UNITED STATES PAVILION GROUNDBREAKING CEREMONIES
DECEMBER 14, 1962 / NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965
FOLLOWING IS THE TRANSCRIPTION OF RE-
MARKS BY PRESIDENT KENNEDY, U. S. COMMIS-
SIONER NORMAN K. WINSTON, ROBERT MOSES
AND MAYOR ROBERT F. WAGNER AT OFFICIAL
GROUNDBREAKING CEREMONIES FOR THE
UNITED STATES PAVILION, NEW YORK
WORLD'S FAIR, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1962.
COMMISSIONER NORMAN K. WINSTON
[United States Commissioner for the New York World's
Fair]: Mr. President, Mr. Mayor, Mr. Moses, ladies and
gentlemen. This is an important day for the American
people. We are erecting here more than a building, more
than an exhibition. The Federal Pavilion will be an ex-
pression of the American spirit. It will illustrate the
basic character that has enabled our people to meet past
challenges. And under the dynamic leadership of Presi-
dent Kennedy, it ensures our meeting these problems
which face us now.
As United States Commissioner, let me add that I have
a deep appreciation of our mission here. We are certain
that the monumental structure that is to be raised on this
site and the exhibits it will contain will provide an un-
forgettable experience for millions of people from
all over the world. We hope and expect that the pavil-
ion will effectively and dramatically portray America's
The keystone in this gigantic enterprise is himself a
symbol of a half-century of patient and constructive pub-
lic service. The president of the World's Fair — the
Honorable Robert Moses.
ROBERT MOSES: We are delighted, Mr. President,
that you have come personally to inaugurate the central
exhibit of the World's Fair. And thus again to demon-
strate dramatically your wholehearted support of this
Olympics of Progress and to help us celebrate the 300th
anniversary of a great city which has so long been a haven
of hope and a bastion of freedom to the adventurous and
oppressed of every land.
We are in the midst of giant preparations, which to a
trained eye, represent much more than volcanic disturb-
ance of the landscape and rude interference with travel.
Grover Whalen found long ago that it takes a certain
amount of chaos to make a Fair. Shills as well as shovels
are needed, and I speak for the shovelers.
1963 New York World's Fair 1964-1965 Corporation
U. S. Commissioner Norman K. Winston introduces President Kennedy as New York World's Fair President Robert Moses
and members of the Fair's executive committee look on.
The breaking of ground for this pavilion is no childish
prank. It marks the rising crescendo of construction and
the beginning of order and harmony. Those who do the
building are neither phrasemakers nor amateurs. We
have roamed these United States and literally combed the
globe for pavilions and exhibits which will reflect the
achievements of all men in industry, culture, the arts and
harmless entertainment. We confidently expect more than
seventy million visitors to an unforgettable pageant.
We want you to come again in 1964 to open this
exposition, further emphasizing your leadership in world
affairs, and your confidence in peaceful assembly and
healthy rivalry among the nations. Your presence here
today heartens all of us, toughens our hides, and speeds
our efforts to a dramatic conclusion.
May I, in conclusion, present to you this gold medal-
lion from the directors of the Fair.
COMMISSIONER WINSTON: The next speaker, so
well and favorably known to you all, is the chief execu-
tive of the City of New York. The Honorable Robert F.
ROBERT WAGNER: Mr. President, Mr. Winston,
Mr. Moses, ladies and gentlemen. Today we mark an-
other milestone on the way to the realization of the
promise of the World's Fair. As New York City is the
greatest city in the world, we fondly hope and expect
that this will be the greatest World's Fair ever to be held
any place, under any flag.
We of New York City are going to do all we can to
help make it so, and I know that Bob Moses and his
great team are dedicated to making it so. Today we dedi-
cate the Federal Pavilion, the House of America at this
World's Fair. We are breaking ground for one of the
most meaningful of all of the exhibits which will be fea-
tured at this Fair. It is estimated that more than seventy
million people will pass by here. I trust and hope that all
of these seventy million will visit the Federal Pavilion. We
may hope that of those millions, those from abroad will
be able through this pavilion to understand America bet-
ter, and that those from America will be enabled to under-
stand their own country better.
This Fair will be memorable in the history of this coun-
try. For many people it will doubtless be the best remem-
bered feature of the seventh decade of this century. 1964
will be the 300th anniversary of the yielding of the city
of New Amsterdam to the beseiging forces of the British
Duke of York, and the consequent naming of the City of
New York. In 1964 the World's Fair will mark this 300th
anniversary and this Federal Pavilion will illuminate the
road that America travelled from its beginnings to its
We are proud indeed to have with us on this occasion
the great President of the United States. He honors us
and honors this Fair by joining with us on this occasion.
We salute him today, as the World's Fair will salute him
in 1 964. We of New York City welcome you and through
you, Mr. President, we welcome the Federal exhibit to
the World's Fairgrounds. We hope that you will bring
us luck — the luck of the Kennedys and of the United
States of America. Thank you.
COMMISSIONER WINSTON: Ladies and gentle-
men, the President of the United States.
PRESIDENT KENNEDY: Mr. Mayor, Mr. Winston,
Mr. Moses, Mr. Screvane, gentlemen — I want to express
my great appreciation to all of those of you who have
been connected with this Fair. Mr. Moses, who has been
working so hard to make it a reality ; Mr. Winston, who
has been working on the American exhibit; the Mayor,
who has given it his close sponsorship since it began, and
all of you, particularly those of you who are building it.
This is going to be a chance for us in 1964 to show
seventy million visitors — not only our countrymen
here in the United States, but people from all over the
world — what kind of a people we are. What kind of a
country we have. What our people are like, and what
we have done with our people. And what has gone in the
past, and what is coming in the future.
That is what a world's fair should be about and the
theme of this World's Fair — Peace through Understand-
ing — is most appropriate in these years of the 60's. I
want the people of the world to visit this Fair and all
the various exhibits of our American industrial companies
and the foreign companies, who are most welcome, and
to come to the American exhibit — the exhibit of the
United States — and see what we have accomplished
through a system of freedom.
So we begin today, with this ceremony. We'll begin
again in April of 1964. And we'll show what we have
done in the past, and even more important — what
America is going to be in the future. Thank you.
Attending the briefing session on arterial highway and exhibitor construction progress are Norman K. Winston, U. S. Com-
missioner for the Federal Pavilion, Mayor Robert F. Wagner, President Kennedy, a member of the Presidential party, and
Fair Vice President William Berns. General William Whipple, Jr., chief engineer, briefed the President around a scale model of
the Fairgrounds which shows new highways and exhibit buildings as they will look when the New York World's Fair opens on
Wednesday, April 22, 1964.
UNITED STATES PAVILION AT THE WORLD'S FAIR
NORMAN K. WINSTON, U. S. Commissioner for the U. S. Pavilion
GEORGE J. ROTHWELL, Deputy U. S. Commissioner for the U. S. Pavilion
Robert Moses, president of the Fair,
addresses the crowd gathered at offi-
cial groundbreaking ceremonies for
the United States Pavilion.
NEW YORK WORLD'S FAIR 1964-1965 CORPORATION
Flushing 52, N. Y. Tel. 21 2- WF 4-1964
ROBERT MOSES, President
THOMAS J. DEEGAN, JR., Chairman of the Executive Committee
WILLIAM E. POTTER, Executive Vice President
CHARLES POLETTI, Vice President, International Affairs and Exhibits
STUART CONSTABLE, Vice President, Operations
WILLIAM A. BERNS, Vice President, Communications and Public Relations
ERWIN WITT, Comptroller
MARTIN STONE, Director of Industrial Section
GUY F. TOZZOLI, (Port of New York Authority) Transportation Section
ERNESTINE R. HAIG, Secretory of the Corporation and
Assistant to the President
WILLIAM WHIPPLE, JR., Chief Engineer
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