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Permanent Hall of Science 

Dedicated September 9, 1964 

Ceremony Excerpts 


George M, Bunker, President of the Martin Marietta Corp., 
speaks during dedication ceremonies. Listening from RIGHT to 
LEFT are Queens Borough President Mario J. Cariello, Robert 
Moses, President of the New York World's Fair 1964-1965 
Corporation, Paul R. Screvane, President of the Council of the 
City of New York, Mayor Robert F. Wagner and James E. Webb, 
Administrator of NASA. 


President of the Council of the City of New York 

We are joining in more than a mere dedication of another 
building at the World's Fair. What we are doing today is 
taking the first major step in the creation of an enduring 

This magnificent building will be enjoyed by all the citi- 
zens of our city and the millions of visitors during the Fair 
and also for generations thereafter. Today we are in the 
midst of a new age and a new era, one in which the scientific 
and technological breakthroughs are felt almost immediately 
in our daily lives, The average citizen is affected by the de- 
velopments in laboratories and in research centers as never 
before in the history of man. Thus even the taste, as well 
as the safety, of the water we drink and the food we eat 
are immediately affected by scientific and technological re- 
search. We and our children must learn more than we know 
now about this vast body of knowledge, its methods, its 
language and its history. None of us can afford to be illiterate 
in the language of science. Our schools and colleges and our 
universities have the primary task of instructing the young 
in the ways and principles of science. The schools have 
accepted that responsibility. 

But other institutions, both public and private, also have 
responsibilities to discharge. This Hall of Science is one of 
the ways of meeting one of those responsibilities, We fore- 
see here an institution of excellence, dedicated to serving the 
entire community and the country. New York City is noted 
as a worldwide scientific and research center. It is also a 
center for many of the great industrial and technological 
complexes of our nation. We are very proud of this. We 
hope that this new establishment will serve to enhance that 
position of pre-eminence. 


President- of the Borough of Queens 

I welcome you today to the center of our great city which 
has become symbolic as a world center, and to the Hall of 
Science, which with what we hope to achieve, will likewise 
become the center of outer space. We're blessed with this 
sunshiny day to give added impetus and success to this won- 
derful project that we are about to unveil and dedicate. 

This is another part of the resurgence that is going on in 
the Borough of Queens, and it will be one part of one of 
the greatest Eastern seaboard parks when all of the things 
we contemplate are completed. 


Administrator of the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration 

As we move more deeply into the age of applied science, 
public understanding is extremely important: it is impor- 
tant to the nation in its national policies; it is important to 
this city and your future in it. For science is an integral part 
of the concepts and the hard work that maintain this nation. 
In your New York universities, in your schools, in this build- 
ing, the disciplines of science work with all other disciplines 
in the American conviction that public knowledge is public 
strength; that one of the hard facts of international life 
today is that the technological balance of power is one of 
the most important elements in a nation's ability to influence 
decisions on war or peace, life or death for millions, and the 
means and the ends of national and international cooperation. 

It is essential, I believe, in this belief, that the public realize 
science's problems, become familiar with its tools, appreciate 
its progress, recognize its relevance to technology, to engi- 
neering and indeed to all aspects of modern living, and then 
to share in its aspirations. So this building which we dedicate 
today, beyond its magnificent structure, has a great sig- 
nificance. It is a means of helping the thousands who will 
\ isit here to understand a field of human endeavor which 

Opening of ceremonies at the dedication of the permanent Hall 
of Science on September 9, 1 964, at the New York World's Fair, 

has grown to new dimensions and new importance in our day. 
It is a great credit I think to the wisdom of Robert Moses 
and his associates that this permanent structure is designed 
for retention after the Fair, And so today we dedicate a 
building for which New York City and New Yorkers are 
to be commended. We in NASA wish it every possible suc- 
cess and appreciate the opportunity to work with the dis- 
tinguished leaders of the Fair, the City and this Borough, 
in making it possible. 


President of the Martln-Mar/etta Corporation 

Only a few years ago we were congratulating ourselves 
because we had a part in launching a satellite that was the 
size of a grapefruit. Today we put men into orbit and probe 
the moon and Venus, What you will witness here this after- 
noon may seem futuristic. But I assure you it is not. In less 
than a decade you will think it commonplace. Perhaps the 
most important function of a science center is to relate the 
foreseeable future and to open people's eyes to its possibilities. 

In this Hall of Science, with its comforting assurance of 
permanency, we are hopeful of stirring the imaginations of 
a younger generation. In this Hall, the Orville Wrights, the 

Robert Goddards, and the John Glenns of the future may 
have their ambitions fired and their energies directed toward 
the promise of the space age. This is what makes us particu- 
larly happy to have made a significant contribution to this 
Hall and to the new permanent Science Center. It is there- 
fore with great pride and pleasure that I turn over the Martin 
exhibit, "Rendezvous in Space," to Mayor Wagner and to 
the City of New York, 

Pres/deiil of the New York World 1 ! Fair 
1964-1965 Corporation 

Science was old two thousand five hundred years ago. 
Willard Gibbs and Albert Einstein, working with logic 
rather than elaborate laboratory equipment, gave us basic 
formulas of mathematical physics, but Demotritus of 
Abdera, with no laboratory ac all, was there long before 
them. The relation of science to the humanities plagued the 
sages of Athens. The Greeks anticipated Freud. They had 
a word for it — psychiatry. As the Preacher in the Old 
Testament remarked, there is really nothing new under the 

I remarked at the June 15th opening of the Hall of Sci- 

ence that we at the Fair have been charged with favoring 
business above culture, science above the arts and fun above 
religion and the eternal verities, as though the sum total of 
human knowledge, faith and endeavor can be exactly and 
mathematically divided into exclusive, sealed, vacuum packed, 
air tight compartments. This is nonsense. These objectives 
overlap and run together. The subdivisions are for con- 
venience only. There is contrast and emphasis, but not neces- 
sarily conflict between science and the humanities. We 
promised that our Hall of Science would in the broadest 
sense include all the humanities. It will, 

If the assertive, bright minds who chatter about form 
and function were familiar with the classics they would know 
that useful things are not necessarily beautiful, but that 
beauty always has use. I believe Wallace Harrison has illus- 
trated this maxim m this Hall. It is of course impossible to 
explain architecture. I have admitted before that I don't 
know what Wally Harrison had in mind, and perhaps he 
doesn't know himself — the cleft rock, convolution, whelk, 
at once a fortress and a cathedral where some unseen organ 
is to play without bells, bellows, pipes, keyboards or human 
hands, literally a tour de force where a gigantic toy seeks to 
elucidate science to the multitude. 

As to the future, the campus we envision here in the 

Park after the Fair will be large enough to accommodate 
whatever government research and private philanthropy can 
be persuaded to provide. On this auspicious occasion, the 
moon is one of our objectives. I like particularly the concept 
of Frank Capra and his sponsors of a sort of second shift 
or changing of the guard high above our small planet, a 
strategic way station ro the galaxies of outer space. 

There is today extraordinary public interest in space 
exploration. Where man's mechanical forerunner has gone, 
he is bound to follow, Meanwhile, an ingenious three- 
dimensional show will serve to explain the fourth dimen- 
sion. A man's reach, as Browning said, should exceed his 
grasp, or what's a heaven for? 

Millions will see this counterfeit presentment. Our thanks 
to the City, to the National Aeronautics and Space Agency, 
to Martin-Marietta and to all the others who have been 
engaged in producing this extraordinary spectacle. 


Mayor of the City of New York 

1 feel great- pride and satisfaction in being with you today 
to dedicate this Hall of Science, temporarily a part of the 
World's Fair, but destined to be a permanent and major fix- 

ture and feature of the Borough of Queens and an important 
addition to the cultural and educational facilities of the 
City of New York. 

Surely, this must be more than a showcase of modern 
gadgetry and a carnival of scientific magic. It must instruct, 
inspire and enrich and it must do more: it must dramatize 
the unity of the world and its place in the universe. The 
incredible marvel of the human brain is that it integrates 
learning and experience. At the same time, however, a major 
effect of the continuing scientific advance has been to make 
the integration of knowledge increasingly difficult. Science 
divides knowledge and the world into an increasing number 
of components, just as it has taught us how to divide matter 
itself into smaller and smaller units. Perhaps in this Hall of 
Science knowledge can be put back together again in as 
much one piece as possible. In this Hall of Science, the 
advances of science will be reflected and the history of science 
will be dramatized. Here there will be demonstrated the great 
ladder which leads from the firm footing of tested facts 
upward, upward, toward the moon, toward our sister planets, 
and outward into boundless space. 

All of the scientific world must feel that this is to be 
their center for the public display of scientific achievements, 
for communication to the lay world, and for graphic teaching 

to the young. This is what I hope to see rise here. This is 
what I hope the scientific world will come to expect to see 
here and to participate in creating. This is our purpose. 

Communication is essential, not only between the different 
branches of science but above all between the men of science 
and the workaday world, the world of government and of 
every day thought and action. Just as no man is an island 
by himself, so no science, nor even the whole of science is 
an island by itself. Science is a part of the continent of knowl- 
edge and part of the world of mankind. The basic idea of 
democracy is that all men thinking and acting together should 
direct the future of each nation and hence of the world and 
that their decisions should be based on all available knowl- 
edge, including scientific knowledge. 

James E. Webb, administrator of NASA, Mayor Robert F. 
Wagner, Thomas J, Deegan, chairman of the World's Fair 
Executive Committee, and Robert Moses, president of the Fair, 
look off into "outer space/ 1 during dedication of the Hall of 


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© 1964 New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation