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PAVI LION OF
SEPTEMBER 25, 1963
GROUNDBREAKING AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965
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THE GREEK PAVILION WILL BE A ONE-STORY STRUCTURE COMBINING
MODERN AND ANCIENT GREEK ARCHITECTURE. THE EXHIBITS WILL
INCLUDE DISPLAYS OF GREEK CULTURE, INDUSTRY AND TOURIST AT-
TRACTIONS, AND A TAVERN A SERVING GREEK FOODS AND BEVERAGES.
THE PAVILION OF GREECE IS SPONSORED BY THE GREEK INDUSTRIAL-
ISTS ASSOCIATION, THE GREEK CENTER OF PRODUCTION AND THE
GREEK CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. MESSRS. ANTHONY KITSIKIS AND ATHA-
NESE MAKRIS OF ATHENS, GREECE, ARE THE ARCHITECTS IN ASSOCIA-
TION WITH MR. JOHN JAMES CARLOS. AIA. OF NEW YORK CITY.
Excerpts from transcription of remarks made by Greek and World's Fair officials at groundbreak-
ing ceremonies for the Pavilion of Greece at the New York World's Fair, September 25, 1963.
AMBASSADOR RICHARD C PATTERSON, JR.
[Chief of Protocol]: Mr. Ambassador, Your Eminence,
Mr. Carlos, Mr. Moses, Mr. Beach, ladies and gentlemen.
His Eminence Iakovos, Archbishop of the Greek Ortho-
dox Church of North and South America, will deliver the
HIS EMINENCE IAKOVOS [Archbishop of the
Greek Orthodox Church]: (Translation) Let us pray to
the Lord God Almighty, who hast made the heavens with
wisdom and has established the earth upon its firm foun-
dations, the Creator and Lover of all men. Look upon Thy
servants to whom it hath singled to set up a pavilion of
exhibition of their culture, art and industry in the domin-
ion of Thy power. Establish Thou the same upon a stable
ground and founded according to Thy divine word in the
gospel, so that neither wind nor flood nor any other thing
shall be able to harm it. Graciously grant that we may
bring it to an ending and enable all those who shall wish
to serve the moral precepts of Thy gospel and promote
the cultural values of their ethnic and religious tradition,
to successfully reach their noble goal.
For Thine is the dominion and Thine is the kingdom
and the power and the glory of the Father and the Son
and of the Holy Spirit, now and ever, and that onto ages
of ages, Amen.
AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Of all the countries
represented at this Fair, few — very few — are as well-
known as Greece in the minds of civilized men. There is
no area of western civilization that has not been influ-
enced or shaped by this ancient and glorious nation, and
we in America are especially aware of this. Every section
of our national life, thought, language and politics bears
the stamp of Greece, and we are pleased, therefore, and
honored to have Greece represented at the New York
I am privileged to introduce to you, ladies and gentle-
men, the director of International Affairs and Exhibits of
the World's Fair, Mr. Allen E. Beach.
MR. ALLEN E. BEACH: Thank you, Mr. Ambassa-
dor. Your Excellency, Your Eminence, Mr. President, dis-
tinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen. The presence of
Greece in our Fair has a deep and special meaning to us
1963 New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporarion
His Excellency Alexander A. Matsas, Greek Ambassador to
the United States, speaking at the ceremonies marking the
groundbreaking for the Pavilion of Greece.
as Americans. Ancient Athens was the first nation to be
governed by its people, with a true and direct democracy.
And because of this early democracy, the citizens of
Athens were able to create and think freely, which resulted
in the gift to the world — of great literature, philosophy,
art, and architecture — that students and scholars have
studied and emulated ever since. Today, centuries later,
here in another great democracy, a Greek Pavilion will be
erected, representing the nation that is the home of the
ancient Parthenon, a symbol of freedom. This charming
Greek Pavilion will stand facing the Unisphere,® another
architectural triumph that will stand for many years as a
symbol of nations working together under God for peace
We are all delighted that Greece is present. Over two
years of work by a very dedicated team has brought this
project to the point where it is today when the first piece
of earth will be moved. One man in particular has been
the power behind the scenes. He's my long-time friend,
He is the head of European Displays, Ltd., in Athens,
a well-known firm on the Continent which has worked on
exhibits in all major cities in Europe. Mr. Makris has
also worked for the United States Government. We con-
tacted him and he went to bat for us; we certainly can
say that he has batted a thousand. He is now managing
director of the Greek Pavilion and is its prime architect.
Among others who contributed greatly to this project are
His Excellency, Mr. Triantafyllis, Minister of Commerce,
and Mr. Vlahos, Press Undersecretary.
We welcome Greece to this great Fair, and we salute
the hard-working team that has made it possible. Con-
gratulations. Thank you.
AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Thank you, Allen
Beach. In the tradition of the ancient and modern Greeks,
our next speaker has been known to speak his mind and
to fight for what he believes is right. For this, and for
the amazing contributions he has given to this country-
over the years, he has won the respect and admiration not
only of New Yorkers but of all Americans. I have the
high honor to present to you the president of the Fair,
the Honorable Robert Moses.
MR. ROBERT MOSES: Ambassador Patterson, Your
Eminence, Your Excellency, and friends. I learned when
I was in college, being in perhaps the last generation
that was compelled to study the classics, that Greece was
the great point of light in history. When I say compelled,
I actually studied Latin and Greek, as the Italians say,
con amove, the greater part of two years.
I can't say too much about Greek as a factor in educa-
tion. It has been a source of real disappointment and
sorrow to me that it has been dropped in so many places.
When I first went to Oxford, I found that the great
subject, studied by the ablest of the students and those who
later became the heads of government, was Greek and
Roman civilization, what they called "Greats," Interne
human fares. They figured that, if anyone understood the
Iliad and especially if he knew Greece and Greek litera-
ture, he was on his way to being an educated man. I still
fetl that way about it.
I have only one other thing to say about this exhibit.
We are delighted that Greece is here for the reasons given
by my friend Allen Beach. I heard a rumor that there was
a possibility that Greece might send over the Hermes of
Praxiteles. That is one of the great works of art of all time,
I believe one of the few authentic surviving works of
Praxiteles. I hope this can be done. I think it would rank
next to the Pieta as an object of interest in the Fair. If I
and my associates can do anything to make it possible to
bring this great work here, we would be simply delighted.
I hope that they will give this particular objective serious
consideration. Thank you.
AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Thank you, Mr.
Moses. Before presenting the next speaker, I should like
to introduce the very popular and distinguished Dr. Basile
Vitsaxis, Consul General of Greece in New York, who
has done so much to cement the bonds of friendship be-
tween our two countries.
HON. DR. BASILE VITSAXIS [Consul General of
Greece in New York] : I thank you very much. Ambassa-
dor Patterson, for your very kind words. I'm very happy
to be here today and to witness this beautiful ceremony.
AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Thank you. Next, a
good friend of ours, Theodore Pyrlas, Commercial Coun-
selor of the Greek Embassy.
MR. THEODORE PYRLAS [Commercial Counselor,
Embassy of Greece] : Thank you very much, Mr. Ambas-
sador. I'm very happy to be here todav.
AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Our next speaker
has, for many years, enjoyed a national and international
reputation as an architect. There is hardly any type of
building he has not planned and constructed. I am priv-
ileged to introduce Mr. John James Carlos, Commissioner
General of the Greek Pavilion and designer of the pa-
vilion in association with Anthony Kitsikis and Athanase
His Eminence, Archbishop iakovos, Primate of the Greek
Orthodox Church of North and South America, delivers in-
vocation at the groundbreaking ceremonies for the Pavilion
of Greece at the New York World's Fair.
MR. JOHN JAMES CARLOS [Commissioner General
of the Pavilion of Greece]: Your Eminence, Your Excel-
lency, Commissioner Moses, ladies and gentlemen. Let me
submit that this is a very proud and happy moment. This
groundbreaking ceremony celebrates a sharing of the
Greek nation and of its people. It is a sharing of 25 cen-
turies, of a cultural heritage which still lives in the minds
and hearts of civilized men the world over. Greece — the
glory that was — and the wonder that it is — is the home-
land and treasure house of the shining ideals of western
culture. Greece has been rediscovered again today, as it
has been rediscovered in the past, in the imbricate histori-
cal periods of the European renaissance, the Greek revival
of the last century, and the present day renaissance of
This pavilion shall stand as a symbolic sharing of the
20th century rebirth of the cultural, social and economic
forces of this most ancient land. Thank you.
AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Thank you, Mr. Car-
los. Our final speaker, in every way, has been true to the
political and intellectual heritage of Greece. He has had
a brilliant career in the diplomatic service, and numerous
times he has been honored by his country and many for-
eign countries. He was Ambassador to Turkey, he was
Ambassador to Iran and Pakistan, before he became Greek
Ambassador to the United States in 1961.
He is also a scholar and a writer of great renown, has
had volumes of poetry published and three tragedies pro-
duced for rhe Greek stage and radio. It is a very great
honor for me to introduce the Greek Ambassador to the
United States, His Excellency Alexander A. Matsas.
HIS EXCELLENCY ALEXANDER A. MATSAS
[Ambassador of Greece]: Your Eminence, President
Moses, Ambassador Patterson, Mr. Beach, Mr. Moses,
Mr. Consul General, and distinguished guests. I regard
it as a great privilege to be called upon to attend this
most important groundbreaking ceremony at the site of
the Greek Pavilion at the New York World's Fair. This
pavilion, as you know, is the result of private enterprise,
and it will illustrate one of the most deeply rooted and
ancient beliefs of die Greek nation, which is, as we all
know, profoundly shared and constantly applied in this
great country of the United States of America. I mean
the belief in private enterprise and private initiative.
The pavilion is being built by a group of private enter-
prising corporations who founded, for that purpose, a
special corporation for building this pavilion. It will house
a comprehensive series of Government exhibits, which
will aim at showing, as fully as possible, the varied eco-
nomic and cultural efforts which are now being accom-
plished in Greece. Thus, the pavilion will not only show
an image of the endeavor of the Greek nation on eco-
nomic industrial, commercial and cultural levels, but it
will also stress the philosophy which lies at the root of
our system and which is the belief in private enterprise
and in private initiative.
The Greek nation, of which the modern achievements
will be shown by this pavilion, has a very ancient tradi-
tion in trade and commerce. As a matter of fact, I don't
think that there has ever been another nation which has
ever deified commerce.
Commerce is a free flow of ideas, of ethnic, aesthetic
and artistic concepts, of techniques and of knowledge. In
fact, it is the exchange of the spiritual and material wealth
That is why, I think, a universal manifestation of the
magnitude of this New York World's Fair is connected
to a very great extent with this deeper meaning of com-
merce. On this site which proudly bears this great metrop-
olis of the new world, the nations of the world are invited
to meet in a friendly competition and exchange of in-
dustry, technology, knowledge and culture. They will
learn from each other, and in doing so they will get to
know themselves a little better.
This great challenge is the best teacher that we can find
for testing our capacities, for measuring our limitations,
and for promoting our aptitudes. I would also like to say-
that the ancient Greek city had as a center the market
place, which was then and is today called Agora, which
became the center of the public life of the first democracy
ever known to mankind. I hope that this New York
World's Fair will be another great forum for the better
understanding between nations and for the promotion of
their peaceful and constructive cooperation, Thank you.
PAVILION OF GREECE AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR
HIS EXCELLENCY ALEXANDER A. MATSAS, Ambassador of Greece
HIS EMINENCE, ARCHBISHOP IAKOVOS, Primate of the Greek Orthodox
Church of North and South America
THE HONORABLE DR. BASILE VITSAXIS, Consul General of Greece
MR. THEODORE PYRLAS, Commercial Counselor
MR. JOHN JAMES CARLOS, Commissioner General of the Pavilion of Greece
MR. ATHANASE MAKRIS, Managing Director of the Pavilion of Greece
Architects: ANTHONY KITSIKIS, Athens, Greece
ATHANASE MAKRIS, Athens, Greece
JOHN JAMES CARLOS, AIA, New York City
Consulting Engineers: MARTIN LOVETT, P.E., Structural, New York City
MESSRS. WALD & ZIGAS, Mechanical & Electrical,
New York City
Contractor: ORESTES DALLAS, New York City
C O R P O R AT I O N
Flushing, N. Y. 11380
Tel. 212-WF 4-1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWIN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, fPort of New York Authority) Transportation Section
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretary of the Corporation and Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer