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Full text of "1987 census of agriculture"

V ' ""/ ' / p 



1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 



AC87-A-20 



Volume 1 

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 

Part 20 

Maryland 

state and County Data 



University of West Florida 

REREiVEB 

f^iAR 2 9 1969 

Library Locuments Dept. 

89 175 

DOCUMENTS DcPT. 103A 




RECEIVED 



SEP C 7 2&:»3 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

GOVERWMENT DOCUMEWTS DEPARTMENT 



U.S. Department of Commerce 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



\^v. 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 



This report was prepared in the Agriculture Division. Many 
other divisions contributed to this preparation: Data Preparation 
performed the clerical processing; Administrative Services pro- 
vided the forms design and other administrative services; Publi- 
cations Services contributed in publication planning and design, 
editorial review, composition, and printing procurement; Com- 
puter Services provided the computer processing facilities; Field 
provided selected data collection activities; Economic Program- 
ming prepared the computer programs; and Economic Surveys 
assisted in preparation of data collection and processing proce- 
dures and computer programs. 

Members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agriculture 
Statistics and representatives of both public and private 



organizations made significant recommendations which helped 
establish data content. 

Members of various agencies of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture provided valuable advice in the planning, publicizing, 
and processing phases of the census, and in helping farmers and 
ranchers complete the report forms. 

The press, farm magazines, radio and television stations, and 
farm organizations were most helpful in publicizing the census 
and encouraging cooperation of farm and ranch operators. 

Special tribute is paid to the millions of farm and ranch 
operators who furnished the information requested. Only through 
their cooperation was it possible to collect and publish the data in 
this report. 



If you have any questions concerning the statistics in this report, call: 

(301) 763-8555 Division Chief 

(301) 763-8567 Crops Branch 

(301) 763-8569 Livestock Branch 

(301) 763-8566 Farm Economics Branch 

(301) 763-1113 General Information 
(301) 763-8558 Statistical Methodology 



2.5//4-'f^7/^. l/fH: 2o/cL. 




VOLUME 1 

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 



1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 

AC87-A-20 
Changed November 1989 



CHANGE SHEET 
Maryland 



Following are changes to the 1987 Census of Agriculture volume 1 publications: 



Table 17 Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, 
and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see ml 


oduclor> text] 


















Female operators 


Operators ot 
Spanisti ongin' 


Farms operated by Black and other races 


Characteristics 


Black 


American Indian 


Asian 


Other 
(see text) 


1987 OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by days ot work off farm 

Any 

100 10 199dayb 


623 
104 


25 
2 


192 
36 


2 


10 


11 
3 



'See chapter 1, table 16, tor operators not ot or not reporting Spanish ofigin 



University of West Florida 

RECEIVED 

JUN 1 8 1990 

Library Documents Dept. 

90 ^31 

DOCUMENTS DEPT. i03A 



.^<">. 



U.S. Department of Commerce 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Table 18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Value of selected capital 

assets', average per farm 

(dollars) 



Value of selected capital 

assets', average per farm 

(dollars) 



Crops (01).-- 

Cash grains (011) - 

Wtieat (0111) 

Rice (0112) - 

Corn (0115) 

Soybeans (0116) 

Casti grains, nee (0119) 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) -- 

Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) 

Insh potatoes (0134) 

Field crops, except casti grains, H-ec, (0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Berry crops (0171) 

Grapes (0172) --- 

Tree nuts (0173) _- -.. 

Citrus Iruils (0174) 

Deciduous tree fruits (0175) 

Fruits and tree nuts, nee (0179) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

Ornamental floriculture and nursery products (0181) 
Food crops grown under cover (0182) 



566 984 
354 333 
839 578 

238 411 

153 758 



224 715 
201 107 
183 919 



352 762 
354 660 
266 750 



49 719 
41 243 
88 786 



30 303 
38 719 
17 514 



70 823 
70 335 
90 833 



General farms, pnmartly crop (019) 

Livestock and animal specialties (02) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties 

(021) - 

Beef cattle feedlots (0211) 

Beef catlle, except feedlots (0212) 

Hogs (0213) 

Stieep and goats (0214) 

General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 
specialties (0219) 

Dairy farms (024) - 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251) 

Chicken eggs (0252) 

Turkeys and turkey eggs (0253) _ -,, 

Poultry hatcheries (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, nee (0259) 

Animal specialties (027) 

Fur-bearing animals and rabbits (0271) 

Horses and other equines (0272) 

Animal aquaculture (0273) 

Animal specialties, nee (0279) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) - 



340 592 
333 319 



256 883 
220 024 
266 645 
198 194 
343 821 

342 731 



37 757 
43 355 



25 529 

23 896 

24 406 
32 410 
13 464 

46 033 



318 717 


56 336 


317 072 


54 494 


210 034 


37 746 


146 too 


31 190 


990 333 


686 483 


652 774 


31 353 


266 613 


21 498 


273 003 


21 540 


300 000 


92 58S 


84 679 


17 232 



'Data are based c 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 
















Item 


All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 


Total 


Full owners 


Pan owners 


Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold farmS-- 

number,. 


294 
5 291 643 


208 
4 044 062 


59 
650 856 


27 
596 725 


188 
5 260 607 


122 
4 023 277 


45 
640 743 


21 
596 487 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Total 


Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


Other than family held 


Other - 
cooperative. 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 
stock, 
holders 


estate or 

trust, 

institutional. 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold farms.. 

number.. 


294 
5 291 643 


254 
3 593 103 


21 
508 004 


15 
1 172 355 


12 
1 035 166 


11 
(D) 


3 
137 189 




4 
18 181 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total (arming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold_ 



2 MARYLAND 



805 576 580 873 331 745 367 461 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see tnlroductory text) 







Other occupattons 


Item 


Total 


Age o1 operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 10 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold. 


- larms.. 

numlwr.. 


131 
2 58S 3S4 




22 
362 444 


37 
425 959 


37 
258 399 


26 
1 486 915 


9 
51 637 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


Total 


1 to 9 


10 to 49 


50 to 69 
acres 


70 to 99 


100 to 139 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


farms., 

number.. 


294 

5 291 643 


69 
1 111 051 


98 
1 294 795 


24 
129 339 


16 
234 567 


23 
350 090 


Item 


140 10 179 
acres 


180 10 219 
acres 


220 to 259 
acres 


260 to 499 
acres 


500 10 999 


1.000 to 1,999 


2.000 acres or 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


farms.. 

number.. 


12 
95 090 


17 
50 903 


7 
1 165 030 


16 
601 813 


8 
194 864 


3 
(D) 


1 
(D) 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 



(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





All farms 


$500,000 or more 
















Item 


$1,000,000 


Total 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold. larms.. 

number.. 


294 
5 291 643 


16 
2 574 130 


24 
3 133 040 


11 
372 882 


53 
1 108 514 


47 
407 207 


11 
39 515 


Item 


$25,000 to 
S39.999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


$5,000 to 
$9,999 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less tfian 
$2,500 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullels sold farms.. 

number.. 


17 
127 530 


3 
47 400 


22 
24 419 


19 
11 101 


23 
16 885 


64 
3 150 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 







Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 




^ 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, 

except cash 

grains, n e c 

(0133, 0134. 

0139) 


Fruits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


farms.. 

number.. 


294 
5 291 643 


15 
10 936 


1 044 




1 
(D) 


3 

(D) 


3 
190 




item 


Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 


General farms, 

pnmarily crop 

(019) 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 


Dairy farms 
(024) 


Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 


Animal 

specialties 

(027) 


General farms, 
pnmarily 


Total 


Beet canle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 


livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold... 


farmS-- 

number.. 


; 


5 
370 


67 
12 094 


17 
693 


21 
1 947 


156 
5 212 806 


5 
177 


18 
52 079 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MARYLAND 3 



Following are changes to appendix C: 



Table B Reliability Estimates for 

Number of Farms in a County 
Reporting a Complete Count 
Item: 1987 



Farms 


Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 


Number o( farms reporting: 
25 


8.0 




5.7 




4.6 




4.0 




3.3 




28 




2.3 




1.8 








1.2 















Table c Reliability Estimates for 

Number of Farms in a County 
Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Farms 


Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 


Number of farms reporting; 
25 .. 


















13.8 








96 



























Note, Sample items £ 



1 sections 23 to 28 of the report form 



22 of the report 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

{percent) 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



100 to 199 £ 
200 to 499 c 



farms., 
acres.. 



Market value of agricultural products sold: 
Value of sales: 

$10,000 to $24.999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$25,000 to $49,999 farms. 

$1,000, 

$50,000 to $99.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
Net cash return from agricultural sales' 
Net cash return from agricultural sales tor the farm unit (see text): 

Farms with net gains^ number 

$1,000, 

Farms with net losses number. 

$1,000, 

Total farm production expenses' fai 

$1,000 

Livestock and poultry purchased 

$1,000, 

Feed for livestock and poultry fai 

$1,000. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees _ fat 

$1,000 
Commercial fertilizer fai 

$1,000 
Agncultural chemicals far 

$1,000 
Petroleum products fai 

$1 .000 
Electricity fai 

$1,000, 

Hired farm labor fai 

$1,1 
Contract labor fai 

$1.1 
Repair and maintenance fai 



Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment fai 

Interest 

Cash rent fai 

$1.1 

Property taxes fai 

All other farm production expenses 



000 



J included as farms with gains. 



4 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table E. Reliability Estimates of Percent Change in State Totals: 1982 to 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Item 


All farms 


Farms wittl 

sales of 
$10,000 or 






All farms 


Farms with 

sales of 
$10,000 or 


Standard 

error 

of estimate 

(percent) 


Standard 

error 

of estimate 

(percent) 




Standard 

of estimate 
(percent) 


Standard 

of estimate 
(percent) 


Selected farm production expenses'. 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Feed lor livestock and poultry _ farms., 

$1,000.. 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

$1,000.. 


3.1 
28 
2.0 
1.5 
19 
2.5 


3.2 
2 7 
22 
15 
1.7 
25 


Selected farm production expenses*— Con. 
Commercial fertilizer^ farms 

$1,000 
Agncultural ctiemicals' farms 

$1,000 
Hired farm labor farms 

$1,000 
Interest^ farms 

$1,000 




1.5 
1.7 
2.0 
2.6 
2.4 
2.4 
3.0 
24 


1.4 
1.7 
1.7 
2.7 
2.4 
24 
2.9 
2.4 



'Data are based on a sample of (arms 

'Data tor 1987 include cost of custom applications 

^Data tor 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



Table F Reliability Estimates of County Totals: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Selected farm production expenses' 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Commercial fertilizer 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Hired farm labor 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Petroleum products 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil - 

Charles 

Dorchester .. 
Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery . 

Pnnce George 
Queen Anne's 
SI Marys -.. 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington.. 

Wicomico 

Worcester ... 



'Data< 



> based on a sample of farms 



Table G. State Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the Mail List: 1987 



;timates and relative standard t 



; discovered for selected data i 



> States Corrected estimates 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MARYLAND 5 



U.S. Department of Commerce 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Washington, D.C. 20233 

Official Business 

Penalty for Private Use. S300 




COM 202 
First Class Mail 




1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 



AC87-A-20 



Volume 1 
GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 

Part 20 

Maryland 

state and County Data 



Issued February 1989 



/%m/\. 




^JtT^t^ 



/ 



U.S. Department of Commerce 

Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary 

Robert Ortner, Under Secretary 

for Economic Affairs 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

C. L. Kincannon, Deputy Director 



Charles A. Waite, Associate Director for 

Economic Programs 

Roger H. Bugenhagen, Assistant Director for 

Economic and Agriculture Censuses 

Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Chief, 
Economic Census Staff 

AGRICULTURE DIVISION 
Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Census of agriculture (1987). Geographic area series. 
1987 census of agriculture. Geographic area series. 

Includes indexes. 

Supt. of Docs, no.: C 3.31/4:987/v.1 

1 . Agriculture— Economic aspects— United States- 
Statistics. 2. Agriculture — Economic aspects — United 
States— States— Statistics. 3. Agriculture— Economic 
aspects — United States— Territories and possessions 
—Statistics. I. United States. Bureau of the Census. 
II. Title. 
HD1769.C46 1987 338.1 '0973'021 88-600103 



For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government 
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction VII 

Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 1 



FIGURES 

1. State Map 2 

2. Profile of State's Agriculture: 1987 3 

3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 4 

4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 4 

5. Land Use: 1987 5 

6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 5 

7. Value of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 6 

8. Production Expenses: 1987 6 



TABLES 

CHAPTER 1. State Data 

1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 7 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 9 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 10 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 12 

5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 13 

6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 14 

7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 15 

8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982 16 

9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 16 

10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 17 

11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 18 

12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

16. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by 

Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 20 

1 7. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, and Specified Racial 

Groups: 1987 and 1982 21 

18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 23 

19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 24 

20. Livestock and Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 25 

21. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 25 

22. Broilers and Started Pullets-Sales: 1987 and 1982 26 

23. Poultry- Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 26 

24. Turkeys-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 27 

25. Cattle and Calves- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 27 

26. Cattle and Calves -Sales: 1987 and 1982 28 

27. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 28 

28. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 29 

29. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 29 

30. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 30 

31. Cattle and Calves-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 30 

32. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory: 1987 and 1982 30 

33. Hogs and Pigs-Sales: 1987 and 1982 31 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS III 



Page 

34. Hogs and Pigs- Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 31 

35. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 31 

36. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 32 

37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Farrowed: 1987 32 

38. Sheep and Lambs- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 32 

39. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 33 

40. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 33 

41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 34 

42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 35 

43. Specified Crops Harvested— Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 35 

44. Specified Crops by Acres Han/ested: 1987 and 1982 36 

45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 37 

46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1987 and 

1982 - 38 

47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 39 

48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 40 

49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 50 

50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 60 

51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 80 

52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 100 

53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 120 

CHAPTER 2. County Data 

1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 140 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 and 

1982 143 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 149 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm-Related Income, and 
Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 152 

5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 155 

6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Han/ested: 1987 and 1982 161 

7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 164 

8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 167 

9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 170 

10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 and 1982 172 

11. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 178 

12. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 184 

13. Sheep and Horses- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 187 

14. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 189 

15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 192 

16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 195 

17. Milk Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 209 

18. Angora Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 209 

19. Mink and Their Pelts- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 209 

20. Colonies of Bees and Honey- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 210 

21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 

22. Miscellaneous Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 210 

23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 211 

24. Grains-Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 212 

25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1987 and 1982. 215 

26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 216 

27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 219 

28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 226 

29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 228 

30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1987 and 1982 230 

31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 233 

32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1987 and 1982 233 

33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 234 

34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 234 

35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 235 

36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 235 

IV CONTENTS 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Page 

APPENDIXES 

A. General Explanation A-1 

B. Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program B-1 

C. Statistical Methodology C-1 

D. Report Form and Information Sheet D-1 

Index Index 1 

Publication Program Inside back cover 

*Not published for this State. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS V 



INTRODUCTION 



Page 

HISTORY VII 

USES OF THE CENSUS VII 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED VII 

FARM DEFINITION VII 

COMPARABILITY OF DATA VII 

TABULAR PRESENTATION VII 

ADVANCE REPORTS VIII 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION VIII 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS VIII 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES VIM 

INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES DATA VIII 

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS VIM 



fifth year after 1983 covering the prior year. The 1987 
census includes each State, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the 
Virgin Island of the United States. A census of agriculture 
will be conducted in American Samoa and the Common- 
wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in conjunction with 
the 1990 Census of Population and Housing. 

FARM DEFINITION 



HISTORY 

The 1 987 Census of Agriculture is the 23d taken by the 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The 
first agriculture census was taken in 1840 as part of the 
sixth decennial census of population. From 1840 to 1950, 
an agriculture census was taken as part of the decennial 
census. A separate mid-decade census of agriculture was 
conducted in 1925, 1935, and 1945. From 1954 to 1974, a 
census of agriculture was taken for the years ending in 4 
and 9. In 1976, Congress authorized the census of agri- 
culture to be taken for 1 978 and 1 982 to adjust the data 
reference year so that it coincided with the economic 
censuses covering manufacturing, mining, construction, 
retail trade, wholesale trade, service industries, and selected 
transportation activities. This adjustment in timing estab- 
lished the agriculture census on a 5-year cycle collecting 
data for years ending in 2 and 7. 

USES OF THE CENSUS 

The census of agriculture is the leading source of 
statistics about the Nation's agricultural production and the 
only source of consistent, comparable data at the county. 
State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by 
Congress in developing and changing farm programs and 
for determining the effects of these programs. Many 
national and State programs are designed or allocated on 
the basis of census data, such as funds for extension 
services, research, and soil conservation projects. Private 
industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective 
production and distribution system for the agricultural 
community. 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED 

The census of agriculture is required by law under Title 
13, United States Code, sections 142(a) and 191, which 
directs that a census be taken in 1979, 1983, and in every 



Since 1850, when minimum criteria defining a farm for 
census purposes first were established, the farm definition 
has been changed nine times. The current definition, first 
used for the 1974 census, is any place from which $1,000 
or more of agricultural products were produced and sold or 
normally would have been sold during the census year. 
The farm definition used for the outlying areas varies 
according to area. The report for each area includes a 
discussion of the farm definition. 



COMPARABILITY OF DATA 

Data on acreages and inventories for 1987 and 1982 
are generally comparable. Dollar figures shown for expenses 
and agricultural product sales are expressed in current 
dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation or defla- 
tion. In general, data for censuses since 1974 are not fully 
comparable with data for 1 969 and earlier censuses due to 
changes in the farm definition. 

The 1978 U.S., region, and State data shown in the 
1978 Census of Agriculture publications included data for 
farms on the mail list plus estimates from an area sample 
for farms not on the mail list. For comparability, the 1978 
data in the 1987 publications include only farms on the 
mail list. 



TABULAR PRESENTATION 

State data— Tables 1 through 47 in chapter 1 show 
detailed State-level data usually accompanied by historical 
data for one or more past censuses. Tables 48 through 53 
provide 1 987 State data cross-tabulated by various farm 
classifications. 

County data— Chapter 2 presents selected data items 
by county. Tables 1 through 16 include general data for all 
counties. The counties are listed in alphabetical order in 
the column headings. Tables 17 through 36 include only 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INTRODUCTION VII 



counties reporting the data item. Counties not having the 
item, or with a limited number of farms reporting the item, 
have data combined and presented as "all other counties." 

ADVANCE REPORTS 

Advance reports of 1 987 census data have been pub- 
lished separately for each county with 10 farms or more, 
each State, and the United States. This series provided, at 
the earliest possible date, final data on major data items 
together with comparable final data from the 1 982 census. 
Data items are standard across States except information 
on selected crops harvested, which vary by State accord- 
ing to their relative importance in the State. 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION 

The volume 1 data are available on computer tapes and 
compact disc. The advance report data are available on 
computer tapes, computer diskettes, and through elec- 
tronic data services such as the AGRIDATA network, the 
CENDATA package on Dialog, CompuServe on-line ser- 
vices, and the Census Bureau's State Data Center Bulletin 
Board. Computer tapes, diskettes, and compact discs are 
sold by the Customer Services Branch, Data User Services 
Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233 
(telephone (301) 763-4100). 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS 

Custom designed tabulations can be developed to 
individual user specifications on a programming cost reim- 
bursable basis. Inquiries about special tabulations should 
be directed to the Chief, Agriculture Division, Bureau of the 
Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES 

In keeping with the provisions of Title 13, United States 
Code, no data are published that would disclose the 
operations of an individual farm. However, the number of 



farms in a given size category or other classification, such 
as size of farm, is not considered a release of confidential 
information and is provided even though other information 
is withheld. 



INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES 
DATA 

Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and 
equipment are measured as of December 31 of the census 
year. Crop and livestock production, sales, and expense 
data are for the calendar year, except for a few crops (such 
as citrus) for which the production year overlaps the 
calendar year. 



ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS 

The following abbreviations and symbols are used through- 
out the tables: 

Represents zero. 

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual 

farms. 

(IC) Independent city. 

(NA) Not available. 

(S) Withheld because estimate did not meet pub- 

lication standards on the basis of either the 
response rate (associated relative standard 
error) or a consistency review. 

(X) Not applicable. 

(Z) Less than half of the unit shown. 

cwt Hundredweight. 

sq ft Square feet. 



VIII INTRODUCTION 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 

[Dollar figures are in current dollars with no adjustment for price cfianges. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms number. 

Land in farms --- -- - acres. 

Average size of farm acres- 
Value of land and buildings^ 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres - 

10 to 49 acres — 

50 to 179 acres .-. - 

180 to 499 acres.. - 

500 to 999 acres - 

1.000 to 1.999 acres -. 

2,000 acres or more 

Harvested cropland farms. 

acres. 
Irngated land farms. 

Market value of agncultural products sold $1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000. 

Grains - $1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed $1,000. 

Tobacco $1,000. 

Hay, sitage, and field seeds --- $1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons $1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and bemes $1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops ' $1,000. 

Other crops - $1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products $1,000. 

Dairy products $1,000. 

Cattle and calves $1,000. 

Hogs and pigs $1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool $1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) $1,000. 

Farms by type of organization: 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) 

Partnership 

Corporation 

Other -cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 

Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days worked off fann: 

Any 

200 days or more 

Average age of operator years. 

Total farm production expenses^ farms. 

$1,000. 

Selected farm production expenses': 

Livestock and poultry purchased $1,000. 

Feed for livestock and poultry $1,000. 

Commercial fertilizer^ $1,000. 

Agricultural chemicals^ $1,000. 

Petroleum products $1,000, 

Hired farm labor $1,000, 

Interest expense^ $1,000. 

Livestock and poultry inventory: 

Cattle and calves farms. 

number. 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

number. 

Chickens 3 months old or older farms. 

number. 

Selected crops harvested: 
Corn for grain or seed farms. 

acres. 
Wheat for grain farms. 

acres. 
Barley tor grain. farms. 

acres. 
Tobacco farms. 

acres. 
Soybeans for beans _ farms. 

acres. 
Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small gram, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see 
text) farms. 

acres. 
Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms, 

acres. 



1 838 
4 400 
4 865 

2 591 
712 
284 

66 

11 960 

1 346 913 

1 074 

50 762 



66 937 
253 056 
123 049 

15 731 

10 116 
28 205 

8 473 
63 869 

3 612 

736 006 
425 871 
187 216 
56 718 
37 032 
1 274 
27 894 



12 738 

1 323 

619 



102 147 
300 284 
50 516 
26 447 
30 365 
81 230 
40 272 



5 780 
308 052 

1 694 
110 463 

1 322 
197 214 

1 337 
060 760 



432 409 
3 112 
146 081 
1 541 
59 268 
1 357 
10 780 
3 697 
405 170 



2 015 

4 822 

5 263 

2 978 
789 
252 

64 

13 672 

1 528 994 

845 

38 556 

1 029 244 
63 600 
339 430 
204 388 

41 990 

7 456 
23 819 
12 945 
45 789 

3 043 

689 815 
366 495 
204 228 
54 539 
33 824 
779 
29 949 



98 291 
275 819 
72 146 
27 401 
45 329 
68 545 
58 509 



7 002 
355 418 

2 218 
128 183 

1 861 
179 149 

1 926 
4 404 290 



7 281 
620 198 

3 153 
138 204 

1 806 
72 491 

2 489 
24 840 

3 965 
413 137 

6 709 
229 046 

1 403 
38 331 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 

'Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications 

^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MARYLAND 1 



Figure 1 . State Map 



%-^ 



o 

2 

< 

> 
cc 

< 




E 

u 

U 3 



I' 



2 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figure 2. Profile of state's Agriculture: 1987 











Farms by size 


50 to 1 79 acres 




'. 33.1 


180 to 499 acres | 


! 17.5 








500 to 999 acres [:;;;;:;' 


4.8 








1,000 to 1,999 acres [ ' i 


9 








2,000 acres or more [! q ^ 










Less than $2,500 [ 




; 28.2 




Farms by value of 
products sold 


$2,500 to $9,999 | 




: 25.9 


$10,000 to $49,999 | 




1.1 






$50,000 to $99,999 [ 


73 








$100,000 to $249,999 | 


: 10.6 








$250,000 or more [ 


,.,.: 6 9 








Less than $40,000 { 
$40,000 to $99,999 | 


1 

' 118 

16,0 






Farms by value of 
land and buildings 


$100,000 to $499,999 j 






j 53.7 




$500,000 to $999,999 [ 


10.5 








$1,000,000 or more [ 


m 7.9 








Other 1 0.6 
Corporation {ii;j 


4.2 






Farms by type of 
organization 


Partnership f&mi 


:5il| 9.0 


Individual or family \ 








: 36.2 


Full owner j 






63 4 Operators by tenure 


Part owner j 




J 25.0 






Tenant j 


11 S 








None [ 
1 to 99 days | 


8,1 


, 39.0 




Operators working 
off farm 


1 00 to 1 99 days | 
200 days or more ' 


..i 8.7 








Not reported 1 


5 9 






Farming j 






j 53.3 

1 1 1 


Operators by 
principal occupation 




Other 


1 1 T 


1 1 1 1 1 1 



10 



20 



30 



40 50 60 

Percent of farms 



70 



80 



90 



100 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MARYLAND 3 



Figure 3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 



Value of sales 
Less than $10,000 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999 
$500,000 or more 



73 
I79 



10 



21.1 



20 






30 
Percent 



Number of farms 

Value of agricultural 
products sold 



40 



50 



60 



Figure 4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 



(Thousands) 



30 



25 — : 



20 



15 — 



10 



5^ 





'-' j 3100,000 or more 
~n 540,000 to $99,999 
1 $10,000 to $39,999 
I Less than $10,000 



1959 



1964 



1969 



1974 

Census year 



1978 



1982 



1987 



4 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figure 5 Land Use: 1987 



Pastureland and 

rangeland 

4.3% 



Woodland 
17.7% 



Land use 
Total acres =2,396,629 



Other cropland — cover, crops failed, 

and summer fallow 

4.6% 




Cropland harvested - 
77.2% 



Cropland 




Figure 6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 

(Thousands of acres) 



400 



350 



300 



250 



200 



150 



100 



50 





432 


405 














rr. - - 




























256 










11 
















146 








F ] 

i 










59 


38 




11 



Corn for grain Soybeans for 
or seed beans 



Hay— all 
types 



Wheat for 
grain 



Barley for Vegetables Tobacco 

grain 



1 987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



MARYLAND 5 



Figure 7. Value of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 

State total = $736,006,000 



Dairy products 
25.4% 



z*^. 



Poultry and poultry products 

57.9% 



Cattle and calves 
7.7% 




All other livestock 
4.0% 



Figures. Production Expenses: 1987 



Livestock purchased 
Feed purchased 



Fertilizer/ 
Chemicals/Seeds 



Labor — Hired/Contract 



Energy cost 

Interest expense 

Other 



40 



80 



120 160 200 

Millions of dollars 



240 



280 



320 



6 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 1. Historical Highliglits: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



All farms 



Farms number. , 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings'. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Estimated market value of 
all machinery and 

equipment' $1.000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

60 to 179 acres 

180 to 499 acres _ 

SOO to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more 

Total cropland farms. - 
acres_- 
Harvested cropland farms. - 
acres-- 

Imgated land farms.. 

acres.- 

Market value of agricultural 

products sold^ $1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Crops, including nursery 
and greentiouse crops .. $1,000.. 
Livestock, poultry, and 
their products $1,000.. 

Farms by value of sales^: 

Less ttian $2,500 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999= 

$25,000 to $49.999« 

$50,000 to $99,999. 

$100,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

Farms by type of 
organization: 
Individual or family (sole 

proprietorship) 

Partnership 

Corporation 

Other — cooperative, 
estate or trust, 
institutional, etc. 

Operators by days worked 
off farm'. 

None. 

Any 

200 days or more 

Operators by pnncipal 
occupation': 

Farming 

Other 

Average age of operator' years.. 

Total farm production 
expenses' $1.000.. 

Selected farm production 
expenses' 
Livestock and poultry 

purchased $1.000.. 

Feed for livestock and 

poultry - $1,000.. 

Commercial fertilizer* $1,000.. 

Petroleum products $1,000.. 

Hired fa^m labor $1,000.. 

Interest expense* $1,000.. 

Agricultural chemicals* ... $1,000.. 

bvestock and poultry: 
Cattle and calves 

inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Beef cows. farms.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms.. 

number.. 

Cattle and calves sold farms.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs inventory... farms.. 

number.. 
Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Chickens 3 months old or 
older inventory'^ farms.. 

number.. 
Broilers and other meat- 
type chickens sold farms.. 

number.. 

See footnotes at end of table 



253 056 
736 006 



4 165 
1 948 

1 881 

2 012 



12 738 

1 323 

619 



5 766 
7 985 
5 504 



527 
851 440 



102 147 

300 284 
50 516 
30 365 
81 230 
40 272 
26 447 



5 780 
308 052 

3 185 
48 454 

1 694 
110 463 



1 322 
197 214 

1 266 
372 470 



257 070 110 



2 015 

4 822 

5 263 
2 978 



14 719 
1 799 220 

13 672 
1 528 994 



339 430 
689 815 



3 891 
2 123 
2 044 
2 388 
1 451 

1 504 

2 525 
239 



6 255 
8 682 
5 876 



98 291 

275 819 
72 146 
45 329 
68 545 
58 509 
27 401 



7 002 
355 418 

3 736 
52 151 

2 218 
128 183 



179 149 

1 625 

335 333 



3 947 
5 430 
3 346 



14 384 
1 809 726 

13 663 
1 477 316 



267 125 

517 434 



3 137 
2 143 
2 247 
2 496 
1 610 

1 713 

2 047 



13 423 

1 541 

497 



6 829 

51 3 



28 140 

62 667 

(NA) 

18 983 



328 598 

3 297 

47 821 

2 429 

124 321 

6 172 



3 399 
5 797 
3 461 



14 068 
1 775 576 

13 183 
1 438 842 



255 595 
362 976 

3 739 
1 631 
1 916 

6 248 

1 538 
74 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



5 551 

6 721 
4 477 



62 948 

159 073 
46 601 
19 066 
36 508 
(NA) 
12 766 



7 219 
380 160 

3 651 
62 977 

3 066 
136 709 



2 523 
150 608 

2 159 
240 631 



1 672 

3 733 
6 931 

4 003 
724 
177 

41 



100 352 
237 629 



5 967 
2 156 
2 298 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



51.6 
278 715 



36 109 

89 012 
19 665 
11 820 
27 263 
(NA) 
5 320 



363 142 

(NA) 

50 812 

3 940 

138 662 

7 483 



3 326 

167 451 

3 080 

287 872 



2 006 
4 684 

8 357 
4 744 



91 231 
182 402 



7 916 
2 843 
2 996 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
9 814 
6 929 



61,8 
(NA) 



26 062 

74 873 
18 872 
12 169 
24 623 
(NA) 
(NA) 



11 619 
415 208 
4 071 
50 393 
6 940 
175 315 



5 946 
150 744 

3 626 
245 818 



73 119 
156 053 



10 476 

3 536 

4 064 
6 997 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
11 784 
7 067 



51 5 
(NA) 



24 067 

62 089 

(NA) 

10 688 

26 921 

(NA) 

(NA) 



15 679 
475 995 
(NA) 
48 376 
11 093 
198 069 



11 468 

216 695 

6 697 

222 446 



236 112 072 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 7 



Table 1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Ail farms 


1987 


1982 


1978 


1974 


1969 


1964 


1959 


1954' 


Selected crops harvested: 


















Corn for grain or seed farms-- 


5 608 


7 281 


7 789 


8 069 


8 622 


11 339 


16 057 


21 278 




432 409 


620 198 


575 652 


519 683 


466 709 


394 344 


398 318 


427 038 


bustiels.. 


31 941 714 


62 845 256 


55 103 713 


44 736 782 


37 976 521 


26 204 724 


21 580 372 


18 070 605 


Wtleat tor gram farms-. 


3 112 


3 153 


2 542 


4 001 


4 246 


6 150 


7 845 


10 100 




146 081 


138 204 


72 531 


131 951 


96 757 


129 993 


150 287 


185 932 


bushels._ 


6 766 273 


5 635 641 


2 589 489 


5 009 981 


3 873 837 


3 879 032 


3 708 867 


4 715 287 


Soybeans for beans farms.. 


3 697 


3 965 


3 751 


3 705 


3 170 


3 845 


4 417 


4 521 




405 170 


413 137 


371 644 


334 389 


200 169 


213 021 


183 393 


137 445 


bustlels__ 


9 352 369 


11 290 198 


11 434 269 


9 307 233 


5 941 113 


3 068 652 


4 439 382 


2 489 419 


Tobacco farms.. 


1 357 


2 489 


2 451 


2 463 


2 738 


4 161 


4 384 


5 601 




10 780 


24 840 


21 260 


20 459 


23 737 


37 214 


39 608 


47 645 


pounds.. 


13 751 729 


32 280 276 


25 954 144 


24 050 946 


24 770 979 


35 636 625 


32 567 804 


38 297 862 


Hay— alfalfa, ottier tame. 


















small grain, wild, grass 


















silage, green ctiop, etc. 


















(see text) farms.. 


6 619 


6 709 


6 966 


6 761 


7 343 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


acres.. 


255 676 


229 046 


255 913 


234 233 


240 672 


365 908 


408 493 


447 405 


tons, dry.. 


593 854 


533 939 


587 186 


541 248 


507 361 


596 148 


766 810 


606 618 


Vegetables harvested for 


















sale (see text)" farms.. 


1 184 


1 403 


1 440 


1 489 


1 865 


2 486 


3 565 


5 345 




38 238 


38 331 


50 832 


51 525 


66 834 


76 047 


82 065 


94 078 



'Data for 1954 exclude Alaska and Hawaii 

^Data are based on a sample of (arms 

^Data for 1974 and pnor years include the value of forest products sold. 

*Data for 1982 and prior years exclude abnormal farms. 

^Data for 1959 are for 510,000 or more 

^Dala for 1954 are for $25,000 or more 

'Data for 1974 apply only to individual or family operations {sole propnetorship) and partnerships; see text. 

^Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications; data for agricultural chemicals exclude the cost of lime for 1987 and 1982. 

^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse 

'°Data for 1964 and prior years are for chickens 4 months old or older. 

''Data lor 1974 were from land area used 



8 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Percent of total in 1987 



Average per farm dollars.- 

Value of sales': 
Less than $1,000 (see text) _ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$1,000 to $2,499 farms.. 

$1.000.. 
$2,500 to $4.999 __ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$5,000 to $9,999 - farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$10,000 10 $19,999 - farms.. 

$1,000.. 

$20,000 to $24,999 farms.. 

51,000.. 
S26.000 to $39,999 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$40,000 10 $49,999 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$50,000 to $99,999 farms.. 

$1,000- 

$100,000 to $249,999 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$250,000 10 $499,999 farms.. 

$1,000-. 
$500,000 to $999.999^ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$1,000,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales by commodity or commodity group: 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops. farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Grams. farms 

$1,000 
Corn for grain farms 

$1,000 
Wheat.. farms 

$1,000 
Soybeans farms 

$1,000 

Sorghum for gram farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats - __ farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains^ farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Tobacco farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hay. silage, and field seeds farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms.. 

$1,000., 

Fruits, nuts, and berries _ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms., 

$1.000., 
Other crops farms., 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms., 

$1,000-, 

Poultry and poultry products farms., 

$1,000., 

Dain/ products farms.. 

$1.000., 

Cattle and calves farms.. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms., 

$1,000., 
Sheep, lambs, and wool farms., 

$1,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products (see text) farms., 

$1.000., 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



2 122 
587 

2 043 

3 432 
1 948 
7 031 
1 881 

13 262 
1 585 
22 440 



14 193 
1 084 
78 529 



249 596 

209 

136 936 



6 112 

123 049 

3 863 

53 661 

2 941 
16 653 

3 648 
48 499 



3 473 
296 
448 



1 356 
15 731 

2 503 

10 116 



498 

8 473 

578 

63 869 



8 519 
736 006 

2 181 
425 871 

1 476 
187 216 

5 368 
56 718 

1 265 

37 032 

627 

1 274 

1 271 
27 894 



43,1 
IOC 
18,9 



16 183 

1 029 244 

63 600 



578 

2 104 

3 497 
2 123 
7 682 
2 044 

14 439 
1 846 
26 048 

542 
12 031 

990 
31 037 



246 492 

239 

271 768 



7 415 
204 388 

5 230 
121 797 

2 997 
16 558 

3 919 
59 208 



(NA) 
(NA) 
360 



2 484 
41 990 
2 143 

7 456 

1 397 

23 819 



45 789 

269 

3 043 

9 422 
689 815 

2 458 
366 495 

1 809 
204 228 

6 245 
64 539 

1 625 
33 624 



'Data for 1982 and 1978 exclude abnormal farms, 
^Data for 1 982 and 1 978 are for $500,000 or more, 
'Data for 1982 include barley. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 9 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

(Data are based on a sample of farms, see text. For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 







1987 


1982 






Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 


Total farm production expenses 

Average per farm 

Farms with expenses of— 
$1 to $4,999 - 


farms. - 

$1,000.. 
dollars.. 


14 774 
(X) 
(X) 

4 745 
2 688 
2 518 
1 267 
1 440 
1 290 

630 
196 

5 250 

(X) 
(X) 

1 406 

1 483 
579 
849 
617 
220 

72 
24 

7 995 

(X) 

2 644 

2 115 
559 
561 
591 
432 
147 
946 

4 851 

1 306 
930 
343 
433 
466 
340 

1 033 

9 338 
(X) 
(X) 

3 906 

1 548 

2 895 
539 
271 

58 
121 

10 292 
(X) 
(X) 

2 915 
1 632 

3 408 
979 
931 
107 
195 
100 

25 

9 362 
(X) 
(X) 

3 967 

1 326 

2 716 
736 
465 
117 

35 

13 824 
(X) 
(X) 

8 053 

4 355 
820 
506 

51 
15 
24 


m 

851 440 
57 631 

12 227 

19 358 
39 504 

44 893 
103 806 
203 398 
210 988 
217 266 

(X) 

102 147 

12.0 

568 

3 347 

4 137 

13 299 

20 907 

14 148 
10 072 
35 670 

(X) 

300 284 

36.3 

1 127 

4 626 
3 826 
9 207 

21 096 
27 108 

12 886 
220 406 

(X) 

274 562 

32.2 

483 

2 109 

2 268 

7 117 
16 968 
21 208 
224 410 

(X) 

23 063 

2,7 

B02 
1 075 
6 472 

3 698 
3 593 
1 211 

6 212 

(X) 

50 516 

5.9 

666 

1 123 

7 864 

6 798 

13 900 

2 798 

7 182 
6 712 

3 472 

(X) 

26 447 

3.1 

741 

925 

6 139 

5 121 

6 663 
3 823 
3 033 

(X) 

30 365 

3.6 

2 875 

9 833 
5 7S4 

7 328 

1 534 
656 

2 355 




(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

5 727 

98 291 

(NA) 

2 015 
1 426 

461 
1 525 

300 

8 971 
275 819 

(NA) 

3 370 

1 968 
523 

2 114 

996 

5 614 

246 333 

(NA) 

1 608 
920 

512 
1 209 
1 365 

10 144 
22 406 

(NA) 

4 358 
1 639 

3 069 

712 
243 
123 

11 855 
72 146 

(NA) 

3 610 
1 584 

3 722 

1 065 
1 325 

549 

9 847 
27 401 

(NA) 

4 392 

1 447 

2 689 
681 

638 

16 061 

45 329 

(NA) 

9 128 
4 623 

1 291 
939 
80 


i 

i 
f 


SSa! 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




NA 




(NA) 


Livestock and poMltrs' purctiasec' 

Farms with expenses of- 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


5 993 

73 248 

(NA) 

2 240 




1 484 




721 




1 548 








_ 




_ 




_ 


Feed for livestock and poultry 

Farms with expenses of- 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 


9 182 

214 291 

(NA) 

3 576 




1 978 




671 




2 957 








. 




_ 




_ 


Commercially mixed formula feeds 

Farms with expenses of- 


farms.- 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 


5 369 

195 010 

(NA) 

1 290 


$1 000 to $4,999 - 


1 086 


$5 000 to $9 999 


448 




2 543 


S25 0C0 to $49 999 






_ 


$00,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 

Fsrms with expenses of— 

$1 10 $499 _ 

S500 to $999 - - 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 


10 461 

18 509 

(NA) 

4 703 
1 695 




3 446 




373 


$10 000 to $19 999 


158 






S25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer^ 

Firms with expenses of— 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 


12 557 

51 748 

(NA) 

3 722 




2 007 


$1,000 to $4.999 


3 996 

1 471 


$10 000 to $24.999' . . ... 


1 361 








_ 


$50,000 to $99 999 


_ 


$100,000 or more 


_ 


Agricultural chemicals' 

Farms with OApenses of— 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total- . 


11 741 

18 983 

(NA) 

5904 


$500 to $999 


1 944 




3 018 


$5,000 to $9.999 


544 


$10,000 to $24.999 






331 


$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


farms.. 

$1,000-. 
percent of total.. 


15 425 

28 140 

(NA) 

9 399 


$1,000 to $4.999 


4 771 


$5,000 to 59,999 


900 


$10,000 to $24.999' 


355 


$25,000 to $39,999 




$40,000 to $49,999 


_ 


$50,000 or more 


_ 



; footnote? at end cl table. 



10 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



[Data are based ( 



sample ol farms; see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 


Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electricity tarms.- 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of— 


10 585 
(X) 
(X) 

5 624 
1 438 
1 163 

1 737 
448 
137 

38 

5 958 
(X) 
(X) 

2 184 
1 475 

698 
912 
428 
105 
36 
120 

1 585 
(X) 
(X) 

681 
548 
142 
125 
66 
23 

12 077 

(X) 
(X) 

5 103 

4 383 
1 462 

899 
179 
51 

5 327 

(X) 
(X) 

3 075 
1 797 

322 

111 
19 
3 

5 843 

(X) 
(X) 

1 523 

2 212 
956 
831 
246 

58 
17 

4 037 

2 953 

3 987 

(X) 
(X) 

813 
480 
1 406 
566 
497 
162 
63 

13 206 

(X) 
(X) 

3 069 

3 605 

6 004 
387 
129 

12 


(X) 
16 592 

1.9 

1 020 
988 

1 588 

5 284 

2 978 

1 815 

2 91B 

(X) 

81 230 

9.5 

749 

3 256 

4 885 
14 478 
14 137 

6 761 
3 200 

33 762 

(X) 

10 091 

1.2 

279 
1 246 
1 035 

1 900 

2 426 

3 206 

(X) 

46 104 

5.4 

2 019 

10 130 
9 692 

13 130 

5 803 

5 329 

(X) 

9 821 

1,2 

1 204 

4 037 

2 093 

1 585 
626 
277 

(X) 

40 272 

4.7 

681 

5 641 

6 500 
12 634 

8 293 
(D) 
(D) 

28 859 

11 413 

(X) 

26 726 

3 1 

166 
347 

3 315 
3 875 

7 625 

6 601 
5 798 

(X) 

19 804 

23 

792 

2 656 
11 374 

2 628 

1 860 

493 


10 670 

15 700 

(NA) 

5 361 
1 712 
1 324 

1 693 

680 

7 321 

68 545 

(NA) 

2 332 

2 661 

895 
]- 1 247 

186 

630 

4 473 
(NA) 

408 
239 
88 

95 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

5 695 
10 381 

(NA) 

3 284 
1 923 

361 

127 

6 289 
58 509 

(NA) 

1 567 

2 122 
1 048 

1 552 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


10 289 
8 727 

(NA) 

6 116 




1 497 




1 540 




951 








185 






Hired farm labor. _ farms., 

$1,000-. 
percent of total.. 
Farms witti expenses of— 


7 613 

52 667 

(NA) 

2 846 




2 805 




836 




_r 1 126 






- 




- 




_ 


Contract labor _ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total -. 


838 

3 640 

(NA) 

458 




232 




76 








72 






Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of— 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


$10 000 to $24 999 


(NA) 




NA) 




(NA) 


Customwork, machine hire, and rental ol machinery and equipment^ _. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total- , 


6 489 

8 917 

(NA) 

4 187 




1 992 




216 






$25 000 to $49 999 


94 


$50,000 or more 

Interest* farms. - 

$1,000-. 
percent of total- - 

$1 10 $999 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 




(na; 


$5,000 to $9 999 - . . 


(na: 










$50 000 to $99 999 








Interest paid on debt; 


(NA) 




(na: 


Cash rent farms-- 

$1,000-- 
percent of total-. 
Farms with expenses of— 
$1 to $499 


(NA) 

(na; 

(NA) 
(NA) 


$500 to $999 - 


(na; 




(na; 




(na; 


$10,000 to $24,999 -.. 


(na: 




(na; 


$50,000 or more 

Property taxes paid _. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total- - 
Farms with expenses of— 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(na; 

(NA) 
(NA) 


$500 to $999 


(Na; 


$1,000 to $4 999 


(na; 




(na; 


$10,000 to $24,999 


(NA) 


$25,000 or more 


(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 11 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



[Data are based on a sample of farms; see 


ext. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductory text] 










. 


1987 


1982 




lie 


Farms 


Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 


Total farm production expenses— Con, 
All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses of— 


(arms— 

$1,000__ 
percent of total.. 


13 462 
(X) 
(X) 

6 712 
4 453 
972 
840 
321 
107 
57 


(X) 

67 978 

8.0 

2 600 
9 596 

6 587 
12 304 
10 638 

7 022 
19 231 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 







'Data for 1978 are for $10,000 or more, 

2Dala for 1987 include cost of custom applications; data for agricultural chemicals exclude the cost of lime for 1987 and 1982. 

^Data for 1987 exclude cost of custom applications tor commercial fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, 

^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse 



Table 4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 



(Data are based on a sample of farms; see text For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, s 


ee introductory text] 






Item 


All farms 


Farms with sales 
of $10,000 or more 


Farms with sales 
of less than $10,000 


Net cash return from agricultural sales lor ttie farm unit (see text) farms.. 

$1,000__ 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms witti net gains^ number.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Gain of— 
Less than $1.000 


14 774 

136 200 

9 151 

6 913 
197 071 

28 507 

982 
1 819 

924 
1 318 

894 

976 

7 861 
61 871 

7 871 

1 401 
3 340 
1 478 
1 171 
359 
112 


6 775 
160 118 
23 634 

4 869 
193 194 
39 678 

190 
690 
801 
1 318 
894 
976 

1 906 
33 076 
17 354 

127 
484 
362 
575 
256 
102 


7 999 
-24 918 
-3 115 

2 044 

3 877 
1 897 

792 
1 129 




123 




- 




_ 




- 


Farms with net losses number.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Loss of — 


5 955 
28 79^ 
4 835 

1 274 




2 856 


$5 000 to $9 999 ... 


1 116 




596 




103 


$50,000 or more 


10 



Tarms with total production expenses equal to market value ot agricultural products sold are included as farms with gams ot less than SI, 000. 



12 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Value 


($1,000) 


?9 


51? 


11 


560 




?n? 


? 


?SS 


3 


1S6 


7 


?31 


1 


«(■? 


8 


996 


14 


843 


14 


669 


14 


?73 


4 


202 




451 


3 


439 


? 


64? 


4 


163 


? 


4?6 


' 


152 


5 


380 


4 


564 


4 


0/<1 


3 


924 




186 


1 


331 


1 


104 


1 


4?/ 




(U) 




(U) 


3 


444 


3 


067 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



GovernmenI payments 1987.. 

Average per farm^ 1987.. 

Farms with receipts of— 

$1 to $999 -- 

$1,000 to $4,999 — 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 _ _- 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more - 

Amount received in cash 1987.. 

Value of certificates received 1987.. 

Other farm-related income, gross before taxes and expenses^ 1987.. 

Average per farm' 1987.. 

Farms with receipts of— 

$1 to $999 - 

$1,000 10 $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 ^ 

$25,000 to $49,999 _ _. 

$50,000 or more .._ 

Customwork and other agricultural services^.. 1987.. 

1982.. 
Average per farm' 1987.. 

1982.. 
1 987 farms with receipts of — 

$1 to $999 - -. 

$1,000 to $4.999 __ 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999. 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Rental of farmland 1987.. 

Average per farm' 1987.. 

Farms with receipts of — 

$1 to $999 __ 

$1,000 to $4.999 _ _ _ __ 

$5,000 10 $9,999 

SIO.OOO to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Sates of forest products and Christmas trees 1987.. 

Average per farm' 1987.. 

Farms with receipts of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 .- 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Other farm-related income sources 1987.. 

Average per farm' 1987.. 

Farms with receipts of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 __ 

$10,000 to $24.999 _. 

$25,000 or more _ 



1 319 

1 163 

(X) 



1 565 

2 687 
7 014 

(D) 



202 

1 704 

1 515 

3 455 

(D) 

(D) 



4 288 

4 276 

5 135 
4 710 



1 310 
(D) 
(0) 



'Data are in whole dollars, 

^Data are based on a sample of farms 

3Data for 1987 are based on a sample of farms, data for 1982 ; 



: nonsample and exclude abnormals from farms with sales of $10,000 or more. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 13 



Table 6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total 

Average per farm^ 

Farms wilti loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $24.999 _ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Corn 

Average per farm' 

Farms witfi loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Wfleat 

Average per farm' 

Farms v^ltfi loans of— 

$1 to $999 __ 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Soybeans 

Average per farm' 

Farms witti loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more ___ 

Cotton 

Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999... 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey 
Average per farm' 

Farms with loans of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 or more 



14 023 

25 777 



932 
2 091 
9 664 



6 184 

31 391 



440 
5 463 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



'Data are in whole dollars. 



14 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Percent ot total in 1987 



















Farms by acres harvested: 


acres.- 






















2.000 acres or more 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing 

Other cropland 

. and soil-improvement grasses, not 



Cropland on which all crops failed 

Cropland in cultivated summer fallow . 
Cropland idle-__ 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 



Pastureland and rangeland other than cropland and woodland pastured.. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction programs; 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment programs 

Conservation reserve program 



arms. 
acres, 
arms, 
acres, 
'arms- 
acres. 
■arms, 
acres. 

'arms, 
acres - 
arms, 
acres, 
'arms, 
acres. 

"arms, 
acres, 
'arms. 
acres. 



arms. 
acres. 

'arms, 
acres. 



13 200 

1 744 891 

11 960 

1 346 913 



6 844 
2 559 
1 713 
1 149 
1 423 



5 435 

189 466 

4 562 

208 512 



11 028 

2 902 

128 660 

7 949 
423 626 

2 384 
71 353 

6 759 
352 273 

2 942 
103 655 
10 037 
124 457 



107 784 

81 

5 101 



1 799 220 

13 672 

1 528 994 



1 992 

1 802 

1 436 

427 



5 


717 


1H? 


»/ 


n 


13R 


72 


969 


1 


?43 


22 016 




HK1 


4 


POR 




?1S 


4 320 


1 


903 


42 


426 


fl 


967 


son 


00? 


? 


4B4 


Hfi 


740 


J 


74f) 


4ai 


262 


? 


7S7 


111 


rM 


11 


456 


146 


772 




??1 


a 


467 




NA) 




NA) 



14 384 
809 726 

13 663 
477 316 



7 402 
2 662 
1 749 
1 261 

1 730 

2 243 
1 985 
1 548 



9 034 
2 506 
62 155 



94 110 

7 511 

443 156 

2 508 
119 807 
10 847 
147 640 



1 317 

33 632 

(NA) 

(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 15 



Table 8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 
and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Land in farms 

Farms by size. 
1 lo 9 acres --. 
10 to 49 acres . 
50 to 69 acres . 
70 to 99 acres - 
100 to 139 acre 



140 to 179 acres. 
180 to 219 acres, 
220 10 259 acres _ 
260 to 499 acres _ 
500 to 999 acres . 



1,000 to 1,999 acres... 

2,000 acres or more __. 

5.000 acres or more . 



Farms with han/ested cropland. 
Farms by size 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres , 

100 to 139 acres 



140 to 179 acres - 
180 to 219 acres - 
220 10 259 acres . 
260 to 499 acres . 
500 to 999 acres . 



1,000 to 1,999 acres--- 

2,000 acres or more ... 

5,000 acres or more . 

Farms with irrigated land -.. 
Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 



es. 



140 to 179 aci 
180 10 219 
220 to 259 
260 to 499 aci 
500 to 999 aci 



1,000 to 1,999 acres. 

2,000 acres or more _ 

5,000 acres or more 



1 388 

938 
702 
526 
1 363 
712 

284 



846 
3 216 
1 083 



2 015 
4 822 
1 299 



3 737 
1 141 
1 325 



8 093 
111 409 
74 731 
105 392 
162 494 

147 616 
139 143 
125 145 
482 939 
471 565 

374 944 
193 158 
28 217 



4 178 
85 310 
62 910 
92 932 



139 110 
132 693 
119 716 
471 079 



369 918 
193 158 
28 217 



835 
6 654 
3 679 

6 882 
9 814 

7 303 
7 426 
5 574 

42 898 
63 004 



9 316 
122 229 
75 607 
120 181 
176 285 

157 713 
159 512 
138 427 
555 856 
523 218 

329 990 
189 394 
35 254 



5 767 
97 933 
66 364 
109 620 
163 998 

149 279 

150 969 
134 008 
541 156 
516 901 

324 084 
189 394 
35 254 



4 816 

2 951 

3 538 
6 775 

5 958 

6 708 
5 289 

39 327 
51 521 

44 353 

46 210 

(D) 



2 646 
42 185 
30 087 
45 694 
72 835 

70 372 
72 337 
66 901 
274 994 
284 322 

253 939 
130 601 
16 039 

346 913 

2 646 
42 185 
30 087 
45 694 
72 835 

70 372 
72 337 
66 901 
274 994 
284 322 

253 939 
130 601 
16 039 



1 836 

3 520 
5 046 

4 577 
4 307 
3 048 

27 238 
41 715 

51 322 

27 807 

(D) 



3 738 
50 551 
32 974 
53 466 
84 424 

80 329 
86 040 
79 467 
335 303 
349 630 

239 843 
133 229 
19 034 



3 738 
50 551 
32 974 
53 466 
84 424 

80 329 
86 040 
79 467 
335 303 
349 630 

239 843 
133 229 
19 034 



? 


37? 


1 


4?B 


1 


656 


3 


645 


3 311 


3 


156 


3 


Mh 


27 


117 


37 


218 


34 


585 


29 


219 




(U) 





368 


1 


847 




731 


1 


563 


2 


116 


, 


873 


1 


393 


1 


084 


fi 


639 


11 


956 


13 


874 


4 


318 




(U) 



1 


747 




687 


1 


546 


2 


096 


1 


873 


1 


393 


1 


0R4 


f. 


639 


11 


956 


13 


874 


A 


31 H 




(D) 



1 873 

1 393 

1 084 

9 639 

11 956 

13 874 

4 318 

(D) 



38 556 

416 

1 349 

488 

815 

1 239 

1 126 
725 
1 392 
6 448 
10 013 



1 392 
6 448 
10 013 



815 


1 239 


1 126 


725 


1 392 


6 448 


10 013 


9 288 


5 257 


(D) 



Table 9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



Farms with irrigation 



Farms with irrigation 



Farms number. 

Proportion of farms percent. 

Irrigated land acres.. 

Average per farm acres.. 

Acres irrigated: 
1 to 9 acres ._ farms. 

acres. 
10 to 49 acres farms., 

acres.. 
50 to 99 acres _ farms., 

acres., 
100 to 199 acres farms., 

acres.. 



5 430 

80 

10 875 



Irrigated land— Con. 
Acres irrigated— Con. 

200 to 499 acres farms. 

acres 

500 to 999 acres farms 

acres 

1.000 acres or more farms 

acres. 

Irrigated land use: 

Harvested cropland farms 

acres, 
Pastureland and other land farms. 

Land in irrigated farms .acres. 

Cropland acres. 

Harvested cropland acres. 



260 493 
206 104 
174 017 



218 246 
159 492 
147 700 



7 852 

8 

5 739 



183 114 
124 711 
110 487 



16 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CharactenstJcs 



Any land irrigated 



All harvested cropland 



Nonirrigated farms 



Farms number.. 

Land In farms acres-. 

Value of land and buildings^ 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars. . 

irngated land acres.. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured farms.. 

acres.. 

Land set aside m federal farm programs farms.. 

acres. . 
Owned and rented land in farms: 

Owned land in farms farms.. 

acres.. 

Rented or leased land in farms (arms.. 

acres.. 

Market value of agncultural products sold $1.000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse crops farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Livestock, poultry, and tfleir products farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Total farm production expenses^ $1.000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Commercial fertilizer^ _ farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Agricultural chemicals^ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Petroleum products _ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Electricity farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Contract labor farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Repairs and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Customwork. machine hire, and rental of machinery 
and equipment^ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
interest^ ._ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Cash rent paid (or land and buildings __ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Property taxes paid farms.. 

$1.000.. 
All other farm production expenses farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Commodity Credit Corporation loans farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Government payments received farms . 

$1.000.. 
Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment' farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Inventory of livestock: 

Cattle and calves farms.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs farms.. 

number,. 



13 200 
1 744 891 

11 960 
1 346 913 



13 068 

1 422 869 

5 401 

973 760 



9 331 
253 056 

8 519 
736 006 



5 250 
102 147 
7 995 
300 284 
9 338 
23 063 
10 292 
50 516 

9 362 
26 447 
13 824 
30 365 
10 585 
16 592 

5 958 
81 230 

1 585 
10 091 

12 077 
46 104 

6 327 
9 821 
5 843 

40 272 
3 987 
26 726 

13 206 
19 804 

13 462 
67 978 

544 

14 023 

2 553 
29 512 

3 397 
14 273 



14 728 
657 693 
44 656 



14 719 
1 799 220 

13 672 
1 528 994 



(NA) 

(NA) 

6 251 

997 651 



11 040 

339 430 

9 422 

689 815 



5 727 
98 291 

8 971 
275 819 

10 144 
22 406 

11 855 
72 146 

9 847 
27 401 
16 061 
45 329 
10 670 
15 700 

7 321 
68 545 

830 

4 473 
(NA) 
(NA) 

5 695 
10 381 

6 289 
58 509 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

197 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



16 168 
660 519 
40 853 



179 149 

599 

21 797 



1 072 
206 104 

1 061 
174 017 



892 
133 169 

550 
127 324 



1 027 

98 673 

319 

40 992 



280 
4 721 

365 
20 993 

957 
6 117 
1 111 
9 256 

1 053 
6 025 
1 161 
6 181 



1 527 
684 

7 004 
497 

4 329 

1 042 

2 Oil 
1 130 

13 882 



893 
4 401 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
629 
15 043 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



409 

13 210 

409 

7 728 



2 183 

387 

1 042 

365 
830 
435 
1 851 
327 
984 
281 



1 221 

336 

1 870 



4 462 

306 

2 657 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
'NA) 
(NA) 



12 128 

538 787 

10 899 

172 896 



12 176 

1 289 700 

4 851 

846 436 



8 304 

154 383 

8 200 



4 970 
97 426 

7 630 
279 291 

8 381 



8 309 
20 423 
12 663 
24 183 

9 653 
14 221 

5 177 
56 479 



1 356 
6 978 
11 037 
38 896 



33 268 
3 490 
22 397 
12 164 
17 793 
12 332 
54 096 



13 525 
568 303 
42 019 



297 993 

1 649 

106 921 



176 551 

626 

23 483 



'Data are based on a sample of farms 

^Data for 1987 include cost ol custom applications 

^Data for 1987 exclude cost of custom applications for commercial fertilizer and agncultural chemicals- 

■•Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse, 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 17 



Table 11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample of farms, see text. For mean 


ing of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductory text] 












1987 


1982 




Value of land and buildings 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


1978 


Estimated market value of land and buildings.. 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 

Farms by value group: 


farms,. 

$1,000-. 

dollars.. 

dollars.. 


14 774 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

1 746 
1 244 
1 116 
1 743 
1 563 

4 632 

1 558 

763 

366 

43 


(X) 

5 418 920 

366 788 

2 261 

33 189 
65 125 
91 140 
202 357 
256 023 

1 348 556 
1 045 597 
1 035 614 
1 010 153 
331 166 


16 183 

5 377 627 

332 301 

2 121 

1 824 
1 903 

1 813 

2 241 
1 655 

4 040 
1 675 

1 032 


15 539 

4 644 918 

298 920 

1 719 

2 193 




2 024 




1 642 




2 100 




1 548 




3 773 




1 437 








822 


$5,000,000 or more 





Table 12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 



[Data are based on a sample of farms, see text For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 








1987 


1982 


Value of machinery and equipment 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




14 728 
(X) 

1 357 

2 916 
2 968 
1 915 
1 748 

1 130 

767 

1 286 

587 

46 

8 


657 693 
44 656 

3 824 
20 011 
40 043 
44 047 
63 427 

63 398 
61 807 
167 984 
152 934 
27 677 
12 542 


16 168 
(X) 

1 372 
3 710 
3 397 

2 001 
1 739 

1 297 
987 

1 085 
534 

> 


660 519 


Average per farm' 

By value group: 
$1 to $4,999 


40 853 
4 115 




2S 332 


$10 000 to $19 999 


45 021 




45 110 




62 822 




71 116 


$70 000 to $99 999 


78 175 




139 624 


$200 000 to $499,999 


136 477 






$1,000,000 or more 





1 whole dollars. 



Table 13. Selected l\/lacliinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 



[Data are based on a sample of farms, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 
















1987 


1982 


Selected machinery and equipment 


Total 


Manufactured 1983 to 1987 


tulanufactured 


prior to 1983 


Farms 


Number 


Number 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


manufactured 
1978 to 1982 




12 207 

4 075 
1 538 

13 505 

5 762 
3 651 
9 781 
8 892 

3 215 

4 970 

5 225 


24 323 
9 434 
8 295 

37 672 
14 109 
19 471 
16 629 
21 043 

3 579 

5 638 

6 126 


4 695 
558 
65 

2 948 

571 

130 

1 563 

1 702 

426 

1 165 
941 


5 699 

1 210 

417 

4 180 

1 266 

667 

1 862 

2 318 

500 

1 267 
1 061 


9 856 
3 308 

1 045 

12 465 
5 505 
3 125 
8 736 
8 274 

2 832 

3 970 

4 524 


18 624 
7 665 
5 456 

33 492 

13 402 
16 255 

14 767 
18 725 

3 079 

4 371 

5 065 


13 445 
4 489 

1 247 

14 278 
6 945 

3 166 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2 950 

4 625 

5 304 


25 950 
10 371 
7 870 

36 951 

16 509 

16 275 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3 279 

5 136 
5 719 


7 109 


2 or 3 


1 803 
607 




5 145 


2 or 3 


1 949 
624 




(NA) 




(NA) 




788 








1 432 




1 032 







'Data for 1982 include salf-propelled only. 

18 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Expenses 


($1,000) 


(X) 


30 365 


2 197 


(X) 


12 300 


1 037 


1 239 


1 560 


2 285 


3 677 


1 832 


915 


791 


(X) 


12 267 


1 502 


728 


1 035 


1 586 


3 111 


2 875 


1 998 


932 


(X) 


654 


1 536 



Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm... dollars. 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $499 

$500 to $999 - - 

S1,000 to $1,999 - 

$2,000 to $4,999 _ _ 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more - 

Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $499 

$500 to $999 - -- : 

$1,000 to $1,999 - 

$2,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 ___ 

$10,000 to $24.999. _ 

$25,000 or more 

Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $99 - - 

$100 to $499 _ 

$500 to $999 _ 

$1,000 to $1.999 

$2,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 or more 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm _ dollars. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $99 

$100 to $499 __ _. 

$500 to $999 _ _ 

$1,000 to $1,999 _. 

$2,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 or more 



6 156 
2 332 
1 718 



3 740 
1 568 
1 205 
1 045 
442 
145 



20 



14 790 
18 858 
1 275 



6 836 
2 911 
2 250 
2 036 



8 238 
16 316 
1 981 



205 

615 

3 001 



558 

732 

1 026 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



15 425 
28 140 
1 824 

14 778 

13 501 

914 



7 941 
2 649 
2 420 
1 422 



3 354 
1 379 
1 220 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



Table 15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 
and 1978 

[Data are based on a sample of farms, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987, 1982, 



Chemicals used 



Chemicals used 



Any chemicals, fertilizer, or lime 
used farms. 

Commercial fertilizer^ farms. 

acres on which used. 
SI. 000. 

Lime _ farms. 

acres on which used, 
tons. 

Farms by tons used: 

1 to 49 tons - 

50 to 99 tons 

100 to 199 tons 

200 to 499 tons 

500 to 999 tons _. 

1,000 tons or more 

Agricultural chemicals'" _.. farms. 

SI ,000. 



10 292 
135 625 
50 516 

3 784 
195 677 
225 992 



11 855 

1 308 360 

72 146 

5 331 
287 331 
328 561 



3 549 
929 
502 



12 557 
1 356 294 

51 748 

5 973 
338 367 
370 155 



Sprays, dusts, granules, 
fumigants, etc., to control- 
Insects on hay and other 

crops - farms.. 

acres on which used. 

Nematodes in crops farms. 

acres on which used. 
Diseases in crops and 

orchards farms., 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in 

crops and pasture farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Chemicals used tor defoliation 
or for growth control of crops 

or thinning of fruit farms. 

acres on which used,. 



'Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications; data for agncultural chemicals exclude the cost of lime for 1987 and 1982, 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 19 



Table 16. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms 
and Farms Operated by Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text) 



Charactenstics 



Farms operated by Black and other r 



Harvested cropland 

Full owners 

Harvested cropland . 



Part owners _,. 

Han/ested cropland . 



acres, 
■arms, 
acres. 
■arms. 
acres. 

'arms, 
acres, 
"arms. 



Tenants 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres.. 



Percent of tenancy percent.. 



Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 49 days 

50 to 99 days 

100 to 149 days.. 

150 to 199 days 

200 days or more 



Not reported . 



Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm . 



Not reported . 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) , 



Partnership . 
Corporation . 



10 or less stockholders . 



10 or less stockholders 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, institutional. 



acres., 
[arms., 
acres. 

arms, 
acres, 
'arms, 
arms. 



acres.. 

acres.. 

arms., 
acres., 
'arms., 
acres. 



larms.. 
acres.. 
larms.. 
acres.. 



14 776 

2 396 629 

11 960 

1 346 913 

9 375 

886 387 

6 946 

330 464 

3 693 

1 202 858 

3 482 

800 932 

1 708 
307 384 

1 532 
215 517 



11 392 
2 380 
1 004 



1 000 

2 306 
8 210 

18.6 



1 762 

1 459 

1 916 

52.7 



13 354 

2 283 805 

1 422 

112 824 



6 032 
10 410 

4 325 



12 738 
1 756 220 

359 020 

619 

250 460 

13 



16 183 

2 557 728 

13 672 

1 528 994 

9 926 

990 656 

7 799 

402 897 

4 266 

1 243 695 

4 072 

891 563 

1 992 
323 377 

1 801 
234 534 



5 875 
1 246 



873 

1 455 

2 643 
8 005 



3 780 
(NA) 
(NA) 



14 040 

1 867 050 

1 544 

406 839 



8 911 

435 

230 121 



15 540 

2 614 439 

13 663 

1 477 316 

9 226 

1 006 374 

7 605 

399 662 



1 239 339 

4 027 

820 651 



368 726 

2 031 

257 003 



11 739 
2 327 
1 474 



6 508 

8 278 

1 041 

445 

532 

849 

5 411 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



3 008 
3 786 



2 744 
51.3 



14 367 

2 489 823 

1 173 

124 616 



9 723 
(NA) 
(NA) 



13 423 

1 959 051 

1 541 

397 285 



8 388 

426 

192 380 



25 778 
366 

12 874 
309 

13 407 
258 

5 477 



2 152 

69 

1 230 



328 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(D) 

6 
1 582 



'For classification of social and ethnic groups, see text. 



20 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 17. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 



Farms operated by Black and ottier races 



Amencan Indian 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number, 

Land in farms acres. 

Harvested cropland (arms, 

acres, 

1987 FARMS BY SIZE 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 139 acres 

140 to 219 acres 

220 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

1987 OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
IN FARMS 

Owned land in farms farms. 

acres. 
Rented or leased land in farms farms. 

acres. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners farms, 

acres. 
Part owners farms, 

acres. 
Tenants farms. 



acres. 



,, 1987. 

1982. 
,. 1987. 

1982. 
,. 1987. 

1982. 

„ 1987. 

982. 

.. 1987. 

1982. 
,, 1987. 

1982- 



1987 FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorstiip) 

Partnersfiip 

Family field corporation 

Otfier than family held corporation 

Other — cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc, 

1987 MARKET VALUE OF 
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales farms, 

$1,000. 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value of sales 

Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $9,999... 

$10,000 to $19,999.. 

$20,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (011| 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) , 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes: 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) , 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 422 

1 331 

112 824 

109 044 

840 

848 



1 324 

91 240 

263 

21 584 



1 159 

1 026 

77 409 

69 566 



432 

602 

25 778 

29 707 



309 

413 

13 407 

16 262 



11 


467 


14 


349 




66 




113 


7 


766 


10 


;91 




42 




HH 


2 


144 


2 


046 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 21 



Table 17. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Characteristics 



Farms operated by Black and other races 



Black American Indian 



1987 OPERATOR 
CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated _-_ 

Not on farm operated 

Nol reported 



Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Farming _.. 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days 

200 days or more 



Not reported - 



Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less__ 

3 or 4 years _ 

5 to 9 years : 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm , 



Not reported. 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years.- 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 



Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish ohgin^ .__ _ 

1987 COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS AND 
GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 

Amount received from Commodity Credit 
Corporation loans farms. 

$1,000. 
Government payments received farms. 

$1,000. 



^See chapter 1. table 16 for operators not ot or not reporting Spanish origi 



22 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Harvested 

cropland 

(acres) 



Value ol selected capital 

assets', average per farm 

(dollars) 



Crops, including 
nursery and 
greentiouse 
Total crops 



Livestock, 

poultry, and 

tfiotr products 



Total 

Crops (01) - 

Casfi grains (Oil) - 

Wtieat (0111) 

Rice (0112) 

Com (0115) - 

Soybeans (0116) .._ _ 

Cash grains, n e.c (0119) 

Field crops, except casfi grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) - 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) ___ 

Instl potatoes (0134) 

Field crops, except casfi grains, n.e.c. (0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Berry crops (0171) 

Grapes (0172) .-_ 

Tree nuts (0173) 

Citrus fruits (0174) _ 

Deciduous tree fruits (0175) 

Fruits and tree nuts, n.e.c, (0179) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

Ornamental flonculture and nursery products (0181). 
Food crops grown under cover (0182) 

General farms, pnmarily crop (019) 

Livestock and animal specialties (02) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties 

(021) 

Beef cattle leedlots (0211) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Hogs (0213) 

Stieep and goals (0214)_. 

General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 
specialties (0219) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251) 

Chicken eggs (0252) 

Turkeys and turkey eggs (0253) 

Poultry hatcheries (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, n.e.c. (0259) 

Animal specialties (027) 

Fur-beatnng animals and rabbits (0271) 

Horses and other equines (0272) 

Animal aquaculture (0273) 

Animal specialties, n.ec (0279) 

General farms, pnmanly livestock and animal 
specialties (029)-- 

'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



7 007 
3 081 



2 006 

1 159 



292 439 
227 737 
375 990 



182 223 
85 384 



24 610 

3 887 

(D) 

(D) 



33 757 

33 330 

427 

91 596 

1 084 662 



382 672 
82 418 

190 630 
54 117 
18 018 

37 489 



195 493 
175 790 
11 773 



55 990 

292 

1 228 



182 535 
157 779 
273 325 

70 297 
27 417 



10 035 

1 015 

(D) 

(D) 



46 380 
539 731 



130 563 
32 749 
50 210 
27 120 
2 795 

17 689 



115 744 

107 897 

4 873 



6 328 
(D) 

6 073 
(D) 



1 264 805 

696 358 

1 540 846 

295 387 
202 478 



330 723 
277 238 
252 875 



603 159 
613 874 
333 500 



342 738 
322 467 
327 043 
333 817 
411 813 

473 795 



432 181 
420 354 
377 484 
261 200 
990 333 
943 231 



99 135 
69 309 
145 674 



32 741 
27 365 



49 845 

51 595 
19 750 



63 510 
74 911 



35 892 
31 607 
29 264 
57 687 
15 876 

65 192 



75 759 
65 614 
87 138 
54 880 
686 483 
65 854 



29 319 
20 497 
45 453 

23 954 
15 735 



8 591 

1 009 

(D) 

(D) 



64 044 
62 141 
1 903 

11 780 

761 620 



71 552 
14 106 
18 486 
32 445 
1 274 

5 242 



444 591 
342 863 
49 530 



28 006 
20 233 
40 123 

22 318 
15 144 



8 335 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



63 715 

61 812 

1 903 



7 812 
2 067 

1 382 

2 842 



18 945 

18 098 

316 

(D) 



1 314 

264 

5 330 



3 581 
722 779 



63 740 
12 038 
17 104 
29 603 
1 222 

3 772 



425 646 
324 765 
49 214 
(D) 
48 607 
(D) 

27 403 
(D) 

23 616 
(D) 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 23 



Table 19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 



Characteristics 

Market value of agricultural products sold $1,000, 

Average per farm dollars. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops $1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000. 

Total farm production expenses^ $1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Tenure of operator: 

Full owners 

Part owners -. 

Tenants. 

Abnormal farms by standard industrial 
classification 

Cash grams (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) _. 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Insh potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) _ _ 

Beel cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) _ 

Poultry and eggs (025) ___ __ 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



Farms number.. 

Land m farms acres. 

Average size of farm .acres.. 



Value of land and buildings' $1.000__ 

Average per farm dollars.- 

Average per acre dollars.. 



Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres,. 

Cropland used only for pasture or grazing .. farms. 

acres.. 

Other cropland farms., 

acres.. 



Total woodland farms. 

acres. 
Woodland pastured farms. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms. 



Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland. 
etc farms. 

acres. 
Irrigated land farms.. 

acres.. 



23 521 

1 306 722 

1 854 



110 842 

6 157 889 

6 937 



682 

14 
3 480 



'Data are based on a sample of farr 



24 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 20. Livestock and Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see intfoductory text] 



Farms 



Livestock and poultry , 1987,. 

1982.. 

1978.. 
Poultry 1987.. 

1982.. 

1978.. 
Livestock. 1987.. 

1982-. 

1978.. 

Any cattle, hogs, or sheep 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978.. 

Cattle and calves 1987.. 

1982.. 

1978.. 
Cows and heifers that had calved 1987.. 

1982.. 

1978.. 
Beel cows 1987.. 

1982.. 

1978.. 
Milk cows 1987.. 

1982,. 

1978.. 

Hogs and pigs 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978.. 

Feeder pigs sold 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978.. 

Sheep and lambs' 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978.. 

Horses and ponies 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978.. 

Chickens 3 months old or older'. 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978-. 

Hens and pullets ol laying age 1987.. 

1982.. 
1978.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 1987.. 

1982.. 

1978.. 
Turkeys 1987.. 

1982.. 

1978.. 



9 689 
10 552 
10 018 

2 616 

3 233 
3 329 

8 569 

9 424 
8 858 

6 554 

7 869 
7 659 



4 621 

5 548 
5 299 
3 185 
3 736 
3 297 

1 694 

2 218 
2 429 

1 322 

1 861 

2 424 



599 

463 

3 287 

3 053 

2 690 

1 337 

1 926 

2 013 
1 309 
1 894 
1 977 

1 200 
1 332 
1 325 



(X) 

308 052 
355 418 
328 598 
158 917 
IBO 334 
172 142 
48 454 
52 151 
47 821 
110 463 
128 183 
124 321 

197 214 

179 149 

183 685 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 

24 599 

21 797 
15 985 
26 513 

22 801 

19 139 

4 060 760 
4 404 290 
1 842 747 
3 706 405 
3 827 483 
1 586 976 

50 282 754 

43 135 305 

38 563 477 

29 069 

21 644 

20 126 



291 874 
294 402 
199 967 
43 898 
37 789 
27 824 
247 976 
256 613 
172 143 

221 463 
242 932 
166 402 

204 187 
225 799 
150 812 
134 690 
160 668 
101 372 
24 227 
26 076 
20 563 
110 463 
134 592 
80 309 

14 988 

15 586 
14 695 

(X) 



895 
26 513 
13 681 
5 742 



7 042 

8 420 
3 333 

36 204 
28 469 
23 909 



8 519 

9 422 
9 340 
2 181 
2 458 
2 496 
7 092 
7 997 
7 931 

6 214 

7 217 
7 280 

5 368 

6 245 
6 172 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1 381 
1 378 
1 446 



(X) 

154 540 
164 982 
184 855 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

372 470 
335 333 
301 650 
94 341 
83 305 
80 144 

16 714 
12 812 
11 196 
3 565 
3 226 
3 823 

5 291 643 
3 746 248 
2 066 539 
2 975 686 
2 793 994 
1 219 406 

257 070 110 

235 112 072 

196 068 244 

107 763 

104 038 

64 821 



736 006 
689 815 
517 434 
425 871 
366 495 
271 364 
310 134 
323 320 
246 070 

95 024 
89 143 
78 871 

56 718 
54 539 
52 750 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

37 032 
33 824 
25 467 
3 900 
3 526 
3 389 

1 274 
779 
653 
23 794 
28 139 
14 469 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



'Data are estimated; see text 

'Value of sales includes sheep, lambs, and wool sold. 

'Sales for 1987 include pullets of less than 3 months old. 



Table 21. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



INVENTORY 

Chickens 3 months old or older 

Farms with— 

1 to 3.199 

3,200 to 9.999. 

10,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with — 

1 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3,200 to 9.999 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99.999 _. 

100.000 or more 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

Turkeys 

For slaughter 

Hens kept for breeding 

Ducks, geese, and other poultry 



(D) 

(D) 

3 764 161 

3 706 405 

25 943 

23 175 

24 039 
193 787 
364 884 
421 448 
433 915 

2 219 214 

50 282 754 

29 069 

28 418 



143 739 

247 087 

4 013 464 

3 827 483 

40 391 
35 624 
59 377 
237 887 
355 943 
288 235 
453 026 
2 357 000 

43 135 305 
21 644 
20 955 



SALES 

Hens and pullets' 

Farms with— 

1 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9.999 

10.000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with — 

1 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9.999... 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

Turkeys 

For slaughter 

Hens kept for breeding 

Ducks, geese, and other poultry 



5 


291 643 




18 308 




249 809 


5 


023 526 


2 


975 685 




3 825 




4 235 




10 580 




246 309 




337 565 




337 842 




633 980 


1 


401 360 


7 


070 110 




107 763 




(D) 




(D) 



90 681 

289 248 

3 365 319 

2 793 994 

6 957 
17 777 
65 282 
262 974 
231 593 
282 676 
612 135 
1 314 600 



'Sales for 1987 include pullets of less than 3 months old. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 25 



Table 22. BroMers and Started Pullets— Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Broilers and other meat-type chickens 


Pullets not of laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or older not 
ol laying age 


Number sold 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total 

Farms with — 


1 381 

51 
16 
21 
122 
189 

460 
474 
284 
190 
48 


257 070 110 

6 990 

140 680 

458 395 

5 408 204 

14 383 640 

65 520 873 
134 933 420 

66 293 840 
68 639 580 
36 217 908 


1 378 

87 
12 
21 
114 
223 

439 
448 
(NA) 
(NA) 
34 


235 112 072 

(D) 

(D| 

483 922 

4 960 855 

17 200 994 

61 574 176 

126 168 421 

(NA) 

(NA) 

24 616 582 


55 

15 
6 
8 

16 

7 

1 

1 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1 


2 315 957 

668 
63 389 
175 100 
613 400 
464 400 

(D) 

(D) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(D) 


45 

12 
12 
10 
9 
1 

1 

(NA) 
(NA) 


951 254 






1 6 000 to 29 999 


213 700 






60 000 to 99 999 


(D) 


100 000 10 199,999 


(D) 






(NA) 
(NA) 


300 000 to 499 999 


500.000 or more 



Table 23. Poultry— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Inventory 




Chickens 3 months old or older 


Pullet chicks and pullets 
under 3 months old 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or 
older not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total inventory 

Farms with— 
1 to 99 


1 337 

1 060 
143 
31 

34 
35 
14 
6 
10 

(X) 


4 060 760 

26 626 

24 814 

21 468 

(D) 

(D) 

485 384 

455 923 

411 745 

2 411 109 

(X) 


1 309 

1 049 
142 
29 
4 
30 
27 
12 
6 
10 

(X) 


3 706 405 

25 154 

23 264 

17 650 

(D) 

193 787 

354 884 

383 623 

(D) 

(D) 

(X) 


179 

125 
24 
9 
2 
4 
8 
4 
1 
2 

(X) 


354 355 

1 471 

1 550 

3 818 

(D) 

(D) 

130 500 

72 300 

(D) 

(D) 

(X) 


48 

37 

6 

1 
1 

3 
23 


444 653 

492 
400 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
682 574 


113 

92 
8 
5 

2 
4 
2 

1 087 


2 270 601 






400 to 1 ,599 










(D) 


10,000 to 19 999 




(D) 


50,000 to 99 999 
















Sales 




Hens and pullets 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Poultry and poultry 
products 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with- 
1 to 99 


246 

89 
44 
13 

3 
32 
35 
14 

6 
10 

48 


3 845 304 

10 640 

3 999 

5 180 

33 500 

202 648 

540 845 

442 452 

302 470 

2 303 570 

1 446 339 


229 

86 
42 
13 

3 
30 
27 
12 

6 
10 

22 


2 923 022 

10 578 

3 668 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

309 645 

(D) 

302 470 

(D) 

52 664 


28 

8 
5 
1 
1 
2 
8 
2 

1 
27 


922 282 

62 

331 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
231 200 
(D) 

(D) 
1 393 675 


41 

25 
4 
2 

2 
6 
2 

1 340 


4 196 738 

156 846 
54 
(D) 

(D) 

3 717 800 

(D) 

252 873 372 


707 

438 
138 
30 
4 
32 
35 
14 
6 
10 

1 474 


66 318 


100 to 399 




400 to 1,599 




1 ,600 to 3 1 99 








10,000 to 19,999 




20,000 to 49,999 








100,000 or more- _ 

No inventory _ 


34 275 
359 554 



26 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 24. Turkeys— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 



(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 
















Turkeys 


Total 


Sales lor slaughter 


Sales ol hens kept for breeding 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




56 

50 
2 
1 
2 

1 


107 763 

6 985 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


53 

47 
2 

1 
2 

1 


(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


3 
3 


(D) 


Farms witti— 
1 to 1.999 


(D) 


8000 to 15.999 


_ 




_ 




_ 


60 000 to 99.999 


_ 


100.000 or more 


- 



Table 25. Cattle and Calves— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, 



Item 


1987 


1982 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




5 780 

1 622 

1 102 

1 265 

803 

686 

279 

17 

6 

4 621 

1 795 
763 
983 
696 
314 
65 
3 
2 

3 185 

1 690 
720 
614 
130 
22 
9 

1 694 

278 
34 
182 
281 
576 
283 
55 
5 

4 003 
4 276 


308 052 

8 004 
14 938 
39 434 
56 956 
92 287 
77 085 
10 390 

8 958 

158 917 

7 774 
10 248 
30 709 

47 466 
41 313 

16 474 

(D) 
(D) 

48 454 

7 483 

9 589 

17 627 

8 530 
2 840 

2 385 

110 463 

466 
232 

3 784 
10 966 
39 505 
36 986 
13 591 

4 933 

98 532 
50 603 


7 002 

2 125 
1 279 

1 478 
976 
810 
307 

21 
6 

5 548 

2 276 
854 

1 130 
867 
351 

66 
3 
1 

3 736 

2 135 
770 
653 
143 

26 
9 

2 218 

463 
41 
234 
376 
729 
317 
54 
4 

5 062 
5 423 


355 418 


Farms with — 


10 422 




17 264 




46 402 




68 885 


100 to 199 . 


108 018 




83 596 


500 to 999 


12 673 


1.000 to 2.499 ._ - 


8 158 


2.500 or more — 


180 334 


Farms with— 


9 594 


10 to 19 . 


11 541 


20 to 49 


35 176 




58 252 


100 to 199 


45 022 




17 203 


500 to 999 . . . 


P) 




(D) 


Beet cows 

Farms wilh- 
1 to 9 


52 151 
9 277 




10 283 




18 364 


50 to 99 


8 924 




3 104 




2 179 


500 to 999 




1.000 or more . . 


_ 


Milk cows 

Farms with — 


128 183 
769 


5 to 9 


255 


10 to 29 


4 719 




14 470 


50 to 99- 


49 439 




40 808 




14 177 


500 or more 


3 546 
113 832 




61 252 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 27 



Table 26. Cattle and Calves— Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
(SI, 000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




5 368 

2 363 
1 009 

1 156 
549 
214 

64 
10 
3 

4 635 

2 552 
943 
820 
212 

78 
26 
3 
1 

1 656 

1 103 
260 
198 

55 
26 
10 
3 
1 

2 999 

1 365 
544 
740 
257 
61 
25 
7 


154 540 

10 630 

13 466 

36 273 

37 144 
27 729 
18 767 

6 824 

3 707 

82 650 

10 764 
12 430 
24 061 

14 120 
10 018 

7 665 

(D) 
(D) 

27 122 

4 281 
3 453 

5 861 
3 675 
3 358 
2 902 

(D) 
(D) 

71 890 

5 363 
7 268 
22 653 
16 808 
7 575 
7 164 
5 059 


66 718 

4 409 

5 049 
12 132 

11 832 
10 000 

7 425 

3 291 
2 580 

46 271 

5 366 

6 122 

12 389 

8 372 
6 124 

4 459 

(D) 
(D) 

17 484 

2 429 

1 939 

3 448 

2 363 
1 982 
1 883 

(D) 
(D) 

10 447 

1 063 

1 149 

2 490 
1 532 

785 
1 846 
1 581 


6 245 

2 864 
1 181 
1 309 

629 

184 

66 

6 

6 

5 401 

3 228 
1 113 

764 
185 
75 
30 
3 
3 

1 988 

1 430 
278 
172 
53 
32 
17 
3 
3 

3 638 

1 653 
699 
921 
275 
68 
16 
6 


164 982 

12 214 

16 051 
40 720 
42 075 
24 447 
18 168 

3 868 

7 439 

86 237 

12 872 
14 931 
21 891 
12 109 
10 278 

8 380 
1 942 
3 834 

31 890 

5 056 

3 553 

4 974 

3 430 

4 347 
4 754 
1 942 

3 834 

78 745 

6 343 

9 382 
27 334 

17 692 
8 719 

4 383 
4 892 


54 539 


Farms with— 


4 700 




5 436 




11 640 




11 822 




8 296 




7 078 




1 850 




3 717 




- 




44 918 


Farms with- 


6 003 




7 142 


20 to 49 


10 724 




6 657 




5 903 




4 613 




1 255 




2 620 




19 074 


Farms with — 


2 718 


10 to 19 i — 


1 829 

2 782 




1 974 


100 to 199 


2 782 

3 115 




1 255 




2 620 








9 622 


Farms with- 


1 035 




1 249 




2 537 




1 434 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 - - 


1 090 
906 


500 or more 


1 371 



Table 27 Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see 


ntroductory text] 




















Cattle and calves inventory 


Cattle and calves 




Cattle and calves 


Total 


Cows and heifers that 
had calved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


ales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with— 


5 780 

1 622 

1 102 

1 265 

803 

686 

279 

17 

6 

(X) 


308 052 

8 004 
14 938 
39 434 
56 956 
92 287 
77 085 
10 390 

8 958 

(X) 


4 621 

1 048 

840 

1 074 

726 

650 

260 

17 

6 

(X) 


158 917 

3 518 
6 530 

19 349 
29 920 
50 037 
39 976 

4 801 
4 786 

(X) 


4 003 

714 
735 
961 
684 
629 
258 
16 
6 

(X) 


98 532 

1 575 

3 735 
10 301 
16 309 
31 490 
27 904 

4 122 
3 096 

(X) 


4 276 

1 055 
887 
1 020 
611 
475 
209 
14 
5 

(X) 


50 603 

2 911 
4 673 
9 764 
10 727 
10 760 
9 205 
1 467 
1 076 

(X) 


5 138 

980 

1 102 

1 265 

803 

686 

279 

17 

6 

230 


150 250 

5 568 
8 696 
20 295 
28 737 
40 794 
36 608 

4 435 

5 117 

4 290 


54 689 
2 255 




3 468 




7 959 




10 769 




12 887 


200 to 499 


12 682 




1 957 




2 712 


2,500 or more 

No inventory 


2 029 



28 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 28. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see 


ntroductory text) 




















Cattle and calves inventory 


Cattle and calves 




Cows and heifers that had 
calved 


Total 


Cows and heifers that 
had calved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


ales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with— 


4 621 

1 Oil 
784 
763 
454 
529 
696 
314 
65 
3 
2 

1 159 


281 379 

7 993 
10 706 
20 661 
19 263 
36 145 
81 995 
69 843 
27 626 
(D) 
(D) 

26 673 


4 621 

1 Oil 
784 
763 
454 
529 
696 
314 
65 
3 
2 

(X) 


158 917 

2 534 
5 240 
10 248 
10 680 
20 029 
47 466 
41 313 
16 474 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


3 398 

613 
486 
540 
331 
445 
634 
287 
58 
2 
2 

605 


88 978 

2 474 
2 341 
4 790 
4 517 
10 603 
27 869 
24 513 
9 678 
(D) 
(D) 

9 554 


3 316 

693 
574 
608 
342 
382 
448 
222 
44 
2 

960 


33 484 

2 985 

3 125 
5 623 

4 066 

5 513 

6 660 
4 017 
1 474 

(D) 
(D) 

17 119 


4 218 

651 
741 
763 
454 
529 
696 
314 
65 
3 
2 

1 150 


124 073 

4 535 

5 372 
11 590 

B 943 
15 385 
34 448 
28 836 
11 847 
(D) 
(D) 

30 467 


41 108 
1 857 


5 to 9 


2 080 




5 802 




3 377 




5 388 




11 051 




7 791 




3 020 




(D) 


1.000 or more 

No inventory 


(D) 
15 610 



Table 29. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Cattle and calves inventory 



Cows and heifers that had calved 



Heifers and heifer calves 



Total inventory 

Farms with— 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 19 

20 to 29 

30 to 49 

50 lo 99 

ICO to 199. _. 
200 to 499... 
500 to 999... 
1 .000 or more 

No inventory 



915 


10 651 


775 


12 072 


7?() 


20 907 


359 


17 402 


255 


19 336 


130 


19 266 


2? 


5 136 


9 


3 301 



185 


56 805 


915 


4 958 


TIH 


6 083 


720 


10 499 


359 


9 604 


255 


10 324 


130 


9 934 



2 323 

5 160 
9 589 

8 340 

9 287 
8 530 
2 840 
2 385 



25 382 

3 277 

2 819 

4 753 

3 644 

4 312 

5 191 
1 043 



25 884 

2 416 

3 170 
5 655 

4 154 
4 700 
4 141 
1 228 

420 



Cattle and calves sales 



Fattened on gram and concentrates 



Total inventory 

Farms with— 
1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 19 

20 to 29 

30 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199..., 
200 to 499..., 
500 to 999-... 
1.000 or more. 

No inventory 



51 050 

4 989 

5 598 
11 221 

7 878 

8 057 
8 465 
2 798 
2 044 



1 776 

2 151 
5 674 

3 113 

3 426 

4 783 
1 468 

757 



34 861 

2 865 

3 782 
7 625 
5 377 

5 506 

6 328 
2 271 
1 107 



1 506 

1 800 
4 903 

2 586 
2 874 
4 383 
1 346 



1 134 
3 738 

1 819 

2 026 

3 513 

(D) 
(0) 



1 210 

2 416 

(D) 
(D) 



2 124 

1 816 

3 596 

2 501 
2 551 
2 137 

527 
937 



528 
552 
400 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 29 



Table 30. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviatrons and 


symbols, see introductory text] 
































Cattle and calves inventory 




Total 


Cows and heifers that had calved 


Heifers and heifer calves 


Steers, steer calves, bulls. 




Total 


Milk cows 


and bull calves 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




1 694 

278 
34 
64 
118 
281 
576 
283 
55 
5 

4 086 


193 868 

4 365 
675 

1 849 

5 081 
19 453 
68 068 
63 344 
23 886 

7 147 

114 184 


1 694 

278 
34 
64 
118 
281 
576 
283 
55 
5 

2 927 


114 344 

1 622 

378 

1 127 

3 133 
11 242 
40 620 
37 663 
13 726 

4 933 

44 573 


1 694 

278 
34 
64 
118 
281 
576 
283 
55 
5 

(X) 


110 463 

466 
232 
957 
2 827 
10 966 
39 505 
36 986 
13 591 
4 933 

IX) 


1 481 

174 
23 
53 
110 
256 
544 
264 
53 

2 522 


69 540 

1 258 
158 
587 

1 661 
7 054 

24 363 
23 081 
9 185 

2 193 

28 992 


1 070 

193 
25 
38 
65 
165 
340 
202 
39 
3 

3 206 


9 984 


Farms with— 


1 485 








135 








1 157 




3 085 








975 


500 or more 

No inventory 


21 
40 619 




Cattle and calves sales 


Dairy product sales 


Milk cows 


Total 


Cattle 


Calves 




Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with— 


1 623 

210 
31 
64 
118 
281 
576 
283 
55 


80 386 

2 031 
477 

1 057 

2 023 

8 175 
28 313 
25 445 

9 748 


20 178 

813 

143 

354 

487 

2 279 

6 957 

6 155 

2 246 


1 406 

159 
24 
63 
103 
243 
510 
260 
50 


30 149 

1 315 
214 
414 
791 

3 435 
10 105 

9 614 

3 254 


1 411 

128 
24 
44 
104 
249 
542 
263 
52 
5 

1 588 


50 237 

716 
263 
643 

1 232 
4 740 

18 208 
15 831 
6 494 

2 110 

21 653 


1 436 

54 
4 
60 
118 
281 
576 
283 
55 
5 

40 


184 849 
177 


5 to 9 


23 






20 to 29 


3 822 








64 831 




64 875 






500 or more 

No inventory 


3 74 


5 
5 


3 117 
74 154 


36 


743 
540 




4 
3 229 




1 007 
52 501 


10 283 
2 368 



Table 31. Cattle and Calves— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, se 


introductory text] 
























Cattle and calves 


Cattle 




Calves 




Cattle and calves 


Total 


Fattened 


on grain and concentrates 






Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




5 368 

1 260 

1 103 

1 009 

1 156 

549 

214 

64 

10 

3 


154 540 

3 240 
7 390 
13 466 

36 273 

37 144 
27 729 
18 767 

6 824 
3 707 


56 718 

1 420 

2 989 
5 049 

12 132 
11 832 
10 000 
7 425 

3 291 
2 580 


4 635 

1 013 

948 

864 

1 034 

512 

204 

51 

7 

2 


82 650 

2 411 
5 094 

8 457 
19 703 
17 785 
14 902 

9 475 

(D) 
(D) 


46 271 

1 251 

2 539 

4 139 
10 029 

9 953 
8 796 

5 455 

(D) 
(D) 


1 656 

472 
399 
315 
295 
112 
41 
17 
4 
1 


27 122 

1 111 

2 111 

2 994 
5 520 
4 664 

3 209 
3 609 

(D) 
(D) 


17 484 

640 
1 157 

1 716 
3 272 

2 927 

1 858 

2 368 

(D) 
(D) 


2 999 

407 
524 
569 
824 
452 
168 
46 
7 
2 


71 890 

829 
2 296 
5 009 
16 570 
19 359 
12 827 
9 292 
(D) 
(D) 


10 447 


Farms with— 


169 


5 to 9 


449 




910 




2 104 


50 to 99 


1 879 




1 204 


200 to 499 


1 970 


500 to 999 


(D) 


1.000 or more 


(D) 



Table 32. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


1987 


1982 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




1 322 

704 
178 
151 
105 
107 
49 
12 
11 
5 

765 

559 
98 
55 
27 
26 

1 209 


197 214 

5 809 

6 246 
10 297 
14 286 
32 175 
32 580 
16 980 
30 191 
48 650 

27 822 

4 261 
3 343 
3 673 
3 314 
13 231 

169 392 


1 861 

1 123 
247 
176 
129 
119 
38 
17 
10 
2 

1 052 

847 
94 
66 
21 
24 

1 687 


179 149 


Farms with- 


8 878 


25 to 49 


8 404 




11 821 




17 379 


200 to 499 


35 569 




24 469 




21 905 


2 000 10 4 999 


(D) 




(D) 




26 955 


Farms with — 

1 10 24 


5 718 


25 to 49 


3 155 


50 to 99 


3 923 




2 706 




11 453 


Other hogs and pigs _ 


152 194 



30 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 33. Hogs and Pigs— Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Total hogs and pigs sold __. 
Farms with— 

1 to 24 

25 to49.__ _.. 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 to 999 

1,000 to 1,999 

2,000 to 4,999 

5,000 or more 

Feeder pigs sold 

Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 10 49 „.. 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 to 999 

1,000 or more 

Other hogs and pigs sold. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 10 499 

500 to 999... 

1,000 to 1,999 

2.000 to 4.999 

5.000 or more 



372 470 

4 766 

6 851 
9 383 

20 329 
52 632 
49 987 
44 380 
60 000 
124 152 

94 341 

216 
3 749 

3 718 

7 037 
16 597 
11 853 
51 171 

278 129 

4 846 

5 714 

6 738 
16 371 
36 650 
42 375 

31 207 

32 860 
101 368 



522 

662 

835 

1 954 

5 104 

4 909 

4 018 

5 159 
13 869 

3 900 



760 

555 

2 032 



677 
801 
1 999 
4 328 
4 752 
3 564 
3 568 
12 822 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



335 333 

6 597 
10 366 
13 176 
20 265 

47 591 
50 201 
40 217 

48 654 
98 266 

83 305 

362 
4 645 
4 438 

7 655 
17 796 
12 725 
35 684 

252 026 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



746 
1 005 
1 252 
1 948 

4 422 

5 301 

4 320 

5 024 
9 807 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



Table 34. Hogs and Pigs— Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Litters 


1987 


1982 


Farms 


Number of litters 


Farms 


Number of liners 


Litters farrowed between Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 

Farms with — 


803 

387 
137 
127 
72 
41 
23 
16 

717 

715 


42 199 

1 466 
1 843 

3 736 

4 951 

5 429 

6 454 
18 320 

20 915 

21 284 


1 100 

646 
157 
152 
73 
37 
24 
11 

976 
905 


39 365 


10 to 19 


1 997 






50 to 99 


4 844 


100 to 199... 




200 to 499 




500 or more 


13 965 


Dec 1 of preceding year and May 31 

June 1 and Nov. 30 _ 


19 758 
19 607 



Table 35. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 






















Hogs and pigs inventory 


Hogs and pigs sales 


Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory _ 

Farms with— 


1 322 

444 
260 
329 
105 
107 
49 
28 

(X) 


197 214 

1 950 
3 859 
16 543 
14 286 
32 175 
32 580 
95 821 

m 


766 

170 
158 
223 
74 
80 
34 
26 

(X) 


27 822 

556 

1 132 

3 248 

2 422 

4 267 

3 621 
12 576 

(X) 


1 209 

367 
233 
321 
104 
107 
49 
28 

(X) 


169 392 

1 394 

2 727 
13 295 
11 864 

27 908 

28 959 
83 246 

(X) 


1 135 

256 
260 
329 
105 
105 
49 
28 

130 


362 112 

5 302 
10 282 
33 905 
29 564 
57 327 
64 788 
170 744 

10 358 


36 075 

472 
947 
2 925 
2 818 
5 545 
4 922 
18 446 

967 


371 

69 
79 
122 
42 
33 
15 
11 

4 


91 592 

2 112 

3 587 
12 477 

9 868 

17 178 
17 376 
28 994 

2 749 


3 825 


10 to 24 




25 10 99 




100 to 199 




200 to 499 








1 .000 or more 




No inventory 


75 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 31 



Table 36. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, se 


3 introductory text) 






















Hogs and pigs inventory 






Hogs and 


Digs sales 






Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




1 135 

173 
393 
134 
140 
163 
71 
61 

187 


196 239 

1 376 

8 316 
5 427 

9 769 
31 361 
27 351 

112 639 

975 


723 

51 
239 
102 

98 
124 

58 

51 

42 


27 738 

178 
1 399 
1 073 
1 509 
3 997 
3 854 
15 728 

84 


1 044 

163 
354 
118 
128 
152 
69 
60 

165 


168 501 

1 198 
6 917 
4 354 
8 260 
27 364 
23 497 
96 911 

891 


1 265 

235 
441 
137 
146 
170 
72 
64 

(X) 


372 470 

956 
10 651 
9 383 
20 329 
52 632 
49 987 
228 532 

(X) 


37 032 

129 
1 056 

835 
1 954 
5 104 
4 909 
23 046 

(X) 


375 

12 
120 
65 
55 
69 
23 
31 

(X) 


94 341 

61 

2 508 

3 278 
5 758 

15 527 
10 061 
57 128 

(X) 


3 900 


Farms with— 


2 




91 




122 




212 




672 




476 


1,000 or more 


2 326 
(X) 







Table 37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Litters Farrowed: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 






























Hogs and pigs inventory 


Hogs and pigs sales 


Litters farrowed 


Total 


Used or to be used tor 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




792 

61 
205 
115 
134 

127 
72 
40 
38 

530 


164 137 

537 
3 325 
3 608 
6 321 
15 417 
18 493 
20 628 
95 608 

33 077 


765 

59 
192 
108 
134 
124 
70 
40 
38 


27 822 

175 
713 
825 
1 703 
3 064 
3 526 
3 551 
14 266 


679 

41 
162 

105 
109 
116 
70 
39 
37 

530 


136 315 

362 
2 612 
2 783 
4 618 
12 353 
14 968 
17 077 
81 542 

33 077 


759 

38 
189 
116 
137 
127 
72 
41 
39 

506 


316 013 

552 

4 985 

5 251 
14 112 
28 581 
37 057 
37 086 

188 389 

56 457 


30 464 

61 
476 
441 

1 196 

2 553 

3 314 
3 519 

18 905 

6 568 


375 

11 
76 
61 
82 
65 
37 
19 
24 


94 341 

96 

1 515 

2 192 
5 893 

10 930 
13 493 
10 622 
49 800 


3 900 


Farms with— 




2 to 4 


53 


5 to 9 


80 








476 




583 


100 to 199 


501 




1 992 












Litters farrowed between Dec. 1, 1986, and Nov. 30, 1987 


Litters farrowed 


Total 


Dec. 1. 1986, and May 31. 1987 


June 1, 1987, and Nov. 30, 1987 




Farms 


Litters 


Farms 


Litters 


Farms 


Litters 




803 

62 
209 
116 
137 
127 

72 


42 199 

62 

603 

801 

1 843 

3 736 

4 951 


717 

46 
176 
103 
126 
117 

69 


20 915 

46 
288 
362 
856 

1 762 

2 364 
? 592 


715 

16 
181 
111 
135 
122 
71 
40 




Farms with— 


16 




315 


5 to 9 


439 


10 to 19 


988 




1 974 






100 to 199 


2 837 


200 or more 




39 




24 77 


' 






39 




12 646 




3S 






12 128 



Table 38. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


1987 


1982 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Sheep and lambs inventory 

Farms with— 
1 to 24 .. 


660 

399 

215 

35 

9 

2 

589 

563 
(X) 

581 
627 


24 599 

3 967 

9 140 

6 192 

(D) 

(D) 

15 19B 

21 194 
162 467 

16 714 
1 274 


599 

380 

180 

30 

8 

1 

533 

499 
(X) 

526 
566 


21 797 
3 723 


25 to 99 


7 956 


100 to 299. 


(D) 


300 to 999 


(D) 




(D) 


2,500 or more _ 

Ewes 1 year old or older 


12 389 








12 812 




779 







32 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 39. Sheep and Lambs— inventory and Sales by Size of Flocic: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




















Sheep and lambs Inventory 


Sheep and lambs shorn 


Sales 


Sheep and lambs 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Sheep and lambs 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
wool 


Farms 


Numt>er 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total Inventory 

Farms with— 


660 

399 

215 

35 

9 

2 

(X) 


24 599 

3 967 

9 140 

5 192 

(D) 

(D) 

(X) 


589 

338 

206 

34 

9 

2 

(X) 


15 198 

2 711 
5 942 

3 317 

(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


549 

298 

206 

34 

9 

2 

14 


20 970 

3 226 
6 993 

4 111 

(D) 
(D) 

224 


160 732 

22 485 

50 584 

28 946 

(0) 

(D) 

1 725 


549 

291 

214 

35 

7 

2 

32 


16 259 

2 904 
6 130 

3 313 

(D) 
(D) 

455 


595 

334 

216 

35 

9 

2 

32 


1 246 
205 










300 to 999 


(D) 
(D) 




2,500 to 4.999 




5,000 or more 


27 







Table 40. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 





Sheep and lambs inventory 








Sales 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 




Sheep and lambs 


Sheep, la 


nbs. and wool 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
wool 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 

Farms with — 


589 

419 

144 

21 

4 

1 
71 


23 990 

6 465 

8 517 

4 773 

(D) 

(D) 
609 


589 
419 

144 
21 
4 

1 

(X) 


15 198 

4 054 

6 006 

2 933 

(D) 

(X) 


534 

364 

144 

21 

4 

1 
29 


20 909 

5 056 

6 943 
4 084 

(D) 

(0) 


160 256 

35 734 

48 978 

30 960 

(D) 

ID) 


513 

345 

144 

19 

4 

1 
68 


15 75B 

4 321 
6 442 

2 868 
(D) 

(D) 
956 


555 

385 

144 

21 

4 

1 
72 


1 211 
307 






100 to 199 


213 




(D) 


500 to 999 






(D) 


2,500 to 4,999 












62 















1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 33 



Table 41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products— Inventory and Sates: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see inti'oductory text] 














Inventory 


Sales 


Item 
















1987 


1982 


1987 


1962 


Horses and ponies 


tarms-- 


3 287 


3 053 


913 


866 




number. . 


26 513 


22 801 


3 565 


3 226 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


23 794 


28 139 


Mules, burros, and donkeys 


farms.. 


174 


81 


13 


5 




number.. 


381 


232 


21 


14 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


6 


6 


Colonies ot bees _ 


farms.. 


439 


509 


21 


23 




number.. 


5 779 


4 908 


227 


291 


Honey sold 


farms.. 


(X) 


(X) 


132 


116 




pounds.. 


(X) 


m 


126 094 


90 752 


Bees and honey sold _._ 


farms.. 


(X) 


(X) 


142 


(NA) 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


92 


101 


Goats - - 


larms.. 


480 


432 


141 


176 




number.. 


3 249 


2 668 


1 227 


1 452 


Angora goals 


_ farms.. 


11 


10 


3 


1 




number.. 


69 


18 


14 


(D) 


Mohair sold - 


farms.. 


(X) 


(X) 


5 


1 




pounds.. 


(X) 


(X) 


312 


(D) 


Angora goats and mohair sold 


farms.. 


(51 


IX) 


5 


(NA) 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


3 


(D) 


Milk goats 


farms.. 


198 


306 


67 


138 




number.. 


1 487 


2 004 


636 


1 054 


Goats milk sold 


farms.. 


(X) 


(X) 


18 


18 




gallons.. 


(X) 


(X) 


66 353 


26 168 


Milk goats and goats milk sold. 


farms.. 


(X) 


(X) 


76 


(NA) 




S1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


203 


142 


Other goats 


- farms.. 


317 


144 


81 


42 




number.. 


1 693 


646 


577 


(D) 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


25 


(D) 


Mink and their pelts 


farms.. 


8 


4 


7 


6 




number.. 


1 406 


(D) 


1 648 


32 377 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


70 


701 


Rabbits and their pelts. 


farms.. 


176 


135 


74 


89 




number.. 


4 493 


6 645 


12 807 


12 319 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


30 


84 


Fish ano other aquaculture products sold - 


farms.. 


(X) 


(X) 


18 


7 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


(D) 


(D) 


Other livestock and livestock products 


farms.. 


44 


(NA) 


22 


(NA) 




$1.000.. 


(X) 


(X) 


(D) 


(D) 



34 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Value ot 

production' 

($1,000) 



Value of 

production' 

($1,000) 



Han/ested cropland 

Corn for grain or seed (bushels) 

Corn for silage or green chop or cut for dry fodder, hogged or 

grazed 

Sorghum for gram or seed (bushels) 

Sorghum for silage or green chop, cut for dry forage or hay, or 

hogged or grazed 

Wheat for gram (bushels).. 

Barley for gram (bushels).. 

Oats tor gram (bushels) 

Rye for gram (bushels) 

Rice (cwt) 

Flaxseed (bushels) 

Sunflower seed [pounds) 

Soybeans tor beans (bushels) 

Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) 

Peanuts for nuts (pounds) 

Cotton (bales) 

Tobacco (pounds) 

Irish potatoes (cwt) 

Sweetpotatoes (bushels) ._ 

Pineapples harvested (tons) 

Sugar beets for sugar (tons) 

Sugarcane for sugar (tons) 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, smalt grain, wild, grass silage, green chop. 

etc. (see text) (tons, dry) 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 

Land in orchards 

Berries harvested for sale 

Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms, and sod grown for sale 

(see text) _ 

Other crops 

'Data are estimated; see text 



3 112 
1 541 
1 Oil 



146 081 
59 268 
13 879 
3 579 



255 676 
38 238 
7 997 



31 941 714 

(X) 
89 994 

m 

6 766 273 

3 707 134 

804 061 

too 848 



134 264 

9 352 369 

1 529 



13 751 729 
496 312 
142 527 



16 677 

4 449 

965 



16 502 

3 400 

706 



6 709 

1 403 

667 



104 152 

1 168 

2 040 

138 204 

72 491 

15 544 

3 406 



229 046 
38 331 
11 423 



5 635 641 

4 251 789 

873 176 

94 777 



77 150 

11 290 198 

(D) 



32 280 276 
396 360 
327 840 



35 508 
1 823 
1 354 



37 815 
23 819 
12 836 



Table 43. Specified Crops Harvested— Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Entire crop irrigated 



Average 

yield per 

acre 



Part of crop irrigated 



None of crop irrigated 



Acres 



Corn for gram or seed (bushels) 

Corn (or silage or green chop (tons, green) 

Sorghum for gram or seed (bushels) _.. 

Wheat for gram (bushels) 

Oats for gram (bushels) 

Barley tor grain (bushels) 

Rice (cwt) 

Soybeans for beans (bushels) 

Peanuts for nuts (pounds) 

Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) 

Cotton (bales) 

Tobacco (pounds) 

Irish potatoes (cwt) 

Sugar beets for sugar (tons) 

Sugarcane for sugar (tons) 

Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) 

Small grain hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) 

(tons, dry) 

Wild hay (tons, dry) 

Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay (tons, green) 

Alfalfa seed (pounds) 

Vegetables harvested for sale {see text) 

Land in orchards 

Strawbernes harvested for sale (pounds)..- 



(X) 

(X) 

4 293,6 



1 527 
3 560 



406 595 
91 895 
1 853 

142 482 
13 778 

58 604 
371 557 



119 976 
7 774 
28 073 



72.8 
13.1 
48.6 
46.2 
57.8 



62.6 
23 
11.3 



(X) 

(X) 

2 438,8 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 35 



Table 44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbfeviations and symbols. 





1987 


1982 


Crop 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Irrigated land 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Irrigated land 




Farms 


Acres 


Famis 


Acres 


Com fof grajn or seed (bushete) 

1 to 14 acres 


5 608 
1 822 

830 

1 020 

812 

711 

270 

114 

29 

25 

3 

1 

1 893 
489 
265 
440 
461 
216 
19 
3 

3 112 
1 002 
566 
678 
495 
296 
60 
15 

1 541 
557 
334 
321 
200 
107 
17 
5 

1 Oil 

1 357 

46 
102 
156 
286 
391 
306 
58 
12 

3 697 
606 
459 
781 
695 
738 
275 
124 
19 
17 
2 

155 
65 

6 619 

2 376 
1 153 
1 449 
1 056 

533 
47 
4 
1 

1 

3 049 
1 314 

561 
681 
369 
118 
6 


432 409 
13 094 
15 572 
35 321 
55 436 

107 546 
89 498 
74 902 

41 040 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

93 164 

3 885 

4 990 
15 365 
30 136 
30 614 

6 109 

2 065 

146 081 
8 162 
10 690 
23 250 
33 411 

42 830 
18 846 

8 892 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

59 268 

4 585 
6 283 

10 762 
13 362 

15 331 

5 915 

3 030 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

13 879 

10 780 

24 
120 
337 
997 
2 484 

4 205 

1 887 
728 

405 170 

5 154 

8 828 
26 959 
46 919 

113 292 

94 906 
83 791 
25 321 

(X) 
(X) 
Pt) 
(X) 

2 487 
527 

255 676 
18 229 
21 331 
49 606 
71 070 
74 967 

16 093 

(D) 
(D) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

83 446 

9 790 
10 491 
23 211 
23 427 

14 793 
1 734 

(X) 


31 941 714 
868 780 

1 064 981 

2 563 180 

4 066 245 
7 893 424 
6 962 393 

5 386 299 

3 136 412 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

1 222 626 
47 336 
68 329 
200 226 
394 352 
394 899 
91 084 
26 400 

6 766 273 
322 524 
432 143 

1 021 123 

1 466 959 

2 066 456 
977 505 
479 563 

00 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

3 707 134 
248 635 
362 708 
666 388 
874 368 
956 838 
391 625 
206 572 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

804 061 

13 751 729 

32 203 
152 835 
399 584 

1 194 745 

2 935 286 
5 388 163 
2 611 463 
1 037 450 

9 352 369 
124 852 
209 888 
628 530 

1 089 750 

2 593 723 
2 108 246 
1 952 681 

644 699 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

496 312 

142 527 

593 854 

33 294 
40 847 

102 836 

168 799 

188 024 

47 401 

(D) 

(D) 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 

269 318 
25 653 
31 087 
71 118 
77 744 
55 924 
7 792 

(X) 


157 
24 
13 
21 
26 
40 
21 
9 
3 
3 

17 
4 

4 
3 

1 

1 

44 
4 
4 
10 
12 
13 
1 

I 

14 
5 
4 

1 
1 
3 

3 

161 

2 
7 
7 
15 
37 
64 
21 
8 

137 
8 

4 
14 
23 
40 
28 
18 
2 
1 
1 

24 
19 

66 
29 
9 
11 
9 
3 
3 
1 
1 

1 

32 
12 
9 
5 

4 
1 
1 


13 728 
101 
209 
622 

1 255 
4 134 
4 390 

2 301 
716 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

748 
21 
54 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

2 333 
14 
79 
280 
688 
(D) 
(D) 

ss 

(X) 
(X) 

403 
34 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
190 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

(0) 

2 027 

(D) 
(0) 
15 
50 
214 
759 
564 
417 

10 652 
50 
61 
313 

1 328 

2 758 
2 768 

(D) 
(D) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

766 

112 

1 879 
157 
149 
279 
258 
160 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

818 

64 
143 
138 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

m 


7 281 
2 283 
965 
1 290 
1 134 

1 019 
375 
164 

51 
41 

10 

2 349 
728 
301 
586 

479 
224 

27 
3 

1 

3 153 
1 055 

588 
670 
483 
297 
54 
6 

1 806 
673 
376 
349 
227 
146 
29 
6 

1 278 

2 489 

57 
168 
234 
467 
671 
690 
161 

41 

3 965 
664 
537 
790 
743 
793 
321 

96 
21 
21 

279 
85 

6 709 
2 496 
1 217 
1 504 

1 051 
414 

23 
3 
1 
1 

2 786 
1 205 

540 
621 
332 
84 
4 


620 198 
15 865 
18 075 
44 562 
76 916 
151 847 
124 809 

107 054 
81 070 

(X) 

(X) 

104 019 
5 626 
5 657 
20 127 
31 526 
29 967 
8 156 
(D) 
(D) 

138 204 

8 550 
11 078 
22 727 
31 534 
43 360 

17 770 
3 185 

(X) 

(X) 

72 491 
5 482 
7 015 
11 685 
15 038 
20 139 

9 477 

3 655 

(X) 
(X) 

15 544 

24 840 

31 
213 
506 

1 642 

4 424 
9 914 

5 114 

2 997 

413 137 
5 643 
10 044 
27 619 

50 739 
121 736 

108 810 
62 534 
26 012 

m 

(X) 

1 871 
999 

229 046 

18 453 
22 593 

51 420 
69 197 
57 201 

7 003 

(D) 
(D) 
(X) 

(X) 

71 606 

8 587 
10 103 
20 791 
20 833 
10 176 

1 116 

(X) 


62 845 256 
1 234 313 
1 531 154 

4 074 137 
7 383 583 

15 064 206 
13 107 480 

11 401 590 
9 048 793 

(X) 

(X) 

1 552 057 
75 980 
83 757 
302 592 
459 472 
458 526 
126 010 
(D) 
(D) 

5 635 641 
292 626 
397 943 
898 941 

1 338 896 

1 813 672 

775 663 

117 900 

(X) 

(X) 

4 251 789 
287 488 
381 422 
671 463 
916 145 

1 195 949 
587 873 
211 449 

(X) 

(X) 

873 176 

32 280 276 

46 377 

257 816 

611 285 

1 878 763 

5 417 124 

12 930 654 

6 750 489 
4 387 768 

11 290 198 

143 936 

254 163 

718 989 

1 327 832 

3 288 895 

3 026 730 

1 801 398 

728 255 

(X) 

(X) 

396 360 
327 840 

533 939 

34 248 

43 346 

115 821 

171 960 

143 742 

16 303 

(D) 

(D) 

(X) 

(X) 

233 023 
23 266 
30 898 
68 052 
70 803 
37 303 
2 701 

(X) 


114 
6 
4 
7 
29 
34 
18 
11 
5 
4 

1 

9 
3 

2 
2 
2 

18 

3 
1 
3 
5 
5 
1 

9 
2 

1 
1 
2 
3 

196 

5 
3 
8 
13 
41 
76 
32 
18 

85 
5 
6 
9 
2 
26 
24 
9 
4 
4 

14 
11 

23 
8 
6 
3 
4 
2 

14 
4 
4 
2 
3 
1 


11 672 
37 
59 




216 




1 515 


100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres _ 


3 301 
2 607 
2 177 




1 760 




(X) 








(X) 








191 




16 




- 


25 to 49 acres — 

50 10 99 acres 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


500 to 999 acres - 






817 
(D) 




(D) 




49 


50 10 99 aaes 

100 to 249 acres - 

250 to 499 acres — 

500 to 999 acres 


205 
469 
(D) 




(X) 








(X) 








380 


1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres _ 


(D) 
(Dl 
(D) 
(D) 
218 


1,000 to 1.999 acres 


(X) 




(X) 








2 743 


1 to 0.9 acres 

1.0 to 1 9 acres 

2.0 to 2.9 acres 

5.0 to 9 9 acres 

10,0 to 24 9 acres 

25,0 to 49 9 acres 

50 acres or more 


2 
3 
15 
41 
250 
872 
773 
786 

7 127 




45 


15 to 24 acres _ 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres - 

250 to 499 acres 


94 

(0) 

ID) 

1 922 

3 136 

1 312 

405 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 to 2,999 acres 

3.000 to 4,999 acres 


(X) 

(X) 




365 




106 


Hay-al1aHa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 

silage, green chop, etc, (see tex1)(tons, dry) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres _. 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 


419 
39 
53 
26 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


2.000 to 2,999 acres ___ 

3,000 to 4,999 acres 

5,000 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 


(X) 

291 
33 

33 
(D) 
90 
(D) 


250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres _ 




1,000 acres or more 


- 


1,000 to 1 999 acres.. 


(X) 



36 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 44 Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982- Con. 

(For meaning o) abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
silage, green chop, etc (see te)rt){tons. dry)— Con. 
Alfalfa hay (tons, dry)— Con 

2.000 to 2.999 acres 

3.000 to 4.999 acres 

5.000 acres or more 

Small grain hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay (see text)(tons. dry) ., 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres _ 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

Wild hay (tons, dry) 

Grass silage, haylage, and green cl^op hay (tons. 
green) __ __ 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) _ 

0.1 to 9 acres _ 

1,0 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 14 9 acres 

15-0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 49.9 acres _ 

50.0 to 99 9 acres -. 

100.0 to 249.9 acres .._ 

250 to 499 9 acres , 

500,0 to 749.9 acres _ 

750-0 to 999-9 acres , 

1.000.0 acres or more 

1.000 to 1,999 9 acres. 

2.0000 to 2,9999 acres... , 

3.000 acres or more 

Cantaloups 

Srtap beans 

Sweet corn 

Tomatoes 

Land In orchards.. 

0.1 to 0.9 acres _ 

1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 14.9 acres 

15.0 to 24,9 acres _ 

25.0 to 49 9 acres 

50.0 to 99 9 acres 

1000 to 249-9 acres _ _. 

250.0 to 499 9 acres _ 

500.0 to 749.9 acres 

750 to 999 9 acres ___ 

1.000.0 acres or more __ 

1,000.0 to 1,999.9 acres.. _ 

2.000 to 2,999 9 acres _ 

3.000.0 acres or more 



4 482 


120 479 


1 914 


14 479 


918 


16 883 


1 001 


33 611 


470 


30 439 


169 


21 859 


10 


3 208 



226 733 
24 490 
29 483 
63 151 
59 428 
44 499 
S 682 



30 223 


202 386 


38 238 


PO 


41 


(X) 


952 


00 


2 531 


(X) 


1 653 


m 


3 450 


m 


6 029 


(X) 


10 770 


(X) 


6 872 


(X) 


2 501 


(X) 


(D) 


(X) 


(D) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


m 


(X) 


m 


m 


1 324 


(X) 


5 682 


(X) 



(X) 



776 


(X) 


1 440 


(X) 


(Dl 


(X) 




(X) 


(U) 


(X) 




(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


(X) 


PO 



10 
195 
653 
563 
1 438 

3 166 
6 302 

4 721 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(X) 



(X) 
8 946 



18 969 
34 108 
30 263 
17 692 
(D) 
(D) 



38 331 
62 

1 147 

2 793 
2 468 
4 518 

7 384 

8 801 
4 133 



(X) 
15 956 



223 322 
27 329 
33 469 
68 129 
60 766 
30 818 
(D) 
(D) 



1 296 


(X) 


4 197 


(X) 


14 778 


(X) 


5 605 


(X) 


11 423 


(X) 


48 


(X) 


826 


(X) 


765 


(X) 


422 


(X) 


885 


(X) 


921 


(X) 


1 399 


(X) 


855 


(X) 



111 

555 
422 

1 335 

2 530 
4 603 

1 380 

2 605 



Table 45 Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



introductory text] 



Crop 


Total 


Trees or vines not of 
beanng age 


Trees or vines of 
beanng age 


Han/ested 




Farms 


Acres 


Trees or v,nes 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


Apples .__ __ 1987.. 

1982.. 
1987 acres harvested: 


453 
551 

170 
195 
44 
11 
16 
6 
11 
8 
1 
2 


4 406 
7 119 

65 
375 
337 
219 
462 
431 
2 517 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


338 777 
493 868 

3 567 

24 547 

26 412 

18 553 

33 933 

36 689 

195 076 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 


268 
354 

100 
109 
24 

10 
11 
4 
10 
7 
1 
2 


111 120 
84 389 

1 512 
7 031 
5 221 

7 149 

8 978 
7 450 

73 779 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


417 

447 

150 
180 
43 
11 
16 
6 
11 
8 
1 
2 


227 657 
409 479 

2 055 

17 516 

21 191 

11 404 

24 955 

29 239 

121 297 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 


284 
314 

95 
115 
34 
10 
13 

6 
11 

8 

2 


39 315 230 
79 207 356 

151 808 

1 280 090 

2 263 484 

1 600 256 

2 715 015 
7 305 308 

23 999 269 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


1.0 to 4,9 acres ... . 


5.0 to 14 9 acres 


15-0 to 24.9 acres .. 

25.0 to 49 9 acres 


50 to 99 9 acres 


100 acres or more 

100 to 249-9 acres. 


250 to 499 9 acres.. _. 

500 acres or more 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 37 



Table 45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Crop 


Total 


Trees or vines not of 
bearing age 


Trees or vines of 
bearing age 


Harvested 


Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


Apples— Con. 
1 982 acres haPMesled: 


246 
209 
40 
21 
13 
6 
16 
11 
1 
4 

220 
287 

304 
450 

114 
101 
48 
20 
15 
2 
4 

257 
108 
52 
13 

11 
2 

7 


90 
397 
311 
389 
406 
448 
5 078 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

485 
406 

2 436 

3 375 

39 
224 
387 
366 
(D) 
(D) 
792 

75 
206 
428 
241 
(D) 
(D) 
1 936 


4 146 

23 466 

19 861 

28 331 

39 959 

35 503 

342 602 

(X) 

(X) 

(X) 

224 832 
192 393 

230 580 
274 931 

2 463 
19 345 
37 471 
39 365 

(D) 

(D) 

68 142 

3 591 
16 272 
37 505 
26 670 

(D) 

(D) 

147 859 


152 
145 
23 
11 
8 
4 
11 
6 
1 
4 

126 
180 

134 
257 

51 
45 
17 
10 
6 
2 
3 

149 
52 
35 
7 
7 
1 
6 


1 554 
9 824 
5 765 

2 876 

11 447 
4 913 

48 010 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

54 508 
77 791 

70 451 
82 767 

454 
4 896 

3 721 
10 696 

(D) 

(D) 

43 000 

1 195 

4 358 

12 075 
8 250 

(D) 

(D) 

48 750 


189 
168 
36 
19 
13 
6 
16 
11 
1 

204 
256 

271 
349 

99 
86 
45 
20 
15 
2 
4 

180 
91 
45 
13 
11 
2 
7 


2 592 

13 642 

14 096 
25 455 
28 512 
30 590 

294 592 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

170 324 
114 602 

160 129 
192 164 

2 009 
14 449 
33 750 
28 669 
(D) 
(D) 
25 142 

2 396 
11 914 
25 430 
18 420 
(D) 
(D) 
99 109 


111 
125 
26 
17 
13 
6 
16 
11 
1 

136 
154 

188 
228 

56 
57 
37 
18 
14 
2 
4 

98 
61 
40 
10 
10 
2 
7 


114 935 




1 547 983 


5 to 14 9 acres 


2 024 009 

3 449 490 




3 962 310 




6 974 720 


100 acres or more 


61 133 909 
(X) 




(X) 


500 acres or more 

Grapes (see text) (fresh weight) _ 1987._ 

1982.. 

Peaches -.- 1987_. 

1982-. 
1987 acres harvested: 


(X) 

1 369 139 
720 539 

10 849 031 
16 894 585 

68 135 




626 575 
1 473 963 


15.0 to 24.9 acres 


1 901 150 
(D) 




(D) 




2 983 100 


0.1 to 0.9 acres --- 


94 844 
538 490 




1 580 338 


15.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 49.9 acres 


1 128 500 
(D) 
(0) 




10 722 820 







Table 46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 


see introductory text) 


















Under glass or other protection 


In the 


open 


Sales 


Crop 












Value 






Farms 


Square feet 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


($1,000) 


Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms 
grown for sale (see text) 


and sod 

1987.. 

1982.. 


309 
333 


5 996 355 
4 707 673 


408 
423 


10 364 
7 660 


578 
614 


63 869 
45 789 


1987 value ol sales: 




40 
66 
84 
50 
26 
19 
24 


26 495 
154 389 
487 777 
736 488 
761 125 
851 550 
2 978 531 


71 
100 
114 
42 
29 
26 
26 


57 

301 

847 

1 134 

989 

1 907 

5 130 


99 
142 
155 
71 
40 
34 
37 


123 




773 




3 104 


$40 000 to $99 999 sales 


4 426 




5 510 




9 789 


$500,000 sales or more 


40 145 


Bedding plants 


1987.. 

1982.. 


187 
204 


2 266 163 
1 729 451 


43 
35 


367 
475 


203 
212 


14 047 
10 013 


Cut flowers and cut florist greens 


1987.. 

1982.. 


23 
32 


148 164 
297 534 


44 
32 


250 
129 


60 
58 


941 
1 335 


Foliage and potted flowenng plants, total „ 


1987.. 

1982.- 


128 

127 


2 614 062 
1 891 065 


63 
78 


325 
643 


164 
180 


13 679 
to 871 




1987 


40 


715 963 


22 


126 


56 


4 736 




1987.. 


112 


1 898 109 


46 


198 


138 


8 943 


Nursery crops 


1987.. 

1982.. 


61 
57 


527 722 
442 542 


243 
253 


6 170 
3 667 


253 
264 


27 049 
17 415 


1987 value of sales: 




6 
14 
14 
10 
6 
7 
4 


4 825 
39 900 
33 216 
77 496 
103 105 
145 620 
123 560 


34 
78 
71 
23 
12 
13 
12 


25 

194 
623 
692 
331 
674 
3 633 


37 

80 
74 
25 
12 
13 
12 


53 




454 


$10,000 to $39,999 sales . _ 


1 336 




1 535 




1 640 


$200,000 to $499,999 sales . 


3 775 


$500,000 sales or more 




18 255 




19B7 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 


42 
36 


3 239 
2 703 


42 

36 


5 753 


1982.. 


4 639 



38 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Ctiaractenstics 



Fewest number ot farms accounting i 



10 percent of sales 25 percent of sales 50 percent of sales 



75 percent of sales 



Farms number.. 

percent,. 

Land in farms acres. - 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings' farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars. - 

Estimated market value ol all machinery and equipment $1,000.. 

percent.. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Total cropland acres.. 

Han/ested cropland acres.. 

Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured acres.. 

Market value of agncuHural products sold $1.000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Grains _ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Tobacco farms. _ 

$1,000.. 
Hay, silage, and field seeds farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melon farms.. 

$1,000.- 
Fruits, nuts, and berries. farms., 

$1,000.. 
Nursery and greentiouse crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other crops farms.. 

$1,000., 

Poultry and poultry products farms.. 

$1,000-, 
Dairy products farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Cattle and calves farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hogs and pigs farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other livestock and livestock products (see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Total farm production expenses' farms,. 

$1,000.- 
Selected farm production expenses': 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Agncultural chemicals _ farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Petroleum products.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Electricity farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hired farm labor farms,. 

$1.000,, 
Interest farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Payments from government programs farms.. 

$1,000-. 

Inventory of selected livestock: 

Cattle and calves farms.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms.- 

number-- 



14 776 

100.0 

2 396 629 



14 774 

5 418 920 

366 788 

2 261 



1 356 
15 731 

2 503 
10 116 



8 473 

578 

63 869 



2 181 
425 871 
1 476 
187 216 
5 368 
56 718 
1 265 
37 032 

627 
1 274 
1 271 
27 894 



5 250 
102 147 
7 995 
300 284 
10 292 
50 516 
9 362 
26 447 

13 824 
30 365 
10 585 
16 592 

5 958 
81 230 

5 843 
40 272 



5 780 
308 052 

1 694 
110 463 

1 322 
197 214 



41 247 

2 291 500 

3 532 



275 947 

1 692 926 

2 231 



906 471 

1 186 480 

2 147 



7 470 


12 607 


5 


15 


1 581 


3 507 


25 


57 


33 143 


46 193 


4 


8 


1 025 


2 202 


96 


466 


140 737 


279 604 


16 


162 


15 647 


62 374 


35 


227 


5 120 


13 513 



7 047 

685 

48 366 



32 532 
98 

97 774 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 39 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms witii sales of $10,000 or more 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

percent. 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

31,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 



Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text). 

51,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 10 $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24,999... 
$25,000 10 $39.999... 
$40,000 to $49.999... 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 to $249,999. 

$260,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 to $999,999. 
$1,000,000 or more... 



Grains farms. 

$1,000. 
Safes of $50,000 or more farms. 



Corn tor grain farms 



Wheat farms. 

$1,000 
Soybeans farms 



Sorghum for gram farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Barley farms.. 



Oats farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other grains farms.. 



Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 



Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 



Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 



Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more tarms. 



Fruits. ntjts, and berries farms. 

$1,000 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms 



Nursery and greenhouse crops farms 

$1,000 
Sales of $50,000 or more lai 



Other crops _ fai 

$1,( 
Sales of $50,000 or more fai 

Poultry and poultry products 

Sales of $50,000 or more 



Dairy products fai 

$1,( 
Sales of $50,000 or more fai 



Cattle and calves fai 

Sales of $50,000 or more 



,000. 
. farms- 
$1,000. 



14 776 

100.0 

2 396 629 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



2 122 
2 043 
1 948 
1 881 
1 585 

427 
781 

319 
1 084 
1 569 



6 112 

123 049 

580 

74 364 

3 863 
53 661 

2 941 
16 653 

3 648 
48 499 

27 



3 473 
296 
448 



1 


356 


b 


/:» 




47 


3 


544 


? 


503 





116 



63 869 

169 

59 300 



2 181 
425 871 

1 366 
422 138 



9 375 
487 938 
52 047 



1 414 

1 295 

940 



10 035 
1 048 
3 099 



41 503 

115 

38 103 



38 029 

245 

33 806 



3 693 

25.0 

1 202 858 



3 693 
388 014 
105 067 



56 879 

1 524 
34 949 

1 384 
10 791 

1 567 
32 059 

17 



5 


102 




?0 


4 


582 




77 


11 


6h4 




26 


11 


166 




63 


2 


S/3 




12 


2 


310 




519 


100 


174 




32b 


99 


594 




714 


113 


7in 




617 


111 


329 


1 


725 


2b 


649 



2 764 

593 

7 603 



6 782 

45.9 

883 435 

278 



6 782 
964 750 
142 251 



74 364 

2 532 
51 110 

2 264 
15 700 

2 596 
45 841 

18 



590 

12 598 

47 

3 544 

1 125 

7 860 

15 

1 073 

671 
27 174 

135 
20 747 



1 729 
425 563 

1 366 
422 138 



3 289 

223 

499 807 



3 289 
470 615 
143 088 



844 
8 298 

630 
2 546 



40 
38 


899 
115 
103 




48 
439 




(D) 


1 
303 

301 


182 
882 
986 
142 



2 469 
383 569 

155 354 



1 281 
34 496 

1 207 
10 501 

1 350 
31 505 



18 


051 




91 


14 


789 




89 


b 


0H4 




20 


4 


582 



2 555 

12 

2 310 



too 121 

325 

99 594 



See footnotes at end of table. 



40 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purctiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999. 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999. , 

$25,000 to $99.999... 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$60,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._ 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms 

$1,000. 
Natural gas ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc. farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 
851 440 
57 631 



4 759 

1 120 

1 170 

946 



2 236 
776 
806 

1 033 



7 955 

1 910 

302 



11 864 

12 300 
8 165 

12 267 
426 
654 



9 365 
428 355 
46 740 



4 
182 


971 
206 


3 


217 
542 

593 
619 


2 

172 


882 

106 


1 


488 
280 
425 
689 


4 
6 


964 
918 


3 
1 


655 
089 
202 
18 


5 
12 


719 
440 



7 242 
5 260 
4 324 
3 708 
246 
323 



3 637 
328 467 
90 313 



1 152 
410 
425 



3 
12 


046 
277 


1 
1 


185 
224 
554 
83 


3 
29 


125 
773 


1 

1 


745 
068 
219 
93 


2 

15 


952 
604 



3 192 

5 450 
2 736 

6 690 



6 775 
802 328 
118 425 



5 627 
10 052 
5 083 



3 399 
393 342 
115 723 



2 661 

3 662 

2 159 

3 163 



2 411 
318 587 
132 139 



894 

1 038 

219 



2 164 
4 993 
2 135 
6 450 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 41 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


, see introductory text) 




















All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 




Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 
Electncity_- --- 

Farms with expenses of— 


- farms.. 
$1,000.. 


10 585 
16 592 

7 062 

2 900 
585 

38 

5 958 
81 230 

3 659 
1 610 

569 
120 

1 585 

10 091 

681 
548 
267 
89 

12 077 
46 104 

9 486 

2 361 
179 

51 

5 327 
9 821 

3 075 
1 797 

433 
22 

5 843 
40 272 

3 735 
1 787 

304 
17 

4 037 
26 859 

814 
1 686 

1 308 
229 

2 953 

11 413 

1 224 

1 138 
525 

66 

3 987 
26 726 

2 699 
566 
497 
225 

13 206 
19 804 

12 678 
387 
129 

12 

13 462 
67 978 

11 165 

1 812 

321 

164 


6 549 

8 815 

4 792 

1 529 
205 

23 

3 225 
38 654 

2 238 
743 
194 

50 

975 

5 467 

447 
336 
149 
43 

7 401 
20 468 

6 391 
939 

48 
23 

2 870 

3 666 

1 911 
822 
130 

7 

3 063 
17 319 

2 049 
927 

80 

7 

2 497 
14 147 

552 

1 159 

713 

73 

1 127 

3 172 

548 
451 

114 
14 

9 295 
13 019 

8 992 
210 

88 

5 

a 463 
30 057 

7 679 
625 
110 

49 


2 943 
5 853 

1 587 

1 067 

277 

12 

1 990 
33 310 

958 
659 
320 
53 

455 

3 485 

181 
152 
87 
35 

3 313 
20 096 

2 078 
1 099 

114 
22 

1 724 

4 438 

806 

699 

208 

11 

2 139 
20 161 

1 216 
707 
206 
10 

1 540 
14 712 

262 
527 
595 
156 

1 185 

5 449 

459 
434 
258 
34 

2 756 
17 124 

1 947 
357 
296 
156 

3 635 

6 402 

3 418 

171 

40 

6 

3 454 
26 435 

2 330 
884 
148 

92 


1 093 
1 924 

683 

304 

103 

3 

743 
9 265 

463 
208 
55 
17 

155 
1 139 

53 
60 
31 

1 363 
5 540 

1 017 

323 

17 

6 

733 

1 717 

358 

276 

95 

4 

641 

2 792 

470 
163 
18 

641 
2 792 

217 
253 
153 
18 

1 231 
9 603 

752 
209 
201 
69 

276 
383 

268 
6 
1 

1 

1 545 
11 485 

1 156 
303 
63 
23 


5 907 
15 389 

2 570 

2 714 
585 

38 

4 008 
78 825 

1 782 

1 549 
557 
120 

981 
9 509 

293 
337 
262 
89 

6 018 
39 401 

3 661 

2 140 
167 

50 

3 384 
8 738 

1 426 

1 503 
433 

22 

3 954 
36 413 

2 163 

1 471 
304 

16 

2 625 

24 581 

317 
1 036 

1 044 
228 

2 281 
10 833 

775 
922 
518 
66 

2 853 

25 426 

1 617 
523 
493 
220 

5 990 
12 476 

5 563 
312 
103 

12 

6 775 
63 391 

4 495 
1 795 

321 
164 


2 956 
7 936 

1 314 

1 414 

205 

23 

1 821 
36 776 

906 
682 
183 
50 

533 

5 025 

154 
192 
144 
43 

2 927 
15 598 

2 076 
793 
36 
22 

1 524 

2 958 

739 

648 

130 

7 

1 709 
13 318 

966 

657 

80 

6 

1 347 
10 433 

159 
629 
487 
72 

777 

2 886 

289 
365 
109 
14 

3 395 

6 951 

3 158 

170 

62 

5 

3 399 
26 672 

2 622 
618 

110 
49 


2 186 
5 633 

876 

1 021 

277 

12 

1 624 
32 975 

592 
659 
320 
53 

338 

3 397 

106 
110 
87 
35 

2 305 

18 705 

1 144 

1 025 

114 

22 

1 333 

4 221 

474 
640 
208 

11 

1 725 

19 407 

848 
661 
206 
10 

1 278 
14 148 

158 
407 
557 
156 

984 

5 259 

339 
355 
256 
34 

2 066 
16 645 

1 271 
343 
296 
156 

2 409 
5 201 

2 227 

136 

40 

6 

2 411 
25 569 

1 297 
874 
148 
92 


765 
1 820 

380 




279 




103 




3 


Hired farm labor 

Farms witti expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


563 
9 074 

284 




208 




54 


$100,000 or more 

Contract labor 

Farms witfi expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


17 

110 
1 088 

33 




35 




31 


$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1,000-. 


11 

786 
5 097 

441 




322 




17 




6 


Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment 

Farms with expenses of- 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


527 
1 559 

213 




215 




95 


$25,000 or more 

Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


4 

520 
2 688 

349 




153 


$25 000 to $99,999 


18 


$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 






_ 


$5 000 to $24,999 


_ 


$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


520 
2 688 

147 


$1,000 to $4,999 


202 




153 


$25,000 or more 

Cash rent 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


18 

787 
8 781 

346 




180 




197 




64 


Properly taxes - .- 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms., 
$1,000.. 


186 
325 

178 




6 


$10,000 to $24,999 


1 


$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses 

Farms with expenses of— 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


1 

965 
11 149 

576 




303 


$25,000 to $49,999 


63 


$50,000 or more 




23 



See footnotes at end of table. 



42 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



Full owners Part owners 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms .number., 

S1.000__ 
Average per farm dollars-. 

Farms with net gains^ number.. 

Average net gain dollars.. 

Gam of — 

Less than $1.000 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number.. 

Average net loss dollars.. 

Loss of— 

Less than S1,000__ __ 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments.. farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms.. 

$1.000., 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms. , 

$1.000.. 

Forest products and Christmas trees (arms.. 

$1,000-. 

Other farm-related income sources farms.. 

$1.000,. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total _. farms,. 

$1,000-. 
Corn farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Wheat farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms.. 

$1.000.- 

Cotton farms., 

$1,000.. 

Peanuts, rye, nee, tobacco, and honey... farms. - 
$1.000-- 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres _ 

200 to 499 acres ._ _. 

500 to 999 acres... 

1.000 to 1.999 acres.. __ 

2,000 acres or more 



Cropland 

Pasture or grazing only farms.. 

acres.. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
tmprovement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed ... 
In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



acres., 
farms., 
acres - - 
farms - - 
acres, _ 
farms.- 
acres.- 
farms.. 
acres., 
farms. - 



14 774 

135 200 

9 151 



982 
2 743 
2 212 

976 



? 


ssa 


?<) 


51? 


:i 


;)97 


14 


2/3 


1 


ni9 


5 


380 


1 


1?.1 


a 


444 




h;t? 


■? 


78? 


1 


163 



13 200 
1 744 891 

11 960 
1 346 913 

6 844 

1 774 
1 602 
1 204 



7 949 

423 626 

2 384 



9 365 
64 151 
6 850 



1 709 

1 130 

382 



1 060 

5 737 

2 053 

6 826 



1 348 

687 

1 577 



7 971 
512 421 

6 946 
330 464 



5 290 
243 340 

1 562 
42 440 

4 479 
200 900 



3 637 
54 076 
14 868 



1 103 

18 655 

950 

5 647 



3 618 
967 553 

3 482 
800 932 



155 080 

657 

24 538 

1 895 

130 542 



1 772 
16 973 
9 578 



390 
5 119 

394 
1 799 



1 491 

2 212 
976 



1 885 


27 827 


1 741 


10 095 


835 


4 288 


451 


1 928 


225 


1 965 


694 


1 914 



486 
13 886 

467 
12 596 



1 477 
1 042 
1 446 



2 222 


114 942 




804 


38 


?0? 




306 


9 


484 




14H 


7 


781 


1 


653 


104 


914 


3 


743 


?71 


4HK 


1 


0?? 


41 


915 


.•t 


300 


229 


571 



3 399 
82 867 
24 380 



2 543 
317 979 

2 293 
229 483 



? 


064 




683 


27 


567 


1 


853 


119 


01? 




473 


IS 


221 


1 


633 


99 


791 



2 411 
58 993 
24 466 



1 567 

133 600 

430 

19 626 

1 390 

113 974 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 43 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Paslureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured farms- 

acres- 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc. (arms. 

acres. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs farms. 

Conservation reserve program farms. 

acres. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms. 

$1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre... dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39.999. 

$40,000 to $69.999 

$70,000 to $99.999 

3100,000 to $149.999 

$150,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 ._ 

$2,000,000 to $4.999,999 

$5,000,000 or more __- 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment -__ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 to $499,999__ 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 

Gram and bean combines farms. 

number. 
Cottonpickers and sthppers farms. 

number, 
flower conditioners farms. 

number. 
Pickup balers farms. 

number. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

acres on which used. 

Lime _ farms. 

acres on which used 
tons. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc.. to 
control — 

Insects on hay and other crops farms 

acres on which used 

Nematodes in crops farms 

acres on which used 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms 

acres on which used 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms 

acres on which used 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms 

acres on which used 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 

5 418 920 

366 788 

2 261 



1 746 
1 244 
1 116 



1 357 

2 916 

2 968 

3 663 
1 897 



12 207 
24 323 

13 505 
37 672 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 



4 970 

5 638 

5 225 

6 126 



10 292 

135 625 

3 784 

195 677 

225 992 



5 122 
418 327 
662 
45 255 
1 261 
39 094 



9 365 

2 397 914 

256 051 

2 625 



2 963 
662 
234 



1 091 

2 308 
2 102 
2 257 

893 



7 


4S3 


1? 


M8 


8 


4h1 


?n 


1)15 


R 


3flB 


in 


337 


4 


876 


9 


678 


1 


300 


1 


427 


? 


708 


3 


r?'? 


? 


693 


3 


118 


5 


719 


?R1 


070 


1 


838 


57 


878 


68 


249 


? 


56? 


91 


058 




256 


1? 


360 




726 


8 


753 


3 


246 


180 


915 




25.S 


9 


806 



3 637 

2 383 688 

655 400 

2 029 



1 319 
629 
435 
209 



3 


266 


8 


493 


3 


4/1 


12 


8/8 


2 


393 


4 


537 


2 


806 


8 


341 


1 


433 


1 


638 



3 125 
670 568 

1 429 
108 876 
127 645 



22 763 

379 

24 883 



1 772 
637 318 
359 660 

2 066 



1 488 

3 082 
1 583 

4 779 
1 000 
1 755 
1 210 
3 024 



1 448 

183 987 

517 

28 923 



6 775 

3 923 138 

579 061 



6 180 
16 004 

6 351 
23 276 

4 250 

7 975 

5 239 
15 301 



5 285 
029 398 

2 266 
167 485 
191 790 



43 602 

675 

35 525 



3 399 
312 483 
386 138 

2 450 



3 007 
6 811 
3 123 
9 569 

2 233 

3 882 
2 290 
5 687 



2 411 

2 079 650 

862 567 

1 920 



2 


287 


7 


018 


? 


328 


10 


318 


1 


509 


3 


043 


? 


160 


7 


275 


, 


275 


1 


478 


1 


251 


1 


45/ 


1 


407 


1 


713 


2 


244 


646 


292 


1 


094 


102 


063 


120 


370 


1 


428 


244 


963 




223 


22 


444 




283 


24 


029 


1 


815 


510 


640 



44 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of aboreviations and symbols 



Farms with sales o( SI 0.000 c 



Full owners Part owners 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators ._ 
Full owners . 
Part owners - 
Tenants 



White .- 

Full owners _ 
Part owners- 
Tenants 



Black and other races . 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants .__ ._. 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned tarms. 

acres. 

Owned land in farms farms. 

acres. 

Land rented or leased from others farms.. 

acres.. 

Rented or leased land in farms farms.. 

acres.. 

Land rented or leased to others farms,. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days _, 

200 days or more 



Not reported . 



Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm . 



Not reported . 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 



55 to 59 years . 
60 to 64 years . 
65 to 69 years . 
70 years and ov 
Average age . 

Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole propnetorship) farms. 

acres. 

Partnership farms. 

acres. 
Corporation: 

Family held farms. 

acres. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other than family held farms. 

acres. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other — cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc farms. 

acres- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



4 


77B 


9 


:us 


:i 


««••( 


1 


708 


4 


,144 


H 


nK« 


n 


61fl 


1 


660 



13 093 
1 547 491 

13 068 
1 422 869 

5 439 
981 677 

5 401 
973 760 



11 392 
2 380 
1 004 



5 766 
7 985 
1 202 
1 279 

5 504 

1 025 



1 000 

2 306 
8 210 



1 459 

1 916 

52.7 



12 738 

756 220 

1 323 

359 020 



9 375 
997 253 

9 375 
886 387 



3 417 

5 257 

655 

806 

3 796 

701 



432 

657 

1 404 



1 552 
1 100 
1 060 



3 693 
3 693 

3 618 
3 618 



3 693 
547 356 

3 693 
536 482 

3 693 
668 926 

3 693 
666 376 



6 782 
3 289 

2 469 

1 024 

6 682 

3 223 

2 446 

1 013 



25 


5 772 


2 882 


1 055 862 


- 


5 758 


- 


989 534 


1 708 


3 510 


310 304 


899 405 


1 708 


3 493 


307 384 


893 901 



276 
387 
960 
3 954 
20.0 

1 205 



1 372 


5 401 


205 229 


1 301 468 


193 


839 


51 359 


318 461 



3 289 
556 686 

3 289 
499 807 



2 478 
475 
336 



373 361 

339 

59 057 



2 469 
2 469 

2 446 
2 446 



2 469 
496 915 

2 469 
489 727 

2 469 
624 165 

2 469 
622 287 



1 421 
860 
268 



1 932 

753 949 

369 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 45 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



Farms with sales of $10,000 < 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1.999 acres. 
2.000 acres or more , 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grams (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) - 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e c. (0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024). 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms v^ith — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199. ._ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with— 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

number 

Cattle and calves sold farms, 

number 
$1,000 

Calves farms 

number 
$1,000 

Cattle farms 

number 
$1,000 

Fattened on grain and concentrates farms 

number 
$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 271 

1 388 

938 



2 006 
1 159 



1 340 
1 542 
1 225 



1 622 

2 367 
803 
686 



5 368 
154 540 
56 718 

2 999 
71 890 
10 447 

4 635 
82 650 
46 271 

1 656 
27 122 
17 484 



3 033 
58 988 
22 372 

1 512 
26 029 

5 261 

2 589 
32 959 
17 111 

973 
10 483 

6 226 



1 725 
71 368 
25 649 

1 066 
33 540 

3 947 

1 509 

37 828 

21 701 

536 



538 

25 too 

225 

3 472 



16 013 

451 
5 459 

610 
24 184 
8 697 



1 462 
572 

438 



2 816 
136 096 
50 007 

1 847 
65 043 

9 031 

2 501 
71 053 
40 976 

769 



1 093 
44 955 
17 288 
638 
20 815 
4 181 
964 



1 266 
67 979 
24 404 



46 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory le<ll 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms.. 



Farms with— 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 

too to 199--. 
200 to 499-.. 
500 or more . 



Other farms-. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs sold — farms.. 

number.. 

$1.000.. 

Feeder pigs.. farms.. 



Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms,- 
number-- 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms.. 

number.. 

June 1 and Nov, 30 farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Ewes 1 year old or older farms.. 



Sheep and lambs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn.- farms-. 



Horses and ponies inventory farms-- 

number-- 
Horses and ponies sold farms-- 

number-- 
Goats inventory - farms-- 

number.. 
Goats sold... ..- farms.. 

number.. 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms, 
number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 .-- 

3.200 to 9,999 

10,000 to 19,999 --. 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 



Hens and pullets of laying age . farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets sold. farms.. 

number.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms. 

number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 1.999 

2,000 to 59,999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 



Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number- 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 265 
372 470 
37 032 
375 
94 341 
3 900 



3 287 

26 513 

913 

3 565 



354 355 

402 

3 330 041 



257 070 110 



Full owners Pan owners 



10 887 

605 

70 705 

633 
154 846 
15 843 



335 


7 984 


478 


17 112 


432 


10 132 


432 


10 466 


419 


14 746 


120 460 


2 343 


18 975 


667 


2 635 


339 


2 009 



218 409 

276 

2 438 412 



462 
173 779 
16 904 



20 860 

275 

10 364 



44 661 
496 622 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



26 150 

759 

163 175 



361 064 

36 192 

233 

88 440 

3 697 



20 167 

489 

20 442 



Full owners Part owners 



9 683 

286 

66 548 



7 745 

86 

3 996 



13 184 

350 

75 019 



252 
20 524 

230 
10 232 

239 
10 292 



74 
5 005 

66 
2 264 

69 
2 741 

25 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 47 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or r 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for grain or seed farms- 

bustlelS- 

Irrigated farms. 

acres - 
Farms by acres tian/ested; 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Corn for silage or green chop farms- 

acres. 

tons, green. 

Irngated farms.. 

Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Wheat for gram farms. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated farms 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres _ 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley for grain farms. 

bushels. 

Irngated farms. 

acres. 



Oats for grain farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Tobacco farms. 

acres., 
pounds. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

1.0 to 19 acres 

2 to 2.9 acres 

3.0 to 4 9 acres 

5-C to 9.9 acres 

10.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 acres or more 



Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres 
bushels 

Irrigated farms 

acres. 
Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more.. 



cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested; 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more . 



Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms., 
acres, 
tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 



1 568 

1 173 

296 



1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 



3 697 

405 170 

9 352 369 



1 065 

1 476 

738 

276 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



2 599 

91 465 

6 306 653 



1 158 
29 524 
253 865 



452 
10 637 
662 339 



1 525 
77 333 
702 675 



3 819 
98 089 
191 183 



2 185 

268 726 

20 659 670 



1 432 

91 593 

4 347 240 



312 

3 395 

4 561 105 



1 573 

260 108 

6 164 630 



824 

72 218 

4 975 391 



522 

24 964 

1 165 168 



107 079 

1 
(D) 

255 

2 056 

2 692 895 



599 
67 729 
485 064 



3 589 

400 179 

30 145 244 



1 004 

1 475 

697 

270 



1 654 
90 073 
190 823 



2 330 

134 432 

6 339 852 



919 

1 041 

295 



1 312 

56 634 

3 566 060 



10 660 504 



2 615 
374 489 
800 630 



3 047 
186 533 
485 725 



1 176 
70 675 
107 328 



490 
18 456 
236 284 



659 

22 747 

1 006 463 



307 

9 142 

580 934 

6 

(0) 


753 

37 686 

2 385 042 

6 

285 


222 

2 778 

162 164 


343 

7 041 

423 234 



814 

59 183 

1 354 524 



1 429 
108 401 
293 293 



48 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or r 



CROPS HARVESTED- Con. 



Hay— alfalfa, otfier tame, small grain, wile 
grass silage, green cfiop. etc (see text) 
-Con 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres - 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Alfalfa hay farms. 

tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms, 

acres. 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) .-. farms., 
acres. . 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24.9 acres 

25-0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249,9 acres 

250-0 acres or more 

Sweet corn harvested for sale farms.. 

acres.. 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 

Land in orchards farms.. 

acres. . 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4-9 acres 

5-0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249 9 acres. 

250.0 acres or more 

Apples farms.. 

Beanng and nonbearing.. acres., 
pounds.. 



3 529 

2 505 

533 



3 049 
83 446 
269 318 



38 238 

418 

19 724 



453 

4 406 

39 315 230 



349 

1 488 

9 275 746 



1 221 
43 510 
151 130 



1 910 
67 980 
236 378 



36 200 

320 

19 414 



; farms with gams of less than $1,000 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 49 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1 or less 
stock- 
tiolders 



Other than family held 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number.. 

percent. 

Land in farms acres.. 

; size of farm acres.. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24.999.. 

$25,000 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999... 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms.. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

50 MARYLAND 



14 776 

100.0 

2 396 629 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



319 
1 084 
1 569 



3 863 
53 661 

2 941 
16 653 



3 473 
296 
448 



1 


356 


15 


731 




A/ 


3 


544 


? 


503 


10 


116 



2 181 
425 871 

1 366 
422 138 

1 476 
187 216 

1 131 
179 001 



12 738 
650 561 
51 072 



1 956 

1 892 

1 780 

1 709 

1 342 



362 



5 164 

81 048 

372 

40 825 

3 205 
33 944 

2 417 
11 706 

3 005 
32 587 

24 



128 212 

858 

120 962 



1 323 
126 785 
95 831 



2 805 

426 

8 955 



6 607 

30 

5 519 



80 725 

70 

80 625 

77 
22 452 

72 
22 326 



7 733 
29 
(D) 



557 
146 297 
262 651 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbrevtations and symbols, see introductory text] 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other than family held 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool.. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms . 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 , 

$5,000 to $24,999 , 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 , 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 .- 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999.. - 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Aghcultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more _ 

Petroleum products. farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc. farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 
851 440 
57 631 


12 689 
575 387 
45 345 


5 250 
102 147 


4 581 
57 169 


2 889 

1 428 

837 

96 


2 640 

1 176 

708 

57 


7 995 
300 284 


6 990 
236 958 



7 955 

1 910 

302 

125 



11 864 

12 300 
8 165 

12 267 
426 
654 



2 054 
608 
662 



10 147 
8 693 
6 815 
8 207 
342 
283 



1 357 
105 311 
77 606 



618 
165 553 
267 885 



579 
143 132 
247 205 



468 
1 504 

389 
1 706 



568 
121 196 
213 372 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 51 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



img ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



10 or less 
stock- 
tiolders 



Ottier than family tield 



1 or less 
stock- 
holders 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electncity farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 - 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms, 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor.I farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 - 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ___ 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999-,- 

$1,000 10 $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent- farms. 

$1,000 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 -, 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 , 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more -- , 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000 
Farms with 9xpenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - _ 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



7 062 

2 900 

585 



3 659 

1 610 

569 



3 075 

1 797 

433 



1 686 

1 308 

229 



fi 


933 


10 


/27 


fi 


193 


? 


35? 




379 




9 


4 


809 


38 


436 


3 


161 


1 


2HH 




315 




34 


1 


301 


5 


595 



1 031 
897 
376 



2 230 
439 
377 



52 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



IFor meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other than family held 



or less 
stock- 
holders 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms number, 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with net gains^' number. 

Average net gain dollars. 

Gam of- 

Less than Sl.OOO 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms v^ilh net losses number.. 

Average net loss dollars. 

Loss of - 

Less than $1.000_ , 

$1,000 to $9.999 , 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms. 

$1,000. 

Other fann-related income' farms. 

$1,000. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms. 

$1,000. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms. 

$1,000. 
Forest products and Christmas trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Other (arm-related income sources farms. 

$1,000- 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms. 

$1,000. 
Corn farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat. farms- 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Cotton farms. 

$1,000. 
Peanuts, rye, nee. tobacco, and honey farms. 

$1,000. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms. 

acres. 

Harvested cropland farms. 

acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres __ 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 



In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres. 

farms - 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres. 



14 774 

135 200 

9 151 



982 
2 743 
2 212 

976 



1 401 
4 818 
1 530 



2 553 
29 512 

3 397 
14 273 



13 200 
1 744 891 

11 960 
1 346 913 

6 644 
1 774 
1 602 



1 631 
51 668 

840 
17 156 

292 
11 028 

2 902 
128 660 



423 626 
2 384 
71 353 
6 759 

352 273 



12 689 
69 230 
5 456 



905 
2 430 
1 774 

612 



1 290 
4 315 
1 299 



? 


030 


19 


554 


? 


840 


10 


856 


1 


10? 


4 


382 




935 


? 


611 




441 


1 


856 




98? 


2 


007 



388 
7 556 

358 
6 682 



11 361 

1 251 539 

10 272 

951 039 



719 
13 808 
237 
7 097 
2 413 
92 010 



65 870 

5 775 

270 941 



1 357 
20 246 
14 919 



352 
5 647 

363 
1 627 



8 146 

658 

43 420 



3 641 

282 

30 500 



579 
33 982 
58 691 



(D) 

169 

1 653 



7 255 

33 

5 333 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 53 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols 



introduclory text] 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other than family held 



D or less 
stock- 
holders 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE -Con. 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured _ farms. - 

acres.. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, 

wasteland, etc farms.. 

acres.. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annua! cofrimodiiy acreage adjustmer^t 

programs farms.. 

acres.. 
Conservation reserve program _ farms.. 

Value of land and buildings' farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

S40.000 to $69,999.. ^ 

$70,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $149.999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

S200.000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 ._ 

$2,000,000 to $4.999.999 

S5.000.000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to S9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortnjcks, including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms_ 

number. 

Grain and bean combines farms., 

number.. 
Cottonpickers and strippers farms. 

number. 
Mower conditioners farms., 

number. 
Pickup balers farms. 

number.. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

acres on which used. 

Lime ._ farms- 

acres on which used, 
tons. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc.. to 
control— 

Insects on hay and other crops farms 

acres on which used 

Nematodes in crops .__ farms 

acres on which used 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 

,icres on which i 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms. 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 

acres on which used. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



107 784 

81 

5 101 



1 746 

1 244 

1 116 

1 743 



12 207 
24 323 

13 505 
37 672 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 



4 970 

5 638 

5 225 

6 126 



10 292 

1 135 625 

3 784 

195 677 

225 992 



5 122 

418 327 

662 

45 255 

1 261 

39 09^ 



12 689 

3 948 963 

311 212 

2 256 



4 027 

1 290 

528 



14 728 
657 693 


12 643 
484 177 


1 357 

2 916 

2 968 

3 663 
1 897 


1 203 

2 644 

2 696 

3 259 
1 520 


1 286 
587 


943 
351 



10 441 
19 280 

11 536 
30 194 

8 307 
13 724 

7 456 
16 470 



4 221 
4 743 

4 475 

5 244 



8 594 
790 656 

3 118 
137 023 
159 181 



4 153 
281 565 
505 
26 050 
1 022 
21 454 



1 357 
823 545 
606 887 

2 272 



186 556 

436 

29 146 

32 853 



6 615 

423 
11 115 



618 

589 455 

953 811 

2 338 



6 058 

386 
9 944 



579 

549 201 

948 534 

2 279 



552 

2 303 

395 



6 058 

377 
9 684 



568 

529 424 

932 085 

2 249 



40 254 

1 032 154 

3 591 



25 556 

798 625 

3 060 



54 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other than family held 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators __ 
Full owners . 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



White 

Full owners - 
Pad owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races . 

Full owners 

Pan owners 

Tenants 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned 

Owned land in farms 



arms, 
acres, 
arms, 
acres - 



Land rented or leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 

Land rented or leased to others — 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported _ 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 
None 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days... 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex; 

fulale 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole propnetorship) farms. 

acres. 

Partnership farms. 

acres. 
Corporation, 

Family held farms. 

acres. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other than family held farms. 

acres. 

fvlore than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust. 

institutional, etc. farms. 

acres. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 776 
9 375 
3 693 
1 708 

14 344 
9 066 
3 618 



13 093 
1 547 491 

13 068 
1 422 869 

5 439 
981 677 

5 401 
973 760 



11 392 
2 380 

1 004 



5 766 
7 985 
1 202 
1 279 
5 504 



1 025 



706 

1 000 

2 306 
8 210 

18.6 

2 554 



1 689 

1 670 
1 762 
1 459 
1 916 

52 7 



12 738 

1 756 220 

1 323 

359 020 



12 738 
8 294 
3 072 
1 372 

12 342 
8 011 
3 004 
1 327 



11 390 
1 179 111 

11 366 
1 083 768 

4 477 
678 433 

4 444 
672 452 



10 034 

1 847 

857 



4 781 
7 066 
1 009 



856 
1 994 
7 155 



209 


1 263 


2 435 


1 502 


1 441 


1 433 


1 517 


1 250 


1 688 


528 


11 477 


1 261 



192 390 

1 130 

180 315 



490 
147 034 

489 
131 284 

298 
120 502 

296 
119 176 



449 
137 087 

448 
121 646 



116 617 

280 

115 425 



437 
132 694 

436 
117 884 

276 
114 437 

276 
113 445 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 55 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



■Con. 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other than family held 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres ___. 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1.999 acres. 
2,000 acres or more , 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Cash grams (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013). 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e.c (0133. 0134. 0139) :. 



Vegetables and melons (016).-. 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) ___ 
Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) . 



Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 



LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms.. 

number- 
Farms with — 
1 to 9. 





50 to 99 




200 to 499 




Cows and tieifers that tiad calved __. 
Beef cows 


farms.. 

number. _ 


Farms witti— 
1 to 9 


number.. 




50 to 99 _. 


100 to 199 


200 to 499 


500 or more 


ll/lilk cows 




Farms wittl— 


number.. 


5 to 9 


10 to 49... 


50 to 99 


100 to 199 


200 to 499... __ _ 




Heifers and tieifer calves 


farms.. 



number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000 

Calves farms. 

number. 
$1,000 

Cattle farms. 

number. 
$1,000 

Fattened on gram and concentrates farms 

number. 
$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table. 



4 400 
1 288 
1 271 



2 006 
1 159 



1 340 
1 542 
1 225 



1 597 

4 036 

1 158 

1 139 

1 212 

801 

592 

438 

1 082 

494 



1 04B 
1 338 
1 049 



5 780 


5 016 


308 052 


228 478 


1 622 


1 498 


2 367 


2 139 


803 


663 


686 


526 


279 


182 


23 


8 


4 621 


3 964 


158 917 


117 283 


3 185 


2 820 


48 454 


40 295 


1 690 


1 542 


1 334 


1 162 



463 


413 


576 


444 


283 


197 


55 


25 


5 


1 


4 003 


3 433 


98 532 


70 875 


4 276 


3 726 


50 603 


40 320 


5 368 


4 642 


54 540 


116 901 


56 718 


42 000 


2 999 


2 541 


71 890 


54 773 


10 447 


8 658 


4 635 


4 001 


82 650 


62 128 


46 271 


33 342 


1 656 


1 446 


27 122 


19 925 


17 484 


11 992 



472 

24 979 

259 



518 
19 790 
6 298 

322 
9 800 

948 

449 
9 990 
5 351 

157 



15 009 

89 

2 734 



56 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other than family held 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



UVESTOCK-Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory _, farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 _ 

100 to 199... 

200 to 499 _. 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms. 

number. 
Other farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms, 
number. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 ___ farms. 

number. 

June 1 and Nov. 30 farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

number. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number 
pounds of wool 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

number. 
Horses and ponies sold ._ farms. 

number. 
Goats inventory farms. 

number. 
Goats sold farms. 

number. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ,. farms, 
number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 _ 

400 to 3.199 __ 

3,200 to 9.999 

10.000 to 19.999 

20,000 to 49,999 _ 

50.000 to 99,999 _ _. 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

number. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1,999 

2,000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99.999 

100,000 or more 

Turkey hens kept tor breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



765 


650 


27 822 


16 711 


1 209 


1 035 


169 392 


95 130 


1 265 


1 083 


372 470 


216 819 


37 032 


19 618 


375 


324 


94 341 


76 245 


3 900 


3 095 


803 


683 


42 199 


24 405 


717 


606 


20 915 


11 981 


715 


608 


21 284 


12 424 


660 


582 


24 599 


18 500 


589 


526 


15 198 


11 982 



21 194 


14 683 


162 457 


105 900 


3 287 


2 910 


26 513 


21 604 


913 


799 


3 565 


2 930 


480 


434 


3 249 


2 752 



354 355 

402 

3 330 041 



257 070 110 



81 
5 619 

73 
2 828 

69 
2 791 

48 



1 129 

23 

402 333 



142 518 

14 

836 184 



98 802 

11 

668 968 



43 716 

3 

167 216 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 57 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1 or less 
stock- 
tiolders 



Other ttian family held 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for grain or seed farms. 

acres- 
bushels- 

Irrigated farms. 

acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Corn tor silage or green chop farms. 

acres, 
tons, green. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Wheat for grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres _ , 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley for grain farms.. 

acres, 
bushels.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Oats for grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

acres., 
pounds.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 
0.1 to 0.9 acres 



1,0 to 1.9 acres ... 
2.0 to 2,9 acres ... 
3.0 to 4.9 acres ... 
5.0 to 9-9 acres ... 
10.0 to 24.9 acres. 
25.0 acres or more 



Soybeans for beans farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

O.t to 4.9 acres 

5,0 to 24.9 acres 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 to 249,9 acres 

250,0 acres or more 



Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. ^ee text) .. farms, 
acres, 
tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1 893 
93 164 
222 626 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 



1 568 

1 173 

296 



1 541 

59 268 

3 707 134 



1 Oil 
13 879 
804 061 



1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 



3 697 

405 170 

9 352 369 



1 065 

1 476 

738 

275 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



4 702 

291 346 

20 923 240 



2 423 

1 502 

522 



2 573 

107 432 

4 840 366 



1 383 
940 
203 



1 218 

41 366 

2 529 221 



1 190 

8 717 

10 991 318 



3 050 

288 575 

6 356 532 



5 754 
197 929 
444 259 



645 

79 910 

6 229 975 



383 

23 354 

1 121 992 



610 
36 170 
90 072 



227 

57 935 

4 604 830 



212 

18 600 
52 714 



213 

55 981 

4 450 270 



210 

55 401 

4 416 936 



58 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



introductory text] 



Other than family held 



10 or less 
stock- 
holders 



Other - 

cooperative, 

estate or 

trust, 

insttlutional, 

etc. 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) 
-Con. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres _ ___ _ 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms-- 

acres__ 
tons, dry.. 

Irrigated farms_- 

acres-- 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ___ farms-. 
acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25-0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more _ 

Sweet corn harvested for sale farms,, 

acres-- 
Irrigated - farms.. 

acres. . 

Land In orchards ._. farms.. 

acres.. 
Irrigated farms.. 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25-0 to 99,9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Apples farms.. 

Bearing and nonbearing,. acres., 
pounds.. 



3 049 
83 446 
269 318 



1 184 

38 238 

418 

19 724 



2 538 
61 877 
195 138 



392 

1 532 

431 730 



^Data are based on a sample of farms. 

^Farms with total production expenses equal to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less than $1,000. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 59 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symools, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number.. 

percent.. 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm .acres.. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 



Farms by value of sales: 
Less tfian $1,000 (see text). 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 ._ 

$5 000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24,999... 
$25,000 to $39,999... 
$40,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
5100,000 to $249,999. 

$250,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 to $999,999. 
$1,000,000 or more... 



Grains fai 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more ... 

$1,000.. 

Corn for grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wfieat - far 

$1,000. 
Soybeans far 

$1,000.. 

Sorgflum for grain fai 

Barley 

Oats 



ms.. 
$1,000.. 
. farms.. 
$1, GOO- 



SI ,000-. 

Otfier grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000- 

Tobacco farms.. 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more __ farms 

$1,000 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Other crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Poultry and poultry products farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Dairy products farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Cattle and calves farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 776 

100.0 

2 396 629 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



2 122 
2 043 
1 948 
1 881 
1 585 

427 

781 

319 

1 084 

1 569 



123 049 

580 

74 364 

3 863 
53 661 

2 941 
16 653 

3 648 
48 499 

27 



3 473 
296 
448 



2 181 
425 871 

1 366 
422 138 

1 476 
187 216 

1 131 
179 001 



7 882 

53.3 

1 852 389 

235 



280 
553 
267 
885 
1 326 

637 



4 Oil 

107 751 

547 

71 193 



14 591 
2 530 
41 821 



1 356 


821 


15 731 


11 981 


47 


41 


3 544 


3 203 


2 503 


1 326 


10 116 


7 416 



498 


265 


8 473 


7 750 


36 


35 


6 531 


(D) 


578 


294 


63 869 


51 912 



1 402 

306 390 

979 

304 312 



6 551 

272 
4 995 

240 
1 591 

287 
3 652 



5 195 

19 

4 659 

18 

1 038 

4 

912 



77 859 

209 

77 507 



37 086 

241 

36 175 

471 

8 648 

29 

4 478 



1 406 
201 679 
143 442 



26 888 

142 

19 750 



11 497 

430 

3 783 



3 515 

15 

3 347 

74 
23 783 

45 
23 333 

23 
226 

2 
(D) 

291 
62 468 

221 
61 969 

308 
49 362 

268 
48 232 



1 901 

12.9 

517 068 

272 



7 


348 




37 


5 


920 




64 


? 


116 




7 


1 


803 




77 


16 


/Ol 




-.VA 


16 


129 




33 


1 


K// 




7 


1 


711 




320 


66 


279 




?3h 


6b 


831 




357 


5? 


(1/5 




280 


49 


898 



60 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987-Con. 



other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

percent.. 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms., 

$1.000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text). 

$1,000 to S2.499 

$2,600 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 , 

$20,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $39.999 , 

$40,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to S99.999 

$100,000 to $249,999... 

$250,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 or more... 

Grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000., 

Corn for grain farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Wheat farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sorghum for grain farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Barley ._ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Oats farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other grains farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and bemes farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000.. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1.000.. 

Other crops farms 

$1,000-. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Poultry and poultry products farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1.000.. 

Dairy products farms . 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Cattle and calves farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 
See footnotes at end of table 



6 894 
195 169 
28 310 



1 553 

1 419 

1 239 

978 

697 



147 





779 


119 482 




■M7 


117 


826 




73 


.1 


649 




?0 


2 


843 


? 


106 


11 


BiS 



1 617 

10 9 

116 479 



1 617 
49 188 
30 420 



35 489 

102 

35 051 

23 

626 

3 

268 



2 018 

137 

167 377 



2 018 
58 444 
28 961 



262 


364 


1 323 


1 809 


189 


215 


515 


667 


271 


308 


1 677 


1 961 


2 


3 


(D) 


2 


52 


49 


(L)) 


64 



1 531 
51 374 
33 556 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 61 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD- Con. 

Total sales (see text)— Con 

Hogs and pigs farms-. 

$1.000_. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000-. 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool farms.. 

$1.000_. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. . 

$1.000.. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

S1.000._ 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms With expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed tor livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1,000- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms.. 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 to $79.999.. 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 lo $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 10 $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 10 $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms, 

$1,000, 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000, 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table 



2 112 
884 
962 



9 362 


6 786 


26 447 


22 914 


8 009 


4 561 


1 201 


1 078 


117 


113 


35 


34 


13 824 


7 654 


30 365 


24 298 


12 408 


6 383 


1 326 


1 193 


66 


60 


24 


18 


11 864 


6 659 


12 300 


9 611 


8 165 


5 153 


12 267 


10 273 


426 


347 


654 


593 


9 481 


6 135 


5 144 


3 821 



830 
72 428 
87 263 



693 

1 007 

557 

936 



4 945 

27 

3 650 



1 243 
147 656 
118 790 



1 031 

1 757 
933 

2 138 



9 312 

8 

8 785 



1 451 
170 455 
117 474 



2 272 

1 050 

2 845 



1 605 

2 595 

1 289 

2 825 



62 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD- Con 

Total sales (see te)rt) — Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sfieep, lambs, and wool (arms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

51,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms.. 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999.. 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms, 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999... 

$25,000 10 $49,999.. 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000, 
See footnotes at end of table. 



6 756 
175 251 
25 940 



5 205 

2 688 

3 012 
1 994 



1 439 
45 447 
31 583 



1 965 
53 310 
27 130 



1 921 
1 104 



1 511 
42 817 
26 337 



12 611 
518 



519 


903 


558 


B55 


839 


686 


39.S 


593 


510 


1? 


15 


31 


11 


5 


13 


693 


970 


835 


2 TO 


649 


240 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 63 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



^lng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age ot operator (years) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electricity farms-. 

$1.000__ 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999--- 

Sl.OOO to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more _._ 

Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1,000- 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more _-_ 

Contract labor -. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

SI to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Properly taxes farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. . 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to 324,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



10 585 
16 592 


6 378 
12 993 


7 062 

2 900 

585 

38 


3 484 
2 336 

531 
27 


5 958 
81 230 


3 974 
66 815 


3 659 

1 610 

569 

120 


2 098 

1 299 

474 

103 


1 585 
10 091 


911 
7 484 


681 
548 
267 
89 


331 
302 
200 
78 


12 077 
46 104 


6 890 
36 105 


9 486 
2 361 


4 739 
1 947 



5 327 
9 821 


3 459 
7 582 


3 075 

1 797 

433 

22 


1 738 

1 350 

352 

19 


5 843 
40 272 


3 668 
30 900 


3 735 

1 787 

304 

17 


2 133 

1 246 

275 

14 


4 037 
28 859 


2 389 
21 017 


814 
1 686 
1 308 

229 


396 
919 
874 
200 



1 138 
525 
66 


869 
460 
63 


3 987 
26 726 


2 721 
24 222 


2 699 
566 
497 
225 


1 572 
472 
458 
219 


13 206 
19 804 


7 113 
12 649 


12 678 
387 
129 
12 


6 707 
300 
96 
10 


13 462 
67 978 


7 654 
55 234 


11 165 
1 812 


5 655 
1 555 



64 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see rnlroductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con, 

Electncity _ farms.. 

$1,000_. 
Farms wrtfi expenses of— 

$1 to S999 

$1,000 to S4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 .- 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$26,000 to $99,999 _ 

$100 000 or more 

Contract labor farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $999.. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ _ 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire, and rentat of 

machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 ._ 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more _ 

Secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _._ 

Not secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999.. _ 

$1,000 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 10 $24,999 __ 

$25,000 or more ._ 

Cash rent farms 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms.. 

$1.000__ 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. . 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 --_ _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 -_ _ _ 

$25,000 to $49,999 _ 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table, 



S 187 
9 999 

4 747 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 65 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT^ 

All farms number__ 

$1.000„ 
Average per farm dollars-. 

Farms with net gains^ number.. 

Average net gam dollars.. 

Gain of — 

Less than $1.000 -. 

$1,000 to $9,999 .__ - 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number,. 

Average net loss dollars.. 

Loss of— 

Less than $1,000 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more _ 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Forest products and Christmas trees farms., 

$1,000.. 
Other tarm-related income sources farms.. 

$1,000.. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total -. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Corn farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wheat farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats.. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Cotton _ ._ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Peanuts, rye. nee. tobacco, and honey... farms.. 

$1,000.. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland—.—^ farms.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres. - 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 

farms. 

acres. 



and not pastured . 

On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



arms, 
acres, 
arms, 
acres, 
'arms. 



tarms. 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
arms, 
acres- 



14 774 

135 200 

9 151 



982 
2 743 
2 212 

976 



1 401 
4 818 
1 530 



? 


SfSD 


?9 


fSl? 


;) 


:)9/ 


14 


2/3 


1 


319 


5 


380 


1 


1?3 


?1 


444 




S3? 


2 


782 



13 200 
744 891 

11 960 
346 913 

6 844 
1 774 
1 602 
1 204 



1 631 
61 668 

840 
17 156 

292 
11 028 

2 902 
128 660 

7 949 

423 626 

2 384 



8 018 
119 725 
14 932 



1 834 
25 772 

2 119 
10 705 



1 418 794 

6 740 

1 137 628 



946 

38 720 

413 



7 570 
1 764 
98 475 



49 152 

3 871 

235 212 



134 224 

679 

108 169 



2 368 

298 

17 213 



1 243 
21 548 
17 336 



3 004 

84 

2 689 



385 

260 

17 940 



1 451 
33 162 
22 854 



10 504 

675 

46 369 



1 313 

448 

24 889 



See footnotes at end of table. 



66 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987- Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Other occupations 



Age ot operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All (arms number-. 

$1,000.. 
Average per (arm dollars-- 

Farms virith net gains^ number.. 

Average net gam dollars.. 

Gam o( — 

Less than $1.000 

Sl.OOO to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms vnith net losses number, . 

Average net loss dollars. . 

Loss of— 

Less than $1.000 

$1,000 to $9.999 - 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments (arms- 

$1,000. 

Other farm-related income' (arms. 

$1,000. 
Customwork and other agncultural 

sen/ices (arms. 

$1,000. 

Gross cash rent or share payments (arms 

$1,000 

Forest products and Chnstmas trees farms 

$1,000 

Other (arm-related income sources farms. 

$1.000.. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Corn farms-- 

S1,000._ 
Wheat _ (arms.. 

$1.000.. 
Soybeans farms., 

$1.000,, 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms,, 

$1.000__ 

Cotton farms. - 

$1.000.. 

Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and tioney farms., 

$1,000., 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms-. 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms 

acres,. 
Farms by acres han/ested; 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres ,, 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops (ailed 

In cultivated summer (allow. 
Idle 



larms., 
acres., 
farms, - 
acres.- 
farms.. 
acres., 
arms-- 
acres.- 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



6 756 
15 475 
2 291 



6 013 
326 097 

5 220 
209 285 



3 458 
1 138 
30 185 

3 462 
139 262 

1 074 
22 201 

2 888 
117 051 



1 959 

222 

8 828 



1 965 
3 727 
1 897 



101 609 
1 522 
66 350 



1 371 
73 663 

1 212 
45 021 



797 


620 


17 569 


15 994 


219 


178 


4 482 


2 592 


134 


107 


1 997 


2 191 


29 


32 


1 145 


741 


365 


266 


10 066 


7 124 


1 059 


845 


41 599 


33 665 


330 


255 


6 441 


5 522 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 67 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



Total farming 

and otfier 

occupations 



Age of operator {year; 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Pasturetand and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured farms. 

acres. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, 

wasteland, etc. farms. 

acres. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms. 

acres. 

Conservation reserve program farms. 

acres. 

Value of land and buildings^ __ farms. 

$1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $69.999 

$70,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $149.999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 _. 

$1,000,000 to $1.999.999 

$2,000,000 to $4,999.999 

$5,000,000 or more _ 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 _ _. 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 .._ 

$100,000 to $199,999... 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 

Grain and bean combines farms. 

number. 
Cottonpickers and strippers _ farms. 

number 
Mower conditioners.. farms 

number 
Pickup balers farms 

number 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS* 

Commercial fertilizer farms 

acres on which used 

Lime farms 

acres on which used 
tons 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to 
control — 

Insects on hay and other crops _. farms 

acres on which used 

Nematodes in crops farms 

acres on which used 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms 

acres on which used 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture ^ farms 

acres on which used 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms 

acres on which used 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2 
103 


942 
655 


1 585 
70 135 


10 
124 


037 
457 


5 423 
79 096 


107 
5 


838 
784 
81 
101 


1 388 
94 058 

47 

2 692 


14 774 

5 418 920 

366 788 

2 261 


8 018 

3 856 996 

481 042 

2 070 




746 
244 
116 
743 
563 


668 
615 
506 
847 

711 


4 
1 


632 
558 


2 534 
1 163 



1 357 

2 916 

2 968 

3 663 
1 897 



12 207 
24 323 

13 505 
37 672 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 



4 970 

5 638 

5 225 

6 126 



10 292 

1 135 625 

3 784 

195 677 

225 992 



45 255 
1 261 
39 094 



477 
1 032 

1 417 

2 018 
1 496 



16 466 
7 414 

24 849 
5 240 
9 592 
5 510 

15 257 



3 135 
3 493 

3 407 

4 068 



6 157 
982 344 

2 423 
161 706 
186 582 



3 371 

366 444 

450 

38 219 



31 794 

334 674 

2 457 



830 

351 454 

423 439 

2 201 



2 293 
468 
762 



392 

33 907 

91 

3 753 

84 

2 797 

492 
67 427 



966 
204 836 

449 
35 413 
38 321 



1 451 
876 252 
603 895 



1 325 
3 737 
1 325 
5 190 
882 
1 708 
1 061 
3 482 



1 090 

254 835 

466 

37 217 

45 333 



17 055 

1 372 
23 253 



999 717 

535 754 

2 021 



1 625 
4 038 
1 773 
6 366 

1 245 

2 388 
1 390 

3 978 



68 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age ot operator (years) 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE-Con 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 
cropland and woodland pastured farms. . 

Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc farms. . 

acres.. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms.. 

acres.. 

Conservation reserve program farms, , 

acres.. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms.. 

$1,000-- 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $69,999 

$70,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $149,999. _ 

$150,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

$2,000,000 to $4.999.999 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms-. 

31.000,. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4.999 _ 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $49.999. 

$50,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number.. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms.. 

number.. 

Gram and bean combines farms. 

number 
Cottonpickers and strippers farms 

number 
Mower conditioners farms 

number 
Pickup balers . farms 

number 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Lime farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
tons.. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 
control — 

Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms. . 

acres on which used.- 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6 756 

1 561 924 

231 191 

2 930 



1 078 
629 
610 
696 
852 



5 123 
7 855 

6 091 
12 823 

4 541 

7 037 
3 382 

5 786 



4 


IS."; 


ih:< 


?H1 


1 


3fi1 


:);) 


9/1 


39 


410 


1 


7S1 


SI 


saa 




?i? 


7 


O.lfi 




BO? 


b 


294 


? 


319 


9B 


52b 




203 


4 


179 



11 816 

115 843 

3 034 



123 093 

178 914 

2 652 



825 

617 

1 209 

438 



1 439 
335 567 
233 195 

3 409 



1 191 
1 731 

1 277 

2 539 



1 965 
449 752 
228 881 

2 906 



1 442 

2 179 
1 822 

3 712 



1 511 
370 963 
245 508 

2 725 



1 062 

1 837 

807 

1 315 



993 
35 734 

327 
9 329 
10 820 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 69 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators _. 
Full owners . 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



White 

Full owners . 
Part owners - 
Tenants 



Black and other races . 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned 

Owned land in farms 



Land rented or leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms _. 



Land rented or leased to others- 



acres, 
farms, 
acres. 

farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by phncipal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days .._ 

100 to 199 days 

200 days or more 



Not reported . 



Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 



Average years t 
Not reported 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 



55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over _ 
Average age 



Operators by s 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms.. 

acres.. 

Partnership farms., 

acres.. 
Corporation: 

Family held farms., 

acres.. 

More than 10 stockholders farms., 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other than family held farms. 

acres. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other - cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc, farms. 

acres - 
See footnotes at end of table. 



14 776 
9 375 
3 693 
1 708 

14 344 
9 066 
3 618 
1 660 



13 093 
1 547 491 

13 068 
1 422 869 

5 439 
981 677 

5 401 
973 760 



11 392 
2 380 
1 004 



706 

1 000 

2 306 
8 210 

18.6 

2 554 



1 689 

1 670 
1 762 
1 459 
1 916 
52,7 



12 738 

1 756 220 

1 323 

359 020 



4 422 
2 422 

1 038 

7 655 
4 265 

2 385 
1 005 



6 660 
1 072 343 

6 844 
1 003 272 

3 476 
854 482 

3 460 
849 117 



1 053 

1 023 

1 423 

55,0 



109 663 

533 

109 289 



145 931 

967 

137 114 

677 
209 376 

672 
207 858 



397 
1 017 



52 125 

69 
37 536 



1 


248 


??4 


S4f) 


1 


?4;f 


211 


8/2 




751 


?in 


249 




749 


217 


646 



49.6 
1 261 



1 743 
323 232 

1 742 
305 913 

853 
212 169 

851 
211 155 

227 
18 333 



1 053 

59.8 

1 743 
158 



1 570 

348 160 

219 

93 458 



70 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



Table 50. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



AH operators .. 
Full owners _ 
Part owners - 
Tenants 



White --- 

Full owners _ 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races , 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned 

Owned land in farms. -- 



Land rented or teased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 



Land rented or leased to others . 



(arms. . 
acres. - 
arms. . 
acres.. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any - 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years.. - 

10 years or more --- 

Average years on present farm . 



Not reported - 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 



55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over . 
Average age 



Operators by sex; 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 



farms., 
acres. _ 

Partnership farms.. 

acres.. 



Other than family held farms— 



6 894 

4 953 

1 271 

670 



4 801 

1 233 

655 



6 233 


475 


148 


6 224 


419 


59/ 


1 


963 


127 


195 


1 


941 


124 


643 




957 


58 


103 



5 048 

1 431 

415 



583 
1 409 
3 399 

14.6 



702 
1 617 
1 052 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Otfier occupations 



26 987 

519 

24 468 

359 
21 446 

355 
20 947 



Age of operator (years) 



1 617 

1 032 

405 



1 592 

1 018 

398 



39 487 

585 

38 662 



400 
1 453 



145 384 

1 881 

129 930 



38 346 

515 

37 447 



49.3 
1 883 



1 531 

1 240 

224 



1 469 
125 490 

1 464 
109 630 



59.1 
1 418 



89 085 

891 

76 984 

122 
7 593 

120 
7 444 



27,9 
234 



436 
493 
71 4 



MARYLAND 71 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1,999 acres. 
2,000 acres or more . 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grams (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) - - 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e.c (0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) ___ 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmarjly livestock and 
animal specialties (029) - 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number- 
Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49-_ 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved _ farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number_ 

Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49, 

50 to 99. _ 

100 to 199. _ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with — 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99_ 

100 to 199___ 

200 10 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves -- farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold _. _ farms. 

numt)er 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Cattle - farms. 

number 
$1,000. 
Fattened on grain and concentrates ... farms 
number. 
51,000, 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4 400 


1 638 


1 288 


535 


1 271 


684 


1 388 


738 


938 


623 


702 


507 


526 


372 


1 363 


1 109 


712 


624 



2 006 

1 159 



517 
302 
483 
618 


301 
115 
227 
254 


3 541 
1 787 


1 483 
707 


1 340 
1 542 
1 225 


1 288 

1 026 

404 



1 622 

2 367 
803 



1 214 
670 
642 
266 



2 841 

136 082 

1 520 

28 360 



4 003 


2 587 


98 532 


87 061 


4 276 


2 512 


50 603 


37 098 


5 368 


3 262 


54 540 


127 458 


56 718 


45 063 


2 999 


2 092 


71 890 


62 343 


10 447 


8 240 


4 635 


2 839 


82 650 


65 115 


46 271 


36 824 


1 656 


875 


27 122 


21 101 


17 484 


13 892 



332 
14 381 
5 719 



16 886 

350 
6 591 



37 317 

369 

6 976 



23 982 

642 
10 927 



72 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 10 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 lo 1,999 acres - 
2,000 acres or more . 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, n ex. (0133, 0134. 0139) _- 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025)... 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmanty livestock and 
animal specialties (029) ,. 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory tarms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 __ _ 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms- 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

numljer. 

Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499. _. 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms- 

number. 

Farms with — 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 
$1 ,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Cattle farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 
Fattened on gram and concentrates .-. farms, 
number. 
SI .000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 376 
998 

486 



? 


106 


?7 


OR? 


11 


65S 




907 


9 


M/ 


■? 


mi 


1 


796 


M 


B3S 


H 


44/ 




781 


fi 


n?i 


3 


593 



4 251 

362 

3 722 



2 100 

377 
2 725 



7 006 

497 

5 682 



2 779 

531 

546 

5 346 

2 797 

237 

2 006 

1 235 



420 
5 581 

403 
5 362 



495 

6 130 

3 183 
217 

2 014 
508 
430 

4 116 
2 676 

183 
1 376 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 73 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199_.. - 

200 to 499... .,_ 

500 or more _ 

Used or to be used for breeding farms-- 

number.. 

Other - farms.- 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

number.. 
$1.000.. 

Feeder pigs. farms., 

number. - 
$1,000.. 

Litters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov, 30 ... farms 
number 

Dec, 1 and tvlay 31 farms 

number 

June 1 and Nov, 30 farms 

number. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

number. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number, 
pounds of wool- 
Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

number. 
Horses and pomes sold farms. 

number. 
Goats inventory farms. 

number. 
Goats sold farms. 

number, 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory _. farms. 
number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 399 _ 

400 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9.999 _ 

10.000 to 19.999 

20.000 to 49,999 

50.000 to 99.999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

number. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold ,._ farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



27 822 

1 209 

169 392 

1 265 

372 470 

37 032 

375 

94 341 



24 599 

589 

15 198 



3 287 
26 513 

913 
3 565 

480 
3 249 

141 
1 227 



209 137 

217 

853 723 



4 981 

49 

2 683 



34 792 

50 

328 842 



74 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory (arms. 

number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 --- 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499... 

500 or more 



Used cr to be used tor breeding farms. 

number. 
Other , farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms 

number 

$1 .000 

Feeder pigs farms 

number 
$1,000 

Utters of pigs (arrowed between— 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... (arms 
number 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms 

number 

June 1 and Nov 30 farms 

number 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory (arms. 

number. 

Ewes 1 year old or older (arms. 

number. 

Sheep and iambs sold (arms. 

number. 
Sheep and lambs shorn (arms. 

number, 
pounds o( wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

numt>er. 
Horses and ponies sold farms. 

number. 
Goats inventory (arms. 

number. 
Goats sold (arms. 

number. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. (arms, 
number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3,200 to 9.999 

10,000 to 19.999 

20,000 to 49.999 

50.000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets ot laying age farms. 

number. 
Pullets 3 monihs old or older not of laying 
age (arms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets sold (arms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms. 

number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 1.999 - , 

2.000 to 59.999 , 

60,000 to 99,999 _,_ , 

100.000 or more , 

Turkey hens kept lor breeding farms 

number 

Turkeys sold farms, 

number. 

See footnotes at end o( table. 



447 
97 522 
11 229 



267 

9 861 

239 

4 644 
240 

5 017 



365 

10 046 
332 

6 457 

325 

7 073 
319 

8 014 
59 154 



75 119 

48 

196 614 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 75 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for grain or seed farms- 

acres- 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres,. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres _ , 

500 acres or more 



Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

acres., 
tons, green.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres _ 

25 to 99 acres , 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres , 

500 acres or more 



Wheat for gram farms. 

acres 
bushels 

Irrigated farms. 

acres 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres _. 

500 acres or more _. 



Barley for grain farms. 

acres. 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Oats for gram farms. 

acres, 
bushels- 

Irrigated farms. 

acres- 

Tobacco farms. 

acres, 
pounds. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested; 
0.1 to 0,9 acres 



1.0 to 1-9 acres 

2.0 to 2-9 acres 

3.0 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 9.9 acres 

10.0 to 24,9 acres.. 
25.0 acres or more . 



Soybeans for beans farms. 



Irrigated 

Farms by acres harve: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres. - 
250 to 499 acres.. 
500 acres or more. 



bushels. 

.. farms. 

acres. 



cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0,1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25 to 99 9 acres __ 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 



Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. fsee text) .. farms, 
acres- 
tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms 

acres. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



5 


fiOfi 


3 834 


432 


409 


375 954 


1 941 


/14 


28 170 885 




1S/ 


124 


13 


728 


12 366 


2 


65? 


1 460 


1 


H3? 


1 366 




/Il 


625 




270 


244 




143 


139 


, 


R93 


1 654 


93 


1R4 


88 355 


1 222 


626 


1 159 667 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 



1 541 

59 268 

3 707 134 



1 011 
13 879 
804 061 



1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 



3 697 

405 170 

9 352 369 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



2 273 

124 722 

5 896 770 



1 007 
920 
273 



1 279 

54 606 

3 430 020 



679 
10 719 
631 782 



822 

7 903 

10 320 604 



2 550 

346 304 

8 057 626 



3 727 
191 052 
477 204 



220 

9 740 

117 311 



309 
17 615 
223 404 



670 

90 198 

6 696 982 



442 

31 643 

1 511 547 



630 

34 925 

1 636 261 



660 

91 405 

2 139 612 



76 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987- Con. 



ling of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn tor grain or seed farms.. 

acres., 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres - 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 actes or more 



Ctorn (or sildge or green chop -- farms- 

acres. 
tons, green. 

Irngated - farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more __. — 



Wheat (or gram farms.. 



bushels. 

.. farms. 

acres. 



Irrigated 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres.. 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley (or gram.. farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 

Oats (or gram farms. 

acres 
bushels 

Irngated farms 

acres 

Tobacco farms. 

acres, 
pounds- 

irngated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

1.0 to 1-9 acres 

2.0 to 2 9 acres 

3.0 to 4.9 acres 

5 to 9.9 acres 

too to 24 9 acres 

25.0 acres or more . 



Soybeans (or beans farms.. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



cwl. 
Irrigated farms- 
acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100 to 249.9 acres 

250 acres or more 



Hay — alfaita, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms, 
acres, 
tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 774 

56 455 

3 770 829 



839 
21 359 
869 503 



262 
4 662 

277 114 



332 
3 160 

172 279 



1 147 

58 866 

1 294 744 



2 892 
64 624 
116 650 



203 

5 140 

217 097 



658 

13 983 
26 451 



234 

7 013 

282 517 



316 
17 753 
388 512 



3 643 

1 

(D) 



426 
12 797 
787 005 



256 
11 026 
246 899 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 77 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



[Fot meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Hay- alfalfa, other tame, small gram. wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) 
-Con 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres -_- 

100 to .?49 acres _ 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Alf.-jlfa hay _._ farms. 

acres . 
tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) _._ (arms, 
acres. 

Irrigated _ farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4.9 acres 

5 lo 24,9 acres 

25.0 to ?'9 9 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Sweet corn ha^'\'ested for sale - ._- farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Land in orchards (arms. 

acres. 

Irrigated _. farms. 

acres - 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres __ 

5.0 to 24,9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more _ 

Apples _ farms- 

Bearing and nonbearing^. acres, 
pounds. 



3 529 


1 492 


2 505 


1 724 


533 


462 


47 


44 


5 


5 


3 049 


2 073 


83 446 


68 657 


269 318 


230 521 



1 222 
422 



34 319 

300 

18 369 



398 
16 052 
53 073 



See footnotes at end of table. 



78 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50 Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



(Fof meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Hay— ailaifa. other tame, small grain, wild. 
grass silage, green chop, etc (see text) 
-Con 
Farms by acres r^arvested; 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 10 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres Of more 

AHalla hay farms.. 

acres.. 

tons. dry.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Vegetables harvested tor sale (see text) ... farms., 
acres. - 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested; 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres 

250 to 999 acres. 

100 to 249 9 aaes.. 

250,0 acres or more 

Sweet com harvested for sale farms.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Land in orcfiards farms.. 

acres.. 

Imgated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by beanng and rwnbearing acres: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24,9 acres __ 

25-0 to 99 9 acres 

1000 to 2499 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Apples farms.. 

Beanng and nonbearing. .acres., 
pounds. - 



Other occupations 



976 
14 789 
38 797 



Age of operator (years) 



246 

3 410 
9 381 



219 
3 055 
7 307 



^Data are based on a sample of farms 

'Farms with total production expenses equal to market value ol agricultural products sold are included as farms with gams ol less than Si. 000, 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 79 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductofy text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number.. 

percent- 
Land in farms acres,. 

i of farm acres- 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm ..dollars.. 



Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text).. 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24,999... 
$25,000 to $39,999... 
$40,000 to $49.999... 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 10 $249,999. 

$250,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 to $999,999. 
$1,000,000 or more... 



Grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wfieat farms. 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans 

$1,000. 



Sorghur 
Barley . 
Oats .. 



for grain . 



ms.. 
$1,000.. 
. farms.. 
$1,000.. 



$1,000. 

Other grains farms. 

$1.000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1 ,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons ... 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more ___ farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products fai 



Dairy products fai 

Sales of $50,000 or more 



Cattle and calves. fai 

Sales o( $50,000 or more 



000. 
farms. 
$1,000.. 



14 776 

100,0 

2 396 629 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



319 
1 084 
1 569 



74 364 

3 863 
53 661 

2 941 
16 653 

3 648 
48 499 

27 



1 


356 


15 


731 




Ar 


3 


544 


? 


503 


10 


116 




15 


1 


0/3 


1 


IRl 


28 


205 



425 871 

1 366 

422 138 



1 838 

12.4 

8 093 



1 838 
121 421 
66 061 



527 
97 594 

382 
95 896 



4 400 

29.8 

111 409 



4 400 
155 945 
35 442 



17 476 

48 

16 065 

74 

319 

1 

(D) 



115 741 

409 

114 910 



2 382 

9 

1 982 



1 288 
30 975 
24 049 



1 426 

9 

1 174 



1 271 

8.6 

105 392 



1 271 
51 184 
40 271 



30 862 

89 

30 748 

61 
2 986 

29 
2 231 



( footnotes at end of table. 



80 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. . 

percent-- 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) (arms.. 

$1,000-. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less ttian $1,000 (sea text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 - - 

$2,500 to $4,999 - _ - 

$5,000 to $9,999 - 

$10,000 to $19,999- 

$20,000 to $24.999 - 

$25,000 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249.999 

$250,000 to $499.999 - 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains.- - farms.. 

$1,000.- 

Sales of $50,000 or more tarms-- 

$1,000.- 

Corn for gram farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wheat farms-- 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans farms-. 

$1,000.. 

Sorgfium for grain farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Barley farms.. 

$1,000- 
Oats farms.- 

$1,000.. 
Otfier grains farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more _-_ .- farms-- 

$1,000-- 

Tobacco farms.. 

S1.000-. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms.- 

$1,000-- 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons (arms.- 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes farms-. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms.. 

$1,000.- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms-- 

$1,000-- 

Ottier crops farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.- 

$1,000.. 

Poultry and poultry products farms.. 

$1,000-- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000- 

Dairy products farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.- 

$1,000-- 

Cattle and calves larms-- 

$1,000-- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. - 

$1.000.. 

See footnotes at end of table 



1 151 


1 301 


6 


9 


623 


1 010 


24 


14 


766 


262 


6 


1 


616 


(D) 


14 


19 


1 636 


2 376 


8 


9 


1 599 


(D) 



526 
51 850 
98 574 



19 753 

38 

19 721 

145 
15 088 

125 
14 456 



19 516 

67 

4 408 



2 917 

659 

7 915 



64 447 

385 

63 292 



13 120 

48 

4 536 



18 899 

472 
12 079 

427 
3 678 

486 
10 976 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 81 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD- Con. 

Total sates (see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. . 

S1.000-. 

Sates of SSO.OOO or more farnis-- 

$1.000.. 

Sfieep, lambs, and wool farms.. 

SI .000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) _ farms-. 

S1.000__ 

Sales of 350.000 or more farms.. 

SI.OOO.. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses _ farms. _ 

$1.000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Livestock and poultry purctiased farms.. 

SI.OOO.. 
Farms wrtti expenses of— 

31 to 34.999 

S5.000 to 324.999 

325,000 to S99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. _ 

$1,000.. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to 34.999 

S5,000 to 324.999 

$25,000 !0 399.999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms.. 



Farms witf) expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to 324,999 

$25,000 to 379.999 

S80.000 or more 

Seeds, tHjIbs, plants, and trees farms. 

31,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

SI to $999 

$1,000 to 34.999 

$5,000 to 324,999 

$25,000 or more __ 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to 324.999 .- _ 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural cttemicals farms. 

31,000. 
Farms wilfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 -- 

$5,000 to 324,999 

325,000 to 349,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

S1.000 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to 324,999. , 

$25,000 to 349,999 _ , 

350,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms, 

SI.OOO 
Diesel fuel farms 

$1,000 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc, farms 

31,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 
851 440 
57 631 



4 759 

1 120 

1 170 

946 



7 955 

1 910 

302 



11 864 

12 300 
8 165 

12 267 
426 
654 



1 717 
94 227 
54 879 



4 420 
144 990 
32 803 



3 371 
1 614 
1 607 



1 289 
31 785 
24 659 



1 381 
46 744 
33 848 



82 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



ling o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) — Con, 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ot $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000- 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000- 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms., 

$1.000., 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 , 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999... , 

$100,000 or more .., 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms., 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$26,000 10 $99.999 

$100,000 or more 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to S4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer. farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999- 

$5 000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals ., farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 -.. 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 10 $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel.. farms 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 045 
39 518 
37 816 



12 874 
352 



515 
43 583 
84 627 



1 362 
146 192 
107 336 



599 

1 770 
556 

2 321 



257 
1 157 

263 
1 874 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 83 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 












Item 


Total 


1 to 9 
acres 


10 to 49 


50 to 69 
acres 


70 to 99 


1 00 to 1 39 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con 

Electricity -- tarms.- 

$1.000.. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 


10 585 
16 592 

7 062 

2 900 
585 

38 

5 958 
81 230 

3 659 
1 610 

569 
120 

1 585 

10 091 

681 
548 
267 
89 

12 077 
46 104 

9 486 

2 361 
179 

51 

5 327 
9 821 

3 075 
1 797 

433 
22 

5 843 
40 272 

3 735 
1 787 

304 
17 

4 037 
28 859 

814 
1 686 

1 308 
229 

2 953 

11 413 

1 224 

1 138 
525 

66 

3 987 
26 726 

2 699 
566 
497 
225 

13 206 
19 804 

12 678 
387 
129 

12 

13 462 
67 978 

11 166 

1 812 

321 

164 


1 224 

2 054 

827 

353 

36 

8 

619 

5 676 

480 

101 

29 

9 

180 
1 009 

80 
66 
26 
10 

1 248 

2 716 

1 124 
113 

8 
3 

293 
212 

246 
41 
6 

613 

2 188 

459 

149 

6 

462 
1 654 

127 

216 

117 

2 

248 
533 

144 
89 
12 
3 

193 
241 

182 
7 
1 
3 

1 483 
1 234 

1 464 
13 
5 
1 

1 490 

6 274 

1 360 
105 
14 

11 


2 651 
2 595 

2 122 
457 

65 

7 

1 238 
10 369 

938 
221 
60 
19 

393 
1 473 

189 
153 

34 
17 

3 395 
6 014 

3 102 

275 

10 

B 

1 114 
755 

963 
133 
17 

1 

1 334 
6 064 

961 

350 

20 

3 

1 116 
5 006 

271 
544 
284 
17 

444 
1 058 

274 
145 
20 

5 

612 
1 486 

601 
3 
4 
4 

3 967 

4 375 

3 880 
50 
34 
3 

3 783 
9 499 

3 587 
156 
24 
16 


911 
607 

765 
133 
13 

382 
1 766 

326 
39 
15 
2 

165 
413 

95 
48 
8 

4 

1 073 
1 874 

962 
110 

1 

469 
342 

354 

111 

4 

380 
1 615 

260 

118 

2 

301 
1 483 

78 

104 

118 

1 

138 
132 

95 
40 
3 

197 
199 

191 
6 

1 198 
1 225 

1 184 
14 

1 141 
1 463 

1 092 
46 
3 


950 
858 

796 

125 

28 

1 

463 
3 521 

355 
78 
26 

4 

148 
427 

86 
36 
25 
1 

1 166 

2 108 

1 085 
68 

1 
1 

438 
522 

264 
158 
16 

364 
1 372 

301 
55 
8 

183 
968 

45 
79 
53 
6 

218 
404 

99 

113 
5 
1 

280 
430 

267 
13 

1 259 
1 650 

1 230 
27 
2 

1 252 

3 687 

1 151 
82 
14 
5 


946 
934 

697 




230 




17 


$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms witti expenses of— 


2 

526 
3 559 

420 




79 




23 




4 


Contract labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


104 
379 

30 




60 




10 




4 


Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms witti expenses of— 


1 046 

2 396 

932 




109 




4 




1 


Customwork, mactiine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 


560 
784 

352 




161 




36 


$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 
$1 to $4 999 


1 

507 
2 669 

356 




141 


$25 000 to $99,999 


S 


$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 


300 
2 004 

59 




12C 




113 


$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 


8 

285 
666 

151 


$1 000 to $4,999 


106 




25 


$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 


3 

308 
887 

266 




41 




11 


$26,000 or more 

Property taxes farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 


1 125 
1 319 

1 118 




6 


$10,000 to $24,999 


1 


$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 


1 184 
4 127 

1 072 




94 


$25,000 to $49,999 


12 


$50,000 or more 


6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



84 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electricity-- farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $999- -. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more -- 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _.. 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - _ 

$5,000 to $24.999 _ 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more _ __ 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _ 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 _ 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 _ 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 - 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1 ,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _. 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more _. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 85 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



introductory texlj 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms number, 

$1 .000. 
Average per farm... _ dollars. 

Farms with net gains^ number. 

Average net gain dollars. 

Gain of- 

Less than $1.000 

$1,000 to S9.999 

$10,000 to $49,999 ._. 

$50,000 or more _ 

Farms with net losses,- number. 

; net loss dollars. 

Loss of— 

Less than $1,000 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49,999- __. 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms.. 

$1,000_. 

Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

sen/ices farms.. 

$1.000,. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms.. 

$1.000_. 
Forest products and Chnstmas trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other farm-related income sources farms.. 

$1,000.. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Corn , farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Wheat farms., 

$1.000.. 
Soybeans farms,. 

$1.000., 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms., 

$1,000.. 

Cotton farms. 

$1,000- 

Peanuts. rye. rice, tobacco, and honey.,, farms. 
$1,000, 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms, 

acres. 

Harvested cropland farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres. 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only. farms. 

acres. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres., 
farms. 
acres,, 

farms., 
acres., 
farms, 
acres.. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

86 MARYLAND 



14 774 

135 200 

9 151 



2 743 

2 212 

976 



1 401 
4 818 
1 530 



2 553 
29 512 

3 397 
14 273 



2 782 

1 163 

2 668 



13 


200 


1 744 


HH1 


11 


m) 


1 346 


913 


6 


844 


1 


774 


1 


BO? 


1 


204 




358 



5 


435 


189 


4BB 


1 


631 


t>-[ 


66B 




840 


17 


156 




?9? 


11 


028 


2 


90? 


128 


660 


7 


949 


42.'f 


K?K 


? 


384 


71 


353 


K 


/S9 


352 


273 



413 

932 

2 291 



1 221 
46 756 

1 083 
30 087 



2 910 

808 
16 435 

234 
2 925 

681 
13 510 



1 381 
4 674 
3 384 



219 

236 

4 487 

840 
24 192 

240 
4 805 

700 
19 387 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms number- 
Si .000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with net gains^ _ number. 

Average net gain ___ dollars- 

Gain of — 

Less tfian $1,000 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number. 

Average net loss dollars. 

Loss of — 

Less than $1.000 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more , 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms. 

$1,000. 

Other farm-related income' farms 

$1,000. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms, 

$1,000 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms. 

$1 --- 
Forest products and Christmas trees farms. 

$1,000 
Other farm-related income sources farms 

$1,000 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 



Total ... 
Corn , 



$1,000.- 
fai 



ms. 



$1,000 
Wheat _ farms- 

$1,000. 
Soybeans.. farms. 

$1,000, 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Cotton farms.. 

$1.000__ 
Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey,., farms. _ 

$1.000.. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms. . 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres-. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres _ 

1.000 to 1.999 acres.-. 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland 

Pasture or grazing only... farms. _ 

acres,. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed ... 
In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland.. 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



farms., 
acres., 
farms. . 
acres., 
farms.. 
acres., 
farms., 
acres.. 

farms., 
acres., 
farms,, 
acres., 
farms., 
acres. . 



1 045 
7 405 
7 087 



97 317 

670 

72 337 



5 470 

415 

22 033 



See footnotes ai end of table 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



1 362 
33 915 
24 901 



556 
5 099 

395 
2 096 



1 345 
352 592 

1 329 
274 994 



2 001 

443 

22 345 



MARYLAND 87 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Pasturetand and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured farms.. 

acres-.. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc. - (arms.. 

acres.. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms.. 

acres.. 

Conservation reserve program farms.. 

acres.. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Average per farm. dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $69.999 

$70,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $149.999.. _ 

$150,000 to $199.999 _ 

$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999... 

$1,000,000 to $1.999,999 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 .__ _. 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT^ 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 ._ 

$5,000 to $9,999 ._ 

$10,000 to $19,999___ 

$20,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99,999 _._. 

$100,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms.. 

number.. 

Wheel tractors farms.. 

number.. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms., 

number., 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 

Gram and bean combines farms. 

number., 
Cottonpickers and strippers farms., 

number.. 
Mower conditioners farms. 

number. 
Pickup balers farms., 

number. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer , farms 

acres on which used 

Lime farms 

acres on which used 
tons 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc., to 
control — 

Insects on hay and other crops farms. 

acres on which used. 

Nematodes in crops farms. 

acres on which used. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 

acres on which used. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms. 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 

acres on which used. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 

5 418 920 

366 788 

2 261 



1 244 

1 116 

1 743 

1 563 



14 


7?8 


657 


693 


1 


3R7 


? 


91fi 


? 


MBS 


■A 


663 


1 


S9/' 



12 207 
24 323 

13 505 
37 672 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 



10 292 

1 135 625 

3 784 

195 677 

225 992 



5 122 

418 327 

662 

45 255 

1 261 

39 094 



1 717 

182 198 

106 114 

23 730 



1 331 

2 150 

1 400 

2 622 
1 093 
1 483 

607 
1 139 



4 420 
661 435 
149 646 

6 038 



3 416 

4 885 
3 960 
7 235 



905 

1 044 

855 

929 



1 289 
253 840 
196 928 

3 391 



1 451 

1 165 

2 765 
897 

1 564 

761 

1 201 



21 735 

323 

5 776 

7 119 



1 381 
321 292 
232 652 

2 792 



1 194 

2 030 
1 286 

3 338 



88 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured farms, 

acres. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc farms- 

acres. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms. 

acres. 
Conservation reserve program farms. 

Value of land and buildings' farms. 

$1,000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 10 $39.999 

$40,000 to $69.999 

$70,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $149.999 

$150,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 10 $499.999 

$600,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999.999 

$2,000,000 to $4.999,999 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 - 

$10,000 to $19.999 _ 

$20,000 to $49.999. 

$50,000 to $99,999.. 

$100,000 to $199.999.. , 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms, 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepoiAier (PTO) farms. 

number. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 

Gram and bean combines farms. 

number. 
Cottonpickers and stnppers farms. 

number- 
Mower conditioners farms., 

number. 
Pickup balers farms. 

number. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

acres on which used. 

Lime farms. 

acres on which used- 
tons. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 
control — 

Insects on hay and other crops farms., 

acres on which used. 

Nematodes in crops farms. 

acres on which used. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 

acres on which used- 
Weeds, grass, or bnjsh in crops and 

pasture farms. 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fnjit farms. 

acres on which used.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6 840 
643 



1 045 
363 347 
347 700 

2 219 



1 684 
1 008 
3 258 



857 

60 806 

376 

13 980 

14 296 



295 809 

389 222 

1 962 



258 380 

501 709 

2 131 



442 

1 017 
493 



589 

422 

1 279 



1 362 
968 374 
710 994 

1 973 



1 267 
3 290 
1 283 
5 247 
805 
1 472 
1 190 
3 775 



17 394 

476 

18 538 



859 224 

1 280 513 

1 915 



636 

2 389 
656 

3 320 
413 
884 
611 



626 
231 041 

339 
38 894 
44 759 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 89 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators _. 
Full owners . 
Pari owners. 
Tenants 



White 

Full owners _ 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races . 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land owned .. 
Owned land i 



Land rented or leased from otfiers . 
Rented or leased land in farms _. 

Land rented or leased to others 



farms., 
acres., 
farms. - 
ac^es__ 

farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres.. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any _ --- 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years _._ 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years _ 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 

acres-. 

Partnership _ farms. 

acres. 
Corporation: 

Family held farms. 

acres- 
More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other than family held _. farms. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc farms. 

acres- 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 776 
9 375 
3 693 



14 344 
9 066 
3 618 
1 660 



13 093 
1 547 491 

13 068 
1 422 869 

5 439 
981 677 

5 401 
973 760 



11 392 
2 380 
1 004 



1 202 
1 279 
5 504 



706 

1 000 

2 306 
8 210 

18,6 

2 554 



1 670 
1 762 
1 459 

1 916 
52,7 



1 606 
22 206 
1 602 
6 755 



1 226 
353 
259 



4 400 

3 354 

642 



4 002 

116 852 

3 996 

92 625 

1 057 
19 873 

1 046 
18 784 



4 036 

102 158 

246 

6 375 



1 176 
74 719 

1 174 
61 117 



14 365 

354 

13 614 



1 271 
906 
266 



366 
19 391 

365 
19 022 



8 013 

27 
2 247 



90 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

|For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators - - 
Full owners _ 
Part ownerb . 
Tenants 



While 

Full owners - 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races . 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
Land owned 

Owned land in farms. __ ._ 



Land rented or leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms ,. 

Land rented or leased to others 



farms,. 
acres,. 
farms, 
acres. 

'arms 
acres 
'arms 
acres 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated _ ___ 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 
None 

Any . 



1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days--. 
200 days or more . 

Not reported 



Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more _ 

Average years on present farm _ 

Not reported 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 



55 to 59 years . 
60 to 64 years . 
65 to 69 years . 
70 years and ov 
Average age _ 



Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms,. 

acres. 

Partnership ___ farms. 

acres.. 
Corporation: 

Family held __. farms.. 

acres. . 

More than 10 stockholders farms.. 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other than family held __ farms., 

acres,. 

More than 10 stockholders farms.. 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust. 

institutional, etc famns.. 

acres. . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



41 568 

398 

41 135 



125 907 

103 

16 327 



600 

100 812 

600 

95 927 



117 346 

76 

15 027 



197 990 

899 

197 482 



245 957 

624 

238 927 

541 

233 576 

540 

232 638 



324 946 

131 

87 650 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 91 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviatic 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 10 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

«0 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

160 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres---, 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1.999 acres. 
2.000 acres or more . 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (011) .- 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) - 

Tobacco (0132) — 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, nee. (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fniits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultrv, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beti cattle, except feedlols (0212) 

l^airy farms (024) -_, 

Poultry and eggs (025) -. 

Animal specialties (027) , 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms- 

number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 9 - 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499- -- — - 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199.- - 

200 to J99- 

500 or more 

f^ilk cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with— 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 - 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

number. 

Catlie and calves sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number 
$1,000. 

Cattle farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Fattened on gram and concentrates farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

See footnotes at end o( table. 



1 838 

4 400 

1 288 

1 271 

1 388 

938 

702 

526 

1 363 

712 



2 006 
1 159 



5 


780 


308 


052 


1 


62? 


2 367 




H03 




KHH 




279 




23 


4 


R?1 


15fl 


917 


a 


185 


48 


454 


, 


690 


1 


334 



5 366 
154 540 
56 718 

2 999 
71 890 
10 447 

4 635 
82 650 
46 271 

1 656 
27 122 
17 484 



167 


967 


2 020 


5 390 


244 


1 119 


5 865 


10 395 


2 096 


4 312 


112 


469 


3 973 


4 924 


1 130 


1 545 


196 


944 


1 892 


5 471 


966 


2 766 


86 


475 


643 


2 301 


3 79 


1 337 



2 357 

403 
2 425 



6 112 

359 

3 947 



488 
5 887 
2 119 



409 
3 649 
1 778 



92 yARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1.000 to 1.999 
acres 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres. 
2.000 acres or more . 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Castl grams (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) _ 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, n.ec (0133, 0134. 0139) .. 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) -_ 

General farms, primarily crop (019) __. 
Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) . 



Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 



LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 10 9 

10 to 49 , 

50 to 99 , 

100 to 199 , 

200 to 499 _ 

500 or more 



Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number.. 



Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199__. 
200 10 499... 
500 or more . 



Farms wth— 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199... 
200 to 499... 
500 or more , 



Heifers and heifer calves farms.. 

number.. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms.. 

number.. 

Cattle and calves sold farms.. 

number.. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 
S1.000. 

Cattle farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Fattened on gram and concentrates farms. 



See footnotes at end of table 



420 

12 955 

263 

4 535 



493 
12 639 

4 430 
313 

5 687 
692 
427 

6 952 
3 738 

115 
1 937 



365 

13 727 
4 819 

240 
6 853 
1 109 

340 



293 
10 486 
3 617 

197 
5 013 

627 

259 
5 473 



28 558 

583 
10 645 



2 217 

674 

20 035 

10 903 



20 098 

274 
7 007 



11 


3Rn 


fi 


?15 




6B 


:i 


2h:) 




31? 




93 


H 


(19/ 


5 


902 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 93 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 — 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 — 

100 to 199_._ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding _ farms. 

number. 
Other farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 



Litters of pigs farrowed between— 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov 30 ... farms., 
number,. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 __ farms.- 

number.. 

June 1 and Nov, 30 farms.. 

number.. 

Sfieep and lambs ot all ages inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms.. 

number,, 
pounds of wool.. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. - 
number_- 

Horses and ponies sold farms.. 

number.. 

Goats inventory farms.. 

number,. 

Goats sold farms-- 

number.. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ._ farms., 
number. . 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9.999 _ 

10.000 to 19.999 ,.- 

20.000 to 49.999 

50.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age _ farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets sold farms, . 

number.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms. . 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms., 

number- 
Turkeys sold farms.. 

number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



765 

27 822 

1 209 

169 392 

1 265 

372 470 
37 032 



21 194 


162 457 


3 287 


26 513 


913 


3 565 


480 


3 249 



1 954 

265 

12 684 



1 349 

8 786 

388 



31 


744 


? 


f,m 




?9 


14 


??1 




60!) 




fifi 


■A 


249 




KO 


1 


S41 




58 


1 


/08 



94 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



UVESTOCK-Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms- 

number_ 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 .-._ - 

25 to 49. _ - 

50 to 99 -- 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 - - 

500 or more - -- 



Used or to be used for breeding farms.. 

number.. 

Other -- -- farms- 
number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

number., 

SI. 000.. 

Feeder pigs farms. . 



Litters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms., 
number.. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms.. 

number., 

June 1 and Nov. 30 _— farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. - 
numbe^_- 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms.. 

number.. 



Sheep and lambs sold - farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms.. 

number., 
pounds of wool.. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Horses and ponies sold farms.. 

number.. 

Goats inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Goats sold farms- 
number.. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms., 
number.. 
Farms with— 

1 to 399 - - 

400 to 3.199 — — 

3.200 to 9,999 

10.000 to 19.999 .__ 

20.000 to 49.999 ._ 

50,000 to 99.999 

100,000 or more 



Hens and pullets of laying age.. farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets sold farms.. 

number.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms. 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59.999 _. 

60,000 to 99.999 

100,000 or more 



Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 349 

20 

51 982 



37 312 

27 

608 050 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 95 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for grain or seed farms. 

acres- 
bushiels- 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres f>arvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Corn for silage or green cfiop farms. 

acres, 
tons, green. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Wfieat for grain farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres - 
Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



1 893 

93 164 

1 222 626 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 



Barley for grain farms. 

acres, 
busfiels. 

Irrigated ^ farms. 

acres. 

Oats for grain farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres - 

Tobacco __^_ farms. 

acres, 
pounds. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

1-0 to 1-9 acres 

2.0 to 2,9 acres 

3.0 to 4.9 acres 

5 to 9.9 acres 

10.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 acres or more 



1 Oil 
13 879 
804 061 



Soybeans for beans farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irrigated -— farms,. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4-9 acres 

5 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 



Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) ,. farms, 
acres. 
tons, dry. 

Irngated farms. 

acres. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



802 

7 435 
505 707 



279 

2 780 

104 613 



448 

2 867 

3 449 119 



505 

8 304 
185 262 



1 625 
17 059 
28 308 



250 

6 983 

161 155 



674 
12 139 
20 624 



245 

4 631 

175 521 



324 
11 137 
237 311 



96 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 



^rn for grain or seed farms. 

bustiels. 

Irrigated (arms- 

acres. 
Farms by acres tiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Com for silage or green chop farms.. 

acres., 
tons, green,. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 10 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Wheat for gram farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley for grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushets.. 

Irrigated (arms.. 

acres.. 

Oats for grain farms.. 

bushels.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

pounds.. 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 
0.1 to 0.9 acres 



1-0 to 1.9 acre 

2 to 2.9 acr« 

3.0 to 4 9 i 

5.0 10 9 9 ■ 

10.0 to 24.9 acres.. 

25.0 acres or more . 



Soybeans for beans farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

26 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



cwt. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres haa-ested: 

0-1 to 4.9 acres .- 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25 to 99 9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250-0 acres or more 



Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms, 
acres, 
tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres- 

See footnotes at end of table. 



495 
15 382 

1 115 110 



296 

15 944 
334 816 



212 

8 219 
98 354 



266 

8 152 
327 528 



266 
17 829 
394 147 



426 
21 244 
47 597 



354 

18 247 

1 354 481 



207 

6 450 

275 381 



493 
31 382 
399 034 



584 

98 567 

7 503 168 



433 

33 331 

1 524 596 



257 

16 026 

1 014 151 



207 

31 772 
1 614 144 



255 

99 567 

2 420 083 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 97 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 



Hay-alfalta, other tame, small gram, 
grass silage, green chop, etc (see text) 
-Con, 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



lid, 



Alfalfa hay farms 

acres 
tons, dry 

Irrigated farms 

acres 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ___ farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated __ _ farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 lo 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24-9 acres 

250 to 999 acres -. 

100-0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more _ 

Sweet corn harvested for sale farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Land in orchards farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by beanng and nonbearing acres: 

1 to 4.9 acres 

5-0 to 24,9 acres _ 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100 to 249.9 acres... _ 

250.0 acres or more 

Apples farms. 

Bearing and nonbearing. .acres, 
pounds. 



3 529 

2 505 

533 



3 049 
83 446 
269 318 



38 238 

418 

19 724 



453 

4 406 

39 315 230 



See footnotes at end of table. 



98 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con. 

Hay-alfalla, other tame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) 
-Con 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres __ 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay farms. 

acres. 

tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ___ farms. . 
acres. . 

Irrigated .- ._ farms.. 

acres. . 
Farms by acres harvested; 

0.1 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 24 9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249,9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Sweet corn harvested for sale farms.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Land in orchards farms. . 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres,. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24 9 acres _ 

25.0 to 99 9 acres 

100.0 to 249 9 acres 

250 acres or more 

Apples farms. - 

Bearing and nonbeanng.. acres., 
pounds. - 



208 
6 616 
21 009 



1 352 

8 

403 



7 141 

2 

(0) 



3 797 
6 

1 123 



'Data are based on a sample of tarms. 

^Farms with total production expenses equal to market value of agricutturai products sold are included as farms with gams of less than Si ,000. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 99 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



$500,000 or more 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number _ 

percent- 
Land in farms acres- 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
i per farm dollars. 



Farms by value of sates: 
Less ttian $1,000 (see text). 

$1,000 to $2.499 

$2,500 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24.999... 
$25,000 to $39,999... 
$40,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 10 $99,999... 
$100,000 to $249,999. 

$250,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 to $999,999. 
$1,000,000 or more... 



Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans,- farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain far 

$1,000. 
Barley 

$1,000. 
Oats 

$1,000. 

other grains far 

$1.000., 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000., 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms., 

$1,000., 



Tobacco 

Sales of $50,000 < 



$1,000. 
,. farms. 
$1,000. 



Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000- 
Sales of $50,000 or more - 

$1,000- 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 



Fruits, nuts, and berries . 
Sales of $50,000 or mi 



$1,000 
.. farms 
$1,000 



Nursery and greenhouse crops fai 

$1,000 
Sales of $50,000 or more fai 

$1,000 

Other crops fai 

$1,000 
Sales of $50,000 or more fai 

$1,000 

Poultry and poultry products fai 

$1,000 
Sales of $50,000 or more fai 

$1,000 



Dairy products 

Sales of $50,000 or r 



$1,000 
,. farms 
$1,000 



Cattle and calves fai 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more fai 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 776 

100.0 

2 396 629 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



74 364 

3 863 
53 661 

2 941 
16 653 

3 648 
48 499 

27 



3 473 
296 
448 



63 669 

169 

59 300 



2 181 
425 871 

1 366 
422 138 

1 476 
187 216 

1 131 
179 001 



101 627 

36 

101 627 

8 
11 683 

8 
11 683 



280 

313 078 

1 118 137 



16 787 

69 

15 107 



2 658 

5 

2 620 

40 594 
38 
(D) 

5 
1 460 

5 
1 460 



25 549 

38 

25 549 



737 
249 596 
338 665 



268 
12 095 

256 
3 301 

346 
10 244 

1 



446 

139 313 

437 



1 569 
252 674 
161 042 



4 404 

566 

12 160 



82 001 

612 

81 591 



1 084 
78 529 
72 444 



10 996 

360 
6 681 

386 
2 385 

366 
6 061 



100 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms --- number. - 

percent-. 

Land in (arms .acres.. 

J size of farm _ .acres.. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Average per (arm dollars.- 



Farms by value of sales: 
Less tfian $1,000 (see text). 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19.999 



$20,000 to $24.999... 
$25,000 to $39,999-.. 
$40,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 10 $99,999... 
$100,000 to $249,999. 

$250,000 to $499,999- 
$500,000 to $999,999- 
$1,000,000 or more... 



357 
3 619 

290 
1 302 



Grains farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000-. 

Corn for grain farms-- 

$1.000.. 
Wheat farms.. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans (arms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain larms- 

$1.000- 
Barley farms- 

$1,000. 
Oats -.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grams _ farms-- 

51,000-- 

Cotlon and cottonseed farms-- 

$1,000.- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Tobacco farms- - 
$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Hay, Silage, and field seeds farms. - 
$1,000-- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms-- 

$1.000.. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. - 
$1.000-- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.- 

$1.000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and bemes farms- 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000- 

Other crops--- farms. 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farmS- 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms.. 

$1,000- 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms. - 
$1.000.. 

Dairy products farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.- 

$1,000- 

Cattle and calves farms.- 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more .-- -- farms.. 

$1,000- 

See footnotes at end of table, 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



427 
9 480 
22 200 



1 585 

107 

223 269 



1 881 
13 262 
7 050 



2 928 


1 510 


449 


324 


1 163 


585 


520 


450 


3 189 


1 655 



1 948 
7 031 
3 609 



MARYLAND 101 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) — Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool. farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm , dollars.. 

Livestock and poultry purctlased farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$26,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms.. 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 10 $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals farms 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 10 $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 
851 440 
57 631 



4 759 

1 120 

1 170 

946 



7 955 

1 910 

302 



12 300 

8 165 

12 267 

426 



280 
250 638 
896 136 



615 

1 863 
536 

2 204 



1 267 

2 752 
1 203 

3 611 



1 185 
74 505 
62 874 



102 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more ._ farms. 

$1,000. 

Srieep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more _ larms. 

$1,000. 

Ottier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 --- -.. 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 10 $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 to $79,999 ___ 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 _. 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more ..- 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _. 

$5,000 to $24,999 , 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 , 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000, 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 __. 

$25,000 to $49,999 - , 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000, 
Diesel fuel farms, 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms, 

$1,000, 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc.- farms 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 625 
24 603 
15 140 



1 832 
15 869 
8 662 



1 528 
802 
913 



877 
1 929 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 103 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con, 

Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 — 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more __. 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 _ 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor. farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 _-_ 

$5,000 to $24.999 '. 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24,999 ,__ 

$25,000 to $49.999. 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 - 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 ___ 

$5,000 to $24,999 .._ 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 _... 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more _ 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 ._ _ 

$5,000 to $9,999 _. 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes (arms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



7 062 

2 900 

585 



3 659 

1 610 

569 



5 


,327 


9 


821 


3 


075 


1 


797 




433 




22 


5 


843 


40 


2/2 


3 


735 


1 


IV,I 




304 




17 


4 


037 


28 


859 



1 224 

1 138 

525 



104 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to 1999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._ 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more _. 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 -. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more .._ 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _ 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms With expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 10 $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _. 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999.- 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes _.. farms. 

$1,000, 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _.. 

$5,000 to $9,999 - 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more .._ 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 .-. _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $49,999 , 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 624 
1 636 



2 020 
1 824 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 105 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



introductory text) 



$500,000 or more 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms number, 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms with net gains^ number.. 

Average net gam dollars.. 

Gain of— 

Less Ifian $1,000 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses ..number,. 

Average net loss ...dollars.. 

Loss of— 

Less than $1,000 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more i. _ 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Forest products and Christmas trees farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other farm-related income sources farms.. 

$1,000.. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Corn __. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wheat farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Cotton farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey farms.. 

$1,000.. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres... 

2,000 acres or more _ _. 



Cropland 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed ... 
In cultivated summer fallow . 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



tarms.. 
acres, 
farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres.. 



acres, 
farms., 
acres, 
farms, 
acres. 



14 774 

135 200 

9 151 



982 
2 743 
2 212 



1 401 
4 818 
1 530 



2 553 
29 512 

3 397 
14 273 



2 782 

1 163 

2 668 



13 200 

1 744 891 

11 960 

1 346 913 

6 844 
1 774 
1 602 
1 204 
358 



5 


435 


189 


466 


1 


631 


hi 


HHH 




840 


17 


156 




■?W 


11 


0?R 


? 


90? 


128 


660 


7 


949 


4^:i 


«?B 


? 


384 


71 


353 


6 


/59 


352 


2/3 



38 665 

39 

33 651 



280 
62 440 
223 001 



157 501 

207 

137 934 



269 648 

545 

231 547 



8 315 

459 

2 537 



424 825 

1 203 

350 722 



3 355 

315 

28 689 

817 

64 128 

216 



937 
219 338 

894 
173 221 



See footnotes at end of table. 



106 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT^ 

All farms number.. 

$1,000-. 
Average per farm ...dollars.. 

Farms with net gains^ number.. 

Average net gain _ -dollars.. 

Gain of - 

Less, than $1,000.. 

$1,000 to $9.9S9 

$10,000 to $49.999 __ 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number.. 

Average net loss dollars.. 

Loss of — 

Less than $1.000_- 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49.999 _ _ 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Governmenl payments farms, , 

$1,000.. 

Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms.. 

$1,000-- 
Forest products and Chnstmas trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other farm-related income sources farms.. 

$1,000-. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms. - 
$1.000- 

Corn farms. 

$1,000. 

Wheat farms- 

$1,000. 

Soybeans _- farms- 

$1,000- 

Sorghum. barley, and oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Cotton farms- 

$1,000. 
Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey... farms. 

$1,000. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres. - 

Harvested cropland farms.- 

acres-. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres _- 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres _.- 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres. 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed ,-. 
In cultivated summer fallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



farms- - 
ac^es-- 
farms,. 
acres-, 
farms- - 



farms., 
acres., 
farms. , 



684 

2 055 

3 004 



437 

217 

9 658 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



2 066 

227 

13 424 



1 625 

-1 522 

-936 



1 506 
147 159 

1 462 
106 137 



951 

47 645 

269 

8 106 

B29 

39 539 



1 832 
-2 914 
-1 591 



265 

850 

332 

1 027 



1 783 

107 579 
1 672 
69 845 



810 

375 

8 226 



9 868 

874 

38 062 



2 021 
-4 780 
-2 365 



1 815 
70 405 

1 664 
40 622 

1 443 
198 
22 



MARYLAND 107 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



ning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



$500,000 or more 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE -Con. 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured farms. _ 

acres.. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc farms.. 

acres.. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs; 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

piograms farms.. 

acres.. 

Conservation reserve program farms.. 

acres.. 

Value of land and buildings^ farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39.999 

$40,000 to $69,999 

$70,000 to $99,999 : 

$100,000 to $149.999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms by value group; 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms.. 

number.. 

Wheel tractors farms.. 

number.. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms.. 

number.. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms.. 

number.. 

Grain and bean combines farms.. 

number.. 
Cottonpickers and stnppers farms.. 

number.. 
Mower conditioners farms.. 

number.. 
Pickup balers farms.. 

number.. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Lime farms.. 

acres on which used., 
tons.. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumlgants. etc., to 
control — 

Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 774 

5 418 920 

366 788 

2 261 



4 632 

1 558 

763 

366 



2 916 

2 968 

3 663 
1 897 



12 207 
24 323 

13 505 
37 672 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 



4 970 

5 638 

5 225 

6 126 



10 292 

1 135 625 

3 784 

195 677 

225 992 



5 122 
418 327 
662 
45 255 
1 261 
39 094 



150 540 

2 120 282 

3 020 



9 


083 




(D) 


438 

1 565 

2 


280 
219 
088 
194 



686 118 

929 604 

2 114 



2 335 
697 

3 017 



1 546 

1 022 122 

661 140 

1 958 



1 479 

3 961 
1 409 
5 879 

867 
1 741 
1 243 

4 136 



12 529 

744 
9 632 



1 185 
595 380 
502 430 

1 939 



1 097 

2 565 
1 123 
4 141 

785 

1 339 
947 

2 802 



170 624 

410 

23 940 

28 054 



108 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con 



(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured larms. 

acres. 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, 

wasteland, etc. farms. 

acres. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs... (arms. 

acres. 

Conservation reserve program (arms. 

acres. 

Value o( land and buildings' farms. 

$1,000. 

Average per farm.. dollars. 

Average per acre _ dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to 539,999 

$40,000 to $69,999 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $149,999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

$2,000,000 10 $4,999,999 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 10 $99,999.,. 

$100,000 to $199.999.. 

$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

fwlolortrucks. including pickups farms, 

number. 

Wheel Iraclors farms. 

number 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 

Gram and bean combines farms- 
number. 

Cottonpickers and strippers farms. 

number. 

Ivlower conditioners farms. 

number. 

Pickup balers farms. 

number. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

acres on which used. 

Lime farms. 

acres on which used, 
tons. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 
control— 

Insects on hay and other crops farms, 

acres on which used. 

Nematodes in crops farms, 

acres on which used. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms,. 

acres on which used- 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms, 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms,. 

acres on which used,. 

See footnotes at end of table 



301 446 

440 711 

2 079 



594 

1 371 
658 

2 297 
490 
877 
580 

1 420 



2 014 

284 

3 495 



466 

177 018 

379 B67 

1 978 



1 625 
525 362 
323 300 

2 393 



1 390 

2 818 
1 516 
4 018 
1 010 
1 901 
1 071 



740 

27 168 

117 

3 515 

188 

1 970 



1 832 
416 145 
227 153 

2 417 



1 546 

2 494 
1 673 
4 345 

1 206 

2 263 

1 144 

2 082 



2 021 
380 505 
188 276 

2 794 



1 458 
1 901 
1 815 
3 755 

1 441 

2 278 
946 

1 477 



1 414 

30 219 

416 

7 150 

8 271 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 109 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbrevia'ions and symbols, see introductory text) 



$500,000 or more 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators _. 
Full owners . 
Part owners, 
Tenants 



White 

Full owners . 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned 

Owned land in farms 



Land rented cr leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 



Land 'enied or li^ased to others. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm; 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days _ 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm; 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more,. 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 yea''S _ 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms., 

acres.. 

Partnership farms. 

acres.. 
Corporation: 

Family held farms., 

acres.. 

f^^ore than 10 stockholders farms., 

iQ or less stockholders farrr.s. 

Other than family held larms.. 

acres. 

More than TO siockholdars farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms^ 

Ot^.er— cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc _ farms. 

acre^. 

See tootno'es at end of table. 



14 776 

9 375 

3 693 

1 708 

14 344 
9 066 

3 618 



13 093 
1 547 491 

13 068 
1 422 869 

5 439 
981 677 

5 401 
973 760 



11 392 
2 380 
1 004 



7 985 
1 202 
1 279 
5 504 



1 000 

2 306 
8 210 





??7 


1 


hl)9 


? 


H09 




/:« 




689 




670 




76? 




4S9 




916 




b2V 


n 


,3S4 


1 


422 



12 738 

1 756 220 

1 323 

359 020 



32 073 

64 

27 716 

31 
22 523 

29 
22 131 



253 
107 250 

253 
100 160 



680 
151 346 

680 
142 885 

402 
181 792 

397 
181 249 



1 333 
248 493 

1 327 
235 834 

908 
286 415 

902 
284 418 



1 219 

365 483 

229 

101 748 



1 076 
492 
385 



160 429 

885 

149 178 

585 
131 622 

585 
131 067 



110 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 

All operators __ 

Full owners _ — 

Part owners _ _ 

Tenants ._ 

White ._ 

Full owners 

Part owners _ 

Tenants __ 

Black and other races _ _ 

Full owners _ 

Part owners - 

Tenants _ _ 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned farms. . 

acres.. 

Owned land in farms farms.. 

acres-- 

Land rented or leased from others farms.. 

acres.. 

Rented or leased land in farms farms.. 

acres.. 

Land rented or leased to others farms.. 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated,- 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days 

100 to 199 days _ 

2O0 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years _ _ 

60 to 64 years ^-- 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 

Male _ 

Female ___ 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole propnetorship) farms.. 

acres.. 

Partnership farms.. 

acres.. 
Corporation: 

Family held farms.. 

acres. - 

f^^ore than 10 stockholders farms.. 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other than family held farms.. 

acres.. 

More than 10 stockholders fatms.. 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc farms.. 

acres.. 
See footnotes at end of table 



638 

103 565 

638 

98 640 



70 186 

412 

70 016 



372 
57 843 

372 
53 588 

203 
25 900 

203 
25 626 



11 129 

13 
3 506 



1 353 
173 211 

1 349 
161 124 



1 813 

1 250 

359 



1 672 
159 766 

1 669 
143 423 



34 982 

586 

34 457 



13 107 

16 
1 034 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 111 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



$500,000 or more 



FARMS BY SIZE 



1 to 9 acres 

10 10 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres - 
2.000 acres or more _ 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Casti grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) - - 

Tobacco (0132) --- --- 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Insh 

potatoes, field crops, except casjl 

grains, n e c (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestocl^ and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 __ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and tieifers ttiat had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

t^^ilk cows. farms. 

number. 

Farms with— 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 _... 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 _. 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms- 
number. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Cattle farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Fattened on grain and concentrates farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4 621 

158 917 

3 185 

48 454 



5 368 
154 540 
56 718 



10 447 
4 635 
82 650 
46 271 
1 656 
27 122 
17 484 



3 329 

9 

1 261 



250 

28 232 

9 252 

198 

15 614 

2 101 

234 

12 618 

7 151 

52 



749 
46 243 
14 951 

622 
25 699 
3 548 

659 
20 544 
11 403 



112 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 10 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres. 
2,000 acres or more . 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Casti grams (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grams (013) 

Cotton (01311 . - 

Tobacco (0132) , 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grams, nee (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) ,_ 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General (arms, primanly livestock and 
animal specialties (029) _ 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 _ 

50 to 99 

100 to 199___ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99_ 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with — 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

SO to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

numtjer. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Cattle farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 
Fattened on grain and concentrates ... farms, 
number. 
$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3 904 

227 
3 498 

294 
7 437 

3 131 



10 221 

462 

9 569 



3 150 


11 595 


1 314 


4 719 


66 


294 


802 


3 536 


134 


796 


120 


560 


2 348 


8 059 


1 181 


3 923 



2 738 

297 

2 020 

1 078 



2 979 

587 

3 388 



2 002 
427 
659 

3 571 
1 655 

274 

1 235 

683 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 113 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987- 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductorv text) 



-Con. 



$500,000 or more 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms. 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 , 

200 to 499 , 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms.. 

number. 
Other farms.. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 
Si. 000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number- 
Si, 000. 

Litters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms, 
number. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms. 

number. 

June 1 and Nov. 30 farms., 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms., 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number.. 
pounds of wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

number. 
Horses and ponies sold farms. 

number.. 
Goats inventory farms., 

number.. 
Goats sold farms., 

number. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms, 
number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9.999 , 

10.000 to 19.999 

20.000 to 49,999 , 

50.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

number. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold... farms- 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1.999 

2,000 to 59.999 

60,000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more , 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms, 

number- 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



27 822 

1 209 
169 392 

1 265 

372 470 

37 032 

375 

94 341 

3 900 



24 599 

589 

15 198 



3 287 
26 513 

913 
3 565 

480 
3 249 

141 
1 227 



354 355 

402 

3 330 041 



10 380 
8 

5 320 
8 

5 060 

1 



135 800 

15 

2 076 330 



106 427 030 



77 323 


41 229 


6 753 


4 095 


41 


35 


27 578 


11 391 


1 018 


535 



44 167 

46 

461 806 



76 583 

48 
211 590 



114 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory te)rt] 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs Inventory __ farms.. 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 _ 

25 to 49 - 

50 to 99 -- 

100 to 199.- — 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used (or breeding (arms.. 

number.. 
Other farms.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. . 

number. - 
$1.000.. 

Feeder pigs farms.. 

number,, 
$1.000.. 

Litters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ,., farms., 
number.. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms.. 

number, - 

June 1 and Nov. 30 farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms.. 

number. - 

Sfieep and lambs sold farms. . 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms.. 

number.. 
pounds of wooL- 

Horses and ponies inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Horses and ponies sold _. farms. . 

number.. 
Goats inventory farms. . 

number. . 
Goats sold farms.. 

number.. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms. . 
number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3,200 to 9.999 — .. 

10.000 to 19,999 _ 

20.000 to 49.999 

50.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets sold _ farms. - 

number.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms. . 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1.999 

2.000 to 59,999 _ 

60.000 to 99,999 _ 

100.000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms,. 

number.. 
Turkeys sold farms.. 

number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6 774 


12 373 


655 


964 


20 


55 


1 928 


6 378 


85 


266 



20 160 

6 

25 360 



1 392 

37 

22 286 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 115 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



$500,000 or more 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for grain or seed farms. 

bushels. 

Irngated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres __- 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Corn for silage or green chop farms.. 

acres, 
tons, green.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Wheat for grain farms. 

acres., 
bushels- 

Irrigaled farms. 

acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley for gram farms. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres.. 

Oats for grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

acres., 
pounds.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 0-9 acres 

1-0 to 1.9 acres 

2 to 2.9 acres 

3-0 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 9 9 acres 

10.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 acres or more 



5 608 

432 409 

31 941 714 



1 893 

93 164 

1 222 626 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 



1 541 

59 268 

3 707 134 



1 Oil 
13 879 
804 061 



1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 



Soybeans for beans farms- 
acres, 
bushels. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 



5 to 24-9 acres 

25 to 99.9 acres... 
100 to 249.9 acres. 
250.0 acres or more _ 



Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms, 
acres- 
tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms, 

acres. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



256 

25 594 

1 282 604 



348 

75 603 

1 918 718 



84 060 
(D) 



853 

122 778 

9 380 179 



394 

16 364 

1 031 184 



588 
56 807 
036 149 



395 
20 722 
961 352 



237 

7 683 

474 318 



373 
51 999 
183 192 



532 
29 956 
73 821 



116 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



{For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn (or gram or seed __- (arms 

acres 
bushels 

Irrigated _ farms 

acres 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

acres- 
tons, green. 



Farms by acres harvested: 


acres.. 




1 00 to 249 acres . . . 












acres., 
bushels. _ 


acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 






250 to 499 acres 










acres. - 
bushels.. 




acres.. 




acres., 
bushels. - 








acres. . 
pounds.. 


Farms by acres haruested: 
1 to 09 acres -.- 


acres.. 


1 to 19 acres .__. 




3.0 to 4.9 acres 




10.0 to 24 9 acres-- 


25.0 acres or more - - 


Soybeans tor beans 


farms.. 

bushels.. 


Farms by acres harvested: 


acres.. 




100 to 249 acres-- 




500 acres or more 








acres.. 
cwt._ 


acres.. 

Farms by acres harvested: 


5 lo 24.9 acres 


25 to 99 9 acres-- 


100 to 249.9 acres 


250.0 acres or more - 



299 
12 907 
550 217 



Hay — alfalla, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms- 
acres- 
tons. dry- 
Irrigated farms- 

acres- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



334 
34 814 
727 253 



332 
14 395 
31 464 



475 
12 071 
502 789 



525 
32 590 
633 042 



346 

6 734 

256 453 



456 
17 990 
339 150 



286 

976 

974 931 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 117 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text] 







S500,000 


or more 










Item 




















SI .000.000 




$250,000 to 


$100,000 to 


$50,000 to 


$40,000 to 




All farms 


or more 


Total 


$499,999 


S249.999 


$99,999 


$49,999 


CROPS HARVESTED-Con 
















Hay — alfalfa, offier tame, small gram, wild. 
















grass silage, green cfiop. etc. (see text) 
















-Con 
















Farms by acres harvested: 
















1 to 24 acres 


3 529 


3 


19 


38 


89 


127 


67 


25 to 99 acres 


2 505 


3 


16 


72 


469 


330 


85 


100 to 249 acres 


533 
47 


3 
2 


19 

12 


117 
21 


185 

11 


73 
2 


14 


250 to 499 acres 


- 


500 acres or more 


5 


2 


4 




- 


- 


- 


Alfalfa hay farms.. 


3 049 


7 


46 


187 


585 


353 


89 


acres-- 


83 446 


825 


4 216 


12 307 


24 991 


10 586 


2 331 


tons. dry__ 


269 318 


2 147 


15 732 


49 502 


89 474 


35 312 


7 285 


Irrigated farms-. 


32 




1 


5 


5 


3 


4 


acres-- 


818 


- 


(D) 


(D) 


92 


23 


78 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms.- 


1 184 


6 


35 


66 


116 


111 


44 


acres.. 


38 238 


3 320 


8 821 


7 253 


10 311 


4 477 


854 


Irrigated farms.. 


418 


4 


26 


44 


67 


57 


22 


acres.. 


19 724 


531 


5 243 


4 918 


5 131 


2 250 


288 


Farms by acres harvested; 
















1 to 4 9 acres 


502 


1 


3 


7 


15 


24 


12 


5.0 10 24.9 acres 


391 


1 


2 


12 


23 


30 


19 


25,0 to 99,9 acres 


192 


- 


9 


22 


40 


42 


13 


100.0 to 249.9 acres 


72 


1 


10 


18 


29 


15 


- 


250.0 acres or more 


27 


3 


11 


7 


9 


- 


- 


Sweet com harvested for sale farms.. 


753 


3 


16 


34 


67 


76 


28 


acres.. 


12 555 


537 


1 853 


2 026 


3 786 


1 519 


330 


Imgated farms.. 


194 


2 


12 


24 


30 


27 


6 


acres. - 


6 176 


(D) 


1 270 


1 617 


1 931 


590 


62 


Land in orchards farms.. 


617 


1 


7 


10 


30 


23 


9 




7 997 


(D) 


2 413 


941 


1 455 


527 


102 


Irrigated farms.. 


68 




3 


2 


9 


6 


1 


acres.. 


1 222 


- 


372 


(D) 


389 


143 


(D) 


Farms by beanng and nonbearing acres: 
















0.1 to 4.9 acres 


422 


- 


- 


1 


11 


10 


5 


5.0 to 24.9 acres 


141 


1 


2 


4 


4 


4 


2 


25.0 to 99.9 acres . 


39 


_ 


1 


2 


8 


8 


2 


100.0 to 249.9 acres 


10 


_ 


_ 


2 


7 


1 


- 


250.0 acres or more 


5 


_ 


4 


1 


_ 


- 


- 


Apples farms.. 


453 




6 


10 


24 


18 


6 


Bearing and nonbearing.. acres.. 


4 406 


- 


1 491 


563 


1 031 


287 


33 


pounds.. 


39 315 230 


- 


11 953 461 


5 889 192 


13 276 506 


2 819 189 


206 000 



See footnotes at end of table. 



118 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols 



introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED-Con 

Hay— altalfa, other lame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc, (see text) 
-Con. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres .-. 

100 to 249 acres -- 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more._ 

Alfalfa hay farms.. 

acres.. 
tons, dry.. 

Irrigated farms., 

acres. _ 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) _._ farms. - 
ac^es-- 

Imgaled farms., 

acres. . 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 24 9 acres -.. 

25 to 99 9 acres _ 

100.0 to 249,9 acres 

250.0 acres or more _ 

Sweet corn harvested for sale farms.. 

acres.. 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 

Land in orchards farms. . 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres _ 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Apples farms.. 

Bearing and nonbearing.. acres., 
pounds.. 



367 
6 959 
16 433 



203 

372 

341 436 



1 gams of less than $1,000 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 119 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 



(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text] 



Field crops, except casti grains (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Insh potatoes; 

■ crops, except 

is<i grains, n.ec. 

33, 0134. 0139) 



field 
casti 
(01 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number., 

percent.. 

Land in (arms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) (arms., 

$1,000. 
Average per farm ..dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 , 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 _ , 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24,999 ... 
$25,000 to $39,999... 
$40,000 to $49.999... 
$50,000 to 599.999... 
$100,000 to $249,999. 

$250,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 to $999,999. 
$1,000,000 or more... 



Grains farms. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms., 

$1,000. 

Corn tor grain farms.. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorgtium for grain farms., 

$1,000.. 
Barley farms., 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Ottier grains farms. 

$1,000, 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms., 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000- 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

$1,000. 
Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 



Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000, 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves (arms 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more (arms, 

$1,000, 

See footnotes at end of table. 



14 776 
989 061 
66 937 



2 122 
2 043 
1 948 
1 881 
1 585 

427 

781 

319 

1 084 

1 569 



53 661 

2 941 
16 653 

3 648 
48 499 

27 



8 473 

36 

6 531 



1 476 
187 216 

1 131 
179 001 



3 081 

209 

917 703 



3 081 
96 465 
31 309 



3 055 

83 980 

399 

55 791 

2 190 
38 498 

1 423 
10 607 



2 831 

16 

1 801 



2 344 

9 

2 004 



1 159 
15 735 
13 577 



2 366 

13 

1 269 



120 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms, 

pnmarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number.. 

percent-. 

Land in farms acres.. 

) of farm acres.. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) .._ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text). _ 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$6,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24,999... 
$25,000 to $39,999... 
$40,000 to $49.999... 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 to $249,999. 

$250,000 to 3499.999. 
$500,000 to $999,999. 
$1,000,000 or more... 



Grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. . 

$1,000-. 

Corn for gram farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Wheat... farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1.000., 

Sorgfium for grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Barley (arms., 

$1.000.. 
Oats farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other grains farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000, 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms, 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms, 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000- 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. . 

$1,000-- 

Vegelables, sweet corn, and melons farms., 

$1,000-, 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms,, 

$1.000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms . 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms.. 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Other crops farms 

$1,000 

Sates of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000 

Poultry and poultry products farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms- 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more _,, farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms . 

$1,000-- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1.000,, 

See footnotes at end of table. 



483 
64 044 
132 597 



62 913 

163 

58 799 



3 541 

24.0 

382 672 



3 541 
71 552 
20 207 



2 243 
356 
890 



I 787 

12.1 

190 630 



1 787 
IB 486 
10 345 



1 340 
210 575 
157 146 



1 751 
266 

2 580 



1 338 
181 524 

1 093 
174 557 



370 
5 099 

232 
1 769 



3 014 

16 

2 176 



420 581 

1 342 

417 595 



1 225 
27 671 
22 589 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 121 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Field crops, except cash grains {01 3) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Inshi potatoes, 

"'"' crops, except 

1 grains, ne.c 

I. 0134. 0139) 



cash 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD- Con 

Total sales {see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.- 

Sheep. lambs, and wool farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

{see text) farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $60,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms.. 

$1.000_. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms.. 

$1,000.- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 .-. 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. - 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

S25.000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms With expenses of— 

$1 to $999 , 

$1,000 to $4.999 , 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer __ farms.. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 _ 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49,999 _ _ 

$50,000 or more 

Aghcultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 -- 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 _. 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

S5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$60,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc. farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

122 MARYLAND 



14 774 
851 440 
57 631 



12 300 
8 165 
12 267 



1 542 

1 050 

355 



2 566 
2 693 

2 261 

3 776 



1 940 
20 287 
10 457 



1 040 
888 

1 020 



550 
18 832 
34 240 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- STATE DATA 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory ie«l| 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 
Hogs and pigs ^farms.- 

Sales ol $50,000 or more farms-. 

$1,000. _ 

Sheep, lambs, and wool - larms.. 

$1,000.- 

Sales ot $50,000 or more larms. . 

$1,000-- 

Other livestock and livestrKk products 

(see text) larms.. 

$1,000-. 

Sales of $50,000 or more - farms-. 

$1,000-. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 



Average per farm dollars-- 

Livestock and poulti-y purchased farms. . 

$1,000.- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 10 $24,999 - --- 

$25,000 to $99,999 --- 

$100,000 or more - --■ 



Feed for livestock and poultry farms-. 

$1,000-. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 - 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$26,000 to $99.999. — 

$100,000 or more 



Commercially mixed formula feeds . 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999- 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees --- farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

SI 000 to $4,999 - - - - 

$5,000 to $24,999 - 

$25,000 or more -- --- 



Commercial fertilizer - farms-- 

$1,000- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 - 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more - -- 



Aqricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000- 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 - -- 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more - - - 



Petroleum products- -- - farms- 

$1,000- 
Farms with expenses of— 



$5,000 to $24,999 .. 
$25,000 to $49,999. 
$50,000 or more ... 



Gasoline and gasohol farms-. 

$1,000- 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas — - --- tarms- 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc larms. 

$1,000- 

See footnotes at end of table 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General farms. 

pnmaniy crop 

(019) 



504 
48 051 
95 339 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



3 615 
68 143 
18 850 



2 887 
1 725 
1 626 



1 726 
21 072 
12 209 



1 265 

153 015 
120 960 



11 414 
484 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(0251 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



136 1 



MARYLAND 123 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see infroductory text] 



Field crops, except casti grains (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irisli potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cast! grains, n.e.c. 

(0133, 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con, 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electncity farms.. 

$1,000__ 
harms witfi expenses of— 

S1 to S999 

S1,000 to S4.999 - 

55,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 or more --- 

Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999- — 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire and rental of 

macfiinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

SI to $999. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$6,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999. 

5100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,9a9 .- 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999. 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

510,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to 324,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses. farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Farms with expenses of - 

51 to $4,999 

55,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or mere 

See footnotes at end of table. 

124 MARYLAND 



3 659 

1 610 

569 



5 327 
9 821 


1 406 

2 821 


3 075 

1 797 

433 

22 


716 

570 

112 

8 


5 843 
40 272 


1 248 
7 767 


3 735 

1 787 

304 

17 


897 

287 

61 

3 


4 037 
28 859 


725 
4 755 


814 
1 686 
1 308 

229 


160 
353 
173 
39 


2 953 
11 413 


804 
3 013 


1 224 

1 138 
525 
66 


333 
324 
132 
15 


3 987 
26 726 


1 201 
10 705 


2 699 
566 
497 
225 


720 
205 
166 
110 


13 206 
19 804 


2 676 
4 224 



2 238 
1 479 



1 887 
1 634 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



ling ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General (arms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beet cattle. 

except teedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses— Con. 

Electncity farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 10 $49.999-..- 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork. mactiine fiire. and rental of 

mactlinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 10 $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99,999 _ 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999-- 

$1,000 to $4,999 — 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ _ 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms With expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _.. 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more __. 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 10 $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more .-_- _. 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2 126 
1 449 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 125 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Sugarcane 
and sugar beets; 
Insh potatoes; 
"'"■ crops, except 
isii grams, n e.c. 
133. 0134, 0139) 



cash 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms. _ number. . 

$1,000.. 

Average per farm .dollars.. 

Farms with net gains' number.. 

Average net gain dollars.- 

Gain of- 

Less than $1.000.-. 

$1,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number,. 

Average net loss dollars.. 

Loss of— 

Less than $1.000 _. 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49.999- , 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms.. 

$1,000- 

Other farm-related income^ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Customwork and other agricultural 

services farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Gross cash rent or share payments farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Forest products and Christmas trees farms.. 

$1,000-. 

Other farm-related income sources farms.. 

$1,000.. 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 



Wheat fai 



Soybeans. 



$1,000. 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Cotton farms, 

$1,000. 
Peanuts, rye, nee. tobacco, and honey. . 

$1.000.. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland farms,. 

acres-. 

Harvested cropland farms- 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres -- 

500 to 999 acres -- 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres, 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 

farms. 

acres. 



and not pastured , 
On which all crops failed ... 
In cultivated summer tallow. 
Idle 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



farms - 
acres- 
larms. 
acres - 
farms- 
acres. 

farms - 
acres, 
farms. 
acres- 
farms- 



982 

2 743 

2 212 

976 



1 401 
4 818 
1 530 



? 


5sn 


?9 


S1? 


n 


397 


14 


273 


1 


319 


5 


380 


1 


1?3 


3 444 




W.V 


? 


7R? 


1 


163 



13 200 
744 891 

11 960 
346 913 



1 602 

1 204 

358 



11 028 

2 902 

128 660 



423 626 
2 384 
71 353 
6 759 

352 273 



3 172 
-5 232 
-1 649 



544 


331 


14 023 


10 244 


511 


319 


12 702 


9 470 



3 081 
747 298 

3 081 
626 351 



4 351 
1 018 
67 717 



13 957 

1 463 

107 699 



829 
429 

1 532 



2 006 

107 594 

2 006 

70 297 



317 


116 


4 948 


2 596 


80 


69 


690 


1 699 


34 


19 


562 


888 


348 


179 


7 976 


4 178 



820 

237 

9 262 



See footnotes at end of table. 



126 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text) 



Horticultural 

specialties 

1018) 



General farms, 

pnmarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle, 

ixcept feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 

All farms number. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms witfi net gains^ number. 

Average net gain dollars. 

Gam of — 

Less ttian $1,000_ 

S1.000 to $9,999 .._ 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Farms with net losses number. 

Average net loss dollars. 

Loss of — 

Less ttian $1.000 

$1,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Government payments farms 

$1,000 

Otfier farm-related income' farms 

$1,000 
Customwork and otfier agricultural 

services farms 

$1,000 

Gross casfi rent or share payments farms 

$1,000 

Forest products and Chnstmas trees farms 

$1,000 

Other farm-related income sources farms 

$1,000 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 

Total farms. 

$1,000 
Corn farms 

$1,000 
Wheat farms 

$1,000 
Soybeans farms 

$1,000 

Sorghum, barley, and oats farms 

$1,000 

Cotton farms. 

$1,000., 

Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey... farms. 
$1,000. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 

Total cropland. farms. 

acres. 

Harvested cropland farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres , 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres , 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2.000 acres or more 



Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only farms. 

acres 
In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow . 
Idle 



Total woodland. 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured , 



farms 
acres, 
farms 
acres 
farms 
acres 
farms 
acres. 

farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres. 



504 
22 055 
43 759 



530 
-1 526 

-2 879 



3 615 
5 030 
1 391 



396 
2 317 

740 
1 820 



224 595 

2 576 

130 563 

1 830 
440 
203 



2 136 
100 660 
992 
24 491 
1 659 
76 169 



1 726 
-1 779 

-1 031 



1 265 
61 284 
40 541 



320 

3 292 

437 

1 513 



1 308 
337 758 

1 286 
272 775 



1 729 

191 

10 742 

817 
45 388 

323 
12 118 

708 
33 270 



1 479 
53 043 
35 864 



135 563 

705 

115 744 



3 990 

48 

1 397 

15 

442 

253 

10 856 

661 

43 679 

83 

3 025 

608 

40 654 



1 627 

511 

12 198 

180 

2 331 
408 

9 867 



See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 127 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con 



[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grams (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.e c 

(0133, 0134, 0139) 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE -Con. 

Pastureland and rangeland other than 

cropland and woodland pastured (arms.. 

acres.- 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads, 

wasteland, elc (arms.. 

acres.. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs farms.. 

acres.. 

Conservation reserve program farms., 

acres.. 

Value of land and buildings' farms.. 

$1.000._ 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to S39.999 

$40,000 to $69,999 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to S149.999 

$150,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to S1.999.999 

$2,000,000 to S4.999.999 .— 

$5,000,000 or more.. 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all machinery 

and equipment farms.. 

S1,000_. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $49.999... 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $199,999 

$200,000 to $499,999 ._ 

S500.000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. . 

number.. 

Wheel tractors farms.. 

number.. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) (arms.. 

number.. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms.. 

number.. 

Grain and bean combines farms.. 

number.. 
Cottonpickers and strippers farms.. 

number.. 
Mower conditioners (arms.. 

number_- 
Pickup balers farms.. 

number.. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Lime farms.. 

acres on which used., 
tons.. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to 
controt— 

Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Diseases in crops and orchards _.. farms.. 

acres on which used.. 
Weeds. grass, or brush in aops and 

pasture (arms.. 

acres on which used.. 

Chemicals (or defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms.. 

acres on which used.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

128 MARYLAND 



14 774 

418 920 

366 788 

2 261 



1 746 
1 244 
1 116 
1 743 
1 563 



1 357 

2 916 

2 968 

3 663 
1 897 



12 207 
24 323 

13 505 
37 672 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 



4 970 

5 638 

5 225 

6 126 



10 292 

1 135 625 

3 784 

195 677 

225 992 



5 122 
418 327 
662 
45 255 
1 261 
39 094 



2 602 
6 400 

2 938 
B 942 

1 888 

3 337 

2 285 
5 605 



? 


80? 


557 


480 




956 


HO 


IKS 


89 


398 


1 


460 


213 


374 




226 


?fi 


B40 




255 


12 


/92 


? 


300 


477 


810 




113 


16 


703 



462 518 

238 411 

2 831 



1 580 

2 640 
1 767 
4 589 

1 330 

2 584 

1 015 

2 005 

301 



1 051 
161 600 
153 758 

2 572 



1 495 
943 

2 500 



300 918 

338 490 

2 992 



915 

318 
3 021 



162 874 

296 135 

2 345 



442 
1 081 
510 
1 533 
437 
818 
272 
715 



2 250 

206 

9 109 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General farms. 

primanly crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Pasturetand and rangeland other ttian 

cropland and woodland pastured farms. 

acres. 
Land in fiouse lots, ponds, roads. 

wasteland, etc. farms. 

acres. 
Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 

programs - farms. 

acres. 
Conservation reserve program farms- 

Value of land and buildings^ -_- --. farms. 

S 1.000. 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Farms by value aroup: 

$1 to 539,999" 

$40,000 to $69,999 

$70,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $149.999 

$150,000 to $199,999 

S200.000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 

$2,000,000 to S4.999.999 

$5,000,000 or more 

VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 

Estimated market value of all macfimery 

and equipment , farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms by value group; 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999.. 

$20,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $199.999 

$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 or more 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms 

number 

Wfieel tractors farms 

number 

Less tfian 40 tiorsepower (PTO) farms 

number. 

40 florsepower (PTO) or more farms 

number 

Grain and bean combines farms. 

number. 
Cononpickers and strippers farms. 

number. 
Mower conditioners farms., 

number.. 
Pickup balers farms., 

number.. 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

acres on wfiich used. 

Lime farms. 

acres on wtiicfi used., 
tons.. 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to 
control — 

Insects on fiay and otiier crops farms. 

acres on wtiicft used. 

Nematodes in crops farms. 

acres on wfiicfi used. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 

acres on which used. 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms. 

acres on which used. 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 

acres on which used. 

See footnotes at end of table 



177 792 

352 762 

4 489 



446 
1 338 
459 
1 397 
358 
732 
245 



3 615 
928 633 
256 883 

2 392 



399 

1 031 

634 



104 200 

876 

25 172 

31 268 



1 726 

460 230 
266 645 

2 524 



1 354 

1 933 

1 630 

3 713 

1 163 

1 836 

1 051 

1 877 



935 
37 449 

424 
11 970 
16 409 



1 265 
793 991 
627 661 

2 025 



720 
71 156 
98 
7 476 
15 
739 



1 398 
3 060 
1 306 
3 620 
927 

1 470 
915 

2 150 



320 993 

268 613 

4 523 



882 
1 296 
1 033 
1 664 

835 
1 067 

409 

597 



7 403 

204 

3 827 

3 773 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 129 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Sugarcane 
and sugar beets; 
Irish potatoes; 
crops, except 
" grains, n - - 



field 
cash 



(0133. 0134." 0139) 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators ., 
Full owners _ 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



White 

Full owners . 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races , 

Full owners 

Pan owners... 

Tenants 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned - 

Owned land in farms 



Land rented or leased from others . 

Rented or leased land in farms .. 

Land rented or leased to others 



acres., 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres., 
farms, 
acres- 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 

Not on farm 
Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days , 

100 to 199 days , 

200 days or more 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years.. 

25 to 34 years _ 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years , 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over _ 

Average age _ 

Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 

acres. 

Partnership farms. 

acres. 
Corporation: 

Family held _ farms. 

acres. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other than family held farms. 

acres. 

More than 10 stockholders farms. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 
institutional, etc farms. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

130 MARYLAND 



14 776 
9 375 
3 693 
1 708 

14 344 
9 066 
3 618 
1 660 



13 093 

1 547 491 

13 068 

1 422 869 

5 439 

981 677 

5 401 

973 760 



11 392 
2 380 
1 004 



5 766 
7 985 
1 202 
1 279 
5 504 
1 025 



1 000 

2 306 
8 210 



227 


1 509 


2 809 


1 735 


1 689 


1 670 


1 762 


1 459 


1 916 


52,7 


13 354 


1 422 



12 738 

1 756 220 

1 323 

359 020 



2 993 

1 519 

970 



1 513 
476 560 

1 512 
475 366 



1 172 

1 655 

246 

291 

1 118 

254 



420 

1 795 

20.5 



2 006 

1 322 

409 



1 204 
386 
252 



149 367 

1 731 

138 998 

689 
43 955 

684 
43 225 



287 

1 050 

20.1 



945 
68 309 

945 
64 680 

452 
21 160 

448 
20 704 



237 
22 795 

236 
22 521 



74 915 

67 

10 220 



235 
27 067 

235 
25 804 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con 



Table 53, 

[For meaning o! abbreviations and symbols, see introductory texl] 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 



All operators.. 
Full owners _ 
Part owners - 
Tenants 



White 

Full owners - 
Part owners. 
Tenants 



Black and other races . 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land owned - 
Owned land 



farms 

Land rented or leased from others - 

Rented or leased land in farms _. 

Land rented or leased to others — 



farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 

Any 

1 to 99 days ...- 

100 to 199 days -- 

200 days or more 



Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm . 



Not reported . 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 



55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over , 
Average age 



Operators by sex: 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms.. 

acres.. 

Partnership farms.. 

acres. - 
Corporation: 

Family held farms.. 

acres.. 

More than 10 stockholders farms,. 

10 or less stockholders farms.. 

Other than family held farms.. 

acres.. 

More than 10 stockholders farms.. 

10 or less stockholders farms. 

Other -cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc farms. 

acres. 

See footnotes at end of table 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



419 
28 096 

419 
25 320 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



61 779 

576 

58 333 



66 020 
38 

15 220 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



3 303 

332 800 

3 300 

298 610 

978 

85 401 

967 

84 062 



1 102 

2 244 
264 
334 

1 646 
195 



4?S 


202 


398 


203 


400 


182 


423 


241 


414 


235 


"174 


359 


54,5 


56-6 



181 063 

1 690 

161 842 

407 

29 345 

402 

28 788 



1 034 

222 561 

1 028 

215 640 

963 

207 824 

960 

206 279 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



MARYLAND 131 



Table 53. Summary by Standard industrial Ciassification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning oi abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



{01 



Sugarcane 
and sugar beets; 
Irish potatoes; 
eld crops, except 
'=ish grams, n e c. 
133. 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres. 
2.000 acres or more . 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Ihsh 
potatoes; (ield crops, except cash 
grains, n.ec (0133. 0134, 0139) — 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) _-- 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms- 
number. 
Farms with— 

1 to 9 .- 

10 to 49 

SO to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number- 
Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 _ 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

f^ilk cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with — 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms- 
number. 
$1,000. 

Calves farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Cattle farms 

number. 
$1,000. 

Fattened on gram and concentrates farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 838 

4 400 

1 288 

1 271 

1 388 

938 

702 

526 

1 363 

712 

284 



1 340 
1 642 
1 225 



1 622 

2 367 
803 
686 
279 

23 

4 621 
158 917 

3 185 
48 454 



255 
2 225 

243 
2 176 



463 




1 


_ 


576 




5 


- 


283 




? 


- 


55 




_ 


- 


5 




- 


- 


4 003 




321 


210 


98 532 


4 


689 


1 384 


4 276 




418 


274 


50 603 


5 


143 


1 585 


5 368 




450 


244 


54 540 


7 


407 


1 762 


56 718 


3 


OHH 


589 


2 999 




m/ 


119 


71 890 


2 


531 


723 


10 447 




4ns 


124 


4 635 




.16? 


193 


82 650 


4 


878 


1 039 


46 271 


2 


68? 


465 


1 656 




171 


93 


27 122 


2 


?4? 


448 


17 484 


1 


359 


226 



132 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



Table 53. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlroduclory I9>tl 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres — 
220 to 259 acres — 
260 to 499 acres — 
500 to 999 acres. -- 
1 .000 to 1 ,999 acres 
2.000 acres or more 



FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



Cash grains (Oil) --- 

Field crops, except cash grains (013). 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e c. (0133. 0134, 0139) - 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) .-. 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General (arms, primarily crop (019).-- 
Livestock. except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beet cattle, except feedlots (0212) . 



Dairy (arms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General (arms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 



LIVESTOCK 



Farms with — 

1 to 9 -- 

10 10 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199-.. 
200 to 499 — 
500 or more . 



Cows and heifers that had calved farms.. 

number.. 

Beef cows farms.. 

number- 



Farms with — 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199--. 
200 to 499--. 
500 or more . 



Farms with— 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199-- 
200 to 499--. 
500 or more . 



Heifers and heifer calves farms- 

number- 
Steers. steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 'a^s- 



Cattle and calves sold farms- 

number. 
$1,000- 

Calves 'a™s- 

number. 
$1,000- 

Cattle - 'a™s- 

number. 

$1,000- 

Fattened on grain and concentrates.-- farms- 



See footnotes at end of table 



General farms, 

pnmarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



2 201 
34 765 

2 078 
33 408 



149 


1 860 


1 695 


22 047 


179 


2 298 


2 087 


30 863 


156 


2 902 


2 722 


61 431 


1 253 


30 889 


68 


1 249 


835 


IB 733 


216 


6 519 


130 


2 537 


1 887 


42 698 


1 037 


25 37C 


62 


1 115 


819 


20 155 


515 


13 496 



1 379 
22 821 

1 320 
22 037 



1 702 
37 387 
16 165 
978 
16 647 
5 015 
1 405 
20 740 



7 839 

1 334 
73 986 
17 817 

1 221 
46 763 

3 759 

1 177 

27 223 

14 058 

112 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms. 

pnmarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 133 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory lext] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, nee 

(0133, 0134, 0139) 



LIVESTOCK -Con 

Hogs and pigs inventory __ farms.. 

number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 - 

25 to 49_ 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499— 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms.. 

number,. 
Other farms.- 

n umber.. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

number.. 
$1.000.. 

Feeder pigs , farms. . 

number.. 
$1,000.. 

Litters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov, 30 ... farms., 
number.. 

Dec. 1 and fvlay 31 farms., 

number.. 

June 1 and Nov. 30 farms., 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. . 

number.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. . 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms.. 

number., 
pounds of wool.. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms.. 

number. . 
Horses and ponies sold _._ _ farms.. 

number,. 
Goats inventory farms, _ 

number.. 
Goats sold farms, - 

number.. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ._ farms., 
number.. 
Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3.200 to 9,999 

10,000 to 19.999 

20,000 to 49.999 

50,000 to 99,999 _ 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets sold farms,. 

number.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold farms.. 

number.. 
Farms with— 

1 to 1,999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms.. 

number,. 
Turkeys sold farms.. 

number.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



27 822 

1 209 

169 392 

1 265 
372 470 
37 032 
375 
94 341 
3 900 



3 565 

480 

3 249 



1 102 

8 

1 846 



134 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con 



[For meaning ol abbreviations anri symbols, see inlroduclory lext| 



Horlicullural 

specialties 

(018) 



LIVESTOCK-Con 

Hoqs and pigs inventory farms. 

number 
Farms with — 

1 to 24 - 

25 to 49 - 

50 10 99 - - 

100 to 199 - 

200 to 499 

500 or more - 

Used or to be used lor breeding farms-- 

number.. 

Other farms.. 

number. - 

Hoqs and pigs sold larms.. 

" number.. 

$1.000.. 

Feeder pigs farms.. 

number.. 
$1.000.. 

Litlers of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms., 
number.. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms.. 

number.. 

June 1 and Nov 30 farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. . 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms.. 

number., 
pounds of wool.. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. - 
numbe^.- 

Horses and ponies sold farms.. 

number.. 

Goats inventorv farms.. 

number.. 

Goats sold farms.. 

number.. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory _. farms. 



Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3.20Q to 9,999 — . 
10.000 10 19.999. 
20.000 10 49.999 . 
50.000 to 99.999 . 
100.000 or more . 



Hens and pullets of laying age.. farms.. 

number.. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of laying 
age farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets sold farms.. 

number.. 



Farms with— 

1 to 1.999 

2.000 to 59.999 .. 
60.000 to 99.999 . 
100.000 or more . 



Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 




460 

21 432 

682 

128 380 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



43 


756 


7 821 


283 509 


667 


29 361 


16 


238 


3 229 


63 176 


150 


2 611 


29 


475 


926 


32 611 



20 289 

426 

12 354 



14 264 

420 

17 939 

139 179 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



1 129 

15 791 

695 

3 083 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 135 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

' crops, except 

.oil grains, n.ec. 

33. 0134. 0139) 



field 
cash 
(01 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for grain or seed farms. 

acres- 
bushels- 

Irhgated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres .- 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Corn (or silage or green chop... _ farms. 

acres- 
tons, green. 

Irhgated farms. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres , 

TOO to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Wheat for grain farms. 

acres. 
bushels. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres - 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley for grain farms. 

acres, 
bushels., 

Irngated farms. 

acres. 

Oats for grain farms., 

acres, 
bushels- 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Tobacco (arms. 

acres, 
pounds.. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0,1 to 0.9 acres 

1.0 to 1.9 acres _ 

2.0 to 2.9 acres 

3.0 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 9.9 acres 

10.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 acres or more 



Soybeans for beans farms- 

bushels. 

Irngated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Insh potatoes farms.. 

cwt.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4.9 acres 

5 to 24.9 acres 

25,0 to 99-9 acres 

100 to 249.9 acres 

250,0 acres or more 



Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc (see text) ._ farms., 
acres., 
tons. dry.. 

Irngated farms.. 

acres.. 
See footnotes at end of table. 

136 MARYLAND 



1 893 
93 164 
222 626 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 



1 568 

1 173 

296 



1 541 

59 268 

3 707 134 



1 Oil 
13 879 
804 061 



1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 



1 065 

1 476 

736 

275 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



2 263 

265 943 

19 191 500 



1 449 

88 329 

4 200 609 



520 
29 227 
852 037 



2 205 
268 982 
• 147 850 



285 

6 569 

303 419 



93 228 
(D) 





342 
260 
61 


5 
126 


180 
823 
125 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 



Table 53. 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see inlroduclorY text] 



1987- Con. 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Com lor grain or seed -- tarms- 

^ acres - 

bushels- 

farms. 

acres. 



Irngated 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



Corn for silage or green chop farms.. 

tons, green.. 
Irrigated 'a™=- 



Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres.- 

250 to 499 acres. 

500 acres or more 



Wheat lor gram farms.. 

acres. 

bushels - 

Irrigated - '^"^^- 



Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 lo 249 acres. 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Barley lor gram --- !^I!^e 

Irrigated 



bushels. 

. farms. 

acres. 



Oats lor grain . 



farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Irngated - farms.. 

" acres.. 



Tobacco farms.. 

acres., 
pounds.. 

Irngated farms.. 

^ acres. - 

Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 9 acres - 

1.0 to 19 acres 

2.0 to 2 9 acres 

3,0 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 lo 9 9 acres 

10 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 acres or more 



Soybeans for beans farms.. 

acres. 

bushels. 

Irrigated '^"'^- 



Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Insh potatoes farms. 



ngated . 



Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24 9 acres 

25.0 lo 99-9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 



Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, viild, 

grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) .. farms.. 

" acres.. 

tons, dry.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

See footnotes al end of table. 



General farms, 

pnmanly crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



1 143 

33 633 

2 497 341 



429 

9 696 

119 690 



Beef cattle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



417 

8 848 

384 938 



396 

4 037 

229 701 



2 514 

3 

(0) 



2 290 
62 967 
117 937 



1 214 
35 543 
63 220 



1 147 
73 389 
973 844 



499 
13 948 
B58 379 



1 246 
105 669 
295 449 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



513 

66 831 

1 528 304 



General farms. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



267 
5 020 
8 713 



MARYLAND 137 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grams (013) 



Sugarcane 

and sugar beets; 

Irish potatoes; 

field crops, except 

cash grains, n.e c 

(0133. 0134. 0139) 



Fruits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 



CROPS HARVESTED~Con. 

Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small gram, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) 
-Con, 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 



Alfalfa hay farms 

tons, dry. 

Irhgated farms, 

acres 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ___ farms, 
acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4,9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres _ 

25 to 99 9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres__- 

250 acres or more 

Sweet corn harvested for sale farms. 

acres. 
Irrigated farms. 

Land in orchards farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99,9 acres 

100-0 to 249,9 acres... 

250-0 acres or more 

Apples farms. 

Bearing and nonbearing. .acres, 
pounds. 



3 049 
83 446 
269 318 



453 

4 406 

39 315 230 



See footnotes at end of table. 



138 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED- Con 

Hay— alfalfa, otfier tame, small gram. wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc (see text) 
-Con 
Farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres - 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres .-_ 

500 acres or more 

Alfalfa fiay -._ farms. 

acres, 
tons, dry. 

Irngated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) -.- farms. 

acres - 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 4 9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres __ 

25 to 99 9 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres 

250.0 acres or more .-_ 

Sweet corn han/ested for sale __ farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated - farms. 

acres. 

Land in orchards farms. 

acres. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres- 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres; 

1 to 4 9 acres - 

5.0 to 24,9 acres --_ -- - 

250 to 999 acres _ 

100.0 to 249.9 acres -._ 

250 acres or more __- 

Apples farms. 

Bearing and nonbearing.. acres, 
pounds. 



Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 



General farms. 

pnmanly crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Beef cattle, 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



894 
15 619 
41 960 



Poultry 

and eggs 

(025) 



Animal 

specialties 

(027) 



General farms, 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 



I to market value of agncultural products sold are included as farms with gams of less than $1,000- 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



MARYLAND 139 



Table 1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



introductory text] 



Anne Arundel 



Farms 

Land in farms 

Average size of farm. 



Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 



- number. 
...acres. 
...acres- 



Estimated market value of all machinery and 
equipment'. 
Average per farm 



Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 179 acres 

180 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1 .000 acres or more . 



Total cropland 

Harvested cropland _ 
Irrigated land 



farms- 
acres. 
farms. 



Market value of agncultural products sold __. 

Average per farm _ 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops 

Livestock, poultry, and their products 



Farms by value of sales: 

Less than S2.500 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999... 
$25,000 to $49.999... 
$50,000 to $99.999 ... 
$100,000 or more 



Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days worked off farm: 

Any 

200 days or more _. 

Average age of operator 



Total farm production expenses' 
Average per farm 



Beef cows 

Milk cows 

Cattle and calves sold . 



Hogs and pigs inventory 

Hogs and pigs sold _ 

Sheep and lambs inventory^ _ 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory ., 
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold. 



-_ farms. 

number. 
__ farms, 

number. 
_. farms 

number. 
_. farms 

number. 

_. farms. 

number. 
,. farms 

number. 
.. farms. 

number. 
__ farms. 

number. 
-. farms. 

number. 



Selected crops harvested: 

Corn for gram or seed farms.. 

bushels.. 

Wheat for grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Barley (or grain farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

acres., 
pounds.. 

Soybeans for beans farms.. 

acres. . 
bushels- 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild. 

grass silage, green chop. etc. {see text) farms.. 

acres., 
tons. dry.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms.. 

acres.. 



4 400 

4 B85 

2 591 

712 

350 

13 200 
1 744 891 

11 960 

1 346 913 

1 074 

50 762 



7 985 

5 504 

52.7 



5 780 
308 052 

3 185 
48 454 

1 694 
110 463 

5 368 
154 540 

1 322 

197 214 

1 265 

372 470 

660 

24 599 

1 337 

4 060 760 

1 381 

257 070 110 



1 541 

59 268 

3 707 134 

1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 

3 697 

405 170 

9 352 369 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



26 473 

465 

17 445 



202 
4 823 
7 678 



70 063 

644 

50 714 



4 317 

308 

6 534 



396 
12 077 
28 854 



457 
22 225 

432 
13 560 



557 


1 127 


10 467 


130 306 


532 


1 Oil 


97 934 


103 965 


130 


26 


13 279 


293 


72 343 


55 899 


13 746 


45 153 


16 245 


16 138 


56 098 


39 761 



277 
20 272 
913 907 



427 

54 426 
804 130 



11 902 

670 

18 626 



See footnotes at end ot table. 

140 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 1. County Summary Highlights: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Fredenck 


Garrett 


Harlord 


Howard 


Kent 


[Montgomery 


Farms.-- - 

Land in farms 

Average size of farm --- 


number.. 

acres.. 


601 

67 655 

113 


392 

125 019 

319 


1 439 

236 350 

164 


670 

121 529 

181 


758 

99 948 

132 


432 

54 041 

125 


361 

133 597 

370 


669 

103 377 

155 


Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm- 

Average per acre 


dollars.. 

dollars-- 


232 767 
2 334 


456 990 
1 410 


420 302 
2 534 


180 133 
978 


344 590 
2 907 


446 488 
4 017 


923 353 
2 458 


587 159 
3 379 


Estimated market value of all machinery and 
equipment' 
Average per farm 




















dollars.- 


32 667 


73 734 


49 415 


35 414 


40 001 


32 489 


86 200 


41 277 


Farms by size: 




75 
203 
217 

B7 

14 

5 


37 
65 

122 
86 
52 

30 


109 
373 
529 
349 
60 
19 


39 
81 
314 
202 
27 
7 


72 
246 
291 
109 

31 
9 


83 
185 
102 
32 
18 
12 


17 
48 
72 
153 
41 
30 


90 




255 




184 




87 




36 




17 


Total cropland..- - 

Harvested cropland 

Irrigated land 


farms.. 

acres.. 
farms.. 

acres. - 
(arms— 


571 
35 866 

527 

20 603 

68 

908 


360 
98 495 

338 

83 948 

79 

11 279 


1 340 
182 838 

1 240 

135 370 

37 

1 387 


631 

58 076 

597 

39 257 

4 

11 


697 
72 978 

619 

51 447 

28 

417 


363 
41 711 

272 

27 810 

27 

510 


342 

109 652 

332 

88 997 

19 

3 439 


576 
77 137 

468 

51 812 

47 

469 






8 278 
13 774 

5 985 
2 293 


51 509 
131 402 

15 031 
36 478 


94 647 
65 773 

9 034 
85 614 


19 377 
28 921 

1 639 
17 738 


24 500 
32 322 

8 669 
15 831 


18 305 
42 372 

9 068 
9 237 


43 528 
120 577 

20 200 
23 328 


26 049 


Average per farm 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops 


dollars- 

.... $1.000.. 
-_-_ St.OOO-- 


38 937 

16 091 
9 958 


Farms by value of sales: 


203 
108 
101 
95 
60 
24 
10 


75 
26 
37 
59 
48 
28 
119 


419 
176 
180 
159 
92 
115 
298 


181 
116 
95 
83 
66 
84 
45 


264 

127 
93 

107 
48 
43 
76 


199 
58 
56 
40 
14 
19 
46 


49 
20 
35 
90 
61 
31 
75 


259 




110 




90 




73 




35 




34 


SIOO.OOO or more --- 




68 


Operators b/ pnncipal occupation: 
Other 




289 
312 


250 
142 


817 
622 


379 
291 


361 
397 


174 
258 


241 
120 


276 
393 


Operators by days worked off farm: 

Any 




356 
245 
52.7 


192 
lit 
51.1 


724 
510 
530 


377 
238 
52.6 


421 
301 
54.7 


268 
187 
52.4 


163 
109 

53,1 


421 
312 


Average age of operator 


years.. 


54.5 




$1.000.. 


6 584 
10 937 


44 576 
113 715 


76 160 
52 926 


15 218 
22 679 


21 900 
28 892 


17 006 
39 365 


38 180 
106 055 


26 680 


Average per farm 


dollars.. 


39 762 


Livestock and poultry: 
Cattle and calves inventory 

Beef covBs -.- 

IVIilk cows 

Cattle and calves sold 


farms- 
number.. 

farms.. 

number.. 

farms.. 

number— 

farms- 
number- - 


162 
3 095 

122 

1 354 

27 

173 

126 
1 378 


37 
881 
23 
(D) 
8 
(D) 
28 
298 


981 
78 537 

408 
5 921 

416 
39 224 

945 
39 037 


537 

24 186 

317 

5 050 
189 

6 425 
513 

15 S59 


416 

19 515 

220 

3 433 

106 

5 780 

380 

10 312 


186 
9 841 

141 

2 317 

34 

2 028 

178 
6 003 


88 
9 546 

28 
494 

43 
4 466 

85 
6 330 


281 

12 131 

173 

2 934 

49 

3 663 
273 

5 416 


Hogs and pigs inventory 

Hogs and pigs sold 

Sheep and lambs inventory 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold... 


farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number- - 
farms-- 

number.. 
farms.. 

number., 
farms- 

number-- 


85 

7 855 

70 

14 726 

17 

813 

66 

3 843 

1 

(D) 


17 

28 853 

17 

53 531 

1 

(D) 

20 

96 075 

71 

16 651 788 


133 

6 929 

132 

11 846 

90 

3 245 

162 

(D) 

8 

1 105 


76 
3 084 

66 
5 004 

60 
2 357 

86 

68 847 

4 

(D) 


49 

1 294 

51 
3 150 

55 
3 510 

67 

2 597 

1 
(D) 


28 
2 721 

34 
6 180 

42 

1 013 

37 

2 134 

4 
153 


20 
(D) 
20 
8 733 
11 
651 
26 
(D) 
10 
2 299 600 


34 
2 780 

32 
5 940 

35 

1 765 

65 

2 193 


Selected crops harvested: 




















Corn for gram or seed 


farms-- 

bushels-- 


172 

5 778 

264 281 


168 

19 399 

1 748 862 


569 

25 051 

2 136 895 


238 

4 137 

339 978 


327 

21 376 

2 141 455 


83 

11 135 

1 044 964 


286 

46 916 

2 834 868 


147 

15 857 

1 498 775 


Wheat for grain 


farms.. 

acres. - 
bushels, - 


89 

2 514 

100 491 


185 
14 725 
767 795 


362 
11 639 
503 842 


17 

136 

4 503 


132 

2 901 

133 700 


41 
1 812 
89 218 


158 

8 541 

385 720 


79 

5 007 

251 864 


Barley for grain 


farms-- 

bushels. , 


5 

95 

5 799 


77 

7 041 

443 513 


209 

5 645 

335 798 


28 

442 

13 410 


73 

1 851 

123 244 


40 

2 045 

147 770 


44 
1 243 
85 809 


35 
1 229 
75 751 


Tobacco 


farms-- 

acres- - 
pounds. - 


258 

2 566 

3 245 681 


: 


2 
(D) 
(D) 


-_ 


\ 


_ 


": 


2 
(D) 
(D) 


Soybeans for beans 


farms-- 

bushels.. 


114 

R 213 

140 655 


286 

52 811 

1 001 570 


110 

7 672 

231 800 


\ 


101 

6 098 

212 532 


36 

3 445 

116 130 


224 
22 987 

537 814 


58 

9 934 

334 626 


Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) 


farms-. 

Ions, dry.- 


207 
3 901 
5 671 


918 
2 274 


1 082 
60 674 
159 385 


569 
26 932 
49 801 


484 
15 078 
42 254 


194 
8 093 
17 337 


111 
5 990 

17 i;77 


309 
14 445 
29 659 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 


farms.. 

acres- 


48 
243 


72 
5 094 


53 
303 


19 
165 


40 
1 341 


30 
637 


21 
2 233 


55 
932 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



l»«ARYLANO 141 



Table 1. County Summary Highlights: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms number.. 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings': 

' farm dollars.. 

= per acre -.dollars.. 



Estimated market value of all machinery and 
equipment': 

; per farm dollars. 



Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

r^O '0 179 dcteA 

180 10 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1 ,000 acres or more _ 



Total cropland farms.. 

acres. 
Harvested cropland _ farms. 

acres. 
Irngated land farms. 

acres. 

Market value of agricultural products sold $1,000. 

Average por farm i dollars.. 

Crops. Including nursery and greenhouse 

crops .- $1.000., 

Livestock, poultry, and their products $1,000. 



Farms bv value of sales; 

Less than $2.500 

$2,500 to $4.959 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24.999... 
$25,000 to$49,99S... 
$50,000 '0 $99.993. „ 
$100,000 or more 



Operators by principal occupation; 

Farming 

Other .-_ 



Operators by dayr^ worked off farm. 



Total farm production expenses' $1,000. 

J per farm. dollars. 



Livestock and poultry; 

Cattle and calves inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Beef cows. farms.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms.. 

number.. 

Cattle and calves sold farms.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Chickens 3 months old or older inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms.. 

number.. 

Selected crops harvested: 

Corn for grain or seed farms.. 

acres. , 
bushels.. 

Wheat for grain farms.. 

acres.-. 
bushels.. 

Eiarley for grain farms.. 

acres.. 

bushels.. 

Tobacco _. farms.. 

acres., 
pounds.. 

Soybeans for boans farms.. 

acres. . 
bushels.. 

H.iy -alfalfa, othei tame, small gram, wild. 

grass silage, gree* chop, etc (see text) farms... 

acres., 
tons. diy.. 



626 


436 


35 079 


142 148 


563 


408 


22 768 


114 736 


78 


47 


649 


5 196 


16 115 


31 281 


23 594 


68 449 


14 174 


14 259 


1 940 


17 022 



409 
288 
53 9 



286 

7 813 

395 680 



256 
13 041 
283 675 



302 
45 495 

265 
38 246 



91 988 

239 

76 918 



254 

6 066 

267 710 

209 

4 275 

254 781 



69 674 

479 

61 594 



454 


386 


315 


276 


50.1 


51.6 


41 849 


116 157 


46 191 


150 073 


630 


73 


42 821 


1 694 


285 


44 


5 372 


(D) 


278 


4 


17 566 


(D) 



216 
14 998 
360 150 



347 
41 334 
964 244 



'Data are based on a .sample of fatms. 



142 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 



Total sales (see text) _ farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

per farm dollars, 1987. 



1987 value of sales: 
Less ttian $l,000-._ -_. farms. 

SI .000. 
$1,000 to $2,499 - farms. 

$1,000. 
$2,500 to $4,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$5,000 10 $9,999 -.- farms. 

$1,000. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$20,000 to $24,999 ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
$25,000 to $39,999 _. farms. 

$1,000. 
$40,000 to $49,999 - farms. 

$1,000. 
$50,000 to $99,999 _ farms. 

$1,000. 
$100,000 to $249,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$260,000 to $499,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$500,000 or more .._ _ farms. 

$1,000. 
1982 value of sales': 
Less ttian $1,000 farms. 

$1,000. 
$1,000 to $2.499 _ _ farms. 

$1,000. 
$2,500 10 $4.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$5,000 to $9,999 - farms. 

$1,000. 

$10,000 to $19.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$20,000 to $24.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$25,000 to $39.999 _ farms. 

$1,000. 
$40,000 to $49.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$50,000 to $99.999 ___ farms. 

$1,000. 
$100,000 to $249.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$250,000 to $499.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$500,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales by commodity or commodity group 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops farms. 



$1,000, 
Grains farms, 

$1,000, 
Corn for gram farms, 

$1,000, 
Wheat farms, 

$1,000, 

Soybeans farms, 

$1,000, 

Sorghum for gram farms, 

$1,000, 

Barley farms, 

$1,000, 

Oats farms, 

$1,000 

Other grains^ farms. 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982., 

1987., 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



989 061 

1 029 244 

66 937 

63 600 



2 043 

3 432 
1 948 
7 031 



1 585 

22 440 

427 

9 480 

781 

24 759 

319 

14 193 



252 674 
737 

249 596 
280 

313 078 

1 787 
578 

2 104 

3 497 
2 123 
7 682 
2 044 

14 439 

1 846 

26 048 

542 

12 031 

990 

31 037 

461 

20 515 

1 504 

108 490 

1 795 

284 587 

730 

246 492 

239 

271 768 



9 331 
11 040 
253 056 
339 430 

6 112 

7 415 
123 049 
204 388 

3 863 
5 230 
53 661 
121 797 
2 941 

2 997 
16 653 
16 558 

3 648 
3 919 

48 499 
59 208 



(NA) 

3 473 

(NA) 



3 294 
3 393 
13 724 
12 295 



(NA) 
(NA) 



567 
604 
8 453 
11 378 
14 909 
18 838 



478 
6 613 
9 110 



917 
1 006 
39 750 
37 779 
43 348 
37 553 

200 



222 

3 149 
5 221 



(NA) 
342 
(NA) 



668 


730 


4 379 


72 343 


10 520 


68 344 


9 437 


113 746 


15 748 


93 621 



393 

604 

3 917 

9 864 



1 


3?? 




24 




533 




49 


1 


WO 




2S 


1 


129 




B.5 


6 


188 




127 


2(1 


819 




64 


?1 


695 




19 


14 


202 




492 




59B 


16 


?4h 


21 


55b 




441 




546 


9 


617 


16 


789 




241 




.321 


2 385 


R 


464 




275 




297 


? 


22/ 


2 


2/2 




413 




491 


4 


?85 


6 


685 



1 238 
1 316 
55 899 
60 144 
45 153 
45 702 

221 



1 183 

97 

7 147 

102 

15 797 

34 

11 077 

18 

17 637 



4 


677 


K 


105 




325 




351 


1 


?HH 


1 


058 



(NA) 
380 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 143 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) __ farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

Average per farm dollars, 1987. 

1982. 
1 987 value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 farms. 

$1,000. 

S1.000 to $2,499 farms. 

$1,000. 

$2,500 10 $4,999 _ farms. 

$1,000. 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$20,000 to $24,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$25,000 to $39,999 farms 

$1,000 
$40,000 to $49,999 farms 

$1,000 

$50,000 to $99,999.. farms 

$1,000 

$100,000 to $249,999 - farms 

$1,000 

$250,000 to $499,999 farms 

$1,000 

$500,000 or more farms 

$1,000 
1982 value of sales': 

Less than $1,000.. farms 

$1,000, 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms 

$1,000 

$2,500 to $4.999 farms 

$1,000. 

$5,000 to $9,999 fai 

$1,000, 

$10,000 to $19,999 fai 

$1,000. 

$20,000 to $24,999 _ __. farms, 

$1,000, 

$25,000 to $39,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$40,000 to $49,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$50,000 to $99,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$100,000 to $249,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$250,000 to $499,999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$500,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales by commodity or commodity group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms, 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



Grains farms, 

$1,000, 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000, 

Wheal farms, 

$1,000, 

Soybeans farms, 

$1,000, 

Sorghum for grain farms, 

$1,000, 

Barley farms, 

$1,000, 

Oats farms, 

$1,000, 

Other grains^ farms 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table 

144 MARYLAND 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



601 
746 
8 278 
15 403 
13 774 
20 647 

113 



636 
5 985 
13 536 



392 
438 
51 509 
56 193 
131 402 
128 295 

41 



1 195 

66 

4 877 

67 

10 945 

55 

19 468 

17 388 
328 



(NA) 
500 
(NA) 



1 439 
1 463 
94 647 
96 223 
65 773 
65 771 

217 



8 480 

204 

32 505 



615 
4 833 
6 856 



19 377 
17 497 
28 921 
25 175 



249 
1 639 
1 845 



(NA) 

(D) 

(NA) 



758 
800 
24 500 
29 392 
32 322 
36 740 

142 



10 286 
292 
360 

5 362 
7 696 

242 

308 

3 579 

6 477 



472 


374 


18 305 


43 528 


22 772 


56 901 


42 372 


120 577 


48 247 


152 141 



9 


OBS 


10 


fi0,S 




8? 




Ill 


3 


^/B 


4 


318 




63 




HH 


? 


.189 


3 


501 



5 655 

66 

10 045 



266 

295 

5 381 

15 572 



223 

206 

2 718 

(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 



Total sales (see text) _ .farms. 1987.. 

1982.- 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Average per farm dollars, 1987.. 

1982.. 
1987 value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$1,000 to $2.499 farms.. 

$1.000.. 
$2,500 to $4.999.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$5,000 to $9,999 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$10,000 to $19,999 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$20,000 to $24,999. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$25,000 to $39,999 farms.. 

$1,000 
$40,000 to $49,999. fai 

$1,000, 
$50,000 to $99,999 farms. 

$1,000, 
$100,000 to $249,999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$250,000 to $499,999 farms. 

$1,000 
$500,000 or more farms. 

$1,000 
1982 value of sales': 
Less trian $1,000 _ farms. 

$1,000 
$1,000 to $2,499 famis. 

$1,000.. 
$2,500 to $4.999 farms.. 

$1.000.. 
$5,000 10 $9,999 farms.. 

$1.000.. 
$10,000 to $19.999 farms.- 

$1.000.. 
$20,000 to $24.999 farms.. 

$1,000. 
$25,000 to $39.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$40,000 to $49.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$50,000 to $99.999 farms. 

$1,000. 
$100,000 to $249.999 farms.. 

$1.000.. 
$250,000 to $499,999 farms.. 

$1,000.. 
$500,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Sales by commodity or commodity group. 
Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse 

crops farms, 

1982 
$1,000, 



Grains farms. 

$1,000, 
Corn for grain farms, 

$1,000, 
Wfieat farms, 

$1,000, 

Soybeans farms, 

$1,000, 

Sorgtium for gram farms, 

$1,000. 

Barley.. farms, 

$1,000, 

Oats farms, 

$1,000, 

Other grains^ farms, 

$1,000, 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987. 



1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 



1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 

1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.- 
1982.- 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987-. 
1982.. 

1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 



16 115 
16 873 
23 594 
21 998 



477 

623 

14 174 

14 601 



457 
490 
31 281 
43 584 
68 449 
88 948 

47 



384 

427 

14 259 

27 739 

356 

404 

12 009 

25 896 



5 418 

16 914 

216 



|NA) 
352 
(NA) 



754 

940 

13 271 

22 517 
17 601 

23 954 

65 



406 


280 


413 


350 


80 893 


26 579 


72 337 


35 242 


99 243 


94 926 


75 149 


100 690 



256 
9 591 
17 992 



(NA) 

(D) 

(NA) 



906 


774 


962 


842 


54 091 


134 061 


48 752 


121 516 


59 703 


173 205 


50 678 


144 318 



345 

1 181 

2 789 



253 

2 156 

3 800 



(NA) 

(D) 

(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 145 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Anne Arundel 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)-Con. 
Sales by commodity or commodity group- 
Con 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops-Con. 
Cotton and cottonseed farms, 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds ^. farms. 

$1,000, 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000, 

Fruits, nuts, and berries .-_: farms, 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greentiouse crops farms, 

$1,000. 

Ottier crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and ttieir products farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms, 

$1,000, 

Dairv products farms, 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

l-1ogs and pigs ___ farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wioot farms. 

$1,000. 



1982_ 
1987., 
1962. 
19B7_ 



1987. 
1982. 
1987.. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987, 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982.. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



, 1987. 

1982.. 
, 1987. 

1982. 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes: 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c 
(0133. 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primanly livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



1 356 

2 484 
15 731 
41 990 

2 503 
2 143 
10 116 
7 456 
1 181 
1 397 
28 205 
23 819 



8 473 

12 945 

578 



269 
3 612 
3 043 

8 519 

9 422 
736 006 
689 815 

2 181 

2 458 

425 871 

366 495 

1 476 

1 809 

187 216 

204 228 

5 368 

6 245 
56 718 
54 539 

1 265 
1 625 
37 032 
33 824 
627 
566 
1 274 



1 271 
1 207 
27 894 
29 949 



1 340 
1 542 
1 225 



205 
1 996 
1 774 



205 

287 

2 129 

4 670 



665 


2 650 


482 


3 067 


18 


61 


24 


77 


65 


415 


115 


513 


48 


95 


54 


116 


2 207 


10 782 


I 539 


9 680 



56 098 


39 761 


46 788 


42 894 


202 


80 


212 


162 


50 641 


7 492 


40 593 


7 447 


24 


169 


32 


199 


3 043 


20 663 


3 609 


22 313 


80 


670 


105 


782 


821 


7 452 


1 163 


8 406 


44 


132 


75 


185 


1 394 


1 869 


1 373 


2 560 



See footnotes at end of table. 



146 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



inlroductofy text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

Total sales (see lext)-Con 
Sales by commodity or commodity group- 
Con 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops-Con, 
Cotton and cottonseed ,. farms, 

SI. 000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms, 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes ._ ..farms, 

$1,000, 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

SI. 000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000, 

Dairy products .farms. 

SI. 000. 
Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Hogs and pigs farms, 

SI ,000, 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 



Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 



19B7,. 


- 


1982.. 


- 


1987.. 


- 


1982.. 


_ 


1987.. 


258 


1982.. 


505 


1987-. 


4 004 


1982.. 


9 629 


1987.. 


81 


1982.. 


69 


1987.. 


106 


1982-- 


119 


1967.. 


48 


1982.. 


51 


1987.. 


157 


1982.. 


141 



1982. 
1987- 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1967. 
1982. 
1987. 



1982. 
1987.. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1967. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Cash grains (Oil) _. 

Field crops, except cash grams (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) __. 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy (arms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



220 

235 

2 293 

1 867 



24 


373 


192 


20 


332 


159 


129 


1 958 


612 


111 


1 500 


574 


72 


51 


19 


94 


66 


22 


3 352 


233 


(D) 


3 690 


182 


196 



404 
493 
66 073 
70 794 
945 
1 062 
11 569 
10 106 



496 

589 

15 831 

19 106 



139 
10 415 
13 782 
380 
490 
3 794 
3 896 



233 
3 933 
3 013 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 147 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Queen Anne's 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)-Con 
Sales by commodity or commodity group- 
Con 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops-Con, 
Cotton and cottonseed farms, 

$1,000, 

Tobacco farms, 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000, 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms, 

$1,000, 

Fruits, nuts, and berries ..farms, 

$1,000, 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms, 

$1,000, 

Other crops farms, 

$1,000, 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms, 

$1,000, 

Poultry and poultry products farms, 

$1,000, 

Dairy products farms, 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms, 

$1,000 

Hogs and pigs farms, 

$1,000 

Sheep, lambs, and wool.. farms, 

$1,000, 



Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 



1987.. 


214 


1982.. 


417 


1987.. 


2 110 


1982.- 


5 582 


1987.. 


89 


1982.. 


61 


1987.. 


235 


1982.. 


129 


1987.- 


93 


1982.. 


72 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
19B2. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982- 

1987- 
1982- 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987.. 
1982., 



1982. 
1987, 
1982. 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets, Insh potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General (arms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feediots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



72 697 

57 968 

244 



266 
280 
29 572 
26 910 
624 
663 

6 840 

7 184 



119 541 

102 881 

459 



'Data for 1982 excludes abnormal farms. 

'Data for 1982 includes market value of barley sold. 

148 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Anne Arundel 



Total farm production expenses farms, 

$1,000, 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms, 

$1,000, 



Feed for livestock and poultry . 
Commercially mixed formula f 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms, 



Commercial ferliliz 



Agricultural chemicals' 
Petroleum products ... 



Gasoline and gasohol farms. 



Diesel fuel .-. farms, 



Natural gas farms. 



Eiectrictty -..farms. 



Hired farm labor _. farms, 



Contract labor farms, 

$1,000, 

Repair and maintenance farms, 

$1,000, 
Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment^ farms. 

$1,000, 



Interest paid^ farms, 

$1,000, 

Interest paid on debt: 
Secured by real estate farms, 

$1,000, 
Not secured by real estate farms, 

$1,000, 

Casfi rent farms, 

$1,000, 

Property taxes paid farms, 

$1,000, 

All other farm production expenses farms, 

$1,000, 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1987. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1987. 
1987. 
1987. 
1987. 
1987. 



14 774 
851 440 
57 631 

5 250 

5 727 

102 147 

98 291 

7 995 

8 971 
300 284 
275 819 

4 851 

5 614 
274 562 
246 333 

9 338 
10 144 
23 063 
22 406 

10 292 

11 855 
50 516 
72 146 

9 362 
9 847 

26 447 

27 401 

13 824 
16 061 
30 365 
45 329 

11 864 

14 790 

12 300 
18 858 

8 166 
8 238 
12 267 
16 316 



426 
205 
654 
615 

9 481 

(NA) 

5 144 

9 539 

10 585 
10 670 
16 692 
15 700 
5 958 
7 321 
81 230 
68 545 



5 327 

5 695 

9 821 

10 381 



4 037 
28 859 

2 953 

11 413 

3 987 
26 726 
13 206 
19 804 
13 462 
67 978 



918 
31 393 
34 197 



3 634 

4 153 
238 



479 
472 
1 456 
1 859 
565 
605 

1 945 

2 835 



463 
3 881 
8 383 



249 

268 

7 069 



272 

346 

32 497 

26 813 

228 



281 



500 
537 
2 100 
1 874 
592 
719 



1 237 
48 851 
39 491 



505 
6 495 
9 359 



859 
2 015 
1 751 
1 178 



812 

(NA) 

279 

(D) 



1 317 

1 018 

422 



198 


277 


1 646 


2 603 


593 


1 165 


830 


1 463 


624 


1 146 


2 942 


4 518 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 149 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data are based on a sample of farms For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Total farm production expenses farms, 1987_. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
Average per farm dollars, 1987.. 

Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

..farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
S1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 
--farms, 1987.. 



Feed for livestock and poultry 

Commercially mixed formula feeds . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 



Commercial fertilizer' 



Agncultural chemicals' . 
Petroleum products 



..farms, 1987. 

1982., 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982., 

..farms. 1987.. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 



..farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

-.farms, 1987. 

1982- 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 



Gasoline and gasofiol. 



Hired farm labor . 



..farms, 1987. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987., 

1982., 

..farms, 1987.. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

..farms. 1987- 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

..farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 



..farms. 1987. 

1982. 

SI .000. 1987. 

1982. 

..farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 



Contract labor farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982- 

Repair and maintenance farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment^ farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

Interest paid^ farms, 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 
1982. 
Interest paid on debt: 

Secured by real estate farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 

Not secured by real estate farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 

Cash rent farms, 1987. 

$1,000, 1987. 
Property taxes paid. _ farms, 1987. 

$1,000, 1987. 
All other farm production expenses farms, 1987. 

$1,000, 1987. 



602 
6 584 
10 937 



322 
377 
1 103 
1 356 
325 
377 

3 224 

4 755 



629 
362 

1 770 



1 439 
76 160 
52 926 

674 

678 

5 152 

4 912 

1 038 
1 170 
20 262 
22 648 



1 614 
1 793 
1 067 
1 049 

5 563 

6 697 



912 

834 

2 046 

2 046 
1 392 
1 463 

3 266 

4 559 



1 227 
1 412 

1 401 

2 356 
833 
762 



985 
(NA) 
402 
518 



2 153 

2 084 

652 



648 

653 

1 462 

1 235 



3 029 

319 

2 128 



1 875 
1 319 
8 144 



15 


?1B 


22 


6/9 




368 




?5fi 


? 


970 


1 


424 




477 




45/ 


3 


446 


4 


487 




?5() 




303 


2 


40/ 


3 


192 



263 

315 

1 611 



667 

800 

1 114 

1 737 



592 
563 
505 
545 
256 
296 
2 981 
1 814 



272 
1 291 
1 676 



432 
17 006 
39 365 



269 
325 

1 678 

2 816 



1 318 


775 


685 


39C 


1 421 


72C 


671 


376 


2 402 


2 341 



38 


180 


06 055 




68 




1?5 


? 


383 


3 


693 




140 




168 


8 


355 


11 


594 




76 




119 


/ 


;<H/ 


9 


928 




322 




:(14 


1 


89? 


1 


90/ 




319 




3?5 


' 


6?3 


6 


225 




28? 




?88 


1 


819 


? 


191 




359 



220 
1 578 
3 397 



See footnotes at end of table. 



150 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning o' abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Prince 
George's 



Queen Anne's 



Total farm production expenses farms. 1987_. 

$1,000, 1987. 
Average per farm dollars. 1987., 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 1987.. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982- 



Feed for livestock and poultry 

Commercially mixed formula feeds . 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 



Commercial ferlilizer' _, 

Agricultural chemicals' . 
Petroleum products 



..farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987- 

1982- 

-- farms, 1987- 

1982- 

S1.000. 1987. 

1982. 



--farms. 1987-- 

1982-- 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

..farms. 1987.. 



1982- 
$1,000. 1987- 



.. farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

..farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 



Gasoline and gasohol . 



..farms. 1987-- 

1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

--farms. 1987.. 



$1,000. 1987" 



Natural gas.. ..farms. 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000, 1987. 
1982. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil. 

grease, etc farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 



-farms. 1987- 
1982. 

$1,000. 1987- 
1982. 

-farms. 1987- 



Hired farm tabor - 



$1,000. 



1982.- 



Contract labor farms. 

$1,000, 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Customwork. machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment^ farms. 

$1,000. 



1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1987- 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



Interest paid^ farms. 1987.. 

19B2-- 
$1,000. 1987- 
1982-- 
Interest paid on debt; 

Secured by real estate farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987- 

Not secured by real estate farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987- 

Cash rent - farms. 1987_. 

$1,000. 1987- 
Property taxes paid farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
All other farm production expenses farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987-- 



683 
11 223 
16 432 



366 
757 
580 
506 
606 
610 
1 095 



447 
356 
292 
399 
649 
750 
784 
1 246 



344 
2 625 
2 985 



166 
493 
594 
837 
583 
1 377 



457 
29 921 
65 473 



216 
6 695 
6 202 



365 

427 

4 370 

7 238 



2 054 

2 289 

440 

490 



370 
445 
504 

1 002 
355 
395 
719 

1 299 



309 

(NA) 

329 

(D) 

322 
296 
519 
655 
144 
256 
2 582 
2 616 



753 


406 


10 098 


71 480 


13 410 


176 060 


145 


286 


155 


245 


551 


12 570 


975 


8 731 


233 


307 


237 


256 


1 339 


38 904 


1 289 


31 716 


127 


269 


120 


246 


418 


38 143 


545 


31 356 



240 

335 

705 

1 536 



270 
(NA) 
362 



1 039 
907 
346 

1 950 



255 

237 

2 052 

2 905 



279 
23 845 
85 467 



237 

266 

1 206 

1 076 
225 
285 

2 950 
4 216 



249 

340 

1 225 

1 579 

203 
286 
399 



203 

(NA) 

202 

(D) 



906 
41 849 
46 191 

305 

435 

4 039 

3 521 



450 
9 707 
6 032 



667 
2 727 
2 795 

559 

607 

1 598 



2 958 
427 



250 

1 623 

228 

858 



458 
482 
1 605 
1 585 
669 
842 

1 841 

2 856 



746 

1 252 

425 



603 

645 

2 006 

1 638 



449 

393 

3 472 

3 570 



'Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications, 

2Data for 1987 exclude cost of custom applications for commercial fertilizer and agricultural chemicals. 

^Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 151 



Table 4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, se 


e introductory text 


















Item 


Maryland 


Allegany 


Anne Arundel 


Baltimore 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


NET CASH RETURN 




















Net cash return from agricultural sales tor ttie 
farm unit (see text)' -. 

Average per farm 


__farms, 1987_. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


14 774 

135 200 

9 151 


239 
63 
265 


566 
-330 
-584 


918 
9 133 
9 946 


463 
-253 
-546 


636 
5 940 
9 340 


1 237 
7 470 
6 039 


501 
3 779 
7 543 


Farms with net gains^ 

Average per farm 


number, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


6 913 
197 071 
28 507 


93 

456 

4 906 


243 
2 162 
8 897 


341 
13 853 
40 623 


195 

929 

4 765 


271 
9 024 
33 299 


467 
13 317 
28 516 


190 
6 858 
36 092 


Farms witti net losses 

Average per farm 


number, 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
.dollars. 1987.. 


7 861 
61 871 
7 871 


146 

393 

2 692 


323 
2 493 
7 717 


577 
4 720 
8 180 


268 

1 182 

4 410 


365 
3 084 
8 448 


770 
5 847 
7 593 


311 
3 078 
9 898 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 




















Total received 

Average per farm 


...farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1967.. 

..dollars. 1987.. 


2 553 
29 512 
11 560 


31 

80 

2 581 


29 

122 

4 200 


72 

969 

13 453 


45 

142 

3 164 


177 
1 574 
8 892 


177 
1 907 
10 773 


98 
1 165 
11 889 


Amount received in casti 


..farms. 1987,. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


2 158 
14 843 


24 
47 


24 
56 


68 
494 


40 
70 


140 
700 


153 
975 


85 
687 


Value of commodity certificates received. _. 


...farms, 1967.. 
$1,000, 1967.. 


2 079 
14 669 


17 
33 


23 
66 


52 
475 


28 
73 


154 
874 


132 
932 


79 
479 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 




















Gross before taxes and expenses' 

Average per farm 


...farms. 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

..dollars, 1987.. 


3 397 
14 273 

4 202 


45 

51 
1 124 


112 

662 

5 911 


257 

789 

3 071 


73 

109 

1 490 


162 

668 

4 123 


275 

860 

3 129 


136 

409 

3 004 


Customwork and ottier agricultural 

Rental of farmland 


...farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

...farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


1 319 
1 163 
5 380 
4 564 
1 123 
3 444 


15 
3 
8 

1 


22 
30 
482 
132 
60 
63 


87 
54 
197 
115 
97 
195 


30 
25 
31 
27 
22 
28 


65 
67 
436 
428 
48 
90 


97 
107 
437 
358 

61 
170 


70 
34 
248 
122 
24 
90 


Sales of forest products and Cfirislmas 
trees 

Other farm-related income sources 


...farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
...farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1967.. 


532 
2 782 

1 163 

2 668 


21 
39 
17 
4 


19 
77 
29 
40 


47 
103 

81 
294 


13 
33 
18 
18 


39 
58 
46 
83 


37 
146 
124 
107 


10 
27 
66 
44 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 




















Total 


...farms, 1967.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


544 
197 

14 023 
6 184 


1 
(D) 


3 

2 

(D) 

(D) 


14 

5 

653 

114 


5 

4 

12 

(D) 


39 
16 
572 
449 


42 
17 
954 
236 


17 

4 

286 

(D) 


Corn 

Wheat-- 

Soybeans _-. 


...farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
...farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1967.. 
...farms, 1967.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


511 
12 702 

41 
220 

46 
915 


j 


3 

(D) 


14 

636 

1 

(D) 


5 
12 


36 
496 

3 
(13) 

6 
32 


41 
915 
2 
(13) 
1 
(D) 


17 
286 


Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Cotton 

Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey 


...farms. 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
...farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
...larms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


24 
103 

13 
82 


: 


': 


2 
(D) 


: 


4 
(D) 


3 

17 

1 
(D) 


: 



See footnotes at end of table. 



152 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 
















Item 
























Charles 


Dorchester 


Fredenck 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


NET CASH RETURN 




















Net cash return from agricultural sales lor the 
farm unit (see text)' ___ 

Average per farm 


..farms. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
.dollars. 1987.. 


602 
529 
879 


392 
B 750 
22 322 


1 439 
18 500 
12 856 


671 
4 562 
6 798 


758 
1 361 
1 795 


432 
1 561 
3 614 


360 
4 133 
11 482 


671 
3 566 
5 315 


Farms with net gains^ 

Average per farm 


number. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
-dollars, 1987.. 


289 
1 956 
6 769 


228 
10 775 
47 257 


589 
24 372 
41 378 


334 
6 422 
19 229 


270 
4 934 
18 274 


169 
3 540 
20 944 


159 
7 159 
45 024 


267 
7 410 
27 754 


Farms with net losses 

Average per farm 


number, 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987,. 


313 
1 427 
4 559 


164 
2 024 
12 342 


850 

5 872 

6 908 


337 
1 861 
5 621 


488 
3 573 
7 322 


263 
1 978 
7 523 


201 
3 025 
15 051 


404 
3 844 
9 515 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 




















Total received 

Average per farm. ... 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


103 

520 

5 046 


138 
2 074 
15 026 


221 
1 656 
7 493 


66 

143 

2 169 


103 
1 555 
15 094 


45 
1 042 
23 149 


227 
3 559 
15 678 


102 
1 843 
18 072 


Amount received in cash 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


89 

213 


112 
1 017 


157 
844 


60 
105 


91 
881 


36 
515 


206 
1 745 


86 
889 


Value of commodity certificates received... 


..farms. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 


82 
307 


126 
1 057 


167 
812 


16 
38 


77 
673 


38 
526 


210 
1 814 


88 
954 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 




















Gross before taxes and expenses' 

Average per farm 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


80 

223 

2 782 


76 

670 

8 820 


360 
1 163 
3 230 


159 

517 

3 249 


178 

300 

1 685 


112 

364 

3 253 


112 
1 139 
10 170 


174 

682 

3 921 


Customwork and other agricultural 
services' _. 

Rental of farmland. 


..farms, 1987.. 
1982.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
1982.. 
..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


40 
25 
113 
22 
17 
33 


46 
52 
275 
228 
19 
182 


72 
104 
203 
351 
125 
302 


87 
53 
199 
47 
45 
38 


41 
67 
53 

116 
87 

131 


16 
24 

66 
147 
33 

110 


38 
43 
279 
257 
34 
513 


71 
52 
233 
384 
63 
223 


Sales of forest products and Christmas 
trees 

Other farm-related Income sources 


..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


7 
30 
18 
47 


11 
76 
24 
136 


36 
342 

192 
316 


28 
250 
35 
30 


17 
28 
54 
88 


47 
139 
46 
50 


21 
65 
69 
281 


18 
31 
58 
195 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 




















Total _ 


..farms, 1987., 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


15 

7 
202 
55 


36 

26 

1 451 

870 


20 
12 
267 
98 


2 

1 
(D) 
(D) 


36 

5 

1 133 

190 


17 

5 

766 

(D) 


53 

9 

1 692 

178 


15 

9 

804 

1 001 


Corn 

Wheat.... 

Soybeans 


..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
..farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
..farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


13 
163 

1 
(D) 


33 
1 400 
5 
(D) 
3 
39 


18 

262 

3 

(D) 


2 
(D) 


36 
1 024 

3 
(0) 

2 
(D) 


15 
666 

1 
(D) 

2 
(D) 


53 
1 620 

4 
(D) 

3 
(D) 


15 
804 


Sorghum, barley, and oats.. 

Cotton 

Peanuts, rye, nee. tobacco, and honey 


..farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
..farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 
..farms. 1987.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 


2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 


1 
(D) 


2 

(D) 


: 


: 


1 
(D) 


: 


j 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 153 



Table 4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text 


















Item 


Pnnce 
George's 


Queen Anne's 


St. IVIary's 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


NET CASH RETURN 




















Net cash return from agricultural sales lor the 
farm unit (see text)' 

Average per farm ._ 


..farms. 1987.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 
-dollars. 1987.. 


683 
3 572 
5 230 


457 

504 

1 102 


753 
2 073 
2 753 


406 
10 390 
25 591 


279 
2 237 
8 018 


906 

12 073 

13 326 


774 
17 838 
23 046 


631 
17 748 
28 127 


Farms virith net gains' 

Average per farm 


number, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars. 1987.. 


332 
5 712 
17 206 


150 
5 066 
33 772 


362 
3 860 
10 662 


295 
11 574 
39 235 


170 
3 984 
23 433 


432 
15 295 
35 406 


551 
19 827 
35 984 


516 
18 587 
36 021 


Farms with net losses 

Average per farm 


number. 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


351 
2 140 
6 098 


307 
4 562 
14 860 


391 
1 787 
4 570 


111 
1 184 
10 669 


109 
1 747 
16 024 


474 
3 222 
6 798 


223 
1 990 
8 923 


115 

639 

7 296 


GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 




















Total received 

Average per farm _ 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


24 

230 

9 572 


255 
4 260 
16 708 


99 

269 

2 720 


105 

825 

7 857 


169 
2 438 
14 427 


100 
1 184 
11 835 


68 

652 

9 591 


99 
1 304 
13 171 


Amount received in cash 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


20 

107 


234 
2 194 


75 
103 


88 
336 


157 
1 149 


78 
846 


51 
293 


84 
577 


Value of commodity certificates received --. 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


17 
122 


229 
2 067 


83 
167 


91 
489 


141 
1 289 


70 
337 


62 
359 


97 
727 


OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 




















Gross before taxes and expenses' 

Average per farm 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
.dollars, 1987.. 


125 

350 

2 799 


123 

516 

4 192 


191 

715 

3 742 


66 

397 

6 019 


62 

524 

8 456 


214 

721 

3 370 


176 
1 171 
6 654 


129 
1 274 
9 874 


Customworii and other agricultural 
services^ __ 

Rental of farmland 


..farms, 1987.. 
1962.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
1982.. 
..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


46 
38 
98 
54 
53 
124 


60 
63 
219 
449 
30 
173 


111 
37 
494 
318 
32 
46 


38 
39 
216 
130 
40 
86 


31 
36 
101 
269 
24 
282 


106 
100 
235 
203 
61 
251 


86 
65 
424 
242 
71 
184 


43 
45 
332 
163 
57 
129 


Sales of forest products and Christmas 
trees _._ 

Other farm-related income sources... 


..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


21 
68 
34 
60 


15 

7 

39 

116 


54 
156 
50 
18 


3 
(D) 

4 
(D) 


1 
(D) 
14 
(D) 


23 
17 
83 
218 


6 
(D) 
20 
(D) 


38 
726 
42 
87 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 




















Total 


..farms, 1987.. 

1982-. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 


6 

3 

125 

(D) 


66 

16 

1 080 

416 


19 

9 

110 

117 


32 

580 
73 


46 

18 

1 536 

746 


9 

4 
107 
(D) 


20 

10 

430 

553 


32 

10 

1 222 

326 


Corn 

Wheat 

Soybeans _ 


..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 
..farms, 1987.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 


3 
(D) 


66 

995 

8 

43 

5 

(D) 


12 
56 

4 
(D) 

1 
(D) 


28 
419 
1 
(D) 
8 
146 


46 

1 323 

3 

(D) 

5 

143 


6 
97 

1 
(D) 


18 
366 

5 
64 


31 
1 004 

1 
(D) 

5 
(D) 


Sorghum, barley, and oats 

Cotton 

Peanuts, rye. nee. tobacco, and honey 


..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
...farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 
..farms, 1987.. 
$1,000, 1987.. 


3 
(D) 


3 
(D) 


5 
46 


2 

(D) 


2 
(D) 


1 
(D) 

2 
(D) 


-_ 


1 
(D) 



^Data are based on a sample of farms 

2Farms with total production expenses equal to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms \ 

^Data for 1987 are based on a sample of farms; data for 1982 are nonsample. 



154 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbrevtalions and symbols 



introductorv 'ext] 



Anne Arundel 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Farms number. 1987. 

1982, 
Land in (arms acres, 1987. 

1982. 
J ot farm acres, 1987. 

1982 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm dollars, 1987. 

1982. 

Average per acre dollars. 1987. 

1982. 

Approximate land area acres, 1987. 

Proportion in farms _ __. percent. 1987; 

1987 size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres farms, 

acres. 
10 to 49 acres farms. 

acres. 
50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres. 

70 to 99 acres _-. farms. 

acres. 
100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres _ farms. 

acres- 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres. 
260 to 499 acres farms. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres - (arms. 

acres. 
1,000 to 1,999 acres farms. 

acres. 
2.000 acres or more farms. 

acres. 

1982 size of farm. 

1 to 9 acres farms. 

acres. 
10 to 49 acres farms. 

50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres. 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres. 
100 to 139 acres _ (arms. 

acres. 
140 to 179 acres (arms. 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres _ (arms. 

acres. 
220 to 259 acres _._ (arms. 

260 to 499 acres ___ _ (arms. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres (arms. 

1,000 to 1,999 acres _ farms. 

acres- 
2,000 acres or more __ farms. 

acres. 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 



Total cropland (arms, 

acres. 

Han/ested cropland (arms 

acres. 

Cropland used only (or pasture or grazing (arms. 

acres. 

Other cropland ..(arms, 

acres, 

Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and 
soil-improvemeni grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured farms. 



See footnotes at end of table 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



14 776 

16 183 

2 396 629 

2 557 728 



366 788 

332 301 

2 261 

2 121 



1 838 
8 093 
4 400 
111 409 
1 288 
74 731 

1 271 
105 392 

1 388 

162 494 

938 

147 616 

702 
139 143 

526 

125 145 

1 363 

482 939 



2 015 
9 316 
4 822 
122 229 
1 299 
75 607 

1 454 

120 181 

1 508 

176 285 

1 002 

157 713 



159 512 

581 

138 427 



523 218 

252 

329 990 



11 960 

13 672 

1 346 913 

1 528 994 

5 435 

5 717 

189 466 

197 257 



3 138 
208 512 
72 969 



1 243 
51 668 
22 016 



240 

276 

48 941 

52 552 



1 701 

21 

1 252 

42 
3 400 

47 
5 549 

22 
3 527 

20 



2 


157 




35 


12 


16B 




14 


a 


045 




3 


3 


562 




3 


7 


1/4 



259 
21 470 
19 797 



332 348 

212 497 

3 961 

3 299 



3 184 

16 
3 868 



512 
573 

26 473 

27 124 

465 

530 

17 445 

20 226 



357 755 

346 851 

3 290 

3 383 



5 


163 




20 


4 


749 




3? 


10 


2/8 




20 


13 


286 


9 


21? 




4 


12 


397 




17? 




841 




417 


in 


475 




7? 


4 


152 




90 


7 


586 




80 


9 


191 




42 


6 


566 




30 


h 


95H 




27 


6 


370 



15 070 

22 

14 860 
9 

(D) 
2 

(D) 



464 

668 

41 261 

49 243 



237 760 

173 984 

2 933 



660 

266 

o 685 



457 

654 

22 225 

26 918 

432 

633 

13 560 

19 137 



347 781 

304 960 

1 646 



3 891 

61 

4 980 

43 
4 984 

26 
4 109 

33 

6 563 

30 

7 102 



629 
110 467 
107 719 



613 
97 934 
103 643 



I 238 

1 316 

166 745 

175 607 



339 077 

282 284 

2 449 

2 048 



6 559 

119 
9 866 

121 

14 169 

95 

14 860 

55 

10 941 
33 

7 884 



1 011 

1 112 

103 965 

115 636 



626 
16 148 
16 874 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 155 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

Land in farms acres. 

} size of farm acres. 



1987, 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



. 1987. 
1982. 

Average per acre dollars, 1987. 

1982- 



10 to 49 acres . 
50 to 69 acres . 



70 to 99 acres ... 
100 to 139 acres. 
140 to 179 acres. 

180 to 219 acres. 
220 to 259 acres - 
260 to 499 acres . 



500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres. 
2.000 acres or more _ 



farms., 
acres., 
farms, 
acres., 
farms., 
acres.. 

farms., 
acres., 
farms- 
acres., 
farms., 
acres.. 

farms- 

acres.. 
. farms.. 

acres.. 
. farms- 

acres- 

. farms., 
acres.. 
farms- 
acres., 
farms., 
acres- 



10 to 49 acres . 
50 to 69 acres . 



70 to 99 acres — - 
100 to 139 acres. 
140 to 179 acres - 

180 to 219 aci 
220 10 259 aci 



farms- 
acres - 
farms- 
acres. 



farms., 
acres., 
farms., 
acres.. 

farms., 
acres., 
farms.. 



260 to 499 acres - farms.. 



500 to 999 acres farms. 

acres. 
1,000 to 1.999 acres farms.. 

acres., 
2.000 acres or more farms. 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 



Total cropland farms, 19 



Harvested cropland far 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing . 



, 1987. 

1982. 
, 1987. 

1982. 



Other cropland fai 



Cropland in ::over crops, legumes, and 
soil-improvement grasses, not fiarvested 
and not pastured farms. 



See footnoffis at end of table. 



746 
67 655 
83 598 



232 767 

226 794 

2 334 

1 999 



360 

203 

5 014 



595 

243 

6 184 



287 
10 962 
7 853 



438 
125 019 
139 416 



456 990 
530 600 

1 410 



1 739 

36 

2 122 

40 

3 426 

38 

4 390 



420 302 

341 242 

2 534 



460 

373 

9 780 



21 825 

88 
17 346 

81 

19 274 

180 

63 433 

60 
39 248 



1 380 

182 838 

187 201 

1 240 

1 289 

135 370 

145 148 



670 

695 

121 529 

126 973 



660 
58 076 
58 954 



625 
»39 257 
39 662 



344 590 

279 568 

2 907 

1 986 



355 

246 

6 445 



619 

672 

51 447 

65 317 

377 

430 

13 017 

16 718 



446 488 

346 504 

4 017 

3 357 



1 894 

8 

1 519 

4 

944 

20 

7 Oil 

18 
12 314 
10 
(Dl 
2 
(D) 

62 



374 

133 597 

134 543 



923 353 

946 914 

2 458 



156 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, 



introductory text] 



Queen Anne's 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number, 1987. 

1982. 
Land in farms -.acres. 1987. 

1982. 
Average size of farm acres. 1987, 

1982. 

Value of land and buildings^: 

Average per farm dollars. 1987. 

1982. 
Average per acre dollars. 1987. 

1982. 

Approximate land area acres. 1987. 

Proportion in farms percent. 1987. 

1987 size of farm; 
1 to 9 acres _- farms. 

acres. 
10 to 49 acres farms. 

acres. 
50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres. 

70 to 99 acres famis. 

acres. 
100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

acres. 
220 to 259 acres _ farms. 

acres. 
260 to 499 acres farms, 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres -_ _ farms. 

acres. 
1.000 to 1.999 acres farms. 

acres. 
2.000 acres or more __ farms. 

acres. 

1982 size ot farm: 
1 to 9 acres _ farms. 

acres. 
10 to 49 acres _ farms. 

acres. 
50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres. 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres. 
100 to 139 acres ._ __ farms. 

acres. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

220 to 259 acres - farms. 

acres- 

260 to 499 acres _ farms. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres __ farms. 

acres. 
1.000 to 1.999 acres farms, 

acres. 
2,000 acres or more farms. 

acres - 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 



Total cropland ..farms, 

Harvested cropland farms, 

acres, 

Cropland used only for pasture or grazing farms, 

acres, 

Other cropland farms, 

acres. 

Cropland in cover crops, legumes, and 
soil improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured - -.farms, 

acres 
See footnotes at end of table 



1982., 
1987,. 
1982., 



1982. 
1987_ 



1987. 
1982. 
1987- 
1982. 



767 
62 308 
75 406 



220 789 
457 382 

3 239 

4 332 



613 

274 

6 434 



263 
267 

6 386 

7 000 



680 385 
736 173 

1 959 

2 019 



1 759 

25 

1 425 



4 770 


7 130 


13 


23 


3 196 


5 442 


33 


72 


1 081 


25 899 


17 


59 


(D) 


39 173 


1 


42 


(D) 


55 586 


1 


9 


(D) 


23 314 


164 


40 


717 


206 


269 


62 


6 463 


2 116 



626 


436 


722 


465 


35 079 


142 148 


39 231 


134 909 


563 


408 


676 


452 


22 768 


114 736 


26 068 


129 719 



216 780 

190 184 

2 085 

1 878 



8 763 

23 

5 350 



902 
32 724 
39 779 



318 

266 

8 920 

6 547 



406 

413 

64 305 

61 654 



256 596 

215 794 

1 302 

1 477 



3 302 


25 


2 746 


22 


3 516 


15 


2 963 


10 


2 316 


41 


14 660 


26 


16 882 


9 


13 226 



920 090 

749 177 

2 364 

2 406 



1 387 

33 

12 545 

29 
19 705 

23 
30 360 

32 166 
21 



20 293 

32 

21 765 

24 

33 687 

9 

23 991 



962 
137 529 
145 983 



11 644 

79 

12 538 

72 
14 224 

51 

12 140 

109 

37 065 

37 
23 675 



355 

244 

6 366 



849 

904 

103 055 

105 429 



840 
77 744 
82 254 



5 904 

57 

3 274 



7 157 

17 

4 035 

60 
20 994 

42 
29 534 



580 
61 594 
76 328 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 157 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



Anne Arundel 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE -Con. 

Total cropfand-Con. 
Other cropland-Con, 
Cropland on wtiich all crops failed 



Cropland in cultivated summer fallow farms. 



Cropland idle _ farms, 



Total woodland- 



Woodland pastured _ 



- farms, 
acres, 



_ farms, 
acres. 



Woodland not pastured . 



- farms, 
acres, 



Otfier land farms, 



Pastureland. all types . 



_ farms, 
acres, 

_ farms, 
acres. 



1987, 
1982- 
1987- 
1982. 

1987., 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 



1982. 
1987-, 



1982- 
19B7-. 
1982-, 

1987- 



292 
215 

11 028 
4 320 

2 902 

1 903 
128 660 

42 425 

7 949 

8 967 
423 626 
600 002 

2 384 
2 484 

71 353 
68 740 

6 759 

7 745 
352 273 
431 262 

10 809 

12 058 
228 112 
258 506 

2 942 

2 757 

103 655 

111 734 

10 037 

11 456 
124 457 
146 772 

8 043 
8 311 

364 474 
377 731 



219 
21 915 
23 968 



219 

(D) 

20 195 



272 

260 

10 539 

10 541 

429 
446 

4 510 

5 399 



406 

427 

3 041 

3 819 

257 
242 

6 870 

7 354 



259 

242 

6 679 



712 

4 829 

5 921 



293 

375 

13 997 

16 087 



263 

326 

12 258 

14 538 



315 

344 

16 282 

18 024 

413 

489 

4 070 

4 893 



403 

480 

3 502 

3 927 



BOO 
17 004 
19 605 



588 

685 

13 639 

16 531 



1 080 
19 435 
19 469 



1 007 
8 354 
8 856 



976 
30 594 
30 561 



294 

313 

10 873 

13 175 



408 
9 416 
13 044 



See footnotes at end of table. 



158 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE-Con. 

Total cropland-Con 
Other cropland-Con 
Cropland on wtiich all crops tailed farms. 



Cropland in cultivated 



fallow farms, 

acres. 



Cropland idle farms. 



Total woodland farms. 



Woodland pastured farms. 



Woodland not pastured _ farms. 



- farms, 
acres. 



- farms, 
acres, 



Pastureland. all types farms, 

acres, 



Cropland placed under the conservation 

reserve program farms, 

acres. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



206 

162 

6 664 

3 562 



364 

418 

24 028 

28 544 



325 

369 

21 097 

24 993 

449 

558 

7 761 

11 682 



262 

(D) 
8 803 



605 

670 

18 448 

20 979 



I 146 

28 142 

29 358 

418 
377 

16 638 

17 593 

969 
1 082 
11 504 
11 765 

1 144 

1 154 

59 047 

61 622 



288 
330 

12 801 

13 927 



443 
31 788 
36 113 



17 979 
257 



459 

544 

14 124 

20 253 



470 
12 091 
17 401 

617 
637 

12 846 

13 850 



633 
22 320 
27 166 



4 


390 


1 


194 




190 




?,')8 


H 


r.u 


7 


265 




65 




100 




895 


1 


428 




156 




178 


h 


?4? 


b 


83/ 




.147 




;)Bh 


K 


193 


7 


557 




129 




1?B 


:■ 


356 


4 


936 




,314 




350 


? 


837 


2 


621 




317 




335 


? 


763 


3 


094 



456 

448 
21 639 
24 401 



See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 159 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and synibois 



introductory text] 



Queen Anne's 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 

USE -Con. 

Total cropland-Con. 
Other cropland-Con. 
Cropland on which all crops failed farms. 



Cropland in cultivated summer fallow farms, 

acres. 



Cropland idle farms. 



Total woodland farms. 



Woodland pastured farms. 



Woodland not pastured farms, 



Other land farms, 



Pastureland, all types farms, 

acres, 



Cropland diverted under annual commodity 
acreage adjustment programs farms. 



Cropland placed under the conservation 

resen/e program farms, 

acres. 



1982. 
1987_ 
1982_ 

1987_ 
1982. 
1987_, 
1982. 

1987. 
1982- 
1987_ 
1982. 

1987. 
1982- 
1987. 
1982. 



1987., 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987- 
1982- 



3 


48 1 


4 


580 




3S1 




40? 


17 


776 


24 


094 




108 




»y 


S 


997 


2 


690 




308 




350 


11 


779 


21 


404 




479 




5i"i 


9 


453 


12 


081 



455 

555 

6 559 

9 922 

279 

270 

14 816 

11 012 



272 
18 448 
26 420 



280 

336 

5 577 

3 900 



376 

472 
23 398 
33 716 



609 
5 354 
8 022 

298 

288 

10 097 

12 157 



310 

308 

5 311 

4 542 



300 

303 

4 734 

4 133 





405 


1 


295 




131 




Ifi? 


1? 


?5fi 


15 


353 




178 




??1 


4 


3H3 


5 


085 



220 
3 115 
3 892 



423 

470 

16 276 

20 003 



209 
4 480 
4 298 

309 

356 

11 796 

15 705 



302 
280 

12 714 

13 270 

569 

658 

5 484 

7 281 



4 925 


1 709 


333 


380 


18 957 


22 040 


40 


54 


1 985 


1 299 


308 


346 


16 972 


20 741 


553 


596 


6 911 


9 051 


46 


37 


1 228 


1 418 


538 


588 


5 683 


7 633 


155 


159 


5 153 


3 875 



418 

416 

6 654 

6 617 



'Data are based on a sample of farms, see text. 



160 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 



|For meaning o! abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 



Farms witli harvested cropland 



Farms _ number, 1987-. 

1982-- 

acres harvested, 1987.. 

1982.. 

HARVESTED CROPLAND BY SIZE 
OF FARM 

1 987 size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres - - farms, _ 

acres harvested- _ 
10 to 49 acres .- -- farms.. 

acres harvested.. 
50 to 69 acres -- farms.- 

acres harvested. . 

70 to 99 acres --- farms.. 

acres harvested- . 
100 to 139 acres - - - farms-- 

acres harvested-. 
140 to 179 acres - - farms-. 

acres harvested.. 

180 to 219 acres farms.. 

acres harvested .- 
220 to 259 acres- --- farms-- 

acres harvested -- 
260 to 499 acres - farms-. 

acres harvested. . 

500 to 999 acres - - farms.. 

acres harvested. . 
1,000 to 1,999 acres -- farms.. 

acres harvested .. 
2.000 acres or more farms-. 

acres harvested.. 
1 982 size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres - farms.. 

acres harvested.. 
10 to 49 acres .- - --- farms-. 

acres harvested-. 
50 to 69 acres - - farms,. 

acres harvested-. 

70 to 99 acres farms,. 

acres harvested,. 
100 to 139 acres farms,. 

acres han/esled.. 
140 to 179 acres farms.. 

acres harvested.. 

180 to 219 acres , , farms.. 

acres harvested., 
220 to 259 acres _, „ „ farms, 

acres han/ested,. 
260 to 499 acres „ farms, 

acres harvested, 

500 to 999 acres , ,, farms, 

acres harvested, 

1.000 to 1,999 acres farms, 

acres harvested, 

2.000 acres Of more farms, 

acres harvested, 



HARVESTED CROPLAND BY ACRES 
HARVESTED 

1 987 acres harvested; 
1 to 9 acres farms,, 

acres,. 
10 to 19 acres ,, farms.. 

acres.. 
20 to 29 acres ,, farms., 

acres,. 

30 to 49 acres farms.. 

acres— 
50 to 99 acres farms,. 

acres, - 
100 to 199 acres farms,. 

acres.. 

200 to 499 acres, - farms.. 

acres.. 
500 to 999 acres farms.. 

1,000 acres or more farms,. 

acres.. 
1 982 acres harvested: 

1 to 9 acres farms,- 

acres,. 

10 to 19 acres farms.. 

acres.. 

20 to 29 acres farms- 
acres, 

30 to 49 acres farms,. 

acres.. 
50 to 99 acres farms. 

100 to 199 acres — , (arms., 

acres- 
200 to 499 acres „ farms. 

acres. 
500 to 999 acres.,, farms, 

acres. 
1,000 acres or more farms, 

acres. 



11 960 

13 672 

1 346 913 

1 528 994 



2 646 

3 216 
42 185 

1 083 
30 087 

1 119 
45 694 

1 273 

72 835 

884 

70 372 



503 

66 901 

1 329 

274 994 

690 

284 322 

281 

253 939 



1 156 
3 738 
3 737 

50 551 
1 141 

32 974 
1 325 

53 466 
1 401 

84 424 
947 

80 329 
763 



79 467 

1 549 

335 303 

779 

349 630 

248 

239 843 



Anne Arundel 



2 559 


37 


11 117 


173 


1 713 


26 


22 770 


370 


1 149 


28 


26 693 


624 


1 423 


51 


53 713 


1 898 


1 774 


37 


122 781 


2 460 


1 602 


20 


223 981 


2 648 


1 204 


4 


369 711 


(D) 


368 


2 


243 133 


(D) 


178 




273 014 


- 


3 043 


37 


13 117 


198 


1 985 


38 


26 608 


507 


1 231 


40 


28 748 


864 


1 574 


54 


59 143 


1 970 


1 992 


41 


138 164 


2 520 


1 802 


10 


251 813 


1 250 


1 436 


10 


434 215 


(D) 


427 


1 


289 145 


(D) 



465 

530 

17 445 

20 226 



263 

234 

2 940 



307 

287 

3 968 



613 
97 934 
103 643 



2 231 

63 

3 691 

71 

5 896 

34 

4 063 

33 

5 141 

26 
4 612 



28 992 

19 

20 773 



12 487 

108 

34 566 

34 

23 236 

14 

17 964 

75 
398 



1 Oil 

1 112 

103 965 

115 636 



7 453 
54 

6 350 
33 

5 001 

20 609 

42 

20 131 



9 332 

60 

8 081 

38 

5 936 

108 

25 332 

36 

18 143 

12 

14 618 

3 

12 773 



2 467 

131 

4 933 

186 

13 083 

171 

23 774 

102 

29 808 

19 

12 976 

12 

25 084 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 161 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982- Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with tiarvested cropland 



100 to 139 aci 
140 to 179 aci 
180 to 219 aci 
220 to 259 aci 
260 to 499 aci 
SCO to 999 aci 
1,000 to 1,999 
2,000 acres oi 



Farms.. number, 1987. 

1982. 

acres harvested, 1987. 

1982- 

HARVESTED CROPLAND BY SIZE 
OF FARM 

1987 size ol farm: 

1 to 9 acres farms.. 

acres harvested.. 

10 to 49 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 

50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 

farms. 

acres harvested. 

farms. 

acres harvested. 

farms. 

acres harvested 

tarmc 

acres harvested 

farms 

acres harvested 

^res farms 

acres harvested 

J acres farms 

acres harvested 

r more farms 

acres harvested. 
1982 Size of farm: 

1 to 9 acres farms. 

acres han/ested. 

10 to 49 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 

50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres han/ested. 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 
100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

acres harvested 
220 to 259 acres farms 

acres harvested 
260 to 499 acres farms 

acres harvested 
600 to 999 acres farms 

acres harvested 
1,000 to 1,999 acres farms, 

acres harvested 
2,000 acres or more farms, 

acres harvested 



HARVESTED CROPLAND BY ACRES 
HARVESTED 

1987 acres harvested: 
1 to 9 acres 

10 to 19 acres 

20 to 29 acres 

30 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

1 982 acres harvested: 
1 to 9 acres 

10 to 19 acres _., 

20 to 29 acres 

30 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres , 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 



farms- 
acres. 
farms, 
acres, 
farms- 
acres. 

acres, 
farms, 
acres. 

acres. 

farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres- 

farms. 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms 
acres 
farms, 
acres 
farms 
acres 

acres 
farms, 
acres 



687 
20 603 
30 722 



377 

217 

2 775 



6 544 

5 

4 474 



19 809 

34 

21 746 



1 240 

1 289 

135 370 

145 148 



15 712 

247 

35 147 



16 671 

285 

39 499 



625 
39 257 
39 662 



619 

672 

51 447 

65 317 



2 176 
65 

2 543 

70 

3 697 

37 

3 162 

21 

1 962 

25 

2 902 

60 

11 332 

31 

12 627 



6 645 

70 

10 230 

50 

15 808 

12 

(D) 

2 

(13) 

120 
537 



272 


332 


341 


354 


27 810 


88 997 


31 855 


106 836 



162 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982- Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with harvested cropland 



Farms number. 1987. 

1962. 

acres harvested, 1987. 

1982- 

HARVESTED CROPLAND BY SIZE 
OF FARM 

1987 size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres farms. 

acres harvested.. 
10 to 49 acres farms., 

acres harvested. 
50 to 69 acres _ farms. 

acre^ harvested. 
70 to 99 acres - -_ (arms. 

acres harvested.. 
100 to I39acres--. farms.. 

acres harvested. 
140 to 179 acres (arms. 

acres harvested, 
180 to 219 acres farms, 

acres harvested. 
220 to 259 acres... farms. 

acres harvested. 
260 to 499 acres farms. 

acres han/ested. 
500 to 999 acres... farms. 

acres han/ested. 
1.000 to 1,999 acres farms, 

acres harvested 
2.000 acres or more farms. 

acres harvested. 
1982 size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres farms. 

acres harvested. 
10 to 49 acres _._ _ ._ farms. 

acres harvested 
50 to 69 acres _ farms. 

acres harvested 
70 to 99 acres _ __ farms. 

acres harvested 
100 to 139 acres farms, 

acres harvested 
140 to 179 acres farms, 

acres harvested 
180 to 219 acres _ farms. 

acres harvested. 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres harvested, 
260 to 499 acres farms, 

acres harvested 
500 to 999 acres farms, 

acres heirvested. 
1.000 to 1.999 acres farms, 

acres harvested, 
2.000 acres or more farms. 

acres han/ested. 



HARVESTED CROPLAND BY ACRES 
HARVESTED 



1987 acres harvested: 
1 to 9 acres _ 

10 to 19 acres 

20 to 29 acres 

30 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres... 

200 to 499 acres ___ 

500 to 999 acres... 

1,000 acres or more 

1982 acres harvested: 
1 to 9 acres 

10 to 19 acres 

20 to 29 acres 

30 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres... 

200 to 499 acres... 

500 to 999 acres ___ 

1.000 acres or more 



farms., 
acres., 
farms, 
acres.. 

acres - 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms. 
acres. 

farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres. 

(arms, 
acres, 
farms, 
acres- 
farms.. 
acres., 
farms. 
acres, 
farms. 
acres. 

acres, 
farms - 
acres, 
farms. 
acres, 
farms, 
acres - 



676 
22 768 
26 068 



408 

452 

114 736 

129 719 



718 

902 

32 724 

39 779 



286 

213 

2 696 



2 115 


1 282 


39 


40 


6 253 


8 634 


18 


25 


4 973 


9 680 


4 


8 


1 144 


9 748 



305 

38 245 

39 566 



782 

840 

77 744 

82 254 



76 

6 787 

69 

8 384 

51 

7 977 
108 

22 979 

37 

11 977 

8 

5 460 



7 967 
198 

27 918 
94 

26 786 
12 

8 456 



580 
61 594 
76 328 



55 

2 115 

84 

5 849 

66 

9 220 

67 

20 803 

23 

15 336 

5 

6 096 

74 
329 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 163 



Table 7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irrigation 



Farms number, 1987_. 

1982.. 
Land in irrigated farms ..acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Harvested cropland farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
acres, 1987. 
1982, 
Ottier cropland, excluding cropland 

pastured farms, 1987.. 

1982., 

acres. 1987,. 

1982. 



Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured . 



.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 



Irrigated land — acres. 1987.. 

1982,- 

Harvested cropland farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987., 

1982., 



Pastureland and ottier land farms. 1987,, 

1982.. 
acres. 1987.. 
1982.. 
1 987 trngated acres by size of farm: 

1 to 9 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 

10 to 49 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated., 

50 to 69 acres farms., 

acres irrigated., 

70 to 99 acres farms,, 

acres irngated.. 

100 to 139 acres farms.. 

acres irngated.. 

140 to 179 acres farms,, 

acres irrigated,, 

180 to 219 acres farms,. 

acres irngated.. 
220 to 259 acres farms. . 

acres irrigated.. 
260 to 499 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated,, 

500 to 999 acres larms,. 

acres irrigated 
1,000 to 1.999 acres farms 

acres irngated 
2.000 acres or more .,. , farms 

acres irngated 

1 982 irrigated acres by size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres (arms 

acres irrigated 
10 to 49 acres farms 

acres irngated 
50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 

70 to 99 acres farms, 

acres irrigated. 

100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 

140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 
260 to 499 acres farms. 

acres irrigated, 

500 to 999 acres farms, 

acres irrigated, 

1.000 to 1.999 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

2.000 acres or more farms. 

acres irrigated. 



1 074 

845 

260 493 

218 246 



220 
27 233 
6 649 



50 762 
38 556 
1 040 
826 
50 077 
38 219 



368 

272 

1 847 



Anne Arundel 



164 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982- Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irngation 



Farms number, 1987. 

1982. 
Land in irrigated farms acres. 1987. 



Harvested cropland farms. 1987.. 

1982-- 
acres. 1987.. 
1982.. 
Otfier cropland, excluding cropland 

pastured farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 



Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured - 



.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 



Irrigated land acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Harvested cropland farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 



Pastureland and other land ..farms. 1987 

1982 
acres. 1987 
1982 
1987 imgated acres by size of farm: 

1 to 9 acres farms 

acres Imgated 

10 to 49 acres farms 

acres imgated 

50 to 69 acres farms 

acres irhgated 

70 to 99 acres .-_ farms.. 

acres imgated-. 
100 to 139 acres farms.. 

acres imgated.. 
140 to 179 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 

180 to 219 acres farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 
220 to 259 acres _ farms.. 

acres irrigated.. 
260 to 499 acres farms.. 

acres imgated.. 

500 to 999 acres farms.. 

acres irngated.. 
1.000 to 1.999 acres farms.. 

acres irngated.. 
2.000 acres or more farms.. 

acres irngated.. 

1 982 irngated acres by size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres farms.. 

acres imgated.. 
10 to 49 acres farms.. 

acres imgated.. 
50 to 69 acres farms.. 

acres imgated.. 

70 to 99 acres farms., 

acres irrigated., 

100 to 139 acres. __ farms., 

acres imgated., 

140 to 179 acres farms., 

acres irngated., 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

acres irngated-, 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres imgated.. 



acres irngated. 

500 to 999 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 
1.000 to 1.999 acres farmS- 

acres irnqated. 
2.000 acres or more farms. 

acres irngated . 



2 293 

4 

1 590 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 165 



Table 7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irrigation 



Queen Anne's 



Farms number, 1987. 

1982. 
Land in irrigated farms acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 
1982. 
Other cropland, excluding cropland 

pastured .- farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Pastureland, excluding woodland pastured farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated land. acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Pastureland and other land,..j farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres. 1987. 
1982. 
1987 irngated acres by size of farm: 

1 to 9 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

10 to 49 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

180 to 219 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
260 to 499 acres- _ farms. 

acres Irrigated. 

500 to 999 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
1,000 to 1,999 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
2.000 acres or more farms. 

acres irrigated. 

1982 irrigated acres by size of farm: 
1 to 9 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 
10 to 49 acres farms. 

acres irngated. 
50 to 69 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

70 to 99 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
100 to 139 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 
140 to 179 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

180 to 219 acres ___ farms. 

acres irrigated. 
220 to 259 acres farms. 

acres irrigated . 
260 to 499 acres farms. 

acres irrigated. 

500 to 999 acres ___ farms. 

acres irrigated. 
1,000 to 1,999 acres ._ farms. 

acres irrigated. 
2,000 acres or more farms. 

acres irngated. 



11 


R?n 


6 


593 




n? 




?4 


7 


996 


4 


/b2 



16? 


263 


166 


588 


6S? 


4 967 


1?6 


3 910 


as 


82 


1? 


84 


(U) 


4 902 


(L)) 


3 903 


? 


4 


1 


3 


(U) 


65 


(U) 


7 



(D) 

2 

(D) 

19 

1 401 

10 



166 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Anne Arundel 



VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment farms. 1987_. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982. 

Average per farm.. dollars. 1987.. 

1982.. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9.999 1987.. 

1982. 

$10,000 to $19.999 '- 1987.. 

1982. 

$20,000 10 $29,999 1987.. 

1982. 

$30,000 to $49,999 1987.. 

1982. 

$50,000 to $69,999 1987.. 

1982. 

$70,000 to $99,999 1987.. 

1982. 

$100 000 10 $199,999 1987.. 

1982. 

$200,000 or more 1987. 

1982. 

$200,000 to $499,999 1987. 

$500,000 or more 1987. 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 



fvlotonrucks, including pickups farms, 

number, 

Wtieel tractors farms, 

number. 

Less tfian 40 fiorsepower (PTO) ...farms, 

number. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms, 

number. 
Gram and bean combines' farms, 

number, 
Cottonpickers and stnppers farms, 

number, 
fvlower conditioners farms, 

number. 
Pickup balers farms, 

number, 

1987 INVENTORY 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1982. 
1987.. 
1982. 
1987.. 
1987.. 
1987.. 
1987.. 
1987.. 
1982. 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987.. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982- 
1987. 
1962. 



(vlanufactured 1983 to 1987; 

f^otortrucks, inctuding pickups farms.. 

number.. 

Wheel tractors farms.. 

number.. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms.. 

number.. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number.. 

Grain and bean combines farms. 

number. 

Cottonpickers and stnppers... farms, 

number. 

Mower conditioners farms. 

number. 

Pickup balers farms. 

number, 
tvlanufactured pnor to 1983- 

fvlotonrucks. including pickups farms. 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms- 
number. 

Gram and bean combines farms. 

number. 

Cottonpickers and strippers farms. 

number, 
fvlower conditioners farms. 

number- 
Pickup balers larms. 

number. 



657 693 
660 519 
44 656 
40 853 

4 273 

5 082 

2 968 

3 397 

1 915 

2 001 
1 748 
1 739 
1 130 
1 297 



12 207 

13 445 

24 323 

25 950 

13 505 

14 278 
37 672 
36 951 

9 781 
16 629 

8 892 
21 043 

3 215 

2 950 

3 579 
3 279 



4 970 

4 625 

5 638 
5 136 
5 225 

5 304 

6 126 
5 719 



1 862 

1 702 

2 318 



1 


165 


1 


?B7 




941 


1 


061 


9 


856 


Ifi 


624 


1? 


465 


■.v.] 


492 


H 


736 


14 


/67 


H 


2/4 


1H 


/25 


? 


83? 


3 


079 


3 


970 


4 


3/1 


4 


524 


5 


065 



239 
276 
6 012 
5 018 
25 156 
18 180 

72 



566 
597 
14 934 
12 877 
26 385 
21 570 



1 398 

1 319 

470 



34 033 
29 772 
37 773 
29 624 



820 
2 267 
2 076 

640 



15 725 
15 073 
33 964 
22 564 



364 
614 
1 055 
1 582 
303 
662 
203 
393 
84 



36 370 
34 762 
57 186 
48 014 



307 
527 
450 
1 164 
278 
211 



1 229 
531 

1 546 
282 
470 
446 

1 076 
267 
292 



1 237 
1 316 
54 318 
52 055 
43 911 
39 555 

366 



1 014 
1 133 
1 866 
1 827 
1 177 
1 190 
3 189 
3 142 
833 



822 
1 425 

1 093 

2 758 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 167 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



1 sample of tarms- For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



introductory text] 



VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment farms. 1987, 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

Average per farm dollars, 1987, 

1982. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9,999 1987., 

1982. 

$10,000 to $19,999 1987., 

1982. 

$20,000 to $29.999 1987., 

1982. 

$30,000 to $49,999.. 1987., 

1982. 

$50,000 to $69.999.. 1987., 

1982., 

$70,000 to $99.999 1987., 

1982. 

$100,000 to $199,999. 1987., 

1982. 

$200,000 or more 1987., 

1982. 

$200,000 to $499,999 1987., 

$500,000 or more l 1987., 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 



fvlotortrucks, including pickups tarms, 1987, 

1982. 
number. 1987. 



Wtieel tractors farms, 

number. 



Less tfian 40 tiorsepower (PTO) farms, 

number, 

40 hiorsepower (PTO) or more farms, 

number. 
Grain and bean combines^ farms, 

number, 
Cottonpickers and strippers farms, 

number. 
Mower conditioners farms, 

number. 
Pickup balers farms, 

number. 



1982- 
1987. 
1987. 
1987. 
1987. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987 INVENTORY 

Manufactured 1983 to 1987: 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number. 
Wheel tractors farms- 
number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number- 

Grain and bean combines farms. 

number. 

Cottonpickers and stnppers farms. 

number. 
Mower conditioners farms- 

number. 
Pickup balers farms. 

number- 
Manufactured pnor to 1 983: 
Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

number- 
Wheel tractors farms. 

number- 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) - farms- 

number- 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms- 

number- 
Grain and bean combines farms- 

number. 

Cottonpickers and stnppers.. ^ farms- 
number. 

Mower conditioners farms, 

number. 

Pickup balers farms. 

number. 



19 666 
19 311 
32 667 
25 886 



535 

683 

1 438 



28 904 

29 855 
73 734 
68 162 



367 

384 

1 023 

1 088 

360 

404 

1 325 

1 224 

268 

418 

301 

907 

187 

219 

206 

265 



1 433 
1 463 
70 811 
73 345 

49 415 

50 133 

428 



1 190 

1 289 

2 016 

3 376 
1 334 
1 349 

4 293 
4 189 

964 

1 651 
977 

2 642 
197 
176 



671 
694 
23 763 
17 964 
35 414 
25 884 

154 



697 
720 
647 
616 
1 710 
1 324 
455 
740 



953 


395 


1 492 


483 


1 245 


600 


3 740 


1 530 


852 


430 


1 437 


666 



752 
800 
30 081 
27 976 
40 001 
34 970 

238 



1 088 
668 
733 
1 772 
1 861 
519 
814 
436 
958 
83 



825 


376 


353 


825 


336 


358 


935 


397 


389 


896 


344 


370 


835 


452 


345 


961 


465 


370 


1 003 


519 


410 


1 026 


478 


404 



14 035 
13 741 
32 489 



35 194 
86 200 
94 102 



See footnotes at end of table. 



168 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982- Con. 

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meanirig of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



VALUE OF MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment farms, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982- 

Average per farm dollars, 1987. 

1982. 
Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9,999 1987. 

1982. 

$10,000 to $19,999 1987. 

1982. 

$20,000 to $29,999.. 1987. 

1982, 

$30,000 to $49.999 _ 1987. 

1982. 

$60,000 to $69.999 1987. 

1982. 

$70,000 to S99.999 1987. 

1982. 

$100,000 to $199,999... 1987. 

1982. 

$200,000 or more 1987. 

1982. 

$200,000 to $499,999 1987. 

$500,000 or more 1987. 

SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT 



Motortrucks, including pickups farms, 

number, 

Wfieel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number, 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 
Grain and bean combines' farms. 

number, 

Cottonpickers and strippers farms. 

number. 

fvlower conditioners farms, 

number. 

Pickup balers farms. 

number. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982.. 
1987. 
1962.. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987 INVENTORY 

Ivlanufactured 1983 to 1987: 

fvlotortrucks. including pickups farms 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms. 

number. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms. 

number. 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 

number. 

Grain and bean combines _ farms. 

number 

Cottonpickers and strippers farms.. 

number., 
fvlower conditioners farms.. 

number.. 
Pickup balers farms.. 

number., 
f^anufactured pnor to 1983: 
fulolorlrucks, including pickups farms.. 

number.. 
Wheel tractors farms.. 

number.. 
Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms.. 

number.. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms.. 

number.. 
Gram and bean combines „ farms.. 

number.. 

Cottonpickers and stnppers farms 

number 

flower conditioners farms 

number 

Pickup balers farms 

number. 



16 292 
15 440 
23 853 
20 130 



627 

682 

1 274 

1 658 



451 
490 
30 714 
37 683 
68 102 
76 904 

109 



1 054 

1 111 

438 

421 

1 215 

1 305 

219 

304 

346 

911 

205 



322 

800 

409 

1 108 



753 
940 
17 577 
24 507 
23 343 
26 071 



850 
1 820 
1 947 



819 

689 

1 651 



22 495 

17 839 
55 406 
43 195 



328 

1 095 

852 

222 



22 098 
22 959 
79 204 
65 597 



276 

293 

1 030 

843 



906 

962 

46 054 

40 248 
50 833 

41 837 

269 



2 529 

2 233 

589 

982 



35 898 
37 293 
46 380 
44 291 



1 769 

1 840 

466 



'Data for 1982 include self-propelled only. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 169 



Table 9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 



[Data are based on a sample of farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Chemicals used 



Anne Arundel 



Commercial fertilizer farms, 

acres on which used. 

Cropland fertilized, except pastureland farms, 

acres on which used, 

Pastureland and rangeland fertilized farms, 

acres on which used. 

Lime farms, 

acres on which used, 

tons. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumlgants. etc.. to 
control — 
Insects on hay and other crops farms. 

acres on which used. 



Nematodes in crops . 



. farms. 

acres on which used 



Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 

acres on which used. 



acres on which used. 



acres on which used. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982., 



1987., 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982.. 



10 292 

11 860 
1 135 625 
1 308 360 

9 618 

11 306 

1 092 627 

1 260 451 

1 873 
1 945 
42 998 



3 784 
5 331 
195 677 
287 331 
225 992 
328 561 



5 122 

5 876 

418 327 

552 061 



1 261 

1 480 

39 094 

65 044 

6 627 

7 129 
840 439 

941 057 



565 

605 

48 335 

52 340 



379 
619 

10 545 
15 121 



438 

464 

15 380 

15 061 



10 769 
12 326 
16 989 
16 733 



2 529 

4 478 

3 320 

4 471 



280 

262 

6 249 

6 807 



374 

278 

32 771 

32 013 



212 

238 

8 519 

12 270 



85 751 


88 831 


88 876 


101 544 


487 


804 


555 


879 


85 371 


84 883 


87 230 


97 633 


30 


168 


53 


183 


380 


3 948 


1 646 


3 911 


207 


334 


221 


393 


12 385 


14 632 


21 537 


18 764 


11 841 


21 053 


21 625 


27 847 


280 


323 


285 


335 


43 092 


25 447 


39 169 


34 256 


56 


12 


39 


18 


4 044 


375 


5 912 


599 


74 


82 


52 


60 


5 170' 


3 735 


4 557 


2 941 


424 


579 


411 


710 


79 043 


57 510 


69 491 


59 757 



Chemicals used 



Commercial fertilizer farms, 

acres on which used. 

Cropland fertilized, except pastureland farms, 

acres on which used 

Pastureland and rangeland fertilized farms, 

acres on which used. 

Lime farms, 

acres on which used, 

tons. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 
control — 
Insects on hay and other crops farms, 

acres on which used. 

Nematodes in crops farms, 

acres on which used. 

Diseases In crops and orchards farms, 

acres on which used, 



acres on which used. 



Chemicals used for defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 



acres on which used. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



459 

654 

16 522 

28 472 

443 

644 

16 013 

27 971 



138 
259 

4 977 
8 353 

5 539 
7 312 



212 

343 

3 470 

10 595 



11 799 
15 192 
10 955 
14 857 



1 067 

1 049 

118 819 

129 789 



1 003 
110 529 
119 160 



472 
19 783 
24 349 
22 101 
28 057 



510 
24 429 
23 500 



496 
22 265 
21 409 



6 438 
6 031 
9 917 
12 230 



208 

250 

9 149 

11 027 

12 037 
15 911 



270 

220 

14 946 

22 936 



5 923 
9 430 
5 914 
9 366 



11 
11 


373 
425 




11 


2 

1 


552 
711 



300 
11 240 
20 904 



108 
210 
12 421 
26 327 
12 610 
29 964 



209 
31 272 
63 384 



232 

213 

52 239 

75 536 



170 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[Data are based on a sample of farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Cfiemicals used 



Queen Anne's 



Commercial fertilizer . 



farms, 1987. 

1982- 

acres on wfiicti used, 1987. 

1982. 



Cropland fertilized, except pastureland farms, 

acres on wfiicti used, 

Pastureland and rangeland fertilized farms, 

acres on which used. 

Lime farms, 

acres on which used, 

tons. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to 
control— 
Insects on hay and other crops farms, 

acres on which used. 



Nematodes in crops . 



farms. 

acres on which used. 



1 crops and orchards farms. 

acres on which used. 



acres on which used. 



Chemicals used for defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 



acres on which used. 



1987. 
1962. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



141 
288 
3 757 
8 311 
3 167 
7 754 



427 
101 973 
122 199 



184 
270 
14 034 
22 697 
13 835 
22 874 



879 
23 532 
29 668 



4 524 
7 923 

5 260 
7 499 



226 
29 872 
29 460 

208 

226 

(D) 

29 253 



667 
65 397 
59 706 

609 

630 

62 296 

55 585 



216 
347 
12 092 
15 780 
14 256 
19 163 



422 
23 783 
26 509 



453 
37 587 
34 493 



466 
45 899 
60 794 



7 766 

8 463 

7 437 

8 594 



9 669 
10 976 

9 765 
10 324 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 171 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory Xex\] 



Characteristics 



Anne Arundel 



FARMS 

Land in farms . 



Harvested cropland _ 



farms 


1987.. 


14 776 




1982.. 


16 183 


acres 


1987.. 


2 396 629 




1982.. 


2 557 728 


farms 


1987.. 


11 960 




1982.. 


13 672 


acres 


1987.. 


1 346 913 




1982.. 


1 528 994 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 



1987. 
1982., 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987., 
1982. 
1987. 



Harvested cropland farms, 

Part owners farms. 

acres. 

Owned land in farms acres. 

Rented land in farms acres. 

Harvested cropland farms. 

Tenants farms. 

acres. 

Harvested cropland .farms, 

acres, 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 1987. 

1982. 
Not on farm operated 1987. 

1982. 
Not reported 1987., 

1982. 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 1987., 

1982., 
Other 1987., 

1982. 

Operators by days of work off farm: 
None 1987. 

1982. 
Any 1987. 

1982. 

1 to 49 days 1987. 

1982. 
50 to 99 days 1987., 

1982. 
100 to 149 days 1987. 

1982. 
150 to 199 days 1967. 

1982- 
200 days or more 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987., 

1982. 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 1987., 

1982. 

3 or 4 years 1987. 

1982. 
5 to 9 years 1987. 

1982. 
10 years or more. 1987. 

1982. 
Average years on present farm 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 



9 375 

9 926 

886 387 

990 656 

6 946 

7 799 
330 464 
402 897 



4 265 
1 202 858 
1 243 695 
536 482 
569 649 
666 376 
674 046 

3 482 

4 072 
800 932 



1 992 
307 384 
323 377 
1 532 
1 801 
215 517 
234 534 



1 


39? 


? 


?34 


? 


380 


2 


447 


1 


004 


1 


502 


7 


88? 


8 


740 



885 
5 504 
5 875 



706 

873 

1 000 

1 455 

2 306 
2 643 
8 210 
8 005 

18.6 
17.4 



240 
276 
48 941 
52 552 
205 
231 



61 
58 
21 016 
14 449 
13 321 
7 335 
7 695 
7 114 



567 

604 

42 413 

44 722 

465 

530 

17 445 

20 226 



381 

369 

23 354 

23 023 

298 

310 

6 568 

6 788 



7 492 
6 942 
9 143 



1 006 
92 806 
99 016 



34 356 

35 030 
382 



216 
227 
53 149 
51 892 
19 432 
19 953 
33 717 
31 939 

195 



633 
13 560 
19 137 



103 

170 

16 724 

20 292 

8 613 

9 073 
8 111 

11 219 



97 



636 

730 

132 804 

131 094 

532 

613 

97 934 

103 643 



377 

435 

38 726 

45 004 



196 
219 
76 146 
75 900 
32 760 
34 530 
43 386 
41 370 



1 112 
103 965 
115 636 



616 
53 005 
56 139 

584 



319 
362 
90 208 
96 025 
37 534 
40 968 
52 674 
55 057 

302 



?4? 


397 


600 


388 


431 


588 


??? 


239 


638 


280 


299 


728 


165 


262 


420 


?51 


279 


450 


?.S4 


314 


732 


346 


370 


795 



172 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Charactenstics 



Land in (arms . 



Harvested cropland . 



.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

.(arms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 

1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



Harvested cropland farms, 

acres. 

Part ovwners farms, 

acres. 

Owned land in farms acres. 

Rented land in farms acres. 

Harvested cropland _ farms. 



Tenants ._. farms. 



Harvested cropland farms. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 1987.. 

1982.. 
Not on farm operated 1987., 

1982.. 
Not reported 1987.. 

1982.. 

Operators by pnncipal occupation; 
Farming 1987.. 

1982. 
Other 1987. 

1982.. 

Operators by days of v^ork off farm; 
None 1987.. 

1982. 
Any 1987.. 

1982. 

1 to 49 days 1967., 

1982. 
50 to 99 days 1987.. 

1982. 
100 to 149 days 1987. 

1982. 
150 to 199 days 1987. 

1982. 
200 days or more 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987.. 

1982. 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 1987. 

1982.. 

3 or 4 years 1987. 

1982. 
5 to 9 years 1987. 

1982.. 
10 years or more 1987. 

1982- 
Average years on present farm 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 



687 
20 603 
30 722 



444 
39 277 
42 496 



16 157 
11 172 

17 343 



392 

438 

125 019 

139 416 

338 



1 439 

1 463 

236 350 

244 031 

1 240 

1 289 

135 370 

145 148 



215 


862 


35 987 


84 549 


40 606 


87 843 


167 


705 


178 


716 


16 768 


36 843 


22 707 


42 382 


134 


365 


163 


378 


77 293 


110 885 


81 999 


108 008 


34 941 


47 430 


45 288 


48 437 


42 352 


63 455 


36 711 


59 571 


131 


344 


161 


365 


56 793 


72 603 


59 933 


72 045 


41 


208 


60 


223 


11 739 


40 916 


16 811 


48 180 


40 


191 


59 


208 


10 387 


25 924 


16 205 


30 721 



423 

17 375 

18 959 

174 

176 
47 623 
40 503 
31 470 
26 159 
16 153 
14 344 



164 



99 948 

118 502 

619 



479 
38 977 
40 423 

394 



194 

249 

51 724 

62 535 

27 388 
34 175 
24 336 

28 360 



184 



432 


361 


472 


374 


54 041 


133 597 


55 171 


134 543 


272 


332 


341 


354 


27 810 


88 997 


31 855 


106 836 



330 

20 656 

21 119 
183 
230 

6 012 

7 115 



27 174 
24 873 
10 063 



92 
102 
57 913 
60 192 
21 173 
21 498 
36 740 
38 694 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTr' DATA 



MARYLAND 173 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 
and 1982-Con. 



1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory text 


















Characteristics 




Pnnce 




















George's 


Queen Anne's 


St Mary's 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


FARMS 




















Land in farms 


farms. 1987. _ 


683 


457 


754 


406 


280 


906 


774 


631 




1982.. 


767 


490 


940 


413 


350 


962 


842 


652 




acres, 1987.. 


62 308 


170 677 


80 493 


64 305 


109 032 


137 529 


95 542 


123 406 




1982.. 


75 406 


167 905 


100 221 


61 654 


119 684 


145 963 


111 109 


120 375 


Harvested cropland — 


farms, 1987.. 


563 


408 


718 


265 


239 


782 


479 


403 




1982.. 


676 


452 


902 


305 


294 


840 


580 


453 




acres. 1987.. 


22 768 


114 736 


32 724 


38 245 


76 918 


77 744 


61 594 


76 107 




1982.. 


26 068 


129 719 


39 779 


39 666 


94 242 


82 254 


76 328 


80 222 


TENURE OF OPERATOR 




















Full owners 


farms, 1987.. 


442 


244 


450 


260 


151 


506 


508 


424 




1982.. 


530 


265 


532 


265 


191 


544 


521 


396 




acres, 1987.. 


37 147 


46 878 


43 017 


20 697 


25 705 


46 336 


26 858 


36 815 




1982.. 


45 366 


55 039 


54 358 


20 917 


32 102 


52 620 


32 383 


36 567 


Harvested cropland 


farms, 1987.. 


356 


202 


418 


125 


114 


413 


229 


203 




1982.. 


456 


235 


503 


162 


143 


462 


269 


213 




acres, 1987.. 


9 303 


27 265 


10 176 


6 914 


13 959 


19 140 


10 758 


13 960 




1982-. 


10 060 


35 683 


14 846 


8 205 


18 042 


22 993 


14 229 


16 262 


Part owners i 


farms, 1987.. 


145 


139 


153 


117 


70 


233 


208 


160 




1982.. 


146 


142 


219 


125 


111 


242 


259 


192 




acres. 1987.. 


20 389 


93 235 


24 966 


41 504 


58 733 


61 213 


59 834 


61 096 




1982.. 


22 977 


85 095 


34 256 


39 158 


74 007 


63 683 


73 020 


74 620 


Owried land in farms 


acres. 1987.. 


8 463 


38 383 


11 802 


19 672 


17 770 


29 760 


30 336 


40 590 




1982.. 


8 261 


32 647 


14 565 


19 049 


23 909 


36 615 


36 766 


40 469 


Rented land in farms 


acres, 1987.. 


11 926 


54 852 


13 164 


21 832 


40 963 


31 453 


29 498 


40 506 




1982.. 


14 726 


52 448 


19 691 


20 109 


50 098 


27 068 


36 264 


34 151 


Han/ested cropland 


farms. 1987.. 


128 


136 


151 


116 


69 


217 


202 


158 




1982.. 


136 


141 


213 


123 


108 


228 


256 


184 




acres, 1987.. 


10 025 


65 525 


13 238 


29 670 


44 534 


39 493 


43 228 


56 687 




1982.. 


11 216 


70 872 


18 621 


30 035 


66 083 


39 641 


56 702 


66 159 


Tenants 


farms. 1987.. 


96 


74 


151 


29 


69 


167 


58 


47 




1982.. 


91 


83 


189 


23 


48 


176 


62 


64 




acres, 1987.. 


4 772 


30 564 


12 510 


2 104 


24 594 


29 980 


8 850 


6 495 




1982.. 


7 063 


27 771 


11 607 


1 679 


13 575 


29 680 


6 706 


9 188 


Harvested ciopland 


farms, 1987.. 


79 


70 


149 


24 


56 


152 


48 


42 




1982.. 


84 


76 


186 


20 


43 


160 


65 


56 




acres, 1987.. 


3 440 


21 946 


9 310 


1 661 


18 425 


19 111 


7 608 


5 460 




1982.. 


4 792 


23 164 


6 512 


1 326 


11 117 


19 620 


5 397 


8 801 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 




















Operators by place ot residence: 




















Or farm operated 


1987.. 


490 


331 


666 


296 


170 


731 


560 


412 




1982.. 


559 


350 


667 


288 


241 


753 


588 


416 


Not on farm operated 


1987.. 


137 


92 


135 


69 


90 


141 


136 


116 




1982.. 


141 


93 


182 


72 


69 


138 


123 


115 


Not reported 


1987.. 


56 


34 


63 


41 


20 


34 


78 


103 




1982.- 


67 


47 


101 


53 


40 


71 


131 


121 


Operators by principal occupation: 




















Farming 


1987.. 


314 


281 


410 


249 


171 


507 


449 


435 




1982.. 


380 


309 


548 


264 


219 


516 


487 


430 


Other 


1987.. 


369 


176 


344 


157 


109 


399 


325 


196 




1982.. 


387 


181 


392 


149 


131 


446 


355 


222 


Operators by days of work off farm. 




















None 


1987.. 


226 


204 


267 


175 


124 


393 


317 


285 




1982.. 


284 


183 


325 


170 


155 


387 


336 


286 


Any 


-...1987.. 


409 


217 


436 


197 


134 


454 


386 


273 




1982.. 


443 


258 


518 


199 


170 


517 


409 


284 


1 to 49 days 


1987.. 


32 


29 


41 


28 


14 


52 


35 


28 




1982.. 


32 


55 


85 


27 


30 


70 


52 


27 


50 to 99 days — 


1987.. 


13 


16 


42 


7 


4 


16 


27 


27 




1982.. 


26 


22 


38 


14 


12 


18 


17 


26 


100 to 149 days... 


1987.. 


28 


19 


24 


9 


12 


25 


19 


13 




1982.. 


33 


14 


50 


9 


4 


22 


17 


14 


150 to 199 days. 


1987.. 


48 


21 


46 


14 


8 


46 


29 


41 




1982.. 


29 


22 


62 


17 


18 


65 


44 


30 


200 days or more 


— -.1987-. 


288 


133 


283 


139 


96 


315 


276 


164 




1982- 


323 


145 


293 


132 


106 


342 


279 


187 


Not reported 


1987- 


48 


36 


51 


34 


22 


59 


71 


73 




1982-. 


40 


49 


97 


44 


25 


68 


97 


82 


Operators by years on present farm: 




















2 years or less 


1987.. 


42 


19 


41 


21 


16 


48 


28 


26 




1982.. 


52 


26 


45 


25 


19 


68 


35 


35 


3 or 4 years 


1987.. 


54 


23 


70 


22 


16 


66 


55 


34 




1982.. 


64 


66 


86 


54 


22 


103 


54 


61 


5 to 9 years.. 


1967.. 


96 


78 


97 


70 


40 


141 


114 


75 




1982.. 


96 


77 


158 


68 


58 


168 


136 


99 


10 years or more... 


1987 


345 
389 


268 
226 


367 
401 


206 
184 


156 
177 


523 
467 


400 
381 


329 




1982.. 


268 


Average years on present farm 


1987.. 


19.0 


18.0 


18.5 


17.7 


18.4 


16.9 


18.2 


19.8 




1982.. 


18.8 


16.0 


16,0 


16.0 


17.4 


15.7 


18,3 


17.7 


Not reported - . . 


1987.. 


146 


69 


179 


87 


52 


128 


177 


167 




1982.- 


166 


95 


250 


82 


74 


156 


236 


189 



174 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 
and 1982-Con. 



1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



introductory text] 



Characteristics 



Anne Arundel 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con 

Operators by age group 
Under 25 years 1987. 

1982. 
25 to 34 years 1987. 

1982- 
35 to 44 years 1987. 

1982. 

45 to 54 years 1987. 

1982. 

55 to 64 years 1987. 

1982. 

55 to 59 years 1987. 

60 to 64 years 1987. 

65 years and over 1987. 

1982. 

65 to 69 years 1987. 

70 years and over , 1987. 

Average age 1987. 

1982. 

Operators by sex: 
Male farms, 1987. 



.farms, 1987. 

1982- 

acres. 1967. 

1982. 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 



Other than family held 



-farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982_ 

.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

-farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987- 

1982- 



1 509 

1 753 

2 809 

3 288 

3 424 
3 680 
3 432 
3 983 
1 670 
1 762 

3 375 
3 113 
1 459 
1 916 
52.7 
51.5 



13 354 

14 852 
2 283 805 
2 448 684 

1 422 

1 331 
112 824 
109 044 



12 738 

14 040 

1 756 220 

1 867 050 



1 323 

1 544 

359 020 

406 839 



570 

455 

237 071 

239 032 



229 

257 

46 474 

48 660 



215 

254 

38 136 

42 396 



604 
36 639 
46 304 



432 

605 
36 936 
42 665 



605 

685 

130 804 

127 668 



1 106 

1 221 

159 328 

168 478 





456 


H1 


HhO 


89 


332 




50 




4H 


4 


S11 


5 


534 



423 

417 

55 081 

63 143 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 175 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years. 1987.. 

1982.. 
25 to 34 years 1987.. 

1982- 
35 to 44 years 1987_. 

1982. 

45 to 54 years 1987.. 

1982.. 

55 to 64 years _ 1987.. 

1982_. 

55 to 69 years 1987.. 

60 to 64 years 1987. 

65 years and over 1987.. 

1982.. 

65 to 69 years 1987.. 

70 years and over 1987.. 

3 1987. 

1982.. 

Operators by sex; 

Male farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 



.farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 



.farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 



Corporation: 

Family held farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Other than family held farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 

institutional, etc farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



682 
62 954 
77 846 



658 
51 136 
60 498 



350 

390 

27 002 

33 610 



562 

589 

94 456 



176 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Chafacleristics 




Pnnce 




















George's 


Queen Anne's 


St- tVlary's 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 




















Con. 




















Operators by age group: 




















Under 25 years 


1987.. 


13 


9 


28 


7 


9 


23 


15 


12 




1982-- 


11 


16 


38 


17 


12 


27 


29 


14 


25 to 34 years .__ _ 


-. 1987__ 


59 


54 


113 


42 


39 


123 


87 


71 




1982-. 


43 


75 


120 


57 


29 


138 


75 


61 


35 to 44 years - 


-— , 1987.. 


125 


86 


122 


90 


54 


202 


156 


126 




1982.- 


150 


102 


183 


78 


67 


225 


169 


146 


45 to 54 years 


1987.. 


165 


124 


164 


86 


70 


198 


182 


146 




1982.. 


191 


119 


206 


89 


79 


219 


160 


132 


55 to 64 years - 


1987.. 


140 


104 


164 


109 


54 


189 


176 


144 




1982.. 


158 


109 


226 


126 


97 


206 


247 


173 


55 to 59 years 


1987.. 


79 


57 


70 


60 


23 


89 


79 


75 


60 to 64 years 


1987.. 


61 


47 


94 


49 


31 


100 


97 


69 


65 years and over 


-. 1987.. 


181 


80 


163 


72 


54 


171 


158 


132 




1982.. 


214 


69 


167 


46 


66 


147 


142 


106 


65 to 69 years 


1987.. 


63 


39 


77 


43 


22 


85 


74 


66 


70 years and over 


1987.. 


118 


41 


86 


29 


32 


86 


84 


66 


Average age 


1987.. 


53.9 


51,0 


50.9 


50.9 


50.6 


50.1 


51 6 


51 8 




1982.. 


54.4 


48.9 


50.3 


49.1 


51.6 


49.1 


51.0 


50,7 


Operators by sex: 




















Male ..- 


farms, 1987.. 


620 


431 


712 


367 


260 


845 


668 


565 




1982.. 


699 


462 


883 


368 


326 


899 


753 


602 




acres. 1987.. 


58 704 


168 830 


76 523 


62 244 


104 692 


133 646 


90 505 


120 787 




1982.. 


70 835 


165 500 


92 783 


59 161 


114 794 


141 548 


106 569 


116 978 


Female 


farms, 1987.. 


63 


26 


42 


39 


20 


61 


106 


66 




1982.. 


68 


28 


57 


45 


24 


63 


69 


50 




acres, 1987.. 


3 604 


1 847 


3 970 


2 061 


4 340 


3 883 


5 037 


2 619 




1982.. 


4 571 


2 405 


7 438 


2 493 


4 890 


4 435 


4 540 


3 397 


TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 




















Individual or family (sole propnetorstiip) 


...-farms, 1987.. 


567 


371 


674 


349 


207 


799 


666 


539 




1982.. 


660 


401 


827 


344 


266 


853 


735 


550 




acres, 1987.. 


39 233 


120 116 


64 281 


45 835 


56 263 


107 875 


69 649 


96 289 




1982.. 


48 950 


111 833 


82 124 


41 123 


71 742 


111 322 


76 504 


84 930 


Partnership 


farms, 1987.. 


67 


50 


64 


41 


45 


79 


72 


62 




1982.. 


68 


62 


99 


48 


55 


76 


81 


77 




acres, 1987.. 


8 972 


25 579 


8 945 


14 240 


30 776 


18 655 


16 175 


16 568 




1982.. 


8 679 


34 716 


10 938 


15 761 


23 759 


22 637 


18 847 


25 377 


Corporation; 




















Family held 


farms, 1987.. 


38 


27 


11 


13 


20 


24 


27 


22 




1982.. 


22 


22 


11 


14 


18 


24 


17 


20 




acres, 1987.. 


(D) 


22 830 


(D) 


3 781 


18 125 


8 652 


8 095 


6 991 




1982.. 


(D) 


(D) 


5 028 


(D) 


20 223 


10 814 


11 331 


9 505 


Otfier than family Held — 


farms, 1967.. 


2 


3 


_ 




4 


2 


4 


5 




1982.. 


2 


2 


- 


2 


8 


3 


4 


3 




acres, 1987.. 


(D) 


594 


_ 


_ 


733 


(D) 


1 003 


(D) 




1982.. 


(D) 


(D) 


- 


(D) 


3 507 


500 


(D) 


(D) 


Other— cooperative, estate or trust, 




















institutional, etc -- 


....farms, 1987.. 


9 


6 


5 


3 


4 


2 


5 


3 




1982.. 


15 


3 


3 


5 


3 


6 


5 


2 




acres, 1987.. 


8 989 


1 558 


(D) 


449 


1 135 


(D) 


420 


(D) 




1982.. 


13 464 


371 


2 131 


908 


453 


710 


(D) 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 177 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Cattle and calves. 



—-farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 



...farms. 1987. 

1982. 
number. 1987. 

1982. 
...farms. 1987. 



1982. 
number. 1987. 



...farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982- 

... farms. 1987. 

1982- 

number. 1987- 

1982- 



Cows and heifers that had calved . 



...farms, 1987., 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

...farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

...farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 



...farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Beef cows. farms. 1987., 

1982- 
number. 1987. 
1982- 
1 987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 9 _- farms- 

numbet- 
10 to 19-- farms- 
number. 

20 to 49 farms. 

number. 

50 to 99.. farms.. 

number.- 

100 to 199 farms- 
number., 

200 to 499- - farms-- 

number-- 

500 or more _ farms.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number. 1987.. 
1982.. 
1 987 farms by inventory; 

1 to 9 farms.. 

number.. 

10 to 19. farms.. 

number.. 

20 to 49 farms.. 

number.. 

50 to 99 farms.. 

number.. 

100 to 199 farms.. 

number.. 
200 to 499 — farms-- 

number-- 
500 or more farms.. 

number.. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982-. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves farms. 1987.. 



7 002 
308 052 
355 418 



1 279 
14 938 
17 264 

1 265 
1 478 
39 434 
46 402 
803 
976 
56 956 
68 885 



4 621 

5 548 
158 917 
180 334 



3 185 
3 736 
48 454 
52 151 



2 218 
110 463 
128 183 



399 
13 793 

576 
39 505 



283 

36 986 

55 

13 591 

5 

4 933 

4 003 

5 062 
98 532 

113 832 

4 276 

5 423 
50 603 
61 252 



224 
322 

6 656 

7 724 



875 
36 833 
42 877 



288 

917 

1 472 



368 

439 

5 271 

5 471 



245 
11 902 
14 176 



178 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 







Farms by inventory: 


1982 

number. 1987 

1982 


10 to 19 


1982 

number, 1987 

1982 


20 to 49 


1982 

number, 1987 

1982 




1982 

number. 1987 

1982 


100 to 199 


1982 

number. 1987 

1982 

farms, 1987 


200 10 499 


1982 

number, 1987 

1982 


500 or more 


1982 

number. 1987 

1982 


Cows and tieifers that had calved 


1982 

number, 1987 

1982 

farms, 1987 

1982 

number, 1987 

1982 



Beef cows farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number. 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by inventory: 
1 to 9 farms- 
number. 
10 to 19 farms- 
number. 

20 to 49 farms. 

number. 

50 to 99 farms. 

numt)er. 
i 

100 to 199 farms. 

number. 

200 to 499 farms. 

number- 

500 or more : farms- 

number, 

fvlilk cows farms. 1987- 

1982- 
number. 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 9 farms- 

number- 
10 to 19 _ farms- 
number. 

20 to 49 - farms- 

number- 
50 to 99 farms- 
number. 

100 to 199- farms- 
number. 

200 to 499 farms- 

number- 

500 or more farms. 

number- 
Heifers and heifer calves farms, 1987 

1982- 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves farms, 1987. 

1982- 
number, 1987. 



225 
24 723 
30 653 



423 
5 921 
5 925 



2 395 

170 

12 078 



897 
25 488 
29 649 



857 
7 904 
7 813 



579 
24 186 
24 045 



466 

525 

11 475 

11 704 

317 

363 

5 050 

4 988 



220 
6 425 
6 716 



382 

403 

5 940 

5 476 



278 

397 

6 174 

8 140 



436 

4 128 

5 386 



245 
9 841 
12 554 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 179 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



ning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Cattle and calves . 



.__ farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 



10 to 19 farms. 



20 to 49 farms. 

number, 
50 to 99 farms. 

number. 

100 to 199 farms, 

number. 

200 to 499 farms. 

number, 

500 or more farms, 

number. 

Cows and fieifers that fiad calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987.. 
1982.. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987_ 
1982. 
1987- 
1982. 
1987_, 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1 987 farms by inventory: 
1 to 9 farms. 

number. 
10 to 19. farms. 

number- 
so to 49 farms- 

number- 
50 to 99 farms- 

number- 

100 to 199 farms- 
number. 

200 to 499 farms. 

number. 

500 or more farms. 

number- 

Milk cows farms. 1987- 

1982- 
number. 1987- 
1982- 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 9 farms-. 

number- 

10 to 19--- farms-. 

number. 

20 to 49 farms. 

number.. 
50 to 99 farms- 
number.. 

100 to 199 farms. 

number 
200 to 499 farms, 

numbei 
500 or more farms. 

number 

Heifers and fietfer calves farms. 1987 

1982 

number. 1987 

1982 



Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves , 



...farms. 1987. 

1982- 

number. 1987. 

1982. 



223 
234 

4 917 

5 177 



586 
22 928 
22 480 

285 

318 

5 372 

5 320 



278 


4 


303 


13 


17 556 


(D) 


17 160 


(D) 



469 

556 

15 052 

15 396 



180 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory textl 



Anne Arundel 



Dairy products sold ...farms. 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000. 1987. 



Cattle and calves sold farms, 1987 

1982 

number, 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987 

1982 

1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 _ farms 

number 

10 to 19 farms 

number 

20 to 49 farms 

number 

50 to 99 -- farms 

number 

100 to 199 _ farms 

number 

200 to 499 farms 

number 

500 or more _ farms 

number. 

Calves sold farms. 1987 

1982 

number, 1987 

1982 

$1,000, 1987 

1982 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number 

10 to 19 -. farms 

number 

20 to 49 farms 

number. 

50 to 99 farms 

number 

100 to 199 _ farms 

number. 

200 to 499 _ farms. 

number. 

500 or more ___ __ farms. 

number 

Cattle sold. farms. 1987. 

1982 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number. 

10 to 19 (arms. 

number. 

20 to 49 farms 

number. 

50 to 99 farms. 

number. 

100 to 199 farms. 

number. 
200 to 499 farms. 

number 
500 or more farms. 

number. 

Cattle fattened on gram and concentrates 

sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number. 

10 to 19 farms 

number. 

20 to 49 farms 

number. 

50 to 99 (arms. 

number. 

100 to 199.. farms. 

number. 
200 to 499 farms 

number. 
500 or more (arms 

number. 



5 368 

6 245 
154 540 
164 982 

56 718 

54 539 

2 363 

10 630 

1 009 

13 466 

1 156 

36 273 
549 

37 144 



2 


999 


3 638 


71 


HHO 


78 


745 


10 


447 


9 


622 


1 


3B5 


5 


363 



4 635 

5 401 
82 650 
86 237 
46 271 
44 918 

2 552 
10 764 

943 
12 430 

820 
24 061 

212 
14 120 



27 122 
31 890 
17 484 
19 074 



4 281 

260 

3 453 



1 570 

1 577 

610 

699 



308 
410 
6 534 
8 367 
2 480 
2 832 

163 



2 260 

3 309 
283 
354 



284 

359 

4 274 

5 048 
2 196 
2 478 

167 



18 626 
21 277 

7 452 

8 406 



(D) 

339 
380 
7 617 
9 001 
1 007 
1 475 

157 



11 009 

12 276 
6 445 
6 931 



4 817 
6 303 

3 153 

4 039 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 181 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Dairy products sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 
$1,000. 1987. 



Cattle and calves sold farms. 1987__ 

1982.. 

number. 1987_. 

1982.- 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms.. 

number.. 

10 to 19.. -. farms.. 

number.. 

20 to 49 farms.. 

number.. 

50 to 99 farms.. 

number.. 

100 to 199 farms.. 

number.. 
200 to 499 farms.. 

number.. 
500 or more 1 farms.. 

number.. 

Calves sold farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms.. 

number.. 

10 to 19 farms.. 

number. - 

20 to 49 farms. - 

number.. 

50 to 99 farms. - 

number.. 

100 to 199... farms.- 

number.. 

200 to 499 farms.. 

number. - 

500 or more farms.. 

number.. 

Cattle sold farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.- 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms.. 

number.. 

10 to 19 farms.. 

number.. 

20 to 49.. farms-. 

number.. 

50 to 99 farms.. 

number.. 

100 to 199 farms.. 

number.. 
200 to 499.. farms.. 

number.. 
500 or more farms.. 

number.. 

Cattle fattened on gram and concentrates 

sold farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms.. 

number.. 

10 to 19. farms.. 

number.. 

20 to 49... farms.. 

number.. 

50 to 99.. farms.. 

number., 

100 to 199 ., farms.. 

number.. 
200 to 499 farms.. 

number.. 
500 or more farms.. 

number.. 



1 378 

1 818 

522 

592 



493 
66 073 
70 794 

945 
1 062 
39 037 
39 661 
11 569 
10 106 

337 



1 904 

210 

6 850 



73 
9 880 

20 

5 475 

3 

2 569 

572 
713 
21 635 
23 657 
1 894 
1 797 



850 
945 
17 402 
16 004 
9 675 
8 310 



3 540 
3 281 
2 058 
1 797 



15 959 
13 075 
6 380 
4 319 



8 420 
7 084 
2 545 
1 516 



429 
452 
7 539 
5 991 
3 835 
2 802 



380 
490 
10 312 
12 223 
3 794 
3 896 

163 



330 
436 

6 236 

7 299 
3 231 
3 412 

176 



1 578 

2 457 
1 001 
1 443 



178 
233 
6 003 
6 324 
3 933 
3 013 

91 



4 504 
3 777 
2 748 



3 077 
2 816 
2 901 
1 984 



1 700 
1 800 
1 060 
1 076 



182 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Dairy products sold farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

Cattle and calves sold .farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number. 
10 to 19 farms- 
number. 

20 to 49 farms. 

number. 

50 to 99 farms. 

number. 

100 to 199 farms. 

number. 
200 to 499 farms. 

number., 
500 or more farms., 

number. 

Calves sold _ farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982., 

1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number., 

10 to 19 farms., 

number., 

20 to 49 farms., 

number., 

50 to 99 farms., 

number., 

100 to 199 farms. 

number. 
200 to 499 farms. 

number. 
500 Of more farms. 

number. 

Cattle sold.. farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982- 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number. 

10 to 19 farms. 

number. 

20 to 49 farms. 

number. 

50 to 99 farms. 

number. 

100 to 199 farms- 

number- 

200 to 499 farms- 
number. 

500 or more farms. 

number. 

Cattle fattened on gram and concentrates 

sold farms, 1987. 

1962. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 9 farms. 

number. 

10 to 19 farms. 

number- 
20 to 49— farms- 
number. 

50 to 99 farms. 

number. 

100 to 199 farms. 

number. 
200 to 499 ._ farms. 

number. 
500 or more farms. 

number. 



1 621 

2 098 
552 
625 



935 

1 406 

380 

517 



1 279 
802 
638 



2 844 


29 572 


3 612 


26 910 


61 


624 


70 


663 


1 722 


19 751 


2 091 


21 437 


576 


6 840 


666 


7 184 



20 


402 


30 


435 


6/8 


9 144 


86? 


8 797 


55 


1 042 


61 


823 



559 

598 

10 607 

12 640 

5 798 

6 361 

256 



3 535 
5 584 

2 309 

3 352 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 183 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Utters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 
























Maryland 


Allegany 


Anne Arundel 


Baltimore 


Calven 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


INVENTORY 




















Hogs and pigs 


...farms, 1987.. 


1 322 


21 


45 


51 


24 


47 


135 


38 




1982.. 


1 861 


24 


63 


81 


69 


80 


200 


49 




number. 1987.. 


197 214 


462 


1 862 


3 935 


(D) 


8 883 


10 115 


4 211 




1982.- 


179 149 


721 


2 381 


4 036 


1 037 


8 301 


12 349 


2 092 


Farms by inventory: 




















1 to 24 


...farms. 1987.. 


704 


18 


30 


19 


19 


24 


81 


26 




1982.. 


1 123 


15 


45 


48 


62 


44 


117 


40 




number, 1987.. 


5 809 


136 


202 


156 


(D) 


204 


682 


229 




1982.. 


8 878 


(D) 


410 


328 


(D) 


366 


851 


272 


25 to 49 


...farms. 1987.. 


178 




8 


14 


3 


2 


14 


5 




1982.. 


247 


3 


6 


13 


3 


11 


31 


6 




number, 1987.. 


6 246 


- 


299 


483 


(D) 


(D) 


434 


(D) 




1982.. 


8 404 


Ill 


202 


442 


97 


424 


1 056 


192 


50 to 99 


...farms, 1987. _ 


151 


2 


2 


5 


2 


3 


11 


1 




1982.. 


176 


4 


5 


8 


3 


8 


21 


- 




number. 1987.. 


10 297 


(D) 


(D) 


309 


(D) 


IP) 


805 


(D) 




1982- 


11 821 


228 


326 


519 


(D) 


535 


1 591 




100 to 199 


...farms, 1987.. 


105 


1 


2 


8 




6 


17 


1 




1982- 


129 


2 


5 


6 


- 


5 


17 






number, 1987.. 


14 286 


(D) 


(D) 


989 


- 


763 


2 290 


(D) 




1982.. 


17 379 


(Dj 


(D) 


783 


- 


580 


2 254 


- 


200 to 499. __ 


...farms, 1987.. 


107 




3 


4 


- 


7 


9 


2 




1982.. 


119 


- 


2 


6 


1 


8 


10 


2 




number, 1987.. 


32 175 




877 


(D) 


- 


2 045 


2 532 


(D) 




1982.. 


35 569 


- 


(D) 


1 964 


(D) 


2 351 


2 668 


(D) 


500 to 999 -- 


...farms, 1987.. 


49 


- 


- 


1 


- 


4 


1 


2 




1982.. 


38 




- 


- 


- 


3 


2 


- 




number. 1987.. 


32 580 


_ 


- 


(D) 


- 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




1982.. 


24 469 




- 




- 


(D) 


(D) 


- 


1.000 or more 


...farms, 1987.. 


28 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


2 


1 




1982.. 


29 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


2 


1 




number, 1987.. 


95 821 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




1982.. 


72 629 


- 


- 


- 


- 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


Hogs and pigs used or to be used for 




















breeding 


...farms, 1987.. 


765 


10 


26 


31 


10 


35 


60 


22 




1982- 


1 052 


16 


38 


42 


23 


45 


95 


22 




number, 1987.. 


27 822 


91 


250 


605 


61 


910 


1 226 


376 




1982.. 


26 955 


133 


291 


519 


97 


1 140 


1 940 


224 


1987 farms by inventory; 




















1 to 24 




659 
98 
55 


10 


23 

3 


21 
6 
4 


10 


22 
6 

5 


47 
7 
4 


20 


25 to 49 




50 to 99 


1 


100 or more 


farms- 


53 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


2 


2 


1 




number. _ 


16 545 


- 






- 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


Other hogs and pigs 


...farms. 1987.. 


1 209 


19 


42 


51 


23 


35 


132 


36 




1982.. 


1 687 


19 


58 


75 


61 


73 


184 


40 




number. 1987.. 


169 392 


371 


1 612 


3 330 


(D) 


7 973 


8 889 


3 835 




1982.. 


152 194 


588 


2 090 


3 517 


940 


7 161 


10 409 


1 868 


LITTERS 




















Liners of pigs farrowed between- 




















Dee. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 


...farms. 1987., 


803 


10 


26 


32 


10 


37 


63 


22 




1982.. 


1 100 


16 


41 


42 


24 


47 


100 


22 




number. 1987.. 


42 199 


102 


195 


781 


38 


1 402 


1 994 


618 




1982.. 


39 365 


157 


321 


685 


114 


1 733 


2 263 


337 


Dec. 1 of preceding year and l^ay 31 


...farms. 1987.. 


717 


7 


22 


32 


9 


36 


59 


20 




1982.. 


976 


15 


34 


38 


21 


44 


90 


17 




number, 1987.. 


20 915 


44 


93 


414 


(D) 


712 


974 


305 




1982.. 


19 758 


70 


162 


331 


74 


886 


1 096 


163 


June 1 and Nov. 30 


...farms, 1987.. 


715 


10 


21 


29 


8 


34 


58 


18 




1982.. 


905 


13 


31 


37 


9 


36 


86 


17 




number, 1987__ 


21 284 


58 


102 


367 


(D) 


690 


1 020 


313 




1982.. 


19 607 


87 


159 


354 


40 


847 


1 167 


174 


SALES 




















Hogs and pigs sold 


...farms, 1987.. 


1 265 


16 


38 


51 


12 


44 


132 


34 




1982.- 


1 625 


23 


52 


70 


32 


75 


185 


42 




number, 1987.. 


372 470 


739 


1 767 


6 631 


165 


16 554 


19 629 


7 067 




1982.. 


335 333 


1 363 


3 945 


5 746 


1 785 


15 293 


24 032 


4 707 




$1,000, 1987.. 


37 032 


44 


198 


599 


(D) 


1 394 


1 889 


705 




1982.- 


33 824 


90 


383 


609 


168 


1 373 


2 560 


535 


1987 farms by number sold; 




















1 to 24 


farms-- 


480 


6 


18 


15 


11 


12 


66 


14 




number.. 


4 756 


23 


104 


156 


(D) 


, 117 


604 


100 


25 to 49 


farms.. 


196 


3 


10 


13 


1 


6 


13 


7 




number.. 


6 851 


86 


342 


488 


(D) 


186 


459 


236 


50 to 99. __ 


farms-- 


137 


5 


6 


7 




3 


13 


4 




number.. 


9 383 


(D) 


451 


442 


- 


199 


855 


237 


100 to 199-. 


farms.. 


146 


2 




4 


_ 


3 


11 


4 




number.. 


20 329 


(D) 


- 


430 


- 


466 


1 605 


(D) 


200 to 499 


farms 


170 
52 632 




4 
870 


8 
2 395 




8 
2 159 


21 
6 426 


1 




number.. 


(D) 


500 to 999 


farms-- 


72 


_ 


- 


4 


- 


7 


5 


1 




number.. 


49 987 




_ 


2 720 


_ 


5 732 


3 094 


(D) 


1,000 or more 


farms.. 


64 


- 


- 


- 


- 


5 


3 


3 




number.. 


228 532 


- 




- 


- 


7 695 


6 586 


4 976 


Feeder pigs sold 


— farms, 1987.. 


375 


8 


4 


21 


2 


21 


30 


12 




1982.. 


469 


9 


20 


15 


9 


22 


54 


12 




number, 1987.. 


94 341 


515 


103 


2 459 


(D) 


6 966 


6 201 


(D) 




1982.. 


83 305 


897 


1 488 


1 224 


516 


5 535 


6 961 


385 




$1,000, 1987.- 


3 900 


17 


4 


128 


(D) 


304 


233 


74 




1982.. 


3 526 


(D) 


79 


48 


15 


290 


307 


12 


Hogs and pigs other than feeder pigs sold 


...farms, 1987.. 


1 158 


12 


36 


48 


10 


35 


128 


31 




1982.. 


1 469 


18 


48 


67 


30 


68 


175 


36 




number, 1987.. 


278 129 


224 


1 664 


4 172 


(D) 


9 588 


13 428 


(D) 




1982.. 


252 028 


466 


2 457 


4 522 


1 269 


9 758 


17 071 


4 322 




$1,000, 1987.. 


33 133 


27 


195 


472 


17 


1 090 


1 656 


630 




1982.. 


30 298 


(D) 


304 


562 


153 


1 083 


2 252 


523 



184 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Hogs and pigs farms, 

number. 

Farms by inventory: 

1 to 24 farms, 

number. 
25 to 49 farms 

number, 
50 to 99 farms, 

number, 
100 to 199 _ farms, 

number, 
200 to 499 farms, 

number, 
500 to 999 farms, 

number, 
1,000 or more farms, 

number. 



number. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987., 
1982. 
1987. 
1982., 
1987. 
1982. 
1987., 
1982. 
1987., 
1982. 
1987., 
1982., 
1987., 
1982., 
1987., 
1982. 
1987. 
1982., 
1987. 
1982.. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987 farms by inventory; 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 _ , 

100 or more _. farms., 

number.. 

Other hogs and pigs farms, 1987., 

1982. 

numljer, 1987., 

1982. 

LITTERS 

Litters of pigs farrowed tietween — 

Dec, 1 of preceding year and Nov, 30 ...farms. 1987,. 

1982. 

number, 1987., 

1982., 

Dec, 1 of preceding year and May 31 farms. 1987., 

1982., 

number. 1987., 

1982., 

June 1 and Nov 30 farms, 1987., 



SALES 

Hogs and pigs sold farms, 1987. 

1962. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

1987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 24 farms. 

number. 

25 to 49 farms. 

number. 

50 to 99 farms. 

number. 

100 to 199 farms. 

number. 
200 to 499 ___ farms- 
number. 

500 to 999 farms. 

number.. 

1,000 or more farms. 

number. 

Feeder pigs sold ___ farms, 1987., 

1982- 

number. 1987., 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987., 

1982.. 

Hogs and pigs other than feeder pigs sold farms, 1987., 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

$1,000, 1987.. 



14 726 
9 136 
1 311 



3 722 

3 

4 896 



6 671 

2 967 

315 



8 055 

6 169 

996 



53 531 
43 978 
6 732 
5 063 



4 937 

1 987 

(D) 



11 846 
10 464 
1 092 



4 218 

3 

(D) 



464 


430 


650 


494 


23 


13 


4? 


21 


233 


214 


362 


235 


■M 


16 


35 


19 


231 


216 


288 


259 



8 733 

9 250 

(0) 
926 



8 152 

8 794 

(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 185 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols 



introductory text] 



Hogs and pigs farins. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number. 1987., 
1982-- 
Farms by inventory; 

1 to 24 -- farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

25 to 49... farms. 1987_. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

50 to 99 farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

100 to 199 farms, 1987__ 

1982.. 

number, 1987., 

1982,, 

200 to 499 farms. 1987.. 

1982,. 

number. 1987,, 

1982,, 

500 to 999 farms. 1987., 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

1.000 or more farms. 1987.. 

1982,, 
number. 1987.. 
1982.. 
Hogs and pigs used or to be used for 

breeding farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number. 1987., 
1982,, 
1987 farms by inventory; 

1 to 24 

25 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 or more farms.. 

number.. 

Otfier flogs and pigs farms. 1987.. 

1982.- 

number. 1987., 

1982.. 



Litters of pigs farrowed between- 
Dee 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 farms. 1987. 

1982, 
number. 1987, 



Dec- 1 of preceding year and f^ay 31 farms. 

number. 
June 1 and Nov. 30 farms, 

number. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



SALES 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 1987,. 

I 1982,. 

number. 1987,. 

1982,. 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 

1987 farms by number sold; 

1 to 24 farms,. 

number.. 

25 to 49 farms.. 

number.. 

50 to 99 farms,. 

number,. 

100 to 199 farms.. 

number.. 

200 to 499 ,, farms.. 

number.. 
SCO to 999 , farms, 

number., 
1,000 or more farms.. 

number. 

Feeder pigs sold farms. 1987, 

1982, 

number. 1987. 

1982, 

S1.000. 1987, 

1982. 

Hogs and pigs ottier tfian feeder pigs sold farms. 1987. 

1982, 

number, 1987. 

1982, 

$1,000. 1987, 

1982, 



5 281 

10 694 

533 

1 025 



32 310 
20 714 
3 453 
2 398 



43 206 
35 434 
3 045 
2 944 



18 430 
21 030 
2 227 
2 455 



3 998 


4 155 


1 852 


3 136 


39 


45 


75 


59 


1 997 


2 157 


930 


1 786 


35 


43 


70 


53 


2 001 


1 998 


922 


1 350 



44 783 


27 709 


19 888 


21 365 


4 802 


2 629 


1 831 


2 460 



8 299 


5 426 


7 904 


2 732 


389 


213 


349 


127 


124 


57 


121 


82 


6 484 


22 283 


1 984 


18 633 


4 413 


2 416 


1 482 


2 333 



186 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 13. Sheep and Horses— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



|For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 1987, 



100 to 299 

300 to 999 

1,000 or more- 



Ewes 1 year old or older . 



--.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 



Sheep and lambs shorn . 



farms, 

number, 
pounds of wool. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms, 

number. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool sold farms, 

$1,000, 

Horses and ponies inventory farms, 

number. 

Horses and pomes sold farms. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982- 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



660 

599 

24 599 

21 797 



16 427 
162 457 
119 006 



627 

566 

1 274 



3 287 
3 053 
26 513 
22 801 



913 
866 
3 565 
3 226 
23 794 
28 139 



2 664 

936 

16 787 

5 967 



95 


24 


72 


21 


3 838 


477 


2 618 


381 



8 


??? 


2 


562 




96 




61 


3 


12? 


1 


539 



350 

318 

2 658 

2 151 



416 
373 

1 978 

2 048 



Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 
1982. 
1 987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 24 

25 to 99 

100 to 299...- 

300 to 999 , 

1,000 or more 



Ewes 1 year old or older . 



...farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987, 

1982. 



Sheep and lambs shorn _ 



farms, 

number, 
pounds of wool, 

Sheep and lambs sold farms, 

number. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool sold ,,. farms. 



Horses and pomes inventory farms, 

number. 

Horses and ponies sold farms, 

number, 
$1,000, 



1987. 
1982. 
1987, 
1982, 
1987. 
1982., 

1987. 
1982. 
1987, 
1982, 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982, 
1987, 
1982. 



1982, 
1987, 
1982, 
1987. 
1982, 



2 547 
23 896 
20 498 



1 


.500 


1 


32b 




57 




56 


1 


719 


1 


580 


k; 


:)('9 


9 


001 




59 




h/ 


1 


522 


1 


249 



3 824 
2 800 
40 989 
25 901 



908 
5 450 
5 046 



?s 


319 


:)() 


288 


26 


2 706 


148 


2 240 


4 


79 


3 


71 


in 


333 


(D) 


318 


6 


1 383 


ID) 


1 988 



240 

200 

2 020 



660 

406 

4 800 

3 810 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 187 



Table 13. Sheep and Horses— inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see introductory text] 



Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 1987_ 

1982. 
number, 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 24 

25 to 99 

100 to 299 

300 to 999 

1,000 or more 



Ewes 1 year old or older . 



-farms, 1987. 

1982. 
lumber, 1987. 

1982. 



Sheep and lambs shorn . 



farms, 

number, 
pounds of wool, 

Sheep and lambs sold farms, 

number. 

Sheep, lambs, and woo! sold farms, 

$1,000, 

Horses and ponies inventofY farms. 

number. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 



1987. 
1982. 
19B7. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



230 
320 

1 412 

2 254 



396 


923 


(D) 


413 


633 


(D) 


3 803 


6 821 


(D) 


3 084 


4 566 


(0) 


7 


39 


3 


16 


39 


2 


116 


632 


(D) 


686 


543 


(D) 



188 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Anne Arundel 



Any poultry farms. 1987. 

1982. 

Chickens 3 months old or older .farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 



Hens and pullets of laying age farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 3.199 

3.200 to 9.999 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99,999 

100.000 or more farms. 

number. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 

laying age __ farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 



Pullet chicks and pullets under 3 months 

old farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens farms, 

number, 



Turkeys farms, 

number, 

Turkey hens kept for breeding _. ...farms, 

number. 

Ducks, geese, and other poultry farms. 



Any poultry sold ...farms. 1987.. 



Hens and pullets sold farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Hens and pullets of laying age sold farms, 1987. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Pullets not of laying age sold farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms, 1987 

1982.. 
number. 1987.. 
1982.. 
1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 1.999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99,999 __ 

100,000 10 199,999 

200,000 to 499,999 

500,000 or more (arms.. 

number.. 

Turkeys sold farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Turkeys for slaughter sold farms. 1987. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Ducks, geese, and other poultry sold farms, 1987.. 



2 616 

3 233 
1 337 
1 926 

4 060 760 
4 404 290 

1 309 

1 894 

3 706 405 

3 827 483 



214 
364 355 
576 807 



1987.. 


1 127 227 


1982.. 


615 161 


1987.. 


1 200 


1982.. 


1 332 


1987.. 


50 282 754 


1982.. 


43 135 305 


1987.. 


116 


1982.. 


157 


1987.. 


29 069 


1982.. 


21 644 


1987.. 


41 


1982.. 


67 


1987.. 


651 


1982.. 


689 


1987.. 


429 


1982.. 


520 



2 181 

2 458 

425 871 

366 495 



1 378 
257 070 110 
235 112 072 



42 


(0) 


|U| 


(0) 


7 


148 


3 


153 


?!h 


8 194 164 


(U) 


5 832 696 



220 

495 544 

(D) 



50 


641 


7 492 


40 


593 


7 447 




?1 


32 




■n 


57 


310 


900 


802 546 


301 


75? 


602 174 




14 


29 




12 


53 


81 


UUO 


(D) 


52 


378 


321 174 




7 


3 




10 


4 


229 


900 


(D) 


249 


3/4 


281 000 




175 


3 




179 


11 


37 893 


25? 


110 


33 819 


1/6 


464 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 189 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Any poultry farms. 1987. 

1982. 

Chickens 3 months old or older. ...farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 



Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number, 1987.. 
1982__ 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 3,199 _ 

3,200 to 9,999 .- 

10,000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99,999 .__ 

100,000 or more farms.. 

number.. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 

laying age farms, 1987_. 

1982-. 

number. 1987_. 

1982.. 

Pullet chicks and pullets under 3 months 

old .-- farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982., 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens farms. 1987.. 

1982. 

number. 1987., 

1982.. 

Turkeys - .farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms, 1987.. 



Any poultry sold farms, 1987.. 



Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets of laying age sold farms, 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 
Pullets not of laying age sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by number sold: 

2,000 to 59",999"IimimiIIIIIIIlIIIIIIIIIIIIII"II 

60,000 to 99.999 _ 

100,000 to 199,999. __ _ 

200,000 to 499,999... 

500,000 or more farms. 

number. 

Turkeys sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Turkeys for slaughter sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982- 



76 


(D) 


lU) 


(D) 


4 


56 


15 


63 


(U) 


3 201 294 


603 


2 511 922 



38 


29 494 


25 


27 760 


6 


13 


13 


13 


509 


181 283 


480 


203 864 


5 


11 


13 


12 


(D) 


(D) 


480 


(D) 


2 


2 


(D) 


(D) 


- 


(D) 


1 


71 


3 


76 


(D) 


16 651 788 


100 


15 727 263 



213 

(D) 

106 144 



43 820 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


7 


2 


2 


4 


43 820 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 



? 


597 


13 


591 




6fi 




97 


? 


48? 


13 


292 



(D) 


(D) 


(IJ| 


435 


5 


2 


6 


5 


(D) 


(D) 


ILI) 


(D) 



190 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Any poultry tarms. 1987. 

1982. 

Chickens 3 months old or older farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 



Hens and pullets of laying age farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number. 1987. 
1982. 
1987 farms by inventory: 

1 to 99 

100 to 399 

400 to 3,199 - 

3.200 10 9,999 

10.000 to 19.999 

20.000 to 49.999 

50.000 to 99.999 

100.000 or more farms. 

number. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 

laying age farms. 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Pullet chicks and pullets under 3 months 

old. farms. 1987. 

1982- 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

Turkeys farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number. 1987. 

1982. 

Turkey hens kept for breeding larms. 1987. 



Any poultry sold . 



..farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987. 

1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



Hens and pullets sold farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets of laying age sold farms, 

number. 
Pullets not of laying age sold farms, 

number. 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms. 1987 

1982. 
number. 1987. 
1982. 
1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 1.999 

2.000 to 59.999 

60.000 to 99.999 

100.000 to 199.999 

200.000 to 499.999. 

500.000 or more farms. 

number. 



Turkeys sold farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Turkeys for slaughter sold -. farms, 1987 . 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 



228 

220 

45 671 603 

39 443 031 



(D) 


169 600 


ID) 


51 000 


20 


325 


28 


336 


7 362 


14 931 826 


1 582 


13 184 610 


3 


2 


11 


1 


25 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 191 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Crop 



Maryland 



Anne Arundel 



Harvested cropland --.farms. 

acres, 

Irrigated farms, 

acres. 

Corn for grain or seed farms, 

a 

busfiels. 
Irrigated farms, 



1 987 farms by acres tianyested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres -.. 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1982- 
1987- 
1982- 

1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 



Wtieat for grain farms. 



Irrigated - farms 



1987 farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1982. 
1987. 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 
1987- 



Tobacco farms, 

acres, 
pounds. 

Irrigated farms, 

acres. 



1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 



1987 farms by acr 
0.1 to 0.9 acres --. 
1.0 to 1.9 acres ... 
2 to 2.9 acres ... 
3.0 to 4.9 acres ... 
5.0 to 9.9 acres --. 
10.0 acres or more 



fiarvested; 



Soybeans for beans - farms. 



Irrigated farms. 



1987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 



lons, dry 
farms. 



1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982- 
1987- 
1982. 
1987- 
1982- 



1 987 farms by acres han/ested; 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms. 1987- 

1982- 

acres. 1987. 

1982- 

Irrigated farms. 1987- 

1982. 

acres. 1987- 

1982. 

1987 farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres -- 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 acres or more 



11 960 
13 672 
346 913 
528 994 
1 040 
826 
50 077 
38 219 



7 281 

432 409 

620 198 

31 941 714 

62 845 256 



146 081 

138 204 

6 766 273 

5 635 641 



1 568 

1 173 

296 

75 

1 357 

2 489 
10 780 
24 840 

13 751 729 

32 280 276 

161 

196 



376 

3 697 

3 965 

405 170 

413 137 

9 352 369 

11 290 198 

137 

85 



6 619 

6 709 

255 676 

229 046 

593 854 

533 939 

66 

23 



1 184 
1 403 
38 238 
38 331 



7 651 
7 153 
13 419 
12 844 



603 
69 054 
20 116 



205 
289 

1 544 

2 697 
1 977 066 
3 645 239 



14 



19 322 
25 732 

1 920 672 

2 572 934 



3 390 

3 619 

150 951 

135 374 



3 544 


6 691 


3 452 


5 061 


5 459 


245 683 


7 886 


143 563 



450 
12 077 
12 510 
28 854 
28 317 



432 

633 

13 560 

19 137 



200 

4 923 

8 669 

263 148 



2 901 

3 109 
68 263 
72 430 



613 
97 934 
103 643 



(D) 

268 

355 

23 697 

32 796 

1 332 470 

3 367 597 

46 

26 



20 

277 
299 
20 272 
20 027 
913 907 
791 312 



1 936 


(D) 


4 573 


(D) 


2 308 156 


(D) 


6 042 457 


(D) 



427 
493 

54 426 

55 462 
804 130 
235 170 

48 
28 



2 280 
7 453 
6 240 



34 383 

53 296 

2 975 273 

5 233 786 



9 500 
498 583 
351 232 



13 804 

8 722 

412 805 



30 162 
26 072 
73 172 
60 101 



192 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 -Con 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see int'Oductory text] 



Harvested cropland- farms, 



Irrigated farms, 

acres, 

Corn for gram or seed farms, 

acres, 
busfiels, 

Irrigated farms, 

acres, 

1 987 farms by acres fian/ested: 

1 to 24 acres ___ 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987, 
1982. 
1987. 
1982.. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



Wfieat for grain farms, 

acres, 
bushels, 

Irngaled farms, 

acres, 

1987 farms by acres fiarvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



Tobacco __ farms. 19 



Irngaled farms, 



1 .0 to 1-9 aci 
2.0 to 2.9 aci 
3.0 to 4 9 aci 
5.0 to 9.9 aci 
10.0 acres oi 



Soybeans for beans farms. 



Irrigated farms. 



1987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



i. 1987. 

1982. 
1, 1987. 

1982. 
1. 1987. 

1982. 
., 1987. 

1982. 
,. 1987. 

1982. 



acres, 
tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms, 

acres, 

1987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987. 
1982- 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



Vegetables harvested tor sale (see text) farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated _ farms. 1987- 

1982. 
acres. 1987. 
1982.. 
1987 farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4 9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 10 99.9 acres-- 

100.0 acres or more 



527 

687 

20 603 

30 722 



172 

258 

5 778 

11 349 

264 281 

938 843 



2 514 

2 433 

100 491 

84 632 



1982-- 


505 


, 1987- 


2 566 


1982-. 


5 656 


. 1987- 


3 245 681 


1982.. 


7 331 601 


, 1987.. 


47 


1982.. 


63 


. 1987.. 


761 


1982.. 


1 138 



6 213 

8 039 

140 655 

199 178 



3 901 
3 500 
5 671 
5 256 



226 

19 399 

28 628 

1 748 862 

3 163 017 

31 

35 



14 725 

15 004 
767 795 
698 813 



286 

355 

52 811 

60 138 

1 001 570 

1 566 749 

45 

32 



243 


5 094 


309 


5 045 


11 


53 


h 


51 


48 


4 494 


7 


3 392 



1 240 

1 289 

135 370 

145 148 



25 051 
38 920 

2 136 895 

3 485 316 



11 639 
10 634 
503 842 
373 605 



7 672 

4 356 

231 800 

133 426 



60 674 
54 855 
159 386 



625 
39 257 
39 662 



(D) 

238 
264 

4 137 

5 328 
339 978 
488 553 



569 

590 

26 932 

24 594 



23 

327 

457 

21 376 

32 176 

2 141 455 

3 279 517 



136 


2 901 


272 


2 745 


4 503 


133 700 


10 771 


106 034 



6 098 

4 390 

212 532 

129 134 



15 078 
15 390 

42 254 

43 043 



14 368 
1 044 964 
1 549 583 



1 812 

2 371 
89 218 
91 281 



3 445 

2 456 

116 130 

79 683 



8 093 
8 321 
17 337 



46 916 

68 982 

2 834 868 

7 827 020 



8 541 

9 467 
385 720 
434 965 



22 987 
20 274 
537 814 
552 521 



5 990 
5 151 
17 077 
15 312 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 193 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Crop 



Han/ested cropland farms, 

acres, 
Irrigated farms. 

Corn tor grain or seed farms 

bushels, 
Irngated farms. 



1987 farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987.. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982- 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



Wheat for grain farms. 



1 987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres ._. 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987. 
1982. 
1987., 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



Tobacco farms, 



Irrigated farms, 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1.0 to 1.9 
2,0 to 2,9 aci 
3 to 4 9 
5 to 9 9 aci 
10 acres 01 



Soybeans for beans farms, 



Irngated farms, 



1 987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982- 



acres. 
tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms, 

acres, 

1 987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



Vegetables harvested for sale { 
Irrigated 



i te)rt) farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 



)e7 farms by acres hai 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5 to 24 9 acres 

25 to 99.9 acres... 
100.0 acres or more . 



676 
22 768 
26 068 



1 372 

990 

46 694 

31 398 



215 

418 

1 595 

3 738 

1 854 018 

4 267 115 

17 

15 



3 580 

4 172 
87 427 
80 067 



5 835 

(0) 

8 285 



313 

358 

54 141 

72 728 

2 706 496 

8 126 049 



15 509 
15 675 
762 802 
678 435 



309 

342 

40 552 

43 235 

774 526 

1 230 512 

12 



4 626 
4 009 
10 814 
9 341 



902 
32 724 
39 779 



3 209 

3 834 

106 005 

118 455 



3 129 

8 104 

4 359 118 

10 895 634 



13 041 
10 962 
283 675 
266 952 



255 
238 
4 508 
4 238 
8 516 
7 570 



265 
305 

38 245 

39 566 



8 783 

11 573 

701 948 

1 279 274 



5 708 

4 321 

245 044 

209 090 



22 615 
22 416 
556 227 
667 977 



1 558 
1 178 
3 418 
3 030 



32 866 

41 532 

1 951 421 

4 463 024 



12 632 
14 361 
649 063 
592 423 



191 
233 
34 894 
46 601 
724 002 
347 622 



2 308 
2 750 

4 859 

5 625 



2 371 


685 


1 509 


1 004 


22 


2 


12 


2 


1 752 


(D) 


502 


(D) 



840 
77 744 
82 254 



457 

610 

19 308 

28 723 

1 287 673 

2 060 347 



254 

200 

6 056 

3 817 

267 710 

144 837 



631 
615 
27 425 
22 562 
67 929 
54 324 



580 
61 594 
76 328 



20 430 

1 350 150 

2 231 409 



5 376 

5 468 

225 257 

235 408 



347 

470 

41 334 

49 348 

964 244 

1 378 486 

16 

12 



194 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 



(Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



introductory text] 



Anne Arundel 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms farms. 1987. 

19B2_ 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Average size of farm acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm dollars. 1987. 

1982. 
Average per acre dollars, 1987. 

1982. 

Total cropland farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 



Irrigated land. 



.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 



Total sales (see text) $1,000, 1987. 

1982. 

Average per farm dollars, 1987.. 

1982. 

1 987 sales by commodity or commodity 
group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Grains farms., 

$1.000., 
Corn for gram farms., 

$1.000., 
Wheat farms., 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms., 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain farms., 

$1.000.. 
Barley farms., 

$1,000. 
Oats famis., 

$1,000. 
Other grams farms., 

$1.000., 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 
Tobacco farms. 

$1.000., 
Hay. silage, and field seeds farms., 

$1,000. 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1.000., 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$1.000., 
Poultry and poultry products farms., 

$1.000., 
Dairy products farms., 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1.000., 
Hogs and pigs farms., 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool ..." farms., 

$1.000., 
Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 

$1.000., 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6 782 

8 107 

1 883 435 

2 082 253 



5 987 

7 381 

1 469 504 

1 566 523 

5 698 

7 160 

1 194 181 

1 392 081 



628 
49 191 
37 758 



964 750 

1 000 968 

142 251 

123 470 



3 818 
116 665 

2 532 
51 110 

2 264 
15 700 

2 596 
45 841 



216 

8 013 

385 

63 146 



425 563 

1 431 

187 142 



18 915 

22 271 

420 

437 



2 759 
2 829 
61 308 
55 472 



229 
26 320 
29 537 



582 744 

333 148 

3 615 

3 140 



227 

18 297 

19 311 
172 
222 

13 541 
15 598 



7 255 
9 725 
40 758 
42 466 



598 902 

573 114 

2 985 

2 821 



38 291 
35 904 
116 742 
97 037 



453 670 

308 939 

3 541 



276 

13 083 
21 586 
110 
276 
9 629 
16 588 



400 
482 
115 564 
120 053 
289 
249 



478 292 

424 695 

1 631 

1 718 



396 
87 684 
97 483 



71 461 
67 408 
178 653 
139 851 



2 083 
265 

3 900 



628 711 

511 038 

2 239 

1 911 

442 

502 

107 135 

114 430 

427 

486 

89 766 

102 063 



53 673 
57 818 
115 426 
110 129 



(D) 


(D) 


17 


20 


1 058 


3 903 


8 


6 


(D) 


(D) 


261 


388 


56 024 


38 471 


192 


32 


50 634 


7 465 


24 


168 


3 043 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 195 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms. farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Average size of farm acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Value of land and buildings^: 

; per farm dollars. 1987. 

1982. 
; per acre dollars, 1987. 

1982. 

Total cropland farms, 1967. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



.farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see teid) $1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Average per farm dollars, 1987,. 

1982. 

1 987 sales by commodity or commodity 
group: 
Crops, including nursery and greentiouse 

crops farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Grains. fai 

Corn for grain 

Wfieat fai 

Soybeans 

Sorghum for grain fai 

Barley 



Other grains fai 

SI. I 

Cotton and cottonseed fai 

Tobacco 

Hay. silage, and field seeds tai 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

Nursery and greenhouse crops fai 

$1.1 
Other crops fai 

$!.( 

Livestock, poultry, and their products fai 

$1,( 

Poultry and poultry products fai 

$1,1 

Dairy products fai 



Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool... farms. 

$1,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



332 150 

330 773 

2 044 

1 874 



330 
22 268 
33 284 
184 
330 
15 070 
26 357 



7 004 
13 819 
37 057 
41 750 



109 830 

128 727 

432 



632 259 

703 444 

1 388 



225 

287 

90 192 

96 554 

218 

284 

79 293 

94 997 



51 068 
55 680 
201 055 
177 891 



191 150 

202 315 

288 

270 



693 560 

519 724 

2 418 

1 852 



153 313 

161 483 

628 



92 412 
94 023 
139 174 
125 364 



66 309 

67 800 
239 
260 



218 811 

192 540 

943 



261 

245 

35 937 

35 414 

253 

242 

27 461 

27 365 



16 286 
65 162 
62 399 



75 263 

93 096 

275 



610 327 

461 900 

2 363 

1 752 

265 

320 
59 337 
71 030 
254 
308 
44 118 
58 085 



23 153 
28 002 

84 499 

85 112 



17 550 
21 626 
147 482 
149 147 



257 
299 
124 353 
130 777 
484 
437 



1 042 156 

1 149 779 

2 238 

2 487 



245 

292 

103 714 

110 416 

239 



287 



43 156 
56 623 
167 923 
189 376 



196 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16 Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 

(Dala for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory lexl] 



■Con. 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms.. la™s. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

Average size of farm ..'...acres. 1987.. 

1982. 

Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm.. dollars. 1987., 

" 1982. 

Average per acre .dollars, 1987, 

^ 1962. 

Total cropland---. 'arms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Harvested cropland farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated land.. 'a™s, 1987. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 



Total sales (see text) $1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

i per farm. dollars, 1987.. 

1982.. 



1 987 sales by commodity or commodity 
group; 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Corn for grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Wheat farms- 

$1,000.. 
Soybeans farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sorqhum for grain farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Barley farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Oats farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Tobacco farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Hay, silaqe, and field seeds farms.. 

$1,000.. 
sweet corn, and melons farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and bernes farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Other crops farms., 

$1.000.. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$1,000. 
Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 
Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



249 
36 050 
36 675 

215 



546 658 

348 490 

2 805 

2 286 



246 

22 561 

23 874 
156 
244 

16 639 
18 431 



14 669 
14 155 
87 317 
56 846 



155 643 

162 236 

540 



966 082 

978 435 

1 928 

1 999 



280 

338 

132 344 

131 544 

269 

332 

107 993 

126 715 



30 706 
43 090 
106 619 
122 413 



11 550 

210 

5 226 



495 
51 236 
77 659 



316 749 

253 679 

2 070 

1 750 



493 
30 857 
43 256 



11 566 
20 761 
38 811 
41 941 



263 108 

252 777 

1 273 



244 

99 580 

113 826 

600 



1 301 533 

1 025 078 

2 177 

2 377 



226 
87 128 
96 126 
149 
218 
73 393 
92 790 



26 189 
34 900 
157 763 
143 034 



108 341 

116 298 

236 

252 



417 873 

354 531 

1 739 

1 485 



66 451 

88 463 

432 



52 754 
47 185 
114 932 
102 353 



292 167 

261 285 

1 903 

1 739 



133 365 
120 524 
224 699 
190 101 



490 
119 375 

453 
116 169 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 197 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 



Anne Arundel 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes: 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134. 0139) _ 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (C21) 

Beef cattle, except leedlols (0212) _ 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primanly livestock and animal 

specialties (029) 



FARMS BY SIZE 



1 to 9 acres 1987, 

1982. 

10 to 49 acres __ 1987., 

1982_ 

50 to 69 acres ___ 1987.. 

1982_. 

70 to 99 acres __ 1987.. 



19 
100 to 139 aci 

140 to 179 aci 

180 to 219 aci 

220 to 259 aci 

260 to 499 aci 

500 to 999 aci 

1982.. 
1,000 10 1,999 acres _ 1987 

1982. 
2,000 acres or more ._ 1987. 

1982. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners farms, 

acres. 

Part owners farms, 

acres. 

Tenants ___ farms, 

acres, 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 1987. 

1982., 
Not on farm operated 1987 

1982. 
Not reported 1987. 

1962. 

Operators by principal occupation. 

Farming 1987., 

1982.. 
Other 1987 

1982. 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

None _ _ 1987.. 

1982.. 

Any _ 1987.. 

1982.. 

1 to 49 days.. 1987. 

1982_. 

50 to 99 days ___ _ 1987 

1982-. 

100 to 149 acres... _ _ 1987 

1982.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1 202 

1 438 

663 



3 289 

3 867 

499 807 

626 680 

2 469 

3 017 
1 112 014 
1 165 200 

1 024 

1 223 

271 614 

290 373 



3 521 

4 200 

2 674 

3 075 



5 


9on 


6 


505 




45 




103 


1 


4/6 


8 


798 




16 




VI 


? 


107 


1 


915 



214 

257 

27 975 

36 918 



209 

243 

83 840 

89 352 



198 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

IData toe 1987 include abnormal larms- For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 



Cash grains (Oil) _. 

Field crops, except cash grams (013) 

Cotton (0131) - 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes: 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e-c, 

(0133. 0134, 0139) -- - 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) __ 

General farms, primanly crop (019) .-- 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beet cattle, except feedlots (0212) _ 

Dairy farms (024) _ 

Poultry and eggs (025). - 

Animal specialties (027) - 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



FARMS BY SIZE 



1 to 9 acres - --- -- laa/- 

1982. 
10 to 49 acres — 1987_ 

1982_ 
50 to 69 acres --- 1987_ 

1982. 
70 to 99 acres - -- 1987. 

1982. 

100 to 139 acres - 1987. 

1982. 
140 to 179 acres 1987. 

1982- 
180 to 219 acres- - 1987- 

1982. 
220 to 259 acres -- - 1987. 

1982. 

260 to 499 acres -.- - 1987. 

1982- 
500 to 999 acres - 1987. 

1982. 
1.000 to 1.999 acres 1987. 

1982- 
2,000 acres or more --- -.- 1987- 

1982- 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners -- (arms. 1987., 

1982., 

acres. 1987- 

1982- 

Pan owners-- (arms. 1987., 

1982. 

acres, 1987-, 

1982- 

Tenants - „farms. 1987- 

1982. 

acres, 1987- 

1982- 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 1987. 

1982- 
Not on farm operated 1987- 

1982. 
Not reported 1987. 

1982. 

Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Farming 1987. 

1982- 

Other - 1987. 

1982. 

Operators by days of work oft farm: 

None 1987. 

1982- 

Any -- 1987- 

1982. 

1 to 49 days 1987. 

1982. 
50 to 99 days 1987. 

1982- 
100 to 149 acres 1987. 

1982- 

See footnotes at end of table 



255 

302 

49 727 

56 654 



9 


753 


9 


285 




47 




S4 


25 


IRfl 


22 


810 




10 




?n 


5 


563 


7 


422 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 199 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of aDbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Queen Anne's 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Casti grains (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (Ol3) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e c. 

(0133, 0134. 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except (eedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 



FARMS BY SIZE 



1 to 9 acres .- 1987. 

1982. 
10 to 49 acres — _.. 1987. 

1982. 
50 to 69 acres 1987. 

1982. 
70 to 99 acres 1987_ 



. 1987. 

1982. 
. 1987. 

1982. 
. 1987. 

1982. 
. 1987. 

1982. 



100 to 139 aci 
140 to 179 aci 
180 to 219 aci 
220 to 259 aci 
260 to 499 aci 

500 to 999 aci 

1982. 
1.000 to 1,999 acres — ._ 1987. 

1982. 
2.000 acres or more 1987. 

1982. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

Part owners farms, 1987. 

1982., 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Tenants farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987., 

1982.. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence; 
On farm operated _ 1987. 

1982. 
Not on farm operated 1987. 

1982. 
Not reported . 1987. 

1982. 

Operators by principal occupation; 

Farming 1987 

1982. 
Other 1987. 

1982. 

Operators by days of work off farm; 

None _ 1987 

1982. 

Any _ _ 1987. 

1982.. 

1 to 49 days 1987 

1982. 

50 to 99 days 1987 

1982. 

100 to 149 acres 1987. 

1982. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



18 


020 


15 


105 




54 




/2 


14 


H44 


16 253 




25 




43 


3 


OHR 


5 


317 



236 
21 543 
36 314 



387 

365 

21 079 

26 858 



218 
56 538 
70 364 



200 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 

[Data (or 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Con. 



Anne Amndel 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by days of work off farm— Con. 
Any -Con 

150 to 199 days --- 1987. 

1982. 

200 days or more ., 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years __ - 

10 years or more - 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

1 967 operators by age group: 

Under 25 years — - .- 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years --- 

45 to 54 years --. 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over _.. - 

Average age ,-- _ 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole propnetorstlip) . 



Partnership farms, 



Ottier tt^an family held farms, 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987 FARM PRODUCTION 
EXPENSES' 



Total farm production expenses farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. . 

$1.000.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms,. 

$1,000.. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Agncultural chemicals farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Petroleum products farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Electricity farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hired farm labor... farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Contract labor. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.- 

Inlerest farms. . 

$1,000.. 
Cash rent farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Property taxes farms.. 

$1,000.. 
All other farm production expenses farms.. 

$1,000.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



960 

3 954 

20.0 



109 
871 
1 371 
1 571 
1 655 
1 205 
51 



5 401 

6 602 
1 301 468 
1 454 775 

839 

1 061 

318 461 

374 514 

443 



6 775 
802 328 

3 252 
98 871 

4 329 
295 147 

3 353 
272 908 

5 273 
21 439 

5 285 
46 788 

5 342 
24 759 

6 476 
26 755 

5 907 
15 389 

4 008 
78 825 



3 954 
35 413 

2 853 
25 426 

5 990 
12 476 

6 775 
63 391 



1 956 

255 
I 379 

270 
1 772 

267 
1 167 

317 

1 596 

292 

714 



237 
17 018 
30 027 



340 

425 

89 570 

94 442 



401 


464 


62 607 


43 788 


228 


253 


7 032 


4 512 


239 


324 


32 414 


9 027 


210 


215 


31 492 


6 304 



1 567 
387 
670 



456 
1 810 

444 
1 159 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 201 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by days of work off farm— Con. 
Any — Con. 

150 to 199 days 1987. 

1982. 

200 days or more ._- 1987. 

1982. 

Not reported 1987. 

1982. 

1987 operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

1987 operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over 

Average age 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms, 



Partnership farms, 

acres, 



acres, 

Other than family held farms, 

acres, 



1987 FARM PRODUCTION 
EXPENSES' 



Total farm production expenses farms. 

S1.000. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 

Commercially mtxed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 
Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Customvi/ork, machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 

Interest farms. 

$1,000 
Cash rent farms 

$1,000 
Property taxes farms 

$1,000 
All other farm production expenses... farms 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



264 
22 461 
39 868 



256 


608 


74 306 


147 432 


87 702 


159 675 


23 


77 


44 


97 


16 326 


25 782 


21 005 


26 814 


18 


43 


10 


43 


(D) 


14 070 


18 256 


(D) 


2 


5 


2 


2 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 



199 
1 028 

203 
3 074 

216 
1 779 

239 

1 577 

203 

639 



659 

70 098 

388 



19 550 

442 

14 959 



361 
3 450 

535 
1 105 

659 
7 673 



2 782 
254 

3 195 



949 
130 

1 283 
229 
817 
269 

2 158 



237 
1 832 

235 
3 505 

229 
1 759 

256 

1 573 

210 



202 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(Data lor 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning ol abbfevialions and symbols, see inlroduclory text) 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS- 

Con. 

Operators by days ol work off farm— Con. 
Any— Con, 

150 to 199 days — 1967, 

1982 

200 days or more _ - 1 1987, 

1982 

Not reported 1987, 

1982, 

1987 operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years — 

5 to 9 years. 

to years or more - 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 

1 987 operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years - 

35 to 44 years - - 

45 to 54 years -- 

55 to 64 years _ - 

65 years and over 

Average age 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole propnelorsfiip) farms, 

acres. 
Partnership farms. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



1982. 
, 1987., 
1982. 



acres, 

Other than family held .farms. 

acres. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987 FARM PRODUCTION 
EXPENSES' 



Total farm production expenses farms., 

$1.000., 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms., 

$1,000. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms., 

$1,000. 

Commercially mixed tormula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

SI .000-. 
Commercial fertilizer farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Agncultural chemicals farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Petroleum products farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Electricity farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Contract labor farms.. 

81,000.. 
Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 
machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Interest farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Cash rent - — - farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Property taxes farms.. 

$1.000.. 
All other farm production expenses farms.. 

$1,000.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



16 286 


108 014 


26 955 


106 778 


28 


41 


37 


52 


6 301 


23 812 


6 051 


34 227 


26 


25 


14 


21 


4 411 


(D) 


3 669 


(D) 



257 


272 


4 238 


916 


270 


265 


1 928 


472 


290 


303 


1 481 


572 


259 


205 


475 


134 



268 

263 
40 954 
36 950 



13 


14 


3 781 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


351 


71 228 


277 


12 566 


286 


38 870 


269 


38 143 


215 


1 146 


170 


1 382 


222 


1 108 


286 


1 206 


306 


1 032 


230 


3 651 


60 


1 039 


299 


1 927 


121 


303 


242 


2 045 


120 


943 


326 


534 


351 


3 477 



499 

559 

60 483 

71 262 



456 


598 


38 794 


115 282 


200 


455 


3 816 


21 874 


385 


472 


12 288 


63 694 


339 


450 


9 581 


63 268 


406 


339 


975 


842 


393 


262 


2 534 


1 884 



1 995 

354 

5 389 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 203 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982- Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Anne Arundel 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT' 



Estimated market value of all macfiinery and 
equipment farms, 

$1,000, 

Average per farm dollars. 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms, 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms, 

number 

Gram and bean combines^ farms, 

number. 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 

Cattle and calves inventory : farms, 

number. 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms, 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 
Milk cows farms, 

number. 

Heifers and fieifer calves farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number, 

Calves farms. 

number, 
Cattle farms. 



Hogs and pigs inventory farms, 

number. 

Used or to be used for breeding farms, 

number. 

Other farms, 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms, 

number. 

Feeder pigs farms, 

number. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 

Hens and pullets of laying age inventory farms, 

number, 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms, 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987_ 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982- 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 



1987.. 
1982- 
1987. 



1987.. 
1987. 
1987.. 
1987. 

1987.. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982. 



6 775 
8 113 
515 338 
547 419 
76 065 
67 474 

6 180 

7 353 
16 004 
18 051 

6 351 



2 387 
2 555 
2 728 
2 844 



2 878 

3 474 
265 258 
299 539 

2 416 

2 974 

138 625 

155 702 



28 879 

29 073 
1 469 



2 245 
88 160 

2 105 
38 473 

2 816 

3 321 
136 096 
143 389 

1 847 
65 043 

2 501 
2 911 

71 053 

73 118 

769 

23 118 



693 
26 150 
24 645 
759 
1 040 
163 175 
143 884 



1 036 
361 064 
319 541 
233 
295 
88 440 
75 443 

214 

204 

13 561 

10 640 



493 

717 

3 676 722 

3 776 996 

1 353 

1 309 

257 061 880 

234 907 434 



3 348 
1 842 
53 145 
32 312 



? 


73fi 


3 


000 




33 




36 


1 


73? 


1 


533 




?6 




31 


1 


111 


1 


079 



176 
229 

7 420 

8 042 
42 160 
35 117 

162 



1? 


384 


12 


938 




98 




1?H 


5 


KH2 


6 


211 




5fi 




65 


1 


363 


1 


483 



10 811 
44 627 
39 030 

114 
273 
258 
477 



30 308 
32 264 
75 582 
66 938 

400 

458 

1 081 

1 198 

369 

448 

1 331 

1 384 



42 042 
38 991 
90 608 
74 269 



3 


007 


3 


1)19 




166 




■A)H 


11 


H39 


14 


093 




263 


10 


980 




?fi0 


5 


558 




3.37 




406 


16 


367 


18 


996 



366 
9 537 
10 602 



9 


?RR 


11 


500 




40 




65 


1 


Kl.S 


1 


759 




69 




10? 


fl 


183 


9 


741 




70 




104 


IR 


5?4 


22 


408 



(D) 


492 818 


129 884 


(D) 


175 




179 


2 


37 893 252 


_ 


33 819 176 


(D) 



204 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data lor 1987 include abnormal larms For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see introduclory text] 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT' 

Eslimated market value of all machinery and 
equipment larms, 

$1,000, 
Average per tarm dollars. 

Motortrucks, Including pickups ..larms, 

number. 
Wheel tractors farms, 

number, 

Gram and bean combines^ ...farms. 

number. 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 

Cattle and calves inventory .farms, 

number. 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows .farms, 

number. 

Milk cows farms, 

number, 

Heifers and heifer calves farms, 

number. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms, 

number. 

Calves ..farms. 

number. 
Cattle farms. 

number. 

Fattened on grain and concentrates farms, 

number. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms. 

number, 

Used or to be used for breeding farms. 

number. 
Other farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms, 

number. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms. 

number. 
Sheep and lambs sold farms, 

number. 

Hens and pullets of laying age inventory farms. 

number. 
Broilers and other meat-rype chickens sold farms 

number, 



1987.. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 

1987.. 
1987.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1987.. 

1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 

1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 



1982.. 
1967., 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982., 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



10 151 
13 184 
52 595 
39 832 



fi 


089 


5 


394 




45 




49 


13 


Hit; 


8 


K18 




IH 




11 


fi 


250 


2 


754 



496 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 


24 


14 


36 


18 


1 854 


(D) 


(L>) 


213 031 


1 


71 


2 


74 


(U) 


16 651 788 



1 248 

2 617 
605 



115 

134 

3 132 

2 896 

388 

493 

39 119 

43 802 



656 
36 390 
36 628 



5 


329 


4 


692 




R1 




97 


10 


636 


9 299 




?? 




20 


P 


400 


2 


003 




?6 




?R 


1 


h79 


1 


41H 




14 




?9 


1 


014 


1 


07b 



15 263 
12 788 
54 509 
48 998 



329 
18 932 
21 477 
70 377 
65 279 

238 





247 


IH 


511 


21 


892 




15? 




?()9 


7 


9.S3 


11 


045 




SO 




B5 


2 246 


? 


239 




HI 




143 


5 


707 


8 


806 



244 
8 826 
10 561 



10 801 
9 078 
90 768 
62 609 



28 578 
34 502 
111 197 
115 391 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 205 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 tnclude abnormal larms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introdjctory texlj 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 
equiprrenl farms. 

$1,000, 

Average per farm dollars. 

Motortrucks, including pickups farms, 

number. 

Wheel tractors farms, 

number. 

Gram and bean combines^ farms, 

number. 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 

Cattle and calves inventory '_. farms, 1987. 

1982_ 
number, 1987. 



1987,. 
1982., 
1987.. 



1982., 
1987.. 
1982.. 



Cows ana heifers that had calved farms, 

number, 

Beef cows farms 

number. 

Milk cows farms, 

number, 

iHeifers and heifer calves farms. 

number, 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves farms, 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number. 



Calves farms, 

number. 
Cattle farms. 



Hogs and pigs inventory farms. 

number. 

Used or lo be used for breeding farms. 

numbe 
Other farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold (arms, 

number. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms, 

numb 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 

Hens and pullets of laying age inventcry farms, 

number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms, 

numtjer. 

See footnotRS at end o' table. 



1987., 
1982. 
1987. 



1987., 
1987.. 
1987.. 
1987.. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987.. 
1987. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1987., 



1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 

1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
1982. 



1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 

1987.. 
1982. 
1937.. 
1982.. 



7 360 
7 426 
64 562 
29 823 



28 589 

36 370 

98 244 

103 324 



336 

930 

1 183 



? 


SP4 


3 


740 




14 




38 


h 


03? 


1) 


256 




5 




13 




(Ul 


3 


141 



10 554 
19 155 
34 832 
38 696 



14 070 


12 805 


97 


99 


31 522 


20 244 


24 


20 


5 257 


3 095 



21 316 
16 917 
60 728 
53 033 



20 377 

21 220 
122 015 



38 686 
32 814 
84 837 
71 181 

378 
428 
819 
885 
428 
430 



282 

17 529 
17 097 



14 046 

248 

3 805 



358 
9 614 
11 453 



32 728 

33 436 
54 729 
52 738 



206 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 
























[Maryland 


Allegany 


Anne Arundel 


Baltimore 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


CROPS HARVESTED 




















Corn tor gram or seed _ 


farms, 1987.. 


3 589 


17 


87 


139 


51 


197 


312 


150 




1982.. 


4 923 


25 


97 


190 


129 


281 


418 


186 




acres, 1987.. 


400 179 


822 


3 934 


17 958 


3 991 


22 048 


30 722 


21 024 




1962.. 


587 031 


884 


7 212 


24 001 


7 979 


31 686 


48 914 


29 722 




bushels, 1987.. 


30 145 244 


55 155 


269 507 


1 815 403 


214 320 


1 284 668 


2 732 351 


1 737 075 




1982.. 


60 281 884 


53 675 


655 098 


2 438 608 


550 402 


3 267 409 


4 895 859 


3 087 038 


Wtieat (or grain 


farms, 1987.. 


2 330 


8 


41 


66 


27 


200 


217 


83 




1982.. 


2 549 


7 


20 


84 


28 


239 


256 


92 




acres, 1987.. 


134 432 


(D) 


1 429 


2 978 


1 067 


18 475 


9 643 


4 118 




1982.. 


130 776 


38 


489 


3 309 


894 


18 931 


6 495 


3 529 




bushels, 1987.. 


6 339 852 


(D) 


61 095 


138 332 


35 728 


851 206 


445 610 


207 262 




1982.. 


5 395 863 


1 605 


17 332 


125 873 


30 677 


754 525 


321 043 


149 926 


Tobacco 


farms, 1987.. 


590 


. 


105 


_ 


85 


_ 


. 


_ 




1982.. 


1 362 


- 


156 


- 


267 


1 


- 


- 




acres, 1987.. 


7 808 


- 


1 145 


- 


1 216 




- 


- 




1982.. 


20 513 




2 190 


- 


3 654 


(D) 


- 


- 




pounds, 1987.. 


10 660 504 


- 


1 555 247 




1 572 312 






- 




1982.. 


27 922 625 


- 


3 127 571 




5 027 332 


(D) 


- 


- 


Soybeans tor beans 


farms, 1987.. 


2 615 


_ 


49 


57 


41 


270 


148 


108 




1982.. 


3 013 


- 


43 


73 


65 


348 


101 


108 




acres, 1987.. 


374 489 


_ 


3 187 


6 344 


2 499 


47 685 


13 219 


10 509 




1982.. 


390 727 


_ 


2 969 


4 785 


2 941 


51 273 


8 466 


9 945 




bushels, 1987.. 


8 800 630 


_ 


105 610 


234 164 


61 849 


728 478 


398 765 


336 756 




1982.. 


10 797 492 


- 


67 872 


137 652 


68 709 


1 154 968 


253 802 


302 743 


Hay-alfalfa, otfier tame, small grain, wild. 




















grass silage, green ctiop, etc. (see text) _. 


farms, 1987.. 


3 047 


40 


72 


163 


26 


76 


360 


130 




1982.. 


3 369 


40 


54 


176 


50 


69 


411 


149 




acres, 1987.. 


186 533 


2 663 


2 884 


8 176 


664 


3 023 


22 568 


8 178 




1982.. 


168 219 


3 083 


1 378 


7 939 


604 


2 066 


19 299 


8 103 




tons, dry, 1987.. 


485 725 


6 901 


4 865 


22 275 


842 


6 638 


59 868 


23 145 




1982.. 


437 563 


7 266 


2 569 


20 983 


1 147 


5 883 


46 627 


27 625 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) . _ _ 


farms, 1987.. 


671 


5 


26 


63 


11 


76 


36 


12 




1982.. 


794 


9 


27 


82 


10 


90 


22 


17 




acres. 1987.. 


36 200 


153 


728 


3 570 


399 


6 081 


2 601 


368 




1982.. 


35 740 


301 


528 


4 545 


82 


5 466 


1 764 


492 


Item 
























Charles 


Dorchester 


f^rederrck 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


CROPS HARVESTED 




















Corn for grain or seed 


farms, 1987.. 


85 


133 


366 


146 


189 


54 


222 


84 




1982.. 


176 


193 


484 


153 


257 


73 


269 


144 




acres, 1987.. 


4 424 


18 989 


22 793 


3 370 


19 600 


10 762 


44 385 


14 536 




1982.. 


10 490 


28 007 


35 524 


4 628 


29 653 


13 579 


68 073 


25 864 




bushels, 1987.. 


203 746 


1 729 898 


1 981 792 


288 074 


1 993 377 


1 013 704 


2 712 502 


I 416 594 




1982.. 


889 519 


3 106 321 


3 259 442 


433 057 


3 087 075 


1 475 452 


7 743 335 


2 683 140 


Wtieat for grain _ 


farms, 1987.. 


60 


149 


280 


10 


95 


31 


144 


57 




1982.- 


70 


171 


326 


14 


89 


41 


136 


74 




acres, 1987.. 


2 089 


13 907 


10 605 


77 


2 551 


1 669 


8 202 


4 766 




1982.. 


2 257 


14 534 


9 939 


210 


2 453 


2 195 


9 219 


4 304 




bushels, 1987.- 


86 072 


734 802 


463 906 


2 513 


120 421 


82 534 


373 743 


241 517 




1982.. 


77 755 


684 720 


353 566 


8 437 


95 904 


84 932 


425 426 


159 016 


Tobacco 


farms, 1987.. 


131 


. 


_ 


. 


. 


. 


. 


_ 




1982.. 


298 


- 


1 


1 


- 




- 


1 




acres. 1987.. 


2 042 


_ 


_ 


_ 


- 


- 


- 


- 




1982.. 


4 732 




(D) 


(D) 




- 


- 


(D) 




pounds. 1987.. 


2 670 806 


- 






- 




- 


- 




1982.. 


6 383 393 




(D) 


(D) 


- 


- 


- 


(D) 


Soybeans for beans 


farms. 1987.. 


63 


209 


96 


. 


78 


29 


184 


51 




1982.. 


100 


266 


66 


2 


89 


25 


180 


50 




acres, 1987.. 


5 207 


49 791 


7 488 


- 


5 761 


3 292 


22 144 


9 809 




1982.. 


7 206 


57 366 


4 179 


(D) 


4 211 


(D) 


19 814 


6 258 




bushels. 1987.. 


118 938 


965 250 


227 400 




202 039 


112 537 


520 962 


331 154 




1982.. 


182 573 


1 512 924 


130 106 


(D) 


124 163 


(D) 


641 360 


201 318 


Hay— alfalfa, othier tame, small grain, wild, 




















grass silage, green cfiop, etc. (see text) .. 


farms, 1987.. 


77 


25 


568 


246 


198 


69 


92 


119 




1982-. 


101 


31 


660 


223 


251 


77 


97 


139 




acres, 1987.. 


1 738 


751 


49 231 


17 067 


10 380 


5 482 


5 645 


10 399 




1982.. 


1 968 


1 144 


45 884 


14 735 


11 338 


5 069 


4 993 


8 372 




tons, dry, 1987.- 


2 882 


1 998 


141 098 


34 325 


33 727 


14 055 


16 608 


23 699 




1982.. 


3 266 


2 542 


126 813 


31 834 


35 513 


13 239 


15 140 


18 424 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ___ 


farms, 1987.. 


17 


59 


24 


13 


24 


10 


18 


25 




1982.. 


19 


81 


34 


16 


31 


18 


23 


26 




acres, 1987- 


141 


6 022 


252 


146 


1 897 


487 


2 222 


838 




1982.. 


215 


4 997 


317 


435 


2 898 


708 


2 875 


537 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 207 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Queen Anne's 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for grain or seed . 



.farms. 1987__ 

1982_. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

bushels. 1987.. 

1982_, 

Wheat for grain farms. 1987,_ 

1982.. 

acres. 1987__ 

1982.. 

bushels. 1987.. 

1982.. 



...farms. 1987., 

1982. 

acres. 1987_, 

1982. , 

pounds, 1987- 

1982., 



Soybeans for beans , 



...farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres. 1987. 

1982. 

bushels, 1987. 

1982. 



6 520 

8 584 

360 432 

620 579 



1 221 

678 

42 760 

18 637 



2 831 
1 270 498 
3 489 788 



2 492 

3 537 
66 577 
68 827 



3 020 

1 752 
5 151 

2 333 



50 793 

71 676 

2 587 772 

8 031 592 



14 708 

15 415 
733 742 
670 484 



37 956 

41 649 

733 897 

1 195 800 



3 763 
10 240 
8 970 



6 429 
10 459 
333 004 
781 388 



2 185 

3 316 
77 023 

104 092 



2 420 

7 050 

3 591 641 

9 614 191 



9 546 

9 747 

222 181 

240 696 



8 575 

11 219 

688 854 

1 246 371 



5 407 

4 193 

231 898 

206 637 



31 619 

41 025 

1 887 321 

4 417 931 



12 123 
14 162 
623 507 
584 224 



16 946 

24 842 

1 175 347 

1 815 649 



5 316 

3 403 

237 010 

131 508 



14 452 
19 516 

1 316 644 

2 145 742 



5 276 
215 020 
228 495 



200 

254 

25 487 

33 294 

2 347 704 

3 597 202 



(D) 

3 537 

(D) 

161 049 



21 316 
20 932 
523 680 
628 484 



1 032 

2 865 
2 750 



33 027 

45 852 

689 799 

1 328 714 



2 092 
2 514 

4 586 

5 076 



3 675 
1 548 
97 319 
30 578 



358 
360 
22 533 
18 391 
59 897 
47 926 



38 327 

45 658 

902 812 

1 293 777 



41 215 

39 764 

1 220 463 

1 246 715 



1 092 

2 834 
2 445 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) farms. 



208 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 17. Milk Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning o* abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 









Sales 


Geographic area 




Milk goats 


Goal milk 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Gallons 


Total sales 
(SI, 000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Maryland 1987_, 

1982.. 

COUNTIES, 1987 

Allegany 


1«8 
306 

7 
5 
8 
6 
5 
17 
9 
8 
32 
13 

12 
12 
17 
8 
8 
20 
3 
8 


1 487 

2 004 

(D) 
8 
40 
51 
44 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
376 
101 

(D) 
38 

(D) 
19 
44 
78 
4 
38 


67 
138 

1 
2 
1 
9 
3 
6 
15 
5 

6 
4 
4 

3 

7 

1 


636 
1 054 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(0) 
(D) 
(D) 
143 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
12 

7 
38 

(D) 


18 
18 

1 
1 
3 
1 
2 
3 
2 

_ 

1 

1 
2 

1 


66 353 
26 168 

ID) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(0) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 


76 
(NA) 

1 
2 
1 

12 
3 
7 

15 
6 

6 
4 

5 

4 
8 

2 


203 
142 




(D) 


Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


Frederick ___ 

Garren 

Harford 

Howard. __ 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 


35 
4 

4 

1 
1 

(Z) 


Washington 

Worcester _.. .__ 


5 
(D) 







Table 18. Angora Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Angora goats 


Mohair 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


Total sales 
($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Maryland 1987_. 

1982. . 


11 
10 


69 
18 


3 

1 


14 
(D) 


5 
1 


312 
(D) 


5 
(NA) 


3 
(D) 



Table 19. Mink and Their Pelts— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviation 


and symbols, see 


ntroductofy text) 














Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Sales 
(31.000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Maryland 1987.. 

1982.. 


8 
4 


1 406 
(D) 


7 
6 


1 648 
32 377 


70 
701 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 209 



Table 20. Colonies of Bees and Honey— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 









Sales 


Geographic area 




Colonies of bees 


Honey 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


Total sales 
($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Maryland 1967.. 

1982.. 

COUNTIES, 1987 

Allegany 


439 
509 

20 
16 
34 
18 
8 
43 
18 
19 
34 
32 

26 
14 
5 
30 
31 

32 
7 
6 
26 
11 
4 


5 779 
4 908 

97 
96 
173 
86 
115 
324 
477 
159 
535 
114 

504 
62 
14 

287 

867 
24 

164 
54 
21 
(D) 
79 
(D) 


21 
23 

1 
1 
2 
2 
2 

1 

1 

2 
2 

1 
1 
1 

2 

1 

1 


227 
291 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D] 
(Dl 

(D) 


132 
116 

7 
5 

19 
6 
3 

13 
4 
9 
6 
6 

9 
3 
1 
6 
13 
2 
7 
3 
2 
7 
1 


126 094 
90 752 

1 490 

1 625 

2 505 
1 573 

(D) 

9 371 

(D) 

3 768 
11 440 

600 

10 347 
180 
(D) 

7 200 

22 498 

(D) 

3 440 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


142 
(NA) 

7 
5 
19 
6 

,1 
5 
9 
7 
6 

10 

2 

7 
13 
2 
7 
4 
2 
7 
2 


92 
101 

(D) 

1 


Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery _, 

Pnnce George's 


3 
2 
3 
6 
3 
4 
7 
(Z) 

7 
(Z) 
(D) 
12 
17 
(D) 


St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 


3 
(Z) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 







Table 21 Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[Not published lor this State) 



Table 22. Miscellaneous Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



DUCKS 
State Total 
Maryland 



Counties, 1987 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore __ 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll- 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford.- 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _. 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester _ 

All other counties. 



Counties, 1987 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Garrett ._ 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's -. 

St. Mary's 

Talbot 

Washington 

All other counties. 



210 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 22. Miscellaneous Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Counties, 1987 



Baltimore 

Harlord 

Queen Anne's 

All other counties- 



4 451 
(D) 
(D) 

4 213 



17 424 
(0) 
(D) 

13 496 



Maryland 1987.. 



Counties, 1987 



Baltimore 

Carroll 

Queen Anne's 

All other counties. 



(D) 

2 920 

(0) 



(D) 

5 060 

(D) 



OTHER 
POULTRY 



Counties, 1987 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Garrett ,._ 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George*s 

All other counties 

POULTRY 
HATCHED (SEE 
TEXT) 

State Total 



Counties, 1987 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Caroline ___ ^- 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Fredehck 

Garrett 

Harford 

Kent 

Pnnce George's ... 

Queen Anne's 

St Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties.. 



(D) 

1 050 

(D) 



(0) 
(D) 
23 304 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

65 000 525 

509 
(0) 
603 
338 
3 654 
(D) 
(D) 

66 193 504 

(D) 

610 

112 185 915 

95 747 595 



Table 23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory text] 




















Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Sales 

($1,000) 


MULES, 
BURROS, AND 
DONKEYS 

State Total 

Maryland 1987.. 

1982-. 

Counties, 1987 

Allegany 


174 
81 

3 
8 
16 
14 
8 
7 
3 
27 
7 
11 
13 
5 


381 
232 

3 
17 
30 
28 

9 
15 

58 
12 
21 
25 
9 


13 
5 

1 
1 
3 

1 
2 


21 
14 

(D) 

(D) 

3 

(D) 
(D) 


6 
6 

(D) 
(D) 

1 

(D) 
(Dl 


MULES, 
BURROS, AND 
DONKEYS- 

Con. 

Counties, 1987- 

Con. 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

SI. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 


10 
5 
6 

4 
6 
12 

4 
5 


69 

6 
9 
8 
20 
20 
11 
7 


3 
2 


4 
(D) 




Baltimore 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles— -. 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Gan-ett 

Harford 

Howard- 

Kent 


1 

(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 211 



Table 23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties— Inventory and 
Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see rntroductory text] 



GOATS. TOTAL 

State Total 
Maryland 



Counties, 1987 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel . 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery .. 
Pnnce George": 
Queen Anne's. 

St Marys 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington ___ 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



GOATS, EXCEPT 
ANGORA AND 
MILK 



State Total 

Maryland 1987_ 

1982- 



(D) 


(NA) 


(U( 


(NA) 


49 


(NA) 


22 


(NA) 


(U) 


(NA) 


192 


(NA) 


M 


(NA) 


/a 


(NA) 


(01 


(NA) 


229 


(NA) 


54 


(NA) 


9B 


(NA) 


2/ 


(NA) 


- 


(NA) 


24 


(NA) 


4/ 


(NA) 




(NA) 


B4 


(NA) 


(U) 


(NA) 


(L)l 


(NA) 


6b 


(NA) 


23 


(NA) 


33 


(NA) 



GOATS, EXCEPT 
ANGORA AND 
MILK-Con. 

Counties, 1987 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harlord 

Howard 

Kent .- 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

RABBITS AND 
THEIR PELTS 

State Total 

Maryland 1987., 



Counties, 1987 

Anne Arundel .,__. 

Baltimore 

Calven 

Caroline 

CarrolL.- 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford.- 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

St. Mary's 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties.. 



(D) 


(D) 


(L>» 


(D) 


(U| 


4 


(D) 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 


U)^ 




(0) 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 


(Ul 


(D) 


86 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 


(U) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(U) 


2 



12 807 


30 


12 319 


84 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(0) 


1 162 


1 


(D) 


(D) 


1 520 


4 


140 


1 


446 


1 


(D) 


(D) 


39 


(Z) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 



Table 24. Grains— Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CORN FOR GRAIN OR SEED 
(BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany ^ 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert _ 

Caroline .- 

Can-oil 

Cecil - 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 



432 409 


31 


941 714 


1 379 




86 533 


4 678 




311 127 


19 322 


1 


920 672 


4 923 




253 148 


23 697 


1 


332 470 


34 383 


? 


975 273 


22 457 


1 


823 321 


5 778 




264 281 


19 399 


1 


748 862 


25 051 


2 


136 895 



(0) 

(D) 

3 455 



1 435 
8 624 
25 732 
8 669 
32 796 
53 296 
31 159 
11 349 
28 628 
38 920 



90 874 
769 318 

2 572 934 
591 160 

3 367 597 
5 233 786 
3 218 555 

938 843 
3 163 017 
3 485 316 



212 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 24. Grains— Com, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CORN FOR GRAIN OR SEED 
(BUSHELS)-Con. 

Counties— Con. 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard _ _ 

Kent .,_ 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's--- _... 

Somerset 

Talbot , 

Washington 

Wicomico _ __. 

Worcester 

SORGHUM FOR GRAIN OR 
SEED (BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland--- 

Counties 

Carroll 

Dorchester 

St. Mary's __- 

Worcester- _ 

All other counties _ __. 

WHEAT FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline _ 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Hartord __. 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St- Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester--- 

BARLEY FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil _. 

Charles _. 

Dorchester 

Fredenck ___ 

Garrett 

Hartord 

Howard 

Kent _. 

Montgomery 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot _. 

Washington _. 

Wicomico 

Worcester __. 

All other counties 



4 137 


339 978 


21 376 


2 141 455 


11 135 


1 044 964 


46 916 


2 834 868 


15 857 


1 498 775 


7 614 


418 876 


54 141 


2 706 496 


7 813 


395 680 


8 783 


701 948 


32 866 


1 951 421 


19 308 


1 287 673 


14 998 


1 350 150 


26 398 


2 416 848 



36 911 
14 925 
24 096 
11 922 



46 081 


6 766 273 


117 


4 664 


1 681 


69 054 


3 390 


150 951 


1 351 


43 670 


20 272 


913 907 


11 113 


498 583 


4 283 


214 159 


2 514 


100 491 


14 725 


767 795 


11 639 


503 842 


136 


4 503 


2 901 


133 700 


1 812 


89 218 


8 541 


385 720 


5 007 


251 864 


1 372 


46 694 


15 509 


762 802 


3 209 


106 005 


5 708 


245 044 


12 632 


649 063 


6 056 


267 710 


5 376 


225 257 


6 737 


331 577 



59 268 


3 707 134 


(D) 


(D) 


3 861 


253 451 


272 


15 960 


10 859 


648 418 


6 629 


426 472 


1 692 


97 688 


95 


5 799 


7 041 


443 513 


5 645 


336 798 


442 


13 410 


1 851 


123 244 


2 045 


147 770 


1 243 


85 809 


1 229 


75 751 


4 643 


321 600 


1 319 


69 279 


1 237 


89 154 


2 815 


189 821 


4 275 


254 781 


1 208 


63 771 


771 


41 130 



(D) 

(D) 

2 448 



(D) 

(D) 

1 417 



14 368 
68 982 
26 896 



41 532 
28 723 
20 430 
34 152 



488 553 

3 279 517 

1 549 583 

7 827 020 

2 770 213 
817 533 

8 126 049 
847 822 

1 279 274 

4 463 024 

2 060 347 

2 231 409 

3 673 512 



(NAI 


(NA) 


946 


62 044 


M 


2 680 


(NAI 


(NA) 


(NAI 


(NA) 



38 204 


5 635 641 


73 


2 635 


603 


20 116 


3 619 


135 374 


980 


33 269 


20 027 


791 312 


9 500 


351 232 


3 677 


154 938 


2 433 


64 632 


15 004 


698 813 


10 634 


373 605 


272 


10 771 


2 745 


106 034 


2 371 


91 281 


9 467 


434 965 


4 662 


170 839 


990 


31 398 


15 675 


678 435 


3 834 


118 455 


4 321 


209 090 


14 361 


592 423 


3 817 


144 837 


5 468 


235 408 


3 671 


165 779 



72 491 


4 251 789 


34 


1 710 


4 636 


276 779 


917 


54 635 


13 156 


773 057 


6 564 


389 383 


1 902 


113 096 


182 


10 465 


11 863 


690 767 


4 917 


273 406 


331 


17 967 


2 475 


142 502 


2 335 


155 603 


1 868 


114 664 


1 420 


88 538 


3 941 


237 334 


1 564 


85 826 


2 797 


165 759 


4 197 


250 367 


3 416 


188 527 


2 414 


133 510 


1 099 


65 612 


(NA) 


(NA) 



(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
446 

(D) 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 



(NA) 

213 



Table 24. Grains— Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Geograptijc area 



BUCKWHEAT (BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland 



OATS FOR GRAIN 
(BUSHELS) 



State Total 
Maryland 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _. 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Talbot , 

Washington 

All other counties . 



RYE FOR GRAIN (BUSHELS) 



State Total 
Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's _ 
Queen Anne's -_- 

St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

All other counties 



SUNFLOWER SEED 
(POUNDS) 



State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 



7 455 

(D) 

38 544 

1 800 

4 601 

111 460 

14 952 

14 382 

118 301 

181 917 



19 319 

6 479 
8 725 

21 730 

(D) 

61 354 

39 641 

7 120 
139 055 

1 206 



6 622 
2 149 

2 835 

3 670 
8 112 
1 700 

4 649 

1 737 
17 690 

2 202 

2 715 

7 750 
6 460 

4 385 

5 573 

3 087 
2 548 
2 075 



308 


15 474 


47 


2 055 


653 


37 619 


43 


2 035 


66 


3 582 


2 132 


127 430 


355 


17 377 


250 


14 740 


2 607 


131 174 


4 577 


286 774 


485 


27 470 


128 


6 755 


213 


12 790 


606 


29 827 


(NA) 


(NA) 


196 


9 216 


464 


22 114 


(NA) 


(NA) 


2 283 


118 941 


(NA) 


(NA) 



2 363 
2 525 
4 624 
8 364 

2 602 
968 

7 685 

3 040 
7 932 

1 585 

4 405 

4 325 

5 190 

2 454 
2 051 
2 940 
4 768 

1 782 

2 665 
17 609 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 



214 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 25 Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and 
Peanuts: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



TOBACCO (POUNDS) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Anne Arundel___ 

Calvert __. , 

Charles 

Pnnce George's , 

St, Mary's 

All ottier counties 

SOYBEANS FOR BEANS 
(BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland __. 

Counties 

Anne Arundel : 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll _ 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford _ 

Howard 

Kent __. 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

Queen Anne's 

Si, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot - 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

IRISH POTATOES (CWT) 

State Total 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett ___ 

Hartord 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

St Mary's 

Washington 

Worcester 

All other counties 

SWEETPOTATOES 
(BUSHELS) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

Wicomico 

All other counties 



1 544 

1 936 

2 566 
1 595 

3 129 

10 



3 544 
6 691 

2 901 
54 426 
13 804 
11 296 

6 213 
52 811 

7 672 
6 098 

3 445 
22 987 

9 934 
3 580 

40 552 
13 041 
22 615 
34 894 

3 886 

41 334 
43 446 



1 977 066 

2 308 156 

3 245 681 
1 854 018 

4 359 118 

7 690 



115 459 
245 683 

68 263 
804 130 
412 805 
357 132 
140 655 
1 001 570 
231 800 
212 532 

116 130 
537 814 
334 626 

87 427 
774 526 
283 675 
556 227 
724 002 
100 896 
964 244 
1 282 773 



1 518 

1 042 

(0) 

(D) 

7 415 

(D) 
(D) 
270 

8 577 

(D) 

(D) 



(D) 
276 365 
60 388 



2 073 

(D) 

112 720 

2 964 



4 480 
(0) 
(D) 



4 573 
6 656 
3 738 



55 462 
8 722 

10 685 
8 039 

60 138 
4 356 
4 390 

2 456 
20 274 

6 504 

4 172 
43 235 
10 962 
22 416 
46 601 

1 691 
49 348 
41 783 



3 645 239 

6 042 457 

7 331 601 

4 267 115 
10 895 634 

(NA) 



143 563 
72 430 

1 235 170 
261 196 
320 858 
199 178 

1 566 749 
133 426 
129 134 

79 683 
552 521 
204 158 

80 067 
1 230 512 

266 952 

667 977 

1 347 622 

33 394 

1 378 486 

1 300 155 



31 


3 512 


1» 


1 885 


37 


5 519 


|U) 


(D) 


3? 


5 403 


(D) 


(D) 


:i2 


1 853 


(NA) 


(NA) 


96 


12 028 


(U) 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8 


1 178 


IS 


(D) 


13 


1 370 


17 


2 795 


40 


5 100 


III 


187 494 


(N/,, 


(NA) 



101 


28 435 


(NA) 


(NA) 


h 


520 


8 


1 660 


17 


3 930 


(NA) 


(NA) 


830 


288 950 


(NA) 


(NA) 



(NA) 

6 

(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 215 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Acres Quantity 



FIELD SEED AND GRASS 
SEED CROPS 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Carroll 

Frederick 

St. Mary's _ 

Washington __ 

All other counttes — 

RED CLOVER SEED 
(POUNDS) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

St. Marys 

Washington 

All other counties 

HAY-ALFALFA, OTHER 
TAME, SMALL GRAIN. 
WILD, GRASS SILAGE. 
GREEN CHOP. ETC. (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 

State Total 



Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _. 

Queen Anne s 

St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

VWorcester 

ALFALFA HAY (TONS, DRY) 

State Total 



Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel- 
Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil -.- 

Charles 

Dorchester... 
Fredenck 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery __ 
Prince George' 
Queen Anne's 

St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot ., 

Washington ._ 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



(D) 


(X) 


m 


(X) 


J01 


(X) 


iO) 


(X) 


11!4 


(X) 



7 661 

4 823 
12 077 

2 145 

3 519 
30 162 
10 574 

3 901 
918 

60 674 

26 932 
15 078 

8 093 

5 990 
14 445 

6 835 

4 626 
4 508 

1 558 

2 308 

27 425 
1 124 
1 310 



8 462 
7 248 
2 258 
2 329 
2 684 
576 
1 669 



7 276 
9 160 
7 620 



13 419 
7 676 

28 854 
2 749 

7 453 
73 172 
27 913 

5 671 

2 274 
169 386 

49 801 
42 254 
17 337 
17 077 

29 659 

8 286 
10 814 

8 616 

3 418 

4 859 
67 929 

2 344 



5 325 
1 642 

16 368 
599 

3 054 
34 017 

17 164 
632 



18 012 
27 428 

7 850 
9 896 

8 614 
1 534 
4 990 

892 

807 

1 729 

38 401 



7 153 

ID) 
12 510 

1 133 

2 280 
26 072 
10 079 

3 500 
1 228 

54 855 

24 594 
16 390 

8 321 
5 161 

12 894 
(D) 



2 750 

22 662 

729 

1 268 



1 978 

307 

4 592 



7 139 

4 942 

285 

178 

18 035 

6 970 

7 411 
2 106 
2 324 
1 891 

209 
1 147 
266 
286 
586 
9 497 
170 
316 



12 844 

6 920 

28 317 

2 097 

6 240 

60 101 

31 209 

5 256 

2 628 

141 808 



18 969 
15 312 
24 317 

5 137 
9 341 
7 570 
3 030 

6 626 
64 324 

1 751 

2 779 



13 924 

533 

3 020 

23 619 

19 037 
592 
644 

62 343 

16 414 
26 950 
7 136 
9 789 
5 177 
369 
3 677 
626 

1 030 

2 076 
29 578 

616 
1 048 



216 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviatrons and symbols, see inlroductory lext] 



SMALL GRAIN HAY (TONS. 
DRY) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert. 

Caroline 

Carroll,- 

Cecil __ 

Charles 

Dorchester ._ 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford _ 

Howard _ _ 

Kent 

Wontgomerv 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's. 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

TAME HAY OTHER THAN 
ALFALFA. SMALL GRAIN, 
AND WILD HAY (SEE 
TEXT) {TONS, DRY) 

State Total 



Maryland. 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore _ 

Calvert __ 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil _. 

Charles _.. _ __ 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett __, 

Harford _ 

Howard _ 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

Queen Annes 

St Mary's.. 

Somerset 

Talbot __ 

Washington 

Wicomico _ 

Worcester ..^ 

WILD HAY (TONS, DRY) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert. 

Caroline 

Carroll ___ 

Cecil __ 

Charies 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

All other counties 



228 

410 

2 720 

578 



424 
1 053 

509 

(D) 

1 025 

316 

(D) 



4 122 


6 060 


3 293 


4 870 


5 324 


9 889 


1 410 


1 846 


1 363 


3 067 


13 885 


28 236 


3 172 


6 341 


3 050 


4 378 


497 


1 027 


28 352 


59 615 


13 003 


22 615 


4 795 


9 667 


4 178 


6 499 


1 781 


3 804 


9 538 


17 360 


4 317 


5 818 


1 555 


3 039 


3 424 


6 590 


937 


1 874 


973 


1 598 


10 143 


19 564 


609 


1 257 


758 


1 719 



853 


921 


(L>) 


(D) 


/^S 


1 002 


(D) 


(D) 


34 


19 


490 


812 


443 


729 


2bb 


288 


949 


947 


/38 


821 


68? 


766 


443 


357 


(L)| 


(D) 


/90 


904 


471 


370 


m 


125 


(U) 


(D) 


31/ 


448 



(NA) 


(NA) 


(Ul 


(D) 


1 092 


1 789 


174 


504 


214 


229 


(Ul 


(D) 


2 255 


4 772 


494 


591 


360 


636 


265 


430 


(U) 


(D) 


573 


1 168 


88 


(D) 


490 


(D) 


151 


216 


123 


(0) 


(NA| 


(NA) 


939 


1 334 



160 


4 


467 


6 949 


133 


2 


523 


4 351 


?91 


6 


38/ 


11 771 


82 




782 


1 346 


60 


1 


1)91 


2 318 


6/8 


14 


995 


29 541 


1B4 


3 


331 


7 728 


1/0 


2 


911 


4 272 


24 




558 


869 


824 


26 


386 


55 488 


395 


12 


429 


21 588 


320 


6 


166 


12 161 


183 


5 


0h» 


9 830 


55 


1 


204 


2 374 


262 


9 


2«6 


16 097 


140 


3 


1/4 


4 127 


m 


1 


578 


3 191 


20/ 


3 


531 


6 235 


53 




4H9 


1 094 


48 


1 


30/ 


2 397 


386 


8 


869 


17 086 


44 




4611 


1 019 


36 




732 


1 490 



46 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


^;'6 


219 


65 


84 


70 


96 


6H1 


983 


744 


650 



(D) 
368 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 



(NA) 

217 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geograpiiic area 



GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, 
AND GREEN CHOP HAY 
(TONS, GREEN) 



State Total 

Maryland 



Allegany _ __. 

Baltimore _. 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Garrett _ 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's . 
Queen Anne's... 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot - - 

Wastiington 

Worcester 

All ottier counties 



CORN FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS, 
GREEN) 



State Total 
Maryland 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll .__ 

Cecil -. 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent —- 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's .. 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Wastiington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



SORGHUM FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS, 
GREEN) 



State Total 
Maryland 



Baltimore 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Kent 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

All other counties 



291 
789 
443 

3 232 
1 552 
9 444 

4 389 
1 508 

881 
(D) 



(D) 

3 371 

(D) 



1 800 
6 002 

2 710 

22 173 
9 304 

74 105 

23 780 
10 021 

6 369 

7 028 

5 270 

739 

5 342 



(D) 

21 303 

(0) 

1 512 



870 


7 059 


476 


6 372 


2 667 


47 644 


178 


1 538 


2 979 


26 574 


9 976 


141 197 


3 773 


65 397 


114 


1 059 


360 


3 575 


30 828 


393 774 


5 090 


62 753 


4 624 


82 268 


1 922 


33 106 


3 238 


47 262 


2 934 


44 093 


426 


5 264 


3 818 


34 645 


629 


6 034 


554 


6 225 


1 398 


12 327 


15 466 


180 465 


265 


3 293 


579 


10 702 



325 
2 620 
1 567 



2 943 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1 380 
5 291 

2 325 
14 821 
11 558 
54 662 
23 637 

8 049 

3 105 
7 335 



641 


8 813 


464 


8 141 


(D) 


40 985 


198 


2 780 


1 655 


24 338 


12 942 


196 215 


4 488 


73 993 


166 


3 315 


188 


3 303 


34 042 


485 215 


5 190 


69 336 


6 724 


113 742 


2 823 


51 596 


5 085 


90 939 


4 623 


69 259 


(D) 


8 801 


2 836 


43 982 


(D) 


8 632 


562 


8 152 


1 192 


22 324 


15 372 


201 587 


236 


6 219 


436 


10 390 



(NA) 


(NA) 


(Ul 


266 


■M/ 


3 335 


(NA) 


(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 



218 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



LAND USED FOR 
VEGETABLES (SEE TEXT) 



State Total 

Maryland 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick ^__ 

Garrett 

Harford _ __. 

Howard 

Kent. 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot - 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

VEGETABLES HARVESTED 
(SEE TEXT) 



Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calven 

Caroline 

Carroll--- 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garren -- 

Harford -- -. 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

ASPARAGUS 

State Total 

Maryland 

GREEN LIMA BEANS 
State Total 

Maryland 



Counties 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

Can-oil 

Dorchester 

Fredenck 

Howard 

Phnce George's . 

Queen Anne's 

Somerset - 

Wicomico 

All other counties 



245 

5 031 

305 



1 858 
634 

2 128 



191 
962 

3 798 
435 

6 249 

2 718 
424 
243 

5 094 
303 



(NA) 

5 

(NA) 



484 
3 073 

803 
2 929 

668 

838 
2 706 

139 
1 493 
1 004 

316 



4 947 
140 

6 657 

1 939 

539 

309 

5 045 
378 



1 004 
313 

3 164 
573 



(NA) 
(D) 

326 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 219 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



SNAP BEANS 



State Total 

Maryland 



Allegany 

Anre Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Fredenck 

Garrett 

l-Iarford 

noward 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _ 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties 



State Total 

Maryland 



State Total 

Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

Carroll- ._, 

Frederick 

Gan-ett 

Harto.-d 

Prince George's ,. 

St. Mary's _. 

Somerset _. 

WiCOTliCO -- 

All other counties . 



HEAD CABBAGE 



State Total 
Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Charles 

Frederick 

Harlord 

Prince George's - 

Somerset 

Wicomico 

A'l oll',ei counties 



220 MARYLAND 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) i 



(D) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(D) 
(Z) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

(D) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982- Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



CANTALOUPS 
State Total 
Maryland 



Pnnce George's _. 

St, Mary's..- 

Somerset 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

AH other counties - 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



600 
707 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 221 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Com, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductory text) 
















1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irngated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


EGGPLANT 


















State Total 


















Maryland 


45 


41 


17 


10 


47 


45 


12 


S 


Counties 




















9 
12 
7 
3 
14 


4 
26 
3 
2 
6 


1 
2 
3 
2 
9 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
4 


8 

20 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 


4 

31 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 


3 
3 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(D) 


Baltimore 


3 
(NA) 


Wicomico 


(NA) 
(NA) 


KALE 




State Total 


















Maryland 


87 


485 


23 


120 


95 


212 


16 


64 


Counties 




















7 
24 

4 
10 

3 
19 

4 

4 
12 


6 
136 
(D) 
17 
(D) 
(D) 
2 
6 
19 


1 
6 

1 
5 

3 

1 
6 


(D) 
47 

'°! 

(D) 

(D) 
11 


6 

35 

(NA) 

3 

8 

17 

3 

(NA) 

(NA) 


8 

130 

(NA) 

7 

9 

24 

(D) 

(NA) 

(NA) 


6 

(NA) 
3 

3 

1 

(NA) 

(NA) 


. 


Baltimore 

Calvert 


60 

(NA) 

7 


Charles 

Prince George's 

St- Mary's 

Wicomico -. 


4 

(D) 

(NA) 

(NA) 


LETTUCE AND ROMAINE 




State Total 




















17 


20 


9 


12 


17 


9 


2 


(D) 


MUSTARD GREENS 


















State Total 


















Maryland 


39 


228 


13 


72 


23 


46 


5 


6 


Counties 




















4 
10 

5 
13 

7 


19 
32 
5 
145 
27 


1 
1 
2 
5 
4 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
21 
22 


(NA) 

12 

(NA) 

4 

(NA) 


(NA) 
19 

(NA) 
19 

(NA) 


(NA) 
2 

(NA) 
1 

(NA) 


(NA) 


Baltimore 

Caroline 

Pnnce George's 


(D) 
(NA) 

(D) 
(NA) 


DRY ONIONS 


















State Total 


















Maryland : 


11 


13 


4 


(D) 


17 


12 


- 


- 


GREEN ONIONS 


















State Total 


















Maryland 


24 


21 


7 


7 


40 


20 


1 


(D) 


OKRA 


















State Total 


















Maryland 


40 


34 


6 


6 


20 


25 


- 


- 


PARSLEY 


















State Total 


















Maryland 


8 


29 


6 


28 


4 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


GREEN PEAS, EXCLUDING 
GREEN COWPEAS 


















State Total 


















Maryland 


74 


1 474 


30 


949 


94 


1 661 


25 


1 146 


Counties 


















Baltimore _ 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Dorchester 

Montgomery... 


17 
8 
6 
3 
6 
3 
6 
4 
4 
5 

12 


32 

208 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
42 
11 

388 


2 

8 

1 
6 
1 
3 
3 
1 
1 
4 


(D) 
208 

(d') 

(D) 
(0) 
8 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
289 


12 
8 
6 

(NA) 
8 

7 
(NA) 
7 
3 
13 
(NA) 


7 

443 

3 

(NA) 

98 

9 

(NA) 

463 

(D) 

32 

(NA) 


1 
5 

(NA) 
2 

(NA) 
4 
2 
4 

(NA) 


(D) 
440 

(NA) 
(D) 

(NA) 




390 


Somerset 


(D) 
11 


All ottier counties _„ 


(NA) 



222 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



HOT PEPPERS 
State Total 

Maryland 

SWEET PEPPERS 

State Total 
Maryland _ 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _, 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties . 



State Total 
Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calven 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Harford __. 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's _. 

St. Mary's 

Washington 

Wicomico 

All other counties . 



RADISHES 
State Total 

Maryland 

SPINACH 
State Total 

Maryland 



Baltimore 

Kent 

Pnnce George's .. 

Oueen Anne's 

Somerset 

Wicomico 

All other counties 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(D) 
(NA) 

(D) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(NA) 
(D) 

(NA) 



(NA) 

2 

(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


(NAI 


(NA) 




(NA) 


(NAI 


(NA) 




(NA) 


(NAI 


(NA) 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




MARYl 


.AND 


223 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



SQUASH 
State Total 

Maryland 



Counties 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert. __. 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Fredenck 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's _. 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

Wicomico 

All other counties , 



SWEET CORN 
State Total 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil „ 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 
Queen Anne's __ 

St Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



TOMATOES 
State Total 



Allegany 

Anne ArundeL 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard - 

Kent 

Montgomery.. 
Pnnce George" 
Queen Anne's 

St Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington .. 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



949 
418 

1 134 
522 
356 

1 001 
(D) 



(NA) 

(NA) 

(D) 



238 

354 

2 462 



467 
2 026 

494 
1 452 



224 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meanrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



State Total 

Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Caroline .__ 

Prince George's _. 

St. Mary's 

Wicomico 

All other counties . 



TURNIP GREENS 



Baltimore 

Caroline 

Prince George's _, 

Wicomico 

All other counties . 



WATERMELONS 



State Total 

Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Pnnce George's _. 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties . 



OTHER VEGETABLES 



State Total 

Maryland 



(D) 

(D) 

(NA) 



(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 



(D) 
(D) 
393 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 225 



Table 28 Frults and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Acres Trees or \ 



Trees or vines not of bearing age 



Trees or vines of bearing age 



LAND IN 
ORCHARDS 



Counties, 1987 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore ___ 

Calvert _ 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil --- -- 

Charles 

Dorchester __ 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's -__ 

Queen Anne's 

St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

WastiJngton 

Wicomico 

Worcester _ 

APPLES 

State Total 

Maryland 



Counties, 1987 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles. 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's ,_. 

Queen Anne's 

St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Worcester 

All other counties .. 

APRICOTS 

State Total 



Maryland . 



CHERRIES, 
TOTAL (SEE 
TEXT) 



Counties, 1967 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's __. 
Washington 

All other counties _. 



159 


6 778 


57 


(D) 


8 


362 


207 


20 377 


320 


(D) 


19 


1 090 


22 


2 795 


279 


23 971 


45 


2 603 


139 


13 749 


100 


10 954 


107 


8 057 


60 


3 276 


8 


(D) 


27 


1 385 


(13) 


(D) 


(Ul 


33 


2 100 


164 061 


(0) 


(D) 



111 


1?0 


84 


389 




(D) 




34? 


1 


488 




(Ul 




2U 


h 


91/ 


2 


625 



(D) 
4 538 
2 915 



(D) 

324 

5 290 



2 083 

(D) 

6 416 

5 142 

2 378 

(D) 

964 

(D) 

(D) 

89 953 

(D) 



226 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Trees or vines not of beanng age 



Trees or vines of bearing age 



GRAPES (SEE 
TEXT) (FRESH 
WEIGHT) 



Counties, 1987 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert ._ 

Caroline _.. 

Carroll 

Cecit 

Charles... 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery _ 

Pnnce George's 

St. Mary's 

Talbot 

Washington 

All other counties __ 

NECTARINES 

State Total 

Maryland 



PEACHES 
State Total 



Counties, 1987 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baftimore 

Calvert __ 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles __ 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

How/ard 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counttes-- 

PEARS 

State Total 



Counties, 1987 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore __ 

Calvert 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles , 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

Washington 

All other counties. . 

PLUMS AND 
PRUNES (SEE 
TEXT) (FRESH 
WEIGHT) 

State Total 



2 436 


230 580 


3 375 


274 931 


(D) 


(D) 


35 


2 477 


132 


11 074 


55 


4 225 


51 


5 573 


188 


15 856 


185 


15 047 


4 


353 


(HI 


2 450 


153 


16 109 


129 


16 416 


53 


5 296 


151 


11 669 


88 


8 856 


17 


1 652 


16 


1 010 


124 


11 495 


893 


82 689 


30 


4 119 


(Ul 


(D| 


14 


1 666 



3 850 
3 028 

40 548 
3 550 
2 844 

30 143 
1 265 
1 422 



(D) 
3 769 
5 322 
15 278 
9 516 
3 838 
(D) 
22 025 
2 162 



(0) 
1 113 

(D) 
5 602 



(D) 
(D) 
17 504 
163 
164 

4 079 

(D) 

(D) 

(0) 

14 658 

(D) 
283 
(D) 

5 700 
5 270 



586 

(0) 

(D) 

1 135 



(D) 
45 624 



(D) 

730 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
1 081 
99 



(D) 

(D) 

23 044 

3 387 

2 680 
26 064 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

54 879 

(D) 

3 486 

(D) 
9 578 

4 246 
3 526 

(D) 
20 146 
1 838 



(D) 

2 161 
9 488 

3 639 

(D) 
(D) 

13 912 
337 

(D) 

14 367 

15 067 

4 522 

(D) 
3 859 
1 652 
(D) 
11 495 
37 065 
3 428 
(D) 
1 666 



(D) 
2 039 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
4 521 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 227 



Table 28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see 


introductory text] 




















Total 


Trees or vines not of bearing age 


Trees or vines 


of beanng age 


Harvested 




Farms 


Acres 


Trees or vines 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


OTHER NUTS 
(IN SHELL) 






















State Total 






















Maryland 1987_. 

1982-. 


11 
21 


16 
14 


198 
332 


3 
8 


37 
82 


11 
16 


161 
250 


6 
9 




867 
2 172 


OTHER FRUITS 
AND NUTS 
(SEE TEXT) 






















State Total 






















Maryland 1987.. 

1982.. 


40 
12 


38 

13 


2 399 
792 


25 
9 


1 578 
461 


32 
11 


821 
331 


20 




13 889 
(D) 



Table 29. Berhes Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 


see introductory text] 




















1987 


1982 


Geograpliic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irngated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


BERRIES 






















State Total 






















fvlaryland 


293 


811 


(X) 


104 


461 


335 


772 


(X) 


64 


376 


Counties 






















Allegany ... ... _ . 


9 


(D) 


(X) 


6 


23 


10 


87 


(X) 


2 


(D) 




13 


31 


(X) 


3 


(D) 


17 


(D) 


(X) 








31 
12 


50 
6 


(X) 
(X) 


4 
3 


(D) 
1 


48 
8 


50 
8 


(X) 
(X) 


3 


1 


Calvert.... 


- 




15 


32 


(X) 


11 


19 


18 


57 


(X) 


13 


33 


Carroll 


17 


36 


(X) 


2 


(D) 


25 


28 


(X) 


1 


(D) 


Cecil 


6 


30 


(X) 


5 


24 


13 


12 


(X) 


2 


(D) 


Charles.. 


15 


27 


(X) 


_ 


- 


13 


22 


(X) 


1 




Dorchester. 


6 


24 


(X) 


5 


23 


7 


(D) 


(X) 


3 


(D) 


Frederick 


21 


44 


(X) 


7 


37 


25 


46 


(X) 






Garrett 


6 


9 


(X) 


1 


(D) 


5 


4 


(X) 


1 


(D) 


Harford . 


21 


35 


(X) 


4 


13 


15 


31 


(X) 




(D) 




10 


57 


(X) 


5 


53 


15 


(D) 


(X) 


3 


32 


Montgomery 


15 


107 


(X) 


6 


93 


15 


80 


(X) 






Pnnce George's 


24 


111 


(X) 


13 


79 


24 


97 


(X) 






Queen Anne"s 


12 


11 


(X) 


5 


3 


8 


15 


(X) 






St. Mary's . . 


10 


9 


(X) 


2 


(D) 


19 


17 


(X) 




(D) 


Somerset ..... 


7 


15 


(X) 


4 


10 


6 


17 


(X) 






Washington 


30 


47 


(X) 


11 


10 


24 


27 


(X) 


1 


(D) 


Wicomico 


10 


33 


(X) 


5 


21 


13 


42 


(X) 








3 


(D) 


(X) 


2 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(X) 


(NA) 




BLACKBERRIES (POUNDS) 




State Total 






















Maryland 


56 


37 


80 856 


13 


(D) 


51 


38 


59 207 


15 


16 


Counties 
























4 
7 


2 

(D) 


1 688 

2 774 


1 
2 


(Dl 
(D) 


5 
13 


9 
(D) 


10 460 
5 471 


3 
1 


(D) 


Baltimore 


(D) 


Calvert... 


3 




400 


- 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Caroline .. 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Carroll.. 


5 


(D) 


310 


_ 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




Cecil 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


- 


- 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Charles 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


_ 


- 


4 


(D) 


1 075 




- 


Frederick ... 


3 


(D) 


1 520 


1 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Hartord 


3 


1 


514 


- 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Montgomery 


5 


(D) 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




Prince George's 


7 


13 


34 390 






7 


7 








St Mary's 


3 


(D) 


(D) 


- 


- 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




7 


5 


17 245 


6 


4 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




TAME BLUEBERRIES 




(POUNDS) 






















State Total 






















Maryland 


31 


53 


68 797 


15 


36 


24 


22 


22 512 


4 


4 



228 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



(For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introduclory text] 



RASPBERRIES (POUNDS) 



State Total 

Maryland 



Allegany 

Baltimore 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Frederick 

Harford 

Montgomery 

Queen Anne's --. 

Washington 

All other counties 



STRAWBERRIES (POUNDS) 



State Total 

Maryland 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil -- 

Charles --. 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harlord 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _ 

Queen Anne's 

St, Mary's 

Somerset 

Washington 

Wicomico 

All other counties , 



(D) 

3 260 

(D) 
2 513 

4 980 

(D) 
7 560 
1 500 
51 520 
6 000 
24 150 
27 396 



61 560 
81 636 
65 909 
8 406 



39 850 

(D) 

94 535 

41 634 
76 286 
253 779 
303 007 
397 280 
20 600 
19 450 
62 900 
64 398 
69 280 
8 078 



4 


4 178 


(NA) 


(NA) 


11 


11 700 


(NAl 


(NA) 


(Ul 


(D) 


7 


6 213 


(NA) 


(NA) 


10 


11 380 


(NAl 


(NA) 


(IJ) 


17 972 


(NA) 


(NA) 



(D) 
121 092 
137 123 
(D) 
192 250 
33 655 
11 690 
54 970 



(D) 

73 875 

(D) 

(D) 

448 753 

76 800 

35 240 

38 991 

40 751 

47 801 

(NA) 



(D) 
(NA) 

(D) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

(D) 

(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 229 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



introductory text] 



Sq. ft- under 

glass or other 

protection 



Sq ft. under 
glass or other 

protection 



NURSERY AND 
GREENHOUSE CROPS 
(SEE TEXT) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Can-oil 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harlord 

Howard ._. 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico _.. _. 

Worcester _ 

NURSERY, FLORICULTURE, 
VEGETABLE AND FLOWER 
SEED CROPS, SOD, ETC., 
GROWN IN THE OPEN, 
IRRIGATED (SEE TEXT) 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline _. 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Fredenck 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's..- 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

All other counties 

BEDDING PLANTS 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 

Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert. ___ 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles __ 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard .__. 

Montgomery __, 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Washington 

Wicomico _ __. 

All other counties 



5 996 


355 


10 364 


63 869 




(0) 


(D) 


(0) 


i-llO 


HSH 


479 


2 207 


1 977 


H45 


699 


10 782 


8 


A)0 


25 


120 


135 


()// 


262 


1 064 


216 


460 


1 024 


3 951 


ib? 


89/ 


39 


2 818 


46 


08/ 


77 


330 


11 


364 


101 


319 


105 


/48 


301 


1 136 


67 


747 


16 


221 


159 


38B 


182 


1 579 


/Sh 


026 


340 


4 543 


32 


92/ 


(D) 


(D) 


434 


S35 


2 686 


8 957 


611 


90/ 


1 065 


7 814 




(Ul 


(D) 


375 


63 


640 


14 


275 




(U) 


(D) 


568 




(U| 


(D) 


(D) 


119 


950 


18 


317 


154 


560 


409 


4 160 




(U) 


(D) 


(D) 



(X) 


212 


(X) 


IXI 


71 


(X) 


|X| 


(D) 


(X) 


(XI 


176 


(X) 


(XI 


63 


(XI 


(XI 


(D) 


(X) 


(XI 


10 


(XI 


(XI 


(D) 


(X) 


(XI 


(D) 


(X) 


(X) 


40 


(X) 


(X) 


22 


(X) 


(XI 


(D) 


(X) 


(X) 


82 


(X) 


(XI 


103 


(X) 


(XI 


(D) 


(X) 


(XI 


8 


(X) 


(XI 


(Dl 


(XI 


(X) 


342 


(X) 


(XI 


86 


(X) 



2 266 


163 


367 


14 047 


3 


060 




(D) 


132 


4H9 


8 


536 


835 


/95 


(D) 


4 152 




(U) 


(D) 


(D) 


68 


40X 




239 


74 


950 


(D) 


358 




(U) 


- 


(Dl 


23 


/OO 


(D) 


60 




(U| 


(D) 


(Dl 


55 


134 


(D) 


212 




(Dl 




101 




(Ul 




102 


239 


13H 


(D) 


1 041 


220 210 


1 


1 033 


240 


326 


4 


3 058 


46 


049 


(D) 


190 


40 


640 


(Dl 


173 


58 


9/0 




125 


20 


600 


195 


1 547 


3 896 


70 


425 



4 707 673 


7 660 


(Dl 


(0) 


254 374 


(D) 


1 648 282 


323 


6 672 


14 


48 268 


378 


36 032 


794 


374 494 


28 


64 040 


107 


6 300 


77 


123 470 


(Dl 


6 920 


79 


51 034 


255 


783 067 


808 


(Dl 


(Dl 


224 959 


1 030 


552 693 


364 


35 546 


58 


26 093 


19 


(Dl 


440 


(Dl 


(Dl 


61 084 


9 


203 273 


419 


(Dl 


(Dl 



(XI 


19 


(XI 


96 


(X) 


(NAl 


(XI 


284 


(XI 


(Dl 


(XI 


5 


(XI 


12 


(XI 


56 


(XI 


21 


(XI 


17 


(XI 


24 


(XI 


(Dl 


(XI 


65 


(XI 


49 


(XI 


54 


(XI 


(D| 


(XI 


59 


(XI 


353 


(XI 


(NAl 



1 729 451 


475 


9 000 




193 802 


(Dl 


524 691 


35 


(Dl 


(Dl 


20 866 




(Dl 


- 


152 180 


(Dl 


16 440 


(Dl 


(NAl 


(NA) 


78 900 


(Dl 


(Dl 


(D| 


20 500 


- 


299 688 


(Dl 


86 250 


(Dl 


211 653 


3 


14 598 


- 


16 857 


(Dl 


12 352 




38 588 


308 


(NAl 


(NAl 



230 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con 



[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Sq, ft, under 

glass or other 

protection 



Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 



CUT FLOWERS AND CUT 
FLORIST GREENS 



State Total 

Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's ., 
All other counties 



FOLIAGE AND POTTED 
FLOWERING PLANTS, 
TOTAL 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll .__ 

Charles ._ 

Fredehck 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's . 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Washington 

Wicomico 

All other counties 



FOLIAGE PLANTS 

State Total 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Carroll , 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's ., 
All other counties 



POTTED FLOWERING 
PLANTS 



Maryland 

Counties 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll .___ 

Charles 

Fredenck 

Garrett. 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _. 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Washington 

Wicomico 

All other counties . 



(D) 
61 500 
14 994 



108 080 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

368 313 



806 060 
(D) 
(D) 
ID) 
12 177 
(0) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 



(D) 


(0) 


914 140 


42 


(D) 


(0) 


(D) 


(D) 


93 800 


17 


12 177 


3 


32 130 


2 


13 799 


_ 


43 360 


(D) 


424 488 


13 


117 900 


13 


268 280 


5 


24 365 


_ 


(D) 


3 


41 000 


(D) 


84 400 


(D) 


439 249 


202 



(D) 

130 200 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(D) 

(D) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

(NA) 

(D) 



15 


41 576 


6 


4? 


760 720 


28 


4 


(D) 


(D) 


■J 


(D) 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8 


33 150 


8 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


6 


3 034 


(D) 


13 


388 179 


7 


16 


74 828 


16 


2U 


268 540 


34 


6 


(D) 


(D) 


6 


(D) 


(D) 


5 


14 152 




9 


97 000 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



MARYLAt^D 231 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982- Con. 



[For meanrng o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 



Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 



Sq, ft- under 

glass or other 

protection 



MUSHROOMS 

State Total 

Maryland 

Counties 



NURSERY CROPS 



State Total 

Maryland 



Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Can-oil 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent__. 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _ 

Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties 



SOD HARVESTED 



Anne Arundel 

Can-oil 

Frederick 

Montgomery 

All other counties . 



VEGETABLE AND FLOWER 
SEEDS 



State Total 

Maryland 



GREENHOUSE 
VEGETABLES 



State Total 

Maryland 



9 475 

(D) 

9 805 

(D) 

12 640 

(D) 

77 132 

91 400 
(D) 

66 125 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(0) 
(D) 

49 560 

2 800 



75 
220 
(0) 
1 549 
283 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
51 



(D) 

728 

1 274 

(0) 
4 868 

2 632 

(0) 
(D) 
123 
50 



415 


833 


475 


714 


(U| 


190 


1 026 


2 331 


(U) 


1 685 



27 500 
(D) 
23 000 
51 731 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(0) 

47 033 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(D) 

(D) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



438 
406 

(NA) 
447 

(NA) 



232 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductory text] 
























1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


CORN CUT FOR DRY 
FODDER, HOGGED OR 
GRAZED 


























State Total 


























Maryland-. 


5 


43 


(X) 


- 






9 


133 


(X) 






- 


OTHER 


























State Total 


























Maryland 


21 


68 


(X) 


1 




(D) 


15 


259 


(X) 


1 




(D) 



Table 32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 
1987 and 1982 

[For classitication of social and ethnic groups, see text. For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductof7 text] 



Land in farms 



Harvested cropland 



agricultural 

products 

sold 

($1,000) 



Farms by value of sales 



Occupation farming 



Occupation other than farming 



STATE TOTAL 



COUNTIES, 1987 



Anne Arundel 

Calvert 

Caroline 

CarrolL. 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester _. 

Frederick 

Hartord 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's _. 

Queen Anne's 

St Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

All other counties. 



880 
2 551 
2 635 



2 441 

224 

1 431 

(D) 

838 

1 076 

6 332 

(D) 



239 


219 


607 


322 


456 


763 


163 


210 


311 


729 


658 


360 


2 062 


253 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 233 



Table 33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 



[For classification ol social and ethnic groups, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see 


introductory text] 












Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


Geographic area 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


Harvested 
cropland 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


Han/esled 
cropland 


Number 


Land in 
farms 


Harvested 
cropland 


STATE TOTAL 

ivtaryland — _ 1987,_ 

1982__ 

COUNTIES, 1987 


309 
413 

24 
47 
7 
3 
12 
39 
16 
4 
9 
10 

3 
15 
48 

5 
18 
10 

3 
12 
22 

3 


13 407 
16 262 

450 

1 861 

(D) 

(D) 

880 

1 495 

1 459 

194 

250 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
1 734 
224 
651 
609 

(D) 
293 

(D) 
202 


5 477 
5 172 

178 
343 
(D) 
163 
311 
287 
1 179 
79 
(D) 
(D> 

(D) 
(D) 

650 
39 

164 
93 
(D) 

204 
(D) 
30 


75 
117 

6 

7 
2 

7 
9 

2 
1 

1 
12 

6 
2 
4 

7 
9 


9 738 
11 293 

157 
271 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

585 
(D) 
294 
743 
4 524 


5 672 
8 248 

61 
214 
(D) 

286 

(D) 

(D) 
(Dl 

(D) 
128 

217 
(D) 
166 
647 
2 597 


48 
72 

3 
6 

1 

6 

1 

1 

1 

18 

3 
1 

1 
4 
2 

1 


2 633 
2 152 

42 

171 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

(0) 

196 
(D) 
(D) 
40 
(D) 
(D) 


1 725 
1 230 


Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford 

Howard-- 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Pnnce George's 

Queen Anne's 


60 

86 
(D) 

(D) 
163 

84 

(D) 
(D) 
40 
(D) 
(0) 


Somerset 

Talbot 

Wicomico 

Worcester 





Table 34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 



[For meanrng of abbrevtations and symbols, see introductory text) 







All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or 


Geographic area 








more 














Farms 


Land in 
farms 


Farms 


Land in 
farms 


BLACK 












State Total 












Maryland--- 


..1987., 

1982.- 


371 
551 


21 377 
27 186 


84 
141 


11 394 
13 447 


Counties, 1987 
















30 
69 
6 
3 
45 
22 
3 
9 
7 
4 


611 

2 303 

470 

(D) 

1 985 

2 448 

(D) 
323 
462 
292 


3 
11 
3 
1 
7 
3 

1 
3 
2 




Calvert-- 


1 088 
(D) 
(D) 
806 

1 573 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


Cecil _ 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Harford -- 

Howard 

Kent 




Montgomery 

Prince George's 

Queen Anne's 




9 

73 
5 
24 
13 
8 
18 
30 
3 


472 

2 381 

224 

1 171 

(D) 

838 

1 042 

4 817 

66 


3 

7 

6 

7 
2 

7 
18 


(D) 
303 


St. Mary's..- 

Somerset 

Talbot 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 




Worcester. 


(D) 


AMERICAN INDIAN 






State Total 












Maryland 


- 1987.. 

1982.. 


23 
26 


891 
763 


3 

1 


(D) 
(D) 


Counties, 1987 












Anne Arundel 




3 

5 
3 
5 


38 
(D) 
27 
60 
(D) 


1 




Charles 




Harford 

Prince George's ., 


(D) 
(D) 


ASIAN OR PACIFIC ISLANDER 








State Total 












Maryland 


1987.. 

1982.. 


14 
12 


612 

719 


5 
3 


(D) 
(D) 



234 MARYLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Geographic area 




All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or 


















Farms 


Land in 
farms 


Farms 




Land in 
farms 


OTHER RACES (SEE TEXT) 














State Total 














Maryland 


- 1987.. 

1982.. 


24 
13 


2 898 
1 039 


8 

7 




2 041 
964 


Counties, 1987 














Cecil 




6 
3 
3 

12 


533 

(D) 

(D) 

2 336 


3 
1 

1 
3 




(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

1 695 




Wicomico 







^Data tor 1982 exclude abnormal farms. 



Table 35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 

[For classification of Spanish origin, see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or 
more' 




Geographic area 
























Farms 


Land in 
farms 


Farms 




Land in 
farms 


STATE TOTAL 














Maryland 


1987.. 

1982.. 


41 
32 


6 032 
3 780 


15 

11 




4 388 
2 802 


COUNTIES, 1987 














Baltimore 

Cecil 

Charles 

Howard 

Montgomery 




3 

7 
5 
4 
4 
18 


661 
325 
892 
83 

120 
3 951 


1 

3 
2 

1 

8 




1?) 

3 524 







^Data for 1982 exclude abnormal farms. 



Table 36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Land in farms 


Farms by land in farms 


Source of permits 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Acres 


Less than 
100 acres 


100 to 
259 acres 


260 to 
499 acres 


500 to 
999 acres 


1 ,000 to 
1.999 acres 


2,000 acres 
or more 


Forest 
service 


Taylor 
grazing 


Indian 
land 


Other 


Maryland.. 

Allegany 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Garrett 

Washington 

All other counties... 


26 

3 
3 
3 
4 
5 
B 


4 686 

1 077 
354 
637 
770 
736 

1 112 


9 

1 

1 
2 
5 


10 

2 
3 
2 
3 


7 
3 

- 
1 

3 




'_ 


- 


\ 


': 


1 
1 


26 

3 
3 
3 
4 
5 
8 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE- COUNTY DATA 



MARYLAND 235 



APPENDIX A. 
General Explanation 



Page 

DATA COLLECTION A-1 

DATA PROCESSING A-2 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES A-2 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, AND 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS A-2 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS A-3 

FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED CHARACTERISTICS A-9 



DATA COLLECTION 

Method of Enumeration 

All agriculture censuses beginning with the 1 969 census 
primarily have used mailout/mailback data collection. Direct 
enumeration methods, however, continue to be used for 
the agriculture census in Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. 
Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands. 

Mail List 

The mail list for the 1987 census was comprised of 
individuals, businesses, and organizations that could be 
readily identified as being associated with agriculture. The 
list was assembled from the records of the 1982 census, 
administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service 
(IRS), and the statistical records of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture (USDA). In addition, lists of large or specialized 
operations, such as nurseries and greenhouses, specialty 
crop farms, poultry farms, fish farms, livestock farms, and 
cattle feedlot operations, were obtained from State and 
Federal agencies, trade associations, and similar organi- 
zations. Lists of companies having one or more establish- 
ments (or locations) producing agricultural products were 
obtained from the 1982 census and updated using the 
information from the Standard Statistical Establishment 
List maintained by the Census Bureau. Exhaustive record 
linkage, unduplication, and mathematical modeling yielded 
a final mail list of 4.1 million names and addresses that had 
a substantial probability of being a farm operation. 

Report Forms 

In 1987, three different report forms were used— a 
two-page, a four-page, and a six-page form to minimize the 
reporting burden, particularly for small farms and places 
less likely to be farms. The six-page sample form and the 
four-page nonsample form are the same, except sections 
23 through 28 have been added to the sample form to 
obtain supplemental information from a sample of farms. 



The information collected in these sections will give the 
Bureau of the Census a good basis for making estimates of 
these data for other farms included in the census. The 
two-page form does not have as many questions or as 
much detail as the four-page and six- page forms The 
four-page form has 1 1 regional versions and tt.e six-page 
form has 13 regional versions. Both forms have different 
crops prelisted. Appendix D contains copies of both the 
two-page and six-page forms. 

The six-page form was mailed to 1,104,000 addressees 
on the mail list, including ail those expected to be large 
(based on expected sales or acreage) or unique (farms 
operated by multiestablishment companies or nonprofit 
organizations), all those in Alaska and Hawaii, and a 
sample of other addressees. The two-page form was 
mailed to 906,000 addressees. These were expected to be 
small farms or less likely to be farms. The four-page form 
was mailed to the remaining 2,079,000 addressees. Fur- 
ther discussion of the criteria used to determine which 
form was mailed to an addressee is provided in the Census 
Sample Design section of appendix C. 

Initial Mailing 

The report forms were mailed in mid-December 1 987 to 
the approximately 4,089,000 individuals, businesses, and 
organizations on the mail list. The mail packages included 
a report form, a cover letter with a description of the 
purposes and uses of the census on the reverse side, an 
information sheet containing instructions for completing 
the form, and a postage-paid return envelope. Additional 
special instructions were included with report forms sent to 
grazing associations; feedlot operations; institutional orga- 
nizations; Indian reservations; firms with multiple farm or 
ranch operations; and producers of poultry under contract, 
bees and honey, fish, laboratory animals, and nursery and 
greenhouse crops. 

To provide additional help to farmers in completing their 
reports, copies of an Agriculture Census Guide booklet 
were sent to vocational agriculture instructors, USDA 
county offices of the Agriculture Stabilization and Conser- 
vation Service, and the Cooperative Extension Service. 
The Guide contained descriptions and definitions of vari- 
ous items in more detail than the instructions included with 
each report form. Representatives of the above agencies 
graciously consented to assist farmers in completing their 
report forms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-1 



Followup Procedures 

A thank you/reminder card was mailed to those on the 
mail list in mid-January 1 988. Five followup letters, three of 
which were accompanied by a report form, were sent to 
nonrespondents at 4-week intervals starting in mid-February 
and continuing until early June 1988. 

Telephone calls were made to all large farms who had 
not responded. In addition, telephone calls were made to a 
sample of other nonrespondents in counties that had a 
response rate of less than 75 percent. A nonresponse 
adjustment procedure was used to represent the final 
nonrespondent farms in the census results. A description 
of tnis procedure is included in the Census Estimation 
section of appendix C. 

DATA PROCESSING 

Selected report forms were reviewed prior to keying the 
data. These included reports with attached correspon- 
dence and reports with remarks or no positive data on the 
front page. 

The data from each report form were subjected to a 
detailed item-by-item computer edit. The edit performed 
comprehensive checks for consistency and reasonable- 
ness, corrected erroneous or inconsistent data, supplied 
missing data based on similar farms within the same 
county, and assigned farm classification codes necessary 
for tabulating the data. Substantial computer-generated 
changes to the data were clerically reviewed and verified. 

In the computer edit, farms with sales, acreage, or 
commodities exceeding specified levels were tested for 
historical comparability. Key items, such as acreage and 
sales, were compared for substantial changes between 
1 982 and 1 987. Sizeable historical differences were resolved 
or verified by telephone, if necessary. Respondents who 
reported sales or acreage above specified levels on non- 
sample forms were sent correspondence requesting the 
additional sample dala. Prior to publication, tabulated 
totals were reviewed by statisticians to identify inconsis- 
tencies and potential coverage problems. Comparisons 
were made with previous census data, estimates published 
by the USDA, and other available data. 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES 

Prior to each agriculture census, the Census Bureau 
reviews the content of the census forms to eliminate 
questions no longer needed and to identify new items 
necessary to meet user needs and to better describe the 
agricultural situation in our Nation. Data requests are 
solicited from farmers, farm organizations, land grant col- 
leges and universities. State and federal agencies, and 
members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agricul- 
tural Statistics. Each agency and organization is asked to 
identify and justify its specific data needs. The following 
data inquiries were added to the 1987 report form: 



Income from farm-related sources 

Acres under the Conservation Reserve Program 

Payments received for participation in federal farm 

programs 
Grazing permits by source 

Additional data on production expenses were added in 
1987: 

Repair and maintenance expenses 

Cash rent 

Property taxes paid 

All other production expenses 

The following separate data inquiries were eliminated 

from the 1 987 f o! nr 

Storage capacity for petroleum products 
Number of hired farm and ranch workers 
Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals 

for human consumption 
Source of irrigation water 
Tons of commercially mixed feed 
Expenditures for coal, wood, and coke 
Selected machinery items: automobiles, corn heads for 

combines, and field forage hai'vesters 
Chinchillas 
Worms 
Tropical and baitfish 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, 
AND RELATED PUBLICATIONS 

In addition to the 1987 Census of Agriculture for the 50 
States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Amer- 
ican Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
Mariana Islands, the census of agriculture program includes 
the 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey, the 1988 
Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey, and 
the 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties. 

The 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey provides 
data on water use by irrigated farms and ranches. Data 
include: the amount of water applied by crop, method of 
water distribution, source of water, and energy costs for 
pumping water. Data from this survey will be published as 
volume 3, part 1 . 

The 1988 Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership 
Survey provides detailed data on debts, expenses, taxes, 
credits, assets, land ownership, and farm and off-farm 
income for farm operators. Many of these items, as well as 
detailed data on landlord characteristics, are being col- 
lected from the landlords of the farms involved in the 
survey. Data from this survey will be published as volume 
3, part 2. 

The 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties covers 
operations growing and selling $2,000 or more of horticul- 
tural products such as greenhouse products, outdoor- 
grown floricultural products, nursery products, mushrooms, 
and sod. These data will be published as volume 4. 

Additional publications of the 1987 Census of Agricul- 
ture data include the Agricultural Atlas of the United States 
(previously called the Graphic Summary), Coverage Eval- 
uation, Ranking of States and Counties, and Government 
Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold. 



A-2 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



The Agricultural Atlas of the United States presents the 
Nation's agriculture graphically illustrated by dot and mul- 
ticolor pattern maps. The maps provide displays on size 
and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, market value of 
products sold, crops harvested, livestock inventories, and 
other characteristics of farms. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 1 . 

The Coverage Evaluation report provides estimates of 
the completeness of the 1987 Census of Agriculture for 
the United States, geographic regions, and selected States 
and groups of States. Estimates with their associated 
sample reliability are provided for farms not on the mail list, 
farms classified as nonfarms, duplicate farms, and non- 
farms classified as farms. This report will be published as 
volume 2, part 2. 

The Ranking of States and Counties report ranks the 
leading States and counties for selected items in the 1 987 
census and provides comparative data from the 1982 
census. This report will be published as volume 2, part 3. 

A new publication on Government Payments and Mar- 
ket Value of Agricultural Products Sold presents 1 987 data 
for the United States and each State. The U.S. table has a 
format similar to volume 1, U.S. table 52 and presents 
summary data by size of farm. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 5. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

The following definitions and explanations provide a 
more detailed description of the terms used in this publi- 
cation than are available in the tables or on the report form. 
For an exact wording of the questions on the 1 987 census 
report forms and the information sheet which accompa- 
nied these forms, see appendix D. Most definitions of 
terms are the same as those used in earlier censuses. The 
more important exceptions are also noted here. 

Farms or farms reporting— The term "farms" or "farms 
reporting" in the presentation of data denotes the number 
of farms reporting the item. For example, if there are 3,710 
farms in a State and 842 of them had 28,594 cattle and 
calves, the data for those farms reporting cattle and calves 
would appear as: 

Cattle and calves 



farms- - 842 

number- - 28,594 

Land in farms — The acreage designated in the tables 
as "land in farms" consists primarily of agricultural land 
used for crops, pasture, or grazing. It also includes wood- 
land and wasteland not actually under cultivation or used 
for pasture or grazing, provided it was part of the farm 
operator's total operations. Large acreages of woodland or 
wasteland held for nonagricultural purposes were deleted 
from individual reports during the processing operations. 
Land in farms includes acres set aside under annual 
commodity acreage programs as well as acres in the 
Conservation Reserve Program for places meeting the 
farm definition. 



Land in farms is an operating unit concept and includes 
land owned and operated as well as land rented from 
others. Land used rent free was to be reported as land 
rented from others. All grazing land, except land used 
under government permits on a per-head basis, was 
included as "land in farms" provided it was part of a farm 
or ranch. Land under the exclusive use of a grazing 
association was to be reported by the grazing association 
and included as land in farms. All land in Indian reserva- 
tions used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be 
included as land in farms. Land in reservations not reported 
by individual Indians or non-Indians was to be reported in 
the name of the cooperative group that used the land. In 
some instances, an entire Indian reservation was reported 
as one farm. 



Land area — The approximate land area of counties and 
States represents the total land area as determined by 
records and calculations as of January 1, 1988. These 
data are updated periodically; however, the acreages 
shown for 1987 are essentially the same as for 1982. Any 
differences between the land area for 1 987 and 1 982 are 
due to annexations and other changes affecting county 
boundaries. 



Land in two or more counties— With few exceptions, 
the land in each farm was tabulated as being in the 
operator's principal county. The principal county was defined 
as the one where the largest value of agricultural products 
was raised or produced. It was usually the county contain- 
ing all or the largest proportion of the land in the farm or 
viewed by the respondent as his/her principal county. For 
a limited number of Midwest and Western States, this 
procedure has resulted in the allocation of more land in 
farms to a county than the total land area of the county. To 
minimize this distortion, separate reports were required for 
large farms identified from the 1982 census as having 
more than one farm unit. Other reports received showing 
land in more than one county were separated into two or 
more reports if the data would substantially affect the 
county totals. 



Value of land and buildings— Respondents were asked 
to report their estimate of the current market value of land 
and buildings owned, rented or leased from others, and 
rented or leased to others. Market value refers to the value 
the land and buildings would sell for under current market 
conditions. If the value of land and buildings was not 
reported, it was estimated using the average value of land 
and buildings from a similar farm in the same geographic 
area. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-3 



Harvested cropland — This category includes land from 
which crops were harvested or hay was cut, and land in 
orchards, citrus groves, vineyards, nurseries, and green- 
houses. Land from which two or more crops were har- 
vested was counted only once, even though there was 
more than one use of the land. 



Irrigated land — This category includes all land watered 
by any artificial or controlled means, such as sprinklers, 
furrows or ditches, and spreader dikes. Included are 
supplemental, partial, and preplant irrigation. Each acre 
was to be counted only once regardless of the number of 
times it was irrigated or harvested. 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing— This 

category includes land used only for pasture or grazing 
that could have been used for crops without additional 
improvement. Included also was all cropland used for 
rotation pasture and land in government diversion pro- 
grams that were pastured. However, cropland that was 
pastured before or after crops were harvested was to be 
included as harvested cropland rather than cropland for 
pasture or grazing. 

Other cropland — This category includes cropland not 
harvested and not grazed which was used for cover crops, 
soil improvement crops, land on which all crops failed, 
cultivated summer fallow, idle cropland, and land planted 
in crops that were to be harvested after the census year. 

Total woodland — This category includes natural or 
planted woodlots or timber tracts, cutover and deforested 
land with young growth which has or will have value for 
wood products, land planted for Christmas tree production, 
and woodland pastured. Land covered by sagebrush or 
mesquite was to be reported as other paslureland and 
rangeland or other land. 

Woodland pastured— This category includes all wood- 
land used for pasture or grazing during the census year. 
Woodland or forest land pastured under a per-head graz- 
ing permit was not counted as land in farms and therefore, 
was not included in woodland pastured. 

Cropland in annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs — This category includes land diverted or set 
aside under the provisions of the Federal Commodity 
Acreage Program. These data are for the acres of cropland 
taken out of production by growers of wheat, cotton, rice, 
corn, sorghum, barley, and oats, and devoted to conser- 
vation uses. Information was not obtained as to which 
crops would have been grown on the acres set aside. 

Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program 
(CRP)— This category includes acres of "highly erodible" 
cropland taken out of agricultural production and planted 
to protective cover crops or reforested. The CRP was 
established through the 1985 Food Security Act and 
provides for annual rental payments and shared costs of 
conservation practices through a 10-year contract with the 
USDA. Appendix B presents data on places with all their 
cropland enrolled in the Conservation Reserve Program 
and which were not counted as farms in the 1987 census. 



Operator — The term "operator" designates a person 
who operates a farm, either doing the work or making 
day-to-day decisions about such things as planting, har- 
vesting, feeding, and marketing. The operator may be the 
owner, a member of the owner's household, a hired 
manager, a tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. If a person 
rents land to others or has land worked on shares by 
others, he/she is considered the operator only of the land 
which is retained for his/her own operation. For partner- 
ships, only one partner is counted as the operator. If it is 
not clear which partner is in charge, then the senior or 
oldest active partner is considered the operator. For 
census purposes, the number of operators is the same as 
the number of farms. In some cases, the operator was not 
the individual named on the address label of the report 
form, but another family member, a partner, or a hired 
manager who was actually in charge of the farm operation. 

Operator characteristics— All operators were asked 
to report place of residence, principal occupation, days of 
off-farm work, year in which his/her operation of the farm 
began, age, race, sex, and Spanish origin. If race, age, sex, 
and principal occupation were not reported, they were 
imputed based on information reported by farms with 
similar acreage, tenure, and value of sales. No imputations 
were made for nonresponse to place of residence, Span- 
ish origin, off-farm work, or year began operation. Opera- 
tors of Spanish origin were tabulated by reported race. 

Farm production expenses — In 1987, additional spe- 
cific expense items and a category for all other farm 
production expenses were added to the selected farm 
production expenses collected in 1 982. Consequently, we 
are publishing total farm production expenses in 1987. The 
expenses are limited to those incurred in the operation of 
the farm business. Expenses include the share of the 
expenditures provided by landlords, contractors, and part- 
ners in the operation of the farm business. Property taxes 
paid by landlords are excluded. Expenditures for nonfarm 
activities; farm-related activities such as providing custom- 
work for others, the production and harvest of forest 
products, and reaeational services; and household expenses 
are excluded. In 1987, as in other recent censuses, 
operators producing crops, livestock, or poultry under 
contract often were unable or unwilling to estimate the cost 
of production inputs furnished by the contractors. As a 
consequence, extensive estimation was required for con- 
tract producers. 

Commercial fertilizer — The expense for commercial 
fertilizer is the amount spent on fertilizer during 1987 



A-4 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



including the cost of custom application. The cost of 
custom application was excluded from the 1982 and 
1978 data. 

Agricultural chemicals — These expenses include the 
cost of all insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and 
other pesticides, including the cost of custom applica- 
tion. Data exclude commercial fertilizer purchased. 
The cost of custom application was excluded from the 
1982 and 1978 data. The cost of lime was excluded 
from the 1987 and 1982 data, but included in 1978. 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery 
and equipment — These expenses include costs incurred 
for having customwork done on the place and for 
renting machines to perform agricultural operations. 
The cost of cotton ginning is excluded. The cost of 
labor involved in the customwork service is included in 
the customwork expense. The cost of custom applica- 
tion of fertilizer and chemicals was included in the 
1982 and 1978 customwork data, but is included in 
expenditures for these items in 1 987. The cost of hired 
labor for operating rented or hired machinery is included 
as a hired farm and ranch labor expense. 

Interest— In 1987, separate data were collected for 
interest paid on debts secured by real estate and 
interest paid on debts not secured by real estate. In 
1982, only total interest expenses were collected. 

Market value of agricultural products sold— This 
category represents the gross market value before taxes 
and production expenses of all agricultural products sold 
or removed from the place in 1987 regardless of who 
received the payment. It includes sales by the operator as 
well as the value of any shares received by partners, 
landlords, contractors, or others associated with the oper- 
ation. In addition, it includes receipts from placing com- 
modities in the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan 
program in 1 987. It does not include payments received for 
participation in federal farm programs nor does it include 
income from farm-related sources such as customwork 
and other agricultural services, or income from nonfarm 
sources. 

The value of crops sold in 1987 does not necessarily 
represent the sales from crops harvested in 1987. Data 
may include sales from crops produced in earlier years and 
exclude some crops produced in 1987, but held in storage 
and not sold. For commodities, such as sugar beets and 
wool, sold through a co-op which made payments in 
several installments, respondents were requested to report 
the total value received in 1 987. 

The value of agricultural products sold was requested of 
all operators. If the operator failed to report this informa- 
tion, estimates were made based on the amount of crops 
harvested, livestock or poultry inventory or number sold. 
Extensive estimation was required for operators growing 
crops or livestock under contract. 



Caution should be used when comparing sales in 1987 
with sales reported in earlier censuses. Sales figures are 
expressed in current dollars and have not been adjusted 
for inflation or deflation. 

Government payments— This category is limited to 
direct cash or generic commodity certificate (PIK) pay- 
ments received by the farm operator in 1987. It includes 
deficiency and diversion payments; wool payments; pay- 
ments from the Dairy Termination Program, the Conserva- 
tion Reserve Program, other conservation programs, and 
all other federal farm programs under which payments 
were made directly to farm operators. 

Other farm-related income— The 1987 report form 
included a new inquiry on income from farm-related sources. 
These data consist of gross income in 1 987 before taxes 
and expenses from the sales of farm by-products and 
other sales and services closely related to the principal 
functions of the farm business. These data are for income 
producing activities that are primarily a by-product or 
supplemental to the farm operation. They exclude income 
from business activities that are separate from the farm 
business. 

Customwork and other agricultural services— This 

income includes gross receipts received by farm oper- 
ators for providing services for others such as planting, 
plowing, spraying, and harvesting. Income from cus- 
tomwork and other agricultural services is generally 
included in the agriculture census if it is closely related 
to the farming operation. However, it is excluded if it 
constitutes a separate business or is conducted from 
another location. 

Rental of farmland — This income includes gross cash 
rent or share payments received from renting out 
farmland; payments received from the lease or sale of 
allotments for crops such as tobacco; and payments 
received for livestock pastured on a per-head, per- 
month, or per-pound basis. It excludes rental income 
from nonfarm property. 

Sales of forest products — This income includes gross 
receipts from the sales of Christmas trees, standing 
timber, maple products, gum for naval stores, fire- 
wood, and other forest products from the farm busi- 
ness. It excludes income from nonfarm timber tracts 
and sawmill businesses. 

Other farm-related income sources— This income 
includes gross receipts from hunting leases, fishing 
fees, camping, other recreational services, patronage 
dividends of cooperatives, sales of farm by-products, 
and other sales and services closely related to the 
farm business. It excludes income from nonfarm busi- 
nesses. 

Commodity Credit Corporations loans— This cate- 
gory includes loans for corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, 
barley, oats, cotton, peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-5 



Agricultural chemicals used, including fertilizer and 
lime— For each type of agricultural chemical, the acres 
treated were to be reported only once even if the acres 
were fertilized or limed more than once. If multipurpose 
chemicals were used, the acres treated for each purpose 
were to be reported. 

Fish and other aquacultural products— The raising of 
fish and other aquacultural products in captivity is included 
in the agriculture census. Production in salt water is 
considered not to be in captivity and is excluded from the 
census. 

Bees and honey — Bee and honey production was 
enumerated and tabulated in the county in which the home 
farm was located even though hives are often moved from 
farm to farm over a wide geographic area. 

Citrus enumeration— In the 1987 census, reports for 
selected citrus caretakers in Arizona, Florida, and Texas 
were obtained by direct enumeration. A citrus caretaker is 
an organization or person caring for or managing citrus 
groves for others. This special enumeration has been used 
in recent censuses because of the difficulty in identifying 
and enumerating absentee grove owners who often do not 
know the information that is needed to adequately com- 
plete the census report. Each citrus caretaker was enu- 
merated as a farm operator and requested to complete 
one report form for all groves cared for and to furnish a list 
of grove owners' names, addresses, and acres of citrus. 
The names on the lists were matched to completed grove 
owners' report forms to eliminate duplication. The care- 
taker also was requested to inform the grove owner that he 
had already reported for the citrus under his care and that 
the grove owner was not to report the citrus again. In the 
1 987 census, 7 caretakers in Arizona reported 1 75 grove 
owners having 12,000 acres of citrus; the 65 caretakers in 
Florida reported 3,000 grove owners having 1 70,000 acres 
of citrus; and 20 caretakers in Texas reported 800 grove 
owners having 14,500 acres of citrus. 

Crop year or season covered— Acres and quantity 
harvested are for the calendar year 1 987 except for citrus 
fruits, avocados, olives; vegetables in Florida; sugarcane in 
Florida and Texas; and pineapples and coffee in Hawaii. 

Citrus fruits— The data for Florida relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1986 through July 1987 
harvest season, except limes that were harvested in 
the April 1987 through March 1988 harvest season. 
The data for Texas relate to the quantity harvested in 
the September 1 986 through May 1 987 harvest sea- 
son. The data for States, other than Florida and Texas, 
relate to the quantity harvested in the 1 986-87 harvest 
season. 

Avocados— The data for California relate to the quan- 
tity harvested in the November 1 986 through Novem- 
ber 1987 harvest season and for Florida the April 1987 
through March 1 988 harvest season. 



Olives — The data for California relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1 986 through March 1 987 
harvest season. 

Vegetables — The data for Florida relate to the crop 
harvested in the September 1986 through August 
1987 harvest season. 

Sugarcane for sugar— The data for Florida relate to 
the cuttings from November 1 986 through April 1 987, 
and for Texas the cuttings from October 1986 through 
April 1987. 

Pineapples— The data for Hawaii relate to the quantity 
harvested in the year ending May 31, 1987. ■ 

Coffee— The data for Hawaii relate to the 1 986-87 crop. 

Acres and quantity harvested— Crops were reported 
in whole acres, except for the following crops which were 
reported in lOths of acres: Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 
tobacco, fruit and nut crops including land in orchards, 
berries, vegetables, and nursery and greenhouse crops; 
and in Hawaii, taro, ginger root, and lotus root. Totals for 
crops reported in lOths of acres were rounded to whole 
acres at the aggregate level during the tabulation process. 

If two or more crops were harvested from the same land 
during the year, the acres would be counted for each crop. 
Therefore, the total acres of all crops harvested generally 
exceeds the acres of cropland harvested. An exception to 
this procedure is hay crops. When more than one cutting of 
hay was taken from the same acres^ the acres are counted 
only once but the quantity harvested includes all cuttings. 
However, hay cut for both dry hay and green chop or silage 
would be reported for each applicable crop. For inter- 
planted crops or "skip-row" crops, acres were to be 
reported according to the portion of the field occupied by 
each crop. 

If a crop was planted but not harvested, the acres were 
not to be reported as harvested. These acres were to be 
reported in the "land use" section under the appropriate 
cropland items— cropland used only for pasture or grazing, 
cropland used for cover crops, cropland on which all crops 
failed, or cropland idle. 

Corn and sorghum hogged or grazed were to be reported 
as "cropland harvested" and not as "cropland used only 
for pasture or grazing." Crop residue left in fields and later 
hogged or grazed was not reported as cropland pasture. 

Quantity harvested was not obtained for crops such as 
vegetables; nursery and greenhouse crops; corn cut for 
dry fodder, hogged or grazed; and sorghum, hogged or 
grazed. 

Acres of land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, 
citrus or other groves, vineyards, and nut trees were to be 
reported as harvested cropland regardless of whether the 
crop was harvested or failed. However, abandoned orchards 
were to be reported as cropland idle, not as harvested 
cropland and the individual abandoned orchard crop acres 
were not to be reported. 



A-6 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Land in orchards — This category includes land In 
bearing and nonbearing fruit trees, citrus or other groves, 
vineyards, and nut trees of all ages, including land on 
which all fruit crops failed. Respondents were instructed 
not to report abandoned plantings and plantings of less 
than 20 total fruit, citrus, or nut trees, or grapevines. 

Crop units of measure— The regional report forms 
allowed the operator to report the quantity of field crops 
harvested in a unit of measure commonly used in the 
region. When the operator reported in a unit of measure 
different than the unit of measure published, the quantity 
harvested was converted to the published unit of measure. 

Grapes could be reported in dry weight or fresh weight; 
plums and prunes in fresh weight, or prunes in dry weight; 
and in Hawaii, coffee in pounds parchment or pounds 
cherry, and macadamia nuts in pounds husked, unshelled 
or pounds shelled. For other fruit and nut crops and citrus, 
the operator was given a choice of units of measure of 
pounds, tons, or boxes. The quantity harvested for these 
crops is published in pounds. 



Data are based on a sample of farms— For 1987, 
1 982, and 1 978, selected data were collected from only a 
sample of farms. These data are subject to sampling error. 
For 1987, the six-page sample form was mailed to all large 
and specialized farms (based on expected sales, acres, or 
standard industrial classification), all farms in Alaska and 
Hawaii, and approximately 17 percent of all other farms. 
Sample sections 23 through 28 of the 1987 census forms 
included inquiries on production expenses, commercial 
fertilizer and lime, chemicals, machinery and equipment, 
value of land and buildings, and income from farm-related 
sources. Estimates of the reliability of county totals for 
selected items are shown in table F of appendix C. 

Operators of Spanish origin— No imputation was made 
for those not responding to the question on Spanish origin. 

Farms operated by Black and other races— This 
category includes Blacks, American Indians, Asian and 
Pacific Islanders, and all other racial groups other than 
White. 



Write-in crops — To reduce the length of the report 
form, only the major crops for the region were prelisted. 
For other crops, the respondent was requested to look at 
a list of crops in each section and write in the crop name 
and its code. For crops that had no individual code listed 
on the report form, the respondent was to write in the crop 
name and code the crop into the appropriate "all other" 
category for that section. Write-in crops coded as "all 
other" were reviewed and assigned a specific code when 
possible. Crops not assigned a specific code were left in 
the appropriate "all other" category. 

In some cases, the reviewers were unable to determine 
the specific crop reported by the respondent because of 
incomplete or generalized crop names. To ensure proper 
coding, most of these respondents were telephoned. 
Reports for those not telephoned were changed on the 
basis of other reports for the area. 



All other races — This category is primarily limited to 
persons native to or of ancestry from Mexico, the Carib- 
bean, and Central and South America. 

Total sales — This item represents the gross market 
value of all agricultural products sold before taxes and 
expenses in the census year including livestock, poultry, 
and their products; and crops, including nursery crops and 
hay. Respondents were asked to include landlords' and 
contractors' shares. The value of commodities placed in 
CCC loans are included as sold. In 1987, all farms includ- 
ing abnormal farms were tabulated by size based on 
reported sales. In 1982 and 1978, abnormal farms were 
included in the total sales figure, but excluded from the 
detailed size breakdowns. Abnormal farms include institu- 
tional farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian 
reservations. 



Misreported or miscoded crops— In a few instances, 
tabulated data may be inaccurate because respondents 
misunderstood or misinterpreted questions on the report 
form. Data may have been reported on the wrong line or in 
the wrong section, or the wrong crop code may have been 
placed beside the name of a write-in crop. Some of these 
errors as well as some keying errors may not have been 
identified during processing and therefore, were not cor- 
rected. Reports with significant acres of unusual crops for 
the area were examined to minimize the possibility that 
they were in error. 

"See text" References 

Items in the tables which carry the note "See text" are 
explained or defined in this section. 



Farms with sales of less than $1,000— This category 
includes all farms with actual sales of less than $1 ,000, but 
having the production potential for sales of $1,000 or 
more. These farms normally could be expected to sell 
$1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm 

unit— This category is dehved by subtracting total operat- 
ing expenditures from the gross market value of agricul- 
tural products sold. Depreciation and the change in inven- 
tory values are excluded from expenditures. Production 
expenditures may be understated on part owner and 
tenant farms because property taxes paid by landlords are 
excluded. Other landlord expenditures, such as insurance 
or rent paid, which are not readily known to renters may 
also be omitted or understated. Gross sales include sales 
by the operator as well as the share of sales received by 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-7 



partners, landlords, and contractors. Consequently, the 
net cash return is that of the farm unit rather than the net 
farm income of the operator. 

Other livestock and livestock products— This cate- 
gory includes all livestock and livestock products not listed 
separately. 

Value of livestock and poultry on farms— Data for 

the value of livestock and poultry on farms were obtained 
by multiplying the inventory of each major age and sex 
group by State average prices. The State average prices 
for cattle, hogs, sheep. Angora goats, hens and pullets of 
laying age, and turkeys were obtained primarily from data 
published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, 
USDA. Prices applied to other livestock and poultry were 
census-derived averages based primarily on reported value 
of sales in the census. 

Poultry hatched— This category includes all poultry 
hatched on the place during the year and placed or sold. 
Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1987, is tabu- 
lated under the column heading "Inventory" and the 
number of poultry hatched and placed or sold is under the 
heading "Sales." 

Hay — alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
silage, green chop, etc.— Data shown for hay represent 
all hay crops, including grass silage, haylage, and hay 
crops cut and fed green (green chop). In production data, 
dry tons represent dry tonnage for the various hay cate- 
gories and dry weight equivalents for grass silage and hay 
cut and fed green. The conversion used was 3 tons of 
green weight to 1 ton of dry weight. 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay — Data shown represent dry tons of hay harvested 
from clover, lespedeza, timothy, Bermuda grass, Sudan 
grass, and other types of legume and tame grasses. 

Grapes— Farm operators were given the option of 
reporting the quantity of grapes harvested in dry weight or 
fresh weight. For publication purposes, all quantities of 
grapes harvested have been converted to pounds of fresh 
weight. The conversion used was 4 pounds fresh weight to 
1 pound dry weight. 

Plums and prunes— Farm operators were given the 
option of reporting the quantity of plums and prunes 
harvested in dry weight or fresh weight. For publication 
purposes, all quantities of plums and prunes harvested 
have been converted to pounds of fresh weight. The 
conversion used was 3 pounds fresh weight to 1 pound dry 
weight. 

Cherries — For 1 987, cherries were reported as "sweet 
cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries" depending on the 
regional form the respondent completed. On regional 



forms for States where cherries are an important fruit crop, 
"sweet cherries" and "tart cherries" were listed sepa- 
rately. On the other regional forms, either "cherries" were 
listed or could be written in. For publication purposes, 
"cherries, total" could be shown along with the individual 
breakdown of "sweet cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries, 
not specified." "Cherries, not specified" is used to account 
for cherries where the "sweet" and "tart" breakdown was 
not asked or where respondents wrote in "cherries" but 
did not specify or code the kind of cherry. All the individual 
cherry items may not be shown. Data for "sweet cherries," 
"tart cherries," and "cherries, not specified" are not 
available for 1 982. 

Other fruits and nuts— Data shown for other fruits and 
nuts relate to any fruits and nuts not having a specific code 
on the 1987 report form. 

Land used for vegetables— Data are for the total land 
used for vegetable crops. The acres are reported only 
once, even though two or more harvests of a vegetable or 
more than one vegetable were harvested from the same 
acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale— The acres of vegeta- 
bles harvested is the summation of the acres of individual 
vegetables harvested. All of the individual vegetable items 
may not be shown. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops grown for sale— These 
data are a summation of the individual items reported. All 
of the individual items may not be shown. 

Nursery, floriculture, vegetable and flower seed 
crops, sod, etc., grown in the open, irrigated— Data 

refer to farms reporting irrigated nursery, floriculture, veg- 
etable and flower seeds, sod, bedding plants, etc., grown 
in the open. 

Other grains— These data are for the total market 
value of other grains sold including dry edible beans, dry 
lima beans, buckwheat, dry southern peas (cowpeas), 
emmer and spelt, flaxseed, mixed grains, lentils, mustard 
seed, dry edible peas, popcorn, proso millet, rice, rye for 
grain, safflower, sunflower seed, triticale, and wild rice. 

Value of crop production — This item represents the 
estimated value of all crops harvested during the 1987 
crop year. Data for the value of crops harvested were 
obtained by multiplying the average estimated value per 
unit by the reported acres or quantity harvested. Generally, 
harvested units of production (pounds, bushels, bales, 
etc.) were multiplied by State estimates of prices per unit. 
If only acres harvested were reported, State estimates for 
value of production per acre were used. The State average 
production price and production value per acre used in 
these calculations were obtained usually from publications 
of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. When 



A-8 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



USDA estimates were not available, Bureau of the Census 
statisticians made estimates using available sources such 
as data from adjacent States, respondent report forms, 
county extension agents, and other persons knowledge- 
able about specific crops. 



Part owners, who operate land they own and also land 
they rent from others. 

Tenants, who operate only land they rent from others or 
work on shares for others. 



FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED 
CHARACTERISTICS 

State tables 48 through 53 present detailed 1987 data 
for all farms classified by specified characteristics — tenure 
of operator, type of organization, age and principal occu- 
pation of operator, size of farm (acres), value of agricultural 
products sold, and standard industrial classification. Other 
tables include data classified by value of sales groups or 
other characteristics of the farm or the operator. 

Farms by value of agricultural products sold or 
value of sales — In 1987, all farms were tabulated by size 
based on reported sales. In 1982 and earlier censuses, 
abnormal farms were not tabulated based on sales size. In 
the tables on market value of agricultural products sold, 
the sales of abnormal farms in 1982 and earlier censuses 
were included in the total sales figure, but excluded from 
the detailed size categories. Abnormal farms included 
institutional farms, experimental and research farms, and 
Indian reservations. The category "farms with sales of less 
than $1 ,000" included all farms with actual sales of less 
than $1 ,000 but having the production potential for sales of 
$1,000 or more. These farms normally could be expected 
to sell $1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

The sales size categories used in this report are con- 
sistent with the standard business size categories issued 
by Office of Management and Budget (0MB) in 1982. In 
State table 52, data are presented for four sales size 
categories between $10,000 and $49,999. This provides 
users with bridge data under both the 0MB and the 1978 
census classifications. For the 1992 census, data will be 
presented only for the 0MB sales size categories of 
$10,000 to $24,999 and $25,000 to $49,999. 

Abnormal farms— This category includes institutional 
farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian reser- 
vations. Institutional farms include those operated by hos- 
pitals, penitentiaries, churches, schools, grazing associa- 
tions, and government agencies. In 1987 and 1982, 
nongovernmental units such as church farms and Future 
Farmers of America camps were classified as abnormal 
farms only when 50 percent or more of their products 
produced and intended for human consumption were 
utilized by the organization. 

Farms by tenure of operator— The classifications of 
tenure used in the 1987 census were: 

Full owners, who operate only land they own. 
1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Farms by type of organization— All farms were clas- 
sified by type of organization in the 1987 census. The 
classifications used were: 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship), excluding 
partnership and corporation. 

Partnership, including family partnership. 

Corporation, including family corporation. 

Other, cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 

Corporations were subclassified by two additional char- 
acteristics into: 

1 . Family held 

Other than family held 

2. More than 10 stockholders 
10 or less stockholders 

Farms by age and principal occupation of opera- 
tor — Data on age and principal occupation were requested 
from all operators in 1 987. The principal occupation clas- 
sifications used were: 

Farming— The operator spent 50 percent or more of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in farming or ranching. 

Other — The operator spent more than 50 percent of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in occupations other than 
farming or ranching. 

Farms by size — All farms were classified into selected 
size groups according to the total land area in the farm. 
The land area of a farm is an operating unit concept and 
includes land owned and operated as well as land rented 
from others. Land rented to or assigned to a tenant was 
considered the tenant's farm and not the owner's. 

Farms by standard industrial classification— In 1 987, 
all agricultural production establishments (farms, ranches, 
nurseries, greenhouses, etc.) were classified by type of 
activity using the standard industrial classification (SIC) 
system. These classifications, found in the 1987 SIC 
ManuaM, are used to promote uniformity and comparability 
in the presentation of statistical data collected by various 
agencies. 



'standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. For sale by 
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Governnnent Printing Office, Wasfi- 
ington, DC 20402. Stock No. 041-001-003-14-2. 

APPENDIX A A-9 



An establishment primarily engaged in crop production 
(major group 01) or production of livestock and animal 
specialties (major group 02) is classified in the four-digit 
industry and three-digit industry group which accounts for 
50 percent or more of the total value of sales of its 
agricultural products. If the total value of sales of agricul- 
tural products of an establishment is less than 50 percent 
from a single four-digit industry, but 50 percent or more 
from the products of two or more four-digit industries within 
the same three-digit industry group, the establishment is 
classified in the miscellaneous industry of that industry 
group. Otherwise, it is classified as a general crop farm in 
industry 0191 or a general livestock farm in industry 0291. 
Establishments that derive 50 percent or more of the value 
of sales from horticultural specialties of industry group 018 
are classified in industry 0181 or 0182 according to their 
primary activity. 

Characteristics of all farms by selected SIC groupings 
are shown in State tables 18 and 53. The SIC groupings 
shown in State table 53, together with the associated 
products (value of sales representing 50 percent or more 
of the value of agricultural products sold during the year) 
on which the classification is based, are as follows: 

Cash grains (011)— Wheat, rice, corn, soybeans, bar- 
ley, buckwheat, cowpeas, dry field and seed beans 
and peas, flaxseed, lentils, milo, mustard seed, oats, 
popcorn, rye, safflower, sorghum, sunflowers, and 
other small grains. 

Cotton (0131)— Cotton and cottonseed. 

Tobacco (0132)— Tobacco. 

Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, hay, pea- 
nuts, and other field crops (0133, 0134, 

0139)— Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, alfalfa, 
broomcorn, clover, grass seed, hay, hops, mint, pea- 
nuts, sweetpotatoes, timothy, and yams. 

Vegetables and melons (016)— Vegetables and mel- 
ons grown in the open. 



Fruits and tree nuts (017)— Berries, grapes, tree nuts, 
citrus fruits, deciduous tree fruits, avocados, bananas, 
coffee, dates, figs, olives, pineapples, and tropical fruit. 

Horticultural specialties (018)— Bedding plants, bulbs, 
florists' greens, flower and vegetable seeds, flowers, 
foliage, fruit stocks, nursery stock, ornamental plants, 
shrubberies, sod, mushrooms, and vegetables grown 
under cover. 

General farms, primarily crops (019)— Crops, includ- 
ing horticultural specialties, but less than 50 percent of 
sales from any single three-digit industry group. 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal special- 
ties (021)— Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, goat's 
milk, mohair, and wool. 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212)— Production or 

feeding of beef cattle, except feedlots. 

Dairy farms (024)— Production of cows' milk and other 
dairy products and raising of dairy heifer replacements. 

Poultry and eggs (025)— Chickens, chicken eggs, tur- 
keys, ducks, geese, pheasants, pigeons, quail, and 
squab. 

Animal specialties (027)— Fur-bearing animals, rab- 
bits, horses, ponies, bees, fish in captivity except fish 
hatcheries, worms, and laboratory animals. 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal spe- 
cialties (029) — Livestock and animal specialties and 
their products, but less than 50 percent of sales from 
any single three-digit industry group. 

The SIC manual was revised for 1987. Animal aquacul- 
ture (0273) was established as a new industry and horti- 
cultural specialties, not elsewhere classified (0189) was 
deleted. 



A-10 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B. 
Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve 

Program 



The Food Security Act of 1985 established the 
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). This program 
provides annual payments for highly erodible cropland 
enrolled in the program and meeting its conservation 
requirements. It also requires that the land be taken out 
of agricultural production for 10 years. 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture includes Conservation 
Reserve acreage as land in farms on operations that 
meet the census farm definition. For census purposes, 
a farm is any place from which agricultural products of 
$1,000 or more were produced and sold or normally 
would have been sold during the census year. 
Operations which placed all of their cropland in the CRP 
and did not otherwise meet the farm definition based 
upon sales, livestock inventories, planted crops, or other 
criteria for potential sales were not included as farms in 
the census tabulations. 



The following table provides CRP data for places not 
meeting the census farm definition ("whole farm" CRP 
places). It also contains separate but corresponding 
CRP data for farms included in the census tabulations. 
In addition to State data, detailed county data are 
presented for counties with three or more"whole farm" 
CRP places reported. For counties with less than three 
"whole farm" CRP places reported, their data are 
combined and reported in "all other counties." 

The data for "whole farm" CRP places are not 
complete for all counties. The census mail list was 
developed from sources which indicated the farm had 
agricultural production activity. It was not designed to 
cover all "whole farm" CRP places. Therefore, the data 
for these places are limited to what was reported in the 
census and have not been adjusted to account for 
nonresponse, incomplete coverage, and reporting errors. 



Land in Conservation Reserve Program: 1987 



(For meaning of abbrevia 


ons and symbols, see introductory text] 


















Geographic area 


Agricultural places excluded by farm definition witfi acres 
in tfie CRP 


Farms with acres in the CRP 




Number 


Land in places 
(acres) 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 


Number 


Land in farms 
(acres) 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 


Maryland 

Harford 


16 

3 
13 


1 738 

85 
1 653 


565 

34 
531 


81 

5 
76 


35 070 

1 213 
33 857 




5 101 

35 
5 066 







'Data are published for counties with 3 agricultural places or more reporting CRP acres. Counties with less than 3 places are combined under "all other counties.' 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B B-1 



APPENDIX C. 
Statistical Methodology 



Page 

MAIL LIST MODEL C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN C-1 

CENSUS ESTIMATION C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR C-3 

CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR C-5 

EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 

NONRESPONSE C-6 

TABLES: 

A. PERCENT OF STATE TOTALS CONTRIBUTED BY 
WHOLE FARM NONRESPONSE ESTIMATION: 1987 

B. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A COMPLETE COUNT ITEM: 
1987 

C. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A SAMPLE ITEM: 1987 

D. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF STATE TOTALS: 1987 

E. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF PERCENT CHANGE IN 
STATE TOTALS: 1982 TO 1987 

F. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF COUNTY TOTALS: 1987 

G. STATE COVERAGE EVALUATION ESTIMATES OF 
FARMS NOT ON THE MAIL LIST: 1987 



MAIL LIST MODEL 

A statistical discriminant model was developed to pre- 
dict the probability that a mail list addressee operated a 
farm. The model was used to identify the 4.1 million 
records from the preliminary census mail list of 6.0 million 
records that would receive a census of agriculture report 
form. Records from the 1 982 census mail list were used to 
build the model. Record characteristics such as the source 
of the mail list record (see appendix A for a description of 
record sources), number of source lists on which the 
record appeared, expected value of agricultural sales, and 
geographic location were used to separate mail list records 
into model groups. The proportion of 1982 census farm 
records in each group was calculated to provide an 
estimate of the probability that an addressee in the group 
operated a farm. 

Using these same group definitions, the 1987 census 
mail list records were separated into groups, each with an 
associated estimate of farm probability from the model. 
The 4.1 million mail list records in groups with the largest 
estimate of farm probability were selected to receive the 
census report form. A large percentage of the 1.9 million 
records that were dropped from the 6.0 million preliminary 
census mail list were nonfarm records from the previous 
census. This procedure was used to obtain a more com- 
plete census enumeration without excessive respondent 
burden and data collection cost. 



CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN 

Each of the 4.1 million name and address records on 
the census mail list was designated to receive one of three 
different types of census report forms. The three forms 
were the nonsample census form (a four-page form), the 
sample form (a six-page form), and the short form (a 
two-page form). Sections 1 through 22 of the sample form 
were identical to sections on the nonsample census form. 
However, the sample form contained additional sections 
on farm production expenditures, usage of fertilizers and 
insecticides, value of machinery and equipment, value of 
land and buildings, and farm-related income. The short 
form contained abbreviated versions of the sections on the 
nonsample census form. These three different forms were 
used to reduce the response burden of the census, while 
providing quality information on a large number of data 
items at the county level. 

The sample form was mailed to all mail list records in 
Alaska and Hawaii and to a sample of records in other 
States identified when the mail list was constructed. Addresses 
were selected into the sample with certainty if they were 
expected to have large total values of agricultural products 
sold or large acreage, if they were firms with two or more 
farms, or if they had other special characteristics. When a 
nonsample large farm was identified during processing, a 
supplemental form that contained the additional data 
inquiries was mailed. All farms in counties with less than 
100 farms in 1982 were included in the sample with 
certainty; counties containing 100 to 199 farms in 1982 
were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 2; and 
counties containing 200 or more farms in 1982 were 
systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 6. This differential 
sample scheme was used to provide reliable data for 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form for all counties. 

To determine which mail list records would receive the 
short form, all mail list records not designated for the 
sample were sorted into model groups according to farm 
probability as specified by the mail list model. The 906,000 
mail list records in the model groups with the lowest 
probability of being farms and with an expected total value 
of agricultural product sales less than $20,000 were des- 
ignated to receive the short form. The remaining mail list 
records were selected to receive the nonsample census 
form. 

CENSUS ESTIMATION 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture used two types of 
statistical estimation procedures. These estimation 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-1 



procedures accounted both for nonresponse to the data 
collection and for the sample data collection. These pro- 
cedures are used because some farm operators never 
respond to the census despite numerous attempts to 
contact them, and not all farm operators are requested to 
provide the sample data items. 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation 

A statistical estimation procedure was used to account 
for the census farms among mail list nonrespondents that 
were not designated for telephone followup. A stratified 
systematic sample of eligible census nonrespondents were 
mailed a simplified report form. Five sample strata were 
defined based on form type, expected value of sales, and 
previous census status. The report form was designed to 
provide sufficient information to determine farm status. 
Additional mail and telephone contacts were made to 
survey nonrespondents to obtain sufficient response for 
survey estimates. 

Estimates of the proportion of census nonrespondents 
that operated farms were made for each stratum in the 
State using survey results and applied to the total number 
of census nonrespondents in that stratum. A synthetic 
estimation procedure was used to estimate the number of 
census nonrespondents that operated farms for each 
county by stratum. This estimation procedure is based on 
the assumption that the distribution of farms in a stratum 
by county is the same for census nonrespondents as for 
census respondents. 

Within each stratum in a county, a noninteger nonre- 
sponse weight was calculated and assigned to each 
eligible respondent farm record. The procedure used for 
calculating the nonresponse weight assumed the eligible 
census respondents and the nonrespondent farm opera- 
tions in a county had similar characteristics within each 
stratum. The noninteger nonresponse weight was the ratio 
of the sum of the estimated number of nonrespondent 
farms (using nonresponse survey results) and the number 
of eligible census respondent farms to the number of 
eligible census respondent farms. Stratum controls were 
established to ensure that this weight was never greater 
than 2.0. The noninteger nonresponse weight was used in 
the estimation of the final weight for the sample items. It 
was randomly rounded to an integer weight of either 1 or 2 
for each record for tabulating the complete count items. 

The procedure assumed that we obtain complete response 
from large and unique farm operations because these 
cases received intensive telephone followup during cen- 
sus processing. In situations where addressees could not 
be contacted by telephone or refused to cooperate, sec- 
ondary sources such as Agricultural Stabilization and 
Conservation Service offices or county extension agents 
were asked to provide information as to whether or not the 
addressee had agricultural activities. Data from previous 
census reports for the specific addressee, in conjunction 
with other information, were used to complete the census 
report form. 



Table A quantifies the effect of the nonresponse esti- 
mation procedure on selected census data items. The 
percentage of the census value contributed by nonre- 
sponse estimation as provided in this table indicates the 
potential for bias in published figures resulting from this 
procedure. The estimates provided in these tables do not 
reflect the effect of nonresponse to individual data items 
on respondents' census report forms. The effect of this 
item nonresponse is discussed further under Census Non- 
sampling Error. 



Table A. Percent of State Totals Contributed by 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation: 1987 



Item 



Percent of total 



Farms number-- 

Land in farms acres- 
Value of land and buildings $1 ,000- - 

Market value of agricultural products sold --$1,000-- 

Harvested cropland acres- - 

Corn for grain or seed acres- - 

Whieat for grain acres- - 

Livestock and poultry inventory: 

Cattle and calves number- - 

Hogs and pigs number- - 

Hens and pullets of laying age number- - 



15.0 
8.7 

10.0 
2.6 
6.8 
5.8 
6.5 

6.7 
4.8 
1.1 



Sample Estimation 



All respondent sample records received a sample weight 
The sample data estimates the actual figures that would 
have resulted from a complete census of the items in 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form. The estimates 
were obtained from an iterative ratio estimation procedure 
that resulted in the assignment of a weight to each record 
containing sample items. For any given county, a sample 
item total was estimated by multiplying the data items for 
each farm in the county by the corresponding sample 
weight and summing overall sample records in the county. 

Each sample farm was assigned one sample weight to 
be used to produce estimates for all sample items. For 
example, if the weight given to a sample farm had the 
value 5, ail sample data items reported by that farm would 
be multiplied by 5. The weight assigned a certainty farm 
was 1 . The estimation procedure used to assign weights 
was performed for each county. 

Within a county, the ratio estimation procedure for farms 
was performed in three steps using three variables. The 
first variable contained eight 1 987 total value of agricultural 
production (TVP) groups. Both the second and third 
variables, Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code and 
farm acreage, contained two groups. The variable groups 
were as follows: 



C-2 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



TVP 



SIC 



Acres 



S1 to $999 


01 All crops 


0to69 


$1,000 to $2,499 


02 All livestock 


70 or more 


$2,500 to $ 4,999 






$5,000 to $ 9,999 






$10,000 to $24,999 






$25,000 to $49,999 






$50,000 to $99,999 






$100,000 or more 







The first step in the estimation procedure was to parti- 
tion the sample records into 32 mutually exclusive initial 
post strata formed by combining the three variable groups. 
This produced a three dimensional array where the cells of 
the array corresponded to the initial post strata groups. 
Each sample farm record was assigned an initial weight 
equal to the ratio of the total farm count to the sample farm 
count, expanded for nonresponse estimation, for the cell 
containing the sample farm. This weight was approxi- 
mately equal to the inverse of the probability of selecting a 
farm for the census sample. 

The second step in the estimation procedure was to 
combine, if necessary, the cells of the array (prior to the 
repeated ratio estimation) to increase the reliability of the 
ratio estimation procedure. Any cell within the array that 
either contained less than 1 sample farms or had a ratio 
of total farms to sample farms that was more than 2 times 
the mail sample rate was collapsed with another cell (in the 
same variable) according to a specified collapsing pattern. 
New total farm counts and sample farm counts were 
computed for each of the collapsed cells (final post strata) 
and were used in the ratio estimation procedure to calcu- 
late final sample weights. 

In the third step in the ratio estimation procedure, 
complete counts for the three variables (TVP, SIC, acre- 
age) were used to compute the marginals of the array 
defined by the final post strata. Factors were then applied 
to expanded sample totals in each cell of the array to 
obtain agreement with the row marginal (TVP) complete 
counts. The sample totals then had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the column marginal (SIC) complete 
counts. Lastly, the sample totals had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the depth marginal (acreage) com- 
plete counts. This procedure that requires the row totals, 
then the column totals, and then the depth totals to agree 
with the complete counts for the rows, columns, and 
depths, respectively, is continued iteratively until the pro- 
cess converges (the marginal totals agree with the com- 
plete count totals). 

The ratio of the adjusted total farm count to the sample 
farm count obtained from the second iteration of the 
estimation procedure was the noninteger final post stratum 
sample weight assigned to the sample farm records in that 
post stratum. The noninteger sample weight, the product 
of the noninteger final post stratum sample weight and the 
nonresponse weight, was randomly rounded to an integer 
weight for tabulation. If, for example, the final weight for the 



farms in a particular group was 7.2, then one-fifth of the 
sample farms in this group were randomly assigned a 
weight of 8 and the remaining four-fifths received a weight 
of 7. 



CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR 

Sampling error in the census data results from the 
nonresponse sample and the census sample data collec- 
tion. Census items were classified as either complete 
count or sample data items. The complete count items 
were asked of all farm operators. The complete count data 
items included land in farms, harvested cropland, livestock 
inventory and sales, crop acreages, quantities harvested 
and crop sales, land use, irrigation, government loans and 
payments, conservation acreage, type of organization, and 
operator characteristics (sections 1 through 22 of the 
census report form). Variability in the complete count data 
items is considerably smaller than in the sample items as 
the variation is due only to the nonresponse sample 
estimation procedure. The sample items were asked of 
approximately 25 percent of the total census farm opera- 
tors. The sample data items included farm production 
expenditures, fertilizer and chemical usage, farm machin- 
ery and equipment, value of land and buildings, and 
farm-related income (sections 23 through 28 of the census 
report form). Variability in the estimates of sample items is 
due both to the census sample selection and estimation 
procedure and the nonresponse sample estimation proce- 
dure. 

The sample for the 1987 Census of Agriculture is one of 
a large number of 'possible samples of the same size that 
could have been selected using the same sample design. 
Estimates derived from the different samples would differ 
from each other. The difference between a sample esti- 
mate and the average of ail possible sample estimates is 
called the sampling deviation. The standard error or sam- 
pling error of a survey estimate is a measure of the 
variation among the estimates from all possible samples, 
and thus is a measure of the precision with which an 
estimate from a particular sample approximates the aver- 
age result of all possible samples. The percent relative 
standard error of estimate is defined as the standard error 
of the estimate divided by the value being estimated 
multiplied by 100. If all possible samples were selected, 
each of the samples were surveyed under essentially the 
same conditions, and an estimate and its standard error 
were calculated from each sample, then: 

1 . Approximately 67 percent of the intervals from one 
standard error below the estimate to one standard 
error above the estimate would include the average 
value of all possible samples. 

2. Approximately 90 percent of the intervals from 1 .65 
standard errors below the estimate to 1 .65 standard 
errors above the estimate would include the aver- 
age value of all possible samples. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-3 



The computations involved to define the above confi- 
dence statements are illustrated in the following example. 
Assume that the estimate of number of farms for the State 
is 94,382 and the relative standard error of the estimate 
(percent) is .1 percent (0.001). Multiplying 94,382 by 0.001 
yields 94, the standard error. Therefore, a 67-percent 
confidence interval is 94,288 to 94,476 (i.e., 94,382 plus or 
minus 94). If corresponding confidence intervals were 
constructed for all possible samples of the same size and 
design, approximately 2 out of 3 (67 percent) of these 
intervals would contain the figure obtained from a com- 
plete enumeration. Similarly, a 90 percent confidence 
interval is 94,227 to 94,538 (i.e., 94,382 plus or minus 1.65 
x94). 

Tables B and C provide the reliability estimates of the 
estimated number of farms in a county reporting complete 
count and sample items, respectively. Both tables show 
the percent relative standard errors for selected estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting an item.These are 
derived from a regression equation. The parameters of the 
regression equation were estimated using the estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting the complete count 
or sample item as the independent variable and the 
standard error of that estimate as the dependent variable 
for all counties in the State. 



Table B. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Complete Count Item: 
1987 



Farms 



Number of farms reporting: 

25 

50 

75 

100 

150 

200 

300 

500 

750 

1,000 

1,500 

2,000 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



7.4 
4.8 
3.7 

3.1 

2.4 

2.0 

1.6 

1.1 

.9 

.7 

.6 

.5 



Note: Complete count items are items in sections 1 to 22 of the report 
form. 



To illustrate the use of these tables, assume that the 
estimate of the number of farms reporting hogs and pigs 
for a particular county, as given in county table 12, is 89. 
Since hogs and pigs is a complete count data item, refer to 
table B and select the estimated relative standard error of 
the estimate from the row whose value is equal to or just 
less than the estimated number of farms, 89. For this 
example, the relative standard error of Ihe estimate comes 
from the row for 75 farms reporting. For sample data items, 
follow the same procedure using table C. In counties that 
had less than 100 farms in the 1982 Census of Agriculture, 
table C does not apply because the farms in these 



counties were sampled with certainty (1 in 1), and thus, the 
reliability estimates for the number of farms in these 
counties are smaller than for counties that were sampled 
at lower rates (1 in 2 or 1 in 6). 

Table C. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Number of farms reporting 

25 

50 

75 

100 

150 ■ 

200 • 

300 ■ 

500 

750 • 

1,000 ■ 

1,500 

2,000 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



13.8 
8.5 
6.3 
5.2 
3.9 
3.2 
2.4 
1.6 
1.2 
1.0 
.8 
.6 



Note: Sample items are items in sections 23 to 28 of the report form. 

Table D presents the relative standard error of selected 
State data items for all farms and for all farms with sales of 
$10,000 or more. The percent relative standard error of the 
estimate for complete count data measures the variation 
associated with the sample-based adjustment for whole 
farm nonresponse. The percent relative standard error of 
the estimate for sample items measures both the sampling 
error due to the nonresponse sample estimation procedure 
and the census sample selection and estimation proce- 
dure. The reliability of State estimates may vary substan- 
tially from State to State. Generally, State estimates for a 
given data item are less reliable than the corresponding 
U.S. estimate. 

Table E presents the standard error (not relative stand- 
ard error) for percent change in State totals from 1 982 to 
1 987. The general purpose of the percent change estimate 
is to provide a relative measure of the difference in a 
characteristic between censuses. The relative change for 
a given characteristic is defined as the ratio of the differ- 
ence of the 1987 and the 1982 estimate for that charac- 
teristic to the 1982 estimate. This ratio is multiplied by 100 
to obtain the percent change. The percent standard error 
of a percent change estimate, then, is the standard error of 
the ratio multiplied by 100. 

Table F presents the relative standard error for county 
totals for 10 major complete count items and 7 sample 
items. The relative standard error of the estimate (percent) 
for the same item differs among counties in a State. 
Reasons for this are differences among counties in (1) the 
total number of farms, (2) the number of large farms 
included with certainty, (3) the size classifications of the 
farms sampled, (4) the amount of nonresponse, (5) the 
general agricultural characteristics, and (6) the specific 
characteristic being measured. 



C-4 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR 

The accuracy of the census counts are affected by the 
joint effects of the sampling errors described in the previ- 
ous section and nonsampling errors. Extensive efforts 
were made to compile a complete and accurate mail list for 
the census, to design an understandable report form and 
instructions, and to minimize processing errors through the 
use of quality' control, verification, and check measures on 
specific operations. Nonsampling errors arise from incom- 
pleteness of the census mail list, duplication in the mail list, 
incorrect data reporting, errors in editing of reported data, 
and errors in imputation for missing data. These specific 
nonsampling errors are further discussed in this section. 
Evaluation studies will be conducted to measure the extent 
of certain nonsampling errors such as coverage error, 
classification error, and item imputation. 

Census Coverage 

The main objective of the census of agriculture is to 
obtain a complete and accurate enumeration of U.S. farms 
with accurate data on all aspects of the agricultural oper- 
ation. However, the cost and availability of resources for 
this enumeration place restrictions on operationally feasi- 
ble data collection methodologies. The past five agricul- 
ture censuses have been conducted by mail enumeration 
with telephone contact for selected nonrespondents. The 
completeness of such an enumeration thus depends to a 
large extent on the coverage of farm operations by the 
census mail list. 

Historically, the census of agriculture has included 
approximately 90 percent of the farms in the United States 
and over 96 percent of the agricultural production. Com- 
plete enumeration of agricultural operations satisfying the 
farm definition of $1,000 or more in agricultural sales is 
complicated by fluctuations in agricultural operations qual- 
ifying for enumeration, the variety of arrangements under 
which farms are operated, the multiplicity of names used 
by an operation, the number of operations in which an 
operator participates, the accuracy of data reporting, etc. A 
new mail list is compiled for each census because no 
current single list of agricultural operations is comprehen- 
sive. 

An evaluation of census coverage has been conducted 
for each census of agriculture since 1 945. The evaluation 
provides estimates of the completeness of census farm 
count and major census data items. In addition, the 
evaluation helps to identify problems in the census enu- 
meration and provide information that can form the basis 
for improvements. The results of the 1987 Coverage 
Evaluation program will be published in volume 2, part 2. 

The evaluation of coverage conducted in 1987 was 
designed to measure errors in the census mail list and in 
farm classification. Mail list error includes a measurement 
of farms not on the census mail list (undercount), and a 
measurement of farms enumerated more than once in the 



census (overcount). Classification error includes a mea- 
surement of farms classified as nonfarms in the census 
(undercount) and of nonfarms classified as farms in the 
census (overcount). Classification error arises from report- 
ing and processing errors. Mail list undercount dominates 
all coverage errors. Net coverage error is defined as the 
difference of undercounted and overcounted farms. Mea- 
surements of these errors, as well as a description of the 
complete coverage program, will be available in the Cov- 
erage Evaluation report. 

Mail List Coverage 

A major problem with the use of a mail list for the census 
of agriculture enumeration is the difficulties that are encoun- 
tered in compiling a complete list. The percentage of farms 
on the census mail list varies considerably by State. 
Several reasons have contributed to farm operators' names 
not being included on the census mail list— the operation 
may have been started after the mail list was developed, 
the operation may be so small as not to appear in 
agricultural related source lists used in compiling the 
census list, or the operation may have been falsely clas- 
sified as a nonfarm prior to mailout. A large proportion of 
the farms not included on the mail list were small in both 
acres and sales of agricultural products. 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture Coverage Evaluation 
used the area segment sample of the 1987 June Enumer- 
ative Survey (JES) of the National Agricultural Statistical 
Service (NASS) to estimate farms not on the census mail 
list. The Census Bureau contracted with the NASS to 
augment the JES data collection and receive survey data 
under the confidentiality protection afforded by Title 13, 
U.S. Code, from ail residents of area sample segments 
with agricultural activity. These survey records were matched 
to the census mail list. Records that did not match were 
mailed a census of agriculture report form to estimate mail 
list coverage. Estimates of farms not on the census mail 
list used the capture-recapture dual frame estimator that 
will be described in the Coverage Evaluation report. 

Table G provides coverage evaluation estimates of the 
number of farms not on the mail list and selected charac- 
teristics of those farms with their percent relative standard 
error. The table also provides an estimate of characteris- 
tics of farms not on the mail list as a percentage of total 
farms in the State. The estimate of total farms in the State 
is based on census farm count and the estimated number 
of farms not on the census mail list. This estimate of total 
farms in the State was not adjusted for classification and 
list duplication errors. Estimates of these errors will be 
made at the regional rather than the State level and will be 
available in the Coverage Evaluation report. The table 
provides the standard error (not relative standard error) of 
this percent estimate. 

Respondent and Enumerator Error 

Incorrect or incomplete responses to the mailed census 
report form or to the questions posed by a telephone 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-5 



enumerator introduce error into the census data. Such 
incorrect information can lead, in some cases, to incorrect 
enumeration of farms. This type of reporting error is 
measured by the Classification Error Study discussed later 
in this section. To reduce all types of reporting error, 
questions were phrased as clearly as possible based on 
tests of the census report form, and detailed instructions 
for completing the report form were provided to each 
addressee. In addition, each respondent's answers were 
checked for completeness and consistency. 

Item Nonresponse 

Nonresponse to particular questions on the census 
report that we would logically or statistically expect to be 
present may create a type of nonsampling error in both 
complete count and sample data. When information reported 
for another farm with similar characteristics is used to edit 
or impute for item nonresponse, the data may be biased 
because the characteristics of the nonrespondents have 
not been observed and may differ from those reported by 
respondents. Any attempt to correct the data for nonre- 
sponse may not completely reflect this difference either at 
the element level (individual farm operation) or on the 
average. 

Processing Error 

The many steps of processing of each census report 
form are sources for the introduction of nonsampling error. 
The processing of the census report forms includes cleri- 
cal screening for farm activity, computerized check-in of 
report forms and followup of nonrespondents, keying and 
transmittal of completed report forms, computerized edit- 
ing of inconsistent and missing data, review and correction 
of individual records referred from the computer edit, 
review and correction of tabulated data, and electronic 
data processing. These operations undergo a number of 
quality control checks to ensure as accurate an application 
as possible, yet some errors are not detected and cor- 
rected. 

Classification Error 

An evaluation study of classification errors was con- 
ducted in the 1987 Census of Agriculture as part of the 
census coverage evaluation program. A sample of mail list 
respondents was selected, and these addresses reenu- 
merated to determine whether they were a farm or non- 
farm. A farm status determination was made based on the 
evaluation questionnaire and compared with the status 
based on the data reported on the census form. Differ- 
ences in status were reconciled. 

In past censuses, the proportion of farms undercounted 
due to classification errors was higher for farms with small 
values of sales. The classification error rate was higher for 
(1) livestock farms than crop farms, (2) farms with a small 



number of acres than larger farms, or (3) tenant farms than 
full or part-owner farms. Results from the 1987 classifica- 
tion error study will be published in the Coverage Evalua- 
tion report. 



EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 
NONRESPONSE 

For the 1987 Census of Agriculture, as in previous 
censuses, all reported data were keyed and then edited by 
computer. The edits were used to determine whether the 
reports met the minimum criteria to be counted as farms in 
the census. Computer edits also performed a series of 
complex, logical checks of consistency and completeness 
of item responses. They provided the basis for deciding to 
accept, impute (supply), delete, or alter the reported value 
for each data record item. 

Whenever possible, edit imputations, deletions, and 
changes were based on component or related data on the 
respondent's report form. For some items, such as oper- 
ator characteristics, data from the previous census were 
used when available. Values for other missing or unaccept- 
able reported data items were calculated based on reported 
quantities and known price parameters. 

When these and similar methods were not available and 
values had to be supplied, the imputation process used 
information reported for another farm operation in a geo- 
graphically adjacent area with characteristics similar to 
those of the farm operation with incomplete data. For 
example, a farm operation that reported acres of corn 
harvested, but did not report quantity of corn harvested, 
was assigned the same bushels of corn per acre harvested 
as that of the last nearby farm with similar characteristics 
that reported acceptable yields during that particular exe- 
cution of the computer edit. The imputation for missing 
items in each section of the report form was conducted 
separately; thus, assigned values for one operation could 
come from more than one respondent. 

Prior to the imputation operation, a set of default values 
and relationships were assigned to the possible imputation 
variables. The relationships and values varied depending 
on the item being imputed. For example, different default 
values were assigned for several standard industrial clas- 
sification and total value of sales categories when imputing 
hired farm labor expenses. These values and item relation- 
ships for the possible imputation variables were stored in 
the computer in a series of matrices. The computer 
records were sorted by reported State and county, where 
the county sequence was based on similar types of farms 
and agricultural practices. 

Each execution of the computer edit consisted of records 
from only one State. For a given execution of the edit, the 
stored entries in the various matrices were retained in the 
computer only until a succeeding record having acceptable 
characteristics for some sections of the report form was 
processed by the computer. Then the acceptable responses 



C-6 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



of the succeeding operation replaced those previously 
stored. When a record processed through the edit had 
unreported or unacceptable data, the record was assigned 
the last acceptable ratio or response from an operation 
with a similar set of characteristics. Once each execution 
of the computer edit for a State was completed, the 
possible imputation variables were reset to the default 
values and relationships for subsequent executions. 

After the initial computer edit, keyed reports not meeting 
the census farm definition were reviewed to ensure that 



the data were keyed correctly. Edit referrals were gener- 
ated for about 30 percent of the reports included as farms, 
and they were also reviewed for keying accuracy and to 
ensure that the computer edit actions were correct. If the 
results of the computer edit were not acceptable, correc- 
tions were made and the record was reedited. More 
extensive discussions of the edit and item imputation 
methodology with measures of the extent of imputation in 
the census estimates will be provided in a separate 
research report. 



Tables D through G follow. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-7 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987 



nrng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 


Item 




Relative standard 




Relative standard 






Total 


error of estimate 


Total 


error of estimate 






(number) 


(percent) 


(number) 


(percent) 


F rm 


number.. 


14 776 

2 396 629 

162 


.1 
,2 
.3 


6 782 

1 883 435 

278 


.1 


Land in farms 




.2 


Aversqe size of farm 


acres.. 


.3 


Value of land and buildings' 


$1,000-. 


5 418 920 


1,8 


3 923 138 


2 1 


Average per farm 


dollars.. 


366 788 


21 


579 061 


26 


Average per acre 


dollars.. 


2 261 


2.8 


2 088 


40 


Estimated market value of alt macfiinery and equipment' 


$1.000.. 


657 693 


1.7 


515 338 


1,9 


Average per farm 


dollars.. 


44 656 


1.8 


76 065 


2,3 


Farms by size: 












1 to 9 acres --- 


farms.. 


1 838 


1.0 


674 


1,1 




acres.. 


8 093 


1.2 


2 559 


13 


10 to 49 acres — 


farms.. 


4 400 


6 


924 


1.0 




acres.. 


111 409 


,7 


22 968 


1,1 


50 to 179 acres -- 


farms.. 


4 885 


.5 


2 063 


,7 




acres.. 


490 233 


.6 


231 602 


,7 


180 to 499 acres 


farms.. 


2 591 


,7 


2 113 


.6 




acres.. 


747 227 


.6 


626 417 


.6 


500 to 999 acres - 


.,- farms.. 


712 


1.0 


663 


,8 




acres.. 


471 565 


.9 


441 702 


,8 


1,000 to 1,999 acres 


farms.. 


284 


- 


281 


- 




acres.. 


374 944 




(D) 


(D) 


2,000 acres or more - - - 


farms.. 


66 


- 


64 


- 




acres.. 


193 158 


- 


(D) 


(D) 


Total cropland — 


farms.. 


13 200 


.2 


5 987 


.2 




acres 


1 744 891 


.2 


1 469 504 


.2 


Harvested cropland 


farms.. 


11 960 


.2 


5 69B 


.2 




acres.. 


1 346 913 


2 


1 194 181 


2 


Acres tiarvested: 












1 to 9 acres 


farms.. 


2 559 


.8 


420 


1 4 




acres.. 


11 117 


1.0 


1 765 


2.0 


10 to 49 acres 


farms.. 


4 285 


6 


1 057 


1.0 




acres. . 


103 176 


.7 


28 890 


1.2 


50 to 99 acres 


farms.. 


1 774 


9 


1 042 


1.1 




acres.. 


122 781 


1.0 


74 990 


11 


100 to 199 acres 


farms.. 


1 602 


.9 


1 446 


,8 




acres. . 


223 981 


.9 


204 794 


8 


200 to 499 acres 


farms.. 


1 204 


1 


1 198 


7 




acres.. 


369 711 


1 


(D) 


(D) 




farms.. 


358 


1 


367 


.7 




acres.. 


243 133 


.6 


(D) 


(D) 


1,000 acres or more 


farms.. 


178 


- 


178 


- 




acres.. 


273 014 


- 


273 014 


" 


Cropland used only for pasture or grazing — _ 


farms.. 


5 436 


.5 


2 222 


.6 




acres.. 


189 466 


.7 


114 942 


.8 


Other cropland 


farms.- 


4 582 


.5 


2 402 


.5 




acres.- 


208 512 


.7 


160 381 


.6 




farms.- 


1 074 


1.0 


769 


.9 




acres— 


50 762 


1,0 


49 191 


.9 


Acres irrigated: 












1 to 9 acres 


farms.. 


567 


1.4 


309 


1-6 




acres.. 


1 566 


2.1 


956 


2.3 


10 to 49 acres 


farms.. 


270 


2.3 


224 


22 




acres.. 


5 809 


2.5 


4 898 


24 


50 to 99 acres 


farms.. 


80 


3.3 


79 


3-3 




acres.- 


5 430 


3.3 


(D) 


(D) 


100 to 199 acres - 


farms.. 


80 


29 


80 


2-7 




acres.. 


10 875 


3.0 


10 875 


28 


200 to 499 acres 


farms.. 


66 


1.7 


66 


1-7 




acres.. 


20 086 


1.5 


20 086 


1.4 


500 to 999 acres 


farms.. 


10 


- 


10 


- 




acres.. 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


1,000 acres or more 


farms.. 


1 


- 


1 


- 




acres.. 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


tvlarket value of agricultural products sold 


$1.000.. 


989 061 


.1 


964 750 


.1 


Average per farm 


-dollars-. 


66 937 


.2 


142 261 


-2 


Value of sales: 












Less Ifian $2.500 — 


-- farms.. 


4 165 


.6 


- 


- 




$1,000.. 


4 019 


.9 


- 


- 


$2,500 to $4.999 


farms.. 


1 948 


1.0 


- 


- 




$1,000.. 


7 031 


1.0 


- 


- 


$5,000 to $9,999 


farms.. 


1 881 


1.0 


- 


- 




$1.000.. 


13 262 


1.0 


- 


~ 


$10,000 to $24,999 


farms.. 


2 012 


.9 


2 012 


.7 




$1.000.. 


31 920 


9 


31 920 


.8 


$25,000 to $49.999 _ 


farms.. 


1 100 


1.2 


1 100 


1.1 




$1.000.. 


38 952 


1.2 


38 952 


1 1 


$50,000 to $99 999 


farms.. 


1 084 


1.1 


1 084 


1 




$1,000.. 


78 529 


1.1 


78 529 


1-0 


$100,000 or more 


farms.. 


2 586 


- 


2 586 


- 




$1,000.. 


815 349 


- 


815 349 


- 


Sales by commodity or commodity group: 












Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops 


farms.. 


9 331 


.3 


4 871 


'■i 




$1,000.. 


253 056 


2 


238 964 


-2 


Grains 


$1,000.. 


123 049 


.3 


116 665 


-3 


Corn for grain 


$1,000.. 


53 661 


.4 


51 110 


-4 


Wheat... - 


$1,000.. 


16 653 


.5 


16 700 


-^ 


Soybeans 


$1,000.. 


48 499 


.4 


45 841 


4 


Sorghum for grain 


$1.000.. 


103 


3.3 


88 


3-0 


Barley 


$1,000.. 


3 473 


.7 


3 330 


-7 


Oats 


$1,000.. 


448 


3.2 


403 


3-5 


Other grains 


$1.000.. 


212 


3-5 


193 


36 



See footnotes at end of table 



C-8 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987-Con. 



irng of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



Sales by commodity or commodity group— Con. 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops— Con. 

Cotton and cottonseed - $1,000. 

Tobacco $1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds - $1,000. 

Vegetables, sv^eet corn, and melons $1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries $1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops $1,000. 

Other crops - $1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products farms, 

$1,000, 

Poultry and poultry products .-_ _ --- $1,000, 

Dairy products $1,000. 

Cattle and calves. __ $1,000. 

Hogs and pigs .._ $1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool _ - $1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products (see text) __ $1,000, 

Farms by standard industrial classification; 

Cash grains (011) - farms, 

acres 
Field crops, except cash grains (013) _- - farms. 

Vegetables and melons (016) (arms, 

acres. 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) farms, 

acres 

Horticultural specialties (018) farms, 

acres. 

General (arms, primarily crop (019) farms. 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (021) farms, 

acres. 
Dairy farms (024) farms, 

acres 
Poultry and eggs (025) farms 

acres 
Animal specialties (027) farms 

acres 
General farms, pnmanly livestock and animal specialties (029) farms. 

Farms by type of organization 
Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms. 

acres. 
Partnership farms. 

acres. 
Corporation farms. 

acres. 
Other— cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. farms. 

acres. 
Tenure of operator: 
Full owners farms. 

acres. 
Part owners __ farms. 

acres. 
Tenants fanns. 

acres. 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming _, farms. 

acres. 

Other _ _ farms. 

acres. 
Operators by sex: 

Male farms. 

acres. 

Female farms. 

acres. 
Average age of operator years. 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction programs; 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment programs farms. 

acres. 
Conservation reserve program farms. 

acres. 

Government payments: 

Amount received in cash $1,000, 

Value ol certificates received , $1,000, 

Net cash return from agncultural sales': 

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit (see text) farms, 

$1,000, 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms with net gains^ number, 

$1,000, 

Farms with net losses number, 

$1,000, 

Total farm production expenses' farms, 

$1,000, 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms, 

$1,000, 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms, 

$1,000, 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms, 

$1,000, 

Commercial fertilizer farms, 

$1,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



15 731 

10 116 

28 205 

8 473 

63 869 

3 612 

8 519 

736 006 

425 871 

187 216 

56 718 

37 032 

1 274 

27 894 



3 081 
917 703 

2 006 
182 223 

517 
62 078 

302 
24 610 

483 
33 757 

618 
91 596 

3 541 
382 672 

1 340 
421 919 

1 542 
195 493 



225 



12 738 

1 756 220 

1 323 

359 020 

619 

250 460 

96 

30 929 



9 375 
886 387 

3 693 
1 202 858 

1 708 
307 384 



7 882 

1 852 389 

6 894 
544 240 

13 354 

2 283 805 

1 422 

112 824 

52.7 



14 774 

135 200 

9 151 



14 774 
851 440 

5 250 
102 147 

7 995 
300 284 

9 338 
23 063 
10 292 
50 516 



12 598 

7 860 
27 174 

8 013 
63 146 

3 499 

4 694 
725 795 
425 563 
187 142 

50 007 

36 192 

746 

26 146 



62 114 

938 

202 473 

1 321 

420 991 

1 440 

191 243 

197 



5 


401 


1 301 


4fiB 




839 


31fl 


461 




483 


239 054 



499 807 

2 469 

1 112 014 

1 024 

271 614 

5 077 
1 634 241 

1 705 
249 194 

6 310 
1 822 689 

472 

60 746 

51.0 



6 775 
160 118 
23 634 

4 869 

193 194 

1 906 

33 076 

6 775 

802 328 

3 252 



5 273 
21 439 

5 285 
46 788 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-9 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Farms witti sales of S10.000 or more 



Total farm production expenses— Con. 
Agricultural ctiemicals farms__ 

$1.000.. 
Petroleum products farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Electricity farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Hired farm labor farms. . 

$1,000.. 
Contract labor larms.. 

$1,000.. 
Repair and maintenance farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Customworl<, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1,000., 
Interest farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Cash rent farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Property taxes farms.. 

$1.000.. 
All other farm production expenses farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Livestock and poultry: 

Cattle and calves inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Beef cows farms.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms.. 

number.. 

Cattle and calves sold farms.. 

number.. 
Hogs and pigs inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Hogs and pigs sold farms.. 

number.. 

Sheep and lambs inventory farms.. 

number.. 
Sheep and lambs sold farms.. 

number.. 
Hens and pullets of laying age inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold farms.. 

number.. 
Horses and ponies inventory farms.. 

number.. 

Selected crops han/ested: 
Corn for grain or seed 



id farms.. 

acres., 
bushels. - 

Wheat for gram farms.. 

bushels. - 

Barley for grain farms.. 

acres.. 
bushels.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

acres., 
pounds.. 

Soybeans for beans farms.. 

acres., 
bushels.. 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small gram, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc, 

(see text) farms.. 

acres.- 
tons, dry.. 



9 362 
26 447 
13 824 
30 365 
10 585 
16 592 

5 958 

81 230 

1 585 



5 327 
9 821 
5 843 

40 272 
3 987 

26 726 

13 206 
19 804 
13 462 
67 978 



5 780 
308 052 

3 185 
48 454 

1 594 
110 463 

5 368 
154 540 

1 322 
197 214 

1 265 
372 470 



16 714 

1 309 

3 706 405 

1 381 

257 070 110 

3 287 

26 513 



3 112 

146 081 

6 766 273 

1 541 

59 268 

3 707 134 

1 357 

10 780 

13 751 729 

3 697 

405 170 

9 352 369 



6 619 
255 676 
593 854 



5 342 
24 759 

6 476 
26 755 

5 907 
15 389 



9 509 
6 018 
39 401 

3 384 
8 738 
3 954 

35 413 
2 853 

25 426 



12 476 
6 775 
63 391 



2 878 

265 258 
1 102 
28 879 



2 816 

136 096 

816 

189 325 



1 353 

257 061 880 

893 

8 728 



3 589 

400 179 

30 145 244 

2 330 

134 432 

6 339 852 

1 312 

56 634 

3 566 060 



2 615 

374 489 

8 800 630 



3 047 
186 533 
485 725 



'Data are based on a sample of farms- 

^Farms with total production expenses equal to market value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains. 



C-10 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table E. Reliability Estimates of Percent Change in State Totals: 1982 to 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 



Farms number. _ 

Land in (arms acres.. 

Value ot land and buildingsV 

Average per farm. .._ dollars.. 

Total cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

acres.. 

Irngated land farms.. 

acres.. 

Market value of agricultural products sold farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Livestock, poultry, and their products farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Poultry and poultry products farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Selected farm production expenses'; 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Feed for livestock and poultry _ _ farms.. 

$1.000., 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Commercial fertilizer^ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Agncultural chemicals^ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Interest^ farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Livestock and poultry inventory: 

Cattle and calves. farms.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs farms.. 

number. . 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms.. 

number.. 
Selected crops han/ested 

Corn for grain or seed farms.. 

acres.. 

Sorghum for gram or seed farms. . 

acres.. 

Wheat for gram farms.. 

acres.. 

Soybeans for beans farms.. 

acres.. 
Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. 
(see text) farms.. 

acres. . 
Vegetables harvested for sate (see text) farms.. 

acres.. 
Land in orchards _ ,. farms.. 

acres.. 



-3.5 
-18.6 
18,5 
-7.1 
-31.2 



-17.5 
-13.3 
-29.0 

10.1 
-30,9 

-3,2 

-23,0 
-30,3 
42.9 
58.6 
-1,3 
5,7 



-18.9 
-6,2 
-20,4 
-14,2 



-22,8 
-26.0 
-10.7 



-20,9 
-31,5 
-14,5 

-4,7 
-20,1 

20,3 
-10,0 
-33.0 



-17,2 
-11.4 
-26.9 

12.3 
-31.2 

-2.7 

-27.1 
-31.8 
16.7 
31.2 
-8.6 
2.8 



'Data are based on a sample of farms 

^Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications 

^Data for 1 982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-11 



Table F. Reliability Estimates of County Totals: 1987 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Land in farms 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Estimated market value 

of all mactiinery and 

equipment' 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Harvested cropland 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorctlester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Hartord 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. 
Queen Anne's _. 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



1.0 



464 

636 

1 238 



392 

1 439 

670 



48 941 
42 413 
92 806 
41 251 

132 804 
166 745 

86 861 
67 655 
125 019 
236 350 
121 529 
99 948 
54 041 

133 597 
103 377 

62 308 
170 677 

80 493 

64 305 
109 032 
137 529 

95 542 
123 406 



2.6 



152 385 
332 346 
357 755 
237 760 
347 781 
329 077 
484 683 
232 767 
456 990 
420 302 
180 133 
344 590 
446 488 
923 353 
587 159 
220 789 
680 385 
216 780 
256 596 
920 090 
282 451 
244 509 
361 933 



4.2 



6 012 

14 934 

34 033 

15 725 
36 370 
54 318 
23 362 
19 666 
28 904 
70 811 
23 763 
30 081 
14 035 
30 084 
27 697 

16 292 
30 714 

17 577 
22 495 
22 098 
46 054 

35 898 

36 768 



13.8 



10 914 

17 445 

50 714 
13 560 
97 934 

103 965 

52 301 

20 603 

83 948 

135 370 

39 257 

51 447 
27 810 
88 997 
51 812 
22 768 

114 736 

32 724 

38 245 

76 918 

77 744 
61 594 
76 107 



2.3 



17.1 



363 

13 279 

293 



Hogs and pigs inventory 



Corn for gram or seed 



Soybeans for beans 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Relative 
standard 

error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Relative 
standard 
error of 
estimate 
(percent) 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel . 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester .-. 

Fredenck 

Garrett 

Hartord 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery _. 
Prince George' 
Queen Anne's 

St. Mary's 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Washington... 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



5 158 

3 386 
14 631 

1 649 

4 966 
36 833 
13 511 

3 095 
881 
78 537 
24 186 
19 515 
9 841 
9 546 
12 131 

3 646 
8 122 

4 917 

2 066 
4 278 

42 821 

1 694 

2 642 



462 
1 862 

3 935 

(D) 
8 883 
10 115 

4 211 
7 855 

28 853 
6 929 

3 084 

1 294 

2 721 

(D) 

2 780 

4 302 

3 358 
17 542 

14 273 
2 765 

22 284 

15 144 
28 172 



1 379 
4 678 
19 322 

4 923 
23 697 
34 383 
22 457 

5 778 
19 399 

25 051 
4 137 

21 376 
11 135 
46 916 
15 857 
7 614 
54 141 

7 813 

8 783 
32 866 
19 308 
14 998 

26 398 



9.4 



117 
1 681 

3 390 

1 351 
20 272 
11 113 

4 283 

2 514 

14 725 

11 639 
136 

2 901 
1 812 
8 541 

5 007 
1 372 

15 509 

3 209 

5 708 

12 632 

6 056 

5 376 

6 737 



10.8 



3 544 
6 691 

2 901 
54 426 
13 804 
11 296 

6 213 
52 811 

7 672 

6 098 

3 445 
22 987 

9 934 
3 580 

40 552 
13 041 
22 615 
34 894 

3 886 

41 334 
43 446 



3 294 
8 453 

39 750 

4 379 
72 343 
55 899 

40 411 
8 278 

51 509 
94 647 
19 377 
24 500 
18 305 
43 528 
26 049 
16 115 
31 281 
13 271 
80 893 
26 579 
54 091 
134 061 
122 048 



Selected farm production expenses' 



Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 



Commercial fertilizer 



Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 



Hired farm labor 



Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 



Petroleum products 



Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 



Electhcity for the farm business 



Relative 

standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel ... 

Baltimore 

Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil _. 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Hartord 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's. 
Queen Anne's _. 

St. Mary's 

Somerset. 

Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



7 069 

4 933 
3 832 

466 
7 687 

5 152 
2 970 

1 611 

2 675 
2 383 

585 



551 
12 570 
1 953 
4 039 
21 904 
17 069 



19.6 
61 1 
16,8 
70.9 



26.2 
28.9 
19.7 



302 
841 

1 945 
624 

3 765 
3 667 

2 176 
866 

3 224 
5 563 

900 
1 650 

1 188 

3 623 

2 798 
610 

4 370 
1 155 

1 413 

2 950 
2 727 

1 960 

2 197 



(D) 

1 325 
6 490 

(D) 
3 197 

6 176 
3 995 

793 

3 686 
9 495 

490 

2 981 
2 537 

7 839 

4 950 
2 625 

2 582 
880 

3 653 



386 

1 579 

2 140 
1 093 



826 
1 317 
1 041 



13.2 
19.6 
20.3 



942 
2 006 
1 500 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



C-12 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table G. State Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the l\/lail List: 1987 



[Data are based on a sample o( farms, 



ning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Not on mail list 



Total number 



Relative standard error 

of estimate 

(percent) 



Percent not on mail list 



Standard error of percent 



Farms by size: 

Less than 50 acres tarms. 

50 acres or more (arms_ 



Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $10,000. farms. 

Less than $2,500 farms. 

$2,500 to $9.999 farms. 

$10,000 or more _ farms. 

Markel value of agricultural products sold $1,000. 

Farms by standard industrial classification: 

Crops (01) _ farms- 

Liveslock (02) farms. 

Farms by tenure of operator: 

Full owners farms. 

Pari owners farms, 

Tenants _ farms- 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming __ _ farms. 

Other farms. 

Average age of operator ,. years. 



3 101 

2 375 

726 

246 



Note 2: Detail may not add to total due to rounding. 



; not accounted for in these estimates, but will be provided i 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-13 



APPENDIX D. 
Report Form and Information Sheet 



DOE BY FEBRUARY!, 1988 





. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
1201 Fast Tenth Street 
Jsffar«onvill», IN 47133 



Note -- If your records are not available, reasonable estimates may be 
used. If you cannot file by February 1 . a time extension request may be 
sent to the above address. Include your 12-character Census FIIg 
Number (CFN) as shown in your address label in all correspondence to 



File Numberls) h< 



completed report. 



NOTICE — Response to this inquiry is require 
THE CENSUS BUREAU IS CONFIDENTIAL, It 
only for statistical purposes. Your report CANNOT be used f' 



(title 13. U.S. Code! By i 



In coiraapondenca perlainino to this report, pleasa ref«r to your Census File Number (CFN) 



87-AO201 



r 



and ZIP Code ENTER s 



ACREAGE IN 1 987 Report land owned, rented, or used 
by you, your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or 
organization for which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, 
REGARDLESS OF LOCATION OR USE cropland, 
pastufeland, rangeland, woodland, idle land, house lots, etc. 



R YOU f>p»mto€S it 



1 B8 7 chMng»tt during thm 1^001*, 



nfor to thm INFORMATION SHEET, auction 1. 



1 . At! land owned Q 

2 . All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land worked 
by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for services, 
payment of taxes, etc Include leased Federal, State, and railroad 
land. (DO NOT include land used on a per heaa basis under a 
grazing permit ) Also complete item 5 below LJ 

3. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS, including land worked on 
shares by others and land subleased. Also complete item 6 below. L_i 

4. Acres in "THIS PLACE" ~ add acres owned (item 1 1 
and acres rented (item 2). then SUBTRACT acres rented 

TO OTHERS (item 3), and enter the result in this space ^ 



"THIS PLACB."- 



5 . If you rented land FROM OTHERS (item 2). enter the following information for each landlord. 



Name of landlord 



Mailing address (IncJude ZIP Code) 



6. " you rented land TO OTHERS (item 3), enter the following information for each renter. 



Mailing address (Include ZIP Codef \ Number of 



a. Of the land you rented or leased to others, how many 
acres did you own? 



□ 



7. Did you have any grazing permits on a per-head basis? 

1 LJ Yes — Mark (X) all boxes which apply . 

2 d] No — Go fo item 8 



! I Forest Service 

* n Taylor Grazing Sec. 3 (BLM} 

5 1 I Indian Land 

e D Other - Specify^ 



8. LOCATION OF AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY FOR "THIS PLACE" 



a . In what county was the 
largest value ot your 
agricultural products 
raised or produced? . . . . 

b. If you also had agricultural 
operations in any other 
counry(ies), enter the 
county name(s), etc 



INSTRUCTIONS — Please report your crops in the appropriate section. 

Use section 7 to report ONLY those CROPS NOT listed in sections 2 through 6 

and section 8. DO NOT INCLUDE crops grown on land rented to others. 



^-t JUiftiTU'JH W^r*^ any nf th» ffnnnwlno CROPS harvested from "THIS 

in 19877 



1 . Com (field) for grain or 

seed IRaparr quanv'TY on a 
cfry stalled weight basis ) . . 



n 



2. Com (field) for silage 

or green chop CD 

3. Soybeans for beans . . □ 

4. Beans, dry edible .... CH 

5. Wheat for grain d] 

6. Oats for grain □ 

7. Barley for grain CH 

8. Rye for grain CD 



10. Sorghum for silage or 
green chop (Do nor include 
sorghum- Sudan crosses. I. . . 

1 1 . Tobacco — alt types . . 

12. Potatoes. Irish 



Quantity harvested 



TiH^AitiK^tga Was any DRY HAY. GRASS SILAGE. HAVLAGE. or GREEN CHOP CUl 
- or harvested from "THIS PLACE" in 1987? 

Include soryhum-audan crossoa and hay cut front pasturoa. 

^^ 1 CD YES — Complof thig veccton 2 CD NO — Co i 



y under GRASS SILAGE. HA YLACE. and GREEN CHOP. 



1 . DRY MAY Of TWO or more cutting 
hay were made from the same acres. 
acres only once, but raport total tons 
cuttings. ) 

a. Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures for 
hay or dehydrating 



b. Small grain hay — oats, wheat, 

barley, rye, etc 

c. Other tame dry hay — clover, lespedeza, 
timothy. Sudangrass. meadow and 
pasture grasses, etc 



d. Wild hay 

2 . GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, AND 

GREEN CHOP fif two or more cuttings 
v^ere made from the same acres, report 
acres only once, but report total tons from 
all cuttings.! 

3. HAY SOLD — Did you sell any hay 
or grass silage in 1 987? rffeporr value 



Quantity 
harvested 

(fteport aither dr\ 



.□Yes 



iDNo 



PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO REPORT 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-1 



SALE from "THIS PLACE" in 19877 (Do not mcJuOe those grown for 
home usB.f 

1 O YES — CtHnptvtB ti^ 90ction 

2 O NO — Co to section 5 



miMXM 



2 . From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop harvested in 1 987. 
If more than one vegetable crop was harvested from the same acres, report acres fo. 
each crop. Report crops grown under protection it 



Acres harvested 



Wsra any STRAWBERRIES, CRANBERRIES, or OTHER BERRIES harvested 
FOR SALE from "THIS PLACE" in 1 9877 /Do nor /neftii/e (froM ffTOim /or 
homeuwe.) 

1 d] YES — Compter* cftis ••cfton 

zD NO - Go TO section 7 



Acres harvested 



Quantity harvested 



Crop n«m« Cod* Crap nam* 

Blackberries and dewberries (pounds) 509 I Raspberries (pounds) . 

Blueberries, tame (pounds) 512 , Otber berries (pourwJs) - 

Bluet>efrtes, wild (pounds) 515 ' Specify 

Cranberrfes (lOO-ib. ban^ls) 521 i 






no 



WM ii m 



Oop name Code 

Asparagus 379 ' 

Beans, snap (bush and pole) 3B 1 i 

Beets 383 ' 

Broccoli 385 i 

Brussels sprouts 387 

Cabbage, head 331 [ 

Cantaloups and 

muskmelons 396 I 

Carrots 397 

Cauliflower 398 ' 

Celery 401 . 

Chicory 403 



Eggplant 41 8 



Collsrds 



. 407 1 Peas. 



. 419 
425 
- 427 

Lima beans, green -. . . . 429 

Mustard greens 431 

Onions, dry 433 

Onions, green 43S 

Okra 437 

Persley 433 



Crop nam* Code 

Peppers, sweet 443 

Peppers, hot 445 

Pumpkins 449 

Radishes 451 

Spinach 457 

Squash 459 

Tomatoes 463 

Turnips _ . 466 

Turnip greens 467 

Watermelons 473 



Wer« any OTHER CROPS harvested from "THIS PLACE" In 1 987 - 
grains, field seeds, or other crops not prevloushr reported? 
(Beport hvit in section 8.) 

1 n YES - 

2n NO - 



441 



^-iaAJMUk-gt lM^wi«r,wluiipggpv>»>4fiPCCMijmiccrpnp.e MJignpr^nMC ^a 

bulbs, flowers, flower seeds, vegetable seeds and plants, vegetables under 
glass or other protection, GROWN FOR SALE on 'THIS PLACE" in 1 9877 

^^ 1 D YES — Comp/afaCAte 
2 □ NO - Gorosectoofi 



Sweetpotatoes and yams 



Red clover seed 



1. Nursery arKi greenhouse crops Irrigated in 1987 . .Q 

2 . From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. 



Acres 1 Temhs 



Square feet 

under glass o 

other protection 

in 1987 



Acres harvested 



Quantity harvested 



00 



Nursery crops - 



Coda 
. 710 

494 
. 497 
. 500 
. 503 
. 606 



Crop nam* Code 

Alfalfa seed (pounds) 542 

airdsfoot trefoil seed (pounds) 560 

Com cut Jof dry fodder, hogged 



696 
696 



SjlVUMiri-H WasthereacoraMned total of 20 or more FRUIT TREES, including GRAPEVINES and NUT TREES, on "THIS PLACE" in 1 9877 

1 LJ YES — CompfoM iftfs vecflon 

2n NO - Go to section 9 

1 • TOTAL ACRES in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, vineyards, 
and nut trees on this place. (Do not include abandoned acres.} 



Salt hay 

Sorghum cut for dry forage 

or hay (tons, dry weight) . 
Sorghum hogged or grazed 

(reporj acre» only) 701 

Sunflower seed (pounds) 734 

Vetch seed (pounds) 766 

Other crop;; (pounds) - Specify 752 



Whole acres ' Tenths 



Acres irrigated 



2. For those crops not listed below, enter the name and code from the list at the right for other fruit and nut trees on this place in 1 987. 
Report the requested information for each crop even if not harvested because of low prices, damage from hail, frost, etc. 



Crop name 


Code 


NUMBER OF 
TREES OR VINES OF - 


Acres in trees 

and vines of 

all ages 


Quanity 
harvested 


Unit of measure 
Mark one 




Nonbearing 
age 


Bearing 
age 


LH. 


Tons 


Boxes 


Lbs. 


Whole acres iTenths 


Apples 


123 




124 


1 no 


'" 


In 


2n 


3D 


"° 


Grapes 


177 






1 /10 


leo 


181 

1 n 


,n 


3D 


Sweet cherries 


34S 






1 /10 


S4B 


1 n 


zD 


3bO 
3D| 


Tart cherries 


587 




S8S 


! no 


590 


1 n 


jR 


IbS2 
3D1 










1 /10 




1 n 


jH 


rr- 

3D 1 








' 


1 /10 


' 


tn 


2D 


»°r 



Nectarines 

Peaches 

Pears 

Plums and prunes 
Other fruit and nuts 



129 
201 



» teparatv sheet af paper. 



D-2 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



r]Ma**ilw:IJ cpngfi wTi up of CROPS SOLD from "THIS PLACE" in 1087, BEFORE 
sT «<«•• ■«! "KpensM (Refer to the INFORMA T10N SHEBT, section 9. } 



r^iatitUK'aiCEl wmm ^ , 1— i p />*tti c — r*».i uce « #fci, ^ :, ^att^T^ 



^•ia»k'liiy?yK1 How wef the ACRES In thto olaca USED In 19877 



Report your best estimate of the value for each of the following groups of crops sotd 
from this place in 1987. Irtclude the value of The landlord's and/or contractor's share, 
estimating if necessary. Include value of Government CCC loans, 



1 . Grains, soybeans and other baans sold in 1987 None 

■ . Com for grain LJ 

b. Wheat □ 

c . Soybeans LJ 

d. Sorghum for grain CH 

•. Barley Q 

f . Oats □ 

rye, dry beans, dry peas, popcorn. 



2. Tobacco D 

3. Hay, silage, field seeds, and grass seeds LZI 

4. Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons— iDo not include . — . 

Ih9h potatoes ard swoatpotatoes. report th«tn In item 6 below, t I I 

5. Fruits, nuts, and berries — apples, peaches, grapes, 
cherries, cranberries, strawberries, blueberries, etc. . . . HU 

6. Other crops — Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, etc. 

(Do rtot Include nursery and greenhouse crops.} — 



Specify 



□ 



. Copy acres in "THIS PLACE" from section 1 , item 4, page 1 . 

MOrf : For ttems 2 to 5 below, if lend was used tor more than one purpose In 1 9B7 
report it In the FIRST lend use listed bdow that applies. For example, report croplend 
harvested er^i also pastured, only as ' 'Croplartd harvested. ' ' 

. CROPLAND 

a. Cropland harvested — irjdude all land frc 



a harvested or hey was cut, end »W land It 
groves, vineyards, an^S nursery and greerrhousa crops. 

b. Cropland used only for pasture or grazing — Inch* 

pasture otkI grazing lend that could have been used for cro\ 
additional tmprovemems 



c. Cropland used for cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, but NOT harvested and NOT 
pastured Q 

d. Cropland on which all crops failed — (Exception: Do ryot 
report here land In orchards and vineyerds on }which the crop 
failed. Such acreage Is to tye reported in Hem 2a. I 



n 

• . Cropland in cultivated summer fallow IHI 

f. Cropland idle □ 

■ . Woodland pastured □ 






{:: 



3. Woodland - indude i 

woodlots and timber Irsc 

cutover and deforested lend \ . ... ., j _ _^ j I — 1 

with young timber growth [ **' Woodland not pastured LJ 

4. Other pssturoland and rangelarHl — include any pamturetand . . 

other than cropland end woodland pasture I ) 

5. All other laiKl — Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, 

etc. — Include any land rxrt" reported In items 2 through 4 atfove. . . . \ I 

6. TOTAL ACRES — Add tf»* mcrme reoottm i ir% Hmma 2 tfwtxfvh ff 



Number of acres 



39BHBBkglW W««««i.LAMDinfM*nl»^IRRinATFD««-«ri»wh»19g7? 



1 n YES 

2 □ NO 



Go to secvon 12 



1 ■ How many acres of harvested land were irrigated? 

Include land from which hey wva cut and land in bearing and 
rTonttearing fruit and nut crops reported in section 10, Item 2a. 



. D 

2. How many acres of pastureland, rangeland. and any other 

lartds not included in rtem 1 above were irrigated? I 1 



^RHSBKlBil wawi jmv ACRFS in thi« bLjc^ SgT ASIPg. DIVFRTED. OR IDLED 
under FEDERAL acr e a ge rechictfon proyenu In 1 9877 

1 O YES — Corr^letm this ametlon 

2 O NO — Go to section T J 



None Number of acrea 



1 . How many acres were set aside (or diverted) under ANNUAL 

commodity acreage adjustment programs? LJ 

2 . How many acres were under the CONSERVATION RESERVE ,_, 
PROGRAM 110 year, CRP)? □ 



1 D YES - 

2 □ NO — Go to sec 

• DECEMBER 31. 1987 INVENTORY 



- Include beet heifers that 



b. MILK COWS kept for production of milk or 
cream for sale or horT>e use — include dry 
miUc cows and milk heifers that had calved 



□ 

□ 



c . HEIFERS AND HEIFER CALVES — rDo nor induM _. 
heifers that hod calved.} I 1 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31.1 987 



• CATTLE AND CALVES SOLD 
FROM THIS PLACE IN 1987 

Include tftoaa tad an this place o 



1 basis. Also report 
as aold cattle moved from this place None 

to a fmadlot for further feeding. 

2. Calves weighing less than 500 pounds CD 
□ 



a . Of the total cattle sold, how many were 
FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or 
CONCENTRATES for 30 days or more 
and SOLD for SLAUGHTER? □ 



4. Gross value of sales of DAIRY PRODUCTS 

from this place in 1 987 — include milk, cream 



Gross value of sales 



butter, etc. 



D 



aA'aaiTtVJftgfei nirf «»■ n, ».wn~ .lam Km. »« HOfifi «. PICS iMitM. ■.!««« In 1 3H77 



1 n YES - 

zD NO — Go to taction 1 5 

• DECEMBER 31 , 1 987 INVENTORY ^°"'' 

1 . HOGS and PIGS of all ages (Total of a and ii beiom . . . EH 
■ . HOGS and PIGS used or to be used for BREEDING CI 
b. OTHER HOGS and PIGS D 

• LITTERS FARROWED 

2. UTTERS FARROWED on this place between - "^o"' 

• .December 1. 1986 and May 31. 1987 □ 

b.June 1. 1987 and November 30, 1987 .... □ 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31. 1987 



Number of litters 



• HOGS AND PIGS SOLD 



Number 

sold 
in 1987 



Gross value of sales 



aaagflllil|tligl nMw«.n.«r.nf«.rf»hi.«im.SHFFP«. IAMBS on thhnUiMi In 1987? 



2 [m NO — GolosacBonie 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31, 1987 



1 . SHEEP and LAMBS of all ages D 

a. EWES 1 year old or older □ 



2. SHEEP and LAMBS SHORN D 



3. What was the gross value of sales of SHEEP. 

LAMBS, and WOOL from this place in 1 987? . . . □ 



Number shorn 
■n 1987 


Pounds of wool 
shorn in 1987 


• 27 


828 



Gross value of sales 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-3 



^i.^ J«t JMi^aCM DM »nii or ■mrntwi mtmm hiwm «w HOHSFS, BggS. nSH. COATS. 
' OTHER LIVESTOCK, or ANIMAL SPECIALTIES on ttih place in 1 987? 



UJAJUUtRH COVgBHMgWT CCC lOAMS 



1 n YES — ComplmtB thtm moctton 



: □ NO -Got 



1 . Horses and ponies 

of all ages LJ 



2. Colonies of bees. . . EH 



3. Milk goats □ 



4. Angora goats CD 

B. Other goats CJ 

6. Mules, burros, and 

donkeys O 



7. Mink and tfieir 
pelts 



8 . Rabbits and their 
pelts I 

9. All other livestock and 
livestock products 



Specify . 



INVENTORY 

Number on 

this place 

Dec. 31, 1987 



Gross value of sales 



a.iaHll*h'MI:Mi Pavmenta WMiahred for mwttelBJrtfcm In FFDERAL FARM PRQCRAMS 



IIMJ»hJMJgg!ii!!l TYPEOFOHGAMIZATIOM 



1 0. Fish and other aquaculture 

products (Enter nama and 
code from list below.) 
Name Code 



imbar J 



PcundB 

NumtMi 



Gross value of sales 



EggaiMflaEI CORPORATE STRUCTURE (for Jncofporated opertioM onM" 

' Refer to The INFORMATION SHEET, sectfon 21. 



Nam* Code 

Catfish 860 

Trout 863 



Other fish - Specffy. 
Other aquacutture 
products — Spec/fy. 



. 866 
.869 



§M<HiUlt'iiKa Did vou or amfone et«fl hmn* imn POULTRY. «ueh — CHICKgWS. 



fficlifde pouftrr sroMm 



1 IZ) YES ~ Compimtm ItOg section 

2 □ NO - Gotosectionia None 

1 . HENS and PULLETS of laying age D 

2. PULLETS for laying flock replacement 

a .PULLETS 3 months old or older not yet of laying age IHI 
b.PULLET CHICKS and PULLETS under 3 months old p-, 

{Do nor Include commercial broilers.) I I 

3. BROILERS, fryers, and other meat-type chickens 
including capons and roasters CU 

4. TURKEYS 

a. Turkeys for slaughter (Do not include breeders.) . . . n 
b. Turkey HENS kept for breeding □ 

5. OTHER POULTRY raised in captivity ~ ducks, 
geese, pigeons or squab, pheasants, quail, etc. 

(Enter poultry name and code from the list below. ) 



Pouttry f 

Poultry r 

Name Code ■ 

Ducks 904 

Geese 906 | 



Code . 

Code . 

Name Code 

Ptgeora Of squab .... 008 
PTieasants . 910 



INVENTORY 

Number on 

this place 

Dec. 31, 1987 



.912 
. 914 



e. POULTRY HATCHED on this place in 1987 and 
placed or sold — chickens, turkeys, ducks, etc. — 

specify kind of poultry 

7. Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1987. 



8. What was the gross value of sales of 
poultry and poultry products (eggs, 
etc.) from this place in 1987? 



None 

. n 



Gross value of sales 



1 . Amount received in 1 987 from Govemmem CCC loans for — None 
Include regular and reserve loans, even ft redaemad or forfatrad. 

a.Coni □ 

b. Wheat D 

c.Soybeans □ 

d. Sorghum, barley, and oats CJ 

e. Tobacco, rye, and honey C"! 



In 1987 ff>0 MOT INCLUDE CCC loam.) Refer to INFORMA TION 
SHEET, section 19. 



1 . Amount received in cash 



n 

2. Value of certificaios received — payment-irvkind (PIK) 

commodrtv certificates LJ 



Mark (X) the one item which best describes the type of organization for 

this place in 1 987. Refer to the INFORfiAATION SHEET, eeetion 20, 



• INCORPORATED UNDER STATE LAW 






Go to sacVon 22 



Go to section 21 



Specify below then 



1. Is this a family-held corporation? i lH Yes 2 Li No 

2. Are there more than 10 stockholders? 3 CD Yes 4 □ No 



B^CTifyRFia CHARACTEBISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF OPERATOR ISentor Mrtnf 
or person In charge) Refer to rfw informa tion sheet, section 22. 



. RESIDENCE — Does the operator (senior partner or 
person in charge) I'n/e on this place? 



1 n Yes 



! n No 



2. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which occupation 
did the operator spend the majority (50 percent or 
more) of his/her worktime in 1987? For partnerships 
consider all members of the oartrwrship together 



. OFF- FARM WORK - How many days did the operator 
(senior partner or person in charge) work at least 
4 hours per day off this place in 1 987? — include work 

at a non farm fob, business, ot on someone else's farm for 
pay. (Do not include exchange farmwork.) 



I d Farming 2 D Other 
or ranching 

I □ None 
t D 1 -49 days 
I □ 50-99 days 
I n 100- 149 days 
; D 150-199 days 
> CD 200 days or more 



4. In what YEAR did ttie operator (or senior partner) begir 
to operate any part of this place? 



6. AGE of operator (s 



r partner or person in charge) . 



6. RACE of operator (senior partner or person in charge) 



. Years old 

I n White 
! D Negro or Black 
I LH American Indian 
I CH Asian or Pacific 

Islander 
» CD Other — specify. 



7. SEX of operator (s 



r partner or person in charge) 



8. SPANISH ORIGIN - Is the operator (senior partner 
or person in charge) of Spanish origin or descent 
(Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish)? . 



n Male a D Female 
n Yes an No 



D-4 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



rJMaHIIHi'yJcll PHODUCTIOW FypgMSgSni>Mtw>nii«ndothi>«forthi« 

5J3^ plac«in1987 

Include your best estimates of expenses paid by you, your landlord, contractors, 
buyers, and others lor production of crops, livestock, and other agricultural products 
in 1 987. {DO NOT INCLUDE expenses connected wrth performing customwork for 



a.iaHiiw4.-Ww— -^yiwccrTirincQ ucppirincc ciiwfiirincg MCMATirmpg 
OTHER PESTICIDES, or OTHER CHEMICALS mad on chit placo in 1 9877 



1 . Uvestock and poultry purchased — cattle, calves, 

hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, goats, horses, chicks, poults, | . 

started pullets, etc I — I 

2 . Feed purchased for Ihrestock and pouttry — 9rain, 

hay, silage, mixed feeds, concentrates, etc LJ 

a. Commercially mixed formula feeds purchased — 

complete, supplement, concentrates, premixes. 

iOo not include ingredients 

purcfwsed s«parirttf*y, such . 

soybean n- 



n 



4 . Comnierclat MiHlfacef purchased — ail 

forms, including rock phosphate arxJ yypsum. 
Include co: 



□ 

... □ 

5. AgrfculSural chemicals purchased — Insecticides, 
herbicides, furtgickJes, other pesticides, etc. — inchido . — . 

cost of cusrom applications. fOo not include lin\e.i I I 

6 . GasoHne and ottiiar petroleum fuel and oil 
purchased for the farm business — 

a. Gasoline and gasohol LH 

b. Diesel fuel CH 

e. Natural gas L- 1 

d. LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc. ... Lj 

7 . Elecrtrfcftv for the farm business - iOo not 

include household e-tpensea.} (^ 

8 . Hired farm and ranch labor — also include emploYer's cost 

for social security, workman's compensation, insurance 

premiums, pension plans, etc. isee information sneer) 



9 . Contract labor — include expenditures for I. 

aa harvesting of fruit, vegetables, berries, etc.. 
performed on a contract basis by a contractor. 
leader, a cooperative, etc 



1 0. Repair and maintenance expenses for the 

upkeep of buildings, motor vehicles, and farm 
equlpmant 



n 

... n 

... n 

.. n 

1 2. In te r est paid on debts — (See information SHEET) 

a . Secured by real estate LD 

b.Not secured by real estate CH 

1 3. Cash rerrt paid for land and buildings in 1987 — . . 

(Do not Include grazing fees.) I I 

1 4. Property taxes paid ~ include farm real estate, 

machinery, livestock, etc. for ttte farm business. (Do not Include , — . 

taxes paid by landlords.} I I 



11. Customwrork, machine hire and rental of 

machlnerY and equipment — include expenditures < 

use of equipment end for customwork such as grindir*g 
and mixing feed, plowing, combining, com picking. 
drying, sHo filling, spraying, dusting. fertiHziryg, etc. (Do 
ginning and appJIcation of 



lertiliior and chamic 



1 6. All other production expenses — (nc/txfe ii 

%vaTer, animal health courts, grazing fees, marketing charges. 
famt supplies, etc. (Do not include depreciaxior 



D 



4.->i««<l»ti'lHIAal MarUIMCHY AWn CnillPMCMT nn thi. nl.,.. nn n«,^»r^h«r .71 18117 - 

^2G IrdtMdmontrequipmvntuted lor »giictiltuT9l operations tp 1936or1987. 



ISSSIBHi'tVa W...r,.rnMMPBriAl tCBTIIITEH mrb.Hi.wi PftrK PHinSPH»Tf 



UME utad on this piacs during 1987? 

1 CZ) YES — Comptan fM> —ctlon 2 □ NO 



Go to secljon 25 



' include cropland 



□ 
2. Acres of pastureland and rangeland fertilized in 1987 

reported in section 10, items 2b and 4 LJ 



3. LIME — tons of lime used and acres on 

which applied — IDo rwt include land plaster c 
gypsum or lime for senitetion.) 



Tons of llnr>e 



Acres (imed 



I I YES — Compieta tMm miction 



□ NO- Got 



Include any materials provided by you, your landlords, or contractors. For each item 
listed, report acres only once. If multipurpose chemicals were used, report acreage 
treated for each purpose. 

1. Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc.. (fungicide. None 
herbicide, insecticide, nematicide) to control — 

a. insects on crops, including hay LJ 

b . Nematodes in crops LJ 



: n 

2. Chemicals for defoliation or for grow rt h control 

of crops or thinning of fruit LJ 



Vatua of ALL machlnenr and etfulpment on this place, December 31 , 1 987 



, What is the estimated marltet value of ALL machinery, 
equipment, and implements usually kept on this place 
and used for the farm or ranch business? — include cars. 
trucks, tractors, combines, plows, disks, harrows, dryers, 
pumps, motors, irrigation eguipment, dairy equipment including 
milkers and bulk tanks, Irvostock feeders, grinding and mixing 
equipment, etc. . . . . _ 



Estimated market value 



• SELECTED machinery and equipment on 
this place, December 31, 1987. (Report 
onlyHusmtin 1986or 1987.) ^^^^ 

2. Motortrucks ~ liKtude pickups LJ 

3. Wheel tractors other than garden tractors 
and motor tillers — 

a. Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) CJ 

b. 40 horsepower (PTO) or more [3 

4. Grain and bean combines, all types LJ 

5. Cotton pickers and strippers LJ 

G. Mower conditioners LJ 

.. D 



Total number 

on this place on 

December 31, 1987 



-T^43f*^iWi^^Jaai:gTiMATi:nriinagMTMapifFT VALUE OF LAND and 
s:;7 BUILDINGS 

Please give your best ESTIMATE of the CURRENT MARKET 

VALUE of land and buildings for ell acres reported in 

section 1 , hems 1 , 2, and 3, page 1 . uom 

1 . All land owned LD 

2. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS CJ 

3. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS LJ 



0( the total, HOW 

MANY were manufac 

tured in the last 5 years 

(1983- 19B7)? 



g,. n«porl afrMNint r»cafv«d before tnx** and espense 



1 . Customwork and other agricultural services provided for None 
farmers and others — plowing, planting, spraying, 
harvesting, preparation of products for market, etc. 

(If customwork is a separate business, refer ro INFORMATION 



2. Gross cash rent or share payments received from rent)r>g 
out farmland or payments received from lease or sale of 

allotments — include peym^nts for livestock pastured on 

3 per -head basis, per-month basis, per-pound basis, etc 



4. Recreational services, patronage dividends of cooperatives, 
and other income which Is CLOSELY RELATED to the 
agricultural operatk>n on this place - 



D 



□ 



Farm-related income 



3di«hiIilt'lBQa PERSON COIVIPLETING THIS REPORT —Please print 

Name (9B9 Date 



Telephone number 



Area Code Number 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-5 



INFORMATION SHEET 

1 987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



Special Reporting Instructions 

1 . Who Should Report 

WE NEED A REPLY FROM EVERYONE RECEIVING A REPORT FORM, 
INCLUDING individuals, landlords, tenants, partnerships, 
corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING 
AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each case included in the census has 
a unique Census File Number (CFN). In order to make the census 
results as complete and accurate as possible, w/e need to obtain 
information about every CFN. 

2. If You Received More Than One Report Form for an Operation 

Complete only ONE report form for an operation. Writ© "Duplicate" 
near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the 
1 1 -digit census file numberls) of the DUPLICATE report(s) ON THE 
COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided to the left of the address 
label. Raturn the extra report(s) in the same envelope with your 
completed report form so that we can correct our records. 

3. If You No Longer Farm 

if you had agricultural operations at any time during 1 987, please 
report all agricultural activity during the year. Report all land on your 
census form that you owned or rented. Also, report your 1 987 crop 
and livestock production and 1987 sales. 

Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate sheet of 
paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 
date and the name and address of the present operator, if known. 

4. If You Never Farmed or Have No Association With Agriculture 

Please write a note on the report form near the address label explaining 
this and return the form so that we can correct our records. In our 
efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists 
from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm 
addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. 

5. If You Have IVIore Than One Agricultural Operation 

Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISTINCT 
production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedlot, greenhouse, 
etc., or combination of farms, etc., for which you maintain SEPARATE 
records of operating expenses and sales, livestock and other 
inventories, crop acreages, and production. 

6. If You Have a Partnership Operation 

Complete only ONE report for the entire partnership's agricultural 
operation and include all partners' shares on the one report. If 
members of the partnership also operate separate farms or ranches in 
addition to the partnership farming operation, separate report forms 
should be completed for each individual operation. 

If two or more report forms were received for the same operation, mark 
each additional form as a "Duplicate." Return the duplicate report(s) in 
the same envelope with the completed partnership report, where 
possible, or write a note on the duplicate report, such as. " {Name of 
partner) has completed a report for the partnership (provide name and 
CFN of partnership.)" 

7. Landlord's or Contractor's Share 

If you rented or leased land from others or had a contract for the 
production of agricultural products, include both your share and the 
landlord's or contractor's share of the production, sales, and expenses 
so your census report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." 

If you do not know the landlord's or contractor's share, include your 
BEST ESTIMATE. If you do not have records available for all data items, 
use your best estimate. 

How to Enter Your Response 

Enter your replies in the proper spaces, on the correct lines, and in the 
units requested, i.e., dollars, bushels, tons, etc. Write any explanation 
outside the answer spaces or on a separate sheet of paper. 



Enter whole numbers except where tenths are requested, such as acres 
of potatoes harvested. If you have 1 /2, 1 /3, or 1 /4 of an acre, convert 
to tenths. For example, convert 1/2 to 5/10, 1/3 to 3/10, 1/4 to 2/1 0. 

The census report form will contain sections and questions which do 
not apply to you. When this occurs, mark the "None" or "No" box 
and go on to the next item or section. 



Instructions For Specified Sections 

► Section 1 — ACREAGE IN 1987 

Your answers to this section will determine the land (Acres In 
"THIS PLACE") referred to in the rest of the report form. 

When answering the acreage questions, include the land 
associated with your agricultural operations in 1 987 whether in 
production or not. Include all land that you owned or rented 
during 1 987 even if only for part of the year. Do not include any 
unrelated residential or commercial land. 



IF YOU QUIT FARMING DURING 1987 — Complete the 
report form for the portion of the year that you did farm. Explain 
on the report form in the space to the left of the address label (or 
on another sheet of paper) when you stopped farming and 
include the name and address of the person now using the land. 

Report all land in suction 1 in whole acres. 

Item 1 — Ail Land Owned — Report all land owned in 1 987 whether 
held under title, purchase contract or mortgage, homestead law, or as 
heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include all land owned by you 
and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization 
for which you are reporting. 

Item 2 — All Land Rented or Leased FROM OTHERS — 

Report all land rented by you or your operation even though the 
landlord may have supplied materials or supervision. 
INCLUDE in item 2: 

a. Land for agricufturai use that you rented from others for cash 
b.Land you worked on a share basis (crop or livestock) 
c- Land owned by someone else that you used rent-free 
d. Federal, State, Indian reservation, or railroad land rented or 
leased by the acre 

DO NOT INCLUDE in item 2: 

Land used on a per-head or animal unit license or permit basis, 
such as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act, National Forest, 
or Indian reservation permit land. If you had any of these 
permits, mark "yes" to item 7. 

Item 3 — All Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS — Include 
all land rented out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage 
reported in items 1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from 
each of your tenants to cover the operations on that land. 
INCLUDE in item 3: 

share of crops or 

and then subleased to 



d. Land which you a^o^A/ed others to use rent-free 

Item 4 — Acres In "THIS PLACE" — This figure will show 
the total of all land you operated at any time in 1 987. 

if Hem 4, Acres in "THIS PLACE " is "O" and: 

a. You raised any crops or had any livestock or poultry on 
"THIS PLACE" in 1987, complete the report. 

b. All youb- land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, 
complete itetTi 6 (name and address of renters), skip to and 
complete section 29, and explain briefly, "all land rented 
out," etc. Mail form in return envelope. 

c. You did net heve any agricultural activity on owned or rented 
land in 1 987, complete section 29 and explain briefly, such 
as "retired," "sold farm," and date. Give name and address 
of current operator if know/n and return form. 

> Sections 2 through 8 — CROPS 

Sections 2 through 8 provide space for reporting crops harvested 
during the 1 987 crop year from the land shown in section 1 , item 4 
(Acres In "THIS PLACE") of your report. Please report your crops 
in the appropriate sections. Do NOT include any crops grown on 
land rented or leased TO OTHERS, or worked by others on shares 
during 1987. 

Acres harvested — Enter the acres harvested in 1 987. Round 
fractions to whole acres except where tenths are requested by 
"/lO" In the reporting box, such as for potatoes. 



D-6 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Quantity harvested ~ If your unit of measure is different than the 
unit on the report form, please convert your figure for the quantity 
harvested to the unit requested. If the harvest was incomplete by 
December 31,1 987, please report the quantity harvested and 
estimated quantity to be harvested. 

Acres irrigated — For each crop irrigated, report number of acres 
irrigated. Irrigation is defined as land watered by artificial or controlled 
means — sprinklers, furrows or ditches, spreader dikes, purposeful 
flooding, etc. Include acres that received supplemental, partial, 
and/or preplant irrigation. Do not report water applied in transplanting 
tobacco plants, trees, or vegetables as irrigation. Leave "Acres 
irrigated" blank for crops that are not irrigated. 

Howr to Report Crops Harvested 

P- Sections 2 and 3 — Report only for the listed crops. 

^ Sections 4 through S — To report: ( 1 ) find the crop name and the 
code number from the list in the section; {2) enter crop name and code 
in the first t^o columns of the first available answer line in the section; 
(3) enter the information that is requested in the remaining columns. If 
you harvested a crop not listed in sections 4 through 8, use the "Other" 
code in the appropriate section and specify the crop name. 

Double Cropping — If two or more crops vi/era harvested from the 
same land (double cropping) report the total acres and production of 
each harvested crop in the appropriate section(s) of the report form. 

Exampte: In 1 987 you harvested 1 .230 bushels of wheat from 40 
acres, then on the same 40 acres planted soybeans, from vwhich you 
harvested 1 ,550 bushels. You irrigated the soybeans but not the wheat. 



1 . Cotton LH 

2 . Soybeans for beans LJ 

3. Wheat for grain LJ 

4. Oats for grain D 



harvested 



OS SO Bu. 



AS^O Bu 



y-o 



Interpiantad Crops — If two crops were grown at the same time in 
alternating strips in the same field, report the portion of the field used 
for each crop. 

Example: A 60 acre field was planted in cotton and soybeans, with 
two rows of cotton follovt/ed by an area of the same width planted in 
soybeans. No irrigation was used. Thirty acres of soybeans and 30 
acres of cotton would be reported in the appropriate section{s). 

Skip Row Planting — If a crop is planted in an alternating pattern of 
planted and non planted rows, such as two rows planted and two 
rows skipped (2 X 21, report the portion of the field occupied by the 
crop in the appropriate section for that crop, and report the skipped 
portion as "Cropland idle" in section 10, item 2f. 

^ Section 4 — VEGETABLES — Report acres of vegetables harvested 
FOR SALE or commercial processing. Do not include vegetables grown 
for home use. Report the total acreage of each vegetable crop harvested. 

Example: In 1 987 you harvested 1 acres of lettuce from a field, then 
replanted the field in lettuce and harvested the 10 acres again. Both 
crops of lettuce were irrigated. Enter only 1 O acres of land from which 
vegetables %vere harvested and 1 O acres irrigated in item 1 of section 4. 
but w^rite in 20 acres of lettuce harvested and 20 acres of lettuce 
irrigated in item 2 of section 4. 

> Section 8 — FRUITS and NUTS — In counting the combined total 
of 20 or more trees and vines, include those for home use as \A'ell as 
those maintained for sale of the production. Acres in trees or vines 
that have been abandoned should not be included; these acres should 
be included in section 10, item 2f "Cropland idle." 

If crops other than fruit and nut trees and vines were interplanted with 
trees or vines, report the total acres for the orchard crop in section 8 
and the total acres of the interplanted crop in the appropriate section. 

► Section 9 — GROSS VALUE OF CROPS SOLD 

Report the value of all crops sold from "THIS PLACE" in 1987, 
regardless of the year they were harvested or who owned the land. Be 
sure to report gross values before deducting expenses and taxes. 
Include Government CCC loans received for "THIS PLACE" rn 1987. 
Include payments received in 1987 from cooperatives or marketing 
organizations for crops produced on "THIS PLACE" regardless of the 
year in which the crops were harvested. 

Also include as sales, your estimate of the value of any crop removed 
from "THIS PLACE" in trade for services, such as hay cut in exchange 
for fence repair, clearing, or other services. If the sale price or rrtarket 
value is not known, give your best estimate of the crop's market value 
ad from "THIS PLACE." 



► Section 10 — USE OF ACRES IN "THIS PLACE" 

This section is used to classify the acres in "THIS PLACE" 
reported in section 1 , item 4. (Do not include any acres you 
rented to others reported in section 1 . item 3). The sum of the 
acres entered in various categories should equal total acres in 
"THIS PLACE." 

Land Used for Mora Than One Purpose — Do not report the 
same acreage for more than one of the listed purposes. If part 
or all of your land was used for more than one listed purpose in 
1 987. report that land only in the first category listed. For 
example, if you plowed under a cover crop, and planted and 
harvested a grain crop, report the land in item 2a, "Cropland 
harvested." but do NOT report as "Cropland used for cover 
crops, legumes, etc." (item 2c). 

Double Cropping — When more than one crop was harvested 

from The same land in 1 987. report that land only ONCE as 
"Cropland harvested," in iten"» 2a. 

Interplanted Crops — If you interplanted crops, such as cotton 
in an orchard, report the total land used for both crops only 
ONCE, as "CroDlarid harvested," in itFjm 2b. 

Skip Row PlantetJ Crops — Report the acres that represent the 
total nonplanted or skipped rows as "Cropland idle," item 2f. The 
acres that represent the planted rows should be reported as 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 



^ Section 1 2 



ACRES SET ASIDE, DIVERTED, OR IDLED 
UNDER FEDERAL ACREAGE REDUCTION 
PROGRAMS IN 1987 



Include in item 2 alt acres in "THIS PLACE ' retired from production 
and placed, by long-term contract, into the Conservation Reserve 
Program. Acres placed into the program during and prior to 1987 
should be included. 

► Sections 13through 17 —LIVESTOCK, POULTRY, OTHER 
LIVESTOCK, OR ANIMAL 
SPECIALTIES 

Animals and Poultry to Include in the Report ~ Report all 
animals, poultry, and animal specialties on "this place" ^section 
1, item 4) on December 31, 1987. Include all owned by you and 
any kept by you for others. Include animals on unfenced lands. 
National Forest land, district land, cooperative grazing association 
land, or rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land 
Management on a per-head or lease basis. Animals in transit on 
December 31.1 987, or animals on a short-term pasture (such as 
wheat pasture or crop residue) on a per-head or lease basis should 
be reported by the person who had control of the animals. 

Animals and Pouftry to Exclude from the Report — Do not 

report animals or poultry kept on land rented to others or kept 
under a share arrangement on land rented to others. Do not include 
animals quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "this place." 
Animals kept on a place not operated by you are to he included on 
the report for that place. 

Animals Bought and Sold — DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD WITHIN 30 DAYS. Such purchases 
and sales are considered "dealer" transactions, and ar& not 
included in this census. 

Number Sold — Report all animals and poultry sold or removed 
from "this place" in 1 987, without regard to ownership or who 
shared in the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord or given 
to a landlord or others in trade or in payment for goods or services. 
Do NOT report number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on 
another place. 

Dairy Termination Program or "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out 
Program" — The amount received in 1987 from the 
Government under tne dairy termination program should be 
included »n section 1 9, item 1 . Dairy animals and products sold 
in 1987 should be reported in section 1 3. 

Animals IVIoved to Another Place — For animals moved from 
"this place" to another place, such as for further feeding, report 
animals as "sold" and give you'- best estimate of their market 
value when they left "this place." 

Fat Cattle Sold — Cattle fattened on grain or concentrates for 
30 days or more and sold for slaughter are reported \n section 1 3, 
item 3a. 

DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 

a. Cattle and calves sold for further teeding 

b.Veal ca'ves, or any calves v</eighing less than 50O pounds 

c. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sold 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-7 



Vahio of Salaa — Report the total gross value of animals and pouttry 
sold or removed from "this place" in 1 987 without deducting 
production or marketing expenses (cost of feed, cost of livestock 
purchased, cost of hauling and selling, etc.). If the sale price or 
market value is not known, give your bast estimate of their market 
value when they left "this place." Do NOT report the value of sales 
of any livestock and poultry owned by you but kept and sold from a 
place you did not operate. 

Contract and Custom Feeding Operations — Livestock or poultry 
kept by you on "this place" on a contract or custom basis should be 
included on this report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP. Report as 
"INVENTORY" numbers of animals or poultry on the place on 
December 31 , 1 987. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept on a 
contract or custom basis and removed or sold from the place in 1 987. 
If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate 
of the market value of the animais or poultry when they left the place. 



Item 2 — If you owned BEES — Report all colonies or hives of bees and 
honey operations conducted by you, regardless of where the hives were 
kept most of the year. Report hives or colonies, pounds of honey sold, 
and value of ;=:alof:. 

itents 7 ATud ii — Mink pelts and rabbU oelis should be included in 
number sold and value of sales, but not in inventory. 

Item d — Other livestock and Livestock Products — Include in all 
other livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and any 
other animal products sold from ' 'this place" in 1 987 . Please indicate 
units used in reporting. 

Item 10 — Fish and Other Aquaculture Products -• Report number 
of pounds sold and gross value of sales for each. Enter name and code 
from list. 

► Section 17 - POULTRY 

The person w/ho furnished the housing and labor should report the 
poultry operation on his/her report form regardless of who owns the 
birds. Report as sold poultry that were taken or moved from the place 
in 1987. 

► Section 1 £ 

Item 1 — Report the amount received under the regc^lar or reserve 
program for commodities placed under CCC loan during 1 987. Include 
amount received even if commodity was redeemed or forfeited prior to 
Decembers!, 1987. 

Do not include CCC loans received to build crop storage facilities or 
anr>ount received for storage payments in the reserve program. 

► Section 19 — FEDERAL PAYMENTS RECEIVED 

Report all payments received from Federal Farm Programs in 1 987 
regardless of whether payment was made in cash or commodity 
certiricates. Include cash payments in item 1 . In item 2, include the 
value of any certificates held or the value received from sale or 
redemption of any certificates in 1987. 

Federal payments include receipts from Federal programs such as 
deficiency payments, "Whole-herd dairy buy-out/' support price 
payments, indemnity programs, disaster payments, paid land 
diversion, inventory reduction payments, payments received for 
approved soil and water conservation projects, etc. 

► Section 20 — TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Use the following definitions to determine the type of organization for 
your operation: 

Family or Individual Operation — Defined as farm or business 
organization controlled and operated by an individual (sole proprietorK 
Include family operations that are not incorporated and not operated 
under a partnership agreement- 
Partnership Operation — Defined as two or morn persons who have 
agreed on the amount of their contribution {capital and effort) and the 
distribution of prorits. Co-ownership of land by husband and wife or 
joint filing of income tax forms by husbaiid and wife DOES NOT 
constitute a partnership, unless a specific agreement to share 
contributions, decisionmaking, profits, and liabilities exists. Production 
under contract or under a share rental agreement DOES NOT constitute 
a partnership. 

Incorporated Under State Law ~ A corporation is defined as a legcil 
entity or ai-tificial person created under the laws of a State to carry on a 
business. This definition does not include cooperatives. Information on 
type of corporation should be reported in section 21 . 

Other — Such as cooperatives 'defined as arr incorporated or 
unincorporated enterprrse or an association created and formed jointly 
by the menntbers), estate or trust ^defined as a fund of money or property 
administered for the benefit of another individual or organization), prison 
farm, grazing association, Indian reservation, institution run by a 
government or religious entity, etc. 



^ Section 21 — CORPORATE STRUCTURE 

This section is to be answered by corporations only. Answer both 
items. A family-held corporation has more than 50 percent of its 
stock ovt/ned by persons related by blood or marriage. 



► Section 22 — CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF 
OPERATOR 

This section collects information about the operator of "this 
place" deTined as the individual owner, the operator, the senior 
partner, or person in charge for the type of organization reported 
in section 20. 

For Family or Individual Operation — Complete this section for 
the operator. 

For Partnership Operations — Answer all items, except item 2, 
for the "Senior Partner." The "Senior Partner" is the individual 
who is mainly responsible for the agricultural operations on "this 
place," not necessarily the person senior in age. If each partner 
shares equally in the day-to-day management decisions, consider 
the oldest as the "Senior Partner." For item 2 (Principal 
Occupation) consider all members of the partnership together. 
Please include as "farming" worktime »\ all types of agticultural 
enterprises, including work at greenhouses, nurseries, mushroom 
production, ranching, feedlots, broiier feeding, etc. 

For Corporations and Other Operations (Cooperatives, 
Estates, etc.) — Complete section 22 for the person in charge, 
such as a hired manager, business manager, or other person 
primarily responsible for the on-site, day-to-day operation of the 
farm or ranch business. 

Item 4 — Year Began Operation — Repoit the first year the 
operator or senior partner began to operate any part of "this 
place" on a continuous basis. If the operator returned to a place 
previously operated, report the year operations Nvere resumed. 



► Secrtlon 23 — PRODUCTION EXPENSES paid by you and 
others for "this place" in 1987 

Include farm production expenses paid by you, your landlord, 
contractors, or anyone else for crops, livestock, or poultry produced 
on "this place." Include expenses incurred in 1 987 even if they 
were not paid for in 1 987. Please estimate if exact figures are not 
known. Refer to the individual expenditure items below for further 
explanations. 

Livestock and Poultry Purchased — Report the cost of cattle, 
calves, hogs, pigs, sheep, lambs, horses, goats, chicks, puttets, 
poults, etc., including breeding stock and dairy conws. Contract 
growers or custom feeders who did not own or purchase the 
livestock or poultry themselves should estimate the value of the 
cattle, calves, pigs, baby chicks, pullets, etc. at the time they 
came onto the place. 

Feed Purchased for Livestock and Poultry — Report the 
purchase cost of corn, sorghum, oats, barley, other grains, 
silage, hay, mixed feed, concentrates, etc., fed to livestock and 
poultry on "this place." Contract livestock and poultry gro\A/ers 
should estimate the value of feed provided by the contracting 
company. Custom feedyards should include feed costs for alt 
cattle fed even if the owners of the cattle were billed for the feed. 
Feed raised on "this place" should not be reported as purchased. 

Cost of Hired Farm and Ranch Labor — Include gross salaries 
and wages, commissions, dismissal pay, vacation pay, and paid 
bonuses paid to hired workers, family members, hired managers, 
administrative and clerical employses. and salaried corporate 
officers. Also, include supplemental cost for benefits such as 
employer's social security contributions, unemployment 
compensation, workmen's compensation insurance, life and 
medical insurance, pension plans, etc. 



Contract Labor — Includes the labor costs of workers furnished 
on a contract basis by a labor contractor, crevv leader, or 
coop-erative for fiarvesting vegetables or fruit, shearing sheep, or 
similiar farm activities. Do not Include costs for building or repair 
work done by a construction contractor. Include the cost of 
customwork or machine hire In item 1 1 . 

Repair and Maintenance Expenses for the Upkeep of 
Buildirtgs, Motor Vehicles, and Farm Equipment — Include the 
cost of repairs and upkeep of farm machinery, vehicles, buildings, 
fences, and other equipment used in the farm business. Do not 
include repairs to vehicles not used in the farm business or for 
equipment used only for performing customwork for others. Do 
not include expenditures for the construction of new buildings or 
the cost of additions to existing buildings. 



D-8 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Interost Exponso Paid on Dsbts — Report all interest expenses paid 
in 1 987 for the farm business. Include interest on loans secured by 
land and buildings (real estate) in item 1 2a. Include all loans not 
secured by real estate such as for fer-tilizer. feed, and seed tn item 1 2b. 
Include interest paid on CCC loans. Do not include interest associated 
^ith activities not related to production of crops or livestock on "this 
place" such as land or buildings rented to others, packing sheds, or 
JFeed mills that provide services to others. Do not include interest on 
owner/operator dwelling whera amount is separated from interest on 
other land and buildings on "this place." 

Cash Rent Paid for Land and Buildings In 1987 — Report rent paid 
in cash during 1987 for land and buildings in "this place." Do not 
include rent paid for operator dwelling or other nonfarm property. Do 
not include the value of shares of crops or livestock paid to landlords. 

Property Taxes Paid — Include real estate property taxes you 
paid on the acres and buildings you operated and used in the farm 

business. 



Do not include: 

a. Property taxes on land or buildings rented to 

b. Taxes paid by landlords 
I other property not 

d- Income and excise taxes 



ated with the 



All Other Production Expenses — Farm production costs not 
previously listed should be reported here. In addition to items listed 
on the report form, include bookkeeping charges, tax preparation 
fees, postage, advertising, commission for sale of cattle, and fees 
paid for farm-related advice or for farm consultants. Do not include 
depreciation or expenditures for the purchase of land and buildings 
or new or used machinery. 



► Section 24 — COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Report acres on which commercial fertilizer (items 1 and 2) or lime 
(item 3) was applied during 1987. If any acreage was fertilized or 
limed more than once, report acres ONLY ONCE in each item. Report 
expense for commercial fertilizer purchased, excluding lime, in section 
23. item 4. 



► Section 26 — MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 

The estimated market value in item 1 refers to ALL machinery and 
equipment kept primarily on"thi3 place" and used for the farm 
business. Report the value in its present condition, not the 
replacement or depreciated value. Specialized equipment, which 
is an integral part of a building, should be included as a part of the 
value of land and buildings. 

>• Section 27 

The value for each of the three listed categories should be your 
estimate of the value of the land and buildings if they were sold in 
the current market. The real estate tax assessment value should 
not be used unless that value represents a full market value 
assessment and the land and buildings could reasonably be 
assumed to be sold at that price. Do not deduct real estate 
marketing charges from your estimate. Report the total value, 
not the value on a per acre basis. 



>■ Section 28 - 



-RELATED SOURCES 



Item 1 through 4 refer only to those income producing activities 
for which you use part of the (and, machinery, equipment, labor, 
or capital normally used on "this place," and which you do not 
consider as entirely separate from your farming activities. Report 
gross amounts received before taxes and expenses. 

Item 1 — Customwork — Do not report income for customwork 
or agricultural services provided to others if operated as an 
entirely separate business from your agricultural operations. 

Do not include rental 



Item 3 — Forest Products — Include only those forest products 
or Christmas trees cut from "this place," not items cut from other 
nonfarm timber acreage. Do not include income from saw mill 
business. 

Item 4 — Other Farm-Related Income — Include income from 
hunting leases, fishing fees, and other recreational services, sales 
of farm by-products, and other business or income closely related 
to the agricultural operation on "this place." Include dividends for 
business done with farmer-owned cooperatives. Do not enter 
previously reported farm sales or income from investments not 
associated with the farm. Do not include retirement pensions or 
social security benefits received. 



^ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1989— 2»*2-303' 00002 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-9 



DUE BT FEBRUARY 1. 1988 



• 87-A0400 



I.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 




UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



NOTICE — Response to this Inquiry Is required by law (title 1 3, U.S. Code). By the same law YOUR REPORT TO 
THE CENSUS BUREAU IS CONRDE^^^AL. It may be seen only by sworn Census employees and may be used 
onby for statistical purposes. Your report CANNOT be used for purposes of taxation, investigation, or regulation 
The law also provides that copies retained in your files are immune Irom legal process. 



r* c^orrespondotice p q i ta lrring to this report, ple« 



r 



» Fn» NumbM- (CPN) 



87-A0400 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

1201 East Tenth Street 
Jefferaonvin*, IN 47133 



Note — If your records are 

used. If you canr>ot file by Feb 

to the above address. Ir>clude your 1 2-characte 

as shown in your address label in alt correspond! 



liable, reasonable i 



> File Number (CFNt 



your completed » 



^^S^m 



Ptease correct e 



, addross, and ZIP Code. ENTER street and numttcr if n 



1 . At any time during 1 987, did you plant, grow, or have any: 

• Hay or tobacco? • Fruit, nut, or citrus trees; grapevines? 

• Com, wheat, or other grains? • Vegetables, melons, or berries? 

• Other crops? • Greenhouse or nursery crops? 

n_YBs Q_!^o 

2 . At any time during 1 987. did you raise, sell, or keep any: 

• Cattle, hogs, sheep, or goats? • Horses or ponies? 

• Chickens or other pouhry? • Fish in captivity? 

• Bees? • Other animal specialties? 

D Yes □ No 



^^Mk 



m\iwm 



ACREAGE IN 1 987 Report land owned, rented, or used by you, 
your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization for 
which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND. REGARDLESS OF 
LOCATION OH USE — cropland, pastureland. rangeland, 
woodland, idle land, house lots, etc. 



None Number of a 



1 . An land owned □ 

2. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land 
worked by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for 
services, payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, 
and railroad land. (DC NOT include land used on a per-head 
basis under a grazing permit.l Q 

. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS, including land worVed on 
shares by others and land subleased. Also complete item 5 below. □ 

. Acres in "THIS PLACE" — add acres owned (item 1 ) 
and acres rented (item 2), then SUBTRACT acres rented 
TO OTHERS (item 3), E,na enter the result in this space ^ 

If the entry is zero please refer to the Information Sheet, section 2. , 

5 . Of the land you rented or leased to others, how many "^""^ 053 
acres oid you own? O 



6, In what county was the largest value of your 
agricultural products raised or produced? . . . 



ctaJAtiwifeT LAND USE and IRRIGATION 

PART A — How were the ACRES in this place ussd In 19S77 



1 . Cropland harvested 

ware harvested cr hay 



No 



D 



Include all land from which crops 

IS CUT, and all land in orchards, cHr 

groves, virtayards, and nursery and greanhousa crops. . . . 

2. Cropland on which all crops failed — (Exception: Do nut 

report here land in orchards and vineyards on which the crop failed. ) I ] 

3 . Cropland idle, cropland used for cover crops, 

or cropland in cultivated summer fallow Q 

4. Cropland used only for pasture, woodland pastured, 

and other pastureland and rangeland d] 

. All other woodland, wasteland, houselots. etc. not 
reported In items 1 through 4 above □ 



PART B - IRRIGATION 

. How many acros of harvested land were irrigated? include 

land from which hay was cirr and land in bearing and nonbeering 
fruit and nut crops 

. How many acres of pastureland, rangeland. and any other 
lands not included in item 1 above were irrigated? D 



n 



b. Small grain hay ... CD 

c.Wild hay □ 

d. Other hay — 

Specify kind |__J 

□ 

a 
n 
n 



2. Com for grain or seed 

3. Soybeans for beans . . 

4. Wheat for grain . . . . 

5. Tobacco — all types 

6. Potatoes, Irish —too 
not inctude those grown 



a 



Acres 
harvested 


Quantity harvested 


Gross value of 
crops sold 


Dollan 1 Cents 


103 


d^ 


I" 1 00 




^07 Ton«. 
dry 


V 1 00 


112 


"3 Tona. 
dry 


s" 1 00 


loa 


Tons. 
drv 


$ 1 00 






$ 1 00 


OSS 


Bu. 


S 1 00 


73 


074 


$ 1 00 


! ;io 


°'* Ll>s 


S 1 00 


OB7 

! /lo 


Cwt. 


S 1 00 



. All vegetables for sale 


None 


Total seres 


Dollars 


, Cents 


(Do not include those grown 
forhomeuse.) 


1 /10 


« 


1 00 


Soecifv f\ 


1 /10 


llllllJl 


kindfsf \\ 


1 /10 



8. All fruit and nut orchards, 

vineyards, and berries . . 

Specify I 



□ 



7 tfte unit specified with c 



s and code from the list below. 



Quantfty harvested 



Gross value of 
crops sold 



W rTTCTTB apoce h needed, use a separate sheer of paper. 

Crop ruirrM Code j Crop nafna 

Barley for grain (bushels) 079 , Oets for gram (bushels) 

Com (m stiage or green chop (tons, green) . . 070 ' Sorghum tor graln-mllo (bushelB) . 
Cotton (balasl 091 i^ Other crops (pounds) - Specify . . 



Cod* 
. 076 
. 083 
. 7S2 



« PART B - NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS GROWN FOR SALE 
on "THIS PLACE" in 1987 

From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. 



Square feet 
undar glass or 
other protection 



_i ofiii. 



Sales In 1 987 



't of paper. 

Cropnanw Code i Crop nam* 

Bedding plants (Include vegetable plants) . . 479 Potted Howering plants . 

Cut Dowers and cut florist greens 485 j Foltsge plarrts 

Nursery crops — ornamentals, fruit Greenhouse vegetables , 

and nut treea. and vines 488 j Other — Specify 



Cod* 
. 710 
. 707 

. 803 



PlEIKAl.rr PO/t PAiLURE TO RES>ORT 



CONTINUE ON REVERSE Sll>E ■ 



D-10 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



"miUNUm 1 LIVESTOCK and POULTRY 

• PART A - CATTLE and CALVES 

None 

1. CATTLE and CALVES of all 8g»s D 

a . BEEF COWS - include baet helttn that r-i 

had calvad. I — I 



b. MILK COWS kepi for production of mlllt or 
cream for sale or home use — include dry 

milk cowm end milk heifers that had calved. 



n 



INVENTORY 

Number on tnie 

piece Dec. 31. 1987 



None 
. Value of DAIRY PRODUCTS sold in 1 987 - 
Include milk, cresm, butter, etc CH 

• CATTLE and CALVES SOLO 
FROM THIS PLACE IN 1S87 

Include ae eold cettle moved from 

this piece to e feedlot for furthrtr Non) 

feeding. 

. Calves lass than SOO pounds Lj 

, Cattle - Inc'uda calves BOO pounds or mora C] 
a . Of ALL cattle sold, how many were 
FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or 
CONCENTRATES for 30 davs or more ^ 
and SOLD for SLAUGHTER? U 



Gro» value of sales 



• PART B - HOGS and PIGS 



, HOGS and PIGS of all ages 

a . HOGS end PIGS used or to be used for breeding 



Gross value of sales 



INVENTORY 

Numtier on this 

place Dec. 31, 1 987 



. HOGS and PIGS SOLD from this 
place in 1987 □ 



' Of the hogs and pigs sold, how many were 
sold as FEEDER PIGS for further feedinfl? . . 



a 



Gross valua of sales 



• PART E - HORSES, OTHER LIVESTOCK, AN IMAL SPECIALTIES, and FISH 



1 . Horses and ponies 
of at) ages ...... Lj 



2 . Colonies of bees . . ED 

3. Milk goats C] 



4. Angora goats .... CD 
B , Other livestock, fish. 
animal products. 

ffirwr nBmBfcod9 from bektw.} 






-Code ■ 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

ptBcePee. 31, 1987 



Gross value of sales 



Vilnk and ihalr peKe . 



B33 ' Rnbbita and their perta . 

836] CH^or soats 851] 



and thefr products . 



^•fiftSitil?ifn i QOVEnNMENT CCC LOANS 

Amount received in 1987 from Government CCC loa ns. Include regufa. 

and resarvB loans, even If redeemed or forfeited. ., i ^rr, 

None Dollars 

Spectfy cropis) - ■ — I — I ^ 

'^S ^IS^'t ^ } PnOTwwnt* received for participation In FEDERAL FARM 
PROGRAMS In 1987 fOO NOT INCLUDE CCCloena.) 



Nona 

,n 

niflcatos Lj 



. Amount received in cash 

. Valurt of certificalBs received — payment-in-klnd 
(PIKi or commodity 



i- 1JS?*iljl> 'M I Acf oa in this place SET ASIDE, DIVERTED, or IDLED under 
FEDERAL acreago reduction programs In 1987 

Nona 



. How many acres were set aside (or diverted) under 
ANNUAL commodity acreage adlustment programs? 



n 



• PART C - SHEEP and LAMBS 

None 

1 . SHEEP and LAMBS of all ages D 

a . EWES 1 year old or older □ 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31, 1B87 



^^Ijigty^ J CHARACTERISTICS and OCCUPATION OP OPERATOR 
(Sonlor pertnsr or psraon In chsrgs) 



None I 

. □ 



. What was the gross vslue of sales of 
SHEEP. LAMBS, and WOOL from this 
piece in 1937? 



Nona 



Gross value of sales 



FART D - POULTRY 



1. HENS and PULLETS ™°"° 

• . HENS and PULLETS of laying age D 

b. PULLETS 3 montha old or older not yet of 

laying age for layer replacement LJ 

o . PULLETS under 3 months old for layar 

replacament CJ 

2. BROILERS, fryers, other meat-type chickens . . Q 

3. TURKEYS for slaughter IDo not include bnteden.1 □ 

4. OTHER POULTRY IBnter name/code from below.) 



PouttTY r 
Name/eod* 



INVENTORY 

Number on 

this place 

Dec. 3f, 1987 



Ducks '.'..'.'.'. »04 I 



Name/eoda 

Qesss 

Pigeons or squab. 



9oe 

SOS 
910 



Nama/eode 

Quill sia 

All ottier poultry — 



. Value of POULTRY and POULTRY None 

PRODUCTS (eggs, etc.) sold from this place _, 
in 19877 D 



Gross velue of sales 



Number of acres 



1 . RESIDENCE — Does the operator live on this '" 

place? 1 LJ Ye 



jD No 



. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which 
occupation did the operator spend the 
majoritv (50 percent or more) of his/her 

V/orktlmO In ^QQIT For partnarehlpe consider 
all membera of the partnership together, 



1 □ Farming j CH Other 
or ranching 



. OFF-FARM WORK - How many days d)d the / , Q ^^„^ 
operator work at least 4 hours per day oH this I | — , 
place in 1987? —/nc/uci»ivor*»TB nontorm /Ob, laLJ 1— ASdays 

buBlnesa. or on someone elsa'a farm for pay. IDo not / ,1 1 en QQ Hn\/r. 

Include exchenge fannwarki ( 'td °" '''' °°»" 

»□ 100-149 daya 



sD ISO— 199 days 
s mi 200 days or more 



4 . In what YEAR did the operator begin to operate 
any part of thia place? 



5. AGE of operator 



e. RACE of operator 



' , n White 

3 LJ Negro or Blacli 
aCJ American Indian 

4 C] Asian or Pacific 

Islander 
8 LJ Other — Specifyj 



7. SEX of operator i CD Male a CD Female 

a. SPANISH ORIGIN — Is the operator of Spenish 

origin or descent (Mexican. Puerto Rican, . . . 

Cuban, or other Spanish)? iLJ Yes iLJ No 



aSftgrratili^rPlRSOW completing this report -P/waaprfn?" 

Name tsss Data 



Telephone numtMr 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-11 



a7~Aa«(ii 



IEyF01F^tV]/\TI0E\t SHEET 

1987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Special Reporting Instructions 



Who Stiould Report 



All Land Owned — Report a 
>r title, purchased contract or r 
heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include 
and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, co 
for which you are reporting. 



1987 whether 



corporations, institutions, and THOSE NOT CONDUCTING 
AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS Each case included in the cens 
a unique Census File Number (CFN», In order to make the censi 
results as complete and accurate as possible, \A/e need to obtair 



If You Received IVIoro Tha 



I One Report Fomm for ■ 



I Oper 



Complete only ONE report form for an operation. Write "Duplicate" 
near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the 
1 1 -digit census file number(s) of the DUPLICATE report(s) ON THE 
COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided to the left of the address 
label. Return the extra report{s) in the same envelope with your 
completed ■■eport form so that we can correct our records, 

3. If You No Longer Farm 



report all agi 
census form that yo^ 



uitural operations at any ttn-'c during 1 987, please 
iltural activity during the year. Report all land on yoi 

^ed or rented. Also, report your 1 987 en 

and 1987 sales. 



Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate sheet of 
paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 
date and the name and address of the present operator, if known- 

4. If You Never Farmed or Have No Association WStti Agriculture 

Please write a note on the report form near the address label explaining 
this and return the form so that we can correct our records. In our 
efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists 
from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm 
addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. 

5. If You Have More Ttian One Agricultural Operation 

Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISl INCT 
production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedlot. 
greenhouse, etc., or combination of farms, otc, for which you 
maintain SEPARATE records of operating expenses and sales, 
livestock and other inventories, crop acreages, and production, 

6. If You Have a Partnerahip Operation 

Complete only ONE report for the entire partnership's agricultural 
operation and include all partners' shares on the one report. If 
members of the partnership also operate separate farms or ranches in 
addition to the partnership farming operation, separate report forms 
should be completed for each individual operation. 

If two or more report forms \Arere received for the same operation, 
mark each additional form as a "Duplicate." Return the duplicate 
report(s) in the saine envelope with the completed partnership report, 
where possible, or write a note on the duplicate report, such as, 
" (Name of partner} has completed a report for the partnership 
(provide name and CFN of partnership. >" 

7. Landlord's or Contractor's Share 

led land from others or had a contract for the 
uitural products, include both your share and the 

• share of the production, sales, and expenses 
so your census report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." 

If you do not know the landlord's or € 
BEST ESTIMATE. If you do not have 
items, use your best estimate. 

8. How to Enter Your Response 

Enter your replies in the proper space 
units requested, i.e.. dollars, bushels 
outside the answer spaces or on a se 



All dollar figur 
REQUIRED. 






the correct lines, and i 
, etc. \A/rite any exple 
irate sheet of paper. 



vhole dolla 



CENTS ARE NOT 



Enter whole numbers except where tenths , 

of potatoes harvested. If you have 1/2, 1 /3. or l74 of an'acre, convert 
' ■ " . 2/10. 



> tenths. For ex 

The < 

'PP . 



apply 1 



( requested. 
Dr 1 /4 of an > 
nple, convert 1 /2 to 5/ 1 O, 1 /3 to 3/1 O, 1 /A i 

i and questions which do 



b" or "No" box and 



Instructions For Specified Sections 



I 2 — ACREAGE IN 1987 



"THIS PLACE") referred l 

\A/hen answering the acreage questions, include the land as 
with your agricultural operations in 1 987 whether in produ< 
not. Include all land that you owned or rented during 1 987 < 



nly for part of the year. Do r 



Hated residen 



la 

have supplif 

INCLUDE in item 2: 

a. Land for agricultural use that you rented from others for cash 

b. Land you %A/orked on a share basis (crop or livestock) 
c Land ovi/ned by someone else that you used rent-free 

ervation, or railroad land rented or 

DO NO r INCLUDE in item 2: 



Land used on a per-head or animal un 


t licens 


e or permi 


t basis 


as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Ac 


. Natior 


lal Forest 


or Ind 



Item 3 — All Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS — Include all 
land rented out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage reported 
1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from each of your 



r the operati 
INCLUDE in iter 
a. Owned land 



■ that I 



ted to others for cash or a share of crops or 

b. Land you rented from someone and then subleased to 

c. Land worked for you by someone for a share of crops or 
livestock 

d- Land which you allowed others to use rent-free 

Item 4 — Acres in "THIS PLACE" — This figure v^ill show the total 



THIS PLACE' 



1987. 
'O" and: 



All your land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, skip to 
and complete section 1 O, and explain briefly, "All land rented 
out," etc. Mail form in return envelope. 



You did not have any agricultural acti 
land in 1 9S7, coiTiplete section 1 O ar 
"retired," "sold farm," and date. C5ii 
current operator if knov*/n and return 



' on ONA/ned or rented 
xplain briefly, such as 
ame and address of 



Section 3 — LAND USE AND IRRIGATION 

•THIS PLACE" reported in 



This section is used 1 
section 2. item 4. Dc 
reported in section 2 



include any acres 
T% 3. The sum of the acres er 
otat acres in 'THIS PLACE 



used for more than one listed purpose in 1 987. repo.t that 
land only in the first category listed. For example, if you harvested a 
crop and later used the same land for pasture, report the land in 
part A, item 1 , "Cropland harvested " 

Double Cropping — When more than one crop was harvested from 
the same land in 1 987. 
harvested," in part A. ii 

Interplanted Crops ~ If you interplanted crops, such as cotton in an 
orchard, report the total land used for both crops only ONCE, as 
"Cropland harvested," in part A, item 1 . 

Skip Rowr Planted Crops — Report the acres that represent the total 
nonplanted or skipped rows as "Cropland idle." pert A, item 3, the 
acres that represent the planted rov/s should be reported as 
"Cropland harvested," part A, item 1 . 

Irrigation is defined as land watered by artificial or controlled 
nveans — sprinklers, furrows or ditches, spreader dikes, purposeful 
flooding, etc. Include acres that receive supplemental, partial, and/or 
preplan! irrigation. Do not report water applied in transplanting 



>■ Section 4 ■ 



sporting 
I shown 
r report. A fi 



ps harvested during 



I whole acres. 



(Acres in "THIS PLACE") of 

listed on the form. For these 

quantity harvested, and value of sales. If you produced croj 

listed, write the name of the crop and code from the list pro 

and report the acres harvested, quantity harvested, and the 

of sales. 



D-12 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



DO NOT INCLUDE: 



b. Crops or crop products purchased from others and later sold. 

Acro3 Harv9s«ecl — Enter the acres harvested In 1987. Round 
fractions to whole acres except where tenths are requested by "/I O" 
In the reporting box, such as potatoes. 



Quantity Harvested - 



estimated < 



I be harvested. 

Report the > 



stcd and the 



expenses and taxes. Include Government CCC loai 

"THIS PLACE" in 1 987. Include payments received in 1 937 

cooperatives or marketing organizations for crops produced i 



e deducting 

THIS 



Valuta of Salas — Report the total gross value of animals and poultry 
sold or removed from "this place" in 1 987 without deducting 
production or marketing expenses <cost of feed, cost of livestock 

c.)- If the sale price or market 
-late of their market value 
port the value of sales of any 

Id from a place you 



rchase, cost of hai _ _ 

value is not known, give your best os 
when they left "this place." Do NOT 
i poultry owned by you b 



operat 



t kept i 



Contract and Custom Faading Operations — Livestock or poultry 
kept by you on "this place" on a contract or custom basis should be 
included on this report REGARDLESS OF OXA/NERSHIP. Report as 
"INVENTORY" numbers of animals or poultry on the place on 
December 31.1 987. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept on 
a contract or custom basis and removed or sold from the place in 
1 987. If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best 
estimate of the market value of the animals or poultry when they left 
the place. 



The pe 



vho furnished the Housing and labor should report the 
ition on his/her report form regardless of who owned the 
as sold the number of poultry that were taken or moved 



home use. Report the total ( 

Items 

Report i 



eage of each vegetable 

t. Vineyard:*, and Nut Trees — 
rrees and vines, include thosu for 
lined for sale of their production. 
! been abandoned should not be 
icluded in section 3, part A. item 3 



nterplanted crop i 



vines were interplanted with 
le orchard crop in item 8 and 
the appropriate item. 



If you ow¥«ttd BEES — Report all colonies or hives of bees and honey 
npeiations conducted by you. regardless of where the hives were 
kept most of the yeiir. Report hives oi colonies, pounds of honey sold, 
and value of sales. 

Ottter LIvestocK snd LIvestocK Products — Include in all other 
livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and any other 
animal products sold from "this place" in 1 987. Mink pelts and rabbit 
pelts should be included in number sold and value of sales, but not in 

tity sold and 



Item 9 — Other Crops — To report: <1 ) find the crop name and the 
code number from the list under item 9; 12) enter crop name and codi 
in the first two columns of the first available answer line under item £ 
(3> enter the information that is reQuested in the remaining columns, 
listed, use the "OTHER" code and specify 



' name. If you r 
ilue of crop(B) ■ 



cd addit 
.ame(s). 



al spa 



ndqu 



:ity ha 



spar; 



AIVIOUNT RECEIVED FROM GOVERNIWENT CCC 



ed under the re< 



forfeited prior i 



nber 31, 1987. 



gular or resE 
during 1987. 
redeemed or 



t A, B, C, and D 



LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 



rtd Poultry to Include In the Report — Report all 
■ultry. and arttmal specialties on ' 'this place" (section 2, 
nber 31,1 987. Include all owned by you end any 



animals, 
item 4> < 

kept by you for others. Include t 
Forest land, district land, cooperati> 
rangeland administered by the Bure 
per-head or lease basis Animals in 1 
animals on a short-term pasture (su 
residue) on a per head or lease basi: 
person who had control of the anim 



als on unf. 
a grazing association land, 
lU of Land Management on 
ansit on December 31 , 1 91 
h as wheat pasture or crop 
should be reported by the 



► Section 7 — FEDERAL PAYIVIENTS RECEIVED 






. Include cash payments in it 
/ certificates held or the valtj 
Of any certificates in 1 987. 



Federal payments include receipts from Federal programs such as 
deficiency payments, "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out." support prici 
payments, indemnity programs, disaster payments, paid land 
diversion, inventory reduction payments, payments received for 
approved soil and water conservation projects, etc. 



arrangement on land rented to others. Do n< 
quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "this place." Animals 
kept on a place not operated by you are to be included on the report 
for that place. 

Animals Bought and Sold — DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD WITHIN 30 DAYS. Such purchases 
and sales are considered "dealer" transactions, and are not included 



Include in item 2 all acre 
placed, by (ong-term co 
Program. Acres placed i 



or removed from 
r who shared in 
en to a landlord 
. Do NOT report 



Numher Sold - 

"this place" in 1 987, 

the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord < 

or others in trade or in payment for goods or s 

number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on anotner place. 

Dairy Termination Program or "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out 
Program" — The amount received in 1987 from the Govemmen 
under the dairy termination program should be included in section 
item 1 . Dairy cattle and calves sold should be reported in section 
part A. 

place" to another place, such a 

"sold" and give your best estimate of their market value when they 



DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 

a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

b. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before beir 

c. Veal calves, or any calves weighing less than 500 po 



ollects infori 
defined as the individual o 
person in charge. 

For Family or Indlvtdu 



I 2, fo 



I Operation — Complete thi! 



For Partnership Operations — Answer all items, except ite 
the "Senior Partner." The "Senior Partner" is the individual 
mainly responsible for the agricultural operations on "this place," r 
arily the person senior in age. If each partner shares equally i 
3-day management decisions, consider the oldest as the 
-~ ■ ■ :ipal Occupatic 



"S( 


snioT 


Partner.' 


mei 


mber 


s of the c 


ran< 


ching" worktl 




rk at 


greenhoL 


feedlots 


, broiler f 



I 2 (Prin 



Pie 



LlltU 



elude t 



"far 



ling < 



For Corporation and Other Operations 4Coopsr«tlves, Estates, 
etc.) — Complete section 9 for ?he person in charge, such as a hired 
manager, business manager, or other person primarily responsible for 
the on-site, day-to day operation of the farm or ranch business. 



Item 4 — Year Began Operation - 

operator or senior partner began to 
on a continuous basis. If the operat< 
operated, report the year operation: 



Report the first year the 
perate any part of "this place" 
r returned to a place previously 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-13 



INDEX 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Abnormal farms 

Acreage reduction 

program 

Age of operator 

Agricultural products sold, 

market value 

Agricultural services 

income 

Alfalfa hay 

Alfalfa seed 

Almonds 

American Indian 

operator 

Angora goats 

Apples 

Apricots 

Aquacultural products . . 

Artichokes 

Asian or Pacific Islander 

operator 

Asparagus 

Assets, value 

Austrian winter peas .... 
Avocados 

B 

Bahia grass seed 

Balers, pickup 

Bananas 

Barley for grain 

Barley for grain sales, 

value 

Beans, dry edible 

Beans, dry lima 

Beans, green lima 

Beans, snap (bush and 

pole) 

Beans, soybeans 

Bedding plants 

Beef cows 

Bees, colonies 

Beets, sugar 

Beets, table 

Bentgrass seed 

Bermuda grass seed 

Berries 

Birdsfoot trefoil seed . . . 

Blackberries 

Black operators and other 

races 

Blueberries 



19 



1,2,10, 



7,10,48-53 


5 


1,16,48-53 


1,10,16 


18,47,48-53 


1,2,16 


5,48-53 


4 


43,44,48-53 


26 


43,44 


26 


45,48-53 


28 


17 


34 


41 


18 


45,48-53 


28 


42 


28 


41 


21 


- 


27 



17 

1,10-12,18, 
47,48-53 

45 



13,48-53 

45 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,48-53 
42-44,48-53 



44,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

46 

1,20,25,29,48-53 

41 

42-44,48-53 



42,44,48-53 



16,17,48-53 
44 



34 

27 

1,5,8,16 

26 
28 



26 

8 

28 

1,15,16,24 

2,16 

15,16,25 

25 

27 

27 

1,15,16,25 

30 

1,11,16 

20 

1,15,16,25 

27 

26 

26 

29 

26 

29 

32-34 
29 



B— Con. 

Bluegrass seed, 

Kentucky 

Boysenberries 

Breeding hogs and 

pigs 

Broccoli 

Broilers 

Bromegrass seed 

Brussels sprouts 

Buckwheat 

Bulbs 

Bulls, bull calves, steers 

and steer calves 

Burros, donkeys, and 

mules , 

C 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 

Carrots 

Cash, government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Cash rent, expenses..., 

Cash rent or share 
payments received, 
farm-related income . . . 

Catfish sales 

Cattle and calves 

Cattle and calves sales, 
value 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Certificates, govern- 
ment farm programs 
payments 

Chemicals, expenses... 

Chemicals used 

Cherries 

Chickens 3 months old 
or older 

Chicory 

Chinese cabbage 

Chinese or ming peas . . 

Christmas trees and 
forest products sales, 
farm-related income . . . 

Citrus fruit 

Clover seed 

Coffee 

Collards 

Colonies of bees 

Combines, grain and 
bean, all types 



44 

32,48-53 
1 ,20-22,48-53 

46 

20,25,48-53 

41 

44 

5 
3,10,48-53 

5,48-53 

1,10,20,25,27,47, 

48-53 

2,20,26,31,47, 

48-53 



1,3,10,15,47,48-53 
15,48-53 
45,48-53 

1,20,21,23,48-53 



26 
29 

12,16 
27 
1,14,16 
26 
27 
24 
30 

11,16 

23 



27 
27 
27 

4 
3,16 



4 

21 

1,11,16 

2,11,16 

27 
27 



4 

3,16 

9 

28 

1,14 
27 
27 
27 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



5,48-53 


4 


45,48-53 


28 


- 


26 


45 


28 


- 


27 


41 


20 


13,48-53 


16 




INDEX 1 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



item 



State 
tables 



C— Con. 

Commercially mixed for- 
mula feed purchased . . 

Commodity Credit 
Corporation loans 

Conservation reserve 
programs 

Contract labor expenses 

Corn, field 

Corn for grain sales, 
value 

Corn, sweet 

Corn, sweet, for seed! . . 

Corporation, family 
held 

Corporation, nonfamily 
held 

Corporation, type of 
organization 

Cotton 

Cotton sales, value 

Cottonpickers and 
strippers 

Cowpeas for dry peas . . 

Cowpeas, green 

Cows and heifers that 
had calved 

Cranberries 

Cropland diverted, set 
aside 

Cropland for cover crops, 
legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses. . 

Cropland harvested 

Cropland harvested, 
irrigated 

Cropland idle 

Cropland in cultivated 
summer fallow 

Cropland on which all 
crops failed 

Cropland pastured 

Cropland total 

Crops, farms reporting, 
acres, production 

Cucumbers 

Currants 

Customwork, machine 
hire, and rental of 
machinery and equip- 
ment, expenses 

Customwork and other 
agricultural services, 
farm-related income . . . 



1,3,48-53 

6,10,48-53 

7,10,48-53 

3,10,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 



2,48-53 
44,48-53 



16,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

1,42,44,47,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

13,48-53 



20,25,48-53 
44 

7,10,48-53 



7,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,42, 

47,48-53 

8-10 
7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

1,7,10,47,48-53 

42 
44 



3,10,48-53 
5,48-53 



3,16 

4 

5 

3,16 

1,15,16, 

24,31 

2,16 
27 
31 

10,16 

10,16 



1,15,16,25 
2,16 



25 
27 

11,16 
29 



5 

1,3,5,6, 

10,15,16 

7 
5 



5 

5 

1,5,16 

15,16 
27 
29 



3,16 
16 



D 

Daikon 

Dairy cows (milk cows) . 

Dairy products sales, 

value 

Dates 

Dewberries 

Diesel fuel expenses . . . 

Dill for oil 

Disease control in 

crops and orchards. . . . 
Donkeys, burros, and 

mules 

Ducks 

Ducks, geese, and other 

poultry 

E 

Eggplant 

Electricity expenses 

Emmer and spelt 

Endive 

Equipment and 

machinery 

Escarole 

Ewes 1 year old or 

older 

Expenses, farm 

production 

F 

Family held 

corporations 

Family or individual, 

type of organization . . . 

Farm-related income 

Farms by age and 

principal occupation 

of operator 

Farms by size of farm . . 
Farms by standard 

industrial classification 
Farms by tenure of 

operator 

Farms by type of 

organization 

Farms by value of 

agricultural products 

sold 

Farms, number 

Fattened cattle sales . . . 
Feed purchased 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 
48-53 

2,47,48-53 



14,48-53 



15 



,48-53 
41 

21 



10,47,48-53 

1,10,12,18,47,48-53 

38 

1,3,10,47,48-53 

48-53 

1,16,48-53 
5,48-53 

16,48-53 
8,47,48-53 

18,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

26,29,31,48-53 

1,3,47,48-53 



2 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



F— Con. 

Feeder pigs sales 

Female operators 

Fertilizer applied 

Fertilizer expenses 

Fescue seed 

Field seed crops 

Figs 

Filberts 

Fish sales 

Flaxseed 

Florist greens and 

flowers, cut 

Flower and vegetable 

seeds 

Flowering plants, 

potted 

Flowers and florist 

greens, cut 

Foliage plants 

Forest products and 

Christmas trees sales, 

farm-related income . . . 

Foxtail millet seed 

Fruit crops 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

sales, value 

Fuel oil, kerosene, motor 

oil, grease, LP gas, etc., 

expenses 

Full owners 

G 

Garlic 

Gas, natural, expenses . 

Gasoline and other 
petroleum fuel and oil 
expenses 

Gasoline expenses 

Geese 

Geese, ducks, and 

other poultry 

Ginger root 

Goat milk sales 

Goats 

Goats, Angora 

Goats, milk 

Goats, other 

Government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Grain hay 

Grain sales, value 

Grains 

Grapefruit 



20,33,35-37,48-53 

16,17,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,10,15,47,48-53 

44 

44,48-53 

45 

41 

42,44,48-53 

46 

46 



5,48-53 

45 

2,47,48-53 



14,48-53 
16,48-53 



14,48-53 

14,48-53 
14,48-53 

41 

41 
41,48-53 
41 
41 
41 

5,10,47,48-53 

43,44 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

45 



12 
10 
9 
3,16 
26 
26 
28 
28 
21 
24 

30 

30 

30 

30 
30 



4 

26 

15,16,28 

2,16 



3 
10,16 



3,16 

3 

22 

14,22 
31 
17 
23 
23 
17 
23 

4 

26 

2,16 

16 

28 



G— Con. 

Grapes 

Grass silage, haylage, 
and green chop hay . . . 

Grazing permits 

Grease, LP gas, fuel 
oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
etc., expenses 

Greenhouse crops 

Greenhouse vegetables 

Guar 

Guavas 

H 

Hatcheries 

Hay crops 

Hay, silage, and field 

seeds sales, value 

Haylage, grass silage, and 

green chop hay 

Hazelnuts 

Heifers and heifer 

calves 

Hens and pullets of 

laying age 

Herbs 

Hired farm labor 

expenses 

Hogs and pigs 

Hogs and pigs sales, 

value 

Hogs, litters farrowed . . . 

Honey sales 

Honey tangerines 

Honeydew melons 

Hops 

Horses and ponies 

I 

Income from farm-related 

sources 

Income, see net cash 

return 

Individual or family, type 

of organization 

Insects, chemical 

control 

Interest debt not secured 

by real estate 

Interest, debt secured 

by real estate 

Interest expenses 



45,48-53 
43,44 



14,48-53 

42,46 

46 

45 



1,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

43,44 
45 

20,25,48-53 

20,21,48-53 



3,10,47,48-53 

1,10,20,32,35,47, 

48-53 

2,20,33,36,47,48-53 

34,37,48-53 

41 



44 
20,41,48-53 



5,48-53 

4,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,48-53 

3,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 



28 



26 
36 



3 
30 
30 
31 
28 



22 

1,15,16,26 

2,16 

26 
28 

11,16 

14,16 
31 

3,16 
1,12,16 



2,12,16 
12 
20 
28 
27 
31 
13 



10 

4 

10,16 

9 

3 

3 

3,16 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 3 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



I— Con. 

Irish potatoes 

Irrigated farms and 
acres 

J 

Jojoba 

K 

Kale 

Kentucky bluegrass 
seed 

Kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, LP gas, fuel oil, 
etc., expenses 

Kiwifruit 

Kumquats 

L 

Labor expenses 

Land and buildings, 

value 

Land in farms 

Land owned 

Land rented from others 
Land rented to others . . 
Land set aside in federal 

farm programs 

Land use 

Lemons 

Lentils 

Lespedeza seed 

Lettuce and romaine 

Lima beans, dry 

Lima beans, green 

Lime applied 

Limes 

Litters farrowed 

Livestock and livestock 

products sold 

Livestock and poultry . . . 
Livestock and poultry 

purchased 

Livestock, poultry, and 

their products sales, 

value 

Loans, Commodity Credit 

Corporation 

Loganberries 

Lotus root 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

motor oil, grease, etc., 

expenses 



1,42-44,48-53 
1,8-10 



44 
14.48-53 



1,15,16,25 
1,7 

31 

27 
26 



1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


1,10,11,47,48-53 


5,16 


1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 


1,5,10,16 


48-53 




10,48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


7,10,48-53 


1 


7,8,10,47,48-53 


5 


45 


28 


44 


25 


- 


26 


44 


27 


- 


25 


- 


27 


15.48-53 


9 


- 


28 


34,37.48-53 


12 


20 




20 


1,16 


1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


1,2,10,18,20,47 


1,2,16 


6,10,48-53 


4 



14,48-53 



M 

Macadamia nuts 

Machine hire, rental 
of machinery and equip- 
ment, and customwork 
expenses 

Machinery and 
equipment 

Male operators 

Mangoes 

Melons 

Milk cows (dairy cows) . 

Milk goats 

Millet, proso 

Millet seed, foxtail 

Mink and their pelts 

Mint for oil 

Mohair sales 

Motor oil, grease, LP 

gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

etc., expenses 

Motortrucks, including 

pickups 

Mower conditioners 

Mules, burros, and 

donkeys 

Mungbeans for beans . . 

Mushrooms 

Mustard cabbage 

Mustard greens 

Mustard seed 

N 

Natural gas expenses . . 

Nectarines 

Nematode control in 

crops 

Net cash return from 

agricultural sales 

Nonfamily held 

corporations 

Number of farms 

Nursery and greenhouse 
crops 

Nursery and greenhouse 
crops sales, value . . . . 

Nursery crops-shrubs, 
trees, etc 

O 

Oat sales, value 

Oats for grain 

Occupation of operator. 



45 



3,10,48-53 



1,10,12,18,47,48-53 
16,17,48-53 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 

48-53 

41 

44 

41 
44 
41 



14,48-53 

13,48-53 
13,48-53 

41 

46 



14,48-53 

15,48-53 

4,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

42,46 

2,42,46,47,48-53 

46 



2,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



2,16 

1,15,16,24 

1,10,16 



4 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



O— Con. 

Off-farm work by 
operator 

Okra 

Olives 

Onions, dry and green.. 

Operator characteristics- 
residence, age, race, 
occupation, off-farm 
work, sex, Spanish 
origin, years on 
present farm 

Oranges 

Orchardgrass seed 

Orchards 

Organization of farm 

Other farm production 
expenses 

Other field crops sales, 
value 

Other grains sales, value 

Other livestock and live- 
stock products sales, 
value 

Other poultry 

Owned land 

P 

Papayas 

Parsley 

Part owners 

Partnership, type of 

organization 

Passion fruit 

Pastureland and grazing 

land 

Pastureland and other 

land irrigated 

Payroll expenses 

Peaches 

Peanuts for nuts 

Pears 

Peas, Austrian winter . . . 
Peas, Chinese or ming . 

Peas, dry edible 

Peas, green 

Pecans 

Peppers 

Persimmons 

Petroleum products 

expenses 

Pheasants 

Pickup balers 

Pigeons or squab 



1,16,48-53 
44 



1,10,16 
27 
28 
27 



16,17,48-53 


10,16 


45 


28 


- 


26 


1 ,42-44,48-53 


1,15,16,28 


1,16,48-53 


10,16 


5,48-53 


3,16 


2,48-53 


2,16 


2,48-53 


2,16 



2.47,48-53 
10,48-53 

45 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

7,48-53 



1,3,10,47,48-53 

45,48-53 

42-44,48-53 

45 



44 
44,48-53 
45,48-53 



3,10,14,48-53 
13,48-53 



2,16 
22 



28 

27 

10,16 

10,16 
28 



7 
3,16 
28 
1,15,16,25 
28 
26 
27 
25 
27 
28, 
27 
28 

3,16 

22 

8 

22 



P— Con. 

Pimientos 

Pineapples 

Pistachios 

Plums 

Pomegranates 

Ponies and horses . . . . 

Popcorn 

Potatoes, Irish 

Potatoes, sweet 

Poultry and poultry 

products sales, value 

Poultry hatched 

Principal occupation 

of operator 

Production expenses . 
Property taxes, 

expenses 

Proso millet 

Prunes 

Pullets 

Pumpkins 

Q 

Quail 



Rabbits and their pelts . 

Race of operator 

Radishes 

Rangeland 

Rapeseed 

Raspberries 

Redtop seed 

Rent paid in cash, 
expenses 

Rent received, farm- 
related income 

Repair and maintenance 
expenses 

Residence of operator.. 

Rhubarb 

Rice 

Romaine and lettuce . . . 

Rye for grain 

Ryegrass seed 

S 

Safflower 

Sales of agricultural 
products 



1,42,44,48-53 

.45 

20,41,48-53 

44 

1,42-44,48-53 

42,44,48-53 

2,20,48-53 



1,16,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 

3,10,48-53 
44 
45 
22 



41 
16,48-53 

7,48-53 

44 

3,10,48-53 

5,48-53 

3,10,48-53 
16,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

44 

42,44 

44 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 



27 
1,15,16,31 
28 
28 
28 
13 
24 
1,15,16,25 
25 

2,16 
22 

1,10,16 
1,3,16 

3,16 
24 
28 
14 
27 



22 



23 
34 
27 
5 
31 
29 
26 

3,16 



3,16 
10,16 
27 
1,15,16,24 
27 
24 
26 



24 
1,2,16 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 5 



INDEX— Con. 



(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



S— Con. 

Salt hay 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and 

trees purchased 

Set aside programs, 

acreage 

Sex of operator 

Shallots 

Sheep and lambs 

Sheep and lambs shorn 
Sheep, lambs, and wool 

sales, value 

Size of farm, average... 

Small grain hay 

Snap beans, bush and 

pole 

Sod 

Sorghum 

Sorghum for grain sales, 

value 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), dry 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), green 

Soybeans 

Soybeans sales, value.. 
Spanish origin, 

operators of 

Spelt and emmer 

Spinach 

Squash 

Standard industrial 

classification of farms . 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, 

and bull calves 

Strawberries 

Sudangrass seed 

Sugar beets 

Sugarcane 

Sunflower seed 

Sweet corn 

Sweet corn for seed .... 
Sweet potatoes 

T 

Tame dry hay 

Tangelos 

Tangerines 

Tare 

Taxes, property, 

expenses 

Tenant operated farms . 



3,10,48-53 

7,10,48-53 
16,17,48-53 

10,20,38,39,48-53 
38,48-53 

2,20,38,47,48-53 

1,48-53 

43,44 

44,48-53 

46 

1,42-44,48-53 



2,48-53 



1 ,42-44,48-53 
2,48-53 

16,17,48-53 



18.48-53 

20,25,48-53 
43,44 

42-44,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

1,42,44,48-53 

44,48-53 

42,44,48-53 



43,44 



5,48-53 
16,48-53 



31 



5 

10 

27 

1,13,16 

13 

2,13,16 

1,16 

26 

27 

30 

1,15,16,24 

26,31 

2,16 

25 

27 

1,15,16,25 

2,16 

35 
24 
27 
27 

2,16 

11,16 

29 

26 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,24 

27 

31 

25 



16,26 
28 
28 
31 

3 
10,16 



T— Con. 

Tenure of operator 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco 

Tobacco sales, value . . . 

Tomatoes 

Tractors, wheel 

Triticale 

Trout sales 

Trucks, including 

pickups 

Turkeys 

Turnip greens 

Turnips 

Type of farm 

Type of organization .... 

V 

Value of agricultural 

products sold 

Value of land and 

buildings 

Value of machinery 

and equipment 

Vegetable and flower 

seeds 

Vegetables, greenhouse 
Vegetables harvested for 

sale 

Vegetables, sweet corn, 

and melons sales, value 
Vetch seed 

W 

Walnuts, English 

Watercress 

Watermelons 

Weeds, chemical 

control 

Wheat for grain 

Wheat sales, value 

Wheatgrass seed 

Wheel tractors 

Wild hay 

Wild rice 

Woodland 

Wool, pounds shorn . . . . 
Work off-farm by 

operator 



Years on present farm. 



16,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

13,48-53 



13,48-53 
20,21,24,48-53 



18,48-53 
1,16,48-53 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

1,10,18,48-53 

1,10,12,18,47,48-53 

46 
46 

1,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

45,48-53 

44 

15,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,48-53 

13,48-53 
43,44 

1,7,48-53 
38,48-53 

1,16,48-53 
47,48-53 



10,16 

26 

1,15,16,25 

2,16 

27 

8,16 

24 

21 

8,16 
14 
27 
27 

16 
1,10,16 



1,2,16 

5,16 

1,8,16 

30 
30 

1,15,16,27 

2,16 
26 



28 
27 
27 



1,15,16,24 

2,16 

26 

8,16 

26 

24 

5 

13 

1,10,16 



16 



6 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Census of 
Agriculture 




Statistical Data 
for all Counties, 
States, and the 
United States. 

(Printed Reports, Computer Tapes, 
Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM) 
Diskettes) 




For further information call (301) 763-1113 



BITSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

ill iiiiiiiiiiiii 

3 9999 06313 563 4 



PUBLICATION PROGRAM 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Results of the 1987 Census of Agriculture are being published 
in a series of reports which provide data for each county (or 
equivalent), each State, the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, 
the Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, and the 
Northern Mariana Islands. The publications include statistics on 
the number of farms; land in farms; farm and operator character- 
istics; livestock, poultry, and their products; crop production and 
value; operating expenditures; irhgation; and other characteris- 
tics of farms. 

Publication order forms may be obtained from Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233, any U.S. Department of Commerce 
district office, or by calling (301) 763-1113. 

ADVANCE REPORTS (AC87-A-01 -000(A) TO 56-000(A) 

Advance Reports are published separately for each county (or 
equivalent) in the United States with 10 farms or more, for each 
State, and the United States. The reports contain data for all 
agricultural operations with $1,000 or more in actual or potential 
sales of agricultural products in the census year. The Advance 
Reports contain final data for major data items together with 
comparable data from the 1982 census. Included in the reports 
are data on number of farms, land in farms, size of farms, land 
use practices, farm operator characteristics, sales expenditures, 
machinery and equipment, livestock, poultry, dairy products sold, 
and major crops harvested (which vary by State). No advance 
reports are available for Puerto Rico, Guam, or the U.S. Virgin 
Islands. 

VOLUME 1. GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 
(AC87-A-1 TO 56) 

State and County Data (A-1 to 50) are published showing 
detailed data in national and State tables for the United States, 
and in county and State tables separately for each State. These 
reports include data on number and size of farms; crop produc- 
tion; livestock, poultry, and their products; tenure, age, and 
occupation of operators; types of organization; value of products 
sold; and standard industrial classification of farms. 

Summary and State Data (A-51) 

• Chapter 1 . National level data 

• Chapter 2. State level data 

Outlying Areas (A-52 to 56) provide detailed data for the 
regions and municipios of Puerto Rico; the election districts of 
Guam; the U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa; and Northern 
Mariana Islands. 

VOLUME 2. SUBJECT SERIES (AC87-S-1 TO 6) 

Agricultural Atlas of the United States (AC87-S-1), formerly 
the Graphic Summary, presents a profile of the Nation's agricul- 
ture in a series of dot and multicolor pattern maps. The maps 
provide displays on size and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, 
market value of products sold, crops harvested, livestock inven- 
tories, and other characteristics of farms. 

Coverage Evaluation (AC87-S-2) provides national and regional 
level estimates on the completeness of the census, in terms of 
both the number of farms missed and selected characteristics of 
those farms. 

Ranking of States and Counties (AC87-S-3) presents the 
ranking of the top 20 States and the top 100 counties of 
importance of selected items from the 1 987 census. Comparative 
data from the 1982 census are included in most tables. Tables 
also show cumulative totals for States and counties. 



History (AC87-S-4) is a concise description of the major 
census operations together with facsimiles of selected data 
tables. It explains the history of the agriculture census, farm 
definition, data collection and processing, and dissemination of 
census data. 

Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural 
Products Sold (AC87-S-5) shows detailed data for farms cross- 
tabulated by combined market value of agricultural products sold 
and Government payments received, including detailed national 
data and selected data for each State. 

ZIP Code Tabulations of Selected Items From the 1987 
Census of Agriculture (AC87-S-6) provides tabulations by five- 
digit ZIP Code for selected items from the 1987 census. Data 
items include number of farms, land in farms, farms by size, 
market value of agricultural products sold by size of sale, 
livestock inventory, cropland harvested, and selected crops. 

VOLUME 3. RELATED SURVEYS (AC87-RS-1 AND 2) 

The Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey (AC87-RS-1) pro- 
vides statistical data collected from a sample of farm operations 
from the 1987 Census of Agriculture. The publication offers 
information on acres irrigated, land use, yields of specified crops, 
methods of water distribution, quantity of water used by its 
source, and other irrigation practices. 

Agrk:ultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey (AC87- 
RS-2) provides data on indebtedness, expenditures, income and 
assets for both farm operators and landlords. This report also 
includes measures of credit used for purchases and expendi- 
tures, debt by type of lender, assets, off-farm income, and other 
land ownership data. 

VOLUME 4. CENSUS OF HORTICULTURAL 
SPECIALTIES (AC87-HOR-1) 

This report includes detailed information on the horticultural 
establishments with production and sales of $2,000 or more. It 
provides data on number of establishments, value of sales of 
horticultural products, type of horticultural products, and kinds of 
horticultural businesses, for the United States, States, and 
counties. 

ELECTRONIC MEDIA 

Flexible Diskette— The Advance Reports of the 1987 Census 
of Agriculture are available on flexible diskettes. The files can be 
used with any compatible microcomputer employing the PC-DOS 
2.0 or higher operating system. Diskettes can be obtained by 
calling (301) 763-4100. 

Computer Tapes — Public-use computer tapes contain the 
same summary statistics that are found in the published reports. 
Two files are available for each State: data for counties and the 
aggregated State-level data. Order forms may be obtained from 
the Data User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of 
the Census, Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM)— Data for the 
conterminous United States and Puerto Rico are available on 
CD-ROM. The CD-ROM can be obtained from the Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Online Access— National and State level data from the 1987 
Census of Agriculture are available on CENDATA through two 
information vendors— CompuServe and DIALOG. In addition, the 
advance reports, highlights of the Subject Series, and Related 
Surveys reports, are available online from AGRIDATA. For infor- 
mation on these services call (301) 763-4100.