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1 794-1 894. 

Centennial Celebration, 

MT. M0RRIS, N. Y., 
AUGUST 15, 1894. 
















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THE observance of the one hundredth anniversary of the 
settlement of Mount Morris, on the 15th of August, 
1894, proved to be an occasion of such general intesest, as to 
call for some permanent record. 

The large extra edition of the Mount Morris Union, contain- 
ing a full account of the exercises, was soon exhausted, without 
supplying the demand. 

The responses of many of the former residents of the town, 
now scattered in different parts of the country, were so hearty 
and refreshing, as to render the committee in charge inexcusable, 
had they failed to secure their publication. 

As a result, the undersigned were appointed a committee, to 
compile a book, which should contain the addresses, the poem and 
other historical matter, which should render the work not only 
interesting to the reader, but valuable for future reference. 

On the Sabbath immediately following the celebration, at a 
large union service in the evening, the Methodist and Presby- 
terian churches presented brief histories of their organizations ; 
and the Baptist church did the same subsequently, at a similar 
service. These histories, together with the most of those of the 
other churches in the village and toAvnship, which have happily 


been secured, "wdll serve to keep many precious names in remem- 
brance, and prevent many important facts from falling into 

Other organizations, and societies of various descriptions, have 
availed themselves of the offer which has been freely extended, 
to take a share in this work ; and we desire to express our obli- 
gations to them, for the carefully prepared articles, which they 
have contributed. 

A number of able writers have been very helpful in furnish- 
ing the biographical sketches, which Ave are confident will be 
heartily welcomed by all, and especially the older residents of 
the place. 

Gladly would we have inserted many more had our space per- 
mitted ; for this town has been rich in both women and men, 
of strong character and sterling qualities. We also deeply re- 
gret, that the names of not a few whose lives as identified Avith 
the interests of this township, have been pure, useful and truly 
honoral)le, fail to appear, for the simple reason, that no one 
writer, has pretended to give them all. 

It must be borne in mind however, that as compilers, it was 
not expected, that Ave Avould Avrite a history of the toAvn, but 
rather arrange such material as might be contributed. 

Nature has been very laAash of her gifts, to all those Avho have 
lived in this far famed valley of the Genesee, but perhaps to 
none more, than to those AA'hose homes have been Avithin the pre- 
cincts of this beautiful village ; and it is very cheering in pre- 
paring this volume, to knoAv that so many, Avho once Avere boys 
and girls playing in these streets, have cherished such delightful 
recollections of their childhood homes. As Ave send them this 
book, Ave send Avith it our greetings; assuring them that Mount 
Morris, though a hundred years old, has lost none of her beauty, 


and gives no sign of decay, numbering as she did by the last 
census over 2800 within the village corporation. 

Our old houses are kept well painted and in good repair ; 
our new houses are up with the times, in all the modern 
conveniences and adornments. Those cool gushing springs, 
on the hillside, are now distributed, by well appointed water 
works, throughout our corporation. Our streets are em- 
bowered with stately elms and maples ; and at night seem almost 
like fairy land, as illuminated with electric lights. 

Our stores and shops are doing a thriving business, rivalling 
in low prices their city competitors. 

Our water power, with mills and factories, is just as efficient 
as ever ; while our four railroads distribute their products, and 
place us in easy communication vnth the great markets of the 

The old brick school house has given way to another, which 
is larger, more ornamental and every way better ; and yet even 
this is not large enough for the crowds of children, over 530, 
which assemble in its rooms — children who are just as bright as 
those of the old school house ; yes, and have just as much fun 
as others had twenty, thirty, forty or fifty years ago. 

The social life of our place is still noted, as it was formerly, 
for its freedom from exclusiveness ; while the religious life of the 
churches, is such, as to assure the stranger of a cordial welcome. 

The sun shines upon the great plain, which is spread out 
toward the east, and lights up the distant hills with glory, just 
the same as it did a hundred years ago, or when you were chil- 
dren here. 

As a village, we enter upon our second century, with no 
halting step ; we feel strong, buoyant and vigorous, and are not 
without our plans for enlargement and improvement. 

The Shaker farm of 1800 acres in our vicinity, which the 


State of New York has recently purchased for the Craig Epilep- 
tic Colony, promises to be one of the most important charities 
of our times. This immense tract is now being laid out in ave- 
nues and streets, parks and gardens, with anticipated water 
works, electric plant, ponds and fountains, to meet the wants of 
a population of 3,000. This, with other projects, render us 
hopeful for the future of this entire section. 

Our recent celebration, in all respects, exceeded our anticipa- 
tions ; but especially in the good feeling which it evoked, from 
both present and former residents ; and we shall feel ten-fold 
paid for all our labor in publishing this book, if it shall promote 
the same generous spirit, and prove a bond of union to all those 
who love Mount Morris. 

Levi Parsons, 

Samuel L. Kockfellow. 








The following correspondence explains the origin of the move- 
ment which resulted in the publication of this book : 

Mount Mokris, N. Y., June 27, 1894. 
Dk. M. H. Mills: 

Dear Sir — As the present year brings us to the one hun- 
dredth anniversary of the settlement of our village, and as your 
honored father was the first to select this beautiful spot for his 
home, we feel that this centenary should be suitably celebrated ; 
and, therefore, it is our united request, that you, at such time 
and place as may hereafter be designated, deliver an address 
appropriate to the occasion. 

O. D. Lake, Geo. W. Phelps, 

H. P. Mills, II. H. Scoville, 

W. Richmond, Levi Parsons, 

S. L. Eockfellow, H. W. Miller, 

H. E. Brown, E. H. Moses, 

W. H. Coy, Ozro Clark. 

Homestead Place, Mount Morris, IST. Y. 

July 2, 1894. 

Messrs. O. D. Lake, Geo. W. Phelps, H. P. Mills and others : 
Gentlemen — Your note of the 27th of June inviting the 
undersigned to deliver an address on the occasion of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the settlement of our village is re- 
ceived. With a due appreciation of the honor conferred, I 
accept the duty imposed on me by my fellow citizens, and name 
August the 15th and the place Seymour opera house. 
I remain very truly yours, 

M. H. Mills. 



On Monday evening, July 16th, 1894, in response to a call 
which had been issued, a large number of our citizens gathered 
at the Village Hall, to consider the matter of celebrating the 
one hundredth anniversary of the settlement of Mount Morris. 

Orrin D. Lake, Esq., was called to the chair and Geo. S. 
Ellicott was chosen secretary. 

Chairman Lake then stated the object of the meeting, and ex- 
pressed himself as decidedly in favor of a proper observance of 
the event. He was followed by S. L. Eockfellow, Dr. Parsons 
and M. E. Gore, who also spoke strongly in favor of the cele- 

After some general discussion it was thought advisable to 
place the whole matter of arrangements in the hands of a com- 
mittee of twelve, which the chairman was authorized to an- 
nounce at a future time. 

The names of the gentlemen selected were as follows : M. E. 
Gore, S. L. RockfeUow, G. M. Shull, Geo. S. Ellicott, Warren 
Royce, Thos. Hudson, M. J. Noonan, E. B. Osborne, W. 
Eichmond, N. A. Seymour, J. M. Prophet and J. P. Olp. 

These are among the most efficient, reliable and public spirited 
of our citizens, and the success of the celebration is largely at- 
tributable to their persevering efforts. 

This general committee was subdivided as follows : 

liaising Funds — M.E. Gore, T. Hudson and S.L. RockfeUow. 

Decorations — W. Richmond, J. M. Prophet and S. L. Rock- 

Sports — N. A. Seymour, G. M. Shull and M. J. Noonan. 

Advertising — G. M. Shull and G. S. Ellicott. 



A Glorious Day, Large Crowd, Appropriate and Successful 


[F'ro7n the Mt Morris Union, Aug. 16th. '\ 
The celebration on "Wednesday of the one hundredth anniver- 
sary of the settlement of Mount Morris was a most pronounced 
success in every respect. The weather was delightful ; there 
was a large gathering of people, (the crowd being estimated at 
about five thousand,) the program, while being an exceptionally 
appropriate one to the occasion, also proved pleasing and satis- 
factory to the large numbers who had turned out to witness and' 
take part in the festivities of the day, which will long be remem- 
bered by all. 


The parade was formed on Main street at one o'clock, and its 
novel character created unusual interest on the part of the mul- 
titude of people that thronged the streets throughout the village. 
The first parade, representing 1794, was made up as follows : 
Rudgers and Safford's martial band; Masonic order; old fash- 


ioned covered carriage, decorated with flags, containing Hon. 
Orrin D. Lake, President of the day ; Dr. M. H. Mills, speaker, 
and Tlev. Levi. Parsons, D. D., pastor of the Presbyterian 
church, chaplain. This carriage, the propert}'' of Sterling Case, 
is over half a century old. The doctor's ' 'one-hoss shay' ' contain- 
ing Mr. Jones, of Geneseo, dressed to represent a doctor of the 
pioneer days ; this chaise is known to be over one hundred 3^ears 
old. Cal. Palmer, carrying sickel, and Levi Cothrell, carrying 
grain cradle; Mr. Cothrell is in his 78th year and is the oldest 
person in the town who was born and has always resided here. 
Ox team drawing an old-time wooden bull plow ; the oxen be- 
longed to and were driven by Joseph Guile, and David George 
held the plow ; the plow is the property of Jas. H. McNair, of 
Sonyea, and is said to be one hundred years old ; it was brought 
from Pennsylvania about ninety years ago. Ox team and cart, 
the property of M. AV. Brooks, driven by Clarence Hamilton ; 
in the cart were the first post-office boxes used in Mount Morris, 
also an old flax brake and a spinning wheel belonging to B. S. 
Cofhn. Ox team and cart owned by Wm. A. Wadsworth, of 
Geneseo, and driven by Jacob Hasler ; the cart was filled with 
grain and Eeuben H. Moses was threshing it with a flail, stop- 
ping occasionally to take a pull at his jug. Sammy McNeilly 
on horseback with bag of grain going to mill as in olden times. 
Boy on horseback with mail bag. Indian chief on horse, in full 
Indian costume — bow, arrows, etc. George Mills and Frankie 
Swan on one horse, with saddle and pillion, dressed in pioneer 
costume, and going to their first party. Four-horse load driven 
by Ward Ferine and C. A. Stevens, of Union Corners ; the 
wagon was trimmed with bushes, representing a party on the 
way to an old-time political gathering. Old style buck-board 
platform wagon, owned and driven by J. C. French; it was 
loaded with a number of young ladies and in the rear end Mrs. 

PUBLIC library' 

••\stor, Lenox and Tilder(y 




Betsey Asliton sat knitting and Mrs. W. C. Dunning spinning 
flax. This was the end of ye ancient portion of the parade. 

Then came Seymour Opera Band, the G. A. K., Living 
Stream Hose Co. , Active Hose Co. , Hook & Ladder Co, , Adri- 
ance modern binder and reaper driven by C. P. Olp, threshing 
machine driven by Alex Chichester, with Eichard Sicldes sitting 
on top holding banner inscribed with "189tt," modern lumber 
wagon owned by A. M. Baker, modern sulky owned by M. D. 
Baker, modern light road wagon, pony and gold harness owned 
by Geo. Austen, F. S. Peer driving tandem accompanied by his 
daughter Miss Emily Peer, S. S. Howland driving four-in-hand 
tally-ho coach loaded with young ladies, citizens in carriages. 

The line of march was north on Main to residence of Dr. 
Mills, counter marched to State, west on State to Eagle, south 
on Eagle to Murray, east on Murray to Stanley, south on Stanley 
to Elm, east on Elm to Main and north on Main to the place of 


As soon as the parade had disbanded the people crowded into 
the opera house until every available space was occupied. It 
was a grand gathering. 

The service was introduced by the singing of "Auld Lang 

The choir, under the direction of Miss Martha Hinman, pianist, 
was composed of Mrs. J. F. Connor, Miss Nellie Bingham, Miss 
Jessie Coy, Mrs. Frank Mills, Mrs. A. Wasson, Mrs. G. S. 
EUicott, Mr. HoweU, John White, Dr. A. E. Leach, Charles 
Gladding and Le\d E. Parsons. 

The President of the day then made the opening address. 

Prayer was offered by the chaplain, which was followed with 
a song, "Long, Long Ago," by the choir. 



In introducing Dr. M. II. Mills, the speaker of the da}^, chair- 
man Lake congratulated the audience in having secured one 
Avho is so familiar with the past history of Mt. Morris, and a 
descendant of that noble, worthy and faithful pioneer of the 
town, General AVilliam A. Mills. 

Dr. Mills gave a very interesting address which will be a val- 
uable historical record. 

At the close of Dr. Mills' remarks, on motion of Hon. William 
Hamilton, of Caledonia, a vote of thanks was extended to the 
Doctor for his very able address. 

The "Swanee Kiver" Avas sung by a quartette from the choir. 

The following telegram was read : 

Chicago, 111., Aug. 15, 1894. 

Dr. M. H. Mills : — I cherish with fondest recollection the 
many happy days of yore spent in Mt. Morris, the loveliest 
spot on God's green earth. My kindly greetings and highest 
regards to one and all assembled to-day celebrating its one hun- 
dredth anniversary. John E. Goodrich. 

Mr.S.L. Eockfellow announced that letters of reminiscence had 
been received from Henry T. Boot, Providence, E. I. ; G. AVells 
Eoot, Hartford, Conn. ; Henry C. Wisner, Eochester ; Hugh 
Harding, Chicago; John A. Eockfellow, Wilcox, Arizona; 
Henry D. Ames, Chicago ; C. H. Ide, Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Mrs. 
Mary A. Hunt, Beloit, Wis. ; Mrs. Sarah M. Dunn, Eochester ; 
F. E. Hastings and Avife, Little Eock, Ark. , A. S. Martindale, 
Little Eock, Ark. ; Charles Hurlburt, Detroit ; Henry C. 
Brown, Brooklyn; Mrs. Helen Eamsey Parker, Otisville,Mich. ; 
John E. Goodrich, Chicago. All the letters were of an inter- 
esting character, but owing to lack of time only the one from 
Mrs, Hunt was read. 

The choir sang "Flow Gently, SAveet Afton," and the meet- 
ing was then brought to a close with the benediction, pronounced 
by Dr. Kittredge, of Geneseo. 


Among the prominent and aged ladies and gentlemen on the 
stage, besides the chairman, speaker and clergymen of the vil- 
lage, were : Mrs. Mary Barney, Mrs. Lucius Scoville,' Mrs. "W. 
H. Spencer, Mrs. Elizabeth Ilamling, Sterling Case, Geo. W. 
Phelps, Hiram P. Mills, Eev. Dr. Wood, D. N. Bacon, Ozro 
Clark, Kichard Burke, H. W. Miller, A. Q. Yan Middlesworth, 
Warren Royce, of Mt.Morris; James O. McClure, Warsaw, secre- 
tary of the Warsaw Historical Society ; Maj. H. A. Dudley, 
Warsaw, president of the Warsaw Historical Society, and editor 
of the New Yorker ; Arch McArthur, Chicago ; E. L. Stanley, 
Dansville; H. M. Teasdale, Dansville; Joseph S. Avery, Esq., 
Clinton, JNT. Y. ; S. Woodford, Towanda, Pa.; Rev. K J. 
Conklin, Rochester, N. Y. ; Dr. Kittredge, Geneseo ; Hon. 
Wm. Hamilton, Caledonia; L. B. Proctor, Esq., Albany. 

Letters of regret had been received from Mr. and Mrs. E. P. 
Clapp, South Deerfield, Mass, ; Mr. and Mrs. C. H. May, 
Terapleton, Mass. ; Oren T. Sheldon, Cheyenne, Wyoming ; 
Miss. L. Brooks, Watertown, N. Y. ; Mrs. Martha N. Wygant, 
Fredonia, ]Sr. Y., and Dr. S. C. Parsons, Savannah, Ga., all 
former residents of Mount Morris : also from Rev. J. M. Car- 
michael, of Nunda, and Rev. F. Gutelius, of Moscow. 

The old-fashioned game of ball by men of mature years was 
the first of the sports on the program. The ball ground selected 
was in front of the Winegar warehouse. S. L. Rocldellow 
and O. C. Matteson were the respective captains. Rockfellow 
chose Warren Royce, Peter YanDorn, W. Richmond, A. O. 
Dalrymple, John Creveling, Samuel Bergen and C. B. McNair. 
Matteson chose J. C. Witt, John Olp, Joseph Olp, Reuben H. 
Moses, Elijah Lincoln, Ira T. Hollister, Chas. Gladding. B. 
S. Coffin kept the score by cutting notches in a stick. Lack of 


time and space prevents a detailed description of the game, suf- 
fice it to say, however, it afforded more amusement than any 
of the sports on the program. The game broke up in a jangle 
(of pleasantry, of course,) when the score stood 21 to 15 in favor 
of Mr. Matteson's side. The winners received pretty boutton- 
I iers, with gold pins, and the losing side the same with silver 
pins. The bouttoniers were presented by Mrs. S. S. Howland, 

The winners in the five-mile bicycle race were : Woodworth, 
1st; Toms, 2nd; Marsh, 3rd; Mills, 4th. 

Boys' two-mile bicycle race — Harry Ellicott, 1st; Ed Creve- 
ling, 2nd ; Barney Beuerlein, 3rd. 

Footrace — Humphrey, 1st; Sanders, 2nd. 

Boys' foot race — Sammy McXeilly, 1st; McISTair, 2nd. 

AVheelbarrow race — Arthur L. Parsons, 1st; Small,- 2nd; 
Clarence Outterson, 3rd. 

Walldng race — Geo. Brookins, 1st. 

Excellent music was furnished by Seymour Opera Band of 
this village, and the marshal band of Perry Center, composed 
of C. W. Pudgers, fifer; John Kudgers and C. A, Safford, 
drummers ; Frank Safford, base drum. 

Many of the business places and residences were prettily dec- 
orated for the occasion, giving the village a gay and attractive 
appearance. The most elaborate decorations were on the Vil- 
lage Hall, the Phelps block, occupied by WUtsie & Gore, the 
Mills block, and the Phelps Empire block. 

The feature of the evening was the fireworks, and never before 

n(,>X. OKKIN D. LAKE. 

president's address. 15 

has such a fine display been seen in Livingston county. They 
were set off in front of the Yillage Hall, under the direction of 
William Patton, who accomplished his work as only an expert 
could. Besides the numerous rockets, flower pots, colored 
lights, etc., there were a number of exceptionally pretty pieces 
producing most beautiful and amusing scenic effects. Main 
street was literally packed with people and all were charmed 
with the display from the beginning until the last piece, which 
said "Good Night," and was the closing of the festivities of the 



Fellow Citizens : — We are here to-day under peculiar and 
interesting circumstances. Standing as we do, at the close of 
the 100 years since the first settlement of this town by white 
inhabitants, it is quite natural we should turn our thoughts 
backward and in our imagination contrast the condition of the 
savage inhabitants of 100 years ago with those of the present, 
and see the transition from ignorance, barbarism and supersti- 
tion to the present high state of civilization, religious advance- 
ment and material improvement. An equally marked change 
has been made in the face of the country — the entire town with 


the exceptiou of the flats, was a dense and unbroken forest onl}' 
used as the hunting grounds of the Indians, where now are 
cultivated fields and palatial dwellings. For these and all other 
blessings it becomes us to lift our hearts in gratitude and thanks- 
gi\ing to the Giver of all our mercies. And as we stand at the 
commencement of another century in looking forward all is 
uncertainty. Let us, while giving thanks for the past, suppli- 
cate the blessing of Heaven on the future. 

The Hon. Orrin D. Lake, President of the Day, is now in his 
ninetieth year, and yet so well preserved that he might be taken 
as a man of sixty. He was born in Kortright, Delaware Co. , 
N. Y., Nov. ilth, 1805. In the year 1830 he came to this 
place with his father from Springport, Cayuga Co., and located 
to the east of the Ridge church, where for man}'" years was his 
home, and which farm he still owns, though for the past twenty- 
five years he has been a resident of the southern part of our vil- 

He was twice elected to our State Legislature, in the years 
1851 and 1852. For seven years he has been Supervisor of the 
town, and for twelve years Justice of the Peace. 

He, of all others, is the one man to whom the people generally 
would {iccord the honor of being President of the Day. 

His father was the Rev. Warner Lake, a Baptist clergyman 
who Avas ordained one hundred years ago. He preached twenty- 
two years at Ilarpersfield, Delaware Co., N. Y., fourteen years 
at Springport, Cayuga Co. , and five years at the former Baptist 
church at the Ridge; where he died in 1848, at the age of S3, 
greatly respected and beloved. 




The following is the full text of the admirable and interesting 
address of Dr. M. II. Mills at the centennial anniversary of the 
settlement of Mt. Morris : 

Fellow Citize2s^s : — The occasion which brings us together 
to-day is unprecedented in the history of the village. It is an 
occasion' which you, nor the speaker, or our children will live to 
see repeated. ISTo words of mine can add to the interest or dig- 
nity of this event to Mt. Morris. I would be lacking in appre- 
ciation and courtesy if I failed to acknowledge the high honor 
conferred on me. Such an honor comes to men but once in 
a century. 

We assemble this day to celebrate with fitting ceremonies the 
one hundredth anniversary of the settlement of Mt. Morris, and 
to offer thanksgiving to our Heavenly Father, who has dealt so 
bounteously with us in the past, and to offer our supplications 
for his continued blessing in the future. That God rules in the 
affairs of men is as certain as any truth of physical science. On 
the great creative power, which is from the beginning, eternal 
"wisdom marshals the great procession of nations. Republics 
flourish and disappear, monarchies are lifted up and cast down. 


Dynasties pass away like a tale which is told, l^ut notliing is Ijy 
chance, though men in their ignorance of causes may tliinic so. 

AVe have been passing through a period of centennials, form- 
ulating and putting in print their history for reference at the 
end of the next hundred years for an unborn generation. These 
celebrations tend to make our people wiser and better. It is 
hoped they will be held on every centennial occasion in our 
country. They will not only restore the love and patriotism of 
our fathers, but they Avill teach us the virtues of courage 
and patient endurance. This is a time of financial disturbance, 
and of business and labor disorders throughout the length and 
breadth of our land, and we have lost somewhat of our faith in 
regard to the future, and we speak in complaining terms of the 
evils of our day. But when we turn back and read again the 
history of the War of American Independence, and rehearse the 
financial distress of the country, and the sufferings of all classes 
of our citizens, we blush at our complaints. 

In the successful voyage of the Vildng ship across the Atlantic 
ocean last summer, resting on the waters of the great lake, 
which bathed the shores of the AYorld's Fair, we have proof of 
the truthfulness of the Norse records, which tell us of live dis- 
tinct voyages of the Norsemen to the New World. The first was 
made by Lief Erickson in the year 985. (A monument now 
standing in Boston perpetuates the memory of the great navi- 
gator of the unknown seas.) These records were Avritten on 
parchment centuries ago. The exact translation of them will 
be found in the Viking age. 

The land of the Vikings is full of the great past. Everywhere 
Ave see evidences of a seafaring and most warlike race. Roman 
coins, gold and silver, from the time of Augustus, 29 B. C, to 
14 A. D., and coins of Roman patrician families antedating the 
Empire, tell how early these Norse tribes had intercourse with 


the Roman world, and their graves on the shores of the Medi- 
terranean bear silent witness of going there. 

In 985 they discover the New World. The Americans who 
are descendants of the Vikings should ta,ke becoming pride in 
their ancestry. They were the original navigators of the un- 
known seas, before the compass opened the way across the ocean. 

Before Columbus left Palos for his unknown voyage toward 
the setting sun in 1492, under the auspices of Spain, which gave 
his voyage a national reputation and interest in the Old World, 
the compass had been invented. By its unerring guide he dis- 
covered an unknown, but heard of continent to the Old World, 
which has made the name of Christopher Columbus immortal. 
May we not better say in the light of this age and the approach- 
ing twentieth century, Columbus made "two old countries" 
better acquainted? 

Twenty years ago, in sinking a shaft in a gold mine in Cali- 
fornia, a human skull was found imbedded in a rock formation 
sixty feet below the surface. This extraordinary discovery was 
amply authenticated at the time, and created great interest 
among antiquarians and scientists in establishing the belief of 
man's great antiquity on the North American continent, co-equal 
perhaps to any portion of the inhabited world. 

The following of the Pilgrim Fathers on the track of Colum- 
bus to our shores, introducing civilization and Christianity, and 
by other peoples fleeing from the tyranny of monarchies and 
caste ridden countries, it is no exageration for me to say, are 
the two great causes which civilization to-day owes to its ad- 
vanced position throughout the world. The Pilgrim Fathers 
severed family ties and surrendered earthly home comforts, and 
hazarded the peril of navigating three thousand miles of ocean 
in a primitive seagoing vessel, to establish a new home in the 
wilds of America, among the aboriginees, where they could en- 


joy their religious and ])olitical views untrammeled by the 
tyranny they left behind them. 

Through years of trials and tribulations they solved the prob- 
lem of the equality of all men before the law, and the right to 
"worship God according to the dictates of their oxsw conscience. 
Thus we may say that the "germ" of the Declaration of 
American Independence first came to light in the little cabin of 
the Mayflower. All hail to the Pilgrim Fathers. In the ful- 
ness of time this germ of the Mayflower matured, and was born 
amid the din and clash of arms on the battlefield, has arisen, 
made by and for the people, which has triumphed over all oppo- 
sition at home and abroad, and to-day stands pre-eminent in the 
triumphs of civil and religious liberty and popular self-govern- 
ment among the nations of the earth. 

As early as the visit of the ^Norsemen in 985, the North 
American Indian was found a native upon our shores. How 
long he has been here no mortal man can tell. He dates back 
and beyond authentic histor3\* The origin of the New York 
Indians, as handed down Ijy oral tradition, is, they sprung out 
of the ground in a high hill in Onondaga county, N. Y. , as is 
said "Pallas" in fuU armor, sprang from the head of Jupiter. 
This hill, or mountain, as the Indians termed it, they still vener- 
ate as the place of their birth. Hence their name, "Seneca 
Indians," interpreted signifies the "Great Hill people." ("Ge- 

■ Pictorial writings, engraved on massive boulders and on rock formations, rising 
above the ground in various parts of the United States and Mexico, is the oldest lit- 
erature handed down to us, and tells of the occupancy of the North American Conti- 
nent by man, prior to the invention of letters in Egypt, 1822 B. C. From that era 
hyeroglyphic writing began to cease. 

The North American Indians record of important events were narrated in pictorial 
writings. Analyzed and translated in our day by students of archology, heroglyphic 
writings and symbols, go to establish the belief, that the Indian has been an inhab- 
itant of the North American Continent, may be from the beginning, notwithstanding 
Other races of peoples have been contemporary, whom they have survived. 


nun-ge-wah people,") which is the definition of the word 

When the iirst white man came among the Indians on our 
eastern shores, they invited liim into their cabins and gave him 
venison to eat. Tliey kindled tires to warm him if cold, and 
clothed hhn if naked, and refused pay for these hospitalities, 
little dreaming that some day he would return for these acts of 
kindness and tell them he wanted a small strip of land to spread 
his blanket on. They gave it to him and called him brother. 
AVhen the white man became larger and stronger, with a pre- 
amble and resolution in his pocket, said to be the brain work of 
our j^ew England fathers in that rigorous age, when in the name 
of their church and religion they put to death witches, and 
opposed warming churches and places of public worship with 
lires, seized the land of the Indians on general principles, and in 
something like the following words and language acquired title 
thereto : 

Whereas, the earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof, 
therefore, be it resolved : First, that the land belongs to the 
Lord. Kesolved, second, that we are the Lord's people, there- 
fore. Resolved, third, that this land belongs to us. And they 
took it. The Indians are a race without books or literature. 
Ko pen of dusky bard upholds their rights, or condems their 
wrongs. Their historian has ahvays been a white man, giving 
a partial history of events as they occurred, doing the Indian 
characture injustice. 

It is unnecessary for me on this occasion to repeat history, 
which you are presumed to be familiar with, and trace the titles 
of lands from the original owners to the white man in the Gen- 
esee valley, farther than to dwell on the Mt. Morris tract, upon 
which our village is located, and to state that the Indian title to 



all lands in AVestern New York, excepting reservations, was 
extinguislied in the treaty at Big-Tree in 1T97. 

In the year isoO capitalists and hind specnlators from the east 
and from the south, came into this vicinity and made large pui'- 
chases of land ; but by reason of the Indian occupancy and the 
dissatisfaction of tlie Indians with the treaty of Great Britain 
and the colonies, the king having made no provision for his 
faithful allies, and the taking by the United States government 
so much land from them at the Fort Stanwix treaty, Rome, N . 
y., in 1784, without compensation, in punishment for adhering 
to the cause of the king in the Revolutionar}" War, whom the 
Colonies had previously taught them to honor and obey, were 
wavering betwixt peace and war, the land purchasers did not 
return and establish homes and occupy their lands until after 
the second war of independence in 1812-15. From that era, the 
settlement and development of our locality and section of coun- 
try, may be said to have commenced, although a few white set- 
tlers had come into what is now Livingston county as earl}'' as 

The Mt. Morris tract is four miles square, instead of four 
square miles, and contains 10,240 acres of land. Some years 
ago, John Kennedy and sister, Seneca Indians from the 
Cataragus Reservation, paid a visit to the speaker.* They 
brought with them the original deed of the Mt. Morris tract, 
executed by the warriors, sachems and chiefs of the Six Nations 

'They claimed tliej* were blood relations of Ebenezer Allan's wife Sail)'; that their 
title liad not been extinguished, as the statue of limitation did not run agaijist the 
Indian, and tliat the sale of the land by Ebenezer Allan to Robert INIorris was illegal, 
and proposed to coTumence legal proceedings to compel the present owners and oc- 
cupants of the land to settle with them, and asked my advice. 

I discouraged legal proceedings. I produced history to prove the sale of the Mt. 
Morris tract by Kbenezer Allan to Robert Morris in 1793, which was confirmed and 
made valid four j-ears later at the treaty of 1797 at Big-Tree, (Geneseo, N, Y.) which 
extinguished the Indian grant to Ebenezer Allan's wife Sally, and her heirs. 

Mr. Kennedy returned home disappointed and wiser, and died three years later. 


of Indians, at Ne\vto\Yn (Elmira) in 1791. I made a copy of 
this original deed which does not appear in any history, and 
have combined it in this address, as an interesting and valuable 
contribution to the history of Mt. Morris. 

"To all people to whom these presents shall come, vre, the 
Sachems, Chiefs and Warriors of the Seneca Nation of Indians, 
send ffreetinff : 

Whereas, r>y the custom of our nation from the earliest times 
of our forefathers to the ])resent day, every person born of a 
Seneca woman has been and is considered one of the nation, and 
thence as having an equal right with every other person in the 
nation to lands belonging to the nation ; and, 

Whereas, Ivy-en-da- went-han, named in English "Sally," 
one of our sisters, has had two daughters born of her body by 
our brother, "Jen-uh-sheo," named in English, Ebenezer Allan, 
the name of the said daughters in English, Mary Allan and Chloe 
Allan; and. 

Whereas, Our said brother, Jen-uh-sheo, the father of the 
said Mary and Chloe, has expressed to us the desire to have the 
share of the Seneca lands to which the said Mary and Chloe 
(whom we consider our children) are entitled to have, set off to 
them in severality, that they may enjoy the same as their sep- 
arate portions ; now know ye, that we, the sachems, chiefs and 
warriors of the Seneca Nation, in the name and by the authority 
of our whole nation, whom according to our ancient custom in 
like cases we represent, and in consideration of the rights of the 
said Mary and Chloe, as children and members of the Seneca 
Nation, and of our love and effection for them, do hereby set 
off and assign to them, the said Mary and Chloe, and to their 
heirs and assigns, a tract of land, on part of which the said Jen- 
uh-sheo, our brother, now dwells, upon the waters of the Jen- 
ush-sheo river (Genesee river) in the county of Ontario, in the 


State of New York, Ijounded as I'ollows : Beginning at an elm 
tree standing in the forks of the Jen-ush-sheo river (the boundry 
between our lands and the lands we sold to Oliver Phelps and 
Mr. Gorham), and running from thence due south four miles, 
thence due west four miles, thence due north four miles, thence 
due east four miles, until the line strikes the said elm tree, with 
the a])})urtenances. To have and to hold the said tract of land, 
with the appurtenances, to them, the said Mary Allan and Chloe 
Allan, and to their heirs and assigns, as tenants in common, to 
their use forever, provided, nevertheless, that we, the said 
sachems, chiefs and warriors, declare that it is our desire and 
intention, that from this day until the third day of March, in 
the year Anno Domini 1S03, during which time both of the said 
Mary and Chloe will be minors, the said Ebenezer Allan, his 
executors and administrators, shall take care of, occupy and 
improve the whole track of land and receive the rents and profits 
thereof, without accounting to the children therefor, saving that 
therewith he, his executors and administrators, shall make pro- 
vision for the descent and suitable maintenance, and for the 
instruction of the said Mary and Chloe, and cause them to be 
instructed in reading and writing, sewing and other useful 
arts, according to the custom of the white people, provided that 
if the said Mary shall marry before the age of twenty-one years, 
then immediately on her marriage the said Ebenezer, his execu- 
tors or administrators, shall deliver to her the possession of her 
one- equal third part in quality and quantity of said tract of land. 
And if the said Chloe shall marry before the age of twenty-one 
years, then immediately on her marriage the said Ebenezer, his 
executors or administrators, shall deliver to her, the said Chloe, 
the possession of one-tliird part for quality and quantity of said 
tract of land. And thenceforward the said Mary and Chloe, 
respectively, and their representative heirs, executors, adminis- 


trators and assigns, shall receive the rents and profits of their 
respective third parts of said tract of land. And the said Ebe- 
nezer Allan shall continue in the possession of the remaining 
third part of said tract of land, and receive the rents and profits 
thereof during his natural life, to his own use. And after his 
death, his present wife, Lucy, if she survive him, shall hold pos- 
session of the same third part, and receive the rents and profits 
thereof to her own use so long as she shall remain his Avidow, 
immediately after which the said Mary and Chloe, their heirs 
and assigns, shall receive and have the entire possession of the 
whole of said tract of land forever. And we, the sachems, 
chiefs and warriors, do further declare that the said tract of 
land so set off to them, the said Mary and Chloe, is and forever 
shall be in full of their share and interest of all the lands belong:- 
ing to the said Nation, and of all claims of property of every 
kind, whether moneys or goods for lands sold or received as 
presents, which have been or shall be received by our Kation ; 
provided further, and it is our meaning to reserve to the Indian 
families now dwelling on said tract of land the liberty of remain- 
ing there so long as they should think fit, with the liberty of 
planting so much corn as shall be necessary for their own use ; 
provided, further, that our sister, the said "Ky-un-da-went-han," 
(named in English Sally) shall be entitled to comfortable and 
competent maintenance out of the rents and profits of said tract 
of land during her natural life, or as long as she remains un- 
joined to another companion. 

In witness whereof, we, the sachems, chiefs of the Seneca 
Nation, according to the ancient custom of our nation, have 
hereunto set our hands and seals this fifteenth day of July, in 
the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one, and of the 
independence of the United States the sixteenth. 

How-de-ye-was, the mark of X Farmer's Brother. 


Shek-wi-un-iiiik, the mark of X Little Beard. 

Kaen-do-wan-ya, the mark of X Big Tree. 

Honey-san-Sprish, the mark of X Young King. 

Oo-nu-got-ek-hon, the mark of X Fire in the Mountain. 

So-ne-auh-to-Avan, the mark of X Big Throat. 

Koye-a-gay-anh, the mark of X Heap of Sayo. 

Tio-ka-a-ya, the mark of X Little Billey. 

Tain-dau-dash, the mark of X Black Chief. 

Ken-nu-yoo-ni-gut, the mark of X Captain Samp, 

Ken-no-ghau-kol-york, the mark of X Old House. 

Ne-en-daw-ku-wan, the mark of X Great Tree. 

Hah-jun-gunsh, the mark of X China Breast Plate. 

Soo-nooh-shoo-wan, the mark of X Great House. 

So-way-is, the mark of X Stump Foot. 

Sachems in the right hand columns of seals, sealed and deliv- 
ered in the presence of Ebenezer Bowman, Joseph Smith, Jasper 
Parish, Horatio Jones, Oliver Phelps, and by the chiefs under- 
written, in the presence of us. 

Jacob Hart. 
Eben Bowman. 

To-du-do-whang-nay, the mark of X Tommy Jenison. 

Cy-asu-te, the mark of X Silver Breast Plate, with a cross. 

So-go-uAva-to, the mark of X Ped Jacket, or Keeper a Wake. 

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal at 
Kewton, in the county of Tioga, in the State of Ncav York, the 
IGth day of July, in the year 1791, and of the independence of 
the United States the sixteenth. 

Timothy Pickering. 

Commissioner on the part of the United States for Holding a 
Treaty with the Six Kations of Indians." 

The \illage of Mt. Morris is situated nearly in the geographi- 
cal center of the above tract. 


' Eobert Morris, from whom the village derives its name, must 
have known Allan did not possess the legal right to sell this 
tract of land. The sale was made in Philadelphia in 1793, re- 
ceiving a nominal price for it in dry goods, Indian cloth and 
trinkets, which Allan brought to Mt. Morris, and opened a 
trading post, bartering his goods with the Indians for furs and 
pelts, and thus acquired the name of being the pioneer merchant 
on Allan's Hill. Allan was a Avhite man, born and reared in 
New Jersey, came into tne Genesee valley in 1780-82. He 
married a Seneca squaw by the name of Sally. (Bump's Island, 
now owned by H. P. Mills, Esq. , was in early tunes caUed 
Sally's Bend.) She resided there and owned the land, it being 
a portion of the Mt. Morris tract. The Island was in the town 
of Leicester. In 1835 the river cut a new channel north of the 
island. In 1836 deepened and widened the channel and runs 
there to-day, leaving the island now in the town of Mt. Morris. 

Allan was a tory and an ally of the Indians, and an enemy to 
his race. Fleeing from the crimes he committed in Pennsyl- 
vania, he joined the Indians in 1780 and committed fresh crimes 
on the banks of the Genesee. He acquired the name of Indian 
Allan from the atrocity of his crimes committed on the white 
race. His life and checkered career were closed on the river 
Thomas in Canada in 1814 among his Indian allies.* 

Eobert Morris was a bold and fearless operator in business 
affairs. He evidently ran the risk to extinguish the title of the 
heirs of the Mt. Morris tract, which he accomplished four years 
later in the treaty at Big-Tree. From 1780, and during the 

*Mary Jemison, (Deh-he-wa-mis,)the white woman, in her life by James E.Seaver, 
says: ''Ebenezer Allan was much at my house with my son Thomas. He was al- 
ways honorable, kind and even generous to me, but the history of his life is a tissue 
of crimes and baseness of the blackest dye. I have often heard him relate his in- 
glorious feats, and confess crimes, the rehearsal of which made my blood curdle, as 
much accustomed as I was to hear of bloody and barberous deeds." 


ten years next following, be purchased about live million acres 
of land in the State of New York, the largest landed proprietor 
in the United States, and justly styled the "Baron of xVmerica. " 
"Robert Morris wlien thirteen years of age came with his father 
from England in 1747, landed in Philadelphia, engaged soon 
after in the countino: house of Charles Willino; remained until 
1754, when he became a partner of Mr. AVilling's son. The 
house had vessels in the ocean trade with foreign countries, con- 
tinued with great success until 1793. lie was a delegate in the 
continental congress, and was a signer of the Declaration of In- 
dependence; was elected twice to Congress (1777-7S.) and ob- 
tained from Congress the first charter of a bank in the United 
States in 1782, (Bank of IN'orth America.) By his advances and 
personal security he furnished Washington's army supplies in 
17S1 to the extent of $1,1-00,000, without which the campaign 
would liave been a failure. lie became security for the loan of 
$90,000 of the French funds to pay off the soldiers and enable 
AVashington to make his campaign on Yorktown, the closing 
battle of the llevolutionary AYar, deciding the fate of the colo- 
nies and the future destiny of the United States. In 1793, 
Robert Morris was said to be the wealthiest man in America. 
In 1S06 he died on the jail limits in Philadelphia for debt. Had 
it not been for an annuity of $1,500 paid by the Holland Land 
Company to ]Mrs. Morris in consideration of the release of dower 
in lands purchased of her husband, he would have been without 
any known means of support. ' ' 

Robert ^Morris was to the financial situation of the Revolu- 
tionary period, what AYashington was to the military, and his 
name is an embelishment to the history of our country, and es- 
pecially to Mt. Morris. Oliver Phelps also, of the Phelps and 
Gorham purchase, the largest landed proprietor in AYestern New 
York, died within the limits of the jail of Ontario county at 


Cauandaigua for debt. Such are some of the strange vicissi- 
tudes of human life. 

The Bank of Korth America held an assignment of the title 
papers in the Mt. Morris tract as collateral security for advances 
and loans made to Robert Morris. It caused this tract to be 
surveyed in 1806 by Stephen Eogers. "When surveyed it was 
called the Mt. Morris tract and described as lying in the town 
of Leicester, in the county of Genesee. In 1807 the Bank of 
North America sold this tract to John R. Murray, merchant, 
JSTew York city, and Harriet Murray, his wife, William Ogden, 
of Kew York city, and Susan Ogden, his wife, John Trumbull, 
New York city, and James Wadsworth, Sr., and Naomi Wads- 
Avorth, his wife, of Geneseo, N. Y., of whom each, including 
the Bank of North America, o\ATied one-eighth, undivided part 
of the whole. The Squawkie Hill reservation of two square 
miles was reserved by the Indians at the treaty of Big-Tree in 
1797, when the title of Robert Morris to this tract was made 
valid by extinguishing the Indian title, and their grant to the 
heirs of Ebenezer Allan. 

I have been written to by a historical society, and sometimes 
asked from what circumstance Squawkie Hill derived its name. 
I have replied, the Senecas way back in remote times carried 
their conquests to the Mississippi river and the Carolinas, cap- 
tured on the plains of Illinois, '^Sac and Fox Indians and brought 
them home prisoners. At a council at their metropolis, Little 
Beardstown, (Cuylerville, N. Y.) contrary to custom, they 
spared their lives and located them on a hill to live. The Senecas 
caUed them "Squawkie-haw Indians;" hence the name Squaw- 
kie HiU. Subsequently they intermarried with the Senecas and 
became a part of the tribe. 

In 1810 the proprietors of the Mt. Morris tract made a parti- 
tion of the land lying south of the Genesee river, except the 


public square in Mt. Morris, bounded as follows : On the north 
by Trumbull street, on the east b}^ Main street, on the south by 
Chapel street and on the west by Clinton street ; also a certain 
lot and mill site, Avhich were held in common. The tract was 
laid out in lots, numbering from 1 to 251 inclusive, which were 
subdi\ided into eight parts for distribution, except as above 
stated, Peter J. Monroe acting in behalf of the Bank of North 

From 1794 to 1810 very few permanent white settlers located 
in Mt. Morris ; Indian occupancy and the prevalence of ague and 
Genesee fever prevented. Among them were Jonathan Harris, 
Clark Cleveland, Isaac Baldwin, Adam Holtslander, Simeon 
Kittle, Louis Mills, Grice Holland, Benedict Satterly, Isaac 
Powell, "William McXair and family. 

Adam Holtslander made and furnished the rails for fencing 
the original enclosures in and around Mt. Morris for many years, 
excelling the lamented Lincoln in that business ; was on the 
frontier in the war of 1812-15, and died in Mt. Morris, Mich., 
in 1S72, aged 81 years. 

James II. McNair came with his father, William McNair, in 
1798 to Allan's Hill at 10 years of age. The family settled in 
Sonyea. James was in many respects a model man, a pattern 
of industry and integrity, a churchman and patriot ; was on the 
frontier in the war of 1812-15; died July 8, 187-1, SQ years of 

From 1810 to 1820 settlers locating in Mt. Morris were more 
numerous. Elisha Parmlee, Messrs. Hopkins, BaldA^ns, Adino 
Bailey, Phineas Lake, David A. Miller, Allen Ayrault, Kiley 
Scoville, Vincent Cothrill, Eli Lake, Messrs. Stanleys, Beaches, 
Rev. Elihu ]\[ason, James Hosmer, John Starkweather, George 
Green, Asa Woodford, Dr. Abrara Camp, Col. Demon, Richard 
AUen, Samuel Sejinour and others. 


Col. Ebenezer Demon was the pioneer manufacturer, (wool 
carding and cloth dressing), located in the suburbs of our village 
known as Demonsville. The speaker never wore any cloth 
manufactured elsewhere until 1837. The first store cloth I had 
for a coat was a bottle green. I have been partial to that color 
ever since. Deacon Asa Woodford was proprietor of a tannery 
in the same locality and a shoe factory and shoe store on Main 
street. Elisha Parmlee, first merchant ; Allen Ayrault, his suc- 
cessor in 1817; Sleeper & Dean his successors in about 1821. 
Later on David A. Miller opened a dry goods store ; was a 
prominent citizen and postmaster for a number of years. George 
Green, first tailor ; Peter Peterson, first hatter ; George AV. 
Barney his successor. Peill}'' Scoville grew hemp between the 
high banks on the flats for several years ; later moved into vil- 
lage ; was supervisor for a number of years and hotel proprietor. 
His son, Henry II. Scoville, conducts the business where there 
has been a public house kept on the site of the Scoville House 
by the Baldwins and Scovilles (relatives) for the past eighty-one 
years, the oldest business place without change of business in 
the village. H. P. Mills, Esq. , though not a pioneer settler in 
our village, is entitled to recognition on this occasion, on account 
of his long residence here, more than half a century, (fifty-seven 
years.) A prominent citizen, engaged in public life, resident 
engineer during the building of the Genesee Yalley canal ; pres- 
ident of the Genesee River National Bank for many years and 
is now, which has been conducted in the interests of the public 
and stockholders, aiding materially the business interests and 
prosperity of the viUage and surrounding country. From 1820 
to 1830 Dr. Charles Bingham, Joseph Thompson, William Gay, 
George Sloat, Goodrich, Root, Dr. Hiram Hunt, Mr. Wadams, 
Stephen Summers, John Runyan, Isaac Thompson Deacon 
Weeks, Elija Thatcher, Deacon Conkey, George W. Barney, 


Mr, Alma and others. In the town : Eussell Sheldon, Ephriara 
Sharp, Sterling Case, Mr. Coe, Benjamin and William Begole, 
Joseph Couding, Aaron Adams, Jonathan Miller, Samuel Leon- 
ard, Chester Foote, David Sanger, Horatio Reed, Samuel Per- 
kins, John Brown, John C. Jones, William Lemon, David II. 
Pierson, Richard W. Gates and others. 

Dr. Abram Camp, first physician, Dr. Charles Bingham, his 
successor, in 1820, a man of unusual force of character, was 
learned in his profession. He met with a premature death from 
an injury received by a fall on the ice in Buck Run ; died De- 
cember 3, IS'12, aged 58 years. Dr. Hiram Hunt moved into 
the ^dllage in 1824; was successful in his practice, and accumu- 
lated, for those times, a handsome property ; later in life he 
met with reverses by business ventures outside of his profession ; 
died October 8, 1853, aged 51 years. 

WiUiam Haskall, commonly called "Bill Haskall," located in 
Mt. Morris in 1812. He was the first pettifogger in justice 
courts, possessed of native talents. If no law that he knew of 
hit the case in hand, he would make the law. He was illiterate 
and uncouth, and fond of wrestling and foot and horse racing 
sports; receded from ci^dlization in 1835 and removed to the 
'wilds of Michigan. Simeon Kittle, a similar character, famil- 
iarly called "Sim Kittle," also receded from civilization and fol- 
lowed his illustrious predecssor and opponent in legal lore in 
justice court, in 1836. George Hastings came to Mt. Morris in 
1830. He was the first lawyer in the place and an honor to the 
bar of Livingston county. Was member of Congress and held 
other public offices of trust and honor. He died August 26, 
1866. In 1830 settlers came from Cayuga county, N. Y., in 
considerable numbers, and for a few years later, and settled 
between Mt. Morris and Nunda, the country then an almost 


unbroken wilderness ; among them was the Hon. O. D. Lake, 
who is still living among us at 90 years of age. 

From 1830 to 1850 was substantially the period which marked 
the prosperity and growth of Mt. Morris village. From 1818 
to the completion of the Genesee Valley canal to Rochester, in 
18-10, our trade with Rochester was by river navigation and 
land carriage. There arrived at Geneseo, July 28, 1824, the 
steamboat, "Erie Canal," Capt. Bottle, the pioneer boat on the 
Genesee river, and there was great rejoicing among the citizens. 
The next steamer vras the Genesee, a stern- wheel boat, carrying 
passengers and freight, with speed of eight or ten miles an hour. 
The distance was sixty -five miles by river from Geneseo to 
Rochester, and thirty miles by land carriage. After running 
two seasons, the enterprise was p.bandoned. River boating with 
"freight lakers," propelled by manual labor, continued at 
periods of high water in the river, as far as Geneseo and Mt. 
Morris, for many years subsequently. Intercourse between Mt. 
Morris, Leicester and Moscow was by ferry across the river in 
summer time and on the ice in winter, until about 1830, when a 
wooden toll-bridge spanned the river. Mr. Starr, of the firm of 
Hurlburt & Starr, dry goods merchants, purchased about this 
time in Albany and brought to our \"illage, the first buggy with 
"eliptic" or steel springs. It was a novelty and much admired. 
Young ladies, as well as older citizens, were anxious to ride in it. 

In 1793 the Williamsburg fair and Genesee races were inaug- 
urated by Col. Williamson. The fair grounds and race track 
were on the flats on what is known as the "Shaker Farm," and 
near the former junction of the river and Canaseraga creek, 
about one mile from Williamsburg, and was the pioneer fair and 
race track in Western New York. The fair and races continued 
for several years, but owing to the class of people who patron- 
ized these fairs and races, they fell into disrepute and were 


abandoned, retarding rather than aiding the settling of the 
country with a desirable class of inhabitants, to the ver}^ great 
disappointment of Col. AYilliamson, their founder. In ISIS the 
post-office was located, with George B. Manier, postmaster. 
Formerly the citizens of Mt. Morris went to Moscow once a 
week for their mail. In 1813 Mt. Morris contained four frame 
and twenty-two log houses. In 1817 there AVere a few machine 
shops and a small store kept by Allen Ayrault. In 1820, 
William Shull erected a grist miU on the site opposite the 
speaker's residence, below the roadvray. The water power was 
obtained from Demonsville brook with water-wheel twenty feet 
in diameter. In 1335, the village was incorporated. In 1815 the 
first school taught west of the Genesee river, on Squawkie Hill, 
by Jedediah Ilosford ; Indian scholars. The Indians said ' 'he 
taught their children books. ' ' 

In 1811 there was standing near the Caledonia springs, in 
what is now Livingston county, N. Y. , a wood colored house 
without porch, steeple, dome or tower to denote its use, which 
was occupied as a Scotch Presbyterian meeting house, and was 
at that time, the only building exclusively used for divine 
worship in the State of New York, west of the Genesee river. 

In 1814 the Presbyterian church society organized. In 1822 
the Methodist society organized. In 1833 the Protestant Epis- 
copal church organized. In 1839 Baptist society constituted. 
For many years the log school house, divided into two com- 
partments by a movable partition through the center, located 
on the public square, where the speaker obtained the rudi- 
ments of an education, was the only public building for holding 
religious services. Allen Ayrault, Gen. Mills and Deacon Stanly 
seated the school house for the purpose of holding church meet- 
ings. The Presbyterian church edifice was dedicated January, 
1832. The Pev. Dr.L. Parsons, the present pastor, has officiated 


in this church for thi;:H7p~§eYen years hist past, which evinces the 
high respect in Avhicji he has been, and is still held. 

The Stanleys, Hopkins, Camps, Beechers, Baldwins and a few 
others organized, in about 1814, the first religious society in 
Mt. Morris, although as early as 1810 there was a Methodist 
class, which, owing to the sparse population, deaths and remov- 
als, never materialized into an organized society. The place 
was unhealthy. Ague and Genesee fever were the prevailing 
diseases. The Mt. Morris of to-day is not surpassed in any sec- 
tion of our country for health and longevity of its citizens. 
From August 5, 1893, to July 25, 1894, there died seventeen 
citizens, the average age of whom was seventy -six years. 

These pioneers, disseminating religious instruction among 
the citizens and teaching the great precepts of the Bible, im- 
proved the moral and social condition of the village, and opened 
the way for other religious denominations in due time to follow, 
to whom we, their descendants and successors, are indebted for 
the early development of Christianity in Mt. Morris. The Rev. 
Samuel Mills, Baptist minister, preached the first sermon in the 
place. Eev. Robert Chappel was the next to conduct religious 
services. Rev. Robert Hubbard was the first Presbyterian 
minister. Jesse Lee and Jonathan Hudson, Methodist ministers, 
frequently visited the place. 

The true pioneer is the bearer of the banner of civilization, in 
the highest sense of that noble word. He comes not to conquor 
as a soldier, but as a man and a citizen. He bears no septer as 
an emblem of his power to command, for in the company of 
pioneers all are equal. He is followed by no military, for his 
mission is peace. He seeks a home and a permanent location 
for himself and family, and the generations who shall succeed 
him, where prosperity and happiness shall have their home. 

The first newspaper published in the place was the Mt. Morris 


Spectator, by Hugh Harding, January 1, 1S34. The iirst 
machine to cut standing grain in the harvest fields, by horse 
power, Avas in 1835. McCormick was the inventor. The first 
trial of the machine was on the fiats between the village and the 
river. The speaker was present. John A. Conway, a former 
citizen of Mt. Morris, aged 78 years, residing at Toledo, Ohio, 
writes August 2d and says : "It was a great sight to see the 
grain fall as fast as six men followed and bound and set up the 
shooks. I Avill never forget the crowds of people down to 
see it. " 

The Gen. Sullivan campaign into this valley in 1779, was a 
destructive blow on the Seneca Xation of Indians. They never 
subsequently occupied any of their places of abode east of the 
Genesee river. All of their property in the Genesee valley was 
burned and otherwise destroyed, leaving them powerless and 
without the means of subsistance. The Indians said ' 'Washing- 
ton was the Town Destroyer. " "To this day, 1785, when his 
name is heard, our women look behind them and turn pale, and 
our children cling close to the necks of their mothers. ' ' This 
campaign of Gen. Sullivan's was made to chastise the Indians 
for committing the Wyoming and Cherry Valley massacres, 
which subsequent light and investigation have shown, were due 
to white men (British and Tories) dressed in disguise, not 

The late John R. Murray, who settled here about sixty years 
ago, was a grand-son (not a son,) of John R. Murray, who was 
one of the original purchasers of the Mt. Morris tract of the 
Bank of North America. Mr. Murray inherited wealth, was a 
gentleman of high sense of honor and integrity. He erected a 
mansion on [Murray Hill, where he resided in elegant style for 
many years, dispensing as a host lavishly, and entertaining hand- 
somely. He has left a cherished memorial in the Episcopal 


church of this village, which he erected, at his own expense, do- 
nated on behalf of himself and wife to his church people. The 
church edifice, from its architectural beauty and cost of construc- 
tion and ample grounds, is an ornament to the village. The 
mortal remains of himself and wife are interred in the church 
grounds, his memory revered and honored, not only by his 
church people, but by all our old citizens, and a wide circle of 
acquaintances in Western ISTew York. 

Mark Hopkins was the first land agent of the Mt. Morris 
tract, acting for Messrs. Murray, Ogden and Eogers. He came 
to Mt. Morris in 1811 in company with his father, Samuel Hop- 
kins, Deacon Jesse Stanley, his two sons, Oliver and Luman. 
Samuel Hopkins died in Mt. Morris, March 19, 1818, at 70 
years of age. He Avas the first one buried in the old cemetery, 
the grave being in the south-west corner. He was a worthy 
Christian man, and a gentleman of the old school. His son, 
Mark Hopkins, relinquished his land agency in 1817 and re- 
moved to Huron county, Ohio, and died at Chillicothe, Ohio, in 
1831, aged 58 years. His brother Samuel Miles Hopkins was a 
lawyer and began his practice in ISTew York city. He purchased 
the law library of Aaron Burr, and is said to have remarked 
"that Aaron Burr could always have a seat at his table." He 
purchased jointly with Benjamin W. Rogers a few years later 
the interest of the Bank of North America in the Mt. Morris 
tract. They also purchased three-fourths of the original Jones 
and Smith Indian grants in the town of Leicester the same year, 
which embraced the land on which Samuel Miles Hopkins 
located the village of Moscow in 1814. He built the Col.Cuyler 
mansion for his residence in 1813-14, being member of Congress 
at the time. In 1822 he reluctantly gave up his mansion, caused 
by financial reverses following the second Avar of American In- 
dependence, and moved to Albany to practice law, Avhere he 


achieved great distinction at the bar. In 1831 he moved to 
Geneva, IST Y,, and died there on the 7th of October, 1837, aged 
65 years, honored and respected, liis memory indellible, and a 
legacy of perpetual honor to his family and kinsmen. 

The history of Mt. Morris cannot be written as it should be 
without liberal reference and description of the life and career 
of its first permanent settler and founder, Gen. AYilliam A. 
Mills. Knowing this, and appreciating the delicate position I 
would occupy, although honored by the invitation, I respect- 
fully declined to deliver the centennial address in a note in reply 
to the citizens' letter inviting me, but recognizing my duty as a 
citizen to aid in the consummation of so worthy a public object, 
I have consented to render my assistance in the line of duty 
assigned to me by my fellow-citizens. 

I stand before the audience as an historical speaker, and not 
as an eulogist of any relative, even though that relative be my 
honored father. Impartial history makes extended reference to 
him a dut}^ demanded by the occasion, yet I would be wanting 
in sincerity if I deny the discharge of this duty is blended with 
filial affection. It is not our purjiose on this occasion to extend 
our remarks to citizens who, coming to Mt. Morris to reside 
since 1S30, have contributed so largely to its growth and pros- 
perity, for their names already appear prominent in the history 
of our town and county, but simply to speak in as brief a man- 
ner as practicable of the pioneer settlers, and the part they bore 
in subduing the wilderness and preparing the way for those who 
were to succeed them in the occupancy of the country. 

Rev. Samuel Mills, of Derby, Conn., a graduate of Yale Col- 
lege, moved witli his family into the Genesee valley in 1790-92, 
died at Williamsburgh, IN". Y., in 179-1, often preaching in the 
open air and barns the great truths of the Gospel in an accept- 
able manner. Church services were frequently held by him in 



the warehouse at Williamsburgh, the first settlement and little 
hamlet in Livingston county, situated midway between Mt. 
Morris and Geneseo, (the late Col. Abel's residence the site,) 
named after Col. Williamson, its founder, and agent of the 
Pultuey estate ; imported a colony from Hamburg, Germany, 
to start the the settlement. The rival settlements of Geneseo 
and Mt. Morris starting up, the little hamlet after a few years 
of struggle for the supremacy passed under a cloud and disap- 
peared forever. 

Rev. Samuel Mills' house took fire in the night, caused by a 
defective chimney flue, and burned v^^ith all his household effects, 
the family barely escaping. Shortly after he contracted the 
Genesee fever, from which he died. The remains were buried 
in the cemetery at Geneseo. He was held in high esteem and 
regard by the pioneer settlers, and his memory is endeared in the 
religious history of the Genesee valley. His family immediately 
returned to Derby, Conn., except his son, William A., who, 
thrown upon his own resources at seventeen years of age, came 
to Allan's Hill in 1794 to make a home for himself, though it 
was among the Indians. He erected a cabin on the brow of the 
tablelands overlooking the Genesee valley, (the site now occu- 
pied by the speaker's residence,) living alone for several years 
^yiih. Indian neighbors. Although commencing life without 
capital, and in the cloud of adversity, was destined to a success- 
ful career, renting lands on the flats on easy terms and employ- 
ing the Indians to assist to cultivate them, coupled with raising 
stock, he added largely to his business and profits. When the 
Mt. Morris tract was opened for sale he purchased from time to 
time until he became the owner of eleven hundred acres of 
land, including several hundred acres on the flats opposite the 
village of Mt. Morris, paying ^30 per acre for his first purchase 
of land on the G-enesee flats, and as high as $60 per acre for his 


last purchase. The thnbered lands skirting the valle}^ west of 
the Genesee river were offered to the first settlers at ^1,50 per 
acre; on the east side of the river at 82.50 per acre. At Gen- 
eseo the first settlers paid eight cents per acre for 2,000 acres of 
land; the same year fifty cents per acre for 4,000 acres more. 
The proprietors of the Mt. Morris tract put a price on these fiat 
lands which kept them out of the market for seventeen years 
from the time Gen. Mills settled in Mt. Morris (Allan's Hill). 
His Indian name Avas So-no-jo-wa, interpreted signifies 
a big kettle, (generous), which would indicate his honest 
dealings with them and their esteem for him. To his grain 
raising, he added grazing on the Genesee and Gardon flats, be- 
coming largely interested in that business. He rented lands on 
the Gardou flats of Mary Jemison, "the white woman," Avho 
was the owner of 17,927 acres of flats and uplands lying on 
both sides of the Genesee river, paying 50 cts. per acre rental per 
season for so much of the land on the flats as he occupied. You 
will remember IMar}^ Jemison, of Indian captivity, was the first 
white person who lived in this valley among the aborigines, in 
1759. Aside from Indian AUan, Lemuel B. Jennings, Capt. 
Koble, Horatio and John H. Jones followed, in 1789, and 
James and "William Wads worth in 1790. 

In 1816, Mary Jemison sold all her reservation of lands, ex- 
cept two square miles on the west side of the river, to Michael 
Brooks and Jellus Clute. The Indians having by treat\^ in 1825 
disposed of their reservations, and all gone from the valley, in 
1827, Mary Jemison was lonesome and wished to join them. 
For this purpose the remaining two square miles she sold, in 
1831, to Henry B. Gibson, of Canandaigua, and Jellus Clute, 
and removed to the Buffalo Creek reservation, where she died, 
September 19, 1833, aged 91 years. She lived among the 
Indians seventy-nine years, had two Indian husbands and a fam-j 


ily of eight children, and her testimony is that the Indians 
always treated her "well.* Upon leaving her home on the Gen- 
esee river, she came to the house of my father to bid him good- 
bye. They conversed mostly in the Indian tongue, although 
Mary Jemison could speak English, but more readily the Indian 
language. Though a boy, eleven years of age, I recollect to 
this day, distinctly, how she looked and appeared. Short in 
stature, under size, very round shouldered and bent forward, 
caused by toating luggage on her back supported by a strap 
across her forehead. Her comxplexion, once white, was tawney, 
her feet small and toed in ; dressing in the costume of the Indian 
female, she resembled a squaw, except her hair and light colored 
eyes. Her cabin was the stranger's home; none were turned 
away hungry from her table. She was never known to make 
trouble among the Indians or among white people and Indians. 
She Vv^as a peacemaker and minded strictly to her own affairs. 

From Gen. Mills' long residence among the Indians (31 years), 
he became much attached to them, and they to him. He never 
took advantage, deceived or cheated them in all his dealings 
with them. The result was he had their entire confidence, and 
never lost it. Even to this day his Indian name is familiar to 
the Indians on the reservations in Il^ew York west of Buffalo. 
"Whilst they have to some extent lost the tradition, they know 
that it means a good white man, the Indians friend, who has 
long since gone to the "happy hunting ground," and is there 
waiting for them to join him. 

William Tallchief,A-wa-wis-ha-dek-hah, (Eurning Day,) chief 
of his tribe at AUa^n's Hill when the first white settlers came 
here to reside, was a loyal and trusty friend to them always. 
He was a chief of renown, and swayed the judgment and actions 

\ *Oneof her husbands (Hi-oc-a-too,) was a noted war-chief; cruel and unrelenting 

in war; in domestic life, agreeable and kind. 


of his tribe for good, and we can say, without fear of contra- 
diction, that a good man has fallen when he died, and deserves 
on this occasion, more than a passing notice from an historian. 
His name appears to the Big-Tree and other treaties, and was 
otherwise connected with the business affairs of the Seneca 
Nation. Tallchief dined with Washington on the occasion of 
an Indian Embassy sent to Philadelphia to smoke the pipe of 
peace with the president. After a ceremonious dinner, a big 
jDipe was lit and handed to Washington. The president took a 
whiff and passed the pipe to Tallchief, to Avhom he paid marked 
attention, and then to each in turn. Tallchief Avas favored by 
nature with more than ordinary grace of person. He removed 
from the Genesee river in 1827 to the Tonawanda reservation, 
where he died about 1833, aged 80 years. His remains were 
interred in the Indian Mission Chapel cemetery on the Buffalo 
Creek reservation by the side of Mary Jemison, the white 
woman. Asher Wright, missionary among the Indians, con- 
difcted the funeral services, followed by the Indian ceremonial 
rites at the graves of their honored dead. The chief's remains, 
several years ago, through the efforts of the speaker, were ob- 
tained for burial in our new cemetery, through a council of the 
Seneca Nation of Indians in the Cattaraugus reservation, after 
three years of negotiations, where it is hoped our citizens wiU 
foUow the example of the State of Pennsylvania, which erected 
a monument to "Corn Planter" (John O'Bail), a Seneca chief 
of renown and friend of the white man, and erect a historical 
monument to the memory of Tallchief through State aid or 
otherwise, to perpetuate the memory of a distinguished red 
man, whose assistance and friendship to the pioneer settlers on 
Allan's IliU should not be forgotten, and justly entitle his mem- 
ory to this recognition and respect from the white man. 

Gen. Mills was on a committee of three, subscribing liberally 


to build the first cliurcli in the village (Presbyterian), and do- 
nated the grounds so long as used for church purposes. He 
built the first house erected in the village by a white man. It 
was a block house, situated on State street, and opposite Mr. 
Moss' residence. He was married March 30, 1803, to Miss 
Susannah H. Harris, at her father's house at Tioga Point, 
Pa. Miss Harris came in 1802, all the way on horseback 
from her father's home, following an Indian trail through 
the woods and open clearings to visit her sister, who resided 
across the valley, about three miles from Mt. Morris (at a 
place subsequently known as the Hermitage), whose hus- 
band, Alpheus Harris, lay sick with the Genesee, or spotted 
fever, and required her assistance. While there she became ac- 
quainted with young Mills. "She was a most excellent Chris- 
tian woman, "the Historian Doty says, "and was highly esteemed 
for what she was in the church and out, for kindress and liber- 
ality to the poor and needy." She died April 6 18-10. "'^ Pre- 
vious to his marriage. Gen. Mills had constructed a substantial 
log house on the site of his original cabin, in which he reared a 
large family, to which he built additions as required and resided 
there until the winter of 1838-39, when he moved into his ele- 
gant brick residence which he had just completed and which is 
now the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Susan H. Branch, who, 
by the way, is the oldest living citizen born in Mt. Morris. He 
was the first justice of the peace, supervisor for about twenty 
years, took an active part in the organization of the town in 
1818, and of Livingston county in 1821; was a director in the 
Livingston County Bank, first bank in the county, $100,000 
capital, Allen Ayrault, president. It continued business twenty- 
five years, and it is no disparagement to banks now doing busi- 

"■■■Gen. Mills having received the military title of General, the Indians said, "his 
wife was a good woman and must have a name too," so they called her "Captain." 


ness in the county, considering the change in the times and the 
competition in business, for me to say, that a bank better man- 
aired for the benefit of the stockholders and in the interest of 
the public, has not existed in the county since. Gen. Mills was 
a member of the committee to procure legislation for the con- 
struction of a railroad up through the valle}^ in 1S32. Built 
from Kochester to Avon in 1854, to Mt. Morris in 1859, to 
Dansville in 1871, forty years after celebrating the grant of the 
charter road built to Dansville, one of the earliest railroad fran- 
chises granted by the State, and one of the last roads to be 

Gen. Mills was with Jesse Stanley, an incorporator of an act, 
Chp. 181, Laws of 1826, passed by the Legislature, April 13th, 
1826, to construct a dam across the Genesee river at Mt. Morris, 
and went to Albany with a petition to aid in securing the neces- 
sary legislation. This enterprise secured a good water power 
for the village, which materially aided the growth and prosper- 
ity of this section, and to-day is of inestimable value. 

The first dam erected across the river w^as a failure, a large 
portion of it went out. In the construction of the second dam 
in 1833, the citizens of Mt. Morris were asked to aid in its con- 
struction, which they did by surrendering up to the then pro- 
prietors of the Mt. Morris tract the public square of the village. 
In this enterprise Gen. Mills also bore a conspicuous part. The 
proprietors of the Mt. Morris tract, after the completion of the 
second dam, formally thanked Gen. Mills, and in recognition of 
his services, deeded him a village lot taken from the public 
square (the lot now occupied by the late Mr. Graham's dwell- 
ing). This is my best recollection of the occurrence of those 
important events, and may not be entirely free from inaccuracy. 
The speaker well remembers Avhen the work of commencing the 
excavating of the mill race from the river to the village was 


begun in 1827. The laborers Avere drawn up in line at the point 
where the stone arch bridge spans the race in the highway lead- 
ing to the river. A goodly number of citizens were present. 
Jesse Stanley and Gen. JMills each made brief speeches, after 
which liquor was passed along the line of laborers, and those 
present. Gen. Mills removed the first shovel of earth, and Jesse 
Stanley the second. Then the word was given, "go ahead 
men," and the dirt flew from the laborers shovels, thus inaug- 
urating the great undertaking of harnessing the Genesee river, 
and furnishing the village with ample water power. 

Gen. Mills v»"as the standing "aid" for the early settlers in 
our town who bought land, moved on to it, and could not keep 
up their payments. He never allowed any such to lose their 
land. The Hon. O. D. Lake, presiding officer of this meeting, 
who settled in our town in 1830, I refer to as one who can 
from his own personal knowledge corroborate the above state- 
ment. In 1816 when there wa.s a famine in Allegany county, 
caused by that memorable cold sum^mer and frosts, which de- 
stroyed vegetation, settlers from the Short Ttract and Canadier 
came to Mt. Morris for wheat and corn, bringing no money to 
pay for their supplies, for they had none. They called on Gen. 
Mills and laid their case before him. After listening to the 
tale of suffering of their families, and their promises to pay him 
in full some day, although strangers to him, he literally filled 
their sleighs (Historian Doty says,) with corn and other grain 
and pork, and sent them home rejoicing. In the following 
summer these men came from Allegany county and worked for 
him in harvest time and paid him in full. ' 'The worthy poor 
and needy were never turned away from his door empty 
handed." (Mason's History of Li\dngston County.) 

The Livingston County Agricultural Society was organized in 
184:1, Gen. "William A. Mills, president. His miUtary career 


was quite as successful as his financial. He organized the first 
military company in what is now Livingston county. From 
this small beginning he rose to the rank of Major General of the 
militia of the State. His military district embraced Allegany, 
Livingston, Wyoming, Genesee, Monroe and Steuben counties. 
Gen. Mills held his fall meetings and parades in the principal 
\dllages of the respective counties. Millitary, after the close of 
the second war of independence, was, for a quarter of a century, 
very popular with all classes of American citizens. Some of the 
most prominent gentlemen in Western New York at different 
tunes were on his military staff.* 

Gen. Mills was prominently connected with all the measures 
of public utility which this section, and especially his locality, 
from the time he settled on Allan's Hill in 179-i, to the time of 
his death in IS^'i. In the war of 1812-15 he went to the fron- 
tier, where he remained until the war closed, rendering his 
country valuable service. (Doty's History of Livingston 

He was born in l^ew Bedford, May 27, 1777, and died sud- 
denly April 7, 1844, of disease of the heart, while taking an 
afternoon nap, at the age of 67 years. He resided in our vil- 
lage half a century. He retained the warm respect and confi- 
dence of a wide circle of acquaintances down to the close of a 
long and useful life. 

The late W. H. C. Hosmer, the "Bard of Avon," in a com- 
munication to the press containing a poem he composed and 
dedicated to the memory of the late Gen. William A. Mills, of 
Mt. Morris, Livingston county, IST. Y., says: "The deceased 

*The speaker recalls the names of Col .Reuben Sleeper, of Mt. Morris; Hon. Daniel 
D. Barnard, of Monroe, M. C. ; Hon. Chas. J. Hill, of Rochester; Hon. Frank Gran- 
ger, of Cauandaigua, N, Y., Postmaster-General and member of the President's 


was one of the patriarchs of the Genesee, or valley of pleasant 
waters, and early identified with its growth and history." 
AVe select a single stanza of the poem above referred to : 

"He chose, regardless of the mob's applause, 

Unspotted truth for guide ; 
Loyal to freedom's charter, and the laws; 

He lived and died. ' ' 

Our work is done, my fellow citizens. Henceforth those who 
take up the line of march where we are dail}'' lea\dng it, must 
bear the burden and sustain the battles of our civilization and 
free republican institutions, and the perpetuity of our beloved 
country, which our forefathers sacrificed their lives and earthly 
happiness to create. 

The pioneers and early settlers, denied themselves the com- 
forts of life and happiness to subdue the wilderness and wilds of 
that country, that their children and the unborn generations 
who succeed them, may have pleasant places of abode. Sur- 
rounded by all the comforts and happiness incident to the enjoy- 
ments of this life, in the most charming and delightful sections 
of our whole country, the valley of the Genesee, "the terrestrial 
paradise of the Senecas," which we, their descendants and 
successors, do fully cherish and appreciate. 



[Mrs. Hall was the daughter of Adino Bailey, who came to 
Mount Morris about 1830, and died in 18-13. His wife died in 
1885. Their home on Main St. is still owned and occupied by 
their daughter, Miss Edna Bailey.] 

Pause in thy rapid flight, O Father Time, 
And turn the pages of the misty past, 
A hundred years agone. 

Call up again. 
In retrospect, it seems as in a magic glass, 
The voices long since silent on the hill 
' 'Where the forefathers of the hamlet sleep, ' ' 
Of those whose deeds of sturdy enterprise 
In the dense wilderness wrought out their homes, 
And made the valley of the Genesee 
The warden of the west. Their hands of toil 


Laid loAv the forests, opened to the sun 
Malarious marshes, where disease and death 
Lurked and secured their victims ; where are now 
Far-stretching, verdant fields and stately elms 
Crowned ^\'ith the glory of a century. 
Although we miss the treasured Treaty tree, 
Demolished by a mighty thunder bolt. 

POEM. 49 

They ^Yitll the red men smoked the pipe of peace, 

And pleasant memories handed down to their posterity ; 

Heroic men, and sainted women bearing patiently 

The hardships of the old-time pioneer, 

Sharing each other's joys and sorrows, then. 

With the sweet sympathy of one family. 

There in the wilderness with simple form 

Their little church was planted, from which sprung 

So many well-trained children, who have been 

True standard bearers in the later years, 

Widening their circle in the growing life 

Of the small settlement, till in other climes 

They make their mark among the noted men, 

The wide world better for their influence. 

Are those who thus have lived and passed away, 

Still cognizant of all Time's changes here; 

The mighty march of progress in these years. 

The wonders science has to us unveiled. 

The genius, art and culture of these times. 

Developed and attained by deep research 

In Nature's mysteries and resources vast. 

The sunlight painting pictures swift and true, 

JSTews flashed like light from either hemisphere, 

Speech listened to a thousand miles away, 

The Iron horse annihilating space, 

(Though good old Deacon Stanley's prophecy 

Of rapid transit by old time canal 

Was deemed as only his strange vagary,) 

The steady march of Christianity, 

With power divine to teach and civilize 

All nations with its blessed influence? 

The world has moved ; things common in our day 


AVere never dreamed a hundred years ago. 

We talk of good old times ; they held the good 

AYithout the foresi2:ht for our evil davs, 

AVhen the great brotherhood of North and South 

Fought with their hands imbued in their own blood, 

Till the great nation's life was threatened sore, 

And Liberty wept over her martyred dead. 

ISTow tottering thrones; men's passions unrestrained, 

Law, order, and firm principle ignored ; 

Rights striven for with flames and dynamite ; 

The Magic City, wonder of the world, 

Vanished by vandal hands, so like 

"The baseless fabric of a splendid dream;" 

The struggle for high place, that would blot out 

The liberty so many heroes died to save ; 

All these sad visions hidden from the eyes 

Of those who lived a hundred years ago. 

Home of my birth, Mt. Morris, thy green hills 

And lovely plains, fair basking in the sun. 

And wild and beautiful the Genesee, 

"With scenery so picturesque and grand ; 

"Whether in placid flow, reflecting fair 

His rocky banks, flecked with their softening green, 

Or, rampant with the mighty, seething rush 

Of angry waters, O, I love you still. 

And scenes so beautiful are treasured now. 

By many a wanderer in other lands. 

The dear old place, a Mecca to us all ; 

Old homes where friends have lived and passed away : 

Spires where we worshiped with them many a day ; 

Peace and prosperity still over them abide, 

If the Avorld lasts a hundred years to come. 



As a striking contrast between the old and the new, be- 
tween prhnitive and modern architecture, we introduce a picture 
of "The Old Lo": House" and follow it with one of our Yillao-e 

This Old Log House will require a few words of explanation. 

While Pioneer Associations sometimes build log houses so as 
to present an object lesson of the older time to the present gen- 
eration, our village can point to one of the original log houses, 
which has stood its ground against all innovations. 

The late Levi L.Totten, whose word was authority for all mat- 
ters of pioneer history, could not tell when or by whom that 
house was erected, and we have sought in vain for this informa- 
tion from other sources. It is located at the corner of Grove 
and Stanley streets, opposite the residence of J. M. Hastings, 
Esq. Whoever built it must have had an eye for the beautiful, 
for it occupies a commanding eminence overlooking a deep ravine 
along which runs a stream of living water. This house is in 
good repair and at present is owned and occupied by Mrs. Jane 

This must have been one of the twenty-two log houses refer- 
red to by Eev. Darwin Chichester in his historical discourse 
delivered Feb. 1st, 1855, at the dedication of the Presbyterian 
church; in which he says: "Let us come forward to the pic- 
ture of Mt. Morris in 1813. We will enter on what is now the 
plank road across the flats. Ascending the hill we pass what 








Aster, Lenox and Tilden^ 







I am reading with interest your arrangements for the Centen- 
nial Celebration at Mt. Morris which my old friend, the Union, 
tells me is to take place the 15th of August. 

I am glad to know that the good people of Mt. Morris have 
it in their hearts to do honor to the occasion, which most 
certainly ought not to be overlooked. There are few places of 
more historic interest ; few places of more abundant resources, 
and few equalled in beauty and variety of scenery. It has truly 
been called the "garden of the earth." Perhaps I am the old- 
est person living who can remember Mt, Morris (or Allan's Hill, 
as it was then called) as far back as 1810, which was the year 
my father, Jesse Wadhams, removed his family to the valley of 
the Genesee, at that time supposed to be about the end of the 
world. The novelty and the privations of pioneer life left 
strong impressions on my mind not easily forgotten. Memory 
recalls things that happened and people that lived, who, with 
their entire families, have long since passed away. In 1811, on 


the same spot where now stand beautiful churches, fine resi- 
dences with every evidence of taste and refinement, my father 
raised a splendid crop of wheat, sleighloads of which found a 
market in Connecticut on account of its superior excellence. The 
hill ^vest was covered with hazlenuts, a bonanza for children. 
An occasional rattlesnake was found to enliven the scene, and 
Indian wigwams dotted hillside and valley. There was but one 
house with any pretence to size or convenience. It boasted a 
fireplace, stairs instead of a ladder, a brick oven which was 
used by the neighbors generally, and a well with a pump. 

I knew the old white woman of the Genesee and was an oc- 
casional visitor at her house. I have eaten of her succotash 
which few cooks of the present day could equal. She was nice 
in all her surroundings and altogether a most wonderful woman. 
I think I witnessed at Squawkie Hill the Indian ceremony of 
sacrificing the white dog for the last time, as the practice was 
discontinued about this time. I knew Tall Chief, He was a 
splendid specimen of manhood — elegant in figure, courtly in 
manner, a natural gentleman. I have dined at the same table 
with the noted orator Eed Jacket. 

The war of 1812 made many changes. Companies were sent 
in defence of the border towns. We were not molested or much 
alarmed except on one occasion when an old squaw came with a 
secret which she would sell for money. The secret was that the 
village was to be sacked and burned and the inhabitants mur- 
dered. Some thought it a hoax, others that it was best to be 
prepared, so the women and children were gathered together in 
the block house and the men stood guard. The old squaw was 
found drunk the next day a little distance away. The favorite 
spot for ball games, for wrestling, running and leaping was on 
the flat near the river. The river was crossed either in canoes 
or by wading and later on by ferry boats. Under the shadow of 


the splendid old elm tree which long since John R. Murray tried 
to save by fencing and care taking and which was finally shat- 
tered by lightning, stood an Indian wigwam occupied only by 
an old squaw who was said to be 115 years old. But I must 
stop this scribbling and ought to apologize for presuming so 
much on the kindness of an old friend. I would gladly be pres- 
ent at this Centennial gathering, but the great distance, 
together with my almost ninety-three years, prevents. When 
I took my pen I only thought to express my sympathy and 
interest and best wishes for the undertaking. 



Rev. Samuel J. Mills, my grand-father, came to the 
valley of the Genesee about 1792, from Bedford, Conn. After 
the death of his first wife, Martha Lewis, who was my grand- 
mother, he married Mrs. Homphries, a wealthy lady. 

His was the first sermon ever preached in Geneseo, and was 
delivered in a barn to an attentive audience. He located his 
home in Groveland, just across' the Canaseraga creek, and the 
barn which he built with a stone foundation is still standing. 

The company to which my grand-father belonged, owned at 
one time, just before the war of 1812, all the land between this 
town and Buffalo. The reverses of the war compelled a forced 
sale which resulted in the loss of most of this capital. 

My father, the late Gen. Wm. A. Mills, was the fourth son, 
and at that time but seventeen years of age; and though so 


young, still saw the necessity laid upon him to do something for 
himself. AYorking land on the west side of the valle}^, he was 
accustomed to leave the home in Groveland every Monday 
morning and cross the flats on a road constructed of logs, and 
return Saturday night ; in the mean time doing the most of his 
own cooking. On one of these trips he was so unfortunate as 
to have the horse on which he was ridino-s break one of his le":s 
by slipping between the logs, thus losing the most of his first 
summer's gain. 

As soon as the northern portion of the flats was for sale my 
father bought fifty acres, but erected his log house, in which 
our family for many years lived, upon the hill, just where is 
now the front yard of Dr. Mills' residence. In those days 
wheat could not be raised upon the flats, and as very little was 
brought here, people lived mostly on corn bread. After toiling 
on for several years in this way, there came to this town other 
settlers, among whom was a Mr. Alpheus Harris from Tioga 
Point, Pa., who remained not many years on account of the 
unhealthfulness of the place. During his short stay here his 
sister came to see him. This sister was a young lady thoroughly 
versed in all the mysteries of caring for a household. My father 
called one morning on Mr. Harris to borrow a hoe. He saw the 
sister for the first time. That was Susannah Harris, who after- 
ward became Mrs. William A. Mills. The manner of the 
engagement was on this wise : as there could be no letters pass 
from this far west to the northern boundar}^ of Pennsylvania, 
they must set the day for the wedding ; which was decided to 
be just one year from their parting. So these two went to work ; 
father to make the home comfortable, and have as much as pos- 
sible to begin with, and dear mother went to her home and spun 
and wove, so that she had cloth, bedding, shoes and clothes 
enough for several years. 


The year p.t last expired, and the day had come when she was 
to meet my father. She arose in the morning and walked out 
soon after sunrise, and, lo and behold, there was father coming 
on a shiney black horse. The truth was, the roads were too 
rough to ride in any way but on horse back. Wagons bring- 
ing goods would be drawn over low stumps and ravines as best 
they could get along. The first looking glass brought to this 
town Avas packed among the bedding of my mother. 

My father was a very public spirited man. After assisting 
in building two grist mills on smaller streams, the thought 
occurred to him that we could utilize the river, if only we could 
get a grant from the state to build a dam and a raceway large 
enough for mill power. Accordingly he went by stage to Albanj^ 
and presented the petition signed by the citizens of this town, 
and he obtained his request. The first dam was entirely swept 
away ; and the second one had to be made on rock bottom. 

There was true sympathy among the first settlers of this town. 
There is a record of nearly a hundred men who were helped by 
my father to money, from time to time, till they could live 
without hiring money. During the twenty years of his being 
the supervisor of the town, he transacted the business in the 
sitting room, where his desk always stood. 
. My father always felt cordial towards all preachers of the 
Gospel and took delight in helping the church. In those days 
the ministers' salary was raised by subscription and he headed 
the list. Among the many memories of my early home, are 
those of the deep interest which my father took in politics, as 
he would read aloud in the evening from the Alban}^ Argus. 
The contending parties at that time were Whigg and Tories, 
He was thoroughly devoted to the cause of liberty. 

As a general, he entered upon his duties with much zeal ; and 
every year went the rounds of his district for general trainings. 




Hearing you are to have a celebration of the 100th anniver- 
sary of the settlement of Mt. Morris, I thought perhaps I might 
contribute something of interest, as I can remember back as far 
as 1836. My grand-father, Elisha Moses, came to Mt. Morris 
in 1815, and bought the Miller farm south of Buck Run, which 
"was so named by the Indians as it was a favorite place for the 
deer to run. I well remember Indians living on the flats down 
by the Cashaqua creek. They used to stop at grandfather's, 
going to and from the callage, to get a drink of water from the 
old well in the front yard. Grandmother often gave them a 
pan of milk and let me carry out some bread to them. They 
brought me bright red berries strung together to wear around 
my neck ; and to-day I have no fear of an Indian and I always 
speak to them when I meet them. "Where they lived are now 
all good farms. 

I well remember when Dr. Childs lived where the the Misses 
McNair now live. They set out maple trees from Buck Run to 
the Case road which have all died excepting those in front of 
the house. There were no houses from there to Edgar Camp's, 
a yellow house, now standing near the railroad track, back of O. 
D. Lake's. Next came Mr. Percival's house where Mr. Ozro 
Clark now lives, the upright part being their home, where 
boarded the two Rogers brothers, New Yorkers, who Avere the 
means of having John R. Murray, Mr. Oliphant and Mr. Ogden, 
all wealthy men, come to Mt. Morris, and buy real estate 
and in many ways help the town. The next was a little 
brown house where Stephen Summers lived, about where 
Charles Bingham afterward lived. Then came the little red 
house where Mrs. Hopkins lived, from whom the street takes 


its name. I think it stood just back of where Mr. Swan after- 
ward lived. The next house was Mr. Hinman's on the corner 
of Main and Murray streets. There were no houses on the 
other side of the street except one occupied by Mr. Bakhvin. 
On the corner was the Eagle Hotel, kept by Eiley Scoville, 
father of the present genial landlord. It was rented a short 
time to a Mr. Green, but he did not understand hotel keeping 
as well as Mr. Scoville, who took it back again. On the oppo- 
site corner D. A. Miller kept a dry goods store; a little above 
was Mr. Roger's dry goods store, these two being the only dry 
goods stores in town. 

I can remember when there were no churches — all met in a 
school house vrhich stood where the Dr. Povall house now 
stands — the Presbyterians would have it one Sunday and the 
Methodists the next ; when the Episcopalians commenced they 
had it in the afternoon. 

I remember when Mrs. Mason lived where Norman A. Sey- 
mour now lives, she had part of the house and Jesse Peterson 
part. Mrs. Mason had many boarders, ladies who attended 
Miss Aurelia Moses' and Miss Mary B. Allen's school, among 
them was Judge Carrol's and Dr. Fitzhugh's daughters. 

I don't remember any houses on Murray street but H. P. 
Mills', where Henry W. Miller's now is. Up the street farther 
lived Eli Lake. "Where the Catholic church now stands was 
Deacon Conkey's wagon shop. I remember Judge Hastings, 
Mr. Barney and Mr. Coy, the latter kept the only shoe store 
here, and Mr. George Green who went hunting up Buck Pun 
with his hounds and often called at my grandfather's. 




I thanlc you for the iii\'itation to attend the Centennial Cele- 
bration of Mount Morris, to be held August 15th, It would 
afford me the greatest pleasure to accept it, having been a resi- 
dent of the ^^llage, and identified with all its interests for nearly 
three score years, but I must decline with great regret. It will 
be a pleasant and memorable occasion, many t)ld residents Avill 
meet again, and recall the days of "Auld Lang Syne." 

My business life was passed in Mt. Morris. ' My feUow citi- 
zens favored me with various olFices which I ever tried to fill hon- 
ably and satisfactorily to my constituents. As I turn the pages 
of memory's book back to my early days, my pen falters as I 
note the once familiar forms that filled the pleasant homes, and 
trod the quiet walks of life in Mt. Morris. 

How vividly I recall my first entrance within its precincts, in 
the year 1833, then a young man about eighteen years old. 
Much is said of the progressive spirit of the present day, but I 
felt progressive at that day as I came from Dansville with all 
my worldly goods, including a second-hand printing press that 
had formerly done duty for the "Albany Argus," prepared to 
do my best in helping on the march of civilization in the young 
village. As we, a driver, loaded wagon and myself, reached the 
village at evening, I called at the house of Widow Hopkins to 
inquire the distance to Mt. Morris. The old lady came to the 
door and replied, "why, you are in Mt. Morris now, only a 
short distance to the tavern. ' ' "We drove on to a small tavern 
(as it was called in those days), that stood where the "Wallace 
House now stands, kept by John Percival, where I found good 
accommodations for 82.00 a week. Directly opposite was 


"Mechanics Hall," here I rented a room and on the 4th day of 
January, 1834, issued the first number of the "Mount Morris 
Spectator," the Pioneer ne\vspaper of the village of Mt. Morris. 
I will take a stroll through Main street as I remember it sixty 
years ago, starting where the Genesee House now stands, at a 
tavern kept by Mrs. Thomson, her son Bartel, being clerk; 
farther south Ezra Kinne had a cabinet shop ; back from the 
street was the office and residence of Dr. Hiram Hunt, whose 
widow,'over four score years of age, still lives with her daughter, 
Mrs. Royce, in Beloit, Wisconsin, and is as cheerful and enter- 
taining as in those days. Here is the dry goods store of James 
H. Rogers & Co., where Wheeler Hinman was clerk; then we 
come to the tavern kept by Mr. Percival ; next was the dry 
goods store of Lake & Canfield, Wells Lake, clerk ; then comes the 
little tailor shop of George A. Green, the JSTimrod of the village. 
In the lot where the Stout homestead now is, Benj. Campbell, 
who ran the grist-mill on the race, resided. The brothers 
Shubal and Abisha Green occupied the house now owned by Dr. 
Wells ; just south was the low house of Esquire Spencer ; back 
from the street, at the south end of the village, stood the house 
of John Sloat, who, in company with A. Keith, had a store on 
Main street. Yv^e now cross to the west side, and where Ozro 
Clark resides was the home of Dr. Camp ; then comes the log 
house of Stephen Summers, and the red frame house of Widow 
Hopkins. Hopkins street was a large wheat field. W. H. 
Whitney had a store near the Walker Hinman homestead; 
crossing Murray street we pass the carpenter shop of Capt. 
Bailey, and residence now occupied by his daughter, Edna ; next 
was the residence of Col. , R. Sleeper, and store, where Lucius 
Bingham was clerk ; we pass on to Mechanics Hall, and in this 
mart of trade we find a carpenter shop, Esquire Spencer's 
grocery, I. Thurston's harness shop. Deacon Woodford's shoe 


store, where Lorin Coy and Harlow Euggies were employed 
many years, the "Spectator" office, and several other depart- 
ments. The same locations seem to be perpetuated as hotels. 
for where "mine host" of the Eagle now greets the public, was 
then a hotel kept by his father, Eiley Scoville. Crossing Chapel 
street we arrive at David A. Miller's store and post office. Tot- 
ten's store and other structures. On State street, near where 
the residence of J. B. Bacon stands, was the house of Abner 
Dean, and his store, the best brick building in town. The first 
home of Gen. Mills stood near where the house of your esteemed 
speaker for this occasion now stands, and was a prominent land 

In the early days of the "Spectator," Eugene Hunt, nephew 
of Dr. Hunt, was employed in the office for several years. He 
left and took a position in the Citizens Bank, New York, which 
he held over forty years, so faithfully performing his duties, that 
now, crippled by an accident, he receives a pension from the 
bank, and resides with family friends in a pleasant suburban 
home near this city. 

Judge Hastings was our only lawyer at that time. R. P. 
AVisner came later. 

Misses Flavia and Aurelia Moses were school teachers that 
two generations well remember. 

The only church edifices were the Methodist, on Chapel street, 
and the Presbyterian, on state street. 

Of the early settlers I met on the streets, I recall Gen. Mills, 
Dr. Bingham, Elder Lake, O. D. Lake, Dea. Jesse Stanley, 
Dea. Alvah Beach, James. H. McNair, Mr. Moses, Russel Shel- 
don, Mr. Case, "Wm. Begole, Jacob Chilson, Dea. Reuben 
Weeks, H. H. Gladding, Geo. W. Barney, Grice Holland, 
Adam Holtslander, Yint. Cothrell, A. Arnold, Halsey and 
Alfred Hubbard, Dr. Childs, H. Skillin, Dea. James Conkey. 


Nearly all have gone to their last homes but their descend- 
ants are scattered over our whole country. Alfred Hubbard's 
two daughters — Mrs. Lucina Telle and Mrs. Cornelia Phelps — 
reside in a pleasant home in this city. 

As years passed by we had pleasant business and official rela- 
tions with many who came later. 

John R. Murray who came at an early day, and laid out and 
decorated the beautiful grounds and built a fine house, since 
burned, on Murray Hill, was a kind and generous gentleman, 
unostentatiously helping the poor, and with his wealth doing 
much to promote the prosperity of the village. The Episcopal 
church is a memorial of his liberality, and in the grounds he, 
with his estimable wife "sleep their last sleep." 

We are indebted to his father for the water-power below the 
village, and a fine grist mill for many years in charge of Dea. 
M. Allen and his son-in-law, Robert E. Weeks. We recall the 
patriarchal figure of Dea. Allen as one who ever seemed to bring 
a blessing. 

Norman Seymour ^va,s a well know citizen, remarkably genial, 
kird and intelligent. He was regarded as authority in historical 
matters. Dr. Parsons, in his funeral sermon, speaks of him as 
writer and speaker, gaining reputation at home and abroad. He 
died in 1892. 

One jovial, familiar form on our streets was Farmer Abel, as 
he said of himself "was born and bred a Presbyterian, but in 
his daily walk and conversation was an Episcopalian." He was 
well known as a politician throughout the State. 

McNeil Seymour, one of our best read lawyers, was a worthy 
member of the State Legislature, and an efficient representative 
of his town, in the county board. 

Abraham Wigg, a very popular and worthy citizen, did much 
for the growth of the village. I recollect one peculiarity of 


bis, which was that he always carried his business papers in 
his hat. 

Jared P. Dodge was another able representative in the 
count}" board for a number of years. With such supervisors as 
Se^nnour, AVigg and Dodge the interests of the town at the 
county seat were closely guarded. 

There are many others in my thoughts, that I Vv'ould recall 
to you, who have borne their parts in life well and honorably, 
but time and space will not permit. There was Dr. Ames, Dr. 
Joslyn, John P. Gale, Geo. S. Whitney, Augustus Conkey, 
Samuel Seymour, David Sutphen, Arch. McArthur, Rev. W. A. 
Runner, Dea. E. M. Winegar, James B. Bacon Sylvester Rich- 
mond, H. E. Brown, Dr. G. W. Branch, and Thos. J. Gamble, 
well known as an attorney and magistrate. 

Myself and wife left Mt. Morris about four years ago, coming 
here where our daughters, Mrs. Kate Taylor, and Mrs. Mary 
H. Rogers reside, leaving our sons, William and Frederic, fol- 
lowing the trade of their father, at Rochester, and Charles at 
the old "Mt. Morris Book Store." 

My next birthday I shall have attained the age of four score 
years, but the flight of time seems to have dealt kindly mth me, 
as I am still able to tend my little garden and travel about the 
streets of this bustling, hurrying city, enjoying much that is 
new and interesting. 



Though the world is full of books, and if all things were to 
be written, there would not be room enough to contain them, 


still I know that there will be a welcome for the forth-coming 
History of Mount Morris. 

The work that you and Dr. Parsons are doing in compiling 
the book is but another of the many free will offerings which 
you have made to your home village. 

Why should not the story of many things in the past, as well 
as present of Mt. Morris, be preserved in the printed page? 

It is beautiful for situation, with the mountains round about, 
and the river flowing by it ; so fertile is the valley that the 
harvest never fails ; I have long loved to think of it as a ' 'Happy 

Then, too, men and women have lived in Mt. Morris who 
have made their lives sublime by doing the work just at their 
hands, and doing it so faithfully. I think of their self sacrifice 
for the good of the village, for the good of schools, and of the 
people generally, and I see an almost perfect exemplification of 
self-surrender; and of a long list of names I would write: 
"Loving, working praying, giving." 

But they have not all gone hence who have lived for others. 
I love to think of Dr. Parsons as still helping the Mt. Morris 
people, as they make their faith chapter, their "eleventh of 
Hebrews." All these forty years he has not belonged to one 
church or one set of people. Starting with "minus self" he 
has known how to help make equations in public affairs and 
how to help solve them. But aside from his wisdom and inter- 
est in all that pertains to good citizenship, he has held and 
moved the people by something deeper and more lasting than 
all worldly interests. By his tender sympathy with those in 
trouble, he has become priest and friend. He has been able to 
so represent the Lord whom he serves, that he has taught the 
people, even in these times of great sorrow, that "when the 
burnt offering began, the song of the Lord began also," and that 


above and out out of it all, they can "sing praises with glad- 
ness," "and bow their heads and worship." And man}" ask, 
who will bury our dead, when Dr. Parsons is not here? Though 
he has gone up and doAvn the streets, a familiar friend and 
figure to all, of him it can be written : "The light that shines 
brightest at home, shines farthest out," and so his counsel is 
sought as trustee of college and of Divinity school, and he has 
crossed the ocean to. sit in General Assembly, but when he came 
back it was to watch his village flock as tenderly as though he 
had no other care. 

So the new book would be very incomplete to me with no 
notice of Dr. Parsons' work. I do not see why we should wait 
until after our friends die to talk over the good they do. You 
remember the story of Burns' mother, do j^ou not? when some 
one took her to see the monument raised to her son's memory, 
and she, remembering how in his life he had wanted bread, 
said : "He asked for bread and ye gie him a stein." 

If Mt. Morris has sometimes been said to have been a noted 
place for things to happen, it has been because so many of the 
people have been such positive characters, and of such intense 

The busy people, and not the men and women of leisure, have 
thus far made the history of Mt. Morris ; what its future will be 
remains for the younger people to say. I often Avonder, with 
their rich legacy and golden opportunities, what they are going 
to make of themselves, and thereby what of their village? 

From inspiration received in Mt. Morris, men and women all 
over the world are doing their part in the world's work. A 
certain number in the old times "staid by the stuff," but they 
just as truly need to be faithful to their trust. 

The city on the hill, the city of the dead, does not hold our 
loved ones ; the shrine is there, but they serve in a happier 


valley, while the influence of their lives still remains in the vil- 
lage, and reaches far out beyond it. 

The future history of our much loved village surely depends 
upon the spii'it that is in the people now. 



I am in receipt of your cordial invitation to attend the cele- 
bration of the 100th anniversary of the settlement of Mount 
Morris, on Wednesday, August 15th. 

I am very grateful for your kind consideration and deem my- 
self very unfortunate in not being able to meet and rejoice with 
you. I can imagine the "glow of happiness" that will be felt 
when you meet and "grasp the hands" of friends and neighbors 
who return after long years of absence to join with you in the 
happy reunion. May all your anticipations be fuUy realized. 
May it be a day of great joy and happiness to all. 

Mount Morris — the place of my birth ; the home of my child- 
hood ; the sacred spot where my kindred lie — wiU always be 
loved and venerated by me. 



"We desire to acknowledge your kind remembrance of us in 
the invitation to attend the Mt, Morris Centennial Celebration. 


"We very much regret not being able to attend, for the old 
home will always be lovingly remembered by us. 

We feel sure the exercises will be interesting, especiall}^ the 
ball game. 

Would you not be pleased to have us in your collection of 
antiquities, for Ave are all growing old? 

On August 15th our thoughts will be often with you. 

[Mr. A. S. Martindale, who was a resident of Mt. Morris for 
many years, has reached the advanced age of 87 years.] 



I compromised myself somewhat in saying that I would pos- 
sibly give you some reminiscences of my early life at Mt. Morris. 

I was born in April, 1826, in Oneida Co. When I was a bo}'' 
about seven years of age my father went to Mt. Morris, and 
went to work for Deacon Conkey, one of the best and purest 
souls that ever lived. As I was about seven years old at this 
time I must have gone to Mt. Morris in 1S33. Things at that 
time were pretty rough there. The public school house, which 
was situated, I think, near where the Episcopal church is to-day, 
was a very long school house with a big fire place in each end ; 
half of the building was for the girls and the other half for the 
boys. I have personally seen the boys go out of the school 
house, being sent out to obtain fire wood, and rip the clapboards 
right olf the building ; they made it a rule to clean out every 
teacher who took the school. They finally had a butcher who 
lived up near the Baptist church, about four miles west ; he was 


a short, thick set, muscular fellow vv^eighing about two hundred 
pounds. I have seen him come into the village Monday morn- 
ing with a bundle of hickory withes over his shoulder, which he 
ran through the fire to make them more elastic, and they had it 
hot and tight ; inkstands and various other things were used in 
the fight, so that the girls were glad to get out, but this butcher 
held the fort. 

My father and mother thought I had better be sent back to 
Oneida county to my grandfather and go to school there, so I 
went back and stayed there two years and attended school, with 
various experiences. They had two great farms and were splen- 
did livers, but they had also a grind stone where they thought 
a boy like myself could develop his muscles, and an old mare to 
ride and piovf corn, etc. , etc. 

After two years I returned to Mt. Morris. Among the prin- 
cipal people that I remember at that time who were residents of 
Mt. Morris, are John Yernam, Plenry Swan, David A. Miller, 
Hu-am P. Mills, Hugh Harding (publisher of the village paper, 
the Union, which I have taken for fifty-one years), Eeuben 
Sleeper, and one Mr. Rogers, who, I think, kept a hardware 
store, Xorman Seymour, Jas. R. Bond, Dr. Charles Bingham, 
who was the father of Charles L. and Lucius C, Lester 
Phelps, George Hastings, Gen. Mills, father of the present Dr. 
Mills, Loren Coy, Geo. W. Barney, the hatter (called Brother 
Barney), George Green, the tailor, Deacon Conkey, George 
Whitney, Dr. Thomas, Eev. E. Mason, the Pendletons (one of the 
sons was considered handsomer than any lady), Mr. Beach, who 
kept the hotel on the corner of Main street. Uncle Riley Scoville, 
of the Scoville House, and I can not remember who was the 
proprietor of the other. Then there was Harl Ruggies, a 
man by the name of Marsh in the trunk business, one of the 
Mosleys kept an oyster saloon, and J. B. Bacon a grocery store, 


Mr. AVisncr, who was then quite a prominent lawyer, the Stan- 
leys, who lived a little west, Nic. Lake, Shed Holland the 
blacksmith, John R. Murray, one of the most refined men that 
was ever in "U'estern Xew York, the Thompsons, Philo and 
AYilliam, Mershons and Stilwells. All these men had peculiar- 
ities. Reuben Sleeper was a great authority in regard to coun- 
terfeit money ; his judgment was considered the end of the law 
so far as our village was concerned. I well remember Dr. 
Bingham and his sons,Lucius and Charles,and several daughters. 
Charlie Bingham was the best friend I ever had in my life ; we 
were boys together. The old Dr. was shrewd and a bright, 
genial man; he knew how to manage boj^s A jSTo. 1. Some- 
where over the river he had some land which he cultivated. I 
remember well when Charlie and myself went over with him ; 
he would tell us a Baron Munchausen story where a man tired a 
gun and the ramrod went through the river strung with so many 
fish, and killed so many deer, and various other things, and 
finally struck a bee tree that was thoroughly loaded with honey, 
etc. Then he would say to us cubs, "when these potatoes are 
all picked up I will tell you another," and the potatoes were 
picked up pretty rapidly. His wife, Mrs. Bingham, was the 
aunt of Governor Bulkley, of our state, and Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor Bulkley, and they both spoke of her with the highest 
regard as Aunt Bingham. John Vernam was a splendid man, 
whole-souled, and I have been told that his generosity and win- 
ning ways converted the 3^oung men of the town from Whigs to 
Democrats. Henry Swan — no nobler man to me ever lived on 
the face of this earth. When I was a boy he requested me to 
go with him as clerk, and I did so quite young. After sta}'ing 
a year and a half I felt that I should go to school more. I told 
him candidly about it ; he said he was sorry to have me leave 
him, but he felt that I was correct. The next year and a half 


from that time I did not do anything but dig to get the best 
preliminary education I could. 

As soon as I got to the point where I was willing to take 
another boy's place, David A. Miller & Sons wished me to come 
with them. The old man, David A. Miller, was a splendid 
specimen of a Yirginia gentleman. I have listened to him many 
a time when he gave a description of running the line for the 
United States government between Louisana and Texas — a 
straight line clear through swamps and everything else — which 
took a good many months. I boarded with his son Henry, who 
married, I think, a Miss Townsend, of Bath. She was a very 
refined lady. I slept in the store with David ; he was a bright, 
smart fellow. The history of these gentlemen you know prob- 
ably better than I do. 

My school experiences after I returned from Oneida county 
were various. I went to school on Main street, kept by a man 
named Skidmore ; he was a very nice teacher. Yint Cothrell 
was about six feet high and very large for his age. The teacher 
could not make him learn his A B C's. Yint would lie down 
on the bench and take a good nap ; but Skidmore was a good 
fellow. Then I went to a private school kept by a gentleman 
named Spencer lower down the street. This Mr. Spencer after- 
wards became a clergyman and quite prominent in Utica. I 
think he married a Hopkins ; Hopkins street, at any rate, was 
named after the Hopkins family. 

By this time they had bulit a very fine public school house and 
one R. F. Hawes was called to teach. He was a perfect enthu- 
siast. He boarded with my father and mother and he and I 
had a room together. He was so full of mathematics you could 
not help getting good instruction, not only in school hours but 
at home, and when we went to our room. This Mr. Hawes 
was a member of the Presbyterian church, and a fine gentle- 


man. I suppose no one stood higher than he did in Mount 
Morris. There was a private school a little "west of the Pres- 
byterian church taught by a man named "Wright. It had a 
tower and a bell, and that bell used to ring about five or ten 
minutes before nine o'clock every mornin*?. One mornins: it 
was discovered located on an out-house of the public school. Our 
Mr. Wright was terribly exasperated, and Mr. Ilawes appar- 
ently more so. He called up every scholar in the school and 
made him hold up his hands and affirm that he knew nothing 
about it. There was a gangway down the street that ran 
from Deacon Conkey's shop to where Mr. Rogers lived. 
In this gangAvay was an old cannon. It went off one night and 
broke pretty nearly all the windows in the neighborhood, so 
much so that the ^dllage authorities offered quite a reward, for 
those times, to find out who the culprit was. After several 
years this Mr. Ilawes was in ISTew York as chief clerk in the 
commissary department in the war. President Lincoln pro- 
claimed a Fast Day ; Ilawes thought he would take a little rest, 
so he took the steamer up to I^ew Haven. He remembered 
that I lived in Hartford and came up and spent the afternoon 
with me. He referred to those two operations of the bell and 
cannon, and said he and another young man moved the bell, and 
he and another young man loaded the cannon ; they put a fuse 
in it which they calculated Avould last about fifteen minutes, and 
when the cannon went off they were eating oysters in Mosley's 
saloon. He opened up a good many other things which had 
been mysteries. My wife and I never enjoyed a visit more than 
we did from him ; the poor fellow has gone over the river. 

Piley Scoville kept the Eagle Tavern, and always had a great 
wood fire in the winter. In some way I was one of the boys he 
would let in on the outskirts of the crowd to listen to old Luther 
C. Peck, the lawyer of Nunda. He, Scoville, had a son that 


Tve called "Old Gent." This son had a tame bear, sent him 
from Michigan which he put in one of the stalls, and we boys 
were in the habit of visiting this cub of a bear. At my last 
visit I was glad to get out with nothing left on me but my shirt 
and not much of that ; the fellow had got a little cross. His 
other sons you know all about. I understand that one of them 
is one of the most popular hotel men in the valley. There were 
the Mershons who have really gone out of my sight, I did not 
know much about them only by hearsay for several years after- 
wards. Mr. Phelps, before spoken of, had a son we all called 
Ben. He was a big, good-hearted fellow, but not looked upon 
in Mt. Morris as anything wonderful ; I think he clerked in a 
hardware store. He finally developed into one of the smartest 
railroad contractors in the country, and it is said he made a very 
large fortune. I have met him several times in Xew York ; at 
that time he Avas living in "Watertown. I have always felt that 
if x\be Yernam had lived he would have made quite a mark. 
John you know all about. With us boys he was like a great 
Newfoundland dog ; he would do anything for us and a great 
man}^ times too much. I think F. C. Mills Avas chief engineer 
of the Genesee Yalley canal. When the contracts Avere let I 
was clerk for Henry Swan, and he got quite a section and sub- 
let it, and I assume that it was profitable, and my idea is that 
Hiram P. Mills, John Yernam and others Avere in the same line, 
but I do not remember particularly about it. We boys looked 
upon Bill Acker, and his splendid four-horse team, which he 
drove to Geneseo and back tAA^ice a day, as the biggest man in 
the place, but when the canal was finished and the packet boats 
on, the Captain of a packet boat with his three horses, ranked 
away up in the estimation of the young men. John K. Murray 
I looked upon as one of the most refined gentlemen I ever knew. 
I have understood that he made everybody wall off but himself. 

74 MOUNT MOKRis cp:ntenary. 

I had the pleasure of seeing him here in Hartford once or 
twice in my early life, Norman Seymour was a nervous, ener- 
getic, pure, clean merchant. I have the impression that he sized 
me up once to have me go with him, hut he made up his mind 
I had not sulficient brains to iill the bill. You all know about 
Lorin Coy and liis bass viol in the choir, and also that when the 
minister was absent at the Presbyterian church, Geo. Hastings 
read a sermon. 

To leave the ^^llage for a moment, there was Dr. Fitzhugh, 
who lived some three or four miles south. I think, in my day, 
he was looked upon as one of the most refined, kindly gentle- 
men that ever came into the village. There was Judge Carroll, 
and then when you went further there Avere the Cuylers, Wil- 
merdings and Clutes. 

At the foot of the green resided Col. Hosford, whose daughter 
married a cousin of mine, James S. Tryon, at that time of 
Rochester ; he afterwards was called to the head of the First 
National Bank in Hartford, and Mrs. Tryon and myself have 
spent a great many hours in talking up the old history of Mt. 
Morris. Her brother became an eminent professor of Harvard 
and died leaving a very large estate. Mr. Tryon' s son is one of 
the head men in the laboratory now. Mrs. Tryon passed over 
the river quite a number of years ago. 

Hugh Harding apparently thought quite well of me. I know 
a large stock of paper came to Mt. Morris to be sold at auction. 
Harding gave me the pointers to make certain bids and I made 
quite a little purchase for him. Then there was AVallace, the 
jeweler. I do not Icnow of any one who did not like him. In 
the back room of his store I was pennitted to look on and see 
him play euchre. I got the whole theory of the game by seeing 
"Wallace and his friends play. When I came east nothing was 
spoken of euchre, but in a fcAv years it spread all over New 


England and Avas considered one of the finest games of cards, 
outside of whist, until they introduced the blank card in euchre 
and called for your partner's best. 

There is one very pleasant thought that I wish to speak of 
particularly, that is Walker Ilinman. From a boy to my last 
visit to Mt. Morris several years ago, his garden was the finest 
that I saw in the whole country. I used to delight to stop and 
have a chat with him. Dr. Thomas, our old family physician, 
carried me through several severe fits of sickness, and how sad 
it was to me when his ejes were shot out. Then there was 
Eli Lake, who lived next to my father on Hopkins street; 
he married a Mrs. Mather, of Avon, for his second wife. By 
the second marriage they had two children, a son and daughter. 
The son died and the daughter became the wife of my brother 

Without being personally conversant with the matter, it 
seems to me that in Mr. Howland you have a great acquisition 
for the Genesee Valley. I know a great deal of him, through 
others who do know him, and he is spoken of in the highest 
terms, and I judge from what is published in the village paper 
that you appreciate him. In one of the magazines some time 
ago, illustrating- a fox hunt, I read the article with intense inter- 
est, but when it came to a cut or picture representing a horse 
going through the Canaseraga creek not over his fetlocks, I had 
to lay down the magazine and have a good laugh. I said to 
myself that the creek had filled up wonderfully ; that in my 
day he would have had to go a long way around or taken from 
ten to fifteen feet of mud and water. At the same time artists 
are permitted to take liberties as long as they can give a good 
idea of a thing. 

Hiram P. Mills' son, William, was a very special friend of 
mine. I have called frequently at the college at Schenectady 


to see him. I bad it in my heart that he was going to make a 
prominent man, but he died suddenly. His brothers have faded 
out of my memory, just as the Swan boys have, except William. 
Col. llurlburt was the leading constable and a ver}^ active man. 

"When David A. Miller & Sons sold out their business to a 
party in Eochester, I was determined to come east. My father's 
family were all from the east, Hartford, and my mother's from 
Wethersfield. Almost all of the other boys were determined to 
go west. There was Felix Higgins, I have heard that he did 
very well in Michigan. Young Julius Eunyan went to Indiana 
and engaged in business. "When I take up the village paper I 
see no names in it that I can recognize, except they may be the 
descendants of some of the old people. The articles the Union 
is publishing in regard to Mary Jemison, the old white woman, 
have been intensely interesting to me, for, when I was a boy, 
the old people had a great deal to say about the old white 
woman who lived on Squawkie Hill. I never saw her to my 

Of course when we boys did not go to the Presbyterian 
church, we occasionally drove to the Shakers and attended 
morning meeting. Most people naturally think that seeing 
them in their dance would be very amusing. I have been there 
when there were over two hundred spectators. It was very 
interesting and quite solemn. I never heard a disturbance while 
I was there. 

One other thing I would like to say. In October, IS-iO, they 
were having a great "Tippeconoe and Tyler Too" barbecue at 
Dansville. I should think that the farm teams that went 
through your village from different places on the way to Dans- 
ville were over an hour in passing, loaded with everything you 
could think of. One banner said, "82.00 a day and roast beef." 
Henry Swan, John Yernam, David A. Miller and I were stand- 


ing on what was called Miller's corner, and they united in say- 
ing what a humbug, the day would never come when the 
mechanic would receive §2.00 a day. My father at that time 
had rather a large wagon and paint shop, etc. , and the highest 
price he paid any man was $1.00 a day. 

The man who had a pottery up on the hill interested himself 
to inaugurate a brass band in our village. I was elected to play 
the second bugle. After having a teacher from Rochester for a 
good while we started out. I was soon informed that if I would 
resign it would be very acceptable. I did so and never regret- 
ted it. There was Arch Mc Arthur, and if I remember right he 
was always way up in band music. The same Mr. Hawes, the 
school teacher, played the trombone and he pretty nearly broke 
up the whole neighborhood ; you would think it was a death 
struggle going on. 

In 1843, about the first of September, my father who had 
been to Hartford, obtained a situation for me and I landed in 
Hartford, Saturday p. m., the 4th day of September, 1843, on 
a stern wheel steamer. I took the night packet to Rochester 
and from there the train to Albany. They advertised from 
Buffalo to Albany in twenty-five hours. From Albany to 
Springfield we had what was then called the T rail, and there 
took a small stern wheel steamer on the Connecticut river to 
Hartford. It has been remarked by some how lucky I have 
been. My luck consisted in taking off my coat and knowing 
nothing in regard to anything else but the business of the con- 
cern, vvdth which I was connected from six o'clock in the morn- 
ing to ten or eleven at night, but my country store education 
was a wonderful advantage to me. After a while the firm kept 
me looking after matters in the west. It seems like a dream, 
but I went to Cleveland, Ohio, before there was a railroad. I 
used to take a packet from there to Akron, and hire a team and 


travel all over the state. I "went to Chicago before there was a 
railroad, going from Detroit to New Buffalo and there taking 
a steamer to Chicago. 

After I got my feet firmly fastened here in Hartford I suc- 
ceeded in getting a situation for my brother Charles and sent 
for him. He was with us eleven years. He went to Detroit and 
made quite a success there. After his death his property was 
thoroughly wrecked, but nevertheless, there is no one in Detroit 
but that respects his memory to-day, and he left his family in 
very comfortable circumstances. Next I got my brother Henry 
east. After being in Hartford for three years he went to Provi- 
dence and I do not think there is any citizen of Providence more 
respected than he. He has been on the board of Aldermen a 
great number of times, has been fish commissioner for some 
twenty years, and is now a member of the legislature and chair- 
man of some of the most important committees. 

When my mother died we had not a relative in Western New 
York ; so I brought her here and laid her in my own private lot. 
My father came east and made his home mainly with my brother 
Henry in Providence. "When he was 86 years of age he went 
to sleep, so to speak, and was laid beside my mother. Of 
course when I was a chap we were very poor, but I do not 
know any happier days in my life than when we all snugged up 
and lived in a cheap rent, I think some §50 to $60 a year. The 
only debt that ever anno3'ed me to pay was when we boj's went 
skating on the canal, we got up to what is called the half way 
house to Dansville, about 7 miles. My brother Henry who was 
four years younger than m^'self came to me sa^'ing he was 
hungry. ]\Iost of the boys had walked on their skates to this 
tavern and were having pie and cheese. I borrowed of an ap- 
prentice in a store 25 cents. For two or three months I dodged 
that apprentice, for I could not see how I conld raise the money 


to pay the debt as I was then going to school. I finally went 
to my father and told him the whole circumstance and he gave 
me 25 cents and I paid the debt. I have often told this to my 

My life here in Hartford has been on the whole a pleasant 
one, and I have had as much recognition as I deserve and prob- 
ably more. My wife died after we had been married forty- 
three years. Some years our concern has made money and 
others it has been rapidly the other way, but on the whole I 
would not want to live it over again. I have no doubt left out 
a great number of your people in Mt. Morris in this reminiscence 
to you, but as I am not well, and have to do this all, as it were, 
in a very short time, dictating it to my amanuensis and type- 
writer, you will excuse me. 

Well, I must stop. God bless Mt. Morris, my boyhood home, 
and all its present good people. 


About the year 1845, a friendship was formed between two 
boys in our Union school, under that noted teacher H. G. 
Winslow, which has proved both lasting and fruitful of good 
works. The names Allen and Barnum have long been pleasantly 
associated here by all who love the work of Foreign Missions. 

Orson P. Allen was the son of Deacon Morsena Allen, who 
came with his famil}' to this village in 1834. He was noted as 
a good man, and especially as a man of prayer ; and up to his 
death in 1861, was regarded as one of the pillars of the Pres- 
byterian church. 

Herman 'N. Barnum was the son of Deacon Daniel Barnum 


who for about fifty years was one of the leading members of 
the Presbyterian church of Moscow, N. Y. 

These two boys after a three years preliminar}^ course here, 
pursued their collegiate course at Amherst and their theological 
course at Andover. 

In the 3^ear 1S55, they were ordained in the Presbyterian 
church in this village, of which they were members, the one as 
a foreign and the other as a home missionary. 

Mr. Allen soon sailed for Harpoot, Turkey, which has ever 
since been his home. Mr. Bamum, a.fter laboring about two 
years among the destitute churches of Vennont, went to Ger- 
many for his health, and then continued his trip to Turkey to 
visit his friend Allen. This visit resulted in his being associated 
with Mr. Allen thereat Harpoot for more than thirty-five 3'-ears, 
in what has proved to be one of the most successful missionary 
stations, and the two are still laboring there with a good 
promise for the future. 

We are happy to give their letters as follows : 



Yours to Herman and myself, of July 17th, reached us last 
week. It is too near the time of the Centennial you speak of to 
reach it by letter, so that my reminiscences will not play a part 
in the celebration you propose. It would indeed be a great 
treat to me to be there to listen to all the narratives given in re- 
gard to the place where my youthful days were spent. My 
recollections of Mt. Morris extend back 60 years of the century 
past. My father removed from Smyrna, Chenango Co. , to Mt. 
Morris in 1834. 

"When I went to Mt. Morris, it was then a thriving village. 
The dam in the river had been built which sent the water down 


the mill race to Mr. John R. Murray's old mill, where I worked 
with my father for some years before going away to college. 
Gen. Mills was one of the prominent men in the village at that 
time . I well remember the large log house near the site of the 
present brick one, where the General had his home in the early 
years of the village. If I remember rightly there was only one 
other log house in the village, that of Mr. Baldwin, near the 
corner where Deacon "Woodford lived. 

The building and opening of the Genesee Yalley canal was an 
era in the history of Mt. Morris. General Mills was a promi- 
nent man in the celebration, which took place when the first 
boats came iip from Rochester. 

The boys of the town used to reckon the days of military 
muster, or "general training," as the greatest of the year, 
when men from all the country around came in early in the day 
"armed and equipped, as the law directs," with flags flying and 
drums beating. But with no enemies to fight, the martial 
spirit of Mt. Morris declined, till finally no man could be in- 
duced to come to the show. The last I remember of these 
"general training" days only one solitary ofiicer. Col. W. A. 
Mills, rode through Main street in military attire, but he did 
not find any men ready to fall into the ranks. Soon after this 
regular mfiitary companies were formed. 

Other great occasions for the boys were when a circus or a 
"caravan" as we used to call it, came to put up their big tents 
to show the wonderful feats of circus performers or to exhibit 
lions, bears, zebras, and other wonderful animals and birds. 

The "Fourth of July" also was a day of days with the boys 
of fifty years ago. I remember I had a great desire to own a 
cannon, so that I could do my share in celebrating the ' 'glorious 
Fourth. ' ' My first one was made from an old umbrella top. 
My next from the butt end of an old gun barrel. "With this I 


imagined I miglit have done considerable execution had an 
enemy been within striking distance. One day I loaded it 
heavily with powder and iron ball and pointed it at the old barn. 
Bang I went m}^ old cannon and burst the barrel, and the ball 
went through the barn and I know not how far beyond among 
the neighbors houses. I was much troubled and looked anxious- 
ly to see if the ball had hit anyone or done any other harm. I 
was greatly relieved when I heard no report of any one killed 
or damage done. It must have lodged somewhere between 
Eagle and Main streets and is no doubt there still. 

Ko doubt Dr, Mills in his Centennial address will give a 
prominent place to the schools of Mt. Morris. There was one 
school house built in the old fashioned style. It w^as situated 
between Chapel and Stanley streets, where now there are, or 
were, some law3"ers oiRces. After this a nice brick building was 
made near the old Methodist church. The school was taught 
by a Mr. Howe, whose teaching was a great advance on the 
old style of school teaching. 

There were also private select schools established. One of 
these was that of Mr. E". W. Benedict, in w^hich higher branches 
were taught than in the public district school. Many no doubt 
look to the delightful days of Mr. Benedict's school with grati- 
tude for the impulse given them for study. His school was first 
in a building on Chapel street, over a blacksmith shop, if I re- 
member rightly, then in the basement of the former Episco- 
pal, now I believe the Methodist church ; afterwards in Deacon 
Conkey's building on the corner opposite the church. After 
Mr. Benedict, Mr. H. G. "VVinslow, a graduate of Union College, 
established a select school in a brick building adjoining the 
house of Mr. Dean, near the old Presbyterian church. His 
school was deservedly popular and when the Union school 
building was put up, he was called to be the principal and served 


as such for several years. Many of the boys and gh'ls look 
back to the Union school days with great pleasure, from whence, 
under the instructions of Mr. Winslow and his assistants, Miss 
Bradley, (who became Mrs. Winslow) Miss Church, Miss AVood 
and others, they went forth to the work of life. 

In the roll of honor in Mt. Morris' history, the names of the 
teachers just mentioned should not be omitted. Parents and 
scholars realize in after years, if not at first, the value of faith- 
ful Christian teachers. 

Of the history of Mt. Morris for the past forty years I know 
only as I have heard from friends resident there. The record 
of Mt. Morris in the civil war of the Eebellion I have no doubt 
will have honorable mention in the centennial proceedings. 

Time would fail me to write of the companions of my boy- 
hood days. Some "have passed to that bourne from whence 
no traveler returns," a few still linger among the old scenes, 
and many are scattered in our own land or in foreign lands. 



I am not a native of Mount Morris, but of Leicester, five or 
six miles away. My father became surety for a man who failed, 
and who afterwards kept the toll gate at the river ; and the 
opportunity to secure, in the way of board, a part of the money 
lost, was what sent me, a stranger to everybody, to the Union 
school in Mount Morris. The times were hard for farmers, and 
the $300 paid as surety brought no Kttle distress upon the 
family, but for me it was a good Providence, for there the 
whole current of my life was changed. 

It was, I think, in the autumn of 1845 that I entered the 
school. It was a new school, but it had a large body of pupils 


under admirable control, and a rare corps of teachers, all ladies 
except Mr. Winslow, the principal, who was a model disciplin- 
arian. The grounds were bare, but in the spring, under Mr. 
Winslow's leadership, those of us who were large enough to 
work, planted trees, Avhich, when I saw them about six years 
ago, surprised me by their size. 

It was in Mount Morris, under the ministry of the Rev. Dr. 
Bulkley, that I became a member of the Presbyterian church, 
and it was through his encouragement that I ventured to under- 
take a college education with the ministry in view. So I have 
always looked to Mount Morris as my intellectual and spiritual 
birth place, and no place has had a larger hold upon my 



Tour invitation to be present at the celebration of the one 
hundreth Anniversary of the settlement of Mt. Morris would be 
accepted with pleasure were it possible for me to be there at 
the date mentioned. 

We Mt. Morris boys in the Great "West entertain a most af- 
fectionate feeling for the old banner town of the Genesee 
Valley, and a loyalty to it not surpassed by that toward our 
more recently established homes. 

One can hardly realize the part Mt. Morris, with its few 
thousand home population, has had in forming this vast "West- 
ern Empire. In an experience of more than sixteen years west 
of the Mississippi river, and including states and territories to 
the number of half a score, I have been constantly meeting 


' 'that man from Mt. Morris ' ' and in a large majority of cases, 
I have found him a man of worth and prominence. 

In the last twenty-four hours, in this small Arizona town, I 
have shaken hands with at least three men, who have the dis- 
tinction of having come from Mt. Morris, and have met a lady 
having the same proud distinction. The lady is Mrs. Thomas 
Hunter, her brother, Mr. Ben Maurer, has a responsible posi- 
tion here with the Southern Pacific Company. Another of the 
men mentioned is James Barrett, who is here with a shipment 
of ore from his mine in the Dragoon mountains. The third is 
George R. King, a leading merchant and postmaster, who has 
held the oince through four successive presidential administra- 
tions. His father was a merchant in Mt. Morris forty or fifty 
years ago. 

One of the leading lawyers of this territory, E. M. Sanford, 
came from the banks of Buck Run ; and one of Arizona's most 
successful business men is J. W. Eansom, whom I remember 
first in war times, as a member of the famous First N'ew York 
Dragoons, and later as a clerk for Mr. Lorin Coy ; so I could 
continue to a limit that might tax your patience to read. 

I sincerely hope that Mt. Morris may continue to develop 
and send forth the same types of sturdy American manhood for 
many centuries to come. 



It is now nearing the 15th of August, the date of the pro- 
posed Centennial of Mount Morris. "We had hoped that matters 
could be shaped so that we might enjoy that event with so 


many of the friends of our 3"outh as may be gathered there, but 
we are compelled to forego that pleasure. You know how we 
are situated in our family. Mother (Mrs. Davis), now in her 
94th year, needs the attention of one or both of us constantly, 
and she can't bear to have either of us leave home. 

No doubt you will have a day of enjoyment. These Centen- 
nials are days which few, very few, people have the pleasure of 
enjoying the second time. I would dearly love to exchange 
greetings with those who were my school-mates under the care 
of that excellent man and teacher, II. G. Winslow, who, by 
the way, has held a large place in the memory of the writer, 
and ever felt myself under the greatest obligation for the 
instruction I received from him. If he is now upon the earth 
he must be well up in years. 

I would be pleased to hear from any of my school fellows or 
companions, or to have their address. Please extend to any 
such as may be present my sincere regards and best wishes for 
their happiness in their remaining j'-ears, which, like my own, 
must be few. 



Your kind invitation to my brother and myself to attend the 
100th anniversary of the settlement of our native town, Mount 
Morris, is duly received. Please accept our thanks for your 
thoughtful remembrance, and our regrets that we cannot be 
present and join in the festivities of the 15th inst. 

I believe most heartily in these celebrations, which recall the 
past with its hardships, struggles and victories, making the 


present, which is our heritage, dearer and more sacred to us. 
The present generation needs to learn the lesson of duty and 
self-sacrifice and patriotism. ; and a look backward, and down 
along the line of our growth and advancement gives us a better 
idea of our relationship to our fellow men and to our country. 

Mount Morris is dear to me as the place of my birth and 
early life; and more than this as the scene of my father's (Dr. 
L. J. Ames,) activities, and as now the final resting place of 
both my parents. 

I can but think of what deep interest my father would take 
in this proposed celebration, for he would now be rounding out 
his half century of life among you. He was ever public-spirited, 
keenly alive to the prosperity, material, political, educational 
and religious, of the people among whom he lived. He had no 
small share in creating and maintaining public interest in good 
and worthy enterprises and institutions, always being actuated 
by pure and patriotic motives. 

May you have success in large measure, and fittingly celebrate 
this day so full of interest not alone to you who will be present, 
nor to us who are detained at a distance, but that certainly was 
fraught with the deepest interest to many of those who now 
sleep peacefully in our hillside resting place. 



My memory is quite fresh, as far back as 1822, my second 
year, previous to the marriage of Mr. Abner Dean and Colonel 
Sleeper, who had then the only store in the place, on the cor- 
ner of the James Bacon lot. The old school house used for all 




public meetings, stood on tiic line of the public green, between ' 
State and Chapel Sts. The present centre of business was then 
the village green, extending from the Mills' homestead, now 
owned by Mrs. Branch, to the Eagle Hotel, including the sur- , 
rounding streets. | 

The village green was the military parade ground for all the 
towns around and the annual general training with all its splen- 
did display and sham battles was held here, and the bugle calls, 
and inspiring sounds of martial music, the boom of cannon and 
the rattle of musketry resounded the hills around, and all the 
windows and doorways of advantageous view Avere tilled with 
women and girls, the boys of course in closer proximity, mostly 
aping the drill Avith broom sticks and mullen stalks. General 
"Wm. A. Mills was a most conspicuous figure on the old war 
horse of General "Winfield Scott. With the first strain of mar- 
tial music, forgetting his years, he was prancing and curvetting 
as if he bore the old brigadier again on the field of battle. Oh 
the splendor of the General, with his military cocked hat and 
waving plumes and gold laced regimentals, with glittering epau- 
letts, long flowing, crimson, silken scarf and the flashing sword 
and scabbard at his side, and when he waved the bright blade 
in his gauntleted hand, giving orders as he re^^ewed the fine 
platoons of glittering bayonets, he looked every inch a hero. 
On his fine staff were Col. Reuben Sleeper, Col. Walker, Hin- 
man, and other fine looking officers from adjoining towns, ar- 
rayed in all their military glory, on prancing steeds, flying 
hither and thither with the generals orders, the blare of trump- 
ets, the clash of many drums in the martial music, waving of 
man}^ fl^gs, the rush of cavalr}'" with big bear skin helmets, and 
the long lines of militia taking their drill, the quick step of 
Yankee Doodle, as they marched at noon to the banquet pre- 
pared by all the brick ovens in town and served on long tables 


under a spacious bower of the largest hostelry in town. It Avas 
glorious, and I used to choke up my eyes brimming Avith patriot- 
ic tears, as I wondered if there could be anything grander un- 
der the sun. 

Prospect Hill in those days was a steep, smooth cone, sloping 
down across the street to the lot below, then owned by Deacon 
Asa Woodford. My first visit was a truant one, climbing alone 
when not over two jears of age, and made a lasting impression 
upon my memory. The view from the top over the distant 
country was very extensive and for years afterwards it seemed 
as if I saw the whole world and Avas my first impression of the 
perspective, the houses looking so little and the people in the 
streets so diminutive, as if no larger than my biggest finger, an 
old pig Avith her brood of little ones, like a beetle AA^ith flies 
crawling along with her, and I clapped my hands at the funny 
sights, till my mother beloAV, who Avas searching, saw and came 
for me. It seems a pity that bold picturesque point should have 
been so obliterated by excavations. 

]My memory runs back before the abolition of slavery in the 
Northern states, when the CarroUs, Fitzhughs, Dr. Gale and 
the Miller family came from Maryland bringing their slaves, 
and those of Colonel Fitzhugh often came on errands to my 
fathers. Miss Bessie, afterAvards Mrs. Gerrit Smith, so famous 
in the Abolition party often came on business and her younger 
sisters, and once I Avent with my father to their mansion and 
saw the cottages of their slaves, and for the first time the cun- 
ning little piccaninnies; my chatter seeming to afford great 
amusement to the ladies of the household, who gathered around 
me asking all manner of questions and laughing heartily at my 
ready answers. The tall pillars of the spacious piazza were 
twined with long Adnes of the coral honeysuckle in full bloom, 
and from a bountiful floAver garden a large bouquet AA-as presented 


me by the ladies. It seems of late years that handsome old 
mansion has been destroyed by fire, and the family descendants 
mostly dispersed. 

Of the patriarchs of the village, dear old Deacon Stanley -was 
a good and quite prominent man, and a grandfather when we 
were chums visiting together almost daily for hours, as he 
worked in his garden bordering the street near the present 
Presbyterian church and our house was across the way. Dea- 
con Stanley was a far seeing old man. Our only mill had been 
supplied with water from Damonville brook, carried by a long 
stretch of wooden troughs mostly underground, sometimes 
opened to remove obstructions to the mill below the residence of 
General Mills, whose little son, Henry, slipped into an opening 
while bathing his feet, and Avas carried by the current to the 
water wheel and taken out lifeless. I well remember the sad 
accident. Deacon Stanley projected and planned the cutting 
of the millrace from the river dam, which was of great benefit 
to the milling business, and I think he lived to see it completed. 

In those days travel through the state was accomplished by 
stages, and my father would be two weeks en route to visit his 
relatives in Goshen, Connecticut. Merchandise of all kinds was 
tsansported by heavy wagons across the state at great expense, 
and Deacon Stanley believed that in time a central canal would 
be made thi-ough the state and sure enough years afterwards 
his prophecy was fulfilled in the great Erie, before we ever 
dreamed of railroads. 

Another prominent person in the early days was old lady 
Hopkins, as she was called ; who, till in her eighties, was mis- 
tress of a large plot of ground, of which Hopkins street was a 
part remaining in her possession during her life ; a lovely little 
prim old lady with fair though finely wrinkled face, her long 
beautiful hair forgetting to turn grey and her dainty ways show- 


ing familiarity with cultured society in her early clays; and 
many family relics adorned the little red brown house always 
dainty in its appointments. The step-grandmother of my old 
schoolmate, Mrs. Alniira Spencer, whom she adopted in infancy 
and trained to womanhood, Avhen the case was reversed and she 
became the protector and comfort of her old age. Xow that 
the old landmarks are removed, she still returns from her home 
in sunny Florida where she is reaping the rewards of years of 
industry, to brighten the small circle of old friends and larger 
one of new, with her cheery presence. 

The Moses family, one of the many early residents, holds a 
goodly place in the annals of our village, cotemporary with 
the Binghams, Camps, Stanleys, Cases, McNairs, Beachs 
and many others. Miss Aurelia Moses has loving remem- 
brances in the hearts of a long list of girlish pupils. Her 
sister. Miss Flavia, noted for her wit and independency of 
character held her place also in church and social circles. 
Long before the days of woman's suffrage, when ladies had 
no place in public entertainments, on the occasion of a military 
banquet on the glorious Fourth of July, Miss Fla"\da remarked 
to my father, that she "hoped the ladies would be permitted to 
hear the cannon. ' ' 

The Luman Stanley family of three sons and four daughters 
were noted as sweet singers, and for many years held a large 
place in the Presbyterian choir in the first church edifice 
of the village. But this article would be too long to refer to the 
many particular stars in the galaxy of Mt. Morris, without even 
mentioning those of modern date. Their descendants have 
doubtless gone forth to brighten and bless the world, while 
their forefathers and mothers sleep on the beautiful hillside, 
and "their works do follow them," while their memory alone 
shall be cherished in the pages of the Centennial Eecord. 



Tradition seems to accord to Deacon Jesse Stanley a position 
of influence, hardly second to that of any other, among the 
early settlers of Mount Morris, 

He came from Goshen, Connecticut, in the year 1811, when 
he was past the meridian of life, accompanied by his son Luman 
and family. His son Oliver and family, came about 1815. 

Deacon Stanle}^ erected the first framed house in this village, 
which was located in front of the present residence of ISTorman 
A. Seymour on State street, but was subsequently removed to 
the lot on Murray street, now owned and occupied by R. H. 
Moses, where it has remained as one of the old land marks until 
the present year. Later in life he built the house now owned 
and occupied by Samuel Starr, a little west of the village, where 
he died after a very protracted and painful sickness, on the 21:th 
of June, 1845, aged 90 years. He was the father of Mrs. Mark 
Hopkins, whose husband built and occupied the present resi- 
dence of A. J. Moss on State street, and whose daughter 



Almira, the present Mrs. Wm. II. Spencer, still claims this vil- 
lage as in part her residence. 

Before the formation of a church, and when the settlement 
was too small to support a minister. Deacon Stanley was the 
one to read sermons, and conduct religious service, and lead 
the singing. He was also very influential in persuading others 
to locate here. He took a deep interest in all public measures, 
such as building the dam and race for the mills. 

His grandson, Mr. Elihu Stanley of Dansville, who was with 
us at our recent celebration, has furnished us with a number of 
interesting facts respecting, his grandfather, and we are indebted 
to him for the accompanying engraving, by which we are en- 
abled to introduce this pioneer to the people of the present 

That countenance is indicative of a strong character. He 
was a choice man for laying foundations for good society in a 
new country. It was well for Mt. Morris that he was willing 
to leave his comfortable home in Connecticut, and sustained as 
he was by his two noble sons and their families, contribute so 
much as he did for the advancement of this village. Our Stan- 
ley street, serves to keep this honored name in lasting remem- 
brance. The late Mrs. S. P. Allen and the present Mrs. J. S. 
Orton, both of Geneseo, were his grand- daughters. 

Mr. Elihu Stanley mentions his having lived for a time at the 
the first, in the noted block house which stood where now 
stands the house of Mrs. Yanderbilt on State street, and of his 
efficiency in gathering the women and children there for secur- 
ity in the war of 1812. 


Walker M. Hinman was born in W3^sox, Pennsylvania, Jan- 
uary 27, 1796, and lived there until he was seventeen years of 
age. He went to Canada in 1813, and remained there several 
jT'ears. He was made a Mason in 1819 at Belleville, Ontario, 
and was one of the original members of the Masonic Lodge 
formed in Mt. Morris during the thirties. He was also a mem- 
ber of the first organization of the I. O. O. F. here about the 
year 1848, and erected a building for their use on Clinton street, 
and at the time of his death was the second oldest Mason in 
the United States. 

He was married at Browington, Vermont, February 1, 1829, 
to Hannah Mc Curdy of that place. He moved to Rochester, 
]^ew York, the same year and was the contractor who erected 
the old Clinton hotel and the old Kempshell flouring mill in 
Eochester. He moved to Mt. Morris about February, 1830, 
and lived in a log house situated on the lower end of Main 
street, and in May of the same year moved into the frame house 
on the corner of Main and Murray streets, where he died April 
21, 1891, having lived there 61 years, and where his two daugh- 
ters still reside, his wife having died twenty years previous. 
On the organization of St. John's Episcopal church in 1833, 
he was chosen Vestryman and soon after was made Warden, 
and with the exception of a few years held that position up to 
the date of his death. 

He erected the first Protestant Episcopal church in 1835 and 



1836, which was purchased by the Methodist Episcopal church 
in 1856, and is now occupied by that society. In 1838, he 
made a contract with the Genesee Valley Canal to furnish stone 
from a quarry in Woodsville, N. Y. , and was engaged in the 
business about eighteen months. 

He was colonel in the old state militia in this section, General 
"W. A. Mills in command. 

We copy the following from his obituary : Mr. Hinman died 
at the advanced age of 95 years. His vigorous intellect remained 
clear to the last. He was honorable and upright in all his 
public dealings, and generous to a fault, public spirited and un- 
tiring in his devotion to the church, which he loved too well. 
He was a man of rare genial disposition, retaining his cheerful- 
ness to the end. He was a kind neighbor and a fast friend, 
courteous and gentlemanly, very hospitable and exceedingly 
fond of the society of young people. In form he was erect 
with a commanding physique and pleasing address. Mr. Hin- 
man leaves two sons, Portus M. of Rochester, and Charles H. 
of Chicago, and two daughters, Martha T. and Harriet E. , who 
still live in the old homestead, and one grandson, Frank P. , of 
this villag-e. 



John Eogers Murray was born in the city of 'New York, Oc- 
tober 15, 1811. Ilis father John Murray, sometimes aUuded 
to as John E., was a man of more than usual character and en- 
terprise. During the last century and the earlier years of the 
present John Murray and son, and before them, Robert Murray, 
were very large ship owners, financial agents and real estate 
proprietors. In many of the parchment deeds and papers, upon 
which vast land transactions in Western Xew York and Penn- 
sylvania were founded, they were the accredited representatives 
of the Holland capitalists, and were associated with the then 
living generation of the Wadsworths, Ogdens, Robert Morris, 
Theophilus Cazenove, (of Holland,) Robert Fulton and others of 
historical fame, through whose transactions were established the 
very beautiful estates that the Murray s and Wadsworths enjoyed 
as near friends and neighbors for many years. 

At the time of the birth of the Mr. Murray, whose memory, 
founded on personal affection, still endures, (189-1,) his family 
held a very large extent of real estate on Manhattan Island. 

A farm to which they moved as their country place was on 
the summit still bearing the family name ; then rough and 
rock-ribbed ; noAv the site of many of the grand homes of the 
successful men of the age, who value highly the arristocratic 


eioCtRApiiical sketches. 97 

associations of "Murraj^ Hill. " When the Fourth Avenue cut 
was made through this hill and a rude gash in the landscape 
was left, Mr. Murray was very active in designing and pro- 
moting that combination of tunnel and parks, through which 
millions now are rushed, quite unaware of the lawns and flowers 
that are above them, or of those who brought beauty to a dis- 
figured spot. The drawings made for this by Mr. Murray are 
still in the possession of the writer. 

The city home of the Murray s at the time of Mr. Murray's 
youth was in Laight street, Hudson Square, in the already 
populous part of the Island. Later, about 1863, Mr. Murray 
built an exceedingly attractive house on, or nearly on the site, 
of the old farm, on Park Avenue above thirty-seventh street. 

Mr. Murray's mother was Harriet Rogers, daughter of 
T^icholas Rogers, of Baltimore. The home of the Rogers 
family was the large and beautiful estate known as "Druid 
Hill," so named, perhaps, on account of the grand oaks that 
were a feature and suggestion. This most picturesque park 
was v.asely purchased from Mr. Rogers in 1861, by the city of 
Baltimore, and became the widely known pleasure ground of 
that splendid city that is now built up to its very gates. 

Thus it is shown that Mr. Murray inherited in a pronounced 
degree, aesthetic taste, which his education confirmed, and his 
landed and financial succession enabled him to gratify to an ex- 
tent very forunate for the localities he loved. From all the 
works he carried to perfection, he had very great pleasure, his 
indulgence was generosity, and it is sad to mar the picture, by 
adding that while artists and men of culture and position were 
fond and faithful, meaner characters often made personal and 
unworthy profit from him. 

His father died in 1848, leaving his only son trustee for his 


mother and two sisters, and there were man}^ cares and great 
expenses connected with the large and varied estate. 

In IS'ew York the growth of the city northward was ver}" rapid. 
It made ultimate values, but they were preceded by enormous 
assessments. Rock excavation was largely called for, a 
heavy share of the cost of which was levied on the property 
benefitted, and what seemed like a vast fortune, four hundred 
lots on Murray Hill was really in a great part exhausted before 
high prices were realized. 

There were also large holdings in Clinton county, New York, 
of cold and unproductive lands, that probably never realized 
values, and also large and profitable water front and commer- 
cial buildings in New York. But it is safe to say that the great- 
est happiness Mr. Murray had in his ever active life was in 
Mount Morris, in the home, Murray IliU, that ideal spot, 
beautiful even now (189-1) after the desolation of fire and neg- 
lect. The blue water of the Genesee flows far below the 
plateau where the mansion stood, in the same lovely curves 
that delighted Tallyrand, the broad fields of the famed valley 
still lie in a restful perspective, but Mr. Murray's aesthetic 
creations have passed away. 

Mr. Murray married Anna Vernon 013'^phant in 1839, daugh- 
ter of D. W. C. Olyphant, a man, who made his name and that 
of American commercial honesty honored in China in the days 
when merchants sent their own ships to trade around the world. 

Mr. Murray had for the occupation of his bride the charming 
Mount Morris home. A large, but severely simple mansion, 
one not intended to divert the eye from the beautiful natural 
surroundings amid which it stood. Without ostentation, which 
Mr. Murray abhorcd, it was a home of luxury ^nthout indulg- 
ence. Flowers too tender for the valley air, were tempted to 
bloom under glass. Gardens furnished all that skillful care could 


produce, lish-ponds in secluded places reliected the well chosen 
foliage that surrounded them, and a well kept lawn was about 
the house, invisibly separated from the far reaching acres of 
grass, oaks and chestnuts that made the attractive scene through 
which the visitor followed the long drive from the lodge to the 
house. It led to the abode of hospitality and generosity, the 
former to be remembered by many distinguished people, the 
latter by many an applicant for aid or sympathy, who rarely 
walked back under the shade of the oaks, if deserving, without 
financial or friendly encouragement. 

One of the pleasures of Mr. and Mrs. Murray was designing 
and building the church, St. John's, a building so correct in 
architecture and fitting for a rural village, standing as it does 
alone in a wide lawn, that it attests both their culture and liber- 
ality. Mrs. Murray, after many years, Avas borne to rest 
under its shadow. Her death was at Cazenovia, the home of 
her adopted daughter, in 1878. Mr. Murray was carried by 
kind hands to rest by her side, November 1, 1881, from the 
humble home near the entrance to Murray Hill, where he died, 
surviving her but three years. 

His funeral Avas one fitting his ripe years so full of works 
completed. It was on the afternoon of one of the golden days 
when nature seems to halt before laying aside her garments of 
splendid maturity. Fallen leaves formed a rich carpet for the 
path of the bearers, while others, reluctant to fall, still clung to 
the boughs, forming a canopy of foliage, all suggesting the end 
of a ripe and beautiful year and the termination of a long and 
beautiful existence. 

Yery few of Mr. Murray's compeers reached his age. A 
graduate of Yale in 1830, he attended in 1880. the semi-centen- 
nial class reunion to unite Avith the elderly men vfho Avere once 


his gcay student companions, but the fifty years had sadly 
reduced their ranks. 

Mr. and Mrs. Murray had no children, but soon after their 
marriage Mrs. Murray's sister died, leaving an infant daughter. 
This little life they adopted to enjo}'' their devoted love and care, 
"which she faithfully returned in their later years. To be near 
and with her, they took a home in Cazenovia, seeking, as ever, 
beautiful surroundings for their place of residence. Here they 
lived from 1865 to the time of Mrs. Murray's death. Mr, 
Murray then took for a short time one of his daughter's houses 
(Mrs. L. W. Ledyard), where he was near her for her daily com- 
panionship, but his heart was ever yearning for Mount Morris, 
and he purchased the cottage near his old lodge, where he died 
a few years later. 



'PUBLIC library) 

^Aster, Lenox and TMen , 





For thirty-seven j^ears, the interests and personal history of 
George Hastings were closely interwoven with the interests and 
history of Mount Morris. He graduated from Hamilton col- 
lege in the class of 1826, and afterwards studied law with his 
uncle, Emmons Clarke, Esq. , of Utica in this state. After his 
admission to the bar, and in the year 1829, he removed to our 
village, and with but a short interruption continued in the 
practice of his profession from that time, until his death, in 
August, 1866. 

His education was well rounded, and he was distinguished for 
diligence, integrity and a high sense of professional honor, 
during his long career. He commanded the respect and con- 
fidence of all our citizens, and was a prominent figure in his 
profession, favorably known in the entire western section of the 
State of 'New York. 

His thorough mastery of the principles, lying at the founda- 
tion of our system of jurisprudence, enabled him to so apply 
those principles, as to reach safe conclusions. 

For many years he was supervisor of this town, district at- 
torney of the county of Livingston, and twice elected to the 
office of county Judge. Although a Democrat, such was his 
popularity, and his enjoyment of general confidence, that 


whenever be appeard as a nominee for office, he ran largely 
ahead of his ticket. 

He was elected as a representative in Congress in 1853, and 
creditably served his district for one term in the stormy period 
attending the agitation of the question of the extension of 
slavery, which preceded the secession of the Southern States. 
That he believed in the supremacy of the government, founded 
upon a union of States, was shown by the fact that his two sons, 
and only son-in-law, early in the history of our Civil War, en- 
tered the Union Arm}", and faithfully served their country 
until nearly the close of the war. But for his political affiliations 
he would have occupied the position of Justice of the Supreme 
Court. He was nominated for that office by his party, but in 
this judicial district, the election of any Democrat, whatever 
his judicial attainments and experience, was then impossible. 

For many years his capacity for the exercise of judicial fair- 
ness was recognized by his designation as referee, in important 
litigations, in this and adjoining counties. He enjoyed a large 
and successful practice, supplemented by full employment as 
Heferee. In the very spirited contest, which preceded his 
election as County Judge in 1859, under the able leadership of 
Sidney Ward, Esq. , nominee of the Eepublican party, he ob- 
tained nearly all the votes of the township of Mount Morris, 
and successfully overcame an apparent adverse majority, rang- 
ing from fourteen hundred to eighteen hundred. 

He was devoted to the interests of our town and was an 
earnest advocate of every measure that tended to promote its 
highest interests. ]^or did his many cares and the multiplicity 
of his official duties, prevent his making for himself a very un- 
usual record, as a christian. In the year 1831, he united with 
the Presbyterian church in this village, and the same year was 
ordained ruling elder ; which office he held until the day of his 


death, to the great profit of the church. Constant in attend- 
ance upon religious service, wise in counsel, liberal as a si^p- 
porter, and social in his bearings, he secured the respect and 
admiration, both of pastor and people, to an unwonted degree. 

His interest, in the children and young people of the church, 
was manifested in his long term of service, about twenty-five 
years, as Superintendent of the Sabbath School. What proved 
to be his farewell address to the school, when disease warned 
him that he had not long to stay, is still impressively remem- 
bered. After this lapse of nearly thirty years since the death of 
Judge Hastings, the record of his life as a citizen, as a lead- 
ing member of the legal profession, as an honored father, and 
as a public officer, is one that adds lustre to his name and repu- 
tation, and it may well be preserved in the history of our town 
and county as an incentive to honest endeavor on the part of 
our young men, and as a lasting protest against any success or 
ephemeral reputation that does not rest upon attainment and 
noble character. The name of George Hastings, to all who 
knew and loved him, stands for all that exalts life and enobles 

He died in the youth of old age in August, 1866, and our 
entire community mourned his loss. Four sons and two 
daughters, who survived him, are still living, and all cherish 
the memory of their beloved father with most reverent regard 
and affection. 

His home, in the north part of our village, on an eminence 
overlooking the broad plain, was noted for many years, not 
more as the social center of a large circle of friends and rela- 
tives, than for the generous hospitality which was there dis- 
pensed by Judge Hastings and his accomplished wife. Happily 
a worthy son, John M. Hastings, Esq. , succeeds the father in 
the occupancy of the family mansion. 



Keuben Porter Wisner, like many others who have risen to 
the highest distinction at the bar, was the artificer of his own 
fortune. Yery early in life he evinced a strong love of learning 
which he sought with diligence. But the somewhat limited 
means of his parents restricted his advantages for attaining the 
education he desired. His ambition, his native ability, industry 
and determination made him to a large extent his own in- 
structor. Every leisure moment of his boyhood and young 
manhood was devoted to the cultivation of his mind. In this 
way he made considerable progress in the study of the languages, 
ancient and modern, in rhetoric, logic and history. ["You 
would be astonished," said Daniel S. Dickinson, when a senator 
in congress, who acquired his education by self study, "did you 
know how much progress one can make in any stud}^ by devot- 
ing a single hour in each day to it. In this way I acquired my 
classical education, while I was learning how to card wool and 
dress cloth."] And thus, by a systematic course of self -instruc- 
tion, Mr. Wisner obtained a very excellent practical education. 

He was born at Springport, Cayuga county, Kew York, 
March 1, 1810. When old enough he began learning the busi- 
ness of farming, working in the summer, and in the winter 




attending school. Business often took him to Auburn, \vhere 
he made many friends and acquaintances, and Tvhile yet a boy 
he used to attend the sittings of the courts in the old court- 
house. Here he witnessed the trial of causes conducted by 
William H. Seward, B. Davis Xoxon, Mark H. Sibley, John C. 
Spencer and other great fathers of our jurisprudence. Here, too, 
he saw Esek Cowen, Ambrose Spencer, Greene C. Bronson and 
other great judges of the state pronounce the laws from the 
bench. Here he was inspired to enter that profession, and that 
arena of strife, which calls forth all the acquired and native 
powers of the mind. There was something in the contests of 
the bar peculiarly attractive to Wisner's bold and ardent mind, 
and he determined to become a contestant in an arena so 
congenial to his tastes. 

At length he secured the friendship of Mr. Seward, who in- 
vited him to enter his office as a student at law. The offer was 
accepted with pleasure. As Wisner Avas an admirable penman, 
Mr. Seward gave him a salary sufficient to support him until 
his legal studies were finished. 

After receiving his license to practice, he remained in Mr. 
Seward's office as an assistant two or three j^^ears, frequently 
appearing as junior counsel in cases tried by that great man. 
In this way Keuben P. Wisner prepared himself for successfull}^ 
undertaking the responsibilities of his profession. 

In 1832, he became a resident of Mount Morris, later form- 
ing a co-partnership with the late Judge Samuel H. Fitzhugh, 
an accomplished lawyer and scholar, a gentleman by birth, 
education and association. Perhaps no legal firm in Livingston 
county ever possessed more favorable qualifications to secure a 
large and remunerative practice than that of Fitzhugh &; Wisner, 
and they succeeded in becoming one of the most successful and 
distinguished law firms in that part of the state. 


Mr. Wisner's rise in the profession was rapid, permanent and 
honorable, and it soon extended into very many of the counties 
in AVestern Xew York. 

In ISil, he represented Livingston county in the state legis- 
lature. His colleague was Augustus Gibbs, of Livonia. Peter 
B. Porter, of Buffalo, distinguished in the history of Western 
New York as a lavv^yer of much ability, and for his public spirit 
and energy in promoting internal improvements, was speaker 
of the house. In recognition of .Mr. Wisner's abilities in legis- 
lation and his legal learning, Mr. Porter gave him the second 
place on the judiciary committee. Mr. Seward Avas then gov- 
ernor, and he evinced his friendship for his whilom student by 
those graceful amenities and pleasing attentions which he knew 
so well how to bestow. 

On the occasion of one of the governor's receptions, while 
Wisner was in the assembly, Seward presented him to the 
guests, saying, "I take pleasure in introducing to you the Hon. 
Reuben P. Wisner, whose entrance into the legal profession I 
had the gratification to promote. For several years he was a 
student in my office, m}^ confidential clerk, and I am delighted 
to see him in the law-making department of this state, occupy- 
ing a conspicuous place on the judiciary committee. ' ' 

Among other measures recommended by the governor in his 
annual message to the legislature of 1841 was the passage of a 
law reducing the fees of lawyers, although a lawyer himself. 
This brought on a bitter contest between the lawyers and lay- 
men in the legislature, and for a time it rendered Mr. Seward 
somewhat unpopular with the bar of the state. A bill in favor 
of the measure was introduced, and it was of course referred to 
the judiciary committee. Mr. Porter, the chairman, made an 
elaborate report in its favor. Mr. Wisner submitted an exceed- 
ingly able minority report against it. But the bill passed both 


branches of the legislature and became a law. Thereafter law- 
yers were compelled to work for half their former fees. A 
member of the legislature facetiously remarked, "The lawyers 
will manage to pick their geese close enough to make up what 
the governor has taken away from them." 

But so extensive and important were Mr. "Wisner's profes- 
sional duties, that, though a re-nomination for the assembly 
was unanimously tendered him, he "was compelled to decline it. 
Through the remainder of his life his ambition v/as confined 
entirely to his profession. He died at Mount Morris in the 
autumn of 1872, greatly lamented. 

Reuben P. Yf isner possessed great energy, firmness of pur- 
pose and emotions that were frequently intense. His reasoning 
powers were of a high order, his perceptions intuitively quick, 
and his circumspection never permitted him to be taken by sur- 
prise. His strongest forte was trying causes before juries. In 
this sphere he was eminently successful. As a speaker at the 
bar, he was often animated, often impressively eloquent. 
Sometimes he became too vehement and excited, so that he lost 
his influence with the jury, but this was not often. He was 
sanguine, always expecting to succeed ; but he took defeat as 
one of the vicissitudes of a lawyer's life. Another remarkable 
feature of his character was the strength he seemed to gather 
in difficult cases. The greater the doubt, the stronger the op- 
position brought to bear against him by distinguished counsel, 
the more extraordinary were the efforts he made to overcome 
his adversary. He seemed to excel himself when hard pressed 
by opposing counsel. 

It would be extremely gratifying and interesting to refer to 
some of the important, and we may say great, cases which 
"Wisner conducted. They are found in the reports of the 
Supreme Court, and in the reports of the Court of Appeals. In 


these reports are seen the extensive learning, erudition and solid 
reasoning with which he conducted the argument of his cases 
in these courts. But time Avill not permit this interesting 
reference. It is not pretended that Mr.Wisner was a man without 
faults, for no man lives without them. A person without character 
enough to make enemies would be like vapid, neutral salts, with 
no positive quality in them. He was a-n independent minded, 
positive man, and men of that class in defending their opinions 
will come in collision with those who entertain opposite ones, 
and in maintaining their positions will naturally make enemies 
who ascribe to them a full quota of errors. It is the sharp an- 
gles in a diamond that give brilliancy to that beautiful gem ; so 
it is that the sharp angles in the character and conduct of men 
often give a brilliancy that causes their faults to be forgotten. 
Mr. AYisner met his enemies in open, manly, often bitter war- 
fare ; but when the contest was ended no man more generously 
forgot his bitterness, or more fully forgave his enemies than he. 

Mr. "Wisner's home life was beautiful, for his home was the 
dearest, the sunniest spot on earth to him. He made it so by 
those domestic virtues of which he was so happily possessed. 
Mutual affection presided over his home. This affection shone 
ouu in the character of husband, father, friend. He was sym- 
pathetic and generous. When his friend was in trouble, he 
never failed to relieve him, if it were possible for him to do so. 

He has gone to his final rest, but pleasant memories and 
deli":htful reminiscences are blended with his career at the bar 
and his family and social relations. 

An examination into his prof essio nal life presents a useful 
example for young lawyers entering the arena of legal strife. 
It exhibits tlie result of energy, self-reliance and indomitable 
industry Avhen applied to professional duties and directed to 
the task of overcoming difficulties. 




Hiram. Perry Mills was born on the 2nd day of January, 
1806, in Saratoga county, on the river Hudson, Kew York 
State. He remembers well the war of 1812, and can vividly 
recall the encamping of two thousand troops in a field on his 
father's farm. About this time he remembers witnessing the 
swimming across the river of several soldiers whose mouths evi- 
dently watered at the sight of some luscious green corn growing 
on the opposite bank. The ears were plucked and braided, and 
then suspended round the neck, and in this condition the daring 
foragers re-swam the river, and returned to camp. 

Mr. Mills remained at home until he was nineteen years old, 
when he married Jane Janet Dunn, and soon after engaged in a 
large contract with Captain Powers on the Delaware division of 
the Pennsylvania canal. He was afterwards associated with 
the construction of the first railroad on the Continent, viz : the 
Albany and Schenectady, which, when opened, was worked by 
cable, while the carriages were mere box cars. He was after- 
wards resident engineer on the Oswego canal, from which 
appointment he went to the southern part of the State to 
engage in railroad operations, which were, however, subse- 
quently abandoned. 

Mr. Mills was next employed, from 1836 to 1842, on the 


Genesee Valley canal, as resident engineer under his brother, 
F. C. Mills, who, while engineer in chief, paid only stated 
visits to the works, the practical part of which was carried out 
under the uninterrupted directions of the younger brother. 
This canal ran successfully for many years from Rochester to 
Glean, including the Dansville side-cut. With the increase of 
railroads, however, its financial prosperity gradually abated, 
until it finally ceased operations, and its bed was subsequently 
converted into the foundation for the "Western New York & 
Pennsylvania Railroad. 

Mr. Mills has for many years engaged in banking, and for a 
long period has been president and principal share-holder in the 
Genesee River National Bank, an institution noted for its unin- 
terrupted business success, and high esteem in which it is held 
by the general public. It may here be added that throughout 
his entire connection with Mount Morris, Mr. Mills has ever 
sought, both by counsel and finance, to further the interest of 
the community in which he has so long held a prominent and 
respected position. 

In religion, Mr. Mills is an ardent churchman, and has always 
taken, and continues to take, deep interest both in the spiritual 
and financial success of his church, the beautiful ecclesiastical 
structure known as St. John's, Mount Morris, of which he has 
been warden for many years. 

Mr. Mills is actually one of the oldest residents of the neigh- 
borhood, being eighty -eight years of age; but in appearance 
and mental activity he is one of the youngest. 

By his first ^vife, who died in 1866, Mr. Mills had nine chil- 
dren, six sons and three daughters, of whom three only are 
now living, viz : Charles Henry, married and residing at Mount 
Morris, John Edward, widower, residing at Nunda, and Mrs. 
Dr. Mills, of Mount Morris. Mr. Mills afterwards married 


Cornelia J. DePuy, sister of ex-governor Begole, of Michigan, 
a most estimable lady and an active church member. Mrs. 
Bradbury, one of the most devoted attendants of St. John's 
church, is the sister of Mr. Mills and resides at Mount Morris. 

Straightforward in all business relationships, hospitable and 
polite, it is hoped that Mr. Mills may long be spared to adorn 
with his venerable presence our community, and to gladden the 
hearts of his many friends with his genial company. 



Korman Seymour, who died in Mount Morris, February 21, 
1892, was born in Herkimer, Herkimer County, Xew York, 
on the 16th day of December, 1820. He was the son of Xor- 
man Seymour of TVest Hartford, Connecticut, cousin of Henry 
Seymour, the old Canal Commissioner, and the father of 
Governor Se3"mour. They both went from Connecticut into 
Herkimer County about the same time. The then l^orman 
Seymour, Sr. , afterwards lived in this village for many years, 
and died here in 1859, aged 77 years; and it Avas his intention, 
being a deeply religious man, to educate his two sons, Norman 
and McXeil, for missionaries. McNeil, who afterwards became 
a distinguished lawyer of this place, and whose untimely death 
in 1870 is still remembered, was sent through college; and so 
would have been Norman but for the state of his health, which 
absolutely prevented the training and life which his marked 
literary ability naturally preferred, and towards which, during 
all the years of his business life, he continual!}^ turned. His 
sister, ^lary Seymour, having just become the wife of the late 
Judge Hastings, he came here as a young man of eighteen to 
■^-isit her, and this led to his life residence in Mount Morris. 

In 1843 he married Miss Frances Metcalf, a daughter of 
Henry Metcalf, of Keene, N. H., who, after her father's early 


death, had lived with her uncle, the late James R. Bond, in his 
residence on State Street, from which she Avas married, and 
which, since Mr, Bond left it, has been the home of Mr. Sey- 
mour's son, Norman A. He was also a brother-in-law of the 
late Edward I. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury in Lincoln's 

It was interesting to hear Mr. Seymour describe his first 
coming to Mt. Morris in a stage from Canandaigua, in 1838. 
From that year until this, he has been an active, interested, 
go-ahead business man of Mount Morris. For the last twenty- 
five years, and until he retired from business three years ago, he 
had been a hardware merchant, and when he left the store, 
which he purchased forty-six years ago, and owned until his 
death, he had been man and boy fifty years under the same 
roof. But during all this time the real interest of his life was 
in that literary work which could be presented to the public by 
an oration or an historical address. He was an eloquent speaker 
and he had the faculty of only touching upon interesting topics 
and struck at once to the key note of the subject. For this 
reason, in the old days, though the Mount Morris bar had 
strong men, he was selected often to make addresses. He gave 
the oration at the time of Lincoln's funeral services here, also 
the oration on the return of the soldiers from the war, and the 
historical address on the "history of Mount Morris," at the 
opening of Livingston Hall, in 1873. He gave the annual 
address before the pioneer picnic at Silver Lake in 1877, and 
as recently as 1890 he gave one before the same society on Mary 
Jemison, "the white woman." He gave the annual address 
once before the Genesee County Pioneer Association in 1878, 
and a great many others before various associations of a pioneer 
and historical character. He was a member of the Albany 
Institute, a life member of New York Historical Society, and 


lioiiorm-y mombcr of many others. lie was one of tlie chief 
promoters of the Livingston Connty Historical Society, was 
once its president and for many years its secretary, never 
missed its annual meetings and made numerous addresses before 
it ; among others, one on the hite John R. Murray of Murray 
Hill, wlio was a man he admired and prized, and Avho recipro- 
cated his friendship. The last address delivered by Mr. Sey- 
mour was at the meeting of the County Historical Society in 
this village, in January 1892, at the Seymour Opera House, 
when he read an article upon the late Dr. Ames. 

IS'ot man}" now, save old residents, can recall, nor perhaps 
have ever heard of, the old Mount Morris days — the da3"s of 
the canal, the old toll bridge across the river, of riding down 
to the second lock on the packets, as they left here at 7 p. m. 
on the ringing of the bell on the old Howard Athenceum. Of 
those days, when Mr. Seymour was an ardent, keenly-observ- 
ing man, he had innumerable anecdotes and recollections that 
Avould have filled a volume. He was, too, a witty man, saw 
the ludicrous side of things, as well as the serious, a capital judge 
of character, sized men up in an instant, though never saying 
much about them, and with a wonderful memory that retained 
until his last day, the impression of every incident of his life ; 
he could talk for hours, until one saw vividly again the old 
characters and the old daj^s. 

During all the years, over thirty, Avhen Mr. Hugh Harding 
was editor of the Union, Mr. Seymour contributed to it con- 
stantly. He wrote for it and for the Rochester Democrat, 
under the pen name of Robert Morris, the obituaries of his 
friends and acquaintances and historical articles, year in and 
year out, until tlie memory of man runneth not to the con- 
trary. It was a standing joke with his friends that he had the 
obituaries written and pigeon-holed of every one, ready to be 


drawn at sight. He once prepared a long one of his wife, which 
he used to read in her presence, with great merriment, to his 
friends. He probably was the best posted man in the county 
on all matters of historical lore ; an authority and a reference 
on all such topics, and his interest in them was undying and 
never flagged. 

He was an ardent Republican from the birth of that party 
until he died, and attended, as a delegate from this county, the 
first State convention at which it came forth. He greatly ad- 
mired Horace Greeley, and took the Log Cabin and Tribune for 
forty years. He knew Mr. Greeley, and used to tell the story of 
once when riding from here to Perry with him in the dead of 
winter, very cold, and snow filling the cross-roads, how, when 
half way over, Mr. Greely started up with, "Good God! Mr. 
Seymour, I have left my lecture, ' ' and they had to return here 
for his satchel. 

He was once collector of the port in the old canal days, and 
once postmaster, member of the Board of Education, trustee of 
the Presbyterian church, of the village, of the Cemetery Asso- 
ciation from its organization, and member of its executive board. 
He was one of the three commissioners who selected its present 
beautiful location, and threw all his influence to have that site 
chosen instead of enlarging the old cemetery, as was talked. 

Mr. Seymour was fond of his home, fond of the country, 
fond of this beautiful valley of the Genesee, and he seldom 
went away from it. In 1882 he spent the summer in Europe, 
which he greatly enjoyed, and he made several public addresses 
after his return, on his travels, for the benefit of local organiza- 
tions, and had he lived he would have gone again. 

He was a religious man by temperamant, though not caring 
much about theology, but early united Avith the Presbyterian 
church. He was a man utterly without any nonsense about him. 


Ko fad or freak ever could get any lodgment in his mind ; and 
society, which he enjoyed greatl}^ had no gradations for him. 
Ilis tastes were simple and elementary. He attached a proper 
value to money, but that was all. He enjoyed life immensely in 
that true and elementary way through which real and lasting 
pleasure can only come. Ino one ever saw him look bored or 
tired of life. He was honesty itself. The idea of taking advan- 
tage of any one, or advancing himself at the expense of any 
one, never entered his mind. He was always ready to do more 
for any one else than for himself, and gentle and shnple things 
gave him pleasure. 

He never gossiped ; never said an unkind word of any one 
in his long life ; never gave a thought to the schemes and 
bickerings of men no more than if on some other planet they 
rose and fell ; but he was nevertheless ambitious, and considering 
his gentle and literary temperament, and his early assuming all 
the responsibilities of life, he was a successful and a happy man. 
His perfect health contributed also to this. He was a great 
walker, fond of tramping with his grand-children; of a nervous, 
quick temperament, and to within one week of his death, his 
step was as active, and his figure, if you did not see the gray 
hair and his face, like a man of twenty-five. 

Mr. Seymour's wife and his four children survive him; Mary 
S. Howell of Albany, wife of George R. Howell, State Libra- 
rian; Henry H. Seymour, attorney, of Buffalo; Norman A. and 
Edward C, of this village. Also two sisters, Mrs. Lydia Hin- 
man and Miss Catherine M. Seymour of Mount Morris. 

JOHN K. McAirniUK. 



John E. McArthur was born of Scotch parents, at Canajoharie 
Montgomery county, New York, February ISth, 1803. "When 
quite young, he removed with his parents to Auburn, E"ew 
York, where he was married, in 1823, to Mary Miller, and soon 
after went to Steuben county to reside. There his eldest child, 
William, was born in 1825. 

During the year 1826 he removed to the town of Mount 
Morris, and settled in the valley of the Cashaqua Creek, about 
two miles above its junction with the Canaseraga. At this 
point he built a saw-mill and engaged in lumbering. His first 
mill was carried away by high water ; he afterwards built two 
other mills, and continued the lumbering business there and in 
that vicinity until 1861. 

During the building of the Genesee YaUey canal, which 
passed through his place, he had several large contracts for 
construction, and after the completion of this canal he had a 
number of contracts for the enlargement of the Erie canal. He 
had about two hundred acres of land where he resided, and his 
business life was spent between lumbering, contracting on public 
works, and farming. 

After the death of his wife, which occurred in 1861, he went, 
in the spring of 1865, with Lucius South wick, to Michigan in 


search of investraeuts in timber lands, and tliey, in company 
with two other gentlemen, bought the timber lands and lumber- 
ing property, known as the Duncan estate, at Cheboygan. 
Here they erected mills and began lumbering o]3erations. In 
ISOS he sold his interest in this lumbering property, and there- 
after resided with his son Alexander, on a farm which they 
owned near Conesus, New York. He was taken ill and died 
suddenly at the home of his son Archibald, in Rochester, New 
York, February 17, 1870. 

He had d. great thirst for knowledge, and was a most 
assiduous reader of ancient history and scientific literature. He 
kept in touch with the broadest and best thought of his day, 
and thereby was a man of wide, general knowledge and infor- 
mation, and able to interest in conversation all who came in 
contact with him. He was a man of firmness and sterling in- 
tegrity, whose every act was based on his highest idea of right 
and justice. While a man of great firmness, he was never 
known to be ruffled in temper, or in any way lose control of 

He had five sons and five daughters, eight of whom are still 
living. Three of his sons, William, James and Archibald, pur- 
sued somewhat the same lines as their father, lumbering and 
contracting. They have for several years been one of the 
largest railroad contracting firms in the west. They had large 
contracts for the construction of buildings and preparation of 
grounds for the World's Columbian Exposition, and the great 
drainage canal of Chicago, now under construction. 

His son James inherited, in a marked degree, his father's 
thirst for knowledge, and at the time of his death, in March 
1S63, owned one of the largest and most read private libra- 
ries in the city of Chicago. 

WiUiam and Archibald purchased the interests of all other 


owners in the Michigan lumber property, and William went to 
Cheboygan to reside in 1873. He had the management of the 
business there, up to the time of his death, June 1, 1894. He 
had been a member of the Michigan legislature, and held many 
other positions of public trust, and was widely known through- 
out the state. He was a man of excellent judgment and high- 
est integrity, honored and beloved by all who knew him. 

Archibald resides in Chicago, and still continues the business 
of lumbering and contracting. 



In this centennial year, and celebration of the settlement and 
history of Mount Morris, the writer recalls, among the promi- 
nent citizens and business men of the past, who have been 
identified with the growth and prosperity of the village, the 
name of Henry Swan, as a cherished memory. 

Mr. Swan and wife were natives of Saratoga county, N. Y., 
and came to Mt. Morris to reside in 1836. Mr. S. ens'ao'ing 
in the dry goods trade, continued it through his business 
career. When the State commenced building the Genesee Val- 
ley canal in 1836-37, he took a contract to construct one mile 
of the canal, extending through the village to the Genesee 
river, which he completed to the satisfaction of the state officers 
in charge. Upon the completion of the canal to Rochester in 
18-10, he built a warehouse upon its banks and engaged exten- 
sively in the grain and produce business. He was largely in- 
terested, also, in a line of packet and freight boats on the 

In October 1853, when the Genesee River Bank commenced 
business, 8100,000 capital, he was a stockholder and director, 
and was subsequently tendered the presidency of the bank, 
which he declined. Unostentatious and retiring, he preferred 
the rank and station of private life, to public office. He was 




'public LiaCARYi 

y, Astor, Lenox and Tilden , 


one of the projectors, and took an active part in securing the 
building of a railroad from Avon to Mount Morris in 1859. He 
was one of the incorporators and trustees in the Cemetery Asso- 
ciation, organized to provide a new cemetery to meet the re- 
quirements of the growing village, in which he took a special 
interest and pride. Its beauty of location, artistic design in 
laying out the grounds and embelishments, driveways and foot- 
paths, reflect in an eminent degree the refined taste and good 
judgment of the Association, rendering the cemetery an invit- 
ing and attractive place for the repose of the dead. 

Mr. Swan, politically, was a Jeffersonian Democrat, and was 
postmaster under James K. Polk in ISii-lS. The office car- 
rying with it political prestige, made it acceptable. lie was 
public spirited, benevolent, and contributed with an open purse 
to all enterprises, Avhich had for their object the prosperity and 
business interests of Mount Morris. Ko man was truer to his 
friends and business engagements. His insight to business and 
the affairs of life, was singular, lucid and correct. His fund 
of general information was large. His rare good sense was a 
distinguished trait in his character. He always underrated his 
own abilities. His confidence once gained, he was the truest 
of friends. Those who enjoyed his confidence, know how 
much pure gold there was in it. He was a man of the world, 
as he understood men, their motives, and springs of action, and 
could not be easily misled or deceived. He had not the slight- 
est ambition to figure in public life, though political preferment 
and distinction lay in his pathway. Undeviating integrity, con- 
siderate and broad gague in his business relations, and uniform 
courtesy, made friends in all his business enterprises. 
Especially was this so with his employees, none of whom were 
ever heard to speak of him except in admiration and sincere 
regard. An old employee writes the author of these lines, from 


Milvraukee, AYisconsin, under date of November 19tli, and says : 
"I was in Mr. Swan's employment three years, and a nobler or 
grander man I never knew. ' ' 

Henry Swan was born in 1802, and died in Mount Morris, 
August 3, 1867, aged 65 years. Thus an honest man, nature's 
rare gift, and public benefactor has passed away, but the im- 
press he has left upon this community and his memory are in- 
delible. The writer of these lines has witnessed no pleasanter 
picture in the summer gone, than is revived and called to mind 
in penning the above tribute to the memory of the honored dead 
and esteemed friend. 






To give even a brief history, of one so thorougtily identified 
with the growth and progress of our village, as was the subject 
of this sketch, is indeed no simple task. There are or have 
been, probably, none connected with the civil, educational 
and religious development of Mount Morris, so widely known, 
esteemed and respected, as Dr. Z, W. Joslyn. 

He came to this town in the year 1854. At once he became 
identified with all that pertained to the interest of the town, 
and was from first to last a representative man. In whatever 
position of private or public trust he was placed, he maintained 
the same truthful and noble character, winning the confidence 
of all with whom he came in contact. His manner was cordial 
and off-hand, endearing him to all. His language was simple, 
clear and unequivocal, often revealing the deep and strong 
emotions of his nature. He was a fearless opponent, never 
yielding a single point until he had exhausted all that pertained 
to the subject under discussion. He had a marvelous gift of 
language, making him prominent in social and public life. He 
detested sham and insincerity, always demanding the truth on 
all subjects. As a physician, he ranked with the first, ever 
greeting his patients wdth a smile, bringing sunshine and cheer 
to the bedside of the sick and suffering. He was for many 


years President of the Livingston County Medical Society. He 
took a great interest in educational matters, and was for years 
chairman of the Board of Education, devoting personal atten- 
tion to school work, doing all he could to bring the schools up 
to the highest standard possible. In short, all his acts, during 
his connection with the Board of Education, show a purpose to 
do his duty to teacher and scholars, and to the patrons of the 
school, Avithout fear or favor. 

During the late war. Dr. Joslyn rendered valuable service, 
going from town to town with all his power of gifted eloquence, 
persuading men to enlist in defense of our country ; none were 
more patriotic, more self-sacrificing, spending time and money 
without remuneration. As a friend, neighbor and citizen, his 
death seemed irreparable. In the Board of Trustees of the 
village of Mt. Morris, he was an active member, ready for any 
improvement, that would benefit or adorn our beautiful village. 
He devoted much time in looking after the efficiency of the 
Fire Department. The "boys" always found a friend in the 




The First Presbyterian Church of Mount Morris, was organi- 
zed April 29, ISl-i, by the following fourteen individuals: 
Jesse Stanley, Jonathan Beach, Luther Parker, Enos Baldwin, 
Abraham Camp, Luman Stanley, Rus^el Sheldon, Almira Hop- 
kins, Lucy Beach, Martha Parker, Sarah Baldwin, Mary 
Camp, Patty M. Stanley and Clarissa Sheldon. Among those 
received prior to 1820, we find Martin Beach and wife, 
Asa Woodford and wife, Mrs. Susannah H. Mills, Moses Camp, 
Oliver Stanley and wife, James Conkey and wife and Mrs. 
Betsey Mason. 

Ministers: Mr. Stephen M. Wheelock, a licentiate, was the 
first minister ; and he continued about three years after the or- 
ganization. His successors have been as follows : Rev. Silas 
Pratt, from 1817 to 1818; Rev. Elihu Mason, from 1818 to 


1S20; Rev. r;artholome\\' F. Pratt, 1821 to 1825; Rev. Wm. 
Lyman, D. D., 1825 to 1827; Rev. Abel B. Clary, 1827 to 
1828; Rev. James McMaster, 1828 to 1830; Rev. Calvin Bush- 
nell, 1830 to 1831; Rev. James Wilcox, 1831 to 1832; Rev. 
George W. Elliott, 1832 to 1834; Rev. Clark H. Goodrich, 
1834 to 1838; Rev. John YanBuren, 1838 to 1839; Rev. Cy- 
rus Hudson, 1839 to 1846; Rev. C. H. A. Bulkley, 1847 to 
1851; Rev. Darwin Chichester, 1851 to 1855; and Rev. Levi 
Parsons 1856 to the present time. 

Euling Elders : The first ruling elders, v^^ere Jesse Stanley, 
Abraham Camp and Jonathan Beach. Those subsequently 
elected, were James Coe and Luther Parker in 1818 ; Asa Wood- 
ford and Oliver Stanley in 1820 ; John Pratt and James Con- 
key in 1829; George Kemp, Jr., and George Hastings in 1831 : 
ILirry H. Evarts and James H. Rogers in 1834 ; Reuben Weeks, 
Reuben Sleeper and Charles W. King in 1836 ; Marsena Allen 
in 1842 ; Henry Sheldon, Charles Holmes and Levi Goddard 
in 1844; Samuel J. Mills, Loren J. Ames, M. D., Milo H. 
Maltbie and Stillwell Burroughs in 1853 ; Loren Coy and Pome- 
roy Sheldon in 1857; Jonathan E. Robinson, Samuel L. Rock- 
fellow and Justine Smith in 1862 ; Elijah N. Bacon, Frederick 
E. Hastings, Ziba A. Colburn and Jay E. Lee in '1871 ; Reuben 
S. Weeks and Wilder Silver in 1875 ; Miles B. McNair in 1883 ; 
Henry M. Swan and Joshua C. AVeeks in 1886 ; Robert Craw- 
ford in 1887 ; George H. Wiltsie in 1890 ; Frank H. Mills and 
Ansel Spinning in 1891, and Jacob Knappenberg in 1894. The 
election of elders for a limited term Avas adopted in 1875. 

Deacons : The first deacons, were Jesse Stanley and Jona- 
than Beach. Those subsequently elected have been as follows : 
Asa AVoodford, William Marvin and Abraham C. Camp in 1831; 
James Conkey and ]\rarsena Allen in 1834 ; Robert E. Weeks 
in 1861 ; Esek M. Winegar in 1862; James Beggs and Milo H. 


Maltbie, in 1871 ; Wilder Silver in 1879; Willard A. Weeks 
in 1886; Jacob Tallman and Amos Austin, in 1887; Theodore 
Swan, in 1891, and Ansel Spinning, in 1894. 

Members : The whole number of members, by catalogue, is 
1439 ; being an average annual addition of about eighteen. The 
present number, as reported to Presbytery is 255. 

Baptisms: 210 adults, and 465 infants, total 675. 

Choir : The first choir, consisted of Deacon Jesse Stanley, 
leader, Luman Stanley and wife, Mrs. Mark Hopkins, Mrs. 
Parmerlee, Abraham C. Camp, Moses Camp and Harlow Beach. 

The succession of leaders has been as follows : Harlow Beach, 
Moses Camp, Wm. H. Stanley, Cicero Camp, John Pratt, 
Harry Evarts, George Hastings, Henry Sheldon, Loren Coy, 
and Thomas Hudson. Mr. Coy was a very faithful leader, for 
more than thirty years. The organ w^as purchased in 1864. 
Mrs. Merab A. Scott w^as organist from 1864 to 1867. Mrs. 
Euth M. Hastings, from 1867 to 1883, and Miss Helen Coy 
from 1883 to the present time. 

Sabhath ScJiool : As early as 1814 or 1815, Mrs. Oliver 
Stanley, and Emily, daughter of Luman Stanley, gathered 
numbers of poor children, and instructed them upon the Sab- 
bath. As the result of these efforts, a permanent organization 
was effected in 1817. Allen Ayrault was superintendent in 
1818. Among the early teachers, were Abraham C. and Moses 
Camp, Harlow Beach, Mr. and Mrs. Alvah Beach, Sylvia Coe, 
Lucina Baldwin, James Conkey and Asa Mahan. Some Indian 
girls, were among the first pupils. Newton Robinson was 
superintendent about 1826 ; and was succeeded by Abner Dean, 
and John Pratt. This office, with slight exceptions, was filled 
from 1831 to 1866, by Harry Evarts, and Hon. George Hast- 
ings; the former from 1831 to 1841, and the latter from 1841 
to 1866, the time of his death. He has been succeeded by 


Deacon Milo II. Maltbie, Win. P. Heston, A. M. Bingham, 
Esq., Dr. L. J. Ames, James YanDerbilt, "VVm. H. Pease, F. 
E. Hastings, Joshua C. "Weeks, and Miles B. McNair. Mrs. 
Lucretia Sleeper was influential in securing the first library, in 
182r>. Miss Aurelia Moses, as assistant superintendent, in 1830J 
secured a more thorough organization of tlie school. Prior to 
the year 1831, the time for meeting was 9 a. m., subsequently, 
the school has met immediately after the morning service. The 
present membership is 233. 

Missiona.ri/ Societies : The Youths' Missionary Association, 
was organized in 1856, and continued for about seven years. 
The Ladies' Church Missionary Society, was organized January 
10, 1872, with Mrs. Harriet M. Parsons, as president. The 
Young Ladies' Missionary Society, was organized April 16,1882, 
with Miss Anna M. Maltbie, as president. These two societies 
were combined, as the Society of Christian Workers, in 1890, 
with Mrs. Mary W. McXair, as president. The Cyprus Mis- 
sion Band, was organized June 9, 1882, with Miss Carrie Lowery. 
as president. The Young People's Society of Christian En- 
deavor, was organized in January, 1888, and has done very 
effective work for the Master. At present it has about sixty 

Those Entering the Minifitry : In 1855, the Presbytery of 
Ontario, ordained at this place, two members of this church, 
Orson P. Allen and Herman N. Barnum, the former as a for- 
eign, and the latter, as a home missionary. Mr. Barnum, how- 
ever soon followed Mr. Allen, to Ilarpoot, Turkey, where the 
two have been associated as missionaries, up to the present 
time. Samuel J. IMills, after removing to the West in 1856, 
entered the gospel ministry, and did faithful work for the Mas- 
ter. Isaac O. Best, was ordained in 1873 and is now preach- 
ing at Broadalbin, New York. Frank Gaylord Weeks, was 


ordained jSToveniber 3, 1885, and is now preaching at Spring- 
water, New York. 

Revivals : The larger additions have been made in the fol- 
lowing years : 1816, forty-two; 1822, eighty-four; 1831 to 
1835, one hundred and fifty-seven; 1839, forty-five; 1843, 
fifty-three; 184:8, forty-seven; 1853, twenty-nine; 1856, sixty- 
seven; 1858, thirty-one; 1864, forty-one; 1870, forty-one; 
1878, fifty-two; 1882, thirty-two; 1885, twenty-two; 1890, 

Religious Society : The First Presbyterian Society was in- 
corporated about the year 1816. The first trustees were, Gen. 
"Wm. A. Mills, Elisha Parmerlee, Phineas Lake, Jerediah Hors- 
f ord and Luman Stanley. The names of others, who have held 
this office, are as follows : Thomas Wilcox, H. Woodford, N. 
Seymour, Geo. S. McNair, S. Spencer, E. M. Winegar, C. 
Woodman, S. Burroughs, L. Coy, G. S. Whitney, S. L. 
Kockfellow, P. E. Weeks, C. Y. Ament, Pomeroy Sheldon, 
James Yanderbelt, A. Wigg, Walter Weeks, Merrick Sheldon, 
M. B. McNair, Jacob Tallman, Jas. W. Eoberts, W W. 
Ostrander, J. G. Forrest, W. H. Coy, Henry S. Wigg, Lyman 
Carr, J. C. Weeks, Frank H. Mills, George W. Phelps, Henry 
M.Swan, A. M, Bingham, D. W. YanScooter, Henry W. Mc- 
Kair, L. J. Ames, Hugh Harding, E. B. Osborne, C. B. Gal- 
braith, W. A. Weeks, Chester D. White, J. M. Hastings, F. S. 
Thomas, Thomas Hudson, G. H. Wiltsie, E. K. Creveling, 
Jacob Knappenberg. 

Church Buildings : Prior to the organization of the church, 
and for eighteen years after, religious services were held in the 
school house, which was on the west side of what was then an 
open square. The first church edifice, 64 by 44, and located on 
the north side of the aforesaid square, was dedicated in Janu- 
ary 1832, Kev. S. H. Gridley, then of Perry, ISTew York, 


preaching the sermon. In 1841, this building was moved about 
twenty rods south, to the lot where now stands the residence 
of Arthur SaAvyer and enlarged. At the same time, a separate 
lecture room, 40 by 24, was erected, a short distance to the 
east of the church. Both these buildings were destroyed by 
fire, September 29, 1852. The present brick edifice, 80 by 52, 
on the corner of State and Stanley streets, was completed in 
1854, John P. Gale being the master builder, and was dedicated 
February 1, 1855, Kev. Darwin Chichester, the pastor, preach- 
ing the sermon. The present lecture room, 24 by 40, just west 
of the church, was built in 1860. Abraham Wigg took the 
contract, and was the most liberal subscriber. 

Presbyterial Relation : This church was received under the 
care of the Presbytery of Geneva, February 12, 1817; and after 
the organization of the Presbytery of Ontario, in. March 1818, 
was transferred to that body, which it followed, when the 
same became a part of the present Presbytery of Pochester in 

Deaths : The whole number of deaths, in the families of 
this congregation, for the 38 years prior to January 1, 1894, is 
384 ; being an. annual average of ten and a fraction. The ag- 
gregate age is 17,350 years, making the average age 45. 
Of this number 186 were communicants, of whom 20 were non- 
residents. As to ages, if we group them by decades, we find 
under ten 74, of whom 48 were less than one year, from ten to 
twenty, 16; from twenty to thirty, 38; from thirty to forty, 
36 ; from forty to fifty, 33 ; from fifty to sixty, 34 ; from sixty 
to seventy, 46 ; from seventy to eighty, 62 ; from eighty to 
ninety, 35 ; from ninety to one hundred, 10. 




I— I 


I— I 






In offering for publication the following brief account of the 
rise and progress of jMethodism in Mount Morris, ISTew York, it 
should be here stated, that some years ago a disastrous fire 
occurred in the village, destroying, among other valuable papers, 
some important records of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Two former pastors of the society, delivered, when preach- 
ing on the charge, historical sermons of much interest. These 
sermons are greatly helpful in writing this account. The min- 
isters referred to are. Rev. Thomas Cardus, of Batavia, New 
York, and Eev. W. C. WHbur, of Buffalo. 

The first Methodist preacher to appear in Mount Morris was 
Pev. J. B, Hudson. In 1804, he made a trip from Friendship, 
Allegany county, to this vicinity; stoping at Allan's Hill, that 
being the original name and place of Mount Morris. Follow- 
ing the course of the Genesee Piver for thirty-five miles, in 
making the journey, he writes, that he "saw no signs of civili- 
zation at any point on the way." On reaching this place, he 
saw, besides Indians, a few houses scattered about, occupied 
by white people. These were tenants of -the "Old White 
Woman," who is remembered by some of our citizens to this 
day. Mr. Hudson found here, at this early day, a few people 


Avho called themselves Methodists, and from this time Mount 
Morris became a stated preaching place on the circuit of the 

The little class, formed by Hudson, was connected with the 
Ciinisteo Circuit of the Susquehanna District and the Philadel- 
phia conference. Eev. Anning Owen was Presiding Elder. 
Following Mr. Hudson, as preachers, were Gerard Morgan and 
John Richards. Connected with the first class were, Mrs. 
Mills, wife of General Mills, Mrs. Simeon Kittle and Mr. and ' 
r Mrs. Salmon. The first regular organization of the society was 
in 1S22, Thirteen members: Peggy Miller, Sarah Eaton, Sally 
Parker, Diadama Parsons, Ashael Parsons, Eliza Damon, Ches- 
ter Grover, Esther Parsons, Wm. P. McXair, Pebecca McNair, 
Rachel Parker and Elizabeth Holtslander. For years the little 
society worshipped in school houses, yet strong men ministered 
to them, as the record shows. As pastors there came Wilbur 
Hoag, Merritt Ferguson, Jonathan Benson, and others of equal 
strength ; and, as Presiding Elders : Gideon Draper, Asa Abel, 
Loring Grant, and others, whose names are yet familiar to 
many elderly people. Among the class leaders in those days, 
were Chester Grover, Levi Keyes, Ezra Kinney, and others. 

In 1831, under the pastorate of Rev. J. Lent, the contract 
for a new church was let, about 40 by 50, and the work soon 
under way. The location was near the Dr. Joslyn residence. 
The house was completed in 1833. At the dedication a 
revival started, which greatly stirred all classes. Dr. Luckey 
preached the first sermon, and Rev. Glezen Filmore, the Pre- 
siding Elder of the district, followed with a masterly sermon, 
which was long remembered. The trustees were, E. Damon, 
Ezra Kinney, L. Hoskins and George "W. Barney. In the 3"ears 
following, the pastors were. Reverends, Wallace, Wooster, 
Atchinson, Benjamin, Farrell, Latimer, Gulick, and others. 



The Presiding Elders were Reverends, Babcock, Hibbard, Cope- 
land, and others, whose names are not now known. 

In 1856, the Protestant Episcopal Church edifice, on the 
corner of Chapel and Stanley Sts. , was obtained ; and a suitable 
building to be used as a parsonage, on the adjacent lot. The 
Rev. J. L. Edson was then pastor. The trustees at this time 
were, Jacob Chilson, Ezra Kinney Selden Carpenter, Barnabas 
Olp, and Francis Yeomans. Then followed as pastors, Giles, 
ShaAv, Harrington, Trowbridge, and Edson. The pastorate of 
the latter. Rev. James L. Edson, was eminently successful, 
and he was called to serve the church a second term. In 1866 
Rev. A. jST. Fiimore was appointed to the charge. Under his 
leadership the society began extensive repairs on the church, 
Vfhich were completed under the eilicient pastorate of his suc- 
cessor, Rev. C. M. Gardner, at a cost of $4,500. Then fol- 
lowed, as pastors, Bradley Cardus, Rodgers, Hill, and Wilbur, 
all worthy of praise for the vrork they accomplished. The 
pastorate of Rev. James Hill is marked, as the time, when Mr. 
and Mrs. George A. Green made the most generous gift of a 
new and beautiful parsonage to the society. 

In 1878, Rev. E. E. Davidson, the noted evangelist, conducted 
revival services in the different churches in town, resulting in 
large gains to the Methodists, as well as to the other denomina- 
tions. Following Mr. Hill was the exceedingly pleasant and 
profitable pastorate of Rev. W. C. Wilbur, resulting in a large 
increase to the membership. Then followed, as pastors. Rev- 
erends W. O. Peet, E. P. Hubbell, W. B. Waggoner and E. 
B. Williams. Under the pastorate of W. B. Waggoner, large 
repairs were made on the church, and a fine pipe organ pur- 
chased for the use of the society, at a cost of §2,200. E. P. 
Hubbell is the present secretary of the Genesee Conference. 
Of the noble band of layman, who, in the later years of the 


church's history, labored zccalously for its success, and have 
gone to their reward, we have not the room to make a suitable 
record in this brief sketch. Many will call to mind Hiram H. 
Gladding, Levi L. Totten, Jacob Chilson, Dr. W. II. Noble, 
Dr. Henry Povall, and many others, equally deserving of men- 
tion. Human records, at best are imperfect, but He whom 
they serve will hold them in "everlasting remembrance." 

At this time, the Methodist Episcopal Church in Mount 
Morris is in possession of a desirable church edifice, and a fine 
parsonage, eligibly located and sufficient to meet the present 
wants of the society, and unencumbered. On its records are 
the names of 130 members. It has a Sunday School and Ep- 
worth League, well officered, and in keeping with the numerical 
strength of the church. Its board of trustees are, John F. 
White, President of the Board, "Warren Eichmond, secretary 
and treasurer, P. D. Jones, A. O. Dalrymple, John VanDorn, 
C. W. Ogden, and John F. Connors, Esq. L. D. Chase is the 
present pastor, and A. F. Colburn, Presiding Elder. 


'PUBLIC library) 

\^Asfor, Lenox and Tilden 







The building, whose history I am about to narrate, is one of 
the handsomest ecclesiastical edifices in the diocese of AVestern 
New York. Of Gothic form, excellently proportioned, with 
tall and gracefully tapering spire ; standing back on a grass 
covered lawn studded with magnificent chestnut and elm trees, 
it presents a noble monument to the generosity of those who 
caused it to be erected. 

The first meeting of churchmen recorded in the entry-book 
kept by the various vestry clerks, was convened for the purpose 
of incorporating the said persons as a Church, to be known as 
St. John's Church, Mount Morris. The meeting was held on 
Easter Wednesday, A. D. 1833. The Eev. Thomas Meacham, 
at that time in definite charge of St. Mark's Church, Hunts 
Hollow, had been holding occasional services in the village 
school house, where this vestry meeting was held. After the 
certificate of the organization of St. John's Church had been 
forwarded to, and duly recorded by the Clerk of Livingston 
County, Mr. Meacham was invited by letter to become the first 
resident clergyman of the proposed St. John's Church, for 
although there was then a body of worshippers of that name, 
they had not as yet any dedicated place of meeting under that 
title. The vestry which invited Mr. Meacham was composed 
of the following members : David A. Miller, secretary, John 


W. ^lontross, Walker jI. Ilinraan, Pliineas Canlield, Stephen 
Summei's, Charles B. Stont, James F. S. Ileald, and Hirara 
Hunt, with Jellis Clute and ISTehemiah Barlo'A- as wardens. 
Mr. Meacham, accepting the call, became the first Hector oi' 
Mount Morris, March 3, lS3-i. With commendable zeal the 
members set about raising subscriptions for their first church 
which was soon erected on the south, east corner of Chapel and 
Stanley streets, the corner stone being laid for the Et. Rev. 
Benjamin Onderdonk, bishop of TvTew York, by Rev. Henry J. 
Whitehouse, D. D., July 3, 1835. The Rev. Thomas Meach- 
am resigning in 1837, the vestry invited Rev. Henry S. At- 
water to be their next Rector, who accepted the post May, 1837. 
At a vestry meeting held the 14th of August, 1837, it was 
resolved to ask the bishop of the diocese to consecrate the 
church, which was done on the 19th of the same month. On 
December 18, 1839, the vestry passed a resolution of condolence 
to be sent to the family of the deceased warden, Colonel Wra. 
Fitzhugh. From the wording of the message of sj^mpathy the 
deceased must have been a high-souled christian gentleman, 
whose loss to the entire community must have been deeply felt, 
and especially by the church in which he took so lively an 

On June 29, 184:3, Rev, Charles Cooper was invited to the 
pastorate, w^hich had become vacant. Mr. John R. Murray's 
name first appears upon the records as an officer of the church 
in April 1S44. On December 21, 1846, Mr. Cooper resigned, 
and Rev. M. YanRensselaer, D. D., LL. D., took charge m 
1847. In 1849 the vestry consisted of the Rector, D. A. Miller 
and F. A. Davis, wardens, W. Hinraan, S. Summer, J. Peter- 
son, J. Yernon, J. R. Murray, Reily Scoville, Hiram P. Mills, 
Henry Swan, vestrymen, James B. Bacon, treasurer and collec- 
tor. In 1850 Mr. C. L. Bingham, who subsequently took such 


keen interest in all church affairs, appears as a member of the 
vestry, and also as occupying the post of clerk and treasurer. 
The name of Charles H. Carroll appears on the list of vestry- 
men in 1852. Dr. VanEensselaer resigning in 1853, the Rev. J. 
L. Franklin, D. D., was invited to take charge, which he did 
in the latter end of the year. 

In 1854, owing to the increased membership of the church, 
it was found necessary to enlarge the building to accommodate 
the growing congregation, I may here mention that the fol- 
lowing gentlemen were on the original building committee : D. 
Miller, S. Summers, P. Canfield. The builder was "W. Hin- 
man, the architect, W. Hamlin, and the mason, Isaac Kemball. 
Mr. Murray offered $1,500 for the church and lot, proposing 
to give another lot whereon the vestry might build a new 
church. He subsequently modified this proposition as follows : 
The vestry Avas to sell him the church and lot, paying him as 
well the sum of $1,500. For this he agreed to build a new 
church upon another lot, the plans thereof being left to him to 
decide. The vestry accepted this proposition April 13, 1854. 
In 1856, Miss Hunt, who had been organist for several years, 
resigned, and Miss Hinman was elected in her place. On the 
18th of September, the handsome new church, built where it 
now stands, was consecrated by Bishop DeLancy, of Western 
'New York. A letter from Mrs. Murray was read at the vestry 
meeting of January 5, 1857, offering the church a lot whereon 
to build a parsonage, and an additional gift of $1,000. The 
offer was accepted. Mr. Annis was sexton of the church in 
1857. On July of this year Mr. Bingham resigned the office 
of clerk to the vestry, which he had held for the past seven 
years, being heartily thanked by the vestry for the able and 
satisfactory manner in which he had discharged his duties. Mr. 
Mcl^eil Seymour was appointed in his place. At a vestry 


meeting, September 20, 1860, Judge Carroll stated that his 
daughter, the lately deceased Ada Y. R, Carroll, had bequeathed 
the sum of §500, to be invested for a Sunday school and parish 
library. The bequest was accepted with grateful feelings by 
the vestry, which tendered to the Judge and his family their 
deepest sympathy in their painful bereavement. We have often 
heard how fully such a resolution was warranted on account of 
the loss of so excellent a daughter and such a devoted christian 
worker. In 1863 a vote of thanks was passed and conveyed 
to Miss Crevling for her services in singing in the choir. In 
1865 Mrs. A. Conkey was president of the St. John's ladies 

Another meeting took place July 24th, to elect a new war- 
den in the place of Judge Carroll, lately deceased. The fol- 
lowing is part of the resolution passed and conveyed by the 
vestry to the members of his family: "Whereas, it has pleased 
Almighty God in his wise providence to take from us our 
esteemed and beloved friend and colleague, the Hon. C. H. 
Carroll; and whereas, the simplicity, earnestness and stead- 
fastness of his christian character, his uprightness, integrity and 
benevolence, etc. , all entitled him to our highest esteem and 
regard. Resolved, that, in token of our sorrow for so great a 
loss, our church be draped in mourning for a period of thirty 
days." In 1866, a legacy was left for the Sunday school 
library by Mrs. Sooville, ($100.) In this year, L. C. Bingham 
was elected clerk to the vestry, and Miss Cook was organist ; 
also H. E. Brown appears on the vestry for the first time, while 
H. P. Mills is recorded as warden under this date. This ves- 
try appointed D. N. Bacon as sexton, and also passed a resolu- 
tion to present Mr. C. L. Bingham with a suitable prayer book, 
as a token of gratitude for his valuable services as treasurer, so 
efficiently rendered for several years. The name of William 


Fitzhugh appears amongst those appointed to attend the dio- 
cesan Convention for 1865. 

Mr. Ozro Clark's name appears on the vestry in 1868, where 
it is to be found until the closeof the year 1889. E.. H. Brooks 
appears on the records for the first time, as a member of the 
vestry, in 1869. In April 1870, he w^as elected warden in con- 
junction with Mr. II. P. Mills. A notice appears of a vestry 
meeting summoned May 21, 1870, to fill the place of the Hon. 
McNeil Seymour, deceased. In 1871, the Hon. and Mrs. J. A. 
Mead, presented the church with a valuable communion set in 
memory of their daughter. The Rev. Dr. Franklin having 
resigned after a pastorate of nearly eighteen years, Dr. Yan- 
Bokkelen was called, as Rector, August 14, 1871. On May 
12, 1873, C. F. Swan was appointed collector and treasurer. 
The Rev. F. B. Dunham became pastor, January 17, 1875, 
resigning Feburary 15, 1877. The following interesting record 
occurs under date January 17, 1876 : To the Fire Department, 
Mount Morris — Gentlemen : We desire to express to you our 
sincere thanks for your energy and promptness in coming to 
our rescue on Sunday night last, when our beautiful church 
was in such imminent peril of destruction by fire. James Yeo- 
mans, clerk. This resolution of thanks was put into the vil- 
lage papers. 

The vestry, which had been elected the previous year, con- 
tained several new names, such as "W. W. Potter, C. C. Fitz- 
hugh, Arthur Sawyer, etc. The next Rector was Rev. George 
S. Teller, who was in charge from 1877 to 1879. On Septem- 
ber 11, 1877, M. R. Campbell, upon his leaving the neighbor- 
hood, was presented with the thanks of the vestry for his past 
valuable services, as a member of the choir. On March 12, 
1875, the vestry considered a communication received from 
John R. Murray, requesting that his wife, lately deceased, 


might be buried accortling to her Vv'ish in the church yard. 
This was readily assented to, the vestry making arrangements 
for conveying to Mr. Murray, that portion of ground, signified 
by him, as a burial lot in perpetuity. It was in this way that 
the original donors of the greater part of the present churc h 
property, came to be laid in their last earthly resting place near 
the House of God for which they had done so much during 
their lives. The spot is marked and kept sacred by a handsome 
granite stone, surrounded by chains suspended from iron stan- 
chions. Rev. Dr. Massey was called, and took charge Novem- 
ber, 1879. On November 19, 1881, Dr. Massey informed the 
vestry, that some unknown persons had offered the church a 
solid silver communion set. The offer was gratefully received. 
Mr. Murray's name appears on the vestry, as warden, under 
date April 1881. In December of the same year, the vestry 
met to appoint another warden, in the place of Mr. Murray, 
deceased. Dr. Massey resigned the rectorship in August, 1882. 
At a vestry meeting held July 1, John M. Prophet first appears 
on the vestry, July 1882. Eev. E. "W. Worthington was called 
as the next Hector, September 28, 1882. It was decided to 
place windows in the church to the memory of the Murrays and 
Judge Carroll. For this purpose, the sum of 8222.30 was sub- 
scribed, and the windows subsequently placed in position. In 
1885 Miss Ilattie Hinman was appointed collector and treasurer 
of the parish. Mr. Parker, at this time, ceased to be sexton, 
and Robert Stevenson was elected to fill his place. On April 
1, 1887, the pews in the church were made free. In October 
of the same year, Mr. Worthington resigned, and Rev. C. A. 
Ricksecker was called to take his place, January 11, 1888. 
After serving the church for 38 years, the death of L. C. Bing- 
ham is recorded under date, March 12, 1883. A fire occurred 
in the church, Saturday, January 25, 1890. The death of Col. 

CHrRCHES. 141 

W. M. Hinman is recorded under date of April 26, 1891, and 
a resolution was passed and conveyed to the family of the 
deceased expressing their deep sympathy and high appreciation 
for the late warden, who for fifty-eight years had so faithfully 
served the interests of his church. On September 6, 1893, E. 
Fitzhugh was elected by the vestry to represent the church at 
the diocesan convention that year. In October 1893, Mr. Rick- 
secker resigned, and Rev. A. E. "Whatham took charge May 
7, 189-1. Mrs. Howell's request to place a window in the 
church to the memory of her son, was read by the vestry, No- 
vember 6, 1893, and cordially agreed to. During Mr. Rick- 
secker's charge of the parish, he was instrumental in erecting a 
large and beautiful parish house, which reflects great credit 
upon himself, and those members of the congregation and 
friends who generously subscribed to so necessary an adjunct 
of essential parochial machinery. 

Besides the gentlemen already mentioned, the following have 
held office on the vestry : "W. B. Rogers, Milton Case, J. 
Thurston, B. W. Rogers, Jr., John Murry Ogden, Gaylord 
"Willsey, A. W. Watkins, Asa P. Edhecombe, Wm. Fitzhugh, 
D. H. Fitzhugh, T. G. Mills, W. G. Sheldon, Sanford Hunt, 
Jr. , Alex. H. Hoff, Albert Case, C. C. Goodall, Hubbard Fos- 
ter, H. D. Bath, Jos. Garlinghouse, A. Conkey, J. H. Mead, 
C. B. Adams, R. H. Moses, S. S. Eddy, J. E. White, J. H. 
Bodine, W. H. Swan, Wm. R. Hinds, H. C. Lester, WilHam 
Harding, W. H. Humphrey, J^. A. Seymour, H. H. Scoville, P. 
"W. Neefus, M. D., Ed. W. White, Allen Ayrault, R. S. White, 
M. B. Turpin, E. C. Seymour, A. Harris, W. B. Todd, E. F. 
Fitzhugh. At the present time there are, besides myself, as Rec- 
tor, wardens, H. P. Mills and J. M. Prophet ; vestrymen, H. E. 
Brown, R. H. Brooks, A. Harris, H. H. Scoville, E. C. Sey- 
mour, W. H. Humphrey, A. Sawyer, clerk and treasurer, and 


E. F. Fitzhugh; sexton, R. Stevenson; organist, Miss M. Hin- 
man ; collector. Miss Emma White. 

We have a quartette choir, consisting of Mrs, Ellicott, Miss 
Lily White, Dr. Albert Leach, and J. White. All these ren- 
der voluntary service, which is highly appreciated. Our Sun- 
day school is presided over by the Rector, assisted by Mrs. 
Prophet, Miss J. Mills, Miss L. White, Miss E. White, Mrs. 
Whatham, Mr. A. Sawyer, and Mr. J, White. Our Church 
Guild consists of: Mrs. Bradbury, vice-president; Miss Isabella 
Mills with Miss Jennie Mills, secretary and treasurer ; the other 
officers being, Mrs. A. Sawyer, Mrs. H. E. Brown, and Mrs. F. 
LaRue. Of the other lady members, there are so many, and 
their activity so great, that space is not available to narrate all 
that could be told. Up to my time of writing I have been in 
charge of the parish just six months. Everything is running 
smoothly, and so far as I know, the greatest cordiality and 
good will abounds. I earnestly pray that the present aspect of 
affairs may long continue, and that God will be pleased to bless 
abundantly all efforts put forth in His service by both pastor 
and people. 



[PUBLIC library! 

^^Astor, Lenox and Tilefen , 





In attempting to give a history of the Baptist church of 
Mount Morris village, we are met at the outset with the impos- 
sibility of giving a correct account of its history for the first 
twenty years of its existence, from the fact that the records of 
the church for that period have been lost. 

Previous to the organization of this church, there existed a small 
Baptist Church in the town of Groveland, occupying what was 
called the Norton school house as a place of worship. After 
an existence of a few years its organization was abandoned, and 
on March 1st, 1839, they united with others in forming the 
Baptist Church of this village. 

Among those from Groveland were Deacon Alba Thorp 
(Afterwards Rev. Alba Thorp,) and wife, Asahel l^^orton and 
wife, Calvin Norton, Henry Turner and Philo Mills. These, 
with Deacon John Burt and wife. Doctor Ebenezer Childs and 
w^fe, Benjamin Bills and wife, Mr. Steadman and others, con- 
stituted the Baptist Church of Mount Morris village. 

Its present church edifice is believed to have been built in 
1812 by Edwin Stilson, of the Ridge, the expense of which is 
not now known. The usual services were had at its dedica- 
tion, the sermon being preached by that noble, learned and 
aggressive pioneer minister, Rev. Elon Galusha, then pastor of 


the Baptist church, of Perry, and a son of a former governor 
of Vermont. 

The pulpit was in the north end of the church, -with seats 
facing it, and raised seats at the south end for the choir; so 
that many of the audience were in doubt, whether it was proper 
to turn and face the choir while singing, or remain as they rose, 
but they usually settled it by each one doing as he pleased. 
Some years subsequent to this, an addition was put on the south 
end of the house, and the pulpit placed at that end, and the 
seats changed, with elevated seats for the choir at the north 
end. In the year 1873, the present lecture room and organ 
loft were built, and an organ placed therein, at an expense of 
$2,300, all of which was promptly paid. The recent improve- 
ments in painting the church, and placing new steps at the 
front, are largely due to the untiring efforts of our esteemed 
pastor, Eev. M. W. Hart. 

In regard to the spirtual interests of the church, it can be 
said that they have enjoyed extensive revivals in its history, 
and especially in 1848. A deep religious interest prevailed at 
that time. The pastor, Kev. Chas. L. Bacon, was assisted in 
his labors by that noble, though somewhat eccentric man, the 
late Eev II. K. Stimson, by whose united labors, seconded by 
the blessing of God, about fifty persons were added to the 
church, and among them was the present superintendent of our 
Sabbath school, H. "W. Miller. Other revivals were enjoyed, 
and additions were made from time to time, thus affording spirit- 
ual and material aid. There has been no material change in 
the number of its members since 1844, ranging from 159 at that 
time to 170 in later years. 

It is believed that a Sabbath school has been maintained ever 
since the church was organized, but as no record is found, noth- 
ing can be said of it until about 1850, when the late Hon. K. 


P. Wisner became its superintendent, which place he held with 
usefulness to the school and honor to himself, for more than 
twenty years. During a religious revival in the year 1843, he 
united xdih this church, and remained a member of the church 
of his adoption until his death. He was greatly interested in 
the young people. He was a whole-souled man, warm-hearted 
and sympathetic, ever ready to help the poor and needy. He 
was a leader without assuming the leadership in any depart- 
ment of christian work. He contributed liberally to the sup- 
port of the church and all benevolent objects. He was a gen- 
tleman of the old school, courtly and graceful in manner, loyal 
in all his church relations, a firm believer in all the doctrines 
of the Bible. The church deeply mourned his loss as a judicious 
and safe adviser, in all religious matters. His palatial home 
was ever open to all classes. It was truly a Bethel to all 
ministers of the gospel of Christ. The writer saw Mr. "Wisner 
a day or two before he died, and the last words that fell from 
his lips were "Stand up for Jesus." After his death in 1872, 
Doctor Z. W. Joslyn was elected superintendent, which place 
he held with peculiar ability and success, until his death, in 
1889. Further mention of Dr. Joslyn would be made here, if 
it were not for the fact that a biographical sketch of him is 
inserted elsewhere in this volume. Upon his death, Mr. H. 
W. Miller was elected, as his successor. It is the earnest 
prayer of the church, that he may be spared many years to 
preside over our school. His manly christian spirit is a power- 
ful force which makes for peace and righteousness. 

The pastors of the church and their terms of service have 
been as follows : Eev. Mr. Blakesly, 1839-1840 ; Kev. Mar- 
cena Stone, D. D., 1840-1845; Kev. Charles L. Bacon, 1845- 
1850; Kev. O. I. Sprague, 1850-1853; Kev. Charles Keysor, 
1853-1854; Kev. D. Bellamy, 1855-1859; Kev. J. H. Griffith, 


D. D., 1859-1861, (supply); Rev. J.J. Keyes, 1861-1863 ; Kev. 
A. A. Eussel, 1863-1865; Eev, C. J. Thompson, 1865-1870; 
Kev. David Crosby, 1871-1872; Kev. H. A. Delano, D. D., 
1873-187i; Kev. Philip S. Moxom, D. D., 1875-1879; Kev. S. 
D. Moxley, 1879-1885 ; Kev. A. Chapman, 1885-1886 (supply) ; 
Kev. D. P. Brown, 1886-1888; Kev. II. M. Tefft, 1888 (sup- 
ply); Kev. F. A. Martin, 1888-18S9 ; Kev. M. W. Hart, 1889; 
and, in this large number of names, the church regards itself 
fortunate, that, though differing in ability and usefulness, they 
were thoroughly devoted to their profession. 

The following is a partial list of those who have served the 
village church as trustees and deacons : 

Trustees. — Ebenezer Childs, M. D., William Begole, Charles 
Wood, O. D. Lake, Z. AV. Joslyn, H. W. Miller, A. Palmer, 
H. W. Burt, Xathan Smith, A. J. Moss, K. P. Wisner, Nathan 
D. Bills, William Tallman, John Simerson, C. F. Braman, J, 
A. Lake, J. L. Dodge, Justus J. Guile, J. C. Winters, W. H. 

Deacons. — Henry Turner, Edwin Stilson, John Burt, Augus- 
tus Palmer, William Thorp, O. D. Lake, A. B. MiUard, Perry 
Wisner, James L. Dodge, Hubbard Kelsey. 



In connection with the history of the Baptists in this town 
it may not be out of place to say, that tlie first Baptist church 
in this town was organized at the Kidge, on the twenty-first 
day of June 1823, Avith a small number of members. Their 



meetings were held in school houses and private dwellings, and 
a part of the time were supplied with preaching by Rev. Samuel 
Messenger, of Portage, Rev. Elijah Bennett, and Deacon Dan- 
iel Wisner, a licentiate of ISTunda. In the fall of 1827, they 
built a log meeting house at the Ridge, near where the present 
church now stands. It was large and well furnished with seats 
and stoves, and was a comfortable place of worship at all 
seasons of the year, and was the first house built in the town 
expressly for public worship. It was used for that purpose 
until the present church was built by them, in 1834, the late 
Edwin Stilson being the contractor, at the price of $1,700. 

The first baptism in this church was that of Captain Lewis 
Mills and his wife, from the Presbyterian church. In August 
1832, a powerful revival commenced and meetings were held 
for several days, conducted mostly by Rev. O. H. Reed and 
Rev. Warner Lake, and resulted in the addition to the church 
by baptism of seventy-six persons, between the 25th day of 
August, 1832, and the 21st day of April,1833, forty-four persons 
having been baptised in one day by Rev. Warner Lake and Rev. 
O. H. Reed, and among them many of the most influential 
citizens of that part of the town. Others united by letter so 
that at this time, 1833, the church numbered one hundred and 
sixty. This church continued prosperous, and maintained pub- 
lic worship with settled pastors until about 1849, when, by the 
removal of many, and others joining the village church, it was 
deemed best to abandon its organization, which was done, and 
the church edifice sold to the Methodist Episcopal church, who 
now occupy it as a place of worship. The pastors of this church 
during its existence were : Rev. Ransom Harvey, Rev. War- 
ner Lake, Rev. Amos Chase, Rev. James Shute, Rev. Henry 
Bowen, Rev. Isaac Fargo, Rev. H. G. Mosher. All of whom 
were worthy and successful ministers of Christ. 



About the year 1838, the first Catholic services were held in 
Mount Morris. The Catholics had no church here at that time, 
nor a resident pastor. Father McGuire was, as a sufficiently relia- 
ble tradition has it, the first priest to administer to the spiritual 
wants of these originators of St. Patrick's Church. He was 
succeeded by other priests, who came from Buffalo, Rochester, 
Lima, Portage and Dansville. Services were held in private 
houses,amongthem John Toole's in Damons ville, Thomas Sloan's 
on Conkey street, Keron Ryan's on Hopkins street, and James 
Hart's on the Flats. As work in the construction of the Gen- 
esee Valley canal, which brought most of them here, moved 
in the direction of Tuscarora, then known as Brush ville, a small 
church was erected there, on ground, the use of which was 
donated by Judge Carroll, of Groveland. When operations on 
the canal ceased, services there were discontinued, as the 
members came back to Mount Morris in 1842, and the little 
churcli was subsequently torn down. Being poor and few in 
numbers they did not rebuild until 1851. During those nine 
years, services were again held in private houses, in the old 
school house and in Green's Hall. Among the priests, who 
came occasionally to say mass and preach for them were the 
Rev. Bernard O'Reilly, of Rochester, who afterwards became 



1— I 








Bishop of Hartford, and perished at sea on his return from 
Europe, in 1856, Fathers O'Connor of Buffalo, Maguire of Lima, 
Edward O' Flaherty and Charles Tierney of Dansville, McEvoy, 
Barker, D. D., and Carroll of Rochester, Dolan and Moore of 
Portage, and Fathers McKennas, Murphy and Sheehan of 
either Buffalo or Rochester. 

Under the Rev. Father Maguire, the first church was built 
on the site now occupied by the parsonage, and facing Chapel 
street. It was a very small structure, but was subsequently 
enlarged two or three times to meet the demands of increasing 
membership. Rev. James Ryan, who came here in 1857, was 
the first resident priest in Mount Morris. Owing to poor 
health and an extensive mission, which included several of the 
neiffhborinD- towns, the Rev. J. Z. Kunz assisted him for a short 
time. Father Ryan remained only a year and was succeeded 
by the Rev. Bernard McCool, who also had an assistant, at one 
time, in the person of the Rev. John Yahey, at another, in the 
person of the Rev. R. Stack. 

The Rev. Richard J. Story, now pastor of the Catholic 
Church at Brockport, ]^. Y., succeeded Father McCool, whose 
pastorate continued less than a year. Father Story remained 
in charge four years. Accordingly, in 1862, a new pastor came 
in the person of the Rev. Daniel Moore, who was no stranger 
to the people of Mt. Morris, from the fact that he had attended 
them formerly, but for a short time, from Portage. Father 
Moore remained until March, 1866, when the Rev. Edward 
McGowan was appointed his successor. Father McGowan held 
the charge until 1869, when Rev. David O'Brien succeeded 
him. Under Father O'Brien the house and lot on the corner 
of Chapel and Stanley streets, owned by Jas. Conkey, and 
adjoining the lot on which the church stood, were purchased. 
The old church was moved back and made into a barn and is 


used for that purpose now. The house, ^Yhich stood on the 
corner, was moved and placed on the site of the old church and 
enlarged. The new church was then built on this corner lot. 
It is a brick structure, the dimensions of which are 43x100 feet, 
with a high tower, the base of which is twelve feet square, ex- 
cluding abutments. The corner stone of the church was laid in 
the fall of 1869, and the church was dedicated in February, 
1874. Father O'Brien also established a school in the vestry 
of the old church, but discontinued it after a year. This vestry 
is the wooden building in the rear of the present church and 
now again used for a vestry. 

Father O'Brien left about the first of March, 1874, and Avas 
succeeded by the Rev. M. M. Meagher, who remained in charge 
a little over a year. His successor was the Rev. J. J. Donnelly, 
now pastor of the Catholic Church at Victor, IST. Y. Father 
Donnelly was appointed pastor of the churches at Mt. Morris, 
Geneseo and Nunda on August 1st, 1875, and continued in 
charge until the summer of 1882. In the first year of his pas- 
torate he was assisted for three months by the Rev. Thomas J. 
O'Connell, now pastor of the Catholic Church at Ovid, N. Y. 
Father Donnelly was succeeded by Rev. Chas. Flaherty, during 
whose time the church was frescoed, new pews and two side- 
altars were put in, cement sidewalk was laid in front of the 
church and seventeen and seventy-four one-hundredths acres of 
land on Murray St. were purchased for a cemetery. Rev. 
James II. Day, the present pastor, was appointed May 1st, 1893. 

Before the Conkey house was purchased for a parsonage the 
congregation rented at one time the house now occupied by J. 
F. Donovan on Stanley St., in the rear of the Methodist church; 
at another time, the house on the corner of Chapel and Eagle 
Sts., now occupied by T. J. Gamble, Esq. ; at another, the 
house now occupied by Asa Dalrymple on Hopkins St. 


The Trustees of the church are the Bishop of the diocese, his 
A^icar- General, the pastor and two laj^men, members of the par- 
ish. The present lay-trustees are N. E. DeLany and John 
McMahon. The following gentlemen have served as trustees in 
the past, for periods ranging from 1 to 23 years : Cornelius 
O'Leary (father of Timothy C. O'Leary of Damonsville), Eich- 
ard Burke, James Hart, Daniel Riordon, Dennis Evans, Timothy 
Ilennessy, M, J. Noonan and Peter Schirmer. M. J. Noonan 
served twenty-three years and John Noonan less than one year. 

The estimated value of the church property, including the 
cemetery, is $25,000. The present membership is about two 
hundred families. 



The Second Presbyterian Church of Mount Morris, was or- 
ganized by a committee of the Presbytery of Ontario, in 1830, 
and was received under its care, in January, 1831. Among its 
original members, were Moses Marvin and Ann, his wife, Har- 
riet Speas, Fanny Roland, and Anna Sharp. Sylvester Rich- 
mond and Lucy, his wife, and Milo H. Maltbie and Jerusha, 
his wife, united soon after the church had been organized. 

Rev. Elam Walker was the first minister, and the church was 
much prospered by his labors. He was followed by Rev. 
Messrs. Hall, "Ward, and Lindley. The ruling elders were Moses 


Marvin, Sylvester Roland, and Clark Mather. The deacons 
"were Moses Marvin, and Sylvester Roland. The church main- 
tained a prayer meeting, also a Sabbath school, of which Syl- 
vester Roland and J. McCreary were superintendents. The 
largest number of members, at any one time, w^as about fifty. 
This society never erected a church edifice, but united with a 
school district in the erection of a house, Avhich was used, both 
for church and school purposes ; and ^vhich was situated five 
miles south of Mount Morris village, on the west side of the 
state road. Owing to the organization of a Dutch Reformed 
Church, in that neighborhood, this church was disbanded about 
the year 1839. 



This church was organized in 1839, according to the Dutch 
Reform order, by Rev. Israel Hammond. In 18-11:, the societ}'' 
was incorporated, and the present house of worship was erected. 
In the year 181:6, it was re-organized, as the Second Presby- 
terian Church of Mount Morris, having the following members : 
"Wm. H. Cownover, Jacob Petrie, Peter VanNest, Garrett 
Cownover, John Michael, George S. Kershaw^, Isaac YanDe- 
venter, William Post, Charity VanDeventer, Juliana Dodge, 
Susan Kershaw, Parmela Powers, Margaret C. Howell, Ida 
Post, Anna Conklin, Jane Birch, Elizabeth VanNest, Catharine 


Cownover, Ann YanOrsdall, Sarah YanAuker, Mary Milholen, 
Sarah II. Cownover, Sarah Ann Lashel, Eleanor Howell, Fran- 
cis I. Howell, Ketura Davis, Catharine C. Michael. The fol- 
lowing persons were ordained elders : Aaron Cownover, 
William Howell, James Conklin, Stephen Birch. Deacons : 
William N. Hall, William YanDeventer and Aaron Davis. 
The church was received under the care of the Presbytery of 
Ontario, June 2, 1846. 

From the time of re-organization till October, 1851, the church 
enjoyed the ministrations of the Rev. Peter S. YanKest, and 
during this time changed its relation from Ontario Presbytery, 
Kew School, to Wyoming Presbytery, Old School. September 
2, 1852, the Rev. Thomas L. Dewing became its pastor, and 
was installed, October 20, 1852, and remained one year. In 
the year 1852, the church changed its name from the Second 
Presbyterian Church of Mount Morris, to the Presbyterian 
Church of Tuscarora. In ISTovember, 1853, Rev. Washington 
D. McKinley commenced his labors, as stated supply, resigning 
his charge in August, 186-1. In January, 1865, Rev. Robert W. 
McCormick became pastor, remaining with the church until 
September 1869. In May 1870, the church of Tuscarora 
formed a union with the Presbyterian Church of Union Corners 
and William E. Jones was pastor of the united church for about 
three years, from June 26, 1870. In the interim of vacancies, 
the church had various supplies for a brief period. In 1875, 
the church severed its connection with the Union Corners Church 
and called Rev, Silas McKinney, who ministered about three 
years, and was succeeded by Rev. John Mitchell, January, 1880, 
who also ministered for the term of three years, both of them 
as stated supply. During Mr. Mitchell's term of service, G. 
C. Conklin and E. Marsh Petrie were ordained elders. Rev. 
William F. Millikan was installed, March 20, 1883, remaining 


two years. October 18, 1885, Eev. T. H. Quigley cominenced 
liis labors, and remained as stated supply, until March 22, 1891. 
April 1-1, 1891, by the request of the churches, the Presbytery 
of Eochester consolidated the church of Union Corners with 
the church of Tuscarora. From November 1, 1891, G. W. 
Wesselius supplied the pulpit for six months. February 5, 1893, 
Rev. Allan McQueen was invited to minister to the church, and 
he accepting the invitation, is its present supply. 

Its present board of elders consists of, William Hall, Garret 
C. Conklin, E. Marsh Petrie, and Andrew Sedam. For the 
past few years, the church has suffered by deaths and removals 
so that its numbers are depleted and its financial resources are 
crippled, yet it has steadily maintained its standing. Adjoin- 
ing the church lot, the society owns a comfortable parsonage. 
The Sabbath school was organized in February, 1846. Its pres- 
ent superintendent is John Conklin. The present trustees of 
the society are Edward W. Petrie, Charles Whitenack and Wil- 
son M. Creveling. The Y. P. S. C. E. was organized in Janu- 
ary, 1894. 



The Dutch Eeformed Church of Mount Morris was organized 
in 1841, with the following members: Jacob Brinkerhoof and 
wife, Thomas Johnson and wife, James VanArsdale and wife, 
Kicholas P. Vanllouten and wife, Andrew Whitnack and wife, 


David Westervelt and wife, Peter VanDorn and wife, Peter 
"WMtenack and wife, Abraham YanHouten and wife. Christian 
DeClark and wife, Jacob Yan Wagner, and Crawford Miller, 

In the year 1847, the Rev. James G-. Brinkerhoof became 
pastor of the church, coming to them from New Jersey. Du- 
ring the year, a house of worship, about 30 by 40, was erected 
and dedicated on Dutch street, about a mile north of Tuscarora. 
Jacob Yan Winkle was the builder. Not many united with the 
church, and Mr. Brinkerhoof ceased his labors in 1860. The 
building then remained closed, excepting for funerals and oc- 
casional services, for twenty years; when in 1880 it was sold by 
Jacob Yan Wagner, he being the only one left of the society, 
to the Methodists of Union Corners, by whom it was taken 
down and re-constructed at Union Corners. 



The Free Methodist church of Tuscarora was organized in 
August, 1875, with about thirty members, by Rev. R. M. Sny- 
der, the first pastor, who had held services from March pre- 
vious, and sustained pastoral relations two years. He was suc- 
ceeded by Rev. Wm. South worth, who remained until the fall 
of 1880. Services were held in the school house. As no regu- 
lar pastor succeeded Rev. Wm. Southworth, the organization 
gradually declined, and for some years has ceased to exist. 



The Union School of Mount Morris was organized in 1844, 
by the consolidation of four districts. In 1845, the brick school 
house was built, at an expense of 83,500, which was replaced 
in 1879, by the present one, at a cost of $10,000. In 1857, 
at the suggestion of Lester Phelps, the question of re-organiza- 
tion was discussed, which resulted in the establishment of the 
Union Free School, in accordance with the act of 1853. The 
Board of Education elected at that time, consisted of : Norman 
Seymour, Jr. , John Vernam, Loren J. Ames, Hiram P. Mills, 
Lorin Co}'^, Clark B. Adams, Reuben Sleeper, Zara W. Joslyn, 
and Thomas F. Wilcox. Those subsequently elected, from 
year to year, have been, W. H. Noble, C. L. Bingham, R. T. 
W. French, Charles AVoodman, S. L. Rockfellow, J. H. Bodine, 
A. B. Millard, W. A. Mills, B. Swett, Wm. Sickles, H. W. 
Miller, M. II. Mills, W. Richmond, H. E. Brown, P. Yeomans, 
F. E. Hastings, A. P. Dean, II. Harding, Archibald McArthur, 
E. A. MiUs, II. S. Wigg, W. II. Swan, J. J. Barrett, A. Ay- 
rault, James Gamble, A. Long, J. H. Noonan, Dr. J. M. 
Ilagey, J. M. Hastings, J. S McNeilly, N. A. Seymour, J. W. 


[[public library 



Sickles, Dr. F. B. Dodge, F. M. Joslyn, T. Hudson, J. M. 
Prophet, and C. P. Olp. 

Since 1857, the list of Principals is as follows : I. McMahon, 
G. S. Hastings, F, E. Pierce, H. M. Smith, H. M. Morey, W. 
M. Benson, A. J. Thomas, R. Green, Z. A. Colburn, H. A. 
Balcom, H. Allison, W. H. Allen, W. P. Heston, I. O. Best, 
L. P. Bissel, B. Lewis, E. C. Stringer, J. F. Forbes, G. F. 
Slocum, W. S. Smith, E. A. Parks, G. A. Kneeland, J. S. 
Burritt, F. C. Cudebec, A. Mitchell, A. M. Curtis. 

The following ladies have occupied the position of assistant 
in the academic department : Ann Clarke, Mary Green, Mary 
E. Joslyn- Jennie Chamberlain, Sarah A. Ford, Ann E. Ken- 
drick, Sarah O. Peck, Catherine Hinman, Ella Bacon, Sabry 
Phillips, Emma Darling, Miss Salt, Miss Crane, Anna McBride, 
Frances Witter, Adelle Raynor, Anna M. Lewis, Rilla LaForge, 
Florence Brown, Mina F. S. Powers, Luella Eobinson. 

Besides the main building, on Chapel street, to which refer- 
ence has been made, there are two other buildings to accom- 
modate the younger pupils ; one in the southern, and the other 
in the northern part of the village ; which are also under the 
control of the Board of Education. 



In the year 1836, the inhabitants of the village of Mount 
Morris, realizing the necessity of being protected against fire, 


held a public meeting, in the month of August, and the sum of 
five hundred dollars was voted to purchase a fire engine, hooks 
and ladders. In the following month of September, the trus- 
tees of the village purchased a No. 3 rotary engine, from parties 
in Windsor, Averment, which cost about three hundred dollars, 
and in February 1S37, the first Fire Department was organized. 
The engine company consisted of twenty-four members, and the 
hook and ladder company of ten members. The initiation fee 
was seventy-five cents. Any member refusing to do duty was 
to pay a fine of two dollars. A chief engineer, assistant, and 
four fire wardens were chosen. Every house-keeper and shop- 
keeper were required to keep a leather and Avooden fire bucket 
at the entrance to their premises. The first chief engineer was 
John I^n". Hurlburt, his assistant was Jesse Peterson. Eeuben 
Sleeper was president of the village, and George Hastings, 
clerk. In September, 1852, at the burning of the Presbyterian 
church, the little engine, proving worthless, was, by the orders 
of John Yernam and Augustus Conkey, then trustees of the 
village, drawn into the fire and destroyed. The orders given 
were, "let her go boys." Of the members of the company, I 
know but little. I am informed, that the late Norman Sey- 
mour was a member and that he kept his certificate of member- 
ship, which he no doubt valued highly, as a memento of the 
first fire department of Mount Morris. The village engine 
having been cast into the fire on account of its failure to work, 
a line was formed, composed of men, women and boys, extend- 
ing from the canal to the fire, and pails of water passed from 
one person to the next along the line, and in this manner the 
adjoining buildings were saved. 

In those days, the fire companies were required to make a 
monthly report to the village trustees. In an old document is 
found the followino: : 


"A report of engine ISTo. 1., April 1, 1837. To the trustees 
of the village of Mount Morris : In compliance with the vil- 
lage ordinance, I now submit a brief report of the condition of 
our company. The fire engine and its apparatus is in good 
condition and ready for service at any time when it shall be 
wanted. Our company is full, consisting of twenty-four mem- 
bers, all present and ready for duty save two, who will be soon. 
The members of the company are not as yet provided with a 
fire hat, but will as soon as the law requires. The company 
has met for exercise once a month, every first Monday of the 
month. Ichabod Thurston, Captain ; Moses Camp, Clerk. 

In October, 1852, a large and enthusiastic meeting of the 
tax-payers of Mount Morris was held, for the purpose of de- 
vising some means of protection against fire. At this meeting, 
it was voted to raise $1,200 to purchase a fire engine and hose, 
and the board of village trustees was directed to organize a fire 
department. The following December an engine, hose cart, 
and a quantity of leather hose arrived. This engine was known 
as No. 1, A company of forty men was ready to receive it. 
Dr. A. H. Hoff was foreman, and J. C. Yernam assistant ; 
Henry Swan was chief engineer, and J. C. Goodrich assistant. 
The company adopted the name, "Genesee Chief, ]S'o. 1." 
Soon afterwards a hose company was organized. About 
the same time, the sum of $300 was raised by subscription, a 
second hand engine was bought at Rochester, and the second- 
engine company was organized, composed of about forty young 
men. Abraham Yernam was foreman, and C. E. Martin, assist- 
ant. This company adopted the name, "Water Witch No. 2." 
The original subscribers to the purchase of the engine trans- 
ferred all their right and title to the company on the following 
conditions: "That the company and engine should be under 
the control of the corporate authorities of the village, and not 


disband for the terin of three years, from the first of Jaiiuar}', 
1S53." I remember well the time when this newly organized 
fire department, composed of two engine companies, and one 
hose company, in all one hundred men, handsomely uniformed, 
and the apparatus profusely decorated with flowers, appeared 
on our streets for the first time. In less than two years from 
its organization, Genesee Chief N^o. 1, disbanded. In January, 
1855, the trustees of the yillage transferred to company No. 2, 
engine IS'o. 1., on the conditions, that the company change its 
name and number, and transfer to the corporation all right and 
title in No. 2., the corporation to pay the company one hun- 
dred dollars. This proposition was accepted by the company, 
and the name "Water AVitch No, 2," was chano:ed to "Liying; 
Stream Engine Co. No. 1," and the motto "Onward to Save" 
was adopted. 

In 1S57 a new company was organized for No. 2. This 
company also adopted the name "Water Witch, No. 2," and 
retained this name up to 1860, when a new engine was pur- 
chased and old No. 2 exchanged as part payment. It may be 
worthy of note that, on the night of the arrival of the engine, 
one of the most destructive fires that ever visited Mt. Morris 
occurred, destroying, in all, ten buildings. On the arrival of 
the new engine, the company changed its name from "AVater 
Witch" to "Neptune No. 2." At this time another hose com- 
pany Avas organized and attached to "Neptune No. 2," each 
engine having a distinct hose company. These companies were 
known as "Empire Hose Co., No 1," and "Union Hose Co., 
No. 2." On the completion of the Mills Water Works, in 
1879, Neptune Co. No. 2, deeming it unnecessary to continue its 
organization, disbanded, having been in service about nineteen 

In March, 1873, the two hose companies united and adopted 


the name "Independent Hose," and afterward changed to 
< 'Active Hose," which it has retained to the present time. In 
1882 the company received a neat and substantial four-wheel 
hose carriage, capable of carrying about 800 feet of hose. It 
is furnished with hose pipes, lanterns, axes and rubber over- 
coats. The cart was built in Rochester and cost $350, pur- 
chased in part by the com.pany, the balance by an appropria- 
tion from the corporation. 

In January, 1874, a hook and ladder company was organized, 
with C. O. Thomas, foreman; W. H. Gregg, assistant. The 
apparatus consists of a substantial truck, hooks and ladders, 
axes and four Babcock extinguishers. It was purchased in New 
York, with funds raised by subscription, and cost about 1^700. 
The company and its apparatus have proved to be an indis- 
pensable part of the department. Of the original members, 
Charles Harding is the only one now a resident of this place 
who has remained a member up to the present time. 

The Protective Fire Company was organized in March, 1875. 
The apparatus consisted of a bucket carriage, buckets, ladders, 
axe, bar, and two Babcock extinguishers. This company proved 
to be a valuable addition to the department, as with its light 
equipment it was enabled to reach a fire much sooner than the 
heavier and more complicated apparatus, and by a timely use 
of buckets and extinguishers, would succeed in extinguishing a 
light fire, and the drenching and damage caused by water from 
hose would be avoided. The carriage was built in this village, 
by the late A. P. Dean, and paid for in part by an appropriation 
from the corporation. This company was disbanded in Decem- 
ber, 1892. 

In 1883, by order of the board of village trustees, engine 
luio. 1 was removed and replaced by 'No. 2, and good old 
No, 1, having fought many a hard battle and serving faith- 


fully 31 years, was laid aside to rest. In 1884, by an act of 
the trustees of the village, ISTo. 1 was changed into an engine 
and hose company combined, to be known as "Living Stream 
Engine and Hose Company, No. 1." This company is de- 
serving of much credit for preserving a continuous organization 
from 1852 up to the present time, 1891. In 18oG, the ladies 
presented the company with a handsome silk banner. It is in- 
scribed on one side, "Presented by Ladies," on the other a 
large gilt star, under which are the words, "Our Hope." This 
banner is carefully preserved in the company's rooms. 

The department consists of about seventy-five men. The ap- 
paratus is in good condition, with several hundred feet of 
substantial hose. 

The companies have pleasant and tastily furnished rooms in 
the third story of the village building. The officers of the 
department and of the several companies are as follows : 

Fire Department. — John Gorman, President; Frank E. 
"Wakeman, Vice-President; Charles Harding, Secretary and 
Treasurer; J. C. Winters, Chief Engineer; Walter Sawyer, 

Living Stream Hose Company, No. 1. — William Patton, 
Foreman ; John Bickf ord, Assistant. 

Active Hose Company, No. 2. — George Norton, Foreman; 
Robert Croston, Assistant. 

Hook and Ladder Company. — James S. McNeilly, Foreman; 
Charles Harding, Assistant. 




Mount Morris Lodge, No. 122, F. and A. M., was organized 
in 1847, with the following members: William D. Morgan, 
John Yernam, Joseph Faver, Eli Lake, Alfred Dean, Henry 
Maxwell, Ebenezer Damon, Elias B. Briggs, Walker M. Hin- 
man, Prentice Pendleton, George G. Williams, David A. Miller, 
Samuel H. Fitzhugh, William M, Bond, George IT. Williams 
and Flarmon Howe. 

The Lodge meetings were held in the Green Building for 
several years, when a removal was made to the Davis Block. 
The rooms in this block were occupied until 1871, when fire 
destroyed them ; the Lodge losing all of its furniture, records 
and its Charter. A removal was then made to the Empire 
Block. On June 5th, 1874, the Grand Lodge of the State of New 
York, granted to this Lodge a duplicate Charter. The Charter 
was granted to James Yeomans, W. M. ; Edward R, Bangs, 
S. W. , and Isaac McNeilly, J. W. The Lodge continued to 
hold its meetings in the Empire Block until February, 1889, 
when fire again destroyed the rooms and all of its property. J. 
E. Lee Post, G. A. R. , kindly offered the use of their rooms, 
and meetings were held in these rooms until the following June 
when the Lodge moved into its present quarters in the Mayer 
Block on Chapel street. 

From the time of the granting of the duplicate Charter until 
1878, James Yeomans continued to be Master of the Lodge. 
Upon the removal from town of Brother Yeomans, Dr. H. M. 
Dayfoot succeeded him. Brother Dayfoot served three years, 
when, upon his removal to Rochester, he was succeeded by W. 


H. Humphry. Brother Humphry served as Master tw^o years, 
and was followed by ^V. A. Sutherland, Esq., v>^ho served one 
year. Brother Sutherland is now Senior Grand AVarden of the 
Grand Lodge of the State of New York. After Brother Suth- 
erland, F. S. Peer served one year, and was followed by Charles 
"W. Bingham, who served two years. Brother Bingham was 
followed by J. M. Hastings, who served one year ; Brother 
Hastings by Louis O. Santmire, who served two years ; Brother 
Santmire by John H. Burtis, who served two years, and who 
was followed by F. B, Dodge, who is now serving his second 

Since the organization of the Lodge in 1847, it has had 437 
members, of whom 84 are now in good standing. Samuel L. 
Kockfellow has been a Mason the longest of any person, now 
living in town, who Avas raised in this lodge. Wm. R, Annis 
has held the longest continuous membership, with Joseph P. 
Olp, second. Brother Rockfellow was raised July 27th, 1851 ; 
Brother Annis, February 18th, 1855, and Brother Olp, Sep- 
tember 15th, 1855. 

Owing to the fact that the Lodge rooms have twice been de- 
stroyed by fire, and the records burned, it is impossible to give 
a complete history of the Lodge and the names of all of its 
Masters. During its early history, Col. Hurlburt, McNeil 
Seymour and Lorin Coy graced the Master's chair. Among 
the names upon the roll of this lodge, the memory of that of 
Charles L. Bingham is "held in high veneration by the Craft," 
and the older members credit his administration, as Master, as 
the most brilliant in the history of the Lodge. 

As it has been in all ages, the best men of the community 
have been members of this Lodge. Men who have been prom- 
inent in business, in the trades aud professions, have been iden- 
tified with this grand fraternal organization. 


BELWOOD LODGE, ^O. 315, I. O. O. F. 

For some time, a move had been on foot to establish a lodge 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows in the village of Mt. 
Morris; and on Tuesday, March 1, 1888, pursuant to a notice 
given, the Grand Officers of the Grand Lodge, of the State 
of New York, appeared and instituted Belwood Lodge, ]N"o. 
315. Present, Fred W. Cole, Grand Master; James Terwilli- 
ger. Grand Secretary; H. M. Olmsted, Grand Conductor; G. 
W. Bennett, District Deputy Grand Master. The Grand Sec- 
retary called a list of petitioners for a Charter, and the follow- 
ing petitioners answered to their names : John H. Burtis, 
Jerome B. Hurlburt, John H. Brown, Edward W. Bangs, and 
Geo. S. Putnam. They were then duly instituted as Belwood 
Lodge, No. 315, of the State of New York, and proceeded to 
the election of officers, when the following officers were elected 
and installed : P. G., Geo. S. Putnam; N. G., John H, Bur- 
tis ; Y. G. , Edward W. Bangs ; Secretary, John H. Brown ; 
Treasurer, Jerome B. Hurlburt; O. G., J. B. Eoyce; I. G., 
James Parkeson; R. S. N. G., F. H. Moyer; L. S. N. G., 
F. D. Brown; R. S. Y. G., L. C. Crapsy; L. S. Y. G., Peter 
Wyant; R. S. S., II. W. HoUister; L. S. S., E. J. Sickles. 

The following members were admitted by card, Geo. M. 
ShuU, Geo. S. Carr, James Parkeson, Jacob Tallman, A. J. 
Crissy, F. D. Brown, David Hurlburt, and Chas. Carpenter. 

The following members were admitted by initiation : William 
R. Annis, Joseph Mason, Henry YanYalkenburg, Edwin J, 
Sickles, Allen Ayrault, A. M. Baker, Leslie C. Crapsy, F. H. 
Moyer, J. B. Royce, H. W. Hollister, L. W. Cornwell, Peter 


"Wyant, William Patton, L. O. Santraier, Peter Chapman, S. 
T. Ilayward, C. R. AVarford, N. A. Seymour, F. P. Ilinman. 

Thus started one of the noblest institutions with which the 
village of Mount Morris was ever blest, and too much praise 
cannot be given the worthy brothers, who first undertook this 
noble work, and it has succeeded beyond their most sanguine 
expectations At the second meeting of the Lodge, held March 
8, 1888, a check for 825 was received from Mrs. S. S. How- 
land with which to buy an altar, with her best wishes for the 
prosperity of Belwood Lodge, for which a vote of thanks was 
given Mrs. Howland, for her kind regards and present. At 
the meeting of March 22, 1888, the time for holding meetings 
was changed from Thursday to Tuesday evenings of each week. 
Fortune seemed to smile on Belwood Lodge, and her growth 
and prosperity was marvelous. There was not a cloud appeared 
on her horizon, until August 21, 1888, when the Lodge rooms 
were destroyed by fire, and again on Feb. 9, 1889, they were 
totally destroyed, together with contents, and the loss was heavy. 
To be burned out twice within one year was a hard blow to the 
young lodge, but by fortitude and perseverance, they overcame 
all obsticles and continued to grow and prosper. 

The Lodge has suffered the loss by death of the following 
members, who were buried according to the rites of the order : 
Borther J. B. Royce died March 12,1889; Peter Wyant, July 
6, 1889 ; James Beggs, September 20, 1889 ; David Hurlburt, 
Novembers, 1889; C. B. White, February 16, 1890; Geo. B. 
Nixon, October 15, 1891; James Gorton, December, 1892; F. 
G. Wicker, October, 1892. 

The following brothers are Past Grands of the lodge, and 
have justly earned their honorable title by faithful work and 
fidelity : John II. Burtis, E. J. Sickles, S. II. Jacobs, Geo. S. 
Putnam, L. J. Howell, E. W. Bangs, A. J. Crissy, Richard 


Fraser, A. L. D. Campbell, Asa P. "Wood, John H. Brown, 
F. D. Brown, H. W. HoUister, A. M. Baker. 

The present officers of the Lodge are: ]^. G., E. M. Stroud, 
Y. G. , James Bush ; Secretary, H. W. Hollister; Treasurer, 
E. J. Sickles; Warden, Earl Ayrault; Conductor, Mr. Har- 
rington; R. S. N. G., E. W. Bangs; L. S. K G., F. G, 
Moses; E. S. V. G., A. L. D. Campbell; L. S. Y. G., James 
Stocking; K. S. S., L. M. Comfort; L. S. S., Jacob I^ast; I. 
G., James Parkeson; O. G. Frank Titsworth. 

During the six years of its existence, the Lodge has had a 
steady growth, and now has an active membership of eighty- 
five, and is in a very prosperous condition. 



On the evening of April 4, 1846, nearly half a century ago, 
twelve young men, residents of the village, some being in their 
minority, having completed their school life, met at the Eagle 
Hotel, then kept by Eiley Scoville, father of the present pro- 
prietor, and organized themselves into a society, which they 
named the "Twelve Brothers;" the object being to cement for 
life their mutual friendship. At this meeting, they also re- 
solved, that their walk through life should be strictly on the 
line of honor and probity, and that their actions should be such 


as to meet the approval of Heaven, and the respect of all men 
■with whom they might be brought in contact. A record was 
kept, and to a constitution, embodying the above, each signed 
his name, with age and birth place affixed. Following are the 
names : Frederick Davis, Jr. , David M. Childs, John "VY. 
Ilurlburt, Samuel W. French, Orson P. Allen, Herman AV. 
Earnum, Augustus H. Mershon, William A. Teneyke, Samuel 
L. Rockfellow, Charles S. Yernam, Charles L. Burpee, and 
William D. Farnham. They further resolved to meet annually 
on the 28th day of December, at the same place, so long as 
life should be spared them, or, if impossible, to address a letter 
for reading by those present. 

Several successive meeting were held and attended b}'^ most 
of the members; but as time progressed, and they became 
widely scattered, the oft repeated experience was realized, that 
it is much easier to make resolutions, than to keep them, so it 
was in 1871, a quarter of a century after the organization, 
when the next meeting was held. In the mean time, death 
had claimed three of the number and three were lost to view. 
Three, however, were present, viz. : Eockfellow, Davis, and 
Mershon (the later has since died), and letters were read from 
Childs, then in London, England, and from Barnum and Allen, 
who had been for many years missionaries in Asiatic Turkey. 
It is worthy of mention that those who met on this occasion, 
supped at the same table and in the same room, that the twelve 
occupied at their first meeting, a quarter of a century preAious ; 
also that Henry Scoville, who, as a boy, waited on them at 
their first meeting, attended them as landlord at this reunion. 
Since that date there has been no meeting, but the records are 
carefully preserved by Mr. Davis, who now resides in Watkins^ 
Kew York. 


A. O. U. W. 

The Ancient Order United Workmen, (A. 0. U. W.,)isa 
fraternal protective association, maldng provision for widows 
and orphans, and not barring from its provisions those of near 
kinship nor relationship. As the first society of its kind in this 
country, it was organized in Meadville, Pa., in 1868, and num- 
bers at present, about three hundred and fifty thousand. The 
certificates of membership are issued uniformeiy for two 
thousand dollars, to be paid at the death of the member, to 
such person or persons of near kin, as shall be designated in 
said certificate of membership. Genesee Yalley Lodge, located 
at Mount Morris, 1^. Y. , was instituted, January 30, 1878, 
with about twenty charter members, from some of the most 
active business men of the village, including such names as Dr. 
H.M. Dayfoot, W. H. Swan, Henry Gale, J. C. Winters, Hath- 
orn Burt, John M. Prophet, C. F. Braman, Adam Seeh, C. H. 
Gladding, John and George White, and others. It has 
increased in numbers, influence and usefulness, and holds a 
prominent place in society. A. M. Baker is Deputy for Liv- 
ingston county, and has been for a number of years. The 
present officers are : J. Walker, Master Workman ; Thomas 
Baker, Recorder ; and A. J. Crissy, Financier. 


The Select Knights are a similar organization to the A. O. 
U. W., but differing somewhat in their form of initiation, and 


the amount of benefits, dress, etc., being semi-militar}'' in their 
parades, and attractive to young men who have a liking for a 
military show. In case a member beconjes permanently dis- 
abled, either by accident or sickness, said member is entitled to 
one-half of the amount of his certificate ; but in order to entitle 
him to the half benefit while living, he must pass a special ex- 
amination of physicians appointed by the officers of the parent 
organization. The Order admits ladies' auxiliaries, and mem- 
bers of such auxiliaries are entitled to the same benefits as are 
guaranteed to male members. A subordinate Lodge, (Legion,) 
of the Select Knights was instituted in Mount Morris, Septem- 
ber, 1885, through the active labors of A, M. Baker, with 
twenty-eight charter members, and including some of the most 
prominent men in the village and town, and others scattered 
in different parts of our county. Its officers are : A. J. Crissy, 
Commander; W. D. Pitt, Recorder; A. M. Baker, Recording 
Treasurer; J. M. Prophet, Treasurer. 


The Equitable Aid Union is another of these fraternal benefit 
societies, but differing from the A. O. U. W., and Select 
Knights, in its form of initiation, the amount of benefits, the 
age of admission, and the character of its members. It admits 
males and females alike, and pledges amount of benefits varing 
from two hundred and fifty, to three thousand dollars. It has 
a large membership in Mount Morris, and has distributed 


thousands of dollars to the families of deceased members, and 
is doing much by its endowments in relieving the wants of the 
unfortunate living, as well as the aged. The Mount Morris 
branch, union 151, was organized in 1880, with such men and 
women as Dr. Henry Povall, George Wooster, Jacob Wagner, 
William M. Ostrander, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Austin, Mr. and 
Mrs. Ira T. Hollister, JohnH. Burtis, with a number of younger 
men, as charter members. Present officers : Daniel F. Russel, 
President ; Mrs. Allie M. Campbell, Secretary ; A. M. Baker, 
Accountant and Treasurer. The Ancient Order United Work- 
men, the Select Knights, and the Equitable Aid Union, have a 
beautiful hall fitted up in comely style, on Chapel street, where 
they each gather regularly at stated intervals, to transact busi- 
ness, and for social intercourse. 

C. M. B. A. 

The Catholic Mutual Benefit Association was organized at 
Niagara Falls in July, 1876. Branch 94 was organized in Mt. 
Morris, April, 1886. The object of the Association is to improve 
the moral, mental and social condition of its members ; to edu- 
cate them in integrity, sobriety and frugality ; to endeavor to 
make them contented with their position in life, and to aid and 
assist members of their families in case of death. Its officers 
are as follows : Spiritual Adviser, Eev. James H. Day ; Presi 
dent, N. E. DeLany; Vice-President, J. A. Coultry; Treas- 
urer, Fred Beuerlein, Jr. ; Financial Secretary, Barney Beuer- 
lein; Recording Secretary, W. H. O'Donnell. 



On the 2-1-tli day of February, 1891, there was instituted 
at Mt. Morris a Council of the above order, known as Alert 
Council, No. 25, with twenty-two charter members, viz : G. 
M. Shull, Frank. B. Dodge, James Gorton, Charles Gladding, 
Nathan Gladding, C. C. Willard, W. B. Todd, Allen Ayrault, 
George L. Carr, John Burtis, W. D. Pitt, V. C. Baker, S. E. 
Wright, J. L. White, W. H. Nott, Louis Santmire, Archibald 
Wasson, John H. Brown, M. Matteson, George S. Putnam, C. 
J. Mills, A. J. Crissy. After the three degrees had been con- 
ferred upon the above members by Frank E. Munger, Supreme 
Secretary, the foUoAving officers were elected for the first year : 
Commander, W. D. Pitt; Past Commander, F. B. Dodge, 
Secretary, S. E. Wright; Receiver, A. J. Crissy; Treasurer, 
James Gorton. The Empire Knights of Relief is an insurance 
organization which pavs, on the death of its members, §1,000, 
$2,000 and §3,000, has a graded assessment rate and levies one 
assessment each month. The main office of the order is at 
Buffalo, N. y. Since the organization of Alert Council, one 
member has been removed by death. Brother James Gorton. 
Several brothers have removed from the town and been trans- 
ferred to other Councils ; this, coupled with two or three with- 
drawals, leaves Alert Council at the present time with but 
nineteen active members. Following are the officers at the 
present time : Commander, V. C. Baker ; Past Commander, 
W. D. Pitt; Secretary, S. E. Wright; Receiver, A. J. Crissy; 
Treasurer, W. H. Nott. 



This club ^Yas organized in April, 1892. Norman A. Sey- 
mour, witli several other gentlemen, being satisfied that our 
beautiful village should have some place for social and literary 
intercourse, met and organized the above club, securing three 
large rooms in the Eagle Block on Main street. The following 
were the officers elected : President, Normam A. Seymour ; 
Vice-President, Maurice J. Noonan; Treasurer, Frank E. 
"Wakeman; Secretary, J, M. Murphy; Trustees, M. E. Gore, 
J. C. Winters, Thomas Hudson. The aforesaid officers, to- 
gether with the following named gentlemen, constituted the 
list of charter members : F. C. Simerson, Geo. M. ShuU, fC, 
L. Bingham, C. W. Bingham, J. M. Prophet, F. B. Dodge, F. 
W. DeCamp, J. C. Galbraith, H. E. Brown, F. E. VanDorn, 
J. M. Hastings, J. F. Connor, J. C. Dickey, Allen Ayrault, C. 
F. Braman, Jr. , Eugene Ferris. The following gentlemen have 
since been admitted to membership : C. W. Gamble, Louis L. 
Galbraith, Dr. W. H. Povall, E. K. Creveling, G. S. Ellicott, 
N. N. Nast, D. F. Kussell, O. C. Matteson, C. B. Galbraith, 
J. F. Donovan, S. S. Howland, Dr. Albert E. Leach, E. F. 
Fitzhugh, Howard Bingham. — f Deceased. 

JAY E. LEE POST, NO. 281, G. A. E. 


This Post, which is located in Mount Morris, New York, was 
organized and chartered July 19, 1882, and named for a brave 


and loyal volunteer, who served his country with credit and 
distinction during its most trying hours. Jay E. Lee was com- 
missioned Captain of the 24th N. Y. Independent Battery, and 
served with the same until discharged at the close of the war. 
For the next three years following, he held the agency, and 
had charge of the IN^ew York State Soldiers Bureau, for claims 
at Washington, D. C. On his return to this place, he practiced 
law, until his health failed, and he died October 11, 1873, from 
disease contracted while in the service. The following are the 
names of the charter members of the Post : W. F. Devening, 
J. I. DeGroff, C. J. Perry, H. W. Claxton, M. L. Scoville, J. 
A. Ross, C. J. Mills, D. McCarty, Z. Wright, J. McArthur, 
C. D. Chilson, T. W. Parker, W. Kemp, J. J. Hillman, J. W. 
Sickles, J. T. Smith, II. Burt, Frank Fogey, G. M. ShuU, W. 
Williams, Jas. Ryan, R. Talbot. The Post has lost by death, 
since its organization, six comrades, whose remains are lying in 
our cemetery, and it has on its roll, at the present, sixty-two 
comrades. The present officers of the Post are as follows : 
Zalmon Wright, Commander ; James H. Kelley, S. V. Com- 
mander; Harvey G. Johnson, J. Y. Commander; John H. 
Burtis, Quartermaster ; Henry W. Claxton, Officer of the Day ; 
Charles J. Mills, Adjutant ; Lewis Bryant, Surgeon ; John S. 
Baker, Chaplain ; Jas. Ryan, Officer of the Guard ; Dennis Mc- 
Carty, Sergeant-Major; Jerome McArthur, Quartermaster- Ser- 
geant. Its present Commander, Zalmon AYright,is Commissioned 
Aide-de-Camp on the Staff of John C. Shotts, Commander 
Department of New York, G. A. R. 



The following is a list of those who were residents of Mount 
Morris, and enlisted in the volunteer service of the late war of 

^Willis M. Ashton, Seiner Armstrong, ^Prosper Annis, *W. 
Aplin, Perry J. Ashton, *George Atwood, John Q. Adams, 
^Elijah Atwood, *Col. Joseph H. Bodine, *John Beggs, *Lieu- 
tenant Albert M. Bingham, Warren Brady, Walter Burdick, 
George W. Barney, Jr. , K. W. Barney, Parker Brooks, Kelsey 
Bergen, Henry Bliss, *John Bliss, *George Bingham, ^William 
Blood, Capt. John Burges, *Capt. Charles Burt, *Hathorn Burt, 
C. F. Braman, *Wm. Beers, *E. C. Camp, *A. Y. Cothrill, 
*Emerson Crowley, Levi Cothrill, John Callahan, *Michael 
Carroll, Lyman Crowley, B. S. Coffin, C. D. Chilson, H. G. 
Chamberlain, *Wm. F. Carpenter, Thomas Conley, Jeremiah 
Cullinan, *E. Elijah Coffin, Henry Crawford, Geo. Chambers, 
Geo. B. Calton, Henry W. Claxton, *Cornelius Cassidy, Alex- 
ander E. Chichester, Almarian Crandall, Geo. H. Coffin, Frank 
Chilson, Wm. Chilson, Frank M. Chilson, *Zebulon Doty, John 
I. DeGroff, Cornelius Donovan, *Elvyrian P. Dalrymple, *F. 
Manning Dalrymple, ^James Dale, Anthony Dunlavy, John 
Dunn, '^ James Driscoll, *A. P. Dean, *Wilber Diffenbacker, 
John L. DaboU, B. F. Demming, Wm. H. Drake, Wm. H. 
Dart, Peter Drake, John Dunlavy, * Edward M. Eastwood, W. 
H. Ellison, Giles Foote, Thomas Foose, Francis Flynn, *W. 
Garrett, Patrick Galbraith, *Henry J. Garrett, *John Gal- 
braith, *Daniel Geary, Dwite Graham, "^Michael Graley, *W. 
Gleason, Lieut. Henry Gale, *Joseph Garlinghouse, Lieut. John 
J. Galbraith, Jacob Gunn, Theadore Gunn, Edward Hosmer, 


*Ira Hayes, ^Smitli Hurlburt, Stephen Hay ward, Lieut, Charles 
Harding, George Ileliker, *Henry Higgins, I, William Huggins 
*Wilbur Hoyte, Charles House, Charles Hinman, *Henry Hunt, 
Edward F. Hart, J. "Wesley Hand, Henry W. Hand, Henry 
Harvey, William Hampton, Franklin Hay ward, Sidney Hall, 
John Hagardorn, John Johnson, AValter Kemp, Frank Kelley, 
James H. Kelley, James Kane, W. S. Knappenberg, Hiram 
Loomis, Lieut. Herbert C. Lancy, *]N"icholas Laforce, Samuel 
Leddick, -Capt. Jay E. Lee, AVm. Loomis, Henry Limrick, -C. 
E. Martin, Rob'tMcISTeilly, Franklin Morgan, Hiram Merithew, 
*John Murdock, John Mead, ^-Daniel Minnehan, Dennis Mc- 
Carthy, ^Eugene L. Martin, ^Charles A. Martin, ^Thomas Mc- 
iS'eilly, *Archibald McArthur, Elikean Minor, Fenton McCarty, 
Michael Minnehan, Henry McArthur, *Francis McWithey, * W. 
Mack, Edsom Marshall, John Miller, Michael McCormick, W. 
McClerry, -^Samuel McNeilly, *John V. Maltbie, John Mc- 
Carthy, Jerome McArthur, Loren Morell, Henry McCollough, 
Joseph Malone, Frank ISTorthway, Samuel Nichols, Wm. Nimbs, 
*Thomas Nicholson, C. W. Ogden, -- Michael O'Brien, Charles 
Palmer, Calvin Palmer, Henry Phillips, Geo. S. Putnam, E. 
K. Parker, Thos. W. Parker, Welcome H. Pray, Timothy 
Phalen, Lieut. Oscar Phillips, Charles Peterson, Nelson Peter- 
son, Wm. H. Peterson, *Geo. W. Palmer, *Frank Pierce, C. 
L. Putnam, Jacob Post, T. P. Powers, Leonard Quayle, "^"Thomas 
Ryan, *James Roberts, Nathaniel Rulapaugh, James Ryan, J. 
W. Rulapaugh, -Edward D. Rogers, Gilbert Rulapaugh, *Arte- 
mus Rathburn, -Francis Redman, John T. Robinson, Benja- 
min Rowe, Leonard Reed, *F. B. Russell, James W. Ransom, 
*Frank Richardson, *Smith Rogers, *Alexander Rogers, Pat- 
rick Riley, *Robert Shannon, *George J. Stout, Florance Sul- 
livan, *Bartholmay Sullivan, Walter A. Scribner, *Patrick 
Sullivan, John SkeUey, John T. Smith, John W. Sickles, *CoL 


Mark L. Scoville, Eiley Scoville, *Capt. Howard M. Smith, 
*Kichard Shannon, *Justine Smith, '^Lebanon Shank, Jas. Skuce, 
Frederick Simonds, Allen E. Shaw, Hiram Selover, Daniel 
Strain, James H. Shaw, "^John Scott, *Hugh Skillen, *John 
Slaight, L.L. "W. Shaw, *John Starkweather, *Marsenus Stout, 
C. T. Stout, Jacob Steek, Kamulus Swift, J. "W. Suydam, R. 
Talbot, Benjamin Travers, Lycurgus Twinning, Charles Yoss, 
H. "VV. YanDerbilt, Geo, YanArsdall, *Lieut. Henry Williams, 
H. A. Webster, ^Samuel Weightman, *Isaac E. Williams, Wm. 
Williams, Wirt Winegar, Eugene Webster, William Welch, L. 
C. Willis, Charles B. Wheelock, '^Lieut. Edward Williams, R. 
Wiseman, John Welch, Lieut. Charles Wisner, Luther White- 
nack, A. B. Wiley, Willard Weeks, Lanora Wilson, John 
Whitenack, Robert Welch, L. B. Wheelock, Asher Whitenack, 
John Williams, Oscar Willet, Col. R. P. Wisner, Samuel Yan- 
cer, Ambrose Yancer, James A. Yancer, Joseph Zwager. 
— *Deceased. 


At a meeting of the free holders and inhabitants of the town 
of Mount Morris, Genesee county, and State of New York, per- 
suant to law, on the first Tuesday of April, 1819, for the pur- 
pose of choosing Town Officers and doing other necessary busi- 
ness ; it was voted that, William A. Mills be the Supervisor ; 
Horatio Read, Town Clerk; Allen Ayrault, Jesse Stanley, 
Aaron Adams, Assessors ; Allen Ayrault, Oliver Stanley, Over- 
seers of the Poor ; Samuel Learned, Phineas Lake, Samuel Ran- 
kins, Commissioners of Highways; Horatio Read, Aaron 


Adams, James B. Mower, Commissioners of Common Schools ; 
John BroAvn, Constable and Collector ; Pliineas Lake, Amos 
Baldwin, Wm. A. Mills, James H. McNair, Aaron Adams, J. 
C. Jones, Wm. Lemmon, Fence Viewers ; Ebenezer Dawson, 
Asa Woodford, John Sanford, David H. Pearson, Sterling 
Case, Road Masters ; Abraham Camp, James H. McjSTair, Rich- 
ard W. Gates, Eli Lake, Inspectors of Common Schools ; Enos 
Baldwin, Pound Keeper. 

Voted. That the Supervisor procure a town book, and raise 
money sufficient to obtain the public school money from the 

Voted, To raise twenty-five dollars for support of the poor. 

Resolved, That the following articles be constituted as the 
by-laws for the town of Mount Morris ; adopted according to 
the act in such cases made and provided, namely. 

Article 1. That the fee of Fence Viewers be one dollar per 
day for the time spent in any matter upon which they shall be 
called in their office, and in proportion for more or less time, 
but no fraction of a day to be reckoned as less than half. 

Article 2. That no person shall suffer any Canada thistles 
to go to seed upon his premises, knowingly, under a penalty of 
five dollars. 

Voted, That this meeting be adjourned till the first Tuesday 
in April, 1820, at ten o'clock a. m., at the village school house. 

Horatio Reed, Town Clerk. 


John C. Witt, Supervisor; John F. Donovan, Town Clerk; 
W. M. Creveling, Justice of the Peace ; AVm. Dickey, Collector ; 
Robert Lavey, Commissioner of Highways; C. W. Ogden, 
Assessor ; P. D. Jones, Excise Commissioner. 


-^^- ■ ^ ' 




The principle manufactories of Mount Morris, in 1894, are: 

The Allen Lumber Company. — Established 1863 by Wm. P. 
Allen. Manufacturers of lumber, retailers and wholesale ship- 
pers. Albert Allen, proprietor ; F. S. Thomas, manager. 

The Genesee Valley M'fg Company. — Succeeding the Bodine 
Manufacturing Company in 1880. Manufacturers of the Mis- 
souri Grain and Fertilizer Drill, Bodine Jonval Turbine Water 
Wheels, etc. W. A. Sutherland, President ; S. L. Eockfellow, 
Yice-President and Superintendent ; Wm. H. Coy, Treasurer ; 
A. W. Smith, Secretary. 

The Canning Worhs. — Established in 1878. Yearly output 
about two million cans. Winters & Prophet, Proprietors. 

The Royal Salt Company. — Established in 1884. Capacity 
600 barrels per day. John W. Young, President ; John C. 
Winters, Yice-President and Superintendent ; John M. Prophet, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 

Enterprise Flouring Mills. — S. Bergen, Proprietor; Thomas 
Geary, head miller. 

Equity Flouring Mills. — Roller process. Eebuilt in 1893. 
W. H. Humphry, Proprietor. 

Exchange Flouring Mills. — Poller process. C. B. Galbraith 
& Sons, Proprietors. 

Empire Machine Works. — Builders of Spoke Machines, Oscar 
Allen, manager. 

Mount Morris Illuminating Company. — Established in 1890, 
by Mark D. Hanover. 

Two Broom Factories. — F. C. Simerson is proprietor of one, 
and James Kellogg of the other. 



'•'■The Mount Morris Unioii'^ is, so to speak, one of the land- 
marks of Mount Morris. It bears the distinction of being the 
oldest newspaper published in Livingston county, having been 
established in January, 1834, by Hugh Harding. It was then 
known as the "Mount Morris Spectator." Its name has 
since been changed several times, and it has also been under 
different management, but has always been conducted in the 
interest and welfare of Mount Morris. For a number of 3?-ears 
previous to the fall of 1881, the paper, then known as "The 
LTnion and Constitution," had been owned and conducted by 
"William Harding, In October of that year, Mr. Harding sold 
the plant to George S. Ellicott and John C. Dickey. The new- 
firm changed the name of the paper to "The Mount Morris 
Union," its political color from Democratic to Eepublican, 
added considerable new material, and greatly improved the 
general appearance and character of the paper. Later on they 
put in a new cylinder press, the first one ever brought to Mount 
Morris ; also an engine to operate their machinery by steam 
power. On November 1st, 1893, Mr. Dickey sold his interest 
to Mr. Ellicott by whom the paper has since been conducted. 

'■'■Tlie Mount Morris Enterprise'' "^ was established March 4th, 
1875, by George M. ShuU and Adelbert H. Knapp, who were 
former residents of Dansville, N. Y. In September, 1877, Mr. 
ShuU purchased Mr. Knapp's interest in the "Enterprise," and 
has been its editor and proprietor since that time. The paper, 
politically, has been Democratic since it was founded, yet never 
inconsistent. As to the best interests of the village and town, 
it has at all times endeavored to advocate and sustain every 
enterprise that would fm^ther its growth and prosperity. 



The first cemetery in the town, was located a little to the 
south-west, 01 Avhat was then the school house and church, and 
not far from where now stands the M, E. Church. We have 
no means of ascertaining when or by whom this cemetery was 
laid out, or who was first buried in it. It was probably used 
for about twenty years, or until 1818, when the growth of the 
village demanded its removal. 

Yf hat we now call the Old Cemetery was opened for burial 
purposes in 1818, and Samuel Hopkins was the first to be buried 
there. The bodies in the former cemetery were, at that time, 
removed to this, which was then quite outside the village, and 
very pleasantly located on the hillside, and containing about 
two acres. For many years, the Presbyterian society held 
the deed of this land in trust for burial purposes, because that 
was the only incorporated society in the town ; and not that 
they had any greater privileges or power of dictation, than 
others. In 1872, the Presbyterian society relinquished its 
trust of these grounds to the Cemetery Association of the village 
which has resulted very happily in securing their proper care 
and protection ; so that we are able to assure all those who have 
removed to distant places, and have left with us the care of the 
graves of their loved ones, that the Old Cemetery is carefully 
guarded against any intrusions by unlawful burials, and having 
a good substantial fence, is kept neatly mowed two or three 
times a year. It has long been closed for burial purposes, ex- 
cepting to a few of the old families. Its graves are honored, 
as containing the bodies of those who were pioneers in the set- 
tlement of this town and village. 



At a meeting of the citizens, held July 20th, 1859, it was de- 
cided to organize a cemetery association, in pursuance of an act 
of the Legislature passed April 29th, 1847; and that the cor- 
porate name should be "The Mount Morris Cemetery Asso- 
ciation ; ' ' and that there should be twelve trustees. 

At a subsequent meeting, held July 23d, 1859, the follow- 
ing persons were named as trustees : ^Reuben P. Wisner, 
Hiram P. Mills, * Walter H. Noble, ^Reuben Sleeper, *George 
"W. Branch, *IIiram II. Gladding, * Justine Smith, *IIenry 
Swan, *George Hastings, ^^Clark B, Adams, *Abraham Wigg, 
^Norman Seymour, Jr. At a subsequent meeting of the trus- 
tees, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
Reuben P. Wisner, President ; Hiram P. Mills, Vice-President ; 
Walter H. Noble, Secretary ; Reuben Sleeper, Treasurer. A 
committee was appointed at this meeting to select a suitable 
site, which subsequently reported in favor of purchasing the 
present grounds, which were owned by Hiram P. Mills and 
Abraham Wigg, and located one mile west of Main street; 
being sixteen acres, at one hundred dollars per acre. The 
services of Mr. H. B. Allen, a civil engineer of Arcade, N. Y. , 
were engaged, and the grounds surveyed, and a map made cost- 
ing about $-100. 

At a meeting of the trustees, held October 22, 1859, it was 
decided that dedicatory exercises should be held November 15, 
the proceedings of which we copy from the "Livingston Union" 
bearing date of November 23, '59 : 

"On Tuesday afternoon, 15th inst., the ceremonies of Dedica- 
tion took place — a November sun never shone more bright and 
cheerful. — About half past one a large number of our citizens 


were on the grounds. The exercises commenced by singing the 
following Hymn : — 

Awhile they rest within the tomb 

In sweet repose till morning come ! 

Then rise with joy to meet their God, 

And ever dwell in his abode. 

Celestial dawn ! triumphant hour ! 
How glorious that awak'ning power, 
Which bids the sleeping dust arise, 
And join the anthems of the skies ! 

This weary life will soon be past. 
The lino^'rino- morn will come at last, 
And gloomy mist will roll away 
Before that bright unfading day. 

Dedicatory prayer by Rev. Thos. L. Franklin, after which 
the audience left the field and proceeded to the Presbyterian 
church where the exercises were conducted as follows : Sing- 
ing by the choir of the hymn, "O God, our help in ages past." 
Reading of the scriptures, by Rev. T. L. Franklin. Prayer, by 
Rev. L. Parsons, Jr. — Singing, by the choir. Dedication ad- 
dress, by Rev. Dr. Boardman of Rochester. This address was 
highly appropriate, and for about one hour held an attentive 
and appreciative audience. The theme was a delightful one 
and the orator displayed two strong qualifications seldom found 
in the pulpit, viz : — a logical mind combined with a poetic 
imagination. Concluding address, by R. P. "Wisner, Esq. , on 
the object and duties of the association. — Prayer and benedic- 
tion by Rev. Mr. Harrington. ' ' 

The first burial was that of Robert R. Conkey, aged 41, on 
Tuesday, ISTov. 22, 1859, who, just one week prior to his fun- 
eral, was present on the grounds at their dedication. 


The following, in addition to those already named, have served 
as Trustees : *Loren J. Ames, *MciSreil Seymom-, * Charles L. 
Bingham, ^Zara W. Joslyn, ^Joseph Garlinghouse, Ozro Clark, 
Henry 11. Scoville, *Jacob A. Mead, H. E. Brown, *IIathorn 
Burt, Hugh Harding, Orrin D. Lake, Warren Richmond, Levi 
Parsons, Byron Swett, A. O. Dalrymple, Myron H. Mills, 
*Henry Povall, S. L. Eockfellow, E. B. Osborne. 

The following is a list of the officers, and their terms of ser- 
vice: Presidents — Eeuben P. Wisner, 1859 to 1863; George 
Hastings, 1863 to 1867; Clark B. Adams, 1867 to 1870; Hiram 
P. Mills, 1870 to present time. Yice-Presidents — Hiram P. 
Mills, McNeil Seymour, Henry Swan, Clark B. Adams, Loren 
J. Ames, R. P. Wisner, Z. W. Joslyn, Abraham Wigg, Nor- 
man Sepnour, O. D. Lake. Secretaries — Walter H. Noble, 
1859 to 1882; L. J. Ames, M. D., 1882 to 1891 ; Warren Rich- 
mond, 1891 to present time. Treasurers — Reuben Sleeper, 
1859 to 1862; Charles L. Bingham, 1862 to 1893; H. E. Brown 
1893 to present time. Superintendents — Abraham Wigg, 1860 
to 1867; H. E. Brown, 1867 to present time. Sextons — H. 
Hunt, 1860 to 1868; Geo. Mattocks, 1868 to 1869; H. H. 
Gladding, 1869 to 1874 ; Thos. Harrison, 1874 to 1880 and 1881 
to 1884; Porter KeUogg, 1880 to 1881, 1887 to 1890, 1891 to 
1894 ; P. J. Kingston, 1884 to 1887, and 1890 to 1891 ; Charles 
H. Gladding, 1894 to present time. 

On May 13, 1872, the association accepted a deed from the 
Presbyterian society of the Old Cemetery grounds, and assumed 
the care and direction of the same. This comprises all the real 
estate held by the association at the present time. The asso- 
ciation receives moneys by will or otherwise, as an endowment, 
the interest of which is applied to the care of any specific lot. 
The total amount received from the sale of lots has been 
$15,458.14. Disbursements have been as follows: Purchase 


of land, $1,600; surveys, maps, improvements, roads, fences, 
trees, vault, gateway and general care, $12,458.14; leaving 
a balance invested in bond and mortgage of $1,400. The 
association has never received donations from any source ; and 
about two thirds of the lots remain unsold. The annual meetins: 
of lot owners, for the election of trustees, is at the Genesee 
River National Bank, on the second Tuesday of June, at 7 :30 
p. m. , which is followed immediately by the meeting of the 
Board of Trustees, for the election of officers and the transac- 
tion of business. 
— ^Deceased. 


On April 24, 1885, St. Patrick's congregation, through its 
trustees, Rt. Rev. B. J. McQuaid being present as Diocesan 
President of the Board, purchased of Mrs. E. Skillin, seventeen 
and seventy-four one-hundredths acres of land, on Murray 
street, for a cemetery. The consideration was $4,379,61, and 
St. Patrick's Church property was mortgaged for the amount. 
The cemetery is now incorporated and known as St. Patrick's 
Cemetery. Situated, as it is, on a prominence overlooking our 
beautiful village of Mount Morris, and miles of the picturesque 
valley of the Genesee, its location is eminently suitable. And 
when laid out and its general appearance improved, according to 
design, it will form an ideal resting place for the remains of dear 
departed ones. The first burial, that of the infant child of 
Edward Kelley, took place on April 27, 1885, though the names 
of John Ellis, Mary Ann Dolan and Hannah Price, so appear 
on the cemetery register, as to convey the notion that they 
were buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery previous to the date of 


the burial of Edward Kelley's child. The reason of it so ap- 
pearing is, that these parties died while arrangements were be- 
ing perfected for the purchase of the cemetery property, and 
their remains were placed in the vault of the Tillage Cemetery 
to await the purchase of St. Patrick's, in which they were soon 
afterwards buried. The cemetery was dedicated on September 
5, 1886, by R,t. Rev. Bishop McQuaid, who also preached the 
dedication sermon. "The ownership of lots in St. Patrick's 
Cemetery, is subject to the rules and regulations of the said 
cemetery, to the discipline of the Eoman Catholic Church, and 
to the rules of the Diocese of Rochester with respect to burials 
and funerals. ' ' 


The Dutch Street Cemetery, which contains about an acre 
or more of ground, has long been used for burial purposes, but 
the date of its origin is not known. It is located on the east 
side of Dutch street, a mile north of Tuscarora, and opposite a 
lot where formerly stood a Dutch Reformed Church. On Jan- 
uary 8, 1845, Jacob V. Brinkerhoof gave a quit claim deed of 
this land to Chauncey Hungerford, Asahel N'orthway and elohn 
Smith, as trustees of the burying ground, although it is known 
to have been used at that time for burial purposes, for quite a 
number of years. 

The cemetery of Little Scipio is located less than a mile south 
of Tuscarora, and derives its name from the fact that all of the 
original settlers on that street, with one exception, came from 
the town of Scipio, Cayuga county, New York. This cemetery 
was laid out about the year 1830. It contains a large number 
of graves and is kept in good order. 



"What was known as the "Tuscarora Tract," which includes 
the present village and vicinity of Tuscarora, formerly called 
Brushville, and in the south-east corner of the town of Mt. 
Morris, was purchased by Luke Tieman, of Baltimore, Md. , 
and in 1822 he appointed Charles H. Carroll as his agent for 
the sale of portions of the same. Sales were soon made, by 
means of articles, for said land ; but many who purchased these 
articles never made the second payment, but followed the tide 
of emigration westward. Among the first to become perma- 
nent residents, in 1823, was Daniel P. Sedam, who purchased 
seventy-five acres just east of Tuscarora, and after making the 
first payment had only $60 left with which to build a home for 
himself and wife. The first deed given for land in Tuscarora on 
record was to David Babcock and others in 1831. Prior to this, 
however, there were quite a number of residents, and a sawmill 
had been built by Messrs. Smith & Driscoll. Jared P. Dodge 
also had erected a fulling mill in 1826, a carding mill about 
1830 and a sawmill a few years later. He proved to be one of 
the most influential men of the place ; was a merchant for 


twenty-five years, for a long time was Justice of the Peace, and 
Supervisor of the town for ten or more years in succession. Late 
in life he moved to Nunda where he died about 1890 at the age 
of 90 years. James J. Amraerman was another of the first 
settlers, coming from Cayuga county, I^. Y, , and locating his 
farm to the south of Tuscarora. He was a soldier in the war of 
1812, and I remember the fact of his securing his pension papers 
in 1856. He died in 1876. In 1823 Amos Hungerford settled 
on a farm a mile north of Tuscarora, and the following year his 
brother Chauncey settled on a farm just west of the aforesaid, 
where both lived to the close of their lives. Asahel l^orthway 
came in the year 1830 and erected the first framed dwelling 
house in the vicinit}^ He, as well as the Hungerf ords, were 
from Coldbrook, Litchfield Co., Conn., and were known as 
Yankees. Xorthway held a number of town oflices, and died 
in the year 1879. Samuel R. and Jacob Bergen came in the 
year 1826, but in a few years Samuel R. sold his land to Jacob 
who remained on his farm about a mile east of the village to 
the time of his death in 1890. He was deacon of the Presby- 
terian Church for over fifty years. Thomas Bodine purchased 
one hundred acres north-west of Tuscarora, but remained on it 
only a few years. Jacob VanArsdale came in the year 1830 
and remained until his death. Abraham YanArsdale was also 
one of the first settlers. 

The school in Brush ville, called District No. 13, was organi- 
zed in 1830. The first record of the number of scholars, which 
was in the year 183 5, was one hundred and six, and the number, 
who were over five and under sixteen, was seventy-six. The 
school had been kept eleven months and three days, and the 
amount paid was 8127.42. In 18-10, the district was divided on 
account of the large number of scholars ; and all that part lying 
east and south of the creek, w^as assigned to a joint district, 


which in part was in the town of Nun da. The first school 
house was in the south-west part of the village, on the road 
leading west. In 1842, a new school house was built, 26 by 36, 
at an expense of $100, just north of the Methodist Church, 
where it still remains. The aforesaid church was never com- 

Dr. John H. Eobinson was the first physician. Others of 
the first settlers were : J. H. Bowers, John Wheelock, Calvin 
Demon, who had a carding mill, Jacob Petrie, a blacksmith, 
and his two sons, William and Peter. William Petrie taught 
school as early as 1838, and for forty years afterwards. He 
was also Postmaster and Justice of the Peace. He put up the 
first warehouse and purchased grain. Nicholas Hall kept a 
hotel some fifty years ago. He had three sons, Isaac, Aaron 
and Lansing. Isaac Hall was a carpenter and contractor, and 
died but a few years ago. Aaron Hall was the only lawyer 
that Tuscarora ever possessed, but he removed to the west. 
Lansing Hall was blind, but received a liberal education, and 
was the author of several books. John and David LaRue were 
large land owners, and built the first hotel in 1841, which still 
remains. They had a sawmill and gristmill, the latter being 
run for many years by Mr. Hoyt. About 1860, they erected 
the present mill, now owned and occupied by the Miller Bros. 
Henry Rockfellow, father of S. L. Rockfellow, came from 
Hunterdon county, New Jersey, in 1825, and located on a farm 
two miles south-west from Tuscarora, where he remained until 
his death in 1863. His age was 82. John R. Mc Arthur located a 
mile north-east of Tuscarora, in 1830, and built a sawmill. He 
was one of the best informed men in this locality. His three 
sons, William, James and Archibald, have become noted as 
builders and contractors. 



In offering the following as the history of the south-west part 
of our town, we wish to acknowledge the aid given us by Jon- 
athan M. Dake, now of ISTunda, IST. Y. , who was born in Sara- 
toga Co., 'N. T., in 1815, and coming here with his, parents in 
1821, settled just south of the town line of Mt. Morris. Hav- 
ing always resided in this vicinity his recollection is clear and 
accurate. 'Next we would thank M. W. Brooks, who kindly 
placed in our hands papers and deeds from which we could 
gather actual dates. Lastly, Hon. O, D. Lake, now in his 
90th year, who in 1830 moA^ed with his parents and settled on 
the farm still owned by him, about half a mile east of the Ridge. 
We have aimed not so much to write a complete history, as 
to name the first settlers upon each farm. All honor then to 
the first pioneers, 

"Through the deep forests their axes did ring, 

From late in the Autumn till early in Spring. 

Far away office each year to the day. 

Oft traveled on foot their interest to pay. 

Time in its march, slow swept them awa}'", 

Though oft not a stone marks the spot where they lay. 

Yet the good they have done will ever endure, 

"While mem'ry rewards the brave and the pure." 


The first white owner, of most of the tract of land, of which 
we write, was Mary Jeniison,the white woman of the Genesee, 
or "the old "White Woman," called by the Seneca Indians, 
De-he-wa-mis. In 1779, when the Big Tree Treaty was held, 
she was sent for and allowed to make her own selection. In 
doing this, she embraced in her description, the Gardeau flats, 
where she had long resided. In 1798, Augustus Porter made 
a survey of it and found it to contain 17,927 acres. The large 
flat rock, on the north side of the road, from St. Helena to 
Castile, is the south-west corner ; thence east substantially fol- 
lowing the line of the road running to St. Helena, on this side 
of the river, to a point on lands now owned by the heirs of 
Emory Kendall, deceased, near the line of the Western JSTew 
York & Pennsylvania Kailroad ; thence north to a point north 
of the Ridge, on lands now owned by Eichard Williams ; thence 
west to a point in the town of Castile ; thence south to the 
place of beginning. This tract was more than six miles long 
from east to west, and nearly four and three-forths miles wide, 
north to south. Red Jacket, the famous Indian chief, opposed 
the grant with all his eloquence, but all the other chiefs signed 
it, which is a positive proof of the high esteem in which she 
was held by the Indians. In 1811, Jellis Clute, Micah Brooks, 
and John B. Gibson commenced negotiations for a purchase of 
her lands. She was naturalized in 1817, by a special act of the 
legislature, to enable her to convey lands. In 1822, the sale 
to the above parties was consummated, with the exception of a 
small tract near her home. In 1871, her remains were removed 
to Portage, by the Hon. Wm. P. Letchworth, and after appro- 
priate services in the old council house of the Senecas, were 
placed in a stone sarcophagus, sealed with cement and interred 
in a grave near by. A nice marble monument was erected, 
and the grave is curbed with stones, that were formerly placed 


as headstones in the Indian burial ground at Gardeau, which 
had been plowed up and used in constructing a road culvert. 
Near by is her house, which was also removed to be preserved, 
by the same charitable hand. It is well that this was done, for 
the once large Gardeau flats have been encroached upon by the 
river, and probabh^ in a few more seasons they will be like the 
famous White Woman, no more. 

In 1S22 the sale of the White Woman's land, as before stated, 
was consummated. John B. Gibson was a banker and resided at 
Canandaigua, N. Y. Jellis Clute lived on the other side of the 
river in the town of Leicester. Gen. Micah Brooks took up his 
residence in this town, and personally superintended the sale and 
settlement of the larger portion of the tract of which we write. 
Being a man of positive, yet liberal views, in all matters of pub- 
lic importance, he labored earnestly to promote the advance- 
ment of the Genesee country. It is fitting then, that a sketch of 
his life should prominently appear in the history of our town. 
He was born May 14th, 1775, in Chesire, Conn. His father. 
Rev. David Brooks, who was a graduate of Yale College in 
1765, upon invitation of Gen. David Wooster, delivered a ser- 
mon in 1774 at Derby, Conn., which was a powerful and stir- 
ring appeal to resistance to the oppuession of Great Britain, 
which was printed and widely circulated among the colonies. 
In this sermon, he gave utterance to sentiments almost identical 
with those of the Declaration of Independence, two years later. 
Micah was the oldest of his father's family. Schools were few 
and poor, during the Revolution, and he received the advantages 
of but twelve months schooKng ; yet, making the most of his 
opportunities, books and time, he came to be an exceptionally 
weU informed and distinguished type of the self-made man. In 
1706 he first visited the Genesee country, walking all the way. 
He was so well pleased with it, that he made the journey again 

■ / s ,'■, • v^i.^ 



on foot in 1797, and arriving at Deacon Bronson's in East 
Bloomfield, lie introduced himself as a school teacher, and pro- 
posed that the}^ should build a school house, and he would teach 
the school. The proposition ^Yas accepted, and a log school 
house was soon built, and filled with scholars. Eeturning to 
Connecticut in the summer, he took a course in surveying with 
Prof. Meigs of Yale College, and received a certificate from the 
court of iN'ew Haven county, appointing him "Surveyor within 
and for said county." Coming back to his log school house, in 
the fall of 1798, he again taught the school, and had several 
scholars who studied surveying. In the spring of 1799 he pur- 
chased a farm in East Bloomfield and immediately commenced 
clearing it. In 1800 he was associate commissioner with Hugh 
Mcls^air and Mathew "Warner to lay out a road from Canandai- 
gua to Olean, and also one from Hornellsville to the mouth of 
the Genesee. He went back to Connecticut in the winter and 
taught school there,and came back to Bloomfield in 1801, bring- 
ing with him two sisters, who kept house for him in a cabin 
which he had prepared ; but as they soon married he went back 
again to Connecticut, where, on December 13th, 1802, he mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Deacon A. Hall, of Lyme, Conn. In 
1806 he was appointed to the office of Justice of the Peace by 
Gov. Morgan Lewis. In 1808 he was assistant Justice of the 
county of Ontario, and the same year was elected to the Legis- 
lature, taking his seat in January, 1809, Daniel D. Tompkins 
being governor. Already enlisted with Myron Holley (Hercu- 
les) in discussing the practicability of a canal from the Hudson 
to Lake Erie, he called upon the governor and DeWitt Clinton, 
armed with the Genesee Messenger, containing Mr. Holly's 
articles, and tried without avail, to interest them in the project. 
But his earnest efforts were destined to bear fruit, for DeWitt 
Clinton, a few years afterwards, became the earnest promoter 


and is now styled the Father of the Erie Canal. During the 
war of 1812 he served in three campaigns, on the IS^iagara fron- 
tier, as Lieutenant-Colonel. In the militia he rose to the rank 
of Major- General. 

In 1814, he was elected to Congress, and represented all 
"Western Kew York, west of Cayuga Lake. Here he presented 
an extensively signed petition, which was drawn by DeAVitt 
Clinton, asking the general government to assist in the con- 
struction of the Erie canal. It was referred to a select com- 
mittee, of which he was chairman, and Daniel Webster and 
Henry Clay were members. A favorable report was made, and 
a bill passed both houses ; but it was vetoed by the President, 
James Madison. This was one of the greatest disappointments 
of his life, and he was ever afterwards an opponent of the veto 
power. Through his efforts, Avhile in Congress, the first gov- 
ernment mail service through Rochester was established. In 

1821, he was a delea^ate to the Constitutional Convention. In 

1822, the purchase was made of the old White AYoman, and in 

1823, the lands were offered for sale, Elisha Johnson having 
pre\aously subdivided them. In 1827, he made arrangements 
with Moses Marvin, to build for him a sawmill on this side of 
the Genesee river, on lands now owned by James McHerron, a 
short distance north and opposite of the old White Woman's 
residence. The irons and machinery of the same were bought 
in TJtica, New York, and brought by wagons here. The set- 
tlers, being anxious to secure lumber for their buildings, had 
voluntarily aided in digging the race, and the sidehill was cov- 
ered with logs to be sawed. ' When tlie day came to start the 
mill, they all assembled for a gala da}^ the water was let into 
the race and cheered as it flowed along ; it reached the ponder- 
ous wheel, and turning it half way round, stood still. There was 
not enough descent to carry it off. It was a day of great dis- 


appointment to the whole community, and General Brooks 
could never be induced to try again to build a mill. 

In March, 1825, his wife died. She was the mother of two 
sons, and five daughters ; two of whom are still living, M. W. 
Brooks, who resides upon the old homestead at Brooksgrove, 
and Cornelia, wife of George EUwanger, of the firm of Ell- 
wanger & Barry, of Kochester, N. Y. In 1832, Gen. Brooks 
came to this town and took up his residence in what was after- 
wards named in honor of him, Brooksgrove. In 1833, he was 
again married, his second wife being Miss Elizabeth Chattim, 
of Salem, New York. She was a sister of Mrs. General Mills, 
of Mount Morris, and died in 1863. During the decade, 1830- 
1840, the construction of the Genesee Valley canal was dis- 
cussed, its route surveyed and work let. This project, and 
the enlargement of the Erie canal, found in General Brooks a 
warm supporter. February 1, 1839, he presided over a great 
railroad convention at Cuba, ]^. Y. , and his address before 
that body was distinguished for sound reasoning, remarkable 
foresight, and clear perceptions, and was very generally pub- 
lished in the papers of Western Kew York, and did much to 
stimulate thought and effort, which resulted, not many years 
thereafter, in the construction of the Erie Eailway. He freely 
gave land for school house and church sites, and was always a 
liberal supporter of the same. July 7, 1857, while sitting in 
his chair, he leaned back and died without a struggle. 

The first road in this whole section was surveyed in 1788, 
and was designed as the Eastern boundary of the Phelps and 
Gorham purchase, running from the Pennsylvania line to Lake 
Ontario, due north. Besides blazing the trees, sharpened stakes 
were set up at intervals, which gave it the name of ' 'Picket 
Line." Owing to the steepness of the bank of the river, where 
it crossed at Gibsonville, it was never made a roadway the 


whole distance, but is still the town line between IsTuncla and 
Portage, and bet^\'een towns in Allegany county ; and the county 
line between Wyoming and Livingston, after crossing the river. 
After surveying, more land was found than their grant called 
for, and going several miles west a parallel line was run, called 
the "Transit Line," which was the eastern line of the Holland 
purchase. Major Moses YanCampen is believed to have laid 
out the State road from Mount Morris to Angelica, at an early 
date. The other roads were changed many times by the com- 
missioners, especially the Itiver road. Before the lands were 
offered for sale, many persons had squatted upon them and 
built log houses. 

Commencing on the State road, at the town line, the first 
settlers and owners were as follows, in the order named : "Wm. 
Mosher, Mr. Wood, John and Hiram Prentice, Dean M. T^der, 
James McCartney, Wm. Chandler, and Micah Brooks. These 
were south of Brooksgrove. North, we have, John Carr, Elias 
Pockfellow, Geo. Babcock, Henry Hoifraan, Samuel Phillips, 
Henry Davis, Geo. Williams, Sr., Dr. W. D. Munson, Eobert 
Williams, Jacob YanDorn, Dow AndrcAvs, Daniel Perrine, 
Benjamin Hoaglan, Wm. C. Dunning, Hosea Fuller, Joseph 
Ackers, David O. Howell, Mr. Brown, Benjamin Sherman, 
Orrin Hall, James Rolland, Sylvester Darrien, William D. Mor- 
gan, Ephriam Sharp, George Burckhart, Edwin Stilson, and 
Eben Stilson, which brings us to the Ridge. East of the Ridge 
were Orrin Sacket, Elder W. Lake, and J. Phillips, and a little 
to the south, Sylvester Richmond. Mrs. Phillips and Mrs. Rich- 
mond, both over eighty, are still living. Xorth of the Ridge 
were Humphrey and Henry D. Hunt, Wm. Williams, Thos. 
Wisner, who kept a hotel in the building now owned by the 
heirs of Geo. W. Barney, and Moses Marvin. The first settler 
on the river road, north of the town line, on the place now 


owned by Frederick Marsh, was George "Wilson. His son 
Thomas, in 1824:, built a sawmill on the Genesee river, in the 
big bend south of St. Helena, which is believed to have been 
the first mill erected in the town. On the east side of the road, 
Deacon "Wm, L. Totten was the first settler. He was the 
father of Thompson, Levi, George, Joseph, Hector and Phile- 
tus Totten, all of whom became prominent men of our town. 
He had a tannery and shoe shop, which were erected previous 
to 1820, and are believed to have been the first in the town. The 
first farm west, on the north-west corner of the road leading to 
St. Helena, was settled by "VVm. Gray. JSTorth of his house, 
the first burial place of the section was laid out, and about 
fifty persons were buried there, which, however, was soon aban- 
doned, owing to the establishment, in 1839, of the present ceme- 
tery of Oak Hill, in Avhich Wm. Mosher was the first person 
buried. This cemetery has been enlarged several times, and 
has always been well cared for, and now contains several hun- 
dred graves and many costly monuments. Elisha Mosher was 
the first settler on the road running from Oakland to the river 
road, north of the town line. Next, jSToah and Keuben Koberts 
and then William Swan, Thence on the river road, we have 
Benjamin Sheppard, on the west ; on the east, Horatio Reed, 
who was blind, and our first Town Clerk. His son, Charles, 
settled near Princeton, 111. , and was for several terms a mem- 
ber of the legislature of that State. Next, north, was William 
Miller, who had a large family, and five of them, grown up sons 
and daughters, died within a few days of each other, and were 
buried in the now abandoned ground. On the west, Isaac Bo- 
vee, then Isaac and James Miller, Wm. Bailey, Luke Conway, 
Wm. Dake, and Joseph Thorp, This brings us to the River 
Road Forks. North, we have Daniel Ellsworth, who erected and 
kept a store for years at the Forks, Pattie Brown, Ansel Owen, 


who built and kept a hotel, long known as the Half- way House, 
between Mount Morris and Portage, Jabez "Whightman, who 
built and kept the hotel, afterwards long kept by Alanson Janes, 
James Ward, Chauncey Tyler, Deacon Israel Herrick, Samuel 
Clady, Jonah Craft, Wm. G. Wisner, Barney Criss, Garrett 
YanArsdale, O. Thorp and Jacob VanArsdale. Henry Crane, 
a resident of Springport, Cayuga county, bought the next place, 
now known as the Tallman homestead, where he located his 
son-in-law, Aaron Rosekrans, on the next he placed his son 
James, on the next his son Joseph, and on the next his son 
John, while Henry Jr. , was given the farm now owned by 
David George. The son, John, was killed by a falling tree, 
and Justine Smith, deceased, purchased the first of these places 
of the heirs, and Ellis Putnam the last. 

Xext was Joseph Barnes, James YanSickle and sons, John 
and Henry, and son-in-law Wm. Hoyt, Jessie B. Jones, Lucius 
Brown and Eben Sturges. The first settler on the Picket Line 
road, north of the town line, was Samuel Mosher, then in their 
order, liuslin Hark, Jacob Kilmer, George Bum|), Ovid Hemp- 
hill, Christopher Haines, and Solomon Wood, the latter on the 
farm now owned and occupied by the heirs of Norman Foote. 
Mr- Wood had a hat shop, which is believed to have been the 
first in town. Next, Martin Pixley, Jonathan Miller, and Pe- 
leg Coffin. The latter walked, in 1822, from Saratoga county, 
New York, with a knapsack on his back, looking for a home in 
the Genesee Country. He passed over the ground where now is 
the city of Rochester, and fearing the malaria of the river flats, 
selected his home on the Picket Line. Returning to Saratoga 
county, in March of the following year, he started with an ox 
team and sleigh, with his wife and all they possessed, for their 
western home. There being no snow in Cayuga county, they 
exchanged their sleigh for a lumber wagon. On arriving at the 
Forks, they spent a day in clearing the road, so that they could 


get to their place, a mile south. ISText, Alexander Blood, Asa- 
hel Thayer, and David Whightman. 

The first settler, on the Short Tract road, north of the town 
line, is only remembered by his sudden death, from poison 
sumach ; which resulted in the raising of ten dollars, with which 
to pay Joseph Carter, for its complete extermination in the entire 
neighborhood. Next was Benjamin Dake, then Wm. Miller 
and Otis Denve3\ The rest of the land, upon this road to 
Brooksgrove, was long retained by Gen. Brooks. These early 
settlers erected nearly all the buildings, still standing on their 
respective places, between 1835 and 1S45. "The antique oven 
constructed near by, where baked the corn-bread and the thick 
pumpkin pie." These were superseded by the large brick 
oven, constructed inside the house and connected with the larg-e 
chimney, with its broad, open fire place. They also corduroyed 
the roads over marshy places, where the ends of the logs can 
still be seen. The school districts of this section are about the 
same as when first established, except that the YanSickel dis- 
trict was joined to the Kidge, and district Ko. 12 was formed 
on the Picket Line, from a part of the Forks and Brooksgrove 
districts of this town, and some farms from the town of ISTunda. 
From the record of the Forks district, since 1828, which is be- 
fore me, it appears that the furnishing and preparing of fuel 
was let to the lowest bidder, for such sums as $2,45, $2.49 and 
$2.50; and that the total expense of the school, in 1833, for 
eleven months, was $76.06, as follows : Alanson Slater, teacher, 
winter term, $61.50; Lucy M. Eussel, teacher, summer term, 
$12.07; Luke Coney, wood, $2.49. The number of pupils, in 
1837, w^as one hundred; three families in the district having ten 
children each. 

Among those who have taught school in the districts of this 
section, and Tvho boarded around, we mention, H. G. Winslow, 


afterw^ards principal of the Mt. Morris academy; Joseph 
AVeller, afterwards governor of California ; Joseph McCreary, 
afterwards a prominent preacher ; Addison Crane, a prominent 
lawyer and member of the legislature of Illinois ; Gideon 
Draper, afterwards one of the Regents of common schools of 
this State; Dr. E. P. Miller, now of Isew York City; T. J. 
Gamble, Esq. , and Byron Swett, of our town. 

In 1849, the M. E. Society, at the Ridge, purchased their 
present church edifice of the Baptists, in which they have gen- 
erally maintained religious services, but have had but few settled 
pastors, and have been supplied from Mt. Morris. From the 
steeple of this church, on a clear day, one can see with the 
naked e3''e, places in seven different counties. 

The Protestant Methodists formed a society at Brooksgrove, 
about 1840, and the present church edifice was built in lS-14-45. 
Rev. Short was their pastor when the church was built. They 
have always maintained a settled pastor, and for many years 
were counted as the strongest church, of the denomination, in 
Western New York. 

Through the efforts of the pioneer M. E. preacher, Rev. 
John B. Hudson, a Methodist society was organized, early at 
River Road Forks. 

In 1828, the Baptists organized a society in the south part of 
the town. Rev. Wm. G. Wisner, a cousin of R. P. Wisner, 
Esq., was their pastor in 1835. Through his efforts a church 
was built, on the south-east corner of the intersection of the 
Oakland and St. Helena roads, about a half mile north of the 
town line. The society numbered at that time about eighty, 
and was the second Baptist church erected in the town. Pre- 
vious to the erection of this church, the Baptist and Methodist 
societies held their services, on alternate sabbaths, in the Forks 
and Portage school houses. In 1837, a powerful revival took 


place in this vicinity; ninety persons joining the Methodist class, 
and sixty being baptized one Sunday in the river at St. 
Helena, by the pastor, Eev. Robbins. These societies continued 
harmonious until March, 1844; when the Methodists, having 
procured the use of the church for their Quarterly Meeting, 
while holding their love-feast, with closed doors, Benjamin 
Dake, then a trustee, unlocked the doors and bid the people on 
the outside to enter. This act broke up the peace of the whole 
community, and destroyed much of the influence of these re- 
ligious societies. Both of them declined from this date, and 
their members afterwards joined their respective churches at 
Nunda. The church edilice is now a cider mill at Oakland. 

The Rev, John B. Hudson refers to the meager pay of the 
ministers of this early date, $100 per year, I well remember 
the Reverends John and Robert Parker, and Rev. A, Farrel, 
who always spread down his handkerchief to kneel upon in 
prayer. They were always welcomed by the members, and 
often would stay several days with their whole families. 

The first post-office, established about 1824, in this section, 
was about a mile south of the Ridge, on the place now owned 
by Howdin Covey, its name was "Leona." The next was kept 
in the log house, still standing on the river road, on the farm 
now owned by Jacob Tallman. This was called the River Road 
post-office, and the postmaster was David Lake. The next was 
established about 1830, and the name chosen was River Road 
Forks. The mail was carried by post boys between Mount Mor- 
ris and Portage on the river road, daily. In 1830, the office, 
"Leona" was removed by Dr. Wm. D. Munson, then post- 
master, to Brooksgrove and the name changed accordingly. 
About this time, the River Road post-office was removed and the 
name changed to Ridge. An early stage route was owned and 
run for many years by "Wm. Martin, the large four horse stage 


making daily trips from Mount Morris to Angelica, and carry- 
ing the mail. The Kiver Road Forks office was discontinued 
about 1860, the patrons now getting their mail at Nunda or 
Mount Morris. The mail is now carried from the Ridge to 
Mount Morris, and from Brooksgrove to ]S"anda. In 1840, the 
hamlet of the Ridge consisted, besides the church and school 
house, of a store, two blacksmith shops, two wagon shops, a 
shoe shop, and about ten houses. That of Brooksgrove, besides 
the church and school house, of a store, hotel, blacksmith shop, 
wagon shop, tailor shop, and twelve houses. Brooksgrove also 
had, for many years, a resident physician. The Forks supported 
two stores, two hotels, two wagon shops, two blacksmith shops 
and three shoe shops. There were five hotels between Mount 
Morris and Nunda, and six between Mount Morris and Portage. 






H. H. Seymour, Esq. , of Buffalo, has placed in our hands an 
article from the Mount Morris Union and Constitution, of April 
22, 1880, found among his father's papers, respecting the dedi- 
cation of our Union School, from which we give portions of a 
letter from H. G. Winslow as follows : 

Kacine, Wis., April 12, 1880. 

Dk. L. J. Ames — My Dear Sir : Your kind letter to me, 
containing an invitation to be present at the opening ceremonies 
of your new school house, and to participate in the same, came 
duly to hand, for which, please accept my thanks. 

I cannot tell you how much I should enjoy being with you 
on that, to me, peculiarly interesting occasion, and how much 
pleasure it would give me, to take by hand the kind friends 
of days long gone by, to look them once more in the face, and 
to hold pleasant converse over the past, as well as over the 
present ; dropping the tear of regret over the graves where so 
many noble hearts that then beat high in all our plans and la- 
bors, now sleep the silent sleep of death. 

In the fall of 1843, fresh from college and full of high hopes 
and courage, I seemed directed to Mount Morris, to find my 
task. A stranger in a strange land ; the old Eagle Hotel, and 
its worthy host, Eiley Scoville, gave me a wayfarer's welcome. 
Much to my discouragement, I found that no one expected me, 


and the town was full of schools; four district schools then ex- 
isted in what our old friend, Joe McCreary, (a teacher of one 
of them) called "Mt. Morris" and Millingar, the latter precinct 
being the old glass factory and its adjuncts, on the fiats to the 
north of town, and as many more private schools sought the 
patronage of the generous public. But, I was on the ground 
with not money enough to get away, and must need stay. I 
found a home in the pleasant famil}^ of Mrs. Mason, whose 
kindness and care then made it a home to me. I opened a 
school in the old brick building known as the Dean building. 
Six scholars rallied around me — boys and girls — to them I gave 
my faithful attention. One of them now graces one of Mount 
Morris' finest homes. Well, we made a good record, and schol- 
ars came to us. My old friend, McISTeil Seymour, held forth in 
our old school house, in the south part of the town. R. F. 
Jlowes ruled the central brick school house, a little west from 
the Eagle Hotel. Joe McCreary held sway, I think, in a school 
house north of the High school house. It soon became appar- 
ent to many of the best minds in Mount Morris, that the suc- 
cess of educational enterprise, was all being frittered away, in 
this divided and scattered effort at progress ; and that some plan 
must be adopted, "vvhereby all might unite for the well-being of 
aU, During the fall and winter of 1844 and '45, meetings 
were held, and discussions carried on, "which resulted in build- 
ing the Union school house, so lately torn down, and establish- 
ing therein a Union school. 

About the first of November, 1845, the first floor of the 
school house was ready for occupancy, and one bright and 
glorious morning we assembled there, teachers and pupils, to 
mark a new era in Mount Morris' school life. 

I occupied the room on the south of the hall. Miss Emily 
Bradley, in the north-east corner, and Miss Ellen Fisk in the 


north-west corner, and Miss M. Jane Church in the recitation 
room up stairs as my assistant. No man, in such a position 
ever had a purer, truer, nobler, better corps of assistants than 
I had, in the persons of these young ladies. Now, alas ! all 
gone to their last long home ; but surely their works do live 
after them, and many and many a man and woman, who, as 
school children enjoyed their faithful labors, and loving care, 
owe many of their best aspirations and worthiest achievements 
to their training. There swarmed in upon us a crowd of boys 
and girls, untrained and undisciplined, but many of them hun- 
gry for knowledge, and willing to work, if only controlled by 
a strong hand, and guided by a true love and appreciation of 
the great work. 

In the spring of 1846, we made a "bee" to procure shade 
trees. Hon. George Hastings went with a party down on the 
Canaseraga flats, and procured those beautiful elms that now 
grace the grounds. George S. Williams and I went to the 
"Hog's Back," up the river, and another party went to "Allen's 
Glen" in the south part of the village, and that day's work of 
unpaid labor, gave the school all of those beautiful trees that or- 
nament the grounds. Our boys of those days were very care- 
ful of those trees, and none were ever willfully injured. After 
the opening of the large room, every seat was soon filled, and 
our usual number in the higher department ranged from 130 to 
150 scholars, in all branches of study, Greek, Latin, French, all 
the sciences, higher mathematics ; and the common branches 
were never overlooked. Every scholar, even in the High 
School, must read, write and spell every day, as a stated exer- 
cise, and very few of them ever permanently laid aside gram- 
mar and arithmetic. Of course, in the start of such a school, 
the elements of discord and disturbance were many and varied. 
The pupils ranged from a large class of young ladies and gentle- 


men to scores of rude bo3^s and girls, little used to restraint or 
discipline, careless of mental culture, undeveloped in moral feel- 
ings, or social manners, whose sole idea seemed to be to get 
through the school days, with as much fun and frolic as possible, 
and as little real mental labor as would clear them from disci- 
pline. In this emergency, I found much valuable and effective 
help in the true and loyal band of students, trained to order and 
study in the Academy. The amount of real school labor, de- 
manded of the teachers in such a school, was very large indeed, 
and tested our strength to the utmost. My rule was that 
everything must be done, and of course all that was not done 
by others, I must and did do. 

At the end of three years of such labor, I found that a change 
must be made, and no other plan presented itself, but for 
me to retire, try to recuperate, and seek other fields of 
usefulness, which I accordingly did in the fall of 1848; and 
broken in health and spirits and bankrupt in purse, in the fall 
of 184:9 I took my way over the hills to ISTunda. I little thought 
that my five years in Mount Morris, with the three years at 
the head of the Nunda Literary Institute, would constitute my 
life work so far as the great public were concerned, but so it 
proved. Often regrets will arise, as I look back over those 
years of toil and triumph, that I ever consented to take the 
position and to give to it the best years of my life, and I can 
only console myself now with the thought that that must have 
been my appointed work, and that I would have been recreant 
to have refused. 




i^, Astor, Lanox and TildeR , 
1 9G4 '^ 




In addition to the manufactories already given, the business 
of Mount Morris is represented at the present time as follows : 

Dry Goods, — Hudson Brothers, Wiltsie & Gore. 

Hardware.— E. B. Osborne, W. H. 'Nott. 

Druggists. — Henry W. Miller, Dalrymple & Yanderbilt. 

Grocers, — Wiltsie & Gore, W. D. Pitt, A. Wasson, Moore 
Bros., T. C. Steele, Fred Beuerlein, Wm. McCarty. 

Millinery. — Beggs & Co., K. O'Donnell. 

Markets. — Sawyer Bros., C. A, Sherman & Co., Landers Bros. 

Books and Stationery. — Chas. Harding, Eugene Ferris. 

Jewelers. — Richmond & Conklin, Eugene Ferris. 

Clothing. — Barney Beuerlein, Standard Clothing Co., IS^ast 

Furniture Dealers. — F .W. Woolever, A. Harris. 

Cigar Manufactories. — John F. Donovan, H. Gormley, Wm. 
H. Swan. 

Merchant Tailors. — Smith & Empey, W. W. Harrison. 

Blacksmiths.— O. C. Matteson, Wm. Mate, Terrence Dolan. 

Wagon Makers. — I. T. HoUister, J. Samhammer. 

Bottlers. — Dennis & Co. 

Bakers. — A. J. Crissy, Henry Burgey, W. H. Leddick. 

Barbers. — P. Wagner, L, L. W. Shaw, John Osborn. 

Painters. — A. McArthur, J. Sickles, H. HoUister, William 
Elliott, James Sickles. 


Printers & Publishers. — George M. ShuU, George S. Ellicott. 

Implement Dealers. — C. F. Braman, A. M. Baker & Son. 

Liveries. — J. S. McNeilly, John Burtis. 

Boots and Shoes. — Wiltsie & Gore, F. Beuerlein, M. Beuer- 
lein, Nast Bros. 

Coal.— Wm. H. Swan, A. Ayrault, E. C. Seymour, F. W. 

Produce Buyers. — A. Ayrault, Ferrin Brothers. 

Harness Makers. — Thos.Conlon, L. M. Comfort, E. A. Kemp. 

Shoemakers. — John Gorman, John Tager, H. Claxton, F. 
Grover, Wm. R. Annis. 

Photographer. — James Lennon. 

Dentists.— F. D. Brown, C. J. Mills, W. H. Povall. 

Tin Smith.— A. Kelsall. 

Laundries. — John Brownell. Charley Lee. 

Hotels. — H. H. Scoville, Scoville House; J. W. Fisher, 
Genesee House; J. Milliman, American ; P. Burke, Burke House. 

Restaurants. — H. Wagner, Wm. Leddick. 

Banks. — Genesee River National Bank, Bingham Brothers 

Railroads. — Delaware Lackawanna & "Western, New York 
Lake Erie & Western, Western New York & Pennsylvania, 
Dansville & Mount Morris. 


Clergy. — Levi Parsons, D. D., L. D. Chase, A. E. Whatham, 
M. W. Hart, James H. Day. 

Lawyers. — T. J. Gamble, J. M. Hastings, J. F. Connor, W. 
I. VanAllen. 

Doctors.— J. M. Hagey, F. B. Dodge,^ J. C. Earle, A. L. D. 
Campbell, A. E. Leach. 

Veterinary Surgeon. — C. C. Willard.