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Full text of "1987 census of agriculture"

1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 



AC87-A-19 




Volume 1 

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 




Part 19 

Maine 

state and County Data 


University of West Florida 

RECEIVED 

MAY 1 5 1989 

Library Documents Dept. 




DOCUMENTS DEPT. 103A 




89 2 66 



l^\ 



SEP 7 2005 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

GOVERNMENT DOCUMEWTS DEPARTMEMT 




U.S. Department of Commerce 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 



This report was prepared in the Agriculture Division. Many 
other divisions contributed to this preparation: Data Preparation 
performed the clerical processing; Administrative Services pro- 
vided the forms design and other administrative services; Publi- 
cations Services contributed In publication planning and design, 
editorial review, composition, and printing procurement; Com- 
puter Services provided the computer processing facilities; Field 
provided selected data collection activities; Economic Program- 
ming prepared the computer programs; and Economic Surveys 
assisted in preparation of data collection and processing proce- 
dures and computer programs. 

Members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agriculture 
Statistics and representatives of both public and private 



organizations made significant recommendations which helped 
establish data content. 

Members of various agencies of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture provided valuable advice in the planning, publicizing, 
and processing phases of the census, and In helping farmers and 
ranchers complete the report forms. 

The press, farm magazines, radio and television stations, and 
farm organizations were most helpful In publicizing the census 
and encouraging cooperation of farm and ranch operators. 

Special tribute is paid to the millions of farm and ranch 
operators who furnished the information requested. Only through 
their cooperation was It possible to collect and publish the data in 
this report. 



If you have any questions concerning the statistics in this report, call: 

(301) 763-8555 Division Chief 

(301) 763-8567 Crops Branch 

(301) 763-8569 Livestock Branch 

(301) 763-8566 Farm Economics Branch 

(301) 763-1113 General Information 
(301) 763-8558 Statistical Methodology 




VOLUME 1 

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 



1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 

AC87-A-19 
Changed November 1989 



CHANGE SHEET 
Maine 

Following are changes to the 1987 Census of Agriculture volume 1 publications: 



Table 17 Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, 
and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 





Female operators 


Operators ol 
Spanish origin' 


Farms operated by Black and other races 


Characietisiics 


BlacK 


American Indian 


Asian 


Other 


1987 OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by days of work off farm 

Any 

100 10 199 days 


a.. 




; 


6 







I reporting Spanish origin 



University of West Florida 

JUN 1 2 1990 

Library Docuinciits Dept. 



DOCUMENTS DEPT. 103A 

90 326 






U.S. Departnnent of Commerce 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Table 18 Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductorv 


text] 












Value ol selected capital 
' (dollars) 


SIC code 


assets', average per farm 
(dollars) 




Land and 


equipment 


Land and 
buildings 


Machinery and 
equipment 




196 423 
205 491 

188 400 
207 271 
195 750 

220 296 
178 675 

193 736 

211 092 

297 141 
235 943 

186 799 


40 505 
35 658 

33 592 
54 986 

96 437 

31 256 

25 742 

26 551 
26 551 




170 362 
227 194 

187 883 
173 046 
195 615 

306 487 

332 954 
180 319 

"'1 

130 308 

121 705 
239 250 

188 828 

246 783 


11 709 


h r ins (0111 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties 

(021)... 

Beet cattle leedlols (0211) 


35 833 






Rice (0112) 

Com (0115) 

Soybeans (0116) .- 


19 125 

20 350 












Field crops, except cash grains (013) 






General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 








Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) - 

Irish potatoes (0134) _ — . 


Dairy farms (024).... 


64 826 






Vegetables and melons (016) - 


Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251) 


39 605 
71 855 






(D) 




Poultry hatcheries (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, nee (0259) 


(D) 


GfapfesToi72) ::::;:::::::::: 




Tree nuts (0173) 

Citrus Iruits (0174) 

Deciduous tree Iruits (0175) --- 

Fruitsandtreenuts, nee (0179).- 


23 133 






Horses and other equines (0272) 

Animal aquaculture (0273) 

Animal specialties, n e c (0279) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 


14 477 
16 750 
76 828 


Ornamental floriculture and nursery products (0181)... 
P 9 









Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and sy 


mbols, see intro 


uctory text] 






















All farms 


Farms with sales 


of $10,000 or more 




Total 


Full owners 


Pan owners 


Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


farms.. 


190 
8 355 491 


4 42 


150 
062 


37 
3 786 170 


3 


8 300 720 


4 366 365 


(0) 


2 

(D) 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlro 


uctory text] 




















Total 


or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


other than family held 


Other- 
cooperative. 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 
stock, 
holders 


estate or 
trust. 

etc! 


POULTRY 


190 
8 355 491 


4 370 740 


8 
(D) 


12 
3 771 844 


10 
(D) 


.,.;! 


(o1 


(D) 






(D) 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and syn 


bols, see intro 


uctory text] 






















Total farming 
occupations 


Farming 


Item 


Total 


Age ol operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 


34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


POULTRY 


190 
8 355 491 


7 969 947 


(D) 




16 
(D) 


4 167 354 


34 

774 437 


39 

1 819 568 






number.. 


505 536 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Other occupations 


Item 


Total 


Age of operator (years) 




under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


POULTRY 


385 544 




30 337 


80 184 


71 ol? 


9 






75 118 



Table 51 Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 



Hem 


Total 


acres 


10 to 49 


^° 3°,|s 


70 to 99 


100 to 139 


POULTRY 




8 355 491 


30 
737 749 


1 149 305 


218 976 


20 
259 302 








552 693 


Item 


acres 


180 to 219 
acres 


220 to 259 
acres 


260 to 499 
acres 


500 to 999 
acres 


1.000 to 1.999 


2.000 acres or 


POULTRY 


157 585 


,96 2J§ 


216 sll 




5 
(D) 






number.. 




660 265 


(D) 


(D) 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 









S500.000 or more 
















Item 


$1,000,000 


Total 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


POULTRY 




8 355i^? 


4 556 37^ 


19 


32 
1 059 252 


1 575 246 


363 125 




number.. 


124 000 


Item 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


''i°Ul 


Less than 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


farms.. 

number.. 


(D) 


(D) 


9 
33 186 


10 
40 907 


13 081 


.11 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 




Item 


Total 


?oT3°ll 


Vl32) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes. 

except cash 

%T3l:o,|4. 


Fruits and 
(Ol'7) 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold farms.. 


8 355 491 




298 




- 


298 


73 


(D) 




Homcullural 

specialties 

(018) 


General farms. 

pnmanly crop 

(019) 


Livestock, except daiiv, poultry, 
(021) 


Dairy farms 
(024) 


Poultry 


specialties 
(027) 


General farms. 




Total 


Beef cattle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 


livestock 
and animal 


POULTRY 


(D) 


40 24^ 


20 
445 


3 


5 
4 023 


132 
8 296 544 


: 




number.. 


13 800 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



U.S. Department of Commerce 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Washington, D.C. 20233 

Official Business 

Penalty for Private Use, S300 




COM 202 
First Class Mail 



Following are changes to appendix C: 

Table B. Reliability Estimates for 

Number of Farms in a County 
Reporting a Complete Count 
Item: 1987 



Farms 


Relalive standard 


Number ol 1 


rms reporting 


68 



















































Reliability Estimates for 
Number of Farms in a County 
Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Farms 


Relative standa 

error ol estima 

(percen 


d 
t) 


Number of farms reporting 


























300 


















1 5 




(NAI 









Complete count items i 



Table G. New England States Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the Mail List: 



1987 



I estimates and relatiy 



States Corrected i 




iiiil 1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 

AC87-A-19 

Volume 1 
GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 

Part 19 

Maine 

state and County Data 



Issued April 1989 



U.S. Department of Commerce 
Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

C. L. Kincannon, Deputy Director 



Charles A. Waite, Associate Director for 

Economic Programs 

Roger H. Bugenhagen, Assistant Director for 

Economic and Agriculture Censuses 

Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Chief, 
Economic Census Staff 

AGRICULTURE DIVISION 
Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Census of agriculture (1987). Geographic area series. 
1987 census of agriculture. Geographic area series. 

Includes indexes. 

Supt. of Docs, no.: C 3.31/4:987/v.1 

1. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United States- 
Statistics. 2. Agriculture— Economic aspects— United 
States— States— Statistics. 3. Agriculture— Economic 
aspects— United States— Territories and possessions 
—Statistics. I. United States. Bureau of the Census. 
II. Title. 
HD1769.C46 1987 338.1 '0973'021 88-600103 



For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government 
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction VII 

Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 1 



FIGURES 

1. State Map 2 

2. Profile of State's Agriculture: 1987 3 

3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 4 

4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 4 

5. Land Use: 1987 5 

6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 5 

7. Value of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 6 

8. Production Expenses: 1987 6 



TABLES 

CHAPTER 1. State Data 

1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 7 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 9 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 10 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 12 

5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 13 

6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 14 

7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 15 

8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982 16 

9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 16 

10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 17 

11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 18 

12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

16. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by 

Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 — 20 

17. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, and Specified Racial 
Groups: 1987 and 1982 21 

18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 23 

19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 24 

20. Livestock and Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 25 

21. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 25 

22. Broilers and Started Pullets-Sales: 1987 and 1982 26 

23. Poultry- Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 26 

24. Turkeys -Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 27 

25. Cattle and Calves- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 - 27 

26. Cattle and Calves- Sales: 1987 and 1982 - 28 

27. Cattle and Calves-Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 — — 28 

28. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 — 29 

29. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 29 

30. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 30 

31. Cattle and Calves-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 - 30 

32. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 30 

33. Hogs and Pigs-Sales: 1987 and 1982 31 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS III 



34. Hogs and Pigs-Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 31 

35. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 31 

36. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 32 

37. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Farrowed: 1987 32 

38. Sheep and Lambs- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 32 

39. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 33 

40. Sheep and Lambs- Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 33 

41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 34 

42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 35 

43. Specified Crops Harvested -Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 35 

44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 36 

45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 37 

46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1 987 and 

1982 37 

47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 .__ 38 

48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 40 

49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 49 

50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 - 58 

51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 76 

52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 94 

53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 _. 112 

CHAPTER 2. County Data 

1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 130 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 and 

1982 133 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 139 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm-Related Income, and 
Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 142 

5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 - 145 

6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 151 

7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 154 

8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 157 

9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 160 

10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 and 1982 162 

11. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 168 

12. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 174 

13. Sheep and Horses- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 177 

14. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 179 

15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 - 182 

16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982___ 185 

17. Milk Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 199 

18. Angora Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 * 

19. Mink and Their Pelts -Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

20. Colonies of Bees and Honey- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 199 

21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 — 199 

22. Miscellaneous Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 200 

23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 __ 200 

24. Grains-Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 201 

25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1987 and 1982. 202 

26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 202 

27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 205 

28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 210 

29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 212 

30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1987 and 1982 213 

31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 

32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1987 and 1982 216 

33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 __ 216 

34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 216 

35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 217 

36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 217 



IV CONTENTS 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Page 
APPENDIXES 

A. General Explanation A_1 

B. Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program B-1 

C. Statistical Methodology C-1 

D. Report Form and Information Sheet __ Iim'"!!! D-1 

Index ... ____ Index 1 

Publication Program _ _ Inside back cover 

*Not published for this State. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS V 



INTRODUCTION 



Page 

HISTORY VII 

USES OF THE CENSUS VII 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED VII 

FARM DEFINITION VII 

COMPARABILITY OF DATA VII 

TABULAR PRESENTATION VII 

ADVANCE REPORTS VIII 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION VIII 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS VIII 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES VIM 

INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES DATA VIII 

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS VIM 



fifth year after 1983 covering the prior year. The 1987 
census includes each State, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the 
Virgin Island of the United States. A census of agriculture 
will be conducted in American Samoa and the Common- 
wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in conjunction with 
the 1990 Census of Population and Housing. 



FARM DEFINITION 



HISTORY 

The 1 987 Census of Agriculture is the 23d taken by the 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The 
first agriculture census was taken in 1840 as part of the 
sixth decennial census of population. From 1840 to 1950, 
an agriculture census was taken as part of the decennial 
census. A separate mid-decade census of agriculture was 
conducted in 1925, 1935, and 1945. From 1954 to 1974, a 
census of agriculture was taken for the years ending in 4 
and 9. In 1976, Congress authorized the census of agri- 
culture to be taken for 1978 and 1982 to adjust the data 
reference year so that it coincided with the economic 
censuses covering manufacturing, mining, construction, 
retail trade, wholesale trade, service industries, and selected 
transportation activities. This adjustment in timing estab- 
lished the agriculture census on a 5-year cycle collecting 
data for years ending in 2 and 7. 

USES OF THE CENSUS 

The census of agriculture is the leading source of 
statistics about the Nation's agricultural production and the 
only source of consistent, comparable data at the county. 
State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by 
Congress in developing and changing farm programs and 
for determining the effects of these programs. Many 
national and State programs are designed or allocated on 
the basis of census data, such as funds for extension 
sen/ices, research, and soil conservation projects. Private 
industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective 
production and distribution system for the agricultural 
community. 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED 

The census of agriculture is required by law under Title 
13, United States Code, sections 142(a) and 191, which 
directs that a census be taken in 1979, 1983, and in every 



Since 1850, when minimum criteria defining a farm for 
census purposes first were established, the farm definition 
has been changed nine times. The current definition, first 
used for the 1974 census, is any place from which $1,000 
or more of agricultural products were produced and sold or 
normally would have been sold during the census year. 
The farm definition used for the outlying areas varies 
according to area. The report for each area includes a 
discussion of the farm definition. 



COMPARABILITY OF DATA 

Data on acreages and inventories for 1987 and 1982 
are generally comparable. Dollar figures shown for expenses 
and agricultural product sales are expressed in current 
dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation or defla- 
tion. In general, data for censuses since 1 974 are not fully 
comparable with data for 1 969 and earlier censuses due to 
changes in the farm definition. 

The 1978 U.S., region, and State data shown in the 
1978 Census of Agriculture publications included data for 
farms on the mail list plus estimates from an area sample 
for farms not on the mail list. For comparability, the 1 978 
data in the 1987 publications include only farms on the 
mail list. 



TABULAR PRESENTATION 

State data— Tables 1 through 47 in chapter 1 show 
detailed State-level data usually accompanied by historical 
data for one or more past censuses. Tables 48 through 53 
provide 1987 State data cross-tabulated by various farm 
classifications. 

County data— Chapter 2 presents selected data items 
by county. Tables 1 through 16 include general data for all 
counties. The counties are listed in alphabetical order in 
the column headings. Tables 17 through 36 include only 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INTRODUCTION VII 



counties reporting the data item. Counties not having the 
item, or with a limited number of farms reporting the item, 
have data combined and presented as "all other counties." 

ADVANCE REPORTS 

Advance reports of 1987 census data have been pub- 
lished separately for each county with 1 farms or more, 
each State, and the United States. This series provided, at 
the earliest possible date, final data on major data items 
together with comparable final data from the 1982 census. 
Data items are standard across States except information 
on selected crops harvested, which vary by State accord- 
ing to their relative importance in the State. 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION 

The volume 1 data are available on computer tapes and 
compact disc. The advance report data are available on 
computer tapes, computer diskettes, and through elec- 
tronic data services such as the AG R I DATA network, the 
CENDATA package on Dialog, CompuServe on-line ser- 
vices, and the Census Bureau's State Data Center Bulletin 
Board. Computer tapes, diskettes, and compact discs are 
sold by the Customer Services Branch, Data User Services 
Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233 
(telephone (301) 763-4100). 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS 

Custom designed tabulations can be developed to 
individual user specifications on a programming cost reim- 
bursable basis. Inquiries about special tabulations should 
be directed to the Chief, Agriculture Division, Bureau of the 
Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES 

In keeping with the provisions of Title 13, United States 
Code, no data are published that would disclose the 
operations of an individual farm. However, the number of 



farms in a given size category or other classification, such 
as size of farm, is not considered a release of confidential 
information and is provided even though other information 
is withheld. 



INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES 
DATA 



Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and 
equipment are measured as of December 31 of the census 
year. Crop and livestock production, sales, and expense 
data are for the calendar year, except for a few crops (such 
as citrus) for which the production year overlaps the 
calendar year. 



ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS 

The following abbreviations and symbols are used through- 
out the tables: 

Represents zero. 

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual 

farms. 

(IC) Independent city. 

(NA) Not available. 

(S) Withheld because estimate did not meet pub- 

lication standards on the basis of either the 
response rate (associated relative standard 
error) or a consistency review. 

(X) Not applicable. 

(Z) Less than half of the unit shown. 

cwt Hundredweight. 

sq ft Square feet. 



VIM INTRODUCTION 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 

[Dollar figures are in current dollars with no adjustrDent for price cfianges. For meaning of abbreviations and sym 



Average size of farm__- 

Value of land and buitdingsV 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 



180 to 499 acres. 



Harvested cropland . 
Imgated land 



/larket value of agricultural products sold $1,000, 

Average per farm dollars. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops _ $1,000. 

Grains $1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed _ $1,000. 

Tobacco $1,000. 



Vegetables, sweet com. and melons 

Fmits. nuts, and bemes 

Nursery and greenhouse crops _ 

Other crops 



Livestock, poultry, and their products $1.000., 

Poultry and poultry products __ $1,000. 

Dairy products $1.000., 

Cattle and calves $1.000., 

Hogs and pigs $1.000., 

Sheep, lambs, and wool $1.000., 

Other livestock and livestock products {see text) $1.000., 



Farms by type of organization: 
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) 

Partnership 

Corporation 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Other ..;;i;i;;;i;;;;i;;;;i;i; 



Operators by days worked off farm: 



"200 c 



Average age of operator 

Total farm production expenses' 



Selected farm production expenses' 
Livestock and poultry purchased . 
Feed for livestock and poultry ... 



Commercial fertilizer^ . 
Agricultural chemicals^ . 

Petroleum products 

Hired farm tabor 



Hogs and pigs 

Chickens 3 months old ( 









Irish potatoes 






Hay-alfalfa, other 


lame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see 


acres. 






acres- 


Larid in orchards . 




acres. 
... farms. 



7 255 

8 221 
30 660 



21 876 


94 386 


16 437 




12 827 


51 613 


15 455 


2 637 


119 475 



1 139 

2 824 
2 018 



256 578 
136 645 
95 354 
15 231 



'Data are based on a sample of farms, 

2Data for 1 987 include cost of custom applications, 

'Data for 1 982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MAINE 1 



Figure 1. State Map 



MAINE 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 




2 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figure 2. Profile of state's Agriculture: 1987 



1 to 49 acres 

50 to 179 acres 

180 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1 ,000 to 1 ,999 acres ^ 1 7 

2,000 acres or more 




|o. 



Farms by size 



Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $9,999 [ 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 [ 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 or more 



Jl8f 



3^^ 



Farms by value of 
products sold 



Less than $40,000 t 

$40,000 to $99,999 [ 
$100,000 to $499,999 [ 
$500,000 to $999,999 j | 6 2 

$1,000,000 or more [,,122 



3 



3 54.2 



Farms by value of 
land and buildings 



Other I 0.4 
Corporation ^^ 4.8 
Partnership p^-^'j 5 g 
Individual or family ' 



Full owner 1 
Part owner \J 
Tenant ^43 



Farms by type of 
organization 



„.l,i^..,^...xa.:Saj 67.2 Operators by tenure 



None 
1 to 99 days [^^^ 
100 to 199 days 
200 days or more ^f>Jf§- 
Not reported \/ ] 5 , 




Operators woricing 
off farm 



Farming [ 

Other W^JCi.^k 



Operators by 
principal occupation 



40 50 60 

Percent of farms 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MAINE 3 



Figure 3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 



Value of sales 
Less than $10,000 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 




Figure 4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 

(Thousands) 




1959 



1964 



$100,000 or more 
$40,000 to $99,999 
$10,000 to $39,999 
1 Less than $10,000 



1974 1978 

Census year 



4 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figures. Land Use: 1987 



Other land 
7.3% 



Pastureland and . 
rangeland 
2.7% 



Woodland 
45.9% 



Land use 
Total acres =1,342,588 



Cropland 




other cropland— cover, crops failed, y^ 
and summer fallow 

7.1% / 

Cropland idle 

8.8% ^ 
Cropland pastured 
14.8% 



Cropland 
44.1% 



Cropland harvested - 
69.4% 




Figures. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 

(Thousands of acres) 



240 




150 




Hay— all 
types 



Irish potatoes vjais lur gran 




1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MAINE 5 



Figure 7. Value Of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 

State total = $247,656,000 



All other livestock 
6.1% 



Cattle and calves 
6.2% 




Poultry and poultry products 
51.9% 



Figures. Production Expenses: 1987 









j"^' 


56.6 






vestock purchased 




21.9 


Feed purchased 

Fertilizer/ 
Chemicals/Seeds 




-^ 

94.4 
1 


Energy cost 
or— Hired/Contract 




; 20.4 


Interest expense 





155 




Other 


1 






H'- 



60 
Millions of dollars 



6 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Land in "(arms 

Average size of farm. 



lue of land and buildings': 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 



Estimated market value c 
all machinery and 

equipment' 

Average per farm__. 



180 to 499 acres. 



Total cropland 



(Market value of agncullural 

products sold^ $1.000_. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Crops, including nursery 
and greenhouse crops _. $1,000.. 
Livestock, poultry, and 
their products $1,000.. 

Farms by value of sales^: 

Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $4,999 



$10,000 to $24,999" . 
$25,000 to $49,9995 . 
$50,000 to $99,999 .. 
$100,000 to $499,999 
$500,000 or more ... 



Other-cooperative, 
estate or tnjsL 
institutional, etc 



Operators by days worked 



200 days or more 

Operators by principal 
occupation^: 



Other . 
Average age of operator*. 



purchased 

Feed for livestock ani 
poultry 

Commercial fertilizer' 
Petroleum products.. 

Hired farm tabor 

Interest expense".... 
Aghcultural chemicals 



Cattle and calves 



Hogs and pigs inventory. 
Hogs and pigs sold 






chickens sold farms. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2 275 

3 653 
2 253 



94 386 
16 437 
12 827 
51 613 
15 455 



2 609 

3 932 
2 467 



13 242 
1 784 
57 173 



2 867 
497 



56 633 
2 796 



7 788 

409 

9 565 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



641 940 

5 631 

449 901 



132 582 
224 145 



2 458 
2 743 
1 579 



22 851 

115 882 

18 968 

9 266 

31 435 

(NA) 



64 457 259 



7 253 
706 769 

6 519 
457 935 



63 894 
132 772 



P! 



(NA) 
4 315 
2 219 



7 350 

288 

9 257 



59 906 919 



255 931 
19 878 

138 268 



9 501 

6 098 

22 218 

(NA) 



59 018 598 



8 208 

1 714 

2 099 



50 730 

(NA) 

5 584 

21 735 



24 646 

858 

24 130 


28 427 
1 379 
20 490 


5 773 
480 993 


10 074 
3 556 980 


1 102 
863 080 


863 
23 828 960 




MAINE 7 



Table 1. Historical Higlilights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Selected crops fiarvested; 
Corn for gram or seed farms.. 

Oats for grain farms.. 

busfiels.. 

Insh potatoes farms.. 

acres.. 

Hay -alfalfa, other tame, 
small gram. wild, grass 
silage, green cfiop, etc. 
(see text) farms. 

tons. dry.. 
Vegetables tiarwested lor 



A 290 
341 490 
414 555 



24 933 225 



4 124 
236 567 
367 396 



2 463 

51 611 

2 350 822 

5 816 

133 348 

31 969 052 



4 041 
206 162 

333 701 



17 150 

3 997 

74 779 

2 429 555 

9 223 

130 303 

28 272 401 



513 188 
601 128 



'Data 
2Data 
JData 
■"Data 
'Data 
'Data 
'Data 
'Data 
»Data 
'"Data 



I value of forest products sold. 



based on a sample of 
974 and prior years ir 
982 and pnor years e 
959 are for $10,000 or more 
954 are for $25,000 or more. 

974 apply only to Individual or family operations (sole proprietorsliip) «nc 
987 include cost of custom applications; data for agricultural cfiemicals i 
982 do not include imputation 
964 and prior years i ' 
1974 were from land 



i for chickens i 



8 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 2. 

[For meaning c 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Percent of total i 



Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Value of sales': 
Less than $1,000 (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
$1,000 to $2,499 _ _ farms. 

$1,000. 
$2,500 to $4.999 I 

$ 
$5,000 to $9,999 I 

$1,000. 
$10,000 to $19.999 I 

$1,000. 

$20,000 to $24.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$25,000 to $39,999 _ farms. 

$1 ,000. 
$40,000 to $49,999 I 

$1,000. 
$50,000 to $99,999 _ farms. 

$1,000. 

$100,000 to $249.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$250,000 to $499.999 I 

$1,000. 
$500,000 to $999.999= I 

$1,000. 
$1,000,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales by commodity or commodity group: 

Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Grains — farms. 

$1,000. 
Com for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans I 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain I 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats - I 

$1,000. 
other grains' - - farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 
Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 
Hay. silage, and field seeds __ f 

$1,000. 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 1 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms, 

$1,000. 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products — farms. 

$1,000. 
Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 
Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves-.- farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool -.- farms. 

$1,000. 



43 894 

26 

121 376 



128 641 

949 

88 672 



135 645 
1 265 

95 354 



'Data for 1982 and 1978 exclude abnormal farms. 
2Data for 1982 and 1978 are for $500,000 or more 
'Data for 1 982 include barley 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 9 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text- For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory \ex\ ] 







1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 






6 266 

'^ 

2 317 
1 257 

961 
536 
586 
401 
150 
58 

1 742 

857 
475 
150 

Vs 

3 197 

(X) 
(X) 

1 286 
838 
209 
389 
226 

95 
33 
121 

2 044 

(X) 
(X) 

700 
442 
195 
353 
151 
68 
135 

2 525 

iS 

1 206 
299 
543 
212 
138 
26 
101 

3 252 

1 Oil 
584 
856 
317 
349 

35 
63 
28 
9 

2 821 

(X) 
(X) 

1 083 
354 
789 
288 
225 
50 
32 

5 857 

'^ 

1 759 
417 
160 
24 

6 
8 


(X) 
324 276 
51 752 

6 272 
8 866 

15 345 
19 247 
41 889 
63 892 
50 247 

118 517 

(X) 

21 876 

6.7 

284 
1 000 
1 039 

1 962 

2 176 

1 813 
10 109 

(X) 

94 386 

29.1 

541 
1 650 

1 445 

6 426 

7 649 
5 943 

2 921 
67 811 

63 160 
19.5 

261 
1 013 
1 295 
5 755 
5 114 

4 246 
45 477 

(X) 

10 684 

3.3 

220 

204 

1 148 

1 941 
575 

5 153 

(X) 

16 437 

5.1 

189 

1 955 

2 201 
5 354 

923 
2 419 
1 766 
1 233 

11 9?^ 

3.7 

180 

240 

1 820 

1 974 

1 627 

2 917 

12 827 

4.0 

1 189 

3 775 

2 926 
2 319 

772 

265 

1 581 


} 

} 

} 

} 

} 
} 

} 

] 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

InX! 

(NA) 
(NA) 

H 

2 196 
(NA) 

1 175 
567 
143 
232 

79 

4 051 

100 879 

(NA) 

1 766 
276 
855 
221 

2 471 
92 580 

(NA) 

791 
529 
190 
661 
300 

2 585 
9 218 

(NA) 

1 197 
298 
611 

92 

3 344 
18 719 

(NA) 

1 193 
378 
884 
332 

427 

130 

2 704 
9 865 

(NA) 

1 204 
314 
651 
258 

277 

6 889 

18 739 

(NA) 

4 252 
1 646 

599 
358 
34 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


Average per farm 

Farms with expenses of- 


$1000 
dollars 


$5 000 to $9 999 




$10,000 to $24.999 




(NA) 








(NA) 
(NA) 

2 659 










farms 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


$1.000.. 


34 845 
(NA) 

1 308 


$1 000 to $4 999 


586 








i 591 




$50,000 to $99,999 ._._ 


{ : 






Feed for livestock and poultry 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total-. 


4 113 

140 499 

(NA) 

1 848 










$10 000 to $24 999' 


r 1 431 








1 




i : 










Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 - 

$1 000 to $4 999 


$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


118 360 
(NA) 

762 
322 




273 




1 296 


$25 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 to $79 999 


- 




Seeds, bulbs, plants and trees 

Farms with expenses of - 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


3 544 
8 219 
(NA) 


$500 to $999 


415 










$10 000 to $19 999 














famis 


4 110 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


17 456 
(NA) 




566 






$5 000 to $9 999 




486 


$10 000 to $24 999' 


{ 548 










$50 000 to $99 999 


-\ 






Agricultural chemicals' - 


.- farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


A 090 
8 603 
(NA) 

2 041 










$5 000 to $9 999 


244 














Petroleum products — 


-- farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total- 


6 738 

13 885 

(NA) 

4 100 












i -? 


$25 000 to $39 999 




i : 


$50,000 or more ._ 



10 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



(Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 










1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
(il.OOO) 


1978 


Total farm production expenses-Con. 

Electricity - - farms- 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $499 


4 574 

(X) 
(X) 

499 
678 
183 
62 

12 

1 105 
817 
371 
396 
223 
110 

29 
57 

906 
(X) 
(X) 

386 
347 
92 

56 
10 
15 

5 381 

(X) 
(X) 

2 265 
2 065 

556 
391 
76 
28 

1 444 

(X) 
(X) 

870 
430 
92 
35 

12 
5 

2 753 

S! 

S95 

1 141 
377 

11 
19 
8 

2 032 

1 445 

1 287 

!S 

475 
160 
463 

52 

7 

6 064 

ss 

1 039 
1 617 

3 039 
240 

115 


(X) 
7 596 

447 

470 

674 

2 101 

1 224 

819 

1 860 

5ji? 
15.9 

391 

1 899 

2 704 

6 260 

7 537 
6 816 
2 523 

23 481 

(X) 

4 978 

1.5 

131 
832 
643 
849 
326 

2 198 

(X) 

19 687 

6.1 

889 

4 410 

3 790 

5 606 
2 432 

2 560 

(X) 

3 052 

.9 

320 
959 
604 
476 
368 
325 

4.8 

2??i 

2 585 

3 867 
1 842 

1 230 

2 795 

11 312 

4 143 

(X) 

3 845 

1.2 

103 

107 

1 077 

329 
665 

(X) 

11 460 

3.5 

274 
1 148 

5 978 
1 566 
1 503 

991 


4 671 
7 001 
(NA) 

2 422 

654 
675 
703 

} 

3 356 
44 906 

(NA) 

927 

1 117 

388 

} 
} 

428 
3 436 
(NA) 

186 
151 

} *• 

(NA) 
(NA) 

s 

(NA) 
(NA) 

1 498 

2 416 
(NA) 

1 083 
323 

61 

} 

2 826 
18 511 

(NA) 

821 

1 033 

453 

519 

« 

s 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

s 

(NA) 


4 913 

5 000 
(NA) 

2 804 






$2 000 to $4 999 


415 
















3 946 


$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Famis with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


39 420 
(NA) 

1 332 




1 287 


$5,000 to $9,999 

$10 000 to $24 999' 


517 


$25 000 to $49 999 








-\ 




1 


Contract labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


629 
2 449 
(NA) 






$5 000 to $9 999 


93 


$10 000 to $24 999 
















$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


PI 






$5 000 to $9 999 




$10 000 to $24 999 












CustomworK, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment' farms.. 

$1,000_. 
percent of total— 
Farms with expenses ol- 


1 907 
1 738 
(NA) 


$5 000 to $9 999 


41 


$10 000 to $24 999 












Interest* farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 




fcSi 


$5 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $24 999 






(NA) 




$100 000 or more 




Interest paid on debt: 


Z\ 








$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


ti 


$500 to $999 




$1 000 to $4 999 






(NA) 


$25,000 to $49,999 




$50 000 or more 








""" """$1 ooo:; 

percent of toUI.. 
$1 to $499.'! 


(NA) 
(NA 


$1,000 to $4 999 


(N/ 


$5 000 to $9 999 








$25,000 or more _ 


(NA 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 11 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



(Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory text] 












1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


^IT.ooo1 


1978 


Total farm production expenses -Con. 




5 630 
(X) 
(X) 

2 642 
1 870 
434 
397 
166 
82 
39 


(X) 

38 383 

11.8 

1 027 

4 074 

2 957 
6 297 

5 588 
5 429 

13 012 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

s 

(NA) 


(NA) 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1.000.. 


(NA) 


V{ nnn^^sVgqg 




(NA) 






(NA) 




$100,000 or more - 


(NA) 



'Data lor 1978 are tor $10,000 or 

'Data for 1987 include cost of cus 

3Data for 1987 exclude cost of custom applications for commercial fertitaer and agricultural cftemicals 

•Data tot 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



lime for 1987 and 1982. 



Table 4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Average per farm 

■arms witfi net gains^ _— 

Average per farm.-. 

Gain of- 
Less than $1.000. . . 
$1,000 to $4,999... 
$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $24,999. 
$25,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 or more ... 



Farms with net losses . 
Average per farm . 



$10,000 t 
$25,000 t 
$50,000 < 



6 266 
74 252 
11 850 



3 354 
18 521 
5 522 



2 559 
83 808 
32 750 



3 707 
-9 556 
-2 578 



'Farms with total production expenses equal to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms v 



12 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 



> and symbols, see introductory t 



> with sales of $10,000 or more 



Government payments __ 1987 

Average per farm^ 1987. 

Farms witti receipts of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Amount received in cash 1987. 

Value of certificates received 1987. 

Other farm-related income, gross before taxes and expenses^ 1987. 

Average per farm' 1987. 

Farms with receipts of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork and other agricultural services^ 1987. 

1982. 
Average per farm' 1987. 

1982. 
1987 farms with receipts of — 

$1 to $999 _ 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Rental of farmland.. ,. 1987. 

Average per farm' 1987. 

Farms with receipts of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Sales of forest products and Christmas trees.. 1987. 

Average per farm' 1987. 

Farms with receipts of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _ 

Other farm-related income sources 1987. 

Average per farm' 1987. 

Farms with receipts of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 10 $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

'Data are in whole dollars. 

^Dala are based on a sample of farms. 

^Data for 1987 are based on a sample of farms: data for 1982 



I abnormals from farms v 



1 sales of $10,000 or r 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 13 



Table 6. 

[For meaning 



Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 

I symbols, see introductory text) 



Total — 

Average per farm' _ 

Farms with loans of — 

$1 to $999 -- 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999- 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more _. 

Corn 

Average per farm' 

Farms vnth loans of- 

$1 to $999 -- 

$1,000 to $9,999— 

$10,000 to $24,999_ 

$25,000 or more 

Wheat 

Average per farm'... ,- 

Farms with loans of — 
$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999---- 

$25,000 or more 

Soybeans --- ._ 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of- 

$1 to $999 — 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cotton 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Peanuts, rye, nee. tobacco, and honey 
Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

'Data are in whole dollars. 



T^ 



14 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tesrt] 



Percent of total In 1987 



Cropland used o 
Ottier cropland . 



r pasture or grazing farms-. 



l-improvement grasses, i 



Cropland on wtiicti all crops failed. 



Woodland not pastured . 



Pastureland and rangeland other ttian cropland £ 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc 



Consen/ation resen/e program . 



592 309 

5 486 

410 891 



35 903 
3 849 
98 596 



2 970 
86 726 
1 867 



5 461 
707 404 

1 298 
77 478 

5 012 
629 926 



2 842 
90 587 

2 227 
96 740 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 15 



Table 8. 



Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 
and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 
















Farms 


Land in farms 
(acres) 


Hareesled cropland 
(acres) 


Irrigated land 
(acres) 




1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 


d 


6 269 

419 
1 029 
515 
564 
812 

562 

409 

321 

1 028 

106 
30 
2 

5 486 

240 
766 
440 
503 
726 

518 
387 

999 
464 

104 
30 
2 

82 
72 

31 
33 

20 

18 
30 
17 

7 
5 


7 003 

379 

1 139 

573 

890 

669 
517 
373 
1 128 
505 

108 
30 
3 

6 138 

201 
853 
480 
603 
812 

620 
490 
363 
1 086 
496 

104 

3 

200 

29 
50 

15 
19 

8 
10 
22 

8 

10 
6 

1 


1 342 588 

1 706 
27 974 
29 599 
46 380 
93 204 

87 913 

80 649 
76 467 

362 664 
310 704 

137 583 

87 745 

(D) 

1 283 973 

1 013 
21 728 
25 300 
41 492 
83 477 

81 096 
76 247 
73 608 

353 039 
304 645 

134 583 

87 745 

(D) 

68 548 

275 
1 863 

1 837 

2 536 

3 847 

2 212 

4 268 
10 278 
12 993 

9 249 
16 091 


1 468 674 

1 376 
31 793 
33 015 
56 889 

101 774 

105 044 

102 172 
88 713 

394 666 
329 717 

136 442 
87 073 
19 073 

1 398 887 

768 
24 171 
27 728 
49 512 
92 943 

97 418 
96 840 

86 302 
380 492 
323 741 

131 899 

87 073 
19 073 

55 206 

132 

502 

2 206 

2 108 
1 564 

5 335 

13 188 

17 512 

(D) 


410 891 

582 

9 382 
13 402 
27 861 

23 646 
23 740 
23 297 
115 118 
91 222 

44 354 

29 048 

(D) 

410 891 

9 239 
9 382 
13 402 
27 861 

23 646 
23 740 
23 297 
115 118 
91 222 

44 354 

29 048 

(D) 

20 176 

132 
386 
326 

672 

751 

556 

1 061 

3 145 

3 253 

3 362 
6 150 


457 076 

445 
10 179 
9 721 
17 120 
30 367 

29 990 
32 079 

28 410 
127 777 
102 506 

43 248 
25 234 
7 575 

457 076 

445 
10 179 
9 721 
17 120 

30 367 

29 990 
32 079 
28 410 

127 777 
102 506 

43 248 
25 234 
7 575 

20 760 

58 
308 
173 
208 
600 

768 

470 

635 

3 461 

2 351 

5 604 

6 124 

(D) 


6 065 

112 
180 
151 

362 

396 
88 

249 
1 242 
1 163 

1 101 
895 

6 028 

112 
175 
151 
126 
330 

396 

88 

249 

1 242 

1 101 
895 

6 065 

112 
ISO 
151 
126 
362 

396 

88 

249 

1 242 

1 163 

1 101 
895 


5 831 


Farms by size: 








50 to 69 acres 






85 






140 to 179 acres 


150 


180 to 219 acres 


103 










500 to 999 acres 


621 










5,000 acres or more -.. 

Farms with harvested cropland 

1 to 9 acres 


(D) 

5 831 

45 




208 










100 to 139 acres 


243 


140 to 179 acres 


150 


260 to 499 acres 


197 
1 530 


500 to 999 acres 

1 000 to 1 999 acres 


621 
1 186 


2 000 acres or more 


1 375 


5,000 acres or more 


(D) 
5 831 










50 to 69 acres 


88 


70 to 99 acres 








140 to 179 acres 


150 




103 










500 to 999 acres 


621 






2,000 acres or more 


1 375 


S.OOO acres or more 


(D) 



Table 9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irrigation 

Imgated land-Con. 
Acres irrigated— Con. 

200 to 499 acres farms. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres farms. 

acres 

1.000 acres or more farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated land use: 
Harvested cropland farms. 

Pastureland and other land farms. 

Land in imgated farms acres. 

Cropland acres. 

cropland acres. 



Proportion of farms _ 

Irrigated land 

Average per farm_„ 

Acres irrigated: 
1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 



68 548 
28 423 
20 176 



16 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 



Irrigated farms 



Nonirrigated farms 



Land in farms acres 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars, 

Irngated land acres. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland farms. 

acres. 

Han/ested cropland farms. 

acres. 

Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured farms. 

Land set aside in federal farm programs farms. 

acres 
Owned and rented land in farms: 
Owned land in farms farms. 

Rented or leased land in farms _ farms. 

Market value of agricultural products sold — $1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse crops _. farms. 

$1,000 
Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$1,000 

Total farm production expenses' — $1,000 

Average per farm dollars 

Livestock and poultry purchased _. farms. 

$1,000. 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Commercial fertilizer^ -__ farms. 

$1,000. 

Agricultural chemicals^ farms. 

$1,000. 
Petroleum products _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 
Hired farm labor _. farms. 

$1,000. 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Repairs and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Customwork. machine hire, and rental of machinery 
and equipments __ farms. 

$1,000. 
Interest" farms. 

$1,000. 
Cash rent paid for land and buildings — farms. 

$1,000. 
Property taxes paid farms. 

$1,000. 
All other farm production expenses -. farms. 

$1,000. 

Commodity Credit Corporation loans farms. 

$1,000. 
Government payments received ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
Other farm-related income' farms. 

$1,000. 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment' farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Inventory of livestock: 
Cattle and calves — farms. 

Milk cows___ farms 

Hogs and pigs farms 

number 
Sheep and lambs _._ farms 



5 919 
592 309 


6 591 
610 691 


5 486 


6 13b 


410 891 


457 076 


3 292 


3 680 


123 390 


133 857 


228 


(NA) 




(NA) 


5 997 


(NA) 


148 150 




2 058 


2 226 


194 438 


196 236 


405 484 


399 412 


64 681 


57 034 


3 822 


3 873 


157 828 


142 834 


3 301 


4 028 


247 656 


256 578 


324 276 


(NA) 


51 752 


(NA) 


1 742 


2 196 


21 876 


20 717 




4 051 






2 525 


2 585 


10 684 


9 218 




3 344 


16 437 


18 719 




2 704 






5 857 


6 889 


12 827 


18 739 


4 574 


4 671 




7 001 


3 108 




51 613 


44 906 


906 


428 


4 978 


3 436 


5 381 


(NA) 


19 687 


(NA) 


1 444 


1 498 


3 052 


2 416 






15 455 


18 511 


1 287 


(NA) 


3 845 


(NA) 


6 064 


(NA) 


11 460 


(NA) 


5 630 


(NA) 


38 383 


(NA) 



8 999 

559 

15 606 



6 974 
236 527 
33 916 



68 548 
274 510 



55 206 
292 309 



(NA) 


(D) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


173 

9 137 

22 

787 


22 784 
13 919 


6 403 
35 183 


192 

21 520 

45 

1 264 


179 

6 375 

17 

28 



129 361 

3 234 

247 029 



IB 004 

1 323 

2 677 

2 532 
13 823 

1 210 

3 218 
5 732 

10 576 
5 286 
34 147 



5 905 
217 349 
36 808 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 
2Data for 1 987 include cost of custom applications 
^Data for 1 987 exclude cost of custom applications 
'Data tor 1 982 do not include imputation lor 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 17 



Table 11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

IData are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





gs 


„, 


1982 




Value of land and buildi 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


1978 




(arms.. 

.5K;: 


6 266 

(X) 

652 
773 
916 
998 
699 

1 699 
389 
119 
16 

5 


(X) 

1 320 729 

210 777 

962 

13 827 

41 129 
75 647 

115 600 
114 278 

479 696 
242 349 
147 352 

42 206 
48 645 


7 003 

1 053 861 

150 487 

708 

998 
1 404 
1 133 
1 311 

775 

1 108 
225 

} 


6 775 
799 631 








Farms by value group: 








$70 000 to $99 999 


1 095 




1 163 




573 



























Table 12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms: see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory i 





1987 


1982 


Value of machinery and equipment 


Farms 


value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




6 264 

(X) 

lO? 

1 301 
967 
801 

538 

in 

183 

7 


240 068 
38 325 

1 445 
8 196 
17 547 
21 982 
29 249 

29 413 

46 864 
46 603 

11 368 


6 974 

691 

1 862 

1 328 

881 

785 

464 
337 
459 
156 

} 


236 527 


Average per farm' 

%^IV'^,T 


33 916 


$5,000 to $9,999 


12 677 
17 471 




19 878 








25 612 






$100 000 to $199 999 






37 737 




8 666 









Table 13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 





1987 


1982 


Selected macfiinery and equipment 


Total 




1983 10 1987 




prior to 1983 


Farms 




Number 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


1978 to 1982 


fvlotortrucks. including pickups 


5 537 

1 880 
852 

5 597 

2 576 

1 285 

3 805 
3 549 

471 

2 152 
2 708 


12 236 
5 181 

14 260 

5 983 

6 541 
6 201 
8 059 

540 

2 326 
2 925 


2 102 
211 
26 

1 050 
168 
46 
545 
583 

38 

538 
424 


2 459 
467 
127 

1 403 
367 
200 
655 
748 

564 
432 


4 580 

1 399 
697 

5 181 

2 384 
1 143 

3 389 
3 339 

438 

1 652 

2 352 


9 777 

3 198 

4 095 

12 857 

5 536 
5 667 
5 546 
7 311 

1 762 

2 493 


5 784 

1 940 
808 

5 955 

288 

2 128 
2 890 


12 231 
4 398 
4 797 

13 569 
6 918 
4 523 

(NA) 
(NA) 

320 
3 047 


2 525 
560 
165 




1 821 


2 or 3 


701 
94 




(NA) 




(NA) 




45 




656 




552 







'Data for 1982 include self-propelled only. 

18 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 14 Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample of terms; see text 


For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 












1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
(il.OOO) 


1978 






5 857 

S! 

5 232 

2 SSO 
976 

172 
49 
8 

3 268 

1 799 
517 

Ji? 

124 

40 

3 

87 
i?) 

9 
34 
16 

3 

4 128 

(X) 
(X) 

1 649 

1 678 

403 

V^2 
32 

16 


(X) 
12 827 
2 190 

(X) 
6 421 
1 227 

465 
653 
978 

712 
584 

4 2?] 
1 301 

300 
345 
566 
1 068 
824 
554 
593 

I'o^^ 

1 212 

8 

13 

(?.1 

ss 

2 0'i2 
496 

76 
355 
261 
270 
365 
184 
538 


6 889 
18 739 

2 720 

6 435 
9 200 

1 430 

3 477 
907 
659 
980 
295 

} 

3 220 
5 401 
1 677 

1 581 
426 
404 
570 
164 

} 

52 

8f4 

15 
12 

4%1 
(NA) 

(NA 

(NA 

'^ 
(NA) 


6 738 




$1.000_. 
dollars— 


2 061 










$1.000.. 
dollars 


1 022 


Farms with expenses ot- 


3 543 












767 








49 








2 643 




$1,000.. 
dollars__ 


1 070 


Farms with expenses of- 


1 433 












270 


















49 


Avera e er farm 


$1.000.. 
dollars 


367 


Farms witti expenses of- 


7 


























LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. grease. 




(NA) 


$1.000.. 


(NA) 


Farms with expenses o(- 


(NA) 




(NA) 


$500 to $999 


(NA) 




SKJ! 






%% 


$10,000 or more 



Table 15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, 
and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample 


of farms: see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text I 








Chemicals used 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Chemicals used 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Any chemicals, fertilizer, or linr 


farms 


3 896 

3 252 
246 899 
16 437 

1 220 
59 021 
64 204 

843 

122 
67 

2 821 
11 996 


3 912 

3 344 
252 282 
18 719 

1 510 

1 058 
229 
152 

58 
10 
3 

2 704 
9 865 


4 732 

4 110 
275 065 
17 456 

2 119 
87 395 
98 267 

1 540 
311 
193 
60 
13 
2 

4 090 
8 603 


Any chemicals. ferMllzer. or lime 
used-Con. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, 
fumigants. etc.. to control - 
Insects on hay and other 
<='°P=- acr^-c^'whtehS- 


1 728 
129 050 

8 314 

1 079 
72 535 

138 262 

562 
53 000 


1 948 

139 550 

150 

8 800 

1 094 
80 281 

1 690 
145 312 

565 
53 611 




Commercial fertilizer' 

acres on 


farms.. 

which used.. 
$1.000.. 


1 878 
135 617 


acres on 
Farms by tons used: 


which used.. 




acres on which used.. 
Diseases in crops and 
orchards farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in 


9 697 

1 279 
95 176 


50 to 99 tons 










acres on which used.. 

Chemicals used for defoliation 
or for growth control of wops 
or thinnina of fruit .farms.. 




500 to 999 tons 




1 000 tons or more 






694 


Agncutua c e cas .. . 


$1.000.. 


^ acres on which used.. 





'Data for 1987 include c 



f custom applications; data for agricultural chemicals exclude the cost of lime for 1987 and 1982. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 19 



Table 16. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms 
and Farms Operated by Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 


















All farms 


Farms operated by Black and other races' 




1987 


1982 


1978 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Tenure of operator. 
All operators .— 


... farms.. 

acres. - 

... farms.. 

farms" 


6 269 

1 342 588 

5 486 

410 891 

4 211 
712 238 

3 516 
149 468 

1 786 
595 137 

1 716 
243 734 

272 
35 213 

254 
17 689 

4.3 

5 276 
654 
339 

3 220 

3 049 

nil 

436 
240 
287 
437 

2 253 

341 

267 

402 

1 039 

3 680 
18.8 

881 

53 
611 
1 469 
763 
757 
760 
622 
566 
668 
51.7 

.Jill 
564 

16 

4 676 

4 300 
1 963 

5 594 
1 059 102 

350 
110 356 

300 
158 330 

i 

143 827 

(D) 
18 
(D) 

25 
14 800 


7 003 
1 468 674 

6 138 
457 076 

4 778 
844 527 

4 023 
191 874 

t 931 
590 661 

1 852 
247 014 

294 
33 486 

18 188 
4.2 

5 762 
650 
591 

3 644 
3 359 

2 609 

3 932 
501 
229 
286 
449 

2 467 

462 

361 

620 

1 300 

3 546 
17,2 

1 176 

96 

873 

1 741 

]- 1 701 

} 

y 1 087 
498 

6 468 
1 395 656 

535 
73 018 

10 

3 104 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1 180 862 
384 

122 912 
272 

150 650 

3 

4 843 
239 

129 683 

7 

8 770 

23 

7 354 

30 
14 250 


6 775 

1 500 390 

6 064 

463 029 

4 553 
840 719 

3 900 
193 004 

1 943 
627 531 

1 910 
253 931 

279 
32 140 

254 
16 094 

5 558 
583 

3 908 

2 867 

2 842 

3 659 
568 
293 
284 
399 

2 115 

274 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

87 
900 
1 537 
1 738 
1 515 
998 
49.7 

6 343 
1 434 894 

432 
65 496 

13 

3 582 
(NA) 
(NA) 

6 078 

1 212 357 

426 

134 882 

244 

142 881 

5 597 

221 

129 231 

1 

(D) 

27 
10 270 


20 

4 343 

15 

1 901 

(D) 
10 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

3 

2 200 

3 

1 200 

15.0 
15 

17 
3 

9 

3 
3 

5 

13.4 
5 

3 
2 

i t 

{ I 

50.3 

4 137 

3 

206 

3 

409 

6 

16 

2 068 

1 

(0) 

2 

(D) 

(D) 


1 894 
401 

1 894 
401 

10 

7 
6 

6 
17.1 

2 

3 

]- 5 

} ^ 
52.5 

<o1 

2 

(D) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

10 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


15 
5 002 

15 
1 619 

12 


acres- 


3 951 






1 064 




farms 


1 051 
3 






555 




acres., 
farms 


- 


Percent of tenancy -. - 

Operators by place of residence: 


acres- 


11 




2 




2 


Operators by principal occupation: 




a3^--- - : :::": 




Operators by days of work off farm: 


5 




8 








2 












3 






Operators by years on present farm: 






(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


Operators by age group: 














5 






3 


60 to 64 years 




3 






52.0 


Operators by sex: 




11 


Female 


farms 








402 




farms 


(D) 
(NA) 


Spanish ongin not reported _. 

Type of organization: 
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) 

Partnership ,._ 

Corporation 

Family held: 
twiore than 10 stockholders 


-..- famis- 

.... farms- 

— . fams- 

famis— 

acres.. 

farms 


(NA) 

13 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 






1 


Other than family held: 




(D) 


10 or less stockholders 

Other-cooperative, estate or tnjst, institutional. 


.... farms- 


; 




acres.. 


- 



'For classification c 



I and ethnic groups, see text. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 



J symbols, see introductory t 



Farms operated by Black and other r 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



1987 FARMS BY SIZE 



50 to 139 acres - 
140 to 219 acres 
220 to 499 acres 
500 acres or mon 



Owned land in farms 

Rented or leased land in farms - 



farms.. 
farms.. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 
Full owners 



I Of family (sole 
Partnership 

Family held corporation 



Livestock, poultry, and their products . 



. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
. farms.. 

$1,000.. 



2 864 

302 

9 832 



Less than $2,500 .. 
$2,500 to $9.999.... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $24.999.. 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Reld crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Ihsh potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019). 



specialt 



i(0212). 



Dairy famis (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and c 
specialties (029) 



See footnotes i 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 21 



Table 1 7. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviatic 



t symbols, see introductory text] 





Female 
operators 


Operators of 
Spanish origin' 


Farms operated by Black and other races 


Chafacleristics 


Total 


Black 


American Indian 


Asian 


other 
(see text) 


1987 OPERATOR 
CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 


34 

268 
296 

448 
57 

157 
38 

32 
46 
141 

fil 
83 

71 
126 
126 
63 
46 
55 
77 
52.3 

(X) 
564 

2 

41 
47 


e 

S 
15 

9 
5 

J 
3 

5 
5 

2 

2 

49.9 

2 

16 


15 

3 
9 

5 

i3.i 

5 

3 
2 
9 

2 

2 
50.3 

17 
3 

3 

2 
(D) 


(D) 

(0) 

2 


5 
9 

6 

3 

2 

5 
15.1 

3 

2 

7 

50.5 

9 
2 

2 

(D) 


': 




Not on farm operated 


2 






Operators by principal occupation: 

srr-- 


5 


Operators by days of worli off farm: 


3 


1 to"99"daysIIIIIIIIIIIIII"I"IIIIIIIIII""IIIIIIII 

100 to 199 days 


5 
3 
1 






Not reported- - 

Operators by years on present farm: 




3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 
















Operators by age group: 
Under 25 years 






.| 


35 to 44 years 


2 


45 to 54 years 


1 










65 to 69 years 








Averaqe age 




Op^e^orsbyse,: 




Female 




1987 COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS AND 
GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 




$1,000.. 


- 


$1,000.. 





'See chapter 1, table 16 for operators not of or not reporting Spanish origin 



22 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 18 

[For meaning of abbrevialions 



Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 

lis. see introductory text] 



Crops, including 
nursery and 



Total 

Crops (01) 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Wheat (0111) 

Rice (0112) — 

Com (0115) 

Soybeans (0116) 

Cash grains, n.e.c. (0119) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) 

Irish potatoes (0134) 

Field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. (0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fnjits and tree nuts (017) 

Berry crops (0171) 

Grapes (0172) ___ 

Tree nuts (0173) 

Citnjs fnjits (0174) _. 

Deciduous tree fnjits (0175) 

Fmits and tree nuts, n.e.c. (0179) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

Ornamental floriculture and nursery products (0181) 
Food crops grown under cover (0182) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock and 

Livestc 
(021) _._.__....__.: 

Beef cattle feedlots (0211) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Hogs (0213) 

Sheep and goats (0214) 

General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
specialties (0219) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251) ,. 

Chicken eggs (0252) 

Turkeys and turkey eggs (0253) 

Poultry hatcheries (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, nee, (0259) 

Animal specialties (027) 

Fur-bearing animals and rabbits (0271) ... 

Horses and other equines (0272) 

Animal aquaculture (0273) 

Animal specialties, n.e.c. (0279) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 

'Data are based on a sample of farms 



6 269 

3 380 



1 342 588 

747 291 

25 171 
740 

2 520 



217 009 
33 659 

129 871 
12 566 
30 434 



22 296 
1 571 
3 274 



410 891 

233 463 

6 493 
100 

720 

5 673 

177 609 



5 534 
27 746 
2 416 
4 208 



210 777 

303 505 



254 000 
274 032 



175 773 
306 247 



213 751 
204 529 
224 230 



373 219 

180 319 

471 747 

(D) 



85 333 
43 884 



15 649 
61 292 



405 484 

156 081 



6 992 
30 544 



9 720 

783 

6 692 



157 828 

154 811 



5 909 
30 400 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 23 



Table 19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Charactenstics 



Characteristics 

Market value of agncultural products sold $1,000. 

Average per farm ..dollars. 

Crops, including nursery and greentiouse 
crops $1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and ttieir products $1,000. 

Total farm production expenses^ $1,000. 

Average per farm ...dollars 

Tenure of operator 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants 

Abnormal farms by standard industrial 
classification: 

Casfi grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except casf> grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Iristi potatoes: 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmanly livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



Land in farms 

Average size of farm . 



Value of land and buildings' 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 



Estimated market v 



I machinery and 



J cropland farms. 

Cropland used only for pasture or grazing .. farms. 



Total woodland . 



farms, 
farms, 
farms. 



cropland and woodland pastured 

Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 20. Livestock and Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Uvestocl< and poultry __ 

Poultry - 

Livestock 

Any cattle, hogs, or stieep 

Cattle and calves 

Cows and heifers that had calved 

Beef cows 

Milk cows - 

Hogs and pigs 

Feeder pigs sold 

Sheep and lambs^ 

Horses and ponies 

Chickens 3 months old or older' 

Hens and pullets of laying age 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 
Turkeys 



2 637 

3 652 
3 246 

2 271 

3 123 
2 787 



119 475 
141 206 
129 250 
61 597 



10 572 
49 815 
57 173 
56 633 

8 999 
8 586 
7 788 



7 232 235 
9 015 115 
5 665 233 
5 765 315 
7 517 338 

2 209 817 

3 306 637 
13 497 257 

2 526 
2 671 



18 914 
28 454 
72 312 
93 531 
66 097 



66 924 
86 685 

63 492 
45 336 
60 935 



16 432 
16 917 
20 212 
14 163 
13 837 



3 104 
3 752 
3 334 

2 826 

3 490 
3 085 

2 366 

3 030 
2 796 

(NA) 



50 357 
52 363 
61 349 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

13 905 
12 067 
9 565 
7 322 



8 355 491 
8 506 210 
14 107 703 
5 315 452 
5 241 332 
7 396 552 

13 679 943 
20 061 324 
69 135 035 



256 578 
287 117 
128 641 
135 645 
201 273 

119 015 

120 933 
85 843 



17 273 
16 908 
15 800 

15 329 
15 231 
15 008 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



'Data are estimated; see text. 

^alue of sales includes sheep, lambs, and \ 

'Sales for 1987 include pullets of less than ; 



Table 21. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 


















1987 


1982 


Item 


1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


INVENTORY 

Chickens 3 months old or older 

Farms with- 


719 

628 

74 

682 

593 
20 

12 

32 
5 
3 

128 
155 
143 
15 

228 


6 999 685 

23 712 

130 000 

6 845 973 

5 665 233 

12 108 

3 631 

6 450 

93 900 

186 631 

933 827 

299 844 

4 128 842 

2 209 817 

2 526 

2 375 

151 

(X) 


1 015 

881 
19 
115 

975 

838 
21 

18 
31 

3 

253 
216 
198 

306 


7 232 235 

(D) 

140 486 

7 057 146 

5 765 315 

17 408 

3 101 

12 030 

129 986 

463 965 
1 284 600 

464 225 
3 390 000 

3 306 637 

2 671 

2 592 

79 

(X) 


SALES 

Hens and pullets' 

1 to 3,199.... 


190 

68 
24 
98 

139 

55 
3 
5 
20 
18 
31 

3 

95 
98 

36 


8 355 491 

8 812 

167 607 

8 179 072 

5 315 452 

1 123 

342 

6 434 

137 507 

269 142 

934 780 

260 350 

3 705 774 

13 679 943 
4 128 
4 128 

(X) 


280 

105 
42 
133 

219 

18 
10 
38 
36 
36 
2 
2 

145 

110 

108 

3 


8 506 210 






10 000 or more 


10 000 or more 


8 190 396 


Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with- 
1 to 99 


Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with- 
1 to 99 


5 241 332 
1 588 


1 00 to 399 


100 to 399 


3 545 










3,200 to 9,999... 

10,000 to 19,999 

20 000 to 49 999 




10,000 to 19,999 


556 163 
1 085 046 


50,000 to 99,999 


50 000 to 99 999 


(D) 






Turke^ f". . ° _ *! ™.*. . . . .^. f . !^ .*"°. I 
For slaughter 


Broilers and other meat-type chickens . 


20 061 324 

3 712 

(D) 




(D) 


Ducks, geese, and other poultry 


Ducks, geese, and other poultry 


(X) 



^ Sales for 1987 include pullets of less 1 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 25 



Table 22. Broilers and Started Pullets— Sales: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see intfoductoiv text) 




















Pullets not of laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or older not 
of laying age 


Number sold 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


ToUl 

Farms with- 
1 to 1 999 


95 

40 
3 

S 

12 
24 

15 


13 679 943 

2 364 
12 776 

220 992 
590 000 

1 785 970 
7 628 041 

2 033 500 
5 594 541 

3 439 800 


145 

54 
3 

3 
16 

24 

42 

(NA) 

(NA, 


20 061 324 

2 222 
18 867 

146 200 

1 250 285 

3 490 929 

13 152 821 

(NA) 

(NA) 

2 000 000 


61 

10 

(NA) 
(NA, 


3 040 039 

913 
67 100 
214 026 
515 000 
733 000 

(D) 

(na") 

(NA) 
(D) 


70 

7 
8 
18 
18 
16 

2 

ina") 

(NA) 


3 264 878 

175 


2 000 to 1 5 999 


(0) 








60 000 to 99 999 


1 172 451 




(D) 




200 000 to 299 999 


(NA) 


300 000 to 499 999 







Table 23. Poultry— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 





Inventory 




Chickens 3 months old or older 


Pullet chicks and pullets 
under 3 months old 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or 
older not of laying age 




Farnis 


».», 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


T t 1 t 


719 

600 
24 
3 

17 
16 
43 
12 

(X) 


6 999 685 

12 957 
4 305 

130 li 
236 631 

1 263 609 
716 788 

4 628 745 

(X) 


682 

590 
23 
3 

29 
8 
3 

(X) 


5 665 233 

(D) 
3 800 

is 

195 631 

817 883 

415 788 

4 128 842 

(X) 


115 
76 

(X) 


1 334 452 

(D) 
41 000 
445 926 
301 000 
499 903 

(X) 


40 

29 
3 

3 
2 
2 

18 


436 816 

432 
735 

(D) 
68 500 

IS 

460 012 


65 
61 

63 


2 644 


Farms with- 




100 to 399 


572 


1 600 to 3 199 






_ 






20 000 to 49 999 




50 000 to 99 999 






_ 




2 207 173 








Sales 




Hens and pullets 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Poultry and poultry 
products 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Value 
($1,000) 




149 
12 


7 112 860 
2 167 

156 702 
235 609 

1 429 617 
876 609 

4 405 774 

1 242 631 


119 
43 

29 

20 


5 145 931 

si 

(D) 
83 602 
176 609 
776 591 
395 609 

(D) 

169 521 


39 

3 
6 

22 


1 966 929 

73 100 
59 000 
653 026 
481 000 
(D) 

1 073 110 


29 
66 


4 822 
13 675 121 


384 

265 
24 
3 

16 
43 
12 
3 

163 




1 to 99 -. 

100 to 399 

400 to 1.599 

1 .600 to 3 1 99 


102 
52 


3 200 to 9 999 


1 628 


10,000 to 19,999 


3 475 


50 000 to 99 999 


9 085 


100 000 or more 


76 148 


No inventory . 


25 517 







26 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 24. Turkeys— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 



Turkeys 


Total 


Sales for slaughter 


Sales of hens kept for breeding 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




98 
97 


4 128 

(D) 
(D) 


98 
97 


^ 


': 




Farms with- 
1 to 1.999 


- 






1 6 000 to 29 999 




30 000 to 59 999 

















Table 25. Cattle and Calves— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 












1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




2 637 

854 
458 
561 
424 
241 
95 
3 
1 

2 271 

1 042 
310 
514 
293 

?? 
2 

1 331 

943 
239 

^e 

3 

1 

1 183 

263 

ill 
286 
273 

2 

2 025 
1 666 


119 475 

3 944 
6 262 

17 754 
29 823 
31 844 
26 710 
(D) 
(D) 

61 597 

4 029 

16 969 
19 109 
12 059 

(D) 
(D) 

11 782 

3 599 
3 048 
3 464 

(D) 

49 815 

450 

403 

3 780 

10 979 

17 728 

11 645 

IS 

47 036 
10 842 


3 652 

1 354 
685 
698 
529 
293 
84 
9 

3 123 

1 653 
357 
668 
351 
77 
17 

1 811 

1 400 

268 

124 

16 

2 

1 784 

620 

291 
375 
327 
75 
15 

2 924 
2 604 




Farms with- 
1 to 9 


6 603 




iirs 


50 to 99 


36 975 


1 00 to 1 99 


38 246 


200 to 499.. 


22 658 


1 000 to 2 499 




2 500 or more 




Cows and heifers that had calved 


70 415 


Farms with- 




10 to 19 — 

50 to 99 


4 881 
21 749 










500 to 999 




1 000 or more 




Beef cows 

Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 19 


13 242 
4 778 


20 to 49 


3 353 






100 to 199 


(D) 


200 to 499 












Milk cows 


57 173 


Famiswith- 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

30 to 49;"""";"I"I"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII1IIIIIIII 

50 to 99 


1 091 
521 

5 869 
14 249 
21 500 






200 to 499 

500 or more 


4 163 















1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 26. Cattle and Calves— Sales: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 
















1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




2 366 

1 208 
408 
531 
154 

49 
12 
3 

2 087 

1 371 
404 
256 
38 
12 
5 

433 

362 
48 
20 
2 

1 465 

729 
304 
342 
66 
18 

2 


50 357 

4 959 

5 488 
16 356 
10 264 

6 354 

3 565 

(D) 
(D) 

24 201 

5 431 
5 106 

7 421 
2 439 

1 504 

(D) 
(D) 

2 604 

1 152 

473 
(D) 

(D) 

26 156 

2 705 

4 099 
9 570 
4 243 


15 329 

1 903 

1 723 
4 230 

2 808 
1 824 

1 108 

(D) 
ID) 

12 487 

2 543 

2 403 

3 675 
1 440 

809 

!S 

1 332 

560 
300 
252 
(D) 

(Dl 

2 842 

399 
389 
669 
234 
438 
(D) 
(D) 


3 030 

t 711 
536 
577 
149 
38 
15 

2 611 

1 871 
482 
215 
27 
11 

660 

578 
56 
24 
2 

1 992 

1 133 

351 

15 
7 
2 


52 363 

6 575 

7 180 
17 331 

9 922 
4 531 

4 274 

2 550 

23 841 

6 603 
6 293 
6 149 
1 769 
1 340 

3 144 

1 648 
721 

28 522 

3 881 

5 501 
9 787 

4 229 
1 964 

(D) 
(D) 


15 231 


Farms with - 
1 to 9 - 


2 357 




4 416 




2 559 






200 to 499 -._- — - 


1 721 
836 












12 476 


Farms with- 




20 to 49 


3 130 
3 261 




984 








Sd! 


500 to 999 










Farms with- 

10 to 19 " 


784 
354 




(D) 




(D) 


100 to 199 — 

200 to 499 




500 to 999 


: 








2 755 


Farms with- 

1 to 9 — - 

10 to 19 — 


508 
398 
663 






100 to 199 


114 




(0) 




(D) 







Table 27. 

[For meaning ol 



Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 

> and symbols, see introductory text] 





Catlle and calves inventory 








Catlle and calves 


Total 


Cows and heifers that 
had calved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


Cattle and calves sales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with- 
1 to9_ .— 


2 637 

458 
561 
424 
241 
95 
3 

(X) 


119 476 

3 944 
6 262 
17 754 
29 823 
31 844 
26 710 

(X) 


2 271 

650 
382 
503 
401 
238 
93 
3 

(X) 


61 597 

1 945 

2 649 
8 639 

15 919 
17 016 

(X) 


2 025 

450 
366 
478 
404 
234 
89 

(X) 


47 036 

967 
2 085 
6 169 
11 519 
13 624 

(D) 
(X) 


1 666 

493 
340 
418 
229 
125 
58 
2 

(X) 


10 842 

1 528 

2 946 
2 385 
1 204 
1 724 

(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


2 249 

466 
458 
561 
424 
241 
95 
3 

117 


47 254 

2 096 

2 823 
7 366 

11 762 

11 765 

10 266 

(D) 

(D) 

3 103 


742 
1 038 


20 to 49 


2 975 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 to 999 

1,000 to 2,499 

2 500 or more 


3 031 


No inventory 


1 794 



28 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 28. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 





Cattle and calves inventory 








Cows and heifers thai had 
calved 


Total 


Cows and heifers that 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


Cattle and calves sales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms wilh- 


2 271 

655 
387 
310 
181 
333 

93 
17 
2 

366 


113 491 

4 913 

5 432 
7 898 

22 461 

34 815 

22 007 

(D) 

(D) 

5 984 


2 271 

655 
387 
310 
181 

293 
93 

2 
(X) 


61 597 

1 542 

2 487 
4 101 
4 250 

12 719 
19 109 

(D) 
(X) 


1 760 

424 
265 
242 
142 
305 
279 
88 

2 
265 


1 637 

1 683 

2 313 

2 315 

8 725 
14 256 

9 386 

3 662 


1 399 

272 
227 

Vi 

145 
51 
10 

267 


8 520 

1 734 
1 262 
1 484 
906 
1 017 

1 450 
562 

!g 

2 322 


1 989 

400 
360 
310 
181 
333 
293 

?? 
2 

377 


43 770 

3 262 

2 604 

3 159 
2 573 
9 386 

12 495 

7 354 

(D) 

(D) 

6 587 


11 918 

1 163 
912 

1 124 
686 

2 092 

3 392 
1 871 


5 to 9 

10 to 19 

20 to 29 

30 to 49 

SO to 99 


100 to 199 




1 ,000 or more 




3 411 





Table 29. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Cattle and calves inventory 


Beef cows 


Total 


Cows and heifers that had calved 


Heifers and heifer calves 




Total 


Beef cows 


and bull calves 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total inventory _ 

Farms with- 


1 331 

619 
324 
239 
82 
47 
16 
3 

1 306 


30 805 

8 193 
5 772 
7 263 
3 840 
2 897 
1 947 
(D) 
(D) 

88 670 


1 331 

619 
324 
239 
82 
47 
16 
3 

940 


16 180 

3 680 

2 773 

3 911 
2 226 
1 799 
1 081 

(D) 
(D) 

45 417 


1 331 

619 
324 
239 
82 
47 
16 
3 

(X) 


11 782 

1 499 

2 100 

3 048 
1 820 
1 644 

991 

(X) 


904 

405 
217 
182 
51 
36 

1 121 


8 653 

2 777 

1 793 

1 995 

834 

658 

(D) 
38 383 


952 

404 
240 
191 
67 
36 
12 

714 


5 972 

1 736 

1 206 

1 357 

780 

440 

!S 

(D) 


10 10 19 

20 to 29 

30 10 49 _._ 

50 to 99 


100 to 199 

200 10 499 ___. 


1 000 or more 






4 870 






Cattle and calves sales 




Total 


Cattle 


Calves 


Beef cows 


Total 






Farms 




Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
(SI, 000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




1 100 

409 
303 
239 
82 
47 
16 
3 

1 266 


13 152 

4 628 

2 162 

2 918 

1 394 

1 172 

680 

(D) 

(D) 

37 m^ 


4 467 

1 488 
759 

1 034 
457 
354 
308 

IS 


955 

361 
261 
204 
68 
42 
15 
3 


7 235 

2 022 
1 428 

797 
514 

iS 

(D) 


3 469 

962 
645 
882 
366 
276 

(D) 
9 018 


301 

112 
79 

18 
13 
3 

132 


1 742 

573 
310 
418 
131 
142 

IS 

(D) 


902 

283 
143 
218 
59 
90 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


574 

174 
159 
143 
58 
27 
12 

" 
I 


5 917 

2 606 
734 

1 071 
597 
658 


999 

526 

113 
152 
92 
78 
(D) 
(D) 


Famswith- 




10 to 19 

20 to 29 


30 to 49 






200 to 499 


500 to 999 










1 844 





































1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 29 



Table 30. 

[For meaning i 



Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 

I symbols, see introductory text] 





Cattle and calves inventory 




Total 




Cows 


and heiters Itiat had calved 


Heilers and 


heifer calves 


Steers, steer calves, bulls. 


Milk cows 


Total 


Milk cows 


and bull calves 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total inventory ___ -_ 

Farms with- 


1 183 

263 
65 
76 
113 
286 
273 
90 
15 
2 

1 454 


93 983 

3 267 

1 336 

2 044 
5 067 

20 189 
32 696 

21 527 

(D) 
(D) 

25 492 


1 183 

263 
65 
76 
113 
286 
273 
90 
15 
2 

1 088 


51 860 

1 412 
557 

1 179 

2 901 
11 403 
17 832 

(D) 
(D) 

9 737 


1 183 

263 
65 
76 
113 
286 
273 
90 
15 
2 

(X) 


49 815 

450 
403 

1 098 

2 682 

10 979 

11 645 

(D) 
(D) 
(X) 


1 046 

190 
55 
66 

268 
266 

12 
2 

979 


38 444 

1 213 

563 

688 

1 753 

8 136 

13 904 

(D) 
(D) 


624 

168 
40 
43 
57 

12£ 
49 
9 

1 042 


3 679 
642 


5 to 9- 


216 


20 to 29- — 

30 to 49 


650 
960 


100 to 199 - 

200 to 499 — 

500 or more 


528 


No inventory 


7 163 








Cattle and ca 


ves sales 






Dairy product sales 




Total 


Cattle 


Calves 




Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total mvento 


1 105 

187 
63 
76 
113 
286 
273 
90 
15 


34 646 

1 326 

826 

766 

1 691 

8 230 

11 764 

7 206 

(D) 


8 600 

484 

240 

204 

368 

1 780 

3 053 

1 830 


978 

158 
46 
60 
98 
265 
255 
82 
13 

1 109 


14 302 

343 
766 

3 123 

4 895 
2 977 


905 

97 
52 
59 
92 
255 
253 
80 
15 
2 

560 


20 344 

496 
422 
423 
925 

5 107 

6 869 

4 229 

(D) 
(D) 

5 812 


927 

30 
71 
113 
286 
273 
90 
15 
2 

22 


87 258 




75 


5 to 9 — - 

10 to 19 

20 to 29.. — 

30 to 49 


1 382 
3 582 
18 116 
32 019 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 


(D) 






No inventory 


1 26 




15 711 


6 


729 




9 899 


1414 



Table 31. Cattle and Calves-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, se 


introductory t 


exl) 






















Cattle and calves 


Cattle 




Calves 






Total 


Fattened 


on grain and concentrates 






Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total sold 


2 366 

727 
481 
408 
531 
154 
49 
12 
3 


50 357 

1 817 
3 142 

5 488 
16 356 
10 264 

6 354 
3 565 

(D) 
(D) 


15 329 

737 
1 165 

1 723 
4 230 

2 808 
1 824 
1 108 


2 087 

586 
422 
376 
497 
149 
45 
10 
2 


24 201 

1 301 

3 067 
7 525 

4 577 

2 750 


12 487 
635 

1 427 
3 587 

2 437 
1 439 


433 

184 
113 
65 
56 

3 
2 


2 604 

371 
477 
499 
680 
291 
(D) 
(D) 


1 332 

192 
237 
254 

173 


1 465 

255 
253 
299 
454 
145 
43 
12 
3 


26 156 

516 

1 004 

2 421 
8 831 
5 687 

3 604 


2 842 


FarrSswlth-"""" " 


102 


5 to 9 




10 to 19 






fS 






100 to 199 

200 10 499 


!? 


1,000 or more.. 





Table 32. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 












1987 


1982 




Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




421 

372 
14 
16 
9 

7 

1 

158 
146 

I 

1 

373 


8 999 

474 
1 116 

1 633 

850 
172 

7 366 


804 

750 
28 

268 

257 

7 
3 

728 


8 586 


Farms with - 
1 to 24 


3 100 
901 
838 


100 to 199... 

200 to 499.. 

500 to 999 


1 610 
(D) 






5 000 or more 






1 796 




'S' 


25 to 49 
















Other hogs and pigs 


6 790 



30 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 33. Hogs and Pigs— Sales: 1987 and 1982 



1 symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




295 

201 
42 
26 
13 
6 

3 

88 

13 
48 
13 

5 

1 

260 

221 
16 

12 

2 


13 905 

1 165 
1 397 
1 732 
1 791 

1 579 

2 260 

3 981 

7 322 

75 
1 255 
843 
497 
1 228 
(D) 
(D) 

6 583 

1 076 

1 044 

(D) 


1 064 

96 
127 

154 
107 
70 
367 

253 

2 
38 

i? 
43 

!§ 

812 

165 
65 
93 

115 

is 


450 

352 
49 
29 

g 

8 
2 

1 

152 

46 
77 

"5 
4 
2 

384 

(NA) 
(NA) 

Sna! 

(NA) 


12 067 

2 408 
1 659 
1 923 

6 623 

221 
1 632 
1 226 

605 

i§ 

5 444 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 




1 to 24 

25 to 49 _ _ 

50 to 99. ._ 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 — 

500 to 999 

1.000 10 1.999 


235 
150 
133 
(D) 
153 
(D) 
(D) 














51 
36 
18 

IS 


50 to 99 


100 to 199 


500 to 999::;:::::::;::::::::::::::;::::::::::::::::::::: 








Farms wilti- 
1 to 24 


(NA) 

P! 

(NA) 
(NA) 

P! 

(NA) 
(NA) 


25 to 49 








500 to 999 


1 000 to 1 999 


2,000 to 4,999 





Table 34. Hogs and Pigs— Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 










Utters 


,„, 


1982 


Famis 


Number of litters 


Famis 


Number of litters 




167 

14 

2 
3 

151 
125 


1 756 

418 
264 
367 

li 

882 
874 


289 

258 
19 
6 

; 

256 

148 


1 681 


10 to 19 ___ ___ 

20 to 49 


259 




IS 


100 to 199____ 

200 to 499 






Dec. 1 of preceding year and May 31 

June 1 and Nov. 30 


983 
698 



Table 35. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and 


symbols, see introductory 


ext] 






















Hogs and pigs inventory 






Hogs and 


pigs sales 






Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Tow inventory 

Farms witti- 
1 to 9 


421 

330 
42 
30 
9 

7 
2 

(X) 


1 094 
564 

1 164 
1 830 

!S 

(X) 


158 

85 
29 
28 
8 
6 
2 

(X) 


1 633 

271 
212 
325 
374 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


373 

290 

29 
9 

7 
2 

(X) 


7 366 

823 

352 

1 265 

790 

!S 

(D) 
(X) 


247 

156 
42 

30 
9 

7 
2 

48 


13 587 

1 811 

1 310 

2 130 
1 928 

3 101 

318 


1 021 

148 
124 
135 
115 
166 

iS 

43 


86 
38 

2 


(D) 

1 007 

388 

1 380 

1 060 

ig 
(D) 


(D) 
32 


10 to 24 


12 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 to 999 


i 


No inventory 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 31 



Table 36. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 



IFor meaning of abbreviations and 


symbols, see introductory text) 






















Hogs and pigs inventory 


Hogs and pigs sales 


Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Ottier tiogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




247 

124 
72 
25 
13 
6 

3 


8 554 

629 

921 

1 156 

1 241 

1 066 

2 440 

445 


132 

23 
61 
25 
12 

5 

2 
26 


1 584 

84 

305 
227 
182 

!S 

49 


210 

118 
50 
19 
10 
6 

163 


6 970 

545 
638 
851 
874 
1 059 

iS 

396 


295 

164 
79 
26 
13 
6 

3 

(X) 


13 905 

573 

1 732 
1 791 
1 579 

3 981 

m 


1 064 

92 
148 
127 
154 
107 

70 
367 

(X) 


10 
46 
15 
6 

5 

2 
(X) 


7 322 

63 
1 063 
887 
637 
1 040 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 




Farms with- 


2 


10 to 49 


32 


100 to 199 

200 to 499... 

500 to 999 


26 
35 


None sold 


(X) 







Table 37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Litters Farrowed: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and 


symbols, see introductory text) 




























Hogs and pigs inventory 








Hogs and 


3igs sales 




Litters farrowed 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


($1,000^ 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total litters farrowed 

Farms with- 


163 

30 
59 
33 
21 

2 
3 

1 

258 


6 307 

145 

474 

609 

1 311 

1 762 

(D) 

2 692 


158 

57 
32 
21 
14 
2 
3 


43 
191 
223 
301 
372 

is 


115 

24 

24 

12 
2 

3 

258 


4 674 
102 

1 010 

1 390 

(D) 
225 
(D) 

2 692 


140 

2 
3 

155 


11 253 
127 

1 334 

1 755 

2 376 

(D) 

2 184 

(D) 

2 652 


712 

12 
63 
100 
137 
146 

'?i 
(D) 
353 


88 

7 
32 
22 
10 

2 
3 


7 322 

46 
659 
786 
615 
1 584 
(D) 

(D) 


253 




20 






10 to 19 

20 to 49 

50 10 99 


20 
56 
(D) 


200 or more 


(D) 














L 


tters farrowed between Dec 


1,1986 


, and Nov. 30, 1987 






Litters farrowed 


Total 


Dec. 1. 1986. an 


dMay3 


, 1987 


Junel, 1987, and Nov. 30, 


987 




Farms 


Litters 


Farms 


Litters 


Farms 


Litters 


Total litters farrowed 

Farms witti- 


167 

31 
61 
34 
21 

2 
3 


1 756 

31 
166 
221 
264 
367 

(D) 
367 


151 

25 
56 
30 
20 

2 

3 




882 

25 
85 
113 
152 

(D) 
124 


125 

6 
53 
29 
17 

2 
3 




874 
6 


2 to 4 


81 


5 to 9 


108 




112 




164 


50 to 99 


(D) 


100 to 199 




200 or more 




(C 


) 






1 


(D) 


(D) 



Table 38. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Sheep and lambs inventory 

Farms with - 
1 to 24 

25 to 99 


559 

383 

147 

26 

3 

495 

504 
(X) 

508 
549 


15 606 

3 882 
6 359 

1 200 

9 915 

12 905 
104 438 

11 933 
879 


623 

425 
164 
27 

541 
524 
(X) 

505 
561 


17 308 

4 076 
7 119 




3 724 


300 to 999 

1 000 to 2 499 


2 389 


2 500 or more 






11 709 




13 838 




94 519 
10 344 


Value of sales from sheep lambs and wool ($1 000) 


731 







32 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 




















Sheep and la 






Sheep and lambs shorn 


Sales 


Sheep and lambs 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Sheep 


and lambs 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 




Farms 




Fam,s 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
wool 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 


383 
147 
26 

(X) 


15 606 

3 882 
6 359 

4 165 

(X) 


495 

320 

146 

26 

3 

(X) 


9 915 

2 531 

tilt 
770 

(X) 


491 

316 
146 
26 

13 


12 724 

3 489 

5 268 

3 057 

910 

181 


102 889 

27 650 
42 214 
25 976 
7 049 

1 549 


479 

303 
147 
26 

29 


11 368 

3 443 

4 583 
2 742 

600 

565 


520 

344 

26 
3 

29 


855 

220 

74 




25 10 99:::::.:::::.:::::: 


100 to 299 

300 to 999 


1 000 to 2 499 


2,500 to 4,999 






24 





Table 40. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Sheep and lambs inventory 










sales 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 




nd lambs.,,.,,, 


Sheep and lambs 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds o( 
wool 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




495 

387 
96 

2 
64 


15 297 
6 005 

•1 

309 


495 

387 
96 
10 
2 

(X) 


9 915 

3 703 

4 162 

(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


473 

365 

96 
10 
2 

31 


12 560 

5 166 
5 263 

345 


101 585 

40 916 

45 745 

(D) 

(D) 

2 853 


447 

339 
96 
10 
2 

61 


10 959 

4 817 

!R! 
(D) 

974 


484 

376 
96 

to 

2 
65 




Farms wHh- 
1 to 24 




25 to 99 






iS 


200 10 499 

500 to 999 


1 000 to 2 499 




2,500 to 4,999 


- 











1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 33 



Table 41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products— inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text) 







.n.en.0. 


Sales 


Item 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 






1 349 

6 324 

's^ 

96 
(X) 

229 

7 313 

(X) 

S^ 

(X) 

191 
1 255 
9 
51 
(X) 
(X) 

(X) 
610 

B 

594 
(X) 

334 
lS 

i 

(X) 


1 382 

5 498 

?1> 
54 
(X) 

274 

6 182 

(X) 

(X) 

266 
1 716 

5 
35 

(X) 

2?^ 

1 276 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 
(X) 
51 
405 
(X) 

2 

(D) 
(X) 

5 837 
(X) 

(X) 
(X) 
(NA) 
(X) 


252 
1 127 
1 013 

8 
(D) 

16 
461 

86 
305 472 

92 
207 

64 

523 

5 

39 

158 
3 

19 261 

39 
80 

250 

669 

23 

68 

16 645 

62 

235 
8 
(D) 


245 


Mules, burros, and donkeys 


number.. 

$1.000.. 

farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 


1 031 
1 067 

15 




larmsll 


1 078 
59 




pounds.. 


323 156 




$1,000_. 


255 




number.. 


898 




number.. 


'I 




pounds- 
farms. 


(D) 
(NA) 




$1,000.. 


I<?i' 




number.. 
farms 


767 


Milk goats and goats milk sold 


gallons.. 
famis.. 

^^rs:: 


26 247 
'^1 




number.. 
$1.000.. 


110 
3 

4 




number.. 

^'r:: 


692 
4I 


Fisti and other aquaculture products sold 


number.. 
$1,000.. 

farms.- 

$1,000.. 

fnmu 


19 964 
36 

109 
(NA) 


$1.000.. 


(D) 



34 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 42 Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Crop 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Value of 

production' 

($1,000) 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


production' 
($1,000) 


Com for grain or seed (bushels) _ — 

Corn lor silage or green chop or cut for dry fodder, hogged or 

grazed 

Sorghum lor grain or seed (bushels) 

Sorghum for silage or green chop, cut for dry forage or hay, or 

hogged or grazed 

Wheat for gram (bushels) 


5 486 
80 

544 
20 

33 
40 
535 
21 

[ 

72 

839 

3 672 
509 
394 

739 

370 
46 


410 891 
5 342 

28 711 
495 

533 

756 

35 548 

392 

1 509 
83 26? 

221 675 
9 727 
7 405 

24 303 

752 
1 407 


(X) 
485 087 

(X) 
(X) 

25 012 

40 177 

2 728 024 

14 979 

16 263 
22 412 030 

393 393 
(X) 
(X) 

(X) 


198 265 
825 

5 314 
64 
63 

2 864 

276 
106 457 

26 347 
8 221 
14 129 

21 784 

11 582 
262 


6 136 
126 

690 

37 
34 
679 
36 

1 

9 

115 

1 134 

_ 

4 290 
535 

792 

339 
(NA) 


457 076 

32 517 

546 

805 

703 

40 971 

939 

I?i 
1 965 

99 251 

241 490 
11 278 
7 772 

19 584 

558 

(NA) 


(X) 
647 910 

(X) 
(X) 

35 394 

35 769 

2 514 472 

24 924 

(D) 
2 986 
24 744 

24 556 322 

414 555 
(X) 
(X) 

(X) 

(X) 
(X) 


164 182 
1 490 

9 727 
35 










Rye for grain (bushels) 


50 






Sunflower seed (pounds) 

Soybeans lor beans (bushels) .. 


(D) 
18 










Tobacco (pounds) 


- 


Sweetpotatoes (bushels) 

Pineapples haroested (tons) _.. 

Sugar beets lor sugar (tons) .__ 


= 


Hay-alfalla, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop. 


25 839 




5 313 






Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms, and sod grown for sale 




Other crops 


(D) 



1 are estimated; see text. 



Table 43. Specified Crops Harvested -Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Entire crop irrigated 



Part of crop irrigated 



None of crop irrigated 



Com for grain or seed (bushels) 

Corn for silage or green chop (tons, green) _. 

Sorghum for grain or seed (bushels) 

Wheat for grain (bushels) 

Oats for grain (bushels) _. 

Barley for grain (bushels) 

Rice (cwt) 

Soybeans for beans (bushels) 

Peanuts for nuts (pounds) _ 

Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) 

Cotton (bales) _ 

Tobacco (pounds) 

Irish potatoes (cwt) _ 

Sugar beets for sugar (tons) 

Sugarcane for sugar (tons) 

Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) 

Small grain hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see 

(tons, dry) __ 

Wild hay (tons, dry) _. 

Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay (tons, green) .. 

Alfalfa seed (pounds) 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) __ 

Land in orchards 



136 843 
24 979 
31 478 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 35 



Table 44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations i 



! introductory text) 



Corn for gram or seed (bushels) 

Corn lor silage or green chop (tons, green) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres-- 

25 to 49 acres. 

50 to 99 acres.— 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 acres or more 

Oats for grain (bushels) 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 acres or mors 

Irish potatoes (cwt) 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

5.0 to 14.9 acres 

15.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 49.9 acres 

50.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 to 499,9 acres 

500.0 acres or more 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 

silage, green chop, etc, (see text)(tons, dry) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres -.. 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

1.000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 to 2,999 acres 

3,000 to 4,999 acres 

5,000 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) 

Small gram hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay (see text)(tons, dry) 

1 to 14 acres 

25 to 49 acresm""I""II""IIIIIIIII"I" 
50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

Wild hay (tons, dry) 

Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay (tons, 
green) 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

1.0 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 14.9 acres 

15.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 49.9 acres 

50.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250,0 to 499,9 acres 

500.0 to 749,9 acres 

750.0 10 999 9 acres 

1,000.0 acres or more 

1,0000 to 1,999,9 acres. 

2,000.0 to 2,999.9 acres.. 

3.000.0 acres or more 

Sweet com 

Green peas, excluding green cowpeas 

Tame bluebemes (pounds) 

Wild 

Land in orchards. 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

1.0 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 14.9 acres ... 
15.0 to 24.9 acres .. 
25.0 to 49.9 acres .. 
50.0 to 99,9 acres .. 
100.0 to 249.9 acres 
250.0 to 499.9 acres 
500.0 to 749.9 acres 
750.0 to 999,9 acres 
1 ,000,0 acres or mon 

1,000,0 to 1.999,9 

2,000 to 2,999,9 

3,000.0 acres or m 



5 342 


485 087 


28 711 


442 833 


1 024 




1 615 


25 042 


4 062 


58 748 


6 955 


110 136 






(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 








56 642 


1 109 


80 740 


4 452 


320 680 






13 046 


980 817 




470 523 


(D) 


(D) 




(D) 


83 261 


22 412 030 


13 


1 881 


155 




527 


134 998 



50 160 
85 705 
35 148 



23 836 


51 166 


4 436 


5 359 


36 898 


240 584 


3 270 


5 531 






21 235 


34 949 


38 279 


71 276 






13 184 


18 230 



31 478 
9 727 



2 107 

3 615 
2 426 



8 020 


647 910 






1 255 


16 722 


1 720 


24 480 


5 752 


79 434 










(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


40 971 


2 514 472 


1 196 


62 531 


2 317 








8 787 


533 643 


15 203 


937 949 


4 115 


269 275 


4 500 


314 200 


99 251 


24 556 322 






197 


31 420 


504 


97 091 


1 126 


241 088 


5 046 


1 179 535 






39 678 


9 815 664 


20 872 


5 374 650 


8 999 


2 424 332 


541 490 


414 555 










34 899 


53 295 


56 133 


98 396 






30 591 


53 479 


6 358 


10 964 



60 072 


274 091 


5 256 


8 187 








43 409 


45 361 


81 502 




105 754 






3 340 


5 940 



36 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



> Introductory text] 



Crop 


Total 


Trees or vines not of 
bearing age 


Trees or vines of 
bearing age 


Han/ested 




Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


1987 acres harvested: 


386 
400 

50 
156 
88 
21 
28 
27 
16 

51 
189 
68 

28 
16 
20 


7 293 

20 
357 
756 
410 
942 
1 763 

3 046 

24 

427 

561 

501 

1 005 

1 090 

4 026 


648 653 
590 770 

1 290 

21 475 
61 650 
24 784 
69 784 

139 120 
330 550 

1 296 

22 898 
32 972 
24 753 
68 775 

100 726 
339 351 


277 
295 

34 
113 
70 
12 

19 
12 

40 
125 
58 
19 
21 


134 649 
133 027 

658 
10 363 
26 084 
4 369 
20 872 
32 280 
40 023 

715 

13 401 
6 397 
16 669 
25 006 
59 940 


333 
336 

128 
75 
21 
27 
27 
16 

36 
156 
56 
25 
27 
16 
20 


514 004 
457 743 

632 
11 112 
35 566 
20 415 
48 912 
106 840 
290 527 

581 
11 999 
19 571 
18 356 
52 106 
75 719 
279 411 


267 
241 

24 
91 
62 
21 
26 
27 
16 

22 

89 
45 
22 
27 
16 
20 


70 609 358 
90 293 322 

31 828 

1 096 803 
3 974 969 

2 821 148 
7 736 271 

18 978 219 
35 970 120 

14 236 
720 477 
2 287 499 
2 756 268 
10 377 217 
16 377 518 
57 760 107 






1 5 to 24 9 acres 








1 to 9 acres 






15,0 to 24.9 acres 

25 to 49 9 acres 









Table 46. 



Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, IMusiirooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



I of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Nursery and greenfiouse crops, musfirooms. and sod 

grown for sale (see text) _ 1987_ 

1982. 
1987 value of sales: 

$1 to $2,499 sales. .- 

$2,500 to $9,999 sales 

$10,000 to $39,999 sales 

$40,000 to $99,999 sales 

$100,000 to $199,999 sales 

$200,000 to $499,999 sales 

$500,000 sales or more __ 

Bedding plants 1987. 

1982. 

Foliage and potted flowering plants, total 1987. 

1982. 

Foliage plants 1987. 

Potled flowering plants _ 1987. 

Nursery crops 1987. 

1982. 



391 416 

46 226 
162 512 
423 526 
544 646 
230 700 
104 700 
148 600 



74 875 
324 213 
80 507 



2 726 

2 930 
2 272 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 37 



Table 47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations { 



I symbols, see introductory t 



Charactenstics 



r of farms accounting for- 



) percent of sales 



25 percent of sales 50 percent of sales 



percent. 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm .._ _. .acres. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms. 

$1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment $1,000. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland acres. 

Harvested cropland acres. 

Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured acres. 

IVIarket value of agricultural products sold $1,000. 

Average per farm _ dollars. 

Grains _ _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 
Tobacco - farms. 

$1,000. 
Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melon farms. 

$1,000. 
Fruits, nuts, and bernes..- farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 
Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 
Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Total farm production expenses' farms. 

$1,000. 
Selected farm production expenses': 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Feed for livestock and poultry _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Commercial fertilizer _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 
Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Interest farms. 

$1,000. 

Payments from government programs farms 

$1,000. 

Inventory of selected livestock: 
Cattle and calves farms. 

Milk cows farms. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 



6 269 

100.0 

342 588 



8 221 

914 

30 660 





1 


324 276 


(D) 


1 742 


1 






3 197 


1 


94 386 


(D) 


3 252 




16 437 


(D) 


2 821 




11 996 


(D) 


5 857 


1 


12 827 


(D) 


4 574 






(D) 


3 108 


1 


51 613 


(D) 


2 753 




15 455 


(D) 



28 467 

163 

5 755 



I sample of farms. 



38 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



This page is intentionally blank to preserve table continuity. 



1987CENSUSOF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA MAINE 39 



Table 48. 



Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 

i and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

Land in farms .acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less tfian $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2.499 

$2,500 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $49.999.. 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999. 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain (arms. 

$1,000. 
Wlieat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorgfium for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Otfier grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1 ,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

'$1,000^ 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops... farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farnis. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 

40 MAINE 



30 660 

96 

23 228 



29 878 
27 307 



70 286 

125 

69 634 



16 829 

143 

13 425 



1 786 
228 943 
128 187 



16 910 

44 

15 807 



60 128 

270 

58 369 



2 621 

41.8 

871 002 



2 621 
395 352 
150 840 



1 289 
156 217 
121 192 



7 941 
5 923 


2 952 
(D) 


289 
29 661 

177 
27 307 


352 
60 086 

270 
58 369 


166 
70 167 

125 
69 634 


57 
56 988 

26 
56 931 


265 
13 425 


570 
69 405 

431 
64 980 


432 

3 543 

6 


697 

9 035 

20 

3 091 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



i with sales of $10,000 or r 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Stieep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

Jl.OOO. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm.. dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms- 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999.. 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999. 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000, 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000, 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



13 070 

5 

11 832 


12 806 
(D) 


6 266 
324 276 
51 752 


4 186 
133 365 
31 860 


1 742 
21 876 


12 512 


1 332 


823 



5 232 

6 421 
3 268 



2 559 
304 135 
118 849 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 41 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or t 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses -Con. 






Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 








$5 000 to $24 999 


245 


$25 000 or more 


12 




. farms.. 
$1,000.. 




Farms with expenses of- 


51 613 
1 922 






$25,000 to $99,999 

$100 000 or more 


362 

57 


Contract labor 

Farms with expenses of- 


. farms.. 
$1,000-. 


906 
4 978 






$5 000 to $24 999 


148 


$25 000 or more 


25 


Repair and maintenance 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


5 381 
19 687 






$25 000 to $49 999 


76 


$50 000 or more 


28 


Customwork, machine hire, and rental o 
machinery and equipment 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


- farms.. 
$1,000.. 


1 444 
3 052 

870 


$1 000 to $4 999 


430 












-$^w:: 




Farms with expenses o(- 
$1 to $4 999 


15 455 
2 036 
















. farms.. 
$1,000.. 




Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 


11 312 
521 


$1 .000 to $4,999 


969 


$5 000 to $24 999 


477 








'"$i%oo;; 


1 445 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


4 143 
800 










$25 000 or more 


12 


Cash rent - 

Farms with expenses of- 


""$i,oooi; 


1 287 
3 845 






$10 000 to $24,999 


52 


$25 000 or more 


18 




.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 




$1 to $4,999 


11 460 










$25 000 or more 




All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses of - 

$1 to $4,999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


5 630 
38 383 

4 512 


$25 000 to $49 999 


166 


$50 000 or more 


121 


See footnotes at end of table. 







42 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



) of abbreviations £ 



I symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10,000 c 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms-- - — number. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with net gains^ number. 

Average net gain — dollars. 

Gain of- 

Less than $1,000-- -- 

$1,000 to $9,999 -- 

$10,000 to $49,999 — 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number. 

Average net loss dollars. 

Loss of- 

Less than $1,000 

$1,000 to $9,999 -- - 

$10,000 to $49,999 _ 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments.-- farms. 

$1,000. 

Other farm-related income' farms. 

$1,000. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services --- farms- 

$1,000. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms- 

$1,000- 

Forest products and Christmas trees farms- 

$1,000. 

Other famn-related income sources farms. 

$1,000- 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms. 

$1,000. 
Corn farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat -. farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms. 

$1,000- 
Cotlon farms- 

$1,000. 
Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey... farms. 

$1 ,000- 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland - farms. 

acres. 

Harvested cropland famis- 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested; 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres .- 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more 

Cropland: 
Pasture or grazing only farms. 

In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 

On which all crops failed farms. 

acres. 
In cultivated summer fallow farms. 

acres. 

acres. 

Total woodland — - farms. 

Woodland pastured farms. 

Woodland not pastured farms. 

acres. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



410 891 
3 273 



36 102 

2 856 

347 617 



326 585 

1 716 

243 734 



2 559 
63 806 
32 750 



33 202 

1 784 

314 605 



159 345 

198 

14 245 

662 

145 100 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 43 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory t 



Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 


larnis 


Cropland under lederal acreage reduction 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 


acres. - 




ac^es.- 




acres.. 




$1.000.. 
dollars 


Average per aore 




Farms by value group: 




$70 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $149 999 




$200 000 to $499 999 


$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1.999.999 

$2 000 000 to $4 999 999 


$5,000,000 or more_. 



Estimated market value of all machinery 


farnis 




$1,000.. 


$5 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $19 999 












SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 










number.. 






40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


number.. 
.. (arms.. 




farms 




number.. 


Mower conditionets 


number.. 
.. (arms.. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. ( 
Insects on hay and other crops .. 



1 crops 

Diseases in crops and orchards 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 



6 266 
320 729 
210 777 



5 537 
12 236 

5 597 
14 260 



2 326 
2 708 
2 925 



8 314 
1 079 
72 535 



1 136 
1 464 
1 557 



1 788 
571 751 
319 771 



78 200 

66 

5 854 

324 

40 137 



40 673 

139 291 

1 038 



1 135 
3 008 
1 102 
3 371 



21 354 

520 
36 448 



77 271 

66 

5 854 

274 

39 611 



44 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



Black and other r 



Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned 

Owned land in farms 



Land rented or leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 



Land rented or leased to others. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of 
On farm operated ... 
Not on farm operated 
Not reported 



Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Other ..;;;";];i;;;;;iiiiiiii 



Operators by days of work off farm: 



1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days.., 
200 days or more . 



Operators by years on present farm: 



Average years on present farm . 



50 to 54 years . 

55 to 59 years _ 
60 to 64 years . 
65 to 69 years . 
70 years and ov 
Average age . 

Operators by sex: 
Male 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 
Partnership 



6 002 
167 728 

5 997 
148 150 

2 073 

196 037 

2 058 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



440 445 

1 786 

435 912 

1 786 
159 887 

1 786 
159 225 



2 465 
723 861 

2 463 
713 325 



1 174 

1 174 

1 172 

1 172 



1 174 
379 905 

1 174 
376 069 



336 925 

115 

61 384 



MAINE 45 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







All farms 




Farms with sales 


f $10,000 or mor 




Item 


Total 


Full owners 




Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


FARMS BY SIZE 


419 
1 029 
515 
564 
812 
562 
409 
321 
1 028 
474 
106 
30 

70 
1 730 

1 730 

230 
780 
290 
280 

1 434 
789 

862 
216 
315 

62 

2 637 
119 475 

854 

1 019 
424 
241 

95 

2 271 
61 597 

1 331 

11 782 

943 

368 

16 

3 

1 183 

49 815 

263 
65 
475 
273 
90 
15 
2 

2 025 
47 036 

1 666 

10 842 

2 366 

50 357 
15 329 

1 465 
26 156 

2 842 
2 087 

24 201 

12 487 
433 

2 604 
1 332 


359 
782 
395 
425 
592 
395 
282 
181 
526 
225 
37 
12 

1 074 

1 074 
645 

i^ 

1 042 
572 

275 
185 
264 

38 

1 487 
36 860 

629 

642 
152 
54 
10 

1 217 

17 992 

858 

7 080 

643 

200 

12 

2 

1 

487 
10 912 

177 
50 

193 
58 
9 

1 063 
13 028 

5 840 

1 278 
16 511 
5 267 

687 
7 427 

951 

9 084 
4 316 

261 
1 323 

687 


21 
170 

86 
120 
184 
146 

487 
242 
67 
16 

18 
536 

536 

68 
100 
22 
37 

363 
199 

553 
28 

20 

1 074 
79 668 

201 

349 
252 

84 

985 

42 040 

441 

4 498 

277 
159 

37 542 

78 

253 
210 
80 
15 

2 

898 
32 798 

659 
4 830 

1 018 

32 604 

9 768 

725 

18 059 

1 842 

917 

14 545 

7 926 

164 

1 248 

625 


39 
77 
34 
19 
36 
21 
13 

15 
7 
2 
2 

8 

120 

15 
35 
9 

5 

29 

34 
3 

4 

76 
2 947 

24 
28 
20 
3 

69 

1 565 

32 

204 

23 
9 

1 361 

8 

29 
5 

64 
1 210 

48 
172 

70 

1 242 

295 

53 
670 

49 

59 

572 

246 

8 

21 


104 
228 
115 
125 
264 
219 
176 
195 
710 
362 
93 
30 

799 

799 

346 
146 

170 
100 

828 
171 
29 

11 

1 180 
100 151 

87 
370 
388 
236 

95 

1 088 

53 332 

309 

4 494 

170 
125 

2 

882 
48 838 

29 
15 
458 
273 
90 
15 
2 

1 036 
40 679 

673 
6 140 

1 172 
42 907 
12 826 

899 
23 283 

2 411 
1 066 

19 624 

10 415 

122 

1 539 

838 


95 
157 
64 
72 
157 
128 
86 
77 
280 
135 
26 
12 

341 

341 

34 
253 
128 

7 

98 
56 

253 
143 
24 

1 

440 
23 906 

45 
206 
129 
50 
10 

386 

12 636 

147 

2 378 

79 
59 

276 

10 258 

15 
10 
184 
58 
9 

8 673 

270 

2 597 

432 

11 337 

3 543 
298 

5 433 
677 
388 
5 904 
2 866 
61 
(D) 
(D) 


32 
28 
38 
86 
74 
78 

421 
220 
66 
16 

10 

373 

46 
75 

66 

542 
25 
5 

9 

699 
73 634 

40 
149 
239 
183 

84 

663 

39 297 

156 

2 058 

89 
62 

569 
37 239 

12 

246 
210 
80 
15 
2 

635 
30 883 

382 

3 454 

697 

30 433 

9 035 

565 

17 220 

1 695 

637 

13 213 

7 340 

59 

842 

445 












70 to 99 acres 


15 
21 




17 


180 to 219 acres 


12 


220 to 259 acres 












1 000 to 1 999 acres 








FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 


3 






Cotton (0131) 




Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, ne.c. (0133, 0134, 0139) 


5 














Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 










33 






Animal specialties (027) 




LIVESTOCK 










2 611 
2 


50 to 99 


20 


100 to 199 


3 










Cov»s and heifers that had calved .... 
Beef cows 

Farms vmth- 
1 to 9 


.. farms., 
number.. 
.. farms.. 


39 

6 
58 

2 






100 to 199 

200 to 499 


'_ 








Farms with- 


number.. 


1 341 
2 


sSs::::::::::::::::::::::::;:;:::::;: 








50 to 99 


5 


100 to 199 






- 






Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 


.. farms., 
number.. 

farms 


38 

1 123 

21 


Cattle and calves sold 


farms 


89 
43 


Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


number.. 
$1.000.. 
.. farms., 
number.. 
$1,000.. 
.. farms., 
number.. 
$1,000.. 

$i.ooo" 


1 137 
248 

36 
630 

40 

507 
208 

i 



46 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 




760 515 

176 

3 255 082 



11 469 335 



10 204 

800 

28 

5 072 



1 333 187 

125 

6 594 657 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 47 



Table 48 Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbol 


, see introductory text] 




















.farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 




Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


CROPS HARVESTED 


. farms- 
acres.. 


544 
28 711 
442 833 

223 

228 

85 

6 

2 

535 

35 548 

2 728 024 

3 

150 

839 

83 261 

22 412 030 

34 

3 485 

120 
118 
285 
249 
67 

3 672 

221 675 

393 393 

13 

184 

1 322 

600 
112 

2 494 
136 898 
240 584 

3 
(D) 

509 
9 727 

776 

294 

52 
16 
6 

394 

7 405 

21 

177 

206 

117 
55 

6 

739 
24 303 

711 


142 
3 909 

58 767 

87 
49 

248 

13 966 

1 034 300 

2 

(D) 

367 

26 539 

6 845 354 

9 

(D) 

79 
63 
124 

16 

2 300 

88 752 

146 272 

9 

92 

1 082 
1 Oil 

IB 

1 479 

59 483 
98 192 

3 
(D) 

305 

2 736 

39 
185 

213 
72 
15 
3 
2 

313 

3 816 

15 
114 

173 
100 

595 

9 703 

65 

538 


388 
24 205 
374 740 

170 
79 

2 

259 

20 119 

1 570 841 

(D) 

369 

50 993 

14 105 345 

23 

2 366 

32 
26 
115 
146 
50 

1 281 
125 801 
235 185 

220 
577 
388 
89 

7 

948 
72 314 
134 143 

176 

6 744 

30 

566 

67 
57 

13 

3 381 

(D) 

27 
15 
19 
5 
5 

106 

12 884 

22 

169 


597 
9 326 

5 
9 

28 

1 463 

122 883 

103 

5 729 

1 461 331 

2 

(D) 

9 
29 
46 
18 

91 

7 122 
11 936 

20 
43 
23 
5 

67 
5 101 

8 249 

28 
248 

25 

14 

2 

10 

209 

2 

(D) 

6 
2 

38 

1 716 

5 

5 


27 928 
433 113 

157 

221 

85 

6 

2 

436 

33 965 

2 625 926 

3 

150 

720 

82 748 

22 306 015 

33 

(D) 

79 
284 
249 

67 

1 374 
145 806 
291 377 

190 
578 
493 
106 

1 071 
88 972 
172 609 

235 

8 988 

39 

675 

62 
100 
51 
16 
6 

145 

6 333 

8 

139 

28 
50 
51 

6 

301 

21 077 

49 

612 


95 

iS 

45 
6 

180 
12 785 
962 751 

,o1 

26 252 
6 782 132 

8 
(D) 

20 

123 
85 
16 

546 
39 057 

123 
274 
132 

415 

27 845 
53 919 

100 

2 235 

14 

(D) 

37 
43 
15 
3 
2 

95 

2 848 

5 

(D) 

20 
39 

208 

7 055 

28 


364 
23 994 
372 172 

109 

168 

79 

6 

2 

232 

19 813 

1 549 719 

(D) 

50 914 

23 

2 366 

21 
20 
115 
146 
50 

780 
102 119 
203 711 

62 

345 
86 

620 
57 749 
112 402 

126 

6 603 

23 

533 

24 
50 
35 
13 

45 

3 285 

3 
(D) 

7 

19 
5 
5 

76 

12 577 

19 

(D) 


12 


ton 
Irngated 

Farms by acres hareested: 


(D) 
(D) 




9 














Oats lor gram _ 

Irngated -- 

Irish potatoes -- 


. farms- 
acres.. 

bushels.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 

" acres- 
cwt__ 


13i^ 
113 456 

80 

S 582 

1 432 399 

2 


Farms by acres harvested: 


acres.. 


(D) 






P-Pn 1 qq 9 acres' 


46 




18 






Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) 

Irngated 

Farms by acres harvested: 


. farms. - 
ons, dry.. 


48 
4 630 
8 749 

5 




24 
16 


250 to 499 acres 








Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain 
and wild hay (see teict) 

'■•"galed—- 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) , 
Irrigated - 

Farms by acres harvested: 


. farms-. 

acres.. 

ons, dry.. 

. farms. - 

.. farms.. 

.. fa'rms- 
acres.. 


36 
3 378 
6 288 

9 
150 

.o1 








1 














5 








Farms by beanng and nonbearing acres 
1 to 4 9 acres 


acres.. 


; 








1 


100,0 to 249 9 acres 

250 acres or more 


1 




farms 


17 




acres.. 

farms 


2 







I agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less t 



48 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Total sales (see text) 

Average per farm 

Farms by value of sales; 



$1,000 to $2,499 ,._ 
$2,500 to $4,999 ... 
$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 



$20,000 to $24,999 . 
$25,000 to $39,999 . 
$40,000 to $49,999 . 



$100,000 to $249,999. 



Grains 


farms 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Wheat 


$1,000. 
farms 


Soybeans 


$1,000- 


Sorghum for grain 

Barley 


$1,000. 

... farms. 
$1,000. 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000. 

... farms. 

$1,000. 


Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000. 


Hay, silage, and field seeds 


$1,000. 
farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 

Vegetables, sweet com. and melons 


$1,000. 

... farms. 

$1,000. 

"'"$1%'oo: 




$1,000. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000. 


Poultry and poultry products 

Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000. 

... farms. 
$1,000. 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Cattle and calves 

Sales ot $50,000 or more 


$1,000- 

"'"$i%oo; 

... farms. 

$1,000. 



8 221 

29 

5 005 

914 

30 660 

96 

23 228 



95 811 

488 

90 302 



88 672 

594 

80 387 



5 594 
243 337 
43 500 



12 107 

53 

5 756 



62 483 
465 

55 374 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



15 733 

35 

15 308 



54 462 

60 
12 325 



MAINE 49 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 







Total 


Individual 
or family 




Corporation 




Item 


Total 


Family 


held 


Other than family held 


Other- 
cooperative. 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 


trust, 
etc. 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD -Con. 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 




295 

1 064 

3 

367 

549 
879 

477 

13 070 

5 

11 832 

6 266 
324 276 
51 752 

1 742 
21 876 

1 332 
280 

19 

3 197 
94 386 

2 124 
598 
354 
121 

2 044 
63 160 

1 142 
548 
219 
135 

2 525 

10 684 

1 505 
543 

3 252 
16 437 

2 451 
666 

98 
37 

2 821 

11 996 

2 226 

513 
50 
32 

5 857 

12 827 

5 242 

577 

30 

8 

5 232 

6 421 

3 268 

4 252 

87 
105 

4 128 
2 049 


274 

1 018 

3 

367 

506 
770 

1 334 
3 
(D) 

34 391 

1 602 
14 067 

1 253 
253 

13 

2 872 
53 527 

2 006 
511 
262 
93 

1 753 
47 125 

1 022 
470 
159 
102 

2 201 
7 345 

1 389 
442 
315 

55 

2 871 
11 379 

2 255 
548 
53 
15 

2 445 
7 562 

2 002 
410 
23 
10 

5 290 
9 028 

4 867 
406 

4 701 
4 669 
2 864 

2 854 

78 
93 

3 628 
1 412 


13 

29 
90 

23 

(D) 

287 
23 341 
81 327 

1 139 

54 

14 
2 

195 
6 493 

59 
45 

166 
5 045 

75 
44 
35 
12 

127 
942 

56 
36 
21 

148 
1 572 

52 
15 

146 
1 036 

95 
40 

7 

268 
1 006 

199 
64 

5 

248 
535 
186 
353 

1 
(D) 

231 
(D) 


7 
33 

12 

11 619 

2 

(D) 

270 
103 740 
384 222 

59 
6 608 

23 
19 

112 
34 169 

27 
27 
44 

107 
10 893 

31 
32 
23 
21 

180 

2 383 

59 
40 
32 

220 

3 403 

112 
60 
30 
18 

113 
59 
20 
17 

256 
2 696 

140 

100 

14 

2 

249 
1 181 

200 

1 021 

8 

(D) 

250 

(D) 


6 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

258 
46 530 
180 350 

54 

1 196 

23 
18 

2 

106 

26 
12 

101 
4 207 

31 
31 
21 
18 

173 

2 235 

48 
56 

30 

211 

3 239 

109 
57 
27 
18 

200 
2 809 

57 
16 

244 
1 744 

138 
94 

11 

1 

237 
811 
190 
622 

7 
9 

239 
301 


6 
(D) 

10 

(D) 
(D) 

256 
(D) 
(D) 

54 

1 196 

23 
18 
11 
2 

106 
4 966 

27 
26 
41 
12 

101 
4 207 

31 
31 
21 
18 

173 

2 235 

48 
56 
39 
30 

209 
(D) 

107 
57 
27 
18 

198 
(D) 

109 
57 

15 

242 

(D) 

137 
93 

188 
'1 
(D) 


(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

12 

57 210 

4 767 482 

5 

5 412 

2 
2 

6 
29 203 

3 
2 

6 

6 685 

2 
3 

7 

3 
2 

9 
164 

3 
3 
3 

9 
379 

3 
2 
3 

12 
952 

2 

6 
3 

12 
370 

10 
399 

(D) 
(D) 


(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(0) 

(D) 

2 

1 

5 
(D) 

5 
(Q) 

2 
2 

6 
(D) 

3 
2 

B 
(D) 

3 
2 

8 

(D) 

3 
2 
2 

(D) 

2 
6 
3 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 




Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1.000.. 
farms . 


- 




$1.000.. 




Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 


10 


Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) 

Sales of $50,000 or more 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses 

Livestock and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 

$1,000.- 

.. dollars.. 

.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


(D) 

43 
2 334 
54 273 

62 
2 


$5 000 to $24 999 






1 








18 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 


198 














Commercially mixed formula feeds .. 
Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


18 
97 


$5 000 to $24 999 


2 


$25 000 to $79 999 


2 








farms 


17 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


$1,000.. 


11 


$1 000 to $4 999 


6 














13 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000-. 


84 


$5 000 to $24 999 


6 






$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


21 
209 

16 










$50 000 or more 








43 


Farms With expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 


36 










$50,000 or more 








34 


Diesel fuel 


$1,000.. 
farms 


18 


Natural gas 

LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc. 


$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 
$1,000.- 


24 

19 
37 



See footnotes at end of table. 



50 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, 



10 or less 
stock- 
Total holders 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 51 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total riolders 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per fami - 



$1,000 to 
$10,000 t 
$50,000 c 



$1,000 to $9,999 
$10,000 to $49.99 
$50,000 or more 





famns 




$1.000.. 


Customwork and other agricultural 


$1.000.. 


Gross cash rent or share payments _ 
Forest products and Christmas trees 
Other (ami-related income sources _. 


$1.000.. 

... famis.. 

$1.000.. 
... terms.. 

$1,000.. 
... famis.. 

$1.000.. 



Total... 
Com . 



$1,000 
.. farms 
$1,000 



Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey . 



I FARMS ACCORDING TO 



Farms by acres hareested: 



too to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres. 



Total V 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 
See footnotes at i 

52 MAINE 



6 266 
74 252 

11 850 



5 919 

592 309 

5 486 



5 666 
43 001 
7 589 



6 679 


4 970 






52 171 


33 955 


4 565 


4 090 










59 939 


51 479 


4 170 


3 730 


555 841 


452 578 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 -Con. 

(Fof meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



I woodland [ 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



Value of land and buildings' . 



$70,000 to $99.999... 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 



$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 



$1 to $4.£ 



$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 to $99,999 . 



$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 Of more .... 



Less ttian 40 horsepower (PTO) famns 

number 
• (PTO) or more farms 



Cottonpickars and strippere. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumlgants, e 
control - 
Insects on hay and other crops .. 



Diseases in crops and orchards 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 



control of crops or thinning c 



acres on which used- 



6 266 
320 729 
210 777 



5 537 
12 236 

5 597 
14 260 

3 805 



2 627 

96 

5 180 



4 990 
10 268 

5 057 
12 218 

3 483 

5 602 
3 136 

6 616 



2 326 


2 052 






2 925 


2 605 


3 252 


2 871 


346 899 


168 616 


1 220 


1 050 






64 204 


47 541 






29 050 


83 576 


144 


102 


8 314 


5 814 




952 


72 535 


50 674 



9 871 

(D) 

37 

3 986 



2 887 

198 
11 158 



45 926 

105 

11 500 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 53 



Table 49. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Type of Organization: 

J symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farms. 



Land rented or leased from otf>ers . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 



Land rented or leased to others -. 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



On farm operated 

Not on farm operated . 
Not reported .-. 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 
None 

Any . 



1 99 days 

100 to 199 days — 
200 days or more . 



Operators by years on present farm; 



2 years or less . 



Average years on prt 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years ._ 



55 to 59 years .... 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over . 
Average age 



Operators by sex: 

t^ale 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) , 



Individual or 




_. farms- 


"^S^'Sd 








acres. 


10 or less stockholders -.. 

aher than family held 

ivlore than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders --. 

Other-cooperative, estate or tmst. 
institutional, etc 


.. farms. 
.. tarms- 

;i farms! 

farms 









See footnotes at end of table. 



54 MAINE 



6 002 

167 728 

5 997 



5 578 
3 838 
1 510 



150 996 

1 744 

149 779 



93 297 

329 

93 043 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres - 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more _ 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e.c, (0133, 0134, 0139) -_ 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Hortcultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) __ 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 10 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

Beef cows farms- 
Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 -. 

500 or more 

Milk cows ._ farms. 

number. 

Farms with- 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 _ 

500 or more 

Herters and heifer calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

Cattle and calves sold farms, 

$1,000^ 
Calves farms. 

$1,000: 
Cattle farms 

$i.ooo' 

Fattened on grain and concentrates ... farms 



2 271 
61 597 
1 331 



2 366 

50 357 
15 329 

1 465 
26 156 

2 842 
2 087 

24 201 
12 487 



2 038 
46 974 
1 247 



35 253 
1 506 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 55 



Table 49. 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory tex\\ 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 



Hogs and pigs inventory 


.. farms.. 


Farms with- 
1 to 24 








1 00 to 1 99 


200 to 499 




Used or to be used for breeding 

Other 


.. farms., 
number.. 


Hogs and pigs sold 


number.. 


Feeder pigs 


$1,000.. 
farms 




number.. 
$1.000.. 


Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 


.. farms.. 


Dec. 1 and May 31 


.. farms.. 


June 1 and Nov 30 


.. farms., 
number.. 


Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory.. 


.. farms.. 














number., 
pounds of wool.. 








number.. 




number.. 




number.. 




number.. 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory __ farms. 







10 000 to 19 999 


20 000 to 49 999 




100,000 or more . 


Hens and pullets of laying age 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 


... farms-, 
number.. 


ens and pullets sold 


number.. 
... farms. 



Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. . 

Turkeys sold farms. . 

number.. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



11 933 
504 

12 905 



13 679 943 



13 550 

1 018 

84 

7 263 



887 412 

217 

3 224 113 



56 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. 

[For meaning of 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987- 

; and symbols, see introductory text] 



Con. 





Total 


Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


Other than 


family held 


Other- 
cooperative, 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


estate or 

trust. 

institutional. 

etc. 


CROPS HARVESTED 


544 
28 711 
442 833 

223 

228 

85 

6 

2 

535 

35 548 

2 728 024 

3 

150 

839 

83 261 

22 412 030 

34 

3 485 

120 
118 
285 
249 
67 

3 672 

221 675 

393 393 

13 

184 

1 322 

1 631 
600 
112 

7 

2 494 

240 584 
3 
(D) 

509 

9 727 

73 

776 

294 

52 
16 
6 

394 

7 405 

21 

177 

206 
117 
55 
10 
6 

739 

24 303 

92 


417 
18 732 
289 620 

192 

51 
3 

23 794 

1 762 178 

2 

(D) 

708 

59 846 

15 857 335 

22 

1 663 

108 
105 
261 
203 
31 

3 335 
187 955 
323 787 

(D) 

1 247 

1 505 
493 

5 

2 272 
120 739 
209 532 

3 
(D) 

452 
6 140 

513 

275 
127 
37 
10 

335 

3 636 

17 
86 

191 

103 

38 

3 

651 

9 896 

78 


64 
3 845 
57 104 

33 
10 
2 

40 

^ 

(D) 

6 710 

1 896 980 

3 

(D) 

8 
7 
17 
21 

202 
20 Oil 
38 812 

(D) 

49 
76 
61 
14 
2 

139 
10 Oil 
18 207 

34 

125 

10 
8 
2 

24 
564 

10 
8 
5 

45 

1 456 

11 

72 


58 
5 882 
93 612 

10 
23 
2 

47 

9 197 

775 743 

66 

16 413 

4 590 363 

8 

1 455 

2 

6 
23 

1Z3 
12 199 
27 491 

22 
46 
45 
10 

75 
5 191 

10 973 

21 

2 580 

5 
139 

5 
3 

2 

31 

3 140 

90 

5 
3 

6 
6 

38 

11 926 

2 
(D) 


54 
5 752 
90 174 

21 
23 

2 

46 
(D) 
(D) 

8 

1 455 

2 
6 
6 
22 

113 
11 309 
25 680 

21 

41 
10 

68 
4 821 

20 
(D) 

(D) 

5 
2 

7 
4 
2 

29 
(D) 

90 

5 
3 

6 

35 

7 038 

2 

(D) 


54 
5 752 
90 174 

7 
21 
23 

2 

46 
(D) 
(D) 

64 
8 

2 

6 
22 
28 

20 

40 
10 

67 

(D) 

(D) 

5 
2 

2 
27 

2 

5 
3 
10 

5 

35 

7 038 

2 

(D) 


130 

3 438 

3 

2 

iS! 

(D) 

10 

890 

1 811 

5 

370 
675 

1 
(D) 

(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 

3 

4 888 


3 
2 

2 

!E! 

9 
(0) 
(D) 

4 
6 

(D) 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 

3 
4 888 


5 

252 

2 497 

2 
2 


tons, green.- 
Imgated farms- 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 


25 to 99 acres 


250 to 499 acres 




500 acres or more 




Oats tor grain farms- 
acres.. 
bushels.. 
Imgated farms.. 

Irish potatoes farms.. 

acres.. 
cwt.. 


29! 
67 352 


acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 
0.1 to 4.9 acres 


(D) 
2 






100 to 249 9 acres 


2 

12 

1 510 

4 


250-0 acres or more 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. fsee text) .. farms.. 

tons. dry.. 

Irrigated famns.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 


25 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 249 acres 


250 to 499 acres _ 


3 


Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 
and wild hay (see text) farms.. 

tons, dry- 
Irrigated farms.. 

Irrigated farms- 
acres.. 


8 

957 

1 872 

(d1 






25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres 












acres.. 
Irrigated farms.. 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 


65 

- 


5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 


3 


100 to 249 9 acres 










5 


ill 


1 025 

1 

(D) 



I production expenses equal to market \ 



> of agricultural products sold are included as f 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 57 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 
Farms 



Average size of farm 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 
rinlliir!i 


Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text) 


$2 500 to $4 999 


$5 000 to $9 999 




$20 000 to $24 999 






$50 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $249 999 




$500 000 to $999 999 


$1 000 000 or rrore 






Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1.000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 
farms 




^?^- 


Soybeans 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 


Oats 


$1.000.. 
farms 


Other grains 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 

— farms.. 



. silage, and field seeds 
ales of $50,000 or more . 



Sales of $50,000 or moi 

Fruits, nuts, and bemes .. 
Sales of $50,000 or moi 

Nursery and greenhouse c 
Sates of $50,000 or moi 



Other crops . 
Sales of $£ 



Poultry and poultry products . 
Sales of $50,000 or more . 



Dairy products 

Sales of $50,000 or more . 



Sales of $50,000 or r 
See footnotes at 

58 MAINE 



"$i.ooo". 
"$i.oooI 



$1,000. 
.. farms, 
$1,000. 



$1,000 
.. farms 
$1,000 



$1,000. 
"$1.000; 



"$i.ooo! 

. fartis. 



5 005 

914 
30 660 



95 811 

488 

90 302 

547 
128 641 

154 
127 902 



20 503 

70 

17 284 

191 
9 549 

7 952 

714 
89 552 

460 
85 059 

305 
125 655 

125 073 



20 602 

133 

19 237 

271 

2 349 

4 

(D) 



2 425 

76 
5 175 



20 428 

131 
18 857 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

1 symbols, see introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 









Land in farms 




48.6 
429 693 


Average size of fam, 


acres-- 




MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 














$1,000.. 

riollars 


45 836 
15 033 


Farms by value of sales: 




$1 ,000 to $2,499 


765 


$2,500 to $4 999 


574 










$20 000 to $24 999 


50 


$25 000 to $39 999 








$50,000 to $99,999 


53 


$100 000 to $249,999 


31 










$1 ,000.000 or more 








100 
521 

(D) 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 
$1.000.. 








Wlieat 


$1.000.. 


33 




$1.000.. 


7 




$1,000.. 




Sorghum for grain 

Barley 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 


: 


Oats 

Other grains 


$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


7 
68 
393 
22 
80 


Cotton and cottonseed 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 




Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms-. 

$1,000.. 










Sales of $50 000 or more 


'kZ- 


3 5« 




$1,000.. 


(D) 


Vegetables, sweet com, and melons . 


... farms-. 
$1,000.. 


179 
1 292 




$1,000- 


683 




farms 




Sales of $60,000 or more _. 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


10 158 

26 

5 944 








Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000-. 
farms 


2 033 




$1,000- 


703 


Other crops 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 
$1,000- 

"""$1,000- 


119 

6 259 

28 

5 243 


Poultry and poultry products 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


'"'$1%00- 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


242 
2 986 

2 829 


Dairy products 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms- 
$1,000- 

""'$1,000- 


3 028 

16 

2 280 


Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


"""$1,000- 

... farms. - 

$1.000.. 


890 
3 493 

1 100 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 59 



Table 50. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory textj 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sates (see text) -Con. 

Hoqs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool famis. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 

Sales of $50,000 or more __ farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm ..dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed (or livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms ynth expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999.- 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms wtth expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

(Commercial fertilizer tarms, 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999.. 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000, 
LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc. farms. 

$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table. 



3 084 
11 072 

2 507 



60 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Otlier occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) — Con 

Hogs and pigs farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Stieep. lambs, and wool farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms, 

$1,000 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farni production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Uvestock and poultry purchased _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Famns with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Ckjmmercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _... 

$25,000 to $79.999 _ 

$80,000 or more _.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more __. 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 __ _ 

$5,000 to $24.999 _ 

$25,000 to $49,999 _ 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products _._ farms. 

$1,000. 

$1 to $4,999 _-_ _., 

$5,000 to $24,999 _. 

$25,000 to $49,999 __ 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol — farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel .__ famis. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



3 054 
40 229 
13 172 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 61 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







Total fanning 

and other 

occupations 


Farming 


Item 


Total 


Age of operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total (arm production expenses-Con. 


■$i%oo:; 


4 574 
7 596 

3 140 

1 177 

245 

12 

3 108 
51 613 

1 922 
767 
362 

57 

906 

4 978 

386 
347 
148 
25 

5 381 
19 687 

4 330 
947 
76 

1 444 

3 052 

870 
430 

127 
17 

2 753 

15 455 

2 036 

635 

74 

8 

2 032 
11 312 

521 
969 
477 
65 

1 445 

4 143 

800 
473 
160 
12 

1 287 

3 845 

1 098 
119 
52 
18 

6 064 
11 460 

5 695 
240 
115 

14 

5 630 
38 383 

4 512 
831 
166 

121 


2 708 
6 401 

1 369 

1 098 
230 

2 086 
44 765 

1 001 
694 
342 

49 

468 

3 846 

143 
185 
121 
19 

2 962 
16 585 

1 989 
875 

75 
23 

971 

2 492 

497 
349 
112 
13 

13 301 

1 204 

573 

70 

5 

1 357 
9 598 

201 
662 
436 
58 

1 022 

3 703 

476 
380 
156 
10 

1 008 

852 
91 
48 
17 

3 091 
7 678 

'l^ 
105 
11 

3 078 
33 923 

2 052 
757 
157 
112 


32 
68 

22 

30 
159 

16 
13 

1 

24 
59 

10 

40 
96 

34 

27 
16 

25 

47 
109 

2 

21 

85 

2 
16 
1 
2 

35 
24 

2 

43 
105 

32 

33 
32 

47 
245 

33 
13 


268 
555 

127 
128 

2 

214 
4 054 

103 
70 
37 

57 
971 

2 
34 
20 

301 
1 789 

164 

132 

3 

2 

136 
435 

57 
60 
18 

240 
1 444 

173 
60 
6 

131 

1 019 

2 
85 
39 

5 

162 
424 

35 
19 

166 
775 

135 

24 

3 

268 
608 

240 
20 

7 

321 

2 884 

202 
94 

13 
12 


567 

2 054 

220 
284 
62 

442 
13 779 

220 

68 

10 

99 
604 

22 

3 

606 

3 893 

357 

228 

15 

6 

210 
606 

79 
101 
26 

443 

4 417 

247 
174 
21 

353 
2 955 

48 

157 
133 
15 

237 
1 462 

104 
72 
56 
5 

670 

209 
26 

2 

608 
1 396 

553 
34 
20 

601 
11 937 

365 
170 
38 
28 


646 

1 474 

336 

238 

67 

5 

524 
11 820 

241 
169 
99 

15 

97 
487 

37 
27 
29 

677 
4 489 

422 
226 

6 

195 
685 

88 
68 

34 
5 

480 
3 235 

296 
163 
20 

393 

2 565 

42 
203 
131 

123 
83 
35 
3 

263 
700 

222 
30 
10 

2 008 

589 

38 
3 

681 
7 769 

398 
202 
45 


lis? 

291 
254 

61 
3 

483 
10 184 

213 
171 
84 

15 

98 

1 234 

37 
38 
15 

645 
4 031 

416 
204 
18 

7 

207 
462 

131 
45 
29 
2 

407 
3 110 

261 

131 

13 

2 

315 

2 224 

67 
140 
95 
13 

210 
886 

103 
74 
31 
2 

159 
817 

138 
9 

705 
2 048 

624 
48 
27 
6 

689 
8 117 

428 
187 

27 


586 


Farms with expenses of- 






172 




28 








. farms. - 
$1,000.. 


393 




4 769 
208 




127 




53 






Contract labor 

Farms with expenses of- 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


93 
492 

35 




31 






$25 000 or more 




Repair and maintenance 

Farms with expenses of- 


"$1.000l^ 


693 
2 286 

596 




79 


$25 000 to $49 999 


16 




2 


Customwork, machine hire, and rental o 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


196 


Farms with expenses o(- 
$1 to $999 


288 




74 












-$1%^':: 


236 


Farms with expenses of- 


183 










$100 000 or more 






. (amis.. 
$1,000.. 


144 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999.- - 

$1 000 to $4 999 


750 
61 




37 






Not secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses o(- 


"'$1.000;i 


134 
237 

78 






$5 000 to $24 999 


15 






Cash rent 


farms 


129 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


268 
116 


$6 000 to $9 999 




$10 000 to $24 999 


2 




2 


Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


784 
1 544 

737 


$5 000 to $9 999 




$10 000 to $24 999 








All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


739 
2 972 

626 






$25 000 to $49 999 




$50,000 or more 





62 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses-Con, 
Electncity 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


1 866 

1 195 






$5 000 to $24 999 


15 


$25 000 or more 


1 




. farms.. 
$1.000.. 




Farms vyitfi expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 


6 848 

921 






$100 000 or more 


8 




. farms.. 
$1,000.. 




Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


1 132 
243 


$1,000 to $4,999 


162 


$25 000 or more 


6 




. farms.. 
$1.000.. 




Farms witti expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


3 102 
2 341 


$5,000 to $24.999 


72 


$50 000 or more 


5 


Customwork. mactiine hire, and rental o 
machinery and equipment 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


473 
561 






$5 000 to $24 999 


15 


$25 000 or more 




Interest expense 


"$1^II 


901 


Farms with expenses of- 


2 153 


$5 000 to $24 999 


62 


$25,000 to $99.999 




Secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999... 


. farnis.. 
$1,000.. 


675 
1 714 

320 
307 


$25 000 or more 






.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 




Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999... 

$1 .000 to $4 999 


440 

324 
93 


$5 000 to $24 999 








Cash rent 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


279 


Farms with expenses of- 


511 


$5,000 to $9 999 




$10 000 to $24 999 






^ 


Property taxes 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


2 973 

3 782 


$5,000 to $9,999 


40 


$10,000 to $24 999 


10 


$25 000 or more 




All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


2 552 
4 460 






$25,000 to $49,999 


9 


$50 000 or more 


9 


See footnotes at end of table. 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tejct] 







Total farming 

and other 

occupations 


Farming 


Item 


Total 


Age of operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms ...number.. 


6 266 
74 252 
11 850 

2 912 
31 859 

1 021 

1 027 
423 

3 354 

5 522 

642 

2 283 
400 

29 

851 

3 062 

1 941 

7 942 

666 

2 163 

294 
525 

1 025 

4 546 
450 
709 

56 
323 

5 
(D) 

1 
(D) 

40 
126 

5 919 
592 309 

5 486 
410 891 

719 
441 
54 
16 
3 

2 649 
87 487 

772 
33 608 

1 473 
206 

6 679 
1 245 

52 171 

4 565 
616 780 

1 158 
59 939 

4 170 
555 841 


3 212 
70 533 
21 959 

42 061 

155 
558 
818 
407 

1 274 
8 619 

213 

325 
25 

593 

2 647 
1 106 
5 607 

331 

1 452 

134 
323 
613 

3 388 
362 
443 

46 
308 

(D) 

(D) 

35 
(D) 

7 
100 

3 076 
447 396 

2 917 
320 004 

1 209 

410 
47 

2 

1 409 
61 467 

511 
27 154 
73 
660 
123 

4 954 
621 

33 157 

2 415 
385 235 

637 

39 108 

2 210 

346 127 


47 

395 

8 406 

30 
15 219 

15 
13 
2 

17 

3 615 

15 

(d1 

17 
38 

(D) 

16 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

33 

4 190 

3 157 

12 
8 
6 

10 
385 

5 
445 

(o) 

(D) 

16 
1 945 

181 

14 

1 764 


321 
7 851 
24 458 

196 
48 357 

23 
65 
68 
40 

125 
13 015 

16 
38 
68 
3 

71 
(D) 
106 
605 

(D) 

25 
73 
(D) 
31 
24 

5 
(D) 

5 
(D) 

317 
43 543 

297 
30 675 

101 
73 
72 
51 

126 
5 469 

62 

3 266 

19 

222 

?i 

(D) 

204 

24 867 

56 

2 492 

22 375 


621 
20 664 
33 276 

401 
56 367 

19 
124 
157 

220 
8 814 

22 
126 
71 

127 

461 

237 

1 079 

80 
282 

49 
56 
111 
666 
68 
75 

9 
100 

(D) 

565 
89 295 

533 
67 709 

184 
106 
138 

15 

268 
11 422 

121 
5 867 

152 
19 
380 
127 

3 765 

431 

112 

4 284 
397 

53 068 


16 676 
23 258 

41 121 

25 
85 
239 
122 

246 
10 943 

34 

145 

59 

8 

156 

1 007 

202 

943 

65 
285 

23 
43 
98 

476 
74 

140 

115 
3 

(D) 

17 

5 
(D) 

663 

124 383 

634 

89 657 

199 
131 
151 
133 
16 
3 

328 
14 358 

142 
9 526 

68 
36 

1 554 
122 

9 220 

525 
93 105 

145 
12 703 

482 
80 402 


707 
17 570 
24 851 

389 
51 275 

16 
102 
184 

87 

318 
7 471 

166 
73 

5 

163 

750 

265 

1 748 

80 
320 

9 
133 
161 
1 190 
91 
105 

28 
(D) 

5 
(D) 

(D) 

691 

106 047 

651 

78 107 

255 
148 

91 
10 
6 

307 
13 279 

107 
4 946 

100 
24 
420 

9 195 

570 

101 186 

137 

7 723 

525 

93 463 


799 


Average per farm.. 


$1.000.. 
.dollars.. 

number., 
.dollars.. 


7 377 
451 




21 424 


Gain of- 


72 


$1 000 to $9 999 






157 




55 






348 




.dollars.. 


6 567 


Loss ol- 
Less than $1 000 


52 




235 




53 






GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 


$1,000.. 
. farms.. 
$1,000.. 

. farms.. 
$1,000.. 

'$1,0001" 

■$i%oo"^ 
'$i,ooo" 

. fanns.. 
$1,000.. 
. farms.. 






279 




1 193 


Gross cash rent or share payments ... 
Forest products and Christmas trees .. 
Other farm-related income sources 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total 

Corn 


39 
66 
154 
624 
98 
100 

5 
50 


Wheat 

Soybeans 

Sorghum, barley, and oats 


$1.000.. 
. farms.. 
$1.000.. 
.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


5 

50 


Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland.... 


$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 

" acres^I 
farms . 


807 

79 938 

769 


Farms by acres harvested: 




458 








99 




42 




6 










Cropland: 


farms _ 


370 


acres.. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not ha/vested 






?ams"" 


8 




acres.. 


26 




acres.. 


150 




acres. . 






acres.. 


106 780 
183 


Woodland not pastured 


acres.. 


615 
95 055 



See footnotes i 

64 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm 


number.. 

$1,000.. 
dollars.. 


3 719 
1 218 




rinllars 


11 559 


Gain of- 


286 
463 
209 
16 

2 080 

3 625 

429 

1 572 
75 




$10 000 to $49 999 




Farms with net losses-— 


number.. 

rtnllare 


Loss of- 


$1,000 to $9,999 


$10 000 to $49 999 


$50,000 or more 







Other farm-related income' 

Customwork and other agricultural 


$1,000 
"'"$1,000. 


Gross cash rent or share payments . 
Forest products and Christmas trees 
Other farm-related income sources .. 


$1,000. 

... farnis. 

$1,000. 
... farms. 

$1,000. 
... farms. 

$1,000. 



Com 




- farms. 

$1,000. 


Wheat 




$1,000. 






$1,000. 






$1,000. 


Cotton ... 




$1,000. 
farms. 



Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 



FARMS ACCORDING TO 







acres— 


Farms by acres harvested: 




acres.- 




1 00 to 1 99 acres 


200 to 499 acres 








Cropland: 






In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 




On wfhich all crops failed .. 
In cultivated summer fallow 




acres.. 

. farms.. 

acres.. 



Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end of t 



farms., 
farms. 



20 831 

1 960 

209 714 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



3 957 

443 

55 151 



MAINE 65 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



Cropland under federal acrt 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adiustment 
programs 





farms 


alue of land and buildings' 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 

Farms by value group: 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 

dollars.. 

.....dollars.. 




$70 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $149 999 




$200 000 to $499 999 








$5,000,000 or more 



Estimated market value of all machinery 



and equipment 

Farmsj^y^a^grr^ 


SI. 000.. 


$5 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $19 999 










$500,000 or more 



Motortrucks, including pickups . 



Wtieel tractors 


number, 
famis. 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) .. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more .... 


number. 
farms. 

number. 
farms. 

number. 


Grain and bean combines 


farms. 


Cottonpickers and strippers 


fanns. 


Mower conditioners 


farms. 

number. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer , 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. 







acres on 
Nematodes in crops 


which used. 
..... farms. 

farms 


Weeds, grass, or brush in crops anc 
pasture 


which used. 



6 266 
320 729 
210 777 



5 537 
12 236 
5 597 



6 201 
3 549 
8 069 



246 899 
1 220 
59 021 
64 204 



3 255 
2 201 
5 973 



See footnotes at e 



66 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

cropland and woodland pastured 

Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 


- farms- 
acres, - 


Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 


farms 


Conservation reserve program 

Value of land and buildings' 


. farmsll 
acres.. 




$1,000.. 
dollars 




rinllars 


Farms by value group: 
$1 to $39,999 


$40 000 to $69 999 








$200 000 to $499 999 




$1,000,000 to $1.999,999 

$2 000 000 to $4 999 999 


$5,000,000 or more 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer 

Lime 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., 
control - 
Insects on hay and other crops 



\ crops and orchards 

iss, or bnjsh in crops and 
acres on v 



Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 

acres on which used.. 



3 054 
461 284 
151 043 



Motortmcks, including pickups 

Wheel tractors 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) -. 


farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number., 
farms 


2 517 

4 121 
2 611 

5 032 

1 973 

2 946 
1 348 




number., 
farms 


life 

105 




number.. 


116 


Mower conditioners 


number., 
fanns 


741 


Pickup balers ._ 


number.. 
famns.. 


787 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 67 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations e 



, see introductory text] 



Total (arming 

and other 

occupations 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned --- 

Owned land in farms - 



Land rented or I 
Rented or lea: 



sed from others . 
1 land in famis .. 



acres- 
farms- 



Land rented or leased to others. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of 
On farm operated .-_ 
Not on farm operated 
Not reported 



Operators by days of work off farm: 



1 to 99 days . 
100 to 199 da 
200 days or rr 

Not reported ._- 



5 to 9 years--- -- 

10 years or more - 

Average years on present farm . 

Not reported -. 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 



50 t 



Average age 

Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 

Operators of Spanish c 





°"™^-- 


Corporation: 
Family held 


acres-- 
_ famis-. 






10 or less stockholders 

Other than family held 


(arms- 
farms— 




awes— 







2 073 
196 037 

2 058 
194 438 



3 061 
767 902 

3 058 
756 983 



3 755 

19 

3 612 

26 
2 928 

26 
2 801 



198 129 

709 

194 943 

294 
32 361 

292 
31 705 



163 612 

53 

20 270 



68 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



1987 -Con. 



Age of operator (years) 



Black and other races 



Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Landowner) -. 

Owned land in farms - 



Land rented or leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 



acres,, 
acres- 
farnis- 
famis-. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of 
On farni operated _ 
Not on farm 
Not reported 



Operators by days of word off farm: 
None 

1 to'99'dayVIIII""IIIIIIIII 
"" I99days- 



I days or more . 



Operators by years on present farni: 



3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more. 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 



55 to 59 years 
60 to 64 years 
65 to 69 years . 



Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 
Partnership 



Other thi 

10 or I 
Other -cooperative. 



399 B26 

2 939 

391 167 



2 716 
200 
467 

2 049 



See footrK3tes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 69 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texl] 



1987 -Con. 







Total farming 
occupations 


Farming 


Item 


Total 


Age of operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


FARMS BY SIZE 


419 
1 029 
515 
564 
812 
562 
409 
321 
1 028 

106 
30 

70 
1 730 

1 730 

230 
780 

280 

1 434 

862 
216 
315 

62 

119 475 

854 

1 019 
424 
241 

95 
4 

2 271 
61 597 

1 331 

11 782 

943 

368 

16 

3 

1 183 

49 815 

263 
66 
475 
273 
90 
15 
2 

2 025 
47 036 

1 666 
10 842 

2 366 

50 357 
15 329 

1 465 
26 156 

2 842 
2 087 

24 201 

12 487 
433 

2 604 
1 332 


349 
168 

i 

219 
216 
782 
375 

11 

33 
959 

959 

131 
280 
138 
77 

492 
304 

809 
164 
110 

27 

102 975 

251 
571 
391 
230 
91 

54 172 
564 

6 395 

347 

12 

2 

968 
47 777 

107 
42 
439 
266 
87 
15 
2 

41 203 

7 600 

1 476 

42 533 
11 837 

1 050 
23 539 

2 400 
1 311 

18 994 

9 436 

190 

1 651 

840 


16 
16 

5 
10 

16 
741 

7 
8 

15 

399 

6 

58 

3 

341 
11 

15 
318 

24 

15 
154 
47 

9 
72 

5 

82 
42 
3 

9 


18 
50 
23 
18 
45 
31 
17 
23 
79 
21 

124 

124 
13 
18 

24 

81 
24 
6 

8 251 

27 
37 
34 
26 
4 

113 

4 302 

32 

206 

24 
8 

92 
4 096 

8 

48 

32 

103 
3 668 

65 
281 

121 

2 559 

675 

87 

1 415 

87 

109 

1 144 

588 

12 

40 

23 


32 
68 
28 
52 
64 
48 
37 
43 
138 
63 
17 
3 

5 
181 

181 

33 
33 
35 
14 

66 
35 

174 
30 
20 

2 

297 
22 653 

55 
87 
84 
48 

271 

12 251 

96 

1 053 

61 
32 
2 

199 
11 198 

20 
3 
91 
59 
21 

237 

8 620 

175 

1 782 

271 

9 886 

2 349 
213 

6 575 
752 
245 

3 313 
1 597 

29 
145 
67 


36 
71 
29 
34 
57 
55 
46 
51 
186 
101 
27 
10 

5 
190 

190 

20 
57 

15 

90 
59 

222 
46 
26 

9 

368 
27 512 

48 

100 

27 

342 

15 009 

116 

1 243 

261 
13 766 

22 

114 
79 
26 
6 

319 

10 732 

218 

1 771 

360 

11 181 

3 296 
271 

6 272 
708 
315 

4 909 

2 588 

44 
345 
178 


33 
81 
31 
44 
81 
55 

42 
178 

23 
5 

208 

28 
61 
34 
17 

lis 

73 

175 
54 
16 

6 

342 
24 944 

84 
64 
23 

297 

12 437 

120 

1 385 

70 

199 
11 052 

10 
87 
61 
23 

294 
10 566 

215 

1 941 

335 

10 386 

3 026 

227 

302 
5 303 

2 642 

45 
637 
354 










55 
55 






140 to 179 acres 


90 


180 to 219 acres 


71 










500 to 999 acres 


73 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 


12 






FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 




Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 


240 


Tobacco (0132) 




Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains nee (0133 0134 0139) 


240 










Horticultural specialties (018) 


28 




25 


Livestocli. except dairy, poultry, and 




Beef cattle except feedlots (0212) 


129 






^St^^cS^ik:::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 


24 
4 


LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 

Farms with- 
1 to 9 


.. farms., 
number.. 


387 
18 874 

76 


10 to 49 


191 










200 to 499 


15 






Cows and heifers that had calved .... 
Beef cows 

'Tlf!^. 

10 to 49 


.. farms.. 

number.. 
.. farms.. 

number.. 


341 
9 774 

194 
2 450 

120 
68 


50 to 99 


4 
















Farms with- 


number.. 


7 324 


5 to 9 


14 


10 to 49 


90 










200 to 499 








Heifers and heifer calves 

calves ■...._■ 

Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 


.. farms- 
number.. 

.. farms., 
number.. 

.. farms., 
number.. 
$1.000.. 

"siVoi: 


7iia 

257 
1 801 

374 
8 365 

^^ 

4 122 

464 




number.. 
$1,000.. 

"number- 
$1.000.. 


57 

469 
209 



70 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory texl] 







Other occupations 


Item 


Total 


Age of operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 10 64 


65 and over 


FARMS BY SIZE 


272 
680 
347 
359 
441 
279 
190 
105 
246 
99 
23 
8 

37 

771 

771 

99 
500 
152 
203 

942 
485 

52 
205 

1 099 
16 500 

603 
448 
33 

892 
7 425 

767 
5 387 

596 
166 

1 

225 

2 038 

156 
23 
36 

3 

736 
5 833 

725 

3 242 

890 
7 824 
3 493 

416 

2 617 
442 
776 

5 207 

3 051 
243 
953 
492 


5 
7 
2 
3 
2 

6 

6 
3 

7 

3 

5 
37 

1 

2 

(D, 

(D) 

(D) 

3 
(D) 

3 
13 

3 
8 
5 

(D) 

IS 

i 


37 
82 
43 
33 
27 
15 
17 
2 
15 

8 

54 

54 

16 
40 

12 

87 
42 

10 
6 
31 

6 

109 
1 861 

57 

87 
(D) 
60 

(D) 

11 
3 

7 

77 
(D) 

72 
309 

90 
823 
312 

(D) 

IS! 

23 
(D) 
(D) 


236 
108 
93 
122 
82 
51 
25 
64 

2 
2 

221 

221 
29 

44 
42 

297 

10 
75 
13 

323 
3 873 

205 

112 

2 

4 

272 
1 889 

242 
1 444 

206 
34 
2 

64 
445 

49 
3 

10 
2 

205 

197 
782 

249 
1 737 
660 
112 
710 
140 
224 
1 027 
520 
82 
294 
151 


68 
170 
76 
90 
138 

50 
36 
71 
31 
5 

8 
222 

222 

22 

103 
37 
62 

286 
146 

13 
13 
45 

334 
5 278 

171 
145 

3 

264 
2 277 

235 
1 787 

172 
62 

61 
490 

45 
9 

2 

228 

1 953 

225 

274 

2 910 

124 
701 
110 
244 
2 209 
1 585 
75 
309 
175 


54 
111 
66 
93 
91 

52 
22 
61 
26 
8 
2 

7 
140 

140 

22 

140 
34 
51 

193 
115 

9 
9 

5 

217 
3 615 

103 

103 

8 

2 

180 
1 646 

1 130 

107 
42 

48 
516 

35 
2 
8 
2 

154 
1 246 

151 
723 

190 

1 470 

519 

90 
532 

87 
163 
938 
432 

43 
211 

95 


31 
















61 




35 


180 to 219 acres .— 


20 




35 








6 






FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 


3 


Field crops, except cash grains (oTs)" 

Tobacco'wnf) "" 


128 


Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.ex. (0133. 0134, 0139) 


128 
10 












36 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 


72 
48 


Poultry and eggs (025) 




General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 


.. farms- 


5 

1 836 
40 




5 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 


2 

1 






Cows and heifers that had calved 


farms 


87 




'number^^ 


921 
66 
553 

50 






50 to 99 




100 to 199 


1 










rulilkcows.... 

Farms with- 


'number^' 


29 
368 


5 to 9 ____ 

10 to 49 




50 to 99 












500 or more 




Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

Cattle and calves sold 


.. farms.. 
number.. 

.. farms., 
number.. 


69 
548 

367 
84 


Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


number. . 

$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 

"sTool!" 

.. farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


876 
302 

47 
362 

48 

514 
254 
18 
64 
33 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 71 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



LIVESTOCK -Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory. 



Hogs and pigs sold . 
Feeder pigs 



Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory. 
Ewes 1 year old or older 



Sheep and lambs sold .. 
Sheep and lambs shorn . 






farms, 
farms, 
farms. 

farms, 
farms. 



Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

Goals sold farms. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ,. farms, 
number. 
Farms with- 



3.200 to 9.999 . 
10.000 to 19,99 
20.000 to 49,99' 



Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 
laying age farms. 

Hens and pullets sold farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 



Farms with- 


number.. 




60 000 to 99,999 


1 00 000 or more 


Turkey hens kept for breeding 

Turkeys sold 


farms.. 



334 452 

239 

649 904 



436 927 

38 

531 395 



See footnotes at ( 



72 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



OthBr occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 



Farms with- 
1 to 24 ,. 
25 to 49. 



. farms-. 

si.oool! 



Dec. 1 and May 31 .. 
June 1 and Nov. 30 



r all ages inventory. 



Ewes 1 year old or older . 



Sheep and lambs sold . 
Stieep and lambs shorn 



farms 

famis 

pounds of wool 

Horses and ponies inventory.. farms 

number 

Horses and ponies sold farms 

number. 

Goats inventory farms 

number 

Goats sold farms 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 m 



inventory .. farms. 



400 to 3,199 

3.200 to 9.999 ... 
10.000 to 19,999 . 
20.000 to 49,999 . 
50,000 to 99,999 . 



Hens and pullets of laying age . 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens 
sold... 



Turkey hens kept for breeding . 
Turkeys sold 



80 683 

86 

178 054 



8 212 

22 

17 238 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 73 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Total farming 

and otfier 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green chop . 



I to 249 acres - 




I grain, 
(seete 



100 to 249 acres.. 
250 to 499 acres .. 
500 acres or more. 







tons. dry.. 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 


acres.. 

... farms., 
acres.. 


0.1 to 4.9 acres 


d: 


acres.. 


5 to 24 9 acres 








Land in orchards 

Inigated 




farms"" 


Farms by beanng and nc 
1 to 4.9 acres 


nbearing acre 


acres.. 


5 to 24 9 acres 








Bemes harvested tor sale 




farms _ 



3 672 
221 675 
393 393 



74 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 





Other occupations 


Item 


Total 


Age of operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 10 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


CROPS HARVESTED 


78 
2 407 
30 766 

58 
100 

357 m 

122 

5 008 

1 455 169 

,d1 

43 
31 
6 
5 

1 762 
61 707 
92 964 

127 

881 
772 
98 

1 078 
37 875 
60 236 

(D) 

179 

1 466 

10 

23 

138 
34 

2 

218 

1 982 

12 

108 

138 
62 

15 

2 

454 

14 120 

34 

250 


i 

65 

17 612 

9 
197 
254 

6 
3 

102 
158 

2 
(D) 

2 

2 
(D) 


10 
(D) 
(D) 

9 
14 

1 065 
309 660 

6 

8 
2 

143 
5 281 
7 516 

60 
75 
8 

84 

2 796 
4 065 

26 

272 

3 

3 

23 

2 

19 
(D) 
2 
(D) 

8 

7 
3 

32 
,D, 

(D) 


3i? 
4 159 

16 
4 

27 

783 

54 464 

37 

1 026 

274 209 

8 

13 
15 

1 

486 

15 489 
23 277 

2 
(D) 

267 
197 
21 

321 
10 236 

16 399 

(D) 

55 
569 

19 

38 

2 

63 
680 

49 

37 
18 
6 
2 

104 
1 936 

(o1 


25 
1 156 
13 470 

18 
3 
3 

18^? 
157 836 

27 

1 206 
357 771 

(D) 

8 
13 
3 
1 
2 

525 

20 093 

30 942 

2 

(D) 

255 
226 
39 

5 

315 
11 880 
19 776 

43 

186 

2 

(D) 

34 

2 

57 

285 

3 

40 
15 
2 

98 

2 064 

13 
43 


446 

6 303 

11 
2 

15 

700 

53 307 

22 

1 374 
426 034 

(D) 

12 

3 

2 

367 
12 434 
18 024 

(D) 

184 

163 

17 

3 

218 

7 728 
11 977 

39 
381 

(D) 

30 
8 

53 
341 

(D) 

37 
13 
3 

126 
3 420 

8 




tons, green.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 


312 
4 437 


25 to 99 acres 




100 to 249 acres 














8 


"«^'" :^l:: 

Irish potatoes - farms- 
acres. . 


54? 
43 975 

12 

272 

69 783 


Farms by acres harvested: 
01 to 4 9 acres 






5 










250 acres or more 




Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. fanns.. 

tons, dryll 
Irrigated farms.. 


232 

lliJ? 
2 
(D) 


25 to 99 acres 


108 


100 to 249 acres 


13 


250 to 499 acres 


2 


Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 

and wild hay (see text) famis.. 

acres.. 

-oated.... l^-Lg: 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms., 
acres.. 


136 
5 133 
7 861 

16 
69 


acres.. 




5.0 to 24.9 acres 


3 


25 to 99 9 acres 






_ 






Land in orchards farms 


24 


acres- 


131 


Farms by beanng and nonbeanng acres: 
0.1 to 4.9 acres 


(D) 
16 


25.0 to 99.9 acres 

1 00 to 249 9 acres 






. 


Ben-ies harvested for sale farms 


93 


acres.. 


6 314 




132 



t value of agricultural products sold g 



I as farms with gains of less t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 75 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 

{For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory teict] 



,.e. 


Total 


acres 


10 to 49 
acres 


50 to 69 
acres 


70 to 99 
acres 


100 to 139 
acres 


FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 
Farms - 


-.number.. 
percent.. 


100.0 

1 342 588 

214 

6 269 
405 484 

64 681 

1 023 

1 036 
870 

719 
539 

161 
292 
174 
553 

199 
67 
26 

564 

4 298 

9 
950 

35 
767 
23 
64 

21 

457 

2 900 

5^^ 

1 793 

7 255 

6 
448 

509 

8 221 

29 

5 005 

914 

30 660 

96 

23 228 

370 

11 582 

49 

8 655 

833 
95 811 

488 
90 302 

547 
128 641 

154 
127 902 

949 
88 672 

594 
80 387 

2 366 
15 329 

26 

3 832 


419 
6.7 

1 706 

419 
11 527 
27 512 

72 
119 
79 
45 
32 

12 

10 
14 

3 
4 

2 

(D) 

2 

(D) 

3 

45 
114 

54 
163 

128 

3 802 

16 

2 566 

26 
102 

55 
6 552 

18 
6 419 

273 

(D) 

71 
134 


1 029 

27 974 
27 

1 029 
23 811 
23 140 

274 
253 

161 
113 
75 

33 

8 
23 
24 

15 
8 

19 
(D) 

2 

(D) 

(D) 

I 
6 
6 

32 

170 
267 

106 
419 

176 

1 620 

40l 

90 

^- 

2 156 

76 

1 073 

2 

(D) 

151 

15 652 

46 

15 470 

37 

712 

3 

2S1 

228 
545 


515 

8.2 

29 599 

57 

515 
9 886 
19 197 

106 
53 
48 

8 
21 
10 
15 

5 

3 

1 

(D) 
8 

157 
321 

39 
317 

1 
(D) 

95 

960 

3 

207 

33 

3 
330 

31 
917 

7 
481 

40 
5 760 

12 
5 705 

18 
334 

(D) 

143 
398 


564 

9.0 

46 380 

82 

564 
23 784 
42 170 

131 
130 
91 
87 
38 

6 

31 
15 

2 

18 
37 

3 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
8 

7 
7 
20 

194 
404 

51 

457 

2 

(D) 

94 

1 025 

5 

444 

26 

1 371 

8 

1 253 

32 
1 250 

14 
1 021 

64 
5 951 

18 
5908 

36 

1 186 

9 

731 

182 
454 


812 

13.0 

93 204 


Average size of farm... 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) 


....acres.. 
'"'$1,000ll 


115 

812 
19 520 
24 039 


Farms by value of sales: 


142 




167 






$5 000 to $9 999 


107 




88 






$25 100 10 $39 999 


38 




19 




52 












5 






Grains — - 

Sales of $50,000 or more 

Corn for grain _ 

Wheat -— 


— farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 

... farms- 
Si ,000.. 

... fanns.- 
$1,000.. 


50 
143 

2 

2 


Sorgfium for grain 

Barley-... 

Oats 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 
$1,000.. 

"""$i,ooo;; 

... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


42 

105 

9 




$1,000.- 


34 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms.. 


: 




$1,000- 


" 


Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000- 
farms 


: 


Hay, silage, and field seeds 


$1,000- 

... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


276 
856 


Vegetables, sv^eet com, and melons 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


73 

608 

3 




$1.000.. 


186 
137 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


1 577 
32 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 

farms 


391 
257 
80 




$1,000- 


26 


Poultry and poultry products 


$1,000- 
"""$1*000- 


66§l 
20 




$1.000.. 
farms 


75 




$1.000.. 


26 




$1,000- 


222 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000- 


3 
(D) 



See footnotes at end of t 

76 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



otal sales (see text) 

Average per farm 


$1.000.. 

dollars.. 


Farms by value of sales: 








$5 000 to $9 999 


$10,000 to $19,999 




$25 000 to $39 999 


$40 000 to $49 999 






$250 000 to $499 999 








farms 


Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Corn for grain _ 


$i,ooo;; 

farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum for grain 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms 


Barley 




$1,000.. 


Other grains 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 




farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000-. 


Tobacco 


farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Hay, silage, and field seeds 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Vegetables, sweet com, and melon 
Sales of $50 000 or more 


s farms.. 

$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Nurserv and areenhouse croDS 


farms 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 






Sates of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 
$1,000^ 


Poultry and poultry products 


$i,oooi; 

farms 


Sales of $50 000 or more 




$1,000.. 




farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

farms.- 

$1,000.. 


Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms-. 



3 761 

39 

3 108 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



6 357 
62 

5 594 



1 028 
85 211 
82 890 



1 636 
5 
(D) 



MAINE 77 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total fami production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more ___ 

Gasoline and gasohol (arms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 

' ' $i,ooo: 



5 232 

6 421 

3 268 

4 252 



78 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 



-Con. 



ning of abbreviations ( 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) -Con 

Hogs and pigs farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more _ farms 

$1,000 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms, 

$1,000. 

Sates of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) __ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms 

$1,000. 
Average per farm_ dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms 

$1,000. 
Famns with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999. _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 ..__ _ '"' 

$25,000 to $99,999. __ 

$100,000 or more _ _ II 

Feed for livestock and poultry __ _. farms. 

$1.000_ 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more ._ __ 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms, 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 to $79.999. 

$80,000 or more ...IIIII 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 __ 

$5,000 to $24.999 __ ' 

$25,000 or more __ 

Commercial fertilizer farms 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 ._ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 ""' 

$50,000 or more _ .HI 

Agricultural chemicals . farms 

$1,000i; 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ I 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 
$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999.... 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1.000.. 
Diesel fuel __ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Natural gas farms.. 

$1.000.. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc farms.. 

$1.000.. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 79 



Table 51. 

[Fo 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


Total 


1 to 9 


acres 


50 to 69 
acres 


70 to 99 
acres 


100 to 139 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses -Con. 

Electncity JarmS- 

$1,000_. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


4 574 
7 596 

3 140 

245 
12 

3 108 
51 613 

1 922 
767 
362 

57 

906 

4 978 

386 
347 
148 
25 

19 687 

4 330 
947 
76 
28 

3 052 

870 
430 
127 
17 

2 753 
15 455 

2 036 
635 

74 
8 

11 312 

521 
969 
477 
65 

1 445 

4 143 

800 
473 
160 
12 

1 287 

3 845 

1 098 
119 
52 
18 

6 064 
11 460 

5 695 
240 
115 

5 630 
38 383 

4 512 
831 
166 
121 


258 
188 

225 
27 

153 
1 122 

131 

6 
2 

51 
225 

21 
13 

293 

277 
16 

72 
70 

16 

136 
358 

117 
17 
2 

73 
258 

45 
15 

2 

95 

66 
26 
3 

33 
27 

32 

364 

358 
5 

1 

327 
1 657 

292 
33 

2 


731 

665 
52 
12 
2 

356 
1 581 

318 
20 
15 
3 

165 
372 

76 
71 

15 

835 
991 

815 
17 
2 

128 
52 

124 
3 

314 
670 

298 
14 
2 

223 
509 

88 
122 
12 

1 

173 
160 

128 
40 

5 

129 
124 

921 
899 

912 

7 

872 
1 905 

841 
17 


140 

216 
10 
6 

130 
650 

110 

6 

90 
238 

42 

12 

355 
536 

19 

99 
150 

59 
32 
8 

148 
349 

138 
8 
2 

104 
239 

31 
64 
8 

90 

59 
29 

51 
91 

10 

455 
428 

454 

424 
908 

398 
23 

2 


732 

240 
58 
9 

3 026 

169 
16 
8 

2 

48 
168 

26 

410 
680 

387 

66 

57 

60 
2 

196 
586 

171 
24 

1 

160 
542 

34 
102 
23 

62 

50 
10 
2 

59 

56 
3 

479 
936 

469 
9 

434 
1 320 

390 
38 

2 


647 
458 

535 


$1,000 to $4.999 


102 
10 






Hired farm labor _.__ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms witti expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


332 
1 576 

248 




69 


$26,000 10 $99,999 


15 




113 


^'^^ '' """ $1,000.. 

Farms witli expenses of- 


63 




28 




19 






Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


756 
1 362 

679 










$50 000 or more 




Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 


143 


machinery and equipment ^^ar^^.. 

Farms with expenses of- 


68 


$1 000 to $4 999 










- 


Interest expense — cl^S!^- 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


343 
801 


$5 000 to $24 999 














264 


$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


98 






$5 000 to $24 999 








Not secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


177 
182 

117 


$1 000 to $4 999 












Cash rent farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


133 
320 

115 
















842 


Propeny taxes ^ a^^s^^ 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


828 




14 










All other farm production expenses farms.. 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


748 
1 748 

669 










$50,000 or more 


1 



See footnotes at i 



80 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

—Con. 

Total famn production expenses— Con. 
Electncity-- ^farms. 

$1 to 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm lat)or __ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _ _ 

Repair and maintenance fanns. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more __ 

Interest expense farms- 

$1,000_ 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 ._ 

$100,000 or more __ 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1,000 to $4,999"-;i"IIIIIIIIIIIIIII"II 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of — 

SI to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent... farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses fanns. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 81 



Table 51. 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

bbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm . 



Less tfian $1.000... 
$1,000 to $9.999... 
$10,000 to $49,999. 



Other farm-related income' 

Customwork and other agricultural 


$1,000-. 
. farms.. 
$1.000.. 

farms 


Gross cash rent or share payments _._ 
Forest products and Christmas trees -. 
Other farm-related income sources .... 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 


$1.000.. 

. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
. farms.. 

$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 


Wheat 


$1,000.. 


So 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 


$1,000.. 
. farms-. 
$1,000.. 


Harvested cropland 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 49 acres 


acres.. 

. famis.. 

acres.. 


50 to 99 acres 






500 to 999 acres 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 


2 000 acres or more 


Cropland: 




In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
and not pastured 


acres.. 

.. farms., 
acres.. 




"" acresll 




acres.. 


Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end of table. 

82 MAINE 


.. farms^; 

acres.. 
.. farms.. 

acres.. 



5 919 
592 309 

5 486 
410 891 



1 473 
206 
6 679 
1 245 
52 171 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 






'" $1,000" 
..-dollars- 


Average net gain 

Gain ot- 


...dollars- 
















Loss of- 




$10 000 to $49 999 





Government payments 


... farms- 
$1,000_. 

.- farms— 
$1.000.. 

farms— 


Other larm-related income' 

Customwork and other aghcultural 




$1.000.. 




... farms.. 

$1.000.. 
... farms.- 

$1.000.. 
... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Forest products and Christmas trees 


Other farm-related income sources .. 

















farms 


Corn 














$1,000. 
farms 
















$1,000. 
















$1,000. 


Sorghum, 


bariey. 


and 


oats 






$1,000. 

"'$i.ooo; 


Peanuts. 


rye 


rice 


tobacco 


and 


honey. 


$1,000. 

.. farms- 

$1,000. 



Total cropland farms.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

Farms by 



)49j 



sot 

100 to 199 acres . 
200 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



In cover crops, legumes, and soit- 
improvement grasses 
and not pastured farms. 

On which all crops failed farms. 

In cultivated summer fallow farms- 
Idle farms. 



Total V 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



farms. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



33 958 

309 

23 297 



1 004 
19 322 
19 245 



165 354 

244 

16 304 

149 050 



61 657 

20 

5 017 



MAINE 83 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



$1,000. 
-dollars- 
.. dollars. 



Farms by value group; 

$1 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $69,999 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $149,999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 to $99,999 . 



$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more .... 



Motortrucks, including pickups 

Wheel tractors 


.... farms.. 

number.. 

farms 




number.. 


40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


number.. 
farms 




number., 
farms 




number.. 




number., 
farms 






AGRICULTURAL CHFMICALS' 


number.. 


Lime 


wtiich used.- 


Sprays, dusts, granules, tumigants, etc 


wWch used.. 


Nematodes in crops 

acres on 


which used.. 
which used'.'. 


acres on 
Weeds, grass, or bnjsh in crops and 
pasture 


which used.. 


acres on 

Chemicals for defoliation or tor growth 
control of crops or thinning of fnjit .. 


which used.. 



6 266 
320 729 
210 777 



5 537 
12 236 

5 597 
14 260 

3 805 

6 201 
3 549 
8 059 



3 252 
246 899 

1 220 
59 021 
64 204 



72 535 

1 B33 
138 262 



50 781 

106 236 

1 845 



See footnotes at ( 



84 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Pastgreland and rangeland other than 

Und in house lots, ponds, roads, 
wasteland, etc 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 


_ famiS- 
acres, _ 

. farms.. 

. farms- 
acres.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 

. farms.. 
$1,000.. 
.dollars., 
.dollars.. 


65 
1 810 

338 
6 756 

8 




94 


Value of land and buildings' 


525 

616 
86 341 


Average per acre 

Famis by value group: 


886 






$70 000 to $99 999 


156 










$200 000 to $499 999 


89 






$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

$2 000 000 to $4 999 999 




$5,000,000 or more 





'rau^t.r.": 


$1,000.. 


$5 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $19 999 












SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENTi 










number.. 


Less ttian 40 horeepowrer (PTO) ... 


number.. 
.... farms- 


40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


.... farms- 
number- 








...""LlS- 














AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 








Ljme 


which used.. 


acres on 
control - 


which used., 
tons.. 


acres on which used.. 
Nematodes in crops famis.. 




10 230 

652 
24 961 



1 004 
277 929 
276 822 



2 022 

78 
12 428 



13 215 

14 196 


13 032 
15 744 


10 871 

11 094 


30??l 

28 

1 219 

255 

19 206 


174 
24 656 

751 

112 

13 202 


65 
22 751 
9 
(D) 
42 
13 295 


33 602 


258 
29 797 


67 
26 442 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 85 



Table 51. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Size of Farm: 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Tenants 

Black and other races 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 





farms" 




acres.. 


Land rented or leased from others — . 


.... farms.. 










Land rented or leased to others 


farms 




acres- 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of res 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated . 
Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of worli off farm: 



Any , 



to 99 days 

100 to 199 days 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 



10 years or more 

Average years on present farm . 

Not reported 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 



70 y 



Average age 

Operators by sex: 

fi/lale 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see t 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 
Partnership _ 

Corporation: 



5S stockholders 

I family held 

an 10 stockholders , 



farms, 
farms. 



acres, 
farms. 



Other— cooperative. ' 



See footnotes at end o( table. 

86 MAINE 



6 002 
1 167 728 

5 997 
1 148 150 

2 073 
196 037 

2 058 
194 438 



2 232 

380 

1 472 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Tenants . 

Black and c 
Full owne 
Part ownf 



r races 



Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned 

Owned land in farms 



Land rented or leased from otfiers . 



acres- 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place c 
On farm operated ._- 
Not on farm operated 



Other 
Operators by days of v 

1 to 99 days 

) days- 



zoo days ( 
Not reported - 

Operators by years on present farm: 



years or more 

Average years on present farm . 



Operators by age group; 



25 to 34 years . 
35 to 44 years _ 
45 to 49 years . 
50 to 54 years . 

55 to 59 years . 
60 to 64 years . 
65 to 69 years . 

Average age . 

by sex: 



Male. 



Operators of Spanisfi origin (see t 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) _ 
Partnership 



t^ore than 10 stockhold 
10 or less stockholders 

Other-cooperative, estate t 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE 



70 818 

396 

69 676 



73 378 

19 

3 662 



309 677 

1 013 

305 930 


269 845 

467 

267 961 


505 
57 204 

502 
56 734 


250 
42 883 

249 
42 743 



311 796 

84 

30 015 



235 031 

48 

31 067 



MAINE 87 



Table 51. 

[For meaning o 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text J 



FARMS BY SIZE 












515 


70 to 99 acres 


564 


100 to 139 acres 


812 






















1 000 to 1 999 acres 


106 


2 000 acres or more 


30 


FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 


70 




1 730 










Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, nee (0133, 0134, 0139) 


1 730 
230 


Fruits and tree nuts (017) 


780 




280 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 








Dairy farms (024) ___ 

Animal specialties (027)"i;;;i;i;i;iIII 
General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 

Farms with- 


- farms- 
number.- 


862 
216 
315 

62 

2 637 
119 475 






50 to 99 


424 


100 to 199 


241 






500 or more'::::::::::::::::::::: :::"--:-- 




Cows and heifers that had calved 

Beef cows 

Farms with - 
1 to 9 


.. farms- 
number.. 
.. farms.. 


2 271 
61 597 

11 782 
943 


10 to 49 


368 


100 to 199 


3 


200 to 499 


1 






Milk cows 

Farms with- 
1 to4_ 


-- fanns.. 
number.. 


1 183 
49 815 

263 






50 to 99 


273 


















2 025 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 

Cattle and calves sold 


number., 
famis 


47 036 

1 666 
10 842 

2 366 


Calves 

Cattle 


"sTooo:: 

-. farms., 
number.. 
$1.000.. 


50 357 
15 329 

1 465 
26 156 

2 842 
2 087 


Fattened on gram and concentrates 


number.. 
$1.000.. 


24 201 
12 487 



88 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


140 10 179 


180 to 219 
acres 


220 to 259 
acres 


260 to 499 
acres 


500 to 999 
acres 


1,000 to 1,999 
acres 


2,000 acres or 
more 


FARMS BY SIZE 


562 

3 
192 

20 
60 
12 
26 

143 
77 

73 
1? 
6 

257 
6 916 

150 
42 

225 

3 596 

156 

1 285 

106 
50 

96 

2 311 

18 
6 
69 

3 

202 
2 294 

164 

1 026 

239 

2 981 
901 

1 267 
130 
206 

1 714 
771 

194 
81 


409 

6 

151 

151 

10 
51 

19 

81 
56 

59 
11 

179 

65 
80 
34 
9 

3jf6 
95 
890 

61 
33 

2 346 

16 

48 
12 

124 
2 406 

116 
489 

168 

110 
1 278 
101 
151 
1 221 
692 
30 
106 
56 


321 

3 
99 

99 

7 
34 

6 
13 

61 
42 

83 
6 

2 

174 
8 075 

28 

69 
62 
15 

153 

4 248 

68 

621 

43 
25 

96 
3 627 

2 
57 
28 

151 
3 244 

99 
583 

170 
3 570 

997 

120 
1 898 

150 

149 
1 672 

847 
23 

160 
82 


357 

357 

20 
96 
8 

13 

176 
116 

314 
12 

7 

589 
39 053 

77 
190 
175 
137 

10 

539 

20 210 

241 

3 172 

127 

104 

9 

363 
17 038 

7 
142 
155 
18 

500 

15 605 

361 

3 238 

573 

16 589 

4 557 
408 

9 483 

1 112 

524 

7 106 

3 446 

76 

581 

277 


474 

:^_ 

168 

5 

3 
17 

51 
28 

160 

5 
9 

2 

246 
32 111 

15 
47 
55 
66 
62 

234 

16 895 

72 

1 179 

30 
39 
3 

182 
15 716 

10 
5 
35 
65 
58 
8 

232 
13 399 

160 

1 817 

247 
11 153 
3 015 

192 
5 905 

421 

226 
5 248 

2 594 

30 
317 
189 


106 

3 
53 

53 

1 
10 

3 

6 

24 

2 
2 

40 

7 911 

5 
8 
3 
5 
17 
2 

35 

15 
284 

9 
5 

26 
3 819 

2 

2 

4 
13 

30 

3 440 

368 

38 

4 606 
2 073 

31 

2 089 

222 

2 517 
1 851 

(D) 
(D) 




10 to 49 acres ._ 


- 






100 to 139 acres 




















1 000 to 1 999 acres 






30 


FARMS BY STANnARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 




Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


13 






Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 


13 






Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 


7 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 


3 




2 










Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 


_. farms- 


2 028 


50 to 99 












500 or more 








7 


Beef covis 

Farms with- 


number.. 
.. farms.. 


1 322 

3 

410 










100 to 199 

200 to 499 








Milk cows 


"number!; 


5 
912 


5S9::::::::::::::;:::::::;:: :::::: 

10 to 49 


- 


50 to 99 








200 to 499 


I 






6 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 


number.. 




Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


.. farms., 
number.. 
$1,000.. 
.. farms., 
number.. 
$1.000.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 

"sToo^o';; 


57 

7 

165 

6 

473 

28 

6 

270 

137 

2 

(D) 

(D) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 89 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 



Hogs and pigs inventory _ 

Farms wilh- 


terms.. 

number.. 






1 00 to 1 99 






Used or to be used for breeding ... 


terms.. 

number.. 




number.. 


Feeder Dias.. 


number.. 

$1.000.. 

terms.. 



Dec. 1 and May 31 



Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory.. 
Ewes 1 year old or older 



Sheep and lambs sold .. 
Sheep and lambs shorn . 



Horses and ponies inventory. 

Horses and ponies sold 

Goats inventory 

Goats sold- 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old c 
Farms vi/ith — 





3 200 to 9 999 


10 000 to 19 999 






100 000 or more 






Pullets 3 months old or older not of 


number., 
farms 


ens and pullets sold 


number.. 
... farms.. 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens 



sold farms.. 

number- 
Farms with- 


2 000 to 59,999 


60 000 to 99 999 




Turkey hens kept for breeding 


farms 


Turkeys sold 


farms" 



258 226 

29 

507 349 



1 956 
110 

2 211 



See footnotes at end of table 



90 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

[Fo 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 



> used fof breeding . 



Hogs and pigs sold . 
Feeder pigs 




1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9,999 ... 
10.000 to 19.999. 
20.000 to 49,999 . 
50.000 to 99,999 . 
100,000 or more . 



Hens and pullets of laying age . 



lumber, 
farms. 



Broilers and other meat-type chicl^en 
sold 


farms 


Farms with- 
1 to 1,999 




2 000 to 59 999 










Turkeys sold 


number.. 
- - - farms-- 



60 100 

13 

128 365 



133 635 

25 

643 858 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 91 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

IFor meaning o! abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green chop _ farms. 





tons, green. _ 


Farms by acres harvested: 


acres.. 






250 to 499 acres 


500 acres or more 








bushels.; 




acres.. 


Imgated 


cwtll 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) . 



Land in orcl 
Irrigated . 



to 99.9 acres ... 
I to 249.9 acres. 
I acres or more . 



22 412 030 

34 

3 485 



3 672 
221 675 
393 393 



92 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green chop farms.- 

Irngated farms-. 

acres-- 

1 to 24 acres _ 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres.. 

250 to 499 acres __ 

500 acres or more 

Oats for gram farms.. 

bushels.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Irish potatoes farms.. 

acres.. 
cwt.. 

Imgated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres _ 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms.. 

tons, dry.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Famis by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres _ 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 

and wild hay (see text) __ farms.. 

acres., 
tons, dry.. 

acres.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms.. 

Imgated farnis.. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25 to 99.9 acres 

100 to 249.9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated (arms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres _ 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Berries harvested for sale ._ farms.. 

acres-. 

Imgated _ farms.. 

acres.. 

'Data are based on a sample of farms. 
'Farms wild total production expenses equal 



645 566 
(D) 



i of agricultural products sold t 



I included as farms v 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 93 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 



nlroductoiy textl 



$500,000 or more 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

Land in larms acres. 

Average size o( farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) (arms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less tfian $1,000 (see iext) 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999... 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999... 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wtieal farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more _ farms. 

$1,000. 

et com, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fnjits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more famis. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Catlle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table, 

94 MAINE 



6 269 
405 484 
64 681 



8 221 

29 

5 005 



11 582 

49 

8 655 



128 641 

154 

127 902 



2 503 
5 
(D) 

5 
8 385 

5 
8 385 

2 
(D) 

(D) 

7 
7 878 

7 
7 878 

9 
85 787 

9 
85 787 

3 
2 703 

2 703 



6 575 

10 

6 575 



2 912 

38 

2 675 



12 237 

168 

12 054 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

i symbols, see introductory text] 



] of abbreviations i 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



otal sales (see text) 

Average per farm — _ 


farms.- 

$1,000.. 


Farms by value of sales: 
























$500 000 to $999 999 










$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum for grain 


$i,ooo" 


Oats 


$1,000.. 
farms.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 

Sales of $50,000 or more _ 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 






Sales of $60,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

$i%oo:: 


Vegetables, svieet com, and melon 


s .... farms.. 
$1,000.. 

$i,ooo" 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


Fruits nuts and berries 


farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms 


Sales of $50 000 or more 




$1,000.. 




farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 
$1^000i; 


Poultry and poultry products 


$i,oooII 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


Dairy oroducts 


farms 




......^'a^^.: 




$1,000.. 


Cattle and calves 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 95 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 



3 of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







All fanns 


$500,000 


or more 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 






$1,000,000 


Total 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 




295 
1 064 

367 

549 
879 

477 

13 070 

5 

11 832 

324 276 

51 752 

1 742 
21 876 

1 332 
280 

19 

3 197 
94 386 

354 
121 

2 044 
63 160 

1 142 
548 
219 

2 525 

10 684 

1 505 
543 
376 
101 

3 252 

16 437 

2 451 
666 

98 
37 

2 821 

11 996 

2 226 
513 

50 
32 

12 827 

5 242 

577 

30 

8 

5 232 

6 421 

3 268 

4 252 

87 
105 

4 128 
2 049 


(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

26 

98 795 
3 799 816 

10 461 

2 
8 

13 
44 559 

1 

1 
11 

12 
21 651 

12 
860 

2 

3 

7 

1 158 

3 
6 

7 

18 
1 638 

2 
2 
2 
12 

26 
1 874 

4 

7 
10 
5 

24 
711 

20 
785 

1 
(D) 

24 

(D) 


,d1 

2 

(D) 

(D) 

132 170 
1 421 178 

42 
12 924 

2 

21 
15 

53 703 

2 

2 
39 

42 
30 562 

3 
38 

58 

2 752 

2 
9 

33 

64 

3 289 

6 
8 

21 
27 

65 
3 143 

12 
15 
14 
24 

92 

2 934 

24 
40 
20 
8 

85 
1 123 

74 

1 167 

6 

53 

89 
591 


5 
9 

7 
(D) 

1 
(D) 

199 
51 962 
261 114 

82 
3 299 

12 
12 
55 
3 

122 
15 637 

4 
2 
48 
68 

13 916 

2 

37 
69 

149 

1 890 

10 
70 
41 
28 

162 
3 121 

28 

82 
46 
6 

167 

2 223 

72 
64 
24 

7 

197 
1 856 

60 

129 

8 

193 
867 
164 
726 
9 
9 

195 
254 


325 
2 
(D) 

12 

17 

295 

2 

(D) 

570 
67 371 
118 194 

2 955 

87 
33 

307 
13 671 

9 
57 
227 

295 
11 058 

16 
110 
142 

27 

451 

3 199 

150 
129 
136 
36 

487 
5 175 

153 
303 
27 

459 
3 377 

212 
236 
10 

561 
3 136 

304 

255 

2 

542 

1 538 

489 

1 173 

9 

10 

556 
416 


6 
55 

(D) 

10 
19 

9 
148 

2 
(Dl 

525 
28 362 
54 023 

124 
526 

89 
33 
2 

320 
5 744 

49 
196 
75 

307 

230 
35 

372 

1 485 

172 
96 
100 

422 

2 352 

253 

166 

3 

329 
1 294 

195 
133 

522 
1 767 

404 
118 

493 
988 
415 
466 
2 
(D) 

519 
(D) 






$1,000_. 
farms 


75 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 


$1,000.. 

.. (arms.. 
$1,000.. 


6 
2 


Other livestock and livestock products 
(see teirt) 

Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 
farms 


6 
99 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 


$1,000.. 




Average per (arm 

Livestock and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses of- 


$1.000.. 
..dollars.. 

.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


6 880 
34 747 

48 
342 

18 










$100 000 or more 




Feed for livestock and poultry 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. (arms.. 
$1.000.. 


116 
1 288 






$25 000 to $99 999 






. 


Commercially mixed fomiula feeds -- 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


900 
45 










$60 000 or more 




Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


115 
273 

61 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 






farms 


117 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1.000.. 


463 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $49 999 






_ 


Agncultural chemicals 

$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


98 

344 

66 


$5 000 to $24 999 


32 












fanns 


189 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


484 


$5 000 to $24 999 


29 










Gasoline and gasohol — 


-. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


177 
254 


Natural gas 


$1.000.. 
farms 


130 
10 
(D) 

187 




$1.000.. 


(D) 



96 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


$25,000 to 
$38,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


''■Z^l 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Loss than 
$2,500 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 




80 

123 

22 
158 

343 
6 396 
24 478 

93 
415 

61 
32 

161 

1 517 

21 
139 

148 
1 023 

50 
97 

186 
567 

67 
72 
47 

209 
502 

175 
34 

203 
374 

194 
9 

325 

449 

325 

309 
275 
199 

303 

57 


2 

(D) 

7 
(D) 

2 999 
19 992 

36 
151 

28 
8 

62 
337 

33 

299 

25 
28 

57 
127 

20 
19 
18 

82 
216 

75 
6 

80 

113 

79 

1 

134 
203 

128 
6 

107 
78 
62 

118 
34 


39 
215 

32 
135 

32 

192 

481 
5 996 
12 466 

124 
213 

112 
12 

224 
587 

190 
34 

118 
223 

215 

109 

190 
25 

269 
368 

265 

265 
292 

264 

1 

472 

419 

472 

\ 

408 
227 
241 
102 
13 
12 

358 
77 


61 

183 

84 
286 

784 
6 705 
8 552 

144 
248 

125 
19 

256 
320 

256 

99 
103 

99 

309 

241 
68 

426 
556 

404 
22 

379 
520 

359 

772 
546 

772 

697 

354 

103 

8 

3 

515 
87 


57 
62 

90 
(D) 

(0) 

862 

305 
336 

289 
16 

391 
473 

381 
10 

195 
168 

195 

280 

260 
20 

370 
163 

370 

308 
155 

305 
3 

858 
409 

858 

764 
261 

75 
10 
9 

466 
63 




Sales of $50,000 or more 

Sheep, lambs, and wool 

Sales o( $50,000 or more 

Other livestock and livestock products 


$1.000,. 
_. farms- 
Si. 000.. 

.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 

"stoooll 


60 

297 
(D) 

195 
(D) 




$1.000.. 

.. farms.. 

$1.000.. 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 






$1.000.. 
dollars 


IWs 


Livestock and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


^ 


$5,000 to $24,999 


29 


$25 COO to $99 999 




$100 000 or more 




Feed for livestock and poultry 


farms 


1 194 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4.999 


$1.000.. 


1 110 
1 161 






$100 000 or more 




Commercially mixed formula feeds .. 

Farms vnth expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


554 
305 

554 


$5 000 to $24 999 














.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 




Farms with expenses of- 


44 
332 










$25,000 or more 




Commercial fertilizer 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


644 
231 

644 










$50 000 or more 




Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


468 
162 






$25,000 to $49,999 




$50 000 or more 




Petroleum products 

Fanns with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


1 735 
624 

1 735 






$25,000 to $49,999 




$50 000 or more 




Gasoline and gasohol 

Diesel fuel 


.. famis- 
$1,000.. 

.. farms- 
$1,000.. 

.. farms- 
Si ,000. . 


737 
131 


LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. 


822 




$1,000.. 


63 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 





. see introductory text) 


















All farms 


$500,000 or more 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 






$1,000,000 
or more 


Total 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total lam production expenses -Con. 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


4 574 
7 596 

3 140 

1 177 
245 

12 

3 108 
51 613 

767 
362 
57 

906 

4 978 

386 
347 
148 
25 

5 381 
19 687 

4 330 
947 
76 
28 

3 052 

870 
430 
127 

2 753 
15 455 

2 036 
635 

2 032 

11 312 

521 
969 
477 
65 

1 445 

4 143 

800 
473 
160 
12 

1 287 

3 845 

1 098 

52 
18 

6 064 
11 460 

5 695 
240 

115 

5 630 
38 383 

4 512 
831 
166 
121 


26 
1 974 

9 

26 
17 662 

3 
3 
20 

13 
1 494 

3 
2 
8 

25 

1 824 

2 
6 

13 

12 
207 

5 
3 

24 
3 261 

3 

7 

8 

23 

2 145 

3 
6 
13 

9 
1 117 

579 

3 

7 

25 
869 

8 

8 
8 

26 

10 373 

2 
22 


91 
2 502 

1 
22 
56 
12 

91 
23 679 

1 
16 
33 

34 

2 162 

2 
6 
12 

90 

3 418 

14 
32 
21 

45 
590 

8 

\l 
9 

83 

4 605 

16 
31 
28 
8 

74 
3 208 

5 

24 
32 

1 397 

6 
8 
21 
6 

48 
990 

12 
9 
13 

91 

33 
16 
30 
12 

93 

14 005 

21 
12 
49 


197 

1 129 

88 
100 

187 
8 958 

10 

122 

47 
454 

5 

24 

194 

2 967 

126 
27 
5 

93 
454 

24 

40 
26 
3 

168 
2 240 

52 
92 
24 

138 
1 613 

5 
46 
70 
17 

83 
627 

18 
24 
36 
5 

117 
517 

83 
23 

2 

197 
1 059 

120 
48 
29 

199 
6 159 

68 
55 
43 


553 
1 712 

78 
396 
79 

521 
11 626 

55 

286 

178 

2 

120 
1 018 

13 
50 
51 

553 
5 130 

154 
372 
27 

286 
895 

107 

131 

43 

5 

464 
4 007 

189 
255 

384 
3 086 

26 
127 
216 

15 

224 
921 

40 
116 
67 

298 
860 

249 
27 
20 

2 

549 
1 922 

444 
87 
18 

570 
8 686 

150 
311 
80 
29 


476 
910 

121 
345 
10 

450 
3 735 

159 
269 
22 

60 
205 

33 
15 

509 
2 498 

175 

201 
486 

92 
73 
36 

387 
1 619 

252 

133 

2 

281 
1 167 

49 
153 
78 

233 
452 

115 
92 
26 

226 
598 

188 
25 

488 
1 081 

464 
21 

525 
4 062 

257 
251 
17 


159 


$1 to $999-- 


205 


$5 000 to $24 999 








Hired farm labor 

Farms with expenses of- 


. farms- 
$1.000.. 


137 
757 

77 






$25 000 to $99 999 










. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


63 


Farms with expenses ot- 




$1,000 to $4.999 - 

$5 000 to $24 999 


40 
9 








. farms.- 
$1.000.. 


183 


Farms with expenses ol- 




$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $49 999 






. 


Customwork. machine hire, and rental o 


. farms.- 
$1,000.- 


66 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


76 
46 


$1,000 to $4.999 


18 


$25 000 or more 




Interest expense 


'$1,000- 


130 
302 

114 




16 


$25 000 to $99 999 




$100 000 or more 




Secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


. farms. - 
$1,000- 


31 




60 




10 


$25 000 or more 






. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


79 


Farms with expenses of- 


51 


$1 000 to $4 999 


27 


$5 000 to $24 999 








Cash rent — - 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.- famis.- 
$1,000- 


46 
79 

45 


$5 000 to $9 999 












Property taxes 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


196 
390 

189 


$5 000 to $9 999 












Farms with expenses ot- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


198 
1 029 

130 


$5 000 to $24 999 






1 







98 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electncity.. _ farms, 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to $999 - -- 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._. 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor... farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment __ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 , 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000, 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 , 

$5,000 to $24,999 , 

$25,000 to $49,999 , 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 99 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm _. 


$1.000.. 
dollars.. 




Gam ot- 
Less than $1 000 


$1 000 to $9 999 


$10,000 to $49.999 






Average net loss 

Loss of- 


- dollars.. 




$10 000 to $49 999 


$50,000 or more 



Government payments 


.. farms.. 
$1.000_. 

'"$1.000'; 

fanns 


Other farm-related income' 


Customwork and other agncultural 




$1,000.- 


Gross cash rent or share payments ... 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 

""$i.ooo;i 

farms 


Forest products and Christmas trees .. 






$1.000.. 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 






, 


Corn 


$1.000.. 
farms 


Wheat 


$1.000.. 
farms 




^^,r- 




$1,000.. 




farms 




$1,000.. 


Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey 


$1,000.. 
.- farms-. 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland- farms. 

acres- 
Harvested cropland farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres f 



50 to 99 acres ... 
100 to 199 acres. 
200 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



and not pastured - 
On which all crops failed - 



acres-, 
acres.. 



Total V 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end c 

100 MAINE 



592 309 

5 486 

410 891 

3 273 



772 
33 608 

1 473 
206 
6 679 
1 245 
52 171 

4 565 

615 780 

1 158 

59 939 



21 
31 141 

18 
24 312 



5 551 
(D) 



30 651 

10 

2 585 

64 

28 066 



67 240 

174 

53 202 



10 604 
76 351 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm . 



Gain of- 
Less than $1,000... 
$1,000 to $9,999... 
$10,000 to $49,999. 
$50,000 or more ... 



Forest products and 



Com 




"rr-- 






$i^§:: 






^?r-- 






-$iMo: 

farms 






$1,000.. 


LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 


$1,000. _ 
. farms.. 
$1.000.. 






fonno"" 


'Tl%l%Ts'^'''''- 


50 to 99 acres 






500 to 999 acres 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 




Cropland: 
Pasture or grazing only 

In cover aops, legumes, and soil- 

and not pastured 


. farms-. 
acres- 

. farms., 
acres.. 


In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 




. farms" 
acres.. 


Total woodland 




acres.. 


Woodland pastured 




. farms^I 


See footnotes at end of 


lable 





43 693 

659 

27 124 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 101 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



J symbols, see introductory text] 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE -Con. 






Pastureland and rangeland other than 
cropland and woodland pastured 


. farms- 


3 849 
98 596 


Land in house lots, ponds, roads, 
wasteland, etc. - 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs 

Conservation reserve program 


- farms.. 
acres.. 


. farms., 
acres.. 


134 

4 589 
115 

5 941 


Value of land and buildings' 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 
.dollars., 
.dollars.. 


6 266 

1 320 729 

210 777 

962 


Farms by value group: 
$1 to 139 999 




652 


$40,000 to $69,999 - _ — 


773 


$100 000 to $149 999 - - 


998 










$500 000 to $999 999 


389 


$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 - 


119 


$5,000,000 or more - _._ 


5 



Farms by value group; 




$5,000 to $9,999 


$10 000 to $19 999 






$100,000 to $199,999 




SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 




Motortrucks, including pickups 


farms.. 


Wheel tractors 


farms 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) ... 


number.. 
farms.. 


40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


farms.. 


Grain and bean combines 


farms.. 


Cottonpickers and strippers 

Mower conditioners 


farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 




number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 




Commercial fertilizer 

acres on 


farms.. 

which used.. 




which used.. 


control - 
Insects on hay and other crops .... 

Nematodes In crops .'...." 

Diseases in crops and orchards .... 

Weeds, grass, or brush In crops anc 


farms.. 

which used.. 

farms" 

which used.. 


acres on which used.- 


Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of mjit .. 


farms.. 



5 537 
12 236 

5 597 
14 260 

3 805 

6 201 
3 549 



2 152 
2 326 
2 708 
2 925 



72 535 

1 833 
138 262 



34 912 

2 327 

34 

16 867 



acres on which used.. 



102 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



















$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con 














Pastureland and rangeland other than 
cropland and woodland pastured farms. _ 

Und in house lots, ponds, roads, 

wasteland, etc. farms.. 

acres.. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs - farms.. 

acres.. 


45 
4 592 

166 
4 139 


16 
446 

94 
1 994 


84 
4 172 

346 
8 242 


92 
2 255 

429 
8 012 


137 
3 570 

10 427 


399 
8 160 

1 273 
23 828 


4 
163 

2 
(D) 


,o1 


46 
10 
957 


3 

49 

469 


5 

15 

7 

593 


5 
19 
613 


Value of land and buildings' farms- 

$1,000.. 


65 163 

189 980 

780 


150 
32 355 
215 700 


481 

92 749 

192 825 

977 


784 

149 549 

190 751 

1 107 


862 
1 158 


2 061 


Average per acre dollars.. 


1 133 


Farms by value group: 


38 
59 
52 
57 


2 
17 
37 
35 

2 


74 
65 
72 
46 


88 

130 
142 
79 


136 
145 
92 
146 
106 


313 










$100 000 to $149 999 


373 


$150 000 to $199 999 






15 


45 
9 
3 


24 
16 
2 


195 
35 


196 
39 




$500 000 to $999 999 


71 


$1 000 000 to $1 999 999 






_ 




- 


VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 














Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Famis by value group: 
$1 to $4,999 .^....'. 


343 
10 601 

13 
109 
148 

59 


150 
5 282 

17 
3 
17 
93 


480 
15 203 

25 
51 
115 
205 
60 


784 
21 417 

47 
123 

1^ 
77 


862 

16 345 

87 
195 
287 
252 

34 


2 060 
24 082 

389 


$10,000 to $19.999 

$20 000 to $49 999 


443 
362 


$50,000 to $99.999 


46 


$100 000 to $199 999 


? 


16 


15 
9 


8 
20 


7 


2 


$200 000 to $499 999 


2 






SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 
















324 
837 
326 
888 

371 
247 
517 


135 
217 
124 
362 
72 
136 
100 
226 


456 
852 
434 
1 008 
301 
426 
274 
582 


714 
1 458 
697 
I 635 
510 
941 
419 
694 


814 
1 165 
797 
1 594 
637 
994 
409 
600 


1 568 


Wheel tractors farms.. 

number.. 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms.. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farmsll 

number.. 


2 143 
1 707 

1 354 

1 937 

722 

921 




43 
43 

145 
147 
214 
226 


20 
24 

57 
58 
66 
82 


35 

195 
216 
268 
296 


50 
52 

275 
297 
329 
352 


43 
44 

271 
282 
354 
361 


38 


number.. 
Cottonpickers and strippers farms.. 

number., 
lulower conditioners.. farms.. 

number.. 
Pickup balers farms 


38 

427 

444 


number.. 


735 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 














Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Lime farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc, to 
control - 

Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 


209 

9 308 

95 

2 192 

2 205 

120 

32 

830 

70 

2 500 

163 
4 900 


82 
3 720 

30 
552 
476 

68 
1 481 

208 

28 

1 043 

42 
1 426 


9 159 

74 

1 025 

1 015 

193 
3 684 
20 
286 
104 
1 S29 

200 

3 896 


426 

9 988 

77 

1 407 

1 701 

284 

4 743 

147 

2 128 

254 

5 055 


370 
5 554 
97 
516 
937 

188 
1 377 

?] 
851 

137 
1 657 


644 

8 189 

194 

2 708 

170 
963 
13 


acres on which used.. 


1^ 


acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 


637 
134 


acres on which used.. 




Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms.. 

acres on which used.. 


53 
1 433 


328 


30 
555 


80 
925 


19 
170 


34 
169 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 103 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 



t symbols, see introductory text] 







All farms 


$500,000 


or more 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 






$1,000,000 
or more 


Total 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 


















All ODerators 




6 269 

4 211 

1 786 

272 

6 249 
4 196 

269 

20 
15 
2 


26 
10 
15 

25 
10 
15 


93 
39 
52 
2 

92 

52 

1 


66 
129 

199 
66 
129 


610 
212 
372 
26 

609 
212 
371 
26 


553 
244 
270 
39 

550 
241 
270 
39 

3 
3 


174 




93 








15 




173 




93 


Pallowne'rs " 


65 




15 


Black and other races - 


1 


Partowners 


1 


Tenants.. 






OWNED AND RENTED LAND 


















Land owned 

Owned land in farms 


. farms., 
acres.. 

. farms- 
acres.. 


6 002 
1 167 728 

5 997 
1 148 150 


25 
39 003 

25 
36 644 


91 
84 300 

91 
81 647 


195 
98 959 

195 
98 504 


585 
188 523 

584 
187 036 


514 
126 750 

514 
125 292 


159 
41 762 

159 
41 329 


Land rented or leased from others 

Rented or leased land in farms 


. farms.. 
. farms,. 


2 073 
196 037 

2 058 
194 438 


16 
9 715 

16 
9 415 


54 
21 625 

54 
21 293 


23 481 

133 

23 466 


400 
47 996 

398 
47 735 


311 
28 895 

309 
28 756 


82 

8 037 

81 

7 697 


Land rented or leased to others 


. farms., 
acres.. 


368 
21 177 


2 659 


2 985 


8 
470 


22 
1 748 


36 
1 595 


11 
773 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 


















Operators by place of residence: 




5 276 
654 


10 


61 
25 


173 


517 
54 


469 
64 


141 


Not on farm operated 


27 


Operators by principal occupation: 


3 220 
3 049 


22 


84 


188 


579 
31 


500 


138 


Sr^::::::::::::::::::::::;;:::: 




36 


Operators by days of woric off farm: 




2 275 

3 653 
676 
724 

2 253 


15 
10 
6 


61 
28 

7 
10 


149 
42 
19 

12 


421 
133 
58 
38 
37 


348 
167 
64 
50 
53 


90 




75 








17 


200 days or more 


25 






, 












Operators by years on present farm: 


267 

402 

1 039 

3 680 

188 


6 

15 

21 9 


2 

1 
16 

21.8 


5 

5 

14 

149 

223 


20 
22 
79 
391 
200 


22 

25 

78 

353 

20.9 


5 


3 or 4%ea/f *^ 


19 








104 




20.4 




881 




13 


26 


98 


75 


23 


Operators by age group: 


53 

1 469 
763 
757 


2 
3 

1 
5 


24 
9 
15 


16 
43 
35 
34 


79 
150 
77 
90 


6 
71 
128 
66 
71 


2 






35 to 44 years 


30 






50 to 54 years 




55 to 59 years 


760 
622 
566 
668 

51,7 


9 
2 
2 
2 
53.9 


21 
6 
5 
5 
50-1 


29 
26 

5 
50.2 


84 
56 

23 
48.6 


66 

41 
45 
50.2 


19 








13 










Ope^orsbysex: 


5 705 
564 


25 


91 
2 


192 

7 


593 


537 
16 


166 


Female 




8 






16 






- 


1 


3 










FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 


















Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 

Corporation: 
Family held 

More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


.. farms., 
acres.. 

.. farms- 
acres.. 

.. farms., 
acres.. 

" farms- 


5 594 
1 059 102 

281 
(D) 
278 


15 221 

3 

2 290 

17 614 

7 


45 

38 638 

12 

9 909 

31 
43 246 

30 


115 

60 222 

27 

19 902 

52 
39 539 

52 


483 

175 709 

55 

23 447 

63 
32 034 

63 


480 
124 068 

16 638 

24 
8 759 

24 


35 857 

18 

9 595 

12 
3 574 


Other than family held 


farms 


19 
(D) 


(D) 
2 


(D) 
3 


3 
(D) 

3 


(D) 
7 








acres.. 


; 


10 or less stockholders 


.. farms.. 




Other-cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc 


--rel:: 


25 
14 800 


1 
(D) 


(D) 


2 
(D) 


2 
(D) 


5 
4 585 


: 



at end of table. 

104 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Con. 



Black a 
Full c 
Parte 



Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned 



Owned land in farms - 



acres. 



Rented or leased land in farms , 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

I farm operated 



Not I 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Otfier 

Operators by days of work off farm 
None 



I days 

100 to 199 days... 
200 days or more . 



Operators by years on present farm; 



10 years or more 

Average years on pr( 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 



r25v 



50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over . 
Average age 

by sex: 



> of Spanish origin (see text) 



Individual or family (sole proprietorsfiip) . 
Partnersfiip 

Corporation: 



( held . 



I stockholders . 



luloret 



Other than family held . 



Other — cooperative, estate or trust. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



28 987 

148 

28 621 



26 140 

13 

2 529 



115 817 

834 

113 259 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 
































220 to 259 acres 


321 


260 to 499 acres 


1 028 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2 000 acres or more 


106 
30 


FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 


70 


Field crops except cash grains (013) 


1 730 















Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes: field crops, except cash 




Vegetables and melons (016) 






230 




780 








280 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry 


and 






Beef cattle, except feediots 10212Y :::::::::::::: 




Dairy farms (024) 






862 


Poultry and eggs (025) 


216 


General farms, pnmarily livestock and 




LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory ... 
Farms «-itti- 




- farms.. 
number.. 


2 637 
119 475 

854 










1 00 to 1 99 


241 


200 to 499 


95 








RivPd 










number.. 


61 597 
1 331 
11 782 


Farms with- 




number.. 


1 to 49 


368 






100 to 199 __ 










49 815 


number.. 
Farms with- 


5 to 9 


65 










100 to 199 

200 to 499_._ 


90 

15 


Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 

Cattle and calves sold 

Calves - 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


.. farms.. 

.. farms., 
number.. 

.. farms- 
number.. 
$1.000__ 
.. farms- 
number. - 
$1,000.. 
.. farms., 
number.. 
$1,000.. 
- farms-, 
number.. 
$1,000.. 


2 025 
47 036 

1 666 
10 842 

2 366 
50 357 
15 329 

1 465 
26 156 

2 842 
2 087 

24 201 
12 487 
433 
2 604 
1 332 



8 277 

55 
1 242 



106 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductorv text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 



Con. 



220 to 259 acres . 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) . 



Dairy far 
Poultry i 



i(027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
!(029) 





50 to 99 


100 to 199 








thad 










number 


number.. 

Faims with- 
1 to 9 


10 to 49 




100 to 199 


200 to 499 




Milk cows 








Farms witfi- 
1 to 4 












50 to 99 


1 00 to 1 99 




500 or more 










Ives, 
bulls 






Steers, steer calves 
calves. 


and bull 


number.. 
farms.. 



Cattle and calves s 

Calves _.. 

Cattle 



2 687 

265 

2 426 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 107 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning at abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 



Hogs and ptgs inventory. 



Farms with - 
1 to 24 .. 
25 to 49 . 
SO to 99. 



Other 

Hogs and pigs sold . 



$1.000_. 
, farms-. 

si.oool! 



June 1 and Nov. 30 

Sheep and lambs ot all ages inventory. 






Sheep and lambs sold ._ 
Sheep and lambs shorn . 



Goats inventory . 
Goats sold 



lumber. 

farms. 

farms. 

farms, 
lumber, 
farms. 



■ older inventory _ , farms. . 



Farms with- 
1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3,200 to 9,999 ... 
10,000 to 19,999 . 
20,000 to 49,999 . 
50,000 to 99,999 . 
100,000 or more . 



Hens and pullets of laying age 

Pullets 3 months old Of older not of 



; and pullets sold . 



Broilers and other meat-type ( 



1 to 1,999. 
2,000 to 59,! 
60,000 to 9S 
100,000 or r 



Turtiey hens kept for breeding . 
Turkeys sold — 



See footnotes at end of table 



(0) 

30 

667 652 



108 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

i symbols. 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 



Farms with - 
1 to 24 .. 
25 to 49 . 



Hogs and pigs sold _ 
Feeder pigs 



Dec. 1 and May 31 ., 
June 1 and Nov. 30 , 



$1,000. 

.. farms.. 

number. 

$1.000.. 

number, 
number, 
number. 



I lambs of all ages Inventory farms. 



Sheep a 
Sheep e 



Horses and ponies inventory. 



Goats inventory . 
Goats sold 



number 

number 

number 
-- farms 
number 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199. 



3.200 to 9.999 ... 
10.000 to 19.999. 
20.000 to 49.999 . 
50.000 to 99.999 . 
100.000 or more . 



I pullets of laying age . 



laying age 

3ns and pullets sold - 



2,000 to 59.999 ., 
60,000 to 99,999 . 
1 00.000 or more . 



Turkey hens kept for breeding . 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 109 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

i and symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

acres 

tons, green. 

In-igated (arms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

25 to 99 acres"I";i"IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIi: 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more. _ 

Oats for grain farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Irish potatoes _ farms. 

cwt! 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres _. 

100.0 to 249.9 acres- 

250.0 acres or more 

grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) _. farms. 

acres. 

tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

25 to 99 acres"IiriIIIIII"-Ii;iI----" 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 
and wild hay (see text) farms. 

tons, dry. 

Imgalad famts. 

acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms, 
acres. 

Inigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres haroested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms. 

acres. 

Inigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99-9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres.. 

250.0 acres or more 

Benies harvested for sale farms. 

acres. 
Inigated farms. 



22 412 030 

34 

3 485 



3 672 
221 675 
393 393 



2 494 
136 898 
240 584 



See footnotes at and of table. 



110 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for silage or green chop farms. . 

acres. . 

tons, green.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

Farms by acres han/esled: 


20 
511 

7 517 

16 
3 

45 

104 242 

(D) 

80 

2 423 

600 028 

2 

(D) 

10 
19 

2 

151 
11 291 
21 124 

34 
81 
28 

120 

8 075 
16 482 

34 

457 

8 

73 

9 
20 
5 

19 
422 

(D) 

3 

? 

42 

6 
50 


297 

9 

5 

13 

728 

54 804 

30 

772 

161 954 

(D) 

6 

7 
17 

75 
5 306 
9 311 

15 
38 
21 

1 

59 
3 387 
5 927 

153 
(D) 

81 

31 
866 

67 


30 

749 

11 438 

20 
9 

1 

24 

958 

63 702 

2 

(D) 

60 

825 

180 947 

(D) 

15 
37 
8 

288 
19 994 
36 733 

59 
151 
74 

227 
15 170 
26 840 

(D) 

39 

2 

42 
520 

24 

131 

2 534 

18 

101 


29 

389 

5 010 

24 
5 

30 

687 

44 929 

56 

323 

74 245 

1 

(D) 

26 
30 

440 
23 546 

3 
108 

95 

293 

49 

3 

316 
16 525 
27 090 

81 
348 
15 
54 

55 
25 

46 
309 

25 
19 
2 

143 

1 732 

13 

54 


29 

244 

3 417 

28 

25 

368 

25 800 

37 

124 

18 648 

29 
8 

548 

21 479 

30 349 

6 

24 

197 
316 
32 

382 
15 423 
21 762 

(D) 

81 
213 
12 
23 

69 
12 

61 

206 

5 

49 
12 

129 
965 
16 
25 


15 

150 

1 293 


















Oats for grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 
Irrigated farms- 
Irish potatoes farms.. 

acres., 
cwt.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 


528 
31 369 

26 

67 

13 122 

24 










100.0 to 249.9 acres. 

250.0 acres or more 

Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms.. 

tons, dry" 
Irrigated farms 


1 310 
30 844 
33 838 

4 


Farms by acres harvested: 


52 


25 to 99 acres 




100 to 249 acres 


26 






Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 
and wild hay (see text) farms.. 

tons, dry:: 

acres.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms- 
acres.. 
Irhgated . farms.. 


725 

15 978 

19 123 

2 

(D) 

112 
178 

7 


acres.. 


25 
108 






25 to 99 9 acres 












Land in orchards farms.. 

acres.. 
Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 


142 

557 

8 

27 

104 






25 to 99 9 acres 


2 


100 to 249 9 acres 










166 




529 
14 
21 



) market value of agncultural products < 



J included as farr 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 111 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



field crops, except 
cast! grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 






Farms 








percent-. 


1000 

1 342 588 

214 


'^^"'Averaoe^ize of farm arrpV 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 






Total sales (see text) 

Average per farm 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 


6 269 
405 484 
64 681 


Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text) 






$1 000 to $2 499 


1 036 
















161 






$40,000 to $49,999 


174 


$50 000 to $99 999 


553 


$100,000 to $249,999 


610 


$250,000 to $499,999 


199 


$500,000 to $999,999 


67 


Grains 

Sales ol $50 000 or more 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 
farms 


564 
4 298 




$1.000.. 


950 


Corn for gram 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 


35 
767 


Soybeans 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


64 


Sorghum for grain 

Barley 

Oats 

Other grains 


... farms.. 
$1,000-. 

"'$i.oooII 

... farms. - 
$1,000.. 

""$i.ooo" 


21 

457 

2 900 

94 

527 


Cotton and cottonseed 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


'"'$1%'oo" 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 




Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000- 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 










Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

"""$i%'oo;; 


7 255 

6 

448 


Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons . 
Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 

"""$i%'oo;; 


509 
8 221 

5 0?i 


Fruits, nuts, and bernes 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 

"'"$i.ooo;; 


914 
30 660 

23 228 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 

Sales of $50,000 or more _ 


... farms.. 

$1.000.. 
... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


370 

11 582 

49 

8 655 

833 

95 811 

488 

90 302 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Poultry and poultry products --. 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


547 
128 641 

154 
127 902 




farms 


949 




$1,000-. 


88 672 




$1,000.. 


80 387 


Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


"'"$i,oooII 

... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


2 366 
15 329 

26 

3 832 


See footnotes at end of table. 






112 MAINE 







1 730 
106 131 
61 347 



2 479 
(D) 



2 479 
10 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



FARMS AND LAND I 



Average per farm 


$1.000.. 
dollars.. 


Farms by value of sales: 
Less ttian $1 .000 (see text) 




$1 000 to $2 499 






$10,000 to $19,999 






$40,000 to $49,999 


$50,000 to $99 999 


$100,000 to $249,999 




$500,000 to $999,999 


$1,000,000 or more 


Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Com for grain __ 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum for grain _ 

Barley 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 


farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Tobacco 


farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more _ 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Hay. silage, and field seeds 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Vegetables, sweet corn, and melon 
Sales of $50,000 or more 


= .... farms.. 
$1,000.. 

"""$i%'oo:: 


Fruits, nuts, and berries 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


famns.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


$i%'oo;; 

farms- 

$1,000.. 




farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

farms.- 

$1,000.. 




farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Cattle and calves 


farms 




$1.000.. 



See footnotes at end ol table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



5 463 
12 
(D) 



MAINE 113 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviatio 



J symbols, see introductory text] 



t cash grains (013) 



Insh potatoes; 
field crops, except 

(0133. 0134.' 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see lext)-Con 

Hogs and pigs - farms. 

$1.000_ 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool.. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purctiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms v^itti expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1 .000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$5,000 to S24^9"imilllllllllll^Vy^V. 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals. farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms, 

$1,000 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000 
Natural gas farms 

$1,000 
LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms 

$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table. 

114 MAINE 



6 266 
324 276 
51 752 



5 232 

6 421 
3 268 



1 596 

2 679 
1 166 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Animal 

ecialties 

(027) 



.. farms- 
Si, 000.. 

"$i,ooo;: 



Stieep. lambs, and wool . 
Sales of $50,000 or mo 



Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) .__ 

Sales of $50,000 or more 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses _ farms-. 

$1,000_. 
Average per farm __dollars_. 



$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 .. 
$25,000 to $99,999 . 



Feed for livestock and poultry 



Farms witti expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 _.. 
$100,000 or more 



Farms > 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 .. 
$25,000 to $79,999 . 
$80,000 or more .__ 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 



$1,000 to $4,999- 
$5,000 to $24,999 
$25,000 or mora . 



Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 or more 



Agricultural chemicals 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 or more 



Petroleum products 

Farms with expenses o 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999.. 
$25,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 or more ... 



Gasoline and gasohol . 



$1,000-. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000-. 

grease, etc 1 — - farms-. 

$1,000-. 
See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 115 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


vegetables 
meOT^s 




^ 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.e.c- 

(0133,0134,0139) 


Fniits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total fanri production expenses-Con. 
Electricity 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


4 574 
7 596 

3 140 

1 177 

245 

12 

3 108 
51 613 

1 922 
767 
362 
57 

906 

4 978 

386 
347 
148 
25 

5 381 
19 687 

4 330 
947 
76 
28 

1 444 

3 052 

870 
430 
127 
17 

2 753 
15 455 

635 
8 

2 032 
11 312 

521 
969 
477 
65 

1 445 

4 143 

800 
473 
160 
12 

1 287 

3 845 

1 098 
119 
52 
18 

6064 
11 460 

5 695 
240 
115 

5 630 
38 383 

4 512 
831 
166 


47 
13 

46 

28 

26 
2 

(D) 

46 
57 

45 

20 

17 
3 

26 

21 
5 

23 

5 
15 
3 

6 
12 

20 
175 

16 
3 

51 
85 

48 

2 

112 

45 
2 


1 236 
1 332 

870 
321 

1 062 
16 089 

573 
324 

24 

184 
867 

71 

38 
6 

1 585 
7 438 

392 
36 
16 

494 
1 542 

253 
167 
61 
13 

936 
5 985 

627 

258 

49 

2 

656 
4 640 

203 
216 
197 
40 

514 
1 345 

272 

179 

57 

6 

524 
1 970 

425 
54 
35 
10 

1 643 
3 731 

1 499 
87 
49 
8 

1 595 
9 764 

1 248 
269 
42 


i 


_ 


1 236 
1 332 

870 
321 

1 062 
16 089 

573 
324 

24 

184 
867 

71 
69 
38 
6 

1 585 
7 438 

1 141 
392 
36 

16 

494 
1 542 

253 
167 
61 
13 

936 
5 985 

627 

258 

49 

2 

656 
4 640 

203 
216 
197 
40 

514 
1 345 

272 

179 

57 

6 

524 
1 970 

425 
54 
35 
10 

1 643 
3 731 

1 499 
87 
49 
8 

1 596 
9 764 

1 248 
269 
42 


183 
104 

165 

17 

86 
1 238 

62 
6 

16 
2 

2?i 
6 

183 
372 

164 
18 

46 
45 

31 
15 

84 
278 

72 
11 

67 

217 

19 
36 

32 

60 

22 
8 
2 

34 
79 

31 
2 

241 
405 

23^ 

224 

676 

183 
39 


372 
425 

334 










$25 000 or more 




Hired farm labor 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms- 
$1.000.. 


8 424 










$100,000 or more 




16 


Farms with expenses ol- 


$1,000.. 


1 961 






$5 000 to $24 999 


43 




13 


Repair and maintenance 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


626 

1 500 


$5 000 to $24 999 


46 


$25 000 to $49 999 


2 






Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farnis with expenses ol- 
$1 to $999 


268 
487 

168 




77 










Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


""$1.00oi; 


281 

241 


$5,000 to $24,999 

$25 000 to $99 999 


33 
5 


$100 000 or more 


2 




famis 


199 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


$1,000.. 


935 
74 


$1 000 to $4 999 


98 




21 












Famis with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


$1,000.. 


267 
94 




36 






$25 000 or more 






famis 


62 


Farnis with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


425 
37 




16 


$10 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 






farms 


737 


Farnis with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


990 
704 




25 


$10 000 to $24 999 


6 


$25 000 or more 


2 


All other farm production expenses... 

Famis with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


696 
3 264 

609 




63 








18 



See footnotes at end of table. 

116 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbrevtations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Horticultural 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 



$5,000 to $24,999 . 
$25,000 to $99,999 
$100,000 or more . 



Contract labor. 



$1,000 to $4,999 .. 
$5,000 to $24,999 . 
$25,000 or more .. 



$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999. _ 
$25,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 or more ... 



machinery and equipment . 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 Of iDore 



$1 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $24,999 .. 
$25,000 to $99,999. 
$100,000 or more .. 



$1,000 to $4.999.. 
$5,000 to $24,999 . 
$25,000 or more .. 



Farms with expenses of- 



$1,000 to $4.9S 
$5,000 to $24.S 
$25,000 or mor 



Property taxes 

Farms with expenses of- 



All other farm production < 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 117 



Table 53. Summary by Standard industrial Ciassification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.e.c. 

(0133, 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



All farms 


number 


6 266 




$1,000.. 


74 252 








rir,ll,rs 


31 859 


Gain of- 








$10 000 to $49 999 


1 027 












rir,ll»r« 


5 522 


Loss of- 








$10 000 to $49 999 


400 


$50,000 or more 


29 



Government payments 


... farms. 
$1,000. 

'"'$1,000; 

farms 


Customwork and other agricultural 




$1,000. 


Gross cash rent or share payments . 


... farms. 

$1,000. 
... farms. 

$1,000. 
... farms. 

$1,000. 


Forest products and Chnstmas trees 
Other farm-related income sources .. 

















$1,000.. 
farms 








$1,000.. 








$1,000.. 


Sorghum, bariey, and oats 
Cotton 




$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Peanuts, rye, 


.ce, tobacco 


and honey. 


$1,000.. 

.. farms-. 

$1,000.. 







Harvested cropland 


. farms.. 






Farms by acres harvested: 




50 to 99 acres 


100 to 199 acres 






1,000 to 1,999 acres 


2,000 acres or more 


Cropland: 




Pasture or grazing only 






acres- 


In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 




improvement grasses, not harvested 




and not pastured 








On which all crops failed 


. farms.. 




acres.. 


In cultivated summer fallov» 


. farms.. 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 

See footnotes at * 

118 MAINE 



3 062 
1 941 
7 942 



5 919 

592 309 

5 486 



6 679 
1 245 
52 171 



1 755 
21 442 
12 218 



202 060 

244 

17 731 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 

except dairy, poultry, 
nimal spe 
(021) 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Poultry 



Animal 

ecialties 

(027) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 




Average per farm 

Farms with net gains' 


$1.000_. 
_..dollars- 


Average net gain 

Gain of- 
Less than $1 .000 


— dollars- 


$1 000 to $9 999 








number 


Average net loss 

Loss of- 


...dollars.. 


$1,000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 


$50,000 or more 



Other farm-related income' 

Customwork and other aghcultural 


... farms. 
$1,000. 

"'$1.000l 


Gross cash rent or share payments .. 
Forest products and Christmas trees . 
Other farm-related income sources ... 


$1,000. 
... farms- 

$1,000. 
... farms. 

$1,000. 
... farms. 

$1,000. 



Total.. - 
Corn - 



Sorghum, bartey. and ( 
Cotton 



Total cropland 



100 to 199 acres.... 
200 to 499 acres.... 
500 to 999 acres .... 
1 .000 to 1 .999 acres . 
2.000 acres or more . 



which all crops failed . 
ultivated summer falloi 



Total 1 
Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



126 874 

254 

14 771 

658 

112 103 



MAINE 119 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 






















Field crops, except cash grains (013) 






Item 


Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets: 

Insh potatoes: 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.e.c. 

(0133,0134,0139) 


Vegetables 
meOT^s 


Fruits and 
(017) 


LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 




















991 
35 903 

3 849 
98 596 


9 
1 068 

46 
1 080 


208 
7 905 

1 003 
30 848 






208 
7 905 

1 003 
30 848 


26 
300 

150 
2 537 


^^ 


acres- 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, 


2 818 
546 


acres- 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 


19 581 


134 

4 589 
115 

5 941 


12 
561 

421 


3 394 

81 

4 671 






98 

3 394 

81 

4 671 


2 
(D) 




Consereation reserve program farms.. 


2 
(D) 


Value of land and buildings' farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm.. dollars.. 


6 266 

1 320 729 

210 777 


53 
10 891 
206 491 


1 755 
343 542 
195 750 






1 755 
343 542 
195 750 


242 
46 884 
193 736 


762 
160 852 
211 092 


Farms by value group: 


652 
773 
916 
998 
699 


14 

7 
9 


159 
207 
333 
276 
221 






159 

276 
221 


26 
36 
14 
29 
65 


102 










$100 000 to $149 999 


117 


$150,000 to $199,999... . 


70 


$200 000 to $499 999 


1 699 

389 

119 

16 

5 


2 


442 
78 
33 
6 


: 


- 


442 
78 
33 
6 


56 
12 
2 
2 


171 




45 




7 






$5 000 000 or more 


3 


VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 


















Estimated market value of all machinery 


6 264 
240 068 

590 
1 227 
1 301 
1 768 

802 


53 
1 890 

21 
11 
5 


1 754 
96 445 

98 

282 
334 
442 
316 


: 


; 


1 754 
96 445 

98 

334 
442 
316 


242 

7 564 

20 
26 
81 
77 
32 


761 


Farms by value group: 


19 590 
76 






$10 000 to $19 999 






215 


$50 000 to $99 999 


56 




375 
183 


3 
2 


158 

115 

9 




: 


158 

115 

9 




15 




8 




2 


SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 




















5 537 
12 236 

5 597 
14 260 

3 805 

6 201 
3 549 
8 059 


51 
109 
52 
135 
28 
51 
37 
84 


1 584 
5 218 
1 654 
4 917 
974 

1 195 
3 254 






1 584 
5 218 
1 654 
4 917 
974 
1 663 

3 254 


224 
401 
212 
556 
152 

?i 
234 


673 


number.. 
Wheel tractors farms . 


1 175 
662 


number.. 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms.. 


1 299 
519 
783 
285 


number.. 


516 


Grain and bean combines farms.. 

number.. 


471 
540 


38 
50 


302 
340 






302 
340 


20 
27 


(D) 


flower conditioners... farms.. 

number.. 
Pickup balers farms.. 

number.. 


2 152 
2 326 
2 708 
2 925 


3 
3 

7 


590 
630 
727 
769 






590 
630 
727 
769 


37 
38 
49 
49 


108 

109 
110 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 




















3 252 
246 899 

1 220 
59 021 
64 204 


48 
4 366 

1 062 
1 380 


1 119 

124 976 

541 

46 512 

47 009 






1 119 

124 976 

541 

46 512 

47 009 


201 

6 909 

69 

872 
1 030 


443 


acres on v^hich used.. 
Lime -. farms.. 

tons- 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc., to 


75 
702 
877 


Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or bnjsh in crops and 

pasture farms.. 

acres on which used.. 


1 728 
129 050 

8 314 

72 535 

1 833 
138 262 


26 
2 846 

34 
2 058 

36 
4 060 


770 

90 112 

60 

5 975 

568 

58 265 

696 
86 965 






770 
90 112 

5 975 

568 

58 265 

696 
86 965 


187 
6 091 
10 
161 
86 
2 425 

120 
4 733 


474 
22 600 
31 
669 
260 
8 208 

430 
15 640 


Chemicals tor defoliation or for grovrth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms.. 

acres on which used- 


552 
53 000 


3 
461 


376 
45 947 






376 
45 947 


738 


137 
5 437 



120 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning o* abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms. 

pnmanly crop 

(019) 



except dairy, poultry, 
and animal specialties 
(021) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



odity acreage adjustment 
Conservation resen/e program 



Value of land and buildings^ 



farms, 
farms.. 



Farms 



! group: 



1 to $39,9 
$40,000 to $69,999-- 
$70,000 to $99.999. __ 
$100,000 to $149,999_ 
$150,000 to $199,999_ 

$200,000 to $499,999- 



$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



) group: 



Farms by vali 
$1 to $4.9£ 
$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49.999 . 
$50,000 to $99.999 . 



$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more 





farms. 


Wheel tractors 


_ . farms 




number. 
farms. 


40 horsepower (PTO) or more . 


farms. 

number. 


Grain and bean combines 


farms. 


Cottonpickers and strippers 


farms. 


Mower conditioners 

Pickup balers 


farms. 

number. 




number. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 
Commercial fertilizer 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, 
control - 
Insects en hay and other crops . 



tor growtn 
control of crops or thinning of fruit ... 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



115 941 

173 046 

1 083 



MAINE 121 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 




Item 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets, 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.ec. 

(0133,0134,0139) 


Fruits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 


TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 


6 269 

4 211 


70 

18 
8 
70 

8 

19 327 

62 

18 281 

6 941 
26 

6 890 
12 

1 097 

45 
22 

33 
37 

15 
53 

35 

22 

17.3 

16 

48.1 
65 

64 

17 101 

1 

(D) 

5 
(D) 

5 


1 730 

1 074 

536 

120 

1 724 

1 070 

536 

118 

6 

2 

1 612 
420 352 

410 495 
658 

65 437 
656 

64 754 
138 

10 540 

1 407 
217 
106 

959 
771 

646 
977 
226 
196 

555 
107 

69 

92 

227 

1 093 

20.4 

249 

22 
178 
402 
202 
210 

181 
167 
161 
207 
51.6 

1 647 
83 
8 

1 552 

376 774 

89 

35 501 

75 
56 496 

74 

5 
1 677 

5 

9 
4 801 






1 730 

1 074 

536 

120 

1 724 

1 070 

536 

118 

6 

2 

1 612 

420 352 

1 610 

410 495 

658 

65 437 

656 

64 754 

138 

10 540 

1 407 
217 
106 

959 
771 

646 
977 
226 
196 
555 
107 

69 
92 
227 
1 093 
20.4 

249 

22 
178 
402 

210 

181 
167 
161 
207 
51.6 

1 647 
83 
8 

1 552 

376 774 

89 

35 501 

75 

56 496 

1 

74 

5 
1 677 

5 

9 
4 801 


230 

68 
15 
230 

68 
15 

215 

24 936 

215 

24 314 

83 

3 605 

83 

3 555 

672 

204 
16 

131 
99 

74 
142 
35 
40 
67 

24 

120 
17.3 

28 

29 
62 
18 
24 
31 
19 
23 
24 
508 

211 
19 

209 

23 too 

15 

(D) 

5 
2 482 

5 

(D) 


780 








1 786 

272 

6 249 

4 196 

1 784 
269 

15 
2 
3 

6 002 

: 5 997 
1 148 150 

2 073 
196 037 

2 058 

194 438 

368 

21 177 

5 276 
654 
339 




Tenants 

White 


35 
779 






Pari owners 






34 








Part owners::::;::— :.-:: 




Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned 


farms 


745 


Owned land in farms 

Land rented or leased from otfiers 

Rented or leased land in farms 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 


"" acres 


147 285 

745 

146 460 

135 

12 903 

135 

12 849 

33 

879 

506 




217 




57 


Operators by principal occupation: 

S;:^"^.:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days 

too to 199 days 


3 220 
3 049 

2 275 

3 653 
676 
724 

2 253 
341 

267 

402 

1 039 

3 680 
188 


280 
500 

225 

510 
102 

315 


Not reported .— 

Operators by years on present farm: 
2 years or less 


45 
34 






5 to 9 years — 

1 years or more 


157 
427 




17 7 






Operators by age group: 
Under 25 years 


53 

611 

1 469 


3 








150 


45 to 49 years 


763 


78 






55 to 59 years 


760 
622 
566 
668 

51,7 

5 705 
564 
16 

5 594 

: 110 356 
281 

: '°i 

278 

: (D) 
: 18 

25 
14 800 




60 to 64 years _ 

65 to 69 years 


90 
78 










Operators by sex: 




Female... 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) ... 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) .. 

Partnership 

Corporation: 


.. farms 
acres 

.. famis 
acres 


2 

671 

103 111 

48 

13 612 


More than 10 stockholders 


fS^l 


33 026 
2 


10 or less stockholders 

Other than family held 


.. farms 
farms 


50 
5 






6 983 


Other-cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc 


.. farms 
"' acres 


5 
2 577 



122 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms. 

primanly crop 

(019) 



ecialties 
(027) 



All operators 

Full owners 




Tenants 


White 






Tenants...::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 






Part owners 




OWNED AND RENTED LAND 




ori 


farms 




acres., 




acres.. 


Land rented or leased from others .... 
Rented or leased land in lamns 


... famns.. 
acres.. 


Und rented or leased to others 


... farms- 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming __ 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 



Operators by years on present farm: 



Average years on present farm . 



Operators by age group: 



25 to 34 years . 
35 to 44 years . 
45 to 49 years . 



55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 
Male 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



r family (sole propnetorship) . 



Corporation: 
Ivlore th 




an 10 stockholders 


lOorle 


.s stockholders — 






fvlore than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


Other-coop 


erative, estate or trust. 



40 526 
2 074 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



197 961 

1 405 

194 039 

399 

23 167 

392 

22 970 



242 262 

241 277 



45 069 

49 
34 261 



MAINE 123 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 



} introductory text] 







Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


Vegetables 
meOT^s 




,.e. 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.ec. 

(0133,0134,0139) 


Fruits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 


FARMS BY SIZE 


419 
1 029 
515 
564 
812 
562 
409 
321 
1 028 
474 
106 
30 

70 
1 730 

1 730 

230 
780 
290 
280 

1 434 
789 

862 
216 

315 

62 

2 637 
119 475 

854 

1 019 
424 

241 
95 

2 271 
61 597 

11 782 

943 

368 

16 

3 

1 

1 183 

49 815 

263 
65 
475 
273 
90 
15 
2 

2 025 
47 036 

1 666 
10 842 

2 366 

50 357 
15 329 

1 465 
26 156 

2 842 
2 087 

24 201 

12 487 
433 


10 

2 

70 

3 
72 

2 

2 

(D) 
2 
(D) 

1 

(0) 

3 
36 

2 

iS 
(D) 

1 


21 
159 
135 
143 
239 
192 
151 

99 
357 
168 

1 730 

1 730 

350 
5 168 

193 

138 

16 

3 

247 

2 002 
227 

1 846 

176 
48 
2 

44 
156 

39 
3 
2 

227 
1 855 

238 

1 311 

264 

1 999 

625 

748 
100 

liJ? 
525 
56 
257 
121 


: 

: 


- 


21 
159 
135 
143 

?i 

151 
99 
357 
168 
53 
13 

1 730 

1 730 

350 
5 168 

193 

138 

16 

3 

247 

2 002 
227 

1 846 

176 
48 
2 

44 

156 

39 
3 
2 

227 
1 855 

238 

1 311 

264 
1 999 

117 
748 
100 
219 
1 251 

257 
121 


26 
61 
23 
23 
34 
20 
10 
7 

230 

36 
286 

6 

31 
168 

,il 
24 

8 

13 

8 

20 
57 

20 
61 

if 
27 
10 

8 
15 
46 
20 

5 






165 








7e 






1 40 to 179 acres 


60 




51 
34 


220 to 259 acres 




96 


500 to 999 acres 




1 000 to 1 999 acres 


10 




7 


FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 












Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.ec. (0133, 0134, 0139) 


- 














Uvestock, except dairy, poultry, and 




Beef cattle except feedlots (0212) 












Animal specSfes (027)" 




General famis, primarily livestoolc and 
animal specialties (029) 

UVESTOCK 






Farms with- 

10 to 49 ;";;"""i;;;ii;iii;iii 

50 to 99 


number- 


473 
28 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 








34 


Beef cows 


number.. 

farm!! 


265 
29 


Famiswith- 


194 
26 


10 to 49 












200 to 499 




500 or mors 






farms 


9 


Farms with- 


number.. 


71 


5 to 9 


2 


10 to 49 


1 










200 to 499 














Steers, steer caNes, bulls, and bull 
calves 

Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 


number.. 
... farms.. 

... farms.. 

$1,000" 
... farms.. 

"$Too()" 


109 

24 
99 

27 

21 
89 
14 

IS 




number.. 

$1,000.- 

... farms.. 

number.. 

$1.000.. 


74 
29 
6 

19 

7 



See footnotes at end of table. 

124 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 







Horticultural 
specialties 


General farms, 
pnmarivc^p 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 


Dairy famis 
(024) 


Poultry 
and^^^gs 


Animal 

specialties 

(027) 




Item 


Total 


Beef cattle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 


General farms, 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 


FARMS BY SIZE 


26 
17 
21 
12 
3 
6 
8 
3 

290 

14 
105 

10 
4 

(D) 

6 
3 

2 
(D) 

2 

5 
(D) 

i 
i 


7 
58 
35 
45 
44 
26 

13 

13 
17 
3 

280 

107 
5B1 

102 

86 
273 

70 
204 

69 

23 
69 

63 
174 

64 
134 

15 
180 
72 

89 
19 

91 
53 
3 
(D) 
(D) 


90 
291 
137 
169 
226 
143 

81 

61 
176 

51 
6 
3 

1 434 
789 

1 090 
22 419 

393 
613 

12 

888 

8 810 
797 

7 880 

513 
271 

1 

191 
930 

34 
11 

5 

806 
7 906 

5 703 

1 080 
14 835 

6 433 
511 

5 665 

1 328 

962 

9 170 
5 105 

308 

1 see 

835 


42 
139 
66 
84 
133 
77 
56 
42 
116 
28 

2 

789 
789 

743 
16 599 

?^ 
51 
12 

2 

597 

6 320 

521 

5 506 

318 
192 
10 

135 
814 

92 
27 

11 

571 

6 169 

526 

763 
12 634 
5463 

420 
5 277 
1 264 

660 

7 357 
4 199 

58 
192 
99 


14 
26 

30 
61 
73 

It 
314 
160 

24 

862 

856 
87 746 

16 
199 
324 
223 

90 

854 

48 863 

86 

890 

57 
26 
2 

47 Pi 

18 
446 
267 
90 
15 
2 

803 
36 065 

425 
2 818 

853 

31 438 

7 378 

752 

19 130 

1 324 

764 

12 308 

6 054 

34 

646 

323 


31 
63 
18 
21 
30 
10 

7 

5 
2 

216 

56 
1 693 

18 
25 

3 

46 
779 

32 
318 

25 
6 

1 

20 
461 

7 
2 
10 

38 
573 

35 
341 

46 
470 
150 

194 

43 
276 
136 

7 
28 
16 


66 
106 
37 
25 
24 
17 

6 
12 
9 
2 

315 

50 
292 

40 
10 

40 
179 
35 
(D) 

30 

5 

9 
(D) 

9 

19 
54 

26 

59 

21 
98 
33 
12 
40 
9 
21 
58 
24 

7 
5 
















100 to 139 acres 




180 to 219 acres 
























FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 




Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


- 




_ 


Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 


















. 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
animal specialties (021) ._.. __ 












Animal specialties (027) _ 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 


62 


LIVESTOCK 


farms 




Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 


number- 


640 

22 

11 










200 to 499 




500 or more 








32 


Beef cows - 

Farms vnth- 


number.. 
.. farms.. 


167 
16 
38 

16 










100 to 199 




200 to 499 






- 


Milk COWS 


farms 


25 


Farms with- 




129 
15 




6 




A 






100 to 199 




200 to 499 






- 


Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 


.. farms-. 


19 
216 

24 


Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 

Cattle - 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


number.. 

.. farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 

... famis.. 

$i,ooo" 

... farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000-. 


257 
28 
551 

25 
26 
892 
526 

31 
15 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 125 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (01 3) 



Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except 
cash grains, n.ec. 
(0133, 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



LIVESTOCK-Con 








farms 




number- 
Farms with- 


8 999 


25 to 49 






16 










500 or more 


3 


Used or to be used for breeding 


.. farms.. 


158 
7 366 




number.. 


H 


.. famis-. 

™rooo;i 


295 




13 905 

1 064 

68 




"sToooi; 


7 322 
253 


Litters of pigs fan-owed between - 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 . 


.. farms.. 


167 


Dec. 1 and May 31 

June 1 and Nov. 30 


.. farms., 
number.. 

■"number^; 


151 
882 

125 
874 


Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory... 


.. farms.. 


559 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


"numberll 


495 
9 915 




farms 




number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn.... farms.. 

pounds of woolI 


11 933 
504 

12 905 
104 438 


Horses and ponies inventory 

Horses and ponies sold 


.. farms.. 

number.. 
.. farms.. 

number.. 


1 349 

6 324 

252 

1 127 


Goals sold 


famis 


1 256 
64 




number.. 


523 


POULTRY 








.. fanns.. 


719 
6 999 685 

624 


Farms with- 
1 to 399 






4 












43 








3 




farms 


682 


Pullets 3 months old or older not of 
laying age..... 

Hens and pullets sold 


.. famis.. 

.. farms" 
number.. 


5 665 233 

116 
1 334 452 

6 649 904 


Broilers and other meat-type chickens 






Farms with- 


number.. 


13 679 943 






60 000 to 99 999 








Turkey hens kept tor breeding 


"number" 
farms 


15 


Turkevs sold 


98 




number.. 


4 128 


See footnotes al end of table. 







126 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



Horticultural 
'(018) 



General (arms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal spe ■ 

(021) 



Poultry 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms- 

(=arms with- 

1 to 24 _ - 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 - 

100 to 199_. 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms- 
Other farms. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

si.oool 

Utters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms, 
number. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms. 

number. 

June 1 and Nov. 30 farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

number. 

Ewes 1 year old or older famns. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold — . farms. 

Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number. 
pounds of wooL 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

Goats sold famis- 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms, 
number. 
Farms with- 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3,200 to 9,999 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49.999 

50,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 
laying age _. (amis. 

Hens and pullets sold farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 
sold farms. 

Farms with— 

1 to 1.999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60,000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more _ 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

Turkeys sold farms. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9 606 

338 

10 313 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MAINE 127 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

|Fof meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



field crops, except 
cash grains, n.e c 
(0133. 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green chop . 



tons, green_. 
farms.. 



Farms by acres 
1 to 24 acres ... 
25 to 99 acres .. 
100 to 249 acres 
250 to 499 acres 
500 acres or mon 



250.0 acres ( 



acres, 
tons, dry. 
... (arms. 



1 00 to 249 acres _ 
250 to 499 acres . 
500 acres or more 



1 ^ 




Imgated 


acres.. 
. farms-. 

farms" 


acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 


5 to 24 9 acres 


25 to 99 9 acres 










Imgated 


farms 




acres.. 


5.0 to 24.9 acres 


25 to 99 9 acres 




250.0 acres or more i:::::::::::::::":":::: 


Berries han/ested for sale 


_ farms- 
acres.. 



3 672 
221 675 
393 393 



1 136 
56 833 
97 476 



207 715 
(D) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



128 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 
' (021) 



I cattle, 
feedlots 
(0212) 



Poultry 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated -- farms. 

Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Oats for grain farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Imgaled farms. 

acres. 

Irish potatoes farms. 

acres, 
cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms. 

tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Famis by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres _ - 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain. 

and wild hay (see text) (arms. 

acres. 

tons. dry. 

In-igated farms. 

Vegetables han/ested tor sale (see text) ... farms 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0,1 to 4,9 acres , 

5.0 to 24,9 acres , 

25.0 to 99,9 acres , 

100.0 to 249.9 acres , 

250,0 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms 

acres 

Irrigated farms, 

acres 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

Sio to 24.9 acres lllllllll^l^^ll^illliii^ 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 to 249.9 acres , 

250,0 acres or more 

Irrigated 



1 282 
(D) 



> of agricultural products ! 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MAINE 129 



Table 1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory teict] 



Item 


Maine 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 






6 269 

1 342 588 

214 

210 777 
962 


343 

69 551 

203 

318 023 
1 563 


1 012 

329 971 

326 

175 482 
552 


456 

57 745 

127 

315 600 
2 300 




Land in farms ..- 


acres.. 


44 217 


Value of land and buildings': 






Average per acre 


dollars.. 


709 


Estimated market value of all mactiinery and 
Average per farm 














dollars- 


38 325 


44 826 


71 841 


31 201 


27 500 


Farms by^s,z^e^ 




419 

1 029 

2 453 
1 758 

474 
136 

5 919 
592 309 

5 486 
410 891 

359 

6 065 


30 
53 
137 
90 
30 
3 

315 
30 821 

295 

23 016 

24 

304 


40 
84 
332 
381 
118 
57 

993 
187 566 

956 
135 067 

2 135 


59 
103 
199 
76 
16 

429 
27 251 

390 

19 389 

56 

664 








50 to 1 79 acres 


92 








8 




2 


Total cropland 


farms.. 

acres.. 


214 
16 604 

1li?J 


Irr, ated land 


farms- 




acres-. 


169 


Market value of agricultural products sold 


- $1,000.. 


405 484 
64 681 

157 828 
247 656 


71 083 
207 239 

5 855 
65 228 


98 829 
97 657 

93 267 
5 562 


13 077 
28 678 

5 581 
7 496 


7 312 
31 930 


Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse 
Livestock, poultry, and tfieir products 


$1,000.. 

$1,000.. 


1 271 
6 041 


Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $2 500 




2 059 
870 
719 
700 
466 
553 
902 

3 220 
3 049 

3 653 
2 253 


115 
42 
34 

23 

71 

188 
155 

201 
123 


148 
77 
86 
104 
108 
181 
308 

301 

509 
252 


85 
57 
52 
29 
18 
41 

205 
251 

287 
189 
53 


97 


$2 500 to $4 999 


25 












23 




24 




21 




117 






Operators by days worked off farm: 


128 




52 6 


Total farm production expenses' 

Average per farm 


$1,000.. 

dollars.. 


324 276 
51 752 


60 316 
176 361 


75 098 
74 208 


25 943 


5 635 
24 716 


Livestock and poultry: 
Cattle and calves inventory 


farms.. 

number.. 


2 637 

119 475 

1 331 

'III! 

49 815 

50 357 


182 
11 680 
79 
820 
98 

174 
4 619 


239 
8 521 

154 

2 072 

68 

2 420 
212 

3 038 


193 
7 703 

1 041 

74 

2 594 
175 

3 622 


5 630 
60 




number.. 


446 




number.. 


Mil 




number.. 


1 667 


Hogs and pigs inventory 

Hogs and pigs sold 


farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 

farms.. 

fanns-. 


421 

8 999 

295 

13 905 

559 

15 606 

719 

6 999 685 

95 

13 679 943 


159 
28 
501 

2 
(D) 


32 
810 

18 
856 

35 
649 

47 

(D) 

188 


38 
1 032 

27 
1 817 

64 
1 521 

55 
123 129 

,o1 


11 
13 

1 

31 


Selected crops harvested: 














Corn for silage or green chop 


farms.- 

tons. green -- 


544 
28 711 
442 833 


65 
4 108 
71 620 


21 

784 
10 057 


32 
1 128 
16 607 


33 
1 188 
22 335 


Oats for grain 


buSlV. 


535 

35 548 

2 728 024 


3 
18 
960 


461 

33 490 

2 591 824 


27 
975 


(D) 
(0) 


Irish potatoes 


farms.. 

acres., 
cwt.. 


839 
83 261 


13 
211 

54 345 


676 

75 473 

20 537 231 


12 

321 

73 140 


i 


Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. 


fanns.. 

tons, dtyi; 


3 672 
221 675 
393 393 


238 
15 434 
31 582 


329 
17 561 
28 902 


289 

17 486 
29 133 


165 
9 429 
17 086 


Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text) ... 


farms.. 

acres.. 


509 
9 727 


30 
335 


71 
6 120 


57 
690 


10 
138 


Land in orchards 


farms.- 

acres— 


394 
7 405 


36 
1 848 


15 
40 


27 
412 


24 
516 



See footnotes at end of table. 

130 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 1. 



County Summary Highlights: 1987-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Land in farms 

Average size of farm. 



'alue of land and buildings': 

Average per farm 

Average per acre _. 



t value of all macfiinery and 



Average per farm _ 



500 to 999 acres . 
1 ,000 acres or mo 



Total cropland 

Harvested cropland _ 
Irrigated land 



Market value of agricultural products sold $1.000.. 

Average per farm __. dollars.. 

Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse 

crops $1,000.. 

Livestock, poultry, and tfieir products $1,000.. 



Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999... 
$25,000 to $49.999... 
$50,000 to $99,999 ... 
$100,000 or more 



Operators by days worked off farm: 



Cattle and calves sold farms.. 



Hogs and pigs inventory 

Hogs and pigs sold _ 

Sfieep and lambs inventory 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory _. 
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold. 



Selected crops f 
Corn for silage or green chop . 



lumber. 
. farms. 



Irish potatoes . 



Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) 

Vegetables harvested for sate (see text) . 



31 900 


S 029 


55 477 


36 493 


337 


77 




2 362 


148 


38 


1 550 


280 


167 


28 


8 539 


907 


311 


76 


7 524 


1 169 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 131 



Table 1. 

(Fo 



County Summary Highlights: 1987-Con. 

i and symbols, see introductory texl] 



Farms numtjer__ 

Land in (arms acres- 


Value ol land and buildings': 


dollars 






Estimated market value of all machinery and 
equipment': 


Farms by size: 






1 80 to 499 acres 












acres- - 


Irn ated land 


acres-, 
farms 


Market value ol agncultural products sold 


acres.. 

$1.000.. 

dollars 


Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 




Livestock, poultry, and their products 

Famis by value of sales: 
Less than $2 500 


$1.000.. 








$25 000 to $49 999 






Operators by principal occupation: 






200 days or more 




ytHus.- 



Livestock and poultry: 



Cattle and calves inventory 




farms.. 


Beef cows — 




farms.. 

number.. 


Cattle and calves sold 




'""riumberll 






number.- 
farnis. 






number- 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


inventory 


farms.. 


Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold.-. 


farms- 
number-. 



Selected crops t 
Com for silage or green chop. 



, green. 



grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) . 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) . 



13 054 

118 

8 596 

(D) 



53.0 

2 948 
23 771 



32 303 
(D) 



295 590 
2 
(D) 



34 669 
(D) 



i on a sample of farms. 



132 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



> introductory text) 



1987 value of sales: 


1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

...dollars, 1987.. 

1982.. 




v^-- 


$2,500 to $4,999 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 


$25,000 to $39 999 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


$100,000 to $249,999... 


'^^-- 


$250 000 to $499 999 


$1^:: 


$500,000 or more ... 


V^s- 


19S2 value of sales': 


$1.000.. 


$1,000 to $2,499 


$1,000-. 


$2 500 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 


$5,000 to $9,999 


$1,000.. 


$10,000 to $19,999 


$1.000.. 
(amis 


$20,000 to $24 999 


$1,000.. 


$25,000 to $39.999.... 


'',^s- 




$iflS§:: 


$50,000 to $99,999 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.- 




$1,000.- 




$1,000- 


Sates by commodity or commodity group: 
Crops, Including nursery and greenhouse 


$1,000.. 


Grains 


1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 




1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 




1982- 

$1,000, 1987- 

1982- 


Soybeans. _ 


1982- 
$1,000, 1987- 

1982- 
- farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000, 1987- 

1982- 




1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 




1982.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 
- farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

.. fanns, 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 







405 484 
399 412 
64 681 

57 034 



3 220 
664 

4 654 



10 354 

745 

53 397 



See footnotes at end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY 



71 083 
79 955 
207 239 
225 226 



1 012 
1 253 
98 829 



MAINE 133 



Table 2. 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



and symbols, see introduclory I 





farms 1987 


Average per (arm 

1987 value of sales: 


1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

..dollars. 1987.. 


$1 000 to $2 499 


— Viw:: 


$2,500 to $4,999 


$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


$10,000 to $19,999 ___ 


$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1.000.. 


$25 000 to $39 999 


$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


$500,000 or more 


$1.000.. 


1982 value 01 sales': 


$1,000.. 


$1 000 to $2 499 


$1,000.. 


$2,500 to $4,999 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


$25,000 to $39 999 


$1,000.. 


$40,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99.999 ____ 


$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 


$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms 


Sales by commodity or commodity group: 
Crops, including nursery and greentiouse 


$1,000.. 


Grains 


1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


Corn for grain _. 

Wheat 


1982.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 
.. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Soybeans- 


1982.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 
-. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Barley 


1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 




$1.000, 198?:: 

1982.. 




1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


See footnotes at end of table. 

134 MAINE 


1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 



10 481 

25 

8 561 



1 233 

2 017 

9 
2 894 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 




















Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
















TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 
















Total sales (see text) 


. (arms. 1987. 


138 


124 


462 


426 


337 


521 




1982. 


158 


120 


523 


465 


381 


586 




$1,000. 1987. 


4 898 


3 250 


20 069 


32 140 


11 683 


30 180 




1982. 




4 995 




36 531 


16 539 


24 991 


Average per (arm 


.dollars. 1987. 


35 492 


26 212 


43 438 


75 446 


34 669 


57 928 




1982- 


26 729 


41 621 


43 860 


78 561 


43 408 


42 648 


1987 value o( sales: 
















Less than 11.000 — 


(arms. 


33 


28 


79 


52 


40 


107 




$1,000. 


9 


11 




20 




28 


$1,000 to $2.499 — 


(arms. 


26 


26 


62 


69 


60 


108 




$1,000. 


40 


38 


102 


110 


102 


178 


$2,500 to $4.999 -_ 


(arms. 


16 


26 


64 


57 


50 


79 




$1,000. 


61 


91 


226 


202 


176 


272 


$5,000 to $9.999 


farms. 


19 


13 


52 


48 


61 


69 




$1,000. 


132 


92 


358 


341 


446 


477 


$10,000 to $19.999 


farms. 


6 


6 


37 


33 


56 


54 




$1,000. 


84 


68 


531 


476 


780 


775 


$20,000 to $24.999 


farms. 


3 


3 




9 


11 


17 




$1,000. 


63 


65 


435 


195 


247 


388 


$25,000 to $39.999 __- 


farms. 


8 


5 


19 


19 


19 


22 




$1,000. 


248 


155 


596 


559 


621 


737 


$40,000 to $49.999 


farms. 


5 




24 




13 


8 




$1,000. 


(D) 


- 


1 108 


608 


576 


357 


$50,000 to $99.999 


farms. 


9 


7 


41 


54 


13 


25 




$1,000. 


(D) 


477 


3 036 


3 968 


794 


1 832 


$100,000 to $249.999 


farms. 


9 




50 


36 


8 


22 




$1,000. 


1 382 


986 


7 665 


5 745 


1 216 


3 308 


$250,000 to $499.999 


farms. 


3 






23 


3 


4 




$1,000. 


(D) 


1 266 


3 699 


8 499 


1 018 


1 292 


$500,000 or more 


(arms. 






3 


12 


3 


6 




$1,000. 


(D) 




2 293 


11 417 


5 695 


20 536 


1982 value o( sales': 
















Less than $1.000 


(arms. 




32 


106 




66 


142 




$1,000. 


10 


9 


(D) 


24 


(D) 




$1,000 to $2.499 — - 


farms. 


33 


20 


73 


61 


70 


119 




$1,000. 


55 


33 


(D) 


107 


(D) 


192 


$2,500 to $4.999 




22 

79 


18 


258 


65 
231 


57 
204 


95 




$1Wl 


340 


$5,000 to $9.999 — - 


farms. 


9 


15 


38 


42 


70 


65 




$1,000. 


64 


109 


255 


305 


479 


449 


$10,000 to $19.999- 


farms 


8 


5 


27 


24 


50 


39 




$i.ooo: 


105 


70 


389 


316 


653 


548 


$20,000 to $24.999 


farms. 




3 


17 


9 


12 


11 




$1,000. 


(D) 


(D) 


394 


(D) 


268 


245 


$25,000 to $39,999 




7 


5 


27 


19 


12 


18 




""$1*000: 


(D) 


(D) 


824 


(D) 


375 


558 


$40,000 to $49,999 


(arms. 


8 


2 


22 


19 


9 


8 




$1,000. 


(D) 


(D) 


986 


876 


(D) 


377 


$50,000 to $99,999 


farms. 


12 


6 


66 


52 


15 


42 




$1,000. 


(D) 


(D) 


4 897 


3 807 


(D) 


3 064 


$100,000 to $249.999 


farms. 


9 


10 


60 


56 


7 






$1,000. 


(D) 


1 766 


9 156 


9 386 


939 


4 992 


$250,000 to $499.999 


farms. 




2 








9 




$1,000. 


(D) 


(D) 


2 541 


11 010 


2 547 


2 982 


$500,000 or more 


farms. 




2 


5 


12 


5 






$1,000. 


(D) 


(D) 


3 090 


9 638 


9 564 


11 200 


Sales by commodity or commodity group: 
















Crops, including nursery and greentiouse 
















crops 


.. farms. 1987. 


78 


65 


218 


220 


288 


310 




1982. 


76 




210 


204 


308 


294 




$1,000. 1987. 


1 066 


945 


1 815 


1 894 


(D) 


6 639 




1982. 


(D) 


508 


1 455 


1 850 


12 736 


5 766 


Grains -- 


farms 1987 


12 
9 


1 


9 
19 


16 


2 

2 


12 




1982. 


7 




$1,000. 1987. 


108 




46 




(D) 


(D) 




1982. 


73 


(D) 


214 


83 


(D) 


55 


Com for grain 


.. farms. 1987. 


2 




3 


5 


- 


4 




1982. 




1 




2 




3 




$1,000. 1987. 


; (D) 




(D) 


54 




68 




1982. 




(D) 


174 


(D) 




33 


Wheat 


farms 1987 






1 


2 


" 


2 




' 1982. 


2 




$1,000. 1987. 






(D) 






(D) 




1982. 




- 




(D) 




(D) 


Soybeans - 


.. farms. 1987. 










- 


- 




1982. 






2 










$1,000. 1987. 
















1982. 


: (D) 




(D) 








Sorghum (or grain 


.. farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 




\ 






: 


i 


Barley 


.. (arms, 1987. 


1 






_ 


- 


- 




1982. 


I (NA) 


(NA) 


(na") 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




$1,000. 1987. 


(D) 












Oats 


1982. 
farms 1987 


- '1 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
3 


(NA) 


(NA) 
9 




' 1982. 






4 


2 


- 


2 




$1,000, 1987. 


: 33 




(D) 


2 




5 




1982. 


(D) 




(D) 


(D) 




(D) 


Other grains^ ._.. 


.. farms, 1987. 


6 




5 


4 


2 


2 




1982. 


7 




10 


10 


2 


3 




$1,000, 1987. 


53 




5 




(D) 


(D) 




1982. 


59 




32 


34 


(D) 


(D) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 135 



Table 2. 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations i 



i introductory text] 



Crops, including nursery and greentiouse 
crops-Con- 
Cotton and cottonseed. 




Ottier crops farms. 

$1,000. ■ 

Livestocl<. poultry, and ttieir products farms, ■ 

$1,000, ■ 

Poultry and poultry products farms, ' 

$1,000. • 

Dairy products farms. ' 

$1,000, : 

1 

Cattle and calves farms, 1 

$1,000, 1 



Sfieep, lambs, and wool - 



949 

1 265 
88 672 
95 354 

2 366 

3 030 
15 329 
15 231 



295 



• livestock and livestock products 



.. farms, 
$1,000, 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except casfi grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) , 

Beef cattle, except feedlols (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) ___ 

General farms, primanly livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



See footnotes s 

136 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations { 



I symbols, see introductory text] 



Cotton and cottonseed 


farms 




$1,000 




$1,000 




farms 




$1,000 


Vegetatiles, sweet corn, and melons 


--- farms 




$1,000 


Fruits, nuts, and berries 


... farms 




$1,000 




... farms 




$1,000 








$1,000 


vestock, poultry, and ttieir products _._ 


... farms 




$1,000 


Poultry and poultry products 


... farms 




$1,000 



Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 
Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 
Sfieep. lambs, and wool farms, 



$1,C 



Other livestock and livestock products 



Cash grains (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
• i(029) 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 137 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations £ 



I symbols, see introductory text) 



Total sales (see texlj-Con 
Sales by commodity or commodity group- 
Con. 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops-Con. 
Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 



Vegetables, sweet com. and melons farms. 

$1,000, 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 







$1,000, 1987. 
1982. 


Livestock, poultry, and their products 


.. farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 






1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 


Dairy products -.. 




.. farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 






1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 


Hogs and pigs 




.. farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

.. farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 




Other livestock and livestock products 


.. farms. 1987. 






$1,000. 1987. 
1982. 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) . 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish po 

field crops, except cash grains, n.e. 

(0133, 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialtes (018) 

General farnis. pnmarily crop (019) ... 
Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and ar 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) . 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
i (029) 



228 


(D) 


(D) 


463 


(D) 


(D) 


295 


65 


279 








30 246 


(D) 


23 541 


34 681 




19 225 


82 


21 


51 


115 


26 




19 467 


(D) 


19 499 


25 662 




11 943 








119 


12 


85 


9 576 


412 


2 625 


7 934 


553 


5 559 



138 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 

(Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000, 
Average per farm dollars, 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms, 

$1,000, 





$1,000, 


Commercially mixed formula feeds --_ 


_... farms. 




$1,000, 


Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 


.... farms. 




$1,000, 


Commercial fertilizer' 


.-.- farms. 




$1,000. 


Agricultural chemicals' 


.... farms. 




$1,000. 




.... farms. 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 








$1,000. 


Natural gas 


.... farms. 




$1,000. 


LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 


farms. 




$1,000. 




farms 




$1,000. 


Hired farm labor 


.... farnis. 



Contract latwr farms, 

$1,000, 

"$i,ooo! 

Customwork, macfiine fiire. and rental of 
mactiinery and equipment^ farms. 



Interest paid= farms, 

$1,000, 

Interest paid on debt 
Secured by real estate farms, 

$1,000, 
Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Property taxes paid farms. 

$1 .000. 
All other farm production expenses . 



$1,000. 







324 276 


60 316 


51 752 


176 361 








130 


21 876 


6 OOB 


20 717 


6 769 


3 197 


205 


4 051 


259 


94 386 


27 867 






2 044 


154 


2 471 


203 


63 160 


4 451 


92 580 


30 305 



9 865 

5 857 

6 889 
12 827 
18 739 

5 232 

6 435 
6 421 
9 200 
3 268 

3 220 

4 252 

5 401 



2 753 
2 826 
15 455 

18 511 



11 312 
1 445 
4 143 



1 287 
3 845 
6 064 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 139 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982- 

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



■Con. 



Total farm production expenses- (arms. 1987 

$1,000, 1987 
Average per fann .dollars, 1987 

Livestock and poultry purchased _ farms, 1987 

1982 

$1,000, 1987 

1982 



Feed for livestock i 



Commercially mixed formula feeds . 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and t 



. farms. 1987 
1982 

$1,000. 1987 
1982 

. farms, 1987 
1982 

$1,000, 1987 



. farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000, 1987 



Agricultural chemicals' 



Gasoline and gasohol . 



. farms, 1987 

1982 
$1,000, 1987 

1982 
. farms, 1987 

1982 
$1,000, 1987 

1982 



farms. 1987 
1982 
$1,000, 1987 





farms' 




$1,000, 








$1,000, 


LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 






$1,000, 








$1,000, 








$1,000, 


Contract labor ., 


-— famis. 




$1,000, 


Repair and maintenance 


famts 




"■"$1^: 



Customwork, machine hire, e 



Interest paid' farms, 1987. 

1982 
$1,000, 1987 
1982 
Interest pak) on debt 

Secured by real estate farms, 1987 

$1,000, 1987 

Not secured by real estate fanns, 1987 

$1,000, 1987 

Cash rent- , farms, 1987. 

$1,000. 1987 
Property taxes pak) farms. 1987 

$1,000, 1987 
farms. 1987 

$1,000, 1987 



31 900 


8 029 


55 477 


36 493 






258 


57 


2 360 


858 


2 715 


924 


394 


99 


421 




12 570 


3 817 






278 


89 


309 


74 


10 581 


3 733 


9 520 


3 350 



See footnotes at end of t 



140 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 3. 

[Data are basi 



Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 

on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ) 



-Con. 



Total farm production expenses farms, 1987_, 

$1,000, 1987.. 
Average per farm dollars, 1987.. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms. 1987.. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 



Feed lor livestock i 



I poultry . 



I formula feeds . 



. farms. 1987.. 

1982. 
$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 
. farms. 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000. 1987. 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and t 



Agricultural chemicals' . 



$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

. farms. 1987. 



Gasoline and gasofiol . 



. farms, 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 
. farms. 1987. 



Natural gas 

LP gas, fuel oil. 



,. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 



Hired farni labor . 



Contract labor farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Id rental of 

machinery and equipment^ farms. 1987. 

1982. 



Interest paid^ farms, 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 
1982. 
Interest paid on debt 

Secured by real estate farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 

Not secured by real estate farms. 1987. 

$1,000, 1987. 

Cash rent farms, 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Property taxes paid farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
All other farm production expenses farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 



t of custom 



'Data for 1982 do not include imputation 



I applications for commercial f 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 141 



Table 4. 



Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, s 


36 introductory text] 










Item 


















Maine 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


NET CASH RETURN 














Net cash return from agricultural sales for the 
farm unit (see text)' 

Average per farm 


.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

-dollars, 1987.. 


6 266 
74 252 


342 
10 299 
30 113 


1 012 
23 128 
22 854 


457 

665 

1 455 


228 

781 
3 425 




.number, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
dollars 1987 


2 912 
92 773 
31 859 


167 
68 183 


591 
26 710 
45 195 


179 
2 753 


94 




1 659 




.number, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
dollars 1987 


3 354 
18 521 
5 522 


175 
1 088 
6 217 


421 
3 582 


278 
2 088 




Average per farm 


878 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 










55 
146 


42 

2 III 




$1,000, 1987.- 
..dollars, 1987.. 


3 062 


93 


831 




farms 1987 


686 
2 107 


33 


179 
344 


54 
136 






$1,000, 1987.. 


80 


Value of commodity certificates received ... 


.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


370 
955 


10 
16 


190 
486 


13 
10 


9 
23 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 














Gross before taxes and expenses' 

Average per farm 


.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

..dollars, 1987.. 


1 941 
7 942 
4 092 


52 

321 

6 166 


275 
1 064 
3 867 


136 

369 

2 713 


79 

450 

5 701 


Customworic and other agricultural 




666 
466 
2 163 
1 095 
294 
525 


22 

25 
21 

(D) 


60 
92 
420 
386 

339 


83 
40 
187 
61 
30 
36 


22 
23 
8 
73 


Rental of farmland 


1982.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
1982.. 
farms 1987 




$1,000, 1987.. 


5 






1 025 

4 546 

450 

709 


29 
282 

19 
(D) 


106 
256 
81 
48 


46 

113 

6 

33 


55 
420 
27 
18 


Other farm-related income sources 


$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 




56 

323 
904 




41 
62 
198 
673 




2 

1 




1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


\ 


- 


Corn 

Wheat _ 


.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


5 
(D) 

(D) 


': 


(D) 


. 


(D) 


^ 


$1,000, 1987.. 


- 




.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987-. 


40 
126 

11 
111 


: 


37 
119 

(D) 








- 


Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey 


$1,000,1987.. 

.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


(D) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



142 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 4. 



Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbrevlatjc 



introductory text] 



Item 




Kennebec 


Knox 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


NET CASH RETURN 
















Net cash return from agricultural sales tor ttie 
farm unit (see texty 

Average per tarm 


.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
..dollars, 1987.. 


290 
2 249 
7 755 


575 
9 003 
15 657 


220 
1 733 
7 879 


229 
1 008 
4 401 


334 
3 023 
9 052 


573 
4 380 
7 643 


Farms witti net gains' 


.number, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
..dollars, 1987.. 


2 930 
29 599 


251 
40 644 


2 172 
29 351 


67 
1 490 
22 233 


3 645 
25 852 


254 
23 751 


Farms witti net losses 


.number, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
..dollars, 1987.. 


191 

681 

3 568 


324 
1 199 
3 700 


146 

439 

3 004 


162 

482 

2 974 


193 
622 


319 


Average per farm 


1 653 
5 183 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 
















Average per farm 


.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
..dollars, 1987.. 


25 
878 


59 

424 

7 190 


14 

24 

1 739 


24 
14^1 


32 

110 

3 440 


79 

495 

6 260 


Amount received in casti 


.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


24 

(D) 


55 
413 


12 
(D) 


21 
18 


30 
77 


63 


Value of commodity certificates received ... 


.. farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


6 

(D) 


10 


3 
(D) 


5 
18 


J^ 


42 
170 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 
















Gross before taxes and expenses' 

Average per farm 


.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

..dollars. 1987.. 


101 

410 

4 062 


190 
4 692 


62 

282 

4 550 


81 

172 

2 127 


134 

483 

3 601 


154 

376 

2 438 


Customwork and other agncultural 


farms 1987 


37 

204 
21 
17 


65 
35 
322 
140 
32 
25 


35 
16 

27 
5 
(D) 


31 
21 
35 
20 

2 


40 

99 
84 

26 


51 




1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


32 
64 
43 




$1,000, 1987.. 




Sales of forest products and Christmas 




63 

186 

8 


77 
513 
37 
31 


45 

3 
(D) 


40 
67 
23 


272 




Other farm related income sources 


$1,000, 1987.. 
farms 1987 


248 
22 




$1,000. 1987.. 


52 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 






2 
(D) 


2 
(D) 




3 






1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


-_ 




i 


Com 

Wheat 

Soybeans 


.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1967.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


\ 




(D) 






2 

(D) 






\ 


(d1 


(D) 




(D) 

2 
(D) 




Cotton 

Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey 


$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.. farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


(D) 



See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 143 



Table 4. 



Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory text 


I 












Item 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


YorK 


NET CASH RETURN 
















Net cash return Irom agncultural sales for tl- 
farm unit (see text) ' 


farms 1987 


138 

728 

5 278 

59 
1 088 
18 446 


124 

338 

2 722 

33 

976 

29 561 


462 

3 123 
6 760 

243 

4 648 
19 129 


426 

5 679 
13 332 

243 

6 349 
26 126 


336 

1 487 
4 426 

218 

2 286 

10 485 






$1,000. 1987.. 




Farms with net gains= 

Average per farm 


...number. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

....dollars. 1987.. 


199 
8 446 
42 443 


Farms with net losses 


number 1987 


79 

360 

4 557 


91 

638 

7 Oil 


219 
1 525 
6 965 


183 

669 

3 657 


118 

799 

6 769 


321 


Average per farm 


$1,000. 1987.. 
....dollars. 1987.. 


1 818 
5 663 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 




















24 

96 

4 013 


14 

23 

1 628 


61 

304 

4 984 


46 
2 471 


18 
1 077 




Average per farm 


$1,000. 1987.. 
....dollars. 1987.. 


219 
6 855 


Amount received in cash 


.... farms, 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


21 


23 


52 


46 
92 


12 
12 


30 
190 


Value of commodity certificates received . 


.... farms. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


12 
15 




32 
113 


22 


7 


10 
30 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 
















Gross before taxes and expenses' 

Average per farm 


.... farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

....dollars. 1987.. 


49 

134 

2 728 


36 

108 

2 989 


235 
1 206 
5 131 


150 

474 

3 162 


84 

628 

7 481 


123 

574 

4 670 


Customwork and other agncultural 


farms. 1987 . 


19 

7 
3 


21 
9 
(D) 

2 

(0) 


61 
26 
189 
45 
63 
30 


50 
18 
244 
IB 

9 


37 
20 

?^ 
2 
(D) 


48 


Rental of farmland 


1982.. 
$1,000. 1967.. 
1982.. 
farms. 1987 


46 
99 
99 

7 




$1,000, 1987.. 




Sales of forest products and Christmas 


farms, 1987 


27 
91 
18 
22 


20 
59 


168 
837 
75 
150 


76 
174 
65 
47 


535 


59 


Other farm-related income sources 


$1,000. 1987.. 

.... firms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


343 
25 
131 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 
















Total 


.... farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 


(D) 


: 


IS 


2 
(D) 




(D) 


Corn 


.... farms, 1987.. 
$1.000.1987.. 




; 




: 




(D) 


Soybeans 


$1,000, 1987.. 

.... farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 




Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Cotton 

Peanuts, rye. nee. tobacco, and honey.. 


.... farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
.... farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
.... farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


(D) 


': 


(D) 


: 







'Data are based on a sample of farms. 

2Farms with total production expenses equal to market value ol agricultural products sold a 

=Data for 1987 are based on a sample of farms; data for 1982 are nonsample. 



144 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 

(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 and 1982 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



harms 


1982.. 




1982. _ 
acres 1987 


Value of land and buildings': 
Average per farm 


1982-. 
dollars 1987 


Approximate land area 


1982.. 

dollars. 1987.. 

1982.. 
acres 1987 


Proportion in farms _ 

1987 size of fami: 


percent, 1987.. 


10 to 49 acres 


acres.. 




acres.. 


70 to 99 acres 


acres.. 


100 to 139 acres 


acres.. 


140 to 179 acres 


acres.. 




acres.. 


220 to 259 acres 


acres.. 


260 to 499 acres 


farms 


500 to 999 acres 


acres.. 


1 ,000 to 1 999 acres 


farms' 


2 000 acres or more 




1982 size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres 


acres-. 


10 to 49 acres 


acres. - 


50 to 69 acres 


acres.. 


70 to 99 acres 


acres.. 




acres.. 


140 to 179 acres 


acres.. 


180 to 219 acres 


acres.. 




acres.. 








acres.. 






2,000 acres or more 


acres., 
farms 







Total cropland farms. 1987 



cropland farms. 1987 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing farms. 

acres. 



Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and 
soil-improvement grasses, not fiarvested 
and not pastured 



See footnotes at end of table. 



7 003 
1 342 588 
1 468 674 



93 204 

562 

87 913 



76 467 

1 028 

362 664 



5 919 

6 591 
592 309 
610 691 



6 138 
410 891 
457 076 

2 649 
2 970 
87 487 
86 726 



19 664 
5 
(D) 



980 
591 I 



13 518 

18 132 

67 

13 049 

15 584 

249 

87 671 

118 
76 774 

56 956 



17 672 

120 

19 027 



1 228 
187 566 
203 750 



1 181 
135 067 
159 434 



3 537 

15 

3 577 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 145 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 

[For meaning of abbrevjattons and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 and 1982-Con. 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Average size of farm. 



1 to 49 acres . 
50 to 69 acres . 



180 to 219 acres . 
220 to 259 acres . 
260 to 499 acres - 



500 to 999 acres . 



) acres or more . 



10 to 49 acres ... 
50 to 69 acres ... 
70 to 99 acres _.- 
100 to 139 acres. 
140 to 179 acres. 

180 to 219 acres. 
220 to 269 acres . 

260 to 499 acres - 

500 to 999 acres _ 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



. farms- 
. farms.. 
. farms- 
. farms., 
. farms. 
. farms. 

acres- 
acres, 
acres. 



. farms- 

. farms, 
acres. 
. farms. 



Harvested cropland . 



farms. 1987. 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing farms, 



Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and 
soil-improvement grasses, not tiawested 
and not pastured 



1987. 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982- 



See footnotes at end of table. 

146 MAINE 



9 997 

48 

7 451 



26 968 
5 
(D) 



2 535 

45 

2 582 



3 220 

9 

2 132 



2 122 

9 

2 188 



3 156 

38 

5 986 



18 728 

7 

8 275 



19 296 

6 

6 387 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Land in farms 

Average size of farm. 



Average per acre . 

Approximate land area — 
Proportion in farms . 
1987 size of farm: 



..acres. 1987 
1982. 

..acres. 1987, 
1982. 

.dollars. 1987. 

1982. 

.dollars. 1987. 



10 to 49 acres . 
50 to 69 acres . 



70 to 99 acres farms. 

100 to 139 acres farms. 

140 to 179 acres _ farms. 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

acres. 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres. 
260 to 499 acres farms. 

acres. 
500 to 999 acres farms. 

acres. 



acres 



70 to 99 acres farms 

acres. 

100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres. 

140 to 179 acres farms. 



260 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



Total cropland _._ farms, 1987 



Harvested cropland farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Cropland used only for pasture or grazing farms, 1987. 



Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and 
and not pastured farms. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2 481 

8 

1 563 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



2 184 


3 435 






6 588 


6 070 


47 


38 


7 401 


5 980 


34 


32 


6 634 


6 329 


32 


33 


7 624 








34 060 


25 947 


42 


30 






9 


5 


(D) 


6 418 



MAINE 147 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. : 



J introductory text] 



Total cropland-Con, 
Other cropland-Con 
Cropland on wtiich all crops tailed . 



Cropland in cultivated summer f 



Woodland pastured . 



Woodland not pastured 



Ottier land tamis, 

acres, 

Pasturoland and rangeland ottier tban 
cropland and vKOOdfand pastured farms. 

Land in tiouse lots, ponds, roads, 
wasteland, etc. -.. farms 



Pastureland. all types farms. 

acres. 

Cropland diverted under annual commodity 
acreage adjustment programs.- - 

Cropland placed undei 
reserve program 



acres. 



3 849 

4 567 
98 596 



148 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 

» Introductory text] 



1987 and 1982-Con. 



Total cropland-Con. 
Other cropland-Con. 
Cropland on wtiicti all crops ( 



d ranoela 
woodlanc 



cropland and woodland pastured 



famis, 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 

1982. 



wasteland, etc. . 



Pastureland. all types . 



acreage ad|ustment programs . 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 149 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductorv textl 












All Farms 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE -Con. 
















Total cropland-Con. 
Other cropland-Con. 


farms 1987 




3 




3 




9 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


ssi 


(d") 


119 
154 


6 
(D) 
85 


5 


9 
120 
56 


Cropland in cultivated summer (allow ._ 


... farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


5 

(D) 
(0) 


6 

(D) 
30 


10 

9 

74 

105 


8 

i 


21 

32 

1 096 

1 104 


15 

9 

292 

32S 




farms. 1987 . 


24 
25 
786 
856 


26 
15 
285 
448 


79 

61 

2 585 

1 547 


64 

66 

2 015 

1 693 


148 

145 

9 948 

8 170 


74 




1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


70 
1 757 
1 409 






113 

130 

22 027 

21 442 


99 

97 

9 243 

8 352 


374 

446 

58 381 

67 070 


III 
41 083 
50 647 


240 

285 

40 080 

43 995 


371 




1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


39 297 
42 539 


W dl d t d 


.... farms. 1987.. 


31 

38 

1 770 


36 

32 

718 

1 368 


100 

105 

4 406 

7 590 


85 
88 

2 623 

3 758 


37 
44 

2 923 

3 866 


111 




1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


3 946 
5 247 






115 
20 257 
18 969 


88 

84 

8 525 

6 984 


346 

415 

53 975 

59 480 


306 

358 

38 460 

46 889 


265 
37 157 
40 129 


329 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


400 
35 351 
37 292 






84 

112 

3 310 

2 448 

21 
22 
757 

1 227 

102 

2 553 
1 221 


96 

94 

2 004 

1 680 

29 

17 
754 
312 

87 

90 

1 250 

1 368 


291 

338 

6 797 

8 552 

101 

2 091 

3 438 

4 706 

5 114 


286 

312 

10 753 

8 992 

71 
81 

Ul\ 

264 

292 

8 382 

4 661 


241 

281 

13 859 

15 187 

35 
42 

1 528 

2 887 

268 

12 331 
12 300 


343 


Pastureland and rangeland other than 


1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms. 1987.. 


6tiJ 
8 477 

82 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


62 

1 554 

2 127 

317 




1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


4 604 
6 350 


Pastureland. all types _ 

Cropland diverted under annual commodity 


.... farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms. 1987 


97 
104 

5 079 

6 201 

1 
(D) 
(D) 

2 

(D) 


87 

86 

3 165 


328 

362 

16 990 

20 563 

7 
(D) 
127 

,0^ 


263 

11 654 
13 229 

6 

i 


101 

146 

6 048 

8 674 

1 
(D) 


10 i 

13 662 


Cropland placed under the conservation 


1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


198 


reserve program ...._ ____ ^__^^^, ^^^^^^ 





'Data are based on a sample of farms, see text. 



150 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see introductory text) 



220 to 259 acres . 



260 to 499 acres . 



) to 1,999 acres - 
) acres or more . 
ize of farm: 



220 to 259 acres . 



500 to 999 acres . 



1,000 to 1,999 acres - 



30 to 49 acres . 



. farms 



100 to 199 acres - 
200 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



30 to 49 acres . 
50 to 99 acres . 



6 136 
410 891 
457 076 



96 632 

125 711 

54 

34 036 

19 

30 459 

1 087 

4 489 

897 

12 053 

713 

15 967 

915 

32 995 

1 101 

74 582 



8 307 

297 

45 266 

142 

38 991 

46 

23 224 

11 824 



319 
85 

1 074 
65 

1 475 

4 149 

181 

12 979 



226 



31 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 151 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbots. see introductory text] 



1987 siz 


e of farm: 


farms 






acres harvested.. 


50 to 
70 10 


69 acres 


acres harvested.. 




acres harvested.. 




acres harvested.. 






acres harvested.. 




acres harvested.. 




acres harvested- 






500 tc 




acres harvested- 
farms 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more 

1982 size of (arm: 


-"-..^['f^amsi; 

acres harvested.. 
- farms.. 

acres harvested.. 




acres harvested.. 


50 to 




acres harvested.. 




acres harvested.. 


100 t 


1 39 acres 


acres harvested., 
farms 






acres harvested.. 






acres harvested., 
farms 






acres harvested- 






acres harvested. _ 
farms 






acres harvested.. 


1,000 
2,000 


acres or more _ 


acres harvested ._ 

acres harvested .- 
farms.. 



987 acres harvested: 


farms 




acres- 




farms 




acres.- 






100 to 199 acres 


acres.. 




acres.. 


acres.. 
500 to 999 acres farms . 




faml" 


982 acres harvested: 
1 lo 9 acres 


acres., 
farms 






20 to 29 acres 


acres., 
farms 








acres.. 




acres.. 








acres. - 




acres.. 



5 539 

89 

12 234 



2 093 

10 

3 097 



152 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with harvested cropland 



1987 size of farm: 






acres tiarvested. 


50 to 69 acres 


acres fiarvested. 
farms 


70 to 99 acres 


acres harvested. 




acres tiarvested. 


140 to 179 acres 


acres tiarvested. 


180 to 219 acres 


acres tiarvested. 


220 to 259 acres 


acres harvested. 


260 to 499 acres 


acres harvested. 




acres harvested. 


1.000 to 1,999 acres _ 

2.000 acres or more 

1982 size of farm: 


acres harvested. 
farms. 

acres harvested. 
farms. 

farms 




acres harvested. 


50 to 69 acres 


farms" 




acres harvested. 


100 to 139 acres 


acres harvested. 




acres harvested. 


1 80 to 21 9 acres 




220 to 259 acres 


acres harvested, 
farms 




acres harvested. 


500 to 999 acres 


acres harvested. 


1.000 to 1.999 acres— - 

2.000 acres or more _._. 


acres harvested. 
farms. 

acres harvested. 
farms. 



1 19 acres - 
1 29 acres . 







50 to 99 acres 


acres. 




acres- 




acres. 




acres.. 




acres-. 


982 acres harvested: 


acres- 


10 to 19 acres 


acres- 






acres- 








acres- 


200 to 499 acres 


acres- 


500 to 999 acres 


acres.. 








acres- 



3 044 

34 

2 496 

86 

8 653 

52 

10 098 

6 

2 801 



2 839 

99 

6 754 



5 359 

5 

2 096 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 153 



Table 7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory te)ct] 



Farms with imgatlon 



Farms _._ number. 1987. 

1982. 
Land In Irrigated farms — acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland _ -__ farms. 1987. 

1982. 
acres. 1987. 
1982. 
Other cropland, excluding cropland 

pastured farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured _._ farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated land acres. 1987. 

1982. 

I cropland _ farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

I other land farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres. 1987. 
1982 
1 987 irrigated acres by size of farm: 

1 to 9 acres - farms. 

acres Irrigated. 

10 to 49 acres -— farms. 

acres Imgated. 

50 to 69 acres — - farms 

acres imgated. 

70 to 99 acres ._ farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

acres Imgated 

140 to 179 acres farms, 

acres Irrigated. 

180 to 219 acres farms 

acres Irrigated. 

220 to 259 acres farms 

acres Irrigated. 

260 to 499 acres farms, 

acres inigated 

500 to 999 acres farms 

acres inigated 

1,000 to 1,999 acres (arms 

acres Irrigated 

2,000 acres or more farms 

acres irrigated 

1 982 Imgated acres by size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres farms 

acres Irrigated 
10 to 49 acres farrTis 

acres Irrigated 
50 to 69 acres farms 

acres imgated 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres Irrigated. 
100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres Irrigated. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

180 to 219 acres ..- farms. 

acres irrigated. 
220 to 259 acres — farms 

acres Irrigated. 
260 to 499 acres -.- (arms 

acres Imgated. 

500 to 999 acres farms, 

acres irrigated 

1.000 to 1.999 acres farms 

acres Irrigated 

acres irrigated 



1 415 

2 135 



154 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



I symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irrigatic 



Farms - number. 1987.. 

1982.. 
Land in irrigated (arms acres. 1987.. 

19B2-- 

Harvested cropland -- larms. 1987.. 

1982-- 
acres. 1987. _ 
1982-. 
Other cropland, excluding cropland 

pastured (arms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured ... (arms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Irrigated land acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Harvested cropland farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Pastureland and other land.. (arms. 1987.. 

1982.- 
acres. 1987.. 
1982.. 
1987 Imgated acres by size of (arm: 

1 to 9 acres (arms.. 

acres irrigated. . 
10 to 49 acres .- — farms- 
acres irrigated.. 

50 to 69 acres - farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 

70 to 99 acres (arms.. 

acres irrigated.. 
100 to 139 acres (arms.. 

acres imgated- . 
140 to 179 acres farms— 

acres irrigated-- 

180 to 219 acres (arms.. 

acres imgated.. 
220 to 259 acres (arms.. 

acres imgated.. 
260 to 499 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 

500 to 999 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 
1.000 to 1,999 acres farms.. 

acres imgated.. 
2,000 acres or more fanns.. 

acres irrigated. - 

1982 Irrigated acres by size o( (arm: 

1 to 9 acres .- (arms.. 

acres irrigated.. 
10 to 49 acres -. (arms.. 

50 to 69 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 

70 to 99 acres (arms.. 

acres Irrigated.. 

100 to 139 acres farms- 
acres irrigated.. 

140 to 179 acres farms.. 

acres in-igated.. 

180 to 219 acres (arms.. 

acres irrigated.. 

220 to 259 acres - farms- 
acres irrigated.. 

260 to 499 acres farms- 
acres irrigated.. 

500 to 999 acres (arms.. 

acres irrigated- 

1,000 to 1,999 acres farms- 
acres irrigated. . 

2.000 acres or more - farms.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 155 



Table 7. 

[For meaning 



Irrigation: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Land in irrigated farms 

Hareested cropland 

Other cropland, excluding cropland 
pastured 



Harvested cropland . 



Pastureland g 



) 49 acres . 
) 69 acres . 



70 to 99 acres ... 
100 to 139 acres. 
140 10 179 acres. 



acres imqated. 
acres imgaled. 
acres irrigated.. 

acres inlgated., 

acres imgated. 

fanns- 

acres irrigated. 



220 to 259 awes . 
260 to 499 acres . 



irrigated- 
.. famis- 
iriigated. 



500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres. 
2,000 acres or more . 



rigated. 
. farms- 
rigated. 
. larms. 



1962 irrigated acres by size of i 



1 to 9 acres 




10 to 49 acres 


acres im^ajed.. 




acres irrigated. . 




acres irrigated- 




ac^sirri^^.. 


140 to 179 acres 


"""'Trs- 


180 to 219 acres 


acres imgaled.. 




.T^.n^^si: 


260 to 499 acres 


acres irrigated- 


500 to 999 acres 


acres irrigated., 
farnis 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 


acres irrigated- 


2,000 acres or more 


acres rni^a^^.. 







156 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 



1 sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, s 



i of all machinery and 

$1,000, 

Average per farm ..-dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $29.999 

$30,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $69.999 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 or more 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 



Motortnjcks, including pickups 


farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 




1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 




number, 1987. 
farms 1987 




number, 1987. 




1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 




1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 


Pickup balers 


1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 
. farms, 1987. 




1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 




6 264 
6 974 
240 068 
236 527 
38 325 
33 916 

1 817 



5 537 
5 784 
12 236 

12 231 
5 597 

5 955 
14 260 

13 569 
3 805 

6 201 
3 549 
8 059 

471 



2 326 
2 353 
2 708 



9 777 
5 181 
12 857 
3 389 
S 546 
3 339 
7 311 
438 
477 



15 331 
12 494 
44 826 
35 193 



1 012 
1 253 
72 703 
80 270 
71 841 
64 062 

163 



1 103 
3 184 
3 178 



6 270 
9 181 
27 500 
31 879 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 157 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texl] 



$1 ,000. 

Average per farm. dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9,999 __ 

$10,000 to $19.999 - 

$20,000 to $29.999 

$30,000 to $49.999 - 

$50,000 to $69,999 .._. 

$70,000 to $99.999- 

$100,000 to $199,999. 

$200,000 or more 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 



Motortrucks, including pickups farms, 1987. 

1982 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Wheel tractors famis. 1987. 

1982 

number. 1987 

1982 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms, 1987 

number, 1987. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms, 1987. 

number, 1987. 

Grain and bean combines' farms, 1987. 

1982 

number, 1987 

1982 

Cotlonpickers and strtppers farms, 1987. 

1982 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

fylower conditioners farms, 1987 

1982 

number, 1987 

1982 

Pickup balers farms, 1987 

1982 
number. 1987 



7 255 
5 045 
25 017 



1982 



1987 INVENTORY 




20 226 
19 481 
35 175 



6 926 
22 747 
28 858 



See footnotes at end of t 

158 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

(Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text 1 



Estimated market value of all machinery and 

$1,000, 

Average per farm dollars, 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9,999 ._ 

$10,000 to $19,999 - 

$20,000 to $29,999-_ 

$30,000 to $49,999 - - 

$50,000 to $69,999 _ - 

$70,000 to $99.999 - 

$100,000 to $199,999— — 

$200,000 or more - 

$200,000 to $499,999 



3 018 
29 493 
25 151 



8 489 
5 700 
25 341 




1987 INVENTORY 

Manufactured 1983 to 1987: 

Motortrucks, including pickups - farms 

number 

Wfieel tractors farms 

number 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

nu 

Grain and bean combines farms. 

nu 

Cottonpickers and strippers farms. 

Pickup balers — farms. 

Manufactured prior to 1983: 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) __ farms, 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

Grain and bean combines _ __ farms. 

Cottonpickers and strippers farms. 

number 
Mower conditioners (arms 



^Data for 1982 include self-propelled only. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 1! 



Table 9. 



Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 

on a sample of (arms. For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



1987 and 1982 



Chemicals used 



, except pastureland . 



Pastureland and rangeland lertlized . 



Diseases in crops and orchards - 



acres on which used. 



Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 



72 502 
64 204 
76 660 



43 540 
53 311 
43 795 
51 347 



acres on which used. 1987. 



Pastureland and rangeland fertlized . 



acres on which used. 



Nematodes in crops . 



Diseases in crops and i 
Weeds, grass, or bnjsh 



1987.. 

1982. 

used. 1987. 



1987. 



1982. 

(amis. 1987. 

1982. 
J on which used. 1987. 



(arms, 1987. 
1982. 
1 which used. 1987. 



3 749 

4 693 

4 017 

5 923 



160 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[Data are based on a sample of farms Fof meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



Cropland fertilized, except 

acres on wtiich used, 

i fertilized farms, 

acres on wfiicfi used, 

farms 

acres on wtiich used, 

tons, 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 
control — 
Insects on hay and other crops farms, 

acres on which used, 
I crops farms, 

rops and orchards farms, 

acres on which used. 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 
pasture farms, 

acres on which used, 

Chemicals used for defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 161 



Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 
and 1982 



1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory text] 










Characteristics 


















Maine 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberiand 


Franklin 


FARMS 














Land in farms 


.... farms. 1987.. 


6 269 


343 


1 012 


456 


229 




1982.. 


7 003 


355 


1 253 


507 


286 




acres. 1987.. 


1 342 588 


69 551 


329 971 


57 745 


44 217 




1982.. 


1 468 674 


74 219 


385 828 


62 096 


51 046 


Harvested cropland 


.... farms. 1987.. 


5 486 


295 


956 


390 


204 




1982.. 


6 138 


292 


1 181 


422 


246 




acres, 1987.. 


410 891 


23 016 


135 067 


19 389 


11 374 




1982.. 


467 076 


24 175 


159 434 


21 276 


12 393 


TENURE OF OPERATOR 














Full owners 


.... farms. 1987.. 


4 211 


215 


544 


306 


157 




1982.. 


4 778 


238 


755 


356 


196 




acres. 1987.. 


712 238 


30 513 


155 122 


29 676 


24 927 




1982.- 


844 527 


37 319 


215 462 


33 746 


30 347 




._.. farms. 1987.. 


3 516 


178 


494 


254 


133 




1982.. 


4 023 


186 


690 


282 


158 




acres. 1987.. 


149 468 


6 609 


50 752 


6 996 






1982.. 


191 874 


8 781 


74 841 


7 083 


5 362 


Part owners 


.... farms. 1987.. 


1 786 

1 931 


118 
107 


349 
375 


137 
134 


63 




1982.. 


76 




acres. 1987.. 


695 137 


37 151 


160 111 


26 722 


17 915 




1982.. 


590 661 


35 830 


156 057 


26 946 


18 308 


Owned land in farms — 


acres. 1987.. 


435 912 


26 522 


122 839 


16 387 


13 577 




1982.. 


427 921 


26 845 


120 496 


16 176 


14 879 




acres, 1987.. 


159 225 


10 629 


37 272 


10 335 






1982.- 


162 740 


8 985 


35 561 


10 770 


3 429 


Han/ested cropland -- 


— - farms. 1987- 


1 716 


110 


345 


123 


62 




1982.. 


1 852 


101 


369 


127 


73 




acres. 1987.. 


243 734 


15 646 


76 610 


11 775 


6 073 




1982.. 


247 014 


14 865 


74 965 


13 711 


6 113 


Tenants 


.... farms. 1987.. 


272 
294 


10 
10 


123 


13 


9 




1982- 






acres, 1987— 


35 213 


1 887 


14 738 


1 347 


1 375 




1982- 


33 486 
254 
263 


1 070 


14 309 


1 404 
13 


2 391 
9 


an/ested cropan _ 


arms, ^^^^- 


5 


122 


13 


15 




acres, 1987.. 


17 689 


761 


7 705 


618 


938 




1982.. 


18 188 


529 


9 628 


482 


918 
















Operators by place of residence: 














On farm operated 


1987.. 


5 276 


292 


778 


396 


201 




1982.. 


5 762 


305 


976 


426 


245 


Not on farm operated 


1987.. 


654 


30 


170 


40 






1982.. 


650 
591 


22 


174 


44 
20 


15 
9 


°"^^ 


1982- 


28 


103 


37 




Operators by principal occupation: 














Farming 


-1987- 


3 220 


188 




205 


117 


1982- 


3 644 


195 


920 


197 


138 






3 049 


155 
160 


301 
333 


251 
310 


112 




1982- 


150 


Operators by days of work off farm: 














None 


1987- 


2 275 


117 


437 




86 




1982.. 


2 609 


135 


577 


161 


104 





1987.. 


3 653 


201 


509 


287 


128 




1982.. 


3 932 


197 


574 


314 


168 


1 to 49 days 


1987 


436 
501 


24 

19 


95 
120 


20 
27 


11 




1982.. 


19 


50 to 99 days 


. .1987.. 


240 


7 


55 


18 


8 




1982.. 


4 


100 to 149 days _.. 


1987.. 


287 


15 


69 


23 


11 




1982.. 


286 


12 


58 


13 


20 


150 to 199 days _ — 


1987.. 


437 
449 


32 
28 


49 
54 


37 






1982.. 


15 


200 days or more — 


1987.. 


2 253 


123 


252 


189 


84 




1982.. 


2 467 

341 
462 


124 

25 
23 


287 
66 


224 

26 


110 
15 


repo e 


1982- 


102 


32 


16 


Operators by years on present farm: 














2 years or less — 


1987.. 


267 






5 






1982.. 


361 


20 


80 


30 


12 


3 or 4 years - 


- 1987.. 


402 


17 


56 


28 


19 




1982.. 


620 


26 


80 


49 


32 


5 to 9 years 


1987- 


1 039 


52 




85 


37 




1982- 


1 300 


63 


206 


98 







1987- 


3 680 


206 


620 


280 


140 




1982- 


3 546 


184 


697 


244 


138 


Average years on present farm 


1987- 


18.8 


21.6 


18.9 


18.8 


19.4 




1982.. 


17.2 


17.8 


18.2 


16.8 


17.7 


Not snorted 


1987 


881 
1 176 


57 
62 


190 


58 
86 


29 




1982.. 


52 



162 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 

and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



1987 



Characteristics 




















Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


FARMS 
















Land in farms 


.... farms, 1987.. 


290 


576 


221 


228 


334 


572 




1982.. 


286 


573 


211 


240 


403 


654 




acres, 1987.. 


50 026 


112 203 


34 390 


29 230 


70 813 


132 717 




1982.. 




117 547 


31 703 


32 318 


78 270 


145 949 


Harvested cropland -__ 


.... famis, 1987.. 


272 


476 


173 


192 


286 


494 




1982.. 


263 


484 


182 


214 


345 


566 




acres, 1987.. 


6 927 


36 093 


8 907 


7 934 


16 636 


38 952 




1982.. 


6 733 


39 454 


7 358 


8 405 


19 619 


44 795 


TENURE OF OPERATOR 
















u owners -. 


farms, 1967 


245 


391 
372 


157 
159 


181 


220 
259 


386 




1982.. 


445 




acres, 1987.. 


(D) 


61 960 


20 672 


18 306 


38 767 


64 682 




1982.. 


39 449 


62 710 


22 097 


21 721 


44 603 


76 771 


Harvested cropland 


.... farms, 1987.. 


228 


306 




138 


179 


313 




1982.. 


215 


299 




162 


208 


370 




acres, 1987.. 


(D) 


13 584 


3 005 


3 097 


4 681 


12 666 




1982- 


4 288 


15 041 


(D) 


4 029 


6 262 




art owners - 


farms 1987 


41 
48 


167 
177 


53 
51 


51 
53 


102 
138 


176 




' 1982.. 


167 




acres, 1987.. 


11 158 


48 732 


12 233 


10 541 


30 294 


66 163 






11 524 


52 246 


(D) 


10 385 


33 562 


66 514 


Owned land in farms 


acres. 198711 


9 200 
8 513 


33 267 
35 615 


6 775 
5 348 


6 569 
6 682 


22 589 

23 453 


47 561 




1982.. 


47 455 


Rented land in farms 


.acres. 1987.. 


1 958 
3 Oil 


15 465 


5 458 
(D) 


3 972 
3 703 


7 705 
to 109 


18 582 




1982.. 


19 059 




.... farms, 1987.. 


40 


167 


49 


48 


97 


172 




1982- 


45 


165 


49 


46 


134 


177 




acres, 1987.. 


2 317 


21 863 


4 966 


4 557 


10 803 


26 056 




1982.. 


2 426 


23 748 




4 239 


13 315 


26 494 


Tenants _— 


.... farms, 1987.. 


4 


18 


,, 


6 


12 


10 




1982.. 


6 


24 




6 


6 


22 




acres, 1987.. 


(D) 


1 511 


1 485 


383 


1 752 


1 672 




1982.. 


353 


2 591 


(D) 


212 


105 


2 664 




.... farms, 1987.. 




13 


10 


6 


10 


9 




1982.. 


3 


20 




6 




19 




acres, 1987.. 


(D) 


656 


936 


280 


1 152 


230 




1982.. 


19 


665 


(D) 


137 


42 


1 483 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 
















Operators by place of residence: 
















On farm operated 


1987.. 


200 


515 


181 


194 


299 


502 




1982.. 


202 


485 


170 


199 


350 


541 


Not on farm operated 


1987.. 


68 


27 


22 


21 


23 


40 




1982.. 


63 


32 


24 


19 


20 


55 






22 

21 


34 
56 


18 
17 


13 
22 


11 


30 





19821: 


58 


Operators by principal occupation: 
















Farming 


1987.. 


82 


299 


102 


66 


169 


288 




1982.. 


100 


286 


93 


100 


189 


320 






208 
186 


277 
287 


119 
118 


143 
140 


165 
214 


284 




1982II 


334 


Operators by days of work off fami: 
















None.—'—. 


1987- 


84 


240 


72 


53 


120 


210 




1982.. 


84 


224 


80 


61 


139 


249 





1987.. 


197 


302 


138 


166 


192 


332 




1982.. 


182 


309 


121 


161 


237 


371 


1 to 49 days 


1987 


13 


19 


16 


21 


21 
22 


32 




1982.. 


37 


50 to 99 days 


1987.. 


19 


16 


12 


8 


13 


21 




1982.. 


12 


20 






8 


21 


100 to 149 days 


1987.. 


10 


18 


5 


16 


12 


20 




1982.. 


15 


16 




8 


21 


29 






20 
20 


46 
28 


16 
16 


13 
31 


22 

19 


37 


*' 


1982 


45 


200 days or more 


1987II 


134 
122 


203 
216 


87 


117 
95 


167 


222 




1982.. 


239 






9 

20 


34 
40 


10 


18 


22 

27 


30 


repo 


1982- 


34 
















33 


2 years or less 


1987.. 




36 


11 




11 




1982.. 




30 


9 




15 


31 




1987.. 




38 




13 


24 


39 




1982.. 


18 


55 


25 


22 


45 


55 


5 to 9 years.... 


1987.. 


50 


92 


48 


46 


40 


88 




1982.. 


73 


95 


36 


46 


84 


123 


10 years or more 


1987.. 


166 


324 




131 


216 


334 




1982.. 


137 


266 


114 




190 


328 


Average years on present farm 


1987.. 

1982.. 


16.8 
16.5 


19.1 
17.2 


17.2 
17 4 


16.9 
161 


20.4 
159 


18.5 
17.3 


Not reported 


1987.. 


37 


86 


34 


^i 


43 


78 




1982.. 


50 


105 


25 


45 


69 


117 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 163 



Table 10. 



Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations < 



I symbols, see introductory t 



Characteristics 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


FARMS 




















138 

158 

38 391 

36 248 

118 

139 

8 596 

8 757 


124 
120 
18 319 
17 827 
107 
108 

4 867 

5 572 


462 

523 

112 332 

122 973 

463 
32 303 
35 491 


426 

465 

85 137 

90 463 

368 

378 

23 629 

23 275 


337 

381 

85 734 

87 438 

325 

359 

18 781 

16 346 






" acre. IIP:: 
1982.. 
farnis 1987 


586 
71 812 
83 423 

439 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.- 


496 
18 420 
23 993 


TENIIRF OF OPERATOR 




















92 

20 2 
73 
97 


84 
11 612 
10 726 
76 
73 
2 452 
2 192 


336 

59 865 

60 954 
245 
284 

12 040 
11 863 


276 

331 

41 236 

52 670 

221 

249 

7 177 

9 191 


273 

319 

53 333 

65 541 

263 

300 

5 837 

9 378 






1982.. 
acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 
.... famis. 1987.. 

1982.. 
— .1--- 


400 

45 609 

SO 085 

301 

318 

8 385 

9 697 






44 

"ii 

18 381 

13 133 

2 510 

(D) 


33 
6 707 
6 722 

4 675 

1 855 

2 047 


145 
168 
50 727 
59 506 
36 409 
43 676 

14 318 

15 830 


137 
125 
42 621 
36 735 
31 112 
27 397 
11 509 
9 338 


45 
50 
28 535 
19 360 
22 054 
12 787 
6 481 
6 573 






acres, 1987.. 
1982.. 
acres 1987 


168 
24 636 
31 671 
17 798 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


20 791 
6 838 
10 880 


Harvested cropland 


.... farms, 1987.. 

1982- 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


40 
5 219 
5 127 


31 
32 

2 415 

3 229 


140 

164 

19 103 

22 040 


134 

121 

15 767 

13 588 


43 

48 

11 321 

5 737 


121 

161 

9 253 

13 604 




farms 1987 


2 

i 

1 

2 

(D) 
(D) 


3 
379 

3 
151 


19 

1 740 

2 513 

6 

15 

1 160 

1 588 


1 

13 

8 

685 

496 


19 

12 

3 866 

2 537 

19 

11 

1 623 

1 231 


19 




1982-. 
acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 
farms 1987 


18 
1 567 
1 667 

17 




acres, 111?:: 
1982.. 


17 
782 
692 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 
















Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 


1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982.. 


124 

134 
S 

11 
9 

13 


117 

106 

2 

3 

5 


415 
441 
29 
25 
18 
57 


367 
400 
35 
31 
24 
34 


230 
281 
81 
75 
26 
25 


465 
501 
42 

37 




1982-. 


48 


Farming '. 


..,1987.. 

1982- 


64 
70 
74 
88 


53 
56 

64 


258 
302 
204 
221 


251 
277 
175 
188 


108 
148 
229 
233 


240 
253 




1982.. 


333 


Operators by days of work off farm: 
None......... 

Any 


1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982- 


46 

90 
97 


36 

45 
84 
70 


195 
220 
247 
259 


198 
221 
239 


77 
108 
243 
249 


178 
169 
314 
384 


1 to 49 days 


1987.. 

1982.. 


16 
9 
3 

3 

7 

12 
58 
62 


11 
9 
6 

6 
5 
61 
48 


39 
16 

21 
21 
35 
26 
142 
164 


31 
42 
15 
16 
27 

28 
115 
136 


47 
38 
14 
17 
22 
13 
34 
31 
126 
150 


30 


100 to 149 days 


1982.. 

1987.. 

1982.. 


16 
15 
25 




1982.. 


50 
216 


^ 


1982.. 


252 


Not reported 


1987.. 


2 

6 


5 


20 
44 


24 
28 


17 
24 


29 




1982.. 


33 


Operators by years on present fami: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 


1987.. 

198?:: 

111?-- 


8 
11 
15 

11 
31 
62 
79 
15.8 
15.3 


3 
5 
12 
9 
29 
24 
70 
62 
183 
16,7 


17 
28 
39 
51 
76 
88 
268 
254 
18.2 
16.3 


10 
29 
24 
39 
85 
73 
242 
248 
18.9 
173 


9 
16 
12 

61 
74 
194 
185 
195 
17.8 


24 
26 
26 
53 


10 years or more. _ 

Average years on present farm 


1982.. 
.1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982.. 


128 
313 
284 
19.3 
16.9 


onnrtori 


1987 


22 


10 
20 


62 

102 


76 


61 
60 


73 




1982.. 


95 



164 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982-Con. 

(For nwaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Characteristics 


Maine 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS - 

Con. 














Operators by age group; 
Under 25 yeis 

25 to 34 years 

35 to *4 years 


1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982- 


53 
96 
611 
873 
1 469 
1 741 


2 
2 

29 

59 
92 


22 
36 
146 
210 
262 
316 


5 

30 
50 
100 
125 


2 
6 
17 
29 
50 
79 


45 to 54 


1987.. 


1 520 
1 701 
1 382 
1 505 
760 
622 


102 

88 
48 


249 
333 
212 
240 
121 
91 


120 

93 
125 
55 


53 


55 to 64 years 

56 to 59 years 

80 to 64 years 


1982.- 
1987.. 

lllf:: 

1987.. 


72 
56 
59 
38 
18 


65 years and over 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 


1987.. 

1982- 

1987.. 

1987.. 

1987.. 

1982.. 


1 234 
1 087 
566 
668 
51.7 
49.8 


66 
55 
22 
46 
53.4 
50.5 


121 
118 
61 
60 
48.1 
46.7 


108 
80 
56 
52 
53.0 
51.0 


51 
43 
24 
27 


Operators by sex: 




5 705 

6468 

1 267 935 

1 395 656 


335 
66 212 
71 258 


988 
1 222 


403 

456 

52 764 

56 634 


212 




1982- 

acres. 1987.. 

1982- 


273 
41 897 
49 166 


Female 


tarms 1987 


564 

535 

74 653 

73 018 


23 
20 

2 961 


24 

31 
3 721 
6 071 


53 

51 

4 981 

5 462 


17 




acres, j|:: 


15 
2 320 
1 880 


TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 














Individual or (amily (sole proprietorship) .... 


... farms. 1987.. 
acres, ig;: 


5 594 

6 317 
1 059 102 
1 180 862 


44 ii 
49 563 


872 
1 091 


397 

450 

45 998 

50 468 


207 

268 

35 879 

44 139 




farms 1987 
... tarms, ISB/- 


350 

384 

110 356 

122 912 


19 
25 

7 311 


65 

89 

25 180 

33 836 


26 
4 697 
4 999 


12 




acres, 1987.. 
1982- 


12 

2 362 

(D) 


"^^^^ 

Other than family held 


.... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

— .1--- 

.... farms. 1987.. 

1982-. 


281 
242 

134 5?^ 
19 
30 

,6i?i 


40 

32 

17 170 

3 

3 

2 946 

2 962 


66 

52 397 

54 238 

3 

5 

652 

5 407 


28 

22 

3 087 

3 010 

6 

1 6'?i 


10 

7 

5 976 

2 452 


Other-cooperative, estate or trust 




25 

30 

14 800 

14 250 




6 

3 

3 198 

2 943 


2 

3 

(D) 

1 947 




1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 165 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 



and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations < 



! introductory text] 



Characteristics 


Hancock 


Kennebec 


Knox 


Lincoln 


Oxford 


Penobscot 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 
















Operators by age group: 




2 
18 
34 
58 
55 


2 

6 
56 
64 
127 
155 


5 
2 
25 
27 
60 
42 


2 
27 
29 
59 
68 


2 
26 
62 
90 
100 




25 to 34 years 


1982.- 
1987 


8 
SO 




1982- 


75 




1982.. 


175 




1987 


65 

68 

39 
29 


146 
150 
137 
112 
82 
65 


60 
54 
46 
44 
23 
23 


56 
51 
42 
48 
22 
20 


78 
100 
58 

31 
27 


153 


55 to 64 years 


1982.. 
. ..1987.. 


167 

123 




1982.. 
1987 


130 
82 




1987.. 








81 
68 
33 
48 
55.0 
52.8 


86 
51 
57 
51.6 
49.5 


35 

16 
60.4 
61.1 


44 
42 
20 
24 
60.8 
49.9 


81 
72 
34 

52.4 
50.1 




65 to 69 years 


1982.. 
1987 


11 




1987 


51 










1982.. 


49.6 


Operators by sex: 
Male 


... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


245 

248 

43 235 

43 513 


528 

538 

103 272 

113 164 


199 

188 

31 427 

28 620 


197 

220 

27 364 

31 035 


305 

369 

66 754 

74 072 


520 

595 

126 308 

136 675 


Female 


... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


45 
38 

6 791 

7 813 


48 

35 

8 931 

4 383 


22 
23 

2 963 

3 083 


31 
20 

1 283 


29 

34 

4 069 

4 198 


52 

59 

6 409 

9 274 


TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 
















Individual or family (sole proprietorstiip) 


... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


256 

260 

38 247 

41 903 


606 

612 

90 791 

96 940 


207 

196 

29 647 

27 311 


214 

225 

27 315 

29 141 


300 

367 

57 565 

66 828 


111 785 
130 469 






20 
2 269 


46 
42 

14 896 

15 357 


9 
12 

1 886 

2 496 


8 

9 

846 

(D) 


18 

(D) 
(D) 






■ 1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


31 

11 499 

(D) 


Corporation: 
Family held 


farms 1987 


12 

9 

(D) 

5 913 

1 

(D) 
(D) 


20 

13 

(D) 

4 394 

3 


5 

3 

2 957 

(D) 

(D) 


5 
1 069 
1 530 


16 
3 


14 


Other than family held 


1982.. 
acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 
farms 1987 


10 
8 739 
4 721 




acres, 1987" 
1982.. 


-. 


Other -cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc. 


... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


(D) 


3 

1 892 

(D) 




{0) 


1 

(D) 
(D) 


3 



166 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 

and 1982-Con. 



1987 



CharaclerisUcs 




















Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 
















Con. 
















Operators by age group: 
















Under 25 years 


1987.. 






8 


3 


2 






1982.. 


1 




8 


10 


8 




25 to 34 years 


1987.- 


19 


10 


44 


49 


24 


41 




1982.. 


24 


9 


76 


54 




64 


35 to 44 years —_ 


....1987.. 


39 


27 


106 


105 


70 


127 




1982.. 


48 


35 


119 


115 


73 




45 to 54 years _. 


1987.. 


33 


34 


115 


85 


50 


121 




1982.. 


24 


23 


129 


115 


69 


140 


55 to 64 years 


1987.. 


25 


24 


104 


107 


87 


117 




1982.. 




35 


116 


96 


102 


138 


55 to 59 years — 


1987.. 


16 


7 


52 


60 


45 


52 


60 to 64 years 


1987.. 


9 


17 


52 


47 


42 


65 


65 years and over _ 


1987.. 


22 


29 


85 


77 


104 


114 




1982.. 


28 


17 


75 


75 


88 


99 


65 to 69 years ._ 


1987.. 


9 


18 


39 


32 


45 


48 


70 years and over 


1987.. 


13 


11 


46 


45 


59 


56 


Average age _ _ 


1987.. 


49.7 




51.3 


51.2 


55.8 


52.9 




1982.. 


49.2 


5i:i 


49.1 


50.0 




51.2 


Operators by sex: 
















Male 


... farms, 1987.. 


124 


112 




386 


294 


458 




1982.. 


140 


105 


487 


432 


334 


526 




acres, 1987.. 


35 931 


16 067 


104 762 


81 315 


79 938 


64 439 




1982.. 


33 384 


15 452 


117 274 


86 077 


82 371 


77 204 


Female 


... fanris, 1987.. 


14 


12 


48 


40 


43 


63 




1982.. 


18 


15 


36 


33 


47 


60 




acres, 1987.. 


2 460 


2 252 


7 570 


3 822 


5 796 


7 373 




1982.. 


2 864 


2 375 


5 699 


4 386 


5 067 


6 219 


TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 
















Individual or family (sole proprietorstiip) .... 


... farms, 1987.. 


126 


115 


417 


400 


296 


474 




1982.. 


139 


112 


483 


434 


345 


529 




acres, 1987.. 


28 815 


16 746 


93 450 


77 440 


52 703 


60 063 




1982.. 


29 006 


16 245 


105 701 


77 923 


56 534 


69 287 




... famis, 1987.. 


10 


8 


32 


19 


18 


14 




1982.. 




3 


26 


20 


24 


25 




acres, 1987.. 


5 423 


(D) 


11 303 


6 002 


(D) 


2 754 




1982.. 


4 556 


(D) 


8 176 


8 359 


(D) 


3 753 


Ckjrporation: 
















Family held 


... farms, 1987.. 




1 


11 


6 


18 


27 




1982.. 


6 




11 


6 


11 


23 




acres, 1987.. 


4 153 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


16 113 


6 841 




1982.. 


(D) 


839 


5 581 


(D) 


20 109 


6 678 


Other than family held 


... farms, 1987.. 










3 


3 




1982.. 


2 






2 








acres, 1987.. 




- 






6 250 


1 108 




1982.. 


(D) 


- 




(0) 


- 


2 325 


Other-cooperative, estate or trust. 
















institutional, etc 


... farms, 1987.. 






2 




2 






1982.. 




1 


3 


3 




5 




acres, 1987.. 






(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


1 046 




1982-. 


- 


(D) 


3 515 


700 


(D) 


1 380 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 167 



Table 11 Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



INVENTORY 

Cattle and calve! 



Farms by inventory: 



farms, 1987. 

1982 

lumber, 1987. 



ows and heifers that had calved .. 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 


1987 famis by inventory: 


1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 


10 to 19 


number. 


20 to 49 


number. 


SO to 99 


number. 




number. 




number. 


500 or more 


number. 




number. 


1987 farms by inventory: 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 




number. 


20 to 49 


number. 




number. 




number. 


200 to 499 


number. 




number. 


eifers and heifer calves __._ 


number. 

farms, 1987. 

1982. 



' calves, bulls, and t 



farms. 1987 



17 754 


1 294 


22 255 








529 


40 


29 823 






2 840 


241 


24 


293 












95 




84 




26 710 




22 658 


4 362 


4 








3 138 




5 323 


- 


2 271 


160 


3 123 


190 


61 597 




70 415 


6 305 



3 599 
239 

3 048 
129 

3 464 



2 025 
2 924 
47 036 



168 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductoty text) 



Con. 



Cattle and calves. 




r calves, bulls, 



farms. 1987. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 169 



Table 11. 



Cattte and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

I symbols, see introductory text) 



Con. 



Cattle and calves. 



Farms by inventory: 



1 to 9 






1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 




1982. . 
number, 1987.. 




1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


1 00 to 1 99 


1982- 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms 1987 


200 to 499 


1982-. 
number, 1987.. 
1982.. 
farms 1987 




1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 




1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms 1987 




1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


1987 farms by inventory: 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


10 to 19 


number., 
farms 


20 to 49 


number., 
farms 




number.. 


100 to 199 


number., 
farms 




number.. 




number.. 


Milk cows 


number., 
farms 1987 




1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


10 to 19 


number., 
farms 






50 to 99 


farms" 


100 to 199 


famis— 




number.. 


500 or more 






number. - 


Steers, steer calues. bulls, and bull calves 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 



170 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 and 1982-Con. 



Cattle and calves £ 



10 to 19- 
20 to 49 . 
50 to 99 . 



1987 farms by number sold: 
1 to 9 


farms 


10 to 19 


number, 
farms 




number. 


SO to 99 


number, 
farms 


100 to 199 


number, 
farms 




number 


500 or more 


number, 
farms 


Cattle sold 


number 
farms. 1987 



100 to 199... 
200 to 499... 
500 or more . 



Cattle fattened on grain and concentrates 

sold farms, 1987 

1982 

number, 1987 

1982 

$1,000, 1987 

1982 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 _ farms 

10 to 19... farms 



50 to 99 farms. 



) to 199 farms. 

) to 499 farms. 



2 366 

3 030 
50 357 
52 363 
15 329 
15 231 

1 208 



1 992 
26 156 
28 522 



2 087 
2 611 
24 201 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 171 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Dairy products sold . 



1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 
1982. 



1987 farms by nu 


nber sold: 


farms 






number.. 






number.. 


SO to 99 




number., 
fanns 


100 to 1S9 




number.. 


200 to 499 




number.. 






number.. 


Calves sold 




number.. 
farms. 1987.. 



100 to 199. 
200 to 499. 



Cattle sold.. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number. 1987.. 



Cattle fattened c 



- farms, 1987 
1982 

number, 1987 
1982 

$1,000, 1987 



10 to 19. 
2010 49. 
50 to 99. 



number 
number 



7 524 
7 750 
2 248 
2 377 



172 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




8 033 

1 985 

2 135 



3 923 
3 558 
1 795 



1 to 9 


farms 


10 to 19 


number. 


20 to 49 


number, 
farms 




number- 


100 to 199 


number, 
farms 




number. 




number. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 173 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see mlroductory text] 







Farms by inventory; 


1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 


25 to 49 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 


SO to 99 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 


100 to 199 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 




1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 


500 to 999 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

farms 1987 


1.000 or more - 

Hogs and pigs used or to be used fc 


1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 
farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 


1 to 24 


1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 


25 to 49 




100 or more 


farms. 



Other hogs and pigs farms, 1987. 



number, 1987 



Dec. 1 of preceding year and May 31 . 



June 1 and Nov, 30 . 



farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

SALES 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 24 farms. 

25 to 49 farms. 

number. 
50 to 99 farms. 

100 to 199 farms! 

number. 
200 to 499.. farms. 

500 to 999 farms! 

number. 

1,000 or mora farms. 

number. 

Feeder pigs sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987, 

1982. 

Hogs and pigs other than feeder pigs sold ... farms, 1987 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 



2 260 

3 

3 991 



iS 



174 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



INVENTORY 



Hogs and pigs . 



Farms by inventory: 



500 to 999 farms, 



1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 or more 

Other hogs and pigs 



Dec- 1 of preceding year and May 31 farms 



SALES 

Hogs and pigs sold farms, 




1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 175 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




Feeder pigs sold 



Hogs and pigs other 



176 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 13. Sheep and Horses— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



25 to 99... 
100 to 299. 
300 to 999. 



Sheep and lambs shorn . 



Sheep and lambs sold . 



Sheep, lambs, and wool s 



Horses and ponies inventory- 



Horses and ponies sold . 



12 905 

13 838 
04 438 
94 519 


471 

879 

3 670 

5 761 


508 

505 

11 933 

10 344 


34 
451 
580 



Sheep and lambs inventory.. farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 24 

25 to 99 

100 to 299 

300 to 999 

1,000 or more _._ 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 



farms, 1987. 



pounds of wool, 1987. 



Sheep and lambs sold . 



i and ponies inventory.. 



,. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
number, 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 177 



Table 13. Sheep and Horses— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



heep and lambs inventory 

1987 farms by inventory: 


larms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


15 

720 
904 






100 to 299 


1 


300 to 999 










farms 1987 


13 


heep and lambs shorn 


1982.- 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

1982^; 

pounds of v»ool. 1987.. 

1982.. 


13 
545 
611 

10 

3 082 
3 032 



Sheep and lambs s 



Sfieep. lambs, and wool sold . 



I ponies inventory. 



farms. 1987. 



Horses and ponies sold . 



number, 
$1,000, 



178 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For moaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



INVENTORY 




Pullet ctiicks and pullets i 






J ottier r 



Turkeys 

Turkey tiens kept for breeding . 

Ducks, geese, and ottier poultry.. 



SALES 

Any poultry £ 



Hens and pullets sold 

Hens and pullets of laying age s 
Pullets not of laying age sold .. 



. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
number, 1987.. 

1982.. 
,. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 



1982.. 



Broilers and ottier meat-type ctilckens sold... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 1,999 

2,000 to 59,999 

60.000 to 99,999 

100,000 to 199,999 

200,000 to 499,999 

500,000 or more farms. 

Turkeys sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

Turkeys for slaugfiter sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 



1 254 
719 

1 015 
999 685 
232 235 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 179 



Table 14. 



Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



Any poultry 

Chickens 3 months old or t 




Pullet chicks and pullets under 3 r 



Broilefs and other meat-type chickens . 



number. 1987 



Ducks, geese, and other poultry. 



SALES 

Any poultry sold . 



lens and pullets sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

Hens and pullets of laying age sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

Pullets not of laying age sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 




180 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



Con. 



Any poultry . 
Chickens 3 r 



Hens and pullets ol laying age (i<mis. 1987. 

1982. 

' 19821 
1987 fami» by inventory: 

1 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 3,199 — . 

3.200 to 9,999 

10.000 to 19,999 ._ - 

20.000 to 49.999 

50.000 to 99.999 — 

100,000 or more farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 

laying age famis. 1987. 

1982. 
numlwr, 1987. 



Pullet chicks and pullets 




. farms, 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 

1982- 



Hens and pullets of laying age sold 



Pullets not of laying age sold . 




7lg 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 181 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations £ 




982. 



1987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 



1982.. 



1987 farms by acre 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 acres or more 

Land In orchards farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Irrigated- _ farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

1 987 farms by beanng and nonbeahng 

0-1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99 9 acres __. 



28 711 
32 517 
442 833 
486 368 



221 675 
241 490 
393 393 
414 555 



15 434 

15 525 
31 582 
30 741 



36 163 
2 591 824 
2 345 791 



17 561 
20 921 
28 902 
31 783 



17 486 
17 850 
29 133 
31 723 



182 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Harvested cropland farms, 1987. 

1982 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Corn for silage or qreen chop farms, 1987. 

1982. 



acres, 1987. 

1982 

tons, green, 1987. 



5 710 
5 984 
82 746 
80 448 



100 to 249 acres 



1982_ 
farms. 1987_. 

1982_ 
acres, 1987_ 

1982_ 



Irisfi potatoes farms. 1987. 

1982- 

acres. 1987. 

1982- 

cwt, 1987- 

1982- 

Irrigated farms. 1987- 

1982- 

acres. 1987. 

1982- 

1 987 farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres — 

25.0 to 99.9 acres --- 

100.0 acres or more — 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild. 

grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

tons, dry, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres — -- 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text) farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987- 

1982- 

Irrigated farms, 1987- 

1982- 

acres, 1987- 

1982- 



1 987 farms by acres 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms, 1987- 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated (arms. 1987- 

1982. 

acres. 1987- 

1982- 

1987 farms by bearing and nonbeanng 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 



2 520 

3 159 

4 271 



6 556 
5 776 
9 462 
9 702 



27 582 
31 554 
48 872 
55 125 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 183 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



Corn tor silage or green chop. 



farms 


1987 




19R? 




1987 




Wti2 


larms 


IHH/ 




1HH? 








198i^. 


tarms 


1987 




198? 








19H? 












1987 




Wb2 


acres 


198/ 







1987 farms by a 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres _ — 

250 acres or more 

Oats for grain farms, 1987_. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

bustiels, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Irrigated farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

■ 1982": 

1 987 farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

Iristi potatoes farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

cwt, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Irrigated farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 



I acres or more . 



... farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987 

1982. 

tons, dry, 1987 

1982. 

... farms, 1987 

1982. 

acres, 1987 

1982. 



6 510 

6 see 

10 736 



5 070 

7 719 

8 500 



1987 f 



;by£ 



100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Irngated farms, 1987.. 

1982. 

acres, 1987., 

1982.. 

1 987 farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4,9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by bearing and nonbeanng 

0,1 to 4,9 acres 

5.0 to 24,9 acres 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 acres or more 



2 591 
2 738 
38 459 
38 409 



19 724 
19 195 
38 243 



14 302 
19 301 
23 074 
33 703 



184 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 

[Data for 1987 Include abnormal farms. For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Item 


Maine 


Androscoggin 


Aroostook 


Cumberland 


Franklin 


FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 














Land in tarms ..- 


. famis, 1987. _ 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres 1987 


2 621 

2 871 

871 002 

939 193 

327 


152 

155 

48 595 

54 182 

350 


701 
879 
286 081 
328 492 
407 
374 


140 
154 
29 546 
32 387 
211 
210 


85 
91 

23 776 

24 989 
280 




1982.. 


275 


Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm 


.dollars. 1987.. 
1982.. 


291 431 

228 572 

862 

699 


509 163 

386 917 

1 483 

1 081 


218 908 

189 130 

557 

517 


497 361 

282 234 

2 420 

1 076 


229 173 
186 842 




1982.. 


710 




. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 


2 632 

2 731 

444 948 

459 475 

2 437 

2 652 

327 398 

364 700 


144 

145 

23 527 

26 384 

18 619 
20 318 


696 

875 

168 435 

183 308 

692 

871 

127 832 

149 848 


136 

17 079 

18 778 

136 
12 981 
14 688 




Harvested cropland 


84 

10 378 

9 886 

79 

83 


Irrigated land 


.. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


217 

5 540 
(D) 


9 
280 
326 


25 

2 117 
1 053 


33 
25 
627 
712 


6 

78 
(D) 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 














Total sales (see te>tt) 


. $1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 
..dollars, 1987.. 

1982.. 


395 352 
389 122 
150 840 


70 567 
512 206 


97 778 
86 302 

139 484 

98 182 


12 231 
14 047 
87 365 
91 215 


6 989 
6 642 
82 220 




72 986 


1987 sales by commodity or commodity 
crops - 














$1,000^; 


1 754 
151 895 


85 
5 590 


660 
92 597 


5 168 


40 

1 123 






469 
4 118 
30 
759 
13 
54 


3 
(D) 

2 
(D) 


402 

2 922 

3 

(D) 

(0) 


3 
(D) 






$1,000.. 
farms 


(D) 




$1,000.. 


(D) 




$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 


I 


Sorghum for grain __ 

Barley 

Oats 

Other grains 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 


34 

401 

2 824 

61 
448 


(D) 
(D) 


11 
(D) 
377 
2 689 
36 
142 


1 
(D) 


2 
(D) 


Cotton and cottonseed 


farms.. 

$1,000.- 


571 

4 583 

235 


42 
239 

18 
258 


85 
483 


32 

271 
25 
604 


I 


Hay. silage, and field seeds 

vegetables, sweet com, and melons ._ 


$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 


20 
233 

4 
157 


Fruits nuts, and berries 


farms 


410 
29 089 

187 
11 038 

721 
95 424 


28 

3 775 

14 

690 

(D) 


3 
(D) 

i 

84 447 


24 
988 
30 
2 728 
10 
(D) 


18 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 

Other crops 


$1.000.. 
farms.. 

$1.000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 


516 
5 

(D) 
1 

(D) 


Livestock, poultry, and their products .... 

Poultry and poultry products 

Dairy products 


(arms.. 

$1,000.. 

$i^o:: 

$i,oooII 


1 393 

243 456 

226 

128 492 

870 

88 550 


110 
64 977 

53 763 

78 

9 823 


5 181 
4 033 


87 
7 063 

12 
1 498 

50 
4 504 


61 
5 865 

1 178 

50 

4 294 


Cattle and calves 

Hogs and pigs 


$i,oooII 

farms 


1 172 
12 826 
80 
800 
82 
(D) 

96 
(D) 


94 
1 344 
5 
(D) 
6 
7 

B 
(D) 


112 
626 
3 
5 
2 
(D) 

15 
208 


71 
848 

i 

(D) 
45 


55 

357 

2 




$1,000.. 


^°l 


Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) 


$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 


(D) 

2 
(D) 



See footnotes at end of t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 185 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[Data for 1987 Include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land In farms farms. 

Average size of farm acres, 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm .__ dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Total cropland farms. 

acres, 

land farms, 

acres, 

- farms, 

acres. 



Total sales (see text) .-- $1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

Average per farm dollars, 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 sales by commodity or commodity 
group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse 

crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 
Com for grain farnis. 

$1,000. 
Wtieat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans- farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley I 

$1,000. 
Oats famis. 

$1,000. 
Ottier grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 
Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000 
Vegetables, sweet com, and melons _._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestoclt. poultry, and their products farms. 

$1,000 
Poultry and poultry products famis 

$1,000, 
Dairy products fanns 

$1,000 

Cattle and calves farms 

$1,000 
Hogs and pigs farms 

$1,000 
Sheep, lambs, and wool farms 

$1,000 
Other livestock and livestock products 
(see texl) __ farms 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



41 417 




33 340 




166 335 


107 482 


135 530 


112 167 



6 98. 
5 273 



(D) 

8 

2 250 



186 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. 



Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 

I farms. For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory t 



1987 and 1982 -Con. 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land In farms farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Average size of farm aaes, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Value of land and buildings^ 

Average per farm _ _.. dollars, 1987.. 

1982.. 
Average per acre dollars, 1987_. 

1982. . 

Total cropland farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

J cropland farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

' 1982^: 



Total sales (see text) $1,000, 1987. 



1982., 



1987 sales by commodr 
group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Com (or grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wheat farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sorghum for grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Barley farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Oats farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Tobacco farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Hay, silage, and field seeds (arms.. 

$1,000.. 
Vegetables, sweet com, and melons (arms.. 

$1,000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and benles (arms.. 

$1,000-. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops (arms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other crops (arms.. 

$1,000.. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products (arms.. 

$1,000.. 
Poultry and poultry products (arms.. 

$1,000.. 
Dairy products (arms.. 

$1,000.. 

Cattle and calves (arms.. 

$1,000.. 
Hogs and pigs (amis.. 

$1,000.. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool (arms.. 

$1,000-. 
Other livestock and livestock products 



19 362 
22 277 
94 451 
96 439 



31 467 
35 863 
157 335 
160 821 



See footnotes < 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 187 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(Data tor 1 987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



Cast) grains (011) 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) ___ 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Iristi potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c 

(0133. 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) _ 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) _ 




TENURE OF OPERATOR 



1987. 



acres. 1987_ 

1982. 
farms. 1987_ 

1982_ 
acres. 1987. 

1982. 
farms. 1987. 

1982. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated _ 1987. 

1982. 

Not on farm operated 1987. 

1982. 

Not reponed _ 1987. 

1982. 
Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 1987. 

1982. 

Otfier ..1987 

1982. 
Operators by days of worK off farm: 

None 1987. 

1982. 

Any. 1987. 

1982. 

1 to 49 days 1987. 

1982. 

50 to 99 days 1987. 

1982. 

100 to 149 acres 1987. 

1982. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

188 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



Cash grains (Oil) - 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) — - 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 

(0133, 0134, 0139) - 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fmits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmarily crop (019) _. 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) --- - 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) __. __ - 

Poultry and eggs (025) _ — . 

Animal specialties (027) _ 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
i(029) — 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres _..1987.- 

1982.. 
10 to 49 acres 1987.. 

1982.. 
SO to 69 acres - - __-.1987.. 

1982.. 
70 to 99 acres — - 1987.. 

1982.. 

100 to 139 acres - 1987_. 

1982.- 
140 to 179 acres - 1987.. 

180 to 219 acres- 1987.. 

1982-. 
220 to 259 acres - - 1987.. 

1982- 

260 to 499 acres - -1987- 

1982.. 
500 to 999 acres - 1987- 

1982- 
1,000 to 1,999 acres - - 1987- 

1982,. 
2,000 acres or more - 1987- 

1982.. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners- — — farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Part owners - farms, 1987- 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Tenants farms. 1987. 



1982. 







acres. 1987.. 
1982.. 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 




Operators by place of res 


Kjence: 


1987 


Not on farm operated . 




1982.. 

1967.. 

1982.. 






1982.. 


Operators by principal occupation: 
Farming 


1987 . 






1982.. 






1982.. 


Operators by days of wo 


k off farm: 


1987 






]Z:: 






1982- 


1 to 49 davs 




1987 






1982- 






1982- 
1987 






1982.. 



See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 189 



Table 16 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal fanDs. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Cash grains (Oil) _ _ __. 

Field crops, except casfi grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish potatoes: 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 

(0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily aop (019) 



except dairy, poultry, and ai 

es(021) 

attle. except (eedlots (0212) . 



Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock arid £ 
specialties (029) 



FARMS BY SIZE 



180 to 219 acres 1987 

1982 
220 to 259 acres 1987 



260 to 499 acres . 



500 to 999 acres . 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 



farms 
acres 


1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 


famis 
acres 


1987. 
1982. 


farms 
acres 


1987. 
1982. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 1987. 

1982. 

Not on farm operated 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 
Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 1987., 

1982. 

Other 1987. 

1982. 
Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 1987. 

1982. 

Any 1987. 

1982. 

1 to 49 days -. 1987. 

1982. 

50 to 99 days 1987. 

1982. 

100 to 149 acres 1987. 

1982. 



See footnotes at ( 

190 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by days of work off farm -Con. 

150 to 199 days 1987. 

1982. 
200 days or more _ __ 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 operators by years on present fann: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

1 987 operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over _. 

Average age 

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Partnerstiip farms. 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 
1982. 
Corporation: 

Family tield farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Other than family held famis. 1987. 

1982. 

■ 19821 
Other -cooperative, estate or tnjst, 

■" ■ ■ farnis. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 



Total famn production expenses 


farms. 

$1,000. 




$1,000. 


Commercially mixed formula feeds 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 


$1,000. 

farms. 

$1,000. 

farms. 

$1,000. 




'',^s 




$1,000. 


Electncity 


^f'rs- 




$iSSq 




$1,000. 




$1,000. 
farms. 



Interest 

Cash rent. 

Property taxes ._ 

All other farm production expenses _ 



2 153 

2 386 

619 452 

688 035 



10 403 
1 812 

15 487 
1 666 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



4 382 
633 

1 211 

626 

15 364 



2 387 
8 923 



MAINE 191 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 Include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text) 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by days of worit off farm— Ck)n. 
Any -Con. 
150 to 199 days 1987. 

200 days or more 1987! 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 operators by years on present fann: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

1 987 operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years - 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Average age 

TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Partnersfiip farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 
1982. 
Corporation: 

Family held farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Other than family held farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Other -cooperative, estate or tmst, 

-— famis. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 
1982. 



1987 FARM PRODUCTION 



Total farm production ( 

$1,000. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 

farms. 

$1,000. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Commercial fertilizer .._ farms. 

$1,000. 
Agricultural chemicals farms- 

$1,000- 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Electricity _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 

Contract labor. farms. 

$1,000. 

$1,000l 

, and rental of 

: --- fanns. 

$1,000. 

Interest.. famis. 

$1,000. 
Cash rent farms. 

$1,000- 
Property taxes farms- 

$1,000. 
tartns. 

$1,000. 



192 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982- 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Con. 



Item 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 
















Operators by days of work oft farm -Con. 
Any -Con. 
150 to 199 days — - 

200 days or more _ 


1987.. 

1982.. 

'.^t 


9 


e 


8 
8 
26 

15 

10 


8 
9 
29 
25 

10 


7 
38 

5 


3 
11 
27 
31 

13 


Not reported - 


1982.. 


3 


3 


27 


18 


13 


13 


1987 operators by years on present farm: 




4 

9 

24 

18.8 


zil 


3 

17 
37 

20.1 


2 

J? 
112 
18.7 


3 
8 
15 
79 
22.0 


6 




4 




19 




107 




22.6 










37 


21 


22 


'^iSTif'^i^^'^'"^- 


6 

7 

10 


2 
6 
8 
9 
6 


6 
20 
43 
58 
43 
35 


i 

48 

54 

24 

49.4 


23 
28 
22 
48 
57.4 


^ 




17 




36 




35 


55 to 64 years 


32 






Averaaeaae"*'^ 


52.7 


TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 
















Corporation: 


.. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

.- farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


35 
40 

6 

2 

(D) 
(D) 


30 
32 

7^; 

2 

(D) 


174 

205 

55 553 

66 165 

22 

9 874 
6 909 

7 


179 

198 

45 636 

42 334 

15 

17 

5 810 

7 609 

5 

5 

^ 

2 

(D) 


100 

94 

24 899 

27 318 

10 

& 

9 
13 629 

6 250 


124 
125 
21 909 
23 607 
10 
13 

20 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


n 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


ICl 


Other -cooperative, estate or tnjst. 


farms 1987 




i 


2 


1 
IS 


2 

(D) 


2 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


ss 


1987 FARM PRODUCTION 
EXPENSES' 


















farms 


42 

3 294 
9 
72 
27 
965 
26 
847 


30 

2 130 

10 

152 

i 

770 


203 

14 639 

99 

1 210 

167 

5 345 

4i^ 


198 
25 424 

101 
4 626 

170 
12 906 

168 
12 630 


121 
8 646 

107 
18 

302 
12 
(D) 


158 


Uvestock and poultry purchased 


$1,000.. 

Vi'ooo:: 

.. farms.. 


40 

2 873 

85 




$1,000.. 


65 




$1,000.. 






farms 


29 
121 

36 
254 

31 
156 


12 
39 
14 
54 

30 


112 
151 
128 
537 
79 


108 
88 

112 

381 
92 

113 


87 
163 

79 
864 


72 




$1.000.. 


^a 




$1,000.. 
farms 


89 




$1,000.. 




nmrt 


(arms 


151 
42 
87 
36 

396 


28 
99 

<^ 
19 
300 


201 
504 
201 
485 
142 


195 
493 

644 

l)i? 


121 
310 
72 
(D) 
61 
3 746 


158 


Electricity 


$1.000.. 
farms 


121 


Hired farm labor 


$1,000.. 

$i,ooo" 


124 
2 475 






5 

195 

13 
32 


2 

5 
(D) 


(D) 
188 
989 

69 


29 

190 
181 
918 

34 
60 


40 

98 
460 

32 
177 


32 




$i.ooo:: 

farms 


140 


Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 


$1,000-. 


38 




$1.000.. 




interest 

Cash rent _ 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000-. 
farms 


28 
217 

f. 

42 
106 

42 
512 


15 
104 

11 
30 
91 
30 
183 


148 
664 
93 

SI 
2! 


610 
57 
73 
198 
401 
198 
2 129 


2li 
8 
193 
119 
205 
121 
979 


90 
1 084 

36 
133 
155 




$1,000- 


158 




$1,000.. 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 193 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(Data for 1 987 include abnormal farms. For meaning ( 



1987 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment farms. 1987. 

1982. 
11.000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

f^otortrucks, including pickups farms. 

Wtieel tractors farms. 

number. 

Grain and bean combines^ farms, 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 

Cattle and calves inventory 



Cows and fieifers that had calved . 



. farms. 1987. 
1982. 
1987 
1982. 



Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull ( 
Cattle and calves sold 



Calves 
Cattle . 



Fattened on gram and concentrates , 
Hogs and pigs inventory 



IHogs and pigs sold . 



Sheep and lambs inventory farms. 1987 



Sheep ! 



Hens and pullets of laying age inventory . 
Broilers and other meat-type chickens soli 



178 223 

179 701 
69 673 



7 470 
7 853 
2 396 
2 574 



12 297 
9 566 
80 376 
60 927 



194 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. 

(Data for ■ 



Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982- 

introductory text) 



Con. 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated marltet value of all macfiinery and 
equipment farms, 

$1,000, 

Average per farm... dollars, 

tvlotortrucks, including pickups farms, 

Wfieel tractors farms, 

number. 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 
Milk cows (arms. 

Heifers and heifer calves farnis. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves ... fanns! 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

Calves farms, 

number. 
Cattle farms. 

Fattened on grain and concentrates farms. 

Hogs and pigs inventory... fanns. 

Used or to be used for breeding farms, 

number. 
Other farms. 

Hogs and pigs sold famis. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

Hens and pullets of laying age inventory farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms. 



14 210 
59 496 
57 763 



3 626 
2 453 
43 687 
31 862 



2 527 

3 974 
54 943 
62 096 



2 261 
2 393 


6 068 


19 

27 

1 038 

1 094 


57 
70 

3 209 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 195 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


Piscataquis 


Sagadahoc 


Somerset 


Waldo 


Washington 


York 


MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT' 
























203 
231 


198 
192 


117 


158 
165 


equipmen 


1982.. 


50 


34 




$1,000, 1987.. 


2 565 


1 408 


10 939 


10 061 




11 583 




1982.. 


2 335 


1 485 


12 005 


9 654 


2 612 


9 964 


Average per (arm 


..dollars. 1987.. 


61 067 


46 918 


53 887 


50 812 


38 465 


73 307 




1982.. 


46 697 


43 678 


51 971 


50 281 


22 329 


60 391 




.. (arms. 1987.. 


42 


29 


185 


184 


112 


140 




1982.. 


48 


32 


200 


171 


98 


151 




number. 1987.. 




64 


384 




252 


338 




1982.. 


132 


70 


368 


420 


172 


389 


Wheel tractors 


.. farms. 1987.. 




29 


199 




120 


149 




1982.. 


49 


30 


207 


172 


84 


143 




number. 1987.. 


151 


96 


567 


665 


244 


548 




1982.. 


175 


109 


632 


489 


151 


463 




.. farms. 1987.. 




3 


13 


12 








1982_. 






10 






z 




number. 1987.. 


(D) 


3 


(D) 


14 


- 


- 




1982.. 


(D) 




10 


(D) 


- 




LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 
















Cattle and calves inventory 


farms 1987 


30 


12 


160 


129 




62 




-• * ■ iii2;: 




25 


191 


143 


19 


87 




number. 1987.. 


3 171 


1 218 


14 237 


10 514 


471 


3 435 




1982.. 


3 827 


1 867 


16 444 


9 526 


807 


6 595 


Cows and fieifers that had calved 


.. farms. 1987.. 


28 


12 


153 


117 


10 


56 




1982.. 


37 


23 


185 


130 


15 


82 




number. 1987.. 


1 906 


625 


7 414 


5 671 


305 


1 762 




1982.. 


1 867 


950 


9 092 


5 012 


465 


3 246 


Beef cows .-.. 


.. farms, 1987.. 


6 


2 


39 


18 


5 


23 




1982-. 


8 


8 


36 


32 


9 


21 




number. 1987.. 


79 


(D) 


355 


190 


75 


280 




1982.. 


149 
25 
34 


62 


441 


204 
106 
113 


54 
5 
10 


176 
35 
70 


^"^ 


' 196211 


18 


174 




number, 1987.. 


1 827 


(D) 


7 059 


5 481 


230 


1 482 




1982.- 


1 718 


888 


8 651 


4 808 




3 070 


Heifers and heifer calves 


.. farms. 1987.. 


27 


12 


151 


118 


8 


53 




number. 1987.. 


1 138 


583 


6 162 


4 358 


132 


1 402 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves 


.. famns. 1987.. 


16 




88 


61 




38 




number. 1987.. 


127 


10 


661 


485 


34 


271 


Cattle and calves sold 


.. famns. 1987.. 


32 


14 


161 


129 


9 


59 




1982.. 




24 


191 


133 


16 


83 




number. 1987.. 


1 305 


413 


6 466 


3 605 


264 


1 756 




1982.. 


1 530 


632 


7 284 


2 977 


306 


3 070 


Calves , 


.. farms. 1987.. 


27 


12 


129 


109 


8 


40 




number. 1987.. 


837 


245 


3 004 


2 191 


163 


662 


Cattle 


.. farms. 1987.. 


30 




150 




9 


57 




1982.. 


40 


23 


159 


122 


13 


79 




number. 1987.. 


468 


168 


3 462 




101 


1 094 




1982.. 


771 


290 


3 065 


1 273 


(D) 


1 368 


Fattened on grain and concentrates 


.. (arms. 1987.. 


3 


2 


18 


5 




7 




number. 1987.. 


(D) 


(D) 


350 


44 




70 


Hogs and pigs inventory 


.. (arms, 1987.. 


, 


6 


10 


7 


1 


12 




1982.. 


2 


3 




15 








number. 1987.. 


(D) 


110 


541 


338 


(D) 


2 782 




1982.. 


(D) 




55 


451 


(D) 


584 


Used or to be used (or breedina 


farms. 1987 




. 


, 


, 




6 





' 1982.. 
number. 1987.. 




27 


256 


7 
90 


: 


7 
108 




1982-. 




(0) 


(D) 


136 




219 


Other 


farms 1987 
... farms. ,987.. 


2 


5 
3 


9 


5 
15 


] 


11 






12 




number, 1987.. 


(0) 


83 




248 


(D) 


2 674 




1982.. 


(d! 


(D) 


(D) 


315 


(D) 


365 


Hogs and pigs sold 


... farms, 1987.. 




5 


7 


5 


_ 


9 




1982.. 




2 






_ 


7 




number. 1987.. 




247 


1 451 


(D) 




2 914 




1982.. 




(D) 


10 


370 




1 909 


Feeder pigs 


... farms. 1987.. 






2 


3 








1982.. 




1 




3 








number. 1987.. 




(D) 


(D) 


(0) 




(D) 




1982.. 




(D) 




94 




(D) 


Sheep and lambs inventory 


... farms. 1987.. 


• 2 


3 


10 


g 




8 




1982.. 


3 




8 


12 




5 




number, 1987.. 


(D) 


(D) 


131 


319 


(D) 


303 




1982.. 


(D) 


(D) 


670 


415 


(D) 


374 


Sheep and lambs sold 


.— farms, 1987.. 


2 


2 


10 


8 




6 




1982.. 


3 


3 


8 






5 




number, 1987.. 


(D) 


(D) 


96 


277 


(D) 


426 




1982.. 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


293 




379 


Hens and pullets of laying age inventory .... 


... farms, 1987.. 


3 


6 


18 


19 




12 




1982.. 


6 


8 


22 


22 




22 




number. 1987.. 


40 


(D) 


162 281 


182 991 


(D) 


(D) 




1982.. 


104 


(D) 


(D) 


263 953 


(D) 


(0) 




... farms. 1987.. 
1982.. 






4 


38 
66 








number. 1987.. 






(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(0) 




1982.. 




(D) 


776 300 


15 306 294 




(D) 



See footnotes at end of t 

196 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. 

1 fof 1987 li 



Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 

. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



•Con. 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Com lor silage or green chop . 



grass silage, green chop, 



I grain. \ 
(seete 



31 499 
433 113 
475 422 



33 965 

39 275 

2 625 926 

2 436 105 



82 748 

97 874 

22 306 015 

24 362 614 







8 626 


23 016 


401 


, 


502 


4 


32 153 


(D) 


36 685 




2 500 507 




2 276 413 


(D) 


618 


9 


800 








89 891 


776 


20 448 698 


72 240 


22 357 971 


151 671 



145 806 
158 351 
291 377 
302 878 



6 192 
6 445 
12 612 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Com for sjlage or green chop. 



grass silage, green chop. 



"?ri. 



t lor sale (see text) . 



1 740 
21 065 
25 267 



22 814 

23 379 
51 643 



3 300 
6 239 
5 291 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 197 



Table 16 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1 987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text ] 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green chop_ 



Oats for grain farms. 



for sale (see text) farms. 



4 057 

5 419 
64 952 
88 131 



2 561 
2 630 
38 092 
37 126 



4 367 

7 701 

8 754 



20 487 
20 707 
36 337 
38 318 



198 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 17. Milk Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





ea 




Sales 


Geographic a 


Milk goats 


Goat milk 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Gallons 


($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Maine ____ 


.1987.. 
1982.. 


101 
225 


610 
1 276 


31 
101 


234 
767 


18 


19 261 
26 247 


39 
(NA) 


80 
95 



Table 18. 

[Not published f< 



Angora Goats— inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



Table 19. Mink and Their Pelts— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[Not published for this State) 



Table 20. Colonies of Bees and Honey— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Colonies 


of bees 


Honey 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 

COUNTIES, 1987 


229 
274 

12 

31 
8 

10 
23 
9 
6 
13 
23 
6 
16 

16 
13 
18 


6 182 

liSi 

136 

?] 
1 443 
(D) 
13 
1 106 
232 
66 
40 
60 
160 

'4°^ 


16 
15 

2 
2 


481 
1 078 

(D) 

IS 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 


86 
59 

5 
12 

2 
2 


305 472 
323 156 

ili 

(D) 

(D) 

38 015 

27 1 
9 334 

3'?i 
2 975 

(D) 
1 4'o°) 


92 
(NA) 

5 

9 
3 
2 
13 
3 

8 
13 
6 
5 
6 
2 
2 
5 


207 
255 

(D) 




(D) 


Cumberland 


(D) 




(D) 


Kennebec 


(D) 






Oxford - 

Penobscot _ 

Piscataquis _ 

|agadahoc 


9 
(D) 


Waldo 

Washington 

York 


ici 



Table 21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory ti 



Geographic area 


Farms 


Pounds 
(1,000) 


Farms 


Number 
(1.000) 


Farms 


Sales 
($1,000) 


TROUT 
State Total 

Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


6 


(?? 


2 


(D) 
(D) 


7 
3 


103 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 199 



Table 22. Miscellaneous Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 




Sales 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


DUCKS 














State Total 
















1987.. 


166 
212 




1 480 

2 259 


25 
26 


485 




1982.. 


978 


GEESE 














State Total 
















1987 


103 
153 




682 


25 


346 




1982.. 


601 


POULTRY HATCHED (SEE TEXT) 














State Total 


















37 
63 




3 563 627 
2 921 662 


103 




"" """" 1982_. 


26 499 985 



Table 23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties - 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Inventory and 









Sales 


Geographic area 










Sales 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


($1,000) 


MULES, BURROS, AND DONKEYS 














State Total 














Maine 


1987.. 


56 


98 


3 


8 


(D) 




1982.. 


31 


54 




(D) 


(D) 


GOATS, TOTAL 














State Total 




















1 255 


64 


523 


(NA) 




1982.. 


266 


1 716 


113 




(NA) 


Counties, 1987 














Androscoggin 






24 

27 
350 


2 

7 


(D) 
57 


(NA) 






(NA) 








51 
107 
28 
59 
61 
29 
72 
30 
61 


3 
5 

2 
2 


(D) 

50 
(D) 

42 
(D) 
36 
26 




Hancock 


(NA) 


Kennebec 

Knox 


(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


P 








Somersel 




(NA) 








105 


9 


78 


(NA) 






23 


25 
167 


9 


106 




Yor^'^° 


(NA) 


GOATS, EXCEPT ANGORA AND MILK 






State Total 


















110 
51 


594 
405 


35 
15 


250 
110 


g 




1982.. 




RABBITS AND THEIR PELTS 














State Total 














Maine . 


1987.. 


154 


6 589 


68 


16 645 


62 




1982.. 


103 


5 837 


46 


19 964 





200 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 24. Grains— Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



1987 and 1982 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Han/ested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Imgated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farnis 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


CORN FOR GRAIN OR SEED 
(BUSHELS) 






















State Total 






















Maine 


80 


5 342 


485 087 


, 


(D) 


126 


8 020 


647 910 




(D) 


Counties 






















^;S;S*":::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Cumberland 


\ 


(D) 

62 
125 
369 
13 
472 
1 044 
405 
658 
401 
(D) 


IS 

5 334 

38 2*?^ 
452 

90 9'8^i 
35 025 
73 435 
33 063 
9 695 




75 


12 

10 
7 
7 

21 
6 

13 

18 
6 
5 


2 257 
204 
43 
242 
757 
10 
750 
1 464 
1 579 
516 

(NA) 


173 098 

9 145 

2 920 

23 988 

52 240 

650 

75 636 

123 986 

122 357 

46 149 

16 750 

(NA) 


(NA) 


(0) 


Franklin 












Oxford 

somerle?.::::;::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Waldo - 

York 


(NA) 


WHEAT FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 






















State Total 






















Maine 


33 


533 


25 012 


- 


- 


37 


805 


35 394 




- 


Counties 






















Aroostook 


21 
3 


454 
(0) 
(D) 


21 742 

909 

2 361 


: 


I 


26 


743 
(NA) 
(NA) 


33 620 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




All other counties 


(NA) 


BARLEY FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 






















State Total 






















Maine 


40 


756 


40 177 




- 


34 


703 


35 769 


1 


(D) 


Counties 






















Aroostook 


22 
10 

5 


491 
226 
(D) 
D) 


27 460 
11 254 




: 


22 
(NA) 


365 
80 

(NA) 


18 719 
3 070 
2 030 
(NA) 


(NA) 


- 


Penobscot 

All other counties 


(NA) 


BUCKWHEAT (BUSHELS) 






















State Total 












































OATS FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 






















State Total 
























535 


35 548 


2 728 024 


3 


150 


679 


40 971 


2 514 472 






Counties 






461 

25 
10 


18 
33 490 
27 
21 
26 

1 279 
332 
237 

8 


960 

975 
534 

(D) 
89 964 
21 332 
16 480 

1 435 

2 606 

(D) 


2 


(D) 
(D) 


583 

(NA) 
31 

(NA) 


40 

38 163 

61 

190 

(NA) 

1 756 

216 

213 

67 

5 

(NA) 


2 250 

2 345 791 

2 610 

803 

7 448 

(NA) 

117 587 

13 242 

12 250 

2 088 

128 

(NA) 


(Na") 
(NA) 




Aroostoolr.-:::::::::;:::::::::::::::: 

Cumberland 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Lincoln 


(NA) 


Penobscot 












All othercounties 


(NA) 


RYE FOR GRAIN (BUSHELS) 






















State Total 






















Maine 


21 


392 


14 979 


2 


(D) 


38 


939 


24 924 


- 




Counties 




Aroostook 


9 
8 


251 
46 
95 


10 490 

1 520 

2 969 


2 


(D) 


8 
(NA) 


373 
130 
(NA) 


8 884 
3 445 
(NA) 


m) 









1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 201 



Table 25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and 
Peanuts: 1987 and 1982 



{For meaning of 



I symbols, see introductory t 



Farms Acres Quantity 



Farms Acres Quantity 



Farms Acres 



DRY EDIBLE BEANS, 
EXCLUDING DRY LIMAS 
(CWT) 



Counties 

Androscoggin 

Kennebec 

Oxford 

Penobscot 

Piscataquis 

Somerset 

Washington 

IRISH POTATOES (CWT) 
State Total 



Counties 

Androscoggin 

Aroostook 

Cumberland 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Oxford'IIIIIIIIII 

Penobscot 

Piscataquis 

Sagadahoc 

Waldo 

Washington 

All other counties 



(D) 
12 580 
2 566 
2 246 



54 345 

20 537 231 

73 140 



99 251 


24 556 322 


(D) 


(D) 


91 123 


22 533 963 






(D) 


(D) 






63 






736 




526 093 


3 606 


923 348 


425 


86 090 


(D) 


(D) 










(D) 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symt>ots. see introductory tejrt] 



HAY- ALFALFA, OTHER 
TAME, SMALL GRAIN, 
WILD, GRASS SILAGE, 
GREEN CHOP, ETC. (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 

State Total 



Counties 

Androsooggii 
Aroostook,. 
Cumberland 

Franklin 

Hancock ... 

Knox I 

Oxford 

Penobscot _ 
Piscataquis. 
Sagadahoc. 
Somerset .. 

Waldo 

Washington 



21 676 


393 393 


15 434 


31 682 


17 561 


28 902 


17 486 


29 133 


9 429 


17 086 


2 520 










9 462 


6 932 


10 981 




18 854 


27 582 


48 872 


6 510 


10 736 


4 432 


7 719 


28 131 


47 651 


19 724 


38 243 



241 490 


414 555 




30 741 






17 850 




10 492 


18 070 


3 159 


4 308 






5 776 


9 702 


7 166 


9 959 


13 197 


22 140 


31 554 


55 126 


6 888 


11 802 


6 070 


8 500 


27 962 


47 590 


19 195 


31 355 



202 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



Farms Acres Quantity 



Awes Quantity 



ALFALFA HAY (TONS, DRY) 



Androscoggir 
Aroostooi<--. 
Cumberland . 

Frani<tin 

Hancock 

Kennebec... 

Knox 

Lincoln 

Oxlord 

Penobscot _. 

Piscataquis.. 
Sagadahoc. 
Somerset ... 

Waldo 

Washington . 



State ToUl 



Counties 

Androscoggin. 
Aroostook 

Cumberland .. 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

oxiora .y.iiy. 

Penobscot ... 
Sagadahoc... 

Somerset 

Waldo 

Washington .. 

York 

All other count 



TAME HAY OTHER THAN 
ALFALFA, SMALL GRAIN, 
AND WILD HAY (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 



Aroostook __ 
Cumberland 

Franklin 

Hancock... 
Kennebec.. 

Lincoln 

Oxford 

Penobscot . 

Piscataquis. 
Sagadahoc . 
Somerset .. 

Waldo 

Washington 
York. 



2 872 


20 980 






7 176 


12 873 


1 473 


2 660 


7 348 


33 447 




6 650 


4 043 


6 921 


6 707 


11 064 


5 706 


26 541 






2 702 


5 158 


7 608 


29 908 


2 535 


24 889 



10 136 


19 185 


13 278 


19 091 


11 774 


20 907 






2 435 


3 504 


21 318 


38 925 


3 099 


5664 


4966 


7 243 






20 439 


36 932 


4 595 


6 831 


3 355 


5 287 


18 942 


32 791 


12 546 


22 509 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 203 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory t 



WILD HAY (TONS. DRY) 



Androscoggin. 

Aroostool< 

Cumberland -. 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Oxford 

Penobs 

Piscatai 
Sagadahoc . 
Somerset .. 

Waldo 

Washington 



GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, 
AND GREEN CHOP HAY 
(TONS, GREEN) 



Androscoggin. 
Aroostook... 
Cumberland .. 

Franklin 

Kennebec... 

Knox 

Oxford - 

Penobscot .. 
Piscataquis.. 
Sagadahoc.. 

Somerset ... 

Wald 

Was! 

York 

All other counties 



CORN FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS, 
GREEN) 



Knox 

Uncoln ... 
Oxford.... 
Penobscot 

Pisca 
Sagai 

SOITK 

Wakt 
WasT 
York. 



11 555 
5 846 
47 9 



22 335 


(D) 


70 339 


2 265 




22 380 


82 746 




4 950 


56 067 


38 459 



Farms Acres Quantity 



21 027 
9 699 
1 858 







1 455 


25 651 


17 


231 




69 665 






429 


6 997 


1 791 




5 984 


80 448 


1 070 


15 346 


(D) 


8 420 








38 409 


, <?' 


20 



204 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Hanrested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quanfty 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


SORGHUM FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS. 
GREEN) 

State Total 


19 

4 
6 
3 
6 


493 

(D) 
123 
16 
(D) 


6 407 

1 4-9°^ 

(D) 

1 410 






,NA, 

(NA) 
(NA) 


546 

(NA) 
217 
(NA) 
(NA) 


2 311 

(NA) 
575 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 






Counties 




Penobscot __ ___ — - 

Waldo - — 


iSS! 







Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 





,.., 


1982 


Geographic area 


..™.- 


irngated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 






Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Fams 


Acres 


FamiS 


Acres 


LAND USED FOR 


















VEGETABLES (SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 




















509 


9 700 


73 


776 


535 


11 266 


62 


688 


Counties 








328 


10 


93 


38 


196 


9 


65 


AroostoolT— ..: — 


71 


6 119 




(D) 








(D) 


Cumberland 


67 


690 




289 


49 








Franklin 


10 
23 
50 


140 
45 
406 




66 

7 


12 
26 
40 


65 
304 


5 






9 


Kennebec- . 


3 




16 
25 


130 
115 




is 


28 


169 
160 


3 




Lincoln 






<S' 


Penobscot 


58 






(D) 












13 


8 
210 




(D) 


6 
16 


21 
182 


2 




Sagadahoc- 


iS! 




20 
33 


190 
102 




5 


29 


108 






Waldo 






19 
57 


49 
662 


'' 


1?] 


21 
53 


583 










VEGETABLES HARVESTED 




(SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 




















509 


9 727 


73 


776 


535 


11 278 


62 


700 


Counties 




Androscoggin 


30 


335 


10 


93 


38 


196 


9 


65 


Arocstook 




6 120 




(D) 
















15 




49 




14 


339 


















'RJ 


Hancock 


23 


46 


















409 




4 






3 












(D) 




'2? 














(D) 










Oxford 








(D) 








!S! 


Penobscot 


58 


361 




(D) 




238 






Piscataquis 


4 
13 


7 
209 




(D) 


6 
16 


21 
182 


2 


,d] 




20 


190 












(D) 


Waldo 


33 


105 




6 










19 

57 


49 
674 


1^ 


1?;! 


53 


581 




I?i 


ASPARAGUS 


















State Total 






















47 




, 


24 


12 


5 


1 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 205 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory lext] 



SNAP BEANS 



Counties 

Androscoggin 

Aroostook 

Cumberland 

Franl<lin._ 

Kennebec 

Oxiord 

Penobscot 

Sagadahoc 

Somerset ._ 

Waldo 

Washington 

All other counties , 



BEETS 
State Total 



Counties 

Aroostook-. 
Cumberland 
Kennebec. 
Penobscot . 
Sagadahoc. 
Washington 
York 



BROCCOLI 
State Total 



Androscoggin. 

Aroostook 

Cumberland .. 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Knox 

Penobscot ... 
Washington .. 
York 



HEAD CABBAGE 
State Total 



Counties 

Androscoggin 

Aroostook 

Cumberland 

Kennebec- 

Penobscot 

Sagadahoc 

Waldo... 

Washington 

York 

All other counties 

206 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Famis 


Acres 


Famis 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


CANTALOUPS 


















State Total 


















. 


21 


^ 


^ 


■* 


15 


8 


6 


, 


Counties 






5 
16 


6 


^ 


3 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


AM other counties 


(NA) 


CARROTS 


















State Total 




















74 


63 


13 


9 


76 


68 


9 




Counties 






11 
3 
6 
5 
6 

8 

6 
8 


22 

(Z) 

16 




(D) 
3 

(D) 
5 


6 
9 

(NA) 
(NA) 

5 

5 

7 

(NA) 


3 

3 

2 

(NA) 

(NA) 

2 

3 

2 

(NA) 


2 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 


(D) 


Cumberland 


iS! 






Penobscot — 

Somerset 

Waldo— 

Washington 

York.__ -_- 

All other counties 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(D) 
(NA) 


CAULIFLOWER 


















State Total 






















36 


6 


10 


38 


36 


7 


15 


Counties 






















(D) 

(DJ 
21 


^ 


(D) 


(NA) 

(naJ 

6 
(NA) 


(NA) 

18 

(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 






All othercounti'eV "II.IIIIIIII 


(NA) 

(D) 
(NA) 


CUCUMBERS AND PICKLES 


















State Total 


















Maine 


132 


95 


25 


22 


141 


97 


26 


23 


Counties 




Aroostook 

Cumberland 

Kennebec — 

Knox 

Lincoln 


10 

20 
13 
5 
3 
7 
21 
5 

3 
5 
21 
5 


10 

19 
8 
(D) 

3 
14 

7 
(D) 

13 

2 




6 
(D) 

iS 

(D) 

5 
(D) 


15 
9 
15 

(NA) 
3 

11 

18 
6 

10 
3 
7 

18 
(NA) 


19 

(NA) 
3 

7 
(D) 
9 

16 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


6 
(D) 


Oxford 


(D) 


Sagadahoc 

Somerset _ 

Waldo 

Washington 


(D) 
(D) 

(D) 




(NA) 


LETTUCE AND ROMAINE 




State Total 


















Maine 


34 


32 


" 


16 


45 


49 


14 


28 


Counties 


















Cumberland — _ 


5 
3 


18 




8 
(D) 

(0) 
(D) 


7 
7 

(NA) 
3 
3 

(NA) 


24 

2 

(NA) 

(D) 

(NA) 


6 
(NA) 

(NA) 


22 

(D) 
(NA) 




(D) 








(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 207 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



|For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductory tex 


11 
















1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


DRY ONIONS 


















State Total 


















Maine 


25 


15 


3 


(Z) 


23 


5 


1 


(D) 


Counties 


















Cumberland 

Washington 


5 
3 
5 


,'o^ 


2 


(D) 
(D) 


iS 


(NA) 


(NA) 


iK5! 


GREEN PEAS, EXCLUDING 
GREEN COWPEAS 


















State Total 


























41 










Counties 


















Androscoggin 

Aroostook. 

Cumberland 

Franklin.... 


40 
16 


3 456 
29 
8 
(D) 
24 
«°) 
3 
13 


3 
2 


5 

IB! 


12 
78 
13 

12 

(NA) 

(NA) 

5 

15 


8 
7 640 
82 
(D) 
2 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1 

10 


2 

3 

m) 

(NA) 


i 
(□) 


Kennebec 




Knox 


(NA) 


Oxlord 

Penobscot 




Somerset 

Waldo 

Washington 


10 


(0) 
2 


] 


(D) 


5 

7 


2 


3 


'i 






SWEET PEPPERS 


















State Total 


















Maine 


36 


23 


12 


g 


25 


19 


9 


12 


Counties 


















SSrS":::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Franklin 


7 


3 
8 
2 
6 
5 


2 


(D) 


5 

,na1 

(NA) 


12 
(NA, 

(NA) 


3 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(D) 


All other counties 


(NA) 


PUMPKINS 


















State Total 
























16 












Counties 


















Aroostook 

Cumberland 

Hancock 


13 
20 
3 
9 
18 

9 
16 
3 


19 
61 

23 
6 
9 

15 




12 
(D) 


8 

7 
12 
3 


5 
24 

6 
9 
(D) 


1 


(D) 

i 


Oxford 

Penobscot 

Sagadahoc 


(D) 


Somerset 

Waldo 


5 
9 
B 
18 


8 

38 
(D) 




(D) 
(D) 


3 
(NA) 

(NA) 


i 

(NA) 


2 

(NA) 


(NA) 


All other counties 


(NA) 


SPINACH 


















State Total 


















Maine 


21 


79 


3 


(D) 


19 


10 


4 


1 



208 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



(D) 

(D) 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 209 



Table 27. Vegetables, 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, i 



Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982- 

ee introductory text] 



Con. 





.a. 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Imgated 


Harvested 


Imgated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


.„. 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


MIXED VEGETABLES 






















State Total 
























52 


149 


8 




30 


74 


146 


6 




11 


Counties 




Cumberland - — 


8 

3 

7 


12 
22 
9 
24 
10 
16 
55 


2 




(D) 
(D) 


,NA) 

8 
5 

8 


(NA) 
18 

24 


(NA) 




(D) 






Penobscot 

York .._ 


(0) 


OTHER VEGETABLES 






















State Total 






















Maine 


20 


141 


3 




(D) 


8 


54 


1 




(D) 







Table 28. 

[For meaning ol 



Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 

) symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 


Total 


Trees or vines n 


Dt of bearing age 


Trees or vines of bearing age 




Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


LAND IN 
ORCHARDS 




















State Total 




















Maine 1987. _ 

1982. _ 


394 


7 405 
7 772 


i^! 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 


!3 


'^ 


l^i 


(X) 
(X) 


Counties, 1987 






















36 
15 
27 
24 
24 
29 
16 

42 

40 


1 848 
40 
412 
516 
145 
660 
180 
72 

1 161 
334 


(X) 

(X) 

(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


(X) 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
X 
(X 
(X 
(X 
X 
(X 
X 
(X 
(X 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

1^! 

{X) 

!?. 

(X) 
(X) 


(X) 


(X) 




(X 


Cumberland 




Hancock 

Kennebec 


(X 


Knox 


g 


Oxiord 


00 




10 

12 

24 
15 
52 


21 
80 
152 
257 

1 457 


(X) 
(X) 

(X) 


(X) 
(X) 

(X) 


(X) 
(X) 

iii 

(X) 


(X 


Tx! 

(X) 


1 


(X) 


Sagadahoc 


(X) 




(X) 






YD* '..:..:::::::::::::: 


(X) 


APPLES 




















State Total 




















Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


400 


7 293 
7 633 


648 653 
590 770 


277 
295 


134 649 
133 027 


333 
336 


514 004 
457 743 


267 
241 


70 609 358 
90 293 322 


Counties, 1987 






















36 
15 
27 
24 
23 
27 
16 
13 
40 
40 
10 

12 
24 
15 
50 


1 842 
(D) 
410 
516 
142 
651 
177 
68 

1 133 
327 

(D) 
73 
151 
250 
69 
1 427 


195 799 

2 303 
43 985 
28 362 

8 204 
74 537 
15 736 

4 746 

86 283 

30 998 

733 

6 878 
13 668 
22 667 

108 085 


20 

19 
16 

10 
24 
32 

6 
12 
12 
18 
13 
36 


17 463 

981 

12 910 

4 849 
3 605 

5 591 
8 254 

1 576 
16 465 
14 035 

542 
3 758 

2 936 
7 590 
1 844 

32 250 


33 
13 
22 
23 
20 
26 

12 
33 
29 

10 

21 
10 
48 


178 336 
1 322 
31 075 
23 513 
4 599 

68 946 
7 482 
3 170 

69 818 
16 963 

191 
3 120 
10 732 
15 077 
3 825 
75 836 


30 
9 
16 
20 
16 
22 
10 

27 
26 
3 

5 
17 

9 
39 


19 528 746 


Aroostook...:::::::::::: 


22 792 


Cumbeiland 


3 293 589 


Franldin 


3 961 108 


Hancocli 


943 770 


Kennebec 

Knox 

Uncoln 

Oxford 


9 068 684 
1 593 275 
618 197 
14 021 505 
1 690 735 


Piscataquis 

Sagadahoc 

Somerset 

Waldo 

Washington 

York ... 


(D) 

94 120 

(D) 

1 999 113 

615 240 

12 009 359 



210 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 




Total 


Trees or vines not o( bearing age 


Trees or vines 


of bearing age 


Harvested 


Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Pounds 


APRICOTS 




















State Total 




















Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


3 
5 


2 


21 
164 


2 

3 


iS 


2 
3 


(D) 
(D) 


1 


(D) 
(D) 


CHERRIES, 
TOTAL (SEE 
TEXT) 




















State Total 




















Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


36 
55 


15 
18 


571 
909 


23 


165 
286 


22 


406 
623 


12 
12 


2 741 
1 658 


Counties, 1987 
























(D) 
(D) 


16 
17 
(0) 
55 
26 
(D) 




IS 

(D) 
72 

9 




(D) 
(D) 

23 
127 


2 

3 
2 


(D) 

(D) 

El 
(D) 


Kennebec 

Knox 

Oxford 

Penobscot 

York _- 


GRAPES (SEE 










State Total 




















Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


36 
60 


17 
38 


6 662 
17 607 


31 
45 


867 
2 568 


27 
54 


5 795 
15 039 


8 
22 


(0) 
5 723 


PEACHES 




















State Total 




















Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


28 

52 


31 
25 


2 348 
1 579 


21 


370 
394 


18 
34 


1 978 
1 185 


6 
10 


iS 


Counties, 1987 




















Kennebec 

Oxford 


5 

3 

10 
6 


2 

(D) 

22 

(D) 


(D) 
(D) 
56 

211 


3 
10 


(D) 

2?) 
43 


2 


10 
168 


2 

2 

1 


IS! 

isi 


?^r^°?.:::::::::::::: 

All other counties... 


PEARS 




















State Total 




















Maine 1987.. 

1982.. 


34 
57 


26 
32 


1 732 
1 216 


24 

43 


1 230 
673 


23 
35 


502 
543 


20 


17 273 
67 932 


Counties, 1987 




















Androscoggin 

Kennebec 


5 
3 
6 
5 

ll 




146 
20 

?i 
119 
(D) 




1 




1 


3 

3 
2 


1 228 

is 


afaC^°?.:::::::::::::: 


PLUMS AND 
PRUNES (SEE 

iJkli'H'^''^^" 


















State Total 




















Maine _._1987.. 

1982.- 


27 
46 


]] 


v:2 


13 
30 


176 
273 


24 


541 
469 


19 
21 


26 156 
5 122 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 211 



Table 29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Farms Acres Quantity 



BERRIES 
State Total 



Androscoggin. 

Aroostook 

Cumberland .. 

Franklin 

Hanci 

Knox 

Lincoln ... 

Oxtord 

Penobscot 
Piscataquis . 
Sagadahoc 
Somerset .. 
Waldo 



Counties 

Cumberland 

Franklin 

Hancock. __ 
Kennebec.. 

Lincoln 

Oxford 

Waldo 

Washington 

York 

All other cou 



Knox 

Oxford."! 
Penobscot 

Waldo 

Washington 

York 

All other CO 



RASPBERRIES (POUNDS) 
State Total 



Counties 

Androscoggin. 

Aroostook 

Cumberland .. 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Oxford -IIIIII 
Penobscot ... 
Sagadahoc... 

Somerset 

Waldo 



(D) 


5 754 


n 


6 177 




22 


17 854 


(L)| 


(D) 


(U) 




(D) 


5 364 


(D) 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 


(U) 




(D) 


21 025 



<NA) 

(NA) 

279 414 

(D) 



80 192 

986 705 

(D) 



6 072 424 
32 560 
947 139 
331 491 
106 800 
157 269 
847 747 
20 043 424 
JO) 



212 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- 



(NA) 

-COUNTY DATA 



Table 29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



J symbols, see introductory 1 



STRAWBERRIES (POUNDS) 

State Total 

Maine 

Counties 

Androscoggin 

Aroostook 

Cumberland — 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Knox 

Oxford. IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'" 

Penobscot 

Somerset 

Waldo 

Washington 

York _ 



177 209 
92 623 

217 215 
29 148 
80 437 

352 365 
15 703 

227 690 



(D) 
16 286 
1 18 825 



36 850 
254 509 

(D) 

37 682 
130 737 

4 117 

(D) 

238 970 

199 900 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Sq. ft under 

glass or otfiar 

protection 



NURSERY AND 
GREENHOUSE CROPS 
(SEE TEXT) 



Knox 

Uncoln 

Oxford 

Penobscot 

Sagadalioc 

Somerset 

Waldo 

Yorts 

All other counties 



NURSERY, FLORICULTURE, 
VEGETABLE AND FLOWER 
SEED CROPS, SOD, ETC., 
GROWN IN THE OPEN, 
IRRIGATED (SEE TEXT) 

State Total 



Androscoggin 

Cumt>er1and 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Oxford 

Penobscot 

York 

All other counties 



96 039 


53 


81 390 


2 






24 483 




149 235 


10 


164 364 


47 


(D) 


(D) 


39 900 


15 


45 305 


(D) 


82 229 


15 


53 509 


6 


52 482 


6 


82 349 


29 




115 


(D) 


25 



53 472 

27 077 

(D) 

44 037 

33 248 

65 334 

(D) 

254 546 



"IS! 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



(NA) 

MAINE 213 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tejrt] 



Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 



BEDDING PLANTS 



Androscoggin. 

Aroostook 

Cumberland .. 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 

Oxford -I-IIII 
Penobscot ... 

Sagadahoc... 

Somerset 

Waldo 

Washington .. 
York 



60 421 


(D) 


56 310 




157 752 


5 


(D) 


(D) 






90 344 


4 


53 240 


(D) 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


75 774 




32 705 




41 842 


(D) 


72 479 




20 246 


P 


172 485 


(D) 



37 466 
33 830 
111 415 



Counties 



Androscoggin 

Cumberland 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec- 

Lincoln ,_ 

Penobscot 

Sagadahoc 

York 

All other counties 



FOLIAGE AND POTTED 
FLOWERING PLANTS, 
TOTAL 



(D) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



Counties 



Androscoggin. 
Cumbe ' ' 
Frankli 
Hanco( 
Kennel 

Penobscot 

Sagadahoc 

Waldo 

York 

All other counties 



13 184 


(D) 






(D) 








(D) 


(D) 


47 173 








2 988 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




90 216 




23 810 





12 850 

174 300 

(D) 

25 246 



(NA) 



FOLIAGE PLANTS 
State Total 



Cumberland 

Knox 

Sagadahoc 
York 



5 625 
7 350 
22 298 



214 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- 



(NA) 

-COUNTY DATA 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


POTTED FLOWERING 
PLANTS 


















State Total 


















Maine 


83 


324 213 


20 


2 441 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Counties 


















gM":::::::::::::::::::::::::: 




84 2| 

(D) 
82 866 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

i 

(D) 


(D) 
1 008 

is 

151 


(NA) 

(NA) 

NA 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


Kennebec 

Knox 

Lincoln _ 

Penobscot _ 

^22"!!;::;:::::::::::::::::::::::: 


s 

(NA) 
(NA) 






NURSERY CROPS 












State Total 


















Maine 


84 


80 507 


500 


3 044 


55 


65 655 


351 


1 745 


Counties 


















^[irs?:::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec 


19 
5 


2 7?i 

(D) 

33'?^ 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

11 5?(J 


45 

s 

i 

(D) 
(D) 

22 


1 

42 

514 
37 


(NA) 

^ 

3 
3 

6 

(NA) 


(NA) 
28 000 

6 000 

iSi 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 

H 

4 

(NA) 


(NA) 
210 
(NA) 

1 


Knox - — _.. 


Oxford 


(D) 


Somerset 

Waldo 

York 

All other counties 


24 

<^9l 


VEGETABLE AND FLOWER 
SEEDS 














State Total 


















Maine 


23 


79 263 


(D) 


301 


27 


43 790 


40 


166 


GREENHOUSE 
VEGETABLES 


















State Total 


















Maine 


15 


52 038 


(X) 


131 


12 


24 400 


(X) 


38 







Table 31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 

(Not published for this State) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 215 



Table 32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 
1987 and 1982 



(Fof classification of social and etfinic groups, s 


ee text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 


















Harvested cropland 


Market value 


Farms by v 


lue of sales 






Geographic area 






of 

agricultural 

products 

sold 

($1,000) 


Occupation farming 


Occupation other than 


farming 




f^arms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Less than 
$2,500 


$2,500 to 
$9,999 


$10,000 or 


Less than 
$2,500 


$2,500 to 
$9,999 


$10,000 or 


STATE TOTAL 
























Maine ....1987.. 

1982.. 


20 


4 343 
1 894 


15 


1 901 
401 


1 617 
739 


5 


I 


9 
3 


2 

5 


2 




COUNTIES, 1987 
























Aroostook 

Kennebec 


3 
9 


429 

525 

333 

3 056 


3 


(D) 
(D) 


82 

191 

49 

1 294 


2 


3 


3 
2 

3 


1 


I 


: 











Table 33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 

1 of social and ethnic groups, see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


Geographic area 


Number 


Land in 


Harvested 
cropland 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


Han/ested 
cropland 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


cropland 


STATE TOTAL 

Maine 1987,. 

1982.. 

COUNTIES, 1987 


15 

3 
9 


(D) 
1 894 

525 

(D) 

1 005 


(D) 
401 

304 


2 

1 


(D) 


(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


3 
3 


2 200 
2 200 


1 200 


York 













Table 34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







Alll 


arms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or 




Geographic area 








more 


















Farms 


Land in 


Farms 




Undin 
farms 


BLACK 














State Total 














Maine 


1987.. 

1982.. 


2 


n 


] 




!C! 


AMERICAN INDIAN 














State Total 














Maine 


1987.. 

1982.. 


6 


3 279 
974 


5 
2 




^?o^ 


Counties, 1987 






fSi 








All other counties 










OTHER RACES (SEE TEXT) 














State Total 














Maine 


1987.. 


7 
1 


IS 


3 




(D) 


Counties, 1987 


















3 


(D) 
610 


2 




IS 





'Data for 1982 exclude abnormal farms. 

216 MAINE 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 

[For classification of Spanish origin, see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 









All (arms 




Farms with sales of SI 0.000 or 






Geographic area 














Farms 


Land In 
farms 


Farms 


Land In 
farms 


STATE TOTAL 


















Maine _.__ 




1987.. 

1982.. 


10 




3 104 


9 
3 




3 862 
990 


COUNTIES, 1987 


















Aroostook 





_.-. _. 


7 
9 




n 


6 
3 




IS 





Table 36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Land In farms 


Farms by land In farms 


Source of permits 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Acres 


Less than 
100 acres 


100 to 


260 to 
499 acres 


500 to 
999 acres 


1.000 to 
1.999 acres 


2.000 acres 


Forest 
service 


Taylor 
grazing 


Indian 
land 


Other 


Maine 


,3 

3 
3 

7 


2 706 

590 
722 


3 

3 


5 

2 
2 


5 

3 


: 


: 


: 


2 
2 


2 
2 




9 


Kennebec 

Waldo 


5 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MAINE 217 



APPENDIX A. 
General Explanation 



Page 

DATA COLLECTION A-1 

DATA PROCESSING A-2 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES A-2 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, AND 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS A-2 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS A-3 

FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED CHARACTERISTICS A-9 



DATA COLLECTION 

Method of Enumeration 

All agriculture censuses beginning with the 1969 census 
primarily have used mailout/mailback data collection. Direct 
enumeration methods, however, continue to be used for 
the agriculture census in Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. 
Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands. 

Mail List 

The mail list for the 1987 census was comprised of 
individuals, businesses, and organizations that could be 
readily identified as being associated with agriculture. The 
list was assembled from the records of the 1 982 census, 
administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service 
(IRS), and the statistical records of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture (USDA). In addition, lists of large or specialized 
operations, such as nurseries and greenhouses, specialty 
crop farms, poultry farms, fish farms, livestock farms, and 
cattle feedlot operations, were obtained from State and 
Federal agencies, trade associations, and similar organi- 
zations. Lists of companies having one or more establish- 
ments (or locations) producing agricultural products were 
obtained from the 1982 census and updated using the 
information from the Standard Statistical Establishment 
List maintained by the Census Bureau. Exhaustive record 
linkage, unduplication, and mathematical modeling yielded 
a final mail list of 4.1 million names and addresses that had 
a substantial probability of being a farm operation. 

Report Forms 

In 1987, three different report forms were used— a 
two-page, a four-page, and a six-page form to minimize the 
reporting burden, particularly for small farms and places 
less likely to be farms. The six-page sample form and the 
four-page nonsample form are the same, except sections 
23 through 28 have been added to the sample form to 
obtain supplemental information from a sample of farms. 



The information collected in these sections will give the 
Bureau of the Census a good basis for making estimates of 
these data for other farms included in the census. The 
two-page form does not have as many questions or as 
much detail as the four-page and six-page forms. The 
four-page form has 1 1 regional versions and the six-page 
form has 13 regional versions. Both forms have different 
crops prelisted. Appendix D contains copies of both the 
two-page and six-page forms. 

The six-page form was mailed to 1 ,104,000 addressees 
on the mail list, including all those expected to be large 
(based on expected sales or acreage) or unique (farms 
operated by multiestablishment companies or nonprofit 
organizations), all those in Alaska and Hawaii, and a 
sample of other addressees. The two-page form was 
mailed to 906,000 addressees. These were expected to be 
small farms or less likely to be farms. The four-page form 
was mailed to the remaining 2,079,000 addressees. Fur- 
ther discussion of the criteria used to determine which 
form was mailed to an addressee is provided in the Census 
Sample Design section of appendix C. 

Initial Mailing 

The report forms were mailed in mid-December 1 987 to 
the approximately 4,089,000 individuals, businesses, and 
organizations on the mail list. The mail packages included 
a report form, a cover letter with a description of the 
purposes and uses of the census on the reverse side, an 
information sheet containing instructions for completing 
the form, and a postage-paid return envelope. Additional 
special instructions were included with report forms sent to 
grazing associations; feedlot operations; institutional orga- 
nizations; Indian reservations; firms with multiple farm or 
ranch operations; and producers of poultry under contract, 
bees and honey, fish, laboratory animals, and nursery and 
greenhouse crops. 

To provide additional help to farmers in completing their 
reports, copies of an Agriculture Census Guide booklet 
were sent to vocational agriculture instructors, USDA 
county offices of the Agriculture Stabilization and Conser- 
vation Service, and the Cooperative Extension Service. 
The Guide contained descriptions and definitions of vari- 
ous items in more detail than the instructions included with 
each report form. Representatives of the above agencies 
graciously consented to assist farmers in completing their 
report forms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-1 



Followup Procedures 

A thank you/reminder card was mailed to those on the 
mail list in mid-January 1988. Five followup letters, three of 
which were accompanied by a report form, were sent to 
nonrespondents at 4-week intervals starting in mid-February 
and continuing until early June 1988. 

Telephone calls were made to all large farms who had 
not responded. In addition, telephone calls were made to a 
sample of other nonrespondents in counties that had a 
response rate of less than 75 percent. A nonresponse 
adjustment procedure was used to represent the final 
nonrespondent farms in the census results. A description 
of this procedure is included in the Census Estimation 
section of appendix C. 

DATA PROCESSING 

Selected report forms were reviewed prior to keying the 
data. These included reports with attached correspon- 
dence and reports with remarks or no positive data on the 
front page. 

The data from each report form were subjected to a 
detailed item-by-item computer edit. The edit performed 
comprehensive checks for consistency and reasonable- 
ness, corrected erroneous or inconsistent data, supplied 
missing data based on similar farms within the same 
county, and assigned farm classification codes necessary 
for tabulating the data. Substantial computer-generated 
changes to the data were clerically reviewed and verified. 

In the computer edit, farms with sales, acreage, or 
commodities exceeding specified levels were tested for 
historical comparability. Key items, such as acreage and 
sales, were compared for substantial changes between 
1 982 and 1 987. Sizeable historical differences were resolved 
or verified by telephone, if necessary. Respondents who 
reported sales or acreage above specified levels on non- 
sample forms were sent correspondence requesting the 
additional sample data. Prior to publication, tabulated 
totals were reviewed by statisticians to identify inconsis- 
tencies and potential coverage problems. Comparisons 
were made with previous census data, estimates published 
by the USDA, and other available data. 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES 

Prior to each agriculture census, the Census Bureau 
reviews the content of the census forms to eliminate 
questions no longer needed and to identify new items 
necessary to meet user needs and to better describe the 
agricultural situation in our Nation. Data requests are 
solicited from farmers, farm organizations, land grant col- 
leges and universities. State and federal agencies, and 
members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agricul- 
tural Statistics. Each agency and organization is asked to 
identify and justify its specific data needs. The following 
data inquiries were added to the 1 987 report form: 



Income from farm-related sources 

Acres under the Conservation Reserve Program 

Payments received for participation in federal farm 

programs 
Grazing permits by source 

Additional data on production expenses were added in 
1987: 

Repair and maintenance expenses 

Cash rent 

Property taxes paid 

All other production expenses 

The following separate data inquiries were eliminated 
from the 1987 form: 

Storage capacity for petroleum products 
Number of hired farm and ranch workers 
Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals 

for human consumption 
Source of irrigation water 
Tons of commercially mixed feed 
Expenditures for coal, wood, and coke 
Selected machinery items: automobiles, corn heads for 

combines, and field forage harvesters 
Chinchillas 
Worms 
Tropical and baitfish 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, 
AND RELATED PUBLICATIONS 

In addition to the 1987 Census of Agriculture for the 50 
States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Amer- 
ican Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands, the census of agriculture program includes 
the 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey, the 1988 
Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey, and 
the 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties. 

The 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey provides 
data on water use by irrigated farms and ranches. Data 
include: the amount of water applied by crop, method of 
water distribution, source of water, and energy costs for 
pumping water. Data from this survey will be published as 
volume 3, part 1 . 

The 1 988 Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership 
Survey provides detailed data on debts, expenses, taxes, 
credits, assets, land ownership, and farm and off-farm 
income for farm operators. Many of these items, as well as 
detailed data on landlord characteristics, are being col- 
lected from the landlords of the farms involved in the 
survey. Data from this survey will be published as volume 
3, part 2. 

The 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties covers 
operations growing and selling $2,000 or more of horticul- 
tural products such as greenhouse products, outdoor- 
grown floricultural products, nursery products, mushrooms, 
and sod. These data will be published as volume 4. 

Additional publications of the 1 987 Census of Agricul- 
ture data include the Agricultural Atlas of the United States 
(previously called the Graphic Summary), Coverage Eval- 
uation, Ranking of States and Counties, and Government 
Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold. 



A-2 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



The Agricultural Atlas of the United States presents the 
Nation's agriculture graphically illustrated by dot and mul- 
ticolor pattern maps. The maps provide displays on size 
and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, market value of 
products sold, crops harvested, livestock inventories, and 
other characteristics of farms. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 1. 

The Coverage Evaluation report provides estimates of 
the completeness of the 1987 Census of Agriculture for 
the United States, geographic regions, and selected States 
and groups of States. Estimates with their associated 
sample reliability are provided for farms not on the mail list, 
farms classified as nonfarms, duplicate farms, and non- 
farms classified as farms. This report will be published as 
volume 2, part 2. 

The Ranking of States and Counties report ranks the 
leading States and counties for selected items in the 1 987 
census and provides comparative data from the 1982 
census. This report will be published as volume 2, part 3. 

A new publication on Government Payments and Mar- 
ket Value of Agricultural Products Sold presents 1987 data 
for the United States and each State. The U.S. table has a 
format similar to volume 1, U.S. table 52 and presents 
summary data by size of farm. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 5. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 



Land in farms is an operating unit concept and includes 
land owned and operated as well as land rented from 
others. Land used rent free was to be reported as land 
rented from others. All grazing land, except land used 
under government permits on a per-head basis, was 
included as "land in farms" provided it was part of a farm 
or ranch. Land under the exclusive use of a grazing 
association was to be reported by the grazing association 
and included as land in farms. All land in Indian reserva- 
tions used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be 
included as land in farms. Land in reservations not reported 
by individual Indians or non-Indians was to be reported in 
the name of the cooperative group that used the land. In 
some instances, an entire Indian reservation was reported 
as one farm. 



Land area— The approximate land area of counties and 
States represents the total land area as determined by 
records and calculations as of January 1, 1988. These 
data are updated periodically; however, the acreages 
shown for 1987 are essentially the same as for 1982. Any 
differences between the land area for 1 987 and 1 982 are 
due to annexations and other changes affecting county 
boundaries. 



The following definitions and explanations provide a 
more detailed description of the terms used in this publi- 
cation than are available in the tables or on the report form. 
For an exact wording of the questions on the 1 987 census 
report forms and the information sheet which accompa- 
nied these forms, see appendix D. Most definitions of 
terms are the same as those used in earlier censuses. The 
more important exceptions are also noted here. 

Farms or farms reporting— The term "farms" or "farms 
reporting" in the presentation of data denotes the number 
of farms reporting the item. For example, if there are 3,710 
farms in a State and 842 of them had 28,594 cattle and 
calves, the data for those farms reporting cattle and calves 
would appear as: 

Cattle and calves farms- - 842 

number- - 28.594 

Land in farms— The acreage designated in the tables 
as "land in farms" consists primarily of agricultural land 
used for crops, pasture, or grazing. It also includes wood- 
land and wasteland not actually under cultivation or used 
for pasture or grazing, provided it was part of the farm 
operator's total operations. Large acreages of woodland or 
wasteland held for nonagricultural purposes were deleted 
from individual reports during the processing operations. 
Land in farms includes acres set aside under annual 
commodity acreage programs as well as acres in the 
Conservation Reserve Program for places meeting the 
farm definition. 



Land in two or more counties— With few exceptions, 
the land in each farm was tabulated as being in the 
operator's principal county. The principal county was defined 
as the one where the largest value of agricultural products 
was raised or produced. It was usually the county contain- 
ing all or the largest proportion of the land in the farm or 
viewed by the respondent as his/her principal county. For 
a limited number of Midwest and Western States, this 
procedure has resulted in the allocation of more land in 
farms to a county than the total land area of the county. To 
minimize this distortion, separate reports were required for 
large farms identified from the 1982 census as having 
more than one farm unit. Other reports received showing 
land in more than one county were separated into two or 
more reports if the data would substantially affect the 
county totals. 



Value of land and buildings— Respondents were asked 
to report their estimate of the current market value of land 
and buildings owned, rented or leased from others, and 
rented or leased to others. Market value refers to the value 
the land and buildings would sell for under current market 
conditions. If the value of land and buildings was not 
reported, it was estimated using the average value of land 
and buildings from a similar farm in the same geographic 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-3 



Harvested cropland— This category includes land from 
which crops were harvested or hay was cut, and land in 
orchards, citrus groves, vineyards, nurseries, and green- 
houses. Land from which two or more crops were har- 
vested was counted only once, even though there was 
more than one use of the land. 



Irrigated land— This category includes all land watered 
by any artificial or controlled means, such as sprinklers, 
furrows or ditches, and spreader dikes. Included are 
supplemental, partial, and preplant irrigation. Each acre 
was to be counted only once regardless of the number of 
times it was irrigated or harvested. 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing— This 

category includes land used only for pasture or grazing 
that could have been used for crops without additional 
improvement. Included also was all cropland used for 
rotation pasture and land in government diversion pro- 
grams that were pastured. However, cropland that was 
pastured before or after crops were harvested was to be 
included as harvested cropland rather than cropland for 
pasture or grazing. 

Other cropland— This category includes cropland not 
harvested and not grazed which was used for cover crops, 
soil improvement crops, land on which all crops failed, 
cultivated summer fallow, idle cropland, and land planted 
in crops that were to be harvested after the census year. 

Total woodland— This category includes natural or 
planted woodlots or timber tracts, cutover and deforested 
land with young growth which has or will have value for 
wood products, land planted for Christmas tree production, 
and woodland pastured. Land covered by sagebrush or 
mesquite was to be reported as other pastureland and 
rangeland or other land. 

Woodland pastured— This category includes all wood- 
land used for pasture or grazing during the census year. 
Woodland or forest land pastured under a per-head graz- 
ing permit was not counted as land in farms and therefore, 
was not included in woodland pastured. 

Cropland in annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs— This category includes land diverted or set 
aside under the provisions of the Federal Commodity 
Acreage Program. These data are for the acres of cropland 
taken out of production by growers of wheat, cotton, rice, 
corn, sorghum, barley, and oats, and devoted to conser- 
vation uses. Information was not obtained as to which 
crops would have been grown on the acres set aside. 

Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program 

(CRP)— This category includes acres of "highly erodible" 
cropland taken out of agricultural production and planted 
to protective cover crops or reforested. The CRP was 
established through the 1985 Food Security Act and 
provides for annual rental payments and shared costs of 
conservation practices through a 10-year contract with the 
USDA. Appendix B presents data on places with all their 
cropland enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program 
and which were not counted as farms in the 1987 census. 



Operator— The term "operator" designates a person 
who operates a farm, either doing the work or making 
day-to-day decisions about such things as planting, har- 
vesting, feeding, and marketing. The operator may be the 
owner, a member of the owner's household, a hired 
manager, a tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. If a person 
rents land to others or has land worked on shares by 
others, he/she is considered the operator only of the land 
which is retained for his/her own operation. For partner- 
ships, only one partner is counted as the operator. If it is 
not clear which partner is in charge, then the senior or 
oldest active partner is considered the operator. For 
census purposes, the number of operators is the same as 
the number of farms. In some cases, the operator was not 
the individual named on the address label of the report 
form, but another family member, a partner, or a hired 
manager who was actually in charge of the farm operation. 

Operator characteristics— All operators were asked 
to report place of residence, principal occupation, days of 
off-farm work, year in which his/her operation of the farm 
began, age, race, sex, and Spanish origin. If race, age, sex, 
and principal occupation were not reported, they were 
imputed based on information reported by farms with 
similar acreage, tenure, and value of sales. No imputations 
were made for nonresponse to place of residence, Span- 
ish origin, off-farm work, or year began operation. Opera- 
tors of Spanish origin were tabulated by reported race. 

Farm production expenses— In 1 987, additional spe- 
cific expense items and a category for all other farm 
production expenses were added to the selected farm 
production expenses collected in 1 982. Consequently, we 
are publishing total farm production expenses in 1 987. The 
expenses are limited to those incurred in the operation of 
the farm business. Expenses include the share of the 
expenditures provided by landlords, contractors, and part- 
ners in the operation of the farm business. Property taxes 
paid by landlords are excluded. Expenditures for nonfarm 
activities; farm-related activities such as providing custom- 
work for others, the production and harvest of forest 
products, and recreational services; and household expenses 
are excluded. In 1987, as in other recent censuses, 
operators producing crops, livestock, or poultry under 
contract often were unable or unwilling to estimate the cost 
of production inputs furnished by the contractors. As a 
consequence, extensive estimation was required for con- 
tract producers. 

Commercial fertilizer— The expense for commercial 
fertilizer is the amount spent on fertilizer during 1987 



A-4 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



including the cost of custom application. The cost of 
custom application was excluded from the 1982 and 
1978 data. 

Agricultural chemicals— These expenses include the 
cost of all insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and 
other pesticides, including the cost of custom applica- 
tion. Data exclude commercial fertilizer purchased. 
The cost of custom application was excluded from the 
1 982 and 1 978 data. The cost of lime was excluded 
from the 1987 and 1982 data, but included in 1978. 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery 

and equipment— These expenses include costs incurred 
for having customwork done on the place and for 
renting machines to perform agricultural operations. 
The cost of cotton ginning is excluded. The cost of 
labor involved in the customwork service is included in 
the customwork expense. The cost of custom applica- 
tion of fertilizer and chemicals was included in the 
1982 and 1978 customwork data, but is included in 
expenditures for these items in 1987. The cost of hired 
labor for operating rented or hired machinery is included 
as a hired farm and ranch labor expense. 

Interest— In 1987, separate data were collected for 
interest paid on debts secured by real estate and 
interest paid on debts not secured by real estate. In 
1982, only total interest expenses were collected. 

Market value of agricultural products sold— This 
category represents the gross market value before taxes 
and production expenses of all agricultural products sold 
or removed from the place in 1987 regardless of who 
received the payment. It includes sales by the operator as 
well as the value of any shares received by partners, 
landlords, contractors, or others associated with the oper- 
ation. In addition, it includes receipts from placing com- 
modities in the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan 
program in 1987. It does not include payments received for 
participation in federal farm programs nor does it include 
income from farm-related sources such as customwork 
and other agricultural services, or income from nonfarm 
sources. 

The value of crops sold in 1987 does not necessarily 
represent the sales from crops harvested in 1987. Data 
may include sales from crops produced in earlier years and 
exclude some crops produced in 1987, but held in storage 
and not sold. For commodities, such as sugar beets and 
wool, sold through a co-op which made payments in 
several installments, respondents were requested to report 
the total value received in 1 987. 

The value of agricultural products sold was requested of 
all operators. If the operator failed to report this informa- 
tion, estimates were made based on the amount of crops 
harvested, livestock or poultry inventory or number sold. 
Extensive estimation was required for operators growing 
crops or livestock under contract. 



Caution should be used when comparing sales in 1987 
with sales reported in earlier censuses. Sales figures are 
expressed in current dollars and have not been adjusted 
for inflation or deflation. 

Government payments— This category is limited to 
direct cash or generic commodity certificate (PIK) pay- 
ments received by the farm operator in 1 987. It includes 
deficiency and diversion payments; wool payments; pay- 
ments from the Dairy Termination Program, the Conserva- 
tion Reserve Program, other conservation programs, and 
all other federal farm programs under which payments 
were made directly to farm operators. 

Other farm-related income— The 1987 report form 
included a new inquiry on income from farm-related sources. 
These data consist of gross income in 1987 before taxes 
and expenses from the sales of farm by-products and 
other sales and services closely related to the principal 
functions of the farm business. These data are for income 
producing activities that are primarily a by-product or 
supplemental to the farm operation. They exclude income 
from business activities that are separate from the farm 
business. 

Customwork and other agricultural services— This 

income includes gross receipts received by farm oper- 
ators for providing services for others such as planting, 
plowing, spraying, and harvesting. Income from cus- 
tomwork and other agricultural services is generally 
included in the agriculture census if it is closely related 
to the farming operation. However, it is excluded if it 
constitutes a separate business or is conducted from 
another location. 

Rental of farmland— This income includes gross cash 
rent or share payments received from renting out 
farmland; payments received from the lease or sale of 
allotments for crops such as tobacco; and payments 
received for livestock pastured on a per-head, per- 
month, or per-pound basis. It excludes rental income 
from nonfarm property. 

Sales of forest products— This income includes gross 
receipts from the sales of Christmas trees, standing 
timber, maple products, gum for naval stores, fire- 
wood, and other forest products from the farm busi- 
ness. It excludes income from nonfarm timber tracts 
and sawmill businesses. 

Other farm-related income sources— This income 
includes gross receipts from hunting leases, fishing 
fees, camping, other recreational services, patronage 
dividends of cooperatives, sales of farm by-products, 
and other sales and services closely related to the 
farm business. It excludes income from nonfarm busi- 
nesses. 

Commodity Credit Corporations loans— This cate- 
gory includes loans for corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, 
barley, oats, cotton, peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-5 



Agricultural chemicals used, including fertilizer and 
lime — For each type of agricultural chemical, the acres 
treated were to be reported only once even if the acres 
were fertilized or limed more than once. If multipurpose 
chemicals were used, the acres treated for each purpose 
were to be reported. 

Fish and other aquacultural products— The raising of 
fish and other aquacultural products in captivity is included 
in the agriculture census. Production in salt water is 
considered not to be in captivity and is excluded from the 
census. 

Bees and honey— Bee and honey production was 
enumerated and tabulated in the county in which the home 
farm was located even though hives are often moved from 
farm to farm over a wide geographic area. 

Citrus enumeration— In the 1987 census, reports for 
selected citrus caretakers in Arizona, Florida, and Texas 
were obtained by direct enumeration. A citrus caretaker is 
an organization or person caring for or managing citrus 
groves for others. This special enumeration has been used 
in recent censuses because of the difficulty in identifying 
and enumerating absentee grove owners who often do not 
know the information that is needed to adequately com- 
plete the census report. Each citrus caretaker was enu- 
merated as a farm operator and requested to complete 
one report form for all groves cared for and to furnish a list 
of grove owners' names, addresses, and acres of citrus. 
The names on the lists were matched to completed grove 
owners' report forms to eliminate duplication. The care- 
taker also was requested to inform the grove owner that he 
had already reported for the citrus under his care and that 
the grove owner was not to report the citrus again. In the 
1 987 census, 7 caretakers in Arizona reported 1 75 grove 
owners having 12,000 acres of citrus; the 65 caretakers in 
Florida reported 3,000 grove owners having 170,000 acres 
of citrus; and 20 caretakers in Texas reported 800 grove 
owners having 14,500 acres of citrus. 

Crop year or season covered— Acres and quantity 
harvested are for the calendar year 1 987 except for citrus 
fruits, avocados, olives; vegetables in Florida; sugarcane in 
Florida and Texas; and pineapples and coffee in Hawaii. 

Citrus fruits— The data for Florida relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1986 through July 1987 
harvest season, except limes that were harvested in 
the April 1987 through March 1988 harvest season. 
The data for Texas relate to the quantity harvested in 
the September 1 986 through May 1 987 harvest sea- 
son. The data for States, other than Florida and Texas, 
relate to the quantity harvested in the 1986-87 harvest 
season. 

Avocados— The data for California relate to the quan- 
tity harvested in the November 1 986 through Novem- 
ber 1 987 harvest season and for Florida the April 1 987 
through March 1 988 harvest season. 



Olives— The data for California relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1986 through March 1987 
harvest season. 

Vegetables— The data for Florida relate to the crop 
harvested in the September 1986 through August 
1 987 harvest season. 

Sugarcane for sugar— The data for Florida relate to 
the cuttings from November 1 986 through April 1 987, 
and for Texas the cuttings from October 1 986 through 
April 1987. 

Pineapples— The data for Hawaii relate to the quantity 
harvested in the year ending May 31, 1987. 

Coffee— The data for Hawaii relate to the 1 986-87 crop. 



Acres and quantity harvested— Crops were reported 
in whole acres, except for the following crops which were 
reported in lOths of acres: Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 
tobacco, fruit and nut crops including land in orchards, 
berries, vegetables, and nursery and greenhouse crops; 
and in Hawaii, taro, ginger root, and lotus root. Totals for 
crops reported in 10ths of acres were rounded to whole 
acres at the aggregate level during the tabulation process. 

If two or more crops were harvested from the same land 
during the year, the acres would be counted for each crop. 
Therefore, the total acres of all crops harvested generally 
exceeds the acres of cropland harvested. An exception to 
this procedure is hay crops. When more than one cutting of 
hay was taken from the same acres, the acres are counted 
only once but the quantity harvested includes all cuttings. 
However, hay cut for both dry hay and green chop or silage 
would be reported for each applicable crop. For inter- 
planted crops or "skip-row" crops, acres were to be 
reported according to the portion of the field occupied by 
each crop. 

If a crop was planted but not harvested, the acres were 
not to be reported as harvested. These acres were to be 
reported in the "land use" section under the appropriate 
cropland items— cropland used only for pasture or grazing, 
cropland used for cover crops, cropland on which all crops 
failed, or cropland idle. 

Corn and sorghum hogged or grazed were to be reported 
as "cropland harvested" and not as "cropland used only 
for pasture or grazing." Crop residue left in fields and later 
hogged or grazed was not reported as cropland pasture. 

Quantity harvested was not obtained for crops such as 
vegetables; nursery and greenhouse crops; corn cut for 
dry fodder, hogged or grazed; and sorghum, hogged or 
grazed. 

Acres of land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, 
citrus or other groves, vineyards, and nut trees were to be 
reported as harvested cropland regardless of whether the 
crop was harvested or failed. However, abandoned orchards 
were to be reported as cropland idle, not as harvested 
cropland and the individual abandoned orchard crop acres 
were not to be reported. 



A-6 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Land in orchards— This category includes land in 
bearing and nonbearing fruit trees, citrus or other groves, 
vineyards, and nut trees of all ages, including land on 
which all fruit crops failed. Respondents were instructed 
not to report abandoned plantings and plantings of less 
than 20 total fruit, citrus, or nut trees, or grapevines. 

Crop units of measure— The regional report forms 
allowed the operator to report the quantity of field crops 
harvested in a unit of measure commonly used in the 
region. When the operator reported in a unit of measure 
different than the unit of measure published, the quantity 
harvested was converted to the published unit of measure. 

Grapes could be reported in dry weight or fresh weight; 
plums and prunes in fresh weight, or prunes in dry weight; 
and in Hawaii, coffee in pounds parchment or pounds 
cherry, and macadamia nuts in pounds husked, unshelled 
or pounds shelled. For other fruit and nut crops and citrus, 
the operator was given a choice of units of measure of 
pounds, tons, or boxes. The quantity harvested for these 
crops is published in pounds. 



Data are based on a sample of farms— For 1987, 
1 982, and 1 978, selected data were collected from only a 
sample of farms. These data are subject to sampling error. 
For 1987, the six-page sample form was mailed to all large 
and specialized farms (based on expected sales, acres, or 
standard industrial classification), all farms in Alaska and 
Hawaii, and approximately 1 7 percent of all other farms. 
Sample sections 23 through 28 of the 1987 census forms 
included inquiries on production expenses, commercial 
fertilizer and lime, chemicals, machinery and equipment, 
value of land and buildings, and income from farm-related 
sources. Estimates of the reliability of county totals for 
selected items are shown in table F of appendix C. 

Operators of Spanish origin— No imputation was made 
for those not responding to the question on Spanish origin. 

Farms operated by Black and other races— This 
category includes Blacks, American Indians, Asian and 
Pacific Islanders, and all other racial groups other than 
White. 



Write-in crops— To reduce the length of the report 
form, only the major crops for the region were prelisted. 
For other crops, the respondent was requested to look at 
a list of crops in each section and write in the crop name 
and its code. For crops that had no individual code listed 
on the report form, the respondent was to write in the crop 
name and code the crop into the appropriate "all other" 
category for that section. Write-in crops coded as "all 
other" were reviewed and assigned a specific code when 
possible. Crops not assigned a specific code were left in 
the appropriate "all other" category. 

In some cases, the reviewers were unable to determine 
the specific crop reported by the respondent because of 
incomplete or generalized crop names. To ensure proper 
coding, most of these respondents were telephoned. 
Reports for those not telephoned were changed on the 
basis of other reports for the area. 



All other races— This category is primarily limited to 
persons native to or of ancestry from Mexico, the Carib- 
bean, and Central and South America. 

Total sales— This item represents the gross market 
value of all agricultural products sold before taxes and 
expenses in the census year including livestock, poultry, 
and their products; and crops, including nursery crops and 
hay. Respondents were asked to include landlords' and 
contractors' shares. The value of commodities placed in 
CCC loans are included as sold. In 1987, all farms includ- 
ing abnormal farms were tabulated by size based on 
reported sales. In 1982 and 1978, abnormal farms were 
included in the total sales figure, but excluded from the 
detailed size breakdowns. Abnormal farms include institu- 
tional farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian 
reservations. 



Misreported or miscoded crops— In a few instances, 
tabulated data may be inaccurate because respondents 
misunderstood or misinterpreted questions on the report 
form. Data may have been reported on the wrong line or in 
the wrong section, or the wrong crop code may have been 
placed beside the name of a write-in crop. Some of these 
errors as well as some keying errors may not have been 
identified during processing and therefore, were not cor- 
rected. Reports with significant acres of unusual crops for 
the area were examined to minimize the possibility that 
they were in error. 

"See text" References 

Items in the tables which carry the note "See text" are 
explained or defined in this section. 



Farms with sales of less than $1,000— This category 
includes all farms with actual sales of less than $1 ,000, but 
having the production potential for sales of $1,000 or 
more. These farms normally could be expected to sell 
$1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm 
unit — This category is derived by subtracting total operat- 
ing expenditures from the gross market value of agricul- 
tural products sold. Depreciation and the change in inven- 
tory values are excluded from expenditures. Production 
expenditures may be understated on part owner and 
tenant farms because property taxes paid by landlords are 
excluded. Other landlord expenditures, such as insurance 
or rent paid, which are not readily known to renters may 
also be omitted or understated. Gross sales include sales 
by the operator as well as the share of sales received by 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-7 



partners, landlords, and contractors. Consequently, the 
net cash return is that of the farm unit rather than the net 
farm income of the operator. 

Other livestock and livestock products— This cate- 
gory includes all livestock and livestock products not listed 
separately. 

Value of livestock and poultry on farms— Data for 

the value of livestock and poultry on farms were obtained 
by multiplying the inventory of each major age and sex 
group by State average prices. The State average prices 
for cattle, hogs, sheep, Angora goats, hens and pullets of 
laying age, and turkeys were obtained primarily from data 
published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, 
USDA. Prices applied to other livestock and poultry were 
census-derived averages based primarily on reported value 
of sales in the census. 

Poultry hatched— This category includes all poultry 
hatched on the place during the year and placed or sold. 
Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1987, is tabu- 
lated under the column heading "Inventory" and the 
number of poultry hatched and placed or sold is under the 
heading "Sales." 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
silage, green chop, etc.— Data shown for hay represent 
all hay crops, including grass silage, haylage, and hay 
crops cut and fed green (green chop). In production data, 
dry tons represent dry tonnage for the various hay cate- 
gories and dry weight equivalents for grass silage and hay 
cut and fed green. The conversion used was 3 tons of 
green weight to 1 ton of dry weight. 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay— Data shown represent dry tons of hay harvested 
from clover, lespedeza, timothy, Bermuda grass, Sudan 
grass, and other types of legume and tame grasses. 

Grapes— Farm operators were given the option of 
reporting the quantity of grapes harvested in dry weight or 
fresh weight. For publication purposes, all quantities of 
grapes harvested have been converted to pounds of fresh 
weight. The conversion used was 4 pounds fresh weight to 
1 pound dry weight. 

Plums and prunes — Farm operators were given the 
option of reporting the quantity of plums and prunes 
harvested in dry weight or fresh weight. For publication 
purposes, all quantities of plums and prunes harvested 
have been converted to pounds of fresh weight. The 
conversion used was 3 pounds fresh weight to 1 pound dry 
weight. 

Cherries— For 1987, cherries were reported as "sweet 
cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries" depending on the 
regional form the respondent completed. On regional 



forms for States where cherries are an important fruit crop, 
"sweet cherries" and "tart cherries" were listed sepa- 
rately. On the other regional forms, either "cherries" were 
listed or could be written in. For publication purposes, 
"cherries, total" could be shown along with the individual 
breakdown of "sweet cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries, 
not specified." "Cherries, not specified" is used to account 
for cherries where the "sweet" and "tart" breakdown was 
not asked or where respondents wrote in "cherries" but 
did not specify or code the kind of cherry. All the individual 
cherry items may not be shown. Data for "sweet cherries," 
"tart cherries," and "cherries, not specified" are not 
available for 1 982. 

Other fruits and nuts— Data shown for other fruits and 
nuts relate to any fruits and nuts not having a specific code 
on the 1 987 report form. 

Land used for vegetables— Data are for the total land 
used for vegetable crops. The acres are reported only 
once, even though two or more harvests of a vegetable or 
more than one vegetable were harvested from the same 
acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale— The acres of vegeta- 
bles harvested is the summation of the acres of individual 
vegetables harvested. All of the individual vegetable items 
may not be shown. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops grown for sale— These 
data are a summation of the individual items reported. All 
of the individual items may not be shown. 

Nursery, floriculture, vegetable and flower seed 
crops, sod, etc., grown in the open, irrigated— Data 

refer to farms reporting irrigated nursery, floriculture, veg- 
etable and flower seeds, sod, bedding plants, etc., grown 
in the open. 

Other grains— These data are for the total market 
value of other grains sold including dry edible beans, dry 
lima beans, buckwheat, dry southern peas (cowpeas), 
emmer and spelt, flaxseed, mixed grains, lentils, mustard 
seed, dry edible peas, popcorn, proso millet, rice, rye for 
grain, safflower, sunflower seed, triticale, and wild rice. 

Value of crop production— This item represents the 
estimated value of all crops harvested during the 1987 
crop year. Data for the value of crops harvested were 
obtained by multiplying the average estimated value per 
unit by the reported acres or quantity harvested. Generally, 
harvested units of production (pounds, bushels, bales, 
etc.) were multiplied by State estimates of prices per unit. 
If only acres harvested were reported, State estimates for 
value of production per acre were used. The State average 
production price and production value per acre used in 
these calculations were obtained usually from publications 
of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. When 



A-8 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



USDA estimates were not available, Bureau of the Census 
statisticians made estimates using available sources such 
as data from adjacent States, respondent report forms, 
county extension agents, and other persons knowledge- 
able about specific crops. 



Part owners, who operate land they own and also land 
they rent from others. 

Tenants, who operate only land they rent from others or 
work on shares for others. 



FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED 
CHARACTERISTICS 



State tables 48 through 53 present detailed 1 987 data 
for all farms classified by specified characteristics— tenure 
of operator, type of organization, age and principal occu- 
pation of operator, size of farm (acres), value of agricultural 
products sold, and standard industrial classification. Other 
tables include data classified by value of sales groups or 
other characteristics of the farm or the operator. 

Farms by value of agricultural products sold or 
value of sales— In 1987, all farms were tabulated by size 
based on reported sales. In 1982 and earlier censuses, 
abnormal farms were not tabulated based on sales size. In 
the tables on market value of agricultural products sold, 
the sales of abnormal farms in 1 982 and earlier censuses 
were included in the total sales figure, but excluded from 
the detailed size categories. Abnormal farms included 
institutional farms, experimental and research farms, and 
Indian reservations. The category "farms with sales of less 
than $1,000" included all farms with actual sales of less 
than $1 ,000 but having the production potential for sales of 
$1 ,000 or more. These farms normally could be expected 
to sell $1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

The sales size categories used in this report are con- 
sistent with the standard business size categories issued 
by Office of Management and Budget (0MB) in 1982. In 
State table 52, data are presented for four sales size 
categories between $10,000 and $49,999. This provides 
users with bridge data under both the 0MB and the 1978 
census classifications. For the 1 992 census, data will be 
presented only for the 0MB sales size categories of 
$10,000 to $24,999 and $25,000 to $49,999. 

Abnormal farms— This category includes institutional 
farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian reser- 
vations. Institutional farms include those operated by hos- 
pitals, penitentiaries, churches, schools, grazing associa- 
tions, and government agencies. In 1987 and 1982, 
nongovernmental units such as church farms and Future 
Farmers of America camps were classified as abnormal 
farms only when 50 percent or more of their products 
produced and intended for human consumption were 
utilized by the organization. 

Farms by tenure of operator— The classifications of 
tenure used in the 1987 census were: 

Full owners, who operate only land they own. 
1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Farms by type of organization— All farms were clas- 
sified by type of organization in the 1987 census. The 
classifications used were: 

individual or family (sole proprietorship), excluding 
partnership and corporation. 

Partnership, including family partnership. 

Corporation, including family corporation. 

Other, cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 

Corporations were subclassified by two additional char- 
acteristics into: 

1 . Family held 

Other than family held 

2. More than 10 stockholders 
1 or less stockholders 



Farms by age and principal occupation of opera- 
tor—Data on age and principal occupation were requested 
from all operators in 1987. The principal occupation clas- 
sifications used were: 

Farming— The operator spent 50 percent or more of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in farming or ranching. 

Other— The operator spent more than 50 percent of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in occupations other than 
farming or ranching. 

Farms by size— All farms were classified into selected 
size groups according to the total land area in the farm. 
The land area of a farm is an operating unit concept and 
includes land owned and operated as well as land rented 
from others. Land rented to or assigned to a tenant was 
considered the tenant's farm and not the owner's. 



Farms by standard industrial classification— In 1 987, 
all agricultural production establishments (farms, ranches, 
nurseries, greenhouses, etc.) were classified by type of 
activity using the standard industrial classification (SIC) 
system. These classifications, found in the 1987 SIC 
Manual \ are used to promote uniformity and comparability 
in the presentation of statistical data collected by various 
agencies. 



'standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. For sale by 
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash- 
ington, DC 20402. Stock No. 041-001-003-14-2. 

APPENDIX A A-9 



An establishment primarily engaged in crop production 
(major group 01) or production of livestock and animal 
specialties (major group 02) is classified in the four-digit 
industry and three-digit industry group which accounts for 
50 percent or more of the total value of sales of its 
agricultural products. If the total value of sales of agricul- 
tural products of an establishment is less than 50 percent 
from a single four-digit industry, but 50 percent or more 
from the products of two or more four-digit industries within 
the same three-digit industry group, the establishment is 
classified in the miscellaneous industry of that industry 
group. Otherwise, it is classified as a general crop farm in 
industry 0191 or a general livestock farm in industry 0291. 
Establishments that derive 50 percent or more of the value 
of sales from horticultural specialties of industry group 018 
are classified in industry 0181 or 0182 according to their 
primary activity. 

Characteristics of all farms by selected SIC groupings 
are shown in State tables 18 and 53. The SIC groupings 
shown in State table 53, together with the associated 
products (value of sales representing 50 percent or more 
of the value of agricultural products sold during the year) 
on which the classification is based, are as follows: 

Cash grains (011)— Wheat, rice, corn, soybeans, bar- 
ley, buckwheat, cowpeas, dry field and seed beans 
and peas, flaxseed, lentils, milo, mustard seed, oats, 
popcorn, rye, safflower, sorghum, sunflowers, and 
other small grains. 

Cotton (0131)— Cotton and cottonseed. 

Tobacco (0132)— Tobacco. 

Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, hay, pea- 
nuts, and other field crops (0133, 0134, 
0139)— Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, alfalfa, 
broomcorn, clover, grass seed, hay, hops, mint, pea- 
nuts, sweetpotatoes, timothy, and yams. 

Vegetables and melons (016)— Vegetables and mel- 
ons grown in the open. 



Fruits and tree nuts (017)— Berries, grapes, tree nuts, 
citrus fruits, deciduous tree fruits, avocados, bananas, 
coffee, dates, figs, olives, pineapples, and tropical fruit. 

Horticultural specialties (018)— Bedding plants, bulbs, 
florists' greens, flower and vegetable seeds, flowers, 
foliage, fruit stocks, nursery stock, ornamental plants, 
shrubberies, sod, mushrooms, and vegetables grown 
under cover. 

General farms, primarily crops (019)— Crops, includ- 
ing horticultural specialties, but less than 50 percent of 
sales from any single three-digit industry group. 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal special- 
ties (021)— Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, goat's 
milk, mohair, and wool. 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212)— Production or 
feeding of beef cattle, except feedlots. 

Dairy farms (024)— Production of cows' milk and other 
dairy products and raising of dairy heifer replacements. 

Poultry and eggs (025)— Chickens, chicken eggs, tur- 
keys, ducks, geese, pheasants, pigeons, quail, and 
squab. 

Animal specialties (027)— Fur-bearing animals, rab- 
bits, horses, ponies, bees, fish in captivity except fish 
hatcheries, worms, and laboratory animals. 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal spe- 
cialties (029)— Livestock and animal specialties and 
their products, but less than 50 percent of sales from 
any single three-digit industry group. 

The SIC manual was revised for 1987. Animal aquacul- 
ture (0273) was established as a new industry and horti- 
cultural specialties, not elsewhere classified (0189) was 
deleted. 



A-10 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B. 
Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve 

Program 



The Food Security Act of 1985 established the 
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). This program 
provides annual payments for highly erodible cropland 
enrolled in the program and meeting its conservation 
requirements. It also requires that the land be taken out 
of agricultural production for 1 years. 

The 1 987 Census of Agriculture includes Conservation 
Reserve acreage as land in farms on operations that 
meet the census farm definition. For census purposes, 
a farm is any place from which agricultural products of 
$1,000 or more were produced and sold or normally 
would have been sold during the census year. 
Operations which placed all of their cropland in the CRP 
and did not othenwise meet the farm definition based 
upon sales, livestock inventories, planted crops, or other 
criteha for potential sales were not included as farms in 
the census tabulations. 



The following table provides CRP data for places not 
meeting the census farm definition ("whole farm" CRP 
places). It also contains separate but corresponding 
CRP data for farms included in the census tabulations. 
In addition to State data, detailed county data are 
presented for counties with three or more"whole farm" 
CRP places reported. For counties with less than three 
"whole farm" CRP places reported, their data are 
combined and reported in "all other counties." 

The data for "whole farm" CRP places are not 
complete for all counties. The census mail list was 
developed from sources which indicated the farm had 
agricultural production activity. It was not designed to 
cover all "whole farm" CRP places. Therefore, the data 
for these places are limited to what was reported in the 
census and have not been adjusted to account for 
nonresponse, incomplete coverage, and reporting errors. 



Land in Conservation Reserve Program: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 










Geographic area 


Agricultural places excluded by farm definition with acres 


Farms with acres in the CRP 


Number 


Land in places 
(acres) 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 


Number 


Land in farms 
(acres) 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 


M 


35 


9 727 


2 172 


115 


64 212 









1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B B-1 



APPENDIX C. 
Statistical Methodology 



Page 

MAIL LIST MODEL C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN C-1 

CENSUS ESTIMATION C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR C-3 

CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR C-5 

EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 

NONRESPONSE C-6 

TABLES: 

A. PERCENT OF STATE TOTALS CONTRIBUTED BY 
WHOLE FARM NONRESPONSE ESTIMATION: 1987 

B. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A COMPLETE COUNT ITEM: 
1987 

C. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A SAMPLE ITEM: 1987 

D. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF STATE TOTALS: 1987 

E. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF PERCENT CHANGE IN 
STATE TOTALS: 1982 TO 1987 

F. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF COUNTY TOTALS: 1987 

G. NEW ENGLAND STATES COVERAGE EVALUATION 
ESTIMATES OF FARMS NOT ON THE MAIL LIST: 1987 



MAIL LIST MODEL 

A statistical discriminant model was developed to pre- 
dict the probability that a mail list addressee operated a 
farm. The model was used to identify the 4.1 million 
records from the preliminary census mail list of 6.0 million 
records that would receive a census of agriculture report 
form. Records from the 1 982 census mail list were used to 
build the model. Record characteristics such as the source 
of the mail list record (see appendix A for a description of 
record sources), number of source lists on which the 
record appeared, expected value of agricultural sales, and 
geographic location were used to separate mail list records 
into model groups. The proportion of 1982 census farm 
records in each group was calculated to provide an 
estimate of the probability that an addressee in the group 
operated a farm. 

Using these same group definitions, the 1987 census 
mail list records were separated into groups, each with an 
associated estimate of farm probability from the model. 
The 4.1 million mail list records in groups with the largest 
estimate of farm probability were selected to receive the 
census report form. A large percentage of the 1 .9 million 
records that were dropped from the 6.0 million preliminary 
census mail list were nonfarm records from the previous 
census. This procedure was used to obtain a more com- 
plete census enumeration without excessive respondent 
burden and data collection cost. 



CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN 

Each of the 4.1 million name and address records on 
the census mail list was designated to receive one of three 
different types of census report forms. The three forms 
were the nonsample census form (a four-page form), the 
sample form (a six-page form), and the short form (a 
two-page form). Sections 1 through 22 of the sample form 
were identical to sections on the nonsample census form. 
However, the sample form contained additional sections 
on farm production expenditures, usage of fertilizers and 
insecticides, value of machinery and equipment, value of 
land and buildings, and farm-related income. The short 
form contained abbreviated versions of the sections on the 
nonsample census form. These three different forms were 
used to reduce the response burden of the census, while 
providing quality information on a large number of data 
items at the county level. 

The sample form was mailed to all mail list records in 
Alaska and Hawaii and to a sample of records in other 
States identified when the mail list was constmcted. Addresses 
were selected into the sample with certainty if they were 
expected to have large total values of agricultural products 
sold or large acreage, if they were firms with two or more 
farms, or if they had other special characteristics. When a 
nonsample large farm was identified during processing, a 
supplemental form that contained the additional data 
inquiries was mailed. All farms in counties with less than 
100 farms in 1982 were included in the sample with 
certainty; counties containing 100 to 199 farms in 1982 
were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 2; and 
counties containing 200 or more farms in 1982 were 
systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 6. This differential 
sample scheme was used to provide reliable data for 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form for all counties. 

To determine which mail list records would receive the 
short form, all mail list records not designated for the 
sample were sorted into model groups according to farm 
probability as specified by the mail list model. The 906,000 
mail list records in the model groups with the lowest 
probability of being farms and with an expected total value 
of agricultural product sales less than $20,000 were des- 
ignated to receive the short form. The remaining mail list 
records were selected to receive the nonsample census 
form. 

CENSUS ESTIMATION 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture used two types of 
statistical estimation procedures. Ttiese estimation 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-1 



procedures accounted both for nonresponse to the data 
collection and for the sannple data collection. These pro- 
cedures are used because some farm operators never 
respond to the census despite numerous attempts to 
contact them, and not all farm operators are requested to 
provide the sample data items. 



Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation 

A statistical estimation procedure was used to account 
for the census farms among mail list nonrespondents that 
were not designated for telephone followup. A stratified 
systematic sample of eligible census nonrespondents were 
mailed a simplified report form. Five sample strata were 
defined based on form type, expected value of sales, and 
previous census status. The report form was designed to 
provide sufficient information to determine farm status. 
Additional mail and telephone contacts were made to 
survey nonrespondents to obtain sufficient response for 
survey estimates. 

Estimates of the proportion of census nonrespondents 
that operated farms were made for each stratum in the 
State using survey results and applied to the total number 
of census nonrespondents in that stratum. A synthetic 
estimation procedure was used to estimate the number of 
census nonrespondents that operated farms for each 
county by stratum. This estimation procedure is based on 
the assumption that the distribution of farms in a stratum 
by county is the same for census nonrespondents as for 
census respondents. 

Within each stratum in a county, a noninteger nonre- 
sponse weight was calculated and assigned to each 
eligible respondent farm record. The procedure used for 
calculating the nonresponse weight assumed the eligible 
census respondents and the nonrespondent farm opera- 
tions in a county had similar characteristics within each 
stratum. The noninteger nonresponse weight was the ratio 
of the sum of the estimated number of nonrespondent 
farms (using nonresponse survey results) and the number 
of eligible census respondent farms to the number of 
eligible census respondent farms. Stratum controls were 
established to ensure that this weight was never greater 
than 2.0. The noninteger nonresponse weight was used in 
the estimation of the final weight for the sample items. It 
was randomly rounded to an integer weight of either 1 or 2 
for each record for tabulating the complete count items. 

The procedure assumed that we obtain complete response 
from large and unique farm operations because these 
cases received intensive telephone followup during cen- 
sus processing. In situations where addressees could not 
be contacted by telephone or refused to cooperate, sec- 
ondary sources such as Agricultural Stabilization and 
Conservation Service offices or county extension agents 
were asked to provide information as to whether or not the 
addressee had agricultural activities. Data from previous 
census reports for the specific addressee, in conjunction 
with other information, were used to complete the census 
report form. 



Table A quantifies the effect of the nonresponse esti- 
mation procedure on selected census data items. The 
percentage of the census value contributed by nonre- 
sponse estimation as provided in this table indicates the 
potential for bias in published figures resulting from this 
procedure. The estimates provided in these tables do not 
reflect the effect of nonresponse to individual data items 
on respondents' census report forms. The effect of this 
item nonresponse is discussed further under Census Non- 
sampling Error. 



Table A. Percent of State Totals Contributed by 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation: 1987 



Item 



Farms number- 
Land in farms acres- 
Value of land and buildings $1 ,000- 

Market value of agricultural products sold --$1,000- 
Harvested cropland acres- 
Corn for grain or seed acres- 
Wheat for grain acres- 
Livestock and poultry inventory: 
Cattle and calves number- 
Hogs and pigs number- 
Hens and pullets of laying age number- 



Percent of total 



13.2 
9.7 

10.8 
3.0 
8.0 
3.9 
5.4 

8.3 
16.8 

0.1 



Sample Estimation 



All respondent sample records received a sample weight 
The sample data estimates the actual figures that would 
have resulted from a complete census of the items in 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form. The estimates 
were obtained from an iterative ratio estimation procedure 
that resulted in the assignment of a weight to each record 
containing sample items. For any given county, a sample 
item total was estimated by multiplying the data items for 
each farm in the county by the corresponding sample 
weight and summing overall sample records in the county. 

Each sample farm was assigned one sample weight to 
be used to produce estimates for all sample items. For 
example, if the weight given to a sample farm had the 
value 5, all sample data items reported by that farm would 
be multiplied by 5. The weight assigned a certainty farm 
was 1 . The estimation procedure used to assign weights 
was performed for each county. 

Within a county, the ratio estimation procedure for farms 
was performed in three steps using three variables. The 
first variable contained eight 1 987 total value of agricultural 
production (TVP) groups. Both the second and third 
variables. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code and 
farm acreage, contained two groups. The variable groups 
were as follows: 



C-2 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



SIC 

01 All crops 

02 All live- 
stock 



Acres 

0to69 
70 or more 



TVP 

$1 to $999 
$1,000 to $ 2,499 

$2,500 to $ 4,999 
$5,000 to $ 9,999 
$10,000 to $24,999 
$25,000 to $49,999 
$50,000 to $99,999 
$100,000 or more 

The first step in the estimation procedure was to parti- 
tion the sample records into 32 mutually exclusive initial 
post strata formed by combining the three variable groups. 
This produced a three dimensional array where the cells of 
the array corresponded to the initial post strata groups. 
Each sample farm record was assigned an initial weight 
equal to the ratio of the total farm count to the sample farm 
count, expanded for nonresponse estimation, for the cell 
containing the sample farm. This weight was approxi- 
mately equal to the inverse of the probability of selecting a 
farm for the census sample. 

The second step in the estimation procedure was to 
combine, if necessary, the cells of the array (prior to the 
repeated ratio estimation) to increase the reliability of the 
ratio estimation procedure. Any cell within the array that 
either contained less than 10 sample farms or had a ratio 
of total farms to sample farms that was more than 2 times 
the mail sample rate was collapsed with another cell (in the 
same variable) according to a specified collapsing pattern. 
New total farm counts and sample farm counts were 
computed for each of the collapsed cells (final post strata) 
and were used in the ratio estimation procedure to calcu- 
late final sample weights. 

In the third step in the ratio estimation procedure, 
complete counts for the three variables (TVP, SIC, acre- 
age) were used to compute the marginals of the array 
defined by the final post strata. Factors were then applied 
to expanded sample totals in each cell of the array to 
obtain agreement with the row marginal (TVP) complete 
counts. The sample totals then had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the column marginal (SIC) complete 
counts. Lastly, the sample totals had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the depth marginal (acreage) com- 
plete counts. This procedure that requires the row totals, 
then the column totals, and then the depth totals to agree 
with the complete counts for the rows, columns, and 
depths, respectively, is continued iteratively until the pro- 
cess converges (the marginal totals agree with the com- 
plete count totals). 

The ratio of the adjusted total farm count to the sample 
farm count obtained from the second iteration of the 
estimation procedure was the noninteger final post stratum 
sample weight assigned to the sample farm records in that 
post stratum. The noninteger sample weight, the product 
of the noninteger final post stratum sample weight and the 
nonresponse weight, was randomly rounded to an integer 
weight for tabulation. If, for example, the final weight for the 



farms in a particular group was 7.2, then one-fifth of the 
sample farms in this group were randomly assigned a 
weight of 8 and the remaining four-fifths received a weight 
of 7. 



CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR 

Sampling error in the census data results from the 
nonresponse sample and the census sample data collec- 
tion. Census items were classified as either complete 
count or sample data items. The complete count items 
were asked of all farm operators. The complete count data 
items included land in farms, harvested cropland, livestock 
inventory and sales, crop acreages, quantities harvested 
and crop sales, land use, irrigation, government loans and 
payments, conservation acreage, type of organization, and 
operator characteristics (sections 1 through 22 of the 
census report form). Variability in the complete count data 
items is considerably smaller than in the sample items as 
the variation is due only to the nonresponse sample 
estimation procedure. The sample items were asked of 
approximately 25 percent of the total census farm opera- 
tors. The sample data items included farm production 
expenditures, fertilizer and chemical usage, farm machin- 
ery and equipment, value of land and buildings, and 
farm-related income (sections 23 through 28 of the census 
report form). Variability in the estimates of sample items is 
due both to the census sample selection and estimation 
procedure and the nonresponse sample estimation proce- 
dure. 

The sample for the 1987 Census of Agriculture is one of 
a large number of possible samples of the same size that 
could have been selected using the same sample design. 
Estimates derived from the different samples would differ 
from each other. The difference between a sample esti- 
mate and the average of all possible sample estimates is 
called the sampling deviation. The standard error or sam- 
pling error of a survey estimate is a measure of the 
variation among the estimates from all possible samples, 
and thus is a measure of the precision with which an 
estimate from a particular sample approximates the aver- 
age result of all possible samples. The percent relative 
standard error of estimate is defined as the standard error 
of the estimate divided by the value being estimated 
multiplied by 100. If all possible samples were selected, 
each of the samples were surveyed under essentially the 
same conditions, and an estimate and its standard error 
were calculated from each sample, then: 

1 . Approximately 67 percent of the intervals from one 
standard error below the estimate to one standard 
error above the estimate would include the average 
value of all possible samples. 

2. Approximately 90 percent of the intervals from 1 .65 
standard errors below the estimate to 1 .65 standard 
errors above the estimate would include the aver- 
age value of all possible samples. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-3 



The computations involved to define the above confi- 
dence statements are illustrated in the following example. 
Assume that the estimate of number of farms for the State 
is 94,382 and the relative standard error of the estimate 
(percent) is .1 percent (0.001). Multiplying 94,382 by 0.001 
yields 94, the standard error. Therefore, a 67-percent 
confidence interval is 94,288 to 94,476 (i.e., 94,382 plus or 
minus 94). If corresponding confidence intervals were 
constructed for all possible samples of the same size and 
design, approximately 2 out of 3 (67 percent) of these 
intervals would contain the figure obtained from a com- 
plete enumeration. Similarly, a 90 percent confidence 
interval is 94,227 to 94,538 (i.e., 94,382 plus or minus 1 .65 
x94). 

Tables B and C provide the reliability estimates of the 
estimated number of farms in a county reporting complete 
count and sample items, respectively. Both tables show 
the percent relative standard errors for selected estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting an item.These are 
derived from a regression equation. The parameters of the 
regression equation were estimated using the estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting the complete count 
or sample item as the independent variable and the 
standard error of that estimate as the dependent variable 
for all counties in the State. 



Table B. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Complete Count Item: 
1987 



Number of farms reporting; 

25 

50 

75 

100 

150 

200 

300 

500 

750 

1,000 

1,500 

2,000 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



19.6 
17.0 
14.4 
12.8 
10.9 
9.7 
8.2 
6.7 
5.7 
5.0 
4.3 
(NA) 



Note: Complete count items are items in sections 1 to 22 of tlie report 
form. 



To illustrate the use of these tables, assume that the 
estimate of the number of farms reporting hogs and pigs 
for a particular county, as given in county table 12, is 89. 
Since hogs and pigs is a complete count data item, refer to 
table B and select the estimated relative standard error of 
the estimate from the row whose value is equal to or just 
less than the estimated number of farms, 89. For this 
example, the relative standard error of the estimate comes 
from the row for 75 farms reporting. For sample data items, 
follow the same procedure using table C. In counties that 
had less than 100 farms in the 1982 Census of Agriculture, 
table C does not apply because the farms in these 



counties were sampled with certainty (1 in 1), and thus, the 
reliability estimates for the number of farms in these 
counties are smaller than for counties that were sampled 
at lower rates (1 in 2 or 1 in 6). 

Table C. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Number of farms reporting: 

25 

50 

75 

100 

150 

200 

300 

500 

750 

1,000 

1,500 

2,000 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



63.1 
44.8 
36.9 
32.2 
26.7 
23.4 
19.5 
15.6 
13.1 
11.6 
9.8 
(NA) 



Note: Sample items are items in sections 23 to 28 of the report form. 

Table D presents the relative standard error of selected 
State data items for all farms and for all farms with sales of 
$10,000 or more. The percent relative standard error of the 
estimate for complete count data measures the variation 
associated with the sample-based adjustment for whole 
farm nonresponse. The percent relative standard error of 
the estimate for sample items measures both the sampling 
error due to the nonresponse sample estimation procedure 
and the census sample selection and estimation proce- 
dure. The reliability of State estimates may vary substan- 
tially from State to State. Generally, State estimates for a 
given data item are less reliable than the corresponding 
U.S. estimate. 

Table E presents the standard error (not relative stand- 
ard error) for percent change in State totals from 1982 to 
1 987. The general purpose of the percent change estimate 
is to provide a relative measure of the difference in a 
characteristic between censuses. The relative change for 
a given characteristic is defined as the ratio of the differ- 
ence of the 1987 and the 1982 estimate for that charac- 
teristic to the 1982 estimate. This ratio is multiplied by 100 
to obtain the percent change. The percent standard error 
of a percent change estimate, then, is the standard error of 
the ratio multiplied by 100. 

Table F presents the relative standard error for county 
totals for 10 major complete count items and 7 sample 
items. The relative standard error of the estimate (percent) 
for the same item differs among counties in a State. 
Reasons for this are differences among counties in (1) the 
total number of farms, (2) the number of large farms 
included with certainty, (3) the size classifications of the 
farms sampled, (4) the amount of nonresponse, (5) the 
general agricultural characteristics, and (6) the specific 
characteristic being measured. 



C-4 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR 

The accuracy of the census counts are affected by the 
joint effects of the sampling errors described in the previ- 
ous section and nonsampling errors. Extensive efforts 
were made to compile a complete and accurate mail list for 
the census, to design an understandable report form and 
instructions, and to minimize processing errors through the 
use of quality control, verification, and check measures on 
specific operations. Nonsampling errors arise from incom- 
pleteness of the census mail list, duplication in the mail list, 
incorrect data reporting, errors in editing of reported data, 
and errors in imputation for missing data. These specific 
nonsampling errors are further discussed in this section. 
Evaluation studies will be conducted to measure the extent 
of certain nonsampling errors such as coverage error, 
classification error, and item imputation. 

Census Coverage 

The main objective of the census of agriculture is to 
obtain a complete and accurate enumeration of U.S. farms 
with accurate data on all aspects of the agricultural oper- 
ation. However, the cost and availability of resources for 
this enumeration place restrictions on operationally feasi- 
ble data collection methodologies. The past five agricul- 
ture censuses have been conducted by mail enumeration 
with telephone contact for selected nonrespondents. The 
completeness of such an enumeration thus depends to a 
large extent on the coverage of farm operations by the 
census mail list. 

Historically, the census of agriculture has included 
approximately 90 percent of the farms in the United States 
and over 96 percent of the agricultural production. Com- 
plete enumeration of agricultural operations satisfying the 
farm definition of $1,000 or more in agricultural sales is 
complicated by fluctuations in agricultural operations qual- 
ifying for enumeration, the variety of arrangements under 
which farms are operated, the multiplicity of names used 
by an operation, the number of operations in which an 
operator participates, the accuracy of data reporting, etc. A 
new mail list is compiled for each census because no 
current single list of agricultural operations is comprehen- 
sive. 

An evaluation of census coverage has been conducted 
for each census of agriculture since 1945. The evaluation 
provides estimates of the completeness of census farm 
count and major census data items. In addition, the 
evaluation helps to identify problems in the census enu- 
meration and provide information that can form the basis 
for improvements. The results of the 1987 Coverage 
Evaluation program will be published in volume 2, part 2. 

The evaluation of coverage conducted in 1987 was 
designed to measure errors in the census mail list and in 
farm classification. Mail list error includes a measurement 
of farms not on the census mail list (undercount), and a 
measurement of farms enumerated more than once in the 



census (overcount). Classification error includes a mea- 
surement of farms classified as nonfarms in the census 
(undercount) and of nonfarms classified as farms in the 
census (overcount). Classification error arises from report- 
ing and processing errors. Mail list undercount dominates 
all coverage errors. Net coverage error is defined as the 
difference of undercounted and overcounted farms. Mea- 
surements of these errors, as well as a description of the 
complete coverage program, will be available in the Cov- 
erage Evaluation report. 

Mail List Coverage 

A major problem with the use of a mail list for the census 
of agriculture enumeration is the difficulties that are encoun- 
tered in compiling a complete list. The percentage of farms 
on the census mail list varies considerably by State. 
Several reasons have contributed to farm operators' names 
not being included on the census mail list — the operation 
may have been started after the mail list was developed, 
the operation may be so small as not to appear in 
agricultural related source lists used in compiling the 
census list, or the operation may have been falsely clas- 
sified as a nonfarm prior to mailout. A large proportion of 
the farms not included on the mail list were small in both 
acres and sales of agricultural products. 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture Coverage Evaluation 
used the area segment sample of the 1987 June Enumer- 
ative Survey (JES) of the National Agricultural Statistical 
Sen/ice (NASS) to estimate farms not on the census mail 
list. The Census Bureau contracted with the NASS to 
augment the JES data collection and receive survey data 
under the confidentiality protection afforded by Title 13, 
U.S. Code, from all residents of area sample segments 
with agricultural activity. These survey records were matched 
to the census mail list. Records that did not match were 
mailed a census of agriculture report form to estimate mail 
list coverage. Estimates of farms not on the census mail 
list used the capture-recapture dual frame estimator that 
will be described in the Coverage Evaluation report. 

Table G provides coverage evaluation estimates of the 
number of farms not on the mail list and selected charac- 
teristics of those farms with their percent relative standard 
error. The table also provides an estimate of characteris- 
tics of farms not on the mail list as a percentage of total 
farms in the New England States. The estimate of total 
farms in the New England States is based on census farm 
count and the estimated number of farms not on the 
census mail list. This estimate of total farms in the New 
England States was not adjusted for classification and list 
duplication errors. Estimates of these errors will be made 
at the regional level and will be available in the Coverage 
Evaluation report. The table provides the standard error 
(not relative standard error) of this percent estimate. 

Respondent and Enumerator Error 

Incorrect or incomplete responses to the mailed census 
report form or to the questions posed by a telephone 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-5 



enumerator introduce error into the census data. Such 
incorrect information can lead, in some cases, to incorrect 
enumeration of farms. This type of reporting error is 
measured by the Classification Error Study discussed later 
in this section. To reduce all types of reporting error, 
questions were phrased as clearly as possible based on 
tests of the census report form, and detailed instructions 
for completing the report form were provided to each 
addressee. In addition, each respondent's answers were 
checked for completeness and consistency. 

Item Nonresponse 

Nonresponse to particular questions on the census 
report that we would logically or statistically expect to be 
present may create a type of nonsampling error in both 
complete count and sample data. When information reported 
for another farm with similar characteristics is used to edit 
or impute for item nonresponse, the data may be biased 
because the characteristics of the nonrespondents have 
not been observed and may differ from those reported by 
respondents. Any attempt to correct the data for nonre- 
sponse may not completely reflect this difference either at 
the element level (individual farm operation) or on the 
average. 

Processing Error 

The many steps of processing of each census report 
form are sources for the introduction of nonsampling error. 
The processing of the census report forms includes cleri- 
cal screening for farm activity, computerized check-in of 
report forms and followup of nonrespondents, keying and 
transmittal of completed report forms, computerized edit- 
ing of inconsistent and missing data, review and correction 
of individual records referred from the computer edit, 
review and correction of tabulated data, and electronic 
data processing. These operations undergo a number of 
quality control checks to ensure as accurate an application 
as possible, yet some errors are not detected and cor- 
rected. 

Classification Error 

An evaluation study of classification errors was con- 
ducted in the 1987 Census of Agriculture as part of the 
census coverage evaluation program. A sample of mail list 
respondents was selected, and these addresses reenu- 
merated to determine whether they were a farm or non- 
farm. A farm status determination was made based on the 
evaluation questionnaire and compared with the status 
based on the data reported on the census form. Differ- 
ences in status were reconciled. 

In past censuses, the proportion of farms undercounted 
due to classification errors was higher for farms with small 
values of sales. The classification error rate was higher for 
(1) livestock farms than crop farms, (2) farms with a small 



number of acres than larger farms, or (3) tenant farms than 
full or part-owner farms. Results from the 1987 classifica- 
tion error study will be published in the Coverage Evalua- 
tion report. 



EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 
NONRESPONSE 

For the 1987 Census of Agriculture, as in previous 
censuses, all reported data were keyed and then edited by 
computer. The edits were used to determine whether the 
reports met the minimum criteria to be counted as farms in 
the census. Computer edits also performed a series of 
complex, logical checks of consistency and completeness 
of item responses. They provided the basis for deciding to 
accept, impute (supply), delete, or alter the reported value 
for each data record item. 

Whenever possible, edit imputations, deletions, and 
changes were based on component or related data on the 
respondent's report form. For some items, such as oper- 
ator characteristics, data from the previous census were 
used when available. Values for other missing or unaccept- 
able reported data items were calculated based on reported 
quantities and known price parameters. 

When these and similar methods were not available and 
values had to be supplied, the imputation process used 
information reported for another farm operation in a geo- 
graphically adjacent area with characteristics similar to 
those of the farm operation with incomplete data. For 
example, a farm operation that reported acres of corn 
harvested, but did not report quantity of corn harvested, 
was assigned the same bushels of corn per acre harvested 
as that of the last nearby farm with similar characteristics 
that reported acceptable yields during that particular exe- 
cution of the computer edit. The imputation for missing 
items in each section of the report form was conducted 
separately; thus, assigned values for one operation could 
come from more than one respondent. 

Prior to the imputation operation, a set of default values 
and relationships were assigned to the possible imputation 
variables. The relationships and values varied depending 
on the item being imputed. For example, different default 
values were assigned for several standard industrial clas- 
sification and total value of sales categories when imputing 
hired farm labor expenses. These values and item relation- 
ships for the possible imputation variables were stored in 
the computer in a series of matrices. The computer 
records were sorted by reported State and county, where 
the county sequence was based on similar types of farms 
and agricultural practices. 

Each execution of the computer edit consisted of records 
from only one State. For a given execution of the edit, the 
stored entries in the various matrices were retained in the 
computer only until a succeeding record having acceptable 
characteristics for some sections of the report form was 
processed by the computer. Then the acceptable responses 



C-6 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



of the succeeding operation replaced those previously 
stored. When a record processed through the edit had 
unreported or unacceptable data, the record was assigned 
the last acceptable ratio or response from an operation 
with a similar set of characteristics. Once each execution 
of the computer edit for a State was completed, the 
possible imputation variables were reset to the default 
values and relationships for subsequent executions. 

After the initial computer edit, keyed reports not meeting 
the census farm definition were reviewed to ensure that 



the data were keyed correctly. Edit refen-ais were gener- 
ated for about 30 percent of the reports included as farms, 
and they were also reviewed for keying accuracy and to 
ensure that the computer edit actions were con-ect. If the 
results of the computer edit were not acceptable, correc- 
tions were made and the record was reedited. More 
extensive discussions of the edit and item imputation 
methodology with measures of the extent of imputation in 
the census estimates will be provided in a separate 
research report. 



Tables D through G follow. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-7 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations i 



I symbols, see introductory text] 



1 sales of $10,000 or more 



ue of land and buildings^ 

Average per farm 

Average per acre. 



10 to 49 ac 
SO to 179 t 



180 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres - 
2,000 acres or more . 

Total cropland .__ 

Harvested cropland __ 



50 to 99 acres . 



100 to 199 acres. 
200 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing . 
Other cropland 



1 to 49 acres . 
SO to 99 acres . 



I products sold $1,000. 



$2,500 to $4,999 — ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
$5,000 to $9,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$10,000 to $24,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$25,000 to $49,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$50,000 to $99,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$100,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales by commodity or commodity group: 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Grains _.. $1,000. 

Com lor grain $1,000. 

Wheat $1,000. 

Soybeans $1,000. 

Sorghum for grain $1,000. 

Barley $1,000. 

Oats __ $1,000. 



See footnotes at end of t; 

C-8 APPENDIX C 



27 974 

2 453 

257 096 



5 919 
592 309 

5 466 
410 891 



96 632 
125 711 



6 078 




82 296 


1 081 


334 621 


362 




93 


121 207 


30 


87 745 


2 532 




2 437 



39 917 

614 

83 942 

431 

123 054 

54 

34 036 

19 

30 459 

1 045 
50 951 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Sales by commodity or commodity group-Con. 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops— Con. 

Cotton and cottonseed- $1 

Tobacco $1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds $ 

Vegetables, sweet com. and melons $ 

Fnjits. nuts, and hemes $ 

Nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000. 

Other crops $ 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$1 

Poultry and poultry products $1 

Dairy products $1 

Cattle and calves $1 

Hogs and pigs $1 

Sheep, lambs, and wool $1 

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) __ $1 

Farms by standard industrial classification: 
Cash grains (011) U 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) farms. 

Vegetables and melons (016) farms. 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) _ I 

Horticultural specialties (018) _ I 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 1 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (021) I 

Dairy fams (024) I 

Poultry and eggs (025) _ _ I 

Animal specialties (027) I 

acres. 
General famns. pnmanly livestock and animal specialties (029) ..- I 

acres. 
Farms by type of organization: 
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms 

Partnership farms 

Corporatiori farnis 

acres 
Other -cooperative, estate or trust, ihstitutiorial, etc. _ .-. farms 

Tenure of operator: 
Full owners farms 

Part owners farms 

Tenants farms 

Operators by principal occupation: 
Farming farms 

Other _ farms 

Operators by sex: 
Male farms 

Female _ farms 

Average age of operator years 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment programs farms 

Conservation reserve program farms. 

Government payments: 

Amount received in cash _ $1,000, 

Value of certificates received $1,000 

Net cash return from agricultural sales': 

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text) farms 

$1,000 
Average per farm __ dollars 

Farms with net gains^ number 

$1,000 

Farms with net losses number 

$1,000 

Total farni production expenses' farms 

$1,000 

Livestock and poultry purchased __ farms 

$1,000 

Feed for livestock and poultry ___ _, farms. 

$1,000 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 

izer farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



7 255 

8 221 
30 660 



25 171 

1 730 

475 249 



313 042 

216 

27 788 



3 220 
912 895 

3 049 
429 693 



322 602 

85 

15 885 



2 525 
10 684 

3 252 
16 437 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-9 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987 -Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations < 



! introductory text] 



Relative standard 
(percent) 



Total farm production expenses — Con. 

$1,000 
Petroleum products farms 

$1,000 
Electricity farms 

$1,000 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000 
Contract labor _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Repair and maintenance _ farms. 

$1,000. 

Customwork. machine tiire, and rental of macfiinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Interest farms. 

$1,000. 
Casfi rent farms. 

$1,000. 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 

poultry: 

Cattle and calves inventory _ farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 
Hogs and pigs inventory (arms. 

number. 
Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

Hens and pullets of laying age inventory farms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms- 
Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

acres, 
tons, green. 

Oats for grain farms. 

bushels! 

Irish potatoes farms. 

CM. 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. 

(see text) farms. 

acres, 
tons, dry. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms. 



3 672 
221 675 
393 393 



3 682 

188 

5 652 422 



C-10 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table E. Reliability Estimates of Percent Change in State Totals: 1982 to 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of SIO.C 



Farms - number. 

Land in farms acres. 

Value of land and buildings^: 

Average per fami — - dollars. 

Total cropland farms. 

acres. 
Harvested cropland _ - farms. 

Irrigated land farms. 

acres. 

Marltet value of agricultural products sold farms. 

$1,000. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products _ farms. 

$1,000 

Poultry and poultry products - farms, 

$1,000 

Selected farm production expenses': 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms, 

$1,000 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms 

$1,000 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees - — farms 

$1,000 

farms 

$1,000. 

_ farms. 

$1,000. 

Hired farm labor ___ farms. 

$1,000. 

Interest^ farms. 

$1,000. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs - farms. 

number. 

Hens and pullets of laying age — farms. 

number. 
Selected crops harvested: 

Corn for grain or seed farms. 

acres. 

Sorghum for grain or seed farms. 

acres 

Wheat for grain - farms 

acres 

Soybeans for beans — farms 

acres 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. 

(see text) - -- farnis 

acres 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) __ farms 

acres 

Land in orchards farms 



'Data are based on a sample of fi 
2Data for 1987 Include cost of cus 
^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-11 



Table F. Reliability Estimates of County Totals: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



(percent) 



and buildings per farm' 



I market \ 
of all machinery f 
equipment' 



Harvested cropland 



Androscoggi 
Aroostook .. 
Cumberland 
Franklin — 
Hancock ... 
Kennebec .. 

O)rford 

Penobscot.. 
Piscataquis . 
Sagadatioc . 
Somerset... 

Waldo 

Wastiington. 



329 971 
57 745 
44 217 
50 026 

112 203 



70 813 
132 717 
38 391 



112 332 
85 137 
85 734 



151 158 
224 772 
226 082 
244 018 
137 480 
198 536 
160 572 
135 210 
229 758 
179 950 
187 317 
222 104 
254 437 



23 016 
135 067 
19 389 



32 303 
23 629 
18 781 
18 420 



Relative 
standard 
error of 



Relative 
error of 
(percent) 



Androscoggin 
Aroostook ... 
Cumberland . 

Hancock 

Kennebec ... 
Knox 

Oxford '.'.'.'.'.'. 

Penobscot... 
Piscataquis .. 
Sagadatioc . . 

Somerset 

Waldo 

Wastiington.. 



19 045 

2 362 

3 228 



71 083 
98 829 
13 077 
7 312 



3 250 
20 069 
32 140 
11 683 
30 160 



Selected farm production 



Petroleum products 



Androscoggin 
Aroostook ... 
Cumberland . 

Franklin 

Hancock 

Kennebec ... 

Oxford '.'.'.'.'.'. 

Penobscot... 
Piscataquis.. 
Sagadatioc .. 

Somerset 

Waldo - 

Wastiington.. 



'Data i 



C-12 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table G. New England States Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the Mail 
1987 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



List: 



Not on mail list 



Percent not on mail list 



Standard error of percent 



Land iriterrns ' 


acres" 


Farms by size: 














acres.. 


Farms by value of sales: 


farms 


Less than $2 500 




$2 500 to $9 999 


farnis 


$10,000 or more 


farms.. 


Market value of agricultural products sold 


$1.000.. 


Farms by standard industrial classification: 


farms 


Live'stock (02) 


farms.. 


Farms by tenure of operator: 


farnis 


Part owners 


farms 


Tenants 


farms- 


Operators by priricipal occupation: 


farms 






Averaae age of operator 


years- 



Note 2: Detail may not add to total due to rounding. 

Note 3: New England States include Connecticut. Maine. Massachusetts. New Hampshire, Rhode Island, 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-13 



APPENDIX D. 
Report Form and Information Sheet 



DUE BY FEBRUARY 1 . 088 



• 87-A0201 




UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



J not available, reasonable estimates may ba 
you cannot file by Febnjary 1 . a time extension tequest may be 
I the above address. Include your 1 2-character Census File 
r ICFN) as shown in your address label in all correspondence to 



1 3, U.S. Codol. By the same law YOUR REPORT TO 



, and ZtP CcKlB. eNTBR strooT and number if not shown 



ACREAGE IN 1987 Report land owned, rented, or used 
by you, your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or 
organization for which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, 
REGARDLESS OF LOCATION OR USE - cropland, 
pastureland, rangeland, woodland, idle land, house lots, etc. 

In 1987 



In 19877 



1 . All land owned 

2. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land worked 
by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for services, 
payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, and railroad 
land. (00 NOT include land used on a per-head basis under a 
grazing permit.) Also c 



3. Allli 



4. Acres in "THIS PLACE" — ADD acres owned (item II 
and acres rented (item 2), then SUBTRACT acres rented 
TO OTHERS (item 3), and enter the result in this space 



< "THIS PLACE.- 



If the entry is zero please refer to the INFORM A TION SHEET, section 1 . 
5 . If you rented land FROM OTHERS (item 21, enter the following information for each landlord. 



Mailing address (Include ZIP Code) Number of acres 



B. Of the land you rented or leased to others, how many 
acres did you own? 

7. Did you have any grazing permits on a pet head basis? 



□ 



OB4 / 3 LH Forest Service 

, n Yes - Mar* (XI all bo„es wh,c^ apply ,.] '^ Taylor Grazing Sec. 3 (BLM) 

j 5 U Indian Land 

J □ No - GotoitemB ( 6 □ Other SpecHVj 



8. LOCATION OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY FOR "THIS PLACE" 



t value of your 
iltural products 
j or produced? . . . . 

b. If you also had agricultural 



county name(s), etc. 



2. Com (field) for s 



3. Soybeans for beans 

4. Beans, dry edible . . 
B. Wheat for grain . . . 

6. Oats for grain 

7. Barley for grain .... 



□ 

D 
D 
□ 
□ 
D 

8. Rye for grain □ 

9. Sorghum tor grain 

or seed □ 

10. Sorghum for silage or 

f*. □ 

n 

n 



1 1 . Tobacco - all types 
1 2- Potatoes. Irish .... 



^^ 1 n YES - Comp/«. till* »»cf«oo jDNO-Gofoset 
II cuttings »,ere mada lor both dry har and grass silage, haylaga. or graen chop 
from the seme fields, report the acreage in the appropriate items under DHY 
HAY and also under GRASS SILAGE. HA YLAGE. and GREEN CHOP. 

1. DRY HAY (If two or more cuttings of dry 



m. Alfalfa and alfalfa n 

hay or dehydrating 

b. Small grain hay — oats, wheat. 

barley, rye. etc 

c. Other tame dry hay - clover, lesped 

timothy, Sudangrass. meadow and 

pasture grasses, etc 



d. Wild hay 

2. GRASS SILAGE. HAVLAGE. AND 

GREEN CHOP (If two or mom cutting, 



Acres 


Quantity 


Acres 
irrigated 










IT- 












'" 




... 


Xn 


„r 



PCHALTYFOR FAILURE TO REPORT 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-1 



LMawiiwan ■i.^.^uEncTapicc cwccTfnnii Mcintic ^ ■..—.^cnB 



■THIS PLACE" in 19877 (Do not include 



.n YES 

zD NO 



2. From the list below, enter the crop r 



) and code for each crop harvested in 1 987, 



iD YES 
lU NO 



From the list below, enter crop name and code. Rapon < 



Wm anr OTHER CROPS harvnted from "THIS PLACE" In 1 987 - 
graint, field taeda, or ottwr crops not prmrlously rsportad? 
^, (Report fniH in Mtetlon 8.1 

1 □ YES — CetwtpIMm thim m»ct§on 

zD NO - GorosertonS 

For those crops not listed enter the crop name and code from the list below. 



Sweetpotatoes and yams 



Code Acres 



Were any NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS, MUSHROOMS, aod, 
bulbt, flowar*, flower l ae d i, vegatable seeds and plants, »eg alabl e s under 
glass or other protection, GROWN FOR SALE on "THIS PLACE" In 1 9877 



" , D YES 

sD NO - GotOiKtlcne 

None 
1 . Nursery and greenhouse crops irrigated in 1 987 . .Q 



2. From the li 



! and code for each crop grown. 



Acres in the open 



Sales in 1987 



Crop nam* Code . Crap name 

Bedding plants (Include vegetatila plants) 479 Potted Rowering p 

Bulbs /exclude bulb flowering plents) . . «82 I Mushrooma . . . 

irlat greens 486 Sod 



Nursery crops — ornomei 



Peas. 



Salt°ha 
Sorghui 

Sorghui 



walghtl . . 



Wasthareaci 

" , n YES • 
zD NO 
. TOTAL ACRES in bearing a 



■ FRUIT TREES, 



1 nonbearing fruit orchards, vineyards. 



GRAPEVINES and NUT TREES, on "THIS PLACE" bi 1 9877 



I imgated 



Crop name 




NUMBER OF 
TREES OR VINES OF - 


Acres In trees 

and vines of 

all ages 


Quentity 
harvested 


Unit of measure 1 




Nonbearing 
age 


Bearing 
age 


Lbs. 


T«» 


- 


z. 


Whole acre. iTemt^ 


Apples 


123 






1 /10 




;n 


2a 


3n'" 


Grapes 


177 




.78 


1 /10 




:□ 


,a 


,□1- 


Sweet cherries 


345 








3« 


,a 


jD 


sdI"" 


Tart cfwrries 


S87 






] /10 




Vh 


,n 


sOl 










1 /10 




,a 


jD 


sD] 








' 


1 /10 


^ 


. □ 


20 


sO 1 



D-2 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



mimi s mi 



GROSS VALUE of CROPS SOLO from "THIS PLACE" in 1 987, BEFORE 

s, Uam and aipantn IRefer to the INFORMATION SHEET, section 9.) 
Report Your best estimate of the value for each of the following gmups of crops sold 
from this place in 1 987. Include the value of the landlord's and/oi 
estimating if necessary. Include value of Government CCC loans. 



c . Soybeans 

d. Sorghum for g 



3. Hay, silage, field seeds, and grass seeds 

4. Vegetables, sweet com, and melons— toortotina 

5. Fiuits, nuts, and berries - apples, peaches, grapes, 
cherries, cranbemes, strawberries, blueberries, etc. 

6. Other crops - Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, etc. 






How wen the ACRES m Hih place USED in 19877 



1 . Copy acres in "THIS PLACE" from section 1 , item 4, page 1 
MOTE: for items 2 to 5 betow. if lartd >vss used for mote than one i 
report it In The FIftST land use nsted beloYir that applies. For example 
iiarvested end also pastured, onty as "Croptand harvested. " 



iras cut. and an land ii 
b. Cropland used only for pasture or grazing - 



. Cropland on which all crops failed— f Exception: Do r 



a. Cropland in cultivated s 
f . Cropland idle 



T and deforested It 



[ a. Woodland pastured . . . . 
I b. Woodland not pastured . 



5. Ail other land — Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland. 



6. TOTAL ACRES -Add that 



□ YES 

□ NO 



How many acres of harvested land \ 

Irydude tend from wliich twy was cut anc 

rTonbearIng fruit arui nut t:rops reported in section 10. item 2a. - . . 

2. How many acres of pastureland. rangeland. and any other 
lands not included in item 1 above were irrigated? 



irrigated? 



D YES 

□ NO - Goto 



ai.iawil.h'lliltEl i^, ,.. ■ ■ ■ ... ^^.^.T--^..^.;. — ^-p. ...r.^-r, 

"'t D YES - Con^fMIM. «««<>. 

2 n NO - Gotoaec«cw.I4 



' DECEMBER 31, 1887 INVENTORY 



.HEIFERS AND HEIFER CALVES - (Do r 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31. 1987 



I 500 pounds n 

n 



. Of the total cattle sold, how many were 
FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or 
CONCENTRATES for 30 days or more 
and SOLD for SLAUGHTER? □ 



I Did reu or anron* alaa ha** any HOGS or PIGS on thit plaea In 1 9877 

'i n YES 
2 n NO 



ytosaction 15 
' DECEMBER 31, 1887 INVENTORY 



1.HOGSandPIGSofallagesfTot./ofa»KJi.i>rtow) ... n 

a . HOGS and PIGS used or to be used for BREEDING D 

b.OTHER HOGS and PIGS D 

• LITTERS FARROWED 

2. UTTERS FARROWED on this place between - """^ 
a.December 1,1986 and May 31. 1987 □ 

b. June 1. 1987 and November 30. 1987 n 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31. 1987 



' HOGS AND PIGS SOLD 



D 

r'fwdiiig"?"' D 



giaagfll»aiaH l>IH .»..»«..«»» rf»i»n»»n,SHFFP»IAMBS on tl.l.rrf««lin19877 



D YES - OnvtowtM.. 
D NO — Go to section II 



I.EWES1 year old or older . 



2. SHEEP and LA^flBS SHORN 



INVENTORY 
Number on this 
ce Dec. 31. 1987 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-3 



INVENTORY 



Dec. 31, 1987 



2. Colonies of bees. 



E 



».-»w«iih'ai«l Wd Tou Of amona «b« ham am HORSES. BEES. nSH. GOAT8. 

OTHER LrVESTOCK. or ANIMAL SPECIALTIES on this placa in 1 987? 

]□ YES - Cofnptou Iftb arclton 2 □ NO - Go to section 



4. Angora goats . 
6. Other goats . . 



7. Mink and their 



8. Rabbits and their 



Total quantity sold 
In 1987 


Gn,» value of sales 


Ooll.r. 1 Cents 


___OR--''.2Hn'<i 


S P 00 



aawimtfM 



1 n YES 

2 n NO - Go I 

1 . HENS and PULLETS of laying age 

2. PULLETS for laying flock i 
a .PULLETS 3 months old or older not yet of laying age □ 



4. TURKEYS 

a .Turkeys for slaughter (Do not include breeoers.l . . . □ 
b.Turkey HENS kept for breeding D 



INVENTORY 

Number on 

this place 

Dec. 31. 1987 



Cod* 
SOS 
910 



Quail ... 
AD other IX 
SpecrfK. 



7. Incubator egg capacity on December 31,1 987 . □ 



8. What was the gross value of sales of 
poultry and poultry products (eggs, 
etc.) from this place in 1 9877 



Gross value of sales 



11987 from 
flutor and reserve loant. ei 

b. Wheat 

c.Soybeans 

d. Sorghum, bariey, and oats 
.Tobacco, rye, and honey 



Paynnnts racahrsd for paitlclpstton In FEDERAL FARM PROGRAMS 
In 1 987 rOO fVOr IHCLUDE CCC laant.) Refer to INFORMA VON 
SHECT, section 19. . 



1 . Amount receivad in cash 

2. Value of certifiCBtea received — payment-in-kind (P1KI 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 



. FAMILY or INDIVIDUAL operation 

(Do not Include pennership Si ' 
■ PARTNERSHIP operation —include lemily 
partnerships 

' INCORPORATED UNDER STATE LAW 

' OTHER, such as estate or trust, prison farm, grazing 



the type of organization for 

(on 20 



n Goto. 



1 . Is this a family-held corporation? 

2. Are there more tfian 10 ! 



DYes 
, DYes 



.DNc 



2. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which occupation 
did the operator spend the majority (50 percent or 
more) of his/her worlrtime in 1 9877 For f 

J partnership together. 



3. OFF- FARM WORK - How many days did the operator 
(senior partner or person in charge) work at least 
4 hours per day off this place in 19877 —include work 

Bt B nontBim /ob. bus/ness, or on someone else's farm for 
pay. (Do not Include excharyge farmwork. I 



DNo 



1 □ Farniing 2 □ Other 

or ranching 

^1 n None 

2 n 1-49 days 

I 3 n 50-99 days 
I 4 n 100- 149 days 
bD 150-199 days 
I . n 200 days or more 



6. AGE of operator (senior partner or person in charge) 



6. RACE of operator (senior partner or person in charge) 



Years old 

' 1 n White 

2 n Negro or Black 

3 n American Indian 

4 n Asian or Pacific 

Islander 
e □ Other - Spocifv. 



7. SEX of operator (senior | 



8. SPANISH ORIGIN - Is the c 

or person in charge) of Spanish origin or descent 

rto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish)? . 



. a Male 2 n Fern 
. a Yes 2 n No 



D-4 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



JM J4iltlJI>*n panniirrinM pkppmsps „m h. .«■. .nri »«»,. >~ tt-t. 



Include your best estimates of expenses paid by you, your landlord, contractors, 
buyers, and others for production of crops, livestock, and other agricultural products 
in 1 987. (DO NOT INCLUDE expenses connected with perfomiing customwork fof 
others; operation of nonfarm activities, businesses, or services; or household 
expenses not related to the farm business! 



■ cattle, cakes, 
hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, goats, horses, chicks, poults, 
pullets, etc 



Dollars 'Cents 



3 . Safld cost — for com, other grains, soytjeans, tobacco. 



Hlzer purchased — all 

forms, including rock phosphate and gypsum. 

Include cost of custom apprications 



herbicides, fungicides, other pesticides. 



b. Diesel fuel 



d. LP gas. fuel oil. 



r oil. grease, etc. 



7 . Electricity for the farm business - (Do not 

include household expenses! □ 

8 . Hired farm and ranch labor — also include employer's cost 
for social security, workman's compensation. insurarKe 
premiums, pension plans, etc. tsee information shbev □ 




t ferny business. (Do n 



1 B. All other production < 



t^.^l^»^ll■l>^■'^!^a Hi...n.rnMMFRriai renxiiiTtp i....ii.Hi~. pnrn PHncPMATt ~ 
^^, UME uisd on this place during 1987? 

. □ YES - Camptaethle—cthH, 3 D NO - Go to section 2S 



1 . Acres of cropland fertilized in 1 987 — foo r 



None Tons c 



a.ianil«K'»l.-Bli«,^ .-y iMeEi-TirinEe ucnnifincc nimnu-inCQ McmTirincc 
OTHER PESTICIDES, or OTHER CHEMICALS used on Ihh placa in 1 9877 



Include any materials provided by you, your landlords, or contractors. For each item 
listed, report acres only once. If multipurpose chemicals were used, report acreage 
treated for each purpose. 



1 crops, including hay . 



Include both pre-emergence end post emergence. 

hemicals for defoliation or for growth contrc 
f crops or thinning of fruit 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT on this place on E 



1 1886 or 1987. 



milkers end bulk tenks. I 



SELECTED machinery and equ i pmen t on 
this placa. December 31 , 1 987. msport 
onlrirusedln 1986or1987.] 



2. Motortrucks — Include pickups 

3. Wheel tractors other than garden tractors 
and motor tillers — 

a. Loss than 40 horsepower (PTO) 

b. 40 horsepower {PTOI or more 






5. Cotton pickers < 

6. Mower conditio: 

7. Pickup balers - 



».-»Hluli'»iHHl ccTiMATrn riioBeMT ManitcT uai he nt i awn ..^i 
S27 BUILDINGS 



Of the teitsl. HOW 



Please give your best ESTIMATE of the CURRENT MARKET 
VALUE of land and buildings for all acres reported in 
section 1 . items 1.2. and 3. page 1 . »„ 



1 . All land owned 

2. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS . 

3. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS . . . 



INCOME FROM FARM - RELATED SOURCES IN 1987 



1 . Customwork and other agricultural services provided for None 
farmers and others - plovKing. planting, spraying, 
harvesting, preparation of products for market, etc. 

in custommork Is a separete business, refer to INFORMATION ,—, 



rices, patronage dividends of 
and other income which is CLOSELY RELATED to the 
agricultural operation on this place - 



iiHJ^<l.l.'Ba;)^ ppgsnw COMPLETIWG THIS REPORT -Please prin^ 



I Area Code I I 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-5 



INFORMATION SHEET 

1 987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Special Reporting Instructions 

1 . Who Should Report 

WE NEED A REPLY FROM EVERYONE RECEIVING A REPORT FORM. 
INCLUDING individuals, landlords, tenants, partnerships, 
corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING 
AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each case included in the census has 
a unique Census File Number (CFN). In order to make the census 
results as complete and accurate as possible, we need to obtain 
information about every CFN. 

2. If You Racaived Mora Than Ona Report Form for an Operation 

Complete only ONE report form for an operation. Write "Duplicate" 
near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the 
1 1 -digit census file number(s) of the DUPLICATE report(s) ON THE 
COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided to the left of the address 
label. Return the extra reportis) in the same envelope with your 
completed report form so that wo can correct our records. 

3. If You No Longer Farm 

If you had agricultural operations at any time durlns 1987, please 
report all agricuftural activity during the year. Report all land on your 
census form that you owned or rented. Also, report your 1 987 crop 
and livestock production and 1 987 sales. 

Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate sheet of 
paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 
date and the name and address of the present operator, if known. 

4. If You Never Farmed or Have No Association WHh AgricuHura 

Please write a note on the report form near the address label explaining 
this and retum the form so that we can correct our records. In our 
efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists 
from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm 
addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. 



5. If You Have Mora Than One Agricultural Operation 

Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISTINCT 
production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedlot, greenhouse, 
etc., or combination of farms, etc.. for which you maintain SEPARATE 
records of operating expenses and sales, livestock and other 
inventories, crop acreages, and production. 

6. If You Have a Partnership Operation 

Complete only ONE report for the entire partnership's agricultural 
operation and include all partners' shares on the one report. If 
members of the partnership also operate separate famns or ranches in 
addition to the partnership farming operation, separate report forms 
should be completed for each individual operation. 

If two or more report forms were received for the same operation, mark 
each additional form as a "Duplicate." Return the duplicate report(s) in 
the same envelope with the completed partnership report, where 
possible, or write a note on the duplicate report, such as, ■'(Name of 
partner) has completed a report for the partnership (provide name and 
CFN of partnership.)" 

7. Landlord's or Contractor's Share 

If you rented or leased land from others or had a contract for the 
production of agricultural products, include both your share and the 
landlord's or contractor's share of the production, sales, and expenses 
so your census report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." 

If you do not know the landlord's or contractor's share, include your 
BEST ESTIMATE. If you do not have records available for all data Kerns, 
use your best estimate. 

Howr to Enter Your Response 

Enter your replies in the propter spaces, on the correct lines, and in the 
units requested, i.e., dollars, bushels, tons, etc. Write an' 
outside the answer spaces or on a separate sheet of paper 



Enter whole numbers except where tenths are requested, such ! 

of potatoes harvested. If you have 1/2, 1/3, or 1/4 of an ai 

to tenths. For example, convert 1/2 to 5/10. 1/3to3/10, 1/4 to 2/10. 

The census report form will contain sections and questions which do 
not apply to you. When this occurs, mark the "None" or "No" box 
and go on to the next item or section. 



Instructions For Specified Sections 



► Section 1 — ACREAGE IN 1987 



When answering the acreage questions, include the land 
associated with your agricultural operations in 1 987 whether in 
production or not. Include all land that you owned or rented 
during 1 987 even if only for pan of the year. Do not include any 
unrelated residential or commercial land. 

IF YOU QUIT FARMING DURING 1987 - Complete the 
report form for the portion of the year that you did farm. Explain 
on the report form In the space to the left of the address label (or 
on another sheet of paper) when you stopped farming and 
include the name and address of the person now using the land. 

Report all land in section 1 in whole acres. 

Item 1 — All Lend Owrnad — Report all land owned in 1 987 whether 
held under title, purchase contract or mortgage, homestead law, or as 
heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include all land owned by you 
and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization 
for which you are reporting. 

Item 2 — All Land Rented or Leased FROM OTHERS — 

Report all land rented by you or your operation even though the 
landlord may have supplied materials or supervision. 
INCLUDE in item 2: 

a. Land for agricultural use that you rented from others for cash 

b. Land you worked on a share basis (crop or livestock) 
c.Land owned by someone else that you used rant-free 

d. Federal, State, Indian reservation, or railroad land rented or 
leased by the acre 

DO NOT INCLUDE in item 2: 

Land used on a per-head or animal unit license or permit basis, 
such as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act, National Forest, 
or Indian reservation permit land. If you had any of these 
permits, mark "yes" to item 7. 

Item 3 - All Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS - Include 
all land rented out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage 
reported in items 1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from 
each of your tenants to cover the operations on that land. 
INCLUDE in item 3: 

I share of crops or 

b. Land you rented from someone and then subleased to 



d. Land which you allowed others i 



I in "THIS PLACE' 



b. All your land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, 
complete item 6 (name and address of renters), skip to and 
complete section 29. and explain briefly, "all land rented 
out," etc. Mail form in retum envelope. 

c. You did not have any agricultural activity on owned or rented 
lend in 1 987. complete section 29 and explain briefly, such 
as "retired," "sold farm," and date. Give name and address 
of current operator if known and return form. 

► Sections 2 through 8 — CROPS 

Sections 2 through 8 provide space for reporting crops harvested 
during the 1 987 crop year from the land shown in section 1 . item 4 
(Acres In "THIS PLACE") of your report. Please report your crops 
in the appropriate sections. Do NOT include any crops grown on 
land rented or leased TO OTHERS, or worked by others on shares 
during 1987. 

Acres harvested — Enter the acres harvested in 1 987. Round 
fractions to whole acres except where tenths are requested by 
"/10" in the reporting box. such as for potatoes. 



D-6 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Quantltv harvested — If your unit of measure is different than the 
unit on the report form, please convert your figure for the quantity 
harvested to the unit requested. If the harvest was incomplete by 
December 31.1 987, please report the quantity harvested and 
estimated quantity to be harvested. 

Acres irrigated — For each crop irrigated, report number of acres 
irrigated. Irrigation is defined as land watered by artificial or controlled 
means — sprinklers, furrows or ditches, spreader dikes, purposeful 
flooding, etc. Include acres that received supplemental, partial, 
and/or preplant irrigation. Do not report water applied in transplanting 
tobacco plants, trees, or vegetables as irrigation. Leave "Acres 
irrigated" blank for crops that are not irrigated. 

How to Report Crops Harvested 



2ar 



Report only for the listed crops. 



>■ Sections 4 through 8 — To report: < 1 ) find the crop name and the 
code number from the list in the section; (2) enter crop name and code 
in the first two columns of the first available answer line in the section: 
(3) enter the information that is requested in the remaining columns. If 
you harvested a crop not listed in sections 4 through 8, use the "Other" 
code in the appropriate section and specify the crop name. 

Double Cropping — If Xwo or more crops were harvested from the 
same land (double cropping) report the total acres and production of 
each harvested crop in the appropriate sectionis) of the report form. 



Example: In 1987 
harvested 



harvested 1 ,230 bushels of wheat from 40 
3 AO acres planted soybeans, from which you 
550 bushels. You irrigated the soybeans but not the whe 



1 . Cotton 

2 . Soybeans for b 
3.Whsat<orgralr 
4. Oats for grain 


"THIS PLACE" In 1 9877 


None 

□ 

eans D 

□ 

□ 


Acres 
harvested 


Quantity 
harvested 


Acres 
irrigated 






093 


OBB 


°"/,5SO Bu. 


--^o 


-v^ 






076 


"'"' Bu. 


078 



Interplantad Crops — If two crops were grown at the same time in 
alternating strips in the same field, report the portion of the field used 
for each crop. 

Example: A 60 acre field was planted in cotton and soybeans, with 
two rows of cotton followed by an area of the same width planted in 
soybeans. No irrigation was used. Thirty acres of soybeans and 30 
acres of cotton would be reported in the appropriate section(s). 

Skip Row Planting — If a crop is planted in an alternating pattern of 
planted and non-planted rows, such as two rows planted and two 
rows skipped (2X21, report the portion of the field occupied by the 
crop in the appropriate section for that crop, and report the skipped 
portion as "Cropland idle" in section 10, item 2f . 

► Section 4 — VEGETABLES — Report acres of vegetables harvested 
FOR SALE or commercial processing. Do not include vegetables grown 
for home use. Report the total acreage of each vegetable crop harvested. 
Example: In 1 987 you harvested 1 acres of lettuce from a field, then 
replanted the field in lettuce and harvested the 10 acres again. Both 
crops of lettuce were irrigated. Enter only 10 acres of land from which 
vegetables were harvested and 1 acres irrigated In item 1 of section 4, 
but write in 20 acres of lettuce harvested and 20 acres of lettuce 
irrigated in Item 2 of section 4. 

► Section 8 — FRUITS and NUTS — In counting the combined total 
of 20 or more trees and vines, include those for home use as well as 
those maintained for sale of the production. Acres in trees or vines 
that have been abandoned should not be included; these acres should 
be included in section 10, item 2f "Cropland idle." 

If crops other than fruit and nut trees and vines were interplanted with 
trees or vines, report the total acres for the orchard crop in section 8 
and the total acres of the interplanted crop in the appropriate section. 

*■ Section 9 — GROSS VALUE OF CROPS SOLD 

Report the value of all crops sold from "THIS PLACE" in 1 987, 
regardless of the year they were harvested or who owned the land. Be 
sure to report gross values before deducting expenses and taxes. 
Include Government CCC loans received for "THIS PLACE" in 1987. 
Include payments received in 1 987 from cooperatives or marketing 
organizations for crops produced on "THIS PLACE" regardless of the 
year in which the crops were harvested. 

Also include as sales, your estimate of the value of any crop removed 
from "THIS PLACE" in trade for services, such as hay cut in exchange 
for fence repair, clearing, or other services. If the sale price or market 
value is not known, give your best estimate of the crop's market value 
when removed from "THIS PLACE." 



USE OF ACRES IN "THIS PLACE" 



This section is used to classify the acres in "THIS PLACE" 
reported in section 1 , item 4. (Do not include any acres you 
rented to others reported in section 1 , item 3). The sum of the 
acres entered in various categories should equal total acres in 
"THIS PLACE." 

Land Used for More Than One Purpose — Do not report the 
same acreage for more than one of the listed purposes. If part 
or all of your land was used for more than one listed purpose in 
1 987, report that lend only in the first category listed. For 
example, if you plowed under a cover crop, and planted and 
harvested a grain crop, report the land in item 2a, "Cropland 
harvested," but do NOT report as "Cropland used for cover 
crops, legumes, etc." (item 2c). 

Double Cropping — When more than one crop was harvested 
from the same land in 1 987, report that land only ONCE as 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 

Interplanted Crops — If you interplanted crops, such as cotton 
in an orchard, report the total land used for both crops only 
ONCE, as "Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 

Skip Row Planted Crops — Report the acres that represent the 
total nonplanted or skipped rows as "Cropland idle." item 2f. The 
acres that represent the planted rows should be reported as 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 



ACRES SET ASIDE, DIVERTED. OR IDLED 
UNDER FEDERAL ACREAGE REDUCTION 
PROGRAMS IN 1987 



em 2 all acres in "THIS PLACE" retired from production 
and placed, by long-term contract, into the Conservation Reserve 
Program- Acres placed into the program during end prior to 1 987 
should be included. 

► Sections 13 through 1 7 -LIVESTOCK, POULTRY, OTHER 
LIVESTOCK, OR ANIMAL 
SPECIALTIES 

Animals and Poultry to Include In the Report — Report all 
animals, poultry, and animal specialties on "this place" (section 
1 . item 4) on December 31 . 1 987. Include all owned by you and 
any kept by you for others. Include animals on unfenced lands. 
National Forest land, district land, cooperative grazing association 
land, or rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land 
Management on a per-head or lease basis. Animals in transit on 
December 31.1 987. or animals on a short-term pasture (such as 
wheat pasture or crop residue) on a per-head or lease basis should 
be reported by the person who had control of the animals. 

Animals and Poultry to Exclude from the Report — Do not 

report animals or poultry kept on land rented to others or kept 
under a share arrangement on land rented to others. Do not include 
animals quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "this place." 
Animals kept on a place not operated by you are 1 
the report for that place. 



I be included on 



Animals Bought and Sold - DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD WITHIN 30 DAYS. Such purchases 
and sales are considered "dealer" transections, and are not 
included in this census. 

Number Sold — Report all animals and poultry sold or removed 
from "this place" in 1 987, without regard to ownership or who 
shared in the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord or given 
to a landlord or others in trade or in payment for goods or services. 
Do NOT report number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on 
another place. 

Dairy Termination Program or "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out 
Program" — The amount received in 1 987 from the 
Government under the dairy termination program should be 
included in section 1 9. item 1 . Dairy animals and products sold 
in 1 987 should be reported in section 1 3. 

Animals Moved to Another Place — For animals moved from 
"this place" to another place, such as for further feeding, report 
: as "sold" and give your best estimate of their market 
1 they left "this place." 



DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 
a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

b. Veal calves, or any calves weighing less than 500 isounds 

c. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sold 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-7 



Value of Sales — Report the total gross value of animals and pouttry 
sold or removed from "this place" in 1 987 without deducting 
production or marketing expenses (cost of feed, cost of livestock 
purchased, cost of hauling and selling, etc.). If the sale price or 
market value is not known, give your best estimate of their market 
value when they left "this place." Do NOT report the value of sales 
of any livestock and poultry owned by you but kept and sold from a 
place you did not operate. 

Contract and Custom Feeding Opercrtions — Livestock or poultry 
kept by you on "this place" on a contract or custom basis should be 
included on this report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP. Report as 
"INVENTORY" numbers of animals or poultry on the place on 
December 31,1 987. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept on a 
contract or custom basis and removed or sold from the place in 1 987. 
If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate 
of the market value of the animals or poultry when they left the place. 

► Section 16 - 

Item 2 — If you owned BEES — Report all colonies or hives of bees and 
honey operations conducted by you, regardless of where the hives were 
kept most of the year. Report hives or colonies, pounds of honey sold, 
and value of sales. 

Items 7 and 8 — Mink pelts and rabbit pelts should be included in 
number sold and value of sales, but not in inventory. 
Item 9 — Other Livestock and Livestock Products — Include in all 
other livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and any 
other animal products sold from "this place" in 1 987. Please indicate 
units used in reporting. 

Item 10 — Fish and Other Aquaculture Products — Report number 
of pounds sold and gross value of sales for each. Enter name and code 
from list. 

► Section 17 — POULTRY 

The person who furnished the housing and labor should report the 
poultry operation on his/her report form regardless of who ovt/ns the 
birds. Report as sold poultry that were taken or moved from the place 
in 1987. 

► Section 18 



Item 1 — Report the amount received under the regular < 
program for commodities placed under CCC loan during 1987. Include 
amount received even if commodity was redeemed or forfeited prior to 
December 31, 1987. 



— CORPORATE STRUCTURE 

This section is to be answered by corporations only. Answer both 
items. A family-held corporation has more than 50 percent of Its 
stock owned by persons related by blood or marriage. 



- CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF 
OPERATOR 

This section collects information about the operator of "this 
place" defined as the individual owner, the operator, the senior 
partner, or person in charge for the type of organization reported 
in section 20. 

For Family or Individual Operation — Complete this section for 



For Partnership Operations — Answer all items, except Item 2, 
for the "Senior Partner." The "Senior Partner" is the individual 
who is mainly responsible for the agricultural operations on "this 
place," not necessarily the person senior in age. If each partner 
shares equally in the day-to-day management decisions, consider 
the oldest as the "Senior Partner." For item 2 (Principal 
Occupation) consider all members of the partnership together. 
Please include as "farming" worktime at all types of agricultural 
enterprises, including work at greenhouses, nurseries, mushroom 
production, ranching, foodlots, broiler feeding, etc. 



For Corporations and Other Operations (Cooperatlvea, 
Estates, etc.) — Complete section 22 for the person in charge, 
such as a hired manager, business manager, or other person 
primarily responsible for the on-site, day-to-day operation of the 
farm or ranch business. 

Item 4 — Year Began Operation — Report the first year the 
operator or senior partner began to operate any part of "this 
place" on a continuous basis. If the operator returned to a place 
previously operated, report the year operations ^ere resumed. 



► Section 23 - PRODUCTION EXPENSES paid by you and 
others for "this place" in 1987 

Include farm production expenses paid by you, your landlord, 
contractors, or anyone else for crops, livestock, or poultry prod 
on "this place." Include expenses incurred in 1987 even if they 
were not paid for in 1 987. Please estimate if exact figures are not 
known. Refer to the individual expenditure items below for further 
explanations. 



► Section 19 — FEDERAL PAYMENTS RECEIVED 

Report all payments received from Federal Farm Programs in 1 987 
regardless of whether payment was made in cash or commodity 
certificates. Include cash payments in item 1 . In item 2, include the 
value of any certificates held or the value received from sale or 
redemption of any certificates in 1987. 

Federal payments include receipts from Federal programs such as 
deficiency payments, "Whole-herd dairy buy-out," support price 
payments, indemnity programs, disaster payments, paid land 
diversion, inventory reduction payments, payments received for 
approved soil and wati 

► Section 20 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

determine the type of organization for 



Defined as farm or business 
d by an individual <sole proprietor), 
ot incorporated and not operated 



Use the following definitions 

your operation: 

Family or Individual Operation - 

organization controlled and operati 
Include family operations that are r 
under a partnership agreement. 
Partnership Operation — Defined as two or more persons who have 
agreed on the amount of their contribution (capital and effort) and the 
distribution of profits. Co-ownership of land by husband and wife or 
joint filing of income tax forms by husband and wife DOES NOT 
constitute a partnership, unless a specific agreement to share 
contributions, decisionmaking, profits, and liabilities exists. Production 
under contract or under a share rental agreement DOES NOT constitute 
a partnership. 

Incorporated Under State Law — A corporation is defined as a legal 
entity or artificial person created under the laws of a State to carry on a 
business. This definition does not include cooperatives. Information on 
type of corporation should be reported in section 21 . 

Other — Such as cooperatives Idefined as an incorporated or 
unincorporated enterprise or an association created and formed jointly 
by the members), estate or trust (defined as a fund of money or property 
administered for the benefit of another individual or organization), prison 
farm, grazing association, Indian reservation, institution run by a 
government or religious entity, etc. 



Lfvestock and Poultry Purchased — Report the cost of cattle, 
calves, hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, horses, goats, chicks, pullets, 
poults, etc., including breeding stock and dairy cows. Contract 
growers or custom feeders who did not own or purchase the 
livestock or poultry themselves should estimate the value of the 
cattle, calves, pigs, baby chicks, pullets, etc. at the time they 
came onto the place. 



Feed Purchased for Livestock and Poultry — Report the 
purchase cost of corn, sorghum, oats, barley, other grains, 
silage, hay, mixed feed, concentrates, etc., fed to livestock and 
poultry on "ti^is place." Contract livestock and poultry growers 
should estimate the value of feed provided by the contracting 
company. Custom feedyards should include feed costs for all 
cattle fed even if the owners of the cattle were billed for the feed. 
Feed raised on "this place" should not be reported as purchased. 

Cost of Hired Farm and Ranch Labor — Include gross salaries 
and wages, commissions, dismissal pay, vacation pay, and paid 
bonuses paid to hired workers, family members, hired managers, 
administrative and clerical employees, and salaried corporate 
officers. Also, include supplemental cost for benefits such as 
employer's social security contributions, unemployment 
compensation, workmen's compensation insurance, life and 
medical insurance, pension plans, etc. 



■ Includes the labor costs of workers furnished 



cooperative for harvesting vegetables or fruit, shearing sheep, or 
similiar farm activities. Do not include costs for building or repair 
work dor^e by a construction contractor. Include the cost of 
customwork or machine hire in item 1 1 . 



Repah- and Maintenance Expenses for the Upkeep of 
Buildings, Motor Vehicles, and Farm Ec|ulpment — Include the 
cost of repairs and upkeep of farm machinery, vehicles, buildings, 
fences, and other equipment used in the farm business. Do not 
include repairs to vehicles not used in the farm business or for 
equipment used only for performing customwork for others. Do 



D-8 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



d on Debts — Report all interest expenses paid 
in 1 987 for the farm business. Include interest on loans secured by 
land and buildings (real estate) in item 1 2a. Include all loans not 
secured by real estate such as for fertilizer, feed, and seed in item 1 2b. 
Include interest paid on CCC loans. Do not include interest associated 
with activities not related to production of crops or livestock on "this 
place" such as land or buildings rented to others, packing sheds, or 
feed mills that provide services to others. Do not include interest on 
owner/operator dwelling where amount is separated from interest on 
other land and buildings on "this place." 



Cash Rent Paid for Land and Buildings In 1 987 — Report rent paid 
In cash during 1987 for land and buildings in "this place." Do not 
include rent paid for operator dwelling or other nonfarm property. Do 
not include the value of shares of crops or livestock paid to landlords. 



t include: 

as on land or buildings rented to someone else 

b. Taxes paid by landlords 

c. Property taxes paid on other property not associated with tl 



All Othar Produc:tion Expensas — Farm production costs not 
previously listed should be reported here. In addition to items listed 
on the report form, include bookkeeping charges, tax preparation 
fees, postage, advertising, commission for sale of cattle, and fees 
paid for farm-related advice or for farm consultants. Do not include 
depreciation or expenditures for the purchase of land and buildings 
or new or used machinery. 



Section 24 — COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Report acres on which commercial fertilizer (items 1 and 2) or lime 
(hem 3( was applied during 1 987. If any acreage was fertilized or 
limed more than once, report acres ONLY ONCE in each item. Report 
expense for commercial fertilizer purchased, excluding lime, " 



► Section 26 — MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 

The estimated market value in hem 1 refers to ALL machinery and 
equipment kept primarily on"this place" and used for the farm 
business. Report the value in its present condition, not the 
replacement or depreciated value. Specialized equipment, which 
is an integral part of a building, should be included as a part of the 
value of land and buildings. 

► Section 27 • 

LAND AND BUILDI 

The value tor each of the three listed categories should be your 
estimate of the value of the land and buildings if they were sold in 
the current market. The real estate tax assessment value should 
not be used unless that value represents a full market value 
assessment and the land and buildings could reasonably be 
assumed to be sold at that price. Do not deduct real estate 
marketing charges from your estimate. Report the total value, 
not the value on a per acre basis. 

► Section 28 

Item 1 through 4 refer only to those income producing activities 
for which you use part of the land, machinery, equipment, labor, 
or capital normally used on "this place," and which you do not 
consider as entirely separate from your farming activities. Report 
gross amounts received before taxes ar>d 

Item 1 — Customwork — Do not report 



I your agncull 



Item 3 — Forest Products — Include only those forest products 
or Christmas trees cut from "this place," not items cut from other 
nonfarm timber acreage. Do not include income from saw mill 
business. 

Item 4 — Other Farm-Related Income — Include income from 
hunting leases, fishing fees, and other recreational services, sales 
of farm by-products, and other business or income closely related 
to the agricultural operation on "this place." Include dividends for 
business done with farmer-owned cooperatives. Do not enter 
previously reported farm sales or income from investments not 
associated with the farm. Do not include retirement pensions or 
social security benefits received. 



•ir U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING 



OFFICE: 1989- 242-30 3/ 00010 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-9 



DUE BV FEBRUARY 1. 1988 



UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 




S. OEPARTMEMT OF COMMERCE 



CensAis Re NumberU) 



■ Inquiry l« r^julrBd by law (title 1 3. U.S. Code). I 



f YOUR REPORT TO 



.end ZIP Code. ENTERS 



1 . At any time during 1 987, did you plant, grow, or have any: 

• Hay or tobacco? • Fruit, nut, or citrus tre« 

• Com, wheat, or other graina? • Vegetables, melons, or berries? 

• Other crops? • Greenhouse or nursery crops? 

D Yes ...QLNo 

2 . At any time during 1 987, did you raise, sell, or keep any: 
Cattle, hogs, sheep, or goats? • Horses or ponies? 

other poultry? • Fish in captivity? 

• Other animal specialties? 
n Yes n No 



ACREAGE IN 1 987 Report land owned, rented, or used by you, 
your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization for 
which you are reporting. Include ALL L-AND, REGARDLESS OF 
LOCATION OR USE - cropland, pastureland, rangeland, 
woodland, idle land, house lots, etc. ,. 



1 . AH land owned 



Alt land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land 
worked by you on shares, used rem free, in exchange for 
services, payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, 
and railroad land. (DO NOT include land used on a per-head 
basis under a grazing permit. I LJ 



4. Acres in "THIS PLACE" — ADO acres owned (item 1 ) 
and acres rented (item 21, then SUBTRACT acres rented 

TO OTHERS (item 31, and enter the result In this space. ^ 

ff the entry is zero pleeae refer to rhe Information Sheet, section 2. . 

5 . Of the land you rented or leased to others, how many **?2,' on 



LAND USE and IRRIGATION 

PART A - How were the ACRES ht this place used In 1 9877 

None 
1 . Cropland harvested - ,„^,^^ ,„ ,,„^ ,„„ ^^fch crop. 

n 

D 

n 
n 
n 



2. Cropland on which all crops failed — (Excvption: Do not 

report here land m orcttards end vineyards on which the crop felled 

3 . Cropland idle, cropland used for cover crops, 
or cropland in cultivated summer fallow 

4. Cropland used only for pasture, woodland pastured, 
and other pastureland and rangeland 

5. All other woodland, wasteland, houselots, etc. not 
reported in items 1 through 4- above 



PART B - IRRIGATION 



PART A - CROPS HARVESTED from "THIS PLACE" In 1987. 



mixtures 

b. Small grain hay . 

c.Wild hay 

d. Other hay — 



2. Com for grain or seed iZI 

3. Soybeans for beans . . D 

4. Wheat for grain .... □ 
B. Tobacco — all types CD 

6. Potatoes, Irish —IDo 

< grown p. 



harvested 


Quantity hanrested 


Gross value of 
crops sold 




.03 


10. 




'" ! 00 






dry 


V 1 CO 


in 


"3 Ton.. 


»" 1 00 




"° 


» 1 00 




°°" 


Bu. 


» ! 00 


°" 






» 1 00 


073 




» 1 00 


°** ' /10 




Lbs. 


$ 1 00 


. ...I. no 




« ! 00 



'■M^^jfSrSS!^ 


None 

n 


Total aon 


Donara 


|c«n. 


1 /10 




1 00 


.,».;^/| 




iiiiii 


""-"' 11 





9. Other crops - For eddiHonel cm 
Report quendtY hervened Inttteur 


^■.SS!^^. 


ropneme 




Crop name 


Code 


Acres 
harvested 


Quantity harvested 


Gross vsk 


eof 


Dollar. 


Cam. 










« 


00 










» 


00 



079 , Oats I 



■ PART B - NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS GROWN FOR SALE 
on "THIS PLACE" In 1987 

From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. 




PEHALTY FOR FMlUlte TO REPORT 



D-10 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



I'MWir" ' LIVESTOCK and POULTHY 
PART A - CATTLE and CALVES 



1 . CATTLE and CALVES of all agas . . 
a. BEEF COWS - include be»f halfers t 



INVENTORY 
Mumber on thl» 
ice Dec. 31,19! 



Gra.. value of ul.. 


Dollarl lent. 


$ 1 00 



• CATTLE and CALVES SOLD 
FROM THIS PLACE IN 1BS7 

IncfudB aa aold cattle moved from 
thia piece to a feedtot for further 
feeding. 

. Calves less than 500 pounds 



. Cattle - Includa calves BOO pounds or more CD 
a . Of ALL cattle sold, how many wore 
FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or 
CONCENTRATES for 30 days or nnore „ 
and SOLD for SLAUGHTER? □ 



Number sold 



PART a -HOGS and PIGS 



. HOGS and PIGS of all ages 

a . HOGS and PIGS used or to be used for breeding 



INVENTORY 

Numtjer on this 

place Dec. 31, 198 



. Of the hogs and pigs sold, how many were ,_, 
sold as FEEDER PIGS for further feeding? . . □ 



PART C - SHEEP and LAMBS 



. SHEEP and LAMBS of all ages D 

a. EWES 1 year old or older □ 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31, 1887 



NUMBER SOLO 



S'[ 



Pound» 



None 



PART D - POULTHY 

. HENS and PULLETS 

a . HENS and PULLETS of laying age 

b. PULLETS 3 mtonths old or older not yet of 
laying age for layer replacement 

o. PULLETS under 3 months old for layer 



2. BROILERS, fryers, other meat-type chickens . 

3. TURKEYS for slaughter fOo not (mrfurf* tm«)l5rj.) 

4. OTHER POULTRY d 



Dec. 31. 1987 



, Value of POULTRY and POULTRY None 

PRODUCTS (eggs, etc.) sold from this place 

in 1987? D 



pl»caD<»c.31, 1987 



^j' Total quamitY 



sold in 1987 



• PART E - HORSES, O THER LIVESTOCK, AHiMAL SPECIALTIES, and FISH 

Non< 

1 . Horses and ponies 
of all ages Ej 

2. Colonies of bees . .D 

3. Milk goats D 



4. Angora goats . . . . □ 

5 . Other Inrestock, fiah, 
animal products. 



' Rabbits and thotr patta . 



Sae I Other goats 



GOVERNMENT CCC LOANS 

Amount received in 1%87 from Government CCC loa ns. Include regular 



. Amount received in cash I I 

, Value of certificates received — payment-ln-klnd 
IPIKI or commodity certificates □ 



T^Acrea In thla place SET ASIDE, DIVERTED, or IDLED under 
FEDERAL aeraags rsductlon proarama In 1987 



Number of acres 



2 . PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which 
occupation did the operator spend the 
ma|oritv ISO percent or mora) of his/her 
worktlmo In 1987? For parmaraWpacons/dei 



3. OFF-FARM WORK - How many days did the 
operator work at least 4 hours per day off this 
place in 1 987? —include wor* « ■ nonfarmjob, 
for pay- IDonot 



B. AGE of operator 



8. RACE of operator 



jDNo 



1 □ Farming s □ Other 
or ranching 

iD None 
jD 1-49 days 
sD 50-99 days 
.n 100-149 days 
bD 150-199 days 
^ a iZI 200 days or more 

Year 



' , n Wfiite 
iD Negro or Black 
sD American Indian 
<□ Asian or Pacific 



Specify^ 



»n Other - 



7 . SEX of operator 



ongin or oesceni \nnexican, rueno mean, . — , 

Cuban, or other Spanish)? 1 1— J Yes 



PERSONCOMPLETING THIS REPORT - PiBasaprtnt 



iP No 



tttzt: 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-11 



lEMFOREVlATIOEM SHEET 

1987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Special Reporting Instructions he'r^nd^rt"i^pu1°rs"'S^c7m"rl« "r mo^rtg^ 

heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include < 

1. Who Should Roport and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, corj 

for which you are reporting. 
WE NEED A REPLY FROM EVERYONE RECEIVING A REPORT FORM. 
INCLUDING individuals, landlords, tenants, partner . 

corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING land rented by you or your operation c 

AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each case included in the census has have supplied materials or supervisioi 
a uniQue Census File Number (CFN). In order to make the census 

results as complete and accurate as possible, we need to obtain INCLUDE in item 2: 
information about every CFN. 

a. Land for agricultural use that yo 

2. If Vou R«c«lvecl Moro Th»o Ono Report For»F. for an Oparatfoo ^^ ^and you worked on a share ba< 
?eaT?heSddr'23?raUT^?'2Jch'Sx^ra"rep°o^i?^^^^^^^ Alsl" w^i^^thr"" -- "-and owned by someone else that you used rent-free 
i^^'gLVjE^R^^^^ -- r.lil'f^^l^l^^L'^f'"' -— *°"- -' -*--^ — ^ — '^ °' 
completed report form so that we can correct our records. ^^ ^^^ INCLUDE in item 2: 

3. ff You IMo Longer Farm Land used on a per head or animal unit license or permit basis, such 

as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act, National Forest, or Indian 
If you had agricultural operations at any time during 1987, please reservation permit land, 

report all agricultural activitry during the year. Report all land on your 
census form that you owned or rented. Also, report your 1 987 c 
and livestock production and 1987 sales- 

Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate shee 
paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 
date and the name and address of the present operator, if known. INCLUDE in item 3: 

4. If Vo« Navar Farmed or Havo IMo Association With Agriculture »- Owned land rented t 

this and return the form so that we can correct our records. In our 
efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists 
from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm 
addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. 

B. If Vou Havo fVlora Than One Agricultural Operation 

Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISTINCT 

production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedlot. 

greenhouse, etc., or combination of farms, etc., for which you 

maintain SEPARATE records of operating expenses and sales. If Kern 4. Acres in "THIS PLACE' 

6. If You Have a Partnership Operation PLACE" in 1987, complete the report. 

Complete only ONE report for the entire partnerships agricultural *»" All your land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, skip 1 

operation and include all partners* shares on the one report. If ^"'^ complete sect.ori 1 O. and explain bnefly. All land rente. 

^e partnership also operate separate farms or ranches in °"»- *»*«= '^«" ^o*"^ "^ return envelope. 

3 partnership farming operation, e 

-ipleted for each individual operat 



report forms ^ . . . _ 

land In 1987.' 



t and CFN of partnership.)' • >■ Section 3 — LAND USE AND IRRIGATION 

sed to classify the acres in "THIS PLACE" 



ad or leased land from others o had a cont act f r the reported rn section 2. 

. of agricultural products, include both your share and the categories should eq, 

nsus report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." 



BEST ESTIMATE. 



r contractor's share, include your 



ted purpose in 1 987, report thai 
. For example, if you harvested < 
me land for pasture, report the land in 



part A, item 1 , "Cropland f 
E> Enter Your Response Double CroppIn 

dollars, bushels, tons. etc. Write any explanation 
outside the answer spaces or on a separate sheet of paper. 

All dollar figures may be entered in whole dollars. CENTS ARE NOT _ 

REQUIRED. "Cropland han 

Enter whole numbers except where tenths are requested, such as acres 
of potatoes harvested. If you have 1 /2, 1 /3, or 1 /4 of an acre, convert 
to tenths. For example, convert 1/2 to 5/1 O, 1/3 to 3/10, 1/4 to 2/1 O. 

The census report forn-» will contain sections and questions which do 
not apply to you. When this occurs, mark the "None" or "No" box and 

Instructions For Specified Sections 

Section 2 — ACREAGE IN 1987 

^ Section 4 — CROPS 

This section provides space for reporting crops harvested during 
the 1 987 crop year from the land shown in section 2, item 4 
(Acres in "THIS PLACE") of your report. A few crops are already 
ell land that you owned or rented during 1 987 even If listed on the form. For these crops, just report acres harvested, 

only for part of the year. Do not include any unrelated residential or quantity harvested, and value of sales. If you produced crops not 

commercial land. listed, write the name of the crop and code from the list provided 

Report all land in section 2 in whole acres. 




D-12 APPENDIX D 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



DO NOT INCLUDE: 



I TO OTHERS, or 



Acres Harvoa 

fractions to wl 

Quantltv Hai- 

December 31 . 



crop products purchased from others and I 
rted — Enter the acres harvested in 1987. 



; of feed, cost of livestock 



I sold from c 



is report REGARDLESS OF 
'INVENTORY" numbers of animals 

1987. Report as 'SOLD 



Report as 



be harvested. 
'alu« off Cropa Sold — Report I 



I sale price or i 






itmals or poultry \ 



"THIS PLACE" 

PLACE." 

Itacn 7 — V»ge 



T 1987. IncI 
narketing organizat 






> report gross value be 



received for 
I in 1987 from 
roduced on "T» 



F crops other than f 



f poultry 1 

HORSES, OTHER LIVESTOCK, ANIIVIAI- 
LTIES, AMD 

owned BEES — Report all 
tcted bv vou. reg. 
year. Report hive 



stock and LIvestocI 

id livestock products manure 
animal products sold from "this place" i 
pelts should be included in number sold t 



Forest land, 
per-head or I 



se the "O 
Dnal space 
acres and ( 



, B, C, and D — LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 
■ and Poultry to Include In tfia Report — Report all 
poultry, and animal specialties on "this place" (sect 
, 1987. Include all owned by you and 
jthers. Include animals on unfenced lands, N; 
rict land, cooperative grazing association Ian. 
listered by the Bureau of Land Management c 



ty sold and 
AIVIOUNT RECEIVED FROfVI GOVERNIVIENT CCC 

received under the regula 
987. 
age payments in the reserve program. 



r CCC I 



I during 1987. 



to December 31 
iCCC loans rece 



7 — FEDERAL PAYMENTS RECEIVED 

1 payments received from Federal Farm Programs in 1987 
!S of whether payment was made in cash or commodity 

any certificates held or the value received from sale or 
on of any certificates in 1 987. 



Federal payments include receipts from Federal progr 
deficiency payments, "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out," i 

indemnity programs, disaster payments, paid land 



pric 



Anintals « 



> had contro 



approved soil and water 



arrangement on land rented to o 
I feedlots which are r 
ace not operated by ^ 



ASIDE, OIVERTEC 



i included on the r 



Animals Bought and Sold — DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD NA/ITHIN 30 DAYS Such purchase 
and sales are considered "dealer" transactions, and are 



Program 



y long-term contract, into the Const 
Acres placed into the program durir 



CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF 



"this place" in 1987, 

the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlor 
or others in trade or in payment for goods or s 
number sold for any livestock or poultry kept c 



OPERATOR 



This section collects informa 
defined as 
person in charge. 



'Whole-Hard Dairy Buy-Out 



■ Individual Operation — Comple 



I calves sold s 



I this section for 



Animals l>noved to Anothe 

place" to another place, sue 
"sold" and give your best et 
left "this place." 



the < 



Parti 

feedlots, broiler feeding, 
For CorporatI 



>ns, consider the oldest as the 
pal Occupation) consider all 
ship together. Please include as "farming or 



production, ranching. 



DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 

a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

t>. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sold 

c. Veal calves, or any calves weighing less than 500 pounds 



nd Other Operations (Cooperativea, Estatai 

Complete section 9 for the person in charge, such as a hiri 
anager. business manager, or other person primarily responsible 



Item A — Year Befjan Operation — Report 1 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-13 



INDEX 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



Abnormal farms 

Acreage reduction 

program 

Age of operator 

Agricultural products sdd, 

market value 

Agricultural services 

income 

Alfalfa hay 

Alfalfa seed 

Almonds 

American Indian 

operator 

Angora goats 

Apples 

Apricots 

Aquacultural products . . 

Artichokes 

Asian or Pacific Islander 

operator 

Asparagus 

Assets, value 

Austrian winter peas .... 
Avocados 

B 

Bahia grass seed 

Balers, pickup 

Bananas 

Barley for grain 

Barley for grain sales, 

value 

Beans, dry edible 

Beans, dry lima 

Beans, green lima 

Beans, snap (bush and 

pole) 

Beans, soybeans 

Bedding plants 

Beef cows 

Bees, colonies 

Beets, sugar 

Beets, table 

Bentgrass seed 

Bermuda grass seed. . . . 

Berries 

Birdsfoot trefoil seed . . . 

Blackberries 

Black operators and other 

races 

Blueberries 



1,2,10, 



7,10,48-53 


5 


1,16,48-53 


1,10,16 


18,47,48-53 


1.2,16 


5,48-53 


4 


43,44,48-53 


26 


43,44 


26 


45,48-53 


28 


17 


34 


41 


18 


45,48-53 


28 


42 


28 


41 


21 


- 


27 



1,10-12,18, 
47,48-53 



45 



13, 
1,42-44, 



48-53 

45 

48-53 



34 

27 

1,5,8,16 

26 



26 

8 

28 

1,15,16,24 



2.. 
42-44,. 



1,42-44,. 

1,20,25,29, 

42-44, 



42,44,' 



16,17,48-53 



48-53 


2,16 


48-53 


15,16,25 


- 


25 


- 


27 


48-53 


27 


48-53 


1,15,16,25 


46 


30 


48-53 


1,11,16 


41 


20 


48-53 


1,15,16,25 


- 


27 


_ 


26 


- 


26 


48-53 


29 


_ 


26 


- 


29 



32-34 
29 



B— Con. 

Bluegrass seed, 

Kentucky 

Boysenberries 

Breeding hogs and 

pigs 

Broccoli 

Broilers 

Bromegrass seed 

Brussels sprouts 

Buckwheat 

Bulbs 

Bulls, bull calves, steers, 

and steer calves 

Burros, donkeys, and 

mules 

C 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 

Carrots 

Cash, government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Cash rent, expenses.... 

Cash rent or share 
payments received, 
farm-related income . . . 

Catfish sales 

Cattle and calves 

Cattle and calves sales, 
value 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Certificates, govern- 
ment farm programs 
payments 

Chemicals, expenses . . . 

Chemicals used 

Cherries 

Chickens 3 months old 
or older 

Chicory 

Chinese cabbage 

Chinese or ming peas . . 

Christmas trees and 
forest products sales, 
farm-related income . . . 

Citrus fruit 

Clover seed 

Coffee 

Collards 

Colonies of bees 

Combines, grain and 
bean, all types 



44 

32,48-53 
1,20-22,48-53 

46 

20,25,48-53 

41 



3,10,48-53 



5,48-53 



1,10,20,25,27,47, 

48-53 

2,20,26,31,47, 

48-53 



1,3,10,15,47,48-53 
15,48-53 
45,48-53 

1,20,21,23,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



5,48-53 


4 


45,48-53 


28 


- 


26 


45 


28 


- 


27 


41 


20 


13,48-53 


16 




INDEX 1 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



C— Con. 

Commercially mixed for- 
mula feed purchased . . 

Commodity Credit 
Corporation loans 

Conservation reserve 
programs 

Contract labor expenses 

Corn, field 



Corn for grain sales, 
value 

Corn, sweet 

Corn, sweet, for seed.. 

Corporation, family 
held 

Corporation, nonfamily 
held 

Corporation, type of 
organization 

Cotton 

Cotton sales, value .... 

Cottonpickers and 
strippers 

Cowpeas for dry peas . 

Cowpeas, green 

Cows and heifers that 
had calved 

Cranberries 

Cropland diverted, set 
aside 

Cropland fa cover crops 
legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses. . 

Cropland harvested 



State 
tables 



Cropland harvested, 
irrigated 

Cropland idle 

Cropland in cultivated 
summer fallow 

Cropland on which all 
crops failed 

Cropland pastured 

Cropland total 

Crops, farms reporting, 
acres, production 

Cucumbers 

Currants 

Customwork, machine 
hire, and rental of 
machinery and equip- 
ment, expenses 

Customwork and other 
agricultural services, 
farm-related income . . . 



1,3,48-53 

6,10,48-53 

7,10,48-53 

3,10,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 



2,48-53 
44,48-53 



16,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

1,42,44,47,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

13,48-53 



20,25,48-53 
44 



County 
tables 



7,10,48-53 



7,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,42, 

47,48-53 

8-10 
7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

1,7,10,47,48-53 

42 
44 



3,10,48-53 
5,48-53 



3,16 



5 

3,16 

1,15,16, 

24,31 

2,16 
27 
31 

10,16 

10,16 



1.15,16,25 
2,16 

8 
25 
27 

11,16 
29 



Item 



Daikon 

Dairy cows (milk cows) . 

Dairy products sales, 

value 

Dates 

Dewberries 

Diesel fuel expenses . . . 

Dill for oil 

Disease control in 

crops and orchards.... 
Donkeys, burros, and 

mules 

Ducks 

Ducks, geese, and other 

poultry 



5 

1,3,5,6, 

10,15,16 

7 
5 



5 

5 

1,5,16 



15,16 
27 
29 



3,16 



Eggplant 

Electricity expenses. 
Emmer and spelt. . . . 

Endive 

Equipment and 

machinery 

Escarole 

Ewes 1 year old or 

older 

Expenses, farm 

production 



State 
tables 



1,10,20,25,30.47, 
48-53 



2,47,48-53 



16 



Family held 

corporations 

Family or individual, 

type of organization . . . 
Farm-related income. . . . 
Farms by age and 

principal occupation 

of operator 

Farms by size of farm . . 
Farms by standard 

industrial classification 
Farms by tenure of 

operator 

Farms by type of 

organization 

Farms by value of 

agricultural products 

sold 

Farms, number 



Fattened cattle sales 
Feed purchased 



15,48-53 
41 

21 



10,47,48-53 



1,10,12,18,47,48-53 



1,3,10.47,48-53 



48-53 



1.16,48-53 
5,48-53 



16,48-53 
8,47,48-53 

18,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18.47, 

48-53 

26,29,31,48-53 

1,3,47,48-53 



2 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



F— Con. 

Feeder pigs sales 

Female operators 

Fertilizer applied 

Fertilizer expenses 

Fescue seed 

Field seed crops 

Figs 

Filberts 

Fish sales 

Flaxseed 

Florist greens and 

flowers, cut 

Flower and vegetable 

seeds 

Flowering plants, 

potted 

Flowers and florist 

greens, cut 

Foliage plants 

Forest products and 

Christmas trees sales, 

farm-related income . . . 

Foxtail millet seed 

Fruit crops 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

sales, value 

Fuel oil, kerosene, motor 

oil, grease, LP gas, etc., 

expenses 

Full owners 

G 

Garlic 

Gas, natural, expenses . 

Gasoline and other 
petroleum fuel and oil 
expenses 

Gasoline expenses 

Geese 

Geese, ducks, and 

other poultry 

Ginger root 

Goat milk sales 

Goats 

Goats, Angora 

Goats, milk 

Goats, other 

Government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Grain hay 

Grain sales, value 

Grains 

Grapefruit 



20,33,35-37,48-53 

16,17,48-53 

15.48-53 

3,10,15,47,48-53 

44 

44,48-53 

45 

41 

42,44,48-53 

46 

46 

46 



5,48-53 

45 

2.47,48-53 



14.48-53 
16.48-53 



14,48-53 



14,48-53 
14.48-53 



41 

41 
41.48-53 
41 
41 
41 

5,10,47,48-53 

43.44 

2.47.48-53 

44.48-53 

45 



12 
10 
9 
3,16 
26 
26 
28 
28 
21 
24 

30 

30 

30 

30 
30 



4 

26 

15,16.28 

2.16 



3 
10.16 



3.16 

3 

22 

14,22 
31 
17 
23 
23 
17 
23 

4 

26 

2,16 

16 



G— Con. 

Grapes 

Grass silage, haylage, 
and green chop hay . . . 

Grazing permits 

Grease, LP gas, fuel 
oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
etc., expenses 

Greenhouse crops 

Greenhouse vegetables 

Guar 

Guavas 

H 

Hatcheries 

Hay crops 

Hay, silage, and field 

seeds sales, value 

Haylage, grass siage, and 

green chop hay 

Hazelnuts 

Heifers and heifer 

calves 

Hens and pullets of 

laying age 

Herbs 

Hired farm labor 

expenses 

Hogs and pigs 

Hogs and pigs sales, 

value 

Hogs, litters farrowed . . . 

Honey sales 

Honey tangerines 

Honeydew melons 

Hops 

Horses and ponies 



Income from farm-related 

sources 

Income, see net cash 

return 

Individual or family, type 

of organization 

Insects, chemical 

control 

Inrterest. debt not secured 

by real estate 

Interest, debt secured 

by real estate 

Interest expenses 



45,48-53 
43,44 



14,48-53 

42,46 

46 



45 



1 ,42-44,48-53 
2,47,48-53 



2,20, 



43.44 
45 



20,25.48-53 
20.21,48-53 



3.10.47,48-53 

.10.20,32.35.47. 

48-53 

33,36.47.48-53 
34,37.48-53 
41 



20.41,48-53 



5.48-53 

4,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,48-53 

3.48-53 
1,3,10,47.48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



I— Con. 



Irish potatoes 

Irrigated farms and 
acres 



Jojoba 



Kale 

Kentucky bluegrass 



Kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, LP gas, fuel oil, 
etc., expenses 

Kiwifruit 

Kumquats 



Labor expenses .... 
Land and buildings, 

value 

Land in farms 



Land owned 

Land rented from others 
Land rented to others . . 
Land set aside in federal 

farm programs 

Land use 

Lemons 

Lentils 

Lespedeza seed 

Lettuce and romaine. . . . 

Lima beans, dry 

Lima beans, green 

Lime applied 

Limes 

Litters farrowed 

Livestock and livestock 

products sold 

Livestock and poultry . . . 
Livestock and poultry 

purchased 

Livestock, poultry, and 

their products sales, 

value 

Loans, Commodity Credit 

Corporation 

Loganberries 

Lotus root 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

motor oil, grease, etc., 

expenses 



1 ,42-44,48-53 
1,8-10 



1,15,16,25 
1,7 



14,48-53 



1,3,10,47,48-53 

1,2,10,18,20,47 
6,10,48-53 



14,48-53 



1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


1,10,11,47,48-53 


5,16 


1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 


1,5,10,16 


48-53 




10,48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


7,10,48-53 


1 


7,8,10,47,48-53 


5 


45 


28 


44 


25 


- 


26 


44 


27 


- 


25 


- 


27 


15,48-53 


9 


- 


28 


34,37,48-53 


12 


20 


_ 


20 


1,16 



Macadamia nuts 

Machine hire, rental 
of machinery and equip- 
ment, and customwork 
expenses 

Machinery and 
equipment 

Male operators 

Mangoes 

Melons 

Milk cows (dairy cows) . 



Milk goats 

Millet, proso 

Millet seed, foxtail 

Mink and their pelts 

Mint for oil 

Mohair sales 

Motor oil, grease, LP 

gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

etc., expenses 

Motortrucks, including 

pickups 

Mower conditioners 

Mules, burros, and 

donkeys 

Mungbeans for beans . . 

Mushrooms 

Mustard cabbage 

Mustard greens 

Mustard seed 



N 

Natural gas expenses 

Nectarines 

Nematode control in 

crops 

Net cash return from 

agricultural sales 

Nonfamily held 

corporations 

Number of farms 



45 



3,10,48-53 



3,16 



1,2,16 

4 
29 
31 



Nursery and greenhouse 
crops 

Nursery and greenhouse 
crops sales, value 

Nursery crops-shrubs, 
trees, etc 



1,10,12,18,47,48-53 
16,17,48-53 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 

48-53 

41 

44 

41 
44 
41 

14,48-53 

13,48-53 
13,48-53 

41 

46 



14,48-53 

15.48-53 

4,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

42,46 

2,42,46,47,48-53 

46 



Oat sales, value 

Oats for grain 

Occupation of operator . 



2,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX—Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



O— Con. 

Off-farm work by 
operator 

Okra 

Olives 

Onions, dry and green.. 

Operator characteristics- 
residence, age, race, 
occupation, off-farm 
work, sex, Spanish 
origin, years on 
present farm 

Oranges 

Orchardgrass seed 

Orchards 

Organization of farm .... 

Other farm production 
expenses 

Other field crops sales, 
value 

Other grains sales, value 

Other livestock and live- 
stock products sales, 
value 

Other poultry 

Owned land 

P 

Papayas 

Parsley 

Part owners 

Partnership, type of 

organization 

Passion fruit 

Pastureland and grazing 

land 

Pastureland and other 

land irrigated 

Payroll expenses 

Peaches 

Peanuts for nuts 

Pears 

Peas, Austrian winter . . . 
Peas, Chinese or ming . 

Peas, dry edible 

Peas, green 

Pecans 

Peppers 

Persimmons 

Petroleum products 

expenses 

Pheasants 

Pickup balers 

Pigeons or squab 



1,16,48-53 



2,47,48-53 
10,48-53 



3,10,14.48-53 
13,48-53 



1,10,16 
27 
28 
27 



16,17,48-53 
45 

42-44,48-53 
1,16,48-53 


10,16 

28 

26 

1,15,16,28 

10,16 


5,48-53 


3,16 


2,48-53 
2,48-53 


2,16 
2,16 



2,16 
22 



45 


28 


_ 


27 


16,48-53 


10,16 


1,16,48-53 


10,16 


- 


28 


7.48-53 


5 


9 


7 


1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


45,48-53 


28 


42-44,48-53 


1,15,16,25 


45 


28 


- 


26 


- 


27 


44 


25 


44,48-53 


27 


45,48-53 


28, 


- 


27 


- 


28 



3,16 
22 



P— Con. 

Pimientos 

Pineapples 

Pistachios 

Plums 

Pomegranates 

Ponies and horses 

Popcorn 

Potatoes, Irish 

Potatoes, sweet 

Poultry and poultry 

products sales, value.. 

Poultry hatched 

Principal occupation 

of operator 

Production expenses . . . 
Property taxes, 

expenses 

Proso millet 

Prunes 

Pullets 

Pumpkins 

Q 

Quail 

R 

Rabbits and their pelts . 

Race of operator 

Radishes 

Rangeland 

Rapeseed 

Raspberries 

Redtop seed 

Rent paid in cash, 
expenses 

Rent received, farm- 
related income 

Repair and maintenance 
expenses 

Residence of operator.. 

Rhubarb 

Rice 

Romaine and lettuce . . . 

Rye for grain 

Ryegrass seed 

S 

Safflower 

Sales of agricultural 
products 



1,42,44,48-53 

.45 

20,41,48-53 

44 

1,42-44.48-53 

42,44,48-53 

2,20,48-53 



1,16,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 

3,10,48-53 
44 
45 
22 



41 
16,48-53 



7,48-53 



3,10,48-53 

5,48-53 

3,10,48-53 
16,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

44 

42,44 

44 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 



27 
1,15.16,31 
28 
28 
28 
13 
24 
1,15,16,25 
25 

2,16 
22 

1,10,16 
1.3,16 

3.16 
24 
28 
14 
27 



22 



3,16 
10,16 
27 
1,15,16,24 
27 
24 
26 



24 
1,2,16 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 5 



j5''5^99 oHi INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



S— Con. 

Salt hay 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and 

trees purchased 

Set aside programs, 

acreage 

Sex of operator 

Shallots 

Sheep and lambs 

Sheep and lambs shorn 
Sheep, lambs, and wool 

sales, value 

Size of farm, average. . . 

Small grain hay 

Snap beans, bush and 

pole 

Sod 

Sorghum 

Sorghum for grain sales, 

value 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), dry 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), green 

Soybeans 

Soybeans sales, value.. 
Spanish origin, 

operators of 

Spelt and emmer 

Spinach 

Squash 

Standard industrial 

classification of farms . 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, 

and bull calves 

Strawberries 

Sudangrass seed 

Sugar beets 

Sugarcane 

Sunflower seed 

Sweet corn 

Sweet corn for seed . . . . 
Sweet potatoes 

T 

Tame dry hay 

Tangelos 

Tangerines 

Taro 

Taxes, property, 

expenses 

Tenant operated farms . 



3,10,48-53 



7,10,48-53 
16,17,48-53 



10,20,38,39,48-53 
38,48-53 



18,48-53 

20,25,48-53 
43,44 

42-44,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

1,42,44,48-53 

44,48-53 

42,44,48-53 



43,44 



5,48-53 
16,48-53 



31 

3 

5 

10 

27 

1,13,16 

13 



2,20,38,47,48-53 

1,48-53 

43,44 


2,13,16 

1,16 

26 


44,48-53 

46 

1,42-44,48-53 


27 

30 

1,15,16,24 

26,31 


2,48-53 


2,16 


- 


25 


1,42-44,48-53 
2,48-53 


27 

1,15,16,25 

2,16 


16,17,48-53 


35 
24 
27 
27 



2,16 

11,16 

29 

26 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,24 

27 

31 

25 



16,26 
28 
28 
31 

3 
10,16 



T— Con. 

Tenure of operator 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco 

Tobacco sales, value . . . 

Tomatoes 

Tractors, wheel 

Triticale 

Trout sales 

Trucks, including 

pickups 

Turkeys 

Turnip greens 

Turnips 

Type of farm 

Type of organization .... 

V 

Value of agricultural 

products sold 

Value of land and 

buildings 

Value of machinery 

and equipment 

Vegetable and flower 

seeds 

Vegetables, greenhouse 
Vegetables harvested for 

sale 

Vegetables, sweet corn, 

and melons sales, value 
Vetch seed 

W 

Walnuts, English 

Watercress 

Watermelons 

Weeds, chemical 

control 

Wheat for grain 

Wheat sales, value 

Wheatgrass seed 

Wheel tractors 

Wild hay 

Wild rice 

Woodland 

Wool, pounds shorn 

Work off-farm by 

operator 

Y 

Years on present farm. . 



16,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

13,48-53 



13,48-53 
20,21,24,48-53 



18,48-53 
1,16,48-53 



1,2, 



1,10 



10,18,47,48-53 

1,10,18,48-53 

12,18,47,48-53 

46 
46 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

45,48-53 

44 

15,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,48-53 

13,48-53 
43,44 

1,7,48-53 
38,48-53 

1,16,48-53 
47,48-53 



6 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



PUBLICATION PROGRAM 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Results of the 1 987 Census of Agriculture are being published 
in a series of reports which provide data for each county (or 
equivalent), each State, the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, 
the Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, and the 
Northern Mariana Islands. The publications include statistics on 
the number of farms; land In farms; farm and operator character- 
istics; livestock, poultry, and their products; crop production and 
value; operating expenditures; irrigation; and other characteris- 
tics of farms. 

Publication order forms may be obtained from Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233, any U.S. Department of Commerce 
district office, or by calling (301) 763-1113. 

ADVANCE REPORTS (AC87-A-01 -000(A) TO 56-000(A) 

Advance Reports are published separately for each county (or 
equivalent) in the United States with 10 farms or more, for each 
State, and the United States. The reports contain data for all 
agricultural operations with $1 ,000 or more in actual or potential 
sales of agricultural products in the census year. The Advance 
Reports contain final data for major data items together with 
comparable data from the 1982 census. Included in the reports 
are data on number of farms, land in farms, size of farms, land 
use practices, farm operator characteristics, sales expenditures, 
machinery and equipment, livestock, poultry, dairy products sold, 
and major crops harvested (which vary by State). No advance 
reports are available for Puerto Rico, Guam, or the U.S. Virgin 
Islands. 

VOLUME 1. GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 
(AC87-A-1 TO 56) 

State and County Data (A-1 to 50) are published showing 
detailed data in national and State tables for the United States, 
and in county and State tables separately for each State. These 
reports include data on number and size of farms; crop produc- 
tion; livestock, poultry, and their products; tenure, age, and 
occupation of operators; types of organization; value of products 
sold; and standard industrial classification of farms. 

Summary and State Data (A-51) 

• Chapter 1. National level data 

• Chapter 2. State level data 

Outlying Areas (A-52 to 56) provide detailed data for the 
regions and municipios of Puerto Rico; the election districts of 
Guam; the U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa; and Northern 
Mariana Islands. 

VOLUME 2. SUBJECT SERIES (AC87-S-1 TO 6) 

Agricultural Atlas of the United States (ACB7-S-1), formerly 
the Graphic Summary, presents a profile of the Nation's agricul- 
ture in a series of dot and multicolor pattern maps. The maps 
provide displays on size and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, 
market value of products sold, crops harvested, livestock inven- 
tories, and other characteristics of farms. 

Coverage Evaluation (AC87-S-2) provides national and regional 
level estimates on the completeness of the census, in terms of 
both the number of farms missed and selected characteristics of 
those farms. 

Ranking of States and Counties (AC87-S-3) presents the 
ranking of the top 20 States and the top 100 counties of 
importance of selected items from the 1 987 census. Comparative 
data from the 1 982 census are included in most tables. Tables 
also show cumulative totals for States and counties. 



History (AC87-S-4) is a concise description of the major 
census operations together with facsimiles of selected data 
tables. It explains the history of the agriculture census, farm 
definition, data collection and processing, and dissemination of 
census data. 

Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural 
Products Sold (AC87-S-5) shows detailed data for farms cross- 
tabulated by combined market value of agricultural products sold 
and Government payments received, including detailed national 
data and selected data for each State. 

ZIP Code Tabulations of Selected Items From the 1987 
Census of Agriculture (AC87-S-6) provides tabulations by five- 
digit ZIP Code for selected items from the 1987 census. Data 
items include number of farms, land in farms, farms by size, 
market value of agricultural products sold by size of sale, 
livestock inventory, cropland harvested, and selected crops. 

VOLUME 3. RELATED SURVEYS (AC87-RS-1 AND 2) 

The Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey (AC87-RS-1) pro- 
vides statistical data collected from a sample of farm operations 
from the 1987 Census of Agriculture. The publication offers 
information on acres irrigated, land use, yields of specified crops, 
methods of water distribution, quantity of water used by its 
source, and other irrigation practices. 

Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey (AC87- 
RS-2) provides data on indebtedness, expenditures, income and 
assets for both farm operators and landlords. This report also 
includes measures of credit used for purchases and expendi- 
tures, debt by type of lender, assets, off-farm income, and other 
land ownership data. 

VOLUME 4. CENSUS OF HORTICULTURAL 
SPECIALTIES (AC87-HOR-1) 

This report includes detailed information on the horticultural 
establishments with production and sales of $2,000 or more. It 
provides data on number of establishments, value of sales of 
horticultural products, type of horticultural products, and kinds of 
horticultural businesses, for the United States, States, and 
counties. 

ELECTRONIC MEDIA 

Flexible Diskette— The Advance Reports of the 1 987 Census 
of Agriculture are available on flexible diskettes. The files can be 
used with any compatible microcomputer employing the PC-DOS 
2.0 or higher operating system. Diskettes can be obtained by 
calling (301) 763-4100. 

Computer Tapes— Public-use computer tapes contain the 
same summary statistics that are found in the published reports. 
Two files are available for each State: data for counties and the 
aggregated State-level data. Order forms may be obtained from 
the Data User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of 
the Census, Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM)— Data for the 
conterminous United States and Puerto Rico are available on 
CD-ROM. The CD-ROM can be obtained from the Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Online Access— National and State level data from the 1987 
Census of Agriculture are available on CENDATA through two 
information vendors— CompuServe and DIALOG. In addition, the 
advance reports, highlights of the Subject Series, and Related 
Surveys reports, are available online from AGRIDATA. For infor- 
mation on these services call (301) 763-4100.