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Full text of "1987 census of agriculture"

1987 

Census of 
(^Agriculture 



3 



.3_lAil 



AC87-A-8. 



V-olume 1 



GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 
Parts 

Delaware 

state and County Data 



out-ctiSfiTCOTOfROCUivlENTS 



fO^ 



m MAR 20 1939 ' ' 

BOSTO^! PIJSLIO LIBRARY,^ [ 




U.S. Department of Commerce 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 



This report was prepared in the Agriculture Division. Many 
other divisions contributed to this preparation: Data Preparation 
performed the clerical processing; Administrative Services pro- 
vided the forms design and other administrative services; Publi- 
cations Services contributed in publication planning and design, 
editorial review, composition, and printing procurement; Com- 
puter Services provided the computer processing facilities; Field 
provided selected data collection activities; Economic Program- 
ming prepared the computer programs; and Economic Surveys 
assisted in preparation of data collection and processing proce- 
dures and computer programs. 

Members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agriculture 
Statistics and representatives of both public and private 



organizations made significant recommendations which helped 
establish data content. 

Members of various agencies of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture provided valuable advice in the planning, publicizing, 
and processing phases of the census, and in helping farmers and 
ranchers complete the report forms. 

The press, farm magazines, radio and television stations, and 
farm organizations were most helpful in publicizing the census 
and encouraging cooperation of farm and ranch operators. 

Special tribute is paid to the millions of farm and ranch 
operators who furnished the information requested. Only through 
their cooperation was it possible to collect and publish the data in 
this report. 



If you have any questions concerning the statistics in this report, call: 

(301) 763-8555 Division Chief 

(301) 763-8567 Crops Branch 

(301) 763-8569 Livestock Branch 

(301) 763-8566 Farm Economics Branch 

(301) 763-1113 General Information 
(301) 763-8558 Statistical Methodology 



1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 



AC87-A-8 



Volume 1 
GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 

Parts 

Delaware 

state and County Data 



Issued January 1989 






U.S. Department of Commerce 

C. William Verity, Secretary 

Donna F. Tuttle, Deputy Secretary 

Robert Ortner, Under Secretary 

for Economic Affairs 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

C. L. Kincannon, Deputy Director 



Charles A. Waite, Associate Director for 

Economic Programs 

Roger H. Bugenhagen, Assistant Director for 

Economic and Agriculture Censuses 

Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Chief, 
Economic Census Staff 

AGRICULTURE DIVISION 
Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Census of agriculture (1987). Geographic area series. 
1987 census of agriculture. Geographic area series. 

Includes indexes. 

Supt. of Docs, no.: G 3.31/4:987/v.1 

1. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United States- 
Statistics. 2. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United 
States— States— Statistics. 3. Agriculture— Economic 
aspects— United States— Territories and possessions 
—Statistics. I. United States. Bureau of the Census. 
II. Title. 
HD1769.C46 1987 338.1 •0973'021 88-600103 



For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government 
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction VII 

Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 1 



FIGURES 

1. State Map 2 

2. Profile of State's Agriculture: 1987 3 

3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 4 

4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 4 

5. Land Use: 1987 5 

6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 5 

7. Value of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 6 

8. Production Expenses: 1987 6 



TABLES 

CHAPTER 1. State Data 

1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 7 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 9 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 10 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 12 

5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 13 

6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 14 

7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 15 

8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982 16 

9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 16 

10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 17 

11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 18 

12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

1 6. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by 

Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 20 

1 7. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, and Specified Racial 

Groups: 1987 and 1982 21 

18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industhal Classification: 1987 23 

19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 24 

20. Livestock and Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 25 

21. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 25 

22. Broilers and Started Pullets-Sales: 1987 and 1982 26 

23. Poultry- Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 26 

24. Turkeys-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 27 

25. Cattle and Calves -Inventory: 1987 and 1982 27 

26. Cattle and Calves -Sales: 1987 and 1982 28 

27. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 28 

28. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 29 

29. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 29 

30. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 30 

31. Cattle and Calves -Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 30 

32. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 30 

33. Hogs and Pigs-Sales: 1987 and 1982 31 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS III 



34. Hogs and Pigs- Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 31 

35. Hogs and Pigs — Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 31 

36. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 32 

37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Farrowed: 1987 32 

38. Sheep and Lambs- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 32 

39. Sheep and Lambs — Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 33 

40. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 33 

41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products — Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 34 

42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 35 

43. Specified Crops Harvested — Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 35 

44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 36 

45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 

46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1987 and 

1982 37 

47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 38 

48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 40 

49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 50 

50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 60 

51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 80 

52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 100 

53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 120 

CHAPTER 2. County Data 

1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 140 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 and 

1982 141 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 143 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm-Related Income, and 
Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 144 

5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 145 

6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 147 

7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 148 

8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 149 

9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 150 

10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 and 1982 151 

11. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 153 

12. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 155 

13. Sheep and Horses- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 156 

14. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 157 

15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 158 

16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 159 

17. Milk Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 164 

18. Angora Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

19. Mink and Their Pelts- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

20. Colonies of Bees and Honey— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 164 

21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 

22. Miscellaneous Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 165 

23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 165 

24. Grains-Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 166 

25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1987 and 1982 . 167 

26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 168 

27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 170 

28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 173 

29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 175 

30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1987 and 1982 175 

31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 177 

32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1987 and 1982 177 

33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 177 

34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 178 

35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 178 

36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 

IV CONTENTS 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Page 

APPENDIXES 

A. General Explanation A-1 

B. Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program B-1 

C. Statistical Methodology C-1 

D. Report Form and Information Sheet D-1 

Index Index 1 

Publication Program Inside back cover 

'Not published for this State. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS V 



INTRODUCTION 



Page 

HISTORY VII 

USES OF THE CENSUS VII 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED VII 

FARM DEFINITION VII 

COMPARABILITY OF DATA VII 

TABULAR PRESENTATION VII 

ADVANCE REPORTS VIII 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION VIII 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS VIM 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES VIII 

INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES DATA VIM 

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS VIM 



fifth year after 1983 covering the prior year. The 1987 
census includes each State, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the 
Virgin Island of the United States. A census of agriculture 
will be conducted in American Samoa and the Common- 
wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in conjunction with 
the 1990 Census of Population and Housing. 



FARM DEFINITION 



HISTORY 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture is the 23d taken by the 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The 
first agriculture census was taken in 1840 as part of the 
sixth decennial census of population. From 1840 to 1950, 
an agriculture census was taken as part of the decennial 
census. A separate mid-decade census of agriculture was 
conducted in 1925, 1935, and 1945. From 1954 to 1974, a 
census of agriculture was taken for the years ending in 4 
and 9. In 1976, Congress authorized the census of agri- 
culture to be taken for 1978 and 1982 to adjust the data 
reference year so that it coincided with the economic 
censuses covering manufacturing, mining, construction, 
retail trade, wholesale trade, service industries, and selected 
transportation activities. This adjustment in timing estab- 
lished the agriculture census on a 5-year cycle collecting 
data for years ending in 2 and 7. 

USES OF THE CENSUS 

The census of agriculture is the leading source of 
statistics about the Nation's agricultural production and the 
only source of consistent, comparable data at the county. 
State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by 
Congress in developing and changing farm programs and 
for determining the effects of these programs. Many 
national and State programs are designed or allocated on 
the basis of census data, such as funds for extension 
services, research, and soil conservation projects. Private 
industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective 
production and distribution system for the agricultural 
community. 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED 

The census of agriculture is required by law under Title 
13, United States Code, sections 142(a) and 191, which 
directs that a census be taken in 1979, 1983, and in every 



Since 1850, when minimum criteria defining a farm for 
census purposes first were established, the farm definition 
has been changed nine times. The current definition, first 
used for the 1974 census, is any place from which $1,000 
or more of agricultural products were produced and sold or 
normally would have been sold during the census year. 
The farm definition used for the outlying areas varies 
according to area. The report for each area includes a 
discussion of the farm definition. 



COMPARABILITY OF DATA 

Data on acreages and inventories for 1987 and 1982 
are generally comparable. Dollar figures shown for expenses 
and agricultural product sales are expressed in current 
dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation or defla- 
tion. In general, data for censuses since 1974 are not fully 
comparable with data for 1 969 and earlier censuses due to 
changes in the farm definition. 

The 1978 U.S., region, and State data shown in the 
1978 Census of Agriculture publications included data for 
farms on the mail list plus estimates from an area sample 
for farms not on the mail list. For comparability, the 1978 
data in the 1987 publications include only farms on the 
mail list. 



TABULAR PRESENTATION 

State data— Tables 1 through 47 in chapter 1 show 
detailed State-level data usually accompanied by historical 
data for one or more past censuses. Tables 48 through 53 
provide 1987 State data cross-tabulated by various farm 
classifications. 

County data— Chapter 2 presents selected data items 
by county. Tables 1 through 16 include general data for all 
counties. The counties are listed in alphabetical order in 
the column headings. Tables 17 through 36 include only 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INTRODUCTION VII 



counties reporting the data itenn. Counties not having the 
item, or with a limited number of farms reporting the item, 
have data combined and presented as "all other counties." 

ADVANCE REPORTS 

Advance reports of 1987 census data have been pub- 
lished separately for each county with 10 farms or more, 
each State, and the United States. This series provided, at 
the earliest possible date, final data on major data items 
together with comparable final data from the 1982 census. 
Data items are standard across States except information 
on selected crops harvested, which vary by State accord- 
ing to their relative importance in the State. 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION 

The volume 1 data are available on computer tapes and 
compact disc. The advance report data are available on 
computer tapes, computer diskettes, and through elec- 
tronic data services such as the AGRIDATA network, the 
CENDATA package on Dialog, CompuServe on-line ser- 
vices, and the Census Bureau's State Data Center Bulletin 
Board. Computer tapes, diskettes, and compact discs are 
sold by the Customer Services Branch, Data User Services 
Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233 
(telephone (301) 763-4100). 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS 

Custom designed tabulations can be developed to 
individual user specifications on a programming cost reim- 
bursable basis. Inquiries about special tabulations should 
be directed to the Chief, Agriculture Division, Bureau of the 
Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES 

In keeping with the provisions of Title 13, United States 
Code, no data are published that would disclose the 
operations of an individual farm. However, the number of 



farms in a given size category or other classification, such 
as size of farm, is not considered a release of confidential 
information and is provided even though other information 
is withheld. 



INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES 
DATA 



Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and 
equipment are measured as of December 31 of the census 
year. Crop and livestock production, sales, and expense 
data are for the calendar year, except for a few crops (such 
as citrus) for which the production year overlaps the 
calendar year. 



ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS 



The following abbreviations and symbols are used through- 
out the tables: 



Represents zero. 

Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual 
farms. 



(D) 

(IC) 
(NA) 
(S) 

(X) 
(Z) 
cwt 
sqft 



Independent city. 

Not available. 

Withheld because estimate did not meet pub- 
lication standards on the basis of either the 
response rate (associated relative standard 
error) or a consistency review. 

Not applicable. 

Less than half of the unit shown. 

Hundredweight. 

Square feet. 



VIII INTRODUCTION 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 



(Dollar figures are in ( 



) adiustment for price changes. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Landin}arrnVIi;;;";";";iIII--i;i;;iIir"Ii;;-------i;--"-I-I--I--IIIII"--acres.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings^: 

Average per farm - — dollars.. 

Average per acre - — dollars.. 

Farms by size: 

10 to 49 acres — - 

50 to 179 acres 

180 to 499 acres. 

500 to 999 acres ■ 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more — 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres.. 
Irngaled land farms.. 

acres.. 

tvlarket value of agricultural products sold $1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000. 

Grains $1,000., 

Cotton and cottonseed $1.000., 

Tobacco -- $1.000., 

Hay, silage, and field seeds $1,000., 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons $1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries $1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000. 

Other crops $1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products $1,000. 

Dairy products - $1,000. 

Cattle and calves $1,000. 

Hogs and pigs $1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool $1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) $1,000. 

Farms by type of organization; 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) 

Partnership 

Corporation 

Other -cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days worked off farm: 

200 days or more 

Average age of operator years. 

Total farm production expenses' farms. 

$1,000. 

Selected farm production exptnses': 

Livestock and poultry purchased $1,000. 

Feed for livestock and poultry $1,000. 

Commercial fertilizer^ $1,000. 

Agricultural chemicals^ $1,000. 

Petroleum products $1,000. 

Hired farm labor $1,000. 

Interest expense^ $1,000. 

Livestock and poultry inventory: 

Cattle and calves farms. 

number. 
fVlilk cows farms- 
number. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

number. 
Chickens 3 months old or older farms. 

Selected crops harvested: 

Corn for gram or seed farms. 

Wheat for gram farms. 

Barley for gram farms. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres. 
Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small gram. wild, grass silage, green chop, etc, (see 
text) farms. 

Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text) farms 

acres 

'Data are based on a sample of farms, 

'Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications 

•'Data for 1982 do not include imputation tor item nonresponse. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



347 456 
304 075 
16 049 
14 938 
10 055 



16 929 
2 320 
7 984 
7 252 

260 286 
220 963 
15 571 



37 202 
508 
9 993 



33 951 

1 991 

264 971 



DELAWARE 1 



Figure 1 . State Map 



DELAWARE 



PENNSYLVANIA 



U.S. Department of Commerce 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 




2 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figure 2 Profile of state's Agriculture: 1987 



1 to 49 acres i 
50 to 1 79 acres [ 
180 to 499 acres i 
500 to 999 acres ||||||| 5.3 
1,000 to 1,999 acres ||i 3.4 
2,000 acres or more I g 9 



Farms by size 



Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 or more 



Farms by value of 
products sold 



Less than $40,000 

$40,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 



Farms by value of 
land and buildings 



Other I 0.5 
Corporation [ ||||^ q 
Partnership j' ■■""™"': - 
Individual or family \ 



Farms by type of 
organization 



'::j> 



Full owner 

Part owner 

Tenant 



Operators by tenure 



None I 
1 to 99 days I 
100 to 199 days 
200 days or more 
Not reported 



Operators working 
off farm 



Farming 
Other 



Operators by 
principal occupation 



;j 40.2 



30 40 50 

Percent of farms 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



DELAWARE 3 



Figure 3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 



value of sales 



Less than $10,000 



$10,000 to $49,999 



$50,000 to $99,999 



$100,000 to $249,999 — • 



$250,000 to $499,999 



$500,000 or more 





|37.3 


1 0.8 


|l6.6 


■ ^^ 


].. 




1 1 Number of farms 


" 


products sold 


M- 


.™. 


™ 


18.5 


^— ^"^^ 


.^<,--y<i' ' 




, ..'r^^M^*i3»= 


~i .,= 


53 


^1^^^ III ^- 



Figure 4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 





Thousands) 




























5.5 


- 




P^^H $100,000 or more 


50 — 


' 


[ 


iiiiil $40,000 to $99,999 


-=h 




1 $10,000 to $39,999 


1 Less than $10,000 


4.0 




U - - 


^R^^ 








3.5 










3.0 
2.5 








^^^ 

! i ^ ^-'- 




CJO 






U _- . 




















1.5 












— 


1.0 

0.5 
















1959 




1964 




1969 




1974 
Census year 




1978 




1982 




1987 





4 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figures. Land Use: 1987 



Land use 
Total acres = 608,245 



Cropland 



Other land 

4.4% 

Pastureland and 

rangeland 

0.8% 



Woodland 
12.4% 




Other cropland— cover, crops failed, 

and summer fallow 

2.5% 

Cropland idle 

7.4% 

Cropland pastured 

2.0% 



Cropland 
82.4% 



Cropland harvested 

88.1% 




Figure 6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 

(Thousands of acres) 



300 



270 



210 


- 


180 


- 


150 


~ 


120 


- 


90 




60 


- 


30 

n 


- 



Soybeans for 
beans 




Corn for grain 
or seed 



Wheat for 
grain 



Vegetables 



Barley for 
grain 



Hay— all 
types 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



DELAWARE 5 



Figure 7 Value Of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 

State total = $347,456,000 






/yH?^ 



Poultry and poultry products 
87.5% 




i^^^ii^Wi'^i'A 



?d 



Dairy products 
4.6% 



Cattle and calves 

4.3% 



Hogs and pigs 
2.9% 



All other livestock 
0.7% 



"vv V V t>.^-::^f '"f, - '. '-'- -'^r. ^>' 



Figures. Production Expenses: 1987 



Livestock purchased 
Feed purchased 



Fertilizer/ 
Chemicals/Seeds 



Labor— Hired/Contract 



Energy cost 13.6 



Interest expense 14.9 



90 120 

Millions of dollars 



6 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 1 Historical Highliglits: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 

(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms 

Land in farms , 

Average size of f 



Total cropland 

Han/ested cropland. 



Farms by value of sales'*: 

Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $4.999 



$25,000 to $49.9996 .. 
$50,000 to $99.999... 
$100,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more 



Farms by type of 
organization: 
Individual or family (sole 

proprietorship) 

Partnership 



Operators by days \ 





Operators by principal 
occupation': 
Farming 




Average age of operator'. 


...years.. 


Total farm production 
expenses^ 


. $1,000-. 


Selected farm production 




expenses^: 
Livestock and poultry 

purctiased „_ 

Feed for livestock and 

poultry 


. $1.000.. 
. $1.000.. 



Hired farm labor $1,000 

Interest expense' $1,000 

Agricultural cfiemicals^ ... $1,000. 

Livestock and poultry: 
Cattle and calves 
inventory 1 



Beef cows . 
Milk cows.. 



Hogs and pigs inventory.. 
Hogs and pigs sold 



53 522 

187 183 

8 787 



31 191 
216 

2 187 
169 

9 354 



834 287 

1 001 
210 492 139 



370 562 
111 013 

110 276 



140 508 
19 993 
13 435 
17 893 



102 937 
218 310 



15 131 
(NA) 
6 857 



485 727 

2 792 

451 752 



93 526 
156 816 



30 263 

94 366 
14 488 
5 705 
11 802 
(NA) 



3 249 
505 356 

3 052 
422 984 



27 381 
(NA) 
3 078 



12 222 

43 488 

5 755 
3 560 

6 792 
(NA) 
(NA) 



33 040 

770 

54 666 



36 053 

2'j4l 
6 028 
(NA) 
(NA) 


2 299 
49 896 
(NA) 
4 089 
1 727 
23 500 


2 013 
26 337 


38 085 
1 295 
43 328 


2 701 
725 705 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 7 



Table 1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations £ 



Selected crops 

Corn for grain or seed farms. 

acres. 

Wfieat for gram farms. 

bushels. 

Barley for grain farms. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

Vegetables fiarvested for 
sale (see text)" __ 



2 033 

209 977 

5 386 399 



2 136 

172 817 

13 506 396 



1 922 
142 711 
033 995 



2 753 

150 849 

7 771 508 



577 835 


617 917 


659 


762 


15 775 


12 732 




498 442 




2 960 






731 376 


3 246 234 



4 893 

161 682 

5 957 323 



12 062 

368 994 

2 771 



^Data for 1974 and prior years include the value of forest products sold 

"Data for 1982 and prior years exclude abnormal farms 

'Data for 1959 are for $10,000 or more 

SDala lor 1954 are for S25.000 or more 

'Data for 1974 apply only to individual or family operations ( 

«Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications, data for agricultural chemicals exclude 

^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse 

'"Data for 1964 and prior years are for chickens 4 months old or older. 



"Data I 



1974 V 



8 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

jnd symbols, see introductory text] 



Percent ot total i 



Total sales (see text) _ 
Average per farm. 
Value of sales': 









$1,000. 


$2 500 to S4 999 


$1,000. 
farms 


$5 000 to $9 999 


$1,000. 


$10,000 to $19,999 


$1,000. 




$1,000. 


$25 000 to $39 999 


$1,000. 
farms 




$1,000. 


$50 000 to $99 999 


$1.000.. 




$1,000. 


$250 000 to $499 999 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


$1 000 000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 





farms 


Corn for rain 


$1,000. 




$1,000- 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Barley 


$1,000. 
farms 


Oats 


$1,000. 


Other grains^ 


$1,000. 
farms 




$1,000. 
farms 


Tobacco 


$1,000. 



Hay, silage, and field seeds . 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and 



Fruits, nuts, and berries 

Nursery and greenhouse crops.. 
Other crops 



. farms. 
$1,000. 
. farms. 



$1,000. 

'$i,ooo! 

"$1,000^ 



. poultry, and their products . 

Poultry and poultry products 

Dairy products 



Hogs and pigs . 
Sheep, lambs, a 
Other livestock i 



I livestock products (see text). 



46 701 
915 

18 294 

626 

4 438 



'Data for 1982 and 1978 exclude abnormal farms. 
^Data for 1982 and 197B are for $500,000 or more 
^Data for 1982 include barley. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 9 



Tables Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample ol farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 
















1987 


1982 






Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 


farms 


2 965 
(X) 

m 

604 
397 

231 
362 

289 
116 

1 374 
(X) 
(X) 

125 

129 
388 
368 

20 
9 

1 637 
(X) 
(X) 

243 
185 
83 
55 
110 
154 
109 
698 

1 341 
(X) 
(X) 

150 
92 
34 
26 

784 

1 899 
(X) 
(X) 

642 
286 
616 
195 
86 
20 
54 

1 807 
(X) 
(X) 

448 
147 
611 
209 

27 
70 
40 

1 973 

(X) 
(X) 

510 
319 
618 
231 
213 
53 
29 

2 692 

(X) 
(X) 

915 
228 
149 
22 
5 


377 102 
127 184 

1 617 

2 929 

5 996 

7 978 
26 620 

101 691 
98 141 
132 130 

(X) 

53 522 

14,2 

53 
499 
934 

6 531 
12 949 

9 710 

2 707 
20 139 

(X) 

187 183 

49.6 

330 

537 

831 

4 180 

9 631 

9 651 

161 909 

(X) 

180 490 

47.9 

46 
177 
216 
442 

9 032 
166 354 

(X) 

8 667 

2,3 

152 

197 

1 473 

1 321 

1 147 

3 937 

(X) 

15 802 

4,2 

115 

106 

1 419 

1 525 
3 650 

723 

2 669 

2 566 

3 030 

11 l'9^^ 
3,0 

106 
218 

1 540 
3 197 

1 729 

2 937 

8 7'8^] 
2.3 

524 
2 046 

1 555 

2 179 
640 
222 

1 622 


} 
} 

} 

} 

} 

} 

} 
} 

} 

1 


(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1 320 

37 202 

(NA) 

156 
153 
121 

143 

1 642 

140 508 

(NA) 

233 
203 
110 

476 
620 

1 336 
136 947 

(NA) 

128 
94 
204 

2 112 
6 964 

(NA) 

710 
413 
689 
175 

51 

2 191 
19 993 

(NA) 

396 
278 
803 
239 
303 

172 

10 868 
(NA) 

575 
299 
719 
176 

3 322 
13 435 

(NA) 

1 500 


i 

{ 


(NA) 


Average per farm 

Farms with expenses ol- 


$1,000- 
dollars.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 








(NA) 












(NA) 








(NA) 


Livestock and poultry purchased 

Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to S999 

SI 000 to S4 999 


farms-. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 


1 598 

36 283 

(NA) 

307 
288 




212 




791 






$50 000 to $99 999 












Feed lor livestock and poultry 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


1 865 

118 266 

(NA) 




243 




89 






$25 000 to $49 999 










- 






Commercially mixed formula feeds 

Farms with expenses of- 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


1 451 

114 974 

(NA) 

145 






$5,000 to $9.999 


67 
1 073 














Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Farms with expenses ol- 


$1,000- 

percent of total.. 


2 327 
5 600 
(NA) 

943 


$500 to $999 

$1 000 to S4 999 


481 
659 


$5 000 to $9 999 


144 




52 






$25 000 or more 




Commercial fertilizer^ 

Farms with expenses of- 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


2 470 

14 166 

(NA) 




382 


$1 000 to S4 999 


859 


$5 000 to $9 999 


280 




343 










$50 000 to $99 999 








Agncultural chemicals' 

$1 to $499 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


2 534 
(NA) 
947 


$1 000 to $4 999 


777 


$5 000 to $9 999 


18< 
















3 377 


Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to $999 


$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


7 991 
(NA) 

1 866 




1 IOC 




25S 




301^ 
26 i 




$25 000 to S39 999 




$40 000 to $49 999 




S50.000 or more 


- 



Id of table, 

10 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



For meaning of abbreviations i 



I symbols, see introductory tex^ 



Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Eleclncity farms. 

SI, 000. 
percent of total. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $499 ___ 

$500 to $999 - 

$1,000 to $1,999 

$2,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor _ farms. 

$1,000. 
percent of total. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999' 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 to $99,999 _ 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
percent of total. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1,000 to $4'.999';iIimiL;iIIIIIIIIIIl;lIIIIi;lIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIimiI! 

$5,000 to $9,999 _ 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 _.. 

$50,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
percent of total. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999... 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. macfiine tiire. and rental of machinery and equipment^ farms. 

$1,000. 
percent of total. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1,000 to S4',999";!;;"!;;;]]];^I^]^^^]];]I];]^"]"^^]I];"]"]]'""""! 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more ._ 

Interest' farms. 

$1,000. 
percent of total. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 __ - 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Interest paid on debt: 

Secured by real estate 

Not secured by real estate 

$i.aoo: 

percent of total. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $499 

$500 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 _ 

$10,000 to $24,999... 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Property taxes paid farms 

$1,000 
percent of total 
Farms with expenses of— 

SI to S499 

$500 to S999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

S5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table 



2 195 
(X) 
(X) 



2 457 
(X) 



2 244 
4 554 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 11 



Table 3 Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



[Dala are based on a sample of farms, see 


text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, s 


se introductory tex? 










m 


1987 


1982 




Ite 


Farms 


^($f,ooo1 


1978 


Total farm production expenses- Con, 
All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to $999 


farms.. 

$1.000,. 
percent of total.. 


2 813 
(X) 
(X) 

1 148 
1 123 
225 
217 
50 
30 


(X) 

15 758 

4,2 

462 

2 495 
1 540 

3 107 
1 582 
1 945 

4 628 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


$25 000 to $49 999 


(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 







'Data tor 1978 are for $10,000 or more 

^Data tor 1987 include cost ot custom applications; data tor agricultural chemicals exclude the cost of li 
^Data for 1987 exclude cost ot custom applications (or commercial fertilizer and agricultural chemicals 
"Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse 



Table 4 Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 



Item 


All farms 


Farms with sales 
of $10,000 or more 


Farms v»ith sales 
ot less than $10,000 


Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 


2 965 
65 300 
22 023 

1 695 
76 564 
45 171 

129 
247 
195 
432 
355 
337 

1 270 
11 265 
8 870 

537 
231 
181 

57 
31 


1 866 
68 350 
36 629 

1 462 
76 116 
52 063 

33 
125 
180 
432 
355 
337 

404 
7 767 
19 224 

29 
109 

78 
102 

55 
31 


1 099 
-3 050 
-2 775 

233 




$1.000.. 


448 
1 923 


Gam of- 


96 




122 




15 


$10 000 to $24 999 














866 




$1.000.. 


3 498 

4 039 


Loss of- 


204 




428 




153 


$10 000 to $24 999 


79 




2 











'Farms with total production expenses equal to market \ 



■ agricultural products sold £ 



! included as farms with gair 



12 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and J 







All farms 


Farms with sales 


of $10,000 or more 


Item 


Farms 


Value 
($1,0001 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Government payments _ 

Average per farm' __ 

Farms with receipts of- 


1987.. 

....1987.. 


549 
(X) 

58 

98 
122 

34 

478 
493 

757 
(X) 

269 
238 
132 
100 
13 

272 
284 
(X) 
(X) 

52 

73 
29 
8 

(X) 

112 
96 
33 
42 

113 
(X) 

44 
27 
29 
10 

208 

(X) 

161 
24 
9 

3 


13 505 

30 
530 
671 

1 810 

2 863 

3 513 
3 902 

3 998 
5 282 

91 
575 
873 
1 424 
448 
587 

1 514 
1 425 
5 567 
5 018 

26 
285 
492 
427 
283 

1 151 

4 009 

43 
192 
211 
551 
154 

7 767 

21 
89 
192 
128 
448 

456 

2 191 

23 
54 
67 
220 


451 
(X) 

25 
138 

91 
119 

34 

403 
401 

461 
(X) 

173 
136 
73 
63 

5 

178 
237 
(X) 

37 

i 

7 

150 
(X) 

63 
39 
30 
15 
3 

49 
(X) 

21 
2 

10 

156 
(X) 

121 

11 
3 


7 170 
15 898 






S5 000 to $9 999 


623 


SI 000 to $24 999 












Amount received in cash 

Vaiue of cenificates received 

Other farm-related income, gross before taxes and expenses^ 
Average per farm' 

Farms with receipts of- 


1987.. 

1987.. 

1987.. 

1987.. 


3 421 
3 749 

56 








$10,000 to $24 999 


iR! 


$25 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 or more 


Customwork and other agricultural services' 

Average per farm' 

1987 farms with receipts of- 
$1 to $999 


..1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982.. 


1 072 

6 022 
5 718 

iii 




4?] 


$10,000 to $24,999 


$25 000 to $49 999 


(D) 




Rental of farmland 

Average per farm' 

Farms with receipts of- 
$1 to $999 


1987.. 

1987.. 


663 

4 417 

22 


$1 000 to $4 999 


82 




1I9 




664 

13 560 


$25 000 or more 


Sales of forest products and Christmas trees __.. 

Average per farm' 

Farms With receipts of- 


1987.. 

1987.. 


$1 000 to $4 999 




$5 000 to $9 999 








Other farm-related income sources 

Average per farm' 

Farms with receipts ot- 
$1 to $999 


..1987.. 

1987.. 


411 
2 633 




$10 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 or more 


91 







'Data are in wholi 
^Data are based c 
'Data for 1987 an 



I farms with sales of $10,C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 13 



Table 6 Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 



Total - 

Average per tarm^ 

Farms v^itti loans of— 

51,000 to S4~999'.'.'.'".'.'-'-'.~-'.'.'.'. 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 10 $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 - 

$10,000 to $24.999__. ._ 

$25,000 or more 

Wheat 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of— 

$1 to $999 - 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Soybeans 

Average per farm' 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999- - 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Average per farm' 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 - 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Cotton 

Average per farm' 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999. 

$25,000 or more 

Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and hoi 
Average per farm' 

$1,000 to $9.999""'!"!;i;".' 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

'Data are in whole dollars. 



4 256 

29 763 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



14 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Land in farms 

Total cropland 

) cropland . 






to49i 



30 to 49 acres . 

50 to 99 acres ... 
100 to 199 acres. 
200 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 
1 .000 acres or mo 



r pasture or grazing _ 



Cropland used only f 

Ottier cropland 

Cropland in cover crops, legumes, anc 
harvested and not pastured 

Cropland on which all crops failed 

Cropland in cultivated summer fallow . 



Tiprovement grasses, not 



acres, 
acres 
farms, 
farms, 
farms. 
Cropland idle farms. 



Total V 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



acres, 
acres. 



Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured. 
Land in house lots, ponds, ro 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment programs farms., 

acres. 
Conservation reserve program farms., 

acres.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 15 



Table 



Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 
and 1982 



















Farms 


Land in farms 
(acres) 


Harvested cropland 
(acres) 


Imgated land 




1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 


Land in larms 


2 966 

514 
867 
196 
230 
219 

143 

76 
288 
188 

100 
28 
5 

2 172 

122 
564 
164 
201 
203 

136 
112 
74 
285 
184 

28 

5 

384 

32 
78 

24 

19 

73 
62 

39 
18 
5 


3 338 

905 
259 
313 
264 

176 
153 
116 
322 

211 

26 

5 

2 700 

156 
683 
239 

256 

168 
150 

321 
209 

89 
26 

5 

323 

29 

13 
12 
21 

17 
13 
52 
60 

31 
14 


608 245 

25 473 

22 684 

23 433 
18 037 

104 012 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

36 551 

586 313 

670 
14 989 
9 544 

16 543 
23 740 

21 553 

22 424 

17 551 
102 792 
127 567 

131 719 
97 221 
36 551 

210 022 

1 746 
376 

1 150 

2 681 

1 717 

3 814 
1 638 

26 494 

44 545 

53 186 
72 515 
36 551 


655 465 

2 077 
22 580 
14 968 

25 939 
30 680 

27 625 
30 159 
27 734 
114 859 
147 706 

117 982 
93 156 
42 027 

639 490 

829 
17 845 
13 825 
24 133 
29 766 

26 300 
29 593 
26 611 

114 544 
146 256 

116 632 
93 156 
42 027 

175 518 

128 

1 137 
768 
970 

2 408 

2 220 

3 363 
3 176 

19 236 
42 320 

40 498 
59 294 


441 502 

431 
9 176 
6 428 

10 684 
14 990 

14 435 

15 619 

11 778 
77 499 

101 020 

107 904 
71 538 
23 571 

441 502 

431 
9 176 
6 428 

10 684 
14 990 

14 435 

15 619 

11 778 
77 499 

101 020 

107 904 
71 538 
23 571 

166 408 

843 

189 

740 

1 949 

1 270 
3 277 
1 159 
21 023 
35 692 

45 835 
54 358 
23 571 


499 986 

571 
12 009 
9 356 
16 425 
21 139 

19 567 
21 694 
19 464 
90 284 
125 002 

100 514 
63 961 
24 270 

499 986 

571 
12 009 
9 356 
16 425 

21 139 

19 567 

19 464 
90 284 
125 002 

100 514 
63 961 
24 270 

140 247 

66 
637 
453 
679 
1 971 

1 783 

2 630 
2 411 

15 640 
36 274 

36 254 
41 449 

22 536 


60 812 

78 
501 
165 
274 
1 055 

853 

1 558 

196 

7 937 

17 116 

9 443 

60 782 

64 
485 
165 

1 055 

853 
1 558 

196 
7 937 

14 184 

16 895 
9 443 

60 812 

78 
501 
165 
274 
1 055 

853 

1 558 

196 

17 116 

14 184 
16 895 
9 443 


44 168 


1 10 9 acres 


57 




296 






70 to 99 acres 

100 10 139 acres 


1 121 




742 






220 to 259 acres 




260 to 499 acres 


5 506 
14 132 


1 000 10 1 999 acres 


9 013 




10 448 


5.000 acres or more 

Farms with harvested cropland 

Farms by size 


4 386 

44 159 

57 


10 to 49 acres 


321 




382 






140 to 179 acres 


742 




1 121 




1 029 


260 to 499 acres 

500 10 999 acres 


14 132 




9 013 






5.000 acres or more 

Farms with imgated land 

Farms by size: 


44 168 

57 


10 to 49 acres 


296 
321 






1 00 to 139 acres 






742 






220 to 259 acres 




260 to 499 acres 


5 506 




14 132 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 


9 013 


2 000 acres or more 


10 448 


5.000 acres or more 


4 386 



Table 9 Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning oi abbreviations and symbols, see mlroductory text] 



Farms with irngation 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Farms with irrigation 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Farms 

Proportion of farms 


number 

percent 


384 
129 

60 812 
158 

103 

" 78 

; 60 

4 244 

50 

6 850 


323 

97 

44 168 
137 

80 
213 

66 
1 608 

63 
4 784 

56 
7 500 


255 
7.5 

33 725 
132 

76 
211 

1 262 

40 

2 860 

35 
5 000 


Irrigated land-Con 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 acres or more 

Irrigated land use 
Harvested cropland 


.... farms.. 

acres., 
farms 


58 

15 640 

27 

14 287 

375 

60 744 

68 

210 022 
182 703 
166 408 


36 
11 832 

9 976 

5 

8 255 

44 014 
6 

175 518 
143 651 
140 247 


45 

14 082 

7 

4 220 






^r^9^^: 

10 to 49 acres 


acres 
farms 


6 090 

252 

33 429 

(NA) 


50 to 99 acres 


Land in irngated farms 

Cropland 

Harvested cropland 


acres.. 

acres.. 

acres.. 

acres.. 


138 440 
111 036 


acres 





16 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 10 



meaning of abbreviations 



Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 

lis. see introductorv text] 



Ctiaracteristics 



Nonirrigated farms 



Land in farms acres. 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Irrigated land ...acres. 

Land in farms according to use: 
Total cropland farms. 

Harvested cropland farms. 

Pastureland, excluding v^oodland pastured farms 

Land set aside in federal farm programs farms 

acres 
Owned and rented land in farms: 
Owned land in farms farms 

Rented or leased land in farms farms. 

Market value of agricultural products sold $1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000 
Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$ 

Total farm production expenses' $1,000. 

Average per farm ..dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms 

$1,000 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms 

$1,000 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000 
Commercial fertilizer^ farms. 

$1,000. 

Agricultural chemicals^ farms. 

$■ 
Petroleum products farms. 

$ --- 
Electricity __ farms. 

$1,000. 
Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 

Contract labor farms. 

Repairs and maintenance I 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of machinery 
and equipment^ _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Interest^ farms. 

$1,000. 
Cash rent paid for land and buildings farms. 

$1,000. 
Property taxes paid farms. 

$1,000. 
All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 

Commodity Credit Corporation loans farms. 

$1,000. 
Government payments received farms. 

$1,000. 
Other farm-related income' farms. 

$1,000. 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment' farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm ..dollars 

Inventory of livestock: 
Cattle and calves farms 

number 

Hogs and pigs farms 

number 
Sheep and lambs farms 



325 313 
282 932 



2 692 
8 787 
2 195 



5 798 
2 481 
11 739 



11 089 
2 724 
2 591 
2 813 

15 758 



3 338 
655 465 

364 843 



3 322 
13 435 
2 244 



2 606 
1 433 
16 948 



175 518 

944 350 



143 651 

320 

140 247 



230 
3 570 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
193 
7 544 



13 634 
273 545 



2 221 
(0) 



6 022 

15 

2 073 



180 724 
307 246 



2 525 
102 493 
40 591 



'Data are based on a sample of farm 
2Data for 1987 include cost of custor 
'Data for 1987 exclude cost of cuslo 
*Data for 1982 do not include imputa 



I agncultural chemicals. 



I nonresponse 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 17 



Table 11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[Data are based on a sample o) farms; see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tex? 







1987 


1982 




Value ol land and buildings 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


1978 


Estimated market value o( land and buildings 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 

Farms by value group: 
$1 to $39 999 


farms-. 

$1,000__ 
dollars-- 


2 965 

m 

450 
236 
247 

287 

778 
297 
150 


(X) 

1 096 313 

369 751 

1 765 

7 989 
12 472 
20 333 

51 007 
47 780 

233 355 
206 327 
195 787 
209 250 
112 013 


3 338 

1 217 847 

364 843 

1 829 

436 
433 
359 
413 
322 

789 
322 

} 


3 399 
963 934 
283 593 

1 493 

489 










$100 000 to $149 999 


465 


$150 000 to $199 999 


353 










$1 000 000 to $1 999 999 

















Table 12. 

(Data are based 



Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

n a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tex^ 





1987 


1982 


Value of macfiinery and equipment 


Farms 


(Ji.oool 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




2 957 
(X) 

201 
485 
494 
503 
463 

203 
197 
257 
129 
16 
9 


158 043 
53 447 

628 
3 183 
6 500 
11 450 
16 660 

11 155 
15 422 
32 226 
36 828 
9 500 
14 490 


(X) 

757 
643 

472 
209 

226 
136 

} 


153 587 


Vtv'^^r 


626 










$20 000 to $29 999 


10 335 


$30 000 to $49 999 


16 729 


$50,000 to $69,999 - _ 

$70 000 to $99 999 


11 253 
18 287 










$500,000 to $999,999 


16 596 


$1 000 000 or more 







Table 13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

(Data are based on a sample of farms, see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tex^ 





1987 


1982 




Total 


Manufactured 1983 to 1987 


tvlanulactured prior to 1983 


Farms 


Number 


Number 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


manufactured 
1978 10 1982 




974 
396 

2 630 
1 055 
648 
1 637 
1 857 

999 
409 


5 003 
2 219 
2 548 

7 128 

2 553 

3 648 
2 591 

4 537 

1 280 
492 


1 151 
121 
22 

568 
102 
16 
279 

339 

103 

53 
55 


1 424 
261 

155 

787 
235 
102 
303 
484 

56 
57 


2 073 
775 
270 

2 428 

564 
1 430 
1 752 

927 
383 


4 579 
1 800 

1 751 

2 414 

3 071 
2 288 

4 053 

1 161 

418 
435 


2 780 
388 

2 904 
1 387 
712 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1 111 
460 


6 190 
2 281 

2 471 

8 012 

3 278 
3 929 

(NA) 

1 342 

519 

531 






408 
199 






2 or 3 


425 
170 




(NA) 








320 


Cotlonpickers and stnppers - 













'Data for 1982 include self-propelled only. 

18 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



(Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory texfl 












1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 






'1 

2 356 
(X) 
(X) 

449 

305 
94 
25 

1 494 
(X) 
(X) 

600 
228 

275 
110 
59 
15 

93 
(X) 
(X) 

2 
30 
29 
12 
10 

6 

1 873 
(X) 
(X) 

643 
757 
201 
120 
97 
40 
15 


(X) 
8 787 
3 264 

(X) 
3 226 

1 369 

626 
316 
412 

(X) 
3 905 

2 614 

133 
148 
266 
860 
745 
820 
935 

3 559 

?l 
16 
33 
38 
220 

1 3?^ 
708 

131 
158 
270 
257 
302 


3 322 

13 435 

4 044 

3 062 

5 192 
1 696 

1 228 
482 
635 
495 

1 755 
5 019 

2 860 

524 
358 
330 
249 
181 
> 

27 

79 

2 937 

6 
12 
2 

1 
5 

} 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 




Average per farm __ 

Gasoline and gasohol 


$1,000.. 
dollars.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 

rinllar!! 


7 991 

2 366 

3 176 
3 625 


Farms with expenses of- 




$500 to $999 


770 


$1 COO to $1 999 


425 










$10 000 to $24 999 


34 




Diesel fuel 

Average per farm 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $499 

$500 to $999 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
dollars.. 


1 538 

2 209 
1 436 

691 
297 


$1 000 to $1 999 


205 










$10 000 to $24 999 


30 


$25 000 or more 


Natural gas 

Average per farm 

Farms v»ith expenses of- 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
dollars.. 


28 

848 


$100 to $499 


19 


$500 to $999 


2 










$5 000 to $9 999 












Average per farm 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $99 


$1,000.. 
...dollars.. 


2 130 
(NA) 

(NA) 






$500 to $999 


(NA) 








(NA) 


$5 000 to $9 999 


NA 











Table 15 Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, 



and 1978 



For meaning of abbreviations : 



Any chemicals, fertilizer, or IJme 



2 761 
2 470 



arms by tons used: 

1 to 49 tons 

50 to 99 tons 



Ctiemicals used for defoliation 
or for growth control of crops 

or thinning of fruit farms_. 

acres on which used.. 



186 476 

118 

16 925 



! cost of custom applications; 



I for agricultural chemicals < 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 19 



Table 16. 



[For meaning of 



Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms 
and Farms Operated by Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



Characteristics 



Farms operated by Black and < 



Tenure or operator: 



Harvested cropland 


acres.. 


Harvested cropland 

Part owners 


acres.. 

farms.. 

acres. . 


Han/ested cropland 


acres.- 
farms.. 

farms 


Harvested cropland 


acres.. 
farms.. 


Operators by place of residence: 






Operators by principal occupation: 


Other 


Operators by days of work off farm: 


Any 










200 days or more 








5 to 9 Jears 








Operators by age group: 
Under 25 years 


25 to 34 years 




45 to 49 years .....L... ....:.:...-:..:: 






60 to 64 years 








Operators by sex: 






acres.. 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



Partnership ... 

Corporation .__ 

Family held 



; stockholders . 



) or less stockholders . 



2 453 

169 

139 403 







2 700 


2 806 


499 986 


496 756 


1 951 


1 922 






1 364 


1 370 


102 031 


96 091 




1 079 


407 831 




986 


1 068 


335 977 


336 721 



of social and ethnic groups, 



20 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 17. 



Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 



; introductory text] 



Farms operated by Black and other i 



Black American Indian 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 1987. 

1982. 

Land in farms acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland.- farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982., 

1987 FARMS BY SIZE 

50 to 139 acres""";;""^;i"^^;;;;ii;iIIIIII"";--^ 
140 to 219 acres 

220 to 499 acres _ 

500 acres or more 

1987 OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
IN FARMS 

Owned land in farms _ _ farms.. 

Rented or leased land in farms farms.. 

acres.. 

TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982. 

Part owners farms. 1987.. 

1982. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982. 

Tenants farms, 1987.. 



1982.. 



1987 FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorsfiip) 

Partnersflip 

Family held corporation 

Ottier than family held corporation 

Other-cooperative, estate or trust. 

1987 MARKET VALUE OF 
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLO 

Total sales farms. 

$1,000. 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms, 

$1,000, 
Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $2,500 , 

$2,500 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n,e,c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018). 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primanly livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 21 



Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982-Con 



' introduclorv text] 



Characteristics 



Farms operated by I 



i and other races 



Black American Indian 



1987 OPERATOR 
CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place ( 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

too to 199 days""-I--""----"-I-I""-"-I------ 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years -. 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm _-. 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 
Ma\e 

Operators ol Spanish origin' 

1987 COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS AND 
GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 

Amount received from Commodity Credit 

Corporation loans farms. 

SI. 000. 
Government payments received farms. 

SI. 000. 

'See chapter 



eportjng Spanish origin. 



22 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



(acres) 



Value of selected capital 

assets\ average per farm 

(dollars) 



' ° ($!' 



Total 



Crops, including 
greentiouse 



Total _ 

Crops (01) 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Wheat (0111) 

Rice (0112) 

Corn (0115) 

Soybeans (0116) 

Cash grams, nee (0119) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) 

Irish potatoes (0134) , 

Field crops, except cash grains, n.ec. (0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Berry crops (0171) 

Grapes (0172) 

Tree nuts (0173) 

Citrus fruits (0174) 

Deciduous tree fruits (0175) 

Fruits and tree nuts, n.ec- (0179) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

Ornamental floriculture and nursery products (0181). 
Food crops grov»n under cover (0182) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock and animal specialties (02) , 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and ar 
(021) 

Beef cattle feedlols (0211) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Hogs (0213) 

Sheep and goats (0214) 

General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
specialties (0219) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251).. 

Chicken eggs (0252) 

Turkeys and turkey eggs (0253) 

Poultry hatchenes (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, nee. (0259) 

Animal specialties (027) 

Fur-beanng animals and rabbits (0271) 

Horses and other equines (0272) 

Animal aquaculture (0273) 

Animal specialties, n.e.c. (0279) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
5(029) 

'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



608 245 

394 602 

289 41 1 
8 269 



52 830 
2 205 



63 857 
88 126 
60 852 



258 865 
524 818 

954 825 

345 674 

419 064 



140 335 
163 010 



44 727 
48 300 
2 600 



160 804 
24 700 
52 237 



19 743 

(D) 

20 658 



443 575 

80 824 

28 930 
475 

10 407 



314 887 

288 751 

7 713 

(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
2 331 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 23 



Table 19 Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 


1987 


1982 


Characlenstics 


1987 


1982 


Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings' $1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 
equipment' $1,000.. 


2 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

(D) 
2 
(D) 

2 

(D) 

2 

(D) 

2 
(D) 

(D) 


: 


Market value of agricultural products sold $1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops $1,000.. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000.. 

Total farm production expenses' $1,000.. 

Average per farm ...dollars.. 

Tenure of operator: 


(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(□) 






Part owners 




Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Han/esied cropland farms.. 

acres.. 


Tenants 

Abnormal farms by standard industrial 
classification 








_ 








Other cropland farms.. 


Tobacco (0132) 




acres.. 

Total woodland farms.. 

acres.. 


Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 


- 


Woodland pastured farms.. 

acres.. 


Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 


: 


Pastureland and rangeland other than 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 




Beef cattle except feedlots (0212) 




acres.. 


















Irrigated land farms.. 


General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 





24 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 20. Livestock and Poultry- 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



($1,000) 



and poultry 

Poultry 

Any cattle, tiogs, or stieep 

Cattle and calves 

Cows and heifers Itiat tiad calved. 

Beef cows , 

f^ilk cows 

Hogs and pigs 

Feeder pigs sold 

Stieep and lambs^ 

Horses and ponies 

Ctiickens 3 monttis old or older^ 

Hens and pullets of laying age 

Broilers and other meat-type chicl^ens. 



15 085 
14 427 
2 187 
5 129 



3 029 
3 514 
2 962 



727 795 
644 628 
742 284 
569 581 



29 776 623 



38 909 
32 225 
22 803 
19 953 



23 614 

24 917 
18 068 



2 308 
1 772 
9 354 



26 934 
25 224 

16 631 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



101 972 
100 178 

30 594 
27 544 

31 800 



665 601 
779 382 
529 246 



145 796 536 
(D) 
(D) 



347 456 
260 286 
218 310 
304 075 
220 963 
191 425 
43 381 
39 323 
26 885 

25 047 
22 545 
14 201 



12 311 

5 767 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



'Data i 

2Value of sales includes sheep, lambs, 

'Sales for 1987 include pullets of less t 



Table 21 Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



I symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Item 


1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


INVENTORY 

Chickens 3 months old or older 


175 

130 
25 
20 

167 

109 
18 
3 
22 
10 

820 
23 

12 

57 


834 287 

7 328 
170 255 
656 704 

644 628 

2 268 

2 925 

1 500 

153 588 

(D) 

(D) 

196 080 

(D) 

39 608 362 
316 
266 
50 

(X) 


253 

201 

31 
21 

240 

163 
29 
8 
26 
8 

2 

788 
29 
22 

53 


968 058 

18 703 
188 845 
760 510 

742 284 

4 893 

4 220 

(D) 

165 924 

105 600 

86 000 

(D) 

(D) 

31 112 162 
(D) 
(D) 
67 

(X) 


SALES 

Hens and pullets' .— 

Farms with- 


73 

30 
27 

59 
30 

1 001 
15 


1 655 756 

10 418 

186 514 
1 458 824 

665 601 

252 

6l'?i 

187 514 
103 960 

(D) 

187 400 

(D) 

210 492 139 

IS 

(X) 


98 

37 
31 
30 

78 

16 
12 
9 
28 
6 
3 
3 

922 
10 
9 

39 


1 507 662 
16 719 






186 313 




10 000 or more 


1 304 630 


Hens and pullets of laying age 


Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with- 


779 382 
575 


too to 399 


100 to 399 


2 423 




400 to 3 1 99 


13 721 






174 113 








20 000 to 49 999 


20 000 to 49,999 


74 000 




50 000 10 99 999 






1 00 000 or more 




Broilers and other meat-type chickens _ 
Turkeys 


Broilers and other meat-type chickens . 

Turkeys 

For slaughter - 


170 418 428 






Ducks, geese, and other poultry 


Ducks, geese, and other poultry 


(X) 



'Sales for 1987 include pullets of less t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 25 



Table 22 Broilers and Started Pullets— Sales: 1987 and 1982 





extl 




















Broilers and other 


meat-type chickens 


Pullets no 


of laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or older not 
ol laying age 


Number sold 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total 

Farms wilh- 

1 to 1,999 

2 000 to 1 5 999 


1 001 

6 
10 
12 
82 
140 

320 
383 
264 
119 
48 


210 492 139 

2 986 

93 422 

263 900 

3 618 376 

10 865 248 

46 373 405 
106 230 502 
60 999 668 
44 230 834 
44 044 300 


922 

19 
10 
20 
76 
143 

349 
267 
(NA) 
(NA) 
38 


170 418 428 

(D) 

457 640 

3 422 850 

11 210 657 

48 315 461 

75 699 069 

(NA) 

(NA) 

31 224 622 


17 

5 
(NA) 


990 155 

191 150 


21 

9 

5 

3 

(NA) 
(NA) 


728 280 

(D) 


16 000 to 29 999 


105 300 










100 000 to 199 999 


376 000 










300 000 to 499 999 


(NA) 


500 000 or rrore 









Table 23. 

[For meaning o 



Poultry— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 

J symbols, see introductory text) 





Inventory 




Chickens 3 months old or older 


Pullet chicks and pullets 
under 3 months old 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or 
older not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total inventory 

Farms wilh- 

1 to 99 

100 10 399 

400 to 1,599 

1 600 to 3 199 


175 
108 

25 

2 
2 
2 

(X) 


834 287 

2 398 

3 030 

(D) 

170 255 

196 300 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

(X) 


167 

18 

21 

2 
2 

(X) 


644 628 

2 198 
(D) 
(D) 

147 088 

151 300 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

(X, 


35 
19 

2 

(X) 


189 659 

200 
(D) 
(D) 

23 167 

45 000 

(D) 

(D) 
(X) 


3 

'- 
5 


74 536 

{D) 
(D) 

(D) 
307 805 


20 

2 

1 

800 


2 077 780 

11 405 
(D) 
600 


3 200 to 9 999 






(D) 






50,000 to 99,999 


(D) 


100 000 or more 


(D) 












Sales 




Hens and pullets 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Poultry and poultry 
products 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
(51,000) 


Total invenlorv 

Farms with- 
1 to 99 


57 
25 
16 


731 344 

30 
420 
(D) 

172 192 

209 655 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

924 412 


50 
22 


552 044 

30 
420 
(D) 

(D) 
125 855 

IS 

(D) 
113 557 


8 


179 300 

(D) 

(D) 

83 800 

(0) 

810 855 


7 
3 

2 
994 


11 227 644 
82 800 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

199 264 495 


107 
18 

25 

2 
2 
2 

1 020 


115 










3 200 to 9 999 


2 115 


1 000 to 19 999 


4 888 




(D) 






100,000 or more 


(D) 


No inventory 


263 006 



26 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 24. Turkeys— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 

ling of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Turkeys 


Total 


Sales lor slaughter 


Sales 


Df hens kept f 


r breeding 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total sold 


5 
5 


(D) 
(D) 


5 
5 


(D) 
(D) 








Farms wilh- 
























100,000 or more 





Table 25 Cattle and Calves- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 















^- 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Cattle and calves 


461 

188 
74 
85 
46 
32 
29 
5 

2 
358 

178 
45 
60 
37 
30 

216 

155 
19 

169 

44 
5 
36 
16 
31 
29 
8 

316 
306 


31 191 

810 

1 007 

2 616 

3 246 

4 397 

7 780 

(D) 

(D) 
11 541 

613 

1 698 

2 507 

3 837 
2 236 

2 187 

587 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

9 354 

70 
29 

!o! 

2 133 

3 720 
2 238 

8 130 
11 520 


265 
121 
124 
70 
48 

517 

248 
91 
84 
57 
26 
9 
2 

202 
50 

10 

2 
2 

248 

75 
9 
62 
23 
48 
24 

418 
467 


33 360 


Farms wilh- 


1 016 






20 to 49 

50 to 99 

1 00 to 1 99 


3 737 
6 550 


200 to 499 

2 500 or more 






15 085 




846 














100 to 199 


















5 129 


Farms wilh- 
1 to 9 


704 




?o1 


50 to 99 

100 to 199 


(D) 


200 to 499 


iS 


1 000 or more 






9 956 


Farms with- 


116 














50 to 99 


















8 970 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 27 



Table 26. Cattle and Calves— Sales: 1987 and 1982 



f abbreviations ; 



introductory text] 



50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 10 499 

500 to 999 

1,000 10 2,499 

2,500 or more _... 

Cattle sold 

Farms with — 

10 to 19""".'";;;; 

100 to ig'g;;;;;;;;;; 

200 to 499 

500 10 999 

1.000 or more 

Cattle fattened on grain 

Farms witti- 

1 to 9 

10 to 19... 

20 to 49 

50 to 99 

200 to 499;;;;;;;; 

500 to 999 

1,000 to 2.499 

2,500 or more 

Calves sold 

Farms with— 

10 to 19";;;;;;;;;;;; 

20 10 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 



3 021 

2 980 

(0) 



Table 27 Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Cattle and calves inventory 








Cattle and calves 


Total 


Cows and heifers that 
had calved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


Cattle and calves sales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


($i,ooo1 


Farms with- 
1 to 9 


461 

74 
85 
46 
32 
29 
5 

2 
(X) 


31 191 

810 

1 007 

2 616 

3 246 

4 397 
7 780 

(D) 

(D) 
(X) 


358 

61 
76 
43 
32 
26 
3 

(X) 


11 541 

332 
395 

1 667 

2 710 
4 019 

(D) 

(D) 


316 

82 
63 
70 
39 
30 
27 
5 

(X) 


6 130 

176 
302 
797 
952 

1 505 

2 922 
1 476 

(X) 


306 

106 
64 
69 

?4 
16 
2 

2 
(X) 


11 520 

302 
310 
491 
627 
182 
839 
<D, 

(D) 
(X) 


351 

78 

85 
46 
32 
29 

5 

2 
25 


26 441 

438 

545 

1 317 

1 364 

1 713 

(D) 

(D) 

493 


14 726 
206 


10 to 19 


207 






100 to 199 


457 


200 to 499 


1 607 


1,000 to 2,499 

2,500 or more 


(D) 











28 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 28. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and 


symbols, see 


ntroductory text) 




















Cattle and calves inventory 


Cattle and calves 




Cows and Heifers thai had 
calved 


Total 


Cows and heifers that 
had calved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, st 
bulls, and 


3er calves, 
bull calves 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory .._ 

Farms with- 


358 

113 
65 
45 
32 
28 
37 
30 
8 

103 


24 689 

822 
849 
1 096 
1 253 
1 741 
8 548 
6 866 
3 514 

6 502 


358 

113 
65 

37 
30 
8 

(X) 


11 541 

248 
400 
613 
717 
981 

2 507 

3 837 
2 238 

(X) 


259 

56 

42 
23 
24 
34 

8 
57 


7 218 

349 

335 
300 
557 
1 379 
(D) 
(D) 

912 


224 

59 

40 
24 
20 
19 

82 


5 930 

225 
272 
148 
236 
203 

4 662 

(D) 
(D) 

5 590 


288 

50 
58 
46 
32 

37 
30 
8 

88 


15 858 

416 

466 

585 

526 

585 

9 358 

2 641 

1 281 

11 076 


8 142 
214 






10 to 19 

20 to 29 

30 to 49 

50 to 99 


168 

240 

6 062 






200 to 499. 

500 to 999 

1 000 or more 






6 796 



Table 29 Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 



(For meaning ol abbreviations and 


symbols, se 


introductory text] 






































Cattle and calves inventory 




Total 




Cows and tieifers th 


t had calved 


Heifers and heifer calves 


Steers, steer ca 
and bull c 


ves. bulls. 




Total 


Beef cows 


Ives 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




216 

93 
62 

22 

6 

245 


9 999 

1 313 

1 432 

436 

856 

922 

5 040 

21 192 


216 

93 
62 
19 
22 

6 

142 


2 927 

531 

237 
485 
543 
384 


216 

93 
62 
19 
22 

6 
(X) 


2 187 

201 
386 

(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


133 
183 


1 460 

554 
361 

96 
159 
202 

88 

6 670 


146 

51 
46 

12 

! 
: 

160 




5 612 


Farms v»ith- 


228 


5 10 9 


103 


20 to 29 

30 to 49 


177 
4 568 


100 to 199.. 

500 to 999;;iIIIII"I""' 

1,000 or more 

No inventory 


5 908 






Cattle and calves sales 




Total 


Cattle 


Calves 




Beef cows 


Total 


Fattened on 








Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


($1,000) 




155 

38 
56 
19 
22 
14 
6 

221 


10 172 

375 
758 
250 
383 
363 
8 043 


6 483 

120 
237 

133 

169 

5 740 

8 455 


34 
55 

16 

6 


9 264 

170 
462 
187 
195 
(D) 
(D) 


6 357 

2?? 
84 

(D) 
(D) 


54 

15 
20 
5 
8 
3 
3 

45 


8 329 

57 
130 

51 
135 

88 

7 868 

8 506 


5 915 

32 
69 
12 
65 
63 
5 674 


73 

20 
21 


908 

205 

63 
188 
(D) 
(D) 


126 


Farms with- 


34 


5 to 9 

10 to 19... 

3oto49-;;;i;"ii"ii-i" 


9 
43 










500 to 999 




1 000 or more 




No inventory... 




16 762 




198 


11 1 


13 


7 28 


3 




5 898 




146 


5 649 


1 170 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 29 



(For meaning of abbreviations anc 


symbols, see in 


troductory text] 








































Cattle and ca 


ves inventory 










Ml. cows 


Total 


Cows and heilers ttial fiad calved 


Heifers and heifer calves 


Steers, stee 
andbu 




Total 


Milk cows 


1 calves 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 




Farms 


Number 


T 1 invent 


169 

5 
27 

9 
16 
31 
29 

8 

292 


57 

698 

359 

1 031 

3 603 

3 514 
14 853 


169 

5 
27 
9 

29 
189 


9 467 

211 
604 

2 141 

3 736 
2 238 

2 074 


169 

5 
27 

9 
16 
31 
29 

8 

(X) 


9 354 

70 
29 
(D) 

Ji 

3 720 
2 238 

(X) 


146 

25 
5 
27 

15 
31 
27 

170 


216 
19 
247 
133 
395 
1 352 
(D) 
(D) 

1 728 


96 

22 

25 
6 

10 
15 
13 
1 

210 


469 






5 to 9— 

10 to 19 

20 to 29 


i 






SO to 99 




100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

No inventory 


(D) 
(D) 

11 051 






Cattle and ca 


vessa 


es 










Dairy prod 




Milk cows 


Total 


Cattle 


Calves 






Farms 


Number 


value 
(SI. 000) 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
(SI. 000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with- 


153 

29 

27 
9 
16 
31 
29 


6 418 

324 
21 
357 
121 
494 

1 257 

2 563 
1 281 


1 877 

194 
9 
82 
32 
185 
297 
704 
376 


136 

21 

25 

15 
29 
26 

7 

200 


2 777 

218 
9 
121 
50 
264 

iti^ 

501 
17 600 


132 
23 
27 

27 
23 
6 

87 


3 641 

;i 

71 
230 

1 407 
780 

2 916 


136 

13 
3 
27 

16 

29 
8 

3 




15 971 




(D) 


10 to 19 

20 to 29 


470 
302 


50 to 99 


3 609 


100 to 199 


6 626 






No inventory 


22 




20 516 


13 060 


77 



Table 31. Cattle and Calves— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Cattle and calves 


Cattle 




Calves 




Cattle and calves 


Total 


Fattened 


on gram and concentrates 






Farms 


Number 


($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
(SI. 000) 


Farms 


Number 


($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total sold 


376 

98 
80 
72 
62 
39 
12 
8 
2 


26 934 

241 
525 

1 871 

2 601 

1 506 

2 077 

'R' 
(D) 


105 
209 
333 
555 
821 


336 

84 
70 
71 
55 
35 


20 377 

181 

599 

1 353 
537 

is 


13 641 

96 

291 
429 
725 
354 

'R' 
(D) 
(D) 


99 

37 
20 


16 835 

86 
92 
127 
185 
312 

6?i 


11 813 

51 
54 
77 
93 
190 


219 

31 
45 
45 
48 
30 
12 
6 


6 557 

60 
199 
340 
955 
1 248 
969 

s 


1 296 


Farms with- 








10 to 19 


42 




126 


100 to 199 

200 to 499.. 

500 to 999 


107 
(D) 
(D) 







Table 32 Hogs and Pigs— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 



/lalions and symbols. 



Item 


1987 


1982 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total hogs and pigs 

Farms with- 

1 to 24 

25 to 49.. 

50 to 99 


301 

123 
56 
47 
23 

15 

3 

203 

22 

16 
13 

267 


982 

1 874 
3 150 

2 744 

7 412 
10 136 
15 265 

8 151 

10 813 

1 122 
739 

1 951 
5 815 

38 901 


421 

200 
50 
66 
42 
32 
19 
9 
3 

287 

231 
17 
19 

364 


54 411 

1 576 
1 687 
4 353 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 to 999 

1 ,000 to 1 999 


5 441 
9 600 
12 956 
11 673 


2 000 to 4 999 


7 125 






Hogs and pigs used or to be used for breeding 


8 689 

1 787 
552 






200 or more 


3 411 




45 722 







30 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 33 Hogs and Pigs— Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 





1987 


1982 


Item 




Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
(SI .000) 




310 

77 
66 
53 

25 
20 

15 

'I 

7 
30 

9 
5 
5 

92 
53 

34 
22 
16 
12 


109 600 

748 

2 221 

3 619 

5 271 
7 552 

13 756 
19 741 

29 192 
27 500 

30 594 

566 
1 107 

1 233 

2 996 
23 984 

79 006 

1 843 

3 267 

4 457 

6 718 
11 269 

14 999 

(D) 
(D) 


10 055 

70 
207 
354 
497 
729 
1 249 

1 709 

2 863 
2 377 

1 503 

2 
25 
20 
37 
50 
122 
1 246 

8 552 

91 
195 
362 
486 

1 220 

1 518 

(D) 

(D) 


413 

122 
79 
68 
61 
39 
19 
15 
8 
2 

138 

53 
25 
21 

2 

7 

363 

si 

(NA) 
(NA) 

P! 

(NA) 
(NA) 


101 972 

1 303 

2 819 
4 637 
8 005 

12 471 
12 861 
21 728 

ics 

27 544 

92 
1 342 

1 672 

2 760 

!S 

15 802 

74 428 

(NA) 

is:! 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


10 208 


1 to 24 


136 
291 




415 




729 


200 to 499 


\lll 




2 183 




(D) 




(D) 




1 268 


Farms wilh- 


3 






50 to 99 


70 




99 


200 to 499 -_ 


!S 




789 




8 940 


Farms with- 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


500 to 999 


(NA) 


1.000 to 1.999 — 


(NA) 
(NA) 




(NA) 







Table 34 Hogs and Pigs— Utters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number of litters 


Farms 


Number of liners 


Litters farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 

Farms with- 
1 to 9 — - 


211 

31 
39 

11 
15 
5 

179 
183 


13 197 

432 

430 

1 098 

1 499 
4 366 
4 514 

6 597 
6 600 


292 

146 
57 

21 
10 
12 
3 

259 
259 


10 887 

577 
747 


20 to 49 








200 to 499..... 


3 443 
2 310 




5 875 


June 1 and Nov. 30 


5 012 



Table 35. 

(For r 



Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 





Hogs and pigs inventory 






Hogs and pigs 


sales 






Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with- 


301 

85 
38 
103 
23 
23 

(X) 


49 714 

393 
589 
5 024 
2 744 
7 412 
10 136 
23 416 

(X) 


45 
24 
73 
16 
19 
12 

(X) 


10 813 

182 

222 

870 

452 

1 485 

1 527 

6 075 

(X) 


267 

64 

100 
23 
23 
15 

(X) 


38 901 

211 

367 

4 154 

2 292 

8 609 
17 341 

(X) 


283 

ii 

103 

23 

15 

27 


108 918 

1 838 

3 219 
9 976 

4 515 
15 127 
19 758 
54 485 

682 


9 994 

142 
333 
951 

1 236 
1 911 
5 029 

61 


73 

24 
7 
22 

3 

5 


(D) 

6 723 

14 955 

(D) 


(D) 
(D) 


10 to 24 




100 to 199 

200 to 499 


337 




226 








(D) 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 31 



Table 36. 

[For meaning of 



Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 

i symbols, see introductory text] 





Hogs and pigs inventory 


Hogs and pigs sales 


Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other tiogs and pigs 


Tota, 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total sold 


283 

30 
90 
52 
38 
25 
20 

IB 


49 658 

365 

1 898 

2 413 
2 762 
4 186 
7 005 

56 


201 

61 
39 
30 
18 
16 

2 


(D) 

(D) 
342 
383 
559 
718 
1 287 
7 469 

(D) 


249 

28 
75 

30 
22 
18 
28 

18 


(D) 

(D) 

1 556 

2 203 

3 468 
5 718 

23 560 

(D) 


42 
101 
53 

25 
20 
28 

(X) 


109 600 

190 

2 779 

3 619 
5 271 
7 552 

13 756 
76 433 

(X) 


10 055 

21 
256 
354 
497 
729 
1 249 
6 949 

(X) 


74 

29 
10 
13 

6 
12 

(X) 


30 594 

525 
595 
964 
931 
3 180 
24 399 

(X) 


1 503 


Farms with- 








50 to 99 


22 


100 to 199 

200 10 499 


34 
33 








(XI 





Table 37 Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Litters Farrowed: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Hogs and pigs inventory 








Hogs and 


Digs sales 




Litters farrowed 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




209 

10 
49 
39 
30 

20 
92 


44 251 
186 

1 418 

4 286 
3 810 
6 148 

26 256 

5 463 


203 

8 
49 
37 
30 

9 

20 


10 813 

25 
205 
240 
371 
1 098 
701 

7 204 


175 

10 
35 
33 
25 
30 

20 
92 


33 438 

161 

593 

1 109 

1 047 

3 109 
5 179 
19 052 

5 463 


209 

9 
49 
39 
31 
39 

20 
101 


100 204 

200 
1 568 

4 084 

8 661 
6 710 

11 282 
65 915 

9 396 


9 087 

21 
145 
159 
382 
819 
661 
903 
5 997 

968 


21 
12 
13 
10 
3 
5 
9 


30 594 

B 

941 
1 785 
1 330 
4 365 
21 384 




Farms with- 


SI 

32 




5 to 9 

10 to 19 




52 


1 00 to 1 99 


228 


200 or more 

No litters farrowed 


1 096 










Litters farrowed between Dec 


. 1, 1986 


, and Nov 30, 1987 






Litters farrowed 


Total 


Dec 1, 1986. an 


dfvlayS 


, 1987 




jne 1. 1987, and Nov, 30, 


987 




Farms 


Litters 


Farms 


Litters 


Farms 


Litters 


Total litters f rr wed 


211 

49 
39 
31 
39 

2J 


13 197 

11 
146 
275 
430 

1 098 
858 

1 499 


179 

8 
36 
31 
29 
37 
10 
10 


6 597 

8 
76 
117 
206 
539 
401 
790 
4 460 


183 
3 

i 

29 
36 

11 
10 
20 




6 600 


Farms with- 








5 to 9 


158 


10 to 19 


224 






100 to 199 


709 


200 or more 


4 420 



















Table 38. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 












1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Sheep and lambs inventory 

Farms with- 

1 to 24 

25 to 99. _ 


50 

33 
12 
5 

45 

39 
(X) 

38 

45 


1 667 

228 

585 
854 

1 006 

1 099 
7 081 

772 
54 


32 
8 

1 

29 

(X) 

24 
32 


681 

199 
(D) 






1 .000 to 2 499 




2 500 or more 




Ewes 1 year old or older 

Sheep and lambs shorn 


358 


Sheep and lambs sold 

Value of sales from sheep, lambs, and wool ($1,000) 


469 
26 



32 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 39. 

(For meaning ol 



Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 

I symbols, see introductory text) 



abbreviations i 











nd lambs 


shorn 


Sales 


Sheep and lambs 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Sh=., 


Sheep and lambs 


Sheep, lambs. 


nd wool 






Number 


Farms 




Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
wool 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory _ 

Farms with- 


50 

33 
12 
5 

(X) 


1 667 

228 
585 
854 

(X) 


45 
28 
1 

(X) 


1 006 

164 
350 
492 


39 

22 
12 
5 


1 099 

157 
402 
540 


1 076 

2 998 

3 007 


20 
1 


(D) 

127 
319 
(D) 

(D) 


27 
12 
5 

- 




(D) 






100 to 299 

300 to 999 


(D) 






5,000 or more 













Table 40. 

[For meaning o 



Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 

abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 





Sheep and lambs inventory 








Sales 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Sh„M <.„.,<.,„.»„,.„, 


Sheep and lambs 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
wool 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms wilti.- 

1 to 24 

25 to 99 

100 10 199 


45 
35 

5 


1 649 
502 

is 

18 


45 
35 

] 
(X) 


1 006 
308 

S 

(X) 


38 

1 
1 

: 

1 


(D) 
308 

isi 

(D) 


(D) 
2 210 

(D) 
(D) 


36 
26 

1 

: 

2 


(D) 
257 

is 

(D) 


43 

33 
8 

\ 

2 


(D) 

15 
(D) 
(D) 


200 10 499 

500 10 999 

1 000 to 2 499 


(D) 


2 500 to 4 999 








No inventory 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 33 



Table 41 Other Livestock and Livestock Products— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



I symbols, see introductory text] 



s and ponies 

, burros, and donkeys 



$1,000, 









number. 


Bees and honey sold 

Goats 


pounds. 

farms. 

$1,000. 



Angora goals i 
Milk goats .... 
Goats milk sok 



Milk goats and goats r 



! and ttieir pelts. 



SI.OOO: 



Other livestock ; 



34 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 



I symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 






1982 




Crop 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Value of 

production' 

($1,000) 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Value of 

productioni 

($1,000) 


Harvested cropland 

Corn for grain or seed (bushels) 

Corn lor silage or green chop or cut for dry fodder, hogged or 

Sorghum (or gram or seed (bushels) 

Sorghum for silage or green chop, cut for dry forage or hay, or 
hogged or grazed 


2 172 
1 076 

155 
21 

630 

59 
64 

1 515 
42 

539 
317 
36 

49 


441 502 
130 234 

11 145 
864 

258 

43 573 

32 642 

573 

906 

(D) 

219 941 

(D) 

8 188 

18 341 
43 036 
1 378 

214 

981 
108 


(X) 
9 876 539 

(X) 
23 705 

(X) 

1 827 869 

1 897 161 

34 955 

22 927 

(D) 

4 143 976 

(D) 

1 559 022 

43 254 
(X) 
(X) 

(X) 

(X) 
(X) 


99 595 

19 259 

1 789 

39 

19 

4 478 

2 182 

(D) 

22 377 

(D) 

10 913 
16 

2 369 

20 332 
1 922 

279 
13 488 


2 700 
1 363 

209 
6 

28 

783 
471 
108 
120 

1 991 

46 
9 

609 
367 

49 

106 
(NA) 


499 986 
150 676 

10 034 

115 

283 

56 867 
33 951 
1 236 
1 472 

264 971 
172 

5 573 
10 

16 926 
40 421 
1 289 

196 

1 311 
(NA) 


(X) 
14 880 293 

(X) 
4 407 

(X) 

2 234 788 

1 912 955 

67 034 

36 337 

6 373 519 
1 900 

1 332 103 

1 465 

38 149 
(X) 
(X) 

(X) 

(X) 
(X) 


120 906 
34 225 

3 645 
8 

78 




3 443 




101 




96 














Soybeans lor beans (bushels) 


35 692 
32 


Peanuts for nuts (pounds) 




Tobacco (pounds) 


6 394 




8 


Pineapples harvested (tons) 




Sugarcane lor sugar (tons) 

Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop. 


2 614 




16 929 








183 


Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms, and sod grown for sale 
Other crops 


7 984 
(NA) 



Table 43. 



Specified Crops Harvested- 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 





Entire crop irngated 


Part of crop irngated 


None of crop irngated 


Crop 


Farms 


Acres 


yield per 


Farms 


Acres 
irrigated 


Acres not 
irrigated 


Average 
yield per 


Farms 


Acres 


acre 




66 
3 

7 
27 

18 

10 

2 
2 

135 
5 
23 


183 
(D) 

1 164 

863 
3 463 

2 001 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

12 114 
377 
80 


112,1 
17.3 
(D) 
54.2 

572 
27.4 

2130 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(X) 

(X) 

2 949.7 


79 
3 

19 

5 
90 

3 

3 

50 
3 

1 


12 649 
400 

1 440 

483 
8 300 

(D) 

1 645 

88 

(D) 
126 

11 661 
150 
(D) 


12 822 
500 

1 059 

28 743 
(D) 

1 633 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

12 187 
760 
(D) 


96.1 
49.5 

56.9 

20.1 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

;x) 

(D) 


931 
148 
20 
597 

348 

1 398 

2 

16 

95 

272 
29 
48 

132 
28 
18 


95 098 
10 026 

399'?^ 
573 

30 699 

179 435 

(D) 

2 909 

7 417 
2 099 

4 765 

652 

2 342 

7 074 
(D) 


66.7 




9.8 


Sorghum lor gram or seed (bushels) 

Wheal lor grain (bushels) 

Oats lor gram (bushels) 

Barley lor grain (bushels) 

Rice(cwt) 

Soybeans for beans (bushels) 


(D) 

6i:o 

58.2 


Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) 

Cotton (bales) 


(D) 




173.5 


Sugar beets for sugar (tons) 


: 




3.1 


Small grain hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) 
(tons dry) 


2.0 
2.0 




1-5 




4.5 


Alfalfa seed (pounds) 




Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 


(X) 
(X) 


Strawberries harvested for sale (pounds) 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 35 



Table 44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Corn for grain or seed (bushels) 

15 to 24 acres^"""'I''""I-'""""'II;;ImIlI 
25 to 49 acres 

100 to 249 acres";;;^;;^;^"^""]]!""!""'" 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 to 2,999 acres 

3.000 to 4,999 acres 

5,000 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green chop (tons, green) 

1 to 14 acres 

25 to 49 acres;";;;;;;;i;i;iiiiii;;;i;;"";i 

100 to 249 acres'';miI'i;iIIIIIIIIl;lI"-;^^ 
250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres -_- 

1,000 acres or more -_ 

Wheat for gram (bushels) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres __ 

25 to 49 acres _ 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres ._ 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

1,000 to 1,999 acres- 

2.000 to 2,999 acres _ 

3,000 to 4,999 acres - 

5,000 acres or more 

Barley for grain (bushels) , 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres _ 

25 to 49 acres , 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2.000 to 2,999 acres , 

3.000 to 4,999 acres , 

5.000 acres or more 

Oats for grain (bushels) 

Soybeans for beans (bushels) 

1 to 14 acres _ 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2,000 to 2,999 acres 

5,000 acres or more 

Irish potatoes (cwt) 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
Silage, green chop, etc. (see text)(tons, dry) 

25 to 49 acres";""i;i;i;;i:;ii""";;";i; 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2,000 to 2.999 acres 

3.000 to 4,999 acres 

5,000 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay (tons,dry) 

15 to 24 acres;i"""i;";]'^];];];;]IIIi;i; 
25 to 49 acres 

100 to 249 acres [[l]l[[l^"[[[l\l[\[ 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 to 2.999 acres 

3,000 to 4,999 acres - 

5.000 acres or more 

Small grain hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay (see text)(tons. dry) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 



33 181 
27 601 
22 132 
22 253 



7 781 
(D) 
(D) 



870 595 

2 485 935 

2 242 462 

1 655 032 

2 023 254 



37 259 
72 155 
220 290 
400 545 
627 090 
343 538 
(D) 
(D) 



32 642 


1 897 161 






843 


43 855 


3 143 


175 575 


4 753 








6 670 


418 303 


2 383 


134 735 


3 744 




(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


573 


34 955 


219 941 


4 143 975 






2 843 


46 019 


9 071 


162 226 


23 385 


404 913 






54 874 


1 043 622 


46 441 


883 654 


32 139 


648 372 


(X) 


(X) 



8 341 


43 254 






1 735 


2 909 


2 349 


5 296 


3 666 


7 605 






(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 



5 644 
5 381 
1 479 
7 438 



150 676 
2 354 
2 881 
8 744 



3 602 128 

2 872 003 

3 285 102 
2 253 246 



266 746 
483 844 
729 954 
473 005 
(D) 











3 956 


90 502 


13 334 


318 243 










63 353 


1 544 666 


57 140 


1 345 869 


30 368 


740 045 



12 319 
2 909 
2 312 



36 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- 



Table 44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Hay-alfal(a, other tame, small gram, wild, grass 
Silage, green ctiop, etc (see text)(tons, dry)— Con. 
Tame tiay ottier than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 
hay (see text)(tons. dry) — Con. 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 acres or more 

Wild hay (tons, dry) 

Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay (tons. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 

0.1 to 9 acres 

50 to 14.9 acres 

15.0 to 24 9 acres , 

250 to 49.9 acres , 

50.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 to 499.9 acres 

500.0 to 749-9 acres 

750.0 to 999.9 acres 

1,000.0 acres or more 

1.0000 to 1,999.9 acres 

2.000 to 2,999.9 acres 

3.000.0 acres or more 

Cantaloups 

Snap beans 

Sweet corn. 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas 

Land in orchards 

1 to 9 acres 

1.0 to 4 9 acres 

15.0 to 24,9 acres 

25 to 49 9 acres 

50 to 99,9 acres 

100 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 to 499 9 acres 

500.0 to 749.9 acres 

750.0 to 999.9 acres 

1,000-0 to 1,9999 acres 

2.000 to 2,999-9 acres 

3.000-0 acres or more... 



1 078 

2 077 

7 071 

8 250 
5 594 
2 610 

15 407 
(X) 



2 586 
5 739 
5 752 



3 429 
6 120 
10 093 



Table 45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 

(Not published for this State] 



Table 46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



of 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, s 


e introductory text) 


















Under glass or 


other protection 


In the 


open 


Sales 


Crop 


Farms 


Square feet 


Farms 


Acres 




Value 
($1,000) 


Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms, a 
grown for sale (see text) 

1987 value of sales: 
$1 to S2 499 sales 


"-^°. 1987.. 

1982.. 


68 

15 
15 
10 

7 
5 

10 

12 


1 310 210 
1 340 520 

1 632 
49 229 
156 240 
212 241 
(D) 
(D) 
623 130 

510 570 
980 000 

114 272 
71 760 


52 

61 

10 
12 
12 

6 

(X) 
(X) 

33 
35 


951 
1 280 

7 
37 
68 
58 

!S 

600 

(X) 
(X) 

765 
1 092 


96 
106 

13 
23 
24 
13 
9 
6 

10 

35 
35 


13 488 
7 984 






$10,000 to 539,999 sales 


475 


$100,000 to $199,999 sales 

$200 000 to $499 999 sales 


1 250 
1 616 






Mushrooms 

Nursery crops.. 


1987.. 

1982.. 

1967.. 

1982.. 


3 891 

3 875 

4 451 
2 569 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 37 



Table 47 Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 



Fewest number of farms accounting for— 



) percent of sales 



50 percent of sales 



Farms number. 

percent. 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings' farms. 

St. 000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Estimated market value of all mactiinery and equipment $1,000. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland acres. 

Han/ested cropland acres. 

Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured acres. 

Market value of agricultural products sold $1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 
Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 
Tobacco -- farms. 

$1,000. 
Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melon farms. 

$1,000. 
Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products. farms. 

$1,000. 
Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 
Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Total farm production expenses' farms. 

$1,000. 
Selected farm production expenses': 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Commercial fertilizer _. farms 

$1,000. 
Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 

Petroleum products farms 

$1,000. 

Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
jiooo! 

Payments from government programs farms 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

fvlilk cows farms. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 



1 254 
22 788 
1 415 



i sample of farms. 



38 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



This page is intentionally blank to preserve table continuity. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA DELAWARE 39 



Table 48 Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10.0 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms .number, 

percent. 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm .dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to S19.999 

$20,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms- 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000- 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sv^eet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

$i.ooo! 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products _ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products _. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 

40 DELAWARE 



304 075 

985 

302 003 



2 783 

19 

2 352 



34 405 


5 560 






25 963 


3 573 


504 


104 


13 556 


2 478 






3 202 


527 



1 864 
3 
(D) 



90 531 

225 

90 323 

63 

(D) 

48 

10 882 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations ; 



Pari owners 



Farms with sales of $10.0 



Total 



-Con 



$1,000. 

Sales of S50.000 or more _ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24.999 

S25.000 to $79,999. 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999... 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



2 965 
377 102 
127 184 



8 172 
1 244 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 41 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







All farms 




Farms with sales 


3l $10,000 or mor 




Item 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Pari owners 


Tenants 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total larm produclion expenses- Con 
Electricity 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


"stwo;; 


2 195 

4 862 

1 085 
942 
151 

1 254 
22 788 

646 
440 
133 
35 

364 

5 798 

41 

134 
28 

2 481 

11 739 

1 939 
455 
67 
20 

1 192 

2 445 

672 
406 
106 

8 

1 415 

14 872 

713 
580 
110 
12 

1 205 

12 415 

139 
463 
505 
98 

500 

2 457 

183 

113 
15 

972 

11 089 

582 

184 
103 

2 724 
2 591 

2 666 
42 
12 

2 813 

15 758 

2 271 
442 
50 


1 294 

2 563 

598 

619 

72 

5 

689 
8 036 

407 
223 
49 

1 418 

30 
107 

1 486 

4 176 

1 272 

194 

18 

2 

645 
848 

436 
187 
21 

825 
6 061 

321 
2 

752 

5 254 

95 
329 
295 

33 

214 
806 

90 
79 

1 791 
1 465 

1 772 

1 715 

6 256 

1 447 
235 
20 


1 861 

361 
274 

10 

501 
11 318 

215 
192 
73 
21 

120 
4 030 

9 
49 
46 
16 

783 

6 321 

500 
226 

437 

180 
178 

5 
513 

201 
237 
65 
10 

453 

7 161 

134 
210 
65 

209 

1 175 

i 

778 

8 568 

470 
80 

149 
79 

872 

1 056 

835 
26 
8 
3 

861 
6 315 

174 
27 


187 
439 

126 
49 
10 
2 

64 
3 434 

24 
25 

18 
350 

2 

5 
8 

212 

1 242 

167 
35 
6 

308 

56 

11 
2 

475 

51 
22 

77 
475 

24 
27 

22 
4 

194 

2 520 

23 
35 
24 

61 

71 

59 

2 

237 
1 187 

196 
33 
3 


1 637 

4 690 

554 
915 
151 
17 

1 091 
22 594 

488 

133 
35 

342 

5 753 

31 
149 
134 

28 

1 649 
11 006 

451 
67 
20 

792 

2 210 

355 

323 

106 

8 

1 137 

14 258 

473 
542 
110 
12 

11 901 

78 
334 
473 

98 

428 

2 356 

158 
142 
113 
15 

707 
10 709 

328 
92 
184 
103 

1 745 

2 101 

1 687 
42 

12 

1 865 

15 234 

1 324 
50 


928 

2 449 

257 

594 

72 

5 

585 
7 915 

308 
218 
49 
10 

213 
(D) 

20 
104 

933 

3 694 

722 

191 
18 
2 

413 
(D) 

248 
143 
21 

1 

636 
5 636 

295 
298 

592 

53 
234 
272 

33 

180 
766 

73 
62 

1 053 
1 070 

1 034 

1 061 
5 925 

794 
234 
20 
13 


569 
1 816 

217 
273 

10 

451 
11 246 

165 
192 
73 
21 

112 
4 002 

46 
16 

603 

320 
226 

43 

327 
1 218 

94 
154 
74 

443 
8 185 

146 
222 
65 
10 

391 

7 031 

25 
100 
201 

65 

190 
1 153 

61 
72 
50 

585 

8 321 

287 
70 

649 
968 

612 
26 
8 
3 

649 
8 179 

416 

27 
32 


425 
80 


SI 000 to $4 999 


48 










Hired farm labor 

Farms witti expenses of- 
$1 to $4,999 


"'$i,ooo;; 


55 
3 433 

15 












,7 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


$1,000.. 


(D) 
2 










$25 000 or more 


3 


Repair and maintenance 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


113 
1 167 

69 


$25,000 to $49,999 

$50 000 or more 


6 


Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 


52 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


(D) 


$1 000 to $4 999 


26 


$5 000 to $24 999 








Interest expense 

Farms with expenses ol- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


58 
437 


$5 000 to $24 999 


22 


$25 000 to $99 999 








Secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to S999 


"'si^oo;; 


: 










$25 000 or more 




Not secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of- 


- farms.. 
$1,000.. 


58 
437 


$1,000 to $4 999 




$5 000 to $24 999 


22 












Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


2 389 


$5,000 to $9.999 

$10 000 to $24 999 


22 
35 


$25 000 or more 


24 


Property taxes 

Farms with expenses ol- 


""$i.ooo;i 


43 
63 


$5,000 to $9,999 

$10 000 to $24 999 


2 


$25 000 or more 




All other larm production expenses-.. 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


155 
1 130 




33 








5 



42 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. 

[For meaning o1 



Summary by Tenure of Operator: 

ind symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



Farms with sales of $10.0 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 






All (a 


. 




Average per farm _ 


$1.000.. 
...dollars.. 


65 300 
22 023 








Average net gain ___ 


—dollars.. 


45 171 


Gam ot- 






$1,000 to $9 999 


442 


$10 000 to $49 999 


787 


$50,000 or more 


337 






1 270 


Average net loss 


...dollars.. 


8 870 


Loss ol- 
Less than $1 000 




233 


$1 000 to $9 999 


768 






$60,000 or more . 


31 



Government payments 

Cuslomv»ork and other agricultural 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Gross cash rent or share payments .. 
Forest products and Chnstmas trees . 
Other farm-related income sources.. . 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.- farms.. 

$1,000.. 













$1,000.. 






$1,000.. 






$1,000.. 
farms 


Sorghum, barley, and oats.... 




$1.000.. 

'$i%oo;; 


Peanuts. rye, nee, tobacco, and honey. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 


$1,000.. 

'$i%oo;: 


Hanrested cropland 

Farms by acres harvested: 




acres.. 

. farms.. 

acres.. 


50 to 99 acres 


100 to 199 acres 






1 ,000 to 1 ,999 acres 


2,000 acres or more 


Cropland 
Pasture or grazing only 

In cover crops, legumes, and soil. 

and not pastured...' 

On v»hich all crops failed 


. farms.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 

. farms- 
acres.. 








acres.. 


Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end of table 


" acresi: 



1 264 

91 451 

1 073 

71 459 



2 518 

726 

56 552 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 43 



Table 48. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text) 



geland other tfian 

■pastured farms, 

acres. 
Land in tiouse lots, ponds, roads, 
wasteland, etc farms. 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms., 

acres. 

Conservation reserve program farms., 

acres.. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms., 

$1,000., 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 



$70,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 



Estimated market value of all machinery 


Farms by value group: 
$1 to $4,999 


$1,000.. 


$5 000 to S9 999 














SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 










number.. 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) ... 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


farms.. 

number.. 
.... farms.. 

number.. 




farms 


Coltonpickers and sinppers 


farms.. 








number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 




Commercial fertilizer 

acres on 


farms.. 

which used.. 




which used.. 




,to 


Insects on hay and other crops 

acres on 
Nematodes in crops 


farms.. 

which used.. 
farms.. 




" "^ fafms 


acres on 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 


which used.. 


acres on 


which used.. 


Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 


farms.. 



150 686 

79 

12 225 

214 

23 904 



2 540 

1 384 
15 055 



339 620 

447 

62 237 



See footnotes at end of table. 



44 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48 Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land rente 
Rented ( 



acres-. 

pn farms farms.. 

acres-. 

r leased from others farms-. 

jased land in farms farms.. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated __ ._ 



' principal occupation: 



Operators t 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 



• to 9 years 

Average years on present farm . 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 



Operators by sex: 

I^ale — - 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see t 



Individual or family 
Partnership 



? proprietorship) _ 



Corporation: 
Family held 

More tha 
lOorles 




n 10 stockholders 

s stockholders 


Other than 




More than 10 stockholder! 


10 ones 


s stockholders 



See lootnotes ; 



360 152 

2 682 

325 313 



285 163 

1 141 

282 932 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



36 574 

25 

7 250 



Farms with sales of $10,0 



207 487 

36 
3 325 



228 243 

62 

43 395 



DELAWARE 45 



Table 48. 

[For meaning of 



Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres.- 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cast! grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, nee (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) _ 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

Farms with — 

10 to 49;;;';;;;:;;;;;i;;;;;;;;"i"i;i;i;: 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

Beef cows farms. 

10 to 4"9";i;;i"^""^]]^iiiiiiii;iiii;i! 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

IVIilk cows farms. 

Farms with- 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 10 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

$1,000^ 
Cattle farms. 

$1,000: 
Fattened on gram 



7 175 
56 
(D) 



46 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48 Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Full owners 



LIVESTOCK-Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory. 
Farms with — 



J used for breeding . 



Hogs and pigs sold _ 



Feeder pigs. farms.. 

$1,000^ 



Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory.. 
Ewes 1 year old or older 



Sheep and lambs sold _. 
Sheep and lambs shorn. 



Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

Goats sold i 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 m 



inventory., farms.. 



400 to 3 199 






20.000 to 49.999 


50 000 to 99 999 




Hens and pullets of laying age. 
Pullels 3 months old or older nc 


farms- 
number.. 
1 of laying 


Hens and pullets sold. 


number.. 
farms,. 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens 



sold 






Farms wilh- 




number.. 




60 000 to 99 999 




Turkey hens kept for brc 
Turkeys sold 


eding ..... 


farms.. 

number.. 



7 489 
93 

3 857 
95 

3 632 



(D) 
2 580 



12 888 
138 

6 443 
149 

6 445 



641 454 

18 
184 152 



7 261 
63 

3 749 
68 

3 512 



78 014 

51 

578 914 



140 842 030 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 47 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con 



[For meaning of abbreviatic 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for gram or seed farms. 

busfiefs. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

tons, green. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wheat for grain _. farms. 

acres. 

Irngated _ farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley for grain farms. 

bushels. 
Irrigated farms. 

Soybeans for beans _. farms. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

1 to 24 acres _ __. 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Insh potatoes farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

50 to 24 9 acres';".;;;i;;;;;;^;^;^""^"i;; 

25 to 99.9 acres 

1000 to 249.9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms, 
acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0-1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24 9 acres 

25.0 to 999 acres 

100.0 to 249 9 acres 

250 acres or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



718 878 

33 

2 604 



558 794 

26 

3 646 



22 076 
12 
(D) 



42 720 
23 649 



65 500 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 

2 962 



31 370 
15 607 



48 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48 Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations ; 



I symbols, see inlroductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED- Con. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text)- 
Con. 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas, 
harvested for sale farms.. 

Irrigated farms-. 

Sweet corn han/ested for sale farms.. 

acres.. 

irrigated farms.. 

acres., 

Land in orchards farms.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres 

0,1 to 4,9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 to 249,9 acres 

2500 acres or more 

'Data are based on a sample of farms. 
^Farms with total production expenses equal 



7 643 

68 

5 739 



) market value of agricultural products sold are included as f 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 49 



Table 49. 



Summary by Type of Organization: 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 



other than family held 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

S 1.000. 
Average per larm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2.499 

$2,500 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 10 $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249.999 

$260,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grams .._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for gram farms. 

$1,000. 

SI.000' 

Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

51,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains ._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

SI. 000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco _._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more ._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 350,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms 

$1,000. 

Sales of S50.000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms" 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms. 

S1.000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

51,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000, 

Cattle and calves. farms, 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table 

50 DELAWARE 



2 553 

86 1 

400 071 



6 961 
12 

6 799 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total holders 



Other than family held 



Total holders 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)-Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

51,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

si.ooo! 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 -.-- 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 _. 

$100,000 or more __ 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$5!000 to $24,999 I^IIIIIIimm];!";]^ 
$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 --.- 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

525,000 to $49,999 

550,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to 54,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to 549,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000, 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms, 

$1,000 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms 

$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table. 



2 564 
252 732 
98 569 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 51 



Table 49. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



abbreviations i 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con 

Electricity farms. 

St. 000. 
Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

Sl.OOO to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._. 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$6,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999. _. 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

si.ooo! 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 

$5^000 to $24,999";];;;"IIlI"i;i;ii;];" 
$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _. 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 _. 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 __ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 .._. 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Properly taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

S5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999. __. 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 10 $4.999... 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

See 



52 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Other than family t 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 




Average per farm 

Parms with net gains^ 


$1.000.. 
...dollars.. 

..number., 
rlnllars 


Gam o(- 




$10 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 or more 




number 


Average net loss ._ 


...dollars.. 


$1 000 to $9,999 





Government payments 

Other farm-related income^ 

Customwork and other agricultural 



Forest products and Christmas trees . 













$1,000. 


Wheat 










$1,000. 












$1,000. 


Sorghum 


barley, a 


ndoats 






$1,000. 

.. farms. 
$1,000- 


Peanuts, 


rye, rice. 


obacoo 


and 


honey. 


$1,000- 

.. farms. 

$1,000. 



Harvested cropland 

Farms by acres han/ested: 




-E;; 


50 to 99 acres 








1.000 to 1.999 acres 


Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only... 

In cover crops, legumes, a 
improvement grasses, no 
and not pastured 

On which all crops failed . 

In cultivated summer fallo« 


=te 


... farms.. 

d 

... farms.. 

acres.. 
--- farms.. 

acres.. 
... farms-- 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured . 
Woodland not pastur 



See footnotes at end of table 



2 397 
501 290 

2 172 
441 502 



320 617 

1 838 

279 801 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 53 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



rangeland < 
Jdland pa: 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



alue of land and buildings' 

Average per farm 


farms.. 

farms_. 

$1.000.. 
dollars.. 


Farms by value group: 


$40 000 to $69 999 


$70 000 to $99 999 






$200 000 to $499 999 




$1,000,000 to $1.999.999 

$2,000,000 to $4.999.999 



Estimated market value ol all machinery 


farms 


Farms by value group 


$1.000.. 


$5 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $19 999 










$500 000 or more 


SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups 

Wfieel tractors 


- farms. - 
number.. 


Less ttlan 40 horsepower (PTO) 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


.. farms., 
number.. 
.. farms. - 


Cottonpickers and strippers 

Mower conditioners 


number., 
number., 
number.. 




number.- 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer f 

acres on which 

Lime f 

acres on which 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 

Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

Nematodes in crops farms. 

acres on which used. 
Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 

acres on which used- 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or tor growth 

control of crops or thinning ol fruil farms. 

acres on which used. 



54 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

s. see introductory text) 



t abbreviations ; 



Tenants _ 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land rented or lease 
Rented or leased I, 






acres. . 
acres.. 
Land rented or leased to others farms,. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place < 
On farm operated -.. 
Not on farm operated 
Not reported 



Operators 
Farmim 
Other '. 



I principal occupation: 



I days of work off farm: 



2 years or les 

3 or 4 years . 



Average years 
Jot reported __. 



Operators by age group; 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 



50 lo 54 years . 
55 to 59 years . 
60 to 64 years . 
65 to 69 years . 



Operators by sex: 
Male 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



285 163 

1 141 

282 932 



Individual or family (sole proprietorshi 


) farms.- 


2 553 

400 071 

216 


Corporation: 
Family held 


acres.. 
farms- 


62 666 

173 
141 856 


More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


"'" farms" 


Otherlhan family held 


farms- 


8 






10 or less stockholders 


farms.. 


7 


institutional, etc -- 




16 



2 333 
251 934 

2 326 
222 402 



74 592 

151 

71 710 



71 715 

108 

71 028 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 55 



Table 49. 

[For meaning > 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 







Total 


Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family 


held 


Other than family held 


Other- 
cooperative, 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


trust, 
institutional. 


FARMS BY SIZE 


514 
867 
196 
230 
219 
143 

288 
188 
100 

I 029 

92 

92 
128 

74 
69 

238 

73 

105 

1 042 

23 

461 
31 191 

159 
46 
32 
29 

7 

358 

11 541 

216 

2 187 

155 
55 
6 

169 
9 354 

5 
52 
31 
29 

8 

316 
8 130 

306 

II 520 

376 

26 934 

14 938 

219 

6 557 

1 296 

336 

20 377 

13 641 

99 

16 835 

11 813 


458 
791 
181 
201 
195 
124 
101 

67 
238 
132 

56 
9 

889 

75 

75 

107 
18 
48 
56 

215 

70 

927 
131 

13 

386 

14 595 

145 
27 
22 
16 
2 

300 
7 538 

1 646 

140 
46 
2 

130 

43 

42 
20 
15 
6 

259 
4 858 

251 

2 199 

309 
7 695 

2 768 
169 

4 049 
857 
276 

3 646 
1 911 

79 


35 
45 
6 
23 
13 
15 
9 
5 
21 
32 
9 
3 

74 

6 
3 

13 
2 

24 
66 
6 

46 
5 077 

8 

12 
9 
6 
2 

37 

2 207 

16 

287 

9 
6 

I 

27 
1 920 

1 
10 

7 
7 

40 
1 812 

32 

1 058 

2 716 
905 

36 

1 888 

388 

517 

192 

121 


18 
27 

26 
36 

58 

10 
46 

26 
11 288 

6 
3 

6 
3 

20 

(D) 

(D) 

5 
3 

(D) 

3 

7 

16 
(D) 

20 

(D) 

23 

11 231 
13 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

15 133 
10 837 


16 
24 

6 

2 

3 
24 
23 

35 
16 

55 

26 

11 288 

6 

20 
(D) 

(D) 

5 
3 
3 

(D) 

7 

16 
(D) 

(D) 

23 

16 433 
11 231 
13 
(D) 
(D) 
21 
(D) 

15 133 
10 837 


15 
22 
7 
6 

2 

7 
3 
24 
23 
35 
15 

55 
13 

8 

16 
10 

8 

8 
3 

26 
11 288 

6 
3 

6 

3 

20 

(D) 

(D) 

5 

3 
3 

11 
(D) 

3 

16 
(0) 

20 
(D) 

23 
16 433 
11 231 

13 

fi 

(D) 

15 133 
10 837 


2 
3 

2 
3 

2 

I 


2 
2 

1 
2 

2 
2 


3 








2 














180 to 219 acres 


- 








3 






1 000 to 1 999 acres 








FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 


8 














Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, nee (0133. 0134. 0139) 
















Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 


2 


Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 


3 


Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 




LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 

^™o9" 


.. farms., 
number.. 


3 
231 

2 










200 to 499 








Cows and heiters that had calved 


.. farms., 
number.. 


(D) 


Farms with- 


number.. 


(D) 

1 


10 to 49 

50 to 99 


: 


1 00 to 1 99 




200 to 499 








^ 


Farms with - 
1 to 4 


number.. 


(D) 


5 to 9 












100 to 199 




200 to 499 




500 or more 






, 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 

Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


""number!; 

... farms.. 

number.. 

$1.000.. 
... farms.. 

number.. 

$1.000.. 
... farms.. 

number.. 

SI. 000.. 
... farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 


(D) 

3 

(D) 

90 

!S 

3 
(D) 

'il 



56 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 

(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Other than family I 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 



d pigs inventory... _ 
24 




farms.. 


49 


99 








or to be used lor br 


eding ... 


farms- 
number.. 
farms 






number.. 


r pigs 




number.. 

$1,000.. 

farms.. 



ig year and Nov. 30 .., farms. 

'31 -- farms. 

I. 30 --- farms. 



Sheep ar 
Ewes ■ 



I lambs of alt ages inventory., 
year old or older.... 



Sheep and lambs sc 
Sheep and lambs sf- 

Horses and ponies ii 
Horses and ponies e 

Goats inventory 

Goats sold 



farms, 
farms. 






POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory __ farms., 
number.. 
Farms with — 
■ 399 



400 10 3 1 99 


3 200 to 9 999 






50,000 to 99 999 




Hens and pullets ol laying age 


farms.. 


Pullels 3 months old or older not ol laying 


terms 


Hens and pullets sold 


lumber., 
terms 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens 
sold 

2.000 'to 59"999';;-i;i""II";^" 
60.000 to 99,999 



6 597 

183 

6 600 



Turkey hens kept lor breeding terms.. 

Turkeys sold larms.. 

See footnotes at end ol table. 



2 061 

30 

7 538 



104 857 

5 

328 814 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 57 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 







Total 


Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


Other than 


family held 


Other- 
cooperative. 




Total 


10 or less 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


trust, 
institutional, 


CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn tor gram or seed 

Irrigated 

Farms by acres harvested: 


farms.. 

acres.. 

bushels.. 

farms.. 


1 076 
130 234 

9 876 539 
145 

22 314 

327 
403 
217 

154 
11 109 

6 
583 

72 
46 

8 
2 

630 

43 573 

1 827 869 

33 

2 604 

203 
299 

too 

23 

360 

32 642 

1 897 161 

12 

1 346 

1 515 

219 941 

4 143 975 

117 

11 763 

341 
600 
322 
158 
94 

42 

1 559 022 
26 

3 646 

10 
7 
8 
6 

539 

18 341 

43 254 

20 

369 

123 

39 

6 

2 

7 879 

23 895 

13 
365 

317 
43 036 

185 
23 775 

100 
66 
60 


865 

81 127 

5 779 313 

97 

10 023 

290 
347 
157 
47 
24 

113 

5 986 
54 811 

5 
(D) 

59 
34 
16 
3 

496 

29 789 

1 228 310 

23 

1 710 

180 
235 

9 

265 
19 397 

1 099 343 

6 
(D) 

1 270 
148 140 

2 683 608 

82 

6 218 

311 
538 
257 
115 
49 

27 

4 489 

2 110 

9 
6 
5 

465 

12 529 

29 189 

16 

408 

342 
94 

2 

247 

5 739 
16 659 

('o1 

245 
18 380 

134 
10 726 

93 
60 
40 
31 


100 

14 602 

998 486 

7 

(D) 

32 
22 

7 

22 

(D) 
(D) 

9 
6 
6 

190 000 
3 
(D) 

36 

12 
3 

38 

129 
24 122 
496 203 

7 
(D) 

21 
43 
32 
23 
10 

91 
11 464 

86 
3 

38 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

12 
18 

29 

(D) 
(D) 

29 

(D) 

2 

5 


104 

33 871 

3 038 345 

39 

10 833 

9 
19 
36 
23 
17 

18 

3 298 
41 190 

(D) 

5 

67 

9 023 

400 529 

6 

542 

9 
26 
19 

2 

55 

10 136 
593 606 

5 
826 

46 648 
944 831 

4 692 

15 
30 
19 
35 

3 608 

650 841 

8 

1 450 

3 
6 

35 

3 148 
7 373 

(D) 

15 

5 

25 

1 183 

4 466 

(D) 

19 885 
33 

11 005 


101 

33 621 

3 014 245 

38 

(D) 

8 

35 
23 

17 

18 

3 298 
41 190 

(D) 
5 

67 

9 023 

400 529 

542 

9 
26 

55 

10 136 

593 606 

5 

826 

104 

46 233 

934 081 

26 

4 692 

15 
28 
19 
35 

10 

3 608 

650 841 

1 450 

3 
6 

34 
(0) 

(D) 

24 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
32 
(D) 

9 


100 
(D) 
(D) 
37 
(D) 

18 
35 
23 
16 

IB 
3 298 
41 190 

(D) 
5 

67 

400 529 

6 

542 

9 
26 

19 

2 

54 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

103 
(D) 
(D) 
25 
(D) 

15 

35 

10 

3 608 

650 841 

1 450 

3 
6 

34 
(D) 
(D) 
3 
(D) 

5 

24 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
32 
(D) 

9 

17 


3 

250 

24 100 

(D) 

1 
1 

3 

415 

10 750 

2 

: 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


(D) 
(D) 

2 

(D) 
(D] 

2 

(D) 
(D) 

1 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


7 

634 

60 395 

2 

(D) 


25 to 99 acres 


5 


100 to 249 acres 


2 










Com lor silage or green chop 

Irrigated 


acres.. 


i 






100 to 249 acres 




250 to 499 acres - 


: 


Wheat for gram 

Irrigated 

Farms by acres han/ested: 


(arms- 
acres.. 
bushels.. 
farms.. 


9 030 
(D) 
2 


25 to 99 acres 


2 


too to 249 acres 






. 






Barley lor gram 

Irrigated 


farms.. 

acres.. 

bushels.. 
farms.. 


2 
(D) 
(D) 

1 
(D) 


Irrigated 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 


farms;; 


1 031 

19 333 

2 

(D) 




4 






250 to 499 acres 




500 acres or more 




Insh potatoes 

Imgaled 

Farms by acres han/ested: 
1 to 4 9 acres 


farms!; 












1000 to 2499 acres 

250 acres or more 




Hay^allalla. other tame, small gram 
grass silage, green chop, etc (see 

Irngaled --_ - - 


wild. 

ext) .. farms.. 

acres.. 

tons. dry.. 

farms.. 

acres.. 


!S 


25*10 99 acres 








250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 




Alfalfa hay 

Irrigated 

Vegetables harvested lor sale (see t 


farms.. 

tons. dryV. 

farms.. 

acres.. 


IS 

(D) 


acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 4 9 acres 


(D) 


5 to 24 9 acres 






1 











58 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 





Total 


Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


Other than family held 


Other - 
cooperative. 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 


trust, 

institutional. 

etc. 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text)- 
Con 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas. 
harvested for sale farms.. 

Irrigated farmsll 

acres- 


66 
9 851 

45 
5 752 

109 

7 643 

68 

5 739 

36 

1 378 

8 

527 

21 
3 


40 

3 935 

25 

2 353 

80 

3 752 

46 
2 771 

31 

64 

21 
9 


7 

1 320 

5 

565 

(D) 
5 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 


19 

4 596 

15 

2 834 

17 

3 514 

16 
2 749 

3 
623 

46^ 
2 


19 
4 596 

2 834 

16 
(D) 

15 
(D) 

2 

(D) 
2 
(D) 

2 


19 
4 596 

2 834 

15 
(D) 

15 
(0) 

2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 


(D) 
(D) 
, 
(D) 
(D, 


(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


I 


acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Land in orchards farms.. 

acres.. 
Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 


,0, 
(D) 


5 to 24 9 acres 




25 to 99 9 acres 

















1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 59 



Table 50. 

[For meaning of 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

1 symbols, see rntroductory text] 



1987 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales {see text) (arms. 

$1,000. 
Average per (arm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales. 

Less than 51,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999.. 

$20,000 to $24,999... 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999.... 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 10 $249.999 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat __ farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

SI. 000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops... farms. 

SI. 000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

SI. 000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table 

60 DELAWARE 



2 966 
443 575 
149 553 



29 663 

672 
16 536 



3 381 

7 

3 300 



12 181 

68 

9 101 



55 054 

156 

54 729 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[Fof meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 

Ottier occupations 

Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Land in (arms . 



.number., 
percent.. 
...acres.. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PHOUUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) (arms 




$1,000.. 


Farms by value o( sales: 


$1 000 to $2 499 






$10 000 to $19 999 






$40 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 10 $99 999 




$250 000 to $499 999 


$500,000 to $999,999.... 






Sales o( $50,000 or more 

Corn for gram 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 

"""$i%oo;: 


So beans 


$1,000.. 


Sorghum (or grain 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


Oats 


$1,000.. 


Other grains 

Cotton and cottonseed 


$1,000.. 

"""$i%'oo:; 

... farms.. 



Tobacco 

Sales of $50,000 c 



Hay, silage, and (leld seeds , 
Sales of $50,000 or more . 



Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 
Sales of $50,000 or more 



$1,000 

$i,ooo! 

$i,ooo: 



Nursery and greenhoust 
Sales of $50,000 or n 



Other crops 

Sales of $50,000 ! 



Poultry ai 
Sales c 



Dairy products 

Sales o( $50,000 c 



$1,000. 

'si.ooo: 

.. farms. 

$1,000, 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 

.. farms. 
$1,000. 



Cattle and calves farms 

$1,000 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



21 213 

89 

20 977 



22 723 

89 

22 543 



DELAWARE 61 



Table 50. 

[For meaning of 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Total farming 
occupations 



r operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see text) -Con 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

SI, 000. 

Sales of S50.000 or more farms. 

St. 000. 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

SI, 000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of- 

$1 to S4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

SI to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to 599,999 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to S4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms 

$1,000. 
Farms Witti expenses of— 

SI to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural ctiemicals farms 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to S4.999 

$5,000 to 524,999 

$25,000 to 549,999 

550,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4, 999 _. 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

550,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

S1,000. 
Diesel fuel _. farms. 

SI, 000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



62 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 

Other occupations 

Age of operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms 

$1,000 

Sales of S50.000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Stieep. lambs, and wool farms, 

$1,000. 

Sales of $60,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Ottier livestock and livestock products 

$1,000! 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms Vtfith expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$5,000 to $24",99'9 IIIIIIII-I------I--IIII! 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 _. 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to S24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer . . farms 

$1,000. 
Farms v^ith expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to S24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms v^iith expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999.... 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

Diesel fuel farms' 

$1,000. 

Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil, 

grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 63 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ot abbreviattons and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses -Con 

Electricity farms. 

St. 000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

SI to S999 

S1.000 to $4,999 

55,000 to $24.999 , 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

SI. 000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 

Repair and n 

Farms witti expenses ot- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

S5.000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses ot— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



64 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 
















Olher occupations 


Item 


Total 


Age ot operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses-Con. 

Electricity farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


764 
946 

492 
247 
24 

381 
2 638 

253 
105 
21 

2 

73 
384 

8 
37 

935 

1 886 

829 

101 

5 

421 
470 

300 
99 
22 

492 

2 652 

324 
153 

400 
2 196 

74 
184 
129 

13 

148 
456 

56 
21 
3 

282 
1 094 

222 

27 
5 

1 063 

1 056 
6 

1 054 

2 377 

961 
85 
6 




115 
139 

72 
37 
6 

81 
518 

10 

15 
101 

8 
6 

137 
242 

130 

64 
99 

46 
9 
9 

83 
299 

63 
19 

62 
253 

5 
38 
18 

23 
46 

2 
21 

79 
315 

62 

8 
2 

128 
127 

157 
454 

15 


222 

280 

134 
83 
5 

110 
569 

73 
32 
5 

26 

17 
8 

263 

233 
28 
2 

145 

94 
30 
8 

169 
907 

113 
52 

148 
747 

35 
66 

3 

52 

161 

15 
27 
9 

1 

85 
372 

62 
13 
9 

288 

163 

287 

296 
684 


166 
271 

85 
76 

82 
403 

48 
31 
3 

21 
118 

5 
6 
10 

236 
597 

195 
38 
3 

68 
75 

38 
28 
2 

812 
53 
5 

87 
702 

2 
32 
48 

41 
110 

28 
3 
10 

54 
294 

37 
7 
9 

251 
168 

251 

239 
605 

212 
26 


167 
152 

129 
34 

65 
748 

12 
5 

8 
47 

3 

216 
340 

197 
19 

87 
64 

77 

93 
434 

78 

3 

75 
317 

30 
34 

3 

26 

117 

5 
2 

35 
70 

33 

254 
171 

250 
3 

225 
449 

210 
10 


94 
103 

72 


$1 000 to $4 999 


17 




5 






Hired farm labor J^™=- 

S1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 
Sl to S4 999 


43 
21 


$5 000 to $24 999 


20 










Contract labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 


3 


$1 000 to $4 999 


3 










" $i.ooo:: 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


83 
147 


$5 000 to $24 999 


9 










Cuslomwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1.000.. 

$1 to $999 


70 
86 

45 
23 




2 


$25 000 or more 




Interest expense farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


30 
199 

17 




12 






$100 000 or more 




Secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 

$1 000 to $4 999 


28 

2 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 




Not secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


6 
22 

5 


$1 000 to $4 999 






1 






Cash rent farms 


29 


$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses ot- 


42 


$6 000 to $9 999 




$10 000 to $24 999 






1 


Property taxes farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


142 






$10 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 




All other farm production expenses farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses ol- 


137 
184 

130 












1 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 65 



Table 50. 

[For meaning ot 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 





number 




Average pef farm 

Farms with net gains2 


$1.000.. 
-.- dollars.. 

number.. 

rinllars 


65 300 
22 023 

1 695 
45 171 


Gain of- 
Less than $1,000 

$1 000 to $9 999 


129 
442 


$10 000 to $49 999 


787 






Farms with net tosses 




1 270 


Average net loss 

Loss of- 
Less than $1 000 


dollars.. 


8 870 
233 


$1 000 to $9 999 


768 






S50.000 or more 


31 



Government payments 

Other larm-related income' 

Customwork and other agricultural 


$1,000. 

... farms. 

$1,000- 


Gross cash rent or share payments .. 
Forest products and Christmas trees . 
Other farm-related income sources... 


$1,000. 

■■"$i%'oo; 

... farms. 

$1,000. 

... farms. 









farms 


Corn 






$1,000. 








$1,000. 


Soybeans 






$1,000. 


Sorghum, barley, and oa 




$1,000. 

"'$i%'oo; 


Peanuts, rye 


nce.tobac 


0. and honey. 


$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 



Total cropland farms. 



Harvested cropland 


acres.. 
. farms.. 




auL... 


50 to 99 acres 




200 to 499 acres 








Cropland; 
Pasture or grazing only 

In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 


. farms.. 


On which all crops failed 


. farms.. 




. famli: 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end 

66 DELAWARE 



acres., 
farms.. 



6 803 
2 726 



(D) 

52 

2 965 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Other occupatic 



Age of operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 




Average per farm 


$1,0D0__ 




rinllar<; 


Gainol- 


$1,000 to $9,999 


$10 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 or more 




Average net loss 


...dollars- 


$1,000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 


$50,000 or more 







farms 


other farm-related income' 




$1.000.. 
farms 


Customwork and other agricultural 


$1.000.. 


Gross cash rent or share payments ... 
Forest products and Christmas trees .. 


$1.000.. 

.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.. farms- 

$1.000.. 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 




$1.000.. 
farms 


Corn 




$1.000.. 


Wheat 




$1.000.. 
(arms 






$1.000.. 


Sorghum, barley, and oats 




$1.000.. 

"$i.ooo;i 


Peanuts, rye. nee. tobacco, and 


honey. 


$1.000.. 
"'$1,000- 



Total cropland 

Han/ested cropland 


. farms., 
acres.. 










1 to 49 acres 




50 to 99 acres 






500 to 999 acres 


1 .000 to 1 999 acres 




Cropland; 




Pasture or grazing only 


. farms.. 




acres.. 


In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 




improvement grasses, not harvested 




and not pastured 


. farms.- 




acres 


On which all crops failed 


. farms.. 




acres . 


In cultivated summer fallow.. 


. farms.. 












Woodland pastured farms" 




acres 


Woodland not pastured 


. farms.. 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



21 785 

221 

18 553 



DELAWARE 67 



Table 50. 

[For meaning o 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con 



abbreviations ; 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age of operator | 



Paslureland < 

Land m fiouse lots, ponds. 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs farms. 



onservation reserve program 

ue of land and buildings' 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 

arms by value group: 
$1 fo S39 999 


acres. - 

farms.- 

acres. - 

farms.. 

$1.000.. 

'-'.'.'.'.dollars'.'. 






$100,000 10 S149,999 


S150 000 to $199 999 


$200,000 to $499,999 


$500,000 to $999 999 






S5.000 000 or more 



: by value group: 



$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 







Wfieel tractors 


number, 
farms 


Less Ifian 40 tiorsepower (PTO) ... 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more 

Gram and bean combines 

Cottonpickers and strippers 


number. 
farms. 

number. 
farms. 

farms. 

number. 
..... farms. 

number. 
farms. 

number, 
farms 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer 

acres on 


number. 

farms. 

which used. 


acres on 

Insects on hay and other crops 

acres on 

Nematodes in crops 

acres on 

Diseases in crops and orchards.... 
acres on 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 


which used. 

farms. 

which used. 

which used! 

farms. 

which used. 


Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of Iruit .. 

acres on 

See footnotes at end of table 


which used, 
"which usedi 



2 965 
369 751 



2 606 

6 003 
2 630 

7 128 



12 225 

214 

23 904 



(D) 

127 
25 369 



7 517 
(D) 



68 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. 

[For meaning oi 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



abbreviations ; 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs farms. 

Conservation reserve program farms. 



Value of land and buildings' ._._ 

Average per farnn 


.- farms.. 

$1,000.. 

..dollars.. 


'%7]o%t9"i,':°"':. .._.. 




$70 000 to S99 999 


$100 000 lo S149 999 




$200 000 to $499 999 


$500 000 to $999 999 






$5 000 000 or more 


VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 




Farms by value group: 
$1 to $4 999 


$1.000.. 






$20 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 to $99 999 




$200 000 to $499 999 


$500,000 or more 



Motortrucks, including pickups farms 

Wlieel tractors farms 

Less tfian 40 horsepower (PTO) farms' 

40 tiorsepower (PTO) or more farms. 



Cottonpickers and strippers., 

flower conditioners 

Pickup balers 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 
Commercial ferlilizer 



farms.. 

acres on v»hicfi used- 
acres on which used. . 



, granules, fumigants, 



Diseases in crops an< 



Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit U 

acres on which i 
See footnotes at end of table 



229 392 

194 895 

2 083 



33 547 

176 563 

2 012 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 69 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age ol operator (years) 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 

Full owners 

Part owners --- 

Tenants 

Full owners --- 

Part owners 

Black and other races 

Full owners 

Pan owners 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned larms. 

Owned land in farms farms. 

Land rented or leased from others farms. 

Rented or leased land in farms farms. 

Land rented or leased to others farms. 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 
None 

1 to 99 days 

100 10 199 days 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 
2 years or less. 

5 to 9 years... 

10 years or more ,, 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years _ 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 
Male 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 

Partnership farms. 

Corporation: 
Family held farms. 

tufore than 10 stockholders farms, 

10 or less stockholders farms 

Other than family held farms 

l^ore than 10 stockholders farms 

10 or less stockholders farms 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc farms 

See footnotes at end ol table 

70 DELAWARE 



285 163 
282 932 



280 488 

1 607 

258 330 



27 941 

115 

27 655 



64 211 

30 

15 796 



55 410 

153 

54 944 



(D) 

24 

7 527 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 

Other occupations 

Age of operator (years) 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farms. 



sed from others . 
I land in farms .. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place i 
On farm operated ... 
Not on farm operated 
Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation; 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 



1 00 to 1 99 days . 
200 days or more 



Operators by years on present farm: 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 



bti to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over . 
Average age 



Operators of Spanish ongin ( 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 
Partnership 



Other than family f 



acres. 



79 664 
1 075 
66 983 

367 
32 359 

366 
32 270 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



24 386 

. 242 

20 278 

58 
3 871 

58 
3 871 



DELAWARE 71 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductorv text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres 

70 10 99 acres lll'll\ll'.l\^m[[^l^l^\^l^l 

180 to 219 acres ---'--Illlimillllllll"""]'! 

220 to 259 acres ._.. 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres _.. 

1.000 to 1.999 acres _ 

2.000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Insh 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, n e,c (0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlols (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

='oultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

battle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 

10 to 49"""'"";""";;;".;i;^]];";i^; 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 
Beef cows farms- 
Farms with — 

10 to 49"^;;;;;;;;"";;"^;"";;;;:;: 
50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

fy^ilk cows farms. 

5 to 9 "I"""i;i^]'"'^I]I]]^^""]]! 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199... 

200 to 499-. - 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

si.ooo' 

Calves farms, 

number 
SI.OOO 

Cattle farms 

number 
SI.OOO 
Fattened on gram 



Total farminc 
occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



72 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text| 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 10 99 acres 

100 10 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres --- 

220 10 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres ..- 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 10 1,999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 

potatoes; field crops, except cash 

grains, nee, (0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) _. 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy (arms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms Vk'ilh — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

Beef cov^s farms. 

number. 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with — 

5 to 9 i;";i";iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii;;;;il; 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms- 
number, 
SI. 000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Cattle farms- 

si,ooo! 

Fattened on gram and concentrates... farms. 

$i,ooo! 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 73 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see mlroduclory text] 



Total farming 
occupations 



f operator (years) 



LIVESTOCK-Con 

Hogs and pigs inventor 



farms. 



Hogs and pigs sold . 
Feeder pigs 



number.. 
SI. 000.. 



I Nov 30 

bs of all ages inventory.. 



Sheep and lambs sold 

Sheep and lambs shorn 

Horses and ponies inventory. 

Horses and pontes sold 

Goals inventory 

Goats sold 



farms. 

farms. 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 mc 
Farms with- 



inventory .. farms.. 



400 to 3 1 99 






20,000 to 49,999 


50 000 to 99 999 




Hens and pullets of laying age-_ 


of laying 


farms- 
number.. 


Hens and oullets sold 




number., 
farms. 



Broilers and other meat-type chicl<ens 
sold 


farms 


Farms with- 


number.. 


2,000 to 59 999 


60 000 to 99 999 




Turkey hens kept for breeding 

Turkeys sold 


... farms.. 



189 659 

88 

855 260 



176 310 

57 

757 759 



74 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see intfoductory text] 



1987-Con. 



other occupations 



Age ol operator (years) 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms. 

Farms witti — 

1 to 24 

25 to 49.... 

50 to 99 

100 to 199.... 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms. 

number. 
Olfier farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

SI.000; 
Feeder pigs farms. 

$1,000! 

Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee 1 of preceding year and Nov 30 ... farms. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms. 

June 1 and Nov 30 farms. 

Sfieep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

number. 
Ewes 1 year old or older farms. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 
Sheep and lambs sfiorn farms. 

number, 
pounds of wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

number. 
Goals sold farms. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms, 
number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 lo 3.199 

3,200 to 9.999 

10.000 10 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 10 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 

age farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets sold farms. 

Broilers and other meal-type chickens 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59,999 

60.000 to 99,999 

100.000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



13 349 
97 501 



13 025 

8 

50 645 



15 981 776 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 75 



Table 50. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987- 

s. see introductory text] 



Con. 



abbreviations i 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age ol operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for gram or seed farms 

Irrigated farms 

acres 

Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green ctiop farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wheat for gram farms. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

100 to 249 acres- 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more _ 

Barley for gram farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irngated farms. 

Soybeans tor beans farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Irish potatoes _ farms. 

Irrigated _ farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

5 to 24,9 acres"";"";;;;".;i;;i;ii;i"": 

25.0 to 999 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres.-.. 

250 acres or more 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc, (see text) .. farms. 

tons, dry: 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text) ... farms. 

Irrigated farms, 

acres. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres 

250 to 99,9 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres. 

2500 acres or more 

Id of table 



569 022 

26 

3 646 



76 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

(For meaning of i 



1987-Con. 



other occupations 



Age of operator (year; 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn lor gram or seed farms_. 

acres.. 

Irrigated -- larms-. 

Farms by acres harvested; 

1 to 24 acres -- 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres — 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more... 

Corn for silage or green chop farms.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wheat for gram farms.. 

Irngated farms.. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

100 to 249 acres'.'.'.'.'.'.'-'.'.'-- 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley for gram farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irngated farms. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated -. farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Irish potatoes farms. 

cwt. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres 

250 to 99.9 acres 

100,0 to 249.9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms. 

tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay -. farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

1000 to 249.9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Id of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 77 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols. 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Vegetables tiarvesled lor sale (see text)- 
Con 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas. 
harvested for sale farms 

Irngated farms 

Sweet corn tiarvesled for sale (arms 

acres 
Irrigated farms 

acres. 

Irrigated (arms, 

acres. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres; 

1 to 49 acres 

5,0 to 24,9 acres 

250 to 999 acres 

100 to 249,9 acres 

250 acres or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



7 643 

68 

5 739 



78 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Vegetables harvested for sale {see text)— 
Con. 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas. 



acres. 



Sweet corn 
Irrigated . 



and in orchards 


... farms., 
acres.. 


Farms by bearing and nonbeanng acr 


Bs: ^"^'" 




25 to 99 9 acres 


100 to 249 9 acres 


2500 acres or more 



f agncultural products sold < 



i farms with gains of I 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 79 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



f abbreviations c 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

percent. 

Land in (arms - - acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2.499 

$2,500 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grams farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for gram farms. 

SI. 000. 
Wheat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorgtlum for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

51,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

31,000. 

Nursery and greentiouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

51,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

51,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table 

80 DELAWARE 



2 966 

100 

608 245 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Total sales (see text) 

Average per farm 


- farms- 
Si. 000.. 
dollars.. 


Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text) 












$25,000 to $39,999 


$40 000 10 $49 999 


$50 000 to $99 999 


$100,000 to $249,999 


$250,000 to $499,999 

$500 000 to $999 999 




Grains 




Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Corn for grain 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Soybeans 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 


Sorghum for grain .__ 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Other grains 


$1.000.. 


Cotton and cotlonseed 


farms 




$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 


Tobacco 


farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Hay, silage, and field seeds 

Sales of S50,000 or more 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Vegetables, sweet corn, and melon 
Sales of $50,000 or more 


s .... farms.. 
$1,000.. 

$i.ooo;i 


Fruits, nuts, and berries 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


"""'"$i%'oo:: 
$i.oooi; 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 


$i%'oo'; 




$1,000.. 


Other crops 


farms 




SI, 000.. 




$1,000.. 




farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Dairy products _. 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 81 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) — Con 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

S 1.000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

S 1.000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

SI. 000. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total tarm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per larm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

SI to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

SI, 000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to S24.999 

S25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more ., 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

lilizer farms. 

SI, 000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

S25.000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

S50.000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

S1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to S24.999 

$25,000 to S49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



11 197 

1 447 



82 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51 

[For meaning of abbreviations 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

symbols, 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)— Con 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of S50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep. Iaml)s. and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Otfler livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES^ 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 10 $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals... farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 10 $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 10 $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to 549.999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 

grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
Id of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 83 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

|For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see mtroduclory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses-Con 

Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

Sl to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms- 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1,000 to $4^[l[[[l[llllll[ll[limi^ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more .__ 

Customworl^, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99,999.- 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms- 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farmS- 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$5,000 to $9,999'";;i;;;;;;i;;;;";;^;;;! 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms- 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999. 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



84 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

[For meaning o' 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electricity farms 

$1,000 
Farms with expenses of— 

S1 to S999- -, 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor .._ _. farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

SI to S4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 ^ --. 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance __ ___ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to S999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999-_. 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

SI .000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 10 $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 _. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 --.- 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 _. 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more _... 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 85 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm. 

■arms with net gains= 
Average net gain .. 

Gain of- 



$10,000 to $49,999. 



Less than $1.000. __ 
$1,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $49,999. 



Government 
Other farm-ri 



Forest products and Chnstmas t 
Other farm-related income sourc 













$1,000. 












$1,000. 












$1,000. 


Sorghum 


barley. 


and oats. 




$1,000. 

.. farms 
$1,000 


Peanuts, 


.e 


rice 


tobacco 


and honey. 


$1,000. 

.. farms 

$1,000 



Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 49 acres 


farms" 


50 to 99 acres 






500 to 999 acres 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 


2.000 acres or more 

Cropland: 
Pasture or grazing only 

In cover crops, legumes, and soi 
improvement grasses, not haree 
and not pastured 

On which all crops failed 

In cullivaled summer fallow 


farms- 
acres.. 

sted 
farms.. 

farmsi; 

acres.. 
farms.. 



Total V 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end 

86 DELAWARE 



2 397 
501 290 

2 172 
441 502 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

(For meaning ol 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 




Average per (arm.. 

Farms with net gains', ._ 


$1,000.. 
...dollars.. 

..number.. 


Gain of- 
Less than SI 000 
















Less man SI 000 











nts 


farms 




ncome' 


$1,000. 


Customwork and 


other agricultural 


$1,000. 


Gross cash rent c 
Forest products a 
Other farm-relate 


r share payments . 
nd Christmas trees 


$1,000. 

... farms. 

$1,000. 
... (arms. 

$1,000. 






$1,000. 



COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total (arms. 

$1,000. 
Corn (arms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat (arms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans (arms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats (arms. 

$1,000. 
Cotton (arms. 

$1,000. 
Peanuts, rye. nee. tobacco, and honey... farms. 

$1,000. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland (arms. 

acres. 
Harvested cropland (arms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

too to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 

Cropland; 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres- 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured (arms. 

On v^hich all crops (ailed (arms, 

In cultivated summer fallow farms. 

Tolal woodland (arms. 

acres. 
Woodland pastured farms. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms. 

See 



86 898 

285 

77 499 



12 215 

15 

1 106 

90 

11 109 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 87 



Table 51 Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



cropland and woodland pastured . 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

Conservation reserve program 



■arms by value group: 
$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to 569,999 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $149,999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



,. farms. 
$1,000. 
-dollars. 



$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more .... 



fvlotortrucks. 



tfheel tractors farms. 

number. 
Less than 40 tiorsepower (PTO) farms. 

number, 
40 tiorsepower (PTO) or more farms. 



Cottonpic 
rvlower C{ 
Pickup bi 



ippers farms. 



farms. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALSi 
Commercial fertilizer farms 



Sprays. 



granules, fumigants. etc . 



Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Diseases in crops and orchards farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 
pasture farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 



12 225 

214 

23 904 



30 500 

170 391 

2 976 



88 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



$70,000 to S99,99t 
$100,000 to $149.; 
$150,000 to $199,; 



t value of all machinery 



Farms by value group 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 --- 



Motortrucks, including pickups 

Wheel tractors 


.... farms.. 

number.. 

farms 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) ._. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more 

Grain and bean combines 

Cottonpickers and stnppers 

Mower conditioners 


number.. 
.... farms.. 

number.. 
.... farms.. 

number.. 

.... farms.. 

.... farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICAI S' 
Comrrercial femlizer 

Lime 


number., 
'which usedi; 


Sprays, dusts, granules, lumigants. etc 

Insects on hay and other crops .... 

acres on 

Nematodes in crops _._ 


which used., 
tons.. 

farms.- 

which used.. 

farms.. 

which used.. 


acres on 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 


which used.- 


Chemicals lor defoliation or lor growth 




which used.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 89 



Table 51. 

(For meaning o 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

bbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 



Tenants 

Black and other i 



Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farms.. 



Land rented or leased from others 
Rented or leased land in farms _ 

Land rented or leased to others... 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of res 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated . 
Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation 
Other ."[^^\\[l\\"\\"[\[ 



Operators by days of work off farm 



1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days... 
200 days or more . 



Not reported 

Operators by years ( 



Average years on present farm . 
Not reported 



50 to 54 years . 

55 to 59 years . 
60 to 64 years . 
65 to 69 years . 
70 years and ov 
Average age . 



Operators by sex: 
fylale 

Operators of Spanish origin (s^ 



orporation: 




More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


More than 
10 or less 


10 stockholders 



Other-cooperative, estate or 
See footnotes at end 

90 DELAWARE 



2 691 
360 152 

2 682 
325 313 



3 991 

175 

3 442 



17 946 

206 

13 758 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size Of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Item 


140 to 179 


180 to 219 


220 to 259 


260 to 499 
acres 


500 to 999 
acres 


1,000 to 1,999 
acres 


2.000 acres or 
more 


TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 


















All ODeralors 




143 
74 
46 
21 


117 
46 
54 


76 
34 
33 
9 


286 

173 
33 


188 
28 

136 
24 


100 
8 
81 


28 




1 


Pari owners 


24 


Tenants — 




3 






73 
21 


116 
46 
53 
17 


76 
34 
33 
9 


170 
33 


27 
136 
24 


100 
81 






1 


Pan owners 


24 






3 






2 


I 




3 
3 


I 


: 


_ 






Part owners 








OWNED AND RENTED LAND 






Land owned 

Owned land in farms 


. farms- 
acres.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 


123 
17 472 

122 
15 581 


101 
16 936 

100 
14 496 


67 
13 455 

67 
12 456 


255 
62 931 

255 
60 116 


164 
63 573 

164 
60 441 


63 642 
52 681 


26 

48 847 

25 

48 356 


Land rented or leased from others 

Rented or leased land in larms 


. farms.. 

acres.. 

. farms.. 


69 
7 103 

69 
7 103 


71 
8 937 

8 937 


42 

5 586 

42 

5 581 


208 
44 319 

206 
43 896 


160 
70 104 

69 955 


80 521 

92 

80 521 


27 
49 447 

27 
48 865 


Land rented or leased to others 


- farms., 
acres.. 


24 


10 
2 440 


1 004 


22 
3 238 


10 
3 281 


961 


1 073 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 


















° On^'arm opelltld"! .'.^.^!'^.^"^^ 




116 
19 
8 

108 
35 


31 
3 

86 
31 


63 
9 


225 
46 


30 


78 

12 


21 








58 


235 
53 


163 
25 


93 




Other ^::;:;:;::::;::::::;::::::::: 






Operators by days ot work off farm; 
None 




67 
60 
12 
5 
43 


55 

9 
17 
22 


35 
23 
2 
8 
13 


155 
109 
21 
23 
65 


58 
28 

26 


58 
27 
13 

10 


26 


1 io99dVys";;;;"";";"";"""""];i; 

1 00 to 199 days 


2 


200 days or more 


^ 


2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years ._ 


5 

90 
21-5 


8 
17 
72 


5 

6 
47 


7 
13 
19 


5 
18 
130 


3 

6 
64 


23 














47 


29 


23 




Operators by age group: 


19 
26 
5 
25 


15 
20 
7 
13 


15 


2 

48 
29 


21 
49 
18 


9 
25 
17 

9 




25 to 34 years _.._ 

35 to 44 years 


5 


45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 


2 


60 to 64 years ;;;ii"i"i;;i;ii;;""^;i;;i;i; 

65 to 69 years 


22 
12 

17 


20 

12 
10 


6 

u 


32 
43 
34 


24 
29 

14 


15 
15 

2 


7 
5 




1 






Operators by sex: 
Femate 




135 
8 


6 


71 

5 


279 
9 


182 
6 


1 


28 








2 






, 


, 




FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 


















Individual or family (sole proprietorship) .. 


.. farms.. 


124 

19 660 

15 

2 404 

2 
(D) 

2 


101 
20 135 

1 856 

7 


67 

15 925 

1 182 

3 
(D) 

3 


238 

85 259 

21 

7 984 

24 

8 872 

24 


132 

89 054 

32 

23 540 

23 
(D) 

23 


56 

75 177 

9 

11 985 

35 
46 040 

35 


9 
23 616 


Corporation 

Family held 

More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


.. farms-I 
.. farms.. 


8 805 

16 
64 800 

15 


Other than family held 


"" acres- 


2 

(D) 


: 


(D) 


2 

(D) 

2 

3 
(D) 


(D) 






10 or less stockholders 


farms 




Other -cooperative, estate or trust. 













I end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 91 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

i symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

100 to 139 aaes\"^\"""[\\[[["l^ll^l[l 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres... 

2,000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 

grains, n'e c (0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beel cattle, except leedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Covus and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

1 to 9 

10 to 49. 

100 to 199lIIIIIIIIIIIIIi;i]^;;;]^;;;^ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms. 

Farms with- 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Cattle farms. 

$1,000^ 
Fattened on gram and concentrates ... (arms 

See footnotes at end of table 



92 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres [l\[["l"[[[[l'.l["[l[l[l"""l 

70 to 99 acres 

100 10 139 acres...- 

140 to 179 acres -. 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres.... 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres _ 

1,000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains. n,e c (0133. 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) __. 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. . 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms.. 

Beef cows farms.. 

10 to 49";'iii::;i;i;;i;;;;;;;i;"";;: 
50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms.. 

number.. 

5 to 9 ll^l^~lim^mil[^ll\^l^lll 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

200 to 499"]i;"i;;i;i;;i;;"'"]""]! 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. , 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms- 
Cattle and calves sold farms. 

$1,000^ 
Calves farms. 

si.ooo] 

Cattle farms- 
number. 
$1,000. 
Fattened on gram and concentrates... farms. 
number- 
$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 93 



Table 51. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Size of Farm: 

I symbols, 



1987-Con 



LIVESTOCK-Con 



Hogs anc 


pigs inventory 


larms-- 


Farms with- 










50 10 


99 




100 


199 










500 








r to be used (or breeding ... 


farms.. 


Other 




farms.. 


Hogs and 


pigs sold 

Dias - . .. 


number.. 

farms.. 

number.. 

SI ,000.. 

farms.. 



Dec. 1 and May 31 



Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory.. 
Ewes 1 year old or older .__ _, 



Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

Sheep and lambs shorn I 

pounds of wool. 

Horses and pomes inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

Goats sold farms. 



POULTRY 



inventory __ farms. 



400 to 3 1 99 






20.000 to 49 999 


50 000 to 99 999 


100 000 or more 




farms 


Pullets 3 months old or older not 


number., 
of laying 


Hens and pullets sold 


number.. 
farms.. 



Broilers and other meat-t 



Farms with- 
1 to 1.999.. 
2.000 to 59.S 



Turkey hens kept for breeding farrr 

Turkeys sold tarn" 

at end of table 



109 600 

10 055 

74 

30 594 



64 900 

35 

348 470 



94 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



LIVESTOCK -Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms, 

number. 
Farms witri — 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 ___ 

50 to 99. --. 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms. 

number. 
Ottier _ farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms- 
number. 
SI. 000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee. 1 of preceding year and Nov 30 __. farms- 
Dec. 1 and May 31 farms. 

June 1 and Nov, 30 farms. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number, 
pounds of wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

number. 
Horses and ponies sold farms. 

number. 
Goats inventory farms. 

number. 
Goats sold. farms. 

number. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ._ farms. 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3.200 to 9,999 

10.000 to 19.999 

20.000 to 49.999 

50.000 to 99.999 ___. 

100,000 or more -._ 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms. 

Hens and pullets sold farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

Turkeys sold farms. 

See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 95 



Table 51. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, s 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for gram or seed farms, 

bushels. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres fiarvested: 

25 to 99 aaesl\l[\l\l[[Vi[l"ll"'ll[l[[l 

100 to 249 acres _ 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green cfiop farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated --- farms. 

25 to 99 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 

100 to 249 acres I . 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley for gram farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated _ farms. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Insh potatoes farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Farms by acres harvested 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24,9 acres 

25.0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more __. 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc (see text) _. farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres -- 

25 to 99 acres .__ 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

irrigated farms. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres 
0-1 to 4 9 acres .. 
6 to 24 9 acres . 
25 to 99 9 acres 
100 10 249,9 acn 
250 acres or moi 
See footnotes 



79 483 
(D) 



14 580 
(D) 



96 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn lor gram or seed farms, 

acres. 

Irngated farms. 

Farms by acres tiarvested: 

1 10 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

tons, green. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

25 to 99 acres";;;;;;;;;;;;";;;ii;;;."i;;; 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wheat for grain farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated _ _ farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley for gram farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

Soybeans for beans ._ farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Irish potatoes farms. 

acres, 
cwt. 

irrigated .., farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

5.0 to 24,9 acres"-;i;;;i;;;;;;;;";;;;;^M 

250 to 99,9 acres.- 

100,0 to 249,9 acres... 

250,0 acres or more ___ 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild. 

grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms. 

acres. 

tons. dry. 

Irngated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms, 
acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5,0 to 24 9 acres. 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100 to 249,9 acres 

250-0 acres or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



059 616 

15 

2 776 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 97 



Table 51 Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning o( abbrevialions and symbols, see introductory text) 












Item 


Total 


1 10 9 


10 to 49 


50 to 69 


70 to 99 


100 to 139 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Vegetables harvested lor sale (see text)- 
Con 

Greer peas, excluding green cowpeas, 
han/ested lor sale larms.. 

Irrigated \ams'.'. 

acres.. 

Sweet corn tiarvesled for sale farms.. 


66 
9 851 

45 
5 752 

109 

7 643 

68 

5 739 

36 

1 378 

8 

527 

21 
3 


2 

(D) 

<d1 
e 

21 
(D) 

6 
20 

2 


2 
(Dl 

24 
(D) 
10 
61 

10 
10 


(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

6 
(D) 

3 
3 


(D) 
(D) 

: 


(D) 
(D) 

8 
279 




105 


Irrigated farms^I 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 
0.1 to 4.9 acres 


25 
3 
24 

3 
2 


25.0 to 99,9 acres 

1 00 to 249 9 acres 











98 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

[For meaning oi 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see texl)- 
Con 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas. 







farms 






acres- 
farms- - 


Sweet corn harvested tor sa 


e 


.__ farms.. 
acres. - 
farms 


Land in orchards 




acres.. 
... farms.. 


Farms by bearing and nonb 


aring acr 


es: ^"^^" 


5 to 24 9 acres 









t value of agricultural products sold < 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 99 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than S1.000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 10 $99.999 

$100,000 to $249.999 

$250,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains.. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wtieat. farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

$1,000^ 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
See 



6 641 
6 641 

23 
64 722 

23 
64 722 



9 629 
9 629 



2 350 

8 

2 344 



100 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Total sales (see text) 

Average per larm 


'"'si^oo" 

..-dollars.. 


Farms by value ol sales: 
Less than S1.000 (see text) 






S5 000 to S9 999 






S25 000 to S39 999 








$250 000 to $499 999 








farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Corn for grain 

Wfieat 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum for gram 


"■"$ifloo:: 


Oats 


$1.000.. 
farms 


Other grains 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 

Sales ol $50 000 or more 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 






Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Hay. silage, and field seeds .._ 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 


Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 






$1,000.. 


Fruits, nuts, and berries 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


"'"$i%'oo" 

... farms.. 
$1.000.. 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 






Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 




farms 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 






Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Cattle and calves 


""$i,ooo;; 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 101 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con 



[For meaning ol abbreviatu 



I symbols, see introductory text) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD- Con 

Total sales (see Iext)-Con 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

St, 000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more ._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

st.ooo! 

Oltier livestock and livestoci; products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total (arm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars- 
Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms wlh expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural cinemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999-.- 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms wilfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel (arms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table 



2 286 

I 731 



2 966 
377 102 
127 184 



102 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



|For meaning of abbreviations and symbo 


s, see introductory text] 












Item 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 10 
$19,999 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)-Con. 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 

'$i%oo:: 

. farms.. 

$1,000-. 
. farms.. 

$1,000.. 

. farms.. 
$1,000.. 

'$1%00^; 

"$i,ooo" 

.dollars.. 

'$i,oooI'. 


27 
191 

3 
(D) 

(D) 

127 
4 057 
31 942 

40 
207 

23 

52 

360 

37 

39 
247 

15 
23 

106 
375 

22 
56 
28 

95 
370 

67 
28 

107 
38 

126 
271 

118 
8 

109 
104 
99 
125 

103 
43 


47 

42 

45 
1 039 
23 099 

14 

2 
2 

10 

1 
(D) 

43 

17 
25 

34 
20 

37 
104 

9 

45 
76 

42 
29 
28 

(0) 
(D) 


25 
202 

4 
(D) 

24 
104 

217 
3 602 
16 597 

89 

36 
8 

66 
371 

39 
27 

23 
(D) 

3 

184 
266 

66 

117 

178 
684 

40 

168 
432 

146 
22 

216 
251 

215 

1 

188 
158 
138 
70 

2 

160 
21 


32 
122 

8 
(D) 

25 

279 
2 656 
9 521 

35 
68 

33 
2 

65 
62 

65 

31 
21 

31 

217 

130 
87 

223 
455 

207 
16 

247 
487 

224 
23 

272 

255 

272 

223 

187 
107 

199 
35 


26 
66 

31 
68 

1 734 
6 085 

110 
69 

75 
75 

33 

(D) 

207 
104 

21 

241 
240 

241 

202 
204 

202 

284 
163 

269 

119 
33 

113 
16 


25 






Sheep, lambs, and wool — _ 

Sales of $50,000 or more 

Ottier livestock and livestock products 


12 
6 

50 






FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses 

Average per farm 

Livestock and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses of- 


535 
2 233 

70 
91 

70 




- 






$100 000 or more 




Feed tor livestock and poultry 

Farms with expenses of- 


"$i,oooi; 


197 
208 

193 




4 






SIOOOOO or more 




Commercially mixed formula feeds .. 
Farms with expenses of- 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


88 
43 

88 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $79 999 








Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


306 
83 

306 


Sl 000 to $4 999 




$5 000 to $24 999 








Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5 000 to $24 999 


"si^oo" 


291 
133 

291 


$25 000 to $49 999 






- 


Agricultural chemicals 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$6 000 to S24 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


327 
121 

327 


$25 000 to $49 999 






- 


Petroleum products 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


474 
197 

474 






$25 000 to $49 999 




$50 000 or more 




Gasoline and gasohol 

Diesel fuel 

Natural gas 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc 


.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 

"$i%oo:: 


455 
143 
134 

31 
2 

(D 

201 
{D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 103 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



introductory text] 







All farms 


$500,000 or more 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 






$1,000,000 
or more 


Total 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total (arm production expenses-Con 
Electncity 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


2 195 

4 862 

I 085 
942 
151 

1 254 
22 788 

646 
440 

133 
35 

364 

5 798 

161 
134 
28 

2 481 

11 739 

1 939 
455 
67 

1 192 

2 445 

672 

406 

106 

8 

1 415 

713 
580 
110 
12 

1 205 

12 415 

139 
463 
505 

500 

2 457 

189 

15 

972 

II 089 

582 
103 

103 

2 724 
2 591 

2 666 
42 
12 

2 813 
15 758 

2 271 
442 

50 
50 


37 

1 039 

2 

22 

13 

37 
9 343 

2 

5 

14 
3 162 

6 

7 

37 

2 534 

9 
10 

18 
342 

2 

8 

35 

3 363 

3 
7 

29 
2 725 

5 
23 

12 
637 

1 
6 

23 
2 330 

2 
3 

36 
207 

24 
6 

5 

38 
4 204 

13 
6 
18 


154 
1 816 

5 
51 
82 
16 

151 
13 993 

16 
55 

33 
75 

145 

4 229 

39 
54 
32 
20 

72 
603 

12 
32 
23 

5 

139 
6 203 

20 
49 
58 
12 

129 

5 265 

2 
63 

35 
938 

6 
2 

17 
10 

18 
6 

151 
506 

121 
21 

a 

156 

7 161 

36 
67 
16 
37 


375 

1 192 

13 
326 
36 

281 
3 906 

159 
45 

135 

5 
50 

366 

2 259 

214 
134 
18 

149 
470 

48 

25 
2 

291 

3 299 

83 
179 
29 

265 

2 838 

5 
81 
156 
23 

97 
461 

25 
35 
36 

129 
1 838 

54 
20 
32 
23 

378 
450 

7 
2 

386 

3 070 

231 
17 


523 

1 182 

83 
418 
21 

2 957 

170 
94 
36 

2 

84 
433 

16 
37 
28 
3 

498 
2 616 

339 
142 
17 

242 

504 

136 
74 
31 

369 
2 851 

158 
194 

326 

36 

164 
9 

126 

570 

39 
3 

176 
2 152 

101 
16 
32 
27 

549 
536 

537 
10 

572 
2 979 

386 

175 

8 

3 


241 

129 
58 
12 

158 
1 020 

86 
69 

37 
114 

25 

249 
959 

169 

100 
203 

43 
47 
10 

153 

87 
62 

130 
831 

19 
58 
51 
2 

61 
250 

6 

1 206 

23 
37 
12 

258 
241 

256 

265 

1 085 

209 


74 
54 

56 










S25 000 or more 








66 


Farms w(tti expenses of- 


$1.000.. 


54 






$25 000 to $99 999 




$100 000 or more 




Contract labor 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 toS999 


.. larms.. 
$1,000.. 


2 

(D) 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 




Repair and maintenance 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


94 
315 

89 






S25 000 to $49 999 




$50 000 or more 




Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 


59 


Farms with expenses ot- 
$1 to $999 

$1 000 to $4 999 


$1.000.. 


25 
24 


$5 000 to $24 999 








Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


29 
161 

19 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $99 999 








Secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


27 
118 

6 














Not secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of- 


"'$i%oo:: 


43 










$25 000 or more 




Cash rent 

Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


585 
29 










$25 000 or more 




Property taxes 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


"$1,000". 


87 








1 






All other farm production expenses... 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


98 
270 

87 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $49 999 




$50000 or more . 


- 



104 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



- 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


$5,000 to 


$2,500 to 


Less than 
$2,500 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses-Con 
Electricity 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


100 
90 

77 
23 

48 
225 

28 
20 

z 

2 

250 

74 
20 

36 
88 

15 

61 
379 

27 

58 
351 

2 
29 
27 

25 
27 

19 
6 

67 
655 

22 

39 

102 
83 

101 

126 
302 

121 
5 


39 
19 

36 
3 

18 
88 

9 
9 

(D) 

45 

(D) 
13 

26 
92 

8 

68 

8 
6 

20 
24 

17 
2 

17 
90 

2 

36 
24 

36 

45 
38 


173 

155 
18 

67 

177 

19 
(D) 

158 
301 

142 
16 

120 
185 

56 

69 

193 

34 
150 

12 
13 

53 
43 

42 
10 

87 

85 
2 

184 
156 

217 
223 

216 


177 

169 
8 

75 

61 
5 

10 
29 

2 

8 

216 
232 

215 

107 
80 

70 
37 

101 
178 

95 
6 

67 
126 

19 
42 
6 

40 
52 

16 
24 

97 
195 

96 

241 

116 

241 

262 

173 

261 


151 
55 

138 
13 

34 
38 

34 
(D) 

224 
182 

222 
2 

113 
81 

92 
21 

51 
95 

50 

34 

26 

25 

10 

77 
121 

67 
10 

258 
124 

258 

248 
154 

248 


230 
58 

224 














Hired larrr labor.. 

Farms wilti expenses ol- 
S1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.- 


80 
63 










$100,000 or more 




Contract labor 

Farms witti expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


"$i,ooo;; 


8 














Repair and maintenance 

Farms witti expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


■Vi%og;: 


392 
320 

391 










$50,000 or more 




Customwork, machine hire, and rental c 
Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


180 
73 






$5,000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 




Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


126 
342 






$25 000 to $99 999 




$100 000 or more 










Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 

$1 000 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 


319 

35 
61 


$5 000 to $24 999 


25 






Not secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


23 
1 


$1 000 to $4 999 


13 










Cash rent. 

$1 to"$4,99'9 

$5,000 to $9,999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


91 
64 

91 








480 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


251 


$5 000 to $9 999 




$10 000 to $24 999 








All other larm production expenses... 
Farms with expenses of- 


"$i%oo" 


438 
198 






$25,000 to $49 999 




$50,000 or more 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 105 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inltoduclory text] 



1987-Con. 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 




Average per farm.. 

Farms v»ilh net gains^ 

Average net gain 

Gam ol- 


$1,000- 
...dollars— 

..number-. 
...dollars.. 


$1 000 10 $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 




Average net loss 

Less than $1 000 


..number.. 
...dollars.. 


$1 000 to $9 999 




SSn 000 or more 



Government payments 

Other farm-related income' 

Customwork and other agricultural 



Forest products ; 



$1.000.. 
'$1,000^! 



$1.000.. 
"$1.000;' 
'$1,000^' 



otal 


farms 




$1,000. 


$1,000. 
Wheat farms 




$1,000. 
farms 


Sorghum, barley, a 


$1,000. 

doats farms. 

$1,000. 


Peanuts, rye. rice, t 


$1,000. 

obacco. and honey... farms. 

$1,000. 



Harvested cropland 

Farms by acres harvested: 


acres- 


50 to 99 acres 


100 to 199 acres 








2 000 acres or more 


Cropland 


In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 

On vihich all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow 


acres.. 

. farms. - 

. farms- 
acres.. 

. farms.. 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end of table 



106 DELAWARE 



2 965 
65 300 
22 023 



3 132 
13 423 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All tarms _ number. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with net gains^ number. 

Average net gain dollars. 

Gam of- 

Less than $1,000 

$1,000 ID $9.999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number- 
Average net loss -dollars. 

Less than $1.000 

$1,000 to $9,999 .-- 

$10,000 to $49.999.- 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms. 

$1,000. 
Other farm-related income' ..- farms- 

$1,000- 
Customwork and other agricultural 



$1.( 



tross cash rent or share payments . 
Forest products and Chnstmas trees 
Other farm-related income sources -. 











^'^r- 










$1,000- 
farms 










$1,000- 


Sorghum 


barley 


and oats- 




$1,000- 

- farms- 
$1,000- 


Peanuts. 


rye, ric£ 


. tobacco, a 


nd honey- 


$1,000- 
-- farms- 



Harvested cropland 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 49 acres 


- farms— 
acres- 


50 to 99 acres 








1 000 to 1 999 acres 


2 000 acres or more 


Cropland 


farms 


In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 

On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow 


- farms- 
acres- - 

- farms- 
acres- 

. farms- 
acres.. 




acres- - 


Woodland pastured — 

Woodland not pastured 


acres-. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 107 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con 

[For meantng ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



acres. 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



Conservation reserve prograrr „, 
Value ol land and buildings' 


farms" 

acres.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Average per acre 


dollars.. 


$40 000 to $69 999 






$150 000 to $199 999 






$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 



1 equipment _ 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4.999 - 

$5,000 to $9,999... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49,999. 
$50,000 to $99,999- 



Motortrucks, including pickups 


.... farms.. 


Wtieel tractors 




""fams 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 


farms.. 

number.. 






number.. 


Grain and bean combines 




farms 


Cottonpickers and slnppers 




number.. 
farms.. 


Mov»er conditioners 




.... farms- 












number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 












acres on 


which used.. 


acres on 
Sprays, dusts, granules, (umigants. etc. 


tons" 
to 


Insects on hay and other 


crops 


.... farms. - 
which used.. 
.... farms., 
which used.. 


Weeds, grass, or brush i 


acres on 
crops and 






acres on which used.. 


Chemicals tor defoliation or lor growth 
control of crops or thinning ol fruit .. 


.... farms.. 



126 061 

3 317 395 

1 776 



25 785 
5 462 



24 847 
2 013 



108 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured farms- 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc, farms. 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms. 

acres. 

Conservation reserve program farms. 

acres. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms. 

St. 000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

SI to $39.999.. 

540,000 to S69.999 

570,000 to 599.999 

5100,000 to 5149.999 

5150.000 to 5199.999 

$200,000 to 5499.999 

5600.000 to 5999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1.999.999 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value group: 

51 to 54,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99.999 

5100,000 to $199.999 

5200,000 to $499.999 

5600,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

fvlotortrucks. including pickups farms. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number- 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

Grain and bean combines farms. 

number. 
Cottonpickers and stnppers farms. 

Mower conditioners farms. 

Pickup balers farms. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

izer farms. 

acres on which used. 

Lime farms. 

acres on which used. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc.. to 

Insects on hay and other crops farms. 

acres on which used. 
Nematodes in crops farms. 

acres on which used- 
Diseases in crops and orchards farms- 

acres on which used. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 
pasture farms. 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit farms 



See 



15 622 

1 772 

2 574 



47 471 

166 565 

2 153 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 109 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



; introductory text] 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 




All ooetators 


2 966 




1 825 








284 


Wh,le 


2 914 






Pan owners. ..:::.::_::__.:_.:: ;.::: 
























OWNED AND RENTED LAND 




Land owned farms.. 

Owned land in farms farmsll 


2 691 
360 152 

2 682 
325 313 


Land rented or leased from others farms.. 

Rented or leased land in farms farms.. 


1 153 
285 163 

282 932 








37 070 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 




Operators by place of residence: 


2 175 


Not on farm operated 


481 


Operators by principal occupation: 




Ottier 


1 192 


Operators by days of worit off farm: 








1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days 


254 
217 




277 


Operators by years on present farm 




3 or 4 years 




5 to 9 years 


398 












615 


Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 


40 
374 
620 
328 
321 


55 to 59 years 


326 










70 years and over 


340 




51 5 


Operators by sex: 
Male 


2 676 






Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 


9 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms., 

acres.. 
Partnership farms. 



Corporation 
Family heic 

IVIore tha 




mo stockholders 


10 ones 


s stockholders 


Other than 


family held 


Ivlore tha 


n 10 stockholders 




s stockholders 



62 492 

20 
3 563 



75 778 

97 
6 314 



45 984 
38 
(D) 



110 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 52. 

[For meantng of 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farms farms.. 



Land rented or leased from others 
Rented or leased land in farms . 






Land rented ( 



) otfiers farms.. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of res 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated _ 
Not reported 



Other 
Operators by days of work off f 



100 to 199 days. 
200 days or more 






Operators by years ( 
2 years or less ... 

5 to 9 years 

Average years c 

Not reported 



50 t 



rs by age group: 

25 years 

34 years 

44 years 

54 years 



55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over . 
Average age 



i of Spanish origin (see text) . 



Individual or 

Partnership 

Corporation 
Family he 

fvlore Ih 
lOorle 


family (sole proprietorship) . 


.. farms. 






an 10 stockholders 


.. famsl 
.. farms. 


Other tha 

More th 
10 or le 


family held 

an 10 stockholders 

ss stockholders 


.. farms. 

acres. 

.. farms. 


Other -cooperative, estate or trust. 





17 742 

86 

17 536 



27 439 
(D) 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



10 166 

38 
5 939 



25 388 
22 978 



20 547 

236 

15 409 

85 
3 522 

82 
3 442 



DELAWARE 111 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



, see introductory text] 







All farms 


$500,000 


or more 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 10 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 






$1,000,000 


Total 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


FARMS BY SIZE 


514 
867 
196 
230 
219 
143 

76 

188 
100 
28 

I 029 

92 

92 

128 
20 

238 
73 

105 

1 042 
146 

23 

461 
31 191 

188 
159 
46 
32 
29 

358 

11 541 

216 

2 187 

155 
55 
6 

9 354 

5 
52 
31 
29 

316 
8 130 

306 

II 520 

376 

26 934 

14 938 

219 

6 557 

1 296 

336 

20 377 

13 641 

99 

16 835 

11 813 


3 

3 
3 

2 

3 

21 

5 
8 097 

2 

2 

3 
78 

3 
78 

3 
8 019 

4 
14 811 
10 623 

(D) 
(D) 

i 

(D) 
(D) 


22 
30 
7 
5 

2 
4 

13 
23 
24 
18 

2 

7 

7 
5 

8 

5 

5 

7 

108 

2 

6 

29 
13 072 

7 
5 

24 
2 894 

403 
6 

12 
2 491 

5 
6 

16 

13 
8 401 

24 
17 263 
11 420 

1 635 
344 
22 

11 077 

8 

14 980 

10 732 


104 
103 
18 
22 
15 
9 
16 
7 
42 
45 
18 

10 
8 

8 

2 
2 

349 
2 

43 
5 990 

11 
9 

35 

2 761 

15 

122 

22 

2 639 

3 

2 
15 
2 

30 

2 404 

28 
825 

37 

3 780 
1 564 

24 

560 

32 

1 666 

1 004 

7 

921 

591 


131 
22 
31 
30 
18 
16 
8 
53 
47 

5 

66 
5 

5 
19 
3 

34 
392 

70 
6 132 

13 
8 
26 

57 

3 096 

23 

16 
6 

39 
2 834 

3 

3 
24 
9 

54 
2 123 

913 

59 

2 933 

674 

40 

1 709 

241 

53 

1 224 

633 

12 

249 


65 
46 

15 

9 

42 
41 
10 

70 
3 

3 

7 
12 

124 
3 

35 
1 607 

10 

18 

1 

26 

820 

8 

122 

20 
698 

16 
3 

29 
525 

23 
262 

29 
798 
346 

20 

20 
27 
564 
325 
3 

58 


10 






50 to 69 acres 














5 


180 219 acres 


2 








22 






1 000 to 1 999 acres 








FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 


38 














Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 






3 














Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
animal specialties (021) 


6 




^ 






Animal specialties (027) .- 

General farms, primarily livestock and 




LIVESTOCK 




12 


Farms with- 
1 to 9 


number.. 


2 










200 to 499 - 




CovBS and heifers that had calved 


_. farms., 
number.. 


10 

256 

6 


Farms with- 


number.. 




10 to 49 




100 to 199 










- 


IVIilkcows 

Farms viith- 


.. farms.. 


5 

1 


10 to 49'i;i".;;;-"-';iiiiiii-i-----i" 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 


3 






Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 

Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


.. farms- 
number.. 

"number" 

.. farms., 
number.. 
$1.000.. 
.. farms.. 

"sToolS:: 

.. farms., 
number.. 
$1,000.. 

number.. 
51,000.. 


10 
205 

9 
163 

14 
283 

8 
104 
23 
13 
179 
109 
6 
76 
51 



112 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



„e. 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 

$19,999 


$5,000 to 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


FARMS BY SIZE 


13 
22 

5 
8 

9 
8 
50 

I 
72 

2 
8 
3 

6 

20 
3 

29 
799 

3 
24 
2 

26 
357 

94 
9 

17 
263 

2 
15 

243 

26 

199 

27 
365 
115 

17 
167 

24 

198 

97 

6 

11 


45 

1 
3 

6 
3 
2 

12 
306 

2 

12 

190 

6 

77 

3 

7 
113 

: 
! 

10 

10 
47 

12 
187 
46 

9 
95 

9 
12 

37 

(ol 

(D) 


20 
16 

23 
26 

38 
22 
13 

3 
137 

2 
8 
3 

8 
13 
8 

756 

18 
21 
2 

29 
360 

22 
263 

9 

10 
97 

2 

2 
6 

31 
246 

32 

150 

32 
294 
89 
19 
126 
19 
26 
168 
70 
5 
(D) 
(D) 


16 
67 
37 
50 
61 
22 
23 
12 
9 

182 
8 

8 

17 

48 
21 

3 
15 

51 
814 

31 
2 

309 
33 
280 

24 
9 

10 
29 

3 

275 

43 
230 

49 
566 
203 

22 
207 

38 

359 
165 
19 
90 


35 
106 
33 

19 

5 
2 

150 
15 

15 
25 

. 5 
3 

45 
10 

8 
16 

2 

50 
531 

27 

38 
225 

179 
6 

14 
46 

12 
2 

22 
138 

32 
168 

39 
277 
91 

86 

35 
191 
76 
15 
95 
38 








50 10 69 acres 


52 




40 










180 to 219 acres 




220 to 259 acres 




260 to 499 acres 












FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 






31 


Cotton (0131) 








Sugarcane and sugar beets, Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains nee (0133 0134 0139) 


31 






Fruits and tree nuts (017) 


8 
6 




33 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 






38 












97 


General farms, primarily livestocl< and 




LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 

Farms with- 


.- farms., 
number.. 


560 


10 to 49 

50 to 99 


15 


100 to 199. 

200 to 499 

500 or more 


: 


Cows and heifers that had calved 


.. farms.. 


62 
273 


number.. 


257 




5 


50 to 99 




100 to 199 

200 to 499.... 

500 or more 










Farms with- 


number.. 


16 


10 to 49"iii::ii"iiiiiiiiri"i"i"ii"i 

50 to 99 




100 to 199 

200 to 499 






46 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 


number., 
farms 


125 
49 


Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


-. farms.. 

number.. 

SI, 000.. 

... farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

number.. 

SI, 000.. 

... farms.. 

number.. 

SI, 000.. 


162 
54 

60 
27 
80 
12 
48 
108 
48 
16 
38 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 113 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



LIVESTOCK -Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

100 to i99;;"i;;i;";;i""iiiiiii"iii": 

200 to 499.-- 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms. 

number. 
Ottier farms. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 

SI, 000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

Sl.OOO: 

Dec 1 of preceding year and Nov 30 --- farms, 
number. 



Dec 



I rulay : 



June 1 and Nov 30 larmS- 

number- 

Sfieep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

number. 

Ewes 1 year old or older -.. farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

pounds of wool. 

Horses and pomes inventory farms. 

number. 
Horses and ponies sold farms. 

number. 
Goats inventory farms. 

Goats sold farms. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ._ farms. 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3,200 to 9,999 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50.000 10 99.999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 

Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

number. 

2,000 'to 59',999 "';i";^;";^;]"";^"]I^ 

60.000 to 99.999 

100,000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms 

Turkeys sold farms 

See footnotes at end of table. 



(D) 

7 

73 030 



85 756 653 



50 012 

24 

241 856 



49 071 654 



114 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



,.e. 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10.000 10 

$19,999 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


$2,500 to 


$2,500 


LIVESTOCK-Con. 














Hogs and pigs inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Farms with- 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 


27 
1 228 

13 
5 
8 


6 
291 

3 
2 


27 
993 

10 


27 
603 

16 
6 

5 


25 
433 

16 
9 


29 
370 


100 to 199 


2 


200 to 499 




Used or to be used for breeding farms.. 

Oltier farms;; 

number.. 


229 
24 
999 


3 

28 

5 

263 


20 
224 

24 
769 


18 
142 

21 
461 


78 
24 
355 


16 
133 

24 
237 




27 
2 154 

191 

590 
23 


498 
47 

(D) 
(D) 


25 

202 
6 
(D) 
(D) 


32 
1 484 
122 
7 
388 
12 


26 

832 

66 

8 

341 


25 


number.. 
$1.000.. 
Feeder pigs farms 


23 

6 


™iVo:: 


3 


Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms., 
number.. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms.. 

number.. 
June 1 and Nov 30 farms.. 


15 

140 
12 
120 


3 
42 

2 
(D) 

3 
(D) 


20 
209 
14 
(D) 
19 
(D) 


15 
74 
12 
70 


76 
13 

10 
38 


16 
89 

42 
12 

47 


Sfieep and lambs of all ages inventory farms.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms]] 

number.. 


(D) 
3 
10 


- 


372 

4 

268 


8 
176 


80 
57 


16 
213 

12 
(D) 


Sheep and lambs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms.. 

number., 
pounds of wool.. 


(Dl 
3 
8 

64 


: 


4 
180 

299 
1 573 


179 

183 
1 127 


3 
42 

62 
471 


12 
107 
8 
133 
932 


Horses and ponies inventory farms.. 

Horses and ponies sold farms" 

number- 
Goats inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Goats sold farms.. 

number.. 


26 
228 
12 
36 

(D) 

(D) 


60 

8 

(D) 

1 

(D) 


36 
329 
17 
59 

,d1 

3 
71 


45 
307 
20 
50 

5 
20 

2 
(D) 


51 
298 
22 

15 

92 

7 

103 


169 
1 172 
30 
54 
20 

105 
10 
67 


POULTRY 














Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms., 
number.. 
Farms with- 


21 
33 857 

15 

5 


6 
4 143 

5 


9 
1 323 

2 


1 175 
19 


26 
6 757 

25 


749 


400 to 3 199 




3 200 to 9 999 


















- 


Hens and pullets of laying age farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age .Jarms.. 


19 
20 657 

3 
13 200 

28 400 


6 

(D) 

2 

"4 
13 792 


(D) 

(D) 

6 

22 926 


19 
(D) 

(D) 
3 


25 
1 374 

5 383 

9 

8 755 


685 

64 


number-. 




Broilers and other meat-type chickens 


17 
373 080 


(D) 

1 


6 
59 179 

5 


(D) 


6 243 

2 
2 


1 


number.. 
Farms with- 








60 COO to 99 999 








Turkey hens kept for breeding farms.. 

number.. 
Turkeys sold farms.. 


(D) 
(D) 


: 


(D) 




(D) 


8 
38 

(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 115 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for gram or seed --- farms. 

bushels. 

Irrigated (arms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 10 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres — 

250 10 499 acres 

600 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

Ions, green. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

100 to 249 acres lllll"Vi]l\ll"lll\"[[l[. 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wheat for gram farms. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 

100 to 249 acres'II^IIII------!'---'"------! 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley for gram farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres... 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

acres. 

cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by aci 

1 to 4 9 

5 to 24 9 acres 

25 to 99 9 acres 

100 to 249,9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Hay — alfalfa, other lame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc {see text) .. (arms. 

tons, dry. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by c 
1 to 4 9 acres .. 
5 to 24 9 acres . 
25 to 99 9 acres 
100 to 249 9 acr( 
250 acres or mor 

See footnotes 



369 252 

8 
1 586 



116 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52 



meaning ot abbrevi 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for gram or seed farms. 

bushels. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acn 
1 to 24 acn 
25 10 99 ac 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres... 

500 acres or more.. 

Corn lor silage or green chop farms. 

tons, green. 
Irrigated _ farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 249 acres-. 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wheat for gram farms. 

acres. 

Irngated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested; 
1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley tor gram farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated -— farms. 

1 to 2' 

26 to ! 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres... 

500 acres or more 

Irish potatoes farms- 

acres. 

cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4,9 acres 

5 to 24.9 acres 

250 to 999 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250 acres or more - 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres -- 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

acres. 

tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

5 to 24 9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100-0 to 249,9 acres.. , 

260 acres or more 

See 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 117 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



-Con. 









$500,000 


or more 
































All larms 


$1,000,000 


Total 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 10 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con 


















vegetables harvesled (or sale {see lexl)- 
Con 


















Green peas, excluding green cowpeas, 
harvested lor sale 

Irrigated.... 


acres., 
larms.. 


66 
9 851 

45 
5 752 


2 644 
2 137 


19 
4 592 

2 670 


16 
2 753 

16^? 


15 
1 679 

1 083 


8 
683 

5 
(D) 




Sweet corn harvesled lor sale 


larms-- 
acres-- 


7 643 
5 739 


1 689 
1 689 


16 
2 817 

2 494 


15 
2 057 

13 
1 377 


20 
1 538 

16 
1 196 


16 

605 

8 

265 


3 
57 




(D) 


Land in orchards 

Irrigated.. 

Farms by beanng and nonbearing acres. 


larms.. 
larmsi; 


36 

8 
527 

21 
3 


2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 


1 175 

3 

473 

3 


(D) 


2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 


6 
37 

2 
(D) 

2 












1 00 to 249 9 acres 




250 acres or more 









118 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 

|For meaning of abbcevialpons and symbols, see introductory text] 


1987-Con. 






Item 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con. 

Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text)- 
Con 

Green peas, excluding green co»peas. 

harvested tor sale farms.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres- 
Sweet com harvested for sale farms.. 


3 
81 

7 
360 

5 
300 

2 
(D) 

(D) 


_ 

1 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


(D) 

,d1 

(D) 
(D) 


9 
20 
3 
9 

15 

2 
2 


2 

(D) 

45 
5 
5 


i 

(D) 

12 
43 
4 


'"'^^'^■^ """ 'aael:: 

Land in orchards farms.. 

acres. - 


10 
25 


Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 


8 


5.0 to 24.9 acres 








250.0 acres or more 


- 



i included as farms with gams ( 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 119 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Sugarcane 

Irish potatoes, 
field crops, except 
casti grains, nee 
(0133. 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of larm .acres.. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms.. 

51,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

51,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 10 $39,999 

540,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

5100,000 to 5249,999 

$250,000 to 5499.999 

$500,000 to 5999,999 

Grains farms.. 

51,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

51,000.. 

Corn for grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wheat farms., 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans farms., 

S1.000-. 

Sorghum for gram farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Barley farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Oats farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other grains farms.. 

$1,000., 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

51,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

51,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

51,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops -. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ot $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of 550,000 or more farms. 

51,000. 
See footnotes at end of table 

120 DELAWARE 



20 332 

78 

17 571 



13 488 

32 

12 699 



304 075 

985 

302 003 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[Foe meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see iniroduclory texl] 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



except dairy, poultry. 



Beef cattle. 

;ept feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 





percent.. 






MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) 


farms 




$1,000.- 


Farms by value of sales: 
Less than S1,000 (see text) 

$1 000 to $2 499 






$10,000 to $19,999 








$50 000 to S99 999 


SI 00 000 to $249 999 




$500,000 to $999,999 


$1 000 000 or more 


Grams 


farms 


Sales ol $50,000 or more 

Corn for gram _... 


$1,000.- 

.-- farms.. 

$1,000- 

--- farms- - 
$1,000- 




$1,000- 


Sorghum for grain 


$1,000.- 

— farms- 
$1.000.. 


Oats 


$1.000.. 
farms 


Other grains 


$1,000- 

--- farms- - 

$1,000-- 

... farms-- 



Tobacco farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms- 



I field seeds - 
000 or more - 



Vegetables. 
Sales of $ 



$1.0001' 

$i.oooi: 

si.ooo"' 

$1,000^: 
si.ooo;: 



Nursery and greenhouse crops.. 
Sales of $50,000 or more ..., 



Other crops 

Sales ol $50,000 or r 

Poultry and poultry proc 

Sales of $50,000 or r 

Sales of $50,000 or r 

Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or r 



$1,000. 

'$i,ooo; 



299 770 

968 

297 959 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 121 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



1 cash grams (013) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see text) -Con 

Hogs and pigs - farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

" $i.ooo! 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

S1 10 $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses ot- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999. 

$1,000 to $4.999 

35,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$5,000 to $24".999'r.II"IIIIi;i'lI------^ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000 
Diesel fuel farms 

$1,000 
Natural gas farms 

$1,000 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 

$1,000 

See 



122 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Animal 

ecialties 

(027) 



Total sales (see text)- 


Con, 














Sales of S50.000 


.more 




$1,000. 

.. farms. 

$1,000. 


Sheep, lambs, and i» 
Sales of $50,000 


ooL... 




"'$1.000l 

.. farms. 

$1,000. 


Other livestock and 


ivestock 


products 




Sales of $50,000 






SI. 000. 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production i 



i poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms v^ith expenses of— 



$5,000 to $24.999 . 
S25.000 to $99,999 
$100,000 or more . 



SI to $4.999.. 
$5,000 to $24.9 
$25,000 to $99, 
$100,000 or mc 



Commercially mixed formula f 



Farms with expenses ( 



$5 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 to $79 999 




Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.- 


$1 .000 to $4,999 


$5 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 or more 






Farms with expenses o(- 


$1.000.. 




$25 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 or more 


Agricultural chemicals. 

Farms with expenses o(- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 






$50 000 or more 




Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1.000.. 








Gasoline and gasohoL. 


"'$i.ooo;i 




$1.000.. 


LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 


$1.000.. 


See footnotes al end of table 


SI. 000.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 123 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Sugarcane 
d sugar beets, 
Irisri potatoes, 
crops, except 

),^0134.'0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses-Con 
Electricity ..- 

Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to $999 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


2 195 
4 862 

1 085 


$1 000 to $4 999 


942 




151 






Hired farm labor 

$1 to S4 999 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


1 254 
22 788 

646 


$5 000 to $24 999 


440 










Contract labor 

Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to $999 


"$i%'oo" 


364 
5 798 


$1 000 10 $4 999 


161 












"$i%'oo" 


2 481 


Farms with expenses of- 

$t io$4,999 

$5 000 to $24 999 


11 739 
455 










Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms., 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


1 192 

2 445 

672 






$25 000 or more 


8 


Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


1 415 
14 872 

713 










SI 00 000 or more 


12 


Secured by real estate. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999.... 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


1 205 
12 415 

139 


S5 000 to $24 999 


505 


$25 000 or more 






. farms.. 
$1,000.. 




Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1 000 to $4 999 


2 457 

183 
189 


$5 000 to $24 999 


113 






Cash rent farms 


972 




$1,000.. 


11 089 






SI 000 to $24 999 


184 


$25 000 or more 


103 


Property taxes 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


2 724 
2 591 










$25 000 or more 




All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


"'si%oo;i 


2 813 
15 758 

2 271 


$5 000 to $24 999 


442 


$25 000 to $49 999 


50 






See footnotes at end of table 

124 DELAWARE 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987- 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Con. 



General farms. 



except dairy, poultry, 
and animal specialties 
(021) 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con, 

Total farm production expenses— Con, 

$1,000 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

S1 to S999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000, 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 ,-__ 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ ___, 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more .._ , 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

SI to S999 

$1,000 to $4,999 _._ 

$5,000 to $24.999. 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000, 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$50!000 or more , .imi'llllllUm^]^ 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

S1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 - ._ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 ____ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate. farms, 

$1,000, 

Farms with expenses of- 

SI to $999 , 

$1,000 to $4,999 , 

$5,000 to S24,999 , 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms, 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1,000 to Si^ll\lll\\l\'illV.ll\\l\^. 

$5,000 to $24.999 , 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Properly taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

S5.000 to $9.999"""^;'"!!"II'I""mi 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms 

$1,000 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 10 $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 



See 



t end ( 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 125 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except 
cash grams, n e.c. 
(0133,0134.0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per I 

Farms with net 

Average net t 

Gain of- 

$1,000 to $ 



-dollars- 
number., 
-dollars-. 



$10,000 to $49,999. 



Other (arm-relal 
Customwork ; 



Gross cash rent or share payments -. 
Forest products and Christmas trees . 
Other farm-related income sources--. 









' $1,000- 








$1,000- 








$1,000-- 


Sorghurr 


, barley, and oa 




$1,000- 
farms 


Cotton 




$1,000- 


Peanuts 


rye, rice, lobac 


CO, and honey 


$1,000.. 

-- farms- - 

$1,000- 



Total cropland 

Harvested cropland - 






1 cover crops, legumes, 
t grasses, r 
t pastured farms. 



On which all i 
In cultivated s 



. failed farms. 



Total \ 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end o 

126 DELAWARE 



2 965 
65 300 
22 023 



26 244 

92 

24 318 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory textl 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



lef cattle. 

1 feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm ___ 

Farms vKilh net gains^ 


$1.000.. 

dollars.. 

..number.. 


Gam of- 
Less ttian $1 000 






$50,000 or more 






Average net loss 

Loss of- 
Less than $1 000 


dollars.- 


SI 000 10 $9 999 




S50000 or more 



Government payments 

Other farm-related income' , 

Customwork and other agricultural 



Gross cash rent or share payme 
Forest products and Christmas 1 
Other farm-related income sourc 



Total 








(arms 










$1,000 


Wheat 








$1,000. 
farms 












Sorghum, ba 


riey. 


and oats.. 




$1,000 

.. farms. 

$1,000. 


Peanuts, rye 


rice 


tobacco, a 


nd honey. 


$1,000 

.. farms. 

$1,000. 



Total cropland farms. 

Harvested cropland farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 



I 49 ; 
50 to 99 acr 
100 to 199 £ 



In cover crops, legumes, 
improvement grasses, ni 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed . 
In cultivated summer fallov 



Total woodland. 
Woodland pasi 



15 760 
13 857 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 127 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con 



and symbols, see introductory text] 



I casfi grams (013) 



and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.ec. 

(0133.0134.0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



Cropland under federal acreage r 
programs 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs -- 



Conservation reserve program 


acres.. 
farms.. 


Average per (arm 

Average per acre 

Farms by value group 


SI. 000.. 

dollars.. 

dollars.. 


$40 000 to $69 999 


$70 000 to $99 999 






$200 000 to $499 999 






$2,000,000 to $4 999.999 





and equipment _ 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to S4.999 

35,000 to $9,999 ... 



rvlotortrucks. including pickups 


farms.. 




number.. 


40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


number.. 




number.. 




farms 




number.. 




number.. 


Picku balers 


number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 


number.. 


Commercial (ertilizer 


farms. 

which used. 


acres on 


which used. 


Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc 


.to 




farms 


acres on 
Diseases in crops and orchards 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops an( 


which used. 

which usedi 

farms. 

which used. 


acres on 


which used. 


Chemicals for defoliation or for grovirth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit .. 

acres or 


farms. 

which used. 


See footnotes at end of table 




128 DELAWARE 





12 225 
23 904 



60 187 

835 931 

2 271 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard industrial Ciassification of Farm: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



1987-Con. 



except dairy, poultry, 
inimal specialties 
(021) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



wasteland, etc larrt 

acre 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs --- farn 



Conservation resen/e program 

alue ol land and buildings' - 


acres.. 
(arms- 
acres.. 

farms.. 

$1,000-. 


Average per acre 

Farms by value group 
$1 to $39 999 


dollars.- 






$100 000 to $149 999 


$150 000 to $199 999 




$500,000 to $999 999 


$1 000 000 to $1 999 999 




S5.000 000 or more 



Estimated market value of all macfiinerj 




Farms by value group; 
$1 to $4,999 


$5 000 to $9 999 














SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 






farms 


Wtieel tractors 


™lTrms" 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 


number.. 
..- larms.- 


40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


.... farms- 
number.. 






Cottonpickers and strippers. 

Mower conditioners 


number.. 

farms.. 

number.. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS^ 
Commercial fertilizer 



acres on which l 



Sprays, dusts, granules, lumigants. etc , 
Insects on hay and other crops 



Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit __ farms.. 

acres on which used- 
See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 129 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



! introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grams (013) 



Sugarcane 
sugar beets; 
jh potatoes; 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



Black and other races . 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farrr 



and rented or leased from others 
Rented or leased land in farms . 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of res 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated _ 
Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation; 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm 






! days 

100 to 199 days.-- 

200 days or more -- 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm; 
2 years or less 






50 to 54 years . 
55 to 59 years . 



Operators by s 
Male 



Operators ot Spanish origin (see text) . 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 

Partnership farms. 



Other th. 



360 152 
2 682 

325 313 
1 153 

285 163 

282 932 



148 517 

560 

141 742 



14 663 

80 

13 259 



130 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 53. 

(For meaning o 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 

I symbols, see introductory text) 



1987-Con. 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



except dairy, poultry, 
animal specialties 
(021) 



lel cattle, 

t feedlots 

(0212) 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land rented or leased from others farms. 

acres. 
Rented or leased land in (arms farms. 



Land rented or li 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place 01 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 
Farming 



Other 
Operators by days of work off farm: 



5 99 days 

) to 199 days- 
) days or more 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years __ 



55 to 59 years . 



70 V 



Average age 

Operators by sex: 

f^ale 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see t 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) _ 
Partnership 



Corporation: 
Family held 












(viore tha 




Other -cooperative, estate or trust. 



See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



17 585 

65 

17 519 



89 585 

66 

10 072 



DELAWARE 131 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beels; 

Irish potatoes, 

field crops, except 

(0133, 0134.' 0139) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

50 to 69 acres ^^^I^imillllllllllllllllll"!;! 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (01 1} 

Field crops, excepi cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) -. 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets, Irish 
potatoes: field crops, except cash 
grams, n e c (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016). ._. 

Fruits and Iree nuts (017) 

Honicultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, excepi teedlots (0212) _ 

Dairy farms (024)... 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499... 

500 or more 

Covws and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 
Beef cows farms. 

Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

5 to 9 ll\l\"llll["l'"llll"lllll\[\'. 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more , 

Heifers and heiter calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves (arms. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms, 

number. 

$1,000. 

Cattle (arms. 

Sl.OOO: 

Fattened on grain and concentrates farms 

number 
$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table 

132 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

Dbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Horticultural 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



specialties 
(027) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres 

70 to 99 acres \\\l^l\V^lllllV.\[l\""""" 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres _ 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) , 

Field crops, except cash grains (013). , 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) , 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 

potatoes, field crops, except cash 

grains, n e c (0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Honicultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

2O0 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heilers that had calved farms. 

Beef cows farms. 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499__. 

500 or more 

fvlilk cows __ farms. 

Farms with — 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves _-_ farms. 

Cattle and calves sold __ farms. 

$1,000! 
Calves farms. 

si.ooo! 

Cattle __. farms. 

$1,000 
Fattened on gram and concentrates... farms 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 133 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



) crops, except cash grains (013) 



Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except 
cash grains, n.e.c 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



LIVESTOCK^ Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms.. 

number.. 

25 to 49"];^;^^^i;im;i;i------IIIIII- 

100 to 19"9""'I'II"I----I-I-IIIII-I-- 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms.. 

Other farms.. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

$1,000^ 
Feeder pigs farms.. 

$i,ooo'! 

Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms., 
number.. 

Dec 1 and May 31 farms.. 

number.. 

June 1 and Nov 30 farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms.. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number, 
pounds of wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

number. 
Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

Goats sold.- farms. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms, 
number. 
Farms wiih- 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3,200 to 9,999 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49.999 

50,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms. 

Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

Farms with — 

1 to 1,999 

2,000 to 59,999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100.000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 



134 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. 

(For meaning of 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General (arms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beel cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



specialties 
(027) 




78 988 

7 216 

35 

23 753 



118 915 

57 

715 700 



208 073 153 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 135 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



iristi potatoes, 
field crops, except 

(0133. 0134,' 0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn tor gram or seed farmS- 

Irrigated farms- 

Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres -._ 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Corn for silage or green cfiop farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Wfieat for gram farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 10 249 acres -- 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Barley for gram farms. 

acres. 

Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres fiarvested: 

25 to 99 acres"ii"i;;;"i"iii"ii;i"iiii;i 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Irisfi potatoes farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres fiarvested; 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres 

250 to 99,9 acres 

100.0 to 249 9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Hay— alfalfa, ottier tame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green cfiop, etc (see text) .. farms. 

tons, dry! 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested; 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres... 

500 acres or more 

tons, dry: 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text) ... farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested; 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25 to 99.9 acres 

1000 to 249.9 acres 

260 acres or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 

136 DELAWARE 



43 036 

185 

23 775 



395 855 
3 389 



7 078 
(D) 



25 400 

74 

12 693 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 


' -''i^ff) 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 


Dairy farms 
(024) 


Poultry 
^"''(0251 


Animal 

specialties 

(027) 




Item 


Total 


Beet cattle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 


General farms, 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 


CROPS HARVESTED 


143 
6 978 

(D) 

(0) 
(D| 

7 

381 

6 202 

5 

(D) 

(D) 

1 

(D) 

1 

(D) 
(D) 

51 
6 
45 


28 

3 097 
272 391 

8 
663 

10 
8 
8 

5 
(D) 
(D) 

16 

960 

46 457 

3 

162 

6 

10 

940 

60 770 

35 

4 118 
96 788 

9 
761 

12 
9 
6 

5 

752 

143 540 

3 
220 

3 

1 

43 

1 277 

2 946 

36 
5 

19 
562 

1 930 

27 

3 503 

2 432 

9 
3 
6 
6 


86 

7 531 

592 511 

8 

2 144 

56 
16 
10 
1 
3 

29 

1 749 
24 085 

(D) 

23 

1 

24 

77 144 

(D) 

12 
2 

21 

2 049 

53 

6 865 

128 576 

5 

495 

18 
18 
11 
3 
3 

106 
1 965 

3 079 

210 

87 
16 

56 

609 

1 152 

210 

16 

655 

5 

499 

10 
2 

2 


3 656 
17 

135 

3 

2 
(D) 
(D) 

2 

6 

52 

2 132 

129 
2 047 

(D) 

5 
2 

- 

634 
996 

33 
8 

13 
97 
173 


61 

8 185 

496 609 

2 

(D) 

27 

13 

80 

7 422 
67 965 

3 
196 

25 
24 
24 

7 

35 
1 800 
79 543 

8 
23 
3 

30 

1 776 
104 407 

48 

6 579 

133 140 

16 
12 
6 
3 

i 

(D) 

89 
6 580 
17 428 

216 

29 
35 
22 
3 

67 

2 465 

8 017 

3 
(D) 

8 
384 

5 
2 


259 

23 761 

1 839 005 

58 

8 212 

75 
117 
48 
15 

9 
346 

3 452 

4 

135 

8 705 

337 605 

10 

674 

42 
63 
27 
3 

57 

4 352 
263 943 

513 

366 

50 877 

958 136 

42 

3 428 

88 
131 

22 

(0l 
(D) 

55 

2 065 

5 131 

7 
168 

13 

2 

30 
1 231 

3 593 

5 

66 

6 890 

51 
5 261 

8 
20 
19 
10 

9 


3 

5 

280 

3 

i 

2 

3 431 
2 

31 
344 
492 

30 

91 
182 


16 


Irrigated..... 

Farms by acres harvested: 


acres., 
bjshels.. 
.. farms.. 


305 016 
2 
(D) 

5 


25 to 99 acres 


3 








2 




3 


Corn lor silage or green chop 

to 
Irrigated 

Farms by acres harvested: 


"' acres" 


140 
1 120 

2 


25 to 99 acres 


2 


100 to 249 acres 












Wheat lor gram 

Irrigated 

Farms by acres harvested: 


.. farms.. 

bushels" 
.. farms.. 


9 

71 982 
2 
(D) 


25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 


2 
3 


250 to 499 acres 


3 


Barley for grain 

Irrigated 


.. farms.. 

acres.. 

bushels.. 

.. farms- 
acres.. 

.. farms.. 

acres.. 

bushels.. 

farms 


6 218 
150 799 

1 


Farms by acres harvested: 


acres.. 


(D) 


25 to 99 acres 


1 




2 






500 acres or more.... 

Insh potatoes 

Irrigated 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 4 9 acres 


.. farms.. 

.. farmsll 
acres.. 


5 


5 to 24 9 acres 




25 to 99 9 acres 












grass silage, green chop, etc (see text) 

Irrigated 

Farms by acres han/ested: 


tons.^dry:: 
acres.. 


15 

808 

1 559 

(D) 

7 


25 to 99 acres 




too to 249 acres 






1 






Alfalta hay 


.. farms.. 

acres.. 

tons, dry.. 


12 

341 
921 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 


acres.. 
.. farms.. 


3 


Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 4 9 acres 


acres.. 


(D) 




- 






100 to 249 9 acres 






2 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRiCULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 137 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see inlroduclory text) 







Total 


Cash grains 
(011) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 




Item 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes, 

field crops, except 

cash grains, nee 

(0133,0134.0139) 


Fruits and 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Vegetables haivested tor sale (see text)- 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas. 


_ farms.. 
- farms.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 

" acresll 

. farms.. 

acres.. 
. farms.. 

acres.. 


66 
9 851 

45 
5 752 

109 
7 643 

5 739 

1 378 
527 
21 

3 


5 
425 

404 
20 

13 
1 009 

8 
(D) 


3 
380 

3 
380 

2 

(°) 
(D) 






3 

380 

3 

2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 


27 

6 192 

19 

3 388 

4 133 

29 
3 062 

3 
(D) 




Irrigated 


140 
2 




(D) 


Irrigated-- 

Land in orchards 

Irrigated 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres 
1 to 4 9 acres 


169 
(D) 

12 
570 

73 




7 






100 to 249 9 acres 




250 acres or more 









138 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 







Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 


General (arms, 
pnman,crop 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 


Dairy farms 
(024) 


Poultry 


Animal 

specialties 

(027) 




Item 


Total 


Beef cattle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 


General farms. 

pnmanly livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see lext)- 
Con. 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas. 
harvested for sale 

Irrigated 

Sweet corn harvested (or sale - 


. farms.. 

acres.. 
. farms. - 

acres.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 

. farms- 
acres.. 

. farms.. 

acres.. 
. farms.. 

acres. . 


21 
3 
17 


1 090 

5 

696 

591 
566 

2 
(D) 

(D) 


,d1 

(D) 

34 
(D) 

6 
3 




(D) 
153 
(D) 


13 
1 053 

717 

968 
13 
957 

5 
352 


2 

(D) 

2 


3 
367 

(D) 
(D) 






Irrigated 

Farms by bearing and norbearing acres 












100 to 249 9 acres 




250 acres or more 









t value of agricultural products sold are included as I 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



DELAWARE 139 



Table 1 County Summary Highlights: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Average size o( farm 




Value of land and buildings': 






dollars 


Estimated market value of all macfiinery and 




Farms by size: 










1 000 acres^or^ore "" 












acres. . 


Market value of agricultural products sold 


$1.000.. 


Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 


$1 000 


Livestock, poultry, and their products 

Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $2 500 


$1.000.. 






SI 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 to $49 999 






Operators by principal occupation: 
Farming 




Operators by days worked oH farm: 





number 
number 



Hogs and pigs inventory farms. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms. 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms. 



Selected crops harvested 
Corn for gram or seed _. 



Wheat for gram farms. 



for sale (see text) . 



New Castle 



60 044 
21 323 



^Dala are based on a s 

140 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 



otal sales (see text) 

Average per farm 

1987 value of sales: 
Less than $1 000 


. farms. 1987. 

1982. 
SI. 000. 1987. 

1982. 
.dollars. 1987. 

1982. 

farms. 




$1,000. 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000. 




$1,000- 




$1,000.. 




$1,000. 
farms 




$1,000. 


$100,000 to $249.999 

$250,000 to $499.999 


$1,000. 

si^ool 
si.oool 


1982 value of sales': 
Less than $1 000 


$1,000. 
farms 




'kZ: 


$2 500 to $4 999 


$1,000. 
farms 




.rrs: 


$10 000 to $19 999 


$1,000. 
farms 




$1,000. 


$25 000 to $39 999 


$1,000. 




$1,000. 


$50 000 to $99 999 


$1,000. 


$100,000 to $249,999... 

$250,000 to $499,999. 


$1,000. 
farms. 

$1,000. 
farms. 

$1,000. 


Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 


$1,000. 




$1,000. 1987. 
1982. 


Corn for grain 


1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

.. farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982- 

tarms 1987 




1982- 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 


Sorghum for gram 


1982. 
$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 
.. farms, 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 


Oats 


1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982- 

farms 1987 


Other grains^ 


1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

.. farms. 1987. 



2 966 

3 338 
443 575 
370 562 



3 106 

65 

1 439 



83 607 
73 447 
97 557 
72 792 



30 417 
27 151 
80 044 
55 638 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 141 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con 



ning of abbreviations < 



introductory text] 



$1,000, 1987 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see Iext)-Con 
Sales by commodity or commodity group- 
Con. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops-Con. 
Cotton and cottonseed. __ 

Tobacco 

Hay, silage, and field seeds 



vegetables, sweet corn, and melons . 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

Nursery and greenhouse crops 

Other crops 

Livestock, poultry, and their products ... 
Poultry and poultry products 

Dairy products 

Cattle and calves __ 

Hogs and pigs ._. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool 

Other livestock and livestock products 
{see text) 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) _. 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Insh potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c 
(0133. 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlols (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmanly livestock and animal 
" > (029) 



^Data for 1982 includes r 

142 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 

(Data are based on a sample of farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 



Total farm production expenses 

Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 



Commercially mixed f 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees . 



Agricultural chemicals' 



Petroleum products _ 



Gasoline and gasohol. 



Contract labor 

Repair 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental 
machinery and equipment^ _. 



Secured by real 
Not secured by 

Cash rent 

Property taxes paid . 
All other farm 



1 336 
180 490 
136 947 



2 191 
15 802 
19 993 



10 868 

2 692 

3 322 
8 787 

13 435 

2 356 

3 062 
3 226 
5 192 



1 462 
22 788 
17 893 



2 724 

2 591 
2 813 

15 758 



'Data for 1987 include cost of custom applicati 
^Data for 1987 exclude cost of custom applicai 
^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for ile 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 143 



Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, s 


=e introductory text) 








,.em 


Delaware 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 


NET CASH RETURN 












Net cash return from agricultural sales lor tine 




2 965 
65 300 


856 
10 076 


380 


1 729 




$1,000. 1987.. 


50 383 
29 140 




.number. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


76 564 


349 
14 378 


158 
7 121 


1 188 




55 065 
46 351 




SI.OCO! 1987.. 
..dollars. 1987.. 


1 270 
11 265 
8 870 


507 
4 302 
8 485 


222 
2 281 
10 273 


541 


Average per farm... 


8 655 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 












Total received 


.. farms. 1987.. 
S1.000. 1987.. 
dollars 1987 


549 
7 414 
13 505 


178 
2 285 
12 839 


125 
2 333 
18 662 


246 


A 1 


2 796 
11 367 




.. farms. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


478 
3 513 


146 
1 056 


116 

1 157 


216 




1 299 


Value of commodity certificates received... 


__ farms. 1987.. 
S1.000. 1987.. 


493 
3 902 


167 
1 229 


116 
1 175 


210 
1 497 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 












Gross before taxes and expenses' 


.. farms. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
dollars 1987 


757 
3 998 
5 282 


260 
1 201 
4 617 


79 

476 

6 024 


418 
2 322 
5 555 


Customwork and other agncultural 




272 

284 

1 514 

1 425 

287 

1 151 


65 
80 
316 
526 

355 


25 
39 

132 
86 
32 

160 


182 


Rental of farmland 


1982.. 
$1.000.1987.. 

1982.. 

.. farms. 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


165 
1 066 

161 
636 


Sales of forest products and Chnstmas 


farms 1987 


113 
878 
208 
456 


65 
461 
83 
68 


16 
121 
27 
63 


32 




$1,000. 1987.. 


296 
98 




$1,000, 1987.. 


324 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 












Total 


.. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 


143 

53 

4 256 

1 725 


16 

1 605 

695 


1 205 
166 


58 
26 

1 446 
864 


Com 

Wheat 

Soybeans 


.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


133 

3 877 

10 

20 

340 


35 

1 369 

3 

9 
fD) 


1 192 
(D) 
(D) 


54 
1 316 
6 
(D) 
5 


Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Cotton 

Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey 


.. farms. 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


6 
19 


(D) 




5 
(Dl 



'Data are based on a sample of farms 
^Farms with total production expenses equal to n 
)n a sample of farms; 



30ata for 1987 < 



included as farms with gams 



144 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 



introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Average size of (arm. 



Average per larm. 
Average per acre . 



.number. 1987 
1982 

...acres, 1987 
1982 

...acres, 1987 









acres.. 




acres., 
farms 




acres.. 


140 to 179 acres 


acres., 
farms 




acres.. 


220 to 259 acres 


acres., 
farms 


260 to 499 acres 






acres.. 






2,000 acres or more 






acres.. 



10 to 49 acres farms 

acres 
50 to 69 acres farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

too to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

acres 
220 to 259 acres farms 



1 ,000 to 1 
2,000 acri 



Total cropland farms. 



cropland farms. 

acres, 

Cropland used only for pasture or grazing farms, 

acres. 



Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and 
soil-improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured farms. 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



2 966 

3 338 
608 245 
655 465 



25 939 
264 

30 680 
176 

27 625 

153 
30 159 

116 
27 734 

322 
114 859 



670 476 

528 150 

2 769 



3 594 

34 

5 250 



DELAWARE 145 



Table 5 Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



All Farms 
















Delaware 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 


LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 












USE-Con. 












Total cropland-Con 












Other cropland-Con 












Cropland on whicti all crops failed 


farms, 1987.- 


188 


76 








acres 


1987;; 


55 
6 696 


21 


15 
372 


19 
4 429 






1982.. 




290 


(D) 


(D) 


Cropland in cultivated summer fallow .. . 


__ farms 


1987.. 
1982.. 


36 


16 


8 


1 






1987.. 


902 


384 


262 


256 






1982.. 


279 


176 


(D) 


(D) 


Cropland idle 


.. farms 


1987.. 


612 


183 


130 


299 






1982.. 


209 


64 


72 


73 




acres 


1987.. 


37 099 


12 021 


9 412 


15 666 






1982.. 


4 182 


1 595 


1 551 


1 036 


Total woodland 


.. farms 


1987.. 


1 239 


417 


155 


667 






1982.. 


1 451 


500 


205 


746 






1987.. 


75 156 


20 886 


7 839 


46 431 






1982.. 


91 736 


24 321 


8 619 


58 796 


Woodland pastured 


f rm 
.- arms 


1987 


141 


58 


25 


58 






1982.. 


197 


82 


31 








1987.. 


3 714 


1 910 


319 


1 485 






1982.. 


6 928 


1 610 


875 


4 443 


Woodland not pastured .- 


.. farms 


1987.. 


1 158 


385 


141 


632 






1982.. 


1 338 


463 


189 


686 




acres 


1987.. 


71 442 


18 976 


7 520 


44 946 






1982.. 




22 711 


7 744 


54 353 


Other land 


farms 
arm 


1987.. 
1982.. 


2 042 


570 
664 


275 
342 


1 197 






1 192 






1987.. 


31 799 


10 181 


7 997 


13 621 






1982.. 


42 625 


11 000 


9 284 


22 341 


Pastureland and rangeland other than 














cropland and woodland pastured..- 


.. farms 


1987.. 


212 


88 


42 








1982.. 


209 


66 


54 


89 




acres 


1987.. 


4 824 


2 334 


1 072 


1 418 






1982.. 


12 490 


2 054 


1 790 


8 646 


Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 














wasteland, etc 




1987.. 


1 994 


553 


267 


1 174 






1982.. 


2 148 


651 


324 


1 173 






1987 


26 975 


7 847 


6 925 


12 203 






1982.. 


30 135 


8 946 


7 494 


13 695 


Pastureland. all types 


farms 

... 


1987.. 


736 


301 


147 


288 






1982.. 


858 


333 


171 


354 






1987.. 


18 738 


8 117 


4 034 


6 587 






1982.. 


31 792 


7 976 


6 702 


17 114 


Cropland diverted under annual commodity 














acreage adiustmeni programs 


... farms 


1987.. 


450 


140 


117 


193 






1982.. 


39 


8 


22 


9 






1987.. 


29 683 


8 362 


(D) 


(D) 






1982.. 


663 


289 


255 


119 


Cropland placed under the conservation 














reseree program 


... farms 


1987.. 


18 




2 


9 






1987.. 




612 


(D) 


(D) 



'Data are based on a sample of farr 



146 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations < 



ntroductory text] 



I harvested cropland 



HARVESTED CROPLAND BY SIZE 



1 to 


q " 




10 to 49 acres 


acres harvested, 
(arms 






7(1 Ir 


99 acres 


(arms 






acres harvested. 


I'm 




(arms 






acres harvested, 
(arms 


99n 


259 acres 


(arms 






acres harvested. 


snn 


999 acres 


(arms 








'nn 


3 acres or more 


(arms 


982 s 


ze of (arm: 




in 1 


49 acres 


acres harvested, 
farms 








7n t 


99 acres 


acres harvested, 
(arms 








I'm 


179 acres 


acres harvested. 






acres harvested. 






acres harvested 


?fin 


499 acres 


acres harvested 






acres harvested 


1 nn 


D to 1 999 acres 


acres harvested 
(arms 






acres harvested 






acres harvested 



10 to 


1 9 acres 


20 to 


29 acres 


30 to 


49 acres 










200 








1 000 arrps or more 


982 a 

1 to 


cres harvested: 
9 acres 


10 Ic 


19 acres 


20 tc 


29 acres 



200 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



2 172 

2 700 

441 502 

499 986 



32 755 

424 

59 621 



6 349 

101 

8 005 



IB 857 

37 

24 686 

17 417 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 147 



Table 7 Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Farms with irrigation 



Land in irrigated farms . 




1982.. 
....acres. 1987.. 


Harvested cropland 

Otfier cropland, excluding cropland 


... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms 1987 






1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Paslureland, excluding 


woodland pastured 


... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 










acres 1987 


Hareesled cropland... 




1982.. 

... farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Paslureland and other 
1987 irngated acres by 


and 

size of larm: 


... farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


10 to 49 acres 




acres irrigated.. 






acres irrig^ated.. 






acres irrigated.. 


1 00 to 139 acres 




acres irrigated. . 






acres irrigated.. 






acres irngated.. 


180 to 219 acres... 




farms.. 


220 to 259 acres 




acres irrigated.. 


260 to 499 acres 




a'='es ''"abated.. 






acres irrigated.. 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 
2,000 acres or nnore 




acres irrigated.. 

farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 



1982 irrigated acres by size of farm: 



'° '^'^^ 


acres irrigated. 




acres irrigaled. 




acres irngated. 




acres irrig^ated. 


140 to 179 acres 


acres irrigated. 




acres irrigated. 


220 to 259 acres 


acres irrigated. 


260 to 499 acres 


acres irrigated. 


500 to 999 acres 


acres irrigated. 




acres irrigated. 


2 000 acres or more 


acres irrigated. 




acres irrigated. 



148 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 8 Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Dala are based on a sample ot farms For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory texfl 



el value of all machinery and 
equipment farms, 

Average per farm dollars, 

Farms by value group: 
$1 to $9.999 _ -. 

$10,000 to $19,999.., ---. 

$20,000 to $29.999 — . 

$30,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $69,999 --- 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 or more 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 

Motortrucks, including pickups 

Wheel tractors 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) . 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more ... 

Cottonpickers and strippers 

fvlower conditioners farms. 

Pickup balers 



1987 INVENTORY 







number. 


982.. 
987.. 
982.. 


number. 


982.- 
987.. 
982.. 
987 


"■farms 


987.. 


number. 




number, 


982.- 
987.. 


number. 


982.- 
987.. 


number. 


982.. 
987.. 
982.. 


number. 


982.. 
987.. 
982.. 



Manufactured 1983 to 1987: 
Motortrucks, including pickups 


numberl 
farms 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more 

Gram and bean combines 


farms! 

number. 
farms. 

number. 
(arms. 

number. 

farms. 


Pickup balers 


number, 
farms 


Manufactured prior to 1983: 
Motortrucks, including pickups 


number. 

farms. 

number. 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


farmsl 

number, 
farms 


Gram and bean combines 

Cottonpickers and strippers... 


number. 
farms. 

farms. 

number, 
farms 








number 



2 957 

3 338 
158 043 
153 587 

53 447 
46 012 



2 428 
6 341 

1 430 

2 286 



New Castle 



27 202 
22 601 
71 585 
46 314 



'Data for 1982 mclude self-propelled only 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 149 



Table 9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 

(Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texj 



Commercial fertilizer . 



except pastureland. 



- farms. 1987 

1982 
1 wtiich used, 1987 



Pastureland and rangeland fertilized _ 



farms 

1 which used. 



Insects on hay 



granules, tumigants. etc.. 



farms. 

1 which used. 



Nematodes in crops - farms. 

acres on which used. 



acres on which i 



2 107 
363 365 
400 710 



23 904 
16 975 

1 522 



150 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10 Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 



and 1982 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, ■ 



Characteristics 
















Delaware 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 


FARMS 












Land in farms 


... farms. 1987.. 


2 966 


857 


380 


1 729 




1982.. 


3 338 


1 009 


488 


1 841 




acres. 1987.. 


608 245 


201 444 


93 998 


312 eo3 




1982.. 


655 465 


210 109 


102 023 


343 333 


Hareested cropland 


... farms. 1987.. 


2 172 


721 


324 


1 127 




1982.. 


2 700 


905 


434 


1 361 




acres, 1987.. 


441 502 


150 674 


64 358 


226 470 




1982.. 


499 986 


167 936 


77 566 


254 484 


TENURE OF OPERATOR 












Full owners 


.. farms. 1987.. 


1 825 
1 951 


515 
559 


202 
265 


1 108 




1982.. 


1 127 




acres. 1987.. 


142 331 


53 700 


25 031 


63 800 




1982.. 


178 991 


56 061 


24 411 


98 519 


Harvested cropland 


... farms, 1987.. 


1 073 


388 


156 


529 




1982.. 


1 364 


464 


225 


675 




acres. 1967.. 




28 385 


11 118 


31 956 




1982.. 


102 031 


33 094 


11 735 


57 202 


Part owners 


... farms. 1987.. 


857 


248 


113 


496 




1982.. 


996 


309 


123 


564 




acres. 1987.. 


399 038 


127 369 


53 930 


217 739 




1982.. 


407 831 


126 864 


56 260 


224 707 


Owned land in farms 


....acres. 1987.. 


182 982 


53 716 


14 899 


114 367 




1982.. 


195 426 


56 898 


17 361 


121 167 


Rented land in farms 


....acres. 1987.. 


216 056 


73 653 


39 031 


103 372 




1982.. 


212 405 


69 966 


38 899 


103 540 


Han/ested cropland 


... farms. 1987.. 


841 


246 


110 


485 




1982.. 


986 


306 


122 


558 




acres. 1987.. 


312 687 


104 836 


41 912 


165 939 




1982.. 


335 977 


111 274 


46 312 


178 391 


Tenants 


... farms. 1987.. 


284 


94 


65 


125 




1982.. 


391 


141 


100 


150 




acres. 1987.. 


66 876 


20 375 


15 037 


31 464 






68 643 


27 184 


21 352 


20 107 


Harvested cropland 


... farms. 1987!; 


258 


87 


58 


113 




1982.. 


350 


135 


87 


128 




acres. 1987.. 


57 356 


17 453 


11 328 


28 575 






61 978 


23 568 


19 519 


18 891 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 












Operators by place of residence; 












On farm operated 


1987.. 


2 175 


648 


287 


1 240 




1982.. 


2 405 


755 


336 


1 314 


Not on farm operated 


1987.. 


481 




76 


259 




1982.. 


506 


148 


113 


245 






310 
427 


65 
106 


15 
39 


230 




1982;; 


282 


Operators by principal occupation: 












Farming 


1987.. 




483 


211 


1 080 




1982.. 


1 956 


596 


277 


1 081 


Other 


1987.. 


1 192 


374 


169 


649 




1982.. 


1 382 




211 


760 


Operators by days of work off farm: 














1987.. 


1 263 




164 


767 




1982.. 


1 367 


384 




760 


Any 


1987.. 


1 426 


455 


188 


783 




1982.. 




535 


232 


862 


1 to 49 days 


1987.. 


166 


57 


22 


87 




1982.. 


185 


71 


22 


92 


50 to 99 days 


1987.. 


88 


26 


5 


57 




1982.. 


70 


30 


9 


31 


100 to 149 days __ 


1987.. 




18 


8 


55 




1982.. 


100 


30 




62 


150 to 199 days 


1987.. 


136 


45 


24 


67 




1982.. 


145 




20 


31 


200 days or more 


1987.. 


955 


309 


129 


517 




1982.. 


1 129 


360 


173 


596 


Not reported 


1987.. 


277 


70 


28 


179 




1982.. 


342 


90 


33 


219 














2 years or less 


1987.. 


176 




25 


97 




1982.. 


177 


77 


19 


81 


3 or 4 years 


.1987.. 


189 


55 


24 


110 




1982.. 


304 


100 


59 


145 


5 to 9 years 


1987.. 


398 


134 


55 


209 




1982.. 


499 


149 


82 


268 


10 years or more 


1987.. 


1 588 


466 


219 


903 




1982.. 


1 559 


458 


245 


856 


Average years on present farm 


1987.. 


19 3 


18,0 


19.5 


^2-2 




1982.. 


181 


158 


17.4 


19.6 


Not reported __ 


1987.. 


615 


148 


57 


410 




1982.. 


799 


225 


83 


491 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 151 



Table 10. 



Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 
and 1982-Con. 



1987 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by age group 
Under 25 years 


1987 


25 to 34 years 


1982. 
1987 




1982. 




1982. 


55 to 64 years 


1982- 
1987 




1982. 


60 to 64 years 


1987 








1982.. 


70 years and over 








Operators by sex: 


1982.. 
farms. 1987.. 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family {sole proprietorship). farms, 



2 676 

3 088 
590 036 



Ottier tfian family t 



152 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



INVENTORY 

Cattle and calve 



Farms by inventory; 



1 to 9 




1 to 19 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 




1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 




1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 




1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 




1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 


500 or more 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 


Cows and heifers that had calved 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


1987 farms by inventory. 


1982.. 
' 1982" 


10 to 19 


number.. 


20 to 49 


number.. 




number.. 


100 to 199 


number.. 




number.. 


500 or more 






number.. 


1987 farms by inventory; 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


10 to 19 


number.. 


20 to 49 


number.. 


50 to 99 


number.. 


100 to 199 


number.. 


200 to 499 


number.. 


500 or more _ farms" 




number.. 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982,. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves ... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 153 



Table 11 Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




154 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 and 1982 




Hogs and pigs sold 

1987 larms by number sold: 


1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 
S1.000, 1987. 

1982. 




number. 








number. 


200 to 499 






number. 


1 000 or more 


number, 
farms 


Feeder pigs sold 

Hogs and pigs olher than feeder pigs so 


.... farms. 1987. 
1982. 

1982' 

$1,000, 1987 

1982. 

^""^' 1982 

number. 1987 

1982 

SI, 000, 1987 

1982 



1 i^l 



15 343 
14 429 
1 409 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 155 



Table 13 Sheep and Horses— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



I lambs inventory. 



Ewes 1 year old or older . 



Sheep and lambs s 



Sheep and lambs ; 



Sheep, lambs, and wool sold . 



; and ponies inventory. 



Horses and ponies sold farms. 



156 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



INVENTORY 



Any poultry __ 
Chickens 3 r 



; old or older. 



1987 farms by inventory: 



10,000 to 19,S 



laying age farms, 1987. 



Pullet chicks and pullets under 3 r 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens . 



Turkeys farms. 1987. 



Ducks, geese, and other poultry. 



' sold farms, 1987. 



Hens and pullets of laying age s 



1982. 
. farms. 1987. 

1982. 
number. 1987. 

1982. 
t of laying age sold farms. 1987. 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold... farms, 1987. 
1982. 

' 19821 
1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59,999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 to 199,999 

200,000 to 499,999. 

500,000 or more farms. 

Turkeys sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

Turkeys for slaughter sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Ducks, geese, and other poultry sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 



31 112 162 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 157 



Table 15. 



Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 

I symbols. 



Irrigated farms. 



Irrigated farms. 1987. 

1982. 

■ 1982! 

1987 farms by acres tiarvesled: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres _ 

250 acres or more 

Barley for gram farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

bustlels, 1987. 



1982. 

1987 farms by acres tiarvested: 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

Soybeans for beans farms, 1987. 

1982, 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

bushels. 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms,1987. 

1982. 
acres. 1987. 



1987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 10 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 



farms, 1987 

1982 

acres, 1987 



farms, 1987.. 



130 234 
150 676 
876 539 
880 293 



32 642 

33 951 
897 161 
912 955 



219 941 

264 971 

4 143 975 

6 373 519 



18 341 
16 926 
43 254 



20 882 
643 694 
760 073 



70 261 
76 071 
249 800 
634 937 



3 726 

6 046 

176 277 

229 816 



17 146 
26 625 
453 550 
752 240 



158 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 

[Data (or 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see mtroduclory tex^ 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms farms. 

acres. 
Average size of (arm acres, 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars, 

Total cropland farms. 

Harvested cropland... _ farms. 

Irrigated land... farms. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) $1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

Average per farm dollars. 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 sales by commodity or commodity 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops. -- farms, 

$1,000. 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 
Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wfieat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans. farms. 

$1,000, 

Sorghum for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley (arms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000, 
Other grains farms, 

$1,000, 

Cotton and cottonseed _ farms, 

$1,000 
Tobacco farms 

$1,000 
Hay. silage, and field seeds farms 

$1,000 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms 

$1,000 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$ 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products I 

Poultry and poultry products I 

$i.uuu. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool farms, 

$1,000, 
Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table 



440 018 
366 669 
236 696 
168 197 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 159 



Table 16 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con 

[Data tor 1987 include abnormal (arms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 



Cash grams (Oil) 

Field crops, except casti grams (013). 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish po 
field crops, except cash grains, n e 

(0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) _.. 



, except dairy, poultry, and animal 
specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 



Dairy (arms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025).. 
Animal specialties (027) . 
General farms, primarily I 
specialties (029) 



FARMS BY SIZE 



220 to 259 acres . 
260 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 



Tenants farms, 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence 
On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation; 
Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

1 to 49 days 

50 to 99 days 



See 



160 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



1987 and 1982-Con. 



Operators by days of work off farm -Con 
Any — Con 

150 to 199 days 1987. 





1987 




1982. 


1987 operators by years on present farm; 


1982. 




5 to 9 years 




Average years on present farm 


1987 operators by age group: 


25 to 34 years 












TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) 


... farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 


Corporation: 
Family held 


1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 


Other than family held 


1982. 
acres, 1987. 

1982. 
farms, 1987 


Other -cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc. 


1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

... farms, 1987. 



1987 FARM PRODUCTION 
EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestocl^ and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms 

$1,000. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000 
Commercial fertilizer farms 

$1,000 
Agricultural chemicals farms 

$1,000 

Petroleum products farms 

$1,000 

Electricity.. farms 

$1,000 

Hired farm labor farms 

$1,000 

Contract labor ,._ farms. 

$1,000, 
Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 

si.ooo! 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Properly taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
All other farm production expenses farms. 



See 



370 478 
1 200 
53 253 
1 300 

186 851 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 161 



Table 16 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tex^ 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT' 



: value of all machinery z 



Motortrucks, including pickups . 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 

Cattle and calves inventory I 

Cows and heifers that had calved \ 

Beef cows farms. 

Milk cows farms. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves _„ farms 

Cattle and calves sold - farms 

number 

Calves farms, 

Cattle farms! 

Fattened on gram and concentrates farms 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms 

Used or to be used for breeding farms 

number 

Other farms, 

number 
Hogs and pigs sold farms 

Feeder pigs farms, 

Sheep and lambs inventory I 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

Hens and pullets of laying age inventory farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms. 

See footnotes at end of table 



162 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texj 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for gram or seed 

bu 
Wheat tor gram farms. 

Barley for gram farms, 

acres 
bushels. 

Soybeans for beans farms, 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small gram. wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) farms. 

Vegetables harvested tor sale {see text) farms. 

acres, 



65 024 

1 718 878 

2 177 094 



31 547 

33 255 

1 840 364 

1 884 472 



246 178 

3 862 923 
6 001 109 



14 748 
14 222 
37 685 
33 878 



37 094 

50 924 

2 524 991 



13 619 
19 759 
580 975 
725 979 



18 043 

15 640 

1 063 807 

919 310 



62 064 
68 972 

152 076 
515 562 



119 813 

151 825 

2 269 545 



5 335 
3 696 
12 918 
8 711 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 163 



Table 17. Milk Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 









Sales 


Geographic area 


lr,ve,„o,y 


M.Ik goals 


Goat milk 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Gallons 


Total sales 
($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 

COUNTIES, 1987 


22 

35 

12 
10 


110 
208 

65 
45 


16 


133 
109 

(0) 
(D) 


2 
3 

2 


(D) 
(D) 

(D) 


13 
(NA) 


(D) 
(D) 

3 











Table 18. Angora Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[Not published lor this Stale] 



Table 19. Mink and Their Pelts— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[Not published lor this Slate] 



Table 20. Colonies of Bees and Honey— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 









Sales 


Geographic area 


Inver.iuiy 


Colonies of bees 


Honey 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


(SI. 000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 

COUNTIES, 1987 

New Casile"!";'""";! 
Sussex.. 


65 
68 

27 
9 
29 


843 
832 

364 
73 
406 


5 
3 


101 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


20 
15 

6 
3 


13 265 

6 794 
8 322 


23 
(NA) 

7 
3 
13 


(D) 
9 



164 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 21 Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 

INol published for Ihis Stale] 



Table 22. Miscellaneous Poultry- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 





Irvenlory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Inventory 


Sales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


DUCKS 










PHEASANTS 










State Total 










State Total 










Delaware 1987._ 

1982._ 


34 
45 


786 

1 552 


26 


(D) 
1 022 


Delaware ..1987.. 

1982.. 


5 


195 
210 


2 


(0) 


Counties, 1987 










QUAIL 












13 
8 
13 


223 
199 
363 


2 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


State Total 

Delaware ..........1987.. 


2 


2 300 
(D) 


3 




Newcastle 

Sussex 


5 000 
(D) 


GEESE 










OTHER 
POULTRY 










State Total 










State Total 










Delaware 1987. _ 

1982._ 


16 
23 


169 
241 


10 


64 
86 


1982.. 


'I 


(D) 
210 


I 


691 
577 


Counties. 1987 










Counties, 1987 












5 
3 
8 


50 
88 


2 


(D) 
(0) 
(D) 




9 


(D) 
41 
(D) 


6 
2 


(D) 




Newcastle 

Sussex 




Newcastle 

Sussex 


(D) 


PIGEONS OR 
SQUAB 










POULTRY 
HATCHED (SEE 
TEXT) 










State Total 

Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 


5 
3 


(D) 
(D) 


5 


1 l?l 


State Total 

Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 

Counties, 1987 


17 


13 275 740 
13 501 301 


32 


162 682 403 
133 598 946 


Counties, 1987 


5 


(D) 


, 


(D) 


Kent 


6 

1 
10 


13 255 905 


6 
12 


(0) 


Kent 


New Castle 

Sussex 


162 656 865 



Table 23 Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning ol abbreviation 


and symbols 


see introduct 


ory text] 




















Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 










Sales 
(51,000) 










Sales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


(SI. 000) 


MULES. 
BURROS, AND 
DONKEYS 












MULES, 
BURROS, AND 
DONKEYS- 

Con. 












State Total 
























Delaware ...1987.. 

1982.. 

Counties, 1987 


22 


43 


2 
3 


(D) 


(D) 
2 


Counties, 1987- 

Con. 














9 


21 


1 


(D) 


(D) 




7 


13 


, 


(D) 









1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 165 



Table 23 Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties- Inventory and 
Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning ol abbreviation 


and symbols 


see introduc 


ory text] 




















Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Inve 


itory 


Sales 


Geographic area 
























Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


($1,000) 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


($1,000) 


GOATS, TOTAL 












GOATS, EXCEPT 
ANGORA AND 

MILK-Con 












State Total 












Counties, 1987 














62 
62 


465 
409 


29 
29 


326 
153 


(NA) 




15 
5 
27 


51 
14 
290 


2 
2 

15 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


(D) 






(D) 


Delaware 1987.. 

1982-- 


Sussex 
















RABBITS AND 
THEIR PELTS 












Counties, 1987 












State Total 














25 
5 
32 


116 
335 


9 
2 
18 


(D) 
(D) 
213 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


Delaware 1987.. 

1982.- 

Countles, 1987 


14 


974 
1 010 


6 


1 925 
(D) 


12 


Newcastle 

Sussex - 
















Kent 

Newcastle 


5 


468 
(D) 
(D) 


3 
2 
3 


720 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


GOATS, EXCEPT 
ANGORA AND 
MILK 

State Total 












OTHER 
LIVESTOCK 
AND 

LIVESTOCK 
PRODUCTS 

State Total 












Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 


28 


356 
(D) 


19 
12 


193 
(D) 


7 
(D) 


Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 


(NA) 


(X) 
(X) 


5 
(NA) 


(X) 
(X) 


9 



Table 24 Grains— Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





,„ 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irngated 


Ha.es.ed 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 




Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


CORN FOR GRAIN OR SEED 
(BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


1 076 


130 234 


9 876 539 


145 




22 314 


1 363 


150 676 


14 880 293 


132 




17 771 


Counties 




























332 
195 
549 


38 846 
34 367 


2 585 645 
2 717 613 
4 573 081 


21 
118 




(D) 

(D) 

18 250 


495 
262 
606 


52 712 
37 998 
59 966 


5 018 061 

4 026 275 

5 835 957 


25 
97 




(D) 


New Castle 

Sussex 


13 5'9^i 


SORGHUM FOR GRAIN OR 
SEED (BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


21 


864 


23 705 


' 




(D) 


6 


115 


4 407 






- 


WHEAT FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


630 


43 573 


1 827 869 


33 




2 604 


783 


56 867 


2 234 788 


23 




2 136 


Counties 




























227 
85 


15 416 
3 726 
24 431 


643 694 

176 277 

1 007 898 


33 




2 604 


313 
101 
369 


20 882 
6 046 
29 939 


760 073 

229 816 

1 244 899 


3 

20 




246 




1 890 



166 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 24 Grains— Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







1982 


Geographrc area 


Harvested 


Irngaled 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


BARLEY FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


360 


32 642 


1 897 161 


12 




1 346 


471 


33 951 


1 912 955 


12 




611 


Counties 






175 
34 
151 


18 813 
1 734 
12 095 


1 101 936 
668 156 


2 




(D) 

(D) 

1 106 


207 
45 
219 


16 095 
2 271 
15 585 


937 346 
139 326 
836 283 


8 




204 


New Caslle 

Sussex 


407 


OATS FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


59 


573 


34 955 


- 






108 


1 236 


67 034 


1 




(D) 


Counties 


























Kent 


42 
6 


81 
78 


26 035 
3 290 
5 630 


: 






87 
10 


955 
94 
187 


53 367 
4 956 
8 711 


\ 




(D) 


New Caslle 

Sussex 




RYE FOR GRAIN (BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


64 


906 


22 927 








120 


1 472 


36 337 








Counties 


























Kent 


'4 


226 
60 


5 600 
2 000 
15 327 






\ 


9 
74 


422 
92 
958 


8 936 
2 777 
24 624 






. 


New Castle 




Sussex 


- 



Table 25 Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and 
Peanuts: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning ol abbrevialrons and symbols. 


see introductory text] 
























1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Ha.ested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


SOYBEANS FOR BEANS 
(BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


1 515 


219 941 


4 143 975 


117 




11 763 


1 991 


264 971 


6 373 519 


84 




7 012 


Counties 


























Kent 


469 
899 


70 261 
17 146 
132 534 


1 249 800 
453 550 

2 440 625 


24 
5 
88 




1 860 

300 

9 603 


617 

208 

1 166 


76 071 
26 625 
162 275 


1 634 937 

752 240 

3 986 342 


21 
3 
60 




(D) 


New Castle 

Sussex 


5 074 


DRY EDIBLE BEANS, 
EXCLUDING DRY LIMAS 
(CWT) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


, 




(D) 


4 


172 


1 90O 









1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 167 



Table 25 Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and 
Peanuts: 1987 and 1982-Con 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic a-ea 


Harvested 


irrigate. 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


IRISH POTATOES (CWT) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


42 


8 188 


1 559 022 


26 




3 646 


46 


5 573 


1 332 103 


21 




2 506 


Counties 




























20 
12 
10 


5 566 

2 589 

34 


434 883 
3 503 


15 
8 
3 




3 012 


28 
10 


4 054 
(D) 
(D) 


945 455 
(D) 
(D) 


15 
5 




1 982 


New Caslle 

Sussex 


i^l 


SWEETPOTATOES 
(BUSHELS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


8 


14 


3 289 


3 




1 


9 


10 


1 465 


1 




(D) 



Table 26 Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





„, 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irngated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


FIELD SEED AND GRASS 
SEED CROPS 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


6 


82 


(X) 








8 


111 


(X) 


- 






RED CLOVER SEED 
(POUNDS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


5 


(D) 


4 007 








6 


(D) 


9 092 






- 


HAY-ALFALFA, OTHER 
TAME, SMALL GRAIN, 
WILD, GRASS SILAGE, 
GREEN CHOP, ETC. (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


539 


,8 341 


43 254 


20 




699 


609 


16 926 


38 149 


6 




105 


Counties 


























Newcasi'ie';iiiii--;-";';;;-^;i;;;;;;; 

Sussex 


264 
122 
153 


7 044 

5 161 

6 136 


13 594 
15 459 

14 201 


7 
13 




189 

510 


311 
142 
156 


6 739 
6 086 
4 101 


12 104 
9 436 


2 




(D) 
(Dl 


ALFALFA HAY (TONS. DRY) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


302 


7 879 


23 895 


13 




365 


307 


5 356 


16 689 


3 




38 


Counties 


























Kent 

New Castle 


154 
80 


2 669 
2 579 


6 105 
9 584 
8 206 


8 




107 
258 


158 
76 
73 


2 261 
2 104 


7 259 
6 408 
3 022 


2 




(D) 


Sussex 





168 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 26 Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





.987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irngated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farrrrs 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


SMALL GRAIN HAY (TONS, 
DRY) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


95 


2 099 


4 097 








67 


1 392 


2 477 


- 




- 


Counties 


























Kent 


58 
20 


1 020 
479 
600 


1 880 
951 






= 


30 
26 


3?^ 
(D| 


(D) 
649 
(D) 


- 










Sussex 




TAME HAY OTHER THAN 
ALFALFA, SMALL GRAIN, 
AND WILD HAY (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


275 


4 811 


9 774 


3 




(D) 


360 


6 265 


12 319 


4 




67 


Counties 


























Kent 


137 
64 


2 120 
1 300 
1 391 


3 760 
3 331 


2 




(D) 


77 
82 


2 897 
1 814 

1 554 


3 465 


2 
2 




(D) 
(D) 


New Castle _. 

Sussex 


WILD HAY (TONS, DRY) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


29 


652 


971 


- 




- 


24 


1 525 


1 344 








Counties 


























New Castle 


15 


344 


429 








18 
(NA) 


1 511 
(NA) 


1 323 
(NA) 


(NA) 








(NA) 


GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, 
AND GREEN CHOP HAY 
(TONS, GREEN) 
















State Total 


























Delaware 


53 


2 900 


13 559 


5 




(D) 


72 


2 388 


15 961 








Counties 


























Kent 

New Castle 

Sussex 


29 
8 

16 


1 139 

459 

1 302 


5 125 
2 548 
5 886 


2 
3 




(D) 
(D) 


17 


1 255 
318 
615 


8 979 
1 766 
5 216 








CORN FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS, 
GREEN) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


154 
























Counties 


























Kent 


100 
19 
35 


5 871 
1 233 
4 005 


44 940 
17 850 
48 701 


3 




(D) 

(d") 


129 
36 


1 290 

4 711 


50 575 
18 420 
76 801 


2 

3 




(D) 
(D) 




Sussex 


SORGHUM FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS, 
GREEN) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


13 


258 


1 570 


1 




(D) 


28 


283 


4 311 


































Sussex ___ 

All other counties 


7 
6 


220 
38 


1 219 

351 


\ 




(D) 


6 
(NA) 


(NA) 


696 

(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 169 



Table 27. Vegetables, 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 
Geographic area 

LAND USED FOR 
VEGETABLES (SEE TEX 

State Total 

Delaware ._ 

Counties 

Newcastle 

VEGETABLES HARVESTE 
(SEE TEXT) 

State Total 

Delaware 

Counties 

New Caslte'IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII! 

ASPARAGUS 
State Total 

Delaware 

Counties 

Kent 

All ottier counties 

GREEN LIMA BEANS 
State Total 

Delaware 

Counties 

Sussex 

All ottier counties 

SNAP BEANS 
Stale Total 

Delaware 

Counties 

BEETS 
State Total 

Delaware 

Counties 

BROCCOLI 
State Total 

Counties 

Newcastle 

170 DELAWARE 



Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 

see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


LAND USED FOR 
VEGETABLES (SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 


















Delaware ._ 


317 


39 779 


185 


21 931 


367 


36 845 


158 


15 760 


Counties 


















Kent 


105 
36 
176 


19 455 
1 556 
18 769 


59 
112 


10 671 
10 445 


52 
197 


16 747 
1 212 
18 886 


49 
13 
96 


8 217 


New Castle 




Sussex 


6 825 


VEGETABLES HARVESTED 
(SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


317 


43 036 


185 


23 775 


367 


40 421 


158 


17 042 


Counties 


















Kent _- 


105 
36 
176 


21 360 
1 562 
20 114 


59 
112 


11 796 

817 

11 162 


52 
197 


1 306 
19 513 


49 
13 
96 


9 049 


New Castle 

Sussex 


724 
7 270 


ASPARAGUS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


10 


248 


2 


(D) 


,, 


1 477 


3 


(D) 


Counties 


















Kent 


6 


(D) 
(D) 


2 


(D) 


(NA) 


1 463 
(NA) 


2 

(NA) 


(D) 


All other counties -.--' 


(NA) 


GREEN LIMA BEANS 


















State Total 


















Delaware „ 


71 


13 449 


34 


3 557 


58 


11 436 


23 


1 952 


Counties 


















Sussex 


43 


6 794 


24 
10 


2 052 


35 
(NA) 


6 374 
(NA) 


13 
(NA) 


1 103 




(NA) 


SNAP BEANS 


















Stale Total 


















Delaware 


44 


3 170 


26 


2 586 


54 


3 429 


21 


1 427 


Counties 


















Sussex 


29 
15 


1 791 
1 379 


18 


1 618 
968 


33 


1 718 
(NA) 


13 
(NA) 


804 
(NA) 


BEETS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


6 


2 


2 


(D) 


3 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


Counties 


















Sussex 

All other counties 


3 
3 


(Z) 


2 


(D) 


(NAl 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(Na! 


BROCCOLI 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


17 


72 


14 


70 


13 


21 


8 


19 


Counties 






7 
5 
5 


47 
16 
8 


5 
5 


45 
8 


6 

(NA) 


(D) 

(NA) 


(NA) 


13 


^i^^^^;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;: 


5 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


HEAD CABBAGE 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


15 


(D) 


,, 


(D) 


18 


508 


12 


479 


Counties 


















Newcastle":;:::::::::::;::;:;::::;:;: 

Sussex ._ 


6 
5 


11 


3 


(D) 
(D) 
10 


7 
5 


(D) 


5 
3 


(D) 
26 
(D) 


CANTALOUPS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


72 


284 


51 


190 


74 


298 


45 


153 


Counties 




















7 
51 


47 
40 
198 


9 
38 


(D) 
(D) 


6 
54 


58 

7 

233 


8 
33 


(D) 


Sussex 


(D) 
123 


CARROTS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


10 


680 


6 


472 


10 


1 193 


5 


238 


CAULIFLOWER 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


12 


73 


9 


72 


15 


101 


12 


98 


Counties 


















New Castle -^. 

All other couhties 


6 
6 


5 
68 


5 


5 
67 


6 
(NA) 


(D) 
(NA) 


6 

(NA) 


(□) 
(NA) 


COLLARDS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


' 


2 


2 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


' 


(D) 


GREEN COWPEAS AND 
GREEN SOUTHERN PEAS 


















State Total 














, 




Delaware 


3 


(D) 


3 


(D) 


3 


(D) 






CUCUMBERS AND PICKLES 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


31 


1 985 


19 


1 825 


67 


1 755 


43 


1723 


Counties 


















Kent 


20 


1 560 
424 


13 
6 


1 412 
413 


27 
(NA) 


1 342 


15 


1 327 


All other counties "IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII^I] 


(NA) 


OKRA 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


4 


, 


2 


(D) 


5 


2 


2 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 171 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Han/ested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


GREEN PEAS, EXCLUDING 
GREEN COWPEAS 


















State Total 




































Counties 


















Kenl 


30 
3 
33 


5 555 

235 

4 061 


18 
3 
24 


3 213 

235 

2 304 


26 
10 
31 


5 647 

394 

4 052 


16 
15 




New Castle 

Sussex ._ 


290 
1 525 


HOT PEPPERS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


47 


158 


22 




40 


96 


8 


25 


Counties 


















Kent 


31 
3 
13 


137 
(D) 
(D) 


14 


50 
(D) 
(D) 


35 

3 

(NA) 


88 

(D) 
(NA) 


7 


(D) 
(NA) 


New Castle _ 

Sussex 


SWEET PEPPERS 


















State Total 
































16 


62 


Counties 


















Kent 


21 
3 
12 


123 
18 


16 


(D) 
(D) 


21 
6 


110 
3 


2 

7 




New Castle 

Sussex 


IS 


PUMPKINS 


















State Total 


































20 


Counties 


















Kent 


7 
5 
21 


39 
73 


5 


32 
49 


(NA) 
5 
15 


(NA) 
(D) 
26 


(NA) 
5 


(NA) 
(D) 
(D) 


New Castle 

Sussex 


SPINACH 


















State Total 


















Delaware 












(D) 


3 




SQUASH 














State Total 


















Delaware 


16 


247 


10 


102 


18 


166 


g 


82 


Counties 


















Kent.._. 

Sussex 


5 

11 


IS 


3 


!C! 


3 
13 


(D) 
(D) 


2 
5 


IS 


SWEET CORN 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


109 


7 643 


68 


5 739 


140 


6 120 


64 


4 043 


Counties 


















Kent 

New Castle 

Sussex 


30 
24 
55 


3 681 

1 001 

2 962 


21 
39 


3 166 
327 

2 246 


35 
39 
66 


2 451 
595 

3 075 


38 


1 958 

233 

1 853 



172 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27 Vegetables, 

[For meaning 



Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con 





,.., 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


TOMATOES 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


63 


887 


38 


661 


74 


1 096 


31 


535 


Counties 


















Kent 


8 
12 
43 


97 
749 


5 
29 


579 


16 


162 
43 
891 


6 
21 


(D) 


New Caslle 




Sussex 




TURNIPS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


7 


37 


2 


(D) 


10 


14 


5 


(D) 


Counties 




















' 


25 
12 


2 


(d') 


3 
(NA) 


(D) 
(NA) 


,NA^ 


(D) 






MIXED VEGETABLES 




State Total 


















Delaware 


' 


14 


3 


9 


12 


24 


1 


(D) 


WATERMELONS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


103 


1 589 


70 


1 246 


119 


1 311 


62 


923 


Counties 




















13 
3 
87 


89 

3 

1 498 


8 
61 


1 227 


13 

3 

103 


112 

3 

1 196 


6 
3 
53 


69 
3 


Sussex 




OTHER VEGETABLES 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


7 


7 


3 


5 


3 


(D) 


2 


(0) 


Counties 




















I 


3 


2 


(D) 
(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
(D) 


(NA, 


(NA) 


Sussex _. 





Table 28 Frults and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 

[For meanmg of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Total 


Trees or vines n 


at of bearing age 


Trees or vines of bearing age 






Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


LAND IN 
ORCHARDS 






















State Total 






















Delaware ...1987.. 

1982.. 


36 
47 


1 378 
1 289 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 
(X) 




(X) 
(X) 


Counties, 1987 






















K 


13 


(D) 


(X) 

m 
m 


(X) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


(X) 


(X) 
(X) 




(X) 


Newcastle 

Sussex 


(X) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 173 



Table 28 Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 


Total 


Trees or vines n 


ot ol beanng age 


Trees or vines 


o( bearing age 


Harvested 


Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


APPLES 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


.1987.. 
1982.. 


18 
24 


1 029 
888 


67 622 
77 531 


10 


13 550 
(D) 


16 
21 


54 072 
(D) 


1? 


21 611 2O0 
21 978 816 


Counties, 1987 






















Kent 




8 
10 


(D) 
(D) 


(D) 
(D) 


6 


(D) 
(D) 


6 
10 


n 


3 
6 


(D) 


All olfier counties.. 




(D) 


CHERRIES, 
TOTAL (SEE 
TEXT) 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


1982;; 


5 


2 
(D) 


14 
(D) 


2 


ss 


2 


n 


^ 


(D) 


SWEET 
CHERRIES 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


1987.. 


4 


1 


8 


2 


(D) 


' 


(D) 




- 


TART 
CHERRIES 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


1987.. 


3 


' 


6 


2 


(D) 


1 


(D) 




- 


GRAPES (SEE 
TEXT) (FRESH 
WEIGHT) 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


1987.. 
1982.. 


19 
17 


33 
34 


16 288 

17 197 


12 


915 
(D) 


19 
16 


15 373 
(D) 


9 


(D) 
132 020 


Counties, 1987 






















Kent 




9 
6 


20 


9 716 

IS 


5 
3 


275 


9 


9 441 

IS 


5 
3 


(D) 


New Castle 


560 


Sussex 




(D) 


NECTARINES 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


.1987.. 
1982.. 


3 


12 


1 262 






3 


1 262 


3 


(D) 


Counties, 1987 






















Sussex 




' 


12 


1 262 


- 




3 


1262 


3 


(D) 


PEACHES 






















State Total 






















Delaware 


.1987.. 
1982-. 


22 

31 


299 
363 


26 532 
29 283 


9 
13 


11 984 


20 
26 


25 091 
17 299 


23 


967 530 




1 985 416 


Counties, 1987 






















K 




14 


IS! 

164 


(D) 

(D) 

14 268 


; 


(D) 
207 
(D) 


3 
3 


IS 
(D) 


3 


(Dl 


Newcasiie";;;";;!;;" 

Sussex 


(D) 
692 250 



174 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 

[For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





,„, 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farrrrs 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


BERRIES 


























State Total 


























Delaware -.. 


49 


214 


(X) 


27 




95 


49 


196 


(X) 


'7 




54 


Counties 


























Kent - 

New Castle 


22 

7 
20 


114 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


13 
10 




49 
16 
30 


20 
9 
20 


46 
26 

125 


(X) 
(X) 


2 
6 




31 
(D) 
(D) 


TAME BLUEBERRIES 
(POUNDS) 




State Total 


























Delaware 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


2 




(D) 


6 


(D) 


(D) 


' 




(D) 


RASPBERRIES (POUNDS) 


























State Total 


























Delaware 


^ 


8 


10 218 


3 




^ 


' 


(Z) 


395 






- 


STRAWBERRIES (POUNDS) 


























State Total 


























D 1 w r 


42 


118 


355 121 


24 




81 


42 


112 


360 336 


16 




(D) 


Counties 






20 


24 
25 


214 719 
58 900 
81 502 


9 




21 


8 
18 


41 
(D) 
(D) 


147 808 
108 200 
104 328 


8 
2 
6 




(D) 


New Castle 

Sussex 


(D) 



Table 30 Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Sq. ft. under 
glass or other 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


NURSERY AND 
GREENHOUSE CROPS 
(SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


96 


1 310 210 


951 


13 488 


106 


1 340 520 


1 280 


7 984 


Counties 


















Kent 


32 
34 
30 


107 887 

1 001 367 

200 956 


241 
75 


3 166 
8 359 
1 963 


27 
52 
27 


66 920 

1 110 150 
163 450 


472 
449 
359 


1 147 


New Castle 

Sussex 


1 840 


NURSERY, FLORICULTURE, 
VEGETABLE AND FLOWER 
SEED CROPS, SOD, ETC., 
GROWN IN THE OPEN, 
IRRIGATED (SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


32 


(X) 


512 


(X) 


27 


(X) 


428 


(X) 


Counties 


















Kent 


13 
4 
15 


(X) 
(X) 


(D) 
(D) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


9 
8 


(X) 


368 
22 

38 


(X) 






Sussex 


(X) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 175 



Table 30 Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con 



(Foe meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory le 


tl 
















1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Sq It under 
glass or other 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
(SI, 0001 


Farms 


Sq ft, under 
glass or other 


Acres m the 
open 


Sales 
(SI. 000) 


BEDDING PLANTS 


















State Total 


















Delaware __. 


33 


316 360 




1 415 


29 


146 910 


6 


440 


Counties 




Kent 


12 
8 
13 


58 691 
216 253 
41 416 


(D) 
(D) 


271 
158 


13 
9 

7 


45 080 
38 630 
63 200 


(D) 
(D) 


126 


Newcasiie";;;i;;^";i;;;";.""";"^ 

Sussex 


197 
117 


CUT FLOWERS AND CUT 
FLORIST GREENS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


12 


13 847 


,4 


92 


10 


11 550 


3 


35 


Counties 


















Kent 


5 


(0) 
(D) 


isi 


i 


(NA, 
(NA) 


(NA) 

11 55(J 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(D) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


Newcasi"ie"""i"ii;;iiii"i;;i;";];; 

Sussex 


34 
(NA) 


FOLIAGE AND POTTED 
FLOWERING PLANTS, 
TOTAL 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


30 


330 407 


29 


3 366 


31 


118 480 


(D) 


692 


Counties 


















K 


12 
6 
12 


(D) 
68 7?i 


(D) 


(D) 
9-0°^ 


8 

10 
13 


(D) 

45 950 

(D) 


(D) 
5 
20 


88 


New Castle .._ 

Sussex 


96 
508 


FOLIAGE PLANTS 


















State Total 


















Delaware _._. 


5 


22 266 


- 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


POTTED FLOWERING 
PLANTS 


















State Total 


















Delaware _-_ 


28 


308 141 


29 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


INAl 


(NA) 


Counties 


















K 


;i 


(D) 
(D) 


(D) 
(D) 
8 


222 

iR' 

(D) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


Newcastle";""""!"""]";;";;; 

Sussex 


(NA) 
(NA) 


MUSHROOMS 


















State Total 


















Delaware __. 


10 


510 570 


(X) 


3 891 


17 


980 000 


(X) 


3 875 


Counties 


















New Caslle 


10 


510 570 


(X) 


3 891 


17 


980 000 


(X) 


3 875 


NURSERY CROPS 


















State Total 


















Delaware 


35 


114 272 


765 


4 451 


35 


71 780 


1 092 


2 569 


Counties 


















K 


12 
12 


9 800 
20 288 
84 184 


472 
240 
54 


1 1^1 

(D) 


9 
18 


(D) 
34 020 

(D) 


(D) 
439 
(D) 


(D) 


Newcastle";;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; 
Sussex 


(D) 



176 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 30 Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con 

[For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see introduclory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Sq It. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Sq. H. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 


Sales 
($1,000) 


GREENHOUSE 
VEGETABLES 

State Total 

Delaware 


5 


14 254 


(X, 


32 


2 


(D) 


(X) 


(D) 



Table 31 Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning o( abbreviation 


and symbols. 


see introduclory text] 
























1987 


1982 


Geographic are 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Han/ested 


Irngated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


OTHER 

State Total 

Delaware 


' 


(D) 


(X) 






(NA) 


(D) 


(X) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



Table 32 Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 
1987 and 1982 

[For classification of social and ethnic groups, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 





^ 


Land in farms 






Ivlarket value 

ol 

agncullural 

products 

sold 

($1,000) 


Farms by value ol sales 






Occupation farming 


Qccupa 


tion other than farming 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Less than 
$2,500 


$2,500 to 
$9,999 


$10,000 or 


Less than 
$2,500 


$2,500 to 


$10,000 or 
more 


STATE TOTAL 


























Delaware 


_ 1987.. 
1982.. 


52 
59 


3 654 

4 951 


34 
55 


2 143 
4 057 


6 153 
1 261 


8 


6 

7 


19 
12 


13 
16 


5 


5 


COUNTIES, 1987 


























K 




3 
38 


396 
(D) 
(D) 


23 


251 
1 892 


51 
(D) 
(D) 


2 

5 


3 
3 


2 
17 


2 
2 
9 


2 
3 




s!^^!!^:::::::::::::::::: 


1 



Table 33 Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 

[For classification of social and ethnic groups, see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 





Full owners 


Pan owners 


Tenants 


Geographic area 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


Harvested 
cropland 


Number 


Land in 


cropland 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


cropland 


STATE TOTAL 




















Delaware 1987.. 

1982.. 


34 
33 


1 715 
1 213 


469 
764 


21 


1 858 
3 154 


1 605 

2 809 


6 
5 


81 
584 


484 


COUNTIES. 1987 




















Kent 


7 
3 
24 


1 307 


166 
303 


,^ 


(D) 
(D) 


(0) 

(d") 


3 
3 


(D) 

(D) 


(D) 


Newcastle. 

Sussex 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



DELAWARE 177 



Table 34 Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 




All farms 


Farms wilh sales of SI 0.000 or 
more' 
















Farrrs 


Land in 
farms 


Farms 


farms 


BLACK 












State Total 














1982.- 


32 


2 182 


9 


1 438 


Counties, 1987 












Sussex 




18 


1 737 


6 


(D) 


AMERICAN INDIAN 












State Total 












°""'"' - -- 


1987.. 

1982.- 


22 


1 522 

2 631 


2 
6 


(D) 


ASIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER 












State Total 












°"'™''""-- - - 


1982i; 


2 
2 


(D) 
(D) 


2 


(D) 
(D) 


OTHER RACES (SEE TEXT) 












State Total 












Delaware 


1987.. 


3 


(D) 
ID) 


8 


(D) 


Counties, 1987 












. 




8 

3 


(D) 


! 


(0) 











'. abnormal farms 



Table 35 Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 

[For classification of Spanish origin, see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tex^ 









AIM 


rms 


Farms with sales c 


1 $10,000 or 






Geographic area 
















Farms 


Land in 


Farms 


Land in 


STATE TOTAL 


















Delaware 




1987.. 

1982.. 


9 
3 


2 450 
451 


7 
2 






(D) 
(D) 


COUNTIES, 1987 


















Sussex 






5 


!C1 


3 






(D) 
(D) 





'Data for 1982 exclude abnormal f 



Table 36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 

178 DELAWARE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



APPENDIX A. 
General Explanation 



Page 

DATA COLLECTION A-1 

DATA PROCESSING A-2 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES A-2 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, AND 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS A-2 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS A-3 

FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED CHARACTERISTICS A-9 



DATA COLLECTION 

Method of Enumeration 

All agriculture censuses beginning with the 1969 census 
primarily have used mallout/mallback data collection. Direct 
enumeration methods, however, continue to be used for 
the agriculture census In Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. 
Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands. 

Mail List 

The mall list for the 1987 census was comprised of 
individuals, businesses, and organizations that could be 
readily Identified as being associated with agriculture. The 
list was assembled from the records of the 1982 census, 
administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service 
(IRS), and the statistical records of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture (USDA). In addition, lists of large or specialized 
operations, such as nurseries and greenhouses, specialty 
crop farms, poultry farms, fish farms, livestock farms, and 
cattle feedlot operations, were obtained from State and 
Federal agencies, trade associations, and similar organi- 
zations. Lists of companies having one or more establish- 
ments (or locations) producing agricultural products were 
obtained from the 1982 census and updated using the 
information from the Standard Statistical Establishment 
List maintained by the Census Bureau. Exhaustive record 
linkage, undupllcation, and mathematical modeling yielded 
a final mail list of 4.1 million names and addresses that had 
a substantial probability of being a farm operation. 

Report Forms 

In 1987, three different report forms were used — a 
two-page, a four-page, and a six-page form to minimize the 
reporting burden, particularly for small farms and places 
less likely to be farms. The six-page sample form and the 
four-page nonsample form are the same, except sections 
23 through 28 have been added to the sample form to 
obtain supplemental information from a sample of farms. 



The information collected in these sections will give the 
Bureau of the Census a good basis for making estimates of 
these data for other farms included In the census. The 
two-page form does not have as many questions or as 
much detail as the four-page and six-page forms. The 
four-page form has 1 1 regional versions and the six-page 
form has 13 regional versions. Both forms have different 
crops prelisted. Appendix D contains copies of both the 
two-page and six-page forms. 

The six-page form was mailed to 1,104,000 addressees 
on the mail list, including all those expected to be large 
(based on expected sales or acreage) or unique (farms 
operated by multlestabllshment companies or nonprofit 
organizations), all those In Alaska and Hawaii, and a 
sample of other addressees. The two-page form was 
mailed to 906,000 addressees. These were expected to be 
small farms or less likely to be farms. The four-page form 
was mailed to the remaining 2,079,000 addressees. Fur- 
ther discussion of the criteria used to determine which 
form was mailed to an addressee is provided in the Census 
Sample Design section of appendix C. 

Initial Mailing 

The report forms were mailed In mid-December 1987 to 
the approximately 4,089,000 individuals, businesses, and 
organizations on the mail list. The mall packages included 
a report form, a cover letter with a description of the 
purposes and uses of the census on the reverse side, an 
information sheet containing instructions for completing 
the form, and a postage-paid return envelope. Additional 
special instructions were included with report forms sent to 
grazing associations; feedlot operations; Institutional orga- 
nizations; Indian reservations; firms with multiple farm or 
ranch operations; and producers of poultry under contract, 
bees and honey, fish, laboratory animals, and nursery and 
greenhouse crops. 

To provide additional help to farmers in completing their 
reports, copies of an Agriculture Census Guide booklet 
were sent to vocational agriculture instructors, USDA 
county offices of the Agriculture Stabilization and Conser- 
vation Service, and the Cooperative Extension Service. 
The Guide contained descriptions and definitions of vari- 
ous items in more detail than the instructions included with 
each report form. Representatives of the above agencies 
graciously consented to assist farmers in completing their 
report forms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-1 



Followup Procedures 

A thank you/reminder card was mailed to those on the 
mail list in mid-January 1988. Five followup letters, three of 
which were accompanied by a report form, were sent to 
nonrespondents at 4-week intervals starting in mid-February 
and continuing until early June 1988. 

Telephone calls were made to all large farms who had 
not responded. In addition, telephone calls were made to a 
sample of other nonrespondents in counties that had a 
response rate of less than 75 percent. A nonresponse 
adjustment procedure was used to represent the final 
nonrespondent farms in the census results. A description 
of this procedure is included in the Census Estimation 
section of appendix C. 

DATA PROCESSING 

Selected report forms were reviewed prior to keying the 
data. These included reports with attached correspon- 
dence and reports with remarks or no positive data on the 
front page. 

The data from each report form were subjected to a 
detailed item-by-item computer edit. The edit performed 
comprehensive checks for consistency and reasonable- 
ness, corrected erroneous or inconsistent data, supplied 
missing data based on similar farms within the same 
county, and assigned farm classification codes necessary 
for tabulating the data. Substantial computer-generated 
changes to the data were clerically reviewed and verified. 

In the computer edit, farms with sales, acreage, or 
commodities exceeding specified levels were tested for 
historical comparability. Key items, such as acreage and 
sales, were compared for substantial changes between 
1 982 and 1 987. Sizeable historical differences were resolved 
or verified by telephone, if necessary. Respondents who 
reported sales or acreage above specified levels on non- 
sample forms were sent correspondence requesting the 
additional sample data. Prior to publication, tabulated 
totals were reviewed by statisticians to identify inconsis- 
tencies and potential coverage problems. Comparisons 
were made with previous census data, estimates published 
by the USDA, and other available data. 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES 

Prior to each agriculture census, the Census Bureau 
reviews the content of the census forms to eliminate 
questions no longer needed and to identify new items 
necessary to meet user needs and to better describe the 
agricultural situation in our Nation. Data requests are 
solicited from farmers, farm organizations, land grant col- 
leges and universities, State and federal agencies, and 
members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agricul- 
tural Statistics. Each agency and organization is asked to 
identify and justify its specific data needs. The following 
data inquiries were added to the 1987 report form: 



Income from farm-related sources 

Acres under the Conservation Reserve Program 

Payments received for participation in federal farm 

programs 
Grazing permits by source 

Additional data on production expenses were added in 
1987: 

Repair and maintenance expenses 

Cash rent 

Property taxes paid 

All other production expenses 

The following separate data inquiries were eliminated 
from the 1987 form: 

Storage capacity for petroleum products 
Number of hired farm and ranch workers 
Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals 

for human consumption 
Source of irrigation water 
Tons of commercially mixed feed 
Expenditures for coal, wood, and coke 
Selected machinery items: automobiles, corn heads for 

combines, and field forage harvesters 
Chinchillas 
Worms 
Tropical and baitfish 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, 
AND RELATED PUBLICATIONS 

In addition to the 1987 Census of Agriculture for the 50 
States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Amer- 
ican Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands, the census of agriculture program includes 
the 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey, the 1988 
Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey, and 
the 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties. 

The 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey provides 
data on water use by irrigated farms and ranches. Data 
include: the amount of water applied by crop, method of 
water distribution, source of water, and energy costs for 
pumping water. Data from this survey will be published as 
volume 3, part 1. 

The 1988 Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership 
Survey provides detailed data on debts, expenses, taxes, 
credits, assets, land ownership, and farm and off-farm 
income for farm operators. Many of these items, as well as 
detailed data on landlord characteristics, are being col- 
lected from the landlords of the farms involved in the 
survey. Data from this survey will be published as volume 
3, part 2. 

The 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties covers 
operations growing and selling $2,000 or more of horticul- 
tural products such as greenhouse products, outdoor- 
grown floricultural products, nursery products, mushrooms, 
and sod. These data will be published as volume 4. 

Additional publications of the 1987 Census of Agricul- 
ture data include the Agricultural Atlas of the United States 
(previously called the Graphic Summary), Coverage Eval- 
uation, Ranking of States and Counties, and Government 
Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold. 



A-2 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



The Agricultural Atlas of the United States presents the 
Nation's agriculture graphically illustrated by dot and mul- 
ticolor pattern maps. The maps provide displays on size 
and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, market value of 
products sold, crops harvested, livestock inventories, and 
other characteristics of farms. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 1. 

The Coverage Evaluation report provides estimates of 
the completeness of the 1987 Census of Agriculture for 
the United States, geographic regions, and selected States 
and groups of States. Estimates with their associated 
sample reliability are provided for farms not on the mail list, 
farms classified as nonfarms, duplicate farms, and non- 
farms classified as farms. This report will be published as 
volume 2, part 2. 

The Ranking of States and Counties report ranks the 
leading States and counties for selected items in the 1987 
census and provides comparative data from the 1982 
census. This report will be published as volume 2, part 3. 

A new publication on Government Payments and Mar- 
ket Value of Agricultural Products Sold presents 1 987 data 
for the United States and each State. The U.S. table has a 
format similar to volume 1, U.S. table 52 and presents 
summary data by size of farm. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 5. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

The following definitions and explanations provide a 
more detailed description of the terms used in this publi- 
cation than are available in the tables or on the report form. 
For an exact wording of the questions on the 1987 census 
report forms and the information sheet which accompa- 
nied these forms, see appendix D. Most definitions of 
terms are the same as those used in earlier censuses. The 
more important exceptions are also noted here. 

Farms or farms reporting— The term "farms" or "farms 
reporting" in the presentation of data denotes the number 
of farms reporting the item. For example, if there are 3,710 
farms in a State and 842 of them had 28,594 cattle and 
calves, the data for those farms reporting cattle and calves 
would appear as: 

Cattle and calves farms- - 842 

number- - 28,594 

Land in farms— The acreage designated in the tables 
as "land in farms" consists primahly of agricultural land 
used for crops, pasture, or grazing. It also includes wood- 
land and wasteland not actually under cultivation or used 
for pasture or grazing, provided it was part of the farm 
operator's total operations. Large acreages of woodland or 
wasteland held for nonagricultural purposes were deleted 
from individual reports during the processing operations. 
Land in farms includes acres set aside under annual 
commodity acreage programs as well as acres in the 
Conservation Reserve Program for places meeting the 
farm definition. 



Land in farms is an operating unit concept and includes 
land owned and operated as well as land rented from 
others. Land used rent free was to be reported as land 
rented from others. All grazing land, except land used 
under government permits on a per-head basis, was 
included as "land in farms" provided it was part of a farm 
or ranch. Land under the exclusive use of a grazing 
association was to be reported by the grazing association 
and included as land in farms. All land in Indian reserva- 
tions used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be 
included as land in farms. Land in reservations not reported 
by individual Indians or non-Indians was to be reported in 
the name of the cooperative group that used the land. In 
some instances, an entire Indian reservation was reported 
as one farm. 



Land area — The approximate land area of counties and 
States represents the total land area as determined by 
records and calculations as of January 1, 1988. These 
data are updated periodically; however, the acreages 
shown for 1987 are essentially the same as for 1982. Any 
differences between the land area for 1987 and 1982 are 
due to annexations and other changes affecting county 
boundaries. 



Land in two or more counties— With few exceptions, 
the land in each farm was tabulated as being in the 
operator's principal county. The principal county was defined 
as the one where the largest value of agricultural products 
was raised or produced. It was usually the county contain- 
ing all or the largest proportion of the land in the farm or 
viewed by the respondent as his/her principal county. For 
a limited number of Midwest and Western States, this 
procedure has resulted in the allocation of more land in 
farms to a county than the total land area of the county. To 
minimize this distortion, separate reports were required for 
large farms identified from the 1982 census as having 
more than one farm unit. Other reports received showing 
land in more than one county were separated into two or 
more reports if the data would substantially affect the 
county totals. 



Value of land and buildings— Respondents were asked 
to report their estimate of the current market value of land 
and buildings owned, rented or leased from others, and 
rented or leased to others. Market value refers to the value 
the land and buildings would sell for under current market 
conditions. If the value of land and buildings was not 
reported, it was estimated using the average value of land 
and buildings from a similar farm in the same geographic 
area. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-3 



Harvested cropland— This category includes land from 
which crops were harvested or hay was cut, and land in 
orchards, citrus groves, vineyards, nurseries, and green- 
houses. Land from which two or more crops were har- 
vested was counted only once, even though there was 
more than one use of the land. 



Irrigated land — This category includes all land watered 
by any artificial or controlled means, such as sprinklers, 
furrows or ditches, and spreader dikes. Included are 
supplemental, partial, and preplant irrigation. Each acre 
was to be counted only once regardless of the number of 
times it was irrigated or harvested. 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing— This 

category includes land used only for pasture or grazing 
that could have been used for crops without additional 
improvement. Included also was all cropland used for 
rotation pasture and land in government diversion pro- 
grams that were pastured. However, cropland that was 
pastured before or after crops were harvested was to be 
included as harvested cropland rather than cropland for 
pasture or grazing. 

Other cropland— This category includes cropland not 
harvested and not grazed which was used for cover crops, 
soil improvement crops, land on which all crops failed, 
cultivated summer fallow, idle cropland, and land planted 
in crops that were to be harvested after the census year. 

Total woodland — This category includes natural or 
planted woodlots or timber tracts, cutover and deforested 
land with young growth which has or will have value for 
wood products, land planted for Christmas tree production, 
and woodland pastured. Land covered by sagebrush or 
mesquite was to be reported as other pastureland and 
rangeland or other land. 

Woodland pastured— This category includes all wood- 
land used for pasture or grazing during the census year. 
Woodland or forest land pastured under a per-head graz- 
ing permit was not counted as land in farms and therefore, 
was not included in woodland pastured. 

Cropland in annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs — This category includes land diverted or set 
aside under the provisions of the Federal Commodity 
Acreage Program. These data are for the acres of cropland 
taken out of production by growers of wheat, cotton, rice, 
corn, sorghum, barley, and oats, and devoted to conser- 
vation uses. Information was not obtained as to which 
crops would have been grown on the acres set aside. 

Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program 
(CRP) — This category includes acres of "highly erodible" 
cropland taken out of agricultural production and planted 
to protective cover crops or reforested. The CRP was 
established through the 1985 Food Security Act and 
provides for annual rental payments and shared costs of 
conservation practices through a 10-year contract with the 
USDA. Appendix B presents data on places with all their 
cropland enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program 
and which were not counted as farms in the 1987 census. 



Operator— The term "operator" designates a person 
who operates a farm, either doing the work or making 
day-to-day decisions about such things as planting, har- 
vesting, feeding, and marketing. The operator may be the 
owner, a member of the owner's household, a hired 
manager, a tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. If a person 
rents land to others or has land worked on shares by 
others, he/she is considered the operator only of the land 
which is retained for his/her own operation. For partner- 
ships, only one partner is counted as the operator. If it is 
not clear which partner is in charge, then the senior or 
oldest active partner is considered the operator. For 
census purposes, the number of operators is the same as 
the number of farms. In some cases, the operator was not 
the individual named on the address label of the report 
form, but another family member, a partner, or a hired 
manager who was actually in charge of the farm operation. 

Operator characteristics— All operators were asked 
to report place of residence, principal occupation, days of 
off-farm work, year in which his/her operation of the farm 
began, age, race, sex, and Spanish origin. If race, age, sex, 
and principal occupation were not reported, they were 
imputed based on information reported by farms with 
similar acreage, tenure, and value of sales. No imputations 
were made for nonresponse to place of residence, Span- 
ish origin, off-farm work, or year began operation. Opera- 
tors of Spanish origin were tabulated by reported race. 

Farm production expenses— In 1987, additional spe- 
cific expense items and a category for all other farm 
production expenses were added to the selected farm 
production expenses collected in 1982. Consequently, we 
are publishing total farm production expenses in 1987. The 
expenses are limited to those incurred in the operation of 
the farm business. Expenses include the share of the 
expenditures provided by landlords, contractors, and part- 
ners in the operation of the farm business. Property taxes 
paid by landlords are excluded. Expenditures for nonfarm 
activities; farm-related activities such as providing custom- 
work for others, the production and harvest of forest 
products, and recreational services; and household expenses 
are excluded. In 1987, as in other recent censuses, 
operators producing crops, livestock, or poultry under 
contract often were unable or unwilling to estimate the cost 
of production inputs furnished by the contractors. As a 
consequence, extensive estimation was required for con- 
tract producers. 

Commercial fertilizer— The expense for commercial 
fertilizer is the amount spent on fertilizer during 1987 



A-4 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



including the cost of custom application. The cost of 
custom application was excluded from the 1982 and 
1 978 data. 

Agricultural chemicals— These expenses include the 
cost of all insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and 
other pesticides, including the cost of custom applica- 
tion. Data exclude commercial fertilizer purchased. 
The cost of custom application was excluded from the 
1982 and 1978 data. The cost of lime was excluded 
from the 1987 and 1982 data, but included in 1978. 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery 
and equipment — These expenses include costs incurred 
for having customwork done on the place and for 
renting machines to perform agricultural operations. 
The cost of cotton ginning is excluded. The cost of 
labor involved in the customwork service is included in 
the customwork expense. The cost of custom applica- 
tion of fertilizer and chemicals was included in the 
1982 and 1978 customwork data, but is included in 
expenditures for these items in 1 987. The cost of hired 
labor for operating rented or hired machinery is included 
as a hired farm and ranch labor expense. 

Interest— In 1987, separate data were collected for 
interest paid on debts secured by real estate and 
interest paid on debts not secured by real estate. In 
1982, only total interest expenses were collected. 

Market value of agricultural products sold— This 
category represents the gross market value before taxes 
and production expenses of all agricultural products sold 
or removed from the place in 1987 regardless of who 
received the payment. It includes sales by the operator as 
well as the value of any shares received by partners, 
landlords, contractors, or others associated with the oper- 
ation. In addition, it includes receipts from placing com- 
modities in the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan 
program in 1 987. It does not include payments received for 
participation in federal farm programs nor does it include 
income from farm-related sources such as customwork 
and other agricultural services, or income from nonfarm 
sources. 

The value of crops sold in 1987 does not necessarily 
represent the sales from crops harvested in 1987. Data 
may include sales from crops produced in earlier years and 
exclude some crops produced in 1987, but held in storage 
and not sold. For commodities, such as sugar beets and 
wool, sold through a co-op which made payments in 
several installments, respondents were requested to report 
the total value received in 1987. 

The value of agricultural products sold was requested of 
all operators. If the operator failed to report this informa- 
tion, estimates were made based on the amount of crops 
harvested, livestock or poultry inventory or number sold. 
Extensive estimation was required for operators growing 
crops or livestock under contract. 



Caution should be used when comparing sales in 1987 
with sales reported in earlier censuses. Sales figures are 
expressed in current dollars and have not been adjusted 
for inflation or deflation. 

Government payments— This category is limited to 
direct cash or generic commodity certificate (PIK) pay- 
ments received by the farm operator in 1987. It includes 
deficiency and diversion payments; wool payments; pay- 
ments from the Dairy Termination Program, the Conserva- 
tion Reserve Program, other conservation programs, and 
all other federal farm programs under which payments 
were made directly to farm operators. 

Other farm-related income— The 1987 report form 
included a new inquiry on income from farm-related sources. 
These data consist of gross income in 1987 before taxes 
and expenses from the sales of farm by-products and 
other sales and services closely related to the principal 
functions of the farm business. These data are for income 
producing activities that are primarily a by-product or 
supplemental to the farm operation. They exclude income 
from business activities that are separate from the farm 
business. 

Customwork and other agricultural services— This 
income includes gross receipts received by farm oper- 
ators for providing services for others such as planting, 
plowing, spraying, and harvesting. Income from cus- 
tomwork and other agncultural services is generally 
included in the agriculture census if it is closely related 
to the farming operation. However, it is excluded if it 
constitutes a separate business or is conducted from 
another location. 

Rental of farmland— This income includes gross cash 
rent or share payments received from renting out 
farmland; payments received from the lease or sale of 
allotments for crops such as tobacco; and payments 
received for livestock pastured on a per-head, per- 
month, or per-pound basis. It excludes rental income 
from nonfarm property. 

Sales of forest products— This income includes gross 
receipts from the sales of Christmas trees, standing 
timber, maple products, gum for naval stores, fire- 
wood, and other forest products from the farm busi- 
ness. It excludes income from nonfarm timber tracts 
and sawmill businesses. 

Other farm-related income sources— This income 
includes gross receipts from hunting leases, fishing 
fees, camping, other recreational services, patronage 
dividends of cooperatives, sales of farm by-products, 
and other sales and services closely related to the 
farm business. It excludes income from nonfarm busi- 
nesses. 

Commodity Credit Corporations loans— This cate- 
gory includes loans for corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, 
barley, oats, cotton, peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-5 



Agricultural chemicals used, including fertilizer and 
lime— For each type of agricultural chemical, the acres 
treated were to be reported only once even if the acres 
were fertilized or limed more than once. If multipurpose 
chemicals were used, the acres treated for each purpose 
were to be reported. 

Fish and other aquacultural products — The raising of 
fish and other aquacultural products in captivity is included 
in the agriculture census. Production in salt water is 
considered not to be in captivity and is excluded from the 
census. 

Bees and honey — Bee and honey production was 
enumerated and tabulated in the county in which the home 
farm was located even though hives are often moved from 
farm to farm over a wide geographic area. 

Citrus enumeration— In the 1987 census, reports for 
selected citrus caretakers in Arizona, Florida, and Texas 
were obtained by direct enumeration. A citrus caretaker is 
an organization or person caring for or managing citrus 
groves for others. This special enumeration has been used 
in recent censuses because of the difficulty in identifying 
and enumerating absentee grove owners who often do not 
know the information that is needed to adequately com- 
plete the census report. Each citrus caretaker was enu- 
merated as a farm operator and requested to complete 
one report form for all groves cared for and to furnish a list 
of grove owners' names, addresses, and acres of citrus. 
The names on the lists were matched to completed grove 
owners' report forms to eliminate duplication. The care- 
taker also was requested to inform the grove owner that he 
had already reported for the citrus under his care and that 
the grove owner was not to report the citrus again. In the 
1987 census, 7 caretakers in Arizona reported 175 grove 
owners having 12,000 acres of citrus; the 65 caretakers in 
Florida reported 3,000 grove owners having 170,000 acres 
of citrus; and 20 caretakers in Texas reported 800 grove 
owners having 14,500 acres of citrus. 

Crop year or season covered— Acres and quantity 
harvested are for the calendar year 1987 except for citrus 
fruits, avocados, olives; vegetables in Florida; sugarcane in 
Florida and Texas; and pineapples and coffee in Hawaii. 

Citrus fruits— The data for Florida relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1986 through July 1987 
harvest season, except limes that were harvested in 
the April 1987 through March 1988 harvest season. 
The data for Texas relate to the quantity harvested in 
the September 1986 through May 1987 harvest sea- 
son. The data for States, other than Florida and Texas, 
relate to the quantity harvested in the 1986-87 harvest 
season. 

Avocados— The data for California relate to the quan- 
tity harvested in the November 1986 through Novem- 
ber 1987 harvest season and for Florida the April 1987 
through March 1988 harvest season. 



Olives— The data for California relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1986 through March 1987 
harvest season. 

Vegetables— The data for Florida relate to the crop 
harvested in the September 1986 through August 
1987 harvest season. 

Sugarcane for sugar— The data for Florida relate to 
the cuttings from November 1986 through April 1987, 
and for Texas the cuttings from October 1986 through 
April 1987. 

Pineapples — The data for Hawaii relate to the quantity 
harvested in the year ending May 31, 1987. 

Coffee— The data for Hawaii relate to the 1 986-87 crop. 



Acres and quantity harvested— Crops were reported 
in whole acres, except for the following crops which were 
reported in lOths of acres: Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 
tobacco, fruit and nut crops including land in orchards, 
berries, vegetables, and nursery and greenhouse crops; 
and in Hawaii, taro, ginger root, and lotus root. Totals for 
crops reported in lOths of acres were rounded to whole 
acres at the aggregate level during the tabulation process. 

If two or more crops were harvested from the same land 
during the year, the acres would be counted for each crop. 
Therefore, the total acres of all crops harvested generally 
exceeds the acres of cropland harvested. An exception to 
this procedure is hay crops. When more than one cutting of 
hay was taken from the same acres, the acres are counted 
only once but the quantity harvested includes all cuttings. 
However, hay cut for both dry hay and green chop or silage 
would be reported for each applicable crop. For inter- 
planted crops or "skip-row" crops, acres were to be 
reported according to the portion of the field occupied by 
each crop. 

If a crop was planted but not harvested, the acres were 
not to be reported as harvested. These acres were to be 
reported in the "land use" section under the appropriate 
cropland items— cropland used only for pasture or grazing, 
cropland used for cover crops, cropland on which all crops 
failed, or cropland idle. 

Corn and sorghum hogged or grazed were to be reported 
as "cropland harvested" and not as "cropland used only 
for pasture or grazing." Crop residue left in fields and later 
hogged or grazed was not reported as cropland pasture. 

Quantity harvested was not obtained for crops such as 
vegetables; nursery and greenhouse crops; corn cut for 
dry fodder, hogged or grazed; and sorghum, hogged or 
grazed. 

Acres of land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, 
citrus or other groves, vineyards, and nut trees were to be 
reported as harvested cropland regardless of whether the 
crop was harvested or failed. However, abandoned orchards 
were to be reported as cropland idle, not as harvested 
cropland and the individual abandoned orchard crop acres 
were not to be reported. 



A-6 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Land in orchards— This category includes land in 
bearing and nonbearing fruit trees, citrus or other groves, 
vineyards, and nut trees of all ages, including land on 
which all fruit crops failed. Respondents were instructed 
not to report abandoned plantings and plantings of less 
than 20 total fruit, citrus, or nut trees, or grapevines. 

Crop units of measure— The regional report forms 
allowed the operator to report the quantity of field crops 
harvested in a unit of measure commonly used in the 
region. When the operator reported in a unit of measure 
different than the unit of measure published, the quantity 
harvested was converted to the published unit of measure. 

Grapes could be reported in dry weight or fresh weight; 
plums and prunes in fresh weight, or prunes in dry weight; 
and in Hawaii, coffee in pounds parchment or pounds 
cherry, and macadamia nuts in pounds husked, unshelled 
or pounds shelled. For other fruit and nut crops and citrus, 
the operator was given a choice of units of measure of 
pounds, tons, or boxes. The quantity harvested for these 
crops is published in pounds. 



Data are based on a sample of farms— For 1987, 
1982, and 1978, selected data were collected from only a 
sample of farms. These data are subject to sampling error. 
For 1987, the six-page sample form was mailed to all large 
and specialized farms (based on expected sales, acres, or 
standard industrial classification), all farms in Alaska and 
Hawaii, and approximately 17 percent of all other farms. 
Sample sections 23 through 28 of the 1987 census forms 
included inquiries on production expenses, commercial 
fertilizer and lime, chemicals, machinery and equipment, 
value of land and buildings, and income from farm-related 
sources. Estimates of the reliability of county totals for 
selected items are shown in table F of appendix C. 

Operators of Spanish origin— No imputation was made 
for those not responding to the question on Spanish origin. 

Farms operated by Blacl< and other races— This 
category includes Blacks, American Indians, Asian and 
Pacific Islanders, and all other racial groups other than 
White. 



Write-in crops — To reduce the length of the report 
form, only the major crops for the region were prelisted. 
For other crops, the respondent was requested to look at 
a list of crops in each section and write in the crop name 
and its code. For crops that had no individual code listed 
on the report form, the respondent was to write in the crop 
name and code the crop into the appropriate "all other" 
category for that section. Write-in crops coded as "all 
other" were reviewed and assigned a specific code when 
possible. Crops not assigned a specific code were left in 
the appropriate "all other" category. 

In some cases, the reviewers were unable to determine 
the specific crop reported by the respondent because of 
incomplete or generalized crop names. To ensure proper 
coding, most of these respondents were telephoned. 
Reports for those not telephoned were changed on the 
basis of other reports for the area. 



All other races— This category is primarily limited to 
persons native to or of ancestry from Mexico, the Carib- 
bean, and Central and South America. 

Total sales— This item represents the gross market 
value of all agricultural products sold before taxes and 
expenses in the census year including livestock, poultry, 
and their products; and crops, including nursery crops and 
hay. Respondents were asked to include landlords' and 
contractors' shares. The value of commodities placed in 
CCC loans are included as sold. In 1987, all farms includ- 
ing abnormal farms were tabulated by size based on 
reported sales. In 1982 and 1978, abnormal farms were 
included in the total sales figure, but excluded from the 
detailed size breakdowns. Abnormal farms include institu- 
tional farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian 
reservations. 



Misreported or miscoded crops— In a few instances, 
tabulated data may be inaccurate because respondents 
misunderstood or misinterpreted questions on the report 
form. Data may have been reported on the wrong line or in 
the wrong section, or the wrong crop code may have been 
placed beside the name of a write-in crop. Some of these 
errors as well as some keying errors may not have been 
identified during processing and therefore, were not cor- 
rected. Reports with significant acres of unusual crops for 
the area were examined to minimize the possibility that 
they were in error. 

"See text" References 

Items in the tables which carry the note "See text" are 
explained or defined in this section. 



Farms with sales of less than $1,000— This category 
includes all farms with actual sales of less than $1 ,000, but 
having the production potential for sales of $1,000 or 
more. These farms normally could be expected to sell 
$1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm 

unit— This category is derived by subtracting total operat- 
ing expenditures from the gross market value of agricul- 
tural products sold. Depreciation and the change in inven- 
tory values are excluded from expenditures. Production 
expenditures may be understated on part owner and 
tenant farms because property taxes paid by landlords are 
excluded. Other landlord expenditures, such as insurance 
or rent paid, which are not readily known to renters may 
also be omitted or understated. Gross sales include sales 
by the operator as well as the share of sales received by 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-7 



partners, landlords, and contractors. Consequently, the 
net cash return is that of the farm unit rather than the net 
farm income of the operator. 

Other livestock and livestock products— This cate- 
gory includes all livestock and livestock products not listed 
separately. 

Value of livestock and poultry on farms— Data for 

the value of livestock and poultry on farms were obtained 
by multiplying the inventory of each major age and sex 
group by State average prices. The State average prices 
for cattle, hogs, sheep, Angora goats, hens and pullets of 
laying age, and turkeys were obtained primarily from data 
published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, 
USDA. Prices applied to other livestock and poultry were 
census-derived averages based primarily on reported value 
of sales in the census. 

Poultry hatched— This category includes all poultry 
hatched on the place during the year and placed or sold. 
Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1987, is tabu- 
lated under the column heading "Inventory" and the 
number of poultry hatched and placed or sold is under the 
heading "Sales." 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
silage, green chop, etc.— Data shown for hay represent 
all hay crops, including grass silage, haylage, and hay 
crops cut and fed green (green chop). In production data, 
dry tons represent dry tonnage for the various hay cate- 
gories and dry weight equivalents for grass silage and hay 
cut and fed green. The conversion used was 3 tons of 
green weight to 1 ton of dry weight. 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay — Data shown represent dry tons of hay harvested 
from clover, lespedeza, timothy, Bermuda grass, Sudan 
grass, and other types of legume and tame grasses. 

Grapes — Farm operators were given the option of 
reporting the quantity of grapes harvested in dry weight or 
fresh weight. For publication purposes, all quantities of 
grapes harvested have been converted to pounds of fresh 
weight. The conversion used was 4 pounds fresh weight to 
1 pound dry weight. 

Plums and prunes— Farm operators were given the 
option of reporting the quantity of plums and prunes 
harvested in dry weight or fresh weight. For publication 
purposes, all quantities of plums and prunes harvested 
have been converted to pounds of fresh weight. The 
conversion used was 3 pounds fresh weight to 1 pound dry 
weight. 

Cherries— For 1987, cherries were reported as "sweet 
cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries" depending on the 
regional form the respondent completed. On regional 



forms for States where cherries are an important fruit crop, 
"sweet cherries" and "tart cherries" were listed sepa- 
rately. On the other regional forms, either "cherries" were 
listed or could be written in. For publication purposes, 
"cherries, total" could be shown along with the individual 
breakdown of "sweet cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries, 
not specified." "Cherries, not specified" is used to account 
for cherries where the "sweet" and "tart" breakdown was 
not asked or where respondents wrote in "cherries" but 
did not specify or code the kind of cherry. All the individual 
cherry items may not be shown. Data for "sweet cherries," 
"tart cherries," and "cherries, not specified" are not 
available for 1982. 

Other fruits and nuts— Data shown for other fruits and 
nuts relate to any fruits and nuts not having a specific code 
on the 1987 report form. 

Land used for vegetables— Data are for the total land 
used for vegetable crops. The acres are reported only 
once, even though two or more harvests of a vegetable or 
more than one vegetable were harvested from the same 
acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale— The acres of vegeta- 
bles harvested is the summation of the acres of individual 
vegetables harvested. All of the individual vegetable items 
may not be shown. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops grown for sale— These 
data are a summation of the individual items reported. All 
of the individual items may not be shown. 

Nursery, floriculture, vegetable and flower seed 
crops, sod, etc., grown in the open, irrigated— Data 

refer to farms reporting irrigated nursery, floriculture, veg- 
etable and flower seeds, sod, bedding plants, etc., grown 
in the open. 

Other grains— These data are for the total market 
value of other grains sold including dry edible beans, dry 
lima beans, buckwheat, dry southern peas (cowpeas), 
emmer and spelt, flaxseed, mixed grains, lentils, mustard 
seed, dry edible peas, popcorn, proso millet, rice, rye for 
grain, safflower, sunflower seed, triticale, and wild rice. 

Value of crop production — This item represents the 
estimated value of all crops harvested during the 1987 
crop year. Data for the value of crops harvested were 
obtained by multiplying the average estimated value per 
unit by the reported acres or quantity harvested. Generally, 
harvested units of production (pounds, bushels, bales, 
etc.) were multiplied by State estimates of prices per unit. 
If only acres harvested were reported, State estimates for 
value of production per acre were used. The State average 
production price and production value per acre used in 
these calculations were obtained usually from publications 
of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. When 



A-8 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



USDA estimates were not available, Bureau of the Census 
statisticians made estimates using available sources such 
as data from adjacent States, respondent report forms, 
county extension agents, and other persons knowledge- 
able about specific crops. 



Part owners, who operate land they own and also land 
they rent from others. 

Tenants, who operate only land they rent from others or 
work on shares for others. 



FAfmS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED 
CHARACTERISTICS 

State tables 48 through 53 present detailed 1987 data 
for all farms classified by specified characteristics— tenure 
of operator, type of organization, age and principal occu- 
pation of operator, size of farm (acres), value of agricultural 
products sold, and standard industrial classification. Other 
tables include data classified by value of sales groups or 
other characteristics of the farm or the operator. 

Farms by value of agricultural products sold or 
value of sales— In 1987, all farms were tabulated by size 
based on reported sales. In 1982 and earlier censuses, 
abnormal farms were not tabulated based on sales size. In 
the tables on market value of agricultural products sold, 
the sales of abnormal farms in 1982 and earlier censuses 
were included in the total sales figure, but excluded from 
the detailed size categories. Abnormal farms included 
institutional farms, experimental and research farms, and 
Indian reservations. The category "farms with sales of less 
than $1,000" included all farms with actual sales of less 
than $1 ,000 but having the production potential for sales of 
$1,000 or more. These farms normally could be expected 
to sell $1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

The sales size categories used in this report are con- 
sistent with the standard business size categories issued 
by Office of Management and Budget (0MB) in 1982. In 
State table 52, data are presented for four sales size 
categories between $10,000 and $49,999. This provides 
users with bridge data under both the 0MB and the 1978 
census classifications. For the 1992 census, data will be 
presented only for the 0MB sales size categories of 
$10,000 to $24,999 and $25,000 to $49,999. 

Abnormal farms— This category includes institutional 
farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian reser- 
vations. Institutional farms include those operated by hos- 
pitals, penitentiaries, churches, schools, grazing associa- 
tions, and government agencies. In 1987 and 1982, 
nongovernmental units such as church farms and Future 
Farmers of America camps were classified as abnormal 
farms only when 50 percent or more of their products 
produced and intended for human consumption were 
utilized by the organization. 



Farms by type of organization— All farms were clas- 
sified by type of organization in the 1987 census. The 
classifications used were: 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship), excluding 
partnership and corporation. 

Partnership, including family partnership. 

Corporation, including family corporation. 

Other, cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 

Corporations were subclassified by two additional char- 
acteristics into: 

1. Family held 

Other than family held 

2. More than 10 stockholders 
10 or less stockholders 

Farms by age and principal occupation of opera- 
tor—Data on age and principal occupation were requested 
from all operators in 1987. The principal occupation clas- 
sifications used were: 

Farming— The operator spent 50 percent or more of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in farming or ranching. 

Other— The operator spent more than 50 percent of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in occupations other than 
farming or ranching. 



Farms by size— All farms were classified into selected 
size groups according to the total land area in the farm. 
The land area of a farm is an operating unit concept and 
includes land owned and operated as well as land rented 
from others. Land rented to or assigned to a tenant was 
considered the tenant's farm and not the owner's. 

Farms by standard industrial classification— In 1987, 

all agricultural production establishments (farms, ranches, 
nurseries, greenhouses, etc.) were classified by type of 
activity using the standard industrial classification (SIC) 
system. These classifications, found in the 1987 SIC 
ManuaP, are used to promote uniformity and comparability 
in the presentation of statistical data collected by various 
agencies. 



Farms by tenure of operator — The classifications of 
tenure used in the 1987 census were: 

Full owners, who operate only land they own. 
1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



'Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. For sale by 
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash- 
ington, DC 20402. Stock No. 041-001-003-14-2. 

APPENDIX A A-9 



An establishment primarily engaged in crop production 
(major group 01) or production of livestock and animal 
specialties (major group 02) is classified in the four-digit 
industry and three-digit industry group which accounts for 
50 percent or more of the total value of sales of its 
agricultural products. If the total value of sales of agricul- 
tural products of an establishment is less than 50 percent 
from a single four-digit industry, but 50 percent or more 
from the products of two or more four-digit industries within 
the same three-digit industry group, the establishment is 
classified in the miscellaneous industry of that industry 
group. Otherwise, it is classified as a general crop farm in 
industry 0191 or a general livestock farm in industry 0291. 
Establishments that derive 50 percent or more of the value 
of sales from horticultural specialties of industry group 018 
are classified in industry 0181 or 0182 according to their 
primary activity. 

Characteristics of all farms by selected SIC groupings 
are shown in State tables 18 and 53. The SIC groupings 
shown in State table 53, together with the associated 
products (value of sales representing 50 percent or more 
of the value of agricultural products sold during the year) 
on which the classification is based, are as follows: 

Cash grains (011)— Wheat, rice, corn, soybeans, bar- 
ley, buckwheat, cowpeas, dry field and seed beans 
and peas, flaxseed, lentils, milo, mustard seed, oats, 
popcorn, rye, safflower, sorghum, sunflowers, and 
other small grains. 

Cotton (0131)— Cotton and cottonseed. 
Tobacco (0132)— Tobacco. 

Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, hay, pea- 
nuts, and other field crops (0133, 0134, 

0139)— Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, alfalfa, 
broomcorn, clover, grass seed, hay, hops, mint, pea- 
nuts, sweetpotatoes, timothy, and yams. 

Vegetables and melons (016)— Vegetables and mel- 
ons grown in the open. 



Fruits and tree nuts (017)— Berries, grapes, tree nuts, 
citrus fruits, deciduous tree fruits, avocados, bananas, 
coffee, dates, figs, olives, pineapples, and tropical fruit. 

Horticultural specialties (018)— Bedding plants, bulbs, 
florists' greens, flower and vegetable seeds, flowers, 
foliage, fruit stocks, nursery stock, ornamental plants, 
shrubberies, sod, mushrooms, and vegetables grown 
under cover. 

General farms, primarily crops (019)— Crops, includ- 
ing horticultural specialties, but less than 50 percent of 
sales from any single three-digit industry group. 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal special- 
ties (021) — Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, goat's 
milk, mohair, and wool. 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212)— Production or 
feeding of beef cattle, except feedlots. 

Dairy farms (024)— Production of cows' milk and other 
dairy products and raising of dairy heifer replacements. 

Poultry and eggs (025) — Chickens, chicken eggs, tur- 
keys, ducks, geese, pheasants, pigeons, quail, and 
squab. 

Animal specialties (027)— Fur-bearing animals, rab- 
bits, horses, ponies, bees, fish in captivity except fish 
hatcheries, worms, and laboratory animals. 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal spe- 
cialties (029)— Livestock and animal specialties and 
their products, but less than 50 percent of sales from 
any single three-digit industry group. 

The SIC manual was revised for 1987. Animal aquacul- 
ture (0273) was established as a new industry and horti- 
cultural specialties, not elsewhere classified (0189) was 
deleted. 



A-10 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B. 
Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve 

Program 



The Food Security Act of 1985 established the 
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). This program 
provides annual payments for highly erodible cropland 
enrolled in the program and meeting its conservation 
requirements. It also requires that the land be taken out 
of agricultural production for 10 years. 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture includes Conservation 
Reserve acreage as land in farms on operations that 
meet the census farm definition. For census purposes, 
a farm is any place from which agricultural products of 
$1,000 or more were produced and sold or normally 
would have been sold during the census year. 
Operations which placed all of their cropland in the CRP 
and did not othenwise meet the farm definition based 
upon sales, livestock inventories, planted crops, or other 
criteria for potential sales were not included as farms in 
the census tabulations. 



The following table provides CRP data for places not 
meeting the census farm definition ("whole farm" CRP 
places). It also contains separate but corresponding 
CRP data for farms included in the census tabulations. 
In addition to State data, detailed county data are 
presented for counties with three or more "whole farm" 
CRP places reported. For counties with less than three 
"whole farm" CRP places reported, their data are 
combined and reported in "all other counties." 

The data for "whole farm" CRP places are not 
complete for all counties. The census mail list was 
developed from sources which indicated the farm had 
agricultural production activity. It was not designed to 
cover all "whole farm" CRP places. Therefore, the data 
for these places are limited to what was reported in the 
census and have not been adjusted to account for 
nonresponse, incomplete coverage, and reporting errors. 



Land in Conservation Reserve Program: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 


Agricultural places excluded by farm definition witti acres 


Farms with acres in the CRP 


Number 


Land in places 
(acres) 


Land m CRP 
(acres) 


Number 


Land in farms 
(acres) 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 




1 


(D) 


(D) 


18 


11 513 









^Data are published for counties with 3 agricultural places or more reporting CRP acres. Counties v 



> than 3 places are combined i 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B B-1 



APPENDIX C. 
Statistical Methodology 



Page 

MAIL LIST MODEL C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN C-1 

CENSUS ESTIMATION C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR C-3 

CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR C-5 

EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 

NONRESPONSE C-6 

TABLES: 

A. PERCENT OF STATE TOTALS CONTRIBUTED BY 
WHOLE FARM NONRESPONSE ESTIMATION: 1987 

B. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A COMPLETE COUNT ITEM: 
1987 

C. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A SAMPLE ITEM: 1987 

D. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF STATE TOTALS: 1987 

E. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF PERCENT CHANGE IN 
STATE TOTALS: 1982 TO 1987 

F. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF COUNTY TOTALS: 1987 

G. STATE COVERAGE EVALUATION ESTIMATES OF 
FARMS NOT ON THE MAIL LIST: 1987 



MAIL LIST MODEL 

A statistical discriminant model was developed to pre- 
dict the probability that a mail list addressee operated a 
farm. The model was used to identify the 4.1 million 
records from the preliminary census mail list of 6.0 million 
records that would receive a census of agriculture report 
form. Records from the 1982 census mail list were used to 
build the model. Record characteristics such as the source 
of the mail list record (see appendix A for a description of 
record sources), number of source lists on which the 
record appeared, expected value of agricultural sales, and 
geographic location were used to separate mail list records 
into model groups. The proportion of 1982 census farm 
records in each group was calculated to provide an 
estimate of the probability that an addressee in the group 
operated a farm. 

Using these same group definitions, the 1987 census 
mail list records were separated into groups, each with an 
associated estimate of farm probability from the model. 
The 4.1 million mail list records in groups with the largest 
estimate of farm probability were selected to receive the 
census report form. A large percentage of the 1.9 million 
records that were dropped from the 6.0 million preliminary 
census mail list were nonfarm records from the previous 
census. This procedure was used to obtain a more com- 
plete census enumeration without excessive respondent 
burden and data collection cost. 



CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN 

Each of the 4.1 million name and address records on 
the census mail list was designated to receive one of three 
different types of census report forms. The three forms 
were the nonsample census form (a four-page form), the 
sample form (a six-page form), and the short form (a 
two-page form). Sections 1 through 22 of the sample form 
were identical to sections on the nonsample census form. 
However, the sample form contained additional sections 
on farm production expenditures, usage of fertilizers and 
insecticides, value of machinery and equipment, value of 
land and buildings, and farm-related income. The short 
form contained abbreviated versions of the sections on the 
nonsample census form. These three different forms were 
used to reduce the response burden of the census, while 
providing quality information on a large number of data 
items at the county level. 

The sample form was mailed to all mail list records in 
Alaska and Hawaii and to a sample of records in other 
States identified when the mail list was constructed. Addresses 
were selected into the sample with certainty if they were 
expected to have large total values of agricultural products 
sold or large acreage, if they were firms with two or more 
farms, or if they had other special characteristics. When a 
nonsample large farm was identified during processing, a 
supplemental form that contained the additional data 
inquiries was mailed. All farms in counties with less than 
100 farms in 1982 were included in the sample with 
certainty; counties containing 100 to 199 farms in 1982 
were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 2; and 
counties containing 200 or more farms in 1982 were 
systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 6. This differential 
sample scheme was used to provide reliable data for 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form for all counties. 

To determine which mail list records would receive the 
short form, all mail list records not designated for the 
sample were sorted into model groups according to farm 
probability as specified by the mail list model. The 906,000 
mail list records in the model groups with the lowest 
probability of being farms and with an expected total value 
of agricultural product sales less than $20,000 were des- 
ignated to receive the short form. The remaining mail list 
records were selected to receive the nonsample census 
form. 

CENSUS ESTIMATION 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture used two types of 
statistical estimation procedures. These estimation 



CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-1 



procedures accounted both for nonresponse to the data 
collection and for the sample data collection. These pro- 
cedures are used because some farm operators never 
respond to the census despite numerous attempts to 
contact them, and not all farm operators are requested to 
provide the sample data items. 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation 

A statistical estimation procedure was used to account 
for the census farms among mail list nonrespondents that 
were not designated for telephone followup. A stratified 
systematic sample of eligible census nonrespondents were 
mailed a simplified report form. Five sample strata were 
defined based on form type, expected value of sales, and 
previous census status. The report form was designed to 
provide sufficient information to determine farm status. 
Additional mail and telephone contacts were made to 
survey nonrespondents to obtain sufficient response for 
survey estimates. 

Estimates of the proportion of census nonrespondents 
that operated farms were made for each stratum in the 
State using survey results and applied to the total number 
of census nonrespondents in that stratum. A synthetic 
estimation procedure was used to estimate the number of 
census nonrespondents that operated farms for each 
county by stratum. This estimation procedure is based on 
the assumption that the distribution of farms in a stratum 
by county is the same for census nonrespondents as for 
census respondents. 

Within each stratum in a county, a noninteger nonre- 
sponse weight was calculated and assigned to each 
eligible respondent farm record. The procedure used for 
calculating the nonresponse weight assumed the eligible 
census respondents and the nonrespondent farm opera- 
tions in a county had similar characteristics within each 
stratum. The noninteger nonresponse weight was the ratio 
of the sum of the estimated number of nonrespondent 
farms (using nonresponse survey results) and the number 
of eligible census respondent farms to the number of 
eligible census respondent farms. Stratum controls were 
established to ensure that this weight was never greater 
than 2.0. The noninteger nonresponse weight was used in 
the estimation of the final weight for the sample items. It 
was randomly rounded to an integer weight of either 1 or 2 
for each record for tabulating the complete count items. 

The procedure assumed that we obtain complete response 
from large and unique farm operations because these 
cases received intensive telephone followup during cen- 
sus processing. In situations where addressees could not 
be contacted by telephone or refused to cooperate, sec- 
ondary sources such as Agricultural Stabilization and 
Conservation Service offices or county extension agents 
were asked to provide information as to whether or not the 
addressee had agricultural activities. Data from previous 
census reports for the specific addressee, in conjunction 
with other information, were used to complete the census 
report form. 



Table A quantifies the effect of the nonresponse esti- 
mation procedure on selected census data items. The 
percentage of the census value contributed by nonre- 
sponse estimation as provided in this table indicates the 
potential for bias in published figures resulting from this 
procedure. The estimates provided in these tables do not 
reflect the effect of nonresponse to individual data items 
on respondents' census report forms. The effect of this 
item nonresponse is discussed further under Census Non- 
sampling Error. 



Table A. Percent of State Totals Contributed by 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation: 1987 



Item 


Percent of total 




12.7 
6.3 
6.7 
1.2 
5.6 
4.7 
6.0 

3.4 
3.0 
2.4 


Land In farms acres- 


Market value of agricultural products sold --$1,000-- 


Corn for grain or seed acres- - 


Livestock and poultry inventory: 

Cattle and calves number- - 

Hogs and pigs number- - 

Hens and pullets of laying age number- - 



Sample Estimation 



All respondent sample records received a sample weight. 
The sample data estimates the actual figures that would 
have resulted from a complete census of the items in 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form. The estimates 
were obtained from an iterative ratio estimation procedure 
that resulted in the assignment of a weight to each record 
containing sample items. For any given county, a sample 
item total was estimated by multiplying the data items for 
each farm in the county by the corresponding sample 
weight and summing overall sample records in the county. 

Each sample farm was assigned one sample weight to 
be used to produce estimates for all sample items. For 
example, if the weight given to a sample farm had the 
value 5, all sample data items reported by that farm would 
be multiplied by 5. The weight assigned a certainty farm 
was 1. The estimation procedure used to assign weights 
was performed for each county. 

Within a county, the ratio estimation procedure for farms 
was performed in three steps using three variables. The 
first variable contained eight 1 987 total value of agricultural 
production (TVP) groups. Both the second and third 
variables. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code and 
farm acreage, contained two groups. The variable groups 
were as follows: 



C-2 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



SIC 

01 All crops 

02 All live- 
stock 



Acres 

to 69 
70 or more 



$1 to $999 
$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $ 4,999 
$5,000 to $ 9,999 
$10,000 to $24,999 
$25,000 to $49,999 
$50,000 to $99,999 
$100,000 or more 



The first step in the estimation procedure was to parti- 
tion the sample records into 32 mutually exclusive initial 
post strata formed by combining the three variable groups. 
This produced a three dimensional array where the cells of 
the array corresponded to the initial post strata groups. 
Each sample farm record was assigned an initial weight 
equal to the ratio of the total farm count to the sample farm 
count, expanded for nonresponse estimation, for the cell 
containing the sample farm. This weight was approxi- 
mately equal to the inverse of the probability of selecting a 
farm for the census sample. 

The second step in the estimation procedure was to 
combine, if necessary, the cells of the array (prior to the 
repeated ratio estimation) to increase the reliability of the 
ratio estimation procedure. Any cell within the array that 
either contained less than 10 sample farms or had a ratio 
of total farms to sample farms that was more than 2 times 
the mail sample rate was collapsed with another cell (in the 
same variable) according to a specified collapsing pattern. 
New total farm counts and sample farm counts were 
computed for each of the collapsed cells (final post strata) 
and were used in the ratio estimation procedure to calcu- 
late final sample weights. 

In the third step in the ratio estimation procedure, 
complete counts for the three variables (TVP, SIC, acre- 
age) were used to compute the marginals of the array 
defined by the final post strata. Factors were then applied 
to expanded sample totals in each cell of the array to 
obtain agreement with the row marginal (TVP) complete 
counts. The sample totals then had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the column marginal (SIC) complete 
counts. Lastly, the sample totals had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the depth marginal (acreage) com- 
plete counts. This procedure that requires the row totals, 
then the column totals, and then the depth totals to agree 
with the complete counts for the rows, columns, and 
depths, respectively, is continued iteratively until the pro- 
cess converges (the marginal totals agree with the com- 
plete count totals). 

The ratio of the adjusted total farm count to the sample 
farm count obtained from the second iteration of the 
estimation procedure was the noninteger final post stratum 
sample weight assigned to the sample farm records in that 
post stratum. The noninteger sample weight, the product 
of the noninteger final post stratum sample weight and the 
nonresponse weight, was randomly rounded to an integer 



weight for tabulation. If, for example, the final weight for the 
farms in a particular group was 7.2, then one-fifth of the 
sample farms in this group were randomly assigned a 
weight of 8 and the remaining four-fifths received a weight 
of 7. 

CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR 

Sampling error in the census data results from the 
nonresponse sample and the census sample data collec- 
tion. Census items were classified as either complete 
count or sample data items. The complete count items 
were asked of all farm operators. The complete count data 
items included land in farms, harvested cropland, livestock 
inventory and sales, crop acreages, quantities harvested 
and crop sales, land use, irrigation, government loans and 
payments, conservation acreage, type of organization, and 
operator characteristics (sections 1 through 22 of the 
census report form). Variability in the complete count data 
items is considerably smaller than in the sample items as 
the variation is due only to the nonresponse sample 
estimation procedure. The sample items were asked of 
approximately 25 percent of the total census farm opera- 
tors. The sample data items included farm production 
expenditures, fertilizer and chemical usage, farm machin- 
ery and equipment, value of land and buildings, and 
farm-related income (sections 23 through 28 of the census 
report form). Variability in the estimates of sample items is 
due both to the census sample selection and estimation 
procedure and the nonresponse sample estimation proce- 
dure. 

The sample for the 1 987 Census of Agriculture is one of 
a large number of possible samples of the same size that 
could have been selected using the same sample design. 
Estimates derived from the different samples would differ 
from each other. The difference between a sample esti- 
mate and the average of all possible sample estimates is 
called the sampling deviation. The standard error or sam- 
pling error of a survey estimate is a measure of the 
variation among the estimates from all possible samples, 
and thus is a measure of the precision with which an 
estimate from a particular sample approximates the aver- 
age result of all possible samples. The percent relative 
standard error of estimate is defined as the standard error 
of the estimate divided by the value being estimated 
multiplied by 100. If all possible samples were selected, 
each of the samples were surveyed under essentially the 
same conditions, and an estimate and its standard error 
were calculated from each sample, then: 

1. Approximately 67 percent of the intervals from one 
standard error below the estimate to one standard 
error above the estimate would include the average 
value of all possible samples. 

2. Approximately 90 percent of the intervals from 1 .65 
standard errors below the estimate to 1 .65 standard 
errors above the estimate would include the aver- 
age value of all possible samples. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-3 



The computations involved to define the above confi- 
dence statements are illustrated in the following example. 
Assume that the estimate of number of farms for the State 
is 94,382 and the relative standard error of the estimate 
(percent) is .1 percent (0.001). Multiplying 94,382 by 0.001 
yields 94, the standard error. Therefore, a 67-percent 
confidence interval is 94,288 to 94,476 (i.e., 94,382 plus or 
minus 94). If corresponding confidence intervals were 
constructed for all possible samples of the same size and 
design, approximately 2 out of 3 (67 percent) of these 
intervals would contain the figure obtained from a com- 
plete enumeration. Similarly, a 90 percent confidence 
interval is 94,227 to 94,538 (i.e., 94,382 plus or minus 1.65 
X 94). 

Tables B and C provide the reliability estimates of the 
estimated number of farms in a county reporting complete 
count and sample items, respectively. Both tables show 
the percent relative standard errors for selected estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting an item. These are 
derived from a regression equation. The parameters of the 
regression equation were estimated using the estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting the complete count 
or sample item as the independent variable and the 
standard error of that estimate as the dependent variable 
for all counties in the State. 



Table B. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Complete Count Item: 
1987 



Farms 


Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 


Number of farms reporting: 
25 


13.8 
8.0 
5.6 
4.3 
2.9 
2.2 
1.5 
.9 
.6 
.5 
.3 
.2 




75 






200 






750 






2 000 





Note: Complete count items are items in sections 1 to 22 of thie report 
form. 



To illustrate the use of these tables, assume that the 
estimate of the number of farms reporting hogs and pigs 
for a particular county, as given in county table 12, is 89. 
Since hogs and pigs is a complete count data item, refer to 
table B and select the estimated relative standard error of 
the estimate from the row whose value is equal to or just 
less than the estimated number of farms, 89. For this 
example, the relative standard error of the estimate comes 
from the row for 75 farms reporting. For sample data items, 
follow the same procedure using table C. In counties that 
had less than 100 farms in the 1982 Census of Agriculture, 
table C does not apply because the farms in these 



counties were sampled with certainty (1 in 1), and thus, the 
reliability estimates for the number of farms in these 
counties are smaller than for counties that were sampled 
at lower rates (1 in 2 or 1 in 6). 

Table C. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Number of farms reporting: 

25- 

50 

75 

100 

150 

200 

300 

500 

750 

1 ,000 

1,500 

2,000 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



26.6 
21.1 
17.5 
14.6 
10.8 
8.6 
6.0 
3.8 
2.6 
1.9 
1.3 
1.0 



Note: Sample items are items in sections 23 to 28 of the report form. 

Table D presents the relative standard error of selected 
State data items for all farms and for all farms with sales of 
$1 0,000 or more. The percent relative standard error of the 
estimate for complete count data measures the variation 
associated with the sample-based adjustment for whole 
farm nonresponse. The percent relative standard error of 
the estimate for sample items measures both the sampling 
error due to the nonresponse sample estimation procedure 
and the census sample selection and estimation proce- 
dure. The reliability of State estimates may vary substan- 
tially from State to State. Generally, State estimates for a 
given data item are less reliable than the corresponding 
U.S. estimate. 

Table E presents the standard error (not relative stand- 
ard error) for percent change in State totals from 1 982 to 
1 987. The general purpose of the percent change estimate 
is to provide a relative measure of the difference in a 
characteristic between censuses. The relative change for 
a given characteristic is defined as the ratio of the differ- 
ence of the 1987 and the 1982 estimate for that charac- 
teristic to the 1982 estimate. This ratio is multiplied by 100 
to obtain the percent change. The percent standard error 
of a percent change estimate, then, is the standard error of 
the ratio multiplied by 100. 

Table F presents the relative standard error for county 
totals for 10 major complete count items and 7 sample 
items. The relative standard error of the estimate (percent) 
for the same item differs among counties in a State. 
Reasons for this are differences among counties in (1) the 
total number of farms, (2) the number of large farms 
included with certainty, (3) the size classifications of the 
farms sampled, (4) the amount of nonresponse, (5) the 
general agricultural characteristics, and (6) the specific 
characteristic being measured. 



C-4 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR 

The accuracy of the census counts are affected by the 
joint effects of the sampling errors described in the previ- 
ous section and nonsampling errors. Extensive efforts 
were made to compile a complete and accurate mail list for 
the census, to design an understandable report form and 
instructions, and to minimize processing errors through the 
use of quality control, verification, and check measures on 
specific operations. Nonsampling errors arise from incom- 
pleteness of the census mail list, duplication in the mail list, 
incorrect data reporting, errors in editing of reported data, 
and errors in imputation for missing data. These specific 
nonsampling errors are further discussed in this section. 
Evaluation studies will be conducted to measure the extent 
of certain nonsampling errors such as coverage error, 
classification error, and item imputation. 

Census Coverage 

The main objective of the census of agriculture is to 
obtain a complete and accurate enumeration of U.S. farms 
with accurate data on all aspects of the agricultural oper- 
ation. However, the cost and availability of resources for 
this enumeration place restrictions on operationally feasi- 
ble data collection methodologies. The past five agricul- 
ture censuses have been conducted by mail enumeration 
with telephone contact for selected nonrespondents. The 
completeness of such an enumeration thus depends to a 
large extent on the coverage of farm operations by the 
census mail list. 

Historically, the census of agriculture has included 
approximately 90 percent of the farms in the United States 
and over 96 percent of the agricultural production. Com- 
plete enumeration of agricultural operations satisfying the 
farm definition of $1,000 or more in agricultural sales is 
complicated by fluctuations in agricultural operations qual- 
ifying for enumeration, the variety of arrangements under 
which farms are operated, the multiplicity of names used 
by an operation, the number of operations in which an 
operator participates, the accuracy of data reporting, etc. A 
new mail list is compiled for each census because no 
current single list of agricultural operations is comprehen- 
sive. 

An evaluation of census coverage has been conducted 
for each census of agriculture since 1945. The evaluation 
provides estimates of the completeness of census farm 
count and major census data items. In addition, the 
evaluation helps to identify problems in the census enu- 
meration and provide information that can form the basis 
for improvements. The results of the 1987 Coverage 
Evaluation program will be published in volume 2, part 2. 

The evaluation of coverage conducted in 1987 was 
designed to measure errors in the census mail list and in 
farm classification. Mail list error includes a measurement 
of farms not on the census mail list (undercount), and a 
measurement of farms enumerated more than once in the 



census (overcount). Classification error includes a mea- 
surement of farms classified as nonfarms in the census 
(undercount) and of nonfarms classified as farms in the 
census (overcount). Classification error arises from report- 
ing and processing errors. Mail list undercount dominates 
all coverage errors. Net coverage error is defined as the 
difference of undercounted and overcounted farms. Mea- 
surements of these errors, as well as a description of the 
complete coverage program, will be available in the Cov- 
erage Evaluation report. 

Mail List Coverage 

A major problem with the use of a mail list for the census 
of agriculture enumeration is the difficulties that are encoun- 
tered in compiling a complete list. The percentage of farms 
on the census mail list varies considerably by State. 
Several reasons have contributed to farm operators' names 
not being included on the census mail list— the operation 
may have been started after the mail list was developed, 
the operation may be so small as not to appear in 
agricultural related source lists used in compiling the 
census list, or the operation may have been falsely clas- 
sified as a nonfarm prior to mailout. A large proportion of 
the farms not included on the mail list were small in both 
acres and sales of agricultural products. 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture Coverage Evaluation 
used the area segment sample of the 1987 June Enumer- 
ative Survey (JES) of the National Agricultural Statistical 
Service (NASS) to estimate farms not on the census mail 
list. The Census Bureau contracted with the NASS to 
augment the JES data collection and receive survey data 
under the confidentiality protection afforded by Title 13, 
U.S. Code, from all residents of area sample segments 
with agricultural activity. These survey records were matched 
to the census mail list. Records that did not match were 
mailed a census of agriculture report form to estimate mail 
list coverage. Estimates of farms not on the census mail 
list used the capture-recapture dual frame estimator that 
will be described in the Coverage Evaluation report. 

Table G provides coverage evaluation estimates of the 
number of farms not on the mail list and selected charac- 
teristics of those farms with their percent relative standard 
error. The table also provides an estimate of characteris- 
tics of farms not on the mail list as a percentage of total 
farms in the State. The estimate of total farms in the State 
is based on census farm count and the estimated number 
of farms not on the census mail list. This estimate of total 
farms in the State was not adjusted for classification and 
list duplication errors. Estimates of these errors will be 
made at the regional rather than the State level and will be 
available in the Coverage Evaluation report. The table 
provides the standard error (not relative standard error) of 
this percent estimate. 

Respondent and Enumerator Error 

Incorrect or incomplete responses to the mailed census 
report form or to the questions posed by a telephone 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-5 



enumerator introduce error into the census data. Sucli 
incorrect information can lead, in some cases, to incorrect 
enumeration of farms. Tliis type of reporting error is 
measured by the Classification Error Study discussed later 
in this section. To reduce all types of reporting error, 
questions were phrased as clearly as possible based on 
tests of the census report form, and detailed instructions 
for completing the report form were provided to each 
addressee. In addition, each respondent's answers were 
checked for completeness and consistency. 

Item Nonresponse 

Nonresponse to particular questions on the census 
report that we would logically or statistically expect to be 
present may create a type of nonsampling error in both 
complete count and sample data. When information reported 
for another farm with similar characteristics is used to edit 
or impute for item nonresponse, the data may be biased 
because the characteristics of the nonrespondents have 
not been observed and may differ from those reported by 
respondents. Any attempt to correct the data for nonre- 
sponse may not completely reflect this difference either at 
the element level (individual farm operation) or on the 
average. 

Processing Error 

The many steps of processing of each census report 
form are sources for the introduction of nonsampling error. 
The processing of the census report forms includes cleri- 
cal screening for farm activity, computerized check-in of 
report forms and followup of nonrespondents, keying and 
transmittal of completed report forms, computerized edit- 
ing of inconsistent and missing data, review and correction 
of individual records referred from the computer edit, 
review and correction of tabulated data, and electronic 
data processing. These operations undergo a number of 
quality control checks to ensure as accurate an application 
as possible, yet some errors are not detected and cor- 
rected. 

Classification Error 

An evaluation study of classification errors was con- 
ducted in the 1987 Census of Agriculture as part of the 
census coverage evaluation program. A sample of mail list 
respondents was selected, and these addresses reenu- 
merated to determine whether they were a farm or non- 
farm. A farm status determination was made based on the 
evaluation questionnaire and compared with the status 
based on the data reported on the census form. Differ- 
ences in status were reconciled. 

In past censuses, the proportion of farms undercounted 
due to classification errors was higher for farms with small 
values of sales. The classification error rate was higher for 
(1) livestock farms than crop farms, (2) farms with a small 



number of acres than larger farms, or (3) tenant farms than 
full or part-owner farms. Results from the 1987 classifica- 
tion error study will be published in the Coverage Evalua- 
tion report. 



EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 
NONRESPONSE 



For the 1987 Census of Agriculture, as in previous 
censuses, all reported data were keyed and then edited by 
computer. The edits were used to determine whether the 
reports met the minimum criteria to be counted as farms in 
the census. Computer edits also performed a series of 
complex, logical checks of consistency and completeness 
of item responses. They provided the basis for deciding to 
accept, impute (supply), delete, or alter the reported value 
for each data record item. 

Whenever possible, edit imputations, deletions, and 
changes were based on component or related data on the 
respondent's report form. For some items, such as oper- 
ator characteristics, data from the previous census were 
used when available. Values for other missing or unaccept- 
able reported data items were calculated based on reported 
quantities and known price parameters. 

When these and similar methods were not available and 
values had to be supplied, the imputation process used 
information reported for another farm operation in a geo- 
graphically adjacent area with characteristics similar to 
those of the farm operation with incomplete data. For 
example, a farm operation that reported acres of corn 
harvested, but did not report quantity of corn harvested, 
was assigned the same bushels of corn per acre harvested 
as that of the last nearby farm with similar characteristics 
that reported acceptable yields during that particular exe- 
cution of the computer edit. The imputation for missing 
items in each section of the report form was conducted 
separately; thus, assigned values for one operation could 
come from more than one respondent. 

Prior to the imputation operation, a set of default values 
and relationships were assigned to the possible imputation 
variables. The relationships and values varied depending 
on the item being imputed. For example, different default 
values were assigned for several standard industrial clas- 
sification and total value of sales categories when imputing 
hired farm labor expenses. These values and item relation- 
ships for the possible imputation variables were stored in 
the computer in a series of matrices. The computer 
records were sorted by reported State and county, where 
the county sequence was based on similar types of farms 
and agricultural practices. 

Each execution of the computer edit consisted of records 
from only one State. For a given execution of the edit, the 
stored entries in the various matrices were retained in the 
computer only until a succeeding record having acceptable 
characteristics for some sections of the report form was 
processed by the computer. Then the acceptable responses 



C-6 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



of the succeeding operation replaced those previously 
stored. When a record processed through the edit had 
unreported or unacceptable data, the record was assigned 
the last acceptable ratio or response from an operation 
with a similar set of characteristics. Once each execution 
of the computer edit for a State was completed, the 
possible imputation variables were reset to the default 
values and relationships for subsequent executions. 

After the initial computer edit, keyed reports not meeting 
the census farm definition were reviewed to ensure that 



the data were keyed correctly. Edit referrals were gener- 
ated for about 30 percent of the reports included as farms, 
and they were also reviewed for keying accuracy and to 
ensure that the computer edit actions were correct. If the 
results of the computer edit were not acceptable, correc- 
tions were made and the record was reedited. More 
extensive discussions of the edit and item imputation 
methodology with measures of the extent of imputation in 
the census estimates will be provided in a separate 
research report. 



Tables D through G follow. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-7 



Table D Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 









$1 000 












$1,000 




rinllars 


Farms by size: 
1 to 9 acres (arms. 




acres. 




acres. 


acres. 




acres. 




acres. 


2 000 acres or more 


acres. 




acres. 




Acres harvested: 


acres, 
farms 


10 to 49 acres 


farms 




acres. 




acres. 




acres. 




acres. 


acres. 


Cropland used only lor pasture or grazing. 


acres. 

acres, 
farms 




acres. 


Acres irrigated: 


acres. 


10 to 49 acres 








100 to 199 acres 


acres. 


200 to 499 acres 


farnl' 






1 000 acres or more 




V^arkel value ol agricultural products sold 


$1,000. 


Value ol sales 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 


$10 000 10 S24 999 


$1,000. 
farms 




$1,000. 


$50 000 to $99 999 


$1,000. 
farms 


$100,000 or more . 


$1,000. 
farms. 



Corn for gram 

Wfieat 

Soybeans 

Sorgfium for grain . 
Barley 



1 096 313 

369 751 

1 765 



2 397 

501 290 

2 172 



24 869 

293 
41 001 



10 200 

874 

49 588 



6 850 
58 

15 640 
27 

17 847 



101 280 

86 

146 613 

225 
6 979 

575 
43 051 



17 847 

8 

14 287 



C-8 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table D Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987-Con. 



aning of abbreviations i 



symbols, see introductory text] 



jve standard 

r of estimate 

(percent) 



s with sales of $10,000 c 



Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons St.uuu. 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes ._ $1,000- 

Nursery and greenhouse crops _ $1,000. 

Other crops -„ _-- - $1,000. 



Sheep, lambs, and wool. 



I products (see text) -._ $1,000. 



xcept cash grains ( 



General f 



(017) 

(018) 

' crop (019). 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (021) farms. 

Dairy farms (024) farms. 

Poultry and eggs (025) farms. 

Animal specialties (027) farms. 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal specialties (029) farms. 



Partnership farms. 

Corporation farms. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. farms. 

Tenure of operator: 



Part owners 
Tenants ... 



farms- 
acres. 



Avera e a e of erator 


acres. 


Annual commodity acreage adjustment programs 


farms. 


Government payments 


$1 000 




$1 000 


Net cash return from agricultural sales': 






$1,000. 




Farms with net losses 


$1,000. 
... number 



$1,000, 

production expenses' farms 

$1,000 

and poultry purchased farms 

$1 .000 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms 



Id of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



1 428 
20 332 

2 202 

13 488 
11 967 



142 784 
2 724 



346 588 
304 019 
16 037 
14 585 
9 844 



2 465 

25 

16 285 



1 866 
68 350 
36 629 



APPENDIX C C-9 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987-Con 



Relative standard 



Commercial fertilizer _. 
Agricultural chemicals. 
Petroleum products. __ 
Electricity 



I and equipment. 



Property t 
All other I 



Cattle and calves sold ... 
Hogs and pigs inventory.. 



Sheep and lambs sold 




— - farms_ 


Hens and pullels o( laying age mv 
Broilers and other meat-type chick 


ntory 

ens sold 


""'"■■■" ™"^- 








elected crops harvested: 




number. 






bushels. 






acres, 
bushels. 


y g 






Soybeans lor beans 




. farms. 



Hay--alfalla, 
Vegetables 



r tame, small gram, wild, grass silage, green chop. 



2 724 
2 591 
2 813 
15 758 



25 903 

220 

48 308 



! ol agricultural products sold are i 



C-10 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



to 1987 



(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 


















.farms 


Farms with sales 


Df $10,000 or more 


Item 


Percent change 


Standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


Percent change 


Standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


Farms 

Land in farms 

Value ol land and buildings'. 

Average per farm 


...number.. 


'-72 
1,3 


.7 
4,8 


"-98 
,2 


5,3 




, 


-15.7 
-3.8 
-19.6 
-11.7 


,7 

J 
6 


-23,6 
-6,0 
-26,8 




Han/ested cropland 


'"'" acresll 




Irrigated land 


farms.. 


18.9 
37.7 


1,7 
,8 


10,9 
37,6 


'l 




, 


19 J 


,7 


-14,7 
20,0 






$1.000.. 




Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops 

Livestock, poultry, and tlieir products 

Poultry and poultry products 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


-20.4 
-12.8 
-4.3 
33.5 
3.0 
37,6 


.7 

> 
,2 
,6 
2 


-27,5 
-12,8 
-5,2 
33,6 

376 




5 
3 
5 
2 
5 
2 


Selected farm production expenses': 
Livestock and poultry purctiased 

Feed for livestock and poultry 


.... farms.. 

$1.000.. 
farms.. 

$1.000.. 


-^3 
33,2 
-10,1 
24,5 

-17.5 
-21.0 

3^0 
-14.2 
27,4 
-1,3 
-12,2 


4,5 

42 
1,9 
3,3 
4,7 

11 

11 

^% 
4,9 
3,2 


43:8 
-4,5 

-21^2 
24,3 

-26,1 
-21,7 
-18,8 

-95 

-9^4 


3 

; 


9 
5 
9 




$1.000.. 


^ 




$1.000.. 


3,3 
2,9 
3,6 

4,2 
3,1 


Hired larm labor 

Interest^ 


$1.000.. 
farms.. 

$1.000.. 
.... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Livestock and poultry inventory; 


farms 


-30,2 
-6.5 

-28.5 
-8.6 

-30,4 

-13.2 

-21,1 
-13.6 
250,0 
6513 
-19,5 
-23,4 


1,3 

1^5 
,9 
2,5 

1,5 

,9 
,6 

21,5 

92,0 

12 

8 


-37.8 
-6.0 

-32.9 
-8.2 

-43.8 

-13.1 

-14'6 

220,0 

(D) 

-29,1 


1,0 


Hogs and pigs 


number., 
number. - 


,5 




number.. 






acres.. 


204 




acres.. 


(D) 


^ 


acres.. 








-23,9 
-17,0 

-11,5 

-13^6 
6,5 

-234 
6,9 


7 

1,6 
1,9 
1,7 
,7 
6,0 
1,2 


-28,1 
-19,4 

-23,8 
3,7 

-19,6 
67 




Hay-alfalla. other tame, small gram. wild, grass silage, green chop, e 
Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 


'... farms.. 


il 


Land in orchards 


.... farms.. 


-10,5 


7,2 



'Data a 






2Data fo 


r 1987inc 


ude cost ol custom applic 


=Data (0 


r 1982 do 


not include imputation lor 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-11 



Table F Reliability Estimates of County Totals: 1987 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text] 





..™ 


Land in farms 


Average value of land 
and buildings per farm' 


Estimated market value 
of all machinery and 


Harvested cropland 


Irrigated land 


Geographic area 


Total 
(number) 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Total 
(acres) 


Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 


(dollars) 


Relative 
standard 

estimate 
(percent) 


Total 
($1,000) 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Total 
(acres) 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Total 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Kent 


857 

380 

1 729 


5 

3 


93 998 
312 803 


^6 


402 674 
670 476 
287 359 


6.6 
7.6 
6.3 


48 826 
27 202 
82 015 


3.4 
9.4 
2.2 


150 674 
64 358 
226 470 


.9 
.7 


18 521 
40 228 


J 


New Castle 

Sussex 


7.3 

.7 




Cattle and calves 
inventory 


Hogs and pigs inventory 


Corn for gram or seed 


Wheat for gram 


Soybeans lor beans 


Market value of agricultural 
products sold 


Geographic area 


Total 
(number) 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Total 
(number) 


Relative 

estimate 
(percent) 


Total 
(acres) 


Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 


Total 
(acres) 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Total 
(acres) 


Relative 
standard 
error of 

(percent) 


Total 
(acres) 


Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 


Kent 


16 179 
4 619 
10 393 


,0 
19 


5 958 
1 079 
42 677 


42 
1.0 


38 846 
34 367 
57 021 


13 
13 


15 416 
3 726 
24 431 


2.0 
24 


70 261 
17 146 
132 534 


13 

22 

9 


83 607 
30 417 
329 552 


.3 




5 


Sussex 


.1 






Selected farm production expenses' 


Geographic area 


Livestock and poultry 
purchased 


Commercial lemlizer 


Hired farm labor 


Petroleum products 


Electricity for the U 


rm business 


Total 
(SI. 000) 


Re 

standard 

of est 

(pe 


error 
mate 
cent) 


Total 
($1,000) 


Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


($1,000) 


Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


(SI 


Total 
000) 


Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


Total 
($1,000) 


Relative 
standard error 

(percent) 


Kent 

Newcastle 

Sussex 


7 887 
828 

44 807 


2.9 
4.0 

.5 


6 750 
2 831 
6 221 


4.7 
4.5 
35 


7 641 
4 223 
10 924 


13 
72 


■ 


989 
187 
612 


3,2 
4.3 
1.6 


1 005 

746 

3 112 


3.2 

4.9 
1.3 



C-12 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table G State Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the l\/lail List: 1987 



[Data are based on a sample of farms: see text Foe meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texfl 












Not on mail list 


Percent not on mail list 


Item 


Total number 


Relative standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


Total percent 


Standard error of percent 


Farms 


_.__..number.. 


247 
5 630 

(S) 
(S) 

158 
2 770 


10.7 
49.3 

(S) 
(S) 

16 3 
95,1 


9 

(S) 
(S) 

6.8 


IZ^ 


Farms by size: 
Less than 50 acres .._ 


farms 


!i! 


Harvested cropland 


farms.. 

acres.. 


.5 
(Z) 


Farms by value of sales: 

Less ttian $10.000 

Less than $2.500 

$2,500 to $9.999 


IIIIIII farms.. 


2f 
(S) 
(S) 

501 


10,7 
(S) 
(S) 

23,8 


182 
(S) 
(S) 


1.0 
(S) 
(S) 


Market value of agricultural products sold-._. 


$1,000.. 


(Z) 


Farms by standard industrial classification: 

Crops (01) 

Livestock (02) 


farms.. 

farms.. 


(S) 
(S) 


(S) 
(S) 


ill 


(S) 
(S) 


Farms by tenure of operator: 
Full owners — 


farms.. 


247 


10.7 


11.9 


.7 


Tenants 


farms.. 


- 


Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 


;i^;";i;iii"i;iii; tarms^^ 


247 


10,7 


172 


i.a 






50-2 


21.5 


(X) 


(X) 







Note 1 : Farms classided as nonfarms, nonfarms classified as farms, and 
the 1987 Coverage Evaluation publication. See appendix C for futher explanation. 

Note 2: Detail may not add to total due to rounding 



than once in the census j 



i not accounted for in these estimates. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-13 



APPENDIX D. 
Report Form and Information Sheet 



DUE BY FEBRUARY 1. 1988 



UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



i 



hIE CENSUS 



file by February 1 , a t 



NOTICE - Response to th.s .nqu-fy is requirPd by law (tJtlp 1 3. US Code). By the same law YOUR REPORT TO 
THE CENSUS BUREAU IS CONFIDENTIAL, It may be seen only by sworn Census employees and may bc used 
only for staiislical purposes. Your tepod CANNOT be used for purposes of taxation, investigation, or regulation. 



Census File Number (CFN) 



r 



1 Z/P Code ENTBR s 



5, by you, your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or 

organization for which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, 
REGARDLESS OF LOCATION OR USE cropland. 



Number of acres 



All I 



All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land worked 
by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for services, 
payment of taxes, etc Include leased Federal, State, and railroad 
land. (DO NOT include land used on a perhead basis under a 
grazing permit.) Also complete item 5 below D 



4 . Acres in "THIS PLACE" - add acres o^ 
and acres rented (item 2), then SUBTRACT i 
TO OTHERS (item 3). and enter the result in 



1 6 below, n 



i FROM OTHERS (item 21. enter the following information for each landlorc 



; (Include ZIP Code) Number of acres 



Name of rente 



7. Did you have any grazing permits on a per-head b 

1 I — ! Yes — Mark IX) all boxes which apply . 
. n NO- Go ro*remS 



4 I I Taylor Grazing Sec. 3 (BLM) 
s □ Indian Land 
^ 6 LJ Other Specify^ 



8. L0CA7I0N OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY FOR "THIS PLACE" 



largest value of your 
agricultural products 
raised or produced? , 



J also had agrlcultur 

countyiies), enter the 
county name(s), etc. . . 



INSTRUCTIONS — Please report your crops in the appropriate 

Use section 7 to report ONLY those CROPS NOT listed in sections 2 through 6 

and section 8. DO NOT INCLUDE crops grown on land rented to others. 



1. Corn (field) for grain 
seed IRepon Quanrity o 
dry shelled weight basis 



3. Soybeans for beans 

4. Beans, dry edible . . 

5. Wheat for gram . . . 

6. Oats for gram 

7. Barley for grain . . . 

8. Rye for grain 



10. Sorghum for silage 
green chop /Do nor n 

sorghum Sudan crosses 

11. Tobacco — all typ 

12. Potatoes. Irish 



^^ 1 n YES - CompletB this section 2 □ NO - Go ro se. 

If cuttings were made for both dry hay aryd grass silage, haylage. or greer} chop 
from the same fields, report the acreage in the appropriate ttcms under DRY 
HA Y and also under GRASS SILAGE. HA YLAGE. and Gflff A/ CHOP. 

1 . DRY HAY af two or more cutting: 



a. Alfalfa and alfalfa m 
hay or dehydrating 

b. Small grain hay — o 
barley, rye. etc 

c. Other tame dry hay — clover, lespedeza, 
timothy, Sudangrass. i 






etc. 



han/osted 


Quantity 
harvested 


Acres 
irrigated 




dry 






d°v"'' 


,08 




Ton. 








"" 


- 


'" 





PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-1 



mill'lt'lli» Were any VEGETABLES. SWEtT COBW. MELONS, etc.. harvesled FOR 
SALE from "THIS PLACE" in 19877 (Do not include those grown for 



n YES - 

iD NO - 



ow, enter the crop r 
t vegetable crop wa: 
trt crops grown undi 



i code for each crop harvested in 1 987 . 



Code Acres harvested 



379 I Cucumbi 



CarMaloups and 



uiiHilit^Wli Ml.-. .„„ nTMPn rannc 
grains, field seeifs. or otfii 
J., (Report fruit in section 8.1 

1 n YES 

2n NO 



SMfffiiftJ 



Were any NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS, MUSHROOMS. : 
bulbs, flowers, flower seeds, vegetable seeds and plants, vegetabli 
glass or other protection. GROWN FOR SALE on "THIS PLACE" in 

1 D YES 
zD NO 



1 . Nursery and greenhouse crops irngated in 1 987 . . Q 

2. From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. 



; acres Tenths 



'IM J4JM.'I1*I w.r. .„. gTHAHIBFBBIFS f-R AWBFRRIFS or OTHER BERRIES harvested 
FOR SALE from "THIS PLACE" In 19877 (Do nollncluda thosegrown for 



□ YES 
:n NO 



Acres harvested 



Whole acToa JTenths 



Quantity harvested 



i dewberries (pounds) 



Coda 


Crop nam 




Raspberr. 




Othc. bee 


B,5 


Specify 



from "THIS PLACE" In 1987 - small 



I code from the list below. 



Sweetpoiatoes and yams 



Code Acres harvested 



ity harvested Acres irrigated 



Crop nam. 

Alfalta seed Ipoondsl . . 

Birdsfoot trefoil seed (pounds) - 
Corn cut for dry fodder, hogged 



T hogged or gr 
acres only) 



i total of 20 or more FRUIT TREES. 



GRAPEVINES and NUT TREES, on "THIS PLACE" 



1 . TOTAL ACRES in bearing and nonbearing fnjit orchards, vineyards 
and nut trees on this place. (Do not Include abandoned acres.} 

2. For those crops not listed below, enter the name and code from the list at the nght for other fruit and nut trees on this pla 
Report the requested information for each crop even if not harvested because of low prices, damage from hail, frost, etc 



Wh( 



Crop name 




NUMBER OF 
TREESORVIf^ESOF- 


Acres in trees 

and vines of 

all ages 


Quantity 
harvested 


"'"wartTne"'" 






Nonbearing 
age 


Bearing 
age 


Lbs 


Tons 


Bees 


per 


Whole acres 'Tenths 


Apples 


123 






1 no 




,ri 


2a 


3D 


.!9 


Grapes 


177 






1 no 




1 n 


,n 


30 1 


Sweet cherries 


345 








3.a 


, n 


,n 


3D 1 


Tan cherries 


587 










:n 


7n 


,nl"' 








' 


1 no 




'n 


,n 












1 no 




:o 


jH 


3n l' 



Crop nam* 

Other fruit and nuts — Specif 



D-2 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



lidiMMiU GROSS VALUE of CROPS SOID f,.m "THIS PLACE" in 1 987. BEFO 
S9 taxes and expen.«s meter to the mFORMATION SHEET, section 9.1 


RE 

sold 


'<-^ JA^I.l.'hkt 1 n... y- „ .-, ■.. h^. ..., r attiT;; r Ai «Ffi on th» place in 1 9877 


from this place in 7 987. Include the value of the landlord's and/or contractors 
estimating it necessary. Include value of Government CCC loans. 


2 n NO - Goros,cr,<,n,4 

• DECEMBER 31, 1937 INVENTORY '^°"« 
1 . CATTLE^ AND CALVES^of all ages j-| 

a . BEEF COWS - /ncluda beef he.ler, th«r p-, 
hsd CBtved □ 

b. MILK COWS kept for production of milk or 

cream for sale or home use - include dry ,— . 
rrt:lk coms and millt he/fers rhat hod CBlved □ 

c . HEIFERS AND HEIFER CALVES - IDo nor Include 
heifers, hat had calved. 1 U 

d.STEERS, STEER CALVES, BULLS, ^ 


INVENTORY 
Place otl' 31 ,*'l87 


1 . Grains, soybeans and other beans sold in 1 987 None 

a . Com for grain □ 

b. Wheat □ 

c . Soybeans D 

d. Sorghum for grain D 

». Bariey □ 

1. Oats D 

g. Other - rye. dry beans, dry peas, popcorn. 

2. Tobacco n 

3. Hay, silage, field seeds, and grass seeds O 

S. Fruits, nuts, and hemes - apples, peaches, grapes. 






;" 


00 




s" 


00 




s" 


00 


ao= 


s 


00 


s 


00 


and 

heifer 

calves 


s 


00 




00 


'<" Steers and 
bulls of 




00 






i' 


00 


FROM THIS PLACE IN 1987 

2 . Calves weighing less than 500 pounds D 

500 pounds or more □ 

a . Of the total cattle sold, how many were 
FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or 
CONCENTRATES for 30 days or more ^ 
and SOLO for SLAUGHTER? □ 


1 


Number sold 
in 1987 


Gross value of sales 


T 


00 


Dollors ICenls 


« 


00 


"" 


S 1 00 


7 


00 




$ 1 00 


a. 


S 1 00 




7 




E™iSE^aSSE^=--' 


urease ml9B7 
report cropland 




. DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD FROM 




DAIRY PRODUCTS 
Gross value of sales 




2. CROPLAND N<>"o 

pastured Q 

f . Cropland idle □ 

^- **~!""alT™^"1f.?;s an. --woodland pastured D 






4. Gross value of sales of DAIRY PRODUCTS 

from this place in 1 987 - include mllk, cream. 


Dollars ] C,n>3 




S 1 00 






789 


2 □ NO - Gorosacrlon.5 
. DECEMBER 31. 1987 INVENTORY ''°"° 
1 . HOGS and PIGS of all ages iTotai or a and 6 beiowi . . □ 
a . HOGS and PIGS used or to be used for BREEDING D 


INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31.1987 




,30 


Breodinfl 




'" 








7 94 


. LITTERS FARROWED 








Mumber of liners 




795 


a. December 1, 1986 and May 31, 1987 □ 






b.Junel, 1987 and November 30, 1987 D ° 


,9 












• HOGS AND PIGS SOLD None 

3. HOGS and PIGS SOLD from this ^ 
place in 1987 D 

4. Of the hogs and pigs sold, how many were 
sold as FEEDER PIGS for further feeding? □ 


in''°987 


Gross value of sales 


Dollars 1 Cents 






S 1 00 








S 1 00 


!Z''nSeVrnTf!:^r':nt^JicZTr%lne7fn'^^^^^^ □ 

'• ia°nS;:ot7nc;u'^id°:n''itr:T'^Eov;Te^L^i^f!gaT'dr.^,''''". n 




"% n YES - C<»npte«,ftl..««on 


Number Of acres 
irrigated 




2 n NO - Go.osecr.onl 


1 


None 
1 . SHEEP and LAMBS of all ages D 


INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31,1987 


NUMBER SOLD 
in 1987 


"' 








^'''^*'''^::z7iof.T::^^^^^^ 




a.EWESI year old or older O 


,2e 






^ 






None 
2. SHEEP and LAMBS SHORN . . .. □ 


Numbershorn 


''shom',n'l98?' 




Number of acres 




B2B 














Gross value of sales 






PROGRAM llOyear.CRP)? 


^ n 




3. What was the gross value of sales of SHEE 
LAMBS, and WOOL from this place in 1 98 


r? 




Ed 


i 00 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-3 



i-< JAJMJltfcyi GOVERMMgWT CCC LOANS 



2. Colonies of bees - 



4. Angora goats. 



863 



Other fish - Specify 

Other aquaculture 

KiaHlnJ.'kfcf ^ niH .m. ^, .■..^„. .1.. h. y onm Tov — -u — /..^..-./r^^ 

TURKEYS, DUCKS, etc., on this place in 1 987? - 



B. Other goats □ 

6. Mules, burros, and 

donkeys □ 

7. Mink and their 

pelts n 



8 . Rabbits and their 



INVENTORY 
Dec. 31. 1987 



1:^=::^ 



Gross value of sales 



1 . Amount received in 1 987 fi 
Include regular and reserve lo 
■ .Corn . . 

b. Wheat 



1 Government CCC loans for - None 
D 



.Soybeans □ 

.Sorghum, barley, and oats CZl 

.Tobacco, rye, and honey □ 



FEDERAL FARM PROGRAMS 
In 1 987 (DO HOT INCLUDE CCC loans.! Refer to INFORMA TION 
SHEET, section 19. 



1 . Amount received in cash 

2. Value of certificates received — payment-in-kind (PIKI 
or commodity certificates 



aiWiliifflgii I TYPE OF ORCAMI7ATION 



Total quantity sold 
in 1987 


Gross value of sales 


Dollars 1 Cants 


-- -on- -'''"SI"!. 


1; |„ 



Kajr^iTTPian t COHPOHATF STRUCTIIHF (for ir.rnmnr.rt>d nn.»Minn. n-lvl 



Catfish 



1- Is this a family-held corporation? i (HI Yes 2 CD No 

2. Are there more than 10 stockholders? a CH Yes < [ 1 No 

ft-4a.titlh'B^ I CHARACTFRISTICS AND nnr.llPATiniM OF OPFBATOH IS.nl.., r..rtn.r 



iD YES 

2 □ NO - Gotosectior, 18 Nonf 

1 . HENS and PULLETS of laying age D 

2. PULLETS for laying flock replacement 

a .PULLETS 3 months old or older not yet of laying age D 
b.PULLET CHICKS and PULLETS under 3 months old _, 



chickens 



3. BROILERS, fryers, and other 1 
including capons and roasters 

4. TURKEYS 

a .Turkeys for slaughter IDo not mdude breeders.. 
b. Turkey HENS kept for breeding 

5. OTHER POULTRY raised in captivity - ducks 
geese, pigeons or squab, pheasants, quail, et( 



Code . 
Code , 



INVENTORY 

this place 
Dec. 31, 1987 



t 



Total number 



7. Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1987 . □ 



8. Whatwi 
poultry a , 
etc.) from tfiis place ii 



FAMILY or INDIVIDUAL operation - 

IDo nor include partnership an 
PARTNERSHIP operation 



INCORPORATED UNDER STATE LAW 
OTHER, such as estate or trust, prison f; 



.□) — 
3 Gcos 



e INFORMA TION SHfET. : 



2. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which occupation 
did the operator spend the majority (50 percent or 
more) of his/her worktime in 1987? For partnerahips 



3. OFF- FARM WORK - How many days did the operator 
(senior partner or person in charge) work at least 
4 hours per day off this place in 1 987 ? — include work 



□ No 



f , n None 
2 □ 1-49 days 

I 3 □ 50-99 days 
< □ 100- 149 days 
5 □ 150- 199 days 

, 6 □ 200 days or mort 



5. AGE of operator (si 



■ partner or person in charge) 



6. RACE of operator (senior partner or person in charge) . 



7. SEX of operator (senior partner or person in charge) 

8. SPANISH ORIGIN - Is the operator (senior partner 
or person in charge) of Spanish origin or descent 
(Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish)? . 



r . □ White 

2 □ Negro or Black 

3 Q American Indian 

4 n Asian or Pacific 

9 □ Other - Speciivj 



□ Male 1 □ Fern 

□ Yes 2 □ No 



D-4 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Include your best estimates of expenses paid by you. your landlord, contractors, 
buyers, and others for production of crops, livestock, and other agricultural products 
in 1 987. (DO NOT INCLUDE expenses connected with performing customwork for 
others; operation of nonfarm a ' ' ' 
expenses not related to the fai 



I poultrv purchased - cattle, calves, 
hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, goats, horses, chicks, poults. 



2 . Feed purchased for livestock and poultry — grain 

hay, silage, mixed feeds, concentrates, etc 

a. Commercially mixed formula feeds purchased — 
complete, supplement, concentrates, premixes. 



3 . Seed cost — for com, other grains, soybeans, tobacco. 



4 . Commercial fertilizer purchased — all 

forms, including rock phosphate and gypsum. 



6 . Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 
purchased for the farm business - 

a. Gasoline and gasohol 

b. Diesel fuel 

c. Natural gas 

d- LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease 

7 . ElectrlcltY for the farm business - (Do not 



8 . Hired farm and ranch labor — also include employer's cost 
for social security, workman's compensation, insurance 
premiums, pension plans, etc. (See information sheet} 

9 . Contract labor — include expenditures for labor, such 



1 0. Repair and maintenance expenses for the 

upkeep of buildings, motor vehicles, and farm 
equipment . 



ring, silo filling, spraying, dusting, fertilizing, etc. (Do 



b.Not secured by r 



1 4. Property taxes paid — include farm real e 



5. All other production expenses —include insurance. 

water, ammal health costs, grazing fees, marketing charges. 

supplies, etc. (Do not include depreciation. 



Was any COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER, including ROCK PHOSPHATE, 
LIME used on this place during 1987? 

□ yes - Con^pfete thla sBCtlon 2 □ NO - Go to section 25 



1 . Acres of cropland fertilized in 1 987 — (Do not include cropland 



None Tons of li 

: □ 



n YES^ Carnpl^BtHiss 



Include any materials provided by you, your I 

listed, report acres only once. If multipurpose chemicals wc 

treated for each purpose. 

1. Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., (fungicide, 
herbicide, insecticide, nematicidel to control — 
a. Insects on crops, including hay 



. Diseases in crops and orchards (blights 



d . Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and pasture - 

Include both pre-emergence and post emergence . , . 

2. Chemicals for defoliation or for growth control 

of crops c 



Value of ALL machinery and equipment on this place, December 31, 1987 



1 . What ts the estimated market value of ALL machinery, 
implements usually kept on this place 
for the farm or ranch business? — include cars, 
ment. dairy equipment including 



Estimated market % 



SELECTED machinery 

this place, December 31 . 1 987. (Report 

onlyffusedin 1986or 1987.) 



. Motortrucks — include pickups . . - . 
. Wheel tractors other than garden tfa( 

and motor tillers — 

a. Less than 40 horsepower (PTO). 



b. 40 horsepower (PTO) or more . . . 
, Grain and bean combines, all types. 

, Cotton pickers and strippers 

, Mower conditioners 

. Pickup balers - include rectangle 



Please give your best ESTIMATE of the CURRENT MARKET 
VALUE of land and buildings for all acres reported in 
section 1 , items 1 , 2, and 3, page 1 . n^ 



i FROM OTHERS LJ 

d TO OTHERS □ 



ja=firiRl>!irta.l iMrnMF from farm - related sources in 1987 



and other agricultural services provided for 
thers — plowing, planting, spraying, 
eparation of products for market, etc. 

fS a separata business, refer to INFORMATION 



3. Sales of forest products and Christmas trees - include 



2. Gross c 



, Recreational services, patronage dividends of cooperatives, 
and other income which is CLOSELY RELATED to the 
agncultural operation on this place - 



a:ftmiyarji)j PERSON COMPLETING THIS REPORT -Please 



r^^? 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-5 



INFORMATION SHEET 

1 987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Special Reporting Instructions 

1 . Who Should Report 

WE NEED A REPLY FROM EVERYONE RECEIVING A REPORT FORM. 
INCLUDING individuals, landlords, tenants, partnerships, 
corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING 
AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each case included in the census has 
a unique Census File Number (CFN). In order to make the census 
results as complete and accurate as possible, we need to obtain 
information about every CFN. 

2. If You Received More Than One Report Form for an Operation 

Complete only ONE report form for an operation. Write "Duplicate" 
near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the 
1 1 digit census file numberlsl of the DUPLICATE report(s) ON THE 
COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided to the left of the address 
label. Return the extra report(s) in the same envelope with your 
completed report form so that we can correct our records. 

3. If You No Longer Farm 

If you had agricultural operations at any time during 1 987, please 
report all agricultural activity during the year. Report all land on your 
census form that you owned or rented. Also, report your 1 987 crop 
and livestock production and 1987 sales. 

Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate sheet of 
paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 
date and the name and address of the present operator, if known. 

4. If You Never Farmed or Have No Association With Agriculture 

Please write a note on the report form near the address label explaining 
this and return the form so that we can correct our records. In our 
efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists 
from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm 
addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. 

5. If You Have More Than One Agricultural Operation 

Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISTINCT 
production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedlot, greenhouse, 
etc., or combination of farms, etc., for which you maintain SEPARATE 
records of operating expenses and sales, livestock and other 
inventories, crop acreages, and production. 

6. If You Have a Partnership Operation 

Complete only ONE report for the entire partnership's agricultural 
operation and include all partners' shares on the one report. If 
members of the partnership also operate separate farms or ranches in 
addition to the partnership farming operation, separate report forms 
should be completed for each individual operation. 

If two or more report forms were received for the same operation, mark 
each additional form as a "Duplicate." Return the duplicate report(s) in 
the same envelope with the completed partnership report, where 
possible, or write a note on the duplicate report, such as, " (Name of 
partner) has completed a report for the partnership (provide name and 
CFN of partnership.)" 



7. Landlord'; 



r Contract' 



i Share 



or leased land from others or had i 
■ agricultural products, include both your share and the 
contractor's share of the production, sales, and expenses 
js report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." 



BEST ESTIMATE. If ' 
use your best estima 



rs, bushels, tons, etc. Write a 
; or on a separate sheet of papi 

Ttered in whole dollar! 



planation 
CENTS ARE NOT 



numbers except where tenths are requested, such as acres 
harvested. If you have 1/2, 1/3, or 1/4 of an acre, convert 
or example, convert 1/2 to 5/10, 1 /3 to 3/10, 1/4 to 2/10. 



The census report form will contain s( 
not apply to you. When this occurs, nr 
and go on to the next item or section. 



Instructions For Specified Sections 



► Section 1 



ACREAGE IN 1987 

will determine the land (Acres in 
in the rest of the report form. 



When answering the acreage questi 
associated with your agricultural opi 
production or not. Include all land th 
during 1 987 even if only for part of 1 
unrelated residential ( 



IF YOU QUIT FARMING DURING 1 987 — Complete the 
report form for the portion of the year that you did farm. Explain 
on the report form in the space to the left of the address label (or 
on another sheet of paper) when you stopped farming and 
include the name and address of the person now using the land. 



Repo 



vhole ; 



Item 1 — All Land Owned — Report all land owned in 1 987 whether 
held under title, purchase contract or mortgage, homestead law, or as 
heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include all land owned by you 
and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization 
for which you are reporting. 

Item 2 — All Land Rented or Leased FROM OTHERS — 

Report all land rented by you or your operation even though the 
landlord may have supplied materials or supervision. 
INCLUDE in item 2: 

a. Land for agricultural use that you rented from others for cash 
b.Land you worked on a share basis (crop or livestock) 
c.Land owned by someone else that you used rent-free 
d. Federal, State. Indian reservation, or railroad land rented or 
leased by the acre 

DO NOT INCLUDE in item 2: 

Land used on a per-head or animal unit license or permit basis, 
such as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act, National Forest, 
or Indian reservation permit land. If you had any of these 
permits, mark "yes" to item 7. 

Item 3 — All Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS — Include 
all land rented out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage 
reported in items 1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from 
each of your tenants to cover the operations on that land. 
INCLUDE in item 3: 



I land rented to others for cash ( 






. Land worked for you by someone for a share of crops c 

livestock 
. Land which you allowed others to use rent-free 



if item 4, Acres in "THIS PLACE " is "O" and: 



b. All your land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, 
complete item 6 {name and address of renters), skip to and 
complete section 29, and explain briefly, "all land rented 
out," etc. Mail form in return envelope. 

c. You did not have any agricultural activity on owned or rented 
land in 1 987, complete section 29 and explain briefly, such 
as "retired," "sold farm," and date. Give name and address 
of current operator if known and return form. 

>■ Sections 2 through 8 — CROPS 

Sections 2 through 8 provide space for reporting crops harvested 
during the 1 987 crop year from the land shown in section 1 , item 4 
(Acres In "THIS PLACE") of your report. Please report your crops 
in the appropriate sections. Do NOT include any crops grown on 
land rented or leased TO OTHERS, or worked by others on shares 
during 1987. 

Acres harvested — Enter the acres harvested in 1 987. Round 
fractions to whole acres except where tenths are requested by 
"/10" in the reporting box, such as for potatoes. 



D-6 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



different than the 
for the quantity 
5 incomplete by 
jrvested and 



Quantity harvested — If your i 

harvested to the unit requested. It the harvest was 
December 31. 1987, please report the quantity har 
estimated quantity to be harvested. 

Acres irrigated — For each crop irrigated, report n 

irrigated. Irrigation is defined as land watered by an 

means — sprinklers, furrows or ditches, spreader dikes, purposeful 

flooding, etc. Include acres that received supplemental, partial, 

and/or preplant irrigation. Do not report water applied in transplanting 

tobacco plants, trees, or vegetables as irrigation. Leave "Acres 

irrigated" blank for crops that are not irrigated. 

How to Report Crops Harvested 

>- Sections 2 and 3 — Report only for 

To report: 



► Sections 4 through 8 

code number from the li 
in the 



J listed crops. 



(3). 



nforn 



and code 
3f the first available answer line in 
that is requested in the remaining colun 
listed in sections 4 through 8, use the ' 



r appropriate secti 



ify the crop r 



Double Cropping — If two or more crops were harvested from the 
same land (double cropping) report the total acres and production of 
each harvested crop in the appropriate section(s) of the report form. 
Example: \r\ 7987 you harvested 1,230 bushels of wheat from 40 
acres, then on the same 40 acres planted soybeans, from which you 
harvested 1 ,550 bushels You irrigated the soybeans but not the whe 



t-THtFllir-' \ Were any of the following CROPS horvested from 
sj "THIS PLACE ■ In 1 937? 


None 
1. Cotton □ 

2. Soybeans for beans □ 

3. Wheat for grain □ 


Acres 
harvested 


Quantity 
harvested 


irrigated 


0" 


Bales 


093 


°°° if-o 


""^LSSO B. 


°'° f-o 


^O 













crops were gro 



Example 
two rr 



pie: A 60 acre field was planted in cotton and soybeans, with 
Dws of cotton followed by an area of the same width planted in 
!ans No irrigation was used. Thirty acres of soybeans and 30 
. of cotton would be reported in the appropriate section(s). 

Row Planting — If a crop is planted in an alternating pattern ^^ 
ed and non-planted rows, such as two rows planted and two 



skipped (2 X 2), report 

appropriate 

"Cropland ii 



I 10 



ws pianiea ana two 
field occupied by the 
crop, and report the skipped 



I 2f. 



Section 4 — VEGETABLES — Report acres of vegetables harvested 
FOR SALE or commercial processing. Do not include vegetables grown 
for home use. Report the total acreage of each vegetable crop harveste 
Example: In 1987 you harvested 10 acres of lettuce from a field, then 
replanted the field in lettuce and harvested the 10 acres again. Both 
crops of lettuce were irrigated. Enter only 10 acres of land from which 
vegetables were harvested and 10 acres irrigated in item 1 of section 4, 
but write in 20 acres of lenuce harvested and 20 acres of lettuce 
irrigated in item 2 of ! 



^ting the c 



► Section 8 — FRUITS and NUTS — 

of 20 or more trees and vines, includ* 
those maintained for sale of the prodi 
that have been abandoned should no 
be included in section 10, item 2f 'C 









10, item 2f -Cropland 
er than fruit and nut trees and vint 
es, report the total acres for the oi 
al acres of the interplanted crop in 



^ Section 9 - 



^re interplar 
ippropriate 
GROSS VALUE OF CROPS SOLD 

lue of all crops sold from 'THIS PLACE 



987, 



1987. 



Report the value of all crops so 

regardless of the year they were harvested or who owned tl 
sure to report gross values before deducting expenses and I 
Include Government CCC loans received for 'THIS PLACE ' 
Include payments received in 1 987 from cooperatives or marketing 
organizations for crops produced on 'THIS PLACE " regardless of the 
year in which the crops were harvested. 

Also include as sales, your estimate of the value of any crop removed 
from "THIS PLACE" in trade for services, such as hay cut in exchange 
for fence repair, clearing, or other services. If the sale price or market 
value is not known, give your best 
I from "THIS PLACE 



► Section 10 - USE OF ACRES IN "THIS PLACE" 

This section is used to classify the acres in "THIS PLACE" 
reported in section 1 , item 4. (Do not include any acres you 
rented to others reported in section 1 , item 3). The sum of 1 
acres entered in various categories should equal total acres 
"THIS PLACE." 



or all of your land was used for more than one listed purpose in 
1 987, report that land only in the first category listed. For 
example, if you plowed under a cover crop, and planted and 
harvested a grain crop, report the land in item 2a, "Cropland 
harvested," but do NOT report as "Cropland used for cover 
crops, legumes, etc." (item 2c). 

Double Cropping — When more than one crop was harvested 
from the same land in 1 987. report that land only ONCE as 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 

Interplanted Crops — If you interplanted crops, such as cotton 
in an orchard, report the total land used for both crops only 
ONCE, as "Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 

Skip Row Planted Crops — Report the acres that represent the 
total nonplanted or skipped rows as "Cropland idle," item 2f. The 
acres that represent the planted row 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 



I be reported i 



► Section 12 - ACRES SET ASIDE. DIVERTED. OR IDLED 
UNDER FEDERAL ACREAGE REDUCTION 
PROGRAMS IN 1937 

Include in item 2 all acres in "THIS PLACE" retired from productio 
and placed, by long-term contract, into the Conservation Reserve 
Program. Acres placed into the program during and prior to 1 987 
should be included. 

C Sections 13 through 17 -LIVESTOCK. POULTRY, OTHER 
LIVESTOCK, OR ANIMAL 
SPECIALTIES 

Animals and Poultry to Include in the Report — Report all 
animals, poultry, and animal specialties on "this place" (section 
1 , item 4) on December 31,1 987. Include all owned by you and 
any kept by you for others. Include animals on unfenced lands. 
National Forest land, district land, cooperative grazing associatior 
land, or rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land 



December 31,1 987. or animal 
wheat pasture or crop residue) 
be reported by the person who 



5 on a short-term pasture (such as 
on a per-head or lease basis should 
had control of the animals. 



Animals and PouitrY to Exclude from the Report — Do not 

report animals or poultry kept on land rented to others or kept 
under a share arrangement on land rented to others Do not include 
animals quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "this place." 
Animals kept on a place not operated by you are to be included on 
the report for that place. 

Animals Bought and Sold - DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD WITHIN 30 DAYS. Such purchases 

included in this census. 

Number Sold — Report all animals and poultry sold or removed 
from "this place" in 1 987. without regard to ownership or who 
shared in the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord or given 
to a landlord or others in trade or in payment for goods or services. 
Do NOT report number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on 

Dairy Termination Program or "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out 
Program" — The amount received in 1 987 from the 
Government under the dairy termination program should be 
included in section 1 9, item 1 . Dairy animals and products sold 
in 1 987 should be reported in section 1 3. 



they left "this pla 

le£ 
30 days ( 

DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 

a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

b. Veal ca'ves, or any calves weighing less than 500 pounds 

c. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being so 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-7 



Value of Sales — Report the total gross value of animals and poultry 

sold or removed from "this place" in 1 987 without deducting 
production or marketing expenses (cost of feed, cost of livestock 
purchased, cost of hauling and selling, etc.). If the sale price or 
market value is not known, give your best estimate of their market 
value when they left "this place." Do NOT report the value of sales 
of any livestock and poultry owned by you but kept and sold from a 
place you did not operate. 

Contract and Custom Feeding Operations — Livestock or poultry 
kept by you on "this place ' on a contract or custom basis should be 
included on this report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP. Report as 
"INVENTORY" numbers of animals or poultry on the place on 
December 31 , 1 987. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept on s 
contract or custom basis and removed or sold from the place in 1 987. 
If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate 
of the market value of the animals or poultry when they left the place. 



^ Section 21 



. 16 



! of sales. 

and 8 — Mink pelts and rabbit pelts 



r hives of bees and 
: of honey sold. 



sold i 






Item 9 — Other Livestock and Livestock Products — Inclu 
other livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and 
other animal products sold from "this place" in 1 987. Please 
units used in reporting. 

Item 10 — Fish and Other Aquaculture Products — Repor' 
of pounds sold and gross value of sales for each. Enter name a 



>• Section 1 7 



POULTRY 



The person wl 

poultry operat 

birds. Report as sold poulti 

in 1987. 

K Section 1 8 

Item 1 — Repor 



hed the housing and labor should report the 
s/her report form regardless of who owns the 
ere taken or moved from the place 



es placed under CCC I 



December 31, 1987. 

Do not include CCC loans re 

amount received for storage 

K Section 19 - FEDERAL PAYMENTS RECEIVED 



le regular or reserve 

-an during 1 987. Include 

smed or forfeited prior tc 



Report all payments received from Federal Farr 
regardless of whether payment was made in c; 
certificates. Include cash payments in item 1 . 1 
value of any certificates held or the value recei 
redemption of any certificates in 1 987. 



sh or commodity 



Feder; 



Section 20 - 



include receipts from Federal programs such 
Tts, "Whole-herd dairy buy-out," support pri 
lity programs, disaster payments, paid land 
ry reduction payments, i 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

'ing definitions to determine the 



Famrly or Individual Operation - 

organization controlled and operat 
Include family operations that are 
under a partnership agreement. 
Partnership Operation — Define 



■ business 
sole proprietor) 
i not operated 

sons who have 



agn 



eir contribution (capital and effort) and the 
1 of profits. Co-ownership of land by husband and wife or 
Df income tax forms by husband and wife DOES NOT 
a partnership, unless a specific agreement to share 
ns, decisionmaking, profits, and liabilities exists. Production 
ract or under a share rental agreement DOES NOT constitute 



- CORPORATE STRUCTURE 

s to be answered by corporations only. Answe 
ily-held corporation has more than 50 percent < 
by persons related by blood or marriage. 



Section 22 - CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF 
OPERATOR 

This section collects information about 
place" defined as the individual owner, 

r person in charge for the type of organization reported 



individual 



1 20. 



For Partnership Operations — Answer all i 
for the "Senior Partner." The "Senior Partne 
who is mainly responsible for the agricultural operations on "this 
place," not necessarily the person senior in age. If each partner 
shares equally in the day-to-day management decisions, consider 
the oldest as the "Senior Partner." For item 2 (Principal 
Occupation) consider all members of the partnership together. 
Please include as "farming" worktime at all types of agricultural 
enterprises, including work at greenhouses, nurseries, mushroom 
production, ranching, feedlots, broiler feeding, etc. 

For Corporations and Other Operations (Cooperatives, 
Estates, etc.) — Complete section 22 for the person in charge, 

primarily responsible for the on-site, day-to-day operation of the 



Item 4 — Year Began Operation — Report the first year the 
operator or senior partner began to operate any part of "this 
place" on a continuous basis. If the operator 
previously operated, report the year operatio 



~ PRODUCTION EXPENSES paid by you and 
others for "this place" in 1987 

! farm production expenses paid by you, your landlord. 
;tors, or anyone else for crops, livestock, or poultry produced 
s place." Include expenses incurred in 1987 even if they 
ot paid for in 1 987. Please estimate if exact figures are not 
. Refer to the individual expenditure items below for further 



Livestock and Poultry Purchased — Report t 
calves, hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, horses, goats 
poults, etc., including breeding stock and dairy 
growers or custom feeders who did not own or 
livestock or poultry themselves should estimatt 
cattle, calves, pigs, baby chicks, pullets, etc. a' 
came onto the place. 



Feed Purchased for Livestock and Poultry — Report the 
purchase cost of corn, sorghum, oats, barley, other grains, 
silage, hay, mixed feed, concentrates, etc., fed to livestock and 
poultry on "this place." Contract livestock and poultry growers 
should estimate the value of feed provided by the contracting 
company. Custom feedyards should include feed costs for all 

Feed raised on "this place" should not be reported as purchased. 



Cost of Hired Farm and Ranch Labor 

and wages, commissions, dismissal pay, 
bonuses paid to hired workers, family m« 
administrative and clerical employees, ai 
officers. Also, include supplemental cost 
employer's social security contributions, 
workmen's compensatioi 
1 insurance, pension plans, etc. 



- Include gross salaries 
vacation pay, and paid 
mbers, hired managers, 
id salaried corporate 
for benefits such as 
unemployment 
1 insurance, life and 



Contract I 

cooperativ 



bor — Includes the 

or harvesting vege 



Incorporated Under State Law — A corpors 
entity or artificial person created under the lav 
business. This definition does not include coo 
type of corporation should be reported in secli 



. (defined as an incorporated or 
T association created and form 
st (defined as a fund of money 



by a 



1 entity, etc. 



Repair and Maintenance Expenses for the Upkeep of 
Buildings, Motor Vehicles, and Farm Equipment — Include the 
cost of repairs and upkeep of farm machinery, vehicles, buildings, 
fences, and other equipment used in the farm business. Do not 
include repairs to vehicles not used in the farm business or for 
equipment used only for performing customwork for others. Do 
not include expenditures for the construction of new buildings or 
the cost of additions to existing buildings. 



D-8 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Interest Expense Paid on Debts 

in 1 987 for the farm busines 
land and buildings (real estat 

Include interest paid on CCC loans. I 
with activities not related to produc 



feed I 



s land or buildings rented t< 
t provide services to others 
owner/operator dwelling where amount i 
other land and buildings on "this place." 



Report all interest expenses paic 



1 2a. Include all loans not 

feed, and seed in item 1 
nclude interest associati 
:rops or livestock on "ih 



packing sheds, oi 
ited from interest ( 



Cash Rent Paid for Land and Buildings In 1987 — Report rent paic 
in cash during 1 987 for land and buildings in "this place." Do not 
include rent paid for operator dwelling or other nonfarm property. Do 
not include the value of shares of crops or livestock paid to landlords. 




All Other Production Expenses — Farm production costs not 
previously listed should be reported here. In addition to items listed 
on the report form, include bookkeeping charges, tax preparation 
fees, postage, advertising, commission for sale of cattle, and fees 
paid for farm-related advice or for farm consultants. Do not include 
depreciation or expenditures for the purchase of land and buildings 
or new or used machinery. 



Section 2A - COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Report acres on which commercial fertilizer (items 1 and 2) or lime 
(item 3) was applied during 1 987. If any acreage was fertilized or 
limed more than once, report acres ONLY ONCE in each item. Report 
expense for commercial fertilizer purchased, excluding lime, in section 



► Section 26 - MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 

The estimated market value in item 1 refers to ALL machinery and 
equipment kept primarily on"this place" and used for the farm 
business. Report the value in its present condition, not the 
replacement or depreciated value. Specialized equipment, which 
is an integral part of a building, should be included as a part of the 
value of land and buildings. 



f the three listed categories should be your 
i of the land and buildings if they were sold I 
rhe real estate tax assessment value should 
lat value represents a full market value 
land and buildings could reasonably be 
It that price. Do not deduct real estate 
om your estimate. Report the total value. 



► Section 28 



Item 1 through 4 refer only to 
for which you use part of the I 
or capital normally used on "t 
consider as entirely separate i 
gross amounts received befor 



producing activities 
lery, equipment, labor, 
3nd which you do not 
rming activities. Report 



23, item ■ 



Item 1 - Customwork - Do i 


not report in 


come for ci 


jstomwork 


or agricultural services provided 


1 to others if 


operated a 


s an 


entirely separate business from 


your agricultural opera 


tions. 


Item 2 — Rental Income — Do not include 


, rental incc 


ime from 










Item 3 — Forest Products — 1 


nclude only 


those forest products 


or Christmas trees cut from "th 


is place,- nc 


)t items cul 


t from other 


nonfarm timber acreage. Do no1 


: include inc< 


3me from s 


aw mill 


business 










Include inc 


ome from 


hunting leases, fishing fees, anc 


i other recreational ser 


vices, sales 


of farm by-products, and other 




income do: 


5ely related 


to the agricultural operation on 


"this place.' 


• Include di 


Ividends for 


business done with farmer-own 


ed cooperat 


ives. Do nc 


It enter 


previously reported farm sales c 


>r income frc 


im investm 


ents not 


associated with the farm. Do nc 




:irement pe 




social security benefits received. 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-9 



'FEBRUABY1. 19B8 




. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



AS CENSUS 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Census File Number(s) 



'femfajm^ 



irposes. Your repon CANNOT be used !■ 



.S. Code). Bv the same law YOUR REPORT TO 
•V 3wom Census employees and may be u; 
poses of taxation, investigation, or regulati 
! from legal process. 






r Census Flla Numt>«r (CFN) 



, and ZIP Code. ENTER street and number rf not s 



^i^^Sliii.\mi - 



. wheat, or other grains? 



. At any time during 1 987, did you r 

• Cattle, hogs, sheep, orgeats? 

• Chickens or other poultry? 

• Bees? 



Horses or ponies? 
Fish in captivity? 
Other animal specialties? 

D No 



, go to SECTION 2. 
ytoSeCTIOBI 10. 



ACREAGE IN 1 987 Report land owned, rented, or used by you, 
your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization for 
which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, REGARDLESS OF 
LOCATION OR USE - cropland, pastureland, rangeland, 
woodland, idle land, house lots, etc. 



I land c 



. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land 
worked by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for 
services, payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, 
and railroad land. (DO NOT include land used on a per-head 
basis under a grazing permit.) □ 

. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS, including land worked on 
shares by others and land subleased. Also complete item 5 below. □ 

. Acres in "THIS PLACE" - ADD acres owned (item 1 ) 
and acres rented (item 21, then SUBTRACT acres rented 
TO OTHERS (item 3), and enter the result in this space >. 

If the entry is zero please refer to the Information Sheet, section 2. . 
. Of the land you rented or leased to others, how many None ^^^ 



M^miifliKSf LAND USE and IRRIGATION 

PART A - How were the ACRES in this place used In 1987 



2. Cropland on which all crops failed - lEx 



4. Cropland used only for pasture, woodland pastured, 

and other pastureland and rangeland '. . . □ 

5. All other woodland, wasteland, houselots, etc. not 
ems 1 through 4 above □ 



PART B - IRRIGATION 

. How many acres of harvested land were irrigated? / 



Number of acres 



PART A - CROPS HARVESTED from "THIS PLACE" In 1987. 



1. Hay crops - 

a. Alfalfa and alfalfa 


n 


b. Small grain hay . . 


D 


c.Wild hay 


u 


d.Otherhay- 


-a 


2.Corn for grain or seed 


□ 


3. Soybeans for beans . 


n 


4. Wheat for grain 


□ 


5. Tobacco — all types 


□ 



6. Potatoes, Irish —lOo 



harvested 


Quantity harvested 


Gross val 


eof 
Id 












00 


loe 






00 




drv 




00 


108 




Tons. 


S 


00 








00 








s 


00 






Bu. 


s 


00 




095 






00 


1 /10 


c„,. 


* 


00 



. All vegetables for sale None 


Total acres 


Dollars | Cents 


',?^H7Z"'usJ'r"'°" '"""".. . n 




s" 1 00 


S...if, f| 






-""■"" )l 


1 /10 



8. All fruit and nut orchards. 
vineyards, and berti es . . 



. n 



9. Other crops —Foradditio 



Report quanr/ty hanested 1 




rop name. 


. 


crop name ^ 


Code 


Acres 
harvested 


Quantity harvested 


Gross value of 


Dollars ] Cents 




















S 1 00 



Cod* 
. 07S 

I (bushels) 0B2 



• PART B - NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS GROWN FOR SALE 
on "THIS PLACE" in 1 987 

From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. 



Crop name 


.... 


Square toet 
under glass or 
other protection 


Acres in the open 
in 1987 




Sales in 


1.7 


Whole aces [Tenths 


Dollars | Cents] 








1 no 


5 




!oo 



Cropmima 

Bedding plan' 



Cods I Crop name Coda 

I . 479 Poued nowenng plants 710 

, . 485 I Foliage plants 707 

Greenhouse vegetables 503 

. . 488 I Other - Specify S06 

CONTINUE ON REVERSE SIDE ► 



PENALTY FOR FAiLURE TO REPORT 



D-10 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



^^•tfl^j^-^ 1 LIVESTOCK and POULTRY 
PART A - CATTLE and CALVES 



1 . CATTLE «nd CALVES of all ages 
a. BEEF COWS - include beet heiten 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31, 1987 





Gross valu 


ot sales 




Dolla.s 


jCenu 






1 00 



> CATTLE end CALVES SOLD 
FROM THIS PLACE IN 1987 

Include es sold cettle moved fror 
this place to a feedlot for further 
feeding. 

3. Calves less than 500 pounds 



4. Cattle - Include cslves 500 pounds on 

a. Of ALL canle sold, how many were 

FATTENED on this place on GRAIN c 

CONCENTRATES tor 30 days or more 




and SOLD for SLAUGHTER? D 



-Kjij.illC'I'i'Ky GOVERNMENT CCC LOANS 

Amount received in 1 987 from Government CCC loa ns. Include regular 
and reserve loans, even If redeemed c~ ' " 



PART B - HOGS and PIGS 



I INVENTORY 

Number on this 
None place Dec. 31, 1987 



. HOGS and PIGS of all ages 

a . HOGS and PIGS used or to bo used f 



. HOGS and PIGS SOLD from this ,_, 

place in 1987 D 

. Of the hogs and pigs sold, how many were 

sold as FEEDER PIGS for further feeding? . . LJ 



r feeding? . 



PART C - SHEEP and LAMBS 

SHEEP and LAMBS of all ages . 
a. EWES1 year old or older. . . . 
SHEEP and LAMBS SHORN 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31, 19E 



NUMBER SOLD 



1987 



n'l 



...r" =-i 



, What was the gross value of sales c 
SHEEP, LAMBS, and WOOL from tf 
place in 1987? 



Gross value of sales 



PART D - POULTRY 

, HENS and PULLETS '^°"° 

a . HENS and PULLETS of laying age □ 

b. PULLETS 3 months old or older not yet of 

laying age for layer replacement I — I 

c . PULLETS under 3 months old for layer 
replacement □ 



2. BROILERS, frvers, other r 

3. TURKEYS for slaughter (C 

4. OTHER POULTRY Xr,ter 



L-type chickens . 



INVENTORY 

Number on 

this place 

Dec. 31, 1987 



(or bre< 



Pheasants . 



• PART E - HORSES. OTHER LIVESTOCK, AniMAL SPECIALTIES, and FISH 



.n 



2 . Colonies of bees . . □ 

3. Milk goats D 



4. Angora goats .... I 

5 . Other livestock, fish, 
animal products. 



1 . Amount received in cash 

2 . Value of cetlificates received — payment-in-kind 
(PIK) or commodity certificates 



^ I Acres In this pjsco SET ASIDE, DrVERTED, or IDLED under 
FEDERAL acreago roductlon programo In 1 987 



1 . How many acres were set aside lor diverted) under 
ANNUAL commodity acreage adjustment programs? ... I_l 

2 . How many acres were under the CONSERVATION 
RESERVE PROGRAM 110 year. CRPl? . I— I 



1. RESIDENCE 



place? ' □ ■ 



2 . PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which 
occupation did the operator spend the 
majority (50 percent or mora) of his/her 

worktlme In \^Q11 For partnerships consider 
together. ...... 



3 . OFF-FARM WORK - How many days did the 
operator work at least 4 hours per day oH this 
place in 1 987? —Include work at a nonferm job, 
s farm for pay. (Do not 



5. AGE of operator 



8. RACE of operator 



iD Farming 2 D Other 
or ranching 

' 1 D None 

zD 1-49 days 

aD 50-99 days 
I aD 100-149 days 

sD 150-199 days 
leD 200 days or more 



7. SEX of operator 

3 . SPANISH ORIGIN - Is the operator of Spanis 
origin or descent (Mexican, Puerto Rican. 



' , D White 
id Negro or Black 
sD American Indian 
«□ Asian or Pacific 

1 9 □ Other — Specify, 



iD Male jD Female 



other Spanish)?. 



,□■ 



1 1987? '...'. n 



[.finfH<f.mu» f PERrON COMPLETINGTHIS REPORy^^P/^aa pr/nt 



T^TTTT. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-11 



T987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICUUTURE 



Special Reporting Instructions 

1 . Who Should Report 

WE NEFD A REPLY FROM EVERYONE RECEIVING A REPORT FORM. 
INCLUDING individuals, landlords, tenants, partnerships, 
corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING 
AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each case included in the census has 
a unique Census File Number ICFNI. In order to make the census 
results as complete and accurate as possible, we need to obtain 
information about every CFN. 

2. If You Received IVIore Than One Report Form for en Operation 

Complete only ONE report form foi 



COMPLETED REPORT i 

3. If You No Longer Fs 

If you had agr 
census fori 



Explain on the 



' Farmed or Have No Association With Agriculture 

te on the report form near. the address label explaining 



— All Land 0»vned — Repo 



n 1 987 wh 
Dwned by y 



tern 2 — All Lend Rented 
INCLUDE in item 2: 

b. Land you worked on i 

c. Land owned by some' 

d. Federal, State. Indian 

DO NOT INCLUDE in iterr 



tem 3 — All Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS — Include : 
» items 1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from each of you 

INCLUDE in item 3; 



B. If You Have IVIore Than One Agricultural Operation 



SEPARATE 1 



^ You Have a Partnership Operation 



HIS PLACE- 



.ultry on "THIS 



land rented 



(provide name and CFN < 
7. Landlord's or Contr 



had a contract for th 

.duction. sales, and e 
Me for THIS PLACE. 



> USE AND IRRIGATION 



IIS PLACE" reporte 



categories shou 



IIS PLACE 
. — Do not 



BEST ESTIM/ 



S. How to Ente 



Double Cropping ■ 



REQUIRE 

Enter wh 



Interplanted Cr 



•-Cropla 



13 land watered by or 



Instructions For Specified Sections 

Section 2 — ACREAGE ItM 1987 



"THIS PLACE") referred to in the rest of 
When ans\A/ering the acreage questions, in 

Report all land \r\ section 2 in whole acres. 



I the land <Acres in 



^ Section 4 — CROPS 

This section provides space f 
(Acres in "THIS PLACE") of ■ 



and the value 



D-12 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INCLUDE: 



1 TO OTHERS, 



fractions to whole acr« 
Quantity Harvested 



I Custom Feeding Operattona — Livestock or pc 
lis report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP Report ; 



Gross Value of Crops Sold — Report the value of all crops sold from 
"THIS PLACE" in 1987. regardless of the y^ar they were harvested or 

expenses and taxes. Include Government CCC loans received for 
"THIS PLACE* in 1987. Include payments received tn 1987 from 
cooperatives or marketinq organizations for crops produced on "THIS 
PLACE." 



Ite 



7 — Vegetable 



SALE 
home 

Item S — Fruit Orchards, Citrus, Vineyards, and Nut Trees 



of vegetables harvested FOR 
t include vegetables grown fo 



sing and labor 



If you owned BEES — 1 



Other Livesi 

animal produ 



I Livestock 



rdless of who owned 1 



— Include in all other 



Fish and Other Aquaculture Products — Rep 



jse the "OTHER" code and i 



Item 1 — Report the ; 



Do not include CCC loan 



I the reserve progra 



person who had control of the animals. 

Animals and Poultry to Exclude frort» the Report — Do t 

animals or poultry kept on land rented to others or kept und 
arrangement on land rented to others. Do not include animE 
quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "this place " ^ 



Animals Bought and Sold — DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD \A/ITHIN 30 DAYS Such purchases 



Section 7 — FEDERAL PAYMEniTS RECEIVED 

Report all payments received from Federal Farm Pro( 



Number Sold — Report 
"this place" in 1987 



For Family or Individual Operation — Complete this sectioi 



For Partnership Operations — Answc 
The "Senior Partner " The "Senior Parti 






t Cattle Sold — Ca 



DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 

a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

b- Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sole 

c Veal calves, or any calves weighing less than 500 pounds 



Year Began Opera 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-13 



INDEX 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



State 
tables 



Abnormal farms 

Acreage reduction 

program 

Age of operator 

Agricultural products sold, 

market value 

Agricultural services 

income 

Alfalfa hay 

Alfalfa seed 

Almonds 

American Indian 

operator 

Angora goats 

Apples 

Apricots 

Aquacultural products . . 

Artichokes 

Asian or Pacific Islander 

operator 

Asparagus 

Assets, value 

Austrian winter peas .... 
Avocados 



Bahia grass seed 

Balers, pickup 

Bananas 

Barley for grain 

Barley for grain sales, 

value 

Beans, dry edible 

Beans, dry lima 

Beans, green lima 

Beans, snap (bush and 

pole) 

Beans, soybeans 

Bedding plants 

Beef cows 

Bees, colonies 

Beets, sugar 

Beets, table 

Bentgrass seed 

Bermuda grass seed. . . . 

Berries 

Birdsfoot trefoil seed . . . 

Blackberries 

Black operators and other 

races 

Blueberries 



1,2,10, 



7,10,48-53 


5 


1,16,48-53 


1,10,16 


18,47,48-53 


1,2,16 


5,48-53 


4 


43,44,48-53 


26 


43,44 


26 


45,48-53 


28 


17 


34 


41 


18 


45,48-53 


28 


42 


28 


41 


21 


_ 


27 



17 



1,10-12,18, 
47,48-53 



45 



13,48-53 

45 

1,42-44,48-53 



44,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

46 

1,20,25,29,48-53 

41 

42-44,48-53 



42,44,48-53 



16,17,48-53 
44 



34 

27 

1,5,8,16 

26 
28 



26 

8 

28 

1,15,16,24 



2,48-53 


2,16 


42-44,48-53 


15,16,25 


- 


25 


- 


27 



27 

1,15,16,25 

30 

1,11,16 

20 

1,15,16,25 

27 

26 

26 

29 

26 

29 

32-34 
29 



B— Con. 

Bluegrass seed, 

Kentucky 

Boysenberries 

Breeding hogs and 

pigs 

Broccoli 

Broilers 

Bromegrass seed 

Brussels sprouts 

Buckwheat 

Bulbs 

Bulls, bull calves, steers, 

and steer calves 

Burros, donkeys, and 

mules 

C 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 

Carrots 

Cash, government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Cash rent, expenses.... 

Cash rent or share 
payments received, 
farm-related income . . . 

Catfish sales 

Cattle and calves 

Cattle and calves sales, 
value 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Certificates, govern- 
ment farm programs 
payments 

Chemicals, expenses . . . 

Chemicals used 

Cherries 

Chickens 3 months old 
or older 

Chicory 

Chinese cabbage 

Chinese or ming peas . . 

Christmas trees and 
forest products sales, 
farm-related income... 

Citrus fruit 

Clover seed 

Coffee 

Collards 

Colonies of bees 

Combines, grain and 
bean, all types 



44 

32,48-53 
1,20-22,48-53 

46 

20,25,48-53 

41 



3,10,48-53 



5,48-53 

1,10,20,25,27,47, 

48-53 

2,20,26,31,47, 

48-53 



1,3,10,15,47,48-53 
15,48-53 
45,48-53 

1,20,21,23,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



5,48-53 


4 


45,48-53 


28 


- 


26 


45 


28 


- 


27 


41 


20 


13,48-53 


16 




INDEX 1 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



State 
tables 



C— Con. 

Commercially mixed for- 
mula feed purchased . , 

Commodity Credit 
Corporation loans 

Conservation reserve 
programs 

Contract labor expenses 

Corn, field 



Corn for grain sales, 
value 

Corn, sweet 

Corn, sweet, for seed.. 

Corporation, family 
held 

Corporation, nonfamily 
held 

Corporation, type of 
organization 

Cotton 

Cotton sales, value 

Cottonpickers and 
strippers 

Cowpeas for dry peas . . 

Cowpeas, green 

Cows and heifers that 
had calved 

Cranberries 

Cropland diverted, set 
aside 

Cropland for cover crops, 
legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses. . 

Cropland harvested 



Cropland harvested, 
irrigated 

Cropland idle 

Cropland in cultivated 
summer fallow 

Cropland on which all 
crops failed 

Cropland pastured 

Cropland total 

Crops, farms reporting, 
acres, production 

Cucumbers 

Currants 

Customwork, machine 
hire, and rental of 
machinery and equip- 
ment, expenses 

Customwork and other 
agricultural services, 
farm-related income ... 



1,3,48-53 

6,10,48-53 

7,10,48-53 

3,10,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 



2,48-53 
44,48-53 



16,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

1,42,44,47,48-53 

2,47,48-53 



13,48-53 



20,25,48-53 
44 



7,10,48-53 



7,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,42, 

47,48-53 

8-10 
7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

1,7,10,47,48-53 

42 
44 



3,10,48-53 
5,48-53 



3,16 



5 

3,16 

,15,16, 

24,31 

2,16 
27 
31 

10,16 

10,16 



1,15,16,25 
2,16 

8 
25 
27 



Daikon 

Dairy cows (milk cows) . 

Dairy products sales, 

value 

Dates 

Dewberries 

Diesel fuel expenses . . . 

Dill for oil 

Disease control in 

crops and orchards. . . . 
Donkeys, burros, and 

mules 

Ducks 

Ducks, geese, and other 

poultry 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 
48-53 



2,47,48-53 
14,48-53 



15,48-53 
41 



11,16 
29 



5 

1,3,5,6, 

10,15,16 



Eggplant 

Electhcity expenses. 
Emmer and spelt.... 

Endive 

Equipment and 

machinery 

Escarole 

Ewes 1 year old or 

older 

Expenses, farm 

production 



5 

5 

1,5,16 

15,16 
27 
29 



Family held 

corporations 

Family or individual, 

type of organization . . . 
Farm-related income. . . . 
Farms by age and 

principal occupation 

of operator 

Farms by size of farm . . 
Farms by standard 

ndustrial classification 
Farms by tenure of 

operator 

Farms by type of 

organization 

Farms by value of 

agricultural products 

sold 

Farms, number 



Fattened cattle sales 
Feed purchased 



1,10,12,18,47,48-53 



38 
1,3,10,47,48-53 



48-53 



1,16,48-53 
5,48-53 



16,48-53 
8,47,48-53 

18,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

26,29,31,48-53 

1,3,47,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



State 
tables 



F— Con. 

Feeder pigs sales 

Female operators 

Fertilizer applied 

Fertilizer expenses 

Fescue seed 

Field seed crops 

Figs 

Filberts 

Fish sales 

Flaxseed 

Florist greens and 

flowers, cut 

Flower and vegetable 

seeds 

Flowering plants, 

potted 

Flowers and florist 

greens, cut 

Foliage plants 

Forest products and 

Christmas trees sales, 

farm-related income . . . 

Foxtail millet seed 

Fruit crops 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

sales, value 

Fuel oil, kerosene, motor 

oil, grease, LP gas, etc., 

expenses 

Full owners 

G 

Garlic 

Gas, natural, expenses . 

Gasoline and other 
petroleum fuel and oil 
expenses 

Gasoline expenses 

Geese 

Geese, ducks, and 

other poultry 

Ginger root 

Goat milk sales 

Goats 

Goats, Angora 

Goats, milk 

Goats, other 

Government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Grain hay 

Grain sales, value 

Grains 

Grapefruit 



20,33,35-37,48-53 

16,17,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,10,15,47,48-53 

44 

44,48-53 

45 

41 

42,44,48-53 

46 

46 

46 

46 
46 



5,48-53 

45 

2,47,48-53 



14,48-53 
16,48-53 



14,48-53 
14,48-53 



41 

41 
41,48-53 
41 
41 
41 

5,10,47,48-53 

43,44 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

45 



12 
10 
9 
3,16 
26 
26 
28 
28 
21 
24 

30 

30 

30 

30 
30 



26 
15,16,28 



3,16 

3 

22 

14,22 
31 
17 
23 
23 
17 
23 

4 

26 

2,16 

16 

28 



G— Con. 

Grapes 

Grass silage, haylage, 
and green chop hay . . . 

Grazing permits 

Grease, LP gas, fuel 
oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
etc., expenses 

Greenhouse crops 

Greenhouse vegetables 

Guar 

Guavas 

H 

Hatcheries 

Hay crops 

Hay, silage, and field 

seeds sales, value 

Haylage, grass silage, and 

green chop hay 

Hazelnuts 

Heifers and heifer 

calves 

Hens and pullets of 

laying age 

Herbs 

Hired farm labor 

expenses 

Hogs and pigs 

Hogs and pigs sales, 

value 

Hogs, litters farrowed... 

Honey sales 

Honey tangerines 

Honeydew melons 

Hops 

Horses and ponies 

I 

Income from farm-related 

sources 

Income, see net cash 

return 

Individual or family, type 

of organization 

Insects, chemical 

control 

Interest, debt not secured 

by real estate 

Interest, debt secured 

by real estate 

Interest expenses 



45,48-53 
43,44 



14,48-53 

42,46 

46 



45 



1,42-44,48-53 
2,47,48-53 



43,44 
45 



20,25,48-53 
20,21,48-53 



3,10,47,48-53 

1,10,20,32,35,47, 

48-53 

2,20,33,36,47,48-53 

34,37,48-53 

41 



44 
20,41,48-53 



5,48-53 

4,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,48-53 

3,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



I— Con. 



Insh potatoes 

Irrigated farms and 
acres 



Jojoba 



Kale 

Kentucky bluegrass 
seed 

Kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, LP gas, fuel oil, 
etc., expenses 

Kiwifruit 

Kumquats 



Labor expenses.... 
Land and buildings, 

value 

Land in farms 



Land owned 

Land rented from others 
Land rented to others . . 
Land set aside in federal 

farm programs 

Land use 

Lemons 

Lentils 

Lespedeza seed 

Lettuce and romaine. . . . 

Lima beans, dry 

Lima beans, green 

Lime applied 

Limes 

Litters farrowed 

Livestock and livestock 

products sold 

Livestock and poultry... 
Livestock and poultry 

purchased 

Livestock, poultry, and 

their products sales, 

value 

Loans, Commodity Credit 

Corporation 

Loganberries 

Lotus root 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

motor oil, grease, etc., 

expenses 



1,42-44,48-53 
1,8-10 



14,48-53 



1,3,10,47,48-53 

1,2,10,18,20,47 
6,10,48-53 



14,48-53 



1,15,16,25 
1,7 



27 



M 



Macadamia nuts 

Machine hire, rental 
of machinery and equip- 
ment, and customwork 
expenses 

Machinery and 
equipment 

Male operators 

Mangoes 

Melons 

Milk cows (dairy cows) . 



1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


1,10,11,47,48-53 


5,16 


1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 


1,5,10,16 


48-53 




10,48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


7,10,48-53 


1 


7,8,10,47,48-53 


5 


45 


28 


44 


25 


- 


26 


44 


27 


- 


25 


- 


27 


15,48-53 


9 


- 


28 


34,37,48-53 


12 


20 


_ 


20 


1,16 



Milk goats 

Millet, proso 

Millet seed, foxtail 

Mink and their pelts.... 

Mint for oil 

Mohair sales 

Motor oil, grease, LP 

gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

etc., expenses 

Motortrucks, including 

pickups 

Mower conditioners 

Mules, burros, and 

donkeys 

Mungbeans for beans ., 

Mushrooms 

Mustard cabbage 

Mustard greens 

Mustard seed 



Natural gas expenses 

Nectarines 

Nematode control in 

crops 

Net cash return from 

agricultural sales 

Nonfamily held 

corporations 

Number of farms 



1,2,16 

4 
29 
31 



Nursery and greenhouse 
crops 

Nursery and greenhouse 
crops sales, value.... 

Nursery crops-shrubs, 
trees, etc 



Oat sales, value 

Oats for grain 

Occupation of operator. 



45 



3,10,48-53 



1,10,12,18,47,48-53 
16,17,48-53 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 

48-53 

41 

44 



13,48-53 
13,48-53 



14,48-53 

15,48-53 

4,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

42,46 

2,42,46,47,48-53 

46 



2,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



State 
tables 



O— Con. 

Off-farm work by 
operator 

Okra 

Olives 

Onions, dry and green.. 

Operator characteristics- 
residence, age, race, 
occupation, off-farm 
work, sex, Spanish 
origin, years on 
present farm 

Oranges 

Orchardgrass seed 

Orchards 

Organization of farm .... 

Other farm production 
expenses 

Other field crops sales, 
value 

Other grains sales, value 

Other livestock and live- 
stock products sales, 
value 

Other poultry 

Owned land 

P 

Papayas 

Parsley 

Part owners 

Partnership, type of 

organization 

Passion fruit 

Pastureland and grazing 

land 

Pastureland and other 

land irrigated 

Payroll expenses 

Peaches 

Peanuts for nuts 

Pears 

Peas, Austrian winter . . . 
Peas, Chinese or ming . 

Peas, dry edible 

Peas, green 

Pecans 

Peppers 

Persimmons 

Petroleum products 

expenses 

Pheasants 

Pickup balers 

Pigeons or squab 



1,16,48-53 
44 



2,47,48-53 
10,48-53 



45 
16,48-53 



3,10,14.48-53 
13,48-53 



1,10,16 
27 
28 
27 



16,17,48-53 


10,16 


45 


28 


_ 


26 


,42-44,48-53 


1,15,16,28 


1,16,48-53 


10,16 


5,48-53 


3,16 


2,48-53 


2,16 


2,48-53 


2,16 



2,16 
22 



28 

27 

10,16 



1,16,48-53 


10,16 


- 


28 


7,48-53 


5 


9 


7 


,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


45,48-53 


28 


42-44,48-53 


1,15,16,25 


45 


28 


_ 


26 


- 


27 


44 


25 


44,48-53 


27 


45,48-53 


28, 


- 


27 


- 


28 



3,16 

22 

8 

22 



P— Con. 

Pimientos 

Pineapples 

Pistachios 

Plums 

Pomegranates 

Ponies and horses.... 

Popcorn 

Potatoes, Irish 

Potatoes, sweet 

Poultry and poultry 

products sales, value 

Poultry hatched 

Principal occupation 

of operator 

Production expenses . 
Property taxes, 

expenses 

Proso millet 

Prunes 

Pullets 

Pumpkins 

Q 

Ouail 



Rabbits and their pelts . 

Race of operator 

Radishes 

Rangeland 

Rapeseed 

Raspberries 

Redtop seed 

Rent paid in cash, 
expenses 

Rent received, farm- 
related income 

Repair and maintenance 
expenses 

Residence of operator. . 

Rhubarb 

Rice 

Romaine and lettuce . . . 

Rye for grain 

Ryegrass seed 

S 

Safflower 

Sales of agricultural 
products 



1,42,44,48-53 

,45 

20,41,48-53 

44 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

42,44,48-53 

2,20,48-53 



1,16,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 



3,10,^ 



3, 
1,42- 



41 
16,48-53 



7,48-53 
44 



,10,48-53 

5,48-53 

10,48-53 
16,48-53 

44,48-53 

44 

42,44 

44 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 5 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06313 548 5 INDEX— Cofl. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



S— Con. 

Salt hay 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and 

trees purchased 

Set aside programs, 

acreage 

Sex of operator 

Shallots 

Sheep and lambs 

Sheep and lambs shorn 
Sheep, lambs, and wool 

sales, value 

Size of farm, average. . . 

Small grain hay 

Snap beans, bush and 

pole 

Sod 

Sorghum 

Sorghum for grain sales, 

value 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), dry 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), green 

Soybeans 

Soybeans sales, value.. 
Spanish origin, 

operators of 

Spelt and emmer 

Spinach 

Squash 

Standard industrial 

classification of farms . 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, 

and bull calves 

Strawberries 

Sudangrass seed 

Sugar beets 

Sugarcane 

Sunflower seed 

Sweet corn 

Sweet corn for seed .... 
Sweet potatoes 

T 

Tame dry hay 

Tangelos 

Tangerines 

Taro 

Taxes, property, 

expenses 

Tenant operated farms . 



3,10,48-53 



7,10,48-53 
16,17,48-53 



10,20,38,39,48-53 
38,48-53 



2,48-53 



1 ,42-44,48-53 
2,48-53 



16,17,48-53 



18,48-53 

20,25;48-53 
43,44 

42-44,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

1,42,44,48-53 

44,48-53 

42,44,48-53 



43,44 



5,48-53 
16,48-53 



31 

3 

5 

10 

27 

,13,16 

13 



,20,38,47,48-53 


2,13,16 


1,48-53 


1,16 


43,44 


26 


44,48-53 


27 


46 


30 


1,42-44,48-53 


1,15,16,24 




26,31 



2,16 

25 

27 

1,15,16,25 

2,16 

35 
24 
27 
27 

2,16 

11,16 

29 

26 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,24 

27 

31 

25 



16,26 
28 
28 
31 



3 
10,16 



T— Con. 

Tenure of operator 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco 

Tobacco sales, value . . . 

Tomatoes 

Tractors, wheel 

Triticale 

Trout sales 

Trucks, including 

pickups 

Turkeys 

Turnip greens 

Turnips 

Type of farm 

Type of organization . . . . 

V 

Value of agricultural 

products sold 

Value of land and 

buildings 

Value of machinery 

and equipment 

Vegetable and flower 

seeds 

Vegetables, greenhouse 
Vegetables harvested for 

sale 

Vegetables, sweet corn, 

and melons sales, value 
Vetch seed 

W 

Walnuts, English 

Watercress 

Watermelons 

Weeds, chemical 

control 

Wheat for grain 

Wheat sales, value 

Wheatgrass seed 

Wheel tractors 

Wild hay 

Wild rice 

Woodland 

Wool, pounds shorn .... 
Work off-farm by 

operator 

Y 

Years on present farm. . 



16,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

13,48-53 



13,48-53 
20,21,24,48-53 



18,48-53 
1,16,48-53 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

1,10,18,48-53 

1,10,12,18,47,48-53 

46 
46 

1,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

45,48-53 

44 

15,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

2,48-53 

13,48-53 
43,44 

1,7,48-53 
38,48-53 

1,16,48-53 
47,48-53 



-d US GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 19 



2 1* 2- 3 3' 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



PUBLICATION PROGRAM 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Results of the 1987 Census of Agriculture are being published 
in a series of reports which provide data for each county (or 
equivalent), each State, the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, 
the Virgin Islands of the United States, Annerican Samoa, and the 
Northern Mariana Islands. The publications include statistics on 
the number of farms; land in farms; farm and operator character- 
istics; livestock, poultry, and their products; crop production and 
value; operating expenditures; irrigation; and other characteris- 
tics of farms. 

Publication order forms may be obtained from Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233, any U.S. Department of Commerce 
district office, or by calling (301) 763-1113. 

ADVANCE REPORTS (AC87-A-01 -000(A) TO 56-000(A) 

Advance Reports are published separately for each county (or 
equivalent) in the United States with 10 farms or more, for each 
State, and the United States. The reports contain data for all 
agricultural operations with $1,000 or more in actual or potential 
sales of agricultural products in the census year. The Advance 
Reports contain final data for major data items together with 
comparable data from the 1982 census. Included in the reports 
are data on number of farms, land in farms, size of farms, land 
use practices, farm operator characteristics, sales expenditures, 
machinery and equipment, livestock, poultry, dairy products sold, 
and major crops harvested (which vary by State). No advance 
reports are available for Puerto Rico, Guam, or the U.S. Virgin 
Islands. 

VOLUME 1. GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 
(AC87-A-1 TO 56) 

State and County Data (A-1 to 50) are published showing 
detailed data in national and State tables for the United States, 
and in county and State tables separately for each State. These 
reports include data on number and size of farms; crop produc- 
tion; livestock, poultry, and their products; tenure, age, and 
occupation of operators; types of organization; value of products 
sold; and standard industrial classification of farms. 

Summary and State Data (A-51) 

• Chapter 1. National level data 

• Chapter 2. State level data 

Outlying Areas (A-52 to 56) provide detailed data for the 
regions and municipios of Puerto Rico; the election districts of 
Guam; the U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa; and Northern 
Mariana Islands. 

VOLUME 2. SUBJECT SERIES (AC87-S-1 TO 6) 

Agricultural Atlas of the United States (AC87-S-1), formerly 
the Graphic Summary, presents a profile of the Nation's agricul- 
ture in a series of dot and multicolor pattern maps. The maps 
provide displays on size and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, 
market value of products sold, crops harvested, livestock inven- 
tories, and other characteristics of farms. 

Coverage Evaluation (AC87-S-2) provides national and regional 
level estimates on the completeness of the census, in terms of 
both the number of farms missed and selected characteristics of 
those farms. 

Ranking of States and Counties (AC87-S-3) presents the 
ranking of the top 20 States and the top 100 counties of 
importance of selected items from the 1987 census. Comparative 
data from the 1982 census are included in most tables. Tables 
also show cumulative totals for States and counties. 



History (AC87-S-4) is a concise description of the major 
census operations together with facsimiles of selected data 
tables. It explains the history of the agriculture census, farm 
definition, data collection and processing, and dissemination of 
census data. 

Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural 
Products Sold (AC87-S-5) shows detailed data for farms cross- 
tabulated by combined market value of agricultural products sold 
and Government payments received, including detailed national 
data and selected data for each State. 

ZIP Code Tabulations of Selected Items From the 1987 
Census of Agriculture (AC87-S-6) provides tabulations by five- 
digit ZIP Code for selected items from the 1987 census. Data 
items include number of farms, land in farms, farms by size, 
market value of agricultural products sold by size of sale, 
livestock inventory, cropland harvested, and selected crops. 

VOLUME 3. RELATED SURVEYS (AC87-RS-1 AND 2) 

The Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey (AC87-RS-1) pro- 
vides statistical data collected from a sample of farm operations 
from the 1987 Census of Agriculture. The publication offers 
information on acres irrigated, land use, yields of specified crops, 
methods of water distribution, quantity of water used by its 
source, and other irrigation practices. 

Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey (AC87- 
RS-2) provides data on indebtedness, expenditures, income and 
assets for both farm operators and landlords. This report also 
includes measures of credit used for purchases and expendi- 
tures, debt by type of lender, assets, off-farm income, and other 
land ownership data. 

VOLUME 4. CENSUS OF HORTICULTURAL 
SPECIALTIES (AC87-HOR-1) 

This report includes detailed information on the horticultural 
establishments with production and sales of $2,000 or more. It 
provides data on number of establishments, value of sales of 
horticultural products, type of horticultural products, and kinds of 
horticultural businesses, for the United States, States, and 
counties. 

ELECTRONIC MEDIA 

Flexible Diskette— The Advance Reports of the 1 987 Census 
of Agriculture are available on flexible diskettes. The files can be 
used with any compatible microcomputer employing the PC-DOS 
2.0 or higher operating system. Diskettes can be obtained by 
calling (301) 763-4100. 

Computer Tapes — Public-use computer tapes contain the 
same summary statistics that are found in the published reports. 
Two files are available for each State: data for counties and the 
aggregated State-level data. Order forms may be obtained from 
the Data User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of 
the Census, Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM)— Data for the 
conterminous United States and Puerto Rico are available on 
CD-ROM. The CD-ROM can be obtained from the Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Online Access— National and State level data from the 1 987 
Census of Agriculture are available on CENDATA through two 
information vendors— CompuServe and DIALOG. In addition, the 
advance reports, highlights of the Subject Series, and Related 
Surveys reports, are available online from AGRIDATA. For infor- 
mation on these services call (301) 763-4100.