APRIL 21, 1963
GROUNDBREAKING AT THE NEW YORK
WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965
Excerpts from transcription of remarks made by
members of the Christian Science Church and
World's Fair officials at the Christian Science
Pavilion groundbreaking ceremonies, New York
World's Fair, Sunday, April 21, 1963.
RICHARD C. PATTERSON, JR. [Director of Pro-
tocol]: Ladies and gentlemen, we are here today to take
part in a very important groundbreaking ceremony. The
pavilion which will rise on this site will serve to remind
all of us that a large measure of America's success results
from the religious freedom we enjoy.
I should like first to present Mr. Hobson F. Miller,
distinguished chairman of the Committee for Christian
Science Activities at the World's Fair.
HOBSON F. MILLER: Thank you. Ambassador. We
will open this joyous occasion with a hymn. I shall read
the first verse of that hymn and then we will be led by
Mr. Richard Wrightson.
"Thou whose almighty Word, chaos and darkness heard
And took their flight, hear us, we humbly pray
And where the Gospel-day sheds not its glorious raj .
Let there be light."
Friends, on behalf of the members of the executive
committee for Christian Science Activities at the World's
Fair, on behalf of the members of the various committees
who have done so much to bring our objective to fruition,
and on behalf of the World's Fair Corporation who so
kindly provided this tent and these fine facilities — I
Our participation in this World's Fair is in accord with
the purpose of Christian Science, which is to heal the
sick and elevate the race. Mary Baker Eddy, Discoverer
and Founder of Christian Science, was so devoted to peace
on earth and the brotherhood of man that she prayed
daily for the pacification of all national difficulties, for
the brotherhood of man, for the end of idolatry and
infidelity, and for the growth and establishment of Chris-
The Chicago World's Fair in 1893 included a Parlia-
ment of Religion where an address on Christian Science
written by Mrs. Eddy was read by Judge Septimus J.
Hanna. Judge Hanna was introduced by a non-Christian
Scientist, the Honorable Charles Carrol Bonney, president
of the World's Congress Auxiliary, who once said in his
remarks before that body: "No more striking manifesta-
tion of the interposition of divine Providence in human
Cover: The Christian Science Pavilion, designed by Edward Durell Stone, showing its seven-pointed star roof . The pavilion
will be set in a pool with fountains interspersed. The separate building will house a reading room.
)1963 New York World's Foir 1964-1965 Corporation
affairs has come in recent years than that shown in the
raising up of the body of people known as Christian
Scientists, who are called to declare the real harmony
between religion and science, and to restore the waning
faith of many in the verities of the sacred Scriptures."
That is also from "Miscellaneous Writings" by Mary-
How prophetic was this statement! Today, the harmony
between religion and science becomes more and more
apparent. The great advances in space exploration hint
the infinite nature of God's universe, but as Christ Jesus
declared, "The kingdom of God is within you." That is
in Luke. Therefore, the true universe is not to be found
in space. While time and space may seem to separate men
from each other, the speed of travel and communication
brings them closer to each other, foretelling the recogni-
tion of one universal family, or brotherhood. Christian
Science is indeed opening men's minds to the real har-
mony between religion and science, and is giving to the
world the highest sense of science — spiritual Science, or
The waning faith of many in the Scriptures, as Mr.
Bonney put it, has been restored for millions by Christian
Science. All sincere Christian Scientists read the King
James Version of the Holy Scriptures daily, and it is a
beacon to light their paths and govern their lives. An
article in the "Christian Herald" some years ago stated
Signalling the bulldozer driver to officially break ground for
the start of the Christian Science Pavilion are: (left to right)
Ralph E. Wagers, President of The Mother Church, The First
Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, Mass., Robert Moses,
president of the Fair, Hobson F. Miller, chairman of the
Christian Science Committee for the Fair and Edward Durell
Stone, architect of the pavilion.
Robert Moses, Fair president, presents the official World's
Fair medal to Ralph E. Wagers, as Hobson F. Miller looks on.
that because of Christian Science the Bible is more widely
read than ever before.
When we open the doors of this Christian Science-
Pavilion, we will invite millions of people to come in
and drink deeply of Jesus' refreshing invitation — "Come
unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I
will give you rest'" (Matthew).
With the use of modern techniques in audio-visual
presentation, visitors to this pavilion will be afforded con-
vincing and documented evidence that countless thousands
of persons obeying the teachings of the Master as ex-
plained in Christian Science have found Jesus' promises
applicable to all human needs today.
In closing, it is fitting to be reminded that the daily
sessions of the Religious Parliament in Chicago were
opened by a Protestant clergyman using a prayer, from the
pen of Mary Baker Eddy, known to every Christian Sci-
entist as the Daily Prayer.
" Thy kingdom come;' let the reign of divine Truth.
Life, and Love be established in me, and rule out of
me all sin ; and may Thy Word enrich the affections of
all mankind, and govern them!"
It is my pleasure now to introduce to you the members
of the executive committee: Mrs. Muriel Holland, Mr.
Herman Schmidt, Mr. George Sweetser, Mr. John Young,
and our working staff who have done a tremendous job:
Mr. Gil Robinson, our general manager; Miss Jean Elsie
Sanders, our administrative secretary; Miss Anni Sol-
linger, Mr. Robinson's secretary; and Mrs. Mildred
Miller, a volunteer worker who takes care of our books.
RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you, Mr. Miller.
I was very much impressed by that. I'd like to present
for a bow two of my colleagues in the World's Fair, Mr.
William Berns and Mr. Allen Beach, who head extremely
important departments in this huge organization.
Ladies and gentlemen, may I now present the president
of The Mother Church. The First Church of Christ, Scien-
tist in Boston — Mr. Ralph E. Wagers.
RALPH E. WAGERS: Good afternoon, my friends.
The New York World's Fair, in which it is our pleasure
to participate, must impress the world with the great
possibilities of a free people dedicated to the task of
bringing to the world the proof of an economy based
upon the God-given rights of individuals to develop their
talents and usefulness for the good of all. While the
scientific achievement of men throughout the world
during the past century has been nothing less than
startling, the spiritual achievements of equally dedicated
individuals are bringing the teachings of our great Master,
Christ Jesus, out of the realm of doctrines and creeds into
the realm of demonstrable divine Science.
In this century, and in this country, there has appeared
a dynamic interpretation of the Master's teachings —
cast in the role of scientific Christianity. Mary Baker Eddy
is widely recognized for the great service she has rendered
to the cause of mankind in general, and of Christianity
in particular. She states in her book "Miscellaneous Writ-
ings" : "This age is reaching out towards the perfect
Principle of all things; is pushing towards perfection in
art, invention, and manufacture. Why then should religion
be stereotyped, and we not obtain a more perfect and
practical Christianity? It will never do to be behind the
times in things most essential, which proceed from the
standard of right that regulates human destiny. Human
skill but foreshadows what is next to appear as its divine
origin. Proportionately as we part with material, systems
and theories, personal doctrines and dogmas, meekly to
ascend the hill of Science, shall we reach the maximum
of perfection in all things."
It is fitting that Christian Science should take its place
with other Christian churches in pointing out that this
nation has attained, and will maintain, its greatness as it
recognizes ever more clearly that a society can endure
only as it is based upon an acknowledgment of the
supremacy of God, Spirit, and His ever unfolding purpose
for man. Thank you.
RICHARD PATTERSON: And now I have the honor
to present the administrative genius of the New York
World's Fair, the Honorable Robert Moses.
ROBERT MOSES: Ambassador Patterson, and friends.
I'm sorry that Gene Taliaferro isn't here. He was one of
the first of your group to talk to us about a Christian
Science Pavilion, and I'm sure he's here in spirit. I am
delighted that Ed Stone, one of the very great architects
of our time, is here.
It isn't the size of the pavilion, the amount of money
that you spend on it, or the outward impression it makes
that's important. We can't all have the resources of
General Motors and Ford, and the gas and light industry
— they are important, but some of these smaller things
that embrace imagination, ingenuity, thought and the
right kind of spirit, are fully as important and I am sure
will attract just as much attention.
Now you all know the idea behind the World's Fair.
All world expositions, like the college shields, pray for
truth and light; and all of them aim at peace. To use
a rather humble and popular expression, we are aiming
here at a sort of Olympics of Progress in the temper of
the Olympic Games. We invite people from all over the
world to come here, and bring their very best products.
We tell them that it is going to be a fair and open com-
petition of ideas, inventions and skills. Where foreign
countries are concerned we are not particularly interested
in ideologies — we can't be. We may disapprove of the
ideologies of some of the exhibitors but that doesn't mean
that we don't want them here. We want them to meet
on common ground.
As you know, the Olympics are not just athletics. They
represent competition in all the arts, and that's what we're
aiming at here: to have all people come here on equal
terms, to meet here on common ground, to form new
Now of course you know that we have states, the
United States Government, the City of New York which
is celebrating its 300th anniversary, and we have foreign
countries — all represented here.
We have industries, amusements, arts and we have
I have only one other thing to say, in addition to wel-
coming you with open arms: We have a lot of exhibits
here, a lot of pavilions, a lot of steel, stone, concrete and
metal going up. On a certain date which we have fixed,
and it's very soon, we are not going to spend any more
time entertaining or listening to people who have other
things to exhibit because we feel we have enough. There
are some things that are in abeyance, things we think are
important that may come in or drop by the wayside. For
example, we want a Hall of Health — public health,
medicine — I think we're going to get it. Otherwise we
are satisfied with what we have, and we're going to devote
the remaining space to greener)-, landscaping, trees, and
Now in your Christian Science Pavilion, you are going
to have a place for people to come and rest and think
and contemplate — we want that. We don't want this
Fair to be only a place of noise and entertainment — we
want it also to have greenery and landscaping, and we want
to have places like the Christian Science Pavilion — where
people can reflect on what they've seen, and give some
thought to what we are attempting to do here. What we
are attempting to do, of course, is to achieve the largest
measure of international amity and friendship we can in
this space age and cold war age. Thank you.
HOBSON F. MILLER: We'll have a closing hymn
which will be led by our very dear and generous friend,
Mr. Wrightson, and concluding that, we'll have a benedic-
tion by Mrs. Holland. The Hymn is #4l4 from the Chris-
tian Science Hymnal. I will read the first verse only and the
chorus. Let us carry this in our hearts forever. Expressed
in this hymn is one of the reasons we are at the Fair.
"I love to tell the story of unseen things above,
Of Jesus and his glory, of Jesus and his love,
I love to tell the story because I know 'tis true.
It satisfies my longing as nothing else can do.
I love to tell the story, it is my theme in glory
To tell the old, old story of Jesus and his love."
BENEDICTION BY MRS. MURIEL N. HOLLAND:
The benediction is from Ephesians. "Now unto him that
is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we
ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us,
unto him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus through-
out all ages, world without end. Amen."
COMMITTEE FOR CHRISTIAN SCIENCE ACTIVITIES AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR
HOBSON F. MILLER, Chairman
HERMAN J. SCHMIDT, Vice Chairman
FRED M. von ECK, Treasurer
WILLIAM H. ALTON
MRS. MURIEL NELLIS HOLLAND
GEORGE T. SWEETSER
JOHN ORR YOUNG
WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965 CORPORATION
Flushing 52, N. Y. Tel. 212-WF 4-1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWIN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretary of the Corporation and
Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer