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Full text of "1965 condensed insecticide recommendations"

U.63U.7 
l*6c 
no. 898 
1965 
cop.S 






f 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2^1 ,v with'fariding from 

University r of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 

AGRICULTURE 






http://www.archive.org/details/1965condensedins1965urba 



- 






©Rear 





7P6l5 Condensed 

Insecticide 

dations 



Insect Control for 
LIVESTOCK AND 
LIVESTOCK BARNS 



Livestock producers must follow a sound program of 
pest control if they are to attain maximum income for 
their farming investment. Flies, lice, mites, ticks, and 
grubs irritate animals and some of them suck their 
blood. This greatly reduces meat, egg, and milk 
production. On occasion, individual animals actually 
have been killed by attacks of large numbers of pests 
like horse flies, lice, and mites. Several of these pests 
can transmit diseases such as anaplasmosis and pink- 
eye from animal to animal. Thus losses from these 
pests each year cost Illinois farmers millions of dollars. 
A livestock producer does not need to share his profits 
with these insects. They can be readily controlled and 
in many cases eradicated. 

In the following charts only the safest, most ef- 
fective insecticides are suggested for each specific 
insect on each type of livestock. Other insecticides that 
may have label approval for use on livestock are not 
included because they are less effective or more toxic 
or present potential residue problems. Blank spaces 
in the table of limitations (back cover) mean that we 
do not recommend the insecticide for that specific pur- 
pose in Illinois. 

In using insecticides read the label carefully and 
follow all instructions. Do not exceed the rates sug- 
gested; observe the interval between application and 
slaughter and apply only to those animals for which 
use has been approved. Keep a record of the insecti- 
cide used, the trade name, the percentage of active in- 
gredients, the dilution, rate of application, and dates 
of application. If you are ever questioned, you have 
the records. 



Most of the insecticides are suggested for use as 
emulsion concentrates since these are the easiest form- 
ulations to handle. However, wettable powders can 
be substituted for emulsion concentrates providing the 
finished spray is agitated. 

The chemical names used in these tables may be 
unfamiliar to you. These names are the common coined 
chemical names and as such are not capitalized. Trade 
names are capitalized. In the table of limitations (back 
cover) the common names are listed first. Should the 
trade name be more commonly used, it is listed in par- 
entheses with the common name. Throughout the 
tables of recommendations on pages 2 and 3, however, 
only the common name is used where there is one. In 
case of question, refer to the table of limitations. 

Recommendations sometimes change during the 
year. These recommendations are printed only once 
each year and are therefore subject to change without 
notification. 

These recommendations were prepared by ento- 
mologists of the University' of Illinois College of 
Agriculture and the Illinois Natural History Survey 
and replace mimeographs NHE 102-104. 

Leaflets describing the life history, biology, and 
habits of some of the insects mentioned can be ob- 
tained from the offices of county farm advisers or by 
writing to 280 Natural Resources Building, Urbana. 
These are indicated by an NHE number in the tables. 

Insecticide recommendations for vegetables (Cir- 
cular 897), for field crops (Circular 899), and for the 
homeowner (Circular 900) can be obtained from the 
above offices or the College of Agriculture, Urbana. 



CIRCULAR 898 UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 
In cooperation with ILLINOIS NATURAL HISTORY SURVEY 



COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE 
Urbana, Illinois, January, 1965 



Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics: University of Illinois, College of Agriculture, and the United States Department of 
Agriculture cooperating. LOUIS B. HOWARD, Director. Acts approved by Congress May 8 and June 30, 1914. 



DAIRY CATTLE, BEEF CATTLE, SWINE, AND SHEEP 

(Refer to table of limitations on back page before using insecticides) 



Insect 





Amount per 100 


Insecticide 


gal. water or as 




directed 


Ciodrin E.C., 4 lb. per gal. 


iHpt. 


3.2 lb. per gal. 


2 pt. 


2 lb. per gal. 


3 pt. 


rotenone 5% W.P. 


2 lb. 



How to apply 



Dairy Cattle Lice (NHE-18) 



1-2 gal. per animal. Spray to satu- 
ration. Make 2 treatments 14 days 
apart. 



rotenone 0.5-1.0% 
in sulfur dust 



6 oz. per animal. Repeat as needed. 



Horn flies 
(NHE-59) 
Stable flies 
(NHE-61) 



Ciodrin 2.0% O. 



dichlorvos 1.0% O. 
pyrethrin 0.1% + 
synergist O. 



1-2 oz. per animal; 2-6 times per 
week. 1 

1-2 oz. per animal daily. 1 



Horse flies pyrethrin 0.5% + 

(NHE-60) synergist O. 

1% pyrethrin + synergist 

E.C. 



10 gal. 



1-2 oz. per animal daily. 1 

1-2 qt. per animal every 3 days. 1 



Face flies 
(NHE-106) 



Ciodrin 2.0% O. 



1-2 oz. per animal, 2-6 times per 
week. 1 



dichlorvos E.C. 



Dilute to 0.2% 
with corn sirup 



1/10 oz. brushed on forehead daily 
in strip 1" wide and 6" long. 



dichlorvos E.C. 



Dilute to 0.5% 
in mixture of 
75% corn sirup 
and 25% water 



Spray 1/5 oz. on head daily. 



Grubs 



rotenone 5% W.P. 



iy 2 lb. + 1-2 lb. 
of detergent 



2 gal. per animal monthly Decem- 
ber through April. 



rotenone 1^% dust 



3 oz. per animal monthly Decem- 
ber through April. Rub vigorously 
over affected areas. 



Beef Cattle 



Lice and mange 

(NHE-18) 



lindane 20% E.C. 
lindane 12.4% E.C. 
malathion 50-57% E.C. 



13^ pt. 1-2 gal. per animal. Spray to satu- 

1 qt. ration. Make 2 applications 14 

3 qt. days apart. 



Horn flies 
(NHE-59) 
Stable flies 
(NHE-61) 



toxaphene 60% E.C. 



5 pt. 



1-2 qt. per animal every 3 weeks. 
Only partially controls stable flies. 1 



Ciodrin 2.0% O. 



1-2 oz. per animal; 2-6 times per 
week from automatic sprayer. 1 



Horse flies 
(NHE-60) 



Use as directed for dairy cattle above. 



Face flies 
(NHE-106) 



Ciodrin 2.0% O. 



As for stable flies. 



toxaphene 5% O. 



Saturate cloth, canvas, or burlap 
head or back oiler at least weekly. 
Also controls horn flies and helps 
prevent buildup of lice in winter. 



Swine 



Grubs 



Mange and lice 



rotenone 5% W.P. 
rotenone 1^% dust 



As for dairy 
cattle 



Two systemic insecticides, Ruelene and coumaphos, provide excellent control of 
grubs and lice. Use only on native beef cattle; apply during September or October. 



lindane 20% E.C. 
lindane 12.4% E.C. 
malathion 50-57% E.C. 



1 qt. 
3 pt. 
3 qt. 



1-2 qt. per animal. Make two ap- 
plications 14 days apart. 



Sheep Ticks, lice, and 

scab (NHE-53) 



DDT 25% E.C. (not for 

scab) 

lindane 20% E.C. 

lindane 12.4% E.C. 



2 gal. 

1 qt. 

3 pt. 



Spray to saturation. With dips use 
Yl strength. 



toxaphene 60% E.C. 



5 qt. 



Spray to saturation. With dips use 
x /2 strength except for scab. 



Note : E.C. = emulsion concentrate, O. = oil solution, W.P. = wettable powder. 
1 Spray head, back, sides, belly, and legs carefully. Start treatments in June. 



ao^.'o CHICKENS, BARNS, AND SHEDS 

(Refer to table of limitations on back page before using insecticides) 



Insect 



Insecticide 



Amount per 100 

gal. water or as 

directed 



How to apply 



Chickens 



Lice(NHE-54) 



coumaphos 25% W.P. 
malathion 50-57% E.C. 



6 oz. per 5 gal. 

water 

10 oz. per 5 gal. 



Apply to roosting areas. 





water 




carbaryl 5% dust 




Apply to litter only, 1 lb. per 40 
sq. ft. 


coumaphos 0.5% dust 




Apply to litter and nests, 1 lb. per 
20 sq. ft. 



malathion 4% dust 



Apply to litter and nests, 1 lb. per 
50 sq. ft. 



Common red 
mites and lice 
(NHE-54) 



carbaryl 80% W.P. 
(not for lice) 



4 oz. per 5 gal. Spray roosts, back walls, side walls, 
water and around nests. 



coumaphos 25% W.P. 
malathion 50-57% E.C. 



6 oz. per 5 gal. 

water 

10 oz. per 5 gal. 

water 



Spray roosts, back walls, side walls, 
and nests. 



Northern fowl 
mites and lice 
(NHE-54) 



carbaryl 5% dust 



Apply to litter, 1 lb. per 40 sq. ft., 
and 1 lb. per 100 male birds. 



coumaphos 0.5% dust 



Apply to litter and nests, 1 lb. per 
20 sq. ft.; 1 lb. per 100 male birds. 



malathion 4% dust 



Apply to litter and nests, 1 lb. per 
50 sq. ft.; 1 lb. per 100 male birds. 



carbaryl 80% W.P. 



4 oz. per 5 gal. Spray birds and roosting areas (1 
water gal. per 100 birds). Use in caged 

laying operations or when litter is 

sparse or wet. 



coumaphos 25% W.P. 
malathion 50-57% E.C. 



3 oz. per 5 gal. Spray birds, nests and roosting 

water areas (1 gal. per 100 birds). Use in 

5 oz. per 5 gal. caged laying operations or when 

water litter is sparse or wet. 



Residual 
Sprays for 
Barns and 
Sheds 



Houseflies 
(NHE-16) 



fenthion 46% E.C. 
(beef barns only) 
fenthion 25% W.P. 
(beef barns only) 



3 gal. Start treatments in June and main- 

tain good sanitation. Apply 2 gal. 

48 lb. per 1000 sq. ft. or to runoff to ceil- 

ings, walls, and support posts, and 
outside around doors and windows. 
Every 4-6 weeks during fly season. 



diazinon 48% E.C. 
diazinon 50% W.P. 



2 gal. 
16 lb. 



Treat every 2-4 weeks during fly 
season. Otherwise apply as for 
fenthion. 



dimethoate 25% E.C. 



4 gal. 



Treat every 4-6 weeks during fly 
season. Otherwise apply as for 
fenthion. 



ronnel 12% E.C. 


8 gal. 


ronnel 24% E.C. 


4 gal. 


ronnel 25% W.P. 


32 lb. 


diazinon E.C. 


Dilute to 0.1% 


trichlorfon E.C. 


mixture in 2 parts 




corn sirup and 1 




part water 



Treat every 1-3 weeks during fly 
season. Otherwise apply as for 
fenthion. 



Baits as 
Supplements 
for Barn 
and Shed 
Sprays 



Apply to favorite fly-roosting areas 
from tank sprayer as needed to 
supplement residual spray treat- 
ment. 



dichlorvos E.C. 
naled E.C. 



Dilute to 0.1%- 
0.5% in 2 parts 
corn sirup and 1 
part water 



Apply as for diazinon and tri- 
chlorfon. 



ronnel E.C. 



Dilute to 2% in 
2 parts corn sirup 
and 1 part water 



Apply as for diazinon and tri- 
chlorfon. 



Dimetilan 4% bands 



Hang 1 band per 75 sq. ft. of area 
from the ceiling or support posts. 
A supplement to residual sprays. 



Note : E.C. = emulsion concentrate, O. = oil solution, W.P. = wettable powder. 



LIMITATIONS FOR RECOMMENDED INSECTICIDES APPLIED TO LIVESTOCK OR IN LIVESTOCK BARNS 

(Blank spaces in the table denote that the material is not recommended for that specific use in Illinois) 



carbaryl (Sevin) 

Ciodrin 

coumaphos (Coral) 

DDT 

diazinon 

dichlorvos (DDVP) (Vapona) . . . 

dimethoate (Cygon) 

Dimetilan 

fenthion (Baytex) 

lindane 

malathion 

naled (Dibrom) 

pyrethrin 

rotenone 

ronnel (Korlan) 

Ruelene 

toxaphene 

trichlorfon (Dipterex) 



Dairy 



Animals Barns 



B 



B 



H, C 
C 
H 
C 



C 



B 
B 



H, 



C 



c 



Beef 



Animals Barns 



B 
D 



G, K 
B 

B 
B 

A 
F, K 



H, C 
C 
H 
C 
H 



C 



H, C 



C 



Swine 



Animals Barns 



H, C 
C 
H 
C 



G, K 
B 



C 



H, C 



C 



Sheep 



Animals Barns 



G 



L 



H, C 
C 
H 
C 



C 



H, 



C 



c 



Chickens 



Birds Barns 



E, I E, I 



I, J I, J 



H, C 
C 
H 
C 



I 
C 



A. Do not apply within 28 days of slaughter. Do not apply more than once. Do not treat after November 1. Do not treat sick 

animals. Give animals free access to water and feed before and after treatment. 

B. No restrictions when used as recommended. 

C. As a bait. Do not apply within reach of animals or in milkrooms. 

D. Do not treat animals less than 4 months old, sick or convalescent animals, or stressed animals. Do not treat for 10 days before or 

after shipping. Do not apply in conjunction with internal medications or with pyrethrins, allethrin, synergist, or other phosphates. 
Do not apply in poorly ventilated areas. 

E. Do not apply within 7 days of slaughter and do not treat nesting material, 

F. Do not apply within 28 days of slaughter. 

G. Do not apply within 30 days of slaughter. 

H. When used as a spray, remove animals before treatment and cover feed and watering troughs. Do not use in milkrooms. 

I. Gather eggs before treatment and do not contaminate feed and water. 

J. Do not apply within 10 days of vaccination or other stress influences. Do not apply more often than once a week. 

K. Do not treat cattle less than 4 months old or pigs before weaning. 

L. As a spray do not apply within 30 days of slaughter, nor within 60 days as a dip. 



FOR YOUR PROTECTION 

Always handle insecticides with respect. Here 
are a few easy rules that if followed will prevent 
most insecticide accidents: 

1. Wear rubber gloves when handling insecticide 
concentrates. 

2. Do not smoke while handling or using insecti- 
cides. 

3. Keep your face turned to one side when opening 
insecticide containers. 

4. Leave unused insecticides in their original con- 
tainers with the labels on them. 

5. Store insecticides out of reach of children, 
irresponsible persons, or animals; store preferably in 
a locked cabinet. 

6. Wash out and bury or burn empty insecticide 
containers. 



7. Do not put the water-supply hose directly into 
the spray tank. 

8. Do not blow out clogged nozzles or spray lines 
with your mouth. 

9. Wash with soap and water exposed parts of 
body and clothes contaminated with insecticide. 

10. Do not leave puddles of spray on impervious 
surfaces. 

11. Do not apply to fish-bearing or other water 
supplies. 

12. Do not apply insecticides, except in an emer- 
gency, to areas with abundant wildlife. 

13. Do not apply insecticides near dug wells or 
cisterns. 

14. Do not spray when weather conditions favor 
drift. 

15. Observe all precautions listed on the label. 

2SM—1-6S— 85040 



UN,VERS,TYOF f LL.NO ( S-URBANA 



Q630.7IL6C 




3 0112 019540977 



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