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Full text of "The rock of wisdom : an explanation of the sacred Scriptures"

LIBRARY OF 





KEITH M.READ 

CONFEDERATE 

COLLECTION 



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115868 

MAY 8 1MI 




IRIEV™ MoCoWi (CA_£0^(T_)__To 
«, * 

The true Ministers are Instruments indeed, m order to 
spread the Cement of 'Brotherly Bore which unites us 
in one Sacred Band; and so let us all agree and work in 
peace. Ps.133 _ Ajui so remember me: this denotes the Angel 
in the bush, and the Star in the Bast. Exoa.3rd.ch.2ndLVcr_Mit.ist 

Ch.7_-* 10lh.Vec_.Tlev: lstCh. 16th.*L_0thL. Verse. 

, ■- . 



THE 



'ROGKE OF "WISDOMS 



AN EXPLANATION OF THE SAGRED SCRIPTURES, 



BY THE 



WMf» He a QAHHOfTB 



(A. J&AXt OF COZiOXt.: 



TO WHICH ARE ADDED SEVERAL 



INTERESTING HYMNS. 



1833. 



Nor.THCK!. Di=ti;u:t or iNi.'v,--i of.k, To w if. : 

Bk it remembered that on the first day of Apiii, Anno Domini, 
i8:)3, Rev. N. C. Cannon, of the said District, hath depos ?.A in this 
Office the tide of a Book, , the title of which is in the woids follow- 
ing, to wit : 

"The Rock of Wisdom ;— an explanation of the Sacred Scrip- 
•nres, by the Rev. N. C. Cannon, (a man of color,) to which are 
added scveial interesting hymns." 

The right '.vhercof he claims as Author and Proprietor. In con- 
formity with an Act of Congiess entitled An Act to amend the sev- 
eral Acts rc^ie-.tincr Com Rights. ; 
"' ' RUTGER B. MILLER. Clerk 
of ih.r Kn-'hrrv District of N"ir-Yorl:. 



TO THE READER. 

Tins Huh; book is for the more wise to give counsel, 
wherein f fail, and the more ignorant stumble, for want 
of knowledge, for we must first learn what is right and 
then pursue it; I have no doubt that when this come.'! 
before the face of the public there may be many misrep- 
resentations on this subject, but my soul is at stake for I 
stand as a minister of God, 2 Tim. 4 c. 1, 2 v and some 
may reject this on the account of my being a descendant 
of Ethiopia, and if so, then you may anticipate the feeling 
of your unworthy author ; and he is well aware of the 
particular prejudice that still seems to exist from some 
whites towards that nation of people which is called Ethio- 
pians, but my earnest prayer to God is that the time may 
soon come when that overruling prejudice of sin will die 
among all nations, and that the pure love of God may 
spring up in every heart and shine as the morning star, 
and that the Gospel may bear on the prejudice of man, 
and I feel it necessary to place my dependence upon 
the great Rock of Ages, in whose name and with whose 
words I come to you this day. 

J choose to dedicate this little treaties to you, because 
sometimes those providences which appear rather out of 
the common line, are hard nuts in the mouth of a weak 
believer; but some of you have known me from the be- 
ginning and have been eye witnesses of most of the facts 
which I am going to relate, and if you will allow me to 
«make an honest confession. My conscience has often 
lashed me for not keeping a diary, or rather minuteing 
down the many conspicuous providences of God, which 
have appeared to me in times of trouble ; but like ungrate- 
ful Israel, I went the only way to forget his work and to 
be unmindful of the rock of my salvation, and now I 
have nothing to trust to, on this creation but my own 
treacherous memory, unless the Lord be pleased to send 
the comforter to me, and if he comes he will bring all things 
to my remembrance, whatever God hath said unto me in 
the way of providence. I am sure the earth is the Lord's 
and the fulness thereof, the world and all that is thereon, 
all the cattle of the forest are his and so are the flocks of 
a thousand hills, yea, the corn and the wine, the oil there. 
of, and the flax ; yea, the wicked deceiver as well as the 



deceived are the Lord's, and it is lie that maketh one maw 
poor and another rich, that bringeth down and lifteth up, 
and no man can add to the fixed statute of God whether 
the statute be in grace or providence. The battle, saith 
the wise man, is not to the strong nor the race to the swift, 
nor bread to men of skill, the weak are often sure to win 
the field and the cripple to win the heavenly race, and 
even fools to accumulate the greatest fortunes. There is 
no adding a cubit to the statute even in the least circum- 
stance, then why take ye thought for the rest ? and now 
the reader will please to take notice by pursuing these 
pages, that it should be attended by much prayer ; feeling 
myself small among men and particularly to the learned, 
when considering my inability ; I can make out to write my 
name, but being impressed by the spirit of God for some 
years to set before you life and death, in the way of a 
small treatise, and I hope that it will prove the happy pow- 
er of God unto salvation to many souls. Many of the 
readers of this pamphlet may suppose this attempt was 
attended with a great deal of self, but my blessed master 
who stands at the helm of affairs to them that love and 
serve him, I often times say, as Moses said, " thou God 
seest me," also it is likely this treatise may fall into the 
hands of the critic, if so I pray to my God while he is 
a criticising that God may break down his obdurate heart 
if not a christian, and that his chains may fly off although 
they are made fast by the devil, likeunto the man that 
Christ spake unto "come out of the man thou unclean 
spirit," see Mark 3 ch. 8 vs. also this treatise may fall 
into the hands of some enemy to the cross of Christ, if 
so, I hope they will take in consideration the things that 
makes for their everlasting peace, now hold fast all things 
that are good, and if there is any thing that will not be 
beneficial throw it away and do not stumble over it and 
go down to hell, for I love your souls although I am of 
the Ethiopian race, and never had the chance of being; 
taught in the Colleges or Academies and taught the rudi- 
ments and sciences &c. unlike to Paul who was brought 
up at the feet of Gamaliel, one of the judges of the San- 
hedren, neither like our great men of America who have 
been taught all these rudiments and are now capa- 
ble of taking their station in any department of life 



C * ] 

standing at the head of affairs ; but such as my God gave 
unto me, I will with all pleasure give it unto you so that 
you may stand fast in the liberty where Christ has made 
you free, for these things are commanded, and let no man 
despise thy youth but be thou an example of the believ- 
ers in word in conversation in charity, in spirit, in faith, 
in purity, see Tim. 4 en. 11, 12 vs. 1 have one more re-, 
questing desire in my heart that has been there may years, 
ever since I began preaching the gospel, which has never 
yet been granted though I really believe it will in God's 
own time and way, and when it is accomplished perhaps 
my dear friends may hear from me again, till then farewell, 
be of good comfort, live in peace and the God of peace 
shall be with you, amen, amen. 

Even thine in faith and affection, 

N. CALWELL CANNON. 



CERTIFICATE OF DR. J. SPANGLES, OP ZANESVILLE, OHIO. 

I do hereby certify that the Rev. N. C. Cannon, a min- 
ister of color in the Methodist Episcopal church, was 
from the fore part of July 1826, confined to his bed and 
room for a considerable length of time in consequence of 
serious indisposition, and that he, the said N. C. Cannon, 
took considerable medicine, during which time I attended 
to him, and I further certify that he was necessarily con- 
fined for a greater length of time than above stated, at a 
time when 1 was unable to attend to him owing to absence, 
his general health during the summer of 1.826 was gen- 
erally precarious, every time I saw him which was very 
frequently. J. SPANGLES. • 

March 27, 1S27. 



CERTIFICATE OF DR. D. \V. RHODES, OF ZANESVILLE, OHIO. 

I hereby certify that I was called upon and did attend 
N. C. Cannon, a preacher belonging to the Methodist Af- 
rican church, sometimelast July or August, (having made 
no charge against him the length of time I do not' recol- 
lect,) and that he was then laboring nndef a severe affec- 
tion of his bowels, so much so as to prevent him from 
attending to any business at that time. * 

D. W. RHODES. 

Zanesville, March 28, 1827. (Aa) 



BIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR. 



The author of this small treatise thought proper to 
give a small sketch of his life while residing at home with 
his father in the county of Sussex, State of Delaware. 

My Father, B Cannon, who was born in the same 
county together with my mother,who both enjoyed the love 
of God at an early period of life and often endeavored 
to instill upon my mind the great advantage of making 
prayer unto my maker, which lovely instruction often 
reached my heart, I still lived a good while in a moral 
state and thought I was good enough and so procrastina- 
ted the time until I was about or between fourteen and 
fifteen ye;>rs of age, I then took their advice that there 
must be something besides living in a moral stale, and I 
being in a class meeting on one Thursday I heard the ex- 
perience of a young girl about fourteen years of a<xc, 
which deeply impressed my mind more, that I must be 
born again or never see God's face in glory ; under this 
conviction 1 went with a bowed down head like a bullrush 
until I was about sixteen years of age, it pleased the Al- 
mighty to speak peace to my soul through the experience 
of the child and preaching of the gospel of our Lord 
Jesus Christ My father lived until the Cth of January, 
1813, and departed this life triumphantly in the faith, and 
I believe this day he is in Heaven, and he gave me 
this advice on his death bed, to follow his example set be- 
fore me and to keep Christ in my heart if I traveled far or 
near, that I would always find friends ; after the death of 
my father 1 lived in the same county about three years, J 
took a notion to go on the water for the space of one 
year in which I did keep Christ my foremost object 
in life all the time, and then I went to Philadelphia and 
j pined the society, and at last I was called on to take 



L 7 J 

charge of a class, from that I passed the quarterly conler- 
ence for an exhorter, and after that received license to 
preach and joined the travelling connexion. But here I 
would wish to give some moving causes before I joined 
the itineracy as a preacher. 

After my conversion 1 was deeply impressed to go and 
preach the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, in which I 
disobeyed on the account of feeling not competent because 
1 could not read very well, but that condemnation it ap- 
pears was always in me, by these means I delayed my 
time, at last I started to go a journey and I was stopped 
by a thundergust and was caused to stop at a friends house, 
I was more affrighted when I recollected that a man and 
one child was killed in the same house by lightening,and I 
thought of my disobeying my master's call, that he wa> 
about to do me the same, I scarcely could pray, however 
I went to bed in the name of the Lord and went to sleep, 
an augel came unto my bed side in a vision to me, he ap- 
peared to have a candle about two feet long, tapped me 
on the shoulder and said arise and go with me, and I 
arose and sensible when I went out of the door and I 
came on a walk about four feet wide, and it; appeared to 
be solid pold, on each side stood popular trees about thret: 
feet apart, and it appeared to reach to the heavens ; on 
viewing the sight I was lost in astonishment, I wondered 
what part of the country I was in that 1 ever saw the like, 
I thought of the western part of the country, but I found 
it was not that, and when I cast my eyes down it appear- 
ed that I stood on a sea of glass and seeing the black 
surface rolling beneath, and I said unto myself good Lord 
I shall fall for I am gone, and then thought of the words 
of our Lord to Peter "oh ye of little faith," and then I 
went on for some great distance but I do not know how 
far, at last I came to a large wall and put my left hand a- 
gainst it, and my hand stuck fast and the glass vanished 
away from beneath me, and nothing held me but my hand 
against the wall ; when the glass vanished away I looked 
beneath me and I saw hell, and the discovery of some 
people, I had a knowledge of some hung by the hair of 
their heads, and others by their tongues, and others by 
their thumbs, and others by their two big toes, and in 
many other situations too awful to mention, and I saw a 



tree aiul it appeared to be about ten miles broad, and on 
that tree there was every color that I had ever seen here, 
and I asked my guide what this tree meant and the dif- 
ferent colors, he answered and said unto me the tree rep- 
resents the power of the wicked men, and the colors were 
the ways and means the Devil had to tempt the people 
with, then it appeared unto me that there were numbers 
of hatches, the pit flew open and the liquid flames of fire 
Mazing and the people in the flames as thick as fish in 
a pond, and the awful shrieks and cries I never heard nei- 
ther before nor since ; it was about six months before I 
trot clear of it, and then I was told to march forward and 
the walls appeared to open and 1 went into the most beau- 
tiful place that I ever saw or beheld, the greatest light I 
iver saw and there was no sun nor moon nor stars, the 
light my guide had looked like a caudle when lighted at 
noon day, I was told to bear to the right and 1 entered 
into a large building as round as a plumb, and 1 could not 
see any end to it, I viewed the Savior the friend of sinners 
standing, and he said unto me have you come at last, I am 
here said I, and he had a book about four feet wide and 
proportioned accordingly, and I read in that book beau- 
tiful things which made my heart glad, but I could not re- 
member any thing that I read afterwards, and I heard the 
sweetest music that I ever heard, the redeemed from among 
dl nations of the earth, and then 1 turned to come back but 
an angel called me back, and had a testament in his hand 
opened and he showed me the 10th chapter of the Reve- 
I -lions vers • and said unto me, here is a text you must 
preach from for you are called to preach the everlasting 
:;nspel to mankind, and I refused and said unto him that 
is a sealed book for our wisest men feel afraid to under- 
takeit, and I feel myself very small in the eyes of men, but 
he said unto me thf- third time you must preach it and h<-> 
told me two propositions on it, and then I saw light on the 
>ubjoct which gave me great encouragement to take i\]y 
(he cross, while being faithful unto God he will he with 
me and bring me out and then I turned to come away and 
awoke from my vision in the night about 12 o'clock, and 
could see to pick up a pin in any part of the house, being 
so dark when I laid down that I could not discover any 
thing whatever in the room, and then when I awoke and 



. C 9 ] 
seeing such_ a light, being much alarmed, I rose up out of 

my bed and fell upon my knees and made a covenant 

with my God if he would only give me grace I would go 

through by much weakness and preach the gospel and 

call sinners, and from that time to this day I have fell good 

times and seen good times, and I do expect to see greater 

yet, and would say unto all that is called to preach go 

and preach the gospel, by doing this you may save 

yourself and many I hope that may bear thee. 

I remain^ dearly beloved, your affectionate servant in 

Christ. 

N. COLWELL CANNON. 

Minister of the Gospel- 



THE ROCK OF WISDOM : 



B-2" Iff. C. CAXTETOST. 



Proverbs, 9th Chapter. 



TO THE AFRICAN METHODIST CHURCH. 



THE CONSOLATION 

of the righteous judgment of Chrut and his saints. 

Dearly Beloved: 

The object of my present address is to invite you to 
private and public prayer — to urge your frequent attend- 
ance at the house of God, and your devout use of the 
evangelical faith with which we are blessed. 

My design at present, is to recommend and exhort you 
to constant and fervant prayer in private, indeed, my 
!<rethren, the great end of nry preaching will be accom- 
plished, if I am made the instrument of awakening in 
your hearts a spirit of earnest supplication and you be- 
come a praying people ; Peter was prevented from sink- 
ing by tiie supporting arm of Christ. Blind Bartemus 
was restored to sight, and Stephen fell asieep in Jesus 
with a calm and forgiving spirit; indeed, I know not how 
to give you an adequate representation of the prevailing 
efficacy of fervant prayer in the name of Christ. It be- 
sieges heaven with a holy violence, beseeching God in the 
language of the wrestling patriarch, "I will not let thee 
go except thou bless me," Gen 31 c 26 v., we know that 
it has staved the pestilence, Num. 16 c. 44, 45 v. that it 
has caused the Sun to stand still in the heavens. Josh. 10 c. 
i .). 11 v. opened the prison door, Acts 9 c. 33, 40 v. nay 



t « ] 

it has been the means of melting the stubborn 
soul, of binding: up the broken hearted, of changing 
the proud sinner into an humble saint and of restoring 
to polluted man the lost image of his God- Do 3'ou ask 
when is the proper season for prayer? I answer in the 
Apostle's words. " pray without ceasing." 1 Thes. 5 c. 
17 v. I mean not that you should be always upon your 
knees or always lifting up your voice to heaven, but that 
you should constantly cherish a prayerful spirit, and be 
ready to frame a prayer from the circumstances about 
you. 

Are you blessed with temporal mercies, with au easy 
competence, a smiling family and a fair reputation, pray 
that these blessings may not prove a snare to you, by rob- 
bing the gracious giver of your heart, and you have your 
" good things" in this world only. Are j^ou tried in your 
health, in your circumstances, or in jour family ; pray 
that the will of God may be accomplished in the dispen- 
sation, that 3 r ou may discern the drift of his providence, 
may meet it with humble resignation and reap the bles- 
sing. Are you called to undertake some arduous duty 
•r to encounter some severe temptation ; pray, that God'jt 
strength may be perfected in your weakness, that his grace 
may be sufficient for you, and that you may come off 
more than conqueror through him that loved you. 

Are you going to public worship ; pray, that your 
hearts may be devoutly disposed, that you may enjoy 
God*s gracious presence in his sanctuary, and worship 
him in spirit and in truth. Are you leaving the church ; 
pray, that you may carry home a blessing, and that you 
may evince in your temper and in your lives that you have 
indeed been with Jesus. "Begin the day with prayer;" 
it is the golden key that unlocks heaven to pour down 
blessings on you ; and close the day with prayer, it is the 
same golden key that locks you up under the safe protec- 
tion of God. 

Pray for your friends that they'may be near and dear 
to God; pray for your enemies that ^their hearts may be 
changed and their souls saved; pray- for the progress of 
the Gospel of Christ throughout the world, " that the 
word of the Lord may have free course and be glorified," 
2-Thes. 3 c. 1 v. pray for the ministers of the gospel, 



[ 18] 
that the pleasure of the Lord may prosper in the land ; 
pray to the Lord of the harvest to send forth more labor- 
ers, Mat. 9 (*. 38 v., and when you have the nearest access 
to the throne of grace, and feel your hearts in a heavenly 
frame, pray for your own minister in particular that his 
soul may prosper and be in health, that God would teach 
him so that he may teach others, and may become the 
honored though humble instrument of bringing many 
souls to glory. 

I shall endeavor to give a small example of the minister 
of God ; it is to love God with all his heart and when in 
the like condition he will do what is right before God and 
man, then he will not say one thing and do another for he 
will then see that death is nigh, for the tree must first be 
made good and then the fruit will be good, Mat 7 c. 12 v. 
then if so obedient is the tree and charity is the fruit it 
bears, this is the love of God in man for Christ who died 
to give life and liberty to all mankind, even the publicans 
and harlots that said they would not do the will of God 
and after a long time they repented of that evil, then 
returned and went into the field of charity bearing the 
good fruit of the kingdom of heaven, a great won- 
der indeed, to man, that poor man who now de- 
clares that he is called of God to preach his ev- 
erlasting gospel to the nations of the earth and has 
said that he was to do the great will of God, and behold 
he has left one half of God's Israel behind, then he must 
lie unto God, oh what is the state of the lying man that 
well lie unto God ! this is he who said father I will go and 
went not into the great field of charity, but standing out 
side of the wall of God, merits no admittance, but his sen- 
tence is down, down to hell ; oil ye sons of Ethiopia 
awake unto righteousness ! for Jesus saith come unto me 
and if the ministers will not preach the word nor come to 
God, you all come and escape hell's dark gates, for in that 
awful day this is their portion, the wicked is cast down in- 
to hell Psalm 9, 17 v. and P. 1 1 , 6 v. upon the wicked he 
*hall rain fire and brimstone and a horrible tempest, this 
shall be the portion of their cup ; two great wonders in 
heaven to see the poor and the outcast and the despised 
standing in white at the right hand of God, exalted to the 
throne of glory, crowned in endless bliss j the second won- 



[ 13 ] 

der, those whom we condemned in our judgment for to go 
down to hefl ; see ! oh see arrayed in white robes audpalms 
in their hands going the great rounds of eternal bliss, 
these are the two great wonders in heaven j and now the 
third wonder is to see tens of thousands and hun- 
dreds of thousands whom we judged to be unworthy fight 
for the kingdom, but in God's righteous judgment they 
will be condemned to blow the awful flames of hell fire ; oh 
man, this rs the great wonder man will see, and now is the 
time to seek for pardon and live with God while he is call- 
ing, come, oh come, and be liberated for there is a time 
coming when tlie great door of pardon will be closed for- 
ever and ever, Deut. 32 c. 22 v. my anger shall burn in 
the lowest hell, Rev 9 c. 6 v. and in those days shall men 
seek death and shall not find it, and shall desire to die but 
death shall" flee from them, Rev. 20 c. 14 v. death and 
hell were cast into the lake of fire, this is the second death, 
and whosoever was not found written in the book of life, 
was cast into the lake of fire, their punishment.will be for- 
ever and ever ; oh that the Lord would have mercy on a 
falling world of mankind ! 

The great knowledge of God, of the independence 
of God's holy word to the different ministers of the 
gospel of the everlasting kingdom, the way and manner 
he enables them to exhibit his holy word, by which they 
congregate to hear the word with joy, that they can see 
light in his light, then by faith to fall out with their sins 
and then to be made the happy partakers of his kingdom ; 
this is the great state of joy to some, and then the min- 
isters as brethren will see eye to eye, that God will 
enable us to be true and faithful in pleaching his 
great counsel to all the nations of the earth, and then we 
will see the glorious hope of our labors to the general as- 
sembly and to the church of the first born, which are writ- 
ten in heaven and to God the Judge of all, and to the 
spirits of the just men made perfect, Heb. 12 c. 22, 24 v. 
and now my dear readers try to read this with patience 
and diligence so that you may get a proper understand- 
ing of your great duty that yon owe to God, the great 
duty and zeal of a minister to love God with all his heart 
and his neighbor as himself, Ps, 42, 7, when we go into 
the holy temple we ought always to take counsel of God, 

B 



[14] 
and then we clear ourselves of all mens blood, for when 
we see that we are called by God to preach we ought al- 
ways to leave all the Devil's work behind, for God is in 
his holy temple, deep calleth unto deep, at the noise of 
thy water spout all thy waves and thy billows are gone 
over me, this is what gave great comfort to Job when 
finding that God was still with him, Job 1, 16, while he 
was yet speaking there came also another and said that 
fire of God was falling from heaven, but Job still had the 
fire in his heart, by this Job had pleasure that the world 
could not take away, Ps. 87 and 6, 8, 7 vs. thou hast laid 
me in the lowest pit of darkness, and thy deep wrath lieth 
hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy 
waves selah, thou hast put away mine acquaintances far 
from me, Ps. 69, 1 v. again, save me oh God for the waters 
are come into my soul, I sink into the mire and I see none 
to save but God, Luk. 5 c. 4 v. now when he had left oft' 
speaking, he said unto Simon launch out into the deep 
and let down your net for a draught, and Simon answer- 
ing said unto him master we have toiled all night and 
taken nothing, neverthelesss at thy word I will let down 
the net, and when they had done this they enclosed a great 
multitude of fish, and their net broke and they beckoned 
unto their partners who were in the other ship, that they 
should come and help them, and they came and filled 
both ships. There is a temporal scheme whereby man's 
body may be filled with the productions of the earth, and 
in the deep sea through their skill the fish might be caught 
to nourish our bodies, thus we see the love of God unto 
man, and now these two ships may represent the two 
covenants, the first ship under the Mosaical dispensation 
in awaiting a long time for the promise to be fu lfiiled, and 
the people in that dispensation to begin to sink in their 
minds, to be weary, but in due time God's faithful elect 
called for the second ship, even the lion of the tride of 
Judea, who peradventure even as the prophet Joel said, 
(3 c. 16 v.) the lord also shall raise out of Zion and 
utter his voice from Jerusalem, and the heavens and the 
earth shall shake, but the Lord will be the hope of his 
people thus we may see that the two ships are filled ; 
when Christ was on the cross the heavens and the earth 
shook, the temple was rent from top to bottom, and the 



115 J 
heathen idolators with their idol godsfell as flat as a dead 
man to the ground, the Jewish government fell assunder so 
that God opened a new and living way from earth to heav- 
en, now in comes the gospel ship sailing with ease, and 
she now waites for passengers, and every one that comes 
has got a glorious reward and the best of all she has no 
respect of person, and here is one grand thing to the na- 
tions of the earth no embargo can be laid on this ocean 
to prevent the emigrant from entering in that happy city, 
no freezing in winter, December is as pleasant as May, 
and they are happy in him, now it is well for us all to con- 
sider this one point for with one blood we are all made 
and by the blood ot Christ all that is saved must come in 
at that door ; I speak unto wise men judge what I say, thus 
the heavens and the earth were finished and all the parts of 
them, and on the seventh day God ended his work which 
he had made and he rested on the seventh day from all 
his works whicjd he had^'nade} and God blessed the seventh 
day — as it is said behold the stone which 1 lay before" 
Joshua the one stone shall have seven eyes, represents the 
seven spirits of God in discharging their regular duties 
through the rivers and seas of his great knowledge and 
love to man, the river that went out from the east of Eden 
to water the garden, and from thence it was parted and 
came into four heads, then it may be said respecting the 
four quarters of the world in which the few evangelists 
accomplished the will of God, in gathering of the fish in 
the gospel, and the name of the second river in Zion, 
that which encompasses the whole land of Ethiopia, this 
river is said to enter the Euphrates which can go to any 
part of the world ; now the fish that these rivers and seas 
contain are of various kinds, but all are created by God 
himself, some black, some gray, some red, some white, 
some pied, some blue, some grizly, some mudy coarsely 
and now a 1 these colors are a wonder to man, now the 
fish cannot live without breath although they are in the 
salt water they cannot be preserved by the salt until they 
are taken out killed and cleaned, and the good put in ves- 
sels and preserved by salt and the bad cast away, this 
is according to our Lord's words when he said gather the 
good in vessels and cast the bad away, now in a spiritual 



sense we would wish to view some of the wise designs 
of God in creating man in his own image, in the likeness of 
himself, for such a glorious purpose that lie might enjoy 
Ins love for ever, according to history our fore parent was 
of a red color, but that did not retain God's love from 
him nor did God look upon him with disdain, until he vio- 
lated the glorious commandment which was given, ant! 
then darkness and shame overspread them that they be- 
came so unfit for paradise, that God drove them out of 
the garden and the earth was cursed for his sake ; when 
we look at these things we may easily account for-the dif- 
ferent changes and colors, from Adam's posterity to the 
rising generation the many ages and sizes and colors, male 
and female and every one of these by God's own word 
has got an immortal soul; and he has only commanded 
one thing of them, and that is the creatures duty to the 
creator, and among these people some is called white peo- 
ple^ and some i?»3 r s black people, and some»sa\ r s grev peo- 
ple, and some says red people, and some says yellow peo- 
ple, and some says hairy people, but young Timothy 
said the sons of Ethiopia, the sable sons of Ethiopia, this 
is according to the account of the river in that part of 
the world, and our best way to get understanding is to 
read the scriptures of truth and pray to God with a purr 
heart, and then all the mysteries will be unfolded unto us 
for Christ saith, 1 John 15 c. 7 v. if ye abide i l me and 
my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will and it 
shall be given you, so this proves that we ought to take 
God's word for our guide, for God has many witnesses, 
Rev. 1 1 c. 4 v. here is two great witnesses, these are the 
two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before 
the God of the earth, in answer to them witnesses, Zach. 
4 c. 1 1 v. then answered I and said unto him what are 
these two olive trees upon the right side of the candle- 
stick, and upon the left side thereof, first the one on the 
left side I consider the old testament, the candlestick was 
a light with it, the one on the right, side the new testament 
and the great light with it which Christ gave at his death 
in order to enlighten all the world, that they might be en- 
abled to keep his holy commandment, now in a spiritual 
sense we are considered the salt of the earth, therefore the 
ministers ought 1o look well to their duty, for Chri't 



C 17 J 

has said that he would make fishers of men, ministers I 
mean, if the fish cannot be saved withont salt we cannot 
expect our hearers can be saved without grace, and 
while we stand to preach the word in its purity, we ought 
at all times public and private to live such a faithful life 
as to keep our garments unspotted from the world, then 
God will enable us as ministers to correct all errors, and 
to give a correct judgment as pertaining to the souls of 
men, and this is to be done without respect of person, for 
that man who makes a respect of persons is a judas, he 
has betrayed his trust and such as do that may read their 
own sentence in the 9th Psalm 17th verse, this is" a les- 
son for every minister to remember when he administers 
the sacrament of our Lord, Ps. 68, v. 31, seven hundred 
and forty-one years before Christ a prayer offered up un- 
to God for the moving of the ark, and his covenant ser- 
vant when calling the assembly together discovered the 
light break forth like the sun in his meredian splendor at 
high twelve, they sung the hymn on the glorious presence 
of God, because of the temple at Jerusalem shall kings 
bring presents unto to it, it appeared that peace was about 
to be proclaimed among the nations, such was the pres- 
ence of God, so was the presence of God powerfully dis- 
played among the faithful elect, and princes shall come 
out of Egypt, Ethiopia shall soon stretch her hands un- 
to God, this has a reference to the church and the great 
display she will make, it was an astonishment to the dark 
age, the masculine which enabled the feminine to stand 
on her course until now, for the wise man Soloman said, 
Sol. 6 c. 10 v. who is she that looketh forth bright as 
the morning, fair as the moon, that was under the law 
clear as the noon day sun and terrible as an army with 
banners, this is under the gospel dispensation, now in ad- 
dition to all this I shall give another proof, Mat. 2 c. 15 
v. out of Egypt have I called my son, this is a proof un- 
to us that God will ever defend his church, although wick- 
ed men have hewn out many systems with Tom Paine 
and Voltaire, and with all the engines of hell, with these 
powers and skill by night and by day to hedge her way, 
but through it all she has raised her topsail to glory and 
now holding out the sceptre unto^all nations, and saj's 
peace and glad tidings and joy to all people, this is e- 

B2 



C 18 ] 
notigh to cause us underlings to believe in God, and look- 
ing unto that just day of deliverance, Ps. 89, 4 v. the 
virtue and glory of the church, the increasing comfort of 
the members there, of this show unto us how holy we ought 
Jo be in preaching the word in its purity, for none but the 
pure in heart shall see God's face in the kingdom, Acts 8 
c. 27 v. the mighty God displayed his power and he arose 
and went and behold a man of Ethiopia, an eunuch of 
great authority under Candas queen of Ethiopia, who 
had the charge of all her treasures and had come to Jeru- 
salem for to worship, this denotes the ministers of the gos- 
pel and the church under his charge, for the angel of the 
Lord spoke unto Philip saying arise and go towards the 
south, this south wind represents the favor of the Lord 
upon his people, and while we keep in the warm climate 
of his favor we shall always be fruitful to his honor and 
glory, and to the joy of our own souls in a blessed eter- 
nity as all the wise and faithful, but what sayeth the word 
is nigh unto thee even in thy mouth and in thy heart 
that is the word of faith which we preach, for the scripture 
saith whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed, 
for religion is the life of a man I speak to wise men 
judge ye what I say, my dear readers look well to the true 
points for we must raise up or sink down: 1451 years be- 
fore the coming of Christ his faithful prophets stood like 
unto wise men, and held up the ensign unto the people to 
keep them in good heart, Deut. 29 c. 29 v. the secret 
things belongeth unto the Lord our God, but those things 
which are revealed belongeth unto us and our children for- 
ever, that vve may do all the words of his law, Acts 7 c. 
20 v. in which time Moses was born and was exceeding 
fair and nourished up in his fathers house three months, 
and when he was cast out Pharaoh's daughter took him up 
and nourished him for her own son, and Moses was learn- 
ed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty 
in word and in deed, and when he was full forty years old 
it came into his heart to visit his brethren, the children of 
Israel ; in this how plain it is for us to discover the great 
wisdom of God to fallen man, in laying the plan of the 
salvation of their souls, by taking a weak instrument like 
unto dust only being annointed by his grace, to stand and 
prove a wonder to the world, on which rock the right 



[19] . 

side being laid up that never has been turned over since 
there it remains a secret to the world, and is only 'known 
to God and his people. v 

And now for another strong proof, Ex. 36 c. 2, 4 vs. 
and the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame 
of fire, out of the midst of the burning bush ; this was a 
wonder indeed,this bush may be said to represent the church 
of God, being in a flame of fire and the bush not consum- 
ed, so was the church in her minor state by being afflicted 
with sorrow and great trouble, and they saw no end to 
their affliction which caused them to cry mightily to God, 
with a heart unto righteousness, and when such a petition 
came before God, it moved him to compassion and 
the answer was such, I have heard the cries of my peopje 
and have come down to deliver them ; and now we see a 
temporal salvation for his enemies to behold, for he has 
chOsen one to lead his people, God called out of the midst 
of the bush and said Moses,Moses ; he answered here I am ; 
he said unto him draw not nigh hither, put off thy shoes 
from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standeth is ho- 
ly ground, here you will please to observe,the Lord informed 
Moses who he was and in whose fidelity he might confide in, 
asbeingable to bring him through, moreover he said I am the 
God of thy father,the God of Abraham.the God oflsaac and 
the God of Jacob, and Moses hid his face for he was a- 
fraid to look upon God, and the Lord said I have surely 
seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and 
now according to this, we will ask the question, where is 
Egypt ? I answer wherever the enlightening grace of God 
has not its influence, I say the whole world or that part of 
it which is out of Christ, and when Moses started his 
glorious journey out of Egypt, while the angel came 
down in a cloud to be his light, and at the same time dark 
to his enemies, but he was enabled to travel in peace and 
good courage by putting his trust in God, this is some 
thing to the christian traveller, now while the world is in 
darkness the christian has a light which the world knows 
not of, and when Moses came down to the Red Sea the 
children of Israel began to grow uneasy, but he with good 
courage as a man of God, tells them in the boldest man- 
ner to stand still and see the salvation of God, hold your 



[ so ] 

peace for God shall fight for you ; and now we can dis- 
cover the great salvation of God which in this day gives 
cause to take courage, for God is the same. Thus we see 
Moses bringing the children of Israel on to the Red Sea, 
and then stretch his hand out over the sea, and the Lord 
caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that 
night, and made the sea dry land and the waters was di- 
vided, and the children of Israel went into the midst of 
the sea upon dry ground, and the waters were as a wall 
unto them on the right hand and on the left, and when 
they landed on the other shore Moses streched forth his 
hand over the sea, and the sea turned to its channel, when 
the morning appeared the Egyptians fled against it, and 
the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea, 
and the waters returned and covered the chariots 
and the horsemen and all the hosts of Pharaoh that 
came doivn into the sea, after that there remained not so 
much as one of them, thus God saved Israel that day and 
the Israelites saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. 
This ought to give us great encouragement even to this day, 
for we may consider ourselves in like manner as the Israel- 
ites as they travelled in the wilderness, andfound favor with 
God, we believe that we can do the same for Moses has 
travelled through them, the sea is a figure of our last end 
when the gospel shall reach the end of the world, and all 
the nations are warned, then God will close the door of 
mercy and when we come down to the sea of death, and 
then we shall have a dry road through and Christ himself 
shall be our light, then we shall land safe on the other 
shore, look back my soul and wonder to see the Egyptian 
sinners beg,find them out of Christ, for one sin unrepent- 
ed of is sufficient to sink a man to hell, notice that my 
dear readers, for this subject is of great importance for it 
calls for that holy number of perfect men to represent the 
church of Christ, at different periods of time are to let us 
see the glory of God displayed in the heads of those min- 
isters that he has given charge over his little flock, for he 
is the great shepherd and bishop of our souls salvation, 
now let us take encouragement and look forward for the 
promises for they are all sure, his eyes is as a flame of 
lire, too penetrating to behold ; if we enter the comforter 



[ 21 ] 
under his banner and fight the good fight of faith, if we 
perform our duty well as officers under his command, if 
we overcome the enemies of our souls and of his church, 
our happiness will be complete, but how shall we escape 
if we neglect so great a salvation, Heb. 2 c. 5 v. these re- 
marks from different authors might be considered correct 
according to scripture, Christ is my only author for Jesus 
Christ \i ill crown all them who believe on him with an 
everlasting crown, for I take notice of two sorts of crowns 
a regal or imperial crown and a crown of victory, this 
last is to be understood in this place as it was customary 
among the ancients, to crown a hero after a victorious 
campaign, this crown was not only a badge of high honor 
it also conferred a dignity and privileges which the con- 
queror enjoyed in preference to his fellow citizens, but 
these were only perishable crowns on earthly privileges, 
the Lord Jesus promised a crown of life with the privile- 
ges of immortality in his everlasting kingdom, and his pe- 
ctiliar favor is here offered to the gospel minister as the 
reward of being faithful until death, these perogations are 
not merely citizenship in heaven, but titles to large posses- 
sions, peculiar favor on spiritual employment in the rffost 
important concerns in Christ's kingdom ; prayer is now 
the great object of all our comfort, God bearing witness 
unto us both with signs and wonders, this is the great ques- , 
tion, how shall we get to heaven ? how shall we escape 
hell? that awful lake of hell fire ! and how -hall we es- 
cape that dark place of purgatory, which has been a won- 
der to our world, which men have been called upon to 
flee from that place, and I never have seen the man as yet 
that could give me the laws of it, I think it would be right 
for us to be acquainted with the laws before we go there, if 
there is such a place, or else we might be sadly disappoint- 
ed, for I think according to scripture all the purgatory 
men will find, is where the rich man lifted up his eyes, I 
know of no other place in the bible, where there is no law 
given there is no violation, that is well known to all intelli- 
gent men, for our father Adam did not violate the law be- 
fore it was given unto him, but after the law was -given 
he made a violation of that law, and then he found him- 
self condemned, and when called on by the Almighty he 
made his pn^ ,l o excuse, and said the woman that thou hast 



[ 22 ] 
given me did partake and I did eat, as much as if he had 
told the Almighty if he had not have given him the wo- 
man he should not have violated the law, this was the 
first excuse that was made use of, but it did not answer, 
nor no excuse will answer us but do what God has demand- 
ed of us, now judge for yourselves as wise men, that must 
meet me at the tribunal bar of God, and there to answer 
for the hearing of the gospel, and I for preaching of the 
gospel ; now unless Jesus Christ in word or the holy bi- 
ble, has shewed us the place called good purgatory as some 
people have called it, me thinks that place will be in hell, 
without they first give us the laws or some assurance of 
that place, if so it would be better for them to stop in time 
and come back again to the gate of repentance, for the 
man is something like unto the camel, there was a gate in 
the city of Jerusalem called the needle eye just large e- 
nough ibi ! ilic c::rr.e! to go through himself without his 
load, and when conducted to the gate he CO'dd not enter 
in on the account of his load, and when ordered by his 
conductors to kneel down then taking the load from off 
him, then the camel went through with haste into the city, 
aiici so it is now with man from the fall of our fore parent, 
he is loaded with iniquity and full of sin. and now he may 
sail east, west, north or south and the wad of God's pow- 
er so much surpasses the wall of Jerusalem, that he cannot 
enter in unless he first comes in the way of repentance, by 
kneeling down as the camel did and the load of sin shall 
be taken off, and proving faithful you shall enter into the 
city of God's rest, for repentance is essentially necessary 
for all men, Titus 2 c. 1 1 v. the grace of God that bring- 
eth forth salvation hath appeared unto all men, and if so 
we all ought to comply with God's word, for the light is 
for us to see how to walk that we need not stumble, and 
the grace teaches us to do his will, and it is in our power 
to come to God, and if we do not come this light which 
he has given us will become darkness unto us, for it is well 
known that Christ is the saviour of the world, and it is 
in our power to choose or to refuse and while we have the 
sun we better come to the gospel feast, as the poet said 
while the lamp holds out to burn the vilest sinner may re- 
turn ; this is to be understood while God's spirit is a stri- 
ving with man, this is called the lamp of grac*, Gen. 6 c. 



[S3] 
3 v. and the Lord said my spirit shall not always strive 
with man, for by this ve see that he gave the antediluvian 
world a space, and thoy did not do it, and then the lamp 
of grace was out and they did live a space, Luke 18 c. 
3 v. there was a widow in that city and she had come un- 
to him saying, avenge me of mine adversary, and he would 
not tor a while, but afterwards said within himself, though 
I fear not God nor regard man, yet because this widow 
troubles me 1 will avenge her, least by her continued com- 
ing she weary we ; and the Lord said hear what the un- 
just judge judgeth : this woman I compare to the church 
of God, and the judge that speaketh to her is compared 
to her opponent, that is an enemy to the church, he will 
not serve God himself, yet he will do many things for the 
church, this is to get a name among men, this is only for 
the body but will not save the soul, Luke 18 c. 9 v. and 
he spake this parable unto certain who trusted in them- 
selves that they were righteous and despised others, oh 
what a mistake to their own soul ! when seeing themselves 
shut out, now we see the need of prayer from a pure heart, 
for God is a spirit and seeks such to worship him in spirit 
and in truth, and here is a lesson of prayer, Mat. 6 c. 9 v. 
the manner we should pray, the duty of the creature to 
the creator, prayer to God is the duty of all men, we live 
and move and have our being in him, every good and per- 
fect gift proceeds from him, man ought always to pray 
and not to iaint, for we are so weak that we always need 
mercy we are so weak that we always need help, we are 
so empty that we always need supply, we are so exposed 
that we always need protection, how reasonable then is it 
that we should continue in prayer, but we greatly need 
direction in prayer, we know not how to pray as we ought, 
therefore Christ has been pleased to teach us in these 
words, which contain an excellent pattern for prayer, af- 
ter this manner we are to pray, now as many persons con- 
stantly use this prayer, it way be very useful to explain it 
because it may be feared that some repeat these words 
without knowing the true meaning, which is formality at 
best, and some contradict every part of the prayer by their 
wicked lives, which is base hypocrisy, may we therefore 
be assisted by the good spirit rightly to understand it so 
that whenever we use it hereafter, we may offer up a rea- 



[ 24 ] 
sonable spiritual sacrifice acceptable unto God through 
Jesus Christ by saying : Our father who art in heaven, 
we should always begin our prayer witli proper thoughts 
of God's will concerning us, and what thought of him 
is so proper as those suggested by these words, name- 
ly his goodness and his greatness, as a father he is good 
as a heaven!} father he is great and glorious, thus we are 
taught to approach him both with confidence and with 
reverence as the great creator of all men, that God may 
in a general sense be called the father of all, but it is in 
a high and more endearing sense that he is called a father 
being reconciled 10 believing sinners through the blood of 
Jesus Christ, God is angry with the wicked every day he 
doth not look down upon them with approbation, nor do 
they look up to him with confidence and love, therefore 
this prayer is not fit for the use of a mail who lives in sin, 
whosoever is carnal minded is an enemy to God, and how- 
dare the swearer, the liar, the drunkard, the fornicator and 
all that abominable crew, to call God a father, God will 
not own the relation of such men's prayer; might they not 
rather cry to their father who dwelleth in hell fire, the 
Devil, for Christ said to such persons ye are of your fa- 
ther the Devil, and the Just of your father ye will do, John 
S c. 44 v. he was a murderer from the beginning, for he 
is a liar and the father of it, and tell me what intelligent 
gentleman or lady ought to have communion with such a 
being as that, and an evil spirit as called, I often thought to 
myself if the Europeans had that inveteracy against the 
Devil, winch they have against the sons of Ethiopia, they 
would all depart from iniquity and get safe into the king- 
dom of eternal bliss, 1 have often wondered in my mind 
to see the union that did exist between the Indians and 
the Europeans, although for many years they have been 
a scalping of them, the Ethiopians have been here all the 
time laboring for them, and what they did not give in 
meal they gave in malt, and they hold us all to be aliens in 
body, but we by the grace of God feel ourselves to be cit- 
izens in heart, God will hear our groans and cries by night 
and day and dark as our skins be, our oath will stand on 
a square with him so that we can part on the level and 
view the sun that high meredian I suppose, this is some- 
thing like the the prodigal son, gone away from home, the 



C *> ] . *. - 

Indians I mean, when returning they killed the kid for 
them, we have been here all the time and we got no kid 
of man, we went to the field and searched and found the 
pearl of great price; that is the way we have lived so 
long, and by it we do expect to live forever, but the best 
way is to convince a person that he is a sinner and knows 
nothing about the enlightening grace of God, by show- 
ing him that there is no other way to come to God only 
by repentance ; by coming to Christ he is enlightened to 
know that Christ is the Saviour, and by faith he draws 
nigh unto God, through Christ he is reconciled to God, 
his anger is then turned away, and lo ! he comforts him, 
and then with joy he looks up to God as a merciful God, 
forgiving iniquity, transgression and sin, for Christ has 
received him, through his attoning blood he is giving pow- 
er to become the sons of God, even to them that believe in 
his name, to such only is the spirit of adoption given 
whereby they cry Abba Father, for it is one thing to use 
the word father and another to approach him as affection- 
ate children come to a tender parent, with a persuasion 
of being able and willing to supply their wants ; to such 
persons his name is full of comfort for they are embold- 
ened to believe that if earthly parents, though evil, know 
how to give good gifts to their children, God our heavenly 
father is much more disposed to do them good, and to 
bless them with all spiritual blessings in Christ Jesus; but 
his name teaches us also the greatness of God ; children 
then ought to treat their earthly parents with such respect; 
but what reverence is due to the father of spirits whose 
throne is in the heavens, not that God is confined to heav- 
en, but he is said to dwell there because there he displays 
the brightest beams of his glorious majesty, and there an- 
gels and saints bow before his feet with the four and twen- 
ty elders cast their crowns saying holy, holy, holy is the 
Lord God Almighty ! Such thoughts should possess our 
minds whenever we say our father who art in heaven, 
hallowed be thy name ; this petition is placed first to show 
us that our first and chief desire should be that God might 
be glorified in our souls, the name of God signifies him- 
self as he is pleased to make himself known to us by this 
title, his word and his work in his gospel, more especially 
all his glorious perfections shine and unite there, he shows 



[ 26 ] 
himself a just God and Saviour ; to hallow God's name is 
to sactify it, to hold it sacred; for to sanctify any thing is 
to sit it apart from every profane and common use; in this 
petition then we pray that God would enable us to glorify 
him in all things, whereby he makes himself known, we 
must glorify him in our hearts by high and holy reveren- 
tial thoughts of him ; we must glorify him in our language 
by always speaking of him in the most solemn manner; we 
must glorify him in our actions not only in those which 
regard sacred things, but in those also which relate to the 
world, for whether we eat or drink all should be done 
with a view to the glory of God, and how far from this 
are many who say this prayer. Think of this you who 
curse and swear, get drunk, tell lies, violate the sabbath 
> day with all your midnight crimes, which are known 
to God ; you take God's name in vain when }'Ou say in a 
thoughtless manner, God bless us, oh God! or oh Christ ! 
is this to hallow the name of God ? is it praying, or swear- 
ing? for these two cannot agree together; but let every 
one that fears God remember that the glory of God is the 
first and chief thing that we are to ask for and to desire, 
and to ask even before our own good, that we and many 
others do this as we ought, in the next place to pray thy 
kingdom come. 

This does not mean the kingdom of God's providence 

which rules over all his works ; it cannot be said to come 

lor it is come already and will never cease, but it means 

that spiritual kingdom which Christ came to set up in the 

world ; that kingdom of the Mesiah which the pious Jews 

had long expected, and which when this prayer was given 

to the disciples it was said to be at hand; this kingdom of 

Christ did come, soon after it was set up when Christ as- 

sended up to heaven and the spirit decended from heaven, 

but still this prayer is as necessary as ever, for we pray that 

this kingdom may be established in our own hearts and 

extended to all the world; the kingdom of Christ is erected 

on purpose to destroy the kingdom of Satan, the Devil 

has usurped a dominion over all mankind and though he 

docs not now possess ihc bodiesof men as once lie did, yet 

he rules in the hearts of the children of disobedience who 

are led captive by him at his will, and in some parts of 

the world lie has actually worshipped in order to destroy 



£ 37 ] 

this kingdom of Christ, but Jesus Christ came into the 
world with such power that he overcame him in all his at- 
tempts to seduce him, and on the cross he spoiled the prin- 
cipalities and power, and conquered, and deprived Satan 
of his power and led captivity captive, and wherever be 
sent his gospel he proclaimed liberty, free grace tfnto 
Jew and Gentile, and whenever he gives his grace to any 
person, there Satan is dethroned, and being made willing 
to submit to Christ as a believer that is translated out of 
Satan's kingdom of sin and darkness into the holy king- 
dom of God's dear son ; when we say thy kingdom come, 
we pray that the light and power of liberty and glory of 
Christ's spiritual kingdom may be more fully experienced 
in our own hearts, for as one observes in worship, we pay 
our homage to God in the world, in the sacrament we 
renew our oath of allegiance ; in alms giving we pay him 
tribute ; in prayer we ask his leave, and praise is our rent 
to the great God from whom we hold all our rights ; thus 
also we express our soul's desire for our poor fellow sin- 
ners, deeply affected with the state of the heathen Jews, 
Mahometans and wicked men; we, as men fearing God pour 
forth our souls in holy longing for their conversion, earn- 
estly desiring the joyful day when it shall be said, the 
kingdoms of this world have become the kingdom of our 
God and his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever, 
Rev. 11 c. 1 5 v. " thy will be done in earth as it is in heav- 
en." God the glorious maker of the world has aright to, 
govern all his subjects, and it is his will that they should 
prosper in the ruling of his creatures, and it is obeyed by 
them all except by man and the devil, for God has made 
known unto us his will concerning us in his word ; the 
law of the ten commandments showeth what obedience he 
requireth of us as fellow creatures, we have rendered our- 
selves incapable of perfect obedience to it, so of obtaining 
life by it ; God has graciously given us the law of faith or 
the gospel of salvation by Jesus Christ, and this is his 
commandment that we should believe in the name of his 
son Jesus Christ and love one another; but natural men 
refuse obedience to this, he is either unconcerned about 
salvation or dislikes the way' of it ; while he remains in 
this state he cannot do the will of God in any respect ac- 
ceptably, for without it is impossible to please God, in 



short, the carnal mind is enmity against God, the will of 
the flesh is directly contrary to the will of God, but it ac- 
cords with the will of Satan, sinners being led captive by 
him at his will. 

How necessary then is this petition, " thy will be done," 
it includes first a desire to know it, as the Psalmist's pray- 
er 143 c. teach me to do thy will for thou art my God, or 
as converted Saul said Lord, what wilt thou have me to do. 
Second: a heart to do it and a heart on which God has 
written His laws. I remember a person who told me when 
he was teaching his children to say this praj'er, and when 
he came to this petition, thy will be done, the child refu- 
sed to say it, and would have it, my will be done; this poor 
simple child was far more honest than many of us who 
say thy will be done, and yet determined to follow our own 
will; but the real christian's desire in heart is, oh that 
there was such a heart in me, to fear God and keep his 
commandments always, Deut. 5 c. 17, 20 vs. We pray for 
strength to do the will of God, for to will may be present 
and yet how to perform that which is good, we may not 
find ; but knowing that the Lord worketh in his people 
both to will and to do, we here ask by prayer that he would 
make us perfect in every good work, to do his will work- 
ing in us that which is well pleasing in his sight through 
Jesus Christ ; this petition also includes holy submission 
to the will of his providence, however afflicting, and that 
we ma)' learn to bear it without murmuring, knowing that 
it is his will and for our good ; we pray for grace to do 
all this, in imitation of the spirits of the just men made 
perfect, and if the sinless angels in heaven say " God's 
will be done in heaven," the angels that excel in strength 
to do his commandments hearkening to the voice of his 
word.they do it humbly, cheerfully, dilligently, constantly, 
and so do glorified saints in heaven for there his servants 
shall serve him. 

"Give us this day our daily bread;" this petition im- 
plies our dependence on God for our food and raiment, 
and all support and comforts of life ; man as a fallen crea- 
ture lias forfeited the good things of this life and deserve 
to be deprived of them all, the earth was cursed for man's 
sake, therefore in sorrow and labor he eats, but it is through 
the goodness of God that he has power to labor, and that 



s 



[ 29 ] 
rain from heaven and fruitful seasons are granted ; it is 
he who gives us our corn and wine and oil, and though 
the poor man works hard for his daily bread, it is no less 
the gift of God ; to him we also owe the appetite that 
makes our food pleasant and the power of digestion that 
makes it nourishing. Moderation in our desires is here 
expressed, we are not taught to ask for riches and honors, 
they are often the destructive snares of those who possess 
them, but we may lawfully ask for food and raiment, for • 
our heavenly father knoweth that we have need of these 
things, and having these things we ought to be contented; 
we are not to ask for weekly bread or monthly bread, but 
for daily bread, for we must not boast of to-morrow nor 
depend on future years, but live in daily dependance on 
God without anxious care for a future time ; sufficient for 
the day is the evil thereof, and sufficient for the day is the 
good thereof, so that we are to exercise ourselves in daily 
prayer, and receive every meal and every morsel as the 
gift of a good God which will make it sweet. 

The christian will also ask for bread for his soul as well 

as body; Christ is to the believers soul what food is to the 

body, he is the bread of life, and if we are born of God 

we shall daily desire to feed upou him in our hearts by 

faith with thanksgiving. "And forgive us our debts as 

we forgive our debtors ;" this petition is joined to the 

last by the word, and, which may teach us that without the 

forgiving of sin the comforts of this life can do us no rea' 

good, Math. 8 c. 38 v. for what does a man profit if ht- 

gain the whole world and lose his own soul ; here we set 

the value of a soul, it cannot be estimated ; millions of 

worlds would come short in redeeming of it, and yet the 

blood of one man, Christ Jesus, is calculated to redeem 

the whole world if they would only comply with it ; what 

an easy task for man ! every man is a sinner, there is not 

a creature who wants daily bread that does not also want 

daily pardon, and yet how few are sensible of it ; sin is 

here compared to a debt, there is a debt of duty that we 

owe to God and in case of failure we contract a new debt 

to the justice of God ; the debt we owe to .God exposes us 

to misery, and be it remembered that we are not able to 

pay a single farthing of this debt, if ever we are delivered 

from going to the prison of hell, Ps. 9 c. 17 v. it must be 

C2 



L au j 

by a free pardon, for as we here pray, forgive us our debt?, 
or as it is elsewhere, forgive us our tresspasses, God will 
have no compassion ; we can make no amends ; it is not in 
taking care to contract a new debt that will discharge an 
old one, this will not do with our neighbors nor will it 
do with God's free forgiveness, nor will it prevent our 
punishment, but though a sinner is justified freely it is on- 
ly through the redemption that is in Christ ; with believing 
and with penitent hearts we must go to God by Jesus Christ 
and plead for his mercy for Christ's sake, he will then par- 
don ; at the same time we are here taught the necessity of 
a forgiving temper, as we forgive our debtors, that is as we 
forgive those who have injured us in our property, person 
or name ; not that our kindness to another deserves for- 
giveness at the hand of God, but that we cannot expect 
pardon from God while we refuse it to others who ask us 
!br it, we may humbly hope that if we are enabled by 
grace to forgive others, God whose thoughts and ways arc- 
infinitely above ours will not reject our prayers for pardon 
and mercy through Jesus Christ. 

"And lead us not into temptation but deliver us from 
evil" of every kind: Those whose sins are forgiven will 
be afraid of sinning again, knowing the power of tempta- 
tion, we pray to be kept from it, temptation is any thing 
which makes a trial of us and proves what is in our heart; 
temptation is not a sin, but by yielding to the temptor. 
there we condemn the word; resist the Devil and he shall 
flee from you ; afflictions are God's trials of us for our good 
but all Satan's temptations are to lead us to evil ; ail who 
use this prayer are afraid of sin and lie will offer 
up his petition to God that he would keep him out of the 
way of such trials as would be too hard for him, and grant 
him sufficient strength through grace to resist and over- 
come the Devil, the evil one who goeth about like a roar- 
ing lion seeking whom he ma}' devour, not who he can de- 
vour, but he must first divide the mind before he can enter; 
this is well known, but this must be accompanied with 
watching and avoiding all wilful occasions of sin, or else 
these words do but mock God. 

The conclusion of the prayer is, " for thine is the king- 
dom, (Eccl. 12 c. 13 v.) and the power and the glory 
forever, amen ;" this shows why we should pray to God 



L 31 J 

and why we hope to be heard ; the kingdom is his, God is 
king of all the world and has an undoubted right to dispose 
of all things ; the power is his as well as the authority, he 
therefore can answer our prayer when it is from a a pure 
heart, this is a well grounded hope of the christian life, 
whatever God does, it is for his own glory and our good, 
and if we are disposed to give him all the glory of what 
he does for us, we may hope that our petition will be grant- 
ed, this kingdom, this power, this glory are forever, he 
will never want the power to help, and if we are saved we 
shall never cease to give him praise ; the force of the whole 
prayer lies in the first and last words of it, our father and 
amen ; in the first we apply to God in Christ as reconciled 
to us, in the last we set our seal to the whole and say 
amen, so let it be, so we humbly hope it shall be for Christ's 
sake, amen. 

How awfully is this prayer abused by ignorant people, 
not ignorant by God's will but by their own wicked words, 
it is a kind of charm and it is enough to say the words 
without considering the true sense of its meaning. Oh ! 
leave off, as you love your soul of mocking God by thought- 
less prayer ; can you call him a father while you obey the 
Devil ? will you say hallowed be thy name and yet pro- 
fane it daily ? what do you care for his kingdom while 
you belong to another f or talk of God's will without 
wishing to do it? do you not forget him when you eat and 
drink and get drunk, and curse and swear ? are you 
not careless about a forgiveness of your sins, ad- 
ding daily to the dreadful debt and perhaps living in mal- 
ice and wrath with your neighbors ; how can you pray that 
God will not lead you into temptation when you are run- 
ning wilfully into the way of it, frequenting the ale house, 
the play house, the ballroom, the horse race, and all your 
midnight crimes ; remember the broad eye of the supreme 
judge of the highest court, is looking right down into the 
heart, and will shortly summon you to his awful bar, and 
there to render a strict account for those deeds ; then your 
gold and your silver is dead, your soul must stand the 
test, up to heaven or down to hell, and to there sink with 
the company of the lewd, the profane, the drunkard and 
the adulterer. D<±ar fellow creatures permit me as a friend 
indeed,to say unto you that thus contradicting your prayer, 



oy your lives and actions, daily cheating and defrauding., 
you cannot expect to be heard : nay God may justly say 
unto you at last, out of thine own mouth will 1 condemn 
thee thou wicked servant, Mat. 22 c. 13 v. bind him hand 
and loot, but oh God forbid that this should be the sentence 
of our dear hearers ; may they speedily return and fly to 
Jesus and find shelter ; think over this prayer before you 
sleep the sleep ofdeath ; you must use it again and again, 
and beg God to give }'ou grace to enable you to use it 
with understanding and sincerity, that the rich bles- 
sing asked for in it may be yours and God be glorified in 
your everlasting salvation, Luke 10 c. 30 v. a certain 
man went down from Jerusalem to Jerico and fell among 
thieves which stripped him of his raiment and wounded 
him, and departed leaving him half dead; a certain priest 
went that way, and when he saw him he passed by on the 
other side; likewise a Levite came and looked on him and 
passed by on the other side; a certain Samaritan who jour- 
nied came where he was and when he saw him he had 
compassion on him, bound up his wounds, poured in oil 
and wine, sat him on his own beast and brought him to an 
inn, and took care of him; when he departed he took out 
two pence and gave them to the host and said unto him, 
take care of him and whatever thou spendeth more I will 
repay thee. First, the priest is the moral law,the Levite the 
ceremonial law; from the fall of man these being not 
competent to save man only by grace, so these passed by 
and left the man half dead, until the coming of Christ the 
good Samaritan, he bound up the wounds by pouring the 
pure doctrine of his kingdom in the hearts of the children 
of men; the two pence the old and the new testaments, and 
to-morrow he departed and the reply is whatever more is 
due I will repay, that is for all the soul, our life to gain it, 
and when he comes again to judge the world, to take his 
rausomed people home ; the host is the church of God with 
her children, the general assembly of the first born which 
arc written in heaven, Heb. 12 c. 23 v. the priest and the 
Levite passed by though professing to be christians, they 
are or may be considered as the people of this day, that 
profess to be christians and are not in heart, they do not 
unto their neighbors as they would wish those neighbors 
to do unto them, Mat. 7 c. 12 v. they would wish to receive 



. [ 33 ] 
good at all times, and in return give evil ; but dear friends 
"Why boasest thon thyself in mischief, O mighty man? 
The goodness of God endureth continually. Thy tongue 
deviseth mischiefs ; like a sharp razor, working deceitful- 
ly. Thou lovest evil more than good ; and lying rather 
than to speak righteousness. Thou lovest all-devouring 
words, O thou deceitful tongue." Why did they reject 
Christ and his religion as being not worthy of their notice, 
and choose the bitter cup which has filled their souls with 
sin ; and he said unto them because you say, you see, and 
see not,your sins remain, but if you was wilfully blind and 
would not see your sins they would remain had thou 
been wise to consider the things which make for yaur-peace, 
but now they are hid from thine eyes, and well might he say 
that the foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have 
nests, but the son of man hath not 'where to lay his head, 
Luke 20 c. tell us by what authority tlioii dost these tilings, 
I will also ask you one thing and answer me, the baptism 
of John was it from heaven or of man ? and they reason- 
ed among themselves saying, if we shall say from heaven 
he will say why then not believe him, if we say of man 
all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that 
John was a prophet, they could not tell him whence it was, 
and Jesus said unto them neither tell I you by what au- 
thority I do these things, now let us look in our day how 
many thousand that has the form of Godliness attending 
the church daily, partaking of all the ordinances and de- 
ny God by their walk ; we are tpld that there are many 
called but few chosen, and if so many be called why is it 
that so few are chosen ? I answer they refuse to comply 
with the rule of free grace, Luke 16 c. 23 v. hereby you 
may see the situation of those that put their dependence 
in riches, in hell he lifted up his eyes being in torment 
and seeing Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom, 
he cried and said, father Abraham have mercy on me and 
send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in wa- 
ter and cool my tongue, for I am tormented in this flame. 
A question, how did he know Abraham to call him father:' 
Answer, by understanding the records in his day, hearing 
and seeing certain events which had taken place, and the 
word that God said unto Abraham, I send you to a strange 
nation that you know not, and they know you not j I will 



[ 34 ] 
uiess them that bless you and I will curse them that curse 
you, and thou shall be the father of the righteous and 1 
will make thy seed as numerous as the stars of 
heaven or the sand on the sea shore, that cannot be num- 
bered for multitude; now the question in viewing the sight 
he then would reflect what he had heard and seen before, 
but he thinking thathe could get in someother way ; this is 
unbelief; the great bolt that locks heaven against the sin- 
ner the reason 1 asssign is, his calling him father ; seeing 
then he was according to the promise, and if there was 
my mercy to be found, father was theonly medium he 
ould enter, but finding there was a gulf between them 
and then finding himself a son of disobedience, his case 
is unalterable ; seeing himself thus fixed he looked back 
and saw the condition of his five brethren, and then pray- 
ed to Abraham, I pray therefore thou wouldst send him 
to my fathers house for I have five brethren, that he may 
testify unto them lest they also come to this place of tor- 
ment ; the answer was, they have Moses and the prophets, 
let them hear them ; he said nay, father Abraham,but if one 
went unto them from the dead they will repent : if they 
hear not JMoses and the prophets neither will they be per- 
suaded though one rose from the dead ; and we may dis- 
cover if the tree fall toward the south or toward the north, 
in the place where the tree falleth there it shall be, Eccl. 
II c. 3 v. And now the question is who is the rich man? 
Answer,*every man that neglects his duty towards his God, 
Eph. 6 c. 11 v. the commandment is to put on the whole 
armor of God that ye may be able to stand against the 
wiles of the devil, by neglecting to do this that he may 
become rich in the goods of this world, for Paul said if 
our gospel be hid it is hid from them which the God of 
this world hath blinded their eyes, notwithstanding they 
have plenty of this world's goods and are rich in the sight 
of men, they are poor in the sight of God, and that kind 
of poverty will take them to hell if they return not to God 
in time, Thes. 2 c. 11, 12 v. now the poor man represents 
Jesus Christ, he had no whereto lay his head among these 
rich Jews, he layeth at their gates, he knocketh at their 
doors, to give hi n entrance that he might receive their 
crumbling hearis, that they might live in time and in eter- 
nity, they would not receive him, he died without their 



[35] 
gates, and angels came unto him ; and so we find we m l 'st 
become poor in order to get rich; now all men who seek 
God with a pure heart is counted poor in the sight of the 
world but they are rich through the blood of Christ which 
cleanseth from all sin ; this is the way beloved, in which 
we find Jesas Christ our salvation the high priest of our 
suffering, the supporter of our infirmity, and our defender, 
through him we raise our aspiring looks to heaven and 
behold the celestial mansion as in a glass, through him 
the eyes of our hearts are opened, through him our fool- 
ish and darkened understandings are renewed in his mar- 
vellous light, through him God hath willed us to taste im- 
mortal knowledge, who being the glory and the light of 
his magnificence is much greater than the angels; by how 
much he hath obtained a more excellent name than they, 
for it is written, who maketh his angels spirits and his min- 
isters a flame of fire, but of his son the Lord hath said, 
thou art my son this, day I have begotten thee, and again 
he saith unto him, set thou at my right hand until I make 
thine enemies thy foot stool, Ps. 10 c. but who are his 
enemies ? wicked men, and those who oppose his will. 
The following passages are beautiful and affecting in the 
highest degree : " why are there amongst us contentions, 
wrath, envying, schism, and war, have we not one God and 
one Christ and one spirit of grace poured out upon us, 
and is there not one vocation in Christ ? why do we tear 
asunder and rend the members of Christ? take ye into 
your hands the epistle of the blessed Apostle Paul, study 
what he hath written unto you, immediatelv in the begin- 
ning of his address; certainly being divinely inspired, he 
admonishes us respecting himself and Cephas and Apol- 
las in his epistle; there were even then amongst you fac- 
tions and parties, but surely in that inclination of mind 
ye sinned less, in that ye were disposed bv the affection 
towards the Apostle, eminent by good report, and toward 
the men approved by them, he who hath the charity that 
is in Christ will keep Christ's commandments, who by 
words can express the bond of the charity of God, for what 
is capable of representing its beauty in the highest degree 
to which charity bf ars us is inexpressible ; charity unites 
us to God, charity covereth a multitude of sins, charity 
supports us in all things, charity patiently endureth all 



C 36 3 . 

things, nothing illiberal nor sordid is to be found in char- 
ity, nothing proud, charity knoweth not schism, charity 
moveth no sedition, charity devoteth all things in love, in 
charity all the elect of God becomes perfect, not that I 
believe that one half of the bulk of man was elected 
from all eternity to be saved and the other half to be as- 
signed to hell, for the Lord said look unto me and be ye 
saved all the ends of the earth, for I am God and there is 
none else, and every knee shall bow, and every tongue 
shall confess, Ish. 45 c. 22 v. without charity nothing is 
acceptable unto God, in charity God takes us unto himself, 
by reason of that charity which the Lord Jesus Christ 
hath extended to us, he gave his blood for us, according 
to the will of God, and his flesh for our flesh, and his soul 
for our souls ; you may see brethren how great and mar- 
vellous is charity ; its perfections are not to be declared, 
who is to be found in it except those whom God has deemed 
worthy, let us pray therefore and beseech with entreaties 
that we may be esteemed worthy of it, and that blameless, 
we may pass our lives in charity, those who live in love 
and charity would rather that they themselves, not their 
neighbors, fall into misfortune; the generous self devotion 
of Moses as related in the 32d chapter of Exodus, who 
thus continues, oh, mighty charity! oh, insuperable perfec- 
fection ! his servant freely speaking to the Lord, entreat- 
eth pardon for the people, or desireth that he himself may 
be destroyed with them, this is great charity indeed. About 
352 years after the flood Abraham was born, according to 
my calculation ; second, about 140 years after the death 
of Joseph, God delivered the children of Israel; before 
Christ 1499 years, God gave the law on Mount Sinah, at 
that time there was a small glimmering light which gave 
the people of God great encouragement, still to look for- 
ward and trust in the Lord, but more especially when Mo- 
ses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, seeing that they 
were severely scourged for their transgressions, being bit 
by the serpent then seeing the wonderful cure by looking 
on the brazen serpent that Moses made ; that was a type 
of Christ which was a great light unto them, Num. 21 c. 
7, 8, 9, vs., Joh. 3 c 14 v. and as Moses lifted up the ser- 
pent in the wilderness, that the people might see him and 
be cured ; now in our day we as ministers lift him up in 



[37] 
our hearts that sinners may see our good walks and hear 
our good counsel, that they may come to Christ and be 
healed from all their maladies ; but seek ye first the king- 
dom of God and his righteousness, and all these things 
shall be added unto you, Mat. 6 c. 33 v. these servants 
of God are representing the true church of Christ, this is 
a square- number consisting of the twelve disciples, in al- 
lusion to the number of the. church of the old testament, 
who were the true and genuine offspring of the twelve patri- 
arch^' and to the church of the new testament of the off- 
spring of the twelve apostles. It is also the number of 
the new Jerusalem, the church of Christ is expressed by 
this number here because at that very time all those heads 
offamilies had been brought into her bosom, which consti- 
tuted the genuine lineage of the old dispensation and such 
of the church of Christ as by their posterity will reach the 
gates of the new Jerusalem, this you may call mercy unto 
thousands of jhem that loveth God, this great mercy re- 
minds me of the time God told me to go forth and preach 
the gospel, and said unto me fear not and I taking encour- 
agement trusted in his word and started on my circuit a 
foot, and preached as I went, and God worked great won- 
ders to my astonishment. 

On the 17th of July 1822, in the morning, I started on 
to my appointment from Attleborough, in Pennsylvania, 
going to New Hope I saw on the fence before me a milk 
white bird, and I thought it was a pigeon walking on the 
fence, and it seemed so tame I thought within myself I 
would catch it, I walked towards it and I lifted up my v 
hand, and it stopped and I thought in my mind I would 
eatch it, when I got to .it my heart failed me, and I looked 
at it for some time, and while standing looking at it I felt 
very awful, and then concluded in my mind I would not 
catch it, then I- started on and left it, and it looked after 
me ; when I had got about ten rods it flew and came close 
right over my head, it went on about five rods before me 
and lit on the fence, then J resolved in my mind to catch 
it, I would, I lifted up my hand again and stopped still as 
before, and I went towards it and when I got in reach of 
it, I lifted up my hand to catch it, 5m awful fear came over 
me, and so I only clapped my hand on its head, and rubbed 
it on the back to the the tail, and I stood in a maze for 

D 



some time, and it appeared that a voice said unto me go 
lbrth and preach the word, and great shall be your reward 
and so from that time to this I have strove to do that duty 
to God and my fellow creatures, notwithstanding my many 
failures and short-comings ; thank the L'ord my head is 
yet above the water, my sail is yet hoisted for heaven and 
immortal glory, my prayer is still that he would give us the 
pure word of general grace, that we may preach to all the 
sinful race, and point them to the all atoning blood, and 
then great shall be the preacher's crown in time arM eter- 
nity ; I have had a discovery of that star out of Jacob, and 
a sceptre shall arise out of Israel, that rejected people, 
the Lord has opened a gate in the vineyard, and the gate 
will never be shut only by disobedience, Num. 24 c. 17 v. 
In the year of 1S16, in March 26, I left the methodist 
episcopal church after this about twelve years, a certain gen- 
tleman who called himself a lawyer, I being in company 
with him he swore in my presence and I took him to task 
lor it, and he said I suppose you are one of them metho- 
dist who say it is wrong to swear ; I answered and said 
that I was a methodist, and he said that he believed 1 was 
a liar, 1 then pulled out a methodist discipline to prove- 
to him that I was, and by that book he proves to me that 
I was not a member by discipline, for no man can be a cit- 
izen of the United States unless he takes the oath of alle- 
giance, says he, then I discovered where I was in an error 
and had to leave the book and take to my own knowledge 
to vindicate my own cause, by pointing him to the ninth 
Psalm, seventeenth verse; I knew he was a wicked man 
by swearing, for it says the wicked shall be turned into he!'. 
and again, upon the wicked he shall rain snares of fire and 
brimstone, and a horrible tempest, this shall be the portion 
of their cup, for Solomon said in a multitude of counsel 
there is safety, so I say too, for I found it so, I pointed 
him to Rev. 3 c. IS v. there is my counsel and here I got 
by the monster ; then lie turned and said unto me, is all 
things possible with-God ? I said yes, then said lie can God 
make two hiils and no valley between ? and I said yes, I 
answered, for when lie made our first parents they ■were 
two hills and there was no valley between; until he viola- 
ted the law, and ever since that there has been a valley 
between men, but once and a while wc can find a bridge, 



[39] 
that is the rock. Christ Jesus, and thus finding myseli so 
disappointed I resolved to join an institution that I could 
receive the right thereof, without respect to person, for we 
are commanded to do to all men alike, or else never see 
God's face in glory, for some say let me die the death of 
the righteous, and let my last end be like theiis, and how 
can this be expected unless we live the life of the righteous; 
this is a tiling out of the question,, for the Devil cannot 
punish a righteous man in hell, for the fire that he has is 
abov^jiis power, it is thunder proof, water proof, and it 
has been tryed by the wicked, their power failed and the 
power of this fire stood; you see an example of this by the 
three Hebrew children, that all the paths of the righteous 
are ensured, and their kingdom by God himself, Dan. 2 
c. 35, 45 vs, now for the consolation of all miuisters, that 
is inspired by God to go forward and preach the gospel, 
and now these passages of scripture is enough for us to 
consider upon, the right of them, for the good of our own 
souls, for we are commanded to pray for all men in author- 
ity, from the President of the United States, Vice Presi- 
dent, the Secretary, Treasurer, and all the departments of 
state, and all. the different officers, to the different houses 
of congress, and to the different states. of legislature, and 
all the minor officers, under these, as ministers and hearers, 
•ught at all times to pray without ceasing to God in their 
behalf,, that they may enact such laws to destroy the works 
of the Devil, that mercy and peace might meet together 
and righteousness and truth kiss each other, then Zion's 
wheels would be uncloged, then we would all go ninety 
times swifter in one hour than they do on the rail road ; I 
now refer you to this solemn passage Ex. 33 c. 14 v. and 
he said my presence shall go with thee, and I will give 
thee rest, this is the path of great delight, 2d Kings 4 c. 
40 v. Oh thou man of God there is death in the pot, let 
us mindlhis one thing that our pot be clean, and wash 
our meet clean, and then it will be good ; I now address 
myself again to my dear readers. 

When I joined the African Methodist Episcopal church 
some of my white brethren told me that I had disgraced 
myself by joining that church, and yet they were not wil- 
ling to give me a chance to«do what the Lord had com- 
manded me, but I understand that, you shall not muzzle 



[40] 
the ox that treads out the corn, for God careth for him ; 
I stated unto them that during the twelve years they never 
had a charge against me, then I related unto them that I 
did no more crime than the Rev. Mr. Wesley, when he 
left the church of England, for it was well known that he 
was under that discipline, and when he left that he formed 
another for. himself to govern his people, but never left 
any law that I could see, that could raise me to any em- 
inence as a minister ; the parish I support I would wish to 
he protected by, and since I joined the African metJMdist 
episcopal church we stand without respect to person and 
do as we would be done by, see Mat. 7 c. 12 v. but we 
had a long trial before we could gain the union, but God 
did work in our behalf and by our religious walks and 
good conduct, we gained the approbation of our great 
men to give us authority to go according to !aw,and as long 
as we keep within bounds we have no fear but what they will 
protect us as a people, for man is fully sufficient to make 
himself virtuous, it only requires a firm and steady resolu- 
tion to be so, and of this resolution he himself is master 
at his own pleasure, as all our disorders are not the effect 
of sin, but consequent of our limited nature, all evil in- 
clination may be overcome by reason with the grace 
and assistance of God ; our happiness is in our own power 
and we may change our habits and disposition by a mere 
philosophic use of the natural and christian means in our 
hands ; what great progress have we not made in the arts 
;*nd sciences, in civilization and politeness; to what a great 
degree of illumination has the human mind arrived since 
the days of the reformation ? superstition is turned out of 
door, the wings of fanatacism and enthusiasm will now 
soon be sufficiently clipped, we soon will have a rational 
body of energetic rules for a more reasonable explanation 
of the bible, and are already furnished with means suffi- 
cient to determine the flowers of the Hebrew po'etry and 
the bold flight and fire of oriental genius. Blessed be 
God. We now say a little more of Creeds and Confes- 
sion of Faith. Our province is the practice and moral 
part of religion, whether they believe in one God or twen- 
ty Gods, that will neither pick my pockets nor break my 
legs; these are just inferences and a true explanation of 
word-:. .1 am increased with goods and have need for 



nothing, by which the Lord refers to those boasting 
of acquired' abilities in religion and virtue, for this 
cause, the Colonization Society have taken up the cause 
of the sons of Ethiopia, as they say, in order that we may 
gain knowledge, in trying to move us to the scorching- 
shores of Africa, for we are so ignorant in this land we 
cannot gain knowledge, they say; it is impossible that I 
will leave them and their God, for a farther consideration, 
for I see the French, the Dutch, the Irish and the Indian, 
all these must be the children of the wise woman, and we 
th^yidren of the simple, for they can come here and 
leararThe arts and sciences of man, both civil and religious, 
and still they say we must go to Africa before we can get 
ours ; but, however, according to scripture, that great 
book, we would wish to go by in time, so we by this great 
regulator, which is«the bible, to a have a good time in 
eternity. "And hath made of one blood all nations of 
men for to dwell on all the face of the earth." Acts, 17 c. 
36 v. With one blood he will save all menthat come un- 
to him, and that is the blood of Christ, and that blood is 
as free for the sons of Ethiopia as the king on his throne, 
and according to scripture,, he that rejects it and will not 
receive it will go to hell, let him be as white as snow or 
black as ink. Judge ye what I say and think for your- 
selves ; and we are commanded to pray for all men that 
are in authority, and we pray for those who are engaged in 
trying to separate us, and likewise do pray for" the Colo- 
nization Society — " And let them alone, for if this coun- 
cil or this work be of men it will come to naught, but if it 
be of God, ye cannot overthrow it, least haply ye, be 
found even to fight against God." Acts, 5 c. 38, 39 v. 
Rev. 3 c. 18 v. Now let the counsel of God, dear son, 
suffice for all true ministers, with faith and obedience ; let 
us yield to that glorious death, for the scripture saith, that 
all things shall work together for good to them that love 
him, "and from the days of John the Baptist until now, the 
kingdom of heaveri.suffereth violence, arid the violent take 
it by force ; this is not an evil violence, but it is a holy zeal 
of loving God with all your heart, glory in tribulation, for 
Jove worketh no ill to his neighbor." Math. 11 c. 12 v. 
For we know by grace that tribulation worketh patience, 
patience experience, experience hope, and hope maketh 

D2 



not ashamed, because the love of God is shed abroad in 
the heart ; this is the violence, thus we take the kingdom, 
for Christ said unto his deciples, " be ye, therefore, wise 
us serpents and harmless as doves;" this zeal the devil and 
all his combined forces cannot overthrow, for it is linked 
in that stone that was cut out of the mountain without 
hands ; this is the reason that hands cannot overthrow it, 
and by this we stand. If I s'tart/rom here in a ship to go 
lo England I know before I start that 1 must go to the ship 
and go on board, and if I expect to reach England I must 
take care not to fall over board, and obey the ordjgkof 
the captain, then I have a pleasant passage, for I hav^iis 
smiles and sweet counsel by my obedience ; and when the 
bhip gets into port, I then enter into the great city, and go 
at large. By this let us learn a lesson and look weli to 
die land mark, and know that we stantl on the equal ofjus- 
tice, if so we can part on the level of truth. Now I warn 
the sinner, tiie moralist, the self-righteous, the infidel, ac- 
cording to the scriptures, Jesus Christ is the great ship of 
safety, he is now lying in port, calling for passengers, all 
his captains are dressed in uniform and with one voice 
they say peace, and peace it is. Now it is certain that 
vre must go to the ship in order that we may get to the 
glorious city, we must keep on board of the ship until she 
arrives in port, and then we can enter into the great city, 
and live with God, no more to die. Dear friends, it is 
one thing to go in this ship and another thing to stay on 
board, fir the word .sa'nh " be }'e watchful unto prayer 
least you fall from your steadfastness." By this we may 
.'ipe that there is danger in falling, if we do not continue 
in prayer, for prayer is the key that unlocks heaven, and 
Jets the blessings down into the soul. Unbelief is another 
key that locks the heavens against the sou!, for Judas, as" 
soon as he ceased praying, the heavens were closed against 
jiim for thirty pieces of silver. And I am afraid that there 
arc thousand now who will shut heaven against themselves 
for the sum of six and aquarter cents or a less sum. Let 
ms take heed to ourselves least we fall like Babylon of old, 
<'o rise no more. "And thou Capernaum which art exalt- 
fi! unto heaven, shall be brought down to hell." Math. 1 J 
<• 2'j v. Hence the wisest part of mankind about the time 
of Ciiiit's birth looked upon this whole system of religion 



-as a just object of ridicule and contempt among the Greek, 
and Romans, more particularly there were many eminent 
men who were perfectly aware of the defects of their reli- 
gion. Mosheim, when speaking of them, judiciously re- 
marks that of these sagacious observers some were desti- 
tute of the weight and authority that were necessary to 
remedy these overgrown evil's, and others wanted the wi)l 
to exert themselves in such a glorious cause, and the truth 
is none of them had wisdom equal to such a solemn and 
arduous enterprise. This appears manifest from the labo- 
riousjajjlkuseless efforts of some of* the Greek and Roman 
philo^^iers against the vulgar, superstitions. Nem 
was the first emperor who enacted laws against the Chris-, 
tians, in this he was placed by Domitian Maseus Antoni- 
us, the philosopher Ceverus and the other Emperors who 
indulged the prejudices they imbibed against the deciples 
of Jesus Christ. It would have been surprising if,under such 
a monster as Nero, the christian. enjoyed the sweetness of 
tranquility and freedom ; but this was far from being the 
case, for this perfidious tyrant accused them of having set 
fire to the city of Rome, that horrible crime which he 
himself had committed, with a barbarous pleasure of char- 
ging this crime upon the innocent christians; he so order- 
ed matters that the punishment should bear some resenir 
blance to the offence, he therefore caused some of them to 
be wrapted up in combustible garments and ordered the 
fire to be set to them while the darkness came on, that thus 
like torches they might dispel the obscurity of the night, 
while others were fastened to crosses or torn to pieces by 
wild beasts ; and this horrid persecution was set. on foot hj 
the month of November in the 64th year of Christ ; and it 
is according to some of the ancient accounts, Paul and 
Peter suffered martyrdom, though the latter fact is con- 
tested by many as being irreconcilable with Chronology. 
The death of Nero, who perished in the year 68, put an 
< j nd to the calamities of the first persecution, under which, 
during the space of four years, the christians suffered every 
sort of torment and affliction, which the ingenous cruelty 
of their enemies could invent. This account is according 
to history; my object is not to cast any stigma upon any 
sect or society of people, only to show their disposition to- 
wards Christ, for we are informed that charity doesxover 



L " J 

a multitude of sins, and as long as we have ail sinned and 

havfc come short of the glory of God, it is right that who- 
soever gets knowledge from God it is a duty encumbent 
upon him to do all to teach others of our fellow creatures 
that men are dependent on on each other, like one 
man's hand; if one finger is affected the whole system feels 
the shock, and so in the christian church, if one member is 
defective the whole feels it, either by getting drunk, lying, 
stealing, violating the sabbath, taking God's name in vain, 
or committing adultery, or the man with two wives 
or the woman with three husbands, or by pride, selfijaght- 
eousness and self-exaltation; these are the capital^nmes, 
if a man dies with these sins, he must undoubtedly go to 
hell. ' For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall 
burn unto the lowest hell." Deut. 32 c. 22 v. This is 
the consequence of all those that live and die in their sins. 
Now, dear reader, seriously consider upon the value of 
your soul, the shortness and uncertainty of time, and the 
duty which you all owe to God, with the awful conse- 
quence of living and dying in sin. Now for God's sake, 
from this time resolve, by the help of God, that you will 
serve him by breaking off from all evil practices, and by 
shuuning all unnecessary wicked company and begin to 
close every day with God, having your minds solemnly 
fixed on him, and your hearts drawn out in fervent prayer 
after him, to seek to know God, will every day convince 
you with a fixed determination through the help of Christ, 
to do it with joy ; to live to-day as you would wish to die 
to-morrow, daily expecting to give an account to the Su- 
preme Judge of the universe, that it may be well with you 
here in death, and then in the world to come. God will 
be thy friend ; this is the consolation of every christian 
that has lived in this world, and while receiving the whole 
communion, there is but one table, and we ought so to 
consider it, for Christ had his table in the wilderness and 
led five thousand without any respect to persons, with five 
barley loaves and two small fishes; and Jesus said make 
die men sit down. ; now there were much grass in the place 
■M) the men sat down about five thousand in number, and 
•Ifsus took the loaves and when he had given thanks he 
distributed to the deciples and the decrples to them that 
wcxf -*n down, and likewise of the fishes ; and when they 



[ 45 ] 

had eaten he told thbm to gather up the fragments that 
none might be lost, and there were twelve baskets left of 
the five barley leaves of which they had eaten. See 6 c. 
of John. Search ye the scriptures for in them ye think ye 
have eternal life. What a t thing, it is for a man to be de- 
ceived in regard Jo his everlasting welfare. We ought to 
search our hearts with a scrutinizing eye, looking to Jesus 
for help, and with an humble reliance upon him as our 
rock and our salvation. 



Cdtaider this one thing, all we that come to the holy 
comSmion, we must come withouj; malice, without hating 
ou» neighbor, with a heart resigned to do unto our neigh* 
bo"r as we would wish that he should do unto us. This V 
a thing that will justify us before God, for he said " for 
my flesh is meat indeed and my blood is drink indeed ; he 
that eateth my flesh and drinketh my blood dwelleth in 
me and I in him ;" this is without respect to persons. — 
Here I would, wish to make a few remarks in order to re- 
move any thing like prejudice. 

I once belonged to another church ; in leaving them I 
did not think that there were no good people among them, 
but it was-because some of those that governed the church 
did not do me that justice that I thought God demanded 
of me, and for that reason, seeing there were two evils, I 
thought I would take the least. In order to give a clear 
view of this I will offer two examples. First, if the Presi- 
dent of the United States, through his kindness and. benev- 
olence should build a house large enough to hold a bible 
for every man in the United States, and then sends the 
Vice-President to deal out these bibles to every individual 
as they called for them without money or price. And now 
as intelligible men, consider in your judgment who they 
ought'to return thanks to, the President or the Vice-Pres- 
ident. I think I would say that you owe your allegiance 
to the President ; still that would not hinder you from b$- 
i'ng thankful to the Vice-President aijd wishing him well 
.for the attendance. 1 am speaking, unto wise men, judge 
ye what I say, for I would wish to do justice to all men 
while I live, that it may be well with me in eternity. 

The Quakers or the Friends, so called, have a claim on 
us for their sincere services in getting us a free building 
for schools, in order that we might read the word of God. 



[ 46 j 
that we might be useful men in our generation. Money, 
we have none to give to them, but the sincere prayer, we 
intend to offer up unto God in their behalf, that they may 
prosper in time., and at the last day, we hope that they mav 
enter the fair gates of glory, and there to spend a glorious 
eternity; for prayer will do more good in time, than in 
eternity : we shall then experience rest with God. " 1 
was glad when they said unto me, let us go up unto the 
house of the Lord;" this will do more good than the world 
full of your monuments, for all these things will fflik bul 
the word of God will stand forever. But what sflH we 
then do brethren, shall we cease from good works ; shall 
we forsake charity? God by no means permitteth us to do 
this; but that we should be constant in performing witli 
diligence and alacrity of mind, every good work. The 
Lord the maker of all excellent in his work, for lie estab^ 
lished the heavens by his high and mighty power, and 
adorned them with his incomprehensible wisdom, he di- 
vided the earth also, from the waters, surrounded and pla- 
ced them upon the foundation of his own will as a firm 
tower The animals likewise, with which it is filled he 
commanded to he his own; the sea also, and the liv- 
ing creatures therein. He first created by his power, a 
being most excellent of all, and exalted in the highest de- 
cree, by the dignity of intelligent man, in the image of his 
own likeness, and with sacred and sinless hands ; all these, 
when he had surveyed, he blessed. Having this example 
then, let us dil gently obey his will, and with all our 
.-trenjrth, work the work of righteousness. Beloved, how 
precious and wonderful are the gifts of God; life in im- 
mortality, glory in justice, truth in liberty, faith in confi- 
dence, temper:;; ce in holiness, all which are certainly known 
unto us ; how great then, must be those things, which 
are prepared for those who wait upon the Lord, the holy 
creator and farther of ages ! Knowing their extent, and 
their beauty, let us, therefore, seriously endeavor to be 
found among the number of those who look for him, so 
that we may be made partakers of his promised gifts. 

But in what manner, beloved is this to be done. If 
our thoughts are established by faith in God: if we dili- 
gently seek after those things winch are pleasing and ac- 
ceptable unto him : if we have done those things which 



are according to his pure will: a^pd if we have followed 
the ways of truth, throwing from us. ail injustice, iniquity, 
contention, malice, fraud, whispering, envying, hatred to 
God, pride, bearing vain glory, ambition, for those who 
do these are abominations to God ; and not only those 
who do them, but those who consent to' them, "because 
the carnal mind is enmity against Gad.'' Rom. 8 c. 7 v. 
Now, be it known to all that the great conflict must first 
commence with our own hearts before we can rally around 
the iBod stained banner of Christ, for the defence af his 
church, and that only begins when in the day of God's 
power the sinner's eyes are opened, and he turned from 
darkness to light, and from the power of sin ami satan 
unto the living God, that he may, by a spiritual arm and 
divine assistance, combat his own corruption and fight the 
good fight of faith in the presence of the Lord. Only 
those persons then, truly and experimentally acquainted 
with Christ, can take an effectual share in this conflict of 
the church, under her great captain; and all i hose who 
do endure manfully to the end, shall overcome the enemies 
of Christ, in their desperate attempt against his church, 
and in due time shall eat of the tree of life, in which the 
tree in Eden was only the type from which Adam was pre- 
vented to eat after the fall, by his being banished out of 
paradise. It was customary with the ancient Hebrews 
and many of the eastern nations, to te>m every thine- 
very beautiful, salutary or glorious, a tree of life; but here 
it seems to convey the peculiarity of immortality, in a state 
of innocence and fruition of God, of which our first par- 
ents is only a figure. According to the scripture of tlie 
Percians, the tree of life grows in the midst of the foun- 
tains of immortality upon the holy mount, right in the 
centre of the world, the sun is at its meridian ; he scatters 
his array from east to west, from north to south,- in order 
that all .the sons of God may meet together on the square 
of justice and part on the level of truth. Here is the 
mother of'rivers from whence this heavenly element ex- 
tends itself frequently with the germ of life, for plants,trees 
animals and men, over all the earth. This tree of life is. 
no doubt, a symbol of Jesus Christ, and of the blessed 

effects of his redemption to man* See Jon. 6 c. 33 53. 

By these verses a man may see his duty to God and to 



his own soul, who endows his people with immortality and 
eternal life in heaven. This charge next to its general 
use, seems to be particularly intended for the first evan- 
gelical ministry immediately after the apostles' age, which 
has been the time according to church history, when their 
first love had much subsided, when the church was infested 
by false apostles, the Moelatianes and other teachers ol 
heresy of which, however, we now know little more than 
barely their names; and it is well that we do, seeing that 
our lives is so short, our .time so scant, disasters awlSts us, 
a frail nature shrinks, no lease of time that we dan confer 
from one moment to another with any safety to ourselves, 
therefore, let us all set out afresli for heaven, to seek par- 
don for our daily sins: freehy pardoned, for Jesus can 
make a dying bed feel as soft as a downy pillow, and while 
the believer can lean his head on the Redeemer's breast, 
and with joy say, I have fought the good fight, I have 
kept the faith, 1 have done the work thou gavest me to do, 
and now with glory in ray soul 1 breathe my life out 
sweetly here, and to end all my sorrows for an endless 
crown of righteousness which the believer shall wear 
through the countless ages, of eternity, singing hallelujah, 
redeeming love, amen. The sinner will not come and go 
with us, therefore, we must bid him good by, mid escape 
to the mountains looking to the great helm of righteous- 
ness. 

In a single state of life, or a marriage state, let virtue 
be our principal aim and object. We will ever find virtue 
10 be its own reward, in time and eternity, for we often 
deceive ourselves in the choosing of evil rather than good, 
therefore, let us always try to be on our guard, and God 
will enable us, po by grace, not to deviate from the true 
path that leads to life everlasting Dear Brethren abroad, 
in the Lord, notwithstanding we are separated by the 
rigid mountains, rivers, rivalets, and the deep streams, that 
all-searcliiiifj; eye, with the hand of Ins love, will cheer our 
(hinting hearts and give us a full assurance of faith, that 
when we put our trust in him we have nothing to fear while 
facing cold wind, frot and snow, to call our fellow crea- 
tures to the gospel feast. Let us act as wise men, and 
preach the word in its purity, and prove a blessing to the 
'■au e of God in wnich wc have entered both in heart and 



[ 4-9 ] 

hand, for our hearers look to us in order to hear tlie right 
instruction, that they may be justified in time and in eter- 
nity. My deaf fellow-laborers in the gospel of Christ, 
there is something awful in the thought of eternity ; how 
watchful should we be to be prepared to approach the 
judgment seat al the great day, and at his tribunal to hear 
our doom, come ye blessed, depart ye cursed. But if we 
have complyed with charity, our conscience will be clear, 
of having done our duty unto God and all men ; for here 
is a fyty encumbent upon qs, to live such lives before 
the world as will entitle us to the smiles of our blessed 
Redeemer in that decisive hour. Amen. See 2 Tim. 4. 
c. 5 v. But watch ! The intention of preaching 
the gospel is to call sinners from darkness unto light, for in 
that light the sinner may see that he is diseased, and in the 
light of knowledge, he '■ es that Christ is the great physi- 
cian of souls, and if he will act upon the will of his moral 
agency, he can come to Christ. and be healed, like the man 
that was diseased for thirty years, he came to Christ and 
was made whole ; even the blind man who cryed out with 
a loud voice unto Jesus, saying "thou son of David have 
mercy on me ;" this will show free agency as well as mor- 
al agency : the moral agency on the body, the free agency 
on the soul, free to think, free to act, free to pray unto 
God in prison and out of prison. If so, justice is that 
great standard .or boundary of righteousness, which will 
enable us to render to every man his just due, for this kind 
of virtue will strengthen us, so as to comply with all that 
which is good and great,, for after Christ put the clay on 
the man's eyes his eyes was not opened ; and here we see 
there is something to do. Some people say that they have 
nothing to do, for this cause they loose their souls. Take 
notice, that after the clay was on the man's eyes, the next 
thing, was a commandment to goto the pool and wash ; me- 
thinks that if he had not gone to the pool his eyes would 
not have been opened. Therefore, we see it is right for 
us to keep the commandments of God ; obedience was the 
cause of this man's eye* being opened. Well, now is it 
not right whtn God has commanded sinners to come to 
him, and they will not come, how is it possible they can 
receive their sight, for he fs the pool of the gospel? We 
need not now to wait for the angel to come down and 

E 



[ 50 ] 
trouble the water, for we can come imlo him by night or 
day, lor God is a spirit, and seek to worship him in spirit 
and in Iruth, for love covereth a multitude of sins, for 
brotherly love binds us hand in hand, and heart to heart, 
so that we can stand in the sanctuary of the most high ; 
we can always find shelter, and have that pleasent gale 
that drives away the fear of death and makes wicked mcit 
and devils stand back, while here we say peace, that peace 
the world cannot give nor take away. It is like the pre- 
vious ointment on the head and dory in the soul : this is 
more than the world can find out. 

We;' the ministers of God, ought to bind up his sacred 

testimonies and seal his holy law in our hearts, and in the 

faith stand fast and continue to look for him that dwelled) 

in Mount Sinah. It is a duty they owe to God to instruct 

the simple in the knowledge cf the gospel, so that we may 

all live in peace in time and in eternity ; together we 

.itand but if divided we are sure (o fall and great will be 

that fall ; this is well known to the ignorant men, for the 

wise man Solomon said, in the multitude of counsel there 

is great safety; this will answer in civil and religious 

government, for union is the strength of ail society, jus- 

lice is her wall, love is her foundation, and victory is her 

cover. See Isa, 8 c. 10 v. Warning ihr ministers to 

keep concealed the mysteries and counsels delivered unto 

diem, from the devil; that, is, always to keep Christ in 

your hearts. D.eut. 29 e. 29. Hold fast to the great 

faith in Christ, every day is a day of benevolence, and we 

:;■: ministers, ought so to receive it, sincerity and plain 

dealing in preaching the word with a pure heart. And 

now the lite and death of him that sayeth I am a minister 

: : 'cnt from Got! unto a nation to call them to come to Christ, 

and when the people come inquiring the way to Cod, he 

could not tell them, nor show them nothing hut the road, 

that is the bible ; and he could toil them no dangers that 

was in ti.e road, and when his time was out with them he 

left them worse than he found the: 1 ! : he led them for the 

ileece and not for the soul : lie delighted mere in the sums 

• :f money that he got than the souls he could win to Christ. 

How is it possible that I can tell the people any thing of the 

law and the situation of purgatery.imless God by revelation 

or some apostle, or in his sacred writing.had given me some 



[51 ] 
true statement of such a stateor place f If this is a wonder to 
the people.hovv is it possible that men can preach Christ and 
never have received him ? Remember that the devil can 
come in the light of an angel, and can show great won- 
ders, but he betrays himself by having no love, for when 
pn the mount speaking unto our Lord, he thought that he 
was about to do wonders; the third time he spake he did 
his best by telling Christ if he would fall down and wor- 
ship him he would give him all the kingdoms of the earth ; 
in this he did his best, and it was a lie at last, for he has 
not got the hell where he dwells, for hell has him. • Here 
is the effects of having no love and truth ; in like manner, 
by others we fear that God has nevert called them, for 
when I see a minister preaching one thing to his hearers 
and do another, I am lost in wonder what will be the con- 
sequence to this man, if so living and so dying, he must 
be lost to all eternity ; he may read his sentence in the 
23d chapter of Jeremiah. 

The life of a christian minister is always to hold fast 
unto union with love and fidelity; to love God with all 
his heart, with all his soul, with all his might and strength, 
his neighbor as himself, When one of these men stand 
in a place to preach, God attends the word with power and 
energy ; like Peter in the day of Pentecost, and three 
thousand souls were pricked to the heart and the commence- 
ment of the speed of the everlasting gospel ; the fire that 
was kindled at the death of our Lord on the cross, it 
buriit with love and great zeal; that is the reason the dev- 
il and Tom Payne, with the combined powers of hell have 
never been able to {mench it, it is defended by God's pow- 
er, for the Lord said the gospel of the kingdom shall be 
preached to all the world and to all nations, and then 
shall come the end : the end of all our sorrows and trou- 
bles, and death. What a glorious day this will be to his 
officers ? Then with joy when they hear the great rumor 
of that dreadful war and commotion, the cries of the wick- 
ed when seeing the hatches of hell snatched away, to let 
them down : the righteous will say amen, to their damna- 
tion : no more gospel for them to hear. 

Now, sinners, I warn .you, as from the mouth of God, 
come and go with us, that yeu may escape the wrath of 



that great day. Come now and delay not, lest the spirit 
of God should cease to strive with you : like Noah's dove 
to take its flight and no more to return. - We read of wars 
and commotions, now this is nothing compared with thaf 
great and notable day. Behold the fig tree now in ten- 
der buding ; O shepherd ! hark ye, and wake, and hear 
the cries of bleeding Zion! While the celestial sun is yet 
shining, let us act our part like pure hearted men and flv 
unto Jesus and beg for sinners for God to have mercy on 
them, for we see by the revelation of God, the earth will 
burn, the moon will bleed, the sun will be turned into dark- 
ness, and behold ! the comets will blaze through the sk} , 
and then you will hear Jesus say unto his watchmen, 
leave the walls of Zion. The trumpet ic to be blown no 
more : and he will say, come ye blessed, enter into the 
kingdom which I have prepared for you, well and faithful 
have you run j'our course to the end of life, and here is a 
crown for' ycu : while entering, O hear the shouts, the 
loud hallelujah of the church militant ! Triumphant arc 
we come together to part no more : the glorious song will 
be sung, victory, we have overcome, and to enter into 
that great assembly the church of the first born. Now to 
the wicked look back O my soul and wonder, could it be 
possible that an intelligent man or woman, could neglect 
their soul's salvation, while the gospel trumpet was sound- 
ing unto them to awake and fly to Jesus, for there is no 
other help found, nor no other name given whereby 
man can have salvation ! But their excuse was, thai 
while the lamp holds out to burn, they had time enough. 
But what I understand by the lamp's burning is, while {he 
spirit of God is striving with man, for God said to the an- 
tideluvian world, my spirit shall not always strive with 
man, and then when God had shut Noah into the ark, the 
spirit ceased to strive with them, so it was with Sodom 
when Lot went out.of it, it rained fire and brimstone, and 
! his was David's language. See 11 Ps. 6 v. Sinners 
now ought to consider this sentence, for I warn you as for 
eternity, to consider, it is for the interest of your never dy- 
ing soids. Consider when God's thunder begins to roll, 
,iik1 the el ments with its awful terror spliting the earth, 
rendinp- the rocks, the lightning flashing from pole to pole, 
the wind blowing, the seas boiling ; while in your house-. 



L a3 J 

shut up, they tuifible, and your heart trembles worse, and in 
the awful agony of your souk you are brought to cry unto 
God for mercy. But,0 my God,to think of that awful day, 
when lie shall call the seven thunders to utter their voices 
and shake the globe from pole to pole, and fling his light- 
ning abroad ; send Gabriel with his trump to sound the 
echoes through earth and down to hell ; to call the na- 
tions great and small ; when the seas shall roll her mil- 
lions to the shores in order to come to judgment. Look 
and behold the turfy graves and marble pillars give way! 
Awake, the voice of God through his angel are sounding! 
your day of doom is come : here comes the horse' gam- 
bler, the card player, the gambler, the sportsman, the 
adulterer, the fornicator, and all liars, the ball-room crew, 
the theatre company, who have neglected to repent of 
their sins ; here him say to the damned, give back, give 
way ye antideluvians, ye Sodomites, to let down these 
gospel-slighters, these heaven-darers, God-provoking, to 
the lower caverns of hell ; these are my enemies that 
fought against me and my people, and trampled down the 
blood of my everlasting covenant, under their unhallowed 
feet. They would not regard the voice of my master, but 
still call for swift destruction, and think you are like the 
troubled sea that cannot rest night nor day ; you lived 
devoid of peace, a thousand stings in your breast which 
still deprive your souls of ease; your way is dark and leads 
down to hell ; why will you still pursue ? O think, can 
you in endless torment dwell, shut up in black despair ? 
in pain you travel all your days, to reap eternal wp! but 
now just stop. O think, your bones are not iron, your 
ilesh is not brass, and if it was hell, fire will be as a moth 
to you, through the countless ages of eternity ; but now 
you have time to hear the gospel and attend to the duties 
which God has called upon you to perform, by bowing to 
the sceptre of his word, renouncing sin, submit to your 
sovereign Lord and learn his will divine. O fellow crea- 
tures, this is the state of free grace, will you come, for it 
will soon be too late, the way of life in Christ is for you to 
choose ; therefore, come, lay your carnal weapon by, no 
longer fight against your Lord, but now comply with the 
gospel and heaven shall be your great reward in the great 
dav of eternity. Your beloved friend wishes you these 

E2 



[ 5¥T ^ 
things, to perform in time at least, else it may be too late 

Now a 1'ew remarks relating to historical accounts. 

Gen. 1st Chap. Sect. 1st. This book is bo called 
from its treating of the generation, that is, of the creation 
and the beginning of the world. The Hebrews call it 
Bereseth, from the word with which it begins. A firma- 
ment by this name and the highest star, the lower part of 
which, he divideth the waters that are upon the earth from 
those that are above in the clouds. 

1. Two great lights God created on the first day, which 
being moved from east to west by their rising and setting, 
made morning and evening; but on the fourth day he 
ordered aud distributed this light, and made the sun and 
moon, though much less than the stars are here, called a 
great light, from its giving a far greater light to the earth 
than any of the others. 

He rested Sic. that is, be ceased to make or create an\ 
new kind of things, though as our Lord tells us, John 5. 
c. 17 v. he still worketh, viz. by preserving and govern- 
ing all things and creating souls. 

2. The tree of life, so called, because it had that qual- 
ity, that by eating of the fruit of it man would have been 
preserved in a constant state of health, vigor and strength; 
and would not have died at al). 

3- The tree of knowledge, to which the deceitful ser- 
pent falsely assumed the power of imparting a superior 
kind of knowledge beyond that which God was pleased to 
give. 

And the eyes, &;c. Not that they were blind before 
the woman saw that the tree was "fair to the eves, nor that 
they were opened to anymore perfect knowledge of good, 
but only to the unhappy experience of having lost the 
good of original grace aud innocence, and incurred the 
dreadful evil of sin, from whence followed a shame of 
their being naked, winch they minded not before, because 
being now stript of original grace, they quickly began to 
be subject to the shameful rebellions of the llesh : the seed 
« f the woman shall bruise the serpent's head. And Adam 
and Eve, his wife, who conceived and brought forth Cain, 
and auain she brought forth Abel, "and Abel was a keep- 
'-r of sheep, and Cain a tiller of the ground. '' And it ap- 



L. - - J 
pears that Cain slew his brother Abel, because that God 

had respect unto his offering, and there the Lord put a 
curse upon him, and he went away from the face of the 
Lord ; his guilty conscience made him fear his own broth- 
ers and nephews, of whom, by this time, ,there might be 
a good number upon the earth (which now had endured 
nearly one hundred and thirty years, as may be gathered 
from Gen. c. 5. 3 v. compared with 4 c. 25 v.) though in 
the compendious accounts given in scripture, only Cain 
and Abel are mentioned. The more common opinion of 
the interpreters of holy writ, supposes this work to have 
been a trembling of the body, or a horror and constarna- 
tiou in his covenant name ; it is supposed that his wife 
was the daughter of Adam, and Cain's own sister, God 
dispensing with such marriages in the beginning' of the 
world as are now observed, as mankind could not other- 
wise be propagated. He built a city in process of time, 
when his race was multiplied so as to be numerous enough 
to people if, for in the many hundred years he lived, his 
race might be multiplied even to millions. It is the tra- 
dition of the Hebrews, that Lamech, in hunting, slew 
Cain, mistaking him for a wild beast, and that having dis- 
covered what he had done, he beat so unmercifully the 
youth by whom he was led into the mistake, that he died 
of the blows, not that Adam and Seth had not called upon 
God before the birth of Enos, but that Enos used more 
solemnity in the worship and invocation of God. The 
descendants of Seth and Enos are here called sons of God, 
from their religion, and whereas, the ungodly race of 
Cain, who, by their carnal affections, lay grovelling upon 
the earth, are called the children of men ; the consequence 
of the former marrying with the latter, ought to be a war- 
ning to christians to be very circumspect in their mar- 
riages and not to suffer themselves to be determined in 
their choice by their carnal passions, to the prejudice of 
virtue or religion; the meaning is, that man's days, which 
before the flood were usually years, should now be redu- 
ced to a hundred and twenty years, of rather that God 
would allow men this term of a hundred and twenty years 
for- their repentance and conversion, before he would send 
the deluge. It is likely the generality of men before the 



. L 5 M 

ilood were of a gigantic stature in comparison with what 
men now are, but these here spoken of, are called giants, 
as being not only tall in stature but violent and savage in 
their dispositions, and were monsters of cruelty and lust. 
God who is unchangeable, is not capable of repentance 
grief or any other passion, but these expressions are used 
to declare the enormity of the sins of men, which were so 
provoking as to determine their creator to destroy these 
his creatures, whom before he had so much favored. The 
ark according to the dimension here set down contained 
four hundred and fifty thousand square cubits, which was 
more than enough to contain all the kinds of the living 
creatures, with all necessary provision, even supposingthe 
cubits here spoken of to have been only a foot and a half 
each, which was the least kind; however, it appears that 
Noah finished the ark, and that the waters descended up- 
on the earth forty days and nights : before there was a 
secession of water Noah opened one of the windows of the 
ark and sent forth a raven and it did not return into the 
ark, but as may be gathered from the Hebrews, went to 
and fro, sometimes going to the mountains where it found 
carcases to feed upon, and oilier times returning to rest 
upon the top of the ark ; therefore, in the six and first 
-.ear of the first month, the first day of the month, the wa- 
ters were lessoned upon the earth ; in the second month 
the seven and twentieth da}' of the month, the earth was 
dried. 

Noah, by drinking of wine was made drunk and was 
uncovered in his tent. See (Jen. 9 c. 21 v. By the judg- 
ments, the fathers were not guilty of sin in being over- 
come by wine, because they knew not the strength of it. 
Thus, as St. Gregory takes notice, we ought to cover the 
nakedness, that is, the sin of our spiritual parents and supe- 
riors ; the curses as well as the blessings of the patriarchs, 
were prophetical and this in particular is here recorded hv 
:\':>?es for tiie children of Israel who \\cvv to possess the 
land of Canaan; bat why should Canaan be cursed for 
his father's fault? the Hebrew answers, that he being then 
a bov first saw his grandfather's nakedness and told his 
father Shem of it, and joined with him in laughing at it, 
uhich drew upon him, rather than upon tiie rest of the 
ehildren of Shcm, this prophetical curse, not of beast, but 



of men, who by his violence will run into sin nearly of eve- 
ry kind. Abraham said unto his wife, say, I-praythjse, 
thou art my sister, that it may be well with me for thy sake, 
and my soul shall live because of thee. See Gen. 12 c. 
13 v. This was no lie, because. she was his niece, being 
the daughter of his brother Aaron, therefore, in the stile 
of the Hebrews, she might truly be called his sister, as Lot 
is called Abram's brother. See Gen. 14 c. 12 v. Plu- 
rality of wives, though contrary to the primitive institution 
of marriage, was by divine dispensation, allowed to the 
patriarch, which allowance seems to have continued du- 
ring the time of the law of Moses ; but Christ our Lord 
reduced marriage to its primitive institution. See Math. 
c. 19. " What therefore God hath joined together let not 
man put asunder." God tempteth no man to evil. Jas. 
1 c. 13 v. But by trial and experiment maketh known to 
the world and to ourselves, that we are as here by this trial 
the singular faith and obedience of Abraham, was marie 
manifest. Gen. 27 c. 19 c. " And Jacob said, I am 
Esau thy first born, I have done as thou didst command 
me, arise, sit, eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless 
me/' In treating at large upon this place it excuses Ja- 
cob from a lie, because this whole passage was mysterious 
as relating t» the performance which was afterwards to 
be given to the Gentiles before the carnal Jews, which 
Jacob by prohphetic light might understand. So far i> 
certain that the first birth-right,both by divine election and 
by Esau's free cession, belonged to Jacob, so that if there 
was any lie in the case, it could- be no more than an offi- 
cious and venial one. This blessing was to be bestowed 
upon Jocob as a temporal blessing, which caused his 
brother Esau to be very wroth against him, and Jacob 
took a journey to Mesopotamia, tothe house ofLabon,and 
ihere continued for a number of years and become very 
rich. 

We will now consider something about the spiritual 
blessing. Gen. 23 c. 29 v. Jacob asked him and said 
tell me I pray thee thy name;- and he said, wherefore that 
thou doest ask after my name : and he blessed him there. 
Observation. This angtl in human shape, as we learn. 
Ish 45 c. 21 v. I am the first, and I am the last ; and be- 
sides me there is no Gcd. And because he represented 



the poison oi the Son of God this wrestling in which Ja- 
cob, assisted by God, a match for an angel, was so order- 
ed" that lie (see Gen. 32 c. 2S v.) might learn by this ex- 
periment of the divine assistance tiiat neiiher Esau, nor 
any other man should have power to hurt liim in a spirit- 
ual sense. Y-'e wrestle with God by prayer and through 
'nis mercy prevail over him The sons of Jacob on this 
occasion were guilty of a grievous sin, (see Gen. 34) as 
well by fa!s:'y pretending religion, as by excess of their 
revenue : though otherwise their zeal against so foul a 
crime was c<#imendable. It appears that Jacob in his old 
::£'c suliVred many things, even to the loss of his son Jo- 
seph : but by the goodness of God Joseph was powerfully 
blessed in his station and became a great man, although 
his brethren did not like him, because he was blessed with 
tlie power of interpretation, and he was sold by his breth- 
ren to the Lhnaelites and they led him into Egypt. Gen. 
■ 57 c. 2S v These dreams of Joseph were prophetical 
and sent from God, as were also those which he interpre- 
ted otherwise. Generally speaking the observance of 
tlreams is condemned in the scriptures as superstition and 
-mful. Doth not interpretation belong to God ? When 
dreams are from God as these were, the interpretation of 
iiu'iu is a gift cf God, but the generality of dreams are not 
of this sort, but either proceed from the natural habits or 
^'-;;j:' ! .""'" : 5 of persons, or the roving of their imaginations 
hi the (hy, on such objects as they are much affected with, 
nr Ao.ii their mind being disturbed with cares and trou- 
ble-. :md beimi,' oppressed, with bodilv infirmities : or they 

Oil *■ t 

are s'jeaar : ;ted by evil spirits to flatter or to terrify weak 
minds, in order to gain belief, and so draw them into er- 
r.-r or superstition, or at least to trouble them in their 
-Jeep, whom they cannot move when they are awake: so 
that in general, in regard to dreams, is not to observe 
them, nor to give any credit to them. However, Joseph 
now being in Egypt, and was Governor in the land, and 
corn was sold by his direction to the people, and when his 
brethren- had bowed down to him, he knew them, ami he 
: iinembering of the dream which he formally had dream- 
• d, he said unto them, you are spies. Gen. 42 c. 9 v. — 
This he said by way of examining them to see what they 
•.lonld answer, or else by the help of Pharaoh you are 



[ 59 ] 

topics ; that is, if these things you say be proved false you 
are to be held for spies, for your lying shall be treated as 
such. Joseph dealt in this manner with his brethren, to 
bring them by the means of affliction to a sense of their 
former sin, and a sincere repentance for it; however,- Jo- 
seph kept Simeon in bonds, (see Gen. 42 c. 26 v. and Jo- 
seph sent away the rest of his brethren with sufficient pro- 
vision arid their money in the mouth of the sack, on the 
condition of they bringing their youngest brother, which 
was Benjamin. They all returned home to their father's 
house with corn and their provisions and the money in 
the sacks' mouth. Now Jacob was more disturbed on 
the account of his son being in prison and desiring his 
youngest son Benjamin, and when seeing the money in 
every man's sack and they all being astonished togeth- 
er. " And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have 
ye bereaved of my children : Joseph is not, and Simeon is 
not, and ye will take Benjamin away. All these things are 
against me": also see Gen. 37: 35: "I will go down into, 
the grave unto my son mourning. Thus lie wept for 
him." This place called hell, is considered the grave ; 
but is considered by some hell or limbo, the place where 
the saints rested before the coming of Christ, but as my 
idea being short I will say but little about it, and the rea- 
son why, I am not authorized by the bible to tell the peo- 
ple to prepare for any such place, because our Lord savs 
'• And these" Sic. See Mat. 25 c. 4G. By the reading of 
these words thus written, if any philosopher is able to 
show any other place of more safety than the. word of our 
Lord, he must be a. wiser man than Tom Payne, and he 
got into a dark place, and I never heard of his coming out. 
I will conclude by these few remarks, and we will consid- 
er some thing more about Joseph. 

After Jacob consented to let his youngest child go down 
into Egypt, Joseph made himself known unto his breth- 
ren and sent for his father to dwell in that land ; and he 
gave him the land of Goshen a rich and fertile soil, in 
which Jacob and his sons dwelt for years, and multiplied 
to a great number* At the sickness of Jacob his son Jo- 
seph visited him. SeeHeb. lie. 21 v. "By faith Jacob, 
when he was dying blessed both the sons of Joseph and 
worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff." Follow- 



[ 60 ] 

ing the Greek translation of the supiugont reads, adored 
the top of his rod, where, note, that the same word in 
Hebrew according to the different pointing of it, signifies 
both a bed and a rod, and to verity both these sentences 
we must understand that Jacob leaning on Joseph's rod 
adored, turning towards the head of his bed, which ado- 
ration, inasmuch as it was referred to God was an absolute 
and sovereign worship, but inasmuch as it was referred to 
the rod of Joseph (as a figure of 'the sceptre, that is, of the 
royal dignity of Christ) was only an inferior and relative 
honor. After Jacob had blessed the two sons of Joseph, 
he blessed his son and called Reuben his first born. See 
Gen 49 c. 3 v. He calls him his strength, as being born 
while his father was in full strength and vigor; he calls 
him the beginning of his sorrow, because cares and sor- 
row usually come on with the birth of children excelling 
in gifts, 8ic. ; because the first born had a title to a double 
portion, and to have the command over his brethren, which 
Reuben forfeited by his sin being poured out as water, 
that is, spilt and lost; this was not meant by way of a 
curse or imprecation, but by way of prophecy, foretelling 
that the tribe of Reuben should not inherit the pre-emi- 
nence usually annexed to the first birth-right, viz: the 
double portion, the prince or lord over the other breth- 
ren, and the priesthood, of which the double portion was 
-.riven to Joseph, the princely office to Juda,and the priest- 
hood to Levi. The blessing of Juda foretelleth the 
strength of his tribe, the fertility of his inheritance, and 
principal!}' that the sceptre aod legislative power should not 
be utterly taken away from his race until about the time of 
the coming of Christ, as in effect it never was, which is a 
demonstration against the modern Jews, that the Messiah 
is long since come for the sceptre, has long been utterly 
taken away from Juda. Dan shall Judge ; see Gen. 49, 1(5 
This was verified in Samson who was of the tribe of Dan, 
and began to deliver Israel Judg 13 c. 5 v. But as this 
deliverance was but temporal and very imperfect, the holy 
patriarch aspires after another kind of a deliver, saying I 
have waited for thy salvation O Lord, Gad being girded 
a troop shall overcome ; and it seems to allude to the tribe 
of Gad, when, after they had received for their lot the 
land of Gilead, they marched in arms before the Israelites, 



C-* 1 1 

to the conquest of the land of Canaan ; tney afterwards 
returned loaded with spoils. See Josh. \ c. 6. To be- 
hold his beauty whilst his envious brethren turned their 
darts against him, he; his bow rested upon the strong ; 
that upon God who was his strength, who also loosed his 
bands, and brought him out of prison to be the pastor, that 
is the feeder and ruler of Egypt; and the stone, that is, 
the rock and support of Israel ; the blessing of the father, 
that is, thy father's blessings are made more prevalent 
and effectual in thy regard by the additional strength .they 
receive from his inheritance; the blessings of his progeni- 
tors, Abraham and Isaac the desire of the everlasting hills ; 
these blessings all looked forward to Christ, called the de- 
sire of the everlasting hills,as being longed for,as it were,bv 
the whole creation. Mysterially the patriarchs and proph- 
ets are called the everlasting hills by reason of the emi- 
nence of their wisdqan and holiness. The Nazarite ; this 
word signifies one separated, and agrees to Joseph as be- 
ing separated from, and more eminent than his brethren, 
as the ancient Nazarites, were so called from their being set 
aside. For God vowed to him to be gathered to his peo- 
ple, that is, I am going to die and to follow my ancestors 
that are gone before me, and to join their company in an- 
other world. 

Sec. 2. On the book of Exodus, the second book of 
3Joses. 

Exodus, from the Greek word which signifies going 
out, because it contains the history of the going out of 
Egypt of the children of Israel. The Hebrew from the 
word with which it begins that Moses was a child of the 
Hebrews and was caught by Pharaoh's daughter when 
siie saw a basket in the flags afloat in the water,she sent one 
of her maids to bring it hither, and the maid said, shall I 
go and call an Hebrew woman to nurse it ? she answered 
go ; the maid went and called the child's mother to nurse 
it. We thus see the great wisdom of God in the opening 
of ways to lead his children into safe places and providing 
means for their comforts that the world knows not of, for 
some of them he keeps poor in order that they may seethe 
more need of him, that they may act in due form, by 
keeping a pare heart, then their riches will not perish in 
this world as earthly riches, for they go no farther than 

F 



o 



[62 ] 
the grave, but,the riches of a pure heart will stand in time 
and through the countless ages of eternity for God is their 
great ensurance, for the mid-wives feared God : the mid- 
wives were rewarded, not for their lies, wh'rch was a veni- 
al sin, but for their fear of God and their humanity ; but 
this reward was only temporal, in building them houses, 
that is, in establishing and enriching these families. Mo- 
ses, in the Egyptian tongue, signifies one taken or saved 
)tit of the water, and after he was grown up he went to his 
brethren and saw their afflictions, rod an Egyptian strik- 
ing one of his Hebrew brethren, and vhen he looked about 
this way and that way and saw no cm there, he slew the 
Egyptian. This he did by a particular inspiration of 
God, as a prelude to his delivering the people from their 
oppression and bondage. See Act> 7 c. 24 v. But such 
particular and extraordinary examples are not to be imita- 
ted. See Exo. 3 c. 2 v. And the Lord appeared to him 
in a flame of lire out of the midst of a bush, that, is, an au- 
.erel representing God and speaking in his name, I am that 
!. am, being itself eternal, self-existent, independent, infin- 
ite, without beginnim?:, end or change, and the source of 
ail other beings. Titus we see that Moses was on-lined 
for the orcat to.sk of the delivery of the children of Israel, 
otv. loo landing that God hardened the heart of Pharoah. 
or the efficient cause of his sin, but by withsiraw- 
:•-]. ior his just punishment, the dew of grace 
that uficht have softened hi* he tut, and so suffering him to 
orc.v harder and harder, not by being the efficient cause 
iif his hardness of heart, but by permitiitg it, ami by 
v, iffifirav, h:;r erase from him in punishment of his malice, 
v.hich alone was the p: oper cause of Lis being hardened. 
See od Tim. 3 c. S v '• Now as Jaunes and Jambres 
withstood Tdosos. so doth thc.c also resist the truth: men oi 
«'orrupt nam's, '' See.. But now I say, pray yc to the 
Lor--.' ; by 1 1 ; i > it appears that though magicians, by the 
help of the devil, could brims frogs yet they could rot 
lake them away, God being pleased to abridge in this the 
; owcr of Satan ; so we sec- (hey could not afterwards pro- 
duce the less insect.-, and in litis restraint of the power of 
i!:e de\d, were found to acknowledge the finger of God ; 
.>}y this we see that Pharoah was himself the efficient 
osii-c cf his heart being hardened, and not God. See 



I I V. 



[ 63 ] 
Heb. 3 c. 6, 8 vs.; Exd. 9 c. "Then the Lord said unto 
Moses go in unto Pharoah and tell him, Thus saith the 
Lord God of the Hebrews, Let my people go ;" the 
things that they took goods, oxen, rams, &c. It is the 
usual stile of the scriptures to call all idols and false gods 
abominations, to signify how much the people of God 
ought to detest and abhor them. So it appears that the 
Lord was with Moses even to the delivery of the children 
of Israel, and a dark cloud enlightening the night; it was 
a dark cloud to the Egyptians, but was a guide to the Is- 
raelites, by jiving them a great light, and the Lord fed 
them on their journey with manna; this miraculous food 
with which the children of Israel were nourished and sup* 
ported during their sojourning in the wilderness, was a 
figure of the bread of life which we receive in the blessed 
sacrament for the food and nourishment of our souls du- 
ring the time of our mortal pilgrimage, till we come to our 
eternal home, the true land of promise where we shall keep 
an everlasting Sabbath and have no farther need of sacra- 
ments ; and the blessed Lord in his wisdom gave to the 
children of Israel the law by the hand of his servant Mo- 
ses, saying in the 20th chapter of Exodus, 3d verse, 
"Thou shalt have have no other Gods before me," &c. 
A graven thing, nor the likeness of any thing, all such im- 
ages or likenesses are forbidden by this commandment, as 
are made to be adored and served according to that which 
immediately follows, "Thou shalt not bow down thyself to 
them, nor serve them," that is, all such as are designed 
for idols or image gods, or are worshipped with divine 
honor; but otherwise, images, pictures or representations, 
even in the house of God and in the very sanctuary, so 
far from being forbidden are expressly authorised by the 
wordofGod. See Exo. 25 c. 15 v. &c; 37 c. 7 v.; Num. 
2t c. 8, 9 vs.; "and the Lord said unto Mose^, Make a 
fiery serpent and set it up on a pole." 1st Chron. 28 c, 
18, 19 vs.; 2d do. 3 c. 10 v. These passages goes to 
show us the great design of God in instructing us to do 
his will and not ours ; all these different things here men- 
tioned, that gold and silver was for certain purposes and 
not for images. 1 want a God thai can hear and answer 
prayer, and by his mighty power to protect me, while 
g*ace preserves my soul. I think that if Daniel while in 



[ 64] 
the lions 1 den, or the three Hebrew children, had no other 
God but a gold image to pray unto for deliverance, me- 
thinks they would have been devoured forever, no more 
to be heard: but the bread they lived on perished not, 
something like the manna that was given to the children 
of Israel when passing through the wilderness ; this bread, 
because they were always to stand before the face of the 
Lord, in his temple as a figure of the original sacrifice 
and sacrament in the church of Christ: the lamps which 
was always to give light in the house of God, was a figure 
of the light of the Holy Ghost, and his sevenfold grace in 
the sanctuary of the church of Christ ; the sanctuary, that 
part of the tabernacle which was without the veil, into 
which the priests daily entered, is here called the sanctuary 
or holy place ; that part which was within the veil, into 
which no one but the High Priest ever went, and he but 
once a year, is called the holy of holies (literally the sanc- 
tuarus of the sanctuary, as being the most holy of all holv 
places.) Seeing now the sun at high meridian, what a 
glorious light of perfection, while standing upright. — 
Doctrine and Truth : these words written on the rational 
sons to signify the light of doctrine and the integrity of 
life, which the priest of God ought to approach him. See 
Exo. 33 c. 11 v. " And the Lord spake unto Moses face 
to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend, and he turned 
igain into the camp." This is a most familiar manner, 
though as we learn from this very chapter, Moses could 
not see the face of the Lord ; in the language «f the scrip- 
tures God is said to know such as he approves and loves, 
and to know by name those whom he favors in a most 
singular manner, as he did his servant Moses ; the Lord by 
his angel usually spoke to Moses in the pillar of the cloud, 
so that he could not see the glory of him that spoke famil- 
iarly with him in the vision here mentioned, he allowed 
to something of him in an assumed corporeal form, not in 
the face, the rays of which were too bright for mortal eye 
to bear, but to view him, as it were, behind, when his face 
was turned from him. Thus we see the close communion 
vifh God to admit Moses to converse with him, and I be- 
lieve to this day, for as much as Moses did it in a temporal 
.'•ense, the true christian may converse with him in a spir- 
itual sense here, while travelling in this hostile world. Sec 



[65] 
Lu. 24 c. 32 v. " And they said one to the other, Did 
not our hearts burn within us while he talked with us by 
the way and while he opened to us the scriptures." "And 
whatsoever ye shall ask in ray name that I will do, that 
the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you shall ask 
any thing in my name I will do it." These passages are 
sufficient to prove to the world that God will ever defend 
his children ; " but be ye not deceived," for here is but 
one way to ask and one way to receive. 1st the prayer 
from a pure heart, God bound himself to answer, and that 
is well known for Daniel proved that fact ; the way to re- 
ceive is always to be found in obedience at the footstool of 
sovereign mercy, then whatever he doeth it shall prosper. 

But a word to those that had a name to live the shadow 
without the substance. That man cannot expect to re- 
ceive any thing good from the hand of the Lord, for it is 
contrary to God's own word. "This is that Moses which 
said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall the Lord 
your God raise up unto you of your brethren like unto 
me, him shall ye hear." 

Sec. 3. On the Book of Leviticus. 

By historical accounts this book is called Leviticus be- 
cause it treats of the officers and ministers, rites and cere- 
monies of the Priests and Levites. The word with which 
it begins, that is, the whole burnt offering, so called, be- 
cause the whole victim was consumed with fire and given 
in such manner to God as wholly to evaporate, as it were, 
for his honor and glory, without having any part of it re- 
served for the use of man. The other sacrifices of the Old 
Testament were either offerings for sin or peace offerings, 
and these latter again, were either offered in thanksgiv- 
ing for blessings, reward, or by way of prayer for new 
favors or graces ; so that sacrifices were then offered to 
God for four different ends or intentions, answerable to the 
different obligations which man has to God. 1st. By 
way of adoration, homage, praise and glory, due to his 
divine majesty. 2d. By way of thanksgiving for all ben- 
efits received from him. 3d. By way of confessing and 
craving pardon for sin. 4th. By way of prayer and pe- 
tition for grace and relief in all necessity. In. the new 
law we have but one sacrifice, that of the body and blood 
of Jesus Christ. But this one sacrifice of the New Testa- 
Fa 



[66] 
ment perfectly answers all these four ends, and both priests 
and people as often as it is celebrated, ought to join in 
offering up our petition to the Almighty God for the con- 
viction and convertion of the souls of the people and our- 
selves, that it may go well with us here and hereafter. 
Amen. "For ye shall burn no leaven nor any honey in 
any offering of the Lord made by fire." No leaven nor 
honey was to be used in the sacrifice offered to God, to 
signify that we are to exclude from the pure worship of 
the Gospel, all double dealing and affection to carnal 
pleasure. In every sacrifice salt was to be used, which is 
an emblem of wisdom and discretion, without which none 
of our performances arc agreeable to God. Peace, in 
scripture language, signifies happiness, welfare or prosper- 
ity: in a word, all kinds of blessings. Such sacrifices, 
therefore, as were offered either on an occasion of blessings 
received, or to obtain new favors, were called peace offer- 
ings. In these some part of the victim was consumed with 
fire on the altar of God, other parts were eaten by the 
Priest and by the persons for whom the sacrifice was offer- 
ed. The perpetual fire. This fire come from heaven and 
was always kept burning on the altar, as a figure of tin- 
heavenly fire of divine love, which ought always to be 
burning in the heart of a christian. Lev. ( J: 24. " And 
?here came a fire out from before the Lord and consumed 
upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat, which, when 
all the people saw, thev shouted and fell on their faces." 
This will show that all the people of God are to shout, v.v.t 
that I mean thev should --iimp up off the cst'ciinch but i 
mean to shout when a men feds his heart to burn, with sa- 
-red love as the disciphv, e.f our Lr:rd did when thev said, 
■'•did not our heart.; bum vG'hinus; while he. conversed 
'■vhb us end ope::-d unto us the scriptures." Tin-; is the 
hied of shon'mp; I ra; an, fur God is a Spirit and seek such 
:■> wuvhip hhn h: the eulril und inttuth; this maybe 
done in standing .-v itt;.u, iuunim.>; r>r v. a'hinu; or lying 
down, so that it is don' ■ with /hn-'voy, this is all that Go;; 
-iTjuir- s. "Ppeak unto die td.ihlren of Israel -ayhie;, 
I'iirse arc ihe boe.s! ; wideh ye- slirdl eat among ah ihe 
'-ee-ts that arc oe t!ee < u'ih." Lev. II: 2, The prohi- 
i'.'.'u'M of so maio; kirn!--, ci' beasts, birds end J;s!u-'s in the 
ov -,\ as <>; :i .red i' : f. 'To c\er''i e'di" nee-,!<-. in obedieno' 



L 67 J 

and temperance. 2d. To restrain them from the views of 
which these animals were symbols. 3d. Because the 
things here forbidden were for the most part unwholesome 
and not proper to be eaten. 4th. That the people of God N 
by being obliged to abstain from things corporally un- 
clean, might be trained up to seek a spiritual cleanness. — 
Hoof divided and cheweth the cud, signifies discretion be- 
tween good and evil and meditating on the laws of God : 
and where either of these is wanting, a man is unclean in 
like manner. Fishes were reputed unclean that had not 
fins and scales; the camel, the hare, the coney, the swine, 
are mentioned as unclean in scripture. " And whatsoev- 
er hath not fins and scales ye may not eat : it is unclean 
unto you. Of all clean birds ye shall eat. But these are 
they of which ye shall not eat ; the eagle and the osifrage, 
and the espray, and the glede, and the kite,. and the vul- 
ture after his kind, and every raven after his kind." 

"When the plague of leprosy is in a man then he shall 
be brought unto the priest." Lev. 13: 9. The leprosy 
lias the figure of sin, and the observance prescribed in this 
and the following chapter intimates what ought spiritually 
to be done in order to be delivered from so great an evil, 
or preserved from it. The prescriptions with relation to 
garments and houses infected witli the leprosy, are to teach 
us to fly from ail such company and places as are apt to 
be the occasion of sin. Thus you may readily see 
by any evil or lying : thus Elisha's servant, Gahazi, after 
Elijah had healed the man that had the leprosy, his servant 
had a covetous heart and told his master and the man a 
lie, and Eiisha said unto him, " is this a time to receive 
money or garments, olive-yards or vine-yards, sheep, ox- 
en, men-servants and maid-servants." He then stood 
speechless to hear his awful sentence : " the leprosy, there- 
fore, of Namon shall cleave unto thee and unto thy seedfor- 
pver ; and he went out from his presence a leper as white 
as snow.' 1 Here is the fate of all liars : let this be a war- 
ning for all of us for there was no remedy for his malady : 
an awful sight indeed ! And now these ceremonies used 
in the cleansing of a leper were mysterious and very sig- 
nificative; the sprinkling of seven times with the blood of 
the little bird, the washing himself and his clothes, the 



. C 68 3 . 

shaving his hair and his beard, signify the means which 
are to be used in the reconciliation of a sinner, and the 
steps by which he is to return to God by the repeated ap- 
plication of the blood of Christ, the washing his conscience 
with the water of compunction, and retrenching al! vani- 
ties and superfluity, by employing all that is over and 
above what is necessary in alms deeds, the sin offering, 
and the jolocaust or burnt offering, which he was to offer 
at his cleansing, signify the sacrifice of a contrite and hum- 
ble heart, and that of adoration in spirit and truth with 
'■latitude and thankfulness for the forgiveness of sins, with 
which we are ever to appear before the Almighty, the 
touching of tli'' right ear, the thumb of the right hand, and 
the great toe of the right foot, first with the blood of the 
victim and theo with the remainder of the oil which had 
been sprinkled ven times before the Lord, signify the ap- 
plication of ih blood of Christ and the unction of the 
sevenfold gran of the Holy Ghost to the sinner's right ear 
that he may duly hearken to and ohey the laiv of God, and 
to his right hand and foot, that the work of his hands and 
all the steps or affections of his soul, signified by the feet, 
maj' be rightly directed to God. Their legal unclean- 
ness was instituted in order to give the people a hor- 
ror of carnal impurities; no one but the Hitrh Priest, 
and he but once a year could enter into the sanctuary, to 
signifv that no one could enter into the sanctuary of heav- 
en till Christ our High Priest, opened it by his passion. — 
This is to teach us that if we would sxo into the sanctuary 
<if God v,c mi? st take with us the incense of prayer, and 
the blood, that is, the passion of Christ. Where, also, 
■note, that the High Priest, before he went into the holy <>f 
holies, was to wash his whole body, ami then to put on 
v. liite linen garments to signify tiie purity and chastity 
with which we arc to approach God. 

Ve. 4. Tim Book W Number*. 

This book of AL. ■•■; is called Number-, because it !>e- 
j '; , i :-; with the numor, bag of the people, 'twould take up 
ieo laacli to go and search out each chapter lor to coin- 
. . hi upon, therefore, j must auplv the words of our Lord, 

-careh the s/ewoiurcs .''or in them ;, e think ye have eter- 
eal life, and they ore they that testily of me." Without 
; !u- -!)D it ihrrc is no t iimnnv that can be permanent, am! 



. [69] 
that it would be well for us all to remember, and that in 
time. Now for this confes»ion and satisfaction ordained 
in the old law, was a figure of the sacrament of penance, 
this ordinance, the spirit of jealousy was intended to clear 
the innocent and to prevent jealous husbands from doing 
mischief to these, as likewise to give all a horror of adul- 
tery, by punishing it in so remarkable a manner. Num. 
8: 7. "Sprinkle water of purifying upon them," &c ; this 
was the holy water mixed with the ashes of the red heifer. 
" This is the ordinance of the law which the Lord hath 
commanded, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel 
that they bring thee a red heifer without spot wherein is 
no blemish and upon which never come a yoke." That 
was appointed for purifying all that was unclean ; it was a 
figure of the blood of Christ applied to our souls by his 
holy sacrament. " And the mixt multitude that was a- 
mong them fell a lusting and the children of Israel also 
wept against, and said Who shall give us flesh to eat." — 
The mixt multitude ; they were the people that came with 
them out of Egypt, who were not of the race of Israel, who 
by their murmuring drew also the children of Israel to 
murmur. To teach us the danger of associating ourselves 
with the children of Egypt, that is, the lovers and admir- 
ers of the wicked world. " And the Lord said unto Mo- 
ses Gather unto me seventy men of the elders of Israel 
whom thou knowest to be the elders of the people and offi- 
cers over them, and bring them unto the tabernacle of the 
congregation that they may stand there with thee." The 
seventy men ; this was the first institution of the Council 
or Senate, called the Sanhedrim, consisting of seventv 
Senators or Counsellors ; even as there were seventy men 
stood around the bed of Solomon, in order to accomplish 
the design of God in due time : it was fulfilled by our 
Lord himself, when he had given commission .to his sev- 
enty-two disciples, telling them to "go ye into all the world 
and preach the gospel to every creature, and they that be- 
lieve and are baptized shall be cured, and he that believ- 
eth not shall be damned, the Lord working with them and 
confirming the works with signs." Mark 16: 16. And 
now we see the great necessity of the gospel being preach- 
ed unto the fallen world of man, for he said "Behold I 
send you forth as lambs among wolves;" and here the 



[ 70 ] 

wicked arc compared to wolves ; now the nature of a wolf 
will devour mankind whenever it is in his power,butlethim 
have powder with him and rifle well charged, he may pass 
through the wilderness with safety ; they will run by the 
smelling of powder in a hard winter when there is no prav 
to be got; the wolf will give a howl, a sign of distress, and 
perhaps five hundred or more will gather and they will 
make fond and play with each other very lovingly and 
from this they W >H strike a curie and form a trot ; they 
will get to a canter, and the first one that falls, by guiding 
or being weak, all the rest will turn and devour him and 
eat him up ; and from this let us learn a lesson, this is 
the way with the world, they do to each other this. You 
may see by the charge our Lord- gave his disciples, say- 
ing, behold, that is a wonder to the world for the world 
will loo!; at them as a speckle bird, he sent them forth as 
lambs among wolves; this is not to go into theirexile, for 
he said unto us touch not nor handle not the unclean 
thing, and I will receive you ; they must always have their 
rifle well charged with truth and grace, knowing that the 
love of Got!, through the preaching of the gospel, do cover 
i mult it tide of sins ; this is the great cannon of their faith, 
mid while they thus walk in this path no wolves can de- 
vour them In the multitude of council there is safety, 
together we stand but if divided we are sure to fall, and 
he ve aware of the lust of the flesh and the pride of life, 
because there they buried tlic people that lusted. Num. 
II: ZA. "But if Israel is not gathered Jacob will not 
U>o;.c his reward. Now, therefore, kill every male among 
? he little ones and kill every woman." Women and chil- 
dren ordinarily speaking, were not to be killed in war ; 
but the great Lord of life was pleased to order it other- 
nice in the present case in detestation of the wickedness of 
the people, who by the counsel of Balaam had sent their 
women among the Israelites on purpose to draw them from 
God. This mention of the journey of the children of Is- 
rael from Lgypt to the land of promise, were figures ac- 
cording to the fathers of the steps and degrees by which 
christians, leaving sin are to advance from virtue to vir- 
tu:-, till they come to see the God of Gods in Zion. 

Sec. '). The Book of Deuteronomy. 

This book is called Deuteronomy, which signifies a 



. C 7i ] 

second law, because it respects and inculcates the ordi- 
nances formerly given on Mount Sinai, with other pre- 
cepts not expressed before ; this book contains a degree of 
duty we owe to our God and in the way pointed out, that 
we may honor him. Hence the wicked who refuse to be 
subject to the divine law are called in scripture, the chil- 
dren of the devil. There shall be no poor. It is not to 
be understood as a promise that there shall be no poor in 
Israel, as appears from the 15th chap, of Deut. 11 verse, 
for the poor shall never cease, where we learn that God's 
people would never be at loss to find objects for their char- 
ity ; but it is an ordinance that all should do their best 
endeavors to prevent any of their brethren from suffering 
the hardships of poverty and want. Here we see what 
authority God was pleased to give to the church guides 
of the Old Testament in deciding without appeal all con- 
troversies relating to the law, promising that they should 
not err therein, and punishing with death such as proudly 
refused to obey their decisions; and surely he has not done 
less for the church guides of the New Testament. This 
caution against suffering any filth in the camp was to 
teach them to fly the filth of sin, which drivelh God away 
from the soul. This was a dispensation granted by God to 
his people, who, being the Lord of all things, can give a 
right and title to one upon the goods of another, other- 
wise the scripture every where condemns usury as con- 
trary to the law of God and a crying sin. Ex. 22: 35. — 
St. Paul understands this of the spiritual, laborers in the 
church of God who is not to be denied his maintenance. 
1st Cor. 9: 8, D, 10. This -orders for the destroying of 
the Amelakites ; sheweth in the mystical sense how hrtieurt- 
these are to God and what punishment they are to look for 
from his justice, who attack and discourages his servants 
when they but just cc:r.e ont as it were of the Egypt of 
this wicked world, and being yet weak and faint hearted, 
are but beginning their journey to the land of promise.— 
In the Old Testament God promises temporal blessings 
to the keepers, of his law, heaven not being opened as yet, 
and that gross and sensual people being more moved with 
present and sensible things. But in the New Testament 
the goods which are promised us are spiritual and eternal, 
and temporal evils are turned into blessings. Thus God 



[ 72] 

dealt with the trangressors of his law in the Old Testa- 
ment, but now he often suffers sinners to prosper in this 
world, rewarding them for some little good they have 
done, and reserving their punishment for the other world, 
through your own faults, and because you resisted his 
grace. It may be an expression which may either be un- 
derstood as spoken by the sinner, blessing, that is, flatter- 
ing himself in his sins with the imagination of peace, and 
so great an abundance as may satisfy, and, as it were, con- 
sumed all thirst and want; or it may be referred to the 
root of bitterness spoken of before, which being drank 
with sin ma}' attract, and by what means consume such 
as thirst after the like evils, as much as to say such thing- 
belong and are known to God alone; our business mu.-t 
be to observe what he has revealed and manifested to us. 
and to direct our lives accordingly, although the dwelling 
of God bo above in heaven, his arms are always stretched 
out to help us here below : and what consolation is this 
lor the cross bearing soul, for he said in this language "I 
will be with you in the sixth trial and in the seventh [ will 
not leave thee. Though I walk through the valley of the 
-iiadovv of death, I will fear no evil, for thou art with me, 
thy rod and thy r staff, they comfort me. ; ' 

Moses, the servant of God being a great witness, for 
Vt'ter he had finished the work with honor and dignity, 
God saw cause to conceal his remains in a grave unknown 
to men or devils. This last chapter of Deut. in which 
the death gf Mo-.-es is related, was written by Joshua or 
bv some of the prophets. By the ministry of angels and 
would have the place of Lis buri.T unknown, lost the Is- 
raelite :• who WQi^ so pror.e to idolatry, should wotvkiploto 
with divine lienor. 

bee. 0. ine Loom ci josr.ua. 

This book is called Joshua because it contains the histo- 
ry of what passed under him, and according to the com- 
eion opinion was wihtcii bv him. The Greeks call him 
Jesus, for Joshua and Jesus in the Hebrew are the same 
;o:d have the same signification, a Saviour, and it was not 
v.hhout a mystery thru lie who was to bring the people in- 
to the land of promise, should have his name changed. 
O see ! for so lie via; called before, Joshua or Je- 
mis, to give us to understand that Moses, bv his law, could 



only bring the people within sight of the promised inher- 
itance, but that our Saviour Jesus was to bring us into it. 
St. Michael, who was called Prince of the people of Is- 
rael. Dan. 10: 21. " And there is none that holdeth 
with me in these things but Michael your Prince;" not 
with divine honor, but with a religious veneration of an in- 
ferior kind, suitable to the dignity of his person ; there 
are many I fear that commit the unpardonable sin 
mentioned in Matthew 12th chapter 32d verse, " but 
whosever speaketh against the Holy Ghost it shall not be 
forgiven him, neither in this world nor the world to coihe." 
Now it is well for us to consider the first reproof by our 
Lord when he wept over Jerusalem and said " if thou had 
been wise to consider the things which made for thy peace, 
now they are hidden from thine eyes." Iu this expres- 
sion we may plainly see that the Jews cut themselves off 
by denying the power of God ; for Paul said, he that re- 
jects the sacrifice for sin, there remaineth no more sacri- 
fice for sin. This sin has been a controversy to millions 
and has caused them wonder and great astonishment, and 
they are lost and do not know what it is, not that I, call 
myself competent to tell what it is, either by history or 
philosophy, but I am merely moved on by the Spirit of 
God. Now I tell you, every man that dies without re- 
penting of his sin, let the sin be ever so small^ that is an 
unpardonable sin, in one sense. 2d. We are not to mur- 
der ourselves; according to scripture that is a soul dam- 
ning sin, for no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him. 
Now the great apostle tells us that unbelieflocks heaven 
against the sinner. However, my dear reader, I do not 
say that I have described the unpardonable sin that is men- 
tioned by our Lord according to my weak judgment, and 
my opinion to be short, it has allusion to those who oftce 
had tasted the good word of God and felt the power of the 
world to come, and then turn back and deny that power 
with malice in his heart ; I believe that that man is dam- 
ned above ground. You may think as you please, and 
in addition to this, according to our Lord's word, for it 
is " impossible for those who were once enlightened and 
have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers 
of the Holy Ghost, and have tasted the good word of God, 
and the power of the world to come, if they shall fall a- 

G 



[74] 

way, to renew them again unto repentance, seeing they 
crucified to themselves the son. of God afresh and put him 
to an open shame." You will please to observe what this 
great sin is of denying of the Holy Ghost. This is the 
power of God, for what is a man without power, for we 
have sinned against the father, for this cause he sent his 
only begotten son to redeem ns and we sinned against 
him. The third is the Holy Ghost. We are not to deny 
that power, for that is the way that God defends his chil- 
dren by his power and his grace is to preserve them, and 
if we deny the son we have no power, it is by him we get 
this power. It was asked by what authority he did these 
things or gave this authority, and he answered very beau- 
tifully. " I will also ask you one thing, and answer me, 
the baDtism of John, was it from heaven or of men. Thev 
reasoned with themselves, saying, if we shall say from 
heaven he will say why then believe ye him not; but if we 
say of men, the people will stone us, for they are persuad- 
ed that John was a prophet. They answered, that they 
could not tell from whence it come, and Jesus saith unto 
them, neither tell 1 you by what authority 1 do these 
things." Now when they heard these things, knowing 
their hearts being evil they trembled on occouut of then 
guilty conscience, and they finding themselves so complete- 
ly confounded, they could not answer him. And now il 
would be well for us all to consider the case well, for om 
own safety, least we should be found speechless in the 
great day of eternity. 

Arsd now T v, ill give a short history of a certain gentle- 
man in a distant land where I travelled, that went to the 
church and saw the minister delivering the sacrament, aiu 
lie was filled with laughter. He and his company re- 
turned home and said that he intended to go through th( 
same exercise. He got his bread and wine and said thai 
lie could do '4- as the minister; lie went into a room witl 
his company and shut the door, and places his bread ant 
wine on the table, got his book and wejrt through tin 
I'oremonies, then all knelt down, as he saw it done, anc 
after his prayer, he then gave his bread and wine, say- 
ing this was Christ's body which was broken for you, also 
the wine, drink thi* in remembrance of Christ's blooc 
which was shed for you and for many others, for the re- 



mission of sin. Now this was a great gentleman, so cal - 
ed. What an example this was before the ignorant and 
unlearned ! He was called to a friend's house, a few 
doors from where he lived, and commenced talking with 
his friend, and in a short time, he exclaimed, with an aw- 
ful screatch, and said, my belly is full of hell-fire and I 
am burning up : hell is my home, the wrath of God is 
my portion, and in a few moments he gave up the ghost. 

Now my friends and dear readers, it is well for us to 
take notice of this man's conduct; bear it mind at least, 
some of you may fall in the same manner, for his walls fell 
like unto the walls of Jericho to be rebuilt no more. — 
Jos. 6: 20. That is a curse and devoted to destruction. 
Jericho, in the mystical sense, signifies eniquity. The 
sounding of the trumpet by the Priest : the preaching of 
the word of God, by which the walls of Jericho are thrown 
down, when sinners are converted and a dreadful curse 
will light on those who build them up again, for you will 
not be able to serve the Lord. This was not said bjr 
way of discouraging them, but rather to make them more 
earnest and resolute by setting before them the greatness 
of the undertaking, and the courage and constancy neces- 
sary to go through with it. 

Sec. 7. The Book of Judges. 

Judges, this book is called, because it contains the his- 
tory of what passed under the government of the Judges 
who ruled Israel before they had kings. The writer of it, 
according to the more common opinion, was the prophet 
Samuel. Jerusalem was divided into two parts, one was 
called Jebus, the other Salem, the one was in the tribe of 
Juda, the other in the tribe of Benjamin. After it was ta- 
ken and burnt by the men of Juda, it was quickly rebuilt 
again by the Jebusites, as we may gather from Judgx 1: 21. 
And continued in their possession till it was taken by King 
David ; by this it seems that the valiant men of the tribe of 
Reuben were divided in their sentiments with relation to 
this war, which division kept them at home within then- 
own borders to hear the bleating of the flock. Judg. 5: 
16. Where this land of Moses was which is here laid un- 
der a curse, we cannot find, nor is there mention of it any 
w here else in holy writ. In the sprritual sense they are 



[76] 

cursed, who refuse to assist the people of God in their war- 
fare against their spiritual enemies. Mark how the Lord 
chooseth the humble who are mean and little in their own 
eyes, for the greatest enterprise; by this we see that God 
will not choose for his instruments in great achievements, 
which depend purely on his grace, such as through pride 
and self-conceit, will take the glory to themselves. O, my 
friends, beware of this pride and glory which is so preva- 
lent in this world. See Gideon and his men who lapped 
the water; those were preferred who took the water up 
in their hands and so Japped it, before those who laid 
themselves quite down to the water to drink, which argu- 
ed a more eager and sensual disposition. 

Observation of dreams is commonly superstitious, and 
as such is condemned by some people, but in some extra- 
ordinary cases, as we see here, God is pleased by dreams, 
to foretell what he is about to do. Judg. 7: 13. In a 
mystical sense the preachers of the gospel, in order to 
spiritual conquests, must not only sound with the trumpet 
of the word of God, but must also break their earthern pe- 
tition by the mortification of the flesh and its passions, and 
carry lamps in their hands by the light of their virtue : 
■■i meek and humble answer to God, otherwise they might 
Lave come to extremities, so great is the power of humili- 
i v, both with God and man. The olive tree is introduced, 
speaking in this maimer, because oil was used both in the 
worship of the true God and in that of the false gods, 
whom the Schemites served. Wine is represented as a- 
^reeable to God, because he had appointed it to be offer- 
ed ui) with his sacrifice, but we are not obliged to take 
these words, spoken of by the trees in a parable, 
according to the strict rigor of divinity, but only in a sense 
accommodated to the design of the parable expressed in 
the conclusions of it; however, this may suffice for the 
present ; but we understand that the feminine gender de- 
termineth to the mother, but then, the child was also to re- 
frain from the like things, because he was to be from his 
infancy a Na/aritc of God. Judg. 13: 5. That is once 
:-et aside in a particular manner and consecrated to God. 
Now the iNazarites by the law were to abstain from all 
ike e thin*?, not in his own person, but in the person ot 



Ins messengers. The Israelites in those days imagined 
they should die if they saw an angel, taking occasion, per- 
haps, from those words spoken by the Lord to Moses. — 
Exo. 33: 20. "No man shall see my 'face and live;" 
but the event demonstrated that it was but a groundless 
imagination, not like a Samson, for there was a very re- 
markable providence in this particular, of the history of 
Samson, from which, also, in the mystical sense, we may 
learn what spiritual sweetness and nourishment our souls 
will acquire, from slaying the lions of our passions. Sam- 
son being judge of the people, he might have many to as- 
sist him to catch foxes with nets, or otherwise, a number 
of these animals of which there were many in that country. 
Some are of the opinion Delilah was married to Samson, 
others that she was his harlot; if the latter opinion be true 
we cannot wonder that in the punishment of his lust, the 
Lord delivered him up by her means into the hands of his 
enemies ; however, if he were guilty, it is not to be doubt- 
ed, that under his afflictions he heartily repented and re- 
turned to God, and so obtained forgiveness of his sins. — 
Judg. 16: 28. " That I may revenge myself." This 
desire of revenge was out of zeal for justice against the 
enemies of God and his people, and not out of private 
rancour and malice of heart. Samson did not sin as I 
think, on this occasion, though he was the cause of his 
own death, because he was moved -to what he did, by a 
particular inspiration of God, who, also, concurred with 
him by a miracle, in restoring his strength upon the spot. 
In consequence of his eyes, Samson, by dying in this man- 
ner was a figure of Christ, in one sense, overcame his en- 
emies, Again, the children of Israel went up against the 
children of Benjamin, his brother ; the Lord suffered 
them to be overthrown and many of them to be slain, 
though their cause was just, partly in punishment of the 
idolatry which they exercised or tolerated in the tribe of 
Dan and elsewhere, and partly because they trusted in 
their own strength, and therefore, though he bid them 
fight, he would not give them the victory till they were 
thoroughly humbled and had learned to trust in him a- 
lone. 

Sec. 8. The Book of Ruth. 

This book is called Ruth, from the«tiame of the person 

G2 



[ 78 ] 

whose history is here recorded, who behig a Gentile be- 
came a convert to the true faith, aud marrying Boaz, the 
great grandfather of David, was one of those from whom 
Christ sprung, according to the flesh, and an illustrious 
figure of the Gentile church. It is thought this book was 
written by the prophet Samuel. Noami did not mean to 
persuade Ruth to return to the false gods she had formerly 
worshiped, but by this manner of speech, insinuated to 
her that if she would go with her, she must renounce her 
false gods and turn to the Lord the God cf Israel for it is 
a good thing to have a right understanding and a proper 
judgment, so that we may discern the things that makes 
for our peace ; for the custom was in redeeming, by giv- 
ing pledges to confirm the same, by plucking off his shoes 
and to give to his neighbors. This was the testimony in 
Israel and all the people that were in the gate and the el- 
ders, said that we are witnesses. Now let us in the gos- 
pel dispensation, pluck off our shoes, that is, the world, 
then we can walk upright, on the level with ail men, then 
we can keep the land-mark always in view, then we can 
sav that we are Jesus' witnesses. Rut!:. 4: 11. 

Sec. 9. The First Rook of Samuel. 

This and the following book, are called by the He- 
brews, the book of Samuel, because they contain the his- 
tory of Samuel and of the two kings Saul and David, whom 
he annointed. The}' arc more commonly named by the 
fathers, the First aud Second Books of Kings. As to the 
writer of them, it is the common opinion that Samuel com- 
posed the first book as far as the 25th chapter, and that 
, he prophet Nathan and Gad finished the lir&t and wrote 
the second book. "And if or. c man sin against another 
the Judge shall judge him, but if a man sin against the 
Lord, who shall entreat for him." By these words Eli 
would have his sons understand tiiat by their abase of sa- 
cred things, and of the very sacrifices which were appoint- 
ed to appease the Lord, they deprived themselves of the 
ordinary means oi reconciliation with God, which was by 
sacrifices, the more, because they were the Chief Priests, 
,. hese business it was, to intercede for all others, tliev had 
no other to offer sacrifice to and to make atonement for 
diem, in consequence of their manifold sacriLe.es. he 



would not soften their hearts with his efficacious grace, but 
was determined to destroy them. This was partly fulfill- 
ed when Abiathaf of the race of Eli, was removed from 
the priesthood and, Sadoc, who was of another tribe, was 
substituted in his place,but it was more fully accomplished 
in the New Testament, when the priesthood of Aaron, gave 
place to that of Christ. The Lord was pleased afterwards 
to give to his people Israel in that place, by the prayers 
of Samuel. "Samuel took a stone and set it between 
Mizpeh and Shen.and called it the name of Ebenezer " — 
This great foundation, although the Philistines took the 
ark of God and brought from Ebenezer unto Ashdod." — 
There is great reason by all these circumstances to hope 
that Eli did, in the state of grace, and by his temporal 
punishment escape the eternal wrath of God. We see 
how much the Israelites lamented the loss of the ark, 
which was but the symbol of God's presence amongst 
them ; how much more ought christians to lament the loss 
of God himself, when by sin they have driven him out oi" 
their souls. 

Bethel, where there was at that time an altar of God, it 
being one of the places where Samuel judged Israel, in 
which there was also, at times, a high place or altar. — 
Prophets : these men, whose office it was to sing hymns 
and praises to God, are called prophesying. 1st Chron. 
15: 22, 25. " And they brought up the ark of the cove- 
nant with joy." Now there were in those days, Colleges 
or schools, for training up their prophets, and it seems 
that there was one of these schools at the lull of God and. 
another at Naioth where they were taught. Now die 
#reat College of God is to give that pure lesson of truth 
and light : knowledge to serve him so that they may safe- 
ly arrive to the kingdom of God. At this time Saul 
was in great rage and in war, but the great master of life 
and death, who cuts oft' one half of all mankind while 
they arc children, has been pleased, sometimes, to ordain 
that his children should be put to the sword, in detestation 
■of the crimes of .their parents, and that they might not live 
to follow the same wicked ways ; but without such ordi- 
nance of God it is not allowable in any war, however just, 
to kill children. Thus, we find, the Lord knoweth how 



to deliver the innocent. " Now even in the cave I will 
not put forth mine hand against my God, for he is the 
Lord annointed, for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, 
and kill thee not, there is neither evil nor transgression in 
my hand." I would to God that all that say they are his 
annointed, possessed such a spirit and disposition in this 
day to pray for ther enemies instead of rejoicing at their 
downfall, and then the christian warfare would go right 
and God himself would be glorified. 

David, I believe, had a thought to kill Saul, his enemy, 
on the first attempt, and on the second he reflected that he 
was an annointed of God ; this thought to kill him was a 
suggestion to which he did not consent to ; the meaning is, 
that he referred his whole cause to God to judge,and pun- 
iiish according to his justice ; yet so as to keep himself in 
the meantime in due bounds from all personal hatred to 
Saul, or desire of gratifying his own passion, by seeking 
revenge ; so far from it, that when Saul was afterwards 
slain, we find that, instead of rejoicing at his death, he 
mourned most bitterly for him. Previous to the death of 
Saul he said to David, " thou art more righteous than 
I, for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have re- 
warded thee evil." And now we see that David was a 
man of another spirit. David said, " behold ! how good 
and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in 
unity ; it is like the precious ointment upon the head that 
ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard, that went 
down to the skirts of his garments as the dew of heaven, 
and as the dew that descended upon the mountain of Zi- 
uu, for there the Lord commanded the blessing, even life 
forevermore." Yet the Lord blessed him in all his pro- 
ceedings and he praised God on the occasion, not out of 
ji>v for the death of Saul or of Nabal, which would have 
argued a rancour of heart, but because he saw that his di- 
vine majesty had so visibly taken his cause in hand in 
punishing the injury done to him, whilst by a merciful 
providence he kept him from revenging himself. There 
were a great many people in those days that were ene- 
mies of the people of God, and some, if not all of them, 
were of the number of those whom God had ordered to be 
destroyed, justified David's proceedings in their regard : 
Hiougli it is to be observed here, that we are not under an 



C 8i J. 

obligation of justifying every thing that he did, for the 
scripturesun relating what was done, doth not say that it 
was welt done, and even such as are true servants of God 
are not to be imitated in alf they do. It is the more com- 
mon opinion of the holy fathers and interpreters that the 
soul of Samuel appeared indeed, and not as some have im- 
agined, an evil spirit in his shape,notthat the power of her 
magic could bring him thither, but that God w,as pleased, 
for the punishment of Saul, that Samuel himseli !' should 
announce unto him the evils that were falling upon him, 
that is, in the state of the dead and in another World, 
though not in the same place. 

Sec. 10. The Second Book of Samuel. 

David now being ruler and annointed king of Juda, 
purposed to build a temple, but the Lord forbid him. — 
This prophesy partly relateth to Solomon, but much more 
to Christ the great son of David, and the builder of the 
true temple, which is the church of God, his everlasting 
kingdom, which shall never fail nor be. cast off, for any 
inpurity of "her children. It appears that the Lord sent 
Nathan unto David after he had sinned, and- told him a 
parable, and after he had ended, David's anger was kin- 
dled against the man, and said, "as the Lord liveth, the 
man that hath done this thing shall surely die, and he 
shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing 
and because he had no pity ; and Nathan 'said unto Da- 
vid thou art the man. 1 " 2d Sam. 12: 7. David on this 
occasion wept for his sins, which he knew were the cause 
of all his sufferings. Ziba, by false suggestions, obtained 
his master's inheritance. " Shimei, the son of Gera; h» 
came forth and cursed still as he came ;" not that the 
Lord was the author of Shimei's sins, which proceeded 
purely from his own malice, and the abuse of his free will, 
but that knowing and suffering bis malicous disposition to 
break out on this occasion, he made use of him as his in- 
strument to punish David for his sins. The people might 
apprehend lest Absalom should be reconciled to his father 
and, therefore, they followed him with some fear of being 
left in the lurch, till they saw such a crime committed as 
seemed to make a reconciliation impossible. " The God 
of Israel said, and the Rock of Israel said to me, He that 
ruleth over men must be just,ruling in the fear of God. 2d 



[82] 
Sam. 23: 3. So shall the kingdom of Christ, as if he 
should say " this everlasting covenant was not due to my 
house, but purely owing to the bounty of him who is all 
my salvation and my will ;" that is, who hath always sa- 
ved me and executed what I desired of him so that I and 
my house, through his blessing, have sprung up and suc- 
ceeded in all things. 

Sec. 1 1 . The First Book of Kings. 

This and the following book are called by the holy 
fathers, the Third and Fourth Books of Kings, but by the 
Hebrews the first and second ; they contain the history of 
the kingdoms of Israel and Juda, from the beginning of 
the reign of Solomon to the captivity. As to the writer 
of these books, it seem most probable they were not writ- 
ten by cue man nor at one time, but as there was all along 
a succession of prophets in Israel, who recorded, by divine 
inspiration, the most remarkable things which happened 
in those days, these books seems to have been written by 
(hose prophets, 2d Chron. 9: 39; do. 20: 34; do. 26: 
23 ; do. 32: 32 ; for the express purpose to keep in view 
so that the rising generation might see and know the pro- 
ceedings of their fathers, that they might have a correct 
knowledge of the oracles of God and the great temple that 
was built by Solomon, was a figure of the great celestial 
temple ; so the stones for the building of God's eternal 
temple in the heavenly Jerusalem, must first be hewed and 
polished here, by many trials and sufferings before they 
can be admitted to have a place in that celestial structure. 
The inner house of the oracle, that is the sanctuary, which 
he separated from the other part of the temple, with this 
partition of cedar, instead of the veil which, in the taber- 
nacle of Moses, hung before the sanctuary. And he set 
up two pillars in the porch of the temple, and he set up 
the right hand pillar and he called the name thereof Jachin, 
and he set up the left hand pillar, and called the name 
thereof Boaz ; that is, in it is strength. By recording 
these names in holy writ, the spirit of God would have us 
to understand the invincible firmness and strength of the 
pillars on which the true temple of God, which is tiie 
church, is established, or, no less foundation than God 
himself, for he said, his soul shall dwell at ease, and his 
seed shall inherit the earth, the secret of the Lord is with 



[83 J 
them that fear him, and he will show them his covenantor 
this church will exist while time lasts and he will show his 
officers how they should conduct the administration of all 
the affairs that they may be able to close all their charges 
in peace and make a safe arrival to the church of the first 
born. It appears that there was none that followed the 
house of David but the tribe of Juda. 1st Kings, 12: 20. 
Benjamin was a small tribe, and so intermixed with the 
trihe of Juda (the very city of Jerusalem being partly in 
Juda, partly in Benjamin) that they are here counted but 
as one tribe. "And he said unto- him lam a prophet, also, 
as thou art an angel, speaketh unto me by the word of the 
Lord. 1st Kings 13: 18. The man was a prophet but 
he sinned in thus deceiving the man of God, the more be- 
cause he pretended a revelation for what he did. When 
he had gone a lion met him by the way and slew him ac- 
cording to the word of the Lord in which he spake unto 
him, for his disobedience. Thns the Lord often punishes 
his servants here, that he may spare them hereafter, that 
will repent, for the generality of divines are of opinion, 
that the sin of this prophet, considered with all its circum- 
stances, was not mortal, but yet if is unknown to man, for 
the Judge of alt the earth will do right. Although Elijah 
requested to die, not out of impatience, but out of a zeal 
against sin, and that he might no longer be witness of the 
miseries of his people, and the war they were waging a- 
gainstGod and his servant; but he went a day's journey in- 
to the wilderness and came and sat under a juniper-tree, 
and he requested for himself that he might die, and said "it 
is enough, now O Lord take away my life, for I am not 
bettej than my father." 1st Kings. 19: 4. This bread 
with which Elijah was fed in the wilderness, was a figure 
of the bread of life which we receive in the blessed sacra- 
ment, by the strength of which we are to be supported in 
our journey through the wilderness of the world till we 
come to the mountain of God and our end in a happy eter- 
ntity, for the thought raiseth the great courage of every 
true minister of God, to stand fast in the liberty where 
Christ has set them, for Elijah said " 1 have been very 
zealous for the Lord of Hosts, for the children of Israel 
have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars and 
slayed thy prophets with the sword, and I, even I, only am 



[8*] 
left, and they seek my life to take it away. 1st Kings 19: 
9, 1 0. And it is said by some in the kingdom of Israel, 
or of the ten tribes, for in the kingdom of Juda religion was 
at that time in a very flourishing condition under the kings 
Asa and Josaphat, and even in Israel, there remained sev- 
eral prophets, though not then known to Elijah. * 1st 
Kings 20: 13, 2S, 35. " And all the prophets prophesied 
so saying go up," &c. 1st King 22: 12. This was spo- 
ken ironocally and byway of jesting at the flattering 
speeches of the false prophets ; and so the. king understood 
it, as appears by his adjuring Miciah in the following 
verse,totell him the truth in the name of the Lord.God, who 
standeth not in need of any counsellor, nor are we to sup- 
pose that things pass in heaven in the manner here de- 
scribed, but this representation was made to the prophet 
to be delivered by him in a manner adapted to the com- 
mon ways and notions of men ; and the Lord said unto 
him wherewith, and he said I will go forth and I will be a 
lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. 1st Kings 
22: 22. This was a command, but a permission : for 
God never ordaineth lies, though he often permitteth the 
lying spirit to deceive. those who love not the truth. 2d 
Thess. 2: 10. "Because they receive not the truth that 
they might be saved ;" and in this sense it is said in the 
following verse " the Lord hath given a lying spirit in the 
mouth of all the prophets ;" and Miciah said " thou shalt 
see in that day when thou shalt go into an inner chamber 
to hide thyself." 1st Kings 22: 25. This happened 
when. he heard the King was slain, and justly apprehend- 
ed that he should be punished for his false prophecy, and 
by this we may perceive that truth and error cannot agree 
together, nor love nor vice can dwell together, for God 
is the true spirit of light, and they that dwell in him dwell 
in love, because God is love the true foundation ; on the 
other hand you all may see that every foundation that has 
been built by any other means, never could stick together, 
for the author of it is filled with confusion, he raiscth his 
walls in malice, the covering thereof is neither wind tight 
nor water tight and thus exposed even the weakest 
prayer in faith, shakes the foundation ; much more when 
ihe heralds of free grace, mount the walls with their trum- 
pets ?ounding ; they give the word ofGod's command with 



[8fi] 
their cannons levelled against the fort of the dark army, 
and at the report, the armies of the aliens have to give 
back, down comes the walls, like unto Joshua, march in 
and take the city. 

Sec. 12. The Second Book of Kings. 

"Then Moab rebelleth against Israel after the death of 
Ahab." " Now therefore, thus saiththe Lord, thou shalt 
not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up., 
but shalt surely die. And Elijah departed." 

It appears after Elijah was departed the King sent for 
him, while he was sitting on the top of a hill, "and Elijah 
answered and said to the captain of fifty, if I be a man of 
God, then let fire come down from heaven." Elijah was 
inspired to call for fire from heaven upon these captains 
who came to apprehend him — not out of a desire to grat- 
ify any private passion — but to punish the insult offered 
to religion to confirm his mission, and to show how vain 
are the efforts of men against God and his servants, whom 
he has a mind to protect. Thus we see that Elijah was 
protected, even in his last moments, in this life, and then 
taken away in a charriot of fire, to heaven. This heaven 
here is meant the air, the lowest of the heavenly regions, 
as some wise men say, but let that be as it may, I believe 
that he is secure in that region where sorrow never can 
enter. The sons of the prophet ; that is, the disciples of 
the prophets, who seem to have had their schools like col- 
leges or communities in Bethel, Jericho, and other places 
in the days of Elijah and Elisha. Wherf* Elijah was a- 
bout to be taken away, that Elisha requested of him u 
"double portion of thy spirit upon me." 2d Kings 2: £ 
A double portion of thy spirit as thy eldest*son : and here, 
or thy spirit which is double in comparison of that which 
God usually imparteth to his prophets. When the son- 
of the prophets which were to visit at Jericho saw him, 
they said the spirit of Elijah doth rest upon Elisha, and 
they came to meet him and bowed themselves to the 
ground before him, and I believed they worshipped him 
as a fervent of the living God, with an inferior, yet reli- 
gious veneration, not for any temporal, but spiritual ex- 
cellence ; and he turned back and looked cu. them, and 
cursed them in the name of the Lord. 2d Kings 10: 24. 
This curse, which was followed bv so visible a iude-ment, 

H " 



C 86 ] 

was not the effect of passion, nor of a desire of revenging 

himself, but of zeal for religion, which was insulted by 
ihcse boys in the person of the prophet, and of the divine 
inspiration, God being determined to punish in this man- 
ner, the inhabitants of Bethel, the chief seat of the calf wor- 
kup, who h.ad trained up their children in a prejudice a- 
gainst the true religion and its ministers. 

View the great danger of children while allow- 
ed by their parents to follow such pernicious practices, as 
to make game and sport of them that hold up the walls, to 
keep ihcm from sinking into eternal despair ; and I am 
more astonished while I see men and women call them- 
selves intelligent and of good sense, and in a worse situa- 
tion than the children, for as the old cock crows so the 
young ones learn. What would you think if a man was 
to come and tell a gentleman that his house was on fire, 
i! Sir, arise, or else you will be consumed," and he was 
to rise in a passion and slay the man, and then go to bed 
again ? Would you not say that that man deserved burn- 
ing up f Your good reason says yes: so say I. Now the 
ministers of God call to sinners in tears, and beseech 
them to awake unto righteousness and sin not, for the wrath 
of God is kindling their houses — will be soon on fire — 
and how many have been slain for preaching the word in 
its purity, and sinners will not awake and have grace, but 
are trying to stop the gospel of Christ and clog Zion's 
wheels ! But thank the Lord, there is a celestial fire kin- 
dled within, thunder cannot step it, deep water cannot 
drown it, fire cannot face it : so she stands sure: she is 
chartered by God himself. Come sinners, escape the 
lamentation of hel! and fly to heaven. 

We will now consider something of Gahazee, the ser- 
■. ant of Elisha, when he was commanded to go and take 
his staff in hand and salute no man by the way. 

lie that is to raise to life the sinner who is spiritually 
dead, be must not niffcr himself to be called off or divert- 
ed from his enterprise, by the salutation or ceremonies of 
die world, which is deadly poison, for God sent Mose.-. 
nidi his rod, although miraculous, it was not able to raise 
in life man dead in sin ; this was to be done by the master 
himself, in person, and by his own sacred bod}". By Uii> 
we >ec nofjMn.'-r short of the blood of Christ is able to 



[87] 

cleanse us from sin. Although itis impossible not to spare_ 
a passing glance to tiiese trains of argumentation, itis 
not my intention to forsake our present purpose, which is 
to establish elements for a system, and the reader is fore- 
warned to keep the reign on his impatience, as a great 
deal remains still to be done, before we shall be prepared 
for systematizing. The hewers are in the mountain, and 
quarrymen sre in the quarry, every beam must be squared, 
every joint and tenon must be filed, every stone must be 
chiselled to its exact form and dimension, and should we 
succeed in all this according to the draft and plan, which 
the divine architect of the universe has furnished us, you 
shall soon see stone come to its stone, and beam to its beam, 
till the great temple of the Lord shall tower towards the 
heavens without the sound of a hammer. Habk. 2: 11. 
" For the stone shall cry out of the wall, and the beam out 
of the timber, shall answer it. 1st. The stone shall cry, 
that is, the ardent desire of Christ to save sinners, the 
wall, the church of God, the beam, the true minister of 
God, the timber, the man in a carnal state, in which, after 
being wrought upon by the spirit of God, and then be- 
comes a subject of his church, to answer the ends for which 
he was created, for many times there are calls for more la- 
borers, and God is pleased to leave it to his church, for to 
send them out, then this man is squared to fit the place 
where God intended to place him ; he is also plumb, to 
walk uprightly and always to meet on the square of truth, 
and to stand upon the level with all men, for wisdom hath 
built her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars, and 
strong are they, representing the seven spirits of God ; 
she hath killed the beast, she hath mingled her wine, she 
hath also furnished her table with the riches of dainties, 
there is a balm for every wound, a cordial for every fear, 
God himself will come to give us that sweet council to 
conduct us to the laud of promise; his strength and power 
which, at his pleasure are called home. Luke 1: 69. Or 
beams of light which come forth from his hands, or it may- 
allude to the cross in the horn of which, the hands of 
Christ were fastened, where his strength was hidden, by 
which he overcame the world and drove out death and the 
devil. Both death and the devil shall be the executioners 
of his justice against his enemies as they were heretofore 



[88] 
against the Egyptians and Canaanltes. Heb. 3: 6. "He 
stood and measured the earth, he beheld and drove asun- 
der the nation, and the everlasting mountains were scat- 
tered, the perpetual hills did bow, his ways are everlast- 
ing." One look of his eye was sufficient to survey the 
whole earth; this measuring the earth was far superior, 
as I think, than that of the angels measuring the great ci- 
ty; the time that he measured the earth it was different to 
the time when the angel measured the city, for the proph- 
et's reply, was like unto that of Adam "O God I have 
heard thy speech and was afraid." 1st. The measur- 
ing of the earth was a type of the great knowledge 
of God, in which the great sea of love was opened 
unto man, free without charge, for his prophet to prophecy 
ihe way in which the great ship should come and call for 
passengers, and at their own free will, they can come or 
stay. In his beholding he saw the opposition that would 
oppose his cause, and at one sound of his voice, he shook 
the nations that was upon the earth, and those that was to 
come after never could build another foundation, for he 
had laid down his word as the true foundation, and no oth- 
er could be laid but what is already laid. The mountains 
being scattered ; that was the great mountain of them 
that stood in opposition against God. With the breath of 
his mouth their governments were scattered and could not 
stand : the perpetual hills within Christ, his love, power 
and knowledge, always moving perpetually, so that no 
other power can evade it, that is to destroy the foundation. 
That is the reason I do assign his ways everlasting. And 
for the other power I. have not such a counsellor as to ex- 
plain any farther ; by reading the following passages you 
may satisfy yourselves. Exo. 29: 9 ; do. 30: b ; Jer. 
2.5: 9; Ezk. 35: 5. Now one look of his eye is enough 
to melt all the nations of the earth and reduce them to 
nothing, for all heaven and earth disappear when they 
come before his light. The mountains and hills I now 
mention, are signified the great ones of the world that 
persecute the church, whose power was quickly crushed 
Uy the Almighty: even the waters he holds in the hollow 
wf his hand. 

1 shall now allude to the wonders wrought heretofore 
by the Lord in favor of his people. 



l s « ] 

Israel, when the waters of the rivers of Arnon and Jor- 
don, and of the Red Sea, retired before their faces, when 
he came, as it were, with his horses and charriots to save 
them, when he took up his bow for their defence, in conse- 
quence of the oath he had made to their tribes : when the 
mountains tumbled and the deep stood with its waves rais- 
ed up in a heap, as with hands lifted up to heaven : when 
the sun and moon stood still at his command, &c. to com- 
ply with his anger, not against the rivers and sea, but a- 
gainst the enemies of his people. How much more will he 
do in favor of his son and against the enemies of his church, 
the head of the house of the wicked. Such was Pharoah, 
heretofore, such shall Anti-Christ be hereafter., Thou 
madest a way in the sea to deliver thy people from the 
Egyptian bondage, and thou shalt work the like wonders 
in the spiritual way, to rescue the children of thy church, 
from their enemies. We understand that Princes shall 
come out of Egypt: Ethiopia shall soon stretch forth her 
hand unto God: the evils which are now coming upon the 
people for their sins, which will come hereafter upon all 
impenitent sinners, if dying without repentance, and the 
foresight which I have of these miseries, therefore, 1 beg 
the sinner, in the name of the Lord, turn, turn, O ye house 
of Israel, for why will you die, now is the accepted lime, 
and the day of salvation. As for my part I am bound to 
contend for the faith that was delivered to the saints, that I 
may die the death of the righteous, that I may go up to 
our people, that I may join the happy company in the 
bosom of Abraham. Who are girded, that is, prepared 
for their journey by which they shall attend their Lord 
when he shall ascend into heaven, to which high and hap- 
py place my Jesus, that is, my Saviour, the great conquer-" 
or of death and hell, shall one day conduct ir.2, rejoicing 
and singing psalms of praise. Well might David say 
pray for the peace of Jerusalem, they shall prosper that 
love thee ; peace be within thy walls and prosperity with- 
in thy palaces for my brethen and companion's sake. I 
will now say peace be within thee for the authority which 
the gospel ministers have to preach the gospel to evefy 
creature ; that is the commandment of our Divine Master 
" go ye, therefore, teach all nations, baptizing them in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy 

H2 



L 90 J 

Ghost, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I 
commanded you," To preach the gospel, is to preach it 
in the purity oflife, as a system enforced by divine authori- 
ty, commanding submission in the name of the Lord Je- 
sus, under the pain of eternal death, and with a promise of 
eternal life to all who shall hear it. The philosophy of 
the system, and it has a philosophy, is another affair; 
every christian must have sometimes been sensible of an 
insensible majesty and authority in the preacher, who pro- 
claims the gospel solely as the word of God, commanding 
submission in his name. This, I presume, is what is 
meant by preaching it, not with the enticing words of 
men's wisdom, but in the demonstration of the spirit, and 
that with power. By this we may see the sun at his high 
meridian, which is the beauty of the day. 

Now with the great command to Abraham to offer up 
his son Isaac, the Paskal lamb, the mercy-seat, the sprink- 
liner of blood and nmkinq; atonement for the sins of the 
people, was the type of the Messiah, who commanded the 
patriarch and prophet from time to time, foretold he was 
Jacob-Shiloh unto whom the gathering of the people 
should be; Job's redeemer, that shall stand at the latter 
day upon the earth; Moses' prophets, unto whom all 
should hearken; hosannah OKing! theannointed; David's 
King, set on Zion's hill, who shall have the uttermost 
parts of the earth for his possession; his Lord who shall 
sit at the right hand of God until his enemies be mede his 
footstool ; solemn wisdom and chiefest among ten thous- 
and ; and tie rose of Sharon the liliy of a valley was like 
unto Isaiah's wonderful counsellor, the mighty God, the ev- 
erlasting Father, the Prince of Peace. Jeremiah's right- 
eousnes; Ezekiel's shepard and piantof renown, who should 
feed his people; Daniel's Messiah, who should be cut off but 
not tor himself: Micah's Judge of Israel, whose (foing i'o?lh 
has been from of old and from everlasting. Zephaniah's 
fiord and God; liagia's desire of all nations; Zackeriah's 
Kimr, Just and having salvation, lowly and riding on an ass; 
Alailchi's messenger of tiie covenant, who was at the ap- 
pointed time sent into the world, in the reign of Herod, 
Km< of Juda. The heretic in those days most impiously 
inferred that the blessed virgin might have had other chil- 
dren besides Christ, but Jerome shows by divine example- 



that this expression of the evangelist was an idiom usual 
among the Hebrews to denote by the word, until only 
what is done without any regard to the future ; thus it is 
said Gen. 8: 6, 7; Isaiah 46: 4. Who dare then to infer 
that God should then cease to be. God said to his divine 
son, sit on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy 
footstool. Shall he sit no longer after his enemies are 
subdued? Yea, and for all eternity. Jerome also proves 
by scripture example, that an only begotten son was also, 
called just born or just begotten, because, according to the 
law, the first born males were to be consecrated to God. 
Sanctify unto me, saith the Lord, every first born that 
openeth the womb among the children of Israel. Exo. 
13: 2. which words, accordingto the use of the scriptures 
and the holy fathers, do not only signify repentance and 
amendment of life, but also punishing past sins, by fasting 
and such like'penetential exercises. 

After our blessed Master had arrived to the age of 
twelve years, that he went about the important duty 
which devolved upon him, and was determined to fulfill, 
although he being mixed with a multitude of wicked men, 
Pharisees ami Sadducees. There were two sects among 
the Jews of which the former was for the most part noto- 
rious hypocrites, the latter a kind of free-thinkers in mat- 
ters of religion, for I think now we have a great vn 
free-thinkers, as they say, expecting to get to hea- 
their external performances. If men measure the 
by themselves, they are not wise, for our -Lord saiu "i say 
unto you that except your righteousness shall exceed the 
righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no 
case enter into the kingdom of heaven." Math. 5: 20. 
Now you see that there was a righteousness among them 
which they say was lawful, but when they come to be 
measured by rule, their measure will condemn them, and 
I have nu right to justify them. Now he that lives in that 
state in those days according to scripture, if he be on the 
pinnicle top, or in the middle chamber he must be justified 
by the measurer or condemned. Judge for yourselves, I 
speak as unto wise men,for heaven and hell will divide the 
bulk of mankind according to scripture truths. Math. 
25: 46. " And these shallgo away into everlasting pun- 
ishment;" and that I believe is hell, "k<>. the righteous 



[ 92 J 
>nto life eternal." 1st Pet. 4: 17, 18. "And ifthe right- 
eous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and sin- 
ner appear ;" (his is according to scriptural testimony, 
including the 9th Psalm, 97 ; "the wicked shall be turn- 
ed into hell, and all the nations that forget God. Ps. 11: 
♦j. "Upon the wicked he shall reign snares, fire and 
brimstone, and a horrible tempest;" this shall be the por- 
tion of their cup. Duet. 32: 22. " For a fire is kindled 
in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowermost hell, con- 
sume the earth with her increase and set on fire the founda- 
tions of the mountains." Numb. 22: 22. "God's anger 
a\ as kindled." Rev. 28: 2, &c. "the great Babylon is 
fell, and is become. the habitation of devils." Now we 
may consider their habitation, which is in the heart of man, 
which ever does keep the man in trouble, like die boiling 
seas no peace nor happiness can be found in that state ; if 
he dies in that state he must be like the ship when she 
strikes the rock, she splits, and down she sinks, with all 
her valuable cargo, and crew, no more to rise. But now 
question if man be troubled with such a bad tenant as this 
how can he get clear of him and turn him out ; he must 
take no illegal steps, but he himself must go according to 
Jaw, and then what he does is legal ; and the only way 
given in scripture, is to cast the devil out, is to comply 
with what the Lord has said, that is, son, daughter, give 
me thine heart; this is all that God requires in the com- 
pliance, for he sayeth "blessed are the pure in heart, for 
they shall see God," that is, to continue until death. Now 
upon this subject, we shut the door, and there is only one 
- vav to get in, and this is the way. Come, let us comply 
■\itli the commandment of God, by agreeing with thine 
adversary quickly, whilst thou art in the way with him lest 
.it any time the adversary deliver thee to the Judge, and 
iho Jr.diie deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into 
prison. " Math. 5: 25. 

The Scribes were the Doctors of the law, together with 
die Pharisees. Of the law of Moses, the Pharisees were 
;i precise set of men, making profession of a more exact 
observance of the law, and upon that account greatly es- 
teemed among the people. If a man is in danger of the 
judgment lie shall be liable to be brought before the lower 
court, among the Jews, which took cognizance of such 



[ 93 ] 

crimes : whereas, the council or Sanhedrem, was a higher 
court and had greater authority. This was in the exter- 
nal performance in which they had to regulate their tem- 
poral concerns, but in the spiritual sense I understand it 
this way, that the adversary represents Jesus Christ, for 
this reason he said, he that is for me is not against me,and 
he that is against me is not for me, for it is in our power 
to agree with Christ, and he will be satisfied, and the debt 
is paid, while we continue to agree with him, -that is, in this 
life, for he said "he that endureth to the end, the same 
shall be saved." And now if-we had to agree with the dev- 
il to let us go, that, we might serve God, I ask you, how 
many you think would get to heaven? Judge for your- 
selves for Pharoah did promise to let Israel go, and al- 
though he partly consented to let them go, it seems that he 
did not mean it from his heart: therefore, to prove it, he 
followed them, and I believe he lost his soul and body. — 
Now the only way to get rid of the devil, is to hold no 
consultation with him on the subject, but like Moses do 
what God has commanded us, that is the only way that 
we can get clear of him and his crew, for he is a liar from 
the beginning, as the scripture saith, for after our Lord 
came out of the water the devil taking him up into an ex- 
ceeding high mountain, showing him all the kingdoms of 
the world, that is, pointed out to him, where each king- 
dom lay, and set forth in words, what was most glorious 
and admirable in each of them, or also, set before his eyes, 
as it were, in a large map a lively representation of all 
those kingsdom, and after all this he said unto Christ, all 
these things will I give unto thee, if thou wilt fall down 
and worship me ; and he even had the assurance to say 
unto him, it is written he shall give his angels charge con- 
cerning thee, and in their hands they shall bear thee up. 
Now only see the craft and knowledge of the devil ; he 
thought he was in possession of these, as to attempt to 
fool our Lord in order to sap the foundation of the hu- 
man family and make God a liar. But the wisdom of God 
being so far superior to that of his, he told him " get thee 
behind me Satan." 

Now let us consider what he had- to give. He went to 
give a lie : it was not received ; and he went to attempt to 
offer kingdoms, and the glories thereof : and in all this he 



[ 04 ] 

failed ; and good reason for it, lor he had not die hell that 
he dwells in, for hell has him ; and much more ibr him to 
attempt to have any kingdoms here. And this place call- 
ed hell, 1 believe is where their worm dielh not and the 
lire is not quenched. Math- 11: 48. Some people sav 
they can get into purgatory and there to remain for a few- 
days to be purifyed and then to be received into heaven after 
all their sinning against God here, whilst in a state of pro- 
bation according to the judgment of the wiscinen of the 
earth can they find scripture to bear them out in such a 
state as that, for the salvation of souls after a certain period 
in purgatory, as some call it, and then get to heaven. 
Such scripture is unknown to me, for I read if the tree 
falleth towards the south or towards the north, in the place 
where the tree falleth there it shall be. Eccl. 11. This 
is a general scope of the human family, that is, if the tree 
beareth fruit, it is well, and if not, it will be cut down and 
cast into the five. Now the tree that beareth the fruit is 
the christian, obedience is the tree, and charity is the fruit 
that it bears. This is love of God in men, to do as he 
would like to have done unto him if he were in the same 
condition, Math 7: 12. "Now I perceive the fruit of the 
spirit is love, joy and peace, long-suffering and gentle- 
ness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance, against such 
.there is no law. lsah. 3: 10. "Say ye to the righteous 
that it shall be well with him, for they shall eat the fruits 
of their doings;" and now on the left hand here the awful 
sentence, : 'wo unto the wicked, it shall be ill with him, for 
the reward of his hands shall be given him." "Such as 
do these things, envying, murder, drunkenness, railing 
and such like, of which I told you, as I have also told you 
in lime past, that they which doeth such things shall not 
inherit the kingdom of God ;" and whenever time 
is closed with them here, and here you may read your 
doom, and death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. 
This is the second death, and whosever was not found writ- 
ten in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. Rev. 
20: 14; do. 1: 18. I close this as follows: "I am he 
that liveth and was dead; behold! I am alive forevermore, 
amen ; and have the keys of hell and of death." 

And now a hint to those that may become wise, they 
may search and if they can find no better scripture to guar- 



[95 ] 
entee them saiety in time, they better comply with this be- 
fore they enter into enternity, for 1 wish the glorious wel- 
ware of all nry kindred and fellow citizens, in time and in 
eternity. And now I leave you to judge for yourselves 
and O! that you may make a wise choice in time, and 
now begin to pray for the gift of God, for now is the ac- 
cepted time and the day of salvation. I told you to pray 
for the gift, that is, t\\e offerings that you shall make to 
God shall be, instead of that which should be expended 
for thy profit This tradition of the Pharisees was calcu- 
lated to enrich themselves by exempting children from giv- 
ing any further assistance to their parents, if they once 
offered to the temple, and the Priests, that which should 
have been the support of their parents, but this was a vio- 
lation of the law of God and of nature, which our Saviour 
here condemns. God's holy word and all christian puritv, 
neither are they to be counted among the doctrines and 
commandments of men, because they proceed not from 
mere human authority, but from that which Christ has es- 
tablished in his church, whose pastors he has commanded 
us to hear and obey even as himself. Luke 10: 16; Math. 
IS: 17. li That is no uncleanness in meat nor any dirt 
contracted by eating it with unwashed hands, can defile 
the soul, but sin alone, or disobedience tif the heart to the 
ordinances and will of God ;" and thus when Adam took 
the forbidden fruit, it was not the fruit which entered into 
the mouth, but the disobedience to the law of God, in my 
judgment, which defiled him ; the same is to be said of a 
Jew in the time of the o'd law, had eaten swine flesh, or a 
christian convert in the days of the apostle, contrary to 
their ordinance, had eaten blood, or of any of the faithful 
at present should transgress the ordinances of God's church, 
by breaking the feasts, for in all these cases, the soul would 
be defiled, not indeed by that which goeth into the mouth, 
but b} r the disobedience of the heart in wilfully transgres- 
sing the ordinance of God, or of those who have their au- 
thority from him. Math. 16: 16. See what is said. — 
"And Simon Peter answered and said, thou-artthe Christ 
the son of the Living God." Peter here, by divine revela- 
tion, made a solemn profession of his faith of the divinity of 
Christ. So in recompense of this faith and profession, 
our Lord here declares to him the dignity to which he was 



[96] 

pleased to raise him; that he, to whom he had already 
given the name of Peter (signifying a rock) John 1: 42. 
shouidbe a rock indeed, of innumerable strength, for the 
support of the building of the church, in which building he 
should be next to Christ himself, the chief foundation stone 
in quality, of chief pastor, ruler and governor, and should 
have accordingly all fullness of ecclesiastical power, sig- 
nified by the keys of the kingdom of heaven upon this 
rock. The word of Christ to Peter spoken in the vulgar 
language of the Jews, which our Lord made use of, were 
the same as if he said in English, thou art a rock and up- 
on this rock I will build my church. So that by the plain 
course of the words, Peter is here declared to be the rock 
upon which the church was to be built; that is, he was 
to continue in Christ, for Christ himself being both the 
principal foundation and founder of the same, where, also, 
note, that Christ by building his house,that is, his church, 
upon a rock, has hereby secured it against all storms 
and floods, like the wise builder, Math. 7: 24, 25 ; the 
gates of hell, that is, the power of darkness and all his a- 
gents, and what Satan can do either by himself or his a- 
gents, for as the church is here likened to a house, or it. 
fortress built on a rock, so the adverse power, are likened 
to a contrary house or fortress, the gates of which, the 
whole strength, and all the efforts it can make can never 
be able to prevail over the city or church of Christ. By 
the promise, we are fully assured that neither idolatry. 
heres}', nor any pernicious error whatsoever, shall, at any 
time prevail over the church of Christ, for it is a place- 
where God delights to dwell, to bless his people, for 
where there are two or three gathered together in my name 
there am I in the midst of them. This is understood of 
:-uch assemblies only as are gathered in the name and au- 
thority of Christ, and in the unity of the church ofChrist; 
these are without fornication or adultery ; in case of for- 
nication, that is, of adultery, the wife may be put away, 
but even then the husband cannot marry another as long 
:is the wife is living, according to scripture, for it is said, 
"what, therefore, God hath joined together, let no man 
put asunder." By continuing in this state do those per- 
-ons conceive that they are acceptable ones to take the sa- 
crament ? I sav not. No man can be a servant of God 



[97] 

while he continues to do the things that God forbids him. 
Math 19: 0. " Now the coming of Christ was in order 
to destroy all these abominations, manifest to all the 
world like lightning, and wheresoever he shall come,thith- 
er shall all mankind be gathered to him, as eagles are 
gathered about a dead body, and wo be to those who 
never eat of his fl«sh and drink of his blood ;" that is, in 
a spiritual sense. Luke 22: 19. "And he took bread 
and gave thanks, and brake it and gave it unto them, 
saying, This is my body which was gave for you, d« this 
in remembrance of me." He does not say this is the 
figure of my body, but this is my body. Neither does he 
say in this or with this, is my body, but absolutely, this is 
my body, which plainly implies transubstantiation. — 
Drink ye all of this. This was spoken to the twelve apos- 
tles, who were then all present, and they all drank of it. — 
Mark 14: 23. But it no ways follows from these words 
spoken to the apostles, that all the faithful are here com- 
manded to drink of the cup, any more than that all the 
faithful are commanded to consecrate, offer and adminis- 
ter this sacrament ; because Christ on the same occasion 1 , 
and as I may say, with the same breath, bid the apostles 
do so in these words, " do this in remembrance of me." — 
As the Old Testament was dedicated with the blood of 
victims by Moses in these words, this is the blood of the 
New Testament. Heb. 9: 20. So here is the dedication 
and institution of the New Testament, in the blood of 
Christ, here mystically shed. By these words, this is the 
blood of the New Testament — fruit of the vine — these 
words, by the account of St. Luke 22d chap. 18th verse, 
were not spoken of as the sacramental cup, but of the wine 
that was drank with the Paschal Lamb, though the sacra- 
mental cup might also be called the fruit of the vine, be- 
cause it was consecrated from wine and retained the like- 
ness and ail the accidents or qualities of wine. A blessed 
institution, indeed, and the power he gave,unto his apostles 
commission, and to their successors, the bishops and pas- 
tors of Christ's church, he received from his father all 
power in heaven and in earth and in virtue of this power 
.he sends them even as his father sent them to teach not a 
few individuals, but all nations, and instruct them in all 
truths, and that he will assist them effectually in the exe- 

I 



[98 ] 

cuiion of this commission, he promises to be with them 
not for three or four hundred years only, but always even 
to the consummation of the world. How then could the 
church of Christ, ever go astray, having always with her, 
pastors, as is here promised? Christ is the way, the truth 
and the life. The great figure of the sacrament by Mel- 
chizideck, to be the greatest type of Christ. After Abra- 
ham had gained the victory and overcame his enemies, 
this exalted character,Melchizideck,king of Salem, brought 
forth bread and wine, and he was the Priest of the Most 
High God, and he blessed him, and said, blessed be Abra- 
ham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. 
This was in an early age of the world, almost two thous- 
and years before Christ, according to my judgment. And 
now this bread and wine, as it was given after Abraham 
gained the victory and overcame his enemies : his ene- 
mies were temporal, and in our day ours are spiritual. — 
Through the gospel, sinners are awakened and brought to 
the light and knowledge of the truth as it is in Christ, then 
his body and blood is a balm for every wound, and his 
blood a cordial for every fear. While we thus follow the 
commandment of eating his flesh and drinking his blood 
in remembrance of him, it shall preserve our souls and 
bodies unto everlasting life. 

Another beautiful figure of the sacrament the Lord hath 
commanded, saying, " speak unto the children of Israel 
that they bring a red heifer without spot, wherein is no 
blemish, and upon which never came a yoke." As this 
heifer was red they all saw it and offered it for a sacrifice 
for sin, and consumed it with fire without the camp. — 
Num. 19: 2. This was a figure of the passion of Christ, 
by whose precious blood, applied to our souls in the holy 
sacrament we are cleansed from our sins by believing that 
he is, and a rewarder of all those that diligently seek him, 
for theirs is a fountain opened in the house of king David 
for sin and uncleanness, for these ordinances are only to 
the true Israelites' soul and his only, for his end is peace : 
Jesus can make his dying bed as soft as a downy pillow. 

Melchizideck, king of Salem brought forth bread and 
wine, and he was the Priest of the most high God, ami 
he blessed him and said, " blessed be Abraham of the 
Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth." Num, 



[ 99 ] 
19 c. ''The Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, 
saying, This is the ordinance of the Lord which the Lord 
liath commanded, saying, speak unto the children of Is- 
rael, that they bring thee a red heifer without spot, where- 
in is no blemish, and upon which never came yoke." You 
all may see that water of separation is a purification for 
sin. Whom. is he that loveth mercy and can forgive his 
brother when he sins against him? Have you got grace 
to forgive until seventy times seven ? O ! let us look at 
this number of times — 490 times. " The Lord said un- 
to Moses make thee a fiery serpent and set it upon a pole 
that every one that is bitten, when he looketh upon it 
shall live^ And Moses made a serpent of brass. — 
"And the Lord said my presence shall go with thee 
and I will give thee rest." Phil. 1: 21. The fruits of 
their faith and true worship in Christ's sufferings, and dai- 
ly praying to him for their increase in grace, and knowl- 
edge, when to some, how ready lie is to glorify Christ eith- 
er by his life or death. O for fortitude to stand in the 
door of persecution ; "for to me to live is Christ, and to 
die is gain." Rev. 14: 13. "The lamb standing on 
Mount Zion with his company of angels and ministers, to 
preach the gospel, the fall of Baylon, and now the fall of 
the world and the great hope of righteousness. And I 
heard a voice from heaven, saying unto me, write blessed 
are the dead which die in the Lord, from henceforth: yea, 
saith the spirit, that they shall rest from their labor and 
their works do follow them. The great vanity of human 
persuits, and the lovers in the works of pleasure, thought 
the wise man, would be better than the fool, yet both have 
one event, the vanity of human labor, in leaving it they 
know not to whom. Here we may see the great wisdom 
of God, by the necessary change of times, vanity is increas- 
ed, God's works are excellent, his desire of service to his 
people, and from the abuses of human judicatures, God's 
judgments are suspended, so that the wicked may look out 
for their reward, and for every thing there is a season, 
and a time for every purpose under the heaven, a time to 
be born and a time to die; and now let us not be troubled 
about the time we shall live : how long or how short : 
there is only one thing needful ; let us, in God's name, try 



[ 100 ] 

to live to-day as we would wish to die to-morrow ; tliers 
brothers and ministers, it will be well with us in time and 
in eternity, for the only thing h, to get right and then to 
keep right. Amen. I now speak as unto wise men judge 
ve what I say. 

It was spoken of the Lord by the prophet (see Math. 2: 
15) saying, out of Egypt have I called my son." " And 
it shall come to pass that every soul which will not hear 
that prophet shall be destroyed from among the people." 
il And there came a fire out from before the Lord, all the 
people saw it, they shouted and fell on their faces." "And 
he stood between the dead and the living, and now the 
members that did die were fourteen thousand and seven 
hundred, besides them that died al>out the matter of Ko- 
rah. And Aaron returned unto Moses, unto the door of 
the tabernacle of the congregation : and the plague was 
stayed." Christ is a king forever. His law does not al- 
low us to hate even our enemies, much less our parents ^ 
1 mean we must have such a disposition of soul as to be 
willing to renounce and part with every thing how near or 
dear soever it may be to us, that would keep us from 
Christ. By this it is plainly seen that the septre of free 
grace is yet held out to sinners : likewise, joy shall be 
in heaven over one sinner that repenteth, more than over 
ninety and nine just persons who need no repentance. — 
And I new, in my weak judgment, judge these to be in- 
fants, that need no repentance, for if there is no law given 
there can be no violation. Although there may be many 
that will not agree with me in my opinion, but if they will 
» ive a more correct proof by scripture than this, 1 will give up, 
if not, mine may stand as according to the word of the Lord. 
I perceive this is correct, for Christ said suffer little chil- 
dren to come unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is 
(he kingdom of God. Hereby I say unto you, whosoever 
shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, 
^hall in no wise enter therein. Luke 18: 16,17. Now, 
on this subject, judge ye for yourselves, not that I would 
wish to casta stigma on any, but my ardent desire is, that 
all may be saved and escape the damnation of hell, for 
under the apostolic age of the world, there were many 
that did not believe, on the Lord Jesus Christ : and in 
fact, they caused Peter to deny our Lord and Master,pre- 



vious to that the Lord told him before the cock crow twice 
thou shalt deny me thrice. The cock crew at two differ- 
ent times of the night, about midnight for the first time, 
and then about the time commonly called the cock crow- 
ing : and this was the cock-crowing our Saviour spoke 
of, and therefore, the other evangelist takes no notice of 
the first crowing. But it appears when the cock did crow 
Peter was convicted, and did remember immediately the 
words of our Lord, and he began to weep. Jesus at that 
time, knowing that his time was but short here among us, 
although his hour had not yet come, but it was not afar 
off. Soon afterwards there was a council held with the 
elders and counsels and bound Jesus and carried him a- 
way and delivered him to Pilate, and there they asked 
him many questions, but he answered them nothing. — 
And they cryed out, crucify him, and according to their 
wicked desire, he was crucified on the third hour. The 
ancient account divided the day into four parts which 
were named from the hour from which they began, the 
first, third, sixth and ninth hours. Our Lord was cruci- 
fied a little before noon, before the third hour had quite 
expired ; but when the sixth hour was near at hand, on 
speaking of himself before, or previous to his crucifixtion, 
he said that he would rise on the third day, and on that 
day before the sun had risen, they set out before it was 
light to go to the sepulcher, but the sun had risen when 
they arrived there, or perhaps the sun here spoken of is 
the sun of justice, Christ Jesus our Lord, who had risen 
before their coming. Observe, here is order to reconcile 
the four evangelists, that divers persons concurred in char- 
ging Peter with being Christ's disciple, till at length they 
brought him to deny him at the fire ; first put the ques- 
tion to him, and then positively affirmed that he was with 
Christ. 2. Another maid accused him to the standers-by 
and gave occasion to the man here mentioned to renew 
the charge against him, which caused the second denial. 
3. Others of the company took notice of his being a Gali- 
lean, and were seconded by the kinsman of Malichas, who 
affirmed he had seen him in the garden, and this drew on 
the third denial. But I say, notwithstanding we are flesh 
and blood as Peter was; but thank the Lord that Peter 
saw his weakness, and after he was convinced, he repented 

I* 



L 1U * J 

and I believe, according to scripture, that he was the first 

apostle, and the man whom the Lord loved. Therefore, 
I do say that there is a great chance for a backslider, if he 
will do as Peter did, and repent, I believe that God will 
give him a double talent. One would say why, the rea- 
son I say is this, the man has been following Christ for 
some time and through weakness and fear he forsakes 
God, and becomes a backslider ? I will assign my reason 
that if the man returns and continues in the faith until death 
he will receive double,by his being in the way at once, he 
now knows the danger of falling, for it is said that he that 
slandeth take heed lest he fall from his steadfastness. Hear 
what the Lord said "Comfort ye, Comfort ye my people 
sayth 3'our God, speak ye comfortable to Jerusalem, and 
cry unto her that her warfare is accomplished, that her 
iniquities are pardoned, for she hath received of the Lord's 
hand double for all her sins. Ish. 40. And it is said a- 
gain, " in a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a mo- 
ment, but with everlasting kindness, 1 will have mercy up- 
on thee sayeth the Lord thy redeemer." By this you may 
see that God has ever been merciful unto the backslider, 
for according unto the scripture, if our first parents had 
not sinned, there would have been no need of the gospel, 
but for their sins was the cause of their being banished out 
from Paradise. Then there was no other way after they 
had broken the commandment, only to comply with the 
requisition of the gospel, and that is by repentance, for he 
said, I am married to the backslider. Jer, 3: 14. This 
•vill show us that man ought not to have but one wife, for 
it is said what God has joined together, let no man put a- 
: under ; that is, I mean of a professor of religion, and a 
woman, and they depart from each other or any other 
person is the cause of iheir separation, there is a great 
• rime committed without there is a reconciliation on 
both sides, sin lieth at the door, and in a backslid* 
ing state. This is one reason why the prophet said 
"Return, O ye backsliding Israel, and I will love you free- 
ly ;" that he might give you sufficient grace. I never 
knew in my life, for a man and woman, being wife and 
husband, living the life of the gospel, that ever had any 
call, or even a moving of the mind, to depart, in a tem- 
poral sense, much more in a spiritual one, and you may 



[" ITJB J 
fake it for granted, that if ever you see a man and woman, 
or as you may call it, husband and wife, separate from 
each other, the devil is in the midst, for he is the author 
of confusion, and that is the reason they cannot have any 
peace, for one wrong never rights a wrong on the other 
hand. One right rule well followed will right a thousand 
.wrong ones, by which millions may receive comfort, in 
time and in eternity. God help us, that is, in the path to 
keep in it, then we can mind the things that is most need- 
ful for both soul and body, for he will convince the world 
of sin and of righteousness, and of a judgment to come: 
the Holy Ghost by his coming brought over many .thous- 
and. 1st. To a sense of their sins in not believing in 
Christ. 2. To a conviction of the justice of Christ now 
sitting at the right hand of his father. 3i To a right ap- 
prehension of the judgment prepared for those who choose 
to follow satan, who is already judged and condemned. — 
God delivered up his son, and his son delivered up him- 
self for the love of us arid for the sake of our salvation ; 
and so Christ being delivered up he was holy and it was 
God's own determination, but those who betrayed and 
crucified him did wickedly, following therein their own 
malice and the instigation of the devil ; not the will and 
determination of God, who was by no means the author of 
their wickedness, though he permitted it because he could 
and did draw out of it so great a good, the salvation of 
man, having overcome the grievous pains of all the pow- 
ers of hell, and gave full commission unto the apostle? to 
go out into the world and exclaim unto the people that 
there was a high and living way whereby they may get to 
heaven. 

Peter being one of the twelve : on a certain time it pleas- 
ed God to instill something more into Peter than ever,and 
that by a vision. Acts. 10. "Then Peter openeth his 
mouth and said of a truth, T perceive that God is no re- 
spector of persons, but in every nation he that feareth him 
and worketh righteousness is accepted with him ;" that is 
to say not only Jew but Gentile ; also of what nation soev- 
er are acceptable to God, if they fear him and work right- 
eousness, but then true faith is always to be presupposed ; 
without faith, which saith St. Paul,itis impossible to please 
God; because then of the error of those who would infer 



irom the passage, that men of all religions may be pleasing 
to God, for since none hut the true religion can be from 
God, ali other religions must be from the father of lies, and 
therefore, highly displeasing to the God of truth. But 
Christ, as a man, was predestinated to be the son of God 
and declared to be so, as the aspostle Paul here signifies, 
first, by power, that is by his working stupendous miracles^ 
secondly, by the spirit of sanctification, that is, by his 
sanctify or holiness ; thirdly, by his resurrection, or rais- 
ing himself from the dead. God only, is essentially true, 
all men, in t'seir own capacity are liable to lies and error; 
nevertheless, God, who is the truth, will make good his 
promise of keeping his church in all truth. There is not 
any man just by virtue, or, cither of the law of nature or 
of the law of Moses, but only by faith and grace. The 
faith to which the apostle here attributes man's justifica- 
tion, is not presumptions assurance of our being justified, 
but a firm and lively belief of all that God has revealed or 
promised. Ileb. 11. " F -.th working through charity 
in Jesus Christ." In short, faith which embraces hope, 
and repentance, and the use of the sacrament, and the 
works which lie here excludes, are only the works of the 
law, that is, such as are done by the law of nature, or that 
of Moses, antecedent to the faith of Christ, but by no 
means sue!) as follow fe.th and proceed from it, by the in- 
ward motion of divine love mi the peace of conscience, 
which the children of Go:! experience; they have a true 
testimony of God's ihvor,by which they a. re mud) strength- 
ened in their hope cf their justification and salvation, but 
ytt not so as to pretend to an absolute assurance, which is 
nut usually granted in this mortal life, during which we 
are taeeht to work out our salvation with fear and trem- 
biinr. Phil. 2: 12. ' And wherefore, let him that think- 
t-tli he standoth, take heed lest he fall." Rom. 11: 20,2 J, 
22. "Not all who are carnal seed of Israel, are true Israel- 
ites in God's accounts, who has by his free grace hereto- 
fore preferred Isaac before Ishmael and Jacob before Esau; 
so he could and did, by the like free grace, election and 
mercy, raise up spiritual children by faith, to Abraham 
and Israel, from among the Gentiles, and prefer them be- 
fore the carnal Jews, for these two sons, namely, Esau 
and Jacob. By this example of these two, and the pre!- 



L 105 ] 

erence of the younger to the elder, the drift of the apostfe 
is to show to these, that God, in his election, mercy and 
grace, is not tied to any particular nation, as the Jews im- 
agined, nor to any prerogative of birth, or any foregoing 
merits, for as, antecedently to his grace, he sees no merits 
in any, but finds all involved in sin, in the common mass 
of condemnation, and all children of wrath : there is no 
one whom he might not justly leave in the mass, so that 
whomsoever he leaves in it, he leaves in his justice. As 
when two equally criminal, a king is pleased, out of pure 
mercy, to pardon one, while he suffers justice to. take 
place in the execution of the other, that is, by any power 
or strength of his own, abstracting from the grace of God, 
not that God made him on purpose that he should sin and 
so that he might be damned, but foreseeing his obstinacy 
in sin, and the abuse of his own free will, he raised him 
up to be a mighty man in this world, to make a more re- 
markable example, and that his power may be better 
known, and his justice m punishing him,published through- 
out the earth, not by being the cause or author of, but by 
withholding his grace on the account of his disobedience, 
and so leaving him in his sin, in punishment of his past 
crimes. This similitude is used only to show that we are 
not to dispute with our maker, nor to reason with him, 
and say why he does not give as great grace to one as 
to^another, for since the whole mass of our clay is vetiafecl 
by sin, it is owing to his goodness and mercy, that he 
makes out of it so many vessels of honor, and it is no more 
than just, that others, in punishment of their unexpiated 
sins, should be given up to be vessels of dishonor, for God 
sayeth " my spirit shall not always strive with man." — 
This is the word of God, in order that we may build up- 
on a sure foundation in this life, and while his spirit is yet 
striving the foundation is Christ and his doctrine, or the 
true faith in him working through charity, the building 
upon this foundation. Gold and silver and precious 
stones (see 1st Cor. 3: 12.) signifies the more perfect 
preaching and practice of the gospel The wood hay 
and stubble, such preaching as was that of the Corinthian 
teachers, who affected the pomp of words and human elo- 
quence, and such practice as is mixed with much imperfec- 
tion and many lesser sins. Now the day of the Lord and 



C 106 3 

his fiery trial in the particular judgment, immediately af- 
ter death, shall make manifest of what sort every man's 
work has been, of which, during this life, it is hard to 
make a judgment, for then the fire of God's judgment 
>ha!l try every man's work and those whose works are 
like wood, ha}' and stubble, cannot abide the fire, shall 
and will suffer loss : these works being found to be of no 
value, yet they themselves having built upon the right 
foundation, by living and dying in the true faith and in 
the state of grace, though with some imperfection, shall 
be saved, yet so as by fire, being liable to this punishment 
In reason of the wood, hay and stubble, which are mixed 
with their buildings. By the law such can hardly ever 
be without a fault on the one side or the other, and on 
both sides that is all indifferent; things are indeed, law- 
ful, inasmuch as they are not prohibited, but oftentimes 
they are not-expedient, as in the case of law suits, £tc. and 
much less would it be expedient to be enslaved by an irreg- 
ular affection to any thing how independent soever the true 
children of God's church is, the pure in heart, for he said that 
none but the pure in heart shall see God. The command- 
ment of love which was first given in the old law, but was 
renewed and extended by Christ. John 13: 34. The 
church of God, under the guidance of their lawful pastor, 
partakes of the grace of the Holy Ghost, promised to the 
church and her pastor, and have in the church all necessa- 
ry knowledge and instruction, as long as he kcepeth in 
himself this seed of peace and this divine generation by 
which he is born of God, but then, he may fall from this 
happy state, by the abuse of his free will. Rom. 11, 20: 
21,22; 1st Cor. 9: 37; do. 10: 12; 2d Pet. 3: 17; 
Rev. 3: 11. Now my friendly hearer, I call upon you 
in God's name, to read these passages of scripture with. 
due attention, that you may not be deceived in time or 
in eternity ; lift up the right scale first, then we will see 
our duty to God and to our neighbor and ourselves. Now 
the left hand scale, that is, we must wear the world as a 
loose garment, for according to scripture, there is a pos- 
sihility after a man has been once enlightened, and tasted 
the good word of God, then after this, fall from grace and 
that by neglecting his duty'to God. This is very clear tn 
i\ "iy discerning mind, when we see so many passages of 



[ 107 ] 

scripture to confirm the truth, we are not commanded to 
stop by the way, but to continue to the end of life, fcr to- 
gether we stand, and if we are divided we are sure to fall; 
look well to the point and judge for yourselves in order 
for a proof of this, that there is a possibility of a man, after 
believing in grace, that he may, by his wicked action and 
deeds, that he will cause the power of God and the reve- 
lation of the righteous judgments of God upon his own 
head, and if he does not repent, must be lost. Math. 10. 
Read it if you please. Math 27: 5. Now think for y qur- 
selves whether a murderer has eternal life abiding in him. 
Luke 22: 3. 

I perceive, according to my judgment, that Judas was 
a good man, but by neglect of duty, though the devil was 
out of |pim he then entered into Judas, surnamed Iscariot, 
being of the number of the twelve, one of whom the Lord 
had given commission to go forth and cast out devils in 
his name, and to heal the sick, and to cleanse the leprosy. 
&c. Now we see that this was a chosen man of our 
blessed redeemer, and stood on a level with the rest of the 
apostles, and was given the same authority ; but previous 
to the death of our Lord, we see him in three points. 1st. 
as a Judas. 2d. As a deceiver or betrayer. 3d. As a 
murderer ; and wo be unto that man in whom the Son of 
Man is betrayed. It would be better for that man that he 
had never been born. Acts 15: 25. "Judas, by trans- 
gression fell that he might go to his own place." This is 
the awful condition of such person or persons, after re- 
ceiving a commission to go forth to deliver the same, if 
'by neglect of attending to their duty in a temporal sense, 
they are punished according to the laws of the country ; at 
the same time the temporal law cannot hurt the soul, but 
a commission delivered to a man to deliver to others, that 
their souls may enjoy the benefits thereof, and he neglects 
to deliver that commission, the soul must appear before 
that same tribunal to answer the charge, for not discharg- 
ing their duty, and then if guilty, he must depart from 
God and the glory of his power, for this reason we are 
commanded to search thescriptures,for our own satisfaction 
that we may get a proper understanding and a just con- 
ception of the things that make for our peace in time and 
in eternity, for it is said tha,t none of them is lost but the 



[108] 
son of perdition. And now by brethren, seeing the con- 
dition of these things, let us, for God's sake, and for your 
soul's sake, be watchful and stand fast, whereby Christ 
has made us free. 

There are many in this day, we might say are heretics, 
althongh some people call the Methodists, heretics, but 1 
do not call them so, nor do I believe that there is any man 
or woman, that had a moral form of religion, much more 
genuine religion, would call them so, for what I take to be 
a heretic, are the enemies of Christ, let them be who they 
may, for no christian is considered an heretic, and no 
christian is an enemy to the church of Christ. But there 
are many sorts of christians in the world, but not solid, 
steadfast, genuine christians, otherwise they would have 
remained in the church, I do not mean the temporal 
church, but the spiritual church of Christ, that is, grace 
and wisdom from the Holy Ghost. It is commonly under- 
stood of heretics, that they are not able to hurt the green 
tree, that is, such as have a lively faith, working by chari- 
ty, but only the reprobate, they are represented as pre- 
pared for battle, as being ever ready to contend : they 
wear counterfeit gold on their heads, for all is but pre- 
tence and fiction in shape : they are as men in smoothness 
of speech, as women in fury and rage against all who op- 
pose them : as lions, their breasts and hearts are as hard 
as iron, they are full of noise and subtilty : the sting of 
their pestiferous doctrine is worse than that of the scor- 
pion's bite : their reign is generally but for a 6hort time, 
but we as christians of the true church of God, not that 
church, as some of our neighboring professors of the dif- 
ferent sects, in which they go to say, that ihe church that 
Christ founded upon Peter the rock, was a temporal one, 
and that was the only true church ; but I say it was a 
spiritual church, and the gates of hell never should prevail 
against it. I have often thought that people took the na- 
ked walls to be the church. Sometimes they build a house 
out of stone and raorlar : they call that the church. And 
I have known members of different meeting houses, who 
have happened to visit a church of another society, who 
were considered almost, and sometimes in fact, have lost 
their membership, and they would have said to them, why 
did you not go to your own church ? Now what I call the 



[ 109 ] 

duirch, is, that man or woman who has the love, of God 
shed abroad in their hearts: having a well grounded hope 
in this life and that which is to come. If so, they carry 
the church with them, that is, Christ, the true church. — 
She hath the moon, that is, the changeable things of this 
world, under her feet, and the twelve stars with which she 
is crowned, (Rev. 12: 1.) are the twelve apostles. She 
is in labor and pain, whilst she brings forth her children ; 
and Christ is then in the midst of affliction and persecu- 
tion. When the Lord made this revelation to St. John, 
the situation of the church of Christ was peculiarly critical. 
Jerusalem and her temple, the former people and church 
of God lay in total ruin, which in its holy records and ma- 
ny glorious promises, net yet fulfilled, the banners of the 
church had been planted, and her ministers every where 
met with great success in enlisting many valient soldiers 
for the service of the Lord. Jews and Gentiles were a- 
larmed at this rapid propagation of the gospel, and the 
christians were in full expectation of the approach 
of the personal kingdom of Christ on earth, which 
should compass the whole world. In the midst of 
this full tide of prosperity, the church of Christ was ar- 
rested by the cruel persecution of the Roman Emperor, 
Nero, and Domitian revived, Paganism, in all, its abomi- 
nations, threatened Christianity with utter destruction. — 
Idolatry was every where again vigorously supported by 
the power of the Prince of darkness. The self-interested 
views of a host of Priests and the corrupt passions of men. 
But the religion of Jesus, was accounted foolishness, an 
enemy to the state and to mankind, and only maintained 
herself by the truth of her doctrine and the holy lives of 
her disciples. When the christians saw all their hopes 
thus crossed and all their wishes prostrated, and fears' con- 
cerning the truth and divine origin of the christian reli- 
gion, and her final success on earth. Short sighted rea- 
son argued thus : If Jehovah be the author of Christianity, 
and Jesus Christ the son of God, then our religion must 
finally prevail, and all the promises concerning the welfare 
of Zion, will surely be accomplished, but the natural pro- 
bability from the violent opposition of the world is against 
us, and Paganism is victorious from the throne to the cot- 
tage. It is not impossible that we may be deceived, man 

K. 



[ 110] 
perhaps, is doomed to wander in darkness, doubt, and per- 
plexity, through the valley of this world forlorn and ig- 
norant of a life to come, without a true knowledge of his 
maker and his God. If in this life only, we have hope in 
Christ, we are of all men most miserable. 1st Cor. 15: 
19. 

He who sitteth on the white horse, is Christ, going forth 
to subdue the world by his gospel ; the other horses which 
follow, represents the judgments and punishment which 
were to fall on the enemies of Christ and his church ; the 
red horse signifies war, the black horse, famine, and the 
pale horse, which has death for its rider, plagues or pes- 
tilence. Thus the great mystery was solved, and the 
christian now knew which of the true principles in the Ro- 
man Empire,would at last prevail. The lion of Judah had 
overcome, and now by a second victory laid even the 
throne and residence of Satan under his feet. The holy 
Martyrs were promoted to a higher state of felicity, and 
no doubt, the unhappy dead have been placed into a more 
painful looking for of judgment and fiery indignation, 
which shall devour the adversaries. Heb. 10: 27, 31 ; 
Math. 8: 29. Now we see that the power of Satan has 
been very much abridged by the passion of Christ, for n 
thousand years he was bound, that is, for the whole time 
of the New Testament, but especially from the time of the 
destruction of Babylon or Pagan Rome, till the new ef- 
forts of Gog and Magog against the church towards the 
end of the world, during which time, the souls of the Mar- 
tyrs and saints live and reign with Christ in heaven. In 
the first resurrection will be that of the bod}', at the day of 
the general judgment. This demonstrates that the beat- 
itude of the saints is not deferred until the general resur- 
rection, but that in the mean time, and while they are ab- 
sent from, they are present with the Lord in the particu- 
lar judgment. Immediately after death the soul is reward- 
ed or punished according to what it has done in the body 
here below, therefore, it is great wisdom, indeed, for us to 
try and make a sure work for heaven and eternal glory, 
and there to live with him forever, and enjoy his presence. 
This reward shall be given unto all the true followers of 
the meek and lowly Jesus, who gave himself for us, and 
made us kings and priests unto God. Joel 3: 16. God's 



[lit] 

judgments against the enemies of his people, and his bles- 
sings upon the church ; the Lord, also, shall roar out of 
Zion and utter his voice from Jerusalem, and the heavens 
and the earth shall shake, but the Lord will be the hope 
of his people. I shake not the earth only, but also the 
heavens. Now suppose that the earth being shaken is a 
figure of their idolatry, and the shaking of the heavens 
means the levitical worshippers, and the political state of 
the Jews, and the shaking of the earth signifies the destruc- 
tion of all the idolators, and the shaking of the heavens, 
the abolishing and removal of the Jewesh worshippers and 
government. That this seems to be the true meaning 
appears from this chapter. Heb. 12. For the things 
which cannot be shaken signifies the gospel, which is to 
remain to the end of the world, as the only form of reli- 
gion which is acceptable unto God; through a pure heart 
they all will be justified for their labors at the end. On 
the other hand, behold, the day cometh that shall burn as 
an oven, and all the proud, yea, and 'all that doeth vvickj- 
edly, shall be stubble, and the day that cometh shall burn 
them up, saith the Lord of Hosts, that it shall leave them 
neither root nor branch. Malichi 4th chap. 

The altar in Bethel. He put forth his hands from the 
altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he 
put forth against him, dried up, so thai he could not pull 
it in again. 1st Kings, 13. And took the mantle ofJGli- 
jah, that fell from him. 2d Kings, 2: 14. For to me to 
live is Christ, and to die is gain. Phil. 1: 21. * Be an- 
gry and sin not; let not the sun go down upon your wrath, 
neither give place to the devil Eph. 4: 26, When he 
had opened the seven seals, there was silence in heaven 
about the space of one half hour- 1st. Silence demands 
our attention. 2d. To hear the things that pertain unto 
salvation. 3d. Is to comply with that decree, so that it 
may be well with us in time and eternity. Luke 16: 23. 
And in hell he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, ami 
seeing Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosonn — 
John. 5: 39. Search the scriptures for in them ye think 
ye have eternal life, and they are they which testify of me. 
Acts 3: 19. Repent ye, therefore, and be converted,that 
your sins may be blotted out, when the time of refreshing 
shall come from the presence of the Lord. And it shall 



[ 112 ] 

come (o pass that every soul which will not Jiear that 
prophet, shall be destroyed from among this people. — 
Josh. 6: 13. And the seven priests bearing the seven 
trumpets of ram's horns, before the ark of the Lord. And 
in those days shall seek death and shall not find it, and 
shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them. Rev. 
18: 4. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying. 
Come out of her my people, that ye be not partakers of 
her sins, and that you receive not her plagues. Rev. C: 
i 6. And said unto the mountains and rocks, fall on us, 
this is the great day of his wrath, and who shall be ;ible to 
stand: none but the pure in heart. The soul that simictli 
shall die. For a fire is kindled in mine anger and shall 
burn unto the lowest hell. Num. 23r 10. Who can 
rount the dust of Jacob, and the number of the fourth part 
of Israel : let me die the death of the righteous and let my 
last end be like his. If we expect to die that death we 
must live a righteous life. Ezek. i33: 18. When the 
righteous turn away from his righteousness and commilteth 
iniquity, he shall even die thereby. Ezek. 33: 35. And 
I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause 
the evil beasts to cease out of the land, and they shall 
dwell safely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods. — 
Rev. 19: 17. And I saw an angel standing in the sun, 
and he cried with a loud voice, saying to all the fowls that 
fly in the midst of heaven, Come and gather yourselves 
together unto the supper of the great God. Rev. 13: 1. 
And there appeared great wonders in heaven, a woman 
clothed with the sun,and the moon under her feet, and up- 
on her head a crown of twelve stars Rev 19: 4. And 
the lour and twenty elders, and the four beasts, fell down 
and worshipped God that set on the throne, saying Amen; 
Alleluia. Rev. 2: 20. Behold ! I stand at the door and 
knock, if any man hear my voice and open the door, I 
will come in unto him and will sup with him and he with 
me. Ps. 91: 1. He that dwelleth in the secret place of 
the most high, shall abide under the shadow of the Almigh- 
ty. Ps. 19: 4. The great joy and happiness that is to 
come through the gospel to every believing soul ; their 
lines gone out through all the earth, and their words to 
the end of the world. In them he halh set a tabernacle 
for the son. Ps. 85: 10. Mercy and truth are met to- 



L xx «* J 

gether ', righteousness and peace have blessed each other, 

truth shall spring -out of the earth. Ps. 122: 6. Pray 
for the peace of Jerusalem : they shall prosper that love 
thee : peace be within thy walls and prosperity within thy 
palace. John 3. 4. And as Moses lifted up the serpent 
in the wilderness, even so must the son of man be lifted up. 
Num.21: 4,8. They journeyed from the mount Hor,by 
the way of the Red Sea, to compass the land of Edem, 
and the people sinned against God and God sent fiery 
serpents among them, and Moses prayed for the people, 
and the Lord said unto Moses, Make a serpent of brass 
and put it upon a pole, and it came to pass that if a - ser- 
pent had bit any man, when he beheld the serpent of brass 
he lived. Math. 2: 15. Which was spoken of the Lord 
by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my 
son : this is the great prophet indeed. Acts 3: 22. For 
Moses truly said a prophet shall the Lord your God raise 
up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shaft jfc# 
hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you, and 
it shall come to pass that every soul which will not hear 
that prophet, shall be destroyed from, among the people. 
Mind that as you pass by, for God is not to be mocked, 
for this is a Prophet indeed, and Priest and King : and 
he is the King that will reign forever. Dan. 2: 44. And 
in the days of those Kings, shall the God of heaven set up 
a kingdom which shall never be destroyed ; and the king- 
dom shall not be left to any other people, but it shall break 
in pieces and consume all these kingdoms,and it shall stand 
forever. The stones were cut out of the mountains with- 
out hands, and that is the reason that handi can never 
throw it down. This is a wonder to the world. This 
stone has become a great temple, far superior to that of 
Solomon's. Solomon's temple was put together without 
the sound of a hammer, and when finished, it had the re- 
semblance more of the Architector of the universe than 
that of human hands. But this temple here mentioned, 
is put together without any sound, or swearing, lying, or 
drunkenness, or otherwise of the wisdom of this world. — 
That is one great point for us to look into for there is a 
peace that dwelleth in it forever, and that is the reason 
that wicked men and devils never have been able to throw 
it down. Love is its foundation* salvation the walls and 

-K2 



L "* J 
its covering is victory : it is insured forever, while time 

lasts, and eternity rolls : it is fire proof, and water cannot 

drown it, for this reason the master above said, bind up 

the testimony, seal the law among my disciples, so that it 

may stand unto the redemption day. But now of late I 

have found myself better armed against these drone bees 

ihan formerly, when my bounty is going to the families of 

God's children. Fret not : do not be duped by the devil, 

a serpent or a wolf in a sheep skin. 

"God is my life :" Gen. 29. Jacob's journey is like 
unto the journey of man through time, and the well that 
Jacob see, the well of salvation, and the field, the world, 
and the three flocks of sheep lying by it, three sons of No- 
ah, going to the east and to the north, and to the south. 
Behold ! these are the sheep of the whole world, and only 
but the one well for all the sheep. O ! come and drink 
in time. Isa. 12 : 3. " Therefore with joy shall ye draw 
■water out of the wells of salvation." John 4 : 6. Jacob's 
well. do. 14. "But whosever drinketh of the water that 
I shall give him, shall never thirst ; but the water that I 
shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing 
up unto everlasting life." So amen. God grant unto all 
the faithful peace, in time and in eternity. 

See here a proof of a third place, or middle state of 
soul as some people sayeth, for these spirits in prison, to 
whom Christ went to preach after his death, were not in 
heaven, nor yet in hell, of the damned, because they say 
heaven is no prison, and Christ did not go to preach to the 
damned. Baptism is said to be of the like form with the 
water bv which Noah was saved, because the one was a 
figure of the other. Some say that baptism has not its 
< j nicacy in order to salvation, from its washing away any 
iodily filth or dirt, but from its purging the conscience 
from sin, when accompanied with suitable disposition in 
ihc party to answer the interrogation made at that time 
with relation to faith, the renouncing of satan, with ail his 
works, and the obedience to God's commandment, 1st 
Pet. 4. Where there is a full remission of sin, as in bap- 
lism, there is no more occasion for a sin offering to be 
made for such sins already remitted, and as for sins com- 
mitted afterwards, they can only be remitted in virtue of the 
one oblation of Christ's death. He speaks of the sin of 



[ iio ] 
wilful apostacy, from the known truth, after which, as we 
cannot be baptized again, we cannot expect to have that 
abundant remission of sin9 which Christ purchased by his 
death, applied to our souls in that ample manner as it is in 
baptism, but we have further all manner of reason to look 
for a dreadful judgment, the more, because apostate from 
the known truth seldom or ever, have the grace to return 
to it. Heb. 10; also, 6. "Therefore, leaving the prin- 
ciple of the doctrines of Christ, let us go on unto perfec- 
tion, the word of the beginning, the first rudiments of the 
the christian doctrine." It is impossible for such as have 
aposted from the faith, after having received many great 
graces, to return again to the happy state from which they 
fell. Under the conduct of Moses they received baptism 
in figure, by passing under the cloud and through the sea, 
and they partook of the body and blood of Christ,because it 
was a figure; by eating of the manna, cal ed spiritual food 
here, because it was a figure of the true bread which came 
down from heaven ; and drinking the water miraculously 
bro't out of the rock, called here a spiritual rock, because it 
was also a figure of Christ. 1 Cor. 10. The evangelist, 
that is, the preacher of the gospel, the same who converted 
the Samaritan and baptised the eunuch, being one ofthe 
seven, first deacons. 21st chap, of Acts. 

The young man thought on the subject of marriage, 
and general observations of impiety. Prov 28. Reli- 
gious integrity. The wicked flee when no man pursued), 
but the righteous are as bold as a lion, and remembereth 
he that covered] his sins, shall not prosper ; and this is 
for us to consider the curse of God; but hear St. Paul on 
this subject. Gala. 2 : 17. "But if while we seek to be 
justified by Christ, we ourselves, also, are found sinners. 
Is therefore Christ the minister of sin, God forbid , for if 
1 build again the things which I destroyed, 1 make myself 
a transgressor. St. Math. 7: 12. Now let us, as chris- 
tians, therefore, take the word of God for our counsel and 
keep anti-Christ, always behind us, by our strength 
in Christ the Son of God, which is the only rock of the 
true believer, for we as ministers of God, are commanded 
to bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples. 
Isaiah 8 : 16. Dear christians, here is good news for 
the true believer in Christ while here on earth, notwith- 



standing the anti-Christ has tried with all his wisdom and 
[lowers in order to destroy the faith of the true christian 
and to stop up his path, but the great path and -way of 
christians leads right from hell to heaven. Isa. 16 ; John 
14: 6. Now here is the wisdom of the anti-Christ. St. 
Math. 7: 15. "Because of false prophets which came to 
you in sheep's clothing, but in word they are ravening 
wolves: and again hear St. Paul on this subject. 2nd 
Thess. 2: 1, 8, 12; 2d Pet. 2. Now here read with at- 
tention as for eternity ; though we say this or that, O re- 
member that eternity is home in heaven or in hell. Now 
if all this is right then remember the- words of the wise 
man, to remember thy Creator in the days of thy youth. 
If clouds be full of rain they empty themselves upon the 
earth, and if the tree fall towards the south, or toward the 
north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall lie; 
whatsover the hands findeth to do, do it with all thy might, 
for there is no work or device, or knowledge, or wis- 
dom in the grave, whither thou goest. And now if you 
all think as I think, then I say, let us as ministers of God, 
stop fighting and quarrelling with each other in the stand 
about our religions, for we have no warrant of scripture 
for so doing, but we have a warrant for to preach to our 
people the truth, the whole truth, as it is in Christ ; if so, 
then let us preach expressly upon the subject of convertion 
lor we must get religion or be damned forever. Mark 16: 
16. Then let us all pray as one man, for God to pardon 
all our sins, then we will have peace and union in our land, 
iind then our God will have mercy on us all, and then the 
anti-Christ must give back and stay behind, and then, as 
christians, act wisely and let us walk together through 
time, in peace, and in the end we shall enter into the king- 
dom of our God and live forever. Amen. 

Question. Where did the anti-Christ get his bible r 
Kor he has said it is holy; the only one, he said.that would 
] nsti fy the parting of man and wife. Answer. The sOns of 
men when the light was small in the world, went among weak 
minded people, and then from behind the door of darkness, 
brought out his bible, and it is only warranted of men and 
not of God, and that is the reason there is no light. Then 
snid Timothy, if by his I ible he has right to part man and 
wife, he must be paid for it, and here are the places where 



[ 117 ] 

the Lord has appointed out to all such who love unright- 
eousness and the wages of. them. John 3: 18, 20; Rev. 
20: 12, 14, 15; Now if any man doeth these things his 
name is not written in the book of life. O! the wages of 
unrighteousness with Balaam. 2 Pet. 2: 3. While you 
read these lines, judge for yourselves lest ye fall into eter- 
nal fire. O! come ye sinners while you have time, for 
remember that Judas by trangression fell. Here is so 
much for the heresies of anti-Christ. For I say there is 
no warrant in scripture for parting man and wife, only for 
what Christ said, that is, for fornication. Math. S: 32 ; 
do. 19: 9; Jer. 3: S; Mark 10: 11; Luke 16: 17, 18 
Now read these chapters and hear the conclusion of the 
whole matter, and it ends in this text: 1st Eps. of John, 2: 
22. Here is the great record of "all them who are liars, 
but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ, he is anti- 
Christ that denieth the Father and the Son. 

I remember that God said let there be light and there 
was light, and the devil has tryed with all his craft to put 
the light out, but it burns yet, and the reason the devil 
missed putting out the light, God had chosen the weak 
things of this world to confound the mighty, and that the 
world by wisdom knew not God, and therefore, the things 
of God will stand, although Thomas Payne and Voltaire, 
and the anti-Christ, have done all they knew to kill the 
prophets and destroy the people of God, and burning the 
bible, and after all this^ the secret things still belong unto 
the Lord, and this was the great reason that their wisdom 
fails and they still remain in darkness. Deut. 2: 29. 
And after all their evil works of killing the prophets and 
sawing asunder the people, the work of the Lord went fort!* 
like fire,and the people of God rejoicing and giving glory 
to him, for the gospel day was .nigh at hand, and the anti- 
Christ did tremble for fear,- O rejoice, ye people of God, 
for he that loves God indeed, his soul shall dwell at ease. 
This is the great confidence that the people have in Him, 
that he will deliver them in the time of trouble. Math. 
33 : 27, 29, 33, 34. Now the reward of anti-Christ, for 
they shall not escape that day, for the parting of man and 
wife will then be over with them. Isa. 68: 24. And we 
read how the Lord defended the rights of his church near 
1,926 years before the coming of Christ, by giving power 



[ 118 ] 
unto Mekhisedek. And God is still the same. O, re- 
joice and enter ye in at the strait gate, for it is religion 
that makes the man. Then hear ye the word of the Lord, 
bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples. — 
Hear Jeremiah upon the subject of marriage. God said 
go and proclaim the words toward the north and say, re- 
inrn thou backsliding Israel Again. Turn, O, back- 
sliding children, saith the Lord, for I am married unto 
you, and as young Timothy said, shall the anti-Christ 
takeaway the Lord's bride? He said no! for we are 
commanded to leave the word of God and tirn ye to the 
>irong hold, ye prisoners of hope ; even to-day do I de- 
clare that I v/ ill render double unto thee. O, sinners, 
hear ye the call of your Lord. Isa. 45: 22, 23 ; and this 
is a great call indeed,. for to leave the dark system of 
purgatory, Deut. 22: 22; lest you forever burn ; for here 
is a- great marriage, indeed, and all are called. O, come 
to the great marriage supper of the Lamb. Rev. 19: 7, 
S, 9. 

Dear beloved brethren, we must not neglect this supper, 
but hold out a little longer, until we shall reach the great 
port of our Redeemer, then sorrow and death will be over. 
O! then the anti-Lhrist will be out of our sight, and what 
an awful day it will be with them in the resurrection ! — 
Math. 7: 12. " Many will say to me in that day, Lord, 
Lord, have we not prophesied?" this is to remember the 
great day at the tribunal of God. Math. 25: 41. The 
end of anti-Christ. Rom. 2: 1, 4 5. I hear rumbling, 
said anti-Christ ! Another said, what is the matter anti ? 
I am undone ! Why? I preached the doctrines of pur- 
gatory and my bible has tailed, and I have no warrant of 
scripture for ail my preaching purgatory unto the people ! 

And is this purgatory? Down, down to Ps. 9: 

17 " The wicked shall be turned down to hell, and all 
the nations that forget God." Then anti cries out, O ! 
my people, what a great mistake we have made! Here 
we s go down to get our wages, for there is hard nuts to 
crack ! Is this the wages of the parting of man and wife ! 
For there is no warrant in the scriptures for to do it ! 
This is the great scene of anti-Christ. See Math. 11: 
23; 2 Pet. 2: 4; Jude 1: 6, 7, 8. 

Dear readers, one and all, while you view these lines 



[ 119 ] 

penned by me, your friend and brother in Christ, I say 
unto you all as one that loves you, let, O, let! this sub- 
ject of the parting of man and wife alone, for behold ! the 
wages that is due to them. 

St. Math. 7: 13. I- now bid the world adieu, for the 
great consolation of the christian is sweet to my heart, for 
the Lamb shall lead hie heavenly flock where living foun- 
tains flow, for this crown is incorruptible and undefiled, 
and it connot fade away, for the saints are kept by the 
power of God ; salvation is still drawing nigh ; then let 
us walk by faith, as strangers here, until Christ shall call 
us to his everlasting kingdom. Amen. 

The world's funeral sermon I remember the sentence, 
Gen. 6: 3. "And the Lord said my spirit shall not al- 
ways strive with man." Deut. 7: 3,4; 1 Pet 3: 13; 
and who is he that will harm you. Rev. 9: 0. And in 
those days shall men seek death and shall not find it. 
Gen. 18: 24. Abraham with God. " If there be fifty 
righteous in the city," &c. Ps. 42: 7. "Deep called 
unto deep," &c. Math. 6: 33. " But seek ye first the 
kingdom of God," &c. Joel 3: 16. "The Lord also, 
shall roar out of Zion." Jer. 25: 30. " Therefore proph- 
ecy. Eccle. 3: 2. The excellency of God's work ; a time 
to be born and a time to die. Gal. 4: 4. " Far the 
Jews were for a while under the law, but Christ came to 
redeem and to give both to Jews and Gentiles the adop- 
tion of sons,for when the fullness the of time was come God 
sent forth his son, made of a woman, made under the law 
that was the time to be born, and now we can behold the 
birth day, the day of great joy. Phil. 1: 21. For to me 
to live is Christ, and to die is gain. Heb. 9: 27. And 
as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the 
judgment. Eph. 1: 10, 12. Ezk. 34: 25. And I will 
make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the 
evil beasts to cease out of the land, and they shajl dwell 
safely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods, and this is 
the text. Ps. 85: 10. Mercy and truth are met together, 
righteousness and peace have kissed each other. -Luke 
2: 13. This was a great time indeed ; suddenly there 
was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, prais- 
ing God and singing glory to God in the highest, and 
on earth peace and good will towards men. John I: 14, 



[ 120 ] 
17. The word was flesh and dwelt among us, and of his 
fullness have we all received grace for grace, for the law 
was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus 
'Christ. Rom. 14: 17 For the kingdom of God is not 
meat and drink: but righteousness and peace and joy 
in the holy Ghost, for he that in these things servetli 
Christ, is acceptable and approved of men. Heb. 6: 4. 
Now sinners read these texts ; take reason and justice 
within your hearts and think well for yourselves ; first re- 
member that the great day ofjudgment is nigh, and this 
will we do, if God permit, for it is impossible for those 
who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenlv 
gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost, and 
have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the 
world to come, if they shall fall away, to renew them a- 
gain unto repentance, seeing they crucify to themselves 
the son of God afresh, and put him to an open shame. — 
Isa. 9: 6; John 4 10. And another answer to these texts. 
Ye cannot deny Second Gen. Epistle Peter. See c. 2: 1 9, 
For I say unto you all escape from those who live in er- 
ror, while they promise liberty, they themselves are the 
servants of corruption, for of whom a man is overcome, of 
the same is he brought into bondage, for if after they have 
escaped the pollution of the world through the knowledge 
of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again en- 
tangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with 
them than the beginning. 

Now these few lines I leave with you to consider on 
my ignorance and my dullness of comprehension, and with 
all this I still desire, with a great desire, to learn to be 
the true man of God, that when my approaching end is 
come, that I may be found a wise and true babe in Christ. 
I now call on all the true ministers in Christ. We as 
brothers, preachers of one Christ, to which we are the 
distinguishing characteristics, are universal benevolence 
and unbounded charity, we cannot therefore, but be fond 
of our order and jealous for the great interests of free min- 
isters in Christ, which in the strongest manner, inculcates 
the same charity and benevolence, and which, like that re- 
ligion, encourages every moral and social virtue among 
ministers, to which introduces peace and good will to those 
who otherwise might have remained at a perpetual dist- 



. [ 121 ] 

ance until now, and we might have died and gone down 
to hell. But I thank my God that it is so, that whoever is 
warmed with the spirit of Christianity, must esteem, must 
love a true minister. Such is the nature of our institution 
that, in all our houses, union is connected by sincere at- 
tachment. Hypocrisy and deceit are unknown among us 
—but pleasure is reciprocally communicated by the cheer- 
ful observance of every obliging minister as a office, if 
so the devil cannot get over it, he may pass, and that is 
all that he can do, and that is nothing, for virtue, is the 
grand object in my view — luminous as the sun shines at 
high meridian, the refulgent rays of the mind enlivens the 
heart, converts cool approbation into a warm sympathy 
and cordial affection though every man who carefully lis- 
tens to the dictates of reason, may arrive at a clear'per- 
suasion of the beauty and necessity of virtue both public 
and private, yet is a full recommendation of a minister to 
have these pursuits continually in his view, as the sole ob- 
jects of hi& association, and these are the laudable bonds, 
which unite ministers in one indissoluble society in Christ. 
John 14: 6. Prow 9. The doctrine of wisdom, the 
ways of science are beautiful. Knowledge is attained, 
and by the degrees of wisdom, the love of God dwells in 
the soul, with a contemplation ; there we seek her, though 
the passage be difficult, the farther we proceed the easier 
it will become and if we are united as the true ministers 
of God, We will flourish in time and be crowned in eterni- 
ty ; and if so, let all these things give place to peace, and 
let the true fellowship unite us in the great grand design ; 
let us be happy in ourselves, and endeavor to contribute 
to the happiness of others ; let us promote the useful arts 
of pure religion, as ministers among the people • let us 
cultivate the moral virtues and improve in all that is good 
and amiable; let the genius of religion preside over all 
our conduct, and under its sovereign sway, let us act with 
becoming dignity ; let our recreations be innocent, and 
pursued with moderation ; and never let us, as ministers, 
expose our character to derision ; let us act in every way 
to our standing in conformity to our precept, and support 
•tho great name we have always borne, of being a respect-* 
able, a regular, and a uniform man of the great Archiitct 

J-i 



[ 122 ] 
of the universe, the giver of all good gifts and graces, and 
so be it with me. Amen. 

Ps. 91 : 1. "He that dwelleth in the secret places of 
the Most High." The happy state of the Godly, and 
their safety in the true worship of God. Peace be within thy 
walls aud prosperity within thy palaces. This is the great 
safety cf such as trust in the Lord, they shall be as mount 
Zion,celebrated for her incredible return out of captivity, for 
the sun is risen. O, ye brave sons of Etheopia, waite ye 
for God ; do his own will, for we know that tribulation 
worketh patience, patience experience, and experience 
hope, and that is the great view of the heavenly body, and 
there is where we shall stand in the hope of a great salva- 
tion to come,that is,the great day when both the great and 
the small must quit their dnst and round the dread tribu- 
nal stand to hear their sentence, Come ,to heaven, or 
down to hell. The great call to the sons of Etheopia. 
Gen. 2: 13; Etheopia; Job 28. For the price of wisdom 
is above rubies, the topaz of Etheopia shall not equal it, 
neither shall it be valued with pure gold. Ps. 68: 81. 
Princes shall come out of Egypt, Etheopia shall soon 
stretch out her hand unto God. Ps. 87. Tyre, with 
Etheopia: this man was born there. Isa. 20. The Ethe- 
opia captives. Isa. 55. Thus saith the Lord, the labor 
of Egypt and merchandise of Etheopia; the great word 
of the Lord was, I am the Lord and there is none else ; 
there is no God besides me. Isa. 40. Who hath meas- 
ured the waters. Acts 8. The Lord will be the hope of 
his people. Behold, a man of Etheopia eunuch of 
great authority under Candace, Queen of the Etheopians. 
3er. J3. After all the great wondering, can the Ethio- 
pian change his skin or the Leopard his spot, then may 
ve also do good that are accustomed to do evil now, 
judge for yourselves. Amos 9. Are ye not as children of 
the Etheopians unto me. O, children of Israel, saith the 
Lord, have I not brought up Israel out of the land of 
Egypt. 

Now if God was as- man, what would then become of 
lis, if he would not take our oath in his court of justice, 
we might go down to hell for the want of a friend; but 1 
remember, therefore, the word of the Lord to Solomon, 
a»d that cheers my heart because thy love is great and the 



['1S3 ] 
speech pleased the Lord ; he lias not asked thyself long 
life, neither has asked riches for thyself, nor has asked the 
life of thine enemies, but has asked for thyself understand- 
ing to discern" judgment ; and this is only my prayer that 
1 may so live that God will grant me grace enough, as a 
wise hearted minister, to overcome the devil and his crew, 
always through time, and in a blessed eternity live for ev- 
er. 1 Kings 3. This is good enough for me, for I be- 
.lieve much in the words of the blessed Lord, when I view 
the conduct of Elijah the Etheopian, who was fed by ra- 
vens; the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the mor- 
ning, and bread and flesh in the evening, and he drank of 
the brook. 1 Kings 17; John 6: 47, 50. This is good 
enough for me; "I am that bread of life;" this is. the 
christian's glory ; this is the bread which cometh down 
from heaven that a man may eat thereofand not die. Isa. 
12. Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the 
wells of salvation ; you all may look at this and remem- 
ber me in your prayers, for Christ said, Peace I leave 
with you ; my peace I give unto you; and while my read- 
ers are reading this simple work of mine, O, may the God 
of heaven let light from eternity flash into their hearts and 
set their souls all on fire that they may for ever keep in 
the path of peace and joy unto the end. Ps. 16: 11. 

I was stationed in 183i, at Balti, Md. and it was a 
glorious year to my soul, and on the 25th of Aug. I had 
the honor of holding a camp meeting of the African Meth- 
odist Episcopal Society, held on the lands of Edmund 
Dorsey, Esq.; it commenced on the 25th and closed on 
the 3(Jth, and during its continuance there were about 
thirty persons converted, and the convictions of sin were 
numerous. We were thoughtful under the divine favor of 
heaven, and to the community at large, for the good order 
that prevailed throughout the camp. The text that I try- 
ed to preach from, was in Ezek. 34: 25. And for all this 
good favor, we as ministers onght always to establish the 
usages and customs of truth and virtue; honor and reputa- 
tion are concerned in supporting with dignity, the respect- 
able character of ministers ; and let no motive, therefore, 
make us swerve from our duty, or violate our vows to God, 
or betray our trnst,but be the true and faithful man and im- 
itotp the examnfe of that celebrated artist, tq which our 



[ *24 ] 
friends have conferred, and worthy of the great confidence 
that we have reposed in him. 

I preached my farewell sermon to my dear brethren and 
sisters, in these words "Lord, now -let' thy servant depart 
in peace, according to thy word." Luke 2: 23. For 
we are bound by duty, honor and gratitude, to be faithful 
to our trust and to support the dignity of our character, 
and wilii that regularity of conduct, which will preserve 
us while we as christians, mind the old land-mark and 
with these views, let us be true and faithful, and imitate 
she only true example, Christ. 

Dear friends and brethren read these texts of scripture 
•.vitb a heart-righteousness, and remember me in your pray- 
ers, that I may stand fast in time, and in the end be eternal- 
ly crowned in heaven. 

Explanatory Notes on Genesis, fyc. Chap. I. Ver. I. 
That is, In the beginning of time and things, the three 
Divine Persons, in one Godhead, made of nothing the 
third heaven, or the residence of ihe blessed, and the 
whole matter out of which the air and starry heaven, the 
sea and earth, were afterwards formed. Heb. ix. 3. — 
" Through faith we understand that the worlds were fra- 
med by the word of God, so that things which are seen 
were not made of things which do appear." Ps. cii. 25. 
"Of old thou hast laid the foundation of the earth, and the 
heavens are the work of thy hands." 2 Pet. iii. 5. Jer. 
x. 12 and li. 15. Ex. xxxi. 17, and xx. 11. Ps. xxxiii. 
0, 9. lxxxiis-. 11, 12, cxlvi. 6. and cxvlviii. 1, 6. Isa. xliv. 
24. Zech. xii. 1. Acts xiv. 15. xvii. 24. and iv. 24. Js. 
xlii. 5. Rev. iv. 11. x. 6. and xiv. 7. Rom. i. 19, 20. and 
.\i. 36. The word EIlohim, here rendered God, is plural, 
and denotes the Worshipful Ones, the Divine persons, 
who equally concurred in the creation of all things. 1 
Cor. viii. 0. "The Father of whom are ail things."— 
Mat. xi. 25. " He is Lord of heaven and earlh." Eph. 
iii. 9. " God created all things by Jesus Christ." John 
i. 1, 3. "In the beginning was the Word (tht Son) and 
the Word was with God, and the Word was God — all 
things were made by him ; and without him was not any- 
thing made that was made." Col. i. 16. Prov. viii. 27, 
30. Job xxvi. 13. "By his spirit he garnished the hcav- 



L 1253 J 
ens." Ps.xxxiii. 6. "All their hosts were made by the 
spirit of his mouth." And civ. 30. 

Ver. II. Earth, deep and waters, signify the same min- 
gled mass of earth and water ; 2 Pet. iii. 5. "The earth 
standing out of the water, and in the water.*' — It "as with- 
.outforni', without any agreeable shape, order, or orna- 
ment ; and void ; without either vegetables to furnish it, 
or animals to inhabit it. And not the wind, which was 
not yet formed, as there was no air, but the Holy Ghost, 
in his almighty influence, moved, or sat brooding upon 
this mingled mass to prepare it for the intended separation 
of earth and water, and for the production of vegetables 
and animalsx 

Ver. III. 2 Cor. iv. 6. "God commanded the light 
to shine out of darkness." It, as well as all things else, 
was produced by Christ, who is God's personal word, John 
1, 3, his wisdom and power, 1 Cor. i. 25. — This light is 
some bright shining body, perhaps, somewhat like the pil- 
lar of fire in the wilderness ; and out of it the sun and stars 
appear to have been afterwards formed. 

Ver. IV. God divided the light from the darkness, by 
making them to take different places by turns; the light 
always shining upon the one half of the mingled mass, 
and the darkness covering the other ; in much the*same 
manner as our sun, by turns, illuminate the one half of 
the globe, and leaves the other in darkness. 

Ver. V. The time of the first revolution of the dark- 
ness and of the light were the first day ; for both the light 
and the darkness existed together at the same time, but on 
different parts of the mingled mass. 

Ver. VI. This firmament includes the region of the 
sun, moon and stars, and comets : and the air or atmos^ 
phere which surrounds our earth, and separates between 
the water which is in the clouds, and that which is in the 
seas and rivers. Ps. xxxiii. 6, 9. "By the word of the 
Lord were the heavens made, and all the host of them by 
the hreath of his mouth. He spake, and it was done ; he 
commanded, and it stood fast." Job xxxvii. 18. "He 
spread out the sky which is strong, and as a molten look- 
ing glass." Job. xxvi. 13. Ps. cxxxvi. 5. Jet. x. 12j 
li. 15. Zech. cii. 1. Jer, x. 13. "There is a multitude 
of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours tp 

L* 



[ 126 ] 
ascencMrom the — earth." Job xxvi. 8. u He bindeth up 
the waters in his thick clouds, and the cloud is not rent 
under them." And xxxviii. 22, 26." "Hast thou enter- 
ed into the treasures of the snow, and of the hail, which I 
Have reserved ?— Who hath divided a watercourse for the 
overflowing of waters — to cause it to rain upon the earth ? J1 
Job xxxvii. 11. Eccl. xi. 3. Ps. cxlviii. 4. 

Ver. IX. Job xxxviii. 9, 11. "Who shut up the sea 
with doors — when I made the cloud the garment thereof, 
and thick darkness a swaddling band for it, and brake up 
for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors ; and said, 
Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further f" And xxvi. 
10. " He compassed the sea with bounds." Ps. xxiv. 1 . 
2. " The earth he founded upon the seas, and establish- 
ed it upon the floods." And cxxxvi. G. "He stretched 
out the earth above the waters." Ps. civ. 5 — 9. and 
xxxiii. 7. Pet. iii. 5. Jer. v. 22. Prov. viii. 19. But 
the whole globe of earth and it was hung upon nothing, 
Job. xxvi. 7. The approbation of the second day's work 
was deferred till the separation of the waters was comple- 
ted, and we have it in ver. 10. 

Ver. XI. Ps. civ. 14, 15. He causeth the grass to 
grow for tiie cattle, and herb for the service of man ; that 
he may bring forth food out of the earth — wine — and oil 
—and bread." Job xxviii. 5. In this first production 
the vegetables, the solar heat had no influence, as it was 
not vpt formed ; nor had their been any rain. These 
vegetables have seed in themselves : viz. have a power iit 
their root, branch, leaves, buds, or fruit, to propagate their 
kind;. 

Ver. XIV God now formed more glorious and useful 
*nh'»hii r »ers of the now well-ordered and adorned earth 
haii had been formed on the first day. The sun is in it- 
self a verv extensive body of light ; and the moon, though 
u hath no light in itself, enlightens our earth, by reflecting 
the light of the sun; and both are called great h'ghts;s'mcc 
:iv reason of their nearness, they appear to us much lar- 
ger than any of the stars. These lights not only form the 
day and night, but also form or mark out the seasons of 
mowing, planting, reaping, sailing, travelling, or the like : 
;md are for signs of the weather, and sometimes of remark* 
.»bl/> providences. Ps. cxxxvi. 7 — 9. " God made g^eat. 



L W J 

Fights-** the sun to rule by day, and the moon and stars to 
rale by night." And'lxxiv. 16, 17. "The day is thine, 
the night also is thine : thou hast prepared the light and the 
sun. 'Thou hast made summer and Winter." And civ. 
19,20. "He appointed the moon for seasons ; the sun 
knoweth his going down. Thou makest darkness, and it 
is night." Deut. iv. 19. "The sun, moon, and stars, 
even all the host of heaven- — God hath divided unto all 
nations," for use. Job xxxviii. 12. Ps. viii. 3, 4, ch. 
cxlviii. 3, 5, and cxix. Ml. Jer. xxxi. 35. and xxxiii, 25. 
Mat. xvi. 2, 3. "When it is evening, ye say, It will be 
fair weather for the sky is red. And in the morning, It 
will be foul weather to-day, for the sky is red and lowring." 
Luke xxi. 25, 26. "There shall be signs in the sun and 
in the moon, and in the stars — men's hearts failing them 
for fear, and for looking after those things which are com- 
ing on the earth." Mat. xxiv. 29. Isa. xiii. 10. Ezek. 
xxxii. 7. Joel ii. 10 — 31, and iii. 15. Acts ii. 19, 20. 
Josh. x. 13. 

Ver. 21 — 25. Acts xvii. 25. "He giveth to all life, 
and breath, and all things." Ps- civ. 24, 26. " The 
earth is full of his riches," mines, vegetables, animals. — 
" So is this great sea, wherein are things creeping innu- 
merable, both small and great beasts. There is that le- 
viathan," whales, crocodiles and other sea-monsters. Ps. 
1. 10, 11. "Every beast of the forest is mine, and the 
cattle upon a thousand hills. T know all the fowls of the 
mountains ; and the wild beasts of the field are mine,'" 
hy creation. Job xl. 15. God's blessing gave the ani- 
mals a power to propagate their kinds. Ps. cvii. 38, * ; He 
blesseth them, so that they are multiplied greiftly. Job 
.xiii. 12. Ps. cxliv. 13, 14. 

Ver. 26. The plural is not here used for the singular 
in the manner of some modern kings. There is not in 
scripture one instance of a sovereign's speaking of himself 
only in the plural number, we, us, our. But the plural %s 
here denotes a consultation of the Divine Persons, con- 
cerning the production of that species of creatures which 
was to be the most perfect under heaven, and in which the 
glory of God was to be forever most illustriously manir 
fested in his. work of redemption. — The image of God on 
man includes, 1 . The resemblance of his sout, in re- 



I 128 J 
spect oC spiritual substance, understanding, and will: 2. 
The happiness of his state, and his - honorable dominion 
over the creatures: 3. And chiefly the moral conformity 
of his soul to God, in spiritual knowledge, righteousness 
and holiness. Eccl. xii. 1. "Remember thy Creators," 
Heb. i. e. i cither, Son and Holy Ghost, "in the days of 
thy youth." Job. xxxv. 10. "Where is God my Ma- 
kers ?" Heb. Is. liv. 5. " Thy Makers— the Lord of 
Hosts." 1 John v. 7. Eccl. vii. 29. "God made man 
upright." Col. iii. 10. "Renewed in knowledge after 
the image of him that created him." Eph. iv. 24. "The 
new man after God is created in righteousness and true 
holiness." 2 Cor. iii. 18, with Ex. xv. 11. Gen. v. 1. 
and ix. G. Ps. viii. 4 — 8, "Man, thou hast made a lit- 
tle lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory 
and honor. Thou madest him to have dominion over the 
works of thy hands ; thou hast put all things under his 
feet : all sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of the field, 
the fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea : and whatsoever 
creeping thing passeth through the paths of the sea." — 
Gen. ii. 19,20, andix. 2. Job. v. 23. J< r. xtvii. G. 

Ver. 28. Prov. x. 22. "The blessing of the Lord 
maketh rich," i. e. numerous and happy. Ps. exxviii. 1, 
4. "Blessed is every one that feareth the Lord: thou 
shalt eat the labor of thine hand — thy wife sha'l be as a 
fruitful vine — " thy children like olive-plants round about 
thy table," many, healthful, comely l and prosperous. I 
Chron. xxvi. 4, 8. Obed-edom had a large and a happy 
tamih/, for God blessed him. And iv. 10. Job. xlii. 12. 
Ps. cvii. SB. Gen. 1. 22. and viii. 17. 

Grounds of David's forbearance towards Shimei — -2 
Sam. xvi. 11, 12. The Rewards of the conquering Chris- 
tian — Rev. ii. 17. The Israelites returning from Baby- 
lon — Jer. 1,4, 5. The redeemed sinner joining himself 
in a Covenant with God — Jer. 1. 5. The Way to Zion. 
— Isa. xxxv. 8, 9, 10. The Heavenly Zion — Isa. xxxv. 
10. The Patience of God — Rom ii. 4. The Repen- 
tance of Judas — Mat. xxvii. 3, 4, S. The Repentance of 
Peter. — Luke xxii. 60, 61, 62. The Confession of Pha- 
raoh— Ex'od. ix. 27, 28. The Scape-Goat a Type of 
Christ — Lev. xvi. 21, 22. The Burial of Christ — John 
xix. 41, 42. Exhortation and Promises of God to the af- 



[ 129 ] 
■dieted — Isa. xliii. 1, 2, 3. Advantages of a frequent Re- 
trospect of Life — Deut. via. 2. Fear of Peter when walk- 
ing on the Sea — Mat. xiv. 30,31. The Christian wait- 
ing for his Dcliveror — 1 Thess. i. 10. Praver of Da- 
vid for Self-knowledge— Ps. exxxix. 23. 24. "The Wed- 
ding Garment- -Mat. xxii. 11,1,2, 13. The Christian 
reigning in Life — Rom. v. 17. 



THE COVENANT OF TWO FRIENDS. 

Beloved friends and brethren in Christ, we have now 
come together to make a covenant with God ; and O, 
that you both may remember it until death, for the wise 
man said, that in the multitude of counsel there is. safety, 
and together we stand, but if divided we are sure to fall. 
But justice is that great standard of righteousness which 
will enable us to comply with all that is good, and will 
support us all in the civil society of men in time, and in 
the end crpwn us eternally in the kingdom of our God. 

The time, appointed for the great covenant cf matrimo- 
ny having arrived, the minister saying unto them : 

Dearly beloved, we are now met here in the sight of 
God, and in the presence of these witnesses, to join to- 
gether this man and this woman in holy matrimony, which 
is an honorable estate instituted by God in the time of 
man's innocence, signifying unto us the mystical union 
that is between Christ and his church, which holy estate 
Christ adorned and beautified with his presence and first 
miracle that he wrought in Cana of Galilee, and is com- 
mended by St. Paul, to be honorable among all men, and 
therefore, is not by any, to be -despised or taken in hand 
unadvisedly, but reverently, discreetly, advisedly, and in 
the fear of God, into which holy estate these two persons 
present, come now to be joined together in matrimony, 
therefore, if any of you can show any just cause why they 
may not lawfully be joined together in matrimony, lei 
him or her, now speak, or else hereafter forever hold his 
peace. 



£ 180 3 

The minister speaking to the persons that are to bt* 
married. 

1 now require and charge you both, as you will answer 
at the dreadful day of judgment, when the secrets of all 
hearts shall be disclosed, that if either of you know any 
impediment why you may not be lawfully joined together 
in matrimony, you do now confess it, for be ^e well assur- 
r<l, that so many as are coupled together, otherwise than 
find's word doth allow, and they are not joined together 
by the word of God, neither is their matrimony lawful. 

Then if there is no impediment, the minister says unto 
the man : 

Mr. wilt thou have this woman to be thy wedded 

wife — to live together after God's ordinance in the holy 
estate of matrimony ? Wilt thou love her,comfort her,hon- 
or her, and keep her in sickness and in health, and for- 
saking all others and keep thee only unto her so long as 
\e both shall live? The man shalt answer " I will." 

The minister then says unto the woman : 

M. wilt thou have this man to be thy wedded 

husband — tolive together after God's ordinance, in the ho- 
ly estate of matrimony? Wilt thou obey him, serve him,hon- 
<>r him, love him and keep him, in sickness and in health, and 
forsaking all others, keep thee only unto hirw f so long as 
ye both shall live. The woman shall answer "I will." 

Now the man with his right hand, takes the woman by 

her right hand, and they say after the minister Mr. 

will you take M. to be thy wedded wife, to have, to hold, 
from this day forward, for better, for worse, for riches, for 
poorness, in sickness and in health, to love her, and to 
cherish her until death doth part us, according to God's 
holy ordinance ; and here unto the answer 1 plight thee 
my faith ? 

The minister then says unto the woman : 

M. will you take Mr. to be thy wedded 

husband, to have and to hold from this day forward, for 
better, for worse, for riches, for poorness, in sickness and 
in health, to love him, to cherish him, and to obey him, 
until death doth separate you, according to God's holy 
ordinance; and hereunto this answer, I give thee my 
faith. 

Math. 19: G. "What therefore God hath joined to- 



C 131-] 
gether let not man put asunder, and forasmuch as Mr. 
- and M. have consented together in holy wed- 
lock, and have witnessed the same before God and this 
company, and hereto have pledged their faith unto each 
other, and declared the same by joining their hands, I 
pronounce that they are man and wife, together in the 
name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. 
The Prayer.*— O thou eternal God, the great Creator, 
the maker cfheaven and earth, we are now assembled to- 
gether in thy great name; O, wilt thou answer. our pray- 
ers, thou most holy and glorious Lord God ; the great 
builder of the universe, the great giver of all good gifts and 
graces, thou hast promised that where two or three are 
gathered together in thy name, thou wilt be in the midst 
of them and that to bless. Now, Lord, we are assembled, 
and now we most humbly beseech thee to bless us in all 
our undertakings, that we may know thee in truth and 
serve thee aright, and that all our actions ma}' tend to 
thy glory and to our advancement in knowledge and vir- 
tue, for we beseech thee, O Lord-God, to'bless this our 
present assembling, for thou art the great preserver of all 
mankind ; and now, Father of mercy, we pray thee to 
bless these, thy servants, this man and this woman, whom 
we bless in thy name ; O may they, as Isaac and Rebecca, 
live faithfully together, so that they may surely keep the 
vow and covenant between them made, and ever remain 
iu perfect love and in peace together, according to thy 
holy laws, and may they ever remember the obligation 
they have taken toward each other. Now, O Lord, we 
acknowledge thy power, thy wisdom and thy goodness 
unto us, and now we implore thy blessing ; for this great 
end, we pray thee ; gracious God, to eudue thy servants 
with a competence of thy most holy Spirit, that they may 
be enabled to walk in the light of thy countenance, and 
when the trials of our probationary state are over, be ad- 
mitted into the great temple not made with hands, but 
eternal in the heavens. Amen. 

I now wind up my simple address in these words. I 
counsel you all to love the Lord thy God with all thy 
heart, by standing on the rock Christ Jesus. 

And now to the ladies and gentlemen o;f distinguished 
Jalents. You all will please to excuse all the imperfect 



[ 132 ] 
lions in this work, and take the will for the deed, for ray 
object is, only to try to save souls, by pointing them to the 
blood of Christ ; and I say, behold the way to God, how 
pleasant it is ! Ps. 133. For [ have some things in my 
view, and that is the great day of eternity, and we as the 
ministers of God, ought to view it with the greatest care 
in time, while we a're preaching his everlasting word to 
the people. I am so inadequate to give counsel to the 
public, but my soul is at stake, and if 1 be a watchman in- 
deed, when I see the sword of the Lord coming upon the 
people, 1 will, indeed, blow the trumpet, to warn you all 
as a faithful man of God. Ezek. 33: 1, 5, 7, 8. Then 
come and take the counsel of a friend and a brother, in- 
deed. And now to all the churches and friends in Christ. 
O remember that great sentence passed by Christ himself; 
none but the pure in heart shall see God in the kingdom. 
You must remember there is six steps to the throne; if so, 
here is my heart and hand in friendship. To all the pious 
ministers of the gospel. O remember that ministers and 
hearers must stand before God in the great day at his tri- 
bunal, therefore, let us act wisely and preach the word in 
its purity, without distinction, for justice is the true stand- 
ard and boundary of righteousness which will enable us to 
render to every man his just clue in time, for tin's kind of 
virtue will also enable us to comply with all that is good, 
and will support us in time, with union and brotherly love, 
and if so, we stand together, but if divided we are sure to 
tall and great will be the fall, but in the multitude of coun- 
sel there is safety. And now my dear readers, when you 
view these lines which have been penned by me, remember 
me in y6ur prayers, that we all may fight the good fight of 
faith, and in the end we may reach that region where ever- 
lasting pleasures flow, throughout the wide arches of 
heaven, where all the royal companions are stationed for- 
ever. 

Beloved reader, farewell; please to excuse the length, 
of this scrawl : matters have flowed in - a pace and you see 
how my pen has run on. And if my continually coming 
does not weary thee, in a tew days you may look out 
again : till then peace and truth be with thee. So pray 
and sing these hymns with grace in your hearts, for we 
are informed that this is the highest note in heaven. 



I 133 ] 

A WEDDING HYMN. 

1. SinceJesus freely did appear 

To grace a marriage feast : 
T) Lord, we ask thy presence here 
To make a wedding guest. 

2. With gifts of grace their hearts endue, 

Who now have plighted their hands : 
On every soul assembled here, 
O make thy face to shine. 

3. As Isaac and Rebecca give 

A pattern chaste and kind : 
So may this married couple live, 
And die in faith divine. 

HYMN 1. Long Metre. 

J . Say which of you would see the Lord ? 
You all may now obtain his grace. 
Behold him in the written word ! 

Where John unveils the Saviour's face 

l 2. Clear as the trumpet's voice he speaks 
To every soul that turns his ear ; 
Amidst the golden candlesticks 
. He walks, and lo ! now he is here. 

S. Present to all believing souls 

They see him with an eagle eve ; 
Down to. his feet a garment rolls, 
Stained with a glorious crimson die.. 

4. A golden girdle binds his breast, 

Wher'er streams of consolation flow, 
Milk for his new born babes, who rest 
In him, nor other's comforts know. 

5. His form is as the son of man : 

His eyes are as a flame of fire ; 
They dart a sin co»tuming pain, 
And life and joy divine inspire*' 

M 



L 



13* 



8. His spotless purity of soul, 

We by a lovely emblem know. 
His head and hair are white as wool : 
White are they as the dropping snow. 

7. Glitter his feet, like polished brass 

That long hath in the furnace shown : 
Brighter than lightning is his face : 
Brighter than the meridian sun. 

8. As many waters, sounds his word : 

Seven stars he holds in his right hand : 
Out of his mouth a two-edged sword 
Goes forth before it : who can stand! 

9. Lord, at thy feet we fall as dead : 

Lay thy right hand upon our souls, 
Scatter our fears : thy spirit shed, 
And all our unbelief control. 

10. Tell us, "I am the first and last: 

Who liveth and died for all. Am 1 1 
And lo ! my better death is past; 
And lo ! I live : no more to die. 

3 ] . I have the keys of death and hell. 
Amen." Thy record we receive. 
And wait till thou our spirits seal, 
And all in all forever live. 

HYMN 2. Common Metiv. 

1 Let every mortal e're attend, 
And every heart rejoice. 
The trumpet x>f the gospel sound. 
With an inviting voice. 

2. Ho, all ye hungry, starving souls 
That feed upon the wind, 
And vainly strive with earthly toys 
To fill an empty mind. 

3. Eternal wisdom has prepared 
A soul reviving feast, 
And bids your longing appetite 
The rich provision taste. 



[ 135 ] 

4. Ho ye, that pant for living streams, 
And pine away and die, 
Here you may quench your raging thirst, 
With springs that never dry. 

.7. Rivers of love and mercy here, 
In a rich ocean join. 
Salvation in abundance flows 
Like floods of milk and wine. 

6. Come naked, and adorn your soul 

In robes prepared by God, 
Wrought by the labors of his son, 
And died in his own blood. 

7. The happy gates of gospel grace 

Stand open night and day. 
Lord, we have come to seek supply 
And drive our wants away. 

HYMN 4. Short Metre. 

1 . See what a living stone 

The builders did refuse, 
Yet God hath built his church thereon 
In spite of envious Jews. 

2. The Scribes and angry Priests 

Reject thine only son, 
Yet on this rock shall Zion rest, 
As the chief corner stone. 

-}. The work, O Lord, is thine, 
And wonders in our eyes, 
This day declares it all divine : 
This day did Jesus rise. 

4. This is the glorious day 

That our Redeemer made, 
"Let us rejoice and sing and pray : 
Let all the church be glad. 

5. Hosannah to the King 

Of David's royal blood ; 
Bless him, ye saints, he comes to bring 
Salvation from your God. 



C 136 3 

6. We bless thy holy word. 

Which all his grace displays, 
And offer on thine altar, Lord, 
Our sacrifice of praise. 

HYMN C. Long Metre. 

i Life is the time to serve the Lord : 

The time to insure the great reward : 
And while the lamp holds out to burn. 
The vilest sinner may return* 

2.. Life is the hour that God has given, 

To escape from hell and fly to heaven : 
The day of grace, and mortals may 
Secure the blessings of the day. 

• >. The living know that they must die : 
But all the dead forgotten lie ; 
Their memory and their sense is gone, 
Alike unknowing and unknown. 

4. Their hatred and their love is lost : 
Their envy buried in the dust : 
They have no share in all that's done 
Beneath the circuit of the sun. 

iu Then what my thoughts design to do, 
My hands with all your might pursue : 
Since no device, nor work is found, 

Nor faith, nor hope, beneath the ground : 

(5. There is no acts of pardon past 

In the cold grave to which we haste : 
But darkness, death and long despair 
Reign, in eternal silence there. 

HYMN 7. 

i . Day of judgment — day of wonder. 
Hark ! the trumpet's awful sound, 
Louder than a thousand thunders, 
Shakes the vast creation round, 
How the Summons ! 
Will the sinners heart confound ! 



L 13 7 J 

2. See the Judge, our nature wearing 
Cloth'd in majesty divine. 
Ye who long for his appearing; 
Then shall I say this God is mine: 
Gracious Saviour 
Own me in that day for thine. : 

3. At his call the dead awaken : 
Arise 'to life from earth and sea, 
All the powers of nature shaken. 

By his look prepare to fly : 

Careless sinners 

What will then become of thee ! 

4. Horrors past imagination, 

Will surprise your trembling heart 
When you hear your condemnation, 

"Hence accursed wretch, depart! 

Thou with Satan 

And his angels has thy part ! 

.5. But to those who have confessed, 
Loved and served the Lord helow, 
He will say come, come near ye blessed, 

See the kingdom I bestow, 

You forever 

Shall my love and glory know. 

6. Under sorrows and reproaches, 

May this thought our courage raise. 
Swiftly God's great day approaches ; 

Sighing shall then be changed to praise, 

May we triumph 

When the world is in a blaze! 

HYMN 8. Long Metre. 

1 How great, how terrible that God, 

Who shakes creation with his rod — 
He frowns — earth, sea — all nature's frame, 
Sinks in one universal flame. 

2. Where now, O ! whence shall sinnerfr seek 
For shelter in the general wreck ! 
M* 



L 13 » J 

Shall falling rocks be o'er them thrown? 
See rocks like snow, dissolving down. 

Methinks the last great day is come : 
Methinks I hear the trumpet sound, 

That shakes the earth — rends every tomb, 
And wakes the prisoners under ground. 

Lord, when these awful leaves unfold, 

May life's fair book, my soul approve : 
There may I read my name enrold, 
And triumph in redeeming love. 

Jesus, the helpless creature's friend, 
To thee my all, I dare commend, 

Thou can'st preserve my feeble soul, 

When lightnings blaze from pole to pole. 

HYMN 9. Common Metre. 

Let Zion's watchmen all awake 
And take the alarm they give : 
Now let them from the mouth of God, 
The awful charge receive. 

'Tis not a cause of small import, 

The pastor's care demands, 
But what might fill an angel's heart : 

And fill a Saviour's hand. 

They watch for souls for which the LoiM 

Did heavenly bless'd forego : 
For souls which must forever live 

In raptures or in wo ! 

All to the great tribunal haste, 

Their account to render there, 
And should'st thou strictly mark our faults. 
Lord, where should we appear! 

May they that Jesus, whom they preach. 

Their own Redeemer see, 
And watch thou daily o'er their souls. 
That they may watch for thee. 



HTMN 10. Common Metre,- 

1 . Lo ! what a glorious sight appears 

To our believing eyes ! 
The earth and see are passed away, 
And the old rolling skies. 

2. From the third heavens where God resides^. 

That holy and happy place, 

The New Jerusalem comes down, 

Adorned with shining grace. 

3. Attending angels shout for joy, 

And the bright armies sing, 
" Mortals, behold ! the sacred seat 
Of your descending King." 

4. My shepard is the living Lord, 

Now shall my wants be well supplied, 
His providence and holy word 
Becomes my safety and my guide. 

5. In pastures where salvation grow, 

He makes me food — he makes me rest — 
There living waters gently flow, 

And all the food divinely blessed. 
G. My wandering feet his ways mistake, 

But he restores my soul to peace, 
And leads me for his mercy's sake, 

In the fair path of righteousness. 
7. Though I walk through the gloomy vale. 

Where death and all its terrors are, 
My heart and hope shall never fail : 

For God, my Shepard, 's with me there. 

S. His own soft hand shall wipe the tear 
From every weeping eye, 
And pains and groans, and grief and fear, 
And death itself shall die. 

9. How long, dear Saviour, O ! how loner ' 
Shall this bright hour delay ? 
Fly swift around ye wheels of time, 
And bring the welcome day. 

HYMN 11. Common Metre. 

1 . My Shepard will supply my needs : 
Jehovah is his name ! 



In pastures fresh, he makes me feed 
Beside the living streams. 

i. He brings my wandering spirit back, 
When I forsake his ways, 
And leads me for his mercy's sake 
In paths of truth and grace. 

:}. When I walk through the shades of death, 
Thy presence is my stay. 
A word of thy supporting breath 
Drives all my fears away. 

4. Thy hand, in sight of all my foes 
Doth still my table spread ; 
My cup with blessings overflow 
Thine oil-annointing head. 

0. The sure provision of my God 

Attends me all my days ; 
O, may thy house be mine abode, 
And all my works be praise. 

rt. To each the covenant blood apply 
Which takes our sin away, 
And registers our names on high, 
And keep us to that day. 

There would I find a settled rest, 

While others go and come ; 
No more a stranger nor a guest: 
But like a child at home. 

HYMN 12. Of the Christian's Barbarity. 

1 . Was stolen and sold from Africa, 

Imported to America : 

Like the brute beasts at market sold. 

To stand the heat and bear the cold. 

When will Jehovah hear our cries ! 

And free the sons of Africa. 

%.. They bear the lash — endure the pain — 

Forced through frost, hail, snow and rain, 
And often-night sleep on the ground, 
jVJo freedom till, the grave is founds 



[ «t ] 

We pray Jehovah will hear our cries, 
And relieve the sons of Africa. 

'3. Working all day and half the night, 
And up before the morning light; 
Exposed to hardships, heat and cold, 
And if they beg they meet with scold. 
We pray Jehovah to plead our cause, 

* And put in force his righteous laws. 

4. Their skins are dark, their hair is short : 

Shall dying men make them trade and sport 

In sorrow draging iron chains ; 

Depriv'd of all the rights of men. 

O, great Redeemer, view their wrong, 
And grant them aid e'er it be long. 

5. But He that rides upon the storms, 

Whose voice in thunder rolls along : 
In his own time will make a way 
To relieve the oppressed of Africa. 

O, Prince of Glory be their friend ! 

And keep them faithful to the end. 

HYMN. Long Metre. 



o 



1. Thy name, Almighty Lord, 

Shall sound through distant lands ; 
Great is thy grace, and sure is thy word 
Thy truth forever stands. 

2'. Far be thine honor spread, 

And long thy praise endure, 
Till morning light and evening shade, 
Shall be exchanged no more. 

HYMN 13. Common Metre. 

I. La! wisdom stands with smiling face, 
And conrts us to her arms : ( 
Who can resist the wondrous grace, 
And slisdit her powerful charms! 



1. 



^ [ 142 ] 

She, gen'rous, holds out to our sight 

Riches which shall endure: 
Not sparkling rubies half so bright : 

\or finest gold so pure. ' 

Eternal pleasures fill her train : 

Pleasures that never decay. 
Come drink of bliss unmixed with pain, 

And haste celestial joy. 

immortal crowns she now displays, 

And thrones beyond the skies ; 
Accept her blessing while she stays, 

And seize the glorious prize. 

HYMN 14. 

Hear what the voice from heaven proclaims 

For all the pious dead ; 
Sweet is the Saviour of their names, 
And soft their sleeping bed. 

They die in Jesus and are bless'd; 

How kind their slumbers are, 
From sufferings and from sin released, 

And freed from every snare. 

Far from this world of toil and strife. 

They're present with the Lord ; 
The labors of their mortal life 
End in a large reward. 

HYMN 15. 

These glorious souls, how bright they shine ! 

Whence all. their white array ! 
How come they to the happy seats 
Of everlasting day ! 

From torturing pains to endless joys, 

On fiery chariots they ride, 
And strangely wash'd their raiment white 
In Jesus' dying blood. 



[ 1*3 ] 

3. Now they approach their-Lord, 

And bow before his throne, 
Their warbling harps and-sacred songs 
Adore the Hoiy One. 

4. The unveiled glories of his face,- 

Among his saints reside, 
While the rich treasures of his grace, 
Sees all their wants supplied. 

p. Tormenting thirst shall leave their souls 
And hanger flee as fast ; 
The fruit of life's immortal tree, 
Shall be their sweet repast. 

HYMN 16. 

1 . Death may dissolve my body now, 

And bear my spirit home ; 
Why dp my minutes move so slow ? 
Nor my salvation come. 

2. With heaveuly weapons I have fought 
• The battles of the Lord ; 

Finish' d my course and kept the faith 
And wait the sure reward. 

2. God has laid up in heaven for me, 
A crown which cannot fade ; 
The righteous Judge at that great day, 
Shal^ place it on my head. 

4. Nor hath the King of grace decreed, 
This, prize for me «lone ;- 
But all thai love and long to see, 
The appearance of his Son. 

a. Jesus the Lord shall guard me safe 
From every ill design, 
, And to his heavenly kingdom take 
This feeble soul of mine. 

P. God is way everlasting aid 

And hell shall rage in vain ; 
To Him be highest glory paid, 
r And ewdless praise. Amen. 



[ 144 ] 

THE ARK. 

Dear brothers and sisters, we love one another, ^ 

And have done, for years that have gote ; 

How often we've met him in sweet heavenly union, 

Who opens the way to God's throne ; 

With joy and thanksgiving we'll praise him thatlov'd us, 

■While we run the bright shining way ; 

■Though we part here in body, we're bound for one glory, 

■And boiind.for each other to pray. 

"There Joshua and Joseph, Elias and Moses, 

Who pray'd and God heard from his throne. 

•There was Abram, and Isaac, and Jacob, and David, 

And Solomon, Stephen and John. 

There was Simeon and Anna — I don't know how many, 

Who pray'd as they journey'd along ;*- 

-Some cast among lions — some bound with rough irons ; 

Yet praises and glory they sung. 

Some tell us that praying, and also that praising, 

"Isiabdr that's all spent in vain : 

-But we have such witness, that God hears with sweetness; 

From praying we will hot refrain. • 

There was old father Noah and ten thousand more, 

Who witness'd that God heard them pray ; 

.There was Samuel and Hannah, Paul, Silas and Peter, 

-And Daniel and Jonah, we'll say, 

/That God by his Spirit, and angel did visit 
Their souls while in this happy frame. 

' Shall we all go a fainting, while they wen* appraising, 

»-And glorified Gotl in a flame ! 

^God grant us inherit the same, praying spirit, . . 

hWhile we shall tfe to'Uhig below, € [nig; 

k-That^vhen we've done praying, we shall not cease prais- 

. But arountt God's throne we shall bow. 

[And now pious friends, when you read these lines which 
have been penned by me, think of me in solemn prayer^ 
let me be on land or sea, I intend to stand for liberty, fby. 
Christ has set me free.} 

For this love let rocks and mountains ; 
Purling streams and crystal fountains : _ 
Roaring thunders, lightning blaies, ;* 
Shout the greajt Messiah's praises. Ajhefc. «