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Instructions to Editors. 

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26638. a 


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important and secret papers. 





1586-1588, July. 

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Her Majesty's Printers. 







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1586-1588, July. 














V 11 



INDEX 587 


THE period embraced in this volume begins with 
January 1586 and ends, in July 1588, with the departure 
of the Lord Deputy Perrot from Ireland, and with the 
first tidings of the arrival of the Armada off the Lizard. 
It is the history of the concluding portion of the govern- 
ment of Sir John Perrot, and very full are the details 
of his projects for establishing good order throughout 
the country. In his attempts to accomplish this, he 
became involved in severe quarrels with Archbishop 
Loftus and many of the most prominent English servitors, 
as Marshal Bagenall, Sir Richard Byngham, Sir Henry 
Wallop, Geffery Fenton, and Philip Williams. These 
papers give a full account of the petty jealousies and 
bitter enmities which he raised against himself, until his 
health gave way and there occurred a series of storms 
of temper and violent wresting of the powers which 
he possessed, with a view to discourage any who should 
dare to oppose him, and at length he began to think 
of entreating for a successor to be sent over. As early 
as the 4th of December 1586* Fenton writes to Burghley 
to " descend " to the remedy of the evils produced by 
Perrot's arbitrary government, and suggests that admo- 
nition is of no further use, for unless Perrot is recalled 
many of the English members of the Council will be 
driven to leave their places, and retire into England 
during his continuance in ofiice. Wallop also writes to 

* T. 214, No. 6. 

viii PREFACE. 

Burghley, in a postscript to his letter of 13th December 
1586,* " I know your Lordship cannot but be advertised 
" by sundry means of the continual jarring and mislike 
" that there is between the Lord Deputy and the Lord 
" Chancellor Loftus, wherein I can commend neither of 
" them, but so long as it shall continue it cannot but 
" many ways hinder her Majesty's service, and here I 
" see none that can appease it." 

In Ulster, the great potentate O'Neill, viz., Turlough 
Lynagh, is now becoming old. On the 14th of January 
1585, t Sir John Perrot had made an order for licensing 
Sir Arthur O'Neill [viz., Art Oge] to go to his father 
" in respect of the need he hath now in his old age of 
" the service and attendance of his son." Turlough 
Lynagh's contentions with O'DoiinellJ and , the Baron 
of Dungannon, afterwards Hugh Earl of Tyrone, gave a 
great deal of anxiety to the Governor. These quarrels 
resulted in a division of the lands, between him and 
Hugh Earl of Tyrone, which only increased their mutual 
heartburnings. We have Sir Erancis Walsyngham's 
opinion on the subject. || " He wished the O'Hanlons, 
" McCanns, Magennis, McMahons, and others to be set 
" under the government of some well chosen person, 
" and not to continue to be urraghs to O'Neill." These 
broils with Tyrone continued until the beginning of 1588, 
when Turlough's company gave the Earl an overthrow, 
which, the Lord "Deputy observes,^ "hath done as much 
" good in the North as anything that has happened these 
" nine years, for it hath abated the Earl's edge much ;" 
and in June, on the arrival of the new Deputy, Sir 
William Eytzwylliams, the controversies between the Earl 
of Tyrone and O'Neill were debated before the Council. 

* P. 227, No. 27. t P. 109. 

J Hugh, son of Manus. Pp. 332, 333. 

I P. 336, No. 59. IT P. 514. 


At the same time Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, was 
working his way up, and preparing his forces for the great 
rebellion which lasted to the end of Elizabeth's reign. 
He got a commission to govern his part of Ulster.* In 
MarclrtLSSi the Lord Deputy Perrot granted him license 
to repair to England to do his humble duty unto Her 
Most Excellent Majesty, and Sir Lucas Dillonf informed 
Burghley that the borders of the English Pale adjoining 
to the places where the Earl of Tyrone had charge had 
not in his memory been so free from spoil and incursions 
as in these late years. He adds of Tyrone that he 
" is greatly followed, valiant, and, by reason* of his 
" bringing up and training, is of far better disposition 
" than any of his ancestors, and more tractable and 
" politic." When Tyrone reached London he petitioned 
the Queen to grant to Mm all such lands and livings as 
were granted to his grandfather, J and he wrote to Sir 
Edward Waterhous, in Ireland, to resolve the Lord Trea- 
surer, Burghley, as to some doubts respecting the bounds 
of Tyrone, for the purpose of their being inserted in his 
patent. As to his privy seal and his patent, and the 
boundaries of Tyrone, a reference to the Index will show 
the success he obtained. Thus he kept steadily growing 
still greater. Ambrose Lacy complains of his govern- 
ment, religion, and Irish behaviour, and of his sending 
messengers into Scotland to/ call in Scots ; and Tyrone 
himself, writing from Dungannon to the Lord Deputy 
Perrot, complains that David Powes hath said at Dundalk, 
" that I will climb so high as I will break my neck."|| 
In March 1588^" the Lord Deputy Perrot writes of him, 
" After I had proclaimed a general hosting and provided 
" men, as though I would have done great things, yet 

* P. 109. t P. 280, No. 88. 

t Pp. 290-292. P. 451, No. 40. 

|| P. 465, No. 3. IT P. 499, No. 29. 


" unwilling to make wars, he came hither to Dublin unto 
" me, and hath delivered in, two of his best pledges 
" to keep the peace in Ulster, and toward Turlough 

Sir Nicholas Bagenall writes to Burghley on the 9th of 
June 1586* that O'Donnell's wife, Ineen Duv, is gone 
into Scotland with the intent to draw thence great com- 
panies of Scots. 

On the 23rd of September 1586f Captain Thomas 
Woodhouse writes to Penton from Ardnary that " one of 
" our soldiers' boys found a bag of letters after the 
" battle, and O'Donnell's wife's letter was in it ; it stated 
" that she had landed in Lough Poyle with 1,600 Scots." 

Here is a little sketch of a young Ulster chieftain's 
career ; he was Hugh Me E Callowe O'Donnell. 

Sir Richard Byngham writes on the 12th of December 
1586J from Dublin to Burghley, " I understand that my 
" Lord Deputy hath now sent over an Irish gentleman of 
" O'Donnell's country, called Hugh Mclcallye, to seek 
" some consideration for the good service he did in 
" drawing the soldiers upon Alexander McSorley, when 
" the said Alexander and 12 or 13 Scots were slain." 

On the 10th of December 1587 Tyrone informs Queen 
Elizabeth that O'Donnell is like to be overrun by Hugh 
McDegany, naming himself Hugh McCalough. 

On the same day Tyrone writes to Walsyngham, " that 
" Hugh McEdegany, who was at court at my last being 
" there, hath almost driven O'Donnell out of his country." 

On the 4th of January 1588 1| Tyrone writes to the 
Lord Deputy Perrot, "As for O'Donnell, he is almost 
" driven out of his country, and the same made waste by 
tf Hugh McEdegany, having the aid of Turlough Lynagh's 

* P. 74, No. 70. f P. 162, No. 31.iv. 

J P. 225, No. 26, P. 443, No. 31. 

|| P. 464, No, 3. 


' people and soldiers. 5 ' Further on* Tyrone says, " I am 
" greatly abused by Hugh. McEdegany, in that he hath 
" given very bad speeches both of my father and myself 
" in the audience of the whole country." 

On flTe 12th of May 1588f Perrot writes, " I sent a 
" pensioner called Taaffe with letters from me and the 
" Council charging Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, the Earl of 
" Tyrone, O'Donnell, and Hugh McEcallowe to desist, 
" which if they did not we would prosecute the offenders 
" with severity, whereupon all parties have promised to 
" stay further revenge until their appearance before me 
" or the new Governor, which I have appointed to be at 
" Drogheda the 24th of this instant, May." In the 
inclosure to this letter, being the examination of John 
Benyon, one of Her Majesty's gentlemen pensioners, he 
says, " When we came to [Turlough Lynagh] O'Neill we 
" found him and Hugh McEcallowe's forces together in 
" great fury to see the wrongs done, and the Earl of 
" Tyrone's camp so near him." And in his examination 
John Lynche,{ one of Her Majesty's pursuivants, says, 
he departed to O'Neill with like letters, and gave him 
the like charge to keep the peace as he did to O'Donnell 
and Hugh McEcallogh, where he heard from the prisoners 
that the Earl of Tyrone's intent was to take Strabane and 
O'Neill himself, and then to go upon O'Cahan, and so 
to the Route. Again, about the 15th of May, Sir Richard 
Byngham writes to Burghley that O'DonnelTs wife, that 
is Ineen Duv, " hath of late caused Hugh Mac a Callye 
"to be murdered. This is he that was with your 
" Honours in England, and meant to be O'Donnell after 
" the death of this man, viz., Sir Hugh, son of Manus." 

* P. 465. f P. 514, No. 22. 

+ P. 516, No. 22. 11. P. 518. 


It may here be noted that Alexander McSorley upon 
whom Hugh Me E Callowe O'Donnell drew the soldiers, 
and whose head was sent by Captain John Price to Dublin 
to be set upon Dublin Castle,* was the son of Sorley 
Boy McDonnell, the brother of James, and was the first 
cousin of Ineen Duv, the daughter of James. Her son 
by O'Donnell was Hugh Roe O'Donnell.f 

On the 25th of March 1588 Francis Stafford writes from 
Carrickfergus to Sir Henry Wallop, that Manus O'Cahan 
came to him and abode 14 days at Carrickfergus, and 
after long conference they got a good draught upon 
Eerdorough O'Cahan, and that upon the 16th of March, 
in the dark of the moon, three hours before day, Manus 
left Carrickfergus, and in his company 20 of Captain 
Warren's horsemen and his lieutenant, also Wallop's 
ensign, John Dolway by name, with 30 of Wallop's foot 
and 30 of Captain Henshaw's foot. They marched the 
17th of March all day, and lay close all the night and 
the day of the 18th (Monday) until four o'clock in the 
afternoon, and then marched towards the Bann's side, 
and about 2 o'clock on Tuesday morning, a.m., the 19th, 
they came to Mount Sendall, where they found two cots 
waiting for them, the biggest not able to carry above four 
men. The night was very stormy, and the water dan- 
gerous, when Ensign Dolway and Captain Henshaw's 
sergeant and 30 soldiers passed over the water, and after 
them came Captain Warren's lieutenant and his company 
of 20 horsemen, swimming all their horses by the cots' 
sides with a great deal of trouble, and, all being safe over 
the Bann, resolutely brake away in all haste to the abbey 
of Moycosquin, where they arrived before Eerdorough 
O'Cahan had any intelligence. They found him and his 

* Pp. 40, 43. t P. 499, No. 29. 

PREFACE. xiii 

gentlemen and horsemen fast asleep, and so beset the 
house and sounded the drum, crying in Irish, " Eer- 
" dorough, be not afraid," to which one answered in Irish, 
" Indeed you have caught us nicely," after which the 
soldiers rushed in and slew them all, with the exception 
of two, who were saved alive. However, there was neither 
woman, child, nor churl killed, but O'Cahan's daughter, 
which was Eerdorough's wife, was taken in hand, and no 
hurt done unto her, neither spoiled; and she was re- 
delivered to Manus O'Cahan, to be sent unto O'Cahan, 
and her husband Eerdorough's head was cut off by 
Ensign Dolway. The abbey of Moycosquin was 47 miles 
from Carrickfergus and three miles beyond the river Bann 
which they had crossed. 

We see here that there was a marked difference made 
in dealing with the native rebels and with the subjects of 
sovereigns at peace with the English government, as the 
Spaniards at Smerwick and the Scots at Ardnary, who 
both invaded the English territory while Philip II. of 
Spain and King James of Scotland were at peace with 

Even as early as 1586, June 9,f Sir N. Bagenall foretold 
to Perrot what would ensue from the composition and 
from placing the soldiers upon the chieftains of Ulster, 
and advertised him of the sundry conspiracies, as well for 
the destruction of the -said soldiers as to shake off all 
English government. 

With respect to the dissensions among the English, 
on 9th June 1586, { Dublin, Sir Nic. Bagenall writes to 
Burghley as to the injuries and disgraces which the Lord 
Deputy Perrot doth daily lay upon him ; he goes on to say, 
" I thought it good to let you understand the true cause 

* Pp. 503, 504. f P. 74, No. 70. J P. 73, No. 70. 


" and ground from whence his displeasure hath proceeded. 
" I have by all good offices endeavoured to further the 
" advancement of Her Majesty's service under him; but 
" for that I have sincerely, and according to the credit 
" of my place, which I have long time possessed, freely 
" advised his Lordship what in my conscience and by my 
" long experience, I thought most convenient, both for 
" the furtherance of Her service and the good of this Her 
" poor people and country, his Lordship (Perrot) did 
" enter into such rage and storm with me as I forbear 
" to write. And this I assure you is the sole and only 
" cause which hath stirred his Lordship to this great 
" displeasure against me." And further says,* "how- 
" soever it doth please his Lordship now to vilipend myself 
" and annihilate my poor credit, yet this can all this state 
" witness with me, that Turlough O'Neill and all the rest 
" of the chieftains of Ulster by my labour came to his 
" Lordship without word or safe conduct, whereas now 
" neither Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, O'Rourke, Peagh 
" McHugh O'Byrne, nor any other, would come at him 
" without a most assured protection." This disposition 
to rage and storm seems to have increased considerably. 
On the 23rd of May 1587 Sir Nicholas White sends to 
Burghley a report of the broil that was between the Lord 
Deputy and Marshal Bagenall on the 15th of the same 

About the 20th of December 1586 Sir Henry Bagenall 
wrote a description of the present state of Ulster, showing 
the divisions and commodities of the country, the names 
of the different nations, their several dependencies, strength, 
and government. It is calendared at length in the Carew 
MSS.,f and is referred to in the preface to the Calendar 

* P. 74, No. 70. f Vol. II., p. 435. 


of State Papers, Ireland, 1608 to 1610.* Let us therefore 
pass on to the all-absorbing work of the re-peopling of 

In the former volumes was shown the fair and fertile 
state of Munster, and the beautiful and teeming banks of 
its rivers. Afterwards the wreck and waste of the war 
when the poet Spenser could hardly describe the terrible 
death and famine. And subsequently the ground over- 
grown with long grass and thorny shrubs. 

In 1586 the "wasteness" still continued. 

On the 29th of January 1586f George Beverley, the 
victualler, writes to Perrot, " I have again thought it my 
" duty to signify to your Lordship that Munster is destitute 
" both of corn, beef, and all other victual for men and 
" horses, by reason it remaineth still waste and unpeopled, 
" and the little corn which they had planted by digging 
" and other shifts in tillage, is destroyed by the late 
" unseasonable harvest weather. Therefore neither with 
" money nor without money dare I take upon me to fur- 
" nish any such proportion as you require, but do account 
" that for such forces as your Lordship shall advance 
" towards Munster, there must be a proportion of corn, 
" butter, and cheese provided, and sent from Bristol," 
and he adds, " I am of opinion that if Her Majesty shall 
" not have occasion to employ the same, the scarcity in 
" Munster is so great that it may be sold there for good 
" gain." 

At 1586, January 31,J the Lord Deputy Perrot writes 
to the Privy Council with reference to the threatened 
invasion : " This foreign preparation is likely to be bent 
" against Munster, to seize the cities and towns which are 

* James I., Vol. III., p. viii. f P. 18, No. 59, i. 

J P. 17, No. 59. 



very weak." If he shall go thither, there is not so much 
to be had in Munster as will serve for Perrot's own family, 
nor yet to feed his horses till grass do grow. Indeed, what 
by reason of the late wars, and this last bad season, 
there is not so much to be had as will maintain that 
one band of 100 men that is under Mr. Thomas Norreys, 
so that Perrot is enforced to shift them from town to 
town, where the people receive them with great grief. 
And at 1586, August 11,* Auditor Jenyson writes to 
Burghley : " And Munster lying in effect waste, wherein 
" little revenue will be levied till the same shall be 
" reinhabited." 

Again, on July the 13th, 1587,f "Wallop says, " Even 
" in these hard years, and dearth of corn and all other 
" necessaries universally, only that province of Connaught 
" hath yielded plenty of cattle and some corn." 

Also Sir Ed. Phyton writing to Burghley from Kil- 
mallock, on the 30th July, 15874 says > " -A- general 
" claim is laid to the lands appointed for the under- 
" takers. The country is generally wasted, but yet not 
" a pile or castle in any place but what is full of the 
" poorest creatures that ever I saw, so lean for want of 
" food as wonderful, and yet so idle that they will not 
" work, because they are descended either of kerne, 
" horseman, or galloglas, all three the very subversion 
" of this land." And Sir Richard Byngham says in one 
place, " I have already turned back many companies of 
" kerne which came towards me from Munster." 

In the end of 1587, among the reasons collected to 
maintain the action of the undertakers for the peopling 
of Munster, the writer says, "Those Irish lords are in 

* No. 45, p. 128. t No. 41, p. 387. 

+ P. 392, No. 55. P. 452, No. 42. 


" great poverty and want, and their people not sufficient 
" for the tenth part of their countries, so as in effect all 
" doth lie as it were waste." 

Again, Sir William Herbert observes* of Munster, 
that " th~-hundredth part is not inhabited." 

While the statesmen of England were directing the 
energy of the nation towards a general colonization in 
Munster, the reports of the magnitude of the Armada 
called off attention from Ireland to the urgent necessity 
of preparation to meet the power of Spain. It is very 
interesting to read the circumstances recorded in the 
news brought through Ireland of the various hindrances 
the Spanish armaments met with. In 1587 the enter- 
prise was deferred till the next year through want of 
favourable wind. This was exceedingly advantageous to 
the English, who, now seeing the determination of King 
Philip and the extent of his resources, used every exertion 
to get themselves in readiness, so that when at last the 
Armada sailed it met with a vigorous resistance. 

Let us now consider what was the actual progress made 
in the plantation. Under date 1586, June I7,f we have 
the plat of the attainted lands in Munster, and how the 
same were allotted to the undertakers, many of whose 
names are written in Burghley's hand. 

Next we have the copy of the first . grant by Queen 
Elizabeth of the escheated lands in Munster to the under- 
takers, 1586, June 27, J and the form of the grant to be 
passed to the undertakers. 

In 1586, June,|| we have a note touching the seignories 
surveyed in the county of Cork. Again, the draft of a 
grant to the undertakers in Munster, 1587, April [26]. ^f 

* P. 528, No. 58. t P. 77, No. 80. 

J P. 93, No. 95. P. 93, No. 96. 

|| P. 93, No. 102. f P. 302, No. 27. 


xviii PREFACE. 

In 1587, September 11,* Mr. Solicitor General Boger Wil- 
braliam, writes to the Lords Commissioners for Munster 
Causes, " Being employed this summer in Munster 
" commissions, I found most of the undertakers impor- 
" tunate to pass their letters patents, whereupon we were 
" forced to estimate the land unmeasured by ploughlands 
" and other good conjectures, and so to pass them, with 
" a proviso that if upon measure it shall be found of 
" greater quantity, then the patentee to pay rent rateably 
" for that surplusage as for the rest." 

The labours of the surveyors were arduous and un- 
thankful. Arthur B/obyns writes to "Walsyngham on the 
17th September 1587f from Adare, relating his labour in 
the survey. He says great stones were thrown down from 
the top of a castle |in Condon, which hurt him in the leg. 
In most places they will neither suffer him to have house- 
room nor victual for money. He is ready to beg, and 
prays for a letter to Wallop that he may have his enter- 

Then we have Francis Jobson's statement. On the 
10th of October 1587J he made a book of the parcels of 
land in Munster which he had measured from September 
1586 to 10th October 1587, extending over six pages, and 
containing the name and acreage of every parcel. There 
is also, by the same Francis Jobson, a map of the greater 
county of Limerick, Conyllo, Kenrey, Coshmay, Publy- 
brian, Clanwilliam, Slevewilliam, and the small county of 
Limerick, with a survey of some of the escheated lands, 
noted by red lines. 

On the llth of September 1587 1| Mr. Solicitor General, 
Boger Wilbraham, writes to the Lords Commissioners for 

* P. 405, No. 13. f p - 408, No. 22. 

J P. 427, No. 59. P. 427. 

|| P. 406, No. 13. 


Munstcr Causes, "All the undertakers being departed 
" we adjourned our commission for titles." Thus they 
had all returned home to England before the equinoctial 
gales set in. 
Agai^7 in June 1588,* Sir "William Herbert says : 

"Touching the inhabitation of this province's waste 
and desolate parts (through the attainder of sundry, 
accrued unto Her Majesty), and by reason of the calami- 
ties of the late wars void of people to manure and occupy 
the same, as it hath been with great reason thought meet 
to be performed by gentlemen of good ability and dis- 
position out of England, that by their good example, 
direction, and industry, both true religion, sincere justice, 
and perfect civility might be here planted, and hence 
derived and propagated into the other parts of this realm, 
so the placing amongst this froward and undisciplined 
people inhabitants so much differing both in manners, 
language, and country from them, shall be unto them at 
the first (without doubt), and ever without care had, 
unpleasant and odious, which will easily be acknowledged 
by any that weigheth the nature of the action together 
with the disposition of this nation." 

And on the 31st of July 1588f the Lord Deputy Pytz- 
wylliam writes to "Walsyngham, "Munster men greatly 
" expect the coming of the commissioners." 

But while we dwell upon the progress of the English 
plantation in Munster, we must not overlook the fact that 
there were very many not in the least implicated in the 
rebellion of the FitzGeralds. Among the loyal Irish who 
did not take part in the rebellion, we may reckon the 
Earl of Ormond, the Lord of Cahir and the Butlers, the 
Earl of Thomond, and the O'Briens, McCarthy More, alias 
the Earl of Clancarr, McCarthy Eeagh, the O'Sullivans, 

* P. 532, No. 58. t !" 583, No. 97. 


the O'Donoghues, McGillicuddy, the McNamaras, the 
two McMahons, O'Loughlin, the Knight of Kerry, the 
Baron of Lixnaw, O'Connor Kerry, McDonough, the 
O'Kennedies, the Lords Barry, the Lord Roche, the Lord 
Courcy, the Lord Poer, the Lord of Dunhoyne, and Sir 
James PitzGarret, the Viscount Decies, Sir Comae McTeig 
McCarthy, O'Driscol, O'Callaghan, O'Keefe, McAwley, 
O'Mulrian, O'Dwyer, O'Mahon, and the following gentle- 
men and freeholders of the county of Limerick : 
Moriertagh McBrien O'Gonaghe, Morough Keough of 
Balletarsenye, Brian Buoy, of Castlegard, the Archdeacon 
of Emly, Pedrus McPeragher, Teig McWilliam McBrian 
of Kyllnegonny, the sons of Melaghlen Reough, viz., 
"William, John, and Donnell, Dorm ell McMahon of the 
Portanes, Donoho Gowe McBrien, of Knock Dalton, 
and very many others of the small county of Limerick, 
Coslea, and Pohblebrien. 

After Desmond's death the survivors of the Munster 
rebellion escaped and fled into Connaught and Ulster, 
where they were not discoverable by the authorities. 

And on the 18th of October 1586,* Vice-President 
Thomas Norreys writes to the Privy Council : " The 
" province resteth now in perfect quiet, neither troubled 
" with any open outrages or privy stealths, which estate 
" I doubt not but it shall be continued in." 

But while the long delays occurred, and the land was 
running to weeds and producing deep grass, heath, 
brambles, and furze,f the followers of the Geraldines 
gained strength and courage to return from their distant 
retreats and prepare their plausible claims to much of 
the lands originally set down as escheated. 

At 1587, September 11,J Roger Wilbraham writes to 

* P. 182, No. 56. f P. 168, No. 52. J P. 406, No. 13. 


the Lords Commissioners for Munster Causes, "At 
" Cork, Kilmallock, and Clonmel, we spent five weeks 
" in hearing the claims and titles to Her Majesty's 
" land, found by office." 

On the 7th of November 1586* Fenton writes to 
Burghley from Kinsale : " The people are most willing 
" to have the attainted lands divided and measured, 
" and therein many of them have been found sound and 
" profitable instruments for Her Majesty, but it goeth 
" hard with them, and not without murmur, to see the 
" commission stretched to inquire of old concealments, 
" such as have lien in their possession many years." 

About the 30th of May 1586, t Sir Warhame St. Leger 
made a note of things to be enquired of in Ireland for 
Her Majesty's service. And this amongst others : 
" There is also another matter of great importance to 
" be enquired of, and that is concerning the Viscount 
" Decies holding of the country called the Decies, in 
" the county of Waterford. And if the Queen's Majesty 
" have not granted unto him a patent of that country, 
" then is Her Highness to be entitled thereunto by the 
" attainder of the late Earl of Desmond, who showed 
" in his lifetime to Sir Henry Sydney, then Lord Deputy 
" of Ireland, and to Sir Warhame Sentleger, then Lord 
" President of Munster, ' a faire Intaile of that Countrie ' 
" made to the said Earl and his heirs males of his 
" body lawfully begotten. The which ' intaile ' if it be 
" forthcoming (as likelie it is) it will plainly show 
" that country appertained to that Earl. And thereby 
" by his attainder, the Queen's, as is the rest of his 
" living." 

* P.I 193, No. 78. t p - 65 - No. 49. 

xxii PREFACE. 

On the 8th of October 1587* Sir Edward Phyton 
writes to Walsyngham from Gawseworth, that he had 
come from Ireland by Holyhead, and speaking of 
Munster, says, "Her Majesty truly by attainder hath 
" much, and I think so much truly as is certified by 
"the survey prima facie ; but when a man doth enter 
" into the titles, he shall neither find want of deeds 
" forged, nor pardons, nor any untrue suggestions 
" against Her Majesty, so as we were enforced to for- 
" bear to intermeddle thoroughly in these causes until 
" we knew farther of Her Majesty's good pleasure." 

At 1587, September 11, f Mr. Solicitor General Roger 
Wilbraham observes in writing to the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Munster Causes, " This is a most plentiful 
" and cheap year of corn to allure the undertakers to 
" bring over many tenants, and none of Her Majesty's 
" lands under any castle but hath Irish tenants now 
" inhabiting, five times so many Irish inhabiting in 
" the county of Limerick as were within this two 
" years, so as within two years more of plenty, there 
" will be little room left for English, for the Irish 
" tenants will take farms with harder conditions than 
" any English can or will." 

Sir William Herbert, J considering the best means of 
resisting the foreign invasion says, " And touching re- 
" sistance here to be made against any forces landing 
" in these parts, Her Highness is to trust either to the 
" Irish forces, or to the English, or to both. To employ 
" therein altogether the Irish seemeth inconvenient, both 
" for that many of them may well be doubted, and for 
" that their kind of. armour and furniture, especially in 

* P. 426, No. 56. t P. 405, No. 13. 

| P. 531, No. 58. 

PREFACE. xxiii 

" these parts, is far inferior to those that they shall be 
" encountered with. To trust altogether to English hands 
" require th great forces to he hither sent, and conse- 
" quently great charge, to trust to both will lessen the 
" chaTgo but double the peril, unless they very well agree. 
" The agreement that already is between them is but 
" very bad, for besides that generally between the old 
" soldiers here and these country people there is no good 
" liking ; those two bands of footmen that are in this 
" province are grown into quarrel and dislike with sundry 
" of these parts, as lately there hath been a fray between 
" Mr. Vice-President's* band and the citizens of Cork, 
" and continual jars daily increasing between Sir Edward 
" Denny's band and the townsmen of Youghal, and these 
" jars of discord, howsoever they be salved up for the 
" time, leave scars of discontentment behind them unfit 
" for this time." 


On the 5th of October 1587f Sir John Perrot writes to 
the Privy Council, " I learn by my spies that the bad 
" disposed of this land do daily expect the coming of 
" the Spaniards," and details the bare state of the 
country to resist, notwithstanding all the letters which 
he has written for supplies. 

Sir "William Herbert says,J " The strongest place in 
" this province is Limerick; liar Majesty hath therein 
" some munition, four demi-cannons, one culverin, and 
" a demi-culverin, a minion, and a 'fawlkon' all out of 
" reparations, lying upon the ground, the carriages broken 
'' and rotted. Moreover two or three hundred calivers all 
" unserviceable, sundry sheaves of arrows, the feathers 
" gone, through the moisture that hath spoiled them, 
" and some other weapon all in evil case/' 

* Thomas Norrcys. f P. 419, No. 50. 

t P. 530, No. 58. 


That Perrot's active valour and undaunted spirit was 
not wholly fruitless of good we may learn from Lord 
Trimleston's letter* to Burghley from Dublin. He says, 
" Where heretofore the subjects were not able to be 
" masters of their goods and chattels, by mean of stealths 
" and spoils of the Irishry, now God be thanked their 
" cattle lieth in the fields safe without fear, "and all the 
" Irishry as amenable and obedient to the Lord Deputy's 
" direction as any Englishman in the Pale." 

Indeed, he brought a new face upon the nation in a 
short time, and for Leinster there is not much to be said 
other than is described in Sir John Perrot's declaration 
of the 29th of June 1588,f that it " stands in reasonably 
" good terms for quietness, save for stealths, robberies, 
" and murders ; the Mores increase and Peagh McHugh 
" O'Byrne is upon his guard. The Fox, O'Doyn, and 
" O'Molloy are all quiet; Edmund O'Reilly with open 
" force has lately entered into the county of Longford 
and slain ten persons and lost himself five or six." 

In the last volume we had a full account of the 
slaughter of the Spaniards and Italians at Smerwick.J 
Here we have a description of " that singular and notable 
" exploit," as Sir Henry Wallop terms it, the battle 
of Ardnary, fought between Sir Richard Byngham and 
the Scots under Donnell Gorme McDonnell and Alexander 
Carragh McDonnell. They entered the province of Con- 
naught as Scots, and this is the answer they gave when 
the Governor, Sir Richard Byngham, probably about the 
26th of August 1586, sent a letter to them to ask the 
cause of their coming into the province to disquiet Her 
Majesty's subjects ; they state || that they are come over 

* P. 208, No. 91. t P. 526, No. 54. 

$ Vol. II., p. 267, No. 29. P. 387, No. 41. 

|| P. 153, No. 17. 



Lough Erne with a great number of men, [above 2,000] 
being drawn in by the Clanwilliams and the Clandonnells, 
who are their cousins, and that Shan entlevie, son to 
McWilliam, and Edmund Kykraghe, son to Davie Bane, 
are with them, to draw them to Me William's country, 
and they shall give them entertainment and the spoil of 
Connaught. And James's sons have no other shift but 
to take an enterprise upon themselves for such as will 
give them most, as all other soldiers in the world do use. 
And whosoever in Connaught shall forbid or let them 
thereof, they will not take it at their hands, except they 
be stronger than they, or of greater power. " This is 
" sufficient, I, Donnell Gorme, I, Alexander Caragh." 

The original Irish of this letter is preserved among the 
manuscripts of the Duke of Northumberland at Alnwick 
Castle, and is calendared in the Third Report of the 
Commission on Historical Manuscripts.* 

On the 23rd of August 1586f Wallop wrote to Wal- 
syngham : 

The action which Sir R. Byngham hath in hand is in as good 
forwardness as may be, yet will not my Lord Deputy be dissuaded 
from going thither, specially having yesterday received a letter 
from the Earl of Tyrone that the Scots are gone into Connaught. 

And further on wrote : 

All that are here of the English Council dissuade him what we 


The reasons that move his Lordship to go as I conceive are 
two : The first is to pull from Sir Richard Byngham, whom 
assuredly he hateth, the credit of the service ; the second is his 
greedy desire to gain cows and to spare at home. 

* P. 48. 

t P. 143, No. 62. 


On the 30th of August 1586* Sir E. Byngham wrote to 
the Chancellor Archbishop Loftus : 

I rode from Don Monye on Saturday towards the Mawghrye 
in great post, for that I heard the Scots were coming in there, 
but being come to those parts I had other news, wherefore I 
struck up wide of Roscommon four or five miles, and by a great 
journey came to Sligo, two days' journey being above seventy-two 

I am advertised that the Scots are at the Erne, about 1,500 
of them, and that they surprised Sir Owen McTool upon the 
sudden, and took from him money, hackneys and shirts of mail, 
and 500 or 600 cows, which relieves the Scots well, and doth 
prejudice us much. 

The Scots are building a fort upon the passage of the Erne. 
I have here a hundred or six score horsemen, four hundred foot- 
men, four score kerne, and forty Irish shot. I have written to 
my Lord Deputy now that I think better for his Lordship to 
send forces into O'Reilly's country and the Annaly than to come 
or send hither, for there they shall defend those parts, amaze 
the enemy, and succour us if need be. 

In the discourse which Sir R. Byngham sent to 
Burghley he narrates :f 

After this, having left order in the county of Mayo for the 
defence of the same, and the prosecuting of the few Burkes 
there in action, if they should haply stir, I hastened after the 
Earl myself, having with me a hundred footmen and 25 horsemen, 
for one hundred footmen I had also sent away before me. But 
having news that the Scots would that night spoil the Maugherie 
by Roscommon, I came by a great day's journey with my horse- 
men into the Maugherie, four miles wide of Roscommon, from 
whence (understanding contrarily that the Scots were at Sligo) 
I diverted and came the next day thither, being well near three 
score English miles, leaving my footmen to follow me. At the 
abbey of Boyle I met with Sir Thomas Le Strange and others, 
the risings out of the country, whom I had appointed to be there 
for the defence of those parts ; I left them there still, and came 
to Sligo the 28th of August. At my coming thither the Scots 
lay still about the Erne, some on the one side, and some on the 

* P. 149, No. 6. i. f Pp. 175, 176, No. 53. i. 


other, to the number, as I was advertised, of eighteen hundred 
or two thousand footmen and a hundred horsemen. For Sir 
Arthur O'Neill, and Hugh Maguire had aided them with certain 
forces. So their whole number was above two thousand (as it 
was said), besides women, boys, churls, and children, whereof 
they ha^Lmany and great store of carriages. My coming so soon 
to Sligo, and the news of the pacification of the county of Mayo, 
made them stay long about the Erne and Bundrowes, either 
expecting more forces to come to them, or some broils to be raised 
in the country behind me, which might cause me to divide my 
forces, being then 400 footmen, English and Irish, and about 
three score horsemen, besides the risings out of the country, which 
were about 100 horsemen and 200 kernes. A force far too weak 
to have encountered the Scots, except we might have gotten 
them in a champagne ground, into which like place of dis- 
advantage they had no intention to come, for of my 400 footmen, 
300 were Irish, and but newly trained for the most part. I wrote 
to the Lord Deputy to send me two bands of footmen and fifty 
horsemen, for that there was no trust in the Irish horsemen, 
which if they had come in any time, the Scots would never have 
come into the country at all. I lay at Sligo and at the foot of 
the Curlews with my said forces fronting the Scots and keeping 
them from entering into the country, expecting still a supply 
from the Lord Deputy, the space of 14 or 15 days. The Scots 
drawing by little and little through O'Rourk's country, upon 
mountains, woods, and bogs towards the Curlews, intending to 
pass that way, encamping ever in such places of fastness as we 
could never come at them without great disadvantage. And at 
length, although we kept the passages straitly upon them (which 
to watch well I was driven to divide my companies into two or 
three several places far distant), yet in an exceeding foul and 
tempestuous and dark night, they deceived us, for after we had 
watched for their coming till ten of the clock at night, hearing 
they had removed their camp and were either going away, or 
coming towards us over night, by reason of the abundance of 
rain which fell, and O'Connor Sligo's words, which assured us 
they were in camp for that night, we left to watch any longer, 
and bestowed ourselves into places of succour ; shortly after which 
time they having as I think both good spies and good guides, 
stole towards the bridge of Collooney [Kuluonye], which to defend 
I had left 50 Irish horsemen, and my footmen hard by, and con- 


veyed 300 or 400 of themselves over the bridge before the foot- 
men came at them, who as soon as they came beat them from 
the bridge, and. won it, the said Irish horsemen doing no service 
at all. The alarm being up, I being a mile from them at Knock- 
millen, being another passage, where it was supposed they would 
sooner pass there than at the bridge, came in with my horse- 
men, even as our footmen had gotten the bridge, which bridge 
we made account had been the only way that they might have 
passed there, but they contrarily, stole over a ford never before 
known to any of that country, not far from the bridge. The 
ground was ill for horsemen, yet I served upon them, and killed 
and drowned about forty or fifty of them. The most of my 
horsemen failed me, some by reason they were far absent, and 
some by reason they had no will to fight, which was the 
Irishry. But my own household men, the Earl of Clanricard, and 
two or three of his men, Sir Thomas Le Strange, and his house- 
hold men, and Mr. Barkley, with some five others, served with 
me ; they hurt and killed divers of our horses, and some of our 
men, with a shower of arrows, and gat up the mountains. And 
so we were constrained for that time to leave them. They being 
thus escaped I dismissed the Earl, Sir Thomas Le Strange, and 
all the risings out, for I found that the Irishry did me more 
hurt than good. And with the 400 footmen and the garrison 
horsemen, being about 50, I pursued the Scots the next day, and 
dogged them still, till the supply which my Lord Deputy sent 
me, being 200 footmen and 40 horsemen, came to me. 

Now after the Scots had thus passed the bridge of Collooney 
onwards their way towards the county of Mayo, myself somewhat 
moved with the insufficiency and naughty dealing of the Irish 
forces, which we call risings out, I thought good for that I knew 
it would like them all, to discharge them, and send them home every 
man to his country. For they were to me a great trouble and 
very chargeable, and during their being in my company, I could 
keep no enterprize secret, as yet but mean men when they come to 
action, as appeared by that night, for at the charge they forsook us 
all. And after they were thus dismissed home, I removed with my 
own ordinary forces into the barony of Tireragh, which I did 
most chiefly to save the prey of that country which was very great, 
leaving the great mountains of Slewgau on my left hand, which 
before were on my right hand, and marched eight miles deep into 
the said barony, which barony is twenty miles long of plain 


ground, and some bog, all along the sea coast, and came to a town 
called Ardglass, where I encamped the second night. And having 
intelligence of mine espials that the enemy encamped on the other 
side of the mountain not far from an abbey called Banned, in a 
marvellous fast and strong ground, I took good guideship with me, 
and passed the same mountains with all such forces as I had, and 
came to lodge at a town that night called Occorirou [Achonry], a 
see town of the Bishop O'Hart's. At my being there, news was 
brought me that the enemy was marching up through Gallen 
towards the inner and civil countries, as that of my Lord Berming- 
ham's and the country of Roscommon, whereupon I hasted me, and 
brought ourselves by a great day's march, to a castle called Moyi- 
garie, which castle lies to answer the strait in the forefoot of them, 
which way they must pass to the places aforesaid. This I did to 
prevent the harm that might have come to the county of Ros- 
common and the civil places of the province, as also in hope to 
meet with some of the supply of forces sent me from my Lord 
Deputy, having three weeks before sent out my men for them. 
Being arrived at Moyigary, the Monday about three in the after- 
noon, news was brought me from by brother, by his subsheriff, 
that the Vice-president of Munster's hundred men, under their 
leader Lieutenant Hunt, and fifty of Sir William Stanley's was 
past the Curlews, whereupon I despatched my messengers to them, 
and they came in to me the same night. The morrow after, being 
Tuesday, I removed to Castlemore in the barony of Costello a four 
miles from thence, a place as commodious to answer the service as 
the other was. Here came in to me the other fifty of Sir William 
Stanley's, under their leader Lieutenant Jacques, and fifty of Sir 
George Bowrchier's under their leader Lieutenant Day, and twenty- 
five horsemen of Sir H. Harrington's, and fifteen of Mr. Wyngfeld's. 
These were brought in by Captain Green O'Molloy, whom I had 
sent out a week before for that purpose ; at this place we should 
have been somewhat distressed for want of beef, had not Captain 
Woodhouse supplied us, whom I had before sent out to seek for 
some in the plains. Here we lay, Tuesday night, and Wednesday, 
till it was noon, before our men could kill their beef and prepare 
it to refresh themselves with, and by the time" it was 12 o'clock the 
espials came in, which we had sent out to discover the enemy, who 
brought us news that at their last remove from Cloncarne they 
took their way towards Ardnary in the barony of Tireragh, which 
stands upon the bank of the river of Moyne. 


On the 27th of 'September* the Chancellor Archbishop 
Loftus, Hobert Gardener, Edward Brabazon, and Geff. 
Fenton, Privy Councillors, write to Burghley : 

S Upon the late repair of the Scots into Connaught, and the Lord 

\ Deputy's pretending a vehement desire to draw thither in person 
for their expulsion, it was made a question in Council, partly by 
our urging, whether it were more convenient for Her Majesty's 
service, that his Lordship should undertake that journey or to 
remain at home, sending to the Governor there competent forces to 
answer that service. Upon the debating of this question in two or 
three several consultations, it was drawn at last to this issue and 
resolution, that for many weighty reasons alleged by us, gathered 
partly from the wavering disposition of the time and partly to 
avoid unnecessary charges [to] Her Majesty, it was agreed his 
Lordship should remain at home, and countenance Sir Richard 
Byngham with two bands of footmeu and fifty horse, which was all 
the forces he required to end that war. This consultation was 
entered as an act in the!Council Book, and subscribed by us and 
the Treasurer, who, if he were not now in Munster, would join 
with us in the report thereof. Nevertheless, his Lordship retaining 
still his first desire, and oftentimes afterwards renewing the same 
in Council, to the end to draw our consents, and lingering still the 
sending of the said bands to Sir Richard Byngham, as appeared 
from time to time by Sir Richard's letters. Resolved at last to 
make a journey into Connaught in person, both contrary to the 
former consultations made on Her Majesty's behalf, and without 
any apparent necessity of service, which, when we eftsoons stood 
against in Council, his Lordship answered that at least he would 
but make a progress journey into some parts of the Pale to pass 
away the time, or to Athlone at the farthest, whereunto some of 
us consented, being not able to stay him. 

On the 28th of Septemberf Penton writes to "Wal- 
syngham that 

The Lord Deputy has drawn all the soldiers out of Munster, 
except twenty-five, and complains of a late hard dealing offered to 
some of the Council by the Lord Deputy in rifling their letters and 
retaining them almost twenty hours. 

* P. 158, No. 27 f P. 160, No. 29. 


On the 29th* also Eenton wrote to Burghley from 
Dublin :- 

The Lord Deputy by drawing so great a force with him from all 
parts to Athloue, hath left most places of charge within the realm 
and the Pale itself, disfurnisljed and open to danger, whereby any 
bad pretence^af minds, badly inspired, may, with good opportunity 
be executed even upon this city and castle, places which in other 
times of peril have been with great care provided for. Besides his 
Lordship assembling upon the sudden so great an army for so light 
a matter as to go seek the Scots in Connaught, whom he knew the 
Governor there held short for doing any harm, and would ere now 
have ended the work with them, if his Lordship had sent him 
forces, hath stirred the minds of the people to further jealousies 
than before, which assuredly in this unsound and doubtful time 
might have been forborn. 

On the same day f Eenton wrote to Walsyngham : 
I have forborn in my former letters to write of the matters of 
Connaught, but chiefly of the late descending of the Scots and their 
insolent pretences, boasting proudly that they came to invade that 
country and inhabit it, for which purpose they were combined with 
the Burkes of Mayo, or M' William's country, and had many other 
confederates in other parts of the province. Sir Richard Byngham 
made head against them at the beginning, and with the forces he 
prepared in the'province withstood their entry a long time, hoping 
that upon the coming of two bands of footmen and 50 horse, which 
he often wrote for hither, and in truth were overlong detained 
from him, he would either fight with them or drive them to retire 
with shame. In this sort he hath lien all this while very near 
them, rather defending their further incursions and striving to 
draw them to some place of advantage, than that he was in case to 
put it to a fight, but to his great disadvantage, for they were 1,500 
or 1,600 at the least, and he not above 400 or 500 footmen and 100 
horse at the most, and the greatest number Irish. At last about 
the 22nd of this month, the said two bands of footmen and 50 
horse being come to him, having before discharged the risings out 
of the country, and dismissed them to their dwellings, he gave a 
very resolute charge upon the Scots, and so maintained it that he 
slew and drowned between 1,300 and 1,400 of them, not leaving 
of all sorts above 100 to carry news. 

* P. 160, No. 31. f P- ] 62, No. 32. 


On the 23rd of September Byngham writes* from 
Ardnary to the Lord Deputy Perrot, describing his 
success : 

May it please your Honour, by my last letters to your Lordship 

from Ardglass, I advertised you that the Scots, having passed over 

the water of Collooney into Slievdhawe, were in the mountains, in 

O'Gara's country. After the writing whereof, I removed from 

thence to the castle of Moygharee, where the Vice-President's 

company, and some of Sir William Stanley's band came to me the 

19th of this month, there I did understand the Scots were come 

to the nether part of M'Costello's country, and had an intent to 

pass through the same into the county of Kos[comm]oii to take 

the prey of it, whereupon I removed from thence to Castlemore, 

in M'Costello's country, to cut betwixt them and home that way, 

and to be ready to encounter them. The 20th of September, 

Lieutenant Jacques came to me to this place with the rest of Sir 

William Stanley's band, Sir George Bourchier's fifty, with their 

officers, and the band of horsemen your Lordship sent me. There 

I had intelligence that the Scots were in Cowlcarny, in some place 

near the river of Moy. And to the end I might make short work 

with them, and not lie still with the forces, I marched to the 

Abbey of Bannada in the highway towards them, where my spial 

brought me certain word that they were at Killdermot or at 

Ardnary, persuading and practising with the Burkes of Tyrawly 

to join with them. Here they made proclamation that Connaught 

was their own, that I was gone to Roscommon, and that all my 

forces gave me over, and that therefore such of the country as 

would come unto them should be received and take no hurt. 

The 21st of September, about two of the clock after midnight, I 

removed from Bannada, and understanding by my spial that the 

Scots were at Ardnary, I took my way directly thither through 

the mountains, which I passed with all my company of horse and 

footmen, with our carriages, not without great difficulty and 

pains. And about ten of the clock on Thursday the 22nd of this 

month, in the morning, when we came in their view, I made 

towards them with the horsemen, and sent half a dozen to see the 

ground where they were, and to know how they stood. Hereupon 

the Scots issued out, and ranged themselves in order, and made 

* P. 164, 165, No. 34, n. 


toward us, whereupon we charged their "vowarde," and beat them 
into their " battaill," and killed many of them and drove them into 
a bog, and having some shot a horseback, kept them play until the 
loose shot and the main "battayle" of the footmen came in, and 
then we all charged them again, and overthrew and defeated their 
whole company^ they fled before us to the river side, which was 
hard by, where we killed and drowned them all, saving about four 
score, who stripped themselves and swam over into Tyrawly 
[le]aving their weapon and garments behind them. 

And adds : 

" They had no place to fly from us but to the river, and 
" as soon as they came thither, our shot beat them from 
" their footing, and the force of the stream carried them 
" to the sea. A number of their bodies lie dead upon 
" the rocks in the shallow places of the river, and many 
" in the fields." 

This is the certainty of this day's service and " now we 
" need not to fear the Scots in Connaught any more." 

In the same despatch Byngham says,* " In this ser- 
" vice I had none but such as were in Her Majesty's 
" pay, for I turned home all the rising out, for that 
" they did me no good at the meeting at Collooney, 
" and I would I never had had any of them, for they 
" were very troublesome unto me and put me to great 
" charges. I think we are here five hundred men by 

" the pole and fourscore horse." 


In his discourse, Sir Richard Byngham says,f "The 
" number of their fighting men slain and drowned that 
" day, we estimated and numbered to be fourteen or fifteen 
" hundred, besides boys, women, churles, and children, 
" which could not be so fcw as so many more and 
" upwards." 

Captain Thomas Woodhouse says,{ he was never so 

* P. 166, No. 34, ii. f P. 179, No. 53, i. 

J P. 161, No. 31, iv. 

c 2 


weary of slaying men, " for as fast as he could he did 
" but hough them and paunch them, sometimes on 
" horseback and sometimes on foot," the time not per- 
mitting him to dispense the coup de grace to the victims, 
and when all was over they counted the victory at the 
half rate and reckoned but 900 slain, when it really 
turned out that the numbers of the foe were double. 
There is no reason to suppose that these Scots wanted in 
any of the qualities of their race, except, perhaps, that 
their generals were young. The English were weary with 
all night's painful marching through the mountains, and 
the Scots were in camp and quite ready for battle, drawing 
out their line with confidence. 

On the 6th of October, Sir K-. Byngham wrote to 
Burghley : * 

Having now thoroughly ended the service in the county of Mayo 
against the Burkes, as also having overthrown and utterly slain 
the Scots, their auxiliaries, who in their quarrel invaded this 
province, with an intention to inhabit the same, I have, as in 
duty I stand bound, sent your Honour the large and true discourse 
thereof, in perusing whereof your Lordship shall easily find how 
hardly I have been dealt withal, and yet notwithstanding all the 
devices of mine enemies all things have fallen out well in Her 
Majesty's service, to the benefit of the State. It was long before I 
could get the small supply which the Lord Deputy sent me; 
if they had come sooner to me the service would have been sooner 
exploited ; my Lord Deputy, [notwithstanding the service is done 
and thoroughly determined before he came nigh to the province, 
yet he is repaired to Gal way, but to what end I know not ; I pray 
God his coming encourage not some of the bad affected Irishry to 
begin a new broil ; that it will much spoil the province I am well 
assured, for both his horsemen and footmen must feed on the 
country, contrary to the composition. I would all things were done 
to a good end, the country favoured and the service followed 
without affection to private gain or emulation of well-doing. I 
think my Lord Deputy intended not to have sent the supply to me 

* Pp. 168, 169, No. 53. 


till he had come himself. I levied 300 of footmen within the pro- 
vince, yet the charges thereof and also of divers horsemen in like 
sort is defrayed without any charge to Her Majesty or the country, 
other than with the goods and preys of the rebels taken and on 
their expenses. And so was also the winning of the castle Ne Galley 
and divers others, as also that great strong castle of Mahon 
O'Brien's without any charge to her Majesty. How the revenues 
and casualties of the province are issued I will make known to your 
Honour by a just and true book which I will send shortly. 

On the 18th October,* Sir Richard Byngham wrote in 
answer to Sir Henry Wallop : 

Sir, I have received your letter dated at Enniscorthy the 12th 
of this month, wherein you are desirous to understand from me 
the cause of my Lord Deputy's repair into this province (the 
service being here ended before he came near to the same). I 
assure you, Sir, the only cause hereof was, for aught that I can 
learn, an earnest desire that he had to hear complaints, and to 
gather matter against me, whereby he might have made me the 
author of the stirs and broils late commoted by the Burkes, for 
the which purpose the inferior ministers employed in this action, 
viz., Barkley, Theobald Dillon, Ricard Oge M'Jonyn, and such 
like, ceased not to solicit the country on all hands to come to 
Galway to exhibit their complaints against me. But as I was 
altogether free from that offence, so was I altogether left untouched 
with any such complaints, which, falling out contrary to my Lord 
Deputy's expectation, forced his Lordship to fall into an unquiet 
fever, whereof he lay sick certain days in Galway. His Lordship 
might have been satisfied in this matter at Dublin, and needed 
not to have come into Connaught for it, for he hath seen the 
articles exhibited by the Burkes when they were in the action, 
containing the cause of their grief, and the sum of their demands 
to be for a M' William. 

On the 15th of Novemberf Sir Henry "Wallop wrote to 
Burghley, in answer to his of the 22nd of October : 

Whereas your Lordship writeth that my Lord Deputy findeth 
himself grieved with a direction sent hither by Mr. Secretary 
Fenton that in matters of government and state, he should use the 

* P. 182, No. 57. f Pp. 196, 197, 198, No. 82. 


advice of the councillors here and do nothing without the assent 
of the most of them, I marvel nothing at all thereat, when I con- 
sider his disposition and desire to be wholly absolute, which he 
continually expresseth. Albeit indeed the restraint he received was 
not otherwise than that he should be advised by the most of us in 
matters of charge, weight, and importance. But some minds think 
themselves yoked if they have their wills circumscribed within the 
limits of reason. For as for the imputing of his stay of going into 
Connaught to have been a hindrance to Her Majesty's service, the 
sequel of things, and the reasons which induced us to dissuade his 
Lordship from that journey, do sufficiently stop that surmise ; I 
could, with all my heart, wish him free from that humour of doing 
all of himself. For it is dangerous for him, and the course that is 
set him, is most for his ease and safety, if he consider it well. And 
his repining and grieving thereat with blaming of us, doth urge us 
in discharge of our duties and in our own defence, to say that which 
otherwise we should not need to allege, howbeit (for my part) 
so long as Her Majesty shall please to use my littleworthy service 
here, I have proposed to myself a direct and plain way, by true and 
honest actions and counsels to discharge my fidelity and duty to 
Her Highness, to the best of my skill, respecting little any par- 
ticular pleasing or mislike in balance therewith, which principally 
I say unto your Lordship, because myself was one of them that 
advised his Lordship's stay from that journey. For having con- 
sideration of the dangerousness of the time, both in respect of 
doubts of foreign invasion, and of the discovery of the great and 
important practises there, which might have stretched hither, of 
the increase of charge to Her Majesty, of the heavy burthen to the 
country that his Lordship's carriages in harvest time especially 
would be ; of the forces of the enemy which Sir Richard Byngham 
had advertised us of, and that no example of any Deputy before 
could be produced that for any motion of Scots, had in person gone 
into that province, and yet they were sundry times overthrown 
there, as of late memory both by Sir Edward Fyton and by Sir 
Nicholas Malbie. My Lord Chancellor, Mr. Gardener, the Chief 
Justice of the King's Bench, Sir Robert Dillon, Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas, Mr. Marshal, myself, Sir Edward Waterhous, Mr. 
Brabazon, and Mr. Secretary Fenton, were of opinion that his 
Lordship should not need to trouble himself and the country for 
that service. The rather for that Sir Richard Byngham both in 
his letters public and private (as one knowing best the state of the 

PREFACE. xxxvii 

province which he governeth) did gravely seek to advise his Lord- 
ship's stay and the sending only of some forces. Upon debating 
whereof, it was first concluded, that besides the bands newly erected 
for that service, Mr. Vice-president's company being at Limerick 
and Sir William Stanley's being also in Monster, and meet there- 
fore to be drawn into Connaught, should be directed thither to 
strengthen Sir llichard's forces. Nevertheless after upon new 
advertisements of the increase of the number of Scots, and another 
assembly of Council we determined that for a supply, half of Sir 
George Bowrchier's band, half of Sir Henry BagenalPs and half 
Wareham Sentleger's should be sent thither, by which companies, 
we nothing doubted but that service might have been very well 
performed, directions being sent in time for their repair thither, 
according to our resolution. But my Lord Deputy having still an 
unquenchable desire to go into the province all our determinations 
fell to be short. For the 9th of September, which day I was to 
take my journey towards Munster ; for the accomplishing of the 
commissions directed to me and others concerning the bounding 
and meting the attainted lands in Munster ; his Lordship assembled 
the Council eftsoons, and there, proposing again the necessity of his 
repair into Connaught to repress the Scots, both the Chief Justices 
being gone in their circuits and Mr. Marshal home into the North, 
it was agreed unto by my Lord Chancellor, Sir Lucas Dillon, Sir 
Nicholas White, and Sir Edward Waterhous, that it was expedient 
for his Lordship to go towards the Borders of the province as far as 
Athlone or Roscommon, to give the enemy occasion of fear at least, 
and to have with him the residue of Sir George Bowrchier's band 
and Mr. Sentleger's, yet myself, Mr. Brabazon, and Mr. Secretary, 
continuing in our former opinions for the reasons above mentioned, 
and of that mind still are both the Chief Justices and the Marshal. 
And having by most voices so prevailed, his Lordship did accord- 
ingly set forward his journey, to his own trouble and peril (as it 
fell out) by sickness, the great toil and charge of his company 
attending him, the burthen not only of the Borders of the Pale, 
in that he levied the forces of the county of Westmeath, but most 
especially of the province after the exploit done, which might have 
been very well forborne and spared, if it had pleased his Lordship 
rather to respect the good and faithful advice of such as were no 
way interested in the matter, other than for the service of Her 
Majesty than those other passions which he cannot, nor careth not 
to bridle before us ; who in duty and conscience, have to make no 


comparison between the pleasing of him and the service of Her 
Highness, in which as well we, as he, are employed, though he 
worthily, and of Her Majesty's special trust, be chiefly placed to 
direct the whole. 

On the 5th of December* Sir R. Byngham wrote to 
Burghley : 

I am hardly dealt withal by my Lord Deputy in many things, 
especially in bad speeches and uncourteous terms, such as for 
modesty's sake I omit to write here. 

On the 15th of Decemberf Sir R. Byngham, complained 
in his letter to the Privy Council, of the many reproaches 
cast on him by the Lord Deputy, as tending to disable him 
from doing that service to Her Majesty which he might. 

On the 17th of JanuaryJ Sir R,. Byngham wrote that 
Burghley 's comfortable letters of December 4th had 
revived him from his great grief and sorrow. 

We have also a plat of the counties of Sligo and Mayo 
with the confines of other countries, and the place where 
the Scots made their entry on the 24th of August with 
their line of march, and proceedings noted till the day of 
their overthrow, September the 22nd. 

No one can find fault with the manly reply of these 
young Scots, but at the same time it must he admitted 
that they left no choice to the Governor of Connaught. 
Dr. O'Donovan, in a note to his admirable edition of the 
Eour Masters, year 1586, page 1850, says, " It is curious 
" to remark how treacherous all his [Byngham' s] attacks 
" have been;" but when we refer to the full narrative of 
his proceedings, and come to consider the delays which 
Perrot put to the despatch of the bands which he had 
promised to send, it appears evident that it was rather 
necessity than treachery which determined his conduct, 

* P. 215, No. 8. f P- 228 > No. 31. 

J P. 245, No. 13. P. 255. 


and when wo read the account of the behaviour of 
the Irish risings out at Collooney,* we cannot wonder 
that Byngham wrote, " I found that the Irishry did me 
" more hurt than good," and sent his disaffected auxiliaries 
home while he tar^d till he obtained the English bands 
from the Pale. 

It is, before all things, requisite that people should 
know they have not been overreached by treachery; 
brave men will always acknowledge that, although they 
and their adversaries did each their best, the conflict 
ended in favour of one side or the other, and if they find 
themselves placed by circumstances on the losing side, 
either by inferior arms, want of ammunition, unfavour- 
able weather, or shortness of numbers, none are more 
ready than the brave to make the best of misfortune. 

On the 29th of September 1586,f Eenton writes to 
Walsyngham : " Touching the gentleman under whose 
" virtue and conduct this overthrow of the Scots was 
" done, I doubt not but your Honour will prefer his com- 
" mendation and credit according to his desert, and in 
" this point I must say for him that he hath need both 
" of comfort and countenance from thence, having reaped 
" here the contrary, even almost to the overthrowing of 
ft his mind, which is the measure that is also vielded 

* ** 

" to others of us here with more and more indignities." 

There was much unfriendliness between Perrot and 
Byngham. Both have been very much maligned, but 
Perrot has excited a great deal of sympathy, his grating 
stonej and other infirmities may have helped considerably 
to irritate his mind and make him objectionable to other 
leading characters, and he, doubtless, assumed a too 
arbitrary power. 

* P. 176, No. 53, i. f P. 163, No. 32. 

J P. 488, No. 7. 


At the same time he seems to have persecuted Byngham 
without either cause or object, and to have followed up 
his persecution in a very objectionable manner. Without 
question Byngham may have had his faults, but all the 
charges brought against him seem most untenable. He 
certainly slaughtered the Scots at Ardnary, but they were 
the subjects of a Sovereign at peace with Queen Elizabeth. 

That Byngham was a hard plodding English reformer 
is evident from the passage at p. 199, line 12. Now 
and then some [one] would cast out a word and say that 
" this new Governour would shortly make their churl 
" their master." After this we need not wonder that he 
had many enemies, although both this and the next 
document* show what consideration the higher people of 
the province held him in. 

Much has been written on the subject of Lacustrine 
habitations, f their use and the date at which they may 
have been in existence. "We will here contemplate a few 
circumstances respecting the capture and razing of one 
or two of them in Lough Mask. 

Sir Richard Byngham in his discourse^ says : 

" At this time, amongst all others, it seemed that 
Thomas Roe Burke, orie of the chief gentlemen, held 

* P. 203, No. 84. 

j- Mr. E. P. Shirley in his account of Farney, published in 1845, in 
describing Ever McCooley's house, at p. 94 gives a very minute and 
interesting description of a crannoge, and Sir John Lubbock in his book 
on Primaeval Man has treated very fully on the same subject. See also 
The Journal of the Kilkenny and South East of Ireland, Archaeol. Journal, 
N.S., vol. 2, p. 128-39, with illustrations. Ib. vol. 3, p. 86-90. Ib. vol. 4, 
p. 36, articles found in, and plate, it, p. 379. Ib. vol. 5, p. 228-29. 
Journal of the Hist, and Archaeol. Ass. of Ireland, vol. l,pp. 219 and 154. 
Ib. vol. 2, pp. 12 and 305. Ulster Journal of Archaeology, vol. 2, pp. 142 
and 148. n. Ib. vol. 7, pp. 187-93, and the Archseologia, vol. xxxix., 
pp. 483-90. 

% P. 169, No. 53, i. 


himself discontented, for this Thomas Iloo Burke, during 
our abode at Donnemoney, kept himself within a strong 
castle of his own, standing in an island on Lough Mask, 
within sight of the place where we were, refusing to come 
at us, notwithstanding we had sent for him divers times. 
Knowing the said Thomas Hoe* to he a sure pledge for 
all his sept, I dealt with the sheriff for his apprehension ; 
he not long after sent his sub-sheriff to put the same in 
execution, who was resisted and hurt by the said Thomas, 
and by reason thereof killed the said Thomas Roe. 

" Hereupon the sons of Edmund Burke, of Castle Barry 
with Edmund Keecraghe Burke and divers others gathered 
themselves together and entered into a castle in Lough 
Mask and manned the same, and also the said Thomas 
Roe's castle, which after the death of the said Thomas 
was in the possession of his brother Richard Burke, other- 
wise called the " paile of Ireland," keeping the said castle 
in rebellious manner and utterly refusing to come at me. 
About this time I lay at the siege of Cloon-oan in 
Thomond, kept against Her Majesty by Mahon O'Brien. 

" Within seven days I expugned the castle, slew Mahon 
O'Brien and his men, and from thence marched to Castle 
Ne Callye, within which the traitorous Burkes had enclosed 
themselves. At my first coming I parleyed with them, 
advising them to remember the obedience which they 
owed unto Her Majesty. But they, mindingf nothing 
less than to submit, said they would not do any hurt but 
keep themselves there in safety, whereupon I besieged 
them in the said castle a strong round fortress erected 
in the midst of Lough Mask, upon a small compass of 
ground so scanted by the wall that scarce a landing place 
was left unto the same. The siege was all by water, in 
boats, and could not be otherwise laid, but I was forced 
by reason of contrary weather, which much favoured 
them, to leave the attempt, with the loss of one of my 

* P. 170. t I'- 171. 


xlii PREFACE. 

boats and two or three of my men, and myself and others 
being in the same, hardly escaping. They got my boat 
and one other boat of their own, and before I could return 
to charge them with a fresh supply from the land, they 
shipped themselves, and with great celerity escaped to 
the woods, fearing, that at the next charge I should have 
won the castle. These traitors being thus escaped to the 
woods out of Castle Ne Callye, their accomplices also fled 
out of the other castle, both which and one strong pile of 
Eerraugh McDonnell's, I razed to the ground, for that 
they were not fit to be kept by the English, and very 
dangerous to be in the possession of the Irish." 

Amongst the documents calendared in this volume is a 
very remarkable memorial of matters of Ireland.* It is 
a chronicle of Irish affairs kept by Lord Burghley for 
55 years, from the very commencement of his political 
career in 1531 till July 1586, when his frequent sickness 
and failing vigour compelled him to relinquish the long 
continued task. 

The Armada could not get to England either in 1586 
or 1587 on account of the adverse winds which prevailed 
during all the period of summer. 

The question may be asked what has the business of 
the long preparation and despatch of the Spanish Armada 
to do with the state of Ireland and its history. It may 
be answered that it shows that Ireland, although distant 
from the continent of Europe, has always had, as well as 
England, an important place in all European questions, 
and has been affected by the ambitions and disputes of 
other countries, which at first sight would appear to have 
little relation to it, so here the whole energy of the 
English Government and people was absorbed in pre- 
parations to withstand the immense armament that was 

* P. 116, No. 35. 

PREFACE. xliii 

coming, and could not go on with the colonization of 
Munster, which consequently almost collapsed. 

Here is a little sentence from Perrot's letter to the Privy 
Council of the 31st of January 1585-6 :* " And herein I 
" would wish youT Lordships to consider the winds and 
" weather, how untowardly they have framed this year 
" (i.e., last year, 1585, for this was written hefore March) 
" for as some have 'lien' at Chester nine weeks to come 
" over hither, so hath there been no passage hence these 
" six weeks." 

On the 2nd of November 1586f James Horre of Water- 
ford and another captain who came in a bark of Conquete 
bound to Drogheda state in their examinations, that 300 
sail of Spaniards started for Ireland under the command 
of a son of the Duke of Alva, and afterwards were with- 
drawn back again into Spain, and that the King caused 
them to be stayed and their men discharged for this time. 

On the 27th of April 1587 Drake writes to Walsyng- 
ham,J " I assure your Honor the like preparation was 
" never heard of, nor known, as the King of Spain hath 
" and daily maketh to invade England." " His provisions 
" of bread and wines are so great as will suffice 40,000 
" men a whole year." 

We learn from George Woode's news of the 21st of 
August 1587, that Sir Erancis Drake's ordnance carried 
a longer range than the Spanish, and the Marquis of 
Santa Cruz by sea did send seven gallies to relieve the 
fort of Cascaes, notwithstanding never a one of the 
gallies did pursue Sir Erancis Drake, nor durst not, 
because he did overreach them with his shot. 

On the eve of his departure Perrot was enabled to 

* P. 17, No. 59. f P. 194, No. 78, i. 

Barrow's Life of Drake, p. 228. P. 401, No. 70. 


send the intelligence,* that the great Spanish Admiral 
the Marquis de Santa Cruz is dead. 

His death was a great disappointment to the King 
and to the officers serving in the Armada, which he had 
been appointed to command, for he was esteemed a 
good and brave officer. 

In the middle of April Sir Francis Drake destroyed a 
new ship of 1,200 tons burthen belonging to the Marquis 
de Santa Cruz, and a ship of 250 tons laden with wines 
for the King's provision, together with 31 ships more, 
which bred such a chagrin in the heart of the Marquis 
that he never enjoyed a good day after, but shortly died 
of extreme grief and sorrow, f 

Although Perrot's official connection with Ireland 
ceased on the 2nd of July, when he left Dublin and 
sailed for his Castle of Carew in Pembrokeshire, it may 
not be without some interest to note a few circum- 
stances relating to him after that event. 

"When the charge of high treason was preferred against 
him, he was at first confined in the Lord Treasurer 
Burghley's house. He wrote to Burghley from the 
Strand, relating his service during his government in 
Ireland, as the suppression of tanistry, and causing the 
land to descend according to the course of the common 
law, instead of the decrees of the Brehon laws, and 
prayed his Lordship to be a mean to Her Majesty to 
cast Her gracious eyes upon his afflicted mind, who 
never offended her in word or deed. { 

Prom Lord Burghley's house he was sent to the 
Tower; his impeachment was abetted by the Chancellor, 
Archbishop Loftus, whom he had disobliged by en- 

* P. 502, No. 32. f Barrow, p. 225. 

J Domestic Calendar of Elizabeth, 1590, Dec. 23, p. 705, No. 65. 


deavouring to appropriate the revenues of St. Patrick's 
Church* to the new intended University of Trinity 
College, Dublin. 

In minutes for a letter, dated March 12, 1591,f occurs 
the following notice : " Sir John Perrott, Sir Thomas 
" Williams, Sir Nicholas White, and Philip Williams are 
" sent to the Tower ; some accuse them deeply, others 
" ascribe it to the Lord Chancellor [Hatton], Sir John's 
" adversary." 

A special commission tried him in 1592, and he was 
found guilty and sent back to the Tower. His will is 
dated the 3rd of May 1592. 

On the 3rd of May 1592,J the Earl of Essex requests 
Burghley to write something that he may show the 
Queen in favour of Sir John Perrot, as Her Majesty is 
earnestly pressed to have sentence pronounced against 
him ; and on the 27th of May Sir Thomas Perrot 
wrote to Burghley, begging him to prevail with the 
Queen to stay judgment against his father. 

He was respited by the Queen, who was well persuaded 
of the injustice done to him; he subsequently fell ill 
and died a natural death in September of the same year, 
at the age of 65. 

* "His Lordship told me that he would have my church turned into 
a place for the temporal courts, and the prebends to the mainte- 
nance of an University." Loftus to Burghley, 1585, June 7, r p. 566, 
No. 11. 

f Calendar of Domestic Series, Elizabeth and James I., Addenda, p. 320, 
No. 7. 

J Domestic Calendar, Elizabeth, p. 218, No. 4. 

Domestic Calendar, Elizabeth, p. 223, No. 28. 


In conclusion, I have to thank those many friends 
whose continued interest in this Calendar has much 
cheered me in the arduous task. 


19th September 1877. 





Jan. 1. 1. Sir Henry Wallop to Burghley. The bearer, Richard Palfrey- 
Dublin, man, takes over the books of all Her Majesty's arrearages or debts 
to officers and soldiers. His account as Vice-Treasurer till Michael- 
mas, 1584. Want of treasure, pp. 2. 

Jan. 1. 2. Same to Walsyngham, for favourable countenance to the bearer, 
Dublin. Captain Thornton. To obtain payment of 200?. or 300?. to Captain 
Thornton, p. . 

[Jan. 1.] 3. Petition of Captain George Thornton to the Privy Council, for 
an estate for 41 years of 100 marks sterling of Her Majesty's lands. 
p. I. 

Jan. 2. 4. Auditor Thomas Jenyson to Walsyngham. Of a like tenour 
Dublin Castle. w ith his letter to Burghley of Dec. 31. p. 1. Incloses, 

4. i. Brief declaration of Her Majesty's debts from 24 May 
1560 to 30 Sept. 1585, collected upon two particular books, being 
Irish, 63,9772. 12s. Id pp. 5. 

5. Copy of the above declaration. Certified January 3. pp. 4. 

Jan. 2. 6. George Beverley, the victualler, to Burghley. Pleaseth it your 
Dublin. Lordship. By letters from the same dated tertio Novembris last 
past, it appeareth I have not perfectly set down unto your Lordship 
by my former letters unto certain days, the expenditure of the im- 
prests delivered unto my charge for victualling, and therefore have 
thought it my duty to signify unto your Lordship that on the 20th 
of February 1584-5, I received an imprest of 2,000?., and on the 
24th of September 1585, one other imprest of 2,000?. The numbers 
daily victualled in this realm are accounted 1,000 allowances. The 
defray for emptions, transportations, wages of bakers, brewers, and 
all charges in victualling esteemed at 20?. per diem. So as from 
the 20th of February 1584-5, unto the date of this letter, being 
316 days, the 4,000?. received supplieth no more but 200 days, and 
then is the whole number of soldiers at this day behind and un- 
3. A 


1S85/6. VOL ; c 

supplied of money to provide victual 116 days, which amounteth to 
2,320. ; in the which time I have borrowed of the Lord Deputy 
round sums of ready money to provide victuals, and of others I have 
taken up beeves and victuals on credit. So as now there is neither 
money nor means to be used by credit to supply them any further, 
but do humbly depend upon your Lordship's favourable help for an 
imprest towards the relief of the garrisons in this realm, who at 
this day do endure great want and scarcity of victuals. And so I 
humbly pray for the long continuance of your honourable Lordship's 
good health, p. %. 

Jan. 2. 7. G. Beverley to Walsyngham. Account of the imprests delivered 
Dublin. hi m for victualling, p. 1. 

Jan. 4. 8. Lord Deputy Perrot to the Privy Council. May it please your 
Dublin Castle, most honourable Lordships. Her Majesty's ship the Handmaid, 
under the charge of this bearer, George Thornton, being grown in 
time, into such decay as she lieth now upon her stock, wholly 
unserviceable, till she be repaired, and wanting sails, tackle, and 
all other habiliments, I think it meet your Lordships be adver- 
tised thereof. There be workmen set in hand with her, to make 
her ready against this bearer return, with all other things necessary 
for her, and indeed it is very requisite to have her afloat, or a better 
sailer in her place, the time considered. For it would be worth the 
charge, if it were for none other purpose but to cut off' such pirates 
as do haunt this coast. But specially of late there fell out such an 
accident as I was very sorry I had not this ship or a better in a 
readiness to answer the necessity of it, for the Earl of Arran was 
fled with the King's principal jewels in a fly boat of small account 
to a backside island, where he might easily have been apprehended. 
It may, therefore, please your Lordships to give order that this ship 
being repaired may be employed in some other services, and another 
of her sort and burden directed with this bearer in her place. The 
man is very honest, and by his long painful service here in marine 
aflkirs hath deserved well, both in former times, whereof I have 
heard a very good report of the best here, and also in my time 
having well discharged the trust I have committed unto him. Ac- 
cordingly, I humbly recommend him to your Lordships' good favours 
in any his reasonable requests, together with a motion that I have 
here agreed upon with him for a couple of gallies to be made 
very serviceable for the northern coasts, the form and model whereof, 
together with the necessary use of the same, I leave him to make 
show of unto your good Lordships, p. 1. 

Jan. 4. 9. Same to same. The reasons he has not complied with divers 

Dublin Castle, letters from Her Majesty and the Privy Council in the behalf of 

the Lord Roche, Pierce and Thomas Butler, Richard Sheeth, Hugh 

Gangagh [Ganco, a tenant of the Earl of Orniond], Owen O'Gor- 

meghan, and Walter Byrne. 

The matter contained in Her Majesty's letters in favour of the 
Lord Roche seems to be mistaken, for the considerations specified in 
her letters are not to be intended unto him, who had never a son 


1585/6. Vot ' CXXU - 

killed in the rebellion, but unto his father [David], who indeed was 
in his kind, a dutiful nobleman, and lost his children in the service 
of Her Majesty, as in the said letters is mentioned, whereas this man 
was never servitor against rebel that " I knewe " while I was 
President of Munster, he being then married to James Fitz 
Maurice's sister, at war with his own father, as commonly the 
eldest sons of the Lord Roche have ever accustomed to be ; and 
now in the last rebellion sworn to be a partaker with the Lord 
Barry, his brother-in-law, which he justified to his face before me 
the last Parliament ; and little service did he in the rebellion, as I 
learn, except that he killed some of his own enemies, more for 
private malice than any other respect ; and the Vice-President 
besides gives a hard report of his maintaining of evil men, even in 
this time. . . . He hath had two or three pardons since James 
Fitz Maurice's last rebellion. The odiousness of the act of Pierce 
and Thomas Butler, who murdered Thomas of the Mill on the high 
way, as he was coming to Perrot with his protection, and in com- 
pany of an officer, to tell that which some would not have to be 
known. Nevertheless, and notwithstanding they are indicted of 
this treason, yet according to your Lordships' request I will enlarge 
them ; and, upon further security, do mean to bestow Her Majesty's 
mercy upon them. And as for Richard Sheeth, in respect of a par- 
don he had a little before my coming, I have long since, upon such 
bonds as your Lordships willed me to take of him, enlarged him. 
Further, for Hugh Gangagh [Ganco], my Lord Grey [of Wilton], 

... can tell there and nothing is more notoriously known here, than 
that he hath been of long time a great maintainer of traitors, and a 
receptor of thefts, for the which he was fain to trust to the benefit 
of Her Majesty's pardon granted in the late Lords Justices' time 
thinking he had escaped well with his life, when the goods which 
he was flying away and was [were] most part the rebels' coloured 
by him, were so confiscated amongst the soldiers that hunted them 
out of his house, that it is not possible to recover 'the same again, 
if his honesty had deserved so much favour. For most of those 
captains and soldiers amongst whom it was divided are gone out of 
the realm. Only Mr. Stafford, that was then colonel of the com- 
pany, and had the Lord Grey's warrant for that he did, remaineth. 
But he being called before me and the Council at Gangagh's suit, 
before his going over into England, at which time he had as 
much help as in" justice we could give him, made him an offer, 
that if he would forego the benefit of his pardon lately before 
procured, he was content to remain himself in prison until he 
had satisfied him the uttermost penny that had been taken from 
him, if he proved him not a traitor, which indeed he might easily 
do, for it was then justified that he had confessed his treason to 
some of the Council. But that the father may be the better known 
by the education of the children ; may it please your Lordships to 
understand that his sons are notorious thieves, and I have one of 
them forthcoming at this time in this Castle. And another made 
an escape as he was to be brought unto me. The like report 
must I give of Owen O'Gormeghan, who when he took his voyage 

A 2 


1585/6. VOI..CXXII. 

into England was upon bond to appear at the next gaol delivery 
at Carlow to answer for relieving, in my time, of Cahir Oare 
[Kavanagh], a notorious traitor, slain about six weeks past ; and 
his sons be like unto Hugh Gangagh's, notable thieves and com- 
mon maintainers and receptors of thefts, as namely of part of Mr. 
Lovell's stud, amongst many others, which with a great deal moro 
of his goods were taken from him in spoil by the procurement of 
Piers Butler, nephew to the Earl of Ormond, at whose Lordship's 
suit I granted him Her Majesty's pardon. Howbeit they shall 
both have justice in those suits they have moved, and were by 
your Lordships referred unto me. 

Lastly, where your Lordships have written in. the favour of one 
Byrne, upon suggestion made by him there to Her Majesty that 
he was a soldier and wounded in Her Highness's service. Having 
referred the matter to the examination of certain commissioners. 
Two of them, to wit, Sir William Sarsfield and Thomas Lee, have 
certified that being a kerne, and following a prey with one Herbert, 
then sheriff of Kildare, as his bailiff, he received those mahems and 
hurts, having never been soldier, nor done one day's service to Her 
Majesty that himself can speak of. Nevertheless, if his hurts thus 
taken seem to your Lordships to have deserved any recompense, I 
shall be willing, upon intelligence, to perfect unto him such grant 
thereof as Her Majesty, or your Lordships shall assign. Having 
herein thus declared my knowledge, I rest in expectation of your 
Lordships' further pleasures, pp. 3. 

Jan. 4. 10. Wallop to Burghley, of 288?. 13s. due to Captain Thornton 
Dublin. upon his entertainment, p. . 

Jan. 4. 11. George Beverley to the Lord Deputy Perrot. I have perused 
the letters of the 22nd of December last written from Carrickfergus, 
by Mr. Stafford, whereby appeareth how much the soldiers there are 
distressed by the want of corn and all other victuals, for the which 
your Lordship blameth me, esteeming that the 2,000?. last received 
cannot yet be all spent. The truth is, that since the first I have not 
received any imprest for victualling before I was become indebted 
in all or the most part of the same for money, corn, and victuals 
taken up on credit, as is not unknown to your Lordship, in that jl 
remain at this day further indebted to the same than I shall be able 
to pay, in any convenient time. This misery which hath now 
happened to the soldier is the thing I always feared, when I saw 
your Lordship expected no money from England, until the accounts 
of this realm were finished. And as by my letters of the 20th of 
the last month I have made certificate to the Lord Treasurer, sub- 
scribed by the Auditor, of 13,400 and odd pounds defalked for 
victuals between the 10th of August 1583 and the last of September 
1585. And do account that my whole receipts is little above 
14,000?., which will be answered with a surplusage by the defalca- 
tions since Michaelmas last, so by letters written to his Lordship 
[Burghley] of the 2nd of this month I have again particularly 
declared that the whole garrisons of this realm are behind of im- 



prests for victuals the sum of 2,320?., for the which I have both of 
your Lordship and by other means stretched my credit to the utter- 
most, and have not at this time, neither victuals, money, credit, nor 
other means to relieve them, albeit I do daily receive letters from 
all the garrisoriTTm this realm, whereby I must confess their state i 
more miserable than can be endured. And therefore, with your 
Lordship's good favour, am most willing to be disburdened of this 
charge, as one most unwilling to be acquainted with the misery 
wherein the poor soldier of Ireland now liveth. p. 1. 

Jan. 4. 12. Copy of the above, p. 1. 

[Jan. 4.] 13. Petition of Maurice Roche, the Lord Roche and Fermoy, to 
the Lord Deputy for resolution touching his petitions, p. 1. 

Jan. 5. 1 4. Geoffrey Fenton to Burghley. His poor estate to be relieved 
by the grant of some competent reversion in England, p. 1. 

14. i. Reasons alleged by Mr. Fenton to move Her Majesty to 
yield to the granting of his suit. p. 1. 

Jan. 6. 15. Wallop to Walsyngham. Some of the soldiers at Carrick- 
Dublin. fergus have perished through want of victual and cold. They have 
had no corn these 24 days. The want of a summer provision has 
cost many a soldier his life, and put the Queen to great charge. 
The Irish soldier marches 24 miles through many waters up to the 
neck clad in rags. Villainous murder of Nicholas Walshe, the good 
Bishop of Ossory [17th Dec.] by James Dullerde. Donnel Spaniagh 
Kavanagh and Cahir Carrough his brother, of the sept of Arte Boy 
Kavanagh, have slain the said J. Dullerde. Wallop plants English 
and some Irish of the honestest sort at Enniscorthy, not only to 
inhabit a border that hath lain waste these many years, but also to 
exercise divers arts, whereby the rest of the country people shall 
be drawn to industry, and to change their idle course of life. His 
intention of breaking some rocks that encumber the river and 
making the Slane navigable for bearing ship plank, pipe staves, &c. 
Advertisement received from Mr. Francis Stafford, Governor of the 
forces at Carrickfergus, of a journey made upon Alexander M'Sorley 
M'Donnell into his own fastness, pp. 4. Incloses, 

15. i. Wallop to Burghley, the books by Palfreyman. Account. 
Want of money. Copy. pp. 2. 

15. ii. Brief declaration of the total of Her Majesty's debts from 
24 May 1560 to 30 Sept. 1585. p. 1. 

Jan. 6. 16. Note of debts to Irish suitors, p. 1. 

Jan. 7. 17. Collection or estimate of the soldier's entertainments in 

Ireland, how the same is disbursed, and what remaineth to himself. 

Jan. 7. 18. Palfrey man's bill for the victualling of soldiers in Ireland : 
Claret wine, 1 qt., 2%d. ; sack, 1 pt., 2^d. p. 1. 



Jan. 11. 19. Privy Seal for the payment of 10,000?. out of the Exchequer 

to Treasurer Wallop. Brabazon, Lineall and others to be paid in 

England. [Copy.'] p. 1. 

Jan. 11. 20. Note of monies to be paid out of the above warrant, p. 1. 

[Jan. 11.] 21. Petition of Capt. Anthony Brabazon to the Lord Treasurer, 
for payment of 1,204?. 9s. l-|c?. out of the treasure now assigned for 
Ireland, p. %. 

Jan. 11. 22. Mr. Robt. Petre's certificate as to the goodness of Thomas 
Davie's docquet of 42?. 9s. Id. p. %. 

Jan. 11. 23. Valentine Penson to Burghley. For payment of a remain to 
Mrs. Eliz. Barnes which was due to her former husband, Hercules 
Rainsford. p. 1. Incloses, 

23. i. Brief of the sums due to Elizabeth Barnes, being 854?. 
6s. 9d p. 1. 

Jan. 12. 24. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. Sir, it may please 
Dublin. you that I have received by the hands of William Androwe, the 
26th of November last, your two letters of the 20th and 21st of 
September, by the which it appeareth you have gotten to be General 
Farmer of certain ports, for the which I am most glad of, hoping it 
will grow to your great commodity and for Bristol men, as they 
think themselves to be fine, so being well looked unto they will yield 
I hope to all reason. 

I have before this advertised of the issue of my northern journey 
wherein I was much letted by reason of the extreme foul weather 
and great swelling of the waters, both which exceeded in this land 
this year, by the which there is like to be marvellous scarcity of 
corn, the same being already at 12s. the peck of wheat, yet is it evil 
and rotten by reason of the unseasonableness of the year ; and, sir, 
how can things prosper under my hands in the North, or elsewhere, 
if God of his great goodness did not help me, for here I lack no 
devices to hinder me, and I am neither answered with money or 
victual, and if I had not supplied some part of the wants myself 
you had or this heard of that which would not have liked you, 
marvelling almost how the soldiers can endure that they do. 

For the Scots, you shall find them Scots, and yet have they made 
a good entrance with the King, as by the copy of certain letters 
written to the Lord Boyd from his friends may appear, which I send 
you herewith, desiring to know what you will have done with the 
said Lord Boyd, who seemeth to be both wise and honest. And as 
I like not of some part of the letters written to him, so Her Majesty 
shall find, I believe, that either the Lords of Scotland will not agree 
together long, or else agree too well against us, and I neither like 
the imprisoning of the preachers in Scotland, or the furthering of, in 
Parliament, the Scottish papist bishops beyond seas. Surely I do 
what I may to yield all contentment to this people, who now 
generally say they love me once again* But I believe they will 



never be pleased to be governed until they be thoroughly mastered, 
whereof they were brought to some near point, yet I fear you there 
will lose all again, and suffer it to run out of your fingers. 

It is reported ki Kilkenny that Her Majesty (after great travail 
and much treasure spent in Munster) will give the young Earl of 
Desmond his father's lands, and that she will grant the wardship of 
the child to the Earl of Ormond. Of this policy I no way can skill ; 
it is likewise said that the Earl of Ormond shall have a new free- 
dom of all his demesne lands, if it be so, it is as evil as the last 
warrant, for his demesne lands is almost all the lands he hath, for 
the word demesne lands compriseth both all his tenements and lands 
that he may set or let, or that he hath common of. But if Her 
Majesty will grant him freedom of such demesne lands as he keepeth 
in his own manuring, the matter will be the more tolerable, other- 
wise his lands will be freeer than Her Majesty's, and the rest of the 
Lords and gentlemen of the realm. 

I hear by shipping that came from Portugal to Waterford that 
the Spanish King threateneth much, and, as they say, prepareth 
greatly to annoy England and Ireland, wherefore I wish Her 
Majesty to prepare for this land better than is done whosoever shall 
govern the same, and to trust more to her own forces here than to 
the people of this land, speak they never so fair, lest you say I 
would I had. Sir Cuconnaught Maguire is at this present with me 
here, and telleth me that the [Pope's] Bishop of Armagh, main- 
tained by O'Rourk, went this last summer to Scotland, and thence 
to France, and thence Spain, did assure him that Spaniards would 
land this spring, either in the West or in the North, or in both 
places, but he durst not deliver that matter to any other but to 
myself. It was that bishop which Brian M'Geoghegan told Captain 
[Nicholas] Dawtrey of. 

You shall receive a book from the Auditor of all Her Majesty's 
debts in this land, growing since the Earl of Sussex's first govern- 
ment to the last Michaelmas. But the general account I know not 
when it will be finished. I have done what I could to bring it 
forward, but there is somewhat that letteth the same ; I pray God 
that the greatness of this old debt be not laid to may charge, as I 
hear that I am charged that 57,000^. is paid since I was appointed 
Deputy, and yet I believe that a good deal more than the half thereof 
hath been defrayed there and here towards the paying of old debts 
growing before my government ; when you shall see the general 
account then will it appear, considering what hath been done in my 
time, how things have been husbanded, yea, so near have I gone 
as that I reap little thanks of many. 1 will not trouble you with 
any declaration of the surveys of Munster, the composition of 
Connaught, or the composition for Ulster, which is now in hand, 
nor yet write any more of the offers which the Pale men seem to 
make to me, as though they would now go about to please me for 
their former faults, but will forbear the same until Mr. Fenton's 
coming, who if he bring me news of my revocation shall glad me 
more. pp. 2. 


1585/6. VOL ' CXXIL 

Ja.n. 12. 25. Perrot to Walsyngham. Commends the bearer, Mr. Dennys, 
Dublin Castle, who has a mind to the Low Country service, p. . 

Jan. 12. 26. Three memoranda of Irish suitors and the amounts 
demanded, pp. 3. 

Jan. 12. 27. Note touching payments to Irish suitors, p. 1. 

Jan. 16. 28. The Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Burghley. The willing 

Dublin. forwardness of the bearer, Capt. Thornton, always ready at the 

first call faithfully to prosecute any service committed to him. 

Jan. 16. 29. Sir E. Waterhous to Walsyngham. Capt. Thornton's 20 years' 
Dublin. service for sea causes. 

Jan. 17. 30. Sir Thomas Pullyson to Burghley, for payment of 640?., lent 
London. to Wallop, 4 Aug. 1585. p. . 

Jan. 18. 31. The Council to the Privy Council, recommend the petitions of 
Dublin. the bearer, Capt. G. Thornton, p. 1. 

Jan. 19. 32. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham whom he honors above 
Dublin Castle, all others. His dealings with Mr. Carleill. If Perrot were to intrude 
himself into the Archbishop of Dublin's jurisdiction, he would soon 
inveigh against him as a disturber of his proceedings in his new 
pretended reformation. Perrot will be ready to give any warrantable 
strength and execution he may, to any process that on Doctor Vulpe's 
behalf shall come over upon his appeal there [to England]. Sir 
Morough NeDoe O'Flaherty, a wild savage man, unacquainted with 
any governor or government, would easily have been appalled if 
Perrot had proceeded roundly with him in the controversy with 
Roger O'Flaherty. The cause left to the management of Sir Richard 
Byngham, who will take such a way as will best agree with justice. 
Clayton's intemperate speeches of contempt to the Lord Deputy 
Perrot, at the Council Board. Roger O'Flaherty has taken the head 
of a notable woodkerne in Mayo. Sir Charles O'Carroll hath sent 
the head of the chief rebel of the O'Kennedies and others, out upon 
the murder of Sir John M'Coghlan's eldest son. pp. 2. 

Jan. 19. 33. Same to same. Peter Desmaistres and John Williams were 
Dublin Castle, much grieved at having to resign the woad matters. The Earl of 
Clancar has taken [Wm.] Barry who enticed away the young Lord 
of Valencia, pp. 2. 

Jan. 1 9. 34. Wallop to same. For consideration of the miserable estate of 
Dublin. the bearer the widow of Nicholas Walshe, the good Bishop of Ossory, 
the only man of his coat born in Ireland who was deeply learned 
and sincerely preached the Gospel, his life and conversation being 
also agreeable thereunto. He wholly addicted himself to study 
without taking care otherwise of the world. He died poor, leaving 
four infants of his own, and two of his sister's children. His widow 
an Englishwoman, p. f . 


1585/6. Vot ' CXXIL 

Jan. 20. 35. Wallop to Burghley. Cruel murder of the Bishop of Ossory, 

Dublin. an earnest preacher. His four infants and his sister's two. p. f . 

Jan. 20. 36. Note for payments to Irish suitors, p. 1. 

Jan. 22. 37. Dr. John Long, Archbishop of Armagh to Walsyngham. 

Dublin. The lamentable loss of this poor widow, whose husband the Bishop 

of Ossory was cruelly martyred in the due execution of his duty. 

Jan. 22. 38. Notes touching the commission for planting of Munster. 

Jan. 23. 39. Petition of Thomas Warre to Walsyngham, to obtain for him 
some relief from Her Majesty in consideration of 23 years' service 
in Ireland, p. 1. 

[Jan. 23.] 40. Petition of Thomas Warre to Walsyngham. For relief. His 
24 years' service, p. 1. 

Jan. 24. 41. Sir Lucas Dillon to same. This bearer, Mr. George Thornton, 
Dublin. repairing thither with commendation of the Lord Deputy and 
Council, I do presume in respect of my long continued acquaintance 
with him, and knowledge of his forwardness in Her Majesty's 
service, which he hath prosecuted with zealous affection and 
diligence to recommend him to your Honour's accustomed further- 
ance of such as be of good desert, assuring your Honour that 
beside his forwardness ' in this service which is subject to many 
casualties, his condition and honest behaviour hath won him grea,t 
goodwill and credit among the subjects here. p. \. 

Jan. 25. 42. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. Sir, it may please 
Dublin Castle, you, there was as you have heard a good towardness and disposition 
in those of the Pale and other parts of this realm, to have grown to 
some composition by Parliament, that should have j^een beneficial 
to Her Majesty in place of the cess ; upon the hopeful expectation 
thereof, I was content to put over till then any conclusion with 
them for Her Majesty's garrison (though I did not clean forget it, 
as I have formerly written to you) and to make but a mean one 
for my self towards the maintenance of this Her Majesty's household. 
When the time came there was working underhand as you have 
heard to disturb all ; and then three of the Lords of the Pale were 
procured to write to Her Majesty, making show of two causes of 
complaint to colour both their obstinacy and other men's. But 
that it may appear unto you what good cause they had so to do, 
and what account is to be made of their untrue suggestions, I refer 
you to understand by the letters hereinclosed to Her Majesty from 
four Lords (10 Dec. 1585). And of them, two retracting what they 
have before written against me, which I protest they did voluntarily 
coming of themselves unto me to accuse themselves and to pray me 
to remit that fault. I humbly pray you to prefer it to Her Majesty, 
that Her Highness may see now with what good reason she rejected 
both their letters and their agent that preferred the same. Some 


1585/6. ' CXXI1 - 

light reprehension will suffice to those two Lords of Slane and 
Howth sith they confess and repent their fault. But for the third 
(sic) of Louth, a rash young nobleman of very small haviour and 
less credit, I humbly pray you to procure warrant to this council in 
general to call him to the justification of that he hath written, 
which if he cannot do, then to abide such punishment as others by 
his example may know what it is to slander such as are put in 
trust with places of charge and credit, but Sir, I beseech you do not 
think I send this letter to the end you should stay my revocation, 
but to let you see how I am dealt withall. p. 1. 

Jan. 26. 43. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to the Privy Council. To license his 
son to resort to England to declare the present state of Ulster which 
is most doubtful and dangerous, p. , much damaged by mildew. 

Jan. 26. 44. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to Walsyngham. Sues for a license 
Newry. for his son to pass over and declare the perilous and dangerous state 
of the country, p. 1. 

Jan. 26. 45. Sir Richard Byngham to Walsyngham, in the behalf of 
Koscommon. Rowland Lynch, divinity student in Cambridge to be made Bishop 

of Kyllmac Cowghe alias Duacensis [Killmacduagh] near Galway. 

Francis Martin commended. [Copy certified by Edward Whyte.~\ 

Jan. 27. 46. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. Since the closing up of 
Dublin Castle, this despatch I received a letter from John'Myaghe, one that is 
second Justice of Munster, containing such advertisements as I 
think meet to let you know, leaving the value and consideration 
thereof to your wisdoms. He saith there arrived in the Haven of 
Cork, one Chalice [probably Captain John Challis] saying he comes 
from Arabia. But whencesoever he cometh, very rich they say he 
is, and one of the pieces of gold he hath brought was delivered unto 
me, and that is a Barbary ducket. And for news he giveth forth 
that King Philip doth prepare one of the greatest armies that ever 
he made, the most part to be landed this next spring in England, 
and 20,000 of them to be for Ireland ; all which he giveth report 
. that he is to advertise to Her Majesty and your Lordships. But 
whether he do so or no, I think it my duty to do it, leaving the 
likelihoods, respecting the greatness of the numbers specially for 
this realm, with all other circumstances to be considered of by your 
grave wisdoms, p. -|. 

Jan. 28. 47. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. We have 
Dublin Castle, forborn a long time to make any joint advertisement of the 
state of this realm to Her most Excellent Majesty or your Lord- 
ships, partly for that we have expected resolution thence to that 
we have heretofore written, specially in June last, but chiefly 
for that since there hath fallen out no great accidents worth the 
writing of, except the coming over of a few Scots with Alexander 
M'Sorley [Boy M'Donnell], and also a small jar that fell out 
betwixt the M'Sweenys in O'Donnell's country and the soldiers 
about their pay. Of both which I, the Deputy, have given notice 


1585/6. VOL - CXXIL 

thither by my particular letters. And albeit things carry still the 
outer face of an universal calm, and that we are accordingly certified 
not only by letters from the Vice-President of Munster, and Chief 
Commissioner of Qpnnaught, and others, of both those provinces ; 
but also by the reports of all the Justices of Assize returning now 
from their several circuits. Yet we upon divers observations cannot 
but doubt, and as duty requires forewarn such alteration as may 
ensue. Though we were all here of one nation and tied together 
with one consent in religion and duty, yet the universal ill disposi- 
tion of all the world abroad which hath drawn Her Majesty into an 
action of great consequence, would call us to these considerations, 
for that the well or ill doing of this state dependeth on that. But 
forasmuch as the Irishry here are naturally unconstant and desirous 
of change, as your Lordships well know, and that the good oppor- 
tunities and means of late devised to retain them in duty, are now 
overpast. We cannot but be persuaded they will use, as we see 
they already seek, and attend for all apt occasions of stirs that may 
continue to them their wonted scope of barbarous looseness and 
impunity, which they prefer before all lawful liberty, good govern- 
ment, and wealth in the world. Hereupon they hearken greedily, 
and give ready credit, and make great joy at any rumours blown 
hither, that sound to the touch of that state, whereof there want 
no bad instruments. And some I, the Deputy, have already taken, 
and have in this Castle, whereof one came Jately out of England, 
that gave it out that King Philip would invade there and here, 
before May-day next. The like it appeareth hath been practised 
to be done here not only out of Scotland but also out of France 
or Spain, whereof we know your Lordships have othewise heard. 
And Maguire being lately here, did, upon a conference had with 
him, confess unto me, the Deputy, that he understood there hath 
been such a matter in working, and that the pretended Bishop 
of Deny was the chief instrument therein, having travelled into 
France, Spain, and Scotland ; and being now again ^gone abroad 
with great assurances for the effecting of it. Herewith do agree 
sundry advertisements brought over by merchants of Waterford and 
other places, which have been written unto us by the mayors and 
others. And now within these six days John Myaghe, second 
Justice of Munster, wrote unto me, the Deputy, that one Challis 
coming thither with a very rich prize from Arabia, as he saith, [we 
take he meaneth Barbary, for a piece of the gold he hath was brought 
hither, and it is a Barbary ducket], gives it out that King Philip, 
with the greatest army that ever be made, is bound this spring to 
land in England. And that twenty thousand of his armies are 
to arrive in Ireland, which he doth report there ; he is to certify 
Her Majesty and your Lordships. Though the number specially for 
Ireland seemeth greater than may well be believed, yet we under 
correction do think the advertisement and the likelihood of some 
such thing proposed by that King to be considered of, and in time 
provided for, according to his known malice ; which we humbly leave 
to your grave wisdoms, who, we are well assured, do look carefully 


1585/6. VOL - CXXI1 - 

into these weighty causes, and have more certain intelligence of 
them than we have. 

Having thus presumed to let your Lordships know what we see 
and conceive of this state and people, we cannot but in discharge of 
our duties let your Lordships to understand how utterly unpro- 
vided we are to encounter any of these dangers if haply they should 
fall, as they are very likely. We have no better store of munition 
than may appear unto your Lordships, in the schedule herein closed. 
We have no money at all, nor credit to borrow any, having made 
all the shift we are able, and yet Her Majesty indebted at Michael- 
mas last, besides all grown due since, above seven and forty thousand 
pounds, as may appear to your Lordships by the auditor's books 
now sent. The Victualler hath no kind of corn left, nor means to 
provide any here (if he had money), it is so unreasonable dear, at a 
mark a peck the wheat, and other grain thereafter, and withall 
being very unseasonably inned, it is so very bad as it will scarce make 
any bread. Through these wants, the soldiers are grown so clean 
out of clothes and heart, as we have much ado, yea, even per force, 
to keep them in this land, and as many as can, do steal away. We 
most humbly, therefore, beseech your Lordships to think seriously 
of these things, and to consider that though there were no foreign 
practises and attempts at all, to be doubted, yet the Irishry, how 
tractable soever they may or do seem to be now, are not to be 
retained in any duty, if they see us without all means to suppress 
their licentiousness, and that, therefore, ye will give present order 
to have these wants redressed. First, to have that supply of muni- 
tion sent that is specified in the said note inclosed. Next, that we 
have not only a good round mass of money, to pay what is of late 
borrowed and to answer present charges, but also the sum of ten 
thousand pounds to lie here as a stock in readiness, not to be 
touched at all for any occasion, but only to answer a necessity of 
foreign invasion, whereof we promise and assure your Lordships 
hereby to have a special dutiful regard, hoping it shall remain in 
as great security here, as if it lay still in Her Majesty's Treasury. 
Thirdly, that some good proportion of corn may be provided and 
sent to Beverley, whether out of those counties in England where it 
was most seasonably inned, or out of Danske (Danish), or any other 
foreign parts as shall seem best to your Lordships, for, as we have 
before declared, here it is not by any means possible to be had. 

Lastly, we are humbly to renew a motion, that heretofore we have 
made in case of foreign invasion, for a number certain of men with 
their leaders, victuals, money, munition, and all other things neces- 
sary to be in a readiness, in the countries of Wales and the marches 
of the same, that lie readiest, to be transported upon all suddens ; 
wherein we humbly pray your Lordships to give such direction as 
they may come over upon our first call, for as your Lordships know 
and hath been heretofore said, dangers may grow in the time of 
sending to and fro. Moreover, we are humbly to pray that such 
special regard be had in the choice of their chief leaders, as they may 
not be men that will make a market of the service, but rather of sort 




Jan. 28. 
Jan. 28. 
Jan. 28. 

Jan. 30. 


Jan. 30. 


whom men will follow, and stick to, in respect of their haviour in 
their country, valour, and reputation, for such men being sent over 
in King Henry VIII.'s time, things well succeeded, and a number 
of good servitors were bred up. Having now remembered what we 
think convenient^* the land, we may not forget what is requisite 
for the sea. That some shipping may be appointed hither, which, 
if it do none other service, may be worthy entertainment for cutting 
off such pirates as do haunt this coast. 

Subscribed, by the Lord Deputy, Sir John Perrot; the Lord 
Chancellor, Archbishop of Dublin, Loftus, Dr. John Long, the Arch- 
bishop of Armagh, Thomas Jones Bishop of Meath, John Garvey, 
Bishop of Kilmore, Sir Henry Wallop, Sir Robert Dillon, Sir Lucas 
Dillon, Sir Edward Waterhous, Sir Thomas Le Strange, and Mr. 
Edward Brabazon. 

Indorsed, 28th January 1585-6. Lords. From the Lord 
Deputy and Council of Ireland. Entered, pp. 3. Indoses. 

47. I. Note of munitions remaining in the store of the Office, of 
the Ordnance in Ireland, pp. 3. 

48. Supply of munition demanded to be sent into Ireland. 
p. I. 

49. Note by Jacques Wingfield for a supply of munitions to be 
presently sent into Ireland, p. %. 

50. Jacques Wingfield's humble offer concerning necessary pro- 
visions to be made within the realm of Ireland to serve the garrisons 
placed in the provinces, p. 2. 

51. William Bowrk to Walsyngham. He is true towards his 
Prince. He reaps no commodity, though the Governor of Con- 
naught is his very good friend. The Lord Deputy has so many 
servants that no one else can get anything. Thinks of repairing to 
Court that Walsyngham may send him into Flanders. (He had 
been Walsyngham's man, and was made sheriff of 8ligo by Sir N. 
Malbie.) M' William Eighter's country lies now in the Queen's 
hands. Prays he may have a good share of it, or that his title may 
be lawfully accepted, pp. 1. 

52. Certain remembrances touching the realm of Ireland, declaring 
some special causes why the same is so burdenous to the Queen's 

First. That the revenues, royalties, and profits of that realm have 
been committed to the setting, letting and ordering of the Deputies 
and Justices there for the times being, who taking their several 
opportunities have not only and absolutely advanced, as it were, a 
propriety unto themselves, and to give away to their friends, the 
profits of all manner of casualties, as fines, recognizances, forfeitures, 
wards, and marriages, all which till of late years were answered 
into Her exchequer ; but also let and set the lands under the values 
and surveys of the same, whereby the revenues are very much 
decreased, these causes and the bestowing of the offices of Her 



revenues to men not trained in the same always hath so occupied 
them as they have had very small time left to spend upon other 
weighty affairs of the realm. 

Item, In that the Barons of the Exchequer, and other principal 
officers for the advancement, maintenance, and preserving of Her 
possessions and revenues are of that country birth, and albeit they 
be learned and wise men, yet are they generally allied by marriages 
and kindred with such as either detain Her hereditaments and rents, 
or with inferior ministers, abusing, or by want of knowledge not 
using their offices, as in effect none of Her causes can take any deter- 
mination, but from time to time let suffered to slip and depend 
uncalled upon, whereby great arrearages and debts grow and become 
desperate, and so doth it bring many suits to Her Highness for 
remissions many times, with unjust surmises of lands wasted, whereof 
good commodities were made, and for a few in respect that have 
been wasted the whole has been remitted even unto such as have pro- 
cured their own losses for the maintenance of the enemies, and have 
obtained not only remission of their rents, but also further favours 
and grants in reversion of Her possessions in the holdings and tenures 
of divers the English good servitors, and so the greatest and most 
part of the ancient inheritance and abbey lands are come into the 
possession of those of that nation ; leaving no hope of reward to 
such of the English as may be put to service there. These chief 
officers be also of the Privy Council, and so continually employed in 
the affairs of the realm, whereunto and namely to the martial affairs, 
which by those means are so laid open and disclosed, as hardly any 
exploit or policy can take convenient effect ; in former times they 
were not called ; that they have no leisure or good opportunity left 
to follow the advancement of justice and Her causes pertinent to 
their functions. 

Item, That the profits and casualties growing upon the sheriff's 
accounts, and such like ministers, are divided amongst the Barons of 
the Exchequer, and other ministers and clerks there, by warrants 
called mandamus, whereunto your Deputies, as should seem, have 
not been privy, allowances of late time devised without warrant or 
former precedents, whereby in effect one of 20 parts of the same 
profits is not answered into the receipt of the Exchequer there. 

Item, In that the chief officers of the Exchequer and other Courts 
of Pleas, have had small regard to the maintenance of the dignities 
of those Courts, but rather have suffered them to run in contempt, 
whereby the writs and processes out of the same are not obeyed, 
namely, by the cities and corporate towns which have return of 
writs and challenge to themselves under colour of their old 
charters, confirmed by Her Majesty with these words, quantum in 
nobis est, and these words, Eo quod expressa tnentio sit de vero 
valore annuo et de certitudine premissorum, &c., all the amercia- 
ments, fines, issues, bonds, recognizances, and such like taken, 
coming or growing from any of the said courts, be it for what cause 
soever. This being thought very prejudicial to the royal prerogative 
of the Crown is let pass and suffered to the overthrow of Her Courts 



that have been the only maintenance of justice, and good civil order 
now of very small account (except it be in the Chancery). 

Item, The revenues of the lands there being in respect of so 
great possessions, very small and diminished divers ways by the 
occasions aforesaT!, the same are nevertheless burdened with increase 
of many new officers' fees and allowances, heretofore neither used 
or taken, many of these charges passeth away in reckonings of the 
revenues without knowledge of the Deputy, by the authority of 
especial commission directed to certain of the Council there, by 
whom also groweth a new burden, every of them taking for their 
pains and attendance in the time of the declaration of the said 
accounts large diets by the day, so as though none in effect hath 
due care of the levying of the revenues, yet every one having any 
pretence shareth out the allowances grounded upon his own device, 
and so maketh a yearly precedent to continue in perpetuity, and 
hereby little or no reckoning is to be made of the said revenues 
towards the defray of the Deputy, and the martial affairs depending 
upon the treasure from England. 

Item, By the grants made to the Irishmen upon surrender 
yielded to Her Highness many times of other men's lands, specially 
of Her own territories by them usurped and detained, and albeit 
the deputies have thereupon reserved some small rents and other 
duties, yet is it very seldom that any of the same be answered by 
reason these grants have not been certified into the Exchequer or to 
the Auditor, whereby the same might be put in charge, called for, 
and answered as appertaineth. 

Item, In that there hath of ancient time been a certain number of 
footmen of that nation called galloglas, which had lands appointed 
them to inhabit, and to be always ready to serve the Crown, as they 
have well and truly done, for stipends called bonnaughts, which 
were borne out of certain Irishmen's countries, without charge to 
Her Highness. The same galloglass are now discharged with the 
said bonuaughts by way of composition, made as well with the said 
galloglas as with those countries that bore them, making a show 
that by those compositions there should have been a yearly revenue 
of 1,0001., and more advanced, which hath never been gathered or 
answered, whereby not only the service of galloglas and their bon- 
naughts are discontinued and lost. But also a new charge raised 
and paid out of Her coffers of 200?. or 300?. yearly to the captains 
of those galloglas in recompense of their service done, and that they 
were agreed withal in that respect. 

Item, There hath been divers suits made unto Her Majesty for 
offices of seneschalships and governments of divers countries, lord- 
ships, and territories which have been granted without reservations 
of the services and duties formerly answered out of the same, and so 
more will be if better order be not taken. 

Item, There was an extraordinary increase of men in the last 
rebellions, put into divers fortresses and castles, for the better 
security of the same, which increase as it seemeth being meant only 
for the time of troubles, and so to cease and be at no further charge 


1585/6. V l - CXXI1 ' 

than formerly had been, is nevertheless now still continued, and that 
with perpetuities by Letters P.itent under the Greal Seal of that 
realm by these words, quamdiu se bene gesserit. 

Item, In that Her Majesty receiveth Her revenues of that realm 
in a rate of Irish money, and nevertheless payeth all charges in ster- 
ling moneys of England, whereby there is lost a fourth part in the 
said revenues yearly, at the least amounting to 2,OOOZ. All others 
generally in every country there, receiving and reckoning after the 
computation of England. 

And lastly, the opinion is for these surveys of the attainted 
lands in Munster and elsewhere in that realm now made, that in 
case the letting and ordering of the same be committed to the 
Deputies, and be put over into the Exchequer as the course is now 
used then shall both the lands and also the revenues thereof, or the 
most part, namely, the rents and services be never called for and in 
the end lost, as great portions of your Highness's other possessions 
have been. 

Indorsed: 30 January 1585-6. Certain remembrances touching 
Ireland, without, &c., [and in Burghley's hand :] Dely vered by hir 
Majesty to the Lord Tresorer, to be by Instruction of secretary 
Fenton sent to the Lord Depute and Counsell in Irland. pp. 4. 

Jan. 30. 53. Supply of munition remaining in store, p. 1. 

Jan. 31. 54. Lords of the Council to Sir Valentine Browne and others, ap- 
Greenwich. pointed commissioners for treating with gentlemen disposed to repair 
into Ireland. Sent by the bearer, Alexander Kinge, gent. Her 
Majesty's offer in what sort She will be content to grant the at- 
tainted lands, with the conditions to be propounded to the patentees. 
Copy. p. 1. 

Jan. [31.] 55. The Plat for a parish in Ireland. (A large sheet}, p. 1. 

Jan. [31.] 56. An order for planting of habitations in Munster, and for 
divisions of market towns, parishes, and limits, pp. 3. 

Jan. [31.] 57. Notes touching the habitations to be settled in Munster. p. 1. 

Jan. [31.] 58. Note of the charge of those who shall inhabit Ireland. 
Wages to 6 hynes 53s/t. 4d. apiece, 2 boys and 4 women 33s/i. 4sd. 
apiece, pp. 3. 

Jan. 31. 59. Lord Deputy Perrot to the Privy Council. Although I and 
Dublin Castle, this Council have now by our joint letters truly declared unto 
you the doubtful state of things here, and the causes, both foreign 
and domestical, whereupon we gather it, and withal have shown 
our extreme wants, and what supplies we desire, yet understand- 
ing thence, (but not from your Lordships, for I have had no kind 
of advertisement, answer, or resolution from the same this twelve 
months), that there is a great preparation made by the Spanish 
King against this realm, and that your Lordships have intelligence 
thereof, I cannot, but as one whose chief charge and care it is, 
importune your Lordships to cast your eyes more carefully this 
way, humbly praying you to consider what case we are in to try 


1585/6. VOL.CXXII. 

with a most mighty Prince whether this realm shall be still Her 
Majesty's or his. If there be any such matter as your Lordships 
know best, then I beseech your Lordships think whether it be more 
safety to say, that we have sent provision to encounter the danger, 
or else we will^?nd, when perhaps it will be too late ; and withal 
for mine own discharge, I say, if I shall tany it, and have nothing 
wherewith, I have but a life to yield for Her Majesty and my 
country, for the loss whereof I grieve not, but rather for the 
harm, thab through defects I fear may come to Her Majesty and 
, State, and the shame I shall leave behind me. This foreign pre- 
paration (if there be any such thing), is likely to be bent against 
Munster, to seize upon or spoil the cities and towns of the same, 
which in truth are very weak. If I shall go thither, what for the 
late wars, and this last bad season, there is not so much to be 
had there, as will maintain that one band of 100 that is under 
Mr. Thomas Norreys, the Vice-President there, but that I am en- 
forced to shift them from town to town, who by reason of their 
extreme penury do receive them with great grief and grudge ; 
and though I had men sufficient to encounter any that should 
come, yet for want of victuals, I should be driven to abandon 
the place with danger and shame, where they that are to come 
over are like to bring their provision with them, and to settle 
it in some town, that they will soon seize upon for that purpose, 
whereof what may ensue amongst this unconstant people, naturally 
delighting in change, your Lordships may soon gather. 

Besides this that I have said, of the bare estate of Munster, 
where there is not so much to be had as will serve for mine own 
family, or yet to feed my horses till grass do grow, I refer you to 
understand, not only the same more fully, but also the great 
wants of the rest of the realm, by the declaration here inclosed, 
which as Beverley the victualler maketh it, so I know it to be true. 
And, therefore, I most humbly beseech your Lordships to give 
speedy order, that such a staple of victuals may be provided and 
sent over, as your Lordships shall think requisite, to serve as well 
for the numbers that are here already, as also for those that are to 
be sent over to encounter such an accident, as may fall out. And 
herein I would wish your Lordships to consider the winds and 
weather, how untowardly they have framed this year, for as some* 
have lien at Chester nine weeks to come over hither, so hath there 
been no passage hence these six weeks. Moreover, if there be 
such purposes in hand, it were good some shipping were despatched 
for the guard of the coasts. And to these and all other difficulties 
may I, with your Lordships' favour, add one more to be considered 
of: How weakly I am seconded, if need fall out by these foreign 
attempts, whereof I would say little for any home cause. The 
Marshal [Bagenall] is old and not able either to ride or go. 
The Master of the Ordnance [Jaques Wingfelde] is absent and 
old,* and I wish there were a more sufficient man in his place. 

* Wingfield had been in England four years. 
3. B 


1585/6. VOL - CXXIL 

The Lord President and Sir William Stanley, who are men of good 
conduct, are drawn away ; Sir Henry Harrington, Mr, Edward 
Barkley, and Seneschal N. Dawtrey are suffered to remain still there. 
* But I humbly pray they may be speeded away, together with all 
others that are servitors by any manner of pay here. And so having 
herein discharged my duty, I humbly end. pp. 2. Incloses, 

59. i. George Beverley to the Lord Deputy Perrot. Pleaseth it 
your Lordship, I have received the letters from the same of the 
28th of this month, whereby your Lordship requireth me forthwith 
to set down a proportion for the victualling of 3,000 men in 
funster for six months, which number your Lordship may have 
occasion to employ for Her Majesty's service, and how soon I can 
be ready with the same proportion as the time serveth. Lastly, if 
I shall prefer any impediment by the want of money, then wliat 
time I would take to provide the same if money were procured 
for the same provisions. Wherein, albeit, I have the 4<th of this 
month made certificate unto your Lordship of the estate of the 
victualling, yet herewith I have again thought it my duty to signify 
that Munster is destitute both of corn, beef, and all other victual 
for men and horses, by reason it remaineth still waste and un- 
peopled, and the little corn which they had planted by digging and 
other shifts in tillage is destroyed by the late unseasonable harvest, 
so as with great difficulty by shifting from town to town the 
hundred footmen serving under Captain Norreys [Vice-President 
of Munster, Thomas Norreys'], hath been relieved. But at this day, 
by letters from thence, it appeareth they are utterly destitute. 

The North is no better stored with corn, and the 'paale' hath 
been so sharply visited with the late unseasonable harvest, as it 
is certain they rather want seed for their ground, than have any 
corn either to eat or sell for man or horse. Therefore, with your 
Lordship's favour, neither with money nor without money, dare 
I take upon me to furnish any such proportion, but do account 
that for such forces as your Lordship shall advance towards Mun- 
ster, there must a proportion of corn, butter, and cheese be pro- 
vided and sent from Bristol ; and for such part of the same as 
shall be provided and sent into Munster, I am of opinion their 
scarcity is so great as it may be sold there for good gain, if 
Her Majesty shall not have occasion to employ the same otherwise. 
The soldiers at the forts and garrisons serving northwards are 
to be relieved from, Chester, who for any shift I can make, do en- 
dure great want and scarcity of victuals, which groweth chiefly by 
reason that provision is not made and laid up for them in the 
summer time, but are constrained to provide and send the same 
wi wmter, where it meeteth with tempests, strange and contrary 
winds. 1585-6. January 29. Drogheda. p.~\. 

59. II. A proportion for the victualling of 3,000 footmen for six 
months with wheat and 'malt, London measure, and with butter and 
cheese for two days in the week, viz., ^uheat after one bushel a man 
per mensem, 2,250 quarters. Barley malt after one bushel one peck 
a man per mensem, 2,808 quarters. Butter after half a pound a 


1585/6. - CXXIL 

man per diem, 54,000 Ibs. weight. Cheese, after one pound a man 
per diem r 108,000 Ibs. weight. Hop*, after the rate, of eight pounds 
to the tun of garrison beer, 10,080 Ibs. weight, p. . 

60. Notes for Inland to be considered upon, [written] by Secretary 
Fenton. 1. What report shall I carry to the Lord Deputy touching 
the repeopling of Munster, and in what points his Lordship's opinion 
is to be had touching that business ? 

2. Whether the Lord Deputy shall use a small bark or two of 
Ireland, to run up to Spain and Portugal for intelligence and 
discovery ? 

3. In case no good composition may be made with Angus 
M'Donnell whereby Her Majesty may be assured of him, whether 
in that case the Lord Deputy may treat with M'Aleane [Archibald 
Campbell, seventh Earl of Argyle] to draw a faction between them 
and give him notice of Her Majesty's pension pretended to him, &c. ? 

4. Whether any of the kerne in Ireland shall be sent into Flanders. 
How many, under whose leading, and to what place they shall 
be addressed ? 

5. A letter to the Lord Deputy and Council, to consider how 
the residue of the escheated lands, not as yet surveyed in Munster 
and elsewhere, may be surveyed with speed, and apt commissioners 
assigned thereunto. And that the Burkes' lands in Lower Muskerry 
may be specially enquired upon by the said commissioners ? 

6. If any probable suspicion shall fall out against the Earl of 
Kildare or Baron of Delvin, or either of them, whether the Lord 
Deputy shall send them into England, or what other course he shall 
hold with them in that case ? 

7. That the Master of the Ordnance, and all others being members 
of the service in Ireland, may be commanded to depart with the 
Secretary, or at least not suffered to linger here long after him. 
And that the proportion of munition now to be sent thither may 
be expedited. 

8. It may please your Lordships to bestow your letters recom- 
mendatory in my behalf to the Lord Deputy, signifying the diligence 
I have used here in my negociation, with the good offices I have 
done to his Lordship in particular, and that I may be hereafter 
favoured and countenanced in mine office, as the place requireth. 
Lastly, when the late Bishop of Meath was found indebted to Her 
Majesty in 140?., or thereabouts, which without Her Majesty's 
remission is like to fall upon his poor wife and children. That in 
consideration the Bishop was an ancient faithful councillor, of good 
desert for service, and very liberal in hospitality, which was the 
chiefest cause that he became poor. That his Lordship (Perrot) and 
the Council would remit the debt being no greater, by way of 
concordatum as hath been used in other like cases, so as his said 
wife and children may be acquitted thereof and not driven to any 
further suit. 

9. If there be any appearance of foreign invasion, whether the 
Lord Deputy shall take to Her Majesty's use the Castle of Beare 
Haven and put a ward therein, giving to O'Sullivan some good 
conditions for the time. 

B 2 






10. John Shereff to be sent back into Ireland to answer such 
accounts as are to be demanded of him. p. 2. 

61. Queries touching the election of Knights and Burgesses for the 
Parliament of Ireland. If the freeholders of shires do elect, for 
Knights to the Parliament, such persons as are not resident within 
the counties for which they are elected, when the writ to summon 
the Parliament beareth date, or if the inhabitants of cities or 
boroughs do choose for Citizens and Burgesses to the Parliament, 
such persons as are neither freemen of the said cities or boroughs 
nor resident or dwelling in them. And if the sheriffs of the counties 
and the head officers of the cities and boroughs, do return the persons 
so chosen to the Lord Chancellor who certifieth accordingly to the 
Lower House, whether before the choice of a Speaker, or after 
and before any bill read, the Lower House upon information or 
knowledge thereof may not remove them ? 

If the sheriffs of shires and head officers of cities and boroughs 
do return for Knights and Burgesses to the Parliament, such persons 
as were not elected by the freeholders nor inhabitants of the towns, 
nor are resident in them, whether the Lower House, upon knowledge 
thereof may not lay that exception against them so returned, and 
remove them ? 

Whether Knights to the Parliament being returned from places 
that some time were shire ground, and time out of mind hath had 
no sheriff, nor the King's writ current there, and whether Bur- 
gesses being returned from old boroughs, now and of long time waste 
and void of inhabitants, may be removed from the Parliament by 
the Lower House or not ? 

And whether if such persons be returned by the sheriffs or other 
head officers, and the allowance of the Lord Chancellor doth not 
so enable them as they may not be removed upon those exceptions, 
or whether they being effectual, the Lower House are competent 
persons or judges to move or determine these points ? p. f . 

Feb. 4. 62. Oliver Plunket, fourth Baron of Louth, to Burghley. Relates 
Tallonstown. how the Lord Deputy threatened him with disfavour and disgrace 
to compel him to subscribe a revocation of a former joint letter 
against cess. pp. 2. 

Feb. 4. 


63. Same to Walsyngham. It may please your Honour. I have 
certainly learned that whereas in a late joint letter sent to Her 
Majesty from three of us, the temporal Lords, Slane, Howth, and 
myself, we complained against my Lord Deputy as well for his 
intention to burden this poor country with cess, as also for his dis- 
favour and discountenance showed towards us for withstanding the 
repeal of Poyning's Act, in the first session of Parliament. His 
Lordship hath now lately by sinister means (to wit, by terrible 
threats) procured two of us to subscribe a recantation of that former 
letter, for which purpose also his Lordship sent for me, and when 
by entreaties he could not move me to do the same, against 
my conscience, knowing the former letter to contain truth ; (the 
recantation whereof should but confirm the opinion of rashness to 
my utter discredit) whereof he hath most deeply accused me. His 



Lordship began to threaten that both here and in England he would 
seek my disgrace and utter undoing ; which thing as here already 
he hath attempted, both by many bad speeches and reproachful 
terms used ofteai^mes against me, and by causing a serjeant-at-arms 
without cause to arrest me attending on his Lordship, at the last 
prorogation of Parliament at Tredathe [Drogheda], so I am likewise 
informed ; that not content herewith he laboureth also with your 
Honor to work my discredit there ; to whom as he himself hath 
reported he hath written both that direction may come from thence 
for my open punishment, for the letter we presumed to send to Her 
Highness. And in hatred of my person (which justly never offended 
his Lordship) he hath termed me a rash young man of very small 
haviour and less credit, I beseech your Honor to pardon my boldness 
in justifying the thing I have done, and in the modest and dutiful 
defence of myself against his Lordship's malicious information. The 
letter which we three Lords did formerly write unto Her Highness, 
contained nothing but a truth, the contents whereof I undertake 
hereby to justify, either here, before indifferent commissioners ; or 
there, before the board against Sir John Perrot. My Lord Deputy 
in truth dealt very wisely for himself, which first procured a liberal 
composition for his own house, and after began to urge the other 
for Her Majesty, wherein finding ourselves grieved, as not able to 
endure the intolerable burden of both, and wishing rather our 
abilities were extended to the lessening of Her Highness' charges 
or maintaining the rnagnificency of the state in hospitality (wherein 
how miserably his Lordship doth pinch I refer it to the general 
report of the world) than to the feeding of his wonderful insatiety, 
we had no refuge but to advertise Her Majesty and to refer all to 
Her good pleasure, whose honourable and most gracious answer 
signified by the Lord Treasurer hath both greatly comforted us ; and 
for ever bound us to pray for the continuance of Her Highness' most 
happy reign over us. Touching myself whom his Lordship by 
unseemly terms hath sought to disgrace, I would "write nothing 
if my government and behaviour were known unto your Honour, 
but being a stranger unto you, I beseech you pardon me to say thus 
much that upon advised conference and j ust occasion we wrote the 
former letter to Her Majesty, whereby we know we have prevented 
many and great abuses. The manner of my government and 
behaviour I refer to the report of this council and state, not 
doubting but the same will countervail the information of my Lord 
Deputy made against me, only this I must say in my purgation of 
that crime of rashness objected against me, that had I at his Lord- 
ship's intreaty abandoned the justifying of that which maturely 
and upon good and deliberate consideration I did affirm to be true, 
I needed not more than others of my coat (which howsoever this 
last letter hath been extorted from them, differ not in opinion from 
me, as it shall most manifestly appear unto your Honor, whensoever 
they be free and secure from the injuries of his malice) stand in 
danger of those inconveniences which if your Honors and the rest's 
good and just favour do not protect me, my Lord Deputy's dis- 
pleasure and indignation may procure and work unto me. As for 


1585/6. VOL ' C!XXIL 

my credit which his Lordship seeketh chiefly to impair, I may not 
therein yield ; I dare be bold to avouch it is altogether as good in 
my country as Sir John Perrot's is in Wales ; I confess my wealth 
is not so great as his (which maketh him in truth to despise all 
men without measure) yet have I a contented (sic} portion for a 
nobleman (having not lewdly impaired the patrimony my ancestors 
left me) which as generally all the nobility [of this kingdom] had 
their first creation rather in respect of the numbers of men they 
might command than greatness of revenues they dispended, and 
although I write it of myself, I both do and will stand Her Majesty 
in as good stead in my country as any of mine enemies how rich 
soever he be ; so craving pardon for this my boldness I humbly take 
leave, pp. 2. 

Feb. 5. 64. Sir Richard Byngham to Walsyngham. May it please your 
Galway. Honor, having so convenient a messenger as this bearer, Mr. Robert 
Fowle, I could not but (as in duty I stand bound) make mine 
humble service commended to your Honor in these few lines. The 
state of this province standeth generally (God be thanked) upon 
good terms. Some few bad members, which of late did after a sort 
annoy the quiet here, are cut off, and some others of the best sort 
and most to be doubted, whose liberty might open way to many 
bad actions, are detained in durance for the security of the rest, 
whereof and of all other actions and accidents here, this gentleman 
may in particular deliver your Honor the certainty. The compo- 
sition rent lastly agreed upon, will be for this first year, by that 
time all is come in that will be gotten, about 2,000^., which is 
gathered with great difficulty and trouble, by reason that one man 
is appointed for the whole collection, which indeed requireth many 
collectors for the smooth and seasonable bringing in of the same. 
If I may get a commission to examine and go through again with 
the books of this composition, I hope I will draw it to a more 
certainty than it is, nothing diminishing it, and yet reducing it to 
such an order as shall tend to the great contentment of the country, 
and the ease of Her Majesty's officers. 

Her Highness' ancient revenue rent, which hath heretofore been 
either concealed or detained in arrear, 1 have by search and travail 
found out, and have made a collection of all the rents and arrearages 
due since my time, in such sort, as the like has never been before, 
and so as Her Majesty shall now lose no part of it. This and the 
composition rent, is all that we have here to discharge the entertain- 
ments of this province. For the impost of Galway this last year 
was not past 120Z., whereof a great part was allowed to noblemen and 
others ; and this year it hath not yet been anything worth, for 
there came no wine hither. 

The composition the last year was gathered to the sum of 1,300?. 
or thereabouts. And this year we have had some help by money 
of the fines and casualties. 

I understand from thence, that letters are come over for the 
laying of Ballimote and the Boyle, to the government here, and the 
reasons that were alleged to induce the Lords there to it, were that 


1585/6. VOL ' CXXIL 

there belonged certain waste land to it, and the houses were great 
and fit for the governor to keep and inhabit. However it is, I am 
sure it hath been chargeable to me. And I know this to be nothing 
else but a colour of my Lord Deputy, to keep the house of Athlone, 
which is worth tc^lm yearly 300. and out of my way above 400Z. 
besides the disgrace that I receive in wanting that house, which my 
Lord Deputy 1 think is desirous I should live in. And* there are 
divers in this province which stick not as I judge to solicit their 
friends in England to that end, and all to keep me so short as I should 
not be able to hold out in the government here, whereof I humbly 
beseech your Honour to conceive according to your wonted and 
honourable favour. And even so with mine humble duty and 
service to your Honor and my good lady, and to my lady and 
mistress, (mistress Blanche ?) I humbly take leave. Such land as 
the land of the Boyle and Ballimote is, which is all waste land, I can 
have a thousand acres and a thousand if I will for nothing, and 
therefore it may please your Honor to think that Ballimote and 
the Boyle will be nothing worth to me in effect. Indorsed. 
"Entered." p. 1J. 

64. I. For that I would gladly lay open to your Honor my 
whole mind touching the house of Athlone, the Boyle and Balli- 
mote, I have enclosed this paper within your Honor's letter, which 
I humbly beseech you to peruse. The only keeping of Ballimote 
with such ward in it as of necessity I am forced unto, hath cost 
me a hundred pound since I have recovered it from the 
M'DonnogJioesse. Both that and the Boyle is laid under the 
new and last established composition, and doth pay to Her Majesty 
ten shillings upon a quarter of land, besides the rent reserved to 
Her Majesty before, which on the Boyle is 151. per annum. The 
account which my Lord Deputy maketh of those two houses with 
their waste lands, is nothing else but a show and flourish that he 
presenteth to your Honors [of the Privy Council], whom he would 
bear in hand by annexing those two houses to this Government, to 
increase a great benefit to the same, countervailing the commodity of 
the house of Athlone, which is indeed no benefit at all, for the one is 
waste land not of any account, and the other, viz., Athlone, is a house, 
or rather a grange for my Lord, worth him better than 3001. per 
annum, besides the benefit of the ward which standeth Her Majesty 
yearly in 2001 And the same is out of my way, of that it would 
be worth to be a resident house for me, 5001., besides the great dis- 
grace which I receive i/n wanting of it. Yet this is not the 
worst, for if r my Lord could be contented to have the benefit of it 
during his own time, it should Indeed some hope in me to have 
it at the last, but his covetous desire extendeth fartlier, for his 
drift is, when he shall depart hence, to leave it to the Treasurer 
[ Wallop], for some piece of money, from whom he had the same, 
for the said Treasurer had a lease of it past in this land, befm*e 
my Lord Deputy's coming over. Mr. Treasurer is a doer in this 
matter for his own benefit, as your Honor may gather ; and Sir 
Edward Waterhous is the like, in favour of his kinsman John 
Norton, now vice-constable of the said castle. Thus they all join 


1585/6. VOL - CXXIL 

together to take from me the said house during my time, and 1 
think, to take it from the Government here for ever. I am bold to 
acquaint your Honor with these their devices, wherein I humbly 
crave pardon. I do marvel ivhere they will bestow the chief officer of 
this province the next year, when Mr. Malbie cometh to his lands, 
and shall resume and take to him Roscommon. The Boyle hath 
no house, stick, nor stone standing (to any stead), and the land is 
all waste. If Athlone be taken away, there is then no house for 
the Governor here but Ballimote, which I won myself, and have 
kept it still hitherunto, to my great charges, and was never allowed 
one penny by my Lord Deputy in consideration thereof. And 
although it may be a house for the chief officer to rest in for a month 
or the like time, when he shall have occasion to repair thither, to the 
frontiers of the province, yet all the world knoweth it is no place 
to keep house in continually, as well for the want of many com- 
modities which ought to belong to a house, as also for that it is 
too far remote out of the heart of the province. Indorsed : A note 
of Sir Richard Byngham's. pp.1%. {The asterisk in Byngham's 
above letter is put to mark the place where this note might 
come in.} 

[Feb. 5.] 65. Reasons why it is more fit that the castle of Athlone should 
be in the custody and government of the Chief Commissioner of 
Connaught, rather than in the disposition of the Lord Deputy. 

First. That it is the chiefest key of the said province of Con- 
naught and nearer to Dublin, where the Lord Deputy keepeth 
resident, than any other part of that province, whereby advertise- 
ments may pass sooner and more safely to arid fro. 

Secondly. That the castle is conveniently furnished with buildings 
and other necessaries fit for the said Commissioner, but far too mean 
for the Lord Deputy and the train that must follow the state. 

Thirdly. That as it is or remaining with any other the town will 
decay (as it now doth), the inhabitants making their repair to other 
habitations, and being annexed to Connaught the town will daily 
increase, being a place of importance, and to be maintained. 

Fourthly. Thereby the lands adjoining to the river will be in- 
habited when they shall be sure of continual residence at Athlone 
by the said Commissioner. 

Fifthly. It will be a great stay to the bad borders of the English 
Pale, as Leix and Offaly, the Annaly, and all other parts thereunto 

Sixthly. That being now slenderly guarded, it is in danger to be 
surprised. Besides being seated within the limits of the province, 
and Her Majesty not having any other place or house convenient 
for the said Commissioner. It is some disgrace unto him that an 
inferior person should be trusted with the guard of a place of so 
great importance, before the said Commissioner being within the 
province of his government. Indorsed by Burghley, " Athlone in 
Connaught." p. 1. 

[Feb. 5.] 66. The Constable and Warders of Athlone. For himself at 
23. 6s. 8d. per annum, and 20 warders at 8d. per diem apiece, for 


1585/6. VOL.CXXII. 

one whole year amounteth unto 267. 7s. 11 %d., Irish, making 
sterling 2001. 10s. II ^d. Besides the profits and demesnes of the 
house of Athlone. Indorsed, " A note of the yearly value of Athlone 
due to the Lord Deputy by enjoying the same." p. . 

Feb. 7. 67. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. Sir, it may please you. 
Dublin Castle. Albeit, I am persuaded you have otherwise intelligence of foreign 
purposes, specially of the Spanish, as very requisite it is you should 
have, and as the time requireth. Yet I think it my duty to let 
you understand, what I have this evening since the despatch of the 
packet to sea received of two merchants. One that comes from 
Galway tells me that a Frenchman there arrived with iron out of 
Biscay, saith that there is no preparation for war in Biscay, other 
than shipping put in readiness, but that all men do constantly report 
there, that in the inner parts of Spain, men, corn, armour, and 
munition are preparing, and all for England and Ireland, as they 

One Kyst, a merchant of this town, this day arrived here out of 
Lisbon, saith that at his first coming thither, he meant to pretend 
himself and his goods to be French, as some few Englishmen there 
do, but perceiving straight all Irishmen had free trafiic and safe 
access thither, he showed himself to be as he was, and so was freely 
communicated of all things that his countrymen knew, of whom 
divers are residents there. 

The sum of that he learned of them in private was but what he 
heard of all others in common, and partly saw in doing. That 
the King was preparing an army of 40,000 Almains, Italians, 
Spaniards, and Portuguese, the greatest part for England, the rest 
for Ireland. That there was great provision of wheat a making, and 
likewise of armour and munition, and some he saw a furnishing 
" in Lisbon. That there were 85 great hulks towed up the river by 
seven galleys, whereof five he saw. And many of the hulks had 
their sterns taken away, and all laid up in docks ready for portage, 
and that the merchants in them had free liberty aad trafiic for 
themselves, and the corn and other ware -they brought. That 
corn is there very plentiful, and not worth above nine rials an 
English bushel. That most of the ships, whereof some argosies 
and the rest of other sorts, small and great, are a providing within 
the straits. That the traitor, Baltinglas, died five weeks before 
this last Christmas. And finally, that it was a credible report 
there, that English men-of-war had taken two very rich ships of 
Spain about the islands, as they were coming out of Hispaniola. 

Feb. 10. 68. Eleanor, Countess of Desmond, to Burghley. Albeit, I have 
Dyryioskan. long since written unto your Honor, both of my great misery and 
also how I was barred by my Lord Deputy, not to make claim to 
my thirds or jointure, yet now I am enforced through extreme 
poverty to make my moan unto your Honor. At this present my 
misery is such that my five children and myself liveth in all want of 
meat, drink, and clothes, having no house or dwelling wherein I with 
them may rest, neither the aid of brother or kinsman to relieve 


1585/6. VOL.CXXH. 

our necessity, which is so miserable that I see my poor children 
in a manner starve before me. Therefore, I humbly beseech your 
Honor, for God's sake, and according the trust I have always 
reposed in your Honor to be a mean unto Her Majesty, that it may 
please Her Highness of her charitable compassion to let me have 
some competent living in England or in this realm, or else that I 
may enjoy my jointure. In doing whereof your Lordship shall 
preserve my children and me from perishing. And bind us during 
life to pray for the preservation of your honorable estate long to 
continue in all health and prosperity, p. 1. 

Feb. 10. 69. Eleanor, Countess of Desmond, to Walsyngham, to procure 
Dyiyloskan. ne r some relief from Her Majesty, p.l. 

Feb. 11. 70. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. By my last of the 7th 
Dublin Castle. o f this month, I sent you such advertisements, as I then had 
newly received from Biscay and Lisbon. And even now Justice 
Walshe showed me a letter written to him, from the Mayor of 
Waterford, who willed him to impart it unto me. He saith that 
two merchants of that city, arriving there on Sunday, the 6th of 
this month, in a French bark of St. John de Luz, freighted by them- 
selves with Spanish iron, did tell him that there are above 60 sails 
of Englishmen there, and that the Biscayans and Spaniards resort 
thither traffic to with them. That they of Rochelle do continually 
fortify themselves for fear of the Guise, the Pope, and King of 
Spain, who, as it is said there, are joined to annoy them. And 
that the King of Spain is now at Valencia in Arragon, and other 
news bring they none. At the same time, as he writeth in a post- 
script being ready to close up his letter, a ship of St. Malo's, laden 
with sack and aqua vitse, came to their harbour, the merchants 
whereof reported that there is an army of ships, galleys, and 
galiasses a making ready in Gibraltar, and another as they heard 
tell at Lisbon. They loosed, as they said, from St. Mary Port, within 
the Bay of Caals [Cadiz] twelve days before. 

To these and all other advertisements I will add thus much, 
which I pray you to tell Her Majesty from me in discharge of some 
part of my duty, that the Irishry here do hearken greedily for the 
coming over of foreign forces, sending from one to another, whereof 
I have secret and certain intelligences by my spials, which makes 
me the rather to believe that is said, that some part of this Spanish 
preparation is for this land. This people are naturally so given to 
delight in change and alteration how well soever they are dealt 
withal, that they are ready to watch and attend for all opportuni- 
ties, as I and this Council " joynt " wrote very lately to your Lord- 
ships. And yet I have done, and do what I can, according to the 
plausible course I understand would be there best liked, to feed 
them on in as good sort as with any honorable conveniency I may, 
the rather to assure and settle them in some stayedness of duty. 
But because I see they begin, and I doubt will grow thereby the 
more insolent, and so take their advantage to join with the foreign 
enemy, I humbly pray you to procure .some special and extraordinary 
care to be had of that that I and this Council have in this behalf 


1585/6. Vo1 ' CXXIL 

written very lately, that we be not taken short and Her Majesty's 
state endangered. 

The White Knight's son is by my direction newly arrived out of 
Spain, as his father told me yesterday, and I have sent for him 
hither. I underst*^ 1 by your letters you have been of late very 
sick, whereof I was heartily sorry, but am as glad again hearing 
by others that you are somewhat recovered, which I pray God to 
perfect with as much good and comfort as I would to mine own soul. 
I am of opinion your sickness was the chief impediment to the 
despatch of resolutions necessary for this state, to have been sent 
away long ere this. For if there be not better ear given, more care 
had of it, and quicker despatches than hitherto have been, I doubt 
the repentance will come all too late. And I and this Council 
having thus forewarned may hold ourselves discharged in duty. I 
send over now a couple of spies that are fit men I think, and that 
will discover all the Spanish purposes. I will shortly send you a 
cipher, and a piece of parchment indented, when they write unto 
you by that character, and send the counterpart indenture, you 
may know it cometh from them. pp. 1. 

Feb. 12. 71. Nicholas Skiddie to Walsyngham. Right honourable my 
Cork. humble and most bounden duty premised, finding this bearer, my 
cousin, James Myaghe, repairing towards the Court, I thought good 
to write your Honor these few lines, declaring that William Barry, 
the man that brought the Earl of Clancarr's son into France, is appre- 
hended in Desmond, and now brought to Cork ; I offered to bring 
him to your Honour, wherein I could not prevail, by reason that my 
Lord Deputy did write for him, and it is meant that the said Barry 
shall be sent to Dublin. Also here arrived one Captain John Challis 
out of Barbary ; the man is an Englishman. He gave out that he 
had in very gold aboard his ship 12 barrels of gold, as I understand 
he took a " britton loode " of linen cloth, and sold the cloth in Bar- 
bary, he is gone back again to sea, whither God knoweth. And as 
touching the state of the province of Munster, where I dwell, the 
same is very quiet, and no rebellion or other sedition amongst the 
people, except it were some stealths. And in truth it is no marvel 
we should have stealths, when I myself have brought a tenant of 
the now Lord Barry's before the Vice -President, Thomas Norreys 
and one Justice Smy thes, for stealing of certain plough horses from 
me, the said Lord Barry sitting on the bench as one of Her 
Majesty's Justices of peace, did so maintain his tenant's cause (being 
arraigned of felony) and procured a jury to be packed up, of purpose 
to save his life, so that (notwithstanding the man was in action of 
rebellion with the said Lord Barry, and of so evil name and fame 
as all the country did rejoice to see him despatched) he was acquit. 
This is a great encouragement to the evil members of our Common- 
wealth, that reconciled traitors shall have as much favour as the 
dutiful subjects. Better it were to destroy one wolf than a hundred 
sheep. I would there were an order set down amongst us (as hath 
been in old time amongst the Romans) that the judges should have 
a share of the offender's goods, and then they would not be grieved 




Feb. 12. 


to punish malefactors. Then should not a poor man for stealing of 
a sheep be hanged, and such a notorious traitor permitted to live, 
being justly accused by me (your Honor's servant). And seeing 
Eight Honorable your servant is not respected of the Governors 
here, nor cannot have favour in his lawful causes for your sake, 
but rather daily do prefer their own servants, I beseech your 
Honor to be good to your servants yourself, to the end they may 
the better keep their master's credit and their own. For if I were 
sheriff of the county of Cork and a justice of peace there, then 
might your Honor's servant of himself punish offenders ; if I were 
collector or controller of the impost of Cork, then of myself and by 
the help of my friends, I would not only augment Her Majesty's 
revenue, but also Her Highness should be sure not to be deceived, 
or if I were clerk of the Council of Munster, I do not doubt but 
that I might discharge mine office with credit. Protesting before 
God I seek not an office for lucre or gain altogether, but to win 
credit, were it but that I might be able to write and send unto 
your Honor the examination of the said William Barry touching 
his journey to France, who no doubt of it, can discover great 
matters. Thus referring all to your honorable consideration, be- 
seeching God to prosper your Honor in all your affairs, with long 
life to the Queen's most Excellent Majesty for vita Elizabeth* 
conservatur respublica, I most humbly take my leave, pp. 1 . 

72. Petition of Donald Earl of Clancarr to Burghley by his agent 
James Myaghe, for payment ol 501. for 100 beeves delivered at the 
request of Captain Zouche. p. 1. 

Feb. 14. 73. Sir G. Bowrchier to Walsyngham. Finds little good of his 
Philipstown. office. Some part of the manors of Any, Cloneoger, and Loughe, 
taken from him and delivered to the Countess of Desmond, p. 1. 

Feb. 15. 74. Lord Deputy Perrot to same. Sir, it may please you, there 
Dublin Castle. are newly arrived two ships at St. Malo's, the one at this port, the 
other at Drogheda, and certain merchants of both towns are come 
over with them. They are laden with " seeks/' (sack) and other 
Spanish commodities, and were before at Gales (Cadiz) within these 
fifteen days. They all agree in one report that there is great 
preparation of shipping made by that King in sundry ports, and 
numbers of men a putting in readiness. That he doth make 
provision of a great quantity of wheat, which nevertheless was 
not many a year so good cheap there, for it exceedeth not six rials 
a hamick. and cheaper, it would have been but for this provision of 
the King's. That he hath taken up at Gaels (Cadiz) 1,225 buts of 
seek. And that the ordinary and constant speech is of every man 
there that all this is meant for England and Ireland, except some part 
of the seek which they say is for the Indies where it is dear and 
much wanted. Thus still as I hear I do and will think it my duty 
to advertise you, humbly praying you to procure it may be carefully 
thought on and speedily provided for. It will else be too late, 
when once the enemy is arrived and no means to resist him. For 
here we are not able to bring into the field, though we leave all 


1585/0. VOL ' CXXIL 

parts of the realm unguarded above nine bands of footmen, which 
will scarce make 800 bodies and 200 horse, whereof too many Irish, 
and all so worn out of heart through want of meat, money, and 
clothes, as I know not what to say or think of them. There were 
never poor men so T dealt with, they desire but meat, drink, and 
clothes for all the miserable toil they endure, besides the adventure 
of their lives, and because they want these necessaries, they think 
and speak very hardly of me. It may please you therefore 
earnestly to solicit not only redress in these things but also a 
sufficient company of men to be sent over with victuals, money, 
munition, and all things necessary to answer this danger in sort as 
I and this Counil joint and myself apart have of late written. I 
have but a life, which I weigh no more than mete is, but shall spend 
it in this action with the better contented conscience that I have 
discharged my duty to Her Majesty and my country in thus 
forewarning the danger, where otherwise being provided I might 
witli God's favour live to make account of it and my service to 
Her Majesty's honor. P.S. Sir "bere with this crebbed letter" 
because of the haste of the passage, p. 1. 

Feb. 19. 75. Wallop to Burghley, for payment of 100?. sterling, borrowed 
Dublin. o f Mr. George Carew. p. 1. 

Feb. 20. 76. Lord Deputy and Council to the Privy Council. May it 
Dublin Castle, please your most honorable Lordships. We anderstand that some 
labour is made there, to move Her Majesty to show mercy towards 
Cahil O 'Conor. Your Lordships know what a canker to this state 
the O'Conors and O'Mores have ever been, insomuch that all 
Governors have been driven, not so much of policy as necessity, to 
seek to extirp, or at least to keep them as much under as might 
be, which hath been a matter of long trouble and no small charge. 
And forasmuch as of all that race there was never any one more 
maliciously minded to the state, nor otherwise generally more 
mischievously given, delighting in burning and bipod, than this 
Cahil, we think it our duties to give that notice of him ; and withall 
to let your Lordships understand that of all the murthers he hath 
committed, the last (whatsoever is otherwise there reported to move 
the more on this behalf) was the most treacherous, which he did 
upon Captain Mackworth, an honest gentleman, and a servitor of as 
good valour as any of his sort in this land, whom after he had 
laboured for him, and procured his protection which he had de- 
livered him, he on the sudden slew, when he least suspected him : 
the manner whereof we now forbear to trouble your Lordships 
withal, knowing you have heretofore heard it at large. 

Besides these matters past, we do think ourselves bound in duty 
to let your Lordships understand further, how we are of opinion, 
that if he being a chief fellow amongst them should now (after he 
hath been driven to be a long time a fugitive) be returned home with 
any show of grace, not only the example would do harm, and breed 
a stomach and contempt in others of his sort, but also soon stir up 
those of his nation (that are now low enough) to rear head under 




him as a fit leader for them, and so put Her Majesty and this state 
to no small charge and trouble, where now, wanting such a one to 
depend upon, they are the liker to be held still down. We have 
heretofore had this consideration of the fellow, and in respect 
thereof have not thought him fit to be admitted to mercy, and yet 
have there been offers of good show made to the Lord Grey, us the 
late Lords Justices (the Chancellor, Archbishop, and Wallop), and 
since often to me the Lord Deputy from him, which being put to 
the touch have always proved as uncertain as himself. For what 
services soever have been conditioned with him, to see how well 
he would deserve any grace ; he never showed disposition to 
perform any, but if Her Majesty and your Lordships do find there 
any cause to hope better of him, and so wi]l grant him mercy, we 
would under correction think him fitter, to be held still there, or 
employed into the Low Countries, than returned hither, where he 
can do no good, but is likely to be an instrument of much hurt. 
If your Lordships would vouchsafe to send unto us for our opinions 
concerning such men and matters as this is, we suppose private 
persons would be the better advised, how they would henceforth 
prefer their affections in this sort to Her Majesty or your Lordships. 
[Signed by Perrot, Loftus Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, 
John Garvey, Bishop of Kilmore, Vice-treasurer Wallop, Sir Edw. 
Waterhous, and Edward Brabazon.] pp. 1. 

Feb. 20. 77. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. Sir, it may please you : 
Dublin Castle, since my last advertisements received at merchants' hands then 
arrived out of Spain, I had occasion to repair to Drogheda for 
proroguing of the Parliament until the 21st. of the next month. 
I felt a disposition in my body (before I went) of the stone. Never- 
theless necessity urging it, I went thither and paid well for it, 
being so sharply touched, as I was driven to lie by it five days 
longer than I meant, or otherwise needed. In respect of that casualty, 
and as well for fear of the like, as for the inability of that town to 
bear the train of a Parliament, I have prorogued it to this town. 
During mine abode there certain merchants of that town, with 
French owners of their shipping, then arriving out of Spain came, 
unto me, and delivered me the like report of the Spanish preparation 
and purposes that I have heretofore sent you from Waterford, Cork, 
and Galway. Upon my return thence hither, I have received 
letters of the like effect from the Mayor of Limerick, and another 
from one Walter Sherloke a merchant of Waterford, which I send 
here inclosed, for that coming lately thence, he writeth somewhat 
sensibly and of his own Igiowledge. Albeit I am persuaded Her 
Majesty and your Lordships have things of better certainty there, 
as reason is you should have, and that I do, as meet I should, rest 
and depend greatly thereupon. Yet for the discharge of my duty 
I am to say, that by these and all other reports I hear out of Spain, 
and specially by this Sherloke's letters herewith sent, the time of 
their readiness to attempt what they will do is nearer hand than 
perhaps is imagined, for sith corn is amongst them so cheap, and 
such provision made for it and other viands necessary ; it may be 


1585/6. VOL ' CXXIL 

gathered they mean to take the advantage of time with the use of 
their own, and not to tarry for the apt seasons of either countries 
that they purpose to attempt ; knowing well what great things are 
to be done on the sudden and unlocked for. The deeper considera- 
tion of these thitf^, I humbly leave to Her Majesty and your 
Lordships, craving pardon for presuming to enter thus far in with 
my dutiful care. But if your Lordships' intelligences there concur 
with these here, truly it is time the danger were provided for. 
That shipping were despatched to the coast, and men, money, 
munition, and victuals sent over, or at least in full readiness for it, 
according as I and this Council have lately motioned by our joint 
letters. For I would not have any great trust reposed in any 
assistance here. What our garrison is, and how it is mixed and out 
of heart, I pray I may refer you to remember by my last letters. 
And for this country people, though there be I am well assured, a 
great many most dutifully affected, yet they are generally addicted 
to these three dangerous humours, papistry, change of government, 
and licentious liberty ; so as surely, how fair soever they pretend, 
as still they do unto me, yet if a new master, and a stronger come, 
they will follow him, and leave the old when they see him unable 
of himself to make his party goodi whereof the Lord Primate and 
Sir Edward Moore, had some proof upon a small accident of the 
discovery of a few Scottish merchants upon the coast, returning 
with wines out of France, for while it was uncertain whence- that 
shipping was and what would become of it, they were but strangely 
looked upon by their most bounden and familiar followers ; and 
the like countenance Rice ap Hugh the provost marshal told me he 
found at Carlingford and those parts, amongst those he made account 
he might dispose of. At these and many other more open holes 
than these, it is not hard to find daylight, the graver consideration 
, whereof I humbly leave to your Lordships. 

But to the end I would the more certainly discover the purposes 
of Spain, I have made choice of one I take to be a very fit instrument 
for that purpose. He hath the Italian and Spanish tongue, having 
travelled both those regions, and been at Rome accepted for one of 
the fraternity of the Jesuits, and goeth hence as it were, disgraced 
by me and recommended by a supposed Bishop of the Pope's, now 
prisoner in this castle. The man besides is of good carriage, born 
in this land, and his name is Davy Duke, brother to Harry Duke, 
Captain of Her Majesty's kerne here and a servitor of good desert. 
I have concluded with him upon a figure and tripartite indented 
piece of parchment, whereof I send you one part herein closed. If 
he write unto you in that figure, and send unto you his counterpart 
of the indenture, you are to consider of it and I take it, to give 
credit to it, for I think he will deal both wisely and honestly. 

I have heard that the escape of some pledges out of this castle of 
late, hath been made a great matter there, and great effects given 
forth of companies thereupon raised, and spoils and burnings com- 
mitted, so ready some are to blow loud abroad anything that may 
seem to the disadvantage of my credit, insomuch that for Art 
O'Neill they have for the name's sake put in Harry as the more 





dangerous man, where indeed his brother is worse than, he ; some 
inconveniences have, and more might have fallen out, by escape of 
pledges and prisoners out of this castle and other places, whither 
I had with no small care and trouble gotten them in, as I have 
heretofore written unto you. But God be thanked, the danger hath 
been otherwise provided for, and the harm of this escape hath 
alighted upon the runaways themselves, who have been so hardly 
laid for, that they could lurk no longer for starving, much less do 
the harm that hath been bruited of them, for Art in his way 
homewards to the North was taken, but first sore wounded ; of 
O'Neil's pledges one recovered long since, the rest slain and drowned. 
Instead of Feagh M'Hugh [O'ByrneJs son, whose head I hope to 
have ere it be long, I have his brother (found in Art's company) and 
had before a younger son of his, so as I have now two for one. 
Divers others of Art's conductors northwards were some taken and 
some killed. And so be many other malefactors in sundry parts of 
the realm daily licked up, but specially in Leinster. So as all is in 
quiet yet, and so I think would continue if it be not along of foreign 
expectations, or of want of convenient maintenance thence. 

O'Neill's wife is of late come over, but brought no more Scots in 
her company than thirty or forty. And I hear no certainty yet of 
any numbers to come over, nor yet do I hear anything of Angus 
M'Donnell ; when I do I will advertise, and likewise what the 
commissioners whom I have now sent to compound the causes of 
Ulster shall return, pp. 3. 

Feb. 21. 


78. Pierre Des Maistres to Walsyngham. Respecting the money 
issued for cultivating woad in Ireland, and the success of the 
undertaking. French, p. 1. 

[Feb. 22.] 79. Similar to the above. French, p. 1. 

Feb. 24. 80. Privy Council to Sir John Stowell, and others of Somerset- 
Greenwich, shire. To treat with such gentlemen of good family and coun- 
tenance as will undertake to plant and re-people the parts of 
Munster now in Her Majesty's possession. They may confer with 
the Attorney General, Sir John Popham, on the particulars of the 
business. [Copy] [Carew ii., p. 419, under 14 Feb.~\ p. 1. 

Feb. 26. 81. The Queen to the Lord Chancellor and others of the Council 
Greenwich. o f Ireland. Her command, that the Deputies there be not suffered 
to act contrary to the opinion of the Council, but that information 
be sent to Her in case any Deputy shall persist after admonition 
given to him. Agnus M'Donnell and Sorley Boy to be reasonably 
compounded with. Sir Edward Waterhous's grant to be re-called. 
[Copy] Indorsed, Her Majesty's letter which was the cause that 
bred all the broil, pp. 2. 

Feb. 26. 82. Another copy of the above, pp. 2. 

Feb. 26. 83. Capt. W. Piers to Walsyngham. Mr. Fowle's dealing in 
Tristemaghe. minerals. Her Majesty's great charge in the north. Piers offered 
his service having ability to endure travel and to ride. A less 
number of men might hold the country in quiet, p. 1. 



Feb. 27. 


Feb. 27. 


Feb. 27. 



84. Vice-President Tho. Norreys to Burghley. Effects of the 
late rumours of the wars with Spain. The parcels of Desmond's 
lands, annexed by custodiam to the Presidency, should not be given 
away. p. 1. ^. 

85. Mr. Charles Calthorpe, Attorney General, to Walsyngham. 
Concerning his agreement with Mr. Col man, Her Majesty's Re- 
membrancer. Her Majesty defrauded of the benefit of her tenures, 
wardships, alienations, and intrusions. His good service, pp. 2. 

86. Mr. George Carew to same. Right Honorable, since it 
pleased your Honour to enjoin me to write unto you, I could 
not with my duty neglect it, being so many ways bound in 
services unto yo\i, for the sundry favours which I must acknow- 
ledge to have received at your hands ; for the letter which your 
Honor wrote in my behalf to the Lord Deputy, I most humbly 
thank you, beseeching you to take knowledge in your next 
letters unto his Lordship, that I have signified unto your Honor 
how well he hath entreated me for your sake, which is far beyond his 
custom and my expectation. Intelligences from hence I am assured 
doth daily instruct your Honor in what estate this country is now 
in, better a great deal than I can any way inform your Honour, yet 
notwithstanding in such sort as I find it I will be bold to advertise, 
which in my opinion is in doubtful terms, if good care be not had 
to prevent such dangers as by invasions (which is suspected and 
feared by the honester sort), are likely to ensue, for intelligences of 
good assurance is daily brought into this land of such mischiefs not 
long to come. To withstand these threats if they chance, the 
governor is weakly provided both of men, money, munition, and 
victuals, not having of any of these sufficient store to keep the field 
if necessity do require it. Before these rumours were spread abroad, 
amongst the Irish, the Lord Deputy's proceeding prospered so well as 
good hope of reformation was had, and establishment of quietness 
throughout the realm was expected, which now may be held doubtful 
because the day is at hand (as they think) so long looked for, to shake 
off the English government, that upon the least occasion they are apt 
to enter into new rebellions, if the Lord Deputy against his nature 
did not wonderfully temporize with them. The late coming over of 
the Scots and the doubt that is had of O'Neill's joining with them, I 
am sure is well known to your Honor, but small regard is to be had 
of their worst, for Her Majesty's forces together with the assistance 
of the Earl of Tyrone and O'Donnell (who undoubtedly in this action 
will to their uttermost endeavour themselves like good subjects) is 
able at any time to chasten their insolences and disobediences. 
Art O'Neill, son to Shane O'Neill, and the other his fellow prisoners, 
which brake out of Dublin Castle, are by good hap taken again. 
Other advertisements this present yields not. Indorsed " From 
Mr. George Carewe." [About this time Sir George Carew was 
knighted, but this letter is indorsed Mr. by Walsyngham's secre- 
tary.] pp. 2. 

3. C 


87. R. Shee to Walsyngham. Thanks for his care of him in his 

Feb. 27. 

Kilkenny. ] a te trouble. The bearer, his son, will impart the success he is likely 
to have. p. 1. 

Feb. 28. 88. Lord Deputy to same. His proceedings touching Her Ma- 
Dublin Castle, jesty's casualties and debts, p. 1. Incloses, 

88. I. Answer "by Thomas Jenyson, Auditor of Ireland, to cer- 
tain questions touching the Queen's revenues, delivered to him by 
the Lord Deputy, pp. 4. 

Feb. 28. 89. R. Shee to Burghley. The Lord Deputy would not redeliver 
Kilkenny, hi m the book wherein his evidences are exemplified nor restore him 

to any place of credit. Prays for the passing of a reversion of some 

farms granted to him. p. 1. 

Feb. 28. 90. Captain John Price to Walsyngham. It may please your 
Dublin. Honor. We have taken some of O'Neill's pledges, which broke 
prison before Christmas, and are now in Dublin Castle. We killed 
certain Scots which we found in company with the pledges, and 
whereas both Sorley Boy [M'Donnell] and his son, had given 
their words to come in to the Lord Deputy, they say now they will 
not, nor they dare not, for Angus M'Donnell, who hath promised 
them two thousand Scots to be sent to Ireland to war against Her 
Majesty here. I doubt not but with God's help we will eftsoons 
quell their courage. The Irishry are wonderfully addicted to popery 
and giving great credit to blind prophecy. Here is not any news, 
otherwise than I certified your Honor in my last letter. 

Feb. . 91. Roger Maynwaringe to Lord , of the amount of Her 

Majesty's debts owing in Ireland for all manner of causes until 
Michaelmas 1585, being 62,859. 7s. l|cZ. Irish, making sterling 
47,144Z. 10s. 4d pp. 2. 

Feb. . 92. Draft of articles delivered to Secretary Fenton, to be delivered 
in Her Majesty's name to the Lord Deputy and others whom they 
may concern, to be answered without delay. Enlarged and noted 
by Burghley. pp. 6. 

Feb. . 93. Commission for taking Treasurer Wallop's accounts to 1585, 
Sept. 30. Copy. pp. 6. 

Feb. . 94. Sir F. Walsyngham to the Lord Deputy. Multitude of business. 

The Court. Despatch of Leicester to the Low Countries. Her Majesty liketh 
not that being told of his faults, he should seek to be discharged of his 
service. Thinks it not convenient that Perrot should cause his 
motion for revocation to be renewed. Perrot's adversaries have 
put it into Her Highness' ear that he has had more care for the 
advancement of his own particular profit than for Her Majesty's. 
His neglect to revive the composition in lieu of cess, and to reduce 
the sterling pay to the old Irish. Perrot has made a composition 
with the English Pale for his own household of 1,500Z. a year. Wai- 





syngham is of opinion that Perrot should not proceed in the device he 
had propounded of laying an imposition of Zd. or 4>d. upon every acre 
of corn, and as much upon cows and garrons, lest it should breed 
a general disc^.Lent throughout the whole realm, as it hath 
oftentimes fallen out here in this realm that like charges laid upon 
our people hath bred very dangerous tumults. Inconveniences 
likely to arise from the war entered into against the King of Spain. 
Perrot to knit up with peace all difference with the Scots and others. 
The Lords of the Council are all of opinion that Perrot's composition 
with the lords and gentlemen of Ulster will not hold out, by 
reason that the said lords and gentlemen are not able to perform 
that which they have undertaken. The Queen will not be drawn 
to the charge of placing a President in Ulster, and mislikes of the 
attempt against the Scots. Gilson utterly denies the evil speeches 
which Perrot had been informed he should give out of him, and 
desires to be confronted with the Baron of Delvin, which Walsyngham 
will see performed. Walsyngham has received the suggestions and 
imputations of his enemies. Walsyngham is very glad to hear of 
the good liking Perrot has taken of Sir Richard Byngham. Prays 
Perrot to express his goodwill to Sir Richard Byngham effectually 
when he shall have occasion. Walsyngham holds Byngham very 
dear. Finds Burghley very ready to maintain Perrot's doings 
against such as do seek to disgrace him. Thinks the Lord Boyde 
will retire to Scotland if he have not already gone. Perrot's request 
to Walsyngham to procure warrant under the Queen's own hand 
for doing certain things for which he had had direction from Mr. 
Fenton in her name. As those things were matters of thrift and 
tending to the sparing and ease of Her Majesty's purse, Perrot 
needed not to have made scruple to obey that direction. Has 
disbursed 100Z. to Pierre Desmaistres for the sowing of woad, and 
will deliver another 100?. after Christmas. Copy. pp.-3%. 


1585/6. 1. Archbishop of Dublin to Lord Burghley. Much good done in 
March 1. God's church by the late Mr. Walshe, Bishop of Ossory, lamentably 
Dublin. murdered in his own house. Recommends Mr. Thompson, Treasurer 
of St. Patrick's, to succeed him. pp. 2. 

March 1. 2. Articles concerning Her Majesty's offers for the disposing Her 
lands in Munster to the Planters. frndorsed by Burghley : The 
first Articles offered to such as will inhabit Munster. pp. 2. 

March 3. 3. Note of suitors appointed to be paid by a Privy Seal, viz., 
John Powell, Walter Segrave, Thomas Lynyall, Thomas Davies, 
George Thornton, for his service at the sea, the widow of Hercules 
Rainsford, as the remain of a debt to her late husband, p. 1. 

c 2 


1585/6. YOL - CXXIIL 

March 4. 4. Walter White to Nicholas Roche, attending upon Mr. John 
Limerick. Burke at the Court. The Lord Burke's death. John Burke to 

intreat the Lords of the Council that he may receive no wrong by 

being in England, p. 1. 

March 4. 5. Supply of munition to be sent to Ireland, p. 1. 

March 6. 6. Device to stop the frequency of insurrections in Ireland, by not 
allowing provisions at inns, nor passage by ships, to unknown or 
mean persons, p. 1. 

March 7. 7. Lord Deputy Perrot to Walsyngham. I send unto you herein- 
Dublin Castle, closed a letter of advice written out of Spain from a merchant of 
Drogheda, confirming other men's advertisements as well of that 
King's preparations, as of the cheapness of corn there, which 
seemeth strange to all that know that country, and yet true. For 
Frenchmen that were wont to bring corn thither say that they had 
bargained for corn to be carried thence in respect of the cheapness, 
but could not be suffered, the King having made a restraint for his 
own provision. These things coming hither frequent and as fresh 
as they possibly can come thither, I do for duty's sake send over to 
be imparted to Her Majesty and my Lords, and not that I mean to 
urge anything, but do humbly rest upon your intelligences there 
which it may be you have of better certainty. Incloses, 

7. I. Patrick Dowdall to his uncle, Philip Dowdall, or in his 
absence, to his cousin, William Byrt, in Drogheda. Uncle Philip, 
your health I wish to God's pleasure, &c. Whereas I made mine 
account ere this to be in Ireland, and being three times at sea, by 
force of weather [vedder], and contrary winds, we were driven back 
and arrived in Spain but the 8th of this present 'month, where I make 
what speed I may to be as soon in Ireland as any. Our wines are 
bought, and some aboard, the rest lies in the streets of Xeres for want 
of carts and gabbards [lighters], for that they are to serve the King, 
yet I hope by God's grace to be at sea within eight days, if wind 
serve. The wines of this year are small, nevertheless I have for you 
that which I make account shall be to your contentation. Wines 
did mount in their prices at least by four ducats in a butt, and if 
Englishmen had had their trade here this year, wines had been 
worth 20 ducats the butt. The first of the year it was sold for 10 
ducats, and now it is worth 14 ducats. To write of news of 
the country I hope to be as soon as this my letter. English com- 
modities are well sold save wheat. Wheat is worth but six rials 
the fannick \bushel]. The King makes a marvellous great army, 
and where to go it is uncertain. 1585-6. Jan. 20. St. Mary Port 
in Andalusia, Spain. 

March 7. 8. Lord Deputy Perrot to Secretary Walsyngham. Mr. John 
Dublin Castle. Garvey, Dean of Christ's Church, to have the bishoprick of Ossory 
instead of Kilmore, which he was formerly content to accept, as well 
to displace one subsituted into it by the Pope's authority, as also to 
do some good amongst that rude people. Thomas Burke, a re- 
conciled Jesuit, son of the late M'William to be Bishop of 




March 7. 


March 9. 



Kilmacough [alias Kilmacduagh]. Owen O'Connor, brother of Sir 
Donnell O'Connor, of Sligo, and sometime an exhibitioner of Her 
Majesty, at Christ Church in Oxford, to be made Bishop of Killala. 
p. I. 

9. Wallop to Walsyngham. Thanks for his four letters. As to 
a continuance of the good liking between Sir Richard Byngham 
and him. Mr. Brouncker's debt. The 50L which Wallop lent to 
Captain Carleill. Has received Her Majesty's warrant for pro- 
longing the commission for his account. Will not fail to do his 
best endeavour to agree Sir Richard Byngham and Mr. Anthony 
Brabazon. Burghley's justification of him to Her Majesty. Corrupt 
judges and officers. Is glad to understand of the good course my 
Lord of Leycestre holds at his first entry into government, and of 
the good liking the United States of the Low Countries seem to 
have of him. Fears the great monthly contribution which they 
have granted will not be sufficient to maintain a war offensive and 
defensive against the King of Spain. It is to be feared Her 
Majesty will soon grow weary of the charge. Great want of money 
in Ireland. Notwithstanding that Walsyngham writes that the 
King of Spain desists wholly from his preparations by sea for any 
enterprise to be done upon Her Majesty's dominions, yet by sundry 
persons who have come from thence within this month, it is reported 
that those preparations do continue, and with purpose to annoy 
Her Majesty within very short time. If any attempt should be 
made against Ireland, were it but with 4,000 or 5,000 men before 
better provision to withstand them be made than yet is, so affected 
are the people to the Spaniard as, in Wallop's opinion, the danger 
will fall out to be overgreat, and the charge of 200,000^. or 300,000 
will not recover that which the extraordinary charge of 20,000. 
might this summer prevent. Ireland is as good a land for the 
quantity as any that Wallop has seen, and wanteth nothing, but 
reducement of the people that be in it to civility, and the supply 
of other good people to inhabit the waste parts of it. Necessity to 
keep Ireland, pp. 4. 

10. Wallop to Burghley. Received his letter of 2 February. 
Hopes to bring his account to England before Michaelmas. The 
debt will be 64,OOOZ. the last of March. The last 10,OOOL Victual. 
Where Burghley writes that the increase of pay to the soldier was 
granted in respect of the avoiding of cess, and that the composition 
for the same should have partly answered the charge of the said 
increase, and borne the loss which the Queen sustains by victualling, 
which in truth it will not do by a great deal, unless it may be drawn 
to a greater sum yearly than hitherto it has been. Wallop has always 
conceived that it should do so, and is still of opinion that the Pale 
itself, considering the goodness of the soil, and greatness thereof, is 
able to bear a far greater yearly composition than 1,500Z. Wallop 
has sundry times put the Lord Deputy Perrot in mind to set down 
order for the two years' composition since his coming over, whereto 
his Lordship has answered that he doubted not but by Parliament 
to make a better bargain. Wallop knows the stubborn and fro ward 


1585/6. Vor " CXXIIL 

disposition of the people to yield to anything that shall turn to the 
Queen's profit. Wallop thinks that very hardly will they be now 
drawn to yield unto the composition of 3,000?. for the two years to 
end at Michaelmas next, considering the agreement for the same 
was not made in the beginning of each year as usually it was wont 
to be. Wallop sees no reason but all the rest of the provinces 
might be also brought to yield a yearly composition towards the 
maintenance of the Queen's garrison, although not in one equality, 
by reason that few of the rest are so well inhabited as the Pale, 
whereto if each man without exception might bear his portion, 
the sum would be great that by that means would be levied. 
Wallop sees not why greater freedom should be granted in Ireland 
to the nobility and gentry than is in England. Haply it will be 
said that in respect of their freedom they are tied to general hostings, 
to serve forty days yearly at their own charges, having forty days 
warning, a thing very seldom " put in ure," and to small purpose 
when it is, considering the nature of the wars here is only with the 
Irishry and other rebels, who for the time of the said general 
hostings will shift themselves from place to place so as the force 
thereof shall not annoy them, and after will return at their pleasure, 
and for the more part such alliance is between the borderers of the 
Pale, and them as willingly they will not hurt them ; and therefore 
in " my simple opinion " it were not amiss, if that be the chief point 
they stick on, that they be released from that service, and bear 
all such burthen as the nobility and gentlemen in England do. 
Whatsoever they say of the antiquity of their freedom, Wallop 
never saw hitherto any grant thereof from any prince, and yet 
supposes they have many, which if they should show, would tie 
them to many greater services than now they will acknowledge. 
When they had freedoms first granted either by patents or otherwise, 
they were thereby bound to defend the countries where the}'- dwelt 
at their own charges, against the Irishry or English rebels, which if 
now they were able to perform they might well have not only the 
continuance of their freedoms, but also an enlargement of the same. 
But for that time has made that impossible, and that the service 
they now acknowledge is but a scarecrow, there were no incon 
venience to have those freedoms cut, and yet the claimers of the 
same to be as free as men of like sort are in England. Thanks 
Burghley for favourable speeches uttered of him to the Queen at 
the time when the informations of the abuses of sundry of the 
officers of Ireland were in question before her. Burghley knows 
how often by letters Wallop has yielded his opinion that many 
ways the Queen is ill dealt withal by sundry her officers " here." 
Wallop promises his furtherance for the discovery and amendment 
of many things, pp. 5. 

March 12. 11. Nicholas Taaff to Sir F. Walsyngham, to further the suits 
Athclare. se nt over by his son and agent. His peril the last passage. His 13 
children, p. 1. Annexes, 

11. i. Note of the request oj Nicholas Taaff to Her Majesty and 
the Privy Council. That where the Queen has granted him the fee- 


1585/0. V01 ' CXXIIL 

farm of 121. English, of Eustace of Batty Gotland's lands, for that 
the same is in lease all, some for 54 years, and the rest for 33 years, 
during which time Taaff will get no profit, that he may have remittal 
of tlie said 12Z. rent during the continuance of the said leases, and 
also that he may He, a grant of such of the said Eustace's lands in 
fee-farm as lie, or his heirs may find concealed at a reasonable 
survey. And to him also the fee-farm of certain of the said 
Eustace's lands which are in the Queen's hands, amounting to 
'31. 13s. Qd. English. Also further where he holds for years yet to 
come certain land of the possessions of the late dissolved religious 
house of the Knock on the borders of the county of Louth not 
surmounting 61. 10s. Qd. English per annum, which now is waste 
without castle or fortress, that he may have tlie same in fee-farm 
with condition reasonably to fortify the same. p. 1. 

March 16. 12. Note of great ordnance Her Majesty has in Ireland, as well 
Dublin. that is mounted as dismounted, pp. 2. 

March 17. 13. Garret Fytzgarret to Walsyngham. To further his suit for a 
sufficient warrant for the allowance of 100. defalked upon him. 
p. I. 

March 17. 14. Checks laid upon the several companies of Sir "Wm. Stanley, 
Captain Thos. Henshaw, Sir Henry Wallop, Captain Warhame 
Sentleger, Sir George Bourchier, Capt. Dawtry, &c. pp. 3. 

March 20. 15. J., Earl of Kildare, to Walsyngham. The waste and spoil of 

Maynooth. his lands in the late troubles of his father. His stay to settle his 

estate to enable him to attend on the Queen. His mother sends 

her commendations to Walsyngham and to his wife and daughter. 

p. I. 

March 24. 16. Sum due by Her Majesty to the 30th September 1584, 
30,559. 17s. 4d sterling. Also note of payment of certain Irish 
debts, pp. 5. 

[March.] 17. Note of pensioners discharged and their entertainment, and 
of the pensioners appointed by letters from England, p. 1. 

March 27. 18. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. His arrival yesterday. The Bishop 
Dublin. of Kilmore to be translated to the See of Ossory. p. 1. 

March 29. 19. Petition of Anne Leake, widow, to Burghley, for payment of 
124?. 18s. 8fd., due to John Leake, deceased, one of the victuallers 
in Ireland, p. 1. 

March 31. 20. Captain John Price to Walsyngham. Skirmish with the 

O'Donneii's Scots in O'Donnell's country on the 18th. They being 500 had 

Country. sworn one ^ o another to fight it out with the English, who were but 

120. About 60 Scots slain and many hurt. Alexander M'Sorley, 

son of Sorley Boy M'Donnell, having received many wounds, swam 

over to Allonge for refuge. His quick corps found in a deep grave 

covered with green rushes, and on every side six old calliox weep- 


1586. ' CXXIIL 

ing. Remembrance of Dunluce. Sends Alexander M'Sorley Boy 
M'Donnell's head and M'Donnell Vallay's head to be set upon 
Dublin Castle. [Dated 1585, but evidently 1586.] p. 1. 

March 31. 21. Book of the Garrisons from 1st October 1585 to 31st March 
1586, under the hand of Thomas Williams, Clerk of the Check, [for 
Burghley]. The names of the chief officers are Sir John Perrot, the 
Lord Deputy ; Sir H. Wallop, Treasurer at Wars ; Sir H. Bagenall, 
Knight Marshal of this realm ; Jacques Wyngfeld, Esq., Master of the 
Ordnance ; Thomas Williams, Esq., Clerk of the Check. The sum 
total of their entertainments, 3,191?. 4s. 2%d. 

For Munster : John Norreys, Esq., Lord President of Munster ; 
Jessua Srnythes, Chief Justice there ; John Myaghe, Second Justice 
there ; Robert Rosier, Attorney General there ; Lodowick Bryskett, 
Clerk of the Council there ; George Thornton, Provost Marshal in 
Munster. Sum of their entertainments, 1,482?. 19s. 8d., and the 
fourth part of a farthing. 

For Connaught : Sir Richard Byngham, Chief Commissioner in 
Connaught and Thomond ; Thomas Dillon, Esq., Chief Justice there ; 
John Merbury, gent., Assistant there to the Chief Commissioner ; 
Edward Whyte, Clerk of the Council there ; Francis Barkley, Esq., 
Provost Marshal there ; John Henry, Serjeant-at-Arms. Sum of 
their entertainments, 2,108?. 18s. 0|c?. 

Leinster: Sir George Bo wrchier, Lieutenant of the King's County; 
Warhame Sentleger, Esq., Lieutenant of the Queen's County ; 
Charles Calthorpe, Esq., Attorney General ; Rice ap Hugh, Provost 
Marshal there. Sum of entertainments, 404?. lls. 2fc?., and a half 
farthing and the fourth part of a farthing. 

Ulster : Francis Stafford, Governor of the forces there. Enter- 
tainment, 12 H. 6s. tid. 

For Ministers of the Ordnance under the Master : Christopher 
Mortimer, Chief Engineer for the realm ; Jasper Sheeth, Clerk of 
the Ordnance at Waterford ; John Fagan, Clerk of the Munition at 
Cork; Thomas Stanyhurst, Clerk of the Munition at Limerick. 
Entertainments, 191?. 4s. 11 \d. 

Bands of horsemen : The Earl of Tyrone, for 50 horsemen ; 
Sir Henry Harrington ; Captain William Warren ; the Baron of 
Dunsany ; Sir Edmund Butler ; Captain Thomas Lee, Edward 
Herbert, gent, Entertainments, 2,465?. Is. 9^c?. 

Bands of footmen : Sir Henry Wallop, for 100 footmen ; Sir W. 
Stanley ; Sir George Bowrchier Sir Henry Bagenall ; Thomas 
Norreys, Esq. ; Warhame Sentleger ; Thomas Henshaw ; Thomas 
Woodhouse. Entertainments, 7,514?. lls. 6d. 

Footbands serving in the country pay, with certain entertainments 
from Her Majesty : Captains Richard Ovingdon ; Piers Ovingdon ; 
Wm. Bowen; Rice ap Hugh; John Parker; Dudley Bagenall; 
Nicholas Merriman, for 100 footmen serving with O'Neill. Enter- 
tainments, 534?. 16s. lOd, and the fourth part of a farthing. 

Bands of Kerne : Henry Duke, General of Her Majesty's Kerne ; 
Mortagh Oge O'Conor ; Sir Henry Bagenall, discharged. Enter- 
tainments, 183?. 8s. 8d. 


1586 - VOL. CXXIII. 

Warders, Leinster : Sir Edward Moore, Constable of Philips- 
town ; George Harvey, Constable of Maryborough ; George Carew, 
Constable of Leighlin Bridge ; Robert Harpoll, Constable of Carlow ; 
Thomas Maisterspn, Constable of Ferns ; Jaques Wyngfeld, Con- 
stable of Dublin CJTTule, discharged the 19th of January, when the 
ward was delivered over to Stephen Segar, gent. Entertainments, 
5971. 19s. 3fd. 

Warders in Ulster : Charles Eggarton, Constable of the Castle 
of Carrickfergus ; Nicholas Dawtrey, gent., Seneschal of Claneboy ; 
Edward Keyes, gent., Constable of Blackwater ; Peter Gary, gent., 
Constable of Dunluce, deceased. Entertainments, 610?. 19s. 6d. 

Warders, Munster : Anthony Hungerford, gent., Constable of 
Dungarvan Castle ; Thomas Spring, gent., Constable of Castlemaine ; 
John Bleeke, Constable of Limerick Castle ; Edward Barkley, Esq., 
Constable ot Askeaton. Entertainments, GQU. 1 2s. 10d, and half 
a farthing. 

Warder, Conuaught : John Norton, Constable of Athlone. En- 
tertainment, 133?. 

Sea charges : Capt. George Thornton, for the Queen's ship, called 
the Handmaid, lying in harbour, 37. 19s. 7%d. 

Pensioners : Sir William Collyer ; Francis Lovell ; Bryan Fytz- 
wylliams, Esq. ; Henry Sheffeld ; Garret Fitzgarret ; Edmund 
Byrne ; Giles Cornwall ; George Thornton ; Francis Stafford ; John 
Cusake ; Hugh Bangor ; Teige M'Gilpatrick [O'Conor] ; George 
Blunte ; John Parker ; Martin Couche, deceased ; Matthias O'Cane 
[de Monte Bello] ; Charles Montague ; Shane O'Neill ; Con O'Neill ; 
Neale O'Neill; Brian Oge O'Neill, deceased ; William Pers, junior; 
George Hunt ; John Price ; Robert Nangle ; John Benyon ; James 
Foster ; George Harvy ; Dermod O'Dooley ; Silvester Cowley ; 
Peter Gary, deceased 1st November ; Lawrence Taaffe ; Edward 
Drinkell ; Lewis Lawrence ; Christopher Barn wail ; Thomas 
Denham ; Walter Newton ; Lancelot Clayton ; Walter Lawrence ; 
Thomas Taylor ; George Wolverstone, John Griffin ; Teig Ne 
Cariggie ; Richard ap Brother ; Nicholas Pern. Entertainments, 
1,16<M. 11s. 8d. and half a farthing. 

Almsmen : Walter Pott ; John Myagh ; Richard Everett ; 
William Lyttle ; William Clerke ; Andrew Armstrong ; William 
Dennis ; William Sewell ; Hugh Williams ; John Moore ; Ralph 
Adale; Henry Holcraft ; Robert Panton, deceased, 1st October. 

Wages, 591 3s. 

Sum total of all the pays, 21,5021. 19s. 5|d and half a farthing 
and the fourth part of a farthing, Irish. Making sterling, 
16,126. 9s. 7i<Z. 

Sum of the horsemen, 472 ; footmen at the old pay, 923; on the 
country's pay, 600 ; others serving under officers, 180 ; jiensioners 
and almsmen, 58. In all, 2,233 men. pp. 37. 

March 31. 22. Book of the garrisons from 1st October 1585 to 31st March 
1586, under the hand of Thomas Williams, Clerk of the Check. 
pp. 38. [This book ivas for Walsyngham.] 




March 31. 23. Checks set on Captain Thomas Woodhouse, for the half year 
ended 31st March 1586. pp. 2. 

March. 24. Articles concerning Her Majesty's offers for the disposing of 
the lands in Munster, with the answer and resolution of the Lord 
Deputy and Council to the several articles. Signed by Geff. Fenton. 
pp. 2. 

qy. March. 25. Names of such gentlemen of Cheshire and Denbighshire as 
are willing to inhabit in Munster, viz., Thomas Salisbury, heir to 
Sir John Salisbury ; Gilbert Gerrard, heir to Sir Wm. Gerrard, late 
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and hath land in both shires ; Thomas 
Powell, Esq. ; Lancelot Bostok, gentleman, pensioner ; and William 
Aylmer his half brother, having land in both shires ; Edward Jones, 
also of Ladowgan, in the county of Denbigh, Esquire ; Mr. George 
Biston of Cheshire, and Hugh Bostock his son, and Captain Robert 
Hitchcock, p. 1. 

April 4. 


April 6. 


26. Wallop to Burghley. For payment of the sum due to the 
bearer, Anne Thickpenny, widow of John Thickpenny, late victualler 
in Munster, now the Auditor has perfected the accounts. Her 
chargeable attendance four years about passing the accounts, p. 1. 

27. Justices of Cheshire, Sir Hugh Cholmundeley, Sir Rowland 
Stanley, Sir E. Phiton, P. Warburton, W. Brereton, Thomas 
Wylbrame, and Henry Manwaringe, to the Privy Council. Their 
meeting with Sir Edward Fyton, and proceeding to induce the 
gentlemen of Cheshire to take part in the peopling of Munster. 
p. 1. Inclose, 

27. i. The names of such within the counties of Cheshire and 
Lancashire as will join in the action for the peopling of Munster 
with Sir Edward Fyton, knight, viz., Sir Rowland Stanley, knight, 
John Poole, John Egerton, Walter Leveson, John Pooll, junior, 
John Fradsame, Gilbert Gerrerd, Henry Bould, Roger Daulton, 
Thomas Asheton, Edward Joanes, Thomas Fleetwood, Thomas 
Salisbury, John Cauvert, Esquires, Richard Phiton, Alexander 
Phiton, Sir Edward Phiton, and Christopher Carowes, Esq. 

28. G. Beverley to Burghley. Urges the speedy sending of a 
supply of money for victualling the soldiers. Wheat, 52s. the 
quarter, p. 1. 

29. The Chancellor, Archbishop of Dublin, Loftus, to Burghley. 
That the clause in Her Majesty's letters by Fenton for revocation of 
a grant to Sir E. Waterhous of the boats upon the Shannon, be not 
enforced without some gracious consideration of the gentleman. 
Waterhous has ever since his repair into this land sought by all 
means to do good unto many, and never to hurt. " I for my part 
must needs confess myself in sort bounden unto the gentleman for 
his faithful assistance in the late and long contention and dislike 
between my Lord Deputy and me, which now to my great comfort 
is composed, wherein he has shown himself an earnest persuader to 
a more moderate course than hath been used." pp. 2. 

April 12. 30. Copy of the above, pp. 2. 

April 10. 


April 12. 



April 12. 


April 12. 


April 13. 


April 14. 

April 14. 


April 15. 


31. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. The Lord 
Deputy's deep wound with the contents of Fenton's despatch. His 
patience and good government. Ireland never so near a thorough 
reformation as now. The good composition in Connaught. Policy 
of weakening the SSTi, approved. As for Ulster " I " hear the Lord 
Deputy Perrot say he will prove the charges of his enterprise therein 
to be little or nothing. But touching the success thereof we all 
see the Scot (who is the hope of all rebellious minds in this realm) 
greatly beaten and banished, the potentates mastered by Her 
Majesty's soldiers upon their own charges, and now ready to compound 
for their in-garrisoning among them, as well to aid the good subjects 
as to annoy the evil. pp. 2. 

32. N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. The heavy 
state of Sir Edw. Waterhous moves him to compassion. Experience 
of the effective service of the boats on the Shannon. [Dated 1585, 
but evidently 1586.] p.\. 

33. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley. For consideration 
of the long and good service of the bearer, Mr. Harvye. p. $. 

34. The Queen to Lord Deputy Perrot. Let us have no more 
such rash unadvised journeys without good ground, as your last 
fond journey in the North. We marvel that you hanged not such 
saucy an advertiser as he that made you believe so great a company 
were coming. I know you do nothing but with a good intent for 
my service, but yet take better heed ere you use Us so again. 
[Copy of a clause written with Her Majesty's own hand in the top 
of her letter to the Lord Deputy.} 

35. Henry Sheffelld to Lord Burghley. Thanks for letters to 
the Lord Deputy. Offers to take employment under Sir Thomas 
Cecil, p. 1. 

36. G. Fenton to Burghley. Relates the grief which the despatch 
he carried over has caused to the Lord Deputy, who thinketh that 
over hard measure is used to him from thence, both contrary to the 
promises made when he first accepted the government, and against 
his own deserts which he pretendeth to have merited better con- 
struction. His Lordship doth write to his friends there to solicit 
his speedy revocation. The heads of Alexander M'Surley Boy 
M'Donnell, and M'Donnell Vallough sent, to Dublin, the one the 
eldest son of Sorley Boy, and the other his near kinsman, and both 
esteemed men of importance amongst the Scots. It seemeth the 
Lord Deputy hath a desire to count this accident to a commodity 
to prosecute Sorley Boy still and to end that war by the sword, 
thinking that the maim he hath given them by cutting off of these 
two chief leaders will do much to end the quarrel, as though by this 
blow hidra's head were seared up, and no others remaining as bad 
as they to rise in their places. I do often put his Lordship in 
mind of the harms that may ensue by continuing the prosecution, 
especially in a time so unseasonable, and where so many incommo- 




clities are to occur, but chiefly I make bold to remember his Lord- 
ship of his restraint in that point by Her Majesty's express 
direction, which I doubt not will more prevail with him in a matter 
so weighty than his own affection, pp. 2. 

April 15. 


37. G. Beverley to Burghley. The numbers victualled. The cess. 
The scarcity and high price of grain. Letters written in another 
hand. pp. 2. Incloses, 

37. i. Account of the disbursement of money delivered to G. 
Beverley for victualling causes ; parcel of treasure sent for growing 
charges. Apr. 7. p. 1. 

37. n. Answer of G. Beverley to a point of the. instruction 
delivered to Mr. Fenton concerning the victualling. Copy. p. 1. 

April 15. 38. G. Beverley to Burghley. [Copy.] pp. 1^. Inclosing, 

38. i. Answer of G. Beverley, the victualler, to a point of the 
instruction delivered to Mr. Fenton concerning the victualling. 
April. Copy. p. 1. 

April 16. 

Dublin Castle, 

April 16. 

April 18. 


April 18. 

39. Lord Deputy Perrot to Burghley. His great grief at the 
three disgraces put upon him by the despatches brought over by 
Fenton. For first there is such a kind of superintendency of this 
Council set over me, as I do not see how I may henceforth without 
fear enter into consultation much less action of any importance, 
and therefore must forbear to enterprise upon anything more than 
very necessity shall draw me unto. Next, I am restrained for pass- 
ing sundry sorts of grants that are left unto my disposition by my 
patent, and the Lord Chancellor with the seal appointed so to curb 
me, as I am made unable to pleasure friend or servant, so as I shall 
have no man of value to tarry with me or to depend on me. Lastly, 
1 am in such sort barred the benefit of the prerogative upon the 
new composition to be made, as I must either undo myself or imbase 
(lower) the countenance of this place. Intreats a revocation for the 
sake of the service which he can no longer support. Sir V. Browne's 
surveys. The freeholders who have lands mixed with the attainted 
lands will hardly make an exchange with Her Majesty for other 
lands, so are they of this land wedded to their own baubles. I 
must say with the good Emperor Trajan, speaking of the Sicilians 
upon his return from his conquests in Asia, that servitude did con- 
serve the Sicilians, and liberty did destroy them. The like may be 
said I protest of this island people for the general, pp. 1. 

40. Sir E. Waterhous to Burghley. Touching the continuance of 
the boats at Athlone. pp. 2. 

41. Wallop to Burghley. For a quantity of grain to be sent out 
of England, with money to buy beeves, butter, &c. p. 1. 

42. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley explains the way in which he 
became possessed of an interest in the monasteries of Adare, &c. 
which he has delivered up to Mr. Rigges. Desires to be restored to 
Athlone. Copy. pp. 4. 


1586. VOL ' CXXIIL 

[April 18.] 43. Petition of Gregory Rigges to Burghley for Her Majesty's 
letters to the Lord Deputy to pass him the lease of Adare. p. 1. 

April 18. 


44. Mr. Roger Wilbraham to Burghley. The Acts of attainder 
likely to be stayedTy the misnaming of persons. There be some 
lawyers here who having purchased rebels' lands will secretly 
countermine, but they stand upon quicksands and want ground to 
work upon. We find their cunning no less than we were forewarned 
of. Difficulty in obtaining information. His Patent not yet sealed, 
but the Lord Deputy gives him good speeches and in short time 
will remember him. %> ! 

April 18. 45. Brief of Her Majesty's debt in Ireland by Burghley. Remain 
of the debt due at Michaelmas 1585, 31,864?. 8s. Qd. p. 1. 

April 19. 

46. G. Fenton to Burghley. Sorely Boy hath written an humble 
letter to the Lord Deputy not only for pardon, and to come to his 
Lordship to sue for it upon his knees as becometh an offender, but 
also to submit himself to such conditions as shall be imposed upon 
him. It may be he preferreth this offer but of policy to entertain 
time being now reduced to weakness and want of all things, which 
shift in other times both he and his faction have used. " But if he 
come in, which I cannot but believe, for that since my arrival he 
hath had some secret comfort to find grace upon his submission, 1 
doubt not but a good conclusion will ensue to the settling of all 
those stirs in the North." 

" [ am bold to press still the Lord Deputy [Perrot] to this course 
of pacification whereunto I hope he will fully conform himself, 
though inwardly he do little affect it, and apparently some others 
oppose reasons against it, in whom is to be wished, for Her Majesty's 
service sake, more moderate minds." 

Hopes the Lord Deputy will accept of him. p. 1. 

47. Wallop to Burghley as to lands assigned for the maintenance 
of the House of the Lord President of Munster. That Askeaton may 
also be joined thereto, pp. 1^. 

48. Wallop to Burghley. Her Majesty's debts. Her revenue. 
The Auditor Jenyson has been these 8 weeks troubled with the gout. 
Roger Manwaring sick. His account, pp. 2. Incloses, 

48. i. Book of the issuing and defraying of 10,000?., assigned 
by Privy Seal 11 Jan. 1585-6, and of some part of the revenues, 
pp. 19. 

[April.] 49. Copy of the above book. pp. 19. 

April 21. 


April 23. 


April 23. 


April 24. 


50. Sir G. Bowrchier to Burghley, that the land belonging to the 
Fort of Offaly, which Sir Edw. Moore has by a collusive grant, may 
be restored, pp, 2. 

61. Wallop to same. As to 475?. 2s. 

due to Sir G. Carewe. 




April 26. 52. Wallop to Burghley. Quiet state of the country. To begin 
Dublin. with the North, as the only place now of expectation for any action, 
since the death of Alexander M'Sorley Boy M'Donnell, and the 
withdrawing of the bands of soldiers from O'Donnell, O'Cahan, and 
Magwire, or rather their expulsing of them, it seemeth to be all in 
reasonable quiet, which bands, as I conceive, were the greatest cause 
of their late mislike ; when the rest that be upon O'Neill, Claneboy, 
Kilultagh, Culverlin, and Magenis' country shall be likewise 
withdrawn, I suppose for a time they will be quiet. In truth, they 
are not able to bear so many soldiers, especially in such an extreme 
year of dearth and death of cattle, as this is here. O'Neill seemeth 
content with the division of his country so he may have his rent, 
which in this place the Earl of Tyrone promiseth to make him full 
payment of. He is now old, weak, both by infirmities following 
age, and by being ill beloved of his followers, who more respect 
according to their several affections, such as stand in expecta- 
tion to succeed him, than himself, so as necessity enforceth him 
to depend upon Her Majesty for his own safety. Sorley Boy 
M'Donnell has also written that he will be here very shortly and 
submit himself, but I dare not assure it. Both he and his cousin 
Agnus M'Donnell have broken their promises so often in that 
behalf. If he come the peace will be the more honourable for 
Her Majesty, although I make account that what rent or service 
soever they yield pay or do, they will not perform any longer 
than force shall make them. And to conclude with the North, my 
opinion is, there is no dealing with it until Her Majesty shall be 
resolved to fortify or build there. For roads and journeys of the 
Deputy or other governors never leave any mark or sign behind 
them. In my opinion Carrickfergus being left with a convenient 
guard, the rest of the garrisons may be withdrawn from thence to 
places where they may stand in better stead. In Connaught, Sir 
Richard Byngham, about a month since, besieged one Mahon O'Brien, 
called the Bishop's son, a notable thief of long continuance, and 
ever an associate with the rebels of that province, and others near, 
killed him and 14 of his men and razed his castle, which was a 
very good service, the Earl of Clanricarde giving his aid and help. 
O'Rourke standeth upon tickle terms, and some few of the Burkes 
of the county of Mayo are said to be start out. But by such 
direction as the Lord Deputy hath sent they will soon be appeased. 
Sir Richard Byngham seemeth to imagine that their starting out 
is partly procured by such as would seek his disgrace. In Munster 
all is quiet. The Seneschal of Imokilly and Garret M'Thomas 
alias Tonboyreagh of Connelo, stand also still upon their guard, 
refusing to come to the Vice-President, though nothing have been 
attempted against them, whereupon they might alledge cause of 
fear, whereby it seemeth they look and hope for a day, which I 
hope shall be the day of their hanging, for good or true do I never 
look they will be. Leinster is all still, and the ill members thereof 
all much weakened except the O'Mores, who nevertheless use 
their accustomed trades of petty stealths and taking of meat and 


1586 VOL. cxxm. 

drink to the great oppression of the poor people. The Pale poor 
are at present, through the unseasonableness of last year, fallen into 
great dearth and scarcity, which by all likelihood is to be feared 
will increase ; foB*esides that many could not for wet, sow their 
winter corn, and many for want of grain, have been driven to leave 
part of their summer corn unsown, cattle have so perished, as the 
ploughs have been given over by sundry persons ; because their 
ability serveth not to buy either corn or garrans, to continue their 
tillage. God grant that in England it fall out better, from whence 
our only hope of relief is. Thus having as briefly as I could, run 
over the occurrences of the provinces particularly, it resteth only 
for me now to renew a motion, long since made by me, touching the 
commissions for setting and letting Her Majesty's lands, demanding, 
stalling, and remitting Her Majesty's debts and arrearages, in all 
which being brought over by the Lord Deputy, he only is of the 
quorum, whereas ever heretofore there was some joined with the 
governors of the quorum. As yet he hath little dealt in any of 
them, but haply now he would, were he not restrained in some ; but 
if your Lordship please to pardon me, I think as heretofore, it were 
much better that the governors here should have nothing to do 
with those commissions ; for while they are of the commission, 
although others be of the quorum as well as they, yet do they still 
of themselves and most commonly without advice, dispose, grant, 
and determine of all those causes, and having signed the fiants, 
warrants, or other writings, send them to the other commissioners 
to have their hands, of which some for fear of displeasure, and some 
to purchase favour sign them without further consideration, and all 
they well like of, but if any refuse or seem to enter into considera- 
tion of the thing he is frowned upon, and disgraced as much as may 
be. All wardships pass in the like manner. If men of meaner 
calling, well chosen, of honesty and sufficiency were employed 
therein, assuredly it would be much more for Her Majesty's profit 
than now it is, for the Deputy or Governor might at convenient 
set times see into their doings, and by sundry other means they 
might be called to yield reason for the same, but the greatness of 
the Deputies is a cause to make few dare to displease them, and of 
all others this is the haughtiest that ever I saw, and that most 
desireth to deal in all things absolutely and of himself. About 
four years past I once wrote to your Lordship concerning this 
matter and as I remember to the like effect, and never dealt therein 
with any other but with yourself; and as I continue still in the 
same mind, and find daily more reason for my opinion, so do I 
humbly beseech your Lordship if you like not of it, let it be buried 
with yourself. But this I dare boldly affirm, so long as the 
governors shall have authority in those commissions, all things 
that should yield commodity by fines or forfeitures, or are not to 
be disposed for rewards of services upon servitors here shall be 
bestowed upon their men, favourites, and followers, and Her 
Highness reap little commodity by them. The last despatch which 
Mr. Fenton brought over thence, methinketh, hath been very 
unpleasant to the Lord Deputy, for besides that hitherto he hath 


, ~ Q(t VOL. CXXIII. 


done little to the forwarding the instructions sent by him, he is also 
since grown to be more sour than before. His Lordship hath 
always seemed to make light of our travails that were commission- 
ers for the surveying of the lands in Munster, saying it would come 
to little or nothing, but now of late to discredit our service the 
more he hath often spoken it openly, that all we did was by a 
beggarly serjeant and that without him we could have done nothing, 
by whom he meaneth a man who had been under officer for the 
late Earl of Desmond by that name of a serjeant in Connelo, and 
in some other part of the county of Limerick,: the greatest part 
whereof we had surveyed before he came to us ; he was perfect 
and ready to tell us the names of the places and persons who 
had been in rebellion in all those quarters, where his instructions 
indeed furthered greatly our travail and the service, but in the 
counties of Cork, Kerry, Waterford, and [the county of] the Cross * 
of Tipperary he could say nothing. And if he had been as perfect 
in all them as in the other, yet I hope Her Majesty nor your 
Lordship will not be persuaded or judge that the substance of 
all our service and travail consisted only upon his report and 
declaration : neither do I know any reason or cause why his Lord- 
ship should seek to deface our service and our labour, wherein God 
is our witness what we sustained in travel of body and mind, and 
for my part in expense ; and with what sincerity of mind I 
followed it, I wish were thoroughly known to Her Highness and 
your Lordship, unless his nature be such as he envieth any good 
action and can like of nothing but that is done by himself or by 
men of his own appointment, howbeit T hope his disgracing thereof 
being grounded no deeper than so, shall work us nor our travail 
any great discredit, but thereby I may conclude with your Lord- 
ship that it is not likely he will further anything tending to the 
advancement of that service to any great purpose. His man 
Fauntleroy touched with an ague. Has written to William Burton 
his man to attend Burghley for treasure causes, pp. 5. 

[*At this period the present county of Tipperary consisted of the 
county of Tipperary and the county of the Cross of Tipperary ; 
the county of the Cross being supposed to represent the ecclesiastical 
jurisdiction of it The late Mr. John Dalton, author of t/ie A nnals 
of Boyle, <&c., was of opinion that the county of the Cross is now 
comprised in the barony of Middlethird.] 

April 26. 53. Wallop to Burghley. He has purchased Mr. Rigge's interest 
Dublin. in waste lands of the Abbeys of Nenaghe, Negeilaugh, and the 
friaries of Adare. His suit to have the fee-farm thereof, pp. 1. 

April 26. 


54. Loftus to Burghley. Thanks for his grave and fatherly 
advice as to his behaviour towards the Lord Deputy Perrot. The 
state of Ulster continueth as yet to be such as formerly I have 
advertised your Lordship, saving that some expectancy there is (by 
means of the killing of Alexander, the eldest son of Sorley Boy 
M'Donnell, by a late good accident), that Turlough Lynagh O'Neill, 
O'Donnell, and Sorley Boy himself, upon their protections will 


1586 VOL. CXXIII. 

come to Dublin, whereby those dangerous broils may be the better 
pacified, and in the mean season, the soldiers which were banished 
from Turlough Lynagh and O'Donnell, remain cessed in the Eng- 
lish Pale for the Jitter success of that pacification. There is no 
certainty as yet of their repair hither, but some good likelihood 
there is, that Sorley Boy will come, by the procurement of Captain 
William Warren, a gentleman .who wholly dependeth upon me (he 
married Loftus's daughter), who hath had conference with Sorley 
by way of parley, and hath advertised me privately, that in regard 
of some old acquaintance between Sorley and his father, Mr. Hum- 
phrey Warren, in my Lord of Sussex's Government, Sorley hath pro- 
mised upon the Captain's word to come to Dublin with him, both 
to submit himself to Her Majesty, and to accept of very reasonable 
conditions, which promise, if it be performed, I have good hope 

these broils will be quieted According to your Lordship's most 

grave advice immediately upon the arrival of Secretary Fenton, 
with all humility I offered reconciliation to my Lord Deputy, 
who, according to Her Highness's direction, very honourably ac- 
cepted thereof, and upon our agreement (the matter being first made 
known by us both to the whole Council), upon Easter Day we per- 
fected our agreement by communicating together, since which time 
his Lordship hath used me both well and honourably, and I for my 
part have freely remitted all former injuries, and as privately to 
himself, I have already promised, so hereby I protest unto your 
good Lordship, that in all causes (especially concerning Her 
Majesty's service), I will surely join with him as a most faithful 
assistant, and never hereafter give unto him any just cause of 
offence, accounting myself for ever bounden to your good Lordship 
for this good end. pp. 1. 

April 28. 55. Christopher Peyton to Burghley. His dealings with Jenyson. 

BaHfaw* 1 ^ en( ^ s ky the bearer a book of survey of all the attainted and 
escheated lands in the small and great county of Limerick, with 
index at the beginning of the book. His opinion that the inha- 
bited lands should answer to Her Majesty the same rents as they 
did to Desmond, till such time as by the 8th Article of Her 
Majesty's Offers is appointed, p. 1. 

[April 28.] 56. A brief note of the number of acres of escheated land in 
the great and small counties of Limerick and Kerry, 232,379 acres, 
and Cork, Waterford, and Tipperaiy 345,266 acres, and what rent 
they may yield after an easy rate. p. 1. 

April 29. 57. New petitions of the gentlemen of Somersetshire, Dorsetshire, 
Lancashire, and Cheshire, for inhabiting of Munster. pp. 2. 

[April 29.] 58. The new petitions after the publishing of the plot. pp. 2. 

April 30. 59. G. Beverley to Burghley. State of the debt to Thomas 
Dublin. Lynyall for provision of victual at Chester. Commends the dutiful 
affection of Cheshire in forwarding Her Majesty's affairs, pp. 2. 

3. D 


1586 VOL. CXXIII. 

April 30. 60. G. Beverley to Walsyngham. Thomas Lynyall's long suit at 
Dublin. the Court for money. The yarn transported to Manchester, p. 1. 
60. i. G. Beverley to Burghley. Apr. 30. Copy. pp. 1. 

[April 30.] 61. Declaration of Thomas Lynyall to be showed to Burghley 
touching victualling causes. [Last date 1586, Mar. 28.] pp. 2. 


May 4. 1. Sir N. Bagenall to Burghley. The present state of Ulster 
Newry. ministereth me good cause to advertise Her Majesty and your 
Lordship thereof, which eftsoons having done to the Lord Deputy 
here, who, I perceive hath not recommended that which was needful 
therein, I now have despatched my son to the end he may make 
true report, which he would have done twelve months past, if the 
Lord Deputy had not withheld him thence, but I humbly beseech 
your Lordship, that you will intimate to Her Majesty in my behalf, 
that as I have, in times of great rebellions and divisions in other 
places of the realm, kept the people of Ulster continent without any 
extraordinary charge to Her Highness, so did I work Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill and all the rest, simply to come to the Lord Deputy, 
in sort as your Lordship hath heard ; I only was the instrument, 
and what he promised by his letters to Her Majesty and your 
Lordship I caused him to perform, and your Lordship's instructions 
for the urraghs (directed hither by me at my last attendance there), 
namely, that they all should depend upon Her Highness, and utterly 
to be exempted and freed from any of the O'Neills, and even then, 
when opportunity did most fitly present itself, I wished the country 
people in matters of their reformation in that point only to be dealt 
withal, not the Scots any way stirred till Her Majesty's pleasure 
had been thoroughly signified, but so far was my advice from 
taking place in that behalf, that the said urraghs (who then greatly 
desired to depend only of Her Majesty and enjoy the freedom of 
English government) were otherwise converted by authority to 
such as claim them by usurpation, the more ample declaration 
whereof, I refer to the bearer, whose service with mine in general, 
and his in particular in the late action against the Scots (who in 
time of his charge there were utterly banished) I humbly recom- 
mend to your Honor's consideration ; and lastly, do sue to your 
Lordship of your wonted goodness to my son and me for our 
entertainments, whereof you may see how slenderly and unequally 
we have been imprested, otherwise so much would not have been 
due, nor we forced to appeal to your Lordship that now you will 
redress us, and vouchsafe us your favourable letters so as hereafter 
we may be better used. p. ] . 



May 4. 

May 4. 

May 4. 
May 5. 

May 7. 

May 8. 


May 10. 


May 10. 



2. The rents of Connaught and Thomond by the first composition 
anno 1577, and the increase by the late composition, pp. 1. 

3. The state of the victualling office in Ireland. Wheat at 58 
shillings the quarCr. Great death of cattle, p. \. 

4. Copy of the above, p. $. 

5. Names of Sir William Courtney, Sir Valentine Browne, Sir 
William Herbert, Henry Ughtred, John Seymour, William Paulet, 

Edward Unton, John Stroude, Henry Billingsley, Burgoyne, 

Alexander Staple, William Billingsley, Mr. Robert [Billingsley], 
Mr. Kirkby, Walter Lambert, Thomas Browne, Thomas South, and 
Joshua Aylmer, who desire in one consort with the writer Henry 
Ughtred to plant the counties of Connollo and Kerry for 14 whole 
seignories and 8,000 acres, p. 1. 

6. Certificate under the hands of the Earl of Tyrone and Sir 
Edward Moore of the contumelious discourse of Sorleboy M'Donnell 
when they were sent to him in 1584 by the Lord Deputy Perrot, 
namely ; that he never hitherto came in to any Deputy, not so much 
as to the Earl of Sussex, who was much this man's better ; and 
therefore he would not come in to him ; except he might have the 
Earl of Ormond and some others of good account to be pledges for 
him, and that moreover he would know upon what conditions he 
should come in, and would set the same down himself, and have 
assurance of them before he would come in. p. 1. 

7. G. Fenton to Burghley. Relates the proceedings in Parliament, 
and incloses a catalogue of all the Acts authorised from thence to be 
proponed here, of which your Lordship may see how many are 
granted and how many rejected, also copies of the feoffmerii and 
combination, p. 1. Incloses, 

7. I. The Feqffment and entail of Gerald Fitz Gerald, Earl of 
Desmond, by which he makes all his possessions over to James 
Butler, Baron of Dunboyne, and others, to the use of himself, his 
Countess, and heirs. Latin. Copy, with names of the witnesses at 
the several deliveries of seisin. 1574. Sept. 10. pp. 4. 

[For a list of the Acts, see May 14, and for the Combination of 
the Earl of Desmond and his kinsmen and friends, see copies at 
1574, July 18 ; also 1586, May 30, inclosure.] 

8. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley. The Countess of 
Desmond and her poor children like to famish, if Her Majesty do 
not graciously bestow some portion upon her for her relief, p. 1. 

9. Thomas Lynyall to same. The victual for the 1,000 men 
to be transported from Ireland to Flushing. Victual for Ireland. 
Has sent his books into Ireland. Wants money. So it is right 
honorable that Mr. Luson, Vice- Admiral of North Wales, doth by 
his servant here now, provide great store of victuals to the sea, who 
lately victualled hence a bark, and now this is thought to be to 
relieve two men-of-war, as is alleged, arrived in North Wales, a 

D 2 




May 11. 

May 11. 


May 11. 

May 11. 



place lately of great resort of pirates, to the hinderance of intercourse 
of traffic to Ireland and other places. If it might stand with your 
Honour's pleasure that there were some restraint of the same 
victuals, for the provision intended is great, and will do much harm 
in these parts, p. 3 . 

] 0. Council of Ireland to the Privy Council. Commend the good 
and painful service of Sir Henry Bagenall, the bearer, p. 1. 

11. Wallop to Burghley. Recommends the bearer, George Hunte, 
an ancient servitor who has been a valiant soldier. The lease of his 
farm, within three or four miles of Dublin, granted over his head to 
another, p. 1. 

12. Names of those Wingfelds who have charge and have served in 
Ireland, and others who at present serve who pray that considera- 
tion may be had for the placing of them as colonists in Limerick, 
viz., James Wingfeld of Stone, one seignory ; Edward Maria Wing- 
feld of Stoneley, 3,000 acres ; James Maria Wingfeld of Stoneley, 
3,000 acres ; Richard Wingfeld of Stone, 3,000 acres ; Richard 
Wingfeld of Portsmouth, 3,000 acres ; James Wingfeld of Stalorcan ? 
3,000 acres. [Modern copy.] p. . 

13. Note of the protest in Parliament of certain knights and 
burgesses who refused to give their immediate consent to the pass- 
ing of the Acts of Attainder of the Earl of Desmond and others, 
viz. : That, where upon the passing of the several statutes for the 
attainder of the late Earl of Desmond, John Browne, John Burke, 
Edmund Hedien and others, it hath been informed and declared 
unto this Court of Parliament that divers persons who were in 
rebellion with the said Earl in Munster, and divers of their abettors 
and maintainers were entitled to have the benefit of Her Majesty's 
general pardon, for that they submitted themselves upon the first 
proclamation set forth by Her Majesty, and found sureties to be 
dutiful according to the tenour thereof, and that divers others who 
had Her Majesty's pardon under Her Highness' Great Seal, and 
others who were not in action of rebellion, were to receive loss by 
the said several Acts of Attainder ; and where also it was suggested 
unto the said Court that Thomas Earl of Ormond and Ossory was 
to be hindered by the said several Acts of the escheats of Walter 
Burke, John Burke, Edmund Hedien, William O'Meagher, and 
others, named in the said Acts, whose escheats, as it hath been 
alledged, do belong unto the said Earl of Ormond as Lord of the 
Liberty of the County of Tipperary, for that their lands and 
possessions are within the said liberty, and that they were there 
attainted by order of law before the passing of the .said Acts. 
Whereupon the said Court of Parliament were very scrupulous to 
pass the said Acts without provision to be made for help and relief 
of the said points. And yet were they more loth to dash the 
said Acts lest thereby the treasons of the said Earl of Desmond and 
the rest should pass without condign punishment. And the right 
honourable the Lord Deputy Perrot understanding thereof sent Her 


1586. VOL ' CXXIV - 

Majesty's Judges unto the said Court, giving unto them his word, 
as the word of Her Majesty, that every of the said cases should be 
sufficiently provided for, upon which resolution the House proceeded 
and gave consist to the passing of the said Bills of Attainder. In 
witness of the truth hereof the persons underwritten have hereunto 
subscribed their names : King's County : Sir George Bowrchier, 
knight ; Sir Patrick Walshe, knight. County of Dublin : Richard 
Nettervyll, Henry Burnell. East Meath : Richard Barnwall, John 
Nettervyll. Kildare : William Sutton, Thomas Fitzmaurice. West- 
meath: Edward Nugent, Edward Nugent. County of Wexford : 
Matthew Fitzhenry, Robert Caddell. County of Louth : Roger 
Garland, William Moore. County of Kilkenny : Gerald Blanch- 
vild, Robert Rothe. County of Tipperary : James Butler, Redmund 
Everard. Cross of Tipperary : Richard Archbold, Edmund Prender- 
gast. County of Waterford : Richard Ailward, James Sherlock. 
County of Cork : John FitzEdmund Fitzgerald [of Cloyne], William 
Cogan. County of Kerry : John Fitzgerald. County of Ferns ; 
Richard Sinnot. [Burgesses], George Tailor, Recorder of Dublin ; 
Nicholas Ball, Thomas Sarsfield of Cork, John Barnwall, Recorder 
of Drogheda. Galway : Peter Lynche, and Robug French. Kilkenny : 
John Rothe, Elias Shee. Wexford : Patrick Furlong, Patrick 
Talbot. Ross : William Bennett, Jasper Duff. Kinsale : James 
Galway, Philip Roche. Trim : Maurice Hamon. Cashel : 
Denis Conway, Patrick Carny. Fethard : William Naish, David 
Vale. Clonmell : Geoffrey White, John Bray. Thomastown : 
Walter Sherlock, Robert Porter. Naas : James Sherlock. Innis- 
tiogue : David Power, Ro. Archdekon. Atherdee i.e. Ardee : Robert 
Barnwall, John Dowdall. Dangynyches : Thomas Trant, James 
Trant. Callan : Edward Brennan. Indorsed: The names of the 
lords, knights, and burgesses who refused to give their consent to 
the passing of the Acts of Attainder of the Earl of Desmond and 
others, till my Lord Deputy sent the Judges to give his word that 
the Earl of Ormond's right should be saved to such lands as were 
escheated to him in the liberty of Tipperary by the attainder of any 
of those who were named in the Acts. [Probably an inclosure 
in a letter of a later date from the Earl of Ormond, or from his 
man Richard Shee.] 

May 12. 14. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley. Commends bearer, Sir 
Dublin. Henry, son and heir to Sir Nicholas Bagenall, as one most worthy 
to succeed his old father in the office of Marshall. Turlough Lynagh 
and his wife, upon protection, are now attending upon the Lord 
Deputy for justice against the Earl of Tyrone, and chiefly desiring 
restitution of his lands, but for anything I can learn he is like to be 
despatched with great discontentment. I am advertised secretly 
that Sir William Stanley, who lately arrived here, hath brought 
from Her Majesty some special direction in thos"e causes, but my 
Lord Deputy keepeth it secret to himself and as yet deferreth the 
pacification of the North. O'Donnell hath lately committed great 
outrages, having 1,500 men in arms, the most of them Scots; he hath 
already spoiled Sir Hugh O'Dogherty and as many in those parts 




as any way depend upon Her Majesty. And Sorley Boy M'Donnell 
notwithstanding his ifair promises, feigneth an excuse and deferreth 
his coming to my Lord Deputy, and it is now conceived that he will 
not come. pp. 2. 

[May 12.] 15. Plat of Tyrone in the Province of Ulster, including O'Cahan's 
country, Clanbrassill and the Fews, the country of Hugh M'Neill 
More O'Neill. Indorsed by Burghley. 

May 13. 16. Sir Richard Byngham to Burghley. Has been advertised 
Dublin. by Mr. Secretary Fenton that Burghley has spoken of him very 
honourably. There have been certain rumours spread here before 
my coming to Dublin that Connaught was altogether unquiet and 
full of broils and troubles, which reports I fear me are carried into 
England, but I assure you the same have been most untruly reported, 
for Connaught is at this time quieter than the English Pale of 
Ireland, and freer from stealths and robberies. As soon as hawks 
shall be ready you shall hear again from me with the best I can 
provide. It hath been informed me that your Honour thinketh I have 
the house of Roscommon free, but I assure your Lordship it standeth 
me yearly in all sorts well nigh in 300?., for I pay the Queen's rent 
which is 20?. 12s. Qd. sterling, I pay my Lord Deputy 801., I main- 
tain 10 warders, who after Qd. le piece per diem amounteth to 
101?. 5s., a constable after 2s. per diem 367. 10s., a porter after 12c?. 
per diem 18?. 5s., and to the maintenance of young Henry Malbie, 
the heir, 20?. All this I give and am charged withal yearly besides the 
repairing of the house, which has been no small charge to me, for I 
had not a stable to put my horses into but what I built, and I could 
not lie dry in any place of the house till I repaired it. Hereof 
I hope your Lordships of the Council will consider, and for that 
the heir is now come almost to full age I hope your Lordships 
will take such order as I shall not be unprovided of a house to 
reside in. 

May 13. 17. Sir Hugh Magneisse [Magennis] to the Privy Council, by 
Narrow Water. gi r Henry Bagenall, for relief from the burthen of soldiers imposed 
on his country by the Lord Deputy Perrot, contrary to his patent. 
pp. 2. 

[May 14.] 18. The titles of the Acts of Parliament sent from Mr. Attorney. 
[May 14.] 19. The titles of the Acts which are now to pass in Ireland, p. 1 . 

May J 4. 20. A catalogue of English Statutes to be enacted in Ireland. 
pp. 2. 

May 14. 21. Acts, communed on in Ireland to be sent into England. 

[Modern copy. N.B. It is uncertain when this list was made out, 
but it is likely that the paper from whence the above is copied has 
been located at a more appropriate date, and that this is a duplicate.] 
p. I. 


1586. VoL - CXXIV ' 

May 14. 22. Acts passed at the Session of Parliament, 26th April to 14th 
May 1586 ; and those that be dashed, p. 1. 

May 14. 23. Acts handled in the Session of Parliament, 26th April to 
14th May 1586. p. 1. 

May 14. 24. An oration pronounced by Justice Walshe, speaker of the 
Dublin. Commons in the Irish Parliament at the dissolving thereof. Value 
of gratitude. Praise of monarchy. If then the kingly state be of 
all other the best, and that we see the same more firmly established 
with us at this present, than it hath been at any time since the 
conquest of this land, we have great cause to hope that we shall be 
imparted with the blessings which evermore do accompany the same, 
^ut when we shall see that the government of Her Majesty's laws does 
not only confirm that monarchy, but also that it draweth thereunto 
the best parts of the other two (aristocracy and democracy) to the 
universal comfort of all estates, what is there more of earthly felicity 
that can be required ? In this Most High Court of Parliament are 
in meet proportion annexed the Sovereign Majesty of a Prince, the 
honourable Assembly of Peers, as well of them whose wont is with 
sound persuasions to mollify men's minds, as also of others to whom, 
in God, their Prince and country's cause, no travail can seem loath- 
some or be too painful, and lastly a brotherly society of Commons, 
who are called to this Council as interested for the multitude, and 
hereby is wrought the most assurance that can be of holding the 
public wealth in that happy stay, when the Prince willeth only that 
is lawful, the Peers of all sorts have equal authority and none have 
voices but choice persons of the Commons. And herein is also seen 
a just poising of the three estates in such sort as the one seemeth to 
stand against the extremities of the other. 

Where the judge is entertained (paid) by the Prince and not to 
receive aught of any party, there is least provocation to corruption. 
That is performed in this government. Where the bread of justice is 
broken most to the ease of the subjects and at home near their own 
doors there will it be most acceptable and especially to a poor 
nation, and that is performed by this government. And where 
virtue is most exalted, and vice most suppressed, there are you to 
yield highest praise, and that (by the opinion of Mr. Fortescue ; as 
Fortescue, sometime Lord Chancellor of England, writeth in his 
book, entitled, De laudibus legum Anglise) is performed by this 
government. And where the transgressors of law are punished 
most to the satisfaction of all men, and without opinion of cruelty, 
there least inconvenience will ensue that justice. And as Cicero 
said that the laws of the 12 tables did more direct men to live 
well than did all the works of the philosophers, so may I say by our 
laws that they do little less draw men to virtue and withdraw them 
from vice than do the persuasions of preachers ; for that alas ! 
man's frailty is such, that the greater number will be sooner moved 
by the allurements and terrors of this world, than by that is to be 
expected in the world to come, and when some be (by this means) 
brought to the love of virtue, and vice is made hateful to them, 




then are they easily formed to the frame whereunto preachers desire 
to bring them. Bewails that the subjects of this land often want 
the comfort of Her Majesty's personal presence, for who doubteth 
but that the presence of that person, who hath in her hands the 
distribution of reward and punishment can avail much in the 
increasing of virtue and diminishing of vice. 

It may not be denied but that Her Majesty hath with far more 
clemency than vas to be expected by us, respited multitudes of 
them whom Her Highness's justice was to condemn, for as God gave 
her success over her rebellious subjects, so the fury of the rebellion 
being pacified Her Majesty was no less desirous to preserve her 
people than Scipio Africanus Major was to defend his Romans ; who 
was accustomed to say that he wished rather to save one citizen 
than to overthrow a thousand enemies. And it must be acknow- 
ledged that the things accepted by the Queen of us (the escheated 
lands) in this Parliament are of far less value than the smallest 
portion of many of Her Highness's charges defrayed in these 
later times for our benefit, with so motherly a care doth Her 
Highness respect our disabilities. Yet is it evident enough that 
the beams of her bounty and grace do not yield so comfortable a 
heat here as they do nearer unto Her Highness' person. In which 
respect it is most necessary for us, that your Lordship (the Lord 
Deputy) do continually relate our sores, and that this land be 
not henceforward, as it was termed of old, an instrument without a 
sounding board. No love to leave (avoid) toil, no frownings nor dis- 
likes, no respect of private profit, no cause of your own whatsoever, 
is to withdraw you from sounding of " these blasts," neither are 
you to shrill your voice the less for any omissions supposed on 
our behalf. By your Lordship is Her Majesty to understand how 
necessary it is for this realm that the youth thereof be brought 
up in good literature. By your Lordship are the learned of all 
sorts to be cherished, and those in especial who have learned the 
science which King Agesilaus called the best of all other, to wit, 
to command and to obey. And by your Lordship are they to be 
advanced that have been found great furtherers of this government. 
It will be necessary for us that Her Majesty have a continual 
care of our government for the increasing whereof it will be most 
requisite, that we be careful in doing and performing of our own 

It is far from my meaning to carp at the people or to rub 
their sores after that they are " implaystered and recured " with 
the clemency of Her Majesty. But as herein I desire to better 
the whole government so, if God grant it due growth, they are 
assured to gather a great part of the fruit thereof. Our duties to 
Her Majesty will consist in our obedience and faithful benevolence 
unto Her Highness. Wherein by reason of our former omissions, 
our endeavour ought to be with far the more diligence, like the 
crooked rod, which to be straightened must be wried more than 
indifferently on the other side. I will not rest to prove that this 
obedience and benevolence are due from us, neither are the outward 
shows of obedience nor the external badges of benevolence to be 


1586. - CXXIV " 

omitted. Yet must we make known that ours is a willing obedience, 
and that our benevolence comes from the heart. Thus is the 
burden more heavily laid upon us than upon other subjects, because 
it will not sufli^p for us, as it should for them, to perform our 
duties herein, unless therewithall the intention of our wills be 
manifested. The poet, Horace, write th, " whatsoever is under 
" Heaven will be brought to light in time," and so, inasmuch as time, 
the mother of truth, will easily decipher the disposition of her 
daughter, Christian charity wisheth that the people be reputed as 
they seem until the contrary effects do appear, and if the earnest 
and faithful service of divers of them be regarded, or the general 
conformity of them all at this present be considered, it shall be 
found reasonable that a good opinion be conceived of the people, 
and that the whole community bear not the infamy deserved by 
certain special persons. And forasmuch as we are taught by the 
divines not to commend of faith without good works nor to like of 
the tree that beareth not good fruit, our Commons do promise 
to endeavour by their works to make their wills known. And, 
as some testimony thereof, they have in this Parliament most 
willingly consented to attaint and stain in blood Her Majesty's 
disloyal subjects and to imbar the succession of their traitorous 
lines to the end that the memory of their names may be quite 
extinguished. And they do most humbly beseech Her Majesty and 
your Lordship to plant such other " Impes " in their stead, as may 
yield good and seasonable fruit to the comfort of us and of our 
posterities. They are also humble suitors unto your Lordship that 
as Her Majesty being the head of this politic body (and in that 
respect alike allied to all) doth bear an indifferent hand over the 
parts, so likewise your Lordship (carrying Her Highness' person and 
authority over us), do accept in the same sort, of us, without any 
differences or distinctions of persons, but only as their merits are to 
lead you. Neither are the subjects at any time to be discouraged 
if they shall see the lesser merit advanced and the greater not 
commended, considering that though the sun shineth alike toward all 
houses, yet do the beams thereof give most glistering light and yield 
most comfortable heat where are the largest windows. An ancient 
servitor of King Lewis of France bemoaned his hard fortune unto the 
King that he (among many of less time and merit) remained un- 
recompensed. The King endeavouring to prove that this was with- 
out his default had prepared two caskets of like fashion and weight, 
whereof the one was filled with gold and the other with lead, and 
bad his servant to make choice of one of them. The unfortunate old 
man hit upon that of lead, and yet the King (to make known that 
his bounty exceeded the other's misfortune) bestowed upon him also 
that of gold. Even so although the subjects of this land are to 
bear it with patience, when they see themselves overhipped, yet do 
they pray your Lordship to respect their service, and not to permit 
their reward to rest upon the slowness of their fortune, and they 
desire your Lordship to consider that lamps cannot give light that 
are not maintained with oiL And they do promise to run this race 



1586. VOL - CXXIV " 

the faster if they may see the best prizes prepared for the best 
runners, and those to be turned off who are seen to have tripped 
their fellow runners. [In this speech the use of the word " Impes " 
reminds us forcibly of the Irish ]ivp]b a scion, twig, although we 
must not lose sight of the Anglo Saxon impan to graft.] pp. 7%. 

May 15. 25. Act of Composition for 2,100?. sterling, to be yearly answered 
Dublin Castle, to Her Majesty by the Pale in lieu of cess. [See another copy of 
this in Fenton's letter of 1587, Sept. 4, which incloses Division 
of the sum upon the several counties.'] Copy. pp. 3. 

May 15. 


May 15. 


May 15. 


May 16. 

26. Wallop to Burghley. He is not able to imprest more than 
500?. to Sir William Stanley. Wallop is forced to lay his plate to 
gage for money to defray his private expenses, p. 1. 

27. Sir W. Stanley to same. The widow of John Thickpenny 
to have favourable despatch of her suits for payment. Two of 
her sons slain in Her Majesty's service, the other one is yet under 
the leading of Sir W. Stanley. The rest of her poor children. 
p. 1. 

28. Sir W. Stanley to same, in behalf of the bearer, Hugh 
Greatrakes, late serving in the victualling causes in Munster under 
John Thickpenny. p. 1. 

29. Indenture between the Lord Deputy Perrot and the Council of 
Ireland and Agnus M'Donnell of Dunnavaigh, witnessing that in re- 
spect of the humble suit made unto the Queen's Excellency and to 
the Lord Deputy and Council by the Lady Agnes Campbell, wife of 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill and the said Angus, her son, and in regard 
of the humble submission and unfeigned protestation made by the 
said Angus of his assured loyalty and fidelity to Her Majesty, as also 
of his undoubted performance of all services and other good duties 
as shall from time to time appertain for the lands and possessions 
now intended to be granted unto him by Her Majesty, and in con- 
sideration that the Queen's Highness, and we the said Lord Deputy 
and Council are assuredly persuaded that the said Agnus will from 
henceforth show himself dutiful and ready to perform all good 
offices of allegiance and thankfulness for this Her Majesty's great 
bounty and gracious favour ; the said Lord Deputy and Council do 
promise and grant that the said Agnus M'Donnell shall have to him 
and his heirs male by letters patent under the Great Seal of Ireland 
all the castles, baronies, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, 
woods, waters, liberties, and hereditaments, with the appurtenances, 
called or reputed Mysset alias Bissett's lands, so much thereof as 
were the possessions of the said Agnus within the glynns in the 
province of Ulster. Provided if it shall be found that the castle 
of Olderfleet is parcel of the premises, that then the Queen's 
Majesty, her heirs and successors, shall have at her and their free 
disposition the said castle with all lands, tenements, and heredita- 
ments thereunto belonging. To have and to hold the said premises 


, , Q , VOL. CXXIV. 


in manner aforesaid unto the said Agnus and his heirs male of Her 
Majesty as in right of her crown by the services of homage, fealty, 
and two knights' fees, and upon condition that the said Agnus 
shall perform tb^ articles, promises, and agreements following : 
FIRST, the said Agnus doth faithfully promise and agree with the 
Queen's most Excellent Majesty, that neither he nor any of his 
servants, tenants, or followers of this realm, dwelling upon any the 
territories or lands comprised in these indentures shall serve within 
this realm of Ireland any foreign prince or potentate or any other 
person against Her Majesty, her heirs or successors, or any other 
Her Majesty's loyal subjects, without the special license of the 
Queen or the Governor or Governors of this realm for the time 
being. ITEM, that the said Agnus shall do his best endeavour that 
no Scots under him, whom he may command, do hinder, annoy, or 
disquiet the peace of this realm, or serve against Her Majesty in 
this realm, except it be when open proclamation of war shall happen 
to be made between England and Scotland. ITEM, that neither he 
nor his said heirs shall keep or retain any Scots above the number 
of thirty within this realm, other than be the natives of Ireland 
without license of the Governor of the realm for the time being. 
And that he shall book all such men as shall dwell in his said 
territories now granted, and from time to time answer for their 
good behaviour, and being conveniently required shall deliver the 
book of their names and of the qualities of the persons so booked 
unto the Marshall of Her Majesty's garrisons in Ireland, or to any 
other that the Governor of this realm shall appoint. And shall 
keep none upon the said lands but such as he shall so book and 
answer for. ITEM, that the said Agnus and his said heirs shall 
serve Her Majesty with a rising out of four score able footmen 
within the province of Ulster, the same to be victualled and 
weaponed at his and their own charges as often and for so long 
time as other the inhabitants of the said province shall be com- 
manded to serve by the Governor of the realm or the Governor of 
the province of Ulster "for the time being. ITEM, that neither he 
nor his said heirs, nor any his or their tenants, followers, or servants 
dwelling upon the lands now mentioned to be granted to him shall 
unlawfully intermeddle with any his borderers in Ulster otherwise 
than justice shall allow, and shall give and receive such measure of 
justice as every good subject ought to do. ITEM, that he the said 
Agnus and his said heirs shall for ever pay to Her Majesty, her heirs 
and successors, a yearly rent of three score good fat and large 
beeves, to be delivered at Carrickfergus to Her Majesty's use, at any 
time betwixt Lammas and Hallo wtide (August 1st to November 1st), 
to such person as the Governor of the realm shall appoint to 
receive the same. ITEM, that the said Agnus and his said heirs, 
tenants, servants, and followers dwelling upon the said lands shall 
always serve Her Majesty, her heirs and successors, against any 
rebel or enemy who shall attempt openly to invade or disquiet Her 
Majesty's people of this her realm of Ireland, except against Scots 
in time when open proclamation of war is made between England 




May 17. 



and Scotland, and that neither he nor his heirs shall alien or convey 
away any parcel of the lands or hereditaments afore specified 
without license in writing of the Governor for the time being, 
first obtained under the Great Seal, except leases for three lives or 
21 years. ITEM, that he and his heirs shall yearly preserve and 
give to Her Majesty one eyry of the best hawks, either goshawks or 
falcons, which shall breed in any part of the presmies now to be 
granted, the same yearly to be sent in safety to the Governor of 
the realm for the time being. FINALLY, the said Agnus acknow- 
ledging himself highly bound unto Her Majesty for this her gracious 
favour and princely benevolence, doth assuredly promise and pro- 
test to Her Majesty, that in respect of this her great bounty that 
he shall use and behave himself at all times dutifully and faithfully 
to Her Majesty for the same lands, and perform for the same all 
good duties and offices of allegiance as other faithful subjects to 
Her Majesty do, except in the time of open proclamation of war 
between England and Scotland. And that the said Agnus shall 
from time to time deliver in such sufficient pledge or pledges for the 
true performance of all these articles as the Lord Deputy shall 
require. Signed by the Lord Deputy, Sir John Perrot, Adam 
Loftus, Archbishop of Dublin, Thomas, Bishop of Meath, John, 
Bishop of Kilmore, Sir Henry Wallop, Sir Rob. Dillon, Sir Lucas 
Dillon, R. Gardener, Sir Richard Byngham, Sir Nicholas White, 
Sir Thomas Le Strange, Sir Edward Waterhous, and Geoffrey 
Fenton. Copy. pp. 3. 

30. Wallop to Burghley for repayment of 100Z. to the Lady Malbie 
now departing into England, p. 1. 

May 17. 31. G. Beverley to Burghley. Touching Her Majesty's loss by 
Dublin. victualling and the need of money to imprest the bands which 
victual themselves, p. 1. 

May 17. 


May 18. 


32. G. Beverley to Walsyngham. The gentlemen and landlords 
seem to be incensed that their cattle will all die, if they should come 
to feed on ground where woad hath grown, which opinion Mr. 
Andrewes has answered with better reason than they had cause to 
suspect. It is better to grant license to sundry men of ability 
to travail in the making of woad at a yearly rent, rather than to 
compass the whole by few hands. Generally the moisture of this 
realm is most doubted. If no other money should be granted towards 
the growing charges in this realm, yet great necessity requireth a 
sum for the victualling towards the satisfaction of the debt and to 
serve the soldiers' great need. Incloses, 

32. i. G. Beverley to Burghley. Copy. 1586. May 17. p. I. 

33. The Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Burghley in favour of the 
bearer, Lady Malbie, to have her causes determined in England, p. 1. 

May 18. 34. Auditor T. Jenyson to Burghley on the causes of the Lady 

Dublin Castle. Malbie. p. 1. 





May 19. 35. Wallop to Burghley. The Lady Malbie going to solicit the 
Dublin. causes of her son-in-law Mr. Anthony Brabazon. Nothing done in 
Brabazon's causes. His honesty and expenses, p. 1. 

May 20. 36. The plot*^" Her Majesty's offer touching the peopling of 
Munster. The gentleman that will undertake the having so much 
ground as is contained in any those divisions, must undertake 
therewith the peopling of the same with families convenient ac- 
cording to this proportion to be performed in .... years, viz., to 
a seignory that doth contain in ground 12,000 acres. The gentleman 
for his demesne, 2,100 acres, one family. Six farmers each 400 acres, 
2,400 acres, six families. Six freeholders each 300 acres, 1,800 acres, 
six families. Forty-two copyholders each 100 acres, 4,200 acres, 42 
families. Land to be apportioned for mean tenures of 50 acres, 25 
acres, and 10 acres, whereof must be established 36 families at the 
least, or more at the discretion of the undertakers, and those numbers 
supplied to dispose of the overplus amongst the farmers or free- 
holders, or to the increase of inhabitants at their pleasures, 1,500 
acres, 36 families. Total, 91 families. 

To a seignory containing 8,000 acres. The gentleman for a 
demesne, 1,400 acres, one family. Four farmers each 400 acres, 
1,600 acres, four families. Four freeholders each 300 acres, 1,200 
acres, four families. Twenty and eight copyholders each 100 acres, 
2,800 acres, 28 families. Lands to be apportioned as before whereof 
must be established 24 families at least ; 1,000 acres, 24 families. 
Total, 61 families. 

To a seignory containing 6,000 acres. The gentleman for a 
demesne, 1,050 acres, one family. Three farmers each 400 acres, 1,200 
acres, three families. Three freeholders each 300 acres, 900 acres, 
three families. One and twenty copyholders each 100 acres, 2,100 
acres, 21 families. Lands to be apportioned as before whereof must 
be established 18 families at least ; 750 acres, 18 families. Total, 46 

To a seignory containing 4,000 acres. The gentleman for a 
demense, 700 acres, one family. Two farmers each 400 acres, 800 
acres, two families. Two freeholders each 300 acres, 600 acres, two 
families. Fourteen copyholders each 100 acres, J,400 acres, 14 
families. Lands to be apportioned as before for mean tenures 
whereof must be established 1.2 families, 500 acres, 12 families. 
Total, 31 families. Memorandum. Her Majesty's pleasure and plain 
intention is, that these acres shall be accounted after 16 feet to the 
pole or lugg, after the measure of England. Indorsed by Burghley. 
The allotment of seignories of 12,000, 8,000, 6,000, and 4,000 acres 
in Munster. 1 sheet. 

May 21. 


37. Hugh, Earl of Tirone, to Burghley. Thanks for payment of 
money to Henry Hovenden. Judgment of him to be suspended till 
he may repair over. [Autograph.] p. 1. 

May 22. 38. Act by the Lord Deputy and Council for continuing the 
Dublin Castle, several governments of Turlagh Lynagh O'Neill, the Earl of 




May 24. 

May 27. 

May 27. 

May 28. 


May 28. 


May 30. 



Tyrone, and Sir N. Bagenall, in Ulster, notwithstanding Her Ma- 
jesty's will to have the forces there withdrawn. Copy. p. 1. 

38A and 39. Two more copies of the above, p. 1. p. 1. 

40. Mr. Jaques Wingfeld of Stone and others to Burghley, to 
have consideration for the placing of them with other colonies in 
Munster, and to allot to them for their share the manors of New- 
castle, Shannet, and Donmolin, which lie jointly together, and con- 
tain 39,711 acres. The said manors to be apportioned as follows : 
Jaques Wingfeld of Stone, 1,200 acres ; Edward Maria Wingfeld of 
Stoneley, 4,000 acres ; Thomas Maria Wingfeld of Stoneley, 4,000 
acres ; .Richard Wingfeld of Stone, 4,000 acres ; Thomas Wingfeld 
of Stone, 4,000 acres ; Richard Wingfeld of Portsmouth, 4,000 acres ; 
John Wingfeld of Eresby, 4,000 acres ; Anthony Wingfeld of 
Temple Bruer, 711 acres. Most of these Wingfeld s have had charge 
in Ireland, and at this present with others of that name and kindred 
serve in the said realm and in the Low Countries, p. 1. 

41. The rates of 47 seignories in the counties of Cork, Kerry, 
Limerick, Waterford, Tipperary, and Connilough, viz., the several 
rates upon an acre, and of a seignory in each county. The rate of 
Id. q. iij part of a q. [that is, one penny farthing and the third part 
of a farthing] on the acre, which is 661. 13s. 4cZ. on the seignory in 
Cork, Waterford, and Tipperary. The rate of 2^d. the acre, which 
is 125?., the seignory in Limerick. The rate of 3d. the acre, which 
is 150?. the seignory in Connilough. The rate of 4c?. the acre, 
which is 200?., the seignory in Kerry. In Cork there were 
24 seignories, in Waterford 2, in Tipperary 1, in Limerick 3, in 
Connilo, 1 1, in Kerry 4 ; also the rents of the lands in each 
county, according to the survey. The rents of the seignories was 
4,840Z. 3s. 5c?., and by the survey 4,692?. 3s. 2d., so the rent of 
the seignories exceeded the rent of the survey by 148?. Os. 3d. p. 1. 

42. The new rates upon the seignories in Limerick, Connollo, 
Kerry, &c. p. 1. 

43. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley, for a means to be taken for the 
payment of 899?. 10s. 9-|c?. Irish, due to soldiers who served under 
Sir Henry Ratcliffe, now Earl of Sussex. The late John Cusack's 
interest therein, pp. 1. 

44. Wallop to Walsyngham on the same subject, p. 1J. 

45. Wallop to Burghley. Renews his suit for Athlone, the 
frieries of Adare, abbeys of Nenaughe and Neigilaughe, &c. Her 
Majesty's gracious message by Fenton. To transport grain from 
Southampton, pp. 2. Sends, 

45. i. Note of such quillets or small parcels of land as Sir Henry 
Wallop desires to have in fee-farm. Sent 1586, May 30. pp. 3. 



1586. VOL - CXXIV ' 

May 30. 46. Wallop to Burghley. For payment of 280?. to Mr. Roger 
Dublin. Pope, whereof 200?. paid to Sir W. Stanley, who is levying soldiers 
for the Low Countries, p. 1. 

May 30. 47. Wallop to Burghley. I hold it superfluous to advertise your 
Dublin. Lordship of our proceedings in the Parliament, knowing that from 
the Lord Deputy you shall be fully informed what Acts have 
passed, and how many have been rejected, yet think it not im- 
pertinent to acquaint your Lordship that by reason of a feoffment 
showed in the Parliament House, made by the late Earl of Des- 
mond, to the use of his son, with certain other remainders bearing 
date the 10th of Sept. 1574, and his pardon in like manner showed 
and dated the first of October next following ; the Act for his 
attainder would hardly have passed the Lower House without 
especial proviso (which here we could not make), for the validity 
of the said feoffment for that one John Fitz Edmund Fitzgerald 
of Cloyne, then being of the Parliament House, and one of the 
feoffees (the other feoffees are the Lord of Dunboyne and the Lord 
Power), alleged the feoffment to have been made bond fide, and 
without collusion, which drew most of the House to have great 
regard thereof, until I produced and showed forth in the House 
a combination of treason, dated the 18th of July 1574, signed 
by Desmond himself, the Lord of Lixnaw, Sir John of Desmond, 
the afore-named John Fitz Edmund, and many others, as by the 
copy of the same, which herewith I send your Lordship, may 
appear ; which combination I have long kept in store to meet 
with the said feoffment, and found the same in the Earl's house of 
Askeaton, when it was first taken by Sir William Pelham in April 
1580, the charge thereof being then committed to me and my band 
of footmen. This combination (bearing date before the feoffment, 
and the feoffee that spake therein being one of the conspirators), 
being read in the House, and he not able to deny his hand to 
be to it, presently caused the House to conceive very hardly of 
him, and also without further delay to pass the bill, which other- 
wise in respect of the feoffment aforesaid, I believe, verily, they 
would not have done until another Parliament. Thus much, I am 
sure, any that was of the House will confess. (The said feoffee hath 
a good pension from Her Majesty, and already hath a warrant 
for a good quantity of land, to be passed unto him from Her 

Touching the present state of the North, having joined with the 
Lord Deputy in the rectifying thereof, I think it needless again to 
trouble you therewith. Since the date of which letters, we are 
certainly advertised that Sorley Boy M'Donnell is coming hither, 
who I hope shall be so dealt withal, as there shall fall out no 
danger of trouble in those parts for this year. O'Donnell hath 
sent word by his chief counsellor, Sir Owen O'Tool, that he will 
come presently hither, which is expected, and I verily think he 
will perform. 

Touching the province of Connaught, all is there now quieted, 


, .0* VOL. CXXIV. 


and the captainry of M'William extinguished, and the land divided 
amongst the principal men of that sept. O'Rourk is not yet de- 
parted from this place, with whom there is as much done, both by 
pledges and otherwise, as may be, to keep him within the bounds of 
duty, which he promises, but as I think will no longer perform 
than opportunity shall serve him to the contrary. He is a proud 
beggar, and one of the worst disposed men of this land, in my 
judgment. Of himself he is but of small force, but lieth aptly to 
draw in Scots. 

For Munster, all is there for the present quiet, and Tonboyreagh 
of Connello, alias Gerald M'Thomas (one of the doubtful men, of 
whom I formerly wrote unto your Lordship) is slain, in the county 
of Tipperary, by one John Butler, brother to the Lord Mount- 
garret, and other the inhabitants of that country, who found him 
stealing of cows, having but few persons in his- company, who fled 
from him, and he, trusting to his manhood, lost his life. He is 
happily gone, for that he was a principal rebel, and dangerous 

The seneschal also of Imokilly [John Fitz Edmund Fitzgerald], 
hath been lately here, upon some word of assurance, as I learn, he 
promiseth to be dutiful, but thereof no warrant is. He expecteth 
forces to arrive in those parts, from Spain, and so doth over mnny 
in this land as well as he. But I account him the most dangerous 
man that is left in that province, and one that hath more intelli- 
gence from Spain than any one in those parts. 

In Leinster also, all is in quiet, and Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne 
(who, since the breaking out of his son who was his pledge, and 
with him the pledges of Ulster, stood very doubtful, and upon his 
guard), came in hither twenty days past upon my word, and the 
Lord Deputy hath now newly pardoned him ; he promiseth also to 
be a new man, and yesternight sent hither six thieves' heads, which 
in my opinion, he did rather to get at liberty his own brother, and 
also his wife's (who were taken with some of the Northern pledges 
that brake out of the castle), than for any inward desire he hath 
to do thieves any harm. Of him I think as of the rest, that he 
waiteth but for opportunity to do what mischief he shall be able. 
If he might be cleanly cut off, it were a happy thing for the State. 
There is not so lewd a one to rise up in his place, so as by that 
means that captainry might extinguish. 

Wallop has been earnestly pressed by Auditor Jenyson to move 
Burghley in his behalf for the payment unto his wife of 140Z. 8s. 
sterling, due unto him by a bill of Wallop's hand dated the 26th 
of July 1585 ; the money to be charged upon Wallop in his account. 
pp. 3. Incloses, 

47. i. Combination of the Earl of Desmond and his kinsmen 
and friends to withstand the Lord Deputy's force, and not to yield 
to the Articles of July 8, dated 1574 July 18, and found by Sir 
H. Wallop in the house of Askeaton in April 1580. {Signed by 
the Earl of Desmond himself, the Lord of Lixnaw, Sir John of 


1586. ' CXXIV ' 

Desmond, John Fitz Edmund Fitzgerald, Seneschal of Imokilly, 
John Fitz Edmund Fitzgerald of Cloyne, and many others. Printed 
in Morrin's Calendar of Patent and Close Rolls, Vol. II., p. 109 ; 
also in Cox I^>5. The names are not copied in the same order in 
all the copies.] Copy. p. 1. 

[May 30.] 48. Copy of the entail made 16 Jan., 16 Edward III. by the 
ancestor of the late Earl of Desmond. Also copy of a letter, 
whereby Dungarvan was entailed to the late Earl of Desmond, and 
so escheated to Her Majesty, p. 1. 

[May 30.] 49. Sir Warhame. Sent Leger's note of things to be enquired of 
in Ireland for Her Majesty's service. Barry Oge's claim to certain 
lands belonging to Desmond. The Decies claimed by the Viscount 
Decies. The fair entail of the Decies to Desmond, pp. 1. 

May 31. 50. Wallop to Burghley. Answer to Burghley 's of April 16 and 
Baggetrathe. 19. Arrearages. Thanks Burghley for answering Her Majesty 
that he had not been the cause of the extraordinary charges. 
Revenue. Increase of rents in Connaught. Extreme want of money 
and victual. Prays to have license to repair to England with his 
account, and be spared the charge of the Justiceship, pp. 6. Incloses, 

50. I. Note of arrearages due to Her Majesty, being 18,5751. 
16s. 2c Irish, by sundry persons, who have obtained several 
tolerations for the same. pp. 3. 1586. May 30. 

50. II. Brief of the state of the clear remain of Her Majesty's 
revenues, impost, compositions, &c., received by the space of 5^ 
years, ended Sept. 1584. pp. 3. 1586. May 30. 

May 31. 51. Wallop to Burghley, The bearer, Gregory Cole, has a bill of 
Dublin. IQQl. 3 S> Qd f received from Sir N. White in concordatums and bills, 
and to be paid on showing this letter, p. 1. 

May 31. 52. Wallop to Burghley for payment of 60Z. received of John 
Dublin. Weedon, factor to Mr. Oliver Roe. p. 1. 

May 26 & 31. 53. Wallop to Walsyngham. For answer to your favourable 
Dublin. letter of the 19th of April last, part whereof was in cipher, the 
Archbishop of Dublin, Loftus, told me himself that the Lord of 
Delvin delivered to him the message from the Lord Treasurer, that 
there was a full resolution that Sir John Perrot should be removed, 
although then the time not certain. The like from his mouth I 
have had by others, and Sir William Stanley told some of his friends 
here that by the end of July he shall be revoked, and that no man 
hath like access or credit with Her Majesty as the Earl of Ormond, 
whereat the Archbishop seemed much to rejoice. What is true 
herein your Honour can best discern, but if it fall out that Sir John 
Perrot shall be shortly revoked, I most humbly beseech you to be a 
means that I may have nothing to do with the government in any 
sort. The Archbishop Loftus is so linked here as he hath over 
many friends to please and to deal uprightly, how great partiality he 
hath lately showed in causes of the Marshall's I suppose by Sir 


1586. ' CXXIV ' 

John Perrot you shall be advertised, and he the only procurer of a 
letter of singular commendation of Sir H. Bagenall who for some 
things therein mentioned and especially for his service in the North 
deserveth not the same, neither is there otherwise in him half so 
much as by the said letter is alledged, neither hath he that I know, 
ever lost his blood in Her Majesty's service. My opinion of the man, 
and how I was in October last drawn to sign a letter to your 
Honour in his behalf, I lately wrote unto you. Besides the general 
letter signed by many to the Privy Council in his hehalf, he hath 
private letters to the Lord Treasurer and Mr. Vice-Chamberlain 
from Archbishop Loffcus to be made a councillor, whereof I thought 
good to give your Honour notice and so leave it to your further 

By a letter to me from the Lord Treasurer Burghley of the 19th 
of April he writeth these words, videlicet : Where you write by 
yours of the 9th of March that you hope by the end of August to 
be at home with your account which I wish, but think for some 
respects, as the time is you cannot be licensed so to do, although I 
wish you might be spared from thence. Which words make me 
somewhat suspect that I may be used as a stop-gap, from which 
if you defend me not, I have no hope but in the malice of the Earl 
of Ormond, if his credit be so good as is alledged. 

Sir John Perrot in words and outward show seemeth most 
desirous to leave Ireland, but inwardly meaneth it not, as is most 
apparent, and partly will appear to you by a letter which by the 
help of Sir Lucas Dillon and Sir Nicholas White he hath procured 
the Lords here to write in his commendation. 

O'Rourke hath here complained of hard dealing used to him by 
Sir Richard Byngham, wherein Sir Richard hath so sufficiently 
discharged himself as all indifferent hearers have thought the accusa- 
tion rather to proceed of subornation or malice than just matter. 
Francis Barkley and Tibbot Dillon have been over much counte- 
nanced by Sir John Perrot against Sir Richard in Connaught, 
whose lewd practices he hath, so plainly discovered before the 
[Council] table as all who heard it are or might be fully satisfied 
that they have most lewdly practised and dealt with him. Mr. 
Barkley confessed his fault, Dillon's cause is not yet fully ended, 
but to his shame will be, he is a most lewd fellow and so long since 
I advertised your Honour, he pretendeth to be your man ; if your 
Honour knew him thoroughly and his conditions, I am sure you 
would soon discharge him, but your service is the pretended ground 
that the Lord Deputy so much countenanceth him against Sir 
Richard Bingham, but I think rather it is for the evil will he 
beareth to Sir Richard. For if the respect of you were the cause 
he doth well know you esteem Sir Richard more than a hundred 
such as Dillon is, but truly it is his nature to envy every man of 
virtue or valour, and to cross every honest man, and sure so far as 
I can see he loveth no man of our nation. He useth Sir Lucas 
Dillon and Sir Nicholas White best, for that their humors are 
plausible and they soothe most things (assuredly White underhand 



1586. VOL ' CXXIV ' 

discovereth as much as he can learn to the Earl of Ormond and 
so I think to the Lord Burghley) but good he hath done them none, 
nor ever will to any except his own men with the Queen's things, 
who have all,^ ja and as I think more, than he may well grant. 
I doubt not but Sir Richard Byngham doth more at large advertise 
you how he is dealt with in Connaught, which maketh me the 
shorter. Surely Sir, Mr. [Robert] Gardener, showeth himself both 
wise, learned, and hitherto upright and stout ; if he continue so, 
Her Majesty shall have a special servant of him, but hitherto the 
Lord Deputy hath not signed his patent for his office, which as some 
think he stayeth hoping yet by some letters he hath written to 
have that place for Mr. Walshe now second Justice there, a man 
every way far inferior to Mr. Gardener. One such man more 
as Mr. Gardener showeth hitherto to be, to be sent hither might do 
Her Majesty great service and much increase her revenue. Partly 
i/n, cipher, pp. 3. 

May 31. 54. Wallop to Burghley. Copy of No. 50. pp. 6. 

55. Note of arrearages remitted May 30. Copy of No. 50. I. 
pp. 3. 

May 26 & 31. 56. Walsyngham's extract of the above, No. 53. pp. 2. 


May 31. 




57. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. Mrs. Blanche. 
Howsoever the Deputy's ways are misliked of Her Majesty, God doth 
marvellously prosper his proceedings with peace and a ready repair 
to him of the Irishry from all parts, p. 1. 

58. Sir Richard Byngham to Burghley. I have been advertised 
by Mr. Secretary Fenton of the good opinion your Lordship has 
conceived of me, and of the honourable speeches it hath pleased the 
same to deliver in my behalf. For which and for all other your 
former favours I thank you, and do in like manner beseech 
your good Lordship for the continuance thereof towards me, for 
which I shall ever rest most serviceable at your Honour's command- 
ment. There have been of late some small stirs raised by the loose 
Burkes in the county of Mayo, which (as the same began without 
any just cause, other than a mutinous hatred they bear against the 
good course, brought in among them, being also animated thereunto 
by men English and Englished such as were ill advised and badly 
affected towards me, so I have carried myself in the correction 
thereof somewhat more severe than otherwise I would have done, if 
they had been moved to stir by any just occasion given them. I 
know not what informations may be sent to your Lordships into Eng- 
land of the state of the said province, but commonly in these parts a 
little fire breedeth a great quantity of smoke, and some good friends 
I have here which will not stick, I trust, to say the worst, but I 
assure your Honour, however things shall be informed there to the 
contrary ; the state of the province standeth on very good and quiet 
terms, and never in more better sort, and so I hope the same shall 
continue, if I may be suffered to have the execution of my charge 

E 2 


. K Q p VOL. CXXIV. 


fully as I ought, and that O'Rourke, Sir Morough Ne Doe 
[O'Flaherty] and such like may not supportingly be borne out 
against me. 

I have lately surprised and razed a castle of Mahon O'Brien's in 
Thomond, and put himself and his men to the sword, being the 
worst men (when they lived) in all Thomond, and he himself the 
most dangerous practiser with foreign enemies in all this land. The 
castle was called Clonowan, and was kept by them against Her 
Majesty. I have also razed three other strong castles in the county 
of Mayo, two of the which were kept against Her Highness by 
the Burkes of those parts. And I have caused three of the said 
Burkes to be executed, who were men of great account among the 
bad affected. They are in mine opinion the best despatched men 
that were hanged in those parts these many years. At the siege of 
Castle ne Callye, in the county of Mayo, I had not so good 
success as at the other in Thomond, for the traitors escaped out 
of it, but since that time they have submitted themselves, and 
craved pardon, which (that all things may be carried in that 
peaceable course that Her Majesty and your Lordships expect) is 
granted them. 

Touching the composition rent, I find so many imperfections in 
the same as I cannot assure the said rent to continue. For some 
quarters of land in the country are very little, and yet as deeply 
charged as other larger quarters are. Again, the Queen's tenants, 
and such as hold spiritual lands, do hold themselves greatly injured 
to pay a composition rent besides the rents specified in their leases. 
Also some places of the province, as the O'Kellys' country, do stand 
charged with a greater rent on the like quantity of land than other 
places do. Finally, some others exclaim that they have not any- 
thing like so much land as is laid down upon them. Nevertheless 
I will endeavour the best I may to establish the same in the best 
sort I may. The last half-year's rent, according to the new compo- 
sition, amounted to more than the old receipt, for there was a 
thousand pounds brought in in money and kine. If any man shall 
advertise your Honours thither that Connaught is unquiet I humbly 
beseech the same to give no credit thereunto, for I assure your 
Lordship, upon my faith, Connaught is as quiet as the English 
Pale of Ireland. 

There is a man of Gal way, named Roebuck French, who re- 
paireth thither as a suitor to your Lordships [of the Council] to 
overthrow the decree past in the behalf of the Earl of Ormond, for 
prize wines, but I think that matter is sufficiently ended, and do 
hope your Lordships will deal no further therein. The same man is 
also to be a suitor to your Lordships to recover against the Earl of 
Clanricard all such losses as by the late wars of the said Earl and his 
brother, the town of Galway sustained, but this I hope shall never 
be granted him, for it were very dangerous, and enough to thrust 
the said Earl into bad action, who is now a very sure and fast 
subject, and one that doth much good in the parts where he 
dwelleth. pp. 2. 


1586. , - CXXIV ' 

May. 59. Note of the rents of Connaught, with the charge of the officers 

of that province, p. 1. 

May. GO. Notes by Burghley touching the pays in Ireland, p. 1. 

May. 61. Petition of Robucke Frenche of Galway to the Privy Council. 

For payment of 1081. 10s. Wd. due to the inhabitants of Galway, 
by divers captains, p. 1. - 

[May.] 62. Certain notes or heads of instructions fit for such Commis- 
sioners as shall be appointed to deal with the Scots in Claneboy, and 
other the Irish inhabitants of that country, for the establishing of 
the same in peace and quiet. 

First. Because Sorley Boy M'Donnell hath no interest in any 
lands in Scotland or the Out Isles, he is the fitter to be accepted for 
a free denizen or subject unto Her Highness. Item. That Sorley 
Boy have that part of the Route that formerly he had, by a compo- 
sition with Sir Henry Sydney, for that rent and services therein 
compounded. And if the Commissioners can draw him into a 
deeper rent yearly they shall do their best endeavour, taking from 
him the best pledges that may be gotten for the performance 
of the same. Item. That the fishing of the Bann, the friary of 
Coleraine with the lands thereunto belonging, be always excepted 
and reserved to Her Majesty. Item. The lands of the seven baronies 
in the Glynns to be granted to Angus M'Donnell upon such reason- 
able rent and services as the said Commissioners shall think best for 
Her Majesty's service, provided that if it may be so compounded 
by them that Sorley Boy may have the Glynns to farm of the said 
Angus, paying some reasonable rent yearly. 

Item. That the barony of Larne and Olderfleet Castle be excepted 
out of Angus's grant, for that it bordereth so near upon Her 
Highness' town of Carrickfergus. 

Item. That the said grants run conditionally in form following ; 
that the said Angus M'Donnell and Sorley Boy, or either of them 
in whom the default shall be found, shall forfeit his estate and right 
whatsoever, granted from Her Majesty, if he or they, or either of 
them, do make any incursion or road upon any of Her Majesty's 
subjects inhabiting within her province of Ulster, or suffer any of 
his or their surname to do the same, except he or they, or any of 
them, shall have commission so to do from Her Highness, her heirs 
or successors, kings or queens of England, or from any of her Lords 
Deputies, or other Governor or Governors of that Her Majesty's 
kingdom of Ireland. Item. That Sorley Boy and Angus M'Donnell, 
or either of them, their heirs, agents or assigns, do not at any time 
bring into the Glynns or Route above 200 Scots of the Mainland, or 
Out Isles, to inhabit in the aforesaid countries, unto them granted 
and those to be such as have no lands in Scotland, or the Isles, over 
and besides that they and every of them, that shall be so brought, 
be sworn unto Her Majesty's obeisance, and to be true subjects, 
and that every of their names and surnames Le delivered to Her 
Majesty's Seneschal of Claueboy, co the end that he may keep a 
record of the same. 


1586. VOL.CXXIV. 

Item. That the Scots and other inhabitants of the Glynns and 
Route do not trade or traffic, buy or sell, in creeks or corners of the 
seashore, within the said countries with any Scottish merchant or 
merchants, or otherwise, with any countrymen strangers inhabiting 
without Her Majesty's dominions, but with the merchants of some 
of Her Majesty's corporations of Ireland. 

Articles for other the Irish inhabitants of Claneboy 

First. It is to be noted that if other parts of the country be not 
established by this commission firmly in other captains and their 
castles, bounds and limits assigned unto them to content each 
reasonable challenger with a portion of the country, the Scots will 
spread themselves further, because there are divers of the Neills of 
Claneboy pretend a right one into another's possession, which being 
referred and heard by the Commissioners maybe compounded, other- 
wise the weakest will rely upon the Scots, and by them will be 
made strong, conditionally that they shall assist the Scots, which 
private quarrel amongst the Irish hath been no small means to make 
the Scots so able to prevail as they be. 

Secondly. Where the country is charged with soldiers, whereat 
they murmur and grudge greatly, and no doubt it is a great charge 
unto them, although for aught that I can see to little benefit for 
Her Majesty's service, for unto a sudden draught of service they 
cannot be gotten, by reason they are so dispersed in sundry parts 
of the country. And unto a general journey I could never see them 
provided of victual, except they had it out of the Queen's store 
by a surcharge unto Her Majesty. I know right well that if Her 
Highness will disburden the country of Claneboy of the soldiers, they 
will yield a convenient rent yearly in lieu of that charge. 

Lastly. For the government of the said countries and keeping 
them in good obeisance unto Her Majesty, it behoveth that there 
should always lie at Carrickfergus (as the most principal garrison 
town in Ireland, and of best purpose for service) 200 footmen and 
50 horsemen always to continue, except at any time the Lord 
Deputy have occasion for a general journey to call the said garrison 
to attend his person, and at the end of the said journey to return 
them unto their former place. And if it shall be thought that it is 
over-chargeable for Her Majesty to victual that company there (by 
the mean of adventure, freight, and wastes), I will undertake if the 
soldiers may be certainly paid monthly or quarterly at the furthest, 
that they shall be victualled without any further charge unto Her 
Majesty. Indorsed : A Note for Her Majesty's service. Heads of 
Instructions for certain Commissioners to deal with the Scots in 
Claneboy, for the better establishing thereof in quiet and reformation 
of the country. [This paper is undated, but Sorley Boy obtained 
his denization 18th June 1586, therefore May cannot be very 
far out.] pp. 2. 

June 1. 63. G. Fenton to Burghley. The Lord Deputy with others of the 

Dublin. Council have now in a joint letter to the Privy Council certified some 

few articles of the instructions I brought deferring the residue to a 

further leisure. Touching the particularities of which certificate with 




all other occurrents and progressions here, as well for Parliament causes 
as other affairs, I humbly beseech your Lordship give me leave to refer 
you to the said joint letters, but for that nothing is as yet done in 
the instructions for Her Majesty's revenues and disorders therein, 
nor for the ca^i.g of some bands of soldiers for easing Her Majesty's 
charges; notwithstanding I have often solicited the same, I am 
bold to acquaint your Lordship therewith for mine own discharge, 
being both commanded by Her Majesty, and charged by your 
Lordship to press the expedition of those articles, and the certificate 
thereof with all speed. Besides the conclusion of the last part of 
the said instructions carrieth a direction to me to the same end. I 
have often remembered his Lordship of this both privately and 
publicly at the Council table, receiving always this answer : that 
when the other affairs then in hand were passed over, the said 
instructions should be dealt in, but lest they might be longer put 
off than were convenient, if it would please your Lordship to charge 
me in a letter (which I might show to the Lord Deputy), that I 
have been too negligent in that point of my charge, and that it is 
interpreted to my default that those instructions are not expedited. 
I think it would be to good purpose. Humbly beseeching your 
Lordship's secrecy in this point lest the blame and grudge that 
I find already for bringing over those instructions be further 
aggravated against me for procuring them to be put in execution. 
Sorley Boy hath been long expected and hath given many promises 
to the Lord Deputy as his Lordship affirmeth, to come hither, but 
the evasions he usetli to protract still his coming are no good signs 
of good meaning in him. It may be thought his coming is inter- 
rupted by some underhand practice, and that either he will not 
come at all or at least seeketh to defer it in hope of the revocation 
of the Lord Deputy. In which case it may be he looketh to come 
in upon easier conditions than now. But upon what pretence soever 
he absenteth himself contrary to so many promises, it cannot be 
without suspicion of bad intention to stir some alteration in the 
North this summer, if in the meanwhile he be not tempered withal 
by good means, p. 1. 

June 2. 64. Sir Valentine Browne and Sir E. Phyton to Sir F. Walsyng- 
ham, that the lands concealed and detained should pass together 
with the attainted lands, p. 1. 

June 3. 65. Note from Sir V. Browne of certain things to be added to the 
articles of Munster. p. I. 

June 7. 66. The information of Sir Henry Bagenall, touching Her Majesty's 
service in the north of Ireland delivered unto the Lord Treasurer 
Burghley. The dangers likely to appear very shortly in the province 
of Ulster, and the causes thereof in particular. 

The Cententions between O'Neill and the Baron of Dungannon. 
First, the discontent which Turlough Lynagh O'Neill conceiveth that 
the Baron is so much countenanced, and as it were maintained 
against him, hath moved him of late to practice the drawing over 



of many Scots for the pulling down of the said Baron, whereby 
great disturbance may haply grow to the inhabitants and Her 
Majesty's charge be greatly increased. 

The leaving of the urraghs to Irish government. Further, the 
assigning of the urraghs to be ruled by Tur lough Lynagh and 
the Baron is a precedent very dangerous, and moveth the said 
urraghs (being much grieved that they are not received to Her 
Majesty's protection, and suffered to live under English government, 
and free from the bonnaught of the O'Neills) to combine together as 
men desperate without hope of freedom. 

The grief of the people for the imposition of the soldiers. Besides 
the whole province being near wasted through the great imposition 
of soldiers, and not able to sustain the charge any longer, causeth 
the inhabitants, as especially O'Donnell, O'Cahan, M'Mahon, and 
divers others to conspire together as well for the easing themselves 
of the said soldiers, as to supply the losses of their people with the 
spoil of other countries adjoining, whereby great trouble and charge 
to Her Majesty may arise. 

The want of exercise of justice. Further, the ordinary course of 
justice which was accustomably held in that province in former times, 
Has been for these three years in manner wholly neglected without 
JWY exercise thereof, but the inhabitants for the most part left to 
the barbarous rule of the said O'Neills. In which time great 
disorders have been committed amongst themselves without redress, 
which is likely to force on a time of revenge that will bring with it 
great disorder and trouble. 

The opinion of the said Sir Henry Bagenall, touching the said 
particularities necessary for the advancement of the Queen's 
Majesty 's service in Ulster, importing profitable means towards the 
reformation of the disturbed province. 

1. First. Forasmuch as the nation of the O'Neills have been always 
a rebellious people, challenging sovereign authority and princely 
pre-eminence over the rest, withholding them from their obedience to 
Her Majesty, and forcing them wholly to depend upon them. It 
was most convenient therefore that they themselves be divided 
and equally graced and countenanced. In that sort that Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill and the Earl of Tyrone may have from Her 
Majesty severally allotted to them and their heirs, lands com- 
petently bounded with rents and reservations, &c. 

2. Secondly. That where by warrant from Her Majesty and 
instructions from your Honours sent over by Sir Nicholas Bagenall, 
the Governors, &c. were directed to draw all the urraghs to Her 
Majesty's dependency with other contents amply appearing, &c. 
It is very necessary that the same be put in due execution accord- 
ingly, for there is no reformation to be expected so long as any of 
the O'Neills be suffered to have any rule over such as dwell on this 
side the Blackwater. 

3. Thirdly. This being done the province to be encountied 
(divided into counties) according to the plot and limitation delivered 




June 8. 

June 8. 

June 9. 


June 9. 



by Sir Nicholas Bagenall to the Lord Deputy that now is at 
Dungannon in August last. 

4. FourtJdy. Whereas all the Lords and Captains of countries in 
the province, iinnpsed with bands of soldiers are grown to a general 
dislike thereof, nd many of them of the better sort have openly 
attempted the slaughter of the said soldiers, and by other secret 
practices did intend to proceed in mischiefs more dangerous. It 
is very good they be discharged of that burthen, and otherwise 
compounded withal ; as namely, to yield to Her Majesty yearly a 
convenient number of beeves to be disposed to Her Highness' 

5. Fifthly. That the Scot be received into peace, and that the lands 
they have usurped be divided, part of them for rents, services, 
and reservations, as Her Majesty was pleased it should have been 
before they were prosecuted ; and part to M'Quillin, and the ancient 
followers : otherwise Her Majesty's charge in prosecuting them will 
be great. 

6. Sixthly. The chief govenour there to have like charge and 
authority, with assistants joined with him, as is in the other 
provinces. That whereas now for these three years past, there 
was never assize, sessions, nor other assembly for the administration 
of justice, which in other governments were observed and kept. 
That now the same may be renewed and kept ; for the want thereof, 
is the decay of all commonwealths, and hath been of this. 

7. Further. It is very convenient, that a shire hall and a strong 
gaol be built in meet place, at the charge of the whole country ; where 
such hostages and pledges, as shall be put in for Her Majesty's 
peace may be safely kept near their friends, that they may be able 
to relieve them without charge to Her Majesty, whereas now the 
sending of them to Dublin is such a charge to them, as well they 
are not able to bear. pp. 2. 

67. Petition of Anne Thickpenny, widow, to Burghley, for payment 
of money due to her husband, p. 1. With, 

67. i. Suits and petitions of Anne Thickpenny. p. 1. 

68. The contents of the Privy Seal of 3rd June 1586 for 13,14.2?. 
for Ireland, p. 1. 

69. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley for payment to Walter 
Sedgrave, a merchant, p. 1. 

70. Sir N. Bagenall to Burghley. Although of late, I have 
signified the state of that province, wherein heretofore I have carried 
some stroke of government, yet now (being greatly enforced thereto 
contrary to expectation, or deserving any way), it standeth me upon, 
to descend to the particular defence of my own credit, against such 
injuries and disgraces as my Lord Deputy here doth daily lay upon 
me, together with the disfavour of your Honours there, which he 
threateneth to procure unto me. And for that your Honour (on 
whom I rely) may be rightly persuaded of me, and have the better 
censure what the Governor here hath or shall to my derogation 


1586. VOL.CXXIV. 

advertise of me, I thought it good to let you understand the true 
cause and ground, from whence this his conceived displeasure towards 
me hath proceeded. I have by all good offices and possible means 
(as my ability could any way afford) endeavoured the advancement 
of Her Majesty's service under him, but for that I have sincerely (I 
protest before the living God) and according to the credit of my 
place, which (how unworthy soever) I have long time possessed, 
freely advised his Lordship, what in my conscience and by my long 
experience, I thought most convenient, both for the furtherance of 
Her Highness' service, and good of this her poor people and country, 
his Lordship did enter into such rage and storm with me, as (for 
reverence to your honour and duty to the place he holdeth) I forbear 
to write. And this I assure you is the. sole and only cause which 
hath stirred his Lordship to this great displeasure against me. 

I foretold his Lordship what the event would be, of placing the 
soldiers upon the chieftains of Ulster, (as he to whom their abilities 
and conditions were better known than to his Lordship) and since 
have often advertised him of the sundry conspiracies and combi- 
nations intended, as well for the destruction of those said soldiers, as 
to shake off all English government, which I fear me will yet be 
attempted and performed, if speedy remedy be not used to prevent 
their malice. 

Donnell Gorm M'Donnell, brother to Angus M'Donnell, within 
these ten days is arrived with 300 or 400 Scots, and hath spoiled 

O'Donnell's wife is gone into Scotland to the intent to draw thence 
great companies of men, which doth plainly demonstrate their 
intention, that ere this had burst into open action, had not the 
soldiers been drawn thence. And howsoever it doth please his 
Lordship now to vilipend myself and annihilate my poor credit (of 
which I do not any way further esteem than that it may serve for 
the advancing of Her Majesty's service) yet this can all this state 
witness with me, that Turlough O'Neill and all the rest of the 
chieftains of Ulster by my labour came to his Lordship without 
word or safe conduct, whereas now neither Turlough Lynagh 
O'Neill, O'Rourke, Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, nor any other in manner 
(of what base condition soever) would come at him without a most 
assured protection. 

I understand his Lordship doth here sometimes charge me (which 
haply he may inform there to some of your Honours against me) 
to have been a chief cause of dashing the act of subsidy, whereat 
I can but greatly marvel, and grieve much, for I protest before the 
presence of God, I never opened my mouth against it, neither did 
it once enter into mine imagination any way to impugn it, but 
would with all my heart, and possible endeavour (as my manner 
ever was and shall be) have laboured to draw it to a treble ad- 
vantage to Her Highness. Only this I did advise his Lordship to 
consider and ponder duly what might ensue of the measuring anew 
the lands, which being a thing hateful and most odious to this 
nation, I feared would breed great revolting among these people, 




June 9. 


being inclined of themselves to take small occasions, whereby Her 
Majesty should of necessity be driven to far greater charge in 
appeasing of tumults, than the benefit of this statute could any way 
promise unto her. And this (I protest) was all I did or spake in 
that cause, whicu (proceeding of good conscience and zeal to Her 
Highness' service) I doubt not but your Honour will conceive (as I 
meant it) in good part, and therefore I most humbly beseech you of 
your wonted favour and unfeigned zeal to justice, to receive into 
your Honour's protection the defence of my innocency, wishing rather 
to die with torment than in mine old days, after the expence of so 
many years only in my Prince's service to be discountenanced with 
Her Majesty or your Honours, whom it hath been and ever shall be 
mine only endeavour to serve and please, pp. 2. 

71. Information by Sir H. Bagenall to Sir Francis Walsyngham. 
Same as the Document, June 7. No. 66. p. 1. 

[June 9.] 72. Petition of Michael Hamlinge to Queen Elizabeth for pay- 
ment of 856?. due to his master, Walter Sedgrave. p. 1. 

[June 9.] 73. Petition of Michael Hamlinge to the Privy Council for pay- 
ment of 856?. due to his master, Walter Sedgrave. p. 1. 

[June 9.] 74. Petition of Walter Seagrave to Burghley for payment of 
680?. 8s. for money and victuals delivered in Ireland, p. 1. 

[June 13.] 75. Note of Her Majesty's debt to Sir Nicholas and Sir Henry 
Bagenall, being 2,874?. 4s. lOfd p. 1. 

76. G.^ Fenton to Burghley. Sorley Boy M'Donnell is now come 
hither under protection, and having by public submission in writing 
acknowledged his disobedience, he seemeth likewise by words and 
speeches to make himself unworthy of all favour and forgiveness 
other than in such measure as it may please Her Majesty of grace 
only to minister to him ; yet doth he not omit to prefer demands 
for a great 'portion of the Route to be granted to him and his 
heirs male, and looketh that it should be perfected to him pre- 
sently, together with his pardon and a patent of denization. But 
McQuillin who is also repaired hither, opposeth himself against his 
demand for land in the Route, alledging that country to be his 
inheritance only, and therefore not to be made a " dividencie " to 
any other, but especially to Sorley, who hath of long time disturbed 
his right by an injurious usurpation. This is now the point in 
controversy between those two wild men, which I hope will in the 
end be resolved, though not to both their likings, yet to the best 
advantage for Her Majesty's service, and assurance of the public 
peace in those remote parts. And in truth the Route is clearly 
Her Majesty's right, as the residue of Ulster is, by force of an Act 
of Parliament in ll mo of Her Highness' reign, as I take it. 

Some small stirs began to appear of late in Connaught, which by 
the speedy working of Sir Richard Byngham were not suffered to 
spread to any common disturbance. It is advertised hither that 
O'Donnell's wife (a Scot and daughter to O'Neill's wife) is departed 

June 14. 





into Scotland, with a pretence to draw forces into Tirconnell, for 
the strengthening of her husband against a contrary faction com- 
bined against him in his own country, as is given out, which 
advertisements may be thought are grounded more upon malice 
than of truth, by the consideration of O'Donnell's loyalty in all 
former times, having always stood fast to the Crown howsoever he 
hath been tempted and provoked. Besides he is now upon his way 
hitherward to justify himself, which is to be thought he would not 
have done if he had not known his own clearness. [O'DonTiell's 
wife was Ineen Duv, daughter of James M'Donnell and the Lady 
Agnes Campbell, his wife.~] p. 1. 

June 14. 77. The humble submission of Sorley Boy M'Donnell to the 
Dublin. Lord Deputy Perrot. Most honorable Governor, it is and may 
be truly said there is no unhappiness comparable to his that may 
say he hath been once in good estate, and is fallen from it through 
his own folly ; amongst many others in that case, I may and do 
reckon myself for none of the least, for being a man born out of 
this realm, and gotten large possessions in the same, whereupon 
I lived, though I might claim none by inheritance, I have very 
inconsiderately presumed to think I might as well hold it as I got 
it, by strong hand : carried on with this imagination, as one ignorant 
of Her Majesty's might and force, (and withal ill persuaded by 
others) I unhappily refused to come in to your Lordship, as the rest 
of Ulster did, now almost two years past, thinking it might suffice 
for me upon your Lordship's repair into those parts to write a letter 
of some kind of observance unto you, with an offer after a sort to 
come myself. Also upon such capitulations (as now to my smart 
I find,) were unmeet for me to make. But your Lordship having no 
mind as it hath well appeared, to take advantage of my rash 
oversight, vouchsafed to license the Earl of Tyrone and Sir Edward 
Moore to send unto me such gracious conditions, as I grieve to 
think that I refused them, and wish the unadvised letters I wrote 
to your Lordship, the haughty words I uttered, and the indiscreet 
means I then made (to have men of far better sort than myself to 
lie in pledge for me) were buried up in forgetfulness. I condemn 
my folly in leaving such men in the Castle of Dunluce, within this 
Her Highness' land as should say they kept it in the name, or to 
the use of the King of Scots, a Prince that honoureth Her Majesty 
and embraceth Her favour. I sorrow for my perseverance in that 
purpose, whereby I have justly drawn Her Majesty's force, and 
whet Her Highness' sword against me, which hath slain my son and 
most of my people, spoiled me of my goods, and left me with a few 
distressed, being no way able to stand against Her Majesty's force, 
wherefore I do prostrate myself here at the foot of Her Majesty's 
clemency, submitting myself wholly thereunto, and most humbly 
praying to be restored, only thereby through your noble favour, 
that is accustomed as well to pity the humble as to suppress the 
proud and obstinate. And I do most faithfully promise to depend 
for ever upon Her Majesty's gracious goodness, according to such 
conditions as it shall please your most honorable Lordship to 


1580. VOL.CXXIV. 

afford me on the behalf of Her Highness, whom I pray God long to 
preserve. Amen. Your Honour's most humble suppliant, Sorle 
Me + Conell. Francis Stafford. William Warren. Copy. pp. 1. 

June 14. 78. Petition T George Hunt [alias Huntingdon,] to the Lord 
Treasurer Burghley, for payment of 180Z. which is due unto him of 
his pension of 2 shillings per diem, granted to him by Her Majesty, 
as appeareth by a certificate under the Auditor's hand. p. 1. 

June 15. 79.-79a. Suitors for Irish debts to the amount of 9,16 1 1. 3s. 

being Sir Thomas Pullison, Sir William Collier, William Minne, Wil- 
liam Mellichap, merchant, Earl of Kildare, Walter Segrave, merchant, 
Nicholas Weston, Roger Pope, John Crimble, Thomas Fauntleroy, 
John Meagh, almsman, William Lawrence, upon a prest bill of 
Captain Macworth's, Teig M'Carthy, Sir George Carew, George 
Wedon, merchant. Remain of the Earl of Essex's debt, Robert 
Fletcher, Arthur O'Tool, for his pension, George Huntingdon, an old 
servitor, Thickpenny's widow, Sir Nicholas Bagenall, Sir Henry 
Bagenall, Auditor Thomas Jeny son's wife, Thomas Skinner, mer- 
chant, Henry Welles, merchant. Two Copies, p. I. p. I. 

June 17. 80. Plat of the attainted lands in Munster and how the same is 
allotted to the undertakers, viz.: Tipperary, four seignories, to 
Cheshiremen, Sir Christopher Hatton, Sir Rowland Stanley, and 
Sir Edward Phi ton, (Edward Unton is smeared out) ; Limerick, four 
seignories, to gentlemen of the county of Lancaster, Richard 
Mollyneux, Thomas Fleetwood, Cavass, and Bold ; Connelough, ten 
seignories, Sir William Courtney, Henry Ughtred, John Semar. 
County of Kerry, three seignories, desired by Sir William Herbert, 
Edward Unton (here the name of Unton is not smeared). The 
country of Desmond, one seignory, desired by Sir Valentine Brown. 
The county of Cork, nineteen seignories, Mr. Attorney, Sir John 
Popham, and Somersetshiremen, Sir John Stowell, Sir John Clifton, 
Edward Sentbarb, John Popham, Rogers, and Cooles. Youghall, 
Inchequin, Sir Walter Rawley, Carew Rawley, Richard Champer- 
nown, and Chydley. The county of Waterford, Dungarvan, seignories 
three, Cheshiremen. [This well-drawn and interesting map is 
chiefly filled in, as to the names, by Burghley.] p. 1. 

June 17. 81. Petition of the undertakers for inhabiting the escheated lands 
in the province of Munster to the Lord High Treasurer Burghley. 
Whereas your Lordship required to have a division made presently, 
and every man's portion assigned by the survey already taken, we 
find it hath great difficulty, by reason that many the undertakers 
(especially they of Somerset and Dorset) who accepted Her Majesty's 
first offer are absent, and none other authorised from them, or so 
well instructed in the state of that country, as they can make such 
division. But to avoid mislike of such as are absent, their desire 
is to allot the same amongst themselves according to the several 
proportions of acres set down in the plot, and articles to be agreed on 
upon the view of the ground itself and division thereof in apt 
territories as well of the lands yet unsurveyed, as of them already 




surveyed. And thereupon so to seat themselves as may serve fittest 
for their society and defence, rather than to tie themselves to an 
uncertain course here in England, which they are altogether 
unacquainted with, and know not thereby how to apportionate or 
dispose thereof to any of their contentments, which are absent. 
But they of Somerset and Dorset, &c. will undertake to people all 
Her Majesty's land in the county of Cork (besides that assigned to 
Sir Walter Rawley, be it more or less, according to the plot newly 
set down, if they may have it left to their disposition, as aforesaid, 
and that none be permitted to intermeddle amongst them besides 
their number already set down, and such as they shall adjoin with 
them. And the associates of Cheshire and Lancashire will under- 
take the like for the lands in the counties of Waterford, Tipperary, 
and Limerick. 

Also that it may please your Honour upon consideration of the 
petitions exhibited, to determine of such course as shall be thought 
fit, and thereupon to give direction that the same may be established, 
either by indenture of covenants or by articles under Her Majesty's 
hand, so as they may not be altered to Her Majesty's or our prejudice 
hereafter. And that there may be a form of a patent drawn, in 
what sort it shall please Her Highness to resolve to pass an estate 
of the said lands to us, that it may be confirmed accordingly in 
Ireland, and that Commissioners be assigned to see the lands 
apportioned, according to Her Majesty's and the undertakers' inten- 
tion, comprised in the plot and offers. Which Commissioners to have 
power under the hands of any four or more of them, to give 
warrant to the Lord Chancellor of Ireland to pass unto every 
undertaker his portion, according as the same shall be assigned or 
allotted unto him. Which warrant so signed to be a sufficient 
warrant to the Lord Chancellor there, to pass the same according to 
the form of the patent drawn here. [Indorsed.] Undertakers of 
the counties of Somerset, Dorset, Cheshire, and Lancashire within 
the realm of England, p. ^. 

June 17. 82. Tho. Jenyson to Burghley. My most honoured good Lord, 
Dublin Castle. ma y it like the same. Master Treasurer's long and tedious account 
till Michaelmas 1584, anno 26 to , is now brought into as fair and 
orderly a ledger book as few men have seen (I dare affirm it), 
which was collected out of so many bills, warrants, books, and 
pamphlets disorderly and unskilfully kept, as I formerly have not 
seen, nor never had more tedious travail in anything, since I had skill 
than to bring the same into that frame that it is now brought, 
which presently goeth to declaration before the Commissioners, and 
which I think will be by them duly perused and examined hardly 
in two months, sitting daily thereat. 

And now shall other two years' accounts go presently in hand 
to end at Michaelmas next, which will be ready, God lending me 
health, by Hallowmas, without the performance whereof no near 
judgment of the Treasurer's estate can appear, which I deem your 
Lordship specially looketh for. And for the better accomplish- 
ment whereof I humbly desire your Lordship to cause Mr. Petre 


- - ep VOL. CXXIV. 


make his certificate at large for the Treasurer's charge, whereby it 
may appear what docquets have been paid there (in England), which 
do remain with the tellers, the better to induce me in that account, 
to the better perfecting thereof, and the bills and warrants for the 
same may be received when we do come over, for that in the mean- 
while the Treasurer's man hath not sufficient skill duly to receive 
the same. And in making up that account, shall a particular book 
of all Her Majesty's debts be made, due till the next Michaelmas, 
so exactly as a just and due pay may thereby be made. 

It may further please your Lordship that where Mr. Fenton 
brought thence to my Lord Deputy sundry instructions from Her 
Majesty to be answered unto by the officers here, amongst whom 
myself is especially named, which my Lord Deputy sent me to have 
my opinion of, and to certify to whom the same did most fitly 
belong to answer. I thereupon did certify his Lordship in writing 
according his direction, and sent the same unto him, the three and 
twentieth of April last, sithence which time I have heard nothing 
thereof, although Mr. Fenton as he saith, hath divers times required 
his Lordship to give further directions therein. And for that 
I would not bear the blame for the long detracting thereof at your 
Lordship's hands, I thought it best to purge myself beforehand, 
and herewith to send your Lordship the copy of my answers made 
to my Lord Deputy, whereby you may judge who is causer of the 
deferring thereof. I understand that some of the captains here 
have been suitors to your Lordship, and mind (intend) to prosecute 
the same, to be discharged of Id. ob. sterling per diem in every 
soldier's allowance for victuals, which was rated at 5d. ob. the man 
per diem. And so set down by your Lordship and the rest of that 
most honourable Privy Council, in anno 1582, when the Earl of 
Ormond was sent into Munster at which time the augmentation of 
the soldiers' wages was granted. And according the rate aforesaid 
then set down, the soldiers have answered to the captains upon their 
wages, and so hath from time to time been defalked of their pays 
and reckonings by their captains, so as if their said suit should be 
granted unto them since the setting down of the said rates until 
this present, it would be to Her Majesty's detriment above 6,000?., 
and no penny thereof redound to any soldier's commodity, but only 
to the private uses of the captains. And if it shall be thought tit 
to mitigate the rates aforesaid the same were requisite to be limited 
from some day yet to come, whereby the soldier also might have 
knowledge thereof, lest for some time they be continued still at the 
greater rate. I thought it my bounden part hereof to give your 
Lordship foreknowledge, lest they by importunate suit and sug- 
gestions might in this point abuse your Lordship, trusting that 
you will keep this secret to yourself, otherwise would they seek 
revenge on me. 

The office of the ordnance here is far out of order, wanting so 
sufficient and diligent ministers as thereto doth appertain. And 
Jaques Wyngfeld, master thereof, having remained there these four 
years come Bartholomew tide, will not upon my persuasion come to 




account, either for his band and ministers of the ordnance, or the 
great mass of munitions, habiliments for the wars, and other pro- 
visions and furnitures for that office, for which he hath yielded none 
account for these ten years past nor yet for his disbursements, con- 
cerning that office. And further there dependeth on him with those 
payments ymr Lordship assigned him there and his credit above 
ten thousand marks imprest for ready money received and paid to 
his ministers upon his bills, which sum is so much and more than 
I think will fall due to him, and therefore ought to receive no more 
payments till the former be accounted for and discharged ; of all 
which he neither brings in warrants of full pay to discharge them, 
nor yet comes in to account for the rest. So as if God should call 
him, I think all that ever he hath, both there and here, would be 
seized to Her Majesty's use, and so have I of good will, divers times 
written to him with, offer that if he would come over (as I have put 
his books and accounts in readiness) I would, within two months, 
let him understand his own estate, wherein I may not deal without 
his presence, with the sight of his warrants which be either unsued 
out here, or remain with himself there, and knowing him most to 
rely on your Lordship, and that besides he is allied in blood to you 
(as I take it), I thought good for his own benefit to acquaint your 
Lordship herewith, to the intent you may either command him 
thereto, or otherwise persuade him as your Lordship shall think best ; 
the sooner he doth come the better, if God shall call himself all 
those he trusteth, and other his friends will not be able to answer in 
this behalf. 

I am humble suitor to your Lordship in the behalf of my wife, 
who being destitute for her needful furnitures there, and I having 
some money due of my own entertainments here, and wanting some 
more to supply her whole want, borrowed of some here in pay that 
had most due, some prest bills, amounting with my own money to 
440?., tfec., and obtained a bill of the Treasurer for that sum, which 
I sent her for her relief, with direction to be suitor to your Lordship 
to be so favourable as to assign her payment out of some privy seal 
for this realm, wherein Mr. Treasurer promised me to write to your 
Lordship in my behalf by Fauntleroy, at his last despatch from 
hence. Wherein I eftsoons humbly beseech your honorable and 
favorable consideration towards the relieving of her great need. 
One quarter whereof she hath already spent lying there since Mid- 
January on hope to obtain the same, which by your Lordship's good 
favours I hope she shall do now. pp. 2|-. Incloses, 

82. I. The opinion of Thomas Jenyson, Her Majesty's Auditor 
of Ireland, in answer to certain remembrances or interrogatories, 
how Her Majesty might best be served in such points as they 
concern, which were delivered unto him by Sir John Perrot, the 
Lord Deputy, to be answered,. 

1. Touching the first fruits and twentieth parts. TotJiat there 
hath none account been yielded for the jirst fruits sithence anno 
I9 mo of Her Majesty's reign, for which Michael Kettlewell, 




Walter Harrold, and Nicholas Kenny, now clerk thereof, is to yield 
the same ; and for the twentieth parts, the Bishops are accountable, 
few of whom have accomplished the same ; and the rest ought to be 
called in by process. The Auditor, nor any other officer, is able 
duly to charge** ? first fruits but by confession of the accountants, 
so as the bishops ought yearly to certify what benefices do become 
void, and also of the next incumbent that shall be presented to any 
of the same. And where the bishops, by ilie Act of Parliament, is 
to be allowed of such recusants as they shall certify for the twentieth 
parts, yet they ought to levy the same of the next incumbent, or of 
the fruits (sede vacante) which they never do. And for the better 
answering of the premises, is order set down, under the Great 
Seal of England, which is needful to be put in execution. 

2. Item for the Hamper (Hannaper). Launcelot Alford is clerk 
of that office, who hath from time to time yielded his account for 
the issues of that office by extract made thereof by ilie Lord Chan- 
cellor, the commodities of which office will scarcely bear the charges 
of the same, by reason that most parties are called to that Court by 
precept of the Lord Chancellor, and not by process under the Seal, 
ivhich is prejudicial to the revenues that ought to come by the Seal, 
and for the better augmenting of that revenue, fines upon pardons 
and other grants would be cessed (assessed) in the same, to be levied 
before the Seal and grant shall be delivered. And also certificate of 
recognizances and other duties growing in that Court, should be 
termly certified into the Exchequer by extracts for the due levying 
thereof, according to an order already set down under the Great 
Seal of England. 

3. Item for the sheriffs' accounts. To that there is an instruction 
amongst other things, in a book of orders already set down under 
Her Majesty's Great Seal of England, remaining in the Court of 
Exchequer, that every sheriff upon taking his oath be bound in 
recognizance for the answering of the issues of his bailiwick at the 
end of this year, which instructions being duly executed and well 
followed by the Chief Remembrancer, will greatly advantage Her 
Majesty's profit in that behalf. 

4. Item, the High Commission touching fines, recognizances, and 
sequestrations. The Chief Commissioners, in causes ecclesiastical, 
ought yearly to certify under their hands what fines have been by 
them taxed, and what recognizance taken by them to grow forfeit, 
likewise to be certified into Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer, 
and for sequestrations if any been taken up by their officer, it hath 
not hitherto been accounted for. And therefore it were good that 
search should be had thereof, by the Registrar's books, and some due 
order set down how all the said fines and forfeitures might be duly 
charged without concealment. 

5. Item, the Faculties and prerogative. There hath, not sithence 
the erecting of the said office of Faculties been any profits to Her 
Majesty's use, nor the officer of the said office is not known to the 
Auditor, whereby he might be called upon to yield his account for 
the issues of the office aforesaid, and therefore requisite that the 
Commissioners of the Faculties be called upon to certify both what 

3. F 




commodities and what faculties have been granted sithence the date 
of the Queen's Commission, and they upon their oaths to deliver 
in a perfect book thereof; and thenceforth express order set down 
how the same may be duly answered every year. 

6. Item for recognizances taken by Justices of the Peace. All the 
Justices of Peace ought to certify into Her Majesty's Court of 
Exchequer all such recognizances as shall fortune to be forfeited 
being taken before them, but whether every Justice of Peace do cer- 
tify 'or no, the Chief Remembrancer is to resolve your Lordship 
therein, but in the meanwhile there comes nothing thereof to Her 
Majesty, and therefore the order formerly set down under the Great 
Seal is to be duly executed therein. 

7. Item for the Queen's debts which be sperate and which be 
desperate. The division of Her Majesty's debts which be sperate 
and which be desperate, was set down by Her Majesty's Commis- 
sioners in the twentieth year of Her reign, sithence which time 
there is no division made of any debts that have grown due, and 
remain unpaid during Sir Henry Wallop's tvme, so as Her 
Majesty's Commissioners only are to divide the said debts, and 
none other, by the aid of the officers of the Exchequer, who are 
best acquainted with the same. 

8. Item for the Queen's revenue. For so much of the Queen's 
revenue of this realm as hath been surveyed and returned into the 
Auditor's office, standeth yearly in charge, and Sir Henry Wallop 
being Vice Treasurer is therewith charged, and what he doth not 
yearly receive is set off in super, and the Second Remembrancer 
of the Exchequer is to call the debts in by process, as in the 
Book of Orders in that behalf at large may appear ; but where the 
process in this behalf is commonly directed to the sheriffs, who 
return many non est inventus, nor take no distress for the debt, 
in which cases I wish the sheriffs to be fined forthe non-performance 
of their duty severely. 

9. Fines upon leases and pardons, and other casualties) as 
liveries and alienations. What fines contained in any lease, grant, 
or pardon, &c., and reserved to be paid to the clerk of the Hanaper, 
the Lord Chancellor chargeth the said clerk therewith, who yearly 
accounteth for the issues of the Hanaper. But when any fine is 
reserved to be paid to the Vice-Treasurer of this realm, the Master 
of the Rolls, twice by the year, is to estreat all such grants as have 
been passed under the Great Seal during that time, and to de- 
liver them into Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer, whereby 
process may be orderly set forth by the Chief Remembrancer 
for such fines as in the said estreats be contained according 
as in the Book of Orders is set down at large. 

10. Recognizances taken in the Chancery and the King's Bench. 
The Lord Chancellor and Chief Justice of the King's Bench ought 
yearly to return into the Exchequer all such recognizances taken 
before them to Her Majesty's, use as shall happen to be forfeited, but 
whether the same order be kept, the Chief Remembrancer is to re- 
solve your Lordship therein, for that he hath the. keeping of such 




recognizance when they be certified, whereof it were requisite a due 
collection were made yearly in two parts, one to remain with the 
Auditor for the due charging of them, the other with the Second 
RemembrancT. , as well as with tJie Chief, to award process for 
the 'due levying thereof. 

11. Why the arrearages grow greater than were requisite. First. 
Where Her Majesty in the tenth year of Her reign, by Her letters 
under the privy " signe " gave in charge that no grant should be 
discovered out of the Hanaper whereon any reservation was to Her 
Highness before the parties put in sureties, both/or the due answer- 
ing of the same, and performing of tlie covenants which hath not 
been performed at all, whereby many arrearages grow due. All 
the chancels of churches belonging to Her Majesty, with divers Her 
houses ruinated, and no redress sought, by which means none 
advantage may be had but by forfeiture of leases for nonpayment, 
(which I wish), and that they might be sued upon their covenants, 
and severely followed till the same be performed, seeing the enor- 
mity riseth by not taking their bands with good sureties, which 
had been the surest way, 'if the said direction had been observed. 
And for any thing granted in perpetuity, whereon no forfeiture 
doth grow, and runs in arrear, I wish the sheriffs ivithin every 
their limits were charged, and should stand chargeable therewith, 
by reason that he may levy distresses for the same. 

12. Touching custodiams. Where the same be commonly granted 
by concordatum witJiout inrolling of the same in Her Majesty's 
Exctiequer, whereby those grants, together with the considerations 
in the same, are unknown to the officers of that Court, by which 
mean any of the parties having the same, doth never answer tJie 
mean profits, as by their custodiams they ought to do, for the redress 
whereof I would think it requisite that no such custodiam should 
pass but under the Eocchequer Seal, as the like do in England, to 
the intent that the Court might then direct survey to be made 
thereof, whereby every person having any of the same might be 
charged with the mean profits according that survey, and for the 
performance thereof to put in sufficient surety before he shall 
receive his custodiam. 

Indorsed by Burghley 12 March 1585-6 : Answer by Thomas 
Jenyson, Auditor in Ireland, to certain questions delivered to him 
by Sir John Perrot, Lord Deputy of Ireland, concerning tJie 
Queen's revenues, &c. pp. 4. 

June 18. 83. Indenture between the Lord Deputy Perrot and Council and 
Sorley Boy, M'Donnell whereby Sorley Boy obtains pardon, deniza- 
tion, the twoghe from the Boys to the Bann, the three twoghes or 
territories of Donseverige, Loghgill. and Togh Balamonyne, with the 
constableship of the castle of Dunluce. [Copy.] pp. 3. 

84. Copy of the above. [Other copies are calendared in the 
2nd vol. of the Carew MSS., p. 427.] pp. 4|. 

June 18. 85. Abstract of the division of the Route betwixt M'Quillin and 
Sorley Boy McDonnell. The names of the towns (i. e., townlands) 

F 2 



in the Eoute, viz., Killconmorye, Killaghequyn, Killrnurrye, and 
Clashe marye ganegh. These four tofferes (toughes) to be to 
M'Quillin and his heirs males, lawfully begotten, yielding yearly 
to Her Majesty 60 beeves, and bearing yearly 10 horsemen and 
40 footmen to any general hosting within the realm, and all their 
power of horsemen and footmen within Ulster. And to hold the 
same as is granted to Angus M'Donnell, and with the like con- 

The town between the Boys and the Bann, viz., Dunseveryke, 
Loughgill, Ballamonye. These four (sic) toffres to be to Sorley Boy 
and his heirs males, lawfully begotten, yielding yearly to Her 
Majesty 60 beeves, and bearing 12 horsemen and 45 footmen to 
serve as abovesaid, and to rise with all their power of horsemen 
and footmen to serve in Ulster, and to hold the same as Angus 
M'Donnell doth and with like conditions. 

A custodiam to be granted to Sorley Boy of Ballelowghe. p. |. 

June 20. 86. Mrs. Elizabeth Jenysone to Burghley, for payment of 
London stone. 4407. 8s., due to her husband. His 40 years' service, p. 1. 

June 21. 87. An abstract of the articles for repeopling and inhabiting of 
the province of Munster in Ireland. 

First. Her Majesty doth assent that all the lands within the 
province of Munster which ought to come to her hands by forfeiture, 
escheat, or concealment, shall be divided into seignories of 12,000, 
8,000, 6,000, and 4,000 acres, according to the plot to be signed by 
Her Majesty. And that the same shall be peopled by the under- 
takers according to the same plot before Michaelmas 1593. [In the 
margin opposite the left hand.] Her Majesty's pleasure for the 
dividing of the lands into several seignories. 

Her Majesty is pleased to grant an estate thereof in fee-farm to 
be holden of Her Highness by fealty only, in free soccage and not 
in chief, yielding for every seignory of 12,000 acres in Cork, 
Tipperary, and Waterford from Michaelmas 1590 for three years 
next following a yearly rent of SSL 6s. 8d. And for every inferior 
seignory there ratably after that proportion. [Margin.] To be 
granted in fee-farm, the tenure in free soccage and not in capite. 
The half year's rent only to be answered from Michaelmas 1590 for 
three years then next following, viz., for every entire seignory in 
Cork, Tipperary, and Waterford, 33L 6s. 8d., and so ratably for 
inferior seignories. 

And for every seignory of 12,000 acres in Limerick, (excepting 
Connelough), from Michaelmas 1590 for three years then next 
following a yearly rent of 62L 10s., and so for every the inferior 
seignories there ratably after that proportion. [Margin.] In 
Limerick, 621. 10s. 

And for every seignory of 12,000 acres in Counelough from 
Michaelmas 1590 for three years then next following a yearly rent 
of 75L, and so ratably for every inferior seignories there. [Margin.] 
In Connelough. 75L 

o / 


1586 VOL. CXXIV. 

And for every seignory of 1 2,000 acres in Kerry and Desmond 
and the territories thereunto adjoining for three years, from 
Michaelmas 1590, 100?., and so ratably for every inferior seignories 
there. [Maroon.] In Kerry and Desmond, 100Z. 

And yielding for every of the said entire seignories of 12,000 
acres from Michaelmas 1593 for ever, double the rent which is 
formerly reserved for the first three years, and so ratably for the 
said inferior seignories. And from and after Michaelmas 1593, 
yielding a herriot upon death or alienation of every head undertaker, 
his heirs or assigns. [Margin."] And from Michaelmas 1593 the 
rents aforesaid to be doubled and so the whole rent to be answered 
for ever. 

Her Majesty is to discharge the same lands of all charges, leases, 
and custodiams before granted by her, and that the said lands and 
all that inhabit upon the same shall be freed of all cesses, taxations, 
exactions, and all other impositions, other than subsidies to be 
granted by Parliament after Michaelmas 1593. [Margin. Here 
is Burgliley's f and it is in the midst of the first page.] f The 
lands to be discharged of all former leases and custodiams, and to 
be freed of all impositions other than subsidies to be granted by 

And if it shall be proved hereafter by any sufficient matter of 
record or other sufficient proof, that any greater rent hath been 
answered to Her Majesty, or any of her progenitors for any of the 
same concealed lands than is in the said articles limited to be 
reserved, that in every such case there shall be reserved an increase 
of so much rent, as together with that which is formerly limited 
may amount to so much rent fully as shall be proved to have been 
payable for the same. [Margin.] If it may appear that any greater 
rent than is before limited have been due for the concealed lands, 
Her Majesty to be fully answered for the same accordingly. 

That all bogs, heaths, and wastes not before appertaining to any 
ploughland shall pass to the undertakers as common grounds, and 
not be reckoned as part of the rented grounds. But for the same 
being hereafter improved a yearly rent of ob. the acre shall be paid. 
[Margin.] Bogs and wastes not to be reckoned as part of the 
rented grounds. For bogs which shall be improved Her Majesty 
to be answered an ob. an acre. 

If any person of Irish birth have lands of estate of inheritance 
within the precincts of the seignories so to be divided, and which 
are holden of Her Majesty by any rents or services, and do belong 
to any the lands by these articles appointed to be divided, Her 
Majesty assenteth that the rents and services thereof shall be granted 
in fee-farm to the undertaker within the precincts of whose seignory 
the same do lie, reserving to Her Highness the same yearly rents 
and services which before was yielded and due to be paid for the 
same lands, over and besides the rents and services reserved for the 
lands which by the same plot are to be divided. [Margin.] The free 
rents and services of such freeholders of Irish birth as have lands 
within the precinct of any of these seignories which heretofore were 




parcel of the same, to be granted to the undertakers. Reserving 
to Her Majesty those rents and services which were before paid, 
over and above the rents to be reserved for the lands. 

A license for the undertakers to transport into all countries 
being in amity with Her Highness all commodities growing upon 
any their own lands without paying custom, subsidy, tonnage, 
poundage, or other duties for the same, for the space of Jive years 
after the feast of St. Michael, anno 1590, and that they may trans- 
port corn or other victuals growing upon their said lands into 
England or Wales without payment of any custom, saving at such 
time as the Governor and Council of that realm, with the consent 
of the President and Council of Munster. shall think meet to re- 
strain the same by reason of dearth. [Margin."] A license to the 
undertakers to transport into any country being in amity with 
Her Highness, commodities growing upon their own lands without 
paying custom, &c. for years. To transport corn or victuals 

into England or Wales without custom. 

That none shall undertake for himself a greater portion than 
12,000 acres. [Margin.] None to take for himself above 12,000 

None of the English people to be there planted shall make any 
estate to any of the mere Irish not descended of an English name 
and ancestor of any the same lands, nor shall permit them to have 
the use or occupation thereof, nor shall impair the principal demesnes 
appointed to be set out by the said plot, otherwise than that the 
principal demesnes may be divided for the several habitations of 
the undertaker. And that an undertaker of 12,000 acres may 
divide the same into two seignories of 6,000 or three seignories of 
4,000 acres. And an undertaker of 8,000 may divide the same 
into two seignories of 4,000, and two undertakers of 6,000 acres may 
take a third person unto them and divide the same into three 
seignories of 4,000 acres a piece. [Margin.] No alienation or 
estate to be made to any of the mere Irish. No division to be made 
of the seignories, but according to Her Majesty's intention here 

That an undertaker of 12,000 acres may impark 600 acres, and 
the inferior seignories rateably after that proportion for deer or 
breeding of horses, and that the same shall be grounds of free warren. 
[Margin.] Liberty to the undertaker to inclose for parks or breeding 
of horses. 

That the undertakers shall be planted together as near as may 
be without intermixture of others, and that the lands left undivided 
for Her Majesty shall likewise lie together by themselves. [Margin.] 
The undertakers of every society to be planted together as near as 
may be conveniently. 

That the heads of every family shall be born of English parents, and 
the heirs females inheritable to any the same lands shall marry with 
none but with persons born of English parents, or with such as 
descend of the first patentees. And no mere Irish to be permitted in 
any family there. [Margin.] The heads of every family to be born 




of English parents. The heirs females to marry with none but with 
persons born of English parents or descended from the first patentees. 

That after Michaelmas 1590, every farmer or freeholder shall 
have in readiness one horse for a light horseman and a man with 
furniture mete^/ serve as a horseman. And the principal under- 
takers of 12,000 acres shall have in readiness three horsemen with 
horses furnished for service, and six footmen with armour and 
weapon ; and so rateably for inferior seignories. And every copy- 
holder of 100 acres to have furniture for one footman. [Margin.] 
Every farmer and freeholder to have in readiness one light horse 
with man and Furniture. The principal undertakers of every entire 
seignory, three horsemen and six footmen, with horse, armour, &c. 
furnished. Every copyholder, furniture for one footman. 

That for seven years next coming none of the said inhabitants 
shall be compelled to travel out of Munster for any service, and 
after that time not above ten horsemen and twenty footmen out of 
a seignory of 12,000 acres, and so rateably for inferior seignories. 
And those to travel not above thirty miles out of Munster, unless 
in case of foreign invasion, and then also not above ten horsemen 
and twenty footmen of a seignory of 12,000 acres, and so rateably 
for inferior seignories. And then to serve at Her Majesty's pay ; 
and not to serve at their own charges in or near Munster above 
twenty-eight days in a year. [Margin.] For seven years none of the 
inhabitants to be compelled to serve out of Munster, and after not 
above ten horsemen and twenty footmen out of an entire seignory, 
and so proportionably for the inferior seignories; and those not 
above thirty miles, but in case of foreign invasion, and then at Her 
Majesty's pay. 

The said inhabitants to be freed for seven years from services in 
England with horse and armour other than in case of foreign in- 
vasion or rebellion, and other than for such as by the laws of the 
realm they are to maintain, besides that which they maintain in 
Munster. [Margin] The said inhabitants be freed for seven years 
from service in England with horse and armour, other than in 
case of foreign invasion and rebellion, 

That for seven years next coming they shall be defended with 
garrisons at Her Majesty's charge, unless in the meantime it be 
thought fit by Her Majesty or desired by the colonies to have them 
removed. And the captains and bands appointed for these garrisons 
to be favourers of this action. [Margin] That they shall be defended 
with garrison at Her Majesty's charge for seven years. 

That the said gentlemen and families may send over out of 
England for their own provision and use all commodities, as well 
prohibited as other, without paying any custom or other duty for 
the space of seven years ; and that the Lord Treasurer shall 
nominate commissioners to see that no greater proportion be 
conveyed over than will serve for the necessary use of the patentees. 
[Margin] Liberty to send provision out of England for their own 
use without paying custom. 




That for deciding of controversies growing amongst themselves, 
or pretended by the Irish in or to any the said lands, commissions 
shall be granted to mete persons to hear and determine the same ; 
and for default of such determination there, then the same to be 
determined by Her Majesty's Council in England. [Margin.} 
Commissions for deciding of controversies there. 

That some of the principal undertakers, such as shall be assigned 
by the Lords of the Council in England or the Governor and Council 
in Ireland, shall be joined in commission with the President and 
Council of Munster for government of that province. [Margin.} 
Some of the principal undertakers to be joined in commission with 
the President of Munster by direction from the Lords of the Council 
or the Governor in Ireland. 

That no person to whom any grant of the premises shall be made 
by Her Highness shall receive entertainment of wages as a soldier 
to continue there without Her Highness' license first had. [Margin.} 
No patentee to have entertainment or wages as a soldier. 

That Sir Christopher Hatton and the gentlemen undertakers of 
Cheshire and Lancashire shall have assigned unto them the lands in 
the great county and small county of Limerick (except Connelough) 
and in Tipperary and Waterford, except so much in Waterford 
as is hereafter assigned to the undertakers of Cork. [Margin.} 
How the undertakers shall be sorted in several counties, viz., Sir 
Christopher Hatton, &c., Limerick, Tipperary, and Waterford, except 
Connelough and part of Waterford. 

That Sir Walter Kawley and the gentlemen undertakers of 
Devonshire, Somersetshire, and Dorsetshire shall have assigned unto 
them the lands in Cork, with so much land in Lisfinin and near 
thereunto adjoining in Waterford as shall not exceed two seignories 
of 12,000 acres a piece. [Margin.} Sir Walter ^Bawley, &c., Cork 
and part of Waterford. 

That Sir Valentine Browne and those that are joined in society 
with him shall have assigned unto them the lands in Kerry and 
Desmond, and the territories near adjoining. [Margin.} Sir Valentine 
Browne, &c., Kerry and Desmond. 

That Sir William Courtney and the gentlemen undertakers with 
him shall have assigned unto them the lands in Connelough, parcel 
of the great county of Limerick. [Margin.} Sir William Courtney, 
&c., Connelough. 

That if any of the said lands be evicted from any of the under- 
takers, by reason of any lawful grant or estate heretofore made by 
any the late owners thereof, that then, so much of Her Majesty's 
rent shall be abated rateably according to that proportion, during 
the continuance of the estate whereby the same shall be so evicted. 
[Margin.} Part of the rent to be defalked, if any part of the land 
be lawfully evicted from the patentees. 

That commissions shall be awarded to mete persons, as well to 
apportion the said several seignories according to the meaning of 
the said plot, as upon consideration of the goodness of the soil, to 
limit how the several rents before reserved, shall be rated and ap- 



portioned. So always as upon such limitation there be reserved for 
the several seignories aforesaid, so much yearly rent in the whole 
as is already before set down to be reserved and paid yearly for the 
same. [Margi&J Commissions to divide and set out the seignories, 
and to apportion and rate the rent, according to the goodness of the 

That the acres herein mentioned shall be accompted after the rate 
of 16 foot to the perch or pole. [Margin.] The acre accompted after 
16 foot to the pole. 

That the undertakers may grant estates of such portion of land 
as are limited for freeholders in fee-simple or fee- tail, to be holden 
of themselves as of the same seignory, by such rents as the under- 
takers shall think good to reserve for the same. [Margin.] The 
principal undertakers to make estates to freeholders and under- 

That the undertakers may keep courts baron within the said 
several seignories in such manner as the lords of manors in England 
may do. [Margin] The undertakers to keep court baron in their 
several seignories. [Indorsed by Burghley.] Articles whereupon the 
Queen's Majesty's grant is made for peopling of Munster. pp. 3. 

[June 21.] 88. Copy of the above abstract, but without the marginal notes. 
[The copy is not exact.] pp. 5. 

June 21. 89. Burghley to . Sir, whan I had receaved the articles 

for the book of Monster I found on article in the middest of the 
first page, which I have thus notedf, whereof I douted that Hir 
Majesty might minister to you some opposition, for that therby is 
not expressly saved such thyngs, as she hath granted all redy by 
hir letters, to men of service ther to have, but sendinge for Mr. 
Attornaye and my papers, we have thus thought mete to inform 
you, that uppon a paper conteaning certen requests which I do send 
unto you herewith in the third pagine, I did mislyk of the 2 article 
and noted in the margent as you may se. And beside this con- 
sideryng we here of no grant, nor of any challendg made, but by 
Sir G. Bourcher and Edward Barkley, the matter is saff for them ij, 
for Sir Edward Fitton being here with Mr. Attornay sayth, that 
ther ij porcions, viz., Lough Gyr and Asketyn, ar specially left out 
in Sir Valentine Brown's book : and in lyk sort are left out iij por- 
tions for the president, so as if Hir Majesty mak objection to that 
article f you may answer hir in this sort. And if that shall not 
content, we have devised to have a proviso added to the book though 
it be signed, but that may perhaps mak many start asyde, because 
of the uncertainty, and so I end as weary as any that hath gon a 
pilgrimage. 21 Junii 1586. Yours most assured with all thank- 
fullness, W. Burghley. p. 1. Incloses, 

89. i. Certain requests made by the undertakers further than 
hath been already set down : 

That the book agreed upon do pass under the Great Seal of 
England as a declaration of Her Majesty's pleasure in what sort 
and with what conditions the undertakers shall have and enjoy the 




lands in Munster, in Ireland, to be granted unto them for he 
performance of Her Majesty's good intention in the peopling of 
that country. [Margin in Burghley 's hand.] Granted. 

That it is very necessary that the lands concealed and detained 
should pass together with the attainted lands, all after one manner, 
being a good bargain for Her Majesty, and will content the under- 
takers greatly, in respect they do lie together. And if they should 
be severed by intermixture of strangers to them, and perhaps to 
this action, it would be very inconvenient, besides some part of the 
lands already surveyed is lands concealed and did grow neither by 
forfeiture or escheat. [Margin by Burghley.] To inquire of the 
quantities and the titles. 

That it be set down in the said declaration that the rent now 
agreed upon for every entire seignory be referred to the Commis- 
sioners of every county, to be by them set down according to the 
goodness of the soil, provided, notwitJistanding, that Her Majesty 
shall be answered in every county the whole rent set down in the 
book of survey, or so much as within the said counties of Cork, 
Tipper ary, and Waterford may amount in the whole, accounting 
the one with the other, unto 1 00 marks for every entire seignory, 
and so the inferior seignories after that rate, and in like manner 
for the other counties, after the rate of the rent agreed upon and 
set down. [Margin by Burghley.] Granted. 

That the freeholders of Irish birth which shall happen to lie or 
have lands within any the divisions now to be apportioned to the 
undertakers [belonging to the lands now to be granted,] their services 
and tenures to be granted from Her Majesty to the undertakers, 
[to be answered to Her Majesty by the undertakers,'] over and above 
the lands that shall pass according to the plot, and the principal 
undertaker to stand chargeable to Her Majesty with so much rent 
or services as he shall receive of any such freeholder over and above 
the rent of the seignory. [Margin by Burghley.] Granted. 

That the form of the grants to be made to the undertakers be 
considered of, and set down here, in England, by Her Majesty's 
learned counsel in the law, in such sort as the same shall pass, 
without any alteration hereafter to be made thereof in Ireland. 
[Margin by Burghley.] Granted. The form to be made here and 
sent into Ireland. 

That there be three several commissions made for the survey and 
division of the lands as is aforesaid, to such Commissioners as 
are already set down, or as shall be set down for the more and 
better expedition of the service. [Margin by Burghley.] Granted. 
Warrant to the Lord Deputy. 

[The following paragraph has been cancelled :] " That at the pub- 
lishing of every commission, notification be given to the freeholders, 
copyholders, or other tenants in the several baronies, to bring in and 
show forth by a day to be prefixed by the Commissioners,^ what title 
or interest they have or can make to any the lands lying within 
any the baronies, lordships, &c. [In Burghley 's hand is added] 
being escheated or forfeited." 


1586. VoL ' 

That letters be written to the Lord Deputy and Chancellor to 
give order that all expedition be used in the passing of the grants 
to the undertakers ; and that the said Lord Deputy do forthwith 
send commissioners into Munster (if already he have not) to 
examine the titltr-yf such freeholders, copyholders, and others, as 
do make claim to any the lands lately surveyed, according to his 
former instructions. [Margin by Burghley.] Granted. 

[The following paragraph has been cancelled :] " That such Irish 
persons as are doubted will do hurt, or may cross and hi/nder 
the service, be sent over by the Lord Deputy into England, until 
the undertakers shall have planted themselves in some safety for 
tfieir own defence. [Margin by Burghley.] Seneschal of ImokUly, 
Patrick Condon." 

[This is the second article in the third page which Burghley mis- 
liked, as he states in his letter of June 21. It has one line crossed 
through it.] " That such men of service in Ireland as hath been 
promised to be rewarded with some grants of the attainted lands 
in Munster may receive recompence for the service from Her 
Majesty, with grants of such of the attainted lands as now are in 
Her Majesty's disposition, within the English Pale or otherwise." 
[It is noted in the margin in Burghley's hand, and not dele'd.] 
Letters to be written to the Lord Deputy to certify the names of the 
persons to whom Her Majesty hath made grants in recompence of 
service, with condition that they shall take the lands with like 
conditions as these undertakers. 

That a special commission be directed to certain of Her Majesty's 
Council to license the undertakers and their followers, to carry or 
send over for their own proper use and behoof such money as to 
them shall seem convenient, any statute, proclamation, danger, or 
penalty heretofore inflicted to the contrary notwithstanding. 
[Margin by Burghley.] Granted. 

That the principal undertakers may be freed in Ireland of im- 
post for all manner of wines in some convenient proportion to be 
spent in their own houses. [Margin by Burghley.] It is granted 
to Mr. Bronkard. 

That my Lord Treasurer be made acquainted with the overcharge 
of horse and footmen laid upon the farmers and freeholders as 
appeareth by his Honour's " marginall note," which is thought to 
be mistaken. [Margin by Burghley.] Reformed. 

That commissions be granted from the Council for the taking up 
of shipping for the undertakers, and also for the transportation 
of grain and all other necessaries. 

[Indorsed :] Certain new requests of the undertakers, pp. 3. 

June 23. 90. G. Fenton to Burghley. It may please your Lordship, for 
Dublin. that no commissioners have been as yet sent from hence into 
Munster, to perfect the survey of the escheated lands there, and to 
compound with the intermixtors, according to an instruction brought 
by me from your Lordships. And for that I know not when any 
will be appointed here, notwithstanding my often soliciting of the 
Lord Deputy, I am bold to acquaint your Lordship therewith, partly 


1586. VOL ' CXXIV ' 

for my own discharge, and partly to remember your Lordship that 
it is needful this defect be remedied from thence before the country 
be apportioned and cast into parts, to the which the agreeing with 
the freeholders and intermixtors aforehand will make a special pre- 
paration. And if it be left to do till the troops of gentlemen that 
shall be sent from thence, shall come to view the soil and seek for 
their places of settling, the difficulty will be the greater both to the 
one and other, but chiefly it will delay and interrupt the execution 
of the plot, besides the loss of this year's time, both to Her Majesty 
and the takers [undertakers]. 

Sorley Boy [M'Donnell] since my last letter to your Lordship is 
despatched from hence to his good liking, as he pretendeth by out- 
ward appearance. He is pardoned and made free denizen by letters 
patents, and hath passed unto him by indenture the best part of the 
Route, with covenant and promise in the same indenture that 
upon Her Majesty's liking and signification of her pleasure, that 
portion shall be assured to him and his heirs male, under the 
Broad Seal ; and in the meanwhile he is to keep the castle of 
Dunluce as Her Majesty's constable, without further interest as 
I take it. The other part of the Eoute is divided to M'Quillin, who 
nevertheless sheweth great discontentment therewith, and is not as 
yet brought to allow of such partition, although in the end I think 
necessity will frame him more than reason. 

There is yet nothing done in the instructions for the revenues, 
neither can I do more than I have done by solicitation, for that I 
receive still one answer, that when the other affairs shall be past 
over .those instructions shall be called to question ; only about two 
months past his Lordship sent them to the auditor [Jenyson] to set 
down his opinion to the several parts, which he performed by writ- 
ing, and returned the same to his Lordship subscribed, and so they 
have rested ever since, wherefore if it would please your Lordship, 
as in a former letter I have remembered you, to charge me with 
this default, as though the execution of those instructions were 
so long delayed by my negligence, it would somewhat quicken the 
matter which otherwise may perhaps be too long protracted, p. 1. 

June 24. 91. Wallop to Burghley. That Mr. Gardener, the Chief Justice, 
Dublin. may be joined in commission for his account. O'Donnell came here 
yesterday. This year there will be no great stir in the North. 
Wants money and victuals. Wheat, 4Z. the quarter, pp. 2. 

June 24. 92. The Chancellor to Sir Eichard Byngham. An injunction to 
Kathfarnham. give up the abbey of Boyle to William Usgher, of Dublin, gent. 

\_Wrn. Usher, afterwards Sir Wm. Usher, spelt his name Uscher. 

See subsequent signatures.] p. 1. 

June 25. 93. Sir Edw. Waterhous to Burghley. For help, being sick and 
oppressed, p. . 

June 27. 94. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley. Great commen- 
Dublin. dation of Mr. Justice Walshe. His service this last Parliament. 
p. I. 




June 27. 95. Grant by Queen Elizabeth of the escheated lands in Munster 
to the undertakers. Copy of the first grant, pp. 

[June 27.] 96. Form of the grant to be passed to the undertakers, pp. 3J. 

June 27. 97. An article in Her Majesty's letters patent that the under- 
takers may have a freedom of custom for seven years, p. 1. 

June 27. 98-100. Three copies of the above, p. 1. 

June 28. 101. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley. For payment of 501. to James 

Baggetrath, near Ryan. V. 3. 
Dublin. r 

June. 102. Note touching the seignories surveyed in Cork. It is 

thought that some of the Western gentlemen will not find room. 

June. 103. Note by Jacques Wingfeld, of provision for the IJandmaid 

and the Ordnance Office in Ireland, p. 1. 

June. 104. The charge laid upon Sir Nicholas Malby by the certificate 

out of Ireland, pp. 1. 

July 1. 


July 1. 

July G. 


1. G. Fenton to Burghley. The bearer, Briar Bland, was in Spain 
about sixteen days past, who being of Chester, and one of the 
number of merchants that have been detained there by the King's 
restraint, escaped by the help of a Scottish man, with whom he 
passed into Scotland, and from thence arrived here yesternight. 
The Lord Deputy has appointed him to repair speedily to Mr. 
Secretary Walsyngham, to make further overture of things that 
have occurred in Spain in the time of his restraint. I find that in 
regard of the hard measure, he hath found amongst the Spaniards, 
he uttereth many things against them that smelleth of passion and 
discontentment. He speaketh much of a priest of this nation 
remaining in Spain, by whom many good offices have been done 
to the English, and is able to make discovery of their secret and 
weighty pretences against Her Majesty if he were called home, 
with the which I am bold to acquaint your Lordship, being of 
opinion for my own part that if he were withdrawn from thence 
he could and would deliver many profitable informations, and in 
that point the bearer might be made a fit instrument, p. 1. 

2. P. Baron of Dunsany to Burghley. 
ment of 600Z. Sufficiency of his band. 
Education of his son. p. 1. 

Urges the speedy pay- 
Distress of his creditors. 

3. James Myaghe to Burghley. I fear that I am put in dislike 
with your Honor through some hard information given of me 



without any just cause, but wholly grounded upon malice, as shall 
appear to your Honor hereafter. And for that I see no way for 
discovering the truth of my upright dealing, but by revealing the 
whole circumstance of my proceedings, I have thought it necessary 
with your Honor's good favour to certify as followeth : first, that 
I being a citizen of Cork, and by my profession a merchant 
" Ventourer," I was not only very well able to live and maintain 
myself with credit amongst my neighbours, but also did increase 
Her Majesty's revenues there every year by the trade I kept in 
transporting of wines from beyond the seas, ti]l that unhappy time 
of the rebellion of Munster, at which time the whole province did 
stand in danger by the enemies. The which did give me cause to 
cease my trade and forsake my house in employing myself from home 
upon great occasion of the furthering of Her Majesty's service, the 
which I refer to the testimony and knowledge of such as I have 
been conversant among for the time ; and chiefly to the testimony 
and good opinion of such of credit as have commended me before 
your Honors, Her Majesty's most honourable Privy Council, as may 
appear by the letter sent over to the Lord Grey, being then Lord 
Deputy, wherein I was commended as a faithful subject and good 
servitor ; which did so animate and put me forward ever after as I 
did not spare to endanger my life and spend my goods in the 
furtherance of Her Majesty's service, maintenance of the garrisons, 
and comforting the distressed Earl of Clancarty to continue his 
loyalty, and so continued till the said rebellion was appeased. At 
which time, being determined to come to England to have some 
recompence at Her Majesty's hands for my service and losses 
sustained, I repaired to the Lord Deputy that now is upon his first 
coming over to crave as well his license as his letters of favour in 
my behalf. The which being granted and the news of the landing 
of the Scots in the North being come his Honor thought good to 
stay me and appoint me an office, by which having charge of both 
" Com' " Desmond, and Kerry for that year, I have discharged my 
duty sufficiently therein. And after my year was out (Mr. Ralph 
Lane appointed sheriff of Kerry and Harry Moyle sheriff of Desmond) 
I repaired to Dublin towards the Lord Deputy to renew my former 
suit in procuring his Lordship's letters and passport into England. 
But it appeared so to his Honor by the commendations of my 
Lord President and divers others of the Council of Munster that 
his Honor thought it very necessary to call in the patent of the 
said Harry Moyle and caused me to stay for another year to be 
sheriff of Desmond, which did give cause to the said Harry Moyle 
to seek sinister means by all that he could devise for my discredit 
and undoing, and for that he could not get anything wherewith to 
charge me, he was not afraid to confer with the notorious traitors 
and rebels whom I have apprehended and brought to Cork with 
great danger of my life. And being arraigned and condemned for 
high treason the said Moyle did promise them to be a mean to stay 
their execution and procure their pardon at his own charges if they 
did prefer in their own names such information as he put in 




writing against me. The which was so performed by the one and 
the other as may appear by certain papers of the said Moyle's own 
penning, ready to be showed. And so by that his undutiful dealings, 
he procured that the said traitors were brought from the place of 
execution, and in like manner he procured the Earl of Clancarty's 
base son, whom I have apprehended and brought to Cork, where he 
was arraigned for treason, to make an escape in the night over the 
walls of the city, to the end, as he thought, he might despatch me. 
But I have so after-weakened him, as he was fain after the killing 
of most part of his men to submit himself at Her Majesty's mercy 
and grace. And this is the original ground of all those complaints 
framed against me by the said Harry Moyle, who finding a proud 
gentleman in Desmond named O'Sullivan More to be my enemy, 
because I did execute my office with severity against certain of 
his men for divers their treacherous practices, and having also 
apprehended a cousin of his for giving maintenance by meat, drink, 
and weapons to certain rebels that were then in action against 
Her Majesty, after which committing the party to prison the said 
O'Sullivan offering me great rewards for concealing his said wicked 
doings, I rejected his unlawful offer, from whence all our discord 
proceeded, wherefore Harry Moyle understanding thereof, repaired 
to the said gentleman's house, promising him that if he did follow 
his advice and counsel, he would not only get means for the 
acquitting of his said cousin, but also work such ways, as I should be 
brought to my discredit and undoing, whereupon the said Moyle 
remained at this gentleman's house an eight days, framing false 
articles and books against me. The which being tried in Dublin, 
Cork, Limerick, and Clonmel, the same was such stuff, as God be 
praised could take no force to do me harm, as may appear most 
plain by their own bills of complaints ready to be showed, Last 
and worst (my very good Lord) these two advesaries joining in 
one procured certain of the Council of Munster to be my very heavy 
friends ; insomuch as they framed a bill of indictment against me, 
which they preferred at that only sessions that ever was holden at 
Desmond, which I have brought thither wholly at mine own 
proper charges ; and that their doings being known to the vice- 
president to be grounded upon malice, his worship rejected the said 
bill. And for that I departed with all the speed I could to Dublin 
to complain before the Lord Deputy how greatly I was misused by 
these their unjust dealings, and that I brought with me the said 
bill of indictment to be showed to his Honour, I have given cause to 
such as before were against me of the said council that they are 
ever since my great enemies, seeking by all means to discredit and 
hinder me. But for my part, inasmuch as I know mine own secrets, 
and that I never did anything contrary to my duty, hurtful to the 
state of the country, or offensive to any good subject, I am most 
humbly to crave that honourable favor as to cause any such as do 
inform against me to be brought before your Honor and Mr. 
Secretary, or any other whom your Honours do appoint. And to 
cause them to exhibit all the articles they can, and if they may any 


1586. VOL.CXXV. 

way justly prove that I have offended contrary to my duty, let me 
be not only rejected and put from your Honor's good favor, bulb also 
be grievously punished for ensample to all other, considering how I 
was appointed officer as one of trust and good expectation. And 
t this I crave for God's cause and way of justice ; and finally my good 
Lord, if it were not for fear I might be suspected to work of malice, 
I could object sundry articles against the said Harry Moyle of his 
misdemeanor against Her Majesty and common weal of Munster, 
since his continuance there, the which if your Honor vouchsafe the 
hearing thereof, I will prove them before your Honors or the Lord 
Deputy of Ireland, pp. 2. 

[July 6.] 4. Services of James Myaghe. The cloth he took from Sir John of 
Desmond, which was painted at Rome and always set up on stakes 
when Dr. Sanders said mass in the field. With copies of the 
testimonials of the Lords, &c. of Cork, Kerry, and Dingle, pp. 5. 

[July 6.] 5. Particular notes of the services of James Myaghe in Cork, 
Kerry, and Desmond, during the whole of the rebellion, pp. 4. 

[July G.] 6. Testimonials of the lords, knights, and gentlemen of the 
county of Cork, the county of Desmond, and the county of Kerry, 
together with the testimonials of the mayor and others of Cork, 
and of the portreeve and others of the Dingle, on the behalf of 
James Myaghe of Cork, gent., from July 20th to December 3rd, 
1585. [Copies."] pp. 5. 

[July 6.] 7. Petition of James Meagh to the Privy Council, for a pension 
in recompense of his good service while sheriff of the county of 
Desmond, p. 1. 

[July 6.] 8. Petition of James Myaghe to Sir F. Walsyngham. That as 
he has purged himself of the crimes laid to his charge by H. Moyle, 
he may be presently despatched, with any one of his three suits. 
p. I. 

[July 6.] 9. Petition of Henry Moylle, son of the Lady Newnham, to 
Burghley. That where the Lady Newnham, being sister to Mr. 
Jacques Wingfield, had the custodiam of the Clonshoghes in the 
county of Dublin, and two houses in Dublin, which were granted 
at her death by the last Lord Deputy to Mr. Montague, petitioner 
being absent on Her Majesty's service, the said custodiam may be 
revoked and granted to him. p. 1. 

July 8. 10. Wallop to Walsyngham. Sir, in what harsh sort Sir William 
Dublin. Stanley hath come by the companies he hath levied here, and how 
troublesome it hath been to him, I leave to his own report, sup- 
posing if care and diligence had been used he might have had two 
good bands of soldiers more than those he hath, the impediment he 
will tell you. 

For the state of the country. In Ulster, there are already some 
Scots that have much hurt Sir John O'Dogherty, and [it is] 
thought that Angus M'Donnell will come shortly with more, which 


1586. OL - CXXV ' 

I am the rather induced to believe, for that O'Neill's wife, mother 
to Angus and Donnell Gorm M'Donnell, did within these few days 
return my Lord Deputy a pardon which he had sent for the said 
Donnell Gorm and a younger brother of his, saying that after the 
date of that pardon they had offended so as that would stand them 
in no stead, but required no other pardon. Also she wrote that 
she had sent the indentures of covenants which she received of his 
Lordship, to her son Angus, which if he would not accept that 
then according to her promise she would return the same to his 
Lordship, which two points considered, it argueth their mind to 
make some stir ere long be. 

In Connaught there is some stir by some of the Burkes in the 
county of Mayo, which Sir Richard Byngham thinketh hath partly 
grown by the maintenance the Lord Deputy hath given to Mr. 
Francis Barkley and Tibbot Dillon against him. Assuredly the 
Lord Deputy dealeth very hardly with Sir "Richard, and generally 
with us all that be English ; of this I am sure that Sir Richard 
himself both hath and will more at large advertise your Honor. 

Understanding my Lord Deputy hath lately sent over a book of 
his great charges, mentioning what great sums he spendeth above all 
his entertainments, lest you should be thereby persuaded that it is 
true and accordingly persuade Her Majesty, in respect of the great 
goodwill I bear your Honor, I have thought good to let your 
Honor understand it is not as his Lordship advertiseth, which by 
apparent reasons and proofs I can and will make appear to your 
Honor, if you require the same, and in the meantime for a taste 
thereof he rateth his victuals, as I am well able to prove, much 
higher than they stand him in, measureth his weekly expense by a 
medium between two weeks in the whole year which were in the 
dearest time and at such times as he was at much more extraordinary 
charges than at any time else, so as his weekly charges will not fail 
out upon due trial so much by 20 marks a week as it is set down 
at the rates he mentioneth ; and for his stable charges, which he 
setteth down to be 1,700., the first year it stood him in nothing by 
reason of the cess. The last year it stood him not in 400Z., for that 
he kept not in the house this last winter above 44 horses at the 
most ; 30 whereof were kept with the provision of Athlone and 12 
or 14 with the hay of Kilmainham, and for grass it costeth him 
nothing, neither summer nor winter. And besides he setteth not 
down his entertainments so large as they are, and I am sure he 
hath sold, besides the expense of his house, above 700 or 800 beeves, 
and hath not bought 100, how he hath come by the rest, there is 
mo see than he thinketh. This much only to inform your Honor of 
the truth of that matter. Holograph, pp. 2. 

July 9. 11. Mr. Solicitor Roger Wilbraham to Burghley. It is received 
news that 500 Scots, arrived about a month past, live on spoil in the 
north. Sorley [Boy] M'Donnell, who lately showed express tokens 
of humble submission and unfeigned allegiance to Her Majesty, is 
lately from hence departed, pardoned " indenized," and promised by 
indenture made by my Lord [Deputy] and the State hence, to have 
3. G 


1586. - CXXV - 

hereafter by Her Majesty's letters patent four towaghes or baronies 
in the Route to him and the heirs male of his body, and the con- 
stableship of the castle of Dunluce at Her Majesty's pleasure, the 
tenure knight's service, the yearly payment of 50 beeves, 12 horse- 
men and 40 footmen to every hosting, with divers articles for his 
dutiful allegiance such as Angus M'Donnell is enjoined unto. 
M'Quillin, his competitor, is departed discontented because the 
desert and barren country is allotted only to him, and therefore 
seeketh no assurance thereof. Sir Hugh Magennis, the best re- 
conciled subject, the bountifullest and orderly est housekeeper in the 
North, intendeth this day to prefer at Council Board a grievous 
complaint against the Earl of Tyrone, now come to Dublin (as 
some think not without protection), and against his brethren and 
followers, charging the Earl (ut est vox populi} to desire ambitiously 
to have all in the North to depend upon him as the urraghs, &c., 
alledging that for these three years, since he accepted his lands, and 
became a dependent upon Her Majesty, he hath received (as he 
believeth for that cause) many outrageous injuries ; in especial, 
within this month the Earl's brethren and followers have murdered, 
wounded, and in warlike manner in the night burned and preyed 
upon divers his best followers and servants, and spoiled one island 
and a town of his. Mr. Marshall [Bagenall] and Sir Hugh think 
my Lord Deputy gives him too great countenance, &c. And it is 
credibly reported none dare travel between Dundalk and the Newry, 
for fear of the Earl's followers, infandum nefas. 

The news is come fresh, that the Burkes and others, 400 swords, 
are out in Connaught, the most risen out very lately, Sir Richard 
Byngham doubteth some greater combination. They utterly refuse 
government of any other officers but their own, although they 
before willingly condescended to the composition. Some of the 
Irishry inhabiting in that country, and of some credit there (indeed 
dislikers of Sir Richard), say the cause of this trouble is because the 
country is grievously oppressed and spoiled daily by unlawful cesses 
and extortions of sheriffs since the composition, and not improbable ; 
for upon our new late reviving of our Star Chamber Court, two 
several bills against two of the sheriffs in Connaught are preferred ; 
the one of them containeth 24 articles of outrageous offences, 
as unlawful execution by martial law of gentlemen of living without 
cause, cess, and grievous extortion, &c. ; by their punishment others 
will be warned, and henceforth we hope to draw in sheriffs to 
account, which innovation will hold back governor's men and 
councillor's friends from their eager desire to become sheriffs. Any 
in my place that will faithfully prosecute against such great offenders 
shall be maligned, for every cause of weight preferred for Her 
Majesty hath strong adversaries, but God's grace, Her Majesty's, 
and next your Lordship's favour and countenance, where my honest 
service may deserve it, will sufficiently shield me from danger. We 
here (not as in England) are glad to plead for all the Queen's 
farmers in the Exchequer, and all poor complainants in the castle 
chamber without fees, otherwise the poor subject should be oppressed 
with countenance. 



There come sometimes letters from Her Majesty for pensions and 
fee-farms which we sometimes stay in passing when we find them to 
contain false suggestions, and I moved my Lord Deputy and Council 
for stay of a fee-farm to be granted by warrant of Her Majesty's letters 
to one Henry Comerford (upon supposal of his good service, though 
it be well known here he hath been a rebel), because he is charged 
with 4:001. arrearages to Her Majesty for unlawful intruding upon the 
same lands many years, for that being bare himself, he refuseth to 
put in sufficient sureties for answering such arrearages. The Earl of 
Ormond, who procured this letter, as is conjectured, will be offended 
if it be stayed, because the said Comerford is his man or follower, 
as is informed. If it would please your Lordship in Her Majesty's 
letters of fee-farms to express the tenure to be knight's service as we 
require for the Queen, or else in soccage, that direction or other 
direction by your Lordship's private letters would satisfy the parties, 
who hope ever by general letters there and special friends here, to 
have the easiest tenure. And in knight's service tenures I wish 
direction, that a straight proviso were appointed (in such patents 
which Her Highness passeth of mere bounty), that the patentees 
nor their heirs, shall not do or suffer any act to defraud Her 
Majesty of wardship, more than the subjects of England, who hold 
by like tenure may do, since 32 Hen. VIII., for I find it almost 
impossible to abolish these defrauding feoffments to uses, by parlia- 
ment or otherwise ; the judges and learned of this land, as well as the 
people, are addicted to maintain them to their advantage. And now 
no ward can fall to the Queen except in few cases, where by some 
quiddity in law, we disprove by jury the perfect execution of the 
ancestors' fraudulent feoffments, and then the Deputy's man hath 
the ward, and we our labour for our pains. 

Our bishops, cathedral churches, and clergy make unconscionable 
long leases for 200 and 99 years, reserving small rents which may 
prove greatly to endamage religious successors, when God shall call 
the country to the knowledge of His word, and to the rule of civility, 
and, therefore, where these laws are defective, it were not amiss if 
by instructions out of England, they were upon their installations 
enjoined not to lease above 21 years ; and those already invested to 
be prohibited. And likewise I could wish Mr. Brouncker's successor, 
farmer to that impost (whose profitable lease expireth at Michael- 
mas next), and all other collectors of any Her Majesty's casual 
or certain revenue, should always put in sufficient sureties, which 
is not done with us. Justice Walshe, shortly, and Sir Robert Dillon 
the next term, will be at Court to sue for favors. Mr. Walshe had 
ever the special favour of my Lord Deputy, and assureth himself of 
my Lord of Ormond in England, whose favourite he is, so as he 
cannot doubt of any reasonable suit, alledging (ut mos est) the 
slenderness of his entertainment and the goodness of his service. 
I have no cause to envy any man's preferment, yet it may import 
that your Honor be remembered that Sir Robert Dillon in the 
English Pale ahd Mr. Walshe in Munster, be of the wealthiest 
subjects under noblemen. Mr. Walshe, only by the countenance of 

G 2 



his place and the happiness of the time. And to speak truth, I 
think them of the best deserving lawyers here, the rather because 
they never received bounty from Her Majesty as others have done. 
The woad is much hoped after. Many gentlemen discouraged to 
take Munster lands because the beautiful and profitable habitations 
are already appropriated to courtiers. Holograph p. 1. 


July 10. 12. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. My singular 
Waterford. good Lord I have adventured to send to Her Majesty, the original 
whereof this enclosed is a copy, with a few lines expressing my 
grief to be touched in public pulpit for a matter so much importing 
to Her Majesty's service, as I took it, without prejudice to the thing, 
whereof the toucher's pretended offence doth arise, I thought good 
first to acquaint your Honor therewith, to the end the same may be 
stayed or delivered, as to your wisdom shall seem best. And so 
have I written to Mrs. Blanche, unto whom I committed the pre- 
senting of my letter to Her Majesty. My good Lord, pardon my 
earnestness against this public reprehension of a young prelate,* 
whose years (in common judgment) serves better to con a sermon, 
than to discern what may follow of the forcibleness thereof at this 
time in this land. This kind of proceeding breeds wishes in some 
that he had been spared till riper years, or that we whose experience 
seems little in his sight, were better used, or left to a private life. 
Howsoever Sir Lucas Dillon and myself might differ in other 
things, yet (our long continuance in service considered) we must 
join in one queremony against this hard dealing. And also humbly 
expostulate with your Honor an article of instruction brought hither 
by Mr. Fenton, by which it is signified that in matters of secrecy 
and importance, the English Council should be only used, and the 
Irish forborne. 

Hereof the Chancellor hath not only privately put the Deputy 
often in remembrance (as he saith),but also openly in our own hear- 
ing challenged his Lordship for using of us, and excluding of him and 
others contrary to that instruction. Whether the Deputy hath done 
so, or what moved him to the one or the other, I leave it to himself 
that can best declare it. For mine own part I most humbly yield 
to Her Majesty's limitation and yours, either in distinction of 
matters or diversity of persons ; for, so long as my loyalty be not 
doubted, longer than which I desire not to live, T account it a 
favour to be spared ; acknowledging my insufficiency to discharge 
the part of so able a councillor as the " myxture " of this land doth 
require. And here leaving off this matter, wherein I refer my will 
wholly to yours, I am to let your Honor to understand, that this 
bearer, Justice Walshe, is generally recommended by us all, for a 
faithful servant to Her Majesty, and myself in particular can best 
witness his honest disposition from his youth, having had some part 
of his bringing up with me ; and therefore am the bolder to make 

* Thomas Jones, after-wards Archbishop of Dublin and Lord Chancellor, and twice Lord 
Justice of Ireland, and father of Viscount Ranelagh ; he died in 1619. 


1586. VoL - 

my special commendation of him to your Honor, as the patron of 
all those whom you think to be good and honest. His case is hard 
after his long service, to be made worse than he was before his 
removing into Her Majesty's Chief Bench ; but the necessity of a 
judge in that court after the death of Butler, and the Parliament 
being then at hand, moved the Deputy to draw him out of Munster 
as a fit man to serve both turns, with an intention to prefer him to 
be Chief Justice of that court and one of Her Majesty's Privy 
Council. And now the same being otherwise disposed, we see that 
the fee of the second place is so small as he is not able to live 
thereon, which drives him to repair thither to lay his case and his 
long service before Her Majesty and your Lordships, protesting to 
me, that the report which he hath heard of some good words given 
out by your Lordship of him, is the chiefest comfort of his journey. 
And for that I might be thought too affectionate to the man, I 
leave his trial to your Honor who can best judge of his sufficiency, 
most humbly beseeching your Lordship to stand his good Lord, 
and that in respect of his long service he may be graced with a 
councillor's room, not doubting but Her Majesty's service shall 
go the better forward by his assistance ; it is no breach of order, for 
that we have a precedent in Sir Anthony Sentleger's time, that 
one Thomas Howth, second Justice of that Bench, was made a 
councillor for his good deserts, pp. 2. Incloses, 

12. i. Dr. John Long, Primate of Armagh, to Sir Nicholas 
White. Sir, I Jiave sent you the cause, and the 'very state of the 
controversy, and manner of handling the same, and the effect 
thereof lately moved, and very strangely in pulpit prosecuted by 
the Bishop of Meath. The controversy was moved by reason of a 
councillors words at the Council Table, meaning yourself as the 
Bishop confessed to me. [margin, The councillor is Sir Nicholas 
White], who moved the Lord Deputy that if in regard of the time, 
and the great matters of Parliament that were in hand, he would 
use tolerance in the matter of oath and religion, for which many 
gentlemen of the Pale were then called before his Lordship, whereof 
some were not thoroughly instructed, and others scant at all taught, 
he might draw them in matters of policy to good conformity, 
which motion the Bishop impugned (as he saith) tJien ; but not con- 
tented with this [margin, the state of the question], hath in open 
pulpit taken occasion to stir this controversy : Whether magistrates 
may tolerate with Papists ? For so he thinketh of them, as appeareth 
by his words : idolaters, papists, and infidels. In which opinion he 
flatly affirmeth they cannot but rather root them out, for that they 
will be pi*icks in their eyes, thorns in their sides, and whips to their 
backs, and privately digressed to tax the Governor of carelessness in 
the execution hereof, and, as by inference appeareth, for having 
too much familiarity or trust with councillors not well affected 
in religion, and contemning some one godly bishop, whom he pro- 
duced in the person of Ambrose, and yourself in the person of 


1586. - CXXV ' 

This manner, howsoever the matter be, I utterly mislilce, in that 
the foundation was laid at the Council Board, and there ought 
the rest of the building to be finished, and not to make a matter of 
state, so greatly touching the commonwealth, to be a by-word or 
table-talk through the whole land. This hath done more hurt 
than any governors tolerance, for now will the people imagine 
many things betwixt the Deputy's forbearing and this kind of 
severe preaching. The doctrine delivered by the Bishop was that 
Christian Princes must root out idolatry and not join in an 
unequal yoke with infidels. This is true divinity confessed by all 
men, but the Bishop thinketh this doctrine to be impugned because 
it was delivered by Mr. Powell, at whose sermon I was not, that 
princes might tolerate with idolaters for the strength of the realm 
and the increase of God's church, so that they were not permitted 
publicly to commit idolatry nor infect others, and had instructions 
provided for them. 

The Bishop entered the pulpit the second time, crieth out of an 
indirect course begun to impugn his doctrine, which he craveth 
pardon to follow for his own defence. He showeth to his skill the 
contrariety of the doctrines, calleth the preacher a maintainer of 
idolatry, glanced at me with unseemly words, and generally as he 
entered the pulpit, with collusion and dissimulation (for it was 
given out the Lord Chancellor should preach] , so did he with want 
of discretion Jill the people's ears with a vain buz of contrarieties, 
entering into the particulars of this land, who, after twenty-six 
years preaching of one especially, and others also, were not to be 
counted children, but to be dealt ivithal sharply, and punished 
severely. The effect of this must needs be great mutiny in a 
matter of state, the people being set in a maze what the Governor 
will do, being thus excited and stirred up. It will breed contempt 
of preaching, which thing, as the people were hardly drawn unto 
before, so doth it give them now a good excuse, when the pulpit shall 
be a list to try out quarrels, and not the chair of Moses, to deliver 
out the law of the Lord. It will bring our own name in contro- 
versy, and lay our imperfections and nakedness too open, the 
people being very prone to misjudge us, making mountains of 
molehills, and opening every scar in us to find out wounds, albeit 
they were sufficiently healed before. Your worship's all assured, 

John Armachanus. Copy. pp. 2. 

[July 10.] 13. Petition of Nicholas Walshe, second Justice of the King's 
Bench, to the Privy Council. For augmentation of his fee. His 
diligence in the last Parliament to be rewarded by a grant of 
40 . lands, p. 1. 

July 10. 14. Indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Sir 
Hugh O'Donnell for a yearly composition for Tirconnel in lieu 
of the laying of English soldiers on that province. [Also Carew II., 
429.] Copy. pp. 3. 

July 12. 15. Sir Richard Byngham to Burghley. Since the writing of my 
Eoscommon. last letter to your Lordship things are somewhat altered here, for 


1580. VOL.CXXV. 

the Burkes in the county of Mayo are grown into bad terms, and 
have raised some stirs there, standing for the name and superiority 
of M'William. They have many that favor their quarrel, because 
it is an old liberty and custom that the Irishy have ever held, 
and still do affect. But if I had not been in some sort restrained 
I had long since made things so sure and fast, there and elsewhere 
in the province as there had now no such broils been heard of, 
nevertheless as it is, I hope 'I will soon appease it, and that without 
any or very little charge to Her Majesty. In the meantime making 
mine humble service commended to your Honor, and humbly craving 
the continuance of your favour towards me, I have by this bearer 
sent your Lordship a cast of falcons. [Autograph. Note in. 
Burghley's hand, brought by Robart Parkar.] p. 1. 

July 12. 16. Mr. Christopher Peyton to Burghley. Since the sending of 
Dublin. mv last letters unto your honorable Lordship I am advertised that 
my letters were delivered to your Lordship, but the book I sent 
was not delivered of an eight or ten days after. I humbly crave 
pardon and am sorry there should be any such negligence in the 
bearer, whose commission and charge was to deliver the book and 
letters to your Lordship's own hands, and that with as much speed 
as was possible. How they were delivered or how they came to 
your Lordship's hands I am not thoroughly persuaded. I beseech 
your Lordship I may understand, by this bearer, the certainty of 
the delivery of my last letters of the 28th of April and of the book 
I sent unto your Lordship of the great and small county of Limerick, 
whether your Lordship have received them or not, and what your 
Lordship's pleasure is for the rest of the counties. I remain here, 
I know not how, until I have some direction from your Lordship, 
either for the survey, or for the auditor's place, or for the treasurer's 
reckonings. I was allowed upon, by my Lord Deputy's appoint- 
ment and commandment for the revenue, and during the time of 
those accounts taking, I was daily with the Lord Chancellor and 
the rest of the commissioners, unto the end and finishing of them. 
But since the treasurer's other reckonings for the account for the 
wars, I have been flatly forbidden, because I am not in commission 
by name, so as my countenance and estate of being here (my very 
good Lord) is no more but to bear the name of auditor and no 
officer, or the name of a commissioner and no authority, in which 
reproach and grief of mind I live, expecting some direction or 
countenance from England by Her Majesty's letters or your Lord- 
ship's, and thereby to be appointed to my business either my patent 
for the office or to be appointed for the survey, or for the taking 
of the treasurer's accounts, or else direction how Her Majesty's 
pleasure is, I shall be employed and commanded. I am further an 
humble suitor to your Lordship to crave favour for the preferment 
of the castle and lands of Mucrus court in the great county of 
Limerick. I have with your Lordship's favour begun to inhabit it 
and taken order to roof and cover the castle with thatch, the land 
doth lie waste ; if your Lordship please to grant me your Lordship's 
letter of encouragement, my tenants shall not be put out of it 




July 12. 



again, I will with your Lordship's licence and favour manure the 
ground and discharge such rent as your Lordship shall take order 
and set down by the quarter, or otherwise as the rest of the lands 
within that county, p. 1. 

17- Thomas Lynyall to Walsyngham. According to your Honor's 
directions I have sent over to Ireland, 600?. to Mr. Beverley for 
Mr. Wm. Androwe, who bath received the same, as by his letter 
hereinclosed appeareth : and Sir William Stanley with his soldiers 
have made sail towards Flanders, with a merry wind ; I trust in God 
they are upon that coast or this time. I used all the diligence therein 
I could to get hence both victual and shipping, for the sending of 
the soldiers away. Ralph Shergold [Sorowcold] hath not paid me 
as yet this year upon the yarn license but 200?. towards the 
600?. disbursed ; I hope he will shortly pay more. This year is like 
to be the best and greatest transporting of yarn, wherein I will as 
my duty bindeth, use diligence for your Honor's benefit, p. ^. 

July 12. 18. Reckoning of Richard Zouche, deceased, late one of Her 
Majesty's pensioners. And so remaineth due to the executors 
of the said Richard Zouche 368?. 7s. 9^d. Irish, making sterling 
276?. 5s. 10c?. di. quadr. Indorsed : Whereof remaineth to pay 
155?. 6s. 6d. sterling. Copy. pp. 2. 

July 15. 

From the 

Crooke beside 

the Passage. 

19. Mr. Anthony Power to Burghley. Beseeching your Honor 
to bear with my boldness and do yield you most humble thanks for 
your favourable countenance, which I have received at your hands, 
I am always ready to pray for your health and increase of honour, 
it is so my very good Lord, that I thought it my duty to advertise 
your honorable Lordship, of the intruding of the Mayor of Waterford 
upon the poor fishermen of the Passage, who are tenants unto Her 
Highness and hold of the manor of the Crooke, the house wherein 
I dwell, which is Her Majesty's land ; and the Mayor of Waterford 
notwithstanding doth cess them and put horseboys to coyn on them, 
and would fain have joined Her Majesty's town of the Passage to 
their shire of the city of Waterford, and the said town hath nothing 
to do with them but in their Admiralty causes, and the said town 
is within the shire of the county of Waterford, wherefore my very 
good Lord, in case they make a suit unto your Honors for to get 
the town and lands within their jurisdiction, I beseech your Honor 
to consider it is within the shire of the county of Waterford, and 
if they should bear with any it is with the shire, for they claim a 
liberty to bear no imposition, for they pay rent to Her Highness, and 
whosoever will say to the contrary they shall not be able to prove 
the same, for I would not presume to write unto your Honor but 
that should be true and just. And Her Majesty's tenants are 
like all to leave the Passage if they be suffered to use this extortion. 
Right Honorable, it may please your good Lordship I have been a 
suitor unto your Honor for lands in the west, of the Earl of Desmond's. 
Right Honorable, so it is that my Lord Deputy hath bestowed the 
custodiain on me of the house of Sronkaly, a waste thing, nothino- 


158G. Vo1 ' CXXV ' 

standing thereon but the bare walls, and I have been at some 
charges therewith, and my Lord Deputy bestowed the same on me 
the rather that it was my son that did the service upon Sir John 
of Desmond and James FitzJohn of Sronkalie [i.e., James FitzJohn 
Fitzgerald of Strangcalley, the Earl of Desmond's nephew], most 
humbly beseeching your Eonor that I may continue in the same, 
paying for it as others, p. f . 

[July 15.] 20. Petition of Anthony Power to Burghley for a grant of the 
Castle of Sronekalleye for certain considerations, p. 1. 

July 17. 21. Offer of George Harvy, constable of Maryborough, for the 
governing of the county of Leix, at less charge to Her Majesty than 
it is at this present by 1,041?. 10s. per annum. Whereas Her 
Majesty's county of Leix in the realm of Ireland, is governed by 
a Lieutenant, who hath to attend that office 6s. 8d. sterling per 
diem. As also 4s. sterling per diem, being captain of 100 footmen, 
with petty captain and all other officers thereunto belonging, 
amounting in the whole to the sum. of 1,520?. 16s. 8d. sterling. 
George Harvy at this present ! constable of Her Majesty's fort of 
Maryborough, being in the chief place of the said country, who hath 
served Her Highness in that realm the space of 30 years. In 
respect of the quietness that the realm standeth in at this present 
with likelihood of continuance, besides other particularities, which 
being questioned withal, doubteth not but shall be thought expedient, 
having a special bounden regard to the greatness of Her Majesty's 
charges, touching that office needless, to discharge that place of 
chargeable service to Her Majesty's profit, demanding only the 
increase of 34 men in pay, whereby to make his own ward 50 with 
sterling pay for the 50. So Her Majesty may save the charge of 

1,041?. 10s. per annum in lieu of the small increase aforesaid, p. 

July 17. 22. Petition of George Harvye to Lord Burghley for payment of 
159?. 3s. 4d p. A. 

July 30. 23. Note of Irish suitors for debts, viz., Sir Thomas Pullison, 
Sir William Collier, William Mynne, William Millichap, a hatter of 
Dublin, merchant ; Walter Segrave, merchant ; Nicholas Weston, 
Stephen Boroam, Roger Pope, and John Crimble, merchants ; 
Thomas Fauntleroy, the Earl of Kildare, John Myagh, almsman ; 
William Lawrence, upon a prest bill of Captain Mackworth's ; Teig 
McCarthy ; George Weedon, merchant ; Robert Fletcher ; Arthur 
O'Toole, his pension ; George Huntingdon, an old servitor ; Thick- 
penny, the late victualler's widow ; Sir Nicholas Bagenall, Sir 
Henry Bagen all, Auditor Jenyson's wife, Thomas Skinner, merchant; 
Henry Welles, merchant ; Remain of the Earl of Essex's debt ; 
' Christopher Fagan, merchant ; Robert Damport ; Roebuck French, 
for the town of Gal way ; Mildred Hop wood, the victualler's widow ; 
Wyse, for the city of Waterford ; Henry Duke ; Francis Aldrich, for 
Sir Geo. Bowrchier ; Gregory Cole ; Hancock, upon an old docquet 
to Sir Henry Ratcliffe ; in all, 13,146?. 19s. 5d. ob qua. p. 1. 


1586. - CXXV - 

July [30]. 24. Note of suitors to the Privy Council for a general warrant for 
pay for their service in Ireland, pp. 1. 

July 30. 25. Copy of the above corrected by Burghley. pp. 2. 

July 31. 26. A breviate of certain Acts of Council, and other orders for 
matters of State, made in the government of Sir John Perrot, Lord 
Deputy General, entered in the Black Council Book, and abstracted 
by Nathaniel Dillon, clerk of the Council. 

A genera] hosting proclaimed the 10th of August 1584, and order 
given for commissions with instructions for general musters in every 
county and in every barony. 

In the Assembly of Council upon the first sitting of the Lord 
Deputy, the Lord Bishop of Meath and Sir Richard Byngham, 
knight, were sworn councillors to Her Majesty, by direction from 
Her Highness, viz., 22 die Junii 1584. 

The Council's resolution touching protectees in Munster. 

The 25th June 1584, Mr. John Norreys was appointed by Her 
Majesty, Lord President of Munster, and was sworn of Her Privy 

Several writs of proclamations directed to the several sheriffs ; 
letters written to the Mayor and Sheriffs of Dublin, and the Mayor 
and Sheriffs of Drogheda, for their rising out ; letters to the Irishry 
for their rising out. 

Mr. Thomas le Strange was sworn councillor 1 July 1584. 

The first journey made by the Lord Deputy into Connaught to 
settle Sir Richard Byngham, knight, chief commissioner there, from 
thence into Munster to settle John Norreys, Esq., as Lord President of 
Munster, from Dublin the 13tb July 1584. 

Carriages hired, 210, upon the five counties, and to pay for them 
4<d. sterling per diem for every garran, and 4>d. sterling per diem for 
every driver, allowing two drivers for every five garrans. 

An Act allowing a pardon to be granted to the Earl of Clanricarde, 
dated the 28th of June 1584. 

Delivered to Edward Keyes, constable of the Blackwater, for the 
repairing and amending thereof, 100?. sterling. 

Ordered, that Sir Henry Wallop and Sir Nicholas White shall 
repair to both the forts of Leix and Offaley, there to take view of 
the defects and wants of reparations, and what are requisite to be 
done there for Her Majesty's service. 

Proclamations made to every port for the restraint of horses, colts, 
and mares. 

A commission to Sir Nicholas Bagenall for the government of 
Ulster, dated the 6th of July 1584. 

A proportion for the victualling of soldiers in their travail and 
journeys in the country after the Irish rates, by the day. 

Several letters written to the Irishry to send to Dundalk such 
proportion of beeves as is severally allotted upon them for the 
provision of the army, dated the 12th of August 1584. 

An order for erecting of 500 footmen upon the Pale, with eight 
days victuals, to be in a readiness within 12 days, under the leading 



of the Lord of Trimletston. [In the margin.] Theis went not 

A proportion of carriages, and distribution of the same unto the 
general hosting into the North, in August 1584, to be answered by 
the five English shires. 

An order for taking up of certain garrans, and drivers to be sent in 
by the five English counties, after the rate of 4cZ. sterling the garran, 
and 4d sterling the driver, to be answered and borne by Her 
Majesty. [In the margin.] This was not done, for that the service 
went not forward. 

The Lord Primate of Armagh was sworn of Her Majesty's Council 
the 28th March 1585. 

A letter from Her Majesty for sterling pay. 

A letter from the Lords of the Council that the Lord Deputy shall 
take the benefit of Her Majesty's prerogative and cess, dated the 
last of April 1584. 

A proportion made for one whole year for the provison of the Lord 
Deputy's household. 

A commission to the English counties for the levying of the 
proportion, dated the 3rd of February 1584. 

A commission for the levying of the beeves due out of the out 
counties, dated the 5th of February 1584. 

A general hosting proclaimed the 1st of July 1585. 

An order for the committing of Edward Butler, dated the 2nd of 
July 1585. 

Several letters written to the sheriffs of the five English counties, 
and the Irishry, for such proportion of beeves as is severally allotted 
upon them, for the provision of Her Majesty's army, dated the 17th 
of June 1 585. 

An order that Mr. Secretary Fenton shall have allowance of 20s. 
sterling per diem in his journey into England, dated the 18th of 
June 1585. 

An Act that the composition or cess required by the Lord Deputy 
for Her Majesty, for the year 1585, shall be respited until the next 
sessions of Parliament, and if it be not then ended to be revived for 
that year, dated the 29th of June 1585. 

An order for committing of Richard Nettervile, dated the 3rd of 
July 1585. 

An Act for the committing of Edward Butler, dated the 7th of 
July 1585. 

An Act for continuing the soldiers in the North until further 
consideration be had of them, dated the last of September 1 585. 

An Act that the composition or cess for the year 1586 shall be 
respited until the next Parliament, and if it be not then ended to be 
revived, dated the 24th of September 1585. 

An Act made that the King and Queen's counties shall answer 
the prerogative as the rest of the shires of the Pale do, dated the 
27th of November 1585. 

A general hosting proclaimed the 1st of May 1586. 


1 , Q VOL. CXXV. 


An Act that a yearly composition of 2,100?. shall be paid to Her 
Majesty out of the English Pale, and other counties and countries 
adjoining, dated the loth of May 1586. 

Indorsed : A breviate of certain Acts of Council and other orders 
for matters of State, made in the time of my government in Ireland. 
pp. 4. 

27. Copy of the above, pp. 3. 

July 31. 28. A breviate of certain orders and entries made in the govern- 
ment of the Right Honourable Sir John Perrot, knight, Lord Deputy 
General of Ireland, entered in the journal, abstracted this last of July 
1586, by Nathaniel Dillon, clerk of the Council. 

An order against George Carew about the killing of Owen M'Dowell, 
dated the 10th of July 1584. 

A commission to the sheriffs of the several counties for guarding 
of the borders in the absence of the Lord Deputy, dated the 19th of 
August 1584. 

A commission to the several bishops of every diocese, to sequester 
into their hands, all such spiritual livings as are possessed either by 
. laymen, or by such as are not resident, dated the 20th of August 

A proclamation touching fugitives to repair over within six months, 
or else to forfeit to Her Majesty all the profits of their lands, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments, and all their goods and chattels, dated 
the 6th of August 1584. 

A proclamation that no horses, colts, or mares be transported over 
without the special license of the Lord Deputy, dated at Dublin, the 
8th of July 1584. 

A proclamation touching the diet of the soldier in his travail, and 
what he shall pay, dated the 22nd of July 1584. 

An indenture, confirming a quadrupartite indenture made in Sir 
Anthony Sentleger's time, between O'Neill and O'Donnell, dated the 
20th of September 1584. 

Articles of agreement between the Lord Deputy and Council, of 
the one part, in Her Majesty's behalf, and Turlough O'Neill, chief of 
his name, of the other party, dated the 18th of September 1584, at 
Dunluce in Ulster. 

An indenture made between the Lord Deputy and Council of the 
one part, and Sir Hugh O'Donnell, knight, chief of his name, 
wherein the said Sir Hugh is bound to keep 200 soldiers in 
Tirconnell, for so long time as shall please Her Majesty, 20th 
September 1584. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and 
Theobald M'Quillin, chief of his name, wherein M'Quillin bindeth 
himself to find 1 00 soldiers and 25 horsemen, dated the same day 
and year. 

An indenture made between the Lord Deputy and Council 
and Sir Con M'Neill Oge [Sir Con M'Neill Oge O'Neill, Lord of 
Claneboy], wherein Sir Con doth bind himself to keep fourscore 
soldiers, 6th October 1584. 


1586. VO..CXXV. 

An indenture made between the Lord Deputy and Council and 
Shane M'Brian M'Felim O'Neill, wherein he is bound to find three- 
score footmen, 6th October 1584. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Hugli 
Oge M'Hugh M'Felim O'Neill to find 60 footmen, same day. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Cormac 
M'Neale M'Brian O'Neill, captain of Killultagh, wherein he is bound 
to find 13 footmen, 7th October 1584. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Ewer 
M'Rorie M'Brian O'Neill, captain of Kilwarlin, wherein he is bound 
to find 10 footmen, 7th October 1584. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Agholie 
M'Cartan, chief of his name, wherein he is bound to find 10 footmen, 
7th October 1584. 

An indenture made between the Lord Deputy and Council and 
Sir Hugh Magennis, knight, wherein the said Sir Hugh is bound 
to find 40 footmen, 7th October 1584. 

Articles of agreement made between the Lord Deputy and Council, 
of the one part, and Donnell Gorm M'Donnell of the Glynns, of the 
other part, dated 18th September 1584. 

A commission to Sir Nicholas Bagenall, knight, touching his 
government of part of Ulster, 7th October 1584. Another of the 
same minute to the Baron of Dungannon for his part of Ulster. 

A commission to O'Neill touching his government of part of 
Ulster, 7th October 1584. 

Articles annexed to the former commission for the government of 

An order between Cormac M'Dermot, Calaghan M'Teige, and 
Dame Johan Butler, dated 10th July 1584. 

A letter to the Earl of Ormond for the government of Munster, in 
the absence of the Lord President, being employed in Her Majesty's 
service in Ulster, dated 12th January 1584-5. 

An order for erecting 100 footmen under the conduct of Captain 
Woodhouse, 50 footmen under Captain Henshaw, and 25 horsemen 
under Sir Henry Bagenall, dated 4th January 1584-5. 

An order for licensing Sir Arthur O'Neill to go to his father and 
to receive four other pledges for O'Neill in respect of the need he 
hath now in his old age of the service and attendance of his son, 
dated 14th January 1584-5. 

A letter to the justices of peace touching the government of 
every shire, 18th December 1584. 

An order between Maurice Wyse and the Corporation of Water- 
ford, 17th February 1584-5. 

A letter directed to every county for inquiry of decayed churches, 
chancels, bridges, and free schools, dated 4th March 1584-5. 

Articles arid ordinances to be straightly observed by the seneschal, 
sheriff, and justices of peace within the county of Wexford, upon 
pain of tine and imprisonment. 

A general order that no preys, spoils, or borderages, committed 
before May 1583, shall be from henceforth sued for or revived, unless 
it be already ordered, 23 May 1585. 



An order between the Earl of Clanricard and Richard Burke, 
8th June 1585. 

An order for the sending of Captain Dawtry to the King of Scots, 
with answer of His Highness' letter, in which service he was allowed 
20s. sterling per diem, and 501. imprest, 8th June 1585. The King 
of Scots' letter, bearing date the 24th April 1585. The answer 
to the same, bearing date 6th June 1585. 

Sundry matters set down for buildings, reparations, and fortifi- 
cations in places convenient within the realm. 

An order for punishing of the justices of peace for not appearing 
to take their oath of charge and the oath of supremacy, 14th June 

An order between Roger O'Flaherty and Sir Morough Ne Doe 
[O'Flaherty], 21st June 1585. 

An order that the farmers or collectors of the impost in Connaught 
and Thomond shall from henceforth deliver their receipts to Sir 
Richard Byngham, 22nd June 1585. 

An order for increase of the warders of the castle in the absence 
of the Lord Deputy, 16th July 1585. 

The King of Scots' letter to the answer of the Lord Deputy, 
8th August 1585. 

An indenture between Turlough O'Neill and the Earl of Tyrone, 
10th August 1585. 

An order against Jenkin Con way, in the behalf of Owen M'Teig 
Mergagh, 8th September 1585. 

An order between Thomascourt and the city of Dublin. 

An order for committing Philip O'Reilly to the castle of Dublin, 
3rd November 1585. 

An order concerning the placing of the soldiers of Ulster in 
garrisons, 30th November 1585. 

An order between Maguire and Capt. Merriman, 20th January 

An order between Justice Thomas Dillon and Patrick Holder, 
2nd May 1586. 

A feoffment made by the Earl of Desmond of all his lands, 
10th September 1584. 

A combination of the Earl of Desmond, 18th July 1574. 

An order between Turlough O'Neill and the Earl of Tirone, 
10th May 1686. 

An order concerning Sir E. Waterhous's office of the casualties 
and impost, 16th May 1586. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Angus 
M'Donnell, of all Bissett's lands, 16th May 1586. 

An order for continuing the former commissions granted to 
O'Neill, the Earl of Tirone, and Sir Nicholas Bagenall, concerning the 
government of Ulster, 22nd May 1586. 

An order to continue Capt. Parker and Merriman's bands with 
O'Neill according to the last composition, 20th May 1 586. 

Sorley Boy McDonnell's submission exhibited, 10th June 1586. 

Indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council and Sorley 
Boy. 18 June 1586. 


1586. VOL - 

Neal Oge M'Hugh M'Felim O'Neiirs submission. 

Shane O'Neill's submission. 

Sundry letters written from Sir Richard Byngham to the Lord 
Deputy and Council, and answers thereupon, with other matters, 
concerning the rebellion of the Burkes and Joys in Connaught. 

An order for entertaining Capt. Nicholas Merriman, with his 
band of footmen in Her Majesty's pay, to prosecute the Burkes and 
Joys in Connaught, 9th July 1586. 

An indenture between the Lord Deputy and Council of the one 
part, and Sir Hugh O'Donnell, chief of his name, of the other 
part, wherein the said Sir Hugh is bound to pay 700 beeves yearly, 
10th July 1586. 

Letters written to all the bishops to sequester into their hands 
all the fruits of such spiritual livings as are possessed either by 
laymen, such as are not qualified, or by such as be absent and 
not resident, and to inquire of all decayed churches, chancels, and 
bridges, and of free schools, where they are kept, and who ought to 
keep them. 

Indorsed : A note of orders entered in the Council " boake " 
sithens the Lord Deputy's coming to Ireland, pp. 8. 

July 31. 29. Memorandum of 110?. 10s. 4d Irish, being the whole charge 
extraordinary for the Lord Deputy's journey into the North in 
July and August, 1585. pp. 2. 

July. 30. Commission from Queen Elizabeth to Sir Thomas Bromley, 

Lord Chancellor of England ; William Lord Burghley, Lord High 
Treasurer ; George Earl of Shrewsbury ; and others of the Privy 
Council ; stating that whereas a great number of our loving and 
faithful subjects of good haviour and account, within this our realm 
of England, have most dutifully offered their services at their own 
adventures and charges, to undertake the repeopling and inhabiting 
of our province of Munster, according to our intention set down and 
declared in certain articles, bearing date at Westminster the 27th of 
June, in the 28th year of our reign, and according to a plot by us 
signed, annexed to the same articles remaining of record in our 
High Court of Chancery, and by us published and set forth under 
our Great Seal of England, as by the same doth fully and at large 
appear ; for the effectual compassing and achieving whereof, they 
must of necessity carry and transport great sums of money out of 
this our realm of England into our said realm of Ireland, for their 
necessary use and provision, which by our laws and statutes they 
may not lawfully, nor without incurring great peril and danger, do 
nor attempt. Forasmuch as we, of our gracious and princely dis- 
position, do most earnestly affect and desire the full execution of 
our said intention and determination for the repeopling of our said 
province of Munster, and therefore are willing, so far as in us lieth, 
to advance and further the same. Know ye, that we by these pre- 
sents do give full power and authority to you, and any six or more of 
you, whereof you our Lord Chancellor, Lord Treasurer, or Principal 
Secretary, to be always one, to give license by writing and writings 


1586. VOL.CXXV. 

under your hands and seals, to such and so many of our subjects 
of this our realm of England, which have or shall, so undertake the 
repeopling or inhabiting of any part of our said province of Munster, 
as ye shall in that behalf allow and think meet to transport, con- 
vey, and carry out of this our realm of England into our said realm 
of Ireland, such sum and sums of money of gold and silver as you, 
or any six or more of you, as is aforesaid, shall express and set 
down in the same writing and writings of license to be converted, 
used, and employed, to and for the inhabiting, storing, and manur- 
ing of the lands, tenements, and hereditaments within our said pro- 
vince of Munster. Arid our will and pleasure is, and we do grant 
by these presents for us, our heirs and successors, to you and every of 
you, that these presents, or the enrolment, exemplification, or dupli- 
cate thereof, shall be a sufficient warrant and discharge to you and 
every of you, as is aforesaid, for the granting and making of such 
writing and writings of license as is aforesaid. And further our 
will and pleasure is, and we do by these presents grant, for us and 
our heirs, as well to all and every such person and persons to whom 
any such license shall be made or granted by you, or any six or 
more of you as is aforesaid, as also to all other our justices, sheriffs, 
customers, controllers, searchers, ministers, and officers whatsoever, 
to whom it shall and may appertain, that such writing and writings 
of license so to be made by you, or any six or more of you, as is 
aforesaid, shall stand and be good, effectual, and available in the 
law to all intents and purposes, according to the purport and true 
meaning of the same, for the transporting and carrying of such 
sum and sums of money of gold and silver, out of this our realm 
of England into our said realm of Ireland, without let, trouble, or 
impeachment, notwithstanding the statute made in the 20th year 
of the reign of our grandfather, of most famous memory, King 
Henry the VII. [in the margin, " Statute 28 yeare Henry 7 "], or 
any other law, statute, provision, ordinance, or restraint to the con- 
trary. And that the same writing and writings of license so to be 
made by you, or any six or more of you as is aforesaid ; and these 
presents, or the enrolment, exemplification, or duplificate thereof, 
shall be as well to all and every such person and persons to whom 
such license shall be made and granted, as also to all other our 
justices, sheriffs, customers, controllers, searchers, ministers, and 
officers whatsoever, to whom it shall or may appertain, a sufficient 
warrant and discharge for the transporting, carrying, and conveying 
of the sum and sums of money of gold and silver contained and 
expressed in the same writing and writings of license, out of this 
our realm of England into our said realm of Ireland. And our will 
and pleasure is, and we do straightly charge and command by these 
presents, that such of you as shall hereafter make or grant any such 
license or licenses, as is aforesaid, by virtue of these presents, shall 

from time to time within weeks next after the granting or 

making of any such license or licenses, make true certificate into 
our Court of Exchequer at Westminster, of the same license or 
licenses, and of the name of the person and persons to whom the 
same was granted, and of the sum and sums of money of gold and 


1586. Vo1 ' CXXV " 

silver contained and expressed in the same, and of the time 
and date of the granting and making thereof. In witness. &c. 

[July.] 31. Warrant for transportation of money, as follows To all 
people to whom these presents shall come, William Lord Burghley, 
Lord High Treasurer of England ; Charles Lord Howard of Effing- 
ham, Lord Admiral of England ; Henry Lord Hunsdon, Lord 
Chamberlain to Her Majesty ; Sir Francis Knollys, knt., Treasurer 
of Her Highness' Household ; Sir James Croft, knt., Comptroller 
of Her Majesty's Household ; Sir Christopher Hatton, knt., Vice- 
Chamberlain to Her Highness ; and Sir Francis Walsynghain, knt., 
Principal Secretary to Her Majesty, greeting, &c. Know ye, that 
we, by force and virtue of Her Majesty's warrant and commission 
by Her Highness' Letters Patent, under the Great Seal of England 
unto us in that behalf made and directed, have licensed and autho- 
rized and by these presents do license and authorize Edward 
Rogers, John Harrington, Roger Warre, and John Buller, Esquires, 
and Van Becher, Hugh Cartwright, Roger Isham, and Roger Keate, 
gentlemen, undertakers for the repeopling and inhabiting of the 
province of Munster, within Her Highness' realm of Ireland, to 
carry, transport, and convey out of this realm of England into the 
said province of Munster, or into some part thereof, for the necessary 
use. behoof, and provision of themselves, their company, servants, 
and followers, the sum of one thousand pounds of lawful English 
money, or any other sum of money being under the same sura of a 
thousand pounds, there to be converted, used, bestowed, and em- 
ployed to and for and about the inhabiting, storing, and manuring 
of such lands, tenements, and hereditaments, as shall be allotted and 
appointed unto them or any of them within the said province of 
Munster, without let, trouble, disturbance, denial, or impeachment 
of any person or persons whatsoever, any law, statute, usage, or 
restraint to the contrary thereof in anywise notwithstanding. In 
witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names and set to 
our seals. Blank form. p.1. 

July. 32. A brief of the charges of household, wages, liveries, and 

stable of [Sir John Perrot] Her Majesty's Deputy now resident in 
Ireland. With the sums allowed to him from Her Majesty, showing 
that his loss is 3,01 21. 16s. 6d. and one white groat. 

His Lordship's own table, with his steward's ; whereat are daily 
entertained of the nobility, council, and gentlemen twenty persons ; 
the reversion thereof to serve twenty waiters, together with two 
messes to his steward's table, whereat is daily entertained of other 
officers, strangers, and gentlemen to the number of eighteen persons ; 
the reversion thereof to serve twelve waiters, servants to the said 
officers and gentlemen according to the rate of Her Majesty's 
allowance for his Lordship's said diet per annum - 1,300. sterling. 

His Lordship's band of horsemen, footmen, and their officers, 
containing in number 10-t persons, viz., of horsemen 50, of footmen 
3. it 


1586. - CXXV " 

50, and four officers after the rate of 12c?. le peece per diem. per 
annum - 1,892?. 16s. 

Wages and entertainments for all his Lordship's said officers and 
bands, his steward per annum, 201. Treasurer, 1 3?. 6s. 8d. Comp- 
troller, 13?. 6s. Sd. Secretary, 20?. Gentlemen of the horse, 10?. 
Auditor, 20?. A lieutenant, 40?. A guidon, 10?. Two other officers 
and 50 horsemen at 5?. le peece. And 50 footmen at 66s. 8cZ. 
sterling le peece. In all per annum - 563?. 6s. 8d. 

Liveries for the said officers and companies. One hundred and 
ten cloaks and frieze jerkins after the rate of 3?. sterling every 
livery by the year : In all - - 339?. 

Stable charges. For 110 horses and hackneys for the said officers 
and horsemen at Qd. the day for each horse for hay and provender 
is by the year - 1,001?. 

Board wages for 55 horseboys at four white groats le peece per 
diem is by the year - 444?. Os. 8d. and one white groat. 

Wages for the said 55 boys at 26s. 8c?. le peece per annum 
is - 73?. 6s. 3d. 

Liveries for the said 55 boys yearly at 13s. 4>d. every livery is 
per annum - 36?. 13s. 4c?. 

p. I. 

July. 33. Mr. Auditor Jenyson's answers to certain articles sent by 

Mr. Fenton into Ireland. It may p]ease your Lordship, I have 
perused certain articles sent from Her Majesty which your Lordship 
sent me with direction to certify mine opinion and knowledge of 
the same, and how Her Majesty may therein best be served, and 
accordingly hath set out to what officer or minister every of 
the same doth appertain to answer upon your Lordship's further 
direction, viz., to the 

I. First, what free gifts of fines, amerciaments, wards, &c. have 
passed since Michaelmas 1579? To this: I can say little to this, 
for that the receiver of the casualties hath the whole collection 
of them, and the payments made out thereof was done by himself 
by warrants to him directed, who best can answer and satisfy this 
article, and I shall if need require assist him with one of my clerks 
to the performance thereof. 

II. Leases granted under the values within the time aforesaid. 
To this : Upon your Lordship's further direction I shall make search 
therein, albeit none of the said leases be enrolled with me according 
to Her Majesty's special direction in the tenth year of Her Highness' 
reign, since which time those grants made under the value doth 
treble surmount that is contained within the time of the said 

III. Touching fines reserved upon leases. To this : All the fines 
reserved upon leases are paid to the receiver of the casualties, the 
treasurer or clerk of the Hanaper, amongst whom this article is to 
be answered, or how much thereof is estalled to them it belongeth 
to declare. 

IV. The total of the debts due to Her Majesty at Michaelmas 
1579. How much hath grown due since and through whose default 


1586. VOL.CXXV. 

how much sperate and desperate ? To this : What the debts were 
due at Christmas 1579, and how much hath grown since I shall 
(upon further direction from your Lordship) in convenient time 
be able to declare in gross ; and also what has been yearly paid 
since that time ; but to answer through whose default the same is 
no better levied belongs to the Barons and officers of the Court 
of the Exchequer to declare. But how much thereof is sperate, 
doubtful, or desperate, the ministers of the Exchequer who have the 
books of the arrearages yearly delivered unto them are thereupon 
to divide the same, which being done I shall set clerks to the 
collection thereof in gross sums, but will not be particularly 
engrossed according the division, in six or eight months. 

V. How the same shall be levied. To this : The State must 
hereof judge, but I think by severe men that will employ themselves 
thereabouts with all diligence without respect of friendship to any 

VI. The faulty officers' fees to be stayed or themselves removed, 
&c. To this : The Barons and Treasurer of the Exchequer are to 
judge and examine who be faulty, which I think will be found most 
on the sheriffs. 

VII. Touching sheriffs' accounts and mandamus in the Exchequer. 
To this : The sheriffs' accounts and warrants of mandamus, I shall 
in convenient time be able to declare upon your Lordship's further 

VIII. Touching tines and amerciaments claimed by corporations 
, by their charters, &c. To this : The Queen's counsel learned in the 

laws are to scan their charters and examine what penal statutes 
are made since the granting of them, and whether they have abused 
them or not. 

IX. New officers and increase of fees. To this : There be neither 
officers new erected, nor fees increased in the Exchequer, nor other 
court, saving the Chancery and Castle Chamber, which upon your 
Lordship's further direction I shall set out. 

X. Allowance to Commissioners upon taking of accounts. To 
this: There is none such made but by virtue of Her Majesty's 
commission under the Great Seal of England, which is soon set 
out, and shall upon your Lordship's further pleasure known be 

XI. New grants made to the Irishry upon surrenders. To this : 
The same to be answered by the granters or the Queen's counsel 
learned who penned those grants, the fiants whereof remain in the 
Chancery, and the Auditor not acquainted therewith. 

XII. What hath been answered to Her Majesty upon the 1,000. 
a year profit supposed that would have accrued by the composition 
for the galloglas bonnaught, and how much Her Majesty hath been 
charged to the captain of the galloglas since ? To this : Upon 
reasonable time I shall search out this and answer it particularly 
upon your Lordship's further direction and pleasure known. 

H 2 


_ KQ( . VOL. CXXV. 


XIII. Seneschalships and governors of countries, granted without 
reservations and duties of services. To this : The granters and 
counsel learned, that penned and passed those grants are to answer 
this, for that no reservations have come to the Auditor, whereby to 
charge the same. 

XIV. Wards increased by occasion of late rebellion to be di- 
minished. To this : The Clerk of the Check is to certify this, which 
he may confer with the last establishment made anno 1579, and with 
the present estate of those wards, &c. 

XV. To certify by what warrants, fees and allowances that were 
sterling, be made Irish and what the Queen's Majesty hath lost 
by it. To this; This can I soon satisfy upon your Lordship's 
further direction, not remembering any fees which be increased from 
Irish to sterling as is supposed. 

XVI. Touching leases or custodiams granted upon the escheated 
lands. To this : The leases that be granted of these lands must be 
certified by the Master of the Rolls upon their fiants in his. office 
remaining, none of which have been enrolled in the Auditor's office, 
nor yet the values of the escheated lands aforesaid certified to him, 
whereby to charge the same. And for the custodiams they are 
passed by the Lord Deputy and Council, and never come to the 
Auditor's hands as they should do, and would if that orderly they 
passed by the Exchequer seal. So as I think the Clerk of the Council 
can best answer in that point. 

XVII. Touching the boats on the Shannon. To this; I, the 
Auditor, can soon answer, wishing that all the rest were no more 
troublesome nor tedious unto me than this is. 

In all the articles aforesaid the Auditor for those that chiefly do 
belong to him is by your Lordship's order ready to do his best in 
convenient time, health permitting him thereto, &c. 

July. 34. Note of munition to be sent to Ireland ; with a note in Ferret's 

hand that the munition aforesaid may be sent with the provision 
for shipping which is to come hither with Thornton. 

July. 35. Memorial of matters of Ireland for 55 years, from 1531 to 

1586, July, indorsed "my Lord's collections of Irish cawses." 
This chronicle, all in Burghley's handwriting, contains little more 
than brief abstracts of the despatches from Ireland, and other papers 
already calendared in this collection. The memorial is valuable 
rather as showing how complete our information is, than for the 
items it supplies. Amongst the notices are the following of 
considerable interest, gathered chiefly from the earlier pages. 

1531, May 6. Anno 23 Henry VI1L Odo [Hugh] O'Donnell, 
chief of his sept, did homage before the Lord Deputy Sir William 

1539. Anno 31 Henry VIII. Lord Leonard Gray, Lord Deputy ; 
Sir William Brereton, Marshall ; Sir William Brabazon, Treasurer- 
at-Wars; Sir John Travers, Master of the Ordnance. 




1540. Anno 32 Hen. VIII. Sir Anthony Sentleger, Lord Deputy ; 
Sir John Alen, Chancellor ; James Earl of Ormond, Lord Treasurer ; 
and William Candish [Cavendyssh], a commissioner ; Jamea Fitz 
John of Desmond, son to Sir John of Desmond, is fifteenth Earl of 
Desmond, renounceth a privilege by which he and his ancestors 
since the beheading of his grandfather at Drogheda should not 
be compelled to come to parliaments or grand councils, nor into 
any walled towns. 

1541. month of July. 33 Henry VIII. The King recognized 
King of Ireland in Parliament. That no spiritual possessions not 
exceeding the yearly value of ten marks, nor the houses and 
demesnes of any Bishop, shall be molested with coin and livery. 
That no horseman shall keep but one horseboy for a horse. That 
no man shall take coin and livery upon any other man's lands but 
when he cometh to hostings. That no nobleman of Irish (sic.) shall 
have above 20 ells in his shirt, nor no horseman above 18, nor no 
footman above 16. 

1542. 34 Henry VIII. Kory O'More made Captain of Leix [part 
of Queen's county] as next heir to his brother Kedau. Sir Osborne 
Echingham, Marshal of the army. The O'Byrnes desire to hold 
their lands of the King, and offer to yield 3s. 4d. of every plough- 
land in name of a subsidy, confessing to have four score ploughlands 
in their countries, and in hostings to serve with 12 horsemen, and 
24 foot. 

1543. 35 Hen. VIII. A cess in the county of Tipperary for 60 
kerne for one quarter of a year. Nota, that the Irish bear galloglas 
and English kerne. The like for 60 kerne in the county Waterford, 
county Wexford, county Kilkenny : in Kildare and Carlow, six 

1543, July. 35 Henry VIII. By Sir Anthony Sentleger, an 
hosting accorded, the carriages after the rate of four ploughlands to 
a cart, and for every cart 2s. 8d. per diem. 

1543, 15 July. 35 Henry VIII. O'Donnell of Tirconnell giveth 
to the King half of his rent in Ichdarconnaghd [Western Connaught], 
and the coquett at Sligo. 5 August, Moryce O'Brien Earl of 
Thomond sworn of the King's council. 

1543, Oct. 12. Sir Anthony Sentleger, the Lord Deputy, licensed 
to repair into England, Sir William Brabazon, Lord Justice. 

Nota. That the Earl of Ormond recovered the castle of Dungarvan 
from the Earl of Desmond, being a rebel, and the estate thereof was 
assured to the King by Act of Parliament. 

1544. One thousand kerne sent by sea to the frontiers of England 
upon Scotland, to land at the Pyle of Foddray in Lancashire. 

1544, Sept. 36 Henry VIII. Sir Anthony Sentleger returned to 

1544, Oct. 36 Henry VIII. Question who should be lawful 
heir to Ulixes Burke, alias vocatus Fitzwilliam de Burgo, made 
Earl of Clauricarde. 


1586. VOL.CXXV. 

1546, 10 July. 38 Henry VIII. Sir William Brabazon, Lord 

1546, Oct. 28. Thomas Butler, tenth Earl of Ormond, "dyeth 
in England/' 

1547. Jan. 38 Henry VIII. The Kyng died 1547, February. 
Sir Anthony Sentleger returneth, February, anno priino Edwardi VI. 
[1547]. Cesses for six score sparis, six shillings upon every 
ploughland. In Dublin, ploughlands, 132, . . . 39?. 12s. Kildare, 
ploughlands, 120, .... 36?. Meath, ploughlands, 220, .... 66?. 
Westmeath, ploughlands, 55, ... 16?. 10s. Uriell, ploughlands, 
130, ... 39?. The Fowls [qy. the Owles in O'Malley's country] 
in ploughlands, 45, . . . 13?. 10s. 

1547, 24 March. Sir Richard Rede, Lord Chancellor of Ireland. 

1547, March 29. Sir Thomas Seymour was Lord Seymour of 
Sudley, and Admiral of England. 

1548, April 22. John. Alen, Chancellor. 

1548, Oct. Sir Francis Bryan, Lord Marshal in Ireland. 

1548, Nov. O'Conor, that is Brian O'Conor Faly, submitteth 
himself to Sir Edward Bellingham, Lord Deputy. 

1549, Oct. 31. Edward VI. A cess of wheat and malt for the 
fort called Protector in Leix, viz., 2,000 pecks of wheat, 2,000 pecks 
of malt, 400 fat marts or beeves. 

1549, Dec. 16. Sir Edward Bellingham repaired into England, 
and Sir Francis Bryan was chosen Lord Justice. 

1550, Jan. 31. Sir Francis Bryan, Lord Justice. [Note, his 
patent is dated 1549, Dec. 27, and he died at Clonmel on the 2nd of 
February 1550.] 

1550, July.. Sir William Brabazon, Lord Justice, Sir John Alen, 
Chancellor. [The privy seal for his successor's appointment is 
dated the 4th of August.] 

1550, November. Sir Anthony Sentleger, Lord Deputy ; Sir 
Thomas Cusake, Chancellor. A very long order for the country of 
Leinster, with a limitation to Cahir McArte Kavanagh, and all 
other septs of the Kavanaghs, how they shall possess their lands by 

1551, August. Sir [James] Croft, Lord Deputy. 

1551, November 8. [Con Bacagh O'Neill] Earl of Tyrone is 
stayed not to depart northward from the English Pale. 

1552, February 6. Sir [James] Croft, Lord Deputy. 

Ordered that no lease of tithes shall pass, until by the Lord 
Chancellor it may be seen whether any portion thereof might serve 
for the forts. 

1552, April 30. A limitation of lands for the castle of Leighlin, 
and services and rents of corn for the constable. page 5. 

A limitation for the house of Carlow. P a ge 5. 

1552, May 9. A like limitation for the constable of Ferns. 

page 5. 


158C. - CXXV " 

An order betwixt Sir Donough O'Brien, Earl of Thomond, and 
SirDonnell O'Brien, that Sir Donnell should have so much lands in 
the county of Corkymrow, Buryn, and Killenwaky as amounteth to 
the half of the barony of Ibrackan. page 5. 

Con Bacagh O'Neill, the Earl of Tyrone, and his wife are in the 
custody of John Money of Dublin, merchant. P a g e 5. 

1553, Feb. 8. Upon a peace made with Shane O'Neill, and with 
Hugh M'Neill Oge, and with the conformity of the Earl of Tyrone, 
a garrison at Armagh is revoked. page 5, end. 

Maria Regina. page 6. 

1553, July. Lord Justice Sir Thomas Cusake, anno primo 
Marise Reginse page 6. 

1553, 17 Aug. A general hosting upon new stirs of Donough 
O'Conor Faley. page 6. 

1553, Nov. 20. Anno primo Marise, Sir Anthony Sentleger, Lord 
Deputy. page 6. 

1553, Dec. 6. Nota. In Ireland Queen Mary was in her style 
written. Supremum Caput Ecclesiae. page 6. 

1554, July 3. A cess of corn and beeves in comitatibus Dublin, 
Meath, &c. page 6. 

1554, primo et secundo Philippi et Marise. Nota. Sir William 
Fytzwylliams of Ireland and Valentine Browne were in Commission. 

page G. 

1554. Sir Edmund Rouse, knight, Vice/Treasurer and Treasurer- 
at-War. page 6. 

1555, Aug. 7. Sir Thomas Cusake delivered the Great Seal to 
the Lord Deputy, who delivered the same to Sir William Fytz- 
wylliams. page 6, end. 

1556 [April 13]. Sir Henry Sydney appointed Vice-Treasurer 
after Sir Edmund Rouse. page 7. 

1556, May 26. Sir Thomas Ratcliffe, Lord Fitzwauter, Lord 
Deputy. page 7. 

1556, Aug. 10. Sir George Stanley, being Marshal of the Army 
in Ireland, was made by the Lord Deputy General, Governor of 
Ulster, with assistance of Prior Magennis, the Bishop of Down, 
Captain Humphrey Warren, Captain - Williamson, and Captain 
Girton. page 7. 

1556, Sept. 14. A protection granted to Shane O'Neill, with a 
proviso. page 7. 

1556, Sept. 16. Andrew Brereton, made General of Ulster. 

page 7. 

1556, Oct. 4. The Earl of Kildare, discharged, and Henry 
Cowley appointed to the charge of the Dyngen, now Philipstown, 
in Oflfaly.* page 7. 

1556, Dec. 31. A note of debts due in Ireland as Valentine 
Browne affirmed by reckoning taken 31st Dec. 1556: Andrew 
Wise, 4,349?. ; Sir Anthony Sentleger, 7,106?. ; Sir Thomas Cusake, 


1586. VOL ' CXXV " 

1,677?. 12s.; Thomas Jenyson, 630?.; John Parker, 753?. 6s. 8d. ; 
Walter Pepard, 426?. 13.9. 4c?. ; Richard Aylmer and Oliver Button, 
743?. 12s. 10,1 ; Sir Ed. Rouse, 3,471?. 2s. Total 19,158?. page 19. 

1557, Jan. 29. An order that a fifth part of all port corn should 
serve for the garrison, paying double the price for a peck, according 
to the original lease. P a g e 'T- 
IS 57, April 2. The Lord Fitzwauter became Earl of Sussex. 

page 7, end. 

1557-58, March. 7. Sir Henry Sydney, Vice-Treasurer, appointed 
Lord Justice of Ireland. page 8, 

] 558, May 4. Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy, returned. page 8. 

1558, Nov. 28. The Earl of Sussex being Deputy, took the oath 
and submission of Gerrot, the [sixteenth] Earl of Desmond, page 8. 

1558, Nov. [anno primo Elizabethse]. The Earl of Sussex came 
into England. 

1558-59, Jan. 7. Sir Henry Sydney, Lord Justice. page 8. 

1559, July 16. Instructions for the Earl of Sussex. In primis. 
A new survey to be made of lands, both spiritual and temporal, and 
no lease to be made but upon the best survey. The old leases of 
customs of ports not to be renewed without increase. Leix and 
Offaly, with Irrye, Glanmelyry, and Slemarg, to be distributed 
according to an Act of Parliament, and the tenants to have the 
same to them and their heirs male. The Exchequer to be reformed 
according to the order of the Exchequer in England, whereof a book 
was delivered to the Lord Deputy, signed by the Queen's hand and 
subscribed by the several officers of the Exchequer in England. 

page 15. 

1559, Aug. 31. The Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy, returned into 
Ireland. The Lord Deputy ordered that the cess of beeves should 
be made from the Irishry. page 8. 

1560, Jan. The Earl of Sussex came over to England. page 8. 

1560, May 6. The Earl of Sussex made Lord Lieutenant. 

page 15. 

[1560, May 6.] Authority to build castles, &c. in Leix and 
Offaly, and to people the countries, so as no estate be made larger to 
any but to them and the heirs male of their body. page 15. 

1560, May 10. The Earl of Sussex to have 1,000?. for enter- 
tainment with 50 horsemen and 50 footmen, and for increase a 
yearly allowance of 500?. sterling. P a g e 15. 

1560, May 10. The garrison allowed to be 1,480 men, viz., horse- 
men, 326 ; footmen, 864 ; kerne, 300, and 2 porters. The port-corn 
to be reserved to discharge the victualling of the army. To procure 
habitation of English people in Ulster. To recover Lecale, Newry, 
and Carlingford from the possession of the Scots, and to recompense 
Sir Nicholas Bagenall for his interest. That McCarthy More may 
be reduced to an estate after the English manner, as Thoinond and 


Clanricard are. page 15. 


158fi. ' CXXV ' 

1560, May 26. A full pay was made by the Earl of Sussex. 

page 15. 

1560 [May]. Authority for order of the North that Sorley Boy 
[M'Donnell], the Scot, may be admitted tenant of such lands as he 
claimeth by inheritance, with reservations of services. That Shane 
O'Neill be reduced to obedience by all manner of means, as well by 
force, if need be, as otherwise. That the Baron of Dungannon, if 
it shall be found meet by the Lord Lieutenant, may be invested in 
the Earldom of Tyrone. That the O'Briens, adversaries to the 
Earl of Thomond, may be apprehended. The Clerk of the Council 
made Secretary. That in the next parliament a statute be there 
(Ireland) made for avoiding of frauds of uses, according to a statute 
in England made 28 Hen. VIII. That upon information given 
of the disposition of the Irish captains to surrender their lands, &c., 
they may have estates in tail by letters patent under the Great 
Seal of England to them and their heirs male of their bodies. 
Order that no lease be made but upon the best rent, and that for 
every 10?. rent the tenants be charged to find one horseman, and for 
every 61. 13s. 4td. a footman. That if any old lease be voidable in, 
law, that it be so inquired of, and the tenants to renew their 
leases with increase of rents, according to the best surveys ; and 
reservation of services of horsemen and footmen. Many other good 
orders for increase of revenue. An increaseof 50 more men to the 
Lord Lieutenant, to be deducted out of the other bands. Order how 
to make an increase of revenue in the granting of wards and suing 
of liveries. Order to make a collection of necessary statutes and to 
cause them to be printed. page 16. 

1560, Aug. 1. Orders taken at Waterford between the Earls of 
Ormond and Desmond. page 8. 

1560, Aug. 21. A general hosting, and for every three plough- 
lands one cart. page 8. 

1560, Sept. 11. Articles of advice sent from the Lord Lieutenant 
from Drogheda, by Gilbert Gerrard, Esq., Attorney-General of Eng- 
land, viz. To displace Shane O'Neill. To make strong the Earls 
of Ormond, Thomond, Clanricarde, and their party. To have some 
noblemen and gentlemen of England, planted in Ireland. When cer- 
tain things shall be done there advised, and that Leix and Offally 
shall be planted with Englishmen, the garrison may be reduced to 500 
or 600, and after that to be diminished. Then, also, coin and livery 
may be taken away in all places. The port corn to be brought to 
Her Majesty's disposition, which now being let but for 12c?. or 16d. a 
peck, may be reasonably delivered to the garrison for 3s. 4c?. or 4s., 
and so the cesses may cease. page 17. 

That the bonnaught may be converted to a rent, which by esti- 
mation will make a yearly rent of 4,000?. That the revenues are 
yearly 8,027?., the revenue of Leix and Offaly 500?., in all 12,527?. 
Irish, which is 8,351?. sterling. page 17. 

[1560, Sept. 11.] The charges for the Lord Lieutenant, 1,500?. ; 
50 horsemen, 700?. ; Offaly and Leix, 200 footmen, 2,600?. ; 100 




horsemen, 1,400?. sterling ; 200 footmen, 2,600?.; 100 kerne, 600?. ; in 
all 9,400?. sterling, which exceedeth the revenue above mentioned 
1,048?. sterling. page 17. 

1560, Sept. 12. A general hosting against Shane O'Neill. 

page 8. 

1560, January 9, anno tertio Elizabeths. The Earl of Sussex 
[licensed to] return into England, and Sir William Fytzwylliams, the 
Vice-Treasurer, made Lord Justice. page 9. 

1560-1, January 24. The base moneys decried in England are 
ordered to keep their former value in Ireland quousque ; as the 
teston, which was sixpence in England, to be eightpence in Ireland. 

page 8. 

1560-1, February 1. The monthly charge in Ireland was 
1,654?. 14s. 2d The debt was at that time 13,047?. page 18. 

1560-1, Feb. 12. Consultations for government of Ireland. Sir 
James Croft 1. Thought justice and ministers of justice most neces- 
sary. 2. To prohibit the coming of the Scots into Ireland. 3. To 
have a colony of people from England into Ulster, and specially the 
Bann to be possessed. 4. The garrisons to be employed northward. 
5. The Irishry would be reduced to order by degrees, that is, by 
prescribing certain orders, not so exactly as the common law pre- 
scribeth. To have sheriffs. Sir Henry Sydney would have L The 
realm divided into shires. 2. The regalities to be taken away from 
the subjects. 3. To make estates to some principal of the Irish, as 
Thomond and Clanricard hath. 4. To erect up the Baron of Dun- 
gannon. 5. A Council at Gal way, another at Limerick. 6. Knock- 
fergus castle to be fortified. page 18. 

1560-1, Feb. The persons in pay in Ireland, viz., the Earl of 
Sussex, Lord Lieutenant, Sir William Fytzwylliams, Treasurer-at- 
Wars, Sir Henry Radeclyff, Lieutenant of the forts of Leix and Offaly, 
Sir George Stanley, Marshal, Sir John Travers, late Master of the 
Ordnance, Sir Jaques Wingfelde, Master of the Ordnance, Francis 
Agarde, Captain Warren, Captain Girton, Captain Heron, Matthew 
Kyng, Clerk of the Cheque, Captain Collye, Captain Lypiat, Captain 
Portas, William Pers, Constable of the Ward of Knockfergus ; Henry 
Stafford, Constable of Dungarvan ; Francis Randolfe, Constable of 
Carlow ; Francis Cosbie, Constable of the Ward of Munsterevan ; 
Thomas L'Estrange, late Constable of the Ward of Athlone ; Richard 
Hopwood, Clerk of the Ordnance ; Francis Cosby, General of the 
Kerne; Owen M'Hugh. page 19. 

1560-1, March 24 (3 Eliz.). The base coins of England valued in 
Ireland as the teston of 4-^c?. shall be current for Qd., and the testons 
of 2cL for 3d page 9. 

1561, May 24. Instructions for the Earl of Sussex. Authority 
to let some of the remote parts of Leix and Offaly to such of 
the O'Mores and O'Conors as shall, upon submission, be thought 
meet to remain. Order to invade Shane O'Neill, and to send 500 
men more out of England, and to levy 100 horsemen in Ireland. 
To set up the Baron of Dungannon. To move Sorley Boy and 
James M'Donnell to make war upon Shane O'Neill. Intention to 


1586. - CXXV - 

make McCarthy More Earl of Muskerry, and O'Donnell Earl of 
Tyrconnell. New moneys coined of fine sterling, whereof the 
twelve-penny piece to be current in Ireland for twelve pence, and 
in England for ninepence. page 20. 

15G1, June 8. Earl of Sussex, Lord Lieutenant. page 9. 

1562, May 5. A proclamation to publish Shane O'Neill's sub- 
mission of himself in England, and to be accepted as a good 
subject, &c. page 21. 

1562, June [18]. The Earl of Desmond submitted himself to 
the Queen's Majesty, and had his pardon. page 20. 

1562, July 3. Instruction for the Earl of Sussex. That he 
should continue Shane O'Neill in assurance of the Queen's favour. 
That O'Donnell, O'Reilly, and Maguire should be procured to come 
into England, and to receive estates, &c., as the Earls of Thomond 
and Clanricarde have. Order to let or grant Leix and Offaley, re- 
serving besides all other services, the yearly rent of every acre 2d. 
for the first seven years, and after that 3d. Order to compound 
with the country for determination of the cesses for the soldiers, for 
redeeming of the leases of the port-corn, &c., whereunto it is 
informed that the country will be contributory. Order to move 
the captains of the Irish countries to come into England, to receive 
their lands at the Queen's hands. That at the next parliament, 
the noblemen of the realm may do their homage and fealty. Order 
to confer with the states of the realm ; how three councils might be 
established, viz., one at Armagh for Ulster ; one at Limerick for 
Munster ; one at Athlone for Connaught. Order to summon a 
parliament, and before that to cause a collection to be made what 
laws were meet to be printed and published. Order to appoint 
a session of a Council for Riots, &c., like to the Star Chamber. 

page 21. 

1562, July 7. Sir Nicholas Arnold was sent into Ireland in 
commission to join with the Viscount of Baltinglas, the Baron of 
Dunsany, the Baron of Louth, &c. to muster the garrison, upon 
information given by William Bermyngham. page 22. 

[1562, July.] A form of a lease or grant, devised by Mr. Attorney 
General, for grants to be made of the Queen's lands in Leix and 
Oflaley. page 21. 

1562, Nov. 24. Sir Nicholas Arnold 'sent into Ireland to take 
musters. page 9. 

1563-64, Jan. Sir Nicholas Arnold made Justice of Ireland. 

page 22. 

1563-64, Feb. Sir Thomas Wrothe and Sir Nicholas Arnold 
were sent into Ireland. page 23. 

1563-64, Feb. 13. The state of the garrison when Sir Nicholas 
Arnold was first, Lord Justice. Hoi-semen, 348 ; footmen, 949. 
Wards : horsemen, 6 ; footmen, 65. Office of the Ordnace, 20 ; 
kerne, 303 ; in all, 1,695. Whereof discharged : horsemen, 141 ; 
footmen, 388 ; in all, 529. Add newly entered, 55 and 5, and so the 



whole was, horsemen, 222; footmen, 701. Total, 923, and kerne, 

302. The charges in money per diem, 391. 14s. 7d. ; per mensem, 

1,112?. 10s. 6d. [Note. These numbers do not all agree, but they 

give almost as good an idea of the garrison in Ireland as if they 

were quite exact] page 23. 

1564. April 11. A general peace with France. page 10. 

1564, April 22. Sir Nicholas Arnold made Lord Justice. 

page 10. 

1564, May 29. By Sir Nicholas Arnold, the garrison reduced to 
200 horse and 500 foot. page 10. 

1564, June 4. William Bermyngham's complaint against the 
Earl of Sussex. page 23. 

1564, Oct. 29. Sir Henry Radeclyff, Lieutenant of the forts in 
Leix and Offaly, delivereth up his charge. page 10. 

[1564, Oct.] The Earl of Ormond has the charge of Leix and 
Offaly. page 10. 

[1564], Nov. 20. Sir Thomas Wrothe departed out of Ireland 
into England. page 10. 

1564-65, Feb. 3. The fight betwixt the Earls of Ormond and 
Desmond, in Sir Maurice Fitzgerald's country near Drommenna. 

page 23. 

1565-66, Jan. 20. Sir Henry Sydney took the charge, as Lord 
Deputy. page 11. 

1566, April 9. The Earl of Desmond and Sir Maurice Fitz- 
gerald, being returned from England, were heard before the Lord 
Deputy and Council at Dublin. page 11. 

1566, Aug. 2. A hosting against Shane O'Neill. page 11. 

1566, Nov. 4. A cess of corn in the English Pale, and beeves in 
the Irish. page 11. 

1567, June 18. Turlough Lynagh [O'Neill] submitteth himself 
to Sir Henry Sydney, the Lord Deputy, at Castle Corkra in Tyrone, 
after the death of Shane O'Neill. page 12. 

1569, June 6. Thomas Stucley committed to prison, being 
accused for slander spoken of the Queen's Majesty. page 12. 

1569, June 16. Sir Edmund Butler, Edward Butler, and Piers 
Butler, proclaimed rebels. 

1569, June 30. The Queen's letter to the Lord Deputy Sydney 
for freedom of the Earl of Ormond from cess. page 12. 

1569, Sept. 2. A protection granted to Edmund Butler and his 
brethren. page 12. 

1569, Oct. 20. The Earl of Ormond becometh bound for his 
brethren. page 12. 

1569-70, Feb. 28. Submission of Sir Edmund Butler and Piers 
Butler to the Lord Deputy, Sir Henry Sydney. page 13. 

1570, July 15. A [general] hosting against Turlough Lynagli 
O'Neill [for the 15th of August]. page 13. 


1586. - CXXV ' 

1570, Nov. Conor O'Brien, Earl of Thomond, sent into Ireland, 
after he came out of France. page 13. 

1570, Dec. 21. The Earl of Thomond surrendered all his estates 
to Sir Henry Sydney, Lord Deputy. page 13. 

1570-71, Jan. 20. A concord with Turlough Lynagh O'Neill. 

page 13. 

1570-71, Jan. 20. A concord with [Sir Donough] O'Conor, Sligo. 

page 13. 

1570-71, Feb. 14. A submission to the Lord Deputy by the Earl 
of Clancarr (Donyll M'Carthy More). page 13. 

1574, July 18. Nota, a combination of the Earl of Desmond 
with other traitors. page 152. 

1585, Aug. 13. The Chancellor [Loftus] and Vice-Treasurer 
[Wallop] show their opinions against the Lord Deputy's [Perrot] 
chargeable journeys into Ulster. page 147. 

1585, Aug. A fight in Ulster betwixt Francis Stafford [Colonel 
of the forces at Knockfergus], and the Scots and Irish joined with 
them, which were about a 1,000 and the English but 170. 

page 147. 

1585, Aug. Sorley [Boy M'Donnell] sendeth his letters to the 
Deputy by a soldier of Captain Henshaw's, that was a prisoner in 
Scotland, and requireth to have the Glynns. page 147. 

1586, May. Indenture between the Lord Deputy and Angus 
M'Donnell for the Glynns, but Olderfleet haven excepted, with a 
number of good covenants. page 152. 

1586, June. Sorley Boy [M'Donnell] came to Dublin, requireth 
to have the Route ; he is made a denizen ; Dunluce given to him. 

page 152. 
Neale Oge [O'Neill] submitteth himself to the Lord Deputy. 

page 152. 

1586, July. Ten bands of footmen delivered to Sir William 
Stanley. page 152. 

[Indorsed "1588, October.'' The years betiveen 1575, page 91, 
and 1578, page 94, also the years between 1581, page 142, and 
1583-84, Jan., page 145, are wanting.] pp. 152. 

Aug. 1. Particulars of two Privy Seals for Ireland ; one for the pay- 
ment of debts, the other to be delivered to Sir William Pelham 
for provision of powder and munitions to be sent into Ireland. 
[See Dom. Eliz., 3rd Aug. 1586.] 

Aug. 1. 36. Sir William Collier to Burghley for payment of his enter- 
Uubiin. tainment, for which he hath been a long suitor, p. 1. 

Aug. 1. 37. Note of escheated lands in Munster sought for by Sir Jo. 
Norreys, viz., Caryk Rohan, Mallow, and Askeaton to be annexed 
to the Presidentship, and Tralee, Listinnin, and Moghelly to be 
inhabited by himself, p. 1. 


1586 VOL. CXXV. 

Aug. 1. 38. Orders to be observed by the tenants of Mogelly : They must 
dwell in the town, and keep arms in readiness, so that when any 
cry is up, either by day or night, they may all upon sound of the 
drum repair to the castle gate, there to receive and follow what 
direction shall be given them. pp. 2. 

Aug. 2. 39. Note of suitors for Irish debts, viz. : 

Such as have the Treasurer's bills, Sir Thomas Pullison, Sir 
William Collier, Capt. William Mince, William Mellichap, merchant, 
Christopher Phagan, merchant, Auditor Thomas Jenyson, Robuck 
French for the town of Galway, Sir Nicholas Bagenall, Sir Henry 
Bagenall, Walter Segrave. 

Such as have Mr. Petre's bills upon remains. Roger Pope and 
Ro. Crimble, the Earl of Kildare, Nicholas Weston, Thomas Faunt- 
leroy, the Earl of Essex. 

Such as have bills and reckonings. Sir Edward Moore, Terence 
O'Dempsie, Stephen Segar, constable of Dublin Castle ; Francis 
Tailor, a victualler ; Captain William Jenkins, a captain out of pay ; 
Lawrence Clinton, a soldier ; Robert Damport, provost marshal in 
Connaught ; Thickpenny's widow ; George Huntingdon, a pensioner ; 
Mildred Hop wood, widow of a clerk of the Ordnance ; Wyse, for the 
city of Waterford ; H. Wells, merchant of London, factor for Bankes ; 
H. Duke, a soldier in wages ; Edward Keyes, a constable at Black- 
water ; Francis Stafford ; Sir George Bowrchier ; Gregory Cole, for my 
Lady of Sussex ; Hancock, a merchant of Dublin, upon a docket due 
to Sir Henry Ratcliffe ; John Meagh, almsman ; William Lawrence, 
upon a prest bill of Captain Mackworth's ; Sir George Carew ; George 
Weedon, merchant of Ireland ; Robert Fletcher, a victualler ; Arthur 
O'Toole for his pension ; Thomas Skinner, merchant ; Mr. George 
Harvye ; Mr. Edward Barkley ; Teig McCarthy ; Mr. Justice Walshe ; 
the town of Fethert [Fethard]. Nota, amongst these 6,925. 7s. 5d. 
was to be divided. Some of the poor men were fully paid their 
demands for small sums. pp. 2. 

Aug. 3. 40. Petition of soldiers who served under Sir H. Radeclyff, now 
Earl of Sussex, to Burghley. Pray for payment of 91 \l. 8s. 9d. 
Irish, due for their hard service long ago, with oft peril of their lives 
and loss of limbs, pp. 2. 

Aug. 4. 41. Note of Creditors of Ireland to be paid ; some their whole dues 
and others part ; amongst the names occur the Earl of Essex ; Thomas 
Skinner, merchant ; Terris O'Demsie ; Patrick Ailward, for the town 
of Fethert [Fethard], and Richard Mompesson. There is the fol- 
lowing note on the back in Burghley's hand. William Pers of 
Knockfergus : William Pers of Portsmouth ; William Pers, lieutenant 
to the next William, a pensioner of two shillings per diem, and 
William Pers at Knockfergus, nephew to William Pers. pp. 2. 

Aug. 4. 42. Robert Petre to Burghley. The bearer, Mrs. Jenyson's son 

(George Freville), hearing that there is a warrant out for Irish 
debts, has prayed to be remembered for a bill for 440. 8s. sterlin g. 




Aug. 7. 


Aug. 11. 



Petre also reminds Burghley of a docquet and warrant of Richard 
Mompesson's for 178?. 19s. lid, and another of Humfrey Kerrie of 
the sum of 1 761., of both which by Burghley 's appointment he had 
delivered a note to Mr. Henry Maynard. p. . 

43. G. Beverley to Burghley. Arrival of treasure, July 24. 

44. Wallop to Burghley. .The greatness of Her Majesty's debt 
here, the extreme want of money, and the penury and dearth of 
everything almost in the country, through which the poorer sort 
are driven to be very clamorous, and every man forced to call for 
that which is due to him to relieve his necessity, doth make me 
the sooner to despatch away the bearer, Thomas Fauntleroy, back 
again for some new supply, which I do humbly beseech your Lord- 
ship to procure, with your accustomed favour towards the helping 
of so many miserable servitors as are here in pitiable state, and 
which my heart doth rue that I should be driven to reject in such 
sort as I am constrained to do. The proportions of treasure, so 
scant in comparison of the debt and the growing charges, and the 
extraordinaries arising as they do, the debt of Her Majesty must 
still increase. 

Of this last proportion sent hither, I have disbursed to Mr. 
Beverley 2,000?., besides 970?., owing for victuals at Chester ; 300?. 
paid here for money borrowed before the treasure come, and 300?. 
left at Chester for the commissioners by your Lordship's direction. 
And with the rest I am now in hand to imprest the garrison, 
rateably, as it will stretch, saving that the Lord Deputy requireth 
payment till Michaelmas, saying he cannot forbear it, seeing his 
cess is taken from him. 

The decay of the rents and revenues by tolerations and wastes, 
your Lordship may see by the former certificates, and so much 
as the Auditor and myself have written before, and likewise now 
of the impost, which from almost 4,000?. a year is fallen to less 
than 1,000?. this year. 

And whereas the Lord Deputy, shortly after the coming over of 
Mr. Secretary Fenton with instructions, agreed with the English 
Pale for the payment of 3,000?. for the composition in lieu of cess, 
for two years to be ended at Michaelmas next, yet hath there been 
no certain days appointed, nor any order taken for the levying or 
paying thereof, albeit both myself and Mr. Secretary Fenton have 
several times, both privately and publicly, moved the Lord Deputy 
to have it done. But till the Lord Deputy have gathered in all 
his own cess, wherewith he hath charged the country till the 15th 
of May last, which he hath very earnestly followed, it were un- 
seasonable for his purpose to have a new charge come to the 
country, which might hinder the levying of his own. pp. 1. 

Aug. 11. 45. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. The continual increase of Her 

Dublin Castle. Majesty's debt, for want of mete treasure being sent over. And 

touching the remains of the Treasurer's account for cthe asualties, 

impost, and compositions which your Lordship is sorry to see so 


1586. VOL ' CXXV ' 

small for five years and a half, ended at Michaelmas 1584, which I 
certified to be 52,038?. 4s. 3c?. Irish, as so much remaining upon 
those accounts towards the payment of the martial affairs. Surely 
the same doth much surmount any former years, and much thereof 
brought in by Mr. Treasurer's own industry, being the only careful 
man of that Court of the Exchequer, to see Her Majesty duly 
answered. But I much doubt in so many years next following the 
same will come short of those five years past, by reason that in the 
augmentation of the Chief Justice, the Attorney, and the Solicitor's 
fees, there will be 5001. by year to be paid out of the revenues more 
than formerly hath been paid, which is one cause of diminishing 
thereof. Then the impost of wines, which in those former years 
was brought (much by the Treasurer's industry) above 3,000?. 
before they were letten to Mr. Brouncker, yieldeth not now 1,000?. 
this year, which is another cause of decay. And Munster lying 
in effect waste, wherein little revenue will be levied till the same 
shall be reinhabited is another great occasion of the decay of the 
revenue. And besides much lauds in the counties of Carlow, 
Wexford, Kildare, and some part of Dublin lie as yet waste, and 
uninhabited of a greatest part of that which was wasted and spoiled 
in the late rebellions. 

And touching the increases the Lord Deputy hath made, there is 
none such brought into any charge in my office more than was in 
former times charged. And for the new compositions in Connaught 
lately made, I have not seen any of them, nor have either certifi- 
cate or extract whereby to charge the same, more than that compo- 
sition that was made in the last government of Sir Henry Sydney, 
} T et I hear that in the new compositions, there is set down in the 
same Her Majesty's own lands let by lease to farmers in such sort 
that (if the same hold) certain of Her Majesty's rent will be extin- 
guished, and divers freeholders do exclaim to have such a burden laid 
on their lands, which ought to be free. Grant of thirty horsemen 
to Mr. Fowle. 

I humbly beseech your Lordship for my payment upon Mr. 
Treasurer's bill, which my wife could not receive, but wanting for 
her maintenance left the city, leaving the bill with Mr. Petre or my 
brother [Thomas] Neale. pp. 3. 

Aug. 12. 46. Wallop to Burghley. Has received his letter of June 30, by 
Dublin. Thomas Fauntleroy. Cannot certainly declare what sums of 
money have been paid for debts due before the Lord Deputy 
Perrot's coming over. Has never had treasure sufficient to make 
any full pay unto a certain day, and has been driven to pay the 
garrisons still by way of imprest. When the captains bring to him 
their warrants of full pay, he delivers to them back again so many 
prest bills as he has of theirs until that time, which bills, being so 
out of his (Wallop's) hands, he cannot know which were due before 
the Lord Deputy's coming, and which after. Also in England, 
sundry great sums being paid (the bills whereof are not come to his 
hands), he cannot know which are dated before his Lordship's 
government, or which dated since, by reason whereof he cannot 


1686. - CXXV " 

possibly resolve Lord Burghley of this point. His account both as 
Treasurer-at-Wars, and also as Vice-Treasurer, already viewed 
thoroughly till Michaelmas 1584. His account as Treasurer-at-Wars 
from Michaelmas 1584 till Michelmas 1586 is now in hand, which 
he hopes will be wholly viewed before Christmas. Thinks that the 
sight thereof would be the readiest way to satisfy Burghley, as well 
in that point as in any other matter concerning the charges in the 
Lord Deputy Perrot's time, which Wallop supposes will not fall out, 
for his northern journeys, so great, as haply hath been supposed, or 
as the like journeys in some other times have been heretofore, 
although it cannot be, but they have bred some extraordinary 

Has pressed Mr. Beverley, the victualler, concerning a more perfect 
certificate of Her Majesty's losses in victualling, and showed him 
that part of Burghley's letter. He promises to satisfy Burghley 
therein very shortly. 

Desires Burghley to consider what the growing charges do amount 
unto, and compare therewith the sums of money lately sent to 
Ireland, which will show that Her Majesty's former debt cannot be 
any way diminished, but rather much increased. 

Refers Burghley to his letter, written 31 May, and the certificates 
sent therewith. Wallop has done his endeavour to the utmost of 
his power to get in as much of the arrearages, rents, and revenues 
as he could, and has paid 52,550?. Is. 5d. Irish (besides the ordinary 
payments of fees and patentees) to the garrison during the five 
years and a half ended at Michaelmas 1584. If others who have 
the like charge with him, and especially in the Exchequer, had done 
their duties, he thinks there might have been some better account. 

Has sundry times before, and now eftsoons urged that the in- 
creases by compositions, which Burghley writes that the Lord 
Deputy Perrot has mentioned often, and written of to Her Majesty, 
might be brought .into charge and certified; but hitherto neither 
has he seen any charge, nor can learn of any such increase made 
by the Lord Deputy now that- the finding of soldiers upon the 
Northern Lords is quailed, which was the only pretence of increase 
made by his Lordship for aught Wallop ever heard ; and so like- 
wise for those of Connaught, which, nevertheless, he thinks will now 
ere long be certified in some sort (having moved the Lord Deputy 
therein, and also written earnestly to Sir Richard Byngham con- 
cerning the same), though haply, not so particularly as Burghley 
requires. Albeit when Wallop shall see them, he will not only pro- 
cure that they may be distinguished according to Burghley's desire, 
by the Auditor, but will also do his best therein himself, or at the 
least signify his opinion therein to Burghley's satisfaction, as much 
as he shall be able. But in that Burghley writes of the complaint 
of the Lady Malbie and her son that those lands descended to him 
should be burthened with compositions more than any other English- 
man's there, notwithstanding covenants by Sir Nicholas Malbie, for 
the freeing of his tenants, Wallop's opinion is, that any covenant 
made by him or any other with their tenants, ought not to bar Her 




Majesty from those duties that are to be yielded to Her Highness. 
In which case the duties are to be levied upon the land, and the 
tenants to have their remedy against the Lord. Although for that 
part of being burthened more than any other Englishman's lands 
are, he takes the information to be untrue, for that he is sure both 
Sir Thomas Le Strange's lands, and sundry other Englishmen's lands 
are charged, and do yield the composition in like sort and proportion 
as those of Sir Nicholas Malbie's do. And even so are likewise all 
the tenants of Her Majesty subject to the composition, as well 
as any other men's within that province. He has acquainted the 
Auditor with all those points of Burghley's letters which concern 
the [arrearages and debts of Her Majesty here, or may any way 
concern him, who has promised by his own letter to his Lordship to 
answer touching those points. 

Wallop renews his suit that he may, upon the determination of 
his account, make his repair into England. And also earnestly 
entreats that " if it should happen that upon the Lord Deputy's 
continual soliciting for licence, Her Majesty should yield to send 
for him, he may (for the reasons already in his other letters alleged 
to Burghley, and most chiefly for his own inability and insufficiency 
which he can best discern and feel in himself), have neither jointly 
nor severally anything to do with the government, wherein he does 
in the most earnest and hearty manner he can, crave Burghley's 
accustomed favour towards him. 

Wallop thanks Burghley for his favour in imparting to Her 
Majesty his endeavour in the Parliament House, concerning the 
Act of Desmond's attainder, which he shall ever be most ready to 
requite with all the service he may be able. Assures Burghley that 
he advertised him thereof as modestly as he might, and chiefly to 
decipher a man (Perrot), that under pretence of dutifulness, hath 
long carried an unfaithful heart, and withal begs leave to say, that 
had he done any such service in any other man's time but this, 
whom envy will not suffer to allow of any man's actions but his 
own or his dependents, he should not have needed to have been 
his own herald, either in this matter [of John Fitz Edmund's], or in 
his (Wallop's) proceedings at Enniscorthy, which he is sure any 
man who knows the place but he, would judge to be a work 
worthy recommendation from this state, pp. 4. 

Aug. 12. 47. Wallop to Burghley. It hath pleased you, in a part of your 
Dublin. last letter, to give me thanks for the advertisements sent you of 
the state of this country, and to request me to continue the same, 
for that the Lord Deputy Perrot doth " seldomer" write to your Lord- 
ship than others in his place have done. Munster is all quiet. So 
is Leinster, although I find some shrewd tokens of Feagh M'Hugh 
O'Byrne's disposition to play his wonted pranks, having taken a 
small occasion to be his own carver, in seeking a revenge upon the 
sons of one Morish Duff Kavanagh, whom he first provoked, and 
they after attempted somewhat against him ; and reiusing to come 
before the Lord Deputy and Council to have the matter ordered 


1586. ~ CXXV ' 

between them, notwithstanding he had his pardon but very lately, 
and that his adversaries appear to answer his complaint. 

In Ulster since the coming of Sorley Boy M'Donnell to this town 
of Dublin, and the agreements made with Angus M'Donnell, and 
with O'Donnell, and between the Earl of Tyrone and Turlough 
Lynagh O'Neill, there is not any new accident happened, worthy the 
writing, save only, that Angus hath not signified the acceptation of 
that agreement which his mother made in his name, but contrariwise 
hath taken in hand M'Alane [M'Quillin], with divers of his best 
followers, and killed sundry of his people very treacherously, by 
which I think he is assuredly practising some new mischief, as far 
as he shall be able. And some of his Scots of the Glynns, joined 
with some others come over not long since, have greatly spoiled 
Sir John O'Dogherty, and now begin with Brian Carragh M'Donnell 
who is now under the Earl of Tyrone, as he was before under 
Turlough Lynagh O'Neill. 

There hath been discharged of the garrison of Carrickfergus since 
the same agreements 150 men, and all the entertainments ceased 
of the bands, which were kept by the Lords of that province, 
whereof part went with Sir William Stanley, though of them 
Captain Merriman's band of a hundred hath been again entertained 
to serve in Connaught for these present broils that are there, for 
which service also Sir Kichard Byngham hath erected another band 
of a hundred men. 

Doubts whether the Lord Deputy will do Sir Richard Byngham 
so much right as to declare in his despatch, his travel and diligence 
in service. Assuring your Lordship that he is in my judgment a 
very sufficient gentleman, and one who would govern that province 
under his charge better than he doth, if the Lord Deputy did not 
continually cross him almost in everything, even as he doth likewise 
the other provincial governor, either because he will have no man to 
do well, unless it seem to come from him, or to show that he can and 
will overrule all, as pleaseth him, without regard whether it be well 
or ill. 

Beseeches Burghley to peruse again his letter of 26 April last 
with regard to a former motion of his (Wallop's), touching the com- 
missions for setting and letting Her Majesty's lands, and stalling, 
remitting, or demanding Her Majesty's debts and arrearages ; and 
the manner how concordatum's pass, unto which " I find not any 
answer " whereby I might guess of like or dislike thereof. All is 
bestowed upon the Governor's men or favourites, pp. 2. Incloses. 

47. i. Sir R Byngham to the Lord Deputy. After the despatch 
of my last from Roscommon, I set forward from thence towards 
the county of Mayo the 12th of July, and came the I4>th to Ballyn- 
roba, at which place I received a letter from the Burkes, wherein 
they craved to come to parley /or peace, whereunto I assented and 
granted protection to such of tfiem as should come to parley with 
me, and appointed them a time certain, to meet them with certain 
gentlemen of our camp in such place as they desired to conduct 
them to me, but this time they brake, and craved longer time, which 

I 2 


1586. VOL - CXXV ' 

also was granted them, notwithstanding I had proclaimed itiem before 
I sent at the time and to the place appointed, the Archbishop of 
Tuam, the Earl of Glanricard, the Bishop of Kilmore, the Lord 
Birmingham, Justice Dillon, Mr. Comerford, and others, to talk 
with them, thinking that the best of them should then and there 
have met our said company, but they, contrary to our expectation, 
sent thither one man alone, and that of the meanest of the chief of 
them, who, being instructed from them, stood on the terms that 
in their former articles they all did, the copy whereof I sent 
your Lordship. The gentlemen which I sent thither delivered them 
your Lordship's and the Council's resolution in those points, yet 
they stood still on their accustomed terms ; that is, to have a 
M' William, to have no officer in their six baronies, but such as they 
liked, to come to no sessions, and such like. Our men returning 
with this their absolute answer, I resolved with the rest of mine 
associates to execute their pledges, which being done, and my com- 
panies being come in to me, although not all, yet as many as I had, 
and thought would suffice, I set all things in a readiness, and the 
2lst day marched towards their fastness. I departed from the 
footmen at the abbey of Ballintubber the same day, and brought 
with me the Earl of Clanricard, and all the horsemen of the camp, 
and encamped myself at Ballintougher, and the Earl at Ballin- 
loober, dividing the companies of horsemen to these two places, both 
for the defence of the country, and also for the better annoying of 
the enemy. The next day being Friday, and the 22nd day, our 
footmen, in number about 700, entered the enemy's fastness, expect- 
ing to [fight with them (for so the Burkes had bragged], but that 
night they met none. So they continued marching through the 
country till the 28th of the same, and then came near to Galway 
with a prey of 2,000 cows, besides other cattle taken from the 
enemy at sundry times, within the time aforesaid, and from several 
septs of them, some from the Clangibbons, some from the Clandon- 
nells, some from the Blind Abbot [William Burke, alias the Blind 
Abbot, Chief of the Lower Burkes], the capital traitor of them, and 
some from the Joys, and some from others. I suppose if the prey 
coming to account be 2,000, it was at the taking of it 3,000, and 
during all that time our men did feed, also on the enemy's cattle. 
In going through the fastness as aforesaid, our men met not with 
any that off ered to fight with them, for the traitors dispersed and 
scattered themselves, and are now sundered in sort following, 
and as I hear, durst not one to trust another, which has happened 
unto them by means of the proclamation. 

The Blind Abbott's sons and their followers are together in one 
company, the Burkes and Clandonnell's in another company. The 
Joys in a company by themselves, and Edmund M'Michard en 
Yeren with his company by themselves : all in sundry places, one 
from another. Nevertheless, our footmen killed divers of them, took 
some prisoners, and executed others, but none of the head traitors, 
and yet some of good account among them. During the time 
of the service by the footmen in the mountains, 1 was not idle 


1586. VOL ' CXXV " 

here, for first I employed Sir Morrough Ne Doe O'Flaherty 
and Teig O'Flalierty, with some companies, and Richard Oge 
M'Jonyn, with his men, to sally in upon the Joys, bordering on 
Sir Morrough, to meet with such as fled from our forces " that 
waies." who did so, and took from the enemy 1,500 or 1,600 cows, 
as by prisoners which I took since, hath been confessed, but Sir 
Murrough saith that he took but 800 or 1,000. / also employed 
John Brown of the Neale, with the rising out of Kilmean to 
make an incursion upon them by the way of Ballynonagh, who 
also took from them seven or eight score cows, and brought away 
four heads and one prisoner, and drowned seven or eight of 
them more. Moreover, I employed certain loose footmen and 
kerne, which came to me after the departure of the footmen into 
the mountains, to the number of a hundred or thereabouts, into 
Irris, who brought from thence of the traitors' goods, the number 
of 2,000 cows, but there came but 600 to dividing. Also I employed 
Roger O'Flaherty in certain pinnaces by sea, to keep them from the 
islands. He also, as I hear, hath taken some of their cattle, so as 
they have already lost, as I judge, above 5,000 head of cows, 
besides garrons and other cattle, so that I think the Scots will nmu 
have small lust to come to them,. All these good successes that I 
have had against them notwithstanding, yet for that I hear they 
do now much repent them that they began this lewd action, I do 
not cease to deal underhand for to work the mean to make them 
submit themselves and crave mercy, which shall at all times be 
granted them, according to your Lordship's direction, if I find they 
will in good sort accept it. Touching the footmen and horsemen 
which your Lordship does write to be in a readiness for me if I shall 
need them,, and also certain kerne out of Leinster, I humbly thank 
your Honour for the same, and humbly desire the stay of them 
there, except I shall write for them to your Lordship, for I have 
already turned back many companies of kerne which came towards 
me from Munster and other places to have served here, and will 
now also discharge many of these which I have, and follow them 
with small numbers, both to avoid charges, and also the sooner 
to bring the enemy to show himself. If they shall not yet submit 
themselves, I will presently go through them again, and as soon as 
their corn is ripe I will burn it all, save such as I shall reserve for 
our own people, for to be plain with your Lordship, I do and 
will make a sharp war upon them for three causes ; the first to 
force them the sooner to submit themselves, the second to bring 
them so low that they shall not be able to entertain Scots, and the 
third to make all others of this province stand in fear to attempt 
the like actions ; yet, as I said before, I reserve favour for all them 
that will submit themselves. I do not now fear the repair of any 
Scots into those parts, nor yet into the province if O'Rourke stand 
fast, but I doubt him still. I cannot get the composition rent 
of him, but if your Lordship will assent thereunto, I will soon 
fetch it from him, and make him as unable to entertain Scots as 
these men are. Nevertheless, without your Lordship's direction I 


1586. VOL - 

will not deal with him ; the Earl of Clanricard hath demeaned 
himself very honourably in this service. I beseech your Honour to 
commend him for it. Sir Morrough Ne Doe carrieth himself in a 
good course yet for aught I can perceive. I do, and will entreat 
him in all good sort for your Lordship's sake. This is the whole 
sum of my proceedings hitherto. I hope to despatch this broil very 
shortly, and with little or no charge to Her Majesty, as I have laid 
down the plot, I do marvel what moved so many Munster kerne to 
repair hitherwards to the end to spoil the country I assure your 
Lordship I sent not for them, neither would I willingly have so 
many come hither ; if, therefore, any of them come to your Lordship 
to make suit to be sent hither and employed here, I beseech your 
Lordship not to grant it to them, for they come up so fast as I 
think I must be forced to turn upon them to drive them out of the 
province. I did entertain your Lordship's man, William, Mostyn, 
and his brother, who brought hither many men of Munster. I wish 
them at home again, for I find the kerne of this province sufficient 
servitors. There came a carragh to these parts, which brought letters 
out of Munster to Captain Barkley ; lie gave out reports that Her 
Majesty's forces in Flanders were all overthrown, and that fifteen 
great ships were landed with Spaniards on the south coast. The 
man was here, and being found a scatterer of bad rumours, and a 
bad man, he was executed. I fear me that this thrusting in of 
Munster men is but a device of some to spoil the country and make 
the charges of this action great. July 30. The camp at Ballin- 
togher. Copy. pp. 2. 

Aug. 12. 48. Wallop to Burghley. Thanks his Lordship for having 
Dublin. favourably moved Her Majesty concerning his suit for the fee farms 
of the friaries of Adare, and the abbey of Nenagh, and other things 
thereabouts. Wallop's planting there would not only be beneficial 
to himself but serviceable to Her Majesty. Although it seemeth, 
by that part of your letter, that Her Majesty objected that She 
could not like of deputies and treasurers to be purchasers of lands 
here in Ireland, yet I hope that, howsoever, in respect of the many 
means which such personages have to deal indirectly in such things, 
the said mislike of Her Highness may be grounded, yet in honest 
and just proceeding the same shall take no place, and especially 
where the service of Her Majesty doth rather induce the doing 
thereof than any private commodity. The truth is that I never 
purchased, since I came to this place, one foot of land either here 
or in England, only this lease of Rigges I bought, in which I had a 
former interest, meaning thereby rather the good and service of 
Her Majesty than mine own profit ; and also another lease of 
Kichard Sinnot of a friary and 360 acres of land in the county of 
Wexford, which cost me but 1501., being but a small portion of a 
grant passed to him at his last being in England for 40 years in 
reversion. In which place I have bestowed some charge, and if I 
be not blind in the state of this country have deserved good 
acceptation of my doing in that behalf, in fronting that border 



1586. VOL ' CXXV ' 

better than ever it hath been heretofore in the memory of man. 
By this it seemeth, Her Majesty mistaketh my suit, being but a 
fee-farm of those things and no purchase, which, as I conceive, is 
not any other than that is offered to every man that will take it, 
to sit down and inhabit the wastes and ruins of Munster. pp. If. 

[Aug. 12.] 49.' Petition of Gregory Rigges to the Privy Council for a grant 
of 30. a year in reversion in Munster, instead of the Abbey of 
Adare. p. 1. 

[Aug. 12.] 50. Petition of Gregory Rigges to Sir Francis Walsyngham, 
Principal Secretary. The now Lord Deputy will not suffer him to 
enjoy a lease of certain lands, which was granted to him. Prays 
for the fee-farm of 10Z. per annum of the Queen's lands, p. \. 

Aug. 12. 


Aug. 12. 

Aug. 12. 


51. Wallop to Burghley. That the money and bills taken up for 
Sir "W. Stanley may be presently paid. Auditor Jenyson's 
440?. 8s. pp. 2. Incloses, 

51. I. Note of the money borrowed to the use of Stanley, p. 1. 

52. G. Fenton to Burghley. The prejudice likely to grow to Her 
Majesty's service by the delay of the payment of the composition 
for cess. Beverley, the bearer, much commended, p. 1. 

53. Wallop to Walsyngham. I beseech your Honour to give 
leave to this bearer to solicit you touching some points in some 
letters not yet answered. I have sent your Honour some points of 
my Lord Treasurer's letters to me, together with my answers to the 
same. Touching my suit for the fee-farm of the Friary of Adare 
and other things thereabout, if your Honour have moved Her 
Majesty therein, or hereafter shall move Her, and you find Her 
Highness of the opinion my Lord Treasurer writeth She seemed to 
be, as in the note which herewith I send you will appear, even as I 
have done to him so do I humbly beseech you to proceed no further 
in it ; the loss shall be more to Her Majesty if I have it not, than 
the benefit mine if I have it. To go without it grieveth me not, 
but serving in the place I do so painfully and chargeably these 
seven years, and to be stuck with for so small a thing as twenty 
greater in my time have been granted even to very base persons, 
maketh me think myself either unfortunate or my service not 
weighed as it hath deserved. I see if I had indeed purchased both 
store of lands and leases as most men do that have not had to do with 
the twentieth part of so much treasure as I have had, I could have no 
harder opinion had of me than now I have, never having I protest to 
you used any penny of Her money to my own use, more than that is 
due to me, except it may fall out that in my ordinary expenses I have 
spent some trifle more than my entertainments come to, and yet I 
hope it shall not so fall out, assuring you I have spent of my own 
money that I brought with me, and that hath been made over to me, 
above 3,000. My account for five years and a half ending at Michael- 
mas 1584, is now viewed, and past the Commissioners' hands, and 



falleth out as well as I can wish it, wherein I have had more trouble 
with the disorderly payments in England than with all the rest, as I 
hope most of the Commissioners will advertise the Lord Treasurer. 
My account for the other two years to end at Michaelmas next is in 
that forwardness that Mr. Auditor assureth me it shall be ready for 
the Commissioners by the beginning of the next term, and then I 
doubt not to have it viewed by the Commissioners before Christmas, 
and so in March to come into England. I have thought it better 
for Her Majesty's satisfaction and my own clearing to account till 
Michaelmas next, than to have come into England and have a year's 
account hanging on my head, which might have made me more 
suspected than cause given. 

By Mr. Beverley, who now repaireth to your Honour, you shall 
understand how hardly you are dealt with in your woad matters, 
and suppose another year you will provide either to deal alone for 
your share or at least join with better partners, and provide more 
skilful men than some of these seem to be. As I formerly wrote to 
your Honour my Lord Deputy is not a man for any man to deal with 
as a partner, or in matter of account ; if I might have as great a part 
with him as your Honour hath, I would rather lose the benefit of it 
than join with him knowing him as I do, and the other two you 
shall find but bad fellows, and Androwes, as the Chief Justice 
telleth me, who hath long dwelt by him, never thought to be worth 
anything, only his trade was malting, buying the most of his barley 
upon credit. 

Herewith I send your Honour, by my man, a little alumn ore, 
whereof as a man of mine that is a good tin miner, telleth me 
there is good store, and that he himself will undertake to dig a 
hogshead a day at the least ; the glovers occupy it as it is. The 
mine is upon a gentleman's land in Kerry, called James M'Shane, 
who is content I shall have it of him for any reasonable considera- 
tion. If your Honour find it good, and like to be a partner in it, 
I am desirous you should so be. And that your Honour would get 
license from Her Majesty that in Kerry 'none should deal but you 
and I. If you like of it, it may please you to send over a skilful 
man to see it ; he shall have two of my men to dig it that are 
Cornish men, and tin men by their occupation, or otherwise it is 
so near the sea as a boat load may be sent into England, yet is 
there no haven near it, or otherwise if upon trial your Honour find it 
good I will send for two or three horse loads hither and send it you 
to make a further trial. It appeareth in the place that some man 
hath attempted it and begun to set a furnace and other vessels, 
but before trial, as the owner of the ground saith, they were driven 
away by Desmond's rebellion, who would not suffer them quietly 
at any time. Keasons why I would not meddle in the govern- 
ment, when any alteration shall be. Since my last letters to you 
by the Baron of Zerotin we have had no further advertisements 
from Connaught than at that time I sent you. 

In Ulster the Scots that be there have spoiled Sir John 
O'Dogherty and lately begun with Brian Carragh M'Donnell who 



by the late division between the Earl of Tyrone and O'Neill is now 
under the Earl, who desire th leave to be revenged upon them, 
without putting Her Majesty to charges, desiring only the help of 
the ordinary garrisons at Carrickfergus, if need shall require, which 
is granted. Munster is still quiet, and so is Leinster, but that 
there is apparent tokens that Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne will shortly 
start out, whose son-in-law, one Walter Reagh, a bastard Geraldine, 
hath lately sore hurt two of . Sir Edmund Butler's sons and killed 
some of my Lord of Ormond's tenants. 

I think myself hardly used at Sir George Carew's hands in pressing 
you to assign him payment out of the last treasure, knowing as 
I do how he came by the most part of the bills, although I con- 
fessed that 1 had received a hundred pounds in money, yet was 
it not so but of favour towards him I certified so, and he presumed 
he would get the whole of the Lord Treasurer, to be paid in the 
Exchequer, otherwise he should not have had my bill. 

For Sir Henry Harrington and Mr. Dawtrey (Capt. Nicholas) 
are both my good friends and such as I wish well unto, but both 
overpaid in England by reason of payments made of docquets there. 
For Mr. Dawtry I am sure he will have nothing due at Michaelmas 
next either to himself or company, and Sir Henry will have nothing 
good to himself I know not when, and to his soldiers, besides near 
500Z. of bills entered upon his head by the Auditor. There is owing 
much more than is due from the Queen to both him and them to 
Michaelmas next. 

Wherefore again I am to entreat your Honour to assign no pay- 
ments there either to them or any other. If you saw how I am 
torn in pieces here and exclaimed on for want of money, you would 
pity me. The Lord Deputy will be paid till Michaelmas, and no 
penny left to serve my own turn, but that I shall be forced either 
to pawn my plate, as already I have done some, or borrow upon 
interest. Mr. Edward Barkley has written to his constable, requiring 
him to take present possession of the island of Foynes, which is 
parcel of Corygrage that I hold by custodiarn as formerly I adver- 
tised your Honour and certified you how far it lay from anything 
that Mr. Barkley had notwithstanding his untrue allegations ; if he 
put me from it, I cannot but think myself very hardly used, and 
therefore rather for my credit than for the value of the thing be a 
means I be not in that sort put from it. 5 pages. Holograph. 

53. i. Burghley to Wallop. By another letter of yours of the 
of May, I understood of the hazard that was in the Parliament 
House for the rejecting of the Mil for the attainder of Desmond, 
had not you had in store an instrument of a combination, of a 
date before a feoffment made in September 1574, to which John 
Fitz Edmund of Cloyne was a party, as he was also a party to the 
combination, to his great shame and reproof, of which matter I 
informed Her Majesty, who allowed of your good service, and 
condemned him of his lewdness as he well deserved, from whom, if 
by law the benefits he received by counterfeiting a fidelity might be 




Aug, 13. 


Aug. 1 3. 



taken, it were a good deed to bestow the same upon some other 
faithful man indeed. 

By another letter also of the 30th of May, you did commend unto 
me certain suits of your own, for the fee-farms of the friaries at 
Adare, and the abbeys of Nenagh, and other things which you 
bought of Rigges, which your suits I have sundry times moved to 
Her Majesty, who hath given me answers sometimes of hope, and 
sometimes to the contrary, objecting that She could not like of 
deputies and treasurers to be purchasers of land there in Ireland. 
But yet, your services being so great and the things so small, I 
will not leave to attempt to prove Her Majesty's goodness therein, 
not doubting but to have the furtherance of your good friend 
Mr. Secretary. 30 June 1586. Two extracts. 

To which two points of his Lordship's said letter I have 
answered : 

Wallop to Burghley. Paragraph relating to Wallop's endeavour 
in the Parliament House concerning the Act of Desmond's attainder 
and John Fitz Edmund of Cloyne. August ] 2. Dublin. Extract 
from the end of the letter No. 46. 

To the other, which is answered in a particular letter by itself, 
viz. : 

Wallop to Burghley. Relative to Wallop's suit for the fee-farms 
of the friaries of Adare. Aug. 12. Dublin. Extract from No. 48. 
pp. 3. 

54. Wallop to Burghley sends a cast of falcons and a goshawk. 


55. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. This bearer, 
Mr. Beverley, hath carried himself so wisely and uprightly in his 
charge here, as I think him well worthy my recommendation to 
your Honour. The Lord Deputy Perrot hath been so many ways 
interrupted in his intended good purposes for settling of this realm, 
which (in his judgment) ought first to have been begun in the 
North, from whence all evil cometh, it is thought that the Irish 
potentates will attempt upon presumption of these his disgraces, 
to shake off the bonds of obedience, to which they were brought, 
upon expectation of his greatness, and wherein they were like 
enough to be held fast hereafter. 

Would to God, for my country's sake, that the causes which 
moved this sudden alteration had been first exactly examined. For 
he stands to prove upon the forfeiture of so much of his own wealth, 
that his journeys into the North hath cost Her Majesty little or 
nothing, and would have brought to pass that Her Highness should 
have a resident garrison of 400 men maintained there for ever 
without any charge to her crown : by which both the inland and 
outland Scots might have been always mastered. 

I must confess to your Lordship that the manners of the man 
are far contrary to my nature, and yet the success of his government 
makes me to follow it and not him. 


1586. - CXXV ' 

The Lower Burkes of Connaught make a stir for hanging some 
principal gentlemen of their name that were pledges with Sir 
Richard Byngham by the martial law. He is in action against 
them this month past, and the matter were soon pacified, if the 
Deputy drew towards Athlone, which he is loath to do in respect of 
the other's credit. 

My Lord of Ormond's people have sustained great hurts of late 
at the hands of a bastard, Geraldine, called Walter Reagh, son-in-law 
of Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne. Sir Edmund Butler's two sons are 
maimed, and eight of the Earl of Ormond's chief servants and 
followers slain, partly through their own disorder when they met. 
There is present order taken for his prosecution, his chief abiding is 
in the woods of Leveroke and ShieleUa in Leinster. 

It imports me much for the matter of Dunbrody to come over 
to deal with my Lord Chancellor [of England] and the Lady of 
Thame, which cannot be ended without my own conference, pp. \\. 

Aug. 15. 56. Mr. John Price (serjeant) to Burghley. There are 1,400 
Carrickfergus. Scots upon the side of Maguire's country in the North of Ireland, 
and about the 10th of August Sir Arthur O'Neill went unto them 
with as many of the Irishry as he was able to bring unto them, 
and by the 18th of this month all are determined for to go 
to the fastness near Connaught. For certain gentlemen [Burkes] 
in the country there are lately gone forth as rebels, which sent 
to the Scots to come unto them. We killed 60 of them as they 
were going towards Connaught, and the Lord Deputy, as I under- 
stand doth mean to go to serve upon the rest of the Scots with all 
speed, p. \. 

Aug. 19. 57. Wallop to Burghley. Byngham hath much weakened the 
Burkes, p. . Incloses, 

57. I. Sir Richard Byngham to the Lord Deputy Perrot. In 
my last 1 advertised among other things how Ustun [or Eusteri] 
M'Donnell had submitted himself. Since which time Edmund 
M'Rickard In Teryn and his sept have also submitted themselves, 
and I have pledges for both of them, and their submissions absolute 
without conditions. Also this present day, William Burke, the 
Blind Abbot, Richard M'Rickard Burke, alias the Devil's Hook, 
Moyler Burke, and the sept of Walter M'Ulick Burke, have ap- 
pointed to parley and submit themselves. The Joys also have sent 
unto me to crave mercy, so as I think I shall presently end these 
wars. Only the Burkes of Castlebar the first beginners of these 
broils persist still in this bad action without submission. But if 
your Lordship will not hasten the pacification too untimely, I will 
by God's grace, make them as humble as the rest very shortly. And to 
begin the same, having good matter and good proof of treason against 
their father, I sent for him hither, and calling a sessions, had him 




hands, and to make all others challenging that name of M' William 
fearful to deal in it. By means hereof, I doubt not but the Burkes 
will be little favoured of their allies and confederates, and so easily 
brought to nothing. The peace that all the rest make may be sus- 
pected to be but a device to win the reaping of their harvests. But 
I will deal so surely with them by pledges and otherwise, as I hope, 
if any such matter be, to prevent their purposes. Within these three 
or four days I hope to despatch all things here, and to depart out of 
these parts. I have already, as I wrote to your Lordship in my 
last, discharged all the kerne I had here. I will also very shortly 
discharge the soldiers, so as J hope Her Majesty shall be at none or 
very small charges with this action. By reason of Edmund 
Burke's attainder, the lands of Castlebarry [near Castlebar], and 
certain land in Ballinrobe is fallen into Her Majesty's hands. The 
custodiam of Castlebarry J have bestowed on my brotJier John 
Bingham, and of four quarters of land in Ballinrobe I Jiave 
bestowed the custodiam on John Henry, an old servitor in this 
province. The one place is as fit for the State liere^ and the holding 
these parts in obedience, as Ballimote is in Sligo, or Roscommon 
in that county. The other land is fit to be inhabited by English- 
men, for the better the country is so inhabited the more quiet 
and civil it shall be. I hope, therefore, your Lordship will allow 
of the same, for the causes aforesaid, and not make any grant 
thereof to any man till my repair to Dublin, which shall be 
very shortly. Amongst other preys and booties taken here, the 
soldiers followed the enemies' cows into M'Costello, and brought 
them from thence, and with them some cows that the Dillons do 
challenge, whereof I am given to understand that Tibbot Dillon is 
repaired to your Lordship to complain. But therein I humbly 
beseech your Lordship to suspend your judgment till my repair to 
the same, for I can and will justify the taking thereof. I beseeeh 
your Lordship to carry that opinion of me that my doings shall 
deserve, and not to hearken to any bad fellow against me, assuring 
your Lordship that no man shall be more loth than I to revenge my 
private against Dillon, or any his like in such sort as haply he will 
suggest, and no man shall be more desirous than I to dwell in your 
Lordship's good opinion, if I may not be defeated thereof. I am 
very hardly dealt withal at O'Rourke's hands for the Queen's rent, 
for he will not pay it me. And therefore, having now ended here, I 
beseech your Lordship let me have your favour to repair towards 
his country to fetch the same, or at least to make a shoiv, that I 
would enter his country for it, and whilst J have these forces to- 
gether, I beseech your Honour that it 'may not displease you that I 
repair to that most bad man M'Glannahie, and suppress and put 
down the castle, the which he is now fortifying and building in 
most suspicious sort. From whence I will also go to M'Gawran, 
lying between O'Rourke and Maguire, and cause him to submit 
himself, and yield composition for his land, or else I will give him 
a wipe of a thousand cows, wherein your Lordship shall not, 1 
hope, mislike my doings. That journey shall both fear those parts 


1586. - CXXV ' 

and also tJie Scots, who lie right that way, so as I hope togetlier with 
Hie, same, and the ending of the service tore, Connaught shall be the 
better in quiet these Jive or six years, and yet both with O'Rourke 
and the rest, 2 will handle things in such discretion, as I hope your 
Lordship shall have no cause to dislike it. This being done, I will 
presently return to your Lordship. 16 Aug. Donnemony. Copy, 
pp. 2*. 

57. n. The names of the chief rebels in Connaught for Mr. Secre- 
tary Walsyngham. William Burke, alias the Blind Abbott, Richard 
Burke, alias the Devil's Hook's son, Moyler Oge M ( Walter [Burke] 
Faddy, Tibbot Burke M'Rickard In Yeren, Walter Burke his 
brother, Fariaghe M'Turlough Roe, Ulick Burke M'Rickard 
M'Oliverus, Robert M'Rory Oge O'Malley, Richard and Moyler 
M'Morish, sons to Thomas Ny Closy of Clanmorris, Rickard 
M'Morish, son to John M'Morish of Lisconhagh ; Ownehy O'Mulloy, 
late servant to John Browne of the Neyle ; M' Jordan and his son are 
with them under colour of imprisonment, and yet are at tlieir 
liberty. Tibbot M'Colly, one of the Joys; Teig Roe O'Malley is 
joined with them. Sir Morrough 0' Flaherty, and all the O'Flahertys 
and Joys are joined with them. p. %. 

Aug. 20. 58. G. Beverley to Burghley. After I had distributed the 
Chester, treasure last sent for the victualling unto the captains and soldiers 
in Ireland with the knowledge and consent of the Lord Deputy 
and Treasurer there, I was licensed to repair into those parts for 
the perfecting of accounts and reckonings with the Mayor of Chester 
and Thomas Lynyall the purveyor there, for money by them 
disbursed in victualling causes, for these two years past. As also 
to yield certificate unto your Lordship of Her Majesty's charges 
and losses sustained by the victualling for the time past, with 
some other causes concerning the same. The 17th of this month 
I arrived in Chester Water, where I found a bark which hath been 
long laden with corn and victual for the soldiers at Carrickfergus, 
stayed here by the general stay of shipping for the apprehension 
of some wicked and accursed traitors [Babington], who have 
conspired horrible and most wicked things against the most royal 
person of the realm, tending to the subversion of peace and to the 
blood of innocent people. This victual I do stay to see removed 
and aired, lest it should take harm, because Thomas Lynyall the 
purveyor is now at London ; and at his return I must stay a time 
to reckon with him, and to see what he hath done for provisions 
in these parts, to the end I may know how to proceed for the 
soldiers at Carrickfergus before the winter. And then I will wait 
upon your Lordship to deliver such things as I have observed 
touching the victualling in Ireland. Sir Henry Wallop received 
my bill in Ireland for 500?. left with the Mayor of Chester, by 
your Lordship's direction, for provision of victual, but it seemeth 
the Mayor may not deliver the same without your Lordship's 
further warrant, as Mr. Fauntleroy can signify unto your Lordship. 
p. 1. Incloses, 


1586. VOL ' CXXV ' 

58. 1. Declaration of the losses for victualling from 10 Aug. 1583 
to 30 Sept. 1585. pp 2. 

Aug. 20. 59. Another of the above declarations, pp. 2. 

Aug. 20. Cuconnaught Maguire to the Lord Deputy. He is prevented 
Inissgeiien from repairing to the Lord Deputy by the arrival of the sons of 
(Enmskiiien). j ames M'Donnell. Copy. Latin. This letter is calendared under 
the date of its postscript which see Aug. 28, No. 66. 

Aug. 22. 60. G. Fenton to Burghley. It pleased Her Majesty upon speeches 
Dublin. uge d to me at Nonsuch in August 1585, touching the composition 
which the Lord Deputy had made with the country for his house in 
lieu of cess, to command me to write then presently to his Lordship, 
and to require him in Her Highness' name to forbear to deal 
further in any composition with the country after Michaelmas then 
following, which was the time that the said first composition did 
expire, until he should receive direction from thence. This letter I 
despatched accordingly and sent it into Ireland by one of mine own 
servants for more assurance to have it come to his Lordship's hands, 
as it did in due time ; nevertheless his Lordship prolonged the said 
composition until the 15th of May last, which was half a year and 
somewhat more above the time of the said letter of restraint. And 
then eftsoons I remembered his Lordship of Her Majesty's said 
commandment and showed him the clause of my said letter touching 
that point. To the end to keep his Lordship from erring so much 
as lay in me, which notwithstanding was of no force, his Lordship 
answering me somewhat roundly, that what he had done he would 
maintain. And thereupon caused to issue out to all the shires 
chargeable to that second composition, commissions to collect it 
according to every man's part of bearing until the said 15 May 
last, from which day the last composition of 2,100?. which I brought 
from thence taketh beginning. I am bold to signify this to your 
Lordship lest Her Majesty's commandment being thus broken by 
the Lord Deputy in a matter of burthen and charge to this poor 
country, and contrary to Her Majesty's will and compassion thereof, 
I might be charged with negligence in not doing the thing Her 
Highness commanded me, and for my better discharge in this point 
and your Lordship's satisfaction, I have sent you here inclosed the 
said clause of my letter verbatim. Humbly beseeching your 
Lordship that this may serve for my defence to Her Majesty, if any 
question arise touching the breach of Her said commandment. 

Moreover I am humbly to beseech your Lordship's favour and 
excuse for me in this matter following ; Within few days after my 
last return hither, the Lord Deputy having signed a concordatum 
to himself for two hundred beeves to be answered to him as a 
perquisite, due for making Maguire captain of his country, required 
me to subscribe it as some others of this Council had done, assuring 
me upon his Lordship's word that it was a fee and profit lawfully 
due to him. I signed the concordatum, reposing more in his 
Lordship's affirmation than in mine own knowledge of the matter, 




Aug. 22. 


Aug. 23. 


not having heard anything thereof before, but afterwards under- 
standing that Maguire had surrendered his country, and that he 
was not made captain by the Lord Deputy, I searched in the Rolls 
to see the record of his surrender, which I found together with 
another record or fiant of his pardon, wherein he acknowledged to 
owe to Her Majesty 500 beeves payable at days. laid down in the 
said record, and that for his submission and pardon only, and for 
no other consideration. The two hundred beeves first named are 
parcel of this number of 500, and all (as your Lordship seeth) due 
only to Her Majesty by matter of record without participation to 
any other, and therefore not to be shared or diminished from Her 
Majesty by any device without manifest deceit and abuse to Her 
Highness. I have given his Lordship knowledge hereof, and 
besought him that if his Lordship would not revoke the con- 
cordatum that at least I might withdraw my hand from it, seeing 
my conscience was not satisfied, but that I had consented to an 
untruth and wrong to Her Majesty, wherein I have not nor cannot 
prevail. This is mine error that at the first I believed his Lordship's 
affirmation, not seeking more certainty of knowledge to induce me 
to subsign the concordatum. In which point it may please your 
Lordship that I may be favoured, having for my ground the 
authority and credit of the Lord Deputy's word, assuring me that 
the said 200 beeves were his lawful fees, and that the whole Council 
had consented thereunto, nevertheless I will still press his Lordship 
for the withdrawing of my hand if he will not dissolve the 
concordatum, to the which as yet I find his Lordship not willing 
for any reasons or labour that I can make. pp. 2. 

61. Nicholas Quemerford, mayor of Waterford, to the Lord 
Deputy Perrot. The 21st of this present August a bark of our 
town arrived here, which came from Biscay. The merchant telleth 
for news that there is a fieet a preparing in that country at 
St. Sebastian, St. Andrews, and Castro, and that he himself saw 
18 sail at Castro. And having demanded of some of the mariners 
whither they were bound, they made answer, they knew not them- 
selves whither to go, and that they should not know thereof before 
the said several shipping did meet ten leagues off in sea, at which 
time and place they should know it, and not before, for such was 
the King's commandment, he doth suppose the said fleet is ready by 
this time. He telleth further that no English wares be permitted 
to be landed there, and that his own goods have been stayed there 
at the beginning as English wares, until such time as certain visitors 
were appointed to view the same, who finding it to be Irish goods, 
and so reporting to the judges and rulers it was again released and 
discharged. Copy. p. 1. 

62. Sir Henry Wallop to Walsyngham. The action which Sir 
Richard Byngham hath in hand is in as good forwardness as may 
be, yet will not my Lord Deputy be dissuaded from going thither, 
specially having yesterday received a letter from the Earl of Tyrone, 
that the Scots are gone into Connaught ; the like, word for word, he 


1586. Vot - CXXV " 

wrote to me. Sudden alteration of the Scots' purpose. There are 
yet no new number of Scots landed, and I think all that be in the 
North, if they should all join to go thither, are not six hundred 
weaponed men, and those, saving your Honour's reverence, but bare- 
tailed beggars, and whatsoever is advertised, the Scots of the Glynns 
that are under James M'Donnell will not leave that place un- 
guarded, having great store of cows there, which lately they have 
taken from Sir John O'Dogherty, Brian Carragh M'Donnell and 
Henry O'Dogan. And if they did, yet with the help of Mr. Vice- 
president's [of Munster] band and 50 of Sir William Stanley's band, 
that may easily be put over the Shannon into Connaught, were the 
Scots 1,000 men Sir Richard Byngham would not care for them. 
As light an advertisement as this made his Lordship begin the war 
in the North. All that are here of the English Council dissuade 
him what we may, Sir Lucas Dillon and Sir Nicholas White, his" 
only favourites, soothe him in that and all other things. The 
reasons that move his Lordship to go as I conceive are two : The 
first to pull from Sir Richard Byngham, whom assuredly he hatetb, 
the credit of the service, the second his greedy desire to gain 
cows and to spare at home. As his going cannot but increase Her 
Majesty's charges, so will it be very burthensome to the country, 
and less service done always in annoying such enemies when the 
governors are in the field than otherwise, for that this country 
enemies will never fight with a governor's force, but slip from him 
in woods and bogs, till he have wasted his victuals and also the 
country, and as soon as he is gone return again, besides I hold it 
not honorable for a governor to go in person to encounter every 
beggar that will stir here. Having now advertised your Honour how 
things go here, and of my simple opinion, I leave the further 
consideration thereof to your grave wisdom, thinking if he be not 
stayed from thence we shall not be able to keep him from Con- 
nought, whether the Scots go thither or no, and I am also of opinion 
if the Burkes had not by Mr. Francis Barkley's and Tibbot Dillon's 
means been persuaded or by their means understood of his Lord- 
ship's purpose to come into Connaught, they would have submitted 
themselves long ere this, and as it is thought they were in some 
sort workers of their going out, it hath been proved to Mr. Barkley's 
face that in the beginning of the spring he coming hither willed 
some of these Burkes now in rebellion to stand upon their keeping 
and come at no officer until his return, and he would get them their 
pardon, which he practised, but the Lord Deputy did not grant. 
This much only to your Honour that you may see how Sir Richard 
Byngham, of whom I know you have care, is dealt withal, pp. 2. 

Aug. 25. 63. Payments made to Irish suitors by the last Privy Seal, viz., 
paid all their debts : William Mynne, Roebuck French, for the town 
of Galway ; Sir Henry Bagenall, Roger Pope and Roger Crimble, 
Thomas Fauntleroy, Thickpenny's widow, George Huntingdon, a 

pensioner, Wise, for the city of Waterford ; John Meagh, 

almsman, Robert Fletcher, a victualler, Arthur O'Toole of his pen- 
sion, Mr. George Harvey, Mr. Edward Barkley, Francis Stafford, 


1586 VOL. CXXV. 

Sir George Bowrchier, Edward Keyes, Pickering, for an Irish debt ; 
Richard Weston, at the suit of Th. Lawgh . . . 60. ; John Weedon, 
merchant, Thomas Skinner, merchant, Mr. Justice Walshe, 104. 
Os. 9d. ; Patrick Ail ward, for the town of Fetherd, 281. 3s. 6d, 
Mr. Manpesson. 

Paid in part, viz., Gregory Cole, Walter Segrave, Stephen Boram, 
or Burroam, factor, for divers merchants ; William Mellichap, Thomas 
Jennyson, auditor, Mildred Hopwood, widow, Henry Welles, mer- 
chant, Sir William Collyer, Robert Damport, H. Duke, a servitor, 
William Lawrence, Sir George Carew, Earl of Kildare, Sir N. Bage- 
nall, Terris O'Dempsy, Humfrey Kerry, Thomas Spring, constable 
of Castlemaine, Theodore Betaugh. English : Richard Zouche, gent., 
Christopher Phagan, Mr. Shawley, for Sir John Norris, 961. 10s. ; 
Earl of Essex ; widow Carey, for her husband's due. 

Aug. 26. 64. Sir Richard Byngham to . May it please your 

Donnemonie. Honour, I have now thoroughly ended with all the Burkes, Joyes, 
Clandonnells, and Clangibbons, the sons of Castle Barry only ex- 
cepted, which would have put in their pledges this day, as the 
other septs have done, and submitted themselves in all humility, as 
the rest have done, but that they, hearing of the coming of the 
Scots, are heartened, and stand upon delays. Nevertheless, having 
pacified all the rest in general, I have left a small company here 
to follow them till they give in their pledges, and I myself am 
to-morrow to repair towards Sligo to withstand the entry of the 
Scots, which is much doubted presently, and yet I have already sent 
to Sligo 300 footmen, and the Earl with 40 or 50 horsemen, and 
the country there is assembled to the number of 300 footmen, and 
three or four score horsemen, so as I hope the Scots shall not 
enter into the province easily. If I cause the Scots to divert and 
turn back, I will, within six days after, end all things with these 
men, for they are of no force. And even so assuring your Lordship 
that the force of this action is broken, and I will by God's grace 
handle the Scots so as they shall not come in hither. Since the 
writing of this much I have received this enclosed letter from 
my brother George, signifying the approach of the Scots with 
2,000 footmen and 300 horsemen, and if their force be so great it 
requireth further aid, whereof I beseech your Lordship to consider. 
To-morrow, in the morning, about midnight, I go myself away with 
all speed towards Sligo. Copy. p. 1. 

Aug. 26. 65. Robert Talbot's declaration of Spanish advertisements. 
We arrived at Lisbon the 1 3th of June, and departed there-hence 
the 29th of July, and landed the Friday after Bartholomew Day at 
Dublin, the which was the 26th of August. And being at Lisbon 
there went out of Lisbon, the Sunday before we departed Lisbon, 
six armados and three gallions, the which, as I heard say, theie 
went in them the number of six or seven thousand men, the which 
were shipped by night, and went to sea, and at sea there were forty 
ships of Biscay ans, appointed to meet with them at sea, or else at 
the islands of the Terceiras, and there- hence they should go to meet 
3. K 




Aug. 20. 
and 28. 


Aug. 29. 



with the ships that were coming home from the Indies, to ward 
them home. And also we heard say there was in South Spain a 
number of men a gathering there together to the number of forty 
thousand, as the report went abroad, and also there was stayed at 
Lisbon, and at St. Tober's [Setubal] the number of seven score hulks, 
and the company of the said hulks was appointed a certain of their 
own goods for their charges by the week, and there was a report 
among them that they would come for England, or else for Ireland, 
the next spring. And there was proclamation made at Lisbon, that 
whatever nation he was of, that would bring any commodity or 
wares out of England, that it should be forfeited, and their bodies 
to be at the King's pleasure. And also the Marquess was informed 
that the coals that we carried there was English commodity, and 
upon that it was reported that we should be stayed, and when 
they understood that it was nothing worth in respect, and that we 
were there before the proclamation, there was nothing said to us 
for the same, whereupon we came away. Copy. p. 1. 

66. Cuconnaught Maguire to the Lord Deputy Perrot. That 
which you have commanded concerning the pledges of Hugh, the son 
of the Calough O'Donnell, and his country, is almost accomplished. 
The coming of the sons of James M'Donnell with the army of the 
Scots, who have pitched their encampment on the borders of our 
country, has somewhat hindered us from making our repair to see 
you as we had intended. They endeavour whether we will or no to 
traverse our country to the western parts [Connaught]. I, for my 
part, have preferred to quit my country as an exile sooner than sully 
my faith, which I have lately sworn to your Lordship. At present 
I am in uncertainty as to what will fall out between me and the 
said Scots, but howsoever the end shall fall out I will certify your 
Lordship. Postscript of the 28th. Since writing the above, the said 
Scots have done me much hurt, namely, in taking preys, killing my 
churls, destruction of my harvests, and taking away my stuff. I 
refer the rest of their doings to the relation of this bearer, to avoid 
the delay of writing. I have just learnt that Hugh Maguire has 
done considerable damage to the said Scots both in killing and 
wounding many of them. Copy. Latin, p. %. 

67. Wallop to Burghley. Mr. Auditor herewith now sendeth 
your Lordship the brief view of my account for five years and a 
half, ended at Michaelmas 1584, certified under the hands of the 
Commissioners, according to the effect of the commission, who have 
very exactly examined the same. When you shall see the par- 
ticular book it will appear to you to be a great work, and yet am I 
of mind it might have been much sooner finished than it is, if either 
Mr. Auditor had followed it at all times, as he might, or in the times 
of his sickness would have been contented to have had any man to 
help him, whereto he would never consent, until about 12 months 
past, at which time my Lord Deputy, at my entreaty and by his 
consent, sent for Mr. Roger Manwaring [of Nantwich] for that 
purpose, without whose help it would not have been so soon done 




Aug. 29. 


Aug. 31. 


by a long time, who is a man both perfect and skilful therein, 
and best acquainted with Mr. Auditor's humour. And therefore 
fearing lest Mr. Auditor should fall sick, as ordinarily he doth in the 
winter, I have entreated Mr. Manwaring to stay the finishing of my 
two years' account to come, who, if Mr. Auditor's health should fail 
him, can best go forward in it. 

I am humbly to beseech your Lordship, for that Mr. Auditor is 
now in hand with my account for the two other years to end at 
Michaelmas next, that it will please you to give direction that my 
charge, for all such treasure as hath been sent hither since the last 
certificate, the last privy seal whereof was dated the 28th of August 
1585, may be presently sent hither and certified until Michaelmas 
aforesaid, whereby the Auditor may the better know how to charge 
me fully. My account for these two last years cannot orderly proceed 
unless all bills and warrants that concern Irish payments made in 
the Exchequer there be sent hither. I am therefore to beseech your 
Lordship that they may be sent by this bearer, Thomas Chapman, 
being a man that hath long served Mr. Auditor, whom I have now 
entertained for that purpose, and that for prevention of all dangers 
and inconveniences that may happen in the carriage of them, Mr. Petre 
make a perfect docquet indented of the said several bills and war- 
rants, and that being duly examined and testified, the one part thereof 
may remain there, and the other be brought hither. My good Lord, 
upon the sending hither at sundry times of the charge of my account 
from Mr. Auditor Petre, and likewise at the receipt of every treasure 
in the Exchequer, ray men have been forced to give large fees to 
the said Mr. Petre, and also like rewards unto tellers' men, and 
other officers of the receipt, to my great hindrance, wherein I con- 
ceive they do me great wrong, for that I think it is a thing perti- 
nent to Mr. Petre's office to charge every man with such treasure as 
issueth out of the same ; and also to the tellers, their men, and other 
officers of the receipt to attend their offices, as well to pay upon 
sufficient warrant as to receive, without fee or reward for the same, 
other than their ordinary entertainment. Wherefore not knowing 
how otherwise to prevent the inconvenience that groweth thereby 
to myself, I am humbly to beseech your Lordship to give order that 
I may not be so used hereafter, myself taking neither fee nor 
reward for any money I pay, but only such allowance as I have for 
my portage, and if otherwise your Lordship do think, then I 
beseech you to direct some reasonable portion what I shall pay, 
which by you so ordered shall the better satisfy me. pp. 2. 

68. G. Fenton to Burghley. To countenance the bearer, Capt. 
Collom, after 20 years' service, p. 1. 

69. Wallop to Burghley. That the Auditor may be required to 
give him doubles of the books of his account for the revenue, or that 
he may be otherwise discharged of the. responsibility, p. 1. 

K 2 




Sept. 1. 1. Auditor Thomas Jenyson to Burghley. Has finished Mr. 

Dublin. Treasurer Wallop's accounts for 5^ years ended September 1584 ; 
a very great volume. Cannot satisfy Wallop's demand to have a 
double of it. Sends a copy of former commissions, with a draft 
of one to have Her Majesty's hand. Certain captains will not 
bring in their warrants for full pay to discharge their imprests, 
hoping to obtain mitigation of a fifth part in the victuals. Jaques 
Wingfeld's office is all out of order through his absence. Money to 
be paid. pp. 3. Incloses, 

1. i. Brief view of Sir Henry Wallop's account for Jive and a half 
years, ending Michaelmas 1584, he being charged 470,41 51. Os. 7^d. 
pp. 11. 

1. ii. Copies of the several com/missions for taking Wallop's 
account, of the dates 4 Nov. 1583, 19 Aug. 1584, 13 Dec. 1585; 
with a draft of a new commission by Jenyson to meet the present 
emergency of taking Wallop's last account, pp. 10. 

[Sept. 1.] 2. Copy of a piece of the commission given for the taking of the 
accounts in Ireland, p. 1. 

Sept. 3. 


Sept. 4. 


3. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley. Commends the 
Earl of Kildare repairing over to the Court, p. 1. 

4. Wallop, Sir Tho. Norreys, Lancelot Alford, Ch. Calthorpe, 
and Roger Wilbraham, commissioners for the survey of attainted 
lands, to the Lord Burghley, Sir Christopher Hatton, Sir Walter 
Mildmay, and Sir Francis Walsyngham, all of the Privy Council. 
Our duties to your Honours remembered. We have received the 
second of this month, by Mr. Arthur Robins, three several com- 
missions directed unto us, for the dividing and bounding into 
seigniories Her Majesty's attainted, escheated, or concealed lands 
within the province of Munster, and for the rating and apportioning 
of the rents to be reserved out of the same unto Her Highness. 
In all which several commissions we are referred to certain articles 
set down, and bearing date at Westminster the 27th day of June 
last, and to a plot, signed by Her Majesty, and remaining of record 
in the Chancery there under the broad seal of that realm, and to 
the articles aforesaid annexed. Forasmuch as we have not with 
these commissions received any copy authentical of the said in- 
structions or plot, according to which, nevertheless we are to direct 
all our actions, by force and tenor of the said commissions, in 
such sort as without them we shall not be able to proceed effectually 
in that service ; we have thought fit, upon consideration thereof 
had amongst us, to advertise your Honours forthwith of that defect, 
and to despatch hence for that purpose the bearer hereof, Mr. Peyton, 
who having for some affairs of his own, occasion to repair over into 
England, hath requested us to use hig travail in the declaration 




Sept. 4. 


Sept. 5. 


thereof, and the returning of the said copy of the articles and 
plot, or such other letters or instructions further, as your Honours 
shall think convenient to return to us by him, the rather for that 
albeit he be a commissioner with us in this service, the want of 
these articles, together with the season of winter growing upon us, 
will not haply suffer us to do any matter of great importance, 
whereby we may the better spare his assistance for a time. How- 
beit for that divers agents of such as are undertakers in this plot 
are already come over hither, and would be loth either to stay so 
long to no purpose, or to return without having anything done, we 
have determined shortly to set forwards towards the province, 
with an intention to be doing, so far forth as the warrant we have 
will suffer or bear us, whereby both the said agents may be made 
ripe and acquainted somewhat with the things wherein they mean 
to deal, and the service as much advanced as we may with this 
defect ; for the redress whereof, we beseech your Honours to send 
unto us the copies aforesaid, with such other letters or instructions 
by the said Mr. Peyton or otherwise as to your wisdoms shall 
seem convenient, pp. 1. 

5. Copy of the above, p. 1. 

6. Wallop to Burghley. Sir Richard Byngham writeth by his 
letter of the first of September that the Scots lie between Maguire's 
country and the skirt of Connaught, ready to come into the 
province, as he is informed from his intelligencer, who advertiseth 
him that they are 1,500 or 1,600 footmen and some four score 
horsemen, but he seemeth not much to doubt to withstand them 
well enough, having with him 500 footmen and eight or nine 
score horse, besides the forces of the country. And for my part 
I think not the Scots to be so many in number, having not heard 
of any lately come over. Incloses, 

6. I. Sir Richard Byngham to the Chancellor Archbishop. These 
are now the news of Connaught. I have left all the rebels on good 
terms, and taken good pledges of them all, saving Castlebarry's 
sons, which also promised to deliver in their pledge to Mr. Browne 
by this day. I rode from Don Monye on Saturday, in the 
morning, towards the Mawghrye in great post, for that I heard the 
Scots were coming in there, but being come to those parts I had other 
news, wherefore I struck up wide of Roscommon four or Jive miles, 
and by a great journey came to Sligo on Saturday at night, two 
days' journeys, being above seventy-two miles. Since my coming 
hither, I am advertised that the Scots are at the Erne, about 1,400 
or 1,500 of them, and that they surprised Sir Owen M'Tool upon 
the sudden, and took from him money, horses, hackneys, and shirts 
of mail, and a prey of 500 or 600 cows, which relieves the Scots well, 
and doth prejudice us much. 

I fear me O'Mourke will agree with them, for he is drawn doivn 
that way with all his cattle. 


T , Q ~ VOL. CXXVI. 


The Scots are building a fort upon the passage of the Erne, but 
what they mean by it I do not yet know. 

I have here a hundred or six score horsemen, four hundred foot- 
men well appointed, saving that Merriman wants many of his 
company ; we have four score or a hundred kerne, and forty Irish 
shot, so as I hope we shall keep the Scots from taking any cows in 

I have written to my Lord Deputy now, that I think it better for 
his Lordship to send forces into O'Reilly's country, and the Annaly, 
than to come or send hither, for there they shall defend those parts, 
amaze the enemy, and succour us, if need be, but of my Lord 
Deputy's coming hither I see no great necessity as yet. 

For all other things I refer you to my Lord Deputy's letter, which 
I hope he will read to you all. I pray your Lordship to acquaint all 
my friends there with thus much, for I have not leisure to write to 
any now but to your Lordship. If my Lord Deputy come hither, I 
hope some of 'my good friends will attend upon him that I may 
have indifferency here. Copy. p. 1. August 30, Sligo. 

Sept. 6. 7. Wallop to Burghley. I perceive by a letter which I have now 
Dublin. lately received from Sir Valentine Browne, that he meaneth not 
to be here -until the winter season be past. And for that I have no 
money of Her Majesty's remaining in my hands, as by my certificate 
now sent to your Lordship will appear unto you, I have thought 
good humbly to beseech your Lordship to give commandment 
to the Mayor of Chester, to deliver unto Fauntleroy, or such one 
as he shall appoint, the 300?. that upon the coming over of the last 
treasure was left in his hands for the Commissioners that are 
appointed to divide and bound into seigniories Her Majesty's 
escheated and concealed lands in Munster. Fauntleroy hath the 
Mayor's bill for the same 3001., and if it stand with your favour 
and liking to direct the delivery of the money in sort as aforesaid, 
he shall deliver unto the Mayor his said bill. And I have given 
him direction : upon receipt of 'the money to send the same over 
unto me with all speed, for the furnishing of the Commissioners 
aforesaid. I am further bold to let your Lord understand that 
whereas I have made certain provisions in England for the use 
of my servants here, both men and women, of some small parcels 
of kerseys and broad cloth, no one parcel containing above half 
a piece, and some not above five or six yards, which I do in respect 
that I buy them there a third penny better cheap at the least than 
here I can do, and so do deliver them to my said servants, who 
otherwise would be hardly able to live upon their wages. So it 
is, that the said parcels are stayed at Chester by the customers, 
searchers, and such like officers of Her Majesty there, who, as I 
understand from Fauntleroy, will not suffer the same to pass 
without your Lordship's special direction or warrant ; and therefore 
I beseech your Lordship to give direction as well for these as for 
such other provisions as I shall hereafter make for mine own house, 
that they may not be more stayed now than formerly they have 
been, I not having been heretofore at any time so used. p. 1. 


1586. VOL - CXXVL 

Sept. 6. 8. "Wallop to Burghley. For a supply of money to be presently 
Dublin. sent. p. 1. Incloses, 

8. i. Certificate of the issuing of 12,970?. assigned ly Privy Seal, 
3 June 1586, &c. pp. 17. 

Sept. 6. 9. G. Fenton to Burghley. Commends Mr. Serjeant Kobert 
Dublin. Gardener, now Chief Justice of Her Majesty's Bench, p. 1. 

Sept. 14. 10. The Lord Deputy Perrot to Burghley. This bearer, Sir 
Dublin Castle. Edward Waterhous, having been long sick and in great danger, 
hath desired licence to repair thither, as well to seek remedy for his 
disease as to follow his suits. The gentleman is both wise and of 
good desert, and hath had great experience of this land, whereby 
indeed as this time shapeth, I could hardly spare him, but for these 
respects. He hath lived gentlemanlike, spending what he had in 
hospitality, and having gotten somewhat for the maintenance thereof, 
and to entertain old years which grow fast upon him, the same by 
direction thence unto me, is taken from him, notwithstanding he 
hath Her Majesty's great seal for it, which is a rare case, and may 
prove a perilous example, a thing that this country people will as 
soon eye as any. Wherefore, and considering there cannot be so great 
a grief to any man as to receive disgraces, or to fall, I do humbly 
desire your Lordship to extend your favour unto him, whereby he 
may either enjoy that which hath been granted unto him, or such 
consideration for it as may in reason satisfy not only him, but the 
world also, that looketh on his case, or otherwise it will discourage 
many and make I fear an end of him, who is one that greatly 
honoureth and loveth your Lordship. And because he hath de- 
served well in this service under me I shall think myself most 
bound to your Lordship for the favour you show him. I humbly 
beseech your Lordship to bestow your favour upon the poor 
gentleman, who will requite the same with his services, and I will 
acknowledge the same as a special favour unto myself, p. 1. 

Sept. 14. 11. Geff. Fenton to Burghley. I am driven to trouble your 
Dublin. Lordship with the report of an unworthy dealing used to me of 
late by the Lord Deputy [Perrot], which, nevertheless, I would still 
have suppressed in silence, as I have done many other disgraces 
since my return from Court, were it not to meet with unjust 
informations, which haply may be written over thither by his 
Lordship that hath done me the wrong here. His Lordship hath 
banished me his chamber, where is for the most part the ordinary 
access -of this Council for conference about Her Majesty's most 
weighty affairs, by which restraint, standing excluded from con- 
sultations of importance, I am barred to do Her Majesty that 
service which otherwise I both would and ought, besides it draweth 
no small disgrace to me, that having hitherto been ever used in 
the most secret and serious counsels of this realm since I first served 
Her Highness in this place, I should be now severed from the 
residue without any cause given other than his Lordship's hatred 



grounded against me for bringing the late despatch from the Court, 
and .modestly maintaining some points thereof, in which your 
Lordship can witness with me that I did no other than obey the 
commandment of Her Majesty, I forbear to aggravate this wrong 
and indignity either so far as the matter requireth or my caso 
needeth, only it may please your Lordship to consider what account 
I can give of my service to Her Majesty, being discountenanced in 
the principal point wherein I should and ought to do Her best 
service, namely to discharge my conscience in consultations, and as 
a faithful servant to give faithful assistance in anything that may 
concern Her Majesty, in profit or other point of service. My 
manner of life hitherto in this place not to be touched with any spot 
or blemish of reproach ; and always employed in the most painful 
and difficult services of this realm, deserveth other measure than 
that his Lordship, being Her Majesty's Deputy, should use the 
authority of his place and discountenance me for private respects, 
whom he cannot charge with any defect or fault in service. And 
how much it may prejudice the service itself to have me thus 
publicly discredited that before had my portion of credit and trust 
with the people, besides the danger of discouragement to other 
faithful servitors by my example, it may please your Lordship to 
judge, to whose wisdom I humbly refer it. Only I beseech your 
Lordship bear with me for this, which I make bold to acquaint you 
with, as a part of my defence against such partial reports as haply 
may fly over against me, and yet if his Lordship continue still to 
use me with these disgraces, I must break out to further complaint, 
and seek to retire into England during his Lordship's government, 
unless I will abuse Her Majesty to take her fee and not be suffered 
to do her service. I would I had not occasion to trouble your 
Lordship in this manner, whom it more behoveth me to trouble for 
some succour to my poor estate according Her Majesty's promise, 
of which your Lordship is a witness, p. 1. 

Sept. 14. 12. Henry Fitzgerald, 12th Earl of Kildare, to Burghley. Al- 
though the hard and miserable estate of this country, where one of 
my sort, notwithstanding the land I have shall be long gathering 
of a little money, hath stayed me longer from mine attendance on 
Her Majesty than at my coming thence I purposed or agreeth with 
my loyal heart, yet I mean very shortly to set aside all difficulties 
of want or otherwise in respect of my duty and the comfort I shall 
take at the sight of Her Majesty, after this her miraculous and 
happy escape of the late detestable conspiracy meant against her 
person, which God long preserve, and unto Him all thanks be given, 
for His mercy extended towards us all in her. I hear that one 
Robert Barnwell, whom upon good commendation given of him, 
I put in trust in my absence with the receipt of some money due 
by Her Majesty unto the late Earl my father, is a most wicked 
partaker in this [Babington's] devilish treason. As I am sorry it 
was my hap to have ever known, much more to have had to do 
with, a man of so vile a disposition, so do I much rejoice of his 
detection, that he may receive what is due to all traitors. But, my 


,586. VOL.CXXVI. 

good Lord, if it be as I hear, I am like to bear loss by his lewdness,if 
I be not holpen, through your Lordship's wonted good and friendly 
means ; for it is told me, that my apparel, chamber stuff, and other 
things that at my coming thence were left in keeping with him 
until my retnrn, are seized upon, and that the payment of the said 
money due to my father is stayed. That money is it whereupon 
I have only trusted for the payment of my father's debts, as well 
those of old as now of new grown for his funerals and transporta- 
tion of his corpse hither, which not only in justice, but also in 
honour I am to see shall be satisfied. I have therefor sent over 
this bearer, my servant, Meyler Fay, to attend your Lordship, and 
to solicit the payment of that money, and the re-delivery of my 
said apparel and stuff to be in readiness for me against my repair 
thither, which, God willing, shall be with as good speed as I may. 
I earnestly pray your Lordship to extend your honourable and 
friendly favour and furtherance therein towards me, to make me 
the more and more beholding unto your Lordship, p. 1. 

Sept. 14. 13. Henry Birde to Lady Waterhouse to intercede with the Lord 
Dublin Castle. Deputy for his enlargement, p. 1. Incloses, 

13. i. Petition of H. Birde to the Lord Deputy for enlargement 
from prison. Copy. pp. 1. 

Sept. 16. 14. G. Fenton to Burghley. Incloses a former letter, which the 
Dublin. Lord Deputy had stayed after it had been on shipboard, p. 1. 

Sept. 18. 15. Commission for levying the 2,100?. composition for cess. 
Dublin. Copy, indorsed " Entred." pp. 1. 

Copy of the above. Entry Book, Ireland. Folio XII. p. 50. 
[On the back of the copy of the Commission, No. 15, is the word 
"Entred," and it refers to this folio volume of entries from 1587 
March to 1590 March.] 

Sept. 20. 16. Certificate of William Andrewe and others of the excellency 
of Ireland for the growing of woad. pp. 2. 

[Sept. 22.] 17. Answer of Donnell Gorme M'Donnell and Alexander Carragh 
M'Donnell, sons of James M'Donnell, to Sir Richard Byngham, 
the Governor of Connaught, viz. This is the answer of James 
[M'Donnell] his sons to the Governor of Connaught, that they are 
come over the Erne with a great number of men, being drawn in 
by the Clanwilliams and the Clandonnells, who are their cousins, 
and that Shan entlevie son to M'William, and Edmund Kykraghe, 
son to Davie Bane, are with them, to draw them to M'William's 
country, and they shall give them entertainment and the spoil of 
Connaught. And James [M'Donnell] his sons have no other shift, 
but to take an enterprise upon themselves for such as will give them 
most, as all other soldiers in the world do use. And whosoever in 
Connaught shall forbid or let them thereof, they will not take it at 
their hands, except they be stronger than they, or of greater power. 




Sept. 23. 

Sept. 24. 


Sept. 24. 


Sept. 25. 

Sept. 25. 



This is sufficient. [Signed], I, Donell Gorme, viz., " blew " Donnell. 
I, Alexander Caragh, viz., scald Alexander. 

[Translation to which is subjoined.] This is their answer upon a 
letter I sent them to know the cause of their coming to the province 
to disquiet Her Majesty's subjects. 

Indorsed : The translation into English of an Irish letter sent to 
Sir Richard Byngham by the captains of Scots. 

[Probably about 26 August 1586 ; they were both killed by 
23 September 1586.] p. 1. 

18. The names of the captains of Scots and their several com- 
panies slain at the battle of Ardnary, the 23 of Sept. 1586. 

Of the sept of the Clandonnells, Imprimis, Donnell Gorme son to 
James M'Donnell, had under his own leading 300. Alexander 
Carragh, his brother, 400. Of the house of Argyle, Gillaspick 
M'Dowell, 400. The Clanellestrans, 300. The Clanvees, 300. Alex- 
ander M'Hugh Gait, 100. M'Mick Hugh Duff, 100. Neil Oge 
M'Evee, 100. Alexander M'Ranolle Boy, 50. Morrough Ne Marte, 
a Munster man, 100. One of the Gwirkins out of Gallen in Mayo, 
30. Shane M'Garrot, my Lord of Kildare's base brother, 30. And 
four score horsemen, some of O'Cahan's men, some of O'Donnell's, 
some of the Baron O'Neill's, some of O'Rourke's, some of O'Neill's, 
some of Sir Owen M'Towell's, all which horsemen were gone before 
the overthrow, saving a forty, of which a score escaped, 40. And in 
a gross account according to their division, under Donnell Gorme's 
leading, 1,300 ; and under Alexander Oarragh's leading, 1,000. 
Besides women, boys, churls, and children, which could not be so 
few as so many more and upwards. Superscribed : The names of 
the captains of Scots and their companies slain at the battle of 
Ardnary, the 23d Sept. 1586. Indorsed: 23 Sept. 1586. _ .Names 
of the Scots slain by Sir Richard Byngham. p. 1. 

19. C. Baron Delvin to Burghley. Thanks for letters. He cannot 
get the money due to the county of Westmeath for victual for Her 
Majesty's garrison. He attends upon the Lord Deputy into 
Connaught against the Scots, who are entered to disturb that 
province, p. 1. 

20. Mabell Countess of Kildare to Burghley. Recommends the 
young Earl Henry her son. p. 1. 

21. Petition of G. Beverley the victualler that some establish- 
ment may be made in Ireland by converting the composition 
money, the impost money, &c. to the maintenance and supply of 
the victualling, p. ^. 

22. Mr. Robert Rosyer, Attorney General of Munster, to Burghley. 
These are to advertise your Honour, having so convenient a messenger, 
that the estate of Munster at this time is in great quiet, and like 
to grow unto happiness, if the platform set down in England be 
pursued with effect, otherwise the Irish nation I fear me will be as 
bad and rather worse than ever they were. It offendeth them 


1586. VOL.CXXVI. 

innch inwardly to see the Englishmen to come over amongst them, 
to enter into their estates and secret dealings, which is like to cut 
off many treacheries to be done between Ireland and Spain. All 
the country born people are most superstitious in religion to the 
advancement of vice and subversion of virtue. They daily in their 
houses use masses, also they will not stick to convey out of Ireland 
into Spain all such papists as fly out of England unto them. It is 
impossible for them to be good subjects to Her Majesty who are so 
inwardly bent unto the Pope, yea, the Irish magistrates themselves 
burn inwardly in papistry, and yet they can dissemble most 
abominably. They detest any Englishman, who hath any govern- 
ment amongst them, and will devise all the ways they can to 
discredit him with the states of England and Ireland before he 
shall know thereof to come to his answer, and yet they themselves 
will not seem to be meddlers therein, but have instruments apt for 
their purpose to that intent. Voice and fame through lewd report 
flieth far before a man shall understand what is said against him. 
May it please you right honorable, it was my chance upon 
information made unto me, being Her Highness' attorney for the 
province of Munster, against one James Golde, my predecessor in 
that place, to apprehend him of nine several treasons, whereof at 
this hour he standeth indicted of them all, and hath obtained his 
pardon. And because I did but my duty, I am so hated amongst 
all the whole pack of the Irish nation, especially of those who are 
magistrates and should punish such malefactors, that almost I dare 
not pass abroad to do the duty of my service as I ought to do. I 
am sorry to see how such men are winked at, and being once 
touched in credit, they are able to make more friends than any 
Englishman shall. What with their humble letters, their caddows, 
their hobbies, and their hawks, they by that means can make much 
friendship, more than any Englishman with honest face will seem to 
do. I would to God magistrates amongst us would be no receivers 
of such offered gifts ; such gifts bring those into discredit who 
execute their offices duly according to the trust reposed in them, 
and make him timorous to meddle with other men who offend in 
the like sort, for fear of offending the magistrate. And then by 
politic devices they will seek all the means they can to discredit the 
officer, to the intent to deface and discountenance him, whereby he 
may be displaced to his great reproach, so that almost any 
Englishman having government amongst them were better from 
them than amongst them. My humble request therefore unto your 
Honour is to give me your favourable countenance to embolden me 
to execute my office, to the discouraging of lewd people who other- 
wise will be too malapert, nothing esteeming of English government 
or punishment, their making of friendship is so great. Also 
beseeching your good Lordship that upon my well doings no plaint 
may displace me before I make my purgation. As for myself my 
doings shall be such, that I fear no man in Munster what he can 
say against me, and yet I know I have many enemies, yea of my 
own countrymen, who are in place of authority, who would fain 




heave me out, and none are more despiteful one to another than 
Englishmen are, especially when they be both of one coat or calling. 
May it further please your Lordship, within the province of Con- 
naught there is great rebellion, and many Scots* are come amongst 
them. My Lord Deputy the 21st day of this month of September 
is gone from Dublin towards them, so that I doubt not but in short 
time they will be quelled. There is as much need in Munster of 
preachers as of any other necessary thing. \*In the margin opposite 
Scots in Burghley's hand occurs " y e Scottes war overthrown y e 
22 of September.] pp. 2. 

Sept. 25. 23. Petre's certificate to Burghley of money paid to the persons 
hereafter named for the survey of the rebels' lands in Ireland in 
commission with others to that purpose, viz., to Sir Val. Browne, to 
himself for his diets at forty shillings per diem, beginning the 20th 
May 1584, and ending the 31st Oct. 1585, 1,058?. To Christopher 
Peyton, gentleman, to himself for his diets at twenty shillings per 
diem, beginning the said 20th May 1584, and ending the 25th Sept. 
1586, 858?. ; total, 1,916?. These are all the sums of money that 
have been paid out of the receipt of the Exchequer for the purpose 
aforesaid, p. . 

[Sept. 25.] 24. Charges for the survey of the attainted lands in Munster. 
These two sums paid out of the Exchequer to Sir Valentine Browne 
for his entertainment at forty shillings per diem, beginning vice- 
simoMaii 1584, and ending ultimo Octobris 1585, 1,028?. altered to 
1,058?. To Mr. Peyton for his entertainment at twenty shillings 
per diem for the like time, 514?. [afterwards added 858?., which was 
the sum paid in 25 Sept. 1586]. 

These sums paid in Ireland, 530?. 12s. *7d. To Sir Henry Wallop 
by concordatum of the 30th of December 1585, for his charges and 
travail in the said service, 188?. To Lancelot Alford, surveyor of 
Her Majesty's possessions in that realm, for his travelling charges 
in the said service, 40?. To' Thomas Wiseman, auditor, for his 
like service by concordatum of 8 Oct. 1585, 134?. To Arthur 
Robins for attending in the said service, 67?. To clerks for 
engrossing the said surveys, with the charges of messengers, jurors, 
&c., 101?. 12s. 7d Summa, 2,072?. 12s. 7d. [In this sum the 
alteration in Sir Val. Browne's payment is not taken account o/.] 
p. I. 

[Sept. 25.] 25. Petition of Sir Valentine Browne to Burghley. Craveth that 
his entertainment allowed by Her Highness' warrant for his service 
in and about the causes of Ireland may be extended and paid from 
the last of October 1585, at which time he was in Ireland and six 
days after, as well in consideration of his charges there homewards by 
sea and land, by the space of thirty-six days until his coming to the 
Court, and there giving his attendance from the 16th of December 
unto the 4th of March next, about Her Majesty's said causes, at 
which time your Lordship gave him warning before Her Majesty 
that his diet should cease, otherwise looking speedily to have been 


1586. VOL.CXXVI. 

returned into Ireland, he had continued his horses and men about 
the Court for that purpose, which together amount to 124 days, 
viz. 248?. And furthermore that it may please your Lordship to 
be means that he may be considered for 112. which he spent by 
reason of the great scarcity in his journey in Munster above his 
entertainment as he from, thence at that time advertised your 
Lordship. And also for his pains and charges about those causes, 
sithence he stood not upon any diets unto this present time and 
yet doth. p. 1. 

Sept. 26. 26. Sir Lucas Dillon to Burghley. Although right honourable 
Athlone. I have not presumed to trouble your Honour with my private 
advertisements of the state here, being privy that the same is 
continually signified by my Lord Deputy unto your Honour, yet 
being at this present with Sir Nicholas White, appointed to attend 
on his Honour this journey into this province of Connaught, 
I thought it not unnecessary to advertise your Honour of the late 
preparation and present actions touching the same. Some Burkes 
of the north-west part thereof, grown of late troubled and discon- 
tented, as your Honour formerly understood, took arms, and drew to 
them great numbers of Scots, whereby the Governor himself after 
long hope of good event grew doubtful and required aid of my Lord 
Deputy, and yet his Lordship's repair into the province contrary to 
his own will and others' opinion, was in consultation deferred and 
lingered until now, the year being far spent for apt camping, 
his Honour resolved by consent of all to come into the province, 
having formerly sent all the bands to assist the Governor, and 
provided for all doubts nearer home, appointed some of the nobility 
and the forces of the Pale to go with him into Connaught ; wherein, 
notwithstanding sundry appearances of hardness, yet his Honour 
found great contentment and satisfaction at the dutiful and ready 
resolution of them to be employed in Her Majesty's service, and 
among others young Plunket, the heir apparent to the Lord of 
Killeen, having but a small pension of his father to maintain him, 
yet brought with him of his kinsmen and friends a great band of 
horsemen well appointed to serve Her Majesty, which I the rather 
declare unto your Honour for your favourable despatch of him with 
your Lordship's passport at his departure from London, and the 
readier for being my son-in-law, as it liked your Honour of your 
wonted goodness towards me, then to say : which favour your 
Honour by this endeavour may perceive to be well afforded, as his 
future actions I trust shall more effectually testify, and I in the 
meantime do most humbly thank your Honour for the same. And 
now, by the discomfiture of the Scots which is fully signified unto 
your Honour, the forces aforesaid are returned. My Lord, never- 
theless, holdeth on his journey into the province to examine the 
beginning and ground of the late tumult, and to confirm the simple 
in obedience and contentment, and to take such order with others 
as may most advantage Her Majesty's service and re-establish the 
common quiet. 1 doubt not but by this happy overthrow of the 
ScJts, that nation will be the less willing to come into those parts 


1586. VOL.CXXVI. 

and the bad affected of this nation, the less confident in their own 
bad actions, and in the force of the Scots. I trust my Lord Deputy, 
whose coming hath been generally wished, will so settle and dispose 
of the people of the province, as the late composition taken by Sir 
Nicholas White and others this last year (being observed and fulfilled), 
the revenue thereof will answer and bear any charge necessary for 
Her Majesty to be at within the same. His Honour in his past and 
present travels hath great regard of your honourable and grave 
advice unto his Lordship signified by me, to beware of the people's 
discontentment and grief by the disorder of the soldier, whereof I 
have always remembered his Lordship, pp. 2. 

Sept. 27. 27. Chancellor Archbishop Loftus, Robert Gardener, .Edward 
Dublin. Brabazon, and Geff. Fenton, Privy Councillors, to Burghley. Upon 
the late repair of the Scots into Connaught, and the Lord Deputy's 
pretending a vehement desire to draw thither in person for their 
expulsion, it was made a question in Council, partly by our urging, 
whether it were more convenient for Her Majesty's service, that his 
Lordship should undertake that journey or to remain at homej 
sending to the Governor there competent forces to answer that 
service. Upon the debating of this question in two or three several 
consultations, it was drawn at last to this issue and resolution, that 
for many weighty reasons alleged by us, gathered partly from the 
wavering disposition of the time and partly to avoid unnecessary 
charges [to] Her Majesty, it was agreed his Lordship should remain 
at home, and countenance Sir Richard Byngham with two bands of 
footmen and fifty horse, which was all the forces he required to end 
that war. This consultation was entered as an act in the Council 
Book, and subscribed by us and the Treasurer, who, if he were not 
now in Munster, would join with us in the report thereof. 
Nevertheless, his Lordship retaining still his first desire, and often- 
times afterwards renewing the same in Council, to the end to draw 
our consents, and lingering still - the sending of the said bands to 
Sir Richard Byngham, as appeared from time to time by Sir 
Richard's letters. Resolved at last to make a journey into Con- 
naught in person, both contrary to the former consultations made 
on Her Majesty's behalf, and without any apparent necessity of 
service, which, when we eftsoons stood against in Council, his 
Lordship answered that at least he would but make a progress 
journey into some parts of the Pale to pass away the time, or to 
Athlone at the farthest, whereunto some of us consented, being not 
able to stay him. What other intentions his Lordship had was not 
known to us, though since we find that he made less reckoning of 
our reasons than of his own desire, for his Lordship has now passed 
into Connaught, and hath appointed to meet him there the greatest 
part of the forces in the kingdom, both of the old garrisons and 
others that could be gathered in the Pale and other places, whereby 
no small increase of charges is likely to grow to Her Majesty, 
besides the jealousies and buzzes that so sudden a stir puts into 
the heads of the people. And lastly, besides the peril that may 
happen both to this place and all the other pieces of charge within 


1586. VoL - CXXVL 

the Pale being left open to any surprise or distress that may be 
offered, of this we have eftsoons written to his Lordship (though in 
vain), since his departure, beseeching him for these respects to order 
his return back again, leaving the war against the Scots to be 
managed by the Governor of Connaught, the copy of which letter 
we have sent to your Lordship, hoping that your Lordship, knowing 
hereby upon what grounds for Her Majesty's safety and profit we 
were against his Lordship's going into Connaught, will both help 
to excuse and defend us, howsoever the event may fall out, for we 
protest to your Lordship, that neither will nor other property of 
affection wrought in us, but only a care to shift off dangers in this 
unsound time, and prevent unnecessary charges to Her Majesty. 
P.S. As we were signing this letter we received advertisements 
from Sir Richard Byngham, of his encounter with the Scots, and 
his happy victory upon them ; he hath slain thirteen or fourteen 
hundred of them, not leaving above a hundred of their whole camp 
to carry news. This overthrow hath happened in good time for 
the crossing of all combinations within the realm, and better 
settling the minds of some that barkened after change. The en- 
counter was (as it seemeth by his letters) the 22nd of this month, 
the Lord Deputy being no further on his journey towards Con- 
naught than Mullingar in Westmeath, from whence, though his 
Lordship might have returned, having now no further cause to pass 
further, the Scots being utterly overthrown, yet we understand he 
is gone forward through all that province to Galway, wherein in 
our opinions, his Lordship is somewhat too careless of the safety of 
the Pale, and the whole country behind him, and not so careful to 
cut off unnecessary charge [t]o Her Majesty as were meet, and we 
from time to time have advised him. pp. 1. 

Sept. 28. 28. G. Fenton to Lord [Burghley ?]. Being suddenly commanded 
Dublin. by letters from the Lord Deputy to repair out of hand into Munster, 
to join with the Vice-president in some manner of assistance for 
Her Majesty's service in this doubtful time, I am bold to acquaint 
your Lordship therewith, to the end that upon any further occasion 
of intelligence concurring with those affairs, it may please you to 
direct and command me during my abiding there. It seemeth his 
Lordship taketh his reason of my employment into that province 
of a caution given by your Lordships there, touching a number of 
ships lately armed in Biscay, and now fallen to Conquet and Brest, 
pretending (as may be doubted) to disturb some part of Her 
Majesty's dominions a matter which the ill-affected of this country 
stick not to make show of with manifest expectation of the access 
of strangers for the which many of them are prepared in mind, 
not only in Munster, but in the Pale itself. And touching Munster, 
if any descent should now be offered, I see not how either it 
may be resisted, or the doubtful places upon the coasts fortified or 
manned, no nor the suspected contained in order, for that the Lord 
Deputy hath drawn to himself into Connaught all the forces of the 
province, not leaving one soldier, but twenty-five of the Provost- 
Marshal's horsemen, so as whatsoever is done in the meanwhile to 


1586. ' CXXVr ' 

put off dangers must be done by tempering discreetly with words 
and promises, which is but a weak remedy to be applied to men of 
so violent minds as most of them have ; nevertheless nothing, God 
willing, shall be pretermitted which the time and nature of the 
present action will bear. p. %. 

Sept. 28. 29. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. The Lord Deputy has drawn all 
Dublin. the soldiers out of Munster, except twenty-five. A late hard dealing 
offered to some of the Council by the Lord Deputy in rifling their 
letters and retaining them almost twenty hours, p. 1. 

Sept. 29. 30. Loftus, Thomas Jones the Bishop of Meath, Gardener, Bra- 
Dublin Castle, bazon, and Fenton, all of the Council, to Burghley. Disaffection of 
the country to the present Deputy. In the event of an invasion 
he will want much of that moderation which is requisite in so great 
a danger. He has taken a great part of the nobility of the Pale 
into Connaught a matter not known to them or agreed to. pp. 1. 

Sept. 29. 31. Fenton to Burghley. By the joint letter now sent to your 
Dublin. Lordship from the Lord Chancellor Loftus and the rest, your 
Lordship may see the tottering disposition of this government, and 
through what defects and errors it is in hazard to suffer danger 
if any attempt be made by foreign enemies. The Lord Deputy by 
drawing so great a force with him from all parts to Athlone, hath 
left most places of charge within the realm and the Pale itself, dis- 
furnished and open to danger, whereby any bad pretence of minds, 
badly inspired, may, with good opportunity be executed even upon 
this city and castle, places which in other times of peril have been 
with great care provided for. Besides his Lordship assembling 
upon the sudden so great an army for so light a matter as to go 
seek the Scots in Connaught, whom he knew the Governor there 
held short for doing any harm, and would ere now have ended the 
work with them, if his Lordship had sent him forces, hath stirred 
the minds of the people to .further jealousies than before, which 
assuredly in this unsound and doubtful time might have been 
forborn, for that the remedy of the disease of Ireland now is not to 
stir the humours but to comfort the spirits, and by easy diet to 
reconcile and compound the broken parts of the body. It seemeth 
the Lord Deputy reposeth much for himself in the good-wills and 
love of this country men, but God defend that upon that ground 
anything should be put to trial, that may concern Her Majesty's 
interests, for howsoever it pleaseth his Lordship to nourish that 
opinion, he doth but lead himself astray, as is well seen by such as 
observe the course of things without partiality, wherein his Lordship 
might be warned by many former cautions, both in parliament 
causes and otherwise, touching their uncertainties, if he would be 
but indifferent between his own affection and their natural aptness 
to feed a humour when they have once found it. Before the 
finishing of this letter I received advertisements from Sir Richard 
Byngham of his late encounter with the Scots at Connaught, and 
of his good success therein. I thought best to send your Lordship 
the letters, themselves which declare at large the manner of the 


1586. VOL - CXXVL 

overthrow, not having leisure to extract than being ready to take 
my journey this day for Munster. This victory will do much to break 
the knot of all civil combinations within the realm, and also terrify 
most of those that depend upon the access of foreign forces. And 
if there grow no trouble by strangers, there is no great fear of 
" domesticall " stirs, for that the chiefest grounds of civil disturbance 
are shaken by this overthrow. I think it the best service that hath 
been done in this land these many years, except the expugnation 
of the Spaniards at Smerwick. The Lord Deputy was not at this 
overthrow, nor no nearer it than Mullingar in Westmeath. 

I humbly beseech your Lordship have me in mind to Her Majesty 
touching my suit, wherein I have more need to be holpen than is 
meet for me to express, p. 1. Incloses, 

31. i. Sir R. Byngham to Secretary Fenton. Forasmuch as it 
pleased God to send us a happy victory against ike Scots yesterday, 
whom, we have utterly overthrown and slain, saving a very few, I 
have sent you herein-closed a copy of my letter and discourse thereof 
to my Lord Deputy, whereby the whole truth and substance of the 
matter shall appear plainly unto you, praying you to acquaint all 
my friends with it, that we may all rejoice togeilier and praise God 
for it. Original, p. \. Sept. 23. The camp at Ardnerye. 

31. II. Sir H. Byngham to the Lord Deputy. Copy. p. 1. 
31. in. Sir JR. Byngham to the Lord Chancellor. Copy. p. 1. 

31. iv. Captain Thomas Woodhouse to Fenton. Having good 
news to send you of this day's service, how that it pleased God that 
the Governor this day met with James McDonnell's sons and all 
their forces, and he with the number of about four score horsemen, 
he, like a brave gentleman, charged them. I was as near him as 1 
could, and so cut off their wings, and they presently were like cowardly 
beggars, being in number, as we did judge, about 1,300 in that 
place, hard by tJieir camp, William Burke's town, called Arnary. 
About one of the clock we did join battle, and they did set their 
backs to the great river called the Afoy, and the Governor and we that 
were but a small number did with him, who I protest in God 
like as brave a man, charge them before our battle came in, and kept 
a narrow strait in our charging of them, so as they could not 
pass our foot battle, and there, God be tJianked, we did drown 
and kill, as we all did judge, about tJie number of a thousand o?- 
eleven hundred, for there did, by swimming, about a hundred 
escape, and as the country saith on the other side the water, they 
have killed them, for we cannot this day get over this water into 
Tyraidy to tJiem for want of boats, but truly, I was, never since 
I was a man of war, so weary with killing of men, for I protest to 
God, for as fast as I could I did but liough them and paunch them,, 
sometimes on horseback, because iliey did run as we did break them, 
and sometimes on foot, and so in less space than an hour this whole 
and good field was done, and, as we judge, we have slain James 
M'Donnell's two sons, Donnell Gorme M'Donnell, and Aleosander 



Carragh M'Donnell, and I think John M'Qarot : and so this war is 
done, God be thanked. One of our soldier's boys found a bag of 
letters, and O'Donnell's [the Calough O'Donnell] wife's letter was 
in it ; the full effect in it was that they should be of good cheer ; that 
she was landed in Lough Foyle, with sixteen hundred Scots, and so 
willed them that they should in all their proceedings in all places 
see O'DonneWs rent paid him,. And so this day's service hath paid 
O'Donnell and them, and so with my due commendations unto your 
good worship, I rest. I desire you to speak to my Lord Deputy for 
my pension, for his Lordship doth love me, and this good knight 
can tell I did my part here, and my men, and but for want of 
paper I would have written to his Honour. I trust, I being the 
oldest soldier that was captain these eight years in charge, for I have 
been a soldier and an officer these twenty-four years, and so I was 
discharged, and my soldiers sent into Flanders; I ha$ nothing 
good, and for all my service nothing, and there was not a good 
day's service on the Scots these twenty-four years I have served, but 
I was in the service and did my part. And also I desire you to 
write to this good knight (Bynghani) to help me to my pay, for now 
he is willing, and I shall speed the better for your worship. 1 
am long without it. Sept. 23. Camp in Ardnary. 

Sept. 29. 32. G. Fenton to Walsyngham. I have forborn in my former 
Dublin. letters to write of the matters of Connaught, but chiefly of the late 
descending of the Scots and their insolent pretences, boasting 
proudly that they came to invade that country and inhabit it, for 
which purpose they were combined with the Burkes of Mayo, or 
M'William's country, and had many other confederates in other 
parts of the province. Sir Richard Byngham made head against 
them at the beginning, and with the forces he prepared in the 
province withstood their entry a long time, hoping that upon the 
coming of two bands of footmen and 50 horse, which lie often wrote 
for hither, and in truth were overlong detained from him, he would 
either fight with them or drive them to retire with shame. In this 
sort he hath lien all this while very near them, rather defending 
their further incursions and striving to draw them to some place 
of advantage, than that he was in case to put it to a fight, but 
to his great disadvantage, for they were 1,500 or 1,600 at the least, 
and he not above 400 or 500 footmen and 100 horse at the most, 
and the greatest number Irish. At last about the 22d of this month, 
the said two bands of footmen and 50 horse being come to him, 
having before discharged the risings out of the country, and dismissed 
them to their dwellings, he gave a very resolute charge upon the 
Scots, and so maintained it that he slew and drowned between 
1,300 and 1,400 of them, not leaving of all sorts above 100 to carry 
news. This overthrow is happened in good time, both to terrify 
others of this nation that had like pretences, and also to stay and 
settle the minds of many that muse after change. This is the only 
piece of service, next to Smerwick, that hath been done in this land 
in many years. The manner whereof I have not now leisure to 
write, being ready to take horse to ride into Munster. Touching the 


1586. ' CXXVL 

gentleman under whose virtue and conduct it was done, I doubt not 
but your Honour will prefer bis commendation and credit according 
to his desert, and in this point I must say for him that he hath 
need both of comfort and countenance from thence, having reaped 
here the contrary, even almost to the overthrowing of his mind, 
which is the measure that is also yielded to others of us here with 
more and more indignities.. The Lord Deputy was not at this 
overthrow of the Scots, p. 1. 

Sept. [29.] 33. Draft of rents, arrearages, allowances and remains of Her 
Majesty's revenues in Ireland for eight whole years by Mr. Peyton. 
The burthen of the account of Sir Henry Wallop as General Receiver 
of the Revenues of Ireland from Michaelmas 1578, to Michaelmas 
158G, namely for the space of eight years being 297,972Z. 14s. \\\d. 
and half a farthing. There is allowed to him for fees paid to the 
chief officers 29,5 28. 5s. 8fd, allowed to him for divers payments by 
warrant and exoneration of arrearages 199,463?. 13s. 10fc. With 
statement of the remainder, p. 1. 

Sept. 30. 34. Lord Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Walsyngham. It hath 
Dublin. pleased God to grant unto his servant Sir Richard Byngham, 
Governor of Connaught, a notable victory against the Irish and 
Scots, who had invaded that province, who being accompanied with 
scarcely GOO men, hath killed and drowned fourteen hundred of 
them, as more particularly appeareth by the copies of the letters 
hereinclosed, sent to me from Sir Richard, which I have thought 
good to send unto your Honour, in sort as they came to my hands, 
that you might understand the manner of their overthrow. It may 
be the valour of the gentleman, and his good service, will be 
extenuated by some who hate his person, and envy his good deserts, 
wherefore I cannot forbear to advertise your Honour, that by 
constant report of some who were present at this service, Sir 
Richard himself was the first man who encountered the enemies, and 
that this good success, next unto the goodness of God, whereunto 
all things are to be referred, is wholly to be ascribed to his great 
valour, wisdom, and discreet government. My Lord Deputy himself, 
raising the forces of the Pale, was in his journey towards Con- 
naught, but at the time of this service he was at Mullingar in the 
Pale, four score and ten miles from the place where this service was 
done. In this conflict I have further learned that there is not one 
soldier slain, and but a very few hurt, and they not in any danger. 
My duty to Her Highness and continual care for the safety of this 
estate enforce me both boldly and plainly to signify mine opinion to 
your Honour, both of the state of the land and of my Lord Deputy's 
government. The late advertisements sent from your Honours to 
my Lord Deputy do put us in great fear of foreign invasion, which 
if it should happen, the weakness of Her Majesty's garrison, the 
discontentment of this people, both Irish and English, with my Lord 
Deputy, and the doubtfulness of the Irish, even in these civil parts, 
being duly considered, I see small hope, unless Almighty God, quite 

i, 2 


1586. VO..CXXVI. 

against all men's hope, do turn men's hearts, but the whole king- 
dom shall be in danger upon the sudden to be lost. And for my 
part, not for any private respects, but with an upright conscience, 
calling to mind the contempt of God's religion, and immoderate 
government of this our Deputy, abhorred and loathed of the better 
sort of this people, 1 cannot hope for any good success under him. 
I have sent the like copies of Sir Richard Byngham's letters to my 
Lord Treasurer Burghley. 

On the cover : For Her Majesty's affairs. At the city of Chester 
the 2 of October, 1586, 7 in the evening. Edmund Ganull, 
m[ayor]. pp. 1. Incloses, 

34. i. Sir R. Byngham to Loftus. Yesterday, at ten of the clock 
in the morning, I came to the place where the Scots camped at a 
town near the river of the Moy, called Ardnary, and gave them a 
notable overthrow, wherein there ^vas 1,400 persons slain and 
drowned. The Lord God of Hosts, by ^uhose mighty arm we obtained 
this happy victory, be blessed and praised for it. We knew not in 
the beginning that there was so many slain, but since by the tale of 
the dead bodies upon the field, at the water banks, and upon the rocks 
in the water, we find it this. Alexander Carragh, one of James 
M'Donnell's sons' body was found in the water; his head was 
brought to me, and most of all their gentlemen be killed. It is thought 
that Donnell Goi^me, another of James M'Donnell's sons is also 
slain, the certainty whereof shall be known a day or two hence 
better than now. There is about 300 or 400 of their long sivords, 
with many of their bows and sculls found and taken out of the 
water this day, and not above a hundred or four score of as many 
Scots as came to Connaught escaped, being abroad with the Burkes 
fetching in of a jirey, but they shall be met withall, ere it be long, 
God ivilling. I have laid ^vait for them that they shall not escape. 
I made a particular disco[urse of ] the order of this battle in my 
letter to my Lord Deputy, [whereof] I have sent your Lordship a 
copy, to the end you may know it the "more plainer." I beseech your 
Lordship to let the rest of the Council understand of it that we may 
rejoice together in the Lord. Copy. p. 1. 

Sept. 23. From the camp at Ardnary. 

34. ii. Sir R. Byngham to the Lord Deputy Perrot. May it 
please your Honour, by my last letters to your Lordship from 
Ardglass, I advertised you that the Scots, having passed over the 
water of Collooney into Slievdhawe, were in the mountains, in 
O'Gara's country. After the writing whereof, I removed from 
thence to the castle of Moygharee, where the Vice-Presidents com- 
pany, and some of Sir William Stanley's band came to me the 19th 
of this month, there I did understand the Scots were come to the 
nether part of M'Costello's country, and had an intent to pass 
through the same into the county of Ros\comm~\on to take the prey 
of it, whereupon I removed from thence to Castlemore, in M'Costello's 
country, to cut betwixt them and home that way, and to be ready to 
encounter them. The 20th of September, Lieutenant Jacques came 


1586. VOL.CXXVI. 

to me to this place with the rest of Sir William Stanley's band, 
Sir George Bourchiers fifty, with their officers, and tfte band of 
horsemen your Lordship sent me. There I had intelligence that the 
Scots were in Cowlcarny, in some place near tJie river of Moy. 
And to tlie end I might make slwrt work with lltem, and not lie still 
with the forces, I marched to the Abbey of Bannada in tJte highway 
towards them, where my splat brouyht me certain word tlmt they 
were at Killdermot or at Ardnary, persuading and practising 
with tlie Burkes of Ty rawly to join ivith tfiem. Here tlieymade pro- 
clamation that Connaught was their own, tliat I was gone to Ros- 
common, and tliat all my forces gave me over, and that therefore 
such of the country as would come unto them should be received 
and take no hurt. The 21st of September, about two of the clock 
after midnight, I removed from Bannada, and understanding by my 
spial that tlie Scots were at Ardnary, I took my way directly thither 
through the mountains, which 1 passed with all my company of 
horse and footmen, with our carriages, not without great difficulty 
and pains. And about ten of the clock on Thursday the 22nd of 
this month, in the morning, when we came in their view, I made 
toivards them with the Jiorsemen, and sent Jialf a dozen to see tlie 
ground where they were, and to know how they stood. Hereupon 
the Scots issued out, and ranged themselves in order, and made 
toward us, whereupon we charged their " vowarde," and beat them 
into their " battaill," and killed many of them and drove them into 
a bog, and having some shot a horseback, kept tJiem play until the 
loose shot and the main " battayle " of the footmen came in, and 
then we all charged them again, and overthrew and defeated their 
whole company; they fled before us to the river side, which was hard 
by, where ^ve killed and drowned them all, saving about four score, 
who stripped tJiemselves and swam over into Tyraiuly [le]aving 
their weapon and garments behind them. There ivas slain and 
drowned in this conflict about eight or nine hundred persons, and 
not so few, for they were here altogether at this battle at Ardnary, 
saving about a hundred or four score ivho went with some of the 
Burkes the day before to prey Tyrawly, who are all that are remain- 
ing alive of as many Scots as came over the Erne, for we hear that 
those who fled to Tyrawly were slain by Walter Kittagli Burke, and 
the country, in such sort as this province is rid of those cruel and 
beastly enemies, by the merciful providence of God, to whom be 
praise and glory for it. They had no place to fly from i<s but to 
the river, and as soon as they came thither our shot beat them from 
their footing, and tJie force of the stream carried them to the sea, 
doivn the river in " plumpes " together. A number of their bodies 
lie dead upon the rocks in the sJiallow places of the river, and many 
in the fields and about the ivater banks. It is said tliat one or both 
James M'Donnell's sons be slain, with many of their chief gentle- 
men, ivhich will be better known a day or tivo hence than now. We 
have found all their furniture and weapon. This is the certainty 
of this days service,. And now, God be tlianked, we need not to 
fear the Scots in Connaught any more. And I trust they sJiall not 






Sept. 80. 


Sept. 30. 
Sept. 30. 
Sept. 30. 

Sept. 30. 
Sept. 30. 

Sept. 30. 


be so ivilling to come to Connaught any more as they have been, 
whereby we shall live the quieter a long time. The captains and 
leaders of the foot and horse bands discharged their duties very 
well, and behaved themselves like discreet and valiant soldiers. I 
beseech your Honour thank them for it. And not one of all the 
ivhole company, from, the highest to the lowest, but was willing to 
serve Her Majesty against these villains. I humbly take leave from 
the camp at Ardnary, your Lordship's most humble at command- 
ment. In this service I had none but such as were in Her Majesty's 
pay, for I turned home all the rising out, for that they did me no 
good at the meeting at Collooney, and I would I never fad any 
of them, for they were very troublesome tmto me and put me to 
great charges. I think ive are here five hundred men by the pole, 
and four score horse, . . . forty which came from Dublin, fifteen of 
Captain Barkley's, and thirty of mine own. I Jiope, ere it be long, 
to take order as ivell for the discharge of those companies ivhich 
were levied here, as for the sending home of those forces your Lord- 
ship sent me. At the writing liereof, we understand there is ],400 
drowned and slain, and almost all their chief men killed. At the 
sealing hereof Alexander Garragh M'Donnell's head was brought 
to me, being found and knoivn by many to be the same. Copy, 
pp. 2. Sept. 23, Ardnary. 

35. The Chancellor to Burghley. For the speedy return of Sir 
Henry Bagenall, with appointment to such place or office as is fit 
for his virtue, p. |-. 

36. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley. Commends the Bishop of Cork, 
who fears to be superseded, p. |. 

37. Checks laid down upon Captain Thomas Norris's 100 
footmen, p. 1. 

38. Note of Mr. Beverley^s debt, being 4,342. st., as victualler, 
under the hand of Robt. Newcomen, his deputy, pp. 3. 

39. Breviate of the account of G. Beverley, 1583, Aug. 10, to 
1586, Sept. 30. pp. 2. 

40. Another of the above, pp. 2. 

41. Book of the whole garrison for half a year for Walsyngham. 
pp. 20. [One was sent to Burghley by T 4 Williams, Dec. 3.] 

42. Declaration of the account of Sir H. Wallop, Treasurer at 
Wars, for two years ended 30 Sept. 1686 under the hands of the 
Lord Chancellor, Archbishop Loftus, Robert Gardener, Sir Lucas 
Dillon, and Thomas Jenyson. pp. 3. 

43. Note of the expenses of Lord Deputy Sir John 'Perrot's 
journeys into Ulster and Connaught in 1584, 1585, and 1586. 
Imprimis. The first journey I made thither for all extraordinary 
charges, as well by land as by sea, losses, rewards, and the 
allowances to councillors, officers, and such like, being in anno 1584, 
in which journey, I took pledges of all the Lords and principal 


1586. - CXXVL 

gentlemen of that province, brought them to be sworn to Her 
Majesty, and to grant by indenture that they should find yearly 
1,100 of Her Majesty's soldiers upon their own costs and charges, 
saving that Her Highness was to allow 1 201. to each band yearly, 
or thereabouts. Also I won that time the Route from proud Sorley 
Boy M'Donnell and banished him from thence, and likewise won 
Dunluce, and killed many of the Scots, did not amount, as far as yet 
by any means I can learn, to the sum of 1,8001. [Note to compare 
these expenses and the expenses of the Earl of Sussex and Sir 
Henry Sydney when they went their northern journeys.] 

The second journey in anno 1585. Item, it stood Her Majesty 
when I went northwards that year in all extraordinary charges 
that second journey, at which time I confirmed the composition, 
took new pledges of Shane O'Neill's sons, settled the province, and 
divided it into shires, took Shane O'Neill's son prisoner, accorded 
the Earl of Tyrone and O'Neill. All which stood Her Majesty not 
not 2001. [Note, that it hath been bruited here that it was re- 
ported in England that this journey stood Her Majesty in 11,000^.] 

A note of the journey into Connaught in Sept. 1586. Item, I 
undertook that journey because the Scots had continued long there, 
and that the Burkes were in rebellion, as also for the quieting of 
that country, which stood not Her Majesty in extraordinary every 
way, 1001. [Note, that Sir Richard Byngham wished me to that 
journey, and the Council gave me leave to go thither.] p. 1. 

(Signed) J. PERROT. 

Oct. 1. 44. Petition of Catherine Carye, widow, to Burghley, for payment 
of a remain due to her husband, Peter Carye, who was slain by the 
Scots at the taking of the Castle of Dunluce, whereof he was con- 
stable, p. 1. 

Oct. 2. 45. Note of Irish suitors for debts, p. 1. 
Oct. 3. 46. Note of suitors for Irish debts, p. 1. 
Oct. 3. 47. Note of money due and paid to Irish suitors, p. I. 

Oct. 3. 48. Abstract of munition in Ireland, and of the supplies now 
required, p. 1. 

Oct. (3?). 49. Another copy. p. 1. 

Oct. 3. 50. Petition of Stephen Segar to Burghley, touching payment of 
130?. for the repairing and building of the castle at Blackwater. 
p. I. 

Oct. 3. 51. Another petition of the same S. Segar. p. 1. 

Oct. 5. 52. Thomas Norreys, Wallop, Jesse Smythes, Ch. Calthorpe, 
Youghal. Roger Wilbraham, Lancelot Alford, and James Golde, commissioners 
for survey of the attainted lands in Munster, to Lord Burghley, 
Sir Christopher Hatton, Sir Walter Mildmay, and Sir Francis 
Walsyngham. Upon receipt of your Honours' letters and Her 
Majesty's commissions for the meting and bounding into seigniories 
of Her Majesty's escheated and attainted lands, within this 


1586. V01 ' CXXVL 

vince, which came unto our hands the second of the last month, we 
prepared ourselves, with as much speed as conveniently we might, 
to repair into these parts, and accordingly met at Dungarvan the 
21st of the same, where we remained eight days, in meting the one 
half of the lands we are informed to be assigned to Sir Cbr. 
Hatton, and from thence departed to Lismore and Youghal, at both 
which places we have stayed these eight days more in meting and 
bounding such lands as we hear Sir Walter Rawley is to have, 
which hath been exceeding difficult and painful, by reason that the 
lands having been long waste are generally overgrown with deep 
grass, and in most places with heath, brambles, and furze, whereby 
and by the extremity of rain and foul weather, that hitherto we 
have found, we have been greatty hindered in our proceeding. And 
therefore and for the avoiding of Her Majesty's charge, so much as 
in us lieth, the days waxing very short, and winter now so near 
approaching, and for that we find all the gentlemen undertakers, 
and their associates, that came hither to be again departed into 
England, we have thought meet to surcease from further dealing 
therein until the spring, minding to return, and to leave Mr. 
Hobby ns and another meter with him to proceed in meting so well 
as they may during the winter time, and Mr. Thomas Wiseman, 
with the books of survey, to aid and instruct them, and to perfect 
the bounds of the lands, who, the commissions being left with us 
the vice-president, Capt. Thomas Norreys and Justice Srnythes, 
shall have our aid and assistance, as they shall need the same. 
And at the spring when the undertakers shall be returned, and 
the season meeter for our purpose, we do then mind, to meet in 
the province again, and so to proceed to the full execution of Her 
Majesty's said commissions upon receipt of Her Majesty's articles 
and your Honour's directions. In the meantime we are to let your 
Honours understand, that whereas Her Majesty was intituled to 
sundry ploughlands, by offiqe found at the time of the last being 
here in commission of me the treasurer, Sir Valentine Browne, and 
the rest, it now appeareth unto us in bounding the same, we are 
and shall he driven to lose divers parcels thereof, by reason of 
sundry claims of jointures and other titles that are challenged in 
the said lands. But now by new inquiries that everywhere, as we 
go, we do make, we do find divers other parcels that formerly were 
not found, and doubt not but as we shall further proceed we shall 
find more. [Indorsed, Entred.] pp. 2. 

Oct. 6. 53. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. Having now thoroughly 

Roscommon. ended the service in the county of Mayo against the Burkes, as also 
having overthrown and utterly slain the Scots, their auxiliaries, 
who in their quarrel invaded this province, with an intention to in- 
habit the same. I have, as in duty I stand bound, sent your Honour 
the large and true discourse thereof, in perusing whereof your Lord- 
ship shall easily find how hardly I have been dealt withal, and yet 
notwithstanding all the devices of mine enemies all things have 
fallen out well in Her Majesty's service, to the benefit of the State. 
It was long before I could get the small supply which the Lord 


1586. VOL.CXXVI. 

Deputy sent me ; if they had come sooner to me the service would 
have been sooner exploited ; iny Lord Deputy, notwithstanding the 
service is done and thoroughly determined before he came nigh to 
the province, yet he is repaired to Galway, but to what end I know 
not ; I pray God his coming encourage not some of the bad affected 
Irishry to begin a new broil ; that it will much spoil the province I 
am well assured, for both his horsemen and footmen must feed on 
the country, contrary to the composition. I would all things were 
done to a good end, the country favoured and the service followed 
without affection to private gain or emulation of well-doing. I 
think my Lord Deputy intended not to have sent the supply to me 
till he had come himself. I levied 300 of footmen within the pro- 
vince, yet the charges thereof and also of divers horsemen in like 
sort is defrayed without any charge to Her Majesty or the country, 
other than with the goods and preys of the rebels taken, and on 
their expenses. And so was also the winning of the castle Ne Galley 
and divers others, as also that great strong castle of Mahon O'Brien's 
without any charge to Her Majesty. How the revenues and casualties 
of the province are issued I will make known to your Honour by a 
just and true book which I will send shortly. Incloses, 

53. i. A discourse of the services done by Sir Richard Byngham 
in the county of Mayo, within the province of Connaught, for the 
quieting of the said country, the suppression of such of the Burkes 
as revolted there, and the overthrow of the Scots who lately invaded 
the same province, in July, August, and September 1586. 

In September 1585, at a sessions holden at Donnemoney, in the 
county of Mayo, by me and mine associates, commissioners within 
this province, Sir Nicholas White, Master of the Rolls, then present, 
and employed with us for the perfecting of the last composition, the 
said county stood generally on good and quiet terms, without any 
tokens of alteration, and the most of the gentlemen and freeholders 
of that shire resorted thither very willingly, nevertheless when they 
perceived that the names and superiorities of their chief lords, and 
especially of M' William, should, by validity of the said composition, 
cease and extinguish, it somewhat disliked divers of them, who not 
long before expostulated the same. A t this time, amongst all others, 
it seemed that Thomas Roe Burke, one of the chief gentlemen of 
that sept, Jield himself discontented, either for that or else because 
his kinsmen, Moyler Burke and Tibbot Reagh, were kept in durance, 
upon good presumptions that they laboured the drawing of Scots 
into this province. For this Thomas Roe Burke, during our abode at 
Donnemoney, kept himself within a strong castle of his own standing 
in an island on Lough Mask within sight of the place where we 
ivere, refusing to come at us, notwithstanding we had sent for him 
divers times, by which I suspected that if I did not warily prevent it, 
some stirs might haply arise in those parts, for the Burkes they had 
ever been very bad persons and such as very hardly contained them- 
selves two years together within the bounds of due obedience. And 
herewithal I saw that if some two or three of the most dangerous men 



of that name might be cut off, or else be taken and kept in hold, 
the country would stand on the " more faster " assurance of quiet, 
wherefore upon my return to Roscommon I devised for the safety 
of the said country. And knowing the said Thomas Roe to be a 
sure pledge for all his sept, I dealt with the sheriff 1 for his appre- 
hension, he not long after sent his sub-sheriff to put the same in 
execution, who was resisted and hurt by the said Thomas, and by 
reason thereof killed the said Thomas Roe. This man thus slain 
was nothing missed, nor much lamented, no not even of his own 
kindred, only it misliked most Francis Barldey, provost marshal 
of this province, and Theobald Dillon, the collector of Her Majesty's 
composition rents ; for these men had gotten in those parts horses 
and hackneys and great store of land of many the lewd _and ill- 
disposed persons there, upon conditions to maintain them in all 
their causes, which also upon like conditions they were daily in 
hope to augment and increase. And tlie better to win credit with 
the ill-qualitied and to bring their purposes to pass, they repaired 
from one to another or sent to them, signifying that they would 
repair to Dublin and procure all their pardons, which, as they 
said, would easily be obtained, and the rather, in their opinion, 
for that the Lord Deputy loved not me but would do anything to 
cross and disgrace me. But in the meantime they willed them in 
any case not to come to any officer but to be upon their keeping, 
and take heed ivhom they trusted. Hereupon the sons of Edmund 
Burke of Castle Barry with Edmund Keecraghe Burke, Riccard 
Burke the Devil's Hook's son, Moyler Oge Burke, Walter M'David 
Bane, Cahir M'Carvell and divers others gathered themselves 
together and associating unto them divers idle persons, entered into 
a castle in Lough Mask and manned the same, and also the said 
Thomas Roe's castle, which after the death of the said Thomas ivas 
in the possession of his brother Richard Burke, otherwise called the 
"paile of Ireland" keeping the said castle in rebellious manner 
against Her Majesty, utterly refusing to come at me, or any Her 
Majesty's officers, according to their instructions aforesaid. About 
this time I lay at the siege of Cloon-oan in Thomond, a strong pile, 
manned and kept against Her Majesty by Mahon O'Brien, a most 
dangerous enemy to the State, a champion of the Pope's, and a great 
practiser with foreign power to invade this land. At this siege 
I had but one hundred men, by reason whereof I was driven to 
no small pain in watching, warding, and skirmishing with so 
few men, having also a little help of certain kerne of the country. 
Nevertheless within seven days I expugned the castle, slew the said 
Mahon O'Brien and his men, without the help of any great 
ordnance, and from thence marched to Castle Ne Colly e aforesaid, 
within the which the traitorous Burkes had inclosed themselves. 
At my first coming I parleyed with tJiem, advising them to 
remember the obedience which they owed unto Her Majesty, and 
to yield themselves unto Her Highness* mercy, and carry themselves 
within tJie course of dutiful subjection assuring themselves they 
should find that favour in all things, which others Her Majesty's 


1586. VO..CXXVI. 

subjects did. Bid they minding nothing less than to submit 
tJiemselves, on any suck conditions, said they would, not do any 
hurt, but keep tliemselves there in safety, for they durst not trust 
Her Majesty's officers, alleging many frivolous and impertinent 
causes moving them to stand upon their guard, whereupon I 
besieged them in the said castle a strong round fortress erected in 
the midst of a lough, upon a small compass of ground so scanted 
by the ^vall tftat scarce a landing place ^uas left unto tlie same. 
The siege was all by water in boats, and could not be otherwise 
laid, insomuch that attempting to burn a boat or two of theirs 
that they had docked under the castle walls, to the end they might 
not escape away, and also that I might ^vatch and ivard them with 
few men, having but a small company there, and those sore wearied 
and bruised with stones, and galled with shot, at the siege of 
Cloon-oan, I was forced by reason of a sudden rising of a contrai*y 
weather, which much favoured them, to leave the attempt, with the 
loss of one of my boats and two or three of my men, and myself 
and others being in the same, hardly escaping by the help of oilier 
boats, and all by reason of the negligence of such as I put in 
trust with the other boats, which came not in to me in time, which 
boat they got ; in which, and one other boat of their own } before I 
could return to charge them with a fresh supply from the land, 
they shipped themselves, and with great celerity escaped to the 
woods, fearing tJiat at the next clwrge I would have won the castle. 
These traitors being thus escaped to the woods out of Castle Ne 
Callye, their accomplices also fled out of the other castle, both which 
and one strong pile of Ferraugh M'Donnell's, I razed to the ground, 
for that they were not fit to be kept by the English, and very dan- 
gerous to be in the possession of the Irish. Riccarde Burke, alias 
tJie " paile of Ireland," a man of no small account among them 
all, repaired to me at my first coming to castle Ne Callye, being 
the chief of their confederacy, who thought under colour of seeming 
a subject to have betrayed me and all my company, but intelligence 
thereof being had, besides many apparent proofs, lie was soon 
despatched by martial law, being indeed the most dangerous man 
in all the county of Mayo, especially for the draining in of Scots, 
a thing which I ever doubted, and which they undoubtedly intended. 
After this I took order for the follmoing of the Burkes to the woods 
and mountains, which were now grown to be some three or four 
score swords. I levied the forces of the country, and with them 
and mine own hundred footmen, I did so drive them from bush to 
bush and hill to hill that no news was to be had where any of them 
were, and the gentlemen of the country offered me that if I would 
draw mine own forces out of the country, they would undertake 
the service against them, and either kill iliem or banish them, and 
yet abate no penny of Her Majesty's composition rents for all that. 
So now when I had these bad Burkes at a great advantage, and in 
a hard distressed case, nevertheless, ivhen they were thus at the 
lowest ebb, I received a special charge and commandment from tJie 
Lord Deputy to protect them, which thing, though much against my 



will, I did handle in the best sort I could, for to save the credit of the 
State, but the peace being such as the State offered it, and they sought 
it not, continued but a small time, although they had given in a 
certain simple pledge for the performance of the peace. For after 
that I had been a while at Dublin, the said Burkes revolted again 
the second time, and joined unto them the Joys, Clangibbons, and 
Clandonnells, which Joys, the more to manifest their bad inten- 
tions, murdered certain of the Sheriff's men in Sir Morrough Ne 
Doe O* Flaherty's country, to the number of fifteen or sixteen. The 
levying of 'men here for the service in the Low Countries did cause 
many idle men to repair to them, who had no zeal to the said 
service beyond the sea. Thus the Burkes, by reason of the protec- 
tion aforesaid, having an interim of peace, and a pausing time 
to gather head again and increase their forces, finding the words 
of Barkley and Dillon to fall out to be true, viz., that the Lord 
Deputy would do anything to cross and disgrace me, in that I was 
forced to give them a protection, being unwilling so to do, whatever 
their first quarrel of revolt was ; they being now strong, converted 
the same to a more higher degree, and leaving all petty quarrels and 
occasions of their entering into arms, sought to make a benefit of 
the occasions given them, and said they would have a M e William, 
or else they would go into Spain for one. A Iso they would have 
no sheriff within their country, nor be subject to answer at any 
assize or sessions. These points and terms they stood upon, which, 
unless they were granted, they would yield to no peace. At the 
beginning of their second revolt, for that I was willing to have 
drawn them to peace, if by any reasonable means I might have the 
same, without indignity to the State, I sent commissioners unto them, 
viz., the Archbishop of Tuam, the Lord Bermingham, Mr. Thomas 
Dillon, justice of this province, Mr. Comerford, attorney of the 
same, and Edward WhUe, clerk of the Council, and others to parley 
ivith them, and to examine the cause of their insolent attempt, 
unto whom they answered in sort as aforesaid. And even during 
the time of the Commissioners being in the country, they letted not 
to burn and spoil. Nevertheless, a time of peace was given them 
for eight days by the said Commissioners, that in the meantime the 
Lord Deputy's pleasure might be further known. Yet, notwith- 
standing, the Commissioners ivere no sooner departed out of those 
parts, but presently they broke down divers castles, and burned many 
towns. And the 'more to make known their traitorous hearts and 
wicked purposes they proceeded against Her Majesty in most odious 
and undutiful speeches, saying, What have we to do with that Caliaghe 
[ckjlleAc], hoiu unwise were we, being so mighty a nation, to have 
been so long subject unto a woman! The Pope and the King of Spain 
shall have the rule of us, and none other. Yet all this, notwitlistand- 
ing, I did forbear to raise forces and serve upon them, greatly to my 
disadvantage, for that I liad so oftentimes received cautions and 
instructions from my Lord Deputy to that end, till 1 Itad resolution 
and direction from, his Honour and the Council of their prosecu- 
tion; but w the meantime the traitors greu> stronger and stronger t 



and were now increased to the number of seven or eight hundred 

men, and had also sent Edmund Kecraghe Burke of A rdnary to 

practise with the Scots to come to their succours. And also 

they sent John Etleve, brother to Walter Kittagh Burke, and 

William Burke of Ardnary to practise with them, saying that then 

was the time to subdue Connaught, for Her Majesty had no soldiers 

in Ireland ; they were all gone into Flanders. This fire kindled in 

such sort as now it was high time to take in hand the quenching 

thereof, nevertheless of myself I durst do nothing, for that I was 

absolutely forbidden by the Lord Deputy, and willed to do nothing 

without his Lordship's advice and direction, which I long looked 

for, and at the length, although somewhat late, received. The effect 

whereof was that his Lordship and the Council concurred in 

opinion with me, that the conditions which the Burkes craved were 

so unreasonable as neither subjects ought to demand them, nor the 

State might without great indignity yield unto them, and therefore 

willed me with such forces as I had or could levy to prosecute them, 

except I should Jind them to stand on more dutiful terms than 

before is said. Hereupon I presently levied such forces as I thought 

might suffice to answer the service, both effectually and speedily, for 

I find that the lingering war greatly chargeth Her Majesty, and 

not a little encourageth the enemy in this realm ; first, therefore, 

having taken order for the assurance of the country behind me, I 

marched towards the county of Mayo the 12th of July last with 

my own garrison forces, being a hundred footmen and fifty 

horsemen, and came to Ballinrobe the I4>th day, where I spent six 

or seven days as well in parleying ivith the Burkes as also in 

gathering together my whole forces. Hither came to me the Earl of 

Clanricarde, with thirty horsemen and 100 kerne, also many 

gentlemen of the country came to me, as the Lord Bermingham, 

Sir Hubert Burke, and divers others ; hither also came in the 

supply of forces which I levied within the province, viz., a hundred 

under Captain Mordant, a hundred under William Mostyn the 

younger, and a hundred under Captain Merriman, besides divers 

companies of light kerne, to the number of six or seven hundred. 

So, as having employed the Earl of Clanricard, the Archbishop of 

Tuam, the Bishop of Kilmore, the Lord Bermingham t Justice 

Dillon, and divers others in parleying with the Burkes, and finding 

that no reasons might win them to peace, I executed certain of their 

pledges, for I Jind tJuit sparing of their pledges hath done much hurt 

in Ireland, and then I marched to the Abbey of Ballintober the 

21st of July, and from thence sent in my forces of footmen and 

kerne into the mountains and woods, to seek them in their fastness, 

myself, with the Earl of Clanricard and our horsemen kept the 

champagne and plain country, as well for the defence of Her 

Majesty's good subjects behind us, as also to keep in the enemy from 

escaping aivay from the forces sent into their fastness. The footmen 

within, and myself without, hunted them so from place to place, 

that within the space of three weeks we took from them the number 

of four or Jive thousand head of cattle, whereof I reserved towards 


i KQfi VoL> CXXVL 


the defraying of the extraordinary charges of the journey the 
number of a thousand ; all the rest were bestowed on the companies 
and captains as booty, according to the manner accustomed, and 
employed in satisfying and paying the kerne, whom I shortly after 
discharged, being six or seven hundred men, of such entertainment 
as was then due unto them. Besides the depriving them of their 
cattle in sort aforesaid, we slew many of them, to the number of 
. four score or Jive score of all sorts ; the rest divided and scattered 
themselves, flying from one cave to another where they might best 
hide themselves, and sent unto me to crave mercy and pardon, 
offering to submit themselves with all humbleness. Hereupon, when 
they were thus broken, I discharged all my kerne and the horsemen 
of the country, and stayed my forces of hoi^semen and footmen 
aforesaid from the service for a space, as well to refresh them as 
to give the enemy leave to come in freely without fear, which done, 
they submitted themselves one after another in sort following : 
First, Ustun or Eusten M'Donnell, chief of all the Oalloglasses, came 
in, submitted himself, and laid in his son as pledge for him and 
his sept. Then shortly after, Edmund M'Riccard Yn Yeren Burke, 
one of the strongest amongst them, son to the last M' William, save 
one, came in, submitted himself, and gave in his son as pledge 
for him and his sept. After whom, William Burke, alias the 
Blind Abbot, the chief of all his name (when Edmund Burke of 
Castle Barry was dead), who claimed to be M' William, submitted 
himself to me very humbly, offering me one of his sons as pledge, 
but for that I liked not that son whom he offered me, but 
demanded his eldest son, whom I knew to be a good pledge, we 
agreed not, and he departed again from me ; yet, within tivo days 
after, when he saw I would have sent my forces into his fastness 
again, he came unto me *again, and brought me his eldest son as 
pledge. Moyler Oge Burke also submitted himself, and Riccard 
Burke, alias the Devil's Hook's son, being a man of great credit 
amongst them, who all put in good pledges to me. And truly, 
whosoever had seen these men when they submitted themselves 
would have said they had rather been ghosts than men, so pitifully 
looked they, pined away for want of food, and altogether " ghasted " 
, with fear. The Burkes of Castle Barry persisted still in the action. 
Their father was the man whom they sought to make M' William 
till I executed him, which although he were old I did, for that he 
was a notable traitor, and the encourager of his sons to that action, 
as also to the end his sons should be delivered of that vain hope, 
and so the sooner forced to submit themselves. I caused him to be 
tried by the course of the common law, both because none should 
find fault with the manner of his death, and also because his lands 
(whereof he had store) might escheat to Her Majesty. After this 
also, the said Burkes offered to submit themselves so as they might 
enjoy their father's lands, but herein I referred them to the 
resolution of the Lord Deputy. 

They would have given me their eldest brothers child as pledge, 
and so have submitted themselves, but I refused that child and 


1586. V01 ' CXXVL 

demanded one of themselves, which they utterly refused and denied, 
whereby I well perceived they carried still a very bad intention. 
All their accomplices had now submitted themselves, and they also 
were upon the pinch to have done the like, when news came to me 
that two thousand Scots were come over the Erne towards Sligo, with 
Edmund Kecraghe and Shane Itleave to defend the quarrel of the 
Burkes, and to inhabit their country within the cov.nty of Mayo, 
which tlie said Burkes had given to iliem upon condition they 
should banish the English and defend them. This news hindered 
a thorough pacification in the county of Mayo, nevertheless Jiaving 
already reduced things to so good a state there, as before is said, 
I might with the more safety remove towards Sligo to front the 
Scots, I sent tJierefore the Earl of Clanricard and 30 or 40 horsemen, 
and two bands of footmen before me to Sligo to join with my brother 
George Byngham, sheriff of the said county, who Jiad already levied 
certain shot, together with the forces of the country, for the necessary 
defence thereof. After this, having left order in the county of Mayo 
for the defence of the same, and the prosecuting of the few Burkes 
there in action, if they should haply stir, I hastened after the Earl 
myself, having with me a hundred footmen and 25 horsemen, for 
one hundred footmen I had also sent away before me. But having 
news that tlie Scots would that night spoil the Maugherie by 
Roscommon, I came by a great day's journey with my horsemen 
into the Maugherie, four miles wide of Eoscommon, from whence 
(understanding contrarily that the Scots were at Sligo) I diverted 
and came tlie next day thither, being well near three score English 
miles, leaving my footmen to follow me. A t the abbey of Boyle 1 
met with Sir Thomas Le Strange and others, the risings out of the 
country, whom I had appointed to be there for the defence of those 
parts ; I left them there still, and came to Sligo the 28th of August. 
A t my coming thither the Scots lay still about the Erne, some on the 
one side, and some on the otJier, to the number, as I was advertised, 
of eighteen hundred or two thousand footmen and a hundred 
horsemen. For Sir Arthur O'Neill, and Hugh Maguire liad aided 
them with certain forces. So their whole number was above two 
thousand (as it ivas said}, besides women, boys, churls, and 
children, whereof they had many, and great store of carriages. My 
coming so soon to Sligo, and the news of the pacification of the 
county of Mayo, made them stay long about the Erne and Bundrmues, 
either expecting more forces to come to them, or some broils to be 
raised in the country behind me, which might cause me to divide 
my forces, being then 400 footmen, English and Irish, and about 
three score horsemen, besides tlie risings out of the county, ivhich 
were about 100 horsemen and 200 kernes. A force far too weak 
to have encountered the Scots, except we might have gotten them in a 
champagne ground, into which like place of disadvantage they 
had no intention to come ; for of my 400 footmen, 300 were Irish, 
and but newly trained for the most part. I unvote to the Lord 
Deputy to send me tivo bands of footmen and Jiffy horsemen, for 
that there was no trust in the Irish horsemen, which if they had 


1586. VOL.CXXVI. 

come in any time, the Scots would never have come into the country 
at all. I lay at Sligo and at the foot of the Curlews, with my said 
forces fronting the Scots and keeping them from, entering into the 
country, expecting still a supply from the Lord Deputy, the space 
of 14 or 15 days. The Scots drawing by little and little through 
O'Rourk's country, upon mountains, woods, and bogs towards the 
Curlews, intending to pass that way, encamping ever in such places 
of fastness as we could never come at them, without great disad- 
vantage. And at length, although we kept the passages straitly 
upon them (which to watch well I was driven to divide my 
companies into two or three several places far distant), yet in an 
exceeding foul and tempestuous and dark night, they deceived us, 
for after we had watched for their coming till ten of the clock at 
night) hearing they had removed their camp and were either going 
away, or coming towards us over night, by reason of the abundance 
of rain which fell, and O'Conor Sligo's words, which assured us 
they were in camp for that night, we left to watch any longer, and 
bestowed ourselves into places of succour ; shortly after which time 
they having as I think both good spies and good guides, stole 
towards the bridge of Collooney [Kuluonye~], which to defend I had 
left 50 Irish horsemen, and my footmen hard by, and conveyed 
300 or 400 of themselves over the bridge before the footmen came 
at them, who as soon as they came beat them from the bridge, and 
won it, the said Irish horsemen doing no service at all. The alarm 
being up, I being a mile from them at Knockmillen, being another 
passage, where it was supposed they would sooner pass there than at 
the bridge, came in with my horsemen, even as our footmen had 
gotten the bridge, which bridge we made account had been the only 
way that they might have passed there, but they contrarily, stole over 
a ford never before known o any of that country, not far from the 
bridge. The ground was ill for horsemen, yet I served ^lpon them, 
and killed and drowned about forty or fifty of them. The most 
of my horsemen failed me, some by reason they were far absent, 
and some by reason they had no will to fight, which was the Irishry. 
But my own household men, the Earl of Clanricard, and two or 
three of his men, Sir Thomas Le Strange, and his household men, 
and Mr. Barkley, with some five others, sewed with me ; they hurt 
and killed divers of our horses, and some of our men, with a shower 
of arrows, and gat up the mountains. And so we were constrained 
for that time to leave them. They being thus escaped I dismissed 
the Earl, Sir Thomas Le Strange, and all the risings out, for I 
found that the Irishry did me more hurt than good. And with 
the 400 footmen and the garrison horsemen, being about 50, I 
pursued the Scots the next day, and dogged them still, till the supply 
which my Lord Deputy sent me, being 200 footmen and 40 horsemen, 
came to me. 

Now after the Scots had thus passed the bridge of Collooney 
onwards their way toivards the county of Mayo, myself somewhat 
moved with the insufficiency and naughty dealing of the Irish 
forces, which we call risings out, I thought good for that I knew 



it would like them all, to discharge them, and send them home every 
man to his country. For they were to roe a great trouble and 
very chargeable, and during their being in my company, I could 
keep no enterprise secret, as yet but mean men when they come to 
action, as appeared by tliat night, for at the charge they forsook us 
all. A nd after they u-ere thus dismissed home, I removed with my 
own ordinary forces into the barony of Tireragh, which I did 
most chiefly to save the prey of that country which was very great, 
leaving the great mountains of Slewgau on my left hand, which 
before were on my right hand, and marched eight miles deep into 
the said barony, which barony is ttuenty miles long of plain 
ground, and some bog, all along the sea coast, and came to a town 
called Ardglass, where I encamped the second night. And having 
intelligence of mine espials that the enemy encamped on the other 
side of the mountain not far from an abbey called Banned, in a 
marvellous fast and strong ground, I took good guideship with me, 
and passed the same mountains with oil such forces as I had, and 
came to lodge at a town that night called Occonrou [Achonry], a see 
toivn of the Bishop 'Hart's. At my being there, news was brought 
me that the enemy was marching up through Gotten towards the 
inner and civil countries, as that of my Lord Berminghams and the 
country ofRoscommon, whereupon I hasted me, and brought ourselves 
by a great day's march, to a castle called Moyigarie, which castle 
lies to answer the strait in the forefoot of them, which way they 
m.ust pass to the places aforesaid. This I did to prevent tlie harm 
that might have come to the county of Roscommon and the civil 
places of the province, as also in hope to meet with some of the 
supply of forces sent me from my Lord Deputy, having three weeks 
before sent out my men for them. Being arrived at Moyigary, the 
Monday about three in the afternoon, news was brought me from 
my brother, by his subsheriff, that the Vice-president of Munster's 
hundred men, under their leader Lieutenant Hunt, and fifty of 
Sir William Stanley's ivaspast the Curlews, whereupon I despatched 
my messengers to them, and they came in to me the same night. 
The morrow after, being Tuesday, I removed to Castlemore in 
the barony of Costello, a four miles from thence, a place as com- 
modious to answer the service as the other ivas. Here came in to 
me the other jifty of Sir William Stanley's, under their leader 
Lieutenant Jaques, and Jifty of Sir George Bowrchier's under their 
leader Lieutenant Day, and twenty-Jive horsemen of Sir H. 
Harrington's, andjifteen of Mr. Wyngf eld's. These were brought 
in by Captain Green O'Molloy, whom I had sent out a week before 
for that purpose; at this place we should have been somewhat 
distressed for want of beef, had not Captain Woodhouse supplied 
us, whom I had before sent out to seek for some in the plains. 
Here we lay, Tuesday night, and Wednesday, till it was noon, 
before our men could kill their beef and prepare it to refresh 
themselves with, and by the time it was 12 o'clock the espials came 
in, which we had sent out to discover the enemy, who brought us 
news that at their last remove from Cloncai*ne they took their way 
3. M 


., Koa VOL. CXXVI. 


towards Ardnary in the barony of Tireragh, which stands upon 
the bank of the river of Moyne, there thinking to pass over into 
Tyrawly, which was the clean contrary way to the county of Eos- 
common. This being known, we dealt with our guides to bring us 
the nearest way and the secretest, and so marched towards the Abbey 
of Banada, all under the high ^uoods through a pass that is called 
the Litter, and is within the barony of Costello. It was two hours 
in the night before we came to that A bbey of Banada, which is a 
place that stands two miles from the woods into the plains. Here 
our guide, who was Edmund M'Costello, (one that pretended to Jiave 
been M'Costello, but that Theobald Dillon maintained another 
against him), found out a priest, who had that day broken from 
the Scots, who had him prisoner; he brought the said priest to 
myself, who assured me that they were all encamped at Ardnary, 
and were persuading and practising with the Burkes of Tyrawly 
to join with them, making proclamation that the province of 
Connaught was theirs, that I was returned to Roscommon, and 
that all my forces had abandoned me, and therefore such of the 
country as would come to them should be well accepted and have 
no harm. I dealt with this priest to guide me thither, who of 
himself durst not undertake it, but said that if I would send a 
couple of horsemen with him, he would bring me a couple of 
gentlemen who should do it, which were two of the O'Haras, and 
an hour after I came in I sent out the said priest and two horsemen 
with him, who came in to me again about an hour after midnight, 
and brought the two O'Haras with them; which O'Haras did 
presently send out two espials to discover the enemy more certainly, 
and about three of the clsck in the morning we rose, which was 
as soon as the moon gave light, and marched towards a castle 
called Belclare, four miles from thence in the way to the enemy. 
Here came in of the espials to us, who brought us news that the 
Scots lay still encamped at Ardnary, which was 12 miles from 
the Abbey of Bannada, and eight miles from the said castle of 
Belclare. Here the night forsook us, and we forsook the high way 
and took through the mountains, with horsemen, footmen, and 
carriage, carrying all our whole forces as in a " heyrse " together, 
keeping the bottoms and lowest passages, as near as we might by 
circumferend ways, and with as great silence as was possible. This 
mountain was in breadth a four or jive miles, which we passed 
with all our forces about 9 of the clock, and after we had marched 
a mile into the hard ground, and were not above two miles from 
the enemy, we made halt, to have all our forces and baggage to 
come in to us, and there gave order, and direction for the fight, 
leaving the footmen to follow me with a speedy march, and myself 
with the horsemen marched more speedier towards the enemy, and 
about 12 of the clock the same Thursday, being the 23d of September, 
we came within view of the enemy's camp, having sent out before 
half a dozen horsemen to view the ground, and the place where 
they encamped. Upon discovery of which horsemen the Scots issued 
out ranged themselves in order of battle, and marched towards iis 


1586> VOL. CXXVI. 

not thinking our footmen had been near, for they came with great 
silence; whereupon I charged their forward with my horsemen, 
beat tJiem back into their battle, killed many of them, and drew 
tliem into a bog, and yet I still drew backwards by little and little 
to draw tltem to a better ground and caused my shot a horseback 
to light, and keep them play until my loose sJwt came in, and my 
whole battle of footmen, and tJien we all charged them together, 
and overthrew and discomfited their whole force. They fled before 
us to the river side, which was not far from us, where we slew and 
drowned them all, saving fourscore or thereabouts which stripped 
themselves and swam over the river into Tyrawly, leaving their 
weapons and apparel behind them. There were no more of the 
whole forces of Scots that escaped but these, and a hundred or 
fourscore which went the day before into Tyrawly for a prey, with 
certain of the Burkes. Such as escaped from us into Tyrawly 
were since slain in their return and flying towards the North, 
by my brother George Byngham, sheriff of the county of Sligo, and 
the gentlemen 'of those parts. And so also were divers of those who 
went to take the said prey. And their horsemen which were 
foraging for horsemeat whilst the battle was fought, and by means 
thereof escaped, are (as I hear say) slain many of them since, by 
Hugh Maguire and others of their old friends in their return to 
the Erne. The number of their fighting men slain and droumed 
that day, we estimated and numbered to be fourteen or fifteen 
hundred, besides boys, women, churls, and children, which could 
not be so few as so many more and upwards. And this day their 
chief leaders] were slain, viz., James M'Donnell's sons, Donnell 
Gorme, and Alexander Carragh, and all the rest of their leaders 
and the chief Burkes which drew them in. On our side was not 
one man slain by the enemy, but divers hurt and galled. So this 
battle of Ardnary being ended, and the remain of the bad Burkes 
escaped and fled to the North (as I think), all the province, God 
be praised, stands on good and quiet terms, and on better assurance 
than heretofore. 

Her Majesty sJiallnot be at any extraordinary charges for any of 
these services, nor the country neither, saving such as have in some 
sort or other offended in this action. And yet at this overthrow 
I had none but such as were entertained soldiers, viz., mine own 
hundred under their leader, my brother John Byngham, a hundred 
under Captain Mordant, a hundred under Captain Merriman, a 
hundred under Captain Wm. Mostyn, which three bands I levied 
within the province; a hundred of Mr. Thomas Norreys's, vice- 
president of Munster, a hundred of Sir William Stanley's, and 
fifty of Sir George Bawrchier's; being in name 650 and in account 
by pole about 500, besides 50 horsemen of the province, and 40 sent 
me by my Lord Deputy. This is a true discourse of all this my 
last journey and of tJie overthrow of the Scots, which although it be 
long to read, yet I hope it shall not be displeasant unto your Honor to 
understand (the good event thereof considered). I commend the good 
construction of these things to your honorable devotion. Indorsed, 
Services done in Connaught by Sir Richard Byngham. pp. 16. 

M 2 


1586. - CXXYL 

Oct. 17. 54. John Lord Castle Connell to Secretary Davison. For the loan 
of IQl. or 121. His sickness, p. 1. 

Oct. 17. 55. James Golde to Burghley. In the letter signed by Sir Henry 
Cork. Wallop and by us in the commission for this county, directed from 
.Youghal to your Honor and the rest of the Lords, the reasons were 
comprehended, which deferred our travail for bounding and assigning 
the seignories until the spring. Since the writing whereof Sir Henry 
"Wallop returned to Dublin, and Mr. Vice-president Thomas Norreys, 
Mr. Justice Jesse Smythes,j Mr. Wiseman, and I, came hither to 
inquire for Her Majesty, and to put things which hitherto have 
been doubtful into certainty, to the end Her Highness' demesnes 
being singled out from the country people's, the measurers may 
know what they ought to mete, and that we may not do wrong to 
any at our appointing of the said lordships. But truly I fiiid Her 
Majesty's title to some things subject to traverses, petitions, and 
such remedies, which may hereafter breed discontentment, either in 
the undertakers or in the now inhabitant, unless in the meantime 
it be determined, whereof I thought it my duty to advertise your 
honourable good Lordship. When we shall have done here we 
intend to repair into the county of Limerick, and thence into Kerry, 
and the meters to follow as the weather will license their measuring. 
The cause of my long silence without writing to your Honour pro- 
ceeded of lack of matter, because I was not of long time until now 
employed towards Her Highness's service, p. 1. 

Oct. 18. 56. Vice-president Thomas Norreys to the Privy Council. I 
Cork. received of late a letter from the Lord Deputy, together with the 
copy of another inclosed from your Honors to his Lordship, which 
for that it concerned this province, and that the danger of the time 
doth also require it, I am the rather emboldened to presume in part 
to answer the same. It seemeth that your Honors have been of late 
advertised of some foreign preparations, and doubting lest it might 
tend to the disturbance of any of Her Majesty's dominions, have 
commanded wary heed to be taken throughout the whole realm, 
specially to those parts of this province that lie most open to 
invasion. At my last being at Dublin, as also by divers letters 
formerly sent to the Lord Deputy, I did at large advertise the 
estate of this province, and particularly set down such wants and 
inconveniences as it is chiefly subject unto, hoping by his Lordship's 
means to be relieved. But since nothing as yet hath been done for 
redress thereof, and that your Honors' letters do import the like- 
lihood of some disquiet, I hold it my duty to make known unto 
your Honors the whole estate thereof. 

There hath been of long time within this province only mine own 
band, with fifty of Sir William Stanley's, which having been drawn 
into Connaught by the Lord Deputy for the service there against the 
Scots, are now returned, and I understand by his Lordship that his 
purpose is to send hither two other bands, which companies] when 
they are together, how much they are able to prevail against the 
descent of foreign forces (if it should so happen) [I submit to your 
Lordships'] grave considerations. Victuals to maintain them within 


158G. VOL - CXXVL 

the province Her Majesty hath not any at all. Such powder as was 
remaining at Cork and Waterford, whereof there was some reason- 
able store, either by long keeping or the slender care of such as should 
have preserved it, is grown altogether unserviceable ; and of other 
munition or furniture there is not any at all. It may be thought 
necessary that general musters be taken throughout the whole 
country, and all men commanded to have in a readiness weapons 
fit for them ; but for that I fear lest it should breed in some of their 
minds an expectation of that they wish for, and also fearing lest 
according to their accustomed disloyalty they should rather join to 
disturb the good quiet they now live in, than frame themselves to 
withstand any invasion, I have hitherto forborne to take that course 
with them. There is near unto the haven of Kinsale a neck of land 
by nature very strong, and easy to be fortified for defence of that 
place, as by your Honours' letters it seemeth you have already been 
informed, but being at this time destitute of all things fit for such a 
purpose, and for that there are all along the coast divers other places 
lying open, which cannot without long time and great charge be 
defended. Under your Honours' reformation I hold it the speediest 
and best means for defence of the country, that some convenient 
garrison may be here residing, which at all times, as occasion shall 
serve, may be ready to answer all places, for that, as it is not unknown 
to your Honours, small numbers at the firsi arrival shall be more able 
to prevail than great forces afterwards. 

Within all the cities of this province Her Majesty hath not any 
fort or citadel, save only the Castle of Limerick, which now hath no 
ward at all maintained in it, more than a constable and a porter, 
and the place itself so greatly decayed, and the ordnance thereunto 
belonging so far out of order, as it serveth to little purpose. I cannot 
judge but well of the townsmen, for that their actions hitherto have 
not much deserved the contraiy, but considering their most obstinate 
contrariety in religion, and the inward affection that they have 
always borne to the Spaniard, which as well by their several former 
actions as by the continual trade, and free intercourse that they have 
with them at this day may appear, I do think it somewhat dangerous 
that too much trust be reposed in them, especially if they may have 
it to allege for their excuse, that Her Majesty hath not here forces 
to defend them. 

Certain suspected persons in this province, your Honors think fit 
should for a time be restrained of their liberty. Since I have had 
charge over them I have observed, that although they have severally, 
as occasion did lead them, made their repair unto me, yet could I 
never see that they would all together present themselves in any 
assembly of sessions or otherwise. If I should attach some of them it 
may be doubted how the rest will behave themselves, and to send for 
them all together, I fear it would drive them into a general " suspecte." 
I have by my letters entreated the Lord Deputy, upon some colour- 
able occasion to send for some of them to Dublin, where being, his 
Lordship may easily make stay of them at his pleasure, and I the 
better light upon the rest here remaining. So soon as I shall receive 




his Honor's resolution therein I will proceed accordingly. The pro- 
vince resteth now in perfect quiet, neither troubled with any open 
outrages or privy stealths, which estate I doubt not but it shall be 
continued in to your Honor's good liking, unless by some extra- 
ordinary accident it happen to be disturbed. 

Indorsed : From the Vice-president of Munster to the Lords. Of 
the state of that province. To have his lacks supplied of men, 
munition, and victuals for the defence of that country against foreign 
invasion in case any should happen. Entred. pp. 2. 

Oct. 18. 57. Sir Richard Byngham to the right worshipful my very 
Roscommon. loving friend Sir Henry Wallop, knight, Vice-Treasurer and Trea- 
surer at Wars in Ireland. Sir, I have received your letter dated 
at Enniscorthy the 12th of this month, wherein you are desirous 
to understand from me the cause of my Lord Deputy's repair into 
this province (the service being here ended before he came near to 
the same). I assure you, Sir, the only cause hereof was, for aught 
that I can learn, an earnest desire that he had to hear complaints, 
and to gather matter against me, whereby he might have made me 
the author of the stirs and broils late commoted by the Burkes, for 
the which purpose the inferior ministers employed in this action, 
viz., Barkley, Theobald Dillon, Ricard Oge M'Jonyn, and such 
like, ceased not to solicit the country on all hands to come to 
Galway to exhibit their complaints against me. But as I was 
altogether free from that offence, so was I altogether left untouched 
witli any such complaints, which, falling out contrary to my Lord 
Deputy's expectation, forced his Lordship to fall into an unquiet 
fever, whereof he lay sick certain days in Galway. His Lordship 
might have been satisfied in this matter at Dublin, and needed 
not to have come into Connaught for it, for he hath seen the 
articles exhibited by the Burkes when they were in the action, 
containing the cause of their grief, and the sum of their demands 
to be for a M 'William. The same also appeareth in their sub- 
missions, and in the several petitions which they have exhibited to 
me ; nevertheless you shall understand by the way that the counsel 
and cautions given them by Barkley and Dillon, was no small 
mean to lead them into the action, and to persist in the same, as 
by many and very sufficient examinations appeareth, which here- 
after you shall see. If my Lord Deputy could have found any 
matter to his liking against me, and taken but a little hold on my 
coat, then I think he would have proceeded with the practice 
which in your letter you touch by the way, for he had here fit 
instruments for his purpose, Sir Lucas Dillon and Sir Nicholas 
White. [Daniel Neylan], the Bishop of Kildare, Sir Edward Moore, 
Captain Williams, and Captain Brabazon, also attended his Lord- 
ship. The cause why he altered his course after your departure 
from Dublin shall appear unto you by the copy of Justice Gar- 
dener's letters, which 1 do here inclosed send you (i.e. Wallop). I 
assure you, Sir, he hath not only done no good at all here in any 
matter and lost us a great time, wherein we might have settled 



all things in order after the service, but hath so charged the 
country with his horsemen and footmen, as the like was not used 
here for the time, these many years ; they have so exacted in taking 
meat, drink, and money, as one man's charges here hath been a 
hundred marks in five or six days, and some others have been 
charged SQL, some 201., some more and some less, so as such as 
had their money ready to have paid the composition rents are now 
behind with it, by reason his train have consumed the same. Also 
he hath taken up his beeves at nine shillings a beef, contrary to 
the composition; and yet for all he hath thus rent and torn the 
composition himself, he hath proclaimed in all places where he was 
that if I took up any beeves and paid not the country according to 
the composition, they should complain to him and he would see 
them to have remedy. 

Sir, because it shall appear unto you what the whole charges of 
the last journey against the Burkes and the Scots came unto extra- 
ordinarily, I have sent you hereinclosed the note of it. All which I 
have defrayed and taken order to discharge, so as Her Majesty shall 
not be at one penny charge for those services, and yet the country 
shall not be burdened therewith, for the goods taken from rebels 
and their relievers shall satisfy it. Now when you have seen the 
services by me done without any charge to Her Majesty or burden 
to the country, (for I never in all the services cessed any man on the 
country), then I pray you compare with it the allowance my Lord 
Deputy and his attendants must have, and a thousand marks which 
it hath cost the country here in cessing his company, and then you 
shall see whether it would not have been better he had stayed still 
at Dublin. Well, Sir, I hope to see you myself shortly at Dublin, 
and therefore I leave other matters till then. I was crazed during 
my Lord Deputy's remain in the province, and therefore was forced 
to stay at Roscommon, and could not attend on his Lordship, so as 
Theobald Dillon is not yet answered to his complaints for his prey. 
It shall be better heard at Dublin at the indifferent table. I send 
you hereinclosed a discourse of all my last journey against the 
Burkes and Scots, the which shall acquaint you the better with all 
our doings here, wherein although you hear but 1,500 or 1,600 to 
be named which were slain, yet you shall understand that of boys, 
women, and children, there were slain and drowned well nigh as 
many more, and such as escaped were since by my brother George 
and the gentlemen of the country slain, so as in all were despatched 
above three thousand, for a great number that we knew not of 
have been found in the river and on the seashore since the over- 
throw. I am right heartily sorry that you are troubled with that 
bad disease the gout, and do hope you shall find ease and remedy 
for it. I hope also I shall meet you at Dublin about a month 
hence, or else I should be sorry to want so good a friend there. I 
wish you health, and so with my hearty commendations to 
yourself and my Lady Wallop I take leave. I have stayed your 
messenger somewhat long, because Sponder was at the Boyle, and 



he bad some occasion of business to him, as he told me. [Original, 
pp. 2$. 

Indorsed : Sir Richard ByngJiam, with the discourse of his ser- 
vice against the Burkes and Scots inclosed. N.B. The discourse is 
. wanting, but see one sent to Burghley in Oct. 6. Incloses, 

57. i. Note of the extraordinary charges of the journey and 
services against the Burkes of the county of Mayo, and the Scots 
who invaded the province of Connaught in July, August, and 
September 1586, disbursed by Sir Richard Byngham, &c. Due 
unto the whole companies, viz., to Captain Mordant for himself at 
4s. per diem, his lieutenant at 2s. per diem, three officers at 12d. 
le piece, per diem, for four score and twelve days, beginning the 
first day of July 1586, and ending the last of September 1586, 
348?. Is. 4c?. ; Captain Merriman, for himself and the like com- 
pany, at the said rates and for the said time, 348?. Is. 4>d. ; Captain 
Mostyn, for himself and the like company, at the said rates and 
for the said time, 348?. Is. 4c?. ; John Newton, scoutmaster, for 
himself and seven horsemen, at 12d. le piece per diem for the said 
time, 36?. 16s.; Richard Betaugh, guide master, - for himself and 
seven horsemen, at 12c?. le piece per diem for the said time, 36?. 16s. ; 
David Misset, carriage master, for himself, at 12c?. sterling per 
diem for the said time, 4?. 12s. Sum total, 1,122?. 8s. 

This sum of 1,122?. 8s. aforesaid, besides the payment of the 
entertainment of 700 kerne, or thereabouts, and divers other sums 
extraordinarily in this journey hath been borne and sustained, out 
of such booty and prey cattle as have been taken from the enemy, 
or else cut upon their countries. And yet Her M ajesty's composi- 
tion rents nothing abated, nor Her Highness herein anything at 
all charged. 

The charges also of the winning of the castle of Cloon-oan, that 
strong pile, and the execution of that notable traitor Mahon O'Brien 
and his accomplices, together luith the charges of the razing of 
Castle Ne Callye [Hag's Castle'] and Thomas Roe's castle, and 
Ferriaghe M'Donnell's castle, hath been supported and borne by the 
country in such indifferent sort, as neither themselves are thereat 
aggrieved, nor Her Majesty put to any penny charge extraordinarily 
for those good services, p. 1. 

Oct. 21. 58. A brief note of the number of men, calivers, bows, armour, 
and other artillery, within the city of Dublin, given to the Right 
Honorable the Lord Deputy, the 21st of October anno regni 
dominse Reginse nostrae Elizabeth se 28. There are in the city 
and suburbs of Dublin the number of 1,200 men and upwards ; 
whereof, there are 250 furnished with calivers, 300 with bows, 
100 pikemen furnished with pikes, corselets, and coats of defence, 
550 men furnished with halberds, head pieces, swords, and targets. 
There is in the city store, twelve hundred weight of powder. Great 
pieces, Item 6 slings of iron, 6 bases of iron, 1 Portingale base of 
brass, 5 rabonets of brass, 1 fauconet of brass. 1 double base of iron, 
4 minions of brass. Indorsed : The forces of the city of Dublin, p f . 



Oct. 22. 


Oct. 24. 

Oct. 25. 
Oct. 25. 

Oct. 25. 

Oct. 27. 



59. Lord Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Burghley. Where Her 
Majesty at the suit of Sir Heiiry Wallop and myself, in the time 
of our joint government, as Justices of this realm, granted unto the 
Bishop of Rosscarbery, the Bishoprick of Cork and Cloyne in com- 
raendam, for his better stay in those parts, Rosscarbery of itself 
being of little value, and in so desolate and barbarous a place, 
as is not fit for an Englishman, especially one of his sort, to dwell 
in. And although Cork and Cloyne have not been worth 30?. a 
year unto him, saving the conveniency of his dwelling, in so civil 
a place as Cork, which he esteemeth most, and where he may do and 
doth, according to the measure of his gift, much good to the further- 
ance of religion ; yet for that his commendam is at Her Majesty's 
will and pleasure in these words, donee per nos aliter prselatus 
fuerit, vel quousque nostra voluntas dictis Justiciariis nostris vel 
alio principali gubernatori sive gubernatoribus nostris ejusdem 
regni nostri HibernisB pro tern pore existentibus ulterius in eadem 
causa significata fuerit, he feareth there is some will go about, by 
obtaining Her Majesty's letters to avoid his commendam. And 
therefore I thought it good, being acquainted with the honesty of 
the man, and certainly knowing it would be his undoing, humbly 
to beseech your Lordship to be a mean to Her Majesty that he may 
have his commendam renewed during his life, or that standing 
as it doth, your Lordship would have that care of him that it be 
granted to no other. Indorsed : Archbishop of Dublin, for the 
renewing of the Bishop of Rosscarbery's commendam of the 
Bishopricks of Cork and Cloyne. p. 1. 

60. Petition of Joan Drinckell, wife of Edward Drynckell, to 
Burghley, for payment of 44?. 18s. 6d. due to her husband upon his 
entertainment as a pensioner in Ireland, p. 1. 

61. Petition of John Cole to Lord Burghley for payment of 1601. 
due to Capt. Henry Duke. p. 1. 

62. Petition of Thomas Richards to Lord Burghley for payment 
of 600?. remainder of 800?. due to his master, Sir William Collier. 
p. 1. 

63. Petition of Stephen Borram, of Dublin, merchant, to Burghley, 
for payment of monies out of the new Privy Seal. p. 1. 

64. Lord Deputy Perrot to the Privy Council. We are given 
to understand, through the occasion of calling in of Her Majesty's 
debts, that one William Clerke, a brother-in-law to Serjeant Snagg, 
obtaining the office of Her Highness' clerk of First Fruits in this 
land, in time of the latter Government of Sir Henry Sydney, 
received great sums of money to Her Majesty's use, and departed 
from hence with Mr. Snagg without yielding any account of his 
receipts to Her Majesty during the time of his exercising of that 
office ; of which matter we have thought it right to advertise your 
Lordships, that Clerke remaining, as he doth still in England, in 
Bedfordshire (as is said) with Mr. Snagg, your Honors, by calling 
him there before you, may please to take such order with him for 


1586. VOL - CXXVL 

finishing of his accounts, there or here, concerning his aforesaid 
receipts, as may best like your Lordships to give direction therein. 

Oct. 27. 65. Petition of John Lukar to Burghley, for payment of 178?. 
for rye taken up at Dublin and Waterford. p. 1. 

Oct. 28. 66. Sir Valentine Browne to Burghley. Knowing your Honour's 
Hogsdon. great cafes in hand for all our goods, which God the Almighty bless, 
I do forbear to solicit your Lordship's furtherance in the causes that 
myself and Sir William Herbert have, touching the delivery of the 
possession unto us of those lands we have for our portions under- 
taken to people and inhabit in Kerry and Desmond, and wherewith 
we stand charged not only to Her Majesty since Michaelmas last 
past, but to our great burthen with 50 or 60 English people sent 
thither upon Her Majesty's grant to us made, wherewith upon any 
convenient opportunity, we cannot but earnestly crave your 
accustomed good favours, for so it standeth us upon, having been 
more forward to give entrance to that action at our charges than 
any of the rest who have dealt in the same. Our possession can 
little avail us, if afterwards we should not obtain Her Highness' 
letters patent, which we are contented maybe stayed till the surveys 
be ended, being the only ground-work of otir plantation, whereunto 
our request shall open the passage to the encouragement of others, 
who by reason of the tract of time in the beginning are now with 
the winter grown more cold. I was a suitor for a debt owing to 
Mildred Hopwood, widow, in Ireland^ whereupon I thank your 
Lordship there was an assignment made in July last of 137?. 19s. 2d 
So as there yet remaineth due unto her 300?. as by a debenture 
thereof, from Mr. Robert Petre, appeareth, and therefore the poor 
gentlewoman's necessity so urging, I eftsoons on her behalf humbly 
beseech your Lordship to extend your like good consideration to 
appoint the payment of the rest of the said debenture at this time. 


Oct. 28. 67. The entertainments of Sir Richard Byngham, knight, Chief 
Commissioner of Connaught and Thomond, and the perquisites of 
his office, valued by the Lord Deputy at 1,941?. 12s. 4c?., are here 
truly laid down, and amount nothing like to so high a sum. 

My fee. First, whereas his Lordship saith that I have 100?. per 
annum for my fee, I do confess that I have yearly for my said fee 

Diet money. Also where he saith I have 10s. per diem for the 
diet of myself and the Council, I confess I have so much, which is 
per annum, 182?. 10s. 

Mine increase of 6s. 8d. per diem. Also where he saith 1 have an 
increase of 6s. 8d. per diem, I confess that I have so much, but not 
by his means, for I had the same by order in England, amounting, 
per annum, to 121?. 13s. 4d [Say his Lordship was a mean for 
this increase of 6s. 8d. per diem for me ; it was a very small 
countervail to 25 horsemen and 50 footmen which he took from 



My 25 horsemen. "Whereas he saith I have 25 horsemen allowed 
to me, with the moiety of the officers of 50 horsemen, I confess the 
same. But where he saith they are all my own household servants, 
for that at the muster taken by Captain Williams, the muster 
master, at Roscommon, of my said horsemen, he found that there 
were not half, nor scarce the third part of them, my household men, 
I may well deny it, and yet I have household servants enough to 
furnish out almost two such bands, if they had been all my 
household servants, yet (all things well accounted) I should find 
it no great benefit to entertain them so. For accounting 51. for a 
man's wages, then his livery, his diet, and lodging, and his horse 
and furniture, I am sure I should save nothing by it, at the year's 
end. As for the moiety of the officers of 50 horsemen, I give them 
the entertainments which serve in those rooms, and therefore I must 
strike out this, 547?. 10s. per annum, which my Lord saith I gain to 
myself, for it falls out to be Nil. 

My footmen. Where he layeth down that I have the benefit of 
the wages of a captain of 100 footmen, at 4s. per diem, a petty 
captain at 2s., and six dead pays, at 8d. le piece per diem, in toto 
10s. per diem, and 182?. 10s. per annum. It is not unknown to 
Captain Williams that he mustered a full 100 men and more, and 
he mustered the lieutenant and all other officers of that company, 
which officers have the due entertainments allowed them. The 
captain also, that now is my brother, John Byngham, hath the 
captain's pay of 4s. per diem. And before he came over, I gave it 
to Captain Mordant. But I had not the whole charge of 100 till the 
1st of May 1585 ; Captain Williams had the one half, till by order 
out of England they were put over to me ; yet were they not put 
over to me so soon as they should have been by that order, by four 
months ; and then also before I had them, I was fain to pay 
Captain Williams a hundred marks for his good-will. Thus it ap- 
peareth I do benefit nothing by captain's or lieutenant's pay, nor 
yet by dead pays. Although I allow seven or eight gentlemen pays 
in the company. So as this 182?. 10s. per annum must fall out to 
be Nil. 

My further increase of 40?. per annum. Whereas he saith I have 
"40?. per annum which was the Marshall's fee, and that Francis 
Barkley was contented to forego it when the 25 horsemen were 
annexed to his office, I confess that I have it. But I would I had 
given Francis Barkley twice 40?. per annum, that I had had the 
said 25 horsemen, as it was ordered in England, were it but only for 
the benefit of Her Majesty's service, of which company the state, 
and myself stand as it were robbed. But after the rate that Francis 
Barkley hireth his men, viz., for 1 0?. le piece per annum, and yet 
keepeth but 15 or 16 of his 25, I cannot blame him to forego 40?. a 
year, for by this means he gaineth and getteth above 200?. per 
annum. This 40?. also I had but in March last, yet let it be charged 
as parcel of mine entertainments, 40?. 

The increase of my diet money. Whereas he saith I have 
towards the amendment of my diet per diem, 3s. 4>d. per annum, 



60?. 16s. 8^. I do confess I have so much And yet in respect 
thereof his Lordship tieth me to diet Francis Barkley, and two men 
to attend him, nevertheless, let it be parcel of mine allowance. For 
I will so reckon it, although it benefiteth little, 60?. 13s. 8d. 

My allowance for fuel. Whereas he saitli I have 100?. per annum 
towards my fuel and carriage, I confess I have so indeed. And as 
his Lordship saith well, it is but towards my fuel and carriages, for 
so much more will scarce suffice me in the place where I now dwell. 
By the old composition I was to have labourers and garrons through 
the whole province in a far greater number than would suffice me 
for my fuel and carriages, all which by this last composition is clean 
taken away. So as now I am so far from having benefit by the 
said allowance of 100?. per annum, that I have rather hindrance 
100?. per annum than any commodity at all. And therefore this 
100?. must fall out to be Nil. 

The house and lands of Roscommon. Whereas he saith that the 
castle, ward, lordship, and demesne of Roscommon is worth to me 
yearly more than I pay for it, by 140?. I will first lay down the 
rents and charges I pay and sustain for the same, and then the rents 
and commodities I receive out of the same. By comparing of which 
both together the truth shall appear. I pay yearly into the 
Exchequer for the lordship and the abbey, 23 9s. 4>d. I pay yearly 
to young Malbie, 7?. I pay to my Lord Deputy over and above the 
said rents, 80?., 110?. 9s. 4d. I pay the entertainments of a constable 
at 2s. per diem, a porter at 12d per diem, and 10 warders at 6d. le 
piece per diem, in toto per diem, 8s., per annum, 146?. So pay I, 
and bear I, yearly in all, 256?. 9s. 4c?. I receive yearly out of 89 
quarters of land belonging to the said house after 30s. the quarter, 
which is the rent due, 133?. I receive out of the parsonages belong- 
ing to the abbey 55 pecks of wheat and 59 pecks of beire, which 
after 4s. the peck amounteth to 22?. I Os. ; and 92 pecks of oats, 
which amounteth to 4?. 12s. after 12d the peck, and 240 yards of 
linnen cloth which, after 2d. the yard, amounteth to 40s., and out of 
the rents of the town about 20?. And so all that is remaining is 
182?. 2s., which being abstracted from the sum of 256?. 9s. 4c?., I 
pay yearly for my house rent, 74?. 7s. 4d. The customs and services 
of the said lordship are worth to me nothing, and therefore I gain 
by Roscommon Nil. 

The Abbey of Boyle. Where lie saith the Abbey of Boyle now 
is, and shortly will be, worth to me above the yearly rent, yearly 
66?. 13s. 4c?. you shall understand that to the said abbey belongeth 
23 quarters of land, which I let to farm for 20s. a quarter. All the 
tithe of it is not worth to me above 3?. per annum. There are two 
granges in Sligo, which yield about 8?. per annum, and a grange or 
two in O'Rourk's country which yield nothing. And so the whole 
that I receive yearly is but 34?., and yet of that, indeed, I receive 
little more than one-half, for my servants and soldiers are tenants 
to it, who look to have it free. I pay yearly into the Exchequer for 
rent about 12?. I pay for the composition rent 11?. And I paid 


1586. VoL.CXXVI. 

Mr. Usher for two years past over and above the said rents 20?., 
so have I paid yearly hitherto 33?. ; so all things accounted, this is 
not yet worth anything to me, what it will be I know not, but I 
think it will be nothing worth this five years, and therefore it shall 
be cast out, Nil. [The chiefest things of this, are granted to men 
of Athenry and Galway.] 

The castle and lands of Ballimote. Whereas he saith that the 
castle of Ballimote, with the barony of Corren, and 23 quarters of 
land, are worth above the rent, towards the maintenance of the 
ward, 100?. It appears by the word towards, that his Lordship 
intendeth 100?. is not sufficient to maintain the said ward, yet 
because it is laid down to be worth 100?. per annum (which with 
the composition rent that is paid, viz., 10s. out of every quarter of 
land), I answer and say that it falleth out to be a very dear rent, 
for no man that I know will give above 20s. for a quarter of it, 
and pay the composition rent. And so the 23 quarters shall yield 
but 23?., too small a sum to defray the charges of a ward there. 
Yet after I. had to my no small charges won it, I did at my own 
charge maintain a constable and ward there a long time before the 
land was worth 20s. a quarter, and never had penny allowed me 
for the same. And such rents as are collected out of the barony 
of Corren, I am accountable for it, so that I have been a great loser 
by it, and therefore must say that this benefit of 100?. falls out to 
be less than nothing, Nil. 

The provisions for my house. And whereas he saith that by his 
sufferance I have beef at 13s. 4d. le piece, porks at 2s. 6c?., and 
muttons at 12df. le piece. And all other small acates at the rates of 
the prerogative, valued towards the finding of my house 300?. 
yearly. I think that all reasonable men who shall look into this, 
and shall know that all mine entertainments amount but 500?. per 
annum, will find the error so gross, that they will not expect the 
further confutation of it. For if it were so, that I should spend 
all my entertainments in beef, porks, muttons, and such like, and 
give but 6s. 8d. for a beef, lot?, for a pork, and Gd. for a mutton, 
yet the benefit could not be so great as he hath set it down, viz., 
800?. per annum. But whereas his Lordship saith that I have 
these things so good cheap by his permission, as though it were a 
new favour, never granted to any here before, and as though I had 
some great benefit by it indeed. I must needs tell his Lordship 
that the governors of this province have heretofore had their 
provisions continually after the rates of the prerogative, when their 
beeves cost them but 9s. (after which rate his Lordship yet hath 
them). But I am forced by the composition to pay 1 3s. 4d. for a 
beef, whereas for my ready money I can buy at seasonable times 
for 12s. a beef in many places of the province. And as for porks 
nnd muttons, I cannot spend so many as I can weekly buy at 
Ballymote market for 2s. GcZ. a pork and 12c?. a mutton. Truly I 
have such a benefit by having beefs for 13s. 4id. a piece, that when 
they are brought into me as parcel of the composition rent, I pay 
and deliver them presently to such as serve here ) in part of their 


1586. ' CXXVL 

entertainments, and am glad to be rid of them so. Oh then ! What a 
great benefit and bargain I have of this. It is even Nil. 

Fines, amerciaments, escheats, and casualties. Lastly. To close 
up all the rest. The fines of pardons, the amerciaments, forfeitures, 
escheats, and other casualties of this province, are brought in as 
unaccounted for. Whereunto I must answer, quid defertur non 
aufertur. Although they be not accounted for, they must be 
accounted for. And there have been none such received here, but 
they are set down under the hand of Gerald Comerford, Her 
Majesty's attorney of this province, and John Moore, clerk of the 
Crown, who gathered the same and paid it over to Mr. Marbury, 
one of Her Majesty's Council here, at whose hands I received the 
same and must be accountable for it. And therefore I can have no 
benefit by it, more than by receiving the revenue and composition 
rent, which commonly I receive with the one hand and pay out 
again with the other, to such as by the establishment are to receive 
the same. And lest that it might be thought to rest in me to 
bestow and give in reward any of the said fines and casualties, 
I am so far from having any such power, as I cannot bestow on any 
man about me, the meanest office of the province, nor anything at 
all which is in the Queen's gift, for all is too little for his Lordship 
and his men. The suitor is fed with fair words till the thing he 
demandeth be well known to be in his Lordship's disposing, and 
that it is worth something, and then he bestoweth it on some of 
his own men, yea sometimes when he hath passed his hand to the 
contrary before. So that such as I prefer in like suits are still 
made instruments to further his men ; and I and mine beat the 
bushes, and he and his catch the birds. So far therefore am I from 
having benefit by the fines, amerciaments, and casualties, that I get 
thereby Nil. 

Summa totalis. The whole of mine yearly entertainments as 
before is laid down, amounteth to 5051. 

Indorsed : A view of Sir Richard Byngham's entertainments the 
28th of October 1586, whereby appeareth, though the Deputy 
pretendeth him to have 1,941?. by year, yet in truth, the same is 
but 505?. only, by year. pp. 6. 

Oct. 29. 68. Petition of Edmund English (servant to Mr. Petre) to 
Burghley, for pajnnent of 155?. 7s. 5d. due to Mr. Richard Zouche, a 
servitor in Ireland, p. 1. 

Oct. 30. 69. [Burghley] to Mr. Petre, for payments to certain Irish suitors. 

My house, p J f 
near the Savoy. 

Oct. SO. 70. Petition of John Davenaent to Burghley, for payment of 
180?. 5s. for money and wares disbursed to servitors in Ireland. 

Oct. 31. 71. Geff. Fenton to Burghley. Since my repair into this province, 

Cork. which is now a month and more, and after conference had with 

the Yice-president touching some principal points for the present 

service, I thought it best to make a circuit along the sea-coasts, to 



search the havens and creeks and to lay espial upon every part for 
discovery, but chiefly to assure as much as I could, the people in- 
habiting the maritime parts, being for many respects to be doubted 
most. In the meanwhile, the Vice-president was to be occupied 
about the surveys and the services incident thereunto, the rather 
for that here is no other of the quorum but he, the Treasurer having 
left the country so soon as I entered, and Sir Valentine Browne 
remaining still in England. 

I began my circuit at Waterford, and continued it till I came to 
Cape Clear, being not able to pass further for the ways which were 
impassable by land, and the weather very tempestuous by sea, and 
yet not so much as a pinnace to transport me. In this tract I found 
the principal gentlemen and captains of countries, possessed of an 
intelligence that a navy of Spanish ships, lately prepared in Biscay, 
were fallen down to the coast of Brittany, with intention to pass for 
Rochelle. And that the fugitives of Ireland, as well the priests as 
gentlemen, were drawn down to the sea-coasts in Spain, to be em- 
barked for some attempt upon this land ; and were enabled there- 
unto with money and men. Amongst whom, the better to continue 
the exploit, they told me that the Pope had lately created a new 
Earl of Desmond, and another Viscount of Baltinglas, the one a 
Geraldine, though in a remote degree, and the other a brother to the 
late Viscount, the Revolt : but I answered these points and left them 
fully satisfied. And withal not a little comforted that Her Majesty 
in so doubtful a time, had care of their safety, in sending one of 
purpose to be at hand with them in all events. 

From Waterford to this place, is less danger for descent of 
strangers, than from this port westward [in margin by Burghley 
Capcler], and therefore I forbear to trouble your Lordship with 
describing the particular harbours in that tract, for that they are 
less doubtful than the others, both by their situation and fidelity 
of the people. But to begin with Kinsale ; the place supposed by 
your Lordships, in your advertisement to the Lord Deputy, to be of 
most peril in that port, I think to be Rincorran, a castle of Sir 
Thomas Barry alias Barry Oge. It standeth upon the seaside, 
almost in the midway between the haven mouth and the town, but 
more apt to scour the harbour up to the town than to defend the 
mouth or entrance of the haven, for that it is somewhat too far off, 
and hath need of a bulwark to be made upon the westerly point, 
to serve that turn. A little without the town is a bulwark, afore- 
time begun by Sir Henry Sydney, and not as yet finished, which being 
perfected will suffice, together with the other to be placed upon the 
westerly point, to command the harbour and defend it. Many harms 
have been done of late to the town of Kinsale by pirates and men of 
war, by reason the haven is open without defence, and they fear, and in 
reason it is to be doubted, that if any descent of strangers be, it 
will fall there, the rather for the weakness of the haven, and that 
there is a town to receive them which is not able to make resistance. 
I conferred with the principal men of the town, what they would 
contribute to the building of a bulwark at the mouth of the haven, 



and finishing the other that is almost done, but they objected the 
poverty of the town, which I see is such as they can yield no other 
help than digging of stones, and to draw them to the place. If 
there could be spared 60?. or SQL of the fines a.nd issues of this 
province, I think it would suffice to perfect both the bulwark, and 
also raise a rampart or platform at one coigne of the said castle of 
Bincorran, which would flank both the haven mouth and all the 
harbour up to the town, and truly without this fortification there 
can be no surety made of the town and haven of Kinsale. 

Castlehaven and Glandore, alias Dutnhaven, are the next to this, 
and lie by west the Old Head of Kinsale, where I also was and. 
viewed it at large. They lie one near another, being divided but 
by a small neck of land, which nevertheless doth not impeach them 
but that they may succour and relieve one another. Their entry or 
mouth is somewhat large, but yet a bulwark placed upon the 
easterly point of either of them may defend them and make it too 
hot for ships to enter. Their harbours within, but chiefly that of 
Castlehaven, are large, and draw great water, a good space up into 
the land, with castles of either side the shore to answer any turn 
either with or against Her Majesty, as they shall be possessed and 
employed. If the time continue doubtful for foreign invasion, it 
were to good purpose that these castles were taken for Her Majesty, 
till the danger be past, for that if they should fall into the hands of 
the enemy, I see not how they might be recovered by any service 
or attempt by land, the ways being inaccessible either for horse 
or great artillery, and almost for men to march on foot by reason 
of rocks and mountainous ground full of difficulties. 

At Baltimore, which lieth under Cape Clear, the entry of the 
haven is somewhat " more narrower " than that of Castlehaven, and 
therefore more commodious to be fortified with one bulwark only at 
the easterly point, and though the harbour within be large and 
spacious, and ships being once entered may by a natural benefit 
of the place, pass through into the sea by another outleap, as the 
seamen term it, yet by reason of an abbey and castle upon the 
island of Inisherkan within the harbour, which may be made to 
flank from the one end of the harbour to the other with small 
charges, ships cannot ride there in safety though they escape the 
danger of the bulwark at the entry. The abbey within the island 
of Inisherkan is Her Majesty's, and the castle belongeth to one of 
the O'Driscols, kinsman and follower to Sir Finnin O'Driscol, by 
whom I learned it would not be hard for Her Majesty to have that 
castle, if it should be required for any necessity of service. 

Next to this is Crook Haven, lying under the Mizenhead and 
hath by west it Beare Haven, but I could not pass thither for the 
impediments aforementioned, yet I sent a foot messenger for Sir 
Owen O'Sullivan to come to me at my return to Cork, which he 
did, and there I gave him some necessary instructions for his better 
government in this doubtful time. I perceive by him that both the 
Earl of Clancar and he are desirous to repair into England, and if 
they would not be troublesome to Her Majesty with suits, it were not 


158C. VOL - CXXVL 

amiss they were licensed, and lingered there for a time upon general 
hopes, till these foreign doubts were passed over, for assuredly they 
are men likely to give way to invasion, if they find the advantage 
of the time to serve thereunto. 

I am driven to draw out this letter at more length than either I 
would, or is meet for your Lordship's ease to read it, yet I hope your 
Lordship will consider how much tediousness is to be borne withall 
in such declarations as this. I was accompanied in this journey 
with one ME. Nicholas Comerford, alderman of Waterford, by whom 
I found very faithful assistance, both to discover the unsoundness 
of some gentlemen, and also to stay and assure them ; if it would 
please your Lordship to take knowledge thereof, and bestow a 
letter of thanks of him, it would not a little encourage him to the 
like well-doing another time, besides, he is very desirous to depend 
on your Lordship, and is in truth the man of greatest account in 
that corporation, pp. 3. 

Oct. 72. Names of such as are suitors for money out of the Privy 

Seal presently granted for Ireland, p. 1. 

Oct. 73. Note of suitors to whom money is to be paid. p. 1. 

Nov. 4. 74. Petition of Thomas Richardson to Burghley for payment of 
his master Sir Henry Collyer. p. 1. 

Nov. 4. 75. Petition of Henry Cole to Burghley for payment of 1 601. due 
to his master, Henry Duke. p. 1. 

Nov. 4. 76. Petition of Richard Adams to Burghley for payment of 
Walter Sedgrave. p. 1. 

Nov. 5. 77. Petition of Henry Welles to Burghley for payment of 
3521. 13s, 7d. 

Nov. 7. 78. Geff. Fenton to Burghley. Since I wrote last to your Lord- 
Kinsale. ship from Cork, I was driven to return eftsoons to this town, to 
settle a band of footmen in garrison, for answering of service, both 
here and further westward along the sea coasts ; and receiving here 
this letter inclosed from an alderman of Waterford, I am bold to 
send it to your Lordship, humbly referring the contents thereof 
to be weighed by your Lordship according [to] their probabilities. 
This province is quiet in all parts, and no likelihood of alteration, 
unless it come from the foreign ; and yet at my coming I found the 
people's minds tossed to and fro, with rumours and expectation of 
strangers, which nevertheless seem now well stayed and settled ; 
only I find them to grudge somewhat at one point of the commission 
of surveys, namely that all lands formerly concealed and withhold en 
from Her Majesty of long time over and above the attainted lands, 
newly escheated, are now presently inquired upon and apportioned 
to seignories as they fall out to lie fit therefore. The people are 
most willing to have the attainted lands divided and measured, and 
therein many of them have been found sound and profitable instru- 
3. N 


1586. VOL.CXXVL 

ments for Her Majesty, but it goeth hard with them, and not without 
murmur, to see the commission stretched to inquire of old conceal- 
ments, such as have lien in their possession many years. And in 
truth it were not amiss that the execution of that point of the 
commission were forborn till these foreign doubts were passed over, 
seeing it could no way prejudice Her Majesty, for that it might be 
again recontinued in a season more apt, and not so disagreeing to 
the minds of the people, of which I am bold to advertise your 
Lordship as a matter which I have observed in this portion of my 
travel in the province. Incloses. 

78. i. Nicholas Quemerforde, alderman of Waterford, to Secretary 
Fenton. Your letter I have received by Mr, Vice-President's man, 
who came here for the 100?. [In margin, in Fenton's hand ; I 
borrowed this 100?. of the city to be imprested to the soldiers for 
victualling money by direction from the Lord Deputy.] The money 
will be in a readiness the next day at farthest, and where your 
worship willed me to send you such news as comes here, I thought 
it my duty to certify your worship that here is arrived one James 
Horre of this town with a bark of salt out of Croswick, who de- 
parted there-hence six days ago, and tells for news that he heard at 
Croswick that there were thirty sail of Spaniards departed from 
Biscay to come for Ireland, and that they were withdrawn back 
again to Spain, and that the Ring made them to be stayed, and their 
men discharged for this time, also he says that he met a Scottish ship 
that came from Cadix, who told him that the Spaniards had had 
a great overthrow in Flanders, and that the Prince of Parma was 

Also here arrived a bark of Quinkett [Conquete], which ca[me] 
from Croswick the same day, and is bo[und] to JDrogheda laden 
with salt, and agrees with the said James Horre in all points, 
but says farther that the number of ships was above 300, and says 
that the Duke of Alva's son was general of that army. 

Also here is arrived one James Maddan of this town, mer- 
chant, out of Padstow, and says that Her Majesty's ships met with 
the King of Spain's fleet coming from the Indies, where the Vice- 
Admiral of the Spaniards was taken and brought to England with 
six tons of silver, and other two ships that came from Brazil, and 
the rest did escape. This is all the news that is come here as yet. 
Nov. 2. Waterford. pp. l. 

Nov. 7. 79. Petition of Stephen Borrane to Burghley for payment of 
money due to divers captains and others in Ireland, p. 1. 

[Nov. 8.] 80. Articles collected out of the commission to Sir John Perrot, 
Lord Deputy of Ireland, and others for levying of debts, &c. 

Nov. 10. 81. Petition of Stephen Barran to Burghley for payment of 
745?. due to captains, servitors, and merchants in Ireland, p. 1 

Nov. 15. 82. Wallop to Burghley. I have received your letter of the 22nd 
of October last, by Fauntleroy my man ; who also brought over the 
12,000?. which your Lordship mentioneth. I could wish the same 


1586. VoL ' CXXVL 

had been greater, if it had so pleased Her Majesty, as well for the 
occasions which may in these perilous times grow from day to day, 
as in respect of the wants of the garrison, which have much due 
unto them, and are not able to go thither to sue for it. But as it 
is, it shall be issued, according to your Lordship's direction. I make 
no doubt, but that your Lordship is right glad, of the good success 
which Sir Richard Byngham had in Conn aught against the. Scots, 
both for his own sake, and for the service, which in truth, being 
considered with all circumstances, was such as seldom this country 
affordeth, having been very well devised, and better executed. The 
particulars whereof, albeit, I suppose your Lordship have before this 
understood, yet I have thought good to send you herewith a copy 
of his own discourse * sent to me thereof, together with a note of 
the extraordinary charges defrayed by him for the payment of the 
bands erected for the appeasing of that trouble; whereby it may 
the better appear unto your Lordship, what induceth me to esteem 
that service so great as I do. For besides that I cannot hear of 
such a slaughter made of the enemy with the escape of so few of 
them, and so small hurt and loss of ours, these mny years in this 
land ; I am sure there was never any such service achieved by any 
with so little expense to Her Majesty. So rare a thing do I find 
it in my experience or knowledge to have one man to be careful 
both of the service and of Her Highness's commodity. Thus much 
I say in simplicity of conscience, as a testimony due unto the 
gentleman's virtue and desert, which I think myself the rather tied 
to give him, because I know there want not some either for malice 
or envy, or to please the humours of others who do detract and 
extenuate as much as may be, or wholly divert his praise, to 
attribute it to the repair of the Lord Deputy thitherward, who in 
very truth was no farther hence in his journey the day of the 
overthrow than Mullingar, which is from the place, where it was 
given, about fourscore and ten miles. As one therefore, wishing 
to every man his due commendation or blame, I am bold thus 
plainly to certify your Lordship my opinion in this matter upon 
the occasion of the mention made of that service in your said letter. 
And even so can I not omit to satisfy your Lordship touching that 
other point of his, and Sir Nicholas White's service in that province, 
in the compositions made in lieu of cess. Of which I find your 
Lordship hath not had, either such piarticular, or such true adver- 
tisement as had been convenient. For whereas your Lordship 
supposeth, that only the Lord or Chieftain of the country is com- 
pounded withal, and he left at liberty to exact what he list by 
colour of the composition, upon his country, tenants, or followers, 
I take your Lordship therein to have been misinformed. For it 
is certainly set down, how much every quarter of land shall pay 
to Her Majesty, and how much to the Lord, and what freedom is 
granted to every chief man, so that every one knoweth his burthen, 
and cannot nor will not be charged with any more ; I have now 
the second time written to Sir Richard to send your Lordship a 
particular book of those compositions. And as I am sure it should 

N 9, 


., KQ a VOL. CXXVI. 


have been done long since if these troubles had not fallen upon 
him, so I make no doubt, but he will do it now with all expedition, 
and send it to your Lordship for your better satisfaction in that 
behalf. For as yet it is not so certified hither as it may be set 
down in charge ; neither can it be charged until Her Majesty's 
consent be signified thereunto, for so the indentures do purport. 
When your Lordship shall see it and consider it thoroughly, I 
think you will esteem it (as I do) a very good service, begun and 
framed so well, that with a little filing and diligence in finishing 
thereof, it may be recommended for a very good piece of work. 
Neither have these troubles grown by the grudging or unwilling- 
ness of the country to yield the composition, but upon such other 
causes as your Lordship may discern in perusing of the aforesaid 

Whereas your Lordship writeth that my Lord Deputy findeth 
himself grieved with a direction sent hither by Mr. Secretary 
Fenton that in matters of government and state, he should use the 
advice of the councillors here and do nothing without the assent 
of the most of them, I marvel nothing at all thereat, when I consider 
his disposition and desire to be wholly absolute, which he con- 
tinually expresseth. Albeit indeed the restraint he received was 
not otherwise than that he should be advised by the most of us in 
matters of charge, weight, and importance. But some minds think 
themselves yoked if they have their wills circumscribed within the 
limits of reason. For as for the imputing of his stay of going into 
Connaught to have been a hindrance to Her Majesty's service, the 
sequel of things, and the reasons which induced us to dissuade his 
Lordship from that journey, do sufficiently stop that surmise ; I 
could, with all my heart, wish him free from that humour of doing 
all of himself. For it is dangerous for him, and the course that is 
set him, is most for his ease and safety, if he consider it well. And 
his repining and grieving thereat with blaming of us, doth urge us 
in discharge of our duties and in our own defence, to say that which 
otherwise we should not need to allege, howbeit (for my part) 
so long as Her Majesty shall please to use my littleworthy service 
here, I have proposed to myself a direct and plain way, by true and 
honest actions and counsels to discharge my fidelity and duty to 
Her Highness, to the best of my skill, respecting little any par- 
ticular pleasing or mislike in balance therewith, which principally 
I say unto your Lordship, because myself was one of them that 
advised his Lordship's stay from that journey. For having con- 
sideration of the dangerousness of the time, both in respect of doubts 
of foreign invasion, and of the discovery of the great and important 
practises there, which might have stretched hither, of the increase 
of charge to Her Majesty, of the heavy burthen to the country that 
his Lordship's carriages in harvest time especially would be. Of 
the forces of the enemy which Sir Richard Byngham had advertised 
us of, and that no example of any Deputy before could be produced 
that for any motion of Scots, had in person gone into that province, 
and yet they were sundry times overthrown there, as of late 


1586. VOL.CXXVL 

memory both by Sir Edward Fyton and by Sir Nicholas Malbie. 
My Lord Chancellor, Mr. Gardener, the Chief Justice of the King's 
Bench, Sir Robert Dillon, Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, 
Mr. Marshal, myself, Sir Edward Waterhous, Mr. Brabazon, and 
Mr. Secretary Fenton, were of opinion that his Lordship should 
not need to trouble himself and the country for that service. The 
rather for that Sir Richard Byngham both in his letters public and 
private (as one knowing best the state of the province which he 
governeth) did gravely seek to advise his Lordship's stay and the 
sending only of some forces. Upon debating whereof, it was first 
concluded, that besides the bands newly erected for that service, 
Mr. Vice-president's company being at Limerick and Sir William 
Stanley's being also in Munster, and meet therefore to be drawn 
into Connaught, should be directed thither to strengthen Sir 
Richard's forces. Nevertheless after upon new advertisements of 
the increase of the number of Scots, and another assembly of Council 
we determined that for a supply, half of Sir George Bowrchier's 
band, half of Sir Henry Bagenall's and half Wareham Sentleger's 
should be sent thither, by which companies, we nothing doubted 
but that service might have been very well performed, directions 
being sent in time for their repair thither, according to our resolu- 
tion. But my Lord Deputy having still an unquenchable desire 
to go into the province all our determinations fell to be short. For 
the 9th of September, which day I was to take my journey towards 
Munster ; for the accomplishing of the commissions directed to me 
and others concerning the bounding and meting the attainted lands 
in Munster ; his Lordship assembled the Council eftsoons, and 
there, proposing again the necessity of his repair into Connaught 
to repress the Scots, both the Chief Justices being gone in their 
circuits and Mr. Marshal home into the North, it was agreed unto 
by my Lord Chancellor, Sir Lucas Dillon, Sir Nicholas White, and 
Sir Edward Waterhous, that it was expedient for his Lordship to 
go towards the Borders of the province as far as Athlone or Ros- 
common, to give the enemy occasion of fear at least, and to have 
with him the residue of Sir George Bowrchier's band and Mr. 
Sentleger's, yet myself, Mr. Brabazon, and Mr. Secretary, continuing 
in our former opinions for the reasons above mentioned, and of that 
mind still are both the Chief Justices and the Marshal. And 
having by most voices so prevailed, his Lordship did accordingly 
set forward his journey, to his own trouble and peril (as it fell 
out) by sickness, the great toil and charge of his company attending 
him, the burthen not only of the Borders of the Pale, in that he 
levied the forces of the county of Westmeath, but most especially 
of the province after the exploit done, which might have been very 
well forborne and spared, if it had pleased his Lordship rather to 
respect the good and faithful advice of such as were no way 
interested in the matter, other than for the service of Her Majesty 
than those other passions which he cannot, nor careth not to bridle 
before us ; who in duty and conscience, have to make no comparison 
between the pleasing of him and the service of Her Highness, in 


1586. VOL.CXXVL 

which as well we, as he, are employed, though he worthily, and of 
Her Majesty's special trust, be chiefly placed to direct the whole. 

I hope your Lordship will accept and take in good part my plain 
manner of delivering unto you my conceit, which your Lordship's 
desire to be certified, who they were that advised his Lordship's 
stay, doth move me to declare unto you. Assuring your Lordship, 
for my part (and I think I may well so say for the rest) that no 
other regard, than the service of Her Majesty, and the good of the 
country induced us to give that advice. For as I do very well 
perceive your Lordship's conceit of the disposition of those of this 
country birth, and their cunning in taking advantage, by the 
disagreement of us amongst ourselves, so I protest before Almighty 
God, that neither in this nor any other thing, that hath been con- 
sulted on since my coming hither, I for my part have had any other 
mark or level to shoot at, than the service of Her Highness, and 
the good and quiet of the country, which in effect are comprised 
under the other. If any other have had any second intentions, to 
God and their consciences I leave them. And therefore having thus 
far discharged myself, and answered your Lordship's letter, I 
humbly take leave. Indorsed by Burghley : Sir Henry Wallop. 
The Jornay of Sir Richard Byngham. pp. 4. Incloses, 

82. i. Extraordinary charges. [Duplicate in Oct. 18.] 
[*His own discourse wanting, but see another copy in Oct. 6.] 

Nov. 16. 83. A true discourse of the causes of the late rebellion of the 
Burkes. Where we have been informed of late that sundry seditious 
persons, envying the good success and prosperity of others, have 
maliciously given out and slanderously reported that the unjust, 
hard, and extreme dealings of Sir Richard Byngham, knight, Chief 
Commissioner of this Province, towards us and others dwelling 
within his charge and government, and the slaughter of Thomas 
Roe and execution of Moyler Burke and Tibbot Keoghe by martial 
law, hath been the chief and principal cause which moved us to 
raise war and enter into the last rebellion against Her Highness 
and the state, wherein like as it is the duty of all Christians to 
declare the truth (in all doubtful matters) specially those to whom 
the same is chiefly known, we who have been the principal authors 
and beginners of the said rebellions, have thought requisite and 
convenient for the better satisfaction of such as are desirous to 
know the certainty hereof to lay down the original ground and 
beginning of the causes which stirred us to enter into that folly, 
and whereof the said revolt first proceeded, protesting afore God 
we say nothing therein more than the truth, according to our 
knowledge and consciences which all honest men ought chiefly to 
regard, as more particularly shall hereafter ensue at large. 

After that the said Sir Richard Byngham had a certain space had 
the charge and government of this Province, he began to reform 
many abuses which (through tolerance and custom) hath been 
used a long time amongst the inhabitants of the same, as though 
they were good and lawful, but yet more repugnant to the law 


1586. VoL - CXXVI - 

and usage of all nations, and to restrain the Lords and great men 
from their accustomed cuttings and extortions upon their tenants, 
whereby the tenant began to grow rich and challenge to himself 
a more particular property in his own goods, and enjoy the fruit 
of his labour more freely than at any other time he could ever do 
or attain unto. 

And albeit this course could not be misliked of any, but 
marvellous well allowed, chiefly of the common people, who bare 
the burthen a long time, yet the Lords and gentlemen grudged, and 
wonderfully repined at it everywhere, nevertheless the matter 
was so commendable and so well accepted that none durst stir 
against it openly, except now and then some would cast out a word 
and say that this new governor would shortly make their churl 
their master, and that the gentlemen were like to become beggars 
for want of their cuttings and spendings and such other exactions 
as they compelled their tenants to yield unto them at their own 

Sir Morrough [Ne Doe] O'Flaherty, knight, about the same time, 
partly for that and because he feared the Governor would place an 
officer for Her Majesty within larconnaught, lately called his 
country, which he would never suffer before that time, lest he 
should be likewise bridled from his old customs of taking and 
exacting of the inhabitants of that country at his pleasure, grew to 
be greatly discontented therewith, and liked no part of the 
Governor's proceedings, whereupon by his own commandment and 
procurement, as we heard by the common report of all the country, 
one Cloasearlykane, a follower of his, and certain others of his 
servants and followers, assembled themselves together and became 
rebels and wood-kerne in that country, robbing and spoiling Her 
Majesty's good subjects as well thereabout as in the baronies of 
Clare and Kilmean. 

This Cloasearlekhene having begun this mischief, thought he 
would attempt greater matters, and for the better expedition thereof 
came to the county of Mayo, and consulted with Thomas Koe 
Burke and Walter Burke M'Eduiund of Castlebarry in Thomas 
Roe's Island, out of which consultation the said Walter Burke, 
without any cause given him by any man belonging to the state 
(more than of his malicious and bad inclination), accompanied with 
a certain number of evil-disposed persons, repaired to a town where 
certain merchants of Galway dwelt, and spoiled the same, and 
murthered one Jasper Martin, a merchant, upon which occasion the 
said Walter immediately became a rebel, and Thomas Roe having 
a guilty conscience would trust no man, but kept his island and the 
woods and became a common receptacle to all the loose and bad 
men in the country. 

A good while after this the sessions began and was held at Donne- 
monye, where amongst other things the composition for Her Majesty 
was agreed upon, and the name of M' William, with other like titles 
of M's. and O's. was abolished. After the death of Sir Richard 
Burke, knight, then M 'William, and the whole lordship, seignory 


1586. VOL ' CXXVL 

and duties belonging to the same appointed and entailed to 
his heirs males, except the Lord Deputy would think fit to 
bestow it upon any other of those who pretended interest in the 
same. This alteration caused much murmuring and muttering 
among the people and great disliking in those who were compe- 
titors to the M'Williamship. During this sessions, Thomas Roe 
dwelling in his island within four miles of Dunemonye, being sent 
for, refused to come to the Governor to do his duty, as I, the blind 
Abbot, being one of the commissioners do know and can declare, but 
contemptuously absented himself (as it was said) to do some hurt 
where he could find opportunity. 

In the mean space M'William departed out of this life and 
Edmund Burke of Castlebarry, being tainist, sued for the place, and 
made full account to be M'Wiiliam, according to the custom of the 

Thomas Roe, being his son-in-law, not a little grieved that the 
said Edmund, by whose means he looked for great preferment, 
should be put from the Lordship of the country, combined with the 
said Edmund's sons and practised all he could to raise a new stir, 
in hope (the rather) to advance him to it, whereof the Governor, 
being not ignorant, gave order to John Gary, the under-sheriff, to 
apprehend him, and as the under-sheriff went about it, the said 
Thomas Roe would not yield himself, and thereupon was slain. 
Riccard Oge Burke, commonly called " the Pale of Ireland," brother 
to the said Thomas, having had warning of some of his friends to 
be upon his keeping, and not to trust nor come to any officer, 
seeing his brother Thomas Roe was slain, until he were better pro- 
vided for, immediately after the said Thomas's death, practised 
with Edmund Burke's sons, and with Richard M'Richard Burke 
and Moyler Oge Burke, Edmund Kykraghe, Walter M'Davie Bane, 
and others of the Burkes, and the Clandonnels, to enter into a 
rebellion and raise war against Her Majesty, and not yield to any 
peace until we might have the names of M/William and M'Connell 
restored, and the M'Williamship bestowed upon Edmund Burke and 
so to run by the course of eldership according to the old custom ; 
and the same time persuaded us to go into Castle ne Callye, [Hag's 
Castle] and keep ourselves there, until he might draw in the Scots, 
and procure more friends to strengthen us, and make us able to keep 
the field and encounter with the Governor's forces. 

About this time the Marshal and Theobald Dillon sent warning 
unto us, the said Richard and Moyler Oge and to Edmund Burke's 
sons, and others, to be upon our keeping and not to come to any 
officer, which caused us to be greatly afraid and vehemently sus- 
pected that there was some great mischief intended or devised 
against us, and thereupon we all (saving the blind Abbot, and his 
sons, Edmund M'Richard In Yeren, and his brethren, and Awstean 
M'Connell [Ustian M'Donnell], who had not as then joined with 
us) agreed to rebel and hold out until the said Edmund Burke 
were made M'Wiiliam, and the same established to the eldest in 
succession according to the custom, and so continued, until in April 


! - oa VOL. CXXVI. 


following we received protection from the Governor for three 
months, and put in our pledges for our dutiful behaviour in the 

This was the first part of our proceedings in this action. And 
when we did understand that the Lord Deputy and Council did 
resolve that there should be no M'William at all, and that the 
seignory and inheritance belonging to it was divided, and the best 
part given to William Burke, son to the late M'William, the most 
unworthy and unfittest of us all, we eftsoons revolted only for the 
same cause and quarrel without regard to our said pledges, and 
procured the blind Abbot (and his sons) which ought to be tainist, 
Richard Yn Yren's sons, Ustun M'Donnell. with the O'Malleys, 
ClanGibbons, ClanPhilippins, and many others to join with us, and 
determined to hold out during our lives, except we might have our 
desire in this behalf, according to the custom of the country, and 
the same being denied, we refused peace, notwithstanding it hath 
been offered unto us by the Governor divers times, until at length 
his worship with Her Majesty's forces, compelled us to come in 
and submit ourselves against our wills and humbly crave mercy 
upon our knees, which was granted unto us accordingly. 

At this very instant the Marshal came into the country before 
we had entered into this action [of rebellion] the second time and 
parleyed with us, that we Richard Burke, Moyler Oge, and most of 
the gentlemen of our name must have gone with him into Flanders, 
which seemed so strange unto us that we knew not in the world 
what to do, but did choose rather to go forward in our folly and 
die in our native country, than go over the sea into a strange land 
where we have never been, and where we looked for no other thing 
but present death, protesting afore God that the taking away of 
the said M'Williamship and the division of the lands and inheri- 
tance thereof was the only ground and principal beginning and 
chief cause of this rebellion and none other, what matter soever 
hath been reported or pretended to the contrary : and as touching 
Thomas Roe Burke or his brother Riccard Oge, we do protest, 
declare, and testify that their deaths was no part of our quarrel, 
and that we did stir never a whit the more for it, for that we 
did know, and do now also confess that they were very bad 
members in this commonwealth, and great practisers of this rebellion 
and of all other mischiefs, and maintainers of thieves and evil- 
disposed persons, and have most justly deserved death as well by 
Her Majesty's laws as by the common custom of the country 
before the same was established amongst us for their wicked life 
and disloyalty, and as concerning Moyler M'Walter Fada, and his 
brother Tibbot Reogh, I, Moyler Oge Burke their brother, do declare 
and testify that they wrote divers letters to their wives and to the 
said Richard Oge, the Pale of Ireland, to procure a stir and a 
rebellion in the country, in hope that they should have liberty the 
sooner, and we the blind Abbot and Richard Burke have heard 
that they sent the same letters, whereby according to the law they 
have worthily and justly deserved that they had ; taking God to 




witness that we never grounded any part of our quarrel in revenge 
of the same, for that we knew it ought to be so, if the law had been 
extended against them. 

And whereas three of our pledges were executed at Baliinrobe, viz., 
the blind Abbot's son, Moyler Oge Burke's son, and John Burke M/ 
Moyler's son. "We likewise declare and confess that we have deserved 
they should be put to death for our offences, being put in by us as 
pledges for our loyalty, and that the Governor did no injustice in 
hanging of them, but showed great favour and mercy to divers other 
pledges (who for the undutifulness and disloyalty of their parents 
and those for whom they were put in) he might likewise have put 
to death without any injustice, and in that point we are very well 

Confessing further that all the preys and booties he took within 
this country before we submitted ourselves to Her Highness, were 
lawfully taken, and the goods of us, our confederates, followers and 
relievers, and such a s have maintained us in our rebellion against 
Her Highness. 

And touching the Governor himself, we protest "and constantly 
affirm that he never did us nor any other, to our knowledge, any 
wrong or injustice, in his own person, or showed us any extremity 
other than that we generally misliked the taking away of our old 
customs, which we were wont to take of our tenants and neighbours, 
but that we have always found him ready to do us right and justice 
aswell against the officers of the country as against all others, 
against whom we had any cause to complain, which be the only 
and very causes indeed which moved us to enter into this rebellion 
and none other, and if any man hath put any part of the blame 
thereof in (sic) him, he hath done him very great wrong and 
slandered him most unjustly, and as for us we can in conscience but 
clear him thereof, and are ready to justify the same and all other 
things herein contained whensoever we shall be called for that pur- 
pose. And further we do testify that the said Sir Richard Bynghain 
hath not charged us or any part of the county of Mayo during the 
time of his government within this province with any cess for 
horsemen, footmen, horses, and boys, nor taken any other thing of us 
or any the inhabitants of the said county without payment or allow- 
ance to the same to our contentation. 

Moreover I, Edmund Burke M'Richard Yn Yren, do declare, testify, 
and depose upon the Holy Evangelist that Garratt M'Teig Dillon 
came to me after Midsummer last and told me that Theobald Dillon 
wiUed him to give me \\-arning from him and in his name that I 
should not trust any officer, nor come to any of them until the 
said Tibbot were come to the province, and that very shortly he 
would come to the country with great authority and credit.- And 
said further that Henry Chamberlain was coming into the country 
with eighteen soldiers to apprehend me and seize upon my goods, 
and therefore willed me to shift for myself, whereupon I went im- 
mediately to the rebels and entered into action against Her Majesty 
within four days after. In witness whereof we have hereunto put 


1586. V01 ' 

our hands in the presence of Edward Whyte, clerk of the Council 
of this province, the 16th of November 1586. William x Burke, 
the blind Abbot's mark, Moyler x Oge Burke's mark, Edmund 
Burke x M'Richard Yn Yeren's mark, Moyler x Burke M'Thomas 
Roe's mark, Shane Burke's x mark, Ustion x M'DonneLL's 
mark, Riccard Oge x M' Gibbon's mark, Richard x Yn Yeren's 
mark, Riccard x a choga M'Gibbon's mark, Tibbot x M'Gibbon's 
mark, Moyler Oge x M'Tibbot's mark, Moelemora x M'Ranell 
M'Donnell's mark, Shane M'Gibbon's x mark, Edmund x M' 
Moyler M'Gibbon's mark, William M' x Moyler M 'Gibbon's mark, 
Edmund Burke x M'Thomas DufFs mark, Richard Oge x M' 
Ranell M'Donnell's mark, Walter Oge x M' Walter M'Fyreghe's 

Memorandum that the blind Abbot, Moyler Oge Burke, Edmund 
Burke M'Riccard Yn Yeren, and the rest of the gentlemen who 
have put their hands to this declaration, have not only subscribed 
their names to the same in my presence, but also have taken their 
oath that all things therein mentioned and put down in general are 
true, and touching such other matters which are particularly laid 
down as done or spoken by any certain or particular persons, the 
said parties have likewise taken their oath upon the same and 
affirm it to be true. In witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed 
my name, the 16 of November 1586 ; Ed. White. Indorsed: A 
discourse touching the causes and original ground of the last 
rebellion in the county of Mayo. pp. 7. 

Nov. 17. 84. To all Christian people to whom these presents shall come, 
we, whose names are hereunto subscribed, send greeting in our 
Lord God Everlasting. Where divers persons are of sundry opinions 
touching the ground and principal cause of the last stirs and re- 
bellion which happened within this county of Mayo, or whereof 
the same proceeded, some affirming one thing and some another 
according to their several affections, and forasmuch as all honest 
men are bound in conscience to declare the truth in all doubtful 
matters and causes of controversy, we do protest and declare in our 
consciences, that the abolishing and taking away of the name of 
M' William from the competitors thereof, and the extinguishing 
of the other lordships and seignories, from the gentlemen and chiefs 
of septs and surnames of the country by the late composition, and 
the restraining of them from their cuttings and spendings and 
exactions hath been the only beginning of the said rebellion, and 
the chief ground and principal cause which moved those gentlemen 
who were authors of it to enter into the same, or attempt anything 
against the state to disturb the public peace, contrary to their 
duties, hoping the rather to be restored to their old customs, and 
have a M'Williamship established among them, and not any other 
matter, what thing soever hath been pretended to cloke the same, 
or reported to the contrary, notwithstanding. And that none of 
the ministers or officers of the state, gave them any occasion, or 
were procurers of the said stir, but did use all good persuasions and 
means to qualify and prevent it, which we affirm of our own certain 


1586 VOL. CXXVI. 

knowledges besides that we did learn the same as well of the rebels 
themselves by their own confessions, as by the declaration and general 
report of the whole country. And thereupon we have taken our 
corporal oath upon the Holy Evangelists in the presence of Edward 
Whyte, clerk of the Council of this Province. In witness whereof 
we have hereunto subscribed our names, the 37th of November 1586. 
Edmund E. B. Burke 's mark, of Cong, Shane x M 'Hubert, 
parson of Dunony's mark, Laghlar, x O'Maillie, chief of his name's 
mark ; William x Burke of Shrwher's mark, Edmund x Burke of 
Cowlnegash ell's mark, Moyler x Burke M'Thomas Hoe's mark, 
Robertus O'Maylle, Edmund M' x GildwffM'Jonyn'smark, Ryccard 
M' x Morris, chief of his name's mark ; Ferigh x M'Connell's mark, 
Alexander og M'Donnell, Walter M' x Jonyn of the Towrin's 
mark, David M'Morris, Phelam M 'Marcus M'Conell x mark, Dermot 
x O'Malley's mark, Hubert Burke x M'Jonyn's mark, Shane 
M' x Morris's mark, M' x Moelmory M'Conell of toaght's mark, 
Farigh x M' Torlagh's mark, Reaid Battwrin, Davy M' x Hubbert 
M'Jonyn's mark, Moyler x M'Morris' mark, Walter og x M'Watter 
M'Riccard's mark, Gilldwff x M< Gibbon's mark, Shane M' x 
Jonyn of Kilchwoyre's mark, Hary Fis Morys, Moelmory M' x 
Ranell's mark, Moyler Og M' x Gibon's mark, Jonyn M'Ullik's 
x mark, Moyler Burke's x of Manychroyr's mark, Johannis Marcus, 
William x Oge's mark, Thomas M' x Tybbott Reoghe's mark, 
Robertus O'Caleesus, Walter x M'Roe's mark, Laghlen x O'Malley's 
mark, Enys M e x Donnell of Aghelhard's mark, Marcus x M'Hugh 
Boy's mark, William Crone x M'Phillipin's mark, Marcus Edmundi 
fiucifinxi, Edmund x M' Tybotfc's mark, Edmund x OgM'Richard 
a chegga's mark ; Richard Ne Koillie x mark. Indorsed : Attesta- 
tion touching the causes that procured the Burkes to enter into 
rebellion. Double page. 

Nov. 18. 85. The Chancellor Archbishop of Dublin to Burghley. To 
St. Sepulchres, further the suits of the bearer Edward Drynkell for an increase of 
entertainment, p. 1. 

Nov. 19. 86. C. Baron Delvin to Burghley. My very good Lord, since my 
Dublin. l as t letters written to your Lordship, I understand by the Earl of 
Kildare, he was questioned withal by the Lords of Her Majesty's 
Council and specially your Lordship touching my stay here ; I have 
disclosed the cause before unto your good Lordship, as many suits 
in law for mine inheritance seized on, during mine absence, wherein 
I find the law slow, having the Dillons judges, friends such as your 
Lordship knoweth. Of the two the Baron the man that most 
uttered his malice since my coming hither, a great part waste of 
that I possess, and what is inhabited, the tenants not able to pay 
their due. These are and have been the causes of my stay, which 
if it seem long, I will upon the least advertisement return, how 
great soever to my hinderance. 

The late overthrow of the Scots in Connaught was greatly 
furthered by one of my servants called Tumultaghe O'Hara. This 
man having entered their camp secretly gave intelligence to Sir 



Richard Byngham of their determinations from time to time till 
the day of their overthrow, and then led him unawares [to them] 
over their camp. By mean whereof they were all, to the number 
of 2000, sine sanguine et sudore defeated. 

Thus much I thought fit to advertise your Lordship referring the 
good it may do me to your good Lordship's handling, beseeching it 
may please you to direct me. touching my return, or in the mean 
[time] whatsoever shall seem good to your Lordship. Indorsed : 
Baron of Delvin [t]o my Lord, cau[ses] of his stay in Ireland, p. 1. 

Nov. 20. 87. Captain W. Piers (old Captain Piers) to Walsyngham. In 
Tristernagh. mO st humble manner my duty remembered to your Honour. I 
have sent herein inclosed in a letter from O'[Neill] to Her 
Majesty. The man reposeth trust in me, and find ... he hath not 
hitherto slipt from his allegiance and loyalty, thought it not amiss 
to see it safely conveyed to your Honour. I need not acquaint 
your Honour's grave wisdom with that worthy exploit, and noble 
piece of service, lately done by Sir Richard Byngham upon the 
Scots in Connaught. I know others have given sufficient advertise- 
ments as well of the manner of the service, as made thorough report 
of the order of the action, only this I may without offence to any 
unless trouble of tediousness to your Honour, both truly affirm, 
and give notice of, that the like hath not been done in this kingdom 
within memory of one man's age, surely God blesseth the gentleman, 
and sauceth the event of his enterprises with good success, whose 
only endeavours tend to the advancement of Her Majesty's service, 
and whole care and daily study is the administration of justice and 
maintenance of the commonwealth ; I wish we had many of his 
inclination and disposition, or at least fewer in authority, who 
careless to do like good, yet seems to impugn what they may, so 
worthy a man's proceedings. And even so craving pardon for 
this my presumption, being very pensive and most sorrowful my 
hard hap holds me in this world an impotent wretch, not able to 
serve in place of my accustomed profession, I rest. P.S. If your 
Honor returns answer to O'Neill, I humbly crave (so as it may 
seem good to your Honor's grave wisdom) to have the same sent 
me. As I did write in my former letters by Captain Fowle, so am 
I bold to iterate the same again, the man who maketh God author 
of his actions, and levels at advancement of his glorious Gospel, 
must needs prosper and have good success in what he takes in 
hand. The Lord Grey's course of government is sufficient testimony 
for the same. Indorsed : " Ould Captayne Piers : with Oneals 
letters to Hir Ma tie ." p. 1. 

Nov. 23. 88. Lord Deputy Perrot to Thomas Norreys, Esq., Vice-president 
Dublin Castle, of the province of Munster, Jesse Smythes, Chief Justice of the said 
province, Thomas Wiseman, and James Golde, gent,, Commis- 
sioners. Whereas we are given to understand by our very good 
Lord the Viscount Barry, that albeit his Lordship hath showed you 
a pardon granted unto him, and others contained in the same, in 
the time of the Lord Grey whereby his and their lands are reserved 


1586. - CXXVI - 

yet his Lordship informeth that you have found some part of their 
said lands by office, and hath made humble suit unto us, that the 
same might be stayed until further consideration be had thereof. 
These are therefore to will and require you not to return the office 
taken upon any of the lands belonging to the said Lord Viscount, 
or to any others contained in the said pardon, without first 
acquainting us therewith, or until you shall receive further direction 
from us in that behalf. Indorsed : Touching the offices about the 
Viscount Barry's lands, p. \. 

Nov. 28. 89; Mr. John Myaghe to Burghley. Right honourable and my 
Cork. very good Lord. Being informed that some men of this country 
being there have made false accusations and evil reports of me unto 
your Honour, to remove your good opinion of me which you have 
continued since the time I was student at Lincoln's Inn, about 
twenty-eight years ago, my accusers nor the matter I know not, 
but thus much favour I crave at your Honour's hands, not to believe 
any false reports of me that have so carefully and truly served Her 
Majesty and spent all my young days in Her service, till such 
time as I shall know what matter I am charged withal and mine 
answer be heard thereunto, assuring your Honour if I have credit 
or alliance in this my native country the same have been ever 
stretched to the furtherance of Her Majesty's service, and the profit 
of my poor commonwealth (which shall be verified by such as bare 
authority in Ireland since the first time I was placed an officer in 
Munster), and so will continue for the few years I have to live. I 
esteem more of your honourable favour and good will than I do of 
any other reward or gift. It is hard for a man to govern in the 
place of justice these twenty years, but he must purchase enmity 
and malice, and especially in Ireland who can escape without some 
accusations ? There is an honest citizen there at Court named James 
Miaghe, who was sheriff of Desmond and did good and acceptable 
service which we who have served here do know, I beseech your 
Honour, if his suit be reasonable, help him, for by his long abode 
he hath undone himself, his -wife, children and family. Indorsed : 
Recommendeth his kinsman James Meagh. p. f . 

Nov. 29. 90. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. If the 
Dublin. greatness of foreign and home causes there could afford so much 
leisure as to harken to the present state here, I doubt not but Her 
Majesty should find this her kingdom at more advantage now to 
work her will withal, than any of her progenitors have had it these 
three hundred years past. And in my poor opinion such an oppor- 
tunity would not ]?e let slip, when it offereth itself without resis- 
tance or charge to Her Highness. My duty to Her Majesty and my 
love to my native country, move me to write thus much to your 
wisdom, being also stirred the more thereto, through the continual 
calling on me of the Lords and people of Connaught to have the 
counterpanes of the late indentures of composition, past as well 
betwixt Her Majesty and them, as also betwixt the Lords and their 
tenants to be signed and delivered unto them by the Lord Deputy, 


- Kot . VOL. CXXVI. 


which his Lordship forbeareth to do, without the privity of Her 
Highness. My good Lord, there was never thing I took in hand 
that more cumbered my wits or strained my body than the propor- 
tioning of this work, which remaineth with me finished and 
ingrossed without any penny charge to Her Majesty. The revenue 
is both great to her and easy to her people by the generality thereof, 
gotten with universal good will, and so like always to continue 
if covenants be kept with them. It amounteth in manors, rents, 
royalties, and services above 4,OOOZ. a year, as by an abstract of the 
work may appear. If it stand not with Her Majesty's pleasure to 
allow of my coming over to show it, then I humbly crave in re- 
compense of my pains that promise be kept with the people in 
discharge of my word and conscience gaged to them in that behalf. 
The disagreement of our two chiefest officers here will work, I fear, 
some ill effect to the common tranquillity, for even yesterday at the 
committing of Dudley Bagenall, second son to the Marshal, for 
breaking the Lord Deputy's letters of commandment for his appear- 
ance to answer a poor man's complaint, and beating of the party 
that delivered them, the Lord Deputy and Chancellor squared in 
opinion touching his commitment. Many like bickerings happen 
often, wherewith I will not trouble your Honour by writing. 

There is a notable example made this term, in the last day of 
the Castle Chamber of one Henry Eylande, sheriff of the county of 
Roscommon in Connaught, for hanging and ransoming many of 
Her Majesty's subjects contrary to law, and extortious taking of 
their goods and chattels from them, for which he is adjudged to 
pay 500Z. fine, to endure one year's imprisonment, to receive public 
punishment in that county, to make satisfaction to the parties 
grieved, and to answer the murders in the Queen's Chief Bench. 
These be the men that makes (sic) Her Majesty's laws hateful to 
Her people, and have been too long borne withal. Now my dear 
Lord I am to signify to your Honor, God's good pleasure in visiting 
me with the loss of my son Thomas White, who ended his life the 
26th of this month by taking of a strong purgative unknown to 
me, except the special gift of God, this is no place to learn patience, 
where impatience and irreverent contentions are daily exercised in 
our association, from which I desire to be delivered. If Sir John 
Perrot stand so much in your Lordship's good favour as he believeth, 
then my good Lord it were a good work in mine opinion to help 
to recontinue the Earl of Ormond and him in their accustomed old 
friendship, the breach whereof is thought to be the chiefest en- 
couragement of this our unquietness. I know the Earl to be both 
wise and honourable, and yet some here may run on beyond 
measure upon hope of his partaking there, pp. 2. 

Nov. 30. 91. Patrick Barnwall, Lord of Trimleston, to Burghley. My 
Dublin. humble duty remembered unto your Honour. Having received your 
Honor's letter, for which I render humble thanks, being glad to 
have occasion to advertise your Honour of the universal quiet state 
of this Her Highness' realm of [reland, which so well governed at 
this instant, as I hope in God will grow shortly to great wealth, 


1586. " CXXVL 

with the increase of Her Majesty's revenues, where heretofore the 
subjects were not able to be masters of their goods and chattels, by 
mean of stealths and spoils by the Irishry, now God be thanked 
their cattle lieth in the fields safe without fear, and all the Irishry 
as amenable and obedient to the Lord Deputy's direction as any 
Englishman in the Pale. As the feeling thereof is a comfort to 
Her Majesty's poor subjects here, so I hope it will be a joy to your 
Honour to hear the same, and will be also aiding to the continuance 
thereof, p. \. 

Nov. 92. Supply of munition for Ireland under the hand of Sir F. 

Walsyngham. p. 1. 

Nov. 93. Reasons set down by Captain [N.] Dawtrey showing why 

the ward of the Queen's storehouse at Carrickfergus, commonly 
named the Palace, should be continued after the building or finishing 
of the walls of the said town. 

First, concerning the ward of the storehouse commonly named 
the Palace about 16 years past the charge of the said house was 
committed unto one Cornwall, but soldiers he had none other 
than 16 artificers as bakers, brewers, and three labourers. At 
that time the house was attempted by Sir Brian M'Felim O'Neill, 
who was like to have entered it by means of the cowardice of 
the said artificers afore rehearsed, but the Mayor of the town 
seeing the ward run away from their charge stepped into the 
house with all the force he could make, leaving the town in danger 
for the safeguard of the Queen's house and store, which he rescued, 
and put the enemy from the house, by which means they entered 
the town and burnt a great part thereof with the church. Where- 
upon the Lord Deputy then being, put in a ward of 20 soldiers 
which hath been continued ever since unto this day. This 
precedent doth make the townsmen to remember the guarding of 
their own houses in any such time of exigency that may fall out 

Note that the enemy doth envy that house and mill, more than 
anything in the north of Ireland by reason that it is a place of 
strong stowage for corn and victual to relieve Her Majesty's forces 
in the heart of Ulster, whereby it enableth a garrison to be planted 
there or anywhere within 20 or 30 miles more northward or into 
the country, from whence they are relieved with bread and beer, 
without the which garrisons cannot be maintained in those parts, 
and being so near a frontier unto the landing of the Scots as it is 
generally all the bad people of Ulster and the Scottish Isles do 
seek the overthrow of that house more than the town and castle 
or any other in Ulster. 

It hath been often seen that many secret practices and ambushes 
have been laid to win that house sithence the foresaid rebellion of 
Sir Brian M'Felim O'Neill mentioned in the first article, both in 
the time of Thomas Sackford the late seneschal, as also in the time 
of the now seneschal. In the night when they have sent their 
spies in Captain Dawtrey's time they have been often shot at by 


1880. VoL - CXXV1 " 

the watch of the Palace, in the day they (the enemy I mean) have 
laid divers ambushes for to have the killing of him the said captain, 
who was shot at by seven shot at once that were laid for him, being 
upon the walls of the said Palace, but God was his defence, whilst 
in his time the house was attempted by violent force by the Scots. 
At the last attempt the said Captain Dawtrey was discharged by 
letters out of England 10 days before the attempt : And having 
but a very few men left, whom he reserved for his own guard and 
to convey his stuff into Dublin, meaning upon the discharge of his 
ward to have given over the office of seneschalship, remaining 
certain days after for the conveyance of his stuff as aforesaid, the 
Scots attempted the Palace again with resolute purpose to have 
won it, but the said captain not departed before the Scots' coming, 
defended the house, and at that conflict slew four of the best Scots, 
besides many that were hurt, by which means the Scots were 
discomfited and put back without achieving their purpose, where- 
upon the said captain stayed and advertised the Lords Justices of 
the things that had happened, whereupon the said Lords continued 
the said ward unto the said Captain Dawtrey unto this day. 

Item, the said Palace or abbey standeth upon one corner of the 
town wall and without the town; it must be strongly warded, 
otherwise it will be broken ; for if the town be never walled the 
enemy will never attempt it upon the inward part of the town by 
reason of the strong stone houses or castles (as they call them) that 
stand within the town, but on the outside from the town which 
is the place that they always did attempt it, which will be no 
more defensible, or strong, when the town is built than it is now 
the town is unbuilt, for the building of the town addeth nothing 
unto the strength of the Palace. 

And lastly, the country-people of those parts under the govern- 
ment of the seneschal, are so aptly furnished of men and means 
to take arms at all times, when their wicked disposition so serveth, 
as justly it may be said that no officer in Ireland is more often 
and more dangerously called to the field than he is, who having 
none other private charge of men in Her Majesty's pay as yet, than 
the said ward, cannot in good consideration be countenanced with 
any less. For the said seneschal now two years since, being one 
amongst others that entered the glynns upon the Scots, was there 
sore hurt and bled so much that he was unable of himself to go 
from the place, and in case he had not by his own warders (whereof 
he taketh commonly some 15 or 16 with him to the field) been 
succoured and carried away, he saw not but that there he had been 
left to the enemy, for the other troops as careless of him and looking 
after their own chiefs, or else to say the best they not seeing or know- 
ing his hurt, proceeded so speedily onwards that he might well have 
been left behind had it not been for his own warders aforesaid, of 
whom also there happened but eight to be at his rescue, whereof 
five were likewise hurt in this relieving of the said seneschal. 

Indorsed : " By Capten Dawltrey." [This seems to identify the 
names Dawtrey and DeaUry.] 

3. O 




Dec. 1. 1. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to Burghley. Although I have here- 
Newry. tofore bemoaned myself unto your Lordship of the hard usage 
and manifold disgraces done unto me by the Deputy here, whereby 
I am now utterly disabled from doing Her Majesty any further 
service, yet I cannot but in discharge of my duty to God and Her 
Highness, advertise your Lordship of the general dislike between 
him and all the English Councillors to this state ; wherein if your 
Honors there do not providently procure some speedy remedy, 
the inconveniences are so great and so many which undoubtedly 
will ensue, as hereafter will hardly ever be redressed. And truly 
if I should declare unto your Honor, to whom I would signify 
nothing but that which I will at any time be ready to aver with 
hazard of my life, my opinion, or rather knowledge in whom the 
cause of this disagreeing doth consist ; I must solely ascribe it to 
his Lordship, who usually interrupteth the ordinary course of justice 
in every of their several charges ; countenancing the " baddeste 
and wyckedste " sort of people against the governors of the several 
provinces, greatly to the impeachment of Her Majesty's service, 
and vilipending of their authority, and withal the terms are so 
odious and opprobious, as beggars, squibs, puppies, wherewith 
ordinarily he doth use all those of Her Majesty's Council, as were 
it not in regard of the place he doth possess, no man is able to 
endure at the hands of any subject. Therefore I must crave pardon 
to say thus much freely unto your Lordship, that if there happen 
in his time any great troubles, either by foreign invasion or intestine 
rebellion, captains, soldiers, and men of action of all sorts, are 
generally so discontented with him, as there is nothing else to be 
expected, but utter ruin and destruction to all Her Majesty's well 
affected subjects in this realm, p. ] . 

Dec. 2. 2. J. Smithes, Chief Justice of Munster, to Burghley. These 
Limerick, are to advertise your Lordship that by virtue of the commissions 
we have inquired and returned accordingly, but for the Queen's 
Majesty upon such matters of inquiry we are most commonly 
crossed at Cork, as this bearer can more at large inform your 
Honor. Thanks be unto God, this province is at this time in 
reasonable good quiet, and the people very obedient, submitting 
themselves to the law, and more fearful of punishment than our 
own nation ; and yet we do hang two or three hundred every 
year and save the stock whole. May it please your Honor that 
the bearer hereof, Mr. Kobert Rosyer, Her Majesty's attorney at 
the law within the province of Munster, is partly by his own private 
occasions, but chiefest in the service of Her Majesty, as he informeth 
me, drawn into England, of whom I think it my duty to inform, 
that ever since his coming into this provincial government he 
hath from time to time been of very good government, and of 
discreet behaviour, and his dealings so upright, that he hath carried 
himself in all matters touching his office without spot or taint of 




Dec. 3. 


Dec. 4. 



corruptic-D, in travelling the assizes and quarter sessions, within 
every the several counties of the said peculiar province very 
painfully, chargeably, and dangerously ; he hath achieved unto 
himself many enemies, who daily seek all possible means to discredit 
him, and to displace him of the office to place in .some other of the 
Irish nation, but his evenness carrieth him up. They repine and 
disdain at English government. He hath been unto me a great 
aid and assistant, of whose company and counsel in divers matters 
I would be very glad, and he is threatened always to be put out of 
his office at the change of another governor, wherefor, as it seemeth 
unto me, his suit is to stand in some certainty thereof in respect 
that he hath spent his time and service here for the space of these 
three years, most humbly desiring your Honor to stand his good 
Lord .... I rest. p. 1. 

3. Thomas Williams, clerk of the Check in Ireland, to Burghley. 
Certificate of the state of the garrison now sent. Long contrary 
winds, p. 1. Sends, 

Sept 30. 3. i. Book of the whole garrison for Jialf a year, for Burghley. 
pp. 20. 

4. Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Burghley. Although the 
private mislike which now a long time hath continued between 
my Lord Deputy and me maketh me fearful to complain against 
his Lordship, or to advertise anything touching the manner of his 
government (lest my testimony of his service might be suspected) 
yet the continuance of his disfavour towards me (notwithstanding 
Her [Majesty's] gracious, letters commanding a reconciliation 
between us) being daily testified by all occasions to work my 
disgrace, enforceth me privately to bemoan to your good Lordship 
(upon whose honorable favor I wholly depend) the hardness of mine 
estate, being diversly oppressed with many extremities which 
notwithstanding I protest before God, in regard of mine own person 
I would both patiently and willingly bear, if the disgraces which 
I suffer besides my private discredit, and even the danger of my 
life, did not tend to the hinderance of Her Majesty's service, and 
of the due execution of justice amongst Her Highness' people: 
the care of both which things being dearer to me than my life, 
I can not forbear to impart to your Lordship the private causes 
of my grief, and the public lets and hinderances of them both. 
May it therefore please your Lordship to be advertised, that in the 
exercise of my office of Her Majesty's Chancellor, I am so crossed by 
his Lordship's authority, and the course of justice is so perverted, 
that I am almost myself both utterly discouraged, and many of 
Her Majesty's subjects being obedient to law, seeing an extra- 
ordinary course to be taken, which never hitherto hath been used, 
do begin to murmur against the government. It is an usual thing 
with my Lord Deputy to remove such causes as are begun in 
Chancery out of that Court, and to call the same before himself, 
to be ordered by him and his favourites of this Council. And 

o 2 


1586 VOL. CXXVII. 

in case any person by me, the Chancellor, be in Court committed, 
either for disobedience and contempt, or upon an execution after 
judgment, his Lordship at his pleasure releaseth the parties by his 
authority, which he supposeth is absolute, and neither can nor 
ought to be limited. 

The like dealings are used by his Lordship in the other Courts, 
which his Lordship overruleth in the same manner, especially in 
the King's Bench, to the great discouragement of the Chief Justice 
there (Hobert Gardener), a most upright and sincere man, for whose 
coming into this land our whole nation is bounden to God and Her 
Majesty, where in like manner by his supreme authority causes 
are removed to be heard by himself, and the due course of justice 
is stopped, as I doubt not the Chief Justice will more particularly 
inform your Lordship. 

Also where both by custom and statutes established in that 
behalf the choice of sheriffs in the several counties belongeth to 
the nomination of me, the Chancellor, the Treasurer, the two Chief 
Justices and ' Chief Baron of the Exchequer ; in this thing his 
Lordship, both against law and to the great offence and oppression 
of Her Majesty's people, overruleth us all, appointing such sheriffs 
in several counties as have not been chosen by us, even of his own 
servants and followers, and expressly against law, continuing 
divers of them in that office for two or three years together. In 
like manner where the Chancellor by his office is to nominate and 
appoint the justices of peace, and the justices of assize, in several 
counties his Lordship usurpeth this authority wholly to himself, 
advancing his favorities be they never so bad persons, to greatest 
credit, and excluding others, yea even some of the Privy Council 
in their counties from sitting upon the bench. And at his pleasure 
doth and undoeth all things. All which for my in private 
I would still bear with, if I saw not these dealings to be a chief 
hinderance of Her Majesty's service, for by these means we who by 
duty and office are chiefly bounden to advance Her Highness' 
service, are disabled from doing thereof, being on this wise disgraced 
by his Lordship in the exercise of our several offices. And would 
to God these disgraces rested only upon us, who are in office, 
and did not also reach to all the Councillors here of the English 
birth, who by the daily disgraces offered by his Lordship find 
themselves so discountenanced that they are utterly disabled to do 
Her Highness that service which they would. For in case any 
gentleman in private make petition unto my Lord Deputy to have 
his cause considered of before the Council board, his Lordship's 
common answer is this, with great fury, " What tellest thou me of 
the Council ?" " What care I for the Council ?" " They are all of 
them but a sort of beggars and squibbs, puppies, dogs, dunghill 
churles, yea even the proudest of them come hither with their 
hose patched on the heels." And also terming the Queen's Chief 
Justices at the law " ten shilling knaves," using such other 
reproachful and despiteful terms against us, that we find ourselves 
both greatly discontented, discouraged, and disabled from doing 


1586 VOL. cxxvn. 

of any good. There was a purpose in all this English Council 
to have joined together in a letter to Her Highness with humble 
petition for redress of these things, but knowing the matter would 
offend Her Majesty, and being loath to trouble Her Highness, 
having her mind so incumbered with greater cares, I am requested 
privately to signify thus much to your good Lordship in the name 
of us all, humbly beseeching your Lordship to weigh and consider 
our present estates, and to procure a remedy for the same in sort 
as shall be thought most meet unto you for our safety, and better 
encouragement to serve Her Highness in our several callings, which 
is the thing we chiefly do regard ; for myself, I am utterly in 
despair of any better usage during the continuance of his govern- 
ment, finding that neither my diligent services and daily observances 
done to him with all reverence and humility, in sort as if Her 
Majesty were here present, nor yet Her Majesty's admonitions, 
can induce him to any better course towards me, wherefore I am 
an humble and earnest petitioner to your good Lordship to be a 
mean to Her Majesty for my licence to repair into England and 
to attend upon Her Highness during his government ; leaving the 
custody of the seal with such a sufficient member of this Council 
as I myself will answer for, to which effect I have sent to the Lords 
an humble petition beseeching your Lordship to further the same. 
pp. 4. 

Dec. 4. 5. The Archbishop Chancellor to Burghley. Commends the 
Dublin. bearer [Thomas Jones] Bishop of Meath, repairing over to solicit 

favor from the rigor of a statute by which his undoing is sought. 


Dec. 4. 6. Secretary Geff. Fenton to Burghley. I would no occasion 
Dublin. were given to trouble your Lordship with extraordinary advertise- 
ments of this government, and for my part I could forbear to inter- 
meddle therein, were it not that I see how much the good course 
of service is interrupted and the ways to remedy the sores of this 
state stopped through some wilful defects in him to whom the 
principal care thereof is committed. Whereof, nevertheless, for that 
as well the chief errors, as the enormities growing and like to grow 
by them, appear most in the ordinary exercise of law and justice, 
and handling of the revenue ; I hope Mr. Justice Gardener, who 
by his commission of superintendency is specially interested in the 
reformation of those points, either hath or will inform your Lordship 
at large, for, to that have I often advised him, to the end that in 
things wherein he is overcarried here and cannot of himself prevail 
to a reformation, he may be supported and strengthened from 
thence by your Lordship's means. And in truth he is to look for 
little help here, for that most of those who by office ought, and by 
will would, stand most sincerely and resolutely for Her Majesty's 
profits, are holden so short and disgraced in credit, as they are of 
little importance to do good in this or in any other affairs of Her 
Majesty ; I mean the English Council, of whom both the greater 


1586 VOL. CXXVII. 

number and the better sort find at the Lord Deputy's hands so 
unworthy usage both publicly and privately, accompanied with 
words of disdain and reproach, as they hold themselves disabled to 
do Her Majesty any good service without reparation of their credit, 
which is the ground and foundation of every good service they 
either have done or can do ; besides where his Lordship by the 
despatch I brought was commanded by Her Majesty, in every cause 
of weight, to take the advice of the Council or the more part of 
them, with other cautions tending to concord and conformity, his 
Lordship nevertheless maketh small reckoning of that direction, 
but seemeth rather to stomach it as a curb to bridle the absolute 
authority he pretendeth, whereby both many consultations are 
passed over with lameness and defects, and many good effects of 
service put off, if not altogether prevented. I spare to write the 
particular words which his Lordship is wont to utter against the 
Council, for that modesty willeth rather to suppress than express 
them, only it may please your Lordship to consider how far the 
state is slandered and the course of service interturbed thereby, and 
so to de'scend to the remedy, which for my part I think will not 
ensue by admonishing his Lordship, for that that way hath failed 
heretofore ; and his Lordship in appearance is as far off now to 
embrace admonition as ever he was ; truly if some speedy redress be 
not thought upon, but that his Lordship be still suffered to oppress 
Her Majesty's faithful servitors with disgraces and indignities, many 
of them and chiefly such as in all events are constant stays in this 
government, will be driven to leave their places and retire into 
England during his Lordship's continuance here, for things are 
already grown to that degree of intolerance as sufferance hath no 
more force, of which I am bold to acquaint your Lordship as a sore 
meet to be remedied, both for the honor of this state, and for Her 
Majesty's service, p. 1. 

Dec. 4. 7. A note of the septs of the Burkes in the county of Mayo, in 

First, the sept of Walter Burke of the barony of Kilmayne, 
William Burke, of Sroole, best of the same and a good subject ; 
Edmund Burke, of Come, a good subject ; Walter Burke, of 
Clonnegassell, a good subject, with divers others of the same sept. 
[Noted in the margin by Burghley : Walter Bourk, William Bourk, 
Edmund Bourk, Walter Bourk, good subjects.] 

These submitted themselves before the Scots came [in Burghley's 

Secondly, the sept of Ullick Burke of the barony of Carragh, 
[Carowe], were all out in these actions. The chiefest of the said 
sept is William Burke, the blind Abbot ; next is Edmund Burke, 
M'Biccard In Iron ; the third is Richard Burke, otherwise called 
Devil's Hook ; the fourth is Millerie Burke M'Walter Fadowe ; 
all these were the chiefest of the same sept, and they were all out 
in rebellion, together with their followers. Before the Scots came in 
they submitted themselves and put in their pledges. [In margin, 


1586. L - CXXVIL 

by Burghley : Ullyck Bourk, William Bork the blind Abbot, Edmund 
Bourk M'Richard, Rychard Bourk, alias DyvelPs Hook, Hillary 

Thirdly, the sept of Edmund Burke within the said barony of 
Carragh [Can-owe]. The chiefest of them was Edmund Burke of 
Castlebar (Cassilbarrowe), and was together with his sons the 
chiefest of that^ confederation ; secondly, was Edmund Ki kraghe 
Burke, a drawer in of the Scots. Walter Burke, his brother, hath 
been as ill as he in all these actions. Oliverus Burke, son of Edmund 
Burke, was slain with the Scots ; Edmund Kikraghe Burke was slain 
also the same day with the Scots ; Edmund Burke of Castlebar was 
put to death by twelve men of his own countrymen. \JIti margin : 
Edmund Bourk of Cassillbar, executed by y e law.] 

Fourthly, the sept of Oliverus Burke of Tyrawly. The best of 
them was Walter Kittaghe Burke ; next to him of his brothers, 
William Burke and Oliverus Burke. Shane Netlevie [of the 
mountain] was a guide and a bringer in of the Scots. 

Davie Bye Burke, a bad man, uncle to these men, and Thomas 
Burke, brother to the said Davie, as we think had been a subject. 
The late M' William was brother to these, whose children were 
good subjects, with divers others of that sept. 

Clandonnels were the sept of the galloglasses ; the chiefest of 
them was Oysten M'Donnell, who did submit himself to the 

Secondly, was Cahir M'Connell, which was the chiefest captain 
that they had, and was slain the same day with the Scots. 

Thirdly, Ewer M'Liesigh, one of the chiefest of the Clandonnells, 
was slain that day. 

Indorsed by Burghley : A declaratio of y e conditions of ye 
septs of y e Burkes of Mac William's country, in y 8 county of Mayo. 

Dec. 5. 8. Sir Richard Byngham to Burghley. I sent your Lordship 
Dublin. lately the discourse of the services (see it, page 169, No. 53. I.) 
against the Burkes and the Scots within the county of Mayo, which 
I hope your Honor hath received, but for that I am not ignorant of 
some practice used here to transfer the credit of that service to 
others, or at the least to make the same of small account to my 
disgrace, I cannot but now again trouble your Honor therein, 
assuring the same upon my faith and credit that I wrote nothing 
to your Lordship but the only truth, and therefore whatever shall 
be said or written to the contrary I humbly beseech your Lordship 
to give no credit to it. I am hardly [dealt] withal by my Lord 
Deputy in many things, especially in bad speeches and uncourteous 
terms, such as for modesty's sake I omit to write here. I intend, 
God willing, shortly to send over my servant thither with the whole 
state of my receipts and disbursements since I had charge in the 
province, as well of the revenue rents, as of the impost and com- 
position receipts, together with the quality of the last composition 
and some other things fit to acquaint your Honor withal. In the 
meantime I humbly commend to your Honor's good favor the 
bearer hereof [Thomas Jones], my Lord Bishop of Meath, who by 





Dec. 5. 


reason of a hard measure delivered to him here by my Lord Deputy, 
is now driven to repair thither for remedy. The gentleman I assure 
your Honor is learned, wise, and well given, and for the same in his 
function to be well esteemed ; he can advertise your Lordship of the 
state of things here. p. 1 . 

Dec. 5. 9. Sir R Byngham to .Secretary Davyson. For friendly 
Dublin. furtherance of the bearer, the Bishop of Meath, excellently qualified 
in his function, p. 1 . 

10. Roger Wilbraham, Solicitor General for Ireland, to Burghley. 
By virtue of Her Majesty's patent, Right Honourable, the Com- 
missioners for Munster spent one month in measuring at Dungarvan, 
Lesfynyn, and Youghal for Sir Christopher Hatton, and Sir Walter 
Rawley, and then discouraged with continual foul weather and the 
short winter days, to avoid charges, returned, leaving Mr. Robins and 
another measurer to proceed into Cork, assisted by Mr. Wiseman, 
with all the remembrances upon the former offices, where they have 
spent this quarter and now ready to return till March. 

Our commissions out of England were only to divide into 
seignories, to value and survey Her Majesty's lands, but finding, as 
heretofore, I was bold obiter to advertise your Honor, that very 
many of the offices upon Mr. Treasurer [Wallop] and Sir Valentine 
[Browne's] surveys, which should have entitled Her Majesty, for 
want of law skill therein are defective in matter, as not declaring 
what offence the offenders committed, either felony or treason ; 
or of what estate the offenders were seized either for life or in fee, 
and such like blemishes to disable the offices, which many of them 
I doubt are incurable, we thought good to procure here another new 
commission besides, to the persons named to be surveyors in 
England, to inquire of all attainted and forfeited lands, which we 
did execute and found divers offices at Dungarvan and Youghal 
whilst they measured there, and so did despatch both businesses as 
near as we could with one charge and labour ; the same course is 
continued as the measurers go forward by Mr. Justice Smythes and 
Mr. Golde. And if our chief commissioners (who sought especially 
for that short time of the year to satisfy the undertakers) would 
have divided themselves, as may appear to be Her Highness' 
meaning in appointing so many several commissioners, somewhat 
more had been done. We caused the sheriffs by our precepts to 
warn openly to appear before us all such as pretend or had any 
lands or titles intermixed or adjoining to Her Majesty's, and to 
show us their titles, which we thought a fit course to satisfy the 
world that we intended no secret encroachments unduly to Her 
Majesty, and thereby to discover some titles, that the undertakers 
were not too manifestly deluded by obtaining other men's lands, 
neither the measurers to lose their labour ; and as they come in 
(which I doubt the twentieth part doth not) so we register their 
titles. Amongst the rest in our short peregrination some ordinary 
pardons were showed to us made by the Lord Deputy, whereby 
slily some rebels' lands are given from Her Majesty before the 


1586. Voj " CXXVI1 ' 

parliament, unwitting I believe to my Lord Deputy. What loss 
may come hereby cannot certainly be conjectured till all be known, 
neither perhaps may I avouch these informations, but only in 
respect of my duty to Her Majesty and your Honor, to whom the 
special direction of these causes is committed. 

The Lord Deputy and commissioners for the debts I doubt not 
but will do their uttermost endeavour ; they are now newly entered 
into perusal of the long book of arrearages, and will I hope inform 
your Lordship, as well by their private knowledge, as by inquiries 
by commissions what may be done, and of those desperate will give 
the moiety to informers and collectors, who will undertake to find 
them out, and of the sperate will award continual process, to drive 
them to composition at least. Marry, the debts are set down upon 
false charges, others super occupator' tempore Henrici VIII., Marise, 
et Regince nunc, whose names are worn out of knowledge, in others 
terrse vastatse is made a discharge. Others are lost, for that the 
debtors either dead or alive wanted sureties, being many of them 
receivers, or their bonds embezzled and left nothing to satisfy. Of 
the old book of arrearages certified heretofore into England, some 
old debts since have been collected, but the new heap increaseth 
faster than the old abateth by the casualties aforesaid and the 
miserable penury of this country. God grant we may all do our 
bounden duties, yet upon the auditor's diligence and fidelity is 
reposed the especial charge of Her Majesty's revenues. This auditor 
is most skilful, and if he offend in anything to my conjecture, it is 
because he useth cryptyca methodi, to obscure the course of his 
proceedings, and so all that are accountable and in authority stand 
in awe to be entrapped with a dilemma, or else condemned to pay 
a true debt. If I were worthy to be heard I would wish him an 
undoubted skilful and faithful successor upon his remove. 

Postscript. For extinguishment of certain pensions here granted 
by Her Majesty, till the parties be preferred to lands of like value, 
it were profitable that lands now escheated were allotted to them by 
commission in abatement of Her Highness' charge, which daily here 
increaseth by new grants, and pensions out of England. The parties 
rest better satisfied with their pay, and therefore desire not the 
lands, &c. 

The bishops and clergy have been occupied in the Exchequer, 
and there impeached for nonpayment of first fruits this term ; 
they have instead of payment all demurred in law, and not one of 
them (Bishop Walshe except now dead) that have either paid or 
compounded according to the laws and statutes, saving such as have 
been pardoned, as my Lord Chancellor, for divers livings, and the 
Primate of Armagh for his bishoprick, have been. I preferred 
information against divers of them upon the penalty of the statute 
26 Henry VIII. for nonpayment, as of force and course in law I 
should. The Lord Bishop of Meath was so offended thereat, as he 
charged me openly at Council Board, that I proceeded agaiust Her 
Majesty's express command to myself, in that she willed us of her 
learned Counsel not to deal with extremity ; I answered it sufficiently. 




Dec. 5. 

Dec. 6. 


Dec. 6. 



They or some of them will to Her Majesty to seek pardon ; it is 
good caution that because they be good sums that Her Highness 
express of how much value they shall be pardoned ; as Her Majesty 
seldom in England, and never here, hath had the penalty of double 
value given by statute, so the single value is as due to Her Highness 
as any other revenue, and not to be pardoned but upon approved 
merit, and especial grace, pp. 1^. 

11. Petition of John Davenant of London, draper, to Burghley. 
for payment of 180. 5s. for money and wares delivered in Ireland 
by his factor, Thomas Cornwall, p. 1. 

12. The Lord Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to the Privy Council, 
for licence to repair to Court to attend on Her Majesty a short time, 
leaving the Great Seal in the custody of one of the Council, p. |. 

13. Mr. Chief Justice Robert Gardener to Burghley. The respect 
of your Honor's great affairs and not having causes either of 
sufficient importance or certainty hitherto have stayed me from 
incumbering your Honor in these so troubled times. Yet now, 
considering with duty, Her Majesty's princely with more Christian 
charge, by Her Majesty at my departing delivered, adding as 
gracious reward in performing as just judgment in. neglecting the 
same ; hath now moved me to present unto your Honor's patience 
these few lines containing some particulars to be considered . ot 
in a time cauteled out from your Honor's far greater business. 
First, Her Majesty's charge contained in a most Christian and 
princelike care general, in administration of justice to all, with 
commandment to yield my best /advice in causes of law and justice, 
unto my good Lord Her Majesty's Deputy for his better direction ; 
with caution to have a special regard to Her Majesty's Exchequer 
causes, with care of Her Grace's revenues, and collection thereof, 
and not to admit any decay without just ground ; for confir- 
mation whereof my patent authorises me to have superintendence 
and oversight, with some mean of reformation of abuses informed 
Her Majesty ; also' named one of the six commissioners touching 
acceptance of surrenders and granting of leases, the Lord Deputy 
only of the quorum. 

Touching the first, I refer myself to the complaint of such Her 
Majesty's subjects as are inheritable to law and justice. To the 
second I answer I have showed my good will in causes touching 
my profession, more often than called or well liked, acknowledging 
my apparent weakness hath rather hindered than that Her 
Majesty's commandment by me related unto his Lordship, or plain 
words in my patent expressed, have been doubted of; yet with 
this confession that it often pleased his Lordship to make question 
of my authority, affirming he will use his sole absolute and arbi- 
trable power not yet restrained. To the rest, I understand by 
Mr. Treasurer and others, Her Majesty's chief officers, that Her 
Majesty's revenues doth and are daily like, more to decay some 



part by supposed waste by want of habitation, where the rest is 
in value four times the rent, also with present hope of speedy 
rehabitation ; also by making of leases, or grant of custodiam, 
without survey, office, or extent, or by admitting so late office 
taken before some corrupt escheator or feodary, without considering 
former surveys or extents, my said Lord, always using the hands 
of some two or three of the commissioners, who only by warrant 
of his Lordship's hand without further examination, either of 
value or quantity, confirmeth the same. I somewhat therewith 
discontent, am at no time therein used, contrary to Her Majesty's 
express commandment, patent, and trust reposed. Also we have 
with some care, of late, espied some Her Majesty's records embezzled, 
some lately forged and filed as ancient, to Her Majesty's great 
disherison. Of the offenders, some found and to receive their 
condign punishment. 

I do with respect of some dangerous event, lament the division 
betwixt the English and Irish Councillors, my Lord [Deputy 
Perrot], only noted to incline to the more strange and less in 
number, which will move them, I fear, to breed their great profit, 
to no little hurt, both to Her Majesty and subject. His Lordship 
not remembering Her Majesty's instruction, viz., that nothing 
of weight, or chargeable to Her Majesty or subject, should without 
the assent of more part of the Council pass. My Lord Chancellor 
with one part stand grieved, that contrary to our statutes and 
former uses, his Lordship only, without allowance of any of the 
English part, maketh all justices of peace, appointeth the justices 
by commission to ride circuit in their own countries, nominateth 
sheriffs, not chosen either according to the statute or former use, 
but some men of livery, without either wealth, freehold or knowledge, 
some not inhabiting within the shire, some to continue two or 
three years, many other being more sufficient, to the offence of the 
more worshipful, and spoil of the subject ; neither careful in service 
to any Her Majesty's Courts, nor trusty in collection of Her 
Majesty's duties, and yet in the end either to make no account, 
or not able to satisfy any fine most justly imposed upon them for 
their contempts. I might have been partaker of great gain (strange 
to be believed in so poor a country) if I could or would have 
preferred such sheriffs ; the hurt thereof I refer to your Honor's 
wisdom. If it would please his Lordship to continue yearly the 
sending of justices in circuit, with small charge unto Her Majesty 
(a course almost now neglected), and to spare private hearing of 
more causes than all Courts of Law stand possessed of, adjudging 
them (though touching freehold) without respect of the grounds of 
law, but arbitrable, and yet, as I fear, with more charge and greater 
offence to the subject; I stand persuaded it would spare much blood 
and more treasure, breed peace and bring knowledge even to the 
most barbarous ; as eyewitness, lately sent into some part of 
Ulster to hold sessions, I. do affirm, I saw a most rare obedience, 
even amongst the best yet most wild, yielding to and calling for 
justice, each with marvellous patience, though to loss of life. 




Dec. 7. 


Dec. 7. 



Thus right Honorable, without intent to complain of any, or to 
join with some, but wishing well to all, I rest with ease as not 
used petitioner to be directed by your Honor how and how far to 
proceed, and my Lord Deputy what to believe. And thus in all 
dutiful obedience I end, petitioner unto the Almighty for the long 
continuance of your good Lordship in all honor long to our comfort. 
pp. 2. 

14-. Lord Deputy Perrot to Secretary Davison. I am most glad 
to learn that Her Majesty hath chosen you to-be one of her principal 
secretaries, as well for the service of the State as for the ease of 
Mr. Secretary Walsyngham. I shall be driven often to trouble you 
with many things, so long as I hold this place, which I had done 
before this time if Charles Russell had not fallen sick of an Irish 
ague, whereof he is like to die, but this bearer, [Thomas Williams] 
my kinsman, is able to deliver much of this unhappy state, whom 
you may credit, for he is an honest gentleman. He is driven thither 
to complain upon the Chancellor here, who most partially dealeth 
against him in Chancerj^ on [Thomas Colcloght] his son-in-law's 
behalf, for a piece of land. My kinsman requireth to have the 
matter brought before all the Council here, or at the common law, 
as in the like case hath been used, in Cusake's case for the removing 
of that matter from the Chancellor, because one that should have 
married his daughter was a party against the said Cusake. 

There was never any Governor here, that held my place, but 
was subject to malicious tongues ; I pray you therefore if any man 
say ought 'of me there that may touch me in credit, let him set 
it down in writing and set his hand unto it, for wind hath more 
hurt me, delivered in corners, than matter. And so hoping to 
send yon some horse of this country breed, I commit you to God. 
Original, p. 1. 

15. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. My singular 
good Lord. The occasion given by this enclosed shall suffice, I 
hope, to excuse why after so late writing, I now eftsoons trouble 
your Honor. I confess this to be a true copy of my last letter to 
Her Majesty, but it is thought he hath the letter itself. If it be 
so, 1 refer my case to Her Majesty's gracious consideration and 
yours. These and such like contentious quarrels and challenges 
be the fruits of our meetings. And to be plain with your Honor, 
the discord in the body of this Council is such, and so far beyond 
measure and modesty, as in discharge of my duty I must forewarn, 
that if it be not speedily stopped, I fear it will break out to our 
own shame, and the hazard of the common tranquillity of this realm. 
For even yesterday young [Thomas] Colcloght, son-in-law to the 
Chancellor, and his wife were committed ; he for uttering unseemly 
and contemptuous speeches of the Deputy, and she for reporting by 
her letter that a serjeant-at-arms was come to fetch him away. 
This bred some broil among us. We all pretend to follow the 
sword, but there are noted that oppose themselves against him 
that carrieth it. 


n ron VOL. CXXVII. 


Her Majesty's letters of difference atwixt the English and Irish 
Councillors is daily renewed to the Deputy. For mine own part 
I wish we were either spared or limited from being an offensive 
stone to such as can do better in Her Majesty's service. As this 
unquiet course is much against my nature, so is it unagreeable to 
my disposition to treat by writing so particularly of it, but that 
1 may not hide anj-thing from your Lordship, on whom under God 
and Her Majesty I chiefly depend. This honest gentleman, Mr. 
[Thomas] Williams (whom I favor for Mrs. Blanche's sake) hath 
assured me the safe carriage of my letter to your Honor. He 
knoweth much of our doings here, as one near the Deputy, and 
drawn into some trouble of late in defence of his wife's right. To 
my knowledge he hath behaved himself here both wise and honest. 
Poor Vaughan hath ended his life before the passing of his warrant, 
and Eylande, Sheriff of Roscommon, is run away to prevent his 
judgment, p. 1. Incloses, 

15. I. Sir Nicholas White to the Queen. Most gracious sovereign 
Lady, it is fallen out (God be thanked), even as I hoped in my last 
letters to Your Majesty, for upon the approaching of your Deputy 
to the frontiers of this province, there are slain and drowned to 
the number of 3,400 of the Scots, and none of the rest like to 
escape, so as all the forces of your Pale, which tceve both great 
and willing to draw hither, are now stayed, and Your Majesty s 
Deputy only to occupy himself in re-settling this province as well 
by examining tlw causes that moved the drawing in of those 
barbarous enemies, as also by all other good means and ways 
necessary. 1586. Copy. 

Together with the following attestation that, 

Sir Richard JByngham, in open assembly of the Lord Deputy 
and Council at the Castle of Dublin, the *7th of December 1586, 
charged Sir Nicholas White in ireful manner, with writing of a 
letter to Her Majesty, whereof he said this above written is a copy, 
and [said] that he had the same out of Blanche Aparye's chamber. 
We being then present hearers of these words, do, at the request of 
the said Sir Nicholas, testify the same for truth with the subscrip- 
tion of our hands. John [Long] A rclibishop of Armagh, John 
[Garvey] Bishop of Kilmore, Lucas Dillon, Robert Dillon, p. 1. 

Dec. 7. 16. The Attorney Ch. Calthorpe and Solicitor General Roger 
Wilbraham to [Perrot]. Certify the grounds of the process awarded 
against A. Loftus, the Archbishop of Dublin ; T. Jones, the Bishop 
of Meath ; D. Neylan, the Bishop of Kildare ; Hugh Allen, Bishop 
of Ferns ; Doctor Conway ; Robert Draper, parson of Trim ; Clement 
Fuller, vicar of Galtrim ; Godfrey Loftus, and others of the clergy 
of best ability for double first fruits. One of whom will have to 
pay near 1,000?. 

[Indorsed by Sir John Perrot :] The certificate of the attorney 
and solicitor for the cause of first fruits, p. 1. 

Dec. 8. 17. Certificate by Robert Legge, Deputy Remembrancer, of the 

virtual abolition of the Pipe Office and the office of the Second 


1586. VOL.CXXVH. 

Kemembrancer by the Auditor's usurpations. The Auditor giveth 
the Accountant's quietus est under his own hand, which is no part 
of his office, p. 1. 

Dec. 8. 18. Book containing the following pieces : Proceedings by 
information in the Exchequer against the Bishop of Meath, Doctor 
Conway and Robert Draper, parson of Trim. Note of such Bishops 
and others as are sued for double fruits upon the Statute 26 Hen. 
VIII. Collection of the arrearages of first fruits. These contain 
the names of many of the clergy of the time, amongst others James 
Weslye, vicar of Maynam ; Edmondus Spenser, prebendary of Effin ; 
and Thaddseus Dowlinge, treasurer of Leighlin. Also copy of the 
certificate of 7 Dec., No. 16. pp. 29. 

Dec. 8. 19. Brief of the account of money received upon the late 
taxations of bishopricks and spiritual livings in Connaught and 
Thomond. pp. 8. 

Dec. 8. 20. Reckoning between Thomas Jenyson and Michael Kettlewell, 
from 29 September 1580 to 31 July 1585, whereby may be seen 
what deceit he hath used. Indorsed by Burghley " sent from the 
L. Depute." pp. 6. 

Dec. 9. 21. Sir Lucas Dillon to Burghley. My humble duty always 
Dublin: considered, I do presume notwithstanding your Lordship's many 
weighty affairs to trouble your Honor with these few lines, craving 
pardon for my boldness. It hath pleased the Lord Deputy of his 
mere motion (for neither did I, nor became me to, intrude) upon 
his first arrival here to employ me, as he did others, in the present 
actions of service, wherein (I take God to witness) I have done my 
best endeavour with zeal and affection, and so have continued to 
this present, of which attendance I have been very desirous to be 
rid if I might with my duty, and the rather for that I was given 
to understand that instructions came from thence (as some gave 
out) that those of this country birth which were of the Council 
should be secluded from consultation in matters of weight and 
secrecy, of which rumour or speech Sir Nicholas White and myself 
determined to take no knowledge, knowing it our duties to think 
reverently of any direction that should be sent, and now to our 
discomfort we see as it were by way of exception the difference 
betwixt us, and those born in England remembered. Therefore I 
humbly pray your Honor to afford your upright and grave judgment 
herein, and let not the place of our birth scandalise our faithful 
service. There hath of late happened many contentious discourses, 
signif} T ing great discontentation betwixt the Lord Deputy and 
Lord Chancellor, wherein for my own part I have used all honest 
and peaceable offices, and for that I have seemed to wish that words 
of provocation should be eschewed, and the Lord Deputy in respect 
,, of the place to be more regarded, I know it is offensively taken. 

But this I fear, that out of these factious contentions there can 
come no good to the service, which your Honor shall do well to 
prevent by your authority. The realm was never in that universal 
quiet since I remember, and like enough so to continue, if foreign 


i *Q VoL - CXXVIL 


parts make no attempt. This bearer, Mr. Thomas Williams, who 
hath been in all parts of the realm with the Lord Deputy and 
otherwise in the exercise of his office, can show the particular state 
of all places and persons. The gentleman hath lived chargeably 
and painfully to the good liking of all those that he hath had to 
do withal, unless it be such in pay as without just cause have 
misliked with him for doing that which he is by duty and oath 
bound to do, so praying God to prosper your Lordship in all your 
actions and continue your health, I humbly take leave, pp. 1. 

Dec. 10. 22. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. According as in my last I 
Dublin. advertised your Lordship, I have now by this bearer, my servant, 
sent your Honor, the notes and books of the old and new com- 
position, in perusing whereof your Lordship shall easily discern 
the difference betwixt them both, and what hath been the causes, 
stops, and lets, that the same took not so good effect as at the first 
was intended. Also I have sent your Honour a book importing 
. all such entertainments as have grown due to me since the time I first charge here, and therewithal what moneys I have received 
as well within the province as by way of imprest from the Treasurer, 
wherein although it seemeth by the sum received from the Trea- 
surer that the revenues of the province answereth not the charges 
of the same, yet this that ensueth considered it wanteth little or 
nothing. The receipts from the Treasurer are 1,210/., as by the 
book appeareth, against which set 300?., and odd money that the 
Treasurer had out of the province, the first year I came into the 
same, certain impost money taken out of the province by Anthony 
"White to the sum of 150?. ; also the rents of the house and abbey 
of Athlone employed out of the province by my Lord Deputy to 
the sum of 100?. or thereabouts ; also divers of the revenue rents 
of the province paid into the Exchequer before I had deputation 
from the Treasurer to receive it, to the sum at the least of 120?. ; 
then the extraordinaries of the journey into the county of Sligo, 
by order and concordatum when I brought thence O'Rourke's 
pledge and won Ballimote to the sum of 150?. The extraordinary 
for the building of the bridge of Ballinasloe 50?., besides other 
extraordinaries as in my account appeareth, amounting all to about 
900?., and then that I have paid to Mr. John Marbury, an assistant 
in the province, Gerald Comerford, Her Majesty's Attorney, and 
John More, clerk of the Crown, having fees and pensions allowed 
them and yet not being set down in the establishment, to whom 
I have paid about 180?., your Lordship shall find that there wanteth 
very little to defray the charges of the province with the receipts 
of the same. And yet the impost of Galway was never so little 
as it hath been since my time, and at my coming in, Mr. Brabazon 
had a good part of the composition rents of Theobald Dillon. 
Hereafter I hope it shall better bear the same than hitherto it 
hath done. Touching the composition money brought in by 
Theobald Dillon it appeareth by his account for the first half year 
after the new composition, that he did bring in about 1,]00?., since 
which time, there have been taken off from the O'Kelly's country 




3s. 4cL on every quarter, and so their rents fallen yearly 100Z.; 
also there hath been taken off from O'Rourke's country 100?. per 
annum, by reason whereof and the troubles in the county of Mayo, 
the next rents should have abated much upon the receipt of it, 
and yet with that which is received already, as by my note sent 
to your Honor appeareth, and with some of the first half year's 
rent due at Easter 1586, yet to be received, I fall nothing short 
at all, and do hope it shall be brought in better and better, every 
receipt following. I have also by my servant sent your Honor a 
note of such extraordinaries as I disbursed, at the several journeys 
I made against Mahon O'Brien, the Burkes, and the Scots, wherein 
I do not expect satisfaction, but do desire that your Lordship may 
. view and peruse it, that it may be seen in what sort I have managed 
and husbanded those services for Her Majesty. The other extra- 
ordinaries mentioned before, and which also do appear in mine 
account sent to your Honor, are already accounted for and 
discharged. These last extraordinaries before mentioned are also 
discharged and paid, but not by Her Majesty, for out of booty and 
prey beeves, I made a reservation of some number, which with 
other good means that I have used, hath defrayed that charge, 
and yet have not therein either charged the country in any sort 
that might infringe or break the composition, or have diminished, 
tolerated, and suspended any part thereof, but have still preserved 
the same inviolable ; and withal had still a care that I might not, 
nor did not, in any such sort impoverish the inhabitants of those 
parts that were in action, but left them wherewithal to live and 
answer Her Majesty's rents entirely, so as the same shall not in 
any part diminish. Incloses, 

22. i. State of the new composition in Connaught, and the 
manner of the old, with the difference between them. pp. 11. 

22. TI. Account of Sir Richard Byngham, Chief Commissioner 
in Connaught, from the first time of his entry, being 1 MayI584<, to 
30 Sept. 1586. pp. 4. 

22. in. Extraordinary charges of the journey and services 
against the Burkes and the Scots in July, August, and September 
1586. p. 1. 

Dec. 10. 23. Extraordinary charges of Sir K. Byngham, Chief Commis- 
sioner of Connaught, from 1 May 3584 to 30 Sept. 1586. pp. 4. 

Dec. 11. 24. Lord Deputy Perrot to Mr. Thomas Randolph. I have 
Dublin. received two letters from you, the one of the 8th of October, the 
other of the 1st of November last, which were most welcome 
unto me, and so shall all that you write, as knowing certainly the 
same cometh from a sure friend, to whom I vow all good will. 
You write in the first, that [Francis] Russell should deliver me all 
the news. Her Majesty sent him unto me, with certain messages 
by word, but before he could return the Lord called him to his 
mercy; I have had as great a loss of him as any master could 
have of a most faithful servant, the like of whom I look not to 




Dec. 12. 


Dec. 12. 



have this 20 years, if I should live so long, I think you will now 
provide there to avoid the perils you were like to fall into of late, 
otherwise God bestows his grace in vain upon you. Touching the 
cause you have here, I will do therein more than if it were mine 
own matter, as Mr. Ball shall inform you, who hath spoken with 
me already. How I have been dealt withal there, this bearer 
[T. Williams], my kinsman, shall declare unto you, who hath been 
an eye-witness in most of the actions and knows how the state 
stands here. I pray you make him acquainted with Mr. Secretary 
Davison, and assure him from me, he shall find him an honest man, 
and able to make him understand many things necessary for his 
knowledge, p. %. 

o Jr o 

25. The Chancellor Archbishop of Dublin to Burghley. The 
Lord Deputy has vowed to work presently his utter overthrow. 
p. . Incloses, 

25. i. The Chancellor to the Privy Council. The causes that 
the Lord Deputy is so displeased with him. He refused to put his 
hand to a concordatum whereby 200 of Her Majesty's beeves should 
have been converted to the Deputy's private commodity. Fears for 
his life. His daughter's hazard in close prison. Copy. pp. 2. 

Dec. 12, Dublin. 

26. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. Answers the mislike of the 
increase of the revenue in Connaught. His regard for the estate 
of the meaner tenants. And yet in satisfying your Honor further 
in this point, I assure the same I was so careful for the avoiding of 
their inconveniences, as (for the regard I had to better the state of 
the meaner tenants and common people) the principal gentlemen 
termed me, Captain of the churls. 

Also whereas the O'Kellys, being Her Majesty's best subjects 
within the province, and such as in all broils and stirs have chiefly 
answered the necessities of Her Majesty's garrisons there heretofore, 
were heightened in the new composition above all other parts of 
the province, and were laid down to pay 13s. 4<d. on a quarter of 
land, when all others paid but 10s. (a thing which greatly grieved 
them, and the rather for that they saw such as in times past, had 
carried themselves most disloyally, were better dealt withal than 
they were). I was an earnest mean to bring them down to an 
equality with the rest of the province, which at the length although 
hardly, I obtained. How gladly also I would have brought all the 
province to a rent certain, without any allowance of freedom or 
waste land, although they had paid the less on every quarter, to the 
end the receipt thereof might be smooth without intricacy, it is 
not unknown to such as were joined with me in that service. But 
that your Lordship may plainly be acquainted with the intention 
of the new composition, and the altering of the plot first laid for 
the same, I humbly beseech your Honor to peruse the discourse 
abovesaid. I understand that my Lord Deputy hath now sent over 
an Irish gentleman of O'Donnell's country called Hugh M'Icallye 
to seek some consideration (as it is here given forth) for the good 
service he did in drawing the soldiers upon Alexander M'Sorley 
3. p 


1586. VOL ' CXXVIL 

[Boy M'Donnell], when the said Alexander and twelve or thirteen 
Scots were slain. But truly I think his Lordship hath some further 
policy in sending him over, or else he would not send so rude a 
man thither, to charge Her Majesty and to trouble your Lordships. 
If it be to advance the service of killing the said Sorley's son, then 
I know it is to disgrace the service I did against James M'Donnell's 
sons, either in reporting the number overthrown by me to be less 
than it was, or else to abase Donnell Gorm [M'Donnell] and 
Alexander Carragh [M'Donnell] as mean men in respect of Sorley's 
son, nevertheless it is well known that Sorley Boy and his son were 
but followers of James M'Donnell's sons, and men of a far meaner 
quality ; I write not this unto your Honor, I protest, as having an 
intent to blazon the service, I did it of purpose to let your Lordship 
understand the truth, that I may not be disgraced by mine enemies. 
If any such practice be against me, I humbly beseech your Honor 
to suspend your judgment till you know the truth, which you 
shall every day hear by occurents [occurrences] from hence, better 
and better, although I have most truly written your Honor the 
discourse of that service already. I think it is not unknown to 
your Honor how hardly my Lord Deputy dealeth with the Lord 
Chancellor and others here. It were to be wished that he might 
have some caveat from thence, to carry himself in a more " calmer" 
and staid course, pp. 2. 

Dec. 13. 27. Wallop to Burghley. Having twice formerly in discharge 
Dublin. of my duty, written to your Lordship of the manner of the letting 
and setting Her Majesty's lands, granting of wards, concordatums 
and pardons, et ctetera, whereof as yet in respect of your other great 
affairs I have had no answer, presuming that as time may serve 
your Lordship you will vouchsafe to write me some few lines of 
your opinion and pleasure therein, the abuse thereof (as I conceive 
it) continuing still, maketh me eftsoons to put you in mind thereof, 
my last to your Lordship concerning that matter was towards the 
end of one of my letters of the 12th of August last, but more fully 
in a letter of the 26th of April before, wherein that matter is 
written with my own hand. In respect I think those things to be 
otherwise dealt in than is for Her Majesty's profit, or than the 
words of the several commissions beareth, 1 do forbear to set my 
hand to anything passed, whereto I have not been made privy 
before the granting, if it be any such as by commission should pass 
by consent of more than the Lord Deputy, and the rather I follow 
that course, because I find Mr. Gardener the Chief Justice to 
concur with me in the same opinion, wherein if our consciences, 
and the zeal of Her Majesty's service did not move us, we could be 
well contented, rather to be plausible as well as others are, than to 
suffer the mislike that groweth by our refusal, I find hitherto such 
sincerity, sufficiency, and constancy in the Chief Justice as I must 
needs say I never saw in any man since my coming to serve in this 
country, to run so direct a course, which maketh me so much the 
more easily to be confirmed [" confyermed "] with his judgment, 
yet neither of us so wilful but that we are ready to reform our 




opinions by any better, in which respect I do earnestly beseech 
your Lordship to signify unto me your liking or misliking of the 

P.S. I know your Lordship cannot but be advertised by sundry 
means of the continual jarring and mislike that is between the Lord 
Deputy and the Lord Chancellor, wherein I can commend neither 
of them, but so long as it shall continue it cannot but many ways 
hinder Her Majesty's service, and here I see none that can appease 
it. pp. 1. 

Dec. 13. 28. Wallop to Burghley. The treasure last sent nearly all issued. 
Dublin. His lameness brought him back from Youghal leaving the other 
Commissioners to measure and bound the lands. His account as 
Vice-treasurer up to Michaelmas 1585 passed. Desires Chapman 
may be returned with the dockets of payments in England. 
Desires that a breviate of his account under the Commissioners' 
hands may suffice. 

This bearer to solicit your Lordship in my behalf concerning my 
suit for the feefarm of the friaries of Adare and abbeys of Nenagh 
and Negilaugh, which I have in lease, and certain other parcels of 
the attainted land near adjoining, and whereof I have formerly 
written overtediously to your Lordship, and most particularly in a 
letter of the 1 2th of August last past, neither would I eftsoons 
trouble your Lordship therein, were it not that the opinion which 
the world might conceive of the rejecting my suit in so small a 
thing doth somewhat trouble me. It may be your Lordship is given 
to understand, that the things be of greater importance than they 
be indeed. In which case I do humbly beseech you, to consider 
well who it is, that so informeth you, and if his credit weigh not 
much more with your Lordship than mine, to believe it to be 
malicious and untrue, and tending haply to satisfy some more 
immoderate and greedy desire of his own, than mine is. The 
feefarm of that which already I have in lease I hope will not seem 
any great matter, and the rest being but small parcels I require but 
as an undertaker by Her Majesty's assignment, whereunto others 
are urged, and I offer myself, with a sincere intention, as much of 
the service as of mine own commodity, for I know right well, that 
by reedifying of the houses, the peopling and stocking of the lands 
will be a matter of greater charge, than the commodity will 
countervale in many years, and whether the informer have the like 
will and means to do good in those parts that I have, I leave it to 
your Lordship's grave judgment. If I did not presume much on 
your Lordship's favor, I would not so often trouble you in so small a 
matter, wherein if it shall please you to signify unto me, what I may 
expect, whether it be agreeable to my request or otherwise, I shall 
rest satisfied, and have no more occasion to importune your Lordship 
further in that behalf. And whereas your Lordship wrote unto me 
that Her Majesty liked not, that either deputy or treasurer should 
purchase here, if it may please your Lordship therein Her Majesty 
mistaketh my suit, which is but of Her bounty to have the feefarm 
of those abbeys, and certain quillets of the attainted lands, and not 

P 2 




Dec. 14. 


Dec. 1 5. 



to purchase them having not wherewith to purchase, either here or 
there, beseeching your Lordship to make Her Majesty rightly to 
understand my suit, and then I hope she will not think that or a 
better thing evil bestowed on me. pp. 3. 

29. Captain John Barrington to Burghley. That his pension of 
4s. per diem, may* be quarterly paid to the bearer Alexander 
Barrington his son for his maintenance at the Inns of Court, p. |. 

30. Wallop to Burghley. His thankfulness for Burghley 's many 
favors and courtesies. I humbly beseech your Lordship to accept 
in good part the simple token of my goodwill, which this bearer, 
my man, shall deliver unto you with my most hearty wish of a 
happy new year, which I beseech Almighty God may with many 
more be prosperous unto your Lordship, and that you will 
vouchsafe to measure my affection and grateful mind rather by that 
certain rule which your wisdom useth to discern the dispositions of 
men, than by the value, which I am sure is the least that your 
Lordship doth regard in such things, and even so I humbly 
commend myself to the continuance of your good favor. Indorsed 
by Burghley, a new year's gift. p. 1. 

31. Sir R. Byngham to the Privy Council. The many reproaches 
cas t on i,i m by the Lord Deputy disable him from doing that 
service to Her Majesty which he might. Peril of many disorders 
and revolts that may happen. The proceedings in the Star Chamber 
against Henry Eyland, a sheriff under his charge, p. 1. 

Dec. 15. 32. Petition in the behalf of Sir Ric. Byngham to the Lord 
Burghley. That he may have the full execution of his office in 
Connaught, and not be crossed by the Lord Deputy as now he is. 
Henry Eyland wrongfully fined for a spite to Byngham. p. 1. 

Dec. 15. 

Dec. 17. 


33. Robert Legge, Deputy Remembrancer, to 

-. His pains 

and travel in calling in divers debts upon recognizances, bonds, and 
arrearages, and in bringing sheriffs orderly to account. The credit 
of certain causes found out by him the last Michaelmas tending to 
Her Majesty's disherison is taken by others, pp. 2. 

Dec. 18. 34. Chancellor Archbishop Loftus to Burghley. Since the last 
St. Sepulchres, passage from hence, Philip Williams, late Secretary to my Lord 
Deputy, being in close prison, for what cause I know not, sent 
unto me a gentleman, earnestly requesting me, that I would be a 
mean to some of your Lordships of the Council, that he might be 
sent for over, where he would disclose matter greatly concerning 
Her Majesty, by whom I returned answer that although I were 
loth to intermeddle in his causes, yet if he would give me an 
inkling of the matters, that it might appear unto me they carried 
such weight, I would yield to his request, whereunto he replied, 
that they were of such importance, and so nearly concerning Her 
Majesty, that he would not disclose them, whatsoever became of 
him, to any creature, but to Her own person. And although I 
utterly denied him to deal in the cause, yet for that these dangerous 




times give me just cause to be jealous of the smallest matters that 
any way may have colour to touch Her Majesty, and that great 
matters have sprung from as small beginnings as this, I thought 
it my duty to advertise your Lordship thereof, leaving it to be 
used as your Lordship shall think best. p. 1. 

[This seems the first real step against Sir John Perrot] 

[Dec. 20.] 35. Sir Henry Bagenall's description of the present state of 
Ulster showing the divisions and commodities of the country, the 
names of the different nations, their several dependencies, strength 
and government. [Another Copy is indorsed 1587 March, and 
placed next 6 March. See also Carew, II. p. 435. No. 623.] pp. 14. 

Dec. 20. 36. Petition of Thomas Chapman, clerk of the Auditor in Ireland, 
to Burghley. To be employed by Her Majesty in keeping the 
Treasurer's Ledger Books, &c. at 4s. Od. per diem. His loss of a 
good grant by attending to Her Majesty's service and neglecting 
to sue for it in person, pp. 3. 

Dec. [20.] 37. Petition of Thomas Chapman, clerk of the Auditor in Ireland, 
to Burghley. He has a new draft for a commission for taking 
Wallop's accounts. Petition for a patent for his pension of 2s 
per diem, which he has hitherto had by concordatum. pp. 2. 

Dec. 22. 38. Earl of Ormond to Burghley. Commends the bearer [John 
Westminster. Power] son to the Lord Power [Baron of Curraghmore.] p. . 

[Dec. 22.] 39. Petition of John Power, son to Richard Lord Power and 
Baron of Curraghmore, in the county of Waterford, to the Privy 
Council. For letters to the Lord Deputy and Council to call 
Nicholas Power, of Donnhill, gent., to answer petitioner's complaint 
for the Castle, town, and lands of Donnhill, Killarysy, &c., with a 
pedigree, p. 1. 

Dec. 22. 

Dec. 24. 

Dec. 28. 


Dec. 29. 

Dec. 30. 

40. Petition of John Davenant to Burghley. For payment of 
180?. 5s. Od, for money and wares delivered by Thomas Cornwall 
in Ireland, p. 1. 

41. Note of suitors for payment in Oct. 10 Nov. and 24 Dec. 
1586, of whom some were paid. p. 1. 

42. G. Fen ton to Burghley. Renews his suit to Her Majesty 
for recompense of his service, p. 1 . 

43. Petition of George Thornton, Captain of the Handmaid, to 
the Lord Deputy. Shows the known defects of his ship, one of 
the Royal Navy, 23 in number. Mr. Hawkins bound to repair 
it. His request to have the Tramontana which is better suited to 
the service of Ireland, p. 1. 

44. A note of prisoners in the Castle of Dublin ; viz., Morris 
Fitzwater, committed by the Lord Deputy ; Philip O'Reilly, com- 
mitted by the Lord Deputy ; Henry O'Neill and his brother Art 
O'Neill, committed by Lord Deputy ; Henry Birde, committed by 


- K& ~ VOL. CXXVII. 


Lord Deputy ; three pledges of Maguire's, committed by Lord 
Deputy ; Edmund M'Mahon pledge for his father, Captain of Ferney, 
committed by Lord Deputy ; Sorley Boy M'Donnell's son, committed 
by Lord Deputy ; Cahir M'Hugh [qy. O'Byrne], committed by the 
Lord Deputy ; Phelim O'Tool, condemned and saved by his book, 
committed by Lord Deputy; Conor O'Reilly, pledge for Mulmorrough 
O'Reilly, committed by Lord Deputy ; Neale Grorne, pledge for 
O'Donnell, committed by Lord Deputy; M'Mahon 's two pledges, 
committed by Lord Deputy; Turlough Braselagh's two pledges, 
committed by Lord Deputy ; O'Cahan's pledge, committed by Lord 
Deputy ; O'Neill's pledge, committed by Lord Deputy ; Donnell 
Spaniagh Kavanagh's pledge, committed by Lord Deputy ; Mortagh 
M'Brian, Bishop of Emly, for usurpation from Rome, committed 
by Meyler Magrath, Archbishop of Cashel ; Sir John Walshe, priest, 
brought in by my Lord Primate of Armagh ; Sir Patrick Hoyen, 
priest, committed by Sir Henry Wallop and Geoffrey Fenton ; Sir 
Barnaby Egan, priest, committed by the Lord Chancellor Archbishop 
Loftus. p. 1^. [Indorsed by Perrot."] 

Dec. 45. Petition of wen Conell, of Dublin, to Burghley. For payment 

of 921 8s. Od. p. . 

Dec. 46. Petition of G. Beverley to Burghley. For a letter to be 

written into Ireland for the victualling the garrison by imprests 
in money to be partly paid by the composition, p. 1. 

Dec. 47. Petition of Richard Wingfield to Burghley. For payment of 

268?. Os. 2d. for Sir H. Wallop, p. 1. 

1586 ? 48. Note of bands of soldiers in Ireland by Burghley. p. 1. 

49. Note of munition in Ireland under the hand of Henry 
Fyssher. p. 1. 

50. Note of such money as hath been taken out of the Province 
of Connaught during Sir R. Byngham's government, which should 
have defrayed the entertainments. For the Lord Treasurer, p. 1. 

51. Hibernia : Abstractum supervises ibidem facti, annis 27 et 
28 Dominse nostrse Reginge Elizabethse. Ireland : The yearly 
value of the late Earl of Desmond's lands in the counties of Limerick, 
2413?. 17s. 2d; Kerry, 2711?. Is. 2^d ; Cork, 1569?. Is. lld ; 
Waterford, 242?. 14s. 2d ; Tipperary, 60?. Os. Oc?.; City of Dublin, 
42?. 8s. OdL: in all, 7039?. 2s. 6d. 

Lands of particular rebels, actors and confederates with the said 
late Earl, viz., in the several counties of Limerick, 1128?. 2s. 5|c?. ; 
Kerry, 344?. 16s. Sd. ; Cork, 916?. 2s. Sd. ; Waterford, 255?. 13s. 4d; 
Tipperary, 66?. 13s. 4t?. ; Kilkenny, 4?. Os. Oc?. : in all, 2715?. 8s. 5.. 
Attainted lands in the English Pale, 599?. 1 7s. [. . .]. Abbey Lands 

[ ]. Ancient inherita Concealed .... 

[< J ]74 .... Making a gross total of 10,490?. 17s. Oc?. Whereof 
in, rents and farms paid in money and provision, 7010?. 9s. 8c?. ; 
rents of freehold tenants, 857?. 2s. 2cZ. ; rents and services of custom- 


1586? VOL.CXXVII. 

ary tenants of chargeable lands, 16951. 7s. 7d. ; stipends,wages, and 
victuals of galloglasses and others, 833Z. 17s. 6df. Refection [from 
abbey lands], 34Z. Os. Od. 

Many persons liable to payment and performance of the aforesaid 
duties, were not convict and attainted .... possess their lands 
still as before, and therefore ought to yield unto Her Majesty all 
rents and services ... in time past they have done, to the late 

The names and number of those men, with the yearly profits to 
rise of their lands, shall best be discerned by conferring the several 
letters patents already granted with the survey lately taken. 

By this travail it will appear what is to be put in charge, and 
called for, to the Queen's Majesty's use; also what benefit riseth 
either by the undertakers, or by the others, and how much by them 

Divers things, as it appeareth by the book, rest yet to be 
surveyed, [p. 1. Much damaged.] 

52. Debts chiefly for Ireland causes due to James Forster Thomas 
Pullison, William Dolphin, Robert Curson, and others, p. 1. 

53. Note of munition demanded for the realm of Ireland, by Sir 
J. Perrot. p. 1. 

54. Memorials for an Instruction to be sent for Ireland, pp. 2. 

55. Breviate of the benefit of the Prerogative for the provisions 
of the household and stable of the Lord Deputy. Note of the com- 
position between the Lord Deputy that now is and the country. 
p. I. 

56. Note of lands, parsonages, &c., belonging to the Priory of 
Kilha, both in Desmond and Kerry, pp. 2. 

57, 58. Earl of Ormond's answer touching the lands of William 
O'Magher of Cloinemore, Edmond O'Hedien, John Burke, and 
Walter Burke Fitz John of Muskerry, in the liberty of Tipperary, 
escheated to the Earl of Ormond, which be found for the Queen 
and their names put into the Act of Attainder of John Browne. 
Two papers, pp. 2 

59. Petition of Lady Thomasina Malbie to Lord Burghley. In 
behalf of Anthony Brabazon who hath disbursed 1800Z. in Sir 
Nicholas Malbie's debts and funeral, p. 1. 

60. Burghley's note of the charge of the army. p. 1. 

61. Burghley's rate for a half year's charge in Ireland, pp. 3. 

62. Note for the Bishop of Ossory. To have license to detain 
livings, &c. in his collation for the bettering of his living, p. 1. 

63. Names of the eight that are laid down not to be offenders 
though named in the Act of Attainder of Desmond : William 
M'Dermod O'Meagher, of Clonmore, in the county of Tipperary j 



Thom<os Nascarty, of Kilbullane [Killane], in the county of Cork; 
Melaglilin O'Curran of Ballivollin, in the county of Tipperary ; 
John Oge [M.'Thomas], of Clonee [Clonea], in the county of 
Waterford ; James Fitz John, of Polcherre, in the county of Cork ; 
Thomas Hurly, of Ballimanthy [Bally netty], in the county of 
Limerick ; Edmund Heden [O'Hedien], of Ballimore ; Morris 
M' William [Fitz David], of Ballinatrae, in the county of Waterford. 
p. 1. 

64. The havens upon the coast of Munster. The haven of 
Waterford; the haven of Dungarvan ; 12 miles, the haven of 
Youghal ; the bay and island of Ballcotey [Ballycottin] ; 12 miles, 
the haven of Cork ; 1 mile, Oyster Haven ; and, 3 miles, the haven 
of Kinsale; half a mile, the haven or creek of Kilberten [Killbrittain] ; 
1 mile, the barred haven of Timoleague ; 1 mile, the barred haven 
of Ross ; 4 miles, the haven of Condorthe [Glandore] ; the harbour 
of the Squynge [Squince] ; 2 miles, Castlehaven ; 1 mile, the har- 
bour of the Marie ; 12 miles, the haven of Baltimore, it hath in it 
four creeks; 1 mile. Scoule [Skull] harbour; the creek of Bealde 
Delande ; 1 mile, Crook Haven ; the bay of Doneanes [Dunmannus]. 
1 2 miles, the bay of Bantry ; 2 miles, Bear Haven ; the Dursey 
Island ; the island of the Skelanckes [Skelligs], called St. Michael ; 
the island of Valentia and the road thereof ; Dingle Cush harbour ; 
XJntley [ Ventryl road; the sound of Blaskenes [Blaskets] ; Surrwaytte 
[Smerwick] road ; the haven of the Shannon. 

[The miles given signify the depth which the bay to which they 
are severally prefixed runs inland.] p. 1. 

65. Estimate of the pay of 554 horsemen, p. 1. 

66. Note of the counties that did contribute to the late composi- 
tion for cess. p. 1. 

67. Proportion of victuals for 300 soldiers for 14 days. p. 1. 

68. Note of the reasons which caused the Kavanaghs to stir. The 
Kavanaghs were quietly possessed of the barony of Idrone in the 
county of Catherlagh 300 years. In the time of Sir Henry 
Sydney's first being Deputy, these lands by decree, and not by 
common course of law, were given to old Sir Peter Carew. Ever 
since the country hath been unquiet. The reason is, their lands 
being given as aforesaid, and they not able to wage law to recover 
their own, are determined, as it seems, to do their best to keep it 
waste, and never so much as now ; in respect of blood that is drawn 
between them and Bagenall, who now possesseth those lands. They 
seek a revenge, the other, as reason is, seeks to keep what he bought. 
By their strivings, the whole county of Carlo w is waste, besides the 
borders and skirts of other counties that be adjoined unto it, as 
the counties of Kildare, the Queen's county, the county of Kilkenny, 
and the county of Wexford. These are so impoverished, that they 
are not able to live. 

Although the Kavanaghs of themselves be not many ; yet to do 
evil they can and do get help of all the bad people in Leinster, and 
sometimes out of Munster and Coimaught. Now not in mine 


1586? VOL.CXXVII. 

opinion only, but in the opinion of all the ancient gentlemen, free- 
holders and borderers of all these places, the easiest way and least 
chargeous to Her Majesty to reduce this matter were : that if it 
would please Her Highness to give Bagenall his money which he 
paid for this barony and constableship, about 2,365?. besides his 
charges to his learned council to make his assurance, and Her 
Majesty to take both land and constableship into Her own hands. 

The Kavanaghs do upon their knees desire it, and would most 
willingly surrender all their rights, titles, challenges and demands ; 
and take it at Her Highness' hands, and give her 1 00?. rent by the 
year, for the which they will put in good sureties, and also for their 
loyal behaviour. 

Then for the constableship of Leighlin, which is now a charge 
unto Her Majesty of 234?. by the year, which charge is but only 
because of the Kavanaghs, this cause being taken away in making 
them loyal subjects, and good bonds taken for it, Her Majesty shall 
need keep no greater ward there than she doth at Carlow, which 
is but 20?. a year for the constable and 10 men at 6d. the day. 

So Her Majesty shall for Her two thousand three hundred 
and odd pounds laying out, have 100?. a year, to her and her 
heirs for ever, besides saving into her coffers, out of what now 
she doth pay for the constableship, six score and odd pounds by 
the year. Further Her Majesty is to have accustomed risings out, 
both of horsemen and footmen, at their charges, and if at any time 
the Lord Deputy shall lie at Leighlin, he shall have his acates for 
his diet and horse-meat, at such low rates as was accustomed, where 
now there is neither risings out nor any victual to be gotten. 

Further Her Majesty shall save, as by proof hath been seen ever, 
once in three or four years, the spending of 3,000?. or 4,000?. which 
she is driven unto, in maintaining of soldiers to follow them ; who 
do also much spend the country then. 

Her Majesty shall do a most gracious favour unto all Her 
Highness' subjects who are borderers, who now can not make any 
commodity of their own, by means of this disquietness. pp. 1|. 

69. Petition of John Chamberlayne to Sir Francis Walsyngham 
to have a certificate of the portion of living in Ireland allotted unto 
him in consideration of his service, p. 1. 

70. Petition of Randulph Bellin, of the city of Chester, gentleman, 
to Sir Francis Walsyngham, for the charge of six horsemen for term 
of his life ; he intending to repair to the land allotted to him ad- 
joining to the mountains and Irishry, and continually subject to 
their malice on the border of the English Pale and convenient to 
stay the continual out-steps of the common Irish thieves from the 
English Pale. p. 1. 

71. Petition of Walter Tomer to Sir Francis Walsyngham that 
he may have a lease for 61 years of his Deanry of Ferns. He was 
the first that proved it to be in Her Majesty's gift, and by reason 
of the troubles has not been able to recover the charges he was at in 
the suit. p. 1. 


1586? VOL.CXXVII. 

72. Memorandum of Irish suitors for money, pp. 2. 

73. Petition of Theobald Dillon and others, by their factor John 
" Conley, to Burghley, for payment of beeves and muttons supplied to 

the garrisons in Connaught under the government of Sir John 
Norreys. p. 1. 

74. Circumstances and reasons of Captain Woodhouse's suit for 
a privilege to make glass in Ireland. His assistance to George 
Longe and Ralph Pillyng in erecting and maintaining two houses 
for glass making, pp. 2. 

75. Draft report of certain commissioners showing the Lords and 
Chieftains of Munster and Connaught. 

Munster is divided into five parts, viz. : Desmow, alias Desmond, 
in comitatu Kenry, alias the South Munster South Munster. 
Tomow, Thomond in comitatu Clare, alias the Northern Munster 
North Munster. Mowmeanagh, the Middle Muuster, is the counties 
of Limerick, magnus et parvus comitatus, all the whole [hoole] 
county of Waterford, and most part of the county of Cork Middle 
Munster. Yearmow, alias Yearmond, alias the Western Munster, 
is part of Kynry from Castle Mange to the Shannon, and therein 
is Dowallowe in com. Cork, Clanmaurice, in comitatu Kynry 
[Kerry] West Munster. Ormow sive Ormond, alias the East 
Munster, wherein doth consist most part of the county of Tipperary 
and Cross [Croc'] Tipperary, the county Palatine to the Lord of 
Ormond East Munster. 

Momonia, alias Munster, divided into five parts, viz., South 
Munster, containeth the county of Kerry and Desmond, alias Des- 
mow .... being the county palatine to the 

Lord of Desmond, North Munster containeth the count . . Clare and 
is called Thomond, alias Tomow, being now a government of itself 
and accounted no parcel of Munster. 

South Munster. Desmow, alias Desmond, M'Carthy more, 
alias the Earl of Clancarr's country, in comitatu Kyrrey. Desmow, 
alias Desmond, O'Sullivan More's country, in comitatu Kyrrey. 
Desmow, alias Desmond, O'Donoho More's country, in comitatu 
Kyrrey. Desmow, alias Desmond, O'Donoho Angleanny's country 
called Gleannfleske, in comitatu Kyrrey. Desmow, alias Desmond, 
M'Fynney's country called Glannoroto, in comitatu Kyrrey. 
Desmow, alias Desmond, M'Gyllycodda his country so called, in 
comitatu Kyrrey. Desmow, O'Sullivan Beare's country, Beare and 
Bantry, in comitatu Kyrrey. 

North Munster. Thomond, the Earl of Thomond, alias O'Brien's 
country, called Thomond, in comitatu Clare. Thomond, both 
M'Namaras' country, called Shyle Ea, in comitatu Clare. Thomond, 
both M'Mahons' country, called two Corkwaskins, in comitatu 
Clare. Thomond. O'Loughlin's country, called Buiren y Loughlin, 
in comitatu Clare. 

West Munster. Yearmow, Knight of Kerry. Yearmow, the 
Lord Fitzmorris whose country is called Clanmorish, in the county 
of Kerry, Baron of Lixnaw. Yearmow, O'Connogher Kerry, whose 
country is called Yreaght y Conoghour, in comitatu Kerry. 


15861 VOL.CXXVH. 

Year Mow, M'Donogha's country, calledj Dowalla, not all together 
in the county of Kerry, but some in the county of Cork, yet all 
called of West Munster. 

East Munster. Ormowe, M'Teige's country, in comitatu Tip- 
perary. Ormowe, O'Kennedy Feanyes? country, in comitatu Tip- 
perary. Ormow. O'Kennedy Buy his country, in comitatu 

A note of those noblemen, knights, and gentlemen dwelling within 
the precinct of Munster. 

The Earl of Desmond, . . . . The Earl of Clancarr and the 
Lord of Valencia his son, South. The Lord M'Maurice, Baron of 
Lixnaw, and his son, West. The Lord Barry More and his son, 
Middle Munster. The Lord Barry Oge, Middle Munster. The 
Lord Roche, Viscount of Fermoy, and his sons, Middle Munster. 
The Lord Courcy, Middle Munster, The Lord Poore, in comitatu 
Waterford. The Lord of Dunboyne, in comitatu Tipperarie. Sir 
James FitzGarret, Viscount of Decies, comitatu Waterfordiaa. 

Sir Thomas of Desmond, alive [mentioned 6 Nov. 1581], Middle 
Munster. Sir John of Desmond, slain in rebellion [beheaded 5 Jan. 
1581/2], Middle Munster. Sir James of Desmond, hanged at 
Cork [3 Oct. 1580], Middle Munster. Sir Cormac M'Teig 
[M'Carthy], of Muskerry, Middle Munster. Sir Owen O r Sullivan 
Beare, South. Sir William Burke, of Clanwilliam, East. Thibott 
Butler, Lord of the Cahir, lately created a Baron [of the Cahir], 

The Knight of Kerry, called John M'Ruddery [Fitzgerald] 
comitatu Limerick, West. Edmund FitzDavyse [Fitzgerald], 
called the Knight of the Valley, comitatu Cork, Middle Munster. 
Edmund FitzRuddery [Fitzgibbon or M'Gibbon, Fitzgerald], 
Knight, called the Whight Knight, alive [see a letter of his 1575 
March 10, inclosure in a letter of March 20, in which he signs 
himself Edmund Knight], Middle Munster. M'Carthy Rewght, 
comitatu Cork, Middle Munster. O'Sullivan More, in Desmond, 
South. Sir Owen M'Carthy, alias M'Carthy Reoo [Lord of 
Carbery], of Cork [he was alive 1593-4 March 16, but died 

shortly after] Mac I Brien Arra, in comitatu 

Tipperarise, East. M 'Brian O'Gonagh, in comitatibus Tipperariae 
et Limerick, East. John FitzJohn, of Desmond, of Conyloe, in 
comitatu Limerick, Middle. Barry Roe, of com. Cork, Middle 

Munster, O'Driscoll's country, called Corkoly, in 

comitatu Cork, South. M'Fenning, of Glan , . . . 
comitatu Kerry, South. O'Donoughe More, Kerry, South. 
O'Donoughe Glan, Kerry, South. O'Callaghan, in comitatu Cork, 
Middle. O'Keeffe, in comitatu Cork, Middle. M'Awleye, in 
comitatu Cork, Middle. M'Donoughe, in comitatu Cork, Middle. 
Patrick Condon, in comitatu Cork, Middle. Donnell O'Brien, of 
Pobblebrien, comitatu Limerick, West. Donnell O'Mullrean, of 
Wonney, comitatu Tipperariaa, East. O'Dyer, of Killmanoge, 
comitatu Tipperarise, East. O'Mahon, comitatu Cork, Middle. 
The Seneschal of Imokilly, comitatu Cork, Middle. Rory M'Sherfe, 


1580? VOL.CXXVII. 

comitatu Limerick, Middle. Edmund McSwyne, in Desmow, 
comitatu Kenry, South. Tui lough M'Swyne, in Desmow, comitatu 
Kenry, South. Donnell O'Pypye M'Carthy Reo his son, of Carbery, 
in comitatu Cork [this Donnell na Pipy e's father was alive 1593-4 
March 16, but died shortly after'], South. Donnell O'Coonte .... 
of Muskerry, in Dermodo, in comitatu Cork, Middle. 

Bishops. The Archbishop of Cashel ; the Bishop of Limerick ; 
the Bishop of Cork and Clone; the Bishop of Waterford, the Bishop 
of Kerry ; the Bishop of Ross. 

Coinitatus Limerick. The names of such of the county of 
Limerick as are in rebellion. Gerot M'Thomas [Fitzgerald] and 
his brother. Gibbon Duff M'Thomas. Edmund M'Shane Carragh, 
nephew to Gerot M'Thomas and five or six kerne of Geriot's men. 
Edmund Browne M'Thomas his father to answer for him. William 
M'Philip M'Edmund a horseman of freehold in Cosmaye. Thomas 
Lacy FitzEady and his son. Edmund Lacy. Edmund Lacy Fitz- 
maurice of the Cloghur. 

Of Quonaghe. 

Kennedy M 'Brien, for whom there is bonds taken by the Justices 
or Attorney. 

Of Conelowe. 

Edmund Lacy Fitz Richard, of Ballegrenan. Dermot M'Cono- 
ghur Oge M'Shee with twenty galloglas. Ullig Lacy, of Adare. 

The names of the gentlemen and freeholders of the county of 
Limerick, who are not in rebellion. 

Quonaghe. Moriertagh M'Brien O'Gonaghe. Morough Keough, 
of Balletarsenye. Brian Buoy, of Castlegard. The Archdeacon of 
Emly. Pedrus M'Feragher. Teig M'William M'Brian, of Kyllne- 
gonny. The sons of Melaghlen Reough, viz. William, John, and 
Donnell. Donnell M'Mahon, of the Portanes. Donoho Gowe 
M'Brien, of Knock Dalton. 

The smale Countie. 

Thomas Browne. John Browne. Ja. Foxe. Ja. Bolley. John 
Buggod. Mahon M'Teig. Donougho Bane. Boyse. Gylleduff 
M'Mahowne. Dondon, of Balleheward. 


Edmund M 'Gibbon. John Buoy Roche.- Thomas Hurly. 
John M'Shihie. Conogher Roe O'Hernan. Gerot M'Shane 
Ruddery. Shane Olougan. 


Brian Duff, of the Carrigg. Teig M'Gilleduff. Teig M'Moriertagh 
O'Brien. Cormock Oge Ogalyuan. Dermot O'Daa. William 
M'Buoyly. Buoigh O'Daa. Turlougli Moyle O'Brien. Brian Duff, 
of Clogheok. Donnell O'Brien. Thomas Burgate. 

North Minister, Coinitatus Clare. 

Thomond lieth along the Shannon from above Limerick to the 
Loop Head on the one side and Clanricarde on the other. It hath 


1586? VOL.CXXVII. 

nine baronies, whereof next Limerick is M'NeMarraugh Bane, then 
M'NeMarra Reughe, the Earl of Thomond, the Baron of Inchiquin, 
Sir Turlough O'Brien, who hath the baronies of Corcomroe and 
Burrin, M'Mahon, and Turlough M'Mahon have both the baronies 
lying upon the Shannon. [In Margin.] The two baronies of 
M'NeMarrays, whereof I remember not the names. Then Clanronan 
and Ibraccan are the Earl of Thomond's. Inchiquin belongeth to 
the Baron ; Burrin and Corcomroe to Sir Turlough O'Brien ; both 
Corkneweskins to the M'Mahoni and Teig M'Mahon. 

Comitatus Galloway. Clanricarde is wholly under the Earl 
thereof, which containeth five baronies, namely, Leitrim, Loughrea, 
Dunkellin, Killitaraughe, and Clare. 

The Kellyes' country containeth five baronies, viz, Tiaquin, 
Kilconnell, Kyluline, which are in the county of Galway, the 
rest in the county of Roscommon. There is moreover in the county 
of Galway the barony of Shilarnsy [Silanchia, or Siol-Anmchada], 
the chief lord is called O'Madden. 

The barony of Dunmore, the Lord Birmingham's country, and 
M'Davye's country, and M'Walter's country which are of the 
barony of Dunnaman or Bellamowe, and a part of O'Flaherty's 
country by West Galway in the possession of Sir Morough Ne Doe 
[O'Flaherty], and to the sea from him is Teig Ne Bully, one of the 
O'Flahertys. [fn Margin.'} There is off the county of Galway 
three islands called the Arrans, and is called the barony of Arran. 

Comitatus Mayo. In the county of Mayo M'William is chief lord, 
he is of the Burkes in which country are ten baronies, whereof the 
next to the Flahertys upon the sea are the two Owles, then Irrishe 
[Erris], then Tyrawly, all upon the sea. In the Owles are the 
O'Mallys. In Irrishe, the Barretts and Burkes mingled, then 
Galen joineth to Tyrawly, whereof M'Padyne of Tyrawly and 
M'Jordan of Gallon are the chief lords. M'Quostilo surnamed 
Nangle, Clanmorish Prindergas, alias M'Morris. In Caraughe, 
M'Avilee, alias Stan ton. In the barony of KiJmean [Kilmain] the 
Burkes, but at this day the Burkes are commanders of the whole 
county of Mayo. [In the Margin.] And off Mayo the island of 
Inisfupphin [Inisbofin], Inisturk, Cleare, Achill, and Iniskeas. The 
baronies of the two Owles, Erris, Tyrawly, Gallen, Caroughe, 
M'Questilo [Costello], Clanmorris, Killmean, and Rosse. 

Comitatus Sligaugh. In the county of Sligaugh, O'Conor Sligo 
is chief lord of five bai'onies, the principal men under whom are 
O'Dowd, O'Hara, O'Gara, two M'Donoughs, and O'Hart. The 
other part O'Rourke possesseth, from O'Donnell's country to the 
Annaly along by one side to the county of Roscommon, above 
forty miles, from O'Donnell's country to the Annaly, otherwise 
called the county of Longford. There is likewise a part of 
Maguire's country in the county of Sligo, who is a follower to 
O'Neill, and yieldeth no contribution of charge to Connaught, and 
O'Rourke is a very loose subject. 

Comitatus Roscommon. At the upper end next Sligagh is 
M'Dermod's country called Melurge [Moylurg], next him O'Berae, 


1586? VO..CXXVII. 

then O'Conor Don, O'Flynn one of his followers, the O'ConorRoo, 
O'Hanlon, the rest of the county is of the Kellys. 

In Thomond. Comitatus Clare. The Earl of Thomond, the Baron 
of Inchiquin, Sir Turlough O'Brien, M'Namara Ban, M'Namara 
Reaghe, M'Mahon, Teig M'Mahon, O'Laughlin, M'Killareweigh, 
the Earl's follower. In Clanricarde, the Earl of Clanricarde, 
O'Shaughnessy, O'Heyne, M'Redmond, M'Hubard, M'Congle, the 
M'Sweenys. And M'Remon in the baronry of Clare ; Richard 
Burke is the principal man of that barony but [except] the Earl. 

Comitatus Gallowaye. Sir Morough Ne Doe of Erconnaught, 
and Teig Ne Bully, parcel thereof. 

Comitatus Mayo. The principal men in Mayo of the Burkes 
are, M'William, otherwise Sir Richard Burke, Edmund Burke of 
Castle Barry, the blind Abbot, alias William Burke, William Burke 
of Shrower, Walter Kitaughe Burke, Ricard Oge Burke, Moyler 
Burke M'Walter Fado, Tibbot Reughe his brother, Davy Enry 
Burke M'William's brother, with divers other their brethren, sons 
and others, whereof there is an infinite number, to the number of 
1,000. M'Thomas in the barony of Rosse yet a follower to Sir 
Morough Ne Doe. 

Nota that this is so much as is under the Government of Con- 
naught, Sir Richard Byngham chief Commissioner, whereof in times 
past the county of Clare was parcel of Munster, but lately annexed 
to the Government of Connaught. 

Clanwilliam. Sir William Burke, Richard Burke, John Fitz- 
Edmund, Richard M'Thomas, Rore O'Hein, Donnell M'Anna, 
Donnell O'Hein, Teig O'Hein, Riccard Oge, Ulick M'Thomas, 
Edmund M'Walter of Ballengard, Geoffery M' Ulick. 

Cosmaye. Pierce Lacie of the Broofe, John Lacie of Rathe- 
cannan, John Lacie FitzWilliam of Doweneran, Ja. Leo of 
Tulloven, Edmund Leo of Tullore Boye, Gerot FitzMaurice of 
Thomastown, Walter Fitz Edmund of Ballimantighe, Walter Leo 
of Downekip, William Fox, David Fox, Philip Suppell, Pursell of 
Garaneroo, John Leo of the Dollogh. 

Conolo, [now Connello]. John Lacie of the Gard, Edy Lacie 
of Browrie, Piers Purcell of Croghe, Thomas M'Shane of Gortne- 
tubber, Philip M'Gibbon of Mahownaghe, Gerot M'Thomas of Kyll- 
fynny, Owen M'Edmund of Ballenoe, Rore M'Shihe of Balleatynan, 
Nicholas FitzWilliam of Dromard, Maurice FitzEdmund of Rath- 
keale, Edmund Oge Lacie of Balleneclohy, Richard M'Thomas of 
the Palace, Walter M'Shane of Meyn. 

Kenry. Edmund Fitz David, Thomas M'Maurice, Gerot M'Thomas 
of the Palace, John Dondon of Ballesteen, David M'Philip of the 
Cor, John FitzWilliam of the same. 

This is the note and number of all ecclesiastical benefices 
within Carbery and Cursigh that belonged to the bishoprick and 
diocese of Cork, the which benefices, according to your Lordships' 
letters and commission directed unto us we have surveyed and 
esteemed, and set them all to price after this manner following, 
viz., Inprimis the parsonage of Scooll in Homohwnyeragh 
his country after our estimation is worth 51. current money of 




England, 100 shillings ; and the vicarage of the same is worth 
51. Parsonage of Kyllmowe in the said country, 51. ; and the 
vicarage of the same, 51. The parsonage of Kyllcrohan in Carbery, 
40 shillings ; and vicarage of the same, 40 shillings. The whole 
benefice of Caharache, 100 shillings. The prebend of Dromaleake 
in O'Dowain's country in Carbery, 40 shillings. The benefice of 
Drinache, 40 shillings. The benefice of Fanlobowse, 40 shillings. 
The benefice of Kyme, 40 shillings. The benefice of Balliweny, 40 
shillings. The benefice of Moraha, 40 shillings. Parsonage and 
vicarage of Dysearthe with his prebend belonging unto it, Gl. The 
parsonage of Balliwodain, 4. ; and the vicarage to the same, 4. The 
parsonage of Kyllgrogan, 3Z. ; and his vicarage, 3. The parcel of 
Martinstown that is in Carbery, 40 shillings. The parcel of 
Inishonan's benefice that comes into Carbery, 41. The parsonage of 
Ballynydayhy and his vicarage with their prebends belonging unto 
them, 61. by even portions. The prebend of Kylbertain, 4Z. The 
parsonage of Rathlarin, 4. 13s. 4d. ; and vicarage of the same, 47 
shillings. The whole benefice of Temple Tremy, 81. The parsonage 
of Kinroyn, Gl. 13s. 4>d. ; the vicarage of the same, 3Z. 7s. Od. The 
prebend of Kyllewain, 3?. pp. 14. 

[It does not appear who the Commissioners were who drew this 
draft of, or these notes for, a report to be drawn up " according 
to your Lordships letters and commission directed unto us." (See 
page 238.) We have the draft of the Commission to Sir H. Wallop, 
Sir V. Browne, Thomas Jenyson, Lancelot Alford, and Christopher 
Peyton, Esquires, for the survey of rebels' lands, 19 June 1584 ; 
and at 1586, April 28, we have a letter from, Christopher Peyton to 
Burghley, which states that he sends by the bearer a book of survey 
of all the attainted and escheated lands in the small and great 
county of Limerick ; and another from same to same of July 12, 

1586, saying that the above-named book of survey had not been 
delivered to BurghUy for eight or ten days after the letters were 
delivered. See also the books placed 1584 June 19, which is the 

[date of the commission. Vol. CX. Nos. 78, 79. Again in 1587, 
April 26, there was a commission to Chief Justice Gardener and 
others for passing of escheated lands to the undertakers ; and about 
the same time a commission to Sir John Norreys, Sir Henry Wallop, 
and others, for hearing and ending of controversies between the 
undertakers. But this document has been placed at the end of ] 586 
because it represents the state of the country at tJiat date. 

Further, this paper was drawn up while Sir Richard Byngham 
was still Governor of Connaught (see p. 238), and there is extant 
a letter of his from Dordrecht in Holland, on the 2Qth of August 

1 587. TJiere is mention in this paper also of Donnell Na Pipy t 
and of his father, Sir Owen MacCarthy Reagh, as living. This 
Sir Owen died shortly after, ] 593-4, March 16. This document was 
preserved with other manuscripts collected by Dr. Meredith Hanmer, 
and bound up as pages 557-574, in a volume of collections made 
by him. It is much worn or thumbed. 

In June 1586 there is a note touching the seignories surveyed in 



Cork. (See p. 93.) Therefore the commission of survey must have 
been dated earlier. 

There is a letter dated from Adare, 1587, September 17, from 
Arthur Robyns the surveyor. 

1587, Oct. 8. Sir Edward Phyton writes to Walsyngham that 
the land certified to be Her Majesty's by the survey is much ham- 
pered with forged deeds and pardons. 

1587, Oct. 10, is the book of the parcels of land in Munster, 
measured by Francis Jobson, from Sept. 1586 to 1587, Oct. 10, 
containing the name and extent of every parcel.] 

76. You shall receive herewith a bundle of trees called the 
wollaghan tree, whereof my Lord of Leicester and Mr. Secretary 
Walsyiigham are both very desirous to have some, as well for the 
fruit as the rareness of the manner of bearing, which is after the 
kind of the orange to have blossoms and fruit green or ripe all the 
year long, and the same of a very pleasant taste, and growing 
nowhere else but in one part of Munster, from whence I have caused 
them to be transported immediately unto you, praying you to see 
them safely delivered and divided between my said Lord and Mr. 
Secretary, directing that they may be planted near some ponds or 
with a great deal of black moory earth, which kind of soil I take 
will best like them, for that they grow best in Munster about 
loughs and prove to the bigness of cherry trees or more and con- 
tinue long. 

Indorsed. Touching the ordering of the wollaghan trees sent 
out of Ireland, p. \. 

77. A note of such allowances as Sir Richard Byngham, knight, 
Chief Commissioner of Connaught hath, as well by virtue of the new 
establishment as by grant passed unto him by order out of England, 
as also by concordatum, and otherwise by means of the Right 
Honourable Sir John Perrot, Lord Deputy of Ireland. 

First, he is best paid ot any man, for he receiveth the rents, 
revenues, and composition of Connaught. 

Item. His fee per annum is 100?. 

Item. His diet, at 10s. per diem, is per annum 1821. 10s. 

Item. He is allowed by way of augmentation in the establish- 
ment to be had only out of the fines, if so much should accrue, 6s. Sd. 
per diem, which amounteth per annum to 121?. 13s. 4.Jd. [Note. 
He is granted by concordatum that if the fines do not answer the 
sum, so much thereof as wanted should be paid out of the revenue. 
In margin.] 

Item. Her Majesty granted him by warrant thence which I saved 
out of the Marshal's entertainment per annum 40?. 

Item. He hath 25 horsemen allowed him with a leader and two 
officers which are his servants in household and his horses kept by 
himself, which with his officers' pays cometh to 29s. Gd. per diem, 
and per annum 838?. 7s. Gd. sterling. 

Item. He hath the benefit of the wages of a captain of a 1 00 foot- 
men, which he hath assigned him at 4s. sterling for seven dead pays at 


1580. VOL - CXXVIL 

8d. le piece, per diem 4s. Sd. In all per diem to him 8s. 8c?., per 
annum 1581. 3s. 4c?. [Note that his petty captain dischargeth the 
place. In margin.] 

Item. He hath the manor of Athlone with the demesnes and 
fishing thereof, the woods and demesnes being able to keep forty 
horses, so as the whole profits of the abbey is worth per annum 

Item. He hath Sligo and all the rents which O'Conor Sligo had 
out of all the baronies of that country, which was worth to O'Conor 
as by the composition did appear [blank in original]. 

Item. He is paid most part of the composition in beeves at 
13.9. 4>d. the beef, and they are sold by him at 18s. or 20s. the beef, 
by which he getteth at the least per annum 300?. 

Item. He takes for the provision of his house all acates as I 
[Perrot] and other governors did, by the prerogative, when I had it, 
which may be worth to him toward his household yearly 300?. 

Item. He is granted by concordatum during pleasure 3s. 4eZ. per 
diem towards the amendment of his diet, which per annum 
amounteth to GO?. lUs. 8d. 

Item. He enjoyeth, which was granted him by concordatum 
toward his fuel, carriages, and other things per annum 100?. 

Item. The abbey of the Boyle, now is, or will be shortly, worth 
above the rent per annum 1 60?. 

Item. The castle of Ballimote with the barony of [blank in original] 
out of the which he hath 54?. rent, and 23 quarters of good land, 
worth 3?. a quarter, which is 69?. per annum, in toto 123?. 

Summa totalis, 2,484?. 10s. 10c?. 

Memorandum. The fines are not herein mentioned, neither is the 
value of O'Conor's rents set down, which is about 700?. per annum. 

[Indorsed.] A note of Sir Richard Byngham's entertainment and 
other allowances. [See Byngham's Answer, 28 Oct. 1586, page 18C. 
See also a somewhat similar paper indorsed 1587, May, to which 
is added by Burghley "fro S 1 ' Jho Parrott"] 

[On a blank part of this document Burghley has drawn] the 
genealogy of the O'Byrnes, commencing with Edmund, the most 
"arande" thief of 1532 (see Hen. VIII. vol. i. No. 73), and including 
Hugh M'Shane O'Byrne, Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne, Turlough 
M'Feagh O'Bj-rne, together with several notable chiefs, allied to the 
O'Byrnes by marriage, as Felim O'Toole, Morgan M'Brian Kavanagh, 
O'Conor of Leix, Hugh Ganco, and Walter Reagh, a bautard 
Geraldine, son-in-law of Feagh M'Hugh O'Byrne. pp. 3. 

78. A note of Sir Richard Byngham's service in the realm of 
Ireland. 1. First he compelled O'Rourke to put away the Scots, 
which he always kept and gave them bonnaught and cess, and 
compelled him to deliver his eldest son as pledge. 2. He also won 
the castle of Ballimote, long usurped from Her Majesty by the 
M'Donnells, in which he put a ward, and hath since kept it to his 
and his brother's great charges. 3. In like sort, he won the castle 
of Cloon-oan, being kept against Her Majesty by the archtraitor 
Mahon O'Brien Mac en Aspicke, and put all that were in it to the 

3. Q 


- K0 . VOL. CXXVII. 


gword. 4. He executed Clancer Lecken, one of the Joys and fifty 
of his company, being rebels and thieves, robbing and spoiling the 
country of lar Connaught and county of Mayo. 5. He won also 
the castle Ne Callye, situate in Loughmask very strongly, and kept 
against Her Majesty by some of the Burkes, by which he brake the 
neck of a great rebellion intended. 6. The composition of anno 
1585 was by Sir'Richard [Byngham] and his assistants only, devised 
made, and amended. 7. The Burkes, the Joys, and the Clandonnells 
with most of the county of Mayo, entered into rebellion, and were 
by him, without any charge to Her Majesty, brought to good 
quiet without any great effusion of blood. 8. The Scots being of the 
" M'Conells in Cantier " were drawn in by some of the Burkes and 
Clandonnells of Mayo, under pretence to be repossessed of their 
lands, which their cousins the Clandonnells possessed, were by his 
good prosecution fronted and followed, and so put all to the sword 
at Ardnary, to the number of three thousand or more, of all sorts 
the 22nd day of September 1586, without any charge to Her Majesty 
and to his own charge 1000Z. 

By these services there is fallen to Her Majesty the castle of 
Ballirnote, with the lands and seignories thereof, the castle of 
Cloon-oan, with six quarters of land, the Castle Barre [Castlebar], 
with the lands and seignories thereto, and likewise the castle and 
town of Sligo, with the lands and seignories thereof. But for that 
there were many other services done, which in time will be appa- 
rently seen, that profit thereof may come, both to Her Majesty 
and the country, too long here to set down, I cease any further to 
relate, p. 1. 

79. The names of the chief rebels in Connaught. p. . This is 
a duplicate copy of a paper calendered at page 141, No. 57, II. 

80. The rate of the lands within the counties of Cork, Waterford, 
Limerick, and Tipperary, for the gentlemen of one association of 
the counties of Somerset, Dorset, Cheshire, and Lancashire, with 
their associates, and of Connilowe for Hampshire and Devonshire, 
associated with Mr. Ughtred [Outreed]. Kerry not yet disposed of. 

Of the demesnes and customary lands within Cork, Waterford, 
Tipperary/and Limerick, there are entire seignories of 12,000 acres, 
according to the proportions of the last plat, 21. Of other lands 
surveyed, not lying together without mixture, containing so much 
lands dispersedly as will make seignories of 12,000 acres to every 
seignory, 1C. The whole number of seignories entire and of lands 
dispersed are 37. After the rate of 12,000 acres to every one, which 
after Id. ob. the acre, doth make in 37 seignories per annum, 2,775 Z. 

The rents of the said counties, as they be surveyed in demesne, 
2,0881. 9s. 4<d., quadr. Customary tenures, 1,1 591. 4s. 8d. Services, 
90GZ. 17s. 5d. In toto, 4,154?. lls. 5d. quadr., as it is surveyed . 
And so it is to be noted that the rent growing by Id. ob. the acre 
of the demesne lands aforesaid exceedeth the rent of the survey 
6861. 10s. 7d. ob. quadr., all which we supposed by your Lordship's 
appointment should be entirely delivered unto 60 principal under- 



takers of the counties of Somerset, Dorset, Cheshire, and Lanca- 
shire, with other the associates united together by special agree- 
ment, and have made their provision and plat accordingly. 

And we are to be charged with horsemen and footmen for every 
seignory, 10 horsemen and 20 footmen, which if .there arise in these 
counties 60 seignories, it will amount in horsemen 600, footmen 
1,200. Necessary people of all sorts for the first year in 60 seigno- 
ries are 4,200. Necessary people of all sorts within the 60 seignories 
to be planted, within 7 years, are 21,800. 

Within the country of Conylowe, by the survey already taken, 
they will make of 12,000 acres to every seignory, 8. Surveyed into 
money : the demesnes in Conilowe, 1,627?. 5s. 5d. ob. ; customary 
tenures in Conilowe, 777?. 2s. 8d. ; services in Conilowe, 
109?. 17s. 8cZ. ; in toto, 2,514?. 5s. 9cZ. ob. As it is surveyed, and 
by your Lordship apportioned for the county of Hampshire, Mr. 
Ughtred and his associates of Devonshire. 

Within the county of Kerry, of 12,000 acres to every seignory, 4. 
Surveyed into money : the demesnes in Kerry 1,004?. 12s. 8d. ; 
customary tenures in Kerry, 1,045?. 7s. 9d. ob. ; services in Kerry 
999?. Is. 9d. ob. ; in toto, 3,049?. 2s. 3d., which is at Her Majesty's 
disposition. [In Conilowe and Kerry, 12 seignories of 12,000 
acres.] p. 1. 

81. Mr. Cowper's note to have certain gentlemen admitted to 
land in Munster, viz., Mr. John Cowper, one of Her Majesty's 
pensioners, entreateth that he himself, Mr. William Trencherde, in the 
county of Wilts, Esq., and one of Mr. Cowper's brothers, Mr. Maurice 
Cowper, may be placed in Kerry. Mr. Cowper, for himself, prayeth 
that he may be placed in Tralee. Will undertake a whole govern- 
ment or colony. He is already assured of 10 western men, who 
will plant themselves with him, and will bring each of them 100?. 
For his brother Maurice Cowper, who has of that which was left 
unto him by his father, 500?., and will employ himself with that 
stock there, with other help that shall come from his mother, 
prayeth that he may be appointed to the Island which is near 
to Tralee. Desireth for half a colony. For Mr. William Trencherde, 
of Wiltshire, who is furnished of a 1,000?. in his purse, and will 
dispose himself, who is of very able body, young and of good 
discretion, to plant himself and inhabit there, and is able to procure 
20 to go with him with money in their purses. Desireth to take a 
colony, and that it might please your Honour that he may be 
placed by Dingle Gush, where Maxee dwelt, p. 1. 

82. A memorial touching the Undertakers : 

To set down the Queen's rent as is contained in the Abstract. 
Sir William Courtney Mr. Denzell Holies. To consider what 
answer is to be made to the Undertakers' letter. To consider what 
rent shall be imposed on the lands of Tipperary, allotted to the Earl 
of Ormond. pp. 1. 

Q 2 





Jan. 1. 1. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley, touching the wife of 
St. Sepulchre's. Philip Williams. She has written to the Earl of Ormond. p. . 

1. i. Elizabeth Williams to the Bishop of Meath to procure that 
her husband Philip Williams, secretary to the Lord Deputy Perrot, 
may be called into England. His sad imprisonment, 11 weeks. 
The matter he has to say touching Her Majesty. He hath to say that 
which he will tell to no one but to Her Highness tJie Queen. If her 
husband may not be released out of close prison, her desire is 
that he may be removed into the city of Dublin to recover his health, 
pp. 2. 1586. Dec. 30. Dublin. 

Jan. 2. 2. G. Fenton to Burghley. His frequent letters unanswered. This 
Dublin. time of calmness is convenient for reformation. Prays for Burghley 's 
countenance and defence, p. 1. 

Jan. 2. 3. Tabular note of the army, consisting of 1,703 men, in Ireland 
in December 1586, presented to Lord Burghley by Thomas Williams, 
clerk of the check, p. 1. 

Jan. 2. 4. Petition of David Roche of Kildahalley in Waterford, to 

Queen Elizabeth, to be restored to Killoughtermoy, and other lands 
found to Her Majesty, by his enemies, p. 1. 

[Jan. 2.] 5. Petition of David Roche of Killdahallie to the Privy Council, 
for letters to the V. P. of Munster, that he may quietly enjoy his 
lands, and to have free license to come out of Ireland about his 
suits, p. 1. 

Jan. 5. 6. Lord Chancellor Loftus and Council to Sir Francis Walsyngham 

Dublin. i n favour of Mr. John Lye, to have the farm of the towns and lands 

of Rathbride, Morishetonbiller, and Crotanston, on better terms. 

They lie in a very dangerous place, near the great woods and bogs 

of the Fews and Allen, and subject to the Conors, Mores, Demp- 

sies, and others, p. 1. 

Jan. 5. 7. Petition of John Lye of Clonaghe to Queen Elizabeth. His 

farm of Clonaghe passed away in fee-farm to Callough O'More. 
Prays for the fee-farm of Rathbride, &c. Lye (being an English- 
man), is very perfect in the Irish tongue, p. 2. 

Jan. 6. 8. Petition of John Davenant to Burghley for payment of 

180k 5s. Od p. I. 

Jan. 6. 9. Petition of John Shreiffe to Burghley, that Alexander Coates 

and others of the Custom House of Chester, who are here in court, 
may be called to answer their wrong information against him. p. \. 




Jan. 9. 

Jan. 12. 


9. i. Sir Roland Stanley and others to Burghley. Certify tlwt 
John Shreiffe did not transport any goods without customs. Copy- 
p. 1. 1585. Aug. 20. CJiester. 

9. TI. Certificate by Richard Grafton and others, of the manner 
in which Alexander Coates, Comptroller of Chester, stayed the 
munition, which John Shreiffe was conveying to Ireland. Copy, 
p. 1. 1584. June 9. 

10. Petition of Anne Thickpenny, widow, one of Her Majesty's 
farmers in Ireland, to Burghley. For despatch of her suits touch- 
ing certain small parcels of land called the abbey of Mollanna, alias 
Mollanaffa, and the House of Observant Friars, near Youghal, &c. 
p. 1. 

11. Petition of the undertakers for Munster to the Queen, where- 
upon the 300 footmen, granted for their defence, were converted to 
120 horse. [At 29 Jan. there is a petition almost identical in 
words, and with the signatures of the undertakers, with Burghley's 
notes in the margin, which see.] p. 1. 

12. Sir R Byngham to Burghley. Of the Lord Deputy's hard 
dealings with him in taking away certain allowances by concor- 
datum. pp. 2. 

13. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. His lordship's comfortable 
letters of Dec. .4. have revived him from his great grief and sorrow. 
Pledges escaped from the vice-constable of Athlone. He is right 
joyful to hear of the intention to remove the Deputy. The plot of 
the service of Ardnarye. The bearer, Mr. Marburye, to be restored 
to his pension, pp. 2. 

Jan. [22.] 14. H. Strowbridge, to Burghley. The Bishop of Meath is re- 
lieved with a common purse for defraying his expenses, so that by 
long suit he hopeth to make a precedent to the rest who are in the 
same case. p. 1. Incloses, 

14. I. Petition of Hugh Stroivbridge to Burghley, to grant the 
further examination of the Bishop of Meath' s case to the Lord 
Deputy and Council in Ireland, p. 1. Annexes, 

14. ii. Brief of the extents of livings the Bishop of Meath has 
had to his great profit, and hath answered very little of the first 
fruits thereof, p. 1. 

Jan. 23. 15. Sir N. Bagenall to Burghley. Commends the bearer, Capt. 

Dublin. Nicholas Merriman, as a very valiant gentleman. His continuance 

under O'Neill with 100 footmen. His success against Sorley Boy 

M'Donnell's son, Alexander Mac Sorlee, and other Scots. His 

painful service with Sir Ric. Byngham. p. 1 . 

Jan. 24. 16. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. The bearer hereof Captain 

Dublin. Nicholas Merriman, who was a captain of one of the Ulster 

companies appointed by the Lord Deputy Perrot, and afterwards 

was sent for, to go into Flanders, but coming too late, was the cause 

Jan. 15. 


Jan. 17. 



of his stay from that journey, Sir Wm. Stanley being gone before 
his coming to Dublin ; and being left behind, the Lord Deputy 
Perrot, not having anywhere to bestow him but on the English 
Pale, which he might not well do, was driven to send him into 
Connaught, where he arrived, even as I was setting forwards to go 
up into the mountains against the rebellious Burkes, Clandonnells, 
and Joys. In which journey (against the aforesaid rebels) he behaved 
himself very well for a man of his sort and calling, as also against 
the foreign enemy, the Scots ; and as he hath well discharged him- 
self in all the said actions for the time of three months, whilst he 
served under me, for which time I made him -a thorough pay for 
himself and his company in full number after the rates of Her 
Majesty's allowance at 8d. per diem for a private soldier, and him- 
self with his officers at such rates as Her Majesty doth allow of, in 
like sort. If it may please your honor to question with him, he 
can declare unto your honor, the full and true discourse of the said 
services done against the said rebels and Scots. And this in respect 
of his service for the time aforesaid under myself, as also of other 
former services exploited by him in Ulster, as I have heard, namely 
by the killing of Alexander M'Sorley Boy M'Donnell, with others 
notable in his company. For whose valour and courage in discharging 
the same to the uttermost at his instance and earnest suit, I am 
boldly moved to recommend him and his causes to your honor's 
favourable consideration, p. I. 

Jan. 26. 17. Auditor Jenyson to Burghley. Answers the imputation of 
Dublin Castle, negligence. Chapman to be despatched. Jacques Wyngfeld to be 
sent to his account. Prays for letters to the Lord Deputy to make 
him his extraordinary allowance. 

Here is a bruit come from thence of my Lord Deputy Perrot's 
revocation, which is more joyous to the multitude here of all sorts, 
than ever I did know of any other former deputy's departure, and 
the people here hope that the same falling out to be true, that their 
earls and barons shall never hereafter be governed by knights being 
of inferior degrees to themselves, but by some of the greatest peers 
of that realm, as formerly they were, when as the Princes of 
England were but Lords of Ireland ; and much the rather in these 
days when the Princes there (in England) be absolute Kings here 
from Her Majesty's Father's time, and so successively to Her 
Highness both for the honour of Her Majesty and this state, and the 
better contentment of the people of this country, hoping your honor 
will accept in good part in certifying this my knowledge of the 
common bruit in discharge of my duty to your Lordship. Sir Henry 
Sydney was of great credit, and also famous in this government as 
by divers his erections appeareth, and most chiefly by the bridge at 
Athlone, which is one of the best acts done for the commonwealth 
in this land during man's memory, and doth now grow into some 
ruin, by reason of the strong stream that runneth there, and in 
process of time will overthrow it, which repairing betimes and so 
from year to year when need should require would maintain it for 
ever. And that were easily to be done with the toll there taken, 


1587 VOL. cxxvm. 

and would also be some increase to Her Majesty's revenue, the same 
being now turned to private use, and nothing thereof either answered 
to Her Majesty or yet bestowed on the bridge. And the toll Sir 
Richard Byngham informeth me is well worth 100. sterling per 
annum, which is levied in this sort, viz., of every twenty cows or 
beeves that come over that bridge, one cow or -beef out of every 
score, and if the numbers be under twenty for every cow 4>d. 
sterling, and so of horsepacks, mares, colts, swine, and sheep 
ratably, and is thought that there is five or six thousand kine 
yearly, at the least, driven over that bridge, pp. 2. 

Jan. 26. 18. Geff. Fenton to Burghley. The Lord Deputy having used to 
Marshalsea in me of late an un worthy extremity, such as by no precedent nor 
example of former times was ever heard of in this Government, I 
am driven to recur to your Lordship as my chief protector next to 
God and Her Majesty, humbly beseeching your Lordship not to 
think me importunate in complaining, that am with so great and 
public an indignity provoked. At my late attending at Court I 
borrowed of Russell, his lordship's man, 50Z. towards my needful 
expenses there, and during my absence my wife borrowed of his 
lordship here 20. to relieve her poor estate, so as in the whole I 
became indebted to his lordship in 7QL, which I always acknow- 
ledged as a debt, and so often as his lordship sent to me for it I 
confessed it, though for want of ability I was not able to make 
present payment, and to supply that default I humbly desired 
that I might be borne withal till by God and Her Majesty I were 
enabled, when I would repay it with all duty and thankfulness. 
Nevertheless, his Lordship seeking my disgrace and undoing 
together, after he had threatened that he would have me pulled 
from my horse for the debt, and was told by Justice Gardener that 
there was sufficient in the Treasurer's hands of my entertainments 
and allowances to satisfy him, caused me suddenly to be arrested 
without writ or process, contrary to all ordinary course, and being 
brought by an officer and one Bickerstaff, his lordship's servant, to 
the bar of the Common Pleas, I was there condemned and com- 
mitted to the Marshalsea in less than a quarter of an hour, not 
having any summons for my appearance, nor original writ or other 
form of process, other than a private warrant from his lordship as I 
think to Sir Robert Dillon, chief Judge in that Court, and mine 
enemy. If his Lordship had not some further dangerous pretence 
against my credit or my life, there was no cause to carry him into 
this violent course for so small a debt as 70?., for that either he 
might have stayed it upon my entertainment, or attached my little 
store of household goods, which should have been sold to answer 
him. Yea ! his Lordship knew by my former manner of life in this 
land, and being neither fugitive nor shifting person, that his pay- 
ment could not be desperate in my hand, though it were somewhat 
long time before Her Majesty should repair me, so as comparing 
with these his Lordship's former discountenancing of me in Her 
Majesty's service, ever since I returned last from Court, and the 
wrongful privation of the credit and profits of my office, besides 



some uncomety circumstances used in my committing, as to be 
carried through the streets by the serjeant-at-arms upon a market 
day in the greatest assembly of the market, and cooped up in a 
common gaol amongst malefactors, I cannot but fear some further 
violence to be intended against me to the peril of my life, which I 
fear so much the more as his lordship hath publicly professed to 
hate me for bringing him a despatch from Her Majesty and your 
Lordships at my late attending at Court for Irish affairs, which 
without other intermixture of causes is the only root and motion of 
this my extremit} 7 ". And therefore as I am bold now to acquaint 
Her Majesty with the state of my adversity, which for no other 
cause is thundered upon me, than for obeying Her Majesty's will 
and standing firm in Her service, so I most humbly beseech your 
Lordship, even in grief of heart not to see me unworthily overthrown 
both in credit, body, and mind, at the appetite of one that hateth 
me, not for myself, but for my truth and fidelity to Her Majesty 
and her causes. And what it shall please Her Majesty and your 
Lordship to do herein, I beseech you do it speedily, lest it come too 
late ; for which purpose I have sent this messenger for Her Majesty 
and your Lordship's resolution, not having any other to employ. 
pp. 1*. 

Jan. 27. 19. Robt. Legge to [same?] The evil of custodiams. The claim 
of the corporations to have all forfeited bonds and recognizances. 
Forgery of an office of lands of the Abbey of Fowre let to the Lord 
Delvin. He fears the Archbishop of Dublin, pp. 5. 

Jan. 28. 20. Lord Chancellor Loftus, Sir Nicholas Bagenall, and Sir Richard 
Dublin. Byngham, to Burghley. The general rumours spread here of the 
Earl of Tyrone's going into England, although we think the longing 
desire he hath to invest himself in the name and title of O'Neill, 
will divert him from any such determination, hath occasioned us 
to intimate unto your lordship some things necessarily to be con- 
sidered, and providently to be foreseen by your honour and the rest 
there. He hath by assignment from my lord deputy, the govern- 
ment of all the urraghs or chieftains from the English Pale to Slieve 
Gallon, under pretence of which commission he hath so exercised 
his own authority incident to his name, among this rude and 
barbarous people, as he hath not only drawn to his dependency 
those several chieftains, who by his commission he was in her 
Majesty's name to govern, but hath made himself so great and 
fearful to all his neighbours, as Magennis, who hitherto solely 
depended upon Her Highness, Con M'Neill Oge, and generally all 
men of mark within the province of Ulster, are become his men, 
receive his wages, and promise him service, according to the usual 
manner of that country. All which, although my Lord Deputy do 
very well know, and hath oft by private speech signified his dislike 
of the Earl's proceedings, notwithstanding as yet we cannot perceive 
in his Lordship any intention to redress those abuses, and therefore 
have thought it our duties to impart this much to your Lordship, as 
that from whence in time may proceed effects very pernicious and 



dangerous to the State, if so be that the Earl upon any occasion do 
grow to a discontented humour, whereunto by these his dealings, 
in our opinions, he doth mightily arm and prepare himself. And 
withal the example of the Earl's greatness among his neigh- 
bours, growing by the authority committed to him, may greatly 
redound to the impeachment of government in other the Provinces, 
wherein now the whole nobility, and such as do account them- 
selves as worthy of regard as the Earl of Tyrone, are very well 
contented to contain themselves within the limits of their duty, 
not desirous to intrude themselves into the course of the public 
government, pp. 2. 

Jan. 28. 21. Mr. Attorney Calthorpe to Burghley. His good service in his 
office. Her Majesty has received above 4000?. of old arrearages, p. 1. 

Jan. 29. 22. The humble petitions of the Undertakers for peopling of 
Munster in Ireland. First that the garrisons to ' be assigned for 
their security may be of persons to be newly selected by some of 
the principal undertakers out of the several counties where the 
said undertakers here inhabit. [In margin in Burghley's hand, 
To have 120 horsemen to be chosen out of the garrisons, or to be 
levied there.] 

That none of the captains and soldiers assigned to the Pre- 
sident, nor any other, may be in anywise chargeable to the 
English inhabitants settled, or to be settled, in Munster, nor to any 
their tenants. And that neither the Deputy, President, Vice- 
president, nor any for them, be troublesome or chargeable to the 
English inhabitants, or their tenants in taking up any provisions 
amongst them, or troubling them with carriages. [In margin by B. 
A letter to the Lord Deputy and President.] 

That all kerne and galloglas be removed out of Munster, other 
than such as shall give themselves to manure the ground, or such 
a competent number to attend the Irish lords, as their masters will 
give assurance for their good behaviour. [In margin -f .] 

Which done whereas your Highness offered by the articles first 
sent unto the countries a garrison of 300 men for seven years, we 
desire only, for our defence against the Irish, of your Majesty 150 
horsemen, and that but for four years, whereby the charge is lessened 
every year 1300?., or in respect of the time 150 horse and 200 
footmen for two years only. [In margin by B. 1 20 horse.] 

And by committing these horsemen to the commandment of some 
six of the principal undertakers (who will serve your Majesty with 
all faithfulness), they nominating their lieutenants, being no under- 
takers, your Highness shall save in the whole seven years by this 
course 1 6,8001. and upwards. 

We humbly desire that these 150 horsemen may be in Munster, 
by". the beginning of April next at the furthest ; and for the footmen, 
if it be thought good to abridge Her Majesty's charge to two 

We likewise desire that for the year lost to the great charge of 
the undertakers, through default of the advancement of the Survey 



there may be one year added unto the undertakers for their recom- 
pense. [In margin by B. Allowed.] 

Also that there may be a restraint for transportation of any corn 
or other victual, out of any part of Munster, until Michaelmas next 
come twelvemonth, and that none be permitted to buy any corn 
sown in the ground within any part of Munster, unless it be some 
of the Undertakers. [In margin by B. Allowed.] 

That the Lords (to whom by your Majesty's grant it is referred) 
will set down how many and which of the undertakers shall be in the 
commission with the President of Munster, and that it may please 
your Majesty to appoint two or three of the principal undertakers 
to be of the Council of that realm. [In margin by B. All the 
knights that are undertakers as long as they shall be present, and 
in their absence others to be named by the president and the rest of 
the Council, out of the undertakers.] 

That some of the Undertakers may be joined in the Commission 
for examining of titles and compounding with the intermixt free- 
holders. [In margin by B. To be remitted to the Lord Deputy.] 

That the Justices of Assize for Munster may both be mere 

Signed, [Sir] William Herbert, [Sir] J. Popham, [Sir] Valen- 
tine Brown, [Sir] E. Phyton, Walter Leveson, Edward Rogers, W. 
Cavendysshe, Hugh Cuffe. Indorsed, Delivered by Sir W. Herbert, 
the 29th of January 1586. And in Burghley's hand : Sir Rowland 
Stanley, brother to Sir William Stanley, not to adventure. [See 
also Jan. 12, and Feb. 28.] pp. 2. 

Jan. 30. 23. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. We have very lately re- 
ceived advertisements from the Low Countries that Sir William Stan- 
ley and Rowland Yorke, the one appointed by my Lord of Leicester 
to the government of the town of Deventer, a place of great importance 
upon the Ijssel, the other to the commanding of the fort before 
Zutphen recovered this summer, by his lordship, have about the 19th 
of this present, most disloyally and treacherously delivered over 
the places committed to their several charges into hands of the 
enemy, and withal not only for their own persons made a most 
shameful and traitorous revolt and defection, but also seduced and 
drawn after them divers others of Her Majesty's subjects, and 
namely those Irish bands serving under the said Stanley, to do' the 
like, to the great dishonor and slander of our nation and detriment 
of Her Majesty's service. Which fact as we find it strange in re- 
spect of the said Stanley, considering the general good opinion con- 
- ceived of his loyalty and fidelity, so are we by many circumstances 
induced to think that this treasonable revolt of his, hath proceeded 
of some other ground, and to be of more dangerous consequence than 
is yet discovered. And because we have received many advertise- 
ments of some foreign invasion intended this year by the Spaniard 
against that realm, wherein his long travail and experience may make 
him a dangerous instrument for the enemy, we have thought it meet 
to give your lordship knowledge thereof, to the intent you may 
carry a watchful eye upon all such as you know to have been his 



secret friends and defenders, and specially over Jacques de Francesco 
[i.e. Mr. Jacomo di Francesqui,] his lieutenant, of whom both in 
respect he is a stranger, ill affected in religion, and noted to have 
had some intelligence with Ballard, lately executed here for the 
conspiracy against Her Majesty's life, we think fit to be removed 
out of his charge, and sent hither before this fact of his captain 
be divulged, bestowing such charge and commandment as the said 
Stanley hath yet in entertainment there, upon such other as by your 
Lordship and the rest of the Council, shall be found most meet and 
worthy for the same. We think it also meet that your Lordship imme- 
diately upon the receipt hereof, do cause his house to be very narrowly 
searched and his wife and children restrained, and such of his friends 
or followers as you shall suspect, to be very diligently examined, 
and for that we hear that before this his traitorous act, he did send 
some of his followers or servants from him, as may be supposed to 
pass by sea into Ireland, we think it convenient that inquiry be 
made, what persons are come from him or may hereafter arrive in 
that realm, either in the parts of Munster or elsewhere, and there- 
upon to make stay of any such, and diligently to examine them of 
the cause of their coming, and of the time of their departure from 
Stanley, and further to use them as you shall think convenient, both 
for discovery of any their lewd purposes, and also to stay them 
from any evil attempt that may be in their power ; and of your 
doings we require to be advertised. [Draft, partly in Burghley's 
hand.] pp. 3. 

Jan. 30. 24. The names of such as receive Her Majesty's pay who are 
registered in my office, and be presently in England, besides their 
men attending them here, who receive pay also : 

The Baron of Dunsany hath pay for 20 horsemen. 

Sir George Bowrchier, Kt., seneschal of Offaly, and captain of 
100 horsemen. 

Sir H. Harrington, Kt., captain of the Byrnes and Tooles, and 
50 horse. 

Sir H. Bagenall, Kt., captain of 100 footmen. 

Sir Geo. Carew, Kt., who assigned his entertainment to Mr. 
Dudley Bagenall. 

Jaques Wingfelde, Esq., master of the ordnance. 

Edward Barkley, Esq., constable of Askeaton. 

Thomas Williams, Esq., clerk of the cheque of Her Majesty's 
garrison there. 

Brian Fytzwylliams, Esq., pensioner. 

Robert Rosyer, Attorney-General for Munster. 

Nicholas Dawtrey, seneschal of Claneboy, and hath a ward in 
the palace of Knockfergus. 

Captain William Pers, the younger, pensioner. 

John Henry, serjeant-at-arms in Connaught. 

Edward Drinkell, pensioner. 

Hugh O'Donnell, pensioner. 

Such as were in pay and now discharged in my office : 

The Earl of Orinond. Note : His lordship hath pay out of the 





revenue as Lord Treasurer of Ireland, and Mr. Nicholas Walshe as 
second Justice of the King's Bench. 

Mr. Justice Walshe. 

Captain Collam. 

Captain Mynce. 

Arthur Toole, 1 , , 

JohnGilson, j ^pensioners. 

James Verdon, late lieutenant to captain, Merriman. 

Such as I suppose your Lordship will think meet to be at home, 
if any stirs are like to be : 

The Earl of Kildare, the Lord Burke, Baron of Castleconnel, Sir 
Edward Waterhous, Knight, who hath entertainment to be paid out 
of the revenue, Richard Poer, the Lord Poer's eldest son, James 
Myaghe, late sheriff of Desmond, Teig MacCarthy, who hath a 
pension, though not recorded in my office, Florence MacCarthy, 
Esquire, Maurice Eustace, Gent., David Roche, Gent. 

Indorsed. A note of the names of such as are in paj r in Ireland, 
and others now in England, delivered to the Lord High Treasurer 
of England by Thomas Williams, clerk of the cheque for Her 
Majesty's garrison in Ireland, p. 1. 

25. Sir N. White, Master of the Rolls, to Burghley. The long 
controversy between him and Sir Wm. Drury's children for Dun- 
brody, is compounded for a sum of money. Offers that Itchingham's 
heir may be a partner in the bargain. Thomas Chapman hath 
painfully deserved his wages, p. 1. 

26. Auditor Thomas Jenyson to Burghley. For payment of 
200L 7s. Od. upon bills, to enable Sir N. White to perfect his bargain 
for the interests of Sir W. Drury's children claiming Dunbrody. 
p. 1. 

Jan. 27. John Sheryffe to Burghley. Touching the large rates for the 

proportion of munition going for Ireland, p. 1. 

Feb. 2. 28. Supply of munition for Ireland, pp. 3. 

29. Sir Edward Phyton to Burghley. For order for the transpor- 
tation of his countrymen into Munster. p. . 

Jan. 31. 


Jan. 31. 

Dublin Castle. 

Feb. 3. 


Feb. 3. 


Feb. 5. 

30. P. Lord of Dunsany to Burghley. 
pay, &c., for his horsemen, p. 1. 

For allowance of sterling 

31. A true advertisement of the Lord Chancellor of Ireland his 
children, how they are bestowed. His daughters : his Lordship 
hath seven daughters, whereof four only are married, the rest are 
very young, and none of them marriageable. His four daughters 
are thus married. I. The eldest to George Colley, a gentleman of 
Offaly, of English parents, advanced by Her Majesty's service, now 
able to dispend 100 marks per annum, and in hope of so much 
more after his father's decease, he hath only two brothers in Ireland 
of his name, by his father's second wife, who are now children at 




the school. II. The second daughter is married to William Uscher of 
the city of Dublin, a private man, a citizen, and an alderman's son, 
able to dispend per annum 100 marks, and the best part thereof 
is in leases. III. The third daughter is married to Henry Warren, 
a gentleman of Offaly, of English parents, advanced by Her 
Majesty's service, able to dispend 200 marks per annum ; he hath 
only one brother, a captain, serving Her Highness, and none other 
of his name and kindred in that land. IV. The fourth daughter is 
married to Thomas Colcloght, a gentleman of English parents, 
advanced by service, now able to dispend 100 marks per annum, and 
in hope to dispend after his mother's decease 300L more ; he hath 
only one brother of his name, a student in the Inns of Court, and 
none other of his kindred in that land. These four sons-in-law of 
the Lord Chancellor have no alliance with any of the Irishry, in 
that land. 

His sons : his Lordship hath also five sons. The eldest is lately 
married to one of the daughters of Sir Nicholas Bagenall, Knight. 
The second is a scholar in Cambridge, the other three being very 
young are at the school in their father's house. 

Indorsed in Burghley's hand. The Archbishop of Dublyn's 
children and their Matches, p. 1. 

Feb. 7. 32. G. Beverley to Burghley. For imprest money for the victualling 
of the garrison. The Mayor of Chester complains of ill-disposed 
men-of-war who have feared away divers merchants. Begs leave 
to go to Chester to look to Thomas Lynyall's reckonings, who is 
visited with sickness, p. 1. 

Feb. [7.] 33. G. Beverley to Walsyngham of like tenour. p. 1. 

Feb. 8. 34. Sir R. Byngham to Burghley. I have sent your honor by 
Dublin. this bearer, James Grafton, a plat of the overthrow of the Scots at 
the battle of Ardnary within the county of Sligo, which I caused to 
be done, upon the receipt of your honor's favourable letter. It is 
not in such perfection as it should be, to present unto your honor, 
but rather wrought in some haste, and subject to the want of many 
instruments and colours fit for the same, which indeed is not hera 
to be had. 

I have also with the same caused to be drawn forth the plat of 
the counties of Sligo and Mayo, with the confines of other countries 
joining upon the same, and so the place where the Scots made their 
entry into the province, and how they took their way and march 
into the same, and also how long they made their stay and abode 
at every place, until such time as they were overthrown [Note: this is 
the plat which is calendared below]. As likewise the whole county 
of Mayo, divided into his baronies (the which are ten), with the 
pedigrees and houses of the Burkes, and which of them do possess 
such baronies and such. As also which are the most devilish septs, 
which are the tyrannical septs, which are the septs of the greatest 
extortioners, and which are the worst and most notable thieves. 
For when I have justly considered of them all, I find that there is 



never a best of those low country Burkes ; for as the one does 
exceed the other in aptness to rebel (which is the house of Ulick), 
so the sept of Ryccard M'Edmond Nefesogii, is as forward in his 
cuttings, exactions and other tyrannies/ as the former sept. The 
sept of Tibbot and Ryccard M'Walter is no less forward in their 
extortions and thieveries than the other former septs. And as your 
lordship does see here the pedigree drawn of them, as though 
they were by right and lineal descent, yet it is to be understood 
that few of them have ever had lawful wives, but when as such 
women as they had were grown to barrenness or other ^infirmities, 
then did they put them away and took other ; so that some of them 
hath had 30 children by seven or eight several women, and ba$tards 
all. And as the number of them which are called Burkes are n^any, 
so are there a great many more Burkes called by other names \; as, 
namely, the sept of the Clangibbons, which is a great sept, all \ the 
sept of the M'Jonynes are Burkes, all the sept of the Clan Elkipes 
are Burkes, all the sept of the Clanphilippines are Burkes, and also 
all the sept of the Clan Anthonies are Burkes. All which Burkes 
aforesaid are lying within the county of Mayo, and are termed the 
Lower Burkes, and are utter enemies to the house of Clanricard 
and the Burkes in the county of Gal way. And if it may please your 
honor, the bearer hereof, James Grafton, having occasion to repair 
into England, I thought it fit to send this said plat by him, who 
drew the same forth by my instructions (to your lordship). And if it 
shall please your lordship to send him into London to some excel- 
lent workman or other to have the same more effectually done, he 
is able to set down the same " more plainer " for your honor to 
understand, by such direction as he hath received from me ; for in 
many places he hath erred in divers points, which he may amend 
according to the truth, and to the instructions the which I have 
set down unto him. As your lordship hath said, so is it most true 
in the opinion of the wisest and gravest sort, that the house of 
Athlone is for none so fit as for the officer of the province, and very 
necessity for Her Majesty's service doth so require, as also the house 
of Roscommon ; but such as shall hardly afford him the first, and most 
needful (which is the house of Athlone) will never assent, as I think, 
to the having of both. For my own part, I speak it not that myself 
am the chief officer of the province (but if that I were not), yet 
must I speak my conscience without partiality ; and further, if it 
shall please your honor, it would do very well, as your lordship 
saith, if that Her Majesty would bestow some other thing upon 
Mr. Malbie, as may counter vale the same, here or elsewhere, and to 
take the said house of Roscommon into Her Highness' hands ; for 
that it is a place most fit for Her Majesty's officer in that province, 
and besides that, it would be very well for the gentleman, for that 
he shall not be able to maintain the reparations of so great a house 
so much decayed as that is, and to defend and keep the land against 
so many as do pretend interest to the same ; all which things con 
sidered it would be very well for Her Majesty as also for the gentle- 
man. {Indorsed. By Mr. Grafton with certain pedigrees and 
plattes.] pp. \%. Inclosing, 


1687> VOL. CXXVIH. 

Plat of the counties of Sligo and Mayo, with the confines of other 
countries, and tlie place wJiere the Scots made their entry. TJte 
Scots coming over tlie Erne the 24<th August, lay incamped near 
Bundrowes 14 days. 

The 29th of August, the Governor (Bynghani), came to Sligo. 

Tlie 7th of September the Scots removed to the Carre, in O'Rourke's 

The 8th they incamped beside MacDonagh, in Conla. The same 
day, the Governor [Byngham], fronting them, incamped at Drom- 

The 9th they incamped at O'Dogenan's town. 

The 14 th they removed, and made their great 'march, and 
about midnight passed the river at a ford unknown, being put from 
tlie bridge [of Collooney], by the English force. 

The 15th they incamped at the foot of Slewgawne, at which time 
the Governor, to save the prey of Tireragh, incamped at Ballisi- 

The 16th they removed by the side of the mountain to 0' 'Henry 
[O'Hard] Reaghes town, and lay there two days. 

The 16th the Governor lay at Ardglass. 

The 18th they incamped within three miles of Balhegh. 

The 1 7th the Governor [Byngham] traversed the mountains, and 
lay at Arconry [Achonry], at Bishop O* Hart' 8. 

Tlie 19th he removed to Moigare. 

The 19th they came to Coivlcarne. 

The 2Qth the Governor lay at Castelmacoskelan. 

The 2Qth the Scots camped at Ardenry three days. 

The 21s the Governor came to Bannet [Bannada] Abbey. 

The 22nd from thence to Ardenry, on which day the Scots were 
overthrown. [Irish Maps, Vol. /., No. 4. 

Feb. 9. 35. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy Perrot, touching Mr. 

Fenton's imprisonment. We are given to understand, by letters 
from our servant Geoffrey Fenton, that you have lately offered some 
very hard measure unto him, in a matter which, as it seemeth, 
doth greatly touch your reputation. The case, as we are informed, 
is this. Repairing one morning towards the Castle of Dublin for our 
service, he was, by your order, suddenly arrested and committed to 
strait prison in the Marshalsea there, for a matter of debt of 7QL, 
part whereof, as it seemeth, was borrowed, during his last attendance 
here of your servant Russell, and the rest by his wife from yourself, 
to relieve her wants in the meantime of her husband's absence ; 
which, albeit, he never denied you, or refused any reasonable order 
for your satisfaction, yet hath he for the same, without writ or 
process by the officer of the Common Pleas, been brought to the bar, 
there condemned, and from thence earned through the streets by a 
serjeant-at-arms, and this done for his greater disgrace upon a 
market-day, and so committed to the common gaol, wherein the 
haste was so great, as it seemeth to have been both begun and ended 
in little more than half-an-hour. Which manner of proceeding for the 
matter itself, as we cannot but find strange and without example in 



1587. 1 

Feb. 9. 


Feb. 9. 

[London ?] 


any governor, your predecessor, against a gentleman of his place 
being in a mere cause of debt to so small a value, and that concern- 
ing yourself ; so we think that it might have received some better 
form and more moderate proceeding, if either the respect of our 
honour, to whom he is a councillor there, or common equity in 
a cause of your own, had prevailed with you. And, therefore, 
albeit we would be loth to do any act that might tend to the 
public disgracing of your authority, knowing how fit it is to have 
the same countenanced and cherished by us in all things honour- 
able and lawful, yet finding this cause (if it be as we are informed 
over-hardly carried by you), we cannot but advise you not only 
to enlarge the said Fenton that he may attend upon his ordinary 
calling there for our service, leaving this difference betwixt you 
[and] him to be peaceably compounded by some others of our 
council there, uprightly and indifferently affected to you both ; but 
also to forbear those hard kind of proceedings in like cases hereafter. 
And considering how inconvenient it is at all times, but especially 
in so doubtful and perilous a season as this, to have you and the 
rest of our Council there divided, as we hear you are by factions and 
partialities, to our just offence and mislike, the slander of your 
government and prejudice our service, whereof we doubt not but 
you will for your own part have that regard that in honour and 
duty appertaineth. Minute, pp. 3. 

36. Warrant from the Lord Deputy to all mayors, sheriffs, &c., 
to aid Michael Apsley and Richard Harding in apprehending Jacques 
[i.e. Jacomo Francesqui] and others connected with Stanley, p. 1. 

37. Robert Rosyer, Attorney-General of Munster to Burghley. I 
thought best according my duty to advertise your honour, before 
my departure, of my going into Ireland, which, although the fees 
are but small, yet that shall not withdraw me out of Her Majesty's 
service there, to be endeavoured to the uttermost, according the 
duty of my allegiance ; but because the office of attorn eyship 
within the province of Munster is uncertain, and gran table over 
unto any person upon the alteration and change of every Lord 
Deputy, my humble request unto your honour is, that during the 
time I am here in England, that by your good lordship's means I 
may have the same by grant from Her Majesty by patent under 
seal, for that, that my coming now into England in Her Highness' 
service is not unto your honour unknown, and my coming without 
license from the Lord Deputy is cause of forfeiture of my office, by 
virtue of a statute there made, being one of Her Majesty's officers 

pay. I left, may it please your honour, with Mr. Secretary 


[William] Davison divers notes of notorious malefactors within the 
province of Munster, desiring his worship to inform your honour 
of them. p. 1. 

Feb. 10. The Privy Council to the Lord Deputy and Council. Clause 
in a letter touching the undertakers ; viz. And whereas the late 
Seneschal of Imokilly, and Patrick Condon may have some pre- 




Feb. 10. 


tend" " iterest in part of the lands that are to be delivered to the 
undertakers, especially Patrick Condon, which may breed disturbance, 
if they be not first in some reasonable sort compounded withal, we 
think it meet and so require you to enter into present consideration 
how the said Seneschal and Patrick Condon may be agreed withal 
to their contentments, so as there may not arise from them any 
disturbance to the undertakers hereafter. [Extract from the minute 
of a letter. p.. See paper placed 1583 July 31. vol. 103. No. 53. 
This clause is repeated in the minute of a letter of 28 Feb.'] 

38. Note of 2,300 men put in a readiness for Ireland. In Devon, 
Cornwall, Somerset, Gloucester, Wiltshire, Derby, Stafford, Lan- 
cashire, Cheshire, 1,200 ; Brecknock, Glamorgan, Radnor, Pembroke, 
Cardigan, Denbigh, Montgomery, Flint, Merioneth, 700 ; Worcester, 
Monmouth, Hereford, Shropshire, 400; Anglesea and Carnarvon 

Feb. 14. 39. Lord Chancellor to Burghley. The bearer, Mr. Newton, very 
Dublin. wisely and valiantly behaved himself in that notable victory over 
the Scots, p. 1. Incloses, 

39. I. Paper written by Philip Williams. It were well that the 
manner of my sending for were such from my Lord Treasurer 
Burghley, and Mr. Secretary Walsyngham, or whomsoever else it 

shall seem good, that my Lord Deputy may have no suspicion of 
the true cause thereof. There be some reasons for it not Jit, before I 
be in England, to be uttered. But I leave it to their wisdoms to do 
therein as shall seem best to their honors, p. .] 

40. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley. I have seen a letter written 
unto my Lord Chancellor here, from the Lord Bishop of Meath, 
(which he requested might be imparted unto me,) mentioning that 
Hugh Strowbridge had informed your Lordship how that he had 
delivered over unto me 100 marks in ready money, and almost 500?. 
in very good bands [bonds], due to Her Majesty, by virtue of the 
commission granted unto him, Rowland Cowick, and others, to 
compound for Her Majesty's first-fruits within the province of 
Connaught, wherein as I cannot but marvel at the impudence of 
the man, in informing your Lordship of so great an " untroath," so 
lest you might by any protestation of his, be brought to believe the 
same, I have thought good to send unto your lordship the enclosed 
note, declaring what several bands he hath delivered unto me, what 
sums have been answered, and when they were received. Assuring 
your lordship that, as it is a true note thereof, so is his report unto 
your lordship very false, that either he hath in bands delivered me 
any greater sum than in this said note is contained, or 100 marks 
in ready money, for I received of him not any one penny. And 
therefore I do conceive of him in this, as I do of his partner Cowick, 
and him, for the service they pretend to have done unto Her Majesty 
in that commission, wherein I am of opinion they dealt most badly, 
having generally diminished the ancient value of the benefices, and in 

Feb. 14. 







no s ort advanced Her Highness' profit, which is the success I always 
expect, when men of their sort are made commissioners for Her 
Maj esty in such services, p. 1. Incloses, 

40. I. Note of the bonds for first-fruits taken by Hugh Strow- 
bridge and others, and delivered over to Sir H. Wallop, with a note 
of 221. 13s. 4>d., Irish paid. pp. 2. 1586-7. Feb. 11. 

Feb. 15. 41. Wallop to Burghley. I. have presumed so much upon your 
Dublin. accustomed favors as to impart unto you in some former letters the 
estate and interest which I have in Athlone, and the wrong which 
I conceive hath been done unto me by the Lord Deputy, in seeking 
the same from me, upon pretence of a full resolution to reside there 
for service' sake, as the only place to accomplish his purposes for 
reformation. In respect of which his pretence, I have been content 
to permit and suffer him to enjoy it, during his time of government, 
although he have never performed any residence there, or walled the 
town, as he seemed and pretended he would have done, neither hath 
done any other good therewith than purchased his own commodity. 
And my hope was thereby to have inclined your lordship to have 
consideration of the injury, and to yield me your honourable further- 
ance for some redress. Howbeit it is now given out of late, that 
this notwithstanding, there hath been a resolution taken at that 
honourable board, that Sir Eichard Byngham should henceforth 
have it, so that the injury should now be the greater, inasmuch as 
the former having my consent was but for a time, and this against 
my will should cut me wholly from a thing whereto I have as good 
right as any man can claim by, that is the broad seal of Her 
Majesty. I cannot think but that either your lordship was absent 
at that resolution, if any such were, or else that my said interest 
was not in your remembrance. For your wonted honourable dealing 
towards me doth assure me, that you would not have easily con- 
sented to prejudice me so much, if you had been mindful that I 
have it by right, and that I hold it not extraordinarily, or as a 
thing not usual, but that all those who have held my place before 
me have enjoyed, since it was taken and possessed from the Irish ; 
neither do I think that I shall offend your lordship, if I shall seek 
to enjoy that benefit of a subject which is open to all, and not to 
forego it without some consideration or recompense for the same, 
which, though I was largely promised by the Lord Deputy for his 
time of having it, yet is utterly unperformed. 

I will not stand to blaze my services, although I hope I may 
boldly say, I look they should defend me at the least from wrong 
and injury; but only cleave to the assured hope of your honourable 
friendship, through which I doubt not but to be supported in my 
just and lawful causes, and that my long absence shall not breed 
me to be so far forgotten, as that upon every suggestion the respects 
of my right and of my service should be lightly weighed. Wherefore 
humbly recommending unto your lordship's good acceptation this bold 
declaring of my grief in that behalf I will end. 
[Indorsed :] Athlone. pp. 1. 



Feb. 15. 42. Sir Richard Byngham to Burghley. Complaining of the dis- 
Dublin. graces heaped upon him. I am, through the hard measure offered 
me by the Lord Deputy, forced to complain unto your honour, most 
humbly beseeching the same of your accustomed favours, so to look 
into the extremity of my oppressed state, that I be not by him alto- 
gether discountenanced, thrown down, and made unable to serve Her 
Majesty in this province or in any other place, which is* most mani- 
fest he goeth about, for besides many injuries and sinister dealings 
which' he hath sought to disgrace me withal, he hath now taken 
from me the entertainment of 3s. 4id. per diem. I hope I have not, 
in the opinion of the good and better sort, deserved to have any 
such abatement, or taking away, of my entertainment ; but sure I 
am the necessary defraying of my place requireth the continuance 
of the same, or rather some more relief by way of increase (which I 
seek not neither). Touching the house of Athlone, he gives it out, 
whether he tarrieth or not, that I shall never have it, for that, saith 
he, the Treasurer hath a lease thereof; but yet, as I am credibly in- 
formed, passed unto him with such conditions that, whensoever Her 
Majesty or your honours shall dislike thereof, it shall be surrendered 
again. The manner and how it was passed, the Lord Chancellor will 
at any time certify unto your honour. I am now most humbly to 
beseech your honour's favourable help in the premises, and how 
needful it is to be in the officer's hands of the province, whosoever 
shall be officer there, may appear by this that happened now of late, 
which was of the negligent or wilful " let scape " out of that house of 
three of our best pledges within the province which lay for the 
peace of the country, but that by my brother's great care and 
diligence, by his sudden rising in the night, he recovered as many 
in their places, though not so good, yet so sufficient that it held them 
in, who intended presently to have revolted, p. 1. 

[Feb. 15.] 43. The answer of Sir Richard Byngham to Mr. Treasurer 
Wallop's letter touching the house of Athlone. First, Whereas 
Mr. Treasurer allegeth that the house of Athlone hath always been 
appertaining to the office he holdeth, he himself knows, and all men 
know, that that place was always reserved for the governors of 
Connaught to reside in, as Sir Edward Phiton, Sir Nicholas Malbie, 
and others my predecessors held the same, and never belonging to 
the Treasurer's office, as he pretends it was ; neither in truth is it fit 
for any, but for Her Majesty's chief officer in Connaught. 

And whereas he says that I may as well lie at Galway, as the 
president of Munster does at Cork or Limerick, I might better say 
that he might content himself with the [White] Friars at Dublin, his 
houses at Enniscorthy, and by Limerick and Bagatragh [near Dublin], 
which he had at a " more easier " rent than I had Roscommon, and 
divers good places else, and not to seek those things which are not 
fit for him ; but in truth my entertainments are not so great as may 
bear the extreme charges of my lying at Galway, and that Mr. 
Treasurer knows full well, and I cannot lie there but I must hire 
my house for my money and that dearly too. And whereas he says 
I have Ballimote and the Boyle, which my predecessors had not, 

R 2 


158 y VOL. CXXVIIT. 

I confess in some sort I have them, but they who were Governors 
before me had sundry greater things which I have not, as Sir Nicholas 
Malbie had Roscommon, Athlone, and divers good entertainments else, 
which are taken from me, as Mr. Treasurer knows, and no man better. 
And I doubt not but if the present charges I am and have been at, 
and what I have defrayed in the time I have held the place, be com- 
pared to the charges and services of such as have gone before me, it 
shall be found that I have not deserved to be any way lessened 
of the allowance which others !have had before me. And in this I 
will ask no better testimony than Mr. Treasurer [Wallop] himself, 
forbearing to make repetition of anything touching that point. 

Touching the castle of Ballimote, which he terms to be a strong 
and large old castle, and a good scope of land belonging unto it, if 
Mr, Treasurer will repay the charges that I have disbursed upon the 
repairing and mending of the house, as shall appear by a just 
account, and be bound to find a constable and sufficient ward there, 
without any penny charges to Her Majesty, as I have done, I am 
contented he have the house and all commodities belonging to the 
same, in such sort as I have had it. And for the Boyle, every man 
knows that there is not a piece of a house standing upon all the 
demesnes of the same ; and what commodity I may have by it 
hereafter, I know not, but hitherto it hath not been worth to me 
anything, through the wrangling of the Lord Deputy ; for if he had 
not been, I could have had the lease from the Lord Chancellor for a 
small consideration ; and between them two, I have been kept from 
the use of it, and have not reaped any commodity by it hitherto. 
But truly they are both places for service, and far unfit for Mr. 
Treasurer, or for such as will give most money for them. 

And touching Roscommon which he says I might have kept in 
my hands until May come twelve months, I see no reason that I had 
to keep it so long, paying such an excessive rent for my house-room 
as I did, and much less to keep it in my absence, when things could 
not be so well husbanded for my profit as when I was present 
myself. Fourteen or fifteen score pounds a year is a great rent 
for me to pay for a house to serve Her Majesty withal. And 
therefore am I rather to be blamed for keeping it so long, than in 
delivering it up to the heir. 

And whereas he hopes that your honours will not hold me to 
seem worthy of all and he nothing, this all is so little as never 
governor of Connaught was so shortened as I am, but if it shall 
please Her Majesty and your honours to think him worthy of that, 
and the rest too, I shall be very well contented therewith, and what- 
soever shall be assigned unto me. But the truth is that when 
Mr. Treasurer made this lease to himself of Athlone, it was con- 
ditioned between the Lord Chancellor and him, that whensoever 
Her Majesty or the Governor of that realm should think it 
meet to dispose otherwise of that house than to him, that then 
Mr. Treasurer should presently resign up his lease and patent of 
the house, and other things appertaining to the same. And this 
shall be proved, if the trial might be referred to the Lord 



Chancellor's oath, and this is all Mr. Treasurer's great interest to 
that house. 

And whereas he says the parting with it, will be so great a 
disgrace unto him which he respecteth more than the value of the 
thing, that is a very slender objection, for it cannot be so great a 
disgrace to him to depart with it now, as it hath been all this time 
that the Deputy hath kept it from him against his will. But if 
these disgraces be so much respected, what a disgrace is it to Her 
Majesty's officer of the province to be shortened of that which all 
his predecessors have had, besides a great hindrance to the general 
service. But truly I must needs say, it is most unfit for Mr. 
Treasurer, and fit for none but for Her Majesty's officer there, as 
every man will affirm, pp. 3. 

Feb. 16. 44. Wallop and other Commissioners to Burghley and others. 
Whereas, formerly we advertised you of our proceedings about* the 
measuring of Dungarvan, and the lands thereunto adjoining, with 
Lisfinin, Youghal, and Inchiquin, with others containing about 
twenty-seven thousand four hundred four score and six acres, good 
and bad. We returned in October, by means of the great wet and 
unseasonable weather, which then fell in those parts, committing the 
further proceedings in that service to Captain Thomas Norreys, 
Vice-President, Justice Jessua Smythes, Mr. James Golde, and 
Mr. [Thomas] Wiseman, and four measurers, viz., Kobins, Lawson, 
Whiteacre, and Jobson, to proceed further in the county of Cork, 
who accomplished their service so far forth as the short days and 
foul weather would permit them. And towards the end of 
December, Mr. Wiseman, with three of the measurers, returned, 
leaving only Mr. Kobins to continue measuring and drawing the 
grounds into plots, which plots he affirmeth unto us he draweth by 
your Honours' appointment. Before which time of their return 
there were perfected many offices, and then and sithence by Mr. 
Robins were measured the lands of Kiricurrihy, Carrigroughan, 
Carriginvaer, Mallow, Killcolman, Mourne, Bally Macphilip, Burdens- 
town, Rathgogan, the country of Kinalmeeky, the country of Glean- 
nachroim, Ballingarry, Nohovale, Tredinstowne, Robertstowne, and 
the Glynn, amounting to about the quantity of 63,000 acres, besides 
the chargeable lands in Kirrycurihy aforesaid, which are also 
measured and plotted. 

About the beginning of this month, we gave order to Mr. Robins 
to leave off such his plotting, and that he and the aforesaid Jobson 
being returned hence into the said county of Cork, should there 
proceed in measuring only. 

The despatch of the service your honour might greatly further 
by sending some three or four expert measurers over hither to be 
employed with the rest, for we have no other skilful measurers now 
in this land, but the said Mr. Robins and Jobson. 

We have herein sent enclosed to your honours a schedule touching 
the nature of chargeable lands (a thing worthy resolution), whereof 
we have also sent a copy to Mr. Valentine Browne, hoping lie will 
solicit your honour therein. 



Although the undertakers should come over before all be measured, 
yet we think they may have fit places to sit down upon for one year 
without hindrance. By which time, with the help of more measurers 
from England, we hope the measure of the whole will be taken. 

We have not heard from your honours, or from Sir Valentine 
Browne, or Mr. Payton, who we hoped would have advertised to us, 
any very material direction touching our service in Munster causes, 
sithence August last, neither have we as yet received Her Majesty's 
Articles of direction, under the Great Seal, whereunto our commis- 
sions refer us. 

And, therefore, expecting your honours' resolutions for our further 
proceedings, we humbly take leave. Signed: H. Wallop, Ch. 
Calthorpe, Roger Wilbraham, Lancelot Alford, Thomas Wyseman, 
Roger Mainwaring. pp. 2. Incloses, 

44. i. An advertisement to the Eight Honourable the Treasurer, 
Burghley, Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, Mr. Secretary Walsyngham, and 
Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer, for their resolutions touching the 
reducing of the chargeable lands in Munster to a certain com- 
modity of land or rent to Her Majesty's use. 

The nature of chargeable land is to b'e subject to the lord's will. 
The yearly reservation ivas not always of one quality nor quantity, 
sometimes one thing, sometimes another, sometimes more, sometimes 
less, and generally the lord did impose upon the inhabitants thereof 
what he list, and when he list, and distrained for it, and took it 
as due unto him without bargaining, setting, or letting of the 
land, or any mention of the same. 

If the tenants would come to the lord and say, I will pay for no 
more for my land than for this quantity, and name it, then the 
lord may use the remain as his own, and convert the profits 
thereof to his own use, until the said tenant would take the same, 
and undertake to answer all charge out of it. 

If the lord would let out for rent of corn or money, that parcel 
of land so seized upon by him during the continuance thereof in 
his hands, the usual tenant, whom they term the freeholder thereof, 
should have the fourth part of the said corn, or money rent, yearly 
of the loi^d. 

The land is not chargeable with any arrearages as long as it 
is waste, by reason the lord had the profit of the grass, wood, and 
pasture thereof during the waste. 

Some of the tenants of the chargeable lands show ancient deeds 
proving the inheritance and freehold to have been long since in 
their ancestors, and others proving the freehold to have been in 
them whose estate they have. Some other can show nothing, but 
allege a continual tenancy in them and their ancestors. The 
charge of the said lands was mansmeate, Coinye, horsemeate, Liverie, 
a rent certain, srah, a rent uncertain, sout, finding of labourers, 
and horses without wages or meat, musteron. A daily stipend 
growing for soldiers, called Bonnybegg, another allowance of meat 
or money instead of it called Bonnyburry, another stipend for 
fcem-e called Keamty, and an allowance of meat and drink for 




stud-keepers called Gillicon, with such other like impositions. And 
these were levied at the will and pleasure of the lord. 

(1.) TJie jirst question is whether the tenants that have their 
lands subject to such impositions of the Earl of Desmond, and 
others, shall be esteemed only as tenants at will, for then Her 
Majesty ought to have the land. 

(2.) Because these impositions, and Irish exactions, wherewith 
the lands were charged (admitting the tenants to be freeholders, as 
in some cases they were), are unprofitable to Her Majesty, and to 
the undertakers, being no certain rents, how some good composition 
might be made with the tenants for Her Majesty's avail, to draw 
those exactions into a rent certain, or else to take surrender of 
parcel of the land to Her Majesty's use in discharge of the said 
exactions, and freeing of the land. 

(3.) Tlrnt commission were given from Her Majesty to skilful 
and faithful men for reducing these things into certainty, either of 
land or rent. p. 1. 

[Feb. 16.] 45. Advertisement by the Commissioners for Munster to the 
Lords of the Council [in England], concerning the chargeable land 
there. [Similar to the above inclosure 44 I.] p. 1. 

Feb. 16. 


Feb. 17. 


46. Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricard, to Burghley. Eight 
honourable my duty remembered. Having always found in your 
honour a fatherly care towards me, and my furtherance in every 
respect, which also hath been declared unto me at large by Mr. 
Nathaniel Smith, I could not but in these few lines signify unto 
your Lordship the duty I owe therefore, with acknowledgment all 
the days of my life of that service unto your honour, which one as 
bounden might or ought to yield in like behalf. And as I doubt not 
of your honour's wonted good will to continue in like sort towards 
me, so I hope that God will give me that grace as to deserve no less 
at your Honour's hands, p. . 

47. Edward Denny to Burghley. I rely and believe only on your 
lordship for my chief good, and as I have found your favour ever 
prest (ready), and acknowledge myself already bound and benefited 
by your credit and goodness to me, so do I most humbly now 
beseech your Honour to stand fast to me (if so you like of my suit 
and allow myself sufficient). I understand that Sir William Stanley 
had a reversion of Mr. Jaques Wyngfeld's office, for the which if 
your lordship may think me worthy, and I by your lordship's 
favour therein remembered, if to my good it prove, you bind me 
(as notwithstanding for ever), and enable one who shall ever most 
constantly with all love and reverence, even from the truth of an 
honest heart, stand by you to the uttermost of his power when 
please you to command, or without calling if need require. 

My Lord Deputy, I thank his lordship, hath bestowed Sir William 
Stanley's band on me, being remembered and entreated by my 
Lord Chancellor and all the Council. I desire to bo thankful for it 
to them all, and as my patron if I may pray your lordship's thanks 




to them, which through your goodness I am emboldened to intreat, 
1 shall most humbly thank your honour withal. My good friend Mr. 
Treasurer [Wallop] tells me that it were good that your lordship 
(if it so pleased you) would signify that although there were an 
article set down that no undertaker should have charge, yet con- 
sidering this present need, and the place I come from, myself may 
be excepted, else perad venture hereafter, I may be wrangled withal, 
and put from my charge, for it pleased the whole council to choose 
me and stand with me for the fittest, and my Lord Deputy used 
me very well therein, who had thought to have bestowed it on his 
second son, some of the council I think repugned it. p. 1. 

Feb. 19. 48. Mr. Henry Duke to Lord Burghley. That I have no oftener 
Dublin. acknowledged your honourable favours towards me, by writing unto 
you, I humbly beseech you, not to impute to any ingratitude on 
my behalf, but to an exceeding respect I have had (amongst your 
weighty affairs) not to trouble you with my rude letters : for as I must 
confess my good hap in the obtaining my suits at my last being in 
England to have befallen me principally through your good means, 
and honourable furtherance ; so do I protest whilst I live to employ 
my uttermost endeavours in doing you all the honour and service 
I shall be able in requital of your great favours, and do beseech 
you so to account and esteem of me. 

It may now please you to be advertised that ever since the entry 
of the Lord Deputy into the Government here, I have been by his 
lordship's commandment and direction employed as sheriff in the 
Brenny, a country wherein the O'Reillys are the chief, and before 
my coming thither a nursery of all Rome runners, and all others, 
robbers, spoilers, and burners of Her Majesty's good subjects of the 
Pale ; so as neither merchant or other could pass to the market 
unrobbed, poor inhabitants dwell near them unspoiled, or any other 
in manner live thereabouts, without continual danger of losing both 
life and goods ; besides which such was their uncivil and disordered 
course amongst themselves, as daily murders were by them com- 
mitted one upon another; no man answerable to the law, neither* 
any penny of Her Highness's revenues paid ; but Her Majesty put 
to a yearly charge of allowance made unto commissioners for 
ending controversies between them and the Pale. All which incon- 
veniences, by reason of my abode amongst them, and the course and 
order I have followed and observed, are cut off and reformed ; and 
not only every man brought to be answerable to assize and sessions, 
but the subject freed from fear and danger ; the poor (as well 
as other) leaving their cattle nightly abroad, without stealing; 
Her Majesty also truly answered of her arrearages, and her revenue 
by this means much increased and advanced. 

In my travel in those parts I found out for Her Majesty the 
Abbey of Cloneys in Dartry in M'Mahon's country, which was con- 
cealed from Her Highness ever since the suppression, and is the 
only place to lay a garrison for the bridling and reforming of 
M'Mahon's country, Maguire's, and the O'Reyllys, and of all others 
the most apt and fit to answer any other part of the north, where 




the placing of 100 men in garrison will subdue and bring into sub- 
jection more ill-disposed men, and far more increase Her Majesty's 
revenue than double the conquest of Leix and Ofialy. At this 
place Sir John O'Reilly, and all the rest of this country, together 
with Sir Ross M'Mahon have earnestly written to my Lord Deputy 
to have a garrison placed, and M'Mahon hath, by his letters, offered 
unto his lordship to yield yearly unto Her Majesty (over and above 
that he now payeth) 400 choice beeves, so as he might be freed 
from the O'Neills, and not yield anything to any of the Irishry, but 
only to hold of Her Highness. 

For these things, if I could have obtained the Lord Deputy's 
license to go into England, I would have laid down before your 
honour, so firm a plot as I nothing doubt but should have been to 
your good liking. But for so much as I cannot, being still employed 
in the service, I beseech your honour not to think that I have 
waded into this circumstance purposely to be mine own herald, but 
only to let you understand of some hard measure, I am likely to 
receive in my absence from thence, whilst I am detained here to 
serve Her Highness, namely in this : That whereas I bought, and 
dearly paid my money unto Sir Lucas Dillon, for the lease of the 
parsonage of Balliboggan, in the county of Meath, which he held 
of Her Highness for years yet to come, I am informed that some 
do now go about, to work the means to get the reversion thereof 
from me, which if it so fall out, I shall not only sustain great 
hindrance thereby, but have cause to think myself hardly used, 
that being employed here in Her Majesty's service, and in respect 
thereof, debarred from following my cause by my presence in 
England, anything should pass so much to my prejudice and disad- 
vantage. Therefore, I am bold, most humbly to crave that by 
your honour's good means, I may obtain Her Majesty's most 
gracious letter to the Lord Deputy here, for granting unto me 41 
years in reversion of the said lease with reservation of such 
annual rent as is therein specified. And as you have already, by 
your former favours tied me to be for ever at your commandment, 
so shall I never fail to acknowledge them accordingly, and will 
reckon this as an establishment of my devotion and vow to do 
you all the service that whilst I live I shall be able. pp. 2. 

Feb. 20. 49. Sir H. Wallop to Lord Burghley. By letters lately received 
Dublin. from my man there, I understand how favourably you have vouch- 
safed, even of yourself, to remember my suit concerning the fee- 
farm of the abbey of Adare, with the rest of the small parcels 
adjoining thereunto, promising, when opportunity should serve, to 
renew it unto Her Majesty in my behalf, and to procure the expe- 
dition or resolution of the same. For which honourable testimony 
of your lordship's care of me, I cannot express how greatly I 
think myself bound unto you, not so much irj respect of the worth 
or value of the suit (being in truth, no such thing as haply may 
have been supposed), as in consideration of the assurance which I 
take thereby, of your good will and honourable disposition to 



further any my reasonable cause in matter of greater importance, if 
occasion were ministered. And truly, my good lord, I do acknow- 
ledge your favour in that behalf, so much the greater, as I consider 
that without your supportation of this my suit, it had utterly 
fallen to the ground, so small comfort have I received by any other 
means (which to deal plainly with your Lordship), hath touched me 
the more with discontentment, for that I gather the slackness 
of friends in things of little moment to argue less hope of any 
earnest endeavour in weightier causes, and so consequently of weak- 
grounded friendship. Besides that, the repulse in a suit so often 
granted to so many of late, and some of very small or no desert, 
would seem to the world a special token of mis] ike or disfavour, 
and be the more noted by the small value of the thing. To con- 
clude, I say eftsoons, that herein I confess myself to rest bound 
to your lordship, and that I shall esteem my obligation to increase 
so much the more as it shall please you to give perfection to the 
thing. And albeit, the offer of my simple service be a very mean 
satisfaction for your manifold favours towards me, and be already 
due unto you, as purchased long since, yet I will not cease to 
present it still, as a continual testimony of my thankfulness, and 
as an instrument which may both be framed by your favours 
enabling me, and quickened with oft-renewed courtesies, to work 
some such requital as to an honourable mind may be taken for 
great part of satisfaction ; for it is usual to noble minds to impute 
for merit that which is but gratitude in those upon whom they have 
bestowed the abundance of their bounty. 

I think it needless for me to solicit your lordship for the despatch 
back of my said man with treasure hither, knowing that the con- 
tinual necessity of the garrison is manifest unto you, as declared 
by the Lord Deputy, who (as he telleth me), hath lately written 
thereof at large unto you. And that Her Majesty and your 
honours there being advertised of the preparations which are made 
in foreign parts, and by sundry and several advertisements con- 
firmed hither, and threatened to be for invasion here in this realm, 
adding thereunto the late revolt of Sir William Stanley, with those 
Irish bands he carried from hence, who (as it falleth out) is over- 
well acquainted with the service and state of this country ; will be 
careful to supply this place with provision, not only of money, but 
also of men, victuals, and munition, in time to prevent the dangers, 
either of sudden trouble from abroad, or of inward treachery at 
home, of which these rumours, and the doubtful minds of this 
hollow-hearted people, give no small cause for doubt and mistrust. 
Although at this instant (God be thanked) there is, in appearance, 
universal quiet through all the country, only Walter Reagh, one 
of the Geraldines, with a few idle fellows, and one of the Kavanaghs 
being maintained by Feagh M'Hugh chiefly, do spoil and kill by 
fits, and would do much more hurt than they do, if the half of my 
band, which lieth at Enniscorthy did not bridle and restrain them 
somewhat. And unto these ill members, are of late joined some of 
the O'Mores of Leix, such as their masters could no longer answer 




Feb. 20. 


Feb. 20. 

Feb. 21. 



for, and have therefore turned them to shift for themselves, which, 
sept of the O'Mores are of late years more increased, and grown 
strong in number of men, than any other sept within the pro- 
vince of Leinster. Thomas Chapman, Mr. Auditor's man, to be 
despatched, pp. 2. 

50. Acquittal of Sir Kichard Byngham under the hands of the 
council, viz., Adam Dublin, cane., Sir N. Bagenall, John Garvey, 
Bishop of Kilmore, Chief Justice R. Gardener, and G. Fenton. 
Whereas Theobold Dillon, gent., hath exhibited complaint containing 
sundry grievous articles against Sir Richard Byngham, Chief Com- 
missioner of Connaught and Thomond, which being by him particu- 
larly answered upon hearing of the causes at this board, and due 
examination had of the matters, we find that the said Theobald Dillon 
hath failed in proof in the substance of all such articles as concerned 
the said Sir Richard, the complainant, and hath prosecuted against 
the said Sir Richard, rather for vexation and for dislike he hath to 
his government there, than for any probable just cause or matter, not 
forbearing to insert in the same most of his causes grounded upon 
hearsay not proved, nor any way concerning the said Sir Richard. 
And, therefore, we do hereby not only deem the said Theobold to 
have greatly wronged the said Sir Richard in those his malicious 
accusations, but also do hold the said Sir Richard sufficiently acquitted 
and purged thereof, and his credit and authority in his government 
and charge no whit abated, but rather increased, by defending so 
sufficiently and truly (as they fell out) the malicious informations of 
the said Theobold. With postscript by Sir H. Wallop, that he 
concurs with the rest for as many articles as he was at the hearing 
of. Copy, p. 1. 

51. Earl of Kildare to Burghley for payment of the remain of his 
father's warrants, being 208?. 3s. Od His sickness. 

52. Wallop to Burghley. I understand by Mr. Henry Duke, 
a gentleman of good desert here, that whereas he holdeth of Her 
Majesty the 'parsonage of Ballyboggan in the county of Meath, 
as lessee thereof, for some 10 or 12 years yet to come, which he 
purchased and bought of some one or other that formerly had 
the same, he is now informed that there are who go ahout by 
suit there to procure the reversion thereof from him. Wherefore, 
he hath earnestly requested me by my letter to your lordship to 
further the suit he intendeth to make for a lease in reversion 
thereof of forty years to be granted unto himself. For the following 
whereof he purposed to have repaired into England in person; but 
being employed in Her Majesty's service here, cannot obtain licence 
from my Lord Deputy so to do. The gentleman, I suppose, is not 
altogether unknown unto your lordship, who is an ancient servitor 
here, and a man of especial good desert. And as I have heard him 
commended for the good service he hath done Her Majesty before my 
coming into this realm, so since my coming, of mine own knowledge, 
I am able to testify in his behalf that he hath served painfully, 
and deserved well. The Lord Deputy, from the beginning of his 



Feb. 22. 


government here, hath employed him as sheriff of the Brenny, a 
country inhabited by the O'Reillys and their followers, very uncivil 
and barbarous people, but by his industry and good behaviour 
amongst them, a very good entry is made to the reducing them to 
civility and better course of living, than heretofore they have fol- 
lowed. In respect of which his services and the reasonableness of 
this {his suit he now intendeth to make, I cannot less do than 
recommend the same to your honorable favour, p. 1. 

53. Book of the charges at the journeys made by Sir John Perrot 
into Ulster in 1584 and 1585 under Jenyson's hand. pp. 9. 

Feb. 24. 54.*Tho. Chapman to Burghley, He dares not make any longer 
Greenwich, abode here. Solicits an order for the payment of 64?. 9s. 0%d. 

sterling. Accepts of Her Majesty's gracious letters to the Lord 

Deputy and Council for his preferment, p. 1. 

Feb. 25. 


55. Geoffrey Fenton to Lord Burghley. I most humbly thank 
your lordship for your late honourable favour used in procuring the 
despatch now brought from thence by my servant, which, nevertheless, 
is far from working in the Lord Deputy any calmness or good 
temperature to my comfort, but rather quickeneth his lordship to a 
more sharp and severe mind against me, seeming to stomach .... 
so much the more as he findeth that I have complained and 

bemoaned my cause to h and your lordship. His 

lordship hath now despatched his man Bickerstaff with .... 
notes and testimonies against me ; but what they are, or to what 
they p . . . .1 know not, though I think nothing is omitted 
which may either blemish the truth .... defence, or shadow 
his lordship's violent courses holden with me ; yet for my part have 
[I in] my former letters laid down to your lordship a true declara- 
tion of my trouble and the cir . . . . I will from henceforth 
rest wholly upon that truth and your lordship's equity to wa .... 
and judge the same, without troubling your lordship with any 
further cautions, for my justific .... Only thus much I make 
bold to note to your lordship of Bickerstaff, he was the man that 
assisted the officer to arrest me, accompanied me publicly to the 
bar, and heard or might have heard the words and commandments 
of the judge to commit me to prison ; likewise his lordship sent 
him to me two days before my trouble to demand the debt of me, 
so as if he will not corrupt his testimonies with affection, he may 
render a sincere report of all things, having been an actor and 
an eye-witness therein from the beginning. He is the Lord 
Deputy's servant, preferred by his lordship of late to a wardship, 
put in hope to have further advancement and benefit, and very 
inward with his lordship, since he was made an instrument in 
this matter, which in a man of no better feeling in conscience and 
honesty than he is esteemed here, may be reason strong enough 
to carry him too much on his lordship's side, besides he was a 
minister (as I understand) under one, Spark, a scrivener in London 
at the time of his banckrowting (sic), and how far he was stained 




Feb. 25. 


Feb. 25. 

Feb. 25. 
Feb. 25. 

Feb. 26. 



with his falseness, though it be not directly known here, yet it is 
thought he is not free from the suspicion thereof. I produce not 
these to deprave the man, but offer them as notes to inform your 
lordship somewhat of his qualities, and to counterpeyse (sic) his 
partiality, if he shall use any against .... in your lordship's 
presence, to whose judgment and authority I fly only in the just 
and innocent cause, p. 1 . 

56. Ambrose Forth to the Lord High Admiral Howard. It 
may please your honour to be advertised, that the 3rd day of 
January, one Edmund Wycombe, of Bristol, was apprehended at 
Dublin, for that he had robbed a Frenchman, named Peter Taderno, 
of Marennes, which spoil he made at Lizard near the west coast of 
England. I committed to the constable of Her Majesty's castle of 
Dublin, two merchants Harry Shelton, of Dublin, alderman, and 
William Harbert, of the same, merchant, who being privy to the 
fact and that he had the Frenchmen under hatches, notwithstanding 
bought the lading of salt of the "pirates, and conveyed the most 
part of them into England. The mayor of the city of Dublin, 
Mr. Richard Rounsell, of mere power hath rescued and taken 
the prisoners from the constable. 

There hath been since taken, the 28th day of January, at 
Drogheda, one Captain Cawfeld, who, with his company, is supposed 
to have robbed a Londoner, of figs and other fruits at Port Elly 
[Porthilly], near Wales. The pirates are all committed there to 
the number of one and fifty. We have no commission in Ireland for 
their trial according the course of Her Majesty's laws ; neither are 
the statutes made anno H. VHP". 27 and anno H. VIII 28 for trial 
of pirates of force in Ireland, according the common opinion of our 
Justices. Howbeit I construe [consterr] them to extend to all Her 
Majesty's dominions, for offences committed upon the main seas. 

The officers within liberties each-where utterly refuse to intro- 
mit any ordinary authority, or to plead and show their charters 
touching the admiral jurisdiction. I humbly beseech your honour 
to feel the opinion of the learned touching the points herein related, 
with certificate of your pleasure therein. The Lord Deputy's favour 
from time to time in assistance of your honour's ministers might 
greatly further the execution of that office, if it might please your 
honour in private, or by direction from the lords of the Council, to 
move him thereunto, p. 1. 

57. Doubts to be resolved touching the Admiralty, with extract 
of the charter of Dublin, pp. 2. 

58. Answer to the above with precedents, pp. 4. 

59. Mrs. Jaen Brussels, alias Haecky, alias Hawkes to Burghley, 
for payment out of the Privy Seal for Ireland of a debt to Hancock 
for Mellichap. p. 1. 

60. Sir Richard Byngham to Lord Burghley. I may not omit to 
advertise your honour of a very rare proceeding of the Lord 
Deputy against me. The 19th of February, being Sunday, myself 


1587? VOL. CXXVIII. 

being then at dinner at Mr. Justice Gardener's. The manner of ifc 
was this : the Lord Deputy sent one of his greatest cutters or fighters, 
whose name was Stephen Seagrave, constable now of the castle 
of Dublin, who with a great white truncheon or bastean [baton] in 
his hand, delivered me this message, viz, that his lordship bade him 
tell me he was now ready for the combat, and did, as it were, 
challenge me, upon two or three points, which seemed to me a very 
strange thing for his lordship to offer, or myself to accept, and 
much to that purpose I answered the said constable, from whom, 
as from his honourable good lordship, I have not yet further heard 
in this matter. [Although that his lordship said that he was ready 
now for the combat, I protest before God I never heard of any 
such challenge, nor of any such matter.] But by this, your honour 
may see what perilous worlds and dangerous days we pass here, 
that for well doing and good desert we should be drawn to these 
extremities. Well I will lay aside to trouble your honour with 
my own private causes, resting myself wholly upon the merciful 
protection of the Almighty, and your accustomed and favourable 
care of your poor friends. And I will now, right honourable, 
without malice or hatred, deliver unto your honour, in the dis- 
charge of my duty and conscience, what I gather in judgment by the 
experience and knowledge of this man, as also by the state of this 
broken and disorderly commonwealth, the people of which do 
generally hate us and our government ; I mean in this, the 
tyrannical great ones, and therefore are most apt to conspire, prac- 
tise, and draw in any foreign forces to disturb, disquiet, or let the 
intended course of reformation, and how speedily that may be 
compassed, when the government shall fall into the hands of a 
Lord Deputy, who shall in some sort favour the said Irishry more 
than a good course in policy shall need, or a just course of justice 
shall require, through which, with many his extreme usages, he 
draws himself in the end to be generally misliked, or rather hateful 
to all sorts, and especially of the best sort of his own country- 
men and soldiers; upon the strength and trust of which, both 
the health of Her Majesty's state here, as also his own honour 
and safety doth depend, which surely he hath so wilfully in his 
own pride and overweening lost, as he will never be able to recover 
it again, and therefore most unapt and unable to do Her Majesty 
service here, as in a just regard is requisite, and to be wished. 
How dangerous a thing, right honourable, may this be, if this 
e land should be attempted by the force of foreign enemy, as by 
many conjectures may be justly suspected. Surely there is no 
man of wisdom, experience, and judgment of this state, and of the 
man, but in reason may gather and conclude, that through his 
weakness and insufficiency may see, as in a glass, the ruin, spoil, 
mishchief, and overthrow of the whole. I am of this opinion, that 
his revocation shall be more available to Her Majesty's service 
here than the strength of a thousand of the best men that may 
be sent hither for supply and aid. And thus, as I have afore said 
in the discharge of my duty and conscience, I end, wishing that he 




Feb. 27. 


were such as he pretends to be, or as Her Majesty and your honours 
hope to find. And now, my most honourable good lord, if his 
continuance here be so thoroughly resolved over there as that he 
must needs tarry, then I most humbly and earnestly beseech your 
good lordship to remember my poor and former suit, that I may 
be called away to serve Her Majesty in some other place, as not 
here any longer able to indure ; and as myself doth at this in- 
stance trouble your honour with this my poor request, so I fear 
me you shall find many more here that belong of the English, yea 
and of the better sort of the said English council, that will be 
suitors for the like liberty, for such are his extremities, as they 
are intolerable to all, or most of Her Majesty's true and good 
servitors within this land. I am bold to send your honour a 
testation of the convincing of that clamorous fellow Theobald 
Dillon, who partly confessed that he was stirred up by some others, 
and not altogether of himself. Thus, since his lordship will still 
continue this hard course towards me, I most humbly beseech your 
honour to favour my licence to come into England, where I hope 
to yield unto your honours a good account of my proceedings 
here. pp. 2. 

61, 62, 63. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy. Whereas, for 
the more strengthening of the province of Minister, and for the better 
defence of the English nation now to be planted there, we have been 
pleased to grant unto the undertakers, the number of six score horse- 
men of a new charge, which by our former direction was to be divided, 
and committed to the charge of such four of the principal gentlemen 
of the undertakers, as should bring warrant for the same from home. 
We let you wit, that forasmuch as our trusty and well beloved Sir 
Walter Rawley, Knight, hath offered to levy 20 horsemen, Sir 
Edward Fyton 25 horsemen, Sir William Herbert and Sir Valentine 
Browne other 25, and John Popham, Esq., our Attorney-General here, 
Edward Rogers and John Cooper, Esquires, have also undertaken 
to provide 40 horsemen, and Edward Barckley, Esq., 10 horsemen, 
which together make up the full number of six score, we are 
pleased the same several numbers shall accordingly be under their 
several conduction, notwithstanding our other direction by our said 
former order. 

Wherefore we will and command you, that you give order 
presently to the Vice-President of that province, that the said 
several companies be mustered by him, as soon as they shall be 
brought over. And that thereupon, such our ministers to whom it 
appertaineth, do accordingly admit and inroll and enter into our pay, 
the same horsemen, after the rate of 12 pence sterling the piece, from 
the day of their arrival there, and so to continue during our pleasure. 
[Three minutes slightly varied.] pp. 3. 

Feb. 28. 64. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy, written upon the petition 

Greenwich, exhibited 12th January. After our hearty commendation to your 

Lordship. Understanding as well by letters from the commissioners 

appointed for the surveying and measuring of the lands attainted in 


]587? Vox.. CXXVI1I. 

Munster, as also by report of such, of the undertakers as have 
been in Ireland, and are lately returned hither again, that the said 
survey cannot conveniently be performed this winter time, by 
reason of the shortness of the days and unseasonableness of the 
weather, especially in such an exact sort of working by the line as 
by the said commissioners hath been begun, so as they surceased 
further proceeding therein until the next spring, saving that in the 
meantime they have appointed Thomas Wiseman, gent., and Arthur 
Robins to go forward in the execution of that service, as the time 
and weather will permit them. Her Majesty doubting that this 
delay of the survey, and the proceeding in the same in such an exact 
sort as is before remembered, will not only breed a stay of further 
proceeding in the undertakers, in transporting of their people and 
other necessaries for the better planting of themselves in the said 
country, whereby the next summer may happen to be lost as the last 
was, for lack of timely beginning ; but utterly disable the said under- 
takers (a matter that Her Majesty is careful should be prevented), 
hath therefore committed the same to our consideration, to devise 
how the same loss of time might be avoided, we have, according to 
Her Highness good pleasure, advised and considered thereof, finding 
this to be the readiest way for expedition of the said service : [In 
margin, New commission.] That Her Majesty should grant commis- 
sion to the persons already appointed to be surveyors of the said 
lands, to cause the said survey to be prosecuted out of hand, in a more 
speedy and superficial sort, by the eye or by the instrument, by 
persons skilful therein to be sent from hence. And in the mean- 
time we think it very meet that Thomas Wiseman, gent., and Arthur 
Robins (who were appointed by the late commissioners to go for- 
ward in the said service), be directed to proceed in the performing 
thereof, either by instrument or by the view of the eye, which we 
find may be done without hindrance either to Her Majesty or the 
said undertakers, for that as we are informed, the chiefest of them 
(the countries that arc now to be peopled, consisting of many 
particular seignories), have already, by mutual accord between 
themselves, agreed what special seignories, or smaller parcels, shall be 
allotted to each of them, and have further offered, that in case it 
shall be found hereafter, within some convenient time to be assigned, 
by a more exact survey, that any of the seignories possessed by them 
shall contain a greater quantity of ground than is limited in the plot 
of Her Majesty's offers whereupon this undertaking is grounded, they 
will be content to yield unto Her Majesty rent for the same after 
such rate for the acre as they are bound to pay for grounds of like 
nature in the rest of the seignories, with humble request, that if any 
of the said seignories shall be. found to want of the just number of 
acres, they may be allowed in abatement of rent rate for rate. And 
this manner of proceeding being agreeable to the desire Her Majesty 
hath, that the said service intended in Muster should be hastened, 
it hath pleased Her Highness that, besides the authority to be given 
to the said commissioners to proceed in the said survey in that 
speedy manner as above specified, to give them also power upon 



good knowledge received from the said undertakers of any county 
or territory and their associates, or any six of them, under their 
hands in writing, what places are by mutual agreement amongst 
themselves, allotted to each of them in the several countries in that 
province, together with such information as the said commissioners 
shall receive from such as they shall appoint to finish the survey of 
the several bounds of the special parcels so allotted, testified under 
their hands and seals, to direct warrants to the Lord Chancellor or 
Keeper of the Great Seal of that realm, to pass unto the said under- 
takers their several grants, under the great seal of that realm, without 
expecting further warrant, either from Her Majesty or from you Her 
Highness' Deputy. For which purpose, and for the more expedition 
therein, there shall be authority given to the said Chancellor or 
Keeper of the Great Seal, to pass unto the undertakers, patents by 
immediate warrant. Further, Her Majesty's pleasure is that pre- 
sently upon the receipt of our letters, your Lordship [in margin, 
Dyreccyon to be geven to the Vice-President for placyng the under- 
takers] do give commandment to the Vice-President and Council of 
Munster that, upon notice given to the said Vice-President and 
Council, by the said undertakers, or any six of them as aforesaid, of 
the several places allotted unto any of them, he by advice of the 
Council, do put the said undertakers in possession of the said places so 
allotted unto them, when they shall require the same, and to remove 
all such as either by pretence of custodiam or otherwise by intrusion, 
do now occupy the same lands or any part thereof. And for that it 
may be, that some of the said places are in the occupying of the said 
Vice-President, we think meet that you give order to him, to resign 
and deliver the same to such of the undertakers, to whom by agree- 
ment amongst themselves they shall fall to be allotted unto, and to 
see them put in actual possession thereof, and that he do content 
himself with such parcels of the said escheated lands, as shall be 
thought meet to be annexed to the office of Presidentship within the 
said province. 

And whereas [in the margin, Patricke Condon and the Seneschall] 
the late Seneschal of Imokilly and Patrick Condon, may have some 
pretended interest in part of the lands, that are to be delivered to 
the undertakers, especially Patrick Condon, which may breed 
disturbance to the said undertakers if they be not first in some 
reasonable sort compounded withal, we think it meet and so require 
you, to enter into present consideration, how the said seneschal and 
Patrick Condon may be agreed withal to their contentment, so as 
there may not arise from them any disturbance to the undertakers 
hereafter, and hereof if good agreement cannot presently be made, 
to send us your lordship's opinion with all convenient speed. It is 
also thought necessary for the ease and quiet of the said undertakers 
in their possessions, that your lordship should appoint some com- 
missioners in the said province to treat as well with the present 
incumbents of such benefices as were collated by any of the traitors, 
whose lands are accrued to her Majesty by the late attainder, and 
also with those which are owners and possessors of parsonages 
a. s 




impropriate mixed with the attainted lands, for that it is to be sup- 
posed that the said benefices are of the most part occupied by 
persons, either not sufficient or not conformable in matter of religion 
to draw them to some reasonable composition, by moving the said 
incumbents (if they be not meet to enjoy the same) to resign their 
interest to the undertakers, to be by them bestowed upon other 
persons of their own choice, reserving to the now incumbents a 
competent portion of the profits of the said benefices, by way of 
pension during their lives. And also that the said owners of impro- 
priations may be drawn, to yield out of the tithes, or other rents of 
their parsonages, some reasonable yearly stipend to be given to 
persons to be chosen by the undertakers to celebrate Divine service, 
and execute other ecclesiastical functions among them, or else depart 
with their interests in the said parsonages impropriate, upon such 
reasonable offers, as shall be made by the undertakers to their 

We have also thought good to allow of a request of the said 
undertakers, which is that they may be permitted without any 
restraint, to make their provision of cattle within any part of that 
realm, agreeing with the parties that are owners of the same, wherein 
we pray your lordship to afford them your best assistance. 

Further, it is thought convenient that, for the terrifying of male- 
factors within the said province of Munster, and for the better 
assurance of the undertakers' quietness, both your lordship and the 
president of Munster, should forbear to grant either pardon or pro- 
tection, after possession of the lands delivered to the undertakers, for 
any offence that shall he committed within the said province, where- 
unto we are to pray your lordship to have special regard, as also to 
give notice thereof to the vice-president of the same province. And 
yet, nevertheless, if such an extraordinary case shall happen as the 
granting of a pardon for a fault under the degree of treason or wilful 
murder, or some one protection for a small time may be some 
notable stay of a public mischief, we cannot but leave the regard 
thereof to your consideration, knowing it hard to prescribe any good 
rule so general but some circumstance of person, time, or matter 
may permit an exception. 

And whereas heretofore Her Majesty was pleased, for the better 
surety and defence of the said colony, to grant the levy of 300 footmen 
as parcel of the ordinary garrison of the realm, at her charge to be em- 
ployed in such parts of the country as should be found most necessary 
for that purpose, Her Highness being now given to understand, that 
the converting of the said number of footmen into horse shall be more 
agreeable to the said undertakers and expedient for her service, is 
pleased that in lieu thereof 120 horsemen shall be levied, erected, 
and assigned by your lordship, as parcel of the ordinary charge of 
the garrison for the defence and security of the aforesaid colony, to 
be divided by equal number unto such four of the principal under- 
takers, as Her Majesty shall recommend unto your lordship for 
that charge. And, further, Her Majesty's pleasure is, that none of 
the captains and soldiers assigned to the President, nor any other, 


1587 VOL. cxxvm. 

may be in anywise chargeable to the English inhabitants, settled or 
to be settled in Munster, nor to any of their tenants. And that 
none of Her Majesty's officers, nor any for them to be troublesome to 
the English inhabitants or their tenants, in taking up any provision 
amongst them or troubling them with carriage. And for that there 
is a year lost to the great charge of the undertakers for want of 
advancement of the survey in time, it is also Her Majesty's pleasure 
that one year more of immunity be added to the undertakers for 
their recompense. 

Moreover, Her Highness' will is, that your lordship cause a 
restraint to be made of all transportation of corn or other victual, 
out of any part of Munster until Michaelmas come twelvemonth. 
And that none be permitted to buy any corn sown in the ground 
within any part of that province, unless it be some of the under- 
takers ; and that all knights that are undertakers, as long as they 
shall be present and inhabiting within Munster, shall be in commis- 
sion with the president there, and in their absence some other to 
be named by the president and the rest of the council, of the under- 
takers ; and that your lordship will appoint some of the undertakers 
to be joined in commission with such as the examining of titles and 
compounding with intermixed freeholders shall be committed unto. 
Lastly, we are to remember your lordship that for such parcels of 
the escheated lands as shall be thought meet to be annexed to the 
office of the presidentship, it is to be understood that the said presi- 
dent and his successors from time to time, shall answer to Her 
Majesty the ancient rents according to the last survey. [Indorsed] 
The last letter for Ireland, in Feb. 1586-7. Minute, pp. 6. 

Feb. 28. 65. Mr. Robert Petre to Lord Burghley. He has two dockets 
with warrants, one for Capt. Piers Hovenden 128?. 11s. 2d. sterl. 
the other for Captain Richard Hovenden 126?. 8s. lie?, sterling 
p. 1. Incloses, 

65. i. Note of the remain of Privy Seals for Ireland being 
1,844?. 8s. 5c?. p. 1. 

Feb. 66. Note of a docket of Theodore Betaugh for 64?. 14s. 2iZ. sterling, 

and of one of Thomas Chapman for 64?. 9s O^d. p. 1. 

Feb. 67. Note of the composition in Connaught. p. 1. 

Feb. 68. Jaques Wingfelde to Burghley : for sundry parcels of the 

munition for Ireland to be carried to Chester in carts, p. 1. 

Feb. 69. Note of points wherein the Lord Deputy Perrot's authority 

is abridged and other matters, wherewith he findeth himself 
aggrieved, p. 1. 

Feb. 70. Note of artificers discharged in Ireland, and of others enter- 

tained, p. 1. 

[Feb.] 71. to the Lord Deputy [Perrot]. Fears that if the woad 

grown in Ireland exceed not 13 tons there will be some loss. Has 
passed his interest to some others, and entertained Richard Yck to 

s 2 




March 1. 

March 4. 


deal with a parcel of ground at Inchiquin, and to be furnished with 
money by G. Beverley. Androwes to employ his stock near Dublin. 
{Draft in Beverley's handJ] p. 1 . 

72. Captain Nicholas Merriman to Lord Burghley. That whereas, 
I was addressed with my company of 100 footmen into the north 
parts of Ireland (by the appointment of the now Lord Deputy 
there) to be one of the composition bands defrayed by the country, 
wherein I remained the space of two whole years, receiving only the 
allowance of one quarter's pay ; and by means whereof, together 
with the extreme calamity and impoverishment we therein sus- 
tained, I was forced to furnish their necessity and defects with 
apparel, furniture, and money, by taking credit of divers merchants 
above 900?. to my utter undoing ; and having due for my pay 
upon the northern lords the sum of 1,24<2Z. 5s. (as by the copy of 
my petition exhibited to his lordship may appear), I became peti- 
tioner for the same, that I might have order taken for the payment 
thereof (according to his lordship's promise to me and my aforesaid 
company, before we entered to serve with them), or licence granted 
me to bring distress out of the country, which his lordship refused 
to do. Presently after I was discharged from the country pay, 
unpaid to my great hindrance, and continuing in Dublin in most 
grievous sickness during eleven weeks, where I lived without pension 
or any other pay. I was likewise constrained to pawn all the 
apparel I had, to make money of to relieve me therein, p. 1. 

73. Mr. Solicitor Roger Wilbraham to Lord Burghley. May it 
please your honour (my singular good lord) to understand, that 
having perused, and I trust reduced into good form of perfection the 
offices for Munster lands, I find little was found for Her Majesty 
in the county of Tipperary by the commissioners, so as the 
one half by good conjecture remaineth to be found. I think 
your honour hath heard how the commissioners were crossed 
then by my Lord of Ormond's officers, and nothing since is in- 
tended to be done there till the commissioners here be advertised 
of your honours' pleasures therein. Moreover Francis Lovell hath 
5s. per diem pension ; one Comerford 20Z. per annum ; and one 
Nangle -another pension, till they be promoted to lands in Munster, 
it were good the Lord Deputy had order to assign them some 
competent portions of land paying the fee farm [rents] in discharge of 
their pensions, which the parties desire to continue, surmising that 
Her Majesty hath already granted by letters patents all the 
attainted lands to the undertakers, and so they would excuse their 
own negligence all this time. I have twice or thrice put my lord 
in mind hereof, and albeit it be reasonable, yet nothing I doubt will 
be resolved here, till directions from your honours of the Council. 
These matters I am bold to acquaint your honour withal being 
omitted in the letters directed to your honours from the Munster 
commissioners here. 

"We have made a draught of a lease (and Mr. Attorney and 
I subscribed our hands thereunto) to Mr. Brouncker of the impost. 





His agent disliked the clauses which I think to be necessary for Her 
Majesty's service, and therefore were content to let him have it 
under our hands to impart to his Master. Sir Edward Waterhous as 
collector, and Briskett as controller have such absolute and large 
patents, as out of Her Majesty's rent of 2,000?. for the impost 
(wherein I conjecture Her Highness' expectation is. to have 2,000?. 
above all charges, clear) they will have, each of them, poundage 
viz., 200?. deducted for their fees out of Her Majesty's 2,000?. 
Besides, I am informed by the officers here that one White, 
Mr. Brouncker's former agent upon his former lease, before my time, 
made no perfect accomplishment of account, so as Mr. Brouncker is 
indebted upon his former lease 500?. His agent saith Her Majesty 
and your lordship are acquainted therewith, yet doubting thereof 
I thought it a necessary part of my duty to inform your good 
lordship thereof, referring the same as the rest to your lordship's 
wisdom and grave consideration, p. 1. 

March 5. 74. Lord Deputy Perrot to the Privy Council. By my letters of 
Dublin Castle, the 5th of January last, at the request of Turlough O'Neill, I wrote 
unto your lordships in his favour, touching certain requests he made, 
and now the said O'Neill finds himself grieved with certain letters 
presented by one Pat. Cullen, by the means of Sir Henry Bagenall 
and other of that Machiavelian device, to Her Majesty, being a com- 
plaint against me, whereof he constantly affirmeth he was not privy. 
Who hath sent his secretary, Saloman Fernan, to Her Majesty with 
his letter, declaring how he was abused therein, and I much 
wronged. As also to make requests to Her Majesty for certain 
matters, whereof I partly wrote to your lordships in my said letter, 
humbly beseeching your lordships to have regard not only to hia 
reasonable suits, but also to the manner of my message, which I 
have required my son to impart unto your lordships, fearing I have 
been very often misused in like manner, which I refer to your 
lordships' most grave considerations. And as the making of O'Neill 
to be Earl of Omagh during his life, and the granting of the barony 
and of the lands demanded to such as he shall nominate to be his 
heir, and to his heirs males, will not be much ; so the dividing of so 
great a territory as Tyrone is, will be very necessary to this state ; 
and be a good means to extinguish the name of O'Neill hereafter, 
if the matter be well used, and yet Her Majesty shall not ba 
without some yearly revenue out of those lands, which heretofore 
have cost Her Majesty and her progenitors great sums of money. 
p. I. 

March 5. Copy of the above. Ireland. Folios. Vol. XII. p. 7. 

March 6. 75. Sir H. Bagenall's petition for the present government of 

Ulster. The urraghs to depend on Her Majesty. O'Neill and 

Tyrone not to be suffered to wage Scots. Sessions to be kept four 
times a year. p. 1. 

[March 6.] 76. Sir Henry Bagenall's description of Ulster. [This document 
is calendared at 1586 Dec. 20.] pp. 14. 



March 6. 77. Earl of Kildare to Burghley. For payment of a remain 
of his debt to satisfy his father's creditors. His sickness and great 
need. p. 1. 

March 6. 78. Sir George Bowrchier to Burghley. For payment of 365Z. 

March 6. 79. Thomas Bridges and Matthew Benyon to Burghley. For 
the payment of their two pensions, or the enrolment of their warrant 
at the receipt of the Exchequer, p. |. 

March 7. 80. Baron Delvin to Burghley. Remembrance of his suit to 
Kiltome. come to England. His readiness to accomplish Her Majesty's 
pleasure, whether in service in Ireland or by returning to England. 
p. 1. 

March 7. 81. Capt. Nicholas Merriman to Burghley. He is very sick, and 
London. neither physician, apothecary, nor any other will minister unto him. 
He has not the value of one groat to buy meat. Prays relief in 
money, p. 1. 

[March 7.] 82. Petition of Capt. Nicholas Merriman to Burghley. For pay- 
ment of 40. due upon his pension, p. 1. 

March 8. 83. Thomas Norreys to Burghley. Not long since I did adver- 
Cork. tise your honour and the rest of Her Highness' most honorable 
Privy Council, of the particular wants and weakness of this province, 
since which time I have also sundry times made it known to the 
Lord Deputy Perrot ; notwithstanding I have not received any 
supply of men, munition, or any other thing, necessary to withstand 
such inconveniences, as all men repairing from foreign parts do 
report to be imminent, and as the time itself doth give presumptions 
to be suspected. The noblemen and gentlemen of the best sort (of 
whom I have already taken such pledges and assurance as they 
are able to afford) do show a willingness, to defend to the utmost 
Her Majesty's right and their country, but the often proofs which 
they have manifested to the contrary doth apparently show, in my 
simple judgment, that there can be no great matter hoped for at 
their hands. 

According to a former direction from your honour and the rest 
of Her Majesty's most honorable Privy Council, I am now in hand 
to take into safe keeping the White Knight, the Seneschal of 
Imokilly, Patrick Condon, Patrick FitzMaurice, and some other of 
their sort. Their subtilty is such, as it will be very hard for me at 
one time to have them together, notwithstanding I hope so to 
compass it, as shall stand with your honour's good liking. 

I have received your honours' letter concerning Mr. Denny, to 
whom I delivered the possession of Tralee, as your honours assigned 
me. And for that I understand that Mallow (a place which I have 
hitherto had the keeping of) is assigned to Her Majesty's Attorney 
General, who as I understand doth little esteem of it ; I am humbly 
to crave that by your honours' favour I may be admitted for an 
associate in the county of Cork, and that I may still keep that 




place, which by your honour's good means I doubt not but Mr. 
Attorney will easily yield unto. I affect not the place for any special 
goodness, but for that having held it so long I am the more un- 
willing to leave it, and if I may obtain it, I will endeavour myself 
to do Her Majesty the best service I am able, and ever rest most 
humbly at your honour's devotion, p. 1. 

March 8. 84. Advertisement touching the preparations in Spain. About 
the 1st of this month there arrived at Baltimore a ship of Water- 
ford from Spain, laden with aquavitae and sacks, and staying there 
expecting a wind to bring them about ; they were in the meantime 
taken by an English man-of-war ; to whom repairing, I demanded 
the cause why they took the ship, who answered for that they had 
-traffic with Spain, and further that upon the first entering of the 
ship they found in one of the merchants' factor's pockets a letter 
containing a whole sheet of paper all torn, which pieces having laid 
together they found therein matter of treason, both to England 
and Ireland. The man-of-war's name is Thomas Dutton, and a 
brother he hath with him named William, both sons to Mr. Dutton 
of Duttons, in Cheshire, who showed me as much of the letter as 
concerned the State here, but no more. The effect whereof, so near 
as I can remember, followeth in these words, viz. : 

" You shall further understand, my good father, that I am married 
to a widow in Bayonne, of good parentage, who hath had secret 
conference with one of her friends, who told her that part of the 
King of Spain's army would arrive upon your coasts, and she 
greatly feared that you with my mother, should miscarry with the 
rest ; whereupon I told her that I myself would come with the army 
for your better safeties, but thereunto my wife would in no wise 
grant, so as now we have concluded to send Walter Lee who shall 
see you safely brought hither. I would write more at large unto 
you, but that I doubt the intercepting of my letters." 

This was written by Nicholas White of Bayonne to his father 
Piers White now dwelling in Waterford. Sir Finnin O'Driscol 
saith that one of the said ship told him in secret that all the Irishry 
at Home, and elsewhere in Spain, were making their repair to Lisbon, 
where they think to meet the King in person, p. 1. 

85. The Chancellor Archbishop to Burghley. His commendation 
of the Earl of Tyrone, wise, valiant and staid, to have his inheri- 
tance or part thereof, notwithstanding the statute of Shane O'Neill's 
attainder of II Eliz. p. ] . 

March 9. 


March 9. 86. Petition of the Baron of Dunsany to the Privy Council, to 
have sterling pay for his 20 horse according to the words of his 
warrant. And payment of 600Z. part of 1,000. granted by Her 
Majesty out of the casualties of Ireland, p. 1. 

March 9. 87. Petition of Meyler Fay of Bealleanour in Ireland, to the 
Lord Burghley. Humbly beseecheth your honour Meyler Fay of 
Bealleanour in Ireland, a poor young gentleman, that it may please 
your lordship to have honourable regard of the equity of his humble 


VOL. cxxvni. 

suit, the state whereof appeareth in the articles hereunder written, 
and he according his bounden duty shall never cease to pray for 
your honour's most prosperous health and state long to continue. 
viz. : 

Geoffrey Fay, father unto your suppliant, being heretofore humble 
suitor unto Her Highness for Her Majesty's letters to restore him to 
certain lands taken from him by mistaking the meaning of an Act 
passed in Ireland, in the reign of Queen Mary, &c. 

He alledged in his petition, the like letters to have been formerly 
granted in the like cause in the favour of Sir Maurice FitzGerald, 
knight, etc. Which, allegation, as then, took effect, for want of 
sufficient testimony to prove the same to be true, &c. And not- 
withstanding the right honourable the Lords of Her Majesty's 
most honourable Privy Council, finding Her Highness well inclined 
to grant his petition (if his allegation were true), addressed their 
letters unto the late Lords Justices in Ireland, to cause search to be 
made among the Rolls for the said letters, and to certify their 
opinions of the cause together with the copy of the said letters 
hither, &c. The said Lords Justices, finding the said letters, caused 
a copy thereof to be made, and sent the same together with a certi- 
ficate of their opinions of the said cause, by the said Geoffrey. And 
sithence the said Geoffrey being restrained of his speedy repair 
hither, through impotency by age, sickness, and poverty, died by 
the way, whereby the right of the premises is descended unto 
your suppliant, who having the said copy and certificate, is repaired 
hither for Her Highness most gracious redress and help therein. 

Your suppliant hath an exemplification of an office taken in Her 
Majesty's Court of Exchequer in Ireland upon the death of Meyler 
Fay, grandfather unto your suppliant, finding him to have died 
seized of the lands in demand, and finding the said Geoffrey to be his 
son and heir, in which exemplification your suppliant's title to the 
premises is at large mentioned, as by the same, ready to be showed, 
may appear, p. 1. 

March 10. 88. Sir Lucas Dillon to Burghley. The Earl of Tyrone hath been 
Dublin. of long time an humble suitor for licence to repair thither to do his 
humble duty unto her most excellent Majesty, which the Lord 
Deputy hath now granted. And for that I have been sometimes 
employed to declare the resolution of the governor here, for the said 
Earl's direction in Her Majesty's service, wherein I found him alway 
ready and willing, which I then promised to make report of if occa- 
sion served, I do therefore now presume to inform your honour of 
the same, assuring unto your honour for truth, that the borders of 
the English pale adjoining to the places where his lordship hath 
charge, have not by my memory been so free from spoil and incur- 
sions as in these late years, which is partly imputed to his care. He 
is greatly followed, valiant, and by reason of his bringing up and 
training of far better disposition, more tractable and politic than 
any of his ancestors. He is wise, and hath seen the danger of dis- 
loyalty, and therefore I believe and trust he will hold on a good 
course, p. 1. 



March 12. 89. The Lord Chancellor Loftus to Burghley. Although this 

Dublin. gentleman, Sir Edward Moore, is very well known unto you, yet 
for that upon some occasions concerning himself he is at this present 
to repair thither, I could not, being my ancient and good friend, but 
accompany him with my letters to your lordship. He hath, in the 
course of his life here, carried himself in such good sort, as he hath 
from time to time worthily deserved the good opinion and liking of 
the State here, and as occasions have been offered hath been 
employed in matters of great weight, which he hath always very 
dutifully and wisely discharged, and in all journeys and hostings 
hath ever very chargeably given his attendance, whereby he hath 
gotten great experience, and is one fit to be employed in very good 
place here. p. |. 

March 12. 90. Sir Lucas Dillon to Burghley. Recommends the bearer, Sir 
Dublin. Edward Moore, as a gentleman of special account, p. 1. 

March 13. 91. Lord Deputy Perrot to Burghley. This bearer, Sir Edward 
Dublin Castle. Moore, being an earnest suitor to have my licence to repair over for 
divers causes much importing himself, I have thought good to grant 
his request, the rather for that he hath promised to return again 
within six weeks or thereabouts, and for that he is a valiant gentle- 
man and hath served Her Majesty long here, and very chargeably 
in all journeys with me since my coming over, having no charge of 
horsemen or footmen, or other certain entertainment from Her 
Highness during my time, saving the constableship of the fort in 
Offaly, I may not but recommend him unto your lordship's favour- 
able consideration, humbly beseeching your lordship to further all 
his reasonable motions to Her Majesty, thereby to encourage him 
and others the better to serve Her Highness, p. . 

March 13. 92. Petition of Capt. Robt. Collum to Burghley for payment of 
m. 8s. Od. p. 1. 

March 13. 93. Memorandum 
payments, pp. 2. 

of the suitors for Irish debts and of their 

March 14. 

94. Geoffrey Fenton to Burghley. In September last I wrote to 
your lordship of the good choice that was made of Justice Gardener 
to this place, and of his discreet beginning to reform many abuses, 
both in the general course of the law, and in the particular ministry 
of Her Majesty's revenue, in curing of which two sores resteth in 
effect, the remedy of the residue of the diseases in the civil parts 
of this government. I also advertised your lordship then of some 
crosses and impugnancies which he found to disturb that work, 
and how hard it would be without backing and strengthening from 
thence, for him to make perfect those good proceedings, having to 
contend against him a strong faction here, more favoured by the 
Lord Deputy than the Justice was, or is, encouraged. Since that 
time he hath found more and more thwarts and impediments, with 
far less countenance and support in the Lord Deputy than he 
hoped for, and Her Majesty's affairs required, whereby he is driven 




to despair of any good end of his labours, but rather groweth 
weary under so great a discountenancing as he findeth, and in that 
humour seeketh to be rid of the place, and return again to his 
private calling in England. I have discovered that he hath now 
made means to be revoked, and hath pressed it in importune 
manner, not without some offer of reward to such as shall solicit 
it, which I am bold to let your lordship know, and withal to re- 
member you how inconvenient it is for this staggering government 
to shift officers of his importance, and chiefly what prejudice may 
fall to Her Majesty's causes, as they stand now, by the loss of him, 
who in the general opinion of all the best affected councillors here, 
is a most sufficient and fit tempered man for his place. And for 
my part, I dare adventure upon my credit to assure your [lordship, 
that he is the best complete man in all parts for the service of this 
realm that could be sent. It were good service to Her Majesty to 
stop the suit of his revocation there in time, for that (it may 
be), it is pushed on from hence by some sinister working, and that 
likewise the Lord Deputy might be written unto not to dis- 
countenance any more his commission of superintendency, but to 
give all assistance to the execution thereof, specially the course 
being carried so moderately, as by seeking to assure Her Majesty's 
profit, the subjects are neither offended nor discontented. Moreover, 
if the Attorney-General, who, by his office is bound to no little 
service in these affairs, were the man he ought to be, the Justice 
might have help lay him, but for that he is discovered here to be 
short of that learning and judgment which his place requireth, and 
to be rather a pleaser of the Lord Deputy than careful of the 
public service, and lastly too much addicted to the Irishry, the 
assistance which he giv^th profiteth little, besides the hurt that 
may grow by his too easy concurrency in some matters with the 
Lord Deputy, which also I am bold to note to your lordship, as a 
want not the least needful to be redressed for the better accom- 
plishing of the work now in hand. p. 1. 

March 15. 95. Jaques Wingfelde's demands for the accomplishment of sundry 
proportions, and other emptions to be made, and stored for ser- 
vices in the realm of Ireland, p. 1. 

March 16. 96. Eates of munition and sundry habilimentsof war. pp. 2. 

March 17. 97. Petition of John Newton to Burghley. He was one of the 
first Englishmen who adventured to inhabit within the province of 
Connaught, and became Her Majesty's tenant to certain parcels of 
land, which before that time lay waste, in keeping and maintaining 
the possession whereof he was at no small charges. And after he 
had builded and planted himself upon the same, he was burned and 
spoiled two several times by the enemy, and lost houses, corn, 
cattle, and all that ever he had, and was divers times assaulted and 
his life endangered. And whereas the townsmen of Galway by 
false title had concealed both those lands and much more from Her 
Majesty, pretending it to be due and appertaining to their town, 
your suppliant to his great charges, defended Her Majesty's title, 



and by office and inquisition (which he hath here ready to be 
showed unto your honour) proved it to be Her Majesty's ; in con- 
sideration whereof the Lord Deputy [Perrot] promised him a lease 
thereof for 21 years, which, notwithstanding, the said Lord Deputy, 
contrary to his said promise, without cause or consideration, hath 
taken the said lands quite from your orator, and hath given the 
same to one of his men, his butler, by means whereof his butler is 
preferred, and your poor orator, in recompense of his long and 
faithful service, in his old age, is left destitute of any living where- 
with to sustain himself, his wife, and children, to the great dis- 
comfort of him and all old servitors, unless Her Majesty and your 
honour use some pitiful consideration of him, wherefore, the 
premises tenderly considered, he beseecheth your lordship to be a 
mean to Her Majesty, that he may be relieved by way of pension, or 
otherwise as shall seem best. p. 1. 

March 21. 98. Geoffrey Fenton to Burghley. For that it may be that suit 
Dublin. w jn k e made there, both by letters of favour from hence, and other 
secret means, to have some of this regiment now attending there, 
and others, to be called to the council table here, I am bold to send 
your lordship the catalogue of the councillors already authorised, 
and (for the most part) attendant continually, to the end, your 
lordship seeing how many there are already, may consider whether 
it be necessary to increase the number further. The inconveniences 
which occur daily by the multitude of councillors, to the hindrance 
of Her Majesty's service, show well that the number is too great, 
for that many of them being either too much affected to the 
governor, or too fearful to offend him, are so ready to concur and 
subscribe with his lordship, that oftentimes many things (through 
that weakness) go down the stream to Her Majesty's disprofit, 
which otherwise would not, in a less number. Besides, the course 
of this government beareth not to have many acquainted with the 
counsels and resolutions for service, for that the purposes and events 
thereof are oftentimes either corrupted or prevented by making 
many privy thereunto, of which here is but too much example and 
experience, to the great prejudice of service. I thought not amiss 
to give this note to your Lordship, knowing that Her Majesty shall 
be greatly pressed for three or four to be called to the table, wherein 
it is not unlike but the chief mark that is shot at, is to raise a party 
or faction to serve turns, for the passing and subscribing of concor- 
datums, pardons, and other matters of profit, at the motion of jthe 
governor. The remedy and prevention whereof I leave to your 
lordship's wisdom. P.S. Councillors always, or for the most part 
attendant, the Lord Chancellor Loftus, the Lord Primate, the Bishop 
of Meath, the Bishop of Kilmore, Marshal Bagenall, Treasurer Wal- 
lop, Sir Nicholas White, Sir Robert Dillon, Sir Luke Dillon, Sir 
Richard Byngham, Chief Justice Gardener, Sir Henry Cowley, Sir 
Edward Waterhous, Sir Thomas Le Strange, Edward Brabazon 
Armiger, and the Secretary, G. Fenton. Councillors absent, the 
Earl of Ormond, Sir John Norreys, and Sir Valentine Browne. 



March 23. 99. Sir H. Wallop to Burghley. I am led chiefly by the duty 

Dublin. which I owe to Her Majesty, being employed here as a councillor 
(though unworthy), and mine own natural disposition, dis- 
liking all sinister and indirect practices, especially wherein Her 
Highness or your lordship may be abused, to acquaint you with 
some things, wherein my Lord Deputy seeketh to inform and 
persuade Her Majesty, your honours of the council there, and 
the world, otherwise than, upon due trial, they will fall out (in my 
opinion) to be found. Amongst which, one is, that which he hath by 
greatest protestations imparted here almost to every man ; yea even 
of the mere Irishry, that his charges and expenses being so excessive 
he hath spent of his own since his government here, well near 
7,OOOZ. or 8,0007. ; which protestations, accompanied with oaths, 
although the wiser sort to whom he declareth it do little credit, 
considering the course he holdeth of sparing for his own commodity, 
yet the others and the Irishry, partly believing him in respect of his 
earnest manner of expressing it, do make it redound to the dishonour 
of Her Majesty, esteeming it not agreeable with a princely bounty, 
to maintain a state with the hindrance of the officers, whom she 
employ eth in the government of the same. But to make his alle- 
gations the more probable, he hath set down a book of weekly charge 
of household for some weeks, by which (rating things according as 
the market commonly goeth) his expenses should seem to amount 
to above 501. by the week of ordinary (some notes of which his 
weekly expenses it pleased him lately in his chamber to show 
me). And truly, I have according to my plain manner, which I 
shall never change, even to himself, said as much as now I do 
signify unto you ; and that is, that howsoever he make show of 
such a charge, yet they that are wise will consider the truth and 
not the appearance. And that for such and such reasons, it 
cannot be conceived to be anything near to that sum, par- 
ticularly entering into the scanning of his rates, according to a 
note which I have sent herein enclosed to your lordship, by which 
you may see how greatly he overchargeth himself in the three 
principal matters of household expense, and thereby guess somewhat 
of the rest proportionably. But instead of good acceptation of 
my friendly advertisement and counsel, I perceive his lordship con- 
ceiveth the worse of me, and behind my back reporteth, that like a 
fox I observe his doings to inform against him, and that it is not 
for good will that I resort to him, when others of the council absent 
themselves from him, but only to espy his proceedings, and to 
misconstrue them, dealing therein (I protest before God most unjustly 
and ungratefully with me) ; for I assure your lordship upon my 
credit that I seldom wrote concerning him of any matter that I 
misliked ; but I have first privately (and in some publicly) in the 
soundest and friendliest manner I could dealt with him, and declared 
the inconveniences which I thought might follow both to the service 
and himself thereby ; and when I perceived that the good office of 
a friend and of a councillor was mistaken or not regarded, I thought 
it my duty (and so will do still till I be expressly restrained) to 


1587 ? VOL. CXXVIII. 

declare to your lordship what I thought thereof, especially when the 
thing might concern anyway the service of Her Majesty. Neither 
do I mistrust or fear that your lordship having been long acquainted 
with the sincerity of my mind, and pleased to conceive of me better 
than I could deserve, hath hitherto at any time, or shall hereafter 
note any malice or other evil passion to prevail in me, so far as to 
advertise anything against any man for any private respect, or 
otherwise than my dutiful regard to the honour and service of Her 
Majesty might draw me. And so I hope your lordship will now 
conceive of this, which his injury should not provoke me unto, if I 
did not perceive that the abusing of Her Majesty in such a persuasion 
of his excessive expense, and some other matters might'draw withal 
greater inconveniences and prejudices according to the intentions 
and ends for which he doth it. 

The like show of expense I understand he hath made of his 
horses and stable, which he makes to amount to about 1,700Z. per 
annum ; a matter so absurd, as any man that liveth here may 
easily discern by a general observing of his charge in that behalf. 
But whoso particularly entereth into the examination thereof, may 
be assured by good reasons that his expense that way, amounteth 
not to a third part of that he setteth down. I should be too tedious 
to your lordship, if I should enlarge anything upon his long and 
weakly practised certificate from the country of their liking 
of his government, for which the Barons of Slane and Trimleston, 
with some others, were made his instruments. What should I say 
of his drift with Turlough Lynagh's agent, to labour a letter from his 
master to Her Majesty or your lordship to the same effect ; which 
nevertheless was in the end penned here, and subscribed by his said 
agent in his master's name. In consideration of which endeavour 
his lordship lent him 40Z. to bear his charges into England. (This 
point I learned from the report of Turlough's own agent.) God is 
my witness how plainly I have told him friendly of the discredit 
which divers of these things would breed unto him, when they 
should come to be discovered, as I declared to him they would be, 
so many being here that observe his doings, and if there were none 
but Nettervyll (whom he detaineth still prisoner) to advertise, that 
he only would ring it out in requital of the injury which he 
supposeth to sustain by his imprisonment, wishing him therefore 
rather to suppress them than to give his enemies so just occasions 
to convince him of untruth. And though somewhiles he have 
seemed to allow of my advice, denying the sending of them, and 
somewhiles protested that he hath sent them with express charge 
to his son and agent there, not to rhow them, if they found it 
likely he were to be revoked ; yet perce^ Ijg that all tendeth but 
to the dazzling as well of our eyes here, as to the abusing of Her 
Majesty and your honours there, and finding so ungrateful and so 
injurious a recompense for my counsel, I thought it my part not to 
omit this office, which is likely will be done by others enough besides 
myself, lest I alone might indeed show myself unworthy of the 
place I hold, by dissembling of things so importing Her Majesty's 


i5sr. VOL - CXXVIIL 

service, and so purchase myself an opinion there to be a fawner 
upon the Deputy, and a follower of the time, rather than a just and 
faithful councillor to Her Highness. For so might be verified his 
censure of me in place, where I would much more weigh the least 
disgrace in the world, than I do any conceit of his either in good 
or evil, as supposing his judgment to be corrupted whereby he 
cannot discern, and his will worse disposed to embrace the friendship 
of any honest or well-disposed man. pp. 2. Incloses, 

99. i. Brief of the overcharge which the Lord Deputy maketh in 
his look of accounts and ^ueekly expenses. March 23. pp. 2. 

[March 23.] 100. A brief estimate of the Lord Deputy's charges multiplied 
from the week to the year. pp. 2. 

March. 101. Request of Sir H. Wallop for the restitution of Athlone 

exhibited by Thomas Fauntleroy, his servant. Whereas one 
Gregory Rigges, sometime a servitor in Ireland, made suit to your 
honour and the rest of the honourable Council, for the grant of a 
lease of certain abbeys in Adare, in the said realm, which said 
abbeys were not granted to any by the space of one whole year after 
the now Lord Deputy's government in Ireland, and so by him granted 
to Sir Henry Wallop, my master, in recompense of Athlone, which his 
lordship by most earnest entreaty, and pretending to wall the same 
town for special service of that country, and would be there 
resident for the better establishing the same, which causes moved 
my said master to yield the possession thereof to his lordship, being 
the rather willing to further so good an intent as his lordship 
then pretended, and yet notwithstanding my said master delivered 
up the abbeys of Adare to the "said Rigges upon your honour's 
and others' the honourable Council's joint letters to him directed 
for that purpose, without expecting any further recompense at his 
lordship's hands, his humble desire is your honour with the . rest 
of the Lords of Her Majesty's most Honourable Council will yield 
him the like favour, in granting your letters to his lordship for 
the re-delivery of the possession of the castle of Athlone to my 
said master, as you did your letters to my master for the delivery 
of the abbeys to the said Rigges, the rather for that his lordship 
is not minded to perform any such matter for walling or settling 
the country as he formerly pretended, and that with your honour's 
good liking he may continue the same during the time of his lease, 
for that it hath been heretofore annexed to the treasurer's office, as 
in Sir William Brabazon's and Sir Edward Fitton's times hath 
been accustomed, p. 1 . 

March. 102. Queen Elizabeth to the Lord Deputy. There hath been exhi- 
bited unto us here, an humble supplication by our loving subject 
Thomas Dalton of that our realm of Ireland, containing complaint 
that he is dispossessed from certain towns, castles, and lands, by Gerrot 
Fitz Redmond, who being a man (as he allegeth) of great power by 
reason of his alliance, he is not able to contend by suit of law for 
recovery of that, which he saith is his right, we have therefore 







March 26. 


been pleased to recommend his cause to the consideration of you our 
Deputy and Council there, willing and authorising you hereby to take 
the hearing and determining thereof unto you, and to make such good 
end therein as ye shall find to be agreeable with equity, which to 
bring to pass you shall use such means as yourself can think fittest 
and best. And because you shall the better understand his griefs, 
We send unto you here included the petition that he exhibited unto 
Ourself, referring you nevertheless to such former information as he 
and his counsel shall there deliver unto you. Minute, p. 1. 

103. Names of Irish suitors, viz., Bishop of Meath, Harrington, 
Byngham, Bowrchier, Lord Roche, Fenton, Power, Collum, Talbot, 
Walshe, Bathe, Florence, M'Carth}', Goodman, Clayton Fletcher, 
Grant, Fitz Gerald, p. 1. 

104. Note of the havens upon the West Coast of Munster. [See a 
similar note calendared at page 232, No. 64 ; see also a map in Irish 
maps, Folio, Vol. 1, No. 33, calendared in tJie next page, viz. 288.] 

105. Note of Irish suitors and their debts, p. 1. 

106. A similar note. p. 1. 

107. Sir Nicholas Bagenall to Burghley. Upon Tuesday last, the 
21st of this month, my son, Dudley Bagenall, issuing forth of Her 
Majesty's castle of Leighlin, whereof he was then constable, to 
the rescue of some Her Majesty's subjects, which were greatly 
distressed by a notorious rebel, one Walter Reaghe, a Geraldine, 
was suddenly encountered by a great number, which the rebel had 
laid in ambush for that purpose, and there being forsaken by most 
of his company, he himself, with 16 of his own men were all (after 
long fight), slain by the enemy. And although (I must confess) that 
fatherly affection doth in some sort draw me to bemoan this hap 
of my son, yet when I do consider how that he did valiantly both 
receive and revenge his death in Her Highness' service, I do scarce 
wish his life, of which, if he had had as great a regard as of his 
honour, he might very well have escaped, as many others did, whose 
feet, at that time, and not their hands, saved their lives. Resting 
doubtful whether his son were ward to Her Majesty or no, in re- 
gard both of the manner of his death, being left dead in the field, 
and that I had greatly indebted myself to procure him some living, 
the better to enable him to continue in Her Highness' service, I 
was emboldened to be a petitioner to the Lord Deputy for the ward- 
ship of the child, which his lordship did flatly deny, alleging that 
he had already disposed it, whereby your lordship may well judge 
what comfort men may have to adventure their lives under his 
government. Wherefore I most humbly beseech your honour to be 
a mean unto Her Majesty that it may please her of her wonted 
goodness, to bestow on me the wardship of the child, to his own 
proper use, as Her Highness' most honourable reward for the blood 
of his poor father, at many times, and now all at the last spent in 
her service, p. 1. 


March 27. Lord Deputy to the Privy Council. Describes the havens to be 

Dublin. fortified. Desires instructions. The vice-president of Munster has 
arrested the seneschal of Imokilly, Patrick Condon, Donough 
M'Cormack, and Mortagh M'Caule, all dangerous men. The peril 
like to ensue on a foreign invasion, should the Deputy be tied by the 
restraints, as to the advice of the Council, contained in Her Majesty's 
letters sent by Mr. Fenton. pp. 2%. Ireland, folios, vol. XIL, p. 5. 

Plot of the city of Limerick [Note. This, though not inclosed 
in the above Entry Book, was nevertheless, sent with the original 
letter.] Irish Maps, volume I., No. 29. 

[March 27.] Plot of the coast of Ireland between Kinsale and Dinglecush. 
Depth of water in the havens, and character of the ground. Irish 
Maps, Folio, Vol. I., No. 33. 

[March 27.] Plot of the fort at the Black- water. Irish Maps, Vol. I., No. 32. 

[March 27.] 108. Privy Council to the Lord Deputy. Resolution that captains 
who have their pays made sterling shall pay the sterling rates for 
their victuals, and such as have their entertainments Irish shall pay 
the Irish rates. Larger imprests for victuals shall be sent. The 
arrearages of those who continue in Her Majesty's debt to be 
levied by the victualler in corn and cattle. [Minute in G. Beverley's 
hand.] p. 1. 

March 29. 109. G. Beverley to [Burghley ?] The artificers and ministers 
of the Ordnance, &c. not victualled out of Her Majesty's store. 


March. 110. Numbers of soldiers victualled, p. 1. 

March 29. HI. Henry Sheffelld to Burghley. As I am to yield your 
Fennagh's Court honour most humble thanks, for all the benefits which I have 
in the county of a i rea( jy received at your honour's hands, so am I now most humbly 
to beseech your honour to desire Sir George Carew that, for 
your honour's sake, and for that he hath had good trial of my 
honest dealing heretofore, he will make me his deputy in Her 
Majesty's house at Leighlin, where he is now constable by the 
death of Dudley Bagenall, who had it of him, if it may please your 
honourable lordship to move Sir George Carew of it, I doubt not 
but that he will not only admit me his deputy, but also let me 
have it with more favour than otherwise he would. 

Mr. Bagenall after he had bought the barony of Odrone of Sir 
George Carew, could not be contented to let the Kavanaghs enjoy 
such lands, as old Sir Peter Carew, young Sir Peter, and last 
Sir George Carew were content they should have, but threatened 
them to kill them wheresoever he could meet them. As it is now 
fallen out, about the last of November one Henry Heron, son to 
Sir Nicholas Heron, being brother-in-law to Mr. Bagenall, having 
lost four kine, making that his quarrel, he being accompained with 
divers others to the number of 20, or thereabouts by the procure- 
ment of his brother-in-law, went into the house of Mortagh Oge 


1587. VOL. CXXVIH. 

[Kavanagh], a man of 70 years old, the chief of the Kavanaghs, 
with their swords drawn, which the old man seeing, for fear of his 
life, because he and all his were so threatened by Mr. Bagenall 
sought to go into the woods, but in the end he was taken and 
brought before Mr. Heron, who charged him that one of his sons 
had taken away the aforesaid cows. The old man answered that if 
he had he would pay for them. Mr. Heron would not be con- 
tented, but bade his men to kill him, he desiring to be brought to 
be tried at the sessions. Further, the morrow after, they went again 
into the woods, and there they found another poor old man, a 
servant of Moriertagh Oge's, and likewise killed him. Mr. Heron 
being demanded why he did not bring him to law, he answered that 
he killed him because he would not confess his cows. 

Upon these murders two sons of Moriertagh Oge's, the one that 
is called Donough Carough, and the other young Mortough, have 
gotten them some bad fellows to the number of 20, or thereabouts, 
to seek to revenge their father's death. The 21st of this present 
they came to a place in Odrone called Balemowan, within a mile 
and a half of my house, and from thence they took the prey of the 
town, but with two horsemen and six kerne, and four " stocores," 
supposing that Mr. Bagenall would follow them where they had 
laid the number of 40 more in a secret ambush ; so Mr. Bagenall 
following more upon a will than by discretion, fell into their hands, 
where he was slain, and 13 more, whereof eight of them were of the 
ward of the house of Leighlin. He had 16 wounds above his 
girdle, and one of his legs cut off, his tongue drawn out of his 
mouth, and slit, as some of the women' confessed who put him in his 
winding-sheet. There is not one man now dwelling in all this 
country that was Sir George Carew's, but every man fled and left 
the whole country waste, and so I fear me it will continue, now the 
deadly feud is so great between them. I am the nearest neighbour 
to the country and to all harms in those parts. If it shall so 
happen that any soldiers be sent into this land, as it is here reported 
there shall, I beseech your honour be a mean that some of them 
may be assigned to be under my leading, whereby Her Majesty 
shall save 4s. sterling a day, which I have. If they be sent hither 
and at my Lord Deputy's disposing, he will bestow them upon his 
own men afore any other, pp. 2. 

March 31. 112. Half-year's book of the state of the whole army and garrison 
in Ireland, being men, 1,761 ; money, 15,405. 17. 8|cZ. sterling. 
pp. 19. 

[March 31 .] 113. Brief of the charge of the army, 30 Sept. 1586 and 31 March 
1587. p. 1. 

[March 31 ,] 114. Total of the entertainment of the army for half a year. 
pp. 2. 

March 31. 115. A comparison of three years' charges, Sept. 1575 to Sept. 
1578, in Sir Hen. Sydney's time, and three years in Sir John 
Perrot's, showing an excess of 35,029?. Is. IfcZ. Irish, in the latter. 




[March ?] 116. The humble petition of Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, to the 
Queen. Most humbly showeth unto your most excellent Majesty 
your most faithful and obedient subject, Hugh Earl of Tyrone. 
Where it pleased [the excellent and puissant prince of most famous 
memory, your Majesty's dear Father, of his princely bounty and 
goodness, and in consideration of the dutiful submission, surrender, 
and repair unto His Highness of Con O'Neill, grandfather to your 
said subject, to nobilitate, create, and invest the said Con with the 
honour, title, style, and dignity of Earl of Tyrone during his life, 
and also did give, grant, and confirm unto the said Con, Earl of 
Tyrone, all and singular the castles, lordships, manors, lands, tene- 
ments, rents, reversions, services, advowsons, knights' fees, and all 
other hereditaments whatsoever, which the said Con O'Neill, Earl 
of Tyrone, had and held in Tyrone aforesaid, with the remainder 
cf all and singular the premises unto Mathew son unto the said 
Con, Earl of Tyrone, and to the heirs males of the body of the 
said Mathew, then by your Highness' most worthy Father erected, 
and made Baron of Dungannon, as by his Highness' letters patent 
in that behalf more fully appeareth. Which Earl in manner aforesaid 
returned into Ireland, continuing during his life, according to his 
bounden duty, a most faithful subject and servitor, and the said 
Mathew, Baron of Dungannon, holding like course, was slain in 
the service of your sister, Queen Mary, by the traitor Shane 
O'Neill ; after whose decease the said dignity of earl and other the 
premises, descended unto Barnaby the eldest son of the said Mathew ; 
after whose decease, being also slain in service, the said dignity and 
all other the premises, descended unto your said subject, being then 
an infant of tender years and in your Highness' ward ; by means 
whereof the said traitor Shane O'Neill, usurped and possessed all 
and singular the inheritance and patrimony of your said subject, 
the said Shane pretending, claiming, and challenging the usurped 
name of O'Neill, and by means thereof the commandment, juris- 
diction, and absolute authority of all the province of Ulster, 
proceeding still from one insolency to another; until at length, 
through your princely power, he was destroyed, and brought to a 
most miserable and shameful death, meet for so proud, insolent, and 
notorious an offender, being therein chiefly assisted by Turlough 
Lynagh, who after the death of the said traitor Shane O'Neill 
stepped -into the said usurped name and power of O'Neill, with all 
the forces he might ; alluring and drawing sundry forces of Scots 
into that province from time to time, for resisting of whose doubtful 
attempts, sundry have been employed, and among others your said 
subject, whose service and endeavours every way, by direction of 
your Majesty's several governors of that realm, he referreth to the 
said governors' reports, and their signification with the Councils' 
there, to the Lords of your Majesty's honourable Council here. 
Since which creation and calling of your said subject's ancestors, 
unto the dignities and advancements aforesaid, notwithstanding 
their loyalty, service, and deaths in service, and the infancy of your 
said subject : yet by parliament held in your Majesty's said realm, 
iii the llth year of your Highness' prosperous reign, the said 



traitor, Shane O'Neill was attainted, and all the whole province of 
Ulster, wherein the patrimony and inheritance of your said subject 
lieth was resumed to your Majesty, the titles of some persons 
excepted, by the said Act, no exception, or saving being made for 
your said subject, being then an infant and ward to your Majesty, 
although unable to see or foresee his own detriment ; yet the child 
of well deserving parents, as well testifieth the graces, favours, and 
bounty of your Majesty's peerless, princely Father, so as thereof 
nothing is left to your subject, but only the honor and dignity, 
which of long time for considerations of your Majesty's service, your 
said subject hath shadowed and covered, until that now through 
your] Majesty's gracious countenance, your said subject, reuniting the 
forces and dependencies of his said ancestors, dispersed and severed 
by their deaths and his own minority, hath recovered and re- 
possessed some part of .his patrimony and inheritance, with the 
adventure of his life, whereby also, as is well known, the attempts 
of the Scots and their procurers thither hath many ways been met, 
disappointed, and defeated ; whereof their unwonted and unwilling 
submission is a most perfect argument, wherein though your said 
subject hath done no more than his duty required, and performed 
less than anywhere in your Highness' service he gladly would, yet 
thinking that the patent of your Highness' Father remained still 
in force, your said subject endeavoured the more forcibly and 
earnestly the repossessing of Tyrone, as the place wherein, by the 
appointment and gift of your said father, your said subject's 
ancestors and posterity should dwell and inhabit, who most humbly 
beseecheth that it may please your Majesty, of your princely bounty, 
to grant, and confirm all and singular the contents of your said 
Father's letters patents unto your said|subject for term of his life ; 
the remainder to Hugh O'Neill, the eldest son of your suppliant, 
and the Lady Johan, his wife, and to the heirs males of the body of 
the said Hugh ; the remainder to Henry, another son of your said 
suppliant and the said lady, and to the heirs males of the body of 
the said Henry ; the remainder to the heirs males of the bodies of 
your said suppliant and the said lady ; the remainder to the heirs 
males of the body of your said suppliant ; the remainder to 
Cortnack O'Neill, brother to your said subject, and to the heirs 
males of his body ; the remainder to your said subject's right heirs 
for ever. And your said subject in like humble wise doth beseech 
your Majesty (if your Highness shall appoint or erect any President 
or Provincial Governor in the Province of Ulster), to exempt from 
the charge or government of any such, the whole country or territory 
of Tyrone, referring the same to the charge of your said subject and 
his heirs, to be directed and commanded immediately by your Majesty's 
General Governor of the realm, for the time being ; whereby the 
obedience and attendance due to your Highness shall no way be 
delayed, and many inconveniences avoided by provincial governors 
many times proffered, and your said subject, with all his, shall ever 
serve your Majesty, and also still pray for your most happy and 
prosperous continuance, p. 1. 

T 2 





[March.] 1 17. Note of the Earl of Tyrone's petitions that it would please her 
Majesty to grant unto him all such lands and livings as were granted 
to his grandfather. Abstract. 

March. 118. The confession of one David Cole of Bristow, who landed 
at Gal way in March 1586. David Cole of Bristol, servant to 
William Colston e of the same, merchant, having been, as he saith, 
prisoner long time in the gallies in Spain, being taken on the 
Straits in a ship of Bristol, and now escaped away, delivereth these 
advertisements following : Inprimis, that in December last, the 
King sent to Gibraltar (Juberalterr) a commandment that the 
soldiers which lay in his gallies there should repair presently to 
Lisbon (Lisbourne). In the said gallies were only left 30 soldiers 
in each galley, which had for the most part fourscore or a hundred 
soldiers in each of them. These and divers other soldiers imprested 
on the coasts, were all sent to Lisbon then. 

Secondly, he saith that forty sail of Flemings, which lay at 
Cadiz and thereabouts, hulks, and fly-boats of good burden, were all 
stayed and embargoed, and their sails, ordnance, and furniture laid 
on shore, of purpose to carry wines and other provisions and soldiers 
also to Lisbon, as soon as the season might permit them, which 
might be about the end of March, at what time also the gallies, as 
he " hearsays/' should come about to Lisbon. 

Thirdly, he saith about five weeks past, at his coming away, the 
King was to remove from Madrid (Madreylie) himself to Lisbon, 
and he heard it generally reported that all this preparation was for 
England, and that they would be in England before midsummer 
day. p. . 


April 2. 


April 3. 
April 7. 

1. Capt. Nicholas Merriman to Burghley for the loan of 20 marks 
till he shall be relieved from her Majesty, p. 1, 

2. Brief of payments forth of the Exchequer for Ireland causes. 
pp. 2. 

3. Plot by Sir Edward Waterhous, how Ulster may be governed 
by the Earl of Essex and the Earl of Tyrone, without danger to the 
Pale or increase of her Majesty's charges, pp. 3. 

Lord Deputy Perrot, Sir Henry Wallop, and Robert Gardener, 
to the Privy Council. Answer to the letter written for the inha- 
bitants of Kilkenny and Tipperary. Falsity of their allegations. 
Reasons against freeing the counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary 



from the composition for cess. The Lord of Upper Ossory's dutiful 
demeanour to the Crown. Entry Book Ireland, Folios, Vol. XII. 
p. 15. pp. 3. 

April 10. 4. Memorial for Sir Edward Waterhous, containing the effect of 
the letters written for the continuance of his office of the boats, 
from the Deputies of Ireland, the Lord Grey, Sir John Perrot, and 
others, p. 1. 

April 10. 5. Note of lands and leases sold by Sir Edward Waterhous, since 
his first service in Ireland : 

First, certain lands in Melton Mowbray, Thorp Arnold, 
and Burstall, in the county of Leicester, sold to Mr. Broxby 
for - - 600?. 

The lease of Hollingborne Parsonage, in Kent, sold to Mr. 
Christopher Hoddesdon for - - 1,360?. 

Two annuities out of the lands of Coleorton and Wymond- 
ham, bought by Nicholas Beamound and Morrice Barkley, 
esquires, for which each of them paid me 500?., in all - 1,000?. 

The lease of Tixover and Manton, in the county of Rut- 
land, sold to one Barnewall, of Tixover, for - 220?. 

The lease of Great Bradley, in the county of Suffolk, sold 
to Mr. Robert Peiton, of Islington, for the sum of - 200?. 

A lease of the Parsonage of Dunboyne, in Ireland, sold to 
Mr. Cosbye, now in the hands of Jaques Wingfelde - - 400?. 

The lease of Meelick, sold to Thomas Dillon for - - 225?. 

Total . - - 4,005?. 

[See No. 15.] p. 1. 

April 13. 6. A note of the requests of Richard Shee and others, agents of 
the county of Kilkenny, to the Lord Deputy and Council. The hum- 
ble petition of Richard Shee, Robert Rothe, Richard Strange, and 
Thomas Den, to the Right Honourable the Lord Deputy and Council, 
for and in the name of the lords, gentlemen, and freeholders of the 
county of Kilkenny. First, that it may please your honour to 
accept a composition of the said lords, gentlemen, and freeholders, 
for and toward Her Majesty's charges in this realm, according the 
tenor of the letters directed unto your lordship by the Lords of Her 
Majesty's Privy Council in England. 

Item. That it may please your honour to weigh the quantity 
and quality of the lands cessable in the said county, and that the 
charge (to be laid upon them), may be mitigated and qualified 
according their abilities, and the same charge to be levied as a 
county several and separate by itself, and not to be joined in charge 
with the English Pale, as the said letters purport 

Item. They also pray that, forasmuch as Upper Ossory, of 
ancient time was of right and is parcel of the said county, that the 
freeholders and inhabitants there may bear their portion of the said 
charges as parcel of the said county, according the tenor of the said 



Item. That it may please your honour to cause the said letters 
sent to your lordship from the Lords of H.M. Privy Council to be 
entered in the Council book as other like letters in former time have 
been. [Indorsed by the Earl of Ormond.] p. 1. 

April 14. 7. By the Lord Deputy. To our well-beloved the Justices of 
Dublin Castle. Peace in the county of Kilkenny. We greet you well. Whereas 
it hath been given out that Francis Lovell, now Sheriff of the 
county of Kilkenny, hath rather upon malice and evil will, and for 
his own private gain than upon any just cause, put to death by 
martial law, divers persons that are out of the compass of martial 
law, having both lands and goods whereby Her Majesty might 
have been entitled unto, and received their goods unto his own 
hands for his private gain, and as is said, he hath omitted the appre- 
hension of such as are notorious malefactors to the great disquiet 
of the country, forasmuch as we would certainly understand of the 
matter and of the causes laid against him, these are to will and 
require you, and also hereby to authorise you to inquire whether the 
said Lovell hath executed by martial law any malefactors since his 
last being in office, not worthy of death ; for what cause they were 
executed, what lands or goods they had, and how much the said 
sheriff received of their goods so executed, and whether they were 
executed rather upon evil will than upon any just cause. And 
further, that you inquire whether he hath omitted the apprehension 
of any malefactors that he might have apprehended, and whether 
he hath not executed his office in apprehending of thieves and 
malefactors justly and truly as he ought, and to make return unto 
us of your doings and proceedings therein by Monday the 24th of 
this month, under your hands, close sealed, that we may under- 
stand fully thereof, wherein we will you to be careful, and to deal 
justly, truly, and sincerely, as you will answer to the contrary. 

Given at Her Majesty's castle of Dublin, the 14th of April 
1587. [With a statement showing the manner in which the investi- 
gation was defeated, as follows.] 

This letter was delivered at Mr. Archer's house, the 20th of 
April, about nine of the clock, and the next day after, at nine of 
the clock, the sheriff appeared, with his book of the names of such 
as were executed by martial law, and at that time Henry Shee was 
made acquainted with that matter, who alleged that he could not 
bring in such as were able to inform the jury of such matters as 
were informed against the sheriff in so short time, the inquiry 
being appointed to be taken by virtue of this commission on 
Saturday then next following, being the 22nd day of April 1587. 
My Lord Deputy having appointed Henry Shethe to be with him 
at Dublin, the 24th of April, to know his pleasure and the 
Council's, touching the contents of the Lords of the Council's 
letters, and never made him privy to this commission, nor any of 
the Council, wherewith they were moved, for that he delivered a 
commission in the negative part to Lovell, who returned a pannel 
of his own friends and servants,