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Full text of "1964-65 New York World's Fair Groundbreaking and Dedication Booklets"

FEBRUARY 14, 1963 



THE HALL OF EDUCATION 

GROUNDBREAKING AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965 



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Excerpts from remarks by World's Fair and Hall 
of Education officials, and special guests at the 
Hall of Education groundbreaking ceremonies. 
New York World's Fair, Thursday, February 14, 
1963. 



DR. LEONARD P. STAVISKY [Executive Vice 
President, International Fair Consultants, Inc.]: February 
14, 1963 marks the groundbreaking of the Hall of Edu- 
cation at the New York World's Fair. For the first time in 
World's Fair history, an entire pavilion will be devoted 
to the world of education. 

This project dramatizes the interaction between indus- 
try and education. 

Exciting programs will originate from the Hall of 
Education. Special areas will be devoted to the School of 
Tomorrow, Library of the Future, Science and Industry. 



the Audio-Visual Center, Teaching Machines and Pro- 
grammed Instruction, an Adventure Playground, Voca- 
tional Training, the Fine Arts, the Story of Writing. 
Health and Medicine, Vacation land, the World of Youth, 
Educational Tours, a Model Book Store, Public Opinion 
Polls and an Information Retrieval Center. 

Dialogues in Depth — a series of informal discussions 
with the great minds and personalities of our time — will 
originate live from the Hall of Education's Demonstra- 
tion Center and will be preserved on film and tape as a 
compendium of living history and a legacy to the future. 

Over fifty nationwide associations are participating in 
the planning and development of the Hall of Education 
program, and many are scheduling meetings and conven- 
tions to coincide with special events at the pavilion. 

We are grateful to the distinguished educators, led by- 
Dean Harry J. Carman and Dr. Robert M. Maclver, who 
have given wise counsel and advice. We are proud of our 
exhibitors who will participate in this prestige setting. 



Cover: Rendering of the Hall of Education, with its futuristic columns framing the wedge-shaped main structure. At the main 
entrance, a new symbol of education, selected through a nationwide competition, will be unveiled for the first time. Architects, 
Frederic P. Weidersum Associates; contractors, Cauldwell-Wingate and Vermilya-Brown. 



11963 New York World's Foir 1964-1965 Corporation 



We also wish to thank our associates who have cooperated 
with International Fair Consultants in the planning and 
development of this project — Frederic P. Wiedersum 
Associates, Cauldwell-Wingate, Vermilya-Brown, Straus- 
Duparquet, Supronics Corporation and Raymond Loewy- 
William Snaith. Finally, we want to acknowledge the 
presence here today of a man to whom we turned for 
guidance and friendship — former president of General 
Electric, Mr. Charles E. Wilson. 

I should like to acknowledge the work of several dedi- 
cated individuals who have rendered service above and 
beyond the call of duty: Dr. Nathan Dechter, L. Edward 
Masin, Miss Ann McLaughlin and Dr. Charles M. Fonck. 

MARTIN STONE [Director of Industrial Section. 
New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation]: While 
I was in California, I had the opportunity to listen to 
Governor Brown being interviewed on the TV show 
"Today."' Governor Brown was quite sure in his mind 
that there was one factor above all else that is making 
California the great State that it is today, and that is 
education. Industry is being attracted to California be- 
cause of the educational force that is being built there. 

Similarly, we want you to know that in this World's 



Fair, which Mr. Moses describes as an Olympics of Prog- 
ress, we recognize that education must be displayed before 
all the world. So that this Hall of Education is not only 
an opportunity, it is a responsibility. We know that in 
Dr. Stavisky's hands we will have at this Fair an educa- 
tional exhibit of which we can all be proud. 

HARRY HERSHFIELD: New York in itself is a 
World's Fair. All over the City, the whole facade is 
changing. 

They are putting up apartment houses, office buildings, 
cooperatives. In one part of the City, a beautiful house 
of worship was going up. In the process of construction, 
a fellow walked over and said: That's a beautiful house 
of worship. What denomination is it?' And the other 
fellow replied: 'I can't tell you. We're putting it up on 
speculation.' 

Now, you invited us all here on opening day, the 22nd 
of April, 1964. I won't forget. You don't forget. 

Of all the things in the World's Fair, this Hall of 
Education pinpoints it all. Nothing in this Fair would 
be here if it weren't for this Hall of Education. Let's 
keep it up. Invite me again. I'll be here. 



DR. JAMES E. ALLEN [Commissioner of Education, 
State of New York] : A World's Fair is always an exciting 
event, as evidence of progress already made, and as 
harbinger of things to come. A Fair is a source of pride 
and a stimulus to further achievement. 

With education assuming ever- increasing prominence 
in our society, I believe that the Hall of Education will be 
one of the most significant buildings in the entire Fair. 
The programs and activities carried on here will be, in the 
far reaches of the future, most influential and lasting. 

The concept behind the Hall of Education is an in- 
triguing one — to tell the story of American education — 
its past, present, and primarily its direction toward the 
future. The School of Tomorrow, which is to be the 
central feature, will challenge our imagination and fore- 
sight. 

It is possible to forecast some of the features of the 
School of Tomorrow. It will be a veritable electronic 
wonderland, served by computers, television, individual 
learning centers and many other miracles of technology. 
But despite all the wonders of the electronic age, the 
heart of the endeavor will still be the teacher, the person 
skilled in curriculum and instruction who will continue 



to be the most vital factor in education. 

DR. GRAYSON L. KIRK [President of Columbia 
University}: Those of us who are sufficiently interested 
in the field of education have many reasons for which 
to be grateful to those who have planned this great ex- 
position. I am grateful to those who have planned the 
location of the Hall of Education. I see on the map that 
it is comfortably located between two insurance com- 
panies, and flanked on either side by AT&T and IBM. 
I think this is an admirable arrangement which guar- 
antees safety and security for the Hall of Education. 

Throughout the world today, educational dimensions 
have entirely changed. Until very recently in human his- 
tory, education was regarded as a privilege of a few who. 
either through wealth or through status or position, or 
through dedication to a life of austerity, had opportu- 
nities to enjoy it. But today throughout the world, beyond 
the basic requirements of existence of food, shelter and 
clothing, the demand for education has become almost 
the next commodity in desirability. 

Burdens are placed upon those of us who represent in- 
stitutions in the field of education. The burden will 




Attending Hall of Education groundbreaking are, left to right: L. E. Masin, Monsignor Eugene J. Molloy, Dr. Leonard P. 
Stavisky, Dr. Grayson L. Kirk, Dr. James E. Allen, Dr. Nathan Dechter, Harry Hershfield, Charles E. Wilson, Frederic G. 
Wiedersum, Dr. Immanuel Jakobovits and Guy Rothenstein. 



continue to be great upon us for a long time to come 
because we are absorbed with our own problems, faced 
by the rising numbers of those who seek education at 
higher, ever-higher levels. There is a burden upon those 
who are more and more aware of what education can 
contribute to the welfare and progress of our society, and, 
happily, an increasing burden placed upon our great in- 
stitutions for the conduct of more scientific and tech- 
nological research, and for research in fields far removed 
from science and technology. 

As we look at these immense challenges now placed 
before the world, we are grateful for the opportunity that 
will be presented to us in this Hall of Education; not 
only to demonstrate what we think ought to be done, 
what we have perhaps accomplished, but above all what 
we hope we will be able to do in the future, not only for 
ourselves, but for a great many others. 

HONORABLE KENNETH B. KEATING [United 
States Senator, State of New York] : I am deeply honored 
to mark with you today the dedication of the splendid 
dream to which you are now giving substance, the Hall 
of Education. The breaking of ground since time began 
is the act of a man who is planting a seed. 




Senator Kenneth B. Keating (left) and Fair President Robert 
Moses were featured speakers at the Hall of Education 
groundbreaking ceremony. 



Our planting today will grow and flower as food for 
the mind, for the Hall of Education will be at once a 
living expression of man's eternal quest to know, and our 
recognition of how vital, how precious, how sacred is 
that quest. 

It is eminently fitting that education should have a focal 
habitation at the New York World's Fair. It is fitting 
as well that education is here related not with a nation 
alone, but with the world, that this building has its true 
foundation on the vast territory of the earth itself, because 
education is not an island but a universe — touching all 
men, shaping all men, a life force without nationality, a 
language that knows no barriers, because it is itself a 
denial of barriers. 

Today it is an epic irony of history that we are bent 
on discovering new worlds before we have fully dis- 
covered our own world — discovered it in the deep and 
real sense of exploring the spirit and imagination of man. 
We speak of captive people. Illiteracy too is a jailor, 
imprisoning half a world in ignorance. The conquest of 
illiteracy is a mining of great untapped resources, a libera- 
tion of intellectual forces that could have a transforming 
effect upon the future of mankind. 



Let this, therefore, be the century of light. This Hall of 
Education will stand before us as a symbol of the sublime 
victory of light over darkness. This indeed was the con- 
cept of the imaginative and far-seeing creators of the 
idea that is to be concretized in the Hall of Education. It 
will serve as a dynamic workshop wherein the teaching 
and learning process will in a sense go to school for the 
purpose of improvement. The doors of the future will be 
opened here, leading to new methods, new techniques, 
new advances designed to meet the new needs, challenges 
and opportunities of an expanding nation. 

May this splendid realization — the Hall of Education 
— help to light our people, our nation, our civilization, 
toward a destiny enriched and ennobled by the mind of 
man. 

DR. STAVISKY: Not only do I present the President 
of the New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation, 
but I am honored to present Dr. Robert Moses. 

ROBERT MOSES: In the rarified atmosphere in which 
I operate, I learned long ago to hide a Phi Beta Kappa 
key and to say absolutely nothing about a Ph.D. I must 



say though that I was kind of pleased to hear the other 
day that my small granddaughter has been elected a Phi 
Beta Kappa at Radcliffe, so it's still in the family. 

But these are things that are all very well in this 
gathering here, but in the more or less political at- 
mosphere in which I have had to operate for years, you 
hide the hood and the Phi Beta Kappa key, and then you 
have a chance to get along among the roughnecks. I am 
very much pleased on behalf of the Fair management, 
to welcome this Hall of Education. It's been one of the 
gaps in our program, and a gap that we've been very 
anxious to fill, and which apparently is going to be filled 
admirably. 

There has been a tendency in New York and perhaps 
in some of the outlying sections, in the hinterlands, to 
emphasize what appears to be lacking in the Fair, rather 
than what we have accomplished, and to draw attention 
to the absence of, for example, the USSR, the British 
Commonwealth, the state of Israel, some important fac- 
tors in the railroad and air transportation industries, and 
some other absentees. They are not numerous. In the 
main, not terribly important. I would be less than frank 
if I didn't say that I think it's unfortunate that we don't 



have a first-rate health and medicine exhibit. I don't 
know why. We tried every possible way to get it. We 
tried through the medical societies, we tried through the 
foundations which have put a good deal of money into 
that sort of thing — but that has not been successful. 

That by the way was the second most popular exhibit 
at the 39-40 fair. Second only to General Motors, meas- 
ured in the only way you could measure those things — 
by actual turnstile attendance. I am sorry that the United 
Kingdom isn't in, and it would be futile to speculate as 
to the reasons for it. I have foreseen, as most of us here 
have who have had any close relations with Canada, that 
Canada would not come in but it seems an almost incred- 
ible thing that we have been unable to get the Canadians, 
on the other side of an unguarded border — people with 
whom some of us, worked, without even a contract on huge 
power projects — it has been astonishing that they haven't 
been in the Fair. 

But these absentees shouldn't be emphasized. Half of 
them are coming in, half of the gaps are being filled. This 
is a very important one, as I said, that is filled by the 
Hall of Education. It's much better to dwell on what 
you have here than on what's missing. We have a larger 



number of foreign nations than have been in any world's 
fair before. Among the new foreign nations are proud 
and ambitious, completely inexperienced, and very poor 
countries, which are reaching out to establish democracies, 
republics, or whatever you want to call them — over 
night. Something some of us have some lingering doubts 
about. In any event, quite a few of them are coming in. 

Almost all the big industries are in. All of the states 
which have funds and legislative sessions ready to act 
are in the Fair. The U.S. Government is in; the City of 
New York is in. The transportation industry excepting 
air and rails, as I indicated before, is in the Fair, and 
they are in the Fair in a big way. And to give you some 
idea, to get away from generalities, of what this adds up 
t0 — t he arterial program in and immediately adjacent 
to the Fair, runs to a total of between 300 and 400 mil- 
lion dollars. There is more arterial work going on here- 
in this narrow compass than in any other corresponding 
urban area in this country or elsewhere and that is not 
an exaggeration. These are permanent improvements that 
would have been made sometime, anyway, but they have 
been expedited in order to get them ready for the Fair. 

1 don't know how long it would have taken had there 




Dr. Leonard Stavisky and Dr. Nathan Dechfer break ground 
for the Hall of Education. 



been no Fair, for them to be realized, but a long time 
in any event. In the last Fair, General Motors made no 
public announcement of what it spent, but I figure that 
it was somewhere between 7 and 8 million dollars. This 
time it is above 36 million dollars. Florida is up to 27-28 
million dollars, and these are magnificent exhibits, and 
they are free — there won't be any extra charge to get 
into them. 

It's going to be quite a place in those two years. I don't 
think that any of you need to worry much about our 
opening on time, there may be some things that are 
lagging. I don't anticipate any labor difficulties — we 
have a no strike pledge by Harry Van Arsdale, Jr. and 
Peter J. Brennan and the other labor leaders. They have 
always respected their pledges as far as I am concerned, 
and I assume they will keep this one. 

We may run into some very high costs due to delays, 
double time, over time — but we'll get the Fair open, and 
it will be substantially if not entirely finished and I think 
entirely finished. There isn't much time to finish any 
project that's just starting, like this one. If you look at 
these signs — there doesn't seem to be one here in this 
room — but here's the number of days until the opening 



of the Fair and the number of working days. That's one 
of these little gadgets that some of us have used for the 
last 20 or 30 years to impress upon people the fact that 
time is passing, and they can't delay very long. 

Now we assume that you are going to pitch in, and not 
only get your building up but install the exhibits which 
have been described today, and all I can say in closing 
is that I thank you for this Hall, and that we will all meet 
again here when it finally opens. 

Now this is the symbol of the Fair on one side and 
the coat of arms of the City of New York on the other. 
And it's given to you on the occasion of the groundbreak- 
ing today. 

DR. STAVISKY: Speaking for my associates in Inter- 
national Fair Consultants, our cooperating companies and 
our exhibitors, I want to thank the World's Fair for its 
expression of faith and confidence in the Hall of Educa- 
tion. I am very proud to accept this official medallion 
in their behalf. 



10 



R O 



M 




Invocation : 

Welcome : 
Greetings : 

Introduction of 
Special Guests: 

Remarks : 

Remarks : 

Spiritual Message: 
Remarks : 

Address: 
Address : 



Very Reverend Monsignor Eugene J. Molloy 
Associate Superintendent of Catholic Schools 
Diocese of Brooklyn 

Dr. Leonard P. Stavisky 
Hall of Education 

Mr. Martin Stone- 
Director of Industrial Section 
New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation 

Mr. Charles E. Wilson 

Past President, General Electric Co. 

Mr. Harry Hershfield 

Dr. James E. Allen 
Commissioner of Education 
State of New York 

Rev. Stanley H. Topple 
New York Bible Society 

Dr. Grayson L. Kirk 
President 
Columbia University 

Honorable Kenneth B. Keating 
United States Senator 



Honorable Robert Moses 

President 

New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation 

Presentation of World's Fair medallion to Hall of Education 

Benediction : Dr. Immanuel Jakobovits 

Rabbi 
Fifth Avenue Synagogue 



11 




HALL OF EDUCATION 

INTERNATIONAL FAIR CONSULTANTS, Planning - Construction - Management 

DR. CHARLES M. FONCK, President and Chairman of the Board of Consultants 

DR. LEONARD P. STAV1SKY, Executive Vice President 

DR. NATHAN DECHTER, Vice President and Counsel 

L. EDWARD MASIN, Treasurer 

ANN McLAUGHLIN, Assistant to the President 



NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965 CORPORATION 
Flushing 52, N. Y. Tel. 212-WF 4-1964 

ROBERT MOSES, President 

THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee 

WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President 

CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits 

STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations 

WILLIAM A. BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations 

ERWIN WITT, Comptroller 

MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section 

GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section 




UNISPHERE 

IH I M I H »7 (USS) IMM SUtn SUd 



ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of the Corporation and 
Assistant to the President 

WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer 



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