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JUNE 27, 1 963 

Pavilion of the Republic of 



OV^TS The Pavilion of the Republic 
of Sudan will be of contemporary 
Islamic design of reinforced concrete: 
the enclosure of the second 

floor will have a teak lattice of 
Islamic design, and on the facade 

will be a native mosaic. Exhibits 
will include cinema programs, 

native entertainment and publicity 
and information booths. Architects 

for the pavilion are Noel and 
Miller of New York. 

Excerpts from transcription of remarks made 
by Sudanese and World's Fair officials at the 
groundbreaking for the Pavilion of the Republic 
of Sudan at the New York World's Fair, Thurs- 
day, June 27, 1963- 

[Chief of Protocol]: Ladies and gentlemen, I am glad to 
welcome you to this ceremony — in this typical Sudanese 
weather. And by the way, if you haven't been to that won- 
derful country, Governor Poletti tells me that you must 
go because you will see sights that rank among the seven 
wonders of the world. 

We are gathered here this afternoon for a very happy 
and important ceremony: the breaking of ground for the 
Pavilion of the Republic of Sudan, which has been spe- 
cially designed to include both entertainment and educa- 
tion. Our first speaker is a distinguished international 
lawyer and a former governor of the State of New York. 
He and his wife Jean went to the Republic of Sudan and 
personally delivered the invitation of the Fair officials to 

1963 New York Worlds Foir 1964-1965 Corporotion 

the people of Sudan. I now presenc to you the former 
governor of the State of New York, The Honorable 
Charles Poletti. 

International Affairs and Exhibits]: Distinguished Am- 
bassador, Mr. Moses, Ambassador Patterson , and my asso- 
ciate Mr. Harris. This is a moment that gives me an 
enormous thrill. When Mrs. Poletti and I landed in 
Khartoum and presented the official invitation, we could 
hardly envisage the moment that we are experiencing now. 
We are thrilled to have the Republic of Sudan participat- 
ing in this great venture, because we made a strong effort 
to obtain the presence at the Fair of the new nations of 
the vast and significant African continent. We are pleased 
that Sudan is here exemplifying the new nations. As Mr. 
Moses has often said, this World's Eair will not be de- 
voted to a lot of protocol, but we sincerely hope that what 
we do here will develop a better understanding between 
peoples. Speaking for myself as an American, I look for- 
ward to a better understanding between those of us of the 
Christian, Jewish,and Moslem faiths. As Mrs. Poletti and 
I traveled around the world, we became staunch admirers 
of the Moslems. They are a stalwart, sturdy, loyal and 
courageous people, and I think we in the free world are 
lucky to have them on our side. 

I like to think of Sudan as exemplifying the ambition, 
the drive, the progressive spirit of a new people. My mind 
goes back to the visit that we made, Mr. Ambassador, to 
your new development — your Gezira Scheme — where 

I saw all the reclaimed land producing wonderful long 
staple cotton. I was told of your plans for the enlargement 
of your dams, including the Sennar Dam, outside of 
Khartoum. I was deeply impressed by the new factory 
you're building for the manufacture of cotton. Instead of 
having to import cotton you are going to manufacture it 
out of your short staple cotton and export your long staple, 
which means gold reserves for your country. Sudan is a 
progressive country; a country which wants to push for- 
ward and help its people. 

We at the World's Fair are delighted that Sudan will 
be present, and we think that the Sudanese Pavilion will 
add immeasurably to the success of our World's Fair. I 
thank you again for the friendships which we started and 
which will develop with greater and greater richness. 
Thank you very, very much. 

AMBASSADOR PATTERSON : Thank you, Governor 
Poletti. The dynamic, creative genius who runs this Fair, 
which is complex but is going to be the greatest show on 
earth, is Robert Moses. His accomplishments are world- 
renowned and I shall not attempt to tell you of the many, 
many honors he has received from various countries and 
universities. I present The Honorable Robert Moses, 
president of the New York World's Fair. 

MR. ROBERT MOSES: Mr. Patterson, Ambassadors, 
ladies and gentlemen. I can remember, as a very small boy. 
my first trip to Europe with my parents. I have no clear 
recollection of anything except the Diamond Jubilee, and 
subsequently, when I got to school and college, I began 

Participating in the groundbreaking were: (left to right) Governor Poletti, 
vice president in charge of International Affairs and Exhibits at the Fair; 
His Excellency, Omar Abdel Hamid Adeel, Ambassador of the Republic of 
Sudan to the United Nations; Robert Moses, president of the Fair; His Excel- 
lency, Dr. Osman el-Hadari, Ambassador of the Republic of Sudan to the 
United States. 









reading Kipling and I read "The Recessional." What 
Kipling wrote about the British Empire and its morning 
drumbeat going around the world sounded absurd at 
the time but proved to be a very accurate prophecy. The 
substance of what he said in "The Recessional" was that 
they'd better become a little more modest and a little more 
modern and realize that maybe they wouldn't be able to 
hold this thing together. 

Then later, as a very young man, I happened to be in 
Europe, at the funeral of King Edward VII; And back of 
the guncarriage, with the coffin of the King, the riderless 
horse and the ownerless dog, were a whole series of troops, 
kings and queens, and the United States representative, 
Theodore Roosevelt, who was riding with a representative 
of Siam. In the very front row were the new King and the 
Duke of Connaught and Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany. 

I reflect now that out of this entire troop representing 
all those countries and all those monarchs, there are only 
three monarchies left today. These people and their 
families are forgotten. What's the moral? Well, the moral 
is that today there are ambitious new people and new 
nations emerging. Some of them aren't really new — I 
don't know enough about African history to have any idea 
of just what earlier civilizations there were but I know 
there were very well-defined and very distinguished civili- 
zations in what is now the Sudan and the surrounding 
regions long before the United States was heard of. 

The Fair, under the leadership of Governor Poletti, has 
given these new nations an immense amount of time con- 

sidering the numbers of people involved and the amount 
of money that exhibitors are able to spend, because we are 
genuinely interested in their success and we want them to 
put their best foot forward here. We want them to show 
graphically what they are doing and what they are aiming 

That's one of the very great objectives of this Fair. For 
that reason, I am happy as head of the Fair, to welcome 
the representatives of the Sudan. Thank you. 

AMBASSADOR PATTERSON: Thank you, President 
Moses. Before introducing the next speaker I should like 
to present two distinguished members of the visiting 
party. The first is the renowned economist who entered 
the foreign service of his country in 1956, and served as 
Counselor and Minister at the Embassy of the Republic 
of the Sudan in Washington until the end of 196l. He is 
Assistant Undersecretary for Economic Affairs of the 
Sudanese Foreign Office and a Sudanese delegate by elec- 
tion of the United Nations to the Fifth Committee of the 
United Nations. I have great pleasure in presenting 
Mohamad Ahmed. 

MR. MOHAMED A. AHMED: I don't have anything 
to say except to express my deep appreciation of what has 
been said about my country, and I regard myself very 
fortunate at being able to attend this historic ceremony. 

distinguished barrister and diplomat who studied in 
London and had an honorary degree from Ontario. He 
has held many important posts in his government and led 

many of the Sudanese delegations to foreign countries. 
His Excellency, Omar Abdel Hamid Adeel, Ambassador 
to the United Nations and Consul General in New York 
of the Republic of Sudan. 

ADEEL: Thank you very much indeed. I, like my col- 
league Mr. Ahmed, would like to say how grateful we are 
to you for inviting us to participate in this significant 
ceremony, and, Mr. Ambassador, as you know, we have 
here some clear jurisdiction between Ambassador to the 
Uniced States and Ambassador to the United Nations. 
This falls under the jurisdiction of the Ambassador to the 
United States and I am sure he will express the senti- 
ments of the Sudanese. 

much. Our next speaker is a well-known doctor and dis- 
tinguished diplomat, who attended the School of Science 
in Khartoum and the Faculty of Medicine at the Univer- 
sity of Alexandria. He practiced medicine with distinction 
until he was appointed first Ambassador of the Republic 
of the Sudan to Pakistan in 1956. He has been honored 
by his country in many ways. I have the high privilege to 
present to you His Excellency, Dr. Osman el-Hadari, Am- 
bassador of the Republic of the Sudan to the United States. 

Thank you very much, Ambassador Patterson. Mr. Moses, 
Governor Poletti, Ambassador Adeel, distinguished 
guests. I would like to digress a little from the text of my 
remarks this afternoon — because I have been deeply 

couched by the very fine words of Governor Polecti about 
the people of Sudan and the generosity he found there. I'd 
like to thank him from the depth of my hearc; I want to 
assure him that everyone in the Sudan enjoyed Mrs. 
Poletti's and his visit, brief as it was, to our country. And 
I want to assure him that in that brief period he made 
quite a number of friends for his country. I would like to 
assure him also that he will find the same generosity when 
he goes back to the Sudan in the future. I hope it will be 

Ambassador Patterson, I consider it a very great pleas- 
ure and indeed an honor to participate in the ground- 
breaking for the Sudanese Pavilion in the New York 
World's Fair. The decision of my government to take part 
in the Fair, despite our extreme preoccupations at home, 
has been prompted by the dedication of both the govern- 
ment and the people of Sudan to the theme of Peace 
through Understanding which has been adopted by the 
Fair authorities. 

It is our sincere hope that upon completion the Sudan- 
ese Pavilion will be symbolic not only of the culture and 
heritage of the people of the Sudan, not only of their 
remarkable achievements in the economic and social fields 
during the vet)- brief period of our independence, but 
also of the devotion of the Sudan to the principle of 
friendship and understanding between nations. 

The main structure of our pavilion is intended to reflect 
the traditional Sudanese architecture, while the exhibits 
will project three main aspects of the country and the 

people of the Sudan. First, the practical and well-con- 
ceived ten year social and economic development plan 
with special emphasis on social and economic planning in 
selected areas. Second, the known ancient history of the 
Sudan, which dates back as far as 4000 B.C., and also the 
modern history of the country. And third, the way of life 
and culture of the fourteen million Sudanese people. 

The Republic of the Sudan, young as it is, is hopeful 
thac the combined and concerted efforts of the Sudanese 
people and of the government to raise the standard of 
living will be understood and appreciated by all those who 
visit the Fair from all parts of the world. We also hope 
that as a result of our participation in the Fair, new ave- 
nues will be opened for us for greater and more effective 
exchanges in all fields between the Sudan and nations 
around the world. 

I cannot close these remarks without extending our 
special thanks and deep appreciation to our friends in the 
New York World's Fair Corporation for all the kind and 
continuous assistance and advice they have extended us 
since the day we decided to take part in this wonderful 
effort. I trust that the Sudanese Pavilion will be a source 
of pride to us. to the Fair Corporation, to our very able 
architects, Messrs. Noel and Miller, and to our contrac- 
tors, Messrs. Auserehl and Son. Thank you very much. 

Excellency. Now, ladies and gentlemen, the Ambassadors 
accompanied by President Moses and Governor Poletti 
will go to the bulldozer for the groundbreaking ceremony. 



HIS EXCELLENCY DR. OSMAN EL-HADARI, Ambassador of the Republic of the Sudan to the United States 
HIS EXCELLENCY OMAR ABDEL HAMID ADEEL, Ambassador of the Republic of the Sudan to the United Nations 
HIS EXCELLENCY MOHAMAD A. AHMED, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Sudan 
MR. SALAH SALIH, Second Secretary, Embassy of the Republic of Sudan 



will occupy 

a site of 

13.293 sq. ft. 

in the 


19 6 4-1965 
Flushing 52, N. Y. 
Tel. 212-WF 4-1964 

ROBERT MOSES, President 

THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee 

WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President 

CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits 

STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations 

WILLIAM BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations 

ERWIN WITT, Comptroller 

MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section 

GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section 

ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretary or the Corporation and Assistant to the President 

WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer