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The Philippine Pavilion 

APRIL 24, 1963 

Excerpts from transcription of remarks by 
Philippine and World's Fair officials at Phil- 
ippine Pavilion groundbreaking ceremonies. 
New York World's Fair, Wednesday, April 
24, 1963. 

tocol]: Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen. The 
bond of friendship that has existed between our country 
and the Philippines is a strong one, and no event of such 
magnitude as this World's Fair would be complete with- 
out the participation of this staunch and devoted friend 
and ally. Our first speaker is the dynamic vice president 
of the New York World's Fair, in charge of International 
Affairs, Governor Charles Poletti. 

bassador Patterson. Mr. Vice President, Ambassador 
Mutuc, Mr. Consul General, ladies and gentlemen. Of 
all the countries that Mrs. Poletti and I have visited. 

nowhere did we encounter more cordiality than in the 

This is a moment of joy and jubilation and we are 
delighted that we will have not only Philippine participa- 
tion, but a demonstration of its dynamic growth. I am 
sure that the millions of people who will come to this 
Fair will profit by learning all about the people of the 
Philippines, and about the tremendous future that lies 
ahead for the sturdy people of those islands. Thank you. 

RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Governor Po- 
letti. Our next speaker is the distinguished Commissioner 
General of the Philippines to the New York World's 
Fair, Mr. Domingo Arcega. 

MR. DOMINGO ARCEGA: Ambassador Patterson, 
Mr. Moses, Governor Poletti, Vice President Pelaez, Am- 
bassador Mutuc, Consul General Umayam, fellow coun- 
trymen, ladies and gentlemen. On this historic occasion 
allow me first the privilege of reading to you the message 
of our Secretary of the Department of Commerce and 
Industry, "I join the Filipino people in celebrating the 
groundbreaking ceremony for the Philippine Pavilion in 
the New York World's Fair 1964-1965. Philippine par- 

Cover: Architect Otilio Arellano's rendering of the Philippine Pavilion, showing its proximity to the Unisphere.' 

1963 New York World's Fait 1964-1965 Corporation 

ticipation in this international Fair is designed not only to 
promote social and economic interest, it is a manifestation 
of a burning desire to make common cause with other 
nations of the world in bringing about lasting peace for 
all mankind. 

'The Philippine Pavilion will not merely be a structure 
of wood and concrete. Above all, it will symbolize the 
efforts of a courageous people to face the mighty chal- 
lenge of a great age. It will stand as a repository of the 
nation's work and culture, for all the world to see, and 
use in the cause of peace. 

"On this occasion I hope that all segments of our 
population will contribute their share in making Philip- 
pine participation in this World's Fair a great success. 
— signed. Run no G. Hechanova." 

Seventeen years ago several thousands of my countrymen 
and I watched with misty eyes as the Philippine flag was 
raised to replace the American flag in proclamation of our 
independence and the emergence of the Philippines as a 
separate nation. After the bitterness of that last global 
conflict, after losing lives and shedding blood in the 
lonely bastions of Bataan and Corregidor, we acknowl- 
edged the resounding ovation of the democratic world. 
The world took notice of our country and our people as 
defenders of democracy and lovers of peace. 

Giving the official signal to break ground for the Philippine 
Pavilion: (Left to right) Robert Moses, Fair president, Amelito 
Mutuc, Philippines Ambassador, Emanuel Pelaez, Vice Presi- 
dent of the Philippines, Governor Charles Poletti, vice presi- 
dent of the Fair's International Affairs and Exhibits, Bartolome 
Umayam, Minister and Consul General of the Philippines and 
Domingo Arcega, Commissioner General of Philippine Par- 
ticipation at the Fair. 

When peace was restored, victorious and defeated 
nations alike moved with ambition and determination to 
gain what they had lost. In the rush of rehabilitation and 
progress, a young nation such as ours was lost again in 
the turmoil of industrial and ideological warfare. But 
over and above this cold war, we have a strong conviction 
that God has given us our beloved land to preserve and 
to love, that we as a people deserve a rightful place under 
the sun, and that young as we are, we are competent and 
capable of staying among the brotherhood of nations. 

As we break ground to begin construction of the Philip- 
pine Pavilion, we convey to all of you who are here, and 
to the rest of the world, that on this site will rise a true 
symbol of democracy, an image of a God-loving people 
who will fight and die for freedom and universal peace. 

In conclusion, permit me to have the honor and distinct 
privilege to read the message of our beloved President of 
the Republic of the Philippines: "The New York World's 
Fair will serve as an effective instrument in forging closer 
ties of friendship among the peoples of the world. This 
can be gathered from thetheme of this Fair, Peace through 
Understanding. Those who participate in this Fair will 
enable others to learn about the ways of life and the basic- 
ideas of the peoples of these countries. I thus consider 
it an honor to take part in this World's Fair and to be 

able to make a contribution to peace, by enabling others 
to learn about the Filipino way of life. Signed Diosdado 
Macapagal, President of the Philippines." 

RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Mr. Commis- 
sioner General. I'd like to read to you a telegram 
addressed to the Honorable Robert Moses: "I regret that 
previous commitments with American state universities 
prevent my participating in the groundbreaking for our 
Philippine Pavilion. The president of the Philippines 
deserves the highest praise for his decision to have our 
country adequately represented in this World's Fair. New 
York City, very properly, is holding an event that will 
be a valuable contribution to world peace. Tor us in the 
Philippines, it will give us an opportunity to project to 
the world our maturing democracy and our achievements. 
Asa people dedicated to the democratic way of life, please 
accept my best wishes for the success of the Fair, which 
under your leadership, Mr. Moses, I have no doubt will 
be another milestone in the history of this incomparable 
city. Signed: Carlos P. Romulo, president of the Univer- 
sity of the Philippines." 

Now ladies and gentlemen, I should like to present 
tor a bow a very distinguished Philippine scholar and 
diplomat. His knowledge of America, gained through his 
diplomatic work in this country, justly qualifies him for 

the important position he now holds. He is the Consul 
General of the Philippines in New York City, the Honor- 
able Bartolome Umayam. 

Our next speaker is an eminent lawyer and brilliant 
diplomat, who received his law degree at Harvard Uni- 
versity. He has held innumerable posts of high distinc- 
tion and until recently held a cabinet post as Executive 
Secretary. I have the honor to present to you the Philip- 
pine Ambassador to the United States, His Excellence, 
Amelito Mutuc. 

singular pleasure for me to participate in this ground- 
breaking ceremony of the Philippine Pavilion at the New 
York World's Fair. 

The concept of world fairs has an international cast 
because it brings together the nations and peoples of the 
globe, enabling them to achieve closer contacts and under- 
standing of one another's culture, progress and achieve- 

This ceremony is much more significant, I feel, because 
this particular World's Fair is the result of the collective- 
endeavor and thinking of private citizens. It discloses what 
every individual can do to promote the brotherhood of 

Our participation, in material terms, is both modest and 
humble. Let me assure you, however, that with it goes the 
wish of my country and people to show the salient points 
of their past, their heritage, and their progress. With it 
goes the desire of our people, under the leadership of 
President Diosdado Macapagal, to help foster world peace 
and brotherhood amoni; men. 

The Philippines profoundly believes in making its con- 
tribution, no matter how small, toward hastening the 
emergence of peace and understanding in our time. 

RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Mr. Ambassa- 
dor. Our next speaker is a renowned scholar and an out- 
standing diplomat. A former professor of law at various 
leading universities, he was on the Philippine delegation 
to the Afro-Asian Conference in Indonesia in 1956. He 
was acting chairman of his country's delegation to the 
United Nations General Assembly in 1957. Permit me to 
introduce the Vice President of the Philippines, and con- 
currently Secretary for Foreign Affairs, his Excellency 
Emanuel Pelac2. 

Moses, my fellow Vice President Governor Poletti, Am- 
bassador Patterson, Ambassador Mutuc, Consul Umayam, 
Mr. Arcega, ladies and gentlemen. Next spring peoples 

from all over the world will come here to witness the 
latest achievements of man on a shrinking globe and an 
expanding universe, to borrow a phrase used in this Fair's 
brochures. We shall realize once more what we so often 
forget that it is only man — with his ideas, his inventions, 
his discoveries, his achievements, his manipulation of 
natute — who can create peace, and thereby bring human 
development into full and fine flower. But this is a 
gigantic task in which all nations of the earth must par- 
ticipate. For the variety and range of man's creation is 
indeed infinite. 

As we lay the cornerstone of the Philippine Pavilion 
this afternoon, we would like to take cognizance of the 
modest but active growth the Philippines has played and 
will continue to play in world peace, and of her contribu- 
tions to world culture. In this pavilion we hope to show 
the latest achievements and directions of Philippine 
talent and genius. The present day position of the Philip- 
pines is, if I may say so, particularly interesting in terms 
of world peace. We are a medium-sized country, well on 
its way to national development. We are an agricultural 
nation trying to achieve the maximum of industrialization. 
We are bringing into play our enterprise, our vigor and 
our imagination. I think we have proven that given the 
opportunity, a free people can transform their country. 

However in our desire for greater organization, for tech- 
nology, specialization and modernization, we hope that 
we shall not lose those qualities which we have always 
had, which have always made life gracious for us, such 
as delicacy, gaiety, charm, spontaneity, hospitality, 

We are deeply grateful to the authorities of New York 
City and to the authorities managing this Fair for making 
it possible for us to project in a modest way the image of 
our country, not only to the American people but to the 
peoples of the earth who will participate in this Fair. 
We would like to say that we realize the tremendous 
importance of this Fair, not only in terms of commerce, 
of trade or industry, but even more in terms of inter- 
national understanding. We shall do our modest bit to 
help reach that goal. 

RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Mr. Vice Presi- 
dent Pelaez. I now present the president of the New York 
World's Fair, the Honorable Robert Moses. 

ROBERT MOSES: We have a pretty good record, 1 
think, in the Philippines. We are not a colonial nation. 
I think our friends here will agree that we have sent our 
very best talent to the Philippines from the very begin- 
ning, since the Spanish-American War, to help them 

establish a free nation of their own. Now that isn't a 
small thing. I notice that it is in the temper of the times, 
and you hear it very often in the United Nations and 
in diplomatic circles, to pretend that it's an easy thing 
to set up a new republic. It isn't. It's a very difficult thing. 
It all depends upon the kind of people who are run- 
ning the show. In the Philippines, they've had some real 
statesmen. They've been in existence long enough, as a 
Republic, to persuade the world that they are there for 
good. They have succeeded in establishing something 
which is much more than a dream. They are our firmest 
and best advocates and friends in the Far East. For that 
and many other reasons, we are simply delighted to have 
them here. Thank you. 

Domingo Arcega, Commissioner General of Philippine Par- 
ticipation at the World's Fair, presents Robert Moses, Fair 
president, with a souvenir of Philippine craftsmanship. Be- 
tween them looking on, from left to right, Emanuel Pelaez, 
Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines and Dr. 
George H. Bennett of the Fair. At right, Amelito Mutuc, 
Philippines Ambassador to the United States. 


DOMINGO ARCEGA, Commissioner Genera/ 

Flushing 52, N. Y. Tel. 212-WF 4-1964 

ROBERT MOSES, President 

THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee 

WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President 

CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits 

STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations 

WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations 

ERWIN WITT, Comptroller 

MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section 

GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section 

ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of trie Corporation and 
Assistant to the President 

WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer