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Full text of "制冷压缩机及其应用_11960812.pdf"

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1.39 
1.46 
1.53 
1.60 
1.68 
1.77 
1.85 
1.94 
2.03 
2.13 
2.23 
2.34 
2.44 
2.54 
2.66 



34 



0.95 
1.01 
1.06 
1.12 
1.18 
1.24 
1.31 
1.38 
1.44 
1.51 
1.58 
1.66 
1.75 
1,83 
1.92 
2.00 
2.11 
2.21 
2.31 
2.41 
2.51 
2.63 



35 



0.94 
1.00 
1.05 
1.11 
1.16 
1.22 
1.29 
1.36 
1.42 
1.49 
1.56 
1.64 
1.73 
1.81 
1.90 
1.98 
2.08 
2.18 
2.28 
2.38 
2.48 
2.60 



36 



0.93 
0.98 
1.03 
1.09 

1.14 
1.20 
1.27 
1.34 
1.40 
1.47 
1.54 
1.62 
1.71 
1.79 
1.87 
1.95 
2.05 
2.15 
2.25 
2.35 
2.45 
2.57 



37 



0.91 
0.97 
1.02 
1.08 
1.13 
1.18 
1.25 
1.32 
1.38 
1.45 
1.52 
1.60 
1.68 
1.76 
1.84 
1.92 
2.02 
2.12 
2.22 
2.32 
2.42 
2.54 



38 



0.90 
0.95 
1.00 
1.06 
1.11 
1.17 
1.24 
1.30 
1.37 

1.43 
1.50 
1.58 
1.66 
1.74 
1.82 
1.90 
2.00 
2.10 
2.19 
2.29 
2.39 
2.50 



39 



0.88 
0.94 
0.99 
1.05 
1. 10 
1. 15 
1.22 
1.28 
1.35 
1.41 
1.48 
1.56 
1.63 
1.71 
1.79 
1.87 
1.97 
2.07 
2.16 
2.26 
2.36 
2.47 



40 



0.87 
0.92 
0.97 
1.03 
1.08 
1.13 
1.20 
1.26 
1.33 
1.39 
1.46 
1.54 
1.61 
1.69 
1.76 
1.84 
1.94 
2.04 
2.13 
2.23 
2.33 
2.44 



172 



-b-f *] ^,3.^*1^$ 



»* 


mSLM 


QMM&CO 


fioc> 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


32 


33 


34 


35 


36 


37 


38 


39 


40 


+7 


3.05 


3.02 


2.98 


2.95 


2,91 


2.88 


2.85 


2.82 


2.78 


2.75 


2.72 


2.69 


2. 66 


2.62 


2.59 


2.56 


+8 


3.18 


3.15 


3.11 


3.08 


3.04 


3.01 


2.98 


2.94 


2.91 


2.87 


2.-84 


2.81 


2.77 


2.74 


2.70 


2.67 


+ 9 


3.32 


3.28 


3.24 


3.21 


3.17 


3.13 


3. 10 


3.06 


3.03 


2.99 


2.96 


2.93 


2.89 


2.86 


2.82 


2.79 


+ 10 


3.45 


3.41 


3.37 


3.34 


3.30 


3.26 


3.22 


3.19 


•3.15 


3.12 


3. 08- 


3.04 


3.01 


2.97 


2.94 


2.90 


±Lttn vm.Bi34*m&viuftm8tMm9LK 1 * 7-2 


&££& 


: ^mmmco 


CO 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


32 


33 


34 


35 


36 


37 


38 


39 


40 


-15 


1.08' 


1.06 


1.05 


1.03 


1.02 


1 


0.98 


0.97 


0.95 


0.94 


0.92 


0.90 


0.89 


0.87 


0.86 


0.84 


-14 


1.14 


1.12 


1.11 


1.09 


1.08 


1.06 


1.04 


"1.02 


1.01 


0.99 


0.97 


0.95 


0.93 


0.92 


0.90 


0.88 


-13 


■1.20 


1.18 


1.16 


1.15 


1.13 


1.11 


1.09 


1.07 


1.06 


1.04 


1.02 


1.00 


0.98 


0.97 


0.95 


0. 93 


-12 


1.27 


1.25 


1.23 


1.21 


1.19 


1.17 


1.15 


1.13 


1.11 


1.09 


1.07 


1.05 


1.03 


1.01 


0.99 


0.97 


-11 


1.33 


1.31 


1.29 


1.26 


1.24 


1.22 


1.20 


1.18 


1. 16 


1.14 


1.12 


1.10 


1.08 


1.06 


1.04 


1.02 


-10 


1.39 


1.37 


1.35 


1.32 


1.30 


1.28 


1.26 


1.24 


1.21 


1.19 


1.17 


1.15 


1. 13 


1.10 


1.08 


1.06 


-9 


1.46 


1.44 


1.42 


1.39 


1.37 


1.35 


1.33 


1.31 


1.28 


1.26 


1.24 


1.22 


1.19 


1.17 


1.14 


1.12 


-8 


1.54 


1.52 


1.49 


1.47 


1.44 


1.42 


1.40 


1.37 


1.35 


1.32 


1.30 


1.28 


1.25 


1.23 


1,20 


1.18 


-7 


1.61 


1.59 


1.56 


1.54 


1.51 


1.49 


1,47 


1.44 


1.42 


1.39 


1.37 


1.35 


1.32 


1.30 


1.27 


1.25 


-6 


1.69 


1.66 


1.64 


1.61 


1.59 


1.56 


1.53 


1.51 


1.48 


1.46 


1.43 


1.41 


1.38 


1.36 


1.33 


1.31 


-5 


1.76 


1.73 


1.71 


1.68 


1.66 


1.63 


1.60 


1.58 


1.55 


1.53 


1.50 


1.47 


1.45 


1.42 


1.40 


1.37 


-4 


1.85 


1.82 


1.79 


1.77 


1.74 


1.71 


1.68 


1.66 


1.63 


1.61 


1.58 


1.55 


1.52 


1.49 


1.47 


1.44 


-3 


1.94 


1.91 


1.88 


1.85 


1.82 


1.79 


1.76 


1.73 


1.70 


1.68 


1.65 


L62 


1.59 


1.56 


1.54 


1.51 


-2 


2,02 


2.00 


1.97 


1. 94 


1.91 


1.88 


1.85 


1.82 


1.79 


1.-76 


1.73 


1.70 


1.67 


1.64 


1.61 


1.58 


-1 


2.11 


2.08 


2.05 


2.02 


1.99 


1.96 


1.92 


1.89 


1.86 


1.83 


1.80 


1.77 


1.74 


1.71 


1.68 


1.65 





2.20 


2.17 


2.13 


2.10 


2.07 


2.04 


2.00 


1.97 


1.94 


1. 91 


1.88 


1.84 


1.81 


1.78 


1.75 


1.72 


+ 1 


2.31 


2.26 


2.23 


2.20 


2.17 


2.14 


2.10 


2.06 


2.03 


2.00 


1.97 


1.93 


1.89 


1.86 


1.83 


1.80 


+2 


2.42 


2.37 


2.34 


2.31 


2.28 


2.24 


2.20 


2.16 

L 


2. 13 


2.10 


2.06 


2.02 


1.98 


1. 95 


1.92 


1.89 


+3 


2. 52 


2.47 


2.44 


2.41 


2.38 


2.34 


2.30 


2.26 


2.23 


2.20 


2.16 


2.11 


2.06 


2.03 


2.00 


1.97 


+4 


2. 63 


2.58 


2.54 


2.51 


2.48 


2.44 


2.40 


2.36 


2.32 


2.29 


2.25 


2.20 


2.15 


2.12 


2.09 


2.06 


-1-5 


2.74 


2.70 


2.66 


2.62 


2.58 


2.54 


2.50 


2.46 


2.42 


2.38 


2.34 


2.30 


2.26 


2.22 


2.18 


2.14 


+6 


2.87 


2.82 


2.78 


2.74 


2.70 


2.66 


2.61 


2.57 


2.53 


2.49 


2.45 


2.40 


2.36 


2.32 


2.28 


2.24 


+7 


3.00 


2.95 


2.90 


2.86 


2.82 


2.78 


2.73 


2.68 


2.64 


2.60 


2.56 


2.51 


2.47 


2.43 


2.39 


2.35 


+8 


3.12 


3.07. 


3.02 


2.98 


2.94 


2.90 


2.85 


2.80 


2.76 


2.72 


2.68 


2.63 


2.58 


2.53 


2.49 


2.45 


+9 


3.25 


3.20 


3.15 


3.10 


3.06 


3.02 


2.97 


2.92 


2.87 


2.83 


2.79 


2.74 


2.69 


2.64 


2.60 


2.56 


+ 10 


3. 38 3. 33 


3.28 


3.23 


3.18 


3.14 


3.09 


3.04 


2.99 


2.95 


2.90 


2.85 


2.80 


2.75 


2.71 


2.66 



x mmjiR&mjiJhmm-t 



1. mte^^p 



ts 



2. fttisih^Pi 



&*¥ r,i — %*&&, «T 





ts 




7-3 m 



Qnrn VV ts 



Pi = r/iP 



ts 



(7-3) 



(7-4) 



f-T b. m fa ¥i ii m 17.3 



3. 4Mfc#*p m 



-Pm=<7vt A./3600 



(7-5) 



S:^ p 



sftyBM&tl, kPa 






, ^ = 49 — 68. 7kPa; 

WfKS^-EBftt/l, p m =34. 3—63. 7kPa Q 

4. #?-5^P e 

it* ^b— £EHgmfi<ltH*fi=!!S!t$, — IS* 0.8-0. 9 

5. S£*-*^*ti^^P«i 



(7-6) 



P.'. -JS4BB 




1.0 

0.9 
0.8 

0.7 

0.6 

0.5 
0.4 
0.3 
0.2 

0.1 








\£tf 


































c 


=0.02 












0.05 
















c= 






























c=p. 10-1 










































































i 


i 2 : 


4 5 


6 ' 


' 8 5 


> 10 



tf'-tVt 



e o 





7-3 ffi^3fc*7,-ffiJ5Afcfcefil 




P d = (l. 10-1. 15)P e (7-7) 



55^ 



xi\ peis'tr'ys 



C tft 




/n> 




e, jEffimns[*^S7fc«fi<ni^ 



ffiM^fcr^iPTlcgiftM, -jftAffljgrilW. »4 





#f. Xt^i(ftlR22 




LL^ 



j£tf-£^;to:«i8#spzle* 9mw (kg/s) . 



^+ f — tfc« 





g m = 0.24P e £/cA* 

A* ^feE$^*P7jCja*7jCfigM , ll« 5~10°C ; 

c ^4P7jC^I£», -#.{fe* kj/(kg • K) 



(7-8) 



15^0.13— 0.18; 



m, m&im&m&mfa&& 



««tij^^s«^^^siiwmtt^^f*^#0f#^Wfifij^H«tfisy^fn^ 





* 18/24=0. 75 gift, «£»*! MW«« Q'&%tI«|Bm»JP|6] , T«: 

Q'=Q/6 

St* Q % -0M&& 24h W#l«« : , kW; 

6 MBffiO^ 



(7-9) 




rtmmnm. mBtm^MM® 





. ^ffiijE-s jnxf^ pts , M£»J£»i$:e 



fMlW. 




hjh:, , &ti]&m#M®&m$itom^m 



a 




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B»&«ig5£ (7-9 ) #r# watt 








*£-• t-*>ua* 


















7 





is> 'BW^iW 




174 $Azt W&B-OifaMM 




v$vm&, %n&m%, ^^stmms^m^M^mm 



•fB* 





&muM7k¥-m, tm 7-4 #f 






7Ko 















So Hill:, ffi&##ft#*HTF, M&MmmRftffiti3*3t&frm&i2&i$;3&Wg.a &# 

^ffasi&w, &b^«««m^, jtn£»M, turn 7-6 m^. &*$§&# 




*m&Bm%mwfamBTmmfiti3io x 



^iiW^M(|PS 7-6 t^AlfP^Qa)^™^ 




, m 7-6 









f/a 



l/a 



7-4 #^#ftflf 



7-5 $4fc#J?££# 



7-6 & 



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(7-10) 



5$* Q< 




^ftffi, kW ; 








T«U. s; 



i^JM, kg/m 3 ; 





7?i 



*\ 



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^-■f a, M^^mm us 



^ — w^mmR, m 3 



*ffl#ms^iii*{i:^^#^^fe, «±»7t»M^o m%mwmmM:m%x 



ftteMimmytumT , mMm&mmmmm^mmttftr.umm^m'&m+ 











mmX& 0. 35-0. 4MW MT) , ffiJBffiMI 








Mt, -mmmmn^pm&mm 














m^%m 






vm&mnm.o mmmm 






-+2r 



1? &, #^ 




iMfcit 
























&; «^, Hi 




f \TTt J» 





^W#|W|0^ft, JW^mPMffi^ &m& 



1. **|Hj*^^>^^s 



it 4 1 Asp 

L 




SHIij^ 




W 





m; 



di — w^rte, m ; 



|0 WLW-^lS., kg/m 3 ; 



tu 





» m/s 



# m tH^WHIf* : 



^i^^s 







7ii> 








A/>spf— Asp jT-^r 

«* 2 



(7-11) 



A£ 



SPF 



ARspf — \^ 1 — Asp 



d, 2 



(7-12) 




m^ftte^ftwimwmgi. *t^g«&, &mmwLRe%m^. 






176 



-b# %]&&^fa&$ 




7-7, jm#»®JJ 
Rett, £*«:*# 8 




Aspo JA«*Rm#tB, ^«Kfi9*«Ea^J«»AspK^«» 



Asp^-Re/64 




(7-13) 



fe 
^ 



0.10 
0.09 

0.08 
0.07 

0.06 
0.05 

0.04 



■R 



0.03 



0.02 



0.015 



0.010 
0.009 
0.008 







































































































































































































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,# 












































\ 




^ 












































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\ 




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— r- 


^ 71 
















































'$ 












































/ -V 








































iU 










































A& 










































V7 














































I 1 !. 




























































































\ 












































r 

1 




















































! ^ 






























; 


















































































T^ 




































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.-■ 










































































































































































































































1 





































0.05 
0.04 
0.03 

0.02 
0.015 

0.010 
0.008 

0.006 
0.004 



0.002 fe 

0.0008 
0.0004 

0.0002 
0.0001 






'■ 0.00005 



10 3 2 3 5 10 4 2 3 5 10 5 2 3 5 10 6 2 3 5 10 7 2 3 5 10 



0.00001 

8 



mm&Re 



m 



7-7 




SE*£» 



x^seaMfes, ifBMMfo^, a^3iBftiWrt*iiifi9ffixtfi«iap(eM)e& 









§ 





7-3 








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5IE;*/£&AsP-5ff*&8feifc# 



10 6 x l/3 



Asp=0. 0055[l+(2OOOO^+^) 



(7-14) 



»-#£Mf*l, 




Ktt, &m^ — Km 




mx%$m%LW&&mL&to . * ra*«£^«KM 



i^J 



f^W^xtaH^e^W^rtg^, Wtbfi(eM), <fi^£xfffi$iM 



?tfj*6*fffl*tg 




7-3 



? 



e(mrn) 






«(mm) 






o. 0—0. 0015 



0. 05—0. 10 



0. 26—0. 30 



0.15 



immNfrMtmi 




0. 10 



0.30 



0.50 



0.80 








faammmm.m& *=o. 012.-0. 1™, -^jms^, x^arabHWjffiffctf- 




-? 



*U Ml\%®-i9iii 177 



mm®, mftxmfr 




&M e=0. 046mm, MiH'B^L e=0. 06mm o *fTf5»M^ 



ttStft, &*H3^#JM 




2. J7-?|5piL^-H-Jp>i^: 



A^spp — 6 



SP 



pco 



(7-15) 










L, 



, fCBTl^Ji^^^WM^IflA^^&o ^ft. ^(7-15)HBr^^^/: 



mn^mmz 



di 



A/?spp — Asp 



L e pw 2 
di 2 



(7-16) 



s;^ 



Asp 






a.Afti/ 



m; 



KM^W^XIhI^(7-12) 



##ttMH»f#«S 




e(^)jE*7-4. 



31 7-4 



fiwt#£# 



&(LJdi) 



mmm*%ffi 



SitfiO,/*) 






340 

170 

8 

80 



90 



^*90 



g^r* 



KSsl. 5rf 



15 



80 



<f/D= 1/4 



30 



d/D=l/2 



20 



r* 



90 



40 



45 



25 



■eafcr* 



d/D=3/l 



17 



± 



20 



d/D=l/A 



16 



itfajdfJSBfcfa^ 



60 



«*&** 



d/D=l/2. 



11 



f 90' 



J?=rf 



20 



d/D=3/4 



3. f &#&!&;* 
(i) jtf^ra^ 






*+WAaij*# > h«a**iaA apspf^m^pi^ ap 



SPP 



^fH BP: 



A£sp =2A£spf +2A£spp =51 



SP 



L+L e p 



TV 



d t 



(7-17) 



^4 ] #-^JaL^(7-14)^^(7-15) 



(2) XffiFJ^^, ^#WSWJ««iaiJ AFsPF-^MIPffiij AiWh Mit^ii 



mfc%wmLmmjj. hp, 



178 



-b-$ %)'<¥&?& fc&M 



&¥ Z^HZ; 



APsp =2A/>spf +-2&Pspp +CZ 2 —Zi)fg 
An^&\3tfim&, m; 



(7-18) 



p Mfc&Stf kg/m 3 ; 

g — ^mmmMmm, g=9. 806m/s 2 , 



»M^I^^(7-16) 














Tmmmjiw%mttM®M&wgmt® 





wmfem&m 







™*mmfe'v«*. 






mz 





n&nm* Mm&mftw& * 
















-fcfPHtf-p.Iii.-B 









frMitmWT = 



i. m%.?p&*%%i 

(i) lu^t . m^wftffi^ 



^ 





t^»ffit«» 



m 













±#liI^:fcWifti&±Mg«ftM&&iHJ^3£, *:t*«»^«#«;*:W 



t€. £ffiM§Tteftii£ffi£fflgiWfcmiiftffi;W, 





&MWM, to 





;llv 




T?f 




|£«^ 




£ R134a fq R22 WIII^M/J^tSl^tftS^lJM 7-8 Jftlg 7-9 i^SRr^, in 

(2) #^t 





0.5°CM o i^»MK* k = 40°CBt, %0.5tM^ffi^WffiiJl^^*JJi: R134a 
jfc/ 12kPa, R22 % 20kPa o 



fll^tW 




ztM^J 10~18m/s 




m.^m±.^w%±m^MJk^M.^ 





VI* \ 





w 



■I" 



~T* 



«L #*ltf#ftit 1 79 



20 30 50 100150200300 



IfW^mm) 



20 30 50 



200 300 




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