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APRIL 8, 1 963 

1964- 1965 

Remarks by Indian and World's Fair officials 
at the Pavilion of India groundbreaking cere- 
monies, New York World's Fair, Monday, 
April 8, 1963. 

[Chief of Protocol] : Mrs. Gandhi, Consul General Roy, 
President Moses, ladies and gentlemen. It is a pleasure 
to welcome you here on this auspicious occasion. I would 
like to introduce as our first speaker, Consul General 
Sunil K. Roy. 

guests, friends. An occasion like this is one which gives 
special satisfaction to a country's representative when he 
has the opportunity to partake in it. Particularly signifi- 
cant for me is the spirit of cooperation in which all of us 
have worked from the outset. Indeed it is in the true 
spirit of Indo-American relations. 

A happy set of circumstances has brought Mrs. Indira 

Gandhi to America to perform the ceremony. We could 
not have a more happy augury with which to begin our 
work. The theme of our pavilion is to be "Progress in 
Democracy." Very few people realize that our dedica- 
tion to the ideals of democracy in modern times stems 
from the history of our country and the very roots of 
Indian tradition. 

The man who laid the foundations for our freedom 
in modern times was Mohandas Gandhi. The people say 
he was a saint turned politician, when in fact he was a 
politician trying to be saintly. In this sense, he was 
reflecting the intrinsic truth that political force is an inte- 
gral part of Indian philosophy and that there are no sepa- 
rate divisions of religious, social and political thought. 

Indeed, throughout our history there is this basic con- 
cept that the rulers take their power from the people and 
have the right, nay, the duty to remove unjust rulers. 
The very theme, "Progress in Democracy," is linked with 
our modern ideals and stems from our ancient tradition. 
This enables us to show the whole growth of modern 
India and, in this process, it is perhaps symbolic that 

Cover: Progress in Democracy will be the theme of the Indian Pavilion at the World's Fair, as shown in architect 
Mansinh M. Rana's rendering. 

11963 New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation 

Mrs. Gandhi should be here for the ceremony. 

Mrs. Gandhi symbolizes modern India because women 
in India have always taken an important part in our life 
by fighting side by side with their men. They have today 
by natural right, an equal place with men. They are 
exercising this right throughout the nation by holding 
positions of leadership in village councils and throughout 
our political and social structure including leadership of 
our main political body, the Congress Party, of which 
Mrs. Gandhi was president in 1959-1960. Thank you for 
your attention and I hope that you will see the spirit of 
our country through our pavilion. 

ister. Mrs. Gandhi, this vast and complex Fair project 
requires a man of extraordinary skill and experience as 
its director of International Exhibits. We are fortunate 
in having such a man who has worked on Fairs such as 
this practically all of his life. I have pleasure in present- 
ing to all of you Mr. Allen Beach. 

MR. ALLEN BEACH [Director, International Ex- 

Fair President, Robert Moses, accepts a memento of Indian 
handicraft from Mrs. Indira Gandhi. At right is Mr. K. N. 
Wahal, Commercial Consul of India. 

hibits]: Thank you Ambassador Patterson. Mrs. Gandhi. 
President Moses, Consul General Roy, distinguished 
guests, ladies and gentlemen. I am sorry that Governor 
Poletti cannot be here today. Our much-traveled vice 
president and ambassador for the Fair is today in Turkey. 
He asked me before he departed, however, to relay his 
congratulations to you at this ceremony. 

In the early part of February 1961, Governor and Mrs. 
Poletti headed the committee that visited India to present 
the formal invitation to participate in the New York 
World's Fair. Members of that committee were Judge 
and Mrs. Samuel Rosenman, Mr. Oswald B. Ward and 
Mr. William Berns, vice president for Communications. 

Since then, with efficiency, the plans for India's Pa- 
\ dion have progressed to realization under rhe guidance 
of a special committee led by Mrs. Indira Gandhi. India's 
two-story pavilion on this excellent 25,000 sq. ft. site, 
across from the Federal Pavilion, will be organized under 
the theme "Progress in Democracy." We know ic will 
be a charming exhibit with an important story to tell to 
the world. 

Besides the fine work of Mrs. Gandhi, no small part 
of the success of India's participation is due to the won- 
derful cooperation we have enjoyed from Consul General 
Sunil K. Roy and Commercial Consul K. N. Wahal. 
They have worked closely with us and with Mr. Douglas 
Beaton of our International Division, who has coordi- 
nated our mutual efforts. 

We congratulate Mr. Mansinh M. Rana, and his asso- 
ciates Mr. Stonorov and Mr. Haws of Philadelphia, on 
the excellent design of India's Pavilion. Of course we are 
delighted to welcome to the Fair for the second time. 
Mrs. Indira Gandhi. 

Beach. There is no question that since the passing of the 
great Mahatma Gandhi one name which we accept as the 
voice of India reverberates throughout the world. Thac 
name is Prime Minister Nehru, the illustrious father of 
Mrs. Indira Gandhi. Mrs. Gandhi is skilled in diplomacy 
and politics and like him, she too is a voice of India. It 
is a proud moment for me to present to you the brilliant 
daughter of an eminent father, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. 

MRS. GANDHI: Ambassador Patterson, President 
Muses and distinguished quests. It is indeed a very g 
pleasure for me to be here this afternoon to break ground 
for the Indian Pavilion. I was here a few months ago 
and I did not know then of the many difficulties we 
would encounter in order to participate in the New York 
World's Fair. As you know, India been the victim of 
aggression since then. Therefore, we are facing tremen- 
dous financial, and other difficulties, in order to main- 
tain our freedom, our democracy . our sense of values. 
Thus, we did not know whether, in these circumstances, 
we could still participate in this Fair. It will give you 
some idea of the great importance we attach to the Fair 
and to friendship with this great country and its people, 
that despite these difficulties, our government finally made 
the decision to take part. 

The theme of the Fair, "Peace Through Understand- 
ing," is one which is dear to the heart of India and the 
interdependence of nations. In my own country, a re- 
current theme in domestic matters is Unity in Diversity. 
You all know that India is a country of very large size. 

of enormous differences of structure, of language, oi 
faith and of customs. But we are trying — all of these 
different peoples still have a basic underlying unity. That 
is what has given scrength to our young democracy. We 
believe that it is only through the understanding ot each 
■other's cultures and ways of life that friendship can be 
achieved, and it is only through friendship that peace 
can he achieved. In the Moslem world perhaps peace is 
of the utmost importance because it is only through 
peace that the world can go forward to prosperity and to 
using the world's knowledge of science and technology, 
now within our grasp, for the benefit of all mankind. 

It gives me pleasure to be here, and I certainly hope 
that here in this Meadow, many seeds of friendship will 
be sown, during the period that this Fair will be held, 
which will be of lasting benefit to all those who par- 
ticipate I want to thank all those who have helped us 
in this venture, and I wish the Fair every success. 

much Mrs. Gandhi. Every great enterprise in this world 
is fundamentally the dream of one great man. This truism 

may well be accepted at our World's Fair here today. This 
great American is a field marshal of this monumental 
project for peace and progress. Mrs. Gandhi, ladies and 
gentlemen, I give you the Honorable Robert Moses. 

ROBERT MOSES: Mrs. Gandhi, Ambassador Patterson, 
friends. I am one of those ancients who in early youth 
saw the Indian Raj through a romantic veil. My generation 
was brought up on Kipling and the Barrack Room Ballads. 
In the words of our own divine Daniel Webster, we beat 
time to the morning drum, which followed the rising sun, 
kept company with the hours and circled the earth with 
one continuous and unbroken strain of the martial airs 
of England. 

We sang the Kashmiri song about the pale hands be- 
side the Shalimar. heard the echoes of voices in the 
bazaars and swallowed tales of monsoons, rains and 
racial tensions, nabobs, howdahs, viceroys, sahibs, rajahs, 
rubies, curries and whatnot. We were puzzled however 
by the ominous note of the Recessional at the Diamond 
Jubilee, after accepting the Suez Canal as the lifeline of 

We have lived to see the veil of romance rent, an 
ancient civilization revived, independence established and 
a new nation like our own, conceived in liberty and dedi- 
cated to the proposition that all men are created equal, 
rise and command the attention of the world. We have 
come to realize that there is more than a passing resem- 
blance between Abraham Lincoln and Mahatma Gandhi. 

In projecting the image of India, you will find that 
Flushing Meadow is a better medium than Hollywood. 
We welcome you to the Olympics of Progress at the 
World's Fair. We assume that you will invite your most 
ingenious administrators, architects, and artists to fashion 
your exhibits: those who can best revive the past, mirror 
the present, invoke the shape of the future, and reconcile 
and integrate the claims of religion, tradition, beauty, 
utility, industry and democracy. 

We ask that you, Madame Gandhi, convey to your 
distinguished father the respect and admiration of our 
people for his part in bringing the East and West to- 
gether, and in furthering the cause of international peace 
through friendship and understanding. 

Mrs. Indira Gandhi graciously accepts the World's Fair 
medal from Robert Moses, president of the Fair, at the 
conclusion of the speeches. 



Mrs. Indira Gandhi, Chairman of the Committee 
Hon. Sunil K. Roy, Consul General of India, New York City 
Mr. P. K. Panikkar, Director of Exhibitions, Government of India 
Mr. K. N. Wahal, Consul 

Flushing 52, N.Y. 

WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965 
Tel. 212-WF 4-1964 

ROBERT MOSES, President 

THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee 

WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President 

CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits 

STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations 

WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations 

ERWIN WITT, Comprro/ier 

MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section 

GUY F. TOZZOLI, fPorf of New York Authority) Transportation Section 

ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of the Corporation and 
Assistant to the President 


WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer