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Full text of "Sbornik statisticheskikh sviedienii po Moskovskoi gubernii [microform] : Otdiel khoziaistvennoi statistiki"

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MM KpaxnaibnuMi caxapoMii). BTU cBottcxDO KpaxMajia 
oxBpuTO B-b Ba^iiMli HbiBtiuflanj cTuatTitf, uu BpeHa aojiiaro ro- 

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flpociaBCRott M flpymx-b ryOepuinx'b. nsBtCTHbiX'b CBOHMH 
npflHHHHbiMii 8^Be;{efliaMH. 
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pacTHTejbHbie RjeH KpaxMaA^naa KaMfi(>b (AeRCTpHui). ECJIH RHna- 
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vpaxvaAHaro igioiiBOxcTBa, HU nievxe Bcero 
ions, xanuTb Gpttunrb onpeiiuiiTfc ry 
lOTOpai Hft^HaqaeTcii na aacypiy cupba 
MexKaro ciiflHHaro KapTO^eiii, Hjiyn^aro 
a npH5ji^i|Te<ii>Hafl oatHxa ero npn- 
OTHOClrrejibHoe 3Ha*i6Hie. HToGu H36'brHyTb 
OJOVHM'b caaqaja, qTO 3aBOx^ nepepa6a- 
obipbe, noJty^eHHoe BI> xoaaitcTB'b e^a^'b Jbua, H 
onja<iHBaeTC8 1 qeTsepTb 
eTOA'b qHCTaro oniaHHBa 
B-b ctJbCKOxoaaficTBeHflofi BKOHOMIH Becbxa 
ift no o^mnpHOCTit npHM^Heeifl ero opn paaptmeHiri 
BonpocoDi* opraBSaaiuH xoaaiicTBa. OHI> cocTonrb BI> TOMI*, qro 
AaHHOBTb cjyHalb, aaBo^a BI> ^aGpHKax'b H OT6poc;b 
pacxoAM Bii TpyA^ nxanHTaJi^ (HCKJiiOHaa cbipott npb- 
B paBHOCTbK) oi^'bBHBaeTca Becb nepepa6oTbiBaeMbift cbipofl 



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omH5iy irb ^^ropoay yMeHbmeHSa AOZOAHOCTK npo* 



I Mbi noiy<iRjiH, qxo npn ^tH'b Rpaxicaja BI> 1 p. 30 R. aa 
paproAejb oaja<iHBaexcfl orb 1 p. 93 R. AO 2 p. H Aawe AO"^ p 
l^ l7 K. aa qcTBepxb. I^^ay axy ci^Ayerb CHHxaxb BecbMa xopomefi, 
oco6eBBoeTH ecjH MU BcnoMHmrb, TTO Ba aaBOAbi nocxynaerb kap* 

,ajieKO Be ox6opBuft. , 

\ 

Bik BpOHBHUROMi* ylbaA'b, rA'b RpaxMajibBO*naxoRHutt npoiiiiLceji 
cj xoaflttcxBOM'b Be xaRi* rbCBO, RaRi> wi KIBBCROMII, aaBOA^HRQ 
Ha cxopoH'b aHannxejibBOe RoiR4ecxBo Ra^o^ejiJi, niaxfl aa 
Hero orb 20 ROD. AO 25(Ran. aa Mipy RJR orb 1 py6. 60 Ron. AO 2 p. 
C^Rxafl Bi cpeAHeMi) 1 p. 80 R.., ORaxexca, ^xo OHH noxy<iaiox'b 
6apuma orb 13 AO 20 R. Ba RanrAyK) nexBepxb nepepa6oxbi- 
BaeMaro Rapxo^ejifl xaRi* HXO BI> cpeABCMit aaBo^ 
Vh 6-xH BeA'^JbBuft nepioAi) 675 MexBepxefi Rapxo<ejifl, HB xojibRO 
lis^ onjaxRXb npoRaBOACXBOMii xpyAi* padoHRxi* HJieBOBi> CBoett ceMbR, 
HO noJiyqRrb eme orb 88 AO 135 py6jiie& npeAnpHBHMaxeJibCRofi npR5ujiii. 
IIpOHaBOACXBO, noaxoMy, cj-^Ayerb oxeecxR RI> BeeiMa BbiroABUMi), BO, 
Ki Bec^iacxiK), OBO MaJOAOCxyneo p^^a. RpecxbHBCRott Maccu. ^MLVI :^>4Vt <. -^^j 
Gupbe, HeodxoARBfoe A-IK npORaBOACXBa,RpaxMajibBO aaBOA^HKR ito- 

oxqacxH Rai* co5cxBeHHaro xoaaficxBa, oxnacxR aaRyaaiorb 
. HTo6u AAXb nouflxie, RaRoe ROJiRHecxBO cuparo Maxepiaia 

co6cxBeHHUirb xoaaficxBOMi aaBOA^RRa, npRoeAeM^ 
(nrvm Ta6jiRi;y, cocxaBjeHByio BaMH A^A *iexbi|>ex'b aeAl 




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Ta6iHaa noRaauBaerb, HTO orb 22 AO 100 '/^ 
Rcero RoiH46CTBa Cbipbfl, Heo(5xoxiiMaro XJii Herbipezi* HeAlm>Haro nepio- 
npoRaBOAaMH, AOCxautfeTCi zo9fitcTBOirb kjaLAl^JibaA npOMUoueHHaro 
ia. Ecjir HCUiDvrrb A* B'MoMpyxy HerpoBCRoe, ROJiHqecTBO 
aeii4 M ROTOpurb Havk tpi^TTTir, TO oRsxeTCi, <ITO 
Ha 43 TepoKuz% taBdxevijgL'b, HCipH>iiifcitMitmi'fc xo 17.400 
f el RapToeju, coflffitaittt 



8 
TO O,98 H. HXH 63*/^ Bcero Tpe5yeMaro cupba; ocTajbHue 6 

HJH xc, Bib 

coK})aDa(aei^c ^pip^ if^^ 

^ .^^ B-b BpoHH>i^KOlf'x yt9jiJb Heptj^Ko KOJiHHecTBo novynaeiiaro 
npeBbiinaerb 50V, a npH 6Qjte A^II^UOXI* nepioA'b npoaaBOACTBa, 
opBMlbp'b npn 6 ^E imi 8-MH BCA'bJibHpM'b, DOHTI^ Bce OHO 
<ierb noxynBaro cbipbfl. CnpaniiaBaeTCfl, HTO BbiroABlie: 
Cbipbe Bi* co^CTBenBONi* xpafliicTB'b, BJH qoRynaTb ero BH 

nyTb AJifl piracBia axoro Bonpoca cocTonrb 
3aBOAH, KOTopaa AOJiacua 5biTb noABeprayTa 

C'b AOYOABOCTbK) DpHMO npOAHIRBblXl paCTCBlft H CKOTOBOACTBa 

MltcTBOCTn. ToHBlbe, ^^p'bnieHie Bonpoca o6'b 
ecTb qncjioBaa aaAana, BI Botopott xpedyexca onpeAl^jiHTb BCABHUHy BI \- 
AaHHoft M-bcTHOCTH peBTbi, AOCTRBjifleMoft C'b 1 AecaTHEbi nojeBoft aeAiJiH,: 
IJ npaMO npoAaacHbiBin pacTeBinMH, 2) CROTOBOACTBGMI, 3) aaBOAOMi>. ^ . 
^ Hail xpexi) oxpacjieft npenMyn^ecTBO BbiOopa naxoAUTca na cTOpo- 

Hl). Aaiou^eit 6ojibinyK) penTy> ') ECJH oRaxeTca, HTO ACcaTHBa 3eMJiH, 

tiJin xpaoy A^ia CROTa, AAcrb 5oJibiniit AOxoA'b, MlbMi* 
RapTO4>ejieBi'b, TO caMO co6ofi HOHHTHO, HTO DpOMbicc;ii> uoHcerb cyu;e- 

CTBOBaXb TOJbRO Blk RaMeCTBi) CBMOCTOaTeJIbBarO npOH3BOACTBa, 

He coaaaBBaro C'b xoanticTBOM'b, H Baodojx)!^), ecjiR aaBOA'b 
KapTOeib HacTOJbHo BUFOABO, HTO AecHTHna noA'b nnirb A^erb 6ojib- 
TO BCli ycnjiia AOJiHcubi 6biTb Banpasjieubi ua TO, 
Kain> MOWHO 6ojibinee ROJEHHCCTBO Cbipba Bi 
HTo6bi pl^ioBTb nocTaBjeBUbiit BHMH Bonpoc'b, nocMOTpHM'b 
OTHOineaie cyii;ecTByerb MeacAy peuTaMH^ AOCTaBJineMbiMH 
, nojeeoACTBOM'b H CROTOBOACTBOXI* BT* MOCK. ry6. 



Ha;iepH{RH BI TpyA'b H KaoHTaji-b Ba 

cKomoeodtmaa: HucTOMy onAanueawio CROTOHI> eAHBHqu Ropua, noMBO> 

na cpeABift ypovaM nocji'bABaro ci> 1 AecaTHBbi, MHsyc'b 
pacxoAbi B'b TpyA^ H Ramrraji^ Ba BoaA'l^JbiBauie Ropiia Ba 1 
PeBTa npHBOCUMaa saeodaMtt paBHa nncTOHy onAaHueanito aaBOAOMi) 

cbipai^o npoAyRTa nojiefi, noMBoaceHaoMy Ba cpeAHitt yponaft Toro 
npoAyRTa C'b 1 A^caTEHbi, MHByci> BC'b pacxoAbi B'b TpyAl^ H Rann- 
Ba OABy Ae<^aTHBy no BoaA^JiuBaBiio iiepepa6oTbiBaeMaro npOAyR- 
*) npHMtBaa BTO RT> HayMaeiiOMy npOMbicjry, Boai>xeirb BC'b AaBBbia, 
BbiHBC.ieBia, Bai> nacTBO-BiaA^ibq^RHXi* xoaattcTB>, 
no BpaiioiRBOCTH BI> Ttz'b MQ MlbcTBOCTax'b, 

I10H9TIIO, 



eeibCKozoailcTMiBofl xoBoirii en. B78. 87l). 

MA ^1 IJ .lrV:W? Il-VfT 

> ibid crp. 7. - ,^- ^ 



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noiaaan 
ropaaxo Bume, <fWb OHa eer^ B^ igp!eei^BeBOii> 

' ' " ' 



Bume Viit yxe BMI^JH, ifo iiJ)H I^B! KpaxMa^ia BI> 1 p. 
RapToejb onia^niBaeTCfl na aaBOA^ bti'i p. d3 K. AO ^ p.. 



3a qexBepTb; ecjtH XJitf ocTopoxceocTH npoEfl i^^ey RpaxiiiLia 
p. 20 K., TO H Bi aTOMi* ciyqalb Rapro^ejib onjoTHTca ne 



1 p. 80 K. aa qexBepTl^, HTO npa ypona^ BI> 60 qetBepTett (cairb' 
108 p. oaiOBoro Aoxo^a ci* A^'CKTHBU. jl^ecflTHHa no 
npH ypoHta^ BI> 12 HexBepTeft (caMi> 9 12) H tapn I^I^H^ BI* 1 
aa ^exBepTb, AA^TI Bcero TOJibBo 84 p. BaiOBoro Aoxo^a. *) 
CKOTOBOffCTBo, ffave xopotno opraHHaosaHBoe, onjianHBaerb 1 nyni* cbna 
ne CBbime 18 K. ^) aa ny^i, HTO npH ypowa* ero BT> 218 u. 
39 p. 38 B. BaJiOBoro AoxoAa C'b j^eenrtiiiu, B'b AjeKcaBApoBcnoft 
in KHflaa MeHbn^HROBa (RjiHBCKaro yta^a KpyroBCRofi BOJIOCTH), 
aa 9 Jil^rb Bct pacxoAU B'b TpyA'b H RanH 
. 38 p., 65 K., A<SA AecflTHHbi nofcb RapTOejieiii> 51 p. 




^^ 



*) CojoMy ii7> opExoAi, t HAioai Bit pacxoAt uu ae 6746111 

>*'''> CiHTftJi HTo KOpOBft xaerk 100 BCACpb xoxoRa Bb roAi (Bi MOCROBCKOA 
Kpyn x'd uii^aro CKotnaro XBopa, icopOBa Aaen HO Gojite 70 80 
BupaaccBi 



100 Mxefc MOJioRa 



xacia Ma. 40 p 

TDOpory 8 B. 
BO 80^x. ,,^, ..^ , , ^ j,^j^ 6 p. 40 X. 

"'^"^1 60 



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Hroro. . 48 p, K. 



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JliTHce oacT^BBie . . . X" 9 

% Hf CTOBMOCTb BOpOBH Bh 

GO p , . . . , . . .^ 3 > 

Ha MOJO<iByi> oocyxy . .''_! 



lecapcTBo, je'ieiiie, cojb, , 
/ KaaBTBjfc B% Borrpot- 

peMoniax-b 'U^^t ' '^ ^ v.i'M 



, Hojarafl ero ua 40 KO- . 

. . . . . 80 > 
Hroro. . . 19 p. K, 

4i^; OcTaercJi >0 p. sa 150 B.'ctBa, 80 B. BOACTBJOHHO! COJOMH (cnxran ee 
lOCTV cilia) JUA KopoBu K 4 By^a cixa A44 Cuca (4+40=160 iiyAO|i^) EU i 

6jaroRpijiTBuxii ycjoBiax% B xeoTKiajtuMifl BBMero BB Ba pBCKi, BX na 
, olaarxTCfl BI. 18 K. CttpaBiBMTc, xBora IB raxxxi xicTBocrel, 
Momxo 6uJd ByBVTk BIX BpoHBMerx cixo aa Bry ntuy? O^eixxHO, ITO 
xaafro deora x CTMMO Mua, nto cio, ocAnifM Bmipail, toeTaBAjierk AM 

CJBBIKOMl AOporoA Kdp*^. BoTl, JMUXJ BpOIXMa, BpBVBHt W<if!llJ M pliAKO BpeCTMXe 

xann rtxo xt punxi, a xa cxapMaatatm tra M ettilfa soMlrrBt. 

OvenBAuo, ei ^pyrol cfofOlHi^ t M xpnnmM ypfiffiU exofOMnimva, 
xmio erapanoB A^^Oun IBBUBN! M^t ft M ittioi xfOrl mn ajtiBpnoe c^o, 

\ 




e^itaAB6>iio 

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. oojeBOACTBOJrb II eKOTOBOACTBOiiik 6yAyTb OTHO* 
MefUy .4^00, vnR% 56, 8: 45, 4: 30,4, HIM nurb 1: 0,79: 0,53. 
Tavnrb o6ps30ii'b MU Biinurb, HTO x^tcariBa nox'b Z4ft6om H lop- 

BepepaGoxRH ero BI* xpaxMai'b, A noxoMy 



cupbH euroAB'be Bcero npOH3BOAiiTb BI coOcTseBHoifb 
CTB'b. Bclb ycjiOBiH RpaxMajbBO-aaBOAHRROB'b K'b 8TOMy H 

6ojbme: Rpaxiiajibebie aaeoAbi MoryrbycTpaHBATbca 



Ko 



RpecTbflRHMH, ROTOpbiMi* 
auaHHTBJbHoe ROJinqecTBO 

Ha 43 



apeBAoeaTb 



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RaRi> Mbi ye BH- 
coCcTBeHHoe xoBflficTBo BJTHA'bJbaeB'b AOCTaBJifleTb 10948 

H3i> Roropbixii BaA'l^bBafl 3eMjJi A&eTi> Bcero 2958 
xeii UJH 27V; BCC xce ocTaibuoe ROJinqecTBO, T. e. 73Vo 

nojiynaeTOf ci> apeeAyeMbixi* 3eMejib. nocMoxpHMi* cROJibRo aen- 
apeHAyeTCK R]>axiiaJibHo-3aBOA4HRaMH H RTO no npeHMyn^ecTBy HB- 
jiaejca apeHA&TOpoM'b ea B'b r-fexi cejeHiaxii, TA* cymecTByen. xpax- 
MaahBO-naTOHHutt npOMUceJi'b. HaqBeafb !> A- I^bi^RHo (BpOHBHURara- 
iixajeBCRoit BOJ.), B^ ROTOpott 18 Aouoxo3aeBi> 3aBaTiii rex- 
nepepaCoTRoK RapTo<i>ejia. *) HpH He3ua(iRTejibBOM'b 
2,6 AeciiTHBi> Ba Ayniy, u'b oRpecTBOcxax'b exoro cejCHia 
CBo6oAHott aeiuiH, Roxopyio MoacBO 6bijo 6bi ceaxb BI apeBAy, a noxo*' 
My apeBAOBaBie RpecxbaBCRHxii BaA'bJOBi> (ipe3BbiqaitHO pacnpocxpaBeBo; 
apeHAyioxca y 36 AOMOx03aeB'b, xoibRO MHCjaoiHxcfi B'b AepeB- 
H nocxoaBBo KHByn^Hxi) 6jH3b r. MOCRBU BI> oropOABHRaxii, BO BXO- 
y 26 6e3JioiiiaABbixi> AOMOxo3aeBi>, xtHByn^Hx-b a6pH<iBbiirb xpy- 



IlepBbie CAaK)xi> 116 a Bxopbie 51 AyincBbixi HaA'bxoBi>, 



CAaexca 167 



4xo6bi 




BT> 

pyRH ne|>eiijia Bca 8xa 3eMJia, pacnpeA'IbJHifb Bc-bxi* AOMOxo3aeBi> 
cxoaBBO sHByn^Hx-b B'b cejieBiH Ba 3 rpynobi, npHqeiii rb nepBoft or- V 
BeceiTb irpaxiiajbBO-3aBOA*iHROBi>, RO Bxopoft BC^XI* JIHRBO o6pa6oxbiBa- 
CBOH BaA^Jbi H, BaROBei^i, Ri> xpexbeft Bc1ixi o6pa6oxuBaioii;Hxi. 
IIo3eiiejbBbia oxBomeBia AJfl RaAoft H3T. 



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*7K<t^VT,arBi'-V*>)i t-' * I .?.' ,lr ^v.i'JfiTf'a^'Unuii^jii 
,>- J-v,^t^->' J Jt ifif^'Jr . l.n?' :^ 

"tf'j*^ ('^.TJ.TI < i ;' , ,-;' * > ( 1 1- -I?.! i ..,^.ii i--,i 

RaRoit CTeneHH ne- 

A. HblOHBOl TaR'b 

194 Ayuiei>u^'i> HaAl><ia, HJIII 44, 5<)/^ Bceft aeMJH, Hapl^saiiHoit iia 166 AO- 
. naxoAHTCfl B'b pynraxT* Bcero TOJibRo 18 3aBOAHHROBi>, npn- 
ua RaHk;;aro H3i> niixi* upHxoAnTca no 10,7 AymeBbixi* HaA'b<aoB'b, 
rbM'b KaRT> 52 ucnpaBuu^c'b AOMOxo'.jfleu'b BjaAlJiorb Bcero 172 
IIJIII no 3,3 HaA'bJa Ha A^opi). KpaxMajiBHLiMH 

//\l> O T^) IT T. tf ^ D ^ O ^nfl U^f^'W U O TTik/^ TrHho 
vii>fi*iciiz>tivi^ ijin-^ LilvJl D ncTiiuUtilJnc 



cBoe 



na C4e'n> 



36 



jKHTb Ha CTOpOHU, H OTHacTU Ha cierb T-bxT* 26 ;6e3aoniBAHbixT 
MOxo3acBi>, KOTopue nepecTajBK oOpaOoxuBaxb CBOH naA'bJiu He CMOT- 
pa ua 3iiaMHTejibHoe RoaM4ecTBO 3CMiH. RUTopoe aaxBaTHJiH Bi>cROHpy- 
Bu RpaxMajibHo-3aBo;L*iURH, OHH Bce eiuc ke Moryfb o6otiTUCb 6e3b no- 
Kyniiaro CbipbH, xaR-b RaKi> co6cTBeHHoe xo3aticTBO AOCTaBjmerb nai-b Bce- 
ro 67,4<>/jKOJiH<iecTBasapTO<>ejifl,Heo6xoAHMaro AJfl 4-x7. HeA*Jii>Baro 

npOH3BOACTBa. IIOBHTHO, HTO MtUl} 60Jlte CyACTb yBCJIH^IHBaTbCa 

npOH3BOACTBa, 'I'jbM'biibime 6yAeTi> OTnjiaiHBaTbCfl RapTOej 

OyAerb y 3aBOA^HCOdi> 3axBaTbiBaTbBiCBOH pyRH, no 

, COJIbniCC ROAHHCCTBO 3681 JIH, n BOCbMa B03M03KHO, 1TO H T* 

35 AOiioxo3aeBi>, KoxopLie o6pa6oTbiBaH)'rb xenepb CBOH HaAl^^bi naft* 
MOMi>, npn noBUCHBUiHxcfl apeHAHbixi> uliHaxi, uafiAyrb Coj'be BbiroABUirb 
OTRa3aTbCfl orb o6pa6oT||i 09011 xi HAA'bioBi* H nepeAaAyTi> HXI* xpax- 



4 



CoBepmcHHO rbve iBJtiHiE nciptHaiDTca n m* 

ROTOpbixit 6ojie njH MCH^e pftakurb xpaxxaji&RO 

, ci TOK) ToxBio paHBiiett, ITU J^ KJHMCBOIT* 



THRli 



KlHRCiarO 



-V 



4 . " X- ^.- 



IS - 

HI S05 irrt* VBV 





BpoHJiBuiAro y8/|ft 2 aaBOAtiBia npH 
aeicjiu, apeHAyiorb en^e 27,2 xeo; wvjni, BI> x. IIviiocKOBO 

2 saBOAHHEa apfUiAyiorb 14;.& AecaTHBi aeiuB, BI A. 
Toro ne yb^Aa 2 aaBOA^BKa apenAyioTik aeHjin ua 40 py6iet K 
.Bpoarb Toro aoRyoKott npio6p'biB 20 ^ecaTHii^ H T. A* 

TaRHH'b oopaaoM'k MU BBABMI, <ITO KpaxiiajbHO-aaPOAiHRH, Karb 

_^ 

Blk BpOHQBI^ROM'b, TaX-b B Bl> KjRHCKOM-b ylbaAaXlr, TA^^ TOJIbRO B03BOV- 

BO CTapauTCfl KyoBTb HJB apeBAOoaTb aeMJH), MTodbi npoBaBO^BTb cbipbe ' 

BT* CO6CTBeHBOMli XOaaACT^I^, Cl* Apyroit CTOpORU AOXOABOCTb IIpOiraBOA- 

HaK-b MU BBAliJiB Blimey Cbicxpo Boapacxaerb Bifbcrb ci yAJiBRBe- -sj 
nepioAa opoii3BOACTBa, a noTOvy aanoA^iRRH cxapaiOTca nepepa- u 

BOBTEO 6ojibuie cupbH. Borb aoHOMy BU ne BCTp^qaeMik . 
D04TH HH OAHoro aaBeAOHifl, ROTOpoe oGxoAHJOCb 5bi 6e3i> noRyunaro 
BnpToejfl, It H'bM'b BeHboie aeB;iH y saBOA^MKa, TftMii 6ojbme 
-CTBO cbipLH OH-b npHHy^KAeiTb DORynaTb ua CTOpon*. -i * .tai ft- 
. XapaRxepnufi upHaoaKi} ce^bCKo-ofoafiucmeenHt 

cocTOHTb Bit TOBb HTO aaMl^u Bxt> oraHHifiBaiOTca / 

V 



KOJHHecTuoBi> Cbiparo MaTepiajia, Ao6biBaeMaro Bi) co6cTBeHHOMb xo- 
H&CTB'b; ecjiii OHH nepecxynaiorb axy rpaHui^y, TO nepexoAflTi> yxe 

ITb paapflAl} CaMOCTOaTeJlbHblX'b DpOUSBOACTB'b. PyROBOACTByaCb dTHBlt 

KpnxepieH'b, ubi AOJIJKHU npHanaTb, qjo Bi) KABHCROMI ybaA'b Rpax- 

npokaBOACTBO cocTaBiadWi CejibCRo-xoaattCTBeHnbitt 

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Hcxoiuaiouvia noHBy, a ox6pocbi AftAyn* BO3M03iaiocxb 
cKoxa. noAAepHBaxb cejibCKOxo3aflcxBeHBbie npo- 
pa3HOo6pa3HXb n yjymnaxb Ryjibxypy 3eMiH. 
/ A npoMucibi. KaRi> iibi BHA'biii. Ooji-be Bcero Hya;AaK>xca BI> 

' . - 1 . . .- I ; 



r 



i 

r- / 



\ 



A 

f 



^/ 




101 

11 

12 

13 
14 
15 

16 
17 

18 



.% 

>< 



..A 



.^la .>, :i 

\ M-.^,t. ?. , 



p.' 






>;.! 1 '*' i 



|. Kopoen 

* * * ' 

i.'iV T 1, 



, BrR JiioBO 



... 



CreRaHi HaanTRRi . 

./. ..i;-..^.., ^^; 



A^ouacifi 



BjBCi HBRBOBI . V,. . . 

'iil i< . 



1670 Tove . . . 



187Uj eupaa Myaa 



. . . . 1805 

!j 

. . . !il872 



.^^a M-^''v '.. .j i/^j, ia-^.,as 
HBaBi Tpo^uoM .!'.'. .:|l&72! * -"^^-'"^ 



Ceprtfi MuxaljOBi. ... 1870 



..... :1872 



0,1 



Ajieactfl raBpnjOBt .' . .|]S70 



1871 
1870 
1877 
1870 



AHTUMI IlerpOBi ^ M,^ , . 

HBBBOBS /:,(*;f .^ . 



8,,! MRTB^fi 



HaaROB*' ^.^^ V C^' 



nOTORt 



1870' TORre . . . 



1861 



1876 



Tome . . . 



5 

6 
5 
8 
5 



6 



6 
5 
6 



' 



6 



57 



imxcTit n ceieHix% NOCCOBCCM^ ryoepiii. 


t ' 
{ "' ' 


.K4. 


j 


* .9 

m 


li 


A-A<ie 


I 


A^ 


cnn., 








Mtero cftjUTB. 


BsiojieTBa. 


fi 

O . 




KOJBeCTB 

Naro eupbB 


1 

KdjBieeTBt 
TOBapa Bi B 


, 


S 
1 




- 





1 


i 


1 


^ 1 


it. tii<|Mi 


'V 


, 


1 / 




; 








' . ki 








^rafc^ 


*a4*l 


J[ Iiii^ 




.': .al 






' ' ^' ' }(^f^ 


'3 


1 CBTO . 


4. 


150 


270 


Ha nar, UBOJI 


2V4 


Py6jB. 
16 


2 


2 


j.v-...rr, :..-j^ 


. 


t a '^. .vjwi 


6 


1300 uyi. 


900 
naTOiB. 


Bi r. Pveai 














. ' -fii . .- 





. '; 


6 


1300 Dyi 


900 
naroBB. 


TOBre 

j'tftr??/'- 


IV. 


16 


2 


2 


..<.. 


' li 

1 


3 . , 

^^; /;, 

2 . . 


. ..*.. 
4 


SOD 


810 
640 


aa nar. laaoji 


2 
2 


10 


2 
2 


3 
2 


4 f 1 
r^ 


1 . 


4 * . 


6 


900 


1^ 


^-ry-^T 


6 


90 


9 


7 


TenjiBiRnii. 


' 


i^...-. ..,, 


. ;.*,: 


^W 


810 


..L.i:., 


4 


15 


4 


4 


3 jec. coOcTBeH. 


' . 


^ 


**'" 


1 '1^' -^ 


.;' ' .-, f : 


lil ;V-^tirr'.rO 


3V. 


t'.'l. <.:,. 

40 


4 


4 


i?i(Ht.rtiJy<}i' >TC ' 


. 7 


3 . 


6 




xri-tHfiiftei 

1 ' 


,K i:i.r..r., 


4V 


26 


4 


4 


Kft>i.%; i.'.p , ;; '1; 




3 . 


ff 


. 676 ; 


1200 


i ', . 'JTHl 


2V 


16 


2 


3 


'- 


- i / 


3 . . 


tf 






.. 


l*/4 


26 


3 


3 


i/^iee. eoftcraeB. 




. '. -: 


S- Iv. 


T V 


. . .:i,o*.d 


.t/. .-'..ifJJ ; 




........i; ,. 






--*^-'"'i :. 




3 . . 


6 


-i 






6V 


100 


7 


m 
1 






2 > . 


6 


460 


810 


H 


4 


20 


3 


4 


i 




2 . . 


4 


300 


640 


:...l^ 


7 


16 


4 


9 


' * 




r'^^-,, . ' 


2 Hte 


3000 Byx. 
BpaxHaia. 


naroBB. 


n r. PBTCB^ 


3 


16 


9 


6 


8^c. eoOcTMi. 




- " 


2 Mte. 


1800 Byx. 
apaxHaja. 


1200 
naroBB. 


t. 


IV. 


^ 


1 


2 


:'- 




_ 


d Mfte. 


3000 lyx. 


1900 


e 


3Vs 


20 


3 


6 


6 xae. eo(kTBB. 




- '- ^. , 


_.^ i 


apaxMaja. 


aroBi. 


. ^I'JK'U 










MJB. 




.1 . 


6 


676. 


1900 


.BB BBT. atMA 


2 


20 


3 


8 


11 lee. co6eTBeB. 
MiJB. Xc'viP* 




; 'f 




1 


r 












BBBS. 








' 















f- -i 


' 1 






entjtiiii o KpaxMUbitoMi 



M W. 



HaiBaaie 



BOJOCTH. 



HisBinie 





I 



.5 



i 



TOBapi. 



S 



V. i ' ' ; i I 



RpymscRas . . 



8 

lOl 
11 

12 

14 
15 

16 
17 
18 



f" 



A. 



V n 



t 



*.'' J " i f 



X. BeeiJkttM 



3. 



'.' = < .1 



1? 
f^ 



t;: 



ill 



8,5 

/ i: 



CreaaHi HiaaTaHi ;' f ^ 

L;i.v:f.',->i^it<-i^ii rs /Wl'H; 



FepacRvoBi . . 

:tM 



faii^ -l^ttlliH OJ, . iSK 



j 



A^ouacifl 



Bjae% 



1861 
1861 



1870 



cupa 



naroaa 



ri \ 



1870 



4>eipi> IlBaHOBii (;& jiur; ! 



1806 



'iVMl872 

Oil 3 



eupaa Nyaa 



CeprtH MuxaHjoBi .T 

' c .. 



AHTUMI 

RacRjil HsaHori . 



Aiiipl 




1872 

.r 

1870 
1872 
1870 

1871 
11370 
1877 
1S70 

1870 
1861 
1876 



;LV> . 



naroRa 



Toare . . . 



Toaie . . . 



cupai 



..^'A. 



8 



2 



8 



a 



8 




1 CBTO 







3 > 
2 > 

4 

I 



3 > 

i 

3 i 
3 > 

3 > 

2^.1 



4 
6 

6 

4 
4 
6 



r y_ 



6 
6 
6 
6 

1 

6 

6 

4 

2 Hie 



1&0 

1 

I 
1300 uyi.i 



1300 pyx 
BpaxMaja. 

460 



00 



900 



9 Hie 



6 



671^ 



460 
300 



3000 
BpaxBaaa. 

1800 nyx 
BpaxBaja. 

3000 Byx 



676 



270 



900 
naiOBB. 

900 
naroBB. 

810 

640 

1620 

810 



BB Bar, UBOXl 

n r. PBteai> 

TOBte 



1200 



810 
640 

1920 
naroaB. 

1200 
naroBB. 

1900 

BBTOBB. 
1200 



tt 

IB nar. 



in 



ill A (irJ>jf'i> 



Bi r. PareBi 



Tf 



TOBte 



. BBBOXI 



2 
2 
6 

4 



4 
7 
3 



16 
10 

90 
16 



40 
26 
16 
26 

100 
20 
16 
16 



20 



20 



9 



3 



3 



9 



3 



3 



.1- 



TenjBHBnai. 



UMJIB. 



, . 

Vf w* 



3 lee. eo(kTBB. 



u 



6 xee. co6eTBeB. 



11 xee. 
Mill. |rtp- 






il/HfU'H. 






1 






p" 

BM 


P^V^^ 

It* 


8 


"1 ' 

saK ' 




1 


UpoisMxnul 




1 


TOWIt*/\- 




II 

M 
M 


a 




.^ 




2 









'bn 




9 

PQ 


1 


1 





1878 


eupaa Hyaa. 


6 


2 


4 





1874 


To.e . . . 


5 


1 


4 


. 1 


1870 


TOIBe . . . 














1875 


eyxaa Myaa. 


9 


2 


7 

















1874 


eupaa Hyaa. 


* 


8 


8 





1879 


Toaie. . . 


6 


8 


8 


} 


1880 


Toare . . . 


6 






J, 


1872 


cyiaa Myia 


18 


1 


12 


J 




uaToia. 








{ 





iiaroaa . . 


5 








i 





-.^: 


6 


1 


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6 


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5 








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5 


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6 








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B% 3ciTa . 

> 2 . . 

> 3 > . 

> 8 . 

3 . . 

. 3 . 

8 ^ . 

8 > . 



4 
4 

6 

4 
4 

4 
4 



675 

300 
450 

675 



1200 fna nar. aaBo;|t. 



540 



810 



. 750 
eyxofi 



.; ! i* ^' i 

Toae. 

Toste. 



810 



450 



450 I 1000. 
1000 nyi. ipaxxaja 
COO naroiJ 
1800 I 




Ha nar. 



Toe. 



Toce. 



t : 



TOBO. 



r'- 

a lUT. aaBOAt. 



5 

7 



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MoHaxoBy. 



n KJUI. 



Tiapb. 



f :i| 



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2 
3 



20 



10 



20 

30 
35 



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15 



semi. 







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HD. 



4 xec. eo6eTBH. 

t 

ol 



r 



lOxee. 



5 xee. cofiemi. 



Co6cTBeii. 

a 250 p. accirM. 



8 xe. eoSenei. 



iw 



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.-. -p 




1 


1^ 


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1 








. l' * ' ' ' ( 




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ss 


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m 


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***""" "1^ 


1 




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. 










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g,| 


3% 3 cna . 


6 


675 


1200 


nanaT.saaoxv 


5 


20 


8 


2 


. .. ^1 


3 





.< 4 


450 


810 


Toaie. 


4 


...'^ 


8 


1 


e| 


; 








J ' 


^].^ !'>'! 




^''ii, 






09? 


., 2i 1 


. 


6 


450 


810 


Toare. 


2Vj 


1 xyB. 


1 


I 


. 


'""-.^ 










1 bi iiiS>a~> '<' i i 


- 








''- J , ' 


1 j ' i 


' 


6 


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1200 


VMM. 1 

* ^' V 


11 

J 
i 


15 

.-*** . 


8 


2 


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i^-f ; 


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r 


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/. . ^ 










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: 


4 ^_f* ! '' V 


p 1 


xo.'.ir,! i1 JJ 


' 




IWJf 


iapalai. . . 


6 


1800 


3240 <ieT. 


Bit Ron H a HO 


8 


2V xee. 


8 


4 


1 ^ 












Bor. ytt. 












. - - ifmt 


t .M > 


^^^ 


2500 nyx. 


1700 


Bi Moeity. 











. 


CB| 




1 




apa&vaja. 


. oaToai. 












i' 


j.-a 


1 




tl .i-'-'i. . 


v , ' 


.H JtKioyt'J { 






I 




33i 


B% 3 eafra . 


6 


675 


1215 


a nar. taaoii 


6' 


11 iyv 


5 


4 


t ' 


9 J 


j . -. 


6 


675 


1200 


Tove. 


5 


5 lyaiv 


8 


4 


1*1 


' 1 '^ 








: 


' .i 










' f^^. 


i 8J 1 




^ 4 


450 


810 


n MMBBy. 


5 


BOjocaaMi. 


8 


3 


t 


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' - -; - 




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,'-- t 


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. j'l- ' ' 






'V'^ 


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4 

t 


450 

t '' '-'-'iJ 


500 
yx. Hyai. 


Toaie. 


5 


TOBfl. 

1 


1 


4 


t t^ 

ri 


* 9^ t 


^ . 


* 4 


450 


1200 


M*. 


6 


Toie. 


1 


5 


i ^^; 


.. ' ' 



' 


aapToA. 


naroia. 













I 


' - -''.^.la 


i , 




2000 nyx. 


1000 


mill JHfiflH 




.... 






iCT 


' i 


\ I 


* 




eyx. Myaa. 


Ti 










IfiT^' 


.ili' 1 


i .. 


4 


450 


810 


aa oar. aaaoii. 


6 





I 


2 


' ;' 


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afTi 


Bex ^ 








- 




' 




4?': 


; 2 a ,.Ba 


rT)4< 


800 


540 


Toaie. 








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1 


















V 


' * 


> 


6 


675 


1900 


Toaie. 














V 1 


."I 


..ri 


6 


675 


12(M) 


T0e. 





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-^ 


^1^ 


i 

1 .^ 






















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m-.>i" 


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1 


^ 


675 


1200' 


TOV. 





-^ 





M 


It-'ilMll -"' 


8^' 


I ** * ' 


i' 


675 


1200 


a Hterl. 


7 


ojoca. 


5 


5 


' 






















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J 




4 


450 


540 


TBe. 





. . 


.. 





;. 


' 






















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6 


675 


1200 


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1 

^ 


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' 


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., 












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' \ - 



















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1 


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1 




1 
1 


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! 


M 




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Ma 

1 


H.h 


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8 


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{ 


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f 




^ 


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riff r H /*"' ' 1 * 






g 


f^ ^B .^B ^T n m_ B^B 


1 













MfOCTII, 





CMMM. 


2' 


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1 


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\ 









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^^_^ 




? 




\ 








67 




(~*. ., 


"T"^""^""^ 




Fparopil COJOIIOBK . . . 


1868 


eupaa Hjaa. 


6 





^ 


68 


' "' 


.1 


, 

' '^ 


^ 


Japioift Mapaoai .... 

i^afil .T|il KH (K'i^ i 


1866 


t* . 


6 


2 


8 


69 


'''! 




s :. *"; / 


'] 


Fparopi) CTeaiHOBi . . . 


1869 


"i..^ '/ijr> 


6 


8 


8 






1 < 


i -.^. 1 


4 I 






^ ' 








60 





f : 


i I 


'. 


Tparopil DIZOIOBI . . . 


1866 




6' 


2 


4 












UlM 




, ; , 








61 


3arpaeaaa 





nMcanai*. 


2.4 


Baeijil BaaaOBi .... 





e 


6 





[ 


62 







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'' 


, 


fliOB% AMTOHOBI .... 


__ 





5 


^ 


.., 
























68 


1 

' 


, 

1 


I. BiepoBo. 


1., 


npoiofil EjacTparoBi 





1 . 


6 





, 




' 


fr . 


















64 






. 3aropaoBO. 


3.1 


Maxaan EvecoBi .... 





naroaa . . 


8 














'* 


' 


, ''.ff - 














> f 


1 


' ^ '' 
















6& 




-- 


\ 


-j^: 


Avvrpil I^epiosaai . . . 





eupat lyaa. 


6 




^ 


66 




' 


' 




Creaan RocoOpteai . . 







6 







67 







Kysie^M . 


2 


fliOB Ceveiwv/ .... 





. *| 


6 












N ^' 


' nn ji * 




t: C; .i^.fli^'t 












68 


' 


i. 






EMeJkaa% BopoaaoBi . . 





T 


6 








69 


i 

I 




Majuaesd . 


2,7 


Eropi KapaojOBi .... 


_ 





6 


.^ 


-> 
















; 












4 ' 






f 




1 , 








70 






JiniaoM . 


IMI 


IlaMJi 4>xopoa ^ '. . 







6 








71 


I 




: .^x;..- 




Haaojal Caveaoai . . . 








6 


^ 


-^ 


72 


^' ! 
, 


I 


;. 


' r 


iBaai raapiJOM .... 


. 


f 


6 


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^ 






, 


.i - 




,^. '^ tuc^Vi .xx-^ *^-- 


kti;;j 











78 





j 


\ 




IIojiaapB^ Aaipeas . . . 


.^ 




6 


_ 


^ 






4 ^1 






^ 




& 'u' 






















'* / . 








74 


\ 




CrEpoiiBRU 





Oapfeail Eaxoanon . . 





ejxaa Mjaa 


12 










1 




-. -/ 




^" \ If '^^/* '^ 


^ 


=' aaroaa. 















>. ,, 


k- A 


^i^uf 1 lirtll 




t ' i . 








76 






1. CnpBOBO. 


1,1 


IIpOBof il fparopMB% . . 





ejxaa vjaa. 


6 










t 




- 




,. ' 1 ', ' ' ' i 1 '. 


j^l 


\ * ' 










1 


4 


' 




. - *' w\ %> - ' . 


Sf'\-' 


i-, i 








76 


1 


t 


',' ' ' I' 


"" 


JtMTil CoJOXaB% . . . 





eypai ijaa. 


6 








77 


] 





Jl. J(eMiTMi|a 


Sa 


J 

Bpana RIBUII , . . 


1880 


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860 
800 



810 
810 
1200 
810 
640 
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540 



2000 nyx 
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676 

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460 
460 
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2000 

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96 
97 
98 
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100 
101 
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1862 

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M6CROBCRofi rl^CepHiH Hpecxbaae 20 cexeHift KjiHHeRaro 

9xoxT> cymecxByetT* mt rydepHin Oojrbe 25 i-bxi*, OCHO- 
,,^ BarejieirB ero Ha3biBaK)xi> ABOpOBaro qejioBlbRa reHepaia 
. Eropa CxenaHOBa.- , ^ . a ;: .. ,i . i . ^ 

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A'bjiy Bi} RaROiifb-xo CapCKOHi> HM'bHiH BepeficRaro y'b3Aa, 
cejia ilexpoBCRaro, n, cRonnBmif HeOojbinoft RanHxajiei^i>, Bit 

roAOBi> apeHAOBajfb xenjinuy Bi) HM'bHiii r-Ha 
, npH Vc. 'TpoHHROM'b, KjiHHCRaro y*3Aa. DpeAnpiaxie ero no- 
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<r f w f 

nocxpoHXb en^e HE-b HOBUH xenjinn,bi BI> A. BopncoBott xoro 



no3BOJiflK)ii;eit c6biBaTb TO- 
He TOJibRo B-b MocRBy, HO H B-b C.-IIeTepGyprb, FA* 3HMOK>, Rani. 

HA Hero AOXOAHTk AO 5aCHOCJIOUHbIXl pa3M'6pOU'b. Cl> 

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nponaBOACTBO Bcei^^jio CAajii* Ha pyRH cbiHa H HaeHHbizi) pa6omixi>, 
no3HaROMHBmHxcH c^b upieMHMH npoH3BOACTBa. . 

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reibHbifi ocHOBHoft KaaHTajii*, Heo6xoAH>ibift aa o63aBeAeHie, cjyHfUJiu no- 
5yAHTeibHbiMH npH^HHaMH rb ycxpoiicTBy codcTBeHHUxi TeDjiHMeRi> pa* 
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CBOHXI* pyRaxii Becb c6bixi> TOBapa. TaRHMi> o6pa3OMl 
|0UBmie pa6otii Eropa CxenaHOBa BecbMa CROpo 3aBejiH ce51b caMQCxo- 
Ijixe^bHue xenjiHUbi BI> ORpeexHidxi> AepeBHaxi), a caMi) oai) oCpaxHJiCfl BI* 
jrxaBHaro CKynii;HRa H xoproBua xeiuiHHHbiiiH OBomaMH/"'" " ""' I 

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H pacnpocxpaeeHieMit nponbicia BO3HHKJM HOBbie 



70 



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npOB3BOACTBa H c5iiiTa; npOEaBOXKreii CT&IH cam 
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npOM bicejfb oKOj^aiTei]>BO ycBaiMii7Jn iksi pyrb' Dropa CTenanoBa M 
ero cbiBa, Koxopwe aaseJiH ce6* ^B1JTOIEH opaBxepeH B aaBiuBCb xop- 

, UBliraicH H xeKOpaTBBBUMB pocxeBiaMB. 
CaMO CH6OIO noBiTBO, <iTO cjiyqattBO saHeceBButt npoMbiceji* 
npo4HO npBBBTbca BI> KIBHCKOIII* y1i3A^< TOibBO 6jiaroAapg 
cyTCTBiio KaBBZ'b jB6o 6iaronpiflTBUxi> yciOBift, Koxopbixi* Be 
y*3Aaxi MocKoecKoft ryCepBiB. HecoMH*aBO, HTO BT 
6bLiB: 6iBaocTb xej1k3Bott AOporB, Koxopaa 20 
BI npeA'biax'b MocioBCBott ry6epBiB npoxoABJia no 
jiBBCBovy y*3Ay )i AeiueBB3Ba TonjiBBa B oTcyrcxBie 

BblXl* B OXXOXCBXl* npOMUCJIOBl. ^tAcXBBXeJIbBO BT. KjIBBCROM'b 
Cl) xeaJUHHblM'b DpOMblClOlfb, Bl OAB^Xli B XbXl) HCB 

xaRie npoMbicjibi, RaKi> BpaxMaibBO-naxoiBbift, cyxaa ne- 
oFURa B paaA'bjiRa j^a B x. A.)*^* ^* TaRie npoM bicjiu, 
Hoxopue 3aAepsiiBaK)xi> na 3BMy Cojibioyio nacxb BacejieBia AOMa H, Hpo- 
xoro,BBorAa en^e AOCxaBJ[flioxi> CBOBMB ox6pocaMB AemcBoe XODJBBO 
xenjiBUi (Ka^ BanpBM'bpi Bc4i jilbCHbie npOMbicjibi). ., 

,^ Pa3Mtpbi B pacnpocxpaueBie axoro opOMbicia B-b MocKOBCBott 
($epBiB BarjiflABo BHAHbi wh (tJ^Ayiomett xa6jiHi^u: ^^ 



-UOJI 
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lit 9 Tenjnrani Rpe 

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taojima nOKaauBoerb ITO: 
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B^ 



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48% BCl^xi 



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MO nepeABHHyjicfl BI iitCTHOCTb l6oM.^e ji^cHcryio. /I,%ficTBBTeJbHO) 
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HanHHaerb naAaxb BI pepBoft uai> 
, THMOHHHO u nepmyTHHOJ, B'b T0-e 
nepexoAHTb BT* KpyroBCKyio BOJOC^, * ^ ' 

3) Ho Mtp'b yAajcHifl OTI> r. KjiHHa, T. e. no 

paaMtpu TenjiHHiHbix'b 3aBeffHitt CTBBOBflTCfl Bce 6oji'be. Tairb 



1 






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4,3 H BaEOHeui Bi> KpyroBCKoft 4,7. Bce aro 
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B'b lie* 



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onyii;eH'b Ba 1 I'/i apmHua BHIRG ropBaoBxa, TaRi> MTO 
njiHi^bi MOJRHO Be HBane CToaxb, RaR'b cBJbuo 
cTopoBbi oBa aaRpbioaeTca CTevJiflBBbiMH TenjienobiMB 

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a B'b opoTRBynojoxBOii'bLaaAveM'b yr^y-rAUMOBaa Tpy6a. 
xoAu BAyTi) no 6opoBy, KOTOpi^tt TflHexcfl BAoaB Bcett 
6oROBoii CTlbHbi, ()JiaroAapfl ^leiiy, npQAyRTbi ropeBii 

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paaoM'b, HarplbBaiorb ee BCIO paBROMtpBo. OauTb noRaaa,i'b, 
ne<ib Be Moxerb paBHOntpHO Rarpl^Tb Oojite 12 apmHB'b no 
BOTOMy Bi> OoibiQRX'b TenjiHuaxit na i^iKAue 8 paiii cTaBtfrL 
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Hxi* Beci>Ma AltwHTOJi /aorp 

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6 BepiuROBi) AO nojuyapiuflHa H^OJ^ A^iaau, ocTaBaacb BecbMa 

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ecLMa Majo, a opoHaBOA/eTBO HKI> AOMa CJ[IIUIKOMI> xio- 
upn qpeaBbiHaftnoft MeiicgcTfM c'bMaa'b..Mja4 "i'*'..^'5i( jH .iU,>Ji;i.f 

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xeajumBHEH a^p'^^Ko '^dAATi* aepcrb 3a 10 H Aa^ice 8a 15. Tarb, 

neii iB' HfiKOJibiAaAy, B'b A. . 
no 6eperaM' p. JiaMu. IIf>>. 

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xeneaia j'feTa xania Ky^iH paaa Aaa oepeBa- ^ 



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Ha HHKI aEttHoaott 

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t' Ilpvi TedJHqflolt RyjbTyp'h caMoe rjiQBHoe COCTOBTI* vb yiilbHiH pe- 
.Tyiu{)OBaTb TeunepHTypy, ROTopaa BO see BpeMH npOHapacTunriii oryp- 
nee-b AOJivna KOJie6aTbcit MexAy 22 H 18o R. Ona AOJvna xpoyb Toro 
<HaxoAHTCfl Bi> nojHOMii cooTB'bTCTBiit ci> ROJiHMecTBOii'b cB'bTa, 
jibiMi* pacreniflMH; raK-b, BI* acHbie cojiHeqniiie AHH tieooxoAHMO 
e Bbime <i'bMi> BT. nacMypHbie. HecoOjuoAenie dToro npaBHja 
TOMy, iiTO pacxeuifl npHHHMaK)Ti OojfbaHeHHbiit BHAI>, 
sepuieHHO DponuAaiorb. 

ExteroAHO npoH3BOACTBo eanHHaeTCfl c'b Toro, ITO 
orypeqayiopaacaAy H Bhiroaaiorb cajiaTb, nocn'bBaioiuiit 
K-b PoHCACCTBy: Ki OeBpajiK) MliCfli^y nocn'bBaiOTb nepBue orypiibi R 
BbiroHRa Rxi npoAOJxaeTca AO canott BecHia. noRa nocnIbBuiift napflHROBbiii 
orypeui> ee co5be'rb u'bHy ea cTOJibRO, qxo npOH3BOA<:TBO CTaBOBHTC 
TOHHUMi*. VponrsifiiocTb TcnjiHHHUZ'b OBoiueit M]>e3BbmaitRo me 
ea: xoponnnfb ypoHcaeMi* cmiTaeTCH COTHH orypueBi ci* 
1000 ci TenjiBUbi. Bo6ob^ nojyMaeTCR orb I'/a Ao 4 nyAOBi* (ii* TeiiJiR- 

1^'bBbi ua dTM OBOiiiH eii^e 6nj'be ROJie^JiflTcii, q'^arb yponcaR. TaRi> 
AOCTaBJiHercH B-II ropoA'i> HOMHoro, TO RaRoe BR6yAb 

, KaKi>,Hanp. 6ojrbinoii o6'bA'b, 
uy Ba HHX%; raRi* Baif-b H3B'&eTeHi> TaRott cjyqaft: RpeCThKBRHi* c. Ilepiny- 
TUBH HbicjiajTb Bii C.-lleTep6yprb 17 orypi;eBi> R nojiyqtun) 6a BHrb 
43 pyC., MeiRAy Tbifb RaRi* ero coc'b^'b, nocjaBinitt CBOR orypnu TOJIBKO 
neA'^^ett nocji-b, ne MOFb BupysHTb H 15 pyfijiett 3a COTBIO.~ 8to 

BO HCKJIUMHTeJhBbltt Ciliy*tatt. O6URHOBeHBO 



o^yp^eB^ orb 6 AO 15 py6. 3a COTBIO: ^MA cajara-orb 10 
-a A' SofioB'b-orb 25 R. 
^- C6biTb TOBapa 

9Ke oAHOcejbMaHT>, jiH(5o BT> 
xte, BaROBem, TOB^p^ ornpaBJifletcji 
R3'b MtCTHbixii ]ve RpecTbitBi*, 

B-b Rjiy(5bi, pecropaBU R racTpoBOMRi^eRie iiara3RBia. 
Hanp.^cTapmHBa KpyroBcdffoft BOJIOCTR, vp. A. BopTBRU-b, Eropi* 
ifhioB^ift n coOcTBeBRux^ TenjRi^'b, noqTR BCIO 3R*y npo* 
C.-Fletepdyprt, Tjct^ oRik npoAaerb cBotf toBapit R 
y tpecTbiBi Ba ROVMiKctio, MucKiBai aa BTO DO 5 R. ci> py<S<; 



C.*IleTep6jrprb RomiRccio- 
c6biBaR>1rb o^yp^bl 






, to 



'*/.'' 
**-". 




onracTH rb paapxAT MejiKaro npoiaBOxcTMu ^emnenHO MU 
ye i^litxl^ii, iTO cpeAHHii'b weaom Ha 



i< npHZOAHTCfl Bcero TOJILRO orb 3,5 AO 1,7 neqei. Haii 
59 BiaAiJai^ein TeniHqHux'b aaeeAeBii^ qncuniiKoa vb 

BO10C7I|X1> H COCTaBJfllOmHX'b B??*/* BC^Z'b 

Bcero TOibRo: 



12 neiett, a 7 Hii*ioTb OT> 7 AO 9 
: , , a3.orb 4 AO 6 

<>ti> UTKT^ IS-orb 1 AO 3 ner/ 



HaROHei;i>, 4xo5bi eu^e 
DpOR3BOACXBo. yRaweMT., RaRoe ynacxie npRBRMaerb BT Beii'bxpyA'b 

R BaeMBbIXl> 



, . 

IMCJO Ten- Y HHXI Paoo^. 131 Haemoxs 
jHHHHKOBi.. neteft. 



. ^ 

KpyfoBCKoft BOJi. Jno il.x.a 202 , ,,iiBJjpasco-i; 28 

*^^ 16 1 1 ' ! ffi 9 .ri 40 



Ha KaiRAMPO Tenjin^iiiiRa npHxoAHxcH Bcero TOJLRO 2,7 
HHCja ROTopbix^ 2 DpHHaAJie7RaTi> K'h ceiibt xo3iiHBa; Baeii- 
TpyA'b, cj^AOBaTejubBO, nrpaeti* caiiyio BBSTOHCByio poib vh 
Mbicji'b. Heo5xoARMO Rpoarb xoro 3aii'hTHTb,. <ITO Baeif- 
pa5o^iit nrpaerb 3Albcb Aajievo He Ty poib, RaRi> Bit ApyrHxi* npo- 

A^b^eai* TenjiRHuaro 3aBeAeHiH BT 
cjiy4aeBi> BaHRMaeTi> paGoqaro, ne ci* 
pa6oTy, a jiHuib A^H Toro, HTo6bi BbiynHTbca OTb aero npoH3BOACTBy. 
JKejaa saBecTR Teninuy, xo3flHHi npexAe Bcero BaeHMaerb pa6oHaro 
H3i RaRdro jraOo ceieiria, BI> RoxopOMii pa3BH'rb TeniHHHb 
noA^ pyROBOACTBOBfb xaRoro TeninqHRRa oB'b paCoTaerb 
<xoAHTi> 3a HHMi>, npncMaTpRBaeTCfl RI* eru pa6orb R yxe 
II^ft roAik Bbipao^RBaerb OBomR caMi), npR nonoii^R HxeaoBi cBoett 
Borb noqeiiy BI> xlixi cejieBiMX'b, BI> ROTOpbixi* TeniH<iBuil 

HTO BoaHRRaerb, npRxoAHTci ropa3AO 6oj[bme HaoMHUX'b pa6o- 
xaM-b, rA'b axorb npOMbicej'b cyn^ecTByeri yxe AaBBo. Tars, 

A- CBHCTyMOBo, KpyroBCRott Bojocm, B% Roropoi 
cymecTByerb Bcero Aoa roAa, Ba 3 TenjH<iHBROBi 
5 Ba^MMbixi padoqRxii, MexAT T^MI* RaRi BI A- FjyxMio, Tott xe BO 
4OCTH, BTb ROTOpott npOMbicej'b eyn^ecTByerb yMe 13 j^rb, na 19 
npHxoABTCi BceiH) 9 BacMBux'b pa5oqHX'b;otrrn ur.f{.iic.'>Tj 

IlocMOTpHirb xeoepb, RaRi> aeiRRi ocBOBBofl RaoRxafb Heo6x0ABiiiii 



cpy(h cxonrb oxi ........ 1520 

Ha neqb Beo6xoAiMo 1000 1500 RRpoH^ett . . . . 1624 



71 - 



orb 2 p. 50 . AO 8 p. Rax*> 20-^24 

10 flta^inOBA . .' *' '.. , Mi . . . . . . . *; 10 10 

nposojiOKa, aaMaaaa H T. lu^Jij :M.>-^S -en 2-- 2 



Bcero. 65-85 



' Ha KBHCAyK) paJiy^Teoja^HHKH BeyyTT> BC* pascqeru na 
on> 8 AO 10 p. 56K. '-'^^^'^ t-;!^?^':.''*2^^'-. '^--'*':'^' " ' 



npif STOirb saM'bTnTb, ITO Tain> Rarb oAHa neii 
BwpamHBPHia orypeiHoft paacaAu, TO 
He Men-be AByxi, H6o B'b npOTHBHOMi> cjiy<ia% 
, jn6o noRynaTb pa^ca^y y coc'bAett, JM^O 

BOAHTeJIbHO XpaTHTb BpeMfl. 06bIRHOBeHHO, nORa B'b OAHOft 

paruHBaiOTb paaca^y, BT ^pyroft pasBOAflTb cajrarb, a 3a rbMi., 
nocn*eTb paaca/ta, p'b o6*HX'b Ten.iHuaxT* BbicajRHBaiO'rb orypi^bi, 
fio^-he Aoporoe pacTenie. B'b B^^;^y cRaaaHHaro pacxoA'b na 
HOB o53aBeAeHie Heo6xoAHMo yABonxb, T. e. OHI Sy/jerb OTT' 180 py6. 

170 py6. 'i .t'*!^ i^ ^'^ ''- i'-'i^ti<^-i';^^ 7 



^ caiK. ujBbipROBbix'h AppBT. Ha RaHCAyio iieMb T/uiH Ha 2 
;nem 20 fcaatCHb 'no 2 p. 50 K.,.^^,,,^, ,... .. ^^^^.n^. ,..n: ^^ P- 
no 5 O. Ha 



TO. Ha c'feMeHa, npoB03i> TOBapa , 

H T. . .,. .*. 



*ii'if*^ 90 p: 

. /^ ir^y^^^ 

Toro, ec,iH renjiHHHiiR'b He weJiaerb npoAaTb CBofl 
Ha MtcTt HJiH TKC BT* F. KjiHHy, TO ejiy HeofixoAHMO eme . 

Ha npOB03T> TOBapa AO C.-IleTepOypra CT* ynaROBRoft 20 p 
o ROMMHCcioHepy 3a 

127 pyCaett. 

we on'b BajoBaro AOXoAy OTT. 2-x'b Tenjiii;t 2000 
), ROTopbie 6yAyTi> iipOAaiibi BI> 0.*neTep6yprb He A^QieBJiie 12 
aa coTHK)^ T. e. ea 240 py6., 5o6oBrb H caiary He Men'be Kar 
py6. orb RaxAoft TeojiHuia, Bcero, cxtAOBaxejbHO, OHI* Bbipy<niT% 

, a 3a HCKJioHeeieM'b pacxoAOBii eny ocTaHetca 213 py6jett, 
3aKjiuHaTbeff uoBBarpaxAenie BaeMHaro 

3a iixi> 5 
apH6ujib. Tiajiif'iiiMtt apOMUce 

Xb GapuineJI. TO, BO BCIIKIMCII 
BuroABoe noAcnopbe 



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HKOHOnMGHbI n P IW W C E 71 1 



DpoMbicejii> pasBHJCH B'b cj'bAyion^HX'b ceMH ceieHiiixi> 
3anoHOpCRott BOJOCTH. BoropOACKaro ybSAa* AHi;n<i>epOBlj, HKOBjeBCROU'^ 
KocTHH'b, ^aBUAOB'b, JiBxoB'b H B'b Fopaxi). IIo pa3CRa3aMi> 
OHi> BOBHHR'b BA^CB OROJO 150 j-bTb TOMy HaaaAii. ITep- 



, o6y4HBiniftcH HROHonHcaBiio B'b HoBropOAl>, TA* H3ApeBj[e 
BTorb npOMi.iceJi'b, H AjieRC'Ibfi AeaHaci>eB'b(Rp. Toti we 

UpieMbl BROHOnHCaRifl B'b MOCROBCKOft MaCTepCROfi. Oxit BTHX'B 

MacTepOB-b-Rycxapeil npoMbiceJi'b acnoAOBOJib pacnpocxpaBHjicfl 
no o3Ha*ieHBbiM'b coc'bABBM'b cejeBlBH'b. B'b Hacxoflo^eeBpeMfl rjiaBHuu-b 
cpeAOTo^ieMi) RROHonRCB flBjflexcfl A^p^BRfl >HKOBjeBCRaH. Do Bbime* 
o3RaHeBRbiM'b A^p^BRaMi) RROHonRCi^bi pacnpeA'^JfliOTCfl xaR'b: B'b AHUU- 

I 22 ^leJIOB^Ra, B'b flROBJiefiCROfi 28 HeJIOB^Rl>, B'b KOCXHB^ 5 
r, B'b JIflXOB'b 2, B'b /taBLIAOB* 8, B'b FopaX-b 4 HCJIOB'bRa. 

MliCxoMii AJiH R3roTOBJieHifl HROH'b ciyiRHX'b o6biRBOBeBBO xaace B36a, 

B caM'b XO3flBH'b CO CBOeiO CeMbeiO, H XOJIbRO B'b XOM% 

npoMbicejii) no CBOBM'b paBMl^paMi) npesbiinae'Tb CBJIU 
[, H Tpe6yexi> HaeMBbix'b cBJ'b, OXBOABXCU oco6oe noM'buteBie, BI 
Be oxJiR<iaK)ii;eecH uxi> RpecxbuacRott B36u. FJABBLIMI* 
oo^iTH eAHBCxBeHBbiM'b opyAieMi) DpoB3BOACXBa flBjaexcfl KBCxb. Kpo- 
RBCTH ynoxpe6AfleTCfl en;e nrja, BCxaBJieuaaH B'b A^peBO, AJifl Buqep- 
ROBTVpa Ba AOCR'b. xaR'b Ba3biBaeMafl wa^bn. IIpB rpyBTOBR'b 

f r ^ *^ f f 9 

vnoxpeCiieTCH wnamtAh. xo-ecxb nexbipexii yrojibBan Aome^Ra. RO- 

I ' * ' 

TOpoK) npexHMaK>xi> rpyBXCBRy R'b AOCRl), K, BaROBeAi>, HaxoAHxi> ce():b 
'HpflM'bBeBie TaR'b HaabiBaeMaa nac/bmia, xo-ecxb cxa^bBaa najioHRa Be- 

TOpott noipbiTb xoBRBMB BixpBxaMi BAOJIb B oooepeR'b;8TotBact4Rott 6bioxi 
BO AocK'b BOFAA OBa yve noRpbira 3OiOTOM'b, ornero noaojo^eBBaa no- 

vjv ,;/r{<>Jt VI- '*'JW-i. ''!' H .^U f Ki'i'fi''} I ! - *,.;* 



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pa3JH4iiuxi:> yaopoiTb Ha T'bx'b MtCTaxii noaojto^eHHoft AOCRH, RO- 
ocTBiOTCfl CBo6oAHbiMH OTb pHcyHxa. Bc^ ocxajbBue 
ynoTpe5ifleiibie npH HKOHonncH, Karb TO: AOCRH, KpacKH, ojHa, 
Boe 30JIOTO, cocTaBJiflfOTb cupoft MaxepiajHk nponaeoACTua. 



npH HROHOOHCH, A'BJiaiOTca H31> 

n RHnapHca. KHnapnci) o*ieBb A0pori>, orb 10 H Coju'Jbe Ron. 3a 

TaiiT* HTO OB'b ynoTpeojaexca B'b HCRjnoHHTCJihBbix'b cjiyiaaxi), 

Hiio 3aRa3HHRa o6pa3a. JlHnoBbia nre n oJibxoBbia AOCRH pacnpccTpaHeebi 

CHJbBO, H31> BHX1> JIHHOBbia CHHTaiOTCa jyHniHMH, TftRb RaRl> OBt MflF- 

Me H Jiynme A^P'^^^'Tb Ba ceO'b rpyHTOBRy. J^jia dTHXi> i^'kiefi MOPJIH 
jiaTi>cn H ocHHOBbia AOCRH, BO ocHBa CHtiTaeTca 
Ba ocBOBaBiHnpeAauia, HTO Ha oenn-b lyAa noB^bcHJica. 

6biBaK)TT> Tpexi> pOAOBi>: caMbia Majbia 4 

BepniRa, cpoAHia 8 BepniROBi* A^OHHU H 7 BepinROBi* inHpHHbi, H 

Uliu 12 RBaAp. BepOIROB^. /I^OCRH aTH 06bIRHOBeHBO 3aRa3bIBaK)TCa M^CTf 

HbiMi> njioTBHRaMi), ROTOpbie oepyTii 3a Majbia no 5 Ron., cpeAnia 20 R. 

H 6oji>Hiia 40 Kon. MacTepCRia Hce Be npio6p1}Taiorb AOCOKI* Ha 

a noRynaioTi) HXI Ba apuapK'b BI> c. EropbeBCROMi*, Pa3aBCRoft ry6., 

JIblMH BO3aMH OTl) 100 AO 150 HITyKl), npHHeMl> AOCKH OOXOAaTCa 

5 Ron. A^meBjie H'bM'b 3aRa3Hua. rpynTOBRottBa3biBaeTca c.\ibcb Rjiea ci 
M'bJioMi> H oji]iiK)ii pa3JiHHHoft pycTOTbi; eio noKpbiBaiorb AOCRH. KHCTH 
ynoTpe6jidH)Tca HCRJiioHHTejibHO CA'bJiaHBLia nz'b O'bJiaHbaro xBocTa, RaRb 
HaHCoJilie MarRia H npoHBbia: cToan. OB'b caMbia MCJRia no 10 Ron., 

\ I ' 

a RpynBbia no 30 Ron. H cjiy^arb i^bjibiii roAi>. PHcyH(>Ri> CTOHTI> 15 R.; 
OB'b noRynacTCfl B'b MocRBib, IIJIH A'^-'i^eTca cauHMH HROBonucutaMH iH 
>, HOO ero MoncHO BcerAa oepeBecTH Ba HOBuiijHCTb 
dTOTi> A'bJiaeica TaR'b: RorAa pHcyBOK'b CBeAeBi> Ha AOCRy H 
rpa<i>bett, ero aaTHpaiorb Ba AOCR'b yrjieMii. Vrojib 
Bi 6opo3ARH, oopa3OBaHHbia rpa<i>befi, H ecjH Teaepb HaJiosHTb 

GyMRTH Ba AOCRy H TepeTb ero ci> BepxBeii CTOpoHbi, TO ea 
Apyrofi ero CTOpOH'b nojyqaeTca pHcyHORii. KpacBH, ynoTpeOjiaeMbia npH 
UROHonncH pa3JiHHHu; Tyrb HMbiorb M-bCTo: Boxpa, RapMHH-b, RHHOBapb^ 
6epJiHBCRaa Jia3ypb, nUBett^ypTCRaa 3ejeHb^ dbJHJia, yM6pa. Bcbx'b STHX'b 
RpacoK-b TpeOyeTCa B'b TeneBiH roAa BeGoJbinoe cpaBHHTeJibHO Ro.ui<ie* 
CTBO H noRynaioTca OHt B'b MbcTHMx-b jaBOHRax-b. KHHOBapb 
2 p. 40 R. *yHrb, RapMHHi. 20 K 1 30jiOTHHK'b, BOX pa 20 R. 
(itJHJia '25 R. otyBrb, jiaaypb 1 p. 92 R. yBTb, uiBeti^ypTCKaa 

I'/* K* i 3OJIOTHHR1>. yMOpa 20 M. YRrb. OjINtDoA BaSblBaeTCil CM'bCb 

' ' I V 

BapeBaro KOBOOJiaBHaro HJH jibHaHaro Maeja ci* 6'bjiHiaMK^, cypHKOin* 
QHJibCeprjeTOM'b; yQOTpe()iaeTca ojiia A'R noRpuTia AOCRH oepeAi* rpyn* 
H eio nte ooRpuBAKyr-b HirorAa f ve roTOBbiM odpaa-b. IIoKyaaeTca 

B'b MbCTHUJLIi 4(inKaX% BO 8^ K. Wif% II4II W0 IPttTCNIMTCa Ha AOMy, 

BO oOxoAOTofl TaRaa O4i*a He A^iH^iue Boiytiuoil. CyrajhiihiM'b aojio- 



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- 85 

cepe6pOMi noBphiiiaiOTi* AOCKK uocjA rpyaTOBKi; ooiynaiOTCi 
onv nBXKaMH ua U^CT^, 3040TO oo 3 p. 25 ROII., a cepe6po no BO B. 

ynoTpeOaaeMiatt npH HKOHOUHCH, aaRynaeTca y 
TOproBueo'b H TOJBKO BT pl^ARVxik caynaax-b^ npn iiota^R-b BT> 
BKOHonHcem oxTy^a DpHBOSHTb ByvBbifi ce61^ 
nocji1^0BaT(;jibHiiiftxoA'inpoH3BOACTBaTaROBi>: 

, 3aTbMi> rpyHTyioTb. FpyHTOBRa RjaAercii 4 paaa; 
aarbMi* Bce ryme H ryme, nocji^AHHa rpynTOBRa pacTnpaeTca 
ooqjiccROCTH AOCRH mnaxeJieii'b, nocTaB.7eHHbiMi> 

mnaTejieM'b 
Ri> eeuy. 

HTo6bI 



RT 

B'b nep 
RI> loc 




KaHfAaro pasa rpyHTOBRH AOCRH npocymiiBaeTca. Kor^a 
oROHMeHa H :tocKa Bucoxja, TO ee uojinpyiorb, cocRpaCwBaa 

HepOBHOCTH rpyHTOBKH H SHTHpaa HXT. HJIH HDCTOft BOAOti HJH 

pacTBopoMT> Koaca. Do oROHHaHiM nojippOBKH Aocny 
cepe6pOMT> HJH 30JioTOMT>, cMOTpa no aaRaay, H ecjin 
cepeCpoMTi, TO CBepx'b ero noKpbiBaiOT'b cnHpTOBbiM'h jaRoan*, OTHcro ce- 
peGpo npHHHMaeTT* HfCJiTbiii i^sirb H Ba BHAT* Ka7KeTCH,MTO AOCKR no30- 
jioqena. IJocji* cepeGpenia HJIH aojoHenia EH AOCRy CBOAHT-B pncyHOH'b 
CJ4AyK)ii;Hsn>o6pa30M'b. PacyHOK'bC'b HHHcnett CTOpoHu no CBoeaiy KOHxypy 
yrjCM'b, HaRJuaAUBaeTca axoft CTOpoHoft na AOCKy H OTTHCRH- 
a ecJH STO Tpa<iapeTT>, (npnnapxH), TO npnMo HaKjaAUBaeTca na 
H no Bepxiieft CBoeft CTOpOH* HHTHpaexca yraJLEUMTj nopouiKoarb, 
Bi. TpflnoMKy. KorAH pHcyHOR'b cBeA^HT), TO rpa<i>Lett 06- 
ROHTyp-b MToSu cAtJiaTb ero HaHCojte aacTBeHUbiM^. Do* 
Bc^xi> &THxi> onf pBuitt BaMHBaeTca pacRpamiiBaHie. /(ocRa ci> 
K)iii.HMCH Ha HeA pncyBKOM'b RjiaACTca BI> 

14 Bi) RBHAp. H 1 BepmoRii BbicoTOK), noBepxi) 

Ha ROTopoti noM'lbn;aeTca opaBafl pyKa HKOHODHt^ua, a 

.HR'b, ccjH OH'b jentHTk. y Hero HR Roj'bHax'b, HJH oaa 
ocTaeTca CBoCoAHoft. PacRpaHiHBaHie HaHHBaexca cit 6oj'be RpyoHbixi* 
^acTett H OAHOUB'bxHbix'b, RaKi> HanpHM'bp'b, njBXbe; nocj'b Bcero npH- 
CTynaiox-b R-h pacRpaiuHBaHiio JHRH H pyR'h. B'b yuoxje6.ieHiH 
pOBHo R8K'h H B'b upHAaHJH xofl H.iH Apyrott no3bi H3o6paH;ueMOMy 
TOny, B^b xoM'b ajyiat, ecjH He Hwhexcu roxonaro pncyHRa, 
Byioxca CBuxuaMH^ HexuMHHeefi H RHHrott HaauBaeBioft IIOAJHHHHROMI>, 
Koxopafl HHUMHaexca aj<i>aBiixoM'h HMeu'b H BI* Roxopoti MO<KHO Haftxn o6i>- 
acHeHie A<ia KunrAaro CBuxaro. TaRi^ iipo HHROjan 4yAoxBopUH B'b aett 
CBa3aHo: ccliA'b, 6paAa He BejHRa, KypnaBaxii, n.iliiiiiiii'h, paaa Garop'b, 
BT A'bBoft pyR* eBHHrejie, npaBoio 6jHrocjoBjaexT.>. Cnopocxb pnuoxbi 
aaBacuxi oxi> HHCja JHKOBII Ha oopasli. O6pa3a-cdKNoir, KHRT, Haiip. 
CoacHxejb, HHRoaafi HyAOXBOpeu'b H T. n. nHinyxca ABH AHa. O6pa3a 
se 

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V* nejc^ML, Tarb RaRi irb HHXI o^enb ilHoro uejo^tttoft pa* 
6oTid; qaeto npnxoAMTCH nepexltHjiTii RpacKH. 

' ' HROHonHCHoe npomBOACTBO npirnaXJieani'rb KI> iiicjiy tfei^Hzi np^ 
to3BOACTBi>, 4TO cpa3y 5pocHeTca BI rjiaaa npH conocraBJieHiti HHCjra np6- 

|fhlUIJieHHUXl eAHRBUl* Cl HnCJIOaCb SaHXTUX'b BTIirb npOHBBOACTBOirb 

^>. Odmee MMCJO npoMuuuieHHbix'b e;(HHHai 82, a IHCJIO pyrb aa- 

DpOMUCJlOMl 71, TO eCTb, Ha RaAUft AOMl), SaHHTblft &TRirb 

HxoAHTCfl 2,2 pa6o4Hxi>. dta THnnHHaa <opBta npoii3BOA* 
CTBa yAepHCHBaexcfl BO HHornxi> qac'^HUx'b CJiyvaax'b, H yRjioHeHifl e 
4aii;e BT CTopony MeaLUiaro HHCja saHiiTEJX'b npoirbicjioic^ 
CTopOHy 6ojii>maro ii HMterca TOJibRO OAHHI* cjiynaft Ma- 

9 a504HMH II31> ROHX'b 7 



TaRaa acejiKaa otopsia npOH3BOACTBa no3BOJiaeT'b o5xoAHTca 6e3ik 
ApyrHX'b JLUU'b, orb 4ero BC'b HROHonHci^bi aBJiaiOTCfl 
npeAnpHHHMaTeJiaMH; exoMy noMoraeTi> H TO oG- 
cxoaxeJbcxBO, 4x0 B'b CojbUiHHCXB'b cjiy4aeB'b paSoxa npOH3BOAHTc& 
no 3aRa3y Ha M'bcx'B, TO ecxb, ApyrHMn cjiOBaHH, MtCTa npoH3BOACTBa 

toxotf'b cobixa. B'b CHjy xoM ;Ke MeJROXbi npoH3BOACTBa 
oouepmeHHO oxcyrcxByerb, xoxu no cymecxBy CBoeMy 
lipoii3BOACXBO dxo He HCKJuoqaerb B03Mu7RHOcxH pa3A'l^JieHia xpyAa, H6o xaarb, 
9X0 B033fio/KHo, OHO Gojilse HJi^ MeH'be npoaBjiaexca. TaRi> B'b 

Mopo30Ba 
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H pyR'b, Apyrie pacKpamHBaiorb xojbRo OACWAy xpexbH 
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saerb co6ok) 

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pa6o4ie TpyAxca mn'^jLbuo^ nojy- 

no 20 R. 0X1) KaHCAaro JiHua H aa RaatAyH) OAewAy, Ha xo3aflcRix'b 
ECJIH we xo3aHHi> oAHHORifi, ecjiH OH'b He HBfJberb ApyrHX'b no- 
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r i ^ 

no 5 p. Bit M'bcau'b H A^Baa xapHH, npH4eM'b nncbxeHHbix'b ycjio- 
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'* VA ' 7 V i 

ojiOHieHie 4jeHa ceMbR H He oxHa3biBaeTca orb cejibCRO* 

B'b ORpyrt He MHOTO, OHH Cojbmeio 4acThK> BCTpl)4aiOTca B'b 
rb, paooxaa naA'^JibHO. nepexoAarb orb. OABOPO xo- 
aainia RI. Apyrowy. Ka/KAMft i>a6o4itt B'b xe^ieHiH roAa nBmerb no 150 
nnoB'b oOuHOHCfCf. cpeAHaro paavlipti. lIpOA(>j;KHxeJibRocxb pa6o4aro Bp0% 

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-Caaapi. TaK'b no BTOpiiHRaM'b Oaaapij B-b ccjit CxenypHHli 3youiOBCKaro 
y*3Aa, TeepCKoft ry6.. OTCToameM'h OT* Fopij BT> 18 BepcxaxT.; no cpe- 
-AaM-b BT> CepeA'h CTpaTHjaxcKoft. CepeAHRCKott BOJOCTH, 
y*3Aa, OTCToaiu,ett Ha 30 BepCTT>; no lejBepraM'b BT> ceji 

lia^a, TnepcKoft ry5 , no naTHHuaMT> B'b cej'li 
BOjiocTH. IJoJiOKOJiaMCKaro ybSAH, B'b paacToaniH 20 

no cy6(5oTaM'b Bb ceji'b llHainROBi} lIjiocKOBCKOJi BOJOCTU, BOJIOROJIAM- 
CKaro ybSAa, OTcroameMb ox'b Topi* na 5 Bepcn*; no BocKpeccHbaM'b 
BT ce.i* JIotoniMirh CrapnuKaro y1^3Aa. TuepcKoft ryOepniH. Be* BTH 6- 
aapbi, iipiyponeHHwe K'b Haii6o.i1ie KuynnuM'b ceiibCKMMT> nyHKTMsrb, OTJIH- 
*iaK)Tca CBoeM) MHorojriOAHocTbH) H iioToaiy np^ACTaBjiaiorb onenb 

c6biTH Bajia4HnROMi cBoero TOBapa. 
B'b npOBfbicJil) oobiRHOBeHHO npHHHMaioin> y^nctie 

3aHaTbi ncKJioiHTe^bBO neneHienrb 

a Myii^iiHa pa3B03UTb nxi no 6a3apaM'b, BeAerb c^lerb npuOujiH R aa- 
KynfiH cbiparo Maxepbaja. 4x0 Kacaexca caMaro nponaBOACTBa Bajtaiett^ 
O BT oOn^MXTi MepTax-b OHO cjlJAyioiAee: HaKaHyat 6a3apa, BT 8 qacoei 
yrpa, KaiaMHHKOMi) cTaBHTca T-^CTO oobiRaoBCHHbiM'b MSHepOM'b, TO 
OAa TeMnepaxypbi napHaro MOioKa, B35ajiTbiBaeTca cit on 

ROJHMeCTBOMl> ApOHCXeft H BblJHBaeTCfl B'b RaAyUIKy C-b BOAOK), 

nocTeneHno HacbinaeTci H ByxrHoe ROJH^iecTBO Hyvn; aarbMi ece 
iTo DOMtuiHBaeTC&porarKOiD, noRa He npuiierb BiiAa OAHOpoAHott 
Ji CTSBHTCH BT TCDioe iiftCTO. Hacy BT> oepBOMi AHH T*cTO 



92 



TO 



ero Mtcflrb HJH pacTHpaiorb pyEaMu; ary nocjIiAHioio pa6oTy 

SarbMi*, ecjH STO o5iiiKHOBeHHiiift CHTButt 
rbcTO Rjaxyrb Bi) OCHHOBUH BUAoafijeHHbifl 
OKOJio lO . oeneHaro xjtGa, HJH A'^jaiorb ni'bTyuiRH 4 sep. 
H 3 BepuiRa mnpHHOio. [UtTymRH STH A'^'iaioxcfl TaRHifb o(^pa- 
aoMi>: ceaqaja npHroxoBjaiorb nA^bTyuiRH, HJH BHTKH Bi) AB'b npa^H, a. 
aarbMi) BTH BHTRH coeAHuaioTb no 6 Bii pflAi*, HTO co6cTBeHHO H eaabi- 
Baexcfl nAtbmymKou\ HJIH Hie npHAaiorb x'^cxy 4>opMy JOARH ci) pa3p'k30M'&. 
xaRoe neneuie nojiy4aexi> HaaBanie rm^xxNVKa, RJH Hce, aaKO- 
, sajiHiorh coBcpmeHHo KpyrjbiA RpeBAejib BT>,I BepuioR'b TOJIII^HHOK) 
oxBepcxicMi> Bi> ueuxp'b xaRoro paau'lbpaf ^fo MOHCHO npocynyxb na- 
; xaRoe neneHie nasiiiBaexcfl i:aAa6yMKoii. IIo M'j^p'b 

axHxi> neieiiitt, OHU CTaBHxcti na no.iKH, noKa ne Hcxonuxcfl 
flem. KHjaMHHRa no cBoewy ycxpoftcxBy Him1iui> ne oxjiwHaexca ox'b 



j]OBeHHoti 
KpecxbflBCKHfl 
B'b I'Vi apui., 
BByxpH H 2*/4 
4 H 5 



KHKI> ne4b 






Hxi> 



Cojbine. 

Bnyxpn BI> 2 apiuHBa, a mnpuBOio. ^ 
2Vi apiiiHBa A^^HBU;;:^ 
ET ne4b Rjl^xRajvin BI> 
neHb Hcxonaxca H xesinepaxypa ea 

xo Ha^HBaexca caMaa 
neneHia ea jonaxy, a jpyraa cnnxH- 
jonaxhi B-b ne^b. riepBUMW nocxynaioxb B-b nenb 

nnpuHfRfi, KajaoyniRii H RorAa OHH caeRyxca, a 
8XO TpeOyexca 5 10 MHHyxi>, &!> ne^b HamiBaioti* ca^^Kaxb cuxHbitt 
BbiHyxoe HBT. neMH ne'icaie pacRJiaAbiBaiox-b no nojiRaM'b, a RorAa OBO* 

ero yKJiaAbiBaioxx BT. xejitry H noRpbiBaiox'h A^pior^io. 
3HMOK) xe HOBii ci> KHJia^aMn yRyxbiBaexca BoftjioKOMi>. dxHMik H 

nepBaa nacxb xpy^a Raja^iHiiRa, xo ecxb, ae^ieuie 

xjilJ6oBi. Ha-b npcATbHAyuiaro BHAHO, 4xo xaKoft xjiiGoneRi* BI> cxporoin*. 
cnucji'ti cjoBa Be MOH\-ex'b ouxb BaaBaHi) KajiaMBiiROMi>, xaRi* RaK^b OHI>. 
BOBce Be opoH'jBOAHrb xji'koa, 3a RoxopbiMi^ ooiuenpHBaxo 
Ha3BaBie Ra;iaqa. HO T^yn^ Be MeH'be. M'^cxBoe BacejieBie 
xji'b6oneKaM'b, a noxoMy H MM Be3A'1^ cxapaeMca 
ajaHBHRi), n Be BBOAHMI> BOBaro xepMUBa, xoxa 6bi H 
uaro. Hxopaa Macxb xpyAa KajiaMBHRa., TO ecxb, pacnpoAaaca ueneBba 
BepuiaexcH yiKe ua Gaaap'b. ^ocxHrByui* Caaapa ii oGjK)OOBaBi> 

KOJeCl) 

oxHero nocj'bAHaH npHBKJuuexii BaRjioBBoe nojOTReBie, <i'bMi> 
cxaBJiaexca 6oj'be yAOOButt Aocxyn-b RI> RajanaM-b uoRynaxeJiaMi*. Bi. 
we AOWAB, uOHBaiuxi* Bii $ie>uio c'b nepeAa M caaAa Teji1>rH 

a^yrb nopeRjaAHBy, a 
xo-iCTHBa, Roxupaa oepeui' 
y opcix^BoaojioiKBofi cxo*- 



9x0 



BucoRouy KOjy, BH Roxopbie 
M3it rpaAOKi> leitni 
AUBaexca HeoQj* neeRJAAUuy H 



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najiaTRH, HTO oneHb xopoino 
TOxe Bpeicfl ne npenflTCTByerh irb HHM'b 
RajaqH HaxoAnTca !> aaeHcnMocTH OTb copra vyRH MS-b ROT 

fl B'bca pasMl^pOBT* nxii. CfiTHuii xji-bC-b neneTCH 
nepBaro n BTOparo copTOB-b nyRn H npOAaercH no 

KaKi* BbipantaiOTCfl KajiaMHnRH: 3a oyerb uepsaro copxa 11 
^a BTOparo 7 Ron. CJH Ha 6a3ap'1b He yaacTca pacnpo^arb Bctxi. Haro- 
OBJieHHbix'b Raianeii^ TO nxi) paaBoaarb no A^pCBHHM'b no oROHqaeiK 
Oaaapa, npn neMi* ul^ua daaHRTejibHO noHH*'KacTCi, TaK'b Hanpnu'bp'b, Tit 
MTO CToarb 5 ROD., oT^awTb no 3 Ron., a HST* BTOparo H TpcTbiiro 
ea 10 Kon.no 7 niTyRi*, CToron^HX-b iia Gaaap'b no 2 Ron* 



RaJiaHH CHJbHO aacbixaiOTb. BHMOIO ^-e HepacnpoAaHHbie RajiaMH, yate 
saMepmie, paaorp-bBaiorb, H npOAaioT-b Ha cji*AyK)n^eMT> daaapli, 
KT> TkRHMi) npieMaani npMXOAHTca npnOtraTb BnpoqeM 

TOproBn.aH'b, HeAaBBo npMHflbniHHCfl aa npoMbiceJiii. Ora* 
we AABHo 3aeHMaK)ii;ieca ToproBjeft KajiaiaMH, HacTOJibRO npHrjia- 
6a3apaMi H cnpocy Ha CBott TOBapT>, HTO noHTu 6e30uiH6oiiio 
-3aroTOOjiflK>TT> nyHCHoe ROjinqecTBO. TaRi ea 6a3ap'b !> HBanjKOB'b BT* 
H 3HMnee Bpesia TpaTarb no '/i MtmRa RaTRAaro copra, B'b flpo- 
, CrenypHHlj, JIoTOUiHHV no M*mRy RajKAaro copra. Ki. CepeA* 
Vj wbuiRa nepBaro copra H no M-bmRy AByx'b ocrajibHuxi cop- 
TOBT>. BT* YabflHOBCRoe no MtinRy nepBaro copra H no Vi M*niRa 
pTf^Bi). B'b FOAOBbie npp3ABH4Bbie 6a3apbi 9ra nponopiiia 
TaRT> 24-ro iiOHH BT> c. PasieBbe: Ha /^ecaryIO narBHuy, BT> Hpo- 
nojieui> H IloropftjOBo (3y6i^oBCRaro y*3Aa, TBepcRott ry6.)i aBrycra 6 
JIorainHBo, aBrycra 15-ro BTJ YjbaHOBCRoe, cenraSpa 8-ro BT* OCH- 
MOHacrbipb (40 Bepcrb), ceHta5pa 15 ro BT> c. KajiHUbiBO (Crapnii- 
TBepcRoft ry6.) Be3yrT> orb I'/, AO 2 MilUROB'b Bdbfb cop- 



^ '^ Hro Racaerca Bbiroj^b, ttoropua npeAcraBjiaerb 
TO oB-b MoryTi> 6birb onpeA'bJieBbi npn cj1^AyH>mHXi 
*Bi> narb nyAOB-b nepnaro copra croim* 19 p. 50 R., Mai* Bcro 
600 aBpoacROBi); M-bmoRi) Broparo copra cronrb 13 p. 50 R., nai* Hero 
bixoAiin 350 mryKi> no 5 Ron., BJH 850 inryRi no 2 Kon. MtiuiOR^ 
Tperbaro copra MyRH croirrb 10 p. 50 R., a HaT Ber6 BbixoAHTb 270 mr. 
no 5 ROn., BiH 650 mryRi no 2 Ron. Tenepb noCMorpHVb RaRyio Bbirojiy 
RajaMBBRi* on> u^uiRa RajKAaro copra MyRH. Ha MlinioRi} uyn 
BapacxoAOBarb: ' ' " ' .. r, .-. , ., , ..... . .^ ,. 

APOB* V. ca. V^ ^;<'',"l* r^'""-;"':^^-'"" id' 

"' " -''''' MyH I copTa Ba. '."'".' 'v^ . ";"-.'' 19^ p';'' 50 
c-tr>i.7i TT M ,, 'i^rAf^t^-t ,rr">ii;.-i.'i-*';-"w\ 

oxwefl ' ' ^^ 



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TT M ,, '^^ ,.-.' 

Jpoxwefl cyxHxi '/i ...'.. 
* ^ ' >? 

1*. 



500 naposKOFb no 5 xon., HTO cocTaBiaeTb 25 

4 p. 78 Ron. CJH uyRa Bxaparo copia, 
pacxoA'b ua x'buioRi. cocT^^BHTb 14 p. 22 KOU., a npHxoAi> 350 ioTyRi> 
no 5 Ron., ^To paBHO 17 p. 50 Kon.,HJH 850 niT. no 2 Ron., HTO cocTa- 
BMTb 17 p., npH leMT* npHCbiJib npocTijpaeTca on> 2 p. 78 Rpn. AO 3 p. 
28 Ron. Pacj-OfCb Ha M'&moR'b MyRu ipeTtaro copTa cocxaBjaerb 11 p 
22 Ron.^ a AuxoAi) 270 IUT. no 5 Ron., ^ITO paBHuexca 13 p. 50 Ron., 
H.1H 650 mxyRi^ no 2 Ron., Bcero na cyMMy l3 p. IIpu nocm'ibAHeM'b ycjioeia 
opii6tdjb oxT> M'bniRa 6yAexT> OTT* I p. 78 ROD. ii AO 2 p. 28 KOII. II TaRT, 
npHroxoBJiaa Rajiann H3i> Bcl^xii xpexii copxoBi* MyRH, 
QTb Bi) nepBOMi> cjyiat 4 p. 78 ROQ. Ha Ml^moK'b, BO 
2 p. 78.Kon. AO 3 p. 28 Ron.;^jBj xpexbCMi OXT> 1 p. 78 Kon. 
:i.jp. 28 Ron. ":'^ . 

^xoro nepeieHH npnoujie^, nojiyqaeMbixi} RajiaHHUROM'b npH 

Raji9.qefi na'b pasHbixi) copTOBii MyKii, BHAUMO, mo 
EBjHexca neMCHie M3i> nepBaro copxa, a noxoMy 

Bauuo.iLl>e p^nioHajibHUMi) co ^xopOHbi Kaja^HHRa orpaHHmixbca n3ro 
TonjieBJeM'b Rajianeii H3'b nepBaro copxa MyEH; uo pa3HOo6pa3i^ nK 
DoxpeOHxeJiett H x]^e6oBaHic HaHooj'l^e Acuieebix'b u B'b XOJKC epeMH 

Rajiaqett, OAHUMII C.IOBOM'L, ycjOBia cnpoca BbiHyjKAaiOTT> Ra- 

H3rOXOBJiaXb CBOH, npOH3BeAeHia H3T> BCliXT* XpeXTi COpXOB'lb 

a noxoMY, roBOpa o npudbiJiH Rajia^iHURa ci> M'J^iuRa iiyRH, Heo6xo- 
MliXb B'b BHAy JBnib cpe;^HK)M) BcliX'b Bunieo3Ha4eHHbixi> 
4TO cocxaBHxi) 2 p. 95 Kon. TaROBa npHOLiJib RajaMUHRa orb 

HO BI 8xoxi> pa3C4exi> He Boniju H3AepKtf Ha npOB03i> 
6a3apa, a n3AepxcRH BXH pa3JiHHHbi B-b ^aBucHaiocxif oxi) paa- 
cxoaHia AO daaapa, H o^biRHOBeHHO npocxapaioxpa oH 1 p. AO 2 p ., 
MTO qHCTott BbipyHKH RajiaH^uR'b HMlierh Hc 6oj^e 1 p. 07^1) 
Bbime 6uJiO yRa3aBo RaRoe ROjHqecxBo MyRii xpaxniT'ca 
f(JLti KUKA^ro 6a3apa, ecJiH cjoTRiixb BXH AaHHbia 3a 
xo ORa3biBaexca, MXO Raja^HMKi) paexoAyexi> sa axo Bpeua no 5> 
copxa, a AOXOAi) ^ro BbipaTKaexca cyMifOK) BI* 15 p. 
He OAHaaROQO cHibHO yBRi;ioHiipyK>xi> BI> xeneHiii roAa; 



OWHBJieHeAI'b OHH OXJUHaiOXCH 3HMOK), U HaHMeHbUIUMli 



B'b oCn^eHik e B^ xeneHiH roAa MOIRHO c4Hxaxb inecxb 6a3apHbix'b. 
orb oRxa6pa no anplijib M'^cii^'b^xo ecxt, 26 HeAl^Jb, a noxoMy 
BupyvEa R^JKA^^I'O Raja^oHRa oxi oCuRHOBeHHuxi*, 
TaKi> CRa3aTb, 6a3apOB3> cocxaBaaexi) 390 py6., RpoM'b xoro 
xoAii oxi npa3AHH4BUX'b Oa3apoBi, <txo Aaerb eiiy 
30 p., xavb HTO B'b oCni^eM cjomHocxH Bi> 
KajiaHHRKa 3apa6aTHBaexii 420 pyfiiett. , , e - 

* ' *\.t*Af. _ -d^*'^* 

OnpeAl^ai ^BCTbift AoxoAii Kajaiama, nu coo6a^ajii ,p foirb, 
9Toxi> Aoxox'b apexcTaRjiierfc cpexBioio ^104011% ov^ 
copra Myra, TURI* Kiii'b'pacxoA'v npi 




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- 95 



. Bi* CRJIJ droro me o6cTOflTejibCTBa H I^IHHOCT& 
iaeMaro npo^yKra npeACTaBjaerb cpeAHee H3i CTOHMOCTV 
ero H3i> Bctxit copTOBi) MyxH njiocit xorb ^apuniY; KOTOputt 
KaiaiHHKi*. Harb npe/n>HAyii^aro BHXHO, HTO CTOHMOc 
jaqeft H3i> pauHqHbix'b copTOBi> MyRn xaKOBa: HSi^DepBaro copra ona 
paBHa 20 p. 22 ROD., nai^ BTOparo copxa ona o6x.ojmc.a. BI> 14 p. 22 Kon., 
nai) Tpexbflro copra BI> 11 p. 22 Ron., BI* cpeAHCM'bv BTO 
15 p. 22 Ron. Ha ifbinoRi MyRH, a npH5iiiJi>, nojiyiaeM^H 

MyRH, paBHa 2 p. 95 Ron.; noaTOMy cpeAHfla^'bHHOCTb npo- 
H3Bj[eRaeMaro ni^'b OAHOFO ifibinRa MyRH, paBHa 
TaRi> RaRi> Bi) roAi* Raja^HHRaMb TpaTHTCH AO 420 M'^IUROBI* 
roAOBafl i^'bHHOCTb npoHSBeACHHaro npoAyRxa BLipaaHTca cynMOio 
7530 p. 40 Ron. YiiHoiReHieMi) dToro nocj^AHaro <iHCJia Ha 20, ^TO BU- 
paxaerb 006010 ROJiHqecTBO ABOpOBi* RajiaMHHROBi>, (7530x20=>150600 p.) 
H onpeA'bJifleTca oCu^aa roAOBaa i^'bHHOCTb npoH3BOACTBa Rajia4ett. 

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lHHoCfliiiHXTi cMy tf6l6osifl*tfB^K) ttbibay/ AJa Toro 
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cepHqecRHBii> BJiuHiaafb. A'^^ctByiou^HM-b Ha iree, Kan-b H na 
aHBOTHaro ' OpraBii^Mfi) padpyinkioiuttMl* oGpaao 
i^ RO/^t tania Ka^e^TBa, npii KOT6puxi> 
6U CBoeMy HaaHa^oHiio, cbctbaii^eB^y no dpeHuyn^ecTiiy 

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HCRyccTBo BUA^-'t'iBfti'^ ^OHTy H^ A''^'iocb qcjoBtRy cpaay, a 
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noRa He AOCTHFJO Toro cocTOflaia, BI> RoropOM-b BIIJ ero HaxoAUMi> Te- 
nepb Ha Ra^ecxBO KOXH Rpoifb xnMHHecRaro BoaA^ttcTBia onaauBaerb 
cuibHoe Bjiaeie H Ra^ecTBo npOAyRTa, TO eicTb, aHsoTRbixi uiRypi,;aoA- 

i a TaRi RaRl> TaROBoH ooA^eaarb nonpeuiiyii^ecTBy 
AOMaiDHuxi acHBOTHux'b, TO BbiA'&JiRa aaBHCHTb on> nojoaeHui 
, H TaiTb, TAli HE Befo oGpao^euo 5oibine BHHuaHia, rA'b 
cymecTByerb npaBHJbHutt yxoxi* aa xHBOTBbiiiH, r^tf STH nocjIiABia oo- 
, Tarb cEaaaTb, BcaRyio cBoCoAy ^tttcTBii, carb B> 

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-100 

Eupoali, xaM'b, Aaxe npH Bdkx'b npo^Hxi pavHbix'b ycjioBiax'b, ROVH 
xoAaxi* B3% BbiA'b-iKB Jiyqinaro RanecxBa. C'b Tlix'b nopi*, xarb Bayia 
yRaaaja BaBjynmie npieMU AJi* BbiA^JRi KOXB, aBaneBie ea H 
HeBie rb paajfBHBbiifb noxpe6BOcxairb paapocjocb AO rpoaiaABbixit 
^pOBi: OHa cxajia BI paAy npeAnexoBi* nepBott Beo6xoABifocxH, Rarb xji'b6'k 
H xonjBBO, a xaRHce BI> paAy DpeAnexoB'b pocRomH, Rarb 



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H ecjB RO BclbMy axoMy qpedaBHTb eiue BaHaBinyiocfl y 
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B K^niiTa4aBo BceMii 
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n BauMeHbiuia 3aTpaTbi, ^ C'bHHi^H.HBa HMeHbuiyio Buro^y, npeA* 
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yHAaMeHTOMi>, njiH yctanobieabi Ba 



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H'*i''l'V f ''''' ^ ' -* t ' 

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w I ' A 4 

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inecxbi Bi) paacxoauiH Vi ftp> oARHb oxi> 
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ftb npeHMyu^e^xBy bbijtbJi 
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upBaeMkiot'B Kit Bil en * ooltHi^ ^ei^oirb'. Otivite dTBXi* cy- 
taicoBkxii '}i?e ap^MAy'iiUM'a'')>liiti 
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ii 9 apiiiima 1tui>Tiii, ua ie9o|>iii n OyiMilrb uHTtttytult 




1 



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a 



4uoB'b, RaRi> Banp. npx Apo6jQBiH Ropu ynoxpe64Rexca H ROBBbitt 

B noAJHBBoe ROAeco. IlapOBax CBiia BBr^'ib HB nptfiflbHaexcE, .^^ ^ 

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cocxaBjaerb Baxabift npoO'bji* BI> RosReBeuBoafb npOBaBOACXBb, 

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BCaRBXlk BOBBBORl*. Haii npRCDOCOO^eBi^, BeOOXOABMblXl* 

cjilb, BaiRBoe aeanQBie Bafbiorb 
cneAiajibBbiR BaaaaBia: omjuoKon^ 
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I, uM'biorb no npeiiMyn^ecTBy Rpyr^iyip oopaiy, cxaByxbi 
o6py4auH, B oxjiu4aR)xca xoJibKO CBOHMI* 

i ' ^ 

cjyxcHrb A^^ MOHR0 lORypiy nepGAit 



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:40 p., BABoe 6ojiLiuift 3x2V ap. orb 20 30 p.; Haui), paaoi'l^paMH 

.3x3 ap., 40 p.; BT> 3Vx3 ap.^-SO py6 H HaBi> euRocTbio 3x'/, 3i/, ap. 

;^>eTOBTb 60 pyd.y Bi) 9Ty cyiiMy BXOAHTTI H CTOHOiocTb yciaHOBRH 

>TO ecTL pbiTi>e flMbi fl T. o. CAywapb nanu no 10 a-Jb 

.^aBOBi* pasjiiBHHa^ Ba^HHaa orb 60 AO 200 uiTyRi^ UJIOBHI^U HJIB 

41 orb loU AO 500 nixyBii onofiRa. OpyAiH H BHCxpyMeBxu, 

;eiibie npH RoaceBeBHOMi) npoHdBOACXB'b, oxjiBHaioxca CBoeio npocxoxoio 

jTb ROHCTpyKi^in, a noxoMy jierRO B cpaauHxeabHO A^UI^B 

>npu nopH^b H npiodp'bxaioxcfl BOBUMB, xaRi) RaRi> BXI* JierRO 

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<30 R. B Moxerb padoraxb - ABa roAa. 3) Koca J^JLA 

Boarb Bojoci), BCB cxaibBaa; cxoHrb 30~~40 yon. B cjyMBrb rox> 
Ompyiti npeAcxaB^aerb cxa^bByio luaexHBRy V^ ^P* A^HBU. H 2V Bep 
OAHa exopOBa njacxBBU BO BCIO .A^BBy Bifberb xtejliaiibift 06 
Toro, qxod'b OHa Be FByjiacb, a ci Apyroft 

npaMUnii yrJioirb: B0roxoBjaexc cxpyrb 
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ciubBo HCxaMBBaeTOi, H6o TOUIXCC os^ub nacro BO 

l'/ft^2 apw*, 



RoxTb Bait aoibBBRa; cxoarb 1 p. 50 i. Noryrb npoc^yinxb 

H CTajbBaB, ynorpe^jaioxca BPH 



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pyM^.M^mwem^^ 6vnn 
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K OCQ^IBLH, pyftqftTaii CTB BBflcmiti' iroi- 
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ttaonpafoiTCH si^^j'BsHUfl niACTHRm Bft 
Bepni. Apyn> orb Ap7^&; cf<ypfi xaxaa jtocna 40 x. 
Vi roA'a; ci BaGopHuiiH H^e nxactHBRaMit Aoena cTfiHT^ 1 p. 50 BOD. 
^j^HTi> 2 rOAa. 6) f(A9 HaseAeHiH rj^raua BA 
Boe cteRJio V| Awftna T^OJU^HBOIO, BcxaejieBBoe 

npHxynjicfHiii; etoni^ OHO 90 BOO^ H cjyxim* 5 



BbicTpyraBHUfl Ay^OBfag HJB GepeaoBua AOCEB, A^HBOIO */ 
a- 6 Bepm. mnpBfiifl, Baaay pascTOflHie MeTR^y . AoeHauB lUH 
BB<epxy; BepXHiti OKOH^^HOCTB Aocoirb 6kiBaH)n HJBxynufl B;IH 
Bi noejiiAoeMi> cjiynali oali CHa6eHbi xce 

u MxydpuA^nafi KOAodbi^ npeACTaBJFfliOTb BS'n ceOa 
DJiaXB Ba- AByMi) HO]RRaxi>; nepBafl 2 ap. A^KHU B 6. 
, cTOBTb 20 R., B BTOpafl '// '&P* inapBBu H 6 Bep. 
50 R.; B Rafioue^l> li)' MxAKa A'd cidpOMflTabixi Roxrb. yoxpo- 

M'b: Ha ctoji61b 3 ap. AJHBU n 4 BPI 
BepXMRajbHO B Qaa6]keBBiiiifi 

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fi FBa^axHbiH AOCRB^ pevaMUpaBH IV, apm. 

H 2Vi Bep. DlBpBBU; AOCRH 8XB .CBOOOABO BpAIQILlDTefl OROJO OTOl5a 

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yrjOBit dtott Bocji-kAfteM npiixpliajiHeTCB Bajieti, aa Boto- 
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sepeBRH BJH penefiiBato ryxra npBRptirjiiiDT 

BAOJH*; 6yAyHH npiiTf Bytu RI OToaOy, xoa 
paxajbBoe uaBpaBjeate, B eojfi xeoapb 
no Bpyry, to AOCRB n xyrftMB npnAyvb BO 
B ROWB nonep^MUBBO 6yAyT% yApflTbe< TO *6% OAay, TO 
ryio Ayry B TavHMS o0paaoM%{)tMij(r<iaxi>Cfl; 
b OABOMI. HanpaBjisBiri no Bpyry> novnu-h m, oGpa^Bon*!^ B frroi 
aetcfi AO xMi> nofrb, voita ^f0toA M D6peexflier& 



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yo^vpe^JKiTCM TQ^I^KO iMiQBa,fi copa 
Pa9JA<iiifii4i itiopoxu BQU HfOAHBaKOBO^ )iopoiKJi,B>9i;qii> 



CHUTaiOTCfl TajiiHHK^ u HMaMeBDaa Hea. AOCTOBBCTBO 
iB'^TQM'h ea HUvtHett n<>B4ipxBOCTn;tH2jiH aip. ooeep^ 
nocji'b npocyuiKU ocTaerca 6'JbJioti, TO Kopa c4HTaeTca jymuaro 
BI> DPOTMBHOMI* cjyia^ axa aoBepxHOCTb opioop'bTHe'rb 
n HepooOypbiit untrb. J[ymuHui BpeMeB&M'b aaRynKU 
I'bTO orb; 15 ix) Maa no ^O^e iiouu, H^O B'b dTO BpeaiH 

6bIBaiOTl> B'b nOJHOU'b coxy, H A&IOTb ROpy C'b HaHOOJbUIBM'b 

CM-b AyoHJibHbirb itemecTB'b. Kopa TpeSyex-b iipeAOxpaHenia orb cbipo- 

CTU H AOIKAH) HOCI irb npOTi|BB0^1> CJy4ati Bit HCti npOHCXOAUrb Bblll^e- 

jia4HBaHie AyouJbiiuxi> Bei^^cTB-b u oRHCjeeie AyoHJbHoA KUt'JioTbi, nepe- 
xoAan^ett B'b opIioiKOByio RHCJioxy, oxqero Kopa BpacHl)er|> ii Tepuerk 
CBOK) uliHHOCTb. lioKynacTCH HBOBoe Kopbe no 3040 KOO. n eJOBoe no 
15 20 Ron. aa nyAi); a TaR-b KUK'b TaRoe Ropbe HaAO eu;e BbicyuiBTk 

H IlCTOJOHb, TO B'b TOM'b BHAl^) KHRT* OHO ynOTpcGJIfleTCa B'b A'b'lO, OHO 

CTOurb AOpOHfe, a nueHHO HBOBOC orb tio A<^ bO Kon., a eaoBoe 30 
40 Kon. nyAT*. TojiHeaie. Kopu nponaBOAUTCH B'b ocoooti TOJselJ, ycTpott- 

CTBO ROTOpOft CJ'bAyK)Ii;ee: KOpblTO pa3JIII4HOtiA<'IIiHbl H 1 

BaAi* BOTOpbiM'b BpTiiBajibHO ycTaHOBieHO orb 4 AO 8 necTOBi) ei> 

;R'63HblMH padp'BaBVMB BHROBeSBHRaifH; nOSaAM neCTOB'b, npH nOMOII](E 

HOBBaro npBBOAa, BpaiAaeTca A^pCBaBHbiii ropuaoHTaabHuit Baj'b c'b 
KOTOpbiMH nfCTbi flooep^M'bHHo noABHMaiOTca RBepxy^ n 
oi^'b CBoett co6cTBeHHoA xaxcecTn Ba Bopbe B'b Ropbirb. CTOHT% 
4*x'b necxax'b 100 p. ,o. .5 necxaxii 125 p., c4iiTaa E 

npocjiyxtBXb Taxna xoji4ea 10 j^rb. KpoMlb axotl 
, yaoxpe(^aexcg H py4Boft necrb, xoxopbiA yKptnaaexca apti 
B'b BepxBBaJbHoifb nojoweBiu, a noAii HUM'h cxaaoBHxea 
Baa exyna v CBJ^OIO OABoro qejoBlbRa xpoiuHTca B'b A^ab AQ 

cxon.n xaKott necrb 5 py6. Toaneu HM^ioxca aa 6ojbuieft 4ac'm 

BO cjy4aioxca H HCRjiio4eHia, BorAa aaiioA4BKii 
>ix)xoBoe TOji4eHoe Hopbe; A^fi Bxoro HyweB'b 5o4bniott 

AOCxoHucTBa BopbJi, BBatie MOIIBO oojyHBXb ero c'b 
rBBiyuieBiv HJH ocBBbi H 6ep9bi, tiecvy H xaiiaa 
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caMO qo 4^61i jw. oTAtMBocTB, BBBOTAa Be ynoTpe6jaxcg, a 
BaKii noxwJbOb. K% HaoBOMy B* piia4B4Biiix'b iojiB4ecTBajLT., 
iiBOBaro 7 . 20 .. a MBorAA H I'/i nyAa eJH 
y MlMrrHuzn* ipefTbiBii, lorofiHe npBuaaarb ero npjuo na 

BtMBoro 



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a TaR'iKe H ;ipyrHX'i npiffMHi>. THRI> BI BOBy 
fia 100 iiiRypi> RiaACTCfl 10 ityAoui*; Ror^a xte aocTyiiaeTi> 

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yme Ba '/, iieBLoie npoxiiBi aepBoti 3oiRH. 



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BOAy, Ha cyTKH HJIH 6o.Tbe, CMoxpH no exencHii cyxocTn MXT. 
BUHHBaeTCH norpyiKftnie BXT> B'b 3OinbBMK'i^ MTO nponcxoAHTb npa 
HenpeM'bBBO ABy3ti> paOoMMx-h,, H3'b RoropwK'h OAIIBII Cpocaerb 
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pacnojiarHJiiCL no CDMiiaJbUott jmniif. 3HjoeHBiiia TaRviMi^ oGpa- 

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no toBftpy, RuTopiiitt BupariaTUBaeTCH, M TOILRO BpeMH orb BpeMeHH 

Tpy. (IpH 3OJiR'ft u3BecTb pac* 
cJioM tromH. coeAHBaHOb ci* HCHpoBidMH RuejOTaMR, 
o-wero BOJiocHHHM cyMOMRH pa3pyuiai07oa. KorAasojiRa oROBqeBa, iDRypu 
Hdi* BOJibHHRH iReji'b'.)HUMii RAeiuaMH npH noiioii;H 
> pyROBHi]^axi, HToCu He pa3i>*Aawio pyin>, H 
OKOJO 3o.ihitHBa. J^Bfi HeaoB-bita BT. ACHb Moryrb Barpy3BTb lOO 



Bl> 30JlbBHirb 



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ie. Ho ^urOA^ nvb o5)Kopa, toatii ' 
cytcyk-b ABoe AJH Torb, iTo6hi oMHCtatk lii-fc'o'rt Bcero rb Binn 

AJIA yAHJieHiit nsHiiuiHAro Roi]^Mei;ttfaiidBectH. ' 
'rynai6rb na itfldApiiiibByio KOJiO 

a, to ecTL, KOHca kjaAeTcn aa KOJOAy HacHoMCTopoabtt' BBepx* n 
Ho;freMi> CT. H^tt cbcKpcSMBatOTca EC* He^nctdTti, nepOB- 
, ocTatisH wiijn> H T. 'nv, W TaKwe oGp-bsaiorb 

ytoB^aioTi>'ijpai. Hocj-feAyromaH onepauia Rotopoil,^ 
a Koaht, ecTb CrporaBie HX'b, 9TO canaa i^pyAhaa H3T> BC-fex-b ane 
paiiiit npi/t ROHfeBeRHoMi) A^JL'^I TpeCyioii^aii 6oji>nraro BaBbiRa. 'CBHp6BRH 
^ jioBROcrH orb McnbJiHHTCJiH, oTM^ro xopouiHMt ctporajejTb Bcep;^a 
^MBBb Aopoafirrt xoaanHi. lIpOM3BOAHTC>i 8Ta pa5oTa TriRT 
'Ha KOiroAy OaxTapMott RBepxy, Hto6l> OBa njOTBO 6e3Ti 

Ri> ROJOA*, H CTpot*ajib no axoMy M*cty BOAHtT. crpyroM'b, 

' Be noHanpHBJieriifo ROJIOAM, a noA'^ yrjiOMt> Rit Beft/a 
* ABHWi6TCH orb npaBoft pyRH Ri jitBoft rt CBuwae^rb TonRie ojia- 
ctbi RoitifH, ^wb n Bbipa^^HBaeTca TOJiiuiiBa 6d Bft Boeii noBepxnocTH. 
3a cTporaBiewb cjulJAyerb CynicHie ROJRT., coctoamce Bt TOMT*, <TO 



<JtBO OBCHMOfl 



H Bcurtfa^TcaonpeAliJ^eHHoe 

, taRT> MTOObl BCe BSPbCrb 3aHflJIO Hfe 

^, B'b 9Ton> Rncejii) H onycRaiOTca K6wM Ba 7 HJIW 8 

3aRjiK)taeTCfl BT> TOMT^, MToGu, tipH 'noMor 
npte OpOTKCBiH RiiceJiH yRiiycifoft H MoAoMHoit RMcjrorb, H3Bjie<ti 
ttop1> ROMrti ocTafeliiyK>ca Tanij M3BecTb, BT. aaw'ftfl^ KOi^opott 
^tal ' STO ireof>xOAHMO A-ffl ycrt*niBaro xGj^iii ^^Qxetiin^ i/i6o 



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Ha Bee AT^iiMRar*) paoTBopa 

ecjit ^paay ynotp^HTb Bce H6o6xoAHHOe BOJM<ieoTBo 
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pa nepByio Roy RjiaAeTCJi 
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orb A^itcTBia Ha, 
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KOJEU RJIRAyTCa BBCpX'b MgCBOtt CTppO 

Bepj|^Baa Roara nepBaro 

A>6y. Bl, TpeTbCM'b AyOy RpWK 

HeTBepTOui>, RaRi> BO BTOpoMii. lIpoAOJi:KEi> 
Bi> saBHCHMOcTM oTb copTa TOBapa; 
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8 MlbcaueB^, aioBiiua 4 M'kcaua, ROHUua H onoRi> nod 
.Jlo OROHHaHiH Ay^RH ROxcH noABepraiOTca oxJt'l^jiRt, Roxopaa 
cxporaaia uxi>, euaBR'b CMtCbio A^rxa H xKxieaBaro Hcapa, 
noJiipOBKl^, Maxb'b Ba 6'bjaRax'b, pacRaxbiBaHin itaxRaMH, 
H X. n JEfa Bce BTO xpixKxca OROJIO OAHOFO 
RaRi) laRHpOBaqie npeACTaujiaexi> BaTRHbiA Dpo^ecc'b 
ll-A rpynnbi, xo paacMoxpHuit ero pOApofiB'be. Haxaayxbiti Ha 
noRpMBaexca cjioeirb rpyuxpBofi BpacRu, cocraBjeHHott HBI* 
caacH H jbHauaro HJH ROHonjaHaro Macjia. 
pa Rowy npu noMomn mnpORaro xynaro uowa n 
jaexca no BoaiioHtHocTM paBBOM-bpadbie; nocjil^ rpyHxoBRn oaoeRi> 

xo ecxb, 

u 
Bepraexoa cyuiR^, n^M'b H aaRHHqHBaexca 

ii coBepmedHO OTJHHHO oxi> opeA'bHAymaro np CBOIIMIM 
H iip6ACTa])ja6xi> ABa cxyiaa; 

dtpcGettato TOBapa H, 

. oepBOMT* cjyMA'b ujRypw uoHaioa irb BOA'^ BI* a^xnee Bpeaia AP 3 
BT 9HMHe oxii 1 AO 2 iieAliJii^ aaTrkM^iCT? HHx-b couBaexca mpcx* 
iia9A[>a; H)^^ cymarb, .qyaaMBaiorb OiienROM'b H amyx^ ^inn-b n pxau 
HnBaexca. oca OB^pau^ia* A^a naiyHeniu BTpparo copra, spaapa 
9aRBacKa itpuroxMBafle^fca nai* pwHHott nytK 4 o. BH 



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TOlTb BOlKeBeBBarO UpOH3BOACTBa HBJfllOTCa IDKypbl paaJIB^BUX 

. KanecTBO iuKypi> 3aBHCBTi> orb paaBbixik ycJOBitt: orb 
orb BpeneBH roAa, RorAa npOHCxoAHrb yOott iRUBOTBaro, orb co* 
JKHBoivaro iiepeAl> ytSoeih;, ejHd BoapacTa, doia, hopOAU. Bee 

oien 



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BbixoA&Ti o<^eflb cjiaOuit, A^pHoit BI> RORlb, citopo psyu^iiicH tta 
a TaxTt^e Bamio, ^Toobi na iinrypb BeocTaBajocb Haca, 
iroRynaiOTca Ha BJ^CTB. 3TO niepBoe yCJioBie, Ha 
o6pat[^aeTca BBBMaBie. Jljaji'be AOCTOBBCTBO niRypbi 

eeTtf&ix'b. V 

y najioji'kTOR'b TaRHceniKypa TOHRa H 
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pasctB^; AOcrHraeiTcfl oTo xopomnMi* 
ffHiii>, coAepJKaHieMi ero B-B 4BCTOTft; y xaRuxi 
BOJioci o5biRuoBeiiHO 6tir^cTi> MSJio n caMue BOJOCBI 
a ROHfa njiOTiiaa H poBeaa. TaRHXi TRC 
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j66a xcHBOTHaro cyn^ecTBe.Huu Bisia^rb Ba ROTsy. OccBBia Romn 

nbTOMy HTO OHH opMHpoBaj[HCi u'b ji^xBee BpeMH, o6HJibBoe xo- 
RopuaMH; axa ROTRa H Jiyqine CBnoiaeTCfl R A&erb MeHbme OT- 
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a OTb 'jRHBOTearo ocxajacb TOJbRO inRypa Aa ROCTH. IIpH xaRBn 
noBaTHo, inRypa aajiaexca o^eBb xoBROft, BepOBBott, co CBH- 
cHHMaexca ci> CojibiOHMi* xpyAOMi* n Aaerb MBOFO niepcxH B iiaa* 
^HMBia H j^xaia ROTKH oxjiH4aK)xca nocpejiexBeBkbiMi RaiecxaaM. 
KosH noRynaiOxca RJtH Bii cyxoMi* iijin BI* idbipbani BBA'b; BOBTO- 
cjiyqa^ oifb HenpeiieHBo 6biBaiOTi> nbcbjeHbi. Jlyqoiett 
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paAi* Bi> MocRBdb, RyAa RoacH ,CB03aTca 
TOproBU,aMH, Ba6MpaK)n^H)iH HXI* RaRi> no MocRpBCRoti 
H Bi ropOAaxiii 3apaiicRti, PaaaBB, TaM6pB'^ u Ap* CtOAa. 

niRypbl B MpCROBCRKXM MaCHHRaMU. 

3aRyn4a a40BM4H^x'b ROXCI^ cHBTaeTca Bpena orb ORTadpa no BO- 
BTO BpeBa Be TO4bRo noTOBy xoponio, HTO BOXCBO no4yH;iT^ 
lauecTBa, BO B npTOBy, HTO OH;b BCAOporH, TaRi* RaRi> 
>on^BX'b oceBpB^i* Roacb CH4bBO noApuBaeTca 
sa 4l^TO co4eHbiB9 njR,ypaBB, Illbna na a4OBBHBbia nii^ypbi cTOBrb 

' f^ ^ ' ' ,*^ t ' i^F^''t' ''Tii' 

Bi> aBBap'b B a^Bpa4lb, Ror/ia npBxpABTca Qaiji6o4i^niiit oTe4i KO-^ 
cHHTaiOTca TaRi BaabiBaeMua B04OHBHRH, TO ecTb uiRypu 

TO4bR(> B04OROB1); BTB niRypbl OTJBHaiOTC^ pOBBO- 

^ B'biRBOCTbio; HO paai) T04bRO Te4eB04'b nonpoOyerb c'l^na B4ii BOAbi^ 

' "4 f 9 ^ ^ r 

niRypRa B'bBaeTca niepcTb A'^-iaeTca 4oxMaToft, ROHca rpy- 
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, TO RasecTBo ea 6biBaeTi> HOHTB BcerAa OAHnaROBO, xoTa 474- 
cMuiaiOTca Oceania uiRypbi; aix) npoHCxoABT-b orb Toro, HTO sa 
BcerAa 6uBaeTb xopomift yxo^i). Iji,'bna na HHXI> cTOHrb orb. 
p. AO 5 p. 5U Ron. rioRyoaiomie niRypbi ne6o4bniBBii napTiaBB npi- 
Bxi> no OKO4bBbiBi> Aep^i^uflMit BJiB Ba B'bCTHbix'b Oaaapaxiv 

f loCB^OBOMl* MOBaCTblp'b, TyprBBOBli, Il4bBHCROBl>, 
BBU.'b B AP> B'bCTaX'b. KpOM'6 BTHXI) insyplt, npH BUA'b4K'b 

KOKTb ynoTpe64aK)Tca Bep64io7KbB uiKypu B lam* 

TO ecTi., GapaHbB niRypu, v^ ROTopuxi. B-b Pocciio AOCTaE4aeTca 

Ha nvAi* c-bii4aTOio 



no 6 p. aa nyAi>; HA 

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Bi iiiitHMX'b JiaBRRxi* Bi MocKB^ DO 1 p. 30 K. 3a '' 



MocKBu; 

, B EropbeBCRi PaaaacRott 

Tenepb odpaxBiicx n jjaHHOMy pUBRy KoxBeHBBaro cupba, 
pafioHy c. h^awKovo. CejieHie IlBaiuROBo cxoarb Ha rpaBHu-b MOCROH- 
CRott H TBepCRott' t^yO^pHifi.' OBO olN;TOMl^ orb Moi*i>Bia Ha 1^ aepcx^,. 
OTb BQJOROjaNXEa Ha 45 .iieucrb. orb cxaauiB wejfbaHott Aopora 

/ 1 1; ' t j I *f / ' I I 1 1 * ' * . I . j I ' r , 

Ba 70 Bepcx-b/ HHCJiHXca B'b * He3rb 4^^ Ay^i. MywcRaro 
Bxii 233 HejoB'bRa aaHaxbi npoAfhiCJoi>. |Vi HeMi BM! 
100 MejOBliRi) H noHxoBaa cxtiHuia. KpoM'b cejieaia IlBainROBa, BI* cd*- ^' 
axoro paflona BxoAnrb A^POBHH: MapKOBo, MaHaceHBo, /],yieiioBo, . 
, Fopu H cejo If.opH'bBCKoe. B'b Mapuoulb aaHaxu npovbicjoaii 
liy MeJiOB^Ra B'b MaHaceHH* 60 nea., BI* JlyiKRsx'b 20 neji.; BT* /I,y- 
lU He*.; m Fopax'b 1,^ nejioBliR'b. Itc'b 9XH cejieBia, aa HCRJIK)* 
JlyxtROB'b, 6biJH npeiKAe OAHOtt BOXHHHLI Fji'booBa ( 
HMi) ycjioBia, BbiaBanuiia cyiuecxBOBaHie npOMhicja, H 
ero nocjLtiAOBaxejibHoe paaBHxie. IIoHBa Bcero paiioHa xa*/KCJiaH TJHHH- 
cxaa xpyAHo noAAHioiuiaaca oopHuoxK'b, H xaM'b, r^'b HyjKHO ONAO 6bi. 
OAHa JomaAb, eABa MOWHO cn,pauHfbca Ha AByxii; B'b oOu^eii CJOHCHOCXV; 
Ba Ayiuy upiixoAHXca He ooal^e 2 A^C.; ypoHcait xj'buoB-b He 

cau'b AHa, j-bcy HliTT> BOBCC, aHfmwrb XOH^HBH uti-b, SBAUKH, 

IIOO eii He 



H 

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iiatiTH xaRoil HpoMbicejfb, Koxopuft, opH HajiHHHOCxH MifliioiAHxcii ycio- 
Bitt, Mor-b 6bi 6uxb AOcxyoeHi* (taiKAOBty, Koxopuft 6bi npii 

Kaniixaji'b., HO nocxoHHHUx'b ooopoxax'b ero, A<^BHj'b 6u 
BbiroAy* Bc'bM'b axHMii ycjOBiflMii BOOJH'B yAOBjexBOpaerb 

RoniaxHHRa, BuepBue noaBHBiuiiica B'b cej% HuauiROB'b, H ox* 
yiKe pacupocxpaBBBinitica no BceMy pafioHy, noneMy Bc-b npoMbi- 
i>iDJieHBMRH axoro pattoHa Hocarb uaaBaHie utiamtu. IlpoMuceji'b 

OCHOBaHHUtk Ha BOSMOHtHOCTH 6blCXpO o60paHHB:iXb CBOtt 

*, Ba cxojiLRO rbCBO cBaaaHi ci* nojoiKeHieiii u^cxBbix'b 6a3apoBrb, 
HTO ODHcaHiio padBBxla DpOMb!CJia HeoOxoABMo npeAOOQjaxb 

o Gaaapaxik. IIoioxeBie CaaapoBi) oxHOCHxeibBo IlBauiKOBa, 
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na HCMTJ T'hx'b HJIH jipyrnxT, DpeAMeTOBi>. TaIt^ BT> Jlo- 
npoflacTca no npenMyuj^ecxBy Myi;a, COJIL, Kpyna, 

XH, GopORId, <iaiIIBH, J07RRH, rOpOlRH H KOUtH D'b UOpflAOH 

HS-B rjHBHwx'b OaaapoBi* no CTCMeniio TopryiomnxT* H 
h. B'b CepCA* HACTII no npeHMymecTBy CCUDRH 
^ H TaKT> RaRii BI> STHxii M'feCTaxi* imsBRTb cnjaB-b n'^cii na 
Pya*, TO Ba 6aaap'b Bce^'Aa. wBoro npyThCB-h A-IH CBHSII njoTOB'b. BT> 

CCUURH JbHffHarO Cl>MenH, IlpO^aXiA .IbHA Bl> By- 

H H uyHBofi Tomtpi). JIpionojieua> ii CxenypHDot Topryiorh no n[)e4i- 

ct>iieHaMn H .iiiHOMii. Baaapri> ui* .IlBauiKOD'b uao- 
paaJinniruBiH RO*/vaMii, a iiiioPAa Ha HeM'b nonaAaeTca u spa- 
CBoe 3B<ftpbe. Bc-b BTU 5a3apH, n36pap/b rjoaBHoK CBoefi onepauiefi 
JH Apyrott npeAMCTi), HHKorAa He OTRaauBaiorb BO BHHMaHiH H 
TOBapy, ROTopHtt MoweTb opeAJiOHCHTb HBauiia; BOTb noneaiy 9TOTT> no- 

TonaiH OwcTpo o6opaqHBaTb cBoft RanHTaji> u 
xaRie dapbiiuH, RaRie npn Apyrnxi) ycAOBiflxi* OUJH 
'bM'b H Rop^a nojioveHO HaMajo npoMucjy HBauieit 
; MowBO TOJibRo CRH2aTb yTBepAHtcjbHo, iTO OHT* cyjuecTBycTTi ywe 



yKaaajiH HuamaMii Ha ROuiRy, EaKi> Bao5i>eKTi> npo- 
wb BoaMOMfHocTH TOproBaTb TBRHM'L TuBapOMik, ii 
BocTBeHHbiMi> oOpaaoMi cnocoGcTBOHajH ynpoHHeaiH) axoro 

ji'ii HBaiui> cji'bAyion^iiM'b o6pHaoMi>: TaRi> RaRi> 
npe40TQBJiieTi> A^H nero cjuiuKOMi) cjaoyio TO^f^y onopbi, 
TO OH'b o6biRHOb6iiBo CTftpaeTCtf iiocROp*be olA'64aTi^cfl orb no.ieBbixi> 
, K jraiub To-ibso ^ BTO ewy yj^RCTCji, CH-h pacTOproBiiiBaeTCji, TO 
an xooniai^, Bprb OBI ci co6oio Hycryio cyHHy 



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c-b coOqtt CTapaexcv BB Gpaxb, Baxtacb opH 



biro9opBTb ceOt o6JbAi HJM yroiaeBie. Korxa Bsam-b cropryeTCg 

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Hii(>yAi> TBCpAoe; y6HBi> TBRBVb cepaaoMik SBBOTBOB, BBam-b noAp*8bi 
BaexTi y HomRH aaAuia jianRH, B CBBMaeTb uiKypKy MyjROMi>; noxovb 
pacapaBjiaerb ee Ba poraxBH^, HJIB Ba6HBae'rb cojioMoil B 
4566* B'b cynRy. XoAflTb BBaiDH no AepeBBaiTb H BenpentHHo 

mcRTj, TCJiaTb, arHarb, o^exBRbi, ROffiypBBi> B'6xi>-JB npo- 
. B'b ji*xHee BpeMa BT TOMT. cjiyqat, ecjB npeABBABxca MBOFO 
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ecjiB RoinaTBHRH :b3AaTi> na .lomaAaxi), OHB npHBoaarb ^BTbix'b 
aanopOHceHBbix'b RouieRi> AOMofi, TA'l^ OTTaBBaiorb Bxi) Ba nojaxaxi> BJK 
oofCb jaBRofi, CHBaraiOTi> lURypRH H npOAaiOT'b, BJIH Hce Buaoaarb 
ea 6aapi> BI* TOMI> PHA'^, RaRi> RyoBJiB. Paao^AflCb no 

ORpyra, BBaiuH cxoAflxca o6biRBOBeBBO Ba OojibmBX'b xpax- 
nocxoajbix'b ABOpaxi>, rA'b BeopeM'bBHO pacnpaniBBaK)xi> Apyi^ 
4pyra o xoan),* fA'b KTO obij'b; RaRHMH M^CTaicB bxaji'b*, npB axBX'b paa- 
roBOpaxi) BcerAa. CTapai<)Tca uaAyTb Apyrb Apyra, BBRorAa Be roaopai-b 
npaBAu o TOM'b, TA'b IsxajB B rA'b noRyaajiB ci TOIO 
BadpaBBTb CBoero conepHBRa no Ba'b^aTReBBbiM'b yxe 

HBam'b npi'baKaerb BI> AepeaBio B oRaabiBasTca HTO Benero yxe 
, TO cefiiaci) xe AoraAbiaaeTca, 4TO erooOMaayjiB, 

6bi4'b JIH Biepa RoniaTBBrb, OTRyAa OB'b 
RaRoft ;ieinaAH B T. n. H, aapy^BBHiBCb TaRBMB AaBBbiMB, 

jiHMO B:bcROJbRBX'b Acp^BBBb, HaM%BaeTi> CBoft ncpBOBanajibBuJI 
no^baAKB, cntmHTi> oOornaTb CBOBX'b ToaapHiuefi, B npi'bxaTb BO 
BaM^HCBBoe Mlbcxo paBbine ApyrBX'b. DpaRXBRa Ronianbaro npo- 
yRaaajia ea paajHsie B'b AOCXOBBCXB^ axoro xoBapa. KoniRH n,'^ 
Baxca no ual^xy mepcxB: jiymnHMB ciBxaioxca AiiiM4axbia, noRynaeMbic 
no 10 R. noTOM'b MepBbia, aa Roxopbix'b njaxaxi no 10 R., c^pbia no 
5 Ron., a necxpbia B nejxbia ox'b 2 AO 3 R. IJpoAaioxca e ROHIRH 

H qepHbia no 20 R., c'bpbia ox'b 1215 R., necxpua H 
8 R. Ho BpeMeBB roAa caMua jyiinia RomRH oceBBia. Cnpoc'b 

6blBaeXl} n.'IbJIblfi TOfCb^ BO OC06eBBO OB'b CBieBl} OX1> 

15 -ro Mapxa. HanaB'b CBOK) A'^^xejibBOCxb xoproBjefi RomRaMB. 

f ' 

CRopoMi* BpeMebB aauajiBCb B xoproBjieft ApyrBMBnpeAMexaMB, 

ROuiR'b.' TaR-b OBB aaRynaiox'b arBarb BbiRBAbimeft M 1 2 
xeiaxi* fiOJiUbix'b pei^bBbix'b. HJH aaMepmHX'b no onjom- 

I- ' .*>I>- -j!; ^lii^ .;?? 



-^fff-^ ' . . 

" * " ' "*^/^ '' -...' -^- ^ ' ' / ' ' 
-^ * .^^^^ '. -. :, / 



TaKMe mj^^^j coOa^iv oivypH. Rtmm 
meft uoffynaDTii tio 2 nt^luitltuvb OojKvterb no 15 il. 
00 1 B. ffByiiexluniHuii no 40 x., 



on> 30 AO 80 K. CoGa^H mKypu novynaioTci ori 10 j(a 20 x. 



noByoaiorb u^enoTRaifH, ^npRRReyB'b Ha ^yyxy^ npH^JiiiaiirrejiiHO aa 
niaTiin> 57 K, DpOAaioTT. we STH npe^Metu no cj'bAyiou^Brb 
flranrb orb 8 AC 20 K., Tejtflrb orb 10 60 K., mxypRH on 
t' TejiflTT. orb 40 K. AO 1 p. Co6aiM niRypbi np^AaioTCfl orb 12 . 
40 R. mexnHa, HAymaH BT. npoAawy, OhiBae-rb Tjiex'b paapflAOBi*: 1) 60- 

IROBan DpoAaBaeMafl no 30 R. aa 1 . 2) xpeGroBan HflrKafl no 50 x. 
^yHTb H 3) zpeCTOBaa CTO&Rafl, copTHpoBaHHafl, croHTb 
'I 60 Ron. yHTb. 
I ^'* HxoCu HaqaTb STorb npOMUcejii> Heo6xoAHMO o6jiaAaTb 

35 R.) aa ROTOpuii HBami) o6uKHOBeHHo noRynaerb 20 na^6Ri> dip- 



< <1 



nbixit cnHHeRl>, M ci^ &THMT> araTReMi* ornpaBjaeTCfl ea DpoifbiceJi> 
:** IlpoAaeTT> CHKHRK no 4 R. aa naqRy HJH MtBHerb HXT> Ha Romiry, 



cMOipfl no RomR'b, OAHy njtH j(B^ naqRH, n BbiroBapHBan ce61b en^e 
> r KycoMeRi> xji'lbGa^ HJIH npnCaBjaerb RI> 8THui> naqRani) en^e i;opo6oqeRik 
f* ciwMCK'b c-b ycjdBieM* y'lTo^bi y TBTRH no oS^AaTt". HaqaBii xaKHMi* 
oCpaaoMi), RBami> npH o4eHi> CjiaronpiaTHbix'b ycjoBiaxi) Mowerb aapa* 
CoTaTb Bii tfeA'^JK) AO 15 p^6jieit. 05biRHOBeHHo jce HBamn Al^JiaiOTb 
TaRi>: yGpaBUiHCL c'b nojteft fl OCMOJOTHBI* CBoft xjilbdi*. OHH ocTasifl- 
lOTb A<>Ma Ha pacxoAU HyncHoe BI> TeieaiH HeA'bJiH, a Bce 
HOC na'b cBoero xjit6a npOAfliOTb, H BbipyqoB-b py6jiefi 10, 
^CaaapHTb'', H CT. axHX'b 10 pyCjieft ROPMHTT. u-bjibifi roA'b CBbro 
njaTHT'b noAaTH B cnpaBJiaiOTb CBoe xoaflficTBo. 4y^niifiiu roztaiiii npo- 
6biJio BpeuH itepeA'b 1812 roAcui*^ GeBaoTonoiJbCROt 

BoacTanieBTb H nbcji'bA^^ TypenRoft Boftnott. Tb B3i> 
niefi. ROTOpbie BHA'^JIH Jiyinrie roAbi npOMbicja, ROTopue cMor^ii cocTa- 
BHTb Rott RaRifl c6epe}ReHtHj B-b nacToan^ee BpeMa He*xoA>Ti, a Iba- 
Ba DpoMbicejii> H npHBoaapb AOMofi ROJi'bJiux'b arHarb, OBe^ii, Te* 
GnTbixT RomeRi), coCaRii; cEHMaiorb AOMa niRypbi, a MHCO npo- 
Ha ncapHH, Roxopbia HSI'^TCH yb KjiycoBli y r. ChinflrKHa Omett- 

XHHCROtt BOJI., B% 50 BBpCTaxl) OTb HBaniROBa, H B'b e. Om^ftRBH'b y XE. 

[IpoAaiorb Hlico TejiirB orb 10 AO 15 R. aa nyffi>, a vaco 
Roxopuxi) BOAflrb TyAa iKHBbiiiH H TaMi> yxe 5biorb, OTxaion* 
orb 30 AO 50 R. 3aRaabi Ha ncapaarb 6biBaiorb na 200 rejarb H na 
800 niTyRi) jomaAeft B'b roft.'b. JI'bTOMT> AocTaBJiaiorb TyAa lomaAefi, a 
3HMOK) Boaarb MBCO Tejxri. Kpon*!^ ncapeBi Maco AOcraB^aerca v BI 
cTOpoKRH mryxii no 10 Te:iflrb B'b aBiry. Taxoso Gujo aa^ajo 
BBamett. )H HarToam^tte ve Bpem arorb npoitucej'b CBJIBO 



Jie 

no 6l^apaw Wi M* cpi^oaarii ea ^ 

qpocQjiiii, doKyoaiOTit OBH noopeBMyoi^ecrBy mvypu KOHCUX, BO- 
oaoerb, sepeOvBii^ ?(OTa He npeneOperaiprb B BouiRaMB, 



OTL 1000 jto 50000 pyfijeil. Ha Rj^uBTaji* pi. 50000 
HacHBTUBaeTCfl BT. paitoe'b Herupe Tup^oB^a, BT. H;iauiKOBt 

OABBl, B'b KOpBeBCBOMli OAHHli U BT. MapEOB^ 

Ha iftinBTaji'b OTB lO AO 15 Thicam. Hxl^iOTca ABB npocona, B'b 
II Bi KopBCBCBOM-b. Ha HauBTajii> oTb j 000 Ao 5000 pySjieft 
A'bJia 5 BBameft, BI* liBaiuEOB-l^ 3, B^ /I^yjieooB'b OAHBI* B BI. Kop 

HeBCBOMl>. 



npocojiu ^3AaTi> no ACPCBKHMT., aaRynaH BcaKa uiRypu, 
H OTb1b37BaiOTi> OTb AOMy ua AaJiJ>Hee paacToaaie BT. ryGepiiin: CMoaeH- 
CKyio, BT. FafaTCKT*, BT> Busbuy, B*Jiy, CianeBKy, BT. IJcKOBCByKJ BT 
IlopxoBT, toponeuT., B'h KajyafCRyio BI. MCAWHL, MeI^eBCK^,MocaJl^CRT.,,J 
BO Bct yt3AW TBepCBoft rySephiH, H BO uct ytaAU MocKOBCRoft ry6. ,^' 
9TU opocojiLi oojaAaioTi KflOHTajiOMT. orb iOO AO 500 pyGjefe; HiT 
AO 50 qej[OBtRT>, HST. itoTopuxi. noJOBUua npHuaAJe^KiiTb , 
3apft6aTbiBaK)TT> OHH na CBoesii. npOMUcali pyfijb 
OcTajbHLie MBainn npeAciaBjaiOTb IIST. cc6a MCJIKHXT. xop- 

AeBHBTj KOTOpUXT. nOJL30BaTlCa CJyHaCMTj, OHH COClIpaiOTb 

BomeKT., co6aRT>, mcTHBy, pon,, Bonuxo, ipauRH, KOCTII, o^HiiM-b cjno- 
BOUT. Bce, HTO TQjbRo noDaACTca noAT> pyBH H oRaJKCTca no Kapwaay, 
KanBiajT. npocxHpaexca OTT 3 pyCjiefi H AO 50 pyd. OHH aaBBMa- 
micypT. CTi najbix'b IKUBOTBUXT., aa ITO nojy^aiorb aa 



Hia TejCBRa OTT> 5 AO 10 K., a aa Kpynnyio CROTHsy HMT. njia- T\ 
orb 25 AO 50 Ron. OHH JRC Oepyxca cAnpaxb mRypRii CT. RonieRi* '"' .-..;> 
y RpynBbixT> ToproBi;eBT>, aa HTO. nojynaiOTT. no Vt ^on. OTT* RAHtAott. ' ' 
mRypKB* cajo IRQ Romafbe OBH ocxaBjaiorb ceOt H npOAaioxT. ero no -^ -j::. 
2 p.. j3a ^nyA'*. OBB B'bMBO CByK)XT>, BI^HBO pbiii;axT> no 6aaapaM'b, Bn^a* ^ 
cjynaa RynHXb no f^einev^e B npOAaxb no Aopove, HIE 
paajHMHbia RovMHCciu A<ia RpynnuxT* xoproBueBT*, HXO A'b* 
jaexcH oGbiRBOBOBBo cjiynaftBo, Cea-b BCBRBXI npeABapnxejbBux'b yro- 
BopoBii, BBnpBMlkpT. ciy^iBxca xaRoify UBamy BUFOABO cxoproBaxb 
.myip Bovy, a BanBxaiOBT. A^B noBynRH ea B'brb, BOXT. OB'b B 

BpynBony xoproBuy, Tpe6yexT> OXT aero yniaxu Ha* 
cyMMbi, a aarbiTb noiyqaerb CT Bero 3a BOMMBCciio. Bc-b CBOM. 
BBamB coBepinaiorb Gojbineio qacxbio aa 6a3ap'b BT> ilBani-; 
OT<iero BTOTb nocj^ABift HirjbeTb o^icBb sasBoe 3BaHeBie BT. XB3BH 
Bcero pattoBa. OxBpbirb sTorbCaaapTt npBCjBaBxejbBo OROJO 1802 
CTapuMTi 6apnBoiiT> HBaBOMi HBRoaaeBBieMT* Cxp-bniBeeiiiMi. Ha 
BT IlBamKOBO npitaacaiorb B3T y^aAOBT.: 3y6uoBCRaro B 

ry6epBiB FxaTCKaro CiiojeBCBoft ryOepBlB, B BojoROJiaMCBaro, 



MfpnoccKoi Cep^i^iMiiiMbM] '1Iiiittaen 'iNfiilxmci 
avrycra, aa siMy xocnraerii vaicMiiyHa cBoei 

7HK^i ero ocJiaOtBaerb, H vb Banoanu^ 6a3api> coeep* 
nycMberb. Bi Te^eaiH eroro ^kesH cnpoc% aa 

aa 6a3ap1b CHjn>Bo flaifbBfleTCi. Ha KoiBRy cnpoci* 
xoTfl 6ojibinifl 6uBaeTb Bit ^eBpajt H naprb. Ci floKpoaa H 
8aroBeBi> (l ro oKTHCpH IS-ro HoaOpfl) BAyn. ocoCcHHO CHJibBo aa 6a- 
aap'b BbipocTORi*, Rpyneaa fiJiOBHi](a H KOHHHa. Ci> t5 ro BoaGpfl no- 
Rpeii^eBbe cyn^ecTByerb 6oii>moit cnpoci BH jeHi>. Ci* Kpen^eBbfl AO* 
Hacxa Tpe5yeTCJi onoeirb, a cii IlacxH no aaBoaliuy atepeGoRii. CpeA- 
Hifl H Rpyneiiifl flioBHHHUfl mRypu noRyaaiOTCfl orb 1 */ AO 5 
a opOAaiOTca orb 2 AO 6 py6. KOHHHA noRymieTCH orb 2 AO 4 
a npoAaexcfl orb 3 AO 5 py5jett. OaoeR-b noRyoaeTca orb 30 AO 7o R 
apOAaeica orb 50 R. 1 p. 

HTO Racaerca yMCTBCBBaro E BpaBCTeeHiiaro BjiuBia Dpoubicji& 
Ha BBanieM, TO BTO CRasbiBaeTca BO MBorosrb. Bca A'b^iTejbuocTb HBaina, 
KaRi> ocHOBaBBaa ea cjiy^afiBocTH, TpeCyerb npHcyxcTsia 6biCTparo, 
HaBopoTjrHBaro, CM-bTJiBBaro yna Bii qejioBtR-b, HTOOI* McaoJb3OBaTb,. 
yTBJB3HpOBaTb DpeACTaBBBmitica cjyqafi BaBBbiroAB'bttinHM'b o6pa3Oifi>^ 
Karb ocHOBaBBaa^Ba B'bqBOM'b nepeABBiKeBin ci> M^CTR iia M^CTO, Tpe^ 
6yerb Oojibmoit BBepriH, qTo6bi CopoTbca c^ HCMHHyeMiJMM npenarcT- 
BiaMH, qan^e ^cero HBJiaioiAHlfHca B-b BHA'1^ TrojioAa n xojo^a. Bc'b BTH. 
xa^ecTBa p1)3RO 6pocaK>Tca B'b rjia3a RajKAOMy, RTO TOJbRo BtfA^jiT* 
in eft. EcJTH roAi> 6xaronpiaTirbift H nBami} pacTOpryeTca xbpomo 

OACJRAoit o63aBeAeTca, H 'bcrb nojyqioe, H JKCH'b BaKynnrb pa3Bbirb 
noAapROBi; a ecjH* Tojcb ujnoxoft, TO B3BOAnrb Bce Ba 

6631) RpaftBo Heo5icoABMaro, Tepnerb cipamByio iywAy, o no Mipy 
4a vmo He noiideim HUKOW un cooux^ ne nyr/num^, n ecjn ytrb He 
HHRaRoro RCxoAa CBoeiiy TaHfe^ovy nojioffreBiio, TO npoAaerb 
aee H OTopaBJiaeTca Ba OTxoiicie npOMbicjiu B'bMocRBy HJH 
CyeBlbpie BBpoABoe Bbi3tiiBaeTT oTBpaiAeuieRii noAo^naro pOAa 
BOTOpbie 3aBaTbi CAHpaBieirb mRypoRi> ci RonieRi H najibix'b XCRBOT- 
B[iixi>, BM'b AAiorb Ba^BaBie iRHBOAepoBii, Apa^eA, cqntaiorb nxi> no- 
raBfciMH, BH 3a MTO Be nocaAarb 3a OABHT* CTOJIT* ci> ApyrHMH, BHRorAa 
Be noaBOJiarb AOTpOByTBCfl AO RaRoft JB^O yTBapn, HamEn BJR ROBma 

ci. 6ojibmofi Be oxoTofi nycRarorb Irb H36y. Bi} BtROTOpbixi 
BapOAi* BH 3a qTo lie oofiAerb roBtTb BSfbcrb !> KBBOAepanH, 
aoBTOMy npeABa3BaqaeTca oco6afl'A<iH BToro BeA'bja, BMesBO OrpacTBafl. 
Karb BHABo^ BpaBCTBCBBoe AaBJieBie Ba RBaraeit co cTopoobi o(5mecTBa 
o^eBi cRiiiRo, R qToCu opR BTRxii yciOBiflX'b 3aBRMaTbca 
vpOBibicjioM'b, BeoGxoARiiO Re TOJILXO upeBedpe^b MBl^ 

e TOJbRO cTOKTii Bbimc avarb lip^J|pa4eyAKOB^, RO R yM<feTb 

yMliTb yvaaaTi. a4io vecocToii'nftj^araiTb Takoro 
)i1ia<te RMD^ pECvyert o6?iiTLeR 6tn RiUMi R 






-lit- 



ae Msore, y lOTOpuzi* onr 
xiapTipott, xoauay 
TO ecTb, noxenieue 
ci DaBmaro HrnBOTHaro, ooxonoxe AAAYTI* aa KomRv R T. n. 

' * * 



BjiflHieifb npOMbicja Bupa6oTajcfl 

xapaKxepi* HBama, roToearo na BcaRyio 66pb6y, na npOTecrb, 
ce6a BI> npaBli, H ae ycTyoaioiuifl 6e3co3HaTejii>HO 
ctfi'b^ HHKaKOMy AABjeniio. Bi> paaroBopHofi p'bin itBaina< 
nposBJifleTca codHauie co6cTBeHBaru AOCTOHRCTea, TpeooBanie 

ce61b H Kp^^ftuHH A^jHRaxHocTb BI* 
ero njiaBBa, CTpoilBa. ocuucjieBBa, taicbHTO BCBO JLHO 

H ci) TpyAOMi) B'j^pHuib, HTo6bi 8TO 6biJii> DpocTOtt pycckiH' 
FpaMOTEocTb cpeAH HBaiuefi CHJbHo pa3BHTH: B'b 
rpaMOTHbiM> MyiunBi) 200 qeJOBtin>, B-H KopHeBCROM'b 120, BI 

50 !L'j., B'b MaBaceHB^ 50, B'b Fopaxi* 60, B'b /I^yjienoB'b 50 ie-- 
. CpeAH VBaiuefi MOHEHO BCTp-bxHTb paajH^RUH raaeTbi, KaKi TO:^ 
, HoBoe Bpesia, PyccKia B'^AOMOCTH, PyccKift Kypbep'b, MOCKOBV{ 
CRitt TeJierpa'b, MocKOBCRia B'bAOuocTH. TaR'bKaR'bnpoMbiceji'b 

A^HCTBeBBbiMi) epeACTBOM'b RT cyiu,ecTBOBaBiio MBameii, TO, 
OBU cu.ibHO BaiiuTepecoBaHbi T'bM'b, qroCbi Hx-b 

'^flTejbBOCTb OTi;oBi>, a nf/roMy oOyneHic npOMiacjiy 
C'b paBBaro Boapacxa. Jlnuib TOJbRo A'^TH oOynaTca 
BamiBaiOT'i* 6paTb C'b coCoio Ha npOMbiceji; nepeoe BpeMu OBH 

TOJIbRO npHCNaXpUBaiOTCa R'b DpieMaM'b OTUOB'b^ BBaROMaTCa C'b 
H T'bllH lK)AbMH, C'b ROTOpblMH npHAeTCH HMliTbA'bJIO, 

toB^pa H cnoco6bi onpeAliJieuiu SToro AocxoHBCTBa, a 
pyROBOACTBOBTb OTUOB'b DORynaioTb KOiueK'b, oCynaiOTCfi 
u TaRQM'b oOpaaoafb Ma^o no iiajiy H3'b uuxi> 

CO BC^MU OCOGeSHOCTaMH, OTJIHHaiOII^nMH dTIIX'b 



'b nacToaiuee Bpena npoMbicej'b HBameii RjoHHTca RI> ynaARy 

TOM'b CMblCJfb, *iTO OU'b HC MOIKeTb A^BaXb XbXlt VblFOA'b/ Ba ROXOpblK 

npHBbiRjH pacHHXbiBaxb; HeBOJbBbiMH BHBOBUHRaiiH Bxoro aBjiaioxcfl 
caMH xe UBaiuu. PacxoAacb no paBJiBHRbiafb M'bcxHocxaM'b na npoMbicejTk 
H nponaraBABpya BCioAy HenpeAocyAuxeabHocxb H qucxoxy, TaK'b cia- 
saxb, CBoero aaaaxia, HBainn AOCxHrjH xoro, qxo BO HHorfix'b npHJe- 
RI* HHSfb ceaeeiax'b TBepCRofi ry6epBiH, RyAa OBH qaii^e Bcero 

aaa^iHTeibHO oc:ia6io cyeBl^pie, 3acxaBjaBinee 
npOMbicja, a noxoMy MHorie yxe opHHa^ticb 3a Hero, 
OHRypeHiUK) ci KBamaicH, ii xaRHMi> o6p 30Mi, lax'b OBH 
<ox6HJH y Bac'b xj1i6i. B'b BaRJioqeaie onH^aBia axoro pattoBa apex 



BacHjia 
eeja HaaniKOBa niocKOBCKoft BOIOCXH Boiovo^aiiciaro 



1) ^OMOxMmrb BaeiijHI ffniHOni Ee^fManuit' um^bevb^ ovu 
cpexBAFO poera, iiioxaro TibJocjoaeeHijr. 3aimiaeTM 



ero HBaHi BacHibeirb 37 Jibrb Ha. Hemb 



3) /(pyroft cuBi} BacHJitt 25 j-brb BI> 

yi I 4) A^ib VjibflBa BacHibeBHa 23-x'b ji'l&T'b. npflAerb j(jLz ce6E. 

;. 5) CHOxa, TRCBa cbiaa HBanay ARyiBBH MaTBlbeBBa 35 
Txerb Ha ceMbio no 3UMaM'b. ! 

6) BuyKa Ilejiarefl HBaBOBBa 18 I^TB. yCorafl' j^Bafl. pyva 
Hora He 



6peBeB<iaTyio H36y, RpuTyio TecoM'b, pasBflbpbi ROTopoil 
H iDHpRBy no 10 apniBBT*, a BbicoTa s' 

H36bi paBHaercfl 11 RB. caiReHaBfb, a ooi>6Mii 13 Ry6. 
KpoMl BToro HM'beTCfl ABopi*, aii5ap'b, Rpbixbifi coJOMofi, 
7x7 apmH., capatt RpbiTufi cojroMoft paaiiipaMH 8x7 apm. 

TOHCe COJICM(^ pHSMlipaMH 6x6 apiq. H31> CROTa HM^TCfl! 

RopOBbi H OAHBI> TejieBORii. CeMbfl BJiBA'berb BaA'bJiOM'b Ha 

pa^BseTCfl 2,3 



co6cTBeBBaro BeMejbBaro BaA'bJia a OTB 

j 

i 
C'bHa 180 nyAOBT* no 15 K. ' 27 

Pxm 3a BbiiCTOMii cliHiB'b So ii^pi> no 

1 p. 50 R. i . . . 46 

Ouca 3a BblHeTOM'b C'bMHB'b 6 



/ *^"^*"^^ no 3 p 1 p. 

'^ Bbic*BaeTCfl 15 iitpt., ypoiBatt 



, a OBC|i c'bio'rb 24 irl^pbi, ypoacaft 
caM% ifpii. . 

MoiO*IBblXl> npOAyKTaBl* OTb KOpOBli . ^ 30 p. 

J(Ba TeiGBRa BT* roA'fc 3 p. 

oCmecTBeBHaro itagaRa H TpaTitpa- 3 p.. 

Hforo . r~^ . 116 p. 
npoHbicji'b iB5o oret^i* jH6o CUEI 

Fb cpeAHeifb Bit T^j(%. 280300 p. 



MTUFO OTh BpoHbicAli. , . 280-800 p.. 



TOP> 




xo 




1) Itin^a PxcaHott iryKH no 7Vt n. 

no 1 p. 60 R. nyA-B . . . . 144 j[>. . K. 
Vpoxaa lS60-ro roAa zBaxaxo 

1 ' "^ 

15'ro A^K. ...... ' 

CostL 16 . BTB ii<bcai^ no 2 fton. 

*yHTT . . . . . ... . , . Ik p. 60 , 

^OHonjiaHaro iiacjia 10 . B'b roAi* 

' 15 K. ......... 1 p. 60 ^ 

KanycTu ......... 6 p. .. 

Orypi^OBT* 4 Mj^pbi .. ..... 80^^ 

MyRR RpynqaxRH 10 ^. no 10 R. 1 p. ^ 

3t> M*PT. no 20 R. . 7 p. 20 ^ 

nyka 1 nyAT* ho 2 p. 2 p. ^ 
Rpyobi 1 nym> no 1 p. 

80 K. . . . , 1 p. 80 R. 

.CojiOHHHu 4 nyAa no 3 p. . . 12 p. R. 

Pbi6bi 20 . no 15 K. . . . . 3 p. R. 

MoJO4HbIXlnpOAyRTOBT>OXl>ROpOBl> 20 p. R. 

BOARB HBO. BCApa no 5 p. . . . ]0 p. K. 

' 44'. f^ 

Maio 12 . no 1 p. 40 R. (nbK)xi> 

. . 16 p. 80 K. 
Cecxapy 2 n. 16 . (na 1 . ^laio 

8 . caxj^py) no 8 pyC. . . Id p. 20 R. 
BuxoAHxik Ha ..... 2 p. K. 

i ! Hxoro Ha naniy B'b TOA'b . . * 249 p. 90 R. -^ 

) ; . *^ 

1 

CaMOMy canorli <BajieHRa|. ... 5 p. ^ K. 
Cuay HBaey xoe caMoe .... 5 p. K. 
AOnepH H BHyR% Ha o^yBb . lO p. R. 

.Hxoro Ha o5yBb BI> rcAi** . 20 p. i. 

nojyiny6oRfb K xyjyn% 
25 p. Hocaxca nbTb. ..... 5 p. >. 

i||>iiaKi> 12 p. ca 5 

2 p. 40 1. 

Ea TO/Tb . . . ' . . . 1 p. 20 1. 

^75 R. xojbROia 5 

ItTO ^IC^OBl&R'b 

a 

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CHOX'b^nojiyiDy6oR'b 8 p. cjyxrHTk 

j*rb. . . ........ 1 ^ 60 

5 p. cjyHn> 
. ..... ^ 72 ^ 

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hie pacxoAW no 

..-^ijlii^nlfA. . . .,y.T. . 

Haro iiacjia 

>. no 30 K. . . . . i . . 3 p. K. 
.| Hpnqry Ha MOJefeHu, CBtqH H 



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1 rOpmRH, JIOTRRH, 

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v^' 'a Ha noMOJii xj'boa ,^". ; . . . 80 

1 nyAT*'. . 2 " 



dToro Ha pa^Hbie AOMamHie pac- ,,,, 

. 20 p. 30 K. 



, _. ... . .. 

^8) /(poin> BT. roA'b noRyaaetCff Ha,^- J T * \j 20 p. K. 

^^) nacxymHUXT* no 40 R. co miyRH T'^J'ffc^V 1 ** 20 *' ,(> 
7) UoAaxett H noBHHBocxefl . . . . . . . ^ 3^ ^^ * ^^ 

HToro roAOBofl pacxoAi> ceubH npeACxaBjaexii. 405 p. 14 R. 

e. . . . .^ . . 396 416 p. ~ K. 

' ~ * -. 



xo, nan* BVA<IO y HBama ocxaexca HH^ITOX 

06 cCepeseiue, BRpyiM, TaEi cKta4Tb, ji4tf BaAdaig QpoHUCja Ha 6y 
, ecm ace PI>AI BhiHajii Mdj^roapiixttbiil, TO 
9 p. 



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nBama. 



patt> 



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BT* ROHCeeeHUOM'b UpOH3ROACTB'J^ U Ha B03MOHOCTI 
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a BMeHHo: DpOH3BOACTBa RpynHaro. MejKaro H cuponaTHaro 
TOBapOBi. Tenepb Ke.npH p'^meHiH Boupoca o ^opMl^caMoro 0poii3BOACTBa, 

b HeodzoAHMOCTb xaKofi rpyanupoBRH. FpynnHpOBKa 
Be MOHterb 6biTb ROHC^IHO cxporo npOBCAeHa, xaicb RaKi> noaaAaioxca, 
HCRjioHeeiH, H xaRie 3aBOAbi, Roxopue 3aBHXbi 

xaRi> a HejiRHxi* xoBapOBT>. IIoAodHLie 3aBGAbi 
nepBott rpynn'b. 06biRBOBeHHO Bonpoci> o RpynHOCTU npOH3 
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, HO xaRoA npieifb BI* npnifbHeHiH RI> ROxteBeHHOMy npon3B( A- 

npeBejTb 6u Rit AOBOJibHo Kpyneofi oniH6R'b, xaRi* 
3aHHXbix'b npoH3BOACXBOM'b paCoHMxi) pyRi>, He 
AaHHOfifb cjiyna'b pa3M'bpOB'b npoH3BOACXBa, H6o OHO 
He xojbKo OTf> ROJiHHecxBa BupaCoxaHHaro xoBapa, HXO nponop* 
pafioHHxi), HO H oxi> CXOHMOCXH DpoH3BOACXBa n CXOH- 
cbiparo iiaxepbflja, >ixo MO]Rexi> 6bixb Rpafiae pa3Boo6pa3BO npB 
npoBBBOACXBj^, a noxoBy Aoa 3aBOAa npH OABOBI* B xeB^ 
OJHHecxB'b paOoHHX'b, HO npn pa3JHHiH B^b H3roxoBiaeBbix'b xoaa- 
' npeAcxaB^flioxit ABI^ coBepiueHHO paajiHRBbiii 4>opMbi DpoH3BOACXBa. 
yaceeHifl axoro Bonpoca conocxaBHM'b ABa xaRie aaBOAa, BanpfiB^pi 
r. Jyii^HHa BI> r. Pyalb, BaroTOBjaioii^itt ipynHbift xoBap'b B aa- 
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TOBi xaKT> B'Bi A^OB-b aaBOAaxit no 7 nejiOBlirb paGoHBxik, BO 
HBMB 



(Rpynauft 

a^RTaji'b cocra- 

Biaerb 9416 p. 

O5opOTBL>ft KanflTajfh . .17816 
npoH3B. TOFapa 21000 p. 



..... 4614 p. 
06opOTHuii BanuTaji'b. 1108 
. npoH3B. TOBapa . 8500 p. 



9TO conocTaBJieBie DORasuBaerb, <ITO 
iipOHSBOACTBa TpyAa eme He p-fem/ierb BT* 
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npH STOMl) yCJOBlH MOHCeT'b OblTb 



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HCRJIIOHHXeJIbHO o XaRBXl) 3aBOAHX'h, MM 

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xy i;Hpy, Ryxopaa uojiyquxca npa pa3CMOxp'bBiH xojbKo 
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6aBeK> H cejibCR6xo3aticTBeHHiii'Mi> capaeMi). 'KpOM'b 

Heo6xoAHMi> H o6opoTBbitt, Rotopuft. 
ocBOBBOMy. Elai* npeAi^HAyiuaro MU dBaeMii, <iTO oGopoirb. npio 

npOAOJisaetca mecTb M'bcflii,eBi>, H qT6 Bii. iaH'b BxoABti> 
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BMtlUaerb TOJbRO 60 ROnrb, CTOBHOCTb ROTOpbLXl} Bblpa3HTCA.CyMMOM>< 

V vb 180 p., Aft, Rpok* Toro, riaAO na^ecTH 6 nyA. no 30 R.,.<ITO ocTa- 
^BHTb 1 p. 80 R. Kopu TpeGy^TCH 60 n. BO 30 R., xa ecTb na 18 pyfiv 
*caHAajy HBAO 25 . no 6 R. oyH. 1 p. 50 R. BT* o5ii;eiirb Bee BTO co*- 

201 p. 30 R. 
HTaRi> npH RanBTaj'b ORO^JIO 500 p. TOJibRo n MOXCHO uauarb npo* 

^ * ^ 

, a BTO noRadUBaBTb, HTO Be CMOTpa Ha TO, <iTO aTOti> npo-' 
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5 ''^: 1500 p. 

8 nr. ^1*6%. ^'" 
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V/ 



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^% paCKpoA^^ TO peayjlbTHTU 6yAy?lE>, ^^^^,^> ^3> ROiRH 

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1 AO 2 xi) oapi* Tone na 50 E. HJH aa 1 py6. Bee dxo BI> 06- 
cTaBJiaerb orb 7 p. 75 R. AO 8 p. 75 R. a BbmuTaa 
Ha pacRpoft RasAofi ROIEH ^ ^Bu^^jRy Rai* HCJI o3Ba4eBBbixi> 
paBHiiK)ii;ifica 50 R., aaxoAHMik, HTO npn BTHXI* ycjioBiflxi) RaiKAaa Rova 
npOAaeTCH orb 7 p. 26 R. Ao8p. 25 R. BM^CTO BuuieoaBaqeHEUX'b 6 p., 
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857 p. 20 R. Tarb^RaRit BI* . npOMbicj'b y<iaBCT0yiorb Tpn qeiOBtKa, TO 
cj^AOBaTeJbHo RaAuu'b.G8'b HHzi> 3apa6aTUBaeTC2 Bit roAb orb 185 p. V\/ 
75 K. RO 285 p. 73 R. 

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1 nn 40 p. ........ 4o p. 

il no 40 p. . . ^^"''^ . . i2o 

^anoB-b 6 no 4C> p. . . . . 240 

<iaB'h 1 no 40 p. ...... ^0 

iffl3;ip. 2 no^ 1 'p ..... . . 2 

TynHKOBT> 2 no 50 R. .:..... I 

2 no 5'^ K ...... ' . 1 

no 1 p. 50 K. ....... 3 

1 no 5 p. . . . . . . . . . 5 

3ojii>Hyio H flydnyio H36y. . . . . , . 500 

CT cyinmiRaMM. .... 500 

AJIH noptH ........ 200 

Hero Hce . . . . . . . . 200 

HseecTw ........ 80 

paM-b 400 . ..... lOO 



HTOPO. .... 2032 p. 
TaKoft 3anoA'H npn Toex'bM'hcaqHOM'b oSopOTt npOH3BOACTBa 

' 1 j ft I 

BupaGoTHTL 5400 onoeK'b, na HTO HeoGxoAHMu c.it>Ayioiii,iepacxoAiii: 



MaxepbHJi'b: HaeecTH 57 1/2 nyA. no 25 R. . . l4 p. 38 R. 

KopbH aOO iiyA. no 35 R. ... 105 p. R. 

ro.iwiaHA. ciiwH JO n.32 *. no2 p.20 K. 2;-} ^ 76 

KOHOUJI. 27 nyA. no 4 p. 50 R. I2l ^ 50 

. Jiaaypn 22 . no 70 R. . 15 ^ 40 ^ 

5'/ o. no 10 R. . . ^ 5 .^ 

Oxpyoefl 12 n. 24 &. no I p. . . 12 ^ GO ^ 

Hroro .... 293 p. 19 R, 

r ^ . / 

CxporojiK) 3a 3 M*C, paooTbi. . . 24 p. R. / 

QO ^ 



5 paoo4Hjn> no 18 py6. 90 
2-irb no 2 p. BT> Mtc. 12 ^ .^ 
Ha xap^H Bc-feMT* paGogHni.. . . . 22 ^ 75 ^ 

Hxoro. . . . 148 p. 75. R. 



npOB03T>TOB. BT MoCR.nO I'/i K- CO fflT. 81 p. R. 

^pOBi BaAO 7 caiReHi> no 4 p. . . 28 ^ ^ 
CB^4ett .cajibBbixi 13 . no 16 c. . 1 ^ 98 ^ 
KepocHHy 13 . no 5 R. .... ^ 65 ^ 

Bcero. . . . . 553 p. 57 R. , 



H3AepXRaz'b RamAaa mryRa laRnpoBaHearo 
caMOMy npOR3BOAHTejio neuBOro Soi-he lO R. a noiyiacr* 
aa BbiA'biRy mtyRH laRHpOBaBHaro onoftia 25 K. 
oRoio 15 R. <iHeTOi npii6ujii. 



< -<, 






8-ei 

Tpynnli KOveneRHaro npoaaiiOACTBa. p,pB caMom (^jioii> BarjiX* HA 

ne aaiitTHTb Ti^^^^neaHaviHTejiitBuxi* pa^jfl^poe^ pa6o- 
, ROTopaa npiuaraerca Rib nponaBOACTay chipoM^iTWjMX 
H ^TfcfcTBHTejibHo, BT cpeABeMik npiaoAHTCfl 2, 7 pa($oHBXii Ba 

. B.i> BToft rpynn* npeo6jnA'K>iA"Mi> pa6oqHirb 

BU oAHoro aaseAeBia CT> 
HaeMBbiHH paCo^BMB, ROTOpue B'h Oojibuiefi qncTB cjy- 

RanecTB'b noA^HHbix'b. 

9x0 npoB3BOACTBo oHeHB Bc saTliftJHBO, BC iTpeOycTb ocoCaro A<H 
ce6fl noM'bii^eHifl, oco6bixi> npncnocoGjieBiit ujiHpa3Hhixi>HacTpyMeBTOBi 
PacxoAi> Ha o^sabeAenie orpaBHRHBacTca RpaitHe He3Ha4HTejibHoft cyM- 



MaJIRa AJIH ROTR'b 8 p. 50 R. 



40 , 



OxaHORT) AJ ptSRH peMBeft . . . . ^ 50 ^ 

pl>3RU peMBe^. . . . ^ 15 ^ 

Hxoro .... 4 p. 55 R. 



- ,^. ^ . H xaRTi cyMMa B'b 5 p.| BBOJIB^ AOCxaxo.iBa p.Jia ocHOBHaro 

':-i^' Taja. OOopoTHiiiti we Rannrajti) cocxaBJiaioxT> niKypti, KOJiMqecxBO RO 

' L^ TOpblXT) MOJKftX'b 5uXb npOHQBOJbBO MRJO HJH PeJHKO. npOH3BOACXBO 

.oi I Bxoft rpyonbi He orpaoHMUBaexca OABOK) BUA'bJiROK) cupOMHXBwx'b Rowb, 

' /'X. \ ' *'^' ' ^ * * * 

a HAexi} A^^^ii^Bie: BiuA'l^-iaHebifl ROTBH padpl^saioTcn Ha peMBH n ynce 
BxoMTj BHA'b nocxynaiox'b B'b npOAajKy. Haib ^^ByxTi niRyjj^ oSbiRBO- 
Buxo,<iHX'b lUOO peuHeii. UlRypbi CBa^aja y^Hraxca Ba janbi niH* 

pBHOK) B'b 1 BepIUOR'b Hll/2apUI. AJIHBbl, 3aX'feMlt RRHCAHa Jiana Bl> CBOIO 

pa3p'fe3aexca Ha 8, 4,2MacxH,H coo6pa3Ho cii 
Ba BHX'b: npB janKaxi* B'b 8 peuBett loOO nx'b 
Bep6jiioa(befl KOKH CXOHXT> 6 p. B3'b RopoBHHbi lO p., 



'>. fc> - 

' ^ 'ft . 

-,.. Cu<ibHX'b lURypij 19 p. 9xa n.'bBa Ba cRpeGeebiii peMeHb; JinueBoft we 



npoA6Tca Ba pyojb AOpOHce RBHtAuii cepxT*. 11 pa 
pCMHa ^bHa. yABOHBaexca. H3T> OABofl jUTyKn uw^nuy BbixoAHTb 300 
'b qejiOB^R-b B'b TeieBin ABH BioaceTi} H3p'1k3axb 4 ROXH. 
R03KH no;iyiaexca no 4 *. oOplJ3oR'b, cxoioiuHX'b 10 R., 

-| / "'^ raepcTB H Ma3Apbi nojiy*iaexca xowe RaxcAoti Ba 10 R. niiypbi a^oBHH- 
y Bbia noRynaioxca DO 4 p., Bfep^aiovbH no 6 p. napa, 6u4bH no 8 p. 

H ubiCHRi) no 1 p. 30 R. uixyKa. OAHBI* MCJioB'bR'b BI> cocroaBin 
mepCTb ci l5 uiRypi>, ocRpeOflxb eiuRyp'b H cMaxb npB 
20 BOpOBbiixi niRypi, 16 BepdJiiO}SbHX' H 12 luxyBi* OuibBxii. Pa6o- 

CblpOMiTBURH C-b lIORpOBft^ ^ ilaCJl|f. O^OpOXT* 

2 Mi^ecic!!*. xort no ct^cefQ .4)f)ii Mori* ^ uuxb K 



9Toro cpova 

\ 



, 7 pa6e<iixi OKOJio 170 Kovb, HE ITO 

no 3 p. nc^ 4, no 8 p. 610 p. K. 680 p. t. i860 p. 



aa 

. pBGoTu no @. . . 10 p, 40 K. 10' p. 40 B. 10 p. 40 B. 
Ha xapqH paCo^teity xpa- 

no 20 B. BT. AHb. . 6 p. 20 B. 5 p. 20 B. 5 p. 

* *^ 4 

^v . . . . "f 

17 nyA. n 6 p. 40 K. . . 108 p. 80 B. 108 p. 80 B. 108 p. 80 B. 

flpOBOB'b ffl MoCBBbl 11 B. 

o BiBypbi H caMOBiy (^BJierb 

'1 p. 20 B 19 p. 91 B. 19 p. 91 B. 19 p. 91 B. 

Hxoro. . . 654 p. 31 B. 824 p. 31 B. 1604 p. 31 B. 

A npoj^aiOTCfl mBypu no 4, 5 n 9 p. 50 B. HTO cocTaB4fle'rb na 
napTiio 680 p. 850 p. I6l5 p. BBJioBaro AOxoAa, ^HCTbitt se 
SyA^Tb Bi* nepBoifb n BO BTOpoifb cjiyqa'b no ^^^5 p. 69 B.,a vh 

llO p. 69 B. TaBl> BaBl> CblpOMflTHHBfl BblA'ikJIblBaiOTb H3O 
8THX1> COpTOB'b. TO A^-^^A*^ HXt A^^^^H"^ O.blTb BLIpaffi6Bl> Cp6J(' 

Beio in3'b npeA'bHAyniHxi) ARiDpi), BOTOpaa paBHaexcfl 54 p. 2 B. TaBie 
nojiyqaioTca npe H3roTOBjieHiH TaBi> Ba3UBaeMaro 
^^ HO< ecTb H Apyrofi copT^ peMHefi, HMCHHO 

E3rOTOBJieHiH 






170 mxyKT* no3p, 
4 p. g 6 p. ...... 610 p. K. 680 p. K. 1360 p. . 



Ua xapHH pa5oReMy no 

B'b ACBb b p 20 B. 6 p. 20 B. 5 p. 20 B. 

Macja nocTHaro 17 n. no 

L60 B 96 p. 20 B. 96 p. 20 B. 96 p. 20 r. 

taHoft MyBH 17 n. HO 1 p. 17 p. B. 17 p. -^ B. ^ 17 p. B. 

npOB03T TOTT, KC. . . . 19 p, 9l B. 19 p. 91 B. 19 p. 91 B. 

' t. ; - 

:i . HTOFO. . 657 p. 71 B. 827 p. 71 B. 1507 p. 71 B 




3a26A.no . ^ 
irb ACHb ........ *lOp. 40K. 10 p. 40 K. lO p. 40 



me BTork Tosapi, aii ysBe CBaaaHO, pyCieir* 
Boieify npHfiiiUb BHXOH3ifiMi6TCfl Tan: BI> nepBovk BO iropoirb 

om <lyAerb 107 p. 29 B., a Fb DOCJiABein* 192 p. 29 B., Tfo \_^ _^ 

rb 1B6 p^ 62 B. TaBi BaB% eupOMflTBBBB B3roTOBUBr 
e eBnoHBTejbBO BOTppui JM6o cofm peMBett, a o6a copra, TO, ^oo- 

' f 

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54 p. 3 ; H l85 p. 6) *., ^TO eOCTaAHTIk 84 



qpocxfipaexca AO 5B8 p. 92 R., AA RpOB* axoro 
Bi> BBA* oOp*30R>, mepcTB, Ma9Apu AAIOX> C] 
Bcero Bupyiaexca 6l9 p. 92 R. 05biRaoBeBBO pa^oxaiOTB 
CBOHxi B OABEii Haenkbifi) Bjraxa RoxopOMy BOBiia BI* pacxoA'b. 
Bo^crBa, cji'bAOBaxeJbHO RawAuft > IJCBI* ceMbB uovteTb Bbipa6oxaxi> 
C9 p. 96 R. 

Pa3o6paB'b ^opMbi, B'b Roxopbix'b BBjiaexca BoaieBeBBoe npOB3BOA- 
B 3BaHeHi6 ero BI> RaacAofi oxA*JibHott rpynn* no pa3Bi'bpaM'b oc- 
I BOBBaro B oCopoxHaro RanBxajOB'b, a xaRve BbiroA* ifMi 
^^'o6paxBMca RT. ApyroMy BaKaouy <i>aRxopy QpoH3BOAexBa xpyAy. 
^ ^)fCxaBHxejaMH xpyAa aBjaioxca pa3JiB*iBt^e no oxBooieHiK) 
*' cxBy JIWAB; OAHB H3'b HBX'b coeABHaK)XT> BT> 065* B xpyA'b B npeAnpiaxie, 
RaR'b 9XO Mbi BHAHsfb iionpeHMym6CXBy B'b oepBoft rpynn*, Apyrie 
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^J8i' ''''' ' ' 

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II B III rpynnax'b. Ha 8xoit nocji*AH6fi a>opM* xpyAa uu B 



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o6ii;e, oxjieqaioTca cBoeio npocxoxoio, ae xpeoyioxi> oco5aro 
CO cxopOHu pa6o4aro, a noxoxy Moryxi> duxb 



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*' A'bJibHO 500 onoeR'b. CunaJibmBKH, xo ecxj>, 3aHaTbie 

MoryxT* Bb ACHL 3aci)iaaxb 150 H ?00 Roarb, CMOXpa noxowy pa- 



6oxaH)rb ju OBB B'b RauecxB* aOomixi* HJIH CRMR Ba ce6a. 9xa 



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9aBOA*iHRdB%, patkxru Hxyn orb i-xi* <iaoovb yrpa 

vpyritalt irbAi*, y neiKHX'b ve pa6oqee vpe pacnpe- 
H Bi>.ApyrHX'b rpynoaxi*. H3i> eroro 

pa ^aca na OTAux'k H It^y- Ha 
BpeMH padoTbi CHJIBBO 
ALCRiH pa6oTu. BTO 
o6ycjiOBJBBHe'rb Bpenfl ^^ q^oRi> aaitifa 



OXlk HORpOBa B AO I'bXBBX'b paOOTb, npB 

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TA'b B'b pa6oxax'b npBBBMaK)XT> yqacrie B HJieBbi 
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96, 100 H 120 p. B'b roAT*, aaxtMT. cjitAywx'b cbinajibu;nRM, noiy- '; 
no 8 pyd. B'b M*caEt'b, a ocxajbBbie pa6o4ie nojiy4aK)XT> v C . 
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50 Ron. B'b ACBb Ba xoaaficRBXT. xap4ax'b. KpoM* Bapocjbix'b ^pa6o- . 

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ifi 
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BU'bxb oco6oe nOMlin^eHie menAu^Ky^ Roxopaa ou'bBHBaexca Brit. ^ 
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BO4ex'b, xo pa3Ml>pi> ocBOBBaro RannxaJia axHxik 
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Pa3M%pbi o6opoxHaro RanHxaja AOBOJibHO pa3.iH4Hbi: 
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pexnoj'bBHbix'b APOB1>, Roxopaa CXOHXI> 13-14 
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aa A^caxBHy oxi> 200 AO 300 py 6. Bi* nocA'^AHeM'b cjiyqali 
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30 : 



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- 31 



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ORpacRH ynoxpeojaexca o^yRCHHii. H3'b HBOBbizi* npyxbeBi 
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pHcyBKOBi, GyiiavHHUbi, cyxapenuu, lUHpHbi, rpOMyuiRH H 
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uenaTHHRa TpeSyexcfl OTA*Jiii>Hoe pa6o4ee noM-bmcHie, 
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BHJIBHyiO nCHb, HTO CTOHTT> TOHie AO 50 p., KpOM* TOFO CSiy 

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AByxi ceMeft nenaxqnROB'b paBHaexca 400 p., u-bHHOCXb Hfe 
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CO BpeweHM BOSBHKuoBCHiH B'b Acp. lUapanoBoit qacoBaro npo- 

. nocji'lJAHHM'b SAtcb sasHMaroxca B'b 6 

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HyBCXByexca xoibEO nun naaabiiux'b pa(5oxax'b. ixo 






68 

H BHCxpyMeHxaMH, ROTOpbie ynoxpe6jifiOTCx npm 
npOH3BOACXBlb, nepBoe Mlbcxo, no cpaBBHxejibHoil 
3aBHMaeiiaro npocxpancxBa, npHHaAJieatHxit moKapnoMy cmanKy. Ha 
npoH3BOAHxcfl npeABapHx&ibBaa noAroxoBRa BC'bxi* Rojeci, T. e. ORpyr- 

HX1>. OXHHCXRa MaflXBHROBli. CBBB^lBie npOBOJIORH JLMa. 

f f A ' ' 

BHaxoBi* H ApyriH X. n. paOoxbi. ToRapHbitt cxaHORi 

Bit 12 py6. npH BBMi ynoxpe($jiflexca AO 20 paaJH^Haro 
I ManiHHORi A<iiH Hap'Ii3biBaHifl BHHXOBI*. 
"^ llocji'b xoRapBaro cxaHRa o6pan;aexi> Ha ce5& BHHMaHie dntAumej^^-^ 
Han MaiuuHKa^ npeAHasHaqaeMaH j^Jia Hap'b3RH 3y6Maxux'b Roieci*. VcxpoM* 

Ra pHcyHRa. ^exbipe H;eji'1b3Hbie cxoJiCHRa, Hir&ioii^ie no '/i apm. Bbi- 

I, CBOHMH ROHI^aMH B^'^JiaHbl Bl> AB'b :!KeJ:%3HblH e, Bl> 
n^aCXUHKH, HJIH AOCRH-, R-b BepXHett nJiaCXHHRib, HAH 

A npHRD^ujieH'b KMieen^ Q. IIocJi'^Ai^ift Ha mapHHoaxi* cc CBO- 

f f *' f f 

i^uMaexcfl H onycRaexcfl no HanpaB.ieHiK), oxifbqeHHOiiy Ha 
iiyHExnpoMi). MciRAy MexajuiHqecRHMH AQCKaMH Ha BepxHRajB- 
OCH yxBepJKACBo A'^^'iiHxejbHoe ROJieco S, BpamaxejibHoe ABHHceHie RO- 
xoparo MOHteTi) 6t>ixb npeKpau^aeMO 3anopRoit D, Roxopaa HawHuaexca Ha 
ROJieco npyjKniioit E. IIpeAHaiHaqeHHbie RI* Hap'I}3R'b MexajiJiHqecKiH 

Ha BepxHift KOHei;T> OCH, RHR'h 9x0 noRa3aHo Ha 
\. Hap'B3Ra npoH3BOAHxcfl 3y64axbiM'b ROJiecHROMi* F, 
iia ropH30Hxa;ii.Hoft OCH. IIocjiliAHHa npnBOAHxca Bit 
jiyqROMi>, Roxopbiii O^URHOBCHHO HaxoAHTca BI> npaBott pyR^ pa6oxaK>- 
ii^aro Ha HBUJMHRII nacxepa, jiliBOK) e pyROK) Macxepi* xo aoXuHaen*, 
xo onycKaeTb RJiaDem>. /I^^jinxe JbHaa narnHHRa oi^'I^HABaexca Bii 10-^12 p. 
H cjiy5KiixT> y qacoBmnKOBT* oqeHb AOJIFO, He xpeCya 3HaqexejibHbirb 



-V* 



(CM. pnc. 2-il), ynoxpe5jfleMiiitt 

iipODGpxRH A^pi) wb ROJiecaxi> H A^HH nojupOBRH HXI*, npi- 
BT> ABHate.Hie xoae jiiyHKOMi>. CxaHoR'b axoxi. noRynaexca BT> 

MOCRB'b, CXOHXT> 4 p. ' - - ' > 

Kpoifb xoRapHaro cxaHRa, A'b'BHxejiLHott ManiHHRH H pyqHaro cxan- 
nacoBn^HRH HyacAaioxcH eme B'B cji*AyiomHXT> 

^ cxoroin.HX'b AO 5 py6, 
^ cxoion^HX'b 1 p. 50 R. ^' 

UAocKOly6^ax^ (^jaRCRHRH), njiocKifl H Kpyrjuii'iib'W K 
(RjieniUHHRH'). 1 p. 80 R. ;jii(. :; 

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1 p., 
40 R., HoaceBRt npocrott 10 K. 

- 



ocxpie uojyikpyrioc. 

Hexnpei'b-rpARHoe 



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Manmaita xia OTJHBKR 

DJtacTRuoirb, 



KT> njiacTHHRAMi OBOJO inap- 

. OxjniBHiiia MamnaKH noxynaiOTca ^lacoBiiiHKaMH no 1 p. 
MarepiajiOBn* y HacoBouiKOB^ C4y}Ba'rb AJ> cxaHROBik ii 

ejoBoe A^eBO, A^fl CByTpeHBHXii Macxefir-jaTyBb, n^AHaa n 
Baa DpOBoiOEa, inniaTp'b, ^BUR'h, HyryH-h(AJifl rwpb). JlaryBh 
cji paaJtHMBaa: AJIH BHyTpeHHiirocTaHKa6oeBb>xi> qncoB'b 23 <yHTa BI* 
i, A'BflcraBRa BeooeBuxi) HHCOBT* ynoTpedjiieTcajiaTyab lo^yHTOo-b BI> JIH- 
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4 yn. BT jiHcrb. PaaHRua BI. Rtc* Bbipaacaei'T* co6oio TOJmHHy jraTyaaaro 

aHCTa,TaRT>RaRT Mtpa JinCTOB'bBOBC'feX'bCJiyHaHX'b OAHHaROBa. UpOBOJORa 

ynoTpe6jifleTcacj*AyK)mHX'b jViMi: Xa 8 AJI HO/icoK'b HT cxaaKt, >B 17 jJia 
naaxRBro noroBHHRaH^ 20AiiiHU'bnoHCK'b;H;ejit3Hafl npOBOJOKa^^ 13A<iff 
KOJeca, >fil2 A-iacROooHRH RI* HaaTBHKy, X 21 A<I 

ROXOpOit BHCHTb MaHTHHK'b, JV*9l7AJia CROURH, 3a ROTOpyiO 

14 ynoTpe6jiaeTCH n:in BiiuxoB'b. Hlniaxpii 
naexca xycioii'b; HSI* Hero BbiJHBaiox'b Kojieca, HaauBaeMua 
no axiiMi) Roiecani'b XOAHXI> nacoBaa u.'bnoHRa. U^HHRI* 
B'b ynoxpeSjieHie ua GoKOBbia cx'IieKH ^BBtaAOHRu^. Kpoai-b 

MaxepiajOBTj HACTTJ eu^e B'b ynoxpeOjciiie tnpunKa JS'*8i\j 20, 28, 
15 n 8. TpHnRa ecTb mecxH H BOCbMU-rpaHHaa cxajibaaa naJ04Ra, no- 
xoa;aH Ba xo, IRBV^ ecjH 6u H'JbcROJibKO BuaajibHiiix'b Hyjio4Hbixi> cnHUi> 

CJOSTHXb BBltCXl. TpMIlUa HM^BXl) b 7 BeplUROBli A*iIHBbl, CXOHX1> OHa 

20 R. Pa3py6aH ee na 18 Hacxefl, Macxepij noJiyMaexT> Haconua mecxep- 
HH. Jlvm\AJi 6oemAJi KOACca noRynaioxcfl roTOBbiMii na 
noRynaioxcfl nouapno, Coenan npyoteuna noKynaexoi -noinxymio; 

noRynacTca Ha BliC'b. Becb axox'b Maxepiaa-b DpioOplixaexca 

BT> CROSflHOM-b paAyjff^ fV,'f"'-- rh"-i* r / ' ''. . r"'?:T 

Bnyxpe MacxcpCRHXi* aaroxonRa Maxepiaja npOHCxoAHX'b o6biRao- 
cpa3y Ha 6ojit>e HJH MeH^e 3HaMHxejii<Hoe ROJiimecTBO opeAMe* 
TOBi. TaRi., ecjH npeAnoJiaraexca paOoxaxb HcSocBbie ^acbi, xo aaroxoB- 
jiaioxb Maxepiaja aa 100 mxyRii nacoB'b, GCJIH /Ke GoeBbie, xo Ha 50. 

BT> A^<KO Jiiicxii jaxyHH paau'biaexcfl i;HpKy;ieBrb H 
Ha MacxH, aai-biib no BaM'bMeHBOMy pa3p1}3biBaexcu 
. EcjiH F3'b jBcxa Hap'b3aHiii RpyiRRH AJia ROJieci), xo xaROBbie, 
oojwoft o6p%3RH, uocxynaioxi na xoRapabift cxaaoKi), rA'b ^x'b oRoaqa- 
TBJbBo ORpyriaioxit, oxHHu\aK)XT., a nocpeAna'b CBepaax'b oxBepcxie. Ci 
Toxapaaro cxaBRa xaKoe ROJieco nocxynaexi* aa ^l^s.vitQ^Li^^'yv^ MamaaRy, 
FA^ Ha Heirb Hap^3aH>xca ayOba. C'b Al^HxejbBott^ MainaaRH ROJieca no- 
CTjnaioxi. yve npaMO BI> A'bio. CAH H^'b Jincxa ObiBaioxi* aap%3aHbi 
luacxHHRH Aia cxaaa, xo xaROBua nocxynaK)xi> BI> XHCKB, rA' 
OA*iHn;aM)xi noAnHORaiia. Oapyrjeaie na xoRapaoMi} cxaaxlb H 
^cxna noAnBJRaiiH npOH3BOAflxca yneaiiRaMH, wA xe ocxajibHbia pa6o- 
^, vu DpoH3BOAaTca caMHMH MacxepaMH. lloAroxoBRa Maxepiaja aa napxiv) 
(50 100) xpe6yexT. BpeiieaH 



1 



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ocoduxi* iiacTepcvHn. 
TO 

MacTepi> ii3'b M'bOTflriix'b 

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RpacRff. 3appyHTOBaB'h napTiio i^Bo^epfijtaTOB' 
noMou^iio UHpRyjifl npOBOAHTik Ha HHX'b (laeoBbie RpyrH, 
Ha rjiaa-b orb pyxn nMtnerb pHMCRie vjii9pvi. PauiniHue o^idb- 
pncyiOTCH HM-b yTRe nocjilb, HliMib onj> H aaRaa^HBaerb caon 






npoH3noACTB*, KOTOpoe cymecTBycT-b TcnepL 
niapanoBott, 3BeHHropoacKaro yb3J^a, eadjiioAaeTca aHa^HTaiBHoe no* 
pa3A*.ieHie TpyAa McacAy OTAiJJibHbiMH aiacTepcKHMH. TaRi* MM 



BHAHM'b, HTO npOH3BOACTBOMT> MaCOBT* BA'^Cb SaHaThl COSCTBeHHO 4 MaO- ;: 

1TO Ha BTH nexhipe MacTepCKnxT> HM*ioTca 



cTaHEn HacoRii; aax'lbu'h nM'biDTCfl eii^e OTAl^Jibnua macrep* 



pauoTHioTcu M^fl.Hbit MacTH Hacouuxb uexaHH3MOBi>, H Mae- 
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OTHOUieHIfl Me%*A laCOBlUHRaMH H aCoxaiOn^RMH Ha 



Ha cji*AyK>u^H 't'b ocHOBaHlax'b: nojiyqaH oi'b na- 
JHCTU no Bibcy, 



paDBHK)ii;iticH CTOHMocTH nojiyqeHHaro Maxepiaja. ()TJiHTbifl 

npHHOCHTT> qaCOBmHRy,KOTOpbltt npMHHMaCT'b nXT IIO'Bl&Cy H 

uo cqcTy; 3a naaAbift oT.iHTbift SypaMCKTi AJIH rHpb 

no 5 KOII. CTOjapbi, neTopbie H3roTOBjiaR>'rb 



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Bce if3i> CBoero ^HTepiajia, aa Bbipa6oTaHHbia viz^f^Jiia OHH 



njary. HTO KB Racaerca iRRBonHcua^ TO oai* 
njiaTy no 5 R. ci> RaApaaa (AHa>ep6jaTa). Bi* OAHHI* 



Mowerb pacRpacHTb AO COTHH mxyR'b, HO pa5oTa ero Bpeaiee-'' 



Haro xapaRTpa. TaRi> RaRi KpacRH j^Jia. CBOHXI paOorb 
nojyRaerb orb MacTepa <iacoBu^[Ra, TO noaToiiy OHI* cTaHOBHTCH 
Heo6xoAHMocTi> paGoTaTb ToibKo Ha Toro xo3aaHa, ROToputt A&crb eiiy 
xpacoRi). BbiAaBaa RHBOOHCuy RpacKH, ^acoBii^HRi> Ceperb 
BiicTHaro pasMlipa cyMMy A^I^^^*^) ^^^ BiiAl} 3ajiorau*^'i <)r>K' .> 

'' ''" Bell BTH cTojHpu. irl^AHiiRH H xMBOHHCei^ npoH3BOAflrb pa6oTy 

f f '^ M. A * 

ce6f la Aony. UaeMHbie pa(5o<ti6 MA ti^ii MltoTHuxi> Rp 

caHHoe laiii xaji\BiiHie nojiaraeTcx 9*>t(^)>M tip zoMftcaoirL ^^^ , . v 

HO TaRoe KaaoBiiRie AAOTCI no^i yc.ioaiefe'b HaBfteMAro ypmtti, i 






HO rkMib He 

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Macxepoai^ /lacw, HaKaHyHV npicMHaro AHH, paaBtraH- 

BaiOTCH HM'b 110 CT*HaMT MaCTCpCKpfl || I^JCUaWTCfl B-b XOAT*. HaCM, KO- 

jKe,,jicnpaBjHioT:ca MacTepoiii; lo- 

orb MacTepa 



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ycjiOBif paSorb, npHaaTua B'b MapxeipCRHX'b 
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npMHaBOACTB* nacoBi. npHBHuaioT-b ynaCTie H najioJitTHie Mya- 
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OohiRflOBeHHO B'b yneHbe CepyTca MajibMURH C'b 10 11 Jitrb, cpOROM-k 
na 4 6 j-brb, npn neai-b aaRJiioqaioTca AOMainaia ycjioBia, no ROTOpbiMi* 
iiacTep'b-xoaaHH'b odaayexca BhiyqjaTb uaibHHRa CBoeMy MacTepCTBy, a 
no OROHqamn cpoi^ yqeeba narpaAHTL ero 15 20 pyOjaan; Ta CTO- 
pOHa, ROTOpaa' OTAaelT* wajibHHKa, oCaayeTca BG 6patb AO -oROnqaTejib- 
naro cpoRa y^iekba. IloCTynMBmitt B'b MagTepcRyio MajbHuki* CT nep- 
Baro we APa CAaeTca na pyRH R-b Macxepy, noA'b pyROBOACXBOM-b ROTO- 
parq OB'b H npoxoAHTb Rypci* cBOero yneHia B'b npoAOJUHrcBiH 2 8 
roAOBi; aax'bM'b orb wacxepa ira H-hKoxopoe Bpena ero oTcaHBaK)XT> n 
OHi Bcio pa66xy npoHaBOAHXT> yace caMOcxoaxejibHo c'b uanajia AO ROH- 
Bxo HCDbixanie A'iHxCa OROJO nojiyr^oAa. ECJIH aa axo BpeMH 
onawexca BnojiH'fa yAOBJiexBopHxejibHOK), xo ero 
OAHorO, xaR'b rxo AO '^ROBqaHia cpORa yneeba 
caMOcxoaxeibHo; eCjiH we RcnbitaBie Aftcxi. njioxie peayjibxaxbi, xo yne- 
HORa BHOBb caiRaK)xi> Ri> tnoMtf xe Macxepy n BxopHqearo HcnbixaHic 
My ywe ne A*JiAexcH. Btjpo^iea'b nocj^AHee o(JcxoaxejrbcxBO cjyiaexca 
oqL ptARO. JIpH OROHqafiin cpORa ynettia MewAT MacxepoM-b-xoaiM- 
n pOACXBeHHHitaMti yqeRi^Ra cBOAaxca cqexH, cocxoamie BT 
HHfcia nporyjbHbix-b A^iett, Koxopbie cAtJiaebi yqe- 
DO 6bitaHH HJH nOHesiy Apyi'OMy. 3a RawAuit no HeyBRwrrej*- 
npBHHuaMl> n^onyc^eBHuft AeHb yqeRHR'b oCaaaH'b cyxpa6oTaTb xoaa- 
aai ABa jKe J^Brf, B'b iroxopbie OH'b dan. Sojen*, onii otpaCaxu- 






apiioAintfl 'jriefliKy npoxHTB FB MactepCRbtt xoisnaa. 



noiaraiOTCc 



ie cocronrb Bii: toirt, "iro 



yrbiqaer-b BcXko, k oaH^ xpoiili ^ H 

B<i xi>pO 

We Bp^He^ tic^tyimiifiii CBoero 

iiacTepcRyio Ha^HHaerb DpkttbcBTb saiilbTByio noibay xoaaHHy 
oDBMtpa M02KHO yEa3aTb 3Albcb Ha TO naMtneine BI> KOJ[HiecTB% 
aift, saKoe npoHaeoAnTCd OAHHMI> kacTepOH'b 6e3i> nonou^n yqeuHva H 
. Bi> nepBOni* cjy^iali > MacTepi> Be6oeBEdrB <iaeoifb 

TOJbRO 30 lutyR'b, t^ uaj[bniKOBirb' we otfii 
40 uiTyin>, CocBux-b qacoBi> OARH'b MacTepi> A'^'Aerb 12 mTyEi 

16 



, BaEHMH 

aaHHMaxLCfl MacoBbiirb npoasBOACTBOM'b; npexfAe Bcero 
onpeA'l^'iiHTL pa3M%pi ocaoBHaro RanHrajia racoBu;HRa. 

TORapHblft CTaHOR'b BMy CTOHTb .... 12 p. - K. 



. . Py^Hoft cTaHOH-b . ,%"''. . ^%;, . 4'!, ^ jft 

/TnnP Tnoton-fc ;fl '^si Iftt: OairoYfitOf c , t A .,, 

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fi- HTOFO ocHOBHutt EanaTaji} paBHHeTca. . > , 40 p. 60 B. 

DlOB3BOACTBa COTHU 

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'M<ir> Hjff DlOB3BOACTBa COTHU .HaQOBl* 6e31> 60H ppOH3BOAHTejlIO Tpe^ 

^ ..... ^...,,.M. ...,...,,, T.ijj^. n,^^ Lif4.irj' \44 

^yeica: ?^H:'"t.v:.::':.r'-v ; ^r:, r-y |^,..^ 

JlavyaH ToacTott 30 yn., no -34 K. aa^,j.^j^,. jsj; ;,/^^v' .'0 p.. 20 K^ 

'#"%., no 16 .yH. BT. iHCT* 1 yH. \ '-^'''""i^ 'iVf/'tfa '"" "' ^ 
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no8 , , ,_^_^^^ ^ .^ 

3 n".. no 10 K. . *yH. -. ..^^ - 3 

noUon. 



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uix:jc,>o<^ AJIH MtnoqcRi 8 <&, no 38 Ron..^,A.^^^^8^ 04 

w naaTHHROB'b !?/ . no 38 i. V . *~^^ 57 ^ 

npOBOJORH M 12 V, o. H J^ 13 1 Vt 9>. no 15 iif'.'Sa'i. " ' 30 ^ 

15 naioiTb no 20 B. . . ^ 3 ~ 



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^ttejllJ3HOtt npOBOJlOKH A'M BHHTOBT> H CR()50Rl 2 *. nO ^ t. 40 

Hyryiia Aia rnpb 2'/i nyAa uo 1 p. 70 R. 3a nyAi. .'- ^- * 4 
CTp*4oin. 100 napi> . . . . ^, . . . /^ ! >t 

MtAHWx-b 6ypaHROB* AJIB mpi 10<f inTyKi no 5 R. ". '? t ,-- 

100 mTyKi UH4>q)64aTOBT. . . ...... .... 7 ^ 

AepeBjiHHiax.% CTaBKOD'b no 50 IOK. xxnK^nn pa . . . . 4 10 

UTOFO ofiojiOTBwH wuiBiMii lacoMivita 00 woay {mseieTy 



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ireGoesaro roBapa sarotoima xl^aetcfl ea 100 
mryc-b nacOBi* cpaay, na GoeBue ve MRCU a^ 
TOJbKo Ha 90'iDTyRib; nepBUxi* iracTepi* tbrAtjckBaerb iit> 
80 mTyRii, Do^alvAbfik-b }ue Moxerb CA^^JiaTL BI neA^io 12 
Ba 50 mxylEii nocjl^XfiHtro copTa <iacoBi> 



TOJCTptt jaxyH^ 35 ^yn. no 34 koa. aa oyHTb . . . . 'it p. 90 Ki 
yHH, no i5 <iyH. li-b jiucirli) *2 *yH. H^ 'no 8 ; 



, 5 oyH., iicerd 7 oyn. no 37 K. aa yHTT.. , 2 59 
inniaxpy 3 *yH. DO 10 Konr " .' : . . . t'^X*-^. '*>>> iiL :;;^ 30 
3 4>yii. no 14 Kon ............ ^ 72 

npciBOJiOKH W *yH. no 34 Koni^' 

. no 19 Kou. 



no 38 






2,<tyH. no :^0 

2Va nyAa no 1 p. 70 KOU.^^. j^^, 

CoeBott no 10 Kon. nixyua >;.,tft,, '.j ^u 
GypaHKH AJJi I'Hpb no 5 Kon. nixyna'. 

GocB. KOJiec'b 8 <pyH. no 33 Koa. , , . . -^'^-^"i 2 ^ 64 
50 nap-b cxp-bJOKii. 
10 



|^epCBflHHblx^> CTRHKOBT. Ha . . 31^0^^ !:|1 V % " . : 3 ^ 40 
I UTOJO o6opOTHbiA Kann-rajit Hacouu^HKa nini 



CT, GoCM-b aBHHeTCfl * ^^H' 9 ^ gQ 



noRaaaeia AOXQAHOCTH, nojiyMncMofl npoHSuoAHrejiaMH orb CBO- 
aaHHxifl, npHoeAt'M'b SAlJCb HH3Kec;i*iyK)ii;ie pncHexbi: ^-i 

j 1 SaxpaMHoafl 43 p. Ha MaTepiajn>, njiaxfl sa nepepaGoxny cero Mare- / 
piaJa KajionaHbeM'b Macxepy 7 p. (jKJiJiOBaHbe cHHTaexCH no 9 p. B-b 
, HO HMliexcfl npw BTOMT* BT> BiiAy, HXO wacxep-b 100 HcCocubix'b 
ycntBaex'b CA*Jiaxb B-b tpw HeA'I^iH H 2 AHO), nojiaran na 
Macxepa no 15 K. B'b Acnb, c.i*AOBaxeibHo Bcero 3 p. 50 K., Ha 

3 p., Ha npoBoai. xoeapa C'b KawAoft COXHH no 2 p.,-. 
HaAepaiHBaexT* ncero 58 p. 50 K. OXT> npoAaiKH nte xoBapa OHT*. 
Bcero 65 p. Cj'bAonaxcjbHO y Hero ocxaexca HHCxott npH6bi- 
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6amMauonROBi>, BI> RaaiAott na'iRli He Gojl^e 3-4 Roxrb 
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canorb npOAaioxcfl roxoBbie KPMHKU, x. o. KOH;a, iiacaH^eHiiaa ua GoABau*- 
xy H HMlJioiiiiau BMA'b Becmuxaro canora; y nepuux'bK'b rojeuHu^y npu- 

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. llapa RpiosRoe-b cxoHrb 2 pyo. 60 Ron.^ dm, RpioHKH 
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no Mlip-b naAoCnocxH. To:ibxo BecBoio, BorAa AOporH 

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nepioAi) BpeaieHH. I^-bBbi Ba Maxepbiu-b A^H pyccKott 
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avo CKJ8AfaiBaeTCH jn naquii oppeAaerca A'> cro^iKu HH 
Dpif iiauiiifrlb paGoTHiorb o;(H'b TOJbKOJKeHU^HHu 

pyqnyio paCoTy. 
marpcHio jacxHR'b H nepe^aeTi* pyMHuu'b luacTepHuairK; BTK 

zojCTHny H3i> noAi> jacTHRa, CMeTUBaiOTi 
peMCHb H iiepeAaioT-b o6paTHO MainRHHCTK-b A-ia npn- 
crpOMRii peiiBn;iiamMHHCTKa npuRjaAMeae'rh MI>ICORI> RI> nepeAKy Rnpn- 
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TaEHiii> o^pasovk'b uiarpHb DocTynae-rh B'b MyjRCRyK) uacTepCRyio. 
ROTOpoMy nonaAaers era ^aroroHRa iti* pyRn, 

aaroTOBRy, OHI^ BCTaujnerb MeiRAy inarpeHeMi> M 
aaAHitRi) H nepeAaerb Mucmepy^ RoxopiiiA HacaiRiiBaeTb aaro- 
aaAHHROMit ua ROJOARy; OTb BTOFO Hac'^otcuaanix 'dabnciiTb Becb 
npoMBOCTi> 6amMaRa; a noTOMy aa BacaHriieaHieM'b aaroTOBRu 
HA KoioARy cTporo (Jji-jbAHTT* xqaaeBa Macxepa. ECJIII aaroTOBRa CyAcrb 
nocaveBa uexupomo, TO aaAHiirb BbiitAerb BcnpoMHbitt H Becb 6aiu- 
^pux^bitt^. Ki* Haca^KeHuoMy Ha ROJO^Ry uamMaRy npii- 
CTejbRa, marpCHb aarnoaeTca Ha noAouiHeHHyio CTOpOHy 
H cjierva npH6HBaeTCfl rpoaAflMH. Bra aarHyTaii na 
luarpeBH HaabinaeTCu ^ayHRH^. Ilocj'b Toro MacTepii 

BA EOJioARy TOBapi* MOJUt^uKy^ ROTOputt npHiuiiBaerb 
iTb ^nyHRajH'b'^. 3aT'bM'b, MajbiHR'b nepeAaerb 
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eKAy aareyTbiMH lOHuaNH loarpeHH, 8TO HaauBacTca BbipMBBHBa- 
aie nyn^OB'bi. MacTepi) BI> aro BpeMu BURpaHuaHTb no 

H, BaRJia^biBafi ee, o^oaHaHaexi cTeRJOM b M:bcTo, 

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naaksaROM-b DOA^HBaerb iiepeltBiy AO ayiKOB-b; oAHOBpeJieHBo c'b 
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b r. liouy nt 3aB<ub no 8 



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Ka6jyxi>. Ka5jiyKi pasAlwiHeTeH na TPE nacTa: fiMawm^ T. e. 
ocHOBaHie, ica^4yj(%-~cpeAHxa qacTb H Na^oMica Bepxeaa 
8TH MtiCTH cdnBaioTca r0o3AHMH KaTKAaa OTA'bJbn 

jiencnrb naRjaAKa H naooJiRa t<;4ttxa; caaibitt e 

n Haoo^Ky uauaAbiBaerb M noAOtfBaeTi MacTep>, n6o aAlicb, Tai- 
H!e Rain> ii npH HacaHHaHiH Ha KOjioARy. orb nadxepa 
ROTOpoe HCRyccTBo, OTb RCRycHoii HacaARH RaoJiyRa 

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uapu, II saTtBTb HaHMHacT-b noMorarb MajibHiuy B'b 

Bc'b OHO ROBMHiorb CBOH uaHHnyjauiH oAHOBpexeauo. 
8ioro noAuacTopbe BanHHaerb BbipaBUHBaxb Ha ROJO 

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ocxaeTCX coBepineHuo CBoooAHbiMi>, oui> nocBau^aexb . ero 
aaroTOBKy Aparabi, rB03Aeft H niionaro KJLA 6yAyu;aro nepedi^Aa 

- MvIIoABiacTepfce, yROjasHBat noAouiBy, Baroaaerb na nacTepa 
H HaHauaciTb opHrjiaTRHBaTb ypibsnuKOMh o5p^3aHHyK> 

y4eHHRi R-B BTOvy BpeMenn npHroTOBHJi Rjett. Macrepi* 

H oopaBHUKaerh Ra6jyR^, odptaaaHbiit Hon;eMi; 
ciepbe o^TepnyjKeaHbiti KaojiyRi* uaaiaabiBaer-b Rjieeirb H no Rteio 
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HOCTH Ra6jyRa. IlocJit arntt onepauiH GamMaRit BqepR'b TOTOBI*. 

dTo ooAroHaeTca R-b Be<iepy w 6aiuMaRi> RiaAerca aa 
JieHTHTh BCH) HOHb. PaGora dToro AHu HaauBaeTQg y<;i}iar'a^ Ba 
rott ABb BamiHaeTOH omd/k4Kav^< *''^'*^*^*^*'''*^*''''''''**'''^^>^''^ 

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noAooiBU reoaAH. Ki ROBi^y dToi pa6oTbi Majb^BR-b odaaaBib npnroiW 
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Ka6iyrb RjeeMii B paBimerb Bavywcoirb; rb STOiiy 



ap\ muyciMWAtft, MTdiptat nn|% % 





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t BOTOputt oGiKBraeTb ero mniunatuitOMA u ai* CBOIO 
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OTHamaen? raoaAK aa aafijyx'b. B'b axo apeMa Macxeprb npii- 
aa uoAoinBy, T. e. OT<ian;aexi ee cxeRJoarb, onBJHBaerb pa- 
maBjeMik Baaett rBQa;^i H qncxaxi* EaMymEOMi*, aaxliM'b paaMo*ieBBbiirb 
xj1i6oHik BBMaaidBaepb Ha noAouiBib fcpaa^ rA'b Hauuxbi rBoaAH; BXOXI> 
npoi^ecc'b Ba^uBaexca Kj^ncmupwn^. IIoAMacxepbe ci* MaJbMHROM'b Ba RJU- 
CTBpeBHoe Mlbcxo rjaAATb najOHRoti, orb nero nojy^aexca rjaBem. Ma- 

OXBOABTb CXeRJOlfb HepXOMRy paAOlfb C'b M'bexOM-b, 

,! B DO BTott <iepTiqR% Bbip'baaexi* BOweMik jio6HBRy;8TO 
')nto^nn> ejMvtsy. IIoRa Macrepii aaHBMaexca Bbip'babiBaHien'b 
'Anacxepbe C'b Majb^BRoifb ^KcuHnim^ x. e. aaMaabiBaiOTb 
nepefliiy H noABaCiyibe, noRpuBaioxi ejieBRy jiaROMi* H rja- 
iiOHRofi; nocilb exoro onaxb aa^HBaioxi* uanam% RaMyuiROU'b 
Ea5jyR'b, a Macrep'b noEpbiBaex'b ero R4eeMi ci* caxsetl ^epHuim\ ox- 
HepBHBmH, Ba^HBaeTh motcjiumumb Ra5jiyR'b, HaMaaaBHbitt BocRoafb, 
TenjibiMi> xoRMaqHRoifb; noxoM'b nepeAaexi> iiOAMacxepbK 
Boxopbie icaMyiBRavH, o6epByTbiBH B'b xpanRy, oxtiniqaiox'b ero 

: Ki BTOiiy BpeneHH roxoBa om9odKa\ Macxpi> exoft oxBOARoft om- 
(o6aitM\aemk) no nfpaimy .^) B no Ba()ottH'b RaOjIyRa JIOJRCHBRU. B'b 
8TO BpeMa noAMacxepbe C'b MajbiBROMit, no^bayacb CBo6ojHbiMi> Bpeiie- 
aaroxoBjaiqrb aaABHRH Ba 6yAyii;ift nepeAl^xb. 3ax'bMT> OHII BHOBb 
cxeRJOM'b H lURypRofi QOAOuiay H MadpaiaHumb ee, T. ^e. no- 
EpacROK) MaAparaBOM'b,, paaBeAeHRoio B'b xenjofi BOAls nocj'b 

cj% dxoro U3i> 6aiiiMaRa 
BbiBHMaexcu ROJOARa H oui* nai) MyaccKott MacxepcRott nepexoAHxi* RI meu- 
Roxopua npHuiHBaiOTi* yoiRM, nyroBimu n RBCTOIRH H Boa- 

oGpaxBO Macxepy: BXOXT> BupaBHRBaex'b GainuaR^ na 
Lcero idToro CauiMaR'L A^Jiaexcu roABbiM'b E'b npOAa%lb. 

<i /! ^ii. 

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MarepiajryHa 10 napi.. . V^^i p. 



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nojiy<iHTCg Capnuia 1 p % K. B* *);) w jar oa 
10 iiap-h, upnxoAmHxc ua fl^onio MRjb4HKa 

10 oapi*. 1& p. 



ii* cjiy^iaii 
rifa' 3 p. 90 R. ^ ^, ^ 'V' 

TflRHMi oCpaabMtt* cf^eAHiiif' 
*^ii>Baro npOH3BOACXBa 6yAeTT' paBiiUTbCtf 5 p. 

OnncaHHoe ubiuie pasAli-neBie xpyAa cyii;ecxByexi> xojbRO y Giim- 
\ y canoTRHRfEOBi} xce becb opoueccii 6ojbineK) nacxiio cocpe- 
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HHRH, HO OHH HC CjyHCaX'b OOMOlUUHRailH OAHOFO RaROFO 

a cRop-be Bceft MacxepCRofi. "' "^ "^ "T / 

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iiapbi caaorb IUH DoiycHnoweR-b, H4H AB'b uapbi GOTHHOR^. dxa 
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ujiaAiijeui> MacxepCRoft), 3 iiacxepa, 3 iiOAKacxepba, 4 
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. ' ' ' " . if "^1^ . 

Ba nepeAl^A'bU'b SaBpi). , , 

UlarpcHH no 70 R. na napy ., - * p.SOR. * 
JlacxnRy no 15 K. . . . 

V', -^ J ''' m ,- r. 

^^- CxCJliKH 7 R. . . i". 

Ha 20 R. .^ 



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| ; napy . ^di^tv.iifw.i^tAtev - 



*^^> ^<^ 4;*iv: * ^>^^i !'''" 7 p. 60 R. 
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b npOH3BOACTBa 30 napi, 

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H HXT* OAep;k'aHie), HTO coctaBHT* 54 p. 30 K., HIH 
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. e. ApymMH cjioBaHH ii npoH3BOAUTejii>HocTL paGoTu BU 
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H saAHHK^ . \.. , . ' 4 > 90 > 

iia noAOiiJBy. no 3j^y0., G .r* >^ " 

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napy . . . . . . . . . . 13 p. R. 

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no 2 R. Ha nai 
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*^^*' *^- - .fii "!'(' <>f>;t_' ^ 

i: 22 p. 



. v. . j^ - 

napa npoAaexcfl no o p., c^'bAOBaxeJibHo HHCTaro 6apbimft 
nojiynaeTca 2 p. 20 Eon., HJLH OROJO 45 Ron. ci* napbi. 



VrTMT^ftr' !'<':i.r r ;f r.'''iT.. . TT' T- -nft r.'KTr, i. > r- .;rr:ri; >',, ..M i , 

na>i -^"--^ RopoB. qepnaa Roara, Hai ROTOp. BbifiA- H nap'b 7 p. R. 

, CTejbRH H noAHapHAy no 25 Ron. Ha napy . '. ' 2 > 7.5 . 

* I* l - ,* * '''.! !'<!' !l'* ', 

I Vg A*JK)uiKH Ha noAoniBy, no 2 p. 50 R. aa AliJiom. 3 > 75 > 
j! P*3HHbi no 10 R. na napyi .^ ';''', i'/r "7^ V'f"^.; ' 1 10 > 

CTa-ibHuxTj npHweRi* no 10 inTyRT) Ha napy ''^t - 

^100 niTyRT> 2o R.J . . ' ' ,, . . . " * 22 > ' ' . 

r TecLMbi A-ia yinRooi Ha J^'l / y '."\i ', . 1 * V*^ *-"*.' IS '' 

1 ^^ lIIepCTH Ha KHCT04RH*^.V/ ; . r .' ^ ? .V V' - 10 >''"' 

M'l^AHbix'b nHCTO^,HHROBi ROpoGRy .'*.'. *.'...*'*-;-'* 12 

II nap'b TKCJi'baHbixb noAROBOR'b no 5 JK. aa napY " Jl 55 
Ha6oitRH Ha RafijyRii Ha . . . '/"." .^'. V . ./ ' > 30 > * 
/(epeBaHHbixi> rBoaAefi H srej'ba. mnHieR^ uo 3 K.' '^ > 33 > 
JlaRy, Bapy,ApaTBM H npOH ^ . .' *' i- 20 

^ajOBaHbe H xapnu nacTepy no 55 R. C'b napti 6 05 

f 1 V r 



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npOAaioTCfl no 2 p. 50 R. Hacraro Capuina 
4 p. H8 Ron., HJH OROJO 45 Ron. C'b napbr. - -. ; 

-;,.... .' , . '-< -! 1^ t 1. 

., /."; KpOM* MyjKCRHX'b canopb H xceHCRHZ'b nojycano]ReRi> BT MOCROB- 
^ CRoft ryOepHin paootaiorb en^e OOTUHRH, Hocan^ia HaaBaaie ROTU. 
coprb npORaBOAHTca BI Becbua orpaHH^eHHOMi* RoiBHecTBii, BO 

no MaaoMy aa Hero cnpocy. BO BTopurb, no ero OTHOCHT&ibeoil HCIBU- 

fi ~ "^ii'^:-:,!;;**;. U'lvi^ijiV^*- ,'itii"i^vi-vn>i:^ii .,, t.'G..'.u*A..i-j'' 

f' VSrj,'O< 



Macxcpi> cpaGoxaerb 12 nap^l 



30>^^>^ Wy oft .m ^ .^n^^ 

no 30 R ......... y^ 3 60 

H 



'i* no 2o K. Ha napy 3 > .. 

)OBflnHiJXT. H ' 

b 4 K. Ha napy . . 
HaCoftKH no 4 K. ^a uapy 

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3a paGoxy Macxepy/no 20 K. cii napbi 2 > 40 

' '' * ** " . A /:'*'i^tj irM jj 'in .'',. , - v 

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i I I' .. * ^w *..* r**" <'^ fM v~ I ' 

Ilapa KOTOBT* npOAaeTCfl no t p. 30 K., cji*AOBaTeJtbHO orb 12 
iiapi> xo3flHHi> noaynaerb MHCTaro Capbima 2 p. 04 K..Hjn no 17 Ron. 
! napbi. Bi> doJibuiHHCTB'Jb cjiyHaeB'b canoxcHHRH xosaeBa HaxoAarb 
jija cefiH Sojilie yAOOiiNMi* oiiaBaTb paCoxy axoro copxa xoBapaaa AO-^"*^' 

^^ '- '.-,.. ^ '* ^^^^^A-ii^v^ni iidii^J ..i.-}j*^H.rVTirta4!''^ 

jia, njiaxfl Macxepy no 20 R. c-b napbi. i .1 -^ r 'v-^ v<xfM*fft 

^ .:! < - .ft>.>iii ULh" ^.^' \ : ^ ,- 

HxejHMH JHHHaro xpyAa BT. canontHOMi* H 6aniMaHHoarb^*' 
flBjiaiOTCfl EaRi* ceneitHNe, TaRi> H Haeniibie pa5o<iie; no-^' 
4iixejbHoe Gojibtz^nHCXBO. ^auiMaHHBhH HaHHMaH)xi> pa6o- 
saro Ha TOATJ, HO njie^xa npOHdiJOAHxca no-HeAlJJibHo: Macxeny OXT> 3 p. 
to 4 p. 50 R. TTh' HeA*JiK); noAM)icxepbK) OXT> 1 p. 50 R. AO 2 p. 25 Ron. 
y canosHHROBi> a-e iijiaxa iipoH3uoAHxcu CA'I^JibHO ox^b 35 AO 45 R. CT* 
napbi. KaiHi y xlixi, xaK-i. H y Apyi'MXTi, paSoMic wnByrb ea xoaaft- 
xapqax^. He CMoxpa ha cpaiiHHxe.ii.HO xopomift aapaSoxoR'b, ne 
Ha xo, 4x0 xoi^ueba pncrijaMHuuiuxcu nocmoRH^o AeHi>raMH, BcexaRh 
pauomix-b HHXOAHXCH B-b A^'iry y xoBJieB'h; ripn Haflafb ycjonitt 
RjiOHaexr.a. a noxoMy cjyqaercH, 4xopa6o4ie, aaAOJiataBniH 
xoaaHiiy, nepexoAwrb Kb ApyroMy. MHOFA^- nejioiaft xoaaHHi* 1-2 He* 
po3bicRHDaexi> nponaBUiaro Macrepa, a naineAUiH ero, Cepcxi) cb 
Hero pocnHCKy, no Roxopofi AOJISKHHEH o6>i3biBaexca ynjaxHXb, HO oGa- 
43axejibcxBo 9x0 nacxo ocxaexca oe3'b 



CepAC*lHblX'b>, KaiTb ruBOpHJU'b OAMH-b 113'b xaKOBblXl>. OnblXLl SXH OMeHb 

.../..,{ -I^^W^i K ullrl^iUjj' /iMrf .yHJil.. 
l)a330pHXeJIbHU. i ^ ,, V i^.t'-i 

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6oxi> oaRxi), flCHO pRcyioiAitt n6aoii;eHie xoaoMna, Roropbift 
iieocxopo>RHOcxb AHBaxb Macxet>aMi> BnepCA'b noA'b pa6oxy 
:'b Baoacft oRoao 5 TUC< p, Bii 1871 r..gtAHHi>xo34Miii> MBe 
jiacxepcRyio; HO CMOXpi aa TQ, nro.A'bfiuero uiju oopaAOHHO, oHi>ye BI> 

80 r. noROHMH4'b co cooefi uncTcpcRott R caMi* yineii* 
ropoA'b B-b pa6orHHRn. )[^ait1)MHTe^iiHo cji^Ayiou^ee 
.lymue HAert* pafioxa, xltMi. 5ojMii aaiiHMaiorb paGonie yxoaaB- 
ecNOxpH ua TO, <ixo BO BpeHi ko/|fi pft5oTu, na p^OTHHKa niaxa 
noBbiniacTca ua*jO-80V, nf|m<)M*Bi4 Bailie lyrbOjiiMN'o toaexepH-ioaatiHa lt% 

MMIU. iMbi, roiir^pflrbxoaiiewi, KOIAB pa6oxaMAerk 



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taa xoaHiiva-tbjpifoBmi; im KOII 
5fitcTpo vbRitltlf^ M ffntoJieBie yi^e 
. 'XoTff u iiitoro xjiotroTb hpuxoAnTca n* T 



TttRT KAKi) Mii<;Tej>OB% RiiRfiirb HC yj^^^jflnikiirb, no nee 
Becejilift: aHaeuni, MTO reSa AOVHAHIOTCC T fOBapoMT.; HO 
pAooTH, TO MacTepaMH xoTik npyAi> npyAH* A pa^ra-TO 

C'b pyR'b H IlpHXOAHTCa apOJKHBaTb rOTOBWJI 



wmf<r^5biRROBeBHo ^ti ^I'l^ j'bTb Ba cpoR'b 1 '/ AO 3 jilirh; Taxie epaBBi 

CpOBB o6'baCi|aiOTCa T'&N'b OOCTOa'^eJbCTUOM'b, 

H3.BjieisaTb nojiuay orb Ma4bMRBa. Ili 
o6uRfioBeRRO aaRJifoqaeTca uewAy 

ero R xo3aHROMi> 3aBeA<^Bia;iLOMHUiReeycJioBiej^pOA'ibc4'faAyiou^Aro: 
roAa HRuapa 20 ARH< H RRHceooAnucaBRiHIca 

BOJOCTU (j[(AiiiTpOBCRaro ybaAa) AcpeBRB HHWBeSqft, HBaRi.yMijaROB'b llo- 
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, ApXeMOM'bHROBJieBRMeM'b, B'b TOlfb, MTO H, HoPBROBT*, OT- 

ReMy, HROBjeBy, Bb oOyieaie SauiMaMRoiiy MacxepCTBy 
CbiRa uoero, naAii'iHRa BacMjia IlBaROBa 12 jliTb DTI* 
ea 3 roAa C'b 1 aRoapa 1880 roAa no 1 aRBapa 1883 roAa. Bo 

RiR Bca OAcacAa u o6yBb A04iRRa 
^floBHROBa; npR MeMT> oSaayiocb a, HOBHROBI*) A> OKOHHaRia 

CpORa MaJIbHRRa (CaMOB04bRO CT* 3apa60TRa Re CRRMaTb, C'b 

/ AB, qTo6bi no OROHMaRfR cpoRa xo3aRR'b ApTesiift 



no ORORMaHiH ycJOBJieRRaro cpORa, B'b npOAOJUKewiR ROToparo 
1HRT. erne RC ycd*jn> coBcpineRRo ycBOHTb TexHM'iecRyio 
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40 py6j(5tt BT> rnAT>. B'b BTO Bpewa MajbMRR'b RaabiBaeTca 'roAOBott, 
piR6oTbi B'b MacrepCROtt OR* HCnpaRiHCTb BC* AOMUinnia pa- 
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cakaro paooTaK)marof''ii''i!>*'i'^*iPo^ cnoco6RocTH paaBHXb B'b ce(>% 
npiexbi. IIoiyBCTBOBaBT. BI. ceOt AOBOJbRO cwju, OH'b ne- 
pexoARTb K'b CA*Jii.Rott pa6oT*, RaR-b Coj*e BbiroARo*. '^ #f 
.K^^yqeRmB nojibayiOTca rfeji'fc are, i*]rb R MHCtepa, T. e. 
qatt, o6'hAaioTT., yncHRaiorf., BO BT, Towe Bpem H padoiaiorb 

CROJbBO n B3pocJbie, T. e. c'k 6 4. yxpa AO 10 i. lenepa. Ba> 

Bi pa5o4ie nbiorb flBa paaa Mti*, aaBrpaKaiOTb, 
ywHRaioT'b. BTR nepepuBU cjyatan^ pa6o4iiin> B OTAWxoirb, 

BpeaieRR A^H OTAuxa Re nojiaraerc^V'^ 

Ho ae CMorpa Ba STO, Macrepa BaxoAflTii mpewi; loropoe oaiiyoo- 
Tpe6jaK)rb aa oTAbix'b, BTO oceBBie cynepRM, nepexoAT* orb A"B"^'*<> 
cBliTa R'b orBK); BT. BTO Bpeiia '/i 'iftca, a HRorAa B uliibitt qaci., OT- 
mB6aioTi Ba OTAUXI; BO y AoraA^RBLixi xo3aetti> B BTO vpeMd HO npo- 

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H ci* 25 no 7 flHBapa. 
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a 10-naTHHua 2 
Me<ioaiH M KnpHJijia ACHb, 24 PowACCtBO loaHHa. 



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Bit f<iTo HaHfTHHioii^i^ npoB^BOAHTeJib HM-beT-b He GpA'i^e 3 pa- 
(k)Taioii^Mxi Mae-repa, aoAMacTepbH H y4eHiiRa; OHI> AOJi<KeHi> HxtTb Maxe- 
piajia A'fl HoCoJibiii^ro npoHaaoACTRa ua 45 p. 60 R. '). ECJIH me np 
opHHHTb B'b pacseTb yniHTy HcaioBaubfl uacTepy H noAMacTepbio^ 
Mxii en* yneaHKOM-b BI> apoAOvi-ReHiH neA'b'iH, TO Bbimenpa- 
un^pa AOJatna 6biTb yBagmMHua na 8. p. 70 R. TaRHMi> o6pa- 



134 p. c. n. j.i,HtA:>v^''tu. 'iHf.r .uiuOr.'i A{>U.U.X{V* d-)i 
O6uBaoB6HHo Kyerapii saBoxirrv Macreptxyio ea CBOR 

. XoTfl BT KopOBaeBCROft BOJOCTH A^IITpOBCRarO y*3Aa H 

o6ii;ecTBeHaai xacca, ao aattaia A'a upoHSBOACTBa padorb Bii Heft 
. BorbRaRikOTauiMiiOTcaRpecTbJiBe o satlifaxi* A^aaaBeAO- 
tjiii MaeTeptRRX'b t3fiiiMH A^^Her'b, AA AABeAH itacT<$pCRyio eejVAl^Jio- 
TO nottAerb ojoxO) TO oporopvun, n vairb UAHV appueaTbi aanyHaiorb; a. 

OpOVVBeUIb, HJIRTO XOTb16 MOJrtl-TO 9 TpeBOWHTb 









Beweitt ^fiMBTb paOoTaTb, Rye'iiij[>b cTflpaTca aaBecra 

K^Toparo euy BeRyAa 6yAel^ c6uB<irrl> TOBap'b, TaRi> Rarb 
CakiiMaMBaro npoi^iltioAcTBa c5btTi> TOBapa npoBaBoARTca ODTO* 

.Bbltt Bl JiaBRB C. KHMpM. - i 

CanO^KBnR'b OTBOCMTeJbBO 

i> Ooji'be BbiroABhifl ycjuoBia. OcBOBuott ero 
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CTBJlb A-IH T04KH 

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O/l ^ l\ ' '^ ji ' r'' 

<cU p. j ' 1 -II <^., ,/ jij ifHHHUin'iJW. lILfiu / TlHK'' /J1,tTf/>\"". 

iBXH^Tf^ tt^^1^9pr0^t(6Vb. CA^iiaB- 

ROJiBqecTBO BaAl)<iiiK, 

Ba 6jiBa(ainiii pbiBORi* B npoBaBOABTb aA'bcb npoAaxy BI* 
uy. 6amua4HBRi>-jRe, pa6oTaa Bfi ToproBua, BaroTOBiaerb TOBapi> TaRi aa 

pblBOHHbltt, T. e. TaROfi, ROTOpUfi AOJiXeBli 6bITb 

xoTa-6u Aaxre B'b yiuepOi npOHBoCTi; '*>*-', ' ^j^t** 

^ Vy caaoacBBRa, Bao6opOTX, B3A'b-ii>i RpaiiBe BeyRJiiOxB, BO 
CBoeio upoHBocTiio B BliCOM'b; nocjL'bAHee oCcToaTejnci 

rbiTb, HTO RpecTbane nuRynaTejiH, Be Hiffafl noBaric o 
HaTepiaja, Ba'b ROTOparo cA'l^^iaB'b caoonb, oGpau^aiorb 
BBBuaBie Ba B^CI* eanora: ecjiB canorb xeroRi>, TO RpecTbBBHirk 
'BB noRynaerb, BI yB^peBBOCTB, MTO jerRifl canon Be 
BBAy BToro canoBHRi>, A^a npBAaBia cauory B^ca, Ba 

jiy6oRi>. TaRofl canorb dojioiccm BocBTbca BB MBB-bB roAa, 
canoBBRi> pBCRyerb noTepiTb noRynaTeja; BCJB RpBCTbSBBBik npo- 

TO OBi BJB Ba 5aaap'b, npB BapOA'b, 
4loiia eaBoiKBMRa, HenpeiiBBBO ^apyraerci'^^ Hpir TOVI 

, TaRi> M noTpeCBTBJH B'b GoibmBBCTBib cjy^aevb nuiuter 

IIpOAava y caooxBHRork npOBaBOXBTCii na 



OiMrrp. packer fc 




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TO 



KycxnpH H roBopai^b, HTO BI* xopouiee Bpeutt Ky- 
]n pyKHX'b, ecjiii x!<^ pa>6oTa Hj^erb ajoxo, TO OHI aix> 
O4epeAi> npoHaBOAHxejiH xoaaeBa.) QpH njoxoMi> c6u- 
njia'ry iiacTepaM'b. Boo6ii;e nojOTKenie Kairb. 
GauiAiaHHHKa, 'laKi) H iiacT(6pa, BO Bpe^iu njoxarp xoAa xoaa- 
pa BecLMa BeaaBHAHo: npH nojyHeHiH MaTCpiaJia! orb ToproBi;a 
GamiiaHHUKy opeAocTaBJiaeTCH Becbua orpaRuqeHnbitt; BI* 
AaK>Tcu H ^xopouiifl u Djoxifl; Bor^a we npnaoanTca roroBiiH 
TO Kyueu'b npOH3BOAiii'b Tn^arejibBbitk ocMOTpi> H 6panoBKy, 3a HTO 

10-20 ROn. A xaiTb naK'b xodfleca -^ 
, cubicji'b xosHCBaiiH: orb BMx^b Kycxapb 

H nofiHMp HXT> cOuTb T^Bapi* nei'A'b, TO KycTapi. u HC npOTe- 
^ GpaROBKH, xoTa B'b fiojbuiHHCTB* cjiyqaeo'b opaiiyeica 
He HSA''iieaMaTeiaji'b naiy4euaiiifl6auiMa4uuROM> Q:n> xpro SKC caMaro- 

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r?L ...y -* ' '"^ .^ ./.. . 

K-b y ^aaiHaHHifROB'bRopOBaeBCRoiiBOAocTR, Taxi ny 
PoraHencRoft H KaeaoRCKoii uojocTeft, Be^eTCfl cpaBHHTejib- 

^ HTO flBCTt)yeT|> H3l HUJKC UOMtlUeHHblX-b CTaTHCTH4eCR(lXlK 

npOMUcej-b, RaKi> u ooJtbuiHBCTBo 
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y xoBHJtoxay xpecxbau'b, H, aanpoxQB'bxpro BI> 
cnocoGcxByiOTb euy, AaBaa BoauoiKBocxb 
nocTOflBHO npn QBOCMT' A^M'b H nocBgmaxb j'fexaee Bpeva aa oopaooxRy 
CBOJixi DOJeft K Ba yCopicy C^BOROCOBI*. II pu xoni) %e (JjaroAapa . npo- 

Cx^i) Aj^,^.6^Ae^^^,3|^<|,%^f^'ieg^B&^9,^^^^ 

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6pcipepi<iaTi|ix'fc vaObi, OAHH 10-^10 aprnvaiuif , Kpijrai 
o6inHTa|i TecoM-b, Apyraa 8^ apm. xpuxag Apaabio^ rppeaKy, xpu- 
Tyw recoMT.-, XB|i .^peiJeanaTwe capaJi. xpuxue j|pae&K>; aic6i^pi>. OBHBI.. 



CiOTa: 2 jomaAH, 2 KopoBiJ^ 2 oeubi H 
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P'M X A "b* 

C*Ha CTi CBoero ea^'faja HavaiuHBaerb 500 nyAOBi* no 
12 K. 3a nyA'b . . . : ........ . . ii|jr.Mj 60 p. K~ 

Patn (noc*HHo 13 M-bp-b, pOAHJiocb 70 Mlip.) ocxacT- r u /^i^ *f^.' iK)?J 
ca 57 M^pi) no 1 |f>y6. 'aa M-ftpy ..... ^' . . >^ >!;; 57 *- 

* ' ' OBca (nochaHo 30 M. POAMJ. 80 M.) ocraaocb 50 U.^"^^"'^''^K^" 
no 45 Kon. ! . . ' ...... ;^Kfn3 jra .:m;r.^.'; ? : 22 50 >- 

'"\ i}KiiTa (noc- 3 M. po^. 15 M.jocTajocL 1^ u. no 75 K. 9 -^ > 
^' KapTOO^eJTfl (noc. 20 M. po^- oOsiJocTaj. 30 M. no 40 K. 

* JibHa 2 H'bpbi^ Hai) dxcro BUUIJO 16 o^ye. Mafijik. t 

13 R. 3a O^yBTb ........... r^Vr r^r,, ( 

H'b npoAOixceHiif SHMU j(b1& npaxu Haopaju lojcxa 
apm. no 10 Kon. sa apuiHH-b . .^> /-^:^'?^ ty-^;^^v ^ 

HuTOKT> 3 oyHTa no 30 K. sa (fyerk ...... -^ ^i^ 90 



, 

. .' Hxoro OTb HaAtJia M AOMauiHaro xoaaficxBa. J98 p. 

* "" ft/wr^. . '."11 'i;i;!! i'-JoT 

Orb CTOpOHHHX-b 3apaOOXKOBT: ' 

C * , I M 'i > ' :' . ! ' ' ' 1 1 / < J f ! t ' ! ' ' 

10 ap. AOM'b no;!!* oGn^ecxBCHHiJe CXOAU aa 30 p. 



^^ .. _ 



7 8apa6aTbiBaexcn in> 3UMy lui jiomaAax. .... 40, 

*i - *^ '' ^ ..- /HI I.iifr..; h| ., -./I, 

I CbiHi> CaraMaHHHKT. uojiyqaexT. 4 p. 50 R. 

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*? 

aaHHvaexca npOMUCJiOMi> ci> ceHxaopa no iiojb, HXO co 






32 paOoHHX'b HeAlJjn ..... . . . . . 14I'>" 

.iJ^ctauaBjiiBaioxca apo'ftsnfie HOHeoaxb. . . . . . 15 % 



Hxoro OXT> cxopOHOHxi. 3apa6oxROBi>: 227^. K 



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0? J'aHaa MyRa Bca ynoTpe6jiaexca na CBoe 

n na nocbinRy CROxy. . . .... .. ., . .. 

Hxca ctHO CBoe, Aa npuRynaQxca pyO. aa 3 
0<'> KapTO*ejb Becb ynoxpeOjaexca na ce6a. . ;;? 
0(* ^HTO HE ce6n. OBecii yaoTp($aejCA aa Gcpri* ,*bj;rf;ui(ill']> 50 : 
.i. CoJH in. roA-b 3 nyAa no 75 i.i OJAV, , ^ i ^jiuiMprii' d3t 

- , **-.- "^i^^'V-Tih^" '-- . .'"'**-r^-'---'-v ^'--- -f ' ..-- . - -r . -* V.~- '- - ' ' ^^ 



4 

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20 . no 18 fe. 
Orypnoirb 2 M*pM nd'80 M. aa M*py ...... 

yRH 4 tt^A^ (rb MacjflHRulh 1 n., irb 
1 nyAi}, vb Eropbesy AHIO 1 n. n en^e 
1 n.) oo 2 p. 40 R. aa nyA'b ..... 

HmeHH 4 Mlipu no 2 p. aa i!*py . . - ..... 

Rpynu 4 Mdbpu no 1 p. 6( R. aa Mljpy . 
nyKw KT* Mi^JflHim'S 1 ny 
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np Tft6jraat (29U90 py6.) H pasAkiifl ee na 000 <ieJOB^)uci pa6oHxi (maximum), xoxao 
6|tDiiia<maro TOBapa KpyrjuMi HBCJOXI na 480 py6je)l. AonycKan, VTO Bct AP/rie cejbcKie 
nexi ;BUBOAt, iBoib na 800 py6jeft KaKAuA* vu nojyHaevb ubuaocTb roAOBaro upoia* 
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CtHTajlHCb. 



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BT npevnee BpctfA paCoTajHCb Rp-Jrie to- 
HoropMa xenepb coBc*5rb yxe He pa5b- 
flo MBliyluecTBeHrtott cdCTOHTejrbHocrif AOMI OeAopa HjibRiia 

ceia 
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trb npoH8BOACtB%, RapeJibCRan Depe3a, 
c. nepxymKOB*, y TpaKTHpn^tfRa, ROTopbiit 
eto nyj(fiio BiCMOJieHCRyroryOepHiK). 
ceGft na utcrb no I p. 20 R. 3a nyAi>, 

, no ROTOpbiBTb 6epe3a npOAaeTca BI* MocRBt, 
ex CTOUTb 2 11 3 py6j}i. MaTepiaJia o6biRHOBeHHO noRyna^Tca ne 
8 nyAOBii. TaRoro ROJiHHecTBa (5biBaerb coBepmeHHO AOCTaro^iio 
nojiyTOpavlicaMHaro nepioAa padorb RclbM-b HajHiRbiMii pa6omiM*b. 
it3roTOBjriiK)TCH ii3'b uliAbBATo Ry<iMa AcpeBa, nocpCACTBOifb BU- 
ill. H3'b 8 nyAOui) 6epe3bi BbiA'bJbieaeTCa RpynHbixi* nopTb- 
H cpeAHRxi) nannpocHHuii AO 200 uiTyRi>, cpeAHnu utHooTb 

I " ' 

^koTobbix'b AoxoAHTb AO ^0 Ron. 3a uiTyRy. MejiRie copra npo^aioTca oa 

T f w 9 KB 

orryky OTI> 20 H AC 40 R. MewAy Heo6xOAiiMbiMH opyAiuMR M HHCTpyn^H- 
_*TaMH A'ifl npoH3BOACTBa Beiuett H3ii RapeJibCRott 6epe3bi npeH;Ae Bcero 
c*iHTaeTca BepcraRi). CTOtoniift AO 5 p. 

^ ' '-' r ,-.... .. ' .V . . . . . 

OAHOpyHHaa nnjia, CTOK)ii;aa ... 50 



naocRHX-b noAnHJiRa ..... 60 



Bennett B3'b Rape.ibCRott 6epe3bi, paBnaeTCH 6 p. 95 R.; 
eme i],'bjbi& paA'b cxanecoRT*: i^t.^uj^r. M^ -- - uit t> 
2 CTaiiecRH '/i eepuiROBbiH no 30 R. . ^ 60 R. 
f; ^ _ , . y3Raa . . j^^vi-^^^ri* v^-.^^^-^O 

> nojyRpyrjaa >/, BCpiDRa . 35 5 ' 

...%--.- ao 



-lU- 

ocHOBHot Kaniran pasHieTCfl 8 p. 60 K. 

Ob paaifllpaMK o6opoTHaro KanEraia MU noaHavoMMCfc Bume;. 

MacTepcKott, HMlbwii^eft 4 M6oiHX'fc, OHit paBHfleTCx 9 p. 60 K., H<V 

8TOMy HyxBo npB6aBBTb en^ pacxoxu na noKyniy jaxa, neMau H 

. Rc^ro 0a 50 K. 




roBoparb OHB, KynHTb KapejibCKoft 6epeabi 8 nyxoBi} Ba 9 p. 
60 X., a,aTlirb Jiaxy, uemzbi n npos. aa 2 p.,a Bc 
in p. 60 H.; TO B3> TaKoro KOJUi^ecTBa MaTepio^ia Moxerb 
100 ope^MeTOB'b, npOAaiou;axcH no 4^:.K> H AO >lpb ppex^ero 
)ia utHa EOTOpuMi 00 (^0 R. pTygfi, c4l^/^OBaTe;9i>|BO BC^ro Tooapa 
.Verir Buitr^ BQ, 100 pyO.; BTO KOJfmecTBO Tpsapa qpn 

,(k>(IBX'b06liIKBOBeBBOBbCpa60TblBaeTCAiBli GBCijfllbJIb, CJI'bAOB^TeibHO 

aa, Doay^iaeMafl ppOBSBOAHT^iaiiii 3a.6, BeA:b4bBbifi nepioA'b 

BHHeTCfl 88 p. 40 K., BJB OR040 15 p. B'b BCAtjI 
BCA'bJb B'b rOAy ilpOHSBOABTeJIH flCCCHBTblBaiOrb 37, 

Bofi CBott AOxoAi* OBH onpeA'bJHiOTb B'b 550 py6. 



M^^]- , 

ek: 53 qyAau'b ^oepcabi no 1 p., 20 K., Bcero Ba 63 p. 
lipoq. Ba 12 py6., cjii^AOBaTejbBO oon^aa Baj 
Baro npoB3BOACTiia Beu;eft HS'b KapejbCRott 6epeau 
625 py0. t)0 JtOD^.,|^^fij;,iqj; jv^.i,jfiO tfKki.juK.ii on v***"^*^ 
i K-^ c6biT'b cBoero TOBapa npoBaBOAHTejiB Be ciubBO 
xaBTb TpeCoBanie Ba BXI> xoBapi* AOBOJbeo aeaHHTejibBO, H 
aMB npitaiKafOTb Elk HHM-b, HTo6hi A'^^JaTb aaxaabi HB, a 
OBfii Beiuefi. JIpH GojibioBX'b aaKaaax'b npoH^BOAUTeJiH 
^iBTejbBue asAaTKB. TOJLRO BO Bpeiia PyccKo-TypeuKott 
Bclb Boo6n4e loeapbi injiB-B'b npOAaiK^ Becbua naoxo, 

5epeabi npBXOAHJOCb BoaBXb cBctt 









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naiaJtcH BI c. Ky6RHCKO]i'b n cyn^ecTayerb SA^CB OKOIO 
<iHCTo ciynattHoe. Karb KyCHBCRaH BOJOCTL, 
CM eiKHbi MexAy co6oio, Mifbiorb M^cTHocxb, 
jtcoarb. roBOpflTb, <iT6 itrb 6 7 Tony 
)iid pyatetlHott OXOTU npoKRBaBnntt Bit MocKB'b 
HBaEOBR4i CRapeB-b. CeflBmH apeuAy, CRapeBi> nepe'b- 
Ba xTRTbe Bi> c. Ky^RRCRoe. IIpoKHBaa AO dxoro BpeweRn BI* Mo- 
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Bi. no OTOMy Re liyApeno, ^TO, uepe-bxaBmn na acRTbe H3T MOCR- 

ee ocTaBRjrb cBoero npexfRaro saHHTia; 

kiepeBeab RI ce6*b Ra ROBOC M^CTOTRirreJiBCTBO BC% RRCTpyMe 
Tpe6yK>TCH j^XA yRaaaunaro irpoHaBOACTBa, MeTRAy npoiRMi> H 
. Ha6paBmi{ ce6^ Rai> 



pi5oqHxi y nero JRHII* oAifHi> RpecTbanRH-b HST* A. 
, AROBI> FaBpHJOBi); nocj'bAHitt AO nocTynjieHia cBoero RI 

tit RioTu, RO dTa pa5oTa 
Rero oieHb ue BbiroARa. IIpoxRBi} y CRapeBa MacTepoifb 

j^b coCcxBeRRyio MacTepCRyio. Ilpn odaaBeAeHie oco- 
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caxBUbi Ba'b xaRoro XBOpocxa MOVHO CBaaaxb 1000 1500 Mexejb. 
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MU.. 03> TA^JUmil, DOM'bU^eBHOfi Bl> ROBUl) O4epl|:a, Mbl BHAHM'b, ^TQ 

pv itocraBJifliDn* 47,|*, oOn^aro HHCJa paCoHHxi), CTOjapbi 



: .1. .1 aTHXi> ABHHbix'b BRABO, TTO Hai|5ojbmee ROJiuqecTBO 

TORHpB, H axo coBepiaeuiio noHUTHo, ecjH npHBUTb BO BHR- 



jiaiue KOJiunecTBo opOHSBOABMu^'b B-b xeneHe 

H TORapeMi). B'b opOAOjiKeiiiH HeAl>JH cxojHp'b Moxexi> 



BepinROBblX-b npOCTblX'b CHCTOBT* InO 



: J25 



'MI ,rK.!-!' 

55 nix. 



-. M 

OIL .lieUi'. ^^M-ffi^:t^^^^^^^ ,.i i-rj 



flo 80 



TaRT> RaRi> BC'bx'b pa^o^Hxi* HCA'i^'ib BT rOAy y ciexoBn;nROBT> Ha- 
'cVHxuBaexca B6, xo Bib iipOAOJiiReBin pa5o<taro roAa RaffiA^tt cxojiap'b 
cpeABHiiib HBCJiOifb BbiA'6JEiJBaexi> AO 2880 paifORi> ^ " ' ^"' '' ' 

<-ul.'P' .1 . I 

Ra]RAy> paMRy cpeAHHirb HHCJIOMI* xpeCyexca no 85 nixyRi> RO- 

XOKapb Bl> IIpOAO<IXeHiH BeA'^'IH BbIX04HXl> C'b He^OJbniHM'b 4 

RocxoHeRi , cji^AOBaxeJbHO BbipadoxbiBaeMbixi* HMI^ naA'bjift 
BCiAOcxaxo<iBo AJa BSA^JiA cxojapa: aaroxoBBXb Aocxaxo^iHo xoBapa MO- 
KBoe TORapeft, BOXI> noneiiy BI onHCbiBaeMOin> HaMH npo- 
paiioH'b Ha 50 qe4OB4Ri> cxojflpoBi npnxoAHxca 81 xoxapb. 
cxojapaxi* AO HtRoxopott cxeneHH npHJaraexci H Vb 

! noMoraiOTb xeHiniHbi H MajojilbxHie. 

. ^. ^ _ f .. 






cocTOflRiH 3aBliciiMoet> orb 
KytiiqHRaxff to ToproBuaittf n^eroB-b, a notoiiy b^ir 
caMocroHTeibHoCTH npOB3BOAHTejelt, nyirtfo ttvfett* Wti MUy, 
Rapk H cTOiflpbi HBjflioTCJi caktoctoHtejibHUirH np^A^imtfiiKKTetfi 
Ko npH noKynxi^ depeva^ varb rjiABftai^o iiarepiajra, qto Mta itftea<ij( 

HaTepiajioB-b, TO raROBue DpOH3BOAirrejiflxi> 
6paTb y opMiipoBii;iiROB'b; HO Bxoro imjco, y xaiRxaf 
n;i!Ra ecTb CBOU iiocTOHRHbie lORapH H CTOJifli^uf, ROTopuei 
Ha Rpyrjiufl ro^'b, HJin aee TOJELRO aa ooctaBRy 
roTOBUx-b MaAliiict. 

H3i nepBofi 

'b' Ha CBott TOBap-b HliCROJibRo pa3'b Bit FOAy, a 
pa6oHaro roAa, T. e. ci* easaja oceHH H AO <I>HiflniioBciEiiro 
nocTa, 3ar'bMi ci> OflJiHanoBOR^ AO RpeiueHifl, HaROHein^ ci> Kpeti 
paooMaro roAa HIH AO Cstimo^ A** TtXT*, iroTOpbie 
B-b oTxoarie npoMbicjbi, HJH are AO paOoqett nopbi, A<>^ octaioiB(il<- 
Cd Ao:k(a. KaHc^bift TaRoft noApuA'b 
CHxejbHo aapa5oTHO(t n^iaibi, TaRi> HTO 
cfl B'b 10 157( noBbiuieHi^, UJH ooaHHceuia. HaHOoji'be BucoRaa 3apa- 
6oTHaH ujiaxa oObiRHOBeH^o Aaexca npH Hanaj'b pa6o4aro rpAa, 3arbirb 
Bi ocrajibHoe Bpe&ifl ona nocTeneBHO nouHHcaeTca. KoHe^i^o, roAi* aa 

He llpHXOAUTCH, xatTb KaR'b BCe J(^^Q 3HBtfCHT-b OFb TOFO, RaRl 

HidTKeropOACRaa upMapRa; HO T'bM'b He M'bH'be ROJieOaHie U'bHbi 
Ha TpyAi> Bit paajiuuabie nepioAU padoiaro roAa HcauTbiBaexca npoaa- 

paai,. ^ , j \ .^j$ .^^i_^ -:;;;^^- 

II o Apyi'aro pOAa noApaAy xoRapH 6epyxca BbixavHBaxb no 100 TLI- 
Rocxu4eRi>, nojyqaa aa axo RoinnecxBo H3BlbcxHyH>, ycjOB^eHHyio 
. dxoxb BHAB uoApaAa C4Hxaexca Ooji-be BbiroAHbiMi> AAH upoH3BOAHxe* 
jiett, xaR-b ni'ATsrb Bb axox-b cjy^ia'b OHH rapaHXHpOBaHbi Ha oojibinyio OOJOBH- 
By CBoero pa^o^aro roAa. Bapo46Mi> xaRie. noApaAu 6uBaK)rb xojibRO BI 
zopomie roAa, npu dxoMi> 3aRjiK>4HXb XOXT> HJJI ApyfPfi naAp 
BaojHt oxT> BOJH opMHpoBmHRa-xoproBua. 7*.. , V ,77 
ToRapn HJH cxojapu, paooxaa Ha cBOHxi) xo3aeB'b, Ha 

O aojyqaK)xi HHCXbitt pac4fixi 3a CBOIO pa5oxy; BO 
nopaAOR-b npOAOiiRaexca oqeHb eeAOjro, xaRi RaR-b eyxAa cROpo 
3acxaBiaerb Rycxap^tt 3a0Hpaxb Bnep^A'b y 
mk BnepeAi ACHerik, Rycxapb apii Bcltrb cj-bAyiomHii pae<texazi> 
<iaeTb 3a pa6oxy ye He Aeabraii 

^ HJIH ve MaTepiajioxi, T. e. KpacBalctt, jatonit B t. ii. 
3a TO B aa Apyroe eicy ujpthLo^vxcK aep^iaqBBaxb npotlBi 
puKoquott atBbi xopojf ba 9t1 W/^, xaRiTirB 65paaoirt 



no*ieity 

MeBboiBBcTBy, YOTH xAkoe 

\ 



f *.(- 



MOWHO 



npoMUCJrb. VaBaBuiHcpaDMHT&ibHbie paaM'bpbi 9TBxi 
, HTO A<ifl t^aiiocTOtft^bBaro bponatoxCTB 

p.^ BO TaKott, cyMNoil odxaAajorb BecbMa neiiBorie 

/l^a pTojap^ BI> BacTOfliuee BpeMA ocBOBHoft 
cj'bAyioii^aro paaMtpa: 



IlpH UpOU3BOACTB'b npOCTbIXl> COpTOBlt C^eTOBli CTOiapy 



.. 



Bepctau-b. . . . '. . ', . 8 p. 
raepme6ejib. . 'f^f^^^'^^^ 30 B^ 

vvv,-*vr ' p ^5 Op)lBHapBblft py6iflBOK'b'.''V^|^^ * * '45 >^ 

. . " ^ '"' oU 



. . . .'^ 7'''p*' ' 

yroJbHHk **.'*'.' '' 



/ 



iRflKadr ,rirnTTTrfV^:| ttr.j '"^^*^ r V<i* ^ P* 

- 'm; 

Jffa o%)0)nM|>?M Kanuma cxojigpy Tpe5y,eTCfl cyMMa MeHbmaro paa- 
. OdbiKqoBeHHO aaroTOBRa Maxepiajia A^<i&6Tca cpaay na COTBIO 
<;miTaeTca Buojint ACCTaTOMBbiMi> A^K BCA'bJibHaro nepioA& 
. Ho aroMy pacneTy npu BeA'bJiBHOM'b o6oporb 

j^,,.^ n nn^B^r/f HI.;, 

ocHBOBaro Ji*ca. i '."-GO K. . ' 
1 *. .... 4 ... -r^^ 65 ^ "' - 




' jj*n;ro3Aett. ............ 20 . 

{. (i^ '. - , . - , - : - - - ! - ' 

4 * T^* /^.^r HTOFO ; . . 1 p. 85 K. 

<^-- u?7L./i<.; t . ?>;; -Ji.v;;,^, Ui^ a, ' * 

^ |).y -.- %. ^*\ , ., , ., \ KM .[;.j. 

H BblAlbJRB 6yROBbIX'b pBMOlTb OCBOBBOB B OOOpOTBU 

BBaMBTejibBO dajbioBxi) pa3Ml^pOBi>. Tarb, B3T opyAift B BB 

npOB3BOABTejiio noTpeOyeTca*. ' ^ 
* *^ 



"0 



TpB ' Baor 'in '- 



nBJia .'ili-i'-V''! ^'"l ; 
lb'IO 

20 m. 

^^ ^trit-j^h^n./i^^Jlfw^ ^j 

IS 



J 






H 




o6pa3oirb ttcrtOBttoR kanittajrh itacTepa, 

uoo6iue jyqiHittTJTJpTi 'i'OBaj)a', 6y;terb pomurrbCH 12 p. 75*1 

3aroTOBRa naxepiaia npoHaeo^irrcfl xaKate iia co'tHio, a uiieHHO nokjf ^ 



p. -- 



AOCOKT>. 



Ha .. 






Ha. 



Ha. 
Ha. 



. 
Ha. . 



JRHJIORl) 

Hxoro 



o6opoTBaro Kaoj^TAJLa TpeGyexca cyuMS Bi). 10 p. 40 R..^ 

f\ f^.'i ,^ . '.f <^.7Jlj,^i <,- ^. r* .%'...' ''^'''.,'i'ir.''?T' *''"^^'^y**'*f''''';^*v'i'V<jt^'^' ''*. ;rrv^*>i 

ocMOTpHMT> Tcnepi., ?ewy paiiiifletcu ocHOBHoft KanHxaji'b TOKSpa 

ToKapHbitt craaoiTb ero 

'' 



CxaKaHHEK-b 



KpacKH H 



.'3i' 7 p. 65 R. ' ^' 



c6bixT> roxoBux'b |i3A'bJi^ y 
TO H noRyuRy Maxepiajia OHH npoH3BOAHXi Ha BpeMa 



OHH 



/ 



Ha . 



-nn 



^"^ t 



nocxHaro 



cxaHROBi>. 



ti- 



ki J! 



p. 35 Ki yiiSl^'/tH" 



npn 

o6opoxHuxii Ra^lIxaJOB^, 

cxo.iapHUH MacxepCKi^, HO, norn'opaem*, Hxo6u Cuxt xoproBuaMB, 
noxpc6yioTC8 coBd 

ctdc y5iirroMiio, Miiin^ MQumM itaxHHeexfio xoeapa^ 
xop^oBe^^ oweT> noeeaTK, aro^^lMO rryis ffHeroB-b. Ho na. 

noTpeOyerci xyDixi. paiiqici> iija 150 










Toro HyxBo vyppTb RQ|CTOHei> ,1^^,60 p., 

paiiorb Butt/terb no 14 p., HO vposirb Bc^ro aroro^ pp<)H3BOAHTeji:k. 
j(O4veH'b en^e c^opiuipOBaTb cqexu, HTO ua xaipc/iyfo COTHIO oGofiA^Tca 

Dptt dTOMi* OHit OTAaerb na CTopoay npoBeprbTb. 



;(bipo<iRH Bit paifRat'b, to rt> noKftt^aBBo^y pacto^y npHAerct DpH6aBHTi. 
no 40 K. B^ cdTHio. -ir"'"^-' .^ni,.> > > <M/. 



TOBapo^i> ^;^ MocRBy, oti'b AOJiJReB'b npeABapHTeibBo 
OROjro 300 p, bpiABAa, HTO aaTpanHBaa TaHyio cyMMy, 
npH yAa4Hott npOAaHcli TpBapa, sa HCRJiio4eHieiiii pacxoAOBi> no 
Kib TOBapa, Baftiia Mbcxa A'i'fl xoproBJH, Bce TaRH noAynaerb ci> COTBIK 
OROJio 4 p. HHCTaro dapuiiia, T. e. no4TH 22^^. !> aaTpaMeuBarb 
Uo "laKaa Dpu6biJb MOHceTb nojyqnTbca TOJbRO BI> 
6CJIH A'b^o'Be^erca^ cii H'aalbcTBbiMii yMl^ubeMi>, 

. -TV-...- .,.> fw-y^ ^ .,- :-;^;' ^'->v?r'3^-- -' ' * -t'-' 

<CRa3aBO HHnce.' - ' ^ - ' ^i^ '-ivi ,!: 

.^nocMOTpHMi> Tenepb, CROJbRO BC'bApyrie npoHSBOAHTejH 
cBott TpyA'b. B'b ripOAOJiweHie uejc^jin TORapb BUTaHHBaerb 
eopTa 3 TbicHHH, oGuRHOBeRHaro copra ci* Be5ojiLmHMi> 4 Tucfl^fi, a 
MejiRgiro HH3Raro copTa AO 7 TbicBl'b mauieR^. IIpH sTOM-b OHT> aa- 
Tpa4HBaeTT> Ba MaTepiajii> CT.' aeSojibiuHM'b I p., cjftAOBatejbBo y Bcro 
ocTaeTCH no 60 R. orb Tucnqn, xaR-b HTO cpcAHitt BeA'bJibBbitt ero aapa- 

paBHflTbCfl 3 p. 

CTOJiapi) A'^Jiaerb npocTtJ^C'b panoRi* orb 23 [AO 15O 
TaR'b HTO cpeABHM'b MncjOMi* OBTJ BbiroBaerb HXT> no 80 85 
niTyRT> B'b cyT'itH. 3aTp&.iHBaH wa Maxepiaj-b OROJO 3 p.V npo;?aBaa iia- 
3a 7 8 p., MacTepT. noJiyHaeT-b 3apa6oTKa AO 4 p. BT> BeA*Jiio. 
3aM'6TiiTb, HTO OTHOCHTeabHa>i BurOABOCTb OTT. npOH3BOACTBa 
6biBae'rb OHeBb pa3JiHHBa, cMOTpa no copxy TOBapa: TaR'b, npm 
npocTHX'b copTOBi. Ba MaTepiaxb TpaTHTca 1 p. 85 R., 
;Ca OTT npOAasRH TOBapa AO 5 p., cji- 
'dp. 16 K., npn pa6dt* TRC CyROUbixi* CHeTOBT> Ba naTepiajfb 3aTpaHH- 
10 p. 40 R , BbipyHaeTCfl orb npoAaTRH 23 p., cji*AOBaTejbBO 

cjiyHa'b MacTep'b nojiyHaerb Gapbima I2 p. 60 R. Ho 
pa3jHHie B'b n.'bB'^ sa Tpy^i* no B^pa6o,TRi o^Horo H xorowe 
Ba TOBapa ypaBBOBtniEBacTCfl TlJM'b, HTO CHCTbi, 3a Bbipa(5oTRy 

-Mac'repy, /^bJiaioTCfl HMT. B'b npoAOJKBie 2V 
HTO BeA^Jbbbift aaj)al$otOR'b pa6oHaro H npn paOoT-b BTOFO copra 
TOBapa nofjiyHaeTea TOJbRO OROJIO 5 p. B'b teHBic pa(5(>raro roAa MaoTepy 
pa6oxaxb H xorb H Apyrott coprb xoBapa, CMOxpa no xpeCo- 

.^. >*r*i v>l ,*f.iv>i :/i\> C44ivi>V v/i;.;:..,i t . ;;.T; ... i^,: ..:, .. 

I >* -^^ ' * . ^ 

^ . .'' . . i^iji>, .ly > 'r^ -*^L. ^1 LI .r'/li VHT'iiMlir 

11 y ^OpUHpOBn^HROB'b, ROTOpbie B'b 5oibIOHBCTB'b CJyHaCB'b flBJHK>T- 

H npOAOBuaMH CHexoBi> B'b MocRB^^ pafiHerid nojynaioxca 

' 

CoT9K> 4-zi^ BepmioBbiz'b npocxbizi* paMorb 

no, ,. ^^',- ^ <w .- *."-I'M 



K. 3aTiaci<*iy, OHM 

Ha 




CXOHMQCXJt po ^OpBfHpO^aHIIO, 

Ha COTHIO caMbixit njo^HXik. c;^, 

;?i. %,,^ - - :V .8 P' 10 K. 

coxHH 4 BepuiROBbixi} cqet^oB'b npOAaeicfl lii^^ iio '. ^7, -i^^ ^ 
COXHH npocxbixi* liaxH BepmROBUxi> paMotci* cxoRti. ' * 
" xucaH'b ocHHOBbixT> ROCxoieRT> IIO t5 R. aa 



' ''"' 'it' .^ ' 'I'oti *9 .T .rtnn<if|r. 
OBOAOBH Tpeoyetca Ha, , >, , '. . L. 

^ cl.'[ u-^,li<^ fi'J.t iUi: ;LO)3 ' (MVj/h< K '^""- 

i HTaipb COTHH woro copxa 

we OHa no 4 ., . \/ 



| 

,(r r ii-. 



^u.l 

noocxbio cMexu noojiaiOxca no, ' 8 Dt ~ JL 

r . , I * , '* ' cIT |i V t ' T T^ 1 1 ''I 'I f^. 

.a caMovy npOHaeoAHxejiK) npo^aBuy: aa COXHK) pV i- . ' 

>!y'*.i-i? Ir^jfl ^.^--niifliftf^n!* .ti'ff''?r.!* t*^'^'^'*|^^'ff|*)'*'Wli/fS6ij ?>imLr.'>?*^' 
3a 8 ThicaH7> KOCXOMCKT* no 20 R. aa xucaqy. . . I oO 

' ^ ' -: ,-, - .-.-;..-. -"/;.-. ; . -L --..-'', ,>r/iM;.JHP .^^T.':ir:i; ^'^..y' 

ipRM "?{ tii.r'><l>) .< 

' :[ r -i-^ ''I* 'V'\^^ *^ 



* ' 




; HTOFO B-b . *-i..j. j^ p. 40 K. 



no. 

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. 

CTOH)n> caMOMy npOH3BOAHTejiiQ-^9poAauy: aa CG^TBIO pflfi^^ lia . 

.- . . . .. . .i,*i,,^,:. . .','/ 

3a 8SQO mx, Kocjoqerb no 30 K. 






p. 14 ft 

on iJt-iw^n ohuj-juHtJj-j'trj ..| d oj^ noKaoT nniJtiAOMii rTO BD 

Ha BOCbMR-BepuiROBue cneTH xoro vc copra n 

. , , ' * 

nH(/in,> '.> fi^ H:is^/w]n a-fo Jir>T9 

3a coTHK) 
3a 9800 rax. 

Ha 



P 

coprb npoAaeica aa COTNIO DQ oto)>f ;.* . *w,f,. .12 p. 50 

' vi^' .;.' rr;!- ,!'*..? ^- 'V^'^--'!! ' 

lLJ>ll iifr^-i-iw*f ;'..7ti . tV.ii. 'l^ ' ; *. , 

Hxo we Kacaexci 6yROBaro coptlt cnexOB^, TO pac^exu no 

HXT 
OltK 

OoxBa pa^oiTb ' . , . . 4 . 10 p. 

7 Tiacami 6i4)iiirb locnmHi^ BO 40 



l^^rf" ' 




Bep*ienie flbip-b 



qo . . . . . ^ , v:. .,.tori'> . * 20 p. 



'' . r It 

t|i< j CoTBfl paaioi-b ..... . . . . . . . 15. p TTTil^ 

4^1 8 Tueimb depedOBbii'k RoeT04eKi noSaR.aaTbicaqy. 4 ^ '^^ iH 

^ npOBOlORH HH . . . ....... ' . . 4 ^ ^ 

3a 



croiorb . 23 p. 



no . [. .j .^ ^ . ^ . ..-^ . ,. u ^ vi *; 30 p. '^ 

, . U MKH 

f?lF, i . - ; . {.-' ' ' '. t 

|j ^^ 



COTHH paMOK-b /'l^'"?"'V^?*Mp 

8800 mx. Oee30Dij]^'b KocTOMerb'no TO K:a:^fl^;" ^ W ^ 



BepqpHie 



. 

'^'''''''^'''^mfV^^m 

no v^j(ii,j4^^),'j^^^Koa4H^n^ ,1 ^M UJTF f^-J^- ^^ 



ecbMH BepmROBue ovBOBue cnexbi cTOWTii 
^TiHij. o.b?>.4H^!^,fcM^^,VU;M:.'*4^r^i^^ 

COTHH paafOBi ^4,v;:'jtis:v*.,g_. iftfc.3^.i^iiAi^i.*vv>i*a ;;'-'-i.j 28 p-- ' 
981)0 BIT. KOCToqcK'b DO 80 H. 3a Tijcaqy;i. -n^^ jiujtfiui V .fj/^ 84 , 

IIpoBoioRH Ha . ,>4|^f,^i;^'A^i^ijp 9^ ^ 

3a 




^ 4o p. 34 K 

.oH'>H;YR" .IM/H:)'}. 
e (JHH aa COTHIO lo ,, 



BepiflKOBue c^eru Toro e coptH cToi(iri^ ' 

.j r/.i.H|(>iJi Oil j; j.!'.; .;;!o Kvr'vj.'+n 



10,800 HIT. KocToq^K* HO i p. ?a TwcaHy 



T> 

JIpOBOJIORH Ha , ^ < ,.M<5>Ht -^ i- J ft; TV j?r-1l 



^ flpoAawTCH we otid to if6'ftt'fl() 'f^ V V^^'^ ^i''*^"/*'^^^ P- 



toproBi^fii njAiiiBOAirroiii nojy <iaDTb tepuma c 
orb BpocTftixt e^tOBi> no 2 pi*7<K>i tii'.ooTHa, eii 

OBilX'b K< DO 7 p 88 B. 

OJt If ^vl IV tV ^V^L ^B^^ WAl^'VL- 4l^^M^ Vk OJilHrVH^ltfYVk tV^R^^ 
J. ^vmLu n VI < 17 ^^ j A^ ^ *A vv v xv A " % * 

11% AoxoAHofTH eetb 



Macxepi> 

cioMi* 125 DixyRi*, 6yROBbixi me xoJbRO 42, cjiiAOBax,e4bBQ, 
* TOMe ROjR^ecTBo. paOoqaro BpeiieBR A^fi npOR3BOACXBa xoro H 

H CyROBbixi) CHexoBi), GyAex'b npR6iR3RxejbHo OARHaROBH. 
IIocMOxpRifb, Kyda R Kam c6biBaioxi> CBoa 

H TOproBi^bi. ^ja xoRapefi R cxoiapoBi) rjaBHbiBfb MtcxoM'b cdbixa TO- 
Bkipa c^ymiLTb A. Ha3apbeBa, TaRi> RaRi 3A'bcb cpaBHRTeJbRo Beebmi iiHorcT 
M^TcaxoproBi^eBii-cRynii^RROB'b^xoRapR R exojiipbi, npRBoaa cBofi 
Bi TOproBi;aui, xox^ac-b e crpyntaiox'b ero. ECJIH 
GBoft xoBap'b Ri> xoproBuy yxce He B'b nepBbift paai*, xo xoBap'b oxi> He- 
ro npUHRMaexca 66311 npOB'bpi^H R GpaROBRR. ECJIR 
8 noxoBCb Bi> xoBap'6. xo y xoproBua BcerAa RM'bexca BoaaiOHCHocTb 

na^e HanOMBRXb Rycxapio ero o6MaHi>. CoBepmenHO Rooe dbiBaexi>| 
Macxepii npRBeai) xoBaRBy xoBapi* BI> nepBbitt pa3i>. ToBapi* ero 

3aopaROBaHHbia Beii^R Tornac'b we B03Bpa- 
RycxapK) o6||axHo. BbiroABO RJIH B-b-r^ iipoAajii} Rycxapb CBofr 
TOBapT>, OH'b Bce paBHO o6a3aH'b yrocxRXb noRynaxeja, x. e. CBecxH ero 
B* TpaRTRp-b, FA* R noRX'b MaeMT>,BOARofi, npRMeM'b He ptAKO cjyMaexca, HXO 
opOAaBem* npocR}KRBHexi> B'b xpaRXHplJ u*Jiul! Aeeb. HaAo6HO 3aM*THTb, MTO 
tt)proBi^u-cRyniij(iiRR c^exo^'becxb Bi>RaHiAOMi> cejieniR, xpaRXRpbi-jirexojib- 
o R ecxb, <ixo Bi> A. HaaapbeBofi^ noaxoMy rA'l^-6bi HR coBepmeaa duja 
k, MarapbiH'b Bcer/^aaaDHoaexca BI> HaaapbeB'b. IIoHaxHO, <ITO, pa3i. 
i> Ha BOJH),Kyoxapb npoBOARx^b ue Hajio JUHQHRXII 4acoB'b BI>^ 

'4 ^'-V-'-'^ 

HaRynRBiuR OTI> DpoH38o,iHxejieft pauoRi) m Rocxo'ieRii R c<i>opifH- 

Bce xo BT> cnexbi, xoproBeu'b aaAaexT* ceo* Bpopoc'bi 
noBhiroAH'be npOAaxb CBoJtxoBapb? CObiTbroxoBbix'b H3A*-iift 
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M36u npoMbiuueHHHROB'b. Bi> TaKHxii H35a 
npKo H rpasHo. PaOoTH >nO''<VRpAR* 

, ^^o cifaiajn^ meTRoit,' a '5at*in> KI^TLIO, 

Bi> ndrOTOBjLeHHyio Had'bCTHtiiM'b o9pa3osn RpaCRy, uacTCpb upoeo* 
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nMi> rjiiiHaoBHTOCTb, HXI> lou^arb ^a oco6oM'b cTanRt, H dTHirb 
aaRaHqiiBaeTCfl Becb npouecci^' upoH3BOACTBa. 
ynoTpe5jfliOTCH KpacHJbu^HR^iiii oGiJRHOBeHHbia caaoxnui', 
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26 R. aa mxy 

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npocymtek pa6oTaK)maroc 
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H. CTOioii^ifl no 5 pyiJaett ia intyiii^V ^^T**^ ^^ '^ roA*. 

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aerfc TOJBKO orb pa6oiaro H rb |ia6oqeiiy, npn 
a 6yMary , 5jiarox&p> oeo6oMy ycTpottcTsy v 

sacTOJbKo cBibHutt, <ITO BRMHem* eAsa MOKHO ABHraTh no 



^ Hsi* jraaoearo xep^Ba, CTOion^aro !*/ py^?^ BuxoxHTh 3 
B8T> lOTopux'b KaxcAaa cjyxHTb TOJLRO no Mtcmy. KpOM'b 
aaro, RpacBJbn^HKH ByxAAioTca eii^e BI. ofiuKHOBeHHux'b 
Ba 40) B Jioxapii ("^ P>)* KpoMt TOFO BMI* iio6xo;iBiio 

ne<ib ci TpyGaxu, ROTOpaa croRTb AO 12 py6jieK Bcero 

RpacBibn^nRaMi* (na ocHODHott RaaBTajti*) TpeOyeiCH cyMMa 
P Bynara, ynoTpedimoo^aflCH AJio ORpacRH, Guuaerb Tpex-b cop- 
TOBi: ROB^eRTiiA*, ynoTpe(>JfleMaH A^I oOeptRK ROH^eRrb H ORjetlRH 
xaproaoirb, nuarBaa B'becojbRo Meabmaro <opifaTa npoTHBi nepBott, H 
6biRuoBeBBaa nHcsafl. 3a oRpacxy CTOOU ROBeRTBott 6yMarH 
^'-p. 20 R., aa CTony raaeruoft 1 py6., aa nRcqyio 80 R. 
vb ROToputt ByjRBo 6uBaeTi ORpacHTb 6yMary^ apH pacutnR'b paooTU 
B6 npHHHMaercff BO BHiiBfAH|e, xoTfl AJifl MacTepoBi* OH% H 

, U'bHa aa Bupa6oTRy TOBapa oGuRHOBeHBo 



6l> COCTaBl> RpaCHOtt RpaCRH, Kit ROJIHHeCTB'fi AOCTaTO4HOM'b 

6yMarH, BXO;IHTT>: V * >yRCHHa, 1 nyA'b xeopora, & 4- 
TaRoe iKe ROJiHiecTBo poaoBott HpacKH TpeoyeTCg: 2 nyAft K^^y> 'A 
yRCHHa n 10 . Kjen. B^ Apy^ie uu-bra 6yMara 

y lepeBeBCRiix'b npouaBOAHTejiett. 

fi.r ^ ., , r "T 

MaTOpiajibi, yaoTpeoaEeicue A-iti ORpacRU 6yHara ce^bCKHMH npo-, 
iiaBOA0TejiaiiH, cj-bAyKNiiie; M'bJi*, OAUHY* ^yHTb Koxoparo CTOHrb 60 R.,; 
yRCHH'b aa . CTOHrb 3 p. 50 R,, KJiett 8 K. ., co^a 10 R. ., TBOpqn* 
no 1 p. 40 R. aa nyAi*. ^" 

KaRi> GyMara, TRRI* ^iJf'^-JipacRn noRynaiorcfl npoHaBOAHTejaMH BI 
ttMyn^^^i'Bfe.HHo y ToproBua 'JeOyKOBa, Rorophift oxaycKaerb 

Bi> upCAffM.. V ^ ' ' 

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OT> paOpTb ^^o^iiiiii^HRa. Di* MacxepCEoft xlixi) H 
6biBaexi no poBny. KaHiAuft nac-b xoxi H 

no ABib ACCXH SyaiarM fx. e. 48 JUCXOBI). cj'bAOBax.ejbBO HI 

JT .*.'*..., . '^ ;' ' ' K'' ' '^'' ' 

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roxoBaxii ue nt^'be CTOflu Rpaine.v^Qft G^ifarM (480 IBCXOBI*). Sa pa^ 
MaiuToa oQjurRifOBOiiHo BI 4 ^i^ yrpa B KOR4aR)xi> BI* SBC* 
iu 9f<^ iK(UI^vb ipMf9> noTp&*iiiBDe Ha o^i^A 
TO ocTaBeTcn 12 pii6o<iiii% sacoB*. 

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paj5o<iit HO nepixpAMTb rb ApyrHM-b SHAairb padorb, ^He xvrpa Hama 
6^6{>ftT% M^cte^ia, Bcakiii iiajib^iirb iioeti 
fd, pai^BRixa iieiirAy pallot'OK) yieHitta tt itiicTepa 
B-b EoidqeCrei'fi fitjpaObTUBaevfaix'b tlbiti* ti 



Bi Teienie OAHOFO pa6oiaro AHI, c^HTaa B-b HOMI* 10 

npoH3BOAHTejfl oROHqaxeJibHO HaroTOBJiaio'rb 2 CTonbi 5y- 
BI* ifbCHi;!}, cqaxafl ero Bii 25 pa6o<iix'b ARett, 
OHH oRpacflTb 50 cTonik Gyiiarii. IIpeAnojoiRHBrb, 4T(r OHH pa6oTa* 
lorb TOAbKO OAHy RoaeRTHyK> 6yHary. O6pa6oTKa raaexHott H nHc<iel 
<(5yMarH onjiaHHBaeTCfl MCH'bef HO aa TO STHx-b copTOB-b Dbipa6oTbiBaeT- 
6ojbme, cpoM'b xoro ea STH copxa HAerb Meubine cpacRH. . 



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TOBapa B'b 50 cxon'b 6yMarH, TO pacxoAU AU ei opoMiBOACXBa BU. 

' ^ ^ ' 



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3a 7 u^exoRii no 2o R. ...... 1 ^ 40 ^ 

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Bi> MocRBy ...... 2 ,1 ^ 






p. 401 



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43 p. 40 R., ynoTpefiieBBbiii* BH upoBaBOACTio, TO 






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npOMbicja OTHpCHTCa irb 1830 r. IlepBuiiD nyroBnqHHRanH 
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B03Bpaii;eHiH orryAa Bit CBOIO AepeBBio Haqa^H paCoTaxb poroBua H KO- 

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no6yAHJio ApyrHxi> RpecTbflH'b A*' .lyHeBoft nocjitAoaaTb npHM'bpy BTHX'b 
npOMbiinieHHHKOBit. 3aT'bM'b npOMbicejii nocTeneHHO pacnpo* 
no coc'bABHBTb cejieHiflMit BoropOACRaro J^^RA MocROBCRoit 

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in H CMeiRaaro ^"^ HHirb EropbCBCRaro PflaaHCRott. Bi 
H3i 8Tuxi> cejieHitt nyroBHHHbifl aaBeAeeui OTRpbixbi BecbMa 
TaiTb Haop., BT> A-^6JioxoBofi BoropOACRaro ybaAa He 6oi'be 15 
'a ETb H'bROTOpbix'b ApyrHxt. TOJibRO BTi DOCJi'^AHie 2 3 roAa, RorAa ny- 

rOBHI^bl 5bIJIH Bl TaROMli CHJIl|lOM'b COpOC^, HTO npOMbllUJieHHHRH He'tik- 

. xoAHiH BOBMOKHOCTH npHroTOBjflTb TpeCycMoe ROiHHecTBO TOBapa, qaCtb 
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Majio cnoco5cTBOBajiH MOAU, Tpe^oBaBinifl'oTA'biRH eHCRHxiROCTK)ifOEi: 

, . ' . ' , . . , . ,:.:!' I 

Ha H'bROTOpbix'b njiaTbHX'b noutiE^ajiocb no 3 4 AK)HHbi nyroBHi^'b. Bi* 
aacTOfliuee Bpexa cnpocit na nyroBHUu yMCHbinHJicfl H axo noBJieRio aa 
aaKpbiTie HtROTOpbixi* nyroBHHHbixi> aaBCAeHiii H cHJbHoe noHH- 

ie Rarb i^'bH'b Ha nyroBHi^bi, xaRi) H aapa6oTHoit ajiaxbi pa6o*iHiii: 
2 3 roAa HaaaAi), i^'bHbi 3a naqRy nyroBHi;i> AOXOAHJIH ^o 2Vt 3 py(5., 

Hacxpflu^ee are BpeMH maximum axoft U-^Hbi He opeBbiiiiaexi* 1 p. 25 K. 



Ooo5pa3HO c'b dXHM'b H pa6oHie nojyHajtH njiaxy BABoe H J^AXQ Bxpoe 

^ ' . " ' ' .! li * i "v ju-Vvi i k y .!! rj , II '.m, 111' 

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xoTJOiTb c^ BOAOio, Harp^BaeMuiTb CHRay. /(uM-b nponycRaeTcx 
xepeBflBRyio Tpy6y. KyaHHna o(5uKHOBeHBo nM%en 2 ORBa, 1 
B FAOJib crbBi ycrpoeRU laBRR. Pora H Roobira RjRAyTca BI RO- 





Bi ROTi% IVt 2 *iaca. CROpocTb Hjii iieA<ieHBocTb npH pa- 
aaBHCETb orb CB^KCCTI^ poroBi H Ronurb. Hai* Roxjia pora 
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"T, ^'' .'i I . ;.-. ..liM-.'i - 





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; . ;: ,'; < '^' .> .:n j^; '/ , , .^]:;-:^snyN ; i M,. 

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TpJbRO '^Ibjaexca 6o<i'be MarJKH'M'b. JLaji^e pa3p%3aBHtiie pora n RO- 
'ijiita nirb Ry3BBiibi nepeAaioxcfl BI* nyroBHqByio MacxepcRyid. TA^ ^^t> 

, :OFr. ,1 j, f-.; . . . f;. i, -.^ 'i.^ ('.;.'' i;:..i ;:.? ,". ':..*' 7 .r,.".rr ,{;. 

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^ XMt^K^Tb pBBJiRHBbie paaklpu; caMoio'RpyiiBok) CHHxaibxcli^ uacxepcRia 

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pyiuRjibHaro npccca npBAaexi> nani bpMv RpyacROB'b. BBH- 

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^epxBett qacxR Rpyrjoe bxBepcxie. Pyiouubn^HRi* 6epexi> ji'feBoio pyRoio- 
RODbixByio oiamRy. BcxaBJiaexi> ee noAi> npecci). npHBO- 

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AJia uLiA^SB njaxbi pa6oHHMi>, qacxbio c'b'bcxHbiMH B 

DpoAyRxaMH; npH HQV'b icbHa aa nocji'l^AHie Haaaanaexca, Bi) 

me paaM'ikpl}, KaRi) H fcia. BC'bx'b HaeMabixii paGonHxii. 8i;ox'b cno- 
pacnjiaxbi aacxau^aexi) UHorAa MCJiRaro nyroBHHHHRa, BonpeRH yro- 

CA^iaHHaro ci* itpyuHUMii, cOMB^xb CBOH TOBapi* eapeaMT), DOHXH 
npcxoaiiiio npi'baaraHjii^Hii'b Bit dA'^aiHin cejLCuia aa noKyuRoio nyroBHi^'b. 
KBpeu noKynaiorb TOBap'b Ha paMHtum Advbriit *iTo B coCjaaaaexi* nyro- 
^MB^HHKOBit. KiMn cKQpu iipyniioHy upoMuuiJQttiiiity c^l^Aaexca 

coAepuiBBiuitaeg rt ym^H etfy 

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' srHCfepbRoft jijD^JKaro RyroBH^HHRa, H 
ToiibRO *incTl> ' TdBflpa. HaCROitRo BbrrOffHO AIH Rpyo- 
iipofliiiiuiJieHHiiKOBi* flploOp'ftTeHle TOBnpa orj, MeJRnxi>, MOWHO 
B8i cjioBik OAHoro nyrommHHRa, RanHxajRCTa BT* i. 

HntJiK) nojyiaerb opb oxHoro 4ie4Raro 

OTix 10 AO/1& p. qKCTott npHObiJiH, npHuocHMoti Buy Hpea'b uepe- 
npio6p*TeHHbix?b y nocji^AHflro nyroBim-b. OopMU c-b pHcyn- 
KOTOpuMH DojibByeTCH MCJiKiJi npoMbiiujieHHHK'b, He npeBijmaK)TT> 
i;*HHOCTbK) 60 pyG. MTaR'b npnGhiJiL, nojiynaeMaH npynHuwh 

JICHHHROM'h, paBHat'TCfl lo 25Va B'b HCA'liAK). . 

r, ^ > * ^fr <U-*' '''^' ' ^ 

^ jj^ilyrQBHHHHHoiJb, paSoTaioii^HX'b CBOHMH ceMencTBaMHjHac 
Cfl 3A*cb BecbMa He MHOFO. PaaBHTiio sToit a>opMu nponaBOACTBa 
MHuro npenHTCTByeTb HeAoeTaTOKT> A6HeH{Hbixi> 

xpoflcTBa uac'repCHoft H HeAOBtpie, Bojopoe OHH BC rp-feHaiorb co CTOpo- 
KpynHbix'b DpOMbiuiJieHHHKOB'b, BbipajKaiomeeca BT> TOM'b, MTO nocji*A* 

He OXOTHO cHaCiRaio'rb xo3ueBi> HeoojibuiHxi> 

Heo6xoAHMiiiMi> KOJiH4ecTBOMi> cbiparo MaTepiuJia H He oinycKaiOTb 
o^opu'b CT. pp.cyHRaMu Ha AOM^. PaOoxaiomie y ceOa Ha Aowy 
9TO ecjH He 6ojilje BbiroAHbiMT>, TO Coj-Jbe cnoApynHbixi-b, 

OHH Bi> jiliTHee Bpeuu aaHHMaioTCfl 3eMJieA'bJiieMi>,a A^inaaHUTin npo- 

TOJbRO cBo6oAHoe OTb^eMjeAtJibHecKHXT* padoTb. 

. IIOHTII B'b KaXCAOti U36'b }KeHIUUHbI 38HHMaK)TCa 

HHoft pa3'b TRauRift CTaHORT> RKRT* HiioyAb HCDOpTMTCfl Hy WHO 

a xeHu^HH'b OAHofi He cnpaBHTbea*) HHorAa npuxoAHTca nyroBHMHHRy Roe-Ry- 

AftCl>^3AHTb: TO BT> TOpOAT*, TO BT> BOJiOCTb, TO B'b DOJie. Bct 8TH 

OTi> daHHTifl npouiacjioM'b HaBepCTbiBHiOTCfl yBeJHHeHieu'b ^HCJi 
H BCj^&ACTBie 8Toro pa6oTaK)meMy Aoaia iipHxoAHTca 

3a paGoToii ropa3AO AOJbuie, HeweJiH paCoTaion^eBry B'b uacTepCRoik 
xo3flHea. 

Bbiine 6iiij!b CKftaaHo, ITO pacnjiaTa xoBaeBi* RaRi. c'b 

* pAOOqHMH, TaRl H C'b MBJIRHMH DpOMblUIJeHHRRailH, 

' TOBapoin; 



O BbIAa<l1b pa3JHMHblX'b C'b'bCTHblX'b npHOaCOB'b H TOJbRO H3- 

npocROJi>3HeTi> BH^TOxcHaa cyMMa, BbiAaHaa paGoTEHRy BajR*ft- 
HbiMH AeH^raiiH. la noATBeHCAeaifl cRa3aHHaro noutiAaeirb 3Alcb BU- 



BHRa (BMtioiuaro THRAC H M^ABO-niopHO^ 3aBexeHie). dra BunBCRa 

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ci* pa(k>T0iiKOii<i 

DOCTOpOUHRXlf. ^ pASCtpeTBIilXl* I^HWBBaX'b pa6o*U(lit 

Taii>KO 06(011 a na^pa <)TOiiiiri>cTn 



B 00 

y ce6a f^ BBBrii cefl^acik M^ oo 
4B6o pa^oxBHKy; y nacxepa we xojbRo oo iipom^xBiH 
H aa6paBBoe HMI> B-b paaBoe BpeMfl BOJIBHOCXBO 



cpaauaro 3a6opy BH CTOJII>KO>TO. 

c<ieTOBi> OABOoopaauhi: Bit aarojxyBR'b nHmeTCfl Bpena 
iH uacTepa Ha pa6oTy H ycAOBjeBBaa u'baa, BHe*B8iH 
BaaaaHiecejieBifl, EI* KOTOpoMy OB'b npHBaAJiexcuTb, a 8aT'fiMi> 



H Ko;[fi<iecTBO aaaBHuxi* ^Beri u 

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j .1 HanpHMtp^: ., if ^ ':MjH/r.o.r ^ailJifjau [O .r;ui| U-r^^A/q UO 
1879 r. irojra 2.ro flea. 



HHKHTHH-b. lJ,*Ha . . . . . . .'p. 70 K. 

Ilo CHexy 3a EpMaJTOMT. HBKHXriHblMT, . j^ ^' ^^'V /'^^'' 6 > 59 



2. ABft Kapxyaa 

7 .1 ; > .'''Itul'i'' *'.;';* /iuo'MjMrjj;>/s .;.4rUUO'.li .- e-.. 

> 7. 1 cejcAKa.;. . ?, * ,* , i , . .-^ , v ^- - > -5 i 

8. 6 30.1. H8K), '/^ caxapy H Ae"erT> 15 Kon.^' '''^*> ^7 

11. 1 KycoK-h Mia.iai -v 'V^ . -i . .'^'^''^ ;>WyV>'^w^;>^ jj ^^ 

' 15. 3H noAAeBKy 3 p. 60 K. H AeHen> 30 RonJ 'J-'-'^^^^'Si 90 

* . ' ' " * - . * . . . -. . , . _ 1 , . A. . . , 4 ' . - . 

22. 2 a>yHxa Gy.aoHT> 



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23. ^law M caxapy na i.*. i' v t. !<>! 'i.i 

> 29. 3 aoji. HaK) H 12 caxa 



30. V| . xaoaKv . .'\ .'A. . ^' . . . -A lu > 



ABr. 1. AHHO AeHeri.. ;-';."';- /^-,;- ^;.''f" .; ""-y -<-i6 . 

' 5.630.1. HHioV,. caiapy BACH. JOB. BaBHHrf"''''''i! SS"". 

' ' >-'ll. 3 30.1. Maio, /.'i. cttiapy .^';-'^i'^".''^f ".'""'" iii"i'"'i:i'' ". 

' Vi2. ;iaHu noAAeBHa H canoJ :" ."^V''*?" :"'." ^''^^JI'^S-' W'. 



..... '>. /I,ect-i. Ha BHHo 10 B., aa. Ta6aKT. 5 Kon;"'" "iiif".'' I*' , 
* "-i'i 22. VA*. caxapy .''.'^", '':": . .: . . :'*vmj,,;r,n;^.i; 

"'','"!'''''' M'-'Ml'' '^^.'".Ur.M-if .! |l!. iT.^'- lij^:.'i:jt.,. ,i-. ".-.- _ > 

" 



11 U. 41 K. 

* ' = , 



. i> ... i 

111. oou^eR I;H*PU aaopanHaro paooxHnKOMT> CXOBMOCXL paa- 

XTi npoAyKTOBT* paBHaexca 75V6, a ACHcr-b Bcero XOJLKO 25Vi o(5- 
meft cyMkibi. ^To6bi cocxaBHXb ceO* iipu<5jiH3HxeJbHoe noHHxie o paaarfe- 
pax'b BbiroAbi, DOjyHueHoti opo^luuiAt^BUKRaMU OXT* xaKoro cnoeooa piic- 
njiaxbi c'b piOoMHMH, AOCXAXOMIIO cKaaaxb, MTO upK vrnycR'b.^ nanp.^ OA- 
Boft ccjeARH aa 6 R., xo^JiRu^, npU>4}p^Tii> CVJ^AH tfojbaiiiJiii BapxiaBiH 
no ^8 iu aa 1000 uiryrB, HajKHoaein* ncwtu pydjfi iia pyfijb. B^ xoft 



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' *'"*^'^'' , . ..JT :.-j,^j.^ V./'^^^^r/t* 



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xoa^BBy BABoe xeoieBje ToA u'bBU, BO 
pa6o4eiiy BI> 

Macrrepa, pa6oTaiomie 6ojf^e 

, IIOXl3yiDTCl OTb X^OTKXlfH 6olb1nm'b Hp6ABTOll^ Hpl 

aapaGoTxa AOHi>i*aMf( BCTpftqaerca BI 
n caHua cyHnu KpyoB'Be. /I,ja npHHtpa npmoAiiirb BOByn 

,, . , ,.^ ^ .L^i^' 

^ ^% fl r9 V^ 1 1V\ V ^f 9 W O ^tf TY J^/^^^^T W Q TV^L. tX ^h f^lk ^\fv^^A IV 

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OB6tt ABitcBM'^ EtifcTBrAlieBi) inHjeBRbBi>; n'bda. "V V^ J* 

.itw.ijH^ c4e^y 3a AM'BCBMOM'b EB<iTHrB'))eBbtM'b V 'i,*< t^';f^J***''>J90 * 3 i 

<rflO Tw^jrii' 8 1 'hnn. nfnAM'**.t..iA:^jrt.?..i^^t|vHt)iii v<k Knts<i/. .'v.v^ ^t i 

,T AAIAA V. ^ A L/r* UUIdlu ' Jl' vfv 

r iW'^^f'i'^' > 1 ROJiyBT> Bonuft, 1 RapTy3'b xaCaRy ,*'^^ i''''^^^'''2i'^'65 
i<4tj '/ * 'aio, 1 . caxapy . fe > PviunK i *r><fc. . > i > 68 

' 4 ' * ^ I 

A* ' ^9 A ^^ 

i 

14. 1 DyA'b MyRB, 1 <j>. caxapy . v ni> .-.:.',,! -yr 87 
yB. Mbijia Hcejixaro, 2 ceaoAKB. .l.^yarb ^u - 

M')ifrr*i ifs: > 46 

w<;.'U^ n-k.n. . 1 . 
Ci^vrj o- "a!inl"-> 50 > 



." 23. 3 *. BCTHRBbl . . . ... . . '. .MJiHi.ITI'tft' * 45 



*Hi/ ^.^^' "^^ '^^^^ ''*^' ^ * *^*Py yi;.iLl,/r V ;r->n.-Aq'H,:' *^ * 

'' 27. 1V *. Macjia AepeBaB., 2 o. Oyioirb. .' \ -, > 66 

LMj;F,tti;'i u,'" '; '--jl -t A'I -^ ' - j. * ,. 

t M*pa Rpym, . ,,,.. *....., ....iv.,.*.,^ ..,,., JL > 40. 




H ACHerb. , . ^,i.' rt.,.. *. * 

') ^yf'-.i; u *'' ^i.fftUJvi ii'* 

. 4. 1 nyA'b MyKB paBoii . . , .j...^^, ?^,.,',,_^ 

* 6' A^Hcr-b 50 K. H 1 o. Macjia ...... 65 

f 2 KycRa Mbijia. , ; . > ...... > 24 

11. 1 n. HyKH, lO apin! cHTuy i 3 ap. HRHKU. 2 > 84 

i V > 1 . Macja AepeB., i <i>. Macj!, 2 cBtqH. . > 6( 



l5. 1 . Macjia Aep. ^ * COJIH, 1 . 6y40K> . 36 



COJIH, 1 . 6y40K> 

.<' ,',.' '" **-"'" ^ ,, 

- ' ' ' ' 











40Vt HST* o6ii;aro H^bra aadpaHnaro. HaAO aan^TBTb, HTO 
bie n];^BeAeBHOMy,cocTaBjifliorb BCirjK)ieaia. Macxepi. IIlBJeB- 
nojii>3OBajicft bco6eAHiaM'b xoaaficRBifb pacDoioeBi6Mi>: oB'b6uj'bBC- 

ByCBblM'b npHTOHBHROlTb BOBblXl> pBCyHKOBT> A-IK DyrOBBUT* B OpB BTOM'k 

OTJHqajicfl Tpe3BbiMi> noBeA^BieBTb. BBeaanBaa CMfepxb ero, noc4'bAOBaB- 
maa BT. ROBU'b abrycTa BacToaii;aro roAa, npBqBBBia xoaaBBy Be Majoe 
oropqeBie. 3x0 oropqeBie 3aBBCBio orb AByxi* naBBbizi* npBHBB-b: BO 
OTb BeBOanoxBocTli BI cKOpoirb BpeMCBB npiBCRaxb BOBaro Ma- 



eoOTOHTb- Mitt. 

we ii59rii SBKARoro 

ftflie Bfa 

canorH, BeA^BBO cmBTbi6"''lIIiifleHiioBBiiit, <R^.RI flrat 
vbKOTopoik OTeneHH nomcBTb <iaeTb AOJira. HO no 

o5'b Benui yxe npoAaubi H 

Ha noxepoBu. IlpHBOAa BI> npuuiiprk dTOtrb HGiEJiO<iHTeju>Hiift 
cedH., cjiyqaft, xoaaHH'b nbJib3yeTCfl HBIII^ 

nojiOHreBie npOMbinijeBBBRa, noABepxceHHoe BC6BO3MO* 
. Uo cjioBani) ero, xaRia npouaHiEH AOJI;'OBI A^^IICRO- 
H BCJi'bACTBie dToro BI^FOAI^^ no^ynaeMua OT> BeAepia npor 

coRpaiuaiOTca) ecjm Be yBULqrroiKaiOTCJi 
xo3neBa oS'b BCTOpiH 
3a, paCoTBHRaMH BecbMa cRpOMuo yi 

- (. ' '''*' -w 

^' TaRott cnocoG'b pacnjaTbi npaRTHRyeTca ;it''t'b MeJiRHMH nyroBHi- 

HRBaHH, OOCTaBJIHIOn^UHH RDYnHblM'b npOMbHUJieBHllRaM'b CBOH U3A'1b<Ilia. 

AW A 

Pa3flBi;a TOJbEo BI> TOMI*, HTO ROJin^ecTBO BC'ibX'b BMAaBaeMbixi> no- 
npBAMeTOBb noTpe6jieBia H A^nerb KpytiB*e. ;I,eBe7KBbifl 



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CROHM'b paCoTBHRau'b ^BCTb 3apa6oTiioft 

.. ., >^ uiHrJi.->^j .^ i. .i-i; *., ^ 

YcTpoftcTBy HejRHXii caMocTGHTejbHbix'b BaBCAeHiit BccbMa 
npenflTCTByen. neAolTaTORi. bciioBBaro RanHTRjia, ' 

AOBOJIbHO 3HamiTeJtbHbIM'b. flpMBOAHMl) BA^Cb CTOBMOCTb OTA*JIb- 

RanRTajia fl,A^ MacxepCRoft ci) HaHMeBbmnMi> 
3 



, . . . 
ropBOMT. ,y, 65 p. 



* 




\ ;': rv'^^ 

CTaMeCRH AJia p*3aBba RpyxROBi. 1 -t nf >u: , 
2 TBCBRJibBbix-h npecca . 

CT, pJICyBRaMH . 

,AJiaonp<VBJi8BianyoBm'b 20 
^ *- .<^Bet>JBig'^.,,ir*,,^ . , 20 
V ' T, nojmp^Hnii 10 



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Be npniifTfii jrii pae<ier pacxoii;^ It 3[eTpoi9TB9 



npOMumjieHBBKOBii HBCjo HX'k AOCTBran><ft7-^ an jutBEKfiAX>.|)(B6a- 



HTO KHcaercfl oGopoTHuro RaJHHTAja, TO paaiilipiii eix) 
. HpH 8 padoraioimu'b MexBitt nyroDHHiuiinb Moacaercfl coTBew ro- 

6apaHkBxi> poroBrb B 100-^150 Konurb^ i;Bpa CTOBMOCTB 
{uoKynvb B3i> nepBuii pyirK, cooraBBTb eii CJOVBOOTB xo 20 

liyroBHHBBBi nocTa&iierb CBoft TOBap FpynHony BPOMUID* ^ 



o AofiuBaniH cbiparo Marepiaja^ BcenAa Bii 6Q4i>iB9M'i> Bojui<ie- 
marbtoiuaroca; BTi 9anac1b y nyroBHHHHKa-BanifTajiBCTa^rjqii .r^oiipu 
Heo6xoAHafbie c'bliCTHbie H spyrie npOAyKTio,, BbiAHfiaeMue Macxe- 



, PjisaHCKott rydepHiB, OTCToaiueMii orb pattoBa, 
nyroBHHBbiirb npOBsaoACTBOM'b, BI> 5 -^ 10 BepCTHOifb paacro- 

OIBH Hf>i.iiiidif oiin 
H ac'b OBB 

u k^DtiMji^nd .AIUXI^U ftrc d^:^{ .iHim$i i vj> 
.i E/Pdb3aji>ii^HRi porOBik B BoabiTb noiynaeTb 1'^, p. BI> BOA^JM); py- 

V 50 R.; Bpy}Ke*iHBKi> '^'/s^^^ p. 



p.; caepJiHJibiuurb M/^i p.; onp3H4bii;BRir^lVs 1 p. 
)iiojHpoBij[;ERi> nojiy^iaerb CA'&JbHyio niaTy > c'b nanRB o^ 2 AO 4 E. 
1 AOHb Moverb OTQOJiBpOBaTb orb 15 AO 23 nanerb. Paap^aaxb so- 
MacTepi> Moverb AO 70 6apaubiix'b poroBii B-b Aeab, RonbiTi* pag- 
OABBMi) MacxepoM'b AO 300 uiTyrb vBTb AOBb. HapymBTb 
Macrepii Moxerb aa 80 na<ierb nyroBHUT*; Bap 
35 45 na^erb; TBCBHibo^HR^ npHroTOBjgerb orb 15 26 
* no BejiBqBB'b B no RanecTay nycoBBU'b: xopomia 

ixHo Aepmarb noAi* npeccoMi* AOJHme npo^Bxit; acero OBO* 
npBroTOBJiiiOTCJi icasaHBbia nyroiaBi^u (aH3Riji coprl*). OopaaBXb B'b 
>'i MacTepi> Mowerb orb 60 90 nai6R%; opocaepiBTb 35^ 60 aa- 
UamBBaiorb Ha aapTU nyroanubi o6biRBoaeaHO Ma 
n A^BOHRH), noiy^ax co 100 naveBi 80 R. 3apa6oTOR% iixi> 
10-^15 R. Bi> AeBB.uy B'bROTOpux'b nyroanHBRRoab 

Ba Bapxbi saHHinaioTca MajibRBRji, aaaiue Ba roAa BJ* o6y*ie- 
Hie nyroBBqaoMy MacxepCTay. _ ^ , v _ .>_ .i)iiT:>ou>jt'.inni n 
oqn Brb nyroBHqabixi> saBeAdaiix'b /eii BadicHUHB pa<5oHnBB 
He apeRpan^aeTca / Rpyubift rojcb, BO x'JbroM'b cocTarb 



^ on 

^y^DBB^Ia ai> f roAaxi*, Aaam Bpo- 
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p(ftOo<faro nepeoRaja 

ytiejHtitiiiiTi ero. B% oacroitmee 



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. Uaqajio n ROHec^'b pa^o^iaro AHH B-B 

: co OqflToii H^AI^JH AO 1 OKT^^PH (iloKpos'b) 
4 qaeoBik yvpa u Hpaqaercff Bi^cyMepKH; pa6oTaiopb 6earb 
. C% I ORTif6pB n AO CBiTott ^aqRflaeTcc paOo^a Tame ;*& 4 
yTpa oKaM>iaBaeTCfl v^ 8 Bevepa. ditmrpiiKaiorb B^ 6 q 

oflOxyAHH II yxcHHaiOTb no oROHMaHiir pa6oTiii. 8aJ- 
H 'o6'faAi> npOAOJvaeTCf TOISKO no nojyqa^y. Ha OTAui^'b Bnpo- 
}(Hfl uojaraeTCB ne ^oji'be > i} qaca H BTO TOJibKo 6biBaeT% 
BpeMeHfl OTB''! ^orridpa AO CBflToft, Tax-b KURik paGonitt 



pa5oTa 

; pa6o>iie co^HpaioTCB Ki xosflBBy aa 
OTopaBJflKyrcii Bi) 6auio, MSfbioiuyi 
npoMbirajiCHBaro saBCAeBifl. . ^ * ., ..tuV.,^ v 

y 'BC'bx'b xoaaitcRie, cocTOfliAie U3i ii^efi, nozjiedBH, 
II KamB. Bclb BTB 6jiK)Aa noAaiOTCH B-b aaeTpaK-b^ n 
. Mflca B phiOu He fCuBaerb: cRopOHBue luv roTOBxrca 

, a nooTHue ci* Kai?oajHBpbiMi Mac4oifi. Kama ei* 
iiacjioiii> (nocTBUffb). Hati xoagftcRiii nbnrb TOjibRo 

paOoraTb .conam^^Tca TO4bKO 

Macrepa; HM'E nBorAa oTnycKaeTCH 1 aoioTBtiRi* <aio B 3 4 j;y- 
caxapy, BnopAa me OHB AoniiBaion> nait, ocT&Bmiiicfl 
>i>u. .HoieBMTL pa6j*iie pacxoAaTca no cBOBU'b AOMaMi, eciB 
flrilKyTi> B% BTott xe ApBBi> iVl*^ DOM'bmneTC B MacTepcRaa; Bii 
wee cjyHa'b Bonyiorh BI> pa^oneifb 

BJB KTO jB<3o B3i 4jieBOBi> BFo ceiieticTBa BCTKerb paBbine npo- 
B BanpaBjiseTCB ()yAUTi> paGoMBxi. PasAaJtii HMI* A'^JO B Dpo6iiifii> 
MacTQpCRofi AO 6, T. e. Ao Toro BPCMBBB, ROPAH BCTaByTb Bcrb npp- 
HJicHU ceuLB^ OBI} OTflpaBjineTCfl CHOBH cDftTb AO 8 H^; Kit 
yve TOTOBI* qatt B aaBTpaR'b. XoaaeBa aaBxpaRanrb 

B yXBOatOTb OABOBpeMBBBO C'b paGoqBMB, BO 3a CTOJOM-b 

o6biRBOMBBo ropaVAO Ao^i*io6; RymaBbfl UPBTOTOBJIBDTCS 
oco5o ors RymaBii paOoqBxi* a OTJBqaB)ica 



jIioGHifuarb paaBi^eMieM-b CJyxarbRyjaqBbid 6oB*~r^cTbHra'^, npo- 

w\ npaaABUMBue ABB M^^Ay ipecTMiBaiui 
ORpyiRBMxi AepeBeBb. B^ tilixi* 6<MXb BpBBBMaR>Tb yqacTie 
pa6oHie iiacTepoRHxi, BO ^ eaiiB XOSABMI. O^uxBOBeBBUM'b 

oj|yT% rpsBiiM Bp3BBi;Baro B B 



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vpconpo- 
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BHBA 

HnhoJiBeBiii BapOxd* 
iRe BoropoACKarb ^^3Aa A. 

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'ynoTpeojteBin cnBptRt^i'b BairBtROBi>. IlbjtHCTBo aAl^cb paaBHTo TOJi>Ra 
Bi Tlixii cejeBiaxi), rA'b ecTb RaGaKn; a TaMtt, rA'b B^rb Ka6aROB7k, pa- 
Ba 3aBeAuiaii abiorb Bcvuy TOJbRO BI> 



' 



tHJUi > npH npaaABOBaHUf 'cnf^Meira^u BHOBb nocxyuaiomaro 
paOoTRjuca. B'b A- ^ejoxoeott, Banp., RaOaRa n^Tb u 

n 6btBaau npeAJiojseiiia oOir otRpUTiu ero co 
fiaTHOROBii, AaBaBioEX-b cejbCKOMy oOo^ecTBy 500 py^. BI> 
^ vAu, .HO KpyiUMe npoMuuueBBaKH, BHAII B'b axoifb 

(nporydbi), BcliMn MtpaMU npOTHBBTCH Ba ce4bCROirb 

Bro BMI* yAaexca, noTOMy HTO 

rjiaBHyio eiuy. Upory^u co oxopouu paConax-K Beci>|ia 
R inTpaoBT> 3a HRX'^ BO noJiaraercH. .xM;qjn > Hnniihvi.i!iuft<oj: 

KpeAHTyioTCH xojbRO BiKOTopue Kpynnbie u RcnpaBHbie 
aR'b nanp. crapocTa A. 4eJoxoBoti. 3aRMOAaBueM'b BI> 
flBiflCTCu MteTBbiii CTapoo6pflA^ecKiJI cuuii^eBHRRii. CyMMa 
npefibiiiiaeTb 100 ^200 p., cpoltT* 1 2 Ml^cflua, 6e8T> 

%-e npoMbiiDjeBHRFaM'b H 3a DpoueBTiii BRRTO Be AOBtpaerb. 
Baop., npOMuuijeBBRRR A- lyneBoM HHRaKRM^ RpeARTOBTb ae 

BflTk ci> HRoro 3a 100 p. Ra Q M'bcuim AC^iHTKy (10 pO^^o, no- 
sa oe'b 100 p. TO4bRo .TO n nujy^iRTb, HTO B3aJii> aa 

upott MaTepiajT> (p^ra R Konura) 

BT* BopoBeaiT*. Uai* M*CTHMXT CRyniMiiROB'b ecTb TOJibRo 
BeMHorie baAarb no OjnwattiflRM-b ropOAaMi. R cejaMi R 

pora R RamJTa B-b Re^HaiHieJbROJfb ROJiRqecTs-ft. IloKyna- 
H Ronura CRynn^RKaMR Ba BajTRSHbia ACBhrR-, MejKRMi. Rte- 

pa^Aaiotca noTosTb B-b RpcARTT*. KpynRbie 
noRynaiorb 6ojibinRiaR uapTiaMR, TaRwe Ra RaiRHBbta 
noTOMl pft3Aaiorb nsn pa6oTbi 
yare roTOBbia nyroBRabi. IlpR noRyoR* cbiparo Maxepiaja 

-' cifyniaRROBTi, Rii-b apRxoARTca 

npR KpcARt* Ba 1 irbcaui, Ra 100 TOJOBT* 6apaHbRXi> po- 
25 Ron., Ba 1 njrAt Ronbirb 10 R. CrpywRR, nojyqaenua npa py- 

nyroBna-b R ApirrH'^'fc npoueccaxi npoRSBOAerBa, RAyrb Ra 
Kpacty; ttpoAaiOTCR OR* 4050 R. aa nyA* (poroBbi* BtcT% 
KODbixBUMR). KocTcoiRR (cTepwcBb, no^ysacMtitt Ra-b cpoABRU pora) npo- 
Ra RocinRoil 3aBOA% B* r. EropbeBCR* no 20 K. aa 
cxepveRb BT> A^^O Re 




1099 

:,5^^ 



3 p. 2P Kpn, 3>> ny/jiTb, Hpii xoppipe^'b cqp(>Q* aa 
pi 1377-^78 rQ^ax-b) Ui*iJa ffft ^px-^ Ao;i^oAJ| 
200 inxyK-b KoqMTT> p^^aro pa^M-tpa.^a^paHfe^ j^prja lOQO rcj 

' '' 



rotOBUxi nyroBHU'b iipoH80/iiiTcii 

cejieuifl eapeaMi*; BTH Hie eBpen H AocTaBJiaioTii FOTOBUH * 
c-b pHcyBRaMH HJLH nyroBHU-b. IlpH xopomeM'h capodb na nyrq- ^ 
dTR cxyniMHRH npiii3HeaioTii cpaay no >H'!^BOJQ[bRo qejoB^bErb. Ociw- ' 

y Koro JiHoo Halt RpyaHbiX'b nyroBRRUKROB-b, OHH, aaRynHBi} 
y pa3Hbixi> npOMbtuiJeHBHROB^ nyxTHoe ROJiif4ecT9o TOBapa, oT^paBJIflK)T1> 
ro Bi MocRBy no FflaaBCROtt meA'baaoft Aoporb. PaacneTb npou3Bo;iHTaH .^ 
o5biRHOBeHao Ha HajiiHHua Aeabm Bi> Becbxa plb^KHxii :ciy^aa;x'b xpe- 



CTapaioTCff ocTaTbca AOJUKHMMH eBpeaMi*. 9TO 
jopaaoMi*: .npidbxaBi> aa TOUApoio ,H,,ocB:b;^9afa|)iu,]iCb o KO- 
era, uac'bJOii^eMca HaroioB'Jb, espeH o^URHOBeuHO 
H cool^paaHBii ROJ[f<iecTBO CA-j^yeifuxi) aa 

6jiH3UTeabBO. Bec>Ha nacTo cjynaoTcg, <ITO no 
Ki> ApyroMy upoMbiui^^BifURy qacTb nai^ oTo5paHHaro HMI* TOBapa 



BT 1877 H 1878 ro|axi. A6cfattiajii> npo- 
7na4HTejibHUfl BbiroAu n BTHM'h i^ecbMa MHOFO cnocob- 
ynaARy aeiueA^^^B- B'^ROTOpue AOupxoaaeBa sanycTiiJii CBOM 
uoROci>-, Apyne coBepmoHHQ aadpocHJH CBOH BSAl^jibi. O6pa- 

BeABTCfl XOlbRO rbMH ABOpaMH, B'b ROTOpblXlt eCTb 

Becnoco6flbie aaHBMaTbCfl uyroBHqBUH'b ^npOMUcaoii'b.^ He aiaayio 

nrpaiOTb jKeBiARBbi. Bi i^xi 
npoMbic40Mi>, TRaqec^BO oa. BpeMa 
coBepiueuHo.npeKpaiMaeTCA H TxanH ycepAPO 3fiH0MHV)TCfl 

. OBH HQ TP4X>RO ycn'I^Baiork o6pa6oTaTb CBOIO 
y coc'^Aeft a^vjio, Ho,AHn$ aaxoA^Tb BpqMS A^H o6pa6oKH 

. Bo BCHKOMI* cjiy^a^ H 

<iTO OTb aaHflTift aenABAl^Ai^M^ nejyqaeT'Cji-T-xoTA n iie6oj|bina 
ji6o EpynHbie npOMMi^^eiUitisy naxoABTb^ paacnerb BauHMaTb 
6oTiiH aeai^ii 4'bi^iiiix'h pftOuraaROJH* B HifprAa, npH BeAocTaxR' 
l>yrb, nja-^flxit uoAeHHOxAO.l pt SIP K.^Jocoaxax^b fia JpinaA9 uaBiu(La- 
nodbaxb) Ha KoaiilcKaxi xapiaxT.: api| BTpMi) co 
Aaexcii <iiUi 2 paaa a^ ji0H>^ Kopirk ^Ji 4ouiaAH 



177 



BccbHa Majin paaBRxa m ceieHinxit, aaHHMaK>ii^iixeii 
oyroBH<iBUirb npOMbicjoMit. 3xoMy caoco6cxByexi> oxcyxcxBie 
B6JHaH. OCyneaieirb Al^xeit, aaap. BI* A* HejoxoBoii, aaHHuaexcfl 

(B'bKOByuiRa), Roxopaa y*iHxi xojbRo 
nojiaraexca 1 p., aa MacoBHHRi> 2 p'. H aa ncaixepb 3 p. *. 
oGynatoxca BI> coc^AHefi AepeBB-b naHRpaxbeBCRott y 
DHcapa. .iHiub BccbMa HeMHorie, H xojibRo aa: 

oxAaioxi) CBonxi) A'^Teft ynnxbcfl, HaxoAHi HXO Hifb rpaMOxa Heo6xoAHMa 
noxoMy, 4XO cBCHKyio Beui^b no MCJOHH H xo aanucaxb ByjKHo, a xo RaRi> 
paxb H noaa6yAeuib. MeJiRie npOMbimjieHHHRH cawaioxi) aa pa6o'ry^CBO 
Hxi A'bTeit ci> BecbMa paHsaro Boapacxa, HuorAa ci 8 

He HM'faK)Xl> BOaMOKEOCXH yA'bJIHXb BpeMSHH J. 

RpynHbixi) npoMbimjieiiflHROB'b Ba^iHHaioxT) ucuis^oQSf'SG^^^^ff^^ Macxep* 
<5XBy, ywe BbiysHBuiHCb rpaMOX'b; BT. MacxepCRott OHH paCoxaiorS^ 
ypbiBRaMH, Bi) RpattHHXi> cjyHaaxi*, RorAa, Hanp., npeACxoHTb cn'SKlHftH 
pa6oxa H RXO JiH6o Hai* iiacxepOBi> KB aBMxcH. FjiaBHbiM'b x;e oGpaaoarb 

M. % 

OHH aaHHiiaioxcfl oxB^iUHoaHieM'b H BbiAaneio CBOHMI eaeiiabiM'b ba6ox 

' ^ 

HURaMi> H MeJiRHH'b npOMbioiJieHHHRaM'b HeoGxoAHMbix'b MaxepiajioBi>y 
npiinacoBi) H aaiiECLiBaHieM'b B'b KHHTH. 



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HpONSBOACTBO BOR^OKa H OdVBM N3^ UiepCTH. 

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axoxi> pacnaAaexcfl na ABa BHAa: 1) npoii3BOACXBo (Ba- 
o6yBii R3'b OBCHbett inepcxH, 2) npOH3BOAcxBO BofijoRa qacxiic 
OBe^ibefi, Hacxiio n3'b RopOBbett mepcxH. Toxi* HApyrott BHAI* npoxbi 
cja B'b MocROBCRofi ryOepHin Bcxp'bqaexcfl BI> o^opsfb oxxoaro n 
Haro ] 



04epKi> dy^erb RacaTbca npeHMyii;ecTBeHHO 

Bajflnie o5yBH, RaR'b M'bcTHbiA npOMbiccji>, 
BI> /AOBOJibHO mupoRHX'b pasM'j^pax'b Bi) FjiaaoBCRofi BOJOCTH, 
MoxraficRaro ytSAa, B'b cejieniflx'b: Fop-bTOB*, Cxapoft cjio6oA'b,TpOHU.1i, 
XOTHJOBOI&, H Ilepeii^ajiOBoft *). BoaHHRHOBeuie npOMbicjia B'b 

HOft Md^THOCTH OTHOCHTCfl Rl> 1820 FOAy, ROr^a MtCTHbitt 

KHfldb BojiROHCRiii, upHBesi) nBi> HHxcuHro-HoBropOAa Macxepa, 
luaro AByxii 6paTbeBi>, RpecTbHHi> A* TpoHUbi, HBana H PoAioua Eropo- 
Bbixi), BajiHHiio Hsi) uiepCTH npocTbixii AepeBBHCRHX'b uiJiani}; OTi) aTHXi> 
nocjiiAHHxit npoMucjii> cii TeqeHieMi> BpeafenH pacnpocTpaaiucH nocpeA- 
crBOMi> yqeHHHecTBa no BumeoseaHeHHbiM-b cejieuiaMi>. Co BpeMeHeMi> 
CTajn BbixoAHTb ii3i> ynoxpedjieHifl, GjaroAapa nexy 
: injiflDbi ycxynHJiH Mi^cTO BaJCHbiMi) canoraMi*. 

MoHcaiicRaro y%3Aa, Bajfleie o6yBH Bcrp'b'iaeTCH 

pa3M^paX'b B'b KinHCROBfb, Py3CROM'b, BoJIOROJaMCROBTb R 



3aBeAeHifl cyn^ecxByiOTb xojbRO B'b SBeHnropOACROMi) K 
'b, TA^ H3roxoBJiflK>xcfl, npeuMyu^ecxBeHHO H3'b RO* 
poBiett mepcxH, HU3Rie copxa BoftjiOROB'b, HAyiAHX'b na 
ea mxyRaxypHbifl pa5oxbi. nepBoe 3aBeAeHie 6bijo 

npe^a^e/ ^u^e npH Hiraepaxop^ IlaBjrb IlexpoBRH'b, BI> X. Cxe 
, nerj^o^ROft BOJOCXH, KjHRCRaro y43Aa. IlepBUVb 
Eropi K)AHHX, DOXOV^H Koroparo H AO cRX'b nopi> 

BajfloieM'b BoftjiORa. OxcioAa npoMbiceji* OUJTA saneceo^ R 



,--,--* 



% 1880 

M eeCoft Tt4LlI^'k ')& icouai oieput. 

I . 

.:rt-^-^ '"'-:- ---;/- .-''.,,.. ' : . 

' ^- '-:":: ^. . ^ -- \ ^ '' . 



182 

3BeHHropoACBitt j^^jcb, ]n>x**IonoTOBo. STO npoHaonuo 
A. JlonoTOBofi naxoAHTCfl xoproBoe H nponuniJieHHoe cejio 
BepeHA^eaa, Bi) Koxopofi HacTapn cyn^ecTByiorb KoxeBeHHue 
mepCTL, nojytiaeiiafl ci> Roacb ea STHZ'b aaBOAazit, HAerb na Bajuc 
jiOKa; 8Ty mepcxb CRynajiR RjiHHCRie npOHSBOAHTejH, npi-bajR 
Ha pbiHORi>. Ob TenenieM'b BpeMCHH JlonoTOBCRie RpecTbaee, 

MH BajflJibHaro npoMbicjia, caMH ycBOH;iH ero H CTaxH 
xoAHBinuMCfl aoAi> j>yK{^Mii cbipun !> 

ero BI> BoiijiORH. Tenepb RjHRCRie npoHdaoARTejin paOoxaiorb 
BofijioRa dojlse neaRie, q'&Mi> jionoxoBCRie. JlyquiHafH roAaMH 

dujiH nepioAU CT* 1860 no 1865 r. H CT* 1870 no 1875 r. 
Boo6ii;e Ba XOAI* Bofajo^earo TOBapa HM'Bex-b 6ojibmoe 

CXBO HOBbIXT, nOCXpOeRT,.-^^^ r-' \: ^^'^''^^^Wi ^-1.>.U 
,Al i ^ ..... ' ' ' . ' 

Hxo TKC Racaeica AO canoroBajiOBT>, xo y HHXT> JiyiuiHMH 
Mil c<iHxaH)xcH roAu BoftHhi, RorAa j^Jia. BoftcRa xt>e6yeTC4 T^iu 

* I rr.'i !><'/'' If liH '*>i' ' 

BT> 



y mepcxoBaj[OBi> 

xepCEifl, EaxoAiiii;iflCfl odbiRHOBCHHO caa 3aABopKax'b. MacxepcRia 
K)xi> Bi> OojibniHHCXB'b cjiyHaeBi> 7 apinuH-b AJiHHbi H 7 miipHHbi. Vcxpoft' 
CXBO Hxi) cjitAyioiMee: BI* AByxi) npoxuBonojoxcebix'b cx'Jbnax'b naxoAHx- 
cfl no oAHOMy ORBy, neib ycxpoena Ha cxoaRaxi>, ua Vt apinHna oxi 
nojia; nenb axa XOUHXCH no nepeoMy. Tonra o6biRBOBCHBo npOH3BOAHT- 
CH C'b Benepa ea Ho<ib n MacxepCRaa, BI* BUAaxi) cOepeaceHia xenjia, aa ( 
nHpaexca, KaR-b XOJII.RO B'b neiH nporopaxi> ApOBa. Ki* yrjam 
iHHBaioxca ptuiexRH, na Roxopbixit cxpynoio nepe5RBaioxi> luepcxb; 
cx^Hi) pacnoJoweHbi mnpoRia jaBRH. TaRaa MacxepCRaa 
a noBXOMy paf'oxa npoH3BOAHxca A^tiRe AHearb- C'b oraeifb. 
Hbixi oxBepcxitt He ycxpaHBaexca, uoxoMy qxo CB^bxitt npHxoE-b 
xa Moacexii noBH3HXb xennepaxypy H paaBocHXb no nacxepcxott 

Ri> pa6ox^) a noaxoMy xeiinepaxypa BI> 
; xoxa Ha pa^oxaion^Hxi xaRaa xeainepaxypa 
HO A^H caMoit pa6oxbi ona cHHxaexca Heo^xoAHMon: 

nacxepcioft, xlbMi jier^ie H CRop'be Bajaerca Boftjorb. 

*^ '^ . 

HHCxpyiieBXbi, ynoxpe^JneHue mepcxoBajiaMH, cxlAynii 
CO cxpyHofl, ptiuexca, Rarorb H ^oeicb. Bet BXR HHCxpyMeHTu 
TaK)xca caMHMH opouaBOAHxejiaiiii, BCRjii04aa CTpyn-b, loropua 
naioxca TOXOBHMH 



Tl T. OOopNiM, erf. It?. Bk nMik owpvt Mi crpfMcm H(ijg>o6Ho OHMOMIII. 



mepc 
mepcTb oGuRHOBeHBO npio6p'bTae 



^ 



xopOBbfl H 



y npacojOBii, 



H CKynaiornHx-b ee y 



no 

xHTejeft. Hib- 
IBBOF- 



oqeHb xaieRO, 



aa 1500 Be 

<n 

npoitfcimjeaB 
mepcTH 

jiy<iniad CTOHTI> 25 xon. 
ca mepcTb no 20 K. 8a yBTb. 
Ha pbiBRarb, BO 

KpecTbaBik, ROToiae 



rb H dojite (BI* 
io TOBapu H, 



B3i 

irb mepCTb yxte pa3o6paHHyio no 
CMOTpji no ^iHCtOTJb n AJHHBOT'b; 
; o6biKHOB6HBo ne ynoTpe<$JifleT- 
na-b nonynBoit mepcxH BajiaeTCE 
TOFO Bia^repcRia HcnojiBflioTb aa- 
cero npRHOCHTii CBOIO mepcxb 



nepepa6oTRH. B-b BToifb cjiia^ aaRaaHBRi* njaxHTb MacTepy ycjio- 
TOJbRO aa pa6o;ry. f(jLa. pa^OTbi ne BottjtoRa mepCTb no- 
Rynaexca npOHaBOAHTejaMH B^ RoxeBeBHbix'b aaBOAax-b, rA'b OHH njia- 
10 11 Ron. CO niRypbi/niepCTb era cbipaa H nepeMlJuiaBa cii ea- 
TaRT> RaRi> AJifl OTA^eBia Bojocrb OTb MeaApbi Rou nocj'bAHifl 
nsBecTROBuftypacTBOp'b. Tanaa mepcxb npOMbiBaexca yxte 
6ojibniBxi KOpMOBiaxi> RopaHBaxi>, nocji'b nero OBa cyinHTca H 

To6bi ne 6bijio ROMROBI). Kpoafb KoeBeBBbixi> 
niepcxnaiyn^Tca en^e BT> MocKB-b, TA* OBa npoAaexca yxe 
coBc:bMi> roT(moT. e. oepeMbiTOK), paan^unjeBBOio H cyxoio; u'bBa xa- 

90 RO/ aa nyA'b. , , , 

" ' ' * 



H paan:(BnaBBaa mepCTb^nepebBBaexca cxpyBOio na 

ee pacRJiaAbiBaK)xi> narXfbBCxJb cjioeMi> HaBtcxBoft A-iHBbi u 

bl, CMaHHBaiOXlt H E&K&I^>H[^Tb Ba A^peBaHBblfi RaxORl>^ XaRBXl> 

Ba oAHBi* RaxoRV-^HKifaxbiBaexca HHorAa ^ 3 H A&^RC AO 7 (aieji. 
9XO BaabiB^^exca aaKaim^ Roxopbift aax'bM'b Macxepi* Raxaexi* 
.^^pcxb oxi> xaRoro RaxaBba CBajinBaexca H o6paayex- 
ca BoftjORi>. CBajieBBbift BoftjioRi* CRjiaAUBaexca H ocxaexca A-xa cymRH 
MacxepcRoft, TA* OB'b BaxoAHxca OROJIO BeA'bJiH, npn leMi* cxaBOBBxca 
B aaRaBHBBaexca nponaBOACXBO. HaroxoBJieBie o6yBB BI 
nepxaxi BH I*MT> Be oxinnaexca OXT> 



OBenbeft mep- 
mepcxH 



pa6oxaioxi> ci'bAyion^ie copxa xoBapoBi>: 
cxH canorH MyvcRie H seBCRie H 6oxHBRB-, Hai> RopoBbett H 
KCRjiiOHHxejibBO BotfjORi} ABepBott H mxyRaxypBufti 

' ^ . f , 

jaexca aa noiyxopBbitt H MexeyMORi*. IIpoAaxBaa i^tna BofljoRa 
Haro 6Vt nyAOBi BO 100 Boti|ORaxi 20 p. aa COXBK), 5Vt 
coxB'b 15 p.; noiyxopBaro 3 nyAa BT coxBib 10 p. aa COXBIO: 
iVt nyA* BT coxB* 4 p.^ mxyRaxypBaro ,3 p. M COXHD; 

m*i T\ OO ^/\WV\ 

^ / P* vtt CUiltll/* e^ 

i K:i*4>ttMa^4'4*?(liii'fM^oH 



BT. 









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npHAomeHHoft B-b RoaDCb onepira Ta6jHma BHAHO, MTO 

eAHHHUi> (MacTepCRHX'b) nacHHTUBaercH 166, bi^ ROTQ- 
paOoiaiorb 207 <iej[OB'b^i> ceMeJtcRHX-b H 163 HaeMHuxik. Pacope^ 
pH6oTaioii;Hxi> no pOAy npoH3BOACTBay MU BHAHicb, HTO Bi> 
npHxoAHTCfl Ha KaJKAyio npoxhimieHHyio eAHHui^y 
pa5o4Hxi> H TOJbKO 0,6 HacMBbixi*; y BoftjioqHHROB' 
<;Rie pa6oHie cocTaBjaforb TOJibRo 1,,, HaeMHbie iKe 1,,. Kau'b 

H Taitf> M 3A'bCb apOH9BOACTBO BCAeXCfl B'b MejROJl H npH TOITb 



pa6o<iie QOJiyqaiOTi> ntajioBaHbe y canoroBajiOB'b sa 

npoMbicioM'b (aa nerbipe ifbcaaa) orb 25 p. AO 30 
maximum AOXOAHI-I> AO 46 p. BnpoqeKTb xaRyio cpaBHHTeJibHO 
DJiaxy nojiyqaerb tojibKo oAHHit MacTepi>^ OTJiHHatoiuiftcfl 
HCKyccTBOii'b, npHJejEaHieMi} u 6biCTpOTOK> B'b paCoT'b. 

COCTOHTb K^ TOMTj, HTO(5bI C^b yM'bHbeM'b JKlCDOJIOraTb IflCpCTb C 

' BHAHbitt canon., H ynoTpeSnTi. RaK-b MOTKBO MeHbine Maxepiajia. 

Hce RacaeTCfl Ab BottjoqEHKooT*, TO y HHx-b aftMT> paCo'inxi^'' 
6ojbuiHHCTB'b cjiynaeB'b wdotfo'4. [IjiaTa paOoneMy BT* roA'b '"^O 60 p.'^ 
Ha xt>3flftcKMx'b xapqax'b. YHeHHRy BT> 1-ti roA'b njaTHTca 10 12 p., BO 
2-ft 15 20 p. Macteposn> c^iHTaeTcaxTorb, KTO yM'fe.io'MOKeTi' paajio-^ 
Ha nojroTHt mepcTb, RaaBaMeHHyio AJIH iajiRH. O6yHHtbcn Macxep-'* 
Becbua He xpyAHo; B'b AB* 3HMbi yqeHHRT> A^JiaeTcn A^BOJibBO HC- 
Macrepoarb, Moryii^uiTb npjyHaTb Boaaarpa/KAeHie ea paBH^ 
CO ctapuaiH pa^OMHMH/^" s^^\^^^<^\^m^r^^rv^nn^.' r^f^iVvlfH 

-T^^yii-i''' " , '>J;.:i!^lT/*^ t rt-j-f,T ,n_ . ;; .'jt;. ^ iKi 

He CMOTpa Ha onpeA'bieHHyK) njiary, paOoneMy orb xo3flHHa noja- 
raexca HMenao ypoR'b, no 5 3aRaTOB'b B'b Aenb; 3a 

Barb MacTepy njiaTHXca no 5 Kon. oco6o. 
i ' ^ ' R!nji*r'>v 

f PaooHiii rpAi* y cadorpBaaoBi* HanuHaexcH ci ORTaOpa a 

HtKOTOpbie 5oj'&e 3a]i;HxoHHbie 

paCoxy Aa^f. AO CBaxofl, HO B'b axoM'b nocjitAHeM'b cjy- 
3aroxoBjieHHbie canoirH npHxoAHxcji Rjacxb BI> danac'b H cGbiBaxb. 
B'b cjitAyioiAift 3HMBift ceioH'b, KorAa CHOBa HBHxca Ha HHX'b ciipoc'b. 
J' PaCoxa y BoAioHHuvOBb jipOHsaoAHxca Rpyrjbift roA^. PaGosiM 
y nepBbix'b paBuaexcH 15 nacaifb, y Bxopbixi> we 3HaiHxeibHO 
a HMeHRo: paOoxa na^MRaexcfl c-bH <iacoBT> HO^IR M npOAOjrataerca 
3 H. yxpa^ 3axtM'b H^ aajj* Iff fOn OTAUXT. AO 7 H. ; c* 7 AO 9 dnaTb pti6&- 
JJ A0 12 q. otAun>^e%l7|lo 5 . ofliTb pa6oTa,cxbAOBaTeJii>po selbxi^ 



o|LlO<iHIRO AMJilOTCa MeollfxOMMWMH Bl BHAy TOrO, 



Vb 

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Tarb KaKi) A^H npomaDxcTBa riaBHum o^paBom TpeCyerca 

evxa, TO noeTOvy yqeHHRH Oepyrca ee Mojove 16-^18 
naro Boopaera. av^o;.- . 

IIocMOTpnirb, HacROibRo Bejinirb RauHTaJTb, xairb 
H oGopoTBbift, y mepCTOBajiOB'ti. a** **,ii 

yCXpofiCTBO MaCTepCKOtt CT> neHROtt o6!LOAHTCfl B-b ."^ ,. / 100 p. 

HBcrpyMeuTbi on^'bRHBaiOTca Bi) ........ 10 p. * 

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oceOBHofi RanFxajTb AOJUKenit 6bixb ne Meelbe 11(> 
py6. dxo .npH oAHCYMi* paOpxaioii^QMii, eo Bunie GbiJio cRaaaHO, HXO Hd 
MacxepcRyio npExoAH^Cfl, Bii cpeAHHBfb, no 2.,, pa6oxHHRa 
Hero aaxpaxbi na HacxpyMeiixi> AOJiiKHbi 5bixb H-bcROjbRO Bbime. 

4xo e RacacTCfl-AO o6opoxHaro RanHxaJia, TO uHopa ero 6yAexi 

r;[aBHi>iiiii> oopaaoM'b B-b U'^HBOCXH uiepcxH. f(jifi 
ROBi> ueH'be 10 oyAOBi* aa paaii noKyoaxb ee BbiroAHo; HaH(5oji':be 
ineBan uiepcxb oOxoAHxca BI 1 p. 20 R. aa nyA'b, cj'bAOBaxeJibBO mini- 
mum o6opoxHaro RanHxajia y BotijOHBHROBi* 6yAexi> paBHflXbCH 12 p*>,>i- 

^^ f(jLfi HeA^Jibsaro nponaBOAcxBa OABOMy canoroBajiy xpe6yexca 
1 nyAi* 10 yH., no 20 R. 3a yH., cjl^AOBaxejibBO ea 10 p. 

3apA6oXORT npOHOBOAHXeJIH. H3B*CXHO, HXO 

BT> npOAOJtiireBie BeA'^Jni MOJK6XT> npHroxoBHXb 60 
no 20 Rou.^ cjn'bAOBaxejiLHo na 12 py6. 
^ CaitfOMy iipoH3BOAHxejiK) o3HaHeHHoe ROJin^iiecTBO 

4Va nyAa mepcxH no 1 p. 20 R. 3a nyAi*. 5 p. 40R. 
H coAepTKaHJe Macx6pa> ?. 



.riiH . 

Bcero. . 9 p. 55 R. 

,. ...i ''iOJi V" ' '" "' ^ ' '^ 



orb' OAHOI^O padoMaro xo3HHin> nojynaexTj 

2 p. 45 R. B-b HeA*JK)..^j.^^ ^j.^ OHWiLlffMHIOJi llOJdo,. i.'UM , tUiM, M.;.^. .-/.-'', 

^ CanoroBaji'b-xo3flHH'b noiyiaerb n^CKOibRo oojrte. .H3ApwKH npo- 



. ^ . 

1 n. 10 . mepcxH no 20 K. 3a yHxi>. . . 10 p. 



H coAepaauie pa(5oiaro ^t^ 
ie MacxepCRol^ H npOBoa-b TOBapa. 2 * :uj.'. 



p. ' 

,rrri *Mt.'IVUa B'iTMJ.rtBV'HOHn fiT(>5iJ rf JloUHlJlMK.nH:! ^ 

pAHTb 10 napik na 1 p. 90 i^. aa napy 19 p.^ CJrfcAOBax 
ocTaexcg BT> nojbay xoasHHa 4 p. orb RaiKAaro 



KOUUC 



rbn THAHnfeibHte BurOAUt, ^vb Rarti 

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eaxoAflTCH B'bcROJbRo Bii HHO|ii> nojioKeHiu: TOJILRO nocjfbAnee 



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f * ^^ , ' . ' 

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nocpeAHHRAMH MeacAy HHMH n MOCROBCRHMH 
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niepCToqecajibHbix'b MamHEi*, CTOion^ffxi) OKOJO 150 pyCjieft,^^ 
a npHHyjRAeBbi njiaxHTb CBOHMI* 6oji'be cocToaTeJibHbiMi> coc'bA^v'b no 
80 i\on. CT> nyAa. il3i> 43 H35'b. B'b Roxopbixii BeAexca npOMbice<rb. TOJUbRO v. 
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TojbRo BiaA'bJibuu dTHxii ManiHRi} H nojyHaK)Ti> xopomie 3apa5oT-! 

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orb Hero xap^iR H ycJiOBjieRHyio njaxy. TaRie oTXOxie 



BRAHO 

3aHaTieM'b; y canoroBaJovh oR'b BeA^TCR TOjbRO vb 3HMHie 
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^ BoitjiOHRHROB'K pa6oTa u(n>ti3BaARTci Rpyrjibifi roAi>, 
pa6oTaioii;ip. B^* MaerepcVHX'b 

AOMa ace DC aoji^ii^ ptiUTA 
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npOAOJixaexcfl orb 4 AO 6 M'bcai^eB'b; BT* npOAOjixeHie axoro 
padoxaioiuift.iiaroTOBJiae'rb on* 14Q AO 200 napi>, Ha 
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BaarA^^ro padonaro no 300 py6., TO j^Jin 210 qejiOB-hR-b cynMa 

IIpOH3BOACTBa BbIpa3HTCfl B'b i;H<l>p'b 163000 p. , ^/^ ,4 i 

'I Bofij[ofiHHHRi> B'b npOAOJixcHie HeA'b'in cRaxaeTb 60 

"COXHH ROXOpblX'b CXOHXT> 20 py6., CJllJAOBaxeJIbHO BT> HCA'feJIH) Ha 12 p.' 

nojiaraa B'b roAy 40 pa6oHHX'b HeA^JJit, nojiy^Hxca, HXO RaxAbifi paSomft 
B'b roA'b npnroxoBHX'b Ha 480 py6., a BClj 162 BoiijioiHHRa Ha 77760 p. 
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cyii;ecxByexT> BT. ryCepHin B'b caofbixi) orpa 
pa3M'bpax'b. /lexxapHHRH Bcxp-feqaioxca no npeHMymecxBy 

TOJbRO B'b KjinHCROMlt y^BA^, TAt HXl) BO BpgMA H3CJl'&AOBaBift 6bIJO 

13 qejiOBlbKi>. r<'n... hi 

neHn;BKOBT> paajHHaioxcH wtd^'A9^& t* padoHie; Raa- 
CBOHMHpa6oHBsni'cocxaBJaexi oco6yK) apmeAb^ 

Jlpn 6jiHsafiuieMi> o3HaROMjeBiH c-b A'^JOM'b oRa3biBaexca, qxo apxejb- 
Boe Hanajio A^JieRO Be BnojH'b npniitHaexca y nenu^nROB-b: xaRi*, 
BBAHMT,, 4X0 noApflA^iHrh 3Atci. OTb ce6fl, X. e. Ba cBott PHCRI, 
Maexit HJB, KaRT roBopJixT>, Ha6BpaexT> paCo^Brb, nojyqaa caMi. 

DOApaAHBmaroeio, j^iMfcn^ ujaxy tc-f. Ky6nEa, CBOBMII 
Aaexi) nop^,ue)4Hyio njaxy, a KMefliio: cnwT. oa-b 3a Ry6Hrb 
0- 10 p., pa5o4eiiy nja/HTb Sl p. BI BeAtaw. Pafioxu neB- 

BJR Btpa*e CKaaHXb xoibRO BCCBOIO 

occHbto, T. . c-b ^MUttoit (?) BAl:iR B4B CT* eiBBro HBKDJIU (9 





20T 



II xo netpona T^t, aarttl*^ oeellftio--i VcneBic j(6 
po!KBl>. Ha novocBoe fipem neai^HKB npKzoxti^ AOMoi, fj^ H ocra- 



Ha paGotiift ff^Bb neHutHROB'b cvasaTb AOBOIBRO 
Atipo*ieirb, ecjin npHHarb BO BRHiraBie jtojrory AB> BI> BeceHiritt H oc6H- 
epioAu pa6oTb H TO, iT(i nevn^HRH paGoraiorb eMceffReBHo ci paB> 
yTpa Ao ndaxHEro Be^iepa da BiiiieTovi> ToitRo XByx'b <iacoBi>, no* 
Ba OTABirb, TO MOKBO npnSHaTB, HTO eeumiH ACHb y BRX^ 
16 pa6oiHM'b Hacasfb, oceBRift GyAerb BtcROJbvo Kopo<ie. 
aa caoft tpyA'b no 34 p. BT HCAI^JIK) n paOoTaa 68 
H laRoe ROJiH^iecTBo ReA'bJb oceRbio, neun^RR^ orb cBoero 
eiEeroj^o noJiyiaeTi> 40 50 p. npn xoaaftcRoarb coAepiRaRiH. 



' 



coxpaRHeTb aa coCoio pojb npeAnpRRHMRTeJiff BI> 
cpflAy. OGuRlioBeRRO CbiBaerb xaR-b, HTO 

npocTUM-b pa6o*iHMii BT> cj'bAyiomeM'b roAy 
o6opOTT.. CiynaeTca nRorAa H TaRT>, HTO HHOMy Be yAaexca npo 
noApHAHRROU'b R oARoro j'fexa; He A^pOMi) caHH nemi^RRn HaxoAflTb, HTO- 
6biTb y Huxi) noApHA^RROM'b jc^^io oneRb pHCRoeaRHoe: <BaAO CbicRaxv 
M'bcTO, ro^oparb ORB, aax'bBrb HaOpaxb apxejib H yrjiaA'bTb aa 

VTb ^TO He TaRT npouajio Bce!> ;^^ '" :*v ^^-v '"v . : -'^/' 

. . "'" ''' ' ' . - ' - ' < 

ApxejR y neRmRROB'b cocxoaxT> na-b 10 20 nejoBtR-b, cMoxpa no^ 
n no cocxoaxejibHocxR noApaAHHRa, ^oxopbifi CBOHMI* pa6o4HM'b npa 

AOJ;KeHT> A^Tb R-bKoxopyK) cyMaiy ACRerb B^ aaAaxoRi. B'b 
cxapaioxca Ra6Rpaxb no npenMyn^ecxBy oAROceJibueBi>, Roxopue 
BHtcx'b noAUMaioxca na'b^jL^peBRH H xo4RO xaRsre Bulbcxli 
ca AOMoft. CjyHaexca, HXO iiHott paaT> noApaA^HRy na Micxt pa6oxi> 
6biBaexi> npRHaRaxb cjMuiHaro qeJOB'Ra, RorAa npeACxoHxi*. 
padoxa, lun RorAa Ha6paRRaa HMi) apxejb HibcKOJibRo uo pas- 
txpOHXca, B'b xaROMi) cjyqa* OH'b npHRHMaexi> nodcmattn^xb. UoACxaB- 
IfUMH RaabiBaioxea x'b neRu^RKH paGo^ie, Roxopbie nacxo nepexo;(ax%. 
oxii oARoro xodanna Rjt ApyroMy. TaRRMH pa(5o*inMR 
AliJo, ROFAa ORO aaxaRexca AO BpeMeRn nocjilb IlexpOBa 
cxapHROBii cpeAH neBn^RROBi) pa6o4RX'b R^XI>, xaR^b RaRi> 

xpe6yexT> OXT> paSonaro Cojibmyro RaRiecRyK) CHjy, noaxoMy H 

BT> apxeJb npRRaxT BOapacxT OXT> 16 
pa5oHHMi> ReA'bJi'Haa njaxa oxi> 1 1V| p. npR 

. L-' ' ' - -' ^-- - .^ .f ;..._ 

"' ' 



^;r: IlpH RopqeBaHiH noefi pa6oinxR ynoxpe5jiaexca 
Tonopbi, aacxyou, JOMU, RO rjaBRaa pa6oxa Bunojiiaexca 

eaioMU. BbiROp^eBaRRbiit ncRb, HJH RaRi) roBOparb pa6oHie, 

CRaiaaa pacojacxuBaexca na 45 qacxett CT* RopeRbaMR, aa- 
axH nacTu, HaauBaeMbia JM^AXO/O nen^io^ paccajbiBaioxca 
npa Hex> Kopoii o^uRHOBeuRO oxpyOaioxca. . , 



aerp 



pa(k)T> C4yiae;r(^ 



iipi|3a 



, a 



ee H cQoc'bM'b ne 
roDOparb, 
Pacierb 



3a 



50 



ji'bcoupoxuiiij[eHHHR> 



aa 



;|ip .6 p. 
po. 9 p. 



K. nojiynaerb orb 
' '^'6 KpecTbaaax'b MocROBcRaro y^ 



Oapbipia 1 p. 75 K,. 



MH,HJH 



K'b RaTeropin jcoupoubiuiJieHHiiKOB'b 

<Cfl coAepHfaxeJiflMu ApOBSHux'b cKjiaAOB-b B'b MOCRB:&, HTO H;e 
1893 qcjuoBtK-b^ aanHcaHBbix'b BoaiuHKaHH ApOBi) H ji^ca, T;O 
6oJbaiHncTBO H3i> HHXI> BpeaieHHO A^jiaiOTCfl j'bcoupOM 

TOprODI^ailM JlbCOM>,!(DOBaMH;TO4Hp OapeA^JD'^b VilCJIO 

BeBoaHOWBO, Bb BHAJ Toro oCcTOUTCJibCTBa, ^TO Huoft paa'b, 
yHce Bb Ji1^ci>, HJiM p^ii^y, canrb KpecTbaHHBi He auaerb xopoiqo Ky- 
oHi> ApoB^ HJIH eaiv npHAerca BecTH HXb no BaitMy. nojiy- 
Haioii;Rxca BTHMrt npOMbiuueBBkKaMH aapaCoTRaxi) 6yAeTb cRaaaBo 
CRameM'b H o ToproBuaxi^ ApoaaMiiH JI%COMI> 
aBOanropOACRHX'bRpecTbaBii.KpoM'b 
BaxoAaTca eiAeBi>HojioROjiatMCROMi>y'baAli, 

B'b A. A> MnpROBli^ MaTIOUlHIIB']^, RpeCTbaBC ICOTOpblXl) 

fiafOTi cKJiaA^HBoit A^aiuitia Bb EaaeBHbix'b jitcaxi). UliHa aa 
Hy 500 700 p., paaM'bp'b uaa 25 ifto p. KynjicHHbiii Bn naaxi> 
RpccTbaHc A'bJiaT'b MeTh'Ay coGioio ROpaauH, 3aTi)Ui> nnjiarb H3'b aero 
n apOAaiOTb TOBapT> no jiHaiaM'b Keji'feaBbix'b Aoporb H 
'b. Pac^ierb yuuxii nojynaeTca OABopoAHuft c'b Tl}Mi>, RaRoft npHBe- 
Bbiuip. 3aT']^Mi ocraiOTca eiiie jiliconpoHbiniJieBBHRH naii Rp'ecTbaBi>, 
no OAHaoMR'b BI* paaBbiX'b BOJiocTaxi>, paaBbixii ybaAOBi* 
in; B'b BbimenpUBeJtekByK) T^^jiHuy VaKOBbie ae BomiH Ba TOMI 
ocBOBaaiu, MTO JIIOAB STR naxoAaTca aa jiHBiH xynuoB'b; OBH cyxb 

ttaOaTHHKB, HJIH TpaKTHpU^RRD, HIH AOBOJbRO RpyUBEde MtCTHblC 

ctt, T. e. MCJiRie 4>a6pHRaETU. O^URaoBeBHC OBH noRynaforb Be6oib- 
iftie ynacTRH j'bcoB'ti, npoAaBaeBibixi Tbvb HJIH ApyntMi> 



/ 



, ci* ROTOpUMH ee 

iiocxoBam% 



RotiRTppftpoiiaTb MacxepKH. 
BUXl>^tiiBaioxi> 



, 4TO 



ncefAi 




-v-~ r 



oarilMfft 
tt A)rie iliM>M0Mtf do 






nMtmty 

6epexca 3a ii3B03'b. ^ja npoB3BOACxBa 
o6pa3y|px;^ fi3i> ceOa paQonia napu, Roxopua BHOfAa 

'T'^^ mft (*PIIM>ii(*RMT'K MWrQ.IIII'K HIinrilA. nAfk ^TnffTlMVT. MPnCltV 



vt jiQBROOTH oAHOcejLbneB'b, B pAKO na-b RpecTfRflBit pa3J[ii<iHiiixi> ce- 
.jiaift..IlHorAa napy nHJiBmnROB'b coeTaBJiffiOTi^ MyiRi> n 

Hee cjiyqaexcfl, RaRi> npn AOBOJIBHO 6ojibuiHX'b ceMbaxi). TaRi H npn . 

rr 1 '''.'/' / ,1 r /''''' . ' I ^ 1 1 * I ^ I I 1 ' ' I I 

'HO^eR'b. OdblKHOBellHO lireHIIlHBbl 'daHHMaiOTCii' IIHJIRoft TOJIbKO 

. /.I" ' ' . di!. ,* . ,.; : ' ' -.- . ... 1 -j 1 . ' 

u QceHbK). 311^011 nee OHH HJH npaAyTi> HJIH B03aTi> (H3'b npOB03a> 

^ ;; .;'..-..^" .^. ,.,:;...,;; ,-. r/ .rf. :.., . . ' rr^ 

lQjibii^^HRH npjyHaK)Ti> DjraTy 3a TpyAit^np^QasccHHO. I^'bHa 3a noj- 
BY caHieuu obiBaerb pa3JHMHa. CHOTpa noTQHy, Tfcb H KaRoft Ji'bc'b nyx- 

."'. r. 1-.^. ';:,.' 'if; . / ': ', * > . . .' . .'.'i'' .< i. 

9 ^CBOAHTb, Ua CKOJbRO OH1> MaCTb HJII p-^AORl). BCG 8TO OpaMO BJliaeTT 

Ha ycntniHocTb pa6oTi> nHjibii^HKOB-b. Bi> nocji*AHie xpn qetupe roia 
isa caaieHb iuiBupEa nHJibii;HRaM'b njiaTHJOCb orb 45 R. ;i^b J90 R., 3a cai- 
aieHb naTHHeTBepTHbix'b OTT> 60 K AO 1 p. 10 R., 3a caxenb yrojibBbi.\i 
Tb 70 R. AO 1 p. 20 R. KaRie npn etki* ixteaxi) na TpyA'b 



jmcb nnJibmiiRaMH 3apa6oTRH BHAHO H3'b cji'bA7K)n^aro: xopouiaa 



napa nji'Obii^HROB'b orb Ilacxn AP Hexposa AHa cxaBBrb AO 100 ca. 

- . . /:*. ^ ;. ' ' . - 

; ecjH nojioxcBXb 3a caarenb Ba Rpyr'b no 70 R., xo.Kaft" 

j^fiift oBJibuiilRit 3a nb^xB xpexM'bcnHHbift nepioA'b pa6orb nojiyqaerb AO 

' . , , ' . I ' ' i . . ' ' ' ' i '' 

B'b xeHenie OABOto pa6o4ato ABS MyKCRaa napa MOCROBCRRZI* 

' ! I '':-'(.>! , . 1 , , Si I 

cxaBHrb orb IV. AO 2 ca^ReBi*. oapaooxRH niubiiiiiROB^ 

... : _ * . H .' * . .. ' ' .!. 

5bi cpaBBHxeJbHo oneHb BbicQRB, ecjiB Obi xojbRo xp3aeBa. T..e. 

..?* ., . ... ' '. ' . , u ; -a't/il. ,(.; 

ji'bca, pacnjaMHBajincb c'b pa^o^Bif^, RaRi> c^^Ayerb, T. e. 
. Ho. Raj^ ^PB*CXHO, BT* A*flcxBBxejbHocxH Bxoro Be 

C'b Bti^'b Cepexca 3a Bce XHRI ^oporo, ^4x^ no- 
C'b ROHnaMB CBok) xap^eByK) nacxb. 06biR!fOBeBBO 

* ' It*'' ' ' I' . . ' 

jiH6o .xoproBueMi), B?'b CjBJR^Bniaro 
cejieBia. Hxo6bi iioacHO Obuo cyABXb o xoM'b, Rasie opn 
YCJiOBiax'b BbiAaioxci BBorA^ paOo^Hii'b xapsB, npM- 

9 ^ _ ' , . T. > ' 

OABBi) oaRrb, cjiyqnBniifica BT> OABott BB'b M*cxBOCTell Cep- 
y'^3Aa, H'bcROJbRo Jtrb Ba3aA'b. OABOMy pafloiciiy nopyie- 
6biJ[o orb xo3flHBa xoproBi^a nep^6paxb BI> napy coJoaHBy, opctii,- 

>OHifi; KOBHBB'b CBOe A'^Of 

b Vb 6dB10 H pa3A'bXblft BOUie^li Vb CBOBM-b XOBapBU^aiTb, MUB 

;ry;j^it ..4^ ,>ii4i^VT^ ' i/'' . <''^''.- 






TO II 

^pOHOBCROtt 

BA T^yAi* V Ba xjjMSi> Bi 1876 H 1877 jf^ 



r. > - ' 6<> ^ (>'> 

' '-1979 ri ik ^biut$ol njjirittcMfUi .Qoj(MMki) Tf K^ B% pomt ot% 



BaTBo, Raii'b MJEijo AOJ^Hbi 6iiiiH noJiy^^aTb aa CBoM TpyA'B nuB^ 
nocjtAHCM'b ciynai, T. i.'Bi' 187^ roAy. 

TBO nHabUinROBl* H3'b RpeCTbaBl* MoCROBCROft 

t ' ' 't ' 111 l' jM*''* 

TOJbRO C'b MapTa no liOBb. SaTVM'b ABa tpll 

, I ' f . I ' ' 

3L'^6oB'b^ oceBbK). Pa6o4iit roA'b nxi) paBBaeTca HBorAa 20,^ 

' ' ^ , i' ' f * t j ' ( . t ' ( i ' . r ' i ( 

aapa^HTUBaTb orii .^0^*^ 70 p. Ha ^BJOB'bRa. cmiTaa BI> 
H cBoe C^AepwaBie; *^ [' 

K) MfioroHHCJieRByK) rpyniiv Ji^bcBbixi n^pOMunueHBHROBi* co- 

I *''' f 1 



CTaBJlfllOTb BOdlUHRH ApOB'b, yrjfl H Dp. Bl* 3UMHee BpeMtf Rl> H3BO3J 

o6paii;aK>TCff H B^ROTOpue HSI* T%ii>,'it6Topbie <iRCJiflTCfl Bbime Bi ROTO* 



ropin ilHJibii^HEOB'b. KA^ MocBOBCRifx'b RpecTbaBi) H3H03Bbitt 

'b .o($a 



($pa3oaf'b TO 
Mi!T*>cfl canoMy H npoROptfHTb. cToamyk) Ha ABopt 5e3i> 

nojyMaiorb '^oijibRO T* AOMoxb3aeBa^ y ROTOpux'b Bi) 3B63l^ xo- 
no H'bcRbjbRy JiomaAett, MMeBuo no AB%, no TpH. H'^ROTopoe 
atord tipeActaBiaiorb TOJbRO noAMOCROBUbie RpecTbane, 
3aHi!Maioii;iecd xoprokaett ' '' ' * ' 





- 

^4 'ifrj ' , , II r., Tuii'i ' '-';'' -T" f! > 1^ r.Tif'ri'r /.fVI-i 

^^^ Ji*c'b, ApOBa, yrojba R np. Mfcnoft toftttpl. Kp6iCTLaH6 B63arb ii 
poi^ett Bi MocRBy, B'b yt3AHbie ropoAa, aa <aC>pHRH H 3aBOAU, Baxo 



Bi canufb ropoAai'b ttjiH B'b y%3Aaxi, naitpuen'b^ Ba 

AopoH. Bi nocjIiAHeirb cjy^iat, tOHBo TaRxte Raki* H 
ApoBi ua a6pBRH H aaaoAu, RpecTbane nojynaioti) B3BtCTHy> 

njiary 3a Ranxyio BbtBe3eHHyK> caarenb. ^TO are 
ApoBT BT, MocRBy H Apyrie ytaABue pbiHKH^To B'b BTnxi> 



aaro HMH toBapa. 

**H* f w . . , , 1 '' 

. iT^^..>v.T^ utaa caateHff ApoiTb CuBaeTb paajif^iBa, CMOTpfl noToirf^ ^ 

BfeayTCtf Ap^>M? R^KOBa Aopora, Kaxona ^ 




i erne tMo utut ctoflti 

pacqeTi itptt 



-'-cj. - ' 

/. , '" -T 




<' 1 1 _ 

-m 



HeneHie 
: cmoumocm^ ^M^^tik) ^ fejioi 

npoqiixi ycJOBiN JUHHA ii cocTOflHie xt>porb 

' 



TO bpelMfl y ttHX-b o^l^HllBHercfl ot> ^0 K. xo 1 p.,coo5pa3HO ci. 
it daKJiiotiaiOTCfl CA^JRH ^ci xoafleeaiiii. HpH xopotueft 
<5p6AHfixi> 6epe30BLixi lUBbipROBux'b ApoB-b KjuAeTcti Ha 
; t)bji>iile mpex^ HemaepmeU caxeHH aa OABOM^ BO3y ee 
TOniO taicift^ H Meii'fee HemdepKu BC Boaarb. llocj'&AHee cjynaerca, 

ctapbia, T. e. R^ynHUH ApOBa, u npn Toji-b no 
. 11,'baa 3a B^biBosRy caKeun OTT> 1 p. AOxoAitrb AO 3'/j p. H 



H3i> BopOBCRaro 
CepnyxoBi., Bepcrb 3a 30^-40 orb nocj-bAHaro. flpn o3uaROMjeHiH c-* 

pa6oirb B03iUHROB-b ApOBik Bi MocROBCRoft ryi^epHiii Hejib3a ne oGpa- 
BHHMaHia HaTO, RaRaa iracca napoAHaro xpyAa TpaxHTC^ coBepmea* 
' u6DpOM3BOAUTejbuo, CjiaroAapa TOJbRo Tony, HTO y aaci* nlirb cROJb- 
BO Hn6yAi> BUopiiMJieHBbixi> npocejoqHLixi> TpaRxoBi*. 
MHHOEaTb RaRoti uH5yAB OBpaeRi>, qacTo npHxoAHTCH 
iieH%e 3Ha*iHTejbHbie o6i^3Abi. BCJl^AcxBie qero 3a BCIO lopory 

; ,'!''. ' . * ' r * ^ 

xo/cnTCfl coBepiaeeilo nanpacBO npO'b3)RaTb HtCKOjibKO ^ifmHHxi> BepcTi 

TOF0, HTo5bi Bi Teneiiie AByxii cy^ORi) CA'bjaTL ^Ba-Tps 
no'&3ARU, ORB A^^ftiorb HX'b TOJbKo OAHHI* HJR ABa H T. n. 

ApOBHHHfcoB'b aai) Rpecxbae'b DoAOJbCKaro, ^BeHHropoACKaro a. 
BepeficKaro ybBAOBi), BO Goj-be Ecero A^IH RpecTbnH'b n3'b y'b3Aa Mo-: 
cyu^ecTByerb caxaa xtCHaa CBa3b MencAy npocxoio B03ROK) 



upeoOpaaBxcA na BpeMa BI> xoproBua, EpecxbHRHH'b HyncAaexca 
'^1 p., Ha-b Koxopuxi> qacTb ORI* yaoxpeouxi* aa noRyiiRy 
, Apyraa eMy xpeoyexca aa npo:baA'b AO MOCRBU. 

u-bRoxopux-b pou^ajci*, npeiiMyiuec i aeiRHO B-b 
MocROBCKOMi> ybaA'b, BtpoaxRO BCJibACTBie 6oibuiaro capoca/ 
oxoTRO npOAaH)xi> Ap^'i^ caaceurflHii n oojycaxceRKaifB oxicbJik- 
Hero noHxii Re GbiBaeii) B'b pou^ax'b, CBOAHMbix'fc oxii ^a-; 
^epeaoBbixT) ApOBib B-b poiuaxii MooRoacRfiro 
6^8 p. KpecxbHRe BopoROBCxoft BOJOCTH IIoAOJbCRaro ytajia aa 

. KajyaccRyio ryfiepBiio, B6pcxi> aa 30 orb 
OBH ojaTflTb aa c^xeRb (JepeaoBbixii ApoBi* 3 4 pw 
itfeROBaRRuxi) BbiDie ylbiiAorb nacTiio BOffy 
Mjboxaxi* pou^ax'fc, Hacxiio :baAaxi B'b Apyrie ybaxbi, sanp. 

TAlb cajKeEb cxoHxi* oTh 2 B AO 31/1 
xoproBueQi Apo^A^ui aaRJioHaeTCfl BI paajHHii 

H B'b ropoAt. B'b nocitAReMi* MbpRoio npnuAxa 

- ->'. ' _ 

. ...--;-*.<.' -- *( , - V ,- ^ . ^ 



Tperi-apmHHHM caarctiiB, at ^n^ax* se B> 



apmHHa. cji%ioBaxexiHQ. eciH 6bi EpecxbaBHHr* nw^KNI^ BI, ro- 

. , ' r ' , \ . -v ' .- V, '.' I i.k'v ' ''^V <* ^v J :, ^^ . li U'.* ' fTlr I o^ />n'- i;.>-i-' 

caiseBb ipoBit DO XOH xe u'birv. no voxopon OHii ] 

i ,' i ' i.'^r- , . >..(..;,; T .i<:. . ^.' N. ;' i 

' XO H xbrAa y Hero ocxaexca Bb oapbiinaxi* o;tHHb apniHHi>. H. 

I , ." * . I 'i I i ,^ . V , .:,' "i *> , i i ' ' . . i j- KiT. i.il >//'> 

xpexH cajReHH ApOB'b.. HO Bcerui OiaBfterb Tax^^ 

, I , , , X : . ' , . j*'. , ; ' I'L '' ' ' >. V"' '''-' -^ ' * ^!'- 

pon^axii BHTRe ropOACROfi i^lbubi; XjaRHirb oppaaoifb 
iiRH nojiyiaR)Xb nbjib3y BO nepBux-b orb xorp, j 
5oJibii]e ropbACRon, Bb Bxbpbixi) ' orb caMoft pa3BHmii BI* 
APOBa,RaRaa BcerAa cyn^ecxByexi} MewAy M'bcxaMH noRynRH H M 

* ' , . . ,-.<; I '.T i'.--.ii-' u"!,', ' > 'x :;^.;.. I 

. IlepBoe ecxb Beiit^HHa nocxoaHBaa Hi(jia Belix.ii ' 

* , ., . , i;) . "^ . , ^' :; 

Bxopaa pp^^BepaceHa 3HaHHxejibHbi 
H3b MocROBCRaro y^3Aa noR^naiorb Apo^a 
KemeBJie npoxBBi> xoro. noMeni} OBH cauH npOAaiorb .^XT* BI 

:, ' ^ .. r' ' ' ;'.*' Ti:i^; . .. '.T .'I i . 

rbMi> ApOBaBHRH ]|3i> ry3CRaro, 
B(JioHOJiaMCROM'b y'b3A'b iia 475 p. 

cRHXb u^H'b. Ho 3a xo nepBbie. x. e. MOCROBCRie 

'. " I . . ''" ' ' 

RynHXb H npoAaxb ApOBa BT> xeneHiH nojiyxopa cyxoRi*, xorAa RaRi> pya- 

CRHMb ApOBHHHRaM'b Ha 9xy TKe caMYK) onepauiK) xpe6yexca BpeMeHH 

A - "' I** ' M ' 9 \ , . ^ ^ ~ 

OKOJIO 4 CyXOITb. riOAOJlbCRie B03mHRH ApOBaHHRH Ha npO'^3A'b Cit XOBa- 

pOM-b BT* iito(5RBy xpaxaxb nb 4 AHa, 3a HXO BhipynaroxT^ no 6 py6. Ha 
JiomaAb. ECJIH OHH 6epyxca Bb3HTb ApOBa orb xo3aHBa H3'b np()BO3a,, TO 
3a 8XO Bpexa BbipyqaK)rbTOJii.Ro 3 p.,B 3a xo 

Bl}pB'be,xorAa naRi) npH xoproBJil} ApOBaMH HMI* 

XOBap'bCOBC'bM'b 6e3'b nOJIb3U. KaRb npOCXOft H3BO31 

, xaRi> II xoproBJia ApOBaMH aBJiaioxca A'^Jioifb cpaBBHxejibHO BLI- 
xojibRO Bit Toarb cjyHa'b, ecjiH y 

y ' \. ^ *- ' , * 

''"'' Ii8BO3'b yna opraBH3OBaH'b XOHHO xaRe, RaRb H 

yroJTb B03Hxca HJIH ^H3^ npOB03a^,^HJiH ^orb ce6a^. fi-b 

xpyA'<>> noxpaH^HHbift HanefpeMl^ii^eBie xoBapa, onjaHHBaexcx 

TBJibBo TaRHre, Rarb oniaHHBaexca nepeB03Ra ApOBb; Hxoice Racaerca 

BO3RH yrjia Ha npdAany, xo RpecxbRHe BXO HaxoAarb HaH6oi'be 

MOCRBOK) HJIH ApyrHMH pUHHaMH, HM^IOrb 3AlbCb nOCXOHH^blX'b 

xejiett CBoero xoBapa. HaHHiiaion^eMy aaHHMaxbca xoproBJieft yt^jiaMH 6ii- 
Baerb AOBOJIBHO xpyAHO npiHCRaxb noAXOAan^ia Mibcma^ Roxoi>Ufl y yroj&- 
nepeAajoxcfl HHorAa no HacJiiiAcxBy. Vrojibn^HRi* AOamreH'b HM^tb 
, X. e. RyjH. Ilycxott Ryjb ^*HHxca 10 16 K. 3a inxyRy, oii% 
Bcero xojbRO 5 6 noii3Aorb. TaRHMi> o6pa3OBrb yrojbu^HRj 
Heo6xoAHMO pacDOJlaraxb B^EOxopbiN'b RanHxajiaMi* He xoibito Ha no- 
RynRy yrjia, HO Ha noRynRy Ryiett ija Hero. Hoci1>ABitt paexoii 

WWW WWW ' ' A ^ ^ 

Ha jii>M;iieir TOBapi>, 

iTb yroAy cBOHirb iiavyirtTOJffii^ jtoJlxeHi* 6uBaeTb 
y Hirifc H lyiti, xntsiiHi^ notoMii Mim 
T. . ocxaBJiflioTCJi ilmutHMini. Bexi ncpn^miMu j|4<o CB OAHVMK It 

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TOBapa B> j(pjiri>y OT^ef o Bib 
y aero jacnyuoi^Bo B* ^Q4rak^ 

ToprbBitiJ yriflMH HMl^ioW cii^i^iomie pac^ieTu: caMH OHH 
nanrb Bi ou^ax.'b )rroib pp^O-^^^K. Ky.iB, |Bi ^jpoAaiOTb no 80 

orb Ka^Aaro , iipOA&BBarp Kyjia yrieft OHH 
. K. KpoM* Toro OHH Bbira^uBaiorb eme, Karb u Top- 
OTb Tofi paaHHUu M'bpu, RaKaa npEHflxa AJ& Kyjeit 
u ropOACR^xi). Hai* 10 H A^HCC 9 Ryjiett yrjifl, Rynieu- 
Bi. pom*, yroj|bii;HR'b o^paayerb 12 Kyjeft 

aanjiaTHBiDH BTt poii^'b 3a yrojb 6 py^., 

npOAaen> ero BT* ropOA* 3a 9 py6. 60 ROII. H aa Ip. py5., a TaKT> 
12 Ryjeii ro^OACitHX'b aerRO Bcayxca OAHOH) jLomaAbio, TO orb 
Ha AByxi* jioniaAx'b, Ha ROTopyro yxoAwrb AH" TPH, OH'b no- 
jiy<iHrbnojib3bi OKOJIO 8 piVrojibiuHKH oneHb <iacTO 3aBHMaioTcii npocTOio Boa- 
ROio ApOBi>, RaKi* H Apyne RpecTbaHe, noneiiy OHH H BKJio^ieHbi BI> 
o;^By KBTeropiio ci* BoaiMiiKaHH ApOBi H Jitca. HaHOojibiuee HUCJO nxi* 

BCTp*4aeTCU BT* nOAOJbCROWb y'b3A'b (B'b BopOHOBCROtt BOJIOCTU), BT* Py3- 
Ckbli'b (BaCHJbeBCROtt, HHRO^bCROtt, Op^IUROBCROfi BOJIOCTflX'b). B'b 
TpOBCROM'b (B'b FyJbHeBCROd, OjlbFOBCKOtt BOJOCTHX'b), B'b 

(B'b ARCHHbUHCROit, JlonaTOBCROit H Jy4HHCROti BOJ.), B'b 

B'b ^YAHeBCRoit BOJi.) B'b KjuHCROM'b (B'b HaocnMUKoft 

i " yT V ii>i. ti 

. HO oojite Bcero B'b Caaco-HyAOJbCRott BOJOCTH). 

IIpOHblUIJieHHURII IIORynaiOrb yrOJb rOTOBblMl), B'b CBOAUMUX'b B'b 

Mrb MtcTHocTflx-b pomax'b, MHOFAa 3a 30 Bepcrb paacxoaHiu. Yrjew-*. 
raifH Bi> THRHX'b pou;ax'K HBjaioTca oObiRHOBCHHO npHiujbie paCoHie, iio- 
npeHMyii^ecTBy HX'b RpecTbaHi* KajyHccRofi ry6epHiM, ROiopbie, aaM'Ii- 
Tiifb, npH3BaK)Tca JiyHiuHMH yrjeJKeraMH. B'b MocROBCROBCKott ry^ep- 
BlH yrjexeroB'b HS'b M'bCTUbix'b RpecTbHH'b BCTplJ4aK)Tca Majio; aaMix- 
Hoe HCKJioqeBie npeACxaBJiaiorb TOibRO HlscROJibRO cejieHifi Cnaco-lIyAOJb- 
CKoti BOJOCTH, KjHHCRaro y*aAa, H FyjibH^BCRoft, /I^MHTpoBCRaro. Maxe- 
j(ia. yrojbeB'b axH yr4eiRerH aaroxoBjaiorb uo HeiiHory, HJH 
.caoco6oM'b, HJiH noRyuaioi'b ero RaRi> HH6yAb no CAynaip, 
no yAenieB^eHHoft UtH'b. yro4bHbia aMU OHH ycxpaHBaiorb 
Ha yi;a/ib6ax'b, HJH rA'b JHOO HaiywafiKax'b, 6jH3'b cejeaia. 

Ee6oibniHX'b paaMtpOB'b, Bcero HH 1015 Kyieft; Oojl^e xpex'b 
MOCROBCRie yriexerH He Hifbiorb. Haei^Hbixii paConux'b Aepxarbno 
My, ptAKO no ABa; xaRoe ROJHnecxBo BaeMHbixi> pa(5o4HX'b Aepatarb 
pbie H3i yriexeroBi>AiiHxpoBCRaro yfeaAa. CaMbitt cocxoaxejibHbitt HJH,RaRi> 
roBoparb, CHJibHbitt nponbiniJeHBHirb npoaaBOAHrb B'b roA'b eaSOO 600p., 
GozbiOHHCTBO se Bbipa(5aTbiBaerb TOBapa TOibKO py6iett Ha 50 70. 
/l(MKTpoBCKOir& ytSA'b HtcBOJUKo xecflTKOFb itrb BaaaAi, RorAa 
AoctaTO<iito ji(ca, npoHaBOAcxBoirb ynett 

Tenepb me vryrb yrojibfl TOJbxo Bteoxopbie AOMoxoaieBa 
JleBiOBa, RoneprHea, PaxoBa n AP*)* BojbmHHCTBO xrerb 

I ' ^ . , 



oduRBoiieHH 



Bcero TOJUBO paaa TDK qerupe n rovb. npemymecTBeB- 

- !'- '' '' -fi'""'!!! r-^pn , ,- ' fl !T .''t ' TT ^T^K UlfCi 

Bib JTBteee BpeMfl, ynorpet^^afl RA ttpdtlSBOACTBO Bcero OKOJIO 

H3i> MOciEOBCKiirii 
H nOAABi^aafH cBOHnci ^oQaoBi na UBRaxi*.' fii 

npHBeAeHi> Bume' 






oau HMtidrb T6rb e 



TOproBi^eBi*; Rpok'fi tot'u OHH noJiyqaioni n HlbROTOpyio n6ji3y, 
RaRi> caMOcToaTejiLHbie ' 



CaaceHh 

', n 4 * ' TY 

yroJtLfl, ^aerb iro^baia 2, 3 H 4 py5. UpOAaBafl BI ro 
Ba 70 yt'Jieatort MMt6T-b nojbau AO 45 p. '). 

ia JUliCHblUII IIpOMblCJIHMH, Bl TOMl* BHA^, KAJi'b OHO 

ii^ectBycTi y KpecTbuH'b MocROBCKoft ryCepBiH, Be TpeGyexca BH oco- 
6eBHO 66ii>i]DBxi> RanBTRjioB-b) flitf ocoCeBBbixii TexBEHecK 
BcnpaBBUit AOMoxt>3aHRi> nai) RpecTbaBi* BI CBoeafb 
Bce, HTO tpe($yeTca AJia JiHi;a, ncejiaioiuar 

t I ' < t 

TliHl ilJIfl ApyrHMl. jiliCBblMl IIpOMblCJOMl). Ho3Ji;HKH ApOBl> II 

nMH Hy2KAaK)TCH TOJIbRO Bl 8KHda%aX'b, Ha ROTOpbIXl> MOHCBO 3HHOK) HAH 

jUiT^ifb B03tiTb toB^piii, Q KpoBfb TOFO fn^e Bi BepeBRaxi> 
B03pBT>. PacxoAT* na nocjtAHia coctaBJiaerb Bcero 1^/^nn 2 p. BT* 
OcHOBHoft KantiTajii> iiapu nn;iLii;iiEOBi> cjiaraeTca H3'b CTOHMOCTeit 
JM, TOnopa H doAnnjiRa, ynoTpedjaeMaro A-^a TOHRH UUJM, Bcero OROJO 
2 p. 40 R. neBiUHRH ByH;AaK)TCH BI> OCBOBBOUI> RaoHTajit lai^oroiRepasxt- 
pH,KaRi> n niiJiMunRii^ n-jbcRoJiLRO ;iHmHUMi> y HEx-b anjiaeTca pacsoA'b Ba Hie- 
ji'^3Hbie Aoyiu H jiohaTu^ no AB*^, no Tpn lUTyRH Ba apxejib, 
mia coCcTBeBBOCTb noApnAMHRa. V yrjencora neoCxoARMbia 
paGoTb cyxb nrua, Tonop-b, CRpe6oRi>, 
Rop3HHbi, Bce axo COCTOHTTI 67 jf." 
Racac-Tca o6opOTHbix'b RanHiajioB'b, TO 
-U;RROBI> xaROBue Be xpetfyiOTca. J(Afi yrojibii;HKOBi> H 
ToprbBueii'b yrjiaHR, it AponaMH, toqao TaRse H AJIH yrjeweroB-b 060- 
potHbift RanBTaji> 3aRJiK)*iaeTca cROJbRO Bii neOojibmoBi'b pacxpA'b 
uoRynRy TOro ^HJH Apyraro Jitcaaro Toeapa, CTOJbEO ace H na 

ce(5ii ' k'^JiomaA^ti/ ynoTpedjaenuxi) j(iti nepeB03RH'. Bbiuie mi 

3a iicRiioqeBieM'b pa3B% yrjie9ReroBi>, 
MoryTi oGxOAHTbca RanHTajaMB, paBBa'ibii^HMRca 10 
y yrjieneroBii xte oOopoiBbitt RanHTal'b AOXOAHT^ AO ^5 py6. CpaB- 
nuTejibHo 3Ra4HTeji>Ruft pa3Mlbpi> o5opoTtaro RanRxaia TpeOyexca TOJH^ 
Ro JU'RconpoMbimjeRRHRy. Bbime Obi^o yxaaaRbi npairbpu, ^TO miniiniuii 
oGopoTRaro RanrtTaja SA^b paBBaeTca 25 p., maximum Ke A<I< o($ux- 
]if))ecTbaBi^ xoti M pl^ARO, HOBCC TaRR AOXOAHTI* AO 4000 p. 

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)Re'b3iioft Aopom, TO y jHacoiemi, 



r. EcjiH Tep^pb y croKii;HEOBi H 3aM'bvaTCg coKpamenje 

"TO dTO o6blKHOBeHHO O^ligCHfllOTlk T^Mlk, HTO 



' TTpH croH* ji*coBT. no P^BRMI* xpecTbaBe iirypHpyiOTb BT Kaie- 
CTB* npocTbix'b paCotiBXB H noApfiAiRROB'b, B3iiBinnxo8 y Toro BJIH jipy- 
raro JBaa, iianp. ii3'b HBriHi> rpa<a V sapoBa, y RynBa BytuROBa H T. n. 
BT. MocRBy 3a B3B1bCTHyK> ttjaty HaB-bcTRoe ROJHMecTBo Jibea. 
H'bHT> rearb Ji'bc'b, ero, ROM^IIRO, nRjfln>, aarbifb BbiBOHTi 
6eperb p^RB, rjcb AO nopu AO BpemeRB ORI> jeiRBTb 
8TB paOoTbi BbinojiHfliOTCH RpecTbBRaiiB, y ROTopiax'b 
nopi. cjioiRHJiocb faRoc pacnpCA*JeHie paSoiaro roaa: lacTb oce- 
B ^BMbi OHH nnjiflTb B^h jcbcy; cit A^RA^P" M^c 

H Ji'feca Ha Geperft p-hRT)*, BecRoro, no BCRpuTiB 
Ra 6epera TOBapi> HJIOTRTCH R croHHercH no 
MocRBy. IIjioMCRie npoB3BOABTCR oieRb CiiiCTpo: apTOJfb irb 8 
noroRT> BI* 2000 AepcBi. irb TpR AR^t ^^ cawcRR 



^ 

6 MejIOB*R'b nornHUIBROB'b nJIOTHTb BT 2 ARH' B* <il*OHll niOTO*fc 



H ix-iHuiBRbi. IIpB6biBi> c* njioraMB BT> MocRBy, 
W;ioKOJiaMCRie B py3CRie RpecrbHRe H RpecTbRRRH RaRRMaroTCR 

lacriio MocTEn> B^ ropOA* MOCTOBNII BJB ire fiepyrcii 
B oObiRROBeRRo noARVbia pa5oTbi, a 



npBnjbiBaiomie BT* MocRBV niioiiiM ' cbcToarb BJB BST. 
cbpta dpeBeRi). BJB B3T moeapHUKa\ inBbipROBux'b APOBT> npRrp- 
BOAOK) Boodn^e najio. KaxAbitt, OTA*JbRO npRFRaBRbitt B'b MOCRBJ 

CTj TtMT* RJIB ApyrRMli jfvCRblM'b TOBapOMl> Ra3bIBaeTCa lOHOMl, RJB tlO- 
TOHOMl>. nOCJI^ARift COCTORTb R3T> CBa3aRRbIXT> 

niOTOBib, BaabiBaeMbixi npotottdMu^ ROTOpuxi* B'b 
niTyRT., BocjtARia BMiiorb no AB* CBa3aRRbix'b MewAy coCoio 
EcjiB B-k noi^Mik RaxoAHTCtf 2000 AepeBi, TO BT poi6ttaxi BXT. CyAerb no 
100, a B'b n^etticaxi no 50 mryKi.. CaMbift 6oibinoft nou>M AJi* MOCRBU 
CHBTfieTca tn 2400 BocbVB H AeBatB apniBRBUx-b AepeB^. ^JiBa 
orb rojotibi A<^ ero XBOcra AOXOAMTT AO 80 caKen, tnl- 



8 

BliCKaibBo yive 
yve Ha 

mac!b 



oOpaaua, BOTb |(Ba raRHiCb ycJioBifl, Baanux'b Rdi 
rOBopoB% MojKfiAcKaro y*3fla, flop*uKott BOJOCTM: 

'541'" 1880 t. ccHT. 30, Ml 4. tfl nrtAenoAiiMcaBhiiflcfl iq)ecTbfliittirt>, 
BOJOCTH, fl. MejKyTMHott, AHApeti PoAioHrtB-b 3aRJ!dqHii> cie 
OBCRMsn. Bf'bii;aHnROM'b IlB. HlfR. KypRnatdifb BT c4*At 
, Mto fl, FbioienticaBRbitt KpecthflBHBi B^Hfuica y nero, KypKHria,. 
Jiljca oflHHli norOH-b, e-apiiinHHaro cJOiBaro, cotHOBai^o, 6ep^ 
aoBaro, M3'b Aa'i'b rpao^a AjieRcl^a CeprlieBMMa YBapoBa H3'b pk3H!fti't>.. 
(ttepcna, 10 15) no Buiue UHomi (p'b4Ra, npHTOK-b MOCRBU 
, TA* npuroTOBAeHO BT* Bbiu'^iuBeMii roAy c'jexoM'b 4'ljca 1650 
Ba4ari> uoafiy He ynycRaa Bpeueiiu npH nepBOBfb 
aHMBewt^ cero rAa M cHJiaAUBaTb OBwfl Jiijc^ Ba 6dper'i> MOCKBIA- 
p*RH npa Acp, rpHOoB-fc, TA* MB* OyACTb yRasaBO MMT>, 
UJiu ero cjyiKUTejeM'b, Ba, HHXfecj'bAyioiMHX'b KOBAHuiux-b: 1) 

mi.;AaHT, jTpaa^a YBapOBa OB-b, KypKHB'b, o6ii3aB'b njaxHTb MB*, 
aa gaHfAoe Aej^CBo no 10 R., 2) a, POAIOBOBT*, oCaaaH'b CRja- 

J-feCT* B'b ROCTpU, RaKT. OyAyrb npHFOTOBJieBU CTOflKH IIM'b^ 

H onpaBHTb RocTpu He Bn/Ke 3V, apaiuu'b BUUIIIBU Ba> 
aajoMax-b. 3) ECJM fi^ PoAiOBOB-b, Sy^y HeHCnpaneh'b BT. BHBOB- 
a^ TO OBT, KypKHHiif BOJiCB'b AonycrMtb Apyrarb BoamiiROBi* 
c'b nepeAaieio u'bHbi, aa Mott, PoAioBOBa, CMen>. 4) B'b HHCJIO* BUBoaKH 
OH-b, KypBHB'b, upa aaKJuoseBitf cero ycaouin AO.iH<eH% BbiAaTb MB*, 
aaAaTRa 25 p., a cjiliAyiomee BUAaib, CMOxpa no paapaOoTK*, 
a up onoBHaHiH Bcett BO^RH aica oa-b, Kypnuirb, AOJHcea'b BbiAaTb aa- 

a^Bbiii. ACBerb HHCibift pacneTb. 6) ECJH a, 
aaM'b4eii> BT, Kpaacli j*ca luu BO BpeMH BoaKM <5yAy Opocaib 
poroM) II Hoyeab cyTRH BO noAbJMy H OB'b npoaa^erb, OTBtnaio aa 
THKoe 8 apiuBBBoe ACpeBo no 1 p. G) UoBOpBURy (AJiHBBbia 
a, PoAioBOBT>, BbiBeaxH 150 uixyirb deanjaxBo, a Aoporn 

Hbl CbJTb OnJIOHCBU, FA* MM, BOan^HRB, npO'bAHM'b C'b jtCOM'b MBOlb, 

. PacMCTb sasHTb no 



^1 , . I ; ,,,^ M-,..:r ' * . , < .- i^,,-.;'* ,. 
ycioBfo aa cvoB-b jrbea, aauiotieHBQe 12 napra 1880 

^'*^'^^^* ' . ril^I ft.U ^ptf yrr'^ai/w siiT> 

r. Mapra 12 AB<, atf Hiiai^ttoiaiidasiffifteCK no 



Aptapoji^ M KfttCTbiiHvirk J|lfMciUirg ytW^. Oop*HCRoft BQJI. 



tiitiiD*iHjni 

y aero, Apxft]kwii, OPVIITI no 
1Kb 17.; Moeviiy 'Mcaoio nnvlkiiiittPO ro,<<a ;<)! BhuiiHOBtKlin^ 6eperoin. 



, o5fl3yide^ cBOtiMtt i^pyrbflMH H pa((d^fl noxbim Ro 



6iaTE BpH ' ti^OTR^ ift ciHiMttt 1!o ^eidB^iTfr BA noroRii, 
KapTy AOJincBU 6fiiTi> npMroTObJdHlit MHOV, MlixaiiiOBiiiirb, H^ 6epeiY 
npyTbn, '.mpyCjeHu CTaBRH H otecaau Becja, aa BeHcnojBe* 
Hie cero KB cpoity Jt, MBxaftioBT*, oTB*qaio rieyctpoftKott 22 p. sa n6 
rokii, a Taxacie, ecjit irb Bbun^osBaMenBOMy ' cpoRy ne npexcraBJiio cxa- 
aaeHaro ROJiBHecTBa croBti;tiROB%; IFJH Be aBJiiocb na pa6oTy, TO nxany 
ueycToiiRH 50 'p. H Rpoil'b Toro 3a6paBHbie MBOIO AeBbrii oGitayiocb Boa- 
ApxapOBy, n QoroBii oin. MOKerb nepexaTb Rpyrony. 4) Ko- 
Ji'bca AOJITKHO 6idTb i'bXyK>n;ee: ocvBOBaro H ejioBaro B apm. 
jvbca 1100 nep., 12n 7 apm. CTOJCOBTJ 650 lOTyR^ H 7 apuiRHBaro Ji*ca 400- 

OpeBeBl). 5) IlOCTaBHTL S^fb BTj MoCRBt y KaMeHBOit nJIOTHHbl, eCJH. 

are ne 6yAeTT> M*CTA, TO voacno nocTaBHTb BT. Ulejenirx'b, BO CT> pas- 
xo3iiHBH, a no nocTanoBR^ Ha M'bcTO npoiirnTb HJIH npncMOTpa 
Ha noroafi 14 flnett, 6) DJOTHTL !> pa3fopoMT>, 
Hadjuo^eHieirb npHimii^ifRa, a Bi) MocRB'b HaRarb 
; aa ocjiymaHie nre 10 p. mTpa^y, 7) vb xoay, ecjH noroin n3- 
HjiH ocoxHerb HJH nona^erb Ba ocTpoBi, TO H, MHxafijioB'b^ 
CBORMH croHu^dRaMH co(5paTb H HcnpaBHTb 'ocoxuiitt Jitci, cnao- 
nepeoiOTHTb, a CCJTH jrhci. Cy^erb 3aHeceB'b Ha jyi^, Ha pa3- 
CTOHHie 18 cax. orb 6epera, TO ApxapOBT, ot?fl3aHT> HOABCCTH Ha CBOtt 
, 8) oxpaaeHie ji'bca BI> xo^y Jennrb Ba o6fl3aHBoCTH croHii;BROBi>^ 
iioroBT> nonaAerb B-b joarb HJTH pa3HeceTi ero, TO 3a rtoTepio J*- 
ca ji, MBxaftjioBi), He OTB'bqaio, a BbmutaeTCH TOJibRo 3a croHi j'bca, no 
AoroBOpBoft U'ftH'b, a npii 6jAronojyiHOSrb cajab'b, JI*CT> AOJI- 
coxpaeeHi)' BI> i^^aocTH: 3a RpaHry HJH npoAaacy ci* noroBa. 
B3bicRHBaK> yrojroBHbiMTb nopHAROMi. 9) Jl^eHbrn njiaTHTb B-b 
poRH: Bi> aaAaTOK-b 25 p., Ba xapqu 15 p., R^TH BI xo^i* 10 p., 

npy;iy 10 p., BT MOCRB*, no noCTairft Ba ii*CTO, A-^H paCo- 
25 p.) a ocTajibHbiff no oROfitiaBiir cpORa BbiAatb nojtBbifi pacqerb. 
fl, ApxapoBi, nocji'ft pORa noatejian) ocTa^iiTb CFOHII^HROBI 
npecMOTpa 3a noroBoitb Be 6ojAe KaKi na BeA'bJK), TO nja^y 3a 

no 1 p. 10 R. IfiiHa ta ci-oeii ^'6Jar6 noroBa 200 p. 11) 
(RaBaTOBi>) ApxapoBTt AO^nceB^ AOOTdBHTb Ba 6epen no 5 
noroiTb, a ft, Mnx^JljoBi npHHHtb HX^ R no cAjfaBt i^ca npo- 
cxaTb BT u^ocTR. 12) EcjR oniOieBRbrll Ji^ci ocoxBerb na 
RjiR BT, xoAV, TO fi, MRxafljiOBi>, o6MaRT AoaTbca npROuiR BO- 
xo 15 vac R ecjin Boa npiCtAers, TO rRftTb, BI npoTRBRom* 
no itpomeeTBiR cpoRa ApxapoBi o(hi3aa% 4^1 npRRm H 

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oyroBEm*. Bi* aTOMi cejeaiE cepe<{paiu|t 
45 Baaajii*^ ocaoBaxejexii ero Oujfk Ep. Top- 
Om oTRpuxb MaerepcEyiDi EO caio 

... 

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228 



yB&iH<iHTi> cocxaBi* MacTepcKoft Ao 20 ^e;ioffbRiM < IH 
BpeHfl MUflrpamuii Hax^jiff, i da^roxapfl coe<f 



HHH 



KieBOBCRott BOJiocTH. oA^Ob .ccxb OAHa> uedoibiiiaa Ma* 
cxepcRaa Rp. OBqHBBHXOBa. jPa6oxa npOH'aBOAUxcfl xoflbRO 
orb oojieBbiK'b aauaxitt Bpena. . . 

'X<l i^ ttCepedpHBaa MacxpcRaa aauaMaex'b oobiRnoBeuBO ocoOoe orb 
iaro DoafbiueBie , paaM'fcp'b Roxoparo B'b oooibiUHBcxBi} cjiyqaeBi) Benpe- 
Bbimaerb 8 8 HJH 99 apui.; ecxb ocoobia RyaHHUU. Bapocibie paoo- 
qie (npeHHyiuecTBeBBQ u'bcxBueiRpecxbaBe) uo OROH^aBiH paOoxbi yxo* 
AOMOtt; B'b MacxepcRoft ace uoqyiorb xo;ibRO Majibj 
bcli BBcxpyMCBXhi, HeodxoABMbie AJiK BeAeuia cepedpaBBro 
x-pyqHbie aa HCRjifoqeBieirb EMl}K)ii^6Jicfl y o^Horo xotibRo Mbcx6pa 
UMBxpia MaRHpoua B'b A> lIoAaojiOBoft BaJibu.oBoft MaiBHBu cb ROBBUM^ 

r^ i A 

QpBBOAOH'b^ cjiyxiaii^eit AJIA BbiA^JiKu jiHCxouaro cepeOpa. HaBOOAbmee 
paaBooopaaie HBCxpyMeHxoBi> Bcxp'bqaexca B'b cepedpaHO>*ie2aHHOM'b Ma* 
cxepcxB'li. TaR'b KaRii caoco6'b OXJHBRH H OROB^iaxeAbHoft BbiA'ibJRH MO* 
Ta;ijiB*iecRHi'b ven^efl noflpooBo oaHcaHT> BI iiaAaHBou'b MOCR. 3eM. Vnp. 

MOCR. Fyoep."^ cocx. A. HcacB-b, H xaR'b RaK'b 
npoHSBOACXBa HanoMBBaiorL coooH) ye onucaBBbie 

BOM'b cOOpUBK*) XO Mbl OrpaBHHBMCfl RpaXRHSfb OHUCaHieiUi B^ROXOpUXl* 

npieuax'b npoHabOAcxBa BI* cepe6pfliuo-qfRaBBOMi> upo- 
Ilocjib oxAUBKH cepeoppHan Beu^b Hifberb Heox^wxjHByH) opMy; 
xaROMi) HHA'^ oaa nepexoAHX'b R'b MeRHBmHRy. llocjl^aifi, npHRpjbnHB'b 
ee Ba RycoK'b cMOJibi| npB OOMGII^B neRauoB'b (Bcdojibuiia cxaibBua aa* / 

RapaHAaiueii) H luoaoxBa BbipaBBBBaeri} mepoxoBaxocTM 
npeAuexa. OxsexjHBoe HcnojiBeHie npauo aaBHCBrb orb 
BCRyccxBa paOoTaioii^aro. IIpH BbiA'bJnErb Ben^B nai) cepe6paBaro JiBcxa 
(HAH 6jiaxH) A'b^o H'bCROJbRo ycjOKHaexca. IloJiyqHB'b HaB'bCYBbitt pHcy- 
MBCxepii' BaRjiaAbiBaerb ero Ba JiRcrb cepedpa H 

A MM 

nepeBOAurb pBcyBOR> ua 6jaxy. 3ax'bM'b npHnoMou^H 
Ba o^opoxBofl cTopOBli - cepeCpHBaro jiicxa nojiyiaexca 
BaoCpaiReBie pHcyBRa. Maexepa, BbiAtjibiBaioiuie RaRi raasBbia. 
BxopocxeneBHbia qacxH Bel^B, BaabiBaioxca Mynduposvtm 

. Orb MyBAHpOBH^BBa^BeU^bnepeiOAHXl* R'b Ui4(^OMI4tK)t4JCy, ROTO- 

OKOBqaxe4bBO crjaacHsaerb ocxaioiuiaca BepOBBOcxH BemH. dartunk 
RiaAexca ee rnpiqie yrojiba paoiajieBBaa AO Rpacaa onycRaeTCJi 
M'bAHyio nooyARBy, Baoojuepvyia aoAon cik opHMl^cbii Be6ojimaiti 

llo MMtyriv oTcuMia Beu|i 



He aaButaiDTct^'fo npmoAH'fca 06* 

994^ 



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Qpo- 

, M CTOHMOCTL HXV XJ> MBCTepCKOi Cl 8 pH(OWMH (MMCTepCKILfl 

JlocKyTOBa Bi A. JlMHTpOBofi): vexaMM u Jio.u>mictt. drtt HHCTpyMeHThi ie- 

HM'bTb CBOH, R He ](oaflttCKie, H6o, xaK' 
npOMuuiJieHHHKH, ^oait CyA^rh RaRi> oacTyxi* oeab 
.r. .' i HHAOHKH (piMjeBRH). 

IlpiiaaA4ewHo<n:v A^a pucoBaeia (ec JH qeKHHiAnKii yMteTi^ pnconaTi.). 



/- ' Be* tM iiucTpyMeHTU CToaTb AO . ....... 25 py6. 

- n ;, 3 



30 MOJOTKOB'b paaaaro o'bca H ^opMi* iji^ fi';u^o ^^s*^^^^^^ 
tiEaJiu pasahixi) copioB'b u pa3M'bpoB'b ~. .TlTAjrT^TJt^ B " 
JloOaRK'b II ApeJib ..... !5. /54'^(^x..ji.ini^u?;,0i.i.n^^ 
>H H'bCKOJbRo HHCTpyweHTOB'b (oyrafi, ^^jaKneaen'b, 
parb, CTOARH H npbn.), ynoTpeojaeMbix-b AJIH npMAaaia 



CToaTi 
rKojiHMecTBo HHc^yMeaTOugb yBejiHHHBaeTCia npoiiopuioHUJbHO 



^,^ ..., r 

Toro b-b MacTcpcKofi cepedpaaiiKa /l^i. Majsapona (BT* flieip. 

MMl>eToii BHJibUOBafl MamHaa<rb KOHHUMI. iipHROAOU'h, CTOIO- 

1500 py6. . 

<; [ 'Yf'T'' .rn^'j^;";^t' ''M;' Tfrr K - *' ?; f "-'-; .;M..',V" t;";^-."-* 

vi^^^ -IlpH BbJA'bJKli ii3A*.iiii HP.!) sojioTa (KOjLua, KpccTbi) B'b MacxepcKott 

CT> 10 pa6oTaioii;uMH AOJH>Hbi obiTb wiAyJOu^ie HHCTpywreHTbi; . , 

KyauHua c-b ycTpoficTBOM-b . . i" : i :t;Kif>'^^ii; ^'>HV, '^ 
jVIaiiiHHa AJa npopySKu KpecxoBb . j;. XMI 
.He6ojibuiaa 



niHJMw 

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9fttu ^u$^ * 

Toro ecTt eme H*cKo.ibKo caMOA*JiiHMxi, Bam1o.ilje npo 



]KH3HH opyAitt pasJiHHBa: Bce aaBHcnrb orb 
HXI. TaKT> uaap., ^euaHbi, CMOxpa no 3aKajy CTa.ui Moryrb 
BpocjyacHTb M AecaTKH Jitrb H OKasarbca aeroARbiMK K'b ynorpefijeaiio 



'" THDRHHOIO 4>opiiOK) BeAeaia cej>e6paaaro npoMbicja aBJaerca 
cxepCKaa c'b aaeMBbiMH pa6o4HMH. 3a eecbMa aeiiaorRMH HCRJiOHeaiaMH, 
npeACTaBjaiorb coooK) caiiocToaTejbHbiX'b npOMbiuiJeaaE- 
. EcTb TOJbKO ABoe M3'b HRxi., lOTopbie Bccb cpauoTaaabiA BT 

vofeap-b nocraBJiioTb BT> 6oj*e Rpyaaua 
-Derp'b 



Opary cBoeiry, BacHXbio rpHropMty; Apyrott se u 

FopraRovii, nocTaujraerb cBott TOBapi> Tove 6paTy 



rpyxa MeA7 vacTepaicN BCTpiqaeTCfl 



imcTepcRRH0 

Haop. ecjH tpeGyercu aojiotfefiie miKott jiH5o DBII^H, TO Heiiafiliar 
JBBO o6pau;aT}Cfl B-b MOCRoecKiH BiacrepcRifl. TO<IHO Taxxce ^HHTpitt Ma- 
RapoBi AonycRaerb Apyrnx^b pep6^0paHHKOBi> nopaooTarb Ba ero Baxb- 

npuieafb sa aro BgHMaerca onpe^'i^jeBHaH njaxa. 
HTO RHcaeTc^i AO BUA'^JIXII Ben^eft H3i> aojioxa, TO 3Alcb DO^ITH co- 

xpyjia ueTRAy paoo'iHMH OAiioit H Tofi }se na- 
CTepCROti: Ka;RAbifi MacTcpii BnojB'b AOA'^^'iuBaeTi* nae'bCTByio 

TOJI>RO rftx-b cjy*aeBT>, ROFAA KaKott HH6yA 
npieMT* npoHSBOACTBa He aHaKoin* wacrepy; BT> 9Toxi> 

, 6oji1i cnoco6HOMy Biacxepy. 
npMHHMaioT'b yiacTie BT* paSorb aapaBH-b ci CBOHXH aa- 

paOOTHHRaMII H TOJbRO BO BpeMfl nO'b3AOR'b Bit MoCRBy OCTaB- 



1- ' B'b cepoopaHbix'b wacxepcRiix'b paOoxanpOAOJiacaexca Rpyrjbift 
Becbva HeMHorie HaeuHbie paConie ocxaejiHiOT'b MacxepcRyio xojibRO na 
iioFOca, Bcero uk 2 3 AHH:; BO' B3aM'bH'b axoro pa6oxaK)xi> no 

HKHMT.. JI'liXOMl MRCJeHHMtt nepCOHaJTi MaCXepCROtt 6blBaeTb50JIb- 

me, HexejiH 3nMOJt, noro^y HXO fb axo Bpeufl 3aroxoBJinexca xoBap'b A<ifl 
HeareropoACRoft apnapRH.' - ^-^''-f' ;..-I-M.!*T"' *-**' * 

Paooqift AGHb BaqHBaexca c'b 6 qacoB-b yxpa. Pa6oqfe BcxaK)XT>Bi> 
5 sac. H nbrorb qatt; 3aBxpaRaK)n> B'b 9, B'b 12 1*'^ qac. o5*A''> w 
Abixi>, B'b 5 qnc. qatt, KOHqawxi* pa6oxaxb B'b 8 qac. H y/RHHaioxit. 3 
Moft nOpHAOR'b Toxi> we, CT* xoro xoibRO pa3HHu,eEo, qxo oo'feA'b ObiBaex'b 
Oea-b oxAbixa. a c'b BeqepBRMi qaeM'b ObiBaiox'b 3acMAKR, npOAOJiwaio- 
u^iaca 1 q. B3pocjibie pa5oqie nojyqaiorbnjiaxy roAOByio H aox'bcflqByio. 
Muximuiu aapaOoxBott iijiaxbi xopouieMy pa5oxBHRy 12U p. na xo3aitcRax'b 
xapqaxi>, Roxopue caMHMH upoMuuiJienHURaMH ou'bBHiiaioxcfl B'b 5 py6. 
B'b M'bCflU'b. KaROBaa cyMMa H npH6aBiae'rca RI> xcajioBaBbK) Macxepy, 

/ F A V 

eciH OBI} no^iejiaex'b jRHXb na cBonx'b xapqaxi>. Bnpoqeorb, HCRByn^ie Ha 

qaxTk cocxaB^aioxi} ncxjioqeHie, XHR'b RaRi> y zo3flHHa 
xopoiuaa nuu;a H KatRAutt A^ub HHCO. 4afi ToqBo xaRxe nbioxii 
2, a BRopAa H 3 pa3a B'b A^Bb. XoaiflcRitt qatt nbiorb 
Ba cBOuxi* xapqaxi>. YqeBRRH noiyqaioTi qafi H xapiH o;pi 

HaROBO Crb BapOCJbIMn pafkO^RVH. C^M -^ ' 

.ttiU. YqeHHRR DocTynaioxit in HacxepcRyio c'b 9-jftxHflro Boapacxa. Ka- 
ii ycjoBifl aaKiiotiaioxci Menrny poj|HTjiRMn yqemiRa H xoatiiHOMi* 
Bcero ^*iQie MOVBO Mll^i^ nai* tipvojKHMAru ycjoeii, 

Ml* ^Bii;*H qAlt^ioCii jMumaoporb^ KjeiroBORaro 
90 npBJoit (<*M ^} ^|7t r. tlMtn MAI BMCTbiveiai ea& A. 



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Eropona n Kfr. x. 

iieAT co<k)io cjUxyiome^ ycioeio: ^fl, Ara*bx Eroposa, 
Aajipeio E^peMOBj, poxHaro ceoero cuva, 

cepeOpflHCMy qoKaHROMy MAcrepCTBy, cpoKOM% HR 
Bepxflfli offeiRAH, KAKi-'PO: my6a, icymarb, 
ero, E^peMOBa; 

Eropouoli; a a, AnApeft E^peMai$^4jo^jjK>eir'BecTH BI> 
JliTb uajLHHKa AO co^e^iueHHaro MacxepCTBa H CBepxi* roro, o6fl* 
no iiCTC'icuiu KaHtAaro roAa n^iaxnTb eit, EropoBofi, DO 3 p. cep. 
KaKOBoe ycjiouie ooaayejica codjiOAaTi* ci* o6^n\i CTopoHi> CBOTO u 

B-b MCM'b H DOAnocyeMCfl^. 
Bi> Apyi'H-'^i> ycjOBiaxi>, BbinHcaHHux'b Bann na'b Tott ise 

u AoroBOponi:^ BCxpliMaeTCfl H'bROTOpoe pa3HOo6pa3ie: cpoRi 
o5yHe}]ifl HHOFAH coRpainaeTCfl AO 4 j[jbTi>; BM'bcxo njiaTbi 3 p. B'b roAi* 
yqeHHKy no omjtcusrb Bcero cpORa BUA&CTCH noAA^BRa, canoru, RapTy3i 
H RyiuaRi>. QjiyHaeTCfl, HTO aaGoTu 0611 OAexA'b, Bepxaefi H HuacHett xo- 
deperb xaH'/Ke na ce6fl. f(o ncTcneHia ycjiooHaro cpoRa ooyHenia 
He HAfbiorb npaBa oxphiBaib MajibHiiRa orb HacTepcKoti. 3a- 
6oTbi o upaiiCTueHHOCTH yneuHRa XOSHHRI* oeperb Ra cedfl: 

b y xodflnua BI> nojiHOMi> noBUHOBeRlH u 
cnpoca xoaaHna co AiJOpa BBKyAa He OTJiy4aTbcu. 3amajiocTb, 
HOCTb u HcpaAliaie K'b MacTepcTBy BOJieH'b xoauHH-b ncnpaBJiaTb 



llo OKORMBRiK cpoRa oOyHeaia, yqeRRRi*, A*-iaacb nacTepoarb, yro- 
cBOHX'b coTOBapamefl BHHOM'b (^cnpwcRii^). BTorb oobmaft TOJib- 
KO B'b OAiioft wacTepcKoit JlocRyTOBa BbimeJH) HSI yn6Tpe6jieRia: nocJio- 
ero Mac'repoBi*, ^cupbicKH RU KiiHeMy He BeAyT^**. BT* apyrnxi* ace 
pCKHX'b BHOBj. nocxynaioii^itt padoTHHRii AOJeR'b ooaaaiejibRO Ry- 
V| wcApa bOAKii. Uocxynaa B'b MacxepcKyio MBJibHHR'b Ra nepBbixi* 
ae no|mxT> npiyHaeicfl RypHTb xaSairh, a HROFAH n nHXb eoARy. He- 
AJH axoro cpeAcxBa AOObiBaioxca iiocpeACXBOoiT* BOpoBCXBa 
3a axuMn MejKHHH RpaniaMii xosanny ycHoxp^xb AOBO.ibRO 
xpyARO. CT* cajaaro A^a uocxynJieRia BT> yneRbe MajibMHKT> naqHRaexT* 
npHCjy/KiiBaxb MacxepaaiT* H npucMaxpRBaxbca RT> A*jy> sayHHBaexT* aa- 
3BaRie HRcxpyMeRxoB'b. Majo no Majy eny oC'bacRoiox'b ynoxpe6jieRie 
TtxT> HJH ApyrnxT* opyAitt npoR3BOAcxBa, AftK>rb Ra npo6y 6oji*e jerKyio 
pa6oxy H B-b 1- 2 roAa, CMOxpa no cnoco6ROcxH, ORT* BbiynRBaexca pa- 
6oxaxb. ^pe3T> 3 roAa npedbiBaRia BT> MacxepcRott Majbqnirb BnojiR*3a- 
Bapocjiaro paGonaro. BT* nocj'bAHee BpeMa pOAHXCJiH oxaawxik 
^Tett npeAnoqxiixejibRO BI> nuinRbia MacxepcRin, rA'b Ra nep* 
Bbiit Mfe roAi* iiaib<iHirb 3apa6axbiBaexi> xeRbrH. - 

'f'!'l''r'V-'!''''>^ ' Ji^ ' atc- _ 

npOMbiuiJieRRbifi roAi* y cepeGpaRHROBi* Mosno ' e<iHTaxi B% 240 
Ilpu cn'btuROMi aaRaali paOoxaioxi H BI> npaaARHHRue AUU^ noiy- 
aa axo oco(5yio, onpeAl^JieRRyio njaxy. Hepa6oHHMn ABSHH 
Bct BocRpeceRbe H 



I 



4 ABB Bextnaro noexa (non^'Mnni^ K 
B cy66orra M roBllnt>e),3 XBf Ci^pm^rftofi HtxtJB, X/Burrat 

jieBfc (jipifiitp|( no 
iBR, 26' ceBTx5pB loaBBik Borocjaji>. 22 ! 

*^ 7 A 7 

npa3ABBKi npoAOJiRaeTcii 5 'ABeft it cnpaBJiexpn BI 
ceJieHiu npBxoAa OTAIAI>UO. 

Kl '' 

r; IlLHHCtBO MeSfAy CCp'cCp^aHHKaMH CHJlI>HO pa3BHTO, HTO^Bl. 

-t* II III H t'lp luJhii ' ' r A w^ f 

Bocm 3aM*THO npH xoponieM'b cCwT* cepeopaabixi* H3A'finiH. B* slra 



npoMuuiJieuHRRH xosaeBa nepeMaHfrBawrb oAifm. y Apyrato pa- 
B03BbimaH HBTb sftpadotHyio iTiaTy. IlepeM'feHa MacTepcKoit co- 
yromeHiesii> B^Roii'b; H^AO aaMliXHTh, ITO 3A*mHlepa6o- 
lie WHByrb ce - taKH TpeSB^te BIOCKOBCKHXI, iioToary HTO aAiibb y Ma- 
ciepa Ha rjaaax^ ceMLfl, AO naB-fecrHott CTenemi npenaTCTByiou;ajt 
oponHBaTb recb 3apa6oTOKT. 3a nporyjiLHUc AHit A^-iacTcii 
CO uiTpao^oM'b; TaRH;e H npn GOJ^BBH pa6oqaro 7Ka.iOBaHi*n 
IIoMTH Bc-b pa6b!ie EaxoAnTcn BT> Aojry y xo^iiCBi*. IIpH iiepe- 
OTb OA^oro xo3flHBa Kt Apyi'OMy, nocJiiiAHift B!iinjaHHBaerf>c'rapuit 
MacTepa. ITpoMbimjienHHRn 3aMliMaK)'rb, 'ixo T-b pnOoMic yrcpAHte 

3aHI(NB]OTCft A*JIf>MT>, KOfrOpHC He COCTOflT'b BT* AO.iry y X03ilHHa. 9TO 

oC'bflCHitiorb T*M^, MTO ^xapbitt AOJin> H-bTb OXOTU 3apa6aTWB;iTL. EC.IH 
no csiepTH MHCTepa ocxaeTca AOJin* xo3HHHy, TO ynjiaxa ero nepeBOAirr- 
en Ha OAHoro n3T. CjHwatiiiiHX'b MJICHOBT* ceiibH fcuHa, opata) ii 3apa- 
doTHBacTcn nocji'bAHaM'b, ecjin oa'b 3Hae'rb cepeCpHHoe MUcTCpcTBO. BT> 
npOTHBHOM-b cjiyna* AOJirb B3bICKHBaeTc^cyAe8HUBI'b^opflAKOM'bC'bocTaB- 

yMcpuiaro, nj^ii neu'b 3a AonyueBT}) apH3HaeTca paa- 




o ^ (''' *^-; r - 

i oapaooTHyio niary Mhctepa tto.iyMaiorb HtcROJbRo pa37> BT. 

OSblRHOBeHHO HaRHHyBlJ 60JILfnHXTi npa3AHHKOB'b(Po7KAeCTBO, 

fiHROJiUHi) AtiBb, n^TpOK'b ACHb H Bo3AHn]KeHbe)^ a OttOH4aTeabHbitt pa3- 
cierb c-b xoaaRHOM-b A*JiaeTCH RI. CBflToft HeAtJ*. MHorAa H RpoBi* ea- 
3BaHHbixi> AHctt MacTepa 3a(5Hpak)'rb y xosaeB'b AeBbru no Mejoqn. Pa- 
BM^CTO AeHerh TouapOMT* npaRTHRycrcq BT. BecbMa 



HblX'b 



H3AtJiifl cGhiBaioTCfl Bi) MocRBy, 

. Orb Cojb^eii HJH neHBOiett HyxcAi*!, j^ AOHbra^'i> H HB 
ojiHHecTBli MeTajija 3aH}^cHTii H Mac,TOCTi. ni*3AORT npo 
c'b ToeajpOMii B'b MpcKBy. BTM HacTUfi OT^ynm BecbMa ae 
cepe6pifiiiiKnBt>, ^^(^^o pac^OAOei^ n orpuBag orb Macrep 



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M<iecTiio wafepituav propAii ool>9)iia 

TOJIUDQ 



e<Uft 

xoeTaToqHoe soiii^eTvo ep66pa; 

|iBmrOAUO ll^aAflTb TOi-H: A^JK> Bl> ^OCK^y Cl* 

TOBHpa. Bo upeMa ape^OuBauia B'b MocKB'i^ xaKoro 
paoo^ie ocTaioTCfl Gea-b Alt^a, HTO, opH npHHflToii 



B'b poBHiioy 

y Tbx'b M^e xop- 

roBi;eB'b, i^OTOpb^N'b c6biBaeTC9 i:oTOBuft Toeapii. /I^enbr 

ue 

RpeAUTOMi*; )aii^ ci^Ha^TCfli HTO caMH OUB 
CRaiorb HacTb TOimpa B'b AOJirb AO C4d^yioij:^aro ceoero 

. 9TOTb BpeAHTl) o6e3Be4HBaeT'b A-IH npOMbiUIJieHBHKa c6bITlH3- 
H AQ B^RQTO|H>fi CXeneBH li03BUUiaeTl> U'bHy TOBapa. IlOHflTBO,. 

eviKie cep$6p>iHHRii, H^'J^H B'b o6opOT'b Hii4'j[:oxHoo ROJimecxBO we 
, TopoaAxcfl cCbiTb TOBapi) na HajiKHUbia ACHbrii^ MTOobi nocROp'be- 
Aouoit u uc 'aacxaBHTb paooHaxi) CHAl^xb oes-b Al^-ia. B'b BHAy> 

B'b CKOpOM'b COblX'b XOBapa, TOprOBUU 

mmimum'a. 
OKOH4axe.ibHbifi paac4exi c'b TOproBuaMii Epynubie 

paai> B'b lOAy KI* CBaxofi HeAl^Jiii. KaR'b 
b BeAyTi> CBOH oco^bia RBHru. Cjiy4aH Dpoaail 
BecbMa pl^ARH. TojiLRo oAUBik cepeGpflHHK'b wajioBajca, 4XO 



T 



QOjy4HJi'b Acaerb. 3a Bsaxbifi y aero B'b Aoan* OAHHMTI xoproBUCM-b > 
xoBapi, Bcero na 700 p. Bnpo4eM'b 4acxb Aenerb (150 p.) li 

xoBapa eMy ROti RaKi) yAaiocb Bepuyxb 

opotfuujieHHHRH npu c6biT:k xoBapa xynuaii'b HH'aHa4a]OTb BV 
cpOR A<iu yoAaTbt A^Berb, BO npn dToarb HURaRBX'b 
Ha BbiAaexca; BCO A'^'SO ocHOBa^o na AOB-bpiu. 

IIpOHBOAH!UX'b B'b K/ieBOBCROIfb paftOBl) XOBap<3BT> 

BO pa3Boo6pa3Bb 

6ow4t^ntf/t VQwjH. (cocyAb), xpecxbi, pi3bi H Dpov.), <;epi3NM/i tfeMfi^i naft- 

BBKH, 



KO^eftBBRu; pa3AHMHiiie opeAMorbi JM^ BOAapxoB-b: 
. oe^aTB paaHuxi opii'b, aeccecepu. Bopo6xM 

7 ' 'A. 9 ' * 

ire4Rifl Beii(B. Urfc aoiora BUA'IMuBajoxca TOJibBe 
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25^80 K. CT> aOJlOTHHRa, BpeCTOBT. CT> 

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flaro BJiiaaia na nxi* 

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I -- CepeCpaaott Maccbi Ha. . . ...... ^^4*, ^ , 28 > -r- 

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nojiyHae'n> 109 p. 7,5 K. Ho cyMMa axa SHa-iHTejibHo 
, ecjiH npiiBHTfc.BT> pacqerb^HTO HS'b 12800 JHCT. fl,o 2000 JIHCT. nocxy- 
opaKi> T. e. HeftAy'n> B'h pKpacKY, a npp^aiOTCH na Btc'b, no ^5 K. 
<tyBrb, xairb HTO BM^CTO 90 p. npoBaBOAHTeJb nojiynaerb aa JIHCTLI 
'Bcero 43 p. 90 K., a BI AByxi HeA*JibiiLift nepioA'b noJiyMHTb, acero 63 
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ojioBO, noTOMi) CBUHeui), A cBepxy onaxb jiMorb OJIOBO. 

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50 60 p. Bit roAi* Ha RavAf^tH) npeAHpHHHMaxejia. ^' 

,1 Ko;[H4ecxBO e^AHeBHO BbiaycRaeacaro HS^ MacxepCRHrb 
TOBapa, ROHe<iBo, 6biBaerb ycjOBHO, HO rbMi HeMeu'be ero 

MOJRHO OHp^A'b'HTb AOBOJbHO BtpHO. ' . Oil 

>, pa(>oxaK>ii;iti cann. xpexefi ci> 
noRa3biBair] MuorojrbTHie OBUXH, oxAlb^ib 
ISOO AO liPpO opu^mi^;, xBRoit 3Ke nejuift, HO iiltox^uil iiacxepoRii, 
aa H9AOCTaTRQin Maxcpiaja, ttep^pafiaTUvaftrb B% roAi^ HC 601^ van* 
i80Q Qufw^^k. PJMMI^> tiyapiiiOAci'-gf y ffj^smujcb 

AO 




CKiuaBHaro MOSHO ii|>Hrum8iiTe4iRO AOBO^BBO 

OBIHHHOIII> 




Kpyrb qo 1 p. 50 
134/J68. Qojiarafl, 
Tpoe QTXoacHX> OBH>iHHHK00i> BUA'bAiiiBaio'rb BI roA'b xojibKO no 

TbICaiH QBHUHT*, a 489 OBVUBBnEOBli BUAtJlblBaiOTl> 244,500 

'beM'b HJLO. OTxosKnxi opotfuuiJieHiiHEOB'b pa'ant 
^pOH3BOAClBa paBHUM'b 366,750 p., a A< 'Tbx'b H Apyrnxi* 
5(/1018p. IIpaBAa. ii'l^KOTOpbie Haii Mlscxnux'bOBHHHHHEOB' 
E'bifOfit xea^e 2^7 uBHnH-b HH KaHCAaro pa6oTHHRa BI> uxi* MacTepcRofl, HO 
sa TO Apyrie, nonynaioii^ie OBMHHU BI ropOAaxi* H aa flpMapKaxi> pa- 
(ioTaiOTb 3HaHHTejii>no 6oj'1^e Toro, xaKi) HTO ii,Hpy, npHBeAeHHyio Bbiuie, 
HeAbsa ciHTaxb npeyBejiEMeuHoft H xliMTi Sojlie, HXO y H'bKoxopbixi> 

OBHHHHHROB1> HM'JblOTCil tMtfO^bMM. IIpOAaHBaa Bl> OAeih'A'k OB4HHa HAeXT* 

DO Op4ie Aoporoft ul^Hli, H:bMi> KaRaH yaaaaHa Bi) npHBeAeHHOMi> pac- 

Hexl^. KpOMlb xoro^ oxxome npOHUuiJieHHHRH, RaRi) 

nacxo npHBO^nrb AOHott OB4HHbi HJIR BbiAi^JRH, HXO xaRKe AOJH;HO 

JIHHHTL pa3&|l>pl> rO^LOBarO npOH3BpACXBa y M'bCXHUX'b OB4HH9a^OI|l>. ') 

' ' ' 



. IJo ycjiODioM'h cBoerp cymccxBOBaHia OBHHHHIJ^ iipoMiiiceJi> 
cxaBjuex'b HeMajo uHx^pecHbixi> cropou-b. HOMUMO xott xliCHofi CBB3H,. 
^KaRafl cymecxByerb McafAy M-bcxHoti H oxxonieft oopMott BeAenia 
Haro npoHbicja, liBxepecua eme cBfl3b OBqiiHHaro npoMHCja ci* 
,Mt4.w H mepcxoBa.iajiLHbiMi> npOMbicjiauD. IlepBaa, x. e. cBH3b OBHBHHanv 
/ npoubicjia c'b uiyoHbiMb, Ha6jiK)Aaexcu OOCXOHHRO, RaRii CROpo npoHS- 
HMlserb odopoxHufi nauuxaiit E'b HlicRUJibRO corb pyGieft. 3a- 



oui> 



H Apyraro. IJojyuiyfiRH, my(5bi n xyjiynu 
paobxaioxcfl H3'b noRynribix'b, BUAliJiaHiibix'b BT> cuoeft 



BbipaCoxaHHbie xoBapu cuuBaioica BI* yt3AHMXi> ropoAaxi K 
,MocROBCRoft ryCepniH H Ha apMapRaxi), CuBaion^Hxii BI^ .lonacH'b, IIo- 
TiOJibCK'k. CepnyxoB-b H x. K. /^ ^. . - . ^' i 

A , ' * J '^ir.nr- 'irftrrrnT. rvn it ;-.rr'r'-f!*!fr-rT.:-tnr .ra-rTsfi 

YcjiOBia Ha^Ma pa6oHHX'b oAHHaROBbi, RaRi* y nopxHux-b H RaR* y 



pa6oHHin.--nopxHuii'b Dojaraexca 



Bbicmifi oRjaAi) naiyHaK>xi> xojbRo jax/^oMtifuxu, HXO 
Racaexca upoHHxi> MacxepOB'b, xo 6ojibuiHHCxBO HXI nojiyiaexTi 
Baeie BI> .npeA'&^ax'b 70 80 p. H AO 120 p. V GojbmaBCXBa xoaa- 
yciaeHBbiJi paCoxu no lUHXbio OBHBBBofi OAeAU npoHBBOAAXca 
n Bi> Ba4a4db OCOBM, K0peui e oeeaH H auMa HAyxi> Ba BU- 
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Aaa oROJio 1 V| P., lay^Bun* nojyqaexi* noji3bi, CMOxpa oo 
3 5 p., HO eciH H3i Toro BbmecTb pacxoAu BH 



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llaxajioBa, CbaBOBa'^n 'Ap}/,'WjuHaK)Tca BHAHMOA 
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KapTyanaa H inanoMHaa MacTepcKaa BI> A- AioiiepOBoil. Biy aac* 
BpcMa (B'L iioa* 1881 rOAa) B'B osHaneHHoil BOJOCTa 
AO 25 Kapxyaubi^x'b H manoHabixi) saBeAeuift, H3'b 
7 cymecTByiOTTj cii A^BaHxi) nopi (50 60 JI*TT>)^ BC* JKC ocxaib- 
BO3aiiRJiH Bi> cpaBauxeABHO HeAdBaeeBpeMu: B'b nocj'&Aaia 5 15 x. 
TeiiepeuiaHxi> EapTy3aHKOB'b npeiKAe 3aHHMaJiHCb pa3- 
HO BCJi'bACTBie ynaAEa axoro nppMucjia, 6jaroAapa ae 
RpynabiMH aOpHEaaTaMH, iipeEpaTHjiH mcjiRO- 
H crajia 3aHHMatbca uiHibeai'b EapTy30Bi> 
6BOHxi> Toiao xaRace cTajH oOyqarb EapTyaaoMy ua- 

mejiRa CAerb Aaa^Tb HMit npejKaie 

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JI-bTb 1^ TOHy aaaaAii BCH KapTy3Haa paOoxa 6idja py^aaa, a BI 
apeHH Maorie npoMbioueaaHRH cxajin 3aBOAHTb y ce6fl mBettHua 
bi. IlepBaa mBeflaaH uamnaa aoflBHJiacb BI A. /(epraeBoit y xap- 
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Ero npmrbpb ae ocxajica 6e3i> noApanaaia, H BI aacxoan^ee Bpexa 
nojiOBHaa Rapxy3aHROBi> paCoxaexik aa mBeftHbizii Mamaaax'b; 
ae BI> cocToaaia npio6p1bcxH HX'b no HOAOcxaxRy cpeACXBi. 

Bi> nejiBoe BpeMfl mBefiBZiia Mamnabi (A'^ttcxayioiuia npn n 

npOAaeajracb no 150 py6. 3a KaiRAyio, a renepb ulbaa ynajia 
piy6. Tenepb mBeftaua MamHabi pa3abix'b copxoBi> pa3BO3HTi> no 

OAHHi* H3'b MOCROdCRaii ToproBi^eBih, npeA^araa npOMbiuijea- 
npio6p'6xaxb HXI* aa CfbAJioiAnx'b ycjiOBiaxit: npik noRynirb A^- 
B3aoci> 15 p., a aaT4Mi> ocxajibaaH cymia cxoaMOCTH 
Hamaabi paacpoHiiBaexcA yiuaxa iipoH3aoAKTCH no 5 p. 

<f 'j-' Kif t., ru'''itu| -Hi) ,rT*>{V 



Epottt Toro i3rTouMde 
cTprfc<iMTCf n jitMii HocKOKKon (1 

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npi qem i^ftua MamHHU, CToioiuett 70 py6., BoaBUinaerci 
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9 f * 

Bee 8TO odtflCHieTCfl CHIBHUMI* ynaAROHi* KapTyauaro 

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(i'''f '*'Tl1t*l'(T 't'-fr'!''! ' ' * 

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PaooxaTa d* padowm npoiiSBOAHxca ifCRjiK>4Bxe4i>BO 

;oBi> Ata y^BHeoia oKoa^ax^jibBaro pacnexa 
MacxepoMii H-bxit. , |^ 

R xenjbie M aMituiii uianRti. XdJoAHbie Rapxyau padoxaioxca ci* 

(15 aiitycTa), a ci> VcneBia AO Macjiafliiubi Ba- 
paCoxaxi. xenjibie Rapxysbt M luanttH. M^axcpia^'b cyRBO, RO- 
3bipbRiii, 6apxaxi)/ inejtROBaa Maxepia ]^Jl1i ..BxyjbeBi>'^, ROHca A^B ajo6- 
ORyoaexeu BI* MoCxRB']^ aa njion^HAH^ a OB^fBau: BI HiiWBearb 
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V I f^ f 

6ojfMnyio napxiio, nepenpoAaioxii oBiBBbi 
KHM-b BpOMLiiujieBHHRaM'b. OBMHBbi, ynoTpet)jneMbia 
eoptoBit: Mgpd^tin^a, cxOioatan 30-^50 ROQ. aa 
H JMtfKMico. K^TOiouvafl AO s* py6;'i 'y^'i i^ui 

'fe -_ ' f 19 , . 

, 1|KiIi' I'i^tlK /r:*.;->' 'M, >'"<!' ,' f^]'f''fTi '(':'.* 'L ttl it'r:1-ff^1\,ItTt .irViJ; '.if .i-ff 

^ II^Bbi RapxyGOB'b, ifa^-b xenjTMXT., xaKI. H XOJIOAHHXI, BecbMa 

- ,irrffu!n:; ^J ^ ^- *,. . - .,,.. ^ i 

V .jHHHbi: orb 15 Kori. AO 1 pyo. KapxV3^, cxoiotliift 15 Ron., A*^aexca w 

Cf t 1 . 11.^, '**. .-,,,. 

N icxapba, noRynacMaro na xojRyHR'b.*"**'* *^''''^'" ^"'^^"' '^^ '" " *"* "' 

,,, ^ __ ^ ...,M. ...:,.,. 

uianKB^oxi> 5(^ Koa. ji^a 3, py6. lia Rapxysi),. CTOIOUI.!^ 1 p>< 

7 Kpn. CjtliAOBaTejbi 
Rapxy3b ouofi;^OTCu BI* 70 xoqi, (no n] 

OAHB-b xopoiuili Macxepb Moate'rb cpaCoxaxb BI ACBb O'rb 6 AO 8 Kapxy- 
, CMOxpa no xii;axejibBocxM OXA'&.IRH H no copxy Kapxy3a. Ha uianRy, 
2 p., nottAcrb cyRna HJH oapxaxy Ba BepxymKy Ba 20 
30 Ron.. Bxyjibe 30 K.. OBHBBa 1 p. 25 Ron. CJi'bAOBaxejibHO. maoKa 

f ^ j f ' 

Rapxy3HHRy AO 1 p. 80 R. BCRycBbitt Macxepi* MoacexT* CA*- 

5 inanoiTb. Il3'b xHBHBCRofi OBmiBU, OjiaroAapa oa 
manRH A'bJiaioxca xojibRO no 3aRa3y. TaRi>, Banp., CCJIH 
jaxb niauKy Myxyto, x. e. Ce3i> dapxaxBaro HJH cyROBHaro sepxa, xo 
AJa Bea noxpe6yexca uliJiaa OBMHERB, cxowmaa 5 p., H xorAa mauKa 
upoAaexca ne MeB-be RaRT> 3a 7 py6. ; ; : *: ' '. ' 

^ ' ' C6biBaK)rb CBOH H3A'bjia Rapxy3BBRH xojbRO no 6iHaftniHM'b apuap- 

% w * * 

KaMii; Aax'be 100 Bepcrb (Aa H xo plvARo) BBRXO Be oxi>43X(8exi. Bi 
BloRBy 'b3Aun xojbRO A-sfl noRyuKH Maxepiajia, a x" c6uxa Rapxy30Bi< 
n iuanoRi> xyAa 'b3AH7'b xo.ibR( oAHni* npon binjjieBBHRi H3i A' 
; . U no cocliAHHM'b apMHpRaM'b 'b3AHXb He BaxoAarb 
Bpeaia pa3CHexa: ^c'b1^3ABnjb Ba apMapRy, npoAainb Ba 10 pyd., Aa H3i 
6ojbniyio nojoBHBy H3pacxoAyeiiib.*^ ;< , . -- 

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3BOAflTca Ha uajiuHHuu AeHbrn. HanQoji'he iteiakie 

oBHHBRH in> A^>-vrii y Rpynobixi* xapTysHiiROirb H BI aroorb 

20V0 aa py6j[b. KpexHfyjOTca, RaBi 
II AeHi>raM)i, SAliuiHie RapxyaHHKH y jcpecTbHU'b 
HuROJiau FepacBMOBa H KpHPxaHTHp 
ycjLOBiaxi: MeHlie M'bM'b 3a nojiyroAHmibfd cpoRib (ci> 20 
HHKeropOACKoit flpuapBu~*H AO FoncAecTBa IIAH Jipeuveuifl) 
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pHHaAJewFTTb KI HXT, cejii^cRorty o6ii;ecTByvecjiH tee 
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H ftlJTH ) nojiysaiorb CA'I^JibHyio uJiaTy cz mtMjmu KHpnii(|eiL 

ne oxAaiorb: o0UBHQBeHHO 



CT> COdOK) Ha paCOTy CBOHXl A*Teft (Ct 10 n ll^.^JrO BQ3- 

pacTa) H nocxeneHBO nayHaiq'rb HXT. paCoT 

CyqeHia ero KHpnnqHOMy nporisBOACTBy 
3A^ci> He dbiBOJio DpHM'bpa. TaiTb KaK'b pa6oTaioiiye 

yoHbixi) saBeAeHiaxi} M'bCTHbie RpecTi>flH.e, 
3a paooxy CAtJBHyio njiaxy, TO Bct OHH 2KHByxT> Ha CBQBXI .:^apHax'i>. 

3apa6oxoR'b OAHOFO pa6oxHnKa-RHpniiHHnKa MOKHO onpeA^* 
1 !*/> py6-? HteemHHa 3apa6axwBaexT> 5060 Kon., najioj*T- 
Hie 35 40 ROD. Bii A6Hi> H. CBonxi> xap^axi). dxo BbiHHcJieBiie noAXBepat- 
AaexcH KBEi) caMHMH xoeaeBaMH RHpanqHUKaiMH, xaR^ n paCo^iiiMH. Do 
paacHexy nocji'lkAHnxT> nexBepOM'b (MyxHuna, HteHn^HHa H 

npH cxapaniH Moryrb CA'l^Jraxb lOOO 8-yHTOBbLX'b 
xaRyio padoxy xoeaeBa njaxaxi. 2 py6. 50 Ron. AO 2 py6. 70 Kon, 
UyH BbiAliJiRl^ 6oJile xHHcejbix'b HJin 6ojiie jierEHxi) KEpDH^ett npnBeA^^H^ 
Baa a^tCL i;Ha>pa ABeBid^ro BapaGoxRa ocxaexca ueHSM^^Bpio, noxoiij 
Hxo jierRHxi* RBpnBMeii BUA'^JUBaexcfl Combine, a xaxcej^i^xi> 
DJiaxa xce yBejiB^HBaexca HJH yMeBbmaexca 



Buo HJiH yMCHbrneHK) B-bca. , 

DJiaxbi, nojyHaeMofi saeMBbi^B p|i$axHHKaMH 



' * 



1000 RHpnnqeli paajnMHaro B'l^ca, 

*^ '' - "' ';' cTb 1000 KBpnaqefl BI 3-;-4 yHxa ."^'y^ i*l p. 55 . , . . *-/ 

' t<;,>0.).'4 *J -,,v, 9 a A ijAiOfiit'j .^ 

^ *!*" ;.v * , ' <' M fl ^ ' ' .-*.*!' 

ir^.7;4j'i_>i , 5 :.|jQ ,| ^^;;?^^..^,^ 




(20 yHXn '.^ i^ 10 p. ^ K. 

:;-;^ ?rL'..;iM~i r -.Akq ,tp.fjvfOtH /jiJtfH-tW. 

3apa6oxByH) njiaxy pa5oqie nojynaiorb BI^ npOAOjaceBJie Bcero pa- 

BpeHeBu, a oROHMaxeJVHBifi pa3C4exi> DPOHBBOAI^XC^ TO^^KO 
pa3a BT> roA'b no OFOBHaHiH roORHia TJBHU (B-b Mapx*) B no 

(1 ceBxa6pa). Hep^AKO BMtcxo ACBen pa6o<iie 
pa3Hbie cT>*cxHwe npnnacbi, npuqeM-b depenia^BBaioxi) xo- 
AO 15*/p Ba pyGjb cpaBHBxejtbHo ci> cyn^ecxByipn^BMB Ba pbiBi^ 
. Xo3fleBa iinpnHHHbixT> aaBeACHifi roBoparb, ixo noiyqeaie xap- 
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BeBad'&xfBo yifie noxoHy, ^xo BT foisiAaBlB ycjioBjeBaaro cpoxa 
OROBiaxe4iiiofi pacn^axu ci* xoaai^aoMii pfi6o<iey He npeACTaBiaeTca 
JK^aMoatHocxH nposo^MBTb cane c^iiftikrT&o. t ' 

pHooiie iimxf;UTc tn> AOary 7 xoaacrb. HpB xopomeirk 
5uai>rb 



y xpyrar<v; npR arom HOBuirfc xosiiHoirb 
elk Miiibc^ 'xbiii^, <iiicjiiii^arccji y opeKHiro x03<fiHa sa pa6oTHHKoirb. 
Hb cjry^alt tio)|o6Hiiix'b nepexoAOin BecbMa P'^AEH H Baaocii xoJira A^aet 
cil tbiiiib ia o^enb Hcsycaaro nacrepa. 

li^iri>QnMHirKH R^XOA^TCH DOHTH HI Taxoft ne aaHHCHMOCTH 
nptiMiiiuiieHHRROBi>, Rnrb H HaeMBtde pa6o4ie. OHH 
ji^iltiHr B^ AoxlF^ liOpiiAoHBiiiifH cyuMaMH, o^aayHCb AOCTBBiaTi> 



BI> 



4to M&iRie RHpnnqRHRH npOAaiorb CBOH RHpDHHH 
6e3i> oQiRHraBia. 8x0 oGbiRROBeiiHO 



RJIH npu 



paacqeti>, BO 
caMOHy npoMbiiuJLeHHHRy 1000 uiTyK-b 8 *yHTOBUXT> 



rjiiiHa Ra . . . . . . , j 

MacTepy ci. noApyHHUMH . ... 

3a onpaBRy RHpURMett no BbiRyxiR nxi RST* 



6 p. K. 

^^ ^ 70 ^ 
55 



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.p PeMORTi> noMtmeRifl H opyAift (npH6jiR3Hxejibno .^^^./f-jy,, 50 ^ 
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npH AOCxaBH'b Ba Mtcxo, Harpy3Ra H Burpyana. 7 p. R., 

npo- 



Ht6ro 1000 



y^'l^'^* iifV^^V^^i^'H* 22 p. 75_R. ' 



8 yRTOBbixT> ERpnRMeft npOAaexca BT, MocKBli 3a 28 py6. 
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lOOO ). - 7 ' . ---^.^^ ..... --....-.:.. :_^...._: 

1 




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Ra JOioaAHX'b lOOo RHpnRHett BI> MocRBy RyjRRO 3anjiaxRXb Re 
10 p., xorAa RaRi> no ]Reji1b3Roii Aoporli AocxaBRa RX'b o6ot(Aexci 
7 py6. KapnRHR c^biBaioxca B-b MOCRU^ xoproBiiaifb B-b pa3 
a TaRwe H AOMOBjiaAlbjbi;aM'i. HaR6ojite RpynRue 

BM^KKTb CBOR CRJIHAbI Bl MOCRB^, RpeHUyn^eCXBeRRO B6jR3R 

AOporR. . ^;. ,^,1 

HejRRMH npdMiiinieRRiiRaHR RRpoHqa Ha Mdber^ Re 
OTA'bjaRRbiMH 6e3i o5Rr8Rifl (cbipi^eMi*) u^Ra Re npeBbima- 
pyO' aa TUCAHy ^ yRxoBbix'b RRpnRqefi. IIpHRRMaH CXORMOCX^ 
Ra 1<)00 Bi> 5 py6. H niaxy 3a pa6oxy 2 p. 70 R., Mbi 



on 



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1000 8 

7 p 70 R., a oH-b c6uBaerb Hxi aa 7V, py<^-t' 
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paopxaioiMie QBOHMH ceneficTBaNHv ue ap<Qic|i|ki^aj^T^. EHp- 
npOH3BOACTBa. norony HTO, KaKi^ ywe 
pa6oTy HH BO MTQ He u^Harb v opoiibi^4i cjiyxcurb 
H00Jii>uiuM'b noAcnopi>eM'b npu 
t ilpoAawa KnpnHseti BTI MOCKB* H 

Ba iiajHHHbia A^Hbru^ caMH i]{^OMiiiuiJieBHmc|i 
HO KpCAHxyioTca, HecMoxpa Ha SHa^MxeJiwioe MRQ^O 
3aBeA6iiiii !> Hacj'&AycMoii M*CXHOCXH, 
oxcyxcxBie KpeAuxa. TojbKO BecLna HCMHorie Kpynnue 
3a6Hpaioxi> !> AOJiri> BI> MOCKB-J^ ;<;'b'bcxHbie opunacbi, 






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MB JO, xaRi) KHR'b pacnjiaxa BeAexca npenMyii^ecxBeHHo xap^iaira. 

BJiiauia caMbiii DpoMbicej'b ua 3AopOBbe He 
ue nonccjiaxb, nxoObi ycjuoBia, npH Roxopbixi) oBi> 

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MocROBCRotI ry6epBiH, a HMeBHo: cpeAH RpecxbEHi) ceia BopBcoaa, 

BO40CXH, /|.HBTpOBCRaro y'63Aa. 

3AliCb RBpDR4Eaio npoubiCJia 
6LiBaHia cbiparo Maxepiaia, aax^ifh yAodcxBO c6bixa 

o6'bacHaex'b BaMi> no^ieHy RHpaR<iubiit 
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6 10 xbiCflHi MtuMaro, 8 -8 ^yuxoBaro EBpnHHa (RpyoEfdii 
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xbicfliy noiaraexcfl 6 7 p. IlpOAawn^ie RRpnRn> no BO4[bRofi 

3a xbicfliy 8 9 p. i :^ K. 

If, MajiococxoflxejibRbie npoH3BOARxeJiR, RaKi> sanp., Hjibfl BacRjLbeBi, 

npOABH)Xl> RRpnRHR COCl^AflMl> CMptlO^d XIQ 23 3a 
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AWV* '-a. , . 1 - .f - ^. . : -\.^ . ' .- 1,' V,T 

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. CapaH RRpnRHHHRR i;*BaxT> no 8 ^ lo p., o6HraTejiB- 

no 25 30 p., <opMbi j^Jiti BbipaCoxRH 
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npHMbiRaerb CTOJii AJIHHOIO OROJO 2-x'b, mHpHHOio OROJUO 1 
3a TaRMHH'CTOjavH ea npoTHBonojtoutHbix'b Apyri> orb Apyra 
pa5oHie. 3aHBiiaioii^iecfl npOMbiBROio RHineRi>. CpeAH 

crairorK, Ba ROTOpoMi npOHCxoAHirb Rpyqenie RHineirb. Kpovli 

miieTCfi en^e ^ymtu^M^, o4eBb MajeBbRoe 
6 apin. RBaxp., tt^ pycevoit neMRoio. OymHJbBH Ba3Ba<iaioTCii 
Ba paafRii RHoieRi*. .. 

B-bcROJibRo cjnoBit o enocoOH Ao6iavnBii cTpyBBBRanH 



,t 



-H^l! 0^^ BMUIM AieKcieM IToBitoia 1 eeM. 17 MM., y HIM* EropoM BOMMMI t 
tv. 1 IB HMJi., y MixanJA HHKOJMU 1 COM. 6 uaeM. j AnBTpU MXB|JOM 1 ten. 
Bck oananeHHuc upAHaBOAiiTeji scMaen aannBABTca caB, Hftpami ci CMHUI 



^uo 

> ' ..ri.i,jj*''~ ^ - 

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MRTepiaja ciyvarb UVHUI ry6epHiK, 
8iia4RTejiiHhix'b paairkpazi* paasHTO OBAeBOACTBO. Tyxa BI oceHeee 

HanHeaeTCfl ,6MTbe OBefti*, npi^axaipTb cTpyHHHiH x'* c6opa m- 
. OHH DpflMO oCpaii^aiOTca irb HaBlicTHbiifb OBC^eBOAaMi*, ci KOTO- 
paflbme yxe BOUUH BI c^'biKy. Co6paBmH orb yCHTbizit oBeu> 

KHUKH H HibCKOJbKO OTHHCTHB1> HXl, CT{iyHHHRH nepeOpaBJfllOrb BCCb. 

TOBapi> Bi) PocTOBi Ha AoHy, FA'b y HHX'b aaBCAeBO rjaBBoe 
. 3A'bcb KHuiRH HaHHCTO BbiMbiBaiOTCfl; iyfiuift coprb 

, cojiHTCfl H OTnpaBJtfleTCfl 3a rpauimy A^IH cocHceirb, Bce 
KOJimecTBo RHineirb oT^HU^aeTOi, yRjaAbiBaexcH BI> 6o<iRH, n 
OTnpaBjfleTca ffOMoii. He jiHiuHHifb 6yAeTb yRaaaxb 



paacxoHHie AO M'bcTa Ha^HaMeHia, CTpyuHHRH npH 
eAOCTOponfHOCTaxv4yW!t^'rb AoCiHTbca xoro, Hxo6bi 
He HdAaBaji} yAyuiJHBaro aanaxa. Bca HXI* naAexcAft BO3jaraexca na MO 
HO oHi> He BcerAa BbiAep]RHBaexi>; roAa Asa xony 
rro (>oqKaf ei* , TOBapoMit BCji<hACTM/e oxxeqejiii 

Ha wej-Jb^Hoti Aopori^ coTaBH4H D04HueflcKifl 
CO Hcj^i* coAepx(HMbi!yfi> Cujia aaKaeaHa. fii> 

500 pyfijiettwH IIKHHOOIHI UK I .. / A- , 
Byaaexca 60^1^6 H^m> oxi 250.000 
KHUIBH oxi> wtiav 

10 20 pyd. 3a 1000, OTT* pyccRHx-b 20 30 p., RaAMbiuR^x-b 30 60 p. 
Be-^ RHuiRH RajiMuuBHX'b oBeu'b> u OTHHcxH pyccKMX'b oxupaBiHKrrcH 
rpaaimy. .M i*f&ii''rw>*(.T 'j-iH tcf f r 

AOMa MaxepifU-b iipavo noccrynHexi. BT> 
Bcero ORypHBaexca ctpoio, orb qero RHoiRfl 
xtAiii.iixi> BAOJib pa3p^3aiogn na AB* nojiOB0$bi H 
ii,pOMbiBaK)Ti 4 paaa. Bii noA'b ci> aoTaoieMi* '.0 o^Hiuaiorb ox7> JHKpa^; 
noeji^ xoro RHiuRa nocxyaaexi>, Ha RpyxHjibHufi cxaaoROii, ycxpottcTBO> 
Roxoparo cj'bAyi^MUie: Gojbiuoe 3y6Haxoe ROjeco, BI* '/4.. 
conpuRacaexcM ci* 6-10 xaRVMn iiaieHbBHim RO4ecBibaMft. B4iimoe 

y ce()a Hii'texii pyHMyyirh najiaHbKia Rt^aecMRH o.jimeiioii. CXQ- 
BOHxo no RpioqBy. OraiioRii noMlkmaexea: oxa> ao^y: HA V. apwHn 



CpycBaxii Rorropoft' 
Hbia AMpbH, Ki* Roxopbia HcxaBJHioxca na4o*iBif5 ut* 

ioeBi*. TaBBMi* o6paBoirb OAHHI> ROHem> RIUMIH npBBB suBftexca RI 
aa BOJecHrb, aarbii-k RHuiRa gaA'fcBaeTca aa ntiJioHBy irk. pauR 

npRBBdUBaexcH Rit RpioHKy Apyraro Rojeca, 
nocj'b Hero Rojeca opKBi^AttTrii B> BpaiuaxejbHoe 

Dpi- 

irk pluicii 3S na^nii^. tfm ojlt^f Pi^n^ mtBrHBa^rea ;iu 
TOTO 




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y 

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6ajiajae<iHUji, cKpHOHq^HA, 

, .MHa> KOtdt^ifti^ Re iipein,tiinir& 



>Be ^'ua '^ctwrndi, a T^yKAHiii npH notpt^crte^ iiajiorRii caituirb 

o6pa30ik*b BsrotOBXHio^cir erpyHia inep- 
, ri(cjto tnm^tii BI> kbrbpuki oi^' ''4 
AO (30 6oji^: AJniiia e Tai^Brb ctpytol!. birt 2^x1* RO 16 Hp- 

cip7B6t 'okiHtaaioTeH nekaoio, ca'3i>kBaioTCfl 
pav<iin>. Bee 



npo- 

6yBTOBi> aaBHMaiotcfl Majiojitiiiie, RaRi> ceuettcKie, 
B B^eii6u<6. HaeMRue pa6oqie y CTpyBBiiHOBi* paaAj^Jifliotcfl na rb- 
R aiiHHBx'b; nepBbie nojyiaiorb' orb 7S'At>' I'OO* py6..' BTopbie, 
pa5oTaioiuie OTI> 14 CeBTik6pfi AO Haci^ij; no'jlyiaiDti 4050 py6. 
gM3flftcKRxi> xapnaxi*. Majioji'bTRie, Rairb R 5oJibniie, 
H 3IIMHRMR: nepBbie noJiyHaiorb OTb 30 AO 50 p., BTOpue 10 AO 15 p. 

pa6oTHRRR Bi* jfbTHee BpeBia RcnpaBJifliorb nojieBbia xo> 

Be npOR3BOABTCji. 

8TOMy ci^Ayioii^aa: RRIBRR, roARbia BI> padoTy, BeodxoARMO 
^OJiXBbi 6biTb CB'bacRMR; Bit 3RaiBee BpeMa, aaxoAacb Ba Mopoal}, oum. 
ee nopxaTca, BTt juixHee xe Bpeiia A<IB coxpaBCBifl orb nop^H 
TpeOyiOTb ocoCaro noMlbii^eBia, RaxoBaro y CTpyBBRROBi* Be 
H noaxoNy Bce ROJIRMCCXBO aanaceBuaro uaxepiajia OBB 
Depepa6axbiBaioxT> BT> xeieaie 



xpe6yexca 

Ha ycxpoftcxBo MacxepcRoft R cyuiRjiRR. . . 500 p. 

KpyXRJbBblft CXaBORl* CXORrb ...... 10 > 

10 paMORi> no 1 p. ......... 10 



RanRxaiik, cMoxpa no RoiRiecxBy noRynaeiibix'b 
), 6yAerb paBRaxbca orb 1 AO 3 xbica^b py5jieit. TaKaa 
eaa aaxpaxa RanRxaaa BbiabiBaexca rfeirb odcxoaxejbcxBOirb, ^xo 
B03MOSBO noKynaxb xojn>KO vb OABO B3Bl^cxBoe Bpesia roAa, a 
axejibBo npeAnpRBRMaxe.ib AO-ixeRit A'^'iATb aanacii Maxepiaja Ba 
pa6o<iiii 

C6un 



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ii> 

Ha> Bcero KOjp<iecTBa eiceroAHo 
HACTb, HMeiiHO orb cTa TucA 
9a rpaBii^y, nepepafioTKt^ ive na 
^50.000 oBeui*, npeHMyiuecTBeaBo H3i> 
orb 10 Ao 30 pyOji. ^a 
rydepBiH cuparo 



yxe cxaaano, 
DOXBepraiOTCfl 
copToo^;' j^:bBa 
o(^pa80ii'b 
nepepaGaxuBaiorb 



ua 3 T. py6., HTO xe sacaeTCii ^'BRBOOTJI 
Bit roAi* xoBapa, TO ee MOVHO B 
: KHIURH orb oAHofi OBUU Bi) BUA'^B'^^ (cxpyBaMii) 
cpeAuiiui> HucJiQU'b oKOJio IP K. (14,,g), *) c4ltAOBaTeJii>HOy 3a Q?pyHu orb. 
TUCflHU OBeui> npu npOAHxclb Bbipynaexcfl ORO^O. 143 p., a 07% 150.000* 
OBeui>, ecjH 6u He cjynajioeb Opaay. nopqn, AOJiKHa BupynaxiiCH 
AO 21450 p. 'TasHM-b o6pa303i'bU'b|r^oc^roAOBHr5 
MacxepCBux'b MOHCHO CM-bjo oojiaraxb BV.20jrrrpy6.4tj 



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oKKnoV^H -J3 .YT'/0^4 J'tfVutQ^'i Jul^i"'* /^j^&oVtlji.i V^'^-'^'^ ^''H*'*'*!^^ / 

^ )'- -..;};.-. i^^^.?.; t''^j':-v;. > ?.>../ 1%. 4..jA,v: ,;v -r-;VjL' i-iy'i"ii*^^-^ '>'''- '^-^ -' 
tt'lXK^i .1: r-7 " .rfi; .fit tKl-^-.t W' ilTW?l WHifeJtuft/ 

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. 110 ftp. 4 f. 



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PyacKiiro ybSAa: 3o6oB'& H KaneHKaxi*. IIoflBjieHie upoiiu- 
jia OTHOcHTca m* 1820 roxy, Rorxa 3o5oRCKitt RpecTbHHHH'b, 
TaBtnitf 611 CBOHMH 6paTbflMH aa xpyoo^iHoirb 
xyni^a AraOHOBa, na KpyTHAaxik, no RaRHMi>-TO 
oOcTOflTejibCTBaM'b ocxajiCfl na 3HMy AOMa, H BI> nepButi paai* na- 
A'^b pa6oTaTb TpyCxfi. Bi c. KaneeRH npOH3BOACTBO npOHHKxa 
ye Bi* 1823 roAy, 6jiaroAapa RpecTbaunHy H3'b c. KaiieHORi> KpeMie- 
BY, KOTOpufi 6b!Ji'b noApyHftuifb y BeAOpa TapacoBa. 

' FoBOpflTb, HTO AO i860 k^yOOHHblft TOBapT. dbllT* BT> OOAbUIOM'b XOAJ 

BCJi'bACTBie qero nojioiReHie npoH3BOAHTejieft Tpy6oR'b 6bij[o HaHjy^iinee. 
CBOH TOBapbi OHH BO3MjiH aa npOAasy Kpoirb MOCRBH, eii^e BI C.-Ile- 
,.<Tep6yprb, Opesdyprb, OAeccy H T. A* Ha CROIIKO cpaBHHTeu>HO BW- 
?r<^ roAHo <>bijo 3aHflTie TpyOoHHum* npoH3BOACTBOii'b BHAHO H3'b Toro, HTO 
V TpyCRH, KOTOpbifl Tcnepb npoAaioTCfl no 2 p. 3a TuoHy, BI TO Bpeiifl 
4 npOAaBaaacb oo 20 p. (accHra.) Btt BaAy B&icoRott AOxoAaocxu OTI npo- 
I'^i^vMUCjia xii aeMy nocxeneaao odpaTUJiocb no^ixa Bce aacejieaie Sodbaa 
UaMeaoRi>. Ob 1860 roAa CTBJia BZOAHTb Bce BI 6ojibuiee a 6ojbniee yno- 
Tpe5jieaie nanapocbi, cib- noiBjeniteMii axi} A^Ja Tpy6o(iHaROBi aa^iaiK- 
, xaRi> HXO BI* aacxoan^ee BpeMa BI> o6oaxi> cejeaiaxi* eABa aa- 
^ia A<!fa 17 MacxepcRaxi>, CTt 26 ceMeficRHMH H 2 
. OxaocaxejibHO aaeMauxit paConaxii ne lamaaM'b 6yAerb 
irbxaTB, ^xo BI xpy 6o(iauxi> MacxepcRaxii qacio HXI H BT* npenraee 



npoueaxi. '* 



Karb npeAe, xaRi> a xenepb paCo^aua noMlkn^eaiaMa y xpy5o<i- 
HBiaioxca xcaibifl a36bi. jlja ^opiiOBaaia xpy6oRi> pa6o(iie noJbay- 

ft A * A 

laBRana, AJia 3aroxoBjeaifl riaau nojaiiB, AJia npocymRa Bbipa- 
(k>xaaaaro cbipba ynoxpe^jaioxca noiRB, najaxi a, uaRoaeu'b, n-bcxa 
'aa neqaxi. OGxaraaie xpy6oRi acerAa npoB3BOABxca BI oco6iiix'b rop- 
Hail). Popao xpy6oiaBROBi> aiilexii 6ojbmoe CXOACXBO CT o6xBra- 
TejbaoK) neil>io A^* Rapnvqet, xojbRO oai 3aaHBxejbao Heabmaro paa- 
Mtpa. BepxaiJt apyci, T. e. ooiitii^eaie A" xpy6orb, BM'bexit lynoio- 
o5pa3ayiD opiiy. oao o6bU(BOBeaao A'^'Ji&^TCM B3i> riaau. 

A 4 w 

aa 25 xucaTb xpyOorb. 



820 - 

rji<iBHy<it -MaTepiajriv, y Tpy5oMHHKOin, 
aaumnaerb BI ce6^ MHOFO necvy H nejcaro xaMHi, TO 
Bit HacTOin^ee BpeMfl depyn* rjniHy m x. U^eiROBft, aiarx aa 

orb 40 ROn.; BI Dpexuee Bpeiifl, Kor^a Ha rpydxH 6ujrb 5ojiLiaot 
, rj8Hy BO3HJIH H8'b*noA'b MovatlcRa, Bepcrb aa 40. 



nponecci> Tpy6o<iHaro nponaBO^Tea pacnaAaercn na 
mXftJbHi>ixi> cdHte^r llffQWeJ Wfim)> ny^i Q :t$l> 
mj^ A<iii Hero naB'bcTHoe KOJiH^iecTBO en RiaffeTca ua Aon^axbift U^HTB Ha 
iiajy uadbi. 3A^Cb'TjiHHy CHanaja cMaHflBa^rb BOAOIO, aaT'bM'b AOJro 
o(5yxoM'b Touopa. 06pa30BaBi> nepeROJio<ieBHbiii TaB|iM^ o6pa- 
ojacrb, Tpy6oqHHRi> pa3py6a|'i;i, ero TonopOM-b na na- 

epeB04Koit Ha 6QJlbe , Me4Rifl 
na TaRifl AOJIB, HM^IOIAIH <i>opMy Ry- 
Tpe6yiOTCfl j(Jin oOpa309aHifl 
eocTRBjifle'rb ye HOByio onepauiio BI 



Bbipa'6oTK>t xpyCoR'b, MeTajiiHMecRafl; OHa 

^ ibbCTOHTb U31} AByXT* nOlOBHROR^, ROTOpbifl OpeA'b p^OOTOft CMaablBaiOTCfl 

JiH Toro, 4To6tii rxHBa jymiie oTTHCHHjacb Bi) <opMaxi>, npo- 
ynOTpe6jiflK)Tb naiReuifbiii Bnurb. 

.'.tuu:::- ' ..ii-i;' ^MW<f L; ,c* ju yj ; a:-j..'.vj u^initiiiu'', i -^ ; 
, . . 1 t f f ^ ^ ' * 

*<i>-..;)T*oaiHOfe dTBCpette -BI. Tpythrb noxyqaercH orb Toro, <!To 

rjiHHbi, saRJuoHeuRiaHii B'b opMy, 
necTHRi*, c*!* ROTOpbiMii oopua H nocxynaernb noAi* 
Hu MaiuHBRdb Tpy6RB nepeAaioTca 
JiaxHeaerb na BHX% mBu H 
iu. OTpa6orraiiH6iu TaKUMi> o6pa3O]ii> 

Ha cyuiKy, IUH 4tiACtn<tutanie,' ROTOpoe npoAOJiH^aeTCfl AO cyroRi* H 
aocji'b Hero HXI* nou'bii^aioTb BI> ropH'b. 'M^ 



ia 25 TUCflHi. TpyooRi. ynpxpedjifleTCfl ApOBi* AQ './ *y 



ropa'b ocTbiBaeT-b, nocji'b Hero ero BurpeOaiorb. Bi> 
ocThiBaeTb TOJbKO Bi) 3fiM|iee xojioABoe BpeMa, JI^TOMI* xe B& oc- 
yxoAurb BpeMCHH orb Auyxi) ,AO Tpftxi* cyTORi*. 
RpacflTCfl DOtfoiuiH) Bo;iocpiioft II^QTOHRH cypnROM'b, 



-^- ^ 

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Tpe()yeTCfl H&i'bTb Tpy6RH nepRaro UB'bTa, TO DpOH3BOAHTeJH 

TaRott npieM'b) HTO ape^'b BUXOAOMI* B3'b ropHa^ T. e. .FL ; 
1^ o6Hra, H'b Hero onycRaion 6yTbiJRy ci AerTeMit, DOCJT^ Hero 
Ha i5 Tfeii*fi Tpydorb AerT oojaraeTCH 3 /f . "^^,!^^' 

H oGopOTBbltl iai1)|Ta4'b nil T|>y6OHHOMl npOMblCJitt XO- ^ 



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a, KpoM'b nepeHHCjeHBaro Tpydo^BBRam* Tpeoyerca 

n.'bBBbix'b npeAnexoBit, Kasit-To: BepeBO<iKa 
p:^3aHifl {rjBBbi, AepeBSBBaa ROJOTymKa, npOBOJO<iBaji 
necTBKi* H KCJi^SBafl npOROBupKa. IIpBBEiiaji 
Bcizi> BTHXI* Ben^eft H nojarafl, HTO RaxAA^ 
HBI^TL no Aol^ ^opMbi, yBRAnMi>, HTO ocHOBBoft 
-Tajii Tpy6o4BBRa AOCTBraerb AO 20 p., BO Be Oojiie. Boibinafl 
ByjKHMXi) Bi> npOHaBOACTB-b opyAift A'bJiaeTCfl caMBME 
HaeMBue BHBTU pa6oTaiOTCfl Ml^cTHbiafb RysBei^oitrb, opMbi xe 

HAOBa, cojA^TRa Bapaapa PoAiOBOBa, ROTOpai 
TaRoe aeaBie orb CBoero oxua. . t 

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O5opoxHbifl Ranux^ji* y xpy6oHBBROBii xonre A^BOJbHO Be3Ba<iB-Ht 
*. TaKT., Ba napxiio BT. 25 x. xpy6oRi xpeSyexca ApOB'b Ba 75 K., ^. 
Ba 40 Ron., BocRy V| ^. BA 65 ROD., HpacRB Ba 33 ROB., Macjia 
Ba 45 ROD., BOjioci* A<i> lAexRB Ba 25 ROD., Ba ocB-bu^enie BO Bpem >., 
BbipaCoxRH 25 X. xpy6oRi> RepocBHy 9 o. Ba 72 R., Ba xapqB aa 
pa6oxi> 7 p. 20 R. TaRBMi> oOpaaoifb, ecju Be ciBxaxb CXOBMOCXB 
cxaBRH xoBapa vTt MocRBy BJH Ba Apyrott puBOR-b, xaRi> Rarb 
xenepb iacxo npOAaexcH Ba Mlicrb, o6opoxBbift RanBxaiii BI> 

npOMbici'b 6yAexi> paBBHxbcii lO p. 85 ROD. Ba MacxepCRyio. 8xoro 
BnojB'b AocxaxoiBO A<" ^ 7 BeAliibBaro o6opoxa. * "L? 
paanipaMB aapadoTROBit, RaEie Hvbiox^ an 



Pa6oxafl BI* cyxRB AO 12 iacoBi>, Macxepitcik noApyiBUM'b 
exeABeBBO AO 500 mxyrb cupbixit Tpy6oRi, cjrfcA. 25 x. xpy6orfcy 
oABoro ofivira, xpy6o<iBBRH Bbipa6oTaK>Tb BI xeneBie 50 
RpoMi) xoro y BBXI* yxoA^Tb en^e 1 A^Hb Ba aaroxoBcy FJHBU 
Ba ouxHPb, a- acero A^> Bbipa6oxRB 25 x. xpy6oRi> ooxpefiyeTOi 
pafio^Hxi* AO 53 pa6o<iBrb AHett. CaiiHirb BpoBaBOAMxeji% 
BOJiMecxDO xosapa, Rarb yRaaaBO 6biJO Bume, o({xoArrcf % 
OKOJO 11 p. RcjM xpy0iB npoAaioxci Ba Mterfe, xo aa TMCIIJ 



I^i'^v ' ;>- 



6070 on., HJH 15 i7Vt p- 
npOAaeTC*! DT* Mocset, TO napTiir 
BO3i> AO MocRBU i^iHHTca Bi* 4 p. TaRHMi> 
iii cait-b ffpyrb, aa 6 7 



25 liica^n.; ecjH xe TO- 
20ii 25' {^7^*; npo 
, pa6o- 
KpOM* CTOHMOCTH 



ifl nojiyqaeTi> nojif>3U 4 9 p. Ilojiaraa BT. ro^y 
6 7 oCopoTOB-b, yBHAHSTb, HTo <iHCTfcift i^bxoBoft sapaCoToiTb Tpy- 

paBHflexca 25 63 p. Ha MacxepCKyfo. 
Pa6o4ift Toji'b Tpy6o?HHROB'b o^utLu&eTb co5oH> 
eHTa6p{i, no ydopR'!^ xji^da, n AO DacxK. Bupa^aTUBacMbta 

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flJH orb iV^ AO 2 p. Bi> BCAl^JiK). Coo6pa3Bo ci> dTBMH pacHexaMH no 
jiaraeTca H u'bcaHBoe HcajiOBaBle BaeMiibiMi> paooHHifb*, xaK-b, npn 

ycjoniaxib pbiBRa wx.'b MlicaHBoe HcajoBaaie G J8 
xo3aiicRHxi> ^xapHaxi). Co6cTBeBBO rocopu, npn 

Hfffl ^^^Pk I^U 71 ^ k IT ^Sf f^ D ^1 ft V^l ^T^lb O X2 Ck U Ul T^ft Tl L D tf t t> T^l WTT C^ 

xnOv^^ A ^^ I'Cv JIL \JvlA JKi V^ ^1 n ^J ^jm X JD o m\ f\ ! ft C^ffAf^ d % jy f M "^-^ ^3 

eCJIH BT. A'^^^TBBTeJlbBOCTU Obi BBC rb BP TaKT*. TO BTO 

C'V 

orb Toro, HTO y paCoqaro BeecerAa TO ecTb AOCTaTOHBoe 



t V 

CTBO A'^JA^ noHeiiy OBI> BeouxoAUMO AOJiHiCBi) A'^-IBTH npo^i/Abt. mu ycHr 
cnpoc^ Ba TOBap'b Tiiai-b MMCBBO M u-feaaTca paooMHMM, HTO 



Bpeufl OBH nnojiujb GbiBaiorb ooeaoeMeBhi pa6oToti; noBbiuieBie 3a- 
paooTBoit njaTbi nrpaegrb cpauHHTCJibHO MCBbujyio pojib BT* onpcA'tJe-f 
ph3M'bpa cpeABan) roAonaro 3apa6oTKa paoo'iflxT.. rJojyHae^oe no- 

HCTO^BH- 



Aoxo^bi, nojyHaeMhie caaiHMH npenpHaBMatejiaMii, 
BO3MOH(BO. IIo opiiM'IbpBOMy pacHGTy, A'b-iaeMOMy paooHUMH, orb <fryBTa / 
KaBHTe;iH BT* nojibay upeAnpuBUMaTeja ocTaeTca 5 r20 R., cMOTpa no 
"CopTy TOBapa. MMt>a BI> fiuAy, HCAtJbBbift 3apaooTOK'b pa6oHaro, 

npOH3BOAHMblX'h HMl) Bl> TCHeBie BeAl^JIH II3A'b<liii.MOH(BO 

, HTO nojib3a xo3fleHii orb BaeMBbixT* paOoHUxi* orb 80 R. AOXQ[^ 

' * "^ T. 

1 Vn p* 0^ .^eA'bJiK) orb 



y<ieRiiRH BaGHpaiOTCfl MajbHHRH OTT 9 j-bTBaro B03pacTa*, cpoKi* 
3 4 roAa. CoAepKaBie yncBHRa xoaaiicKoe; no oROBHaBiu cpORa 
y<ieBid AacTca eAHBOBpeueHBoe B03narpaH;A<^Hie AO 20 p. KojiunecTBo 

cTapniHMR yqeBiiRauH' ii3A'ibJiitt paBBacTca Tony, HTO 
n njioxofi MitCTepii. TaRi>, cepe5paBpft RaauTejiH, ouja- 
no 2*/4 R. 3a 3OJiotBHRi>, xopoinitt Macxepii npii pa6orb Hpe3i 
BbiroMnerik BI> ACBI* Ao 60 3aaoTB., njioxott MacTepi* H CTapuiift 
TolbKO 30 iO 3oiOTHBROBi. , , " ' 



Pa6oHiit roAit xaHiiTeabmaROB'b HaHMBaoTcs ci> ceaiiOpg, ROBtaeTCi 



jai- 



npoicuniieHBUxi ^AHHun* irii yt9X&z% MOCKOBCK. 
KOTOpux'b Biiipa6aTiiiBaiOTCfl pfllajtiqHue copra KaaHraiH, no 
1861 r. Earb yze cKaaano, nacHHTuiiaiocb 66; o5ii;(ee KO- 

Bl> EUJL'b 6iiUO 670 



86 npHHHMaiorb yqacTia BI* nponaBOACTB'b. BaiOByio CTOHnocTb 

' ^ _ ^ ' 

ona MoseTb 6biTb BbiBeABHa ci1^AyK>n;HM'b oGpaaoMii: aa 9 pa- 
^'^c^Uftjfb paOoqeMy, nojiyqaiou^eiiy aa CBott xpyAi* noBpeiieH* 
HyK) njaxy 6 8 p. BI> M'bcai^'b, BbinjiaqEBaeica (BZ TOMI* qncxb H co- 
ie ero) AO 100 p. ECJIH AonycTHXb, qxo padoqaa niaxa npeAcra* 
co6oio orb V4 AO '/7 npOAa!KHott u'l^Hbi xoBapa., xo cpeAHam ro- 
BbipaGoTKB OAHoro paooHaro oapeA'bJiHxca B-b 550 p.; noMHoxaji 

A 'X J'* A* 

8X0 qHCJio Ha o6ii;ee HHCAO paooHHxi*, nojiyqHBTb roAOByio Bbipa6oxKj 
paBHOK) 368,500 py6jiHM'b. Ki) noAoCHony Ke BLIBOJ^ MOSHO npHAXH^ 
ocHOBUBaxbCfl H Ha cxoHMOCxH npOHaBOAUMaro BV OAHHi) A^^^ p^ 
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o nponaeoACTB'b, HaB'^CTHOscb vb ny6iHirib noAi> HMeeeirb ^ 

TaRoe HaaBanio nponaomjo Bca'^ACTBie Toro, <iTO BaH6ojit>e 
BUAaioii;HMCfl npoHaBOAHTejieii'b BI> Te^ieeie OOHTH u'bjaro croi^Tia HB- 
jiaeTCfl aMH;iifl J[yRyTHHiaxi>, UM'bioii;HX'b ii AO cero BpeiieHH caxyio o5- 
mnpHyio MacTepCKyio BT pafioH'b pacnpocTpaeeBiH oanaMeHHaro npor- 
. 3Ha<iHTejibHafl nacTb uacrepoBit o6y<iHJHCi> npoHSBOACTBy m Ha- 
JlyRyTHua. JlyKyTHHCinu H3Al&jifl ii3BliCTBu He TOJbRo Bi> PocciH, 
BO H 3a rpaBHi^eft. IIOMTH na Bctx-h BcepocciiicRHX'b H 
BbiCTaBBax'b oBrt ^nrypHpoBajn H yAocxoHBaiMCb npCMi 

Ci* TeHeHieMi} BpeMCBD na pflAy c'b Jy?cyTHBCKHiiH R3A%jiflHH crajii 
o6paiuaTb BH ceuH Be uenbinee BOHnaBie BaAl^jifl ApyrHXi* MacrepCRRXv^^ 
Be OTJiH<iafoiuiflCii orb itepBbix'b DO CBOHirb BHyrpeBPHirb 
n BB'bmBeMy BUAy; BI aroM'b oTBomeBiH ocoCeBBo 
npoH3BOACTBO RpecTb8BHBa O. O. BHmBflROBa, HM'bninaro iiacTep- 
CRyio vb cej^ OtTaioKOB'b. Beu^H BnmBaROBa TaRve HeoAHOKpaTHO yx^ 
Harpajcb Ba BbicraBRaxi* H cnpoci aa HMXI eacTOJibEo xe 
ea H3A'bjiifl J[yRyTHBa. 

no ncropiH BoaHHRHOBeBifl pacnpocrpa- 
Ryaein Kopo6oBi> BI cBoeirb Hu^Bin J(tLf 

Cl CeJOlTb OeAOCRHHblH'b MapHBCROtt BOJnCTH, M6- 

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jaROBaro RO3bipe<iBaro TOBapa. B'b TO BpcMX 03Bk<ieHBoe npOH3BOACTBO 



KpaTxi 
npoMbicja. 



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RO3bipe<iBuit TOBap-b Bi> rpoxajiRiiixit paaM^pax'b. KoabipbBB opec* 

B3i pacTBopeBBoft 5yxaBoit Maccu, cirbniaBBol eii 
vacjoirb H RaBB^ojbR), B aarbxi OTA^uBajraet jaRoxi. 
no OTRpbiTiB iipoB3BOACTBU KopoGoBii BbiAa^i* CBOK) xo*ii* aavyx> an MO- 



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7 MM. 






336 

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CEOBCRaro Rync^a Ilcxpa BacRJibeBRqa JyRyxRoa, Roxopui 

BU^Rie J^aBRJRO^O BSfbCXll C'b R03bIpeHROK) MaCXei>CROK). JLj- 

nocejRBUjRCb BI* /^aRRjROBii^ npOAOJiiRaji* B ycoBepineiicxBO- 

BaJTb apOR3BOACXBO; RO XaRl> RaRl> CnpOtrb Ba RO3IiIpbKR CXaJlt 3Ha4B- 

yxeBbinaxLca, xo CROpo (BI* BOCbMtiAecnxiaxi* we roAaxi* oporaeA- 

CXOJilixifl) BtCROJIbRO BRAOR3M'kRRJI'b npOR3BOACXBO, R BM'bCXO RO- 

3bipc<iRaro xoBapa cxaii* BbiAl^JiaBaxb RpyrjiuH jaROBbia xa6aRepitR, npB 
MaxepiajB'b xaR-b R npouecci* npoR3BOACXBa ocxaBajRCb x'b we. 
xc4eRieM'b BpeMeBR xa6UKepRR cxajiR ,yRpaii]axbCH pa3;iR(iiibiNH 
R EapxKURaMR OAHOodp83naro R' RecjowBaro pRcyRRa. Ba 
:oA'b (5WJn> xopomift, a noroMy B-B Mftcxepcitoft Jt^RyxnHa pa- 
(k)xajio A^ 20 <iejioB:bRi> pa6o<iRxi>. CobiBajica xoBapi* npeRBiyn^ecxBeRRO 
Bi> MocRB'b. MewAy npomiMi* ne CojiiiiniiMii napxiflMu noRynaJii) 
RO3bipbRH, a 3ax^Mi> xa6aRepRR 

CRaaaM'b cxapuKOB'b, noMRHii^HX'b <E>RjiiRnna, axo Cbiii) vb Bbicmeft 
cnoco^Ruft R dueiirnqnbifi MejiCB'l^K'b. npHCMaxpRuaucb BO 

I 1 r 

xoBapoafb , Bv J!][aHHjKOBo Ri) npon3BOAcxBy R3i uaube-Mame, OR'b no* 
xexn^(|ecRyK) cxopony flfbjLn^ yoliAiuca BI* BL*roABOCXB ero B 

npooijiaro cxoj'bxifl, OyAyH x))BAi^axR 

r .. , OTi> p<>Ayt npRBflJca caii> aa noAOOuoe we npoRaBOACxno, oxRpbio 
; u dxoro MfiJieBbRyio MacxepCKyio B'b ^^ecxoBls. TaRiiu'b oOpaaoifb uacxep- 

\f ' * * ** 

r cicaa BHuiHaROBH Obi^a xojbRo H'j^cROJbKRMR roAaMR Mojoxe Kopo6oBCRofi, 
: ; a BcocjrbACXBiR dyRyTHHCRott MacxopcRott. Cuopo OAnaRO <E>HJRnni> HH- 
KB^TKU'b DOpeAajH) CBOC fljbJio B'b .HCecTOB'b Opaxy cBoeny Tapacy HRRB- 
THiiy, a caM'b c'i> ccMLcit B'b 1800 ro^y ncpc'i^xnji'b BI> MbcRBy R aA'bci* 
OTRp'jiA'b xaxyio we tiacrepCRyk) Ba Ij.B'bxHOM'b 6yjibBap1} B'&^AO^'b Ko- 
joOoea, Roxopaa cyu^ecxBpnajia A^ copoROBbix'b roAOB'b Hacxouiuaro cxo- 
altxia. B'b oepBOtt qexBepxR cxoJi'bxiii BI> MocRB'b oxRpbijacb R eu;e iiacxep* 
CKHtf B'ibMua ABryexBHa, Roxopbifi npewAe xoproBa ji R3A'IuiiaMB Ra'b uanbe- 
Maiue, DponaBOJi^UMhiMH JLyRyxRHbiifb R BRinoHROBbiMi^. lIo Ml^pl) pacoiB- 
pem'M npoRaBOACXHa yjy^inajacb R xexBRMeceafl cxopoaa ero; nocxb 
1812 roAa Bii TOproBJi'b .uaB'bcxHbi 6biJiR xafiaKepRa ywe ci AOBOJbRO 

CJOWRblMR pRCyRRaMR Ba RpUUIR'b; BieJKAy npOHRMl* Bl 8X0 BpeMfl OCO- 

Dovapa npR HanpJieoB'b. T^Mii Re iieHte oABoo0p&3ie xoBapa npenax- 
CTBOBaao pacDpocTpaReHifo apoMbicja. B'b axoii'b oxRoraeBiB cBJbButt xai- 
npOR3BOACXBy 1,812 roA'b. HainR npoBaBOARxe^B 

aubi R opMu xa6aRepoRi> B 

BocaojbaoBaxbCH RMB A'fl co6cxBeBRaro opoBaBOACxaa. Ctt axoro 
cxaiR 3^Ml1^ptd|laT^p ^^aRepvR 4exbipt;xi*yroibRott opvu ci 
k, loapuMpax'k B upBT(m> aa'b vaMUii, a BBI roxoBaro yBte 

jtfijpiuiiui iia9tiB49ci> F npoAavb Haft- 
M T. A. l*iic]rHim ua BaAiaUii xance 

CTNIF 




)82d 

MacrepCByio B-H MOCBB^, BuxIkiBiii BC4l^xcTBi6. cevetHi^x^ Be- 

Ha OBoero Ocmia H 63i> BCEBaro HMyn^ecTBa OTOfMiBiui^ ,i 
ero Bi H^^GBMO-^-i 

j(fljieio cBOHM-b TapacoM-b, y Boxoparo H 
MacTepa, BO roAa Mepeai* ABa p'bioBJiCfl BCCTB A'^Jio orb 

Koe-BaRii, OcuD'b apBrjacHii} BI* BOMnaBiio SHaHoiiaro ci npo- 
BocKpeceBCRaro M'JbmaHHBa TpBropia AjieRC'beBa, DOKJ- 
H Baqajn* upOB3BOAHTb Bi* coOcTBCBBoft HBd'b iiBsoiie copxa 
H3i> Daobe-iiauie. Ha DepBuxi* nopaxi) y OcHoasnaace 
6bijo, BCjiliACTeie nero OQI> eweiieA'^^bBo no cyCOoTaMii BOCHJIII 
paOoTaBBbift TOBapi BI* MocKBy aa 2o BepCTi> Ba njieHaxi}, B 
ero BI* pflAaxi*. IIo nepe^aA'b BI* A^peBiiio OCBDI* 
ynoTpeOjiBTb cnMpTHue BanBTRif, XOTH npeAe, B'b AOM% po- 
nycRani A^^O HaiHuieciBa Bit BTOMI* OTBoineBiB. Mo-<^ 

CHJbBblft B3HHeCRH, BCeFAa Tpe3Bblft H Bl> BblCUieft CTenCBH BBep-ji^ 

OcHni> OjiJiennoB'b itajio no Majiy pacmBpHJi'b CBoe npOB3BOACTBOw 
H ycoBepuieBCTBOBajL'b ero TexBBHecRyio cxopOBy, <ieiiy oco6eHBO 
CTBOBajLii Baeifb iiacTepOBi> JlyRyTBBa, AOBCAmaro BI> BTO Bpeiifl 
yse AO 3BaHHTeJibHofi cxeneBH coBepiueBCTBa. 3aBeAeBie OcBoa 

cyn;ecTByiou;ee H AO cero BpeneBB, nocjyvBJo, KaKi> H 3aBeAeBie 

, rjiaBBbiMi paacaABBKOM'b, OTRyAa BumjH H Apyrifl 
onHCUBaeiiaro BaMB pafloBa. PnB'be Apyrnxi) 3aBejrb CBOIO 

GbiBinift Macxepi* Ocena <>BJBnnoBa, pOACXBeBHBKi> ero 
BacBjibeBi BBniBflROBi; 3a li^u'b Apyroft Macxepi* 3axapi Der- 

vacxepcRyio B'b coc^ABefl A<^peBB'b CopORHB^, 
EeBuoB-b B'b UoBocHJbueB'b, FaBpiBJn* (iBaBOBi) BI> 
jipyrie, a oxi> dTHxi* noc4liAHBXi MacxepCRBxi* 
oxapbiCRH, xaRii nxo BI> eacToan^ee Bpe*^ji o6pa30Bajcfl AOBOJIBBO 
pailoBi> npOB3DOACXBa B3i> nanbe-iiauie. PaftoBi* axox^ 
o5HHiiaexi> coGoio nexupe cejieBia TpoHiiRoit BOJOCXH H mecxb cejieBift 

Map^HBCRott DO4OCXH *) l^eBxpOMi* axoro pafioBa HM 
OcxauROBO H PHAOMI* cxoflo^afl A^peBBa ^ecxoBa, 

npO4BMi MacxepCRia BBmnaROBbixi*. To B Apyroe cejeBie oxcroirb 
oxi> MocRBbi Ba 25 Bepcxii. Bet Apyni^ cejeBia,Bi> Roxopbixi* Rpecxbaae 
3aBBiiaioxca onBCUBaeMbiMi) npoifbicjioiii, BaxoAaxca B% 6jB3ROMi> paa- 
Apyrb oxi> Apyra. Bctxi* npOMbiinjeBBbixi> eAiiBnu'b, (Be CRBxac 
CRoft MacxepcRofi) BeAyiUnxi* A^^O caHOoroaxejLBO, 
Baexcfl 23 B Rposfb xoro AO 17 ceneit pa6oTaioxi BI> CBOBXI* 

xo3neBi>. Bc'bX'b pa5oMHxi 130, (Rponii xoro y JyRyxnBa 40) 
<iHCJia Roxopuxi> 87 HBuiioxca qjiCBaMH xo3aftcRHX'b ceMett, a 43 ie- 



* 



) Cvorp. ib K<Mii(i onepca loiDotfuHA raicon ^wjCHii ipoiuoxireMi. 
ipoMUCAi co6paHU n BpoBaiieMi 1860 



- 8JS - 



TO<IHO 



Topbiii> Ma<^TepCRBxii Ba paAy ci^ naA^bJiflMH Bai* naabe-Mame 

jaRBpoBaBObie OOAHOCV; *) caMH xoafteea TBRHXI* Ma- 
aaTpyxBflioTCH BbicquTaxb, na Kaxyio cyaiMy BI> HaBliCtHiiift 
noABOcoBi>, H Ha RaRyio B3A'bJiitt H3i> nanbe-iiame; 
'4 Ht) npii6diH3HTejibBONy me paacHexy ice roAOBoe npoHSBOACTBo HSI 
^ Mame HOiKerb 6biTb (BI* TOMI^ mucji^ OHOJLO 45.000 p. naAaerb Ha 
~^TllBCRyfo uacTepCRyio) ou'feHeEO BI> 83.000 pyGaett, H9i> RdROB 
4 Be ueB'be noJOBUHU cocTUBjaeTb pa6oHau njaTa, a ocTajibuoe 

COOOK) CTOHMOCTb MaTepbflJIOBl> H npCADpHHBXaTeJILCRyiO 



nanbe-Mame oTU'bHaiorb B-b HCTOpir 

Tpn MOMCHTa^ BI> ROiopbie ororb npoMuceirb Ao^^i'ABJiflJi'b na- 
/ 6ojibiuifl BbiroAiii, a HMenHo: l) nepBoe Bpeua nocj'b 1813 rOAa/ Kor^a 
6iiJii> CRJibHbift cnpocii na Ta6aReprH c^b H36(}paeHieMi> MOCHoscKaro no* 



1 





'' ' 

I 



ife^^ifetrs 



A. A, Mcaei(uu> ^npoMHCjiu MoccoRCKoli ryCepoiB", 3;MtHi6 MOCKOI;> 
3e>r. yiiEBU T. 11. MoCKsa 1876 r. ' 



*) KpecTUiue A^peuHU .^KecroBoA, rji-fc ncpBoui^najibHO flunjMci. Eycrapiiun 

rpa(})y nie|)eiieTi>OBy R uaxoxH.iHCb Bcerjia ua o6poict. 3,0 uo3iiHKHoueiii>i ooi 
ro upouuc^a, BI dpoaeAmeMfc CTOJittiH Br? ytcriioe nacejieuie, Kpout 
Miiii)ia.iocb oxoTofi, apeiuyinecTBenHO joBJiei) safinein. teiiCTaMn. JI^ cero Bpeueau 
Tpn Bat 2KecTOBCKnxi Kpem.iiHi> iminrb ipHcrpacTie Kb oxorfc, xotJi la cBe;(efl^eu% 
>i uacTOfliuee pMJi He opexcTaBjueiCA A-ix aroro GjaroqpijiTuuxb ycjoniA. 

BQUIUUKOBUSI BeAercx BSAaBiia; raKi ob ooBfn 1704 To;ia, 
aui MocKOBCKEii apxBBOiib, 3BatBTCfl: ^aa 6o]ipniioii'B aa KR>rjoui 
^epKaccKBM-b cejo Ocran&oBo, a nb HeuT> aepKoob Kaneuiraa. Bt 

22 ABopa, irb iMc.ii KOBXI. 7 ABopor& KOBIOKOBBXI,. ,I,epeHBfl BiecroBa, a BI BeA ABOpoBi 2S. 
JRoByiuie Kb 23 Aopi: CcprtB B ^aBBXb Ji^oBjeBu xtTu BBIOIIJIKOBU; y Ceprfen CUMI> 
ouiN ;u*yxit AtTb, y JiasBAa cum KyabMa IVa roin, j(a j Ceprifl :<>iTb ABip*fi 
.36 jtut" (DHDBCb BMtercB y BBininiEoiia). 4>a.iBoab HMSBTBU'W BBBIU^IEOB^. 3aBe;(inifi 
Bo;(CTBO 001TB q^HOBpeBeBBO .ci .IjiyTBHUMi, aMtJii aa CKOH Ba^'tiin rpB aarpa^M: I) Ho- 
^eTBafl ne^ajb MocKOBCcaa 8 OKTA6p 1831 rojaaa36276. 2) 12 ABrycra 1H33 roia JI& 4i 
oepe6paBaii Mejajib jixn uomeuiu Ha' me'k Ba auBBBCKcl jeiiTi Bai nereptfypra. 8) t{9 
upajji 1836 roAa Ji 928--noxBajibBau ueAaji sa Ba^iJi' BI: (jBTOfl ftyiiarn. MocKBa. C 
4^jiBBBa HMKBToua OcBo-fc ^BjnaaoBi, ocuoMUBiiA BI cejit OcrmisKOit BI 1826 roxj co6cT- 
MacrepcRyvs nocjfyaKBBmyD natiiuMi paaca;iBBROui Kycfapiiaio upOBaBOACTBa B% OBB* 
pafioKt, BojiynBj\ iia paajBnuHxi pyccxBxi B BHOcrpaBBuxb BucraBRaxb 6 BA- 
B Be-R;^Y upo^BBi soioryr vcj^ajb ua MocBOBCKofi UojBTexuniccKofi BucimBrk 1872 r. 
crapenb OcBai ^B4iiiiuk iie;^erb uponaBoxcTBO B xo BacroHOiaro Bp*' 
Meiin. Onb BMteT> & siMirv o;vion) cuBa, 26 BHynan B 8 aptBByKOBb. Hiaoropue BB 
BpaiiiyBOBi yxe paOorauTb B% AiacTC|>cBoii. CUHI Oeana 4>BJBiiaoBa I^Bjili OCBOOBI BI 
1877 roAT \rx^BJCii OT% orna aair^-b co6cTBCBiifR> McTepcKyvt, noira ne ycryiiaDB^TK) BO 



M OTJBiaeTCJ orb B<>^B>A. iBJill OcMOUft MuiyrBi% ^ llapiiau-jtfl BiifcraBKi 1878 roja 
oTtun ja i*M taiiiii, carv ^a\ KO r. 



vmpa; 2) % copoKOBUxi> ro^an ^peSoBavie TOBapm Oujo 
CM&BO, wto npOMSBOiireJui le iigrjH wio<i jAOiuNTBopBTb ox); MO- 
oovcxie vyni^u, roBopnrik, 8a aacraBott Bcrp'k^m.iH Boaa cb 
M pa tiepeOoi paaOapajH ero; HacTepa oojyvuH 

Hac aTpottvtix'b BOMUH^ roBopATb OB; 9) 



nocjrfcABetl pyccKO'TypeARott aoitHM npojibicejii KO cero 

Tavve GjecTHu^ee Bpejia: Toaapi* He saxemiBaeTci, u-beu 



*-> 



cvoarb BucoRic, MacTepa noxyqaiOTb xopomyio ujaTy, Tas-b vro NHorie 

h. Ik>o6ii(e npo3EOACTbo H3i nanbe-uame 
TaKHxi npoMbicjiOBi> cejbeKHro Hacejeaifl MOCKOB- 
ryOepBin, ROTOpUMit HOKH Be rpo3HTi naAeaie, u ROTOpbie Moryrb 
xopomyio 



U. 



BpBJoaceHHofi rb onepRy CTaxiicTHHecRofi raOjBuu BHAUO, HTO 
npOMucej'b noacerb OBITL OTHeceBi} Kii Huojy 

DpOH8BOACTBl>. Bli CpeAUCM'b KblBOAl) HH 

npHxoAiiTCfl jHiub no 3,, paooHiiX'b 

MacrepcRaa ne npBBHTa BI> pacserb), npH 4eMi> ceMefiubie <ueubi 

pa6o4MDii> BJeMeHTUM'b. Cdl^AyeTb OAuaKo 

jiy4iuiu.i copTOB'b TOBapa 
8oin cocpexoTOHeHo BI> 6oj'fae RpyoHuxik MaoTepcKHxi*. 3x0 oG-bucuflerca 

eXBHCTBBMBO TbUl, HTO A'H DpOH3BOACTBa AOpOrilXl> COpTOB^b TOBapa Tpe* 

Cyerca 3BaHHTeJbBbifi oCopOTHbift RaaHxajKb, KOxopiJM-b oojav^aiorb 4nuib 

RpyoHbixi* MacxepCHHX'h; MeJRiA Rycxapb Moexi> ecxM 
npH ycjoBia BeoojibmHX'b aaxpaxi* H Hacxbixi* ooopoxoBi*, a 
'H uero aBdaexcii 3axpyAHHxe4bHbiu'b apioop'bxaxb Aoporoti Maxe- 
H AOiro cni^xb uaAi ii3roTOBjeHieM'b o^Hoft BeiMii. Hxo xce Ra^, 

CtttiXCfl no TeXBRHeCRHXl) CTOpOUl) npOHdBOACXBa.^ iO Bl> 8XOM1> OXBOIUeBik 

RyciapH MOFJH Cbi BQOjia'b ROBRyppupoaaxb C'b RpynuuMH. ^,j 
Maxepia^oMii opu npOH3BOxCTBi H8A'^<iitt HBjiaioxcfl: 1) 
MJIH .ooJHxypa^. Maxepiaii* axorb 3aRyaaexcfl B'b MocRBlb. 
y noTpeOjiuioTeu BI> x'bio xpB copxa Rapxoaa: H) .,no4Hxypa MaxcpiaabBaH 



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1-ft copTb, BbiA'l^biBaeMaH U3i> xpnoRH H npOAaiou^aacH orb 4 AO o p 



aa nyAi>; 6) raRan e aoxBxypa 2-ro oopra, cxoiou^fiA on* 3 AO 3 py6. 
60 K. aa nyAi*, BaROBeui B) nojHTypa j^peBecaaa, x e. xapxoHi>, 
jibiBaeifuM 8'b Ap^BecHoft naccki C'b Be3HaHHxeJbBoK> opHM'bcbio 
8TOTi> noc^'bABiii copTi* npOAaexca orb 2 py6. AO 2 py6. 60 . 3a 

i H3i> DepBbixi AByx'b copxoBi Maxcpiaja, 
cpaBBTejvHO doifcifleio opoHBOctiio; uo BulbuiBeMy me 
ju aeu^b Ma AP^^ecaaro UH m^ nn 



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2) JoKA qepBiift H CBlixjMltj%JlttBit .UK noRynaexci 
ue opBroxoBJiiexca eavHiiB xo3aeBaifH 6ojiie 

Bbime Ra*i6cxBO JiaKH, TliM'b jynnie BUXOARXI> 
vto AO ceMBABCaxux'b roAOBii ci jaROMii, ynoxpe6jRBinKMca BI 
xflBCRoft Macxepcsott, Be Morb cpaBBBXboa no RanecxBy HmaRoit 
a noxoMy H B3A^^i> JlyRyvKBa OUiiH jyqmBMH; BI> nocjrbAeee 
jiaRi> BHioBHEOBiiix'b Be ycxynaexii JLyRyTBBCROMy. /(OCXOBBCXBO 

Bbiine, MlbMi> 6ojbme AAIOXI* eiiy BucxaBBaxbca Ba 

8XO OBi> f^ikiAe^KA HBn^e (oxcxaBBaexca) H cB'bxji^tt. V 

I, a xaRKe y BHoiBaROBbixik, Hl^Roxopbie copiia jiaRa oxcxaHaaioxcc 
no naxH jcbxit, <ixo coBepmeBBO BeAOcxynBo J^J^a. MejRnx'b Rycxapett, He > 

cxbixi) oCopoxaxT* CBoero npOB3BOACXBa. 

3) KpacKu^ ynoxpe6jaion;iaca A<KH HCBBonBCBaro ii3o6paeBia na 

pa3Biiix'b RapxHBi B pHcyBROBi*. ynoxpe6nxejbB'btt- 
RuacRaMH Bii AftHHOM'b npoMbici^ aBJiai /xca: Rpuiii. 

f m. 9 

(kremserweis), jaaopb, yji>xpaMapBBi>, RpOBi. (chrom), 6aRaB'b, 
xepiecbeBi), caxypa, 6payBpoxi, jaRvoBii, RapiiaaHB'b H 
Apyria. KpacRH noRynaioxca BI MOCROBCRBXI* MocRaxeibBbixi 
HJni niHTRaMn, H xorAa pacxHpaioxca Ba Macj'b caMHMH MacxepaMH, 

V KpoM-B nepeHBCJieBBUxi rjaiBBiiX'i varepiajiOBi, BI 
jiBoro, BxopocxeneHBHX'ft, a BMeBBo: ROBonjiaBoe Macjio, 
rojiJiaBACRaa caxa^ neMaa., xpenejn>, M-bjn*, cajo, Bce 

npB jaRHpOBaBiH H3Al^<iiti) aax^Mi M'^AI* ^axyBBaa H 
jiaa, xaRiRe upoBoiORa paanuxi* copxoBi> A<ifl mapBHpoBi, 

H 30JIOXO~ A" JRBBOnHCH. 

paacqexy 



cxBpaexca AO 16 xucaqi) pydjett, x. e. cocxaBjaexi> OROJO 20*/ 



Ba B03BarpaxAeBe sa I'pyA'b, npeAnpBBBMaxeJbCRyx) 
H Ba pa3Bue veJo^Bufe pacxoAU no npoH3BOACTBy. 

IloMnvnenitMit A'fl npOB3BOACTBa cjysarb ocoCbifl MacxepCRia 
ve oObiRBOBeBBfciJi KHJUfl H36M RpecxbaHii. Oxxl^bBurb 
BO BceMi pattoB'b, BI Roropoifb Bac^lExuBaeTca 41 npOMunxjeBBafl 
BHua, (BH^x1 cii JlyiyxHBCRott MacTepcRott) iBmb lO. PaaHlipit ME" 
cxepcRHXT) onpeA^iaercR BCRiDqirreJibBo ROjiH<iecxBOirfc pa6o<iHxi>: 
MacxepcRia BoebMiiiipniHHBiia, eexb M ABfUUaxiapnmHbia. Bi> 
MacxepCRott, RaROB'b- 6u BH Cbun ex paaMl^pi, ycx[^aHftaexea 
De<ib, BarptBaion^aa <\oABHeHBiiiJl ci B6K> inRa*^, eJyJRan^i AM npo* 
cymRH Bi BBMi* ca<iaia cnpeccotAiBiirb, a tai^irb notpuxux'b 

nanM-vaniA. IH muiuii vt^lMrb na% 



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naAJievamei apficyipBH Mj9roToiuaeiiiiiz'k Bemefi, a'noTOMy 
MacTepa, HeHMtion^ie uRaa, Moryrb npoiiaBOAUTb Bno^jHti jtHoib HB3- 
copra Toeapa. ycTpoilcT9o oopuAO4Baro uiRa^a c'b nenvK) 
40 .xo 100 H 6oA'be .py^^ett. IIocTpoflRa BocbMHapmHHHoA 
CRoft o<>xuAHTCfl B% 150 200 pyCjefi Bii^ixacTepcRofi, RpoMli 

CO uiKaoxi N oC^uRHOBeHBbix'b nojioiTb, Ta5ypeTORi> u CTOJOBI*, 

HUBaRHXli OCO^birb npHCaOCO($jeHUi, ROTOpUH 6U 

npOH3BOACTBOii'b n oTJH<iajiH 5u ee (MacTepcKyio) orb 
RpecTLaHHBa. 

u uHcmpy.MeHmt4^ ynoTpedJiaeMue npn npoiiaBOACTB'b H 
H3i nanhe-Mame, HC]uio4HTejn>iK> pynubie, Borb OHH: 

1. AepeBaHBHft OUOMI^ apeACTaBJiflioii^iti co6oK) BH;^!* npecca, 

BjioxfeBHyio BI> Hero Beuj^b co BC'bxi> ciopoB'b. iKoui> npn- 
Bi A'^ftcTBie nocpeACTBOui) BOHBHBiu KJLHBbeB'b H yaoTpeOjaeTCfl 
DpcccoBaBifl KapTOHa, HaHaaaHHaro R.ieiicTepOMi> u HHBMxaro Ha 

BRjaAbiBaeiio^ MeAy CABMraioii^iiMHca H 

CTOpOHaMH (OJaCTHHaMflJ HkOMa. CaMUft 5OJbUIOft }KOM1> 

6oji;e % apm. B% BBaAparb. O^biRBOBeHoo 

H3i RjcHa caMHMH MacTepaMH, HXI 
HHBaeTca OHT> (CT RoaoTymRofi) on 4 AO 7 py6. 

2. Pyqaott A^penaHHbitt npeccit o6biRBOBeHBaro ycTpo&cTBa, ei 

BepmiajbHO A^^peBaBBbiMH me BHHTaMn; 
CRjeeBHUZ'b MenrAy cj6oio AByxi> HJH 

jl^AHiit A^^JX^eirb 6i>iTb 6oj*e 'lojCTbiJTb. PyiHoil 
H.npecc'b, lam* H npeA'bHAyiuitt, H3roTOBjaeTca eaNiixH 

ou'bHHBaeTCii BT 3 py6. .SVJ.M^; . -> : '^*>j'^ "i 

. OobiRBOKeHHue OTOjapHue ifHCTpyireifTM. imin> TO: 
Tonopi), py6aHOR'b. CTavecBH, HOAHMJEIL I^I^BBocTb H.ioopa, 

MacTepa, paBBiexca npHo:iR3HTejbHO 4 pyGjanb. HH- 
crpyneHTaiiH dTHiiH vacTepik A'^^CTByerh coBepueHeo TaRxe, RaRi 

TOH> JHUib pa3HHueio, HTO HA oocji'bAHaro MacTepCTBa 
HBjaeTCi A^P^BO, a A<U nepBaro nanbe-Mapie. 
4. H^KOTOpbie iiHCTpyHeHTu H3'b cjecapHaro Ba6opa. Bco6xoAH 
Mue fl.sn BbiA'6-iRH mapHBpoBik nvb jtaxyHH H npoBOJORH.. Rarb-To: 
cxory6iw, HOJOTRH. DOADHIRH H npoH. Bcero TaRHxi* 
TpeGyerca x'a OAHOFO Macxepa Ba 4 py54a. ' 

*(r 5. Bi> 6ojbiniix'b MacTepCRMX'b HMI^TCH roRapBbiii CTaHORT caiiaro 
M-npocTaro ycTpoflcTBa ci* BlcROJbRiuiH cTaMecRaMH A" DpHAaaia n- 
'i^BliCTBolt opMU 3A'bjiaii'b 3'b D&Dbe-Maoie. CraBon H MBCTpyiieHTU 
-an Betfj MOKHO ou'fcHKTb rb 10 py6jeit. " T~- 

f 6. HaBOHeu'b rb qHCjy opyAitt npoii3BOACTBa MOIKHO OTuecxn: A6- 

Ha Roropbie HaBHBaerca RaproR'b, M KOTOpue opi- 
paaHbiH opvbi Remett, lemaARa 
ooBepziocTM H^K.'t^iVi nocpeACTBoiii> Tpeaia 
njHTxa M lypaHrb AJ> facTnpaiii ipacorb, MCTM pa3Hux'b cop- 



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javwpoiuiif, mcTR'H itaifftpft'-JUc MBOBIICR. fie* BTH 
erom vb o6mft1t rjovHAetii OROJO 5 py6jell. 

aojButt nuGoprb opyjiiM iiCTpyiieRTOBi, 

npOHucj'fc, monmo oiilbaRTb npiiGJHaMTejkBO BI 30 
py6jei. Ho Rdb o3HaqeBHu BHCTpyveaTu MirbiOTCfl TOJbKo 
nxi* KpynHuxi* xncTepcEHxi*; nejiRie v RycrapH 
memxj co6oio, rarb <ITO OAHR naap. R3roTOBJ>ioTi TOJI>RO 
KaproHA, Apyrie RpoiOTik jiaRoin, xperbH 3aRHMAioTcfl 
cmie vero ROJiH^iecTBO RHCTpysieRTOBi*, noTpe5Roe 



mpyda RMlieTb xoeoJbHO niRpoRoe npnarliReRie 

npoMUDfjeRHbimi e^RHRuaMR, TaR'b.H newxy paoo- 
Tott xe HacrepCRoii. PjaBRUX'b onepaL^ift n-b npoR3ROx- 
ajRqaloii^RxcR no CBORirb TexHRqecRMM-b oco6eRHOCTairb 
oouROBeRHo paajRqRbiMH uacTepaMH, xpR, a RueRHo: 

pa5oTa Macrepa, 



nqaro iiai Raprotta seiuR Rqepuli. OnRjOBOHHai pa6oTa 

o6pa3O)ii>: npexxe Bcero ODRJOBiURR'b paap'babiBHerb Rap- 
jHCTbi ;aa.peMRii> HJIR nojocbi, aarbM-b BaMasbiBaerb BTH no* 

JOCU RJ[eliCT(*pOM'b (Tb O/t^oft CTOpOflbl R cBaBBBaCTl)* HX'b Ha 6OJIBaBl> 

Ku xepeBRBHyio opMy, iif1)R>myR> BRAI* npoHBBOARMaro RSA^iiH. <PopMa 
vra, rb BaBTHirb HH Bee RapTOBOBi*, eraBMTcm Ba BpeMa orb 5 MM- 
xo 1 iiaey BI> xoirb, nocpe^cxBoifb ROTOparo nojiocbi RapToea CTB- . 

B DJUTRO cjBnaR)TCH. BarbMi* A^^peBHaHufl OojfBaR'b 
, a cnpeccoBaBBbift Rapronif craBRTCK *iaca Ha ABa na noiaxR 
ne<iRy ;us npocyuiRR. Korxa ORRJOBIURRII HaBbeTi, BbiT 
eyen) B n|H)cyioBrb xocrarnqRoe RaiRnecTBO Bemefi, TorAa OR'b ony- 
BX'h irb ROTeji>, RaoojieeHHutt RORonjaRuifb RJH JibnaRbiMi* Ma* 
rji'b AepvRrb orb 1 xo 5 MRRyn*, noHa BBIAR Boojuli npooHTa* 
xacjoxf-. UeneA-ieRBO aa cHirb Beii^R HI* H3BliCTROMi> nopaxR'b 
Ba npoBOJoqRbia paiiRR, ROTOpua pa3Bl)ii;aiOTca RJR 
TaROBott RM'keTca, RjiR ve BI o6biRHOBeHHott pyccRott 
npoM3BoxRTCR BI xiuoit HaO'b. KaHi iDRai>. TaRi> R 
6uTb npeAB^pdTejbRO RarplbTbi AO BbicoRott TeMaepaTypbi, 

ojXRLi upocToaxb qaooB^ 12 R A^xe 6oi1ie. lllRa^i* rep* 
aaRpbiBaerCR MerajjRqecRHBE . ABepuaiiR, a ycxbe pyccRot 
e^ra CMa^uBaexcR ci> aacjoHRott RavAMtt paa-b rjiRRott. Kas-b CROpo Rap- 
Torb, opoonniHiiMll BaejttB%, noxi* BjiutfieM-b BucoKott xeiiaepaxypbi 
oRORqate4bBo BUcoxBcrb, TO ORii nojyqaerb RaqecxBa BucmRxi) copxoB^ 
cyxaro xepeBa, npR qeirb xaJbVlilhnaR o6pa6oxRa xaRoro RaproRa npex* 
-ktoR> o^biRaoBeRRiii ottepa^iR croitpa: oniuoBiuRR-b pac- 
RapTORik oxRopy^HMO BBJMD^ CTpyraerb ero py6ajiROvi, 



T% WL 



3. Jlnnupo^Ka. CK)Aa OTBOCITCI ilMCRCUUO <iacTHUX'b oiipai(ill, KO- 
i|cnojHiOTCii HJH OTA'bjbHUHH MacTepavM, KHrb TO Guiiavrb 

iiaeTepcxHxii JlyxyTBaa H BHmHflBOBUxi un me 
xe NacTepoMi* jasHpoBu^nsoifb. OaH^OBaauafl Beu^b 

HJH 3arpyiiTO9W9AeTcg (rpyHTb C'b npiiM'bcbio 
na oAH^-b), aaT4an> oum^yeToi (MHcxarb neMaofl, 
BepOBHocTH); oocji^ Toro Kit Beu^H npHA'bJUBaiO 

ooAroTOBJieBBijifl TEKHBCb o5paaoMi> BeiuH noRpuaaiOTca 
paa-b (ABH Tpu) jacowb, npRqeMi* BaHOAHTca MepHoi) 
padHOAHTca Ba CKHOHAap'b ci* DpHin'bcbio jaea) H 

rJHHUOUHTOCTb. IIOCAB EaVAAFO OORpUTlu 4aROM'b BeU^H CTaBHTCa 

inRa<M>. AJ'^ npocyiiiRH. Hai* jaRouoft nactepCRott oeu^b BbixoAHTb 
roTOboM), HO 6e3'b jiBcyBRa. AAH BaA'CiKau^eft jaRMpoBR 

, a noTOMy BTH onepauia oObiKBOBeBBo npoB3BOABTCtt BI> oco^o 
MacTopcRux-h; BoponeMii BH3Rie copxa TOBapa (paACRitt 
Bi> KHJoft ii3^:b, opu 4eMb npocymRa npOH3EO 

HI* OOURUBCBBOtt OeHH. . . * 

Ha jaRBpOBaHHoit Beii;n H3odpaaeTca RaRott JH5o 
A<ia ROTOparo cjiyxtaTb OTorpa^iH ci> RHpTMBi 

a TBRXie rpHBIOpU U pUCyBRH, aOMi^U^aCMbie Bl> paaJIHHHblX'b HJUIOCTpB* 

pouaBBbixi. u3AaBiux'b. M^cTBbie a^HBODHCUu ynoTpe6jaiOTi 
xpacRH, DOARjaAbiBaa noA'b BUXI* BI H'jBbcTBUX'b n'bCTax'b 

aojoTo H cepeCpo, tipe3'b HTO npHAaeTca pucyBRy 
BicTajiJiimecRiti OT(>iecRi>. Paoora HcnoiHaeTcu BcerAa orb pyRi; 
HRRaKux'h TpaapeToui> v aepeBOAOBi ee ynoTpeOjaeTca. Ho BcnojBe* 

HiH paOOTU TftHBODHCUa, BeUlb BHOBb OORpUBaeTCO CU'bTJUMl} JiaROarb H 

nojupycTCH,- oTTBpaeTca neMaott, TpenjOM-b H ROPAA Bce 
TO CB'bTJbiti .laKi) BaBOAHTca pyROK) (jaAOBbH)). Iloci'b Bcero dToro 
roAHOK) KHH npOABHiH. i , i . ^ .} , /: 

^ ~ '^ ,^-rti.: lj il.-<^* I/ JS> . _i'!'il/|A% 

a HGI yRa3aHBbix'b naBBUxis onepauitt npoH3BogicTBa 
^ HaeTca o6hiKHOBeBHo paaJin^BbiMH uacTepaiin: OAHH RycxapH 3aBUiia- 

iOTCH HCKJioqHrcjbBo ooHJOBRoit, Apyrie jaRHpoBRott M BaROBeub Tpe- 
^ TbH wuBonHCbio. IVb RpynBj4xi> MaciepcRHX-b HcnojBaioTca^ BC* TpH one- 
;' pa^iH, HO H TyTT. RawAaa H3T> EHXT* cocTaaiaerb cneuiaabBOCTb oco- 
^ (5H!n> MacTcpoBT,. II pH OABOiTb oaBAOBO^BR'b BT. MacTepcRott Aoaxea-k 
' 6biTb OAHBI. janoBn^OR-b (OBT> are ninarjieBmHRi, miH^OBiMHRi. H nai- 
poBn^nRi) H TpH xHBOoncua, ec*H wHBoaHCb rpedyerca xopomaa^ M 

piACRaro TOBapa OAHBT* wHBonHceu'b Moaterb ooeo'toTb 3a oiiH4OBmROjrfc 



n3T nanbc-Mame, iiarotoBjaeifMa 
MOM-b pafioBt, R))a<iBe pa3noodpa3Bbi; noABCCTH HXT* 



TBOM 3aTpyABBTeJbBo: nopTCMrapbi, .nanHpocBHUbi, noprb-noae, 
.* c^H<Ie4Blf^u, ajb6oMBue AOCEI, inRaryjRM, qatteHUU, attua, Ronuni, 



, i^'W^K " '^^.^B^. 



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- S44 

cocraejiflio-rb npexMeru npoMaeoACTBa 

npoMucia. I^tHU Nax'^iit Toe Kpatta^ paaHooGpaartu: OXHRII Hanp. 
coprb ta^aRepRH upOAaerci no 60 Ron. 3a AiowHHy, xpyroft no 5 
aa mryRy; Toe H m* Apyrnrb Bou^axi*. Paaunua v^ u'bBax'b 
padMlipa Beo^H, HO rjaBHUM'b o6pa30M'b orb XOCTOHHCTBH 
jaRa H orb CTeneHii qHCTOTU OTA'^JKH. CaiiH 

BC'b naA'bjiii aa ABa copTa: aa pflACRitt HJH AioHHull H 
HJH mryHHiiift TOttapb. IIoAi* paACKHMi* TOBapoMi* paay- 
HH3uiie copra HSAiuift, npOAaioluiecii no Aeiueoott u'bH'b BI* ro* 

HHaMH; HdA^Jlifl BTOi*<)^OpTa OTJIHtiaiOTCil 

npoqHocriio, iieAocTaTOHHoio qHCTOxoio, OAHOo6p&3ieM'b H 

pecyBRa. Mara3HHabift TOBapi> cOuBaeTcn BT* rajauTepefiiibie Mara3HHbi 

(BI> MocRB-b npeHiiyn;ecTBeiino RI /(ai^inpo) H 

npH ^leMi* Bucmia i^'I^Hbi Aaiorca 3a Oojlie 

pHcyHRoirb. Ha PHACRHXI* Ben^axi* OAHQI^ 3KHBonBcem. 
HcnojHierb AO nnrti AiomHH'b oAHoo6pa3Hbix'b pHcyHROBi; (poc- 
60 Ta6aRepORi), na ifara3UHHoit IEC Beu;ii 

HHOFAa Bi T6<ieflie nara IT 
cRa3aTb H o laRHpoBR-b. 



pa3jiHHHbi. CpaBBHTeibHaff BbicoTa HX'r. 3aBH- 
ci* OAHott CTopoHbi orb po^a onepauift, npoH3BOAnMbix'b MacTepoMi*, 

ci* Apyroft cTopOHbi o^ cTeneeH caMOCTOflTejbBO<^TH noJOiKeHia 

> >: 



i-J^-' - * V * '^ 1_ 

, pa5oTaiouiie BT. CBoeft H36* M3'S coocTBeHnaro Ma- 

noryrb cA^^axb BT. BCA'bJiib orb 15 AO 20 
cAaBaeMuxi> xo3aHBy jaROBoft MacxepCRott no l p. 3a 
flpH BUA'bJR'b THfcoro RoJHqecTBa TaCaRepoR'b npnACTCfl n3pac* 
na MHTepiaji* (nojiHTypa, ROHonjiaHoe MBCJO, Rpaxuajni) H ua> 
orb 5 AO 7 py6jeft, cjiiAOBaTeabHO qiiCTuft 3apa6oTORi. onpCA*- 
BT 1013 pyOiett Ba AByx-b; HJIH orb 83 Ron. AO 1 pyOaa na 
pa6oqitt ACHb. npii6jH3nTejibHO TO^KC HapaGaTWBaiorb onH- 
^ JoanuiRK H Ha Apyraxi* copxaxT* TOBapa. Ilpa BTOMT* citAyerb HM*Tb. 

MTO OnHJOBn^HRII llOPyrb c6blBaTb CBOfl TOBapl TOJbRO 

we MacTepcRia, BT Roropbixik npOH3BOAHTca AaibB*ftmaa 
ero, a cj'kAOBaTejbHO HaxoAaTca orb nocj1bAHHxi> B-b 3aBHCHiio- 
RaRi cRopo npon3BOAHTejbBocTb OTHIT. MacTepcRHXT* naAaerb 
nioxaro c6fiiTa TOBapa, cnpoc'b Ha pa6oTy onajoBiuHROBi*, a 
crb cii rbM-b H U^HM HR inAtjia fi\'b, noHBvaiOTca. IIpi 
^,ycjoBiiX'b, oniJOBu^vRik RycTapL, aaaHiiaacb npouaBOACTujM'b HI. 
;iioll BaO-fc, aapii(W>Taeni tr^ resale roAs on. lOO AO 200 py6jeft, cMorpi 

JOBROCTH M ROJK*ieCTBy paOo^UtTO BpetfCHV. 

4ieTe{cjuix'b (y 
ta rA* CA*JI.BO on* 




von. ta j^wmmifj'^ AO Tpexi* pyojeft aa mTyvy, cvorpa no poAy Be- 
JBHBBI} Beii^6ft. ciH xapRH xo3attcRie) TO 3a BHX'b BuvnaoTca HTB 
pa6oTRa no 20 Ron. BI> A^Bb; <iaft BcerAa ceoft. Kpyrjuirb cqexoirb 
pa6oTORi BaeMBaro onnjioBimiBa oopeA'bjaeTca BI 60 ROH. 3a pa5o<iijt 
Ba CBOHxit xapnax'b. ECIH npHxoAHxca onHJOBbiBaTb BBIUH noRpyn- 
TO 3apa6oTORi yBeiB^BBaeTca, ecjiH xe paOoiaioTca neiRia 
TO 3apa6oTOR'b. 6BiBaerb neBbuie. 

IDlBOOBO^BRH H OTA'^JIBlBaJblI^IRH 3apa(!aTBIBaK>rb CTOIBRO 

H onHJOBu^HRB, ecjB o^iaAaiorB-BaAJienan^BOfB 3HaBieirB 

', 3apa6oTRH nxoxaxi) MacxepOBi* 3BaHHTejBBO Biixe. Pa- 

6OTaiOTl> odBIRBOBCBIIO CA'bJIBHO, BO CCIU) Bl> RpynBUXl* naCTepCRBXl* 

roAOBbie, nojiy^iaion^e Ba xo3aftcRoiii> coAepixaBiB orb 7 AO 10 py6jeil 

El 



, pa6oTaK)ii;ie 
, nojyqaKxrb Ba xo3flficROM'b coAepacaBiH orb 6 AO 15 pyOaeil 

Bl> 



pa5oTaiou;ie 

B3roTOBJiaK)Ti o6biRiioBeBBO TOJbRo BB3iDie copxa TOBapa (paACRia Ben^B) 
TbiBaK)rb BI> paOo^ift roAi), 3a noRpbiTien-B B3AepeRi> 0pOH3- 

OTB 150 AO 200 py6jreft/ ^ *^*^^M' Viji'f/^iTUrtJi.-.iii ^,^,.rv*?Jvi 

' 

pa6oTaK)rB BcerAa CA'bJBBO BI* CBoefi JH H36'& npo- 

pa6oTa, HIM B'B xo3aiicRoft MacjepcRoA B noiynaiorB OTI 
20 Ron. 3a AioiRBBy (paACRift TOBapi*) AO 6 py6jiett H nave HBorAa 5o- 
jlbe 3a niTyRy '). Bi> cpeABenn* BBiBOA'b xopomift sHBonBcei^'B ^Bipa6o- 
TaerB B'h A^BB l-p. 50 Ron. CJi'bAyeTB 3aM'kTBTB, qTO KHBODBCI^BI, npe- 
HMyiiiecTBeBBO n6peAi> ApyrHMH paGo^BMH, CRIOBBBI RI> BBBOoBTiio a 
noTOMy y Hi/oi'b 6BiBaeTi> MBOFO nporyjBBBixik AHett. FoAOBott 3apa6o- 
]RBBonBCAeBi> ROJcOjieTca orb 150 AO 400 py5jefi, CMOTpa no 
pa5orB H JIOBROCTU iiacTepa: asBBonHCi^Bi pa3A^JiaioTca Ba 

u jiaBAniaTHCTOBi; pa6oTa 



RpynBuxi* ifacTepCRHxi, ecJH Ba TOBapi cTOHTb xopomift 
nojynaiorb 6ojbniia BBIFOAU OTB npOH3BOACTBa; TOHBO 
8TH 



Be MeBl^e 25V CTOHMOCTH Beu^eft. /](j8 npHM^pa 

nopT aaoBpoc'bf npoAaioii^Bxca orb 3 py6. 50 Ron. AO 4 p. 




Bo Bcem palort TOJIEO oxin MacTep%, ymil rtT, IMT% 
IS py6. n Mtesni OJMOM\ xosjiicKOM loxepmaiii. MacTtp% 



a . . . ^ . . T- ^f 
1 ....... I t^-T^ 

Ulapaiipu oojikCffHro eepeOpa. . . . -^ 10, 



.i^^^: .t.<, 



t r, caaa H Ap. Maxepiajiu .... 3 

Kopo6KM . . . . '. . ^ . . -i . 48 > 

. ' 2j.it.ti.;-;5,i;u irr^-iiil n:: . 

^_ ^HBonHCi^y no 1 p. 50 K. 3a mxyKy . IS > 

PCMOHrb MaCXepCKOft H HHCXpyMieHTOB'b, -'"^ 

^ OTonjieaie; oCB'biueni^, naJiorH, npo- 

BT> MoCKUy H Dp. .''... . 8 > > 

- '^ i IlToro . . : 35p.44K. 

-''^i^ 



saTpaTb npHxoARTCfl Ha inxyKy 2 p. 95 
npH5biJii. npocTHpaexca OTT> 20 AO AO 37% CTOHMOCTH BemH 
caMaro xoaanqa. Ha Beii^axi. RpynHuxit MHCTai npnduab ropasAO Bume, 
HO Tpe5oBaHie na nnx'b iieHbaie. -.. . < UL .,.;._. ;v.. u^-^u-. . ui^^t 

'' ' - ' 



Tpe6yen> ^JLJL paauiiix'k onepauiii EC 

BOBOc ROJHMecTBo BpeMeHH. /I^jffl onujoBii^HRa AOCTaTO4Ho AByxi> 
iTo5bi ycBOHTh itc'b npieai'bi padoTu: jiaRMpOBii^HRH HaHHHaioTb npHHO- 

roAa qepeai. Asa; MTO ace Kacaexca HCHBonecH, TO 
ett npoAOJiwa^TCH Be Meu-be Tpexi* jfj^Ti) H TOJbRo ga MexBepTbiii 
OKynHT'b CBoe coAepiKRHie. Xo3^Ba MacxepCRHxi) npnHH- 
waiorb yMeHHBOB'ii HBonHci;eBi Ha cpoRi oxi> 5 AO 7 jilKxi*, na BCli se 
pafioxbi ox-b 2'/8 A 4 JiliiE. B-b uejiRHxi) MacxepCRHxi* 

nucn npsMO ci> MacjiflHurb EpacoRi>; 
xte EOAA nojixopa ABa ynpaiKHflioxcfl xoJbRO 
H xymbK) Ha CyMar*. OOynaioxca HOAT* pyROBOACXBOMT* Macxepa 
nHcua, Roxopbift caMi> Hepxniii opurHHajii>^ saAaerb ypoRH u Honpa* , 
pHcyBOR-b yqeHURa. HaojiioAHeTCfl H-JbROxopaa nocxeneBBOCXb BI> 

3acxaBjaioxi> yMeHHROBi nut^axb caanajia ^ro- 
pii3OHxi>^ (coeAHHeBiff cuHxro uBtxa cii po30Bbiii'b), noxoMit ropRU, xo- 
JAMHbi (^Aajb^), ^3eMejibKy^; Bnocji-bAcxBiH JorEie nettaaarH, cocxBBjeHHbie 

II11> OAHOro AByXl* AOMRROBlt, DOXOM'b paaBbl6 MOCXOBCKie BH^U, H HaiO- 

nepexoATi> K'b Alb'T, T. e. aHCTanjtioxi* H3o6paiKaTb Ha 

picyBVii cBaqaja -npocxbi^, a 

H f)ojlbe cioiBBbie. TaRott nte nocTeneBBocxH A6pax;fl H 
rypicTbi: cBaqfua yneBvrb itM^ieTi) KBCXL pyxB, Hori, aax^xi naaa, 
i, ry6M, B T. A. y^BBBKH pa{SuTHiurb Ba OXBBMII cxojOMii cb nacre* 

H BucinKBJMiiun> |i BU*io4B^ieirb CBOHX'^ ypo- 
V. * crojuvo i. oKoibio 



347 

t aee TUBR ne Hay^nrrea mnw^nmcn BOj^ACTBie Heenoco5- 
BB)i7 yroro xo9eBa, Oepyu^ic yven 



ycJOBie, Bi CBJiy Rorroparo 

B6 0pcM% yqeBBRa ci M'bcxa A*^ oROBHaBiB ycjioBJCBBaro 
BuroBap*Baioxi cedft DpaBo OTRaaanrb yveBBRy BO 
ecjH OHi* ORaexcif RI> MacxepcxBy BecnocodBuarb. Bo Bce 
BpeMa, Ha ROxopoe Gepyxca yqeBBKB, OBM nojibayR)Tca 

no OROB^aBiB epORa o5yieBia BarpaAU ue 
oaaeBi} ci yqeBBEavB xBBOBBCuaMB OXBOCB- 

jiacROBoe, xaRi> RaRT cnocoOBuui* y*i6BBROMi xoaaMBi xopoanm <^^.:....^ 
He Aaexii BO>in Ryjany H3^ onaceiiia, ixo yieenR'b y6luKBxi> paBune 

n3i> MncxepcKuft, n TARHurb oOpaaoui JBUIBXI* xoaaBBa 
-cxH BO3BpflXHXb ii3Aep]KRH Ha coACpHiaHie. Cauo co6oio 



RycTapHbix-b E35ax'b A'^TH o6yqaiOTca MacxeycTBy BcnoAOBOJib 

TBOMli CBOHXl* pOAHUXl-MaCXepOBl> H BnOCJI^ACXBiB 

ioxi xone A'^^OI ROxoUMi* aaBniiajca BJH 3aBHMaexca 
X. n. 




-..-' 

I - ' HBxecji'bAyiOH^^H xa6jBi;a, a paBBo B Bce BuinecKaaaEBoe, 
__ -_ o6mHM-b 



. .. .-. . ,... 

1. OnBcaHBbiii opoiiucejii. cyiuecxBya osojio 100 Jlbn, npo'tno 
npBBHJca cpeAB M'bcxHaro RpecxbaHCRaro BaceJieBia, Roxopoe Ba paxy 
!. npOMucjoM'b 3aHHMaexca xaRxe H aeiueA'bjieirb. -> ,^'4, H- ^ i 

2. TaRi> RaRi npoMbicjiy He rpoaBxi* ROBRyppeei^ia MamHBBaro 

npoaaBOACXBa, xo ero MOTRHO oxBecxH RI* qBcay xaRBxi* RycxapBbixi* npo- 

MbicjoBi>, Roxopbie CDocoOHbi paaBBBaxbCfl B pacmBpaxbca BI> 6yf(ytnj6rhj 

TbiTb 6oj4e, qxo cnpocit Ba Ha^l^iH nocxoaBBO yBe^a^HBaexca B pa6oTa 

-izopomo BoaBarpaxAaexca- 

3. PaaBBxie npoMucja BI Bacxoan^ee BpeMa aaAepxBBaexca py- 
TBBBOcxbK) npieaioBit opuBaBOACXBa, BeAOCxaxROMi xopomBX'b o6paai 

MajtbiMi* pa3BBTiexi> xyAOxecxBeBBaro BRyca DpoHasoABxejei. . 

4. KycxapB, paooxaion^ie BI> CBOBXI* Ba5ax'b, MBoro xepanrb 
BexocxaxRa cpeACXBi*, BeofixoABMbixiiAJiaycxpoicTBa cyBiBJbBaro 

-OTCyxcxBie Roxoparo npenaxcxByerb Hm npoBaBo^BXb JiysBiie copxa TO- 
Bapa H cxaBBxi BI aaBBCBxocxb oxi RpyuBbix'b npoxumjeBBBRorb. BM^- 
CT axBiTb BCAOcxaxoRi* oGopoxBbix-k cp6ACXBi aacxaBjaexi* aasaa- 
oGyqeBia opoiaBOACxBy paBbme cpoRa, qpeai ITO 
npoBaBOABiiux-b BejioyiBBUiBMicfl 



5. ! Jy^imnit epejiCTWMrbi n* 



o6maro 

76 <iejoiB4Ri> HJLH 56, 

ituemeft CTenesn iioje3HO cHa6veHie RycTapett o6iMtmaiui 
H xoponmiiH 



.< }'i i'r^j! Bi> aenxp^ ODBcaBBaro nponbicja BI cej^ OcraniKOB^ irbercir' 
^ 'OcyAocdeperaT&ibBoe TOBapHmecxBO, BI> xoxopoMi BacHBTbiBadxci j(O- 
400 qj^BOTT*; IIo cjiosaarb Bycxapett, xoBapwuecxBO npHBocHTb HMI* Kt- 

xoropyio nosbBy rjftBBUBrb odpaaoMi* BO Bpeiia aacTOfl npoMUCJia, ccy* 
^ama A^Hi>raiiM: iieo^xoABMhiMH Ha aaxyuRy xjrb6a H na pasBua 

mn. Ha;(o5BOCTH; j(^ti canoro e ppoiUBOACXBa xoBapHn^ecxBO Be 
* 6ojbmaro 



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nPON3BOACTBO TPOCTEil. 



TpocTett aRRHMaiOTCfl Bi> HacTOfii^ee Bpem TOIBKO 
Tpexi> ABOpaxi AepeeeH ByajiaHOBotf, llaBJOBCRoft ROJOCTH, 
%3Aa, srero Tpoe MyxHHH'b H xpH venn^HHiii. 
H KaiTb boaHHirb BroTb Dpoubicejik KpecTbine HO 

iio roBopflTb, <iTo HiTb ;?aRnMaiOTCfl ABBHO; npeacAe TpocTH pa6oTaiBCi BO 
cem.flx'b; AepvajM A&ne BaeMHux'b padoqnrb, BO ci rfen 

TpOCTH CTSJIH o6BHBaTb nOCpeXCTBOMl> ManiHHlk^ CTOIOII^HXli 150 



r''"'. ' 

':H >-: 



Tony naaaAi* xpocTH pa5oTajiH BI* 5 ABopaz%, BO TOJbxo y OAHOFO xpecrb- 
6ujia MamuBa, a BI eacToaiuee, Bpeiia BI> HoaGp'b 1881 7., 
xpocTeii aaBHMBioxca BI> xpexi* ABOpazi* H BI 
ecxb MaiQHHa^ BO MaiuHBa Be CBoa. a 

I * 

Bit MocKB^. Bit Bacxoamee Bpena opraBiiaaiiia 

RyneAii, xopryfonyft xpocxaMH, KoxopOMy Bit npex- 
Qoe BpeMa KpccxbaBe opeBMyii^ecxBeBBO cGuBajii CBOH npoBaBeA^Hifl-^ 
TpocxH, npeAJOXMjii> OABoiiy Hai xpecxbaBi, Eropy CxeoaBOBy BapHHO- / 
By, Baaxb y Bero MamHBy H paGoxaxb Ba Bero. MamHBy OHI eiiy Aft* 

Karb, roBOpHxi> Eropi> CxenaBOBi*, OBa y Hero cxo- 
noMeMy 6eai J(^MB. croaja, Eropi CrenaBOBit He 
o<^acBHrL. Eropik CxeaaBOBi> caMi novynajii* Maxepian 
M* npoRafioACTBa xpo^xetf; aa Bupa(k)XKy 300 xpocxett^ 
L J30 pyCjieM. ^JK npOHaBOACXBa 300 xpocxeft HAerb 



^t~*'f%l MjrMH'-^'W ^l^' aJn 

H - 1 nyAi KaMuma . . . . . .." ' tl p. 50 r. 

V ' ' ', . . . 

':*'>' ! '^^l OyAl* CBHB^y * 'UI<>W 3'^ 20 ^ 

.1- . I* 3 Ae*'H ctpoi 6yMani . . ./-AHIKO^I ^-^ , 30 ,! 
p> ;: _ 15 ^ 6yiiarH no 50 . yHxi ^< w)'y>'>1 ^ 
h V ~~ 4 2 nviKi HHXOKii JoiueHKH .,:*<b%e{% N '41. -**) 

I ^ ' , . . w -- 

I ^ _ * MjKM Ha KJieftcxepi* 3 yH*::^>tf&t^i ^ ^ 21 ,) 

t' t^V * < oiraHiiix'b o6p1iaxoBrb 6 . AM uei . .,1 30 , 

3 . 00 60 X. i ^ flO ,1 

^^-.' Htoro . i . 19 p. 9 ., 



I' ^ 

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Becb 9TOTi MHTepimffc. aa HCKJuoqaRieMii KoxraHuzii o6p1}3itoB-h, Eropnb 
OTenaaorb nosyaaerb BI* MocKB'b. 

Ua|>l3aBuiH TpocTH H3'b RaMuma, ocrporaBinn HXI 
crynaiorh KI* OTAI'^JK^ HXI. Ilpexxe BCro Ha Koeeu-b rpocTH Haaia 
BaiOTb H3i> caxapHoft ($yMarH Taxi* HaabieaeMuft ffypanem^ HajHBaiOTi 
Hero CBHBei;i>, H omdib^iteaiom^^ dTorb (ROHeuiip^MKoA**, noTOxik 
ctpyio 6yMary, xyAniaro AOCxoHucTBa, 'oOepTbiBaiOTb eio BCIO TpocTb 
CMa3biBaiorb ee RjettcTepoiHt. KorAa Gyiiara npocoxHerb. 
crjasiiBaiOTb BC'b mepoxoBaTOCTH H o^BHBaiOTb 

jioii;eHKott 6'l^ioft HJIH. 4epHott. TpocTefl A^^^-iOTb AO 15 copTOBi. 
KaRi> cRopo oojieTyTb uajRy, ee CMa3biBaH)Ti> Rjiee.M'b. Kuieit BapaTb 

a y RpecTbflEi 

BO3H;eft H apanHHuos'b. riajRH 

>TCH RjieeM-b pa3a AUi^t a noTOirh noRpbiBaiOTCfl jaROMii. BTHM^ 
Baercfl paOoTa. Eropi) CTenaiioBi> BABoeu'b ci> xeuott ycD'bBaiOTb 
lOOxpocTeli in> HeA^uiiO, upM neMT* ueA'bJbHbift 3apa6oTOKi &THXI 

paBHHTbCJi 3 pyC. 60 K. Pa6oTaiOTi> OHH CT* IloRpoBa no 
, HO BecHoii pauoTaiorb MeBboie, noTOMy HTO, xoxa aeuJH H Majto, BO 
T&i' He 6prcaM>rb 3aHHBfaTbC}i eio ropi> CTeaaHOBi> CMHTaerb, HTO 

ropy UcRH*opOBy, 3a roA'b npeAcxaBjaerb orb 
Hxo AHer^ roAOBaro aapaooxRa evy H XCH^ ero 
134 py6. 77 K. ... . z,<^ .. ..., ^, 

HTO 9XB uH^pibf HHve A'^HcTBHxeJbHocxff . Rpy- 
i*, HTO OHI iiovexi* cpa5oxaxb emftocM^^ xo 
ero, 150 AO 200 xpocreft BI HeAl^io H irb 
no4araxh, HXO M Eropi* CxenanoBi* cpaSoxaerk 
H BcerAa, xarb H 3A'tob HHAHBHAyajbnocxb, 
CA'bJiaHHoil paGoxu, H yxBep- 
ropa OrenaHOBa BeBlipHu, GUJIO 



xo3HHHy. 
3500 AO 40(K> 
OTb 118 pf6. 

y 1 OiCHL 
roft RpecxbiHUBi) 
ecxb OBi, areBa H 



6an;e, HO 
jOBROcxb pa6o4aro BJiiaiOTb Ba 

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tperbeifb ABdplfc Kp^MTTbiHHHi paooxaen Ha cBoe 

Koxopyio RyoHJi* xpH roAa xoaiy HaaaAi*. TaRi> laR-b Bca 
ero H OHi caBTb ybxajM BI* coc-bAHee cejo Ha npa3AHHK-b H xaxi* roc- 
yxe xpH ABi^ HXO Hairb He npHuiJocb AHHHO ero pa3cnpocHXb. Co- 
ero noRa3ajiH, HXO A'bJtaexi* OHI iSo^lie AemeBuft copxi xpocxeft, 
300 nixyrb Koxophixi, 



80 



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15 . 15yani M 50 K. 1 



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cpa5oTaeTi, coc'bAH ue aeaJH, HO AyuaeTcu Hirk, 
150 ui 200 mryrb n neA'bJio. FoBopaTb, HTO i^i> nacTouiLee 
TOTb npoH3BOAHTejb H noroBapHBaeTb Gpaxb pa5oTy ^orb xynua^. 

Hani* ocTHCTCfl cKaaaxb H'bcRojbRo cjoirb n o npoiueAineuu COCTU- 
niH aroro apOMUcja BI AftHHotl M'bcTBocTH. Kor^H Mam HUM AJH OCBBBRU 
TpocTeJt eme He cymecTDOBajH.TpocTH CTOIIIH ropasAO Aopoace, 
25 py6. aa oAHy coreio Tpocreft. TorAa lo j-bTHia A'^BOMK 
yqacTie HI pa6oTlb. HaeMHuii paooTHMR-b nuiy*iajii> aiiuoft BT> 
4 p., H c-b nacxa AO MoKpOBa 32 pyo. Ciurajni, ITO xpii 

paOoMHX'b CT uoMoii^bio peSaTb ycnliBajM A*J^'^ 
100 xpocTeS. 3a HTO BupyqajH 2.i pySjieft. Kairh MU 

Ha l COTHIO Tpocxeft jymnaro RanecTBa O^XO^MJCU He Miioro 
6 p. 64 a Oji^AOBaT&ibHO Tpoe B3pocjiuxi> padomixi* nupyqajin 

18 p. 06 R. Bli OAHy HeA'bJH). Co BBCAeHieM'b MaUIRUhl npOH3BOACTBO 

coRpa-rHJOCb, yiieHbniHJOCb HHCJIO JIHUI*. 3aHHaiiaK)u;Hxcu HMH: MauiHHy 
noKynaib Aoporo, He CTOHTb, ii Borb caiiocToaTeJibHbie npOH3BOAHTeJii 

BI JiOAeft pa6oTaioii;Hxi> Ha RpynHaro Toprouua, ci* ero 
HO TOJbRO He y new BI. nou'kii;eHiu, a y ceoH aa AOMy, H 

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pOBCEaro H Bit 7 ABQpaxi* cejia BypraaoBo, IlaBJOBCEoti BOJOCTH, 

, Bcero 21 ^e^OB^irb 14 iiya;qHBi> n 7 HreBn^HB'b. IIpo- 
cyu^ecTByeTb A^IBBO, CCT* IMKOH^ tfkxy, ci> Tbxi* aopi 
OJecTH peucBBhifl B03XH. Bi* nacTOfliuee BpeMi HMI* 
MeBbme; BBorAa BM^crb cii apanBBKaMU ^3L\ 

BpOMblCJOM-b nOHTH OABII MyakHBBU, SeBII^BBbl TOJbEO OO- 

io DjeryTb ca TO p'bARO, roBopHrb EpecxbflBe. 
6oTy Bi>c<ieTiBe EjaAyrb, TaEi> ITO Bbiinc.TeBiji Mbi^^GyAeuii 

CEJU^BXeibBO Ba HHCJI'b MySHHB'b. 

Bi nojTOpbi HeA'bJiM, HJH 9 paOo^iBxi* Aoeft, o6i>acBiiji-b Bam* EpecTb- 
jraiH^ AjeEclitl CTenaBOirb BapHEOBi*, OHI* cpadoxaerb 15 apaiBBi*. Ha 
8TO eiiy ByxBO HM'bTb cJi-bAyioiuie MarepiajiLi: 



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4Vt ........ \B 73 

7'/t no 8 JO- 1 60 ^ 

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COJIH, MyKH noftACTb Ba .;.... 1 ^ 80 ^ 



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KopoBbH) Koxy oB-b noEynaerb BeoTA'bjaHHott, H MoiHri ee BI 
ik M3BecTEott; RorAa BCJI mepCTb cj'baerb, OHI> cBOBa MOIHTI> ee 
pacTBopli cojiH ci> EBacuaMH, noToiTb cqeiAaerb Eoxy Boseii-b, iiHerb 
ee, H TOFAa yve BapliaaeTb H<n eex nojocbi. Uaii Kan bima OH-b eap-baaerb 
A^fl ApanHHEOBi,HaMaTbiBaeTi Ba EOBUU 5yHary,BaJBnae'rb ee CBHB- 
noTOMit HaBepTbiBaerb 6yMary Ba xpeBio, npoKjeibaerb ee, H aa- 
onieraerb nojocxaiiH napliaaHBoll Kcxi.KorAa apaoBHrb cnjijTeB'b, 
ootpbiBaerb ero paaa ABa jaioirb. IIpoAaerb om apaBHHKH orb 6 AO- 
pyGjeit aa i jieeaTorb, cj^AOBareJEHo aa 9 pa6o<iHrb A^ei Bbipy<iirb 
9 12 pyfijiett, (ITO cocxaBMTb aa vu^eroifb CTOIMOCTI iiaTepiija. 
2 p. 22 K. AO 5 py^jett 22 Eon. Bi> HeA'fcJiH), vb cpeAHem 8 py6. 72 K 
Toro OB-b BUpyqaerb eiue atcEOJbEO Koo^rb apoAaei 



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fe 6puTBu, KOTOpui, no cjosaifb xo3BHHa, CKOpo nopxHTCfl H 
Be AOJro. KojHHecTBO H3BecTEH ou'b TOKG onpeA'b'inTb ee Morb, 

ee noKynaerb BO3oirb H ee cooCpaxcaji'b, cKOJibKo ea ynorpe- 
Ha 1 Roxy. I^'bua ROIRU CbiBaerb paajmHaa. Bi} 
3a Koxy OHI njaTvirb 4 py^Jifl, a BI> npoiujiOM'b roAy 



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pa3ii'I)p'b roAOBaro 3apa6oTRa BeJib3fl. ECJUH are B03bMeBi'b 
npHBeAeBHbiz'b Baun UHo^pi*, TO nojy^iHM'b roAOBoft 3apa6oTOi^, CHH- 
Taa 40 paOoqnz'b neA'^Jib, 3a BbiqeroM'h npa3HHROB'b H jitxa, ROfAa 3a- 
BBvaiOTCfl nojeBbiMH paooxanH, Bi> I48py6. 80 ROD. a roAOBOe upOH3BOA* 
cxBO 14 RpecxbflH'b Bi AByxi) At^peBHflxi> 6yAexi> paBHflTbca 3920 
/(pyrHMH cjioBaMHi 14 RpecxbflH'b Bi npOAOJVfefliH 40 
H3roxoBflxi> 5600 apaoHHnoBi) Ha cyaiMy (BI* cpeABeMi 
3920 py6jiefl. 



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