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Full text of "1948 Census of Business, Preliminary. Tex.-VT"

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WKAb? 



OF* BUSINESS 



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U! ..•TAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



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2348 



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♦ 

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3 



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TEXAS 



TEXAo 
counties 



nr 
3007 

,J'- 

\o 



1. 


Anderson 




2. 


Andrews 




3. 


Angelina 




/v. 


Aransas 




5. 


Archer 




6. 


Armstrong 




7. 


Atascosa 




8. 


Austin 




9. 


Bailey- 




10. 


Bandera 




11. 


Bastrop 




12. 


Baylor 




13, 


Bee 




U. 


Bell 




15. 


Bexar 




16. 


Blanc o 




17. 


Borden (no 


release) 


18. 


Bosque 




19. 


Bowie 




20. 


Brazoria 




21. 


Brazos 




22. 


Brewster 




23. 


Briscoe 




24. 


Brooks 




25. 


Brown 




26. 


Burleson 




27. 


Burnet 




2a. 


Caldwell 




29. 


Calhoun 




30. 


Callahan 




31. 


Cameron 




32. 


Camp 




33. 


Carson 




34. 


Cass 




35. 


Castro 




36. 


Chambers 




37. 


Cherokee 




3«. 


Childress 




39. 


Clay 




40. 


Cochran 


BUREAU OF THE 
LIBRARY 



CENSUS 



41. 


Coke 


42. 


Coleman 


43. 


Collin 


44. 


Collingsworth 


45. 


Colorado 


46. 


Comal 


47. 


Comanche 


48. 


Concho 


49. 


Cooke 


50. 


Coryell 


51. 


Cottle 


52. 


Crane 


53. 


Crockett 


54. 


Crosby 


55. 


Culbe r son 


56. 


Dallam 


57. 


Dallas 


58. 


Dawson 


59. 


Deaf Smith 


60. 


Delta 


61. 


Denton 


62. 


De Witt 


63. 


Dickens 


64. 


Dimmit 


65. 


Donley 


66. 


Duval 


67. 


Eastland 


68. 


Ector 


69. 


Edwards 


70. 


Ellis 


71. 


El Paso 


72. 


Erath 


73. 


Falls 


74. 


Fannin 


75. 


Fayette 


76. 


Fisher 


77. 


Floyd 


78. 


Foard 


79. 


Fort Bend 


, BO. 


Franklin 



TEXAS 



ont'd 



61, 


, Freestone 


82, 


, Frio 


$3, 


, Gaines 


si, 


, Galveston 


85. 


, Garza 


86, 


, Gillespie 


87. 


, Glasscock 


88, 


, Goliad 


89, 


, Gonzales 


90, 


, Gray 


91 < 


, Grayson 


92. 


. Gregg 


93, 


, Grimes 


94, 


, Guadalupe 


95, 


, Hale 


96, 


, Hall 


97, 


, Hamilton 


98, 


, Hansford 


99, 


, Hardeman 


100, 


Hardin 


101 . 


, Harris 


102, 


, Harrison 


103, 


, Hartley 


104, 


, Haskell 


105, 


. Hays 


106, 


Hemphill 


107, 


, Henderson 


108, 


, Hidalgo 


109, 


, Hill 


110, 


, Hockley 


111, 


, Hood 


112, 


, Hopkins 


111, 


, Houston 


1U, 


, Howard 


115, 


, Hudspeth 


116, 


, Hunt 


117, 


, Hutchinson 


118, 


, Irion 


119, 


, Jack 


120. 


, Jackson 



121 , 


, Jasper 




122, 


, Jeff Davis 




123, 


, Jefferson 




124, 


, Jim Hogg 




125. 


, Jim Wells 




126, 


Johnson 




127. 


Jones 




128, 


Karne s 




129, 


, Kaufman 




130, 


, Kendall 




131, 


, Kenedy (no 


release) 


132. 


, Kent 




133, 


, Kerr 




154, 


, Kimble 




135, 


, King 




136. 


Kinney 




137. 


, Kleberg 




138, 


, Knox 




139. 


, Lamar 




140, 


, Lamb 




141, 


, Lampasas 




142, 


, La Salle 




143, 


, Lavaca 




144. 


Lee 




145. 


, Leon 




146, 


, Liberty 




147 


Limestone 




148, 


, Lipscomb 




149. 


, Live Oak 




150, 


, Llano 




151. 


, Loving ( no 


release) 


152. 


Lubbock 




153, 


, Lynn 




154 


, McCulloch 




155. 


, McLennan 




156, 


, McMullen 




157. 


, Madison 




158, 


, Marion 




159, 


, Martin 




160, 


Mason 





TEXAS cont'd 



161 


, Matagorda 


162 


, Maverick 


163 


, Medina 


164 


, Menard 


165, 


, Midland 


166, 


, Milam 


16? 


, Mills 


16ft, 


, Mitchell 


169 


, Montague 


170 


, Montgomery 


171, 


, Moore 


172. 


, Morris 


173 


, Motley 


174, 


, Nacogdoches 


175. 


, Navarro 


176, 


, Newton 


177, 


, Nolan 


17ft, 


Nueces 


179. 


, Ochiltree 


180, 


. Oldham 


181 , 


, Orange 


182, 


, Palo Pinto 


183, 


, Panola 


18/,, 


, Parker 


185. 


, Parmer 


186, 


Pecos 


187, 


, Polk 


188 


, Potter 


189 


, Presidio 


190, 


, Rains 


191, 


> Randall 


192, 


, Reagan 


193, 


, Real 


1%, 


, Red River 


195 


, Reeves 


196, 


, Refugio 


197 


, Roberts 


198 


, Robertson 


199 


, Rockwall 


200 


, Runnels 



201 


, Rusk 


202 


Sabine 


203 


San Augustine 


20/, 


San Jacinto 


205 


, San Patricio 


206 


, San Saba 


207, 


, Schleicher 


208 


, Scurry 


209, 


, Shackelford 


210 


, Shelby 


211 , 


, She rman 


212, 


, Smith 


213, 


, Somervell 


214 


, Starr 


215 


► Stephens 


216, 


, Sterling 


217. 


, Stonewall 


218, 


, Sutton 


219, 


, Swisher 


220. 


, Tarrant 


221 , 


, Taylor 


222, 


, Terrell 


223, 


, Terry 


224. 


, Throckmorton 


225, 


, Titus 


226, 


, Tom Green 


227, 


, Travis 


228, 


, Trinity 


229 


, Tyler 


230, 


Upshur 


231 


Upton 


232, 


, Uvalde 


233, 


, Val Verde 


234, 


, Van Zandt 


235, 


, Victoria 


236, 


, Walker 


237, 


, Waller 


238, 


, Ward 


239, 


, Washington 


240, 


, Webb 



TEXAS cont'd 



241 . 


Wharton 


242. 


Wheeler 


243. 


Wichita 


244. 


Wilbarger 


245. 


Willacy 


246. 


Williamson 


247. 


Wilson 


248. 


Winkler 


249. 


Wise 


250. 


Wood 


251 . 


Yoakum 


252. 


Young 


253. 


Zapata 


254. 


Zavala 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release June 9, 1950 Release Series BC -IP- 42-000 



TEXAS 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Texas showed a substantial 
pansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary figures 
from +he 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, U, S. 
Department af Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the State during 1948 aggregated $6,486,000,000, an increase of 
260 percent over the $1,803,700,000 sales in 1939, when the preceding Census of Busi- 
ness was taken o Wholesale sales volume in the State showed a 295 percent rise over 
the same period, reaching a total of $8,054,900,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$2,041,000,000 in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business re- 
ported receipts totaling $388,200,000 in 1948 compared with $111,000,000 in 1939o 
Hotel receipts moved from $31,600,000 in 1939 to $77,000,000 in 1948. Amusement " 
businesses in the State recorded receipts of $84,400,000 in 1948 compared with 
^32,900,000 in 1939c 

I 

Employment in the State also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 

the trades covered by the Census of Business. Retail trade establishments reported 

345,834 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. Of these, 

293 (,560 worked the full week, and the remainder part of the week* The comparable 

total and full workweek figures for 1939 were 222,120 and 183,271. Wholesale trade 

establishments reported a total of 115,041 full- and part-week employees for the 

week of November 15, 1948, compared with 70,206 for the same week in 1939. For the 

selected service trades, November 15, 1948, paid employees numbered 69,722; the 

comparable figure for 1939, adjusted for change in scope between the two Censuses, 

was 45 9 191c 

These preliminary figures have been compiled from similar releases being made 
available for each county in Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data 
for Texas, will be included in a State Bulletin to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available in preliminary and final form for each of the 
States o 

A single copy of the preliminary release for the State of Texas as well as an 
order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the 
Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 

TEXAS 



1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total............ 

I UWvi. grOUp cce>«««c©co©«»»«A©«a»«o«©««e#© 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

PP o jP o*»©o©©»o©©e©©©©»©©*©©©©©© 

Fumiture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automotive group. . . . 

Gasoline service stations . ..... «, 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores......... „ 

WHOLESALE TRADE,, total. .•••••... ......... 

Merchant wholesalers, total..... ....... 

Groceries, confectionery, meats . 

Farm products, edible. . .............. 

i-OU'dCwU© ©OQ©©©©cca«oc©oo©oo©09e©o©©©o 

Furniture , home furnishings .......... 

Automotive supplies .................. 

Electrical merchandise. . ............. 

Hardware, plumbing, heatingo.. ..... .. 

Lumber, construction materials ....... 

Mach*y, equip* t, industrial supplies. 
All other merchant wholesalers....... 

Manufact*rs f sales branches, off ices.. . 
Petroleum bulk plants, terminals....... 

Agents, brokers (merchandise ).......... 

Assemblers of farm products . . . . ........ 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, total... . ..... .. 

i VS>JL yiUIlaX SviVlCvSo 000 4>00©00«0€)C'4)C'*lOO©00 
OU.©-LXleS>S» SCrVlCSS OQOOQ©OOOe©GO©OOOCiGO©e 

Automotive repairs and services. ...... 

Other repairs and services.... ......... 

ilviiliiiiiJe ©©©©©©©e©ooo©©o©ooo©©o®«oo©©©©©©©© 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS...... ........ ... 

■* j"j-J-Y ".""3 l*^©©©Q©Oi tJ O O ©OQQ O QCQQ©0©QP©©QOO©0© 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 



90, 090 

24,128 

17,023 
4,445 
3,833 
4,031 
5,830 

11,243 
5,576 
3,284 

10,697 

11,482 

6,250 

692 

607 

145 

93 

796 

240 

265 

248 

1,322 

1,842 

1,206 

2,063 

978 

985 

29,465 

17,006 
1,223 
6,062 
5,174 

1,470 

2,010 

•3*523- 



6,485,971 

1,433,067 
382,687 
901,730 
417,647 
336,757 

1,209,325 
348,563 
708,399 
219,433 
528,363 

8,054,864 

3,827,817 
525,096 

282,875 
111,112 
44,482 
154,504 
197,359 
218,699 
137,105 
574,039 
1,582,546 

1,937,704 
507,665 

1,172,493 
609,185 

388,219 

202,398 
40,621 
82,077 
63,123 



87,135 

24,091 

16,956 
3,599 
3,307 
3,659 
5,877 

11,563 
4,817 
3,237 

10,029 

8,311 

4,658 
573 
638 
108 
72 
630 
150 
138 
153 
775 

1,421 

65 

1,964 

979 

645 

30,483 

17,412 
1,139 
6,497 
5,435 




345,834 

45,270 
61,045 
68,954 
24,569 
20, 182 
38,392 
19,783 
26,757 
18,259 
22,623 

115,041 

73,138 

10,012 

9,146 

973 
1,248 
6,801 
3,814 
5,451 
4,003 
12,193 
19,497 

21,518 
5,880 
3,617 

10,888 

69,722 

49,001 
5,613 
8,512 
6,596 



293,560 

35,006 

53,103 
53,272 
20,417 
18,737 
36,762 
16,766 
24,483 
15,357 
19,657 



x 
x 

X 
X 



X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 
X 
X 

63,154 

44,439 
4,956 

7,867 
5,892 

16,727 
2,638 



the full workweek, 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-lP-i+2-001 



ANDERSON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Anderson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 194S aggregated $18.7 million, an increase of 
188 percent over the $6.5 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.2 million in 1948 as 
compared with $1.8 million in 1939- The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $1.1 million in 1948 compared with $0.5 million 
in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
1,279 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 
with a total of 1,037 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939' 

These preliminary figures have -been derived from a Census report on Anderson 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Palestine. Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Anderson County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Anderson County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 

Washington ^.fl,,? , .^CENSUS F BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



ANDERSON COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total. ......... ........... . 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

xrP_pdjrG J- QX '.J vijj oaoo»oco«oo»oooooo»ooe««e» 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber -building -hardware group. ........ 

Drug and proprietary stores ............ 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total.... ........... 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, §/ total. ......... 

Personal services 

All other service trades . . . 



• a c • o 



375 

l4o 

4l 

19 
12 
16 
27 
52 
20 

13 
35 
26 

17 

9 
93 
54 
39 



18,716 

5,733 
764 

1,932 
967 
960 

3,847 
894 

1,812 
61k 

1,193 
4,204 

2,716 
1,488 

1,131 
767 

364 



397 
149 
49 
14 
12 
14 
27 
56 
24 
11 
41 
21 
12 

9 
101 

56 
45 



966 

142 

131 
228 

46 

56 

120 

51 
76 
78 
38 
87 
73 
14 
226 
190 
56 



811 
117 
117 
157 
40 

55 
114 
40 
72 
67 
32 



x 

211 

182 

29 



x Not available, 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

ANDERSON COUNTY, TEX, 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




i 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Pull workweek 
employees 


Palestine : 












x\©"CclXJL "C2!*clCL© oooo©o«»oo»©o©o 


222 


1^,721 


238 


8U9 


721 


Selected service trades . ..<, 


70 


1,019 


77 


213 


201 


Remainder of county: 












I\&~C3#jL_L UI*cICl€ oo»**ooooeo«oeo 


153 


3,995 


159 


117 


90 


Selected service trades . • » • 


23 


112 


2k 


13 


10 

1 



TJ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census/of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 






GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" i., the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



•» 



1S48 cehsus Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release April 27, 1950 



Release Series BC-lP-li2-002 



ANDREWS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Andrews County, Texas, shoved a 

substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 19U8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U„ S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 19^-8 aggregated $2.9 million, an increase of 867 
percent over the $0.3 million in 1939, ^©n the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$170,000 in 19^8 compared with $17,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 for 
the above trades- Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 138 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. This compared with a total 
of 32 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Andrews County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Andrews County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Andrews County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CEHSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ANDREWS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total.. 



OOO •00009QO0090 



Food group ...... 

Eating and drinking places . . . 
Gasoline service stations.. 
All other retail stores . . 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOQOOOOOvJw 

oo«oooooo 

ooooooooo*oo 

o«ooou«ooooo»oo* 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES^' 



£/ 



1*2 

8 
6 

8 
20 

Ik 



2,925 

1,023 

190 

172 

1,5^0 

170 



*3 

Q 

6 

11 
17 

Ik 



ilk 

32 

18 
10 

5> 

2k 



85 

1* 

17 

9 

*5 

2k 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than" the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



9 Off 6 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses, were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



T948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

iURE AU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-003 



ANGELINA COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments locatea in Angelina County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1943 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated #25 =3 million, an increase of 289 
percent over the $6«5 million in 1939? '-/hen the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of .^22 „0 million in 1948 as compared with 
■12 oh million in 1939o The service trades incluaea in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1„2 million in 1948 compared with $0.3 million in 1939» 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 &nd 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1^,605 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1943. This compared with a 
total of 994 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 • 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Angelina County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Lufkin Final figures, superseoing the 
preliminary data for Angelina County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several month s c Similar data will be made available this year in 
preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States,, A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Angelina County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C. 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ANGELINA COUNTY, TEX a 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov, 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



O O o o 



OO0000O04 



O O O 



RETAIL TRADE, total, 00 

f vUU. ^rOLiJJo ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places OB <> » » » oc 
General merchandise grp 5 general stores 

ripjvJcix GJl £^rOLijJo oooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

AUTiOniO LlVe gl'OUPo oooooooooooooooosooos 

Gasoline service stations,, o o « o » <> . <> » »» 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores,, 

All other retail stores 
WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers,, . 

Other types of wholesale,, „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ . „ , « „ 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, £J total 

Personal services 

All other service trades 
TOURIST COURTS a.JD C^iPS 



OOOOOOOO 

ooooooooo 



O O © o 



o o o e o 



o o o o o 



oooooooooo 



o o o o o 

ooooooooo 

ooooooooo 



oooooooooo 

oooooooooooooo 
oooooooeooo*"" Hi 



385 

145 

h 

23 
27 

tt 

12 
31 
26 
17 
9 

56 
6 



379 
147 

% 

15 
20 
29 
42 
18 

14 

29 

15 

9 

6 

109 

56 

53 

6 



1,065 
139 
162 

86 
183 



54 

69 

x 

X 

X 

226 
L68 

58 



x Not available, 

1/ Includes employees paid for less tiian the full 
2/ See General Description on last page for change 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



workweeko 
s from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

ANGELINA COUNTY, T£X« 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Pull workweek 
employees 


Lufkin: 

rt6 UcLj — L X»J/ctClC OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

Whole sale trade „ „ „ <> o <> „ „ , 
Selected service trades,, 00 o 

Remainder of county: 

Selected service trades , J4 


250 
26 
89 

135 
25 


21,649 

22,014 

1,129 

3,647 
109 


243 
15 
86 

136 
23 


1,069 
156 
232 

130 
18 


955 

X 

212 

110 
14 



x Not available o 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are yreliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 19 39 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

1UREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-004 



ARANSAS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail^, wholesale , and service establishments located in Aransas County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census ? U Q S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $2<>5 million, an increase of 257 
percent over the $0 o 7 million in 1939 3 when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1 2 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0o3 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $103,000 in 1948 compared with $36,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 250 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 8 This compared with a ~jtaZ. 
of 173 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939s 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Aransas County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the part of Aransas Pass located in Aransas County e 
Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Aransas County, will be zjicluded in 
a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will be 
made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
States e A single copy of the preliminary release for Aransas County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25 g D C 

Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ARANSAS COUNTY o TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


iVl-i X t\j- i-J X LX.ri.USli • LCI dX ooooooooooooooooooooo 
r OOQ gj/OUp ooooeooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places ooooooooooo 
Gasoline service stations o » o <> o <, » oo <> 
All other retail stores,, „ 0o o 00 <> <. o <, <, 

ri riUXjljO M. J-a_i Xit/VL/Ijo ooooooooooooooooooooeooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES—^ •ooooooooooooo* 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 


76 

16 
18 
10 

32 

13 
10 

28 


2,499 

895 

263 

249 

1,092 

1,199 

103 

169 


76 

16 

20 

8 

32 

13 
12 

30 


114 

17 

37 
15 
45 

119 

17 

20 


96 

15 
36 

X 

16 



x Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

ARANSAS COUNTY, TEX D 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
u' incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 1 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Aransas Pass (part)s 

il6 ualJL w± 3.Q6 ooooeooooeoQooo 

Remainder of county % 

n.CIsaXl l^J/cLCie ooooooooooooooo 


8 
68 


110 


8 
68 


8 
.106 


5 
91 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
business information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups — personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters. 1 Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 
ices. _ 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, theae exclusions a* 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of S5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and 1500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of 3eparate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers end paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 cersus of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- ^2-005 



A."iC"ER COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Archer County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1943 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U.S. Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3«1 million, an increase of 138 
percent over the $1.3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.0 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.4 million in 1939» The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $192,000 in 1948 compared with $51,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 140 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 168 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Archer County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Archer County, will be in- 
cluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Archer County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25, D.C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ARCHER COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 

dollars ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total ..................... 

" OOCJ g i OUp co*0O0*oooo«6eo«oeo0«oooo«9* 

Eating and drinking places............ 

All other retail stores ............... 

WHOLESALE TRADE. ........................ 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. 

All other service trades. ............. 


78 

19 

6 

22 

31 

8 

23 
12 

11 


3,056 

1,063 
115 
326 

1,552 

1,032 

192 

53 

139 


81 

22 

6 

25 

28 

9 

26 
13 
13 


111 

30 

24 

5 

52 

10 

19 

12 

7 


98 

24 

22 

5 

47 

X 

16 

10 

6 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



c 
c 
L 
S 
5 
2 
x 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establ ishnent definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

Number of establishments' is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors . — "Active proprietors 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release April 27, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-006 



ARMSTRONG COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Armstrong County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $1.2 million, an increase of 140 
percent over the $0.5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $2.7 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.3 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $63,000 in 1948 compared with $26,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 71 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 60 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939<> 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Armstrong 
County, Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Armstrong County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Armstrong 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to 
the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D C„ 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ARMSTRONG COUNTY, TEX* 



Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total...................... 

" vj UU glU ^x ooo«oooooooo«ooooeooo»ooooooo 

Gasoline service stations.,,..,,;,,.,,, 
All other retail stores,,,,,,,,,..,.,,, 

WHOLESALE TRADE. ......................... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, <~/total .......... 

Personal services. . „ . . ................ . 

All other service trades............... 


35 
6 
8 

21 

8 

12 
7 
5 


1,193 
236 
288 
669 

2,698 

63 
27 
36 


32 

7 

7 

18 

8 

11 

7 
4 


51 

5 

11 

35 

12 

8 
3 
5 


48 

5 

11 

32 

X 

6 
2 

4 


x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than ' 

_:/ See General Description on last page' fc 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 


the full 
>r change 


workweek. 
?s from the 


1939 Cer 


isus of Bi 


isiness 



i 



\ 

c 

c 

c 

L 

6 

5 

2 

x 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series .>i releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
Etdditional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient n'imber of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, '935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the foi lowing trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classi ication of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties these exclusions as well as other 
changes in Uis standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, pai licularly with 
respect t<- establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Censiis of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. -—"1948 sales and 
receipts'' represents salts of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. Ths figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances bui not 'or ;.ide-in allow- 
ances; the/ exclude sal 22 and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees,.-'' represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of *.he reporting estab- 
lishment. 



7948 CfHSUS OF BLJSIF7ESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS £ 

S 



For Release April 27, 1950 Release Series BC -IP- 42-007 

ATASCOSA COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Atascosa County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
, to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U, S. Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $9.2 million, an increase of 
300 percent over the $2.3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $2.5 million in 1948 as compared 
with $0.4 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $301,000 in 1948 compared with $69,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9~year period between 1939 and 1948 for 

the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 492 paid 

employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 

of 316 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Atascosa County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Atascosa County, will be 

"included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months . Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Atascosa County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 

p£ the Census, Washington 25, D, C. ' *• 



c 
c 

X 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ATASCOSA COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars ) 



Active 
proprie^ 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 



ooooooooooooooooooeo 



0090000000000000000000000000 

ooooooooooo 



Food group 

Eating and drinking places. 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

All I? OHIO "Dl VS ^TOT-ip© ooo«c©ocoo©ooo©ooo»oa 

Gasoline service stations a,,,,,,,.,,,, 
Lumber=building~hardware group. „ . . . <> . . 
Drug and proprietary stores . ....co... 
All other retail stores,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



©OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,%/t ot al.,,. .. 



rGJ/SOricLL SSIvJ-CcS ooooooooooooooooooooo 

All other service trades o,.,..,,,..,,. 



216 

53 
45 
14 
8 
16 

31 
21 

9 
19 

12 

48 

23 
25 



9,193 

2,158 
655 

1,384 
155 

1,649 
644 

1,805 
252 
491 

2,515 

301 

131 

170 



209 

54 
46 
15 
6 
16 
29 
15 
10 
18 

8 
49 

23 

26 



422 

62 
80 
58 
9 
91 
30 
63 
15 
14 

33 

37 

22 
15 



379 

52 

71 

51 

6 

90 
26 
56 
15 
12 



34 

21 
13 



Not available, 
i/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 
2/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Eusiness Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
h ladcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
>nal, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS g 



s 



For Release May 8, 1950 Release Series BC -IP -42 -008 

AUSTIN COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Austin County, Texas, 
' showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 194-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, Uo S. Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated -$10.6 million, an increase of 279 
percent over the $2.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3»7 million in 194-8 as compared with 
$0.6 million in 1939.. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $250,000 in 1948 compared with $100,000 in 1939» 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 

the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 611 paid 

employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 

of 433 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 • 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Austin County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Austin County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Austin County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C. c 

<: 



ic 

1 
6 
5 
2 
x 



t'fiU 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

AUSTIN COUNTY, TEX 












Active 


Paid emp 


Loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek 


ended 


Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov, 


15, 1948 












lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


XtiljlxiXJj llljtt_U.LE a TlOTlClJ_o ooooooooooooooooooooo 


253 


10,602 


252 


506 


335 


r OOQ ^T'0"Qp OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


54 


2,334 


50 


76 


50 


Eating and drinking places 000 oooo ooooo 


51 


72^ 


49 


90 


64 


General merchandise grp 3 general stores 


25 


1,919 


23 


32 


57 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 


6 


157 


6 


6 


5 


xLUL uOrjlOX-l V v5 £li OLip • OOeO90O8©»OO©0O0G0OOC» 


22 


1,553 


25 


72 


65 


Gasoline service stations oa0 oo 00 <,oooooc 


33 


633 


36 


35 


23 


Lumber-building-hardi-/are group 6 


22 


1*474 


22 


48 


43 


Drug and proprietary stores 




225 


5 


16 


12 


All other retail storeSoooo».<.o. c »ooo.. 


40 


1,523 


36 


31 


66 


. J±i U.L-J. -0.ti.ij-i— 1 1 LXl_^/j_J O 9000000090000000000000COO 


15 


3,734 


14 


63 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, &t o tal. , . . . . .. . o 


50 


250 


51 


42 


27 


JTCJT SOXlClJL SSrVlCSS ooooooooooeooooooooooo 


29 


129 


29 


29 


17 


All other service trades » „ c . o c „ » „ ■ <> 


21 


121 


22 


13 


10 


Al iUO — 1 illlM J-Oooooooooooooooooooooooooooocoeo 


5 


66 


4 


3 


X 



x Not available, 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek*. 

2/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades <, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Eusiness Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-009 



BAILEY COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Bailey County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $6.7 million, an increase of 
415 percent over the $1.3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $9.3 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $0.9 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $265,000 in 1948 compared with $54,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
382 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 
with a total of 167 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bailey County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Bailey County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Bailey County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

BAILEY COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group , 

Eating and drinking places.... 
Gasoline service stations...., 
All other retail stores..,..., 

WHOLESALE TRADE 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, i=/total, 

Personal services , 

All other service trades 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



SB 

23 

8 

13 
44 

20 

38 
18 
20 



1948 salss 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



6,729 

1,492 

202 

425 

4,610 

9,324 

265 
151 

114 



Active 
propriet- 
ors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



90 

22 

8 

H 

46 

16 

41 
17 
24 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



284 
60 
40 
12 

172 

62 

36 
26 
10 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



233 

46 
34 

10 
143 



33 

24 

9 



c 

<. 

K 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



^" 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the| 
number of hours typically worked in e 
week by employees of the reporting estab 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 1*2-010 



BAMDERA COUUTY, TEX. 
Retail and service establi seated in Bandera County, Texas, shoved a 

substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19*1-8 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the l$kQ Census - Lness released today "by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. So Departmi :" :e. 

Retail sales in t] ..'"•' •■aggregated $2.8 million, an increase of 

367 percent over the $0.6 e preceding Census of Business 

taken. The service trades incluc is of Business recorded receipts total- 

ing $79,000 in 19^8 compared with $18,000 in 1939, 

Employment in the co also rose over the 9~year period between 1939 and 19^8 

for the above trades E these trades reported a combined total of ihf 

paid employees for the workweek ex sare " T vembez 15, 19^8- This compared with a 

bal of 56 employees report* sek of November 15, 1939° 

■ese preliminary Figuz ned from a Census report on Bandera 

nty, Texas. Final e-3, 3 ,; the preliminary data for Bandera County, 

will be included in a Bulletin for * t< I re - be issued in several months. 

Similar data will be made 9 year in preliminary ani final form for each 

of the counties and States. A single co] he preliminary release for Eandera 

mty as well as an crier blank for area releases may be obtained by writing 

to the Bureau of the Census, Wa bj 25, D. C= 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total , 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE., total ...................... 

JP OOO. £j3TQ L*P ooooo»oooeiooooooooo »ooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places .....o. ...... 

toline service stations .............. 

Al 1 other retail, s teres ................ 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, » total. ........ . 

i 6x3 OXl&_L SC3TVT.OCS ooooo©*«ti©ooooco 00000 J 

All other service trades ............... 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMFS. ............... . 


1 O 
19 

9 

7 
6 

c 




2,826 

967 

520 
128 

3^ 
^5 

32 


8l 

20 
2h 

11 

26 

10 
6 
k 

8 


139 

23 

67 

7 

L 2 

8 
6 
2 

1 


133 
20 

a 

7 

te 

8 
6 

2 



I/* Includes employees paid kveekc 

2/ See General Descrij. for chani "• bhe 1939 Census of Busi] 

in the coverage of Service Trade 



: 
c 
c 
L 
S 
5 
2 
x 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses, were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-011 



BASTROP COUiJTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Bastrop County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated ij>9.8 million, an increase of 238 
percent over the $2.9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3.6 million in 1948 as compared with 
■iJOoO million in 1939 » The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $484,000 in 1948 compared with $102,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 ^nd 1948 
for the above trade s« Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 680 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948„ This compared with a 
total of 455 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bastrop County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Smithville. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Bastrop County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Bastrop County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C. 

Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

BASTROP COUNTY, TEX, 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE , total 00.000.00.000...000000 

r OOQ g rOUp 00000000000.00000..0000.00000 

Eating and drinking places. . .. . . .. « o. . „ 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 
Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp e 
Automotive group,, o.o.cooo. ...... ...... 

Gasoline service stations. ........... . 

Lumber-building-hardware group. ....... 

All othe r retail store So.............. 

WHOLESALE TliADE. O00oo0..ooooooo.ooooo,,oo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/to t al. .... . .. . 

X ^s L oOIlc*._L OvI VlLcbo oooooooooooo*ooo*ooo 

All other service trades. ............ . 


272 

74 
56 
28 
11 
21 
28 
14 
40 
19 
65 
42 
23 


9,832 

3,152 

550 

941 

328 

1,589 

728 

919 

1,625 

3,599 

484 

264 

. 220 


252 
71 
50 
20 
11 
21 
30 
13 
36 
17 
64 
41 
23 


539 
146 
113 
78 
15 
67 
44 
30 
46 
45 
96 
74 
22 


407 
89 
88 
56 
11 
64 
36 
30 

33 
x 

83 
63 
20 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Busi:. 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



^ 

c 

c 

c 

L 

6 

5 

2 

x 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BASTROF COUNTY, TiX 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
u< incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Smith ville : 












ltGX»a.l_L wJ/dCLc oooo oooooooooo 


73 


3,030 


69 


198 


161 


Selected service trades oo 


23 


167 


22 


35 


29 


Remainder of county; 












itcwcl] — L ui oUv oooooooooooooo 


199 


6,802 


183 


341 


246 


Selected service trades 000 


42 


317 


42 


61 


54 



l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full .rorkweeko 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
business information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups— personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters.' Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 
ices. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers end paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. —"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 CEHSUS OF BUSINESS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 4, 1950 



Release Series Be -IP- 42-012 



BAYLOR COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Baylor County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trad*? from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, Uo S. Department of Commerce- 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5° 9 million, an increase of 195 
percent over the $2.0 million in 1939* "when the preceding Census of Business vas taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.5 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $562,000 in 1948 compared with $79,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 &£<* 19^8 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 420 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. This compared with a 
total of 26l employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 • 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Baylor County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Seymour „ Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Baylor County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Baylor County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 
D. Co 

Table t.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

BAILOR COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


KiilAXLi TKAJDIlj, tOtax ooooooooooo°oooooooooo 
jt* uuu groiup .0.0000000000.00000000000.000 
Eating and drinking places .0.0.00.0.00. 

Gasoline service stations ...oo.oooo.ooo 

xvl-J.. OXaICl Jr 6T7&X.JL Sl»OJ7€S8 «ooooooo*ooooooo 

WHOLfJjlOALfey IKAJJiil O O C O o 1-00000000000000000000 

2/ 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ' ................ 


110 

26 

9 
28 

47 
19 

^5 

1 i.i 


5,938 

1,208 

204 

612 

3,91^ 

4,440 
562 


121 
28 
11 
32 
50 

18 
53 


285 
25 

je 

28 

19^ 

71 
64 


>43 

17 

37 

25 

164 

X 

57 



x Not available. 

■o i -^T^des employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



- 
c 

c 

c 
L 

s 

5 
2 
x 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BAILOR COUTOTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total -. 
employees^ 



Full workweek 
employees 



Seymours 

Remainder of county: 



9h 
16 



5,755 



183 



105 



16 



280 



239 



k 



Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek* 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935. and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of busihess 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DWARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



E 

s 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-013 



BEE COUNTY, TEX. 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Bee County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $13.4 million, an increase of 185 
percent over the $4.7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken,, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $10© 5 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2.2 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $605,000 in 1948 compared with $173,000 in 1939 • 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades © Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 981 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 1$, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 685 employees reported for the week of November 15, 193 9 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bee County, 

Texas, which also includes data for the city of Beeville. Final figures, superseding 

ihe preliminary data for Bee County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 

'exas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 

preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
ihe preliminary release for Bee County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
ly be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D s C© 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



BEE COUNTY, TEXo 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



...... 



.....W.O..O. 



. o • . e © . 



© . . © . © o 



.90.00 



00.......0 



RETAIL TRADE, total.. 
Food group ......... 

Eating and drinking places. 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

PP "^ grOUp. «..so«o.eooe*.09««o..o.. 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group. ........... 

Gasoline service stations.... 

Lumber-building-hardware group© . . . 

Drug and proprietary stores, 

All other retail stores...., 
WHOLESALE TRADE, total.... 

Merchant wholesalers. 

Other types of wholesale.. 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total, 

Personal services....... 

All other service trades 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 
x 

2/ 



251 

78 

55 

12 

8 

7 
12 

9 



cee*o«e« 



« a a « o 



» c • * 



« o 4 « 



• Cti«C9*««> 



© « • • • 



• • « o c 



w *) ® C O 



v . o .' 



•e*«occooo 



3 

23 
12 
11 
74 
44 
30 
6 



13,411 

1,065 

1,563 
679 
515 

2,284 
582 

1,992 

l.Jsl 

10,534 
3,979 

342 

263 
22 



249 

• 78 

56 

11 

10 

1* 

li 

2l 

15 
8 



7 

47 

32 



660 
72 

155 
83 
29 

26 

x 

X 

76 
43 

1 



Not available. 

Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



V 

C 
C 

c 
L 
6 
5 
2 
x 



4 IZ8* 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BEE COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri-j Paid employees, workweek 
etors of j ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 

un i ncorp era t ed j 1 

businesses Total _ ' Full workweek 



Nov. 1348 



employees" 



employ set 



Beeville : 

Retail trade 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades.... 

Remainder of county: 

Retail trade 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades.... 



180 
10 
60 



71 
13 

14 



11,776 

2,484 

457 



1,635 

8,050 

148 



177 

9 

64 



72 

6 

15 



673 

44 

101 



87 
43 
33 



593 

x 

88 



67 

x 

31 



x Not available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades . 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expectei to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The fi-jai Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under tae provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1339. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
toorist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
Kowever, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a n amber of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may feavt a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1S39 data, particular?.? 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purpose?, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments ia other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cenans of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business con^anios or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 3ales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for retnrned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, .ire those who in the November 16 pay period vers 
paid for wording at least the number of hours typically worked 
it a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



KJri 



. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

•UREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release Hay i p 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-014 



£ 



Retail^ wholesale and servie* establishments located In Bell County, Texas, showed a substantial 
expansion in dollar volume of trade from I939 to 1?48 according to preliminary figures from the 1948 



Census of Business released today by the Bureau <of the Census. 



So Department of Commeroeo 



Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $44 o million, an increase of 331 percent over 
the $10 o 2 million in 1939; when the preceding Census of Business was taken Wholesale sales in the 
eounty reaehed a total of $19<>9 million in 1948 as compared with $4<>5 million in 1939o The service 
trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling $2o4 million in 1948 compared 
with $0 o 6 million in 1939» 

Employment in the County also roil over the 9=>year period between 1939 and I948 for the above 
trad* So Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 3 S 032 paid employees for the 
workweek ended nearest November 15, I9480 This compared with a total of I0629 employees reported 
for the week of November 15, 1939<> 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bell County, Texas, which 
also includes data for the cities of Belton and Templeo Pinal figures, superseding the preliminary 
data for Bell County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several 
monthso Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and Stateso A single copy of the preliminary release for Bell County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 
25, Do Co 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

BELL COUHTY, TEXo 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 


Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Not. 1948 




employees 


Food group 000. » . 00. ...... 000. 000000 


716 
177 


44,010 
10,65b 


702 

177 


2,273 
369 


246 


Eating and drinking pl&eeio,.o...,,... ,,.. 


149 


2,512 


145 


461 


350 


General merchandise group, general storesooooo 


23 


3,877 


16 


315 


249 


Apparol groupo <>. <> » ..... .. ...,.,....,,,.<> 00 


40 


3p<>52 


41 


167 


141 


Furniture~home furnishings=appliancei- groupooo 


33 


2,320 


30 


93 


84 


automotive groupo . » . „ . . » . » . . .. . , „ 


56 


8,879 


59 


259 


247 


Gatoline service statlonsoo....,).....,.... JO 


99 


2,812 


97 


157 


144 


Lumber°building«hardware groupo 00 


44 


5,673 


36 


208 


195 


Drug and proprietary stores.. «o».c 


24 


1,644 


28 


15* 


123 


All other retail storis „o„, „,, 


71 


2,585 


71 


152 


136 


WHOLESALE TRADE, totiL,.,.,.,,.,,.,,.....,..... 


62 


19,932 


58 


355 


X 


Merchant who 1 e sal er s, „ . „ » 00 


31 


8,517 


27 


218 


X 


Petroleum bulk plants, terminals., ................ . 


16 


3,121 


17 


41 


X 


Other types of wholesale,, ,. 


15 


8,294 


14 


96 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ol/totalo „ . . „ . ... 


225 


2,376 


228 


404 


376 


Personal $irvle»i..i......o«............-...,... U i 


122 


1,406 


123 


305 


280 


Business servieeseooooooooooooo. .000.000000000 


6 


87 


6 


15 


14 


Automotive repairs and servieesooo ooeo 


51 


517 


51 


60 


60 


Other repair servieesoooo 0000 . . 000 00 00 


46 


366 


48 


24 


22 


TOURIST COURTS AND CIHPS,,..,,,,,,^..,.....,... 


21 


146 


20 


22 


20 


AMU Ei MIL Pfldoooooooooooo 000000000000000000000 0000 


3* 


751 


22 


142 


X 



X 

1/ Includes employees paid for less th 
2/ Seo General Description on last pag 
of Service Trades. 



an the full workweeko 

e for ohanges from the 1939 Census of Business in the ooverag 



C 
c 
L 
S 
5 
2 
x 



- 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BELL COUNTY » TEXo 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




i 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Bait em 












Retail trad»o ooooooooooooooooooo 


103 


4 P 577 


108 


242 


184 


S«l®st®d service tradese o<> <, o o o<, ° 


38 


322 


38 


54 


50 


Tenpins 












Retail trad® o o o o o o o o o o o o . . . o o o o o 


366 


29*966 


348 


1.551 


1*344 


Whclssale tradtttoa^o.fM.oo 


45 


13*705 


44 


252 


X 


Selected service trad«s * c » o o o <> o 


115 


1*576 


120 


268 


252 


Tourist courts and eampso o o o oooo 


11 


99 


10 


16 


14 


Rsmainder of eountys^/ 












R ®t a i 3. t Zf a d®000000000000000000 »*o 


247 


9*467 


246 


480 


387 


Whol®8al« tradto o o o o c o <, o o » o o o o o o 


17 


6,223 


14 


103 


z 


S®l®@t®d s»rvi®® tridsso » » o » 


72 


478 


70 


82 


74 



x Ifot avafHabl® 

1/ Se® General Descriptism on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in the ooverage 

of S®rvi©« Tradeso 
2/ Includes ®mpl®yees paid for lass than the full workweeko 
J/ Includes figures for establishmentsp other than wholesal® 9 not located in cities of 2 9 500 

inhabitants ®r nercg and wholesale establishments not located in cities of 5*000 inhabitants or 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



4*11 + 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 Release Series BC-1P-42-015 



BEXAR COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Bexar County, Texas, 
showprl a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-8 according to 
preliminary figures from the 194-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U. S„ Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated ^388 „4- million, an increase of 
252 percent over the $110,3 million sales in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business 
was taken,, Wholesale sales volume in the county showed a 290 percent rise over the 
same period, reaching a total of $4.85 8 million in 194-8 as compared with $124-. 7 million 
in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business reported receipts 
totaling $25 ol million in 194-8 compared with $9°1 million in 1939. Hotel receipts 
moved from $3 06 million in 1939 to $11 e l million in 194-8 Amusement businesses in the 
county recorded receipts of $5 08 million in 194-8 « No comparable figure for 1939 is 
available „ 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 194-8 
for the trades covered by the Census of Business,, Retail trade establishments reported 
24-, 637 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 194-8 » Of these, 
21,157 worked the full week, and the remainder part of the week The comparable total 
and full workweek figures for 1939 were 16,631 and 14, 525 Wholesale trade establish- 
ments reported a total of 9,503 full- and part-week employees for the week of 
November 15, 194-8, compared with 5,928 for the same week in 1939« For the selected 
service trades, November 15, 194-8, paid employees numbered 5,4-85; the comparable figure 
for 1939, adjusted for change in scope between the two Censuses, was 4-,268 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bexar County, 
Texas The report also contains data for the cities of Alamo Heights and San Antonio 

Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Bexar County, will be included 
in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will 
be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
States o A single copy of the preliminary release for Bexar County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, v 

Washington 25, D„ C. 

c 

* / d i S \ 

5 
2 
x 



Page 2 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR !918, BY TRADE GROUP 

BEXAR COUNTY, TEX„ 









Active 


Paid employees, 


. .-r 




1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek 


. ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


16, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


es tab — 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars ) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


-H-i^ixi, J_JL LjXJ&AJSIsq wOwdX oooooooooooooooooooooo 


5,004 


388,431 


4,747 


24,637 


21,157 


P OOQ gA'OUp OOOOOO OQOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


1,5a 


87,515 


1,511 


3,370 


2,567 


Eating and drinking places o 0000 oooooooo 


1*305 


28,434 


1,299 


4,866 


4,212 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


111 


63,648 


75 


5,045 


4,232 


J*PpoX^6j- gi OU.^) oooooooooooooooooooo OOOOOO 


220 


34 , 197 


166 


2,549 


2,167 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


164 


20,772 


146 


1,424 


1,369 


*i.U. wOXIlO UcX V© KI^OLtp ooooooooooooooooooooooo 


231 


62,698 


209 


2,061 


1,950 


Gasoline service stations oooooooooooooo 


4-27 


16,552 


422 


1,171 


990 


Lumber -building-hardwar e group o o <= o <, ° ° » 


200 


28,781 


193 


1,148 


1,080 


Drug and proprietary stor es ooooooooooo 


175 


13,422 


129 


1,336 


1,080 


iij...x oxifier re waxx. s wor es oooooooooooooooo 


630 


32,412 


597 


1,667 


1,510 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total ooooooooooooooooooo 


696 


485,819 


542 


9,503 


X 


Merchant wholesalers, total 00 ooo 000 o <> o 


520 


280,231 


434 


7,522 


X 


Lli OC©-I/ JL©S © X OOQ.S oooooooooooooooooooo o 


116 


80,547 


143 


1,639 


X 


Dry goods, apparelooo oooooooooooooooo 


26 


9,260 


25 


329 


X 


Hardware,, elec s l, plum'g and heat 8 g»<> 


46 


44,008 


24 


926 


X 


Mach°y, equip "t, industrial supplies eo 


103 


36,519 


77 


1,009 


X 


Automotive parts, accessoriesooooo «o o 


56 


11,268 


40 


618 


X 


All other merchant whole salersooooooo 


173 


98,629 


125 


3,001 


X 


Manufact'rs 9 sales branches, offices oo 


77 


84,760 


9 


1,383 


X 


Petroleum bulk plants, terminals QO oc o o o 


19 


16,577 


21 


259 


X 


Agents, brokers (merchandise) oooooooooo 


68 


97,893 


69 


210 


X 


Assemblers of farm products oooooooooooo 


12 


6,358 


9 


129 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,.2/t otal„ oooooo o 00 


J,, /4x 


25,106 


1,743 


5,485 


5,048 


A GX^SOXl3.J_ S8rvlC6w oooooooooooooooooooooo 


983 


13,548 


983 


3,866 


3,547 


IjlIq H16S& S6a VlCoS OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


99 


3,070 


102 


479 


448 


Automotive repairs and seryiceSooooo 0OO 


365 


5,767 


356 


814 


763 


UX»Xl0^ y^JpcLXX* SdO/VXCSS ooodbo'000000000000 


294 


2,721 


302 


326 


290 


llvl XLiJjO ooooooooooooo o-o oooooooooooooooooooo 


83 


11,146 


67 


2,812 


2,747 


TOURIST COURTS AND CAlfS,.„»„o.,.o.o.»»o. 


115 


1,531 


105 


224 


195 


Ji-llUoJ-il LHiiM XOooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


87 


5,777 


65 


844- 


X 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades 



$i3ri 



Page 3 
Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BEXAR COUNTY, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total , 

employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



OOCCOIOGODF* 



Alamo Heights; 
Retail trade. 
Wholesale trade . <, ■ e ■ . « a » . 
Selected service trades c <, 3 
Tourist courts and camps, cc 

San Antonio s 

Wholesale trade, 
Selected service trades 
Hotels . . r , 
Tourist courts and camps , 

3/ 

Remainder of county: 

Retail trade. 
Wholesale trade. 
Selected service trades , . . 
Tourist courts and camps , ,, 



44 4,144 39 326 

Included with "Remainder of county" 

22 | 399 | 22 I 101 

Included with "Remainder of County" 



OOOOO0GOOC 


©•*oo«ooco©efi 

C J 



5 6 Z i •: i.' I 



s a e « 

C O 9 3 



4,613 

682 

1,679 

83 

81 



347 
14 
40 
34 



373,712 

481,570 

24,310 

11,146 

1,315 



10,575 

4,249 

397 

216 



4,364 
525 

1,676 
67 
72 



344 
17 
45 
33 



23,825 

9,363 

5,319 

2,812 

191 



486 

140 

65 

33 



267 
94 



20,502 

x 

4,890 

2,747 

176 



388 

x 

64 

19 



x Not available, 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 

2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ Except as indicated above, includes figures for establishments, other than whole- 
sale, not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establish- 
ments not located in cities of 5,000 inhabitants or more. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1983, 
1936. and 1939. 

Scope of the Centum. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, acconnting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1989 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Ett *bl i thment def in it ion. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognisable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $6, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments is other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multinnit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Selee mnd receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for retimed 
goods and allowances, bnt not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietor*. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1148. "Fill workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 fay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typ.cnllv worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



r 
I 

C 

c 

IC 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

•UAEAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-016 



BLANCO COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Blanco County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-2 according to 
preliminary figures from the 194$ Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, Uo S. Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated ")2 9 million, an increase of 222 
percent over the $0„9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of .$682,000 in 1943 as compared with 
$594,000 in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $113,000 in 1948 compared with $25,000 in 1939c 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 137 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 o This compared with a 
total of 79 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Blanco County, 
Texaso Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Blanco County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States « A single copy of the preliminary release for Blanco County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C„ 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

BLANCO COUNTY, TEX D 




Trade group and kind of business 



UXjlAilj 1RAJJE, tOtai. ooooooooooooooo 



o o o o o o o 



Food group. o o 

Eating and drinking places 

Gasoline service stations 

All other retail stores . <> o o » ° D 



OO0O 0000900000000000000000 

ooooooooooooo 

ooooooooooooo© 
o o o o o 



3 009000000000000000000000 



' WHOLESALE TRADE „ 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES^ co „ » „ o 00 „ . coo 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



87 

15 
27 
14 
31 

5 

19 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,919 

986 

296 

309 

1,328 

682 

118 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



89 

17 

25 
13 
34 

7 
21 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



122 

29 
37 
10 
46 

6 
9 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



92 

21 

2C 

8 

35 

x 

5 



x Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades o 



v 

¥ 

c 
<. 

X. 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



4 Of 7* 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses, were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Class fication 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered s.re radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number cf locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect, in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees,.. n represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod ■sere paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 




1948 census of eusmess 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 




For Release May 15, 1950 Release Series BC-1P-42-018 

BOSQUE COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Bosque County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 194-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated $7o5 million, an Increase of 226 
percent over the $2„3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3°2 million in 194-8 as compared with 
$1„0 million in 1939 ° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling 3417,000 In 1948 compared with $80,000 in 1939 . 

Retail trade establishments in the county reported 326 paid employees for the work- 
week ended nearest November 15, 194-8* For the same week in 194-8, wholesale trade 
establishments reported 14-6 paid employees and the selected service trades reported 
61 paid employees o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bosque County, 
Texas „ Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Bosque County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States, A single copy of the preliminary release for Bosque 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, Do C c 



i 
t 

L 

* 

3 

5 

X 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADf GROUP 

BOSQUE COUNTY, TEX 



Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid emp 

workweei 

nearest Nov 


loyees, 
. ended 
15, 1948 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


rlJli XA-Lij L±\J%ULj j X»0 UO.J.O OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


20^ 


7,474 


198 


326 


253 


J. OOQ. HX O Lip OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


57 


1,759 


59 


51 


31 


Eating and drinking places „ o ° « o . » » o „ . . . 


19 


217 


19 


49 


45 


General merchandise grp 5 general stores 


13 


313 


12 


14 


8 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 


13 


286 


9 


15 


7 


^iLluOlTlO L'l V 6 &x 0X1X3 ooooooooooooooooooooooo 


12 


1,039 


13 


31 


30 


Gasoline service stations o o „ « o » o o 


34 


722 


37 


33 


26 


Lumber-building-hardware group 


21 


1,461 


20 


50 


48 


Drug and proprietary stores o o o » o » <• o o « «, 


11 


375 


10 


24 


17 


«&_i JL OuilGX^ l/6X'a.lJ_ SX0i6S ooooooooooooooo 


24 


1.302 


19 


59 


41 


WiTwi U-iOAXiLJ L iA.J\±Jxj oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


19 


3,159 


15 


146 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,i/total <, <, o o , , . o 


73 


417 


77 


61 


50 


i"vl bOlidj. u"r vlCcbo OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


43 


166 


44 


37 


29 


A.L.L 0"Gn.6X° SSI^VlC© T»I t, cLCl€S oooooooooooooo o 


30 


251 


33 


24 


21 


Jii xUOi-J.L'U— (IN J. O o 000000000000000000000000000090 


11 


63 

— _ __ — . 


10 


10 


X 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Ensiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $600 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
■UftEAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



E 
s 



For Release May 29, 1950 



Relee.ee Series BC-1P- 42-019 






BOWIE COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail c, wholesale , and service establishments located in Bowie County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $35.7 million, an increase of 
208 percent over the $11.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $34.9 million in 1948 as 
compared with $7° 5 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $1.8 million in 1948 compared with $0.6 million in 
1939c 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 &nd 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
2,960 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 
with a total of 1,942 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Bowie County, 
Texas, which also includes data for that part of the city of Texarkana located in 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Bowie County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Bowie 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, 8Y TRADE GROUP 



BOWIE COUNTY, TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie-- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not, 1918 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not, 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



o o © o • o o 



000.9000 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 
Food group 
Eating and drinking places ............ 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

xVPjJcl.1 6 -X §X OUJJ oooo o©o oe eooooooeooooooo* 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp 
Automotive group ...................... 

Gasoline service stations ............. 

Lumber-building -hardware group. ....... 

Drug and proprietary stores ....... ... . 

All other retail, stores. 
WHOLESALE TRADE, total..., 

Merchant wholesalers .... 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals. 

Assemblers of farm products ..... 

Other types of wholesale ...<,...., 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/t o tal. „ . , 

Personal services . . . ............ , 

All other service trades ......... 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS. 
AMUSEMENTS . • . . • 



o • o • • • 



o © • o 



O O O O © o 



oooo 



oooo 



00000 000009000000000 



Tp3 

249 

152 
35 
25 
2 3 

3b 
77 
29 

8 

76 
52 
12 



131 

3 

17 



35,732 
8,536 

5,483 
1,959 
1,573 
6,653 
2,510 
3,379 
1,522 
1,766 
34,914 
14,705 
3,001 
9,106 
8,102 

1 J 8.11 

1A92 

619 

231 

612 



670 
249 
124 

33 
20 
23 

23 

82 

29 
21 

5g 

58 

39 
10 

7 

2 

22S 

87 
13 



i 



2,009 
215 
392 
437 
130 

180 
151 
175 

96 

iti 
36 
10 
7^ 



310 



1,653 
163 
3^7 

291 

90 
96 

176 

131 
162 

120 

77 
x 

X 
X 
X 

li 

73 

31 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BOWIE COUNTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




i 
City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


t L 


unincorporated 
businesses 






lishments 




Total 


Full workweek 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


Nov. 1948 


employees 


employees 


Temrkana s { part ) 












Retail trade O ooooo oooo°e°o 


362 


25,312 


3^0 


1.591 


1,316 


Wholesale trade <> <, » a • . » •> * » = . 


6k 


32,999 


hi 


k95 


X 


Selected service trades oo<, 


133 


1,462 


1*7 


325 


300 


Tourist courts and camps » » » 


7 


180 


7 


28 


27 


Remainder of countys 












KC XalX TpJ/SO© OOOOOOOOOOOOO 


3*1 


10,420 


330 


4.18 


337 


Wholesale trade 


12 


1,915 


11 


00 


X 


Selected service trades . <, <> 


75 


3^9 


78 


63 


57 


Tourist courts and camps „ <> „ 


7 


51 


6 


6 


k 



l/ See General Description on 
in the coverage of Service 
2/ Includes employees paid for 



page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

So 

s than the full workweek . 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a aeries of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
business information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual,' May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups— personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters. - Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification oi the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definit ion. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and S500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of aeparate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers snd paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

!ETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



!"or Release May 3, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-020 



BRAZORIA COUNTY, TEX, 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Brazoria County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U, S, Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $35»0 million, an increase of 415 
percent over the #6,8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
olesalc sales in the county reached a total of #6,9 million in 1948 as compared with 
1,1 million in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
eceipts totaling $>1,2 million in 1948 compared with 50,2 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
bhe above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 2,06l 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15^ 1948, This compared with a 

1 total of 814 employees reported for the week of November 15 , 1939 o 
These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Brazoria County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Alvin and Freeport, Final ilgures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Brazoria County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made avail- 
able this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States, A 
s: ngle copy of the preliminary release for Brazoria County as w^ell as an order blank for 
other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 
25, D, Co 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

BRAZORIA COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
bus inesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total, . 



o o o o o o o 



'oooooooo 



o o o o o o o 



OOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOOOOOOO 



Food group 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores, 

.H.jp|jcli Cl ^X^OLL|Jo OOOQOOOOOCtOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

r\U oOiUO 1 V " ^rOliPo oooooo >ooooooooooooooo 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 00 

All other retail stores,,,, 
WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers.. 

Other types of wholesale 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total... 

Personal services 

All other service trades, 

HOTELS 

AMUSEMENTS 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

000 OOOOOO 
OOOOOOOOQO 
OOOOOOOOOOOOO 



• o o o • • 



o o o o 



o o o o 



OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 



■ o O 



O o 



0*90 

o o o o 



oooooooooo 

o o o o o o o ■ 

• oooooooo i 

000«00000000009 i 

OOOOOOOOOOOOOO t 



546 
104 
135 
33 
23 
29 
40 
72 
48 
22 
40 

\ 

18 

143 
90 

53 

7 
10 



34,958 
9,948 
2,524 
2,233 
1 ? 253 
1,593 
*7,267 
2,464 
5,310 
1,155 
1,211 
6,871 
535 
6,336 
1,160 
702 
458 

133 
158 



546 


1,719 


94 


328 


153 


308 


32 


150 


25 


78 


24 


66 


42 


295 


80 


161 


31 


187 


24 


96 


41 


50 


15 


124 


4 


7 


11 


117 


132 


218 


76 


169 


56 


W 




26 
22 



1,489 
280 
272 
117 
55 
57 
284 
140 
17? 

83 

29 

x 

X 

X 

203 
158 

45 

00 



x Not available,, 



j 1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
"2/ See General Description on last page for 
the coverage of Service Trades „ 



full workveek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business in 






Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BRAZORIA COUNTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




1 
City and trade group 


Number of 
estab- 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 








lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Alvins 












itt : UcL-L-L U L CPA-i" saoeooo»oo0990 


74 


6,832 


72 


295 


253 


Selected service trades,,. 


27 


251 


24 


41 


36 


Freeport : 












Retail trade 


84 


6,898 


72 


398 


358 


Selected service trades,.. 


21 


294 


19 


64 


5S 


Remainder of county %%/ 












Retail trade „ , . . , . . . , , , . . 


388 


21,228 


402 


1,026 


878 


Selected service trades,,. 


95 


615 


89 


113 


109 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business ii 

the coverage of Service Trades, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
3/ Includes figures for establishments not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants or 

more. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 19 39 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sates and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-021 



BRAZOS COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Brazos County, Texas, showed a substantial 
expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary figures frcm the 194S 
Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, Uo So Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $28 7 million, an increase of 254 percent over 
the $8«1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. Wholesale sales in the 
county reached a total of $7.1 million in 1948 as compared with $4 6 million in 1939 e The servioe 
trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling $1.4 million in 1948 compared 
with $0.4 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year' period between 1939 and 1948 for the above 
trades o Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 2,043 paid employees for- the 
workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948„ This compared with a total of 1,206 employees reported for 
the week of November 15, 1939„ 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Brazos Count",, Texas, which 
also includes data for the city of Bryan Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for 
Brazos County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties 
and States e A single copy of the preliminary release for Brazos County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, Do Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

BRAZOS COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 


Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total . 
employees 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


workweek 
employees 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




XtHil A i Ifl XrvAUJL, !■ .aXo ooeeeooooooeoo.GoeoeeeeoooeG 


384 


28,683 


373 


1,584 


1, 308 


J! OOu grOUp. oeoooeoeooooeeoooeooaooeeeoeeoeeeaS 


124 


6,504 


117 


201 


155 


Eating and drinki&g plaoes.io «ot<»>ct» 


73 


1,971 


80 


319 


249 


General merchandise group, general stores.oee. 


12 


2,443 


4 


240 


158 


Appar e.l. group oeoeoeooeooooeeeoeeoeoeeeeooooooo 


24 


1,893 


29 


125 


108 


Furniture-home furnishinga-^ipplianoe gr oupo.oo 


16 


1,511 


14 


79 


74 


AUT-OmOljiVe ^rOUp« ooneeaeeooeooooooooooeeeeoeo. 


25 


6,424 


19 


225 


217 


Gasoline servioe stationsioteo oxttotttea 


33 


1,321 


38 


98 


75 


Lumb er— building— hardware group, i,„ e 


23 


3,910 


20 


142 


140 


tog and proprietary 3Lores (g .. e o Dd>«.M« 


11 


749 


16 


55 


52 


All Other retail StoreS.«ooeoeeeeeee.eeeoeoee. 


43 


1,957 


36 


100 


6C 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total© ooeoeaee.oeeeoaeoeseaeses 


26 


7,086 


20 


163 


X 


Merchant Wholesalers oeeooeeaoeoo.oseeaooeeo.ee 




4,329 


11 


101 


X 


Other types of whol«Saleoeoeoeeeeoeeeoeeoeeooe 


11 


2, 757 


9 




X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total... 00...0....... 


120 


1,440 






267 


* ©r a OnaX S eiV IC^S ocooooooeooooooooooooeeoeoee. 


83 


1,087 


86 




231 


13U.SXnoS3 Services osooooeeooooooeoeoeooeoeeeeo. 


5 


71 







8 


Automotive repairs and serv.ioesooooo.o.ooo.o.. 


15 


126 




15 


15 


Other repair fl ervicee ooooo.ooooooooooo.oooo.o. 


17 


156 


17 


19 


13 


AMUSJUMJiiW 1.5 a o a a o o o e o o o a o e o o a o e a o n c a o o o o a o o e a e o e e a 


14 


501 


9 


-7 


X 


x Not available. 













1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 
of Servioe Trades. 



1939 Census of Business in the ooverage 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BRAZOS COUNTY, TESCe 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Bryan z 

Selected service trades»«oooeooo 
Remainder of countys 

I\S '-'3.2. jt XraClev e o o o o t> o o o o a o o o o e o o o 

Selected service tradeseoooo»ooo 


286 
92 

98 
28 


24, 630 
1,017 

4,053 

423 


281 
97 

92 
26 


1,325 
208 

259 
88 


1,099 

182 

209 
85 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in the coverage 

of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full -workweeks 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown ere preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sale3 were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November IE, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



£/ / / C* -5 



1948 CEnSUS Of BUSINESS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



E 

s 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 1+2-022 



BREWSTER COUNTY, TEX„ 

Retail^, wholesale, and service establishments located in Brewster County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 "to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19*4-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce « 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5,8 million, an increase of 190 
percent over the $2.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken o Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3 = 3 million in 19*4-8 as 
compared with $1„3 million in 1939 • The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $213,000 in 1948 compared with $94,000 in 1939° 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 3^4 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19*4-8 » This compared with a 
total of 285 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939c 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Brewster County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Alpine, Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Brewster County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months „ Similar data will be made available this year in 
preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States, A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Brewster County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1 948, BY TRADE GROUP 

BREWSTER COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 16, 194 8 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


J* OOCL £}2 1> 0\£p 0000 * © • 00 •0000000000000000000 

Eating and drinking places 00000. -co..,.,,, 
Gasoline service stations 000,000,0.0.000 
All other retail stores ..„„ .» ........ . . 

WliUJ_uliOAJ-lili XX\AJ-)I!j oooooo»00000000000«-«ooooooo 

2/ 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, - total. . . . . » » 

rex SOXlcL.X. SGi'VlCcS oooo«oooo»ooooo*o« 00000 

All other service trades ....... . . * . . 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 


114 

22 
26 
10 
56 

10 

21 

14 

7 

6 


5,79^ 
1,422 

322 

357 
3,693 

3,274 

213 

138 

75 

71 


113 

22 

23 

11 

57 

7 

22 
14 

8 

6 


280 

41 

53 

16 

170 

44 

40 

35 

5 

8 


244 

33 

44 

11 

156 

X 

36 
31 

5 

6 



x Not available, 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



G ALL* 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BREWSTER COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total t 
employees'* 



Full workweek 
employees 



Alpine : 

Retail trade , * . . „ 

Remainder of county- 
Retail trade o o = 



* • o o o o 



89 



oooooo»ooo»o 



5,031 

763 



86 
27 



2k5 



35 



215 



29 



Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek . 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of Jnne 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of mnltiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs a?. d other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, bnt not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



<f06&4- 



1948 C€RSUS OF BUSIHESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-023 



BRISCOE COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in 3riscoe County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-3 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1943 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated $2 C 5 million, an increase of 213 
percent over the $0 o 8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $910,000 in 1943 as compared with 
$264,000 in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling $87,000 in 1943 compared with $58,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total cf 114 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest Kcvember 15, 1943 Q This compared with a total 
of 89 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Briscoe Cour 
Texas Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Briscoe County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States A single copy of the preliminary release for Briscoe County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D Q C c 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, SY TRADE GROUP 

BRISCOE COUNTY, TEX 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total , 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


ivXjI AJ.J-1 lixjilifci , "tCt ax 000000000000000000000 

aLOU 5IO ~P 000000000000000000000*0000000 

Gasoline service stations c c „ eo » 00 00 
All ether retail stores oc 00 . 00 

WliOLlllb ALE 1 HADE ooooooooeouaoooooooooooooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,2/totaloo...oo. ». 
"ersonaJ- services 000000000000000000000 
All other service trades 00 o 0000 »»» » 0000 


51 

8 
7 

36 

9 

19 

13 

6 


2,536 
641 

136 
1,759 

910 

37 
64 
23 


51 

a 

7 

36 

3 

20 

14 

6 


0/ 
14 

2 
70 

15 

13 
12 

1 


X 

12 
11 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of business 
in the coverage of Service Trade s 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-024 



BROOKS COUNTY, TEX. 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Brooks County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $7.5 million, an increase of 436 
percent over the $1.4 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of 34.0 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.3 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $272,000 in 1948 compared with $40,000 in 1939- 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 502 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 266 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Brooks County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Brooks County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Brooks County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



E 

s 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 6Y TRADE GROUP 

BROOKS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group 

Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations., 
All other retail stores..., 



WHOLESALE TRADE. 



.2/ 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 

Personal services 

All other service trades 



total. 



120 
32 
35 
10 
43 

13 

32 
21 
11 



TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS. 



7,504 

1,8a 

590 

643 

4,430 

3,995 

272 
156 
116 

66 



112 

36 

34 

9 

33 

10 

31 
21 

10 



392 
60 
74 
23 

235 

59 

S 

15 
17 



344 
48 

59 

19 
218 

x 

48 
36 
12 

16 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on laat page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in e 
week by employees of the reporting estab 
lishment . 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-025 



BROW COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale s and service establishments located in Brown County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $22.1 million, an increase of 199 
percent over the $7o4 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $17 <>2 million in 1948 as compared with 
$4.8 million in 1939 « The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1.2 million in 1948 compared with $0,4 million in 1939« 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,771 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared with a 
total of 1,374 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Brown County, 
Texas, which also includes data fur the city of Brownwoodo Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Bro;m County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year in 
preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States . A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Drown County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C„ 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

BROW COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAID TRADE, total 



dj_ 0000000000000000000 
0000000000000000000000000 
00000 



Food group. 

Eating and drinking places. 

General merchandise grp, general stor 

•tt-pp<3*r " J_ groiip o 0000000000000000000000 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance g 

Automotive group. . . . o o „ « 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores.. 

All other retail stores 



000 
000 
000 

es. 



o o o o o • 

0000000 

o o • • • o 

o o • o o • 

0000000000000 

0000000000000000 

0*0000900000000 

0000000000 



00000 

rp. 

000 
000 

000 



WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers. 

Other types of wholesale.. 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/t o tal .-. . . . . 

r ersonax se rvxces <>ooooooooooo>ooo*a 

All other service trades, 
TOURIST COURTS AND GAMPS, 



'0000000000 
'ooooooooooeo 



000 
000 
000 
000 
000 


000 
000 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



388 
107 

16 

18 

14 
42 
78 
21 
19 
38 
42 
25 
17 

54 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



22 
5 

2 

1 
1 
5 
1 
1 
1 
1 

17 
12 

4 

1 



086 
221 
822 
708 
312 
088 
578 
304 
951 
100 
002 
194 
254 
940 

480 
57 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



399 

115 

37 
10 
17 
14 
43 
88 
13 
22 
40 

37 
20 
17 



62 
7 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full 
2/ See General Description on last page for change 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



workweek, 
s from the 



Total . 


Full 
workweek 


ployees 


employees 


1,171 


1,017 


133 


102 


155 


142 


202 


151 


73 


68 


58 


56 


227 


223 


73 


50 


78 


66 


106 


98 


66 


61 


349 


X 


290 


X 


59 


X 


251 
202 


m 


49 


47 


15 


13 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

BROWN COUNTY, TgX 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full vforkweek 
employees 


Brownwood? 












it© uSlXjL "OrB-ClS OOOGOOOOOOOOOOO 


279 


20 5 l6l 


280 


1,077 


938 


Selected service trades,, ooo 


124 


1,142 


131 


230 


201 


Remainder of county; 












IX© UQj L Gl dQ6 ooooooooooooooo 


109 


1*925 


119 


94 


79 


Selected service trades „„o 


24 


98 


24 


21 


15 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades,, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Bnsinesc. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
men t s. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service traces ir the following four 
groups— personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, -and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusere" ts ; including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade estabUsh- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners ana 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



f/Mf 



ki948 census of busihess 
RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 
PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

iUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22 , 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-026 



BURLESON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Burleson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U„ S„ Department of Commerce c 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $6„9 million, an increase of 214 
percent over the $2„2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1„4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0 4 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $257,000 in 1948 compared with $50 5 000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 348 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948„ This compared with a 
total of 314 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Burleson 
County, Texaso Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Burleson County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and State s„ A single copy of the preliminary release for Burleson 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be .obtained by writing to 
the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

BURLESON COUNTY, TEX„ 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 




Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Not. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Noy. 1948 




employees 


RETAIL TRADE , total oooooo.oooooooo.oooo.o 


218 


6,933 


212 


311 


222 


C OOvi g J70 Lip 00000000000000000000000000000 


57 


2,234 


57 


56 


35 


Eating and drinking places » 000000.0.000 


60 


464 


58 


74 


53 


General merchandise grp 5 general stores 


29 


961 


29 


58 


33 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


7 


191 


7 


11 


11 


AUt-OmOt<lVe grOUp oooooooo.ooooooooo.eoo 


6 


400 


9 


25 


22 


Gasoline service stationsoo,....,.,..,,. 


22 


915 


18 


12 


7 


Lumber-building-hardware group ,„ 


9 


833 


9 


34 


30 


Drug and proprietary stores, . . , . . . ... . 


6 


202- 


8 


17 


12 


All other retail stores,,,,,,,.,,,,,,,,, 


22 


733 


17 


24 


19 


WHOLESALE TRADE, ....... 00 ................ . 


9 


1,373 


9 


15 


x 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/to tal. ..... . . . 


42 


257 


42 


22 


20 


I 61 SOilclX S6rVlC6So 000000000000000000000 


23 


115 


21 


17 


16 


All other service trades.,,,.,,,,,,.,,, 


19 


142 


21 


5 u 



x Not available, 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades „ 



/?// Q> 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 195O 



Release Series BC-IP-I4.2-027 



BURNET COUNTY, TEXo 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Burnet County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19U8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19^8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U« So Department of Commerce.. 

Retail sales in the county during I9I+6 aggregated $5*5 million, an increase of 189 
percent over the $1*9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken* 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1»3 million in 19^8 as compared with 
$0<,6 million in 1939» The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $162,000 in 19^8 compared with $52,000 in 1939 . 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the above trades » Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
365 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19*80 This compared 
with a total of 229 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939» 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Burnet 
County, Texas . Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Burnet County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months . 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States., A single copy of the preliminary release for Burnet 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D» Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

BDRNET COUNTY, TEXo 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid emp 

workweei 

nearest Nov 


Loyees, 
ended 
15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


X* -ill X n JLJ-I XxvAUJCj^ i&QwfiLL o 000000000000000000000 

JTOOCL gJiOiUj) 00000000000000000000000000000 

Eating and drinking places 0000.00000000 

Gasoline service stations 

All other retail stores » u , » » » 


Ik6 
31 
15 
22 
78 


5,501 

1,093 

312 

550 

3,5*6 


146 
30 
17 
22 

77 


Ilk 
28 

63 
30 

193 


&7C 

25 

61 

28 

156 


WD.UI iriSPiil tr» XJxAUu 00000000000000000000000000 


9 


1,326 


8 


25 


x 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, » total. . . . 

A ©A 9©BjLS.jL ©©XwaCScS OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

All other service trades 00000000000000c 


k2 
25 

17 


162 
90 
72 


kk 

26 
18 


26 
18 

8 


26 

18 
8 


TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS».co,„,,,...„..,o 


8 


32 


9 


2 


2 



X 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



Tins series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
( hanges in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



^m^ 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

■UREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-028 



CALDWELL COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Caldwell County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $15.3 million, an increase of 164 
percent over the $5„8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.6 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2 4 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $668,000 in 1948 compared with $227,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades • Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 894 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 966 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Caldwell County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Lockhart and Luling. Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Caldwell County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made avail- 
able this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A 
single copy of the preliminary release for Caldwell County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CALDWELL COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total............... . 

Food group. 

Eating and drinking places. ..... ..<,... 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group ...«,.. 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group. 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores............... 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total.. 

Personal services 

All other service trades...... 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 
2/ See General Description on last page 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



268 
69 
48 
23 
10 
10 
24 
36 
21 

6 
21 
20 

9 
11 
80 

49 

-21 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



15,278 

3,049 

724 

1,714 

481 

548 

4,332 

862 

1,718 

373 

1,477 

4,600 

1,960 

2,640 

668 

348 

320 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



282 

77 
52 
28 
10 

13 
26 
36 
20 

5 
15 
15 

5 
10 
88 
50 

-2£ 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



712 

109 

131 

104 

32 

27 

82 

45 

69 

51 

62 

68 

46 

22 

114 

97 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



620 
90 

112 
72 
28 
27 
80 
39 
69 
48 
55 
x 
x 

X 

105 
88 
17 



the full workweek, 
for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

CALDWELL COUNTY, TEX* 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Lockhart j 

Retail trade , 

Wholesale trade , 

Selected service trades, 



Lulings 

Retail trade 

Selected service trades... 

Remainder of county: 3/ 

Retail trade 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades... 



119 
12 
34 



98 
31 



51 

8 

15 



8,470 

2,893 
283 



5,024 
270 



1,784 

1,707 

115 



118 
10 
36 



106 
35 



58 

5 

17 



327 
46 
58 



337 
53 



48 

22 

3 



278 
x 

49 



301 
53 



41 
x 

3 



x Not available. 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, not located in cities 

of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities 

of 5,000 inhabitants or more s 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the Dnited States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hour3 typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



I 1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- ^-029 



CALHOUN COUNTY, TEX* 
Retail, whe , and service establishments locaiea ii >unty, rexas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1%& according 

to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Burea^ 
of the Census, U«> S. Department of Commerce* 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $.5^5 m. ., an increase of 400 
percent over the $1*1 million in 1939* when the preceding Cer.cus of I -s was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $2^2 miHioi 3 compared with 
$0.6 million in 1939* The service trade laded in the Census ~>t Business re.: cried 
receipts totaling $180,000 in 1948 compared with $41,000 in 1939- 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9~year pei 1 ?48 f or 

the above trades o Establishments in these trades reported a cf 409 paid 

employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15 t 1948o This compared with a tc 
of 290 employees reported for the week of November 15, 19 

These preliminary figures have been derived from i Census repo] Calhoun Cour 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Calhoun County, Will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several month 
Similar data will be made available this year .in preliminary and f - 3 of 

the counties and Stateso A single copy of the preliminary rale Calhoun County 
as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C. 



Table 1. -CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CALHOUN COUNTY, TEX« 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total* .00 



C C j) >!> o i © i> c © € e c © f • .' 



r OOQ grO'JjJ *®©c©*«©ooq©o*©©©ooo#©o©©©&o 

Eating and drink.ing places..ooooo.oooo 
Gasoline service stationso«ooooe«««>oo<» 
■ ft x i OTfiier retail stores o .cco.oo.u.aao. 



WHOLESALE TRADE* ««>ajo«o»*e«o« 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, -''total 



KOOOOfCI 



0*©©©©*©0 



x "a O OXl c L.L SSrVlC GSooo©©©©©©«©oowo©©t: 

All other service trades.. «..* <>. «... .o 



9C 

19 

II 
40 

12 
10 



5 j 4c . 
3,302 






- 






37 
60 
11 



57 
ii 

102 

x 

19 
4 



©©o©cc©oc©c©ooo©oo * j) © «©aeooao 



21 






AMUSEMENTS 
y Not available, 
1/ Includes employees paid for le an the 
2/ See General Description on last page for cha 
in the coverage of Service Trade 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses, were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
'tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition.— For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enu of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-030 



CALLAHAN COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Callahan County, Texas, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1942 according to prelimi- 
nary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U So Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $4»5 million, an increase of 125 
percent over the $2,0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$192,000 in 1942 compared with $86,000 in 1939. Wholesale sales in the county reached 
a total of $527,000 in 1948, a decrease from the $834,000 reported in 1939. 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades , Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 234 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 G This compared with a 
total of 242 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Callahan County, 
Texaso Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Callahan County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months „ Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and State s„ A single copy of the preliminary release for Callahan County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C„ 

Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CALLAHAN COUNTY, TEX 



Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 


Active 

proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, totaL, . OG ,„, D ,.„„,„ 010 


134 


4,478 


137 


199 


160 


r OOU gxOU.jp oooooooooooooooooooooooeooooo 


26 


1,652 


25 


45 


41 


Eating and drinking places,.,..,,,..,,,, 


10 


191 


10 


52 


36 


Gasoline service stations,,,,,,,,,,,,,. 


31 


402 


33 


9 


8 


All other retail stores,.,,,..,,,.,,,,. 


67 


2,233 


69 


93 


75 


WHOLESALE TRADE .......................... 


5 


527 


5 


8 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRAD ES, ^A, otal. ........ 


56 


192 


60 


27 


20 


r srsonaj. services. 000.00. 00000. ....0,00 


38 


125 


42 


21 


14 


All other service trades,.,...,.,.,,,.. 


18 


67 


18 


6 


6 


Hi'iU 01_d'li_jl\J -LG ..o 000 , .,. 000 . 00000 . 000000000 


7 


19 


7 


^__ 


* 



X 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . ." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES I 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 Release Series BC-1P- te-031 

CAMERON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Cameron County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1S&8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19^8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $8l.2 million, an increase of 
359 percent over the $17 • 7 million in 1939j when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in. the county reached a total of $75 • 7 million in 19^8 as 
compared with $17.1 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $3° 9 million in 19kQ compared with $1.0 million 
in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 

for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 

7,671 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^-8. This compared 

with a total of k p k29 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Cameron 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Brownsville, Harlingen, 
and San Benito. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Cameron County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Cameron 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

> 



I 



Page 2 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

CAMERON COUNTY, TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total, 



ooooooeooo 



Eating and drinking places ............. 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group,. ..,0,0...... 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp.o 
Automotive group, ...................... 

Gasoline service stations, ............. 

Lumber -building -hardware group, ........ 

Drug and proprietary stores . . . ........ . 

All other retail stores 



100000 



LESALE TRADE, total, 



Merchant wholesalers, total, .......... , 

Groceries , foods ..................... 

Hardware, elec'l, plum"g and heat'g.. 
Mach c y, equip' t, industrial supplies, 
Lumber, construction, materials ....... 

All other merchant wholesalers, 



10000 



Petroleum bulk plants, terminals. 
Assemblers of farm products.,,,., 
Other types of wholesale. 



0000 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, » total. . . 

Personal services ..... ...,.»,.. . 

Business services .,».,.,.....».. 

^ive repairs and services. 
"repair services ...... 



000000000000 



HOTELS. 

TOURIST COURTS AM) CAMPS < 
AMU8EMEHTS, 



000000000 



00000 



o o e c o 



tooooooooooo 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1,1*09 

535 

287 

51 
61 

53 
57 
96 
71 
36 
162 

184 

99 
24 
8 
12 
10 

1*5 

29 

42 
Ik 

321 

170 
16 
68 
67 

26 

56 
56 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



81,192 
17,897 

5>*32 

12,379 
5,31*2 
3,706 

3,627 
9,822 
2,329 
6,331* 

75,684 

37,639 

15,731* 

2,607 

2,858 

4,872 

11 



9,969 

17,167 
10,909 

3,895 

1,862 
186 

809 
1,038 

1,316 

509 

1,318 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



1,321 

526 

286 
32 

59 
46 

47 
93 
50 
38 
144 

137 

71 

23 

7 

9 

8 

24 

27 
29 
10 

332 

177 
17 
69 

69 

19 



46 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov, 16, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



4,887 

610 

808 

1,052 

329 
24l 

620 
238 

397 
214 

378 

2,105 

1,112 
377 
59 
125 
192 
359 

123 
822 

48 

679 

1*55 
31 
86 

107 

278 

81 

196 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



1*,156 

477 
710 

778 
269 
228 

597 
205 

358 
190 
3H 

x 

X 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 

X 

636 

429 
25 
83 
99 

244 
61 



x 

1/ 



lot available. 

Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



4/¥JU 






. 






Page 3 
Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

CAMERON COUNTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 








1 t\ 1 o _^i_ 


Active propri- 


Paid employees, workweek 


City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 


etors of 


ended nearest 


Nov. 15, 1948 


estab- 
lishments 


and receipts 


. 








un 1 n corpora tea 
businesses 


Total 


Full workweek 






(Thousand 


Nov. 1948 


employees 


employees 






dollars) 








Brownsville i 












Retail trade 


426 


28, o*a 


405 


1,963 


l,66l 


Wholesale trade 


49 


22,594 


45 


kjo 


X 


Selected service trades 


112 


1,070 


120 


260 


236 


Tourist courts and campsoo. 


7 


103 


>4 


2S 


23 


A2jTL3SGIH©3j. uS OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


11 


492 


9 


73 


X 


Harlingens 












He vaxx trade o oooooooooooooo 


369 


32,802 


310 


1,874 


1,613 


Wholesale trade* 


76 


30,167 


44 


938 


X 


Selected service trades 


101 


1,726 


108 


249 


zkc 


San Benito i 












Retail trade 


209 


9,922 


197 


514 


438 


Wholesale trade 


15 


8,339 


17 


39- 


X 


Selected service trades 


48 


326 


47 


63 


58 


Remainder of county si/ 












X\6 UGiX X X'A ClUJS OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


405 


10,427 


409 


536 


444 


Wholesale trade 


44 


l*,58fc 


31 


303 


X 


Selected service trades 


60 


773 


57 


107 


102 



x Not available o 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades <> 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek.. 
3/ Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, not located in cities 

of 2,5W inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities 

of 5,000 inhabitants or more<> 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation," which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census pu 
establishment is defined to include only en 
from a recognizable place of business, provi 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholes 
ment and $500 for establishments in other 
analysis of coverage will be provided in fnt 
ness publications. 



may have a consid- 
data, particularly 



rposes, a business 
terprises conducted 
ded that the annnal 
ale trade establish- 
trades. A detailed 
ure Census of Busi- 



"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Salea and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietor*. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period endiig nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 









1948 C€HSUS OF BUSIHESS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC-lP-- : 









Retail, wholesale, .and service establi _ ec ; - urty, Xexas, Bhowed 

a substantial expansion in dollar volume c iccording 

inary figures from the 194S Census of ' ease & the Bureau of the 

Census, U. S. Department, of Commerce. 

Retail sales in. the county during 1 > an increase of 

percent, ever the $1.3 million in 1939, Census Lness \ . . cen. 

Wholesale sales in the county reached 1 tota : - ' -'~~ 

$0.6 million in 1939* The service trad< 3iness recorded 

receipts totaling $175,000 in 1943 c 

Employment in the county also rose over the s -'-. 1- 

the above trades,, Establishments in these tr* bined 

employees for the workweek ended nearest K< sr 15* 19A-8. Ihis 1 "ed with a be 
of 241 employees reported for the week' : 

These preliminary figures have been ier ed frc 9 snsu ■/. - 

Texas 9 which ai^c includes data for the city 
the preliminary data for Camp County, will be incJ . Llletin for 



• 



able 



Texas to be issued in several months. 

preliminary .and final form for each : - A t 

preliminary release for Camp County as i •-" ' s - for other area relea 

may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the 15, D. C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CAMP COUNTY, I EX. 



Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total , 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


V O'OQ. JZj, <JUp« 4Jk>O£-4C0 0«>O«*0»000>>o0»4>C>b- 

Gasoline service stations... ....... .... 

All other retail stores. •••.••••••••••• 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES/' total .......... 

All other service trades. •••••••.•••••• 


; 

q 1 
j 4 

21 


3 

- 

.. " 

-> -. -1 


7 

11 


: : : 
37 

-\ 1 

13 

- 

- 

L . 


? 



_ 



x Not available, 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 

2j See General Description on last page fc J of Busines ■ 

the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

CAMP COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Pittsburg: 


82 

34 

21 


3,745 
175 

337 


75 
37 

16 


196 

41 

6 


142 
25 

5 


Selected service trades.... 
Remainder of county: 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 

the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek., 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, -and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades, A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Censns figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-03; 



CARSON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Carson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5.4 million, an increase of 200 
percent over the $1.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken., 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3.9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1.0 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $168,000 in 1948 compared with $64,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 230 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 194 employees reported for the iveek of November. 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Carson County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Carson County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Carson County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D. C„ 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CAKS0N COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total .... ............. . ... . 

J. UUvi g XX) U.JJ OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 0000000900000 

Eating and drinking places. . ... ....... . 

Gasoline service stations. ............ . 

All other retail stores. .......... . ... . 

WHOLESALE TliADE. ......................... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRAD ES, dJ t otal. .. ...... „ 

lei bUiidj. n"rVlL"So ooooooooooooocoooooto 

All other service trades. 00 . o ......... . 


116 

15 
20 

27 
54 

17 

33 

24 
9 


5,362 

1,079 
307 
805 

3,171 

3,898 

168 

88 
80 


108 
12 

23 
32 

u 

10 

32 

23 
9 


185 

38 

21 
102 

30 
11 


154 

29 
88 

X 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census c 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment . 






' 






11948 census of Business 
RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 
PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 






For Release May 1, 1950 Release Series BC-1P-42-034 

CASS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Cass County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U„ S„ Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $14<>8 million, an increase of 
202 percent over the $4e9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $2.7 million in 1948 as 
compared with $1„3 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $484*000 in 1948 compared with $171,000 in 1939 o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 

the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 754 paid 

employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948, This compared with a total 

of 515 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 » 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Cass County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Cass County, will be in- 
cluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Cass County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



E 



- 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CASS COUNTY, TEXo 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid emp 

workweei 

nearest Nov 


loyees, 
. ended 
15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


■ ' I X ■ i. J. j ' X .: 1 /.-..•_' J_J q Ujb cL X 00OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


272 


14,778 


287 


603 


508 


r O OQ. ££ rOU.p OOOOCOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


66 


2,603 


71 


66 


45 


Eating and drinking places,, o <> o o » 


27 


312 


27 


42 


38 


General merchandise grp, general stores. 


62 


2,079 


64 


63 


47 


App3.r© J- ^rOXip OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


8 


575 


7 


31 


28 


Furniture=>home furnishgs-appliance grp 


10 


393 


12 


25 


23 


rlU. vJIIiO UX V" jST X CJU. Pooooooooooooooooooooooo 


21 


4,852 


30 


126 


123 


Gasoline service stations o o « o o o o „ » » 


39 


860 


37 


53 


45 


Lumber-building-hardware group o e o •> o » « 


14 


2,070 


13 


120 


92 


Drug and proprietary stores „ o 0Q O0 <><, » 


11 


467 


12 


47 


37 


AJLJ- OoflGi' IT'GLfcLlJ- SbOI*©So oooooooooeooooo 


14 


567 


14 


30 


30 


VVn.WXjJ_jOriJ_jX-t XiU.tt.X/Xj o ooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


14 


2,666 


22 


52 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, i~/totalo . „„ 00 . . ■ . 


75 


484 


81 


99 


85 


- ^ X DU 11 d_L Ot>X VXl/Cb o o oooooocotooooooooooo 


45 


349 


49 


88 


75 


All other service trades. , „ „ e B « > <> <> o 


30 


135 


32 


11 


10 


Ai 1U OX-jl liMy JLOooOOOOOOOOOOOOOOODODOOOOOOOOOOO 


10 


121 


10 


27 


X 



x Not available 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweekc 

2/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Eusiness Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
men t s. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Cens<us of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



may have a consid- 
data, particularly 



rposes, a business 
terprises conducted 
ded that the annual 
ale trade establish- 
trades. A detailed 
ure Census of Busi- 



other changes in the standard classification 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census pn 
establishment is defined to include only en 
from a recognizable place of business, provi 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholes 
ment and $500 for establishments in other 
analysis of coverage will be provided in fut 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, bnt not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



fm* 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

■UREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-035 



CASTRO COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Castro County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948; according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3°3 million, an increase of 267 
percent over the $0„9 million in 1939 s when the preceding Census of Business was taken,. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3d million in 1948 as compared with 
$l o million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $121,000 in 1948 compared with $26,000 in 1939 • 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades,. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 176 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15? 1948 „ This compared with a total 
of 99 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 „ 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Castro County, 
TexaSo Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Castro County, will be in- 
cluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months,, Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States,, A single copy of the preliminary release for Castro County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25 s D„ C 



. 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CASTRO COUNTY, TEX„ 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov, 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workveek 
employees 


llf-j I PlJ-±j Jl IXnUSlsq LOX'dio oooooooooooooooooooo 
f O 00. £ J/ OU.p OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

Eating and drinking places. .„«> coo <> .<> 
Gasoline sersrice stations 00 . o ooooooo 
All other retail stores s ,o..oo..o«oo« ( 

Wrl vl <l iO/Vl if-j ±x\j\UHs q oooooooooooooooooeoooooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/totaloo 00 „ . . „ 

f vi DOI1gLJ_ o"I V J.v.'Vi3 o oooooooooooooooooooo 

A-i—L o u nsi^ s©rvxc s u 1*3.0 gs 000000000 00000 


42 

8 

5 

9 

20 

14 

17 
8 
9 


3,327 

688 

68 

346 

2,225 

3,108 

121 
39 
82 


41 

8 
5 
7 

21 

11 

19 

9 

10 


110 
17 
15 
13 
65 

50 

16 
8 
8 


98 
14 
11 
11 
62 

X 

12 
6 
6 



x Not available, 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 

2/ See General Description on last page for -changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades „ 



7*Of 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kmd-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definit ion. —For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



*1 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS £ 

s 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-036 



CHAMBERS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Chambers County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U„ S Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5»2 million, an increase of 174 
percent over the $1,9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken,, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $959,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$270,000 in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $133,000 in 1948 compared with $44,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 26i paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 „ This compared with a total 
of 274 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Chambers County, 
Texas o Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Chambers County, will "be -in- 
cluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months „ Similar* 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States,, A single copy of the preliminary release for Chambers County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25* D C 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 



CHAMBERS 


COUNTY, 


TEX. 










Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total , 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


XuLj X rLXxj 1 fun. U Hi n wOLaJLoooooooooooooooooooooo 
Jl OOtl grOUp 00006000 ooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places „ e <, « „ , „ . o „ . . 
Gasoline service stations. „ „ , . , „„ . „ ,, , c 
All other retail storeSo,,,,..^.,,...,,, 

Vvilv/XjPjO r\ JLjH) 1 t \ A.J ) Cj ooooooooooooooooooooooooo o 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, %/t ot al . .. . . o0 . . . 

1 Si oUlidX DCrVi C'wOooOOOOOOO oooooo 0000 000 

All other service trades,,,.,,,,,.,,,,, 


81 
25 
16 
13 

27 

5 

17 
9 
8 


5,231 

1,411 

174 

359 

3,287 

959 

133 
53 
SO 


79 

25 
15 
16 

23 

1 

19 

9 

10 


229 
26 
27 
18 

158 

15 

17 
10 

7 


176 

19 

23 

15 

119 

X 

u 

9 
5 



x Not available , 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek^ 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



KStf 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-037 



CHEROKEE COUKTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Cherokee County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $21.8 million, an increase of 216 
percent over the $6.9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken,, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $6.3 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2.7 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1.3 million in 1948 compared with $0.3 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,548 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 953 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Cherokee County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Jacksonville and Rusk. Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Cherokee County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Cherokee County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

CHEROKEE COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not- 194 ^ 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

Apparel group 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automot ive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total 

Personal services 

All other service trades 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 
2/ See General Description on last page 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



409 
166 
33 
27 
20 
23 
30 
44 
23 
14 
29 
34 
12 
22 
121 
72 

-Jtl 



21, 823 
6,364 

760 
2,258 
1,026 
1,429 
4,116 
1,297 
2,583 

809 
1,181 
6,252 
3,166 
3,086 
1,289 

734 
ill 



412 
165 
36 
18 
21 
22 
39 
45 
26 
12 
28 
22 
7 
15 
128 
79 
49 



1,207 
200 
149 
158 

59 
101 
170 

73 
159 

87 

51 
115 

76 

39 
226 
165 

61 



1,013 

151 

132 

99 

38 

89 

164 

65 

157 

79 

39 

x 

X 
X 

203 
150 

LL 



the full workweek, 
for changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

CHEROKEE COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Jacksonville s 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades... 

Rusk; 

Retail trade 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades... 

Remainder of county %^J 

Wholesale trade. 

Selected service trades.... 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



171 
24 

67 



65 

5 

18 



173 
36 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



12,743 

5,096 

925 



4,676 
678 

177 



4,404 
478 
187 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



179 
16 

73 



58 

2 

20 



175 

4 

35 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees* 



806 
103 
175 



226 

8 

29 



175 

4 

22 



Full workweek 
employees 



697 

x 

156 



189 

x 

27 



127 

x 

20 



x Not available. 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, not located in cities 

of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities 

of 5,000 inhabitants or more. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal servic es, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annnal 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- ^2-038 



CHILDRESS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail,, wholesale, and service establishments located in Childress County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19^4-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1 9*1-8 aggregated $12.5 million, an increase of 
221 percent over the $3<>9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $7*8 million in 19^8 as com- 
pared with $1.8 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $65^,000 in 19^8 compared with $224,000 in 1939° 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 884 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8 • This compared with a 
total of 550 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939» 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Childress 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Childress. Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Childress County, will be included in a Bulle+ 
for the State of Texas to be issued in. several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Childress County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing tc the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

CHILDRESS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1 948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



O . o 



. . . e . o o 



RETAIL TRADE, total ......... 

Food group .... . ...... c ... . 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

Apparel group. ......................... 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 

Automotive group ....................... 

Gasoline service stations .............. 

Lumber -building -hardware group. 

Drug and proprietary stores ............ 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. .................. 

Merchant wholesalers. ........ 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total 

Personal services 

All other service trades 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS.. 



• • © • 



o • o o 



o o © o © 



173 

35 
20 

9 
13 

5 
17 
30 
19 

i 

21 
12 

el 

27 
33 



• o o © 



12,511 

1,^60 
568 

252 
2,87^ 

861 
1,812 

297 

836 
7,806 
It-, 221 

3 'g 

3^7 

3p7 

*3 



16k 

33 

23 

5 

11 

3 

11 

31 
21 

9 

ik 

8 

6 

65 

35 

30 

61 



665 
103 
81 
150 
32 
Ik 
99 
52 
70 
20 
kk 

66 

kg 

10& 

82 

16 



x 

89 

7 ^ 
18 

16 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



— ^ 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR ITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MMC 

CHILDRESS COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City aad trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended neares't Nov. 16, 1948 



Total -i 
employees 



Full workweek 
employees 



Childress? 

Retail trade,, « o . 



OOOOCfcOOD 



Remainder of county? 



152 



21 



11,969 



542 



140 



24 



624 



41 



515 



40 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workvreek, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition.— For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment- 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Foil workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

■UREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



j. For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-039 



CLAY COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishment located in Clay County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5.3 million, an increase of 165 
percent over the $2.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $712,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$206,000 in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling $192,000 in 1948 compared with $68,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 234 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 218 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Clay County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Clay County, will be in- 
cluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States* A single copy of the preliminary release for Clay County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

CLAY COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total. , 

Food group , 

Eating and drinking places, 
Gasoline service stations., 
All other retail stores..., 



WHOLESALE TRADE, 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. 
Personal services ............. 

All other service trades 



e o o o o 



o c « o o o O 



122 
35 
12 
30 
45 



28 
18 
10 



5,327 

1,399 

161 

544 

3,223 

712 

192 

121 

71 



126 
40 
13 
27 
46 



31 
19 

12 



201 
43 
25 
21 

112 



26 
21 

5 



166 
33 
25 
17 
91 



22 
18 

4 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors . — "Active proprietors ..." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 






948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 19 50 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-040 



COCHRAN COUNTY, TKK 

Retail^ wholesale, and service establishments located in Cochran County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U So Department of Commerce.- 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $4«7 million, an increase of 571 
percent over the $0„7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $516,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$223*000 in 1939<> The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling $230,000 in 1948 compared with $34,000 in 1939« 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades,, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 271 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared with a 
total of 104 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Cochran County, 
TexaSo Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Cochran County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months,, Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States,, A single copy of the preliminary release for Cochran County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D C 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

COCHRAN COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Noy. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


11 U i. n.LL J. n, f\U±-j a LOt' cLJL ooooooooooooooooooooooo 
r OO (J, grOU.p o oo oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places,, „ « „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „<> 
Gasoline service stations,, o <> „ <> „ „ . „<> „ 
All other retail stores <> „ „ <> „ <, <> „ „ „ o <> 

WHOLESALE TRADE OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,2/total..„.„ ...„<, 

x "X^oOIlciX b"f YlC65o OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC 

All other service trades o 00 « o o « o.o o 00 


81 
16 

9 

14 
42 

6 

v 16 
7 


4,749 

1,181 

122 

393 

3,053 

516 

230 

164 

66 


84 
13 

9 

15 
47 

3 

25 

19 

6 


229 
39 
34 
16 

140 

8 

34 
26 

8 


153 
17 
18 
16 

102 

X 

29 

22 

7 



x Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades© 



7^7^ 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-041 



COKE COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Coke County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the' 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census^, U S Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $2.3 million, an increase of 283 
percent over the $0.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
"Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $379,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$288, 000 in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling $94,000 in 1948 compared with $19,000 in 1939 . 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 124 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 „ This compared with a total 
of 73 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Coke County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Coke County, will be in- 
cluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States,, A single copy of the preliminary release for Coke County as well 
as an crder blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25, D. C 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

COKE COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


nJj i AIL Ll\l\Uxj » TJOOcLLo oooooooooooooooooooo 
r OQQ. grOU.jp oooooooo ooooooooooooooooooeo 

Eating and drinking places. „ M i 

Gasoline service stations . . .... ...... . 

All other retail stores. ............ .. 

vVriwI i CiJ rllj i-i lIXxvL/o ooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES2/. ..... ..... 


63 
12 

9 
15 

27 

5 
17 


2,273 
659 
111 
262 

1,241 

379 
94 


69 
14 
10 
16 
29 

7 
20 


105 
18 
17 
15 
55 

7 

12 


80 
14 
13 
7 
46 

X 

9 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



4o£-?+ 



— ■ . — I o 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses, were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups- 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



i948 census of busiiiess 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-IP-I4-2-OU2 



COLEMAN COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Coleman County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19^8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $11.8 million, an increase of 
211 percent over the $3.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3.1 million in 19^-8 as 
compared with $2.4 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $51^,000 in 19^8 compared with $138,000 in 1939. 

Retail trade establishments reported kQQ paid employees for the workweek ended 
nearest November 15, 19^8. For the same week in 19^8, wholesale trade establishments 
reported 6l paid employees and the selected service trades reported 72 paid employees. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Coleman County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Coleman. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Coleman County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Coleman County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census', Washington 25, 
D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR IW8, BY TRADE GROUP 

COLEMAN COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total ...................... 

Food group ..<,... .......... ..0.0. ....... 

Eating and drinking places .... ........ . 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 
Apparel group ...........o. ....... ...... 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 
Automotive group ....................... 

Lumber-building -hardware group ......... 

Drug and proprietary stores . ........... 

All other retail stores ......... ....... 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. 

Merchant wholesalers ................. 0. 

Other types of wholesale .............. . 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. ........ . 

Personal services . ..................... 

All other service trades ......„...,.„„. 


232 

57 
20 
12 
10 

9 
21 
52 
20 
13 
18 

27 

9 

18 

76 


11,822 

2,533 
366 

767 
5^3 
332 

2,875 
696 

2,^20 
^51 

839 
3,120 
1,01* 

2,106 

51* 

319 
195 


2kk 
57 
23 

10 

9 

11 

23 

55 
17 
20 

19 
17 
5 
12 
Qk 

5 £ 
28 


1*88 

51 

70 

73 
31 
18 
92 
20 
76 
32 

25 
61 
31 
30 
72 
57 
L5 


425 
36 
58 
52 
29 
16 

87 

19 

75 
30 

23 

X 
X 

X 

62 

hi 
15 



x Not available . 
1/ Includes employees paid for' less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

COLEMAN COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 1 



Full workweek 
employees 



* o e • o o 



Coleman : 

Retail trade. 

Wholesale trade ...... „ . . • 

Selected service trades . . 

Remainder of county? 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades.. 



124 

17 

48 



108 
10 
28 



9,698 

1,904 

398 



2,124 

1,216 

116 



I36 
11 
53 

108 

6 

31 



395 
42 

57 



93 
19 
15 



354 
x 

51 



71 

X 

11 



x Not available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 

the coverage of Service Trades., 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
connty in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Easiness- The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" iz the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 eicluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hour3 typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



- 



RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. 5. UtKAKIMtlNl \Jt UJMMtKVX 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 4.2-04.3 



COLLIN COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail^, wholesale., and service establishments located in Collin County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194.8 according to 
preliminary figures from the 194-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U, S Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated $25,4 million, an increase of 214 
percent over the $8,1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale ^ sales in the county reached a total of $16,0 million in 194-8 as compared with 
$4.4 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1,2 million in 194-3 compared with $0,4 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9=year period between 1939 and 194.8 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,624. paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15 , 1948, This compared with a total 
of 1,559 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939„ 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Collin County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of McKinney Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Collin County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months c Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States, A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Collin County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C, 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

COLLIN COUNTY, TEX C 




Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
bus inesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees J 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 
Food group 

Eating and drinking places 
General merchandise grp, general stores 
Apparel group, .ooo ,,oooooooo,ooo o,oo 
Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 
Automotive group,, , eo , oe . 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 
WHOLESALE TRADE, total. 

Merchant wholesalers.. 

Assembelers of farm products,, 

Other types of wholesale , ,, ,, „, 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total , 

Personal services,,. „ , ,,, 

All other service trades 
AMUSEMENTS ,, 

x Not available,, 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades , 



eooooooeoooooo oooooooo 

90 60*069000 O 6 6 60060000600600 
60600000006 

neral store 

090090000000000000000000 

"urnishgs-appliance grp, 

''O oooooooo oooo ooooo*o ooo 

' o o o o ooooo 90000 

oeooeoooo 

oo*c- oooooooo 

0000000000060000 

00000 0060*0 oooooo 

600000 OOOOO 90000000 

o oooooooo 

0060906000 00^00 

oooooooo 

o>oo oooooooo OOOOO*. ooooo 

ooooooooooooooo 

n fi * ° 9 9 O * 9 Q Q Q O O u OOO Q O OO O 6 



513 
162 

55 
46 

18 
18 
40 
68 
45 

2 l 

38 
60 
18 
23 
19 
159 
100 

\l 



25.424. 
7,297 

853 
2,615 

792 

1,021 
4,556 

1.477 

4,915 
757 

1,141 

16,021 

4,409 

8,317 

3,295 
1,150 

776 

229 



511 

168 
53 
39 
21 
14 
39 
72 
42 

25 
38 

55 

16 

20 

19 

163 

103 

60 

I* 



1,181 

231 

120 

199 

60 

41 

169 

76 

154 
67 
64 

227 
84 
99 

2& 

186 

30 
55 



935 
156 

112 

129 

34 

35 

153 

69 

LU 

46 

55 

x 

X 
X 
X 

159 
132 

27 
x 



^ 

c 
c 
c 
L 
6 
5 
2 
x 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

COLLIN COUNTY, TEXo 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


McKinney: 












itv^UCXj — 1_ ITailSo OOOOOOOOOOOCOO 


182 


13,944 


173 


707 


587 


Wholesale trade o • ■ o o . <, . <> » <, 


25 


8,317 


24 


110 


X 


Selected service trades ooo 


50 


629 


55 


137 


103 


Remainder of county? 












■LuCbclJ — L "Gr*cLQ.Go oooooooooooooo 


331 


11,480 


338 


474 


348 


Whole sale trade O0 oooooooooo 


35 


7,704 


31 


117 


X 


Selected service trades 000 o 


109 


521 


108 


79 


56 



x Not available o 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment def in it ion.- -For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 195Q 



Release Series BC-1P- ij-2-OH 



COLLINGSWORTH' COUNTY, TEX, 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Collingsworth County, 
Texas, showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 
according to preliminary figures from the 19^8 Census of Business released today by 
the Bureau of the Census, U. So Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $7° 3 million, an increase of 217 
. percent over the $2.3 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $k a -2. million in 19^8 as compared with 
' $0„9 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $383,000 in 19^8 compared with $120,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the ^^ye&r period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the above trades <> Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of k-Ok 
. paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. This compared with a 
total of 338 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 • 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Collingsworth 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Wellington . Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Collingsworth County, will be included in a 
Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be 
l* made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
I States, A single copy of the preliminary release for Collingsworth County as well as 

an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing -co the Bureau of the 
!« Census, Washington 25, Do Co 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

COLLINGSWORTH COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



total. . 



o • « o o 



STAIL TRADE, 
Food group o 

Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations 
All other retail stores ......... . ... . 



oooooooo*oooooooooo*ooooo« 

OOOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOOOOO* 



.WHOLESALE TRADE... 



000*000900 



a/4 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,- 7 total 
Personal services 
All other service trades 



oooooooo 



ooooooaooooooooo* 



• OOOOVOOOO* 



125 
31 
15 
16 

63 

17 

51 
25 
26 



7,290 

l,6kq 

156 

669 

If, 816 

M53 

383 
186 

197 



126 
32 

15 
15 

6k 

12 

57 
26 

31 



280 

*5 
3^ 
16 

185 
76 

ke 
31 

17 



225 

ki 

29 
15 

1U0 



39 
21* 

15 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
In the coverage of Service Trades. 



> 

L 






Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

COLLINGSWORTH COUNTY, TEX. 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Wellington: 

Selected service trades,. 
Remainder of county: 

Selected service trades,,, 



97 
h5 



28 
6 



6,1+68 
3^ 



822 
39 



98 
50 



28 
7 



262 



18 

1 



211 
38 



Ik 

1 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades » 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
men t s. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS E 



For Release May 1, 1950 Release Series BC -IP- 42-0^5 

COLORADO COUNT Y s TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Colorado County 5 Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census U S Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $i6„9 million, an increase of 302 
percent over the $4o2 million in 1939 s when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5e9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2 1 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $389*000 in 1948 compared with $126,000 in 193 9 o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9°year period between 1939 and 1948 for 

the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 908 paid 

employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared with a total 

of 534 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 » 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Colorado County, 
Texas e Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Colorado County, will be in= 
eluded in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States A single copy of the preliminary release for Colorado County aa 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D C„ 



?0S7S- 



c 
c 

c 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



- 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

COLORADO COUNTY, TEX„ 









Active 


Paid emp 


Loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek 


ended 




Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov, 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 




un i ncor 
porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


b usinesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


RE I AJLJ-J IllAD.O p LpOT/cLJLo oooooooooooooooooooo 


279 


16 9 871 


261 


757 


619 


r OOCl g rOUp ooooooooooooaooooooeoooooooo 


58 


3 5 429 


59 


117 


88 


Eating and drinking places e « o » 


60 


1*005 


61 


146 


120 


General merchandise grp 9 general stores 


20 


1 9 340 


19 


69 


55 


ApparSX grOUPo OOOOOOOO00O00OOOO90G0O00 


8 


411 


7 


24 


19 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


5 


202 


3 


11 


6 


AUt OmOuXVe grOUp soooosoeeooooooooooooo 


21 


2 9 894 


21 


145 


138 


Gasoline service stations „• 09 000 o o0 o 00 


40 


856 


37 


54 


39 


Lumber-buiiding==hardware group 9 o » » « 


28 


3,858 


26 


155 


129 


Drug and proprietary stores 00 000 0O0 


8 


263 


7 


15 


11 


All other retai 1 st ores O oooooo 00 oooo o 


31 


2 P 613 


21 


21 


14 


WHOLESALE TRADE <) totalo ooooooooooooooooo 


25 


5 9 933 


15 


78 


X 


Merchant wholesalers oooooooooooooooooo 


10 


1,357 


4 


33 


X 


Othe r type s of wholesale oooooooooooooo 


15 


4 S 576 


11 


45 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES<,2/total 00 o o 


56 


389 


54 


73 


46 


Personal services oooooooooooooooooooo 


36 


+33 


34 


65 


38 


All other service trades 0O 00 00 000 „ » 


20 


156 


20 


8 


8 


XiU 1 IZjIjO ooooooooooooooeooeoooooooooooooooo 


9 


54 


7 


14 


11 


Ai 1U OliilYLciN lOoooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


9 


154 


8 


21 


X 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek e 

2/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment defini rion.— For Census pu 
establishment is defined to include only en 
from a recognizable place of business, provi 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholes 
ment and $500 for establishments in other 
analysis of coverage will be provided in fut 
ness publications. 



may have a consid- 
data, particularly 

rposes, a business 
terprises conducted 
ded that the annual 
ale trade establish- 
trades. A detailed 
ure Census of Busi- 



"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors.-— "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 






RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-046 






COMAL COUNTY* TEX. 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Comal County, Texas, 



showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U«, S. Department of Commerce «. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $14*8 million, an increase of 300 
percent over the $3°7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.9 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $560,000 in 1948 compared with $138,000 in 1939* 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades c Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 918 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948* This compared with a total 
of 575 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Comal County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of New Braunfels. Final figures, supersed- 
ing the preliminary data for Comal County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Comal County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Boreau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1 94-8, 6Y TRADE GROUP 

COMAL COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workveel 


. ended 




Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


rtl-jlii.1 J j liUxUlL, TrOT»aJLo ooooooooooooooooooooo 


' 37 


, 8i«. 


193 


780 


639 


J OOQ grOUp ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


53 


3,019 


c -6 


99 


6^ 


Eating and drinking placesooooooooooooo 


40 


806 


41 


116 


89 


General merchandise grp, general store -a 


9 


2,074 


6 


140 


107 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp D 


11 


541 


12 


27 


21 


AUXfOHlQTfiV© ^T'OXip'o OOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


17 


3,588 


19 


168 


158 


Ly&SOXXTiG S©3T J 'V1C@ STrcLuZLOriSo ooooooooooooo 


24 


605 


24 


39 


21 


Drug and proprietary stores ooo«oo.oooo 


7 


447 


6 


30 


28 


axjl ox* nor* 3?© "csixx s"cor©So ooooooooooooo©© 


36 


3,731 


29 


161 


146 


W flU-JL-CflDii, jjJL litAUJcjo ooooooooo o o oooooooo©oooo© 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,2/totaloooooooooo 


15 


4,433 


16 


58 


X 


50 


560 


54 


80 


75 


& ©rSOHaJL SGI^VXCQS oooooooooooooooooooooo 


26 


237 


27 


56 


55 


AXx OT/flGr* SCrVXC© T*X t 'clQ6So oooooooooooeoo 


24 


323 


27 


24 


20 


TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPSo„o .oo,.oooooo a 


9 


37 


8 


2 


2 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek o 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trade So 



9 r\LL U. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

COMAL COUNTY, TEXo 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total , 
employees-*- 


Full workweek 
employees 


New Braunfels; 

Vhi10JL©3cL1>S Xi/cLClCo ©ooooaooooo 

Remainder of county s 

iteuax»L *cx°au.e © eeo©©©o®©ooooo 


166 
15 

31 


14,066 
4,433 

745 


160 
16 

33 


761 
58 

19 


626 

X 

13 



x Not available* 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series oX releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs an i other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



QbLtf 



u-»jI 






1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-047 



COMANCHE COUNTY, TEXo 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Comanche County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S c Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $9.7 million, an increase of 322 
percent over the $2.3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken B 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $7.4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0*9 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $348,000 in 1948 compared with $120,000 in 1939c 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades • Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 614 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948c This compared with a total 
of 527 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Comanche County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Comanche Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Comanache County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months . Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States, A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Comanche County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 
D Co 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

COMANCHE COUNTY, TEX. 



L 









Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 


. 




1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


. ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


ft.C/1 A-LJ-i IrlAJJil, oObaJL* ...o.....o.e.ee.oo.o. 


194 


9,705 


219 


434 


364 


r OOQ grOUp ...o.«e..........o..e..ow.o.c 


45 


2,108 


53 


47 


31 


Eating and drinking places coco. .0.0 


12 


168 


13 


47 


38 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


15 


1,620 


13 


99 


78 


ApjpcLl GX ^rOUpo ««««««ceo*«oo**ooooooooc* 


10 


361 


13 


17 


15 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 


7 


164 


3 


11 


9 


AUX' OITLO b 1 V6 ^rO\ip • eo*««*««««<>«c0coooe«o« 


18 


1,809 


25 


69 


68 


Gasoline service stations. .. .. u . ...... . 


33 


411 


38 


22 


17 


Lumber- building-hardware group. „ ... ... . 


17 


1,416 


16 


60 


53 


Drug and proprietary stores. .... ...... . 


1C 


484 


13 


28 


25 


aXJ. OUxlCr' rSbcllX S0O1 68 *«««*ec»o«««o*eo 


27 


1,164 


32 


34 


30 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total o«»«««««*»ofi»«o«ooo 


23 


7,400 


22 


126 


X 


i*i8rcn3,nb wno-LGSci-Lcr s •e««c***««*«o»««ooo 


c 


887 


9 


13 


X 




U 


6,513 


13 


113 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total......... 


Ik 


348 


75 


54 


41 


rcrsondx services* «*««««««o««ocwo««o*»u 


44 


215 


41 


44 


33 




30 


133 


24 


10 


8 



c 
c 
L 

f 

D 

5 
2 
x 



x Not available. 
y Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MOR£ 

COMANCHE COUNTY, TEXo 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group - 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Comanche s 

Retail trade , 

Selected service trades, 



Remainder of county s 

Retail trade 

Selected service trades... 



89 
33 



105 
41 



5,511 
203 



4,194 
145 



99 
31 



120 
44 



278 
37 



156 
17 



239 
30 



125 
11 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes frbm the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek* 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Easiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release 



May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-048 



CONCHO COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Concho County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census cf Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3.5 million, an increase of 
192 percent over the $1.2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.4 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $1.1 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $125,000 in 1948 compared with $35,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
169 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 
with a total of 125 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Concho County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Concho County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Concho County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CONCHO COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
bus inesses 
Nov- 19 48 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

r OO Q. group .......oooo... ....... .... 

Eating and drinking places......... 

Gasoline service stations. 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, -^total , 

Personal services ..•••«...., 

All other service trades 



87 
17 
21 
14 
35 

8 

22 

13 

9 



3,491 
698 
397 
375 

2,021 

1,374 

125 
62 
63 



86 
16 
22 
14 
34 



26 

16 
10 



141 
14 
33 
19 
75 



19 
16 



125 

11 

31 
18 

65 



16 

13 
3 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



L 



c 
c 
L 

b 

5 

2 
x 



•*■■ <~ JO 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in £ 
week by employees of the reporting estab 
lishment. 



T948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-049 



COOKE COUNTY* TEX C 

Retail 9 wholesale, and service establishments located in Cooke County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, Uo So Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $18.5 million, an increase of 219 
percent over the #5.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken.. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $7.3 million in 1948 as compared with 
$3.5 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $893,000 in 1948 compared with $251,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,301 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 1,051 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Cooke County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Gainesville. Final figures , supersed- 
ing the preliminary data for Cooke County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Cooke County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

COOKE COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


iX-L; 1 JH. J.J-J ±I\,JxU£j a T/OT'clJL o ooooooooooooccoooooco 
■F OOQ CTOUp ooooooooooeaoeooooeo*oeeooooo 

Eating and drinking places. ........... . 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

AJPP<3-J/ G_L g^i. Ou.JP oeo«oe*ooo*oo«o*o««ooocooo 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp. 
Automotive group . . . . . ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . 

Lumber-building-hardware group ......... 

Drug and nronr ietary stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. ................. . 

Merchant wholesalers. ....... ........... 

Other types of wholesale ............... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRAD ES,2/total. ........ . 


307 
92 
30 

9 

19 
17 
32 
45 
25 
10 
28 
30 

15 
15 
89 
50 
39 
10 


18,453 

4,020 

'679 

1,629 

1,035 

934 

4,240 

1,497 

2,626 

688 

1,105 

7,346 

3,451 

3,895 

893 

591 

302 

86 


323 
97 
33 
6 
19 
16 
35 
48 
25 
13 
31 
27 
12 

15 

108 

46 

1 ? 


989 
107 
166 

129 
58 

57 
155 

73 
135 

64 

45 
183 

98 

85 
129 
112 

17 

5 


812 

82 

123 

8 £ 
48 

46 
148 

66 
122 

57 

35 

X 
X 
X 

119 

103 

16 

3 



X 

Hi 



Not available. 

Includes employees paid for less than the 
See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. . 



full 
chang 



workweek, 
es from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

COOKE COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group' 



Gainesville: 

Retail trade 

Wholesale trade ............ 

Selected service trades.... 
Tourist courts and camps... 

Remainder of county: 
Retail trade. .... 
Wholesale trade ..... 
Selected service trades... 



a « e . 



. o c © r . 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



228 
25 
69 
10 



79 

5 
20 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



16,028 

5,554 

759 

86 



2,425 

1,792 

134 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



244 

21 

83 

7 



79 

6 

25 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 1 



901 

154 

124 

5 



88 
29 

5 



Full workweek 
employees 



751 
x 

117 
3 



61 



x 

2 



x Not available. 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades© 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the Dnited States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately lor each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 ctnsus of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-.. 



CORYELL COUNTY, TEX* 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Coryell County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail, sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $7.8 million, an increase of 200 
percent over the $2.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5«1 million in 1948 as compared wd 
$le6 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $483*000 in 1948 compared with $149,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trade So Establishments in these trades reported a combined total, of 494 p 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948« This compared with a total 
of 371 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939=- 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Coryel] zy t 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Gatesville. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Coryell County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several, months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Coryell County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washing- on 25, D« I 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR !9H8, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

CORYELL COUNTY, TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



OOO.O.Oa«0©aO»OOa 

OOO.Oja.OOCOO.O.OC 

>.eooooaoooQo9 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 
Food group. . . o . . o 
Eating and drinking places 
General merchandise grp, general stores. 
Furniture-home furrishgs-appliance grp, 

AUb OmO v ZL.Ve gr O UP o«.*a..oea. aeoaoo.aeo.a 

Gasoline service stationscocoo*«oac©o.. 
Lumber-building-hardware group . . . o . . . . . 
Drug and proprietary stores ...oo..e..o 
All other retail stores«,..o..oeaceu«..o 

WHU.L-.tjOfi.ij.tii 1HA1/Hjo oeoao... co/« ....oeaaaoeeaa 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, -2/t ot al. .... »..«. 
rersonaJ. services. a....oe..ee..co.oo.o. 
All other service trades. o...9.oa..e.o 3 



209 

79 
14 
9 
8 
IB 
35 
2C 

6 
20 

12 
78 

_2! 



7,793 

240 
624 

436 

1,544 

4C6 

1,134 

241 

818 

- 086 

264 



205 

80 

14 

8 

7 

18 

35 

15 

7 

21 

11 

82 

-ifcO 



366 
k2 

58 
30 

49 
23 

}5 
61 
67 
3? 
28 



30 
37 
50 

x 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employee? paid fo^ than the full workweek* 

2/ See General Description on last page ges from - 39 ^ e 

the coverage of Sei^vice Trades. 



j f/Jjp.* 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



CORYELL COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total „ 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Gatesvilles 

Selected service trades.... 
Remainder of county: 

Selected service trades.... 



94 
38 



115 
40 



5,642 
302 



2,151 
181 



94 
39 



111 
43 



301 
47 



65 
20 



261 

42 



38 
18 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 

the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, -and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognisable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of BUSIHESS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-lP-42-051 



COTTLE COUNTY, T£X Q 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Cottle County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U So Department of Commerce., 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5o5 million, an increase of 175 
percent over the $2 million in 1939, when .the preceding Census of Business was taken c 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1 4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0 o 5 million in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $346,000 in 1948 compared with $107,000 in 1939 o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades „ Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 395 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 D This compared with a 
total of 288 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Cottle County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Paducaho Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Cottle County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and State s c A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Cottle County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Wasnington 25. 
Do Co 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



COTTLE C 


GUNTY, 1 


EX. 










Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid emp 

workweel 

nearest Nov 


Loyees, 
. ended 
15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total ooooooooooooooooooooo 


88 


5,507 


88 


332 


231 


rOOQ grOUp oooooooooouooooooooooooooooo 


22 


1,407 


26 


51 


36 


Eating and drinking places 00 <, u 0o 


7 


120 


7 


49 


28 


Gasoline service stations ooo „ 00 


16 


573 


17 


29 


28 


All other retail store s » o 


43 


3,407 


38 


203 


139 


WHOLESALE TRADE oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


9 


1,424 


8 


28 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , &t ot al„ oa . . « . 


24 


346 


27 


35 


34 


A ""SOilctX SSrVlCcSo OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


12 


162 


15 


21 


20 


All other service trades QO <. ° » „ »o 


12 


184 


12 


14 


14 



x Not available'o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trade s e 






Qom 



: 
c 
c 
L 

I 



5 

2 

X 



" 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

COTTLE COUNTY, TEX„ 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Paducah; 












ItGOcllX 0T"ciQ6 OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


81 


5,383 


80 


315 


221 


Selected service trades„.„o 


24 


346 


27 


35 


34 


Remainder of countys 












ItCiljCiXX Irduc OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


7 


124 


8 


17 


10 



1/ See ^n^ralTDescription on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades » 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Eusiness Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups— personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— '"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



f6 66p 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release April 27, 1950 



Release Series BC-IP-42-O52 



CRANE COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Crane County, Texas, showed a substan- 
tial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary- 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business re3eased today by the Bureau of the Census, 
Uo So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3.0 million, an increase of 233 
percent over the $0 e 9 million in 1939., when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$87,000 in 1948 compared with $41,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 141 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 96 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Crane County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Crane County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Crane County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C„ 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CRANE COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 



00000900000000 O 



Qooec«06ooooo(f»oocoo*«toeooo 



0* 



Food group o. 

Eating and drinking places. ....... 

Gasoline service stations. .......... . . . 

All other retail stores.. ....... . ..... . 

J SELECTED SERVICE TRADES^/. . . . . . . . o . . . . . o . 



49 

9 

6 

7 

27 

15 



3,000 

654 

167 

332 

1,847 

87 



51 

8 

7 

8 

28 

19 



124 

20 

19 
15 

70 

17 



102 

15 
19 
13 
55 

13 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



v 
c 
c 

IC 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



GENERAL INSCRIPTION OF PRELIMIW . . 

1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census oi Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kmd-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1943 with 19 at a , with 

respect to establishme 

Establishment defi _ Census 

purposes, a business es* 
defined to include only ente 
ducted from a recognize p .ce : 

business, provided that the annual sale; 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholes le 
trade establishment, and '500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be pj led 
future Census of Business publicatii ns. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business :,■•.- 
panics or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of plat ss 
in business at the end of 1948 
administrative and executive c . of 

multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs anri ctr 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and exci. 
taxes collected from customers an •.; 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. ~ "Active proprietors, . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on tl 
pay roll for the pay period ending v - 
est November 15, 1948. "Full * week 8 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least 
number of hours typically ^r,j:'--d in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

iUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



E 
S 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-053 



CROCKETT COUNTY, TEXo 

Retail and service establishments located in Crockett County, Texas, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, 
Uo So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3o7 million, an increase of 
208 percent over the $1.2 million in 1939 s when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts total- 
ing $120,000 in 1948 compared with $55^,000 in 1939 . 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between .1939 and 1948 
for the above trades,. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
206 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15? 1948 This compared 
with a total of 139 employees reported for the week of November 15? 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Crockett 
County, Texaso Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Crockett County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months „ 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States „ A single copy of the preliminary release for Crockett 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

CROCKETT COUNTY, T3X„ 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE. 



ooooooeooooooooooooo 



Food group . o • 

Eating and drinking places 

All other retail stores.,. 



eeoooooooeo-oooooooooooooo 
oeeoeooeooooo 
o»oo»«»*ce#»e 



SELECTED SERVICE TRAD 



ijtX".* .en. n o « » .■ • • • • 



44 

16 
5 

23 

11 



3,739 

870 

221 

2,648 

120 



46 

18 

5 

23 

10 



178 

19 

40 

119 

28 



153 

17 

35 

103 

23 



Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek „ 
'5ee General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
the coverage of Service Trades,, 



?ori¥- 



\ 
c 
c 
n 

1 

6 
5 
2 
x 



«. L 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses, were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the eitil of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



T948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

■UREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release 8erles BC-lP-4?-OV 



CROSBY COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and wholesale establishments located in Crosby County, Texas, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-8 according to preliminary 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, 
Uo S. Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated $7.6 million, an increase of 
280 percent over the $2.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5.4- million in 194-8 as com- 
pared with $1.4- million in 193 9 o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 194-8 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
4-77 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 194-8. This compared 
with a total of 216 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Crosby 
County, Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Crosby County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Crosby 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census,, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

CROSBY COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total , 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


XuljI li. — 1_j llLrLUlj n lO uai. 0.0.0.0000000000000000 
r OOQ grOUp oooeooeoooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places ...000000.000 
Gasoline service stations 0.000000000000 
& 1 jl oner r eoaxj. scores 0000000000000000 

"IlUi i")0/i. 1 1" i J. LxjWJIlj 00000000000000000000000000 


126 

35 
12 
22 

57 

33 


7,558 

2,033 
310 
589 

4,626 

5,434 


132 

38 
12 
20 
62 

23 


330 

50 
50 

34 

196 

147 


270 

35 

46 

31 

158 

X 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 



L 



""PxriBss 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be. taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 




1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment .count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and S500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment . 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release April 27, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-055 



CULBERSON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Culberson County, Texas, showed a 
substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. So Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $2.0 million, an increase of 186 
percent over the $0,7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$48,000 in 1948 compared with #16,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades „ Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 115 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948„ Tnis compared with a total 
of 77 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Culberson 
County, Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Culberson County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of 
the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Culberson County 
as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

CULBERSON COUNTY, TEX. 



— — — — , . . . 

Trade group and kind of business 

■ 




Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 

and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE ^ total, oooooooooooo.ocooooo 

V U\JLX grOUpo o«ooooooeoooooooo*« oooooooon 

Eating and drinking places ...... . . . . . „ . 

Gasoline service stations. ............ . 

All othe r retail store s ............... . 

SELECTED SEltVICE TRADES^/. .. ............ . 


60 

7 
20 
16 
17 

8 


2,017 

394 
244 
529 
850 

48 


51 

5 
19 
14 
13 

9 


114 

10 

49 
22 

33 

1 


101 

7 
42 
22 
30 

1 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full work reek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 

1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series, of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in tht standard ciassixieation of 
the service trades,, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect tc establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but aot for »rade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees... " represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether tegular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



ara 



•Xii'-'i; 




1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 4.2-056 



DALLAM COUNTY, TEX 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Dallam County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194.8 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
it he Census, U S Department of Commerce 

i Retail sales in the county during 1943 aggregated $9,9 million, an increase of 231 
:• percent over the $2,6 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $10,2 million in 1943 as compared with 
$0,8 million in 1939, The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $4.03,000 in 19^8 compared with $192,000 in 1939 c 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1943 for 
the above trades,, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 604 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1943 , This compared with a total 
of 390 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Dallam County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the part of the city of Dalhart located in Dallam 
County c Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Dallam County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States, A single copy of the preliminary release for Dallam County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C, 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

DALLAM COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



OOo OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
O OOOOOO OOOOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOO oo 
OOOOOOOOOOO 



. 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 
Food group. 

Eating ana drinking places,. 
General merchandise grp,general stores, 

AppaXcJL g^JTOTXpo 0O000000OOO0©OO0O*COO0OOO 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appllance grp, 

A-.1 vOUlv,, Tj X V © £> O Up o ooooeooooooooooooooooo 

Gasoline service stations, „ ,,, „„, ,, . , e 
Lumber-building-hardware group. 
Drug and proprietary stores 

WirolESALE e TRABEf total^ 6 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale, , 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,2/total 

A*ci DL/IlcL-i. i?cI V X C" Ooo ooo«ooooo*oooooooooc 

All other service trades 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 



OOOOOO 

oooooooo 
oooooooooooo 
00 oooooooo OOOOOO 
ooeooooooooaoooooo 

OOOOOOOOOVOOOCQCOCe 
OOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 
OOOOOOOO 



0OOOCOOOO0»OOOO 
O OPOOOOOOOOOOOOQO 



156 

23 

28 

7 

6 

7 

19 

24. 

22 
21 
7 
14 
35 
23 
12 
10 



9,897 

2,000 

'539 

769 

316 

263 

2,238 
327 

1,537 
388 

1,020 
10!207 

2,693 

7,5H 

403 

301 

102 

72 



23 

25 

o 

6 

6 

21 

19 

12 

6 

21 

13 



25 
12 



I" 7 ? 
42 
71 
41 
10 
13 
75 
36 



35 






• 




- 


X 


- 


X 


> 


X 


> 






9 




4 





x Not available, 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workwee' 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage cf Service Trade 



■^ l*vJ \JX 



33 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



DALLAM COUNTY, TEX 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
u' incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total -i 
employees 


Pull workweek 
employees 


Dalhart (part)s 

XtO u cLUL bx 3U6 oooooo oooooo 

Remainder of county s 

rCe 1J3JL-L uI*H.Q.e ooooooooooo 


130 
26 


Oj ob2 

1,015 


121 339 
24 45 


342 
36 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
business information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups — personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters." Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 
ices. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and 1500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

Number of establishments" is the number of .separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in buciness at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers End paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. —"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 CtnSUS Of BUSINESS 



1 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES « 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 29, 1950 Release Series BC-1P- cA-O^ff- 



DALLAS COUNTY, TEX* 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Dallas County, Texas, 
shoved, a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19*1-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, Uo So Department of Commerce o 

Retail sales in the county during I9W aggregated $708,500,000, an increase of 
276 percent over the $188,500,000 sales in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business 
was taken* Wholesale sales volume in the county showed a 358 percent rise over the 
same period, reaching a total of $2,197,600,000 in 19^8 as compared with $1*79, 800,000 
in 1939= The service trades included in the Census of Business reported receipts 
totaling $59,500,000 in 19^8 compared with $15,300,000 in 1939<> Amusement businesses 
in the county recorded receipts of $10,500,000 in 19^8 „ No comparable figure for 
1939 is available o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the trades covered by the Census of Business » Retail trade establishments 
reported 39*983 paid employees fot.-the workweek ended nearest November 15* 19^8 e Of 
these, 3^869 worked the full week, and the remainder part of the weeko The 
comparable total and full workweek figures for 1939 were 2^,268 and 20, 9760 Whole- 
sale trade establishments reported a total of 25,l68 full- and part-week employees for 
the week of November 15, 19^8, compared with 13,391 for the same week in 1939 » For 
the selected service trades, November 15, 19^8, paid employees numbered 10, 183s the 
comparable figure for 1939* adjusted for change in scope between the two Censuses, 
was 6,6630 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Dallas County, 
Texas o The report also contains data for the cities of Dallas, Highland Park, and 
University Parko 

Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Dallas County, will be included 
in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months „ Similar data will 
be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
States o A single copy of the preliminary release for Dallas County as well as an 
order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the 
Census, Washington 25, Do Co 



l 



■ >-• u o 01 






Page 2 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

DALLAS COUNTY, TEX„ 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total, 



OO*O»0OOOOOOOOAO*O0CO 



ooo ♦oooooeooeooooootfoooo 



o o o o o 



Food group . 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores , 

/VPjJcLjr 61 §X UUjp °° »<?0 • C c 0CCOOCO00OOQ3C0C0 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations » . . . • 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores . 

All other retail stores . . 



oooooooeeooeodoovooooee 
oooo»e*oo 
000000000 

000*0000000 

oo»0cooooooooo 



WHOLESALE TRADE, total 



OOO o ©oooaoooooooooo 



ooo0o«e«0ao 



C O © • 



Merchant wholesalers, total . 
Groceries, foods . , 
Dry goods, apparel 0O 
Hardware, elec'l, plum'g and heat'g 8 » 
Maeh"y,equip 7 t, industrial supplies,, <> 
Automotive parts, accessories,, <> 
All other merchant wholesalers. 



oooooooooooooooo 



o o o o o o 



» o o o o o o 



Manufact'rs" sales "branches, offices 00 
Petroleum hulk plants, terminals 
Agents, "brokers (merchandise )o . . 
Assemblers of farm products 



o © o o o 



o o o o 



O0OOOOOOOO9O 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, -'total 



ooooooeeoo 



Personal services «<,.. «..•».,.•»•<,•. <>.».. 

£> UD XX1*5 S S ScrVlCCD O^OCrOO-OOO-OOOOOOOOOGOOO 

Automotive repairs and services ........ 

Other repair services <,».,. , <,<,oooa«o<»<,» 



HOTELS 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS =. 

AMUSEMENTS 



oooooooooooooooooooooooocooooooo 



©00OOC0OOOO0OOO 



cooooaooooooooooooooooooouooc 



5,928 

1,306 
1,^29 
233 
336 
312 
274 
603 

259 
219 
957 



700,5*5 

129>-708 

45,818 
156,338 
63,283 
37,075 
119,049 
27,304 
47,291 
23,325 
59,35^ 



,766 2,197,642 



896 

103 

52 

97 

212 

83 
3^9 

413 

27 

382 

48 

2,655 

1,473 
263 

527 
392 



837,952 
93,178 
36,129 
70,416 
76,605 
35,996 

525,628 

963,te 
25,732 

340,433 
30,092 

59,521 

26,004 

12,639 

11,907 

8,971 



5,421 

1,168 

1,417 

162 

251 
296 
267 
635 
196 
198 
831 

1,178 



6 

44 

387 

50 

2,677 

1,^85 
238 

" 554 

; 400 



39,983 

3,913 

7,062 

11,658 

2,978 

2,977 
3,088 
1,674 
1,642 
1,772 
3,219 

25,168 



691 


13,843 


110 


2,216 


42 


845 


67 


1,774 


132 


2,268 


71 


1,559 


269 


5,181 



9,884 

279 
820 



10,183 

6,222 

1,565 
1,285 



Data withheld to avoid disclosure 



82 
201 



1,958 
10,501 



66 
127 



279 

,329 



34,869 

2,9^5 
6,240 
9,828 

2,553 
2,871 
2,961 
1,487 
1,566 
1,562 
2,856 



x 
x 

X 
X 

X 
X 

X 



X 

9,288 

5,612 
1,402 
1,210 
1,064 



I ; e 



x Wot available, 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades » 



f/f/f 



^m 



w^m 






Page 3 
Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

DALLAS COURT?, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
hilars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, wo.kweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Dallas % 

Retail trade <, » <, 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades „ 

Hotels 

Tourist courts and camps 00 o 



o o » oooooooooo 
ooooooooooooo 

o o o o 

oooooooooooooooooooooo 



OOOOOOOOOOOOO 



Highland Parks 

Retail trade 
Wholesale trade » „ 
Selected service trades 
Amusements 



oooooooooeoo 

OOOOOCOO©«« 

o o o a 



4,66o 
1,669 

2,214 
100 

59 
158 



51 



1 O © 0000 ooot>oooo©ooo 



0000 



.K€S M9.J.JL XrSQ.© 00000000000 

Wholesale trade 
Selected service trades 



00000 



000 000000 



3/ 
Remainder of countys 

Retail trade „ <> 

Wholesale trade. 

Selected service trades „ <> 

Tourist courts and camps <, 

Amusements , 



0000 



00000000000 



OOOOOOOOOOOOO' 



625,397 

2,154,953 

54,190 

11,467 
1,635 

8,997 



10,203 

10,691 

560 



4,190 

1,088 

2,213 

70 

48 

88 



35 
4 

18 



36,062 

24,585 

9,282 

2,328 

230 

1,127 



559 

17 

139 



Included with "Remainder of county" 



108 

13 

54 



10,95^ 
4,008 



90 

14 
49 



649 
28 

2'i4 



Included with "Remainder of county" 



61,991 
27,990 

3,460 

323 



372 
23 

43 




31,590 

8,482 

2,175 

223 

x 



455 

X 

124 



526 

x 

222 



x Not available o 

l/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trad#© 

2/ Includes employees paid for less "than the full workweeko 

3/ Except as indicated above, includes figures for establishments, other than whole- 
sale, not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establish- 
ments not located in cities of 5,000 inhabitants or more 



1 



-• V*VAW»J 



' * -* / W \*ll ^ 



13 01 Business 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-058 



DAWSON COUNTY, TEXc 
and service establishments located in Davson County, Texas, 



Retail, wholesale, 



showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. So Department of Commerce o 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $18.6 million, an Increase of 
323 percent over the $4.4 millim in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $10*9 million in 1948 as 
compared with $2.2 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $1.0 million in 1948 compared with $0.2 million 
In 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-yeax period between 1939 &®& 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
1,206 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15? 1948. This compared 
with a total of 705 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Dawson 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Lamesao Final figures, super- 
seding the preliminary data for Dawson County, will be included in a Bulletin for the 
State of Texas to be issued in several months <> Similar data will be made available 
this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States . A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Dawson County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 

XJ o 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

DAWSON COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total. ........ 

Food group. ........ ....... 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Aj)j)Qr@X ^TvUPo OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOG 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp 
Automotive group. .......... 

Gasoline service stations . . . 
Lumber -bu ilding-hardwar e group 
Drug and proprietary stores 
All other retail stores .... 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. 



ooooooooo 

ooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOO 



00000000000000009 

lOOOOOOOO 



'OOOOOOOOO 



OOOOOOOO 

OOOOOOOO 

Lo 00000000000000000 

Merchant wholesalers ...........do..... 

Other types of wholesale. ............. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. ....... . 

X^SXdOHcLX D©JT V 1C€S oooooooeooooooooooooo 

All other service trades, 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS......... 

AMUSEMENTS. .......... . 



0000000 



0000 



18, 562 

3 968 

J?9 

763 
571 
3,960 
1,539 
3,37p 
594 
1,341 

10,877 
2,031 

1,032 
453 
579 

?9 
2M 



■y 



7§ 



12 

14 
10 
28 

£ 

12 
28 
24 

9 
15 

9 

5 



I 



328 

50 
23 

4> 
109 

169 

3 
31 



95 

97 
122 

37 

21 

93 

30 

38 

1 

x 

X 

1*3 

104 



x Not available, 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



»^^^ 6 



• «<=.i*ua o- [ neg3 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

DAWSON COUNTY, TEXc 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



ooooooooooooo 

OOOOOOOOOOO 



Lames as 

- Retail tradeooo 
Wholesale trade* o 
Selected service trades 

Remainder of county? 
Retail trade „ ° . 
Wholesale trade 
Selected service trades <, 



OOOOOOOOOOOOO 

ooooooooooooo 
o o o 



191 
26 



6o 
5 

20 



16,45* 

9,9*5 
896 



2,108 
932 
136 



206 
21 



61 
3 

21 



863 
101 

1*7 



65 

8 

22 



685 

x 

1*1 



60 

X 

22 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 

in the coverage of Service Trades » 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the foil worktreeko 



Census of Business 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



4' A £ L d 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



1 



I 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42=059 



DEAF SMITH COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Deaf Smith County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $10 o l million, an increase of 288 
percent over the $2 6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $13 1 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1 5 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $493,000 in 1948 compared with $148,000 in 1939 . 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 574 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared with a 
total of 336 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Deaf Smith 
County,, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Hereford Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Deaf Smith County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will be made avail- 
able thfs year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States A 
single copy of the preliminary release for Deaf Smith County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D C 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



DEAF SMITH COUNTY, 


TEX 








Trade group and kind of business 

i 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid emp 

workwee 

nearest Nov 


loyees, 
t ended 
. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total. . . 0000 Q ot> . . , . „ 
r uuu. group 0000000000000000000000000000 

Eating and drinking places. 00000 000000 

Gasoline service stations 

All other retail stores 00OOO00OO0OO0oo 


93 

16 

9 

13 

55 


10*105 

2,333 

300 

585 

6,887 


100 

16 
10 
16 

58 


388 
61 
48 
28 

251 


306 
45 
27 
28 

206 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total. . 000 „ . 000 . . 0o oa . 
Merchant wholesalers 
Other types of wholesale eoo . 0000000000 


34 
11 

23 


13,093 

805 

12,288 


31 
13 
18 


119 

31 
88 


X 

X 
X 


• SELECTED SERVICE TRADE S,2/total o GO . 00 . . 
Personal services. 
All other selected trades „ 000 00 o0 0000 


33 
17 
16 


493 
211 

282 


41 
19 
22 


67 
34 
33 


60 
33 
27 


HOT FT S 

0000000000000000000000000000000000 


5 


26 


5 


5 


5 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trade s 



** cmoa , 



J-7J7 lyfineiiB ~ f t-. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF S5.ISISES3 PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CiTiES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



DEAF SMITH COUNTY, TEX. 
(Data omitted lor trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade gr. u 



Hereford s 

J.-6GciXX XcA 0-0.™ o q o O O O O - C O 
MOu "Jo5 OOOOOOOQOOOOQOQOOOO 



Remainder of countys 

it C UO^X.i-. U A CX LZ C^- ,3 O ooooooo o e e • 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



8? 
5 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



9,990 
26 



115 



Active propri- 
etors of 
uninr.orpor -> ed 
businesses 
Nov. ?.3<<6 



94 
5 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees!. 



388 
5 



vorkweek 
employees 



306 
5 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS CF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed k ind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for tue years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, nodical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Cersus purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include cr_y enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cer.3us of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Nnmber of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



<?J.t±_">.r>_ 






1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release 



May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-060 



DELTA COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Delta County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-3 according 
io preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5.0 million, an increase of 233 
percent over the $1.5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.2 million in 1943 as compared with 
$0.6 million in 1939 The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $163,000 in 1948 compared with $154,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1943 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 230 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1943. This compared with a 
total of 231 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 . 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Delta County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Cooper,, Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Delta County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Delta County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D C 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

DELTA COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total* . » ■>« «• <> o oooo c oo. . © « 

£ O UV-1 £jX O Up ©oooo.oo»oao«ooooo.ooo©©ooooo 

Eating and drinking places,, ... . ©...© © © 

Gasoline service stations.. ......... ... 

All other retail stores... ..©.©. 

WX1U J-jHO ii-Lid 1 Xliyjjli ooe»ooooeeeo *o»©«»ococ©ooo« 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,2/. .. o ..... ..... . 


114 

44 

8 

14 

48 

7 
32 


4,960 

1,431 

98 

205 

3,226 

1,208 

163 


114 

48 

9 

14 

43 

6 
34 


242 

47 

17 

14 

164 

19 

19 


191 
33 
17 
11 

130 

X 

17 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



•n'ciues, 



— w , e xyj < y census rt r 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

DELTA COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Cooper I 

Retail trade,. 



ooQO««eeeo« 



Remainder of county? 
Retail trade „. 



e.ooa.o.eoo 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



72 



42 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



4,132 



828 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



73 

41 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total j 
employees 



217 
25 



Full workweek 
employees 



174 
17 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the let of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of mnltiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 




1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, I.950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-06l 



DENTON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Denton County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. So Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $29«9 million, an Increase of 
256 percent over the $8.4 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $9«1 million in 1948 as 
compared with $2.7 million in 1939 • The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $1.1+ million in 1948 compared with $0.4 million in 

1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 2,037 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of l,28l employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 ° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Denton County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Denton. Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Denton County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year in 
preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Denton County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



DENTON COUNTY, TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



! 



• o o o o 



O o o 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 

FOOd grOUp . o .. o ......... „ . . 

Eating and drinking places. 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

Apparel group . . . ....... . . . « ..... ...... ■ 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp, 
Automotive group ... . .................. , 

Gasoline service stations, 
Lumber -building -hardware group , 
Drug and proprietary stores..., 
All other retail stores. ....... 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. . . ... 

Merchant wholesalers ........... 

Other types of wholesale ....... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total . . 
Personal services ...... .. o 

All other service trades... 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS ..... 



o o o o 



O • O O 9 



531 



31 
21 

92 
37 
20 



19 

27 
201 
129 

72 
9 



29,859 
0,036 
1,157 

2 1+64 

2,173 
1,138 
7,230 

2,^33 
2,812 
1,204 

9^064 
4,981 

4,083 

1>U6 

914 



579 
146 

T § 
28 

20 

I 

105 
35 
29 
61 
40 

19 

21 

218 

140 

78 

9 



1,607 
201 
218 
215 
157 

57 
239 
118 

98 
l6l 
143 
164 
101 

63 
266 



kk 
12 



1,215 
134 
171 
132 
112 
42 
231 

£3 

85 

103 

112 



219 

181 

38 

10 



x Not available . 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 

2/ See General Description on last page for 
~ the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business in 



■■«■*'© irades. 



-n-uui LMe TOQO n 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

DENTON COUNTY, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Denton t 

x\€ valX urSQ6 o © o o o o •• • o o o o « • 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades .... 

Remainder of county: 

Wholesale trade 
Selected service trades 


2?2 
22 

117 

259 
24 
84 


20,929 
5,600 
1,033 

8,930 

3,464 
413 


303 

22 

131 

276 
18 
87 


1,272 
110 
220 

335 
46 


945 

X 

183 

270 
X 

36 



x Not available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



, T948 CEnSUS OF BUSIHESS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-062 



DE WITT COUNTY, TEZ. 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in De Witt Countv T^xas 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948" according 
t ? ff^^naJT figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the~Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $20.7 million, an increase of 
234 percent over the $6.2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $11.9 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $3.6 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $902,000 in 1948 compared with $282,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and I048 
: >°Zn\ a ^° Ve ^ rades ' Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
±,3/o paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 
with a total of 1,042 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on De Witt County 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Cuero and the part of the city of 
Yoakum mDe Witt County Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for De Witt 
Innfll' ^ n 6 T ^ Ude * lr V a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several 
for p!: h ^ ar dat ? m11 ^ e made mailable this year in prelijidnary and final form 

r " h p ° + the coun ties ^d States. A single copy of the preliminary release for 
De Witt County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained bv 
writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

DE WITT COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



•00000 



o o e o o • o 



'O.O.. «..•... 



000000000 
ooo.oc.ooooo 



000.0 



RETAIL TRADE, total. . 

Food group, ........ 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group. ........................ 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group. 

Gasoline service stations. 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores.. 

All other retail stores. 

WHOLESALE TRADE.... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, i/ total] 

Personal services....... 

All other service trades 

HOTELS.. 

AMUSEMENTS 111!! 

x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than th 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



oeooeooooooto 



» • * o 



417 
94 
99 
14 
15 
22 
28 
37 
36 
15 
57 
36 

111 

58 

53 

6 

_ 21 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



20,741 
4,856 

1,293 

1,272 

1,056 

803 

3,083 

1,006 

3,550 

578 

3,244 

11,887 

902 

443 

459 

61 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



403 
96 

95 

6 

14 

17 

32 
42 
30 

18 

53 
27 
116 
61 
55 
5 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



1,079 

188 

185 

128 

56 

43 
142 

56 
147 

50 

84 
176 
121 

79 

19 

41 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



887 

135 

141 

97 

*9 

36 

136 

43 

40 

78 

X 

34 

X 



e full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

DE WITT COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data emitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 










1 n A O „ „ 1 a ,-» 


Active propri- 


Paid employees, workweek 


1 
City and trade group 


Number of 
estab- 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


etors of 
unincorporated 


ended nearest 


Nov. 15, 1948 










lishments 




businesses 


Total 


Pull workweek 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


Nov. 1948 


employees 


employees 


Cueros 












It© uctJ — L U r 3.GS oc«oooese*ooooo 


160 


8,426 


) <?j 


• ';£ 


387 


"Wholesale trade « . „ « „ o » . » 


20 


9,207 


15 




X 


Selected service trades, O oo 


a 


377 


43 


k$ 


45 


Yoakum (part)t 












Xtcba.-] — L uraQQo ooooooooooooo 


96 


6,193 


85 


308 


259 


Selected service trades 000 


30 


266 


31 


28 


22 


Remainder of county?!/ 












it© tco,l-L TfX SLQ© OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


161 


6,122 


165 


321 


241 


Wholesale trade • »e <, e o • . • . 


16 


2,680 


12 


72 


X 


Selected service trades 000 


40 


259 


42 


45 


37 



x Not available, 

\J See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 
2/ Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, not located in cities 

of 2^500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities 

of 5 a 000 inhabitants or more,, 



\ 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1983, 
1935, and 1989. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Eatabliahment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" ia the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Salea and receipts.— "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of BUSWESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-lP-h.2-063 



DICKENS COUBTY, TEXo 

Retail j wholesale, and service establishments located in Dickens County, Texas, 
shoved a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the ISkQ Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, Uo So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 19W aggregated $60 2 million^, an increase of 182 
percent over the $2o2 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was takeno 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1*7 million in 19*^8 as compared with 
$0o6 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $289,000 in 19^8 compared with $80,000 in 1939» 

[Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and l$k8 
for the above trades o Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
39^ paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948« This compared 
with a total of 275 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Dickens 
County, Texas o Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Dickens County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months » 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States • A single copy of the preliminary release for Dickens 
County as well as an order blank tor other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census s Washington 25, D» Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

DICKERS COUNTY,, TEX» 



• 






Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 


„ 
* 


Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov. 15, 194 8 


Trade eroup and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 






* 


lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 


L 




(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


\ xvejJ.AJ.1j Xx>AUi!i 9 w^8d,o 000000000000000000000c 




6,218 


99 


£3 


2'''- 


F OO'T. (2^1. ; '-..' : Jpo o <•> d o a 000a a 00000 a a ■■> a a 0000 


28 


1,308 


30 


33 


21 


Eating and drinking places 00000000000000 


11 


17* 


10 


37 


27 


Gasoline service stations 000000000000000 


20 


5^9 


21 


27 


2k 


All other retail stores 00000000000000000 

W 11U JLtcO ALJIm J.MAL/iL 000000000000000000000000000 


50 


M87 


38 


226 


162 


9 


1,76k 


6 


33 


z 


V SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ^total. 000 . . . . 00 

a c*X b©jHS>X iscjrVxCiSS 00000000000000000000000 


kl 


2.89 


*6 


38 


32 


23 


195 


27 


3* 


28 


All other service trades 0000000000000000 


18 


9k 


19 


- 


k 



x Not available c 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades » 



^j~7/- 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 CEHSUS Of BUSINESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-lP-'42-06U 



DIMMIT COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail., wholesale, and service establishments located in Dimmit County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19I+8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, IJ. So Department of Commerce o 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $4o2 million, an increase of 320 
percent over the $1„0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken., 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3°1 million in 19^8 as compared with 
$0.2 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $206,000 in 19^-8 compared with $3^,000 in 1939c 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the above trades., Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of kl6 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8° This compared with a 
total of 186 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Dimmit County, 
Texas o Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Dimmit County, will be 
included in a, Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months o Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States „ A single copy of the preliminary release for Dimmit County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, Do Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 6Y TRADE GROUP 

DIMMIT COUNTY, TEXo 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 19*8 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 
Food group 

Eating and drinking places 
Gasoline service stations 
All other retail stores 



00*0000000*000090*00*0 

OO" ')ocooe>c>o«oo*oo*oc*ooooo»ooo 

o o o o o**o*coooe 

ooooasooooc 

0000*0000*000900 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



000000*00000000*0 



0*0 



2/ 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,'-' total 
Personal services 
All other service trades ...<..<>. 



000*000*0*0 
009030000000*00 

o • o o • e c 



L13 
k6 

14 

13 
kc 

11 

26 
12 
Ik 



AMUSEMENTS.* 



000**009«*00000 



OOOOOOOO 



k, 188 
1, 180 

Ihk 

2?8 

2,586 

3,09s 
206 

161 

10 



108 

Ik 
Ik 

33 



27 

12 

15 



220 
30 
32 

15 
1^3 

16k 
32 

19 



1& 

25 
27 
Ik 

118 



20 

7 

13 



x Hot available o 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -^2 -065 



DONLEY COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Donley County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5°0 million, an increase of 173 
percent over the $1.8 million in 1939, './hen the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
■./hole sale sales in the county reached a total of $787, 000 in 1948 as compared with 
|296,000 in 1939« The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling •'1245,000 in 1948 compared with #108,000 in 1939 o 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 249 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948„ This compa .. r ith a 
total of 258 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Donley County, 
Texas,, Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Donley County, ./ill be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States,, A single copy of the preliminary release for Donley County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C 

Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

DONLEY COUNT!, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total . . . , 

■TOCJU. ^rOU.p# oeoooooeo«oe«oooooo»co«*OQOo 

Eating and drinking places . « . . . , „ . . „ . „ 
Gasoline service stations,, „ „ . . „ <> „ . . . . . 
All other retail stores „ 

WHOLESALE TRADE. ......................... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,£/total. 

Personal services. «.«•........,.. 

All other servj.ee trades... 


87 

19 

5 

19 

44 

9 

32 

20 
12 


4,970 

1,194 
127 
573 

3,076 

787 
245 

163 
77 


83 

18 

4 

16 

45 

11 

35 

21 
14 


2u4 

37 
21 

24 

10 
35 


169 

32 
17 

96 

x 

29 

4 





x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from t.ie 1939 Cem 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establi shrnen t definition. — Fo r Cens us 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . ." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi 
ness in November 1948. 



Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 






1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



' 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- U2-066 



DUVAL COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Duval County, Texas, showed 
J an expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19*^8 according to preliminary 
figures from the 19^-8 Census of Business released today "by the Bureau of the Census, 
' U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $7=2 million, an increase of 95 
percent over the $3=7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken c 
'Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.9 million in 19^8 as compared with 
$1.7 million in 1939* The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $302,000 in 1$H8 compared with $106,000- in 1939* 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9=year period "between 1939 and 19^8 for 
the above trades * Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of l<-53 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. This compared with a total 
of k$2 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 » 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Duval County, 
Texas, which also includes data for cities of Benavides and San Diego. Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Duval County, will be included in a Bulletin for the 
State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Duval County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 






Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

DUVAL COUNTY, TEX. 











Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total ......... 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 
Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 

Gasoline service stations 

Drug and proprietary stores ............ 

All other service trades . , 


2^0 
86 

69 
Ik 

7 
11 

23 
12 
6 
12 
Ik 

39 
26 

13 


7,186 

2,576 

660 

kkQ 

3kh 

rn 
599 
1,171 
368 
21+3 

1,903 
302 

93 
209 


235 

88 

77 
13 

2 
12 
25 

3 

k 
11 

6 

1+6 
29 
17 


383 

82 
95 
39 
27 
38 
31 
38 

23 
10 

29 
1+1 
18 
23 


326 

57 
80 

35 
26 
32 
28 
36 
23 
9 

X 

38 
16 

:: 



x Not available, 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census cf Business 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

DUVAL COUNTY, TEX„ 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Benavides? 












r\6*X0>jLJL XrSCl© oooooo»o«o» coo 


63 


2,031 


63 


126 


113 


Selected service trades o.o» 


10 


53 


11 


1.1 


11 


San Diego : 












I\©T>oL1 X X'lT'clCl© 000000*009 »o«0« 


85 


2,107 


" Sk 


124 


100 


Selected service trades 


11 


k2 


15 


6 


5 ,. 


Remainder of county: 












K6 Oa»X.J_ viCtO.© • OOOOOOf. *o»ooo» 


92 


3,0kQ 


88 


133 


113 


Selected service trades 


18 


20? 


20 


2k 


22 


1/ See General Description on this page 


for changes 


from the 1939 Census of Business 


in the coverage of Service Trades,, 








2/ Includes employees paid for 


less than 


the full wo 


rkweeko 







GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
off ices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 cehsus of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CEHSUS 






For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-067 



EASTLAND COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Eastland County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $22.5 million, an increase of 221 
percent over the $7.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $13 » 5 million in 1948 as compared with 
$3.3 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1,5 million in 1948 compared with $0.4 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,588 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 . This compared with a 
total of 1,020 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Eastland County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Cisco, Eastland, and Ranger c Final 
figures, superseding the preliminary data for Eastland County, will be included in a 
Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be 
made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Eastland County as well as an 
order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the 
Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

EASTLAND COUNTY, TEX e 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total......... 

Food group. 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

Apparel group. 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automotive group. 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total.. 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total 

Personal services 

All other service trades 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 

AMUSEMENTS 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



425 
88 
43 
29 
19 
30 
41 
88 
25 
21 
41 
41 
18 
23 
175 
103 
72 
13 
15 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



22,507 

5,938 

898 

2,579 

911 

825 

5,003 

1,489 

2,322 

735 

1,807 

13,503 

4,789 

8,714 

1,524 

649 

875 

48 

121 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



403 
84 
45 
15 
18 
22 
38 
92 
26 
26 
37 
28 
10 
18 

174 
99 
75 
12 
12 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total 
employees 



1,076 

170 

167 

186 

38 

34 

181 

96 

86 

68 

50 

284 

128 

156 

228 

149 

79 

2 

Ik 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



890 

123 

137 

151 

31 

25 

174 

73 

78 

54 
44 



x 

211 

136 

75 

2 



x Not available. 

l/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

EASTLAND COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Pull workweek 
employees 



Cisco? 

Retail trade. 

Selected service trades... 

Eastland? 

Retail trade .............. 

Selected service trades... 

Ranger ? 

Retail trade .............. 

Selected service trades... 

Remainder of county? 

rceuaxx Trade. ............. 

Selected service trades.. 
1 



109 
53 



85 



101 
39 



130 

78 



5,854 
438 



109 

58 



278 
81 



6,258 85 228 

Included with "Remainder of county" 



5,043 
329 



5,352 

757 



86 
36 



123 

80 



322 
57 



248 
90 



230 
73 



201 

260 
55 



199 
83 



See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 19 39 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition.— For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness' locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



?066* 



tation, 



aa rvice trw»«t 



these exci 






7948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-068 



ECTOR COUNTY, TEX* 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Ector County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $42.7 million, an increase of 374 
percent over the $9.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $76.0 million in 1948 as compared with 
$10.4 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $2.6 million in 1948 compared with $0.5 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 3,089 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 1,336 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Ector County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Odessa. Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Ector County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas 
to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year in prelim- 
inary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of the prelim- 
inary release for Ector County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be 
obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ECTOR COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group. 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group. 

Furniture-home furnisngs-appliance grp 

Automot ive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber- building-hardware group. 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers 

Manufact'rs* sales branches, offices.. 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES 1 2/ total 

Personal services 

All other service trades 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 

AMUSEMENTS 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 
2/ See General Description on last page 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



412 

75 
80 

11 
19 
22 
26 
52 
28 
23 
75 
80 



ft 

58 
28 
H 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



42,735 

10,280 
2,808 
2,001 
2,361 
2,467 
8,556 
3,150 
f,247 
1,437 

7&,'036 

12 987 
3,910 
2,568 

1 l77 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



424 
82 

87 

7 

18 
26 
29 
58 
21 
28 
68 
28 
21 



166 
92 
oS 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees ' 



1,853 
261 
438 
166 
109 
82 
260 
196 

144 

9o 

101 

148 

44 

393 

300 

93 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



the full workweek, 
for changes from the 



1,610 
213 
383 

105 
100 
30 
258 
168 

^ 5 
83 

85 
x 
x 

X 



37 
287 
89 

33 
x 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.—CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

ECTOR COUNTY, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees^ 



Full workweek 
employees 



Odessa? 

Retail trade oe .<. 

Selected service trades 
Tourist courts and camps 

Remainder of county s 

Selected service trades* «> 
Tourist courts and camps e 



oooeeeooQ 



359 

124 

22 



53 

20 
6 



40, 138 

2,342 
297 



2,597 



226 



364' 

134 

21 



26 

6 



.,741 

377 
26 



112 

16 

7 



1,510 

362 

26 



100 

14 

7 



y See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Eusiness 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Easiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees oa the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census OF business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-069 



EDWARDS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Edwards County, Texas, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, 
U, S„ Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1943 aggregated $1.3 million, an increase of 160 
percent over the $0.5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$32,000 in 1948 compared with $19,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 64 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 5A employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Edwards County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Edwards County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Edwards County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

EDWARDS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kiud of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 194 8 



Total 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total, 



Food group. 

Eating and drinking places, 
Gasoline service stations., 
All other retail stores..., 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES 



2/. 



37 

11 
7 
5 

14 

8 



1,279 

490 

82 

100 

607 

32 



35 

13 
7 
4 

11 

10 



60 

14 

10 

8 

28 



58 

14 

10 

8 

26 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



los-m- 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census, fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census, — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . —"1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census cf Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-070 



ELLIS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Ellis County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 bo 1948 : -ing 
to preliminary figures from the 1939 Census of Business released today by the " : 
of the Census, U. S. Department- of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $30*8 million, an increase cf 
228 percent over the $9*4 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of I es was 
taken. Wholesale' sales in the county reached a total of $16.1 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $7*9 million in 1939* The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $1.5 million in 1948 compared with $0.5 million in 1.92 

Employment in the county also rose over the $~year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,929 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 1,447 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939» 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Ellis County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Ennis and Waxahachie. Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Ellis County, will be included in a Bulletin for 
the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available 
this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Ellis County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 
D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

ELLIS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 







Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 




1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 


Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


estab- 




unincor- 






lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 




30, 


602 


1, 


1,3 


180 


V 


184 






BC 


i, : 


/ / 




: c : 


38 


2,592 


28 


310 






1,C 










1, 


27 








5, 


54 








2, 








■ 


4, 


41 






20 


1, 




88 






1,' 










16,102 




122 


v 




2,793 




^e 


x 


10, 




X 




2, 






X 




1, 








13 C 


926 








.__. 


, 


*5 







RETAIL TRADE, total. ..••••..«.:.. ....«..« 

Food group. 

Eating and drinking places ............. 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

Apparel group ............ o. c • .«....« »», 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appiiance grp t 

Automotive group. . „ .. ............ . 

Gasoline service stations....... 

Lumber-building-hardware group. . 

Drug and proprietary stores..... 

All other retail stores t 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total.. 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals 

Assemblers of farm r 

Other types of wh Le ....... < 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, £.< total. . . 

Personal services ............... 

All other service trades........ 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employee? paid for less than the 
2/ See General De?<- r ip + :on on last page for 
the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek. 
changes from the 






Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

ELLIS COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees* 



Full workweek 
employees 



««•«».. 



Ermis: 

Retail trade 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades, 

Waxahachie : 

lXGX"cLl-L oxacid© • ••««••••••< 

Wholesale trade , 

Selected service trade., 



Remainder of county: 2/ 

Wholesale trade 

Selected service trades.... 



165 
15 
54 



206 
27 
75 



238 
18 
76 



9,049 

7,551 

383 



14,220 

4,993 

648 



7,493 
3,558 

472 



162 
16 
5& 



200 
24 
84 



240 

13 

80 



445 
38 
78 



752 

49 

129 



358 
35 

45 



334 

x 

73 



596 

x 

11.8 



243 

X 

37 



x Not available. 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 

the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, not located in cities of 

2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities of 

5,000 inhabitants or more. 






GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935. and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



catl °\"\ "number ol 



** 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 Release Series BC-1P- L2-071 



EL PASO COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in El Paso County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19^8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce* 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated ^159.7 million, an increase of 
276 percent over the $^2.5 million sales in 1939* «*hen the preceding Census of Eusine 
was taken « Wholesale sales volume in the county showed a 29^ percent rise over the e 
period, reaching a total of $217.2 million in 19^8 as compared with $55.1 million ir. 
1939» The service trades included in the Census of Business reported receipts totali: 
$7°^ million in igk8 compared with $2.9 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 a "d 19^8 for 
the trades covered by the Census of Business. Retail trade establishments reported 
10.; O33 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. Of these, 
8,^36 worked the full week, and the remainder part of the week. The comparable total 
and full workweek figures for 1939 were 5,933 and ^,752. "Wholesale trade establishme. 
reported a total of 3,9^8 full- and part-week employees for the week of November 15, 
19^-8, compared with 2,139 for the same week in 1939' For the selected service trades, 
November 15, 19^8, paid employees numbered 1,6V7; the comparable figure for 1939* 
adjusted for change in scope between the two Censuses, was 1,333.* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on El Paso Coxra 
Texas. The report also contains data for the city of El Paso. 

Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for El Paso County, will be inclu." 
in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data wi 
be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
States. A single copy of the preliminary release for El Paso County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C. 



f/^/V 



Page 2 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

EL PASO COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 



Food group . . 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group 

Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber -"building-hardware group. ....... 

Drug and proprietary stores ........... 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. 

Merchant wholesalers, total 

Groceries, foods 

Dry goods, apparel. ................. 

Hardware, elec'l, plum'g and heat'g. 
Mach'y, equip' t, industrial supplies 
Automotive parts, accessories. . .... . 

All other merchant wholesalers...... 

Manufact'rs" sales branches, offices.. 
Agents, brokers (merchandise) . ........ 

Other types of wholesale. ............. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,^/ total. ........ 

Personal services 

Business services. .................... 

Automotive repairs and services. 

Other repair services 



ooco«o»*« u 



HOTELS . 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS. 

AMUSEMENTS .......... 



L,936 

603 
444 

53 
82 

79 

84 

188 
81 

64 
258 

333 

228 

^7 
14 

23 
hi 

18 

79 

^7 
32 
26 

527 

312 
32 

85 
98 



50 
4l 



159,718 

3^,328 

11,^35 
29,012 
12,821 

9,870 
28,330 

5,845 
10,778 

6,23^ 
11,065 

217,228 

128,559 
31,879 

3,421 
27,638 
15,300 

4,149 
46, 172 

6o,2l4 
14,105 
1^,350 

7,365 

4,527 

617 

1,020 

1,201 



1,904 

620 

445 
32 
57 
99 
86 

194 
76 
5h 

24l 

241 

184 
56 

14 
8 

36 
11 

59 



30 
27 

542 

311 
3^ 
91 

106 



10,033 

1,048 

1,875 
2,812 

753 
597 
1,067 
356 
412 

571 
542 

3, 9^8 

3,155 
798 
123 
656 
510 
191 
877 

609 

3^ 
150 

1,647 

1,230 
142 
110 
I65 



8,436 

883 

1,644 

2,021 

634 

577 

1,016 

287 

380 

521 

^73 



x 

X 
X 
X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 



1,5^0 

1,183 
113 

101 
143 



Data withheld to avoid disclosure 4 



1,3^5 
2,222 



48 
32 



240 

293 



226 



x Not available. 

l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek© 

2/ See General Description, on. last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



?/£f6 



Pa* 

Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

EL PASO COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 194 8 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees ' 


Pull workweek 
employees 


El Paso; 


1,^71 
316 
448 

45 

465 
17 
79 


141/920 

212,216 
6,828 
3,354 

17,798 

' 5,012 
537 


1,422 
222 

462 
24 

482 

19 
80- 


9,135 
3,86o 

1,565 
817 

898 
88 
82 


7,702 


Selected service trades. . . . 
Remainder of county t 

Selected service trades .... 


1,- 

y. 



x Wot available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Businesi 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



v 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was takes under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1983, 
1936, and 1989. 

Scope of the Centum. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
(•roups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1989 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included is the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. Is a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 19S9 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Eitabliahment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of SB, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $600 for establishments in other trades. 1 detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of mnltiunit organisations, and "chain store' warehouses. 

Salei and receipt*. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs aad other serv- 
ices to customers. Th,e figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods asd allowances, but sot for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales aad excise taxes collected from customers aad paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietor*. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners aad 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business is November 1948. 

E«pVor«ient. — "Number of paid employees..." represests all 
employees os the pay roll for the pay period eadiag searest 
November 16, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regslar 
or seasonal, are those who Is the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the somber of hours typically worked 
1* a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



v lack tint 



»uc nn otMiisiiis oi nnsmpss 



3>. 



T 






- 



1948 census of business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8. 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42 072 



ERATH COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Erath County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U„ S, Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated &13..4 million, an increase of 253 
percent over the S3 8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1,9 million in 1939, The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $547,000 in 1948 compared with $198,000 in I939» 

Employment in the county rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for the 
above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 752 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948,, This compared with a total 
of 740 employees reported for the week of November 15$, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report- on Erath County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Dublin and Stephenville. Final 
figures, superseding the preliminary data for Erath County, will be included in a 
Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be 
made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
States c A single copy of the preliminary release for Erath County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D, C 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



ERATH COUNTY, TE3 


k 3 














Active 


Paid emp 


Loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie^ 


workweek 


. ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 


(Thousand 


porated 
businesses 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


RETAIL TRADE , total , , ooo o „ .<,,<,„ * <> . . . 


237 


13,398 


226 


575 


487 


r U Uvi. £^IOll]J OOOOO OOO 00 o o o o o o o ooooooooo 


48 


2,373 


u6 


65 


43 


Eating and drinking place s , , , . . . , „ „ „ 


19 


369 


18 


67 


52 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


17 


1,543 


10 


122 


95 


rippcii t?X gIOU.p o ooooooooo ooo^ooooooooooo 


9 


318 


6 


21 


17 


Furniture-home furnishgs-apnliance grp 


13 


402 


13 


IS 


16 


Automotive group, , . , . . . . . , . . 


27 


2,694 


30 


65 


64 


Gasoline service stations.,,,.,,,,,,,. 


41 


984 


40 


56 


50 


Lumber-building-hardware group , , . . . „ . , 


24 


1,967 


21 


76 


75 


Drug and proprietary stores.,,,,,,,,,, 


10 


405 


10 


32 


27 


All other retail stores . , , . . . . . . . . „ . . , 


29 


2,343 


32 


53 


48 


WHOLESALE TRnDE, total. 


20 


4,352 


Ik 


6? 


x 


Merchant wholesalers, ... . .. . , , 


8 


1,475 


5 


21 


x 


Other types of wholesale,,,,,,,,,,,,,. 


12 


2,877 


9 


42 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/t ota 1. , ....... 


81 


547 


85 


114 


100 


Personal services . .,........„....„„,., 


49 


368 


52 


94 


S3 


All other service trades,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 


32 


179 


. 


20 


17 


x . Not available., 













1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
"2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2 — CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



ERATH COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Dublin: 

fC6"tj9.1-L trcLQS oooocaeoooooon 

Selected service trades,, „ „ 
Stephenville: 

il.eu3.XX ol^Ce OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

Selected service trades,,, <, 

Remainder of county: 3/ 
n.e'oaxx trace oooooooooooooo 
Selected service trades. oc 


66 
13 

127 

61 

44 

7 


3,295 
88 

9,077 
430 

1,026 
29 


57 
13 

127 

65 

42 

7 


146 
14 

388 

97 

41 
3 


118 

10 

330 

87 

39 
3 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
J}/ Includes figures for establishments not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants 

or more. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
connty in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1989 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade estabUsh- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
off ices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



9* fJS~ 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-073 



FALLS COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Falls County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U, S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $17.8 million, an increase of 249 
percent over the $5.1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1.9 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $856,000 in 1948 compared with $326,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,005 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared wi,th a 
total of 703 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Falls County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Marlin. Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Falls County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year in 
preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Falls County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D C„ 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 



FALLS COUNTY, TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 194 8 



Total , 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total . . . . „ 

Food group. ......... 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group ., , 8 „„ 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group ........ 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. 

. Merchant wholesalers..... 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,2/total 

Personal services. 

All other service trades.. 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 

x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades,, 



f ° 



400 
124 
82 
16 
14 
12 
20 
32 
19 
12 

69 
26 
13 
13 
96 
56 
40 
8 



17,786 

4,157 

970 

1,458 

660 
2,839 

642 
1,775 

491 
4,242 
4,391 
2,976 

1,415 
856 
647 
209 

22. 



353 

110 
73 
6 
14 
10 
22 

31 
13 
12 
62 

23 
10 

13 

101 

57 

1 



789 
133 
146 
114 
33 

107 

oi 

46 
75 

It 

16 
162 

141 
21 

5 



658 
96 

122 
86 
25 
25 

105 
37 
54 
39 
69 
x 

X 

X 

145 

129 

16 

2 



full workweek, 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Fl 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF $,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

FALLS COUNTY, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 16, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Marlin « 

il6 Oall biaUS ooooo oooooooo 

Wholesale trade a <, «, „ . „ • e 
Selected service trades 00 
Tourist courts and camps „ 

Remainder of county: 

Retail trade „ .<,,... . 
Wholesale trade e „ ■> „ . „ o <> 
Selected service trades 00 


178 
11 
52 

8 

222 

15 

44 


10,596 

1 5 408 

668 

39 

7,190 

2,983 

188 


163 

9 

57 

6 

190 
14 

44 


541 

27 

139 

5 

248 
27 
23 


453 

X 

127 
2 

205 

X 

18 



x Not available „ 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal servic es, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen-I 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-074 



FANNIN COUNTY , TEXc 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Fannin County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated &I6.1 million, an increase of 
173 percent over the $5.9 million in 1939 3 when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken,. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5.9 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $2,4 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $639,000 in 1948 compared with $259,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county alsc rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total cf 
1,112 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared 
with a total of 828 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Fannin County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Bcnham<> Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Fannin County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months . Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Fannin County as well as an order blank for 
other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

FANNIN COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workvee) 


l ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


es tab- 




unincor- 








lisbments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


RiIjT AIL TRADE^ tot 3.1 © O oooooooooooooooooo« 


435 


16,091 


438 




701 


"vUU. r^y *. O li. j-J oooooooseoooooooo-oeooooooooo 


144 


5,052 


L47 


135 




Eating and drinking places . ...... . ... . 


41 


503 


47 


124 


93 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


31 


1.960 


26 


206 


110 


ripparSl O P *o©»o«e»«ooo©a«oooo«ooa»« 


17 


441 


20 


29 


20 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


15 


576 


11 


30 


26 


Automotive group „ ........d............ 


26 


2.755 


24 


116 


113 


Gasoline service stations . ... ........ . 


71 


1,112 


70 


55 




Lumber-building-hardware group. ..».„.. 


39 


2,167 


40 


99 


91 


Drug and proprietary stores, . ...... „. . 


19 


702 


22 


60 


50 


All other retail stores,..,.,......... 


;>2 


823 


31 


50 


42 


WHOLESALE TRADE, tot al ...... . .......... . 


34 


5,868 


28 


86 


X 


Merchant wholesalers. .......... . ..... . 


8 


1,274 


4 


31 


X 


Other types of wholesale. .......... ... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, s/total ......... 


26 


4,594 


24 


55 


X 


108 


639 


116 


122 


106 




6u 


U5k 


67 


104 




All other service trades. ... . ........ . 


. _JjA_ 


. iSL 


4? 


18 


12 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 

2/ See General Description on last page f 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



the full workweek 
or changes from the 



i 
4 
9 
.1 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

FANNIN COUNTY, TEXo 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 








1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 


Paid employees, workweek 


1 
City and trade group 


Number of 


etors of 

unincorporated 

businesses 

Nov. 1948 


ended nearest 


Nov. 15, 194 8 


lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Bonham? 












JxCDclI! L urau.e» o'ooooooooooo 


155 


8 S 537 


164 


555 


417 


Wholesale trade u o <, » o „ <> 


16 


3,949 


10 


45 


X 


Selected service trades, „ 


48 


361 


56 


78 


67 


Remainder of county; 












JTLGT/9-J — L L'X cLCJ.6 ooooooooooouo 


280 


7,554 


274 


349 


284 


■ Wholesale trade 


18 


1,919 


18 


41 


X 


Selected service trades e0 


60 


278 


6r 

1 


44 


39 



x Not available 9 

1/ See General Description en this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades „ 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
men t s. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



# J 4 i> 3 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 1*2-075 



FAYETTE COUNTY, TEX» 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Fayette County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, Uo So Department of Commerce ° 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $l6o9 million, an increase of 260 
percent over the $4»7 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was taken « 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $11 „ 5 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2.6 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $596,000 in l$k8 compared with $207,000 in 1939c 

Retail trade establishments reported 821 paid employees for the workweek ended 
nearest November 15, 1948o For the same week in 1948, wholesale trade establishments 
reported 120 paid employees and the selected service trades reported 64 paid employees o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Fayette County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of La Grange <> Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Fayette County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months <, Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States <, A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Fayette County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

FAYETTE COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workwee 


1 ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


JKJqIAHj TKADE , tOtaX ooooo.«o»°oooooooo»oo 


373 


16,912 


356 


821 


642 


£ wv^ gX'Uup 0000000000000000000000000000 


TV 


3 322 


70 


145 


111 


Eating and drinking places 000000000*00 


64 


1,146 


61 


162 


130 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


k6 


2,514 


45 


125 


82 


xi.JjpS.T^'?..A. gJXwU.JJ 000 00000000000 oooooooooo* 


5 


195 


6 


10 


5 


Furniture -home furaishgs -appliance grp 


15 


846 


16 


29 


25 


Automotive group O oo.o. 00000. 0000000000 


26 


2,342 


26 


89 


82 


Gasoline service stations 0000000000000 


52 


1,183 


55 


70 


56 


Lumber -building-hardware group » 0000000 


26 


2,809 


17 


90 


83 


Drug and proprietary stores 00000000000 


17 


5*5 


14 


49 


33 


All other retail stores o.ooooooooooooo 


-8 


2,010 


v6 


52 


35 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total, 00.0.00000.00000, 


31 


11,465 


27 


120 


X 


Merchant wholesalers 


L2 


4,288 


11 


51 


X 


Other types of wholesale 0000000000000, 


19 


L77 


16 


69 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/t otal. . o, . 


B5 


596 


91 


64 


58 


Personal services »o.. e .oo..eoooooo. 


in 


259 


U6 


34 


29 


All other service trades 


Mi 


337 


k? 


30 


29 



x. Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business In 
the coverage of Service. Trades o 



) 

9 
4 

9 
.1 



fl 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

FAYETTE COUNTY, TEX„ 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total r 
employees' 



Pull workweek 
employees 



La Grange; 
Retail trade . o . 
Selected service trades e 

Remainder of county: 

Selected service trades » 



COOOOOOOOOOOO 



o o o o 



Qk 
2k 



289 

61 



5,716 

2k7 



11,196 



3^9 



72 
25 



2Qk 
66 



331 
30 



490 
3^ 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades <, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



272 
29 



370 
29 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSL'S OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multinnit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. —"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



./?-« 



> 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



1 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-076 



For Release Ha y 8, 1930 , 

FISHER COUNTY, TEX. 
Hetail, wholesale, a»d u**. J***-* ^Sflff SS, 
trp^lL^fi^re^o^e^^cSr™ Business released today by the Bureau of 

the Census, U. S. Depart raent ° f ™f ; 8 aggregated ,6.0 million, an increase of 253 
Retail sales in * h ' ?^ y ^£5 \£«. tne preceding Census of Business was taken. 
frrSHIlefin' tte ounty Cached a total of i745,000 in 1948 as compared with 
'5^000 in 1939 The service trades included in the Census of Business recordea re- 

^^y&™* l &5?22V&Z Per between 1939 and 1948 for 
Employment in the county also ro.e o.er tne V 3 P combi ned total of 354 paid 

fmployees forlhe ^^ZTn^Tlo^ r i5 1948 This compared with a total 
of^nmployees.reportec .for ^^<^-»W; £L report on Fisher County, 

These preliminary figures have been «[^^ f Fisher County> wi u be 

Texas. Final figures, su per se ding ^ P-el^inary _ g^^ 

included in a Bui le ^» ^is ytlrln prel^ary aS final form for each of the 
data will be ^available this year in pr^^ ^^ ^ ^^ as 

ITlZ^ortefllkn^oT^lr area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1. -CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

FISHER COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group ■ 

Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations., 
All other retail stores.-.. 



WHOLESALE TRADE 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,^/total. 

Personal services ■ 

All other service trades ■ 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



133 
29 

11 

24 
69 



51 
32 
19 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



5,970 

1,642 

108 

424 

3,796 

745 

312 
210 
102 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek, ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



126 

27 

10 

31 
58 

5 

52 
33 
19 



Total . 
employees 



299 
66 

31 

20 

182 

10 

45 

38 

7 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



233 
49 
24 
19 

141 



42 

35 

7 



x Not available. 

Hi 5?2MSS£ ^l%f^T^l::ZT^ 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of 15,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. -—"Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 cersus of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-077 



FLOYD COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Floyd County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $9.0 million, an increass of 246 
percent over the $2.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4»6 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1.1 million in 1939* The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $579,000 in 1948 compared with $100,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 522 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 352 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Floyd County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Floydada. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Floyd County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States . A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Floyd County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

FLOYD COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total.... 



© © «••«•«• 



Food group. , 

Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations., 
All other retail stores.... 



WHOLESALE TRADE. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total. 



Personal services ........ 

All other service trades, 



136 

31 
14 
19 

72 

20 
62 

34 
28 



AMUSEMENTS. 



9,015 

1,932 

162 

517 

6,404 

4,623 

579 

249 
330 

21 



152 

33 
16 

19 
84 

16 

68 

35 
33 



374 

68 
27 
19 

260 

76 
72 

54 
18 



292 

51 

25 

18 

198 



57 

40 
17 



x ' Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



t • " 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

FLOYD COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
u' incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Floydada % 

Selected service trades.... 
Remainder of county % 

Selected service trades 


79 
38 

57 
24 


5,568 
382 

3,447 
197 


86 

40 

66 
28 


261 
46 

113 
26 


194 
42 

98 
15 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 






GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1946 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
business information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manualj May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups— personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters. - Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 
ices. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition.— -For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and S500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Safes and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers and paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-078 



FOARD COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Foard County, Texas, showed a substan- 
tial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, 
U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3.2 million, an increase of 191 
percent over the $1.1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$98,000 in 1948 compared with $44,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 149 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 119 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Foard County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Foard County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Foard County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918, BY TRADE GROUP 

FOARD COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie^ 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total.... 

Food group 

Eating and drinking places 
Gasoline service stations. 
All other retail stores... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES^/ . 



68 

14 
13 
10 
31 

17 



3,216 

637 

153 

184 

2,242 

98 



62 

10 
13 
11 
28 

17 



135 

18 
27 
12 

78 

14 



111 

14 
19 
11 
67 

11 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



3D33MMQ3^OQEiSEfl«is,<ieg^CpPTI0N OF PREL1MJS/V8Y ^ELE 
**"*> « W <»■» 1948 CENSUS ||j||^P 



respect to establishment count'. ^"^'J* 




This series of releases, of which one 

is planned for each county in the United 

States, presents preliminary res"^|^|Aj^|OJ j 

< ^ — -TheLinioxrl 

*± ti&p¥iiPb ZU&%n*mb$?ls submitted by 

business es talTl'ishnienTs tot " ThaTr-Census^r- 

The figures shown are preliminary,: and WO d ^?5^ d from a reco^iTalStW^p±wcv-xr£' 
~-i^^iL<is\ibj:&C'%^to, : -j:^yi'sio^n~, l i ( fi l the -f iri^al business, provided that the annual sales 
Census; publications;, bJ^^ofnjingfi&Jpe® ^^*'4^eiBffi&feJof I5 V 0,00 f or : a jigh^sale 
.expected to be irelatjveXy minojvwith re- ' trade establishment rand JI5QP /: ipr. p ejs In- 
spect to coverage. The final &nsus llg- c ; lisnments hin-a^hej* , tJ-«(des. , AdeiaiTepV 
v uresrwiM;be issued in 3 series pi Busi- analysis of ..coverage wiU be ,prp,Y^de<r in 



sped 



tablishment definition. — For Census 
piTr prr ^Mi'""'"" a •JriTThrr'TT-r n^irtrl i nhman t i t _ 
define d to inc 1 ude J on-1 y. e h$e r pssaseeHseH^ oj&i 




9i 



. places where there are A c -^ numDer_oj ^Sjt^i^s^mentS^^ cne; 

a Efficient mumbei' of ; establishments/' number^of separate business: J,p f catipns^ 

, 1 {; ' Ji; r, j.,.;. i,ij~j..r. . . ^ . b5 y*v srJo rather than thej^umber npf bvis^ne^s , com- 

,, T% , 19.48 . tfensws of business was' ;_J t akenp pan i es aiflcft o r ga n i z a t ions, , s in^ce)- tlj(ej Xen,- 




Bus i-ne s s, 
years 



ess ,.Censu"s'es.;were . $ akiin £or th%sxsT ifr busijriesasi.at; the, #P^; p£; 1^ 48" excluding 
19^, J933T i935^ : and 1939. [ aJdminist^afciv<ja^ of 



muLtiuni t- organizations , a^nd" rt chain 
store'' warehouses. 



•.to 



Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive; 
Office of the President: all retail 

trades; all wholesale. tradejy^ all^eJYj ^j fleet deductions for returned goods and 
ice trades in the following four groups — 



Sales and receipts .—"1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise. and receipts from repairs and other 
' to customeTs'. The figures re- 



services 



personal seryices,. business*' services, 
automobile repairs and services, -ispup 
miscellaneous repair services: hotels; 
t our ist courts _Jtnd c amps ; and amus emen ts , 
including motion pi ct lire c^beatVrs; ^~rSomeT 
important services not covered aife radio ; 
broadcasting and television, medical and j 
health, legal, 'educational, non-profit, I 
accounting, and domestic services. i 

i : , v r , ! ';., f 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However^, r "cus- ; 
torn trades" and "seryices incidental to- 
transportation," which are ho longer-in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



aiT^anc^s^biifccvjwferdfo 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

B^priet&rs. ~"AcQve proprietors. . . " 

represents* owners »aXd,Jgajrt^eA"«; T oF'uriiH- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of , their time to the busi- 
ness- in November 1948... 



Employment . — "Numbep of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay .period ending near- 
est. November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in e 
week by employees of the reporting estab 
lishment. 



./?-,,„ 



Jm 



1948 CEtlSUS Of BUSINESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-079 



FORT BEND COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Fort Bend County,, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. So Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $24 ,1 million, an increase of 235 
percent over the $7»2 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Easiness was taken, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3 = 9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$3°0 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $853,000 in 19*1-8 compared with $221,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,173 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15* 1948, This compared with a 
total of 959 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Fort Bend 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Rosenberg, Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Fort Bend County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States, 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Fort Bend County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D, C, 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

FORT BEND COUNTY, TEX, 









Active 


Paid emp 


Loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


[ ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 

dollars ) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total . . . . . .......... . . , , . . • 


348 


24,080 


' $3 


999 


371 


P OQCL g!,X Ollip oooooao • 000000000000000000 


77 


4,527 


84 


128 




Eating and drinking places . . . „ » , . . , . . . . 


80 


1,306 


-.-, 


201 


172 


General merchandise grp, general stores. 


24 


2,361 


18 


111 


87 


Apparel group ......... ....... .......... 


12 


657 


1 5 


V. 


29 


Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 


18 


877 


20 


35 


31 


Automotive group .<>.... ..» . .,.«.. ...... 


2.6 


6,730 


24 


213 


2 ye 


Gasoline service stations ,,,,., . . . ... . 


^3 


1,490 


38 


77 


67 


Lumber-building~hardware group, ........ 


26 


3,689 


24 


107 


103 


Drug and proprietary stores .....„.,.,„„ 


8 


387 


8 


41 


39 


All other retail stores ...,,„ ... . ....o. 


34 


2,056 


32 


49 


30 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total ......,.„.....,,„.. 


21 


3,912 


15 


82 


* 


Merchant wholesalers ....„.„„,,....„„,., 


9 


1,607 


7 


48 


X 


Other types of wholesale ...... .„,..„„.. 


12 


2,305 


8 


34 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/total . ......... 


76 


853 


72 


92 


89 


Personal services ........,„„.„.„„„.,.,„ 


35 


251 


33 


44 


41 


All other service trades . ...... ........ 


4l 


60fi 


39 


48 


U 



x Not available . 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
In the coverage of Service Trades, 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

FORT BEND COUNTY, TEX„ 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees* 



Full workweek 
employees 



OO..OO0O0.0 



Rosenberg: 

Retail trade <> . . 
Selected service trades. 

Remainder of county: 

Selected service trades . 



153 
38 



195 
38 



12,099 
319 



11,981 
53^ 



163 
35 



170 
37 



ko 



525 
52 



410 
4o 



k6l 
h9 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades „ 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workveeko 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of Jnne 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. ~ For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-080 



§ FRANKLIN COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Franklin County, Texas, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, 
U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $2.9 million, an increase of 190 
percent over the $1.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling $53,000 
in 1948 compared with $37,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 124 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 106 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Franklin County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Franklin County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preljjninary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Franklin County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

FRANKLIN COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group , 

Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations.. 
All other retail stores.... 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. 

Personal services 

All other service trades 



69 
18 

5 
11 
35 

15 
10 

5 



2,941 

544 

83 

189 

2,125 

53 
43 
10 



80 

19 

5 

12 
44 

15 

10 

5 



U7 
10 
15 
12 
80 

7 

7 



97 

9 

9 

10 

69 

7 
7 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 

1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-081 



FREESTONE COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale ; and service establishments located in Freestone County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $8.0 million, an increase of 167 
percent over the $3.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.7 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.7 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $386,000 in 1948 compared with $100,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 &nd 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 415 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 399 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Freestone 
County, TexaSj which also includes data for the city of Teague. Final figures, super- 
seding the preliminary data for Freestone County, will be included in a Bulletin for 
the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available 
this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Freestone County as well as an order blank for 
other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 
25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 19*18, BY TRADE GROUP 



FREESTONE 


COUNTY, 


TEX. 










Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total. ................. .... 

F UOCi. gxOU.JJo eooooo0eo««ooooeeeeo«4 o o o e • o 

Eating and drinking places. ........... . 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

^ppar ej_ group. o»....oo..oooooo..aooooo. 

Furniture-home f urnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automotive group. ..................... . 

Gasoline service stations....... 

Lumber-building-hardware group. ........ 

Drug and proprietary stores............ 

All other retail stores................ 

WHOLESALE TRADE. „ 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, £/ total. ...... . . . 

Personal services. 

All other service trades. 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS ..... » .......... . 


200 

68 

19 

12 

5 

8 

14 
30 
12 
10 
22 
10 
62 
38 
24 
5 


7,996 

2,195 
227 
644 
250 
240 

1,687 
553 

1,126 
303 
771 

1,650 

386 

266 

120 

15 


194 
68 
19 
10 

5 
10 
13 
31 

7 

9 
22 

9 
60 
37 
23 

5 


341 
60 
42 
40 
14 
11 
64 
39 
24 
25 
22 

9 
65 
54 
11 

1 


278 
48 
34 
30 
10 
10 
61 
27 
23 
16 
19 

X 

56 

47 

9 



Not available, 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.-CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITS OR MOR. 

FREESTONE COUNTY, M. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



Teague ; 

Retail trade O ooooe.oooocc.o 
Selected service trades. ».• 

Remainder of county: 

Retail trade O o o ..oo.ooo.o 
Selected service trade s„ . e 
Tourist courts and camps,.. 



65 
30 



135 

32 

5 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,990 
177 



5,006 

209 

15 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



63 
27 



131 

33 

5 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



144 
42 



197 
23 

1 



Full workweek 
employees 



117 
■ 



161 
16 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business J 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1988, 
1985, and 1989. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1989 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Eetabliehment definition.— for Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
fro^ a recognizable place of business, provided that the .annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent «*?™"*° B 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and "ecutive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

• Sale, end receipt,. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietor.. -"Active proprietors..." repres ents °™f™ "* 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Eomloywent.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whet her regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically « 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 









4?, 



3d were 
worked 

J 



1948 census Of Busings 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-082 



Retail, wholesale, 



FRIO COUNTY, TEX t 
and service establishments located in Frio County « Texas, 



showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to l$kQ according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census , U<» So Department of Commerce » 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $5°4 million, an increase of 
315 percent over the $1„3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken „ Wholesale sales in the county reached a total -of $1„1 million in 194-8 as 
compared with $0 o 2 million in 1939 <> The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $195,000 in 19^8 compared with $^9,000 in 1939 « 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and l^kS 
for the above trades „ Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 303 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8 This compared with 
a total of 178 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Frio County, 
Texas , which also includes data for the city of Pearsallo Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Frio County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State cf 
Texas to be issued in several months . Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States „ A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Frio County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, Do Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

FRIO COUNTY, TEXo 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total 
Food group 

Eating and drinking places 
Gasoline service stations 
All other retail stores 



ooooooooooooo«o*oo*oo 
O«O*O00OO*000OO000O00 

OOO»OO0OO*« 

0000*aO*000 
O O O O • O o •0000000 



OOOOOOOO #00000000 



2/ 



WHOLESALE TRADE.000 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES" 

AMU t>iliFLciJN JL o 0000000*00000000000000 000000000 



OOOOOOOOOOO • o o » O 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



130 

53 
25 
13 
39 

8 

27 

6 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



5,397 
1,528 

3,088 

1,065 

195 

55 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



130 

5^ 
25 
13 
38 

5 

27 

6 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees" 



51 
kk 

29 
13^ 

17 

28 
10 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



c s j 

IK) 

26 

1 38 

x 

24 

x 



x Not available o 

l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek o 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades „ 



4 A L -•■ Z 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

FRIO COOTTY, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade groups 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees* 



Full workweek 
employees 



Pear sails 

Retail trade o.ooo.oooo,,. 

Selected service trades „ 

Remainder of county? 

Retail trade „ . , » . „ . <> o « 
Selected service trades., 



70 

18 



6o 
9 



3,52fc 

173 

1,873 



70 
18 



6o 
9 



167 
25 



91 

3 



156 

23 



77 
1 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades,, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information • is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



may have a consid- 
data, particularly 



rposes, a business 
terprises conducted 
ded that the annual 
ale trade establish- 
trades. A detailed 
ure Census of Busi- 



other changes in the standard classification 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. —For Census pu 
establishment is defined to include only en 
from a recognizable place of business, provi 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholes 
ment and $500 for establishments in other 
analysis of coverage will be provided in fut 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



4%- 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

iUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-083 



GaIULS COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail and service establishments located in Gaines County, Texas, showed a 
substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U S Department of Commerce 6 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $9»8 million, an increase of 216 
percent over the $3d million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken,. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1„7 million in 1948, a decrease from 
the $2.4 million reported in 1939 « The service trades included in the Census of Busi- 
ness recorded receipts totaling #623, 000 in 1948 compared with $144,000 in 193?, 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 ^nc 1948 
for the above trades,, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 482 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 495 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 e 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Gaines County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Seagraves Final figures,, superseding 
the preliminary data for Gaines County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months,, Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and State s 6 A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Gaines County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR IW8, BY TRADE GROUP 

GAINES COUNTY, TEX„ 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRALE, total „ „ „ , , . „ . . . , . . , , , , , , . , 

PUUU. g"OUpo oooooooooooooooooooeoooeoooo 

Eating and drinking places„„o.o,.o.... 
Gasoline service stations,, „ . „ „ . „ . . „ „ „ . 
All other retail stores.,,..,.,.. 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 



s 2.A 



SELECTED SERVICE TRadES ,& total, . ,, . „ . , „ , 
Personal services., , , „ , „ „ , . , . . . . . , . . . . 
All other service trades. , ,„„,.„.,. , . , 



116 
17 
12 
26 
61 

15 

50 
29 
21 



HOTELS 

TOURIST COURTS Ai^D CAMPS„. 



'oooooooooooeoooooooooaooooooooooooo 



OOOOOOOVOOOOOO* 



9,777 

1,923 

330 

937 

6,587 

1,677 

623 
301 
322 

46 

49 



112 
16 
14 
27 
55 

13 

52 
27 
25 

10 

7 



369 
60 
61 
49 

199 

29 

84 
69 
15 

5 

3 



307 
46 
49 
45 

167 



80 
66 
14 



x Not available, 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades, 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

GAINES COUNTY, TEX 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




1 
City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Seagravess 












lXv2 Ld._l__L 01 CXCl \T' OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


51 


3,752 


47 


144 


119 


Selected service trades 00 o 


18 


112 


19 


13 


11 


Remainder of county s 












itG ucxJ — L L»J/cLd6 oooooooooooooo 


65 


6,025 


65 


225 


188 


Selected service trades oo 


32 


511 


33 


71 


69 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades,, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
coanty in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $6, 006 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



^//P 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 Release Series BC-1P^2- 084 

GALVESTON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Galveston County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $115.9 million, an increase of 
279 percent -'over the $30.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken, Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $61.0 million in "1948 as com- 
pared with $33 »9 million in 1939, The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $6 8 million in 1948 compared with $2,1 million 
in 193 9 „ 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 

for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 

8,559 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 

i with a total of 5,628 employees. .reported for the week of November 15, 1939, 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Galveston 
County/,, Texas, which also includes data for Galveston and Texas City, Final figures, 
i superseding the preliminary data for Galveston County, will be included in a Bulletin 
1 for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Galveston County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C " -' 



9/6U 



Page 2 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GALVESTON COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek 


ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


16, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


es tab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total . 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


titll IxX.Li ill/ liJ i'i , LOtcl-L j, ,0000000000. ^oooooro 


1,505 


115,898 


1,434 


6,311 


5,512 


I 1 000. grOU U . o.co«.ooo...oooo .....oocoooo 


323 


26,676 


328 


813 


612 


Eating and drinkj.ng places, ., 80 oo0 . . ... 


507 


13,155 


517 


1,685 


1,527 


General merchandise grp, general stores. 


30 


12,407 


24 


869 


685 


App3,3T*6 X ^I*OU.p « • o • •ocj«»a»oo#o oo oocoe#o©# 


80 


9,414 


57 


574 


510 


Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp. 


61 


8,052 


44 


441 


400 


Automotive group ... ......a.......... •«. 


57 


16,083 


53 


480 


463 


Gasoline service stations. e *•«••». ♦ . . . . 


104 


5,742 


108 


279 


250 


Lumber-building-hardware group, ........ 


53 


10,577 


44 


427 


390 




57 


4,445 


54 


299 


264 


All other retail stores....,..,,.,..,.. 


233 


9,347 


205 


444 


411 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total ........... . ...... . 


113 


61,007 


83 


922 


X 


Merchant wholesalers, total..,..,,.,... 


78 


46,096 


68 


728 


X 


Groceries, foods. .•«••••••..•...••*•. 


27 


9,374 


24 


325 


X 


Mach'y, equip' t, industrial supplies. 


7 


734 


8 


20 


X 


Automotive parts, accessories.,,,.,,. 


7 


996 


4 


62 


X 


All other merchant wholesalers....... 


37 


34,992 


32 


321 


X 


Manufact'rs' sales branches, offices... 


11 


6,121 


- 


99 


X 


Petroleum bulk plants, terminals. , . . . . 


14 


5,960 


8 


51 


X 


Other types of wholesale ,«.,.. .... ...... 


10 


2,830 


7 


44 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE. TRADES ,£/ total, ..•..•••• 


399 


6,830 


404 


1,326 


1,192 


i6 3T*SOricLX S GTVlCc S O OO oOOOO«0O06OO0OOOO« 


241 


4,127 


245 


1,006 


951 


DU.S1I16 SS S6I*V1C6 S 0o< > e d 9ii9*«o«oooaooo4o 


20 


745 


14 


126 


86 


Automotive repairs and services.,,,,... 


70 


979 


76 


97 


84 


Other repair services. ....... .«-■»..« a.. . 


68 


979 


69 


97 


71 


ilvj 1 JuiXjO oodOOOOOOOOOOOOOOdOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


48 


3,227 


27 


617 


610 


TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS ............. o «. . 


45 


849 


30 


116 


111 


AMU OiiMJirJ lo... s ..a.ae...o....o.aee°«i>ooo«. 


55 


2.439 


38 


288 


X 



x Not available . 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page ".for changes from the 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



1939 Census of Business 



7/&n 



S3 



Page 3 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

GALVESTON COUNTY, TEX, 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




City aud trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


■ 

Galveston: 








1 




i. ■ CT.'cL_i_ J. brauS ooo«oeo«oooa«9 


981 


82,404 


928 


4,691 


4,122 


Whole sale trade ., ,,.,.• ... . 


99 


-56,834 


74 


855 


X 


Selected service trades. „ 


289 


5,745 


289 


1,134 


1,018 


nOUSXO OOOQOOOQOOOOeao*OQ9<3 


42 


3,179 


20 


607 


600 


Tourist courts and camps,. 


23 


666 


14 


103 


99 


r*IuU5cIUv1.i u3o oqqqqooq * e o q 


46 


2,274 


29 


269 


X 


Texas Citvi 












XvC UdfXX LI cH-i" 0ooooooo9Ooa#c 


207 


18,991 


187 


863 


724 


Wholesale trade „ „ , „ , „ , , , . . 


9 


3,335 


5 


53 


X 


Selected service trades. „ 


60 


789 


63 


155 


140 


Tourist courts and camps , , 


6 


52 


4 


3 


3 


Remainder of countjr; ^J 












it©Ta>X«L T/IcLU.© 0000000 ooooo» 


317 


14,503 


319 


757 


666 


Wholesale trade „ . „ „ , , „ 


5 


838 


4 


14 


X 


Selected service trades,,. 


50 


296 


52 


37 


34 


Tourist courts and camps . 


16 


131 


12 


10 


9 



x Not available, 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



^/ Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, 
inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments 
inhabitants or more. 



of 2 
of 



,500 
5,000 



not located in cities 
not located in cities 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Censns 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sns be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1988, 
1986, and 1939. 

Scope of the Cenaue. — The 1948 Censns of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist conrts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1989 Business Censns. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation," which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1989 
with respect to establishment count. 

Eatabli ahment definition. — For Censns pn 
establishment is defined to inclnde only en 
from a recognizable place of business, provi 
sales were in excess of $6, 000 for a wholes 
ment and $600 for establishments in other 
analysis of coverage will be provided in fnt 
ness publications. 



may have a consid- 
data, particularly 

rposes, a business 
terprises conducted 
ded that the annual 
ale trade establish- 
trades. A detailed 
nre Censns of Bnsi- 



"Number of establishments" is the number of separate bnsl- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Censns figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in bnsl- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of mnltinnit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Safes and receipt*. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietor*. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of Busings 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 3, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-O85 



GARZA COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Garza County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194.8 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S„ Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1943 aggregated $4.9 million, an increase of 206 
percent over the $1.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken,, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $607,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$321,000 in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling $233,000 in 1948 compared with $66,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 Tor 
the above trades,, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 307 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1943, This compared with a total 
of 213 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Garza County, 
Texas Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Garza County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months 6 Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States, A single copy of the preliminary release for Garza County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 
the Census, Washington 25, D„ o 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GARZA COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total....................... 

JOOU grOUp o 000000000000900000000000.000 

Eating and driving places......... .... 

Gasoline service stations........ ...... 

All other retail stores. .. ... ... .. ..... 

WHOLESALE TRADE. ........ . . oe . ... . . c . D . . . 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/tot al... .... .. . 

Personal services. ..................... 

All other service trades. ............ .. 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees J 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



81 
18 
6 
13 
44 



30 
18 
12 



HOTELS. . 



00000000 



1 O €> » O O O • 



OOOOOOOOC « o o 



4,889 

1,165 

172 

381 

3,171 

607 

233 
128 
105 

49 



88 
17 
6 
16 
49 



38 
24 
14 



275 
59 
31 
18 

167 

4 

28 

25 

3 



205 
40 
28 
16 

121 



26 

3 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



1939 Census of Business 



GENEHAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of winch one 
is planned lor each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
1^48 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
ore subject to revision in the final 
Census publ i cat j ons , but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kmd-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 19 48 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken ior the 
vears 1929, 1933, 1035, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; alJ wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repdirs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definit ion. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of 15,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Propr ietors . — "Active proprietors ..." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of BUSIHESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-086 



GILLESPIE COUNTY, TEXo 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Gillespie County, Texas, 
showed a 'substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 194-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census , Uo So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated 39 «3 million, an increase of 244- 
percent over the &2 7 million in 1939? when the preceding Census of Business was taken t 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5o5 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2 6 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $282,000 in 194-8 compared with $114., 000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9~year period between 1939 and 194-8 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 623 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 194-8 o This compared with a 
total of 4-69 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Gillespie 
County, Texas s 'which also includes data for the city of Fredericksburg „ Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Gillespie County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas tor-be issued in several months o Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Gillespie County as well as an order 
blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D Co 

Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GILLESPIE COUNTY, TEXo 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
doltars) 



Ljar 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



ooooooooooooooo 



'oooooooooooooooooo 



oooooooooo 



! RETAIL TRADE, total <,„ 
Food group, 

Eating and drinking places, 
General merchandise grp, general stores, 

iiPPcir©JL g^rOUip oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

AuvOIflOUlVo £££ Quljj o oooooooooooooooooo oooo 

Gasoline service stations 00 ooo 00 ooooooo 
Lumber-building-hardware group 
Drug and proprietary storegoooooooooooo 
All. other retail stores o O0o 00 oooo 00 oo 

"li'o'J_iXjO xi.Lu-* L ll.ii.lJ.Li oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/t ot alo.co.. „ 0O 

x KSX. qUIIcxJ. otr.l VlC63o ooooooooooooooooooooo 

_. .All other seryi.ee ^traj|ejLq r s..a. .g^ m^a. o, o_o 0.0 o. 
x Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades* 



173 
36 
30 
8 
9 
10 
12 
30 
13 

4 
21 
18 
36 
24 
12 



9,295 

1,935 
589 
864 
267 
467 

1,667 
799 

1,945 
185 
577 

5,516 
282 
162 
120 



197 

a 
30 

13 

15 
9 

13 
30 
19 
4 
23 
20 

44 
29 

JL5. 



506 
62 

103 
46 
15 
31 
77 
44 
97 
15 
16 
79 
38 
28 
10 



452 
51 
86 
42 
14 
31 
74 
34 
95 
11 

U 
x 

34 
24 
10 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



GILLESPIE COUNTY, TEX„ 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Fredericksburg; 
Retail trade „ „ , « . 
Selected service trades 



ooooooooo 
t> 9 O C 



Remainder of county: 
Retail trade 000 
Selected service trades 



oooooooooooo 
a o o o 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



121 
27 



52 
9 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



8,108 
247 



1,187 
35 



Active propri- 
etors of 

unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



14.2 
34 



55 
10 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



465 

33 



5 



Full workweek 
employees 



418 
29 



34 

5 



IT - See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades <, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 19 39 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment connt. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. —"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






1948 CEnsus of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, ; 1950 Release Series BC-1P-42-087 

GLASSCOCK COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail establishments located in Glasscock County, Texas, showed an expansion in 
dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary figures released 
today by the Bureau of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Eleven retail establishments reported 1948 sales aggregating $297,000, an increase 
of 209 percent over the $96,000 reported by thirteen establishments in 1939, when the 
preceding Census of Business was taken. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Glasscock 
County, Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Glasscock County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Glasscock 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



i 



3 

>r, 




1948 census of busihess 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1 } 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-A2-088 



GOLIAD COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail and service establishments located in Goliad County, Texas, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelimi- 
nary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated .J3°5 million, an increase of 192 
percent over the $l e 2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$99,000 in 1948 compared with £36,000 in 1939 » 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 178 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 c This compared with a 
total of 139 employees reported for the week of November 15 , 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Goliaa County, 
Texas Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Goliad County, ./ill be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months „ Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and finax form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Goliad County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census^ Washington 25. D Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

GOLIAD COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie^- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 

businesses; 

Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total 000000000000*0000000.0 

ruuu ^x u u.|j © 0000000000000000000000000000 
Eating and drinking place s. . . . „ „ „ . . . 
Gasoline service stations 00000000000000 
All other retail stores 00 ....o......o.. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,£/ total, . . . . . . DO 

1 " I oUIlcAJ. 5cl VlO"S 0000000000000000000000 

All other service trades . . 


75 

18 
17 
12 
28 

15 

7 
8 


3,545 

870 

209 

316 

2,150 

99 

43 
56 


71 

17 
17 

12 
25 

14 

6 
8 


164 

28 

28 
14 
94 

14 

10 
4 


147 

21 
26 
11 
89 

13 

9 
4 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



<f0S?¥- 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



^;-. 



1S48 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May i, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-089 



GONZALES COUNTY, TEX* 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Gonzales County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U* S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $21*5 million, an increase of 451 
percent over the $3.9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken* 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $15.9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2©1 million in 193 9« The service traces included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $558,000 in 1948 compared with $177,000 in 1939c 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9=year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1*019 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948* This compared with a 
total of 699 employees reported for the week of November 15, 193 9» 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Gonzales County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Gonzales* Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Gonzales County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months* Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States* A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Gonzales County as well as an order blank for other area releases -' 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Y/ashington 25, Do C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GONZALES COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


[ ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


it Fj 1 JT. X-Li JLri»n..Ll_j, T>OX>aJLo ©*o«*«»*©©©.e©©*©©o©o 


273 


21,459 


- 79 


"" '■'■ 


593 


r OOQ £TTOUp ©«o*&«©o.©a©©cc©o«©©©©. ©©©.©« 


82 


3,464 


81 


123 


84 


Eating and drinking places© ©©©©o ©©«©*©© 


45 


773 


47 


127 


: oc 


General merchandise grp, general stores* 


18 


1,021 


14 


67 


51 


Furniture-home furnishgs=appliance grp* 


5 


243 


5 




10 


Automox Z-Ve group. ».*o»»©« ©©©o©©»©«. © © © © 


22 


2,727 


29 


99 


99 


Gasoline service stations©*..©..o©»©o©o 


33 


764 


39 


24 




Lumber-buiiding-hardware group* • ©. ©<>©•© 


21 


2,178 


16 


93 


81 


Drug and proprietary stores .©.©..©©o©*© 


10 


252 


9 


31 




All other retail stores ...©.©.©©©©©coo© 


37 


10,037 


39 


131 


123 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total* .*****..«**** 000*0 


25 


15,919 


?o 


232 


X 


Mercnant wnoxesaJLers. ©.«•©©©.©••<©©.©©© 


11 


7,972 


12 


162 


X 


Other types of wholesale© «©•©•« ©o»«o»«© 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,! 1 total..... .* .*© 


14 


7,947 


18 


70 


X 


80 


558 




82 


65 


r ersonai services »*..*»*..**.«. .©0**0©© 


44 


311 


43 


60 


43 


All other service trades© *© 00©©. ©©©©©•© 


36 


2it? 


1 JL 


22 


22 



x Not available. 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

GONZALES COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
u< incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Gonzales? 

Selected service trades. ... 
Remainder of county : 

Selected service trades.. o. 



129 
46 



144 
3k 



10,532 
398 



10,927 
160 



125 
48 



154 



420 
62 



285 



357 
51 




1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 

the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
busmess information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual! May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups— personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters." Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 
ices. _ 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment defini t ion. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and S500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

Number of establishments" is the number of 3eparate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, bat not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers and paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. —"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



T948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-090 



For Release May 15, 1950 

™ GRAY COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail^, wholesale, and service establishments located in Gray County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $29.8 million, an increase of 
192 percent over the $10 . 2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $18 .7 million in I948 as com- 
pared with $7.6 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $1.9 million in 1948 compared with $0.5 million in 1939. 

Employment- in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,918 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 1,496 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Gray County, 
Texas, which also includes data for .the city of Pampa. Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Gray County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas 
to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year in pre- 
liminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of the pre- 
liminary release for Gray County as well as an order blank for other area releases may 
be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25= D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GRAY COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


vorkwee) 


1 ended 


Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 




unincor 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses; 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Not. 1948 




employees 


11 1I1 1 n 1 !■ 1 itri L) lj - t'CLaj. 0ooeeoeoeoeeoooo*oo*o 


345 


29,842 


330 


1.346 


1.142 


r COG. ffrOUP 00 ooooooooo oeo«ooooeoooeeooe 

Eating and drinking places,,,... 


67 


6,699 


62 


180 


132 


51 


1,438 


60 


184 


166 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


11 


3,309 


3 


247 


T, 


Appa,rS-l. grOUJJo »oeoe»e»»«oeooco«ooooooo 


18 


1' 406 


13 


73 


Furniture- home furnishgs-appliance grp 


15 


997 


15 


47 


42 


Automotive group .....,..,..,„... ...... 


31 


6,819 


30 


211 


209 


Gasoline service stations. .......... , 


58 


1,716 


60 


102 


88 


Lumber-building-hardware group. ....... 


3 2 


3 566 


30 


133 


108 


Drug and proprietary stores. ........ .. 

All other retail stores. ............. . 


18 


1,547 


x 2 


95 


93 


43 


2,345 


38 


74 


63 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total .................. 


73 


18,674 


50 


300 


X 


Merchant wholesalers ................o. 


46 


10,746 


33 


223 


X 


Manufact'rs' sales branches, offices.. 


5 


2.503 


- 


38 


X 


Petroleum bulk plants „ terminals ...... 


12 


1,941 


12 


25 


X 


Assemblers of farm products ........... 


10 


3,484 


5 


14 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total.... 


138 


1,937 


152 




257 


a cr bUI 1 cL_L Ovi VlvCbo 000 e 00 O * • 


78 


980 


89 


186 


173 


All other service trades. . ........... . 


60 


957 


63 


86 


84 


TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS. ............... 


11 


68 


9 


? 


7 



X 



Not available. 

Includes employees paid for less than une full workweek. 

See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR C' T IES OF 2,500 INHASI.ANTS OR MORE 

GRAY COUNTY, TEX„ 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total , 
employees* 



Fall workweek 
employees 



'oooeooooooo 



Pampas 

Retail trade. 
Wholesale trade „ <> <> » <> o » o 
Selected service trades<,o 
Tourist -courts and campsoo 

Remainder of county? 
Retail trade, 
Wholesale trade,, „ 
Selected service trades 00 
Tourist courts and camps „, 



oooooooooooooo 



OOOOOOOOO 



256 

63 

115 

5 



89 
10 

23 

6 



26,760 

15,828 

1,838 

33 



3.082 
2, 846 



248 

45 

127 

3 



1,236 

290 

264 

4 



99 
35 



82 


110 


5 


10 


25 


8 


6 


5 



1,061 

x 

251 

4 



81 
x 
6 
3 



x Not available o 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1983, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 CEHSUS Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-091 



GRAYSON COUNTY, TEX„ 

Retail,, wholesale, and service establishments located in Grayson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S, Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $55-0 million, an increase of 
206 percent over the $18,0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $44°1 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $11,5 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $2 6 million in 1948 compared with l o million in 

193 9 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-=year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 4,180 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15^ 1948 This compared with a 
total of 3,511 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Grayson County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Denison and Sherman „ Final figures, 
superseding the preliminary data for Grayson County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States „ 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Grayson County as well as an order blank 
for other aref releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25c, D„ C 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GRAYSON COUNTY, TEX 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 

Npy, 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 
Food group, 0o0 

Eating and drinking places,, 
General merchandise grp, general stores 

.PP^* -^ ^ -*- 5I vU.p ooooooooooooooooooaoooooo 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp 
Automotive group, ,, „ ,,,, „ 
Gasoline service stations „ „ 
Lumber-building-hardware group 
Drug and proprietary stores,, 
All other retail stores. 



00000000000000000000 
000000000000000000000000000 
ooooooooooo 



ooocoeooooocoo 

OOOOOOOOO v 00 



/WHOLESALE TRADE, total,. 



00000000 

00000 0000 

00000000000000 

-ooooooeoooooooo 

Merchant wholesalers, „ „ , „ , „ „ „ „ „ , 
Petroleum bulk plants „ terminals . „ „ e . 
Other types of wholesale 0OO , 0000OOOO . 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/ t ot al, , 

Personal services , , „ „,,,„„, , , , , , , 
All other service trades, 00 „ 00 00 0O 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS, , , , . „ , , 

AMU SKWFNTS 

,«i iMi bmmmh ~— -2- ^.iL. - r -L_i ^LS.^LJi.S.^ 1 EL £ S B A I B -°- " B I - ''- ° B -- -— 1 

Not available. 



815 

230 

98 

38 

46 

60 
128 
64 
23 
89 
83 
47 

1? 

272 

169 

103 

19 

-2L 



54,992 
14 o 092 
2,246 
5,583 
3,657 
3,261 
13.039 
3:453 
5,400 

1,553 
2,708 

44,115 

15,817 

3,704 

24; $94 

2,600 

1,749 

851 

111 

826 



747 
228 

91 
31 
31 
37 

HI 

23 
78 
50 

% 

105 
22 

_2J_ 



:,897 

446 

429 
483 
262 

189 
432 

185 
198 
139 
134 
777 
381 

& 

506 

411 

95 

15 



2,432 

359 

371 

336 

213 

16-7 

410 

150 

177 

124 

115 

X 

X 

X 

X 

47c 

381 

89 

x 



1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



GRAYSON COUNTY, TEX, 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group' 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



oeoooooooooo 



o o o o o o 



Denison: 

Retail trade, , 
Wholesale trade. 
Selected service trades 



Sherman: 

116 udlJ_ If! O.U.C OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

Wholesale trade „ „ „ „ „ . 

Selected service trades, „, 



22? 
25 

89 



271 
38 
94 



20,963 

18,515 

1,005 



24,554 

22,649 

1,167 



205 
15 
91 



233 
24 
99 



1,165 
294 
199 



1,329 
431 
255 



973 
x 

188 



1,144 

x 

236 



'oooooooooo o o a o 



317 
20 

-12. 



9,475 

2,951 

428 



309 
11 

87 



403 

52 

_J2 



315 
x 



Remainder of county? 2/ 
Retail trade 
Wholesale trade, „ . <, „ a ». 
Selected service trades. 
x Not available, 
1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades, 

2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ Includes figures for establishments, other than the wholesale, not located in citie 

of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities of 

5,000 inhabitants or more. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts.— "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors.— "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



r fi3i3 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 Release Series BC-1P- 42-092 

GREGG COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Gregg County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $73 e 4 million, an increase of 
229 percent over the $22 3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $51.9 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $12 8 million in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $5.1 million in 1948 compared with $1„2 million in 
1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 

the above trades,, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 5,243 

paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 

total of 3,517 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Gregg County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Longview and the parLS of the cities of 

: Gladewater and Kilgore located in Gregg County. Final figures, superseding the prelim- 
inary data for Gregg County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to 
be issued in several months „ Similar data will be made available this year in prelim- 
inary and final form for each of the counties and States „ A single copy of the prelim- 
inary release for Gregg County as well as an order blank for other area releases ma}' be 

' obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C„ 



?/4r* 



Page 2 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

GREGG COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 



ooooooooooooooooo o © oo 



Food group, 

Eating and drinking places, 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

xljJ]L)aJ/SX gJ/OU/p oooooaooooooooo © o o « o o o o .« a 

Furniture-home f urnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group. 

Gasoline service stations.. 

Lumber-building-hardware group, 

Drug and proprietary stores. 

All other retail stores eo 



'0000000000000 ooooo 0000 ooooo 



'oo oooooooooo 



'OOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOQO 



OOOOOOOOOOO 



O o o o 



oooooooooo 



WHOLESALE TRADE, total 



OOOOOOOOOO o c 



oooooaooooooooo ooo 



• 000009 ooooo 



oooooooooooocc ooooo 



Merchant wholesalers, total, 
Groceries, foods, 
Mach'y, equip 1 t, industrial supplies 
Automotive parts, accessories . „ „ ... „ 
All other merchant wholesalers* „„ <> . „ 



Manufact'rs' sales branches, offices 
Other types of wholesale . . . 



o c 

oooooooooo 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, ^total 



coooooooo 



i vi o Ul Ici_L, o ^i V J_ L< t- Ooooooooooooooooo ooooo 

D LL O -LI It O O OvX VIGvbo o o ooo oo OO OOOO o o o oo o 

Automotive repairs and services 
Other repair services 



o o O O O O o 
00000000000000009 



TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 



OOOOOCOOCOOOO 000 



953 

193 

194 
34 
47 
46 
81 

116 
47 
28 

167 

134 

102 
11 
42 
12 

37 

18 
14 

324 

187 
17 
54 
66 

14 



73,369 

12,516 
3,901 
7,276 
4,809 
4,358 

20,419 
3,251 
5,371 
1,962 
9,506 

51,866 

39,000 
6,922 

18,736 
1,621 

11,721 

4,409 
8,457 

5,080 

2,194 
152 
670 

2,064 

255 



902 

209 

180 
16 
47 
47 
83 

114 
37 
24 

145 



67 

9 
21 
10 
27 

9 
12 

325 

179 
16 
63 
67 

14 



3,475 

339 
644 
588 
248 
199 
579 
196 
251 
160 
271 

898 

763 
186 
304 
73 
200 

73 
62 

870 

538 
12 
68 

252 

60 



3,028 

268 
590 
426 
215 
185 
556 
174 
231 
146 
237 



x 
x 

X 
X 
X 

X 
X 

778 

461 
11 
65 

241 

55 



x Not available,, 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades <> 



<?/£?■£ 



Page 3 

Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



GREGG COUNTY, TEX, 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 








i n j o _ .. 1 _. _ 


Active propri- 


Paid employees, workweek 




Number of 


1948 sales 


etors of 


ended nearest 


Nov. 16, 1948 


. 1 


estab- 


and receipts 


unincorporated 






City ana trade group 








lishments 




businesses 


Total 


Pull workweek 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


Nov. 1948 


employees 


employees 


Gladewater; (part) 












rt6woll X> XO.Cl@o OOOOQOOOOOOOO 


132 


8,909 


116 


463 


416 


Tourist courts and camps o0 


Included with "Remainder of county" 




Kilgore ; : (part) 












it© L'ClXX X'X dQ.© OOOOOOOOOQO 


22? 


20,093 


213 


914 


789 


Wholesale trade „ „ , „ 


40 


15 , 121 


30 


257 


X 


Selected service trades 00 <, 


75 


1,298 


73 


221 


213 


Tourist courts and camps 00 


Included with "Remainder of county" 




Long views 












n.SXsdLXX. X'X'clQ.Cio ooooooooooooo 


365 


36,316 


350 


1,722 


1,517 


Wholesale trade 00 oo 00 


56 


25,194 


36 


414 


X 


Selected service trades 000 


144 


1,929 


146 


370 


302 


Tourist courts and camps 0o 
Remainder of county? J/ 


7 


153 


9 


32 


31 












rie L»axx t»rau.® oooooooooooooo 


229 


8,051 


223 


376 


306 


Whole sale trade 0000 0000 oo 


38 


11,551 


22 


227 


X 


Tourist courts and camps 0D 


7 


102 


^ 


28 


24 



x Not available o 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trade s 

2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

J/ Except as indicated above ^ includes figures for establishments, other than whole- 
sale, not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establish- 



ments not located in cities of 



5,000 inhabitants or more, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the let of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1983, 
1986, and 1989. 

Scope of the Ceneue.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups— personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist, courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particilarly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recogniiable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $6,000 for a wholesale trade estabUsh- 
ment and $600 for establishments is other trades. 1 detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative aad executive 
off ices of multiunit organixat ions, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for retimed 
goods and allowances, bnt not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales aad excise taxee collected from customers aad paid 
directly to aay taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owaers aad 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business la November 194*. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Pull workweek" employee*, whether regnlar 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of honrs typically worked 
la a week by employee* of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-093 



GRIMES COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Grimes County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $8.9 million, an increase of 187 
percent over the $3.1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.6 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $279,000 in 1948 compared with $122,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 532 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 357 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Grimes County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Navasota. Final figures, superseding* 
the preliminary data for Grimes County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Grimes County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D e C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

GRIMES COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, tot al.... e .«... . ..€.•..«. 

Food group. .................... ....... 

Eating and drinking places ............ 

General merchandise grp, general stores 
Furniture-home lurnishgs-appliance grp 
Automotive group. . . . ...... ............ 

Gasoline service stations. ...... ...... 

Lumber -build ing-hardware group. ....... 

Drug and proprietary stores .... ....... 

All other retail stores ............... 

™Xlvij)IjO H-LfJlt 1 IXrVi-( -Lj oo««ooo»eo<y<DO®«o«coo»ooo© 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, s/ total........ 

Personal services ..................... 

All other service trades .............. 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 
2/ See General Description on last page 
in the coverage of Service Trade i 



194 
66 
20 
16 

9 
15 
23 
13 

9 
23 
15 
35 
23 
12 



8,879 

2,658 
301 
861 
305 

1,827 
378 

1,459 
269 
821 

4,853 
279 
194 
__8£_ 



181 

59 
16 

15 

3 

14 
22 
16 
7 
24 
14 
36 
22 

-Ml. 



439 

8l 
52 
63 
10 
52 
3C 

38 
59 

32 
61 

56 



358 
62 
51 
43 
10 
51 
24 
50 
16 
51 
x 
57 
52 



the full workweek, 
for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 






Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

GRIMES COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
U' incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Navasotas 

Selected service trades,.. 
Remainder of county? 

Selected service trades... 


106 
25 

83 
10 


6,820 
253 

2,059 
26 


99 

27 

82 
9 


364 
58 

75 
3 


298 
54 

60 
3 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
busmess information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups — personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters." Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 
ices. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. --"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers end paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






Wl " ■< V _j 






+948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 3, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-094 



GUADALUPE COUNTY, TEX. 
^ Retail, wholesale, and service establishments "located in Guadalupe County, Texas, 
* snowed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census , U. S. Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated $16.4, million, an increase of 
290 percent over the $4.2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
^ taken„ Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of .$5.9 million in 194-8 as com- 
pared with $1.8 million in 1939 • The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling .$607,000 in 194-8 compared with $160,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 194.8 
for the above trades c Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
1,168 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 194.8 „ This compared 
with a total of 699 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939c 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Guadalupe 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Sequin. Final figures, super- 
seding the preliminary data for Guadalupe County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the ^ State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made avail- 
able this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A 
single copy of the preliminary release for Guadalupe County as well as an order blank 
: for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
■Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

GUADALUPE COUNTY, TEX. . 



• 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
bus inesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees J 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total ...... 

A vUU £^X \J L-J-LJ ooooooooooooooooooooooooeoooc 

Eating and drinking places . . ... . ...... . 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

"r-',P c *- A ^^-*- gjTOUJJ oooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Furniture-home ±urnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automotive group .o ..o.oo.oo. oo...ooo. 

Gasoline service stations ....... ...... . 

Lumber-building-hardware group. „ . ..... . 

f Drug and proprietary stores . .... o ..... . 

All other retail stores. .. 00 .oo. .....o . 

' WHOLESALE TRADE, - total. 

Merchant wholesalers. . 

Other types of wholesale. ... „ 
' SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total 

Personal services. 



ooocoooooooooooe 



ooooooeooooooooooo 
oooooooooo 
ooooooooooo 
oooooooooo 



I o o 



oooooooooooooooooo 

All other service trades.. ...... c ..... . 



343 
89 
86 
11 
6 
11 
23 

a 

25 
6 

45 
29 
16 
13 
84 
38 
& 



16,354 

4,212 

% 1,294 

846 

645 

1,099 

2,428 

1,322 

2,135 

365 

2,008 

5,893 

3,205 

2,688 

607 

314 

293 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
' 2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



329 

82 

81 

6 

9 

7 

27 

41 
28 
8 
40 
29 
15 
14 
80 
32 
48 



933 

167 

189 

67 

38 

71 

109 

86 

90 

25 

91 

123 

77 

46 

112 

SO 



746 

113 

155 

41 

34 

67 

103 

76 

77 

20 

60 

x 

x 

x 

100 

74 
26 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



GUADALUPE COUNTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




1 
City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Sequins 

itv3 uo.JL-L T/J/clClvi ooooooooooeeooo 


190 


12,609 


178 


757 


628 


Wliolesale trade, .o.^.o..... 


24 


5,095 


24 


117 


X 


Selected service trades.... 


59 


496 


56 


100 


90 


Remainder of county; 












xie uaij. oraoe .........a..... 


153 


3,745 


151 


176 


118 


WnoJ.esaJ.e "trade ..oo.e.o.o. 


5 


798 


5 


6 


X 


Selected service trades .... 


25 


111 


24 


12 


10 



x Not available. 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Easiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President". all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Safes and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



v'/'t "«< tr j 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-09 5 



HALE . COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hale County, Texas^ showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census , U, S, Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $35*1 million,, an increase of 381 
percent over the $7=3 million in 1939, when the preceding Cepsus of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $22,9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$5°1 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $1,5 million in 1948 compared with $0.4 million in 1939 * 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9=year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 2,245 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15,, 1948, This compared with a 
total of 1,208 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hale County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Plainview, Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Hale County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year in 
preliminary and final fbrm for each of the counties and States, A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Hale County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C, 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

HALE COUNTY, TEX, ' 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 

dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total 

employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


itiillAHj lriAD.Cj« LOXa-Lo 0000000000,0000000000 

JT OOd grQUp o,o,,oooooooo,oooooooooooooo. 

Eating and drinking places , „ , „ , , ,,,,,, , 
General merchandise grp, general stores. 
Apparel group , , o o , o o » ■ . , , » » o , , « , , , . , 
Furniture-home furnishgs-appliances grp 
Automotive group ..ooo.ooo.o.ooooooooooo 
Gasoline service stations, . , , , , , <> , o , , 
Lumber-building-nardware group 
Drug and proprietary stores „ 
All other retail stores. ......... .o.. . 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total O oo,oooooooooo,ooo 
Merchant wholesalers .0,0000,, o,o,, oooo 
Petrcleum bulk plants, terminals . , , . , 
Other types of wholesale, „ . . . . . . . . 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/totalo ........ . 

personal services 00.000000000000000000 
All other service trades .......oooooooo 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS. ............. .00 


327 
72. 
34 
20 
11 
18 
39 

42 
39 
14 
38 
58 
18 
22 
18 
136 
71 
65 
7 


35,101 

6,243 
1 056 
4,132 

1,062 

1,480 

7,572 

2,448 

6,928 

1,350 

330 

22=857 

5,831 

5.899 

11,127 

1,519 

822 

697 

52 


307 
78 
3S 
10 
6 
14 

41 
38 
30 
13 
39 
40 
13 
22 

5 

149 

75 
74 

4 


1 653 
187 
144 
293 

67 

75 

301 
154 

245 

110 
77 

352 
156 
121 

75 
240 
IS 5 

55 


1,314 
124 
130 

182 
jB 
70 

278 

65 

X 
X 
X 
X 

216 
51 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
°2/ See General Description on last page for c 
in the coverage of Service Trade;. 



full workweek, 
hanges from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HALE COUNTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Plainviews 

Xl© uctl-L bi cLQG ooooooooooooo 

Wholesale trade, „ . . . o . » . . 
Selected service trades. „ 

Remainder of county? 

IX c L-o. J- -L OXcLLlOooooooooooooo 

Wholesale trade . „ . . ■> » . o <> 
Selected service trades. . 


224 
33 
84 

103 
25 
52 


28,009 

15,650 

1,183 

7,092 

7,207 

336 


205 

20 

99 

102 
20 
50 


1,354 
235 
193 

299 

117 
47 


1,091 

X 

175 
223 

X 

41 



x Not available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognisable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in otfrer trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



4 it* 3 



S/~r " •< tr -J 



- 






1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-096 



HALL COUNTY, TEX C 

Retail,, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hall County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U S„ Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $9<>9 million, an increase of 230 
percent over the #3 o million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $8 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0 o 8 million in 1939.. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $443*000 in 1948 compared with $144,000 in 1939 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 605 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 c This compared with a total 
of 396 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hall County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Memphis Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Hall County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas 
to be issued in several months G Similar data will be made available this year in prelim^ 
inary and final form for each of the counties and States,, A single copy of the prelimi- 
nary release for Hall County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be 
obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D Co 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HALL COUNTY, TEX 









Active 


Paid emp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. IS, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


rULjlriXJj lriivL/Jjq T»OT»cl_L 0000000000000000000000 


179 


9,866 


193 


416 


305 


pooct £^rou.po 0000000000000000000000000000 


52 


2,412 


55 


86 


63 


Eating and drinking places 000 „ „ e „ 


19 


247 


21 


37 


30 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


10 


766 


10 


79 


33 


iipjpo.r"x groupo 0000000000000000000000000 


6 


351 


7 


20 


10 


Furniture-home furnishgs -appliance grp 


9 


398 


6 


20 


17 


r\.U. OOIIIO L/ 1 V c £^X\JU|Jo 0000000000000000000000 


18 


1,548 


23 


42 


42 


Gasoline service stations » 00 00 000 „ <. 


25 


539 


25 


27 


22 


Lumber-building-hard ware group 00000000 


19 


3,116 


24 


68 


63 


Drug and proprietary stores »» „ . . » » 


6 


340 


8 


23 


16 


All other retail stui'es...,,... ( .i)o.o.o 


15 


149 


14 


14 


9 


WHOLESALE TRADE, totaLococoo.......... 


30 


7,992 


19 


133 


X 


Merchant wholesalers » . » » ° . „ <> 00 » 


7 


2,614 


3 


25 


X 


Other types of viholesale 00 oao 0000000 ao 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES J-/ total. o o oo ooo 


23 


5,378 


16 


108 


X 


55 


443 


58 


56 


50 


lei oUIldl bvl VILCDo 00 00 00 00 00 


28 


270 


29 


47 


41 


All other service trades,, „ » <> . a » 


27 


173 


29 





1 2 



x Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trade s n 






Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HALL COUNTY, TLX„ 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees'^ 


Full workweek 
employees 


Memphis? 

IXCucLlX Trade ooooooooooooooo 


98 


7 S 108 


104 


297 


225 


Selected service trades oo 


37 


341 


38 


47 


42 


Remainder of county; 












ltGT>cLXj_ T/x clQG ooooooooooooooo 


81 


2,758 


89 


119 


80 


Selected service trades 00 oo 


18 


102 


20 


9 


.-8 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades Q 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
men t s. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, wnic'u provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multinnit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



4/3f3 



i 
it 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP— 42-097 



HA14ILT0N COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hamilton County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U S. Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $8.3 million, an increase of 207 
percent over the $2.7 million in 1939j> when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4°1 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1.0 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $343*000 in 1948 compared with $116,000 in 1939c 

Retail trade establishments in the county reported 351 paid employees for the work- 
week ended nearest November 15, 1948, For the same week in 1948, wholesale trade 
establishments reported 70 paid employees and the service trades reported 49 paid 
employees. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hamilton County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Hamilton. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Hamilton County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Hamilton County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25 s D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HAMILTON COUNTY, TEX. 



— 








Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


[ ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total oo.oooo.oooo.oo.oooo.o 


153 


8,349 


155 


351 


269 


* vVU ^ I (J \X^J ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


35 


3,030 


38 


75 


52 


Eating and drinking places. ...o ..o... .. 


9 


146 


10 


20 


18 


General merchandise grp, general stores. 


16 


779 


19 


57 


39 


Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp 


10 


303 


10 


13 




Automotive group. ooo.o.oooooooooooooo.o 


11 


1*053 


11 


46 


U 


Gasoline service stations. ... ...o o... 


27 


555 


25 


31 


24 


Lumber-building -hard ware group. . . ° . . . . . 


18 


1,396 


13 


51 


48 


Drug and proprietary stores. . . . ....... . 


7 


264 


10 


22 


16 


All other retail stores. .. .....o ...o. 00 


20 


823 


19 


36 


24 


WHOLESALE TRADE 0ooo00000O0,O0O0O.OOOOO U OO0 


14 


4,138 


19 


70 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,2/ total. ...... .. „ 


56 


343 


61 


49 


39 


icl OV-'Ilct-L bCi V JLO"Oo ooooooooooooooooooooo 


29 


180 


33 


32 


25 


All other service trades. ... ...o. ...o ■ . 


27 


163 


28 


17 




HI IU kJljl'l i ilM 10 o.ooooooooooooo.oo.ooo.ooooooo 


7 


67 


6 


9 





x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



4lBf.S 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR IM8 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HAMILTON COUNTY, TEX. 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




i 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended ueares;. Nov. 15, 'iv'.S 


To-:ai 
employee 




Hamilton s 












ilAT : L"CLJ — L L»X ■cLLlfcr ooooooooooooooo 


78 


5,114 


75 


233 


188 


Selected service trades „oo 


29 


176 


32 


32 


28 


Remainder of countys 












i~CG Ifd] — L X/X^dClG ooooooooooooooo 


75 


3,235 


80 


118 


81 


Selected service trades,, o 00 


27 


167 


29 


17 


11 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades,, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1946 CENSUS C? BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the Dnited States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown ar» preliminary, and arc sibj^ct to ravisioc in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to covera^t, Tje final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year ther<>ef ter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the ' ansua. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
".'1 establishment j in the following trades, as defined by the 
andard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
" ae Executive Office of the President: all retail trades, all 
uolesale t rides; all service trades in the following four 
groups — per.' :>nal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture the: ters. Some important service" not covred are redio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
Howe ,T er, ''custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are net covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 194? with 1S38 data, particularly 
with respect to establishnr-.ot count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include ou'y enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that che annual 
sales were in excess of $5,01)0 ior a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of setaratf- busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies of 
organizations, since the Census figures re^resect information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" »aro.nn$»s. 

Sales end receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" reprpseata 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs ?.nd oti.;r serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for .-etcrn-'' 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances: tViy ...i- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers &nd pi.<; 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents oifB&"S asil 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted lie major 
portion of their time to the business lfl November 19*fc. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents at'. 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who is the ?'oven>ber 16 pay period -.rerfe 
paid for working at leaet ?8<! umbirt ol aours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



7 i S i 3 






»-/-/ - .< tr -J 



1948 ctnsus of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. MMJtTMENT OF COMMOCI 

■usEAu orrMi cznss 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



R«l»**« Ssries BC-lP-^2-098 



HANSFORD COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hansford County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 19*1-8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $4.9 million, an increase of 308 
percent over the $1.2 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $9*5 million in 19^8 as compared with 
$0.9 million in 1939 • The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $192,000 in 19^8 compared with $31,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
213 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. This compared 
with a total of ll6 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hansford County, 
Texas » Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Hansford County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Hansford County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR IMS, t¥ TRADE GROUP 

HANSFORD COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Actire 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
bus ineases 
Nov- 1148 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



* RETAIL TRADE, total..... 

Food group o.o.ooo.. .0.0000.0. 
Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations . . 
All other retail stores 



• 0000000000*0 



000000000 



O • O o O 



OOOOOOO 



WHOLESALE TRADE, 



2A 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES," total. 
Personal services ............. 

All other service trades ...... 



c * • o 



00000a 



62 
10 
6 
12 
3^ 

16 

26 
Ik 
12 



4,875 
685 

1^9 
806 

3,235 
9,535 

192 
99 
93 



58 
8 

7 
Ik 

29 

12 

27 
Ik 

13 



I69 
2k 
26 

23 
96 

26 

18 

15 

3 



135 
20 

19 
22 
Ik 



16 

13 

3 



x Not available, 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice .trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors . — "Active proprietors ..." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



"V / -* i*' -^ 



1948 GtRSUS Of BUSinESS 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May l, 1950 



Release Series BC-IP-42-O99 



HARDEMAN COUNTY, TEX 

Retail,, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hardeman County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194.3 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 194-8 aggregated $7o5 million, an increase of 168 
percent over the $2 Q 8 million in 1939 s when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken Q Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $12 e 5 million in 194.8 as com- 
pared with $2 o million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Busi- 
ness recorded receipts totaling $480,000 in 1943 compared with $172,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 194.8 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
558 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared 
with a total of 432 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hardeman 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Quanaho Final figures, super- 
seding the preliminary data for Hardeman County, will be included in a Bulletin for 
the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will be made avail- 
able this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States „ A 
single copy of the preliminary release for Hardeman County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D c Co 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

HARDEMAN COUNTY, TEX 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workveel 


. ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


16, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


es tab- 




unincor- 






• 


lishmeote 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


xX-LjI A™LJ-j LxxAULj u TrOT>cLJ_o 00000000000000000 000 


158 


7,529 


172 


375 


313 


J OOQ gx OUp ouooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 


32 


1,838 


39 


53 


43 


Eating and drinking places 0000000000000 


20 


272 


19 


51 


41 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


9 


687 


7 


69 


51 


xi.ppQXG J- g,A Olip oooocoooooooooooooo 0000000 


6 


334 


5 


25 


21 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


9 


437 


9 


20 


13 


Au.X»OinO wl v © £vOu.po 0000000000000000000000 


14 


1,038 


17 


39 


39 


Gasoline service stations »« « .« 00 00 


31 


506 


34 


27 


25 


Lumber— building-hardware group 000000000 


21 


1,929 


26 


56 


54 


Drug and proprietary stores oooooooooooo 


6 


265 


9 


18 


16 


aXJ. oijiicL rsx»cLi.i- Suor 6S0 000000000000000 


10 


223 


7 


17 


10 


WHOLESA-LE TRADE, total 0000000000000000000 


21 


12,523 


18 


87 


X 


i ler'crianX' wnoj. e saj~er Sooooooooooooooooooo 


7 


10,£L7 


5 


40 


X 


Other types of wholesale . 0000000000000 


14 


2,106 


13 


47 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/ t otal. „ „ . 00 000 


47 


480 


43 


96 


S8 


i6i SOUoLL SGrVXCcBo 000000000000000000000 


30 


290 


26 


68 


61 


iijLJ- OT^ner &ex vxc© 1rd.c1.eS0 o_o_o 0000000 


17 


190 


17 


28 


27 



X 

Hi 



Not available o 

Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeks 

See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HARDEM&N COUNTY , TEX 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 






Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
u< incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


City and trade group 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


(Quanahs 

II© uclXJ- wiTcLClw ooooooooooooooo 

Selected service trades c <> o o 
Remainder of county? 

JX6X'O..XJL TU& ctCLG oooo ooooooooooo 

Selected service trades O0 oo 


87 
30 

71 
17 


5,6^8 
378 

1/881 
102 


I 94 

25 

78 
18 


291 

80 

84 
16 


250 
74 

63 
14 



y~~See GeneralDescription ^onMspagefOTci^es^rom the 1939 Census of Business 

In the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek t 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
busmess information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups — personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters." Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 

° e This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definit ion. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and S500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. —"19 48 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers end paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



vj- a <n v -j 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-100 



HARDIN COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hardin County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today "by the Bureau of 
the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $10.3 million, an increase of 2*4-3 
percent over the $3»0 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.2 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0.4 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $335,000 in 1948 compared with $85,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9°year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 549 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 o This compared with a 
total of 33O employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 » 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hardin County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Silsbee. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Hardin County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Hardin County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HARDIN COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


; ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Not. 1948 




employees 


RETAIL TRADE, "tCtaJLo 00000000000000000000. 


266 


10,288 


246 


4ol 


- - 


x 1 ood Rroiip 000000000000.0000000000000000 


71 


2,840 


70 


93 


74 


Eating and drinking places 


70 


878 


66 


92 


84 


General merchandise grp, general stores . 


15 


1,W 


16 


68 


60 


Apparel group oooooo.o.o..oo...oo.oo.oo. 


5 


128 


5 


8 


8 


Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp» 


11 


360 


9 


11 


10 


Automotive group 00.000.000000.00000000. 


9 


1,308 


6 


47 


46 


Gasoline service stations .. .......... 


35 


956 


32 


39 


37 


Drug and proprietary stores .......oooo. 


7 


305 


7 


26 


24 


All other retail stores o.. ...ooo.oo..o 


45 


2,037 


35 


77 


62 


WHOLESALE TRADE 0000000000 o«oooooo.ooooooo 


8 


1,211 


5 


29 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. .... 


53 


335 


49 


59 


^5 


Jl cx SOll&JL Sci V1CGS 0000000000000000000000 


32 


172 


29 


43 


31 


All other service trades 


21 


163 


20 


16 


Ik 



x Not available. 
l/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



4 Of If 






Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1913 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HARDIN COUNTY, TEX 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
u< incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 194 8 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Selected service trades,,, „ <> 

Remainder of county^ 

Retail trade ooooooooooooooo 
Selected service tradesoooo 



8h 
28 



,791 



25 



>2 



77 
27 



169 
22 



269 
39 



192 



232 
28 



173 
17 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades <> 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one. is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
Th^ figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a aeries of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
busmess information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manuali May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups— personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters. - Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 

' This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of 3eparate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in but mess at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
"chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers end paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees', whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



"'j / -? *' -j 



I 



I 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

\ PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 29* 1950 Release Series BC-1P- 42-101 



HARRIS COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale , and service establishments located in Harris County ? Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194.8 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census , U S Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $811,200,000, an increase of 279 
percent over the $214^000,000 sales in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken Q wholesale sales volume in the county showed a 260 percent rise over the same 
period, reaching a total of $1,672,800,000 in 1948 as compared with $464,600,000 in 
1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business reported receipts totaling 
$62,000,000 in 1948 compared with $18,500,000 in 1939o Hotel receipts moved from 
$5,200,000 in 1939 to $9,900,000 in 1948o Amusement businesses in the county recorded 
receipts of $10,400,000 in 1948 No comparable figure for 1939 is available , 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the trades covered by the Census of Business,, Retail trade establishments reported 
44*995 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 Q Of these, 
39*093 worked the full week, and the remainder part of the week G The comparable total 
and full workweek figures for 1939 were 27,048 and 23 9 464 Wholesale trade establish- 
ments reported a total of 21,258 full- and part=week employees for the week of November 
15* 1948, compared with 11,502 for the same week in 1939o For the selected service 
trades, November 15, 1948, paid employees numbered 11, 505 ; the comparable figure for 
1939<> adjusted for change in scope between the two Censuses, was 7,154<> 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Harris County 
TexaSo The report also contains data for the cities of Baytown, Houston, La Ibrte, 
Pasadena, and West University Place 

Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Harris County, will be included 
in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will 
be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and 
St ate So A single copy of the preliminary release for Harris County as well as an 
order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing ~to the Bureau of the 
Census, Washington 25 ? D c C Q 



Page 2 



Table 1. -CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HARRIS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group aud kind of business 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 194 8 



RETAIL TRADE, total,. 



oooooeoooooooococoo 



Food group ............................ 

Eating and drinking places... ......... 

ben'l merchandise grp, general stores. 
R Apparel group... .... oc ....... ......... 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group.... ... .. 

Gasoline service stations., 
± Lumber -building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores.. 
£ All other retail stores 



ooooooooeoo..... ...... 

oooooooo..... 

000..000 

eoooooo.o 

oooooeo.oo..... 



O..OOO.O.O. 
ooooooo. ......... 

ooooooo.o. ...... 



WHOLESALE TRADE, total. ...... 

Merchant wholesalers, total 
Groceries, foods.... 
Dry goods, apparel. „ 

TT , J •^•^ ° ° ° ° ° o o o o O O OO O o o o 

Hardware, else »1, plum »g and heat »g 
Mach»y s equip »t, industrial supplies. 
Automotive parts, accessories.. ..... 

All other merchant wholesalers..... ° 

Manufact»rs» sales branches, offices. 
Agents, brokers (merchandise) 
Other types of wholesale. 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,2/total... .. 

Personal services... 

Business services . „ „ . .. 

Automotive repairs and services. ...... 

Other repair services.... 



...... ..................... ....... 



HOTELS 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 



oooooooooooeoooo 




ooooooooo 

oooo OQOQOOOOO 



' O O o o ococ»oooo 



y Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 

J *£^J£TJ£& ^JST f ° r «*—- *°» ^ W39 Census of Business 



<? 4I± 



well as other cnange. *■< 



Page 3 
Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



> 


HARRIS COUNTY, TEX 








(Data omitted for 


trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 








1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 


Paid employees, workweek 


City and trade group 


Number of 


etors of 

n n i nrnrnnra t aH 


ended nearest 


Nov. 15. 194 8 


©8 l&D ** 

lishments 




UU1ULUI pUl dL cU 

businesses 


Total 


Full workweek 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


Nov. 1948 


employees 


employees 


Baytown? 












Xl*2 w d-L. J- OX cLVXfci oooo oeooooooooo 


302 


26,149 


257 


1,299 


1,143 


WHO J-S S cU-6 Tjr 3,0.6 o o oooooooooo 


Included with "Remainder of county" 




Selected service trades 000 o 


112 | 1,308 | 111 | 251 


234 


Tourist courts and camps 00 o 


Included with "Remainder of county" 




xiHTLXtoG IH6 XIX Sooooooooooooooooo 


Included with "Remainder of 


county" 




Houston g 












*W wall wl oQ6 ooooooooooooooo 


5,799. 


691*193 


5,188 


39,389 


34,442 


WHO XS S oJ.8 Xr 3Q.6 oooooooooooo 


- 1,247" 


1,606,916 


692 


20,754 


X 


Selected service trades 00 oo 


2,747 


55,640 


2,729 


10,567 


9,662 


XIO X»© J-O ooooooooooooooooooooo 


96 


9,869 


.68 


2,117 


1,951 


Tourist courts and camps 00 o 


49 


920 


40 


137 


131 


anU96iU6Zi X ^ooooooooooooooo oo 


96 


8,779 


61 


1,075 


X 


La Porte a 












XV" uali- vX dUS ooooooooooooooo 


60 


3,770 


54 


158 


141 


Selected service trades 00 oo 


15 


207 


14 


27 


25 


«uH-tS"iHS XIX ©o oooooooooooooooo 


Included with "Remainder of 


county" 




Pasadena 8 












XV3 X cLXcX. Xa £LLX*3 ooooooooooooooo 


149 


14,434 


132 


701 


547 


Selected service trades ooo 


49 


586 


50 


117 


112 


iiIiluL.^v?IU>^£Xlj 33 ooooooooooooooooo ■ 


Included with "Remainder of county" 




West University Places 












XV-' j i3.L.X. uJ ri-J.-"' o o OO OO OOO O oooo 


13 


1,156 


13 


49 


37 


Selected service trades o 00 


5 


52 


5 


11 


10 


Remainder of county s^/ 












XvGTtcLX-i- LIaU-5 ooooooooooooooo 


1,596 


74,496 


1,525 


3,399 


2,733 


WI10 a.© oELXG XrflG© oooooo oooooo 


76 


65,838 


52 


504 


X 


Selected service trades 000 o 


438 


4,232 


441 


532 


455 


Tourist courts and camps 000 


66 


1,046 


62 


146 


131 


JilU.U3ClIl" I«. '« O o o o o o o o oooooo oooo 


50 


1.644 


27 


277 


* 



x Not available o 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trade s 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 
j/ Except as indicated above, includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale,, 

not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments 

not located in cities of 5,000 inhabitants or more 



<r/4/v- 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-102 



HARRISON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Harrison County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census of Business, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $28.3 million, an increase of 
208 percent over the $9.2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
takeno Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $7.4 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $3.1 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Busi- 
ness recorded receipts totaling $1.6 million in 1948 compared with $0.5 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of l,9t>9 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with 
a total of 1,299 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Harrison County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Marshall. Final figures superseding 
the preliminary data for Harrison County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Harrison County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 
D. C. 

Table 1. -CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

HARRISON COUNTY, TEX. ____^__ 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group. *.... 

Eating and drinking places............ 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total 

Personal services ° • 

All other service trades 



AND CAMPS, 



524 
213 
66 
35 
25 
22 
26 
67 
23 
12 

% 

15 

126 

75 

5 l 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



28,328 
7,266 
1,008 
4,091 

3,583 

xM 

71399 

5,222 

2,177 

1,564 

85b 

708 

10£ 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not- 1948 



51 £ 

216 
64 
31 

to 

27 

65 
20 

13 

3£ 
22 

14 
8 

135 
80 

5 i 



Paid empl 

workweek 

nearest Not. 



oyees, 
ended 
16, 1948 



Total . 
employees ' 



1,447 
219 

173 
276 

75 

92 

186 

108 

169 

136 

? 5 
361 

282 

79 

Ut 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



1,224 
181 
132 
207 

60 
88 

l g 

153 

92 

69 
x 

x 

X 

314 

244 

70 

12 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



1939 Census of Business 



lOSIf 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1943 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HARRISON COUNTY, TEXo 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
u' incorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Marshall s 

Selected service trades .... 
Remainder of county s 

Selected service trades*... 



315 
109 



209 

17 



23,266 
1,513 



5,062 

51 



303 

118 



212 

17, 



1,259 
354 



188 

7 



1,091 
310 



133 

4 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
rounty in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revi- 
sion in the final Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The 
final Census figures will be issued in a series of Business 
Census bulletins which will show additional detailed kind-of- 
business information for all places where there are a suffi- 
cient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision 
of the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business 
Census be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. 
Previous Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 
1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual! May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; 
all wholesale trades; all service trades in the following 
four groups— personal services, business services, automobile 
repairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; ho- 
tels; tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including mo- 
tion picture theaters.' Some important services not covered 
are radio broadcasting and television, medical and health, 
legal, educational, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic serv- 

This coverage ia similar to that of the 1939 Business Cen- 
sus. However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer included in the standard 
classification of the service trades, are not covered by the 
1948 Census. In a number of localities, these exclusions as 
well as other changes in the standard classification may have 



a considerable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, par- 
ticularly with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. —For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the an- 
nual sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade es- 
tablishment and S500 for establishments in other trades. A 
detailed analysis of coverage will be provided in future Cen- 
sus of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business compa- 
nies or organizations, since the Census figures represent 
information reported separately for each business location or 
establishment. The establishment count reflects the number 
of places in business at the end of 1948 excluding adminis- 
trative and executive offices of multiunit organizations, and 
chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. —"1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures reflect deductions for 
returned goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise taxes collected from 
customers end paid directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. —"Active proprietors..." represents owners 
and partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the ma- 
jor portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. —"Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regu- 
lar or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period 
were paid for working at least the number of hours typically 
worked in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 4* 1950 Release Series BC -IP- 42-103 



HARTLEY COUNTY, TEX e 

Retail establishments located in Hartley County, Texas, showed an expansion in 
dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 194-8 according to preliminary figures released 
today by the Bureau of the Census, U e S Q Department of Commerce 

Thirteen retail establishments reported 1948 sales aggregating $453>000, an increase 
of 130 percent over the $197,000 reported by nineteen establishments in 1939* when the 
preceding Census of Business was taken 

Retail establishments reported thirteen active proprietors of unincorporated 
businesses in 1948 as compared with sixteen proprietors in 1939* Five paid employees 
were reported for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948, Of these, four worked 
the full workweek^ and one worked part of the week c The comparable total and full 
workweek figures for 1939 were nineteen and fifteen Q 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hartley County, 
TexaSo Final figures^ superseding the preliminary data for Hartley County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas. to be issued in several months,. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States,, A single copy of the preliminary release for Hartley County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D„ C„ 






1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-104 



HASKELL COUNTY, TEX„ 

Retail^, wholesale, and service establishments located in Haskell County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $7»8 million, an increase of 200 
percent over the $2 D 6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $3o5 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0 6 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $318,000 in 1948 compared with $164^000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades e Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 529 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 D This compared with a 
total of 344 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Haskell County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Haskell Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Haskell County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several month s Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Haskell County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census., Washington 25, D C 

Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HASKELL COUNTY, TjSX. 



1 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total oooooooooooooooooooooo 

r uocj. ^" P 00000000000000000000000000000 

Eating and drinking places » » 0000 
General merchandise grp, general stores 

Pr^ P° 0000000000000000000000000 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

All uOniOul vG ff r*OU.p OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 

Gasoline service stations 00 » e 
Lumber-building-hardware group » » 
D rug and proprietary sto resoooooooooooo 

A-L-L OuflSr rGucLl-L St»or6So ooooooooooooooo 

VV n UJj £jOAJ_j Li LDJ\uLj oooooooooo. ooooooooooooooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,2/ total. . . „ „ . „ . . 

rci wOiici_L o"l Vlvvbo ooooooooooooooooooooo 

All other service tra'des,,,,,,.,.,....: 


160 
33 
15 
10 
12 
7 
9 

34 
18 

9 
13 
15 
52 
30 
22 


7,848 

1,773 

256 

524 
516 

233 

1,206 

722 

1,876 

364 

378 

3,482 

318 

212 

106 


171 
38 

16 

7 
15 

8 
10 
35 
18 

9 
15 
17 
53 
31 
22 


438 
60 
64 
71 
36 

8 
54 
44 
49 
36 
16 
34 
57 
48 

9 


329 
44 
43 
39 
22 

4 
52 
41 
47 
26 
11 

x 
49 
42 

7 



x Not available,, 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades c 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HASKJiLL CuUi\fTY, TM 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group' 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
md receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total , 
employees* 



Full workweek 
employees 



Haskell: 

Retail trade 

Selected service trades 00 



ooooeoooooooooo 

o 



Remainder of county: 

rce l* 3.1 x ur*ciG.e co ooooooooeo ° 
Selected service trades o 



85 
18 



75 
34 



5,314 
183 



2,534 

135 



93 
18 



78 
35 



299 
39 



139 
18 



238 
37 



91 
12 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,. 




GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, o 
county in the United States, 
the 1948 Census of Business, 
ports submitted by business es 
figures shown are preliminary 
the final Census publications, 
be relatively minor with respe 
figures will be issued in a se 
which will show additional deta 
for all places where there are 
men t s. 



f which one is planned for each 
presents preliminary results of 

The information is based on re- 
tablishments for that Census. The 
, and are subject to revision in 

but the changes are expected to 
ct to coverage. The final Census 
ries of Business Census bulletins 
iled kind-of-business information 
a sufficient number of establish- 



The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade estabUsh- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Safes and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



406>C//L 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -LP- 42-105 



HAYS COUl.'TY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hays County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $10.2 million, an increase of 240 
percent over the $3.0 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $6.0 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2.1 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $542,000 in 1948 compared with $153,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades- Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 831 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 490 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 • 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hays County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of San Marcos. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Hays County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months.. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Hays County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HAYS COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



..... 



RETAIL TRADE, total.......... 

Food group. 

Eating and drinking places. 
General merchandise grp, general st 

Apparel group. 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance 
Automot ive group. ................. 

Gasoline service stations «... 

Lumber-building-hardware group.... 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores.... 



6 C • • « 

ores. 



grp. 



t> • • « • 



WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total, 

Personal services 

All other service trades 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 



220 
72 
21 
11 
6 
8 
21 
42 
16 
6 
17 
23 
12 
11 
82 
50 
32 
10 



10,249 

3 011 

390 

595 
302 

434 
2,042 
1,136 
1,345 

421 
. 573 
6,046 
3,302 
2,744 

366 
176 
11 



211 

72 

22 

6 

i 

20 

43 

10 

9 

X ? 
26 

15 

11 

82 

52 

30 

10 



613 
106 

94 
53 
17 
23 
97 
86 
53 
57 
27 
86 

71 

15 

132 

111 

21 

4 



502 
81 
65 
39 
13 
21 

93 

78 

: : 

38 

24 

x 

x 

X 

110 
95 
15 

— 1 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less 
2/ See General Description on last 
in the coverage of Service Trade 



than the full workweek, 
page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
s. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HAYS COUNTY, TEX, 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars! 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


San Marcos? 

ucbaxX t/FaUv o*©©*©*©*©*©©* 

Selected service trades,. „ 

Remainder of county s 

Wholesale trade c . ..»..» »c . 
Selected service trades.. . 


156 
14 

65 

64 

9 

17 


7,930 

4,267 

474 

2,319 

1,779 
68 


148 
14 

66 

63 
12 
16 


505 

50 

124 

108 

% 

8 


412 

X 

104 
90 

X 

6 



x Not available. 

1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades „ 
2/ Included employees paid for less than the full workweek*, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
off ices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts.— "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment.— "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



tfdfl.C 



1948 CERSUS Of BUSINESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 3, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-106 



HEMPHILL COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hemphill County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U« S e Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1943 aggregated $3-9 million, an increase of 160 
percent over the $1.5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $740,000 in 1948 as compared with 
$237,000 in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded re- 
ceipts totaling $121,000 in 1948 compared with $60,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above tradeso Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 296 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 134 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hemphill County, 
Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Hemphill County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Hemphill County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, Do C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

HEMPHILL COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


iXS~}Xs\JLl~t XEUiLiJJliy vOLd>J.n oc*oc*»©*««»©o««e9oe* 
r OOQ grOUp ••••••* c^9eoeo*e>«e«e*«eeoeea« 

Gasoline service stations. .••«>•.•...•.. 

All other retail stores........ ........ 

WHOLESALE TRADE. .*..... ....•••..•.e..«o.. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES^.. ••••••••• e.... 


53 

11 

8 

34 

7 

13 


3,850 
850 
231 

2,769 

740 
121 


54 
9 
6 

39 

5 

13 


166 

33 

10 

123 

12 

28 


137 

22 

8 

107 

X 

28 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek* 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades o 



GENEHAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
; he 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
figures shown are preliminary, and 
i ' e subject to revision in the final 
Cens.us publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins winch will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1^48 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
vears 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of 15,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and S500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Propr ietors . — "Active proprietors ..." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of busihess 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-107 



HENDERSON COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Henderson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. • 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $14.0 million, an increase of 
198 percent over the $4.7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $6.3 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $1.0 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Busi- 
ness recorded receipts totaling $544,000 in 1948 compared with $152,OOC in 1939* 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 19^8 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
756 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15* !948o This compared 
with a total of 590 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report- on Henderson 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Athens. Final figures, super- 
seding the preliminary data for Henderson County, will be included in a Bulletin for 
the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available 
this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Henderson County as well as an order bxank for o.ner 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 

Da V a 

Table 1. -CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HENDERSON COUNTY. TEXo 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



....©oo.»»«c>«.©o..«o© 
>......o.oo. 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 
Food group... 

Eating and drinking places.. 
General merchandise grp, general stores. 
Apparel group ..o.ouo.*o..»....».u«>°oo» 
Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 

Aut OmOt iVe grOUp e.os,».o..o..ce.oo..o*eo 

Gasoline service stations .......©coo... 

Lumber-building-hardware group. ........ 

Drug and propr iet ary stores „ *.••«••*•« 

All other retail stores ... ........ ..... 

WHOLESALE TRADE. ........ .a... ..co.oo.ooo. 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,2/ total. ........ 

Personal services ...... ....... ..o»<.«-» 

All other service .trades. ... ..... ...... 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



281 
81 

35 
32 

9 
11 

20 
46 
15 
11 
21 
17 
74 
44 
-22. 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



14,018 

2,958 

413 

1,889 

277 

695 



."',656 
944 

1,853 
380 
953 

6,2 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



282 

83 

36 

27 
8 

25 
49 
10 
LC 

21 
17 
77 

48 

_22 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



590 
59 
83 

133 
2? 

27 
94 
48 
59 
35 
29 
66 
100 
77 

_21 



478 
46 
64 
93 
20 
26 
92 
33 
59 
27 
18 
x 
90 
73 

_J2 



--•• . 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HENDERSON COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars ) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Athens % 

Selected service trades,,.. 
Remainder of county % 

Selected service trades... 


136 
43 

145 

31 


10,228 
379 

3,790 
165 


134 

48 

148 
29 


457 

88 

133 
12 


387 
79 

91 
11 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 



in the coverage of Service Trades 8 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek « 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



t?/\ I /_ iA 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



I"! MaTr t r 777^ Release Series BC-1P- 42-108 

For Release May 15, ±W , — 



HIDALGO COUNTY, TEX 



Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hidalgo County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U, S, Department of Commerce «, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $87.2 million, an increase of 
345 percent over the $19.6 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business 
was taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $108.6 million in 1948 
as compared with $19.5 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $3.9 million in 1948 compared with $0,8 million 

in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
10,419 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This com- 
pared with a total of 5,949 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hidalgo 
County! "efas! "icTfalso includes data for the cities of ^^f£^£^ n ' 
Mercedes, Mission, Pharr and Weslaco. Final ^^'^^^^1^"^ to 
data for Hidalgo County, will be included in a Bulletin far zhe State of Texas 
bf issued in several months. Similar data will be made ^able^s ye ax in 
preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single cop} oi 
?he preliminary release for Hidalgo County as well as an order blank for other area 
released ™e obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



l m. 



Page 2 



Table h— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HIDALGO COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek 


ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov, 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


es t&u - 
lishments 




un i ncor 
porated 


Total 1 


Full 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


businesses 
Nov. 1948 


employees 


workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE , "tOtaJ. ooooeooooooooeooo e-< • • • 


1,521 


87,214 


1,526 


4,663 


3,951 


J OOU. gT OUp ooooeo»ooooooooo»oo»»eco»o»«o 


528 


20,651 


555 


703 


550 


Eating and drinking places ooooooooo<,«oo 


264 


4,810 


263 


740 


646 


General merchandise grp, general stores. 


98 


9,195 


84 


684 


464 


Appai e J. gl* Olip oooooooooooooooooooooooeoo 


57 


4,440 


48 


250 


190 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp« 


80 


5,392 


68 


276 


262 


Automotive \gr oup O oooooooooooooooooo« o o • 


69 


15,252 


72 


645 


625 


Gasoline service stations o o « o o O ooo«o ooo 


124 


4,541 


132 


269 


244 


Lumber-building-hardware group „ <, <, o <> c o 


101 


13,384 


102 


577 


536 


Drug and proprietary stores ooo.ooooooo. 


53 


2,856 


63 


227 


181 


All other retail stores O ooo<>»oooo««o«o 


147 


6,693 


139 


292 


253 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total O o«o»ooooooo»oeo««o 


199 


108,599 


156 


5,124 


X 


Merchant wholesalers , total .o»oe.oo. oo 


76 


32,857 


51 


661 


X 


Groceries , loodSo »o»oooooo»ooooocooe« 


18 


11,018 


16 


245 


X 


Mach <, y> e q u ip'"t> industrial supplies„ 


19 


9,510 


3 


130 


X 


Automotive parts, accessor ies» „ ■ „.<, 00 


11 


1,418 


13 


64 


X 


All other merchant wholesalers . o o » . • » 


28 


10,911 


19 


222 


X 


Manufact*rs 9 sales branches, offices. oo 


6 


1,489 


- 


38 


X 


Petroleum bulk plants, terminals . . . » . . 


35 


.6,492 


31 


108 


X 


Agents, brokers (merchandise) 000 ooo «o.. 


6 


4,971 


4 


123 


X 


Assembler s of farm products ooooooooo.. 


76 


62,790 


70 


4,194 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total co ..... . 


364 


3,881 


364 


632 


555 


A 6FS0USLL S€*Vi66S oooooooooooooooooooaoo 


20^ 


1,761 


204 


428 


369 


All other service trades 00 oooo*ooo©oo». 


160 


2,120 


160 


204 


186 


11 \J1. HjJ-jO oogoooooooo«oooooooooooooococoooo»o 


18 


805 


8 


156 


L47 


TOURIST COURTS AMD CAMPS... «>.•.*. •......; 


61 


333 


54 


77 


61 


«J/iU O XLriMIii» iM Xwoooocogoooooooooooooooooooooo-so 


60 


1,487 


37 


201 


X 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek . 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service "Trades. • 



^/V^<3 




Table 2.-CENSUS OF BUS.NESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR .9*8 FOR C.TIES OF 2,b00 INHAB.TAHTS OR MORE 

HIDALGO COUNTY, TEX, 

(D ata omitted for trade groups vfhere necessary to avoid disclosure. 



Ciiy and trade group" 



ooooooooooooo 
o o o 



Donna; 

Retail trade 00 

Selected service trades „ 

Tourist courts and campso 

Edinburgs 

Retail trade oooooooooooooc 
Wholesale trade o o o o o o o <> <> < 
Selected service trades 00 < 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



McAllens 

Retail trade 00 
Wholesale trade 
Selected service trades 00 
Tourist courts camps 



ooooooooooooo 
oooooooooooo 



o O O o o o 



Mercedes; 

Retail trade 
Wholesale trade „ 
Selected service trades 



ooooooooooooooo 
ooooooooooo 





Mission? 

Retail trade 0OOO 
Wholesale trade „ 
Selected service tradesoo 



ooooooooooo 

ooooooooooo 
o o 



OOOOOOOO 1 



Pharr; 

Retail trade 000 o 

Selected service trades 00 o 

Amusements, 



looooooooooooooooo 



Weslaco; 

Retail trade ooooooooooooooo 
Wholesale trade oooooooooooo 
Selected service trades 00 o 

Remainder of countys %/ 

Retail trade ooooooooooooooo 
Wholesale trade 00 coeoo °ooo 
Selected service trades 00 »o 
Tourist courts and campsooc 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



92 

19 

6 



201 
14 
57 



223 
41 

77 
8 



122 

H 

26 



139 
22 
45 



129 

23 

6 



166 
28 
47 



449 
80 
70 
36 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 




4,837 

266 

14 



13,607 

10,036 

479 



23,154 

13,785 

1,211 

70 



6,777 

80 342 

243 



9p008 

9,459 

483 



4,981 
215 
173 



10,694 

26,491 

324 



14,156 

40,486 

660 

191 



Paid employees, workweek 
onded nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



95 



223 
10 
62 



206 
38 

74 
10 



112 

6 

29 



134 
15 
44 



126 

21 

5 



170 
22 
51 



46O 

65 
66 
30 



Total „ 

ffii>i oyet.:, ' 

251 
30 

6 



774 
431 

88 



Full workweek 
employees 



1,289 

553 

242 

7 



320 

280 

59 



489 

373 

68 



299 
24 
22 



580 

667 

53 



661 

2,820 

68 

52 



215 

24 

2 



647 

z 
76 



1,157 
x 

211 

5 



265 
x 

50 



388 

x 

63 



259 

24 

x 



4^1 

X 

49 



549 
x 

58 



1 



1/ see G^Sf Ascription on last pa E e for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades . 
2/ includes eMployees ^\^ZJT ^JtL"tZtze, not located in cities 

of 5,000 inhabitants or more 



^__ 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 

1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kmd-of -business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and 1500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-U2-109 



HILL COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hill County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 19^8 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the l^kd Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce . 

Retail sales in the county during I9I+8 aggregated $19 08 million, an increase of 219 
percent over the $6.2 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $10.7 million in I9I+8 as compared with 
$5 »9 million in 1939- The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $789,000 in 19^8 compared with $260,000 in 1939. 

Retail trade establishments in the county reported 1,053 paid employees for the 
workweek ended nearest November 15, 19^8. For the same week in 19^8, wholesale trade 
establishments reported 78 paid employees and the selected service trades reported 1^-1 
paid employees. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hill County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Hillsboro. Final figures, super- 
seding the preliminary data for Hill County, will be included in a Bulletin for the 
State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available 
this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Hill County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, 
D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HILL COUNTY, TEX. 









Active 


Pa i d etnp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


l ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars ) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total . . . . . „ . . . . . . ......... 


1+00 


19,809 


375 


1,053 


839 


1* OOQ. gpT'OLAjP ooooooooooooooooooeoooooccooo 


100 


l+,830 


100 


125 


99 


Eating and drinking places .. 000.0000000 


50 


. 733* 


5^ 


ll+7 


116 


General merchandise grp, general stores. 


2k 


2,480 


18 


231 


155 


Apparel group ... ....... • 


15 


602 


13 


3^ 


21 


Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp. 


2k 


1,*75 


22 


7^ 


62 


Automotive group »oo..o......oo.o.oooo.. 


31 


3,719 


30 


11+7 


ll+3 


Gasoline service stations ...... ...... . 


71 


1,393 


71 


76 


5 1 * 


Lumber -building -hardware group. ........ 


1+0 


2,757 


28 


106 


91 


Drug and proprietary stores. .0.00.0.0.. 


15 


627 


Ik 


51 


1+1+ 




30 


1,193 


25 


62 


51 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total 


35 


10,7*0 


36 


78 


x 


Merchant wholesalers ... ..... » ........ . 


12 


2,035 


11+ 


32 


X 


Other types of wholesale .....oo........ 


23 


8,708 


22 


1+6 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. . ...... . 


118 


789 


119 


ll+l 


129 




70 


1+81 


73 


109 






1+8 


308 


k6 


52 


32 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek , 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census cf Business in 

— the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HILL COUNTY, TEX. 

(Da-ta omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Pull workweek 
employees 


Hillsboros 

Hctfl JLX wI 8LG.6 • o«oo»*eooocao0 

Wholesale trade .00000=0.0.0 
Selected service trades 

Remainder of county-o 

Wholesale trade » . . . . . . . « <, 
Selected service trades 0.0. 


157 

21 
50 

21*3 
Ik 
68 


11,69k 
9,^5 

^73 

8,115 

1,258 

316 


lk6 
21 
51 

229 

15 

68 


711 
61 
92 

3^2 

17 

k 9 


581 
X 

89 

258 
X 

ko 



x Not available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The Information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, bnt the changes .are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business. Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of Jnne 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1988, 
1986. and 1989. 

Scope of the Census.— The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades is the following four 
groups— personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist conrts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1989 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a- number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1989 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Eetabliahment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognisable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $6, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. 1 detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organisations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 exclnding administrative and executive 
offices of multinnit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Salee end receiptm. — "1948 sales and receipts* represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors.— "Active proprietors... " represents owners and 
partners of nn incorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November IS, 1948. "Pull workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November IS pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-110 



HOCKLEY COUNTY, TEX 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hockley County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1943 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U S<> Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $19<>2 million, an increase of 611 
percent over the $2„7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken c 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $17 8 million in 1943 as compared with 
$l o million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recordeu 
receipts totaling $1 4 million in 1948 compared with $0 o l million in 1939 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,084 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 c This compared with a 
total of 382 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hockley County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Levelland Final figures, superseding 
the preliminarydata for Hockley County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
ol lexas to be issued in several months Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States A single copy of the 
preliminary release for Hockley County as well as an order blank for other area releases 
may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census , Washington 25, D c C Q 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HOCKLEY COUNTY, TEX C 









Active 


Pa i d emp 


Loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


[ ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


estab- 




unincor- 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


RETAIL TRADE, totalo ooooooooooooooooooooo 


230 


19,197 


221 


773 


617 


H U L) Li. gX V V-IL) ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places 00 co „ OQ 00 „ «oo 


51 


5,020 


51 


146 


97 


24 


548 


23 


99 


70 


Gen'l merchandise grp, general stores 00 o 


14 


1,306 


8 


107 


63 


■PPBTSJi gX Olipo ooooooooooooooooooooooooe 


7 


'340 


5 


14 


11 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


Jb 


1,000 


20 


30 


24 


Automotive group oooooooooooooooooooooo 


3,177 


21 


91 


86 


Gasoline service stations o<»o oo ooooooo o 


41 


1,288 


43 


84 


76 


Lumber-building-hardware group „ „ o » 


32 


4,883 


19 


111 


108 


Drug and proprietary stores 00 00 oooooo OQ 
All other retail stores oooooo <> O0 .ooooo 


13 


'717 


11 


62 


60 


16 


918 


20 


29 


22 


WHOLESALE TRADE, totalooo.o„,..,.,.. .o. 


33 


17,799 


23 


128 


X 


Merchant wholesalers,, ooooooo ooooooooooo 


U 


13,231 


8 


63 


X 


Other types of wholesale 01 ,o.oco.o.ooooo 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES , 2/tot al , oooo c . oo 


19 


4,568 


15 


65 


X 


89 


1,435 


98 


133 


168 


XcXoOIleLL SGr V XC8 Soooooooo oooooooooooooo 


W 


388 


45 


87 


82 


All other service trades 000 „ oco 00 00 coo 


& 


1,047 


53 


96 


86 



x Not available o 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades 



full workweek o 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HOCKLEY COUNTY, TEX e 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Levelland s 

I\fc? ual-J. uX cLLic oooo ooooo«ooooo 

Selected service trades 00 oo 
Remainder of county z 

£\>C u cIX.a. 11 dUc o oooooooooooooo 

Selected service trades o 00 



136 
61 



94 
28 



14,095 
1,080 



5,102 
355 



136 
66 



85 
32 



600 
149 



173 
34 



480 
145 



137 
23 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF RUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the Dnited States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Bnsiness Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 195^ 



Release Series BC-1P--2-11: 



HOOD OOUITY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments locate anty, Texas, 

showed a substantial expansion, in dollar volume cf -ale fro* 1 939 ; o ^according 
to preliminary figures from the 19*48 Census of Business released today by .he Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 19*8 aggregated fc- > an increase of 
?89 percent over the $0,9 million in 1939, vhen the preceding ^e was 

take?! Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5 19»* as compared _ 
'^$313,000 in 1939* The service trades included in the ( Biness recorded 

receipts totaling $111,000 in 19*8 compared with $35,000 . 

Employment in. the county also rose over the 9-year e wen L939 an ? 19-3 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades rep *J - 

178 paid employees for the workweek ended neares rember 15, 19 *«» compare 
with a total of 95 employees reported for the week af November .5, 1939- 

These preliminary fig-ares have been derived from a Census re aty, 

Texas, Final figures, superseding the preliminary da1 b . ._ 

included in. a Bulletin, for the State of Texas to be lc in several mcn^o. Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final «T the 

counties and States, A single copy of the preliminary release for Eood County at 
well as an. order blank for ether area releases may be sbtained v writing be .he 
Bureau of the Census, Washington. 25, D« Co 



Table 1. -CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

EOOD C0UHTY 5 TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 



RETAIL TRADE, total, ,,,..,,,» 
Food group. ..........«••<•.. 

Eating and drinking places. 
Gasoline service stations . < 
All other retail stores . 



WHOLESALE TRADE.,., . 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES 



9 

2/ 



000 

C C J 



o v c e o # « 



OOCt»00©C* 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



105 

19 

9 

22 

55 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 






Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



111 






7 

^4 



Total 
employees' 



166 
21 
36 
11 

9e 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



Ilk 

14 

6 
63 

x 

k 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the tineas 

2/ See General Description on last page for cha I Cersu, Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Cj S' 7 </ 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 

1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census, fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . ." 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 1*2-112 



HOPKINS COUNTY, TEX, 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hopkins County, Texas, 
shoved a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to I9I+8 according 
to preliminary figures from the I9I+8 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 19^8 aggregated $12,8 million, an increase of 
133 percent over the $5*5 million in 1939* vhen the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $k*Q million in I9I+8 as 
compared with $3ol million in 1939» The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $611,000 in 19^8 compared with $256,000 in 1939. 
Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 920 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948, This compared with 
a total of 795 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939= 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hopkins County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Sulphur Springs Final figures, super = 
seding the preliminary data for Hopkins County, will be included in a Bulletin for 
the State of Texas to be issued in several months » Similar data will be made avail- 
able this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States . A 
single copy of the preliminary release for Hopkins County as well as an order blank 
for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census , 
Washington 25, Do C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 

HOPKINS COUNTY, TEXo 



1948, BY TRADE GROUP 









Active 


Pa i d emp 


loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweek ended 




Number of 


and receipts 


tors of 


nearest Nov 


. 15, 194 8 


Trade group and kind of business 


es tab — 




un i ncor— 








lishments 




porated 


Total 


Full 






(Thousand 


businesses 


employees 


workweek 






dollars) 


Nov. 1948 




employees 


r RETAIL TRADE , total . . • . . . . <> . . . 3 . . . . . 


286 


12,837 


295 


695 


537 


J? OvJCl gJ-TOlXp a c •0CQ00OOOOCOOO»00Ooc*0O 


109 


2,709 


111+ 


65 


bJ» 


Eating and drinking places ......oooooo 


22 


k09 


23 


91 


87 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


22 


I/ 7 


17 


157 


98 


Appare j. group c.o.ooo.ooooooooococ..... 
Furniture -home furnishgs -appliance grp 


15 


677 


11+ 


56 


32 


9 




12 




28 


Automotive group 0=00.000.00.00.0000000 


15 


2,* 


11 


95 


90 


Gasoline service stations ..o.ooooooooo 


31 




36 


32 


21+ 


Lumber-building -hardware group* » . « „ 


22 


2,297 


22 


87 


71 


Drug and proprietary stores 


11 


522 


12 


i+2 


32 


All other retail stores 0.0.0.0000.00.. 


30 


951 


31+ 


l+l 


31 


WHOLESALE TRADE, total 


26 


*+.795 


26 




X 


Merchant wholesalers . . 


18 


3,^05 


18 


101+ 


X 


Other types of wholesale e . . „ . . . . . » 


8 


1,390 


8 


19 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total. „ 


78 




87 


102 


95 


Personal services . e <■ « . . . . . • . . . <, . . 


V7 




5^ 


70 


72 


All other service trades .,.0.00.00.... 


31 


2*+8 




2^ 


23 



x Not available o 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades „ 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

hopkins county, tex 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




1 
City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars 1 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Sulphur Springs; 


189 


11,5*9 


191 


669 


525 


Wholesale trade 


26 


h,795 


26 


123 


X 


Selected service trades <> <, <> „ <, 


6.3 


51 k 


71 


100 


93 


Remainder of comity; 












JAvs t 1 <S»J.JL WiSd© oooooQOo»ooo«evo 


97 


1,288 


10* 


26 


12 


Selected service trades 


15 


37 


16 


2 


2 



x Not 

l/ See General Description on 
in the coverage of Service 
2/ Includes employees paid for 



page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
than the full workweek o 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



ii*48 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 

For Release May 4, 1950 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

SURE AU OF THE CENSUS 



Release Series BC -IP -42-113 



HOUSTON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Houston County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $11.5 million, an increase of 203 
percent over the $3.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5.8 million in 1948 as compared with 
$1.5 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $442,000 in 1948 compared with $127,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 696 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total 
of 492 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Houston County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Crockett. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Houston County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Houston County as well as an order blank for other area • 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

HOUSTON COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



c o o • « < 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group 

Eating and drinking places... 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other .retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, W total 

Personal services 

All othe^r service trades 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



257 
96 
31 

18 

14 
6 

19 
29 
16 
8 
20 
19 
65 
47 
18 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



11,534 

2,814 

271 

1,131 

651 

485 

2,256 

626 

1,937 

330 

1,033 

5,753 

442 

337 

105 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



262 
97 
34 

18 
13 

5 
20 
32 
14 

9 
20 
22 
67 
49 
18 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



557 
77 
54 
93 
50 
25 
82 
44 
76 
25 
31 
59 
80 
68 
12 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



477 
63 
51 
59 
42 
24 
80 
39 
72 
21 
26 
x 
70 
61 

_2 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek, 
changes from the 1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1918 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HOUSTON COUNTY, TEX. 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group- 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



* o . • e «> 



Crockett % 
Retail trade... 
Selected service trades... 

Remainder of county % 

Retail trade 

Selected service trades... 



144 
50 



113 
15 



8,866 
385 



2,668 
57 



142 
52 



120 
15 



453 
73 



104 

7 



395 

64 



82 
6 



y See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 






GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, -and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade estabUsh- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-11/* 



HOWARD COUNTY, TEX* 

Retail, wholesales and service establishments located in Howard County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $28,7 million, an increase of 
193 percent over the $9.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken* Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $18.4 million in 1948 as 
compared with $6.0 million in 1939* The service trades included in the Census of 
Business recorded receipts totaling $1.7 million in 1948 compared with $0-6 million in 
1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,974 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 1,472 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 c 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Howard County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Big Springe Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Howard County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months c Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States . A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Howard County as well as an order blank tar ether area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D c •:. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HOWARD COUNTY TEX 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Novt 19 4 8 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees J 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total........ 



/c «oooe©oe>€«fc©*C'00««e>oooo&k'«o 



Eating and drinking places .„ 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

It-P^ glvUpt ©©0*©00©©©0©00©©©©00©©>Ji) 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Aut ©mot ive group eo.eo..«o.oc.o*ooooooo 

Gasoline service stations ......co... 

Lumber-building-hardware group. ....... 

Drug and proprietary stores . ..o.„...oo 

All other retail stores ........ ....... 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total. ©...o.oooo.oeiw.o 

i it? x cri oil v wnoicSaisrs .......oo..o...o.. 

Other types of wholesale...... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total 

Personal services.. ......... 

All other service trades.. 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 



■ o « © © o © o 



0C004D0Q00O0 



-# © * © O © © 



«©0©C©©0© 
««©4f«©«0t)©9CO 

© © © © 



© © o © • © o 



432. 

106 
? 5 

11 
20 
15 
32 
55 
29 

K 

47 

11 

134 
78 
56 



28,684 
5,839 
1,623 
3,175 

Hll 

6,300 
1,607 
3U01 

9C2 

3,559 

18,418 

8,22C 

10jl98 

1,735 

897 

838 

108 



1+4 JL 
109 

72 

4 
12 
L9 
38 

ft 
35 

22 
13 

137 

78 

?? 



m 



10! 



x. Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 19 2 9 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



<?/</-£ 3> 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 19^8 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 



HOWARD COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group - 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



c e © 9 e . 



b © . « « e 



Big Springs 

Wholesale trade . „ . . 
Selected service trades. 

Remainder of county % 

Wholesale trade. ...e.... 
Selected service trades. 



347 

42 

119 



85 

5 

15 



25,718 

12,027 
1,676 



2,966 

6,391 

59 



335 

32 

123 



86 
3 



1,322 
212 
277 



93 

65 
5 



1,053 
x 

256 



75 
x 

5 



x Not available. 

l/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 






GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Eusiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in th 
erable effect in c 
with respect to est 

Establishment de 
establishment is d 
from a recognizable 
sales were in exce 
ment and $500 for 
analysis of coverag 
ness publications 



e standard classification may have a consid- 
omparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
ablishment count. 

finition. — For Census purposes, a business 
efined to include only enterprises conducted 
place of business, provided that the annual 
ss of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
establishments in other trades. A detailed 
e will be provided in future Census of Busi- 



"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 






1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P- 42-115 



HUDSPETH COUNTY, T^X. 

Retail establishments located in Hudspeth County, Texas, showed a substantial ex- 
pansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary figures 
from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, U. S. 
Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $1.7 million, an increase of 240 
percent over the $0„5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trade. Retail establishments reported a total of 80 paid employees for 
the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 . This compared with a total of 57 em- 
ployees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hudspeth 
County, Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Hudspeth County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Hudspeth 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HUDSPETH COUNTY, TEX. 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total , 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


ru-il AIL IRAiUi, totalo . o . o o . o o . . o o o . o • . © » a 

■TUUU £^±OUpooooo.o.ooooe©.o.».o»oooo..© 

Eating and drinking places. .... . . ... o . 

Gasoline service stations. ..... <> . . . . . 

All other retail stores. . ....... . ... o e 


58 

10 
15 
19 

14 


1,722 

430 
246 
359 
687 


60 

12 

15 
20 

13 


80 

8 
29 
11 
32 


66 

6 

26 

q 

25 



workweek, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-Z+2-116 



HUNT COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hunt County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to pre- 
liminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U» S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $31 • 2 million, an increase of 181 
percent over the $11.1 million in 1939j when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $23.4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$11.1 million in 1939« The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $2.0 million in 1948 compared with $0.7 million in 193 9« 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 2,250 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 1,728 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939* 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hunt County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Commerce and Greenville. Final fig- 
ures, superseding the preliminary data for Hunt County, will be included in a Bulletin 
for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made 
available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. 
A single copy of the preliminary release for Hunt County as well a3 an order blank for 
other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 
25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

HUNT COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employe es J 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



«o..e..«ooooeo.o..oe. 
..eee.ooooeet'.ee.oG... 



>....«. 



. o o e . o 



©»«. ..«..*€>. •«.... «o.. 

O....0..OO. 



*• . • 



..... 



RETAIL TRADE, total. 
Food group... 

Eating and drinking places 
General merchandise grp, general stores 

Furniture-home fumishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations.. 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores.... 
WHOLESALE TRADE, total. 

jyiGT*cricunu wriO-L@ss.j-^r > s« a«e»««©©»*o«««©©© 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals 

Assemblers of farm products 

Other types of wholesale... 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,2/ total 

Personal services. 

All other service trades. 
TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 



«0©«»»««'» 



0©99«©090©a 

»»o<.»o*o«©«© 

a • © o a a 9 



>© © • a a • a 



> © o • a a o 
aaa©ooae< 



9©aa9©a©oat*CAe©a 



©©•aaeaoeaaoea 



>00«0©«CC99999©9©a 



567 
178 

28 

27 
27 
48 
87 
36 
18 
60 
56 
26 

13 
12 

206 

120 

86 

8 



31,155 
7,814 
923 
4,102 
1,467 
1,909 
6,532 

1,699 
3,974 
1,022 
1,713 
23,358 
13,534 
2,120 
4,798 

1,366 

604 

21 



557 

176 

66 

17 
26 
27 
46 
92 
27 
19 
61 

43 
20 

6 

3 
232 

129 

103 

_Z1 



,617 
218 

159 
428 

79 

93 

225 

86 

140 

99 

90 

290 

170 

27 
42 



3 
284 

59 
8 



1,292 

165 

130 

280 

57 

84 

220 

75 

134 

75 

72 

x 

X 

X 
X 
X 

306 

253 

53 
6 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
_J-he coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HUNT COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data, omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group" 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees^ 



Pull workweek 
employees 



Commerce ; 

Retail trade „«. 



4) O * © t> ♦ * 



Greenville : 

Retail trade »«.„, 
Wholesale trade*. «,, 
Selected service tradeso... 

Remainder of county s<2/ 

£f©T'«&X-X l*r<du@© ©ooocoocoo*©©© 

Wholesale trade.o 9a< oe OC . t . 



• »o«<s><»e»<so 



»©©©«•«© 



96 



289 
37 

111 



182 
-12 



4,930 



21,940 

20,834 

1,228 



4,285 



106 



273 

30 

122 



178 
-21 



272 



1,173 
231 

207 



172 
-51 



961 

x. 

191 

126 
x 



Not available. 

See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business ir 

the coverage of Service Trades. 

Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

Includes figures for establishments, other than wholesale, not located in cities of 

2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale establishments not located in cities of 

5*000 inhabitants or more. 



" 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1983, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 









1 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



-I For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-117 



HUTCHINSON COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Hutchinson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $26.8 million, an increase of 294 
percent over the $6.8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $11.8 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2.5 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $2.4 million in 1948 compared with $0.3 million in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,669 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 895 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Hutchinson 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Borger. Final figures, supersed- 
ing the preliminary data for Hutchinson County, will be included in a Bulletin for the 
State of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Hutchinson County as well as an order blank for other 
area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D.C. 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

HUTCHINSON COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie^ 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores. 

Apparel group 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total...* 

Personal services 

All other service trades 

HOTELS. 

x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than 

2/ See General Description on last page 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 



272 
53 

5 I 

13 
16 
21 

3§ 
18 

12 

u 

108 

67 

16 



26 
6 
1 
2 

1 
2 



2 

1 
1 
11 
8 
3 
2 
1 
1 



765 
422 
517 
290 
296 
256 
837 
674 
469 
286 
718 
777 
539 
238 
3S6 
036 
330 
170 



« 



252 
^8 

*5 

10 

15 
16 
41 
15 
10 
27 
29 
20 
9 
115 
69 
46 
13 



1,207 
187 
201 

185 
61 

94 
194 

1 

n 

151 

118 

3P1 

179 
132 

20 



994 
152 
167 
122 
50 

I 

63 



x 

296 

176 

120 

20 



the full workweek, 
for changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR i 94-S FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

HUTCHINSON COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total 
employees' 



Pull workweek 
employees 



Borger ; 

Retail trade. 

Selected service trades, 

Remainder of county? 

Retail trade , 

Selected serVS.ee trades, 



229 

88 



43 
20 



24,574 
2,187 



2,191 
179 



209 
94 



43 
21 



1,121 
285 



86 
26 



921 
270 



73 
26 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
193S, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade estabUsh- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Censns of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the aumber of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. .. " represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-118 



IRION COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail and service establishments located in Irion County^, Texas,, showed a sub- 
stantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary 
figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, 
U So Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated #880, 000 ^ an increase of 189 
percent ever the $305,000 in 1939^ when the preceding Census of Business was taken 
The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded receipts totaling 
$54 s OOO in 1948 compared with $5,000 in 1939o 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
29 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared 
with a total of 37 employees reported for the week of November 15* 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report- on Irion County, 
Texaso Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Irion County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months,, Simi- 
lar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of 
the counties and States Q A single copy of the preliminary release for Irion County 
as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the 
Bureau of the Census 9 Washington 25, D„ C« 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

IRION COUNTY, TEX„ 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 



OOOOOOOOOOyOOOOOOOOO 



F OOU ^rO *-*£) ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking place s s oo <>* oo ooo 
Gasoline service stations oo <> s . o <> o » o 
All other retail stores <>c >• <. »• » o » oo ,» 



SELECTED SERVICE TRADES2/ 



e * • 9 <o e • 



26 

6 

3 
8 

9 
8 



880 

2^0 

52 

172 

416 

54 



28 



5 

8 

8 



28 

6 

7 

4 

11 



26 

6 

7 

3 
10 



y Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek „ 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of ess 
in the coverage of Service Trades,, 



)•/ 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment . — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 4-2-119 



JACK COUNTY, TEX C 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jack County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $5°3 million, an increase of 179 
percent over the $1 9 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken, 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of #821,000 in I948 as compared with 
$274,000 in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $175,000 in 1948 compared with $76,000 in 1939, 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and I948 
for the above trades Establishments in the trades reported a combined total of 301 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 „ This compared with a 
total of 223 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jack County, 
Texas Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Jack County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued In several months «, Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States c A single copy of the preliminary release for Jack County as well 
as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of 



the Census, Washington 25, D„ C„ 



Table I.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

JACK COUNTY, TEX D 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees' 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 



oooeoooooooooooooooooo 



P UOO ^1 OUp oooeooooooooooooooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places . 

Gasoline service stations DO « » oc „<> »„ 00 . 

All other retail stores „ <, o 



ooooooooooo 



WllUJjiliOilljiii liiJLUVj oooooeoooooooooooooooooooo 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES ,-Aotal 



oooooooooo 



rOTSOXlBA. S6PVIC6S0 000000000000000000000 

All other service trades 



142 

32 
L4 
30 
66 

7 

37 

24 
13 



5,331 

1,257 
264 
590 

3,220 

821 

175 

137 
38 



154 

34 
16 

31 

73 

7 
39 

26 

13 



2.62 

34 

52 

3 7 

139 

14 

25 

24 

1 



195 

20 

45 

29 

101 

x 

23 

22 

1 



x Not available c 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades,, 



_ ajjTjj^ 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enJ of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 census Of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



1 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-120 



JACKSON COUNTY, TEXo 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jackson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U, S c Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $7*6 million, an increase of 262 
percent over the $2,1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1,6 million in 1948 as compared with 
■$0.3 million in 1939o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $287,000 in 1948 compared with $54,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 395 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 304 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jackson County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Edna. Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Jackson County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Jackson County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 

Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

JACKSON COUNTY, TEX, 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


RETAIL TRADE, total. ......a.............. 

V UUU ^I U '"If) ©ooooooooooooo oeooooooooooooo 

Eating and drinking places, ............ 

General merchandise grp, general stores, 

PP ^ §"OUPo ooooeooooooeo e> c o o © • o o o o o O 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp. 

Automotive group. ., ,,,„,, 

Gasoline service stations.............. 

Lumber-building-hardware group. 

Drug and proprietary stores. ........... 

All other retail stores................ 

WHOLESALE TRADE . 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/ total. ......... 

personal, servxees. eo........,......,ooo 

All other service trades. 


152 

41 

30 

12 

7 

5 

7 

15 

11 

5 

19 
8 

37 
22 

15 


7,647 

2,075 
407 
776 
272 
139 

1,359 
556 

1,213 
299 
551 

1,565 

287 
140 
147 


159 
40 
30 

10 

8 

6 

8 

16 

15 

6 

20 

5 

40 

24 

16 


324 
56 
46 
39 
19 
6 
45 
40 
34 
19 
20 
19 
52 
35 
17 


264 
43 
44 
33 
11 
5 
37 
32 
30 
12 
17 

X 

47 
31 
16 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



a^A/Lij. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

JACKSON COUNTY, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Edna i 












itS'OcLl-L "Gl^ctCiS OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO 


S7 


4,963 


99 


195 


158 


Selected service trades ooo.o 


21 


172 


22 


35 


32 


Remainder of county; 












Xtfe* L»CLXJ_ bl ClL.1" oooooooooooooooo 


65 


2,6S4 


60 


129 


106 


Selected service trades „ 


16 


115 


18 


17 


15 



1/ See Generaa Description on this i^age for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades „ 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek,, 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. ^ 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Eiecutive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment connt. 

Establishment definition. ~ For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in eicess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Foil workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



A^.^.u iJ. 



idi48 census of eusintss 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 4, 1950 



Release Series BC-1P-42-121 



JASPER COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail,, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jasper County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $13.8 million, an increase of 
345 percent over the $3.1 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken. Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $4.6 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $1.2 million in 1939. The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $512,000 in 1948 compared with $111,000 in 1939. 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades. Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
717 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared 
with a total of 389 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jasper County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Jasper. Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Jasper County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States. A single 
copy of the preliminary release for Jasper County as well as an order blank for 
other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, 
Washington 25, D. C„ 

Table 1. —CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

JASPER COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Noy. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



o O 



RETAIL TRADER total... 

Food group. 

Eating and drinking places.. 

General merchandise, grp, general stores 

Apparel group 

Furniture-»home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group.. .... . 

Gasoline service stations. 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores. . 

All other retail stores. 

WHOLESALE TRADE. ................ 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, £/total 

Personal services „ 

All other service trades..... 
HOTELS 



oonooeoooooooooooo 
eoooooeoaooo* eooeooooeo 
o o o o o o 

ral sti 

0000*00000 



'OOOOOOOO 
O • • o o 



' o o o oooooooo 



OOOOO»0O» 



O O O O 

• O O 

o © o 

• • o • 



245 
95 
30 
17 

6 
14 
26 
21 

8 

7 
21 

17 
55 
33 
22 

Data 



13,834 

3,297 

451 

2,285 

426 

662 

4,210 

742 

630 

460 

671 
4,600 
512 
339 
173 
withheld 



261 

100 

30 

14 

8 
14 
32 
23 

9 

9 
22 
14 
58 
32 
26 
to avoid 



566 

67 

86 

92 

17 

41 
139 

43 

21 

40 

20 

62 

89 

70 
19 
disclosure 



484 
55 
64 
69 
16 
36 

135 
39 
21 
32 
17 
x 

69 
53 
16 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

JASPER COUNTY 5 TEX 9 
(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group' 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



oooooooooe 



Jaspers 

Retail trade , 

Selected service trades. 

HotelSo o 



000000909000000 



Remainder of county? 
Retail trade, 
Selected service trades, 



90000000000 



10? 

31 

5 



138 
24 



7,977 

365 

49 



5,857 
147 



116 

34 

5 



145 
24 



362 
66 
10 



204 
23 



318 

47 

6 



166 
22 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there ar; * sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal servic es, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 19 39 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
off ices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 15 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-122 



JEFF DAVIS COUNTY, TEX<, 

Retail establishments located in Jeff Davis County, Texas, showed a substantial 
expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to preliminary figures 
from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the Census, U. S. 
Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $720, 000, an increase of 180 
percent over the $257,000 in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9=year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trade. Retail establishments reported a total of 26 paid employees for 
the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a total of 30 
employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939. 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jeff Davis 
County, Texas. Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Jeff Davis County, 
will be included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months. 
Similar data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each 
of the counties and States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Jeff Davis 
County as well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing 
to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D. C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE QR0UP 

JEFF frAVIS COUNTY, TEXo 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 16, 1948 



Total . 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total, 



4>«£C€}«G<I0««CO** 



Eating and drinking places...... 

Gasoline service stations....... 

All other retail stores. 



© © © o • 



©•©©••©©•••©•• 



27 

8 
6 

5 
8 



720 

245 
78 
99 

298 



Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek 



29 

9 

5 

5 

10 



26 

5 
14 

1 
6 



24 

4 

13 

1 

6 



^r-?? 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which wiJl show 
additional detailed kmd-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and $500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the enu of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 CftlSUS Of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 22, 1950 Release Series BC -IP- 42-123 

JEFFERSON COUNTY, TEXo 
Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jefferson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U c So Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $192 Q 8 million, an increase of 254 
percent over the $54»5 million in 1939* when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $117 ol million in 1948 as compared with 
I $35o4 million in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $11«3 million in 1948 compared with $2o9 million in 1939° 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9=year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades „ Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 15,263 
. paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 e This compared with a 
total of 9,552 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939c 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jefferson County , 

Texas, which also includes data for the cities of Beaumont and Port Arthur Final 
5 figures, superseding the preliminary data for Jefferson County, will be included in a 
1 Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will be 

made available this year in preliminary and final form for each cf the counties and 
I States. A single copy of the preliminary release for Jefferson County as well as an 

order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the 

Census, Washington 25, Do C. 



f/tn 



Page 2 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

JEFFERSON COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov- 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total . 
employees 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 

Food group o 

Eating and drinking places 

General merchandise grp, general stores 

Apparel group ...... 

Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group. . . . •••••••••••• 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores • 

All other retail stores..... 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total............. 

Merchant wholesalers, total..... 

Groceries, foods 

Hardware, elec T l, plum f g and heating 
Maeh'y, equip* t, industrial supplies 
Automotive parts, accessories....... 

All other merchant wholesalers...... 

Manufact f rs f sales branches, offices.. 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals 

Other types of wholesale 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, £/ total........ 

Personal services. . ......... ..o 

Automotive repairs and service. ....... 

Other repair services 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS............ 



2,437 

701 
505 

56 
125 
136 
131 
235 
114 

75 
359 

228 

167 
36 
13 
38 
20 
60 

29 
20 
12 

760 

440 

39 

139 

142 



192,816 

43,607 
13,263 
25,483 

15,464 
13,222 
34,888 

7,924 
16,200 

6,435 
16,325 

117,113 

72,751 
19,419 

9,422 
13,586 

3,989 
26,335 

22,635 
13,296 

8,431 
11,320 

6,024 
1,072 
2,156 
2,068 



2,189 

680 

478 

31 

79 

117 

110 

241 

95 

58 

300 

150 

116 

38 

7 

21 

13 

37 

1 
20 
13 

733 

426 

34 

138 

135 



10,786 

1,435 
2,217 
1,968 
966 
675 
994 
519 
720 
580 
712 

2,395 

1,762 
486 
159 
304 
201 
612 

423 

124 

86 

2,082 

l s 488 

149 
238 
207 



9,153 

1,110 
1,989 
1,500 
773 
651 
939 
434 
662 

439 
656 



x 
x 

X 
X 
X 
X 

X 
X 
X 

1,867 

1,314 
144 
220 
189 



Data withheld to avoid disclosure 



31 



476 



28 



86 



66 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



?/t>Tl 



Page 3 
Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

JEFFERSON COUNTY, TEXo 



(Data omitted for 


trade groups 


where necessary 


to avoid disclosure) 




City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 


Active propri- 
etors of 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


estab- 
lishments 


and receipts 


unincorporated 
businesses 








Total 


Full workweek 






(Thousand 
dollars) 


Nov. 1948 


employees 


employees 


Beaumont s 














1,285 


i:i4, 005 


1,107 


6,615 


5,621 


Wholesale trade o. •..•..... 


169 


95,585 


112 


2,062 


X 


Selected service trades .... 


431 


7,111 


403 


1,283 


1,180 


llOL>€? JL3> ooooooooo«»oa»«oo»o®«> 


22 


1,283 


18 


385 


375 


Tourist courts and camps ... 


15 


327 


15 


58 


45 


Port Arthurs 












±l>© valX T>I cMJ.© (ycce«ooocoeooc© 


737 


62,575 


676 


3,353 


2,831 


WHQx^Sc&X^ T-'I^SIOl© o ©oo©©o©©o©© 


51 


20, 466 


33 


304 


X 


Selected service trades . ... 


249 


3,535 


251 


707 


6C5 


fiOL'"JL.S ooo©©oo £>©©©©©©©©©©©©© 


15 


151 


16 


32 


29 


Tourist courts and camps... 




Included with "Remainder of county" 


Remainder of county s 












Xl*j IsclJLJL U X C&U.W Go©oooooaoc*oo© 


415 


16,236 


406 


818 


701 


Wholesale trade ............ 


8 


1,062 


5 


29 


X 


Selected service trades.. •• 


80 


674 


79 


92 


B2 


Tourist courts and camps... 


16 


149 


13 


28 


21 



See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 

Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

Except as indicated above, includes figures for establishments, other than 

wholesale, not located in cities of 2,500 inhabitants or more, and wholesale 

establishments not located in cities of 5,000 inhabitants or more. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Bnsiness Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Censns of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1988, 
1986, and 1989. 

Scope of the Cenaua. — The 1948 Censns of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal servic es, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1989 Bnsiness Censns. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these- exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 19S9 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Eatabl iehment definition. — For Census purposes, a bnsiness 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Censns of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Censns figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in bnsi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multinnit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sale* and receipt a. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs, and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for retorned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietore. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated boa in eases who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

■UftEAU Of THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 22, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-124 



JIM HOGG COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jim Hogg County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census , U. S Department of Commerce „ 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $3° 2 million, an increase of 113 
percent over the $1,5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken. 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $1.9 million in 1948 as compared with 
$0,3 million in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $184*000 in 1948 compared with $33 5 000 in 1939» 

Employment in the county decreased over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades , Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 200 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15? 1948 » This compared with a total 
of 223 employees reported for the week of November 15 % 1939 o 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jim Hogg County, 
Texas o Final figures, superseding the preliminary data for Jim Hogg County, will be 
included in a Bulletin for the State of Texas to be issued in several months . Similar 
data will be made available this year in preliminary and final form for each of the 
counties and States „ A single copy of the preliminary release for Jim Hogg County as 
well as an order blank for other area releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau 
of the Census, Washington 25, D C c 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

JIM HOGG COUNTY, TEX, 



Trade group and kind of business 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 

dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Not. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Not. 15, 1948 


Total 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


it J— i J. Mill x. F\J\.LJI-j a \j\J 1/ciX oooooooooooeoooooooooo 


86 


3,162 


84 


149 


132 


FOOd grOUp OOOOOOOOOOOOOO.OOO.O . . O , . . . . O 


28 


787 


30 


18 


17 


Eating and drinking places 


21 


159 


18 


14 


11 


Gasoline service stations „ <> ,, . . . , . » . . . , 


11 


254 


11 


17 


16 


All other retail store So,,.,,,,,,..,... 


26 


1,962 


25 


100 


88 


WHOLESALE TRADE, 000000000000000000000.000 


11 


1,908 


8 


28 


X 


SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total .......... 


24 


184 


32 


23 


22 


1 vl O \Ji IcLX &CI V1U Co o ooooooooooo eoo o o ooo oo 


15 


51 


20 


8 


7 


All other service trades,.,.,,.,..,,... 


9 


133 


12 


15 


15 



x Not available. 
1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business in 
the coverage of Service Trades 



<?/6?3 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 
1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one 
is planned for each county in the United 
States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Business. The infor- 
mation is based on reports submitted by 
business establishments for that Census. 
The figures shown are preliminary, and 
are subject to revision in the final 
Census publications, but the changes are 
expected to be relatively minor with re- 
spect to coverage. The final Census fig- 
ures will be issued in a series of Busi- 
ness Census bulletins which will show 
additional detailed kind-of-business in- 
formation for all places where there are 
a sufficient number of establishments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken 
under the provision of the Act of June 
19, 1948, which provides that the Busi- 
ness Census be taken for 1948 and for 
each fifth year thereafter. Previous 
Business Censuses were taken for the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census 
of Business covered all establishments 
in the following trades, as defined by 
the Standard Industrial Classification 
Manual, May 1949 issue, of the Executive 
Office of the President: all retail 
trades; all wholesale trades; all serv- 
ice trades in the following four groups — 
personal services, business services, 
automobile repairs and services, and 
miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, 
including motion picture theaters. Some 
important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and 
health, legal, educational, nonprofit, 
accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of 
the 1939 Business Census. However, "cus- 
tom trades" and "services incidental to 
transportation," which are no longer in- 
cluded in the standard classification of 
the service trades, are not covered by 
the 1948 Census. In a number of locali- 
ties, these exclusions as well as other 
changes in the standard classification may 
have a considerable effect in comparing 



1948 with 1939 data, particularly with 
respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census 
purposes, a business establishment is 
defined to include only enterprises con- 
ducted from a recognizable place of 
business, provided that the annual sales 
were in excess of $5,000 for a wholesale 
trade establishment and S500 for estab- 
lishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in 
future Census of Business publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the 
number of separate business locations, 
rather than the number of business com- 
panies or organizations, since the Cen- 
sus figures represent information re- 
ported separately for each business lo- 
cation or establishment. The establish- 
ment count reflects the number of places 
in business at the end of 1948 excluding 
administrative and executive offices of 
multiunit organizations, and "chain 
store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts . — "1948 sales and 
receipts" represents sales of merchan- 
dise and receipts from repairs and other 
services to customers. The figures re- 
flect deductions for returned goods and 
allowances, but not for trade-in allow- 
ances; they exclude sales and excise 
taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors. . . " 
represents owners and partners of unin- 
corporated businesses who devoted the 
major portion of their time to the busi- 
ness in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employ- 
ees..." represents all employees on the 
pay roll for the pay period ending near- 
est November 15, 1948. "Full workweek" 
employees, whether regular or seasonal, 
are those who in the November 15 pay pe- 
riod were paid for working at least the 
number of hours typically worked in a 
week by employees of the reporting estab- 
lishment. 



1948 CERSUS OF BUSIHESS 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-125 



JIM WELLS COUNTY, TEX* 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jim Wells County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U* S* Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $21*7 million, an increase of 274 
percent over the $5«8 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken* 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $27*4 million in 1948 as compared with 
$3*5 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1*5 million in 1948 compared with $0*2 million in 193 9« 

Employment in the county also TOge over the 9=-y©ar period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades* Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,690 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 918 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939« 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jim Wells 
County, Texas, which also includes data for the city of Alice* Final figures, supersed- 
ing the preliminary data for Jim Wells County, will be included in a Bulletin for the 
State of Texas to be issued in several months* Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States* A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Jim Wells County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, Do C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 19*8, 8Y TRADE GROUP 

JIM WELLS COUNTY, TEX© 





Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


JTlJu 1 A J, JL) IrUrUJilj^ "DOv-SiJLo ooooooooooooooesoooo© 
V OOO. ^.T'OUJp e©dooo«©oo©©oo«oeocooooo©oooo 

Eating and drinking places»,oo 89 ..c» oB 
General merchandise grp, general stores* 

Furniture-home fumishgs-appliance grp* 
Automob xve group 3**0*0*0*0*0*0*00000000 
Lra$o.L xne service stiat'Xons 0*0000*0000000 
Lumber-building-hardware group* * • * * * « © 
Drug and proprietary storesooo** 000.0*0 
ajll or* tier rex.aiJ« Stores* 00**0000000000* 

WHOLEoALIii TRADE, ,£3/ x>OT«a-L© *«o»©o*o*o**©©*a* 
Merchant/ wxioj.esaxerso ••00000000000000*0 
Petroleum bulk plants, terminals* * . * 
Other types of wholesale*©***.©©©©©***© 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES,.2/total©©oo*o»oo* 
irersonax services© «oo©©«o* 00*00000 ■> 
All other service trades* 0*0*0000*0 • 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS© *©©* 0*0*00000000 


385 
116 
101 
13 
13 
11 
20 
41 

11 

S 

39 
9 
10 
107 
52 
55 
L6 


21,679 

4,976 
1,591 

2,135 
700 

551 
4,141 
1,532 
4,125 

816 
1,118 
27,351 
15,245 
2,328 
9,778 
1,505 

440 
1,065 

178 


103 
11 

12 

if 

40 
19 
12 

3£ 

20 

7 

1 

110 

g 

16 


1,106 

155 
236 
121 

39 

27 

161 

92 

l 8 

245 
29 

$ 

111 
85 
17 


959 
131 
207 

80 

25 

152 
BU 

X 
X 

X 
X 

182 

14 






Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweeko 
2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Bu in 

the coverage of Service* Trades© 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

JIM WELLS COUNT!, TEX. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 


Number of 

estab- 
lishments 


1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1243 


Total -J 
employees-'- 


Full workwoeif 
employees 


Alices 

A-@ bSfeXJL X'l^SlQ.© oo£>aoo©ooT'Ooooc> 
WilOJLGScLiL© L»X«ilCL©o ©ooaoceecao 

Remainder of comity; 

JXe l&ajLJL X>A Su@o ooooooe«o 00000 

vyn©.LesaLe x>]raQ.e. oooooo©©oe» 


264 
42 

121 
16 


17,266 
15,601 

4,413 
11,750 


259 
23 

118 
5 


899 
246 

207 
142 


792 

X 

167 

X 



Not aYailahlee 
icludes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This fieries of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1848 Census of Easiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are rralinin£.ry, and s. rs subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
men t s. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
193B, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
ionrist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a busine;* 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $6, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



7/ 3<T3 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE, SERVICE TRADES 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



PRELIMINARY 



For Release May 8, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP -42-126 



JOHNSON COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Johnson County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according 
to preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau 
of the Census, U S c Department of Commerce, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated '$21,3 million, an increase of 
228 percent over the $6,5 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
taken , VJholesale sales in the county reached a total of $5<>7 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $2,3 million in 1939 o The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $946,000 in 1948 compared with $342,000 in 1939 <> 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 
for the above trades, Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 
1,312 paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948, This compared 
with a total of 941 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 , 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Johnson County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Cleburne, Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Johnson County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this 
year in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States, A single copy 
of the preliminary release for Johnson County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C. 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

JOHNSON COUNTY, TEX. 



. — 






Active 


Paid emp 


Loyees, 






1948 sales 


proprie- 


workweel 


. ended 




Number of 
estab- 


and receipts 


tors of 
unincor- 


nearest Nov 


15, 1948 


Trade group and kind of business 








lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 


Total . 
employees 


Full 
workweek 
employees 


JTIXjI AJ-Xj IrLAJJalj* UO LcLJL oooocoooooooo»ooooooo 


421 


21,336 


453 


997 


786 


r OOu ^J/OlI^Jo oeooooeoooooooooooooooooooo 


111 


5,514 


127 


141 


99 


Eating and drinking places. 


45 


717 


48 


134 


116 


General merchandise grp, general stores 


34 


2,193 


28 


186 


116 


rljPjp3.rG.jL ^rOXlJp 0000«O«0900»00O09 sooooo to 


18 


995 


21 


58 


51 


Furniture-home furnishgs-appliance grp 


15 


1,325 


16 


68 


62 


Automotive group o,oo.o,.oooooooo..ooo 


30 


3,285 


31 


108 


100 


Gasoline service stations ,,00,00000,,, 


66 


1,354 


77 


58 


32 


Lumber-building-hardware group. 


40 


2,846 


41 


120 


109 


Drug and proprietary stores, , , , , , . . , . „ 


17 


695 


19 


47 


36 


All other retail stores, ... ,„„,„, „ . .. , 


45 


2,412 


45 


77 


65 


wHOLEiDAEij IKADlii, tot a 1. 00000000000,00000 


34 


5,727 


31 


128 


X 


Merchant wholesalers 0,0.0,00.00,00.00 


11 


2,558 


11 


87 


X 


Other types of wholesale, , . , „ , , ,, , . , 
SELECTED SERVICE TRADES, 2/total. ....... . 


23 


3,169 


20 


41 


X 


130 


946 


141 


187 


174 


I Ci OvJI XcL_L. Ovi V XU t>Q^ 900 •0000 000 000 00000 


77 


611 


82 


155 


144 


All other service trades, . ., ....... , . 


53 


335 


59 


32 


30 



x Not available, 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 

2/ See General Description on last page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

JOHNSON COUNTY, T^X. 

(Data omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



1 



1 
City and trade group 


Number of 


1948 sales 
and receipts 


Active propri- 
etors of 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 


pql n u 


unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 






lishments 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


Total 
employees 


Full workweek 
employees 


Cleburne s 












ilGbalX Lr'aUCo oeooeooooooo oo 


247 


15,732 


266 


795 


657 


"Wholesale trade, , o » o , o <> . <> o o 


25 


4,933 


22 


100 


X 


Selected service trades 00 oo 


86 


767 


94 


167 


158 


Remainder of county g 












itSG'cLl_L LraCLco eooooooooooooo 


174 


5,604 


137 


202 


129 


WilOJ-© ScL-L C "01*3.06 oooooooooooo 


9 


794 


9 


28 


X 


Selected service trades,,.. 


44 


179 


47 


20 


16 



x Not available, 

\J See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades, 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Easiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the year3 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, .and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 19 39 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, ™ which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



other changes in the standard classification may have a consid- 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 data, particularly 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census purposes, a business 
establishment is defined to include only enterprises conducted 
from a recognizable place of business, provided that the annual 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholesale trade establish- 
ment and $500 for establishments in other trades. A detailed 
analysis of coverage will be provided in future Census of Busi- 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than the number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sates and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November 16, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL. WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 



PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



For Release May 15, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-127 



JONES COUNTY, TEX. 

Retail, wholesale, and service establishments located in Jones County, Texas, showed 
a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to prelim- 
inary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of the 
Census, U. S. Department of Commerce,, 

Retail sales in the county during 1948' aggregated $19.4 million, an increase of 240 
percent over the $5*7 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was taken c 
Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $9°3 million in 1948 as compared with 
$2.9 million in 1939° The service trades included in the Census of Business recorded 
receipts totaling $1.0 million in 1948 compared with $0.2 million in 1939 ° 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period between 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades* Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 1,185 
paid employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948. This compared with a 
total of 745 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939 c 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Jones County, 
Texas, which also includes data for the city of Stamfordo Final figures, superseding 
the preliminary data for Jones County, will be included in a Bulletin for the State 
of Texas to be issued in several months. Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and States A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Jones County as well as an order blank for other area 
releases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D s Cc 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR I9H8, BY TRADE GROUP 

JONES COUNTY, TEX. 



Trade group and kind of business 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie^ 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees" 



Full 
workweek 
employees 



RETAIL TRADE, total 
Food group* c.o... 
Eating and drinking places.. 
General merchandise grp, general stores 

<T.pjJax " X gi Olip » • •0e0«OOO*«G000C*««09C00 

Furniture -home furnishgs-appliance grp 

Automotive group 

Gasoline service stations. 

Lumber-building-hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores 

All other retail stores.. 

WHOLESALE TRADE, total 

Merchant wholesalers . ...... ...... 

Other types of wholesale ......... 

SELECTED SERVICE TRADES^g/ total... 

Personal services ......; 

All other service trades 

HOTELS ooB.oe.e.c 

TOURIST COURTS AND CAMPS 
AMUSEMENTS...... 



00000000000000 

ooooooeooo 

sral sto: 

o « • • • « 

iliance j 

ooooo0oooc0«a«oe00oooo 

oocoooeocooo 

'•••••••a 

o o o o o 

■ • • o 



OOOOOOO0OO0 



0OOOO0O0000O0OOOC0O0 

COOOO0OO00O0OOOO 



350 
80 

3 § 
38 

10 

18 

39 

58 

31 

12 

26 

36 

13 

23 

59 
6 
6 
8 



I 



19,416 

4,648 

679 

2,830 

385 

860 

,897 
,143 
,302 

562 
1,110 
9,342 
4,710 
4,632 

442 
52 

25 

183 



I 



3 t! 

41 
32 
12 
13 

>2 

24 
16 
22 

26 

7 

19 

^i 

64 
7 
6 

-2l 



935 
140 
109 
207 
30 
40 
146 

58 
106 

51 
48 

?5 

60 

35 

127 

28 

10 

2 

17 



740 

9k 

100 

L42 

21 

33 

139 

47 

97 

33 

34 

x 

X 

m 

28 
6 

1 



x Not available. 

1/ Includes employees paid for less than the 
2/ See General Description on last page for 
in the coverage of Service Trades. 



full workweek o 
changes from the 



1939 Census of Business 



Table 2.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948 FOR CITIES OF 2,500 INHABITANTS OR MORE 

JONES COUNTY, TEX, 

(Data, omitted for trade groups where necessary to avoid disclosure) 



City and trade group 



Number of 

estab- 
lishments 



1948 sales 
and receipts 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active propri- 
etors of 
unincorporated 
businesses 
Nov. 1948 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15, 1948 



Total , 
employees' 



Full workweek 
employees 



Stamfords 

Retail trade 

Selected service trades... 

Remainder of county; 

Retail trade 

Selected service trades... 



131 
45 



219 
85 



9,421 
539 



9,995 
485 



128 
49 



220 
96 



476 
76 



459 
79 



386 
69 



354 
70 



1/ See General Description on this page for changes from the 1939 Census of Business 

in the coverage of Service Trades. 
2/ Includes employees paid for less than the full workweek. 



GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF PRELIMINARY RELEASES FOR THE 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS 



This series of releases, of which one is planned for each 
county in the United States, presents preliminary results of 
the 1948 Census of Easiness. The information is based on re- 
ports submitted by business establishments for that Census. The 
figures shown are preliminary, and are subject to revision in 
the final Census publications, but the changes are expected to 
be relatively minor with respect to coverage. The final Census 
figures will be issued in a series of Business Census bulletins 
which will show additional detailed kind-of-business information 
for all places where there are a sufficient number of establish- 
ments. 

The 1948 Census of Business was taken under the provision of 
the Act of June 19, 1948, which provides that the Business Cen- 
sus be taken for 1948 and for each fifth year thereafter. Pre- 
vious Business Censuses were taken for the years 1929, 1933, 
1936, and 1939. 

Scope of the Census. — The 1948 Census of Business covered 
all establishments in the following trades, as defined by the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, May 1949 issue, of 
the Executive Office of the President: all retail trades; all 
wholesale trades; all service trades in the following four 
groups — personal services, business services, automobile re- 
pairs and services, and miscellaneous repair services; hotels; 
tourist courts and camps; and amusements, including motion pic- 
ture theaters. Some important services not covered are radio 
broadcasting and television, medical and health, legal, educa- 
tional, nonprofit, accounting, and domestic services. 

This coverage is similar to that of the 1939 Business Census. 
However, "custom trades" and "services incidental to transpor- 
tation, " which are no longer included in the standard classifi- 
cation of the service trades, are not covered by the 1948 Cen- 
sus. In a number of localities, these exclusions as well as 



may have a consid- 
data, particularly 



rposes, a business 
terprises conducted 
ded that the annual 
ale trade establish- 
trades. A detailed 
ure Census of Busi- 



other changes in the standard classification 
erable effect in comparing 1948 with 1939 
with respect to establishment count. 

Establishment definition. — For Census pu 
establishment is defined to include only en 
from a recognizable place of business, provi 
sales were in excess of $5, 000 for a wholes 
ment and $500 for establishments in other 
analysis of coverage will be provided in fut 
ness publications. 

"Number of establishments" is the number of separate busi- 
ness locations, rather than t^e number of business companies or 
organizations, since the Census figures represent information 
reported separately for each business location or establishment. 
The establishment count reflects the number of places in busi- 
ness at the end of 1948 excluding administrative and executive 
offices of multiunit organizations, and "chain store" warehouses. 

Sales and receipts. — "1948 sales and receipts" represents 
sales of merchandise and receipts from repairs and other serv- 
ices to customers. The figures reflect deductions for returned 
goods and allowances, but not for trade-in allowances; they ex- 
clude sales and excise taxes collected from customers and paid 
directly to any taxing agency. 

Proprietors. — "Active proprietors..." represents owners and 
partners of unincorporated businesses who devoted the major 
portion of their time to the business in November 1948. 

Employment. — "Number of paid employees..." represents all 
employees on the pay roll for the pay period ending nearest 
November IB, 1948. "Full workweek" employees, whether regular 
or seasonal, are those who in the November 16 pay period were 
paid for working at least the number of hours typically worked 
in a week by employees of the reporting establishment. 



1948 census of Business 

RETAIL, WHOLESALE. SERVICE TRADES 

PRELIMINARY 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

BUREAU Of THE CENSUS 



For Release May 1, 1950 



Release Series BC -IP- 42-1 28 



KARNES COUNTY, TEX, 

Retail^ wholesale, and service establishments located in Karnes County, Texas, 
showed a substantial expansion in dollar volume of trade from 1939 to 1948 according to 
preliminary figures from the 1948 Census of Business released today by the Bureau of 
the Census, U S, Department of Commerce 

Retail sales in the county during 1948 aggregated $12 o million, an increase of 
264 percent over the $3° 3 million in 1939, when the preceding Census of Business was 
takeno Wholesale sales in the county reached a total of $11,2 million in 1948 as com- 
pared with $2o3 million in 1939c The service trades included in the Census of Business 
recorded receipts totaling $475,000 in 1948 compared with $110, 000 in' 1939 a 

Employment in the county also rose over the 9-year period oetween 1939 and 1948 for 
the above trades Establishments in these trades reported a combined total of 730 paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948 This compared with a total 
of 530 employees reported for the week of November 15, 1939° 

These preliminary figures have been derived from a Census report on Karnes County, 
Texas, vhich also includes data for the city of Kenedy 6 Final figures, superseding the 
preliminary data for Karnes County,, will be included in a Bulletin for the State of 
Texas to be issued in several months Similar data will be made available this year 
in preliminary and final form for each of the counties and Statesc A single copy of 
the preliminary release for Karnes County as well as an order blank for other area re- 
leases may be obtained by writing to the Bureau of the Census, Washington 25, D, C = 



Table 1.— CENSUS OF BUSINESS PRELIMINARY RESULTS FOR 1948, BY TRADE GROUP 

KARNES COUNTY, TEX, 









Active 


Paid employees, 






1948 sales 


proprie-