pavilion of \x^i
GROUNDBREAKING AT THE NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965
Cover; The dominant theme of the Pavilion
of Spain will be Spain's influence in the dis-
covery, colonization and independence of
America. The pavilion will feature art gal-
leries, fashion shows, concerts, three restau-
rants and a wine cave. Francisco Javier Car-
vajal Ferrer of Madrid is the architect and
Kelly and Gruzen of New York are consulting
Excerpts from transcription of remarks made by
Spanish and World' s Fair officials at the ground-
breaking ceremonies for the Pavilion of Spain.
Hew York. World's Fair. Tuesday. June 18. 1963,
DR. ROBERTO DE MENDOZA [Deputy Chief of
Protocol] : Excellencies, Mr. Commissioner General, Mr.
Moses, Governor Poletti, distinguished guests, ladies and
gentlemen. We are here this morning for a very impor-
tant ceremony — the laying of the cornerstone for the
Pavilion of Spain. This pavilion will bring to Flushing
Meadow the essence of Spain — its history and culture,
its achievements and aspirations, its art and folklore, the
beauty and fascination of its great cities, resorts, hamlets
and countryside, and above all, the happy, gay, stalwart
.spirit of its people.
The first speaker has recently returned with happy
memories of Spain, which he loves and has visited often.
It is my pleasure to present Governor Poletti, vice presi-
dent of International Affairs and Exhibits for the New
York World's Fair.
GOVERNOR CHARLES POLETTI: Mr. Ambassa-
dor, friends. We're getting together for what we believe
196 Foir 1964-1965 Corporation
is a significant purpose: to expand the friendship that we
of the World's Fair have formed with the Ambassador,
the Commissioner General, the Consul General and all
the officials of the Government of Spain , , . to expand that
friendship into the hearts of millions of Americans. We
think it important that the American people, especially
the new generations, learn of the great and unique con-
tributions that Spain has made through the centuries, con-
tributions to the civilization of Europe, to our own, to the
Far East, to the whole world. We trust that this pavilion,
which will be a handsome and attractive and big one, will
give the American people a deeper appreciation of the
tremendous contributions made in the past by Spain, and
an admiration for its people; and more than that, an
appreciation of what Spain has achieved in the past two
decades. Spain has had a stable government, a solid gov-
ernment, a government that has shown great progress,
and we Americans are happy to be associated with the
people of Spain, not only in this World's Fair, but to be
associated with them in achieving our common desires:
justice and peace and friendship throughout the world.
I thank you all for coming here and I know that were
going to have a very successful Pavilion of Spain. I'm
delighted to join you all. Thank you.
DR. DE MENDOZA: Thank you, Governor Poked.
Our next speaker seems to be an extremely young man to
have had such a very active and varied career. A member
of the Spanish Parliament during the last nine years, he
has lectured on international affairs in the Middle and Far
East. He is president and cofounder of the International
Press Club of Spain. He has headed various Spanish
economic and industrial missions to foreign countries. He
has twice been a member of the Spanish delegation to the
United Nations and was Commissioner General for the
Pavilion of Spain at the Brussels Worlds Fair in 1958.
I have the pleasure to present The Honorable Miguel
Garcia De Saez, Commissioner General for the Pavilion
of Spain at the New York Worlds Fair.
THE HONORABLE MIGUEL GARCIA DE SAEZ,
COMMISSIONER GENERAL OF SPAIN: It is a real
pleasure for me to be here today at the cornerstone laying
ceremony for our Spanish Pavilion. I would say that it is
more than a pleasure — it is a proud feeling of a man who
has been given the opportunity to devote all his activities,
his full energy and his enthusiasm to a worthy cause.
Spain could not have missed the World's Fair. We
could not miss it for two important reasons. The first
reason is of a sentimental nature. America is in the heart
of Spain. The feeling is not new, it comes from the days
when Spain had a queen named Isabella, who sold her
jewels, who pledged her own property in order that a
new world be discovered. Thanks to this queen, in 1492
three small Spanish ships bringing wealth and civilization
and culture landed in this wonderful hemisphere. Since
then we have always viewed with joy every great American
achievement which serves as an additional proof of the
magnitude of its people.
This Fair is one more of these achievements — for this
one something connected with 1492 had to come to these
Fairgrounds. I could not think of anything better than to
His Excellency Antonio Garrigues, Ambassador of Spain.
speaking at the ceremonies
for the cornerstone laying
for the Pavilion of Spain.
bring from Spain to this pavilion an historical stone, part
of the colossal monument where the glorious queen is
The second reason is even more important. Everyone
knows how deeply emotions are rooted in our Latin hearts.
In spite of this I say that the second of our reasons to
attend this Fair is more important than the first and it is
so because of the impact that the Fair will have on man-
kind. We could not resist the purpose of the Fair: Peace
through Understanding. I congratulate the leaders of the
Fair who have laid down such an inspiring program. When
we think of the seventy million visitors viewing the most
outstanding developments in every field and epoch of the
nations of the world, we are deeply impressed by the
admirable progress that will be made along the road of
understanding and, perforce, of peace.
We are here today for something more than the mere
laying of a cornerstone for a new pavilion in a new Fair.
Our ceremony is more significant than this. We are here
to pledge our support to the leaders of the New York
World's Fair and to assure them that the Pavilion of
Spain enthusiastically adheres to its purpose and will be
devoted to the great cause of promoting understanding
among the peoples of the world, especially between these
two great peoples, the Spaniards and the Americans.
DR. DE MENDOZA: Thank you, Senor Garcia De
Saez. Our next speaker also recently returned from Spain
with very happy memories. I give you The Honorable
Robert Moses, president of the New York World's Fair
MR. ROBERT MOSES: Ambassador Garrigues, Com-
missioner General De Saez, friends. The Government of
Spain has placed in the hands of exceptionally able, at-
tractive and enthusiastic representatives the task of plan-
ning, building and equipping of a pavilion of surpassing
ingenuity, with superb evidences of Spanish genius, cul-
ture and enterprise. You speak for a civilization which
has placed its seal indelibly upon half the people of this
continent. Here at Flushing Meadow you embrace an op-
portunity to impress the image of the new Spain upon the
whole world. Here you will make a profound impression
of what is at once an old and a new Iberian civilization,
We extend to you from the Fair the sincere hand of friend-
ship and our pledge of fullest cooperation,
DR. DE MENDOZA: Thank you, Mr. Moses. Before
presenting our next speaker I should like to introduce
some prominent and very distinguished Spanish visitors
who are honoring us with their presence today. First, the
architect for the Pavilion of Spain, Serior Francisco Javier
Carvajal Ferrer; Senor Manuel Ortuno, executive director
of the Pavilion of Spain ; Senor Joaquin Gutierrez Cano, a
director of the World Bank; Senor Fernando Escribano,
Commercial Attache of the Spanish Embassy ; el Exceien-
tisimo Senor Jaime de Pinies, Deputy Permanent Repre-
sentative and Charge d' Affaires ad interim to the United
Nations; el Excelentisimo Senor Angel San2-Briz, Consul
General of Spain ; Senor Rafael Heredia, engineer.
Our next speaker is a very distinguished diplomat and
renowned attorney. He is former Assistant Attorney Gen-
^?^o^^^-o^^ About to lay the cornerstone for the Pavilion of Spain are: t^c^c^t^*^^^^-*^^^*^
The Honorable Miguel Garcia De Saez,
Commissioner General of Spain
His Excellency Antonio Garngues,
Ambassador of Spain
Mr. Robert Moses,
President of the Fair
Governor Charles Poletti,
for International Affairs
and Exhibits at the Fair.
era! and during World War II was legal advisor to the
Allied Purchasing Commission in Spain. As a specialist
in international finance he has represented very important
foreign banking and investment firms in Spain. He has
taken a very active and decisive pan in negotiations
between Spain and the Export-Import Bank, the Interna-
tional Finance Corporation and the Agency for Interna-
At the same time he has found time to become a very
well-known author and has written many books and ar-
ticles, published in Spain and abroad, on legal, economic,
political and financial subjects, It is my high honor to
introduce the Ambassador of Spain, His Excellency An-
HIS EXCELLENCY ANTONIO GARRIGUES, AM-
BASSADOR OF SPAIN: President Moses, Governor
Poletti, distinguished guests and ladies and gentlemen.
It is for me a great occasion and a great honor to be here
today with so distinguished a gathering and I thank each
of you most sincerely for being here. It is a most important
occasion for Spain, and your very presence reminds us of
our tremendous responsibility in this Fair.
I want to express and emphasize, on this occasion, the
great friendship between our two countries. We Spaniards
are proud of this friendship and we ask that God grant it
will always remain and that both countries will always
strive for the same goals — to defend our civilization, to
defend our freedom, to defend the values in which both
countries so deeply believe.
I know that you look forward to a great Pavilion of
Spain where a true representation of the very essence of
our country is to be displayed. You are expecting to see
and hear those things for which we are best known : our
works of art, dances which have been handed down from
generation to generation and our vibrant music. These are
the words of the universal language that the people of all
nations understand, and that contribute strongly to a feel-
ing of friendship among countries.
I am sure that you are interested not only in our great
past, but also in our present achievements in the fields
of economics, agriculture, industry, commerce, social se-
curity and all the equally important sectors which will be
on exhibit to show how Spain is keeping pace with the
modern world. This is what you expect to see and I can
assure you that you will not be disappointed.
It is a comforting thing to know that with this great task
before us, we have the magnificent cooperation of Mr.
Moses, the Fair's president, of Governor Poletti and of
every member of the Fair Corporation. The New York
World's Fair presents an excellent opportunity to work
towards peace and good will among men and nations.
Here, through these exhibits, each country can express its
most salient characteristics and make them known to the
millions of visitors who will view them. We pledge our-
selves to do our utmost to make this Fair a success in every
sense of the word. Thank you.
DR, DE MENDOZA: Thank you, Mr. Ambassador.
Ladies and gentlemen, the Ambassador of Spain and Mr.
Moses will now lay the cornerstone for the Pavilion of
THE PAVILION OF SPAIN
HIS EXCELLENCY ANTONIO GARRIGUES, Ambassador of Spam
THE HONORABLE ANGEL SANZ-BRIZ, Consul General of Spain in New York
THE HONORABLE MIGUEL GARCIA DE SAEZ, Commissioner General of the Pavilion of Spain
MR. MANUEL ORTUNO, Executive Director of the Pavilion of Spain
MR. FRANCISCO JAVIER CARVAJAL FERRER, Architect for the Pavilion of Spain
THE PAVILION OF SPAIN
a 78,000 sq. ft. site
l Ml» lr * .
Flushing 52, N. Y,
Tel. 212-WF 4-1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J, DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTl, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM A. BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWJN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretary of the Corporation and Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer