GROUNDBREAKING AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965
The Philippine Pavilion
APRIL 24, 1963
Excerpts from transcription of remarks by
Philippine and World's Fair officials at Phil-
ippine Pavilion groundbreaking ceremonies.
New York World's Fair, Wednesday, April
RICHARD C. PATTERSON, JR. [Chief of Pro-
tocol]: Distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen. The
bond of friendship that has existed between our country
and the Philippines is a strong one, and no event of such
magnitude as this World's Fair would be complete with-
out the participation of this staunch and devoted friend
and ally. Our first speaker is the dynamic vice president
of the New York World's Fair, in charge of International
Affairs, Governor Charles Poletti.
GOVERNOR CHARLES POLETTI: Thank you Am-
bassador Patterson. Mr. Vice President, Ambassador
Mutuc, Mr. Consul General, ladies and gentlemen. Of
all the countries that Mrs. Poletti and I have visited.
nowhere did we encounter more cordiality than in the
This is a moment of joy and jubilation and we are
delighted that we will have not only Philippine participa-
tion, but a demonstration of its dynamic growth. I am
sure that the millions of people who will come to this
Fair will profit by learning all about the people of the
Philippines, and about the tremendous future that lies
ahead for the sturdy people of those islands. Thank you.
RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Governor Po-
letti. Our next speaker is the distinguished Commissioner
General of the Philippines to the New York World's
Fair, Mr. Domingo Arcega.
MR. DOMINGO ARCEGA: Ambassador Patterson,
Mr. Moses, Governor Poletti, Vice President Pelaez, Am-
bassador Mutuc, Consul General Umayam, fellow coun-
trymen, ladies and gentlemen. On this historic occasion
allow me first the privilege of reading to you the message
of our Secretary of the Department of Commerce and
Industry, "I join the Filipino people in celebrating the
groundbreaking ceremony for the Philippine Pavilion in
the New York World's Fair 1964-1965. Philippine par-
Cover: Architect Otilio Arellano's rendering of the Philippine Pavilion, showing its proximity to the Unisphere.'
1963 New York World's Fait 1964-1965 Corporation
ticipation in this international Fair is designed not only to
promote social and economic interest, it is a manifestation
of a burning desire to make common cause with other
nations of the world in bringing about lasting peace for
'The Philippine Pavilion will not merely be a structure
of wood and concrete. Above all, it will symbolize the
efforts of a courageous people to face the mighty chal-
lenge of a great age. It will stand as a repository of the
nation's work and culture, for all the world to see, and
use in the cause of peace.
"On this occasion I hope that all segments of our
population will contribute their share in making Philip-
pine participation in this World's Fair a great success.
— signed. Run no G. Hechanova."
Seventeen years ago several thousands of my countrymen
and I watched with misty eyes as the Philippine flag was
raised to replace the American flag in proclamation of our
independence and the emergence of the Philippines as a
separate nation. After the bitterness of that last global
conflict, after losing lives and shedding blood in the
lonely bastions of Bataan and Corregidor, we acknowl-
edged the resounding ovation of the democratic world.
The world took notice of our country and our people as
defenders of democracy and lovers of peace.
Giving the official signal to break ground for the Philippine
Pavilion: (Left to right) Robert Moses, Fair president, Amelito
Mutuc, Philippines Ambassador, Emanuel Pelaez, Vice Presi-
dent of the Philippines, Governor Charles Poletti, vice presi-
dent of the Fair's International Affairs and Exhibits, Bartolome
Umayam, Minister and Consul General of the Philippines and
Domingo Arcega, Commissioner General of Philippine Par-
ticipation at the Fair.
When peace was restored, victorious and defeated
nations alike moved with ambition and determination to
gain what they had lost. In the rush of rehabilitation and
progress, a young nation such as ours was lost again in
the turmoil of industrial and ideological warfare. But
over and above this cold war, we have a strong conviction
that God has given us our beloved land to preserve and
to love, that we as a people deserve a rightful place under
the sun, and that young as we are, we are competent and
capable of staying among the brotherhood of nations.
As we break ground to begin construction of the Philip-
pine Pavilion, we convey to all of you who are here, and
to the rest of the world, that on this site will rise a true
symbol of democracy, an image of a God-loving people
who will fight and die for freedom and universal peace.
In conclusion, permit me to have the honor and distinct
privilege to read the message of our beloved President of
the Republic of the Philippines: "The New York World's
Fair will serve as an effective instrument in forging closer
ties of friendship among the peoples of the world. This
can be gathered from thetheme of this Fair, Peace through
Understanding. Those who participate in this Fair will
enable others to learn about the ways of life and the basic-
ideas of the peoples of these countries. I thus consider
it an honor to take part in this World's Fair and to be
able to make a contribution to peace, by enabling others
to learn about the Filipino way of life. Signed Diosdado
Macapagal, President of the Philippines."
RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Mr. Commis-
sioner General. I'd like to read to you a telegram
addressed to the Honorable Robert Moses: "I regret that
previous commitments with American state universities
prevent my participating in the groundbreaking for our
Philippine Pavilion. The president of the Philippines
deserves the highest praise for his decision to have our
country adequately represented in this World's Fair. New
York City, very properly, is holding an event that will
be a valuable contribution to world peace. Tor us in the
Philippines, it will give us an opportunity to project to
the world our maturing democracy and our achievements.
Asa people dedicated to the democratic way of life, please
accept my best wishes for the success of the Fair, which
under your leadership, Mr. Moses, I have no doubt will
be another milestone in the history of this incomparable
city. Signed: Carlos P. Romulo, president of the Univer-
sity of the Philippines."
Now ladies and gentlemen, I should like to present
tor a bow a very distinguished Philippine scholar and
diplomat. His knowledge of America, gained through his
diplomatic work in this country, justly qualifies him for
the important position he now holds. He is the Consul
General of the Philippines in New York City, the Honor-
able Bartolome Umayam.
Our next speaker is an eminent lawyer and brilliant
diplomat, who received his law degree at Harvard Uni-
versity. He has held innumerable posts of high distinc-
tion and until recently held a cabinet post as Executive
Secretary. I have the honor to present to you the Philip-
pine Ambassador to the United States, His Excellence,
THE HONORABLE AMELITO R. MUTUC: It is a
singular pleasure for me to participate in this ground-
breaking ceremony of the Philippine Pavilion at the New
York World's Fair.
The concept of world fairs has an international cast
because it brings together the nations and peoples of the
globe, enabling them to achieve closer contacts and under-
standing of one another's culture, progress and achieve-
This ceremony is much more significant, I feel, because
this particular World's Fair is the result of the collective-
endeavor and thinking of private citizens. It discloses what
every individual can do to promote the brotherhood of
Our participation, in material terms, is both modest and
humble. Let me assure you, however, that with it goes the
wish of my country and people to show the salient points
of their past, their heritage, and their progress. With it
goes the desire of our people, under the leadership of
President Diosdado Macapagal, to help foster world peace
and brotherhood amoni; men.
The Philippines profoundly believes in making its con-
tribution, no matter how small, toward hastening the
emergence of peace and understanding in our time.
RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Mr. Ambassa-
dor. Our next speaker is a renowned scholar and an out-
standing diplomat. A former professor of law at various
leading universities, he was on the Philippine delegation
to the Afro-Asian Conference in Indonesia in 1956. He
was acting chairman of his country's delegation to the
United Nations General Assembly in 1957. Permit me to
introduce the Vice President of the Philippines, and con-
currently Secretary for Foreign Affairs, his Excellency
HIS EXCELLENCY EMANUEL PFLAEZ: Mr.
Moses, my fellow Vice President Governor Poletti, Am-
bassador Patterson, Ambassador Mutuc, Consul Umayam,
Mr. Arcega, ladies and gentlemen. Next spring peoples
from all over the world will come here to witness the
latest achievements of man on a shrinking globe and an
expanding universe, to borrow a phrase used in this Fair's
brochures. We shall realize once more what we so often
forget that it is only man — with his ideas, his inventions,
his discoveries, his achievements, his manipulation of
natute — who can create peace, and thereby bring human
development into full and fine flower. But this is a
gigantic task in which all nations of the earth must par-
ticipate. For the variety and range of man's creation is
As we lay the cornerstone of the Philippine Pavilion
this afternoon, we would like to take cognizance of the
modest but active growth the Philippines has played and
will continue to play in world peace, and of her contribu-
tions to world culture. In this pavilion we hope to show
the latest achievements and directions of Philippine
talent and genius. The present day position of the Philip-
pines is, if I may say so, particularly interesting in terms
of world peace. We are a medium-sized country, well on
its way to national development. We are an agricultural
nation trying to achieve the maximum of industrialization.
We are bringing into play our enterprise, our vigor and
our imagination. I think we have proven that given the
opportunity, a free people can transform their country.
However in our desire for greater organization, for tech-
nology, specialization and modernization, we hope that
we shall not lose those qualities which we have always
had, which have always made life gracious for us, such
as delicacy, gaiety, charm, spontaneity, hospitality,
We are deeply grateful to the authorities of New York
City and to the authorities managing this Fair for making
it possible for us to project in a modest way the image of
our country, not only to the American people but to the
peoples of the earth who will participate in this Fair.
We would like to say that we realize the tremendous
importance of this Fair, not only in terms of commerce,
of trade or industry, but even more in terms of inter-
national understanding. We shall do our modest bit to
help reach that goal.
RICHARD PATTERSON: Thank you Mr. Vice Presi-
dent Pelaez. I now present the president of the New York
World's Fair, the Honorable Robert Moses.
ROBERT MOSES: We have a pretty good record, 1
think, in the Philippines. We are not a colonial nation.
I think our friends here will agree that we have sent our
very best talent to the Philippines from the very begin-
ning, since the Spanish-American War, to help them
establish a free nation of their own. Now that isn't a
small thing. I notice that it is in the temper of the times,
and you hear it very often in the United Nations and
in diplomatic circles, to pretend that it's an easy thing
to set up a new republic. It isn't. It's a very difficult thing.
It all depends upon the kind of people who are run-
ning the show. In the Philippines, they've had some real
statesmen. They've been in existence long enough, as a
Republic, to persuade the world that they are there for
good. They have succeeded in establishing something
which is much more than a dream. They are our firmest
and best advocates and friends in the Far East. For that
and many other reasons, we are simply delighted to have
them here. Thank you.
Domingo Arcega, Commissioner General of Philippine Par-
ticipation at the World's Fair, presents Robert Moses, Fair
president, with a souvenir of Philippine craftsmanship. Be-
tween them looking on, from left to right, Emanuel Pelaez,
Vice President of the Republic of the Philippines and Dr.
George H. Bennett of the Fair. At right, Amelito Mutuc,
Philippines Ambassador to the United States.
COMMISSION FOR PHILIPPINE PARTICIPATION AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR
DOMINGO ARCEGA, Commissioner Genera/
OTILIO A. ARELLANO, Architect
Flushing 52, N. Y. Tel. 212-WF 4-1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWIN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of trie Corporation and
Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer