(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "1987 census of agriculture"

Census of 
Agriculture 



AC87-A-39 



Volume 1 

GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 



Part 39 

Rhode Island 

state and County Data 



?ropo 




s t5.S. G'^^'^^- 



.TO©^^ 



.^1 

Hern ^-^ 



MK( r»» 




U.S. Department of Commerce 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 



This report was prepared in the Agriculture Division. Many 
other divisions contributed to this preparation: Data Preparation 
performed the clerical processing; Administrative Services pro- 
vided the forms design and other administrative services; Publi- 
cations Services contributed in publication planning and design, 
editorial review, composition, and printing procurement; Com- 
puter Services provided the computer processing facilities; Field 
provided selected data collection activities; Economic Program- 
ming prepared the computer programs; and Economic Surveys 
assisted in preparation of data collection and processing proce- 
dures and computer programs. 

Members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agriculture 
Statistics and representatives of both public and private 



organizations made significant recommendations which helped 
establish data content. 

Members of various agencies of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture provided valuable advice in the planning, publicizing, 
and processing phases of the census, and in helping farmers and 
ranchers complete the report forms. 

The press, farm magazines, radio and television stations, and 
farm organizations were most helpful in publicizing the census 
and encouraging cooperation of farm and ranch operators. 

Special tribute is paid to the millions of farm and ranch 
operators who furnished the information requested. Only through 
their cooperation was it possible to collect and publish the data in 
this report. 



If you have any questions concerning the statistics in this report, call: 

(301) 763-8555 Division Chief 

(301) 763-8567 Crops Branch 

(301) 763-8569 Livestock Branch 

(301) 763-8566 Farm Economics Branch 

(301) 763-1113 General Information 
(301) 763-8558 Statistical Methodology 



c ^ 


v^ 


w "i^yv i/p-i- . 


5ycy^ 




GOVDOC 
C3.31/4: 

ni/i/- 1 

?\M /ch. 


■ 1 




VOLUME 1 
g^^ GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 


1987 






ml 


V 


Census of 
Agriculture 

AC87-A-39 
Changed November 1989 



CHANGE SHEET 



^^H. 1 1990 



Rhode Island y'^^*''^^'^'^^mt;^Uhfrfrf 

Following are changes to the 1987 Census of Agriculture volume 1 publications: ^<gsrt .« ' '"wn 



Table 17 Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, 
and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see inlroduclory texl] 





Female operators 


Operalors ol 
Spanish origin' 




Characlerislics 


Black 


American Indian 


Asian 


Other 
(see text) 


1987 OPERATOR CHARACTERtSTICS 

Operators by days of work off farm: 

Any 

100 10 199 days 


- 


^ 











See chapter 1. table 16, tor operators not ot c 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARV | 
GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS DEPARTMENT 

ocrrr!\"::n 



t 



SEP 5 2000 



/ , 3iZ \ U.S. Departnnent of Comnnerce 
; 1^-f ; BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 



Table 18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Value ol selected capital 
assets', average per (arm 


SIC code 


assets', average per farm 
(dollars) 




buildings 


Machinery and 
equipmenl 


Land and 
buildings 


Machinery and 
equipment 




547 505 
(D) 

(D) 

428 443 

667 643 
388 096 

425 138 

297 824 
287 429 
238 500 

341 227 

931 880 
(D) 
(D) 


45 965 

(D) 

(D) 

25 473 

62 593 

19 135 

43 598 

26 280 
It 1^7 

26 127 
12 333 

98 748 
(D) 
(D) 




(D) 
306 771 

233 082 
255 953 
385 923 

134 938 

276 333 

342 647 
227 500 

(0) 
207 097 
223 297 
183 120 

934 615 








26 980 




(021) 




Rice (0112) -- 

Corn (01 15) 

Soybeans (0116) 


19 749 

20 663 












Field crops, excepi cash grams (013) 






General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 
specialties (0219) 






28 747 




Poultry and eggs (025) 

Broiler (ryer and roaster chickens (0251) 




t?,shpoiaroes(oi34). :..'."":"::::::"" 




Field crops, excepi cash grains, nee (0139) 

Vegetables and melons (015) 




Chicken eggs (0252) 


98 43^,) 




Poultry hatcheries (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, nee, (0259)... 

Animal specialties (027) 






(D) 


Cllrus fruils (0174) 


14 018 


Fruits and tree nuts, n.ec (0179) 


Horses and other equines (0272).. 

Animal aquacullure (0273) 

Animal specialties, nee (0279) 

General (arms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 


20 949 
3 760 


Ornamental (loncullure and nursery products (0181)... 
Food crops grown under cover (0162) 


32 885 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 



(For meaning ol abbrevial 


ons and symbols, see inlro 


uclory text! 


















m 


All (arms 


Farms with sales 


ol $10,000 or mor 






Total 


Full ovmers 


Part owners 


Tenants 


Total 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Tenants 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold... 


farms.. 

number.. 


24 
169 934 


163 296 


(D) 


(D) 


,„.;; 


161 789 


(0) 


,o1 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, 









Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


Other than 


family held 


Other- 
cDoperative. 




Tota, 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


inslilutional! 


POULTRY 




159 9^2 


58 595 




111 33^ 


111 339 


111 339 


- 






number.. 





Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 



(For meaning ol ab 


reviations a 


d symbols, see introductory text] 






















Item 




and other 
occupations 


Farming 




Total 


Age of operator ( 


ears) 










Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


POULTRY 






159 934 


16 

166 141 






(D) 




40 150 


(D) 




6 






number.. 





2 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Other occupations 


Item 


Total 


Age ol operator (years) 




Under 25 


25 to 34 


35 to 44 


45 to 54 


55 to 64 


65 and over 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold farms.. 

number.. 


8 
3 793 






3 
3 486 


- 


(D) 


(D) 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Item 


Total 


1 to 9 
acres 


'°a?res 


50 to 69 


'° acres 


100 to 139 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold farms.. 


24 
169 934 


6 
35 588 


23 601 


5 05i 


5 
12 126 


(D) 


Item 


140 to 179 
acres 




180 1 


219 


^^° 'acres 


260 to 499 
acres 


500 to 999 
acres 


1,000 to 1.999 


2.000 acres or 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


farms.. 

number.. 


2 

(D) 




: 


- 


(D) 







Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, i 







All farms 


$500,000 or more 
















Hem 


$1.000.0()0 


Total 


$250,000 to 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 


$49,999 


POULTRY 


24 
169 934 


(D) 


(D) 


2 

(D) 


3 
26 000 


3 
9 988 






(D) 


Item 


$25,000 to 


$20,000 10 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


$6,000 to 
$9,999 


$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


number.. 








5 
1 124 


,o1 


6 

101 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see mtroduclory text) 







Total 


Cashg^ihs 


F,e,c 


crops, excep 


t cash grains (013) 


(016) 




Item 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


°(o1'32') 


Sugarcane 

and sugar beets, 

Insh potatoes: 

field crops, 

except cash 

0139) 


Fruits and 


POULTRY 

Hens and pullets sold 


number.. 


24 














(D) 






Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 


General farms, 
pnman,crop 


Livestock, except d« 
and animal spe 


iry, poultry. 


Dairy farms 
(024) 


Poullry 


specialties 
(027) 


General farms. 




Total 


Beef cattle, 

except feedlols 

(0212) 


livestock 

and animal 

specialties 

(029) 


POULTRY 






2 

(D) 


5 
57 


(D) 


(D) 


15 
169 733 











1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



RHODE ISLAND 3 



U.S. Department of Commerce 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Washington, D.C. 20233 

Official Business 

Penalty for Private Use, $300 




First Class Mail 



Following are changes to appendix C: 



Reliability Estimates for 
Number of Farms in a County 
Reporting a Complete Count 
Item: 1987 



Table C. Reliability Estimates for 

Number of Farms in a County 
Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Farms 


Relalive standard 


Number ol larrr 


s reporting 


85 












26 




2 1 


200 

































Farms 


Relative standard 
error ol estimate 


Number of farms reporting: 






S 
9 








100 


1 


150 


S 


















1 000 




1 500 


(NA) 













Table G. New England States Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the Mail List: 
1987 

iluation estimates, minor errors in estimates and relative standard errors were discovered for selected data tlems m some States Corrected estimates 
, Part 2. Coverage Evaluatiorfi 




1987 

Census of 
Agriculture 



AC87-A-39 

Volume 1 
GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 

Part 39 

Rhode Island 

state and County Data 






' 1 



StS>^^^ \ 



Issued March 1989 



\M/ 



^Ans(^ 



U.S. Department of Commerce 

Robert A. Mosbacher, Secretary 

Robert Ortner, Under Secretary 

for Economic Affairs 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 




BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

C. L. Kincannon, Deputy Director 



Charles A. Waite, Associate Director for 

Economic Programs 

Roger H. Bugenhagen, Assistant Director for 

Economic and Agriculture Censuses 

Thomas L. Mesenbourg, Cliief, 
Economic Census Staff 

AGRICULTURE DIVISION 
Charles P. Pautler, Jr., Chief 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Census of agriculture (1987). Geographic area series. 
1 987 census of agriculture. Geographic area series. 

Includes indexes. 

Supt. of Docs, no.: 3.31/4:987/v.1 

1. Agriculture — Economic aspects — United States — 
Statistics. 2. Agriculture — Economic aspects — United 
States— States— Statistics. 3. Agriculture— Economic 
aspects — United States — Territories and possessions 
—Statistics. I. United States. Bureau of the Census. 
II. Title. 
HD1769.C46 1987 338.1 •0973'021 88-600103 



For sale by Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government 
Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Introduction VII 

Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 — 1 



FIGURES 

1. State Map 2 

2. Profile of State's Agriculture: 1987 3 

3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 4 

4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 4 

5. Land Use: 1987 5 

6. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 5 

7. Value of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 6 

8. Production Expenses: 1987 6 



TABLES 

CHAPTER 1. State Data 

1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 7 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 9 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 10 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 12 

5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 13 

6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 14 

7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 15 

8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 and 1982 16 

9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 16 

10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrigated Farms: 1987 and 1982 17 

11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 18 

12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 18 

14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, and 1978 19 

16. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms and Farms Operated by 

Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 20 

17. Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish Origin, and Specified Racial 

Groups: 1987 and 1982 21 

18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 23 

19. Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 24 

20. Livestock and Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 25 

21. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 25 

22. Broilers and Started Pullets-Sales: 1987 and 1982 26 

23. Poultry- Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 26 

24. Turkeys-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 27 

25. Cattle and Calves -Inventory: 1987 and 1982 27 

26. Cattle and Calves -Sales: 1987 and 1982 28 

27. Cattle and Calves -Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 28 

28. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 29 

29. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 29 

30. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 30 

31. Cattle and Calves-Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 30 

32. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 30 

33. Hogs and Pigs-Sales: 1987 and 1982 31 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS III 



Page 

34. Hogs and Pigs- Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 31 

35. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 31 

36. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory and Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 32 

37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Farrowed: 1987 32 

38. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 32 

39. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 33 

40. Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 33 

41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products -Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 34 

42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 35 

43. Specified Crops Harvested— Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 __ - 35 

44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 36 

45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 * 

46. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of Sales: 1987 and 

1982 — 37 

47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1 987 38 

48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 40 

49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 49 

50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 58 

51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 76 

52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 94 

53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 112 

CHAPTER 2. County Data 

1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 - 130 

2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 and 

1982 131 

3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 133 

4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm-Related Income, and 
Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 134 

5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 135 

6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 137 

7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 138 

8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 139 

9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987 and 1982 140 

10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 and 1982 141 

11. Cattle and Calves- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 - 143 

12. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 145 

13. Sheep and Horses- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 146 

14. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 147 

15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 148 

16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 149 

17. Milk Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 154 

18. Angora Goats- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 * 

19. Mink and Their Pelts- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

20. Colonies of Bees and Honey- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 — 154 

21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 

22. Miscellaneous Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 154 

23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 155 

24. Grains-Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 155 

25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and Peanuts: 1987 and 1982 _ 156 

26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 156 

27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 157 

28. Fruits and Nuts: 1987 and 1982 160 

29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 161 

30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale: 1987 and 1982 161 

31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 

32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 1987 and 1982 

33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 — — * 

34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 163 

35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 - * 

36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 * 



IV CONTENTS 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Page 

APPENDIXES 

A. General Explanation A-1 

B. Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program B-1 

C. Statistical Methodology C-1 

D. Report Form and Information Sheet - D-1 

Index Index 1 

Publication Program Inside back cover 

'Not published for this State. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE CONTENTS V 



INTRODUCTION 



Page 

HISTORY VII 

USES OF THE CENSUS VII 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED VII 

FARM DEFINITION VII 

COMPARABILITY OF DATA VII 

TABULAR PRESENTATION VII 

ADVANCE REPORTS VIM 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION VIM 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS VIM 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES VIM 

INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES DATA VIII 

ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS VIII 



fifth year after 1983 covering the prior year. The 1987 
census includes each State, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the 
Virgin Island of the United States. A census of agriculture 
will be conducted in American Samoa and the Common- 
wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in conjunction with 
the 1 990 Census of Population and Housing. 

FARM DEFINITION 



HISTORY 

The 1 987 Census of Agriculture is the 23d taken by the 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. The 
first agriculture census was taken in 1840 as part of the 
sixth decennial census of population. From 1840 to 1950, 
an agriculture census was taken as part of the decennial 
census. A separate mid-decade census of agriculture was 
conducted in 1925, 1935, and 1945. From 1954 to 1974, a 
census of agriculture was taken for the years ending in 4 
and 9. In 1976, Congress authorized the census of agri- 
culture to be taken for 1 978 and 1 982 to adjust the data 
reference year so that it coincided with the economic 
censuses covering manufacturing, mining, construction, 
retail trade, wholesale trade, service industries, and selected 
transportation activities. This adjustment in timing estab- 
lished the agriculture census on a 5-year cycle collecting 
data for years ending in 2 and 7. 

USES OF THE CENSUS 

The census of agriculture is the leading source of 
statistics about the Nation's agricultural production and the 
only source of consistent, comparable data at the county. 
State, and national levels. Census statistics are used by 
Congress in developing and changing farm programs and 
for determining the effects of these programs. Many 
national and State programs are designed or allocated on 
the basis of census data, such as funds for extension 
services, research, and soil conservation projects. Private 
industry uses census statistics to provide a more effective 
production and distribution system for the agricultural 
community. 

AUTHORITY AND AREA COVERED 

The census of agriculture is required by law under Title 
13, United States Code, sections 142(a) and 191, which 
directs that a census be taken in 1 979, 1 983, and in every 



Since 1850, when minimum criteria defining a farm for 
census purposes first were established, the farm definition 
has been changed nine times. The current definition, first 
used for the 1974 census, is any place from which $1,000 
or more of agricultural products were produced and sold or 
normally would have been sold during the census year. 
The farm definition used for the outlying areas varies 
according to area. The report for each area includes a 
discussion of the farm definition. 



COMPARABILITY OF DATA 

Data on acreages and inventories for 1987 and 1982 
are generally comparable. Dollar figures shown for expenses 
and agricultural product sales are expressed in current 
dollars and have not been adjusted for inflation or defla- 
tion. In general, data for censuses since 1974 are not fully 
comparable with data for 1 969 and earlier censuses due to 
changes in the farm definition. 

The 1978 U.S., region, and State data shown in the 
1978 Census of Agriculture publications included data for 
farms on the mail list plus estimates from an area sample 
for farms not on the mail list. For comparability, the 1978 
data in the 1987 publications include only farms on the 
mail list. 



TABULAR PRESENTATION 

State data— Tables 1 through 47 in chapter 1 show 
detailed State-level data usually accompanied by historical 
data for one or more past censuses. Tables 48 through 53 
provide 1 987 State data cross-tabulated by various farm 
classifications. 

County data— Chapter 2 presents selected data items 
by county. Tables 1 through 1 6 include general data for all 
counties. The counties are listed in alphabetical order in 
the column headings. Tables 17 through 36 include only 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INTRODUCTION VII 



counties reporting the data item. Counties not having the 
item, or with a limited number of farms reporting the item, 
have data combined and presented as "all other counties." 

ADVANCE REPORTS 

Advance reports of 1 987 census data have been pub- 
lished separately for each county with 10 farms or more, 
each State, and the United States. This series provided, at 
the earliest possible date, final data on major data items 
together with comparable final data from the 1982 census. 
Data items are standard across States except information 
on selected crops harvested, which vary by State accord- 
ing to their relative importance in the State. 

ELECTRONIC DATA DISSEMINATION 

The volume 1 data are available on computer tapes and 
compact disc. The advance report data are available on 
computer tapes, computer diskettes, and through elec- 
tronic data services such as the AGRIDATA network, the 
CENDATA package on Dialog, CompuServe on-line ser- 
vices, and the Census Bureau's State Data Center Bulletin 
Board. Computer tapes, diskettes, and compact discs are 
sold by the Customer Services Branch, Data User Services 
Division, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233 
(telephone (301) 763-4100). 

SPECIAL TABULATIONS 

Custom designed tabulations can be developed to 
individual user specifications on a programming cost reim- 
bursable basis. Inquiries about special tabulations should 
be directed to the Chief, Agriculture Division, Bureau of the 
Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. 

CENSUS DISCLOSURE RULES 

In keeping with the provisions of Title 13, United States 
Code, no data are published that would disclose the 
operations of an individual farm. However, the number of 



farms in a given size category or other classification, such 
as size of farm, is not considered a release of confidential 
information and is provided even though other information 
is withheld. 



INVENTORIES, PRODUCTION, AND SALES 
DATA 

Inventories of livestock, poultry, and machinery and 
equipment are measured as of December 31 of the census 
year. Crop and livestock production, sales, and expense 
data are for the calendar year, except for a few crops (such 
as citrus) for which the production year overlaps the 
calendar year. 



ABBREVIATIONS AND SYMBOLS 

The following abbreviations and symbols are used through- 
out the tables: 

Represents zero. 

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual 

farms. 

(IC) Independent city. 

(NA) Not available. 

(S) Withheld because estimate did not meet pub- 

lication standards on the basis of either the 
response rate (associated relative standard 
error) or a consistency review. 

(X) Not applicable. 

(Z) Less than half of the unit shown. 

cwt Hundredweight. 

sq ft Square feet. 



VIII INTRODUCTION 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Highlights of the State's Agriculture: 1987 and 1982 

[Dollar figures are in current dollars with no adjustment for price changes. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory t 







acres ' 








Value of land and buildings': 




dollars 






rinllars 


Farms by size: 






1 000 to 1 999 acres 










Im ated land 




farms" 


Market value of agricultural products sold 


$1,000.. 


Crops, including nursery and 


greenhouse crops 


:::::::::::::;:::::-$?S?:: 








Tobacco 




:::;::::::::::::;:: $i;o55:: 



Fnjits, nuts, and bemes 

Nursery and greentiouse crops. 
Ottier crops..- 



Livestock, poultry, and tfieir products . 

Poultry and poultry products 

Dairy products 

Cattle and calves... 

Hogs and pigs 

Sheep, lambs, and wool 

Other livestock and livestock produc 



Farms by type of organization: 
Individual or family {sole prop 

Partnership 

Corporation 

Other— cooperative, estate oi 



Operators by principal occupation: 



Operators by days worked off farm; 
200 days or more 



Average age of operator 
Total farm production 

Selected farni production < 



Feed for livestock and poultry . 

Commercial fertilizer^ 

Agricultural chemicals^ 

Petroleum products 

Hired farm labor 



$1,000 
$1,000. 
$1,000. 
$1,000 
$1,000 
$1,000 
$1,000 



Livestock and poultry inventory: 



Hogs and pigs 

Chickens 3 months old or older . 



Selected crops harvested: 



Corn for grain or seed 


.- farms- 
acres. 


Com for silage or green chop 

Irish potatoes 


.. farms, 
acres, 
farms 


acres. 
Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, etc. (see 




awes- 







37 786 
53 903 
26 685 



1 929 
1 666 
20 786 



8 997 

123 

3 872 



^Data for 1 982 do not include imputation for item 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



RHODE ISLAND 1 



Figure 1 . State Map 



RHODE ISLAND 



CONNECTICUT 



MASSACHUSETTS 



PROVIDENCE 





WASHINGTON A 

(PART) / ) 



& 



2 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figure 2. Profile of state's Agriculture: 1987 



1 to 49 acres 
50 to 1 79 acres 


' ■- ■ '^ ^'J^^V t' " "'" 


-i , . , 


Farms by size 




1 54-4 

j4 4 


180 to 499 acres j j 94 






500 to 999 acres H i.e 






1 ,000 to 1 ,999 acres 1 o.3 






2,000 acres or more 


0.0 






Less than $2,500 
$2,500 to $9,999 


: 23.0 


r^J.,4 


Farms by value of 
products sold 


$10,000 to $49,999 


■ilil 17.1 


$50,000 to $99,999 j J 7.8 






$100,000 to $249,999 j '"^ 6.1 






$250,000 or more j | 4.6 






Less than $40,000 

$40,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 


■•'■■"'■■■■I 9.1 

yi .3.2 


1 ex 7 


Farms by value of 
land and buildings 


;;iill 16.7 


|54.7 


$1,000,000 or more [ , „, 






Other 
Corporation 


il.3 




Farms by type of 
organization 




Partnership [ 
Individual or family 




T380.9 


Full owner 

Part owner ! : 21.8 


— — 


_J 67 6 Operators by 
tenure 


Tenant j ; ^og 






None i iii^^^^^^g 
1 to 99 days 1 8 


M37.8 


Operators working 
off farm 


100 to 199 days 

200 days or more 

Not reported 


11.1 


^B 374 




"n- 




Farming 
Other 

( 




9.2 


Operators by 
principal occupation 

1 1 1 1 1 


1 1 1 1 1" ■ V" 


1 ■' 1 ■■" 1 ' 1 1 1 


) 10 20 30 


40 50 60 


70 80 9 






Percent of farms 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



RHODE ISLAND 3 



Figure 3. Percent of Farms and of Value of Products Sold: 1987 



Value of sales 
Less than $10,000 

$10,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 or more 




Number of farms 



Value of agricultural 
products sold 



10 



20 



30 40 

Percent 



Figure 4. Farms by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1959 to 1987 

(Farms) 



1400 — 



I $100,000 or more 
I $40,000 to $99,999 
] $10,000 to $39,999 
] Less than $10,000 



1974 
Census year 



1982 1987 



4 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Figure 5. Land Use: 1987 



Land use 
Total acres =58,1 



Cropland 



Pastureland and 

rangeland 

5.7% 



Woodland 
38.8% 



Other cropland— cover, crops failed, y"^ 

and summer fallow , 

2.6% / 

Cropland idle 

9.3% y' 
Cropland pasture. 
17.3° 




Cropland harvested 

70.8% 






Figures. Selected Crops Harvested: 1987 

(Thousands of acres) 



10 




Hay— all 
types 







Nursery and Corn for silage 

greenhouse 



Vegetables Insh potatoes Land in 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



RHODE ISLAND 5 



Figure 7. Value Of Livestock and Poultry Sold: 1987 

State total = $11,100,000 



Poultry and poultry products 
37.8% 



All other livestock 
5.1% 




Cattle and calves 
9.0% 



Dairy products 
43.0% 



Figure 8. Production Expenses: 1987 



Livestock purchased 



Feed purchased 



Fertilizer/ 
Chemicals/Seeds 



Labor — Hired/Contract 



Energy cost 



Interest expense 







3.7 

3.5 


-— — 




iiiiiii 




1.1 
























1 




jl.9 
^ 1 




;; 1.3 




1 


1 


1 


8.1 



Millions of dollars 



6 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table 1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 



introductory text] 



Value of land and buildings': 

Average per farm dollars- 
Average per acre dollars. 

Estimated market value of 



Total cropland 

Harvested cropland _ 



Irrigated land. 



fularket value of agncultural 

products sold2 $1,000. 

Average per farm. dollars. 

Crops, including nursery 
and greenfiouse crops -. $1,000. 
Livestock, poultry, and 
ttieir products $1,000, 

Farms by value of sales^; 

Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $4.999 



$10,000 to $24,999''.. 
$25,000 to $49,999=.. 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 to $499,999. 



Farms by type of 
organization: 
Individual or family (sole 

proprietorsflip) 

Partnership 

Corporation 

Other -cooperative, 
estate or trust. 



200 days c 



Other , 

Average age of operator*. 
Total farm production 



Selected farm production 
Livestock and poultry 



Feed for livestock < 



Livestock and poultry: 
Cattle and calves 
inventory __ farms. 



Hogs and pigs inventory- 
Hogs and pigs sold 



See footnotes at end of table. 



205 794 
58 714 



18 139 
12 237 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



12 121 
10 074 



5 029 

34 

5 60S 



10 132 

39 

10 015 



8 775 

55 

8 720 



3 142 
(NA) 
(NA) 



9 474 

82 

5 90S 



RHODE ISLAND 7 



Table 1. Historical Highlights: 1987 and Earlier Census Years-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



All farms 


1987 


1982 


1978 


1974 


1969 


1964 


1959 


1954 


Selected crops harvested: 




















Irish potatoes . — farms.. 




22 


21 


35 




(NA) 


89 


152 


313 


acres.. 




1 410 


2 879 


3 535 


4 344 


(NA) 


4 925 


4 895 


3 806 






259 958 


703 350 


915 076 


932 755 


(NA) 


922 699 


1 055 855 


740 198 


Hay -alfalfa, other tame, 




















small grain, wild, grass 




















silage, green chop, etc. 




















(see text) farms.. 




291 


340 


318 


272 


303 


15'^1 


19'^3^^ 


20*774 






8 126 


9 296 


10 623 


8 689 


8 785 


tons, dry]] 




14 125 


17 708 




17 421 


17 300 


24 820 


37 326 


38 224 






















sale (see text)'" farms.. 




99 


120 


135 


123 




156 




238 






1 947 


1 908 


2 208 


1 891 


2 088 


1 661 


1 495 


1 810 


Land in orchards farms.. 




83 


79 


62 


50 


46 


85 


122 


247 


acres.. 




856 


827 


702 


668 


779 


835 


1 106 


1 831 


'Data are based on a sample of farms. 
















^Data for 1 974 and pnor years include tf 


e value of forest products sold. 












'Data for 1982 and pnor years exclude a 
















'Data for 1959 are for $10,000 or more. 
















'Data for 1954 are for $25,000 or more. 
















'Data for 1974 apply only to individual o 


family operations (sole proprietorship) and partnerships; see text. 










'Data for 1 987 include cost of custom applications; data for agricultura 




the cost of lime for 1987 and 1982. 








'Data for 1982 do not include imputation 


for item nonresponse. 














'Data for 1964 and prior years 


are for c 


ickens 4 months old or older. 















8 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Total sales (see text) farms 

$1,000 
Average per farm dollars 

Value of sales': 
Less tfian $1,000 (see texl) farms, 

$1,000 
$1,000 to $2,499 farms, 

$1,000 
$2,500 to $4,999 farms 

$1,000 
$5,000 to $9,999 .._ - farms 

$1,000 
$10,000 to $19,999 farms 

$1,000 

$20,000 to $24,999 _ - farms. 

$1,000 
$25,000 to $39,999 - farms 

$1,000 
$40,000 to $49,999 farms 

$1,000 
$50,000 to $99,999 farms 

$1,000 

$100,000 to $249,999- farms 

$1,000 
$250,000 to $499,999 farms 

$1,000 
$500,000 to $999,9992 _ farms 

$1,000 
$1,000,000 or more farms 

$1 ,000 

Sales by commodity or commodity group: 

Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse crops farms 

$1,000. 

Grains farms 

$1,000 
Com for grain farms 

$1,000, 
Wheat farms 

$1 ,000, 
Soybeans farms 

$1 ,000 

Sorgflum for grain _ farms 

$1,000 
Barley farms 

$1 ,000 
Oats farms 

$1,000 
other grains^ __ farms 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 
Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 
Hay, silage, and field seeds ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
Vegetables, sweet com, and melons _.. farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 
Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 
Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Livestock, poultry, and their products __. farms. 

$1,000. 
Poultry and poultry products ._ farms. 

$1,000. 
Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1 ,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products (see text) famis. 



20 786 

23 

1 764 



6 907 

8 

2 960 

11 944 



'Data for 1982 and 1978 exclude abnormal farms. 
'Data for 1982 and 1978 are for $500,000 or more 
'Data for 1982 include barley. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 9 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample of farms: see text 


For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 
















1987 


1982 








Farms 


($1,000) 


1978 






702 

218 
187 
143 
61 
37 
35 
9 
12 

248 
(X) 
(X) 

139 
74 
13 
12 
6 
3 

393 
(X) 
(X) 

140 
156 
31 
29 
21 

5 
3 

219 

!^ 

88 
57 
19 
25 

17 
6 

7 

237 
(X) 
(X) 

96 
59 
47 

2 

15 

(X) 
(X) 

178 
64 

24 
13 

3 

5 

355 
(X) 
(X) 

206 
53 
63 
18 
9 

2 

659 

454 
153 

?l 
9 

1 


29 1^1 
42 359 

609 

1 342 

2 039 
2 019 

2 684 
5 484 

3 312 
12 247 

(X) 
1 146 

79 

(0) 
(D) 

(X) 

3 684 

12.4 

343 
253 
545 
704 
508 
411 
879 

9.6 

21 

432 

530 

408 

1 200 

13g 

21 
37 

i 

,3^5 
4.5 

35 
46 
244 
164 

185 

129 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 
778 

27 
34 
139 

IC! 

155 
(D) 

(X) 
1 390 

140 
337 
183 
267 
(D) 

(D) 




(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

s 

(NA) 

262 

1 271 
(NA) 

137 
80 

25 

426 
5 347 
(NA) 

132 
177 

80 

9 

238 
4 227 
(NA) 

63 
83 
23 
56 
13 

262 
1 021 
(NA) 

142 
45 
51 

7 
5 
12 

446 
1 125 
(NA) 

230 
69 
96 
29 

647 
(NA) 

170 
40 
42 
12 

19 

725 
1 819 
(NA) 

506 
148 

40 
26 
5 


1 

{ 

i 

i 
{ 


s 
s 

240 
1 198 
(NA) 

109 
60 




$1.000.. 


Farms witfi expenses o(- 
$1 to $4 999 


$5 000 to $9 999 




$25,000 to $49,999 


$50 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $249 999 




$500,000 or more 






Farms witfi expenses of- 
$1 to $999.. 


$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 




$5,000 to $9,999 


$10,000 to $24 999' 


30 












$250,000 or more 


- 






400 
4 941 
(NA) 

142 
107 


Farms witll expenses of- 


$1,000.- 
percent of total- 




$5,000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $24 999' 


110 








$80,000 to $99 999 




SI 00 000 or more 




Commercially mixed formula feeds 

Farms witfi expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


farms.. 

$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 


307 
3 886 
(NA) 

120 
53 
51 
83 


$1 000 to $4 999 






$25 000 to $49 999 




" 










410 

(NA) 

239 
69 

70 
10 
^^ 


Farms wltti expenses of- 


$1.000__ 
percent of total. _ 






$5,000 to $9,999 - 


$10,000 to $19 999 
















Farms witfi expenses of- 


$1.000__ 
percent of total.. 


1 094 
(NA) 

189 






136 




$10,000 to $24 999' 


$25 000 to $29 999 










$100,000 or more 








431 
580 
(NA) 

268 
56 
78 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $499 


$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 




$1,000 to $4 999 


$5 000 to $9 999 






12 


$50,000 or more 




famts 




Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 


$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 


1 328 
(NA) 

430 
193 
26 
24 




$10,000 to $24 999' 


$25 000 to $39 999 


$40 000 to $49 999 




$50,000 or more 





See footnotes at end of table. 

10 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 -Con. 



[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 










1987 


1982 




Item 




Expenses 
($1,000) 


1978 


Total farm production expenses-Con. 

Electricity farms., 

$1,000._ 
percent of total- 
Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to $499.. 

$500 to $999 


(X) 

245 
82 
42 
66 

5 

214 

73 
40 
26 
26 
19 
7 
2 
21 

i 

18 
33 
9 
3 

1 
2 

588 

35 
29 
5 
5 

97 

!S 

67 
21 

3 

? 

239 
(X) 
(X) 

35 
22 

5 

177 
105 

40 
15 

5 
3 

635 
(X) 
(X) 

58 
88 
402 
70 
15 
2 


5^9 
18 

58 

191 
69 

iS 

9 5?^ 
32.1 

16 
104 
170 
(D) 
675 

!S 

7 529 

5'3^ 
1.8 

7 
69 
59 
56 

5.9 

130 
411 
218 
397 
191 
397 

(X) 
183 

.6 

22 
45 
28 

sg 

(X) 
1 298 

24 
283 
230 
295 
175 
291 

875 
423 

(X) 
786 
2,6 

8 

104 
107 
59 
197 
304 

1 lil 
6.0 

12 
62 
982 
475 


509 
526 
(NA) 

282 
89 
62 
60 

} 

269 
5 559 
(NA) 

77 
104 

} 

42 
118 
(NA) 

16 
20 

} * 

3 
S 

(NA) 

164 
(NA) 

86 
22 
4 

} 

(NA) 

52 
91 
29 

38 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

s 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

is 


401 
334 
(NA) 

210 










$5,000 to $9,999 

$10 000 to $24 999 


3 


$25 000 or more 








$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999.... 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5 000 to $9 999 


4«i 
(NA) 

76 

1i 


$10 000 to $24 999' 


i ^5 








$80 000 to $99 999 


-i 


$100 000 or more 








$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms witti expenses ot- 


76 
(NA) 


$1 000 to $4 999 


9 


$5,000 to $9.999 


3 






$50 000 or more 






B 


$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


$1 000 to $4 999 


NA 


$6 000 to $9 999 










NA 


$50 000 or more 


(NA) 


Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery and equipment^ farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Fanns with expenses of- 


104 
108 
(NA) 






$5 000 to $9 999 


3 


$10 000 to $24 999 






.| 


$50,000 or more 




Interest* farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total. . 
Farms with expenses of- 


(NA) 


$1,000 to $4,999 — 

$10 000 to $24 999 " 


(NA) 
(NA) 










$100,000 or more 




Interest paid on debt: 




Not secured by real estate 


(NA) 






$1.000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 


$1 000 to $4 999 


(NA) 


$5 000 to $9 999 






(NA) 






$50,000 or more 


(NA) 


Property taxes paid farms.. 

$1,000.. 
percent of total.. 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $499.- 


(NA) 




(NA) 


$5,000 to $9 999 


(NA) 


$10 000 to $24 999 




$25,000 or more 


(NA 



See footnotes at end of t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 11 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978-Con. 



[Data are based on a sample of farms; see lert. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. s< 


Be introductory text ] 












1987 


1982 




„em 


Famis 


($1,000) 


1978 


Total fanri production expenses -Con. 




624 
(X) 
(X) 

357 
173 

30 

17 


(X) 

12.0 

129 

224 
458 
572 

415 


(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 


$1 to $999 


$1.000.. 
percent of total- 


$1 000 to $4 999 








$50,000 to $99 999 


$100,000 or more 



'Data for 1978 are for $10,000 
'Data for 1987 include cost of • 
^Data for 1987 exclude cost of 
<Data for 1982 do not include ii 



applications; data for agricuttural chemicals exclude the cost of li 
commercial fertilizer and agricultural chemicals, 
nonresponse 



i for 1987 and 1982 



Table 4. Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales: 1987 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbfeviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



Item 


All fanns 


Farms with sales 
of $10,000 or more 


Farms with sales 
of less than $10,000 


Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm unit 


see text) farms- 

$1,000- 

rlnllxrc 


702 
7 443 
10 603 

2SS 

46 
72 
36 
43 
38 
50 

417 
2 763 
6 626 

73 
153 
130 
50 
5 
6 


232 
9 377 
40 420 

178 
9 934 
55 808 

24 
43 
38 
50 

54 

556 

10 303 

7 
20 
15 

8 


470 
-1 934 

-i 115 

107 

273 

2 549 

37 
58 
12 






$1,000- 


Gain of- 
Less than $1,000 


$1,000 to $4 999 


$5 000 to $9 999 




$25,000 to $49.999 




$50 000 or more 






363 
2 207 
6 079 

66 

133 
115 
42 

3 




$1,000.. 


Loss of- 
Less than $1,000 








$25,000 to $49 999 







I are included as farms v 



1 gains of less than $1,( 



12 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 5. Government Payments and Other Farm-Related Income: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see intnxJuctory text] 
















All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or more 




Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Government payments - _ 

Farms virith receipts of- 


1987.. 

1987.. 


(5^ 

30 

42 

7 

152 
(X) 

64 
72 
5 
9 
2 

30 

14 
11 
2 
3 

28 
20 

3 

64 
(X) 

37 
23 
2 

1 

42 
(X) 

14 
24 

2 

1 


39 
925 

10 

34 
5 

2 725 

21 
37 

IS! 

106 
78 

3 520 
2 154 

4 

i 

71 
1 392 

7 
28 

36 

112 

1 754 

12 
46 
(D) 

ss 

125 

2 985 

4 
50 

SB! 

(D) 


23 

m 

15 

1 

46 
(X) 

15 
20 

8 
2 

10 

2 

5 

3 
(X) 

2 

18 
(X) 

5 
10 

(X) 

10 
10 

2 


28 
1 226 


$1 000 to $4 999 


S! 














Or^l^S^r^ed-:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 
^ir^sSSr^-^"':. 


- 1987.. 

1987.. 

1987.. 

1987.. 


25 

259 
5 624 






$5,000 $9,999 

$10 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $49 999 


liow oi i^e^::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::::::::::: 




1987.. 

1982.. 
1987.. 

1982.. 


70 

6 980 
4 815 

IS 








54 










''-!?l^^r^c:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 


1987.. 

1987.. 


27 
6 744 

IB! 


$1 000 to $4999 






(D) 




^'l^rSl^r?'^^^'*^!™^!--::::::::::::::;::::::: 

'rtot99r'"^°'- 


1987.. 

1987.. 


72 
4 011 

2 


$. MO to $i:999 :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::;::::::::::: ::::::::::::: 




$5000 to $9 999 




$10,000 to $24 999 








°^^JIS^^^»":^^<--^::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

$1 to $999 


1987.. 

1987.. 


90 
3 900 

4 


$i,(^to$4^999: ::::::.::::::::::;:: 




l?i?SgJ'i<fil?k:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::-:::::-:--::::-: 


ici 


$25:000 0, more ...:....:::::::.:;:::.::.::-. 



3Data for 1987 are based c 



I sample of farms: data for 1982 are fwnsample and exclude abnormals from farms witti sales of $10,000 or more. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 13 



Table 6. Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


CCC loans 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




(X) 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


i 


(X) 

} - 

(NA) 
(X) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(X) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(X) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(X) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

'Tx! 

(NA) 
(NA) 


- 


Farms witti loans of- 
$1 to $999 




$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999. 


- 


$20,000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $49 999 








Corn 


(NA) 
(NA) 


$1 to $999 


$1,000 to $9.999 _....: 






"""^^'/Cver^^rfarm-:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::;" 






(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 






$25 COO or more 


Soybeans _ 


Farms with loans ol- 
$1 to $999 

$1 000 to $9 999 








^'^TieS^e'li^terr!.:::::::::::::::::;::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 


ll"lo$999°.^.".*° 


$10,000 to $24,999 


$25 000 or more 


Cotton.. 

Average per farm' 


$1 to $999 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

'Tx! 
In^J! 

(NA) 
(NA) 


$1 COO to $9 999 










Farms witti loans of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $9.999 


$25,000 or more 



'Data are in wftole dollars. 



14 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 7. Land Use and Acres Diverted: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Percent of total in 1987 



Total cropland 

I cropland _ 



100 to 199 acres. 

200 to 499 acres . 

500 to 999 acres - 

1 ,000 acres or mo 
1,000 to 1,999 a 
2,000 acres or n 











Cropland in cover crops, legumes, anc 


soil-improvement grasses, not 


farms 








acres- 








acres- 
farms 








acres- 








farms 










Woodland not pastured larmo 


Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland, etc. 


d woodland pastured ._ 


_. farms- 

acres. 

.. famis. 



3 639 

337 
20 168 



23 879 

106 

3 282 

297 

20 597 



iK!J! 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 15 



Table 8. Land in Farms, Harvested Cropland, and Irrigated Land, by Size of Farm: 1987 
and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Land in farms 

Farms by size: 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres _ 

70 to 99 acres 

too to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1,999 acres 

2,000 acres or more 

5.000 acres or more __. 

Farms witin fian/ested cropland 
Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres - 

1,000 to 1,999 acres , 

2.000 acres or more , 

5.000 acres or more .... 

Farms with irngated land 

Farms by size: 

1 to 9 acres .__ 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres , 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres. 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres 



6 245 

3 890 

5 517 

7 692 

6 296 

4 524 
2 400 



4 728 

3 213 

4 454 


5 360 

3 548 

4 377 
7 675 


5 856 
3 578 
2 400 


6 170 
5 062 
4 626 



Table 9. Irrigation: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irrigation 


19B7 


1982 


1978 


Farms with irrigation 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Farms number_. 

Proportion of farms __percent__ 


105 
15.0 

3 494 
33 

130 
23 

478 
10 

637 

473 


84 
11.5 

2 224 
26 

57 
147 

15 
312 

265 

5 

585 


78 
11.6 

2 801 
36 

42 

28 

668 

2 

(D) 

388 


Acres irrigated -Con. 


(D) 
(D) 

99 

3 116 

11 

378 

10 652 
7 086 
5 887 


915 

84 
1 828 

396 

9 988 
6 908 
5 942 






acres.. 
500 10 999 acres farms.. 


'°) 


Average per farm acres.. 


acres.. 


(D) 


Acres irrigated: 


acres.. 

Irngated land use: 
Harvested cropland farms- 
acres. . 
Pastureland and other land farms.. 

Land in irngated farms acres 


2 798 
,NA) 

8 210 


acres.. 
10 to 49 acres farms.. 

acres.. 
50 to 99 acres farms.. 

acres . 


100 to 199 acres farms.. 

acres.. 


Cropland acres.. 

Harvested cropland acres.. 


6 509 
5 658 



16 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 10. Selected Characteristics of Irrigated and Nonirrlgated Farms: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Nonirrlgated farms 



Land In farms _ — - acres-. 

Value of land and buildings^; 

Average per farm dollars-. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Irrigated land ._ acres.. 

Land in farms according to use: 
Total cropland farms.. 

Harvested cropland farms.. 

Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured _ farms.. 

acres.. 

Land set aside in federal fami programs farms.. 

Owned and rented land in farms: 
Owned land in farms farms.. 

Rented or leased land in farms farms.. 

acres.. 

liiarket value of agricultural products sold $1.000.. 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Crops, Including nursery and greentiouse crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Livestock, poultry, and tfielr products farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Total farm production expenses' $1,000.. 

Average per farm dollars- 
Livestock and poultry purcfiased farms.. 

$1,000_. 
Feed for livestock and poultry farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Commercial fertilizer^ farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Agricultural cfiemicals^ ._ farms.. 

$1,000-. 
Petroleum products farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Electricity farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Hired farm labor farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Contract labor farms.. 

$1.000.. 
, — farms.. 

$1.000.. 
J rental of macfilnery 
and equipment^ farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Interest* farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Casfi rent paid for land and buildings farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Property taxes paid farms.. 

$1.000.. 
All otfier farm production expenses farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Commodity Credit Corporation loans farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Government payments received farms.. 

$1,000. 
Otfier farm-related income' farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Estimated market value of all machinery and 

equipment' farms.. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm ...dollars. 

Inventory of livestock: 
Cattle and calves farms- 
number. 

Milk cows farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

Sheep and lambs farms. 



58 685 
420 279 



9 968 
521 029 



6 908 

84 

5 942 



7 570 
2 312 



(NA) 


251 


(NA) 


46 


(NA) 








(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


1 


(NA) 




(NA) 




68 


58 


5 430 


5 056 


9 859 


87 156 



339 624 
4 265 

(X) 



37 606 

176 

10 427 



'Data are based on a sa 
^Data for 1987 include c 
'Data for 1 987 exclude ( 
'Data for 1982 do not in 



I of custom applications. 

it of custom applications for c 

ide imputation for item nonresponse. 



I agricultural chemicals. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 17 



Table 11. Value of Land and Buildings: 1987, 1982, and 1978 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







1987 


1982 




Value ol land and buildings 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


1978 


Estimated market value of land and buildings 


farms 


702 
{X) 
(X) 
(X) 

64 
33 
97 

218 
117 
21 
16 

7 


(X) 

295 036 

420 279 

4 748 

1 324 
3 233 

2 548 
8 172 

16 058 

65 539 
73 009 
24 173 
52 930 
48 050 


729 

172 876 

237 141 

2 760 

97 
86 
126 

202 

} - 


674 

159 358 

236 436 

2 335 




$1,000__ 


Farms by value group. 
$1 to $39 999 


dollars.. 


$40 000 to $69 999 


121 
83 

100 
67 






$150 000 to $199 999 




$500,000 to $999,999 

$1 000 000 to $1 999 999 


58 




20 









Table 12. Value of Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Value of machinery and equipment 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




701 
(X) 

65 
157 
148 
116 
100 

53 

25 

15 

7 


25 178 
35 918 

157 

IS 

3 518 

2 921 
1 093 

3 068 
3 896 

(D) 
(D) 


727 
(X) 

71 
262 
148 
92 
82 

26 
13 
17 




Average per farm' 

By value group: 
$1 to $4 999 


25 893 










$20,000 to $29 999 




$30 000 to $49 999 




$60,000 to $69,999 




$70 000 to $99 999 












$500,000 to $999,999 




$1.000 000 or more 









Table 13. Selected Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms: see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 





1987 


1982 


Selected mactiinety and equipment 


Total 


Manufactured 1983 to 1987 


Manufactured prior to 1983 


Farms 


Number 


Number 




Farms 




Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


manufactured 
1978 to 1982 




624 
218 

599 
209 
147 
455 
340 

8 

212 
185 


1 329 
483 
523 

1 556 
480 
833 
849 

8 

245 
196 


279 
37 
6 

175 
28 

80 
115 

2 

60 
40 


354 
79 
39 

235 
61 
35 
93 

142 

(D) 

60 
40 


486 
161 
56 

523 
191 
121 
415 
276 

6 

154 
150 


975 
364 
342 

1 321 
446 
664 
756 
565 

(D) 

185 
156 


605 
204 
72 

600 
250 
93 

5 

131 
190 


1 294 
477 
488 

1 364 
597 
510 

(NA) 
6 

146 
205 


306 
55 
58 

219 




W/heel tractors 








Less ttian 40 horsepower (PTO) 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(D) 
37 


Cottonpickers and strippers 









'Data for 1982 include self-propelled only. 

18 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 14. Petroleum Products Expenses: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample of farms; see te)rt. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 










1987 


1982 




Item 


Farms 


*$1,000) 


1978 




659 
Si 

599 
IS^ 

336 
122 
70 
51 
9 
10 

271 
Ig 

42 
13 
6 
8 

24 
^^ 

11 
2 
3 
3 

1 

405 
(X) 
(X) 

200 
119 
40 

9 
8 
9 


(X) 

1 390 

2 109 

(X) 

621 

1 036 

53 
79 
92 
140 

(X) 

433 

1 598 

26 

39 
53 
38 
48 

iS 

(X) 

25 

1 044 

(Z) 

^ 

(D) 
(D) 

(X) 
311 
769 

10 
28 

24 
24 

149 


725 

1 819 

2 508 

665 

782 

1 176 

409 
76 
79 
76 
12 

280 

501 

1 790 

170 
42 
28 
24 
5 

12 

7 

586 

2 

1 
> - 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

iS 

(NA) 


673 


Petroleum products ^^^^^-- 


1 973 




656 


Gasoline and gasohol - ^farms.. 


1 029 


Farms with expenses of- 


378 




























170 


$1,000.. 


1 476 


Farms witfi expenses of- 


101 












14 
















5 


^'' $1.000.. 


2 200 


Farms with expenses of- 




























LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, etc s'fmn"" 


(NA) 
391 
(NA) 


Farms with expenses of- 


(NA) 




!!:i^! 




^,^^ 


$1 000 to $1 999 










ii:i^! 


$10,000 or more 





Table 15. Agricultural Chemicals Used, including Fertilizer and Lime: 1987, 1982, 
and 1978 



[Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 








Chemicals used 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Chemicals used 


1987 


1982 


1978 


Any chemicals, fertilizer, or lime 


482 

399 
13 931 
1 335 

178 
3 371 
3 467 

172 
3 

355 
778 


474 

446 
15 880 
1 125 

193 

5 110 

6 940 

163 
12 

8 
2 

283 

647 


606 

442 
17 715 
1 094 

225 

6 220 

7 888 

195 
16 
7 
5 
2 

431 
580 


Any chemicals, fertilizer, or lime 
used-Con. 

Sprays, dusts, granules, 
fumigants, etc., to control - 
Insects on hay and other 


210 

6 250 

17 
195 

109 
2 874 

185 

7 317 

21 
816 


184 

8 078 

12 

154 

95 
3 226 

177 
7 692 

20 

587 




$i,ooo" 


222 


Ume - farms.. 

acres on which used., 
tons.. 

Farms by tons used: 


Nematodes in crops farms"! 

acres on which used.. 
Diseases in crops and 


7 899 
9^^ 
159 


acres on which used.. 
Weeds, grass, or bnjsh in 
crops and pasture farms.. 


5 770 










200 to 499 tons 


acres on which used.. 

Chemicals used for defoliation 
or for growth control of crops 

acres'on which used.. 












Agncultura, Chemicals- ....-...-^farms.. 


47 
1 765 



'Data for 1987 include cost of c 



I applications; data for agricultural chemicals exclude t 



I for 1987 and 1982. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 19 



Table 16. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization for All Farms 
and Farms Operated by Black and Other Races: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



[For meaning o) abbreviatons and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 



Harvested cropland ___ 

Full owners 

Harvested cropland _ 



Percent of tenancy percent. 



Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of vrork off fami: 
None 



) days 

50 to 99 days.,. 
100 to 149 days. 
150 to 199 days. 
200 days or more 



Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm; 



5 to 9 years 

Average years on present farm . 



Operators by sex: 



Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



Spanish origin not reported farms- 



Partnership . 
Corporation . 



Other— cooperative, estate or trust. 







576 


560 


21 252 


23 704 










370 


343 


7 088 


7 324 



57 740 


62 917 




44 


4 726 


3 316 


^ 


2 




(D) 


Pi 


P! 






45 860 


47 462 


52 


54 


5 863 


5 987 






8 393 


8 762 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 



^For classification of social and ethnic groups, see text 



20 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 17. 



Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982 



1 symbols, see introductory t 



Characteristics 



Farms operated by Black arxJ other races 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms 

Land in farms 


number. 1987.. 

1982.. 
.acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 
.farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
acres. 1987.. 

1982.- 


90 

62 

4 639 

4 726 


1987 FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 


35 

820 

1 189 








IS 


140 to 219 acres _— 


6 




^ 


1987 OWNED AND RENTED LAND 
IN FARMS 

Owned land in farms 


farms.. 

farms 


81 

4 289 

15 


TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners- 

Part owners 

Tenants - 

1987 FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) 


acres.. 

.farms, 1987__ 

1982__ 

acres, 1987._ 

1982.. 

.lamis, 1987_. 

1982- 

acres, 1987__ 

1982- 

. farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 


350 

75 

46 

3 831 

3 760 

6 

8 

673 

856 

9 

8 

135 

110 

73 




7 










Other -cooperative, estate or tmst, 
institutional etc 




1987 MARKET VALUE OF 
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 








$1,000.. 


1 371 




$1,000.. 
farms 


787 
48 


Farms by value of sales: 


$1.000.. 


585 


$2 500 to $9 999 


21 


$10 000 to $19 999 




$20 000 to $24 999 


1 






1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 






5 










Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 


5 














Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 
specialties (021 ) 


30 






Dairy farms (024) 


3 


General farms, primarily 1ives'tocVand"animai 


30 


See footnotes at end of table. 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 21 



Table 17. 



Selected Characteristics of Farms Operated by Females, Persons of Spanish 
Origin, and Specified Racial Groups: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



I symbols, see introductory text] 







Female 
operators 


Operators of 
Spanish origin' 


Farms operated by Black and other races 


Characteristics 


Total 


Black 


Amencan Indian 


Asian 


Other 
(see text) 


1987 OPERATOR 
CHARACTERISTICS 


79 

7 

50 
40 

40 
76 

29 

6 
25 
42 
13 2 

10 

36 
18 
3 
8 

7 
46.4 


2 

2 

(D) 

; 

(D) 
2 
2 


- 
(D) 

1 
(D) 




" 


- 




Not on farm operated 




Operators by principal occupation: 




Otfier .^. 

Operators by days of wori< off farm: 


1 
1 


Any 

1 to 99 days 




200 days or more 


_ 






Operators by years on present farm: 










1 






Not reported 

Operators by age group: 


(D) 


25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 






1 










65 to 69 years 








Avetaae aae ^'' 


(D) 


Operators by sex: 




1987 COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS AND 
GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 

Amount received from Commodity Credit 








$1.000.. 
farms 


: 


$1,000.. 


- 



'See chapter 1. table 16 for operators not < 



22 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 18. Selected Characteristics of Farms by Standard Industrial Classification: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Crops, including 
nursery and 
greenhouse 



Livestock, 
poultry, and 
heir products 



Total 

Crops (01) 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Wheal (0111) _ - - 

Rice (0112) ._ 

Corn (0115) 

Soybeans (0116) 

Cash grains, n.e.c. (0119) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets (0133) 

Irish potatoes (0134). _ 

Field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. (0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016). ._ 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Berry crops (0171) 

Grapes (0172) 

Tree nuts (0173) 

Citrus tnjits (0174) 

Deciduous tree fruits (0175) 

Fruits and tree nuts, n.e.c, (0179) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

Ornamental floriculture and nursery products (0181) 
Food crops grown under cover (0182) 

General famis, primarily crop (019) 

Livestock and animal specialties (02) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and ar 

(021). 

Beef cattle feedlots (0211) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Hogs (0213) 

Sfieep and goats (0214) 

General livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 
specialties (021 9) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Broiler, fryer, and roaster chickens (0251) .. 

Chicken eggs (0252) 

Turkeys and turkey eggs (0253) 

Poultry hatcheries (0254) 

Poultry and eggs, n.ec (0259) 

Animal specialties (027) 

Fur-bearing animals and rabbits (0271) 

Horses and other equines (0272) 

Animal aquaculture (0273) 

Animal specialties, n.e.c. (0279) 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029)... 

'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



27 400 
(D) 



9 228 
(D) 
(D) 



12 176 
(D) 



4 881 
(D) 
(D) 



420 279 

608 344 



307 587 
307 636 
257 750 



1 121 266 
(D) 
(D) 



278 600 
392 286 
121 400 
193 400 



342 647 
227 500 



35 918 

59 549 



122 378 
(D) 
(D) 



19 449 

16 950 

17 379 
23 350 
23 000 



(D) 
19 631 



37 786 

26 741 



26 685 

26 582 



21 157 
(D) 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 23 



Selected Characteristics of Abnormal Farms: 1987 and 1982 

; and symbols, see introductory text] 



Characteristics 


1987 


1982 


Characteristics 


1987 


1982 


Farms 

Land in farms — 

Value of land and buildings' 


number.. 
..acres.. 

$1,000.. 
dollars 


3 
403 
134 

4 900 

1 633 333 

12 159 

203 

3 
93 

3 
(D) 

(D) 

57 

2 

(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 

(D) 

(D) 


(NA) 


Market value of agricultural products sold 

Average per farm 

Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 
crops 

Livestock, poultry, and their products 

Total farm production expenses' 

Average per farm 

Tenure of operator: 

Full owners 


$1,000.. 
.dollars.. 

$1,000.- 
$1,000.. 

$1,000.. 
.dollars.. 


5 
1 747 

281 
93 805 

3 


- 


Average per acre 

Estimated market value of all mactiinery and 
equipment' - 


.dollars.. 
$1,000.. 

. farms- 
acres.. 

. farms., 
acres.. 

acres.. 

. farms.. 

acres.. 

. farms.. 

acres.. 
. farms.. 

acres.. 
.. farms.. 

acres-. 

.. farms.. 

.. farms.. 

acres.. 
.. famis.. 

acres.. 


SK^! 








Land in famis according to use; 


Tenants.. 

Abnormal farms by standard industrial 
classification: 


- 


Harvested cropland 
























Sugarcane and sugar beets; Insh potatoes; 
field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134, 0139).... 

Vegetables and melons (016) 








Woodland pastured — 


Fruits and tree nuts (017) 










Woodland not pastured 






Pastureland and rangeland other ttian 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 




Beef cattle except feedlots (0212) 




Land in house lots, ponds, roads, wasteland 
















Irrigated land 


General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) 


- 



I based on a sample of farms. 



24 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Livestock and Poultry - 

Mext] 



Inventory and Sales: 1987, 1982, and 1978 



Livestock and poultiy 

Poultry 

Livestock 

Any cattle, tiogs. or sheep 

Cattle and calves 

Cows and heifers that had calved 

Beel cows 

Milk cows 

Hogs and pigs 

Feeder pigs sold 

Sheep and lambs^ 

Horses and ponies 

Chickens 3 months old or older^ 

Hens and pullets of laying age 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 
Turkeys 



3 195 
2 465 
1 020 



205 794 
388 239 
256 021 



10 538 

10 253 

(D) 



6 421 

7 923 
6 561 



5 773 
7 000 
S 978 



2 499 

3 678 
3 648 



169 934 
337 358 
219 829 
169 820 



4 692 
3 229 

6 911 

7 545 
7 317 



^Value of sales includes sheep, 
'Sales for 1 987 include pullets c 



Table 21. Poultry- Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 


















1987 




Item 


1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


INVENTORY 

Chickens 3 months old or older _. 


96 

5 

95 
78 

25 


205 794 

5 668 
22 416 
177 710 

(D) 

450 

3 100 

22 416 

(D) 

SB! 

10 2f 
(D) 
(D) 
(X) 


126 

114 
2 
10 

126 

99 
8 

3 

2 

19 
16 
15 
2 
30 


388 239 
(D) 

365 000 
(D) 

1 0?^ 

11 050 

12 850 
32 000 

236 500 
(D) 

is 

(D) 
(X) 


SALES 

Hens and pullets' 


21 
18 


169 934 

iS! 

(D) 

136 339 

169 820 

127 

866 

(D) 

31 988 

i 

58 714 
11 631 

(X) 


38 

3 
9 
36 
15 
10 

2 

5 


337 358 








10 000 or more 


1 000 or more 


308 420 


Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with- 
1 to 99 


Hens and pullets of laying age 

Farms with- 

1 to 99 — 

100 to 399 


(D) 
362 




14^ 




400 to 3 199 


3 200 to 9 999 


3,200 to 9.999 


13 900 








20,000 to 49,999 

50 000 to 99 999 


159 200 








100,000 or more 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens . 
Turkeys 




For slaughter IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII 


iR! 






Ducks, geese, and other poultry 


Ducks, geese, and other poultry 


(X) 



'Sales for 1987 include pullets of less t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 25 



Table 22. Broilers and Started Pullets— Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Broilers and other 


Tieat-type chick 


ens 


Pullets not of laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or older not 
of laying age 


Number sold 


1987 


1982 


1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total 


6 

3 
2 


58 714 

362 

(D) 

(D) 


3 

1 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(0) 

432 
(D) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


3 

3 


114 


2 

2 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(D) 


Famis with- 




2 000 to 15 999 


(13) 






























500 000 or more 









Table 23. Poultry— Inventory and Sales by Size of Flock: 1987 

IFor meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Inventory 




Chickens 3 months old or older 


Pullet chicks and pullets 
under 3 months old 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets 3 months old or 
older not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 




Total Invento 


96 

77 

(X) 


205 794 
3 100 

(D) 
(X) 


95 
76 

2 

(X) 


(D) 

1 598 

520 

3 100 

22 416 
(D) 

(D) 
(X) 


16 

11 
3 

- 

(X) 


(D) 

240 
(D) 

(W 
(D) 

(X) 


I 


(D) 
32 

(D) 


6 


(D) 


Farms with- 


279 


100 to 399 




400 to 1.599 - 

1,600 to 3,199 






(D) 


10,000 to 19,999 

20 000 to 49 999 












No inventory 


196 




Sales 




Hens and pullets 


Broilers and other 
meat-type chickens 


Poultry and poultry 
products 


Chickens 3 months old or older 


Total 


Hens and pullets of 
laying age 


Pullets not of laying age 




Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 




22 

3 
3 

5 
2 

2 
2 


(D) 

86 

406 

1 100 

26 988 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


19 

5 
2 

3 

5 
2 

2 
2 


(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

1 100 

26 988 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


3 

2 

1 


114 

(0) 
(D) 


5 
2 

3 


(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


54 

36 
4 
5 

5 
2 

2 
15 


3 294 


1 to 99 


„ 


100 to 399 


6 




45 






3 200 to 9 999 


542 


10 000 to 19 999 


(D) 








(D) 


100 000 or more 






895 







26 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 24. Turkeys— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 



Turkeys 


Total 


Sales for slaughter 


Sales of hens kept for breeding 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total sold 


18 

16 
2 


11 631 


18 

16 

2 


(D) 

(D) 
(D) 


2 


(D) 














16 000 to 29 999 










_ 











Table 25. Cattle and Calves— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 















1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


1 to 9 


253 

117 
48 

33 
11 
3 

211 

29 
6 

156 

118 
27 
10 

70 

20 

1 

17 
23 

5 

152 
149 


6 930 

506 
612 

1 306 

2 314 
1 450 

742 

4 108 

461 

361 

1 057 

1 400 

829 

1 133 

440 
341 

IS 

2 975 

42 
(D) 
74 
694 

1 431 
728 

2 048 
774 


340 

154 
60 
65 
41 
18 
2 

288 

168 
40 
50 
24 
6 

192 

154 
28 
9 

123 

1 
13 
37 
23 
6 

233 
229 


8 997 
745 






50 to 99 


2 706 




iS 








1 000 to 2 499 




2 SOO or niore 






5 123 


Farms with- 


603 


20 to 49 


1 731 


50 to 99 


1 533 






500 to 999 




1 000 or more 




Beef cows 

Farms wlth- 


1 251 


10 to 19 


389 
(D) 






100 to 199 

200 to 499 






- 






Milk COWS 


3 872 


Farms with- 


(D) 




(D) 


10 to 29 — 

30 to 49 


215 
1 416 


50 to 99 


1 443 


100 to 199 


716 








2 802 











1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 27 



Table 26. Cattle and Calves— Sales: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Numtwr 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


,»1^ 




206 

131 

li 
14 
3 

179 

127 

P 
2 

59 

49 
5 
5 

126 

80 
14 
25 

7 


3 259 

515 
203 
1 307 
892 
342 

1 584 
394 

1 

331 

137 
64 
130 

1 675 

257 
194 
768 
456 


1 004 

212 
65 
407 
259 
61 

838 

207 
158 

IS 

72 
37 
62 

166 

53 
30 
55 
28 


260 

156 
33 
60 
10 

220 

169 
37 
14 

55 

47 
6 
2 

162 

67 
30 
40 
5 


3 544 

601 

453 

1 793 

IE! 

1 465 

591 
499 
375 

265 
140 

2 079 

283 

424 

1 058 

314 

: 




Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 19 __ 


228 

133 




IS 


100 to 199 


200 to 499 










2 500 or more 








Farms wlth- 
1 to9 


290 


10 to 19 




20 S 49::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 








100 to 199 












1,000 or more 








Farms with- 






n 




50 to 99 










500 to 999 




1 000 to 2 499 








Calves sold 


22^ 










20 to 49 


87 


50 to 99 


36 






200 to 499 




500 or more 









Table 27. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



1987 









Cattle and cah 


/es inventory 








Cattle and calves 




Cattle and calves 


Total 


Cows and t<eifers that 
had calved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


.ales 




Fanns 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Fanns 


Number 


Fanns 


Number 


Fanns 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 


253 

117 
48 
41 
33 

3 
(X) 


6 930 

506 
612 

1 306 

2 314 
1 450 

742 

(X) 


211 

86 
45 
33 

3 
(X) 


4 108 

260 
339 
566 
1 589 
913 

(X) 


46 
31 
31 
30 

3 
(X) 


2 048 

95 
149 
408 
602 

IS 
(X) 


149 

59 
33 
30 
20 
5 
2 

(X) 


774 

151 
124 

i 

(X) 


194 

58 
48 

33 
11 
3 

- 
- 

12 


3 075 

173 
291 
586 
1 137 
626 
262 

184 


907 


Famis with- 

]ri9:::::::::::::::::: 


73 


2010 49 




50 to 99 


316 


100 to 199 


115 






500 to 999:::::::::::::::: 




1.000 to 2.499 

















28 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 28. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Cow Herd: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 











Cattle and cal 


es inventory 








GatMe and calves 




Cows and herfers thai tiad 
calved 


Total 


Cows and 
hade 


,alved 


Heifers and heifer 
calves 


Steers, steer calves, 
bulls, and bull calves 


•ales 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


T tal inventory 


211 

81 
43 

■ 

23 
6 

42 


6 504 

495 
481 
625 
324 

1 243 

2 071 
1 265 

426 


211 

81 
43 
29 

8 
21 
23 

6 

(X) 


4 108 

184 
277 
361 
202 
855 
1 400 
829 

(X) 


129 

40 
22 
18 

6 
16 
21 

6 


1 884 

215 
80 
147 
83 
303 
638 
418 

164 


116 

27 
18 

9 
33 


512 

96 
124 
117 
39 
85 
33 
18 

262 


169 

38 

21 
23 
6 

37 


2 833 

209 
160 
275 
98 
521 
1 077 
493 

426 




Famis with- 












20 to 29 


32 


30 to 49 


177 


50 to 99 




Tootomi::::::::::::::: 








500 to 999 

















Table 29. 

[For meaning o 



Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Beef Cow Herd: 1987 

abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Cattle and calves inventory 


Beef cows 


Total 


Cows and herfers that had ca^ed 


Heifers and heifer calves 




Total 


Beef COWS 


and bull calves 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


T tal 


156 

76 
42 
27 
6 

1 
97 


2 729 

981 
570 
600 
244 

4 201 


156 

76 
42 
27 
6 

4 


1 610 

588 
327 
341 
148 

!g 

2 498 


156 

76 
42 
27 
6 

(X) 


1 133 

172 
268 
341 
146 

(X) 


83 

37 
22 

17 

2 
69 


666 

287 
113 
142 
57 

ss 

1 382 


93 

41 
27 
18 
3 

56 


453 


Farms with- 


106 


5 to 9 


130 


10 to 19- 


117 


30 to 49 


i§ 


50 to 99 


100 to 199 










1.000 or more 














Cattle and calves sales 




Total 


CatUe 


Calves 


Beet cows 


Total 


Fattened on grain and concentrates 




Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 




117 

27 
6 

89 


997 
260 


376 

106 

120 
26 

iS! 
(D) 


97 

33 
34 

6 

3 


551 

174 


309 

85 
59 
95 

isi 

529 


43 

13 
12 
13 
2 
3 

16 


181 

31 
22 


102 
16 
(D) 

: 


66 

17 
24 
20 


446 

219 
74 
116 




Farms with- 
1 to 4 


20 


5to9._ 


12 


20 to 29 ._ _... 

30 to 49 


IS 


SO to 99 










500 to 999 




1 000 or more 













































1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE D.ATA 



RHODE ISLAND 29 



Table 30. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales by Size of Milk Cow Herd: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Cattle and calves inventory 




Total 




Cows 


and heifers that had calved 


Heifers and 


heifer calves 






Total 


Milk cows 


and bull calves 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Total invento 


70 
20 

2 
17 
23 

5 

183 


4 610 

S 

2 203 

1 063 

2 320 


70 
20 

23 


3 040 
82 

J 

- 
1 068 


70 

20 

2 
2 

23 
5 

(X) 


2 975 

42 
(D) 

li 

1 431 

728 

(X) 


57 

i 

21 

5 

95 


1 478 

155 

(D) 
(D) 
251 
723 

570 


33 
10 

9 
3 

116 


92 


Farms with- 


5 to 9 

10 to 19 




20 to 29 






33 


100 to 199_ 

200 to 499 








682 






Cattle and calves sales 


Dairy product sales 


Milk cows 


Total 


Cattle 


Calves 




Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 


67 
18 

2! 

139 


2 192 

IS 

1^^ 

448 


510 
71 

221 
65 


57 
13 

2 

21 


794 

100 

(D) 
(D) 


60 

2 

15 
23 

5 

66 


47 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
763 
331 

277 


50 

23 
5 

1 


(D) 
34 


5 to 9 


10 to 19 

50 to 99 


(D) 
2 430 
1 292 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 __. 


No inventory 


1 067 




493 




122 




790 




(D) 



Table 31. Cattle and Calves— Sales by Number Sold Per Farm: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and 


symbols, see introductory text] 






















Cattle and calves 


Cattle 




Calves 




Cattle and calves 


Total 


Fattened 


on grain and concentrates 






Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total sold 


206 

85 
46 
15 
43 

3 


3 259 

213 
302 
203 
1 307 
892 
342 


1 004 

99 

65 
407 
259 


179 
74 

?l 

38 


1 584 

154 
169 
85 
670 
395 


838 

87 
86 

218 
51 


59 

29 
18 


331 

59 
75 
33 
164 


33 
38 
17 
83 


126 

31 
36 
13 

V. 

3 


1 675 

59 
133 
118 
637 

231 


166 

12 


Farms with- 


5 to 9 


10 to 19 


25 




50 to 99 

100 to 199 




200 to 499 

















Table 32. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


1987 


1982 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




59 

43 
3 

2 
5 

33 

25 
6 
2 

54 


4 719 
285 

B 
n 

450 
131 

IS 

4 269 


73 

6 

6 

23 

18 

1 

72 


3 030 


fToSi _.__ 


148 


100 to 199 

200 to 499 _ 

500 to 999 


745 
1 590 


2,000 to 4 999 




5 000 or more 




Hogs and pigs used or to be used for breeding 

1 to 24 _ 


310 
(D) 




100 to 199 _ 

200 or more 


Other hogs and pigs 


2 720 



30 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 33. Hogs and Pigs— Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Item 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Famis 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total hogs and pigs sold -. 

Farms with- 

50 to 99 1..... 


49 

24 
9 
5 
4 
5 

2 

3 
6 

1 

5 

2 


4 990 

1B2 
308 
342 
542 
(D) 

(D) 

311 

4 679 

165 
228 
358 
542 
(D) 

(D) 


568 

23 
33 
36 
60 
(D) 

(D) 

10 

(Z) 
(D) 

iR! 

(D) 

558 

27 
45 
60 
(D) 

(D) 


45 
21 

12 
3 

2 
3 

(NA) 
(NA) 

B 

(NA) 
(NA) 


3 269 

158 

290 

737 

1 850 

1 271 
97 

1 998 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 


286 

23 
27 
27 


100 to 199 — - 

200 to 499 


67 
143 














Feeder pigs sold — 


47 




3 








iS 














239 


Farms with- 








50 to 99 


(NA) 


100 to 199 


(NA) 
(NA) 






1,000 to 1.999 

2,000 to 4.999 


(NA) 







Table 34. Hogs and Pigs— Litters Farrowed: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 














1987 


1982 




Farms 


Number of litters 


Farms 


Number of litters 


Litters farrowed bety»een Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 

Farms witti- 


35 

21 
6 

2 
2 

29 


660 

69 
90 
98 

IS! 

320 
340 


24 

12 
2 
8 
2 

21 




404 




(D) 




206 


50 to 99 -.-. 


(D) 




- 


500 or more 




Dec. 1 of preceding year and May 31 

June 1 and Nov. 30 


181 



Table 35. Hogs and Pigs- Inventory and Sales by Size of Herd: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Hogs and pigs inventory 






Hogs and 


Jigs sales 






Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Other hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


^ 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 


59 
12 

(X) 


4 719 

115 
170 
220 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


33 

13 
7 
3 
5 
3 

(X) 


450 

30 
35 
26 
120 
(D) 

iS 

(X) 


54 

26 

12 

(X) 


4 269 

85 
135 
194 
515 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


45 

12 
5 
5 


4 881 

182 
718 
198 
842 

(D) 
109 


557 

22 
68 
18 
89 

is 

10 


2 


(D) 

51 
(D) 

iS 

(D) 


(D) 
2 


10 to 24 




25 to 99 




1 00 to 1 99 








500 10 999 

1 000 or more 




No inventory ._ 


(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 



(For meaning of abbreviations and 


symbols, se 


3 introductory 


ext] 






















Hogs and pigs inventory 






Hogs and 


Jigs sales 






Hogs and pigs 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Ottier hogs and pigs 


Total 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 




Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total sold 


45 


4 682 

83 
202 
363 
625 

(D) 

(D^ 
37 


28 

10 
5 
3 

2 
5 


443 

7 
40 
67 
70 
(D) 

(D) 


42 

1 
5 
2 

12 


76 
162 
296 
555 

(D) 

(D) 
30 


49 

17 
16 
5 
4 
5 

2 

(X) 


4 990 

72 
418 
342 
542 
(D) 

(D) 

m 


568 

12 

36 
60 
(D) 

(D) 

(X) 


(X) 


311 

97 
(D) 

(D) 
(X) 




Farms witti- 






(d1 




100 to 199 


200 to 499 


(D) 






None sold 


(X) 





Table 37. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Sales, and Litters by Total Litters Farrowed: 1987 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Hogs and pigs inventory 


Hogs and pigs sales 


Litters farrowed 


Total 


Used or to be used for 
breeding 


Otfier hogs and pigs 


ToUl 


Feeder pigs 




Farms 


Number 


Fanns 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Number 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total litters farrowed 


26 


4 306 

22 
65 
108 
422 
535 
(D) 
(D) 

413 


6 
8 
5 
6 

2 

2 


450 

6 
20 
30 
85 
100 
(D) 
(D) 


28 

5 
6 
3 
6 

2 
2 

26 


3 856 

16 
45 
78 
337 
435 

SB! 

413 


30 

6 

7 
6 

2 
2 

19 


4 271 

12 
93 
262 
523 
640 

'R! 
(0) 

719 


497 

25 
57 

i 

71 


3 
3 


311 

31 

(D) 




Farms witti- 










is 


10 to 19 


i?S^^::::::::::::::-:- 


100 to 199 




200 or more 














Utters farrowed between Dec. 1. 1986. and Nov. 30, 1987 


Litters farrowed 


Total 


Doc. 1. 1986, and IVIay 31, 1987 


Junel.1987. andNov.30. 1987 




Farms 


Utters 


Farms 


Utters 


Farms 


utters 


Total litters farrowed 


35 

6 

7 
6 

2 
2 


660 

6 
20 
43 
90 
98 

!S! 
(D) 


33 


320 

'?^ 
17 
40 
49 

!SI 
(D) 


29 
2 


340 

26 

50 


Farms with- 




5 to 9 .._ 

10 to 19 




iS! 


100 10 199 _ 

200 or more 



































Table 38. 

[For meaning of 



Sheep and Lambs— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

I symbols, see introductory text) 





1987 


1982 




Famis 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Sheep and lambs inventory ___ 


76 

ii 

69 

62 
(X) 

66 

73 


1 661 
490 

IS 

1 001 

1 521 
10 021 

2 085 
103 


70 
?f 

1 

63 

60 

(X) 

57 
65 


3 195 


1 00 to 299 


300 to 999 






(D) 




Ewesi ear old or older 


2 748 


Sheep and lambs shorn 


2 920 
21 756 

1 027 


Sheep and lambs sold __ 







32 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tex 


tl 


























Sheep 


and lambs 


shorn 


Sales 


Sheep and lambs 


Total 


Ewes 1 year old 


or older 


Sheep and lambs 


Sheep, lar 


nbs. and wool 




Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
v»ool 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total inventory 


76 

52 
23 

(X) 


1 661 

490 
(D) 
(D) 

(X) 


69 
23 

(X) 


1 001 

306 
695 

(X) 


62 

39 
23 


1 521 

339 
1 182 


10 021 

2 407 
7 614 


62 

38 
23 

4 


1 275 

318 
(D) 
(D) 

810 


69 

45 
23 

4 


95 


Farnis wrth- 


23 


25 to 99 


(D) 










1.000 to 2,499 




5000 OT more 




No inventory 


9 



Table 40. Sheep and Lambs- Inventory and Sales by Size of Ewe Flock: 1987 























Sheep and la 






Sheep and lambs shorn 


Sales 




Total 


Ewes 1 year old or older 


Sheep 


and lambs 


Sheep, la 


nbs, and wool 




Farms 




Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Pounds of 
wool 


Farms 




Farms 


Value 
($1,000) 


Total invent 


69 

54 

15 

7 


1 527 

713 
814 

134 


69 

54 
15 

(X) 


1 001 

438 
563 

(X) 


60 

45 
15 

2 


(D) 

513 
995 

(D) 


(D) 

3 646 
6 319 

(D) 


58 

43 
15 

8 


1 153 

461 

692 

932 


65 

50 

15 

8 


87 


Farms wrth'- 
1 to 24 


35 
53 






200 to 499 












2,500 to 4,999 

5 000 or more 






16 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 33 



Table 41. Other Livestock and Livestock Products— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations i 



I symbols, see introductory teirt] 



Horses and ponies _. farms 

$1,000 

Mules, burros, and donkeys farms 

number 
$1,000 

Colonies of bees _ farms 

Honey sold farms 

pounds 

Bees and honey sold farms. 

$1,000. 

Goats farms. 

number. 
Angora goats farms 

Mohair sold farms 

pounds. 

Angora goats and mohair sold farms 

$1,000. 
Milk goats - farms 

Goats milk sold farms. 

gallons. 

Milk goats and goats milk sold farms. 

$1,000. 

Other goats.. famis. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Mink and their pelts farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 
Rabbits and their pelts ._ farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 

Fish and other aquaculture products sold farms. 

$1,000. 
Other livestock and livestock products farms. 

$1,000. 



34 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 42. Crops Harvested and Value of Production: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Value of 

production' 

($1,000) 



Corn for gram or ; 

Com for silage or green chop or cut for dry fodder, flogged or 

Sorgfium for gram or seed (bustiels) 

Sorgfium for silage or green ctiop. cut for dry forage or hay, or 
hogged or grazed 

Wheat for grain (bushels) — 

Barley for grain (bushels) 

Oats for grain (bushels) — 

Rye for grain (bushels) 

Rice (cwt) — 

Flaxseed (bushels) 

Sunflower seed (pounds) 

Soybeans for beans (bushels) 

Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) 

Peanuts for nuts (pounds) _ 

Cotton (bales) 

Tobacco (pounds) 

Irish potatoes (cwt) 

Sweetpotatoes (bushels) 

Pineapples harvested (tons) _ 

Sugar beets for sugar (tons) 

Sugarcane for sugar (Ions) -. _ 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass silage, green chop, 

etc. (see text) (tons, dry) 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) 

Land in orchards 

Berries harvested for sale 

Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms, and sod grown for sale 

(see text) 

Other crops --- 



Table 43. 

[For meaning of 



Specified Crops Harvested— Yield Per Acre Irrigated and Nonirrigated: 1987 





Entire crop irrigated 


Part of crop irrigated 


None of crop irrigated 


Crop 


Farms 


Acres 


yield per 
acre 


Farms 


Acres 
imgated 


Acres not 
irrigated 


yield per 
acre 


Farms 


Acres 


acre 


Com for grain or seed (bushels) 


2 

13 
6 


(D) 

i 


(D) 
(D) 

m 


1 

1 
3 

15 
2 


(D) 

: 

{D) 

16 
(D) 

(D) 


(D) 

- 

(D) 

(D) 

497 
(D) 


(D) 

(D) 

2.9 
(D) 


9 

2 

20 

109 

181 
45 
29 

75 
15 


99 
1 988 

(D) 

91 

(D) 
864 
903 

833 
(D) 
22 


76.6 
16.8 






Wheat for grain (bushels) 


(D) 










Rice (cwt) _ 

Soybeans for beans (bushels) — 

Peanuts for nuts (pounds) — 

Dry edible beans, excluding dry limas (cwt) — 






_ 






Sugar beets for sugar (tons) — 

Sugarcane for sugar (tons) 






1.2 


Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild hay (see text) 


(D) 










Alfalfa seed (pounds) 


(X) 




3 035.2 







1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 35 



Table 44. Specified Crops by Acres Harvested: 1987 and 1982 

IFor meaning of abbreviations and symbots, see introductory text] 



Com for grain or seed (bustiels) 

Corn for silage or green ctiop (tons, green) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres.. 

25 to 49 acres 

50 to 99 acres 

too to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

insh potatoes (cwt) 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
silage, green cfiop. etc. (see lext)(tons. dry) „. 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres—. 

50 to 99 acres... 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 acres or more 

1.000 to 1,999 acres 

2.000 to 2,999 aaes 

3.000 to 4,999 acres 

5,000 acres or more 

Alfalfa hay (tons, dry) 

Small grain hay (tons, dry) 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and v 

hay (see text)(tons, dry) 

1 to 14 acres 

15 to 24 acres 

25 to 49 acres.. 

50 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 acres or more 

Wild hay (tons, dry) 

Grass silage, haylage, and green chop hay (toi 

Vegetables han/ested for sale (see text) 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

5 to 14.9 acres IIIIIIIIIII 

15.0 to 24.9 acres 

250 to 49.9 aaes 

50 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 to 499.9 acres 

500 to 749.9 acres 

750.0 to 999.9 acres 

1.000 acres or more 

1.000.0 to 1.999.9 acres 

2.000.0 to 2,999.9 acres 

3,000.0 acres or more 

Sweet com 

Land in orchards 

0.1 to 0.9 acres 

5.0 to 14.9 acres 

15.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 49.9 acres 

50.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249 9 acres 

2500 to 499.9 acres 

500.0 to 749 9 acres 

750.0 to 999.9 acres 

1.000.0 acres or more 

1.0000 to 1.999.9 acres 

2.000.0 to 2.999.9 acres 

3,000.0 acres or more 



33 778 
3 354 
3 076 



2 983 
4 605 

3 350 



1 089 

2 098 
2 513 
2 347 



43 979 
3 818 
3 258 
14 339 
11 250 



Table 45. Specified Fruits and Nuts by Acres: 1987 and 1982 

(Not published for this Statel 



36 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 46. 



Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for Sale by Value of 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



J of abbfeviabons and symbols, see introductory t 







Under glass or other protection 


In the 


open 


Sales 


Crop 


Farms 


Square feet 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


($1,000) 


Nursery and greenhouse crops, mushrooms, and 
grown lor sale (see text) 

1987 value of sales: 


sod 

1987._ 

1982.. 


79 
79 

17 
15 
19 
9 
9 
3 
7 

17 
19 


890 384 
868 143 

25 044 
43 180 
13S 650 
108 680 
155 510 
117 640 
304 680 

330 094 
257 594 


68 
59 

10 
13 
10 
10 
5 
8 
12 

39 
37 


4 121 

31 
69 
246 
161 

2I?? 

1 621 
1 684 


121 
109 

25 
22 
26 
16 

9 
12 

39 
37 


20 786 
10 695 


$2 500 to $9 999 sales 




$10 000 to $39 999 sales 












$200 000 to $499 999 sales 




$500 000 sales or more 




Nursery crops 


1987.. 

1982.. 


10 388 
5 861 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 37 



Table 47. Farms by Concentration of Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 



Characteristics 



Fewest number of farms accounting for- 



25 percent of sales 50 percent of sales 



Average size of farm __. 
ue of land and buildings^ . 



$1.000.. 
-dollars- 
. dollars-. 



Estimated market value of all machinery and equipment _ 



Land in farms according t 







acres'" 








f*/1arket value of agricultural products sold 


$1 000 


Average per farm 
















$1,000.. 






$1,000.. 






$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 






$1,000.. 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 
Other crops 




$1,000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 






$1,000.. 






$1,000.- 






$1.000.. 


Hogs and pigs 




$1.000.. 



bheep, lambs, and wool 

Other livestock and livestock products (see tea) 


$1.000.. 

farms.. 

$1.000.. 

farms.. 

$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 




^f'ars" 


Hired farm labor 


$i%m:: 


$1,000.- 




$1,000.- 




$1,000.. 


fviilk cows 


number.. 


Hogs and pigs 


number-. 



3 797 800 
8 362 

2 862 



7 137 

1 
(D) 



60 214 

3 542 000 

8 962 



(D) 

3 
2 374 



^Data are based on a sample of farms. 



38 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



This page is intentionally blank to preserve table continuity. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA RHODE ISLAND 39 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

Land in farms acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see tejft) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

$1,000 to $2.499 "imillllllllll! 

$2,500 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999. — 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999 ___. 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wtieat farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans. — _. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorgtium (or grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed-.. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more tarms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco.- farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms- 

$1,000- 

Vegetables. sweet com, and melons farms- 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms- 

$1,000- 

Fnjits. nuts, and bemes — farms- 

$1,000- 

Sales of $50,000 or more - farms- 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales o( $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops (arms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more _ farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products .-- farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales o( $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000- 

Dairy products (arms- 

$1,000- 

Sales o( $50,000 or more (arms- 

$1,000- 

Cattlo and calves (arms. 

$1,000. 

Sales o( $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000- 
See (ootnotes at end of table, 

40 RHODE ISLAND 



20 786 

44 

19 863 



1 247 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text)-Con. 

Hogs and ptgs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Stieep. lambs, and wool famns. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Ottier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999- 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

ircially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

i$4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79.999 

$80,000 or more _ 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 .___ 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._ 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999- 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol famns. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc. farms 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 41 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



1 of abbreviations i 



Farms with sales of SIO.C 



42 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987- 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



■Con. 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Average per farm. 



Less than $1,000.-. 
$1,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $49,999. 



Loss of- 
$1,000 



Government payments farms 

$1,000 

Other farm-related income' __. farms 

$1,000 
Customwork and other agricultural 



Gross cash rent or share payments .. 
Forest products and Christmas trees 
Other farm-related income sources ... 



. farms 
$1,000 

"$1,000 
"$1,000 
"$1,000 



Total 

Com 












.. farms. 
$1,000. 
farms 














$1,000. 


Soybeans 












$1,000. 
farms 


Sorghum 


bariey, and oats. 






$1,000. 
'"$1,000^ 


Peanuts, 


rye. 


nee 


tobacco 


and 


honey. 


$1,000. 

.. farms. 

$1,000- 



Total cropland farms.. 

awes.. 
Harvested cropland..- - — farms.. 

Farms by acres harvested: 



100 to 199 acres. 



500 to 999 acres . 



Pasture or grazing only 

In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 



On which all crops failed ... 
In cultivated summer fallow _ 



See footnotes at end of t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 43 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



I sales of $10,000 or more 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs 



farms,. 



Conservation reserve program 


farms- 




acres.. 


alue of land and buildings' 


farms.. 

$1,000.. 
dollars 


Averaae oer farm 


Average per acre 


dollars.. 


Farms by value group: 
$1 to S39 999 








$100,000 to $149 999 


$150 000 to $199 999 


$200,000 10 $499,999 


$500 000 to $999 999 









stimated market value of all machinery 




Farms by value group: 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 




$10,000 to $19,999 


$20 000 to $49 999 




$100,000 to $199 999 


$200 000 to $499 999 


$500,000 or more 







Less than 40 horsepowrer (PTO) ... 
Grain and bean combines 


number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 

farms 




number.. 




number.. 




number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer 


number., 
farms 




which used.. 


acres on 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc 


which used., 
tons.. 


Nematodes in crops 


which used., 
which used.. 


Weeds, grass, or brush in crops anc 
pasture 


which used.. 
farms.. 



acres on which i 



140 066 

285 267 

3 972 



155 497 

670 246 

5 722 



See footnotes at end of table. 



44 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning c 



, see introductory t 



1 sales of $10,000 or more 



I other races . 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farms. 



acres- 
acres.. 



I rented or leased from others - 
snted or leased land in farms - 



Land rented or leased to others . 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence; 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by pnncipal occupation: 



Operators by days of worl< off farm: 



200 days or more . 



Operators by years on present farm: 



5 to 9 years. 
10 years or r 



Not reported _ 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 



50 to 54 years . 



Operators of Spanish ohgin (si 



Individual or family (sole proprietorship) . 
Partnership . 



Ckirporation: 


f^ore than 10 stockholders 








tilore than 
10 or less 


10 stockholders 



acres.. 



Other— cooperative, estate or trust. 



2 209 

38 
(D) 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



9 060 

127 

8 915 



RHODE ISLAND 45 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987 -Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory I 



J with sales of $10,000 or r 



FARMS BY SIZE 



Casfl grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except casfi grains (013). 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) _.- 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e.c (0133, 0134, 0139) ._ 



vegetables 
Fruits and t 

General fan 



Ions (016) 

1 (017) 

i (018) 

, pnmanly crop (019) ._ 
airy, poultry, and 



(021) 



: (0212) . 



Dairy farms (024) ___ 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily lives 
animal specialties (029) .._ 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory . 



10 to 49 






200 to 499 




Cows and heifers th 


at had 


calved 


farms 








number,. 
Farms with- 


1 to 49 


50 to 99 




















farms 


Farms with- 






number.. 


5 to 9 


1 to 49 






200 to 499.- 


500 or more 










Ives 
bulls 






Steers, steer calves 
calves 


and bull 


number.. 



Cattle anc 


calves sold 




farms 


Calves 




number- 
Si ,000. 










number. 
$1,000. 


Fattened o 


n grain 


andconcen 


number. 

$1,000. 

trates... farms. 

number. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



46 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 



I symbols, see introduclory t 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory. 
Farms with— 



50 to 99 

100 to 199-- 
200 to 499. _ 
500 or more 



Hogs and pigs sold . 
Feeder pigs 



June 1 and Nov. 30 . 



Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory. 
Ewes 1 year old or older 



Sheep and lambs sold .. 
Sheep and lambs shorn . 



farms., 
farms- 






farms, 
farms. 



Horses and ponies inventory. 

Horses and ponies sold 

Goats inventory 

Goats sold 



POULTRY 



r inventory .. farms. 



400 to 3 1 99 






20 000 to 49 999 


50 000 to 99 999 


100.000 or more 




farms 


Pullets 3 months old or older not of 


number., 
farms 


Hens and pullets sold 


... farmsi; 
number.. 


sold . . 


. farms 


number- 
Farms with- 
1 to 1 999 












Turkeys sold 


number.. 
... farms.. 



30 260 

9 

192 049 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 47 



Table 48. Summary by Tenure of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



I sales of $10,000 ( 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for silage or green chop farms.. 

acres.. 

Irrigated farms- 
acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested; 

1 to 24 acres -- 

25 to 99 acres — 

100 to 249 acres — --- 

250 to 499 acres - .-- 

500 acres or more.. 

Irish potatoes — farms- 

cwtl! 
Irrigated -_. farms.. 

Farms by acres harvested: 

5-0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres -. 

250 acres or more 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 

grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms.. 

acres.. 

tons, dry.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

Farms by acres han/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres -- 

100 to 249 acres _- 

250 to 499 acres ._ 

500 acres or more___ 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 

and wild hay (see text) farms.. 

acres- 

ssted for sale (see text) .-. 

s harvested: 

:res 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Land in orchards fam 

acr< 
Irrigated fam 

acre 
Farms by beanng and nonbearing acres; 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99 9 acres _ 

100.0 to 249 9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

'Data are based on a sample of farms. 

2Farms with total production expenses equal to martlet value of agricultural products sold are included as farms with gains of less t 



Imoated 


farms 




acres. - 


Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) . 


. farms.. 






Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 4.9 acres 



6 187 
(D) 



48 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



r than family held 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 
Land in farms 



_ number- 
...acres. 





acres.. 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 




Total sales (see text) 

Average per farm_ 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 

...dollars.. 


Farms by value of sales: 




$1 000 to $2 499 


$2 500 to $4 999 






$20 000 to $24 999 






$50 000 to $99,999 


$100 000 to $249 999 




$500,000 to $999,999 

$1 000 000 or more 






Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms. - 

$1,000.. 


Com lor grain 

Wheat 


... farms.. 


Soybeans 


-$iooo: 

farms 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum for grain 

Barley 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 







Sales of $50,000 or more 



$ 




$ 


Sales of $50,000 or more 

$ 


Vegetables, sv»eet corn, and melons .... 


Sales of $50 000 or more 




Sales of $50,000 or more _ 


$ 


Sales of $50,000 or more _____'' 






$ 




$ 




S 
Cattle and calves 





$1,000.. 
. farms.. 
$1,000. 



$1,000. 
. farms. 
$1,000. 



$1,000. 

$i,ooo; 



farms. 
$1,000. 
farms. 



farms 
$1,000 

farms. 
$1,000. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 49 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 -Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD -Con. 

Total sales (see text)— Con. 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms- 

$1,000. 

Stioep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm- dollars- 
Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._ 

$25,000 to $99,999 __ 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farnis. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

ly mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1,000 to $4,999 III""II"IIIIiriIIII"I 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizef larms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel -.. farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas fams. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc .-. farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



50 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



10 or less 
holders 



Other - 

cooperative, 

estate or 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses — Con. 

Electricity farms. 

$1,000. 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor famis. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more _. 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more _ 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 .._ 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate famis. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 _ 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 -. 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more ..._ 

All other farm production expenses farms, 

$1,000 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 ^ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 51 



Table 49. 

[For meaning of 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 -Con. 

'text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT^ 





$1.000_. 






rinllars 


Gain of- 


$1 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 




Loss of- 
Less than $1 000 


number.. 

dollars- 


$1 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 





Government payments 

Ottier famn-related income' _ 

Customwork and other agricultural 



Forest products and Christmas trees . 
Other farm-related income sources ... 



Total farms. 

$1,000. 
Corn farms. 



Soybeans - 



Sorghum, barl 

Cotton 

Peanuts, rye. 



, tobacco, and honey. 







Hareested cropland 


acres.. 
. farms.. 




100 to 199 acres 


200 to 499 acres 




1.000 to 1.999 acres 

2 000 acres or more 


Cropland: 




In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not han^ested 
and not pastured 

On which ail crops failed 


acres.. 

. farms., 
acres., 
farms 


In cultivated summer fallow 

Idle . 


acres.. 

- farms.. 

acres. . 

farms 




acres.. 


Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured 


acres.. 
. famis.. 

acres.. 
. farms.. 

acres.. 



See footnotes at end of tabi 

52 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Other ttian family t 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



Conservation reserve program . 



Value of land and buildings^ 



"si.oooi: 

-dollars-. 



irms by v£ 
$1 to $39 



$40,000 to $69.999... 
$70,000 to $99.999... 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 



$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 



Farms by value group: 

$1 toS4.999. 

$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999- 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 









number.. 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) - 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


number.. 

farms.. 

number.. 

— - farms- 
number- 

fams 


Cottonpickers and strippers- 


number- 

farnis- 

number- 




number- 




number- 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 
Commercial fertilizer 



>prays, dusts, granules, fumigants, • 
control - 
Insects on hay and other crops - 

Nematodes in crops 

Diseases in crops and orchards - 



Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 

pasture farms-. 

acres on which used-. 



Chemicals for defoliation or for grovrth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit -.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



25 549 

399 203 

3 603 



72 856 

374 642 

9 672 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 53 



Table 49. 



Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 -Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 







Total 


or family 




Corporation 






Total 


Famil 


held 


Other than family held 


Other - 
cooperative, 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 


institutional! 
etc. 


TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 


701 
474 
153 
74 

700 
473 
153 

627 
45 647 

627 
44 188 

228 
14 633 

227 
14 497 

39 
1 596 

540 
108 
53 

345 
356 

265 
395 
55 
78 
262 

27 
55 
102 
384 
18 8 

133 

9 
71 
145 
87 
70 
80 
78 
57 
104 
527 

611 
90 

2 

567 

43 036 

45 

3 998 

76 
73 
(D) 

9 
1 454 


567 
398 
119 
50 

566 
397 
119 
50 

517 
34 420 

517 
33 299 

170 
9 813 

169 
9 737 

31 
1 197 

451 
73 
43 

259 
308 

200 
333 
37 
58 
238 

34 

17 
40 
91 
316 
19,3 

103 

8 
56 
118 
69 
58 
57 

46 
91 
53.0 

494 
73 

567 
43 036 


45 
29 
10 
6 

45 
29 
10 
6 

39 

2 924 

39 
(D) 

16 
(D) 
16 
(D) 

(D) 

34 
9 
2 

30 
15 

21 
19 
5 
6 
8 

5 

25 
19,2 

12 

5 
5 
5 

3 
8 
6 
8 
552 

38 

45 

3 998 


80 
40 
24 

80 
40 
24 
16 

64 
6 629 

64 
6 552 

40 

(D) 

40 

3 645 

(D) 

53 
22 
5 

52 
28 

42 

36 
10 

15 

2 

7 

6 
40 
14.5 

13 

10 
20 

18 
5 
2 
5 
48.6 

70 
10 

76 
73 
(D) 


76 
38 
24 

76 
24 

62 

TJ 
(D) 

38 

?^ 
(D) 

(D) 

50 
21 
5 

50 
26 

40 
34 
8 

15 

2 

7 
12 
6 
38 
14.8 

13 

10 
19 

7 
18 
5 

5 
48.6 

68 
8 

76 
(D) 
3 
73 


73 
37 
24 
12 

73 
37 
24 
12 

61 
(D) 

(D) 

36 

?i 
(D) 

4 
(D) 

48 
21 

48 
25 

11 

15 
2 

5 
12 
6 
38 
15.2 

12 

10 
19 
11 

7 

18 
2 

5 
48.0 

66 

7 

73 
9 255 

73 


2 

(D) 
2 
(D) 

2 
'°) 
(D) 

3 

2 
2 

2 
2 

2 

2 
9.3 

2 

48.5 

2 

2 

(D) 


2 
2 

'0) 

(D) 
2 
<°) 
(D) 

3 

2 
2 

2 
2 
2 

2 

2 

9.3 

2 

48.6 

2 
2 

(D) 
























Tenants 
















OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned 

Owned land in farms- 

Land rented or leased from others 

Rented or leased land in farms 


acres. . 
. farms- 

' acres- 
. farms- 

_ farms- 
acres.. 


1 674 
7 
(D) 

2 


Land rented or leased to others 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 


(D) 

3 
261 










Operators by principal occupation: 




aher"^ ::::::::::::::::::::; 




Operators by days of work off farm: 




Any 

1 to 99 days 




100 to 199 days 








Operators by years on present farm: 




3 or 4 years 












Avera'ae'years^ori oreserit farm 




Not re orted 




Operators by age group: 
Under 25 years 








35 to 44 years — _ 




50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 


















57.7 


Operators by sex: 








Operators of Spanish origin (see text) ... 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) ._ 

Corporation: 
Family held 

More than 10 stockholders — 

10 or less stockholders 


.. farms- 
acres.. 
.. farms.. 

- farms- 
acres.. 
._ farms- 
.. farms.. 


: 


More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


acres.. 

.. farms.. 

farms 




Other-cooperative, estate or trust. 


.. farms.- 
acres.. 


9 

1 454 



See footnotes at end of table. 

54 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



FARMS BY SIZE 



) acres ... 
69 acres . 



180 to 219 acres - 



) 999 acres 

acres or more . 



(013). 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, excep 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Insh 
potatoes; field crops, except casi 
grains, nee. (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables ; 



Fruits and 



ilons(016) 

i(017) 

I specialties (018) 

General farms, primanly crop (019) ... 
Livestocl<. except dairy, poultry, and 
animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) . 



Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 



LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms.. 





50 to 99 


100 to 199 






Cows and heifers that had calved .. 
Beef cows 


.... farms.. 

number.. 

farms 


Farms with- 
1 to 9 




number.. 


10 to 49 






200 to 499 


500 or more 








number.. 
Farms with- 


S to 9 


10 to 49 






200 to 499 


500 or more 


Heifers and heifer calves . 
Steers, steer calves, bulls 


and bull 


.... farms.. 



Cattle and calves sold 

Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates _ 



See footnotes ; 



) of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 55 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987-Con. 



and symbols, see introductory t 



LIVESTOCK-Con. 



HoQS and Dias inventotv 






number_- 




50 to 99 








Used or to be used for breeding __ 


farms-- 

number_. 




number.. 




number.. 

$1,000.. 

farms.. 



Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 . 
Dec. 1 and May 31 



Sfieep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms- 



Stieep and lambs sold .. 
Sheep and lambs shorn . 



Horses and ponies inventory - 



Goats inventory . 



farms, 
farms- 



POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory _. farms. 
Farms vnth— 



i399- 



400 10 3.199 

3,200 to 9,999 ... 
10,000 to 19,999 . 
20,000 to 49,999 . 
50,000 to 99,999 . 
100,000 or more . 



Hens and pullets of laying age _ 



Hens and pullets sold . 



Broilers and other meat-type chickens 



Turkey hens kept for breeding . 
Turkeys sold 



138 539 



56 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 49. Summary by Type of Organization: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory teirt] 





Total 


Individual 
or family 


Partnership 


Corporation 






Total 


Family held 


Other than 


amity held 


Other - 
cooperative. 




Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


Total 


10 or less 
stock- 
holders 


trust, 
institutional. 


CROPS HARVESTED 


77 
2 OOB 
33 778 

3 

46 
29 
2 

22 

1 410 

259 95B 

(d1 

9 
5 

291 

8 126 

14 125 

3 

28 

189 
85 
17 

182 
4 005 
6 187 

(D) 

99 

1 947 

28 

617 

46 
32 
18 
2 

83 
856 

5I 

44 
25 


65 
2)11; 

39 
24 

2 

15 

807 

128 590 

6 

2 
3 

251 
6 649 
11 632 

(D) 

167 
73 

159 

3 240 

4 932 

(D) 

79 

1 112 

18 

347 

26 
2 

66 

557 

4 

(D) 

38 
21 

7 


7 

219 

4 316 

2 

(D) 

3 
2 

^ 
2 

16 
775 
(D, 

(D) 

7 
5 

10 
509 
715 

13 

696 

8 

(D) 

2 

4 
6 

247 
44 

3 
6 


4 

^ 

(D) 

2 
2 

601 
131 038 

(dI 

2 

iii 
2 

11 

6 

(D) 

2 
2 
2 

7 
(D) 

(D) 

5 


i 

(D) 

2 

2 

601 
131 038 

(d1 

2 

1 

20 
(D) 

12 
6 
2 

11 

IB! 

(D) 
2 
(D) 

2 

2 
2 

7 
(D) 

(0) 

5 

1 


i 

(D) 

2 
2 

601 

131 038 

2 

(D) 

2 

20 
616 
(D) 

12 
6 
2 

11 

6 
(D) 

2 
(D) 

2 
2 
2 

7 
(D) 

(D) 

5 


2 
IS 

2 


i 

2 




tons, green" 
Irrigated lams- 

Farms by aaes haivesled: 


IS 




. 


100 to 249 acres 

2S0 to 499 acres 


- 






tatoes lam«> 


^ 


acres- 


(D) 
(D) 


Farms by acres harvested: 












100 to 249 9 acres 








Hay -alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop. etc. fsee text) - famis- 

tons. dryll 
Irrigated farms.. 


(0I 
(D) 


acres.. 
Farms by acres harvested: 


" 






100 to 249 acres 










- 


Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 
and wild hay (see text) farms.. 

tons, dryi: 
Irriaated farms 


2 
IS 


^ S!:: 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... famis- 
Irrigafed fwre 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 
5.0 to 24.9 acres 
25.0 to 99.9 acres 
100.0 to 249.9 acres 
250.0 acres oi more 

Land in orchards . farms 

acres 

Irrigated farms 

Famis by bearing and nonbeanng acres 
0.1 to 4.9 acres 
5.0 to 24.9 acres 
25.0 to 99.9 acres 
100.0 to 249.9 acres 
250.0 aaes or more 


(D) 
(D) 



s of agricultural products sold < 



) as farms with gains ol less than $1,000. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 57 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

percent. 
Average size of farm acres.. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less ttian $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999.... 

$20,000 to $24,999... 

$25,000 to $39.999. 

$40,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 to $99,999.. 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999.999- 

$1,000,000 or more. 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 

si.oool 

Soybeans farms. 

$1 .000. 

Sorgtium for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000- 
Oats farms. 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms, 

$1,000. 

Tobacco farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

See footnotes at end of table. 

58 RHODE ISLAND 



19 866 

38 

19 300 



(D) 

3 

2 219 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Average per farm __ 

Farms by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text). 

$1,000 to $2,499 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19,999 



$20,000 to $24,999... 
$25,000 to $39,999... 
$40,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 to $249,999. 



Sales of $50,000 or more . 



$1,000.. 
- farms.. 
$1,000.. 



Wheat 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000-. 


Sorghum lor grain _. 


'"$i,oooII 


Oats 


$1,000.. 


Ottier grains 


$1,000.. 
larms 




$1,000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 

Sales ol $50 000 or more 


... farms.. 
$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Tobacco 


larms 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Hay, silage, and Held seeds 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... larms-. 
$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons . 
Sales of $50,000 or more 


... larms.. 
$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Fniits. nuts, and berries 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


Other crops 


farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 






Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms. - 

$1,000.. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 59 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

{For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD -Con 

Total sales (see text)-Con. 

Hogs and pigs -__ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Sheep, lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm_._ dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purchased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4.999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 .__ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agncultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$6,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1 ,000 
Diesel fuel farms 

$1 ,000 
Natural gas farms 

$1,000 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms 

$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table. 



60 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con 

ToUl sales (see text) -Con. 






Sates of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 
farms 


203 




$1,000.. 




Sales of $50,000 or more 

Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) 

Sales of $50,000 or more 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses 


$1,000.- 

.. farms.. 

$1,000.- 

- farms- 
$1,000- 

- (arms- 
$1.000.. 

farms 


64 

53 
295 

(D) 
365 




$1,000.. 


3 854 


Uvestock and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms- 
$1,000- 


III 


$5,000 to $24 999 


s 


$25 000 to $99 999 








Feed for livestock and poultry 


.. farms- 
$1,000- 


228 


Farms with expenses of- 


535 


$5 000 to $24 999 


19 










Commercially mixed formula feeds .. 
Farms with expenses of- 


""$i%'oo- 


102 
259 






$25,000 to $79,999 




$80 000 or more 




Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees 


- farms- 
Si .000- 


93 


Farms with expenses of- 


107 


$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 


13 


$25 000 or more 




Commercial ferlilizer _ _ 

Farms with expenses of- 


- famis- 
$1,000- 


175 
150 


$5,000 to $24,999 


3 


$25 000 to $49 999 








Agricultural chemicals 

Farms with expenses of- 


- farms- 
$1,000- 


145 
72 


$5,000 to $24 999 




$25 000 to $49 999 




$50,000 or more ___ 

Petroleum products 


- farms.. 
$1,000.. 


339 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 


222 
3 


$25 000 to $49 999 










- farms.. 
$1,000.- 

. farms.. 
$1,000- 

. farms- 
Si ,000- 

- farms- 
Si ,000.. 


309 


Diesel fuel .__ _.__ 

Natural gas 


129 
136 
52 

7 


See footnotes at end of table. 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 61 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see r 



Total farming 



Age of operalof (years) 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Cori. 

Total farm production expenses-Con. 

Electncity _ _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witti expenses of— 

$1 to $999 — - 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more -- 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1 ,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$6,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1,000 to $4,999"""IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII! 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Cash rent farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999. 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



62 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbrevialions and symbols, see introductory text) 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



Under 25 25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



Age ol operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



All farms 

Average per farm. 



Average r 



an $1,000 ... 
to $9,999 .— 
) to $49,999 _ 



$10,000 to $49,9 





farms 


Other larm-related income' 


$1,000.- 
farms 


Customwork and other agricultural 


$1,000.- 




$1,000- 


Gross cash rent or share payments .. 


.. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
.. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
-. farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Forest products and Christmas trees . 
Other farm-related income sources ... 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 




Total 


farms 




$1,000.. 


Wheat 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.- 


Sorghum, bariey, and oats 

Cotton 


.- farms- 
$1,000- 


Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey 


$1,000-- 

- farms- - 

$1,000-- 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 



Famis by acres hanrested: 
1 to 49 acres 


acres- 
acres.. 






200 to 499 acres 


500 to 999 acres 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 




Cropland: 
Pasture or grazing only 

In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvestei 


acres— 




acres- 


In cultivated summer fallow 


acres- 




acres.. 








Woodland not pastured .— 


... f^:: 



See footnotes at end of table. 

64 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 





$1.000._ 








dollars 


Gainof- 


$1 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 






number 




rinlbirs 


Lossof- 


$1 000 to $9 999 


$10 000 to $49 999 




GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 


farms 




$1.000.. 


Customwork and other agricultural 
services 


$1,000.. 
- farms.. 



-2 932 

5 981 



Gross cash rent or share payments 



Other farm^elated income sources . 



$1,000.. 
. farms.. 
$1,000.. 



Total - - -.- 

Com 


$1,000-. 

farms 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum, barley, and oats 


$1.000.. 

farms 


Cotton 


$1,000-. 



LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 



Total crtjpland 

Harvested cropland 

Farms by a 
1 to 49 acres _-. 
50 to 99 acres -. 
100 to 199 acres 
200 to 499 acres 



soot 

1,000 t 
2,000 f 



1,999 I 



In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvest 
and not pastured 



On which all crops f 



Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 65 



Table 50. 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farming 

and other 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



Conservation reserve program . 



farms, 
farms. 



Value of land and buildings' 



"SI.OOO;' 
"dollars^ 



'arms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $69.999 . 
$70,000 to $99.999 . 
$100,000 to $149.99! 
$150,000 to $199,99! 



$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 .__ 
$10,000 to $19,999. 



$100,000 to $199,999., 
$200,000 to $499,999., 
$500,000 or more 



Motortrucks, including pickups farms. 

Wheel tractors I 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) I 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more farms. 



Grain and bean combines .. 
Cottonpickers and strippers. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 



acres on which i 
acres on which i 
granules, fumigants, etc., to 



Sprays, 
control - 
Insects on hay and other crops 



Diseases in crops i 
Weeds, grass, or bi 






I of crops or thinning c 
See footnotes at end of table. 



186 264 

552 712 

5 234 



35 431 

562 397 

4 907 



66 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



I lots, ponds, roads, 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs farms.. 



lue of land and buildings' 
Average per farm 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $69,999. _. 
$70,000 to $99,999 ___ 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999., 



$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



) $19,999. 
) $49,999 . 
) $99,999 . 



f^flotortrucks, including pickups , 



Less ttian 40 horsepower (PTO) 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more .. 



Cottonpickers and strippers. 

Mower conditioners 

Pickup balers 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 



Sprays, dusts, granules, 

Insects on hay and other crops farms, 

acres on which used. 

Nematodes in crops farms, 

acres on which used. 

Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 



Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 

control of crops or thinning of fruit farms. 

acres on which used. 



12 750 

202 381 

2 743 



30 060 

334 000 

3 785 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 67 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

IFor meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Black and other races 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land in farms. 



' teased from otfiers . 



farms., 
acres.. 
Rented or leased land in farms farms.. 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of 
On farm operated _-_ 
Not on farm operated 



Other . 

Operators by days of v 
None 



) 99 days 

100 to 199 days- 
200 days or more 



Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 



Average years on present farm 



Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years.. 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 



Average age 

Operators by sex: 

lulale 

Female 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



Individual 
Partnership 



""^Zn....... _ 


farms 


More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


III" farms- 


Other than family held 

More than 10 stockholders 

10 or less stockholders 


acres. 

farms. 

farms- 


Other-cooperative, estate or tmst. 





See footnotes at end of tabl< 

68 RHODE ISLAND 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



(D) 

62 

3 374 

31 
2 524 

2 524 



2 707 

29 

2 607 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



Age of operator (years) 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Owned land In farms _ 



Land rented or leased from others . 
Rented or leased land in farms -. 



Land rented ( 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Ottier _ 



Operators by days of work off farm: 



35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over . 
Average age 



Operators by sex: 

Male , 

Female , 

Operators of Spanisfi ongin (see text) 



Individual or family (sole proprietorsfiip) . 



Corporation: 
Family held 

tulore tha 




n 1 stockholders 


10 or les 


s stockholders 


More tha 
10 or les 


n 10 stockholders 

s stockholders 



Other — cooperative, estate or trust. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



2 601 
(D) 



RHODE ISLAND 69 



Table 50. 

[For meaning of 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

bbrevjations and symbols, see rntroduclory text] 



1987 -Con. 



Total farming 
occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS BY SIZE 











70 to 




100 t 


1 39 acres 










220 t 


259 acres 




499 acres 


500 t 


999 acres 






2,000 


acres or more 



Cash grains (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) _ 
Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Iristi 
potatoes, field crops, except cash 
grains, nee (0133, 0134, 0139) ., 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) __. 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, primarily crop (019) __. 
Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

1(021) 

, except feedlots (0212) . 



Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 



LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory _ 



Cows and heifers that had calved . 
Beef cows 






Heifers and heifer calves 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 


.. farms, 
number. 


Cattle and calves sold 


number. 
.. farms. 




$1,000. 




number. 
$1,000. 


Fattened on grain and concentrates 


number. 

$1,000. 

.. farms. 




$1,000. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



70 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



-Con. 



other occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres 

50 to 69 acres -,_ 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres __ _ 

140 to 179 acres _ 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres _ 

1,000 to 1.999 acres 

2,000 acres or more _. 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Casfi grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) , 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Iristi 
potatoes; field crops, except casfi 
grains, ne.C- (0133, 0134, 0139) _ 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) _ 

Horticultural specialties (018) ., 

General farms, pnmarily crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy (arms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) _ __. 

General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms. 

number. 
Farms witti- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

SOO or more 

Cows and fieifers that had calved farms. 

Beef cows - farms. 

Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 ____ 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 _-__ 

500 or more 

H/lilk cows farms. 

number. 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199___. 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 

Cattle and calves sold .__ farms. 

si.ooo! 

Calves farms. 

si.ooo! 

Cattle farms. 

si.ooo: 

1 gram and concentrates ... farms, 
number. 
$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 71 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



Age of operatof (years) 




30 467 
196 508 



(D) 

3 

96 374 



72 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. 

[For meaning o1 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 



and symbols, see introductory t 



Other occupations 




1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 73 



Table 50. 

[For meaning ol 



Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987 

I symbols, see introductory text) 



Con. 



Total farming 

and ottier 

occupations 



Age of operator (years) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for silage or green chop farms. 

tons, green. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres tian/ested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres — 

500 acres or more 

Irish potatoes farms. 

acres. 

Imgated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

5.0 to 24.9 acres __ 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

fHay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. {see text) .. farms. 

tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres _. 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 
and wild hay (see text) farms. 

tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ,_. farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24 9 acres .-._ 

25.0 to 99.9 acres ..- 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Land in orchards _ farms. 

Imgated farms. 

Farms by beartng and nonbearing acres: 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99 9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Id of table. 



252 908 
2 
(D) 



74 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 50. Summary by Age and Principal Occupation of Operator: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Age of operator (years) 



25 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn for silage or green cfiop farms.. 









1 00 to 249 acres 


250 to 499 acres 


500 acres or more 




farms 




cwt_. 


1 to 4 9 acres 


acres-. 






100 to 249 9 acres 





Hay— alfalfa, otfier tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green ctiop. 



(see text) .. farms. 





farms" 


Farms by acres fian/ested: 


acres.. 




100 to 249 acres . . 


250 to 499 acres 




ame f>ay ottier ttian alfalfa, small grain, 
and wild fiay (see text) 


. farms.. 



for sale (see text) . 



Farms by acres fiarvested: 



s by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

to 4.9 acres 

to 24.9 acres 



s sold are included as farms witfi gains of l< 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 75 



Table 51. 



Summary by Size of Farm: 

I symbols, see introductory teict] 



1987 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



otal sales (see texl) 

Average per farm 


... farms- 

$1,000.. 

...dollars.. 


Farms by value ol sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1 000 to $2 499 














$40 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $249 999 


$250 000 to $499 999 


$500 000 to $999 999 






farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Corn (or grain 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Sorghum for grain _ 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


Oats 


$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 

Sales ol $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms-- 

$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 




farms 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons 


... farms.. 

$1,000.. 
... farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 




farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Nursery and greenhouse crops 


"""$1,000- 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


Other croDS 


farms 


Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1,000.. 
""$1,000- 


Poultry and poultry oroducts 


farms 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 






Sales of $50,000 or more 


$1.000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 


Cattle and calves 

Sales of $50,000 or more 


... farms.. 

$1,000-. 
.- farms.. 

$1,000.. 



See footnotes at end of table. 

76 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

[For meaning o1 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number. 

percent. 

Land in famis acres. 

Average size ol farm acres. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm dollars. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2,499 __ 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 10 $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249,999 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wfieat-- farms. 

$1,000. 
Soybeans _., farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorgfium for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley _ farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms- 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

CkJtton and cottonseed farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Tobacco.. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more famis. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and berries farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops. farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops __ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sates of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farnis. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
See 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 77 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



'- 


Total 


1 to 9 
acres 


10 to 49 
acres 


50 to 69 


70 to 99 


100 to 139 
acres 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD- Con 

Total sales (see text)-Con. 


.. (arms.. 


49 

568 

2 

(D) 

73 
103 

462 

(o1 

702 
29 736 
42 359 

248 

1 146 

213 
25 
9 

393 
3 684 

296 
60 
34 
3 

219 

2 843 

145 
44 
23 

7 

237 
1 396 

155 
47 
20 
15 

399 
1 335 

37 
3 
6 

355 
778 

322 
27 

2 

659 
1 390 

607 
42 
9 

599 
621 
271 
433 
24 
25 

405 
311 


6 
84 

10 

27 
71 

104 
1 281 
12 315 

29 
88 

26 
2 

44 
240 

34 
9 

24 
180 

18 

5 

1 

36 
117 

22 

9 

2 

31 
20 

30 

1 

48 
20 

48 

94 
76 

91 
3 

79 
38 
12 
12 
12 

50 


349 

29 
59 

28 

250 
4 116 
16 462 

86 
376 

78 
3 
5 

123 
736 

105 
12 
5 

66 
478 

59 
3 
3 

46 
70 

35 
6 
5 

125 
124 

122 
61 

121 

234 
243 

224 
9 

215 
117 
72 
35 

7 

103 
83 


6 
39 

10 
(D) 

10 
232 

(D) 

62 
1 766 
28 324 

20 
137 

17 
2 

29 
272 

16 
2 

25 
180 

8 

18 
80 

10 

3 

33 
62 

30 
3 

30 
4B 

28 

60 
112 

55 

(D) 
36 
15 

(D) 

51 
53 


13 
24 

4 

8 

75 
2 160 
28 794 

25 
45 

24 

51 
380 

7 
2 

25 
230 

7 

13 
67 

1 

63 
60 

62 

1 

37 
34 

65 
98 

61 

57 
29 
19 
2 
(D) 

(D) 


7 


Sales of $50,000 Of more 

Sheep, lambs, and wool 


$1,000_. 

.. farms., 

$1,000.. 

.. (arms.. 
$1.000.. 


70 

6 
(D) 


Other livestock and livestock products 
(see text) 


$1,000.. 

.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


7 
10 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total (arm production expenses 

Average per (arm 

Livestock and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses o(- 
$1 to $4,999 


$1,000.. 

""$1%00-; 
..dollars.. 

"'$i*ooo:: 


70 
3 917 
55 956 

23 
299 

17 
5 


$25,000 to $99,999 _ 


; 




farms 


57 




$1,000.. 


46 




7 






$100 000 or more 




Commercially mixed formula (eeds . 
Farms with expenses o(- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


29 
720 

21 


$5,000 to $24,999 


5 
2 










39 


Farms with expenses o(- 
$1to$999- 


$1.000.. 


107 
29 




2 






Commercial (ertilizer 

Farms with expenses o(- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


37 
86 

31 




6 






$50 000 or more 








30 


Farms with expenses o(- 


$1.000.. 


(D) 
23 










$50 000 or more 




Petroleum products 

Farms with expenses o(- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


70 
119 






$25 000 to $49 999 




$50 000 or more 






farms 


68 


Diesel (uel 


$1.000.. 
farms 


38 


Natural gas 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 


$1.000.. 

... farms.. 

$1.000.. 

... farms-. 
$1.000.. 


2 

(D) 

48 
(D) 



See footnotes at < 



78 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

[For meaning oi 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

bbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD-Con. 

Total sales (see text) -Con. 
Hogs and pigs farms, 

$1,000, 

Sales ot $50,000 or more farms, 

$1,000, 

Sfieep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sates of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Otfier livestock and livestock products 

(see text) farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more (arms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm. ...dollars. 

Livestock and pc 

Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 ._ 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $79,999-.- 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 - 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemicals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$6,000 to $24,999 - 

$25,000 to $49,999 -. 

$60,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 - 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas , farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil. 
grease, etc - farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 79 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Item 


Total 


1 to8 


10 to 49 
acres 


acres 


acres 


acres 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 


452 
549 

327 
108 
16 

214 
9 536 

113 
52 
28 

21 

66 
531 

18 
33 
12 
3 

588 
1 744 

514 
64 
5 

5 

97 
183 

67 
21 

2 

1 298 

173 
57 
9 

177 
875 

26 

108 
38 
5 

105 
423 

36 
54 
12 
3 

122 
786 

95 
15 
4 
6 

635 
1 795 

15 
2 

624 
3 583 

530 


61 
43 

51 
9 

1 

40 
172 

32 
6 
2 

14 
27 

8 
2 

70 
77 

67 
3 

25 

24 

50 

21 
3 

12 
28 

2 
8 
2 

17 
22 

5 
1 

2 

7 

86 
108 

85 

230 
88 

e 

2 


95 

118 
24 
2 

51 
662 

29 

10 

26 
79 

8 
12 
6 

221 
319 

208 

13 

21 
16 

80 
229 

69 

69 

51 
9 

19 
25 

8 
10 

28 
56 

24 

^9 

213 
10 

221 
623 

203 
13 


42 

39 

33 
2 

18 
389 

7 
8 
2 

5 
21 

3 

59 
122 

53 
6 

3 

38 

12 
2 

28 

5 
2 

8 
10 

5 

10 
27 

58 
185 

14 

58 
223 

50 
5 
2 

1 


52 
72 

30 
21 

32 
537 

22 

5 

3 
53 

2 

1 

63 
102 

56 

7 

: 

7 
10 

22 

79 

19 

9 
42 

2 
5 
2 

17 
37 

3 
14 

10 

31 

3 

72 
295 

50 
18 

58 
287 

49 


55 


$1.000.. 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


110 
43 




10 








1 




17 


$1,000.. 
Farms with eitpenses of- 


987 




5 












5 


" " $1.000.. 

Fanns with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


(D) 

1 
















63 


$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses ot- 
$1 to $4 999 


201 
55 




6 






$50 000 or more 




machinery and equipment farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


11 
16 






$5 000 to $24 999 










41 


"^ $1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


225 


$5 000 to $24 999 


10 




2 






Secured by real estate si'SSo"" 

Farms with expenses of- 


36 
191 




13 


$5 000 to $24 999 


12 


$25 000 or more 






9 


$1.000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


34 

5 


$1 000 to $4 999 


2 


$5 000 to $24 999 








farms 


13 


$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses of- 


38 
10 




! 


$10 000 to $24 999 










60 


Pnjperty taxes -^vS^:: 

Farms with expenses of- 


179 
52 






$10000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 




All other farm production expenses tamis.. 

$1,000.. 
Farms with expenses ot- 


62 
660 

51 


$5,000 to $24.999 




S50.000 or more 





80 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 51. 



[For meaning ot eibbreviations 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 81 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 





uctory text] 












'- 


Total 


1 to 9 
acres 


10 to 49 
acres 


""°cll 


70 to 99 
acres 


100 to 139 


NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 














All farms.. number.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 


702 
7 443 
10 603 


104 

392 

3 772 


250 

566 

2 266 


62 

222 

3 584 


75 

563 

7 512 


70 

716 

10 232 


Farms with net gains' .number.. 

Average net gain ..dollars.. 


285 
35 812 


55 
11 725 


80 
19 894 


31 
18 473 


27 840 


30 
32 979 


Gain ot- 


46 
108 
81 


18 
20 
12 


16 
38 
13 


15 
12 
3 


3 
9 
17 
2 










12 








6 626 


5 155 


170 
6 030 


31 
11 305 


6 810 


40 


Average net loss dollars.. 


6 828 


Loss of- 


73 

55 
6 


13 
30 
5 

1 


28 

125 

15 

2 


2 
24 


2 
39 
3 


14 




15 






$50 000 or more 




GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 














Government payments farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other farm-related income' farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Customwork and other agncultural 

$1.000.. 


42 
39 
152 

30 
106 


2 
(D) 
10 
39 

20 


9 

2 

32 

152 

12 
61 


5 
13 

(D) 


3 
24 
34 


2 
21 
74 

5 
(D) 


Gross cash rent or share payments farms,. 

$1.000.. 
Forest products and Chnstmas trees farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other farm-related income sources farms.. 

$1.000.. 


51 
71 
64 

112 
42 

125 


3 
(D) 

(D) 

12 


25 

17 
6 
49 


(D) 

6 
6 
18 


22 
4 

7 


2 

(D) 
13 
37 
13 
28 


COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 














Total farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Corn farms.. 

$1.000.. 


': 


I 










$1.000.. 

Soybeans farms.. 

$1,000.. 






': 


': 






': 




$1.000.. 
Cotton -. '*™^- 

$1.000.. 
Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey... farms.. 

$1.000.. 




LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 














Total croDland (arms 


597 
26 121 

523 
18 498 

410 
71 
27 
13 
2 


80 
211 

68 
161 

68 


213 
3 056 

182 
1 991 

182 


61 
1 798 

54 
1 284 

45 
9 


66 

54 
1 701 

39 
15 


64 


acres- 
Harvested cropland farms.. 


59 
2 949 

31 






1 00 to 1 99 acres 










- 










Cropland; 


242 
4 513 

57 
582 
15 
94 
6 

96 


(D) 
(D) 


84 
806 

16 
90 
6 
ID) 

25 
(D) 


21 
266 

5 
(D) 

(D) 
198 


40 
734 

14 
132 

(D) 
2 

249 


22 


In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 

and not pastured farms.. 

acres.. 
On which all crops (ailed farms.. 

acres.. 
In cultivated summer fallow farms.. 

acres.- 
Idle farms 


li 
9 






Total woodland - farms.. 


366 
22 743 

117 
3 700 

321 
19 043 


12 

1 
9 
9 


118 
1 538 
36 
344 
99 
1 194 


40 
1 330 

251 

35 

1 079 


48 

2 087 

22 

348 

1 739 


51 


Woodland pastured (armsll 

acres.. 

Woodland not pastured farms.. 

acres.. 


153 

48 

2 607 



See footnotes at end of table. 

82 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 






All farms 

Average per farm 


"" $i,ooo;; 

...dollars.. 


349 
7 937 


F th nel oa ns2 






Average net gain 


...dollars.. 


35 723 


Gain of- 




2 










$50 000 or more 


5 














Loss ot- 
Less than $1,000 — 


7 


$10 000 to $49 999 


5 


$50,000 or more 





Government payments 

Other farm-related income' 



. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
. farms.. 

$1.000.. 



Customwork and other agricultural 



Gross cash rent i 
Forest products anc 
Other farm-related i 



share payments 
Id Chnstmas trees 



Total 


"$i.ooo:: 




$1.000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Cotton 


$1.000.. 
farms 


Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 

LAND IN FARMS ACCORDING TO 
USE 


$1,000.. 
. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


Harvested cropland 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 49 acres 


. farms" 
acres.. 






200 to 499 acres 


500 to 999 acres 






Cropland: 

Pasture or grazing only 

In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 

and not pastured 


.. farms.. 

.. farms.. 
farms 






acres.. 
Idle farms 




acres.. 




farms 


Woodland not pastured 


.. farmsl- 



15 947 

7 
21 995 



1 372 

20 

3 230 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 83 



Table 51. 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



wasteland, etc. 

Cropland under federal acreage r 

I commodity acreage adjustment 



alue of land and buildings' 


farms'; 


Average per farm 

Average per acre 

Farms by value group: 
$1 to $39 999 


$1,000. _ 

dollars.. 

dollars.. 


$40 000 to $69 999 






$150 000 to $199,999 






$1,000,000 to $1.999.999 

$2,000,000 to $4.999.999 

$5,000,000 or more 



and equipment 

Farms by value group: 
$1 to $4,999 


$i.ooo:: 


$5 000 to $9 999 






$50 000 to $99 999 









fulotortrucks, including pickups 

Wtleel tractors 


farms.. 

number.. 


Less tfian 40 fiorsepower (PTO) .. 
40 fiorsepower (PTO) or more 


farms" 

number.. 
farms.. 


Cottonpickers and strippers 

Mower conditioners 


number.. 

farms- 
number.. 

farms- 
number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer 

acres o 


number.. 

farms- 

n which used- 


acres o 

control - 
Insects on fiay and other crops ... 
acres o 
Nematodes in crops ._ 

Diseases in crops and orcfiards--- 

acres o 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops an 


n which used., 
tons.. 

iiwhich used- 

farms.. 

n which used.. 

n which used- 
i 


acres on which used- 
Chemicals (or defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit .. farms.. 



11 430 
109 904 
37 231 



23 712 

362 452 

6 785 



35 438 

472 507 

5 977 



84 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



J lots, ponds, roads. 



Cropland under federal acreage 



! of land and buildings' . 



: group: 



Farms by \ 
$1 to $39,999: 
$40,000 to $69.999... 
$70,000 to $99.999... 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 

$200,000 to $499,999. 



$10,000 to $19,999... 
$20,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 to $99,999 ... 

$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more .... 



Motorlnjcks. including pickups 

Wfieel tractors 


.... farms., 
number- 
farms 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) ... 

Grain and bean combines 

Cottonpickers and strippers.... 

Mower conditioners 


.... farms., 
number.. 
farms- 
number.. 

farms.. 

farms.. 

number.. 
farms.. 

number.. 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer 


number.. 




which used.. 


acres on 

Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc 

Insects on hay and other crops .... 

acres on 

Nematodes in crops 

Diseases in crops and orchards .... 

acres on 

Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 


which used.. 

farms.. 

which used.. 
..... farms-. 

farms.. 

which used.. 


acres on 

Chemicals for defoliation or for growth 
control of crops or thinning of fruit .. 

See footnotes at end of table 


..... farms.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 85 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Item 


Total 


1 to 9 
acres 


10 to 49 


50 to 69 
acres 


70 to 99 
acres 


too to 139 
acres 


TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 


701 
474 
153 

700 
473 
153 

1 

627 
45 647 

627 
44 188 

,4ii 

227 

14 497 

39 
1 595 

540 
108 
53 

345 
356 

265 
395 
55 
78 
262 

27 
55 
102 
384 
18.8 

133 

9 
71 
145 
87 
70 

80 
78 
57 
104 
52.7 

90 
2 

567 

43 036 

45 

3 998 

76 
(D) 

73 
(D) 

9 
1 454 


131 

7 
21 

130 
102 

7 
21 

110 
539 
110 
413 

72 
28 

71 

5 
127 

83 

n 

43 
79 
13 
17 
49 

9 

,? 
26 
59 
16.0 

27 

i 
13 
9 

11 

10 

19 

49.8 

98 
33 

107 

407 

6 

16 

16 
(D) 

16 

(D) 

I 

(D) 


250 
179 
42 
29 

■ 250 
179 
42 
29 

221 

4 941 

4f6; 

72 
1 514 

71 
1 479 

7 
210 

199 
39 
12 

109 

86 

153 
10 

110 

11 

19 
34 
138 
18 2 

48 

2 
18 
68 
24 
28 

27 
27 
26 
30 

52.1 

218 
32 

218 

5 451 
12 
301 

16 
350 

16 
(D) 

3 
(D) 


66 

13 
6 

66 

13 
6 

60 

3 121 

769 
19 
769 

2 
(D) 

62 
2 
2 

31 
35 

17 
43 
6 
10 
27 

6 

6 

6 

44 

20.5 

10 

9 
9 
10 

7 

11 

6 
52.1 

61 
5 

50 

2 905 

6 

(D) 

9 
547 

(D) 


46 

3 

67 
46 
18 
3 

64 
5 151 

64 
4 585 

21 

21 
932 

9 
566 

60 
5 
2 

24 

23 

8 
29 

3 

9 
12 

18.1 

2 

8 

17 
8 

9 
8 

3 

6 

51.1 

61 
6 

1 

56 
4 629 

(D) 

7 
538 

6 

(D) 


67 




38 


Pari owners 


















24 


Tenants — — 


5 












. 


OWNED AND RENTED LAND 




62 


Owned land in farms 


_ farms! 1 
acres.. 

. farms - 

acres.. 
. farms.. 


^2 


Land rented or leased from others 

Rented or leased land in farms 

Land rented or leased to others 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 


5 469 

29 

29 
2 223 

2 
(D) 

51 








5 


Operators by principal occupation: 


39 






Operators by days of work off fami: 
None 


25 




34 




9 






200 days or more 


20 






Operators by years on present farm: 






5 








37 








9 


Operators by age group: 








35 to 44 years 


13 


45 to 49 years 


9 




5 


55 to 59 years 


9 


60 to 64 years 


6 




6 










Operators by sex: 


63 


Female 








FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole propnetorship) __ 


.. famis.. 


50 

5 659 

9 


Corporation: 
Family held 


acres-, 
farms 


6 








10 or less stockholders 

Other than family held 


.. farms- 
_- farms.. 


2 

(D) 






Other -cooperative, estate or tnjst, 
institutional, etc 


_. farms.. 


: 



See footnotes at end of table. 

86 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land rented or leased from otfiers . 
Rented or leased land in farms .. 



Land rented or l< 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



acres- 
farms.. 



Operators by place c 
On farm operated -_. 
Not on farm operated 
Not reported 



Operators by principal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 



Any . 



to 9 years 

years or more 

Average years on present farm . 



Operators by age group: 
25 to 34 years 



Female , 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) . 



lily (sole proprietorship) . 



Corporation: 




t^ore than 10 stockholders — 

10 or less stockholders _._ 




More than 
10 or less 


10 stockholders 



farms, 
farms. 

acres, 
farms. 

acres.. 



Other — cooperative. 



3 503 

21 

3 343 

10 
1 181 

10 
1 181 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



3 038 

20 

3 038 



2.000 acres or 



RHODE ISLAND 87 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 




131 


10 to 49 acres 


250 






100 to 139 acres 


67 


140 to 179 acres 




180 to 219 acres 


23 


260 to 499 acres 


33 


500 to 999 acres 












FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 












Tobacco (0132) 




grains, n.e.c. (0133, 0134, 0139) 


98 










Hortteultural specialties (018) 


95 






Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 




Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 


S3 






^,S^S^cS§e%%%- - 


25 
71 


General farms, primarily livestock and 


10 

253 
6930 


LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 


.. farms- 




89 


SO to 99 


M 


100 to 199 


" 






500 or mori"::::"" " " "" 




Cows and heifeis that had calved ... 


fanns 


211 


Beef cows 


number 

farms, 
number.. 


4 106 
156 


Farms with- 
1 to 9 


1 133 










100 to 199 




200 to 499 














Farms with- 
1 to4 


2 975 










50 to 99... 


23 


100 to 199 












Heifers and heifer calves 


farms 




Steers, steer caNas, twlls, and bull 


number.. 


2 048 




number.. 


774 


Calves 


number.. 
$1.000.. 


?^ 


Cattle 


number.. 
$1,000.. 


1 675 
166 
179 

1 584 
838 
59 

^1 


Fattened on grain and concentrates 
See footnotes at end of table. 

88 RHODE ISLAND 


$1,000.. 

- farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 51. 

(Fof meaning ol 



Summary by Size of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



- 


140 to 179 


180 to 219 


220 to 259 


260 to 499 


500 to 999 
acres 


1,000 to 1,999 
acres 


2.000 acres or 
more 


FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 
10 to 49 acres 
50 to 69 acres 
70 to 99 acres 


41 

1 
8 

8 

3 
6 
2 

10 
6 

S 

19 
680 

6 
8 
2 
3 

15 
379 
10 
86 

7 
3 

6 
293 

4 

15 
225 

10 
76 

15 
311 

87 

8 

160 

20 

15 
151 

68 

38 
19 


23 

2 

2 

2 

7 
5 

4 
2 

2 

3 

13 
534 

3 
6 
3 

12 

360 

8 

(D) 

3 

5 

5 
(D) 

3 

7 
162 

12 
12 

r. 

11 
165 

14 

1^ 
58 
2 

E! 

(D) 


10 

301 

157 
(D) 

2 
2 

2 

(D) 

2 

116 

5 
28 

7 
173 
76 

85 
B 
7 
88 
68 
2 

18! 


33 

3 
5 

6 

12 

1 

21 
1 845 

3 
5 
7 
3 
3 

19 

1 133 

9 

59 

7 
2 

12 
1 074 

5 
3 

17 
578 

15 
134 

21 
823 

144 
17 

s 

66 
25 


1 
1 

7 

3 
2 

P) 
2 

(D) 
(D) 

2 
2 

(D) 
(D) 

i 

i 

Si 

2 


2 

2 

2 

2 

(D) 

2 

,o, 

(D) 
2 

2 

(D) 

2 

(D) 

i 

(D) 
(D) 

1 

S! 




140 to 179 acres 
180 to 219 acres 


: 


260 to 499 acres 
500 to 999 acres 


; 


2,000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 




Field crops ej(cept aeh grains (013) 








Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar t>eets Irish 

grains, nee (0133 0134 0139) 


' 






Fniits and tree nuts (017) 


- 




. 


Uvestock. except dairy, poultry, and 








Daily laims (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 


- 




_ 


General lams, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

UVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory 

1 to 9 


.. farms- 
number.. 


: 


10 to 49 




50 to 99 








200 to 499 




500 or more 






farms 






number-. 


- 


number__ 

■^T^r*:-.-. .- 








so to 99 




100 to 199 




200 to 499 




MO S ^"i:::::::::::::::: :::::::: 


. 


Milk cows 


tenT« 




Farms with- 
1 104 






. 






50 to 99 




100 to 199 






_ 






Heifers and heifer calves 


farms 




Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves 


number., 
farms 


" 






; 


Calves 

Cattle 

Fattened on grain and concentrates 


number.. 

$1,000.. 
.. farms.. 

number.. 

$1,000_- 
.. farms- 

"$i,ooo:: 

"number" 
$1,000.- 


! 



See footnotes at end of table 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 89 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory _,, farms. 

25 to 49lllllll^im^l\[lll'll^l"lll^. 

100 to ^99Vl]l^llllmlll^"l^l^l^. 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms. 

number. 
Other farms. 

number. 

Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

$1,OOo! 
Feeder pigs farms. 

$i.ooo; 

Litters of pigs farrowed between - 
Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov, 30 ___ farms. 

Dec, 1 and Ivlay 31 farms. 

number. 
June 1 and Nov. 30 farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

number. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. 

number. 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number, 
pounds of wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold farms. 

Goats inventory farms- 

Goats sold farms. 

number. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory __ farms. 

Farms with — 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 _ 

3,200 to 9.999 

10,000 to 19.999 _ __ 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99.999 __ __ 

100,000 or more _ _ _ 

Hens and pullets of laying age_ _. farms. 

number. 
Pullets 3 months old or older not of 
laying age farms. 

Hens and pullets sold _ farms- 
number. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold- farms. 

number. 

1 to 1,999 _... 

2,000 to 59,999 __. 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding _ farms- 
number. 

Turkeys sold farms- 

number- 
See footnotes at end of table. 



2 085 

62 

1 521 



(D) 
10 106 



90 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms- 

Farms witti- 

1 to 24 - 

25 to 49 — 

50 to 99 

100 to 199. _ 

ZOO to 499__ 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding famis- 

number. 

Other - farms- 
number. 

Hogs and pigs sold __ famis- 

$1.000l 
Feeder pigs farms- 
number. 
$1,000. 

Utters of pigs farrowed between — 
Dec- 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms. 

Dec. 1 and May 31 farms. 

June 1 and Nov. 30 farms. 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms- 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms, 

Sheep and lambs sold farms. 

number- 
Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

number, 
pounds of wool. 

Horses and ponies inventory farms. 

Horses and ponies sold _._ farms. 

Goats inventory farms. 

Goats sold farms. 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory .. farms. 
Farms with- 

400 to 3199 IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII'II"!!" 

3,200 to 9,999 

10.000 to 19,999 

20,000 to 49,999 

50,000 to 99.999 

100,000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 
laying age farms. 

Hens and pullets sold farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 
sold. farms- 

1 to 1.999 

2,000 to 59,999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

Turkeys sold farms. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 91 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



CROPS HARVESTED 



Corn tor silage or green chop farms 

tons, green 

Irrigated farms 

acres 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres _, 

100 to 249 acres _ 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Insh potatoes farms. 

cwt! 

Irrigated _ farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more _ 

Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) ._ farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by a 
1 to 24 a 
25 to 99 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 

and wild hay {see text) farms. 

acres. 

tons. dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

Vegetables harvested for sale {see text) ,_, farms. 

Irrigated farms. 

Farms by acres harvested; 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms. 

acres. 
Irrigated farms. 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 

0.1 to 4.9 acres _ 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

26.0 to 99.9 acres _ 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more _ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



92 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 51. Summary by Size of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Ite. 


140 to 179 
acres 


180 to 219 
acres 


220 to 259 
acres 


260 to 499 
acres 


500 to 999 
acres 


1,000 to 1,999 


2,000 acres or 
more 


CROPS HARVESTED 


6 

190 

2 800 

2 

4 

IS 

24 

918 

1 441 

11 
2 

508 
672 

(D) 
2 
(D) 

2 

7 
205 

2 
6 


5 

186 

3 054 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
3 

331 
380 

(D) 

(0) 

1 

(D) 

1 

2 
(D) 

2 


2 

627 
605 

4 
2 
3 

118 
159 

60 
2 
(D) 

2 

2 

2 


13 

813 

14 581 

2 

3 

105 

16 290 

(D) 

2 

20 
1 145 
2444 

9 

7 

14 

602 

1 225 

471 
2 
(D) 

3 
85 

2 


(D) 

146 470 

2 

3 

2 
2 

IS 

(D) 
(0) 


2 

(D) 
(D) 

1 

i 

2 

(D) 
(D) 




acres., 
tons, green- _ 


I 


acres__ 
Farms by acres harvested: 


- 






100 to 249 acres 












Irish potatoes farms.. 

cwt.. 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 4 9 acres 


': 




' 






1 00 to 249 9 acres 




250 acres or more 




Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms., 
acres., 
tons, dry.. 


I 


acres.. 
1 to 24 acres .' _ 


: 


100 to 249 acres 




250 to 499 acres 








Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain. 




tons, dry.- 

Irrigated farms.. 

acres.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... farms.. 
Irrigated farms" 

1 to 4 9 acres 








25.0 to 99.9 acres 




100 to 249 9 acres 








Land in orchards farms 


. 


acres.. 
Imgated farms.. 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 
1 to 4 9 acres 












1 00.0 to 249.9 acres 




250 acres or more 









i famis with gains of less t 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 93 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Farms number 

percent 

Land in farms -- acres 

Average size of farm .acres 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms 

$1,000 
Average per farm dollars 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less ttian $1,000 (see text) , 

$1,000 to $2,499 , 

$2,500 to $4,999 , 

$5,000 to $9,999 - _ 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999. 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99.999 , 

$100,000 to $249,999 , 

$250,000 to $499,999 , 

$500,000 to $999,999 , 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains... farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Corn for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms. 

$1 ,000. 
farms. 

$1,000. 

Sorghum for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Barley farms. 

$1,000. 
Oats farms- 

$1,000. 
Other grains farms. 

$1,000. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms 

$1,000. 

Sates of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000. 

Tobacco... farms- 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Fruits, nuts, and benies farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other crops farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more famns. 

$1,000. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms 

$1,000. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 

94 RHODE ISLAND 



15 569 
15 569 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 

(For meaning of : 



1987 -Con. 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 





percent.. 


Average size of (arm 


acres-- 


MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 




Total sales (see text) 

Average per farm 


_.- farms.. 

$1.000.. 

...dollars.. 


Farms by value of sales. 
Less ttian $1 000 (see text) 




$1 000 to $2 499 














$50 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $249 999 




$500 000 to $999 999 


$1 000 000 or more 




Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


Com for grain 


... farms-. 
$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Sorgtium for grain 


... farms.- 
$1,000.. 


Oats 


$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 


... farms.. 



$1,000. 

■"$i.oooi: 

.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 



Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000- 

Vegetables. sweet corn, and melons farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms- 

$1,000- 



Fruits, nuts, and ben 
Sales of $50,000 < 



.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. (arms- 

$1,000- 



s farms- 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 



Otfier crops 

Sales of $50,000 or r 



Poultry and poultry products . 
Sales of $50,000 or more . 



es of $50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 95 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD -Con. 

Total sales (see text)-Ck)n. 

Hogs and pigs farms 

$1,000 

Sales of $50,000 or mofe farms 

$1,000 

Slieep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text) _ farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
dollars. 

famis. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24.999 

$25,000 to $99,999 _. 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Commercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 _. 

$5,000 to $24,999 .._ 

$25,000 to $79,999 __ 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, Ijultis, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999_._ _ 

$1,000 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 or more _. 

Commercial fertilizer farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ _ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more 

Agricultural chemk»ls farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 ___ 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $49.999 

$50,000 or more _ 

Gasoline and gasohol farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms. 

$1,000. 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms. 

$1,000. 
> at end of table. 



96 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

(For inaanir 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 97 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farm production expenses— Con. 



Electricitv 


farms 


Farms with expenses ol- 


$1,000.- 












Farms with expenses ol- 


$1,000.. 










farms 


Farms with expenses ol- 


$1.000_. 


«i nnn?^ 54999'" 










Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.- 








machinery and equipment — . 

Farms with expenses ot- 


"$1,000;; 








Interesl expense 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1,000- 






$100,000 or more . — - - 



Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 



$1 to $999 - 

$1,000 to $4,999- 
$5,000 to $24,999 - 
$25,000 or more - 



Cash rent - 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 










farms 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000-. 






$25,000 or more - 



All other farm production expenses . 



Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999... 



$500,000 or more 



See footnotes i 



98 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 52. 

[For meaning oi 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 

i symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses -Con. 

Electricity , farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Contract labor farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more ___. 

Repair and maintenance farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms witfi expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 

machinery and equipment farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Interest expense farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 _ 

$25,000 to $99,999 ___ 

$100,000 or more 

Secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999.- _ 

$1,000 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $24,999 __ 

$25,000 or more 

Not secured by real estate farms. 

$1,000. 

Famis with expenses of- 

$1 to $999. ._. 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more _. 

Cash rent... famis. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Property taxes farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

All other farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 99 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory textj 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Avera e er farm 


Sf.OOO.. 
dollars 






Average net gain 

Gain o(- 
Less ttian $f 000 


dollars- 






$50 000 or more 






Loss of- 









farms 




$1,000_ 








$1,000_ 


Customwfork and other agricultural 










$1,000. 


Gross casfi rent or stiare payments 


._. farms- 




si. 000. 


Forest products and Christmas trees 














$1.000.. 



otal 






farms 


Corn 






$1,000. 








$1,000- 


Soybeans 






$1,000. 


Sorghum, barley 


and oats.. 




$1,000. 

.- farms- 
$1,000- 


Peanuts, rye. rice 


. tobacco, a 


nd honey. 


$1,000- 

-. farms- 

$1,000- 



Total cropland farms.. 

acres-. 
Harvested cropland farms- 
acres.. 
, Farms by acres harvested: 



50 to 99 acres 

100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres ---- 

500 to 999 acres 

1 ,000 to 1 ,999 acres - 



Total \ 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end of table. 

100 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



Gain of- 
Less than $1.000 — 
$1,000 to $9,999 __- 
$10,000 to $49,999 _ 
$50,000 or more __. 



Government payments 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 






$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 


Forest products and Christmas trees 


... farms.. 

$1,000-. 
... farms.. 

$1.000.. 

"""$i%'oo:; 


Ottier farm-related income sources .. 



Total 

Com 

Wheat.... 
Soybeans. 

Sorghum, b 
Cotton 



$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 

""si.ooo! 



Farms by acres harvested; 



100 to 199 acres 

200 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1.000 to 1.999 acres - 



In which all crops failed ... 
I cultivated summer fallow . 



Total woodland. 



I pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 101 



Table 52 Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



$600,000 or more 



)ts. ponds, roads, 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 

Annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs 



Consen^ation reserve program . 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $69,999 _.. 
$70,000 to $99,999. _. 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $9.999... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 10 $49,999 . 
$50,000 to $99,999 . 



$100,000 10 $199,999. 
$200,000 10 $499,999. 
$500,000 or more 





"""number; 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) .. 
40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


number. 
farms. 

number. 
farms. 

number. 

farms 




number. 


Mower conditioners . 


number, 
farms 




number. 




number. 



AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 

Commercial fertilizer 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. 
insects on hay and other crops . 

I crops and orchards . 



60 214 

3 542 000 

8 962 



1 090 

15 
3 200 



15 390 

026 000 

6 218 



See footnotes at end of table. 



102 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see inlroductory text] 



1987-Con. 



Pastureland and rangeland other than 
Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 


.. farms- . 
acres.. 


Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 


acres- - 


Value of land and buildings' 


acres.. 

.. farms.. 

acres.. 

farms 


Average per farm. 


$1.000.. 
..dollars.. 


'Tl%l%%':°"': 




$70 000 to $99 999 


$100 000 to $149 999 




$200 000 to $499 999 


$500 000 to $999 999 






$5,000,000 or more 



Estimated market value of all machinery 


Farms by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 . — . 


$1.000.. 




$10,000 to $19,999 


$20 000 to $49 999 


$50,000 to $99,999 


$100 000 to $199,999 


$200 000 10 $499 999 


$500,000 or more 


SELECTED MACHINERY AND 
EQUIPMENT' 




Motortrucks including pickups 


farms 






Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) ... 


number.. 
farms.. 








number.. 


Cottonpickers and strippers 


number.. 
_... farms- 


tvlower conditioners.. 


— . terms- 






AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 


number-. 


Commercial fertilizer 

acres on 


which used- 


acres on 


which used.. 


Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 
control - 

Insects on hay and other crops farms.. 

acres on which used- 

Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used- 


Weeds, grass, or brush in crops anc 


which used.. 


acres on 


which used.. 



9 022 

11 103 
6 309 



8 821 

220 525 

3 104 



25 005 

233 692 

3 050 



36 635 

425 988 

5 649 



See footnotes at i 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 103 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



I land in tamns . 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place ol residence: 

On farm operated 

Not on fann operated 

Not reported 



Other 

Operators by days of work off farm: 



Not repotted 

Operators by years c 



10 years or more 

Average years on present farm . 



35 to 44 years . 
45 to 49 years . 
50 to 54 years . 



Average age . 

Operators by sex: 
Male __,_ 



Individual or family ( 



Corporation: 






Ottier than family held 


10 or less stockholders 



See footnotes at end of table. 

104 RHODE ISLAND 



3 486 

15 

3 446 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 52. 

(Forr 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

> introductory lent) 



TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 

All operators _ _ 

Full owners 

White 

Full owners 

Part owners 

Tenants 

Black and other races 

Full owners - 

Tenants 

OWNED AND RENTED LAND 

Land owned _ _ farms 

acres 

Owned land in famis _ farnis 

acres 

Land rented or leased from others farms 

Rented or leased land in farms farms 

Land rented or leased to others farms 

acres. 

OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 

On fami operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported __ 

Operators by prin 

Other 

Operators by days of work off fami: 
None- 

1 to 99days""IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII 

100 to 199 days- 

200 days or more _ .._ 

Not reported 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less _ 

3 or 4 years _ 

5 to 9 years _ 

10 years or more 

Average years on present farm — 

Not reported . 

Operators by age group: 

Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 49 years 

50 to 54 years _. 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 to 69 years 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex: 
Male 

Operators of Spanish origin (see text) _ 

FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms 

acres 

Partnership fanris 

acres 

Corporation: 
Family held __. farms 

More than 10 stockholders larms 

10 or less stockholders farms 

Other than family held — farms 

More than 10 stockholders __ farms 

10 or less stockholders farms 

Other -cooperative, estate or tnjst. 



3 981 
2 
(D) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 105 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory tejct] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres"^;];]";i^"I"im"I];iII^m 

70 to 99 acres _ 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres.. 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres ., 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except casti grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets, Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.e.c, (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestoct^, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory farms- 
Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49.. 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499. 

500 or more 

Cows and heifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef cows farms. 

number. 

Farms with— 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 _. 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows.. farms. 

5 to 9 ii;;i;""";i;";r;iii"iiiiii;i; 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more _ __. 

Heifers and heifer calves farms. 

Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves farms. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

$i,ooo! 

Calves farms. 

$i,ooo! 

Cattle farms. 

$1,000! 
Fattened on grain and concentrates ... farms. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



106 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. 

[For meaning o( 



Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

I symbols, see introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

10 to 49 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres 

180 to 219 acres 

220 to 259 acres 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres.- ___ 

2,000 acres or more 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Casti grains (011) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) _. 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.ex. (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) _ 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) ..__ 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmarity crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) ___ 

Animal specialties (027) _ 

General farms, primarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) _._ 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory (arms 

Farms witti- 

1 to 9 ___ __ 

10 to 49.. 

50 to 99. 

100 to 199. 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Cows and tieifers that had calved farms. 

number. 

Beef covi/s farms. 

number. 

Farms with- 

1 to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Milk cows farms. 

Farms with- 

1 to 4 

S to 9 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves (arms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves (arms- 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

number, 

$1,000. 

Calves (arms. 

$i,ooo! 

Cattle farms. 

$1,000! 
Fattened on gram and concentrates ... famis. 



$1,( 



See footnotes at ( 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 107 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations < 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory- 



Used 
Other . 



lumber. 



Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

SI.OOoi: 
Feeder pigs farms. 



Sfieep and lambs ol all ages inventory. 
Ewes 1 year old or older 



Stieep and lambs sold farms. 

number. 
Sfieep and lambs stiorn farms. 

pounds of vnool. 



Goats inventory farms. 

number. 
Goats sold. farms. 



POULTRY 

Cflickens 3 months c 
Farms with — 



■ older inventory .. farms.. 



400 to 3,199 

3,200 to 9,999 ... 
10,000 to 19,999 . 
20,000 to 49,999 . 
50.000 to 99,999 . 
100,000 or more . 



d pullets of laying age farms.. 

number.. 
I months old or older not of 



Broilers and olher r 



Turkey hens kept for breeding farms.. 



108 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 109 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





All farms 


$500,000 or more 


$250,000 to 
$499,999 


$100,000 to 
$249,999 


$50,000 to 
$99,999 






$1,000,000 


Total 


$40,000 to 
$49,999 


CROPS HARVESTED 


77 
2 008 
33 778 

46 
29 
2 

22 

259 958 
2 
(D) 

9 
2 
5 

5 

291 

8 126 

14 125 

3 

28 

189 
85 

182 
4 005 
6 187 

(D) 

99 
1 947 

a?? 

46 
32 
18 
2 

83 

856 

8 

56 

44 
25 

14 


IB! 
IS 


(D) 
(D) 

1 

688 
161 470 

1 
(D) 

3 
2 

!S 

1 

i 

(D) 

1 
(D) 


2 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

3 
(D) 
(D) 

2 

(D) 
(D) 

3 
261 

2 


18 

822 

15 216 

13 

i 

21 

1 199 

2 557 

8 
6 

13 
400 
787 

2 
(D) 

(d1 

3 
34 

(D) 
2 


376 
5 582 

3 

5 
9 

5 

243 

35 548 

(D) 

15 

625 

1 067 

2 

(D) 

9 
330 
638 

8 

296 

5 

2 
5 

300 

46 

2 
2 

7 




.— --""E:: 

Farms by acres harvested: 


748 


25 to 99 acres 




















acres.. 

cwt.. 

Imgaled farms.. 


- 


5 to 24 9 acres 




25 to 99 9 acres 












Hay- alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 

grass silage, green chop, etc. fsee text) .. farms.. 

acres.. 

tons, dry.. 

Irrigated famis.. 

Farms by acres han/ested: 
1 to 24 acres 


7 
259 
504 


25 to 99 acres 


3 


250 to 499 acres 




500 acres or more 




Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain. 


5 


tons, dryi; 
Imgated farms.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale (see text) ... famis.. 

lrr,ga.ed ^ 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 4 9 acres 


227 

3 

45 

(ol 










100 to 249.9 acres - 




250 acres or more 








Irrigated farnisll 

Famns by bearing and nonbearing acres: 
5 to 24 9 acres 


(D) 


25.0 to 99.9 acres 


1 




_ 



110 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 52. Summary by Value of Agricultural Products Sold: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Hem 


$25,000 to 
$39,999 


$20,000 to 
$24,999 


$10,000 to 
$19,999 


'TsUl 


$2,500 to 
$4,999 


Less than 
$2,500 


CROPS HARVESTED 


2 

i 

9 
604 

3 
2 

80 
220 

12 

318 

6 

60 

I 

5 
(D, 

(D) 

2 

3 


(D) 
(D) 

7 
276 
582 

2 

5 
190 
458 

3 
48 

2 

5 
82 

2 
2 


8 

91 

1 790 

2 430 

29 

921 
2 008 

1 

22 

511 
853 

24 

297 

6 

48 

8 

2 

45 

2 
5 


31 
495 

i 

36 

1 283 

2 062 

16 

21 
596 
839 

15 

114 

2 

(D) 

7 

7 

32 

1 

(D) 


(D) 
(D) 

rll 

1 065 

1 

(D) 

23 

9 

5^? 
682 

(D) 

13 
31 

(D) 

13 

9 
33 

6 


23 
204 

3 321 

22 


acres- 
Irrigated .— ■ farms^^ 

acres- 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 


25 to 99 acres 






500 acres or more 




acres— 

CWt— 

Irrigated _ farms- 

1 to 4 9 acres 


5 

15 

1 520 


5 to 24 9 acres 












250 acres or more 




Hay-alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see te)rt) .. farms.. 

tonrs^i: 


2 381 


acres— 
Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 24 acres 


- 










250 to 499 acres 




500 acres or more 




Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain. 


78 


tons, dryi; 
Irrigated farms-- 

acres.. 


1 184 

1 255 

16 
1 


Farms by acres harvested: 
5 to 24 9 acres" 


(D) 
14 


25.0 to 99.9 acres 


- 


250.0 acres or more 




Land in orchards farms.. 

Irrigated __ farms.. 

acres.. 
Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres: 
0.1 to 4.9 acres 


34 
140 

1 
(D) 

25 


5 to 24 9 acres 


8 










250.0 acres or more — 


- 



i sold are included as farms v 



1 gains of less than $1 ,C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 111 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text J 



, except cash grains (013) 



(0133. 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 
and melons 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Famis number.. 

percenu. 

[.and in farms acreS-- 

Average size of farm acres.. 

MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) farms.. 

$1,000.. 
Average per farm dollars.. 

Farms by value of sales: 

Less than $1,000 (see text) 

$1,000 to $2.499 

$2,500 to $4,999 _ 

$5,000 to $9.999 

$10,000 to $19,999 

$20,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 to $249.999 

$250,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999. 

$1,000,000 or more 

Grains farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Com tor grain laims.. 

$1,000.. 

""'$1,000l" 

Soyt)eans farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sorghum for grain farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Barley. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Oats farms.. 

$1.000.. 
Other grains __ farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Cotton and cottonseed farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Tobacco farms.. 

$1,000-. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Hay, silage, and field seeds farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Vegetables, sweet com, and melons farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1.000.. 

Fruits, nuts, and bemes farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,(X)0 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Other crops fanns.. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more famis.. 

$1.000.. 

Poultry and poultry products farms. 

$1,000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms.. 

$1,000.. 

Dairy products farms. 

$1.000.. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Cattfe and cafves farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more famts. 

$1,000. 
See footnotes at end of table. 

112 RHODE ISLAND 



1 764 

10 

1 678 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General famis. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal spe " 

(021) 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 
Farms 



Land in farms 

Average size of farm 




MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) 


farms 




$1.000.. 


Famis by value of sales: 
Less than $1,000 (see text).. 




$5 000 to $9 999 






$25 000 to $39 999 


$40 000 to $49 999 






$250 000 to $499 999 






Grains 


farms 




$1,000__ 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Oats 


$1,000.. 
famis 




$1,000.. 


Cotton and cottonseed 


$1,000.. 
... famis.. 



Sales of $50,000 or r 



Sales of $50,000 or more 

Vegetables, sweet com, and melons 
Sales of $50,000 or more 



Nursery and greentiouse crops.. 
Sales of $50,000 or more ... 



Other crops 

Sales of $50,000 or mora . 

Poultry and poultry products . 
Sales of $50,000 or more . 

Dairy products 

Sales of $50,000 or more . 



$1,000- 
'$1,000l 



$1,000.. 
'$1,000i: 
. farms.. 

$1.000.. 
. farms.. 

$1,000.. 

- farms.. 

$1,000.. 
. farms-. 

$1,000-. 

"$1,0001' 
"$1,000l' 

"$i.oooI! 
"$i,oooi: 

'$i,ooo;' 

'$i,oooI 

.. farms. 
$1,000. 

'$i.oooI 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 113 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



Irish potatoes; 
field crops, except 
cash grains, n.e.c, 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD -Con. 

Total sales (see text) — Con 

Hogs and pigs farms. 

SI. 000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000- 

Sheep. lambs, and wool farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

Other livestock and livestock products 

(see text)— farms. 

$1,000. 

Sales of $50,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 

FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

Total farm production expenses farms. 

$1,000. 
Average per farm.. dollars. 

Livestock and poultry purciiased farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 

Ckimmercially mixed formula feeds farms. 

$1,000. 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$26,000 to $79,999 

$80,000 or more 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of — 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 or more 

Commercial fertilizer farms- 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

micals farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 10 $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Petroleum products farms. 

$1,000. 
Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 

$50,000 or more 

Gasoline and gasohol. farms. 

$1,000. 
Diesel fuel farms 

$1,000, 
Natural gas farms. 

$1,000. 
LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, etc farms, 

$1,000 
See footnotes at end of table 

114 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



I specialtii 
21) 



Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 



Poultry 
"'(S11 



otal sales (see text) -Con, 




Sales of $50 000 or more 


$1.000.. 
farms 




$1.000.. 


Sheep, lambs, and wool 

Sales of $50 000 or more 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Other livestocli and livestock products 


farms 




$1.000.. 




$1.000.. 


ARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 




otal farm production expenses 

Average per fami 


.. farms.. 

$1.000.. 

..dollars.. 


Livestocl( and poultry purchased 

Farms with expenses of- 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


$5 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 to $99 999 




Feed for livestock and poultry 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1.000.. 


$5 000 to $24 999 







Commercially mixed formula feeds . 



Farms with expenses of- 






$25 000 to $79 999 


$80 000 or more 




farms 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1.000.. 




$5 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 or more 


Commercial fertilizer 


farms 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1,000.. 


$5 000 to $24,999 


$25 000 to $49 999 


$50 000 or more 


Agricultural chemicals 

Farms with expenses of- 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 


$5 000 to $24 999 


$25 000 to $49 999 






farms 


Farms with expenses of- 


$1.000.. 


$5,000 to $24,999 


$25 000 to $49 999 




Gasoline and gasohol 


... farms.. 
$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 


LP gas. fuel oil. kerosene, motor oil 


$1.000.. 


See footnotes at end of table. 


$1.000.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE iDATA 



RHODE ISLAND 115 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 







Total 


Cash grains 
(Oil) 


Field crops, except cash grains (013) 


(016) 




Item 


Total 


Cotton 
(0131) 


Tobacco 
(0132) 


Sugarcane 
and sugar beets; 

field crops, except 
cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134, 0139) 


Fniits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 


FARM PRODUCTION EXPENSES' 

-Con. 

Total farm production expenses-Con. 


'$1,000^; 


452 
549 

327 
108 

9 536 

113 
52 
28 
21 

66 
531 

18 
33 
12 
3 

588 

514 
64 
5 
5 

97 

67 
21 

7 
2 

239 
1 298 

173 
57 
9 

177 
875 

26 

108 

38 

5 

105 
423 

36 
54 
12 
3 

122 
786 

95 
15 

635 
1 795 

548 
70 
15 
2 

624 
3 583 

530 
63 


2 

(D) 

2 

,d1 

2 

2 

(D) 

2 

2 

(D) 

2 


61 
21 

5 

16 
329 

9 
3 
3 

3 

2 

3 

87 
109 

83 

9 

8 

1 

32 
81 

25 

27 
69 

9 
12 
6 

9 
12 

5 
3 

54 
8 
2 

83 
211 

77 
3 
3 

87 
180 

83 
3 


: 


: 


21 

56 
5 

sit 

9 
3 
3 

3 
2 

87 
109 

9 
14 

6 

32 
81 

25 

27 

9 
12 
6 

9 
12 

5 
3 

54 
8 
2 

83 
211 

77 
3 
3 

87 
180 

3 


30 
35 

17 
12 

18 
199 

11 

3 

8 
8 

2 

6 

163 

51 
8 
2 

5 

96 

7 
3 

6 

80 

2 
2 

6 
16 

2 

i 

20 
2 

54 
203 

46 
2 
6 

49 
189 

6 

1 


26 
12 


Farms with expenses ol- 
$1 to $999 


$1,000 to $4.999 


13 


$25,000 or more 

Hired farm labor 

Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


'$i.ooo" 


243 










$100 000 or more 




Contract labor 

Farms with expenses of- 


'$i.ooo;; 


31 
2 










$25 000 or more 




Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


'$i.oooII 


45 
92 

41 










$50 000 or more 




machinery and equipment _ . . 
Farms with expenses of- 
$1,000 to $4,999 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


5 

2 
2 


$5 000 to $24 999 




$25,000 or more 

Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of- 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


18 
38 


$5,000 to $24,999 




$25,000 to $99.999 




Secured by real estate 


. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


14 


Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $999 


6 






$25,000 or more 




Not secured by real estate 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


21 






$5 000 to $24 999 




$25 000 or more 




Cash rent 

Farms with expenses of— 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


6 
25 






$10,000 to $24,999 




$26 000 or more 








Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


$1,000.. 


105 
42 










$25,000 or more 




Farms with expenses of- 
$1 to $4 999 


.. farms.. 
$1,000.. 


42 

184 

38 










$50 000 or more _ _ 


2 



See footnotes at end of table. 

116 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms. 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 

and animal specialties 

(021) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



Total farm production expenses— Con. 



$1,000 to $4,999 .. 
$6,000 to $24,999 . 
$25,000 or more .. 



Farms with expenses of— 
$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 

$100,000 or more 



Contract labor 

Farms witfi expenses of- 



$1,000 to $4,999 ._ 
$5,000 to $24,999 . 
$25,000 or more .. 



Farms witti expenses of— 
$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $49,999 



Farms with expenses c 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 _.. 
$5,000 to $24,999 .. 
$25,000 or more __. 



Interest expense 

Farms with expenses of- 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $24,999 

$25,000 to $99,999 ___ 
$100,000 or more 



Farms with e 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4,999 . 
$5,000 to $24,999 
$25,000 or more . 



Not secured by real estate . 



Farms with expenses of— 

$1 to $999 

$1,000 to $4.999 

$5,000 to $24,999 




1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 117 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) 



and sugar beets; 

field crops, except 
casfi grains, n.e.c. 
(0133, 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 



$1,000 to $9,999. 



Farms with net li 



Government payments __ 


— farms. 


Customwork and other agricultural 


$1,000- 


Gross cash rent or share payments . 
Forest products and Christmas trees 
Other fami-related income sources — 

COMMODITY CREDIT 
CORPORATION LOANS 


""$1,000. 
... farms.. 

...^'a^^:: 

$1,000.. 

... farms-. 

$1,000. 




$1.000.. 
farms 


Wheat 


$1,000. 


Soybeans 


$1,000. 
farms 


Sorghum, barley, and oats __.. 


$1,000. 

... famis- 
$1,000. 




$1,000. 



Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 









Han/ested cropland 

Farms by acres harvested: 
1 to 49 acres 


fa'rms 

acres 


50 to 99 acres 






500 to 999 acres 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 




Cropland; 


farms 




In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not han/es 
and not pastured ___ 

On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow 


acres 

ed 

farms 

acres 
farms 

acres 
famis 





Total woodland _. 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end of table. 

118 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard industrial Classification of Farm: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



General farms, 
(019) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



NET CASH RETURN FROM 
AGRICULTURAL SALES FOR 
THE FARM UNIT' 





$1,000_. 
dollars 






Average net gain 


.dollars.. 


Gam of- 








$50,000 or more 
















GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS AND 
OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 




. farms.. 

$1,000.. 
. farms.. 

$1,000.. 


Other farm-related income' 




$1,000.. 


Gross cash rent or share payments ... 


. farms- 
Si .000.. 

_ farms.. 
$1,000.- 

_ farms.- 


Forest products and Christmas trees ._ 


Other farm-related income sources 



Total 

Corn 

Wheat 

Soybeans - 



Sorghum, barley, and oats.. 
Cotton 

Peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, ; 



$1,000.. 

si.ooo"! 

$1,000- 
'"'$1,000- 

farms-. 

$1,000.. 
farms.. 

$1,000.. 
J honey ... farms.. 

$1,000.. 



Harvested cropland 

Farms by acres han/ested: 


acres.. 

. farms.. 

acres.. 


50 to 99 acres 






500 to 999 acres 


1 000 to 1 999 acres 




Cropland: 


farms 


In cover crops, legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses, not harvested 
and not pastured 

On which all crops failed 

In cultivated summer fallow 


acres.. 

. farms.. 
. farms- 
. farnisll 



Total woodland 

Woodland pastured 

Woodland not pastured . 



See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 119 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



field crops, except 
cash grains, n.e.c 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables 

and inelons 

(016) 



1 lots, ponds, roads. 

tc. 

3r federal acreage reduction 



Ck)nservation reserve program . 



Value of land and buildings' 



1 group: 



Farms by vali 
$1 to $39.8 
$40,000 to $69,999... 
$70,000 to $99.999... 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 



$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999 . 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



Estimated marltet value of all machinery 



Farms by value group; 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999 - 
$20,000 to $49,999. 
$50,000 to $99,999 . 



$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more 



Wheel tractors 


— . famis.. 
number.. 






40 horsepower (PTO) or more 


number.. 
— - farms.. 






Mower conditioners- 

Pickup balers 


number.. 
.... faiins._ 


AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 


number.. 




which used- 


acres on 
Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc. 


tonsi; 
to 


acres on which used.. 
Nematodes in crops farms.. 

acres on which used- 
Diseases in crops and orchards farms 


acres on 
Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 


which used- 


control of crops or thinning of Suit ._ 


which used.. 



41 559 

428 443 

5 306 



27 634 

425 138 

3 816 



1 351 



120 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

IFor meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General famns, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



1 woodland 



Cropland under federal acreage reduction 
programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment 



Value of land and buildings' - 



Farms by value group: 

$1 to $39,999 

$40,000 to $69,999.. . 
$70,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 to $149,999. 
$150,000 to $199,999. 



$200,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,999. 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,999 . 
$5,000,000 or more 



Estimated market value of all machinejy 



Fanns by value group: 

$1 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 ... 
$10,000 to $19,999. 
$20,000 to $49,999 . 
$50,000 to $99.999 . 



$100,000 to $199,999. 
$200,000 to $499,999. 
$500,000 or more 



Motofliucks, including pickups 

Wtieel tractors _. 

Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) . 
40 horsepower <PTO) or more ... 

Grain and bean combines _ 

Cottonpickers and stiippers— 



Pickup balers 

AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS' 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants, etc., to 
control - 
Insects on hay arKj other crops ._ farms.. 




tor growth 
of fnjit ... 



control of crops or thinning t 

See toolnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



25 085 

385 923 

2 357 



28 922 

615 362 

3 656 



5 825 

342 647 

5 281 



12 150 

934 615 

5 594 



RHODE ISLAND 121 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 



Field crops, except c 



I sugar beets; 
risti potatoes; 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



Black and other r 
Full owners ... 



OWNED AND RENTED LAND 



Land rented or leased troi 

Rented or leased land i 

Land rented or leased to 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 



Operators by place of 
On farm operated __. 
Not on farm operated 
Not reported 



Operators by days of work off farm: 
Any . 



I 99 days 

100 to 199 days--. 

200 days or more . 

Not reported 



Operators by years ( 
2 years or less ... 



55 to 59 V 
60 to 64 y 
65 to 69 y 



Operators by s 

Male 

Female 



Operators of Spanish origin (si 



Individual or 
Partnership . 



acres 
acres, 
farms, 
farms. 

farms. 



See footnotes at end c 



122 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Con. 







Horticultural 

specialties 

(018) 


General farms. 
pnmarily.o^p 


Livestock, except dairy, poultry. 
(021) 


Dairy farms 
(024) 


Poultry 
and eggs 


specialties 
(027) 




Item 


Total 


Beef cattle. 

except feedlots 

(0212) 


General famis. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 

specialUes 

(029) 


TENURE AND RACE OF 
OPERATOR 




















All operators 

Full owners 




95 
54 
26 
15 


26 
22 
3 


202 
154 
33 
15 


83 
56 
21 
6 


49 

25 

10 


25 
21 

2 
2 


59 


10 
8 






Tenants...- _ 










94 
53 
26 
15 


26 
22 


202 
154 
33 
15 


56 
21 
6 


49 

25 
10 


25 
21 
2 
2 


59 






8 




2 


Tenants — 










1 
1 


: 


\ 


\ 




: 














Tenants- 




- 


OWNED AND RENTED LAND 




















Land owned 

Owned land m farms 


. farms- 
acres.. 

. farms- 
acres.. 


80 
5 482 

80 
5 442 


25 
1 591 

25 
1 591 


187 
16 792 

187 
16 132 


9 282 

77 

9 081 


39 
4 502 

4 502 


23 
1 493 


(D) 

64 

2 137 


10 
721 

10 
673 




. farms- 
acres— 

. farms- 
acres.. 


3 787 

41 

3 786 


365 
365 


49 
2 405 

48 
2 370 


27 
1 189 

27 
1 189 


35 
3 575 

3 575 


16 
16 


12 
357 

12 
(D) 


2 

(D) 
2 
(D) 




. famis- 
acres— 


A 


: 


695 


201 




(D) 


(D) 






(D) 






















Operators by place of residence; 




58 
32 
5 


24 

2 


161 
20 
21 


67 

7 
9 


44 
5 


18 
5 


59 








Not reported 




Other . I 




63 
32 


5 
21 


57 
145 


24 
59 


46 
3 


20 
5 


31 
40 


3 


Operators by days of work off farm: 




45 

9 
12 
20 


7 
19 

12 


42 
156 
16 
18 
122 


63 
48 


40 
6 

5 


8 
2 

6 
3 

2 

5 
13 
16.1 


18 
49 
6 

32 


3 


1 to 99 days - 

100 to 199 days 


2 






Operators by years on present farm: 


6 
8 

13 
53 
18.2 


2 

5 
16 
15.4 


10 
33 
101 
17,6 


3 

7 

18.8 


3 
2 
3 
35 
20.9 


13 
30 














9 




20.1 




12 
24 
6 


6 
5 


26 
48 
28 


7 
17 


2 

7 
7 


9 

5 


9 
23 
16 

3 




25 to 34 years 


2 


35 to 44 years 












55 to 59 years 


9 

9 

50.5 


5 

2 
51.7 


15 
25 
16 
22 

51.1 


5 

6 

15 

54.5 


7 
10 
2 

52.3 


2 

5 
54.4 


2 
2 

2 
46.2 


2 


60 to 64 years 


3 




1 








57.9 


Operators by sex: 


86 
9 


25 


172 
30 


12 


46 
3 


24 


30 


10 


Female 




- 






, 


, 












_ 


FARMS BY TYPE OF 
ORGANIZATION 




















Individual or family (sole proprietorship) .. 

Partnership 

Corporation: 
Family held 


.. farms- 

-. farms- 
acres-. 

- farms.. 

- farms.. 


50 
3 285 

(D) 

37 
5 766 

37 


22 

1 456 

2 

(D) 


181 

15 433 

10 

(D) 

6 
'1 


77 

9 607 

2 

(D) 

3 
365 

3 


40 

6 867 

6 

692 

518 
3 


21 
794 

715 
4 


50 
1 780 

85 

16 
581 

16 


10 
(D) 


other than family held 


farms.. 


(D) 


2 

(D) 

2 










(D) 






acres., 
farms 


- 


10 or less stockholders 


.. farms.. 




Other-cooperative, estate or trtjst, 
institutional, etc. 


.. farms- 
acres.. 


: 




5 
1 268 


(D) 











See footnotes at end of table. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 123 



Table 53 Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations i 



introductory text] 



FARMS BY SIZE 

1 to 9 acres 

10 to 49 acres _. 

50 to 69 acres 

70 to 99 acres 

100 to 139 acres 

140 to 179 acres __ 

220 to 259 acres IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII^IIIIIIIIIIII 

260 to 499 acres 

500 to 999 acres ____ __ 

1,000 to 1,999 acres _ 

2,000 acres or more _ 

FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets: Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grains, n.ec. (0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) _ 

Horticultural specialties (018) _ 

General farms, primarily crop (019) .._ 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and 

animal specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) _ __ 

Dairy farms (024) _ _ 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) ___ 

General farms, pnmarily livestock and 
animal specialties (029) 

LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory _._ farms. 

Farms with— 

10 to 49"]iiiiiimi];iii"ii;; 

50 to 99 _ 

100 to 199 _ 

200 to 499 _ 

500 or more __ _. ___. 

Cows and heifers that had calved __ farms. 

Beef cows farms. 

Farms with- 

1 to 9 ____ ___ 

10 to 49 _ _ 

50 to 99 __. _ 

100 to 199 __ 

200 to 499 _ 

500 or more .__ __ _:. 

Milk cows _._ _._ farms. 

Farms with- 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 ___ __ 

10 to 49 

50 to 99 __ 

100 to 199 _ 

200 to 499 __ 

500 or more 

Heifers and heifer calves... farms. 

number. 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 
calves. farms. 

number. 

Cattle and calves sold farms. 

$1,000; 
Calves farms. 

number. 

$1,000. 
Cattle (arms- 

Si.ooo! 

Fattened on grain and concentrates ... farms. 



$1.( 



See footnotes at end of table. 

124 RHODE ISLAND 



field crops, except 
cash grains, n.ec. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 

and melons 

(016) 



Fruits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. 



Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 

symbols, see introductory tejct] 



1987 -Con. 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 
(021) 



Poultry 

nd eggs 

(025) 



General famis. 

primarily livestock 

and animal 



FARMS BY SIZE 



10 to 49 acres . 



2.000 acres ( 



Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) . 
Cotton (0131) 



Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irish 
potatoes; field crops, except cash 
grarns. ne.c (0133. 0134. 0139) .. 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fnjits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General famis. pnmanly crop (019) . 



Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) _.. 
Animal specialties (027) _, 
General famis, primarily In 
i (029) . 



LIVESTOCK 

Cattle and calves inventory _ 
Farms with- 



10 to 49 


SO to 99 






SCO or more 


Cows and heifers that had calved .._ 
Beef cows 


._._ farms- 
number.. 


Farms with- 
1 to 9 


number.. 






100 to 199 


200 to 499 










number.. 


5 to 9 






100 to 199 


200 to 499 




Heifers and heifer calves 


farms 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull 


_ _ farms__ 



Cattle and calves sold . 



Cattle 

Fattened on grain s 



See footnotes at end of table, 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 125 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Field crops, except casti grains (013) 



field crops, except 
cash grains, n.ex. 
(0133, 0134, 0139) 



Vegetables 
(016) 



Fruits and 

tree nuts 

(017) 



LIVESTOCK -Con. 

Hogs and pigs inventory farms- 
Farms v/itfi — 

1 to 24 

25 to49.._. 

50 to 99.._. 

100 to 199 

200 to 499 

500 or more 

Used or to be used for breeding farms- 

Ottier farms- 
Hogs and pigs sold farms. 

number. 
$1,000. 

Feeder pigs farms. 

number- 
Si .000. 

Dec. 1 of preceding year and Nov. 30 ... farms- 
Dec. 1 and H/ay 31 farms. 

number, 
June 1 and Nov. 30 farms- 

number- 

Sheep and lambs of all ages inventory farms. 

Ewes 1 year old or older farms. 

Sfieep and lambs sold farms. 

Sheep and lambs shorn farms. 

pounds of wool- 
Horses and ponies inventory -- farms- 

number- 
Horses and ponies sold farms- 

Goats inventory (arms- 

Goats sold. farms- 

POULTRY 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory - - farms. 

1 to 399 

400 to 3,199 

3,200 to 9,999 

10,000 to 19,999 -- -- -- - 

20.000 to 49,999 

50.000 to 99,999 -- 

100.000 or more 

Hens and pullets of laying age farms. 

Pullets 3 months old or older not of 

laying age farms. 

number. 
Hens and pullets sold farms. 

Broilers and other meat-type chickens 

sold (arms. 

number. 
Farms with — 

1 to 1,999 

2,000 to 59,999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 or more - - 

Turkey hens kept for breeding farms. 

number. 
Turkeys sold farms. 

number. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



126 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



General farms, 

primarily crop 

(019) 



2pt dairy, poultry, 
and animal specialties 
(021) 



Poultry 




(D) 

6 

10 915 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 127 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Irist) potatoes; 
field crops, except 
cash grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134, 0139) 



CROPS HARVESTED 

Com lor silage or green chop __. farms- 

acres- 
tons, green- 
Irrigated — terms. 

acres. 
Farms by acr< 
1 to 24 acri 
25 10 99 ac 
100 to 249 
250 to 499 
500 acres c 

Irish potatoes ., 

Irrigated 

Farms by acrt 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 aaes 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 
grass silage, green chop, etc. (see text) .. farms. 

tonsTr?: 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 
Farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 to 499 acres 

500 acres or more 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, 

and wild hay (see text) farms. 

acres, 
tons, dry. 

Irrigated farms. 

acres. 

Vegetables hanrested for sale (see text) te-^s 

Imgated — 

Farms by acres har 
0.1 to 4.9 acres . 

5.0 to 24 9 aaes 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100 to 249 9 acres-- 

250.0 acres or more — 

Land in orchards 

Inigaled - 

Farms by bearing and nonbearing acres 

0.1 to 4.9 acres - 

5.0 to 24.9 acres 

25.0 to 99.9 acres 

100.0 to 249.9 acres 

250.0 acres or more 

See footnotes at end of table. 



128 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -STATE DATA 



Table 53. Summary by Standard Industrial Classification of Farm: 1987 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see Introductory text] 



Livestock, except dairy, poultry, 
and animal spe 
(021) 



Poultry 



CROPS HARVESTED 




t value of agiicultiital products sold are Included as farms with gains of less than $1,000. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-STATE DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 129 



Table 1. County Summary Highlights: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



Rhode Island 



Farms.- 

Land in farms 

Average size of farm. 



^alue of land and buildings^: 

Average per farm 

Average per acre 



Estimated market val 
equipment'; 
Average per farm . 



500 to 999 I 



Total cropland 

Harvested cropland . 
Irrigated land. 



. farms.. 



tkflarket value of agricultural products sold ... 
Average per farm 

Crops, including nursery and greenfiouse 

Livestock, poultry, and ttieir products 



. dollars.. 
.$1,000.. 



arms by value of sales: 

Less than $2,500 

$2,500 to $4,999 

$5,000 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $24,999... 
$25,000 to $49,999... 
$50,000 to $99,999... 
$100,000 or more 



Operators by pnncipal occupation: 

Farming 

Other 



Operators by days worked off farm: 

200 days or more 

Average age of operator 



Cattle and calves inventory . 

Beef cows 

Milk cows 

Cattle and calves sold 



Hogs and pigs inventory 

Hogs and pigs sold 

Sheep and lambs inventory 

Chickens 3 months old or older inventory . 
Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold 

Selected crops harvested: 
Corn for grain or seed 



. farms. 
. farms. 
. farms. 
. farms. 
. farms. 



Corn for silage or green chop. 



grass silage, green chop, etc. 



grain, wild, 
(see te)d) 



Vegetables harvested for sale (see I 



26 121 

523 

18 498 



'Data are based on a sample of f. 

130 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 2. Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



to $249.999_._ 

to $499,999 


farms. 

$1,000. 
farms 




$1,000. 
farms 


Of sales': 
SI 000 


$1,000. 
farms 


$2,499 


$1,000. 



Total sales (see text) farms, 1987 

1982 

$1,000, 1987 

1982 

Average per farm. dollars, 1987 

1982 
1987 value Of sales: 

Less tfian $1,000 farms 

$1,000 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms 

$1,000 

$2,500 to $4.999 farms 

$1,000 

$5,000 to $9,999 - farms 

$1,000 

$10,000 to $19.999 farms, 

$1,000 

$20,000 to $24.999 farms 

$1,000 

$25,000 to $39,999 farms 

$1,000 

$40,000 to $49,999 farms 

$1,000 

$50,000 to $99.999 farms 

$1,000 
$100,000 

$250,000 

$500,000 

1982 value 
Less than 

$1,000 to 

$1,000. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms 

$1,000 

$5,000 to $9,999 farms 

$1,000. 

$10,000 to $19,999 farms 

$1,000. 

$20,000 to $24,999 farms 

$1,000 

$25,000 to $39.999 farms 

$1,000. 

$40,000 to $49.999 farms 

$1,000. 

$50,000 to $99.999... farms. 

$1,000. 

$100,000 to $249.999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$250,000 to $499.999 farms. 

$1,000. 

$500,000 or more farms. 

$1,000. 
Sales by commodity or commodity group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops farms. 1987 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987 

1982 

Grains farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982 

Com for grain farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982 

Wheat farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987 

1982 

Soybeans farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987 

1982 

Sorghum for grain farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987 

1982 

Barley farms, 1987 

1982. 

$1,000, 1987 

1982 

Oats farms, 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987, 

1982 

Other grains^ farms. 1987 

1982 

$1,000. 1987. 

1982. 



37 786 
30 376 
53 903 
41 726 



7 402 
27 794 
27 313 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 131 



Table 2. 



(For meaning of abbreviations 



Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold and Farms by Standard Industrial 
Classification: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

symbols, see introductory text] 



Crops, including nursery € 
crops-Con, 
Cotton and cottonseed 



commodity group- 
greenhouse 



Hay. silage, and field seeds farms, 

$1,000, 
Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons farms. 



$1,000, 
Nursery and greenfiouse crops farms. 



Livestock, poultry, and their products farms. 

$1,000. 
Poultry and poultry products I 



Dairy products farms. 

$1,000, 
Cattle and calves I 

$1,000, 



$1,000, 



1987 FARMS BY STANDARD 
INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION 

Cash grains (Oil) 

Field crops, except cash grains (013) ... 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; 

field crops, except cash grains, n.e.c. 

(0133, 0134, 0139) 

Vegetables and melons (016).- 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) _ , 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) _ 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) _. 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal 
specialties (029) , 

^Data for 1982 exclude abnormal farms. 

^Data for 1 982 include market value of barley sold. 

132 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 3. Farm Production Expenses: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Total farm production expenses farms. 1987. 

Average per farm 

Livestock and poultry purchased _. 



Feed for livestock i 



mixed formula feeds . 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and t 



Commercial fertilizer' 



Gasoline and gasohol , 



Hired farm labor. 



Contract labor 

Repair and maintenance 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of 
machinery £ 



Cash rent___ 

Property taxes paid _ 

All other farm production expenses _ 



$1,000 




-dollars 


1987 








1982.. 












1987 












1982.. 




1987.. 












1982.- 


. farms 


1987.. 




1982.. 


$1,000 


1987.. 




1982.. 


. farms 


1987_. 






$1,000 


1987.. 




1982.. 






1982.. 


$1,000 


1987.. 












1982- 


$1,000 


1987.. 




1982.. 


. farms 


1987.. 




1982.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 






- farms. 


1987.. 




1982.. 










farms 


1987.. 






$1,000, 


1987.. 




1982.. 


. farms. 


1987.. 




1982.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 




1982.. 


. farms. 


1987.. 




1982.. 








1982.. 




1987.. 




1982.. 








1982.. 








1982.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 




1982.. 






$1,000, 


1987.. 


farms 


1987.. 












1982.. 


. farms. 


1987.. 




1982.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 




1982.. 


_ farms, 1987__ 


$1,000, 


1987.. 




1987.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 


farms 


1987.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 


_ farms, 1987.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 


. farms. 


1987.. 


$1,000, 


1987.. 



'Data for 1987 include cost of custom applications. 
^Data for 1987 exclude cost of custom applications f 
=Data for 1982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 133 



Table 4. 



Net Cash Return From Agricultural Sales, Government Payments, Other Farm- 
Related Income, and Commodity Credit Corporation Loans: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of 



introductory text) 



NET CASH RETURN 

Net cash return from agncultural sales for the 

farm unit (see text)' farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 

Average per farm dollars. 1987. 

Farms with net gains^ number. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Average per farm dollars, 1987. 

Farms with net losses number. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Average per farm.. dollars. 1987. 

GOVERNMENT PAYMENTS 

Total received farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Average per farm _ dollars. 1987. 

Amount received in cash farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 

Value of commodity certificates received farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 

OTHER FARM-RELATED INCOME 

Gross before taxes and expenses' farms. 1987. 

$1,000. 1987. 
Average per farm dollars. 1987. 

Customwork and other agncultural 

services^ farms. 1987. 

1982. 

$1,000. 1987 

1982 

Rental of farmland farms. 1987 

$1,000. 1987 

Sales of forest products and Christmas 

trees farms. 1987 

$1,000. 1987 

Tie sources farms. 1987 

$1,000, 1987 



Total... 


farms 


Com 


$1,000, 


Wheat 


rrs' 




$i'SSo: 




$1,000, 


Sorghum, barley, and oats 


farms. 

$1,000. 
farms. 


Cotton . 



Peanuts, rye. rice, tobacco, and honey. 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 

^Farms with total production expenses equal to market value of agncultural products sold i 

3Data for 1987 are based on a sample of farms; data for 1982 are nonsample. 



134 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning ol abbreviations and symbols, see rntroductory text] 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 



Land in farms _. 
Average : 



1987., 
1962. 
1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982. 



Average per acre . 



10 to 49 acres 


acres. 

farms 




acres. 


70 to 99 acres 


acres, 
farms 




acres. 


140 to 179 acres 


acres, 
farms 




acres- 


220 to 259 acres 


acres, 
farms 




acres. 




acres. 


1 ,000 to 1 ,999 acres 


acres- 
farms 




acres. 







1 to 9 acres . 
10 to 49 acre 



100 to 139 acres. 
140 to 179 acres. 

180 to 219 acres. 
220 to 259 acres . 



1,000 to 1,999 = 
2.000 acres or r 



farms, 1987 

1982 

acres, 1987 



Harvested cropland . 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing farms, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2 760 
675 052 



333 453 

190 701 

3 223 

2 019 



1 824 

7 
1 111 



(D) 

5 

1 813 



148 673 
3 873 
2 358 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 135 



Table 5. Farms, Land in Farms, and Land Use: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, i 



Total cropland-Con. 
Other cropland-Con. 
Cropland < 



Woodland pastured . 



Pastureland and rangeland ottier tti 
cropland and woodland pastured . 

Land in house lots, ponds, roads. 



Pastureland, all types 

CroplarKl diverted under annual i 
acreage adjustment programs 

Cropland placed under the conservation 
reserve program 



lamis 
acres 


19e7_. 
1982_- 
1987._ 
1982_. 


farms 
acres 


1987_. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


famw 
acres 


1987.. 
1982.. 


farms 


1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


farms 
acres 


1987.. 
1982- 
1987.. 
1982- 


farms 
acres 


1987-. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


farms 


1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


farms 
acres 


1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


farms 


1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


farms 


1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.. 


famis 
acres 


1987.. 
1982.. 
1987.. 
1982.- 


farms 
acres 


1987.. 
1987.. 



> based on a sample of farms, see text 



136 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 6. Harvested Cropland by Size of Farm and Acres Harvested: 

> and symbols, see introductory text) 



1987 and 1982 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 137 



Table 7. Irrigation: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning ot abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Farms with irrigation 



Farms.-- nu 

1982 

Land in imgated larms acres. 1987 

1982 

Harvested cropland farms, 1967 

Ottier cropland, excluding cropland 
pastured I 

1982 
1987 



Pastureland. excluding woodland pastured 



Irrigated land 

Harvested cropland . 



Pastureland and other land . 



1987 irrigated acres by size of f 



70 to 99 acr 
100 to 139 I 
140 to 179 i 



220 to 259 acres - 
260 to 499 acres - 



500 to 999 acres 

1,000 to 1,999 acres - 
2,000 acres or more - 



1982 imgated acres by size ot farm: 



10 to 49 i 
50 to 69 i 



70 to 99 acres ... 
100 to 139 acres. 
140 to 179 acres. 

180 to 219 acres - 
220 to 259 acres . 
260 to 499 acres - 



2.000 acres or more . 



farms. 1987 






. farms, 
rigated. 
. famis. 



acres irriga 
acres imga 



acres irngated 
acres irrigated 
acres irrigated 



.. farms. 



acres imgated 

-- farms 

acres irrigated 

acres imgated 



acres irngated 
acres irrigated 
acres imgated 



acres irrigatt 
fam 

acres irrigate 



138 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 8. Machinery and Equipment on Place: 1987 and 1982 

[Data are based on a sample o( (arms. For meaning of abbreviations and symtjols. see introductory text ] 



Estimated mari^et value of all machinery and 

$1,000, 

Average per farm ...dollars. 

Farms by value group: 

$1 to $9,999 

$10,000 to $19.999 

$20,000 to $29,999 

$30,000 to $49.999 ____ 

$50,000 to $69.999 

$70,000 to $99.999 

$100,000 to $199.999. 

$200,000 or more 

$200,000 to $499.999 

$500,000 or more 



. 




1982 




number 


198/. 
1982. 




farms 


1987. 
1982 








number 


19B/. 
198? 


Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) .... 


farms 


1987. 












1987 




number 


1987. 


Grain and bean combines' 


farms 

number 


1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
198? 


Cottonpickers and strippers 


-. farms 


1987. 




number 


198/. 
1982. 


Mower conditioners 


farms 


1987. 
1982. 
1987. 
198? 


Pickup balers 




1987 






1982 




number 


198/. 
1982. 



1987 INVENTORY 



Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) 

40 horsepower (PTO) or more .. 

Grain and I 



.. farms 
number 



Cottonpickers and sthppers. 

Mower conditioners 

Pickup balers 



! than 40 horsepower (PTO) farms 

r (PTO) or more farms 



Cottonpickers and strippers. 
Mower conditioners 



7 104 
5 497 
26 607 
20 284 



10 727 
7 361 
52 074 



'Data for 1982 include self-propelled only. 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 139 



Table 9. Agricultural Chemicals Used, Including Fertilizer and Lime: 

[Data are based on a sample of farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



1987 and 1982 



Chemicals used 
















Rhode Island 


Bristol 


Kent 


Newport 


Providence 


Washington 


Commercial fertilizer farms, 1987.. 


399 


20 


36 


81 


99 


163 


1982-. 


446 


27 


29 


113 


137 


140 


acres on wfiich used. 1987.. 


13 931 


605 


947 


3 399 


2 465 


6 515 


1982.. 


IS 880 


858 


866 


4 679 


2 454 




Cropland fertilized, except pastureland farms. 1987.. 


371 


20 


29 


78 


95 


149 


1982.. 


409 


25 


27 




134 


122 


acres on which used, 1987.. 


12 528 


468 


724 




2 391 




1982.. 


14 651 


780 


786 


4 338 


2 257 


6 490 


Pastureland and ranqeland fertilized farms, 1987.. 


78 


4 


14 


13 


8 


39 


1982.. 


88 


3 


5 


23 


18 


39 


acres on which used, 1987.. 


1 403 


137 




306 


74 


663 


1982.. 


1 229 


78 


80 


341 


197 


533 


Lime farms, 1987__ 


178 


2 


16 


34 


30 


96 


1982.. 




11 


11 


47 


34 


90 


acres on which used, 1987.- 


3 371 


(D) 


138 


975 


(D) 


1 888 


1982- 


5 110 


136 


178 


1 597 


423 


2 776 


tons, 1987.. 


3 467 


(D) 


(D) 


710 


413 


2 105 


1982_. 


6 940 


239 






449 


3 631 


Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. etc.. to 














control - 














Insects on hay and other crops farms. 1987.. 


210 


12 


12 


49 


57 


80 


1982.. 


184 


10 




43 


64 


50 


acres on which used. 1987.. 


6 250 


257 


160 


2 472 


1 047 


2 314 


19B2-. 


8 078 


356 


372 


2 913 


1 043 


3 394 


Nematodes in crops farms. 1987.. 


17 


, 






3 


13 


1982-_ 


12 






5 


3 


3 


acres on which used. 1987.. 


195 


(D) 


. 




(D) 


168 


1982._ 


154 




(D) 


26 


(D) 




Diseases in crops and orchards farms. 1987.. 


109 


2 


7 


25 


43 


32 


1982.. 


95 




10 


25 




26 


acres on which used. 1987.. 


2 874 


(D) 


(D) 


1 045 


578 


1 138 


1982.. 




(D) 


(D) 


1 336 


534 


1 024 


Weeds, grass, or brush in crops and 














pasture farms. 1987.. 


185 


5 




50 


47 




1982.. 


177 


12 


11 




50 


43 


acres on which used. 1987.. 


7 317 


273 


353 


1 855 


1 179 


3 657 


1982.. 


7 692 


389 


479 


2 837 


598 


3 389 


Chemicals used for defoliation or for growth 














control of crops or thinning of fruit farms, 1987.. 


21 






12 


a 




1982.. 


20 




_ 


5 


12 


3 


acres on which used. 1987.. 


816 






645 


(D) 


(D) 


1982.. 


587 




- 


(D) 


208 


(D) 



140 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 1987 
and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory ti 



Ctiaracteristics 



Harvested cropland _ 



farms. 


1987 




1982 


acres, 


198/ 




imh;" 


farms, 


1HH7 




19R? 




1987 




1982. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 

Full owners 



Owned land in farms _. 
Rented land in farms . 

J cropland 



Harvested cropland _ 



farms 


1987.. 




982.. 








982.. 


farms. 


987.. 




982 








982.. 


farms. 


987 




982.. 




987.. 




982.. 








982.. 








982.. 


farms 








acres. 








farms. 


987.. 




982.. 


acres. 


987 






farms. 


987.. 




982.. 




987 




982.- 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence: 
On farm operated 

Not on farm operated 

Not reported 

Operators by principal occupation: 
Farming 

Otfier 

Operators by days of work off farm: 
None.. 

1 to 49 days — 

50 to 99 days—. 

100 to 149 days 

150 to 199 days 

200 days or more 

Not reported _. 

Operators by years on present farm: 

2 years or less 

3 or 4 years 

5 to 9 years.. _ 

Average years on present farm 

Not reported 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 141 



Table 10. Tenure and Characteristics of Operator and Type of Organization: 
and 1982-Con. 



1987 



f abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Cliaracteristics 



Operators by age group: 
Under 25 years 

25 to 34 years , 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

55 to 59 years 

60 to 64 years 

65 years and over _ 

65 to 69 years ._ 

70 years and over 

Average age 

Operators by sex; 
Male farms, 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 



Individual or family (sole proprietorstiip) . 



Ottier ttian family field . 



farms, 1987. 

1982_ 

acres, 1987_ 



farms, 1987 
1982. 

' 1982. 
farms, 1987 



Ottier-oooperative, < 



farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 
acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 



142 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



p 



Table 11. Cattle and Calves— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 



i and symbols, see introductory text] 



Cattle and calves _ 



, 1987. 
1982. 
, 1987. 



Farms by inventory: 



number. 1987 



farms, 1987 

1982, 

lumber, 1987 



500 or more farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number. 1987. 




r calves, bulls, and bull ( 



farms, 1987. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 143 



Table 11. 

(For meaning o\ 



Cattle and Calves— lnventoi7 and Sales: 1987 and 1982-Con. 















1982.- 

$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 


84 

4 775 

5 798 


1987 farms by number sold: 


1982.. 
number. 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000. 19|7.. 

farms 


260 
3 259 
3 544 
1 004 
1 006 

131 






number.. 


515 


20 to 49 




number., 
farms 


203 


50 10 99 

100 to 199 




number.. 

- farms.. 

number.. 

farms 


1 307 

892 

3 


200 to 499 

500 or more 




number.. 

""" number" 

fanns 


342 






number.. 




1987 (arms by numb 


er sold: 


iil2:: 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 


162 

1 675 

2 079 
166 
221 



10 to 19 farms.. 

20 to 49 farms.. 

SO to 99 faimsl! 

100 to 199 farms. 

200 to 499 farmsi: 

500 or more farms. 

We sold farms, 1987. 



10 to 19- 
20 to 49. 
50 to 99. 




Cattle fattened on grain and concentrates 



100 to 199 — - farms 

200 to 499 farms 



144 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 12. Hogs and Pigs— Inventory, Litters, and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




X7 farms by number sold: 
1 to 24 


1982.- 
number. 1987.. 

1982- 
$1,000, 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms 




number.. 


SO to 99 


number., 
farms 






200 to 499 


number., 
farms 






1 000 or more 


famis 






Hogs and pigs ottier than feeder pigs sold 


1982.. 
number. 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 

1982.. 
.. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
number. 1987.. 

1982.. 
$1,000. 1987.. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 145 



Table 13. Sheep and Horses— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbrbviations and symbols, see introductory text ] 



imbs inventory. 
> by Inventory: 



Sheep and lambs shorn . 



I and lambs sold . 



farms. 1987. 
1982. 
1987. 



Sheep, lambs, and wool sold , 



Horses and ponies inventory. 



Horses and ponies sold . 



146 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 14. Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning o1 abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 



INVENTORY 



! old or older _ 



farms, 1987_ 
1982.. 

farms, 1987.. 

1982. 

lumber, 1987.. 



; and pullets of laying age . 



1987 farms by inventory: 



Pullet cfiicks and pullets under 3 r 



farms, 1987. 



Broilers and o 


tier meat-type chickens .. 


1982.. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 
.... farms, 1987.. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 


Turkey hens 


kept for breeding 


1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 
.... farms, 1987. 

1982. 
number, 1987. 

1982. 






Ducks, geese 


and other poultry 


farms, 1987. 

1982. 



SALES 

Any poultry sold . 



lens and pullets sold 

Hens and pullets of laying i 
Pullets not of laying age so 



farms. 1987. 



1982. 



Broilers and other meat -type chickens sold... farms, 1967. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

1 987 farms by number sold: 

1 to 1,999 

2,000 to 59,999 

60,000 to 99,999 

100,000 to 199,999 

200,000 to 499,999 

500,000 or more farms. 

Turkeys sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

' 1982! 

Turkeys for slaughter sold farms, 1987. 

1982. 

number, 1987. 

1982. 

Ducks, geese, and other poultry sold farms, 1987. 

1982 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 147 



Table 15. Selected Crops: 1987 and 1982 

(For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Rhode Island 



land farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Irrigated farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 

Corn for grain or seed farms, 1987,. 

1982.. 
acres, 1987.. 



bustiels, 1987.. 



1982.. 



1 987 farms by acres 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more... — 

Corn for silage or green chop farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 



1982.. 



farms, 1987. 



3 077 
33 778 
43 979 



1982. 

1 987 farms by acres harvested: 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

Irish potatoes farms. 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

cwt, 1987.. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987., 

1982. 
acres, 1987., 



1987 farms by acri 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24.9 acres , 

25.0 to 99,9 acres , 

100,0 acres or more , 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, 

grass silage, green chop, etc. (see teirt) (arms, 1987. 

1982- 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

tons, dry, 1987, 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987. 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 



2 879 
259 958 
703 350 



2 737 

3 428 
5 430 



1987 farms by a 

1 to 24 acres 

25 to 99 acres 

100 to 249 acres 

250 acres or more 

'egetables hareested for sale (see text) farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987. 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 



1987 famis by a 

0.1 to 4.9 acres 

5.0 to 24,9 acres 

25,0 to 99,9 acres 

100,0 acres or more 

Land in orchards farms, 1987., 

1982. 

acres, 1987. 

1982. 

Irrigated farms, 1987., 

1982. 
acres, 1987. 



1982. 



1 987 farms by bearing and nonbearing 



148 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 

[Data for 1 987 include abnormal farms. For meaning c 



FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS 

Land in farms farms. 

acres, 
Average size of farm aaes. 

Value of land and buildings^ 

Average per farm,, dollars. 

Average per acre , dollars. 

Total cropland farms. 

acres. 

Harvested cropland _- , farms. 

acres. 



MARKET VALUE OF AGRICUL- 
TURAL PRODUCTS SOLD 

Total sales (see text) $1,000. 1967 

1982 

Average per farm dollars. 1987 

1982 

1987 sales by commodity or commodity 
group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse 

crops ,,. farms. 

$1,000. 

Grains farms. 

$1,000. 
Com for grain farms. 

$1,000. 
Wheat farms 

$1,000. 
Soybeans farms 

$1,000 

Sorghum for grain farms 

$1,000 
Barley farms. 

$1,000 
Oats farms 

$1,000 
Other grains farms 

$1,000 

Cotton and cottonseed farms 

$1,000 
Tobacco farms 

$1,000 
Hay. silage, and field seeds farms 

$1,000 
Vegetables, sweet com. and melons --- farms 

$1,000 

Fruits, nuts, and hemes — farms 

$1,000 

Nursery and greenhouse crops farms 

$1,000 

Olher crops farms 

$1,000 

try. and their products farms 

$1,000 

Poultry and poultry products farms 

$1,000. 

Dairy products I 

$1,000. 

Cattle and calves famns. 

$1,000. 
Hogs and pigs farms. 

$1,000. 
Sheep, lambs, and wool. I 

$1,000. 
Other livestoctf and livestock products 
(see text) farms. 

$ 

See footnotes at end of table. 



670 246 

366 365 

5 722 

3 176 



420 600 

298 000 

IS 475 

2 796 



262 294 

259 OOO 

2 648 



8 912 
166 959 
125 526 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 149 



Table 16. 

[Data for 1987 ii 



Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

I farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symtxils. see introductory text ] 



i(013). 



Casfi grains (011) _. 
Field crops, except c 

Cotton (0131) 

Tobacco (0132) 

Sugarcane and sugar beets; Irisfi potatoes; 
field crops, except casfi grains, n.e.c. 
(0133. 0134. 0139) 



Vegetables and melons (016) 

Fruits and tree nuts (017) 

Horticultural specialties (018) 

General farms, pnmanly crop (019) 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal 

specialties (021) 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212) 

Dairy farms (024) 

Poultry and eggs (025) 

Animal specialties (027) 

General famis. primarily livestock and animal 
i(029) -.. 



FARMS BY SIZE 



9 acres 1987, 





1982. 
1987 




1982. 


70 to 99 acres 


1982. 
1987 


100 to 139 acres 


1982. 
1987 




1982- 


180 to 219 acres 


1982. 
1987 




1982- 


260 to 499 acres 


1982. 
1987 




1982- 




1982- 


2.000 acres or more 


1982. 
1987. 



TENURE OF OPERATOR 





faims, 1987 

1982 

acres. 1987 

1982 


127 

141 
8 915 
11 534 

86 

95 

16 748 

16 812 

37 


1982 

acres. 1987 

1982 

ants famis 1987 




1982 

acres. 1987 

1982 


35 
3 405 
3 288 



OPERATOR CHARACTERISTICS 

Operators by place of residence; 
On farm operated 1987. 

1982. 
Not on farm operated 1987. 

1982. 
Not reported 1987. 

1982. 

Operators by principal occupation; 

Fanning 1987. 

1982. 

Other 1987. 

1982. 
Operators by days of work off farm: 

None 1987. 

1982 

Any --1987 

1982 

1 to 49 days 1987 

1982 

50 10 99 days 1987 

1982 

100 to 149 acres 1987 

1982 

See footnotes at end of table. 

150 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



f work off farm— Ck)n. 



1 50 to 1 99 days 


1987 




1982. _ 
1987 




1982.. 
1987 




1982.. 












1 987 operators by age group: 
Under 25 years 












Average age . 



TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship) farms, 1 

acres, ■ 
Partnership farms, ■ 



Other than family f 



1 production expenses 

i poultry purchased 

Feed for livestock and poultry 

d formula feeds . 



.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 
.. farms. 

$1,000. 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and t 

Commercial fertilizer 

Agricultural chemicals 

Petroleum products 

Electncity 

Hired farm labor 



$1,000. 
"$1,000 
"$1,000 



Contract labor 

Repair and maintenance . 



'$1,000' 



Cash rent 

Property taxes 

All other farm production 

See footnotes at end of t 



3 204 

85 

2 673 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 151 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 1987 and 1982-Ck)n. 

(Data for 1987 include abnormal farms. For meaning of abbreviabons and symbols, see introductory text] 




LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 





-. farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Beef cows 


1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

farms 1987 


Milk cows 


1982.. 
number. 1987.. 
1982.. 
farms 1987 




1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Steers, steer calves, bulls, and bull calves 


number! 1987.. 

... farms. 1987.. 

number. 1987.. 




1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 






Fattened on grain and concentrates __.. 


1982.. 
number. 1987.. 

1982.. 

... farms. 1987.. 

number. 1987.. 

farms. 1987 


Used or to be used for breeding 


number. 1987II 
1982.. 

— farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 




1982.. 

number. 1987.. 

1982.. 


Feeder pigs 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


Sheep and lambs inventory.. 


1982.. 

1982.- 

... farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 


Hens and pullets ol laying age inventory _.._ 


1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.. 

... farms, 1987.. 

1982.. 

number, 1987.. 

1982.- 

... farms, 1987.. 

1982.- 

number, 1987-- 

1982.. 



17 519 
12 951 
75 515 
51 598 



2 908 
69 519 
40 962 



See footnotes at end of table. 

152 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 16. Farms With Sales of $10,000 or More: 

[Data fof 1987 include abnomial farms. For i 



1987 and 1982-Con. 



„e. 


Rhode Island 


Bristol 


Kent 


Newport 


Providence 


Washington 


CROPS HARVESTED 




























, 






1982.. 
acres, 1987.. 

hushei.111?:: 

1982.. 


5 
9 497 


: 




i 


i 


3 


Com tor silage or green chop 


farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 
acres. 1987.. 

1982- 
tons, green. 1987.. 


49 
61 

1 757 

2 572 


(D) 


6 

3 

229 

3^l' 
(D) 


436 

821 

8 551 

11 896 


12 

(D) 
340 

41^ 


19 

22 

718 

1 056 

12 110 

14 142 


h hitnc 


farms. 1987 


16 

19 

1 393 

257 9?i 
(D) 


i 




9 
12 




7 




1982.. 

acres, 1987.. 

1982.. 

cwt 1987.. 

1982.. 


7 


Hay-aHalfa, other tame, small grain, wild. 
grass silage, green chop. etc. (see text) 


farms. 1987.. 

acr^^ll?:: 

1982.. 
ton. dry. 1987.. 


93 
116 

4 237 

5 087 
8 617 

11 015 


5 
10 
184 
589 
260 
1 305 


9 

9 

468 

617 

lis 


25 

28 

1 067 

650 

2623 

1 739 


27 

34 

1 342 

1 594 

3l'S 


27 

35 

1 176 

1 437 

2 399 

3 451 


Vegetables harvested (or sale (see text) _ 


farms. 1987.. 

1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982.. 


57 

69 

1 785 

1 645 


3 

IS 


1 


13 
20 
448 
437 


23 
30 
754 
424 


17 
14 
495 
470 






33 
28 
653 
610 




2 

i 


82 
58 


22 
18 
544 
507 




1982.. 

acres. 1987.. 

1982- 


3 



'Data for 1982 indixJe selfi>ropelled only. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 153 



Table 17. Milk Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





ea 


Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic a 


Milk goats 


Goat milk 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Gallons 


($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Rhode Island 


.1987.. 
1982.. 


25 
25 


310 


9 


206 
(D) 


6 
8 


3 890 

4 005 


15 
(NA) 


24 
(D) 



Table 18. Angora Goats— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[Not published for this State) 



Table 19. Mink and Their Pelts— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

(Not published lor this State] 



Table 20. Colonies of Bees and Honey— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Colonies of bees 


Hone. 


Farms 






Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


($1,000) 


STATE TOTAL 

Rhode Island 1987.. 

1982.. 


48 


270 
226 


3 


(D) 
(D) 


25 
8 


11 999 
1 866 


26 

(NA) 


22 

(D) 



Table 21. Fish Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[Not published for this State] 



Table 22. Miscellaneous Poultry— Inventory and Sales: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





Inventory 


Sales 




Farms 


Number 


Famis 


Number 


DUCKS 
Stale Total 

Rhode Island 1987.. 

1982.. 


19 


2i 


, 


(D) 
(D) 



154 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 23. Miscellaneous Livestock and Animal Specialties- Inventory and 
Sales: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 







Inventory 


Sales 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Sales 
($1,000) 


MULES, BURROS, AND DONKEYS 














State Total 














Rhode Island 


1987__ 

1982.. 


13 

5 


22 
17 


] 


(D) 
(D) 


IS 


Counties, 1987 


















6 
5 


1 


(D) 






(D) 


GOATS, TOTAL 














State Total 














Rhode Island _ — 


1987.. 

1982.. 


45 


485 
187 


24 
12 


595 


iS^! 


Counties, 1987 


















5 

12 
18 


16 
52 
212 
205 


6 
8 


24 
154 
177 


(NA) 




(NA) 


p,3ence" "" " "" 


(NA) 


Washington ___ 




(NA) 


GOATS, EXCEPT ANGORA AND MILK 














State Total 














Rhode Island - - 


1987.. 

1982.. 


27 
8 


175 

16 


3 


149 
(D) 


8 
(D) 


RABBITS AND THEIR PELTS 














State Total 


















25 
8 


285 
94 


I 


310 
231 


1 


1982.. 





Table 24. Grains— Corn, Sorghum, Wheat, and Other Small Grains: 1987 and 1982 



(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols. 


see introductory text) 


























1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


CORN FOR GRAIN OR SEED 
(BUSHELS) 




























State Total 




























Rhode Island 


9 




99 


7 585 








12 


151 


10 902 


2 




(D) 


Counties 




























W h 


5 




5 
94 


325 
7 260 






: 


5 
(NA) 


(.iS! 


^a'4 


(NA) 






All other counties 





1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 155 



Table 25. Cotton, Tobacco, Soybeans, Dry Beans and Peas, Potatoes, Sugar Crops, and 
Peanuts: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory 1 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


IRISH POTATOES (CWT) 


























State Total 


























Rhode Island . . 


22 


1 410 


259 958 


2 




(D) 


21 


2 879 


703 350 


1 




(D) 


Counties 


























Newport 

Washington 


13 
9 


1 042 
368 


199 870 
60 088 


2 




(D) 


13 
8 


1 557 
1 322 


358 325 
345 025 


^ 




(D) 



Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, 


see introductory text) 






















1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Farms 


Acres 


HAY-ALFALFA, OTHER 
TAME, SMALL GRAIN, 
WILD, GRASS SILAGE, 
GREEN CHOP, ETC. (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 
























Slate Total 










































^ 






Counties 
























Bnstol 


13 
26 
60 
109 


387 

808 

1 872 

3 165 


652 
1 836 

3 837 

4 372 


3 


28 


18 

72 
112 


692 
990 

1 896 

2 981 


1 413 

2 022 

3 647 
5 196 


2 






Newport 






(D) 


ALFALFA HAY (TONS, DRY) 
























State Total 
























Rhode Island.. 


112 


2 263 


5 159 


3 


(D) 


126 


2 620 


6 278 


2 




(0) 


Counties 


























20 
42 

35 


75 
301 
521 
745 
621 


158 

847 

1 413 

1 446 

1 295 


3 


(D) 


6 

27 
35 


202 
138 
412 
723 
1 145 


456 

377 

1 014 

1 492 

2 937 


1 






Kent 




Newport 




Washington 


(D) 
(D) 


SMALL GRAIN HAY (TONS, 
DRY) 
























State Total 


























„ 










,, 












Counties 
























)J(rS'?Sunt^:::::::::::::::::::::: 


5 
6 


36 
55 


43 
66 




: 


6 
(NA) 


83 
(NA) 


148 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


TAME HAY OTHER THAN 
ALFALFA. SMALL GRAIN, 
AND WILD HAY (SEE 
TEXT) (TONS, DRY) 
























State Total 


























182 


4 005 


6 187 


' 


(D) 


231 


5 299 


9 239 


' 






Counties 






7 
15 
37 
68 


230 
381 
843 
1 585 
966 


422 

752 

1 462 

2 107 
1 444 


:; 


(D) 


12 
25 
48 
85 
61 


372 
648 

2 003 
1 207 


635 
1 239 

1 981 
3 362 

2 022 


', 






Kent 

Newport 

Providence 

Washington 


(D) 



156 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 26. Field Seeds, Grass Seeds, Hay, Forage, and Silage: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Famis 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Quantity 


Famis 


Acres 


WILD HAY (TONS, DRY) 
























State Total 










































^ 






Counties 
























Newport 


13 
22 

7 


107 
(D) 


156 




i 


13 

13 

16 

(NA) 


(D) 
150 
165 
(NA) 


i 

(NA) 


(NA) 






Providence 

Washington 


(D) 
(NA) 


GRASS SILAGE, HAYLAGE, 
AND GREEN CHOP HAY 
(TONS, GREEN) 












State Total 
















































Counties 


























7 
9 


282 

(D) 
164 
(D) 


2 175 

1 451 

1 467 

818 




: 


11 

4 

8 

(NA) 


i 

(NA) 


1 245 
247 
462 
(NA) 


(NA) 






Providence 








All other counties 


(NA) 


CORN FOR SILAGE OR 
GREEN CHOP (TONS, 
GREEN) 














State Total 
























Rhode Island 


77 


2 008 


33 778 


3 


14 


102 


3 077 


43 979 






(D) 


Counties 
























Kent ._. 

Newport 


15 
17 
30 
15 


5'?i' 


99'?^ 


2 


(D) 
(D) 


5 

35 

37 

(NA) 


1 1?^ 

(rJS! 


2 541 

16 912 

16 163 

(NA) 


(NA) 




- 




(r^S! 







Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations anij symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Harvested 


Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


LAND USED FOR 
VEGETABLES (SEE TEXT) 




















State Total 




















Rhode Island 


99 


1 889 


28 




586 


120 


.. 




415 


Counties 






















10 

19 
38 


132 

447 
789 


9 






31 
54 


i 

523 


3 
3 
13 






(D) 


Newport ._.. ___ 


(D) 
148 


VEGETARI FS HARVESTED 
(SEE TEXT) 




















State Total 






















99 


1 947 


28 




617 


120 


1 908 


28 




Counties 




Bnstol ____ 

Kent 

Newport __, 


10 

19 
38 
28 


131 

473 
791 
541 


9 
13 




208 
273 


11 

31 
54 
20 


527 
488 


1I 


8 


Washington 


175 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 157 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 




Irrigated 


Harvested 


Irrigated 




Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


Farms 


Acres 


SNAP BEANS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 








(D) 


29 


62 


2 


(D) 


Counties 








Providence 

Washington 


10 
6 
5 


(D) 
(D) 


2 
3 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


6 
(NA) 


27 
(NA) 


2 
(NA) 


(D) 
(NA) 




BEETS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island- 


8 


^ 


2 


(D) 








(D) 


BROCCOLI 














State Total 


















Rhode Island _ 


12 


8 


2 


(D) 




8 






Counties 














Newport 


4 


5 
2 


1 


(D) 
(D) 


3 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(D) 


(Na") 
(NA) 




Providence 


(NA) 
(NA) 






HEAD CABBAGE 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island. — 


12 


52 


2 


(D) 




47 


3 


5 


Counties 










Newport 


5 

7 


33 
19 


2 


(D) 


9 


29 
(D) 


2 


IS 


Providence 


CANTALOUPS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island __ 


8 


4 


2 


(D) 


8 


8 


2 


(D) 




CAULIFLOWER 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 








(D) 




15 






Counties 














Providence 


3 
3 


5 
5 


T 


(D) 


(NA) 


11 
(NA) 


m) 


(NA) 




CUCUMBERS AND PICKI FS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island ___ 


26 


13 


6 






43 


2 


(D) 


Counties 














9 
6 


5 


5 


n 


20 

6 

(NA) 


29 
(D) 
(NA) 


2 

(NA) 


(D) 


Washington 




m) 




EGGPLANT 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 


7 










22 




(D) 


LETTUCE AND ROMAINE 














SUte Total 


















Rhode Island _. 


5 


8 


2 


(D) 


4 


5 


, 


(D) 



158 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 27. Vegetables, Sweet Corn, and Melons Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



HOT PEPPERS 
State Total 

Rhode Island 



SWEET PEPPERS 
State Total 

Rhode Island-- 

Counties 



PUMPKINS 
State Total 

Rhode Island-. 
Counties 

Newport - 

Providence 

Washington -,. 
All other counti 

SQUASH 
State Total 

Rhode Island .. 
Counties 



All other counties _ 

SWEET CORN 
State Total 

Rhode Island 

Counties 



Newport ... 
Providence . 
Washington 



TOMATOES 
State Total 

Rhode Island -- 
Counties 



Newport 

Providence.. 
Washington . 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 159 



Table 28. Fruits and Nuts: 

(Fof meanln 



1987 and 1982 



Geographic area 


Total 


Trees or vines not o( bearing age 


Trees or vines of bearing age 


Harvested 


Farms 


Acres 


Trees Of vines 


Famis 


Number 


Farms 


Number 


Farms 


Pounds 


LAND IN 
ORCHARDS 




















State Total 




















Rhode Island 1987., 

1982,. 


83 
79 


856 
827 


00 


gj 


IS 


IS 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 

(X) 


Counties, 1987 




















Newport 


15 
40 
18 
10 


111 
660 


(X) 


^ 
^ 


m 

(X) 


PO 


i 


(X) 
(X) 


(X) 
00 

Si 




All other counlies_I„III" 


APPLES 








State Total 




















Rhode Island- 1987.. 

1982-. 


72 
68 


623 
579 


36 168 
28 455 


48 
35 


4 928 
4 851 


62 
55 


i^iS 


47 
38 


5 221 253 
5 450 839 


Counties, 1987 




















Newport 


10 
38 

10 


20 
566 
20 


847 
32 852 
1 304 
1 165 


8 
30 

3 


336 

197 
65 


6 
36 
12 


511 
28 522 
1 107 


3 
33 


(D) 

5 153 058 

10 267 

(D) 


Providence 

Washington 




GRAPES (SEE 


















State Total 




















Rhode Island 1987.. 

1982.. 


18 
28 


97 
97 


58 072 
55 409 


12 
24 


23 7<,''i 


16 

19 


3,6?^ 


8 

8 


-^ 


Counties, 1987 




















Newport 


5 
9 


90 
5 
2 


54 600 
2 207 


2 

6 


1 


5 


tii 


5 
3 


JC! 


Washington 


All other counties 


PEACHES 




















State Total 




















Rhode Island 1987_. 

1982__ 


S 


95 
125 


6 422 
9 806 


13 
30 


256 
1 326 


27 
35 


6 166 
8 480 


21 
22 


157 085 
318 371 


Counties, 1987 






















5 
6 


67 


4 090 


8 
2 
3 


(D) 


17 
5 

5 


'i 


16 
2 


155 800 


Washington 


All othe? countMS 




PEARS 




















State Total 




















Rhode Island 1987.. 

1982.. 


12 
18 


n 


1 738 

766 


7 
9 


162 
,27 


8 
13 


1 576 
639 


6 


36 239 

27 600 


Counties, 1987 




















Providence 


3 
6 


IS 

8 


(D) 
2'2°i 


2 


i 


2 
3 


168 


3 

2 




Washingto^n " ; " " I II II II 


"1 





160 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 29. Berries Harvested for Sale: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 




Irrigated 


Harvested 


imgated 




Fanns 


Acres 


Quamity 


Farms 


Acres 


Fanns 


Acres 


Quantity 


Fanns 


Acres 


BERRIES 






















State Total 
































-„ 












Counties 
























8 
9 
10 


92 
25 


PO 


2 
3 




1 
13 


26 


i 


(NA) 

2 

7 






NewDort 






(D) 


TAME BLIIFRFRRIES 
(POUNDS) 
















State Total 
































(D) 










(D) 


Counties 




















7 


9 
6 
28 


6 010 
2.3'S 


2 


(D) 


5 


(D) 


(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 

2 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(D) 




SS;;^^::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 


RASPBERRIES (POUNDS) 




















State Total 








































^ 




STRAWBERRIES (POUNDS) 






















State Total 






















Rtrode Island 


26 


112 


469 650 




90 


24 










Counties 
























8 
9 
5 




(D) 

42 053 

391 767 

(D) 


8 

2 


(D) 

82 
(D) 


3 

4 

6 

(NA) 


2 


(NA) 


2 
(NA) 


(NA) 


Washinoton 







Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text) 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Fanns 


Sq. ft under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


sa^ 

($1,000) 


Fanns 


Sq. ft under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


NURSERY AND 
GREENHOUSE CROPS 
(SEE TEXT) 

State Total 

Rhode Island 


121 

6 
10 
23 
39 
43 


890 384 

(D) 
64 800 

224 9?^ 
210 876 


4 121 
2 818 


20 786 

1 178 

11 454 


109 

5 

22 
39 
36 


868 143 

361 010 
220 338 
169 083 


3 203 

(D) 

9?i 

79 

1 932 


10 695 


Counties 




Newport 


(D) 
4 632 


Providence 


617 


Washington 


4 832 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 161 



Table 30. 



Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982-Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols 


see introductory te 


ct] 
















1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Sq. n. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


NURSERY, FLORICULTURE, 
VEGETABLE AND FLOWER 
SEED CROPS, SOD, ETC., 
GROWN IN THE OPEN, 
IRRIGATED (SEE TEXT) 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 








(X) 




(X) 


854 


(X) 


Counties 










Newport 


9 
6 
21 
5 


(X) 
(X) 

Sx! 


(D) 

31 

1 884 

(D) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


9 

5 

(NA) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 


56 

7 

772 

(NA) 


(X) 
(X) 
(X) 
(X) 




BEDDING PLANTS 








State Total 


































758 


Counties 
















Newport 


8 
21 


78 637 
150 700 
63 070 
51 560 


(D) 
(D) 
(D) 


466 
457 
(D) 
(D) 


6 

25 

10 

(NA) 


95 280 

112 088 

59 683 

(NA) 


(^SS 


355 
234 


Providence 




(NA) 




FOLIAGE AND POTTED 
FLOWERING PLANTS, 
TOTAL 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 


26 




(D) 






170 650 


(D) 


(D) 


Counties 










Newport _ 

Providence 

Washington 


5 
9 
8 


50 493 
40 100 
32 650 
25 700 


(D) 


518 
280 
79 
101 


6 

6 

(NA) 


46 200 

56 250 

(D) 

(NA) 


(D) 
(NA) 


74 
351 
(NA) 


All other counties 




FOLIAGE PLANTS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 


8 


9 510 


6 


104 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




POTTED FLOWERING 
PLANTS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 






(D) 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Counties 










8 
6 
3 


(D) 
40 100 

(D) 
22 700 


(D) 
(D) 


(D) 
(D) 

'8°7' 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


Providence 

Washington 

All other counties 


NURSERY CROPS 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 


39 












1 684 


5 861 


Counties 














Bristol 

Kent 

Newport..,. 

Providence.... 

Washington 


3 
3 
9 
10 


IS 

172 614 

(D) 

83 376 


953 
366 


5 890 
404 
(D) 


,NA| 
10 


(NA) 

(D) 

193 570 

39 0'0°.i 


(NA) 

9?i 
77 


(NA) 

3 866 
209 
(D) 


SOD HARVESTED 


















State Total 


















Rhode Island 


18 


(X) 


2 472 


7 904 


10 


(X) 


(D) 


3 116 



162 RHODE ISLAND 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE-COUNTY DATA 



Table 30. Nursery and Greenhouse Crops, Mushrooms, and Sod Grown for 
Sale: 1987 and 1982 -Con. 



[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see jntroduclory text] 





1987 


1982 


Geographic area 


Farms 


Sq. ft under 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Farms 


Sq. ft. under 

glass or other 

protection 


Acres in the 
open 


Sales 
($1,000) 


GREENHOUSE 
VEGETABLES 

State Total 


10 
6 


28 616 

9 476 
19 140 


(X) 

1^! 


33 


7 


23 840 


(X) 




Counties 

Providence 


iN^i 







Table 31. Other Crops: 1987 and 1982 

(Not published for this State] 



Table 32. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Value of Sales and Occupation: 
1987 and 1982 

[Not published for this State] 



Table 33. Farms Operated by Black and Other Races by Tenure: 1987 and 1982 

(Not published for this State] 



Table 34. Operators by Selected Racial Groups: 


1987 and 1982 








[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 










All farms 


Farms with sales of $10,000 or 
more' 




Farms 


Undin 


Farms 


Land in 
farms 


OTHER RACES (SEE TEXT) 














State Total 














Rhode Island - — - 1987.. 

1982.. 




1 


(D) 


1 




(D) 



'Data for 1982 exclude abnormal farms. 



Table 35. Operators of Spanish Origin: 1987 and 1982 

[Not published for this State] 



Table 36. Farms With Grazing Permits: 1987 

[Not published for this State] 

1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE -COUNTY DATA 



RHODE ISLAND 163 



APPENDIX A. 
General Explanation 



Page 

DATA COLLECTION A-1 

DATA PROCESSING A-2 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES A-2 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, AND 

RELATED PUBLICATIONS A-2 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS A-3 

FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED CHARACTERISTICS A-9 



DATA COLLECTION 

Method of Enumeration 

All agriculture censuses beginning with the 1969 census 
primarily have used maiiout/mailback data collection. Direct 
enumeration methods, however, continue to be used for 
the agriculture census in Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. 
Virgin Islands, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth 
of the Northern Mariana Islands. 

Mail List 

The mail list for the 1987 census was comprised of 
individuals, businesses, and organizations that could be 
readily identified as being associated with agriculture. The 
list was assembled from the records of the 1 982 census, 
administrative records of the Internal Revenue Service 
(IRS), and the statistical records of the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture (USDA). In addition, lists of large or specialized 
operations, such as nurseries and greenhouses, specialty 
crop farms, poultry farms, fish farms, livestock farms, and 
cattle feedlot operations, were obtained from State and 
Federal agencies, trade associations, and similar organi- 
zations. Lists of companies having one or more establish- 
ments (or locations) producing agricultural products were 
obtained from the 1982 census and updated using the 
information from the Standard Statistical Establishment 
List maintained by the Census Bureau. Exhaustive record 
linkage, unduplication, and mathematical modeling yielded 
a final mail list of 4.1 million names and addresses that had 
a substantial probability of being a farm operation. 

Report Forms 

In 1987, three different report forms were used— a 
two-page, a four-page, and a six-page form to minimize the 
reporting burden, particularly for small farms and places 
less likely to be farms. The six-page sample form and the 
four-page nonsample form are the same, except sections 
23 through 28 have been added to the sample form to 
obtain supplemental information from a sample of farms. 



The information collected in these sections will give the 
Bureau of the Census a good basis for making estimates of 
these data for other farms included in the census. The 
two-page form does not have as many questions or as 
much detail as the four-page and six-page forms. The 
four-page form has 1 1 regional versions and the six-page 
form has 13 regional versions. Both forms have different 
crops prelisted. Appendix D contains copies of both the 
two-page and six-page forms. 

The six-page form was mailed to 1,104,000 addressees 
on the mail list, including all those expected to be large 
(based on expected sales or acreage) or unique (farms 
operated by multiestablishment companies or nonprofit 
organizations), all those in Alaska and Hawaii, and a 
sample of other addressees. The two-page form was 
mailed to 906,000 addressees. These were expected to be 
small farms or less likely to be farms. The four-page form 
was mailed to the remaining 2,079,000 addressees. Fur- 
ther discussion of the criteria used to determine which 
form was mailed to an addressee is provided in the Census 
Sample Design section of appendix C. 

Initial Mailing 

The report forms were mailed in mid-December 1 987 to 
the approximately 4,089,000 individuals, businesses, and 
organizations on the mail list. The mail packages included 
a report form, a cover letter with a description of the 
purposes and uses of the census on the reverse side, an 
information sheet containing instructions for completing 
the form, and a postage-paid return envelope. Additional 
special instructions were included with report forms sent to 
grazing associations; feedlot operations; institutional orga- 
nizations; Indian reservations; firms with multiple farm or 
ranch operations; and producers of poultry under contract, 
bees and honey, fish, laboratory animals, and nursery and 
greenhouse crops. 

To provide additional help to farmers in completing their 
reports, copies of an Agriculture Census Guide booklet 
were sent to vocational agriculture instructors, USDA 
county offices of the Agriculture Stabilization and Conser- 
vation Service, and the Cooperative Extension Service. 
The Guide contained descriptions and definitions of vari- 
ous items in more detail than the instructions included with 
each report form. Representatives of the above agencies 
graciously consented to assist farmers in completing their 
report forms. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-1 



Followup Procedures 

A thank you/reminder card was mailed to those on the 
mail list in mid-January 1988. Five followup letters, three of 
which were accompanied by a report form, were sent to 
nonrespondents at 4-week intervals starting in mid-February 
and continuing until early June 1988. 

Telephone calls were made to all large farms who had 
not responded. In addition, telephone calls were made to a 
sample of other nonrespondents in counties that had a 
response rate of less than 75 percent. A nonresponse 
adjustment procedure was used to represent the final 
nonrespondent farms in the census results. A description 
of this procedure is included in the Census Estimation 
section of appendix C. 

DATA PROCESSING 

Selected report forms were reviewed prior to keying the 
data. These included reports with attached correspon- 
dence and reports with remarks or no positive data on the 
front page. 

The data from each report form were subjected to a 
detailed item-by-item computer edit. The edit performed 
comprehensive checks for consistency and reasonable- 
ness, corrected erroneous or inconsistent data, supplied 
missing data based on similar farms within the same 
county, and assigned farm classification codes necessary 
for tabulating the data. Substantial computer-generated 
changes to the data were clerically reviewed and verified. 

In the computer edit, farms with sales, acreage, or 
commodities exceeding specified levels were tested for 
historical comparability. Key items, such as acreage and 
sales, were compared for substantial changes between 
1 982 and 1 987. Sizeable historical differences were resolved 
or verified by telephone, if necessary. Respondents who 
reported sales or acreage above specified levels on non- 
sample forms were sent correspondence requesting the 
additional sample data. Prior to publication, tabulated 
totals were reviewed by statisticians to identify inconsis- 
tencies and potential coverage problems. Comparisons 
were made with previous census data, estimates published 
by the USDA, and other available data. 

MAJOR DATA CHANGES 

Prior to each agriculture census, the Census Bureau 
reviews the content of the census forms to eliminate 
questions no longer needed and to identify new items 
necessary to meet user needs and to better describe the 
agricultural situation in our Nation. Data requests are 
solicited from farmers, farm organizations, land grant col- 
leges and universities. State and federal agencies, and 
members of the Census Advisory Committee on Agricul- 
tural Statistics. Each agency and organization is asked to 
identify and justify its specific data needs. The following 
data inquiries were added to the 1 987 report form: 



Income from farm-related sources 

Acres under the Conservation Reserve Program 

Payments received for participation in federal farm 

programs 
Grazing permits by source 

Additional data on production expenses were added in 
1987: 

Repair and maintenance expenses 

Cash rent 

Property taxes paid 

All other production expenses 

The following separate data inquiries were eliminated 
from the 1 987 form: 

Storage capacity for petroleum products 
Number of hired farm and ranch workers 
Value of agricultural products sold directly to individuals 

for human consumption 
Source of irrigation water 
Tons of commercially mixed feed 
Expenditures for coal, wood, and coke 
Selected machinery items: automobiles, corn heads for 

combines, and field forage harvesters 
Chinchillas 
Worms 
Tropical and baitfish 

FOLLOW-ON SURVEYS, SPECIAL CENSUSES, 
AND RELATED PUBLICATIONS 

In addition to the 1 987 Census of Agriculture for the 50 
States, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, Amer- 
ican Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern 
ivlariana Islands, the census of agriculture program includes 
the 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey, the 1988 
Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey, and 
the 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties. 

The 1988 Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey provides 
data on water use by irrigated farms and ranches. Data 
include: the amount of water applied by crop, method of 
water distribution, source of water, and energy costs for 
pumping water. Data from this survey will be published as 
volume 3, part 1. 

The 1 988 Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership 
Survey provides detailed data on debts, expenses, taxes, 
credits, assets, land ownership, and farm and off-farm 
income for farm operators. Many of these items, as well as 
detailed data on landlord characteristics, are being col- 
lected from the landlords of the farms involved in the 
survey. Data from this survey will be published as volume 
3, part 2. 

The 1988 Census of Horticultural Specialties covers 
operations growing and selling $2,000 or more of horticul- 
tural products such as greenhouse products, outdoor- 
grown floricultural products, nursery products, mushrooms, 
and sod. These data will be published as volume 4. 

Additional publications of the 1 987 Census of Agricul- 
ture data include the Agricultural Atlas of the United States 
(previously called the Graphic Summary), Coverage Eval- 
uation, Ranking of States and Counties, and Government 
Payments and Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold. 



A-2 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



The Agricultural Atlas of the United States presents the 
Nation's agriculture graphically illustrated by dot and mul- 
ticolor pattern maps. The maps provide displays on size 
and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, market value of 
products sold, crops harvested, livestock inventories, and 
other characteristics of farms. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 1 . 

The Coverage Evaluation report provides estimates of 
the completeness of the 1987 Census of Agriculture for 
the United States, geographic regions, and selected States 
and groups of States. Estimates with their associated 
sample reliability are provided for farms not on the mail list, 
farms classified as nonfarms, duplicate farms, and non- 
farms classified as farms. This report will be published as 
volume 2, part 2. 

The Ranking of States and Counties report ranks the 
leading States and counties for selected items in the 1987 
census and provides comparative data from the 1982 
census. This report will be published as volume 2, part 3. 

A new publication on Government Payments and Mar- 
ket Value of Agricultural Products Sold presents 1 987 data 
for the United States and each State. The U.S. table has a 
format similar to volume 1, U.S. table 52 and presents 
summary data by size of farm. This report will be published 
as volume 2, part 5. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

The following definitions and explanations provide a 
more detailed description of the terms used in this publi- 
cation than are available in the tables or on the report form. 
For an exact wording of the questions on the 1 987 census 
report forms and the information sheet which accompa- 
nied these forms, see appendix D. Most definitions of 
terms are the same as those used in earlier censuses. The 
more important exceptions are also noted here. 

Farms or farms reporting— The term "farms" or "farms 
reporting" in the presentation of data denotes the number 
of farms reporting the item. For example, if there are 3,710 
farms in a State and 842 of them had 28,594 cattle and 
calves, the data for those farms reporting cattle and calves 
would appear as: 

Cattle and calves farms- - 842 

number- - 28,594 

Land in farms— The acreage designated in the tables 
as "land in farms" consists primarily of agricultural land 
used for crops, pasture, or grazing. It also includes wood- 
land and wasteland not actually under cultivation or used 
for pasture or grazing, provided it was part of the farm 
operator's total operations. Large acreages of woodland or 
wasteland held for nonagricultural purposes were deleted 
from individual reports during the processing operations. 
Land in farms includes acres set aside under annual 
commodity acreage programs as well as acres in the 
Conservation Reserve Program for places meeting the 
farm definition. 



Land in farms is an operating unit concept and includes 
land owned and operated as well as land rented from 
others. Land used rent free was to be reported as land 
rented from others. All grazing land, except land used 
under government permits on a per-head basis, was 
included as "land in farms" provided it was part of a farm 
or ranch. Land under the exclusive use of a grazing 
association was to be reported by the grazing association 
and included as land in farms. All land in Indian reserva- 
tions used for growing crops or grazing livestock was to be 
included as land in farms. Land in reservations not reported 
by individual Indians or non-Indians was to be reported in 
the name of the cooperative group that used the land. In 
some instances, an entire Indian reservation was reported 
as one farm. 



Land area— The approximate land area of counties and 
States represents the total land area as determined by 
records and calculations as of January 1, 1988. These 
data are updated periodically; however, the acreages 
shown for 1987 are essentially the same as for 1982. Any 
differences between the land area for 1987 and 1982 are 
due to annexations and other changes affecting county 
boundaries. 



Land in two or more counties— With few exceptions, 
the land in each farm was tabulated as being in the 
operator's principal county. The principal county was defined 
as the one where the largest value of agricultural products 
was raised or produced. It was usually the county contain- 
ing all or the largest proportion of the land in the farm or 
viewed by the respondent as his/her principal county. For 
a limited number of Midwest and Western States, this 
procedure has resulted in the allocation of more land in 
farms to a county than the total land area of the county. To 
minimize this distortion, separate reports were required for 
large farms identified from the 1982 census as having 
more than one farm unit. Other reports received showing 
land in more than one county were separated into two or 
more reports if the data would substantially affect the 
county totals. 



Value of land and buildings— Respondents were asked 
to report their estimate of the current market value of land 
and buildings owned, rented or leased from others, and 
rented or leased to others. Market value refers to the value 
the land and buildings would sell for under current market 
conditions. If the value of land and buildings was not 
reported, it was estimated using the average value of land 
and buildings from a similar farm in the same geographic 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-3 



Harvested cropland— This category includes land from 
which crops were harvested or hay was cut, and land in 
orchards, citrus groves, vineyards, nurseries, and green- 
houses. Land from which two or more crops were har- 
vested was counted only once, even though there was 
more than one use of the land. 



Irrigated land— This category includes all land watered 
by any artificial or controlled means, such as sprinklers, 
furrows or ditches, and spreader dikes. Included are 
supplemental, partial, and preplant irrigation. Each acre 
was to be counted only once regardless of the number of 
times it was irrigated or harvested. 



Cropland used only for pasture or grazing— This 

category includes land used only for pasture or grazing 
that could have been used for crops without additional 
improvement. Included also was all cropland used for 
rotation pasture and land in government diversion pro- 
grams that were pastured. However, cropland that was 
pastured before or after crops were harvested was to be 
included as harvested cropland rather than cropland for 
pasture or grazing. 

Other cropland— This category includes cropland not 
harvested and not grazed which was used for cover crops, 
soil improvement crops, land on which all crops failed, 
cultivated summer fallow, idle cropland, and land planted 
in crops that were to be harvested after the census year. 

Total woodland— This category includes natural or 
planted woodlots or timber tracts, cutover and deforested 
land with young growth which has or will have value for 
wood products, land planted for Christmas tree production, 
and woodland pastured. Land covered by sagebrush or 
mesquite was to be reported as other pastureland and 
rangeland or other land. 

Woodland pastured— This category includes all wood- 
land used for pasture or grazing during the census year. 
Woodland or forest land pastured under a per-head graz- 
ing permit was not counted as land in farms and therefore, 
was not included in woodland pastured. 

Cropland in annual commodity acreage adjustment 
programs— This category includes land diverted or set 
aside under the provisions of the Federal Commodity 
Acreage Program. These data are for the acres of cropland 
taken out of production by growers of wheat, cotton, rice, 
corn, sorghum, barley, and oats, and devoted to conser- 
vation uses. Information was not obtained as to which 
crops would have been grown on the acres set aside. 

Cropland in the Conservation Reserve Program 
(CRP)— This category includes acres of "highly erodible" 
cropland taken out of agricultural production and planted 
to protective cover crops or reforested. The CRP was 
established through the 1985 Food Security Act and 
provides for annual rental payments and shared costs of 
conservation practices through a 1 0-year contract with the 
USDA. Appendix B presents data on places with all their 
cropland enrolled in the Conservation Resen/e Program 
and which were not counted as farms in the 1 987 census. 



Operator— The term "operator" designates a person 
who operates a farm, either doing the work or making 
day-to-day decisions about such things as planting, har- 
vesting, feeding, and marketing. The operator may be the 
owner, a member of the owner's household, a hired 
manager, a tenant, a renter, or a sharecropper. If a person 
rents land to others or has land worked on shares by 
others, he/she is considered the operator only of the land 
which is retained for his/her own operation. For partner- 
ships, only one partner is counted as the operator. If it is 
not clear which partner is in charge, then the senior or 
oldest active partner is considered the operator. For 
census purposes, the number of operators is the same as 
the number of farms. In some cases, the operator was not 
the individual named on the address label of the report 
form, but another family member, a partner, or a hired 
manager who was actually in charge of the farm operation. 

Operator characteristics— All operators were asked 
to report place of residence, principal occupation, days of 
off-farm work, year in which his/her operation of the farm 
began, age, race, sex, and Spanish origin. If race, age, sex, 
and principal occupation were not reported, they were 
imputed based on information reported by farms with 
similar acreage, tenure, and value of sales. No imputations 
were made for nonresponse to place of residence, Span- 
ish origin, off-farm work, or year began operation. Opera- 
tors of Spanish origin were tabulated by reported race. 

Farm production expenses— In 1 987, additional spe- 
cific expense items and a category for all other farm 
production expenses were added to the selected farm 
production expenses collected in 1 982. Consequently, we 
are publishing total farm production expenses in 1 987. The 
expenses are limited to those incurred in the operation of 
the farm business. Expenses include the share of the 
expenditures provided by landlords, contractors, and part- 
ners in the operation of the farm business. Property taxes 
paid by landlords are excluded. Expenditures for nonfarm 
activities; farm-related activities such as providing custom- 
work for others, the production and harvest of forest 
products, and reaeational services; and household expenses 
are excluded. In 1987, as in other recent censuses, 
operators producing crops, livestock, or poultry under 
contract often were unable or unwilling to estimate the cost 
of production inputs furnished by the contractors. As a 
consequence, extensive estimation was required for con- 
tract producers. 

Commercial fertilizer— The expense for commercial 
fertilizer is the amount spent on fertilizer during 1 987 



A-4 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



including the cost of custom application. The cost of 
custom application was excluded from the 1982 and 
1978 data. 

Agricultural chemicals— These expenses include the 
cost of all insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and 
other pesticides, including the cost of custom applica- 
tion. Data exclude commercial fertilizer purchased. 
The cost of custom application was excluded from the 
1982 and 1978 data. The cost of lime was excluded 
from the 1987 and 1982 data, but included in 1978. 

Customwork, machine hire, and rental of machinery 
and equipment— These expenses include costs incurred 
for having customwork done on the place and for 
renting machines to perform agricultural operations. 
The cost of cotton ginning is excluded. The cost of 
labor involved in the customwork service is included in 
the customwork expense. The cost of custom applica- 
tion of fertilizer and chemicals was included in the 
1982 and 1978 customwork data, but is included in 
expenditures for these items in 1 987. The cost of hired 
labor for operating rented or hired machinery is included 
as a hired farm and ranch labor expense. 

Interest— In 1987, separate data were collected for 
interest paid on debts secured by real estate and 
interest paid on debts not secured by real estate. In 
1 982, only total interest expenses were collected. 

Market value of agricultural products sold— This 
category represents the gross market value before taxes 
and production expenses of all agricultural products sold 
or removed from the place in 1987 regardless of who 
received the payment. It includes sales by the operator as 
well as the value of any shares received by partners, 
landlords, contractors, or others associated with the oper- 
ation. In addition, it includes receipts from placing com- 
modities in the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) loan 
program in 1987. It does not include payments received for 
participation in federal farm programs nor does it include 
income from farm-related sources such as customwork 
and other agricultural services, or income from nonfarm 
sources. 

The value of crops sold in 1987 does not necessarily 
represent the sales from crops harvested in 1987. Data 
may include sales from crops produced in earlier years and 
exclude some crops produced in 1 987, but held in storage 
and not sold. For commodities, such as sugar beets and 
wool, sold through a co-op which made payments in 
several installments, respondents were requested to report 
the total value received in 1 987. 

The value of agricultural products sold was requested of 
all operators. If the operator failed to report this informa- 
tion, estimates were made based on the amount of crops 
harvested, livestock or poultry inventory or number sold. 
Extensive estimation was required for operators growing 
crops or livestock under contract. 



Caution should be used when comparing sales in 1987 
with sales reported in earlier censuses. Sales figures are 
expressed in current dollars and have not been adjusted 
for inflation or deflation. 

Government payments— This category is limited to 
direct cash or generic commodity certificate (PIK) pay- 
ments received by the farm operator in 1 987. It includes 
deficiency and diversion payments; wool payments; pay- 
ments from the Dairy Termination Program, the Conserva- 
tion Reserve Program, other conservation programs, and 
all other federal farm programs under which payments 
were made directly to farm operators. 

Other farm-related income— The 1987 report form 
included a new inquiry on income from farm-related sources. 
These data consist of gross income in 1987 before taxes 
and expenses from the sales of farm by-products and 
other sales and services closely related to the principal 
functions of the farm business. These data are for income 
producing activities that are primarily a by-product or 
supplemental to the farm operation. They exclude income 
from business activities that are separate from the farm 
business. 

Customwork and other agricultural services— This 
income includes gross receipts received by farm oper- 
ators for providing services for others such as planting, 
plowing, spraying, and harvesting. Income from cus- 
tomwork and other agricultural services is generally 
included in the agriculture census if it is closely related 
to the farming operation. However, it is excluded if it 
constitutes a separate business or is conducted from 
another location. 

Rental of farmland— This income includes gross cash 
rent or share payments received from renting out 
farmland; payments received from the lease or sale of 
allotments for crops such as tobacco; and payments 
received for livestock pastured on a per-head, per- 
month, or per-pound basis. It excludes rental income 
from nonfarm property. 

Sales of forest products— This income includes gross 
receipts from the sales of Christmas trees, standing 
timber, maple products, gum for naval stores, fire- 
wood, and other forest products from the farm busi- 
ness. It excludes income from nonfarm timber tracts 
and sawmill businesses. 

Other farm-related income sources— This income 
includes gross receipts from hunting leases, fishing 
fees, camping, other recreational services, patronage 
dividends of cooperatives, sales of farm by-products, 
and other sales and services closely related to the 
farm business. It excludes income from nonfarm busi- 
nesses. 

Commodity Credit Corporations loans— This cate- 
gory includes loans for corn, wheat, soybeans, sorghum, 
barley, oats, cotton, peanuts, rye, rice, tobacco, and honey. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-5 



Agricultural chemicals used, including fertilizer and 

lime— For each type of agricultural chemical, the acres 
treated were to be reported only once even if the acres 
were fertilized or limed more than once. If multipurpose 
chemicals were used, the acres treated for each purpose 
were to be reported. 

Fish and other aquacultural products— The raising of 
fish and other aquacultural products in captivity is included 
in the agriculture census. Production in salt water is 
considered not to be in captivity and is excluded from the 
census. 

Bees and honey— Bee and honey production was 
enumerated and tabulated in the county in which the home 
farm was located even though hives are often moved from 
farm to farm over a wide geographic area. 

Citrus enumeration— In the 1987 census, reports for 
selected citrus caretakers in Arizona, Florida, and Texas 
were obtained by direct enumeration. A citrus caretaker is 
an organization or person caring for or managing citrus 
groves for others. This special enumeration has been used 
in recent censuses because of the difficulty in identifying 
and enumerating absentee grove owners who often do not 
know the information that is needed to adequately com- 
plete the census report. Each citrus caretaker was enu- 
merated as a farm operator and requested to complete 
one report form for all groves cared for and to furnish a list 
of grove owners' names, addresses, and acres of citrus. 
The names on the lists were matched to completed grove 
owners' report forms to eliminate duplication. The care- 
taker also was requested to inform the grove owner that he 
had already reported for the citrus under his care and that 
the grove owner was not to report the citrus again. In the 
1 987 census, 7 caretakers in Arizona reported 1 75 grove 
owners having 1 2,000 acres of citrus; the 65 caretakers in 
Florida reported 3,000 grove owners having 1 70,000 acres 
of citrus; and 20 caretakers in Texas reported 800 grove 
owners having 14,500 acres of citrus. 

Crop year or season covered— Acres and quantity 
harvested are for the calendar year 1 987 except for citrus 
fruits, avocados, olives; vegetables in Florida; sugarcane in 
Florida and Texas; and pineapples and coffee in Hawaii. 

Citrus fruits— The data for Florida relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1986 through July 1987 
harvest season, except limes that were harvested in 
the April 1987 through March 1988 harvest season. 
The data for Texas relate to the quantity harvested in 
the September 1 986 through May 1 987 harvest sea- 
son. The data for States, other than Florida and Texas, 
relate to the quantity harvested in the 1986-87 harvest 
season. 

Avocados— The data for California relate to the quan- 
tity harvested in the November 1986 through Novem- 
ber 1 987 harvest season and for Florida the April 1 987 
through March 1988 harvest season. 



Olives— The data for California relate to the quantity 
harvested in the September 1 986 through March 1987 
harvest season. 

Vegetables— The data for Florida relate to the crop 
harvested in the September 1986 through August 
1 987 harvest season. 

Sugarcane for sugar— The data for Florida relate to 
the cuttings from November 1986 through April 1987, 
and for Texas the cuttings from October 1986 through 
April 1987. 

Pineapples— The data for Hawaii relate to the quantity 
harvested in the year ending May 31, 1987. 

Coffee— The data for Hawaii relate to the 1 986-87 crop. 



Acres and quantity harvested— Crops were reported 
in whole acres, except for the following crops which were 
reported in lOths of acres: Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 
tobacco, fruit and nut crops including land in orchards, 
berries, vegetables, and nursery and greenhouse crops; 
and in Hawaii, taro, ginger root, and lotus root. Totals for 
crops reported in lOths of acres were rounded to whole 
acres at the aggregate level during the tabulation process. 

If two or more crops were harvested from the same land 
during the year, the acres would be counted for each crop. 
Therefore, the total acres of all crops harvested generally 
exceeds the acres of cropland harvested. An exception to 
this procedure is hay crops. When more than one cutting of 
hay was taken from the same acres, the acres are counted 
only once but the quantity harvested includes all cuttings. 
However, hay cut for both dry hay and green chop or silage 
would be reported for each applicable crop. For inter- 
planted crops or "skip-row" crops, acres were to be 
reported according to the portion of the field occupied by 
each crop. 

If a crop was planted but not harvested, the acres were 
not to be reported as harvested. These acres were to be 
reported in the "land use" section under the appropriate 
cropland items— cropland used only for pasture or grazing, 
cropland used for cover crops, cropland on which all crops 
failed, or cropland idle. 

Corn and sorghum hogged or grazed were to be reported 
as "cropland harvested" and not as "cropland used only 
for pasture or grazing." Crop residue left in fields and later 
hogged or grazed was not reported as cropland pasture. 

Quantity harvested was not obtained for crops such as 
vegetables; nursery and greenhouse crops; corn cut for 
dry fodder, hogged or grazed; and sorghum, hogged or 
grazed. 

Acres of land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, 
citrus or other groves, vineyards, and nut trees were to be 
reported as harvested cropland regardless of whether the 
crop was harvested or failed. However, abandoned orchards 
were to be reported as cropland idle, not as harvested 
cropland and the individual abandoned orchard crop acres 
were not to be reported. 



A-6 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Land in orchards— This category includes land in 
bearing and nonbearing fruit trees, citrus or other groves, 
vineyards, and nut trees of all ages, including land on 
which all fruit crops failed. Respondents were instructed 
not to report abandoned plantings and plantings of less 
than 20 total fruit, citrus, or nut trees, or grapevines. 

Crop units of measure— The regional report forms 
allowed the operator to report the quantity of field crops 
harvested in a unit of measure commonly used in the 
region. When the operator reported in a unit of measure 
different than the unit of measure published, the quantity 
harvested was converted to the published unit of measure. 

Grapes could be reported in dry weight or fresh weight; 
plums and prunes in fresh weight, or prunes in dry weight; 
and in Hawaii, coffee in pounds parchment or pounds 
cherry, and macadamia nuts in pounds husked, unshelled 
or pounds shelled. For other fruit and nut crops and citrus, 
the operator was given a choice of units of measure of 
pounds, tons, or boxes. The quantity harvested for these 
crops is published in pounds. 



Data are based on a sample of farms— For 1987, 
1982, and 1978, selected data were collected from only a 
sample of farms. These data are subject to sampling error. 
For 1 987, the six-page sample form was mailed to all large 
and specialized farms (based on expected sales, acres, or 
standard industrial classification), all farms in Alaska and 
Hawaii, and approximately 17 percent of all other farms. 
Sample sections 23 through 28 of the 1987 census forms 
included inquiries on production expenses, commercial 
fertilizer and lime, chemicals, machinery and equipment, 
value of land and buildings, and income from farm-related 
sources. Estimates of the reliability of county totals for 
selected items are shown in table F of appendix C. 

Operators of Spanish origin— No imputation was made 
for those not responding to the question on Spanish origin. 

Farms operated by Black and other races— This 
category includes Blacks, American Indians, Asian and 
Pacific Islanders, and all other racial groups other than 
White. 



Write-in crops— To reduce the length of the report 
form, only the major crops for the region were prelisted. 
For other crops, the respondent was requested to look at 
a list of crops in each section and write in the crop name 
and its code. For crops that had no individual code listed 
on the report form, the respondent was to write in the crop 
name and code the crop into the appropriate "all other" 
category for that section. Write-in crops coded as "all 
other" were reviewed and assigned a specific code when 
possible. Crops not assigned a specific code were left in 
the appropriate "all other" category. 

In some cases, the reviewers were unable to determine 
the specific crop reported by the respondent because of 
incomplete or generalized crop names. To ensure proper 
coding, most of these respondents were telephoned. 
Reports for those not telephoned were changed on the 
basis of other reports for the area. 



All other races— This category is primarily limited to 
persons native to or of ancestry from Mexico, the Carib- 
bean, and Central and South America. 

Total sales— This item represents the gross market 
value of all agricultural products sold before taxes and 
expenses in the census year including livestock, poultry, 
and their products; and crops, including nursery crops and 
hay. Respondents were asked to include landlords' and 
contractors' shares. The value of commodities placed in 
CCC loans are included as sold. In 1987, all farms includ- 
ing abnormal farms were tabulated by size based on 
reported sales. In 1982 and 1978, abnormal farms were 
included in the total sales figure, but excluded from the 
detailed size breakdowns. Abnormal farms include institu- 
tional farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian 
reservations. 



Misreported or miscoded crops— In a few instances, 
tabulated data may be inaccurate because respondents 
misunderstood or misinterpreted questions on the report 
form. Data may have been reported on the wrong line or in 
the wrong section, or the wrong crop code may have been 
placed beside the name of a write-in crop. Some of these 
errors as well as some keying errors may not have been 
identified during processing and therefore, were not cor- 
rected. Reports with significant acres of unusual crops for 
the area were examined to minimize the possibility that 
they were in error. 

"See text" References 

Items in the tables which carry the note "See text" are 
explained or defined in this section. 



Farms with sales of less than $1,000— This category 
includes all farms with actual sales of less than $1 ,000, but 
having the production potential for sales of $1,000 or 
more. These farms normally could be expected to sell 
$1 ,000 or more of agricultural products. 

Net cash return from agricultural sales for the farm 
unit — This category is derived by subtracting total operat- 
ing expenditures from the gross market value of agricul- 
tural products sold. Depreciation and the change in inven- 
tory values are excluded from expenditures. Production 
expenditures may be understated on part owner and 
tenant farms because property taxes paid by landlords are 
excluded. Other landlord expenditures, such as insurance 
or rent paid, which are not readily known to renters may 
also be omitted or understated. Gross sales include sales 
by the operator as well as the share of sales received by 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX A A-7 



partners, landlords, and contractors. Consequently, the 
net cash return is that of the farm unit rather than the net 
farm income of the operator. 

Other livestock and livestock products— This cate- 
gory includes all livestock and livestock products not listed 
separately. 

Value of livestock and poultry on farms— Data for 

the value of livestock and poultry on farms were obtained 
by multiplying the inventory of each major age and sex 
group by State average prices. The State average prices 
for cattle, hogs, sheep, Angora goats, hens and pullets of 
laying age, and turkeys were obtained primarily from data 
published by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, 
USDA. Prices applied to other livestock and poultry were 
census-derived averages based primarily on reported value 
of sales in the census. 

Poultry hatched— This category includes all poultry 
hatched on the place during the year and placed or sold. 
Incubator egg capacity on December 31, 1987, is tabu- 
lated under the column heading "Inventory" and the 
number of poultry hatched and placed or sold is under the 
heading "Sales." 

Hay— alfalfa, other tame, small grain, wild, grass 
silage, green chop, etc.— Data shown for hay represent 
all hay crops, including grass silage, haylage, and hay 
crops cut and fed green (green chop). In production data, 
dry tons represent dry tonnage for the various hay cate- 
gories and dry weight equivalents for grass silage and hay 
cut and fed green. The conversion used was 3 tons of 
green weight to 1 ton of dry weight. 

Tame hay other than alfalfa, small grain, and wild 

hay— Data shown represent dry tons of hay harvested 
from clover, lespedeza, timothy, Bermuda grass, Sudan 
grass, and other types of legume and tame grasses. 

Grapes— Farm operators were given the option of 
reporting the quantity of grapes harvested in dry weight or 
fresh weight. For publication purposes, all quantities of 
grapes harvested have been converted to pounds of fresh 
weight. The conversion used was 4 pounds fresh weight to 
1 pound dry weight. 

Plums and prunes— Farm operators were given the 
option of reporting the quantity of plums and prunes 
harvested in dry weight or fresh weight. For publication 
purposes, all quantities of plums and prunes harvested 
have been converted to pounds of fresh weight. The 
conversion used was 3 pounds fresh weight to 1 pound dry 
weight. 

Cherries— For 1987, cherries were reported as "sweet 
cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries" depending on the 
regional form the respondent completed. On regional 



forms for States where cherries are an important fruit crop, 
"sweet cherries" and "tart cherries" were listed sepa- 
rately. On the other regional forms, either "cherries" were 
listed or could be written in. For publication purposes, 
"cherries, total" could be shown along with the individual 
breakdown of "sweet cherries," "tart cherries," or "cherries, 
not specified." "Cherries, not specified" is used to account 
for cherries where the "sweet" and "tart" breakdown was 
not asked or where respondents wrote in "cherries" but 
did not specify or code the kind of cherry. All the individual 
cherry items may not be shown. Data for "sweet cherries," 
"tart cherries," and "cherries, not specified" are not 
available for 1982. 

Other fruits and nuts— Data shown for other fruits and 
nuts relate to any fruits and nuts not having a specific code 
on the 1 987 report form. 

Land used for vegetables— Data are for the total land 
used for vegetable crops. The acres are reported only 
once, even though two or more harvests of a vegetable or 
more than one vegetable were harvested from the same 
acres. 

Vegetables harvested for sale— The acres of vegeta- 
bles harvested is the summation of the acres of individual 
vegetables harvested. All of the individual vegetable items 
may not be shown. 

Nursery and greenhouse crops grown for sale— These 
data are a summation of the individual items reported. All 
of the individual items may not be shown. 

Nursery, floriculture, vegetable and flower seed 
crops, sod, etc., grown in the open, irrigated— Data 

refer to farms reporting irrigated nursery, floriculture, veg- 
etable and flower seeds, sod, bedding plants, etc., grown 
in the open. 

Other grains— These data are for the total market 
value of other grains sold including dry edible beans, dry 
lima beans, buckwheat, dry southern peas (cowpeas), 
emmer and spelt, flaxseed, mixed grains, lentils, mustard 
seed, dry edible peas, popcorn, proso millet, rice, rye for 
grain, safflower, sunflower seed, triticale, and wild rice. 

Value of crop production— This item represents the 
estimated value of all crops harvested during the 1987 
crop year. Data for the value of crops harvested were 
obtained by multiplying the average estimated value per 
unit by the reported acres or quantity harvested. Generally, 
harvested units of production (pounds, bushels, bales, 
etc.) were multiplied by State estimates of prices per unit. 
If only acres harvested were reported, State estimates for 
value of production per acre were used. The State average 
production price and production value per acre used in 
these calculations were obtained usually from publications 
of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. When 



A-8 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



USDA estimates were not available, Bureau of the Census 
statisticians made estimates using available sources such 
as data from adjacent States, respondent report forms, 
county extension agents, and other persons knowledge- 
able about specific crops. 



Part owners, who operate land they own and also land 
they rent from others. 

Tenants, who operate only land they rent from others or 
work on shares for others. 



FARMS CLASSIFIED BY SPECIFIED 
CHARACTERISTICS 

State tables 48 through 53 present detailed 1987 data 
for all farms classified by specified characteristics— tenure 
of operator, type of organization, age and principal occu- 
pation of operator, size of farm (acres), value of agricultural 
products sold, and standard industrial classification. Other 
tables include data classified by value of sales groups or 
other characteristics of the farm or the operator. 

Farms by value of agricultural products sold or 
value of sales— In 1 987, all farms were tabulated by size 
based on reported sales. In 1982 and earlier censuses, 
abnormal farms were not tabulated based on sales size. In 
the tables on market value of agricultural products sold, 
the sales of abnormal farms in 1 982 and earlier censuses 
were included in the total sales figure, but excluded from 
the detailed size categories. Abnormal farms included 
institutional farms, experimental and research farms, and 
Indian reservations. The category "farms with sales of less 
than $1,000" included all farms with actual sales of less 
than $1 ,000 but having the production potential for sales of 
$1,000 or more. These farms normally could be expected 
to sell $1,000 or more of agricultural products. 

The sales size categories used in this report are con- 
sistent with the standard business size categories issued 
by Office of Management and Budget (0MB) in 1982. In 
State table 52, data are presented for four sales size 
categories between $10,000 and $49,999. This provides 
users with bridge data under both the 0MB and the 1978 
census classifications. For the 1 992 census, data will be 
presented only for the 0MB sales size categories of 
$10,000 to $24,999 and $25,000 to $49,999. 

Abnormal farms— This category includes institutional 
farms, experimental and research farms, and Indian reser- 
vations. Institutional farms include those operated by hos- 
pitals, penitentiaries, churches, schools, grazing associa- 
tions, and government agencies. In 1987 and 1982, 
nongovernmental units such as church farms and Future 
Farmers of America camps were classified as abnormal 
farms only when 50 percent or more of their products 
produced and intended for human consumption were 
utilized by the organization. 



Farms by type of organization- All farms were clas- 
sified by type of organization in the 1987 census. The 
classifications used were: 

Individual or family (sole proprietorship), excluding 
partnership and corporation. 

Partnership, including family partnership. 

Corporation, including family corporation. 

Other, cooperative, estate or trust, institutional, etc. 

Corporations were subclassified by two additional char- 
acteristics into: 

1 . Family held 

Other than family held 

2. More than 1 stockholders 
1 or less stockholders 

Farms by age and principal occupation of opera- 
tor—Data on age and principal occupation were requested 
from all operators in 1987. The principal occupation clas- 
sifications used were: 

Farming— The operator spent 50 percent or more of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in farming or ranching. 

Other— The operator spent more than 50 percent of 
his/her worktime in 1987 in occupations other than 
farming or ranching. 

Farms by size— All farms were classified into selected 
size groups according to the total land area in the farm. 
The land area of a farm is an operating unit concept and 
includes land owned and operated as well as land rented 
from others. Land rented to or assigned to a tenant was 
considered the tenant's farm and not the owner's. 

Farms by standard industrial classification— In 1 987, 
all agricultural production establishments (farms, ranches, 
nurseries, greenhouses, etc.) were classified by type of 
activity using the standard industrial classification (SIC) 
system. These classifications, found in the 1987 SIC 
ManuaM, are used to promote uniformity and comparability 
in the presentation of statistical data collected by various 
agencies. 



Farms by tenure of operator— The classifications of 
tenure used in the 1987 census were: 

Full owners, who operate only land they own. 
1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



^Standard Industrial Classification Manual: 1987. For sale by 
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash- 
ington, DC 20402. Stock No, 041-001-003-14-2. 

APPENDIX A A-9 



An establishment primarily engaged in crop production 
(major group 01) or production of livestock and animal 
specialties (major group 02) is classified in the four-digit 
industry and three-digit industry group which accounts for 
50 percent or more of the total value of sales of its 
agricultural products. If the total value of sales of agricul- 
tural products of an establishment is less than 50 percent 
from a single four-digit industry, but 50 percent or more 
from the products of two or more four-digit industries within 
the same three-digit industry group, the establishment is 
classified in the miscellaneous industry of that industry 
group. Othenwise, it is classified as a general crop farm in 
industry 0191 or a general livestock farm in industry 0291. 
Establishments that derive 50 percent or more of the value 
of sales from horticultural specialties of industry group 018 
are classified in industry 0181 or 0182 according to their 
primary activity. 

Characteristics of all farms by selected SIC groupings 
are shown in State tables 18 and 53. The SIC groupings 
shown in State table 53, together with the associated 
products (value of sales representing 50 percent or more 
of the value of agricultural products sold during the year) 
on which the classification is based, are as follows: 

Cash grains (Oil)— Wheat, rice, corn, soybeans, bar- 
ley, buckwheat, cowpeas, dry field and seed beans 
and peas, flaxseed, lentils, milo, mustard seed, oats, 
popcorn, rye, safflower, sorghum, sunflowers, and 
other small grains. 

Cotton (0131)— Cotton and cottonseed. 

Tobacco (0132)— Tobacco. 

Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, hay, pea- 
nuts, and other field crops (0133, 0134, 
0139)— Sugarcane, sugar beets, Irish potatoes, alfalfa, 
broomcorn, clover, grass seed, hay, hops, mint, pea- 
nuts, sweetpotatoes, timothy, and yams. 

Vegetables and melons (016)— Vegetables and mel- 
ons grown in the open. 



Fruits and tree nuts (017)— Berries, grapes, tree nuts, 
citrus fruits, deciduous tree fruits, avocados, bananas, 
coffee, dates, figs, olives, pineapples, and tropical fruit. 

Horticultural specialties (018)— Bedding plants, bulbs, | 
florists' greens, flower and vegetable seeds, flowers, | 
foliage, fruit stocks, nursery stock, ornamental plants, 
shrubberies, sod, mushrooms, and vegetables grown 
under cover. 

General farms, primarily crops (019)— Crops, includ- 
ing horticultural specialties, but less than 50 percent of 
sales from any single three-digit industry group. 

Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal special- 
ties (021)— Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, goat's 
milk, mohair, and wool. 

Beef cattle, except feedlots (0212)— Production or 
feeding of beef cattle, except feedlots. 

Dairy farms (024)— Production of cows' milk and other 
dairy products and raising of dairy heifer replacements. 

Poultry and eggs (025)— Chickens, chicken eggs, tur- 
keys, ducks, geese, pheasants, pigeons, quail, and 
squab. 

Animal specialties (027)— Fur-bearing animals, rab- 
bits, horses, ponies, bees, fish in captivity except fish 
hatcheries, worms, and laboratory animals. 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal spe- 
cialties (029) — Livestock and animal specialties and 
their products, but less than 50 percent of sales from 
any single three-digit industry group. 

The SIC manual was revised for 1 987. Animal aquacul- 
ture (0273) was established as a new industry and horti- 
cultural specialties, not elsewhere classified (0189) was 
deleted. 



A-10 APPENDIX A 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B. 
Places With All Cropland in the Conservation Reserve 

Program 



The Food Security Act of 1985 established the 
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). This program 
provides annual payments for highly erodible cropland 
enrolled in the program and meeting its conservation 
requirements. It also requires that the land be taken out 
of agricultural production for 10 years. 

The 1 987 Census of Agriculture includes Conservation 
Reserve acreage as land in farms on operations that 
meet the census farm definition. For census purposes, 
a farm is any place from which agricultural products of 
$1,000 or more were produced and sold or normally 
would have been sold during the census year. 
Operations which placed all of their cropland in the CRP 
and did not otherwise meet the farm definition based 
upon sales, livestock inventories, planted crops, or other 
criteria for potential sales were not included as farms in 
the census tabulations. 



The following table provides CRP data for places not 
meeting the census farm definition ("whole farm" CRP 
places). It also contains separate but corresponding 
CRP data for farms included in the census tabulations. 
In addition to State data, detailed county data are 
presented for counties with three or more"whole farm" 
CRP places reported. For counties with less than three 
"whole farm" CRP places reported, their data are 
combined and reported in "all other counties." 

The data for "whole farm" CRP places are not 
complete for all counties. The census mail list was 
developed from sources which indicated the farm had 
agricultural production activity. It was not designed to 
cover all "whole farm" CRP places. Therefore, the data 
for these places are limited to what was reported in the 
census and have not been adjusted to account for 
nonresponse, incomplete coverage, and reporting errors. 



Land in Conservation Reserve Program: 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 










Geographic area 


Agricultural places excluded by farm definition with acres 


Farms with acres in the CRP 


Number 


Landinp,a;:es 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 


Number 


Land in farms 
(acres) 


Land in CRP 
(acres) 




1 


35 


23 


- 


- 









1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX B B-1 



APPENDIX C. 
Statistical Methodology 



Page CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN 



MAIL LIST MODEL C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLE DESIGN C-1 

CENSUS ESTIMATION C-1 

CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR C-3 

CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR C-5 

EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 

NONRESPONSE C-6 

TABLES: 

A. PERCENT OF STATE TOTALS CONTRIBUTED BY 
WHOLE FARM NONRESPONSE ESTIMATION: 1987 

B. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A COMPLETE COUNT ITEM: 
1987 

C. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES FOR NUMBER OF FARMS IN 
A COUNTY REPORTING A SAMPLE ITEM: 1987 

D. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF STATE TOTALS: 1987 

E. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF PERCENT CHANGE IN 
STATE TOTALS: 1982 TO 1987 

F. RELIABILITY ESTIMATES OF COUNTY TOTALS: 1987 

G. NEW ENGLAND STATES COVERAGE EVALUATION 
ESTIMATES OF FARMS NOT ON THE MAIL LIST: 1987 



MAIL LIST MODEL 

A statistical discriminant model was developed to pre- 
dict the probability that a mail list addressee operated a 
farm. The model was used to identify the 4.1 million 
records from the preliminary census mail list of 6.0 million 
records that would receive a census of agriculture report 
form. Records from the 1 982 census mail list were used to 
build the model. Record characteristics such as the source 
of the mail list record (see appendix A for a description of 
record sources), number of source lists on which the 
record appeared, expected value of agricultural sales, and 
geographic location were used to separate mail list records 
into model groups. The proportion of 1982 census farm 
records in each group was calculated to provide an 
estimate of the probability that an addressee in the group 
operated a farm. 

Using these same group definitions, the 1987 census 
mail list records were separated into groups, each with an 
associated estimate of farm probability from the model. 
The 4.1 million mail list records in groups with the largest 
estimate of farm probability were selected to receive the 
census report form. A large percentage of the 1 .9 million 
records that were dropped from the 6.0 million preliminary 
census mail list were nonfarm records from the previous 
census. This procedure was used to obtain a more com- 
plete census enumeration without excessive respondent 
burden and data collection cost. 



Each of the 4.1 million name and address records on 
the census mail list was designated to receive one of three 
different types of census report forms. The three forms 
were the nonsample census form (a four-page form), the 
sample form (a six-page form), and the short form (a 
two-page form). Sections 1 through 22 of the sample form 
were identical to sections on the nonsample census form. 
However, the sample form contained additional sections 
on farm production expenditures, usage of fertilizers and 
insecticides, value of machinery and equipment, value of 
land and buildings, and farm-related income. The short 
form contained abbreviated versions of the sections on the 
nonsample census form. These three different forms were 
used to reduce the response burden of the census, while 
providing quality information on a large number of data 
items at the county level. 

The sample form was mailed to all mail list records in 
Alaska and Hawaii and to a sample of records in other 
States identified when the mail list was constructed. Addresses 
were selected into the sample with certainty if they were 
expected to have large total values of agricultural products 
sold or large acreage, if they were firms with two or more 
farms, or if they had other special characteristics. When a 
nonsample large farm was identified during processing, a 
supplemental form that contained the additional data 
inquiries was mailed. All farms in counties with less than 
100 farms in 1982 were included in the sample with 
certainty; counties containing 100 to 199 farms in 1982 
were systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 2; and 
counties containing 200 or more farms in 1982 were 
systematically sampled at a rate of 1 in 6. This differential 
sample scheme was used to provide reliable data for 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form for all counties. 

To determine which mail list records would receive the 
short form, all mail list records not designated for the 
sample were sorted into model groups according to farm 
probability as specified by the mail list model. The 906,000 
mail list records in the model groups with the lowest 
probability of being farms and with an expected total value 
of agricultural product sales less than $20,000 were des- 
ignated to receive the short form. The remaining mail list 
records were selected to receive the nonsample census 
form. 

CENSUS ESTIMATION 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture used two types of 
statistical estimation procedures. These estimation 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-1 



procedures accounted both for nonresponse to the data 
collection and for the sample data collection. These pro- 
cedures are used because some farm operators never 
respond to the census despite numerous attempts to 
contact them, and not all farm operators are requested to 
provide the sample data items. 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation 

A statistical estimation procedure was used to account 
for the census farms among mail list nonrespondents that 
were not designated for telephone followup. A stratified 
systematic sample of eligible census nonrespondents were 
mailed a simplified report form. Five sample strata were 
defined based on form type, expected value of sales, and 
previous census status. The report form was designed to 
provide sufficient information to determine farm status. 
Additional mail and telephone contacts were made to 
survey nonrespondents to obtain sufficient response for 
survey estimates. 

Estimates of the proportion of census nonrespondents 
that operated farms were made for each stratum in the 
State using survey results and applied to the total number 
of census nonrespondents in that stratum. A synthetic 
estimation procedure was used to estimate the number of 
census nonrespondents that operated farms for each 
county by stratum. This estimation procedure is based on 
the assumption that the distribution of farms in a stratum 
by county is the same for census nonrespondents as for 
census respondents. 

Within each stratum in a county, a noninteger nonre- 
sponse weight was calculated and assigned to each 
eligible respondent farm record. The procedure used for 
calculating the nonresponse weight assumed the eligible 
census respondents and the nonrespondent farm opera- 
tions in a county had similar characteristics within each 
stratum. The noninteger nonresponse weight was the ratio 
of the sum of the estimated number of nonrespondent 
farms (using nonresponse survey results) and the number 
of eligible census respondent farms to the number of 
eligible census respondent farms. Stratum controls were 
established to ensure that this weight was never greater 
than 2.0. The noninteger nonresponse weight was used in 
the estimation of the final weight for the sample items. It 
was randomly rounded to an integer weight of either 1 or 2 
for each record for tabulating the complete count items. 

The procedure assumed that we obtain complete response 
from large and unique farm operations because these 
cases received intensive telephone followup during cen- 
sus processing. In situations where addressees could not 
be contacted by telephone or refused to cooperate, sec- 
ondary sources such as Agricultural Stabilization and 
Conservation Service offices or county extension agents 
were asked to provide information as to whether or not the 
addressee had agricultural activities. Data from previous 
census reports for the specific addressee, in conjunction 
with other information, were used to complete the census 
report form. 



Table A quantifies the effect of the nonresponse esti- 
mation procedure on selected census data items. The 
percentage of the census value contributed by nonre- 
sponse estimation as provided in this table indicates the 
potential for bias in published figures resulting from this 
procedure. The estimates provided in these tables do not 
reflect the effect of nonresponse to individual data items 
on respondents' census report forms. The effect of this 
item nonresponse is discussed further under Census Non- 
sampling Error. 



Table A. Percent of State Totals Contributed by 

Whole Farm Nonresponse Estimation: 1987 



Item 



Farms number- 
Land In farms acres- 
Value of land and buildings $1 ,000- 

Market value of agricultural products sold --$1,000- 
Harvested cropland acres- 
Corn for grain or seed acres- 
Wheat for grain acres- 
Livestock and poultry inventory: 
Cattle and calves number- 
Hogs and pigs number- 
Hens and pullets of laying age number- 



Percent of total 



15.4 
12.4 
9.8 
2.9 
9.6 
4.0 



Sample Estimation 



All respondent sample records received a sample weight 
The sample data estimates the actual figures that would 
have resulted from a complete census of the items in 
sections 23 through 28 of the report form. The estimates 
were obtained from an iterative ratio estimation procedure 
that resulted in the assignment of a weight to each record 
containing sample items. For any given county, a sample 
item total was estimated by multiplying the data items for 
each farm in the county by the corresponding sample 
weight and summing overall sample records in the county. 

Each sample farm was assigned one sample weight to 
be used to produce estimates for all sample items. For 
example, if the weight given to a sample farm had the 
value 5, all sample data items reported by that farm would 
be multiplied by 5. The weight assigned a certainty farm 
was 1 . The estimation procedure used to assign weights 
was performed for each county. 

Within a county, the ratio estimation procedure for farms 
was performed in three steps using three variables. The 
first variable contained eight 1 987 total value of agricultural 
production (TVP) groups. Both the second and third 
variables. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code and 
farm acreage, contained two groups. The variable groups 
were as follows: 



C-2 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



TVP 



SIC 



Acres 



$1 to $999 


01 All crops 


0to69 


$1,000 to $2,499 


02 All live- 
stock 


70 or more 



$2,500 to $ 4,999 
$5,000 to $ 9,999 
$10,000 to $24,999 
$25,000 to $49,999 
$50,000 to $99,999 
$100,000 or more 

The first step in the estimation procedure was to parti- 
tion the sample records into 32 mutually exclusive initial 
post strata formed by combining the three variable groups. 
This produced a three dimensional array where the cells of 
the array corresponded to the initial post strata groups. 
Each sample farm record was assigned an initial weight 
equal to the ratio of the total farm count to the sample farm 
count, expanded for nonresponse estimation, for the cell 
containing the sample farm. This weight was approxi- 
mately equal to the inverse of the probability of selecting a 
farm for the census sample. 

The second step in the estimation procedure was to 
combine, if necessary, the cells of the array (prior to the 
repeated ratio estimation) to increase the reliability of the 
ratio estimation procedure. Any cell within the array that 
either contained less than 10 sample farms or had a ratio 
of total farms to sample farms that was more than 2 times 
the mail sample rate was collapsed with another cell (in the 
same variable) according to a specified collapsing pattern. 
New total farm counts and sample farm counts were 
computed for each of the collapsed cells (final post strata) 
and were used in the ratio estimation procedure to calcu- 
late final sample weights. 

In the third step in the ratio estimation procedure, 
complete counts for the three variables (TVP, SIC, acre- 
age) were used to compute the marginals of the array 
defined by the final post strata. Factors were then applied 
to expanded sample totals in each cell of the array to 
obtain agreement with the row marginal (TVP) complete 
counts. The sample totals then had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the column marginal (SIC) complete 
counts. Lastly, the sample totals had factors applied to 
obtain agreement with the depth marginal (acreage) com- 
plete counts. This procedure that requires the row totals, 
then the column totals, and then the depth totals to agree 
with the complete counts for the rows, columns, and 
depths, respectively, is continued iteratively until the pro- 
cess converges (the marginal totals agree with the com- 
plete count totals). 

The ratio of the adjusted total farm count to the sample 
farm count obtained from the second iteration of the 
estimation procedure was the noninteger final post stratum 
sample weight assigned to the sample farm records in that 
post stratum. The noninteger sample weight, the product 
of the noninteger final post stratum sample weight and the 
nonresponse weight, was randomly rounded to an integer 
weight for tabulation. If, for example, the final weight for the 



farms in a particular group was 7.2, then one-fifth of the 
sample farms in this group were randomly assigned a 
weight of 8 and the remaining four-fifths received a weight 
of 7. 



CENSUS SAMPLING ERROR 

Sampling error in the census data results from the 
nonresponse sample and the census sample data collec- 
tion. Census items were classified as either complete 
count or sample data items. The complete count items 
were asked of all farm operators. The complete count data 
items included land in farms, harvested cropland, livestock 
inventory and sales, crop acreages, quantities harvested 
and crop sales, land use, irrigation, government loans and 
payments, conservation acreage, type of organization, and 
operator characteristics (sections 1 through 22 of the 
census report form). Variability in the complete count data 
items is considerably smaller than in the sample items as 
the variation is due only to the nonresponse sample 
estimation procedure. The sample items were asked of 
approximately 25 percent of the total census farm opera- 
tors. The sample data items included farm production 
expenditures, fertilizer and chemical usage, farm machin- 
ery and equipment, value of land and buildings, and 
farm-related income (sections 23 through 28 of the census 
report form). Variability in the estimates of sample items is 
due both to the census sample selection and estimation 
procedure and the nonresponse sample estimation proce- 
dure. 

The sample for the 1 987 Census of Agriculture is one of 
a large number of possible samples of the same size that 
could have been selected using the same sample design. 
Estimates derived from the different samples would differ 
from each other. The difference between a sample esti- 
mate and the average of all possible sample estimates is 
called the sampling deviation. The standard error or sam- 
pling error of a survey estimate is a measure of the 
variation among the estimates from all possible samples, 
and thus is a measure of the precision with which an 
estimate from a particular sample approximates the aver- 
age result of all possible samples. The percent relative 
standard error of estimate is defined as the standard error 
of the estimate divided by the value being estimated 
multiplied by 100. If all possible samples were selected, 
each of the samples were surveyed under essentially the 
same conditions, and an estimate and its standard error 
were calculated from each sample, then: 

1 . Approximately 67 percent of the intervals from one 
standard error below the estimate to one standard 
error above the estimate would include the average 
value of all possible samples. 

2. Approximately 90 percent of the intervals from 1 .65 
standard errors below the estimate to 1 .65 standard 
errors above the estimate would include the aver- 
age value of all possible samples. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-3 



The computations involved to define the above confi- 
dence statements are illustrated in the following example. 
Assume that the estimate of number of farms for the State 
is 94,382 and the relative standard error of the estimate 
(percent) is .1 percent (0.001). Multiplying 94,382 by 0.001 
yields 94, the standard error. Therefore, a 67-percent 
confidence interval is 94,288 to 94,476 (i.e., 94,382 plus or 
minus 94). If corresponding confidence intervals were 
constructed for all possible samples of the same size and 
design, approximately 2 out of 3 (67 percent) of these 
intervals would contain the figure obtained from a com- 
plete enumeration. Similarly, a 90 percent confidence 
interval is 94,227 to 94,538 (i.e., 94,382 plus or minus 1.65 
x94). 

Tables B and C provide the reliability estimates of the 
estimated number of farms in a county reporting complete 
count and sample items, respectively. Both tables show 
the percent relative standard errors for selected estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting an item.These are 
derived from a regression equation. The parameters of the 
regression equation were estimated using the estimated 
number of farms in a county reporting the complete count 
or sample item as the independent variable and the 
standard error of that estimate as the dependent variable 
for all counties in the State. 



Table B. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Complete Count Item: 
1987 



Number of farms reporting; 

25 

50 

75 

100 

150 

200 



500--- 
750--- 
1,000- 
1 ,500 ■ 
2,000 ■ 



error of estimate 
(percent) 



17.2 
16.4 
14.1 
12.6 
10.8 
9.7 
8.3 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



Note: Complete count items are items in sections 1 to 22 of the report 
form. 



To Illustrate the use of these tables, assume that the 
estimate of the number of farms reporting hogs and pigs 
for a particular county, as given in county table 12, is 89. 
Since hogs and pigs is a complete count data item, refer to 
table B and select the estimated relative standard error of 
the estimate from the row whose value is equal to or just 
less than the estimated number of farms, 89. For this 
example, the relative standard error of the estimate comes 
from the row for 75 farms reporting. For sample data items, 
follow the same procedure using table C. In counties that 
had less than 100 farms in the 1982 Census of Agriculture, 
table C does not apply because the farms in these 



counties were sampled with certainty (1 in 1), and thus, the 
reliability estimates for the number of farms in these 
counties are smaller than for counties that were sampled 
at lower rates (1 in 2 or 1 in 6). 

Table C. Reliability Estimates for Number of Farms in 
a County Reporting a Sample Item: 1987 



Number of farms reporting: 

25 

50 

75 

100 

150 

200 

300 

500 

750 

1,000 

1,500 

2,000 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



43.3 
32.5 
27.6 
24.6 
21.1 
18.9 
16.3 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



Note: Sample items are items in sections 23 to 28 of the report form. 

Table D presents the relative standard error of selected 
State data items for all farms and for all farms with sales of 
$1 0,000 or more. The percent relative standard error of the 
estimate for complete count data measures the variation 
associated with the sample-based adjustment for whole 
farm nonresponse. The percent relative standard error of 
the estimate for sample items measures both the sampling 
error due to the nonresponse sample estimation procedure 
and the census sample selection and estimation proce- 
dure. The reliability of State estimates may vary substan- 
tially from State to State. Generally, State estimates for a 
given data item are less reliable than the corresponding 
U.S. estimate. 

Table E presents the standard error (not relative stand- 
ard error) for percent change in State totals from 1 982 to 
1987. The general purpose of the percent change estimate 
is to provide a relative measure of the difference in a 
characteristic between censuses. The relative change for 
a given characteristic is defined as the ratio of the differ- 
ence of the 1 987 and the 1 982 estimate for that charac- 
teristic to the 1 982 estimate. This ratio is multiplied by 1 00 
to obtain the percent change. The percent standard error 
of a percent change estimate, then, is the standard error of 
the ratio multiplied by 100. 

Table F presents the relative standard error for county 
totals for 10 major complete count items and 7 sample 
items. The relative standard error of the estimate (percent) 
for the same item differs among counties in a State. 
Reasons for this are differences among counties in (1) the 
total number of farms, (2) the number of large farms 
included with certainty, (3) the size classifications of the 
farms sampled, (4) the amount of nonresponse, (5) the 
general agricultural characteristics, and (6) the specific 
characteristic being measured. 



C-4 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



CENSUS NONSAMPLING ERROR 

The accuracy of the census counts are affected by the 
joint effects of the sampling errors described in the previ- 
ous section and nonsampling errors. Extensive efforts 
were made to compile a complete and accurate mail list for 
the census, to design an understandable report form and 
instructions, and to minimize processing errors through the 
use of quality control, verification, and check measures on 
specific operations. Nonsampling errors arise from incom- 
pleteness of the census mail list, duplication in the mail list, 
incorrect data reporting, errors in editing of reported data, 
and errors in imputation for missing data. These specific 
nonsampling errors are further discussed in this section. 
Evaluation studies will be conducted to measure the extent 
of certain nonsampling errors such as coverage error, 
classification error, and item imputation. 

Census Coverage 

The main objective of the census of agriculture is to 
obtain a complete and accurate enumeration of U.S. farms 
with accurate data on all aspects of the agricultural oper- 
ation. However, the cost and availability of resources for 
this enumeration place restrictions on operationally feasi- 
ble data collection methodologies. The past five agricul- 
ture censuses have been conducted by mail enumeration 
with telephone contact for selected nonrespondents. The 
completeness of such an enumeration thus depends to a 
large extent on the coverage of farm operations by the 
census mail list. 

Historically, the census of agriculture has included 
approximately 90 percent of the farms in the United States 
and over 96 percent of the agricultural production. Com- 
plete enumeration of agricultural operations satisfying the 
farm definition of $1,000 or more in agricultural sales is 
complicated by fluctuations in agricultural operations qual- 
ifying for enumeration, the variety of arrangements under 
which farms are operated, the multiplicity of names used 
by an operation, the number of operations in which an 
operator participates, the accuracy of data reporting, etc. A 
new mail list is compiled for each census because no 
current single list of agricultural operations is comprehen- 
sive. 

An evaluation of census coverage has been conducted 
for each census of agriculture since 1 945. The evaluation 
provides estimates of the completeness of census farm 
count and major census data items. In addition, the 
evaluation helps to identify problems in the census enu- 
meration and provide information that can form the basis 
for improvements. The results of the 1987 Coverage 
Evaluation program will be published in volume 2, part 2. 

The evaluation of coverage conducted in 1987 was 
designed to measure errors in the census mail list and in 
farm classification. Mail list error includes a measurement 
of farms not on the census mail list (undercount), and a 
measurement of farms enumerated more than once in the 



census (overcount). Classification error includes a mea- 
surement of farms classified as nonfarms in the census 
(undercount) and of nonfarms classified as farms in the 
census (overcount). Classification error arises from report- 
ing and processing errors. Mail list undercount dominates 
all coverage errors. Net coverage error is defined as the 
difference of undercounted and overcounted farms. Mea- 
surements of these errors, as well as a description of the 
complete coverage program, will be available in the Cov- 
erage Evaluation report. 

Mail List Coverage 

A major problem with the use of a mail list for the census 
of agriculture enumeration is the difficulties that are encoun- 
tered in compiling a complete list. The percentage of farms 
on the census mail list varies considerably by State. 
Several reasons have contributed to farm operators' names 
not being included on the census mail list— the operation 
may have been started after the mail list was developed, 
the operation may be so small as not to appear in 
agricultural related source lists used in compiling the 
census list, or the operation may have been falsely clas- 
sified as a nonfarm prior to mailout. A large proportion of 
the farms not included on the mail list were small in both 
acres and sales of agricultural products. 

The 1987 Census of Agriculture Coverage Evaluation 
used the area segment sample of the 1 987 June Enumer- 
ative Survey (JES) of the National Agricultural Statistical 
Service (NASS) to estimate farms not on the census mail 
list. The Census Bureau contracted with the NASS to 
augment the JES data collection and receive survey data 
under the confidentiality protection afforded by Title 13, 
U.S. Code, from all residents of area sample segments 
with agricultural activity. These survey records were matched 
to the census mail list. Records that did not match were 
mailed a census of agriculture report form to estimate mail 
list coverage. Estimates of farms not on the census mail 
list used the capture-recapture dual frame estimator that 
will be described in the Coverage Evaluation report. 

Table G provides coverage evaluation estimates of the 
number of farms not on the mail list and selected charac- 
teristics of those farms with their percent relative standard 
error. The table also provides an estimate of characteris- 
tics of farms not on the mail list as a percentage of total 
farms in the New England States. The estimate of total 
farms in the New England States is based on census farm 
count and the estimated number of farms not on the 
census mail list. This estimate of total farms in the New 
England States was not adjusted for classification and list 
duplication errors. Estimates of these errors will be made 
at the regional level and will be available in the Coverage 
Evaluation report. The table provides the standard error 
(not relative standard error) of this percent estimate. 

Respondent and Enumerator Error 

Incorrect or incomplete responses to the mailed census 
report form or to the questions posed by a telephone 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-5 



enumerator introduce error into the census data. Such 
incorrect information can lead, in some cases, to incorrect 
enumeration of farms. This type of reporting error is 
measured by the Classification Error Study discussed later 
in this section. To reduce all types of reporting error, 
questions were phrased as clearly as possible based on 
tests of the census report form, and detailed instructions 
for completing the report form were provided to each 
addressee. In addition, each respondent's answers were 
checked for completeness and consistency. 

Item Nonresponse 

Nonresponse to particular questions on the census 
report that we would logically or statistically expect to be 
present may create a type of nonsampling error in both 
complete count and sample data. When information reported 
for another farm with similar characteristics is used to edit 
or impute for item nonresponse, the data may be biased 
because the characteristics of the nonrespondents have 
not been observed and may differ from those reported by 
respondents. Any attempt to correct the data for nonre- 
sponse may not completely reflect this difference either at 
the element level (individual farm operation) or on the 
average. 

Processing Error 

The many steps of processing of each census report 
form are sources for the introduction of nonsampling error. 
The processing of the census report forms includes cleri- 
cal screening for farm activity, computerized check-in of 
report forms and followup of nonrespondents, keying and 
transmittal of completed report forms, computerized edit- 
ing of inconsistent and missing data, review and correction 
of individual records referred from the computer edit, 
review and correction of tabulated data, and electronic 
data processing. These operations undergo a number of 
quality control checks to ensure as accurate an application 
as possible, yet some errors are not detected and cor- 
rected. 

Classification Error 

An evaluation study of classification errors was con- 
ducted in the 1987 Census of Agriculture as part of the 
census coverage evaluation program. A sample of mail list 
respondents was selected, and these addresses reenu- 
merated to determine whether they were a farm or non- 
farm. A farm status determination was made based on the 
evaluation questionnaire and compared with the status 
based on the data reported on the census form. Differ- 
ences in status were reconciled. 

In past censuses, the proportion of farms undercounted 
due to classification errors was higher for farms with small 
values of sales. The classification error rate was higher for 
(1) livestock farms than crop farms, (2) farms with a small 



number of acres than larger farms, or (3) tenant farms than 
full or part-owner farms. Results from the 1987 classifica- 
tion error study will be published in the Coverage Evalua- 
tion report. 



EDITING DATA AND IMPUTATION FOR ITEM 
NONRESPONSE 



For the 1987 Census of Agriculture, as in previous 
censuses, all reported data were keyed and then edited by 
computer. The edits were used to determine whether the 
reports met the minimum criteria to be counted as farms in 
the census. Computer edits also performed a series of 
complex, logical checks of consistency and completeness 
of item responses. They provided the basis for deciding to 
accept, impute (supply), delete, or alter the reported value 
for each data record item. 

Whenever possible, edit imputations, deletions, and 
changes were based on component or related data on the 
respondent's report form. For some items, such as oper- 
ator characteristics, data from the previous census were 
used when available. Values for other missing or unaccept- 
able reported data items were calculated based on reported 
quantities and known price parameters. 

When these and similar methods were not available and 
values had to be supplied, the imputation process used 
information reported for another farm operation in a geo- 
graphically adjacent area with characteristics similar to 
those of the farm operation with incomplete data. For 
example, a farm operation that reported acres of corn 
harvested, but did not report quantity of corn harvested, 
was assigned the same bushels of corn per acre harvested 
as that of the last nearby farm with similar characteristics 
that reported acceptable yields during that particular exe- 
cution of the computer edit. The imputation for missing 
items in each section of the report form was conducted 
separately; thus, assigned values for one operation could 
come from more than one respondent. 

Prior to the imputation operation, a set of default values 
and relationships were assigned to the possible imputation 
variables. The relationships and values varied depending 
on the item being imputed. For example, different default 
values were assigned for several standard industrial clas- 
sification and total value of sales categories when imputing 
hired farm labor expenses. These values and item relation- 
ships for the possible imputation variables were stored in 
the computer in a series of matrices. The computer 
records were sorted by reported State and county, where 
the county sequence was based on similar types of farms 
and agricultural practices. 

Each execution of the computer edit consisted of records 
from only one State. For a given execution of the edit, the 
stored entries in the various matrices were retained in the 
computer only until a succeeding record having acceptable 
characteristics for some sections of the report form was 
processed by the computer. Then the acceptable responses 



C-6 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



of the succeeding operation replaced those previously 
stored. When a record processed through the edit had 
unreported or unacceptable data, the record was assigned 
the last acceptable ratio or response from an operation 
with a similar set of characteristics. Once each execution 
of the computer edit for a State was completed, the 
possible imputation variables were reset to the default 
values and relationships for subsequent executions. 

After the initial computer edit, keyed reports not meeting 
the census farm definition were reviewed to ensure that 



the data were keyed correctly. Edit referrals were gener- 
ated for about 30 percent of the reports included as farms, 
and they were also reviewed for keying accuracy and to 
ensure that the computer edit actions were correct. If the 
results of the computer edit were not acceptable, correc- 
tions were made and the record was reedited. More 
extensive discussions of the edit and item imputation 
methodology with measures of the extent of imputation in 
the census estimates will be provided in a separate 
research report. 



Tables D through G follow. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-7 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987 



J symbols, see introducloty te)rtl 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Farms 


















dollars.. 




dollars.. 


Estimated marl<el value of all machinery and equipment' 


$1.000.. 

dollars.. 


Fam,sbysi^e: 




10 to 49 acres 


acres. - 
(arms.. 




acres- 




acres.. 




acres.. 




famis I 












acres.. 




acres. - 








fs:^^: 




acres- 




acres. _ 
(arms . 




acres. - 




acres— 
(arms 


Cropland used only (or pasture or grazing ..._ 


acres.. 
(arms.. 




acres.. 


Acres irrigated: 
1 to 9 acres 


(arms. 






50 to 99 acres 


(arms 




acres- 




farms 




acres- 




farms 


Market value o( agricultural products sold 


acres.- 

— $1,000.. 

dollars 


Value of sales: 
Less than $2 500 






$1,000.. 




$1.000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 




$1,000.. 
farms 




$1,000.. 


Sales by commodity or commodity group: 
Crops, including nursery and greenhouse crops - 

Grains 


$1.000.. 

farms.. 

$1.000.. 
$1.000.. 




$1,000 
















$1,000— 




$1,000.- 




$1.000.. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



C-8 APPENDIX C 



295 036 

420 279 

4 748 



2 055 

55 

3 959 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 1987-Con. 

(For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



i with sales of $10,000 c 



Sales by commodity or commodity group— Con. 
Crops, including nursery and greentiouse crops -Con. 

Cotton and cottonseed $1,000. 

Tobacco $1,000. 

Hay. silage, and field seeds $1,000. 

Vegetables, sweet corn, and melons $1,000. 



Livestock, poultry, and « 



Field crops, except cash grains (013) I 

Vegetables and melons (016) I 

i 

Fmits and tree nuts (017) .-- farms- 
Horticultural specialties (018) farms. 

acres. 

General farms, primarily crop (019) — farms. 

acres. 
Livestock, except dairy, poultry, and animal specialties (021) farms. 

Dairy famis (024) farms. 

acres. 
Poultry and eggs (025) _ - farms. 

acres. 

Animal specialties (027) 1 

General farms, primarily livestock and animal specialties (029) ( 



Farms by type of organization: 



Partnership 





Corporation _ 

Other-cooperative, estate or tni. 


t, institutional, etc. 


Tenure of operator. 
Full owners 




Part owners 




Operators by principal occupation: 


Other 


Operators by sex: 





Average age of operator _ 

Cropland under federal acreage reduction programs: 
Annual commodity acreage adjustment programs _. 

Conservation resen/e program 



Government payments: 

Amount received in cash 

Value of certificates received . 



Average per farm... 
Farms with net gains^ . 
Farms with net losses. 



Total farm production expenses^ 



$1,000 
- farms 

$1,000 
.- farms. 



Seeds, bulbs, plants, and trees . 
I fertilizer 



$1 ,000 
. farms 
$1,000 



18 502 

49 

8 077 



32 852 

153 

21 172 



8 915 

86 

16 748 

37 

3 405 



27 834 

15 

1 234 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-9 



Table D. Reliability Estimates of State Totals: 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



1987 -Con. 



Relative standard 

error of estimate 

(percent) 



Petroleum products . 
Electricity 



$1,000. 

"si.ooo: 



Hired farm labor 
Contract labor __ 
Repair and 



$1,000. 
I hire, and rental of machinery and equipment farms. 



Interest - 


$1,C00_ 






$1,000. 


Livestock a 




$1,000. 


nd poultry: 


$1,000. 


Beef c 


-y 


number- 
farms. 






number. 






number. 








Hogs an 
Hogs an 




number. 




number. 




number. 






Sheep and lamh<s loid 


number, 
farms 






number. 


Broilers and other meat-type chickens sold 


number. 

farms. 

number. 



Selected crops harvested: 
Corn for grain or seed .. 



Corn tor silage or green chop- 



1 potatoes farms.. 



for sale (see text) . 



i sold are included as farms with c 



C-10 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table E. Reliability Estimates of Percent Change in State Totals: 1982 to 1987 

[For meaning of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 




1 sales of $10,000 c 



^Data are based on a sample of farms. 

'Data for 1 987 include cost of cus 

'Data for 1 982 do not include imputation for item nonresponse. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-11 



Table F. Reliability Estimates of County Totals: 1987 

(For meaning o( abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 



Estimated market value 

of all machinery and 

equipment^ 



676 037 
333 453 
527 464 
250 648 
561 791 



5 062 

5 032 

6 445 



i and pigs inventory 



Soybeans (or beans 



en-or of 
(percent) 



11 073 
7 421 
16 643 



Livestock and poultry 



Hired farm labor 



Petroleum products 



Electricity for the farm tHJSiness 



'Data are based on a sample of farms. 



C-12 APPENDIX C 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Table G. New England States Coverage Evaluation Estimates of Farms Not on the Mail List: 
1987 



{Data are based on a sample of farms; see text. For meaning 


of abbreviations and symbols, see introductory text] 












Not on 


mail list 


Percent no 


on mail list 


Item 


Total number 


of estimate 
(percent) 


Total percent 


Standard enor of percent 


Famns __ numljer.. 


7 767 
533 303 

4 819 
2948 

7 767 
150 362 

7 101 

5 642 
1 459 

666 

25 984 

4 530 

6 643 
1 124 

1 532 
6 235 

51.9 


11.5 

14.5 
11.9 

11.5 
28.2 

12.1 
9.9 
39.8 
13.9 

24.9 

20.6 
10.6 

12.4 
14.9 

13.1 
13.0 

(Z) 


23.6 
11.2 

26.9 

9.9 

40!7 
19.6 
5.7 

1.6 

21.9 
24.9 

28.9 
13.4 

lli 

m 


2.7 
1.9 


Fanns by size: 














2:3 


Farms by value of sales: 


acres.. 








$2 500 to $9 999 


farms 










Market value of agricultural products sold 

Famis by standard industrial classification: 


$1.000.. 




Livestock (02) 


farms 


27 


Farms by tenure of operaton 






Part owners 


farms 


20 








Operators by principal occupation: 
Fj™n9 


farms.. 


1.3 






(X) 







I tfian once in the census are 1 



Note 3: New England States ii 



i Ck)nnecticut, Maine, 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX C C-13 



APPENDIX D. 
Report Form and Information Sheet 



• 87-A0201 



. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 



."va CENSUS ysA 



UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
1201 East Tenth Street 



you cannot file by February 1 , a time extension request may be 
the above address. Include your 12-character Census File 
■ (CFN) as shown in your address label in all correspondence to 



NOTICE — Response to this inquiry is required by 1. 
THE CENSUS BUREAU IS CONFIDENTIAL. It may 
only for statistical purposes. Your report CANNOT t 



IS. Code). By the same law YOUR REPORT TO 



> refer to veur C:enau« Hie Number (CFN) 



.and ZIP Code ENTBR strem and numty 



ACREAGE IN 1987 Report land owned, rented, or used 
by you, your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or 
organization for vuhich you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, 
REGARDLESS OF LOCATION OR USE - cropland, 
pastureland, rangeland, woodland, idle land, house lots. etc. 

» op«rate*l In 1 987 changBti duHrtg tho roar. 



refer fo the IHFORMATION SHEET, miction 1 



None Number of acres 



1 . All land owned 



. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS, including land worked 
by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for services, 
payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, and railroarJ 
land. (00 NOT include land used on a per-head basis under a 
grazing permit.) Also complete item 5 below 



4. Acres in "THIS PLACE" - ADD acres owned (item 1 
and acres rented (item 2), then SUBTRACT acres rented 
TO OTHERS (item 3), and enter the result in this space 

For thli csn»M reporT tfH»s are the acree in "THIS PLACE. ' 



f the entry is zero please refer to the INFORM A TION SHEET, section 1 . 

F you rented land FROM OTHERS (item 21. enter the following infomiation for each landlord. 



Mailing address (Include ZIP Code) Number off acres 



6. It you rented land TO OTHERS (ite m 3). enter the following information for each renter. 
Mailing address llnclude ZIP Codel \ Number off acn 



7. Did you have any grazing permits on a per-head basis? 

1 □ Yes - Marti IX) all boxes which apply . 

2 □ No - Go fo rtem 8 



4 rn Taylor Grazing Sec. 3 (BLM) 
, n Indian Land 
I 6 □ Other - Specify, 



agricultural products 



b. If you also had agricultural 
operations in any other 
countyliesl, enter the 
county name(s), etc 



Number of acres 



INSTRUCTIONS — Please report your crops in the appropriate section 

Use section 7 to report ONLY those CROPS NOT listed in sectioi 

and section 8. DO NOT INCLUDE crops grown on land rented to others. 



Were any o« the fonowlnfl CROPS harvested fram "THIS PLACE" 



1 . Com (field) for grain c 



2. Com (field) for silage 
or green chop 


D 


3. Soybeans for beans . 


D 


4. Beans, dry edible . . . 


D 


5. Wheat for grain 


□ 


6. Oats for grain 


□ 


7. Barley for grain 


D 


8. Rye for grain 


D 


9. Sorghum for grain 
or seed 


n 


10. Sorghum for silage or 
green chop IDo not includt 
sorghum-sudm crosses.!. . . 


n 


ll.Tobacco- all types . 


□ 


12. Potatoes, Irish 


u 



Was any DRV HAY, GRASS SILAGE, HAVLAGE, or GREEN CHOP cut 
or harvested from "THIS PLACE" in 19877 

1 □ YES — Complete Ihle section 2 O NO — Go to section 4 



If cuttings 

HAY and also under GRASS SILAGE. 

1. DRY HAY 



YLAGE. and GREEN CHOP, 
or more cuttings of dry 



cuttings.) 

a. Alfalfa and alfalfa r 
hay or dehydrating 

b. Small grain hay — oats, wheat, 
badey, rye, etc 

c. Other tame dry hay - clover, lespedez 
timothy. Sudangrass, meadow and 
pasture grasses, etc 

d. Wild hay 



acres only once, but n 



3. HAY SOLD — Did you sell any hay 
or grass silage in 1 9B77 iReport value 

of liiy sold In section 3. item 3) 



harSLVted 


Quantity 


Acres 
irrigated 










dry 






Ton.. 






d°v 




„s 




,., 



!nNo 



PEHALTr FOR FAILURE TO REPORT 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-1 




Total acres 


Acres Irrigated 


Whole acn9 | Ttinths 


Whol<.«:rM |T.n*. 


1 /10 


1 no 



2. For those crops not nsted below, enter the name and code from the list at the right for other fruit and nut trees on this place i 
Report the requested infonnation for each crop even if not harvested because of low prices, damage from hail, frost, etc. 


Crop name 




NUMBER OF 
TREES OB VINES OF - 


Acres In trees 

and vines of 

alleges 


Quantitv 


Unit^^esure 






Nonbearing 
age 


age 


u„. 


Tons 


Boxm 






Apples 


123 










7b 


20 




Grapes 


177 




178 




180 


,a 


jn 


3D| 


Sweet cherries 


345 




34S 






,a 


20 


30 1"° 


Tart chertfes 


SB7 






"' 1 „o 




1 D 


,n 


3d1"^ 








' 


I no 




.D 


20 


3D| 














,a 


20 


30' 



D-2 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



a.iaw«i.i«aM CHnag«»ii«rfrpnpg«nim "TMiapure-i-iuBT hecwm 

■ -*iiit»nm* (Refer to rtmlNFORMAVON SHEET, 

Report yovr best estimate of the vatue for each of the following groups of crops sold 
from this place in 1987. Include the value of the landlonl's and/or contractor's share. 




«7-«)IOMe-1..8*l 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-3 



HJ.tJMJtrH GOVEBWMgWT CCC tOaMB 



1 . Horses and ponies 



2. Colonies of bees. 



4. Angora goats. 



5. Other goats 

S.iVlules. burros, and 
donkeys 

7. Mink and their 



E 



1 0. Fish and other aquaculture 
products (Enter name and 
code from list below.) 
Name Code 



OR '•^"Z<i± \ 



%MM,\mM 



h.-<J»tiMJ<^iEI COHPOHATE STRUCTURE lf« 



866 
.869 



bmfflmrtM 



1 n YES 

2 □ NO — GotosectionlB None 

1 . HENS and PULLETS of laying age D 

2. PULLETS for laying flock replacement 

a -PULLETS 3 months old or older not yet of laying age □ 
b.PULLET CHICKS and PULLETS under 3 months old „ 



IDor 
3. BROILERS, fryers, and other r 



:-type chickens 



b.Turkey HENS kept for breeding . 



1 December 31, 1987. . D 



8. What was the gross value of sales of 
poultry and poultry products (eggs, 
etc.) from this place in 1987? 



1 . Amount received in 1 987 from Government CCC loans for - None 

• -Com n 

b. Wheat D 

c.Soybeans □ 

d. Sorghum, bariey, and oats □ 

Tobacco, rye, and honey (HI 



Paymontt recehred for partlel|Mtion In FEDERAL FARM PROGRAMS 
in 1 987 (DO NOT INCLUDS CCC hant.l Refer to INFORMATION 
SHEET, section 19. 



TVPE OF ORGANIZATION 



i FAMILY or INDIVIDUAL operation - 

(Do not Include partnership and corporatktn.l 
■ PARTNERSHIP operation -include family 



' INCORPORATED UNDER STATE LAW s D 

i OTHER, such as estate or trust, prison f am, grazing 



Indian reservation, etc. 



n Goro, 
n^ Speclfi 



1 . Is this a family-held corporation? .... 

2. Are there more than 10 stockholders? 



r n Yes 
iDYes 



^DNo 
.DNo 



aariniaL'gaSI characteristics and OCCUPATIOM of OPERATOR I. 



> INFORM A TION SHB£T. i 



.22 



2. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which occupation 
did the operator spend the majoritv (50 percent or 
more) of his/her woAtime in 1987? f 



. DYea 
1 D Farn 



, DNo 



3. OFF- FARM WORK — How many days did the operator 
(senior partner or person in charge) work at least 
4 hours per day off this place in 1987? -include «•£»» 



Farming 2 □ Other 
or ranching 

n None 
n 1-49 days 
n 50-99 days 
n 100- 149 days 
n 150-199 days 
□ 200 days or mora 

Year 



6. AGE of operator (senior partner or person in charge) 



' 1 n White 

2 a Negro or Black 

3 Q American Indian 
« □ Asian or Pacific 

» □ Other - Specifrj 

-a 



B. SPANISH ORIGIN - Is the operator (senior partner 
or person in charge) of Spanish origin or descent 
(Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or other Spanish)? 



DYes 



nFem 
Dno 



D-4 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Include your best 

rers. and other 

987. (DO NOT INCLUDE expenses connected with perfonnlng customwork for 
others: operation of nonfarm activities, businesses, or services; or household 
expenses not related to the farm business.) 



a . Gasoline and gasohol 

b.Diesel fuel 

e. Natural gas 

d- LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, motor oil, grease, 
7 . Electricltv for the farm busfaiaxs - (Do not 



8 . Hirsd farm am! ranch labor — also include employer's 




t4-ia»>«i»i.'BrtM w...n.r-nMMFH<;iai ffbtii i7pb inf.fciHir«i rock 
~ UMEund on this place during 1987? 

> n YES - Comptefl,tM.««rtlon 2 D NO 



1 . Acres of cropland fertilized in 1 987 — (Do nt>t induoe cropland 



PHOSPHATE,! 



3. LIME — tons of lime used and acres on 



None Tonsofn 



Sprays, dusts, granules, fumigants. 



d . Waads, grass, or brush in crops and pasture - 
Include both pro-9rnorg9nc9 and post omorgenee, . . . . 
2. Chemicals for dafoliatlon or for gro«*th control 
of crops Of thinntna of fruit . 






I for the fami or ranch business? - 
trucks, tractors, combims. plows, 

mUkers and bulk tanks, livestock t 



EstlmatAd market ^ 



• SELECTED machinerr and aiiulpmant on 
this placa, Dwwmbar 31, 1987. maport 
19S5orI987J 



2. Motortrucks - Include pickups CH 

3. Wheel tractors other than garden tractors 
and motor tillers - 

a. Less than 40 horsepower (PTO) □ 

b. 40 horsepower (PTO) or more □ 

4. Grain and bean combines, all types EH 

5. Cotton pickers and strippers LA 

6. Mower conditioners Lj 

7. Pickup balers -Include rocMnBte ,—. 

— ------B LI 



Of Itia total, HOW 

4ANY wers manufic 

nod In rtie ton 5 y» 

11983-198717 



ESTIMATED CURRENT MARKET VALUE OF LAND and 



Please give your best ESTIMATE of the CURRENT MARKET 
VALUE of land and buildings for all acres reported in 
section Litems 1,2, and 3, page 1. mc 



2. All land rented or leased FROM OTHERS D 

3. All land rented or leased TO OTHERS □ 



M^tt^nK'Htgaa iMrtiMc raxM p»bm ■ ppi t.^ra sniiHCES iw 1987 



1 . Customwork and other i 

farmers and others - plowing, planting, spraying, 
harvesting, preparation of products for market, etc. 

eparatB buslnass. rater ro INFORMATION 



Recreational services, patronage dividends of cooperatives, 
and other income which is CLOSELY RELATED to the 
agricultural operatkxi on this place - 



a a SiBR tl iiaa^ PERSON c oiwpletiwg this report 



\Tri\' 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-5 



INFORMATION SHEET 

1 987 UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Special Reporting Instructions 

1. Who Should Report 

we need a reply from everyone receiving a report form. 

:ti? 



AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS. Each case included in the census has 
a unique Census File Number (CFN). In order to make the census 
results as complete and accurate as possible, we need to obtain 
information about every CFN. 

2. If You Received More Than One Report Form for an Operation 

Complete only ONE report form for an operation. Write "Duplicate" 
near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the 
1 1 -digit census file number(s) of the DUPLICATE report(s) ON THE 
COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided to the loft of the address 
label. Return the extra report(s) in the same envelope with your 
completed report form so that we can correct our records. 

3. If You No Longer Farm 

If you had agricultural operations at any time during 1987, please 
report all agricultural activity during the year. Report all land on your 
census form that you o>wned or rented. Also, report your 1 987 crop 
and livestock production and 1 987 sales. 

Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate sheet of 
paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 
date and the name and address of the present operator, if known. 

4. If You Never Farmed or Have No Association WHh Agriculture 

Please write a note on the report form near the address label explaining 
this and return the form so that we can correct our records. In our 
efforts to make the census as complete as possible, we obtained lists 
from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm 
addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. 



I More Than One Agricultural Operation 



5. If You Ha 

Complete a report form for EACH SEPARATE and DISTINCT 
production unit, i.e., each individual farm, ranch, feedtot, greenhouse, 
etc., or combination of farms, etc., for which you maintain SEPARATE 
records of operating expenses and sales, livestock and other 
inventories, crop acreages, and production. 

6. If You Have a Partnership Operation 

Complete only ONE report for the entire partnership's agricultural 
operation and include all partners' shares on the one report. If 
members of the partnership also operate separate farms or ranches in 
addition to the partnership farming operation, separate report forms 
should be completed for each individual operation. 

If two or more report forms were received for the same operation, mark 
each additional form as a "Duplicate." Return the duplicate report<s) in 
the same envelope with the completed partnership report, where 
possible, or write a note on the duplicate report, such as, "(Name of 
partner) has completed a report for the partnership (provide name and 



CFN of 



7. Landlord's or Contractor's Share 

if you rented or leased land from others or had a contract for the 
production of agricultural products, include both your share and the 
landlord's or contractor's share of the production, sales, and expenses 
so your census report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." 

If you do not know the landlord's or contractor's share, include your 
BEST ESTIMATE. If you do not have records available for all data items, 
use your best < 



Howr to Enter Your Response 

Enter your replies in the proper spaces, on the correct lines, and in the 
units requested, i.e., dollars, bushels, tons, etc. Write any explanation 
outside the answer spaces or on a separate sheet of paper. 



Instructions For Specified Sections 

Section 1 — ACREAGE IN 1987 

Your answers to this section will determine the land (Acres in 
"THIS PLACE") referred to in the rest of the report form. 
When answering the acreage questions, include the land 
associated with your agricultural operations in 1 987 \whether in 
production or not. Include all land that you owned or rented 
during 1 987 even if only for part of the year. Do not include any 
unrelated residential or commercial land. 

IF YOU QUIT FARMING DURING 1987 - Complete the 
report form for the portion of the year that you did farm. Explain 
on the report form in the space to the left of the address label (or 
on another sheet of paper) when you stopped farming and 
include the name and address of the person now using the land. 

Report all land in section 1 in whole acres. 

item 1 — All Land Owned — Report all land owned in 1 987 whether 
held under title, purchase contract or mortgage, homestead law, or as 
heir or trustee of an undivided estate. Include all land owned by you 
and/or your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization 
for which you are reporting. 

item 2 — All Land Ranted or Leased FROM OTHERS — 

Report all land rented by you or your operation even though the 
landlord may have supplied materials or supervision. 
INCLUDE in item 2: 

a. Land for agricultural use that you rented from others for cash 

b. Land you worked on a share basis (crop or livestock) 
c.Land owned by someone else that you used rent-free 

d. Federal, State, Indian reservation, or railroad land rented or 

leased by the acre 
DO NOT INCLUDE in item 2: 

Land used on a per-head or animal unit license or permit basis, 
such as section 3 of the Taylor Grazing Act, National Forest, 
or Indian reservation permit land. If you had any of these 
permits, mark "yes" to item 7. 

Item 3 - Ail Land Rented or Leased TO OTHERS - Include 
all land rented out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage 
reported in items 1 and 2. A report form will be obtained from 
each of your tenants to cover the operations on that land. 
INCLUDE in item 3: 



I and then subleased to 
r for a share of crops c 
d. Land which you allowed others to use rent-free 



If Ham A, Acres in "THIS PLACE " Is "O" and: 

a. You raised any crops or had any livestock or poultry on 
"THIS PLACE" in 1 987, complete the report. 

b. All your land was operated by a renter or sharecropper, 
complete item 6 (name and address of renters), skip to and 
complete section 29, and explain briefly, "all land rented 
out," etc. Mail form in return envelope. 

c. You did not have any agricultural activity on owned or rented 
land in 1 987, complete section 29 and explain briefly, such 
as "retired," "sold farm," and date. Grve name and address 

t op>erator if known and return form. 



Sections 2 through 8 - CROPS 



Enter whole numbers except ^where tenths are requested, such as acres 
of potatoes harvested. If you have 1/2.1 /3. or 1 /4 of an acre, convert 
to tenths. For example, convert 1 /2 to 5/10, 1 /3 to 3/ 1 0, 1 /4 to 2/1 0. 



The census report form will contain sections and questions which do 
not apply to you. When this occurs, mark the "None" or "No" box 
and go on to the next item or section. 



(Acres In "THIS PLACE") of your report. Please report your crops 
in the appropriate sections. Do NOT include any crops grown on 
land rented or leased TO OTHERS, or worked by others on shares 
during 1987. 

Acres harvested — Enter the acres harvested in 1 987. Round 
fractions to whole acres except where tenths are requested by 
"/10" in the reporting box, such as for potatoes. 



D-6 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



■ If your unit of measure is different than the 
unit on the report form, please convert your figure for the quantity 
harvested to the unit requested. If the harvest was incomplete by 
December 31, 1 987, please report the quantity harvested and 
estimated quantity to be harvested. 

Acres irrigated — For each crop irrigated, report number of acres 
irrigated. Irrigation is defined as land watered by artificial or controlled 
means — sprinklers, furrows or ditches, spreader dikes, purposeful 
flooding, etc. Include acres that received supplemental, partial, 
and/or preplant irrigation. Do not report water applied in transplanting 
tobacco plants, trees, or vegetables as irrigation. Leave "Acres 
irrigated" blank for crops that are not irrigated. 

Howr to Report Crops Harvested 



id 3 — Report only for the listed crops. 

■ Sections 4 through 8 — To report; ( 1 ) find the crop name and the 
code number from the list in the section; (2) enter crop name and code 
in the first two columns of the first available answer line in the section; 
<3) enter the information that is requested in the remaining columns. If 
you harvested a crop not listed in sections A through 8, use the "Other" 
code in the appropriate section and specify the crop name. 

Double Cropping — If two or more crops were harvested from the 
same land (double cropping) report the total acres and production of 
each harvested crop in the appropriate section(s} of the report form. 
Exampte: In 1987 you harvested 1 ,230 bushels of wheat from 40 
acres, then on the same 40 acres planted soybeans, from which you 

" ,550 bushels. You irrigated the soybeans but not the wheat. 



1 . Cotton 

2. Soybeans for b 
a.Whoatforgrai 
4, Oats tor grain 


Were any of the f ollowlna CROPS harvested from 
•THIS PLACE" In 1 8877 


None 

□ 

eans □ 
□ 


Acres 
harvested 


Quantity 
harvested 


Acres 
Irrigated 




- 




""^O 


-KSSO 8.. 


-^o 










""' Bu. 


0,B 



10 - USE OF ACRES IN "THIS PLACE" 

This section is used to classify the acres in "THIS PLACE" 
reported in section 1 , item 4. (Do not include any acres you 
rented to others reported in section 1 , item 3). The sum of the 
acres entered in various categories should equal total acres in 
"THIS PLACE." 

Land Usad for Mora Than One Purposa — Do not report the 
same acreage for more than one of the listed purposes. If part 
or all of your land was used for more than one listed purpose in 
1 987, report that land only In the first category listed. For 
example, if you plowed under a cover crop, and planted and 
harvested a grain crop, report the land in item 2a, "Cropland 
harvested," but do NOT report as "Cropland used for cover 
crops, legumes, etc." (item 2c). 

Doubia Cropping — When more than one crop was harvested 
from the same land in 1 987, report that land only ONCE as 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 

Intarplanted Crops — If you interplanted crops, such as cotton 
in an orchard, report the total land used for both crops only 
ONCE, as "Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 

Skip Row Planted Crops — Report the acres that represent the 
total nonplanted or skipped rows as "Cropland idle." item 2f. The 
acres that represent the planted rows should be reported as 
"Cropland harvested," in item 2a. 



— ACRES SET ASIDE. DIVERTED, OR IDLED 
UNDER FEDERAL ACREAGE REDUCTION 
PROGRAMS IN 1987 

Include in item 2 all acres in "THIS PLACE" retired from productior 
and placed, by long-term contract, into the Conservation Reserve 
Program. Acres placed into the program during and prior to 1 987 
should be included. 



► Sections 1 3 through 1 7 - 



-LIVESTOCK, POULTRY, OTHER 
LIVESTOCK, OR ANIMAL 
SPECIALTIES 



Interplanted Crops — If two crops were grown at the same time in 
alternating strips in the same field, report the portion of the field used 
for each crop. 

Example: A 60 acre field was planted in cotton and soybeans, with 
two rows of cotton followed by an area of the same width planted in 
soybeans. No irrigation was used. Thirty acres of soybeans and 30 
acres of cotton would be reported in the appropriate section(s). 

Skip Row Planting — If a crop is planted in an alternating pattern of 
planted and non planted rows, such as two rows planted and tvi/o 
rows skipped (2X2), report the portion of the field occupied by the 
crop in the appropriate section for that crop, and report the skipped 
portion as "Cropland idle" in section 10, item 2f. 

Section 4 — VEGETABLES — Report acres of vegetables harvested 
FOR SALE or commercial processing. Do not include vegetables grown 
for home use. Report the total acreage of each vegetable crop harvested. 
Example: In 1 987 you harvested 1 O acres of lettuce from a field, then 
replanted the field in lettuce and harvested the 1 O acres again. Both 
crops of lettuce were irrigated. Enter only 1 O acres of land from which 
vegetables were harvested and 1 O acres irrigated in item 1 of section 4, 
but write in 20 acres of lettuce harvested and 20 acres of lettuce 
irrigated in item 2 of section 4. 

Section 8 — FRUITS and NUTS — In counting the combined total 
of 20 or more trees and vines, include those for home use as w/ell as 
those maintained for sale of the production. Acres in trees or vines 
that have been abandoned should not be included; these acres should 
be included in section 1 O. item 2f "Cropland idle." 
If crops other than fruit and nut trees and vines were interplanted with 
trees or vines, report the total acres for the orchard crop in section 8 
and the total acres of the interplanted crop in the appropriate section. 

Section 9 — GROSS VALUE OF CROPS SOLD 

Report the value of all crops sold from "THIS PLACE" in 1 987, 
regardless of the year they were harvested or who owned the land. Be 
sure to report gross values before deducting expenses and taxes. 
Include Government CCC loans received for "THIS PLACE" in 1987. 
Include payments received in 1 987 from cooperatives or marketing 
organizations for crops produced on "THIS PLACE" regardless of the 
year in which the crops were harvested. 

Also include as sales, your estimate of the value of any crop removed 
from "THIS PLACE" in trade for services, such as hay cut in exchange 
for fence repair, clearing, or other services. If the sale price or market 
value is not known, give your best estimate of the crop's market value 
when removed from "THIS PLACE." 



Animals and Poultry to Include in the Report — Report all 
animals, poultry, and animal specialties on "this place" (section 
1 , item 4) on December 31,1 987. Include all owned by you and 
any kept by you for others. Include animals on unfenced lands. 
National Forest land, district land, cooperative grazing association 
land, or rangeland administered by the Bureau of Land 
Management on a per-head or lease basis. Animals in transit on 
December 31,1 987, or animals on a short-term pasture (such as 
wheat pasture or crop residue) on a per-head or lease basis should 
be reported by the person who had control of the animals. 

Animals and Poultry to Exclude from the Report — Do not 

report animals or poultry kept on land rented to others or kept 
under a share arrangement on land rented to others. Do not include 
animals quartered in feedlots which are not a part of "this place." 
Animals kept on a place not operated by you are to be included on 
the report for that place. 

Animals Bought and Sold — DO NOT REPORT ANY ANIMALS 
BOUGHT AND THEN RESOLD WITHIN 30 DAYS. Such purchases 
and sales are considered "dealer" transactions, and are not 
included in this census. 

Number Sold — Report all animals and poultry sold or removed 
from "this place" in 1987, without regard to ownership or who 
shared in the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord or given 
to a landlord or others in trade or in payment for goods or services. 
Do NOT report number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on 
another place. 

Dairy Tarminetlon Program or "Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out 
Program" — The amount received in 1987 from the 
Government under the dairy termination program should be 
included in section 1 9, item 1 . Dairy animals and products sold 
in 1 987 should be reported in section 1 3. 

Animals Moved to Another Place — For animals moved from 
"this place" to another place, such as for further feeding, report 
animals as "sold" and give your best estimate of their market 
value when they left "this place." 



DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 
a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

b. Veal calves, or any calves weighing less than 500 pounds 

c. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sold 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-7 



Value off Sales — Report the total gross value of animals and pouttry 
sold or removed from "this place" in 1 987 without deducting 
production or marketing expenses (cost of feed, cost of livestock 
purchased, cost of hauling and selling, etc.). If the sale price or 
market value is not known, give your best estimate of their market 
value when they left "this place. ' ' Do NOT report the value of sales 
of any livestock and poultry owned by you but kept and sold from a 
place you did not operate. 

Contract and Custom Feeding Operations — Livestock or poultry 
kept by you on "this place" on a contract or custom basis should be 
included on this report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP. Report as 
"INVENTORY" numbers of animals or poultry on the place on 
December 31 , 1 987. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept on a 
contract or custom basis and removed or sold from the place in 1 987. 
If the sale price or market value is not known, give your best estimate 
of the market value of the animals or poultry when they left the place. 

► Section 1 ( 



Item 2 — If you owned BEES — Report all colonies or hives of bees and 
honey operations conducted by you, regardless of where the hives were 
kept most of the year. Report hives or colonies, pounds of honey sold, 
and value of sales. 



item 9 — Other Livestock and Livestock Products — Include in all 
other livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and any 
other animal products sold from "this place" in 1987. Please indicate 
units used in reporting. 

item 10 — Fish and Other Aquaculture Products — Report number 
of pounds sold and gross value of sales for each. Enter name and code 

► Section 1 7 - POULTRY 

The person who furnished the housing and labor should report the 
poultry operation on his/her report form regardless of who owns the 
birds. Report as sold poultry that were taken or moved from the place 
in 1987. 



Section 21 -CORPORATE 

This section Is to be answered by 
items. A family-held corporation has 
stock owned by persons related by b 



only. Answer both 
than SO percent of its 



Section 22 — CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF 
OPERATOR 

This section collects information about the operator of "this 
place" defined as the individual owner, the operator, the senior 
partner, or person in charge for the type of organization reported 
in section 20. 

■ Complete this section for 



For Partnership Operations — Answer all items, except item 2. 
for the "Senior Partner." The "Senior Partner" is the individual 
who is mainly responsible for the agricultural operations on "this 
place," not necessarily the person senior in age. If each partner 
shares equally in the day-to-day management decisions, consider 
the oldest as the "Senior Partner." For item 2 (Principal 
Occupation) consider all members of the partnership together. 
Please include as "farming" worktime at all types of agricultural 
enterprises, including work at greenhouses, nurseries, mushroom 
production, ranching, feedlots, broiler feeding, etc. 



IS and Other Operations (Cooperatives, 

Complete section 22 for the person in charge, 
such as a hired manager, business manager, or other person 
primarily responsible for ■• •- . . 

farm or ranch business. 



For CorporatIo 



i-site, day-to-day operation of the 



Item 1 — Report the amount received under the regular or reserve 
program for commodities placed under CCC loan during 1 987. Include 
amount received even if commodity was redeemed or forfeited prior to 
December 31, 1987. 



► Section 19 — FEDERAL PAYMENTS RECEIVED 

Report all payments received from Federal Farm Programs in 1 987 
regardless of whether payment was made in cash or commodity 
certificates. Include cash payments in item 1 . In item 2, include the 
value of any certificates held or the value received from sale or 
redemption of any certificates in 1987. 

Federal payments include receipts from Federal programs such as 
deficiency payments, "Whole-herd dairy buy-out," support price 
payments, indemnity programs, disaster payments, paid land 
diversion, inventory reduction payments, payments received for 
approved soil and water conservation projects, etc. 

► Section 20 - TYPE OF ORGANIZATION 

termine the type of organization for 

Family or Individual Operation — Defined as farm or business 
organization controlled and operated by an individual (sole proprietor). 
Include family operations that are not incorporated and not operated 
under a partnership agreement. 

Partnership Operation — Defined as two or more persons who have 
agreed on the amount of their contribution (capital and effort) and the 
distribution of profits. Co-ownership of land by husband and wife or 
joint filing of income tax forms by husband and wife DOES NOT 
constitute a partnership, unless a specific agreement to share 
contributions, decisionmaking, profits, and liabilities exists. Production 
under contract or under a share rental agreement DOES NOT constitute 
a partnership. 

incorporated Under State Law — A corporation is defined as a legal 
entity or artificial person created under the laws of a State to carry on a 
business. This definition does not include cooperatives. Information on 
type of corporation should be reported in section 21 . 

Other — Such as cooperatives (defined as an incorporated or 
unincorporated enterprise or an association created and formed jointly 
by the members), estate or trust (defined as a fund of money or property 
administered for the benefit of another individual or organization), prison 
farm, grazing association, Indian reservation, institution run by a 
government or religious entity, etc. 



■ Report the first year the 
operator or senior partner began to operate any part of "this 
place" on a continuous basis. If the operator returned to a place 
previously operated, report the year operations were resumed. 



Section 23 — PRODUCTION EXPENSES paid by you and 
others for "this place" in 1987 

Include farm production expenses paid by you, your landlord, 
contractors, or anyone else for crops, livestock, or poultry ( 
on ' 'this place. ' ' Include expenses incurred in 1 987 even if they 
were not paid for in 1 987. Please estimate if exact figures are not 
known. Refer to the individual expenditure items below for further 



Livestock and Poultry Purchased — Report the cost of cattle, 
calves, hogs. pigs, sheep, lambs, horses, goats, chicks, pullets, 
poults, etc.. including breeding stock and dairy cows. Contract 
growers or custom feeders who did not own or purchase the 
livestock or poultry themselves should estimate the value of the 
cattle, calves, pigs, baby chicks, pullets, etc. at the time they 
came onto the place. 



Feed Purchased for Livestock and Poultry — Report the 
purchase cost of corn, sorghum, oats, barley, other grains, 
silage, hay, mixed feed, concentrates, etc., fed to livestock and 
poultry on "this place." Contract livestock and poultry growers 
should estimate the value of feed provided by the contracting 
conr>pany. Custom feedyards should include feed costs for all 
cattle fed even if the owners of the cattle were billed for the feed. 
Feed raised on "this place" should not be reported as purchased. 



Cost of Hired Farm and Ranch l-abor — Include gross salaries 
and wages, commissions, dismissal pay, vacation pay. and paid 
bonuses paid to hired workers, family members, hired managers, 
administrative and clerical employees, and salaried corporate 
officers. Also, include supplemental cost for benefits such as 
employer's social security contributions, unemployment 
compensation, workmen's compensation insurance, life and 
medical insurance, pension plans, etc. 



Contract l-abor - 



- Includes the labor costs of workers furnished 
I by a labor contractor, crew leader, or 

cooperative for harvesting vegetables or fruit, shearing sheep, or 

similiar farm activities. Do not include costs for building c 

work done by a construct' 

customwork or machine I 



Include the cost of 



Repair and Maintenance Expenses for the Upkeep of 
Buildings, Motor Vehicles, and Farm Equipment - 

cost of repairs and upkeep of farm machinery, vehicles, buildings, 
fences, and other equipment used in the farm business. Do not 
include repairs to vehicles not used in the farm business or for 
equipment used only for performing customwork for others. Do 

xpenditures for the construction of new buildings or 

iditions to existing buildings. 



D-8 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



1 Item 12b. 



in 1 987 for the farm I 

land and buildings (real estate) in item 1 2a. Include all loans not 

secured by real estate such as for fertilizer, feed, and f 

Include interest paid on CCC loans. Do not include interest associated 

with activities not related to production of crops or livestock on "this 

place" such as land or buildings rented to others, packing sheds, or 

feed mills that provide services to others. Do not include interest on 

owner/operator dwelling where amount is separated from interest on 

other land and buildings on "this place." 



Cash Rent Pold for Land and Buildinga In 1987 — Report rent paid 
in cash during 1987 for land and buildings in "this place." Do not 
include rent paid for operator dwelling or other nonfarm property. Do 
not include the value of shares of crops or livestock paid to landlords. 



MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT 

The estimated market value in item 1 refers to ALL machinery and 
equipment kept primarily on"this place" and used for the farm 
business. Report the value in its present condition, not the 
replacement or depreciated value. Specialized equipment, which 
is an integral part of a building, should be included as a patn of the 
value of land and buildings. 

27 



The value for each of the three listed categories should be your 
estimate of the value of the land and buildings if they were sold in 
the current market. The real estate tax assessment value should 
not be used unless that value represents a full market value 
; and the land and buildings could reasonably be 
1 be sold at that price. Do not deduct real estate 
marketing charges from your estimate. Report the total value, 
not the value on a per acre basis. 



► Section 28 



-RELATED SOURCES 



Dor 



t include: 



a. Property taxes on land or buildings rented to someone else 

b. Taxes paid by landlords 

o. Property taxes paid on other property not associated with the 

farm business 
d. Income and excise taxes 



All Other Production Expanses — Farm production costs not 
previously listed should be reported here. In addition to items listed 
on the report form, include bookkeeping charges, tax preparation 
fees, postage, advertising, commission for sale of cattle, and fees 
paid for farm-related advice or for farm consultants. Do not include 
depreciation or expenditures for the purchase of land and buildings 
or new or used i 



Item 1 through 4 refer only to those income producing activities 
for which you use part of the land, machinery, equipment, labor, 
or capital normally used on "this place," and which you do not 
consider as entirely separate from your farming activities. Report 
gross amounts received before taxes and expenses. 

Item 1 — Customwork — Do not report income for customwork 
or agricultural services provided to others if operated as an 
entirely separate business from your agricultural < 



■ Do not include rental income from 
nonfarm property. 

Item 3 — Forest Products — Include only those forest products 
or Christmas trees cut from "this pla 
nonfarm timber acreage. Do not include i 



— COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER AND LIME 

Report acres on which commercial fertilizer (items 1 and 2) or lime 
(item 31 was applied during 1 987. If any acreage was fertilized or 
limed more than once, report acres ONLY ONCE in each item. Report 
expense for commercial fertilizer purchased, excluding lime. ' 
23, item 4. 



Item 4 — Other Farm-Related Income — Include income from 
hunting leases, fishing fees, and other recreational services, sales 
of farm by-products, and other business or income closely related 
to the agricultural operation on "this place." Include dividends for 
business done with farmer-owned cooperatives. Do not enter 
previously reported farnn sales or income from investments not 
associated with the farm. Do not include retirement pensions or 
social security benefits received. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-9 



I 87-A0400 



. DEPARTMEKT OF COMMERCE 



QS. 



UNITED STATES 

CENSUS 
OF AGRICULTURE 



A© CENSUS ysM 



THE CENSUS BUREAU 



3 provides that c 



9 this (TKlulry iB requlrsd by Isvtf ( 
IS CONFIDENTIAL- It m», be • 
Your report CANNOT be ul 



. and ZIP Code. ENTERS 



1 . At any time during 1 987, did you plant, grow, or have any: 

• Hay or tobacco? • Fruit, nut. or citrus ti 

• Com. wheat, or other grains? • Vegetables, melons, or berries 

• Other crops? • Greenhouse or nursery crops? 

□_YiM D No 

2 . At any time during 1 987, did you raise, sell, or keep any; 

• Cattle, hogs, sheep, or goats? • Horses or ponies? 

• Chickens or other pouloy? • Fish in captivity? 

• Bees? • Other animal specialties? 

n Yes n No 



mj^jLiJim 



ACREAGE IIM 1 987 Report land owned, rented, or used by you, 
your spouse, or by the partnership, corporation, or organization fc 
which you are reporting. Include ALL LAND, REGARDLESS OF 
LOCATION OR USE - cropland, pastureland, rangeland, 
woodland, idle land, house lots. etc. 



None 



1 . AH land owned 

2. An land remed or leased FROM OTHERS, including land 
worked by you on shares, used rent free, in exchange for 
services, payment of taxes, etc. Include leased Federal, State, 
and railroad land. (DO NOT include land used on a per-head 
basis under a grazing permit.) O 



4. Acres in "THIS PLACE" — ADD acres owned (item 
and acres rented (item 21, then SUBTRACT acres rents< 
TO OTHERS (item 3), and enter the result In this space. 



3 the Information Sheet, section 2. . 
None 

a _ 



1 . Cropland harvested 

2. Cropland on which all crops failed — fExceptton: Do r 



4. Cropland used only for pasture, woodland pastured, 
and other pastureland and rangeland 

5. All other woodland, wasteland, houselots, etc. not 
reported in items 1 through 4 above . □ 



... □ 
failed.) Q 

..... n 
n 



PART B - IRRIGATION 



PART A - CROPS HARVESTED from "THIS PLACE" In 1987. 



b. Small grain hay . 
c.Wild hay 



Nona 
D 

a 
n 



2. Com for grain or seed □ 

3. SoytMans for beans. . D 

4. Wheat for grain . . . . D 
B. Tobacco — all types □ 
6. Potatoes, Irish —lOa 



Acres 
han/ested 


Quantity hanrested 


Gross value of 
crop, SOW 1 


Dollan 


Cena 


,03 




dry 




00 






Ton.. 


» 


00 


..2 


dnT ■ 




00 


10» 




Ton.. 


7»S 


00 








00 








* 


00 








« 


00 




095 


» 


00 


..! '10 






• 


..00_ 



'•a^L's^is^ 


Nona 

. n 


Total acre. 


Doner. 


jcent. 


1 no 




1 00 


Sn.elf,f\ 




Ililill 




1 ,10 



8. All fruit and 
vineyards 

fzLr 



DollttTS 1 GeW 



''■'^sss^i.^^^^srsL^-.^^^^js^.^^"-'""-''^'^"' \ 


Crop name 


Code 


Acres 
harvested 


Quantity hannssted 


Gross value of 


1 Ooll». ;c«n. 








• 


$ 1 00 








' 


» LJJfi. 



Ciopnvne 

Bertey for grain (bushel.) . 
Com for silage or green chc 



Code I Crap ■ 

. 079 . Oats I _ 

. 070 ' Sorghum for gralrv-mlk) ( 



I (pounds! - SpeeffY . 



• PART B - NURSERY and GREENHOUSE CROPS GROWN FOR SALE 
on "THIS PLACE" In 1 987 

From the list below, enter the crop name and code for each crop grown. 



Code under glass c 



feHALTY FOR FAItUKC 



D-10 APPENDIX D 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



;mAibl.l|m livestock «nd POULTRY 
PART A - CATTLE and CALVES 



1 . CATTLE and CALVES of all agaa 

a. BEEF COWS - Ineludm bmat haltan that 



INVENTORY 
>(umb«onthl» 
c»0bc.31.1987 



• CATTLE and CALVES SOLD 
FROM THIS PLACE IN 1987 

Includm ma mold cattia moved from 
thia place to a faadlot for tunhar 
faadlne- 
Calves lest than 500 pounds 




. C*M« - Include calvas BOO pounds or mors [D 
a. Of ALL cattle sold, how many were 
FATTENED on this place on GRAIN or 
CONCENTRATES for 30 days or mors __, 

and SOLO for SLAUGHTER? □ 



PART B - HOGS and PIGS 



, HOGS and PIGS of all agas D 

a . HOGS and PIGS used or to b« used for breeding O 



INVENTORY 

Number on this 

place Dec. 31. 1987 



2. HOGS and PIGS SOLD from this 



■ Of the hogs and pigs sold, how many were __, 
sold es FEEDER PIGS for further feeding? . . □ 



PART C - SHEEP and LAMBS 



. SHEEP and LAMBS SHORN ^^' F*" 
in 1987 n I 



a . EWES 1 yeer old or older. 




a 



. What was the gross value of sales of "°"" 

SHEEP, LAMBS, and WOOL from thia ^ 

place In 19S7? D 



PART D - POULTRY 

. HENS and PUUETS 

• .HENSendPULLfTSofleylngBge 

b. PULLETS 3 months old or older not yet of 

Isylng age for layer replacement 

o. PULLETS under 3 months old for layar 
rsplacemem 



BROILERS, fryers, other meat-type chlckana . 

TURKEYS for slaughter (Do r»t<hcJurf.an>M*>r>.i 
OTHER POULTRY (Enter name/coda ftxm babw.l 



Number on 

this piece 

Dec. 31, 1987 




, Value of POULTRY and POULTRY 
PRODUCTS (eggs, etc.) sold from this place 
m 1987? 



• PART e - HORSES, O THER LIVE8TOCIC AniMAL SPECIALTIES, and OSH 

1 . Horaea and ponies 



of all agea 



4. Angora goata . . . .Q 
B. Other nvastocic, flah, 
animal products. 

tSntm name/code ' 



INVENTORY 



Total quantJty 
sold m 1987 



Gross velue of salea 



Ontt 



33 > Rabbits and ttnir peltl . . 8B4 ' Othar llvntock, nth, 
S« I OttWf goats 8»1 I and th«lr producls . . . 

Saaaiftjjfnl novPHWMBMT cee loawb 

Amount received In 1 987 from Govsmment CCC loa ns. Include rogular 



None 



1 . Amount received in cash 

2. Value of 
(PIK) or commodrty 



certificataa received — payment-ln-klnd 



1 . How many acres were aat aside (or diverted) under 
ANNUAL commodity acreage ad|uatment programs? . 

2 . How many acres were under the CONSERVATION 
RESERVE PROGRAM ( 1 year, CRP)7 



2. PRINCIPAL OCCUPATION - At which 
occupation did the operator spend the 
majorltv (60 percent or more) of his/her 
wortctlme In 1 987? For pannarahlpa conaldm 
of the partnerahtp together, .... 



ng 2 n Other 
ching 



. OFF-FARM WORK - How many days did the / , Q ^^ng 
operator work at least 4 hours per day off thia I r--i . .„ ^ 
place In 1 9877 -include wor* at a nonfarmlob. I 2 LJ 1-49 days 

n'a farm tor pay. IDo not /jD 60— 99 days 

J 4n 100-149 days 

I eD 150-199dav8 
V»D 200 days or more 



B. AGE of operator 



8. RACE of operator 



Years old 

1 D White 
2 EH Negro or Black 
jCH American Indian 
»□ Asian or Pacific 



, sD Other — 



8. SPANISH ORIGIN - Is the operator of Speniah 
origin or descent (Mexican, Puerto Rlcan, 
Cuban, or other Spaniah)? . 



SpecltY^ 
<D lUlale 2D Female 



iD Yes 



PERSON COMPLETINQ THIS REPORT - Plemaprint 



Jrr. 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-11 



INFORm^TIOSy SHEET 

1387 UNITED STATES CESMSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Special Reporting instructions ^*^^i,nrfZr^"^*"frJS^rJlH'^^™rr^^«™l^ ^^B7^ 

rporatlon, or organization 



. , B, we need to obtain INCLUDE in item 2: 

information about every CFN, 

a. Land for agricultural use that you rented from others 1 
2. Iff YoM Rocolvacfl RAoro Than One Report Form ffor t»n OparatJon ^ 

D. Land you worked on a share basis (crop or livestock^ 
Complete only ONE report form for an operation. Write "Duplicate" 

near the address label of each extra report form. Also, write the **• Land owned by someone else that you used rent-free 

1 1 -digit census file numberls) of the DUPLICATE reportisj ON THE _, ^ ^ . « 

COMPLETED REPORT in the space provided to the left of the address *■* ,_^^'!?L* St_«*®- Ind'an reservation, or railroad I 

! envelope with ^ 



DO NOT INCLUDE 

3. If You No Longer Farm Land used on a per 

If you had agricultural operations at any time during 1 387, please reservation permit 



all agricultural c 

Ali Land Rentod or Loased TO OTHERS — Include all 
d out for any purpose if it was part of the acreage reported 
and 2 . A report form will be obtained from each of your 



estock production and 1 987 sales. 



Explain on the first page of the report form (or on a separate sheet of te 

paper) that you quit farming or ranching and give the approximate 

date and the name and address of the present operator, if known. INCLUDE in item 3: 

4. If You Navar Farn^ed or Have No Association With Agriculture *- O^"®** '^"*^ rented to others for 

Pl«a«« «wrrt<. a r,r^*« ^n the report form near the address label explaining ^ . ^ 

m so that we can correct our records. In our *>- Land you rented from someone > 

from various sources. We tried to eliminate duplicate and nonfarm . _ . . , 

addresses, however, it was not always possible to do so. ^- ^a"" worked for you by someone for a share of crops or 

B. If You Have Mora Than Ona Agricultural Operation «f. Land which you allowed others to use rent-free 

^^^^*%^^ ° '^^^.°'^ ^°"^ *^' ^i^^^ SEPARATE and DISTINCT Item -» - Acres in "THIS PLACE" - This figure will show the 1 

^r™K« r^ *' '^■' e«cf? !"t^'y'<^'Ja" Ja-^"^. ranch feedk>t of all land you operated at any time in 19S7. 
greenhouse,_etc., or combination of farms, etc., for which you 

Perating expenses and sales. If item 4, Acres in "THIS PLACE" is "O" and: 
rop acreages, and production. 

a. You raised any crops or had any livestock or poultry on "THi 

ship Operation PLACE" in 1 987, complete the report. 

For the entire partnership's agricultural **• ^"jy°"l_'^,1^J^^^ "P^*^? 55*1' 

rtners' shares on the one ret ~ * — •. ^ - 
_> also operate separate farm' 

rship farming operation, separate . _, _ 

for each individual operation. *- "o" aid not have any agricultural activity on owned or rented 

land in 1 987, complete section 1 O and explain briefly, such as 

forms vi/ere received for the same operation. "retired," "sold farm," and date. Give name and address of 

forrrt as a "Duplicate." Return the duplicate current operator if known and return form. 

^ CFN of partnership^)" ' " ^ Section 3 — LAND USE AND IRRIGATION 

I'a or Contractor's Share "*"^'s section is used to classify the acres in "THIS PLACE" reported In 

section 2, item 4. Do not include any acres you rented to others 

or leased land from others or had a contract for the reported in section 2. item 3. The s 

F agricultural products, include both your share and the categonas should equal total acres in "THIS PLACE, 

contractor's share of the production, sales, and expenses . _■ . . _. - .. — .^ «. _ -^ 

js report form will be complete for "THIS PLACE." Land Used for Mora Than Ona Purpose — Do not 



» landlord's or contractors share, include your «"2 ^«3 ^sf^ * 

)u do not have records available for al! data '^"*^ only .n the 

stimate. '^a^A^iJem^'' " 

I Enter Your Response Double Croppj 

... the same land ir 

Write any explanation 

^^^ ^_ terplanted Crops 

required'*""^'* "^^ "** «..>«r«o in wnriiB ^r^M«r« . >- ex. . ^ a .^.- .v. . . 



\A/hen more l 



dollars. CENTS ARE NOT orchaVd, report the 1 

"Cropland harvested," in part > 



'' '%^\^^^}^'^- such as acres Skip Row Planted Crops — Report the acres that represent 



en 1/2 to 5/10, 1/3 to 3/10, 1/4 t 



pped row^s as "Cropla 
represent the planted r 




The census report form will com 

not apply to you. When this occurs, mark the "NoTie" or "No" 

Instructions For Specified Sections 

Section 2 — ACREAGE IN 1987 

he land <Acres In ►• Section 4 — CROPS 

This section provides space for reporting crops harvested durin 
ig the acreage questions, include the land associated the 1 987 crop year from the land shown in section 2, item -4 

jitural operations in 1 987 whether in production or (Acres in "THIS PLACE") of your report. A few crops are alread 

«r,i * ^ * l^" ^ Y^" owned or rented during 1 987 even If listed on the form. For these crops, just report acres harvested. 

only tor P^r^ ot the yeer. Do not include any unrelated residential or quantity harvested, and value of sales. If you produced 



al, and/or 



I land in section 2 In whole acres. of 



-C: U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1989— 2^2-303 



the na 
and report the acres harvested. 



D-12 APPENDIX D 1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



DO NOT INCLUDE: 



I TO OTHERS, or 



shares during 1987. 
•p products purchased from others and later sold. 
Enter the acres harvested in 1 987. Round 



Valua of Salae — Report the total 
sold or removed from "this place" 

ost of hauling 



best estimate of their market 
>o NOT report the value of sal 
IV you hut kept and sold from 



I place vou 



Corvtract and Custom Feedlno Operatic 



unit on the report form, pit 
harvested to the unit requ< 
December 31,1 987, please report 



•THIS PLACE 



•THIS PLACE' 
PLACE. 



included, these acres s 



:ing organizations 



the harvest was incomplete by 



e value of all crops sold from 
3 year they were harvested or 
OSS value before deducting 
: CCC loans received for 
ts received in 1987 from 

I on "THIS 



is report REGARDLESS OF OWNERSHIP. Report as 
"INVENTORY" numbers of animals or poultry on the place on 
December 31 , 1987. Report as "SOLD" animals and poultry kept < 
ustom basis and removed or sold from the place in 
F the sale price or market value is not known, give your best 
- • 3 market value of the animals or poultry when they le 



who furnished the housing and labor sh< 
ration on his/her report form regardless c 
Report as sold the number of | 
he piece in 1 987. 



; that have been abandoned 



of vegetables I 

ide those for 
production, 
ould not be 



sport all colonies or hives of I 
iTou. regardless of where the 
I vaar. Report hives or colonies, pound 



code number 
in the first two columns o 
<3> enter the information i 
you harvested a crop not I 



gross value < 



! interplanted cro 
r Crops — To report: 



i vines were interplanted with 
he orchard crop in item 8 and 
I the appropriate item. 



he crop name and the 
ter crop name and code 
vailable answer line under item 9: 

iTHER" code and specify 
>, use a separate sheet of 
quantity harvested, and 



Parts A. B, C, and O — LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY 
Animals and Poultry to Include In tha Report — Report all 
animals, poultry, and animal specialties on "this place" (section 2, 
item 4) on December 31 . 1987. Include all owned by you and any 
kept by you for others. Include animals on unfenced lands. National 
Forest land, district land, cooperative grazing association land, or 



If vou 

and value or sales. 

Other LIvostock and LIvastocIt 

livestock and livestock products manure, beeswax, and any other 
animal products sold from "this place" In 1987. Mink pelts and rabbll 
pelts should be included in number sold and value of sales, but not in 

Fish and Other Aquacultura Products — Report quantity sold and 
gross value of sales for each. 

AMOUNT RECEIVED FROM GOVERNIVIENT CCC 



LOANS 

Item 1 — Report the ai 
program for commodities placed 
Include amount received even if < 
forfeited prior to December 31 , 1 987 



under the regular or resc 
CCC loan during 1 987. 



listered by the Bur. 
animals on a short-. 



1 December 31 . 
be reported by i 



Section 7 — FEDER 

Report all payments r 
regardless of whethe 
certificates. Include c 

redemption of any ce 

Federal payments inc 



. PAYMENTS RECEIVED 



Dm Federal Farm Programs in 1987 
was made In cash or commodity 
snts in item 1 . In item 2, Include the 
the value received from sale or 
1 1987. 



ide receipts from Federal progra 
'Whole-Herd Dairy Buy-Out, ' 



I are to be included < 



Animals Bought and Sold - 



IIMALS 

lot included 



placed, by long-tern 
should be included. 



' retired from production a 
1 during and prior to 1 987 



*- Section 9 — CHARACTERISTICS AND OCCUPATION OF 



Numbar Sold — Report all animals and poultry sold t 
"this place" in 1 987, without regard to ownership Of 
the receipts. Include animals sold for a landlord or giv 
or others in trade or in payment for goods or services. 
number sold for any livestock or poultry kept on anoti 

Dairy Termination Program or "Whola-frfard Dairy Buy-Out 



on collects information about the 
I the individual owner. 






■ Individual Operation — Complete this section for the 



1987 fr 



item 1 . Dairy cattle c 



Aninvals Rflovad to Another F 

place" to another place, such c 
"sold" end give your best estir 



■ further feeding. 



Governmen 
moved from • 



For Partnership Oparatlons 



necessarily 



Senior Partner." The •'Senior 

ble for the agriculture 
age 



» partner share 



: decisions, considi 
'Senior Partner." For item 2 (Principal Occupe 

i of the partnership together. Please include 

nushroom production. 



DO NOT INCLUDE WITH FATTENED CATTLE SOLD: 

a. Cattle and calves sold for further feeding 

b. Dairy cows fed only the usual dairy ration before being sold 

c. Veal calves, or any calves weighing less than 500 pounds 



For Corporation and Other Opera' 
etc.) — Complete section 9 ' 
manager, business manage 



person in charge. 



I primarily re; 



I — Report the Tirsl 
3 operate any part 
itor returned 



place previously 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



APPENDIX D D-13 



INDEX 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



Abnormal farms 

Acreage reduction 

program 

Age of operator 

Agricultural products sold, 

market value 

Agricultural services 

income 

Alfalfa hay 

Alfalfa seed 

Almonds 

American Indian 

operator 

Angora goats 

Apples 

Apricots 

Aquacultural products . . 

Artichokes 

Asian or Pacific Islander 

operator 

Asparagus 

Assets, value 

Austrian winter peas .... 
Avocados 

B 

Bahia grass seed 

Balers, pickup 

Bananas 

Barley for grain 

Barley for grain sales, 

value 

Beans, dry edible 

Beans, dry lima 

Beans, green lima 

Beans, snap (bush and 

pole) 

Beans, soybeans 

Bedding plants 

Beef cows 

Bees, colonies 

Beets, sugar 

Beets, table 

Bentgrass seed 

Bermuda grass seed. . . . 

Berries 

Birdsfoot trefoil seed . . . 

Blackberries 

Black operators and other 

races 

Blueberries 



7,10,48-53 
1,16,48-53 

1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

5,48-53 

43,44,48-53 

43,44 

45,48-53 

17 
41 
45,48-53 
42 
41 



1,10,1( 



17 


34 


- 


27 


1,10-12,18, 


1,5,8,16 


47,48-53 




- 


26 


45 


28 



13,48-53 

45 

1,42-44,48-53 

2,48-53 
42-44,48-53 



44,48-53 

1,42-44,48-53 

46 

1,20,25,29,48-53 

41 

42-44,48-53 



42,44,48-53 



16,17,48-53 
44 



26 

8 

28 

1,15,16,24 

2,16 

15,16,25 

25 

27 

27 

1,15,16,25 

30 

1,11,16 

20 

1,15,16,25 

27 

26 

26 

29 

26 

29 

32-34 
29 



B— Con. 

Bluegrass seed, 

Kentucky 

Boysenberries 

Breeding hogs and 

pigs 

Broccoli 

Broilers 

Bromegrass seed 

Brussels sprouts 

Buckwheat 

Bulbs 

Bulls, bull calves, steers 

and steer calves 

Burros, donkeys, and 

mules 

C 

Cabbage 

Cantaloups 

Carrots 

Cash, government farm 
programs payments . . 

Cash rent, expenses... 

Cash rent or share 
payments received, 
farm-related income . . , 

Catfish sales 

Cattle and calves 

Cattle and calves sales, 
value 

Cauliflower 

Celery 

Certificates, govern- 
ment farm programs 
payments 

Chemicals, expenses . . . 

Chemicals used 

Cherries 

Chickens 3 months old 
or older 

Chicory 

Chinese cabbage 

Chinese or ming peas . . 

Christmas trees and 
forest products sales, 
farm-related income . . . 

Citrus fruit 

Clover seed 

Coffee 

Collards 

Colonies of bees 

Combines, grain and 
bean, all types 



32,48-53 
1,20-22.48-53 

46 

20,25,48-53 

41 



3,10,48-53 



5,48-53 



1,10,20,25,27,47, 

48-53 

2,20,26,31,47, 

48-53 



1,3,10,15,47,48-53 
15,48-53 
45,48-53 

1,20,21,23.48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



5,48-53 


4 


45,48-53 


28 


- 


26 


45 


28 


- 


27 


41 


20 


13,48-53 


16 




INDEX 1 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



State 
tables 



C— Con. 

Commercially mixed for- 
mula feed purchased . . 

Commodity Credit 
Corporation loans 

Conservation reserve 
programs 

Contract labor expenses 

Corn, field 



Corn for grain sales, 
value 

Corn, sweet 

Corn, sweet, for seed. . . 

Corporation, family 
held 

Corporation, nonfamily 
held 

Corporation, type of 
organization 

Cotton 

Cotton sales, value 

Cottonpickers and 
strippers 

Cowpeas for dry peas . . 

Cowpeas, green 

Cows and heifers that 
had calved 

Cranberries 

Cropland diverted, set 
aside 

Cropland for cover crops, 
legumes, and soil- 
improvement grasses. . 

Cropland harvested 



Cropland harvested, 
irrigated 

Cropland idle 

Cropland in cultivated 
summer fallow 

Cropland on which all 
crops failed 

Cropland pastured 

Cropland total 

Crops, farms reporting, 
acres, production 

Cucumbers 

Currants 

Customwork, machine 
hire, and rental of 
machinery and equip- 
ment, expenses 

Customwork and other 
agricultural services, 
farm-related income . . , 



1,3,48-53 

6,10,48-53 

7,10,48-53 

3,10,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 



2,48-53 
44,48-53 



16,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

1,42,44,47,48-53 

2,47,48-53 



20,25,48-53 
44 



7,10,48-53 



7,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,42, 

47,48-53 

8-10 
7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

7,48-53 

1,7,10,47,48-53 

42 
44 



3,10,48-53 
5,48-53 



3,16 



5 

3,16 

1,15,16, 

24,31 

2,16 
27 
31 

10,16 

10,16 



1,15,16,25 
2,16 

8 
25 
27 



Daikon 

Dairy cows (milk cows) . 

Dairy products sales, 

value 

Dates 

Dewberries 

Diesel fuel expenses . . . 

Dill for oil 

Disease control in 

crops and orchards.... 
Donkeys, burros, and 

mules 

Ducks 

Ducks, geese, and other 

poultry 



11,16 
29 



5 

1,3,5,6, 

10,15,16 

7 
5 



5 

5 

1,5,16 

15,16 
27 
29 



Eggplant 

Electricity expenses. 
Emmer and spelt. . . . 

Endive 

Equipment and 

machinery 

Escarole 

Ewes 1 year old or 

older 

Expenses, farm 

production 



3,1( 



16 



Family held 

corporations 

Family or individual, 

type of organization . . . 
Farm-related income. . . . 
Farms by age and 

principal occupation 

of operator 

Farms by size of farm . . 
Farms by standard 

industrial classification 
Farms by tenure of 

operator 

Farms by type of 

organization 

Farms by value of 

agricultural products 

sold 

Farms, number 



Fattened cattle sales 
Feed purchased 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 
48-53 



15,48-53 
41 



10,47,48-53 

1,10,12,18,47,48-53 

38 
1,3,10,47,48-53 

48-53 

1,16,48-53 
5,48-53 

16,48-53 
8,47,48-53 

18,48-53 

16,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 

1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

26,29,31,48-53 

1,3,47,48-53 



2 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



F— Con. 

Feeder pigs sales 

Female operators 

Fertilizer applied 

Fertilizer expenses 

Fescue seed 

Field seed crops 

Figs 

Filberts 

Fish sales 

Flaxseed 

Florist greens and 

flowers, cut 

Flower and vegetable 

seeds 

Flowering plants, 

potted 

Flowers and florist 

greens, cut 

Foliage plants 

Forest products and 

Christmas trees sales, 

farm-related income . . . 

Foxtail millet seed 

Fruit crops 

Fruits, nuts, and berries 

sales, value 

Fuel oil, kerosene, motor 

oil, grease, LP gas, etc., 

expenses 

Full owners 

G 

Garlic 

Gas, natural, expenses . 

Gasoline and other 
petroleum fuel and oil 
expenses 

Gasoline expenses 

Geese 

Geese, ducks, and 

other poultry 

Ginger root 

Goat milk sales 

Goats 

Goats, Angora 

Goats, milk 

Goats, other 

Government farm 
programs payments . . . 

Grain hay 

Grain sales, value 

Grains 

Grapefruit 



20,33,35-37,48-53 

16,17,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,10,15,47,48-53 

44 

44,48-53 

45 

41 

42,44,48-53 

46 



46 
46 

5,48-53 

45 

2,47,48-53 



14,48-53 
16,48-53 



14,48-53 



14,48-53 
14,48-53 



41 

41 
41,48-53 
41 
41 
41 

5,10,47,48-53 

43,44 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

45 



12 
10 
9 
3,16 
26 
26 
28 
28 
21 
24 

30 



4 

26 

15,16,28 

2,16 



10,1( 



3,16 

3 

22 

14,22 
31 
17 
23 
23 
17 
23 

4 

26 

2,16 

16 

28 



G— Con. 

Grapes 

Grass silage, haylage, 
and green chop hay . . . 

Grazing permits 

Grease, LP gas, fuel 
oil, kerosene, motor oil, 
etc., expenses 

Greenhouse crops 

Greenhouse vegetables 

Guar 

Guavas 

H 

Hatcheries 

Hay crops 

Hay, silage, and field 

seeds sales, value 

Haylage, grass silage, and 

green chop hay 

Hazelnuts 

Heifers and heifer 

calves 

Hens and pullets of 

laying age 

Herbs 

Hired farm labor 

expenses 

Hogs and pigs 

Hogs and pigs sales, 

value 

Hogs, litters farrowed . . . 

Honey sales 

Honey tangerines 

Honeydew melons 

Hops 

Horses and ponies 

I 



Income from farm-related 

sources 

Income, see net cash 

return 

Individual or family, type 

of organization 

Insects, chemical 

control 

Interest, debt not secured 

by real estate 

Interest, debt secured 

by real estate 

Interest expenses 



45,48-53 
43,44 



14,48-53 

42,46 

46 



45 



1 ,42-44,48-53 
2,47,48-53 



2,20, 



43,44 
45 



20,25,48-53 
20,21,48-53 



3,10,47,48-53 

,10,20,32,35,47, 

48-53 

33.36,47,48-53 
34,37,48-53 
41 



44 
20,41 ,48-53 



5,48-53 

4,48-53 

1,16,48-53 

15,48-53 

3,48-53 

3,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 3 



INDEX— Con. 



(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



I— Con. 

Irish potatoes 

Irrigated farms and 
acres 

J 

Jojoba 

K 

Kale 

Kentucky bluegrass 
seed 

Kerosene, motor oil, 
grease, LP gas, fuel oil, 
etc., expenses 

Kiwifruit 

Kumquats 

L 

Labor expenses 

Land and buildings, 

value 

Land in farms 

Land owned 

Land rented from others 
Land rented to others . . 
Land set aside in federal 

farm programs 

Land use 

Lemons 

Lentils 

Lespedeza seed 

Lettuce and romaine.... 

Lima beans, dry 

Lima beans, green 

Lime applied 

Limes 

Litters farrowed 

Livestock and livestock 

products sold 

Livestock and poultry . . . 
Livestock and poultry 

purchased 

Livestock, poultry, and 

their products sales, 

value 

Loans, Commodity Credit 

Corporation 

Loganberries 

Lotus root 

LP gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

motor oil, grease, etc., 

expenses 



1 ,42-44,48-53 
1,8-10 



44 
14,48-53 



1,15,16,25 
1.7 



27 



26 



1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


1,10,11,47,48-53 


5,16 


1,7,8,10,16,18,47, 


1,5,10,16 


48-53 




10,48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


48-53 


- 


7,10,48-53 


1 


7,8,10,47,48-53 


5 


45 


28 


44 


25 


- 


26 


44 


27 


_ 


25 


- 


27 


15,48-53 


9 


- 


28 


34,37,48-53 


12 


20 


_ 


20 


1,16 


1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


1,2,10,18,20,47 


1,2,16 


6,10,48-53 


4 



M 

Macadamia nuts 

Machine hire, rental 
of machinery and equip- 
ment, and customwork 
expenses 

Machinery and 
equipment 

Male operators 

Mangoes 

Melons 

Milk cows (dairy cows) . 

Milk goats 

Millet, proso 

Millet seed, foxtail 

Mink and their pelts 

Mint for oil 

Mohair sales 

Motor oil, grease, LP 

gas, fuel oil, kerosene, 

etc., expenses 

Motortrucks, including 

pickups 

Mower conditioners 

Mules, burros, and 

donkeys 

Mungbeans for beans . . 

Mushrooms 

Mustard cabbage 

Mustard greens 

Mustard seed 

N 

Natural gas expenses . . 

Nectarines 

Nematode control in 

crops 

Net cash return from 

agricultural sales 

Nonfamily held 

corporations 

Number of farms 

Nursery and greenhouse 
crops 

Nursery and greenhouse 
crops sales, value .... 

Nursery crops-shrubs, 
trees, etc 

O 

Oat sales, value 

Oats for grain 

Occupation of operator . 



45 



,10,12,18,47,48-53 
16,17,48-53 



1,10,20,25,30,47, 

48-53 

41 



41 
44 
41 

14,48-53 

13,48-53 
13,48-53 

41 

46 



14,48-53 

15,48-53 

4,48-53 

16,48-53 

1.7,8,10,16,18,47, 

48-53 

42,46 

2,42,46,47,48-53 

46 



2,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

1,16,48-53 



4 SNDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



State 
tables 



O— Con. 

Off-farm work by 
operator 

Okra 

Olives 

Onions, dry and green.. 

Operator characteristics- 
residence, age, race, 
occupation, off-farm 
work, sex, Spanish 
origin, years on 
present farm 

Oranges 

Orchardgrass seed 

Orchards 

Organization of farm . . . . 

Other farm production 
expenses 

Other field crops sales, 
value 

Other grains sales, value 

Other livestock and live- 
stock products sales, 
value 

Other poultry 

Owned land 

P 

Papayas 

Parsley 

Part owners 

Partnership, type of 

organization 

Passion fruit 

Pastureland and grazing 

land 

Pastureland and other 

land irrigated 

Payroll expenses 

Peaches 

Peanuts for nuts 

Pears 

Peas, Austrian winter . . . 
Peas, Chinese or ming . 

Peas, dry edible 

Peas, green 

Pecans 

Peppers 

Persimmons 

Petroleum products 

expenses 

Pheasants 

Pickup balers 

Pigeons or squab 



2,47,48-53 
10,48-53 



45 
16,48-53 



3,10,14.48-53 
13,48-53 



1,10,16 
27 



27 



16,17,48-53 
45 

1,42-44,48-53 
1,16,48-53 


10,16 

28 

26 

1,15,16,28 

10,16 


5,48-53 


3,16 


2,48-53 
2,48-53 


2,16 
2,16 



2,16 
22 



28 

27 

10,16 



1,16,48-53 


10,16 


- 


28 


7,48-53 


5 


9 


7 


1,3,10,47,48-53 


3,16 


45,48-53 


28 


42-44,48-53 


1,15,16,25 


45 


28 


_ 


26 


- 


27 


44 


25 


44,48-53 


27 


45,48-53 


28, 


_ 


27 


- 


28 



3,16 
22 



22 



P— Con. 

Pimientos 

Pineapples 

Pistachios 

Plums 

Pomegranates 

Ponies and horses .... 

Popcorn 

Potatoes, Irish 

Potatoes, sweet 

Poultry and poultry 

products sales, value 

Poultry hatched 

Principal occupation 

of operator 

Production expenses . 
Property taxes, 

expenses 

Proso millet 

Prunes 

Pullets 

Pumpkins 

Q 

Quail 



Rabbits and their pelts . 

Race of operator 

Radishes 

Rangeland 

Rapeseed 

Raspberries 

Redtop seed 

Rent paid in cash, 
expenses 

Rent received, farm- 
related income 

Repair and maintenance 
expenses 

Residence of operator. . 

Rhubarb 

Rice 

Romaine and lettuce . . . 

Rye for grain 

Ryegrass seed 

S 

Safflower 

Sales of agricultural 
products 



1 ,42,44,48-53 

,45 

20,41,48-53 

44 

1,42-44,48-53 

42.44,48-53 

2,20,48-53 



1,16,48-53 
1,3,10,47,48-53 

3,10,48-53 
44 
45 
22 



41 
16,48-53 

7.48-53 

44 

3,10,48-53 

5,48-53 

3,10,48-53 
16,48-53 

1,42-44.48-53 

44 

42,44 

44 



1,2,10,18,47,48-53 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



INDEX 5 



INDEX— Con. 

(Index items not reported for the State will not appear in designated tables) 



Item 



State 
tables 



County 
tables 



Item 



State 
tables 



S— Con. 



Salt hay 

Seeds, bulbs, plants, and 

trees purchased 

Set aside programs, 

acreage 

Sex of operator 

Shallots 

Sheep and lambs 

Sheep and lambs shorn 
Sheep, lambs, and wool 

sales, value 

Size of farm, average. . . 

Small grain hay 

Snap beans, bush and 

pole 

Sod 

Sorghum 



Sorghum for grain sales, 

value 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), dry 

Southern peas 

(cowpeas), green 

Soybeans 

Soybeans sales, value.. 
Spanish origin, 

operators of 

Spelt and emmer 

Spinach 

Squash 

Standard industrial 

classification of farms . 
Steers, steer calves, bulls, 

and bull calves 

Strawberries 

Sudangrass seed 

Sugar beets 

Sugarcane 

Sunflower seed 

Sweet corn 

Sweet corn for seed . . . . 
Sweet potatoes 



Tame dry hay 

Tangelos 

Tangerines 

Taro 

Taxes, property, 

expenses 

Tenant operated farms 



3,10,48-53 

7,10,48-53 
16,17,48-53 

10,20,38,39,48-53 
38,48-53 

2,20,38,47,48-53 

1 ,48-53 

43,44 

44,48-53 

46 

1 ,42-44,48-53 



2,48-53 



1,42-44,48-53 
2,48-53 



16,17,48-53 



18,48-53 

20,25,48-53 
43,44 

42-44,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

1,42,44,48-53 

44,48-53 

42,44,48-53 



43,44 



5,48-53 
16,48-53 



31 

3 

5 

10 

27 

1,13,16 

13 

2,13,16 

1,16 

26 

27 

30 

1,15,16,24 

26,31 

2,16 

25 

27 

1,15,16,25 

2,16 

35 
24 
27 
27 

2,16 

11,16 

29 

26 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,25 

1,15,16,24 

27 

31 

25 



16,26 
28 
28 
31 



T— Con. 



Tenure of operator.... 

Timothy seed 

Tobacco 

Tobacco sales, value . 

Tomatoes 

Tractors, wheel 

Triticale 

Trout sales 

Trucks, including 

pickups 

Turkeys 

Turnip greens 

Turnips 

Type of farm 

Type of organization . 



Value of agricultural 
products sold 

Value of land and 
buildings 

Value of machinery 
and equipment 

Vegetable and flower 



Vegetables, greenhouse 
Vegetables harvested for 

sale 

Vegetables, sweet corn, 

and melons sales, value 
Vetch seed 



W 



Walnuts, English .... 

Watercress 

Watermelons 

Weeds, chemical 

control 

Wheat for grain 

Wheat sales, value . 
Wheatgrass seed . . . 

Wheel tractors 

Wild hay 

Wild rice 

Woodland 

Wool, pounds shorn 
Work off-farm by 

operator 



3 
10,16 



Years on present farm. 



16,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

44,48-53 

13,48-53 



13,48-53 
20,21,24,48-53 



18,48-53 
1,16,48-53 



,10,18,47,48-53 

1,10,18,48-53 

,12,18,47,48-53 

46 
46 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,47,48-53 

45,48-53 

44 

15,48-53 

1 ,42-44,48-53 

2,48-53 

13,48-53 
43,44 

1,7,48-53 
38,48-53 



47,48-53 



6 INDEX 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 



Census of 
Agriculture 




Statistical Data 
for all Counties, 
States, and the 
United States. 

(Printed Reports, Computer Tapes, 
Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM) 
Diskettes) 




For further information call (301) 763-1113 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

llllllliflilllllilll 
3 9999 06313 573 3 



PUBLICATION PROGRAM 



1987 CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE 

Results of the 1987 Census of Agriculture are being published 
In a series of reports which provide data for each county (or 
equivalent), each State, the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, 
the Virgin Islands of the United States, American Samoa, and the 
Northern Mariana Islands. The publications include statistics on 
the number of farms; land in farms; farm and operator character- 
istics; livestock, poultry, and their products; crop production and 
value; operating expenditures; irrigation; and other characteris- 
tics of farms. 

Publication order forms may be obtained from Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233, any U.S. Department of Commerce 
district office, or by calling (301) 763-1 113. 

ADVANCE REPORTS (AC87-A-01 -000(A) TO 56-000(A) 

Advance Reports are published separately for each county (or 
equivalent) in the United States with 10 farms or more, for each 
State, and the United States. The reports contain data for all 
agricultural operations with $1,000 or more in actual or potential 
sales of agricultural products in the census year. The Advance 
Reports contain final data for major data items together with 
comparable data from the 1982 census. Included in the reports 
are data on number of farms, land in farms, size of farms, land 
use practices, farm operator characteristics, sales expenditures, 
machinery and equipment, livestock, poultry, dairy products sold, 
and major crops harvested (which vary by State). No advance 
reports are available for Puerto Rico, Guam, or the U.S. Virgin 
Islands. 

VOLUME 1. GEOGRAPHIC AREA SERIES 
(AC87-A-1 TO 56) 

State and County Data (A-1 to 50) are published showing 
detailed data in national and State tables for the United States, 
and in county and State tables separately for each State. These 
reports include data on number and size of farms; crop produc- 
tion; livestock, poultry, and their products; tenure, age, and 
occupation of operators; types of organization; value of products 
sold; and standard industrial classification of farms. 

Summary and State Data (A-51) 

• Chapter 1. National level data 

• Chapter 2. State level data 

Outlying Areas (A-52 to 56) provide detailed data for the 
regions and municipios of Puerto Rico; the election districts of 
Guam; the U.S. Virgin Islands; American Samoa; and Northern 
Mariana Islands. 

VOLUME 2. SUBJECT SERIES (AC87-S-1 TO 6) 

Agricultural Atlas of the United States (AC87-S-1), formerly 
the Graphic Summary, presents a profile of the Nation's agricul- 
ture in a series of dot and multicolor pattern maps. The maps 
provide displays on size and type of farm, land use, farm tenure, 
market value of products sold, crops harvested, livestock inven- 
tories, and other characteristics of farms. 

Coverage Evaluation (AC87-S-2) provides national and regional 
level estimates on the completeness of the census, in terms of 
both the number of farms missed and selected characteristics of 
those farms. 

Ranking of States and Counties (AC87-S-3) presents the 
ranking of the top 20 States and the top 100 counties of 
importance of selected items from the 1 987 census. Comparative 
data from the 1982 census are included in most tables. Tables 
also show cumulative totals for States and counties. 



History (AC87-S-4) is a concise description of the major 
census operations together with facsimiles of selected data 
tables. It explains the history of the agriculture census, farm 
definition, data collection and processing, and dissemination of 
census data. 

Government Payments and Market Value of Agricultural 
Products Sold (AC87-S-5) shows detailed data for farms cross- 
tabulated by combined market value of agricultural products sold 
and Government payments received, including detailed national 
data and selected data for each State. 

ZIP Code Tabulations of Selected Items From the 1987 
Census of Agriculture (AC87-S-6) provides tabulations by five- 
digit ZIP Code for selected items from the 1987 census. Data 
items include number of farms, land in farms, farms by size, 
market value of agricultural products sold by size of sale, 
livestock inventory, cropland harvested, and selected crops. 

VOLUME 3. RELATED SURVEYS (AC87-RS-1 AND 2) 

The Farm and Ranch Irrigation Survey (AC87-RS-1) pro- 
vides statistical data collected from a sample of farm operations 
from the 1987 Census of Agriculture. The publication offers 
information on acres irrigated, land use, yields of specified crops, 
methods of water distribution, quantity of water used by its 
source, and other irrigation practices. 

Agricultural Economics and Land Ownership Survey (AC87- 
RS-2) provides data on indebtedness, expenditures, income and 
assets for both farm operators and landlords. This report also 
includes measures of credit used for purchases and expendi- 
tures, debt by type of lender, assets, off-farm income, and other 
land ownership data. 

VOLUME 4. CENSUS OF HORTICULTURAL 
SPECIALTIES (AC87-HOR-1) 

This report includes detailed information on the horticultural 
establishments with production and sales of $2,000 or more. It 
provides data on number of establishments, value of sales of 
horticultural products, type of horticultural products, and kinds of 
horticultural businesses, for the United States, States, and 
counties. 

ELECTRONIC MEDIA 

Flexible Diskette— The Advance Reports of the 1 987 Census 
of Agriculture are available on flexible diskettes. The files can be 
used with any compatible microcomputer employing the PC-DOS 
2.0 or higher operating system. Diskettes can be obtained by 
calling (301) 763-4100. 

Computer Tapes— Public-use computer tapes contain the 
same summary statistics that are found in the published reports. 
Two files are available for each State: data for counties and the 
aggregated State-level data. Order forms may be obtained from 
the Data User Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of 
the Census, Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM)— Data for the 
conterminous United States and Puerto Rico are available on 
CD-ROM. The CD-ROM can be obtained from the Data User 
Services Division, Customer Services, Bureau of the Census, 
Washington, DC 20233 (or call (301) 763-4100). 

Online Access— National and State level data from the 1 987 
Census of Agriculture are available on CENDATA through two 
information vendors — CompuServe and DIALOG. In addition, the 
advance reports, highlights of the Subject Series, and Related 
Surveys reports, are available online from AGRIDATA. For infor- 
mation on these services call (301) 763-4100.