FEBRUARY 14, 1963
THE HALL OF EDUCATION
GROUNDBREAKING AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965
'" ! iill.fi
Excerpts from remarks by World's Fair and Hall
of Education officials, and special guests at the
Hall of Education groundbreaking ceremonies.
New York World's Fair, Thursday, February 14,
DR. LEONARD P. STAVISKY [Executive Vice
President, International Fair Consultants, Inc.]: February
14, 1963 marks the groundbreaking of the Hall of Edu-
cation at the New York World's Fair. For the first time in
World's Fair history, an entire pavilion will be devoted
to the world of education.
This project dramatizes the interaction between indus-
try and education.
Exciting programs will originate from the Hall of
Education. Special areas will be devoted to the School of
Tomorrow, Library of the Future, Science and Industry.
the Audio-Visual Center, Teaching Machines and Pro-
grammed Instruction, an Adventure Playground, Voca-
tional Training, the Fine Arts, the Story of Writing.
Health and Medicine, Vacation land, the World of Youth,
Educational Tours, a Model Book Store, Public Opinion
Polls and an Information Retrieval Center.
Dialogues in Depth — a series of informal discussions
with the great minds and personalities of our time — will
originate live from the Hall of Education's Demonstra-
tion Center and will be preserved on film and tape as a
compendium of living history and a legacy to the future.
Over fifty nationwide associations are participating in
the planning and development of the Hall of Education
program, and many are scheduling meetings and conven-
tions to coincide with special events at the pavilion.
We are grateful to the distinguished educators, led by-
Dean Harry J. Carman and Dr. Robert M. Maclver, who
have given wise counsel and advice. We are proud of our
exhibitors who will participate in this prestige setting.
Cover: Rendering of the Hall of Education, with its futuristic columns framing the wedge-shaped main structure. At the main
entrance, a new symbol of education, selected through a nationwide competition, will be unveiled for the first time. Architects,
Frederic P. Weidersum Associates; contractors, Cauldwell-Wingate and Vermilya-Brown.
11963 New York World's Foir 1964-1965 Corporation
We also wish to thank our associates who have cooperated
with International Fair Consultants in the planning and
development of this project — Frederic P. Wiedersum
Associates, Cauldwell-Wingate, Vermilya-Brown, Straus-
Duparquet, Supronics Corporation and Raymond Loewy-
William Snaith. Finally, we want to acknowledge the
presence here today of a man to whom we turned for
guidance and friendship — former president of General
Electric, Mr. Charles E. Wilson.
I should like to acknowledge the work of several dedi-
cated individuals who have rendered service above and
beyond the call of duty: Dr. Nathan Dechter, L. Edward
Masin, Miss Ann McLaughlin and Dr. Charles M. Fonck.
MARTIN STONE [Director of Industrial Section.
New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation]: While
I was in California, I had the opportunity to listen to
Governor Brown being interviewed on the TV show
"Today."' Governor Brown was quite sure in his mind
that there was one factor above all else that is making
California the great State that it is today, and that is
education. Industry is being attracted to California be-
cause of the educational force that is being built there.
Similarly, we want you to know that in this World's
Fair, which Mr. Moses describes as an Olympics of Prog-
ress, we recognize that education must be displayed before
all the world. So that this Hall of Education is not only
an opportunity, it is a responsibility. We know that in
Dr. Stavisky's hands we will have at this Fair an educa-
tional exhibit of which we can all be proud.
HARRY HERSHFIELD: New York in itself is a
World's Fair. All over the City, the whole facade is
They are putting up apartment houses, office buildings,
cooperatives. In one part of the City, a beautiful house
of worship was going up. In the process of construction,
a fellow walked over and said: That's a beautiful house
of worship. What denomination is it?' And the other
fellow replied: 'I can't tell you. We're putting it up on
Now, you invited us all here on opening day, the 22nd
of April, 1964. I won't forget. You don't forget.
Of all the things in the World's Fair, this Hall of
Education pinpoints it all. Nothing in this Fair would
be here if it weren't for this Hall of Education. Let's
keep it up. Invite me again. I'll be here.
DR. JAMES E. ALLEN [Commissioner of Education,
State of New York] : A World's Fair is always an exciting
event, as evidence of progress already made, and as
harbinger of things to come. A Fair is a source of pride
and a stimulus to further achievement.
With education assuming ever- increasing prominence
in our society, I believe that the Hall of Education will be
one of the most significant buildings in the entire Fair.
The programs and activities carried on here will be, in the
far reaches of the future, most influential and lasting.
The concept behind the Hall of Education is an in-
triguing one — to tell the story of American education —
its past, present, and primarily its direction toward the
future. The School of Tomorrow, which is to be the
central feature, will challenge our imagination and fore-
It is possible to forecast some of the features of the
School of Tomorrow. It will be a veritable electronic
wonderland, served by computers, television, individual
learning centers and many other miracles of technology.
But despite all the wonders of the electronic age, the
heart of the endeavor will still be the teacher, the person
skilled in curriculum and instruction who will continue
to be the most vital factor in education.
DR. GRAYSON L. KIRK [President of Columbia
University}: Those of us who are sufficiently interested
in the field of education have many reasons for which
to be grateful to those who have planned this great ex-
position. I am grateful to those who have planned the
location of the Hall of Education. I see on the map that
it is comfortably located between two insurance com-
panies, and flanked on either side by AT&T and IBM.
I think this is an admirable arrangement which guar-
antees safety and security for the Hall of Education.
Throughout the world today, educational dimensions
have entirely changed. Until very recently in human his-
tory, education was regarded as a privilege of a few who.
either through wealth or through status or position, or
through dedication to a life of austerity, had opportu-
nities to enjoy it. But today throughout the world, beyond
the basic requirements of existence of food, shelter and
clothing, the demand for education has become almost
the next commodity in desirability.
Burdens are placed upon those of us who represent in-
stitutions in the field of education. The burden will
Attending Hall of Education groundbreaking are, left to right: L. E. Masin, Monsignor Eugene J. Molloy, Dr. Leonard P.
Stavisky, Dr. Grayson L. Kirk, Dr. James E. Allen, Dr. Nathan Dechter, Harry Hershfield, Charles E. Wilson, Frederic G.
Wiedersum, Dr. Immanuel Jakobovits and Guy Rothenstein.
continue to be great upon us for a long time to come
because we are absorbed with our own problems, faced
by the rising numbers of those who seek education at
higher, ever-higher levels. There is a burden upon those
who are more and more aware of what education can
contribute to the welfare and progress of our society, and,
happily, an increasing burden placed upon our great in-
stitutions for the conduct of more scientific and tech-
nological research, and for research in fields far removed
from science and technology.
As we look at these immense challenges now placed
before the world, we are grateful for the opportunity that
will be presented to us in this Hall of Education; not
only to demonstrate what we think ought to be done,
what we have perhaps accomplished, but above all what
we hope we will be able to do in the future, not only for
ourselves, but for a great many others.
HONORABLE KENNETH B. KEATING [United
States Senator, State of New York] : I am deeply honored
to mark with you today the dedication of the splendid
dream to which you are now giving substance, the Hall
of Education. The breaking of ground since time began
is the act of a man who is planting a seed.
Senator Kenneth B. Keating (left) and Fair President Robert
Moses were featured speakers at the Hall of Education
Our planting today will grow and flower as food for
the mind, for the Hall of Education will be at once a
living expression of man's eternal quest to know, and our
recognition of how vital, how precious, how sacred is
It is eminently fitting that education should have a focal
habitation at the New York World's Fair. It is fitting
as well that education is here related not with a nation
alone, but with the world, that this building has its true
foundation on the vast territory of the earth itself, because
education is not an island but a universe — touching all
men, shaping all men, a life force without nationality, a
language that knows no barriers, because it is itself a
denial of barriers.
Today it is an epic irony of history that we are bent
on discovering new worlds before we have fully dis-
covered our own world — discovered it in the deep and
real sense of exploring the spirit and imagination of man.
We speak of captive people. Illiteracy too is a jailor,
imprisoning half a world in ignorance. The conquest of
illiteracy is a mining of great untapped resources, a libera-
tion of intellectual forces that could have a transforming
effect upon the future of mankind.
Let this, therefore, be the century of light. This Hall of
Education will stand before us as a symbol of the sublime
victory of light over darkness. This indeed was the con-
cept of the imaginative and far-seeing creators of the
idea that is to be concretized in the Hall of Education. It
will serve as a dynamic workshop wherein the teaching
and learning process will in a sense go to school for the
purpose of improvement. The doors of the future will be
opened here, leading to new methods, new techniques,
new advances designed to meet the new needs, challenges
and opportunities of an expanding nation.
May this splendid realization — the Hall of Education
— help to light our people, our nation, our civilization,
toward a destiny enriched and ennobled by the mind of
DR. STAVISKY: Not only do I present the President
of the New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation,
but I am honored to present Dr. Robert Moses.
ROBERT MOSES: In the rarified atmosphere in which
I operate, I learned long ago to hide a Phi Beta Kappa
key and to say absolutely nothing about a Ph.D. I must
say though that I was kind of pleased to hear the other
day that my small granddaughter has been elected a Phi
Beta Kappa at Radcliffe, so it's still in the family.
But these are things that are all very well in this
gathering here, but in the more or less political at-
mosphere in which I have had to operate for years, you
hide the hood and the Phi Beta Kappa key, and then you
have a chance to get along among the roughnecks. I am
very much pleased on behalf of the Fair management,
to welcome this Hall of Education. It's been one of the
gaps in our program, and a gap that we've been very
anxious to fill, and which apparently is going to be filled
There has been a tendency in New York and perhaps
in some of the outlying sections, in the hinterlands, to
emphasize what appears to be lacking in the Fair, rather
than what we have accomplished, and to draw attention
to the absence of, for example, the USSR, the British
Commonwealth, the state of Israel, some important fac-
tors in the railroad and air transportation industries, and
some other absentees. They are not numerous. In the
main, not terribly important. I would be less than frank
if I didn't say that I think it's unfortunate that we don't
have a first-rate health and medicine exhibit. I don't
know why. We tried every possible way to get it. We
tried through the medical societies, we tried through the
foundations which have put a good deal of money into
that sort of thing — but that has not been successful.
That by the way was the second most popular exhibit
at the 39-40 fair. Second only to General Motors, meas-
ured in the only way you could measure those things —
by actual turnstile attendance. I am sorry that the United
Kingdom isn't in, and it would be futile to speculate as
to the reasons for it. I have foreseen, as most of us here
have who have had any close relations with Canada, that
Canada would not come in but it seems an almost incred-
ible thing that we have been unable to get the Canadians,
on the other side of an unguarded border — people with
whom some of us, worked, without even a contract on huge
power projects — it has been astonishing that they haven't
been in the Fair.
But these absentees shouldn't be emphasized. Half of
them are coming in, half of the gaps are being filled. This
is a very important one, as I said, that is filled by the
Hall of Education. It's much better to dwell on what
you have here than on what's missing. We have a larger
number of foreign nations than have been in any world's
fair before. Among the new foreign nations are proud
and ambitious, completely inexperienced, and very poor
countries, which are reaching out to establish democracies,
republics, or whatever you want to call them — over
night. Something some of us have some lingering doubts
about. In any event, quite a few of them are coming in.
Almost all the big industries are in. All of the states
which have funds and legislative sessions ready to act
are in the Fair. The U.S. Government is in; the City of
New York is in. The transportation industry excepting
air and rails, as I indicated before, is in the Fair, and
they are in the Fair in a big way. And to give you some
idea, to get away from generalities, of what this adds up
t0 — t he arterial program in and immediately adjacent
to the Fair, runs to a total of between 300 and 400 mil-
lion dollars. There is more arterial work going on here-
in this narrow compass than in any other corresponding
urban area in this country or elsewhere and that is not
an exaggeration. These are permanent improvements that
would have been made sometime, anyway, but they have
been expedited in order to get them ready for the Fair.
1 don't know how long it would have taken had there
Dr. Leonard Stavisky and Dr. Nathan Dechfer break ground
for the Hall of Education.
been no Fair, for them to be realized, but a long time
in any event. In the last Fair, General Motors made no
public announcement of what it spent, but I figure that
it was somewhere between 7 and 8 million dollars. This
time it is above 36 million dollars. Florida is up to 27-28
million dollars, and these are magnificent exhibits, and
they are free — there won't be any extra charge to get
It's going to be quite a place in those two years. I don't
think that any of you need to worry much about our
opening on time, there may be some things that are
lagging. I don't anticipate any labor difficulties — we
have a no strike pledge by Harry Van Arsdale, Jr. and
Peter J. Brennan and the other labor leaders. They have
always respected their pledges as far as I am concerned,
and I assume they will keep this one.
We may run into some very high costs due to delays,
double time, over time — but we'll get the Fair open, and
it will be substantially if not entirely finished and I think
entirely finished. There isn't much time to finish any
project that's just starting, like this one. If you look at
these signs — there doesn't seem to be one here in this
room — but here's the number of days until the opening
of the Fair and the number of working days. That's one
of these little gadgets that some of us have used for the
last 20 or 30 years to impress upon people the fact that
time is passing, and they can't delay very long.
Now we assume that you are going to pitch in, and not
only get your building up but install the exhibits which
have been described today, and all I can say in closing
is that I thank you for this Hall, and that we will all meet
again here when it finally opens.
Now this is the symbol of the Fair on one side and
the coat of arms of the City of New York on the other.
And it's given to you on the occasion of the groundbreak-
DR. STAVISKY: Speaking for my associates in Inter-
national Fair Consultants, our cooperating companies and
our exhibitors, I want to thank the World's Fair for its
expression of faith and confidence in the Hall of Educa-
tion. I am very proud to accept this official medallion
in their behalf.
Very Reverend Monsignor Eugene J. Molloy
Associate Superintendent of Catholic Schools
Diocese of Brooklyn
Dr. Leonard P. Stavisky
Hall of Education
Mr. Martin Stone-
Director of Industrial Section
New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation
Mr. Charles E. Wilson
Past President, General Electric Co.
Mr. Harry Hershfield
Dr. James E. Allen
Commissioner of Education
State of New York
Rev. Stanley H. Topple
New York Bible Society
Dr. Grayson L. Kirk
Honorable Kenneth B. Keating
United States Senator
Honorable Robert Moses
New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation
Presentation of World's Fair medallion to Hall of Education
Benediction : Dr. Immanuel Jakobovits
Fifth Avenue Synagogue
HALL OF EDUCATION
INTERNATIONAL FAIR CONSULTANTS, Planning - Construction - Management
DR. CHARLES M. FONCK, President and Chairman of the Board of Consultants
DR. LEONARD P. STAV1SKY, Executive Vice President
DR. NATHAN DECHTER, Vice President and Counsel
L. EDWARD MASIN, Treasurer
ANN McLAUGHLIN, Assistant to the President
NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965 CORPORATION
Flushing 52, N. Y. Tel. 212-WF 4-1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM A. BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWIN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section
IH I M I H »7 (USS) IMM SUtn SUd
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of the Corporation and
Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer