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August 15, 1963 


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The Pavilion of Lebanon will capture the art of 
traditional Lebanese architecture in contemporary 
form. The building will be constructed of imported 
Lebanese stone. It will contain exhibits illustrating 
the cultural heritage of Lebanon and its tourist 
potential; an open-air restaurant will serve Leba- 
nese cuisine. The architects-designers are Assem 
A. Salaam and Pierre El-Khoury of Beirut. Justin 
Henshell and Edwin A. Weed of New York are asso- 
ciate architects. 





Excerpts from transcription of remarks made by 
Lebanese and World's Fair officials at ground- 
breaking ceremonies for the Pavilion of Lebanon, 
at the New York World's Fair, Thursday, 
August 15, 1963. 



[Chief of Protocol] : Mr. Chammas, Mr. Makkawi, Mr. 
Consul General, Mr. Moses, Governor Poletti, distin- 
guished guests. This important groundbreaking ceremony 
marks the beginning of construction of the beautifully 
designed Pavilion of Lebanon. Before introducing the 
speakers on this auspicious occasion, I have the honor to 
present for a bow the Charge d'Affaires of the Permanent 
Mission of Lebanon to the United States, Mr. KhaJil 
Makkawi, who is honoring us this afternoon as the per- 
sonal representative of the Ambassador of Lebanon to 
the United Nations. 

Our first speaker on this important occasion has visited 
Lebanon several times and knows well the attractions, the 
achievements and potentials of that beautiful country. I 
have great pleasure in giving you Governor Charles 

International Affairs and Exhibits]: Ambassador Patter- 
son, distinguished representatives of Lebanon, President 
Moses, Hank Harris and Hugh Auchincloss and friends 
of Lebanon. I am very happy that it has been possible to 
have a groundbreaking for Lebanon, and I want at the 
very outset, on behalf of the Fair, to express our appre- 
ciation of the staunch and valiant and steadfast support 
given to the Fair in achieving a pavilion by such people 
as the architect, Assem Salaam, We are grateful to him 
for all the weeks that he's invested to bring this about 
and we are also grateful to those officials of Lebanon 
who have helped. 

1963 New York World's Fair 1 964- ) 965 Corporation 

We consider it very important to have a Pavilion of 
Lebanon because those of us who know Lebanon know of 
its unusual qualities and its special qualities. Of the 
many countries that we at the Fair have visited, Lebanon 
holds a special place. Lebanon is not a large country. I 
think it's about as large as the State of Vermont, where 
I was born, which is about 150 miles long and about 40 
miles wide — about the size of your country. 

But, of course, in Vermont w T e can't boast of all those 
wonderful things that you have in Lebanon. You have 
those magnificent beaches ; you have places like Baalbeck, 
which are unique in the world ; and you have the Cedars 
of Lebanon — and I'm delighted and grateful that we're 
going to be honored by having at the pavilion a little 
Cedar of Lebanon, a great-great-great-grandson of the 
cedars of Biblical days. 

Your country possesses many remarkable features, and 
I'm very fond of it because the people ate so friendly and 
so intelligent. We Americans are happy to enjoy the 
friendship of the people of Lebanon, and we are proud 
that the American University in Beirut has been able to 
make, and serve as, a bridge of better understanding 
between Lebanon and the United States. 

I think that the greatest investment that any country 
can make, to bring about a better understanding, is through 
education. It's all right to build dams, improve roads 
and put up a printing press or paper mill, but what pays 
dividends in the long run is education. And all the people 
who have the opportunity of going to the American Uni- 
versity in Beirut come out with a better understanding of 


the United States, and all the Americans who have any- 
thing to do with that Institution come out understanding 
the people of Lebanon more sympathetically and more 
intelligently. So we are happy that Lebanon is coming to 
this World's Fair and is coming in such an unusual and 
extraordinary way. 

We at the Fair will continue to be of whatever assist- 
ance we can. Let us assure you that we are cheerfully 
ready to give whatever we can to contribute to the suc- 
cess of your pavilion. 

We at the Fair want you to know — all of you, and 
through you the people of Lebanon — that we deeply ap- 
preciate Lebanon's action in having a pavilion here and 
in helping us achieve the objective of this great enter- 
prise that's headed by our president, Robert Moses. This 
objective is to give the seventy million visitors, and prin- 
cipally Americans, an opportunity to learn more about the 
peoples of the world, and to come to the simple conclu- 
sion that the world is indeed small, and we'd better under- 
stand and appreciate and love each other more than we 
have in the centuries past. Thank you very much. 

nor Poletti. It's not easy for me to present the next speaker, 
but 111 do the best I can. He's Robert Moses, president 
of the New York World's Fair. Ladies and gentlemen, I 
have the high privilege of presenting The Honorable 
Robert Moses. 

MR. ROBERT MOSES: Ambassador Patterson, Gov* 
ernor Poletti, our friends from Lebanon. I've got to look 
up my geography because I think that I come from an even 

smaller State than Governor Poletti. I was born in Con- 
necticut which has a few more people than Vermont, and 
I think it's smaller. But anyway, size has nothing to do 
with it, and I think that's the moral here. I don't mini- 
mize or deprecate or fail to grasp the significance of the 
great pavilions here. We are very dependent on them and 
they are putting on a very remarkable series of shows and 
demonstrations. But it isn't the size that counts — we are 
constantly telling the exhibitors and we try to make it 
clear to the smaller industries — that what we want is to 
have them here and we want them to exercise every in- 
genuity they can. We want them to use their imagination 
and, as in the case of previous Fairs, particularly the Fair 
on this site in 1939-1940, it isn't the size or the amount 
of investment that counts. 

The people who will come here are prepared to alio- 
cate several days to seeing the Fair. Some of them live 
nearby and theyil just walk in from places in Queens, 
while others will come from the rest of the city and sub- 
urbs. Others will come from the hinterland and from 
abroad and they'll be prepared to spend a week or ten 
days here. And the people will hear about the Pavilion 
of Lebanon, that it is an attractive place, and they will 
come to see it. 

Beyond that, I think it's been our experience here at the 
Fair that what we need more than anything else, and 
especially on the part of foreign countries, is a desire to 
put our best foot forward and to make it apparent, as 
Governor Poletti said, that it is one world and we are 
drawing closer and closer together — and that it's high 

time that we knew something about each other. 

I think this is going to be a fine pavilion. I think a lot 
of people are going to see it. I think the word will get 
around everywhere that it's something that they should 
not miss. And all I can add to what Governor Poletti 
said is that I'm delighted that you're here and that you've 
reached the point of breaking ground. Thank you. 

Moses. It is now my privilege and pleasure to introduce 
a distinguished Lebanese diplomat who during his out- 
standing career has served his Government in high posts 
in many foreign countries. I present The Honorable 
Nabih Noussair, Consul General of Lebanon in New 
York, and chairman of the Commission of Lebanon ro the 
New York World's Fair. 

Moses, Governor Poletti, Ambassador Patterson, ladies 
and gentlemen. I am happy and honored to be here today 
at the groundbreaking ceremony for the Lebanese Pavil- 
ion, Lebanon did not miss the Fair held in New York in 
1939-1940; every year it is represented at the Fair in 
Chicago. It wants to be present at the New York World's 
Fair in 1964-1965 because this Fair offers the best oppor- 
tunity for all the countries of the world to make them- 
selves better known internationally. 

Lebanon will try to acquaint the millions of visitors 
who will be here next year with the contributions that it 
has made in the past, from the time of the Phoenicians, 
and the contributions that it could make in the future and 
thus serve the purpose of this Fair, which is to promote 

At the groundbreaking ceremonies for the Pavilion of Lebanon 
are: (left to right): Mr. Hugh D. Auchincloss, Jr.; The Honor- 
able Nabih Noussair, Consul General of Lebanon; Governor 
Charles Poletti, vice president, International Affairs and Ex- 
hibits; M. Souheil Chammas, Deputy Chief of Mission of Leb- 
anon; and Mr. Lionel Harris, International Division of the 
New York World's Fair. 


peace through understanding. When I think of the num- 
ber of people who will visit the Fair in 1964-1965 I 
realize the importance of the work we are starting now 
and I appreciate the value of the farsightedness of all 
those who have promoted the idea of the Fair. 

Our pavilion will be built with stones brought from 
Lebanon and this, we think ? will be an important element 
in the representation of our country. We will try to dis- 
play the things which will show r our characteristics and 
our role among all continents. I congratulate the leaders 
of the Fair, and, in my capacity as delegate of Lebanon I 
am happy to say that we are ready to do all we can to 
assure that our efforts are crowned with success. Thank 

much. Our next speaker is a well-known attorney and 
economist and diplomat. He attended the American Uni- 
versity in Beirut, has law degrees from the Schools of Law 
of the Syrian University at Damascus and St. Joseph's Uni- 
versity in Beirut. Later he took a post-graduate course in 
economics at the University of Paris and practiced law 
in Beirut before being appointed First Secretary and later 
Counselor of the Embassy of Lebanon in Washington. 
I have the high honor to present the personal represen- 
tative of the Ambassador of Lebanon, and Deputy Chief 
of the Mission of Lebanon to the United States, Mr, 
Souheil Chammas. 

MR. SOUHEIL CHAMMAS: Thank you, Ambas- 
sador Patterson. President Moses, Governor Poletti, 
friends of Lebanon, ladies and gentlemen. It's both a 

privilege and an honor for me to represent today, at the 
groundbreaking ceremonies for the Pavilion of Lebanon, 
His Excellency, Ibrahim Hussein El-Ahdab, the Ambas- 
sador of Lebanon to the United States. I hope that in 
replacing him I shall not fail him. 

The participation of Lebanon in the New York World's 
Fair is very meaningful to Lebanon. It is very meaning- 
ful for multiple reasons. First, the theme of the Fair — 
Peace through Understanding — has much meaning in 
Lebanon and is deeply rooted in the Lebanese people, tra- 
ditionally a peaceful people. A tremendous Fair like this 
one and one possessed of such a theme and the aim of 
achieving such a worthwhile ultimate objective is worth 
participating in, and I think it's a privilege for all coun- 
tries — of course I cannot speak for all of them, I speak 
only for my own — it's a privilege for Lebanon to par- 
ticipate in this Fair. 

The second reason is that, no doubt, the New York 
World's Fair will be a meeting center for the various civi- 
lizations of the world, a meeting point of their accom- 
plishments, of their contributions — a meeting of the 
minds of the people, of their determination to under- 
stand each other, and to try to communicate with each 
other in all ways possible. And I don't think there is 
any better or more suitable way to accomplish this than 
by participation in the New York World's Fair. 

Third, this Fair is being held in the City of New York 
in the United States of America, a country which believes 
in democracy, freedom and human dignity. Lebanon, my 
country, small as it is, is a democratic republic; it is very 

proud of its independence and of its accomplishments. 
It is very tolerant and it is very free. 

In Lebanon we are proud to note that we have no less 
than fourteen denominations living together peacefully, 
contributing all their efforts to the progress of the country. 
One Lebanese is distinguished from his fellow Lebanese 
by the manner in which he best contributes to the welfare 
of his country. We don't discriminate between Lebanese 
citizens, whether they be Moslems, Christians, Jews, or 
otherwise. This third common link, of course, prompted 
us to participate in the New York World's Fair. 

I'm not here to speak of our past contributions, but I 
have heard President Moses and Governor Poletti state, 
so well and so truthfully, how small Lebanon is. Yet, 
small as it is, it is the country whose ancestors have 
given to the world the alphabet, the cornerstone of human 
civilization. It is the country, the first country in the 
Middle East, that used printing as a means of communi- 
cating ideas to the various peoples of the area. It is a 
country whose people are the descendants of those who 
believed in going to the world outside, of going to other 
peoples, of trading with the world without colonizing it. 
And in this respect, we have another point where we meet 
with the United States of America. The fact that we have 
a free economy built on free enterprise, the fact that the 
Lebanese is individualistic, but at the same time an orderly 
individual, makes him somewhat like the American citi- 

I'm not going to take much more of your time. I wish 
only to state, in the name of my Ambassador and in the 

name of the Lebanese Government, that it is a privilege 
to be able to participate in the New York World's Fair. 
We do thank, wholeheartedly, President Moses, Gover- 
nor Poletti and all the others who have contributed in 
making our participation possible. And I do not want 
to miss the occasion to mention in particular two good 
friends of mine, who have been very patient with us, 
especially in choosing the site for our pavilion: Hugh 
Auchincloss and Lionel Harris. I thank you. 

Shown above are (left to right): M. Khalil Makkawi, Deputy 
Permanent Representative of Lebanon to the U.N.; Mr. Robert 
Moses; Governor Poletti; Miss Souad Tabbara, Attache at the 
Permanent Mission of Lebanon to the LLNL; M. Souheil Cham- 
mas, Deputy Chief of Mission of Lebanon; and, in the cab of 
the bulldozer, Consul General Nabih Noussair. 



HIS EXCELLENCY IBRAHIM HUSSEIN EL-AHDAB, Ambassador of Lebanon to the United States 

MR. SOUHEIL CHAMMAS, Counselor, Embassy of Lebanon 

MR. KHALI L MAKKAWI, Deputy Permanent Representative of Lebanon to the United Nations 

THE HONORABLE NABIH NOUSSAIR, Consul General of Lebanon in New York and Chairman of the Commission to the World's Fair 

MESSRS. ASSEM A. SALAAM and PIERRE EL-KHOURY, Architects-Designers, Beirut 

MESSRS. JUSTIN HENSHELL and EDWIN A. WEED, Associate Architects, New York 

GfLLES and COTTING, Genera/ Contractors 


Flushing, N, Y. 11380 

iM^fcmw fnwiM by OJSSJ WnJW sun itm 

ROBERT MOSES, President 

THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee 

WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President 

CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits 

STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations 

WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations 

ERWIN WITT, CompfroJfer 

MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section 

GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section 

ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretary of the Corporation and 
Assistant to the President 

WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer