HE N E
THE PAVILION OF
.11 I ..
Excerpts from transcription of remarks made by
officials of the Fair and Representative Bolton at a
press conference for the African Pavilion at the
New York World's Fair, November 1 2, 1 963.
The African Pavilion will include a dramatic film
presentation of the colorful background and
scenic wonders of that continent. A Hall
of Aspirations will depict the resources
a7id economic development potential of Africa and
the art and culture of. its people. A wild life exhibit,
a Tree House bar and restaurant, and an outdoor
stage for dancing, singing and African drumming
will be interspersed among the rondavels (round-
huts). The architects are Kahn & Jacobs, the
designer is Tom John. Interior designs and
exhibits are by Graham Associates, Inc., and
construction by Crow Construction Company.
MR. WILLIAM BERNS [Vice President, Communi-
cations & Public Relations]: Distinguished guests, ladies
and gentlemen of the press, we are delighted that you were
able to join us on such short notice this morning for what
we consider to be a most important press activity.
Basically, you are here to ask questions of our guests.
But before we get to that, we would like to hear from the
gentleman who heads the International Section for Mr.
Moses, and who has done a magnificent job of gathering
together the nations of the world for representation at
the New York World's Fair 1964-1965. It's a pleasure
to introduce the vice president 'of the International Divi-
sion, Governor Charles Poletti.
GOVERNOR CHARLES POLETTI: Thank you. Bill.
Congresswoman Bolton, President Moses, friends. This is
a very stirring occasion for us in the International Division
because for many months we have labored to come to this
moment. It didn't seem that we would ever achieve an
African Pavilion. But finally, I think it was Providence
that sent us the person who we are all happy to have with
us here this morning: Congresswoman Bolton.
Let it be said in explicit terms that without the interest
and courage and contribution of Congresswoman Bolton
we would not be having an African Pavilion.
We're going to have some individual African pavilions,
as you know — those of the Sudan, Guinea, Sierra Leone,
the UAR and Morocco. But for the most part the countries
south and east of the Sahara were not represented. Not
because of a lack of desire. Quite the contrary. I personally
visited most of these countries and talked with the heads
of state and their ministers. Everyone was anxious to par-
ticipate. Everyone of those nations felt that it was vital for
the 70 million visitors to the Fair, Americans especially, to
know more about that part of Africa. But the sad fact was
that these countries did not have the financial resources to
erect pavilions of their own. We then tried unsuccessfully
to bring a number of these nations together and have them
pool their financial resources and organize a joint pavilion.
Now we're happy that, through the sponsorship of
people like Congresswoman Bolton, we shall have a pa-
vilion that will represent most of the countries south and
east of the Sahara. We, at the New York World's Fair,
are pleased that the sponsors of this pavilion are so well
keyed to the needs and aspirations and achievements of
this part of the world. These countries have a lot to show
in the way of history, culture and art, and they also want
to communicate to the world a message of their needs and
aspirations. I'm glad to see that the organizers of the
pavilion are planning to have a "Hall of Aspirations"
where plans for "the Africa of the Future" will be rep-
resented. I commend them for that. I think it is most
important that we have a "Hall of Aspirations."
Now I do not believe that anyone in this country has
greater knowledge of this part of the world than Congress-
woman Bolton. She has been a ranking member of the
House Foreign Relations Committee for 22 years, has
served as a member of the U.N. General Assembly and
was a member of the 4th Committee at the U.N., the
Trustee Committee, which deals with many African 3
1963 New York Worlds Fair 1964-1965 Corporation
Discussing the African Pavilion at the Fair
are: (left to right) Governor Charles
Poletti, Hon. Frances P. Bolton, Mr. Robert
Moses, Mr. DeWitt T. Yates and
Mr. Ray T. Graham.
Shown at a press conference for the African
Pavilion at the Fair are Hon. Frances P.
Bolton, Mr. Lionel Harris of the
International Division of the Fair, and
Governor Charles Poletti, with
ambassadors and representatives of the
Mrs. Bolton has also travelled extensively. In 1955 she
visited about 20 of the countries we are interested in
here, so she knows these countries and their people and
their statesmen and their professional men. She will serve,
as a good source of counselling and guidance for the
African Pavilion, Messrs. Yates, Graham, and all of you.
I am sure that you will lean heavily on Congresswoman
Bolton for advice because she has sensitivity and knowl-
edge in this field that is surpassed by no one in this
I would like now to introduce the dynamic force of
the World's Fair, our president, Robert Moses. 1 know
he"s happy about the African Pavilion, and there*s one
particular attraction that he's very anxious to have included
here. I now give you the president of the New York
World's Fair, Robert Moses.
MR. ROBERT MOSES: Congresswoman Bolton, ladies
and gentlemen. I might as well tell you what Charlie was
talking about. He's talking about the Watusis. I'm a great
enthusiast of the Watusi dancers and high jumpers. And
the Watusis are a troupe that I hope to see here in the
I can only echo what Charlie has said about the im-
portance, the significance of this African Pavilion. As
I've said a number of times we have given a dispro-
portionate amount of our energy and effort to the new
African republics, because we are all for them. We want
to see them succeed. We want to help them. Some of them
are relatively poor, new at the game, and don't have much
in the way of industry or agriculture. But they have am-
bitions and aspirations. They have fine objectives, and we
ought to do everything we can to help them.
We're trying in every way we can to help them and as
Charlie has said, it would have been a great disappoint-
ment to us and a great gap in our program, had we not
had our friend from Congress, Mrs. Bolton, and a few
others, to step in when it looked as though many of these
new small nations could not be accommodated, simply
because there wasn't enough money and support to bring
it about. So they're coming in. And we're delighted with
Just what they will demonstrate, I don't know, but
surely they will be able to show that their objectives are
right, that their ambitions are correct, that they are willing
to make tremendous sacrifices in the name of progress.
We're going to do ever)' last thing we can to help them.
This Fair is not just a commercial gadget. It's not just
a way of attracting people to New York to spend money
here. Although that is one of the objectives, that isn't the
main object. The object isn't merely to exploit what we've
done through the States of our Union or the United
States Government. It's not merely to show what our in-
dustries have been able to accomplish. What we are really
trying to do is to make this Fair a sort of Olympics of
Progress and to bring here all the peoples of the world
who are willing to come to exhibit their best wares, to
show what they've accomplished, and to indicate what
it is they're driving at. We promise them a welcome here
and we promise them free competition.
Watusis, African native $
who grow 7 feet tall,
performing one of their
dances in Rwanda.
And that, I think, is really the main object of the Fair.
We call it Peace through Understanding. Those in a way
are just words, but it's the spirit of the Olympic Games
that we have here. It's bringing people here and saying,
"Now show us everything you've got. Show us your
people and show us your objectives and purposes, and
what you've accomplished and what you're driving at.
We'll give you the place to exhibit these wares and every
support that we can in showing them to the people who
come from all over the world to see them."
Again, thank you, Mrs. Bolton, for what you've done.
I think the African Pavilion is going to be a grand show
and one of the big things in the World's Fair.
GOVERNOR POLETTI: Before the questions start,
could we have the pleasure of a word or two from you
HON. FRANCES P. BOLTON [Republican Repre-
sentative from Ohio]: I do very much appreciate the
opportunity to say just a few words so that you might
know how very tiny my part in this has been. Financially,
very small. The other members of the group, who are
doing a vast deal more than I, just had to be persuaded a
little bit. I am, of course, very keen about Africa. I went to
the United Nations in 1953, and because of the very
understanding and really amazing African men and
women I met there I was imbued with a great enthusiasm
for things African.
And then in 1955 the Chairman of my Committee in
the House, that is the House Foreign Relations Committee,
said, "now take your Africa Committee and go on over
there." So it was my privilege to go to Africa, taking with
me a Signal Corps photographer, because as the Chinese
say — a look is worth a thousand words, a travel officer
from the Department of Defense who had lived in Central
and West Africa for eight years, and a doctor from the
Mayo Clinic. We had the most amazing time.
I visited 24 countries and I didn't begin to see them all.
Since then, many of these countries have joined the United
Nations. I think Africa has a very great deal to give to
this country. I think we can learn a lot from the African
way of life although some people still call it primitive.
Well, probably it is. But we also have much that is prim-
itive in our own country. Just go on down south, go out
west — or around the corner from where I used to live
in Cleveland. It's primitive to a degree.
I felt that there was a very great need for having Africa
here in your Fair, in our Fair, because the Fair belongs to
the whole country. I believe that it was so essential for
Africa to be represented, and to be pictured here in ways
that people can see and hear and feel, that when I dis-
covered that those who had sort of agreed to go ahead
with the organization of the pavilion had fallen out, and
the Graham brothers and Mr. Yates came to me, I really-
got terribly excited over it, particularly since they had
that exquisite model with them.
I do hope that African women will have some kind of
representation in the pavilion. We now have an organiza-
tion of African women here, the African- American Wom-
en's Organization, and its office is right here in New
York. I want to say that the African women are simply
out of this world ; they are simply marvelous. They head
up organizations of their own and they perform admin-
istrative feats that you wouldn't believe possible.
I also wish there might be some way of showing the
tremendous work that Africans are doing in the field of
health. They are training doctors and nurses, and they
are doing everything possible in the health areas. We
should open our hearts to them and help them, and not
necessarily with money. We should make them under-
stand that we want to see them prosper and that we also
share with them those things that are not material, things
of the spirit.
So it's a thrill for me, Mr. Moses and Governor Poletti,
to be here today, to see this African Pavilion get started,
and to feel the enthusiasm of this gathering. I thank all
you press people for your wonderful spirit, for your
enthusiasm, and for your desire to help make this project
a terrific success which, of course, it will be. And then
there is Mr. Harris, who never gave up on the project or
lost his point of view. He's a real optimist and there were
moments when we needed his optimism.
I thank you very deeply for understanding how tre-
mendous the influence of Africa is going to be on the
future of this country and of every country of the world.
I am also deeply grateful to you, perhaps in the name of
African peoples, because as you know, they call me
"Mother'' and I love them all. We are great friends and
are doing a lot of things together. So it's with a great deal
of enthusiastic hope and appreciation and gratitude, that
I took these too many minutes to speak here. 7
AFRICAN PAVILION INC.
Suite 470, 1120 Connecticut Avenue, N.W., Washington 6, D. C.
DEWITT T. YATES, President
RAY T. GRAHAM, Vice President, Production
HAROLD S. CROSSEN, Vice President, Construction
DEWEY R. ROARK, Secretory-Treasurer
TOM JOHN, Designer
KAHN & JACOBS, Architects
WM. L. CROW CONSTRUCTION CO., Builders
GRAHAM ASSOCIATES (INC.), Graphics and Exhibits
HI AFRICAN PAVILION
UMtfMr* v pmMfrt h
C O R P O R AT I O N
Flushing, N. Y. 11380
Tel. 212-WF 4--1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWIN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of .the Corporation and Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer