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Full text of "1956 supplement to Election laws of Montana"

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1956 N>?'<^^' 



SUPPLEMENT ^^! 






ELECTION LAWS 

OF MONTANA 



^ 



Compiled by 

S. C. Arnold 

Secretary of State 

Helena, Montana 

July 1, 1955 

Published by authority. 



Montana State Library 



3 0864 1004 2498 8 

NTENTS 




Absentee or physically incapacHjpted voter: 

Application for ballot, 23-1302-3,-7 Pages 16-17 

School bond election, 75-3913 Page 17 

Ballot: Columns and material to be printed 

upon, 23-1109-10,-12 Pages 13-15 

Cities and towns: Commission -Manager form, 

dispensing of general election when, Chapter 75 Page 18 

Committeemen, county and city central, 

how elected, 23-929 Pages 10-12 

County Budget System, limiting total emergency 

expenditures, 16-907 Pages 3-5 

Direct primary: date of holding, 23-902 Page 7 

Election Notices, 23-903 Page 7 

Judges and Clerks, 11-717 Page 3 

Judges: District, 93-302 Page 18 

Nominations: Petitions; filed when and where, 23-912 Page 10 

form of, 23-911 Page 9 

political parties, 23-909 Page 8 

Polls: Time of opening and closing of, 23-1202 Page 16 

Platform, State, candidates to formulate, 23-932 Page 12 

Presidential electors and delegates, 23-1002 Page 12 

Conduct of State Convention, 23-1007 ,... Page 13 

Expenses: payment of convention, 23-1008 Page 13 

Time of State convention, 23-1006 Page 12 

Primary Election: date of, holding, 23-902 Page 7 

Notices, 23-903 Page 7 

Register of candidates, 23-913 Page 10 

Registration of voters, 23-503 Page 5 

Deputy registrars and compensation, 23-505 Page 6 

Transfer of registration within county, 23-509 Page 6 

School Bond Elections, conduct of, 75-3913 Page 17 

Voting places, 11-717 Page 3 



"11-717. Election Judges and Clerks — Voting Places. The council 
or other governing body must appoint judges and clerks of election, 
and places of voting. Where the city or town is divided into wards 
there must be at least one (1) voting place in each ward and there 
may be as many more as the council or other governing body shall fix, 
and the elector must vote in the ward in which he resides. In cities 
and towns divided into wards the election precincts must correspond 
with the wards, but a ward may be subdivided into several voting 
precincts, and when so divided the elector shall vote in the precinct 
in which he resides. In cities and towns operating under the com- 
mission, or the commission-manager plan of municipal government, 
where there ai'e no wards for election purposes and the officers of the 
city or town are elected at large, the election precincts shall corre- 
spond with the election precincts in such city or town as fixed by the 
board of county commissioners for state and county elections, but such 
precincts may be by the city commission divided into as many voting 
precincts, to facilitate the voting and counting of the vote, as the city 
commission shall by ordinance provide, and the elector shall vote in 
the voting precinct so designated, in which he resides. For all munici- 
pal elections the city council or other governing body may appoint a 
second or additional board of election jiidges for any voting precinct 
in which there were cast three hundred and fifty (350) or more votes 
in the last general city election or in which council or other governing 
body believes as many as three hundred and fifty (350) ballots will be 
cast in the next general city election, and such additional board of 
election judges shall have the same powers and duties, and under the 
same conditions, as the second or additional board of election judges 
for general elections appointed by boards of county commissioners under 
the provisions of section 23-601. Provided that in municipal corpora- 
tions of less than one thousand five hundred (1,500) population, as 
determined by the last official census, the council or other governing 
body may by ordinance provide that there shall be but one polling or 
voting place for municipal elections, notwithstanding the number of 
wards or precincts in the municipality otherwise provided for. All 
municipal elections must be conducted in accordance with the general 
laws of the State of Montana relating to such election." 

As amended by Chapter 14, Laws of 1955. 



"Section 16-1907. (4613.6) EMERGENCY EXPENDITURES- 
NOTICE AND HEARINGS — OBJECTIONS BY TAXPAYERS — AP- 
PEAL— NOTICE AND HEARING DISPENSED WITH IN EXTREME 
CASES— EMERGENCY WARRANTS— TAX LEVY— LAPSE OF AP- 
PROPRIATIONS. 

(1) In a public emergency, other than such as are hereinafter 
specifically described, and which could not reasonably have been fore- 
seen at the time of making the budget, the Board of County Commis- 
sioners, by unanimous vote of the members present at any meeting, 
the time and place of which all the Commissioners shall have had rea- 
sonable notice, shall adopt and enter upon their minutes a resolution 
stating the facts constituting the emergency and the estimated amount 
of money required to meet such emergency and shall publish the same, 
together with a notice that a public hearing will be held thereon at the 
time and place designated therein, but which shall not be less than 
one week after the date of said publication, at which any taxpayer 
may appear and be heard for or against the expenditure of money for 
such alleged emergency. Such resolution and notice shall be published 
once in the official newspaper of the County, and if there be none 
then in a newspaper of general circulation in the County. 

(2) Upon the conclusion of such hearing, if the Commissioners 
shall approve of such emergency expenditure, they shall make and 
enter upon their official minutes, by unanimous vote of all of the mem- 

—3— 



bers of the Board present at such meeting^, an order setting forth the 
facts constituting such emergency together with the amount of ex- 
penditure authorized by them therefor, which order, so entered, shall 
be lawful authorization for them to expend such amount, but no more, 
for such purpose, subject however, to the following limitations: No 
expenditures shall be made or liability incurred pursuant to said order 
until five (5) days, exclusive of the day of entry of said order, shall 
have elapsed, during which time any taxpayer or taxpayers of said 
County feeling aggrieved by said order may appeal therefrom to the 
District Court for such County by filing with the Clerk of such Court 
a verified petition, a copy of which shall theretofore have been served 
upon the County Clerk and Recorder of said County as the Clerk of 
the Board of County Commissioners. Said petition shall set forth in 
detail the objections of the petitioner or petitioners to said order, 
giving their reasons why the said emergency does not exist. The ser- 
vice and filing of such petition shall operate to suspend such emer- 
gency order and the authority to make any expenditure or incur any 
liability thereunder, until final determination of the matter by the 
Court. 

(3) Upon the filing of such petition the Court shall immediately 
fix a time for hearing such petition which shall be at the earliest con- 
venient time. At such hearing the Court shall hear the matter de 
novo and may take such testimony as it deems necessary. Its pro- 
ceedings shall be summary and informal and its determination as to 
whether an emergency, such as is contemplated within the meaning 
and provisions of this Act, exists or not, and whether the expenditure 
authorized by said order is excessive or not shall be final. 

(4) The total of all emergency budgets, and appropriations made 
therein, in any one year, to be paid from the county poor fund shall 
not exceed the amount which would be produced by a mill levy equal 
to the difference between the mills levied in that year and the maxi- 
mum mill levy authorized by law to be made for such fund, computed 
against the taxable value of the property subject to such levy, as shown 
by the last completed assessment roll of the County. 

(5) Upon the happening of an emergency caused by fire, flood, 
explosion, storm, earthquake, epidemic, riot, or insurrection, or for the 
immediate preservation of order or of public health, or for the restora- 
tion of a condition of usefulness of which has been destroyed by acci- 
dent, or for the relief of a stricken community overtaken by calamity, 
or in settlement of approved claims for personal injuries or property 
damages, exclusive of claims arising from the operation of any public 
utility owned by the County, or to meet mandatory expenditures re- 
quired by law, the County Commissioners may, upon adoption by unani- 
mous vote of all members present at any meeting, the time and place 
of which all members shall have had reasonable notice, of a resolu- 
tion stating the facts constituting the emergency, and entering the 
same upon their minutes, make the expenditures or incur the liabilities 
necessary to meet such emergency without further notice or hearing; 
provided, that the aggregate total of all expenditures made or liabil- 
ities incurred in any fiscal year to meet emergencies other than such 
as are caused by fire, flood, explosion, earthquake, epidemic, riot or 
insurrection, shall not exceed the sum of twenty-five thousand dollars 
($25,000.00) in counties of classifications 1, 2, 3 and 4; fifteen thou- 
sand dollars ($15,000.00) in counties of classifications 5 and 6, and 
seven thousand five hundred dollars ($7,500.00) in counties of class- 
ification 7 unless the excess above said sum shall first have been auth- 
orized by a majority of the taxpaying freeholders of such County, who 
are registered electors therein, voting at a general or special election. 
The question of authorizing such excess expenditure shall be submitted 
in the following form, inserting in the ballot the amount of the excess 
proposed to be authorized and a description of the emergency to be 
met: 



"Shall the Board of County Commissioners of County, 

Montana, be authorized to make additional expenditures and incur ad- 
ditional liabilities in the amount of $ over and above 
the sum of , to meet an emergency caused by 

D Yes. 

n No." 

Notice of such election shall be given by posting notice thereof 
at least fifteen (15) days before such election in three (3) public places 
in each voting precinct within the County and by publishing such notice 
for not less than ten (10) days before the date of such election. 

(6) All emergency expenditures shall be made by the issuance 
of emergency warrants drawn against the fund or funds properly 
chargeable with such expenditures, and the County Treasurer is author- 
ized and directed to pay such emergency warrants with any money in 
such fund or funds available for such purpose, and if, at any time, 
there shall not be sufficient money available in such fund or funds to 
pay such warrants then such warrants shall be registered, bear in- 
terest and be called in for payment in the manner provided by law for 
other county warrants. 

(7) The County Clerk and Recorder shall include in his annual 
tabulation to be submitted to the Board of County Commissioners the 
total amount of emergency warrants issued during the preceding fiscal 
year, and the County Commissioners shall include in their tax levies 
a levy for each fund sufficient to raise an amount equal to the total 
amount of such warrants, if there be any, remaining unpaid at the 
close of such preceding fiscal year because of insufficient money in 
such fund to pay the same; provided, however, that no levy shall be 
made for any fund in excess of the levy authorized by law to be made 
therefor; and provided further, that the Board of County Commissioners 
may submit the question of funding such emergency warrants at any 
election, as provided by law, and if at any such election the issuing of 
such funding bonds be authorized it shall not then be necessary for 
any levy to be made for the purpose of paying such emergency war- 
rants. 

(8) All appropriations, other than appropriations for incompleted 
improvements in progress of construction, shall lapse at the end of the 
fiscal year; provided that the appropriation accounts shall remain open 
for a period of thirty (30) days thereafter for the payment of claims 
incurred against such appropriations prior to the close of the fiscal 
year and remaining unpaid. After such period shall have expired, all 
appropriations except as hereinbefore provided, regarding incompleted 
improvements, shall become null and void, and any lawful claim pre- 
sented thereafter against any such appropriation shall be provided for 
in the next ensuing budget." 

As amended by Chapter 207, Laws of 1955. 



"23-503. (555) METHOD OF REGISTERING. Any elector re- 
siding within the county may register by appearing before the county 
clerk and ex officio registrar and making correct answers to all ques- 
tions propounded by the county clerk touching the items of information 
called for by such registry card, and by signing and verifying the af- 
fidavit or affidavits on the back of such card. Any elector serving in 
the armed services of the United States or in the Merchant Marines 
of the United States, or who is a civilian outside the United States, 
officially attached to and serving with the armed forces of the United 
States, may register by appearing before any commissioned officer, 
and make correct answers to all questions called for by such registry 
card, and by signing and verifying the affidavit or affidavits on the 

—5— 



back of such card, and by mailing said card to the county clerk of the 
county in which the said voter resides. 

"If any person shall falsely personate another and procure the 
person so personated to be registered, or if any person shall represent 
his name to the county clerk or to the registration clerk or to any other 
person qualified to register an elector, to be different from what it 
actually is, and cause such name to be registered, or if any person shall 
cause any name to be placed upon the registry lists otherwise than in 
the manner provided in this Act, he shall be guilty of a felony, and upon 
conviction be imprisoned in the State Penitentiary for not less than 
one (1) nor more than three (3) years." 

As amended by Chapter 83, Laws of 1953. 



"Section 23-505. (557) Notaries and Justices of the Peace — Dep- 
uty Registrars — Compensation. All notaries public and justices of the 
peace are designated as deputy registrars in the county in which they 
reside, and may register electors residing in any precinct within the 
county and shall receive as compensation for their services the sum 
of twenty-five cents (25c) for each elector registered by them, pro- 
vided that they shall receive no cohipensation for their services where 
the elector resides less than ten (10) miles from the county courthouse. 
The County Commissioners shall appoint a deputy registrar, other 
than notaries public and justices of the peace, for each precinct in the 
county. Such deputy registrar shall be a qualified, taxpaying resident 
elector in the precinct for which he is appointed and shall register 
electors in that precinct, and shall receive as compensation for his 
services the sum of twenty-five cents (25c) for each elector registered 
by him. Each deputy registrar shall forward by mail, within two (2) 
days, all registration cards filled out by him to the County Clerk and 
Recorder." 

As amended by Chapter 80, Laws of 1955. 



"Section 23-509. (560) Transfer of Registration Within County. 
Every elector, on changing his residence from one precinct to another 
within the same county, may cause his registry card to be transferred 
to the register of the precinct of his new residence, by executing in per- 
son a registry card as described in Section 23-502 before the deputy 
■registrar of the new precinct or before a notary public or justice of the 
peace residing within the county, provided that the deputy registrar, 
notary public or justice of the peace will receive no compensation for 
this service, or by a request in writing to the County Clerk of such 
county, in the following form: 

"I, the undersigned elector, having changed my residence 
from Precinct No. to Precinct No. in the County 

of , State of Montana, herewith make ap- 
plication to have my registry card transferred to the precinct 
register of the precinct of my present residence. My registra- 
tion number is 

Dated at , on the day of , 19 

"Whenever it shall be more convenient for any elector residing 
outside of an incorporated city or town to vote in another precinct in 
the same political township in the county, such elector may cause his 
registry card to be transferred from the precinct of his residence to 
such other precinct, by filing in the office of the County Clerk of such 
county, at least thirty (30) days prior to any election, a request in 
writing in the following form: 

—6— 



"I, the undersigned elector, herewith make application to 

have my registry card transferred from Precinct No. , 

to the register of Precinct No. , in the County of , 

State of Montana. The reason why it is more convenient for 
me to vote in said Precinct No. is that 



Dated at on the day of , 19 . 

"Where the elector desires to change his place of registration with- 
in a oounty by a request in writing to the County Clerk as provided, 
above, the County Clerk shall compare the signature of the elector 
upon such written request, with the signature upon the registry card 
of the elector as indicated, and may question the elector as to any of 
the information contained upon such registry card, and if the County 
Clerk is satisfied concerning the identity of the elector and his right 
to have such transfer made, he shall endorse upon the registry card 
of such elector the date of the transfer and the precinct to which 
transferred, and shall file said card in the register of the precinct of 
the elector's present residence, or of the precinct to which he has re- 
quested that his registry card be transferred, and the County Clerk 
shall in each case make a transfer of the elector's name, together with 
all data connected therewith, to the proper precinct in the register. 

"Where the elector changes his place of registration within a 
county by executing a new registry card in the presence of a deputy 
registrar, notary public or justice of the peace as provided in the first 
paragraph of this Section, the County Clerk shall file said new card 
in the register of the precinct of the elector's present residence and 
shall make a transfer of the elector's name, together with all data 
connected therewith, to the proper precinct in the register. The old 
registry card shall be marked 'cancelled' and placed in the 'cancelled 
file' described in Section 23-511." 

As amended by Chapter 80, Laws of 1955. 



"23-902. (632) DATE OF HOLDING PRIMARY ELECTION- 
PURPOSE OF. On the first Tuesday of June, preceding any general 
election not including special elections to fill vacancies, municipal 
elections in towTis and cities, irrigation district and school elections, at 
which public officers in this state and in any district or county are to 
be elected, a primary nominating election shall be held in accordance 
with this Act in the several election precincts comprised within the 
territory for which such officers are to be elected at the ensuing elec- 
tion, which shall be known as the primary nominating election, for the 
purpose of choosing candidates by the political parties, subject to the 
provisions of this Act, for United States Senators and Representatives, 
in Congress and all other elective state, district and county officers, 
and delegates to any constitutional convention or conventions that may 
hereafter be called, who are to be chosen, at the ensuing election wholly 
by electors within the state, or any subdivision of this state, for the 
purpose of expressing preferences for candidates for President of the 
United States, and also for choosing and electing county central com- 
mitteemen and comraitteewomen by the several parties subject to the 
provisions of this Act." 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 



"Section 23-903. (633) Primary Nominating Election Notices. 
It shall be the duty of the county clerk, twenty (20) days before any 
primary nominating election, to prepare printed notices of such elec- 
tion, and mail two of said notices to each judge and clerk of election 

—7— 



in each precinct; and it shall be the duty of the several judges and 
clerks immediately to post said notices in public places in their re- 
spective precincts. Said notices shall be substantially in the following 
form: 

PRIMARY NOMINATING ELECTION NOTICE 

Notice is hereby given that on , the day 

of ., 19 , at the , in the precinct 

of , Montana, a primary nominating election 

will be held at w^hich the (insert the names of political parties subject 
to this law) will choose their candidates for state, district, county, 
precinct and other offices, namely (here name the offices to be filled, 
including a senator in congress, delegates to any constitutional conven- 
tion then called, and candidates for county central committeemen to 
be elected); which election will be held at ten o'clock A. M., and will 
continue until eight o'clock P. M. of said day; provided that in precincts 
ha\ing less than one hundred (100) registered electors the polls must 
be opened at one o'clock in the afternoon of election day and must be 
kept open continuously until eight o'clock P. M. of said day, when they 
must be closed; provided further, that whenever all registered electors 
in any precinct have voted the polls shall be immediately closed. 

Dated this day of , 19 

, county clerk." 

As amended by Chapter 207, Laws of 1955. 



"23-909 (639) POLITICAL PARTY NOMINATIONS MADE EX- 
CLUSIVELY AS HEREIN PROVIDED. Every political party which 
has cast three per centum (3^r) or more of the total vote cast for 
Representative in Congress at the next preceding general election in 
the county, district or state for which nominations are proposed to be 
made, shall nominate its candidates for public office in such county, 
district or state, under the provisions of this law, and not in any other 
manner; and it shall not be allowed to nominate any candidate in the 
manner provided by Section 23-801. Every political party and its 
regularly nominated candidates, members, and officers, shall have the 
sole and exclusive right to the use of the party name and the whole 
thereof, and no candidate for office shall be permitted to use any word 
of the name of any other political party or organization than that of 
and by which he is nominated. No independent or non-partisan candi- 
date shall be permitted to use any word of the name of any existing 
political party or organization in his candidacy. The names of candi- 
dates for public office nominated under the provisions of this law shall 
be printed on the official ballots for the ensuing election as the only 
candidates of the respective parties for such public office in like man- 
ner as the names of the candidates nominated by other methods are 
required to be printed on such official ballots. 

Any political party that did not cast three per centum (3%) or 
more of the total vote cast for Representative in Congress, as above, 
and any new political party about to be formed or organized, make 
nominations for public office as provided in Section 23-801. At the 
primary election herein provided, of each year In which a President and 
Vice-President of the United States are to be nominated and elected, 
the several political parties recognized by the laws of this state shall 
express their popular choice for the party nomination for the President 
of the United States. That the names of persons desirous of becoming 
candidates for President shall have their names placed on the primary 
ballot, provided for herein, in the following manner: 

—8— 



1. Any person who is a candidate for the nomination of his party 
for President of the United States, may, beginning- sixty (60) days 
prior to the said June primary, and not later than forty (40) days 
prior to said election, file with the Secretary of State, an affidavit of 
candidacy, requesting that his name be entered on the president:al 
primary ballot of his party, stating in said affidavit the name of his 
party. 

2. Beginning sixty (60) days prior to said primary election and 
not later than forty (40) days prior to said election, there may be 
placed on the ballot, by petition, filed with the Secretary of State, 
the name of any person as a candidate for the nomination for the 
presidency of the United States; provided, however, the candidate 
whose endorsement is desired, shall be a member of a party that re- 
ceived not less than five percent (5%) of the total number of votes 
cast at the next preceding presidential election. 

The said petition may consist of one (1) or more writings or pages 
of signatures bound together, and shall include the following informa- 
tion : 

(a) The name of the candidate whose endorsement is desired, 
and the name of the political party on whose ballot the name is to be 
entered. 

(b) A statement that the filing is made in good faith and for 
the purpose of advancing the candidacy of the person whose name is 
fUed. 

The said petition shall contain signatures of electors of not less in 
number than one percent (1%) of the number of votes cast at the next 
preceding presidential election. After the signature of each elector, 
there shall be written his post office address and the congressional 
district in which he resides. Provided, however, that not more than 
twenty percent (20%) of the number of required signatures shall be 
electors of any one county. 

That the names of the persons filed for candidates for President 
in this Act, shall be printed on the primary ballots provided for by 
Section 23-919 of the Revised Codes of Montana, 1947, in the following 
form: 

Candidates for President 

□ John Doe 
n Richard Doe 
D 



and that the said ballot shall be canvassed and counted in the manner 
as provided by Section 23-921, Revised Codes of Montana, 1947. 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 



"23-911. Form of petition for Nomination. The petition for nomi- 
nation required by the preceding section shall be substantially in the 
following form: 

To (name and title of officer with whom petition is to 

be filed) and to the members of the 

party and the electors of the (state or counties of 

comprising the district or county or city, as the case may be) in the 
State of Montana; 

I - .reside at and my 

post office address is I am a candidate of the 

—9— 



party for the nomination for the office of 

at the primary nominating election to be held in the 

(State of Montana or district, or county or city) on the 

day of , 19 , and if I am nominated 

as the candidate of the party for such office I will 

accept the nomination and will not withdraw, and if I am elected I will 
qualify as such officer. 

"If I am nominated and elected I will, during my term of office 
(here the candidate, in not exceeding one hundred words, may state 
any measure or principles he especially advocates). 



Signature of Candidate for Nomination. 



"Every such petition shall be signed as above by the elector seeking 
such nomination." 

As amended by Chapter 6, Laws of 1953. 



"23-912. (644) Time for Filing Petitions for Nominations. All 
petitions for nomination under this act for offices to be filled by the 
state at large or by any district consisting of more than one (1) county, 
and nominating petitions for judges of district courts in districts con- 
sisting of a single county, shall be filed in the office of the secretary 
of state not less than forty (40) days before the date of the primary 
nominating election; and for other offices to be voted for in only one 
(1) county, or district or city, every such petition shall be filed with 
county clerk or city clerk as the case may be, not less than fort>- (40) 
days before the date of the primary nominating election." 

As amended by Chapter 19, Laws of 1955. 



"23-913. Register of Candidates. The secretary of state, county 
clerk and city clerk shall keep a book entitled 'Register of Candidates 
for Nomination at the Primary Nominating Election,' and shall enter 
thereon on different pages of the book for different political parties 
subject to the provisions of this law, the title of the office sought and 
the name and residence of each candidate for nomination at the pri- 
mary election; the name of his political party; the date of receiving the 
petition for nomination signed by the candidate; and such other in- 
formation as may aid him in arranging his official ballot for said pri- 
mary nominating election. Immediately after the canvass of votes 
cast at a primary nominating election is completed, the county clerk, 
secretary of state or city clerk, as the case may be, shall enter in his 
book marked 'Register of Nominations,' the date of such entry, the 
name of each candidate nominated, the office for which he is nominated, 
and the name of the party making the nomination." 

As amended by Chapter 6, Laws of 1953. 



"Section 23-929 (662) COUNTY AND CITY CENTRAL COM- 
MITTEEMEN, HOW ELECTED. 

(1) There shall be elected by each political party subject to the 
provisions of this Act, at said primary nominating election, two (2) 
committeemen, one (1) of which shall be a man and one (1) of which 
shall be a woman, for each election precinct, who shall be residents of 
such precincts. Any elector may be placed in nomination for commit- 
teeman and committeewoman of any precinct by a writing so stating, 

—10— 



signed by such elector, and filed in the office of the county clerk within 
the time required in this Act for the filing of petitions naming indi- 
viduals as candidates for nomination at the regular biennial primary 
election. The names of the various candidates for precinct committee- 
men and comniitteewomen of each political party shall be printed on 
the ticket of the same in the same manner as other candidates and the 
voter shall express his choice among them in like manner as for such 
other candidates. 

(2) The committeemen and committeewomen thus elected shall 
be the representatives of their political party in and for such precinct 
in all ward or subdivision committees that may be formed. The com- 
mitteemen and committeewomen elected in each precinct in each county 
shall constitute the county central committee of each of said respect- 
ive political parties. Those committeemen and committeewomen who 
reside within the limits of any incorporated city or town shall con- 
stitute ex-officio the city central committee of each of said respective 
political parties and shall have the same power and jurisdiction as to 
the business of their several parties in such city matters that the count- 
ty committee have in county matters, save only the power to fill va- 
cancies in said committee, which power is vested in the county central 
committee. Each committeeman and committeewoman shall hold such 
position for the term of two (2) years from the date of the first meet- 
ing of said committee immediately following their election. 

(3) In case of a vacancy happening, on account of death, resig- 
nation, removal from the precinct, or otherwise, the remaining members 
of said county committee may select a committeeman or committee- 
woman to fill the vacancy and he shall be a resident of the precinct 
in which the vacancy occurs. Said county and city central committees 
shall have the power to make rules and regulations for the government 
of their respective political parties in each county and city, not in- 
consistent with any of the provisions of this law, and to elect two (2) 
county members of the state central committee, one (1) of which shall 
be a man and one (1) of which shall be a woman, and the members of 
the congressional committee, and said committee shall have the same 
power to fill all vacancies and make rules in their jurisdiction that 
the county committees have to fill county vacancies and to make rules. 
In the event there is no county central committee in any county the 
state central committee of the political party having no county central 
committee in said county shall appoint a county central committee 
therein to consist of committeemen and committeewomen as herein 
provided and said county central committee shall have the same powers 
and duties as county central committee elected, as now provided by 
law. 

(4) Said county and city central committee shall have the power 
to make nomination to fill vacancies occurring among the candidates 
of their respective parties nominated for city or county offices by the 
primary nominating election where such vacancy is caused by death, 
resignation or removal from the electoral district, but not otherwise. 

(5) In each year when a President of the United States is to 
be elected, said committee shall meet within fifteen (15) days after 
the primary election herein provided for, and shall organize by electing 
a chairman and one (1) or more vice-chairmen, provided that either 
the chairman or first vice-chairman shall be a woman. They shall 
also elect a secretary and such other officers as they shall think proper. 
It shall not be necessary for such officers to be precinct committeemen 
or committeewomen. They may select managing or executive com- 
mittees and authorize such subcommittees to exercise any and all 
powers conferred upon the county, city, state and congressional central 
committees respectively by this law. The chairman of the county cen- 
tral committee shall call said central committee meeting and not less 
than ten (10) days before the date of said central committee meeting 

—11— 



shall publish said call in a newspaper published at the county seat and 
shall mail a copy of the call, enclosing- a blank proxy, to each precinct 
committeeman. No proxy shall be recognized unless held by an elector 
of the precinct of the committeeman executing the same. 

(6) The county chairman of the party shall preside at the county 
convention. No person other than a duly elected or appointed com- 
mitteeman, committeewoman, or officer of the committee shall be 
entitled to participate in the |)roceedings of the committee. No proxy 
shall be recognized unless held by an elector of the precinct of the 
committeeman or committeewoman executing the same. In case of 
the absence of any committeeman or committeewoman and his or her 
duly appointed proxy, the convention may fill the vacancy by appointing 
some qualified elector of the party, resident in the precinct, to rep- 
resent such precinct in the convention. 

(7) The county convention shall elect delegates and alternate 
delegates to attend the state convention provided for herein, in a num- 
ber equal to the total number of state senators and state represent- 
atives elected from said county to the Legislative Assembly. That the 
chairman and secretary of the county convention shall issue and sign 
certificates of election of said delegates. 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 



"23-932. Candidates to Formulate State Platform. The candidates 
for the various state offices, and for the United States senate, repre- 
sentatives in Congress and the legislative assembly nominated by each 
political party at such primary, and senators of such political party, 
whose term of office extends beyond the first Monday in January of 
the year next ensuing, and the members of the state central committee 
of such political party, shall meet at the call of the chairman of the 
state central committee not later than September fifteenth next pre- 
ceding any general election. They shall forthwith formulate the state 
platform of their party. They shall thereupon proceed to elect a chair- 
man and vice chairman, provided that either the chairman or vice chair- 
man shall be a woman, of the state central committee and perform such 
other business as may properly be brought before such meeting." 

As amended by Chapter 8, Laws of 1953. 



"23-1002. (673.2) EXCLUSIVE METHOD OF SELECTING 
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS AND DELEGATES TO NATIONAL PO- 
LITICAL CONVENTIONS— COMMITTEEMEN AND CHAIRMAN. 
All political parties in Montana shall hereafter nominate their presi- 
dential electors and elect their delegates to national conventions in the 
manner provided by this Act. It shall be the duty of each political 
party to select in each county in the state in such manner as is now 
provided by law, or by the rules of the party in case the law does not 
so provide, a precinct committeeman and precinct committeewoman 
for each election precinct, a county chairman in each county and a 
state chairman. 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 

23-1003 to 23-1005 Repealed 

"Section 23-1006 (673.6) TIME OF STATE CONVENTION 
ELECTION OF PRESIDENTIAL ELECTORS AND DELEGATES TO 
NATIONAL CONVENTION. Not later than fifteen (15) days after 
said county convention and on a date set by the chairman of the state 

—12— 



central conimittt'e, the delegates (or alternate delegates, in case any 
elected delegate cannot attend), shall hold a state convention at the 
state capital in Helena, Montana, for the purpose of electing delegates 
and alternates to the national convention of the parties and presiden- 
tial electors. That the delegates and alternate delegates to the national 
conventions of each political party shall consist of three (3) delegates 
from each of the congressional districts, and the remaining delegates 
and alternates from the state at large. That the delegates and alter- 
nate delegates so elected shall support the candidate whose candidacy 
is preferred as a result of the within primary until released by said 
candidate or unless said candidate shall not be nominated by said na- 
tional convention or shall receive less than twenty percent (20%) of 
the total votes cast on any ballot. 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 



"23-1007. (673.7) CONDUCT OF STATE CONVENTION. Said 
state convention shall be conducted in accordance with the party rules, 
subject, however.to the following requirements: 

The chairman of the state central committee shall call the state 
convention and shall publish the call at least once in a newspaper 
published at the seat of the government. Said call shall be published 
not less than ten (10) days, and a copy of the call shall be mailed to 
the county chairman in each county. The chairman of the state central 
committee shall preside over the convention and, together with a sec- 
retary chosen bv the convention, shall sign certificates of election, 
which shall be delivered as credentials to the several persons elected 
by the convention as delegates to the national convention of said 
party, and certificates of nomination for presidential electors for said 
party which shall be filed with the Secretary of State. Only regularly 
elected delegates or alternates shall be entitled to sit in said convention 
or participate in its proceedings and no proxies shall be recognized 
by the convention. In case of the absence of a member or members 
of the delegation elected from any county the delegates present for 
said county shall be entitled to cast a number of votes equal to the 
number of delegates elected to the convention from said county. 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 



"23-1008 (673.8) PAYMENT OF CONVENTION EXPENSES. 
The entire expense of conducting the county and state conventions 
herein provided for shall be defrayed by the several political parties, 
except that each elected delegate or alternate who shall attend the 
state convention and participate therein shall receive the sum of seven 
(7) cents per mile for each mile actually travelled by him in going to 
and returning from said convention, said mileage to be computed by 
the shortest practicable route, and to be paid out of the general funds 
of the county in the same manner as other election expenses." 

As amended by Chapter 266, Laws of 1955. 



"23-1109. Columns and Material to Be Printed on Ballot. Each 
ballot shall contain at the top the stub as provided by section 23-1114, 
and directly undei-neath the perforated line shall be the following words 
in bold face type, 'VOTE IN ALL COLUMNS'. Each ballot shall con- 
tain three (3) columns. At the head of the first column to the left 
shall be the words, 'STATE AND NATIONAL', in large bold face type, 
followed by a list of all candidates for state and national offices, in- 
cluding supreme court justices, and district court judges, and such list 

—13— 



shall progressively continue on to the top of the second column. Fol- 
lowing the list of state and national candidates shall be the words 
'COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP', in large bold face type, and beneath such 
heading shall be listed all candidates for the legislative assembly, county 
and township offices and such list shall progressively continue on to the 
top of the third column. Following the list of county and towTiship 
candidates shall be the words 'INITIATIVES, REFERENDUMS, AND 
CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS,' in large bold face type, and 
listed thereunder shall be all proposed constitutional amendments and 
measures to be voted on by the people at such election which do not 
involve the creation of any state levy, debt or liability. In case there 
are no such measures to be submitted, the said heading entitled 'INITIA- 
TIVES, REFERENDUMS, AND CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS,' 
SHALL be eliminated. Every ballot shall be so printed that all matter 
heretofore required to be printed on each ballot shall be equally appor- 
tioned among the three columns as nearly as possible in the order here- 
tofore and hereafter specified. All such measures which involve the 
creation of a state levy, debt or liability shall be submitted to the 
qualified voters upon a separate official ballot in substantial conformity 
with the form provided for by section 23-1112, for the submission of 
such measures." 

As amended by Chapter 72, Laws of 1953. 



"23-1110. Words to Be Printed. At the bottom of the first and 
second column to the left shall be the words, 'VOTE IN THE NEXT 
COLUMN'. Likewise, at the top of the second column shall be the 
words 'STATE AND NATIONAL (continued)' and at the top of the 
third colunm shall be the words 'COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP (contin- 
ued)' to indicate the continuation of the list of candidates under each 
respective heading to the following column if after all the printed mat- 
ter is equally apportioned among the three columns, one column is 
insufficient to contain all the candidates listed under each of the afore- 
mentioned headings." 



As amended by Chapter 72, Laws of 1953. 



"23-1112. Ballot to Facilitate Expression of Voter's Choice. In 
case of a short term and a long term election for the same office, the 
long term office shall precede the short term. The ballots shall be so 
printed as to give each voter a clear opportunity to designate his 
choice of candidates by a cross mark, (X) in a square at the left of 
the name of each candidate. Above each group of candidates for each 
office shall be printed the words designating the particular office in 
bold face capital letters and directly underneath the words, 'VOTE 
FOR' followed by the number to be elected to such office. As nearly 
as possible the ballot shall be in the following form: 



-14— 



(Stub hereinafter provided for by Section 23-1114) 

Perforated Line 

VOTE IN ALL COLUMNS 



STATE AND NATIONAL 



FOR PRESIDENTIAL 
ELECTORS TO VOTE FOR 
PRESIDENT AND VICE 
PRESIDENT OF THE 
UNITED STATES. 

VOTE FOR ONE 



Democrat for President 
of The United States 



JOHN DOE 

For Vice President 

of The United 

States 

RICHARD ROE 



For Presidential Electors: 
Jane Doe; Helen Doe; Pete 
Moe; Milton Moe 



(Same with other candidates 
for President and Vice 
President together -with 
blank space for write-in) 



FOR UNITED STATES 
SENATOR 

VOTE FOR ONE 

n FRANK ROE Democrat 
n GUY ROE Republican 

D 



(Same for Congressmen, 
Governor, Lieut. Governor, 
Secretary of State, Attorney 
General, State Treasurer, 
State Auditor, Railroad and 
Public Service Commission- 
ers, State Superintendent of 
Public Instruction, and 
Clerk of t he Supreme 
Court) 



VOTE IN NEXT COLUMN 



STATE AND NATIONAL 

(Continued) 



FOR CHIEF JUSTICE OF 
THE SUPREME COURT 

VOTE FOR ONE 

D RICHARD K. O'DOE 
(Nominated without 
Party designation) 

n TOM ROW 

(Nominated without 
Party designation) 

D 



(Continued in like manner 
for Associate Justice and 
Judges of the District 
Court.) 



COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP 



FOR STATE SENATOR 
VOTE FOR ONE 



n BILL DOE 
G JOHN ROE 
□ - 



Republican 
Democrat 



FOR MEMBER OF THE 

HOUSE OF 

REPRESENTATIVES 

VOTE FOR TWO 

n AL JOHNSON Republican 
n JIM SPARKS Democrat 
n JACK SMITH Republican 
n DAN MARTIN Democrat 

□ 



VOTE IN NEXT COLUMN 



COUNTY AND TOWNSHIP 
(Continued) 



{Continued in like manner 
for all County and Town- 
ship Officers) 



INITIATIVES, REFEREN- 
DUMS AND CONSTITU- 
TIONAL AMENDMENTS 



CONSTITUTIONAL 
AMENDMENTS 



n For the Amendment 

Q Against the Amendment 



REFERENDUM NO. 1 



□ For Referendum No. 1 
n Against Ref. No. 1 



INITIATIVE NO. 1 



□ For Referendum No. 1 

□ Against Ref. No. 1 



As amended by Chapter 72, Laws of 1953. 

—15— 



"Section 23-1202. (689) Time of Opening and Closing of Polls. 
The polls must be opened at eight o'clock on the morning of election 
day and must be kept open continuously until eight o'clock P. M. of 
said day, when the same must be closed; provided that in precincts 
having less than one hundred (100) registered electors the polls must 
be opened at one o'clock in the afternoon of election day and must be 
kept open continuously until eight o'clock P. M. of said day, when they 
must be closed; provided, further, that whenever all registered electors 
in any precinct have voted the polls shall be immediately closed." 

As amended by Chapter 207, Laws of 1955. 



"23-1302. (716) APPLICATION OF ABSENTEE OR PHYSIC- 
ALLY INCAPACITATED PERSON FOR BALLOT. At any time with- 
in forty-five (45) days next preceding such election, any voter expecting 
to be absent on the day of election from the county in which his voting 
precinct is situated, or serving in the armed services of the United States 
or in the Merchant Marines of the United States, or who is a civilian 
outside the United States officially attached to and serving with the 
Armed Forces of the United States, or who as a result of physical in- 
capacity, in all probability will be unable to attend his voting precinct 
poll as made to appear by the certificate of a physician licensed under 
the laws of Montana, plainly stating the nature of the physical inca- 
pacity of the applicant, and certifying (a) that such incapacity will 
continue beyond the day of the election for which the application is 
made; (b) to the extent of reasonably preventing applicant from 
going to the polls, bodily health considered, may make application to 
the county clerk of such county, or to the city or town clerk, in the 
case of a municipal, general, or primary election, for an official ballot 
or official ballots to be voted at such election as an absent of physically 
incapacitated voter's ballot or ballots." 

As amended by Chapter 104, Laws of 1953. 



"23-1303 (717) FORM OF APPLICATION. Application for such 
ballots shall be made on a blank furnished by the county clerk of the 
county of which the applicant is an elector, or the city or town clerk, 
if it be municipal, general, special or primary election, and shall be in 
substantially the following form: 

"I, , a duly qualified elector 

of the precinct, in the county of 

and State of Montana, and am to the best of my knowledge and belief 
entitled to vote in such precinct in the next election, expecting to be 
absent from said county or, in all probability, to be physically inca- 
pacitated from going to my precinct poll on the day for holding such 
election, hereby make application for an official ballot to be voted by 
me at the said election. 



Post office address to which ballot is to be mailed 



State of ) ss. 

County of ) 

On this day of , personally ap- 
peared before me , who being first duly sworn, 

—16— 



deposes and says that he is the person who signed the foregoing ap- 
plication, that he has read and knows the contents of same and knows 
to his own knowledge the matters and things therein stated are true. 



"This application must be subscribed by the applicant and sworn 
to before some officer authorized to administer oaths, and the appli- 
cation shall not be deemed complete without this affidavit. 

"Provided that application for such ballot by any voter in the armed 
services of the United States or in the merchant marines of the United 
States, or who is a civilian outside the United States officially attached 
to and serving with the armed forces of the United States may be made 
by a written request, signed by said applicant, addressed to the county 
clerk of the county of residence of said voter." 

As amended by Chapter 152, Laws of 1955. 



"23-1307. (721) Marking and Swearing to Ballot by Elector. 
Such voter shall make and subscribe the said affidavit before an officer 
authorized by law to administer oaths, and who has an official seal, 
and may do so at any place in the state of Montana, or in any other 
state or territory of the United States, before any officer authorized 
by the laws of this state to take acknowledgments of instruments 
without the state, and such voter shall thereupon, in the presence of 
such officer and of no other person, mark such ballot or ballots, but 
in such manner that such officer cannot see the vote, and such ballot 
or ballots thereupon, in the presence of such officer, shall be folded by 
such voter so that each ballot shall be separate, and so as to conceal 
the vote, and shall be, in the presence of such officer, placed in such 
envelope securely sealed. Said officer shall thereupon append his sig- 
nature and official title and affix his seal at the end of said jurat and 
affidavit. Said envelope shall be mailed by such absent or physically 
incapacitated voter, postage prepaid, or delivered to the county or city 
or town clerk, as the case may be. 



As amended by Chapter 60, Laws of 1953. 



"75-3913. (1224.13) Conduct of Election— Voting by Absent 
Electors. The bond election shall be conducted in the manner pre- 
scribed for the election of school trustees and return shall be made 
and canvassed in a similar manner. Any qualified elector entitled to 
vote at any school bond election who is absent from the county or who 
is physically incapacitated from attending the polling place at such 
election may vote thereat by complying with the provisions of Chapter 
13 of Title 23 of the Revised Codes of Montana, 1947, as amended, ex- 
cept that the application of an absentee or physically incapacitated 
person for ballot may be made at any time within fifteen (15) days 
next preceding such bond election." 

The school district clerk whose duty it is to cause the ballots to be 
prepared for the bond election shall furnish the county clerk with a 
supply of ballots prior to the fifteenth day next preceding the election 
for the use of the county clerk in furnishing ballots to applicants for 
absent voters' ballots. 

The county clerk shall deliver to the judges of election at the 
opening of the polls all absent voters' ballots that he shall have re- 
ceived up to that time from absent or physically incapacitated electors. 

—17— 



The procedure set out in Chapter 13 of Title 23 of the Revised Codes 
of Montana, 1947, as amended, shall apply to the voting by absent 
electors with respect to school bond elections. 

As amended by Chapter 203, Laws of 1955. 



"93-302 (8813) NUMBER OF JUDGES. In each judicial dis- 
trict there must be the following' number of judges of the Disti-ict 
Court, who must be elected by the qualified voters of the district, and 
whose term of office must be four (4) years, to-wit: In the first, 
second, fourth, eighth, and sixteenth, two judges each, in the thirteenth, 
three judg-es and, in all other districts, one judge each. 

Appointment of Judge. That, on or before July 1, 1955, the Gov- 
ernor of this State shall designate and appoint a judge of the said 
thirteenth Judicial district who shall hold office until the next general 
election and until his successor is elected and qualified." 

As amended by Chapter 18, Laws of 1955. 



CHAPTER 75 

HOUSE BILL NO. 289 

AN ACT PROVIDING FOR THE DISPENSING OF A GENERAL 
ELECTION IN CITIES OPERATING UNDER THE COMMISSION- 
MANAGER FORM OF GOVERNMENT WHEN THE NOMINATIONS 
DO NOT EXCEED THE OFFICES TO BE FILLED AND REPEALING 
ALL ACTS AND PARTS OF ACTS IN CONFLICT THEREWITH. 
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF THE 
STATE OP MONTANA: 

Section 1. Dispensing of General Election. Whenever, in any 
city operating under a commission-manager form of government at a 
primary election held in accordance with section 11-3215, the number 
of nominees shall not exceed the number of officers to be elected, then 
such nominees shall be deemed duly elected to the respective offices. 
Then, in that event, no general municipal election shall be held in said 
city for said year. All matters, other than the election of officers, upon 
which the general public shall vote shall be disposed of at the primary 
election unless a special election is held for that purpose. 

Section 2. All acts and parts of acts in conflict herewith are 
hereby repealed. 

Approved February 27, 1955. 



-18- 




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