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Full text of "History of Knox County, Illinois [microform] : its cities, towns and people"

ITY 
ILLINOIS 



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HISTORY OF 



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KNOX COUNTY 



ILLINOIS 



ITS CITIES, TOWNS AND PEOPLE 



By ALBERT J. PERRY 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME I 



- :.:.;.:>.:/>., CHICAGO :.' :: - 

,'-"''.,..'-.>' ',:'-...-- 

THE S. J. CLARKE PUBLISHING COMPANY 

1912 ;. 






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PREFACE 



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Already three histories of Knox county have been written prior to the pres- 
ent work. In each of those volumes considerable time has been spent in writ- 
ing up the early history of the county and especially of the first settlers. This 
is true of every township within the county and pretty full accounts of the cities 
and villages have been given. It seems that but little more can be said along 
that line. Galesburg is admittedly somewhat unique in its origin. A colony 
composed of refined and educated people came here for the avowed purpose of 
establishing a college and surrounding it with good influences from the start and 
I the history of this movement has been written and can be found not only in the 
: former county histories but also in quite a variety of publications especially 
: the Semi-Centennial of the Old First church of the city of Galesburg. That 
V little volimie states fully the persons interested in the Galesburg-Knox-college 
f. movement. The difficulties of their journey have been fully set out and there is 
; no doubt that that feature of history pertaining to central Illinois will be pre- 
r served and will continue to be the subject of pleasing fireside conversation. 
' But little of this side of the question has been indulged in by the author of 
V this volume. It occurred to him in the start that to the present generation the 
" accomplishments of these early settlers and their descendants should be the 
principal subject of investigation. ' He therefore conceived the idea of present- 
ing to the people a careful and thorough statement of what had been actually 
done in this county, without particularizing very much who the actors were. It 
v^will be discovered that the principal points selected by the author are the public 
p(buildings; and the public, social and economic movements of the people have 
Mormed the basis of that portion of the work prepared by him personally. To 
^make this feature of the work still more prominent, he arranged with certain in- 
^dividuals, who are in every way qualified, to present various topics in a thorough 
interesting manner along the lines which he himself has pursued. The 
earnestly hopes, for he fully believes, that this feature will be of great 

and of very general interest to the reading people of this county. To be 

wnore specific he would call especial attention to the articles upon the various 
denominations of the county. It will be found that the following out- 
has been pretty generally followed. First, a full statement of belief ; second, 
organization of individuals sharing that belief; and third, the extent to 
I their hopes, based upon their belief and their church organization, have 
realized. So far as this form is applicable, the secular articles have been 

somewhat in the same way. 

It has been the writer's earnest endeavor to spend but little time upon the 
side of life, but rather to consider carefully everything that seems 
while and everything that could make reasonable answer to the questions, 



^ 



IV 



PREFACE 



"What are you ^here for?" and "What are you accomplishing for the better- 
ment of life?" 

The writer takes a justifiable pride in the illustrations which he has secured for 
this work for they have served a double purpose. They are not only beautiful 
and add a peculiarly pleasing effect to the appearance of the work, but in no 
other way could he show the development of the cities and villages of the county 
from a primative condition to one of prosperity and really intelligent refine- 
ment, in fulfillment of the highest hopes of the founders. It is very difficult to 
arrive at a just word picture of the progress of Knox county. The time required 
to discover and collate the facts necessary to show such progress is altogether too 
great, and even if accomplished, it would then not be visible as is shown by these 
illustrations. ; 

To those who have assisted in this matter, the writer hereby offers his sin- 
cere thanks and confesses in truth that without their assistance this volume 
would lack its greatest charm and a very large part of its interest and benefit. 

A. J. P. 

GALESBURG, Illinois, July lo, 1912. v - ^;Xv 



^. ;. -. 

.-^'' .'. - 







History of Knox County Illinois 



: ;''}:;;' ' ^ -:: TERRITORIAL JURISDICTION ' ; :\o';;.^^ ^ 

V: It is believed by persons best informed upon the archaeology of Knox county 
that prior to 1828 it had been the home of at least three distinct races of men. 

The first is known from fossils found with the bones of extinct animals and 
fragments of tropical wood from a few to fifty feet below the surface, where 
the race seemed to have existed for a long time and are now completely covered 
by the drift. They left no traces than are found as above stated, some of which 
indicate their handiwork. 

The next race was the mound builders, who here, as elsewhere, was probably 
an agricultural and semi-civilized people. Traces of their occupancy are found 
in various parts of the county. They too disappeared without leaving anything 
of their history. 

The Indian with his bow and arrow followed the mound builders, at what 
time we do not know, but he was the undisputed owner of the country for a long 
period of time. Whatever record of history he made was of such transitory 
character that nothing is left and nothing is known beyond some few things that 
may be gathered from tradition and what transpired after the advent of thfc white 
people. At the time of the discovery of America, he was the occupant of the 
soil but has now passed away from most of his old haunts and his power is gone 
as surely as his predecessors'. j < ,. 

The revival of learning in the fifteenth century stimulated the desire for ex- 
ploration. Spain was the first to move in a far westerly course and the West 
Indies were discovered by Columbus. -The reports of his meager success were 
circulated in Europe when Portugal, Erance and England joined in the search 
for a new world. As early as the year looo, Scandinavian explorers had pre- 
viously occupied places on the western shore of Greenland, planted a colony 
which has been supposed by many to have been near the coast of New England, 
but this was unsuccessful and passed out of existence. Several unsuccessful 
attempts were made to establish colonies in this country at different periods 
along the Atlantic coast by the Erench, Spaniards, Portuguese and English. Eer- 
nando de Soto, a Spanish chevalier, explored this country in 1541 as a part of 
Elorida, but it was never taken possession of by the Spanish. We are interested 
only in the settlements which were finally effected, one in Virginia in 1607 by the 
English, and one made by Erance in Canada at Quebec in 1608, and at Montreal 



2 '\v;v;vr HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^v> :.;:;' 

in i6ii. On April lo, 1606, King James of England granted the first charter 
to Virginia, providing for the establishment of two companies, the southern 
branch of London Company to have authority to occupy lands between the thirty- 
fourth degree and forty-first degree of north latitude. The second branch, or 
Plymouth Company was to occupy lands between the thirty-eighth degree and 
forty-fifth degree. These two grants overlapped each other, but it was provided 
in the charter that each should occupy the overlapping territory under certain 
restrictions. These two grants were supposed to cover that part of Illinois 
which includes Knox county. This charter left the colony subject practically to 
the domination of the King. The Virginia charter was enlarged in 1609 and 
granted many rights and powers to the people, so that the colony became prac- 
tically a corporation, with pretty full powers looking towards self government. 
The territory described in the second charter was to extend two hundred miles 
north and two hundred miles south of Point Comfort, "all that space and circuit 
of land from sea to sea, and west and northwest." This somewhat vague de- . 
scription and questionable power of the king to grant, forms the basis of Vir- 
ginia's claim to what was afterwards known as the North West Territory. Noth- 
ing was known of the west at that time. The Appalachian range of mountains 
extending in a somewhat broken chain from eastern Canada southwest to Ala- 
bama, and the almost impenetrable forests, formed a great barrier to the advance 
of English settlement to the westward, and at the same time there was a strip 
of sea-board between the mountains and the Atlantic from one hundred to two 
hundred miles wide, which for many years gave abundant room for the constantly 
increasing English settlements. 

Not so with the French settlements of Canada. There was easy communica- 
tion by lake and river between them and that portion of the country west of the 
mountains and of the English settlements. The French eagerly availed them- 
selves of this advantage and established settlements at Detroit, Fort Miami, 
Vincennes, Cahokia, Kaskaskia and along the east side of the Mississippi river 
to Mobile, Biloxi, etc. This came to be known as New France and was claimed 
by France by right of discovery and occupation. It would seem, in all good con- 
science, that the French claim to this territory was superior to that of England's 
claim, being founded upon a substantial basis, while the English claim was prob- 
ably founded upon the mere declaration of the discoverer of the coast from 
which he declared that all lands to the west were subject to his sovereign. The 
presence of the French to the west of the English made the English feel very 
uncomfortable. There were continually irritating circumstances arising. The 
Indians were enlisted on both sides and finally war was declared between the. 
two nations, and in America this war took the name of the French and Indian ; 
war. The English were victorious and by the Peace of Paris in 1763, the north- 
west territory was ceded by France to England, together with Canada, and from 
that time France had no jurisdiction over territory east of the Mississippi river. 
By this cession of territory, the claims of Virginia to the northwest territory by 
virtue of her charter of 1609, reading "from sea to sea," became operative as. 
far west as the Mississippi river. ;/'. ^:; ::C ''/..;.>.:;' ^-;;:. . 

The next scene in the American drama was the War of the Revolution, which 
began in 1776. General George Rogers Clark, (then Colonel Clark) a citizen of 
the Virginia colony, formed a scheme of wresting this territory from England 



vl; V:;H ^^^: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : : ;.w,j 8 

and thereby preserving it to the use of his colony, and at the Peace of 1783, 
England relinquished all claim to this territory which she had taken from France, 
and Illinois was made a county of Virginia. 

An explanation of this statement ought to be given. The word Illinois was 
used by the French to designate a confederacy of the North American Indians 
occupying the present area of the state of Illinois and the adjacent parts of Wis- 
consin, Iowa and Missouri. This confederacy was composed of the Peoria, 
Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Tamaroa and Michagamia Indians. In the language of this 
confederacy, the word "Illini" meant "a man." The plural of this word was 
"Illinuk." The French substituted their terminal for the plural "ois" for the 
Indian plural "uk," and thus the name becanie Illinois. In speaking generally 
of the country between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, it was called the "Illinois 
country," because of the Indian confederacy occupying such a large portion of it. 
The Virginia legislature therefore chose that name as the name of the county 
created. The act establishing the county of Illinois, which was for the more 
effectual protection and defense thereof, passed both houses of the Virginia legis- 
lature on December 9, 1778. At this time Virginia knew almost nothing of the 
boundary of the county which she proposed to establish. She wanted to incor- 
porate within this county all that she owned of the Northwest Territory. There- 
fore "the new county was to include the inhabitants of Virginia north of the 
Ohio river," but its location was not more definitely prescribed. 

It stood without a question that the Northwest Territory now belonged tcy 
the United States subject to such rights as Virginia might have therein by virtue 
of her colonial charter, subject also to the rights of the Indians. 

On July 9, 1778, the several colonies which had joined in the revolutionary 
struggle for independence from England, formed a confederacy which, under 
articles of confederation, was known as the United States, having a president 
and congress the same as at the present time. : . * . '. \ 

On the 6th day of September, 1780, congress recommended to the several 
states in the union having claims to waste and unappropriated lands in the west- 
ern country, a liberal cession to the United States of a portion of their respective 
claims for the common benefit of the Union. In conformity with that recommen- 
dation, the state of Virginia appointed Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Hardy, Arthur 
Lee and James Monroe, commissioners to execute a deed to the United States, 
in congress assembled, for the benefit of the said states, all rights, title, claim 
as well of soil as jurisdiction, which this commonwealth hath to the territory or 
tract of country within the limits of the Virginia charter, situate, lying, and be- 
ing to the northwest of the River Ohio, upon condition that the territory so ceded 
shall be laid out and formed into states containing suitable extent of territory 
not less than one hundred, nor more than one hundred and fifty miles square, or 
as near thereto as circumstances will admit. These instructions contained quite 
specific conditions as to the rights of the people and the states to be so formed. 
It provided further that the French and Canadian inhabitants and other settlers 
of the Kaskaskies, St. Vincents and the neighboring villages who have professed 
themselves citizens of Virginia, shall have their possessions confirmed to them 
and be protected in the enjoyment of their rights and liberties. It provided fur- 
ther that a quantity of land, not exceeding 150.000 acres, promised by this state 
shall be allowed and granted by them to the then colonel, now General George 



4 ;:--:' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY K^.;' >: ' 

Rogers Clark and to the officers and soldiers of his regiment who marched with 
him, etc., in subduing this territory. The deed, in accordance with those instruc- 
tions, was executed to the United States of America on March i, 1784, and 
thereby all interests of the state of Virginia in and to the lands of the state of 
Illinois and Knox county were extinguished and transferred to the government 
of the United States. See Plate I. 

On the 3Oth day of December, 1788, the state of Virginia modified the con- 
ditions of grant to the United States and authorized the formation of five states 
out of the Northwest Territory, if deemed advisable by congress. ";.. . ,^ I- 

On the 7th day of August, 1789, congress passed an act for the government 
of the territory northwest of the Ohio river, but made no division of the same. 

On May 7, 1800, congress divided the territory of the United States north- 
west of the Ohio into two separate governments providing that all that part of 
the territory of the United States northwest of the Ohio river which lies westward 
of the line beginning at the Ohio opposite the mouth of the Kentucky river and 
running thence to Fort Recovery and thence north until it shall intersect the ter- 
ritorial line between the United States and Canada, shall for the purpose of tem- 
porary government, constitute a separate territory and be called the Indiana Ter- 
ritory. See Plate II. 

On February 3, 1809, congress again provided that from and after the first 
day of March next, all that part of the Indiana Territory which lies west of the 
Wabash river and a direct line drawn from the said Wabash river and Post Vin- 
cennes due north to the territorial line between the United States and Canada, 
shall for the purpose of temporary government constitute a separate territory 
and be called Illinois. See Plate III. 

On April i8, i8i8, congress took further action authorizing the inhabitants 
of the Territory of Illinois to form for themselves a constitution and state gov- 
ernment and to assume such name as they shall deem proper; and the said state 
when formed shall be admitted to the Union upon the same footing with the 
original states in all respects whatever. The boundary line of the territory to be 
thus admitted is described as beginning at the mouth of the Wabash river, thence 
up the same and with the line of Indiana to the northwest corner of said state, 
thence east with the line of same state to the middle of Lake Michigan, thence 
north along the middle line of said lake to north latitude 42 degrees, 30 minutes, 
thence west to the middle of the Mississippi river and thence down along the 
middle of that river to its confluence with the Ohio river and thence up the latter 
river along its northwestern shore to the beginning. See Plate IV. 

A constitutional convention was called at Kaskaskia, August 26, i8i8, which 
adopted a constitution of the state to be submitted to congress for adoption and 
under which Illinois became a state of the United States of America. 

The question of extinguishing the Indian titles to the lands in the Northwest 
Territory had been taken up by the United States government. There was con- 
siderable tardiness on the part of the government in relation to this question. 
Settlers were coming in from the east and squatting upon the public lands with- 
out any authority of law and there was much uneasiness on their part lest they 
might make improvements more or less valuable, and in the end lose their entire 
time and investment because no arrangement for a permanent purchase of the 
land had been made. Numerous petitions setting up these facts were sent to 



;:/:;;::::: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ v.!^-- 5 

congress and congress failed to act upon them. The territory on the west side of 
the Mississippi river belonged to Spain, and at one time there was a strong feeling 
among the American settlers that they would be better off to go over into Spanish 
territory and deal with the Spanish government than to remain within the juris- 
diction of the United States and be so long in an uncertain condition. Neverthe- 
less, the population continued to increase and petitions for relief were continually 
circulated, until finally in the year 1804 a treaty was made at St. Louis on the 
third day of November, with the Sauks and Foxes, whereby that part of Illinois 
west of the Illinois and Fox rivers was ceded to the United States. Black Hawk, 
the principal chief of the Sauk Indians, did not sign this treaty, but it is claimed 
that he confirmed it on several subsequent occasions. This treaty contained an 
article which wrought great mischief as it led to the Black Hawk War of 1832. 
By Article VII of that treaty, it was provided that "as long as the lands which 
are now ceded to the United States remain their property, the Indians belonging 
to the said tribes shall enjoy the privilege of living or hunting upon them." It 
was expected by that clause that until the government made survey and sold these 
lands, the Indians should remain unmolested by the white people, but this did not 
follow. The principal Indian village of these tribes was situated within the ceded 
territory near where the city of Rock Island now stands. The Indians cultivated 
quite an area of land as best they knew how and produced very good crops. This 
fact was a continual temptation to the white people coming into the ceded area, 
and after awhile the white people made demonstrations calculated to either drive 
the Indians out of their home and across the Mississippi river into what is now 
Iowa, or to excite their anger and lead to war. The Indians were in the habit 
of going north in the winter time to hunt, returning in the spring with their cured 
meats and furs to cultivate their ground and raise their grain and vegetables. 
During the absence of the Indians the white people would commit depredations 
by burning their homes, and one year they went upon the ground and plowed up 
their national cemetery. This proved unendurable to the Indians, and the Black 
Hawk war followed. The Indians offered to retire, cross the Mississippi and 
never again come upon the ceded territory for the sum of six thousand dollars. 
This offer was laughed at and its refusal shut out all opportunity to avoid the 
war which followed and which cost the lives of many white men and a treasure 
of over two millions of dollars, and practically exterminated the Indians who 
had fought in defense of their homes and the resting place of their dead. As a 
matter of course, the result of this war was the complete forfeiture by the Indians 
of the lands ceded by the treaty of 1804. There was left, however, an indelible 
mark of shame upon the white man. See Plate V. . 

From the foregoing account, it will appear that the land comprising the county 
of Knox has been under ten territorial jurisdictions, two of them being extinct 
races, one Indian race, one under France, one under England, one under Vir- 
ginia, one a territory of the United States, one the territory of Indiana, one the 
territory of Illinois, and lastly the state of Illinois. 

Although Knox county is not especially concerned with the matter, it will be 
interesting to add that at the time of the Enabling Act passed by congress for the 
adoption of a constitution for the state of Illinois, Judge Nathaniel Pope, father 
of Major General John Pope of the Union army during the War of the Rebellion, 
was a delegate in congress from the territory of Illinois. It was proposed to fix 



6 -"'::;': HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY " . x T - , 7 

the northern boundary at a line running westward from the southern extremity 
of Lake Michigan to the center of the Mississippi river. Judge Pope urged that 
the northern boundary of Illinois be set far enough north to give Illinois a liberal 
frontage on the west side of Lake Michigan. His argument for that change was 
that the southern point of the state of Illinois extended far into the south. It 
will be seen from a map of the United States that it reaches nearly to the south- 
ern boundary of the states of Kentucky and Virginia and the northern 
boundary of the state of Tennessee, which is nearly one hundred and fifty 
miles south of the city of Washington. If the northern boundary of the state 
could be pushed far enough north to give a good frontage upon Lake Michigan, 
it would make Illinois a most potent factor in tying together the two sections of 
the Union, the north and the south. On the north there would be easy communi- 
cation with the east by way of the great lakes, and on the south with the entire 
south by way of the Mississippi river, and in case any difficulty should arise be- 
tween the two sections of the country, the geographical position of the state of 
Illinois would be a most peculiar and powerful one. The arguments of Judge 
Pope convinced congress, and the boundary line was fixed as we now have it, 
quite well up on the west side of Lake Michigan. That act gave to Illinois the 
city of Qiicago, and during the War of the Rebellion, Illinois fully performed all 
the duties devolving upon it and foretold by the able judge. 

Knox county, of course, shares in whatever honor and pride there may be in 
being a part of a state so situated, and which has now become so influential in 
all governmental matters. ' - ' ' : 



THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTY = . 

The division of Illinois into counties began in 1790. More than the east 
half of that part of the state south of the Illinois river constituted one county, and 
was called Knox county. Changes and further subdivisions were made in 1793, 
i8oi, 1803 and 1809. In 1809 the name of Knox county drops out. In the sub- 
division of 1790 that portion between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers was un- 
touched. In the subdivisions of iSoi, 1803 and 1809, it was included within the 
limits of St. Clair county, which comprised about four-fifths of the entire area 
of the state, Randolph county occupying the other one-fifth in the southern por- 
tion of the state. In the subdivisions of 1812 and 1813, about the same amount 
of territory and similarly located, was called Madison county. The territory now 
occupied by Knox county remained a part of Madison county until 1821, when 
that portion of the state lying between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers was 
called Pike county. See Plate VI. 

On the 28th day of January, 1823, a further subdivision was made, and Pike 
county was cut down to a very small part of what it once was. Fulton county 
was laid out and covered the south four townships of what is now Knox county. 
The balance of the land now comprising Knox county and the territory north 
and east was attached to Fulton county for judicial purposes. This will be shown 
by Plate VII. 

On the 1 3th day of January, 1825. Knox county was formed by an act of the 



' - : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^:-> 7 . 

legislature, and it covered the same territory that it covers today, with the excep- 
tion of four townships on the north, the four townships on the south previously - 
included in Fulton county being given to Knox, and four townships on the north 
being given to Henry county, giving to Knox county sixteen townships only. See 
Plate VIH. ... ' 

The county remained the same until 1831, when on January 13, the boundary :':- 
of the county was changed by adding a row of townships on the north and two ; , . \ 
townships. Numbers 12 and 13 in Range 5 East, on the east as shown by Plate v , - 

IX. ^''^''- 

Another change was made March 2, 1839, whereby the two townships,' ', 
Numbers 12 and 13 North in Range 5 East, were taken from Knox and given :' .! : 
to Stark county. This is shown by Plate X. Since that time there has been no v :; 
' change in the area of Knox county. : v T . 

Thus it is shown that the territory comprising the county of Knox today, has 
been a part of St. Clair, Madison and Pike counties, and that a part of the terri- 
tory of Knox county has heretofore formed a part of Fulton and Henry counties. - 
The inhabitants of the county at different points were obliged to go to Lewistown, ' ' 
Rushville, Pittsfield, Edwardsville and Kaskaskia to secure an abstract of title ' ' / 
to their lands. After the formation of Knox county in its present shape, the rec- > 
ords pertaining to lands in Knox county were carefully copied from the above ; 

places and now constitute a part of the records of Knox county. It is supposed, . 
however, that the records of Knox county today as kept at Galesburg, are com- - : > > 
plete, and that there is no reason for visiting other county seats for information -' 
concerning Knox county lands. V . : ' 

During the progress of fixing the territory, state and county boundaries, a , . 
systematic plan of survey had been pursued. The plan of congress consisted in ;V 
running a base line east and west through some point having a natural witness, if ;:':.,.. 
possible, and running a meridian line north and south from this base line. Then 
beginning in the angle formed by those base and meridian lies, lay out the town- . 
ships six miles square. The north and south rows of townships were called 
ranges, and the ranges were numbered one, two, three, etc., east or west of the ..-,.. 
meridian as the case might be. ^ ^ ; 

'. The description of the lands in Knox county is arrived at in the following ; . ;- 
way: the city of Beardstown in Cass county, Illinois, is on the Illinois river, and > \ . 
is taken as the starting point for all descriptions of land west of the Illinois river. :: ' 
A line running due north from Beardstown is known as the fourth principal me- - 
ridian. This meridian forms the western boundary of Knox county. All lands 
east of that meridian and controlled by it, are described as east of the fourth prin- ;. 
cipal meridian. Another line passing through Beardstown runs west from here ^ - 
to the Mississippi river, and is known as the base line. If you take a township ' .; 
map of the state of Illinois, and start at Beardstown and count the townships V^ h-' 
northward until you reach Knox county, you will find that the southwest town- : ' ; 
ship of Knox county is the ninth township north of the base line running through ; ; 
Beardstown. It is also east of the fourth principal meridian. Therefore, the ' . 
southwest township of Knox county would be described as township 9, north of .:.. . 
the base line, and in range i, east of the fourth principal meridian. This town- v; ' 
ship is also known as Indian Point. The southeast township of the county is ' ... 
known as Salem township, and under congressional description would be known > . 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



as township 9, north of the base line, and in range 4, east of the fourth principal 
meridian. Each township is divided into sections ^each one mile square, and each 
township therefore has thirty-six sections. They are numbered beginning at the 
northeast corner of the township for number one, running westward six miles, 
then drop one mile south and you have section number seven, then you run east- 
ward six miles and you have section twelve, then drop southward one mile and 
run west six miles and you have section eighteen, and so on until you have num- 
bered all sections in the township, giving you thirty-six sections in all. Knox 
county has twenty townships which would make 720 sections, making approxi- 
mately 450,800 acres. ^ ' :" ^ .: ^ '.'-;: .:[-;:;.;.:^ 

It is a simple matter from the above congressional rule to describe any frac- 
tion of any section in the county. If you are purchasing the northeast quarter of 
section i, township ii north, in range i, east of the fourth principal meridian, 
you know that it is one hundred and sixty acres of land in the northeast corner of 
Galesburg township. 

The following table shows a complete description of each township in tiic 
county of Knox as at present existing : 



Indian Point 


Twp. 


9 


N., 


R. 


I 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. -; 


Cedar 


Twp. 


10 


N., 


R. 


I 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Galesburg 


Twp. 


II 


N., 


R. 


I 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Henderson 


Twp. 


12 


N., 


R. 


I 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Rio 


Twp. 


13 


N., 


R. 


I 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Chestnut 


Twp. 


9 


N., 


R. 


2 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Orange 


Twp. 


lO 


N., 


R. 


2 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Knox 


Twp. 


II 


N., 


R. 


2 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Sparta 


Twp. 


12 


N.. 


R. 


2 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. ; :. 


Ontario 


Twp. 


13 


N., 


R. 


2 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. :' 


Maquon 


Twp. 


9 


N., 


R. 


3 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Haw Creek 


Twp. 


lO 


N.. 


R. 


3 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Persifer 


Twp. 


II 


N., 


R. 


3 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Copley 


Twp. 


12 


N., 


R. 


3 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Walnut Grov( 


; Twp. 


13 


N., 


R. 


3 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. ; 


Salem 


Twp. 


9 


N., 


R. 


4 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. '"- 


Elba 


Twp. 


lO 


X., 


R. 


4 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. .: . ; 


Truro 


Twp. 


II 


N.. 


R. 


4 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 


Victoria 


Twp. 


12 


N., 


R. 


4 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. ; 


Lynn 


Twp. 


13 


N., 


R. 


4 


E. 


of 


the 


4th 


P. 


M. 



It is now proper to consider the governmental organization of the county. The 
writer once knew an intelligent, educated young Russian who remarked that the 
most noticeable thing he saw when he first came to America was the ease with 
which a new movement, society or party could be started. In Europe all social 
organizations began with the preacher or some ministerial officer. If he ap- 
proved, he called the meeting, called it to order, was its chairman, appointed its 
secretary and conducted the whole proceedings. In America when public action 
was considered necessary on any question, a self-appointed committee called a 
mass meeting, the people assembled and some one stated the object of the meeting. 
A resolution approving the object of the meeting would be offered, discussed and 
passed if approved, or a committee would be appointed and an adjournment taken 





Plate I Outline of Northwest Territoiy ceded to the United States by Virginia, Connecticut and 
Massachusetts. 

Plate II Division of Northwest Territory into Indiana and Ohio Territories. , :-. ..... 





^^. 



IV 



Plate III Division of Northwest Territory into State of Ohio and Illinois, Indiana and Michigan 

Territories. 

Plate I\' Division of Northwest Territory into States of Illinois, Indiana and Ohio and Territory of 

Michigan. , . . . . , . . . .^. . . . 



^ ^)/ -^^^i;; ';;;'^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' " 

to enable the committee to give the matter more careful consideration and present 
it in better shape to the adjourned meeting. The thing especially noticeable to 
the young Russian was the absence of the preacher, whereas in Europe he was 
the whole thing, while here the people originated and carried through their own 
measures. The preacher is welcome on such occasions, but he comes in citizens' 
clothing and not in ministerial robes or vestments. 

Township, county and state governments originate in very much the same - 
way. There is a little more formality in the start. They all possess a certain leg- .; 
islative, judicial and executive capacity which has to be recognized by other com- 
monwealths and it is necessary that such organizations have a definite starting, usu- ' 
ally by proclamation or notice from the proper constituted authority. When once 
set in motion the whole thing becomes a government by the people. i 

7; It has been shown that on January 13, 1825, the legislature fixed the boundary ; 
of Knox county, not as it is today, but giving to it sixteen townships. By the 
year 1830 it was believed that Knox county had 350 inhabitants, and it was so 
made to appear to the Hon. Richard M. Young, judge of the 5th judicial circuit 
of the state of Illinois, and on the tenth day of June, 1830, he issued his order 
for the organization of Knox county by the election of three county commission- 
ers, one sheriff and one coroner to serve in and for said county of Knox until 
superseded by the persons elected at the general election to be held the first Mon- 
day of August next. . i. 

The organization of Knox county is of such interest and importance to the 
people that all orders pertaining to the same are given in full, and no more fitting 
tribute of respect to the memory of John G. Sanborn, under whose skill and 
ability this organization was effected, than the publication of such orders in this 
history. The accuracy of these orders, written at such an early date, will be ob- 
served and appreciated by every attorney in this county. 

The following are ^the orders in the circuit court of said county held on the 
first Monday in October, 1830, which was the first day of the first term of said 
court ever held in Knox county. ;/;. . :' . -; 

.. .. \ ';; : /^x OCTOBER TERM, 1830 i^^' ^ ; .'-';'.> V" 

.') PLEAS, before the Honorable Richard M. Young, judge of the fifth judicial 
circuit of the state of Illinois, at a circuit court, began and holden in and for the 
county of Knox and state aforesaid, at the house of John B. Gum, Esq., in 
said county, on Eriday, the first day of October, it being the last Eriday before 
the first Monday in the said month of October, in the year of Our Lord, One 
thousand eight hundred and thirty, and of the independence of the United States - 
the fifty-fifth : ' . '. 

Present, The Hon. Richa.rd M. Young, circuit judge ; John G. Sanborn, clerk ; ,: 
Stephen Osborn, sheriff ; James M. Strode, Esq., state's atty. pro tem. 

ORDERED : That the order heretofore made on the tenth day of June in the . 
year of Our Lord, 1830, for the organization of the said county of Knox. tbgether 
with the order, made on the 5th day of July, A. D., 1830, regulating the times of 
holding the circuit court in said county, be spread upon the records of this court ; 
which said orders are in the words, and figures following, to wit : 



10 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^^-^ 

State of Illinois, ) ^, , \ ;.. - ;;. ; ; 

Fifth Judicial Circuit : j 

The People of the State of Illinois, to all who shall see these Presents: 
Greeting: 

Whereas, by the ninth and eleventh sections of the act entitled "An Act 
forming new Counties out of the Counties of Pike and Fulton, and the attached 
parts thereof" approved i3th January, 1825, it is made the duty of the presiding 
judge of the fifth judicial circuit of the state of Illinois, whenever it shall be 
made appear, to his satisfaction, that either of the counties of Hancock, Warren, 
Mercer, Henry, Putnam or Knox contain three hundred and fifty inhabitants, to 
proceed to organize the same, and to grant an order for the election of officers, 
preparatory thereto; and whereas, it has been made appear to my satisfaction, 
that the said county of Knox contains three hundred and fifty inhabitants and up- 
wards, and inasmuch as the greater part of the qualified voters of the said county, 
have requested by petition, that the same should be organized with as little delay 
as possible ; I do therefore in pursuance of the power vested in me by virtue of 
the 9th and nth sections of the above recited act, ORDER and DIRECT, that an elec- 
tion be held in and for the said county of Knox at the house of John B. Gum, on 
Saturday, the third day of July, A. D., 1830, for the election of three county com- 
missioners, one sheriff and one coroner, to serve, when elected and qualified, in 
and for the said county of Knox, respectively, until they shall be superseded, by 
the persons who may be elected at the general election, to be held on the first Mon- 
day in August next ; and for the purpose of having this order carried into execu- 
tion, I do hereby appoint Jacob Gum, Stephen Osborn and Nicholas Voiles of 
said county, judges of the said election, whose duty it shall be to set up written or 
printed advertisements, or notices of said election, in at least six of the most 
public places in said county inclusive of the place at which said election is hereby 
directed to be held, having regard to the situation and population of the different 
settlements within said county at least ten days previous to the said election, to 
the end that all persons concerned may have timely notice thereof. The election 
to be VIVA VOCE, between the hours of lo o'clock in the morning and 7 o'clock 
in the evening of said day and conducted, as /ar as may be practicable, in con- 
formity with the act entitled "An act regulating elections," approved January loth, 
1829. And lastly, the said judges are to certify the result of said election to the 
secretary of state as soon as thereafter may be convenient, in order that the per- 
sons who may be elected may be commissioned and qualified with as little delay 
as possible. And after the election of the said county officers, I do hereby de- 
clare the said county of Knox, to be organized, and entitled to the same rights 
and privileges, as the other counties in this state. 

Given under my hand and seal, at Lewistown, this loth day of June, in the 
year of Our Lord, 1830, and of the independence of the United States the fifty- 
fourth. . 

-..-, -A 1 

.; RICHARD M. YOUNG, ' 

'-''- 

\. :;.'.;,.: Judge Fifth Judicial Circuit, State of Illinois. ", 

JOHN G. SANBORN produced in court his appointment as clerk of said court, 
which was ordered to be entered of record, and is in the words and figures fol- 
lowing, to-wit : 



' > - ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ."xV^/ H 

State of Illinois, 



I Set. 



Fifth Judicial Circuit. 

; The People of the State of Illinois, to all who shall see these presents; 
Greeting: 

Know ye, that I, Richard M. Young, judge of the fifth judicial circuit of the 
state of Illinois, north of the Illinois river, and presiding judge of the circuit 
court, in and for, the county of Knox, and state aforesaid (whenever the same 
shall be organized), reposing especial trust and confidence in the integrity and 
capacity of John G. Sanborn, Esq., have, and by these presents do, for and in 
behalf of the people of the state of Illinois, appoint him clerk of the circuit 
court in and for the said county of Knox, and state aforesaid. And I do hereby 
authorize and empower him, to have and to exercise all the powers and duties, 
legally appertaining to the said office, and to collect and receive all the emolu- 
ments therefrom arising, during good behaviour. 

Given under my hand and seal, at Lewistown this loth day of June A. D., 
1830, and of the independence of the United States the fifty-fourth. -..-'< 
(SEAL) , , . - RICHARD M. YOUNG. -^ 

Judge Fifth Judicial Circuit, Illinois. 

Pursuant to the order of the Hon. Richard M. Young, judge of the fifth 
judicial circuit of the state of Illinois, for the holding of an election for the 
election of county commissioners, it will appear from the following that said 
election was held on the third day of July. 1830, and the action of the commis- 
sioners in pursuance thereof is herein entered in full. 

--' ' ' :.'- ' 

, COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COURT ^SPECIAL TERM JULY 7TH, 1830^ :. 

At a special term of a county commissioners court began and held at the 
house of John B. Gum, Esq., in and for the county of Knox in the state of Illi- 
nois on this seventh day of July A. D. 1830 (pursuant to notice of Riggs Pen- 
nington, Philip Hash and Charles Hansford, commissioners elect for said county ; 

Present, Riggs Pennington, Philip Hash and Charles Hansford, who, at an 
election, held in and for the said county of Knox, on the 3rd day of July A. D. 
1830, in pursuance of an order of the Honorable Richard M. Young, judge of 
the fifth judicial circuit, in the state of Illinois, were duly elected to the office of 
county commissioners for said county of Knox ; and the said county commis- 
sioners being duly sworn into office, the said court was declared duly organized 
for the transaction of business by Stephen Osborn the sheriff elect for said 
county. 

John B. Gum was appointed by the judges of this court as a clerk of said 
court. 

ORDERED: That this court be adjourned to meet at the same place on the 
9th day of July instant, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon of said day. 

The appointment of John B. Gum as clerk of the county commissioners 
court for some reason proved unsuccessful and he declined to serve, probably 
because he preferred to be county treasurer, to which office he was appointed 
July 9th. Whereupon John G. Sanborn was appointed. By this appointment 



12 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY >^-;:.: 

Mr. Sanborn became clerk of both courts in the county. The following orders 
of court will fully show this appointment: . . . . . 

. :^; ': SPECIAL TERM JULY 9, 1830 ./:' :/;.-' 

At a special term of the county commissioners court, began and held at the 
house of John B. Gum, Esq., in and for the county of Knox in the state of Illi- 
nois pursuant to adjournment, this pth day of July A. D. 1830. 

Present, Riggs Pennington, Philip Hash, Charles Hansford, county 
commissioners. 

John B. Gum who, at the last special term of this court, was appointed clerk 
of said court, having declined the acceptance of said appointment, John G. San- 
bom was thereupon appointed clerk of this court. t ;; . 

John G. Sanborn produced in court his appointment as clerk of the county 
commissioners court for the county of Knox, and was sworn into office by Philip 
Hash one of the commissioners of said court ; which appointment and oath is in 
the words and figures following, to wit: 

Knox County, | c .. : , ' - 

State of Illinois, j ' ,- ... 

To all who shall see these presents, Greeting: 

Know ye, that we the undersigned county commissioners in and for the 
said county of Knox and state of Illinois, reposing special trust and confidence 
in the integrity and capacity of John G. Sanborn, have, and by these presents do, 
in behalf of the people of the said county of Knox, appoint the said John G. 
Sanborn clerk of the county commissioners court in and for the said county of 
Knox and state of Illinois. And we do hereby authorize and empower the said 
John G. Sanborn, to have and to exercise all the powers and duties legally 
appertaining to the said office, and to collect and receive all the emoluments, 
arising therefrom, during good behavior. 

Given under our hands and seals this ninth day of July in the year of Our 
Lord 1830, and of the independence of the United States the fifty- fourth,] 

..... , CHARLES HANSFORD, ..... (SEAL) . 

.^ . . . RIGGS PENNINGTON, ';";';, (SEAL) -I, 

': PHILIP HASH, ' - ^' (SEAL) 

ORDERED: That the temporary seat of justice for Knox county shall be at 
the house of John B. Gum, Esq.. in said county. 

ORDERED : That for the purpose of holding the next general election, to be 
held on the first Monday of August next, the said county of Knox shall be one 
precinct and that the said election shall be held at the house of John B. Gum, 
Esq. 

ORDERED: That Jacob Gum. Nicholas V^oiles and Thomas Maxwell be ap- 
pointed to act as judges of election in the district composed of the county of 
Knox. :.::-.-; 1: -V 

ORDERED: That t.he clerk be authorized to procure a suitable seal for this 
court, and also a suitable seal for the circuit court ; and also all necessary and 
suitable books, for the circuit and county commissioners courts, for said county, 

ORDERED : That the sum of seventy-five cents be allowed to each of the 



/:^; ;;:;:'; ..:-;-f HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; V - :K: 18 

judges and clerks of an election held on the 3rd day of July ; and that the clerk 
issue an order on the treasurer in favor of each, viz., . . . ,j, 

No. I Jacob Gum, for seventy-five cents. v . :. 

; ' No. 2 Nicholas Voiles, for seventy-five cents. ,- . , '. ' -; ''^-. ; 

; .; No. 3 Stephen Osborn, for seventy-five cents. ^ r : ':> v-i V, ^ ^' v : 

No. 4 William McMurtry for seventy-five cents. /--'^ '''' '^ 

;. :' No. 5 Jonathan C. Reed for seventy-five cents. 

John B. Gum was appointed by the Commissioners of this Court, Treasurer 
for the county of Knox, and it was . C 

OIIDERED: That the clerk deliver to him his appointment, and request him 
to file his bond, for the penal sum of five hundred dollars with the clerk of this 
court before the next term thereof. 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue a license for retailing spirituous liquors for 
the term of one year from the date thereof, to Samuel S. White in said county, 
on his paying into the county treasury the sum of two dollars, and to the clerk 
his fees for issuing the same ; and that the following tavern rates be established, 
for the regulation of the said Samuel S. White, viz : 

For a half pint of whiskey 12^ cents 

- For a half pint of brandy i8^ cents V; 

For a half pint of wine ' 25 cents ' 

For a meal of victuals 25 cents 

; . For lodging for one person one night 12^ cents :.;: 

: For a feed of corn or oats for a horse 12^ cents .;' . 

For feed and stabling for a horse one night 25 cents 

We have now traced the territorial jurisdiction and the organization of the 
county of Knox to a point where everything may proceed with orderly sequence. 
We are now leaving that part of our subject to take up the general business of 
the county at a point where we have the circuit and county commissioners courts 
fully established and all the county officers properly inducted into office. 

It is interesting to notice, however, that the first act of the county after its full 
preparation to do business was the granting of a license to sell intoxicating liq- 
uor, a thing which could not be done today under any circumstances whatever. 
The board of supervisors have at different times been petitioned for the grant- 
ing of such a license and have always refused to do so by an overwhelming vote. 
We may learn one thing, however, from this record, that the drinking of liquor 
in all probability was not carried on in the tippling house proper but was pur- 
chased and taken home in small quantities for home consumption, which much 
minimizes the evil of the traffic. The tippling house with its attendant evils was 
reserved for the time when the business became differentiated from all other 
businesses and when the fight for profits was concentrated upon the sale of liq- 
uor alone. 

It will be our duty to take up in the next and succeeding chapters a considera- 
tion of the more important transactions of the county of Knox. 



14 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



:. MINOR COURTS AND PERMANENT SEAT OF JUSTICE '> ' 
:/ : .:- .^^::.VV..:-..>..-:X;- :-/ ::..rv-:v:-:<;^. . 

After placing the county machinery in good working order, the commissioners 
undertook the work of providing minor courts for the people, and to get posses- 
sion of such funds as were coming from the county of Fulton from taxes levied 
on Knox county property while Knox county was under judicial control of Fulton 
county as shown in previous pages of this history. The orders on these matters 
are given in full for the purpose of showing methods of transacting business in 
those days. 

ORDERED: That for the election of justices of the peace and constables, the ' 
county of Knox shall be and hereby is divided into two districts, bounded and 
defined as follows: The first of said districts shall include all that part of the .v , ' - 
said county lying north of the township line between townships number ten and .; 
eleven north, and shall be called the "Henderson" district. And the second of 
said districts, shall include all that part of said county lying south of the town- 
ship line between townships number ten and eleven north, and shall be called the .;; 
."Spoon River" district. i: 

ORDERED: That J^cob Gum, Nicholas Voiles and Thomas Maxwell be, and 'VV.: 
hereby are, appointed judges of elections for justices of the peace and consta- . 'v' 
bles, in the "Henderson" district in the county of Knox, and that elections in : ' .' 
said district be held at the house of John B. Gum, Esq., and that an election be 
held in said district on the 7th day of August next, for three justices of the j I'',- 
peace and two constables. ' ;/., 

ORDERED: That Abraham Swarts, Hiram Palmer and Parnack Owen, be, and ., 
are hereby, appointed judges of elections for justices of the peace and consta- ; :- 
bles in the "Spoon River" district in the county of Knox, and that elections in ; . 
said district be held at the house of Abraham Swarts, Esq., and that an election '..-.''^ 
be held in said district on Saturday the 7th day of August next, for two justices ' 1 . 

of the peace and two constables. :. : 'V .^'^-.?.'^ '':':'. '':-"?! '-rV;-.^'-; 

To the County Commissioners of Fulton County : 

We the undersigned county commissioners of Knox county do hereby peti- 
tion your honorable court to grant an order of said court, to furnish to the 
clerk of the county commissioners court of Knox county a list of the property 
in said county of Knox, assessed for taxation by the county of Fulton for the ,\ .. 
present year, and to relinquish to the said county of Knox, the right of collect- v 
ing said taxes. And should the above petition be granted, we do hereby agree to 
account to your honorable court, for all taxes on lands in said county of ? 
Knox, with which the county of Fulton may have become chargeable by the - 
auditor of public accounts; and further, to account for expenses legally in-, 
curred in taking the assessment of said county of Knox. ;.;..; 

Dated Knox county, this I7th day of July, 1830. \^ ' .. u'^-,^ V I .- ^ ^ !V^^^, 
V >^.;!:-.. . . . .' ^ ''.'''': CHARLES HANSFORD, ', 'f^ 

- -.^^ ;X- ;,.,'.' ..,- ' '':' ^']- ..-''.'.;;' RiGGs PEXNINGTON, , ./;';v!.y 

PHILIP HASH. V^' 

ORDERED: That the clerk of this court leave the above recited memorial, -:''v. 
with the clerk of the county commissioners court of Fulton county, and re- 
quest him to lay the same before said court, at their next regular or special term. 



- .; V. : / "f HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ ^ 16 

' It will be remembered that Riggs Pennington, Philip Hash and Charles Hans- 
ford were elected members of county commissioners court on July 3, 1830, to 
organize the county; that they met on the 7th of July and adjourned to July gth; 
that on said July gth they ordered a new election to be held at the house of John 
B. Gum on the first Monday in August following at the time of the general 
election; that election was held as provided and Pennington, Hash and Alexan- 
der Frakes were elected to the first commissioners court under the general 
election in the county. At the December term 1830 of the court was reported 
upon what conditions the county commissioners of Fulton county would turn 
over to Knox county the collection of taxes which had been levied by Fulton 
county on Knox county property. The order of approval is as follows : 

ORDERED: That the conditions proposed by county commissioners of Ful- 
ton county at their special term on the 26th of August, as certified by the clerk 
of said court on file be accepted, and that the clerk of this court issue an order for 
the sum of eight dollars and twenty-five cents, and cause the said amount to be 
paid into the county treasury of Fulton county on or before the first Monday of 
March, 1831. 

It seems from the above that the work of assessing and extending the taxes 
on Knox county property at that time could be done for $8.25. The assessment 
of taxes at that time was a very simple matter. The following order was entered 
at the March term 1831 of said court. 

ORDERED: That a tax of one-half per centum be assessed on all personal 
property liable to taxation by law, in the county of Knox for the year 1831. 
':' John B. Gum, treasurer of Knox county, produced in court a statement of 
his account with the said county as follows: ,. 

The county of Knox in a/c with John B. Gum ................... ..... Cr. 

By Specie received of Sam'I S. White for tavern license ............ .\$ 2.OO 

By amount of the revenue received from the state treasury for the -; 

year 1830 being Jhe specie rec'd in exchange for the same ........ 320.00 

By amount rec'd from the sheriff of Knox county being the amount 

collected by him for taxes on personal property for the year 1830 as . 
; follows, viz : ................................................. ; ;t -ix ' 

- - State Paper ................................. $ 5.00 , v;-V; .';' A>:; 

; ;'* ' County Orders .............................. 10.75 ' - 

''''''^-^ Specie ..................................... . 3-57 19-32 



The county of Knox Dr. To paid county orders as follows, viz : 

: . ; No. I Jacob Gum ................................. 75 v -. ' , ; 

,; No. 2 Nicholas Voiles ............................. 75 :^'V -:-;:''. :K; 

'... No. 3 Stephen Osborn ............................. 75 .;P,':':''V^ 

No. 4 Wm. McMurtry ............................. 75 -. . 

. No. 7 Nicholas Voiles ............................. 75 ;'.; } . v ^ 

." No. 8 Charles Hansford ........................... 75 -:^'-/,: '^1 

. No. lO Wm. McMurtry ............................. 75 . ?; x, ' 7-' ' 

. No. 13 Charles Hansford .......................... 1.50 T 

> ; No. 19 John B. Gum .............................. 4.00 -^ 10.75 

Balance remaining in the county treasury this 7th day of March, 1831 . .$330.57 
. , JOHN B. GUM, Treasurer of Knox County, 



16 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

ORDERED: That the above account be accepted, and that the treasurer be al- 
lowed two per cent on the amount paid out of the county treasury as per the 
above account. 

ORDERED: That John B. Guni^be reappointed treasurer of Knox county and 
that he be required to give a new bond for the penal sum of five hundred dollars, 
and file the same in this court. 

The money received from the state was the greatest part of the revenue of 
the county as shown by the above report of the county treasurer. Five hundred 
dollars was the amount of the treasurer's bond for that year. 

The temporary seat of justice was at the house of John B. Gum, Esq., located 
on section 32, Henderson township. In the very nature of things, this arrange- 
ment could not last long. Accordingly on the I2th day of March, 1831, the 
county commissioners ordered the construction of a court house upon specifica- 
tions which are entered below. The contract for the building was let in two 
parts and was divided according to the following orders: 

ORDERED: That a contract be entered into with the lowest bidder for the 
erection of a court house as follows: To be built of logs hewed on the ground 
and raised two stories high, the first story to be nine feet high between the 
sleepers and joists, the second story to be eight feet between the joists and top 
of the wall plates; the size of the building to be twenty-eight feet long and 
twenty feet wide, the corners to be sawed down after the building is raised. 
Thirteen sleepers to be delivered on the ground; and thirteen joists to be nine 
inches by three inches in size to be hewed straight and planed smooth and placed 
in the building at equal distances apart, level and ready for the reception of a 
floor; said building to be erected on such part of the quarter section designated 
by law, for the seat of justice for said county as may be selected by the county 
commissioners on or before the loth day of April^ and said job to be completed 
on or before the 2Oth day of May next; said building to be placed on a solid and 
permanent foundation of pillars of stone, one at each corner and one at the 
center of each side, to be raised one foot above the surface of the ground. The 
sills are to be hewed square, ten by twelve inches in size and to be laid level and 
so as to leave four inches clear inside the logs, and to be made of good sound 
over cup* or white oak timber the first round of logs above the sills also to be 
over cup or white oak; the wall plates are to be hewed square, lo by 8 inches in 
size and to be delivered on the ground two plates 28 feet long, and two plates 
20 feet long. 

ORDERED: That a contract be entered into with the lowest bidder, for com- 
pleting and finishing the court house in the following manner, viz : The plates 
are to be raised and laid level and a good substantial roof to be put on, made of 
good black walnut shingles i8 inches in length, jointed and well put on; thirteen 
sleepers to be hewed on one side and laid level in a workmanlike manner, and a 
floor of good white oak or ash plank one and one- fourth inch thick and 7 by 9 
inches wide to be laid close but not jointed or laid down tight; two windows and 
one door to be cut out and cased and faced with plank, the windows to be of 
suitable size to receive the sash for 12 lights of glass 8 by lO inches, the door to 
be of good large suitable size, and to be made of good plank and made to fit the 



*burr oak. 




Plate V That part of Illinois ceded by the Indians Nov. 3rd, 180*. 
covering Knox County. 




Plate VI Pike County, Illinois, covering what is now Knox County. . ;.. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ? ; ^ 17 

casing, and well hung in a workmanlike manner. The windows and door to be 
placed in such part of the building as the commissioners may direct on or before 
the 2oth day of May next, and the whole work to be completed before the first 
Monday in June next. 

At this time there was no town in which, and no land belonging to the county, 
on which to build this court house. Nevertheless, on the same day the court 
entered the following orders: 

ORDERED: That a contract be entered into with the lowest bidder for posts 
and stakes for laying out a town at the seat of justice for said county as follows: 
Four posts for the corners of the public square to be seven feet in length, 12 
inches squari, to be hewed and planed for four feet in length and a suitable head 
cut or turned, the head to be painted white and the remainder of the four feet 
to be painted red or black three feet at the lower end of said posts to be left 
the full size of the timber, and to be the butt ends of white oak or over cup trees. 
Three hundred stakes three feet in length, to be shaved four inches square for 
one foot in length at the upper end' the lower end to be hewed or shaved to a 
point and the remainder to be hewed or shaved square to be delivered at or 
near the center of the quarter section designated for the seat of justice for said 
county on or before the ist day of April next. The posts may be painted after 
they shall be placed in the ground at any time before the 2Oth day of May next, 
the stakes to be made of large over cup timber suitable for board timber. 

ORDERED: That the foregoing jobs of work be offered to be let to the lowest 
bidder upon the following terms, viz: One-third part of the amount of each 
contract to be paid out of the county treasury on taking the contract and upon 
the contractor's giving bond with security approved by the court for the per- 
formance of the contract ; and the other two-thirds of the amount of edch con- 
tract to be paid out of the first money arising from the sale of lots in said town, 
or out of the revenue which may be due from the state treasury to said county 
for the year 1831, whenever it shall come into the county treasury. Every per- 
son taking a contract, shall within two days after taking a contract, enter into 
a bond with sufficient security in a penalty of double the aniount of said con- 
tract for the faithful performance of the same. . / 

William Lewis, having offered to take the first contract for the erection of a 
court house for the sum of seventy-eight dollars, and being the lowest bidder for 
same it is therefore ORDERED: That a contract be entered into for the same. 

Parnach Owen, having offered to take the second contract for completing and 
finishing the court house, for the sum of one hundred dollars, and he being the 
lowest bidder, it is ORDERED : That a contract be entered into with him for same. 

Andrew Osborn, having offered to take the third contract for posts and 
stakes, for the sum of fifteen dollars, and he being the lowest bidder for the 
same it is therefore ORDERED: That a contract be made with him for the same. 

On the i4th day of March it was concluded that six more windows were 
needed in the court house and we find the following entry. 

Parnach Owen, having offered to make six additional windows in the court 
house of the same description as those mentioned in his contract, for the sum of 
six dollars, ORDERED: That the same be added to his contract. 

Provision having been made for a court house, the county commissioners 
took steps to acquire land on which to build and for laying out a town which 



Vol. I 1 



18 " HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

should constitute a permanent seat of justice. On March 24th the following 
proceedings were had in said matter: 

ORDERED : That some suitable person be employed to proceed on to the land 
offices in Springfield, as agent for the county of Knox, to secure the title to said 
county by pre-emption for the S. W. 28 ii N. 2 E., being the land designated 
by law as the permanent seat of justice, for said county; and for this purpose 
that the same be offered to the lowest bidder upon his giving bond in a penalty 
of double the amount of money entrusted to him, with sufficient securties to be 
approved by the court, conditioned that the person so employed and empowered 
shall proceed to go to the land offices in Springfield as soon as practicable, and 
make application for said land in the name of the county commissioners of said 
county, and make return of the certificate he may receive for said land, on or 
before the loth day of April next, to the said commissioners or to the clerk of 
said court. 

Rees Jones, having offered to go on to the land offices at Springfield as agent 
as before mentioned, for the sum of eight dollars, and having offered a bond 
for the faithful performance of said commission as above specified, it is 
ORDERED: That the said offer and bond be accepted and that the bond be filed 
in the clerk's office. 

ORDERED: That Rees Jones be and he hereby is employed and authorized as 
agent for the county commissioners of Knox county, to proceed on to the land 
offices at Springfield and make application in the name of the said county com- 
missioners for the use of said county, for the southwest quarter of section twen- 
ty-eight, in township eleven north, in range two east, of the fourth principal 
meridian, being the quarter section designated by law for the seat of justice for 
said county, and to which the said commissioners are entitled to the right of 
pre-emption, according to the laws of the United States, and that the clerk of 
this court furnish them with a certified copy of this order, and also a certified 
copy of the act passed at the last session of the general assembly of this state, 
entitled "An act to establish a permanent seat of justice for Knox county and 
for other purposes," approved January 15, 1831. And for the purposes afore- 
said, the clerk is hereby authorized to issue an order on the treasurer in favor of 
Rees Jones, agent for said commissioners, as aforesaid for the sum of two hun- 
dred and five dollars. r -'-,: ^ -.::-'.''' h - ' 'V . ; 

ORDERED : That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Rees 
Jones for eight dollars, his compensation for going to Springfield as agent for 
the county commissioners of Knox county. 

Having arranged for the purchase of land on which to build a town and a 
court house, the committee on the first day of April, 1831, entered into a con- 
tract with Parnach Owen for dividing the same into lots and blocks according 
to the following plan. 

ORDERED: That a contract be made with Parnach Owen for laying out the 
town of Henderson, the minutes of which contract are as follows: The said 
Owen agrees to survey and establish the exterior lines and corners of the south- 
west quarter of section twenty-eight in township eleven north, in range two 
east, and to lay off the streets of said town as follows: Main street to be six 
rods wide, the north side of said street to be 54 rods south of, and parallel with 
the north line of the said quarter section ; two other streets 4 rods wide to be laid 




fla^j; ^ 



Plate \'II Fulton County, Illinois, covering the south four townships of what is now Knox County. 

Plate \'III Knox County, Illinois, as formed Jan. 13, 18i5. The north four townships of Knox 
County of to-day, then covered by Henry County. 





Plate IX Knox County, Illinois, as formed Jan. 15, 1831, being the same as to-day, with two town- 
ships added on the northeast. 



Plat. V k'nnv rniintM 



:' V-- .; ; ' ^: :; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . 19 

' " \ ' 

out at a distance of 20 rods one on each side of and parallel with Main street; 
two other streets 4 rods wide to be laid out from South to North across said quar- 
ter section 40 rods distant from and parallel with the east and west lines of said 
quarter section ; and two other cross streets 4 rods wide extending from the 
south to North street, and crossing Main street and 20 rods from and parallel 
with the east and west streets and bounding the public square on the east and 
west sides ; the public square to be laid out and bounded east and west by the two 
last mentioned cross streets and extending lo rods north and south of Main 
street; all the blocks between north and south street to be laid out in lots to 
contain one quarter of an acre of land and to be lo rods in length by 40 rods in 
width fronting north and south upon one of the streets running east and west; 
the remainder of the quarter section to be laid off into out lots as follows : The 
land on the north side of North street to be divided into 4 lots and the land on 
the south side of South street to be divided into 8 lots as nearly equal in size as 
may be thought advisable, said Owen to stick and drive and number the stakes 
at the corners of the lots and set 4 posts and the said Owen is to be paid twelve 
and a half cents for each large and small lot, in said town as a full compensation 
for laying out and surveying said town ; to be paid and discharged in lots in said 
town at the same prices and rates as may be obtained for the same at the first 
sale of lots for cash or prompt payment. 

On the 9th day of April, 1831, there was another meeting of the county com- 
missioners at which was presented the following receipt showing the purchase 
of land which had been set apart by law for the seat of justice of Knox county. 

.'.:-:/;''::':..";; "''.' .;{:r'^ RECEIVER'S OFFICE. '/.J.'- /-:.: . ' ^.'^'V:-' '.'':';:" 

No. 4793. (Duplicate) ;;V ' . ;" ^' : ' ' :'_::.'.::: - -v , . .-; 

' ;-'';;>..>: : -, SPRINGFIELD, April ist, 1831. 

Received from Alexander C. Frakes and Riggs Penning^on, (county commis- 
sioners of Knox county. 111.) the sum of two hundred dollars, being in full for 
S. W. qr. of section No. 28, township No. ii North, Range No. 2 east, 4th pi. 
md. containing one hundred and sixty acres at the rate of $1.25 per acre. $200. 

/: V'-'V;.'xV. --^ -''':' ';---^'-;;-v^ JOHN TAYLOR, Receiver. 

And now having acquired perfect title to the land by purchase from the gov- 
ernment and having subdivided the same into lots and blocks, a day was fixed 
for the sale of such lots and blocks as it was deemed advisable to offer at the 
time. .:'.>>;.:-:;;:".';;''; '' ^.'- ..;','';- 

ORDERED : That a sale of lots in the town of Henderson be made on the 23rd 
day of April, 1831, as follows: The lots which may be offered for sale will be 
sold to the highest bidder, and immediately after the sale of the lots, the pur- 
chasers will be required to give a note or obligation with approved security for 
the amount for which each lot shall be sold, payable in three equal installments ; 
one-third part of said amount payable in 12 months, one-third part in i8 months, 
and one-third part in 24 months from the day of sale; subject, however, to a 
deduction of eight per centum per annum, for the payment of the said amount 
at the time of sale, or at the same rate for the payment of any of the said in- 
stallments, at any time before the same shall become due; and the purchasers 
will receive from the county commissioners a bond for a deed to be made on 



20 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



the full payment of the amount for which each lot may be sold; and the clerk V 
is required to prepare blank bonds and notes for said sale. j-; 

A plat of the ground as surveyed was made and acknowledged by the ,/, 
county commissioners before William McMurtry, a justice of the peace of said . 
county, being the town of Henderson, and was delivered to the recorder of the 
county according to law on the 23rd day of April, 1831, being the day on which' 
certain lots were sold at auction. At that sale seventy-nine lots were sold for ^ 
$1,256 or an average price of practically $15.90 per lot. The lots varied in price 
from $4 up to $6i each. For making the survey Parnach Owen was paid the 
sum of $18.25 ^"d it was ordered that the court house be located on the south- 
west corner of lot lo, in block 5, so as to front on Main street 28 feet. It was . 
ordered that a further sale of lots be made on Monday the i3th day of June, * . 
1831. Upon that day a second sale was made which resulted in disposing of .:' v 
eighteen lots for a gross sum of $233.50. Upon the same day the work per- 
formed by William Lewis on the court house was examined and approved and '' 
Mr. Lewis was discharged from the contract and was paid $52, also Parnach ;-:^.' 
Owen appeared and was discharged from the contract and he was allowed $6 :; ' ' 
in addition for extra work and paid $76.66. Upon the same day Andrew Os- ; 
born appeared with his contract for stakes and posts which was declared satis- . . 
fied and he was discharged from further work and the clerk was directed to - ' . 
issue an order on the treasurer in the sum of $io in payment of said contract. 

On the 6th day of September, 1831, the county commissioners court con- -'V' 
vened and entered the following order in regard to further work upon the ,; ^ 
court house. .:;' 

ORDERED: That notice be given that on Saturday the I7th day of Septem- :;; 
ber inst. at the court house in the town of Henderson, the following jobs of ' 
work will severally be let to the lowest bidder, to-wit: For underpinning the ' ' 
walls of the court house and for finishing the walls of the court house by chink- ' \' 
ing and daubing the same, and nailing boards on the outside over the cracks v;;. 
and daubing. For furnishing oak or ash plank and laying loose the upper floor ,- 
in the court house. For furnishing sash, glass, putty, etc., and finishing the win- 
dows of the court house; making a suitable seat for the judge, table for the 
clerk and seats for the court, the particulars respecting the same to be made f . 
known at the time they are let out. ;. ' . > vV; ^j ' v.v' / ' - ;^':' 

ORDERED : That John G. Sanborn be authorized to procure a suitable stove 
and stove pipe for the court house, and also a lock and key for the same. 

ORDERED: That no family be permitted to reside in the court house, and 
that as soon as the same shall be finished it shall be kept locked, and the key 
thereof deposited with the clerk of this court. .; 

On the 1 7th day of September, 1831, the commissioners proceeded to let the 
contract for completing the court house according to the notice previously given 
and the reading of the contract and specifications are so quaint and full of in- ; 
structions that they are given in full below. It is certainly a matter of educa- 
tion to the people of today and will continue to be such more and more as time 
passes on. They are as follows: 

The commissioners proceeded agreeably to notice given to let out the jobs 
of work for finishing the court house as follows : A contract was entered into by 
the commissioners with Robert K. Hendricks for underpinning the court house 



;y>f:;. ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . . yt 21 

with good sound rock to be laid to face on the outside and laid tight and in a 
workmanlike manner. Also to chink the cracks of the walls on the inside with 
blocks of suitable size to fill the cracks and of convenient lengths to be laid in 
lengthwise so as to fill up the cracks full and plum with the wall and fastened 
with pins well drove into the logs and the pins sawed off close: The cracks to 
be filled full and plum with the outside of the logs with clay mortar well worked 
and tempered and mixed with straw or hay and rough boards of sufficient width 
to cover the cracks and daubing to be nailed on the outside over the daubing 
to be completed on or before the 22nd day of October next, and for which the 
said commissioners agreed to pay to the said Hendricks the sum of thirty- 
seven dollars and a half, of which one dollar and forty-nine cents is to be paid 
out of the treasury upon entering contract as above, and the remaining sum of 
thirty-six to be allowed to the said Hendricks in payment of any town lots 
sold at any former sale : it was 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of the said 
Robert K. Hendricks for the sum of one dollar and forty-nine cents on the 
above named contract. 

Calvin Glass having offered to furnish oak or ash plank i ^ inches thick and 
eight or nine inches wide for the upper floor in the court house, and to lay the 
same loose, on or before the 22nd day of October next, for the sum of eighteen 
dollars, which offer was accepted by the commissioners one-half of the said 
sum to be paid by an order on treasurer on the ensealing hereof, and the other 
half to be paid on the completion of the same : Whereupon it was 

ORDERED : That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Calvin 
Glass for the sum of nine dollars on the above contract. 

Calvin Glass offered to finish and complete eight windows in the court house 
and to furnish glass, putty and other materials requisite for the same each win- 
dow to contain two sash, each of six lights of 8 by lo glass (12 lights to each 
window), the glass to be set with putty and the sash to be primed, fitted and put 
in in a workmanlike manner. Also to erect a seat or stand for the judges as fol- 
lows: a platform to be erected seven feet long, three and a half feet wide and 
eighteen inches high, with a step or stair at each end of the same; standards to 
be inserted and framed in, and the front and back to be closed up with plank 
neatly jointed and matched, the front to be two feet nine inches above the top 
of the platform, and an inclined writing shelf about fifteen inches broad placed 
on the top, projecting over the front about one-third part of the width of it. 
The platform to be framed and put together so as to stand independent of the 
walls of the building the whole to be made of good suitable plank in a work- 
manlike manner. Also a table two feet and ten inches high, seven feet long and 
three and a half feet wide, the legs to be framed together at the top and bottom, 
and to be made strong and finished in a neat, substantial, and workmanlike man- 
ner. Also six seats or benches of- suitable height, nine or ten feet long and at least 
twelve inches wide, to be made of suitable plank, the l^s to be of plank and 
braced with strips on each side, and to be planed smooth and made strong and 
substantial ; to furnish all the materials requisite and suitable for the whole of 
the above work and to complete the same on or before the 22nd of October next, 
for the sum of forty-three dollars, to be paid out of the county treasury on the 
completion of said work ; and the said offer having been accepted. 



22 ' : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

ORDERED: That the clerk prepare written contracts for the above work with 
Calvin Glass and execute the same on part of the commissioners upon his enter- 
ing into contract and giving security for the performance of the same. 

On September 7th, 1831, the following orders were given: 

ORDERED : That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Robert 
K. Hendricks for the sum of five dollars and fifty cents in part on his contract 
for completing the court house. 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Calvin 
Glass for the siun of fifteen dollars in part on his contract for windows, etc., for 
the court house. . , 

September 15, 1832, we find the following orders: 

Upon the request of the court, George A. Charles and John B. Gum having 
taken into consideration the contract of Robert K. Hendricks, and having ex- 
amined the work performed under said contract, gave it as their opinion to the 
court, that the said Robert K. Hendricks is not entitled to full compensation for 
said work, but that the sum of two dollars and fifty cents be deducted from the 
amount of said contract. Whereupon it is 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Robert 
K. Hendricks, or bearer, for the sum of twenty-eight dollars, receivable in pay- 
ment of any town lots sold at any sale previous to the ijth day of October, 1831, 
as a full compensation for the work done on said contract, and that the said con- 
tract and bond be endorsed satisfied, and the said Robert K. Hendricks and his 
security be released from said contract and bond. 

ORDERED : That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer for the sum of 
thirty-three dollars in favor of Calvin Glass or bearer, being in full compensation 
for a certain contract entered into by the said Glass for finishing the court house 
by putting in windows, making seats, table and judge's stand, and the above in- 
cluding five dollars additional compensation for extra work done on the judge's 
stand, etc., and that the said contract and bond be endorsed satisfied. 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Calvin 
Glass or bearer, for the sum of nine dollars in full, compensation for his con- 
tract for furnishing plank and laying loose the upper fioor of the court house; 
and that the said Calvin Glass be held on his contract accountable for any de- 
ficiency of plank which may be required to lay said floor agreeably to contract. 



THE TOPOGRAPHY AiND GEOLOGY OF KNOX COUNTY 

BY FREDERICK R. JELLIFF 

The topography of Knox county is determined by the watershed between 
the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. This elevation diagonally traverses the 
northwest part of the county and creates two main drainage districts, the one to 
the south and southeast with Spoon river as its main channel, and the other to 
the northwest, with branches of Pope and Henderson creeks furnishing the 
outlet. By much the larger part of the county is drained by Spoon river and 
its net work of creeks with their brooks and rivulets. These run south and 
east on the north and west side of the river and north and northwest and west 



^ ^^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' > ; ' 28 

on the east and south side of the river. This ridge varies from a quarter to a 
mile in width and is part of the watershed extending from nearly the north 
boundary of the State to the south and west. 

Knox county is thus by no means a uniform surface, a level prairie, but 
is diversified, with its rich prairie uplands, its long slopes to the streams, its 
rounded hills, its often broad valleys and occasionally abrupt bluffs. 

There is a remarkable ramification of streams as a glance at the map will 
show. Counting the mapped contributary streams. Spoon river has a total 
of 352 tributaries in this county, not including those of Walnut creek, that afford 
drainage to every mile of its basin. On the north it has twelve main streams and 
twelve on the south and east. Court creek, running east from east of Galesburg 
to the river gets to be a fine stream often with wide and picturesque valley, 
with high, rounded hills for a border; and emptying into it are nine main 
branches, some of which extend far north into the adjacent territory. Haw 
creek is another handsome stream, with Brush as one of its main assets, and with 
a total of eleven main tributaries, including those of Brush. French creek 
which flows from the east brings to Spoon river the waters of ten main tribu- 
taries, while Willow creek in the extreme south part of the county conveys the 
waters of five more. The laterals of all these creeks have their subdivisions, 
their sloughs and their draws, extending into seemingly level uplands, and all 
charged with water during times of heavy rainfalls. In all are 352 recognizable 
and mapped Spoon river streams, little and big, reticulated like veins, conveying 
water, sculpturing the land, often filled with precious humus, and gradually 
planing down the level of the county. Every hill is the result of this process, 
and every valley represents the work of a stream. 

Walnut creek, which drains the northeast part of the county, has no less 
than sixty-seven tributaries little and big, including the subdivisions of its main 
branches, and is a Spoon river auxiliary. To the northwest are Pope creek 
with twenty-five tributaries, and Henderson with forty-seven, and including 
Cedar Fork with fifteen, all flowing west into the Mississippi river, while in 
the extreme southwest part of the county is Cedar creek with twenty-four 
tributaries emptying into Spoon river. 

. 1>-^', ..;'--:i';'^v>.' /'/' ^v. V THE STREAM SYSTEM ' ', ^:'l. ''-'' 



To recapitulate the stream system of the county, including all mapped 
streams, is as follows: 

Spoon river, unnamed 21 

Walnut creek 67 

Court creek 64 

Brush creek ; 43 

Haw creek , . v\r /;- 45 

Willow creek 22 

French creek 51 

Cedar creek 24 

Miscellaneous 15 

Pope creek 25 



24 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Henderson creek 48 

Cedar Fork 15 



Total 440 

Of this total, eighty-eight find their way to the Mississippi, while the remainder 
belong to the Spoon river system. 

Thus all told on the 720 square miles of territory in this county there are 
440 streams, agencies in shaping the surface and giving it its present contour and 
character. These are fed by the thirty-six to forty-eight inches of annual rain- 
fall, either by direct flow from the surface, or from seepage or springs. It 
should also be remembered that every stream has for its feeders its rills and 
rivulets. It is indeed amazing how large a work is accomplished by a mere 
streamlet during a heavy rain, as it excavates a ravine in the soft hill side, or 
plows its way down a cultivated incline, bearing soil away to the bottom land. 

A Knox county hill represents the labor usually of two small streams that 
in descending from the upland gradually excavate more and more deeply until 
the bottom is reached through which they meander to the main channel, the hill 
sides meanwhile being rounded into agreeable proportions by the washing away 
of the material and the action of frost and atmosphere. As one walks along a 
creek like Court he can see hill after hill, between each two of which comes 
tumbling and singing a rivulet. The four hundred and forty streams mean there- 
fore more than this number of hills, indicating that the areas of level land are 
never more than a few square miles in extent and that the whole territory is 
magnificently drained. 

;.., ; - ;; THE DRAINAGE AREA ;; 

When one comes to the drainage areas he finds that they are approximately 
distributed as follows: 

Spoon river drainage area 430 square miles. 

Walnut creek drainage area ii8 square miles. 

Pope creek drainage area 30 square miles. 

Henderson creek drainage area 62 square miles. 

Cedar Fork drainage area 28 square miles. -/[/I 

; : ; .V THE ALTITUDES ' 

The highest altitude on record in the county is that at Wataga, 835 feet above 
the sea level; the lowest, 532 feet, that at the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy 
bridge at London Mills. The river bed is some distance below the bridge, so 
that the elevation of the river itself is less than the figure shown for the bridge. 
Then the 835 feet is not the highest altitude. Wataga is about a mile south of 
the watershed and on its southern slope. The elevation of the ridge is higher 
than Wataga. Northwest of Oneida is Pilot Knob, a conspicuous landmark and 
in the early day serving as a guide to travelers. From this the land slopes in 
all directions and the altitude at its summit must be considerably greater than that 
of Wataga. It is judging from the altitude of Oneida not far from 870 feet. 

Thus there is between the highest point in the county and the lowest a dif- 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - 25 

ference of at least 350 feet. In going from Spoon river bridge near London Mills 
to Pilot Knob, one would ascend about this distance. 

Following is a list of the altitudes at important points in the county: 

Wataga 835 

Oneida 815 

Galesburg 788, 756 

Rio 782 

Knoxville 778 

Saluda 770 

, .... Altona 760 

' ' H Abingdon 753 

Williamsfield 711 

Gilson 689 

Belong 685 

Rapatee 684 

^ Knox 678 

Yates City 674 

Hermon ...>;w;,..:Vv.,>,.>. Vs-^i:ii 653 

. , Douglas 652 

-V,,'' St. Augustine 647 

. . Maquon 630 

^^^^j Appleton ^i-.:*'i^ .W.i,rf>-;^.; 604 

^ :--\ Dahinda 597 

Maquon railroad Spoon river bridge 571 

C. B. & Q. bridge at London Mills 532 

Some altitudes of towns just outside the county throw some light on the gen- 
eral trend of elevations: . 

Woodhull .824 

Galva 850 

Kewanee 854 

London Mills 543 

It will be noticed that the higher altitudes belong to the towns on the water- 
shed or near it, such as Oneida, Wataga and Galesburg, while as one goes toward 
Spoon river or toward Walnut creek or Henderson or Pope creeks, the altitudes 
fall. .;^;:^.. 

This is illustrated by the altitudes from Galesburg to Spoon river via the Chi- 
cago, Burlington and Quincy railroad as follows : 

Galesburg 788 

Knoxville ; ; i 778 

Gilson 689 

Maquon 630 

Spoon river ,' 571 

Douglas 652 

Yates City 674 

In these figures one can almost see the Spoon river valley. 

Equally interesting is the showing from Galesburg along the line of the Santa 
Fe: 



26 ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

^- ; , : Galesburg 788 

: :.',' ( Knox 678 

. : : Appleton 604 

f ; Dahinda 597 

.. , . , .- , Williamsfield 711 

." "; Pilot Knob is a point from which descents radiate; Victoria is another; Knoxville 
' ,. I :/ in a measure another, with streams flowing into Haw creek south of it and streams 
...',:. ''flowing into Court creek north of it. Abingdon and Yates City occupy high points 
> -' - from which streams flow. . 

':'" ' ' ,j. . - 

" :; IMMENSITY OF EROSION ' ^' ' 

'.: ' / ' If, then, one takes his stand on Pilot Knob, he is in a position to comprehend 

V the enormous amount of erosion accomplished by Spoon river and its branches 

; ; since the day when the accumulation of drift ceased, and also the work done in 

. , ' '. this same way by Pope and Henderson creeks. This removed mass at the London 

., .; Mills bridge would have a thickness of more than three hundred feet. East and 

{ , . west of the Knob a large thickness has also been removed. When the floods 

; ' following the glacier disappeared it is likely that there were no such surface in- 

' .. equalities as now exist. Possibly the surface may have been something like that 

.. ;.. of southern Texas, practically level, with sluggish streams. There is evidence 

that since the glacial epoch ended there has been a slow elevation of the land, so 

;. that greater velocity was given to the streams, their number was multiplied and 

. . their capacity for erosion was increased. The removal of an irregular layer over 

' ., three hundred feet in thickness at the south end, a hundred or more at the east 

. ''; end and as much at the west, covering all but a few miles of the surface of the 

. . county, and thinning as the watershed is approached, represents the work of the 

.- tributaries of the county, since the period of elevation began, and accounts for 

' V the variety noticed in the topography of the county. 

;' . The significance of this discussion of erosion as a topographical factor lies in 

; this, that with all the numerous stream agencies and slopes, the soil is being 

V ; slowly carried away toward the valleys and the seas. The period of soil deposi- 

: : : tion seems in large measure to have ceased. If the present soil covering is re- 
moved, there appears no present agency to renew it. There are already many 

^' ;. bare hills and slopes, the soil on which is scanty. The farther back the waters 

j. ' eat their way, the less the upland. The present denudation of soil must be much 

; . ; greater than it was during the days when the ground was covered with dense 

\ growths of prairie grass, and then the slough and creek bottoms were heavy with 

". : coarse sedges or other soil protecting plants. Now the plow of the farmer leaves 

> j \ the earth friable, an easy mark for heavy rains. The bare field soft, unprotected, 

'. is easily cut into by the small streams and the soil is quickly conveyed away. 

;; Single heavy rains often make deep ravines in such areas. Then with the soil 

.:; ' ploughed, harrowed, pulverized, the winds sweep away clouds of it in dust, and 

'^s. scatter it far and wide. These leveling agencies may through the removal of 

, the soil render unproductive in the distant future the now fertile acres of this 

". , county. The Knox county soil map published by the State Geological department 

. shows large areas adjacent to the streams stripped of the black soil, characteristic 

V of the uplands. . - 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' 27 

The topography of Lake Rice east of Galesburg, a beautiful sheet of water, 
affords an illustration. It is surrounded by these deep ravines, especially along 
its eastern shore, and some of these extend far up into the ploughed fields. North 
of Knoxville one can follow a little stream and find that in the course of a mile 
and a half it has dug a deep valley for itself, while extending down the sandstone 
and clay shales to its valley are deep crevasses, affording an excellent opportunity 
to study the formations. 



....:;;.' SOIL, THE GREATEST ASSET ' \' 

The greatest asset of Knox county is its soil. Several varieties are mentioned, 
according to the clay and sand and humus elements. Judging from the recent 
census report, this surface is worth nearly forty-eight million dollars at the 
present time, with promise of a larger valuation in the future, if properly con- 
served. On the upland prairies is found the dark, fertile stratum with its under- 
lying subsoil. It thins out on the hills, and there the covering is more clayey, 
while in the bottom lands is the often thick deposit of alluvium. The upland sub- 
soil is underlain by a deposit of drift, thirty to sixty feet in depth, and this drift 
rests on the coal measure rocks. Immediately under the subsoil is a stratum of 
yellow clay, eight to fifteen feet in thickness, and often containing beds of sand. 
Frequently about eight feet below the surface is found a second soil from six 
inches to a foot in depth and of a chocolate color. Below the yellow clay is the 
blue clay, at the base of which there is usually a deposit of gravel and sand, while 
scattered through the entire deposit are boulders, some of which are of large pro- 
portions. 

Thus a section of a boring through any of the prairie uplands would pass 
through the following materials: 

Soil two to three feet. - . '':^ '^; 

Subsoil twelve to twenty-four inches. ' -Iv: '; 

Yellow clay five feet. . ';.>! 

Second soil eight to twelve inches, . . V^ 

Yellow clay ^three to ten feet. . :. '. : ; 

. ..-''''.'. .,'- '. 

Blue clay twenty-five to forty feet. ' '^-:;' .' : 

Coal measure rocks. . . -."v 



.: ;^ THE WATER RESERVOIR '; ' -':: v 

The yellow clays with their sand deposits are the great underlying water reser- 
voir. The blue clay will not allow the passage of water through it; that is, it 
is impervious. The rain passes through the porous soil and subsoil and is gradu- 
ally diffused through the yellow clays where it is held, because it cannot sink 
through the blue clay. It is thus kept within reach of the roots of vegetation. 
Where streams cut through the yellow clays, as along the hill sides, there are 
springs and seepage that maintain the streams. This retention of water in the 
yellow clays is a magnificent provision, as all can readily see. .: ; 



28 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

A section would disclose something like this: 



soil -' 

subsoil 

yellow clay water reservoir 

f. 

second soil 

yellow clay water reservoir 

blue clay Impervious f 

sand and gravel j 

coal measure rocks ' 



Wells are usually sunk into the yellow clays and perhaps a short distance into 
the blue clay, but the water flows into the well from the yellow clays, impregnated 
with the lime, magnesia, iron and other minerals dissolved out on the way. 

This interesting arrangement of the deposits is a vital factor in agriculture. 
If in place of the blue clay there were sand or other porous material the water 
would sink beyond the reach of plants, there might be no streams and a desert 
like condition might result. If the blue day extended to the surface, as water 
could not sink, the tendency would be to form swamps. As it is, the great under- 
ground water supply so near to the surface and maintained there is a most bene- 
ficent and magnificent treasure for maintaining the streams and for supplying 
all life with needed moisture. 

The drift contains at some points in the county beds of sand and also of gravel. 
At one time gravel was extensively mined in the hills along the northwest shore of 
Lake Rice east of Galesburg, and also in Maquon township. 

The surface formations of the county thus include the soils, the water stratum 
of yellow clays, the blue clay, the coal hieasure shales, sandstones, and limestones, 
and the coal veins, six in number, all here and there exposed in the county. 

DISTRIBUTION OF SOILS 

The soil survey of the county shows that the surface formation approximately 
consists of 468 square miles of black loam, which is the superior soil of the 
county ; ten square miles of black clay soil, almost like gumbo in its tenacious 
qualities;' 185 square miles of clay soil, and 55 miles of bottom land. In Ontario 
township nearly all the surface formation is set down as black loam, and in this 
respect it leads the county. Galesburg township also has a large preponderance 
of this soil. On the other hand, such townships as Copley and Victoria have 
much clay loam, not however, lacking in fertility, while Maquon township has 
the largest area of bottom lands. 

The largest areas of black clay loam are found northwest of Galesburg. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 29 

THE COAL RESOURCES .. 

At one time there extended all over the county six veins of coal and their in- 
termediate strata of limestone, sandstone, and clay shales. They are nearly hori- 
zontal with a slight dip to the southeast, toward the center of the Illinois coal 
field. The sixth and fifth veins are now found only in the north part of the 
county and a small section in Salem and Elba townships. These two veins have 
been mined in Walnut Grove, Sparta, Ontario, Victoria and Copley townships 
north of Spoon river and in Elba and Salem townships south of the river. In the 
vicinity of Spoon river valley they are not found simply because they have been 
with all their strata eroded. 

As one therefore goes down the incline toward Spoon river he gets below the 
horizon of these two veins and is in that of No. 4, and as he goes still farther 
he passes below the horizon of No. 4 and reaches the horizon of No. 3, which is 
found in the banks of the river in places in Truro township, while still farther 
south one passes into the horizon of No. 2. Thus the river and its tributaries 
before the south limit of the county is reached have washed away the strata of 
four veins. 

There is a fine illustration of this along Brush creek south of Knoxville, the 
sandstone hills making a very picturesque valley and the slate and coal appearing 
at the base of the sandstone a few feet above the bank of the creek. 

The same erosion of coal veins is noticed going west from Wataga down the 
slopes of Henderson creek. Vein No. 6 has been mined just west of that village 
and starting from this point one descends past successive veins until in one place 
in Henderson township he is on the horizon of No. i. In walking west from 
Oneida, the horizon of No. 6, mined there years ago, he comes to the horizon 
of No. 3, in the vicinity of Pope creek. 

That streams have cut, down through coal veins and their strata, leaving 
them exposed on each side of the valley, explains why drift mines are so com- 
monly met in the hills facing the bottom lands. As the veins are nearly horizon- 
tal it is easy to trace them in the hillsides. That just above the bottom of Court 
creek east of Knox station can be followed clear to Spoon river, and there it is 
found just below the bed of the river. In Henderson township five miles north- 
west of Galesburg a seam can be traced along the hillsides a short distance above 
the bottom lands. 

In Henderson township it is believed that all six of the veins of coal are either 
exposed or mined. In section 26 the streams have cut deeply into the shales. 
High in the bluflfs in the eastern part of the township are found fossils associated 
with vein No. 6. In the shafts penetrating the creek bottom farther west three 
veins were gone through. Still farther down the valley is a vein thought to be 
the equivalent of No. i, the lowest of the series. 

THE INTERMEDIATE ROCKS . : ; 

Each coal vein is separated from the one below by a series of rocks, some- 
times solid, sometimes shaly; the distance between the veins varying, and the 
veins not always appearing to be continuous. From thirty to sixty feet of rock 
usually separate one vein from that below it, although occasionally a vein is split 



80 ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

up into two or three seams. The rock is ordinarily sandstone or a clay shale, 
that passes easily and naturally into sandstone. In the case of vein No. 3 found 
along several streams running into Spoon river, there is a very interesting series 
of formations extending twenty feet above the vein, comprising a friable black 
shale, with lines of concretions, deposited in parallel lines, and often containing 
shells and other marine animals. Above this black shale is a very valuable clay 
shale deposit, from which are made the Galesburg paving brick. Bluffs of this 
clay surround Lake Rice, and Glenwood Lake and extend along Court creek for 
miles to Spoon river. Streams running from the north and south to Court creek 
cut through this shale. It is thus the surface coal measure formation over a 
number of square miles along Court creek. The same condition is noticeable 
along Haw creek and its branches, although there the shale is more likely lo 
pass into sandstone than farther north. Indeed even along Court creek and 
its laterals there are stretches of sandstone, and often great concretions of sand- 
stone and ironstone abound in the formation, even where the layers are consistent 
enough for brick making. All along the drift lies on top of the formation and 
must be stripped oflf. Then come forty to sixty feet of bluish white brick shale, 
which when the sandstone is absent, is wonderfully fine grained. . 

As one approaches its base, he finds the remains of coal measure vegetation 
in the shape of fern leaves and the stems of coal measure plants ; then he passes 
into the black shale with its layers of concretions often filled with sea shells ; then 
he strikes the slate, which reflects a vast variety of ancient life, ranging from 
large sharks and gigantic water fleas to the beautiful shells of the nautilus family; 
then comes the coal seam, formerly mined along the creek. The region thus gives 
the scientist as well as the manufacturer something worth considering. 

In the hills south and north of this wonderful deposit is a coal vein presumed 
to be No. 4. 

'.':.'._ ' . - '' GEOLOGIC LIFE 

All along Court creek to Spoon river is one traveling between bluffs of this 
clay shale and sandstone. A few feet above the creek juts out a ferruginous 
limestone rock that abounds in ancient snails and bivalves. As one nears Spoon 
river, the bluffs along the creek are rounded and picturesque. From the sand- 
stone concretions one may obtain fine specimens of fern fronds. Then as the 
river is reached the slate is found at the base of the bluffs, with its relics of 
ancient sea life, while in the waters of the river itself are the modern fish and 
mollusks. 

A section of a Spoon river bluff in Haw creek township affords the following, 
illustrative of what has been said. .;, 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 31 




Imcr portion oontuiw fo 

ana >tl or 00*1 nniro pint*. 



lorioa or oonervtiana and claar nala 
altamatiiv, tM Mncntiona con. 
tatlOitc Bariiw nalli <ith ooc- 
atoial nattili, ana ttm Ktim 
iiondinc into tlaek 
portion or ttua ii 
itn nat aitalla. 
eonerotiana ara iron 



T3Sr 



v .. . 

Pate contalniim raini or '~ anoiant abarKa ana nanoa. 



Coal, ana Balow it tuo firo clay ropraaantijn 
tiw loii on ihioii tno TO(otttoB i 



There is scarcely a rock in the county that does not speak of life and forces, 
of the sea, of elevation, of depression and of elevation again. C--' V. ; 

In Henderson township there are fine bluffs of shale that some day may be 
utilized. The same is true of shales over No. 6 in Sparta township, although 
there a strong tendency to concretionary structure is shown. All along Spoon 
river one sees shale bluff structure. In Cedar township there are large accumula- 
tions of shale. 

The day may come when even the masses of ironstone formations found above 
some of the veins may be utilized. In Victoria township the shale was once 
used in the manufacture of tile, and in Cedar township for making brick. When 
processes are better understood more of these may be serviceable, for such is the 
topography of the county that there are frequent exposures. , :. : 

'';-' THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY I . - ' 

There is not much data regarding the history of mining in this county. Mines 
are known to have been operated in Sparta township as early as 1850 and for 
twenty years thereafter assumed an importance that they have not since attained. 
Sparta township was for a long time a leader in production owing to its proxi- 
mity to the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy main line. The earliest mine of 
which there is specific record is that opened by E. F. Ranney in 1850 in section 
23, Sparta township. H. H. May was operating a mine in the same township 
as early as 1854. It is known that scores of mines have been opened in that 
township, have been worked out and abandoned. Over a half century ago coal 
was mined in the south part of Maquon township and has been since. One of 
the oldest mines was on the David Masters' farm and was run by a man named 
I-opeman. During the civil war coal was taken from the J. K. Lane farm in 
the same township and from the F. M. Davis farm. The Cope farm also has 
yielded considerable coal. 

In Copley township there has been at times considerable mining and one in 
traversing the streams of that township finds many evidences of former mining 



32 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

operations. Two of the oldest -mines are those operated on the James McGovern 
and Charles Morgan farms, and we believe that they are still yielding coal of 
an excellent quality. 

One of the earliest shaft mines in the county was that operated near Oneida 
by Messrs. Camp and Powell, and it was perhaps the only extensive mine ever run 
in that township. 

When the Illinois geological survey of the county was made, just prior to 
1870, it listed a large number of mines. Nearly every township in the county 
was represented. Much valuable information was given. It is to be doubted 
if there are today in operation a half dozen mines that were then running, and of 
which sections are given in the works of the survey. This indicates that there 
are melancholy features connected with Knox county mining, and that more than 
one man has failed to make money operating a mine. Some large mines have 
flourished for a few years only to be closed because either of inability to cope 
with the water or because of the imperfections of the veins and the abundance of 
the clay intrusions. 

For years in the early days there was much stripping of coal done in the 
creek bottoms where the veins were very near the surface. All that had to be 
done was to remove the thin superficial covering of soil or of slate and the coal 
was within reach, and was then very easily removed. This method has been 
abandoned with the exhaustion of this accessible supply. 

While there is coal in nearly every township of the county, if not all, there 
are but few extensive workings. For years a conspicuous sight in the seventies, 
and perhaps before, was the large colliery just southwest of Wataga, near the 
railroad track. Among those that operated from time to time large mines in the 
county were R. M. Campbell, east of Wataga, the Essexes in Henderson town- 
ship, the Cliffords in the western part of Walnut Grove township, Alex Baird in 
Henderson township, the Eppersons in Rio township, and the Etherly Company, 
whose plant was abandoned in recent years. The cheapness at which outside 
coals can be placed at the larger centers of the county is the real occasion of the 
decline in mining, notwithstanding the large coal acreage. 

The last available statistics of mining in the county are those of 1910, pub- 
lished by the State. These show 27 mines in the county producing that year 
38,673 tons, and employing 122 miners and sixteen other hands. The largest 
mines were those of the Pendergast Brothers at Soperville, Rodell & Mitchell of 
Wataga, and Thomas H. Mellan of Soperville. The total for the county is but 
a fraction of that produced a half century ago. 

Of the six veins of coal. No. 6 has been most extensively mined, owing to 
the thickness of the vein and the ease with which it can be removed. It is usually 
four and a half feet in thickness and has a clay seam two inches in width that 
serves as a parting between the upper and lower parts of the vein. No. 4 is not 
so shaly, seems more dense and compact. No. 3 is not a thick vein, usually about 
thirty inches to three feet. No. 2 is also a thin vein but of very excellent quality. 
No. I if correctly enumerated, is a thick vein, four to seven feet. Some of the 
veins of the county are difficult to place because of peculiar conditions surround- 
ing them. 



' , '- '''-'*: ; ' if .' ' . ^* , I '- '.''- . *'**'. -^ '-- 't -,-- .' J, 

'.'.-' .'"' ... ' -'-'', ' ' '.''"'' . - ' '. -' ''':.- ''^< *" ' ' ' , ' .-'-,'* '''' 

-. .- - '. , ' - ; .' . '-, - . ' ''^ '.'.''- ' ' *- ' * ' ' '- '' ''. '-^ - .- ''- ^ 

','.'... :- j, - " ' ' . .*:-.- '.'I ''' . ' '. . '.'.i, ' V .-j .' - , . '''''-'. -. ,'- '''' ' '' ' '.' ' . 




Map of Knox County, Illinois, showing streams, watersheds and drainage areas The fiffures with 
each municipality give the altit.de. The numbers of coal veins are also indicated. The dotted lines along 



streams indicate width of bottom. 



:. -Tr'- '''^"'''^ "i--'''- 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 88 

THE STONE QUARRIES 

In the early day there was considerable stone quarried in Knox County but 
at the present time there is but very little, owing to the better quality of stone that 
can be procured elsewhere. The early quarries were situated not far from 
Knoxville. North of that city, along the bank of a small stream that runs into 
Court creek can be seen the site of a quarry in a sandstone bluflf. This stone is 
in large blocks and hardens on exposure. It was used in the construction of 
some of the buildings in ICnoxville and elsewhere in the county. Farther north 
in section sixteen in the same township is still another quarry relic. From this 
were taken blocks of conglomerate, that were hard and very durable, composed 
of limestone pebbles, cemented solidly together. This stone was used in the con- 
struction of the foundation of the Old First Church of Galesburg. This indi- 
cates that stone was quarried there as early as 1846. The Hope Cemetery wall, 
Galesburg, is made of this same enduring material. Stone was also quarried in 
the sandstone beds along Haw creek south of Knoxville. Over vein No. 6 of 
coal there is often a heavy seam of limestone that has been used for foundation 
and other purposes. In the north part of the county a bastard limestone was 
formerly quarried. As a rule outside of the conglomerate the rock of the county 
is likely to shale and split under the influence of the weather. 

, --. ' r 

A SECOND SOIL : 

A few feet below the surface in some parts of the county is found a second 
soil, or perhaps it might be better termed a first soil, as it antedates the present. 
In passing, it might be remarked that each coal vein indicates that under it was a 
soil on which flourished the dense vegetable growth that was subsequently, when 
the land was again submerged, compressed into coal. This soil is usually termed 
fireclay, and traversing it in' all directions are the roots of coal measure plants. 
Thus there were six soils for coal making plants and subsequently six periods 
when the land was under the surface of the sea, as the presence of so much 
marine life in the rocks between the coal veins clearly shows. 

The second soil is of course of recent formation. There lie above it four to 
six feet of the yellow clay, and yellow clay below it. It denotes a period above 
the level of the waters and conditions suited to vegetable growth. It is in associa- 
tion with this soil that the remains of elephants and mastodons are found. The 
parts most often discovered are the teeth, because their enamel resists best the 
processes of decay. A number of fine specimens have been exhumed in this 
county. In the Galesburg waterworks excavation in Cedar Fork valley, three 
well preserved teeth and parts of the hip bone of an elephant were found. 
Around thfem were fragments of cedars of considerable thickness. In the same 
trench was found the long, handsome tusk of some member of tlie swine family. 
In a brick yard pit near Oneida in the second soil were found numerous bones 
of a mastodon, while in a marshy place near the same city was found a great 
tusk. From a Spoon river bluff was taken a well preserved tooth of a mastodon, 
and on a gravel bank in the river was discovered a mighty tusk. Recently near 
Woodhull several gigantic teeth have been unearthed, and still more recently in 
excavating at Galva immense molars of some species of elephant were found. 

VoLI 



34 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



During the period when elephants, mastodon and great swine roamed over Knox 
county, probably many other mammalian species lived. 

This is mentioned simply to show the variations in the topography of the 
county during the ages, and the life to which each variation gave subsistence. 
The present configuration is the outcome of the slow elevation of the land, per- 
mitting the deposition of the subsoil and the soil, and the incessant operations of 
water, air, temf>eratures and life, since the deposition of the clays in the glacial 
epoch. ^ ^ . : ' ': -" ': .';:'^ " 

-'-:'''_ ;';' - , SPOON RIVER NOTES ,;-, ;.<:,''''"''''""' '""':' 

From the topographical and scienic view, main interest centers around Spoon 
river. It enters Truro township on the east side of the county and takes a ser- 
pentine southwesterly course through Truro, Haw Creek, Maquon and Chestnut 
townships. On the way it touches Persifer and Elba townships. Its northern 
part is marked by narrow valleys and in a few places the river runs between 
bluflfs. From where French creek enters to the junction with Haw creek, the 
river runs through a broad and fertile bottom. This is one and a half miles 
in width at the French creek juncture, broadens to two miles at the Pease creek 
juncture, and from there to the mouth of Haw creek varies from three quarters 
to one and a half miles in width. Standing on the shore opposite Haw creek 
entrance, one can look along four miles of bottom land. 

\\'here Court creek enters the river there is a bottom of a mile and a half 
in width, but it is not long continued. 

Eight square miles of bottom land are included in Spoon river valley between 
the mouths of French and Willow creeks, and in places it seems to be from six 
to ten feet in thickness. All this represents what the streams have in part 
brought down from the hills and uplands. 

The topography of Spoon river valley can be seen to good advantage from the 
bridge southeast of Maquon. The valley broadens and the bottom is nearly 
three quarters of a mile in width. The river flows in a channel cut in the allu- 
vium and the banks show this deposit to be eight to ten feet in thickness. The 
highlands are well back. The broad bottom extends north and south as far as 
the eye can see. It seems to be all under cultivation and as the soil is so deep 
and rich ought to bear magnificent crops. The view from the hills above down 
the valley is a charming one. 



THE HILL STRUCTURE 



The hill structure of the county is well shown in a ride west from Maquon 
past that curiosity. Horseshoe Lake or Bend, an isolated body of water in the 
south part of Orange township, and having some fame as a fishing resort. On 
the north side of this lake are high hills, between which and from springs comes 
the water that feeds the lake. This natural reservoir occupies a part of the basin 
between Pig and Haw creeks. To the south and southeast there is bottom land. 
Judging from the natural features, this lake may occupy what was once the chanf 
nel of Pig creek, or perhaps even Haw, and its ends for some reason having 
become filled, the stream was forced to cut its way farther south. It is said that. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' 35 

during times of flood Haw creek backs into it, and this indicates that the level 
of the two are not far from identical. At the time of the visit the reservoir 
ranged from two to five rods in width, but it was said that its beauty had been 
marred by the attempts to drain its waters. An early tradition is that the lake 
was made by dams formed by the beavers. 

Before one gets to this lake, there is a fine series of hills descending from 
the higher level, and so facing the road that one can discern the rounded hollows 
down which the water descends between each pair of hills. '. ; 

All these facts indicate how well adapted this county is to be the home of 
civilized man and what a variety of life it can support. Verily, it is one of the 
choice garden spots of the earth. 



INDIANS. " 

BY EVA CHAPIN MAPLE, MAQUON, ILL. r-. A >'.";; 

The knowledge of man does not extend back far enough, to tell us what 
manner of people the very first inhabitants of Knox county were. When the 
white men came, they found this country inhabited by the Red Men. But who 
were here before the Indians? One historian says that "the entire valley of the 
Illinois river from Starved Rock to the Mississippi was, unknown ages ago, the 
home of a still different race from any yet enumerated. Time can scarcely be 
reckoned in considering the ages in which human life has found existence along 
the rivers of this state. Again and again has this land been trodden by different 
races, cities have risen and fallen, and great people have vanished utterly, leav- 
ing behind them no record of existence, except their voiceless graves." 



::.",.' .-^\:-^^-v ;-'"-;':'-. -.**... MOUND BUILDERS :^/':'c'v;-..A-v . . ;' ;-::^'-',-'V- V; 

The earliest race of people, which left us any trace of their existence in our 
land, we call the Mound Builders. Whether these strange builders of mounds 
were the ancient ancestors of the Red Men whom Qjlumbus found in America, 
or were an entirely different race of beings, scientists are not agreed. 

Mounds of different sizes, shapes and kinds are to be found along the banks 
of certain streams, notably the Illinois and some of its tributaries. Spoon river 
is quite rich in these relics. There are three types of mounds existing : the ossu- 
ary, the sacrificial and the altar. The first named type is the most common, being 
found in many parts of the county. Whether all the burial mounds commonly 
called "Indian graves" are graves of Indians or are part of Mound Builders' 
ossuary mounds, is not known to the writer. 

The only sacrificial mound which could be located, is situated on the N. E. 
quarter of N. E. quarter. Section 12, Truro township. One writer, in speaking 
of it, says "on a well prepared earthen altar, four men and one woman were 
burned, so that the bones were charred, and the soil was impregnated to a con- 
siderable depth with the oleaginous matter. In an excavation beneath this altar 
were the skeletons of two men." 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

The "altar" or "temple" mounds are the largest and perhaps most note- 
worthy, their age is still an unsolved problem. 

The Ataerican Indian knew nothing of their origin or use, and had no tra- 
ditions concerning them. But in later years, the Indians sometimes used them 
;/ for burial purposes, by digging into one side of the mound and placing their 
' ': dead therein. 

It is evident that the Mound Builders were sun worshipers, as their altar 
. mounds invariably faced the east. 

; ,' ...... ALTAR OR TEMPLE MOUNDS )^ ; ^;v; 'i;-' '^ ' ^i ; 

Before the ruthless hand of civilization had destroyed these land marks, many 

: of these Mound Builder mounds or, as they are generally called, "Indian 

. ; mounds," might have been seen along the banks of Spoon river. There is 

one fine specimen of the altar mound in Maquon township. It is situated on the 

. S. E. quarter of Section 4, just a short distance south of the town of Maquon. It 

: is spoken of, locally, as "The Mound," or "The Indian Mound." This mound 

.. rises from the bottom land, about sixty rods from the north bank of Spoon river. 

. It is now covered with timber, but the oldest settlers tell us, that when the first 

':":- white people came, there was not a tree upon the mound. The mound is of natural 

origin, largely composed of sand and gravel, but is covered many feet deep with 

a clay unlike any found in that vicinity. Originally, its shape was clearly de- 

.. fined, but the effect of the elements, and the tread of the feet of cattle for ages 

have rendered it less distinct. The general outline is diamond shaped, with the 

'. corners pointing toward the four points of the compass. At the eastern point 

was a rude elevation forming an altar. The mound is 164 rods long and 60 

rods at the widest part. The clay was evidently used to prevent the growth of 

; vegetation, and to preserve the outline of the mound. 

''-''''";-;''.'' V' "' '-' ... TRAjLS ^ ''.-/':'-, ---^ -''":': ,:'':i'''- 

The plungfing buffalo, keen of instinct, and very practical, broke great roads 
; across the continent in search of food, water and salt. These "traces" or paths, 
lead from timber groves, to timber groves, always seeking the shortest and best 
: route descending and crossing the streams, usually at the bars formed at the 
mouth of some smaller stream. These roads were swept clear of debris in 
. summer and snow in winter. The wild Indian, having the same instinct as the 
wild animal, followed the same trails and wore them smooth by frequent use. 
The earliest white explorers were dependent on the buffalo and the Indian for 
ways of getting about. And later came the first settlers to travel over these 
same trails, in looking for a home. Many of these trails became public high- 
ways continuing until this day, monuments of the past. Thus we may mention 
: the great Galena trail from Peoria, passing through Knox county, where it 
V forms in two branches and goes to Galena, one branch going by way of Rock 
: Island. One of the earliest roads in Illinois was one of these trails from Dan- 
; ville, Illinois, near the famous Vermillion salt springs on the south-eastern 
border of Illinois to Peoria. This became the "Danville and Fort Clark road," 
over which came the earliest settlers to the military tract. This trail became a 



^,.";.\;^ 7 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . : : ' 87 

well traveled road about 1815. This part of the state being settled earlier than 
the more eastern parts, owing to the fact of the allotment by the government 
of this territory, to the soldiers of the War of 1812, thus it will be seen that 
the stream of earliest immigrants came from the eastern states, usually by the 
Ohio river, disembarking and following these two trails mentioned, into and 
through Knox county at a very early date. / ;; 

It will be seen, by the accompanying map, that Indian trails extended over 
the greater part of Knox county, several of these being important thorough- 
fares. One in the northern part of the county, that takes an easterly course, 
became the main road to Chicago. The one taking a diagonal course from 
Indian Point township to Truro township, is probably the oldest known trail in 
the county. It was used by the Indians and French as early as. 1673, it being 
in a direct course from La Salle, on the Illinois, to the Mississippi river. It 
was quite largely used by Indian trading parties, and formed a part of a direct 
line of Savage communication between the Chicago portage and the Mississippi 
river. During the French occupancy, it was used by the French missionary and 
the fur trader. This path is believed, by many, to be the identical one used by 
Father Marquette and Joliet on their return eastward on their voyage of dis- 
covery. This old trail held its course through Hancock, Warren, Knox, Stark 
and Bureau counties. 

Several points within the state appear to have been the favorite meeting 
places, not of one tribe alone, but of many tribes, and thus diverging trails led 
thereto. Peoria, Rock Island and Chicago river were important places. Thus 
Maquon became quite a center of Indian population, situated as it is at the 
crossing of two main trails. 

"History holds in her iron hand, no more picturesque story than these trails 
could reveal, were their guarded secrets known. Here met the nations of the 
Old World and the New- Indian and White, Spaniard, Frenchman, Briton and 
American ; priest and nun, soldier and adventurer, settler and outlaw, fair pa- 
trician women, and the outpouring from the Saltpetriere and other hospitals 
of Paris." 

- ;-::-,'J-;- ';';.' ;V '';./;;;. ,V/;..V- INDIAN TRIBES -^K:^ ';/'--_^^-^' ''' - V - ' ';'' -/'V; V^-'-' 

When Father Marquette and his companions, with their two Indian guides 
were floating down the "Father of Waters," they noticed an Indian trail. 
Mooring their canoes, they followed the trail about six miles, where they came 
to an Indian village. The inhabitants came out to meet him, and after smok- 
ing the calumet, they addressed him thus: "We are the Illini. How beautiful 
is the sun, oh Frenchman, when thou comest to see us. Our village awaits 
thee. Thou shalt enter in peace all our dwellings." 

.'^^-'.'!vx-v':''v-' :.--^/ ..''};;-.'.;: THE ILLINI '','.--'''':' -'^'-r .'':' . .';'"^^- '.. > 

The first authentic history we have of the Indians of the Mississippi valley 
reached us through preserved records of La Salle, the French fur trader and 
explorer, who spent the winter of 1679-80, at what is now Peoria. We know 
that he and his companions were within twenty miles of Knox county and it is 
more than probable that they traversed her soil also. 



W - HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

'. The Indian word "Illini," means in their language, "superior men." This 
Illini, or Illinois confederacy was composed of five tribes : Michigamies, Caho- 
kias, Kaskaskias, Peorias and Tamaoras. They were intensely warlike, being 
almost constantly in conflict with other tribes. They were migratory and de- 
pended largely upon the summer and winter hunts. In their wars with the 
Sacs and Foxes, they suffered severely. About 1722 they were overpowered 
by the Sacs and Foxes, with the aid of other tribes. .--.,. 

SACS AND FOXES .- 



From that time the Sacs and Foxes held, for many years, the supremacy of 
the land between the Illinois and Mississippi rivers. But the Kickapoos and 
the Pottawatomies contended with them, each holding certain portions. Upon 
the arrival of the white people these different tribes were in the vicinity of 
Knox county. 

The Foxes called themselves Musk-wah-ha-kee, a name composed of two 
words, meaning "those of red earth." The French called them On-ta-ga-mies, 
that being their spelling of the name given them by other tribes, the meaning be- 
ing "Foxes," and was bestowed upon them because their totem (or armorial 
device, as it might be called), was a fox. 

. The name of their allied brethren, the Sacs, is variously spelled, in Indian 
dialects, Ou-sa-kies, sauks, etc. Black Hawk was of this tribe. Black Hawk's 
Indian name was Ma-ka-bai-mis-he-kia-kiak, meaning black sparrow hawk. 
Both Sacs and Foxes were of Canadian origin. They were a courageous peo- 
ple: shrewd, politic and enterprising. 

^ A PECULIAR CUSTOM .;:v' ' 

The Sacs and Foxes had a peculiar custom unnoticed in other Indian tribes. 
Each male child, at birth, was marked with either black or white paint, the 
mother being extremely careful to apply the colors alternately, so that each fam- 
ily, and the entire nation, might be thus divided into two nearly equal clans, 
the blacks and the whites, the object of these marks being to keep alive a con- 
stant spirit of emulation in the tribe. In their games, hunts and public cere- 
monies, the blacks always contended with the whites, while in war each party 
was ambitious to take more scalps than the other. 

. POTTAWATOMIES . 

The Pottawatomies were among the most energetic and powerful of the 
Indian tribes of the northwest. They came to Illinois from Wisconsin. For 
a long period of years they were a power in the Illinois country, and were the 
last tribe to leave its borders upon the encroachment of the whites. They were 
the ones found in Knox county, by its first white settlers. The name Potta- 
watomie, means "we are making a fire." 

' INDIAN LAW MAKING ' 

Their general councils were composed of the chiefs and old men. When in 
council, they usually sat in concentric circles around the speaker, and each in- 



- -'-^-'v HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' - I 39 

^^' ' "- ''-^v , I : ' ' .~::'.^-- 

dividual, notwithstanding the fiery passions that ranked within, preserved an 
exterior as immovable as if cast in bronze. Before commencing business, a 
person appeared with the sacred pipe, and another with fire to kindle it. After 
being lighted, it was first presented to heaven, secondly to earth, thirdly to the 
presiding spirit, and lastly to the several councilors, each of whom took a whiff. 
These formalities were observed with scrupulous exactness. { ../.;;..;? 

\^; V^.; .-.':' ?;.'^' POTTAWATOMIE CHIEF SHAUBENA .^ ^ ^ ^ ''/v '; . '-^ ;* 

Shaubena was a faithful friend of the white men, and often his life was en- 
dangered because of it. After the death of the chiefs. Black Patridge and Sen- 
achwine, no chief ever exerted so much infiuence over his nation as did Shau- 
bena. He often prevented the tribe from going to war. The Sacs and Foxes 
were always trying to kill him, and he was hunted down as a wild beast. They 
killed his son, Pypeogee and his nephew, Pyps, to enrage him. Black Hawk, be- 
ing aware of Shaubena's infiuence, twice visited him to enlist him in his cause, 
but was unsuccessful. While Black Hawk was a prisoner at Jefferson barracks, 
he said, "Had it not been for Shaubena, the whole Pottawatomie nation would 
have joined his standard, and he could have continued the war for years." -v ;. 

Many early settlers of Knox county owe their lives to Shaubena, as he was 
ever on the alert to save the whites. He frequently visited the settlers in the 
northern part of the county. It is said that at one time he visited the settlers 
at Fraker's Grove, in Lynn township, warning them to leave, that they would 
be killed if they didn't. David Cooper, John Essex, Thomas Essex, Sr., Thomas 
Essex, Jr., with their families, fled to the fort near Pekin, Illinois. All but 
the last named returned later, 

Shaubena often went to the home of John Essex. He was always kind 
to them, once bringing them a quarter of a deer that he had killed. .;;' .-v^. 

iV .' ^:V:::^: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EARLY INDIANS - ;' ; ;-'^ - 

In an interview given Mr. Fred R. Jelliff, Major Thomas McKee, of Gales- 
burg, said : "The Indians most frequently seen in this locality were Foxes, Sacs, 
Kickapoos and Pottawatomies. They were alike in many particulars. The 
Kickapoos and Foxes were often in the vicinity of Henderson Grove, which 
was a favorite sugar camp. They were as kind a people as you ever saw. They 
were considerate. For instance, if you were in a wigwam talking, the rest would 
keep quiet and give you respectful attention. They did not interrupt you. They 
made their children act with deference in the presence of strangers. They did 
not hunt, perhaps as extensively as do some other tribes. They lived on com 
and beans, on berries and other fruits gathered in the woods, while a favorite 
dish was the wild potato, or penyon, as it was called. This they found in the 
bottom lands. It was formerly quite abundant but of late I have not noticed it. 
They speared and caught fish, not small game, and now and then secured a deer. 
The squaws did the work, such as gathering the penyon and cultivating their 
ample crops." Their life was one of simplicity, and if was not until they were 
aroused by injustice and unkindness, that they became cruel and warlike. The 
Pottawatomies retained their identity as a tribe better than the others. 



40 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

< >; POTTAWATOMIE LANGUAGE : : ^^ 

The language of these Illinois natives was simple, consisting of but a few 
words made plain by the most significant of gestures. Their names were long 
and full of vowels. The following are some of the words used by the Potta- 

watomies: .. . 

horse Nan-ka-toka-shaw cow ,...'......!!.;.'.... Nan-noose 

dog Co-co-sh hog N,emoose 

gun Pos-ka-soogan tomahawk Quimesockin 

knife Co-mone water Bish 

fire Sco-ti whisky Sco-ti-o-pe 

drink Tela-ma-cool food Wau-a-net 

mean Mean-net white men Che-mo-ko-man 

the future Mon-a-to small Pe-tete 

baby Pap-poose potato Pen-yon 

nothing left Chocaco you are a liar Kiwa-lis-ki 

pumpkin Wam-pa-cum beans Ko-kees 

corn Ta-min melons Esh-kos-si-min 

hominy Do-min-a-bo 

'''/ r-/ ":'''': ' . ; ' . ' HOME LIFE ''''"--';,.': '"..^; ' 

The Pottawatomie summer camps were near the fishing points, and the winter 
camps in the timber where the birds and wild animals sought shelter from the 
cold. ' 

The Pottawatomie wigwam was from six to ten feet in diameter a circle 
of poles meeting in center at top, and bound together with buckskin thongs. 
This frame was wrapped on the outside to the top with mats made of bull- 
rushes woven together, lattice style, with long fibers of rushes and grasses, or 
sometimes it was covered with strips of bark. In winter, the wigwam was 
banked with ashes around its base. Inside there was a hole about two feet deep 
in the center of the wigwam for the fire, the smoke finding its way out the 
best it could through a small opening at the top of the wigwam. The earth 
floor of the wigwam was covered with the skins of wild animals, killed when 
the fur was long and thick. In winter, the Indian men sat most of the time on 
the rugs smoking and playing cards, while the squaws did the work. The men 
killed the game and the squaws prepared the meat for future use by jerking it. 
The squaws made the gardens usually on a rich piece of ground. They pre- 
pared the ground by breaking it in a rude way, and planted pumpkins, beans, 
potatoes and melons. The garden spot was fenced with Jack oak trees. The 
small trees were .cut down and dragged to the garden spot. Forked sticks were 
driven into the ground for the trees to rest upon. These were arranged so 
closely as to make a fence that was impregnable to the wild hog or other small 
wild animals. The ripened com was shelled and broken to pieces by pounding 
it in a hollowed-out log with a wooden club. This corn was boiled with water 
and a piece of pork, making the favorite hog and hominy. Pumpkins were cut 
in strips and dried in the sun for winter use. The men were dressed in buck- 
skin breech-clout moccasins and leggins, and a blanket fastened about the 




MAP SHOWING INDIAN TRAILS THROUGH THE COUNTY 



. /, HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; 41 

waist with a skin belt. When ready to sleep, they curled down among the fur 
rugs and pulled the blankets close about their heads. Every Pottawatomie In- 
dian man carried, swinging to his belt, a skunk skin, with head, teeth, claws and 
tail intact. In this skunk skin he carried his tobacco, and in an opening just 
back of the fore legs, he tucked his pipe. Then he had a flat piece of stone or 
mud that he used for painting his face. His meth9d was to paint this flat piece 
with blood root (called by the early settlers Indian paint), in designs of lines 
and crosses; and when he had the figure finished to his taste, he pressed it with 
the paint still moist, to his face. The Pottawatomie women never smoked, and 
never painted, except a line down the center of the head from forehead to back 
of neck, where the hair was parted. 

It is interesting to note the way the squaws cared for their babies. The 
Pottawatomies never had large families, and regarded, with disgust, the many 
children of the white people's houses. The Indian mother devoted her whole 
time to the care of her pappoose. The baby was laid upon a flat piece of linn 
bark, called by the Pottawatomies a chimote. The baby was fastened to the 
chimote by wrapping with cloth from feet to chest. And at the chest, the ends 
were tied in front and to them was tied a string of beads or something bright 

:; for the baby to play with. The arms were left free, and another strip of cloth 
was bound across the forehead and was tied to the back of the board. \\'hen 
the mother traveled, she swung the baby on the chimote to her back, and when 
she worked, she stood the chimote against a tree. The Pottawatomie babies 

; were often pretty and seldom cried. 4? %' 



:''V' -Xv -V ; - ; .; LOCAL ITEMS OF HISTOWT ::>: 

Knox county has been the home, for a longer and shorter period of time, 
of many tribes of Indians. From past historians and from people now living, 
it is learned that sixteen and possibly all of the twenty townships of the county 
have been inhabited by them. The following local items have been gleaned 
from accounts of the aborigines and of the relics found in various places : 

^ Rio Township ' ' ' ' 

In 1832 John Cresswell settled on the S. W. Quarter of Section 27. During 
that year, a fort was made on his land, it was named Fort A^ie in honor of 
Mrs. Cresswell. In 1836 the fort was torn down by Joseph Hahn, who built a 
barn of the logs and which he used for tramping out wheat with horses. Other 
thrashing machines were unknown. Another fort was built, it is said, on Sec- 
tion 33. These forts were built to protect the white settlers during the Black 
Hawk war. 

-?.-/;:v^;;: : ; V A Ontario Township :- ^: :;/:;:' 

The only hill in the township of any size is Pilot Knob, having an eighty acre 
grove upon it. In this vicinity many Indian arrows have been found. ..;;:...- 

' ..... Walnut Grove Township 

During the year 1836-57, a band of Indians about thirty in number, camped 
for a short time, just west of John Thompson's residence, and near the present 



:^ .,v.; :. . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^A/V^; :';'>;' 

Altona high school building. An old Indian and his squaw remained long after ! 
the rest of the Indians had gone. This pair were considered good neighbors. ;.:>;; 

Lynn Township ^ . : : 

Mr. Michael Fraker, in 1828, while still living in Kentucky, purchased a 
farm from the government in Lynn township. Upon his arrival, he found a 
band of Indians located on his land on Section 23. There was quite a contro- 
versy as to whom the land belonged, the Indians claiming they received their 
title directly from their god. Mr. Fraker used considerable diplomacy. He, be- 
ing a blacksmith, mended their guns, and did other favors for them. They in' 
turn, helped him build his cabin. They could see no reason why he put in so 
much chinking between the logs to make them tight. They finally decided to 
move. They went seven miles east and built a village on Indian creek. They 
always remained friendly to Mr. Fraker, coming back every spring to make 
maple sugar, and to raise sugar corn and vegetables, leaving in the fall for their 
hunting grounds. Near Frakers, there is a fine spring, trails leading in all di- 
rections from this spring. ; . r . . ; .;;. -' ^v^; ; 

Henderson Township 

Indians had corn fields on Sections 23 and 26 and cultivated the soil for 
years. In an early day, a well was dug on Section 30 near the creek. At a 
depth of 60 feet, the workmen found what seemed to be an Indian camping 
ground. Ashes, stumps and general rubbish fresh as if the fire had just gone 
out ; a cedar log was also found. 

The Indians lived in wigwams, helped the settlers make maple sugar and 
were friendly till the war broke out. Anticipating an Indian outbreak, the 
white settlers built two forts. One fort on Section 33, was named Lewis Fort. 
A description of this fort is given elsewhere in this article. The other on Sec- 
tion lo, was unnamed. This township furnished a company of "Minute Rang- 
ers" in the Black Hawk war. 

, , , :' Copley Township ; : : ;::: ;;i;' 

At Foreman's Grove, on Foreman creek, near the northern limits of the 
township, a small tribe of Indians were located when the first settlers arrived. 

Knox Township '' ' - ' .1^ 

On Section 32 are several Indian graves, and several trails pass through 
the township. 

' Persifer Township -v ... I 

One branch of the Gelena trail passes through the township from north to 
south, crossing Court creek where Appleton bridge now stands. The north end. 
of the bridge stands in the Indian ford. There was an Indian village on the 
present site of Dahinda (lodge poles were still standing in 1830). On the 
bluffs nearby are 25 or 30 mounds, supposed to be Indian graves. Many arrows, 
stone axes and bullets have been found in the township. Sections 35 and 36 be- 



.V ;S ':;;':::;; ;J HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : ; <;< .. 43 

ing particularly rich in these relics. Indian ladders were found in the woods 
by the early settlers. They were made by cutting a small tree having many 
limbs, then cutting the limbs off so as to leave enough of a stump on each limb 
to make a step. The last Indians seen were on Section 14, N. E. quarter. There 
is every evidence that a fierce battle was once fought on the north and east 
quarter of Section 14, about two. miles north and west of where Court creek 
empties into Spoon river. Within an area of a few acres, large numbers of bul- 
lets have been plowed up, and have been picked up by handfuls. They are of 
the old-fashioned kind of bullets, such as were used in the smooth bore Queen 
Anne muskets of two centuries ago. This would indicate revolutionary times, 
or before. .;';,: -V..v';r;./--v.-'--;\ :/: ^.'-: .-''',':- 

Maple sugar was made in this township annually. There were several tra- 
ditions of hidden wealth buried by the Indians. A cellar was dug on the Taylor 
farm in 1841, when at the depth of four feet, three bars of copper were found, 
which had been hand forged out. In digging a well, at the depth of twenty-two 
feet, remains of a camp-fire, charcoal and rubbish were found. '. .. : . 

'' ( .'^\- ''. "^' ,''''.-'' -\ --. Truro Township '-''' v"^'-'":. ' ; ' . -.^'v^iy .:-'' 

On the S. W. quarter of Section 31, on land owned by Charles Bradford, a 
number of Indian graves were found, when the first white settlers came. The 
corpses had been buried in the forks of the trees, ten to fifteen feet above the 
ground. Logs had been split in halves and hollowed out, the forks of the trees 
were cut away with their tomahawks sufficient to let them in, and the rude cof- 
fins there rested with their skeleton contents until about 1836, when the whites 
took them down and buried them in the earth. One sacrificial mound is located 
on the e^st quarter of Section 12 of Truro township. 

,;'.."''.-''' ': '-.'".;,: :/' .' ' 'V Cedar Township ''^-/:'---:'. ;:;;. -V'. ' x'".;'-:-.-- -^' 

Mrs. John Reed settled on Section 17, in 1836, on the very ground where the 
Indians had camped, and used water from the same spring. 'V". ;^ 

. ;--;^',:-' -^ :'-;'./" ',^' .^'' Orange Township . ' :-''-:--vV , ^ . ''':-''-:':'.' 
;,;> -v::- V- -..V.^-.. '/ -.Ki^.-'; A-.;--V'. ;:'. r' . -. ^-v :-':;/;--^-^ ^ 

.- There were many Indians in the township when the whites came. In early 
times there was a small grove on the N. E. quarter of Section i6. Orange town- 
ship. This was a favorite camping place for the roving bands of Indians on 
their way from Spoon river to the Mississippi. Numerous fine specimens of ar- 
row points were found here on Mr. Myers Eiker's farm. 

The last appearance of any considerable number of Indians in Orange town- 
ship was in 1843, when several hundred Sacs and Foxes camped on the north- 
west quarter of Section 5, while on their way to the reservation in Indian Ter- 
ritory. A block house was built on the southwest quarter of Section 3. It was 
called McCallister's fort. The land is now owned by Mrs. J. M. Nisley. One 
man was killed by Indians near this fort. r -, . .--..'/. 






44 HISTORY 'OF KNOX COUNTY ^v-': 

' 5^"'- Haw Creek Township ^ ' ^ ^ 

In this township was an arrow-maker's workshop. On Red Chalk hill, vast 
numbers of arrows in all stages of completeness, and flint chips are found, 
showing that here arrows were made. . ".:: 



Indian Point Toivnship ' 

There was but one grove of timber in the township, and that extended into 
a point. Along the edge of this timber, which extended from Cedar Fork to 
Section i6, many Indian remains were found. Remains of bark wigwams. Hint 
arrows, axes, hatchets and domestic utensils were found. Hence the name of 
the township. Indian creek empties into Cedar Fork, and that into Spoon river. 

-:"'- Chestnut Township .v:v.'..v :.;.:' 1 \; 

On Section 12, were many graves, on the bank of Haw creek near the iron 
bridge. On land belonging to Carl Burnside, on the southwest quarter of Sec- 
tion 15, Chestnut township, are four mounds about three feet high and forty- 
five feet in circumference. Some interesting things were once found in them 
when opened some ten years ago. On Section 33 are a group of three graves. 

On Mr. Charles Burnside's farm. Chestnut township. Section 14, northeast 
quarter, the hills and valleys back of his house were covered with arrows and 
implements of war, many yet remaining. Across the road on land belonging to 
Mr. William Swigart, Section ii, southeast quarter, there is a valley north of 
the house where the ground was covered with arrows, as were the hills surround- 
ing it. If we only knew what mighty tribes contended here. y|* ' 

At the beginning of the Black Hawk war, all the Pottawatomie Indians dis- 
apf>eared forever from this locality, none of the whites knowing when or where 
they went. 

'''^t Maquon Township - ;: ':;^ ^>::. -;.''- I 

Along the banks of Spoon river the Red Men found their Paradise. Its wa- 
ters were filled with fish and mussels, while wild fowls haunted its banks, and 
deer and small game abounded in its woodland and prairie. It was called, in 
the Algonquin tongue, the language used by the Pottawatomie Indians, A-ma- 
quon-sip-pi, A-ma-quon meaning mussel, or mussel shell. The Indians used the 
shell as we do spoons for dipping up food. The word sip-pi means river, thus 
A-ma-quon-sip-pi meant Spoon river. Because of the Indians' manner of pro- 
nouncing the first syllable of a word very short, it was difficult for the white 
man's ear to catch the sound, and thus it was an easy step from A-ma-quon- 
sip-pi to Maquon. In a government report, in 1813, Brigadier General Howard 
speaks of several encampments on the "Maquonie" as the river was known at 
that time. 

Amaquon village was situated on the S. E. quarter of Section 4, Maquon 
township. It was located near a hill, and near a fine spring of water ; there was 
a garden and orchard on the hill north and a garden east of it. These gardens 
were fenced with jack oak trees. The trees of this orchard furnished fruit for 
Mr. Wm. Palmer, the first white man to build a house in Knox county. It was 
built on the top of the hill just beside where the main trails crossed. 



, V A .^- : , ': ,': HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ''- - : 45 

Village No. 2 was situated about. a half mile distant to the north on the 
northeast quarter of Section 4, on the spot where later Mr. Nelson Selby, the 
first land owner in Maquon township, settled. The tent poles of this village 
were still standing in 1850. Mr. Selby's daughter, Mrs. Mahala Benson, used 
to play, when a child with the buckskin thongs with which the tent poles had 
been tied. This village had its garden northeast of it, on a small flat of very 
.{. rich soil one quarter of an acre in size. For many years, the kettle sticks re-: 
mained in this garden. Where the Indians held their annual green corn feasts 
and dances, south of the garden, were three Indian graves. Northeast of this 
garden, at the foot of the hill, is the famous Selby spring, which the Indians 
opened and used. In the year 1850, a white man brought an Indian troop to 
give a show in Maquon. When they camped at the south edge of town, these 
Indians went straight to the Selby spring for water, showing that they were 
familiar with the place. 

V Village No. 3 was on the southeast quarter. Section 2, Maquon township. 
j It was in a valley on the north of the bluff on French creek. 

Village No. 4 was located on the Mrs. Lodema McGirr farm on the north- 
:' west quarter of Section 12, Maquon township. Tent poles, maple sugar troughs 
.;' and wat^r boxes were there many years after white settlers came. 

(Village No. 5 was on Mr. Menzo Morse's farm, northeast quarter of Sec- 
'tion 35, Maquon township. It was on a depression surrounded by hills and near 
a large spring. Indians spent the winter of 1829 here. Old settlers remember 
that there were about lOO inhabitants in this village of which the larger num- 
ber were men. '. ';';'/;; -; : 
Several burial grounds were found in Maquon township. One of consider- 

able size was on the bluff or mound at the mouth of French creek, a short dis- 
tance southeast of Maquon, on the southeast quarter, Section 2. The builders 
of the C. B. & Q. railroad cut through a large number of graves in the year 
1856. On the southwest quarter of Section 5, during the childhood of the older 
settlers, there were more than a dozen burial mounds from 35 to 40 feet in 
circumference. 



u, . : ^_- ,^-;. v.'/ . , ' :^ Salem Township 

In the eastern part of Salem township on the farm of Mr. Avery Dalton, 
Knox county's oldest inhabitant, was held annually, Pottawatqmie green corn 
feasts and dances ; also, councils were held. .. : ,.,... 

-'/'> ;. -.'^ '../:'.,. V'-:'- ' 'u...^'"-. v'- Lt;w Fort '.'-;>';'...'''-'' ^; ^ .: ^''.'' 

Lewis Fort, in Henderson township, was built by Wm. Lewis and sixteen 
others in the short time of four weeks. It was near the woods, was 210 feet 
square, and was built of oak timbers, twelve feet each in length, set close to- 
gether in the ground, forming a piece fence or palisade eight feet in height. 
This was lined with chunks of sod two feet wide, four feet thick, and two feet 
in length. Portholes were made every four feet. Block houses were erected 
on two of the corners, at which each of the four sides of the fort could be 
guarded. These houses were i6 x 20 feet, and projected slightly beyond the 
fence to prevent the approach of incendiaries. A shed extended all the way 



^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

around the inside. The only place of entry was a doorway, twelve feet wide, 
closed with a heavy puncheon door. A sham cannon of basswood gave the fort 
a deadly look. The other forts were of the same general plan. 

' '^'-'. ".' '-''" 

' X/^- . INDIANS OF THE REVOLUTION / U V : ' !: . \ 

It is little known that this portion of Illinois took any part in the revolution- 
ary war, but the American army marched through Knox county on their way 
from Peoria to Rock Island. Colonel (afterwards General) George Rogers 
Clark, received twenty volunteers from Kentucky, under Captain John Mont- 
gomery, which was an important addition to his army. Captain Montgomery, 
is described as one of the "Long Hunters of Kentucky, Irishman full of Fight." 
In 1778 he was made lieutenant colonel and given the title "Commander in 
chief of the X'irginia Troops in the County of Illinois." | 

The condition of the American army may be judged from an extract of a 
letter he wrote in September, 1779, to General Clark: "I would be glad if it 
is in your power to send to me a Relefe to me for the soldiers, if it is only as 
much as will make them a little Jump Jacote and a pair of overalls, I think 
they might scuffle through." 

On May 26, 1779, the British and Indians attacked the Americans at Caho- 
kia, Illinois. The command was under a Mr. Hess, and was composed of 750 
men. including servants and Indians. These were Menominies, Sioux and Sacs 
and Foxes. General Clark and his men made so brave a resistance at Cahokia, 
that the British retreated northward, one part going by the Mississippi river, 
and the other going by the Illinois river. Colonel Montgomery was ordered to 
follow the enemy up the Illinois river to the lake (Peoria), and then cross the 
country and attack the Sacs and Foxes on Rock river near its mouth. This at- 
tack during the fore part of June, I78o,"by the American army upon the Rock 
river town of the Sacs and Foxes, is the only event in the Revolutionary war 
that brought the American army so far north. And notice : Knox county is in 
a direct line between Peoria and Rock Island, and that the well traveled Galena 
trail passes from one to the other, therefore, the army must have marched 
through Knox county. The Indian villages of Maquonia were on the well worn 
trail from Peoria to Rock river (Indian village), hence it is no stretch of im- 
agination to presume that they passed through the present village of Maquon. 
Another evidence is this : there are, within the confines of Knox county, abundant 
evidence that there were, at least, three heavy battles fought on her soil and 
neither battlefield is ten miles away from Maquon. 

This American army, under Colonel Montgomery, consisted of 350 men, 
according to his letter written February 22, 1783, to the Honorable, the board 
of commissioners for the settlement of western accounts. Among other things 
he says, after speaking of General Clark's movements and commands: "After 
giving me instructions he (General Gark) left Cohos (Cohokia) the fourth of 
June with a small escort for the mouth of the Ohio river, on his route to Ken- 
tucky. I immediately proceeded to the business I was ordered, and marched 
three hundred and fifty men to the lake open on the Illinois river, and from 
thence to the Rock river, destroying the towns and crops proposed." Colonel 
Montgomery gives no detailed account of the march from Cahokia, or of the 



,^ /;,:/::;: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;^^ 47 

engagement at Rock river. It was probably only a minor matter to this "Fight- 
ing Irishman." No mention is made how the Montgomery army returned, but 
it is safe to presume that they went as they came, by land. .,-.,- .x- 

.^'^ '.'''' -^--yy '.'.V-.'':'V..^. .;";'., INDIAN TREATIES ,V'.:M:''-V;- .' ' , .. .vKv-'r'; :'-^' 

; There were, at Iea:st, three Indian treaties that effected the Indians of Knox 
county. Th first one being a treaty made at St. Lx)uis, on November 3, 1804, 
between William Henry Harrison, governor of Indian Territory, and of the Dis- 
trict of Louisiana, with the chief and the head men of the United Sacs and 
Foxes, tribes of Indians. It is as follows : 

For this land, the Indians were to have goods to the value of $2,234.50, and 
an annuity of $i,ooo per year. By a treaty at Fort Madison, April, 1809, and 
renewed during different years, they were allowed to remain on the lands until 
they were surveyed. 'A\ ; ^;- '^^^ 

;::: It seems that the Ottawas, Chippewas and the Pottawatomies also claimed 
rights in these lands. On August 24, i8i6, a treaty was entered into between 
the United States and these Indians, under which the Indians relinquished all 
claims on these lands, as follows : The head chiefs and warriors for themselves 
and the tribes they represent, agree to relinquish, and hereby do relinquish, to 
the United States, all their rights, claims and title to the land contained in the 
before mentioned session of the Sacs and Foxes, which lies south of a due west 
line, from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan to the Mississippi river. 
And they, moreover, cede to the United States all the land contained in the fol- 
lowing bounds, to-wit: Beginning at the left bank of the Fox river of Illinois, 
ten miles above the mouth of said Fox river, thence running so as to cross Sandy 
Creek, ten miles above its mouth ; thence in a direct line to a point ten miles 
north of the west end of Portage, between Chicago Creek, which empties into 
Lake Michigan. The general boundary line between the lands of the United 
States and the said Indian tribes shall be as follows, to-wit : Beginning at a point 
on the Missouri river opposite of the mouth of the Gasconade river, thence in 
a direct course so as to strike the river Jefferson (in Iowa), at the distance of 
thirty miles from its mouth, and down the said Jefferson to the Mississippi, 
thence up the Mississippi to the mouth of the Onisconsing river, and up the 
same which shall be thirty-six miles in a direct line to the point where the Fox 
river (a branch of the Illinois) leaves the small lake Sakaegan, then down the 
Fox river to the Illinois river and down the same to the Mississippi. The 
treaty (Aug. 24, i8i6) was attended by twenty-eight chief Pottawatomies, Otta- 
was, Sacs and Foxes, and Kickapoos. .: -.,,.. ,, V . ' 

''-'''-":.-'.:,:>: ;-X , - . ^ ;,;,'; ;';V. 

;.-;-'.;"-.'. -V';''';- ''' '^' ' /'f'^^^-/.-.. LANDS SI;RVEYED ''''' '\ "';'.' "^ ' : '' ' v .:'-:':-x 

^ ''-'."/;: ':.\^'\^:- :'-' :>- ^_:x '::.. 

From i8i6 to 1823, the land between the Illinois and the Mississippi rivers 

was surveyed, by congressional enactment. May 6, 1812, and subsequently the 
military tract of Illinois was created consisting, as we know, of the land between 
the Illinois and Mississippi rivers south of the north line of what is now Bureau 
and Henry counties. 

Black Hawk, chief of the Sacs and Foxes, who fought for the British in the 



48 , . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

War of 1812, declared these treaties were not binding, and that they would not 
abide by them. Many whites moved upon the land of the Indian. In 1831, 
Black Hawk and a band of warriors established themselves on the disputed ter- 
ritory, ordering the whites to leave at once. '-''./ 

; . , *' - ' - ^, V ' 

' : '. . j- ; j- V ILLINOIS INDIANS IN THE WAR OF l8l2 . ^ > ; 

Upon the declaration of war in June, 1812, the Pottawatomies and most other 
tribes of Indians in the territory of Illinois, strongly sympathized with England. 
Just prior to the War of 1812, Tecumseh, the great Indian chieftain, endeav- 
ored to arouse the western Indians against the whites. For this purpose, he 
visited Illinois and perhaps Knox county. Long years afterwards the Potta- 
watomie chief, Shabbona ( who then lived in Bureau county) stated that Te- 
cumseh came to him personally to get him and his tribe to join with him against 
the whites. 

It is not generally known that Illinois took any important part in the War 
of 1812, but the record, though incomplete, shows that at least four regiments 
and a number of rangers were enlisted and in active service, and had it not 
been for the bravery and vigilance of these rangers, the other settlements of 
Illinois would have met the sad fate of Fort Dearborn. 

'','^-' i:";;-^j^' . MAQUONIA INDIANS ^ '."'-'/ i.; '' 

In September, 1812, an expedition was fitted out at Camp Russell, near Ed- 
wardsville, not far from St. Louis, to march to capture Peoria, as the white 
settlers there were supposed to be in sympathy with the Indians, and was to take 
the Indian tribes in that vicinity. During the expedition. Major Boone, was sent 
with one hundred from Peoria in the direction of Rock river, to look out for 
war parties of Indians. When he went back, he reported that he had penetrated 
the country northwesterly and within forty-five miles of Rock river, he said 
there were several encampments of Indians of the Maquonia, which seemed 
to be deserted about the time the army arrived at Peoria. This is from records 
of the adjutant general of Illinois, and to my mind is conclusive evidence that 
the army marched to Spoon river, which was known by that name at that time, 
and crossed it at Maquon, Knox county, Illinois. I can not otherwise account 
for the name as there is not another town in America by that name. 

Another expedition during the War of 1812 marched from Edwardsville to 
Quincy, where was a large Sacs and Fox village, thence across what is now 
Schuyler and Fulton counties, to the mouth of Spoon river, near where Havana 
now is, and thence to Peoria and destroyed the Pottawatomie village of Chief 
Gomo, near Chillicothe. Peoria was burned and the inhabitants carried away 
in 1813. . 

;: '- " ' \ ':^ . BLACK HAWK WAR - ; 



Black Hawk war seems to be a blot upon the fair name of Illinois because 
of the greed of some of the white people who were determined to have the land. 



V^-':: .-^ V ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY / ' 49 

.;iV-':.;-^. '-;: ^- - .'- 

regardless of the Indian rights and claims. The following speech, by the famous 
Black Hawk, explains the Indian's idea in the matter: ......, .. 

;'-: ^';'.; r.'-^ ,' BLACK HAWK TO GENERAL STREET ' , .' 

"You have taken me prisoner with all my warriors. I am much grieved, 
for I expected, if I did not defeat you, to hold out much longer, and give you 
much trouble, before I surrendered. I tried hard to bring you into ambush, but 
your last general understood Indian fighting. I determined to rush on you and 
fight you face to face. I fought hard, but your guns were well aimed. The bul- 
lets flew like birds through the air and whizzed by our ears like the wind through 
the trees in winter. My warriors fell around me. It began to look dismal. 

"I saw my evil day at hand. The sun rose dim upon us in the morning and at 
night it sank in a dark cloud and looked like a ball of fire. That was the last sun 
that shone on Black Hawk. His heart is dead and no longer beats quick in his 
bosom. He is now a prisoner of the white men: they will do with him as they 
wish, but he can stand torture, and is not afraid of death. He is no coward. 
Black Hawk is an Indian. He has done nothing for which an Indian ought to 
be ashamed. He has fought for his countrymen, against the white men who 
came, year after year, to cheat them and take away their land. 

"You know the cause of our making war. It is known to all white men. 
They ought to be ashamed of it. The white men despise the Indians and drive 
them from their homes. They smile in the face of the poor Indian, to cheat 
him; they shake him by the hand, to gain his confidence, to make him drunk, 
and to deceive him. We told them to let us alone and keep away from us, but 
they followed on and beset our paths and they coiled themselves among us like 
a snake. They poisoned us by their touch. We were not safe. We lived in 
danger. We looked up to the Great Spirit. We went to our Father. We were 
encouraged. His great council gave us fair words and big promises, but we got 
no satisfaction; things were growing worse. There were no deer in the forests. 
The oppossum and beaver were fled. The springs were drying up, and our 
squaws and pappooses were without food to keep them from starving. 

"We called a great council and built a large fire. The spirit of our fathers 
arose, and spoke to us to avenge our wrongs or die. We set up the war-whoop, 
and dug up the tomahawk ; our knives were ready, and the heart of Black Hawk 
swelled high in his bosom, when he led his warriors to the battle. He is satis- 
fied. He will go to the world of Spirits contended. He has done his duty. 
His father will meet him there and commend him. 

"Black Hawk is a true Indian, and he disdains to cry like a woman. He 
feels for his wife, for his children, for his friends, but he does not care for him- 
self. He cares for the nation and the Indian. They will suffer. He laments 
their fate. Farewell, my nation. Black Hawk tried to save you and avenge 
your wrongs. He drank the blood of some of the whites. He has been taken 
prisoner, and his plans are crushed. He can do no more. He is near his end. 
His sun is setting, and he will rise no more. Farewell to Black Hawk." 

I wish to acknowledge my obligation for local history to Major Thomas 
McKee's Reminiscences of old days in Illinois, Miss J. H. McKenney, Mrs. El- 
sie D. Hartsook, Mr. J. W. Miles, Captain C. C. Craig, J. W. Adams, and others. 



Vol. I- 



50 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



The following authorities have been consulted: -'-;'-;'>- 

Chapman's History of Knox County. - -;.:.. ; 

Bateman and Selby History of Knox County. .'- . _. 

Momette's Mississippi Valley, Vol. II, p. loi. :i 

Butterfield Conquest of 111., p. 270. ' ' ; '':'.' ^- / 

Draper Mss., 49, 147. ; ' 

Canadian Archives, Series B., Vol. 97, pt. 2, p. 349. . f 

Treaty Nov. 3, 1804, U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 7, p. 84. . 

Treaty Aug. 24, i8i6, U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol. 7, p. 146. . 

Calendar Virginia State Papers, Vol. Ill, Page 441, as searched by Wm. A. 
Meese, of Rock Island. - .. - ... . . ; 



COURTS THEIR JURISDICTION AND SUITS OF PUBLIC IMPOR- 
TANCE 

, BY HON. GEORGE W. THOMPSON, JUDGE CIRCUIT AND APPELLATE COURTS. 

The legal history of Knox county in detail would include a review of the 
acts of the legislature from the admission of the state of Illinois into the Union, 
the records of the courts which had jurisdiction over the territory now within the 
county, a biography of the judges who have presided over the courts having such 
jurisdiction and of the leading lawyers who have conducted litigation concerning 
public matters in the county and a review of the more important cases tried 
within the county. This history of the county, in the appropriate departments, 
will contain biographical sketches of the lawyers who have practiced and are 
now practicing before the bar and of the judges who have presided over the 
courts of record in the county. It is intended in this sketch to review only topics 
of general interest concerning legal matters within the county. The statutes of 
the state required that the territory within the limits of the county should have 
three hundred inhabitants before it could be organized as a county, and there 
was included within the county when first organized the territory now within its 
boundaries with the two townships that are now the west townships of Stark 
county and which were detached from Knox county in 1839, when Stark county 
was organized. 

An order was entered in the circuit court at Lewistown in Fulton county, of 
which Knox was then a part, on the 5th of July, 1830, that a term of the circuit 
court be held in Knox county on the Friday before the first Monday in October, 
1830. 

When this county was organized the statutes of the state provided, that the 
county commissioners court in each county should divide the county into districts, 
in each of which two justices of the peace should be elected, except in the district 
in which the county seat was situated and in that district three justices of the 
peace should be elected. Justices of the peace had substantially the same juris- 
diction in criminal and in civil matters that they have at the present time, with 
the exception that in civil matters their jurisdiction was limited to the sum of 
$ioo. The statute then in force is very similar to the present statute except that 
justices have been given additional jurisdiction in a few other special matters; 



.;--; .;.>;.- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ :::- 51 

there has been very little change in the practice in such courts. In 1874 their 
jurisdiction was enlarged to controversies not exceeding $200, 

The statutes in force in 1830 also provided that a court of record styled 
"the court of probate" should be established and held at the several county seats, 
and that the judges of probate should be appointed by the general assembly to 
be paid a reasonable compensation to be allowed them out of the county treasury 
by the county commissioners' court. They were required to hold terms on the 
first Monday in every month and had jurisdiction over estates of deceased per- 
sons. The only jurisdiction that the court of probate had when first established 
was in the matter of estates of deceased persons, the appointment of guardians 
and matters relating to apprentices. They had no jurisdiction in the allowance of 
claims against estates if the claim exceeded $IOCXD or in proceedings to sell real 
estate to pay debts. 

In 1837 the legislature changed the name from probate judge to probate jus- 
tice, and made the office elective by the voters for the term of four years. The 
probate justice was also given the same jurisdiction in civil matters as justices 
of the peace, and in cases of debt or assumpsit where an administrator or executor 
was a party, they had civil jurisdiction to the extent of $1000. In 1845 the 
style of ihe probate justice was changed by the legislature to "probate justice of 
the peace;" the term of office was reduced to two years, but their jurisdiction 
remained substantially the same as under the act of 1837. ; 

The constitution of 1848 provided that a county court should be established 
and that a county judge should be elected in each county. By the statute of 1849 
county courts were given full jurisdiction in the settlement of estates, including 
the power to sell real estates of decedents to pay debts, with the same jurisdiction 
as justices of the peace in civil suits, where the amount involved did not exceed 
$ioo. In 1872, under the constitution of 1870, the jurisdiction of county courts 
in civil suits was enlarged, giving them jurisdiction in all matters over which 
justices of the peace had jurisdiction, when the amount involved did not exceed 
$500 with jurisdiction, concurrent with the circuit court, over appeals from jus- 
tices of the peace, but appeals from the county court when sitting as a justice of 
the peace, were to be taken to the circuit court. They were also given jurisdic- 
tion over criminal cases, where the punishment was not imprisonment in the peni- 
tentiary or death, and the circuit court was authorized to certify indictments in 
such matters to the county court for trial. In 1877 the jurisdiction of the county 
courts was extended in civil suits to $1000; law terms were established for that 
court, and appeals in common law cases directed to be taken to the appellate 
court and in proceedings for the sale of real estate to pay debts of decedents to 
the supreme court. 

There was also a court of record for the government of counties, established 
when the state was organized, called "the county commissioners' court." It was 
composed of three county commissioners elected in each county ; they had power 
to appoint a clerk. The jurisdiction of this court was limited to matters concern- 
ing the county revenue, the imposing of county taxes, granting licenses for ferries 
and "taverns" and anything that brought in revenue to the county. It also had 
jurisdiction in all cases of public roads, canals, turnpike roads and toll bridges. 
While styled a court, it was simply the means of county government. This court 
continued until 1849, when an act was passed authorizing counties to adopt town- 



52 HISTORY OF KNox COUNTY ' ^^'.-:f^:---::'^:'^--::\^: -.^^.^''^ 

ship organization by a vote of the people. 'While it is styled a court, yet it had 
no jurisdiction in civil matters, between third parties or in criminal matters, its 
jurisdiction being limited to county business. 

The circuit court in Illinois has always been a court having general jurisdic- 
tion over all legal matters except in the probate of wills and the settlement of 
estates. The first term of the circuit court was opened in Knox county in a '' 
"temporary seat of justice" on the first day of October, 1830, at the home of 
John B. Gum, which was a log cabin on section thirty-two in Henderson township. .^ ':'' 

The first judicial order, made in the circuit court of Knox county on that :;" 
day, directed the recording of an order made at Lewistown on June lO, 1830, that /; ! 
an election be held at the house of John B. Gum for the election of three county ';. 
commissioners, a sheriff and coroner, to be held on the 3rd of July, 1830. There 
was a grand and petit jury in attendance. On the first day of court the grand 
jury made a report concerning the condition of the jail and that there was no '' '; 
business for their consideration. The court adjourned until the next day when - , 
the court was adjourned for the term. The only business transacted by the court - - 
at that term, other than directing the recording of the orders concerning the v 
organization of the county, the approval of the bonds of John G. Sanborn, as 
clerk of the court, of Stephen Osburn as sheriff, ordering such bonds recorded, ^ 
the appointing of a temporary states attorney and the empanelling and discharging . .-'X 
of grand and petit juries was to certify to the county commissioners court, that .'^ : 
the sheriff had attended court two days. ' . 

On January 15, 1831, the legislature passed an act providing, "that the seat ; 
of justice for the county of Knox is hereby permanently established on the south- S." 
west quarter of section twenty-eight in township eleven north, of range two east" . , 
and authorizing the county commissioners of the county to purchase said quarter 'v ! 
of land of the United States "and to lay off on the same a town which shall be . ..-. 
called Henderson." (Laws of 1831, page 62.) On December 22nd, 1832, the >; ;/ 
legislature enacted: "That the county seat of Knox, hitherto known by the name :-'; 
of Henderson, shall from and after the passage of this act be known and desig- ; 
nated by the name of Knoxville." Knoxville remained a town until 1853, when :' 
it was incorporated as a city by an act of the legislature. - -': 

In March, 1831, the county commissioners made a contract with William - ; 
Lewis for the building of a court house in the town of Henderson to which the .';.. 
legislature had transferred the seat of justice. A two story court house twenty- :^ 
eight feet long by twenty feet wide built of hewed logs was completed in 1833, at - ; 
a cost when furnished of less than $40x5, which served all the purposes of a court \y 
house until 1840, when a two story brick court house was erected at a cost of '';. 
$15,450 on the public square in Knoxville. That building still stands and is now - ;; 
used by the city of Knoxville as an office building. In 1854 a two room fireproof 
brick building was erected near the court house for the use of the clerks and for . ,V 
the safe keeping of the records. :",; 

In 1873 the county seat was changed from' Knoxville to Galesburg, where -l.t r 
court was held in the opera house on the south side of the square until October ;- 
term 1883. The records of the county were kept, and the clerk's offices were ; ; 
located in a one story fireproof building on South Cherry street, which had been . ; 
built by the city of Galesburg for the use of the county, where the city hall of 
Galesburg now stands. That building was also used as a county court room. 



:;C; ;;-^:;;^; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :< -^ 68 

In 1882 the county began the erection of a second story over the clerk's offices 
which was reached by an outside stairway. The circuit court was held in the 
second story of this building from October, 1883, until the present court house 
was completed in 1886 at a cost, when furnished, of about $150,000. 

In 1860 the question of the removal of the county seat from Knoxville to 
Galesburg was raised. From that time the location of the county seat figured 
much in the official affairs and in the politics of the county. Dennis Clark who 
resided in Abingdon was elected county judge in November, 1865, and held that 
office five successive terms and until the election in 1886. The fact that the city 
of his residence was favorable to the change of the county seat to Galesburg was 
long used as an argument why the citizens of Galesburg should vote for him for 
county judge. In 1862 in a constitutional convention, propositions were offered, 
contended for and resisted, the ultimate motive of which was the removal of the 
county seat of Knox county from Knoxville to Galesburg. In 1865 an act was 
passed by the legislature providing for a change from Knoxville to Galesburg if 
the people of the county should by a vote of its citizens favor such removal.. In 
March, 1869, an act was passed authorizing the supervisors to appoint commis- 
sioners to contract with the city of Galesburg or persons offering gifts to the 
county as an inducement for the removal of the county seat to Galesburg. An 
election was held on the question of the removal of the county seat to Galesburg 
on April 6, 1869. On the face of the returns the vote was against the removal. 
That election was contested, and on a trial in the circuit court of McDonough 
county, where the case was transferred, by a change of venue, it was held. Judge 
Higby of Pike county presiding, that the majority of the vote on the location of 
the county seat was in favor of Galesburg. The case was one of the most impor- 
tant and closely contested civil cases that have arisen in this county. The ablest 
lawyers that could be found in the state were employed in the case. The law firm 
of Craig and Harvey, composed of Judge A. M. Craig, who at that time lived 
midway between Galesburg and Knoxville, and later was elected to the supreme 
bench of the state, and his brother-in-law, Curtis K. Harvey, a very promising 
young lawyer, were the leading counsel for the city of Knoxville. They were 
assisted by G. L. Hannaman and P. H. Sanford, who resided in Knoxville and 
who afterwards from 1886 to 1898 presided as judge of the county court after 
the removal of the county seat to Galesburg, but who lived and died in Knox- 
ville, and by Eagan and Temple and H. M. Weed of Peoria, and Beckwith, Ayer 
& Kales of Chicago. The case for the city of Galesburg was presented by Mc- 
Kenzie and Williams, Frost & Tunnicliff and Kitchell and Arnold. E. P. Will- 
iams of McKenzie and Williams is entitled to much credit for the great care 
and freedom from error with which the case was presented in the circuit court, 
and the ultimate success of Galesburg at the end of the case in the supreme 
court. 

At the time of the county seat contest all that was required in favor of a re- 
moval was a majority of the votes cast. Prior to that contest there was no gen- 
eral legislation in such matters, but special acts were passed by the general as- 
sembly concerning different counties. The constitution of 1870 contains a pro- 
vision that a vote to change a county seat shall not be taken oftener than once in 
ten years, and that if the new location is further from the center of the county 
than the old one, then a vote of three-fifths of the votes of the county in favor 



iN- ! - HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ :^ ':- "^ 

of the removal is required to move it, but if the new location is nearer the center 
of the county, then a majority vote only shall be necessary. The contest in Knox 
county was the cause of the foregoing provision. 

On June ii, 1832, court was opened in the new log court house just finished 
in Knoxville, then called Henderson. The grand jury empanelled at that term 
reported that there were no violations of law, and the records show that there 
was no business before the court either of a criminal or civil nature. The first 
bill in chancery filed in this county was a bill for divorce, at that time called a 
libel for divorce, filed to the October term, 1832, entitled Tanner vs. Tanner. 
At that term, there being no general statute concerning notice of suit to non-resi- 
dent defendants by publication, an order was made for the publication of notice 
to the defendant in a public newspaper published in the state. The libellant, 
Rhoda Tanner, upon a showing as to her poverty, not only procured an order that 
she be permitted to prosecute her suit as a poor person without the payment of 
any costs, but also secured an order directing and requiring James W. Whitney, 
an attorney, to prosecute her suit without any compensation or fee. The only 
other business at that term was the issuing of attachments against persons sum- 
moned for jury service who have failed to appear. 

At the June term 1833, in Knoxville the first entry on the records of the 
county was made in a criminal case. That case came on a change of venue from 
McDonough county. The only common law case upon the docket at that term, 
in which any order was made, was an appeal from the judgment of a justice of 
the peace, which had been obtained on a note dated in May, 1830, "payable in 
young cattle." O. H. Browning, a lawyer from Quincy, a leader of the bar in the 
state in his day, appeared as the attorney for the defendant. The defendant pro- 
cured a continuance and the case was not disposed of until 1834, when, the de- 
fendant being unable to obtain any further postponement, the appeal was dis- 
missed and judgment for $21.15 rendered against the defendant. . 1 
: . ; The second and third chancery suits, begun within the county, were also bills 
for divorce. A decree was entered in April, 1834, granting a divorce to the 
libellant, in the bill for divorce filed to the October term, 1832. The first indict- 
ment returned by a grand jury, for an offence committed within the county, was 
returned at the April term, 1834. At that term two indictments were returned, 
one charging certain defendants with riot, and another charging the defendant 
with selling intoxicating liquor without a license. The cases were tried before a 
petit jury and the defendants were acquitted. 

Under the constitution of i8i8 the judicial power of the state was vested in a 
supreme court and such inferior courts as the general assembly might establish. 
It provided that the justices of the supreme court and of the inferior courts 
should be appointed by a joint ballot of both branches of the general assembly 
and be commissioned by the governor and hold their offices during good be- 
havior, until the end of the first session of the legislature after January i, 1824. 

Richard M. Young, one of the judges of the supreme court who received a 
salary of $1000 each, presided over the circuit court in Knox county from its 
organization until the May term, 1837, when he was succeeded by James H. Rals- 
ton. Stephen A. Douglas was one of the judges of the supreme court from 1841 
to 1843 and presided over the circuit court of Knox county during that time. 
In 1848 a new constitution was adopted by the state which declared that the 



>-^^te V:'^;-"^v ; ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :':".:-- 56 

judicial power of the state should be vested in a supreme court consisting of 
three judges, in circuit courts, county courts and in justices of the peace, all of 
whom should be elected by the people of fixed and definite terms. The consti- 
tution of 1848 fixed the salaries of judges of the supreme court at $1200 per 
annum and of the judges of the circuit court at $icxx> per annum. 

The constitution of 1870 increased the number of judges of the supreme court 
to seven and the salary of such judges to $4Co until otherwise provided by law. 
It also made provision for the creation of inferior appellate courts by the general 
assembly, which provision was acted on in 1877, and the appellate courts estab- 
lished. It fixed the salaries of circuit judges at $3000 per annum until otherwise 
provided by law. V-.':'^^ ". ^..,. 

The appellate courts were formed by an act dividing the state into a certain 
number of circuits, each circuit being composed of several counties, and electing 
three circuit judges in each. The state was divided into four appellate districts. 
The supreme court assigns three circuit judges to each district, who do appellate 
duty as well as circuit court duty, however without any additional pecuniary com- 
pensation, but are recompensed by the honor of the appointment. 

In the constitutions of i8i8 and 1848 there was no restriction against special 
legislation, and much of the time of the general assembly was occupied with legis- 
lation, concerning matters of local interest only, in which the public at large was 
not interested. The constitution of 1870 contains a provision against special 
legislation concerning certain enumerated things, and provides generally that in 
all cases where a general law can be made applicable no special law shall be 
enacted. Section 42 of an act passed by the legislature and approved March 2, 
1839, provides : "That Turner Roundtree, Thomas Gilbert and z\grippa L. Mar- 
tin, of the county of Knox, be and they are hereby appointed commissioners to 
review, survey and relocate that part of the state road leading from Knoxville 
in Knox county to New Boston, in Mercer county, which lies in the said county 
of Knox, so that said road, as relocated, may run through the town of Gales- 
burg in said county of Knox, and strike the present state road at some point 
between Galesburg and Alfred Brown's." In 1841 an act was passed requiring 
an election to be held in Cherry Grove precinct, in Knox county, for the election 
of an additional justice of the peace and constable who shall reside within the 
limits of the town of Abingdon. 

Some of the special charters created by acts passed under the old constitutions 
of the state are cherished as very valuable, while the rights secured by others have 
been abandoned. The Farmers and Mechanics Bank of Galesburg is incorpo- 
rated and exercises its corporate rights as a bank under a special charter obtained 
from the legislature. The cities of Galesburg, Abingdon, and Oneida, each, were 
incorporated under special charters. The original charters obtained from the leg- 
islature by these cities continued many specially valuable provisions, amongst 
others may be mentioned the prohibition against licensing the sale of intoxicating 
liquors as a beverage. Abingdon and Oneida still cling to their original charters, 
with the result that no intoxicating liquor has ever been legally sold as a beverage 
within their boundaries. In 1876 the city of Galesburg, by a vote of its inhabit- 
ants, became incorporated under the general incorporation act concerning the 
incorporation of cities and villages passed in 1872, and relinquished its charter 
prohibition against the sale of intoxicating liquor. The public school system of 



56 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

:^|:-- 
Galesburg is still acting under the provisions of a special school charter adopted 

in 1859. 

The public school system of the city of Galesburg, while existing under a 
special act, is controlled by the general school law in the conduct of some of its 
business and in some matters by its special charter. In 1882 there appeared in the 
public newspapers of the city articles written by a prominent lawyer contending 
that the board of education of the city was not controlled by the general school 
law, and that it was unnecessary for the teachers employed in the city schools to 
go to the expense and trouble of procuring certificates of their fitness to teach 
from the county superintendent of schools. The result of the newspaper articles 
was that a citizen of the same political persuasion as the author of the articles 
employed a lawyer who occupied offices near those of the author of the articles 
to bring a suit to enjoin the payment of the salary of a teacher of penmanship, 
who, teaching a special subject only, did not have a certificate from the county 
superintendent licensing to teach. The writer of the newspaper articles was 
employed to defend the school board against the injunction suit and show that 
his published articles laid down correct legal principles. The circuit court held 
that no teacher in the public schools was entitled to be paid out of the school 
fund, unless he held a proper certificate from the county superintendent of 
schools. The case was appealed to the supreme court, where it was expected, 
that as the briefs for the citizens who brought the suit, only perfunctorily stated 
his contention and the defendant's brief was an able one, that the case would be 
reversed and the school board exempted- from the provisions of the general 
school law. Another leading lawyer of the city, James A. McKenzie, who was 
regarded as one of the best common law pleaders that ever practiced in the county, 
and who had a state wide reputation, quietly filed a brief as a friend of the court 
and for the public good, and the decree of the trial court was affirmed in an 
opinion published in 112 111. Supreme Court Reports at page ii, much to the dis- 
comfiture of the lawyer, who had instigated the suit by his published letters and 
who apparently had his choice of sides in the case. 

A comparison of the judicial records of the first few years of the county with 
those of later years demonstrates that the inhabitants of the county were neither 
different in their characteristics nor distinctly better or worse than its citizens of 
the present time. The first action usually taken by a defendant in court was to 
move for a continuance. The proportion of divorces compared with other chan- 
cery suits was then apparently as great as at present, and the court compelled 
attorneys to prosecute suits for divorce in behalf of poor persons without re- 
ward, a proceeding unknown at the present time in civil suits between parties. 
Now there is an outcry for the defense against such sirits by the public, instead 
of assistance to complainants therein. Selling intoxicating liquor, without a 
license, was in the early years of the county a frequent offense, and there was 
the same difficulty in procuring convictions that now exists. A large proportion 
of the judicial records of the circuit court, in its earlier years, is made up of or- 
ders for attachments for contempt against parties summoned for jury service, 
who had failed to appear. The parties on the hearing of the attachments were 
usually discharged, occasionally, however, being taxed with the costs of the at- 
tachment. Serving on juries, especially on grand juries was a service rendered 
at that time apparently more unwillingly than at present, for which there was 




THE CITY HALL 

Located on South Cherry Street, between Simmons and Tompkins Streets. Erected 1905-6. Value, 

$45,000. 



S6 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . 

Galesburg is still acting under the provisions of a special school charter adopted 
in 1859. 

The public school system of the city of Galesburg, while existing under a 
special act, is controlled by the general school law in the conduct of some of its 
business and in some matters by its special charter. In 1882 there appeared in the 
public newspapers of the city articles written by a prominent lawyer contending 
that the board of education of the city was not controlled by the general school 
law, and that it was unnecessary for the teachers employed in the city schools to 
go to the expense and trouble of procuring certificates of their fitness to teach 
from the county superintendent of schools. The result of the newspaper articles 
was that a citizen of the same political persuasion as the author of the articles 
employed a lawyer who occupied offices near those of the author of the articles 
to bring a suit to enjoin the payment of the salary of a teacher of penmanship, 
who, teaching a special subject only, did not have a certificate from the county 
superintendent licensing to teach. The writer of the newspaper articles was 
employed to defend the school board against the injunction suit and show that 
his published articles laid down correct legal principles. The circuit court held 
that no teacher in the public schools was entitled to be paid out of the school 
fund, unless he held a proper certificate from the county superintendent of 
schools. The case was appealed to the supreme court, where it was expected, 
that as the briefs for the citizens who brought the suit, only perfunctorily stated 
his contention and the defendant's brief was an able one, that the case would be 
reversed and the school board exempted from the provisions of the general 
school law. Another leading lawyer of the city, James A. McKenzie, who was 
regarded as one of the best common law pleaders that ever practiced in the county, 
and who had a state wide reputation, quietly filed a brief as a friend of the court 
and for the public good, and the decree of the trial court was affirmed in an 
opinion published in 112 111. Supreme Court Reports at page ii, much to the dis- 
comfiture of the lawyer, who had instigated the suit by his published letters and 
who apparently had his choice of sides in the case. 

A comparison of the judicial records of the first few years of the county with 
those of later years demonstrates that the inhabitants of the county were neither 
different in their characteristics nor distinctly better or worse than its citizens of 
the present time. The first action usually taken by a defendant in court was to 
move for a continuance. The proportion of divorces compared with other chan- 
cery suits was then apparently as great as at present, and the court compelled 
attorneys to prosecute suits for divorce in behalf of poor persons without re- 
ward, a proceeding unknown at the present time in civil suits between parties. 
Now there is an outcry for the defense against such suits by the public, instead 
of assistance to complainants therein. Selling intoxicating liquor, without a 
license, was in the early years of the county a frequent oflfense, and there was 
the same difficulty in procuring convictions that now exists. A large proportion 
of the judicial records of the circuit court, in its earlier years, is made up of or- 
ders for attachments for contempt against parties summoned for jury service, 
who had failed to appear. The parties on the hearing of the attachments were 
usually discharged, occasionally, however, being taxed with the costs of the at- 
tachment. Serving on juries, especially on grand juries was a service rendered 
at that time apparently more unwillingly than at present, for which there was 

:'/.T- . . ^ . \ -^ 




THE CITY HALL - 

Located on South Cherry Street, between Simmons and Tompkins Streets. Erected 1905-C. \'aluc, 
$45,110(1. 



,'* 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 57 

then more reason than now, in addition to the lack of transportation facilities, as 
grand jurors in the earlier years of the county received no mileage or compensa- 
tion of any kind, and petit jurors received 25c a day for each civil case in which 
they served, and no compensation whatever in criminal cases. 

The territory within the state of Illinois was originally with other territory 
northwest of the Ohio river, within the state of Virginia and was in 1778 organ- 
ized into the county of Illinois. In 1783 it was ceded to the United States by 
the state of Virginia, and by the ordinance of the i3th day of July, 1787, was 
erected into a territorial government. That ordinance contains certain articles 
of compact, between the original states and the people in that territory, which 
articles it is declared shall forever remain unalterable unless by common con- 
sent. The ordinance provides, among other things, that the inhabitants of said 
territory shall always be entitled to the benefits of judicial proceedings according 
to the course of common law. There is still in the statutes of Illinois an act 
which provides, "That the common law of England so far as the same is ap- 
plicable and of a general nature, and all statutes or acts of the British parliament 
made in aid of, and to supply the defects of the common law, prior to the fourth 
year of, James the First, excepting the second section of the sixth chapter of 
43d Elizabeth, the eighth chapter of the I3th Elizabeth, and the ninth chapter 
of 37th Henry Eighth and which are of a general nature and not local to that 
kingdom shall be the rule of decisions and shall be considered as of full force 
until repealed by legislative authority." The legislature fixed the law as it was 
in England in 1607, the fourth year of James the First, as the period at which 
the law of England should be made applicable to this country instead of the year 
of the Declaration of Independence, for the reason that was the time of the in- 
stitution of the first territorial government in America. The adoption of the 
common law, as it was in 1607, has been construed as only applicable in cases 
where that law is applicable to the habits and conditions of our society and in 
harmony with the genius, spirit and objects of American institutions. By the 
common law is meant those maxims, principles and forms of procedure that have 
no written law to warrant them, but are founded on the laws of nature and the 
dictates of reason and have by usage and custom become interwoven with the 
written laws. This law is found in the records of the courts, and writings of 
men skilled in the profession, whose statements of the law are deductions and 
conclusions gathered from the decisions of the courts. 

The practice and procedure in the trial courts, in our times, are but little dif- 
. ferent from the practice at the time the county was organized or as it was in 
1607. The pleadings, in courts were then written by the attorneys, now they are 
usually dictated to stenographers, are typewritten and are more verbose. By the 
change in office methods, the conciseness and precision that governed in earlier 
times has been lost. The procedure in the courts both in civil and criminal 
matters has not advanced and has not kept pace with the improvements in other 
sciences, but clings to the rule of precedent. Several attempts have been made 
by the judiciary and the leading lawyers of the state to simplify and expedite 
the methods of court procedure, but the recommendations of practice commissions, 
the last of which was made in 1907, have been practically ignored by the legisla- 
ture. While the statutes of the state make a large volume, that part of them 
applicable to practice in courts of record is contained within less than forty 



58 r HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V "^ ; .v .'Iw ;^;''. 

pages of the present statute. The most important statute modifying the old -; ; 
common law practice is the statute of amendments, which permits any process '.'.'- 
or pleading in a civil suit to be amended by leave of the court for the furtherance ; .. 
of justice at any time even after judgment. ;- 

Knox county is in the military tract of Illinois: the land in it was set apart .- 
by the federal government for the soldiers of the War of 1812 to be located upon ' '^ 
by them. The warrants issued to the soldiers were in great part bought up by ..: 
speculators, who located the warrants on land the title to which was in the gov- *;- 
ernment. Many of the soldiers who themselves located their warrants and re- :;' 
ceived the patents for their land, either sold the land, or the land being so far .;; - 
from the settled parts of the country, it was regarded by the owners of so little ; \ 
value that they paid no attention to their property and permitted it to be sold ' 
for taxes. The result was that after a patent had been issued to a soldier and " ' 
the land remained vacant and unoccupied, or it was occupied by squatters with- J 
out any claim of title, speculators would secure some kind of a title, either a tax ' 
title or a deed, either from the soldier, or some one of the same name. It did ' 
not seem to be important, whether the maker of the deed was the soldier or a V. ' 
descendant, if he could make a deed in the name of the patentee. Titles to land 
were very uncertain. Many fraudulent titles were recorded, and frequently there 
were several titles of record to the same tract of land. The result was, that in ' '.. 
1839 statutes were enacted by the legislature for the purpose of quieting titles. 
One of these statutes provided that whenever any person, having claim and color ; '' 
of title made in good faith to vacant and unoccupied land, shall pay all taxes :.. 
legally assessed thereon for seven successive years, he shall be adjudged the legal ; ; 
owner of such vacant land, according to the purport of his paper title. Another . > 
section provided that every person in the actual possession of land under claim . 
and color of title, made in good faith, and who shall for seven successive years 
continue in possession and shall during said time pay all taxes legally assessed ;. 
against such land, shall be adjudged the owner to the extent and purport of his ' 
paper title. The purpose of the passage of these statutes was to perfect and give . , ' 
good title to land, which parties had in good faith bought from others, who had :'. 
no title or only a fraudulent title, and to put an end to the very general litigation . - 
concerning land titles. The courts held that while these statutes purported to be ,. .' 
statutes making title, yet they could only be used as a shield to defend the title ...:' 
of the party in possession and could not be used as a sword to destroy the title of ; 
others. The case of Hale vs. Gladfelter, which was tried in the circuit court of V i 
Knox county before Hon. A. A. Smith of Galesburg, judge presiding, and taken 
by appeal to the supreme court involved the title to a quarter section of land in 
Victoria township in this county, secured a construction of the statutes referred V. . 
to. It was one of the most important civil cases tried in this county and had 
very able lawyers opposed to each other ; Leander Douglas represented T. J. Hale, 
who was ultimately successful, and Frost and Tunnicliff, P. H. Sanford and ;;. 
Martin Shallenberger of Toulon, represented Levi Gladfelter. > . 

In 1882 Edgar A. Bancroft, then starting in the practice of law, began in - ; 
Knox county a case of great public importance entitled Jones vs. the Chicago & '': 
Burlington Railroad Co., to recover penalties for overcharges on shipment .'. - 
of stocks. F. A. Willoughby and F. S. Murphy were subsequently associated ' '. 
with Bancroft for the plaintiff and O. F. Price and Williams and Lawrence of :';;^ 



''':,;: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .; - 59 

Galesburg, with Chicago attorneys represented the railroad company. In this 
cause was tested the validity of an act of the legislature passed in 1873, entitled 
an act to prevent extortion and unjust discrimination in the rates charged for 
the transportation of passengers and freight. The act authorized the railroad 
and warehouse commissioners to make schedules of reasonable and maximum 
rates for the transportation of passengers and freight, and gave to persons who 
were injured by any violation of the act, a right of recovery for three times the 
amount of the damages sustained and attorneys fees. The case was tried in the 
circuit court of Knox county. Judge Glenn of -Monmouth presiding, and a judg- 
ment rendered in favor of the plaintiff for $2,868.60 and $1,200 attorneys fees. 
The case was not finally disposed of in the supreme court of Illinois until 1894 
because of transfers back and forth between the state and federal courts, when 
the judgment was affirmed in an opinion by the supreme court of this state es- 
tablishing the validity of the statute and the control of the state over common 
carriers. 

A history of the trial of judicial matters in Knox county would be incom- 
plete without reference to two judges of the supreme court of the state and a 
circuit judge who resided in Knox county during their terms of offices. In 1864 
Charles 'B. Lawrence, then a judge of the circuit court of Knox county, was 
elected to the supreme bench. His record as a nisi prius judge has not been ex- 
celled in the state for wisdom and accuracy. His opinions in the supreme court 
are contained in volumes 36 to 67 and are very concise models of legal literature 
and learning. They leave no doubt as to the law therein laid down. 

In 1873 he was succeeded by Alfred M. Craig, who held a seat on that bench 
until 1900. His opinions are found in volumes 67 to i86 inclusive and are noted 
for their clearness and hard common sense. He displayed g^eat legal acumen 
in adapting judicial principles to new and changing conditions, without being 
chargeable with judicial legislation. In a case involving the question of the right 
of school directors to provide separate schools for colored children, in which the 
supreme court judges were divided in opinion. Judge Craig held with the ma- 
jority, that while school directors had large discretionary powers, yet they had 
no right to discriminate between children on account of color or social condition. 
He wrote the opinion in the famous Illinois Central Railroad case, involving the 
right of the railroad company under its charter to submerged lands along the lake 
front in Chicago, in which it was decided that the state held the title to the lands 
within its boundaries covered by the waters of Lake Michigan, in trust for the 
people and that the state had no right to sell such lands. 

Arthur A. Smith, judge of the circuit court from 1867 to 1894, was born in 
Batavia, Ohio. He graduated from Knox College in 1853. He studied law for a 
while in New York and afterwards in Peoria and was admitted to the bar and 
opened a law office in Galesburg in 1855. At the breaking out of the Civil war 
he helped to organize the 83rd Regiment of Illinois Infantry, of which he was 
elected lieutenant colonel. He served his country well until the close of the war, 
when he was mustered out with the rank of brigadier general. For a short time 
after the close of the war. General Smith remained at Clarksville, but returned 
to Galesburg in 1866, where he resumed the practice of law. In the early part 
of 1867, he was appointed circuit judge to fill the vacancy created by the resigna- 
tion of Judge John S. Thompson of Mercer county. ' . - v ;' - 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY r ^-o ;, 

Judge Smith was succeeded by Judge Hiram Bigelow of Galva, in Henry 
county, who served out the remainder of Judge Smith's term, ,\ I ...: ' 

Judge Bigelow was succeeded by the writer of this article, who is now serving 
his third term as circuit judge. 



V:?// COURTHOUSES ' ' ;^\" -^^ 

In pursuance of the policy announced in the preface of this history, it is 
now our intention to write up the several matters of interest to the people of 
this county in such detail as to present them as they really occurred. 

In our third chapter it seemed natural and convenient to attach an account 
of the construction of the first court house and jail to the account of the final 
organization of the courts and the election of the county and township or dis- 
trict officers. We were explicit in everything pertaining to the construction of 
the court house, but the jail does not appear in so much detail on the record. 
In fact, it does not seem to have been fully paid for until the year 1838. 

Since that time two court houses and two jails have been erected in Knox 
county. All of these buildings were fine structures for the times in which they 
were built, and it will be seen from the account here given, that they were all 
thoroughly well built, and that there was never the slightest evidence or sus- 
picion of fraud or dishonesty in the work. It was the writer's pleasure and 
honor to have been county clerk during the construction of the present court 
house, and he wishes here' to state that during all that period the men comprising 
the county board of Knox county were men of honor and ability and would 
have been a credit to any state legislature of any state of the Union. 

We will now proceed with our account of Knox county court house con- 
struction. 

In December, 1836, it appears from the records that the county commis- 
sioners were moved to consider the question of again building a court house. 
The log structure which was erected at the start, and costing less than $400, 
was in the very nature of things temporary and designed only to meet the then 
pressing needs of the county. It does 'not appear from the records that there 
had been any previous discussion upon this subject on the part of the people, 
but we find a simple order directing the preparation of plans with the provision 
for advertising the same and placing those plans where they would be acces- 
sible to such architects as might be found in the then new cities of the state. 
The following orders appear of record : 

ORDERED: That Henry J. Runkle (or some other person whom he may em- 
ploy) be requested to furnish three copies of a suitable draft for a court house 
to be erected in the town of Knoxville, of the following description: The main 
building to be 40 feet wide by 50 feet in length with a portico in front of suit- 
able proportion, supported by stone pillars. The basement story to be of stone 
and to be divided in the middle lengthwise by a hall or passage and one side 
divided into three apartments, and the other side in four apartments, and the 
main building to be of brick, the whole to be of suitable proportion. 

ORDERED : That the clerk make out an advertisement and cause the same to 



. ;: ;: -> ^ ' :_ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : , . , 61 

be inserted in the newspapers printed at Peoria and Quincy. That sealed pro- 
posals will be received at the office of the clerk of this court until the March 
term of this court for said building in separate contracts : one for the walls and 
outside of said building, and the other for the inside work of said building, hav- 
ing reference, to the said drafts for particular information, the said drafts to 
be deposited with the clerks of the county commissioners courts of the counties 
of Knox, Peoria and Adams. 

It appears further that the foregoing advertisements did not result in the 
production of any plans or at least any plans that were satisfactory, for we find 
the following order entered of record at the March term, to which term of court 
plans were to be returned. 

ORDERED: That Eldert Runkle, one of the commissioners of this court, be 
and he is hereby appointed and authorized on the behalf of said court to pro- 
cure a suitable draft or drafts of a court house for said county, previous to the 
next regular term of this court. . : . j : - J^ ^ ' ^ 

The county commissioners' record does not make any statement in regard to 
plans and specifications for court house filed pursuant to notice given at the 
September term of court. Plans and specifications were, however, filed with 
the clerk of the court, but were probably too elaborate and were therefore not 
entered of record ; but we find a contract for the building of a new court house 
for the sum of $15,450, made and entered into with Alvah Wheeler and Zelotes 
Cooley, who at that time lived in Hancock county, Illinois. This contract is 
given below as it is made for the erection of the building which now stands in 
the public square at Knoxville, and is therefore of sufficient interest to the peo- 
pie of this county to copy it from the records which are scarcely ever seen, 
and make it a matter of historic value by including it in this history of Knox 
county. The following is the contract : 

Alvah Wheeler and Zelotes Cooley have entered into contract with the com- 
missioners of Knox county in articles of agreement as follows: This agree- 
ment made and entered into this tenth day of March, A. D., 1838, between AJ- 
vah Wheeler and Zelotes Cooley of Hancock county, in the state of Illinois of 
the first part, and Jos Rowe, James Ferguson and Eldert Runkle, county com- 
missioners of the said county of Knox in said state of Illinois on behalf of said 
county of Knox of the second part, Witnesseth: That the said party of the first 
part for and in consideration of the covenants on the part of the said party of 
the second part hereinafter mentioned, hereby covenants and agrees to and 
with the said party of the second part and their successors in office to furnish 
the materials for and to erect and build a court house in the town of Knoxville, 
in said county of Knox (upon such site as shall be designated by the said party 
of the second part) agreeably to certain plans and specifications by them filed 
with the clerk of the county commissioners' court of said county of Knox (to 
which plans and specifications reference is herein had, and they are made a 
part of this agreement), the said court house to be fully completed and finished 
(agreeably to said plans and specifications), on or before the first day of May, 
A. D., 1840. 

In consideration whereof, the said party of the second part for themselves 
and their successors in office hereby covenant and agree to and with the said 
party of the first part to pay to the said party of the first part, the sum of fifteen 



|i|;;;'4^-- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V-'^^^J 

thousand, four hundred and fifty dollars at the times and in the manner fol- 
lowing, to-wit: To advance to the said party of the first part (when this agree- 
ment is executed), the sum of one thousand, four hundred and fifty dollars 
(which sum is to be secured to the said party of the second part by good per- 
sonal security to be by them approved), and tb make further payments from 
time to time (as often as once per month as required by the said party of the 
first part) as the work progresses proportioned to the progress thereof, so that 
the last payment shall be made when the said court house is completed. And 
it is mutually understood and agreed by and between the parties that in estimat- 
ing the progress of said building reference shall be had to the value of the mate- 
rials provided therefor and of the labor bestowed thereon, so that the said party 
of the first part may (whenever an estimate is made) be paid a sum proportioned 
to the advancement of the work, and it is further mutually agreed by and be- 
tween the parties that if at any time they shall not agree upon the amounts which 
should then be paid, that then each party shall nominate one person who to- 
gether shall estimate the progress of said work and fix the amount which is at 
that time to be paid to the said party of the first part and if the two persons 
thus nominated shall disagree they two shall appoint a third person to act as 
umpire, whose decision shall be final in the premises, and the said party of the 
second part shall thereupon pay to the said party of the first part the sum fixed 
by said umpire. 

And the said party of the first part further covenants and agrees to and 
with the said party of the second part, that whenever any materials by them pro- 
vided for said court house shall have been estimated, and they shall have received 
the payment based upon such estimate, that then the materials so estimated shall 
be considered and shall be the absolute property of the said party of the second 
part, subject however to be used in and about the building of said court house by 
the said party of the first part. It is 'further mutually understood and agreed 
by and between the parties aforesaid that if the said party of the second part 
shall deem it expedient to make any change or alteration in the plans or specifi- 
cations that then such change or alteration shall be made in such building and if 
such change or alteration increases the expense of said court house, that then the 
said party of the second part shall pay the said party of the first part (in addition 
to the gross sum above mentioned) a reasonable compensation, proportioned to 
such increased expense, and on the other hand, if any such change or changes 
shall diminish the expense of said building, that then the said parties of the first 
part shall make a reasonable deduction from said gross sum, proportioned to 
such diminished expense. In witness of which said several premises the said 
parties have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and year 
first above written. 

Witness, S. H. LITTLE. :;..;;:-- ./ :;v'' -I 

...,-. (Signed) ALVAH WHEELER, (SE.^L) . 

,:. ' ZELOTES COOLEY. (SEAL) 

' Messrs. Wheeler and Cooley entered into bond in the penal sum of $28,000 
with the county commissioners with Moses Stevens, Sidney H. Little, Wesley 
Williams, David W. Matthews, Thos. L. Barnes and Jesse B. Winn of Hancock 
county, state of Illinois as sureties and John G. Sanborn. Parnach Owen, Her- 
man Knox, Enos Pomeroy, Robert L. Hannaman, Geo. A. Charles and George 



'':; f ;; V HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : ; 68 

Newman of the county of Knox and state of Illinois also as sureties. The county 
commissioners at this time were Joseph Rowe, James Ferguson and Eldert 
Runkle. This court house was completed in good shape by the contractors but it 
is a little interesting to know that at the start they proceeded to borrow from 
Knox county the sum of $1,450 and gave a note therefor signed by nearly all 
of the men who were upon their bond as sureties. The following is a copy of 
the note. 

k 

Alvah Wheeler and Zelotes Cooley presented in court a note in words as 
follows, to-wit: "?;', . '. ^;. <::' .\ /r= . .\S'-v : 

$1,450 On or before the first day of July next, we jointly and severally 
promise to pay to Joseph Rowe, James Ferguson and Eldert Ruukle, county 
commissioners of Knox county, or to their successors in office, the sum of one 
thousand, four hundred and fifty dollars for value received. .V'. . ' ; V > x 

Dated March loth, 1838. ,.;;>;: : : ^'i ^ . ;;. ; 

,; (Signed) ALVAH WHEELER, ':\-: 1 . THOS. L. BARNES, '.;.;- 

;; ZELOTES COOLEY, >' . J- B. WINN, ' v^>:/ 

\.;;{.;^::;;;- MOSES STEVENS, -:; ;. ^ i JOHN G. SANBORN, .' . :,;::' 

:/..' ';-!,. ^.;';;.S. H. LITTLE, '::.';'''''.':..--''''! PARNACH OWEN, ;-:\. . :.'\^' 'f-\:/'>'' "'!? 

:';':'':"'.':/ "^'' WESLEY WILLIAMS, :;';>;;.; HERMAN KNOX, ':;..;.''-: r.'-\^'-;.'^;5,;X;-:; 

0:> D.W.MATTHEWS, GEORGE A. CHARLES. r ;! ,.; ^^i 

' ' ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Alvah ;.: ;^. ? 

Wheeler and Zelotes Cooley for the sum of one thousand, four hundred and fifty -v Vv.' , 

dollars, on above note. ^^ 'r.? '.:;'' 

This contract for the new court house placed the county where it had to raise :V ' .;' 'x' 
money to meet the payments on the same. Accordingly on the same day in which ; V; v. . .; 
the contract was entered into, the county commissioners entered the following vvv.;.. V 
order for the collection of a part of the money which had been loaned out from :.;;:' '.v'^ 
time to time. i ; . ; 

ORDERED : That the treasurer notify all persons (owing money due the county) .. ';. 
to pay to said treasurer the twenty-four percentum, as ordered by the commis- A '.;'. 
sioners court at March term and interest, and that he notify Lester J. Gillett, Geo. , ./; .,^''.; 
Losey and Gilbert Buckingham, to pay in (as required above) and to renew their .. ..: * ' .; 
bonds with approved securities. "^^ '. : j; 

And that the treasurer is hereby authorized to put in suit all notes, that are \;'. ' 
not paid as above specified and to employ an attorney for that purpose. - ' ?' : 

The court house plans as originally drawn did not provide for a cupola. It ' ':' ' ' r. 
.was afterwards concluded that it better have one for then as now a court house .'-' :.4 .> 
without a cupola or a dome did not seem quite in keeping with the architecture -V?-';:-' 
of public buildings. Accordingly at the January special term 1839 the following .: .' 
order was entered pursuant to the agreement with the contractors. Wheeler and ,.'-:?> - 
Cooley. ..'.- 

ORDERED: That the plan and specifications for a cupola on the court house, -"' .> 
be filed, plan marked letter A., specifications marked B., and the same be con- "'; ;' 
sidered a contract in accordance with said plan and specifications, and is made "^ ^ 
a part of the original contract, for building the court house, with \Vheeler and i; > 
Cooley. The consideration for building said cupola as per specifications to be :: . . - 
seven hundred and twenty-five dollars. '"' 

A further change was made in the plans and specifications of the building 



64 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY \ 

at that time which it is doubtful would be made at the present time considering 
that the brick then burned were so soft and porous. This order is also given: 
ORDERED: That Wheeler and Cooley be and they are hereby requested to 
alter so much of the court-house contract as requires the furrowing and lathing 
of the inside walls of the house, and the same be plastered on the brick work, 
the difference of expense to be deducted from original contract. 
. By the March term of the county commissioners court 1839 the court house 
was sufficiently advanced to consider the question of painting the exterior of 
the building. The following order will show the color agreed upon. Some of 
our older citizens may remember the first color given the building, which was 

yellow. .' /''^': .-'":!-:. 'A'. . '/"'^ :'' 

ORDERED: That Wheeler and Cooley be and they are hereby authorized to 
paint the outside of the court house cream color, the difference of expense of 
paint to be allowed on their contract. 

. Again in the June term 1839 the county commissioners decided to add to 
the plans and specifications with which the contract was originally made. This 
addition is fully described in the following order: 

ORDERED : That Wheeler and Cooley are to be allowed four hundred dollars 
for putting on the court house Venetian blinds for all the windows, except the 
lower side lights to be finished complete, in proportion to the rest of the build- 
ing. Also sixty dollars for deafening the court room fioor and the stairs, also 
fi'fteen dollars for putting in folding doors between the two first offices on the 
west side, the whole to be finished in a good and substantial manner. An al- 
lowance has been made in the above contract for not putting in the two doors 
in the two north offices as specified in the original contract. 

Also at the same term of court it was decided to put a lightning rod upon 
the building: 

ORDERED : That John Eads be and is hereby authorized to furnish a light- 
ning rod for the court house, out of ^ of an inch iron, at 19 cents per pound, 
the silver plating of the points to be allowed for at cost. 

At the December term 1839 of the county commissioners court of Knox 
county on the 4th day of December a final settlement was had with Wheeler and 
Cooley for the construction of the court house and the following orders were 
entered : 

ORDERED: That at the settlement with Wheeler and Cooley for building the 
court house in Knoxville, the sum of one thousand three hundred and two dol- 
lars is due to Zelotes Cooley on the same and that he be allowed interest on the 
same at the rate of twelve per centum per annum. 

ORDERED: That at the settlement with Wheeler and Cooley for building the 
court house in Knoxville the sum of one thousand, three hundred and two dol- 
lars is due to Alvah Wheeler and that he be allowed interest on the same at 
the rate of twelve per centum per annum. 

At the March term 1840 further action was taken in regard to the court house. 
A table for the bar in the court room to be covered was ordered at a cost of 
$12 without the cover. At the same term it was deemed advisable to get some 
income from the court house and the following orders were entered: 

ORDERED: That the clerk of the court rent the two upper jury rooms at 
one dollar and twenty five cents per month each subject to the use of the jurors 



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64 ,:'.:-:::': HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

at that time which it is doubtful would be made at the present time considering 
that the brick then burned were so soft and porous. This order is also given: 

ORDERED: That Wheeler and Cooley be and they are hereby requested to 
alter so much of the court-house contract as requires the furrowing and lathing 
of the inside walls of the house, and the same be plastered on the brick work, 
the difference of expense to be deducted from original contract. ) 

By the March term of the county commissioners court 1839 the court house 
was sufficiently advanced to consider the question of painting the exterior of 
the building. The following order will show the color agreed upon. Some of 
our older citizens may remember the first color given the building, which was 
yellow. 

ORDERED: That Wheeler and Cooley be and they are hereby authorized to 
paint the outside of the court house cream color, the difference of expense of 
paint to be allowed on their contract. ' I 

Again in the June term 1839 the county commissioners decided to add to 
the plans and specifications with which the contract was originally made. This 
addition is fully described in the following order: 

ORDERED : That Wheeler and Cooley are to be allowed four hundred dollars 
for putting on the court house Venetian blinds for all the windows, except the 
lower side lights to be finished complete, in proportion to the rest of the build- 
ing. Also sixty dollars for deafening the court room floor and the stairs, also 
fifteen dollars for putting in folding doors between the two first offices on the 
west side, the whole to be finished in a good and substantial manner. An al- 
lowance has been made in the above contract for not putting in the two doors 
in the two north offices as specified in the original contract. 

Also at the same term of court it was decided to put a lightning rod upon 
the building: 

ORDERED: That John Eads be and is hereby authorized to furnish a light- 
ning rod for the court house, out of -% of an inch iron, at 19 cents per pound, 
the silver plating of the points to be allowed for at cost. 

At the December term 1839 of the county commissioners court of Knox 
county on the 4th day of December a final settlement was had with Wheeler and 
Cooley for the construction of the court house and the following orders were 
entered : 

ORDERED: That at the settlement with Wheeler and Cooley for building the 
court house in Knoxville, the sum of one thousand three hundred and two dol- 
lars is due to Zelotes Cooley on the same and that he be allowed interest on the 
same at the rate of twelve per centum per annum. 

ORDERED: That at the settlement with Wheeler and Cooley for building the 
court house in Knoxville the sum of one thousand, three hundred and two dol- 
lars is due to Alvah Wheeler and that he be allowed interest on the same at 
the rate of twelve per centum per annum. 

At the March term 1840 further action was taken in regard to the court house. 
A table for the bar in the court room to be covered was ordered at a cost of 
$12 without the cover. At the same term it was deemed advisable to get some 
income from the court house and the following orders were entered: 

ORDERED: That the clerk of the court rent the two upper jury rooms at 
one dollar and twenty five cents per month each subject to the use of the jurors 



00 5- 



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:^V ;;.,::. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ : 65 

and the lower north west corner room at two dollars and eight and a half cents, 
and if the lessees will put in good cylinder coal stoves, they can relinquish the 
same to the county at cost in rent if any one wishes to rent the same for office, etc. 
ORDERED: That the north east room in court house, lower floor, be rented 
to Walker L. Bean for twenty-five dollars, and a lease given for the same. 

ORDERED: That the middle room in court house lower floor east side be 
' rented to Julius Manning for forty dollars and lease given for the same. 

ORDERED: That the middle room in the court house lower floor west side 
be rented to C. K. Harvey and John Jackson for twenty five dollars subject for 
the use of the commissioners court for court purposes. 

"^ On the 7th day of March of the same year it was decided to sell the old 
court house independent of the lot. / i'-s:- '. 

ORDERED : That the clerk put up notices to sell the old court house without 
the lot, to be sold to the highest bidder on the ist day of April, and also the 
letting of a fence round the court house to be let at the same time, specifications 
for fence and terms for the sale of the court house will be made known at day 
; . of sale. 

Upon the first day of April 1840 the sale of the court house was entered of 
:.;. record a's follows: 

.,' . The old court house is hereby sold to Alvah Wheeler for the sum of eighty 
;. nine dollars and fifty cents, for which a note is filed, said Wheeler is to have 
. -, two years use of the lots it now stands on. 

An entry is made in the June term 1840 of settlement in part with Wheeler 

;Vv and Cooley for the construction of the court house as follows: 

. - '. ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Alvah 

' :' ' Wheeler for four hundred and fifty three dollars and eighty five cents in full of 

:,^ settlement as specified on the record of this court at December term 1839. 

' ORDERED : That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Wheeler 

and Cooley for two hundred and thirty seven dollars and fifty cents for con- 

/ tract for blinds, etc. ; ' . i v 

V-. At the December term 1840 the county commissioners made final settlement 

" with Zelotes Cooley for his share of the contract for construction of the new 

court house as appears from the following entry upon our record. 
;.:;vv ; -: Zelotes Cooley stated an account due him from county of Knox as follows: 

;,;;:;.. Dec. 4, 1839 Amt. as per order Dec. term of this court $1,302.00 

., ' - Mch. 7, 1840 Interest on same 12% 40.36 



';-:V"-^ :^ ':--\.^^ ; - :. ' ..:: v;:^ ;;"/-- ':'. / >''::^,'. / -^' ^'-'-^.^- 1,342.36 

/y Mch. 7, 1840 Amt. paid March term 1840 900.00 

v-'v;:?-.- -r-- . '"'' " .:.'- ''-'--. ^'-- :':-'-^: :'. -' , :"'/'..'( Z :''.'''' A:. "V , . - 

^,. - ... . 442-36 

: } Dec. lo, 1840 9 3/30 months interest at 12% 40.25 



$482.61 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasury in favor of Zelotes 
Cooley for four hundred and eighty two dollars and sixty one cents for account 
as above stated. '^ A :'';:-.':' - ' ' -V V 

It is interesting to note the care with which every proposition to expend 



TtLl- 



et^ :Vi^5c/ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNT Y . //;-.^"> v^.: 

money was formerly considered by the board of supervisors and if a little care 
be taken to examine the ayes and nays it will be found that the division in the 
^ board was shown in a singular uniformity. 

At the January meeting, 1858, supervisor Charles offered the following reso- 
lution for making certain changes in the court house. '.-';:.;'.' .1 V 

Resolved, that the board deem it expedient to repair and enlarge the court 
room, by taking out all partition walls in the upper story, and make it one room, 
and that we appoint an agent to contract and superintend the work and have 
it done as soon as convenient and render an account to this board. 
. Resolved, That the chair appoint a committee of three to take into considera- 
tion the property or expediency of enlarging, improving or repairing the court 
house; to take into consideration the different ways of making such alteration 
or improvement, with the probable expense of such different alterations, and to 
report to next meeting of this board. ; . ' -^ /' ; ' ;-'^V' .;/]:' 

Supervisor Miles read report of committee appointed at last meeting of the 
board to make estimates of the expense of alterations and repairs to the court 
house and present plans for such alterations, when on motion of supervisor 
Charles the report was received and the committee discharged. . -' I " -' 

Supervisor Charles brought up the matter of enlargement of the court room 
and repairs to court house, when supervisor Martin offered the following reso- 
lution : 

Resolved, That it is inexpedient to make any repairs to the court house at 
present. Which was discussed at length when Supervisor Charles offered a reso- 
lution to postpone action on said motion until tomorrow morning carried. 

Supervisor Charles offered the following substitute, for resolution of Super- 
visor Martin in relation to improvement of the court house. 

: Resolved, That this board appoint Z. Cooley to have the court room enlarged 

. and repaired according to plans presented to this board, by the committee ap- 
; pointed at previous meeting and in such manner as not to cost over five hundred 
dollars, and present bill at next meeting of the board. 

The yeas and nays being demanded, resulted. Yeas, Messrs. Routh, Charles, 
LeBaron, Godfrey, Miles, McCornack, Stuckey, Knable, Jarnagin, Shinn and 
Tucker, ii. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Kelly, Gale, Brown, Titus, Martin, Holyoke 
and Gibbs, 8. Resolution substituted. 

Supervisor Brown offered the following resolution as a substitute for that of 
supervisor Charles : . :. , ';:^-:- . :-; I 

Resolved, That it is inexpedient to make the repairs on the court house con- 
templated in the report of the committee on that subject. 

The yeas and nays being called for, the vote resulted Yeas, Messrs. Kelly, 
Gale, Brown, Martin, Holyoke and Gibbs, 6. Nays, Messrs. Routh, Charles, 
LeBaron, Godfrey, Miles, McCornack, Stuckey, Knable, Shinn, Tucker, Jarna- 
gin, II, so the substitute was lost. 

Supervisor Gale then offered the following substitute for Supervisor Charles' 
substitute : 

Resolved, That the subject of repairs and alterations be referred to a com- 
mittee to report in full at the next meeting, full specifications and estimates of 
' the cost of repairs and alterations according to the plan presented by the com- 
. mittee of the last meeting. 



f; ;-;.:>; "; ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; :f ' ^ '. -^ 

Yeas and nays were demanded on adoption of substitute, resulting as follows : 
Yeas, .Messrs. Meek, Kelly, Gale, Brown, Titus, Martin, LeBaron and Gibbs 8. 
Nays, Messrs. Routh. Charles, Holyoke, Godfrey, Miles, McCornack, Stuckey, 
Knable, Shinn, Tucker and Jarnagin ii. So the substitute was lost. 

Supervisor Miles then offered the following resolution as a substitute for 
the resolution of supervisor Charles, which substitute was accepted by super- 
visor Charles, as follows, to-wit: 

Resolved, That Z. Cooley be appointed to have the court room enlarged and 
repaired according to the plan presented to this board by the committee appointed 
by a former board. Provided the same can be done in a good and workmanlike 
manner, according to said plan, and Provided, said repairs and alterations can 
be done at a cost to the county, not exceeding four hundred and fifty dollars; 
and if the said Cooley cannot contract for or do the work and have the same 
completed for that sum, he is not to commence the job. 

The previous question being demanded, and the yeas and nays called, the 
resolution was adopted. 

Yeas, Messrs. Routh, Charles, LeBaron, Godfrey, Miles, McCornack, Stuckey, 
Knable, .Shinn, Tucker and Jarnagin ii. Nays, .Messrs. Meek, Kelly, Gale, 
Brown, Titus, Martin, Holyoke and Gibbs 8. 

These repairs were made by Mr. Cooley and he was paid $265.77 ^t the 
September meeting, 1858, which covered all cost except painting, papering and 
: whitewashing. V - -" V'.vv^;--.y--::r .;-.:;'';">: '"-.'I 

September 1866. The committee appointed at the April meeting of the 
board to complete repairs and paint halls of court house and offices, made the 
following report. 
To the Board of Supervisors: . ;'"'-...;"> ^r :-:-...; :^.r --;>.- 

Your committee appointed at the April meeting 1866, to complete repairs 
and painting of the court house halls, sheriff's and jury rooms, would report, 
That they engaged one Kellar to do the work, that after cleaning the work and 
puttying up, no painting having been done for some 28 years, and the wood work 
very much out of repair; they found the work of Mr. Kellar not such as they 
could approve; and therefore procured other and competent painters, engaging 
Mr. Ball of Galesburg, to do a job similar to that done in the court room, at 
the rate of $3.50 per day, which was the lowest we could obtain a competent 
^::' hand for. '':' ^/.^'''''..^-^/O -iv;"^ '"'::.'' . ; ' : ,-.f/ ./>V : 

We would therefore recommend the allowance of the following bills, con- 
/v-nected with the repairs and painting, amounting to $404.85. 

This seems to be the last expenditure ever made on the Knoxville court house 
by the county. An election for the removal of the county seat to Galesburg was 
: ; held eleven years later which resulted in removal to that place in February, 1873. 

The city of Galesburg was obligated to furnish fire proof county offices, 
court and jury rooms for ten years after removal so nothing appears on record 
in regard to court house matters until about the time this ten-year period had 
expired. There we find the following at the ' ~'j ;'. ' 

April meeting, 1878. Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted : 

Resolved, That the judiciary committee be directed to inquire and report at 
the next meeting of the board, whether any measures must be taken during the 



96 ;:^;y; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY / //':;;. 

current year to secure adequate provisions for court and jury rooms for the 
use of the county, and to make to the board such recommendations as the case 
seems to require. 

July meeting, 1878. Mr. Temple, from committee on judiciary and clerk's 
offices, to whom was referred the resolution of Mr. Gale adopted at the last 
April meeting of the board in regard to court house, presented the following 
report: , ; . ... .^;>..v ;, . i 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee would respectfully report in regard to the resolution of Mr. 
Gale, at the April meeting, under which the committee were instructed to inquire 
into the necessity of taking action during the coming year, towards securing 
rooms for circuit court, that the committee met at the county clerk's office and 
examined papers on file relating to the removal of the county seat; and while 
it may be an open question as to the expiration of the term of ten years for which 
the city of Galesburg is bound to furnish buildings for court house purposes, 
the committee conferred with owners of the present rooms occupied for such 
purposes, and other proprietors of rooms in the city, and received offers as 
follows : 

From the proprietors of the opera house, they received an offer of the use 
of the present court room at $i,ooo per year. From !Mr. John Johnston, pro- 
prietor of Caledonia Hall, received an offer of his rooms at $400 per year, the 
county to be at the expense of any changes required for heating, ventilating, etc. 
And would respectfully leave it to the board to judge from these offers whether 
any immediate action is necessary. 

On motion of Mr. Hale, the report was accepted, and Mr. Sellon offered the 
following resolution, which was adopted: 

Whereas, It seems to be an open question as to when the lease of the opera 
house for county purposes expires under the contract ; therefore ; .' ; . j 

Resolved, That the judiciary committee be directed to examine the papers and 
investigate the matter, and that said committee report to the board at the Sep- 
tember meeting, 1878. 

September meeting, 1878. The following is taken from the report of Mr. 
Temple, from committee on judiciary and clerk's offices : 

Your committee would further report, that in relation to the resolution of 
Mr. Sellon, referring the subject of providing court rooms, etc., for the circut 
court, that they have met and discussed the question, and would recommend that 
in view of the uncertainty and difference of opinion, as to the obligation of the 
city of Galesburg to furnish buildings beyond the coming spring, a contract 
be executed between the board and the proprietors of the rooms at present occu- 
pied, provided the rooms be furnished on the same terms as at present, said 
contract to take effect from and after the expiration of the time for which the 
city of Galesburg is bound to furnish the same. 

The committee have decided to present to the board the contract and other 
papers bearing upon the subject, believing that the information desired can be 
better supplied by the reading of these documents, than by an expression of 



-V V : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : ; \ 69 

opinion by the committee on a matter which is at best a doubtful question of 
V. law and equity. ','.' '.;;;..:- ' ^ ,. ; ', ';'"^ '^'. :^'^' ,-:-,\;C"'\?;-'\r .--;:"';' 

.'? " r / . ' , ;'^ ' '' Respectfully submitted, .V 

:'''\-''^''-'-''-'^''^-.''----^ .-....-. : ,.-^ J- W. TEMPLE, /v,; 

C.;;:; -'V./ ' ' " :^ '/ '; ^/ '-.-''';- '::;v;^;:v^-^'..^:^5/^ L. W. BENSON, '"'; 
^"[''. .''''' ' '" - :- ''v\:>^v-;'- '-'';-;.' /.'':'^-vs';/''- W. SELDEN GALE, 

''-'.:^';^y':'^. -',.;,'''.; .' ..':./--.'/; -I- ;"'-;. v' '^-^ - r '^C'.f - :"^ '- TnOS. McKEE. -'-.-:;/; 

On motion th^ report of the committee was accepted and adopted (except as 
to report in relation to rooms for circuit court), and orders directed to issue in 
accordance with recommendations of committee. 

Mr. Gale made a statement in regard to present contract and obligations on 
the part of the city, leasing rooms, now occupied for court purposes, and offered 
the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the chairman and clerk of this board be authorized to con- 
tract with the owners of the opera house in Galesburg, for use of court rooms 
at the rates now paid by the city of Galesburg and with like conditions, for a 
term to .commence at the end of the term of lease to the city, and to terminate 
on six months' notice. 

' ' Mr. Sellon, wishing to offer a minority report, Mr. Gale withdrew his reso- 
lutions, when Mr. Sellon made the following minority report: ' : 
Mr. Chairman and Members of the Board: 

Your committee appointed for the purpose of investigating the papers and 
facts as to the extent of the lease of court rooms and offices, having carefully 
examined all the papers bearing upon the lease of the opera house for county 
purposes, including the lease and stipulations, find the following indisputable 
facts to exist : 

First. The city of Galesburg is bound by stipulations to furnish, free of cost 
to the county, suitable rooms for county and court purposes for a term of years 
not to exceed ten. ^. ' -v- ^ i:^^.- ::^ :- 

Second. A lease was obtained by the city from Messrs. Bfechwald & Co. 
for the use of the opera house for court and county purposes, during the term 
as specified in the above named stipulations, viz., ten years. 

Third. Said lease dated from January 29, 1873, and the county has occu- 
pied said opera house for said purpose from that date to the present. 

In view of these facts a minority, and perhaps a majority of your commit- 
tee, are of the opinion that the obligation of the city to the county is not can- 
celled, and will not be under the contract until January, 1883, and we would 
respectfully recommend that this board be governed in their action by the facts 
in the case. 

We would further state, that we have had no official communication with 
the city authorities as to the terms of termination of said lease, and we have 
reason to believe that the city will, in good faith, fulfill her obligations to the 
county in this regard. 

Therefore, we advise to let the whole matter rest where it is, and respect- 
fully ask the acceptance and adoption of this report as a substitute for the 
majority report, ."''yy.v, :;;. ',., :, - -.fc;;.-;' '/:, ^ ; ..;.,;:->::;'-'>.'/, ^.'^~'^ '>::''-- ,' ''-^' ': 

All of which is respectfully submitted. '/:'!.:'' 
. . /'v'r.rX EDWARD SELLON. 



-'-' - .- ' ' j '.'**' ' * '' '.''-','' ' ''"' . ' ' ' ' " . '"' 

'\ : -.',' ' ''i'-f:' ' - ; - - _, 

: TO /^^SV HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;';:- ^ ; ; : : 1 ; , 

; Mr. Gale moved that the report of the minority of the committee be ac- 

cepted and adopted. Carried. ^^ -^ 

Mr. Gale then renewed the resolution for the adoption of his resolution last 
before offered, and the resolution of Mr. Gale was also adopted. 
; January meeting, 1879. The clerk presented report of special committee, 
.' appointed at last meeting of the board, in relation to renting opera house for 
court purposes; which report -was referred to committee on judiciary and clerks' 
offices. 

April meeting, 1879. Mr. Gale (W. S.) presented the following report of 
the city council of the city of Galesburg, in regard to furnishing court and jury 
rooms for the county: 
To His Honor the Mayor and City Council: 

In regard to the matter of furnishing to the county court and jury rooms, 
your committee beg leave to report: 

By special statute, authority was given the city to contract with commis- 
sioners appointed by the county board, upon certain terms and conditions. Un- 
der that authority, the city, in March, 1869, contracted with the commissioners 
to furnish a site for a court house, a site for a jail, a lot for clerks' offices, and to 
. erect on such lot a suitable building; to pay to the county $20,000, to be applied 
in the erection of a jail, and to furnish the county with suitable court and jury 
- rooms until a court house should be erected, but not to exceed a period of ten 
years. The contract to be void in case the majority of votes cast at the county 
seat election in April, 1869, should be against removal to Galesburg; else in full 
force. 

At such April election a majority of the votes cast were for removal; and 
the city did fully perform every condition except the last named, and did tender 
to the circuit court at its first term held thereafter, suitable rooms. 

The expense to the city of the performance of this contract was about 
, $40,000, all of which was paid immediately after the said election. .;.,-. I 
; But the advantage expected to result from this expenditure was not realized 
for four years thereafter, owing to the fact that the canvassing board declared 
the result otherwise than in favor of removal ; and until the action of the board 
was pronounced erroneous in the circuit court, and the decision of the supreme 
court affirming such decision in the circuit court was published, the county of- 
ficers refused to recognize Galesburg as the county seat. 

During all this time the city of Galesburg was paying interest on its public 
debt, $40,000 larger than it would have been but for the expenditure above re- 

ferred to, without receiving any benefit therefrom. The city was ready, willing 

- and anxious to secure the expected advantage at the further cost of providing 
court and jury rooms. In February, 1873, the county offices were removed to 

Galesburg, and since that time the city has provided court and jury rooms. 
:. ' Next month, ten years will have expired since the contract spoken of be- 
came in force, and since the city has, so far as it was permitted to, performed 
its part of the contract; and since that time there has been no default on the part 
of the city. 

If the city has, during that time, in point of fact, supplied court and jury 

rooms for only six years, it has been because the county, to the great prejudice 

. of the city, refused to occupy such rooms. . . . .. , , .1 , 



-::\-v^:; ;,^-;;; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .v 7i 

Your committee are of opinion ''-'.- -; :'j ':-.. - . . . 

First, That the city has fully performed its contract, and is not liable to the 
county to furnish rooms for any greater length of time. - 

Second, That the power of the city to contract, depending entirely upon the 
special statute, is exhausted and no new contract can be made. 

Your committee have no means of knowing the views that will prevail in 
the county board, and are of the opinion that if possible all collision with the 
county board likely to result in expense or inconvenience to the public should 
be carefully avoided, and recommend, 

That the finance committee be authorized and directed to communicate with 
the county board; to inform the board that the opinion of the council is that the 
city is not under obligation to further furnish court and jury rooms; and in 
case the county board shall not concur in such opinion the finance committee be 
authorized to arrange with the county board for a speedy reference to the 
courts of the questions in dispute. i ^^ ' ^: ' " . ' " 

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true transcript of a report of the 
finance- committee, adopted by the city council of the city of Galesburg at a 
meeting held on March 8, 1879. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto subscribed my name, and affixed the 
official seal of said city, this eleventh day of April, 1879. . : .;;.: 

(SEAL) W. A. RYAN, City Clerk. - 

Upon the reading of such report, Mr. Gale offered the following resolutions, 
which were adopted: 

Resolved, That a committee, to consist of Messrs. Aldrich, Benson, Corey, 
Robson and Harden be appointed to confer with committee of the city council 
of Galesburg, and arrange for a prompt reference of the question named in the 
communication of the city council to the courts. 

Resolved, That the judiciary committee be authorized, if necessary, to make 
temporary arrangements for court and jury rooms until the next meeting of 
this board. 

April meeting, 1879. Mr. Aldrich offered the following resolution, which 
was adopted: .r 

Resolved, That the committee to whom was referred the question concern-.' 
ing court and jury rooms, be authorized to employ counsel to assist the state's 
attorney, if in their judgment they deem it necessary. 

April meeting, 1880. Mr. Robson, from special committee in regard to the 
suit between the city of Galesburg and the county, involving the rent of court 
and jury rooms, presented the following report: ,';:.; '?.,= rv..;:.. - ' 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee to whom was referred the communication of the mayor 
and city council of Galesburg, in regard to the matter of furnishing to the 
county, court and jury rooms, beg leave to report that they have employed J. J. .- 
Tunnicliff, state's attorney, and P. H. Sanford, Esq., as attorneys for the county 
In said matter, and that they have got an agreed case with Mr. Leach, the city 
attorney for Galesburg, and that they have agreed to submit said case as agreed 
to Judge Pleasants for his opinion. ^-'^ - ' 

:-:.>,'.-.;.:' v--f^ ",:;.';;>..>;-. D. W. ALDRICH, Chairman. / 



72 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . .| , 

.V ' . '.:.- : ', \ . '' '.'' 

On tnutiun of Mr. Gale the report of the committee was accei>ted, and the 
committee, so far as the same are still members of this 1x>ard, be continued. 

January meeting, 1881. Mr. Gale (W. S.J, from special committee, pre- 
sented the following report: 

Your special committee to whom was referred the questions of removing 
the court room, and the future provision for court and jury rooms, Ijeg leave 
to report 

That while it is the duty of the city of Galesburg to supply the county with 
court and jury rooms for two years, it is not advisable for the county to make 
any other provision for that purpose at present, but they recommend that this 
board authorize the committee to consent to any change in location which the 
city council may desire to make, which shall be approved by the judges, and, 
in the opinion of the committee, afford increased conveniences to the people of 
, the county. ' ' '':;-;:'..;; '. ''^'\ '';-''';'>,::' ,:^'~ '';- 'l:l;^->'j :-':'.;-:-'-^ 

In reference to permanent possession, they have to say that the present 
scattered accommodations for court rooms and offices have nothing but economy 
to recommend them. That they are, and always will be, in many ways un- 
satisfactory, that they have already become in some respects quite insufficient, 
and are gradually becoming more so, and they should at some time give way to 
suitable and permanent provision in building specially adapted to the purpose, 
and owned by the county. 

That the present time is in some respects a favorable one for building by the 
county. .-.^ > V..:.;^ :'.'. "v /-"''J '''.'''i:/.^it''- ;/'- \^^->v-v|- ';;'''-^ 

The cost of labor and materials is much less than it has been, the county 
is fairly prosperous, owes no corporate debt, and is in good credit, the rate of 
taxation for county purposes being but about one-half of what it was a few 
years ago. ; - ..' ; ' : ' ,U--v.'."';'-"-.--';./..'-; -C I -'^'' '^" 

Should it be thought best to extend the time of payment over a term of 
years, it would be easy to secure the money at a rate of interest not more than 
half of what the county has within a short time paid. 

They believe the bonds of the county can be disposed of at par. bearing a 
rate of interest not exceeding 5 per cent; that a series of bonds having from i 
to 20 years to run, can be so negotiated that an annual payment not exceeding 
8 per cent will keep down the interest and extinguish the principal within 20 
years. 

Your committee are further of the opinion that there should be no undue 
haste in the erection of buildings designed to be permanent ; that no expense, 
except for preliminary examinations, should be incurred until plans and esti- 
mates are fully matured and proved to be acceptable to the county ; that in build- 
ing once for all, great care should be taken to provide buildings creditable in their 
appearance to the taste and good sense of the people of the county, thoroughly 
substantial, constructed economically, not beyond the real wants of the county, 
but so as amply to provide sufficient and suitable room for everj' department. 

To procure the necessary information and advice, and to properly mature 
such plans, will require time and the careful attention of somebody, and, until 
such time has been taken and improved, the county will not be in a situation to 
commence building, however favorable the situation may otherwise be. 

We recommend that the subject be placed in the hands of a committee, to 





STEPHEN .V DOUGLAS .- . 





Lincoln's appearance in lSo8\ 




Lincoln a^ a law student . ' . 



72x0:,^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 

On motion of Mr. Gale the report of the committee was accepted, and the 
committee, so far as the same are still members of this board, be continued. 

January meeting, i88i. Mr. Gale (W. S.), from special committee, pre- 
sented the following report : 

Your special committee to whom was referred the questions of removing 
the court room, and the future provision for court and jury rooms, beg leave 
to report 

That while it is the duty of the city of Galesburg to supply the county with 
court and jury rooms for two years, it is not advisable for the county to make 
any other provision for that purpose at present, but they recommend that this 
board authorize the committee to consent to any change in location which the 
city council may desire to make, which shall be approved by the judges, and, 
in the opinion of the committee, afford increased conveniences to the people of 
the county. . 

In reference to permanent possession, they have to say that the present 
scattered accommodations for court rooms and offices have nothing but economy 
to recommend them. That they are, and always will be, in many ways un- 
satisfactory, that they have already become in some respects quite insufficient, 
and are gradually becoming more so, and they should at some time give way to 
suitable and permanent provision in building specially adapted to the purpose, 
and owned by the county. 

That the present time is in some respects a favorable one for building by the 
county. , . ' . 1 

The cost of labor and materials is much less than it has been, the county 
is fairly prosperous, owes no corporate debt, and is in good credit, the rate of 
taxation for county purposes being but about one-half of what it was a few 
years ago. 1 

Should it be thought best to extend the time of payment over a term of 
years, it would be easy to secure the money at a rate of interest not more than 
half of what the county has within a short time paid. 

They believe the bonds of the county can be disposed of at par. bearing a 
rate of interest not exceeding 5 per cent; that a series of bonds having from i 
to 20 years to run, can be so negotiated that an annual payment not exceeding 
8 per cent will keep down the interest and extinguish the principal within 20 
years. 

Your committee are further of the opinion that there should be no undue 
haste in the erection of buildings designed to be permanent ; that no expense, 
except for preliminary examinations, should be incurred until plans and esti- 
mates are fully matured and proved to be acceptable to the county ; that in build- 
ing once for all, great care should be taken to provide buildings creditable in their 
appearance to the taste and good sense of the people of the county, thoroughly 
substantial, constructed economically, not beyond the real wants of the county, 
but so as amply to provide sufficient and suitable room for every department. 

To procure the necessary information and advice, and to properly mature 
such plans, will require time and the careful attention of somebody, and, until 
such time has been taken and improved, the county will not be in a situation to 
commence building, however favorable the situation may otherwise be. 

We recommend that the subject be placed in the hands of a committee, to 





AUKA11.V.U ,, 



STEPIIKN A. DOUGLAS 




Lincoln's appearance in ISoS'V J^ 




'. Lincoln UN a law student 



- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - 78 

report to the next meeting of this board such progress as they may be able to 
make in procuring information, plans and estimates. 

On motion, the report of the committee was accepted. It was then moved 
to adopt the report of the committee, and the yeas and nays being called for, 
the motion was lost by the following vote: 

Yeas Messrs. Gale (G. W.), Gale (W. S.), McKee, McFarland, Robson, 
Andrews and Corey 8. 

Nays Messrs. Boydston, Kimball, Dieterich, Rankin, May, Reynolds, Simp- 
son, Woodmansee, Benson, Rebstock, Wyman, Leighton, Mathews, Tucker, 
Sansbury and Todd 16. 

April meeting, i88i. Mr. May offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted: - .V; ^^.^ ;). '^.; . : ,:^;-^;.. , 

Resolved, That a committee, consisting of Messrs. Dieterich, Mathews and 
Charles, be authorized to confer with owners of rooms in Galesburg suitable 
for court rooms, and obtain of them written proposals for rent of said rooms, 
to be furnished the county for a term of five years next ensuing after the ex- 
piration of the present lease of court rooms from the city of Galesburg to the 
county, and to report said offers of rates at the next meeting of the board in 
such shape that acceptance by the board shall close the contract for lease. 

Mr. Robson offered the following resolution: -: ^. 

X Resolved, That the chairman of the board of supervisors appoint a special 
committee of three to report at the next meeting of the board on the expense 
of building another story on the clerk's office, or building another room on the 
north side of said office for the use of the county court, treasurer's office and 
state's attorney. Lost. 

The chairman announced the following committee under resolutions of the 
board: 

On resolution in matter of fire-proof offices Messrs. Mathews, Charles and 
Wertman. 

July adjourned meeting, i88i. Mr. Deiterich, from special committee in re- 
lation to court room, reported: - . ;- i . . 

GALESBURG, August i, i88i. ; - 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee, authorized by a resolution passed by this board, to consult 
the owners of rooms in Galesburg suitable for court rooms, and obtain from 
them written proposals for rent of said rooms for county purposes, for a term 
of five years, next ensuing after the present lease for court rooms shall expire, 
and report said offers to the next meeting of the board. 

In accordance with the spirit of the resolution, we called first to see the 
owners of the opera hall building, but finding but one of them in, we could ac- 
complish nothing. Our call, however, was the means of assembling them to- 
gether subsequently for consultation. At that meeting the subject was fully 
discussed, and the conclusion reached, that as they have no competition in the 
premises, they would submit the case to the decision of the board, and in order 
that all the difficulty of obtaining a conference with all the owners of the build- 
ing might be removed, they authorized Chas. Brechwald to act as their agent in 
negotiating with the board of supervisors, and whatever agreement the parties 
may determine upon, shall be binding on their part. .; ;;:- 



74 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY > 

Upon reaching this conclusion, Mr. Brechwald, in the capacity of agent for 
all interested, submitted in writing, with his name thereto appended, the propo- 
sition thus: "\\'e will lease to the county of Knox the needed rooms for county 
purposes in the opera house building for a term of five years, or less, at the 
option of the county, at a price of rent per annum that the board of supervisors 
in its discretion may fix. The rent to cease at any time during the period stated 
should the people of the county in the meantime build a court house." 

I made three efforts to see John Johnston, Esq., owner of Caledonia Hall, 
but failed to find him, and finally I asked Mr. Greenleaf to send him to see me, 
which he did not do, but before leaving home, he wrote a letter and addressed 
it to the committee, which was sent to me, and in which he made the following 
proposition : "I will rent to the county of Knox, Caledonia Hall for a term of 
years (not less than five) at an annual rent of $500." Signed John Johnston. 

As your committee have not agreed upon any special advantages of either 
of the rooms in question, we submit that matter to the discriminating judgment 
of the board, and ask that we be discharged from any further special duty in 
the premises. 

, / G. V. DiETERICH, V 

>, : ' ' R. G. MATHEWS, 

A. G. CHARLES. 

On motion the report of the committee was accepted. 

Mr. Mathews was called upon for report of the special committee, having 
the matter of adding a second story to the fireproof offices under consideration, 
so that the board might consider both matters at the same time. j 

Mr. 'Mathews reported as follows : 

GALESBURG, Aug. ist. i88i. 
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board: 

Your committee appointed at our last April meeting to look into the feasi- 
bility and probable cost of adding a second story to the present county office build- 
ing, would, after investigation and consultation with architects report as follows: 
The probable cost would not exceed $i,8cK), and in their opinion would not im- 
pair the safety of said building. - . - ^ ^' " , : i ] ;. ; , 

, ,v.,.;.:.^:.. . . , , ' :''' '; R. G. MATHEWS/ ;'''";, 

/,.'.>'':'.'' ' . ' . , ' '.'./ A. G. CHARLES, - '/.'\ v' 

,.^^;;>;.^ '; - ' ' . ". -; ' ' . ' -. L. F. WERTMAN, ' ':;: 

, '/ .'.':;' ' /;' ' - '- ':_' -'^J.. -:''-'-.'-. Committee. -' 

On motion the report of the committee was accepted. ; . 

Mr. May moved that the proposition of Mr. Johnston for the lease of Cale- 
donia Hall, now known as the "Academy of Music" for five years from the 
expiration of the present lease of the "Opera House" be accepted. 

Mr. Gale offered the following substitute for Mr. May's motion: \ , . 

Resolred, That there be a committee of five appointed, who shall report to 
the next meeting of this board plans and estimates for the proposed enlarge- 
ment of the clerks' offices ; such improvement to be made in such manner as 
not to impair the fire proof character of the rooms; ^' ' .V I v- V.. ' 

And also to receive definite propositions from the owners of halls, and 
estimates of the necessary cost to the county of fitting up such rooms ; 

And to report upon the relative advantages of each of such rooms. 



';'::; V : :, : ''' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . ;: ; / 75 

Mr. May moved to amend the substitute of Mr. Gale by referring the resolu- 
tion to a committee consisting of the same members of the lx)ard as constituted 
the committee in relation to addition to fire-proof building and rental of half 
for court room. . '. 

After some discussion, Mr. Gale suggested the ajjpointment of 'Messrs, 
Robson, Todd, Charles, Mathews, and the chairman, as the committee under 
his substitute; which was acceptable to Mr. May, and the resolution, as so ; 
amended, was accepted by Mr. May, and adopted by the lx>ard. / . 

September meeting, i88l. The special order being the report of special .- ; 
committee on renting court rooms and building addition to clerks' offices. 
' Mr. Robson presented the following report: ;'.'."<." ;.'-:... 

Board of Supervisors September Meeting, i88i. ' : ;: 

Your special committee, to whom was referred the matter of receiving defi- ' 
nite propositions from the owners of halls suitable for court house purposes, ;- : 
and estimates of the cost of the county of fitting up such rooms and other / 
duties, would respectfully report. -. 

Th'at your committee has examined the opera house, which has been cleaned 
and improved since our last meeting and of its convenience this board is cog- 
nizant. We find we can rent said room and necessary jury rooms, for the 
sum of $940 per annum (not including treasurer's office), or at the same rate 
of rent paid by the city of Galesburg therefor. The lease to terminate at the ; 
will of the county. 

That we examined the academy of music, and are offered it by Mr. Johnston 
for the sum of $500 per annum for a term of not less than five years from the 
first day of February, 1883 ; with authority to make such alterations therein 
as may be deemed necessary. That we have estimates of the cost of such 
changes as we thought necessary to accommodate the court and find they can 
be made for about $400, and we estimate that an additional $100 %vill be needed 
for heating purposes, which would be an average rental of $600 per annum . 
for the five years. 

That we examined the commercial college room, and are offered the same. 
together with three rooms on the second fioor for jury rooms, by the owner, .'. 
Mr. Allen, for the sum of $500 per annum for the term of five years. The . '- 
cost of fitting up said rooms would be about the same as the academy of music. 

At the prices named your committee think the academy of music preferable . '; 
to the other rooms. : 

Your committee would further report, that they have had plans for the - 
second story addition to the clerks' office, together with plans for iron roof and . 
iron stairs for said building, drawn, thus providing for maintaining the fire- -,:; 
proof character of the building, and from estimates received from several / 
parties as to cost, we find the expense will be not exceeding 5,000, one estimate 
being less than $4,000. :. . 

That the estimates for said addition with tin roof and wooden stairs, covered ^ .' 
with tin roof, are from $i,ooo to $1,200 less. . . , ; 

Respectfully submitted, '' v'^- . ; 

;; WM. ROBSON, y R. G. MATHEWS, ' \f T. J. HALE, ^ v f^- >^ ; 
^' A.G.CHARLES, ^. .<."''::.'/ W. B. TODD, . -i',:^v- . ^.vV':'--"' - -^ /-:' v..-::;^''."- .; ' 
;...,-' - '..^. . ;.-:''';: -'-;, ....,., .-...'-."".';-''' '"'-^ -^':'- -; Committee. O-'' 



76 -ry';- -' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;; ^^ ' ;^ 

Your committee would further report that since preparing the foregoing, 
they have received another offer from the owners of the opera house, as 
follows: , . - , ; 

GALESBURG, Sept. 21, i88i. 

The undersigned, representing the proprietors of the opera house building, 
in the city of Galesburg, hereby offers to the county of Knox to extend the same 
occupancy and use that the county now has in said opera house building, for 
court house and court room purposes, beyond the termination of the present 
lease, for such period as the said county may wish to occupy the same for court 
house and court room purposes, for the annual rental of five hundred ($500) 
dollars. C. Brechwald. 

Which they now deem the most advantageous offer. ... 

Respectfully submitted, 
, ' . WM. RoBSON, 

, ;- , . . A. G. CHARLES, 

., . .,-_, . , , ' 

Y R- G. MATHEW.S, 

,. . -v' , . W. B. ToDD, 

; ..^; T. J. HALE, 

'''' ;^.'.-\ ' '' : ' . ': : Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Dieterich the report of the committee was received. , 
' Mr. May offered the following resolution: 

Resolved, That so much of the report relates to the improvement to be made 
on the record building, and as relates to the rental of the opera house build- 
ing for five years, be adopted; and that the same committee be continued, and 
instructed to carry out the plans and provisions of the report and close the 
contract of lease mentioned. 

Mr. Gale offered the following substitute: ' r. ' - .1 

Resolved. That the offer of the owners of the opera house be accepted, 
and that the committee be instructed to procure from said owners a contract 
for the use of the rooms now occupied by the courts for court and jury rooms, 
for a term beginning with the close of the present term of occupancy by the 
county, and terminating at the pleasure of the board. . " I . 

The yeas and nays being demanded on the substitute, resulted : 

Yeas Messrs. Boydstun, Latimer, Gale, Dieterich, McKee, Robson, Boyn- 
ton, Leighton and Fredricks 9. 

Nays .Messrs. Patch, Smith, May, McCallister. Charles, Montgomery, Sum- 
ner, Rebstock, Wyman, Wertman, Mathews, Shaffer, Sansbury and Todd 14. 
Substitute lost. 

And the question recurring on the resolution of Mr. May, on motion of Mr. 
Gale, the resolution was ordered to lie over and be made the special order for 
two o'clock tomorrow afternoon. ,', ' , ,;.:.: ^^:"'^'''.' ^- i ' 

At two o'clock the board was called to order, the special business being the 
consideration of the resolution of Mr. May. 

Mr. Dieterich called for a division of the question. Objection being made, 
the question was voted upon and the division ordered. '.- .; ' . . 

Mr. McKee was called to the chair. ;. '. ' 

Mr. Hale then obtained the fioor, and presented the following as a substitute 



: P . V^ ;; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : ; 

for that portion of the resolution of Mr. May relating to the enlargement of 
the county offices: i';':;^^^^^-/::^ :-':; ;.."::'.'-.-'-. 

Resolved, That the present committee be continued, and be instructed to 
procure necessary plans and specifications and proceed to make contracts with 
the lowest and best bidder for the enlargement of the county offices by the erec- 
tion of a second story and the necessary approaches thereto to be erected and 
completed in such manner as shall be satisfactory to said committee, and at a 
total cost not exceeding five thousand dollars. 

Mr. May accepted the substitute, and the resolution was adopted. 
''' Yeas Messrs. Latimer, Patch, Smith, May, McCallister, Charles, Mont- 
gomery, Robson, Sumner, Boynton, Rebstock, Wyman, Leighton, Fredricks, 
Wertman, Mathews, Shaffer, Sansbury, Todd and Hale 20. .,,_,. 

Nays 'Messrs. Boydstun, Gale, Dieterich, McKee and Chambers 5. 

Mr. Hale off^ered the following substitute for the second clause of resolu- 
tion of Mr. May: :'. ':^:."- V ''^^-r: '::' x"'--;;'/-'; /:.-'. V>^; (:.'".; ^ - 

Resolved, That this board accept the proposal of the proprietors of the 
opera house building, dated Sept. 2ist, and that the committee be instructed 
to close up a contract with said proprietors of the opera house building for 
the occupancy of the same for court house purposes, for a period of not ex- 
ceeding five years from the termination of present lease, '.v; ... 

Mr. May moved to amend the substitute by striking out the words "not ex- 
ceeding." Carried. 

Yeas Messrs. Patch, McKee, Smith, May, McCallister, Charles, Mont- 
gomery, Rebstock, Wyman, Wertman, Mathews, Shaffer, Sansbury and Todd 14, 

Nays Messrs. Boydstun, Latimer, Dieterich, Gale, Chambers, Robson, Sum- 
ner, Leighton, Fredericks and Hale lo. 

And the substitute as amended was adopted, by the following vote: Yeas 
Messrs. Boydstun, Patch, Dieterich, Smith, May, McCallister, Charles, Mont- 
gomery, Robson, Sumner, Rebstock, Wyman, Wertman, Mathews, Shaffer, Sans- 
bury and Todd 17. 

Nays Messrs. Latimer, Gale, McKee, Chambers, Hale, Leighton, and Fred- 
ricks 7. V' ' ?:,' 
>^ Mr. Gale offered the following resolution: .. i /:;/ :,^ ;.;;;;' .;.::.; 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this board the erection of a court house 
in Knox county should be undertaken at the proper time, with a view to com- 
pletion six years from the present time. 

That no expense should be incurred in such building except upon thoroughly 
matured plans, which will secure to the county suitable accommodations at 
reasonable expense. 

That we recommend to succeeding board the levy of an ani\ual tax of one 
mill on the dollar valuation, the fund so raised to be kept invested in govern- 
ment bonds or other suitable securities, and that at a suitable time plans should be 
procured and fully matured, such plans to be canvassed and acted on by at 
least two successive boards. 

The yeas and nays being called was adopted: . .r . .- .;' 

Yeas Messrs, Boydstun, Latimer, Patch, Gale, Dieterich, McKee, Chambers, 
Smith, May, McCallister, Robson, Sumner, Fredricks, Todd and Hale 15. 



78 :. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^^"/v:,. 

Nays Messrs. Charles, Montgomery, Rebstock, Wyman, Leighton, Wert- 
man, Mathews, ShaflFer and Sansbury 9. /.....':: | . !' ; 

December meeting, i88i. Mr. Todd, from special committee on court house 
and clerk's office reported contract made with the owners of the opera house 
for court and jury rooms at a rental of $500 per annum when .Mr. Mathews 
moved that the lease be accepted at the original proposition, and that the chair- 
man of the board be authorized to execute contract therefor. 

The yeas and nays being called for on Mr. Mathews' motion, it was adopted : 
' Yeas Messrs. Boydstun, Latimer, Patch, Chambers, Smith, Townsend, Mc- 
Callister, Charles, Montgomery, Sumner, Boynton, Rebstock, Wyman, Leighton, 
Fredricks, Wertman, Mathews, Sansbury and Todd 19. :. 1 : 

Nays -Messrs. Gale and McKee 2. 

January meeting, 1882. Mr. Robson, from special committee on county 
buildings, made the following report: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: . :' , -, . - -I , ' 

Your special committee on county buildings, etc., would respectfully report 
that all matters referred them have been attended to, and recommend that the 
clerk be directed to issue orders in payment of allowances made. 
. Your committee report that the addition to the county building has been 
accepted by them, the same being as nearly completed as the weather would 
permit ; that of the contract price therefor $4,933.00, the sum of $2,000 was paid 
by clerk's orders, we recommend that an order now issue to Frost Manufactur- 
ing Company, the contractors, for $2,900, and that the remainder of contract 
price, $33 be retained until the work is completed. 

Your committee would further report, that the following extra expenses 
were incurred in and about said improvements : 
Frost Manufacturing Company, for plumbing, gas fixtures, repairing and 

painting old shutters $52.18 

A. S. Anderson, repairing brick work of lower story and extra stone work 12.62 
Babcock & Pierpont, guttering, and conductors for building, and other 

incidental repairs for offices 46.78 

Parry & Stevens, expenses to Chicago and return, and labor on plans and : 

specifications for building iS.OO 

A. J. Perry, 5 days work on plans and specifications for addition to 

clerks' offices 20.00 

; Respectfully submitted, : .',>-- 

;':;' . : . .. WM. ROBSON, 

;'/* ' R. G. MATHEWS, 

;/ . W. B. TODD, 

; '"V;^ . . -. A. G. CHARLES, 

'::.::::-^^'^:&' . . . . .../' v\, ';".:/-.' t. J. HALE. ;:;.> 

On motion, the report of the committee was accepted, approved and its 
reconfmendations concurred in. 

The chairman, as special committee to complete contract for renting the 
opera house for court purposes, reported that duty performed, and presented 
the contract. 

On motion of Mr. .Mathews, the report was accepted and approved, and the 
clerk directed to have said contract of lease recorded. 



.v::;/: '/-:':; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .'.V i;/;. . 79 

April meeting, 1883. Mr. Gale offered the following resolution and asked 
that it be referred to the committee on judiciary and clerks' offices. 

Resolved, That the chairman of the committee on judiciary and clerk's offices 
be authorized to allow the city council of Galesburg to hold their meetings in 
the county court room on such terms as will indemnify the county for any in- 
creased expense in case of lighting or heating the room, and in no case to in- 
terfere with the use of the room for county purposes, such permission to be 
only until the further pleasure of the board, and at all times revocable. 

The resolution was so referred. .:;', ; :'- s' . 

The following is taken from a report of the committee on judiciary and 
clerks' offices: 

We recommend the passage of the resolution referred to as authorizing 
the use of the court room by the city of Galesburg. 

; September meeting, 1883. Mr. Gale moved that a tax of one mill on the 
dollar valuation be levied on all taxable property in Knox county in accordance 
with the following resolution, passed at the September meeting, i88i, of the 
board of supervisors, viz: 

Resolved, That in the judgment of this board the erection of a court house 
in Knox county should be undertaken at the proper time with a view to com-, 
pletion six years from the present time ; that no expense should be incurred in 
such building except upon thoroughly matured plans which will secure to the 
county suitable accommodations at reasonable expense; that we recommend to 
succeeding boards the levy of an annual tax of one mill on the dollar valuation, 
the fund so raised to be kept invested in government bonds or other suitable 
securities, and that at a suitable time plans should be procured and fully matured, 
such plans to be canvassed and acted on by at least two successive boards. 

The ayes and nays being called the vote stood: : :-.-;'.. 

Ayes Latimer, Paden, Gale, Boydstun, Greenleaf , Hawkinson 6. 

Nays Harden, Rankin, May, Eiker, Charles, Montgomery, Allen, Boyn- 
ton, Rebstock, Wyman, Leighton, Fredricks, Sloan, Mathews, Wilder, Sans-- 
bury, Todd 17. The motion was declared lost. ' '.::;i"''^ 

The final resolution in relation to the construction of a new court house for 
the county of Knox offered at the September meeting, 1883 by Mr. W. S. Gale, ' 
seemed a reasonable one and was offered with the full expectation that it 
would pass. The use of the opera house for court purposes was never con- 
venient, nor was it ever considered safe. At the September 1881 meeting of the 
board, a committee was instructed to procure necessary plans and specifications 
and proceed to make contracts with the lowest and best bidder for the enlarge- 
ment of the county offices by the erection of a second story and the approaches 
thereto etc., at a cost not exceeding five thousand dollars. This work was 
substantially completed by the January meeting of 1882. A committee of the 
board had canvassed the city for suitable rooms and conveniences for holding 
court for five years, which resulted in a new contract with the opera house 
people, ordered at the September meeting i88i. (It is well to remember that , 
the opera house burned in the fall of 1883.) It was not contemplated that the 
circuit court would be held in the so-called fire proof building for there were ^ 
no jury rooms. It could not be otherwise, therefore, but apparent to every 
one that a court house was much needed and must soon be built. Neverthe- 



80 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

less, the resolution was beaten by a vote of 6 to 17. The disappointment to 
the friends of the resolution was great. The difficulty was the resolution orig- 
inated with a Galesburg man whom the county feared. To the county people, 
the court house was simply an ornament to Galesburg and not many of the 

': county supervisors cared to act in opposition to that feeling. This was well 
known to the county officers and they believed that a movement for a new court 
house originating somewhere in the country would at once be popular and suc- 
ceed. Acting upon this belief two of the county officers interviewed Mr, 
Charles P. Sansbury, supervisor of Victoria township, at the close of the Janu- 

. ary meeting 1884, urging him as coming from a distant township, to head such 
a movement. Mr. Sansbury went home, called a meeting of his constituents, 
explained to them the full situation and by a unanimous vote, strong resolu- 
tions were passed endorsing the movement for a new court house, calling upon 
the board to proceed to build and authorizing Mr. Sansbury to use his in- 
fluence to aid the accomplishment of the same. This action was approved and 

! confirmed by the voters of Victoria township at the April election and he was 
re-elected to the county board and had the pleasure of aiding in the success of 
the plan to build, as shown by the following action taken at the April meeting 
1884. 

April meeting, 1884. Dr. Foote offered the following resolution, and moved 
its adoption: 

Resolved, That Messrs. Sloan, Robson and Gale be appointed a committee 
to report to the board a resolution for the appointment of a committee on public 
buildings, whose duty it shall be to take into consideration the propriety of pre- 
paring plans for the building of a court house, or to consider and report to 
the board plans for such building. ^^ : '. 

, Mr. May moved to amend by adding "and that said committee be requested 
' to report said resolution tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock." Carried. . , . ; 
And thereupon the resolution as amended was adopted. 
Thursday morning, April 17, 1884. Mr. Gale, in behalf of the committee 

^ on resolutions in regard to building committee asked leave to report at once. 

y. On motion, leave was granted. 

' He thereupon reported the following report and resolution: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 
,. Your committee, appointed to draft a resolution appointing a committee on 
buildings, beg leave to report for the consideration of the board the following 
resolution. In drafting the resolution the committee have assumed that, how- 
ever desirable it might be to proceed at an early date with the erection of a 
court house, the board cannot be prepared to take definite action until after a 
full and thorough investigation, ascertaining the wants of the county and the 
best and most satisfactory way of meeting those wants. 

They believe the board are unanimously of the opinion that no serious ex- 
pense should be incurred and no irrevocable steps be taken until all questions 
connected with building shall have been fully and freely discussed by the board 
in full session and an intelligent understanding obtained; and that building 
shall not begin until after full and complete plans are agreed by the board and 
reliable estimates of the cost obtained. 

Resolved, That there be appointed a committee on public buildings, whose 



X COLLEGE FOR LINCO 




SCENE OF THE LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DEBATE 

The fifth of the seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held at Gales- 

" , and was 
ieth anni- 



1 lie IIILII UI IIIC &CVCI1 UCUdlCa UCIWCCII ^n Ul ct Iliilll 1^III(.U1II dllu ^^ICCIICll .'A. L^UUKK^S W<aa IICIU 

burg Oct. 7, 1858, on a platform erected on the eaft side of the main building of Knox College, and was 
listened to by a great multitude of people, over a thousand of whom were still living at the fifti 



versary celebration in 1908. 



80 vV. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; : :. 

. >^ 

less, the resolution was beaten by a vote of 6 to 17. The disappointment to 
the friends of the resolution was great. The difficulty was the resolution orig- 
inated with a Galesburg man whom the county feared. To the county people, 
the court house was simply an ornament to Galesburg and not many of the 
county supervisors cared to act in opposition to that feeling. This was well 
known to the county officers and they believed that a movement for a new court 
house originating somewhere in the country would at once be popular and suc- 
ceed. Acting upon this belief two of the county officers interviewed Mr. 
Charles P. Sansbury, supervisor of X'ictoria township, at the close of the Janu- 
ary meeting 1884, urging him as coming from a distant township, to head such 
a movement. 'Mr. Sansbury w'ent home, called a meeting of his constituents, 
explained to them the full situation and by a unanimous vote, strong resolu- 
tions were passed endorsing the movement for a new court house, calling upon 
the board to proceed to build and authorizing Mr. Sansbury to use his in- 
fluence to aid the accomplishment of the same. This action was approved and 
confirmed by the voters of Mctoria township at the April election and he was 
re-elected to the county board and had the pleasure of aiding in the success of 
the plan to build, as shown by the following action taken at the April meeting 
1884. 

April meeting, 1884. Dr. Foote offered the following resolution, and moved 
its adoption : 

Rcsohed, That Messrs. Sloan, Robson and Gale be appointed a committee 
to report to the board a resolution for the appointment of a committee on public 
buildings, whose duty it shall be to take into consideration the propriety of pre- 
paring plans for the building of a court house, or to consider and report to 
the board plans for such building. 

Mr. May moved to amend by adding "and that said committee be requested 
to report said resolution tomorrow afternoon at 2 o'clock." Carried, i 

And thereupon the resolution as amended was adopted. 

Thursday morning, April 17, 1884. Mr. Gale, in behalf of the committee 
on resolutions in regard to building committee asked leave to report at once. 

On motion, leave was granted. 

He thereupon reported the following report and resolution : 
To the Honorable Board of Snpcn'isors of Knox County: 

Your committee, appointed to draft a resolution appointing a committee on 
buildings, beg leave to report for the consideration of the board the following 
resolution. In drafting the resolution the committee have assumed that, how- 
ever desirable it might be to proceed at an early date with the erection of a 
court house, the board cannot be prepared to take definite action until after a 
full and thorough investigation, ascertaining the wants of the county and the 
best and most satisfactory way of meeting those wants. 

They believe the board are unanimously of the opinion that no serious ex- 
pense should be incurred and no irrevocable steps be taken until all questions 
connected with building shall have been fully and freely discussed by the board 
in full session and an intelligent understanding obtained ; and that building 
shall not begin until after full and complete plans are agreed by the board and 
reliable estimates of the cost obtained. 

Resolved, That there be appointed a committee on public buildings, whose 



ox COLLEGE FOR LINCOLF 




SCKNE OF THE LINCOLN-DOUGLAS DKBATE 



The fifth of the seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas was held at Gales- 
burg Oct. 7. 1858. on a platform erected on the eart side of the main building of Knox College, and was 
listened to by a great multitude of people, over a thousand of whom were still living at the fiftieth anni- 
versary celebration in 1908. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY % 81 

duty it shall be to take into consideration the propriety of preparing plans for 
building a court house; to inquire into the requirements of the county for the 
proper accommodation of courts and county officers; to inquire into the cost 
and relative advantages of available materials for building; and if in the opinion 
of the committee desirable, to procure plans and estimates of a suitable building, 
which can be erected at a cost not exceeding $100,000, to ascertain what disposal 
can be advantageously made of the building now occupied by the county offices, 
by sale to the city or otherwise, leaving possession in the county until other 
accommodations can be secured; to report to the board at its next regular 
meeting, or at any meeting, which may be sooner called, whatever progress shall 
have been made. That the committee be appointed by the chair with the 
approval of the board, one member to be selected from each of the districts 
as constituted by the resolution creating the committee on equalization. 

/,.; '''-'v' ^.. v-.;;; :;'-'V;:>-'., JOHN SLOAN, ''\:.,^-'.':!.. 

' ' '' 



W. SELDEN GALE. \ .. 

-,..'<-,. 

Mr. Latimer moved the adoption of the resolution. , ; . .- 

Mr. May offered the following as a substitute: ; V 'v ;. 

Resolved, That the question whether measures should not be adopted in- 
volving expense to the county, for the purpose of beginning the erection of a 
court house in this county, is a question properly belonging to the people of 
Knox county to decide; and that a good and sufficient building can and ought 
to be erected and finished, ready for use, for a sum not greater than $100,000, 
and should by no means cost to exceed that amount. Therefore, 

Resolved, That the supervisors are hereby instructed to give the proper notice 
so that the several townships will, at the annual spring election next April, vote 
for or against the erection of a new court house building, the cost of which, 
when completed, shall not exceed $100,000. ' ; . : .''^ 

Mr. Gale objected to the substitute as not being germain to the subject 

The chairman ruled that the substitute was in order, and thereupon thd ayes 
and nays were called on the substitute with the following result. 
: Ayes 'May, Clark, Charles, Montgomery, Rebstock, Wyman, Parker, Todd 
8. 

Nays Harden, Latimer, Paden, Gale, Cooke, Olson, McKee, Foote, Rankin, 
Robson, Allen, Townsend, Boynton, Leighton, Andrews, Sloan, Sansbury 17. 
The substitute was lost. . -, i 

The ayes and nays were after a full discussion of the question called on the 
resolution of Mr. Gale and resulted as follows: 

Ayes Harden, Latimer, Paden, Gale, Cooke, Olson, McKee, Foote, Rankin,"* 
Townsend, Robson, Allen, Boynton, Leighton, Andrews, Sloan, Sansbury 17. 

Nays May, Clark, Charles, Montgomery, Rebstock, Wyman, Parker, Todd 

' 



.., 

The resolution declared adopted. 

In pursuance of the resolution adopted yesterday, the chairman announced 
the following committee on public buildings: Messrs. Sloan, Robson, Gale, 
Charles, Harden, Leighton. 

The first point now to be considered was what shall be the plan of the new 
building. Immediately after the adjournment of the board, -Mr. W. Selden Gale 



82 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

called on the writer, who was then county clerk, and the arrangement of the 
rooms thoroughly considered. It was agreed that the circuit clerk should have 
two rooms, one as clerk and one as recorder, with door between and that the 
sheriff's office should open into the office of the circuit clerk; that the county 
. clerk should have a large office and a work room and that the office of the 
county judge should be adjacent to and opening into the county clerk's office. 
The office of the treasurer and superintendent of schools were also provided for 
on the first floor. The county and circuit court rooms and state's attorneys' 
office were provided for on the second floor. The supervisors' and jury rooms 
put on the third floor. With these ideas as a starting point, Mr. Gale went 
home and the next day returned to the county clerk with the plan worked out, 
substantially as the building was erected. The committee was called together 
and approved the plan. The committee thought it advisable to employ an 
architect to come to Galesburg and develop a general design and work out the 
details under their inspection and so called a Mr. Hackney of Des Moines, Iowa 
to Galesburg, who undertook the work. This soon proved unsatisfactory. The 
committee let Mr. Hackney go and at once advertised for plans, based on the 
sketch made by Mr. Gale. This resulted in a number of designs from different 
architects, which were submitted -at the July meeting 1884, and upon which 
the following action was taken. 

July meeting, 1884. Mr. Gale stated that the building committee had given 
considerable attention to the matters referred to it, but were not ready to report; 
that there were in attendance several architects with designs for court houses, 
which the committee would like to examine, and he asked that the committee 
might be excused from the board for a time, to further consider these plans and 
other matters connected with building. . I ;:.'' 

On motion of Mr. Latimer the building committee was excused. 

1:30 P. M. The building committee asked for further time in which to 
examine plans and other matters connected with court house construction. 

On motion of Mr. May the matter was referred back to the committee with 
instructions to report to the board in two weeks. | ; .. 

Adjourned meeting July 28, 1884. Mr. Gale in behalf of the building com- 
mittee, asked that said committee be excused during the reading of the record 
and of the bills, as they had some matters to arrange before making a report. 

On motion of Mr. McKee the request was granted. {-^ X. 

Mr. May stated that the building committee at the meeting of July 14, re- 
ported that they had not agreed upon a plan for court house, and asked that 
they be authorized to select a plan and make the contracts, or that the board 
grant them more time in which to report a plan to the board, whereas the record 
simply shows that the committee asked for more time. He desired the record 
to show the facts. 

By agreement the matter was postponed until the building committee should 
be present. 

The building committee having entered, the matter of the correction of the 
record suggested by Mr. May was brought up. 

Mr. Gale having made an explanation of the matter, moved that the record 
as written by the clerk stand approved. Carried. 

Mr. Gale read the following report of the building committee: .,; 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

The building committee have received and considered the several plans sub- 
mitted to them by architects in attendance. 

Of these plans they recommend to the consideration of the board as their 
preference the plan submitted by E. E. Myers, of Detroit, the character of the 
building being fully described in the plans, sketches, estimates and statements 
herewith submitted. 

The estimated cost of the building (furniture and heating apparatus not 
included) built of brick with trimmings of cut stone and terra cotta is about 
$90,000. And in the opinion of the committee it can be built in the manner 
described for a sum within, or not much exceeding the estimate. 

The committee are of opinion that the same designs are with slight modifi- 
cation well adapted to stone construction, and may be erected in stone, the 
walls in rock-faced Gladstone stone, or Bedford stone with cut stone trimmings, 
for an additional cost of .about six thousand dollars. 

The committee are of opinion that the stone construction if stone from 
Gladstone quarries can be obtained or equally satisfactory stone can be else- 
where obtained at a reasonable cost, will give best satisfaction to the board and 
to the public. 

They recommend that the committee be authorized to employ Col. Myers 
to prepare plans and specifications of the building, substantially as described 
both in brick and stone construction, preparatory to advertising for contracts. 

The employment to be upon the condition that in case the building cannot 
be let after due advertisement to responsible parties who will promptly come 
forward and secure the performance of their contracts to the satisfaction of 
the board for the sum of one hundred thousand dollars, or such sum not ex- 
ceeding one hundred thousand dollars as the architect and committee may agree 
on, such plan shall not be accepted or paid for, except at the option of the board. 

And if the plans and specifications shall be in any way deficient or incom- 
plete, the said Myers shall be liable for all loss or damage or extra expense oc- 
casioned by such defect or omission. 

And that the committee be authorized to advertise for bids for construction. 

W. SELDEN GALE, A. G. CHARLES, 

- ::^ ;;:/;;.' >:'^ WM. ROBSON, WM. H. LEIGHTON, '/^ 

V :;S\ '.' JOHN SLOAN, M. B. HARDEN. ';,-,.. i;;^ 

Mr. Gale 'also read the following letter from the architect in regard to the 
character of the proposed building: 

GALESBURG, ILL., July 25, 1884. 
To the Hon. Board of Supervisors, Galesburg, III,: ; 

GENTLEMEN : The design I have submitted for your new court house is for 
a first-class fire-proof building, built of the best and most substantial materials 
and workmanship, the foundation to be of stone, laid in hydraulic cement mortar. 
The basement will contain all the water closets, wash basins, the steam heating 
and ventilating apparatus. The plans of each story will contain the several 
apartments for all the county offices, court rooms, etc., and to be of the several 
sizes and forms as shown upon the plans. The exterior parts of the building 
will be of pressed brick, terra cotta and cut stone for all the surfaces above 
the basement or first floor line; the basement wall above the grade line will be 



84 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . 

rock face work; all cornices, belt courses and sills will be cut stone, except 
such portions thereof as are shown to be terra cotta. The floors of all apart- 
ments in each story will be iron beams, with brick arches, to be turned between 
the beams, and concreted up solid to receive either the wood or encaustic tile 
floors. The entire frame work of the roof and tower will be wrought iron, 
and have iron arches between the beams, and concreted up solid to receive the 
slates of the roof. The entire roof will be covered with extra heavy slate; 
all gutters and valleys to be lined with the best quality and grade of tin. The 
stairs will be made of cast-iron. The galleries in the circuit court room will 
be supported on wrought iron girders concealed within the gallery fronts. The 
ceiling of this court room will be stained glass sky-light placed within a curved 
dome, which will afford a direct vertical light either in day-time, or at night, 
the light being placed over the sky-light. The outer sky-light will be made of 
heavy hammered glass. The outside door sills will be granite surfaces, patent 
axe-flnish. The steps should be by all means made of the same material, as 
it is the best that can be used for such purposes, where the material is sub- 
jected, not only to so great a wear and tear, but this material in so exposed a 
surface is decidedly the best to resist not only the uses, but also the action of 
the elements. All the interior finish of the basement will be long-leaf, best 
quality, yellow pine. All the interior finish of the first and second stories will 
be red oak. The finish of the third story will be long-leaf yellow pine, the surface 
finished in oil and varnish. The glass used in all the windows will be the best 
quality French plate-glass, full quarter inch thick. The floors of the corridors 
will be encaustic tile. The floors of all offices, court rooms and galleries will 
be long-leaf yellow pine, bedded solid on the concrete, and secured to the floor 
strips with secret nailing. All the walls will be built of brick, laid in a mortar 
composed of hydraulic lime and hydraulic cement mortar. Pressed brick should 
be laid with what is termed a steel tucked joint, using glazier's black putty 
for the tucking of the work ; all the backing of the pressed brick, will be brick 
laid in cement mortar. All interior walls to be hard burned brick laid in cement 
mortar. This building can be erected, using first class workmanship and mate- 
rials for one hundred thousand dollars, ($100,000). Should you desire to use 
in place of pressed brick for the outer walls, rock-faced stone work or scratch 
mason-work, using either Sagetown marble, Indiana stone, from Elliottsville, 
or Ohio blue sand stone, the cost of the structure will be increased about six 
thousand dollars ($6,000), making a total cost of one hundred and six thousand 
dollars. You can rely upon getting a structure of first-class character, and 
of a style of architecture and finish that will not be in any respect inferior to 
any of the first-class modern court houses erected in your state. 

The building, either built of pressed brick or stone, will be one of the hand- 
somest structures in your state, and in no wise be inferior either in style or 
finish to any of such buildings. 

Yours truly, E. E. MYERS. 

Mr. Latimer moved that the report of the committee be adopted and its 
recommendations concurred in. .- : , . - ;. i 

' , -, I 

Mr. May moved to amend that the report be accepted and the committee 
discharged. 

Amendment withdrawn. , .- : :. . , v ".^:; :>/;.;-; 



., ,; :.: j . J- >'. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : . 86 

Mr. Rebstock moved that the report be accepted, except its recommendations. 
Lost. 

On motion of -Mr. McKee, the board adjourned until tomorrow morning at 
lo o'clock. 

/ Wednesday morning July 30, 1884. Board met pursuant to adjournment. 
.- Present Hon. R. G. Mathews, chairman. 

Supervisors Harden, Latimer, Paden, Gale, Cooke, Olson, McKee, Rankin, 
May, Clark, Charles, Montgomery, Allen, Boynton, Rebstock, Wyman, Leigh- 
ton, Andrews, Sloan, Parker, Sansbury, Todd. 

; The chairman stated that the matter for consideration was the motion of Mr. 
Latimer to adopt the report of the building committee and concur in its recom- 
mendation. 

After full discussion and explanation of the matter, the motion of Mr, 
Latimer was carried. / , ' 

/; Mr. McKee offered the following resolution and moved its adoption: 

Resolved, That the present building committee be constituted a permanent 
building committee, whose duty it shall be to advertise for bids for building a 
court house, which bids, when received, are to be opened when the board is in 
session, for the consideration of the board, and to perform all other duties per- 
taining to the building of a court house. ,.> , --. 

Resolution adopted. 
; ; Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 

Resolved, That the chairman of the board be authorized to contract with the 
city of Galesburg, or its authorized agent for the sale of the county building, and 
lot occupied by clerks' offices and other uses for the sum of $10,000. The pos- 
session to be retained by the county until the completion of the new court house, 
allowing the city to make such use of the building as may not inconvenience the 
county officers. The purchase money to be paid when called for, whenever the 
contract for the completion of the court house shall be made, and $30,000 ex- 
pended in the erection. The contract to be rescinded at the option of either 
party, if no commencement shall be made of the building befbre the first day of 
January next, and that the building committee be directed not to incur any con- 
siderable expense in preparing to build until the completion of this contract. 

The bill of Mr. W. F. Hackney amounting to $420.25, for preparing plans, 
and other services for the building committee, was read and referred to the 
committee on judiciary and clerks' offices. . 

Mr. Gale requested to be excused from the committee while considering the 
bill, and moved that Mr. Latimer be substituted in his place. Carried. 

Mr. Todd read the following report of the judiciary committee on the bill of 
Mr. Hackney. ?' ' 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: . -y 

Your committee on judiciary and clerks' offices would respectfully report 
that we have examined the bill of W. F. Hackney, and accompanying papers, 
and we recommend that he be paid $120.25 in full of bill presented amounting 
to $420.25. Respectfully submitted, ; . 

., . ' /: ;v;, ..- J. W. At,LEN, J. S. LATIMER, J./V\, 

. \ ; - ; V : I ^ ^ JAMES REBSTOCK, W. B. TODD. ;';"/:L 

"^'- ':';'';';;: 'v;--t-'"'V/'U>.:-'-:.^'v- . M. D. COOKE, ,v., >~r-;;-' 



^(lav;. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY | y 

On motion of Mr. Harden, the foregoing report was adopted, and its rec- 
ommendations concurred in. 

, September meeting, 1884. Mr, Gale offered the following resolution and 
moved that it be referred to the miscellaneous committee: 

Resolved, That it is the opinion of the board of supervisors, that it is for the 
interest, comfort and convenience of the people of the county that the vicinity 
of the court house and the usually traveled route from the depot to the court 
house, and from the court house to the business portion of the city, should be 
kept free from the presence of dram shops and their disagreeable accompani- 
ments; that this board respectfully call the attention of the city council of 
Galesburg to the subject, and ask the council to consider the propriety of tak- 
ing immediate action, before vested interests opposed to such action intervene, 
to prevent the establishment of dram shops in the vicinity of the court house 
park, on Broad street between the park and the public square, and on either 
route from the depot to the court house park by way of South street or Tomp- 
kins street ; that the clerk of the board be directed to present a copy of this reso- 
lution to the city council. 

September meeting, 1884. Mr. Gale asked leave to submit the following 
report of the building committee. 
To the Honorable, the Board of Supervisors: ; 

GENTLEMEN : The committee on buildings beg leave to report that they did 
on the 1st day of August contract with E. E. Myers in accordance with the in- 
structions of the board, passed at the last meeting; that since that time Col. 
Myers has been employed in preparing plans and specifications. The committee 
have not advertised for bids for material and construction for the reason that 
the plans and specifications have not been completed. The committee are now 
advised that the plans and specifications will be completed on the I5th day of 
this month, and the committee recommend that they be directed to advertise at 
once for bids for materials and construction, such bids to be examined by the 
board on the 3d of October. ; , 

* ',; ' ^^ : ' W. SELDEN GALE, 

'*;^. ..:',' '^.y. .' -' -^ ;":;':'''''''> W. H. LEIGHTON, ;; 

'';^'".\--":^-:'''t:V '.;.: . ''..''..;''.''''.:''' JOHN SLOAN, 

'':':,''.' ''.'', '' '.:"-:,';/':' u.'; A. G. CHARLES, 

M. B. HARDEN. 

: On motion, the report was adopted and its recommendations concurred in. 
. On motion of Mr. Gale, it was ordered that when this board adjourn it 
adjourns to meet October 3d, 1884. 

Adjourned Meeting Oct. 3d, 1884. Board met pursuant to adjournment. 
Called to order by clerk. 

Present: Messrs. Harden, Latimer, Paden, Gale, Foote, Cooke, McKee, 
Olson, Rankin, May, Townsend, Robson, Allen, Wyman, Leighton, Andrews, 
Parker and Todd. . , - 

On motion of Mr. Gale, Mr. Paden was elected temporary chairman.' 
On motion of Mr. Gale, the time in which to file bids for the construction 
of a new court house was extended to one-thirty P. M. 
:^ On motion the board adjourned to one-thirty P. M. 
: One-thirty P. -M. Board called to order by chairman Mathews. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 87 

Present same as this forenoon, with Messrs. Charles, Sloan, Clark, Mont- 
gomery, Boynton, Rebstock and Sansbury. 

The clerk read a portion of the minutes of the meeting of September lOth, 
when, on motion, the reading was suspended, and, on motion, the clerk pro- 
ceeded to open bids for the construction of a court house, which were as 
follows : 

The Young & Farrell Diamond Stone Sawing Co., Brick $183,804.97 

Thomas & Hugh Caldwell, Stone 155,099.50 

'. ' ; Same, Brick 152,459.00 

Same, Brick, with Ohio Sand Stone Trimmings 148,059.00 

Parry & Stevens, Stone 133,000.00 

Same, Brick 128,000.00 

Fire Proof Construction Co., Hollow Tile Arches 4,303.20 

; Union Foundry and Pullman Car Wheel Works, Iron Work.. 26,600.00 
-. A. Wallbaum & Co., Stone Work Complete 35,600.00 

On motion of Dr. Foote the bids were referred to the building committee. 

On motion said committee were permitted to retire for the purpose of re- 
porting on said bids. 

The building committee entered and Mr. Gale read the following report: 

The committee have examined the bids referred to them, and are of opinion 
that it is not for the interest of the county to accept either of the bids. They 
recommend a further advertisement for bids to be opened on October 24th. 
;.^' i^t Vi v- V ' -V V W. S. GALE, Chairman. 

On motion the foregoing report was adopted and its recommendation con- 
curred in. 

Adjourned Sept. Meeting October 24, 1884. Board met pursuant to ad- 
journment. Present: Hon. R. G. Mathews, chairman. . ' 

Supervisors: Messrs. Harden, Latimer, Paden, Gale, Foote, Cooke, McKee, 
Olson, Rankin, May, Clark, Charles, Montgomery, Boynton, Wyman, Sloan, 
Parker, Sansbury, Todd. 

The minutes of the proceedings of October 3d were read and approved. 

A recess was taken to await the arrival of absent supervisors. 

Messrs. Robson, Allen, Leighton and Andrews having entered the board 
was called to order, and on motion, the clerk proceeded to open and read the 
bids for the construction of a new court house as follows: 
Robert C. Greenlee, in best Ohio blue stone for exterior, with Joliet . . ,../ .-- ; 
or lime stone for foundation, corrugated iron arches for ceilings, 
except for corridors and court rooms, where hollow tile will 

be used $ 1 19444 

Charles Ballance, cut-stone trimmings of Bedford, Indiana, stone. . 13,900 

Of Berea, Ohio, sand-stone delivered on cars at Galesburg 14,600 

Will cut and deliver rubbed ashler at building at 45 cts. 
per superficial foot, and will use ornamental stone in place 
of terra cotta for $5,000 extra. V 

Thos. & H. Colwell, using Sagetown marble 145,000 

Ohio blue stone, band, pier and bearing blocks 150,000 

Pressed brick and terra cotta 142,500 

Wallbaum Stone and Mining Co. dressed stone for stone building. . 21,000 



88 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY /j 

Same for brick building 16,000 

Bassett & Beaver, plumbing and gas fitting 1,200 

Peter G. Straub & Co., all stone work for a stone building, using 
-., Berea sand stone above grade line, and Joliet or Gladstone 

; , below grade 44,800 

Parry & Stevens, for brick building 120,000 

For stone building 125,000 

Will use Bedford stone trimmings and Ohio sand stone for ashler 

... work ioT 128,000 

. .7. Or, if the. county will furnish cut stone on cars at Galesburg, 

c:u all .iron, in .place. in the .building, all brick on the ground, all 
;'V. glass,, and .door and window trimmings, all tile for floors, 

and .hollow tile in place in building, will do balance for. . . . 64,000 

Dawson & Anderson, the exterior of building to be all of stone from 

Bedford, Ind,, or Ohio blue stone, fire proof arches to be cor- 

3J rugated iron except over court rooms, which will be hollow tiles, 

:?': window sash to be hung with best silver lake braided cord, for 

the sum of 114,311.52 

Sagetown or Joliet stone 1 19,000.00 

Press brick and terra cotta ; 1 1 1,000.00 

John C. Allen, press brick, stone trimmings I28,633.oa 

Stone, facings 131,000.00 

'':. .''' Will furnish and set ashler work for 50 cents each super- 
r.'... ficial foot, and use stone in place of terra cotta for $5,000 

additional. 
The Young and Farrell Diamond Stone Sawing Co., Salem, Ind., 

stone building 160,084.00 

Ohio sand stone building 161,584.00 

Brick building 154,840.00 

Green Serpentine stone 173,084.00 

On motion of Mr. Latimer, the foregoing bids were referred to the building 
committee. 

On motion, the board adjourned until half-past one o'clock. .;; 

One-thirty P.M. Board called to order by the chairman. . : ;.C:: . 
Present the same as this morning. \- 

Mr. Gale read the following report of the building committee: ' 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 
Your committee on buildings beg leave to report that they have examined the 
several bids referred to them, and they find the bid of Dawson & Anderson the 
lowest and best bid. 

This bid being, in stone construction, $114,311.52, and in brick construction, 
$111,000. '-v ;V I" ---:-- ^V:\ 

The next lowest and best bid is that of Robert C. Greenlee, $119,444 in 
stone. 

They recommend the acceptance and approval of the bid of Dawson & 
Anderson for stone construction, and that the committee be directed to con- 
clude a contract with Dawson & Anderson for the erection of the court house, 
to be completed September ist, 1886. The committee are satisfied that these 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 89 

bids are as low as the board can expect for this building, and are satisfied that 
the bidders are men of character and responsibility. They are further of the 
opinion that the building, if completed according to the plans, will be a credit 
to" the county, and they do not believe it is for the interest of the county to 
reduce either the size or character of the building. 

W. SELDEN GALE, W. H. .LEIGHTON, 

:^;-'- .ti-?-:--V:-i -;.';:. ^ WM. ROBSON, A. G. CHARLES, 

M. B. HARDEN, JOHN SLOAN. 

Moved by Dr. Foote, that the foregoing report be accepted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 

Ayes and Nays demanded by Mr. McKee. . . .'. _: 

The roll being called, resulted as follows : 

Ayes Harden, Latimer, Paden, Gale, Foote, Cooke, Olson, Charles, Robson, 
Allen, Boynton, Leighton, Andrews, Sloan, Sansbury and Todd, i6. 

Nays McKee, Rankin, May, Clark, Montgomery, Wyman and Parker, 7. 
Motion adopted. 

And thereupon, said committee entered into a contract with Dawson & 
Anderson of Toledo, Ohio, for the construction of the court house according to 
the full plans and specifications prepared by said architect, E. E. Myers, of 
Detroit, Michigan, and on file with the county clerk. ';: 

Said contractors immediately made preparations to begin the work of con- 
struction and in pursuance thereof, the ground for said building was broken 
October 26, 1884, and before building preparations were suspended on account 
of cold weather, the footings, and quite a portion of the foundation, were put in. 
:, January Meeting, 1885. Mr. Gale read the following report of the building 
committee : 
To the Hon., the Board of Supervisors of Knox County, January Meeting, 



GENTLEMEN : Your building committee beg leave to report that upon the 
day after the close of the October meeting they proceeded to locate the court 
house. That immediately after work was commenced by the contractor, and 
between that time and the second Wednesday of December the excavation for 
the building was made, the trenches for the outside walls and a portion of the 
inside walls were dug and filled with concrete and covered with footing stone. 

A considerable amouot of material for the foundation is collected upon the 
ground. Since the date last mentioned^ no work has been done, it being thought 
better for the interests of the county and the contractor to suspend operations 
till settled weather in the spring. By the terms of the contract, the contractor 
is entitled on the second Wednesday of each month to receive from the county 
payment for the work done up to that time, less lo per cent, and less amounts 
already paid. No provision was made by the board at the last meeting to meet 
such payments, unless the very general authority given to the committee might 
be considered as authorizing them to order payment. 

It appears that the contractor had expended about $2,500 prior to the second 
Wednesday of December. It was thought desirable to avoid the expense of a 



90 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY L 

special meeting of the board, and the committee took the responsibility of ad- 
vising the issuing by the clerk and payment by the treasurer of orders to the 
amount of $i,8oo to the contractors. They also procured the clerk to issue 
to the chairman of the committee an order for $14.65 to cover the incidental 
expenses incurred by the committee since its appointment. 

The committee ask the approval of the board of their action in making pay- 
tnents, and desire that some provision may be made to provide for payments 
coming due during the interval of the meetings of the board. They recommend 
the passage of a resolution that the clerk be authorized to issue to the contractor 
on court house orders for such amounts as by the terms of the contract the 
contractors are entitled to receive, upon the request of the building committee. 

They also advise that the building committee be authorized to appoint a super- 
intendent of the work. It is well understood that the work cannot be allowed to 
proceed with safety to the county except under the constant supervision of a 
capable and reliable builder. During the progress of the work already per- 
formed, the committee requested Samuel J. Parry to take temporary charge and 
it being from day to day doubtful how far the work would proceed without 
interruption by winter weather, it was for the time found necessary, the price 
named by Mr. Parry as satisfactory to him was 50 cents per hour for the time 
actually spent. ; ,. ' 

. . W. SELDEN GALE, A. G. CHARLES, 

V. WM. RoBSON, W. H. LEIGHTON, 

M. B. HARDEN, JOHN SLOAN. 

.; On motion of Mr. Latimer, the foregoing report was accepted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 

April Meeting, 1885. Mr. Gale offered the following resolution which was 
adopted and its recommendation concurred in. 

RESOLVED: That the building committee be directed to procure suitable 
plans of the heating apparatus for the new court house and advertise for bids 
for its construction, such bids to be opened and passed upon by the board at 
the July meeting. 

July Meeting, 1885. On motion of Mr. Gale, the building committee was 
authorized to make such temporary arrangement for jury and circuit rooms as 
may be necessary, and that the sheriff be directed to have the telephone now at 
the opera house, moved to the county court room. 

On motion of Mr. Gale the opening of the bids for steam heating at new 
court house was made the special order for tomorrow at ii o'clock a. m. ^ I , .. 

Mr. Gale read the following additional report of the building committee: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

The building committee desire to call the attention of the board to the neces- 
sity of the construction of a cistern for rain water at the court house, and the 
importance of undertaking it while the ground is comparatively free from water. 
They have not given the subject the consideration necessary to express an 
opinion as to the necessary capacity of the cistern, but recommend that the 



:'";. X "''^''..'j', ;'.':./ 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 91 

committee be directed to procure the construction of a cistern of such size and 
at such time as they may think best. 

W. SELDEN GALE, JOHN SLOAN, 

^ ; ; W. RoBSON, M. B. HARDEN, 

R. W. MILES, WM. H. LEIGHTON. 

On motion of Dr. Foote the foregoing report was accepted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 

The chairman called Mr. Harden to preside while he read the following 
report: .; ; ; 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

The undersigned, who, by virtue of a resolution of your honorable body at 
the July meeting, 1884, was made special committee to dispose of the county 
building to the city of Galesburg, would beg leave to oflfer the following report : 
That he conferred with the honorable mayor of the city of Galesburg, who was 
empowered by the city council to act for the city, and that the city attorney at 
our dictation drew a contract selling to the city the county's interest in said build- 
ing and lot for a consideration of $10,000, the money to become due when $30,- 
ooo was actually expended in the erection of the new court house, the county to 
retain possession until the completion of the same, the city of Galesburg to have 
such present use of said county building as would not inconvenience the county. 
Said contract was duly signed and placed on record by Mayor Stewart for the 
city of Galesburg, and by the undersigfned for Knox county, August 14, 1884. 

R. G. MATHEWS. 

On motion of Mr. Miles the foregoing report was accepted and the clerk 
directed to place the same on record. 

Mr. Gale read the following corrected report of the building committee on 
steam heating : . 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

The building committee beg leave to report the following substitute on steam 
heating: ivV 

The lowest bid is that of Samuel I. Pope & Co., of Chicago, who propose to 
furnish the entire heating and ventilating apparatus as specified for the sum of 
$8,911.27, with privilege to the county to make any additions or deductions at 
the rates named in the schedule accompanying the bid. The committee recom- 
mend the acceptance of this bid, and that the committee be authorized to con- 
tract with them on the terms of the bid, deducting from the amount above 
named one gas engine, $1,400, two fans with belting, $657.56, as per schedule, 
leaving cost $6,853.71. The omitted items are designed simply for ventilation. 
We are advised that by a very simple and cheap expedient all that is surrendered 
can be secured without that expense. Considering the fact that the building is 
both by its location and mode of construction easily ventilated and a cool build- 
ing in summer, we do not advise an outlay so great when so little necessity 

exists. - -' ;:; , " '"V^' '!'V 

;; V 7; ;. y V W. SELDEN GALE, W. H. LEIGHTON, 

^ 'j;-:V;' ; ^;;- ; V WM. ROBSON, JOHN SLOAN, ,.;-,. 

' - - R. W. MILES, M. B. HARDEN. - 

On motion of Mr. Latimer, the foregoing report was accepted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 



Q2 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; , 

Mr. Gale read report on contract for heating new court house: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

The building committee desire to report that they have, as directed by the 
board, entered into a contract with Samuel I. Pope & Co., of Chicago, to put 
in the apparatus for heating the court house, which contract they herewith 
submit as follows: - ;:' ''.,'-. 

Articles of agreement made and concluded at the city of Galesburg, in the 
county of Knox, in the state of Illinois, this, the eighteenth day of August, A. D., 
1885, by and between W. Selden Gale, Wm. H. Robson, John Sloan, Rufus W. 
Miles, Wm. H. Leighton and M. Harden, constituting the court house building 
committee, appointed by the supervisors of Knox county, Illinois, said com- .. . . 
mittee being hereinafter known as the party of the first part, and Samuel I. 
Pope & Co., of Chicago, Cook county, Illinois, second part as follows, to-wit: 

The said party of the second part do hereby agree to, and with the said party 
of the first part, or their successors in office; that they, the said party of the 
second part shall, and will execute all the work and furnish all the materials of 
every character required by the plans and specifications, to heat and ventilate 
the Knox county court house, said building situated in the city of Galesburg, 
within the county and state as first above written. Said plans and specifications 
are hereby constituted as a part and parcel of this contract as much so as if each ,^ , 
and every part thereof was at length herein set forth and fully described. ; ' ; 

The said party of the first part does hereby agree to, and will, in behalf of ;-, "' 
the board of supervisors of said county, pay or cause to be paid unto the parties v; -> 
of the second part, the sum of six thousand, eight hundred and forty-three, sev- '., 
enty-seven one-hundreths dollars for all of said work and material. Payments;/ ., 
on said work shall be made on the several parts of the work and material in ac- < .' 
cordance with the prices stated in the schedule hereto connected; said schedule ' ' ., - 
being only for the purpose of setting forth the payments to be made to the con- ; :; I 
tractor, and for no other consideration ; on each and every payment on work V.\;. 
and material that twenty-five per cent, of the amount for all cost of work, labor;'' .:..- 
and material, shall be retained until the final acceptance of the contract, subject ' 
to the conditions stated in the general instructions to bidders. Being understood ,; 
that payments on all work and material shall be made once each month. Upon ' 
such payments being made unto the party of the second part for any work or '. . ^ 
material, then such material and work shall be deemed in the possession of the , ;.; 
party of the first part, and shall be by them in their possession as part security j ;/ 
for moneys advanced, and in guarantee in addition to that required by bond. ..";.: 

The said party of the second part does hereby agree to commence said work ;;' .."' ' 
in said building as soon as the condition of the building permit of, and not later ; '-" 
than when the roof is completed on said building, and to finish the same as soon . - 
thereafter as possible within the limited time named in the specifications and ; \ 
general instructions. The eliminations marked in the specifications of the omis- 
sions of the gas engines and fans was made at schedule prices, before execution 
of this contract. 'v V. - : '--j? -.:;'" v 

In witness whereof, the parties hereinbefore named, in behalf of the board 
of supervisors of said county, and the party of the second part, each have hereto 
set their hands and seals the day and year first above written ; this contract only 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 93 

to take effect when the said party of the second part has furnished his bond and 
approved security. 

Witness our hands and seals, = . ' , !^ 

v.--;^'; %,;;:'/; W. SELDEN GALE, M. B. HARDEN, v ;'/ ' .;^ 

iC'V; ' "vcW^-^v:;: .V R. W. MILES, JOHN SLOAN, ^:cV^' 

; /o':-- . ^^:;. j W. H. LEIGHTON, SAM'L I. POPE & Co. ^i^i? 

'J;V.;;...';.;.' ;.'..' yU{^;.;;-; WM. ROBSON, -;. 

/:.;>': v-C.:- ; V (Witness) ALBERTA. PERRY, County Clerk. 

Mr. Anderson, of Dawson & Anderson, contractors of new court house, ap- 
peared and by permission addressed the board, asking assistance in procuring 
water. On motion of Mr. Latimer, the matter was referred to the building com- 
mittee with power to act. 

September Meeting, 1885. Mr. Gale from the committee on building, stated 
that no arrangement had yet been made for the construction of a cistern at the 
court house. He read the proposition of A. P. Anderson to construct a cistern 
13 feet 6 inches in diameter in the clear, 9 feet deep in the clear between inlet 
and overflow pipes, walls and arch 8 inches thick, bottom 3 bricks thick laid flat- 
wise, all of hard burned brick, thoroughly cemented inside and out, with 8 inch 
overflow pipe connected with present sewer, stone and iron top at grade line, 
for $285, to be constructed under the supervision of the superintendent at the 
court house. , "v' . . 

On motion of Mr. Latimer the proposition was accepted. 

January Meeting, 1886. The following report of the building committee 
was read and referred to the committee on revenue: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: . 

Gentlemen : The committee on building court house beg leave to report that 
the cistern authorized by the board at its last meeting has been completed and 
order issued by the clerk, by instructions of the committee, to A. P. An- 
derson, contractor, for the sum of $301,50. Until within the last ninety days, 
the progress has been satisfactory, but since that time much less has been done 
than the committee had reason to expect would have been done sixty days ago. 
The delay seems to have been caused by failure of the sub-contractors, who were 
to put on the framework of the roof to use due diligence. There now seems 
no prospect of doing more than to complete the framework of the roof before 
the coming of warm weather. The committee have used all the means in their 
power to hasten the operations of the iron contractors, and regret that their ef- 
forts have not been more successful. The committee have authorized the clerk 
to draw orders in favor of Dawson & Anderson to apply on contract, amount 
aggregating $46,610.54. . .. ' ? j.. >; v.;- 

,. Y... ... . . Respectfully submitted, < ; 

,;;;. '.;:^ V'-'/'.:_;.;, :/"-/ ','!, W. SELDEN GALE, ' '"'H'; 

^ ^- ';>. ^ V V I ;. Vx . . = Chairman of Committee. -^ 

April Meeting, 1886. Thursday, April 22, one-thirty P. M. Board called to 
order by chairman. Present same as this forenoon. -. 

Mr. Gale called up the report of the building committee, and read that por- 
tion of said report pertaining to the laying off and grading of the court house 
grounds. On motion the recommendation in relation thereto was concurred in. 

Mr. Gale then read that portion of said report pertaining to the advertisement 



- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; 

for bids for furniture. A motion by Mr. Boydstun to concur in the recommen- 
dations, was withdrawn. 

Mr. Gale then read that portion of said report pertaining to the assignment 
of rooms. On motion the recommendations of the committee were concurred in. 

Mr. Gale moved to strike out the recommendation of the committee in regard 
to furniture, and insert the following: y I ' .; 

That the committee be directed to advertise at once for bids for furniture, 
the bidders to furnish the designs. That the bids be required to be made sub- 
ject to the examination of the committee and the acceptance by the board. That 
the committee be directed to examine and carefully compare the bids, and when 
any shall be received, which the committee shall deem worthy of attention, they 
shall notify the chairman of the board, who shall call the board together. That 
when this board adjourn it shall adjourn subject to the call of the chairman. 
. On motion of Mr. Rebstock, the foregoing resolution amendatory of said re- 
port, was adopted. - 

Moved by Mr. Sisson that said report as amended be adopted, and its recom- 
mendations concurred in, and that it be spread upon the records of the bo^rd. 

The ayes and nays being called for, the vote stood as follows : ^ - - 

Ayes Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, Paden, Gale, Cooke, Boydstun, Olson, Mc- 
Kee, Sisson, May, Townsend, Luther, Clark, Robson, Hurd, Miles, Leighton, 
Andrews and Sloan 18. 

Xays Messrs. Simpson, Glisson, Cooley, Rebstock, Parker, C. S. Clark and 
Gibbs 7, \. ' . .;" ".-.' ;'-^'-'--'''v''.:'' .--'-.'' '-^'".'^^ :-'>';.'.,;>'''' 

The motion prevailed. 

The report of the building committee, as amended, is as follows:'..-' 

The committee on building beg leave to report : 

The condition and progress of the building will be best understood by mem- . 
bers of the board by actual inspection. While the progress made has been less 
than was hoped for, they think the construction so far is fairly satisfactory, and 
they are still of opinion that whether there be considered its substantial char- 
acter, its convenience, its beauty or its cost, the "building will prove satisfactory 
to those specially concerned in its erection, and to the citizens of the county. 

Messrs. Dawson & Anderson sublet the contract for the iron construction to 
other parties, who in turn sublet the construction of the frame work of the roof. 
This work should have been completed early in November, which would have 
enabled the work to go on all winter, and made the completion of the building 
within the contract time, the ist of September, entirely within the power of the 
contractor. The neglect to complete this work in time, has so far delayed the en- 
tire work as to make its completion within that time no longer a possibility. 

An effort should be made to secure the completion of the offices so as to permit 
the clerks to remove before the pressure of fall work on their offices, and to secure 
one court room for the October term. But we believe it better to suffer some in- 
convenience from delay rather than hasten the completion at the risk of getting 
anything but permanent work. 

The time within which it may be expected to complete the building may be 
estimated, by calculating the time necessary for the work of plastering, now just 
beginning. 

2nd. The time the work should stand to become sufficiently dry to receive the 



' :o;.- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V -^ 05 

woodwork, and 3rd, the time necessary to set up the woodwork then already pre- 
pared. 

The other portions of the work should be carried on simultaneously so as to 
cause no delay. ' . . 

It is perhaps hardly worth while to refer to various reports which have ob- 
tained some currency, of danger to the county from failure on the part of the 
contractors. 

We have only to say that we have no reason to question the perfect good faith 
of the contractors, or their ability to complete their undertaking. And that ad- 
vanced as the work now is, it is not possible the county can suffer any disasterous 
loss in any contingency. 

The work already done is undoubtedly much more expensive, compared with 
the originally estimated cost than that which is to be done. : ; v 

The committee had hoped to find the plans so complete that no changes 
whatever could be called for. But they cannot conceive it profitable to perpetuate 
an error, and there is no time when a mistake or oversight can be so easily cor- 
rected as in time of construction. When they consider the magnitude of the 
work, the unusual and complicated plan and character of the building, the various 
uses to which it is to be put, the difficulty, owing to distance, or consultation with 
the architect, the fact that the plans were required to be made in a limited time 
and in two different modes of construction, the committee thought they were 
hardly warranted in expecting a realization of such hopes. They have thought 
necessary, in process of construction, to require changes as follows: On the ist 
floor a door To be made in the tower room, connecting it and permitting it to be 
used in connection with the room next south of it. A double glass door in place 
of the single one connecting the two rooms of the county clerk for the better 
lighting of the inner room. 

The filling up of space in the basement under the vault for greater security. 
In the second story a change in the partition between the judge's room and the 
library, and dispensing with the water closet, and substituting a wash bowl and 
urinal in the judge's room. 

In the third story another door connecting two jury rooms in south wing, to 
be opened when necessary to secure better accommodations for a jury detained 
all night, and providing one of the rooms with a wash bowl and urinal. A change 
in partition at north end of corridor so as to shut off the stairway leading to the 
attic. 

These changes all told, will cost but little, but the cost will be an addition to 
the contract price. 

The committee also accepted the offer made by the contractor, believing it 
to be advantageous to the county, to substitute red oak for -yellow pine, where 
yellow pine is specified, in all doors above the basement, and all wood work in 
second story corridor and smaller court room for $300. 

In the exterior of the building, the contractor claimed the minarets and upper 
cornice of the tower were to be of iron. The architect said they were to be of 
stone. The committee thought to finish the most conspicuous part of the build- 
ing with an inferior material would detract too much from the appearance, and 
directed the contractor to use stone. 

An examination of the specifications shows that in the original or brick con- 



96 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

struction, iron was called for ; that in changing to a stone construction the same 
specifications were used, substituting other language when necessary, that the sec- 
tion affecting this work seemed to be overlooked in making the changes. 

The contractor evidently made the estimates on which his bid was founded, 
for iron work, the language misled him, if it did not justify him, and it does 
not seem unreasonable for him to claim compensation for the difference. 

The committee required the diamond shaped stones in the gable to be rubbed 
stone ; the contractor claimed they were to be rockfaced. The committee thought 
it would be as required, leaving the contractor to make his claim if the terms of 
the specifications were not clearly in our favor. 

Besides these changes ordered, the committee were called upon to settle the 
terms of the contract as to the ceilings. In the original specifications the ceal- 
ings in the basement were to be brick arches ; in the first, second and third stories 
to be hollow tile, plastered. :. . ^-v- 

The bid accepted, made by Dawson & Anderson, substituted iron arches for 
all brick and hollow tile, except in the court room ; provided brick or hollow tile 
might be substituted for the iron ones at the difference in price named in the 
schedule. The committee determined to substitute brick arches, plastered, for 
the iron mentioned in the bid and the hollow tile required in the original specifi- 
cations, in the corridors in the first and second stories, at the additional expense 
of $2.50 per square over the cost of iron. 

The cost of all changes and additions made and proposed is small, and made 
at the time the building is in progress, will add no more to the cost than if con- 
tained 'in the original specifications. The difference in cost would have probably 
appeared in the estimates of contractors on which the bids were founded. 

It will be necessary to provide for laying off and grading the court house 
grounds and paving the necessary walks. The committee have availed themselves 
of an opportunity to purchase a small amount of earth, delivered on the grounds, 
and other opportunities to purchase on favorable terms may appear. They rec- 
ommend that the committee be authorized to prepare or procure plans for lay- 
ing off the grounds, to be reported to the board for consideration, and in the 
meantime they be authorized to purchase earth when they can do so to manifest 
advantage. 

The committee have not heretofore called the attention of the board to the 
subject of furniture for the court house for the reason that the delay in the com- 
pletion of the building justified a postponement of preparation for furnishing. 
It is, however, desirable that the county should not be delayed in the occupancy 
of the building when completed for want of furniture. 

It is also desirable that time enough should be taken to settle carefully on 
plans, to secure competition, and to give ample time to the contractor to furnish 
perfect work. 

We recommend that the committee be directed to advertise at once for bids 
for furniture, the bidders to furnish the designs. That the bids be required to 
be made subject to the examination of the committee and the acceptance by the 
board. That the committee be directed to examine and carefully compare the 
bids, and when any shall be received which the committee shall deem worthy of 
attention, they shall notify the chairman of the board who shall call the board 
together. That when this board adjourn it shall adjourn subject to the call of the- 
chairman. . . 



96 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ,;,,:'^ 

struction, iron was called for ; that in changing to a stone construction the same 
specifications were used, substituting other language when necessary, that the sec- 
tion affecting this work seemed to be overlooked in making the changes. 

The contractor evidently made the estimates on which his bid was founded, 
for iron work, the language misled him, if it did not justify him, and it does 
not seem unreasonable for him to claim compensation for the difference. 

The committee required the diamond shaped stones in the gable to be rubbed 
stone ; the contractor claimed they were to be rockfaced. The committee thought 
it would be as required, leaving the contractor to make his claim if the terms of 
the specifications were not clearly in our favor. .. ; ; | 

Besides these changes ordered, the committee were called upon to settle the 
terms of the contract as to the ceilings. In the original specifications the ceal- 
ings in the basement were to be brick arches ; in the first, second and third stories 
to be hollow tile, plastered. .: ^^ v^. . ^;^' .^ ; '! " I r '. - : 

The bid accepted, made by Dawson & Anderson, substituted iron arches for 
all brick and hollow tile, except in the court room ; provided brick or hollow tile 
might be substituted for the iron ones at the difference in price named in the 
schedule. The committee determined to substitute brick arches, plastered, for 
the iron mentioned in the bid and the hollow tile required in the original specifi- 
cations, in the corridors in the first and second stories, at the additional expense 
of $2.50 per square over the cost of iron. 

The cost of all changes and additions made and proposed is small, and made 
at the time the building is in progress, will add no more to the cost than if con- . 
tained in the original specifications. The difference in cost would have probably 
appeared in the estimates of contractors on which the bids were founded. 

It will be necessary to provide for laying off and grading the court house 
grounds and paving the necessary walks. The committee have availed themselves 
of an opportunity to purchase a small amount of earth, delivered on the grounds, 
and other opportunities to purchase on favorable terms may appear. They rec- 
ommend that the committee be authorized to prepare or procure plans for lay- 
ing off the grounds, to be reported to the board for consideration, and in the 
meantime they be authorized to purchase earth when they can do so to manifest 
advantage. 

The committee have not heretofore called the attention of the board to the 
subject of furniture for the court house for the reason that the delay in the com- 
pletion of the building justified a postponement of preparation for furnishing. 
It is. however, desirable that the county should not be delayed in the occupancy 
of the building when completed for want of furniture. 

It is also desirable that time enough should be taken to settle carefully on 
plans, to secure competition, and to give ample time to the contractor to furnish 
perfect work. 

We recommend that the committee be directed to advertise at once for bids 
for furniture, the bidders to furnish the designs. That the bids be required to 
be made subject to the examination of the committee and the acceptance by the 
board. That the committee be directed to examine and carefully compare the 
bids, and when any shall be received which the committee shall deem worthy of 
attention, they shall notify the chairman of the board who shall call the board 
together. That when this board adjourn it shall adjourn subject to the call of the- 
chairman. . . ; ^ ...;; .. 



I 




HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 7 

As a preliminary to calling for bids, we ask the board to assign the rooms to 
their various uses, and we recommend : 

That the three court rooms be arranged and furnished so that they may each 
of them serve for either of the courts, for the meetings of the board of super- 
visors and for such other assemblies of officers and citizens on county business, 
as should be provided for. 

That on the first floor, the room on the right of the east entrance be assigned 
to the school superintendent. 

The room on the right of the north entrance, to the county judge. 

The room on the left, to the treasurer. 

The room on the right of the west entrance, to the recorder. 

The two rooms opposite, to the county clerk. 

The large room in the south wing, to the circuit clerk. 

That there be assigned to the sheriff either the room to the left of the east 
entrance, or the adjoining room in the south wing, the other to remain for the 
present unassigned. 

The room in the tower, to the treasurer and school superintendent, the treas- 
urer to have prior right of occupancy when necessary to his business. 

That each county officer have a case in the vault for the storage of valuable 
papers, or property requiring special security. -:'. 

That in the second story, the room next south of the tower room, to the 
master in chancery. 

The tower room and room west, to the county attorney. - ; ''. 

The other two north rooms to be ladies' waiting rooms. '.-. 

The south wing for judges' room, consultation room and library. 

The rooms in the third story to be used as jury and witness rooms. The 
room next north of the smaller court room to be the grand jury room. 

W. SELDEN GALE, R. W. MILES, 

- ..: WM. RoBSON, JOHN SLOAN, 

M. B. HARDEN, WM. H. LEIGHTON. 

The building committee beg leave to report, that in reply to the resolution of 
the board calling for information as to cost of changes in the building, ordered 
by the committee, they have procured from the contractor the following estimates : 

Expense of door in tower room $ 71.25 

Double door in clerk's office 30.00 

Door in third story 30.00 

Change in partition 2d story 

Extra wash basin and urinal 40.00 

Change in attic stairs " 50.00 

Substitution of oak for pine 300.00 

800 feet concrete filling in vault, at 2oc 160.00 



Cost of changes ordered by committee $681.25 

Substituting for iron 3,450 feet brick arches, at $2.50 86.25 

$767.50 

Vet 17 



98 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Amount claimed for stone cornice and minarets in place of iron, difference 
in cost: 

4 stone minarets, $130 each $520.00 

40 feet tower cornice 40.00 

88 feet gable cornice, at $i.6o 140.80 

4 carved finials 60.00 



- ' ' ' " ' ' '" $760.80 
Amount claimed for extra work on diamond shaped stones : 

246 feet, at 5oc $123.00 

io6 feet, at 7oc 74.20 



'"-:!. ^ ; '. .^':'':'\-'-':-.^':''!^ ^ .''-' ;-vr''''''- $197.20 

-':^':^ '"'-'. " ' '.:^- '^;^^^: ;;'-'. '^\^;.''" ^' ;.-.;; W. SELDEN GALE, ;-.;;v 

Chairman. 

Special May Meeting, 1886. The chairman stated that the meeting was 
called at the request of the building committee for the purpose of examining 
proposals and designs for furniture for the new court house, and considering 
the report of the building committee thereon. 

The clerk then read the proposals of A. H. Andrews & Co., of Chicago. Also 
the proposal of Conant Bros., of Toledo, Ohio. 

During the reading of the last named proposal, Mr. Chas. Ghsson, of Knox, 
entered. :/ 

The clerk then read the proposals of the Phoenix Furniture Company, of 
Grand Rapids, Mich., and of Thos. Kane & Co., of Chicago. 

Each of said proposals were accompanied with schedules of furniture and 
prices referring to the designs submitted, all of which were laid before the board. 

The report of the building committee was then read as follows : 

To the Honorable Board of Supennsors: 

Your committee in compliance with the resolution of the board, advertised 
for proposals for furniture, to be opened by the committee on the 4th inst. They 
felt justified in fixing an early time from the fact that several of the best houses 
in the country had visited the building in anticipation of such a call, and were 
known to have prepared plans ; and it was thought no further delay need be 
made to secure fair competition. Special notices were sent to all who had by 
personal application or correspondence indicated an intention of giving attention 
to the job. 

The committee received a communication from the Mitchell Furniture Co., 
of Cincinnati, asking a postponement of the letting, on account of the labor troubles 
and the consequent temporary closing of their works. Proposals were received 
from Thos. Kane & Co., of Chicago ; the Phoenix Furniture Co., of Grand Rapids, 
Mich. ; A. H. Andrews & Co., of Chicago, and Conant Bros., of Toledo, Ohio, 
all of which proposals, with the accompanying samples and exhibits are submitted 
to the board. 

The bids, except the first named, were presented in person by a proprietor or 
agent of the firm interested. 

It was agreed that the bids should not be disclosed until presented to the 
board, but that each party should have the fullest opportunity to explain his 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;;,;;; 99 

proposal to the committee, sitting with closed doors. There were present with 
the committee, for advice and assistance, the architect of the building, the county 
clerk and the circuit clerk. 

The bid of Thomas Kane & Co. was accompanied by very few designs and 
no samples. No gross amount is mentioned, but items are given and prices at- 
tached with reference to the designs furnished and printed catalogue of goods 
and prices published by the firm. The other bids are accompanied by schedules, 
substantially alike in items, admitting of ready comparison. 

The bid of the Phoenix Co. is exclusive of all seats, $7,765.40. 

The bid of Andrews & Co. is in two forms. With one set of designs it is 
$11,123.80; with plainer designs and cheaper work, $9,193.65. "u 

The bid of Conant Bros, gives no gross amount, but affixes to each item in 
the schedule from two to eight prices, according to design, workmanship and ma- 
terial. Reviewing these schedules for comparison, and taking the items recom- 
mended by the committee, as herinafter stated, we find them, as nearly as we 
have been able to calculate, to compare as follows: 

Phoenix Co., about $7,200. . 

Andrews & Co., highest bid, $7,610. .; - ' 

Andrews & Co., lowest bid, $6,655. ' .: ^ .'-^' ~ 

Conant Bros., from less than $6,000 to over $8,000. '; ^^; . .: 

It is at once evident that, taking medium prices in the bids of Andrews & Co. 
and of Conant Bros, there is but very little- difference in the bids of the three 
houses. The bids of Conant Bros, are both the highest and the lowest. 

The bid of the Phoenix Co. is higher than one bid of Andrews & Co. and 
lower than the other, and it is only by careful examination of the descriptions 
and designs that it can be determined from which the most satisfactory selection 
can be made, and it is perhaps proper here to say that it has been generally re- 
marked by persons examining the building, with reference to bidding on the fur- 
niture, that the building being architecturally different from all other court houses 
(the Cincinnati court house is said to be of similar style), it could only be well 
and tastefully furnished from designs specially prepared to conform to its peculiar 
style. 

The committee think Conant Bros, have had a better appreciation of the build- 
ing or have been willing to take more pains than others. They believe the board 
will find their designs finer and more in keeping with the building than any others 
presented, and the committee believe that at same cost the best selection may be 
made from their bid. 

The committee recommend that the board authorize the committee to contract 
with Conant Bros, for the articles of furniture in the list herewith presented, to 
be selected by the committee in walnut, cherry and oak, in such proportions as 
they may think best at a cost not exceeding $7,250. 

In the matter of chairs, the committee are not satisfied that the best or most 
economical selection can be made from these proposals. That unlike the other 
furniture they will not be made expressly for the building, but that they can at 
any time be bought in the market, and that plenty of time may safely be taken 
to make selection and purchase. 

The committee have received bids for file cases from Schlect & Field and from 
Conant Bros. These are to contain the papers put into each pigeon hole. Both 



100 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

their patterns are decided improvements on those in common use obtained from 
stationers. But in judgment of the committee, the advantage to this county from 
their use are by no means commensurate with the increased expense. 

L. A. TowNSEND, WM. ROBSON, 

./-- W. SELDEN GALE, W. H. LEIGHTON, 

JOHN SLOAN, RUFUS W. MILES. 

The foregoing report was placed before the board to be considered and exam- 
ined in connection with the proposals and designs above submitted. 

On motion the board took a recess until one-thirty P. M. 

- One-thirty P. M. Board called to order by chairman. 1> , 

.; Present, same as this morning. 

The board having examined and considered the several proposals and designs 
for furniture submitted and the report of the building committee, it was moved 
by Mr. Paden that the board accept said report and concur in its recommenda- 
tions, and that said committee be authorized to purchase such chairs and seats 
as may be needed in the new court house at a cost not to exceed $2,500, which 
motion was adopted. 

Thereupon, they entered into contract with Conant Brothers Furniture Com- 
pany, on the I7th day of May, 1886. 

July Meeting, 1886. Mr. Gale read the following report of the. building com- 
mittee : 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

GENTLEMEN : The building committee beg leave to call the attention of the 
board to the necessity of providing mantels and grates for the building; nineteen 
are required. The committee have had proposals sent them from several parties. 
They are of opinion that slate mantels may be obtained with grates, and all com- 
plete and in place suitable for the situation, for from $700 to $800. The com- 
mittee wish to be advised if any action in the case on their part is desired. 

W. SELDEN GALE, Chairman. 

On motion of Mr. Paden, the committee were authorized to contract for 
grates and mantels on the best terms obtainable. 

January Meeting, 1887. Mr. Gale made a verbal report in behalf of the build- 
ing committee stating that it had been hoped that all contracts for matters con- 
nected with the building could be closed up at the present meeting. This cannot 
be done and the committee would recommend that when the board adjourns, it 
adjourn for about two. weeks. It is desirable that Mr. Myers be present, and he 
has informed the committee that he can be here at about that time. The com- 
mittee were requested at the last meeting of the board to prepare a detailed state- 
ment of orders drawn for all work connected with the court house. In conse- 
quence of the unfinished condition of the work the committee are unable to com- 
ply, but a verbal statement may be made which will give the board the informa- 
tion necessary to enable the members to act understandingly upon any question 
which may arise until such time as a full written statement can be made. 

Mr. Gale then stated, to the board, the condition of the various contracts and 
the amounts paid upon each, respectively, which he requested the supervisors to 
take down each for himself. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 

RESOLVED: That there be a reception held at the court house, by the board 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 101 

of supervisors, on the 26th inst., from lo o'clock A. M. until ten o'clock P. M., 
and that citizens of the county and their friends be respectfully invited to attend. 

January Adjourned Meeting, 1887. On motion of Mr. Gale, the board took 
a recess subject to the call of the chairman. 

During recess, dedicatory exercises were held in the circuit court room, which 
were attended by a large concourse of people. Brief addresses were made by 
the architect. Col. E. E. Myers, the contractor; John Anderson; Hon. R. G. 
Mathews, chairman of the board; Hon. Clark E. Carr; Judge J. J. Glenn; Judge 
Sanford, and Messrs. E. P. Williams, W. Selden Gale, and R. W. Miles. 

During the exercises, the following resolution was offered by Mr. F. Chris- 
tianer, of Abingdon, which was unanimously adopted. 

Resolved, That we, the people of Knox county, in mass meeting assembled, 
do offer our thanks to the board of supervisors of the county of Knox for their 
successful efforts in the erection of this court house, and for their thorough hon- 
esty and integrity in the building of the same, and we ask that these resolutions 
be spread upon the records of said board. 

Mr. Gale stated that the building committee were ready to report on a portion 
of the matters before them if the board desired. On motion of Mr. May the 
building committee were requested to report. 

Mr. Gale then reported a bill in favor of Col. E. E. Myers, of $i,ooo, balance 
of architect's fees, and asked that it be referred with other matters pending. 

The motion of Mr. Gale was adopted. 

Mr. Gale then read the following additional report of the building committee : 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

. The building committee have rendered a partial settlement with Messrs. Daw- 
son & Anderson, court house contractors. 

The contract was originally taken at the sum of $114,311.52 

To this was added by direction of the board, at the April meeting, 

1886 1,725.50 

Under the authority of the board to make some improvements in the 

basement the committee have directed plastering and wainscoting 

and places for washbowls and sinks, and have allowed Dawson 

& Anderson 53-7O 

The committee thought best to make some changes in the supports for 

the gallery, involving the casing of supporting beams, for which 

they allowed D. & A 88.00 

The committee also allowed for work apparently not belonging to the 

contract, but necessary to be done in fitting woodwork around 

furniture 8.05 

Around mantels 17-15 

For putting up strips for hooks on the walls and bulletin boards, and 

assisting in repairing and removing furniture from old building. . 83.03 

For alteration in stone coping to steps 42.00 



Making a total of .'. . .$116,328.94 

In the matter of stained glass in the ceiling to main court room, the contrac- 
tors proposed to put in plain cathedral glass. : . . ' ' 

The committee did not consider this arrangement suitable, and it appearing 



102 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

on examination of the contract that it was stipulated that the glass should be of 
such pattern as the architect should require, the committee applied to Col. Myers 
to furnish f)atterns. 

Under his direction patterns were sent, costing $960. The committee found 
that the contractors had, in making the estimate on which their bid was based, 
allowed themselves only $200. The committee were, considering that the real 
cost of the building to the contractors was already far beyond the amount esti- 
mated by them for the work at the bidding, very reluctant to require so large 
additional cost. At the same time they believed the fulfillment of the contract 
according to the views of the contractors would not be satisfactory to the public. 

The conclusion of the committee was to contract with Geo. A. Misch for put- 
ting in the light in less expensive patterns than those proposed for $506. 

This amount, paid by county, might be deducted from the contract of Dawson 
& Anderson. The committee are, however, prepared to recommend that only so 
much be charged the contractors as the cost by them estimated at the bidding, 
say $200. 

At the meeting of April. 1886. the committee reported that Dawson & Ander- 
son had proposed to substitute oak finish for pine throughout the building for 
$500. or in the halls and one court room for $300; that the committee had ac- 
cepted the last proposition. This action of the committee was approved by the 
board and $300 added on that account to the contract. Dawson & Anderson have 
substituted oak throughout the building, though without promise of extra pay 
beyond the $300 already allowed. 

They ask the board to allow $200 additional. That the change is worth that 
amount to the building the committee believe, and recommend it be allowed. 

Should the board concur in the recommendation as to glass and oak finish, it 
will leave the amount due on the contract of Dawson & Anderson unchanged, at 
$116.328.94 the county paying Misch $506. 

.: This amount is subject to offset for want of completion within the contract 
time, it being stipulated that the building should be completed by Sept. ist, 1886, 
and a penalty of $20 per day for any delay. 

The county began to have a very limited use of a small part of the building 
about Nov. 1 5th. It was not till the last of December the clerks were able to 
move into their not quite finished offices, and not till now that the county has 
full use of the building. 

Dawson & Anderson claim allowance for items of work required by the com- 
mittee, which the committee claimed the right to require under the contract, 
which the contractors insisted were not required by a fair construction of the 
terms of the contract, and which were performed by them under protest. 
For 15.000 brick required to be put in tower in excess of what appeared 

to be shown in paper $255.00 

For extra cost of hardware in door trimmings, committee requiring better 

quality than contractors expected to furnish 424.50 

For changes in window casings 292.00 



... -3<^ 

.-^s to these items, the committee required them because they thought theyN- 
ought to be done, even if at the cost of the county, and that the contract gave 
them the right to require it. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 103 

They are not, however, quite sure that the right to require the work is alto- 
gether free from doubt, and are satisfied the cost was not included in the con- 
tractor's estimate when he made the bid. 

While the committee have not felt authorized to admit the claims, they think 
it entirely proper that the board should consider the propriety of giving the con- 
tractors the benefit of the doubt. 

Dawson & Anderson have further stated to the committee, and the committee 
have examined the schedule, on which the bid was made, and found the statement 
correct, that in making the schedule important items were omitted, and while the 
contract required the performance of the work and to have been done without 
other compensation than the profits, if any, on the enumerated items. 

First, a clerical error appeared by which their bid was unintentionally re- 
duced $2,000. 

The items of plastering were estimated at $4,200 and so appear in the sched- 
ule, but the amount is carried into the general summary at $2,200. 

The following items were overlooked and omitted entirely from the schedule: 

2,825 fee concreting under inside walls $ 570.00 

6,800 fee basement floor 682.50 

3 extra granite steps 9O-75 

154 feet gallery front at $5 770.00 

4 clock dials in tower 120.00 

I vault door of iron i lo.oo 

Difference between lime and cement used in concreting floors 489.00 



$2,831.25 

In the estimate of the stone work very large under-estimate of items were 
made, and some errors of calculation. ;. . 

It is difficult and not perhaps profitable, to go over the whole calculation. 

The work is so complicated that none but an expert, with plenty of time at 
his disposal could correctly estimate it. 

It is undoubtedly placed in the schedules at several thousand dollars less than 
it was done for, or could be done for. 

The committee has not felt authorized to do more than allow the contractors 
for each item as the county was clearly under obligation to pay by the strict 
terms of the contract. 

How far it is proper for the board to go on giving liberal interpretation to the 
terms of the contract, or in allowing extra compensation for work done, required 
to be done by the contract, yet omitted from the contractor's estimate, each super- 
visor should judge for himself. The committee desire only to present the facts 
without recommendations, leaving each member of the committee as well as every 
other supervisor to act independently. 

Some facts in the case are as follows: While the work is not entirely free 
from criticism, it is on the whole well done, much of it better than might have 
been expected. 

The contractors have been held to strict compliance, without the favors and 
indulgences commonly, if not usually, given on public buildings by architects and 
superintendents. While it cannot be said nothing has been lost by neglect or bad 
management, on the whole, fewer mistakes than are usual on such buildings have 



104 ; ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

been made, and great care has been taken in procuring the best terms in sub- 
contracts and purchase of supplies, and on the whole, such business has been 
successfully done. 

If held to the strict construction of the contract the contractors are heavy 
losers on the job, even with all the allowance they suggest to the board, they will 
not be indemnified. 

The contract was made by both the county and contractors, in good faith, 
with the expectation that it could be performed for the money stipulated. 

The errors in the schedule were not discovered till the work was well under 
way. Much allowance must be made for the seeming carelessness of the con- 
tractors in this. The plan of the building is different from that of any similar 
building. It is very complicated, and although the plans and specifications are 
unusually complete, a careful and complete estimate of all its parts requires an 
amount of care, skill and time very difficult for the contractors to give in the 
time limited. 

The next lowest bid, at the letting, to that of Dawson & Anderson, was $4,500 
higher, and was made by a contractor of experience in building court houses, and 
based on simple comparison of size of building with that of others erected by him. 
It may be properly said that in offering to erect the building at the amount 
named in the proposals (a lower figure than would represent the cost), the board 
was misled, that while the board was willing to contract at that price for this 
building, the plan might have been modified or abandoned if it had been shown 
to cost any larger sum. 

On the other hand, perhaps, the building is worth all it cost, with such addi- 
lions as the board may make to the contractors' compensation, and no one would 
wish to lose the building for the price. 

; . Nobody offered to perform the contract for less than $4,500 more than these 
contractors, and if to that party the contract had been let, the same questions 
might have arisen with him. 

If the proposition to build the house at less than what the county is ultimately 
called upon to pay, induced the acceptance of the contract, and if no bid being 
received for less than is now proposed to pay, the board would have refused to 
go on with the plan. It may be fortunate that the board was deceived and led 
into what has proved for the advantage of the county. 

On motion of Mr. May, the clerk was directed to get the foregoing report 
printed for the use of the board. ! - 

Mr. Gale then read the following further report of the building committee: 
To the Honorable Board of Supen'isors: 

The building committee recommend that the committee be instructed to retain 
the control of the building to such extent as they shall find necessary until the 
next meeting of the board. That they be instructed to see that the erection and 
finishing of the building be completed according to existing contracts and in com- 
pliance with the instructions of the board, and to settle contracts made by them 
in accordance with the instructions of the board and to order the issuing of county 
orders when necessary to fulfill such contracts. 

.;. They recommend the assignment of rooms as follows: ,,,. . . ..: 

;i Rooms i, 2 and 3 to the county judge and county clerk. '^V- * - : 

-.; Rooms 4 and 5 to the circuit clerk. .'^ ' - ' 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY >; 106 

Room 6 to the sheriff for an office. . 

Room 8 to the school superintendent. .: ., 

Room lo to the county treasurer. 

Room 9 to the treasurer and school superintendent, the treasurer to have 
precedence, so far as the duties of his office make it necessary. 

Rooms 12 and 13 to the state's attorney, conditional that he occupy the same 
in person, keeping his office open during the business hours the year around. 

Room II to the master in chancery on like conditions. 

Room 17 to the circuit judge as private room. -' v .. 

Room i8 as a library and waiting room for the use of the bar. 

Room 19 to be attached to i8 for like purposes. 

That 14 be set apart for the exclusive use of ladies. 15 for a waiting room 
for ladies and their attendants. 21 for the grand jury. 22 and 23 to be in con- 
trol of grand jury when required. ; ; 

That the court rooms i6, 20 and 30 be at the disposal of the circuit and county 
courts, the circuit court to have precedence in i6 and the county court to have 
precedence in 20 unless the circuit court be first in possession. 

That the board of supervisors meet and organize at each regular or special 
meeting, when no other provision has been made, in room 20; or if room 20 
be occupied by one of the courts, then in room 30; or if both be so occupied, then 
in room i6. 

That the rooms assigned to the county officers be in the control of the officers 
to whom they are severally assigned; that the other rooms be in the care of the 
sheriff to be made ready and opened, when required for their proper uses ; that 
the rooms not otherwise occupied be used as may be needed for witness, jury, 
committee or consultation rooms, and by the county officers when needed for 
work not conveniently done in their respective offices. ;::;/.. 

That the sheriff be directed to open the rooms in the court house, when not 
in use for county purposes, for such public or political meetings as according to 
the custom and practice of the county, may properly be held therein, such privi- 
leges to be exercised under such conditions and limitations or extensions as the 
board may from time to time provide, or as may, between the sessions of the 
board, be ordered by the chairman of the board or the building committee. 

They recommend that the desk formerly in use by the deputy county clerk 
be given to the coroner and placed in the building as the coroner may, with the 
approval of the building committee, designate. 

W. SELDEN GALE, Chairman. 

On motion of Mr. Simpson, the foregoing report was accepted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 

Moved by Mr. Luther Clark that Col. Myers be requested to state to the 
board, if, in the items of extras claimed by the contractor on account of better 
material having been furnished than is required by the contract, the material so 
furnished is better than required. 

Friday Morning, Jan. 28th, 1887. The board then proceeded to the consid- 
eration of the report of the building committee in relation to a final settlement 
with Messrs. Dawson & Anderson. 

Pending the remarks of Mr. Anderson on said report. '.;;.'. 

On hiotion the board adjourned to one-thirty this afternoon, -i v^; 



V 106 ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

'=' .' One-thirty P. M. Board called to order by the chairman. 
: Present same as this forenoon. 

The board then resumed the consideration of the report of the building com- 
"' mittee, and Mr. Anderson proceeded in his remarks. 

-. At the close of Mr. Anderson's remarks, Mr. Gale offered the following reso- 
:'' lution and moved its adoption : 

/' Resolved, That the building committee be authorized to settle with Dawson 

& Anderson for the work done by them, and yet to be done by the terms of the 

: contract, to make such allowance for extras and errors as they think just, and 

:'.. to determine the amount to be charged them for delay in completion of the build- 

: ing, but the entire amount allowed for work heretofore done on the building or 

to be done on the contract as contracted by the committee shall not exceed the 

.. amount of $121,328.90 in excess of the amount charged for damages by reason 

. of delay. 

Mr. May moved as a substitute that the matter of final settlement with Daw- 
-; son & Anderson be postponed until the April meeting of the board. 

Mr. Rebstock offered the following resolutions as an amendment to the mo- 
tion of Mr. May : 

> RESOLVED: ist. That the building committee is instructed to settle with Daw- 
son & Anderson on the terms of the contract. 

2nd, And if the committee find on examination of Mr. Anderson's claims for 
extra work done on the court house (any portion of said claims are valid), that 
f they settle with him as far as the county is liable for extra work done. 
i (The words in brackets above are added by the clerk to express the full mean- 
ing of the resolution.) 

Moved by Mr. Gibbs that the items of extras claimed by Dawson & Anderson 
be passed upon severally. 

And thereupon the chairman ruled the action to be upon the motion of Mr. 
May. ,.-..; - ( . 

The votes by ayes and nays was as follows : 
Ayes Hunter, Mosser, Paden, Boydstun, McKee, Sisson, May, Townsend, 

Luther Clark, Simpson, Hurd, Parker and Chas S. Clark 13. -.:[.' 

Nays Gale, Cooke, Olson, Glisson, Robson, Rebstock, Miles, Leighton, An- 
drews, Sloan and Gibbs ii. 

Motion was carried. '' v ; 

. ..- . On motion of Mr. Gale the recommendation of the committee in relation to 

the oak finish and the ornamental stained glass furnished by Geo. C. Misch was 
adopted. 

Mr. Gale stated that the building committee had expected to present a de- 
tailed statement of expenditures on all matters connected with the court house, 
: but owing to the unsettled condition of accounts, had been unable to do so. He 
moved that the committee be directed to prepare such a statement as soon as 
possible and cause the same to be published. Carried. 

Moved by Mr. Paden that we reconsider the motion of Mr. May to postpone 
: action on the report of the building committee in the matter of final settlement 
with Dawson & Abderson until the April meeting. i 

Ayes and nays were called as follows: 
: : Ayes Paden, Gale, Boydstun, Cooke, Olson, McKee, Sisson, Townsen,d, 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY v^ 107 

Simpson, Robson, Kurd, Rebstock, Miles, Leighton, Andrews, Sloan and Gibbs 

17- 

Nays Hunter, Mosser, May, Luther Clark, Glisson, Parker and Chas S. 

Clark 7. 

The motion prevailed and the report reconsidered. .'.;.. 

On motion of Mr. Paden, it was ordered that the board pass on the disputed 
items severally, and that the building committee be authorized to settle with Daw- 
son & Anderson, paying such claims as may be allowed by the board. 

The clerk then read the first disputed claim for 15,000 brick placed in the 
tower of the building, $255.00. ., :;;;; 

Moved by Mr. Gale that the claim be allowed. Carried. 

The next item was read, claim of $424.50, for extra cost of hardware in door 
trimmings. 

Moved by Mr. Cooke that the claim be allowed.' . 

Ayes and nays were called as follows: 

Ayes Messrs. Paden, Gale, Boydstun, Cooke, Olson, Townsend, Glisson, 
Robson, Hurd, Miles, Leighton, Aindrews, Sloan 13. 

Nays Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, McKee, Sisson, May, Luther Clark, Simp- 
son, Rebstock, Parker, Chas. S. Clark and Gibbs ii. / . 

The motion prevailed and the claim was allowed. 

The next claim, $292, for change in window cases, was read. :;.-.; 

Mr. Miles moved to allow $192 on the claim. ' 

Ayes and nays were called as follows: ? ;> 

Ayes Messrs. Paden, Gale, Boydstun, Cooke, Olson, Townsend, Glisson, 
Robson, Hurd, Miles, Leighton, Andrews and Sloan 13. 

Nays Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, McKee, Sisson, May, Luther Clark, Simp- 
son, Rebstock, Parker, Chas. S. Clark and Gibbs ii. 'V 

The motion prevailed. , . ' - 

The next item, $2.000 clerical error in addition, was read. ;' . 

Mr. Olson moved to allow the item. ': :: 

Ayes and nays were called as follows: . 

Ayes Messrs. Gale, Cooke, Olson. Robson, Leighton and Sloan 6. 

Nays Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, Paden, Boydstun, McKee, Sisson, May, 
Townsend, Luther Qark, Simpson, Glisson, Hurd, Rebstock, Miles, Andrews, 
Parker, Chas. S. Clark and Gibbs 18. 

The motion was lost. -, - ' /'/ 

The next item, $570, for concpete under inside walls, was read. ; <' 

Mr. Cooke moved that it be allowed. -' . . . 

Ayes and nays were called as follows: . .- r- 

Ayes Messrs. Gale, Cooke, Olson, Robson, Andrews and Sloan 6. 

Nays Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, Paden, Boydstun, McKee, Sisson, May, 
Townsend, Luther Clark, Simpson, Glisson, Hurd, Rebstock, Miles, Leighton, 
Parker, Chas. S. Clark and Gibbs 18. 

The motion was lost. :. .,;. 

The next item, $682.50, for basement floor, was read. '';;: 

Moved by Mr. Boydstun that $500 be allowed on same. v 't " 

Ayes and nays were called as follows: 

Ayes Messrs. Paden, Gale, Boydstun, Cooke, Olson, Townsend, Robson and 
Sloan . ; 



108 ?- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;^:|;;; 

: Nays Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, McKee, Sisson, May, Luther Clark, Simp- 
son, Glisson, Hurd, Rebstock, Miles, Leighton, Andrews, Parker, C. S. Clark and 
Gibbs 16. ... . . . - . 

The motion was lost. ^ ^\ ^';?'. :?'. ''J/^. ; : 

The next item, $770.00 for gallery front, was read. >/... = ' 
Moved by Mr. Gale that the claim be allowed. .;.'-' ' . 

.. Ayes and nays were called as follows: >'..- 

Ayes Messrs. Gale. Cooke, Olson, Robson and Sloan 5. 

Nays Messrs. Hunter, Mosser, Paden, Boydstun, McKee, Sisson, May, 
Townsend, Luther Gark, Simpson, Glisson, Hurd, Rebstock, Miles, Leighton, 
Andrews, Parker, Chas. S. Gark and Gibbs 19. . -.,.:,-.,.--. 

The motion was lost. ' . , : ' 

The next item $120.00 for 4 clock dials in tower, was read. -'; ' , ; 
; Moved by Mr. Cooke that the claim be allowed. Lost. .;' '; . . 
':- The next item $iio.oo, for vault door was read. ; ., .- : ,'- 

Moved by Mr. Miles, that the item be allowed. ' - V ". :' 

: Ayes and nays were called as follows : "' 

Ayes Messrs. Paden. Gale. Boydstun. Cooke, Olson, Townsend, Glisson, 
Robson, Miles. Andrews and Sloan ii. j . :. '"- 

Xays Messrs. Hunter. Mosser. McKee, Sisson, May, Luther Clark, Sittipson, 
Hurd. Rebstock. Leighton, Parker, C. S. dark and Gibbs 13. 

The motion was lost. " ' I - 

The last item. $489.00. difference between lime and cement mortar for floors. 

Mr. Paden moved to allow $300.00 on this item. The motion was lost. 

January Meeting, 1887. The following are the duties assigned to the janitor 
by the committee and adopted by the board : 

It shall be the duty of the janitor: ' r ^ ' ' . r ' . 1 :;;' 

To receive and store the fuel. 

Take charge of the heating apparatus and grates, and to keep each room in the 
house suitably warm, and heat turned off when not needed. 

To attend to the water supply and take care of all closets and wash-bowls. 

To keep all offices, corridors, court rooms and jury rooms well cleaned and in 
good order, and to keep in order the basement and attic. 

To light the corridors and public rooms when needed, and turn off the lights 
at proper time, the work to be done at proper hours so as not to interfere with 
the use of the rooms ; to remain in the building all night to guard the same, or to 
employ for the purpose a suitable person capable of taking charge of the heating 
apparatus. 

To keep the walks and lawns, when constructed, in proper condition, to em- 
ploy at his own expense so much help as may be needed to properly perform the 
whole work. ' . j . . 

It shall be a condition of the agreement that he shall not leave the employment 
on his own motion, except on thirty days' notice to the board in session, but shall 
be liable to removal by the board at anytime. 

: And your comhiittee would recommend that the compensation be $1,200 per 
year. 

On motion of Mr. Gale, the building committee was authorized to allow on the 
disputed claims of Dawson & Anderson a sum not exceeding the amount of dam- 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY \ .. 

ages which may be claimed by the county, of Dawson & Anderson, by reason of 
delay in the completion of the building. 

July Meeting, 1887. Mr. Gale read the report of the building committee on 
walks, which was also laid over for future consideration. 

Mr. Gale presented a list of all orders drawn on the treasurer on account of 
construction of court house and all matters pertaining to the same, including heat- 
ing, architect's fees, advertising, cistern, furniture, superintendent's salary, ex- 
penses of building committee, grading, gas fixtures, mantels and sundries, which 
was laid over for the inspection of the board and future action. 

The report of the building committee in relation to walks being called up, was 
read by the clerk as follows : . ... , 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee have made inquiry as to cost of various materials for pave- 
ment of walks on court house grounds. ;. .; 

They find the cost of hard burned brick, such as is used in the city, will not : 
exceed lo cents per square foot. That the cost of Berea stone flagging laid, will 
not exceed 27 cents. 

That the competing propositions, something may be saved on the brick and pos- 
sibly on the stone. 

That the cost of asphalt concrete is not far from that of brick, and that con- 
crete of Portland cement is about the same as stone. 

The area of walks, exclusive of sidewalk on outside of the grounds, will be 
12,000 to 16,000 feet, according to the plans to be adopted and width of walks. 

The committee consider the concrete walks out of the question. ; 

' That the preference should be given to stone, except for the excess of cost. 

That on grounds of economy, the committee recommend the use of brick for 
material. = ;i;\.>' \ ; 

They recommend the plan of walks heretofore proposed and now presented, be 
adopted, subject to such modification as the committee may find expedient, not 
materially increasing expense. 

That the committee be authorized to contract for the materials and work on 
the best terms practicable, by Advertisement or otherwise. 

That the committee be authorized to build one-half the walks through the 
centeriof the park and to agree with the city for the construction of sidewalks and 
street curbing, the county paying the proportion of such expense paid by other 
proprietors of frontage in like cases. - ? -''.?; 

W. SELDEN GALE, Chairman. 

On motion of Mr. Mathews, the report was accepted, and its recommenda- 
tions concurred in, and the committee was instructed to contract and complete 
the walks in accordance with the plans submitted, said walks to be made of good 
hard burned brick, and to be completed as soon as possible. 

A list of all orders to date on the county treasurer on account of labor and 
material used in the construction of the new court house was presented, aggre- 
gating $146,453.51. 

Court house $113,631.16 

Miscellaneous items 503.40 ' .' 

Steam heating 7,072.67 '.;- 

Architect 4,120.25 ;'. 



110 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - . 

Advertising 81.50 

' Cistern 3O375 

Furniture 10,280.45 

' Superintendent 2,853.50 

Building committee 2,736.75 

Sundry expenses of building committee 50-58 

, Grading 2,146.56 

. Mantels 706.00 

Sundries 327-55 

Gas fixtures 908.06 

Sundry expenses and furnishings 722.33 



Total $146,453.51 

September Meeting, 1887. The clerk read the report of the building com- 
mittee showing claims amounting to $684.53. | " 

On motion of Mr. Gale the report was accepted and its recommendations con- 
curred in. 

Mr. Sisson stated that Prof. Richards, of the city council of the city of Gales- 
burg, was present and desired to present a matter to the board in regard to the 
walks to be built in the city park and bordering on the court house grounds. 

By consent Prof. Richards addressed the board, stating that it had at one 
time been contemplated that a walk 12 feet wide would be built on the center 
line of Broad street continued through the park ; that it was not probable that a ' 
street would be opened through the park and be paved between the elm trees, 
making a driveway of about i6 or i8 feet wide and a walk laid on each side of 
this driveway outside of the elms. He asked that the county board waive the 
formality of a special assessment proceeding in court and arrange with the city 
to bear the expense of this improvement equally. 

And thereupon, on motion of Mr. Gale, the following resolution was adopted: 

That the building committee be authorized to confer with the representative 
of the city and agree on such division of the management and care of the park 
and court house grounds as may seem to be most advantageous, and on a equi- 
table division of the cost thereof. 

(In offering the above resolution, Mr. Gale stated that the title to the ground 
to be occupied by the proposed street or driveway, was somewhat doubtful, it 
not being certain just where it rested, and before definite action on the proposi- 
tion of Prof. Richards, the matter should be investigated. Clerk.) 

January Meeting, 1888. ^ Your committee to whom was referred sundry 
bills for labor and material in construction at court house and grounds would 
beg leave to submit the following report on the matters before them. They have 
examined the bills, and finding them correct, they recommend that orders issue 
for their payment, aggregating $1,104.26. 

On motion of Mr. Gale the report was accepted and its recommendations con- 
curred in. 

Mr. Gale read a further report of the same committee on other matters re- 
ferred to them for consideration and action during vacation. , ... . ;. . 

', "' '^.:'' . / |. - ' . ', 

To the Hon. Chairman and Gentlemen: 

The building committee beg leave to report as to their proceedings in vacation. 



,^;;v^v" ;: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY , ; ; : . 'ill 

They have caused to be built of brick the walks on the grounds heretofore con-V; ;. 
templated by the action of the board, except the walk in the center of the park; 
they have furnished brick for sidewalks on the three sides of the county grounds 
which have been laid by authority of the city. In this the rule usually adopted 
in the construction of brick pavements in the city is followed, the practice in such 
case being for the city to build the sidewalks and the proprietors furnishing either 
in part or wholly the brick. Upon constructing the pavements, it was found 
that additional filling was necessary for proper grades. This was increased by 
some changes made by the city in the grade of the city's portion of the park. 
They have made such additional filling and grading as seemed necessary. . . 

As directed by the board, the committee have sought to make some agree- V 
ment with the city government for such division and management of the park 
and court house grounds as might seem advantageous, and for an equitable 
division of the cost. - . 

The park and court house grounds consist of what appears on the original 
plat of the town in blocks 38 and 39 and a strip of land 6 rods in width appear- 
ing as a street and separating the blocks. - ' ''.. 
This street seems to never have been worked as a street, but the two blocks 
and intervening space have been for more than thirty years inclosed together for 
a park, most of the ground previous to that time being always open and in a ^-'^ 
state of nature. At the time of the vote on the removal of the county seat, the C . 
city as authorized by law, pledged to the county in case of removal, the east half ;;;<. 
of the park grounds as a court house site, the title and occupancy then being in ^.jr 
Knox college. The city procured from the college a deed to the county of block : 
39, conditioned on its occupancy by a court house, and afterwards secured from 
the college a deed of blocks 38 and 39, subject to the county's claim, to be used 
exclusively as a park. '^ V^ . , , ;' ^-'^. '.^-'''~.': 

The location of the court house has been made with regard to the situation - . 
as supposed to be secured by these proceedings. .v, 

As seemed to the committee equitable, the proposition was made to the city -^; ' ' 
council that the county and city should each care for one-half of the grounds, :. 
the county building, .all necessary walks to accommodate persons approaching .^ 
the court house or crossing the grounds in any direction on the east half and join- V 
ing the city equally in the cost of such walk as might be convenient on the divid- . :v 
ing line. No direct answer has been received to the proposition. .' 

^ The committee learned through the newspapers that the city council had or- :.'.. 
dered the opening of Broad street through the park, and the paving of the street 
and sidewalks on each side of the street, the entire cost to be assessed against the 
property abutting on the street. v ,; 

The committee were advised that the right of the council to open Broad street. ' 
through the park was at most doubtful. It seemed to the committee that so far 
as the interests and convenience of the county at large was concerned, it was 
very undesirable. They failed to see the justice and propriety of compelling the 
taxpayers of the county outside the city limits to contribute to the expense of 
such construction, of no use whatever for the purpose of approach to the county 
buildings. The injustice seemed greater in the fact that the universal rule in . 
the city in like improvements has been to charge only one-half the cost of im- 
provements against the abutting property. They found the cost assessed against 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ":^ 

the county would amount to about one thousand dollars. Under these circum- 
stances the committee thought it their duty to ask for an injunction, which would 
at least delay the matter until the meeting of the board. An injunction was 
asked for and obtained. The committee desire to refer the question to the board 
to consider what further action should be taken. The committee made request 
of the council to curb Cherry street on the east side of the grounds according to 
the plans adopted two years ago, and for which the county paid an assessment. 
They also asked that Tompkins and South streets be curbed, the county paying 
the proportion of expense usually paid by holders of frontage for like improve- 
ments. So far as is known to the committee, no action has been taken by the city. 

In carrying out the instructions of the board, there has been expended on 
the grounds by the committee: 
Allowed and paid by the board at the September meeting to Neeley I 

C. Woods for brick $ 304.02 

Sundry bills for sand, cinders, earth and labor 386.51 

Orders have been issued by the clerk since last meeting by direction of 

the committee for items of earth delivered, for grading and work 
' ' on court house grounds, as shown by clerk's report of orders issued, 

to the amount of 511-85 

There have been also presented at this meeting bills the the payment 

of which the committee has recommended 1,113.46 



'". ^' ^:'f.:: . ; $2,315-84 

. . , .V, ' \ W. SELDEN GALE, 

' '- '.::-:;;'';:. ^ -' .>...-, . ' R. w. MILES, 

!:; . L. A. TowNSEND, 

, ' ',";-''- ' . - '.- ' J.W.ANDREWS, ','': 

JAMES PADEN. 

On motion of Mr. McKee the foregoing report was accepted and the action 
of the committee in relation to the matters therein contained approved. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution which was adopted. -.!''.: { 

That the building committee be instructed to purchase suitable beds and bed- 
dings to lodge a jury in the court house. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution in regard to the enlargement of the 
jury box, which was adopted. 

' That the building committee be directed to secure a proper enlargement of the 
jury box in the circuit court room. 

April Meeting, 1888. Mr. Gale moved that the standing committees of the 
board be the same in number, name and duties as last year. 

Mr. May moved to amend by adding, except the building committee, and that 
that committee be dispensed with. I 

The ayes and nays being called for were taken with the following result: 

Ayes ^Messrs. Hunter, George, Boydstun, Rearick, Cooke, Sisson, May, 
Clark, Simpson, Sipherd, Stephenson, Allen, Rebstock, Becker, Mason, Baird, 
Shaffer, McCrea and Barlow 19. 

Nays Messrs. Latimer, Gale, McKee. Townsend, Robson, Andrews 6. 
Carried. 

And thereupon Mr. Gale's motion as amended was adopted. - >. 



;^^^:: ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : .}Vl ' J 113 

V;.:VV'--:-'/'\A_. ->;.-;.-^ : .;_: .:. ;';^f.-\- 

Mr. May moved a vote of thanks to the members of the board heretofore com- 
posing the building committee for their efficient and faithful services connected 
with the construction of the court house. Carried. 

Mr. Simpson moved that a committee of five be appointed on court house 
and grounds. Carried. . 1,. .';--; 

Mr. May moved that the committee be appointed by ballot. Carried. 

Mr. Steph(;nson moved that the five supervisors receiving the highest number 
of votes be Declared elected. Carried. 

The chairman appointed Mr. Richey and Mr. Stuckey tellers. ; /':;.?-.': 

There were twenty-four full votes cast for the committee and one blank. ^ 

Of which Mr. Gale received 20, Mr. Townsend 14, Mr. Robson 12, Mr. Sis- 
son 9, Mr. Miles 8, Mr. Rebstock 8, Mr. May 7 and the others scattering. 

Messrs. Gale, Townsend, Robson and Sisson, being the four receiving the 
highest number of votes, were declared elected. Messrs. Miles and Rebstock 
each receiving eight votes, Mr. Rebstock withdrew his name, and on his motion 
Mr. Miles was declared elected. 

April 1 8, 1888. Letter of Dawson & Anderson and agreement between Daw- 
son & Anderson, Pittsburg Bridge Co., and Eagle Iron Works in regard to final 
settlement of iron contracts for court house were read and referred to the same 
committee; also copy of letter of county clerk to Dawson & Anderson, showing 
statement of account in the matter of construction of court house. 

April 19, 1888. Statement of Dawson & Anderson asking for an allowance 
of $4,741.50, on account of errors in estimates and of items furnished but claimed 
not to be required by the contract for the construction of the court house was 
read. 

One P. M. The hour for the special order of the afternoon having arrived, 
Mr. E. A. Bancroft appeared and addressed the board in behalf of Dawson & 
Anderson. 

Mr. Bancroft having concluded his remarks, Mr. Latimer moved that the 
matter be referred to the committee on court house and grounds to report at next 
meeting of the board. . ''v/ - ^ : 

The ayei and nays being called for resulted as follows : 

Ayes Hunter, Latimer, George, Gale, Boydstun, McKee, Rearick, Cooke, 
Sisson, Townsend, Clark, Simpson, Sipherd, Robson, Stephenson, Rebstock, 
Becker, Andrews, Mason, Shaffer, Barlow, McCrea. . . '^ 

Nay Allen, ../ :^;-..- - /;-.v >-->::.';.;v;-.;:--;,v;v; - ->," /^-i' .. ;.' '^'-''' .'''" 
Tlje motion prevailed. 

Mr. Gale read the following report of the same committee in relation to mat- 
ters pending with Messrs. Dawson and Anderson. 

State of Illinois, ) 7- .ij'^^ ^-''V. x --'; \; .;.->;.. . '.'->- 

Knox County, j ^ ' , ; ; 

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS, APRIL TERM, APRIL i8, A. D. 1888. ; ' 
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: 

. -v'. Your committee on court house and grounds in the matter of claims con- 
. nected with the contract with Messrs. Dawson & Anderson, beg leave to report : 

It appears that the amount found due Dawson & Anderson in February, 1887, 
as appears by the record of the proceedings of the board, and by the account kept 
by the county clerk, was $i 17,797.19 

' ' ' 



^ tv; : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . . ' '^.'^ . 

'. ..'.;. ,i^. 'ixi;:t/' '. . ' " .' v - '^ .'' '' 

Less payments which to this date amount to 113,631.16 



Leaving a balance ....,,.' ...... i....$ 4,166.03 

which amount has been held back to indemnify the county against any possible 
claim against the county by parties sub-contractors for the iron work on the 
court house. i 

The papers referred to this committee show a settlement between these parties 
and Messrs. Dawson & Anderson. 

The committee recommend that these papers be filed and made matters of 
record and that orders issue in conformity to such settlement as follows: ).' . , 

To Eagle Iron Works, Detroit $3,750.00 

The Frost 'Manufacturing Co 136.83 

Williams, Lawrence & Bancroft lOO.OO 

Dawson & Anderson 179.20 

The committee further recommend that inasmuch as Messrs. Dawson & An- 
derson were entitled to receive the amount of $4,166.03 one year and more ago, 
and the amount has been withheld for the protection of the county, and it seems 
but just that interest be allowed for this detention; that a further order issue 
to Dawson & Anderson on account of interest to the amount of $250 or six per 
cent, on the amount due them last year. 

In the matter of petition of citizens who have sat on jury for enlargement 
of jury box, we recommend that the request be complied with. 
. All of which is respectfully submitted. . , ;;. ,'. Vr:.- ;,.; | 

V . W. SELDEN GALE. Chairman. 

DETROIT, MICH., MARCH 27th 1888. 
IV. Selden Gale, Esq., Chairman Building Committee and the Commissioners 

of Knox County, Galesburg, Illinois. -'' :'f^ ' .'. ::^ ^'; 'S'sCV'; '. ^X:' 1 

GENTLEMEN : We attach hereto authority to Dickenson and Thurber, of 
Detroit, Michigan, to settle for all claims in connection with the building of the 
court house on behalf of the Pittsburg Bridge Company; also enclose a letter 
directed to you signed by the Eagle Iron Works and Dickenson and Thurber, at- 
torneys for the Pittsburg Bridge Company, empowering our firm to 'make settle- 
ment with you and your county for all claims for building your court house 
at Galesburg; also enclose a letter from Messrs. Dawson and Anderson directed 
to you embodying an order that you pay to us the sxun of $3,750.00, and charge 
the same to their account. ; ,':...':;.': ;V^ : I 

Acting under the authorities shown by these letters we do hereby for and on 
behalf of the Eagle Iron Works, and on behalf of the Pittsburg Bridge Com- 
pany, fully and completely discharge you as chairman of the building committee, 
and the building committee of the county commissioners of Knox county, and 
the commissioners of Knox county and the county of Knox from all claims and 
demands whatsoever growing out of, or in any way connected with the building 
or building contracts for the building of the Galesburg court house. 

We trust this will enable you to call your committee together and act upon it. 
This discharge, however, to take effect only upon the acceptance and payment to 
us of the sum of $2.750, in accordance with the enclosed order of Dawson and 
Anderson, otherwise these papers to be returned to us. 



rv^v'>v'-^ ;/;.;;:: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V^:.';- 115 

- If you need anything further from us kindly inform us, or let your attorneys 
draw such papers as will answer the purpose. -' ; :":.' 

..-.V. ;';;:'. .;^ :. .r. V.. -^i ..;>.. Very truly yours, >:;,.. :."'V 

".--'.:-C^ '-''. ^^,'.''- .' .-^' ''';-;-'' ..^.. : MOORE & MOORE. /'^ 

' ''" ' -^v :f- V PiTTSBURG, March I7th, 1888. {'. 

Commissioners of Knox Co., Gdesburg, III. 

GENTLEMEN : We hereby appoint our attorneys, Messrs. Dickenson and Thur- 
ber, of Detroit, Mich., to receipt for us, and in our name, in full for all amounts 
due us on our claims against the Eagle Iron Works, Dawson & Anderson, and 
yourselves. 

. 'X '':'.''.'.,"' '.; ' .. ;V' .C:r."" ' V: Yours truly, :;?:.'!./:. -x:-- -'.--/..:"':::..; 

- ; .' ^ ^ ^ ;, .: THE PITTSBURG BRIDGE Co., , 

(SEAL) ;'-' . v - ; ': x^.' ' V; J- H. SAWYER, Sec'y. , 

' ' ; DETROIT, MICH., March 27, 1888. ;' 

W. Selden Gale, Esq., Chairman of Building Committee of Knox Co., III. 

DEAR SIR : Terms of settlement having been agreed upon between the Eagle 
Iron Works and ourselves for work done and material furnished by them for 
the Galesburg court house, you are hereby authorized to pay them or their order 
three thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars ($3,750), and charge same to our 
account. : 'V- :;>-.'^"': //;:;:>;.;;-:;/' -./'.^ .x;'-. . - '^:. "':':''..v^'- ' '^ '' 

- - " '. ; -^ ': ' Very truly yours, -v -' 

-'^ -''.'.''';' ^., --' '-V; "^ -'j ", . ,, DAWSON & ANDERSON. '' ; 

- : ;. /^ V -. - DETROIT, March 20, 1888. ^ 

W. Selden Gale, Esq., Chairman Building Committee, Galesburg, III. 

DEAR SIR : Terms of settlement having been agreed upon between ourselves, 
we hereby empower Moore & Moore to complete settlement with your county 
for all claims for building court house and to give full discharge therefor. 

Very truly yours, '> . ^ 

v/.^-'.: \ !...-; ^';'- '-';/:'>;,/ 1,'. ;'./;;' EAGLE IRON WORKS, -.^>' 

by C. J. O'HARA, Sec. and Treas. V 

Dickenson & Thurber, attorneys for Pittsburg Bridge Co. 

On motion of Mr. Cooke the foregoing report was adopted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. ;.;?;- ^ 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which on motion of Mr. McKee 
was adopted. 

That the committee on court house and grounds be authorized to procure an 
enlargement of the jury box in circuit court room. ' ; ' :' -./ 

A suitable book case to hold the law books owned by the county and kept for 
use of circuit court. . ... . 

A suitable case as asked for by county clerk for his office. '.'.''"' ''.'. 

Such furniture as may be necssary for sheriff's office. ' .';'.'/:. 

That the committee be authorized to make arrangements to procure water 
for use of court house from the city, and have the stone work of the court house 
repointed where needed. 

That the same committee be authorized to join the city in the construction of 
such walks as may be agreed on at the boundary of the county portion of pub- 
lic grounds. 

That the same committee be authorized to consent to such assessments by 



116 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ::->;''- 

the city as are just and proper for pavements and curbing adjacent to court 
house grounds, and be directed to protect the county from assessments which 
may seem to be unjust or of doubtful propriety. 

September Meeting, 1888. Mr. Gale presented the following report of the 
building committee which was read, and action thereon deferred until the next 
meeting of the board. :../'' '' .'. '-' ^V- 'i^ - : I; ; 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

The building committee, in reference to the claims of Dawson & Anderson, 
court house contractors, beg leave to report: 

Messrs. Dawson & Anderson claim an allowance not yet made them by the 
board of the sum of $1,741.50. This sum is composed of three items: i 

Concrete under inside foundation walls $570.00 

Basement floor 682.50 

Lime and cement in iron ceilings 489.00 

This is work the committee required, believing it necessary to the proper 
construction of the building, and claiming with some reason that it was included 
in the specifications and plans. The work was done by Dawson & Anderson un- 
der protest, they claiming their contract did not require it. The committee did 
not feel authorized to order or allow for extra construction, and after settling 
with the contractors for such claims as were indisputably due, referred these 
matters to the board, believing if it shall appear to the board, that the terms 
of the contract did not require the work, its necessity would be recognized, the 
action of the committee approved and payment ordered. Upon re-examination 
of the matter by the committee, under the reference made at the July meeting, the 
committee is satisfied that the right to demand this work is at least doubtful, 
that the contractors in bidding did not contemplate doing it, and in fact, have 
done the work without pay for it. 

They are of the opinion that there is at least a strong probability that the 
contractors can legally recover, and they recommend that these items be paid. 
These items include all that the contractors claim to be legally entitled to, be- 
yond the payments already received. 

They claim, however, that the county ought to allow them a further sum, a 
claim not based on any legal right, but due them on grounds of equity and fair 
dealing. 

Their bid for construction was accompanied by a schedule in which was 
set down the estimated cost of each item of work and material. The amount 
bid was the sum total of these items, with addition of 5 per cent, to cover cost of 
superintendence and contingent expenses. In this schedule there were three 
important omissions. 

Nothing was set down for the gallery front which cost them $ 770.00 ,. 

The iron door of the vault costing i lo.oo , 

The dial faces in the tower costing 120.00 



Total $1000.00 

The bid was further reduced in amount by an error in addition, the plaster- 
ing being carried with the column of totals $2,000 less than the estimate. 

As to these claims the committee made no recommendation. They do not 
believe that the county can be legally obliged to make any allowance for these 



;X v' : < ^ ;^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ - 117 

errors of calculation. The appeal is made by them to a sense of justice and 
such an appeal should be answered by each member of the board for himself, re- 
garding, as he should, the opinion and wishes of his constituents. 

It may be said in behalf of the contractors, the woodwork in the building 
being very superior, both in workmanship and material, and although the con- 
tractors succeeded in getting it very cheaply, considering its character, its cost 
to the contractors, aside from the gallery front, exceeded the estimate in the 
schedule, and it is the opinion of that member of the committee, who is best 
qualified to judge of such work, Mr. Robson, that the contract might have been 
filled with work sufficiently inferior and cheaper to have saved the loss, even 
including the gallery front. The vault door is very cheap the result of a for- 
tunate opportunity to buy at a bargain. \. j 

The contractors have been held to a rigid performance of the contract to 
a degree unusual in public work. They have done honest and faithful work. 
If all their claims were allowed, the cost of the building to the county would 
be less than anybody else offered to do the same work for. The contractors 
would still be large losers, and the committee do not believe the work could 
have been done, and as well done by anybody at the cost. . ., . . ,.. 

Respectfully submitted, ' i '.- v " v 

'.,;-.;_'.;.-....'' .-:;".'';'/ ;;.;':-; W. SELDEN GALE, .^'v"'^:, :.,;: 

^-'.' V.' '" ''':'-.''. '';'. ' .';' ^ /,- -.;..;-. ". '\.-i^:V' LEON A. TOWNSEND, ^-'^-^^ 
-;, '':-',;-. '.. ': '';'' - ;'^-:: .'^;v"' 'c :'^ V :'' '" V ; . WM. ROBSON, .. . .^ ..;.,/;; I ; 

; .'''':. :;"".: ..?'.'-.; ;'. .r''; ...;::;;' ^-Cv.;,:; v^^-^-v^'-; '' ' ^ R. w. MILES, -'.;''''. ^v'i-Vi^V-'' 

^' ' ;-^ ";-.: :.'::;; .-:- '':"''.':. c' ' H. M. SiSSON. """ ' "'''.'"" 

January Meeting, 1889. On motion of Mr. Gale, the report of the build- 
ing committee in relation to Dawson & Anderson, filed at the last meeting of 
the board, was taken up for consideration and read by the clerk. 

Mr. Gale moved that the three items : ;:--.* N, v 

Concrete under interior walls of court house $ 570.00 

Concrete floor in basement of court house 682.50 

And a difference in cost of concrete used over iron arches in the 

court house over that claimed to be required by the contract 489.00 

And aggregating 1741.50 

be allowed and paid, on condition that the amount be received in full of all claims, 
whatsoever, by said Dawson & Anderson against Knox county, on acconut of 
the construction of the court house and of all matters growing out of the same. 
Carried. 

Mr. Gale read the following report of the committee on building and grounds : 
State of Illinois, ) ,..,:-.-.- . ,. ' .-. .- 

I QQ _'. . ' '-. f' .'.'.'''' . . - _ :','', ~. ' '- ' '"..'' * . -^ '.- .-.,.' 

Knox County, j " '- ;.....--.. 

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS, J.\NUARY SESSION, JANUARY 9, A. D., 1889. ?' , ,; 
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: ;";,. .. . 

Your committee on building claims would beg leave to report that they have 
examined all claims presented to them, and recommend the payment of the fol- 
lowing, and that the clerk be directed to issue orders on the county treasurer to 
the claimants for the several amounts allowed as follows, to-wit: - 

Conant Bros. Furniture Co., jury box, bill $28.15, allow $ 23.65 

Same, new furniture for offices 743.67 



; ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :::\ : - ^- ^ ;; " 

'. " . '- . ' '..- '-' 

/ Robert A. Ross, setting up furniture ................. ".'. .,'... 1 . . . 10.45 

- , Parry & Stevens, work on jury box 17-42 

, All of which is respectfully submitted, ' ^ ?.,: 'r', 

^ . :.v:.^., . ;; ' - W, SELDEN GALE, 

'-''-. '.:?^.'--;>:;^';; .. ' .'':,',/-""':'.'''.. R. W. MILES, 
V ' ' '"^ ' ' ' ' H. M. SISSON. 

On motion of Mr. Sisson, the foregoing report was accepted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 

At the January meeting, 1889, a final report of the committee on buildings 
and grounds was made and a final payment was made Dawson & Anderson, 
general contractors on account of the building. Final settlement was also made 
for furniture and putting same in place. These two payments were the final 
payments and completed the building so far as it had been planned up to that 
time. 

At the April meeting, 1889, there was a reorganization of the committees, 
when the committee on buildings and grounds was dropped. ;v "';;.;- j 

Full reports of the progress of the work on this court house have been in- 
corporated in this history, but we deem it a matter of historic value to add a 
complete copy of the annual report of the county clerk, which was submitted 
to the board of supervisors at the September meeting, 1889, as it shows the 
financial condition of Knox county after the payment of every bill incurred in 
the construction of the court house. Not a bond had been issued in aid of 
this construction. An annual tax, sufficient to care for the annual progress 
in the work on the building, had been levied and many of the tax payers of the 
county found it difficult to believe that the work was completed and paid for. 
There was cash on hand September i, 1884, the sum of $23,089.36. The board 
made a levy that fall of $80,000 for all purposes. Out of this all bills for 
court house construction were paid besides all bills for the current expenses 
for the county the ensuing year, leaving $22,034.43 on hand, September i, 1885. 
The city of Galesburg owed the county $10,000 for the fire-proof, which would 
make $32,034.43 at the disposal of the county board for the ensuing year. The 
board thereupon again levied $80,000 for all purposes, which made an aggre- 
gate of $113,034.43, with which to pay current expenses and work on the court 
house from September i, 1885 to September i, 1886. The financial statement 
for September 1886, shows amount on hand $13,474.75. It was thought best 
to levy a tax for $80,000, which would make an entire clean-up of all expendi- 
tures on account of the new court house and all furnishings connected there- 
with. This was done and the following report shows the result: | 

September, 1889. The following is the county clerk's annual statement : 

. GALESBURG, 111., Sept. lo, 1889. 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

. I herewith present the county treasurer's financial statement for the year 
ending September i, 1889, showing cash on hand $18,788.62. This amount ac- 
cording to past experience will probably be sufficient to pay all demands upon 
the treasury until receipts are realized from the collection of taxes. 

The proceedings of the board have been published and distributed as pro- 
vided by law. 

It will be remembered that Dawson & Anderson claimed a balance due them 



-'^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -'^ 119 

of about $4,840.50, which the board had refused to allow. At the Januaty 

-: meeting of 1889, the matter was again considered, and three items of said claun. 

aggregating $1,741.50, were allowed on condition that the amount be received 

; in full of all claims whatsoever by said Dawson & Anderson against Knox 

: county on account of the construction of the court house, and of all matters 

'1 growing out of the same. The amount was paid and accepted on the terms 

named. The sheriff's office has also been equipped with furniture at a cost 

; of $313.17. At the July meeting of 1887, a detailed statement of orders issued 

;.. on account of court house construction was presented and published, aggregat- 

' ing $146,453.51. All orders issued since then have been published in detail, 

. but it will doubtless be interesting to the board and the people to see a sum- 

;. mary of the whole thing, including the items above mentioned. I therefore 

: V present them as follows, viz: . .^';: ";.;',';.. .:: -'C'-V; 

-. Court house $120,293.59 ''; 

_ ; Steam heating 7,072.67 >; 'X^ 

; , ; Architect 4,120.25 :; ":^ ; 

Advertising 81.50 ' . ./ 

::;x Cisterns 3O375 x.:' : 

. :. Furniture 10,601.12 K / 

, , Superintendent 2,853.50 .*-, 

. -. Building committee 3,160.83 . : 

Grading 2,607.16 - ^>:/ 

Sundry expenses 1.049.88 ' .' : 

'V Gas fixtures 908.06 '.:''':-'!: 

Mantels 706.00 ^V.; 

: ; Walks 1,941.74 ''':]: 

Carpets 560.95 ; ;- : 



Total $156,261.00 ' 

The ordinary accumulation of papers and files has made it necessary to pro- 
cure some furniture not included in the above. They are omitted because they are 
such as will be called for from time to time in the future, and are not properly 
chargeable to the account of construction, unless the account is to be kept open for 
all time, as is the practice of railway companies. ?;;;- .: ;: 

The following is a statement of the amount of claims allowed during the year 
compared with those allowed during the year 1888. It should be borne in mind 
that in making these statements, the year is reckoned from September ist to Sep- 
tember ist: 

-^''..^-..^:''''^-.-:\^:--^'----''^'.::'-:^--.':^^^^^ l888 ^ /;- 1889 ' 

Salary for county judge $ 1,500.00 $ 1,500.00 

Miscellaneous bills, including supervisors' services .... 2,549.32 1,834.48 

Judiciary and clerk's offices 3,512.27 2,845.22 

Jail and jail expenses 5,871.70 7,031.35 

Jurors circuit court, orders paid 5,579-O5 4,703.55 

Jurors county court, orders paid 444.10 520.50 

Foreign witnesses 129.06 295.50 

Roads and bridges 2,906.00 1,936.95 

Alms house and farm .' 10,978.29 9,579-93 



120 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ - : ' 

Outside pauper claims 2,023.73 1,447.94 

Charitable institutions 687.03 . 615.31 

Stationery and printing 1,803.21 1,977.06 

Wolf bounty 360.00 127.00 

Janitor 1,200.00 1,200.00 

Election 1,483.50 

Fuel 549.70 . 580.97 

Refunding taxes ii-77 ^- "''- 3.27 

Interest account 95-O2 23.43 

Court house 4,4i7-53 i,74i-5O 

Walks 1,780.64 . 152.50 

Grading 460.60 

Building committee 308.30 i3-6o 

Carpet 560.95 

Court reporter 630.25 . . 685.00 

Court house and grounds 499-52 

Furniture for sheriff's office . \-^ 3^3-^7 

Attorney's fees, injunction suit 150.00 

Criminal costs Henry Co 120.05 



$48,478.57 $4i,;36i.25 

It is gratifying to note that the expenditures of the county have returned to 
a normal figure ; that even with the purchase of nearly $800 worth of new furni- 
ture and the payment of $1,740 to Dawson & Anderson, the amount expended is 
somewhat below the usual levy of six years ago. 

It would seem that a levy of $40,000 would be sufficient for the year. ' 
It is with pain that I mention the fact that the office of the clerk of the cir- 
cuit court became vacant by the death of Mr. Josiah Gale by a railroad accident 
near Esterbrook in the state of Colorado on the 29th of August last. The sad 
news reached us in the forenoon of the 3Oth. His honor. Judge Glenn, of the 
circuit court, was appraised of the occurrence and after consultation with the 
attorneys and others interested, the appointment of Mr. George W. Gale, brother 
of deceased, to fill vacancy until a successor shall be elected, was made by Judges 
Glenn and Pleasants, and the governor was notified of their act. 

Respectfully submitted, ! 

' . ; : 'v- /: ' ''_.'::.-' ALBERT J. PERRY, County Clerk, ':_... 

Thus was completed and equipped with every convenience for the county of 
Knox an elegant court house, thoroughly well built in every particular, for the 
sum of $156,261.00. It has one fault. It was thought that glass was more ex- 
pensive than stone, the windows were made small to lessen the cost and there- 
fore the halls and some of the rooms are rather dark. With larger windows the 
building would be almost faultless. 

The writer here desires to make a few statements in addition to all the record 
history given in relation to the building of this court house. At the commence- 
ment of this work the board of supervisors was composed of the following indi- 
viduals: . . ,^ . : -. 

M. B. Harden, from Indian Point township. - :;.;.;'.;.;';; 

J. S. Latifner, from Cedar township. , :?.:;.' 



:- '\V HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - 3- 121 

James Paden, from Galesburg township. ,- ; . ;-- ' x/: 

W. Selden Gale, from city of Galesburg township. - '\ ,:.'.';,' 

Milo D. Cooke, from city of Galesburg township. . ;; ; .'.. , 

S. H. Olson, from city of Galesburg township, '.j; - - /' \. 

Thomas McKee, from city of Galesburg township, n'v. . - / 

Geo. W. Foote, from city of Galesburg township. - ; '! / . 

Samuel Rankin, from Henderson township. ' .; . , 

Samuel W. May, from Rio township. ;.' \;^v . . ?:.;:;; 

Leon A. Townsend, from Chestnut township. .; .. .; . . :..... . .-.. 

:.-.'.; -.-;. . ' . : -r, '_> -. 

Luther Clark, from Orange township. . i ^^ ,; . '1 

A. G. Charles, from Knox township. ' '=/.. ; ^ = / ' 

Harvey Montgomery, from Knox township. ; .' ' ''" 

William Robson, from Sparta township. , . > ^ :- ;..-?: 

J. W. Allen, from Ontario township. v^^'-y'; ':',.::>:' . - ^^ 

Joshua Boynton, from Maquon township. ' ' . ^i ' t : . 

James Rebstock, from Haw Creek township. ; . ' : -f ' . . J 

E. J. Wyman, from Persifer township. ;:/V;,..h/ : - V 

Wm. H. Leighton, from Copley township. . r , ' . 

John W. Andrews, from Walnut Grove township. i-.: r -.^ '.:.;> 

John Sloan, from Salem township. - '-,''..' 

A. G. Mathews, from Elba township. '::';'.'., , ;;.... 

W. H. Parker, from Truro township. ..--.'.., : ^ 

r' .* '" . . '-''-.- , ' "^ '- .'-'>' . 

C. P. Sansbury, from Victoria township. ;: .;;^^';::r^ .^;: - ' ^r / 

W. B. Todd, from Lynn township. '' ' ' . - . 

Mr. R. G. Mathews was elected chairman and the building committee was 
composed of the following persons : Sloan, Robson, Gale, Charles, Harden, Leigh- 
ton. In 1885 Mr. Miles was placed on the building committee in the place of 
Charles, not in the board. In 1886 Mr. Townsend was placed on the building 
committee in the place of Harden, not re-elected. In 1887 Mr. Andrews was 
placed on the committee in the place of Miles and Mr. Miles was added to the 
committee by vote of the board. In 1888 the name of the committee was changed 
to court house and grounds. The new committee consisted of Gale, Robson. 
Townsend, Sisson and Miles. It will be seen that Mr. Gale and Mr. Robson were 
the only members who remained on the committee from the beginning until the 
completion of the court house. The only members who are still living who were 
on the board at the time the work was begun are S. H. Olson, Samuel Rankin, 
Samuel W. May, Leon A. Townsend, Harvey Montgomery, James Rebstock and 
John W. Andrews seven members still living and nineteen gone to their long 

home. [-.':.:. ^. ^.'' ['":-.-'::::'--:,.' \-.'^.- ''./-...: '.' 

As already stated, it was the writer's privilege to have been county clerk and 
clerk of the board of supervisors during the period of court house construction, 
and therefore to have been intimately acquainted with all of these men, and he 
feels at liberty to speak somewhat freely in regard to them. The long contest 
over the removal of the county seat from Knoxville to Galesburg had divided 
the county into two opposing camps, each camp made up of selected men who 
were elected for the express purpose of looking closely after that one interest. 
The board contained an unusual proportion of bracing men. It ranked high for 
its business capacity and strict integrity. Not a man was placed there through 



\%>;--:\. ,'- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 'v^-V-^v- ;/';:; 

his own machinations, but purely because the people wanted him. It is doubtful 
if the legislature of the state of Illinois, or in fact any other state, ever contained 
a higher percentage of upright and capable men. Each man had fought to the 
limit for the people he represented in the county seat contest, and when the bat- 
tle was over and the order to build was voted, there was not a single obstructionist 
in the board, but all turned their attention and their best efforts to securing a 
good building at the lowest price. Not one dollar of graft was ever paid to any- 
one on account of any work connected with that job. The actual cost of the 
building was about $7,co more than the county paid for it, and it was only by 
the careful management of the building committee that the job was completed at 
all by the contractors. If the committee had done differently, the contractors 
would have failed before the close of the year 1885, and the work have been re- 
let to some other parties at a jnuch higher price. The contract provided that 
monthly estimates of work done should be made and paid for, less 15% to be 
retained by the committee. It soon became evident that the stone work would 
cost many thousands of dollars more than was bid, and that if the contract were 
adhered to strictly, the work could not be finished. It was made to appear to 
the committee that a good profit would come to the contractor in the plastering, 
glass, iron and woodwork. This work was to be done and paid tor later, so the 
committee, rather than bankrupt the contractor at the start, take the job off his 
hands and find some other way to complete it, chose to pay the full amount of 
each monthly estimate, and on one occasion overpaid the sum of $2,cxx). This 
assistance enabled the contractor to complete the job, but owing to his mistakes 
in figuring, omissions and possibly bad management, his profits on the other 
classes of work did not make him whole. 

The next work of importance connected with the court house, was the instal- 
lation of the electric lighting plant, the telephone system and the remodelling of 
the heating plant, which covers the extension of these three conveniences to the 
jail. If the board had realized the full cost of this work, it is somewhat doubtful 
whether it would have been done, but they are very great conveniences, we 
may almost say necessities, under the modern way of living and doing business. 
After more or less discussion in the board, the work was begun in the summer of 
1906, and the first report was made to the board at the September meeting. These 
reports are sufficiently explicit to show the improvements and are therefore 
given without further comment. 

December Meeting, 1906. Your committee on the installation of the electric 
light and power plant have examined the report of Adkins-Smeeton Co., and find : 

1. That there is an error in said report in stating the cost of the light and 
power plant and the office telephone system as follows : The item amounting to 
$557.95, with credits of $134.52, leaving a balance of $423.43, in the bill of Henry 
Newgard & Co., is stated in the auditors' report to be for "extra work, feeders 
underground," whereas, the bill of this item shows that every dollat- thereof was 
for material for the underground system and none of it for labor. 

This error is misleading in that it apparently increases the labor bill by the 

sum of $423.43. ^- ; :.:.;;;;:';'-'::' .-,:,:-;;; .>.'': -TV 

2. We further note that the auditors' report shows an alleged overcharge 
for labor on the jail feeders of $1,114.83. 

In order to reach this result, the auditors have, evidently by unintentional 



;:;;;;-:->'.:'' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; :; - 

mistake, duplicated an item of $799.50, expended for labor, charging this amount 
first to the telephone system, and again afterwards to the jail feeders. 

The auditors' report makes an "analysis of cost," in which the total cost 
of the telephone system is figured at $1712. In this amount is included a bill of 
Henry Newgard and Co., for $1542.85, consisting of materials amounting to 
$514.35, and labor as follows: .. ^- </ ; ^; x-; :^:\f ;^''::'v . -. -; " ^ 

Colly, 282 hours $211.50 

X, Nordberg, 365 hours 219.00 ' 

; : Hall, 333 hours 199.80 

I Johnson, 284 hours 1 13.60 y 

; : Krouse, 280 hours 168.00 C; 

; >: Crane, 224 hours 89.60 ^^ 

; :J Allen, 2 hours 1.20 .:V; 

Carpenter, i8 hours io.8o 

Plasterers, 25 hours 15.00 ' 



" ' ' Total :', V. $1,028.50 ' '' 

When the auditors come to analyze the cost of the jail feeders, they again in-; 
elude a labor item amounting to $799.50. This item consists of the same labor 
above mentioned and already charged to the telephone system, apparently as fol- 
lows : 

Colly, 282 hours $21 1.50 . v 

Nordberg, 365 hours 219.00 ' '^ 

Hall, 333 hours 199.80 :':. 

.'. Krouse, 280 hours i68.oo / 

;. Allen, 2 hours 1.20 



Total $799-50 

Thus according to the auditors' "analysis," this item of $799.50 is duplicated 
and charged to the jail feeders when in fact it has already been charged to the 
telephone system. In this way, by adtling this sum of $799.50 to the correct bill 
for the jail feeders which amounts to $448.16, the auditors' report figures the total 
labor cost of the jail feeders to be $1,247.66, or nearly three times the true amount 
thereof. 

It is therefore evident that the auditors' finding as to the over charge of labor, 
being based on these incorrect figures, is also incorrect. .: 

3. We further report that in figuring the alleged overcharge the auditors have 
estimated the labor cost on the jail feeders to amount to $138.83. This estimate 
is not based on any inspection of the work actually done, nor upon any expert 
knowledge of its cost or its value, but is based solely upon an estimate as to the 
time required for the work apparently founded on Mr. Allen's report. Mr. Allen's 
report in this particular is evidently defective and incomplete, inasmuch as the 
auditors estimate the time of work required on the jail feeders at 271^ hours when 
it is evident to any one who will carefully inspect the work, that it could not, by 
any possibility, have been completed in that length of time. -. . . . : 

Your committee further calls the attention of the board to the fact that the 
total labor cost on the jail feeders is $448.16 instead of $1,247.66. as stated in the 
auditors' report ; that this item of $448.16 includes not only the digging of the ditch 



124 V : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; ^ . 

for the conduits, but also cutting through the heavy foundations of the court 
house and jail, repairing the same with concrete and cement, and putting them in 
as good condition as before, taking up and relaying the side walk in three places, 
taking up and relaying the pavement on Cherry street, which was crossed diag- 
onally, and the placing and tamping down of three iron pipes constituting the 
conduit. This work was done in the winter when the ground was frozen and in 
refilling the trench, the dirt had to be dissolved in water. In addition to the 
cost of laying the conduit there was the labor of pulling the cable and wires 
through the conduits and putting them in place. 

-^ ;;.. ^ ;. JAMES A. EPPERSON, 

''.'/'' J':>-'-r, ' \ ,/,.'; ; /. -'^ E. V. ALLEN, 

E. P. ROBSON. 

An extended discussion followed relative to matters pertaining to the special 
reports of the lighting committee by Supervisors McDowell, Gale, Latimer, 
Robson, Epperson, McWilliams and Burkhalter. 

On motion of Mr. McWilliams the board adjourned until one o'clock p. ni. 

One o'clock p. m. Board met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present Same as this forenoon. .''-. : - ^ V,:- > ;'':.n ':'!' ' 

Mr. Robson of the jail committee then made further verbal statements rela- 
tive to the lighting plant for the court house and jail and the discussion of that 
subject and the telephone system was resumed by various members of the 
board. 

December meeting, 1906. Statement of the cost of the purchase and in- 
stallation of the electric light and power plant for the court house and jail and 
telephone system for same buildings. 

Contract price with Henry Newgard & Co., which included wiring of 
' buildings, engine, generator and storage battery, and the connecting 

of the engine with the steam plant of the court house $ 5.311.00 

Extra on larger engine and generator than stated in original contract 150.00 

Contract price with David J. Braun Mfg. Co., fixtures 2,834.20 

Hanging fixtures (Henry Newgard & Co.) not in original contract.. 200.00 
Material and labor on underground conduits not contemplated when |- . 

original specifications were made 871.59 

Light bulbs, glass shades, and fuses, not included in contract 594.48 



Total cost of lighting plant $9,961.27 

Material and labor necessary for repairing and remodeling the steam 
plant and placing same in safe condition for furnishing power, 
which said material and labor was found to be necessary only after 
the work of connecting the steam plant with the engine was begun $ 2,635.25 

The telephone system, which was a separate job from the others and 
not contemplated when the original contract was let, was installed 
along with the wiring for lighting plant because deemed an econ- 
omy of time and labor $ 1,712.60 

Edwin A. Allen, superintendent, which item of cost covers the super- T 
intendence and inspection of the three foregoing jobs, viz: wiring 
and installing of electric plant, hanging fixtures, remodeling heat- 
ing plant, and installation of telephone system 654.28 



/^;'-'^;':v;.;''v.;;--:.'v.; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^,;v - ;^;.;;; 
Extra janitor service 664.90 



Total cost of lighting and power plant, heating plant and telephone. $15,628.30 
One bill, "Job No. 8888 contract" included in auditors' 

report and which bill is not allowed or to be allowed. .$74.62 ',;.; 
Error in statement of American Electric Supply Co., and ;; i'' 

. amount actually paid i .00 75-^2 

Making the total as per auditors' report $15,703.92 

. The bills for all the above amounts, and the receipts for the payments 
thereon, or for county orders issued therefor are on file in the county clerk's 
office. 

Out of the total cost of the lighting plant, $9,961.27, there might be de- 
ducted an amount of about $2,500.00, being the estimated cost of engine, gen- 
erator and storage battery, making a cost of $7,461.27 as the amount necessary 
to have been expended in order to purchase electric current. 

Amounts paid Galesburg Gas & Electric Light Company for lighting county 
^ail and court house : 

. ; .. For the year 1901 $ 643.38 V /-:, 

For the year 1902 882.10 . .y;' '.. 

: For the year 1903 947-54 ^: 7'$.; 

; For the year 1904 1,023.10 'v'",' 

For the year 1905 1,253.26 r^ - 

''>"'V'' ^'- ; . ''...':' - - V- '.^"-'f' :''.-'.,;:..;;/;'.{... JAS. A. EPPERSON, '".:.".'-/;''' 

'^. '^." ''.'_; . "''.-''"';.'-;'''.'- V'^X. /-'.-;' E. p. ROBSON, - . . \:- ?''V''^ 

;:';;./.;.. ',.:'^V ' ' - , .^V7''v'''' '''';.' Vv-V, J. L. MclLRAVY, ;';;V 

'''::'"'''''/'.':','' '.. X"'--''''^r'/';"r''^';''^'. !'''"" \:' J- L. BURKHALTER, '^:',-:;., 

':-i^V '.;'.. ". : ' : , '. .";--/.;!>v:. ':.':.'' ,:-:-V.:;>,--^;, E. V. ALLEN, "/\^-'',--' 

''. '.''''':' /." -';'-^- '.-i'-' ".'.^' ' '. .''..^'-^'--''''' --...-.. Committee. : . 



;. ; " FIRE PROOF BUILDING KNOXVILLE ;;^-l:- 

An account of the construction of the building known as the fire proof at 
Knoxville may properly be considered as a supplement to the account of court 
house building. It was begfun in the summer of 1854 and was settled for in full 
February 9, 1856, although the receipt was not filed until the May meeting, 1856. 

The following is the brief record history of the construction of this building: 

June meeting, 1854. At the June meeting of the board of supervisors 1854 
bids for the construction of fire proof offices were presented, opened and acted 
upon as follows: 

The board in pursuance to notice given now proceeded to open the bids for 
building fire proof offices, two bids only were offered, Samuel Fox having made a 
bid for building the said offices of $5,375.00 and Edson Huggins for the sum of 
$5,700.00. : . 

On motion of Mr. Reynolds it was voted that the bid of Samuel Fox for 
the fire proof offices be referred to the committee on public buildings to consult 
with Mr. Fox in regard to the payments and the time of completing the same, etc. 



126 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

; The committee on public buildings and grounds to whom was referred the 
proposition and to consult with Mr. Fox in reference to the building fire proof 
offices now filed a report which was read and adopted by the board. 

Resolved, That the bid of Samuel Fox be accepted upon the basis of the re- 
port submitted this morning, in relation to the fire proof buildings, and that Z. 
Cooley be appointed to superintend the building, construction and completion of 
the same, and that the committee on public buildings close the contract, and take 
bond of the contractor. 

Mr. Gale moved to lay the resolution on the table till the next September 
meeting of this board. ' %. ; - . ' .v; - "H.V -'-'r ; .J v/M-.'. i 

Mr. Reynolds called for the yeas and nays on the motion, which resulted 
as follows : 

- Yeas W. S. Gale, J. McMurtry, R. Heflin, T. H. Taylor, J. Hammond, J. 
G. Hamrick, G. W. Manley, J. H. Nicholson. Nays Daniel Meek, H. A. Kelly, 
S. Collins, H. G. Reynolds, Wm. M. Dark, I. O. Stanley, A. Ward, M. B. Mason, 
T. H. Ross, J. L. Jarnagin, Jonathan Gibbs. 

The vote was then taken by yeas and nays on the passage of the resolution 
which resulted as follows: - I 

Yeas D. Meek, H. A. Kelly, S. Collins, H. G. Reynolds, Wm. M. Clark, 
I. O. Stanley, A. Ward, M. B. Mason, T. B. Ross, J. L. Jamagin, Jonathan 
Gibbs. Nays W. S. Gale. J. McMurtry, R. Heflin, T. H. Taylor, J. Hammond, 
J. G. Hamrick, G. W. Manley, J. H. Nicholson. 
: Resolution adopted. .:';;. :^ .: 'V >..,.,:;:,'.',,. |. O 

By the December meeting the construction of the fire proof building had 
reached a point where the board of supervisors found it advisable to adopt the 
following resolution : 

On motion it is ordered that the superintendent of the building of the fire 
proof offices be authorized to draw orders in favor of Samuel Fox from time 
to time in such sums as he shall judge advisable in accordance with the contract 
between said Fox and the building committee. 

The board of supervisors again took action on the fire proof building at the 
January meeting 1856, as follows: . :. :.- .| ; 

To the Hon. Body of Supervisors of Knojc county, III.: 

Report of the committee to whom was appointed to examine the account of 
Samuel Fox in building of the fire proof building do report that we have exam- 
ined said account and find according to the best information we can get to be 
correct, the said Fox agrees to have the two offices ready for occupancy in two 
weeks and to have the building completed by the ist day of May for the per- 
formance of which he agrees to give sufficient security, in consideration of which 
your committee recommend that the board of supervisors make a final settle- 
ment with said Fox and allow him over and above his account $500 for his time 
and work not presented in his bill. Your committee find from examination of 
the building and all the information that we can get that the work is done in the 
most satisfactory manner. " '. '^ -: 

Knoxville, July 15, 1856. . ; v'" 

. , GEO. A. CHARLES, 

,: '-^..^ %:,;;-V^ , ' : "' . ] -^'; '-' -.' F. B. ROSS, ,^> 

.'.-:-';':'' -.''"'..':'' I. R. JOHNSTON, ^^ 

.-. ".T.'^"..'' .-. ' ' ^ . . ' , '.- - ,-'-' , ,' '' ;." '-'.:.' Committee. 



V: ;/:>;:::/,:- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . f-'^' 

Mr. Gale moved that Mr. Fox be allowed $500 above the contract price, $350 
to be paid now and $150 on the completion of the building. . r 

Mr. Johnston moved to amend the motion of Mr. Gale by substituting the 
report of the committee. 

Motion on the amendment carried. ' . . -..-i 

Moved that the report of the committee be adopted and that Samuel Fox 
be allowed $1,167.39 above the contract price. Adopted. -^ .,-.;:;. :.v:-v' 

ORDERED : That Geo. A. Charles be and he is appointed by the board to settle 
with Samuel Fox on the completion of the fire proof offices according to contract. 
' On the 7th of January, 1856, the fire proof building was again the subject of 
action by the board : ' ; 

ORDERED: That Messrs. Morey and Cooley be authorized to have the fire proof ' 
office fitted in a suitable manner and render bill at the next meeting of this board. 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of Geo. A. 
Charles for twenty-seven hundred dollars to pay to Samuel Fox on his con- 
tract for building the fire proof offices upon said Fox filing and giving good 
security for the finishing of said offices to be by him approved. 

May meeting, 1856. Geo. A. Charles, who was appointed at the last meet- 
ing of the board (in January last) to settle with Samuel Fox for building the 
clerk's offices and to whom an order was passed by this board at that time for 
the sum of twenty-seven hundred dollars for the purpose of making such set- ,. 
tlement upon said Fox completing his contract, now files and presents to the 
board receipts from said Fox for said sum which receipts are in the words and 
figures following: '.'...; 

It appears that Mr. Charles paid Samuel Fox upon said fire proof building 
on February 9, 1856, the sum of $2,700 and receipts for the same having been 
presented to the court his report of settlement with said Fox was received and 
the following order entered: > 1 

On motion it is ordered that the report of Geo. A. Charles in the business of 
settling with Samuel Fox be received and that he be discharged. 

This building was used as a fire-proof depository for the valuable records 
of Knox county from the time of its completion until February, 1873, ^ period 
of about seventeen years, when the county seat was removed to Galesburg. 
The books were then put into a building also called the fire-proof, situated on 
South Cherry street on the lot now occupied by the new city hall. This build- - ' 
ing was used for the safe keeping of the county records until the new court 
house was ready for occupancy. The county offices moved into the new court v' 
house about January 5, 1887. : . ;..-:- .T^- . .: , -^ - -::=, .^ S;; '.- 



;x'>.r'.V^^> ;V / ; . THE COUNTY SEAT FIGHT . 

The struggle for the final location of the seat of justice of Knox county 
was characterized by much the same tactics on the two sides as has always 
attended such social wars. It has been related in this history that the first 
courts and elections were held at the house of John B. Gum, Esq.. who resided 
on Section 32 in Henderson township at that time. On March 24, 1830, Rees 



128 .: . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -X;;!^ 

Jones was employed to go to Springfield, Illinois, to purchase the southwest 
quarter of Section 28, Knox township, which had been designated by law for 
the permanent seat of justice for the county. This land was bought and paid 
for and the court house and jail erected upon it. A portion, at least, of the land 
so purchased was surveyed into streets and lots and sold at auction and thus 
the town of Henderson (afterwards the name was changed to Knoxville) was 
started as the permanent "seat of justice." The town of Galesburg was started 
in 1836. Knox college was chartered in 1837 and thus there ^yas established a 
competitor with Knoxville only five miles away. Both towns increased in pop- 
ulation at about the same rate and did not differ very much until the advent of 
the railroads in 1854 as the result of negotiations which had been in progress 
for three or four years. No sooner had the railroad reached Galesburg than she 
turned her covetous eyes to the county seat and quietly laid plans for wresting 
the prize from Knoxville. The centering of the railroads from the north, south, 
east and west and the location of shops and round houses at Galesburg gave the 
town a boom that raised the population rapidly, doubling that of Knoxville sev- 
eral times. 

From that time on may be seen in the acts of the board of supervisors, 
sometimes dimly, sometimes vividly, the out-cropping of this contest, each side 
taking the aggressive and acting upon the defensive as the case demanded. The 
aggressive policy of Galesburg was directed to an increase of its power and 
influence in the county board ; its defensive policy to prevent all further im- 
provements at Knoxville. The policy of Knoxville was upon the whole de- 
fensive in resisting the growth of the power and influence of Galesburg. Both 
parties sought legislative relief ; Galesburg by obtaining a bill for the division of 
the township from the city in such a way as to increase its representation in 
the county board ; Knoxville by inserting a clause in the new constitution touch- 
ing the removal of county seats from a point away from the center of the 
county to a point nearer the center of the county. T ' - 

Quite a large part of this struggle will be found in the chapters on court 
houses, jails and the alms house and poor farm. This chapter gives those pro- 
ceedings of the county board which have a more direct bearing on the conflict 
and it is therefore given under the heading "The County Seat Fight." The 
first move was made by Galesburg in the spring of 1856. ; ,:.;. 

At the spring election of 1856 an assistant supervisor for the town of Gales- 
burg was voted for. Samuel W. Brown was elected and he presented his cer- 
tificate of election at a special May meeting of the board and the following 
action was taken. ' . - v; , : ^ . ^ I ' 

Samuel W. Brown now presents to the board his certificate of election as as- 
sistant supervisor of the town of Galesburg, together with a list of legal voters 
of said township made under the authority of the township officers with the ap- 
pointment of said officers to take the same from which it appears that said town- 
ship contained 829 legal voters on the ist day of April last when on motion it 
was voted that Samuel W. Brown be entitled to his seat as a member of this 
board. 

January, 1866. Mr. Gale presented a petition of citizens of Galesburg asking 
a division of said town, which on motion of Mr. Gale was referred to a committee, 
the chair appointing Messrs. Gale, \^aughn and Dunlap, with instructions to re- 
port to the present meeting of the board. 




., THK FIRST KXOX COUNTY JAIL 




THE OLD COURT HOUSE AT KNOXVILLE 



128 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Jones was employed to go to Springfield, Illinois, to purchase the southwest 
quarter of Section 28, Knox township, which had been designated by law for 
the permanent seat of justice for the county. This land was bought and paid 
for and the court house and jail erected upon it. A portion, at least, of the land 
so purchased was surveyed into streets and lots and sold at auction and thus 
the town of Henderson (afterwards the name was changed to Knoxville) was 
started as the permanent "seat of justice." The town of Galesburg was started 
in 1836. Knox college was chartered in 1837 and thus there was established a 
competitor with Knoxville only five miles away. Both towns increased in pop- 
ulation at about the same rate and did not differ very much until the advent of 
the railroads in 1854 as the result of negotiations which had been in progress 
for three or four years. No sooner had the railroad reached Galesburg than she 
turned her covetous eyes to the county seat and quietly laid plans for wresting 
the prize from Knoxville. The centering of the railroads from the north, south, 
east and west and the location of shops and round houses at Galesburg gave the 
town a boom that raised the population rapidly, doubling that of Knoxville sev- 
eral times. 

From that time on may be seen in the acts of the board of supervisors, 
sometimes dimly, sometimes vividly, the out-cropping of this contest, each side 
taking the aggressive and acting upon the defensive as the case demanded. The 
aggressive policy of Galesburg was directed to an increase of its power and 
influence in the county board ; its defensive policy to prevent all further im- 
provements at Knoxville. The policy of Knoxville was upon the whole de- 
fensive in resisting the growth of the power and influence of Galesburg. Both 
parties sought legislative relief ; Galesburg by obtaining a bill for the division of 
the township from the city in such a way as to increase its representation in 
the county board ; Knoxville by inserting a clause in the new constitution touch- 
ing the removal of county seats from a point away from the center of the 
county to a point nearer the center of the county. ' ' j .. 

Quite a large part of this struggle will be found in the chapters on court 
houses, jails and the alms house and poor farm. This chapter gives those pro- 
ceedings of the county board which have a more direct bearing on the conflict 
and it is therefore given under the heading "The County Seat Fight." The 
first move was made by Galesburg in the spring of 1856. 

At the spring election of 1856 an assistant supervisor for the town of Gales- 
burg was voted for. Samuel W. Brown was elected and he presented his cer- 
tificate of election at a special !May meeting of the board and the following 
action was taken. , . > ^ .- I ' . 

Samuel W. Brown now presents to the board his certificate of election as as- 
sistant supervisor of the town of Galesburg, together with a list of legal voters 
of said township made under the authority of the township officers with the ap- 
pointment of said officers to take the same from which it appears that said town- 
ship contained 829 legal voters on the ist day of April last when on motion it 
was voted that Samuel W. Brown be entitled to his seat as a member of this 
board. 

January, 1866. Mr. Gale presented a petition of citizens of Galesburg asking 
a division of said town, which on motion of Mr. Gale was referred to a committee, 
the chair appointing Messrs. Gale, \'aughn and Dunlap, with instructions to re- 
port to the present meeting of the board. 



- . -_ 




:; FIRST KXOX COUNTY lA 




THE OLD COURT HOUSE AT KNOXVILLE 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 129 

Mr. Gale from committee to whom was referred the petition of citizens of 
Galesburg for a division of said town, made the following report which was 
adopted : 

OKUICKIO): That so much of the territory of the town of Galesburg as is con- 
tained in Sections 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 16, 17, i8, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31,^ ; 
32, 33, 34, and the west half of Section 3, and the west half of Section lo, in town- 
ship II north of range one east, be constituted a town to Ix; called the town of : 
West Galesburg. 

April meeting 1866. This meeting opened with L, E. Conger supervisor elect 
from the town of Galesburg. 

Mr. Rhea of Salem moved that a committee of three l>e apfx>inted to examine 
and report as to the rights and qualifications of assistant sujjervisors from the 
towns of Galesburg and West Galesburg. Carried. When the chair apjxjinted 
Messrs. Rhea, Dunlap and Meek said committee. ;> ,>;:.'- . 

The committee to which was referred the rights of the assistant supen'isors 
in Galesburg and West Galesburg to their seats, reported that they had made the 
necessary examination, and would report that each of said towns are entitled to 
a supervisor and assistant supervisor each. Report accepted and approved. 

April meeting, 1867. At this meeting of the Ixjard, the struggle over the loca-.- 
tion of the county seat had advanced to a point where the representation of Gales- 
burg in the Ixjard was challenged. It was conceded that A. C. Clay was duly elected 
a member other members from Galesburg were voted for whose names were 
not put on the roll of supervisors. After the organization of the board, Mr. Clay, ; , 
therefore made the following motion : 

Mr. Clay moved that a committee of five be appointed by the chair, from dif- 
ferent towns, to examine credentials, with power to send for persons and papers. 
Adopted, when the chair appointed Messrs. Clay, X'aughn. Beadle, Dunlap and ./ 
Shaffer said committee. 

On motion the board took a recess to enable the committee to investigate the ' 
credentials of members claiming seats from the city of Galesburg, Knoxville and 
elsewhere. ;; . : ' 

Board called to order by temporary chairman. 

The committee on credentials made the following report which was on motion;.':; ' 
accepted, and the committee discharged : 

; Your committee would report that the following is a list of superv'isors duly ' 

elected: -:".-: -/-.- :.^.^:.;K^=: .'-. y^7 :^;:^.:>' ";--./ .v 

Indian Point. . . Daniel Meek V,^;-'/- ; 

: Cedar E. S. Harden ;;:;/ 

V V Galesburg .i. .:i ,.:. A. C. Clay ^ Av ; 

: ; , , Henderson A. J. Dunlap :^: V: 

Rio John Wycofl :^ ^ ; 

, : Chestnut Thomas Xewell vl^ :: ^ 

Orange T. W. Sumner ;;";: 

'( .U Knox George A. Charles t /^^ , 

; V Sparta J. M. Holyoke cj^^ ^ 

"':'' Ontario Orin Beadle 7' : 

5. ; Maquon J. G. HamHck V::i 

;= ; Haw Creek .:^i< V* r,.^ . - . \\'m. Swigan ; V / 



130 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^. /:;:>:: 

Persifer R. W. Miles " 

Copley James Johnson ' 

Walnut Grove J. S. Chambers ; 

Salem CM. Hall v 

Elba H. H. Wood : v 

Truro B. B. Shaffer y 

Victoria H. J. Vaughn '',-^ 

Lynn Joseph D. Gibbs 

Your committee would further report in the case of the persons claiming seats 
from the city of Galesburg, that we find by examining the poll lists of the city of 
Galesburg, that 1,375 persons voted at the last city election; and Isaac Delano, 
F. R. Bartlett, Holcomb, Stewart, C. P. West, J. R. West, Stanley, L. E. Conger, 
Crocker, Hickey, Bates, Robinson, Chaplain, Troman, Morse, Russell, Nash, Chap- 
lain, Bergen, Williams, Comstock, Ekins and Owens, swear that they are ac- 
quainted with, and personally know 292 persons that are legal voters, whose 
names do not appear on the poll list, making in all 1,667 legal voters residing in 
the city of Galesburg. It also appears that there are 49 names of persons residing 
in the city of Galesburg, in addition to the above, that are not properly certified 
to, which may or may not be legal voters. And your committee would report that 
W. Selden Gale, Henry R. Sanderson, L. E. Conger, and Richard H. Whiting, are 
duly elected supervisors, and are entitled to seats in this board from the city of 
Galesburg. 

And your committee would further report, that there has been no evidence 
produced to show that Knoxville is entitled to more than one supervisor. 
. - .^- ; ... A. C. CLAY, 

Chm. of Committee. 

Mr. Dunlap moved that the report of the committee be adopted. 
Mr. Charles moved to amend that the members elect from the city of Gales- 
burg be rejected until they produce a certified copy of the act under which they 
claim to be elected. Lost. 

Mr. Gibbs moved that the board adjourn until tomorrow morning at 9 o'clock. 
Lost. 

. Mr. Charles appealed from the decision of the chair and demanded the yeas 
and nays thereon. The chair being sustained by the following vote : Yeas 
Messrs. Meek, Harden, Clay, Dunlap, Wycoff, Newell, Sumner, Holyoke, Beadle, 
Hamrick, Swigart, Miles, Johnson, Chambers, Hall, Wood, Shaffer, Vaughn and 
Gibbs, 19. Nays Mr. Charles, i. ^ . ; : ; :. ;-.V:.;- ".'":;;:: -M: '"; 
The question being on the adoption of the report of the committee, the yeas 
and nays were demanded, resulting : 

Yeas Messrs. Meek, Harden, Clay, Dunlap, Wycoff, Newell, Sumner, 
Charles, Holyoke, Beadle, Hamrick, Swigart, Miles, Johnson, Chambers, Hall, 
Wood, Shaffer, Vaughn, and Gibbs, 20. Nays None. , I 

On motion of Mr. Miles the same committee were reappointed to investigate 
the credentials of the assistant supervisor from the town of Knox. 

On motion adjourned until 9 o'clock tomorrow morning. i ' 

The next day the board elected a permanent chairman, Mr. Holyoke, of Sparta : 
The vote stood: Holyoke. 12; Miles, lo. . , . ',i -. . 

Thereupon Mr. Holyoke was declared elected. : ./;.> V 



^ ^V; v; : . ' ;:/\' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :V^':^ 131 

. Mr. Clay from committee on credentials made the following report. '. 
;- The committee appointed on the credentials of members ask leave to report: 

- That H. N. Keightley is entitled to his seat as assistant supervisor from Knox. 

' A. C. CLAY, Chairman, 

.. Mr. Miles moved that the report of the committee be accepted and adopted. 

::V; Carried.' ' ' V>:---''';'''f :?;.;'' '''\.;vr_.-\..v,,''^ .. ^:' '; 

: . Mr. Gale moved that the credentials of Mr. Thomas McKee, claiming a seat as 

. ... one of the supervisors from the city of Galesburg be referred to the committee on 

. credentials. 

.,',- Mr. Vaughn offered the following as a substitute: > v^^.. i L >. -. . !i - 

. ; Resolved, That hereafter, when any town shall claim an extra member of this 

- y board, over and above the representation said town has heretofore had, that the 

votes actually cast at the town meeting at which such extra member claims to 

have been elected, shall be deemed by this board as the number of actual legal votes 
-. in said township. ' -J' / - .' 

On which resolution, the yeas and nays were called, resulting: Yeas Messrs. 
Newell, Sumner, Charles, Keightley, Hamrick, Swigart, Miles, Johnson, Hall, 

Wood, Shaffer and Vaughn, 12. Nays Messrs. Meek, Hardin, Clay, Gale, Con- 
' ger, Sanderson, Whiting, Dunlap, Wyckoff, Beadle, Chambers, Gibbs and chair- 

: man, 13. Lost. ;.", - -. .;^ 

- The question recurring on Mr. Gale's motion, it was adopted. 

Mr. Clay, from committee on credentials, reported as follows: Your commit- 
tee appointed on credentials, ask leave to report. That they have examined the cre- 
; : dentials of Thomas McKee from the city of Galesburg, and find him entitled to a 
seat as supervisor in this board upon substantially the same evidence that entitled 
the assistant supervisor of Knox to a seat in this board. 

A. C. CLAY, Chairman. 

On motion, said report was accepted and the committee discharged and action 
' thereon postponed until this afternoon. 

; Mr. Whiting moved the adoption of the report of the committee on credentials, 
and that Thomas !McKee be admitted as a member of this board. Adopted. Yeas 
. : ; Messrs. Meek, Harden, Clay, Gale, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, Dunlap. Wyc- 
koff, Beadle, Chambers, \'^aughn and Gibbs, 13. Nays Messrs. Sumner, Charles, 
. . Keightley, Hamrick, Swigart, Johnson, Hall, Wood and Shaffer, 9. Absent Mr. 

Newell; excused, Mr. Miles, 2. 

: Mr. Vaughn offered the following resolution: -' ' -. '.., : - ; . : 

: Resolved, That hereafter when any town shall claim an extra member of this 
board, over and above the representation said town now has. that the votes actually 
cast at the town meeting at which such extra member claims to have been elected, 
shall be deemed by this board as the number of actual legal votes in said township. 
V ' Laid upon the table : Yeas Messrs. Meek, Harden, Clay, Gale, Conger, San- 

derson, Whiting, Wyckoff, Charles, Keightley, Beadle, Chambers. Hamrick, Hall 
and Gibbs, 15. Nays Messrs. Dunlap. Swigart. Miles, Johnson and Vaughn. 5. 
Absent ^Messrs. McKee and Newell, 2. Excused Messrs. Sumner, Wood and 
Shaffer, 3. ; '/V-V A hr-::-- -^ '-r'.:':'..';' ^ ; '. \.y -'(, ^.-'^'-'-'c' 

September. 1868. Mr. Wood from select committee appointed at the last 
meeting of the board reported as follows : 

We, the committee, appointed to investigate and inquire into the number of 



132 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

legal voters in the city of Galesburg, and in the town of Knox, beg leave to re- 
port, that we have partially investigated the matter, but are not now prepared to 
make a full report, and would respectfully ask further time. I 

H. H. WOOD, -. . 

:: \ :''^:H'V'^ .' //':,';;::"'',''': T. w. SuMNER, ;;'; 

: ''^ , " . . O. BEADLE, 1 

\ ^v C. H. JACKSON, 

.'.'%-;..'''_ . . ' -,'.", ' , - %' /,. . E. S. HARDEN, ' 

: ' Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Lanphere, the report was accepted and further time granted 

the committee. . . ..V^^V --..' 'V'-H '^.'-. 

iVIr. Sumner, member of the committee to inquire into the number of super- 
visors the city of Galesburg and town of Knox are entitled to in this board, pre- 
sented the following report : 

The undersigned, members of the committee at the last meeting of this board 
to inquire into and ascertain how many supervisors the city of Galesburg is en- 
titled to in this board, under an act entitled "An Act to divide the Towns of Gales- 
burg and West Galesburg," as said city is at present districted; also to investi- 
gate the rights of the assistant supervisor of the town of Knox to a seat in this 
board ; after considering the report made yesterday, which does not embrace the 
subject matter under consideration by said committee, and being desirous of being 
excused from further service on such committee, would ask leave of this board 
to report their action up to the present time. r A ; ^' ' ; .1 

: The undersigned would therefore state, that in regard to the rights of the as- 
sistant supervisor of Knox to a seat, a register of voters of the town of Knox was 
presented to the committee, containing 850 names, and that witnesses were pro- 
duced who recognized 823 persons named in such register as voters in said town 
of Knox at the time of holding the election for supervisor and assistant supervisor. 

The undersigned, with other members of the committee, met at Galesburg to 
investigate into the number of supervisors the city of Galesburg is entitled to 
under the act, as at present districted. Registers (together with the names of 
voters sworn in), were presented, not sustained as any evidence that the names 
thereon were all legal voters, but given as the best evidence in the possession of the 
parties, by which appears that the ist and 5th wards comprise one election dis- 
trict, has 762 voters ; that the 2d, 3d and 6th wards comprise another election dis- 
trict, and has on the register 784 voters ; and the 4th ward is another election dis- 
trict and has 596 voters on register. That the district composed of the ist and 5th 
wards elect two supervisors ; that composed of the 2d, 3d and 6th wards elect two 
supervisors, and the 4th ward elects one supervisor. 

The law provides "at each annual city election there shall be elected in the city 
of Galesburg, one or more supervisors. The number shall not exceed the number 
of wards in such city, and shall not be greater than one for every four hundred 
legal voters in said city. The city council may from time to time divide the city 
into districts for the election of supervisors, each district to elect one or more, 
as the council may provide, but in forming districts no ward shall be divided." 

We have now reported the facts as we found them ; and must leave this board 
to determine whether the clerk of said city in granting certificjites of election to 
two supervisors from each of the following districts, to-wit : that composed of the 



^^:V-, ;:<:. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^V-^Vx/ 188 

1st and 5th wards, with only 762 names on the register, and that district composed ' 
of the 2d, 3d and 6th wards with 784 voters registered, performed his duty ac- '_'. 
cording to such law, or whether he exceeded his powers in granting such certifi- 
cates, when it appears by the evidence that there were not twice four hundred 
voters in either of said election districts, even by the showing of the registers, ' 

Believing that any further examination is unnecessary, and that the object of 
yesterday's report, being only for delay, the undersigned members of the com- , 
mittee desire to be relieved from any further exzimination of the subject. 
^ ; ^''''.^: THOS. W. SuMNER. '^ 

" ;. Mr. Charles moved that the report be accepted, and Mr. Sumner relieved from 
further action on said committee, when Mr. Clay moved, that the whole matter be ; 
laid upon the table. Carried. 

January Meeting, 1869. Mr. Wood, from select committee, to whom was re- 
ferred the matter of the number of supervisors the city of Galesburg and town : 
of Knox are entitled to in this board, reported as follows: 

"We the committee appointed to investigate the claims of Knox and Gales- 
burg, as to their claims for the number of supervisors in the board, after examin- ^ ' 
ing papers, and hearing evidence, find that Knoxville is entitled to two and the 
city of Galesburg to five supervisors, X:-;.;j :^ ^ ; , . v : ; :.; ; v- .-^ ; 

..; . : ;..;.-, ..-..-. . ... -- V' '' "'a V-;;';^ '.^:-'; '' H. H. WOOD, vri'V'': 
',':';::,;,.' ' ':';. -v'/: ^V^.>-- /:;/.';.: 'i'-. :'.'.:"';'''-;-.' E. S. HARDEN, ^:;:^-^,.r "' 
;.v '' ' ^'-:,: '' '''''\^^' -''' ^ ':-:-!' i.^ -.^^^ O, BEADLE, ^^:'- :^'': '/;.; 

. ":; : : /i . ..:. ": - ..;;;- -.':.;: ;r' ''- '\."''! ''/^''-^. ';' " '-^.V' '' . Committee, 'y ' --.. 
: Report accepted and committee discharged. . .x . . . . ' 

MARCH SPECIAL MEETING, 1869 ;.'-,.." 

State of Illinois, ) ::>:';:' ^:^V;.-'^' ' 

' L CO ''..'...' -v - 

T^ /~^ , r ^^ . ,-. .- - . .-^ . ' .'* .'-*. 

Knox County j v, . / :"':..:.: \';.^ --vv.;.-^-.:"; . :- . ; '/ ^ ^.j^;- . . 

March Special Meeting 

Special meeting of the board of supervisors of Knox county held in the court ; 
house, in the city of Knoxville, in said county, called by the clerk of the county - 
court, in pursuance of the following notice: ^yV'' -'' : v^V. 

To James J. Egan, Esq., Clerk of the Board of Supervisors of Knox County, 
State of Illinois: 

The undersigned, being one-third of the members of the board of supervisors ;.; 
of said county of Knox, do request that a special meeting of said board be held, V 
to convene on the 23d day of March, A. D., 1869, at the court house in the town : ' 
of Knoxville, in said county. . . .; r ..'---.;.". ' 

Dated this I5th day of March, A. D., 1869. ' ' .^-V.'V ." 

^: HENRY R. SANDERSON, JOSEPH D. GIBBS, o;^:' . 

;:' ." y ' . ; E. S. HARDEN, ,.;v.^.;>; J. S. CHAMBERS, r;.J^:;X:V. 

-,;'-;, :^ ; ; G. C. LANPHERE, ;^. j/ --^ J. M. HOLYOKE, ' >X:;r'.;' : 
'.. V ' , D. H. FRISBIE, .--^ '':: O. BEADLE. .. v ';/.;" 
"';'':..,'-;.;; ^' : ;; I ' L. E. CONGER, '-"'>' '>,>^^-:- ^;^.., A, C. CLAY, ;-^:;-v'-^ ^. ...'',''; 
"-''.-; -^^ -' 'C R. H, WHITING, 'V^- /iv^:. /.'-^^.'^::'^V^ ";:"';. 

The following supervisors answered to their names: Hon. Joseph H. Holyoke, .. 
chairman; Messrs. P. H. Smith, E. S. Harden, A. C. Clay, D. H. Frisbie, L. E. . . 
Conger, H. R. Sanderson, R. H. Whiting, G. C. Lanphere, C. H. Jackson, Daniel . 
Robertson, Owen Betterton, T, W. Sumner, G. A. Charles, P. H. Sanford, Orin ; 



134 1. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; v;V ;v/. 

Beadle, A. Humphreys, Peter Lacy, James Dossett, James Johnston, J. S. Cham- 
bers, J. M. Corey, H. N. Wood and Joseph D. Gibbs. . - '..;:.:.. : / . j 

Board opened by proclamation. . , . 

JAMES J. EGAN, Clerk, 

-'^ - ' : : ; . w. S. SEACORD, Slieriff. 

On motion of Mr. Lanphere, the clerk read "An act to provide for the re- 
moval of the county seat of Knox county." 

Mr. Sanderson moved that Messrs. P. H. Smith, of Indian Point, J. M. 
Holyoke, of Sparta, F. C. Smith, of Ontario, Amos Ward, of Walnut Grove and 
D. Corey, of Salem, be appointed commissioners of public buildings, under said 
act. 

Mr. Sanford moved to amend by substituting the name of H. J. Vaughn, of 
Victoria, for that of Amos Ward. Lost. 

On motion of Mr. Charles further action on the motion of Mr. Sanderson 
was postponed until afternoon. .;. 'V ^C.V ' ''- 1- 

Ye?is Messrs. Smith, Harden, Jackson, Robertson, Betterton, Sumner, 
Charles, Sanford, Beadle, Humphreys, Lacy, Dossett, Johnston, Corey and 
Wood, 15. Nays Messrs. Qay, Frisbie, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, Lanphere, 
Chambers and Gibbs, 8. . . \;; .. :: ':" -^ .' v;;. .;;V^'; \ ^'1 / 

The motion of Mr. Sanderson for the appointment of commissioners of pub- 
lic buildings, being the special order, was called up. 

Mr. Lacy moved to amend by substituting Rufus W. Miles, as one of said 
commissioners, in place of F. C. Smith, which amendment was lost. Yeas 
Messrs. Betterton, Sumner, Charles, Sanford, Humphreys, Lacy, Dossett, John- 
ston, Tucker and Vaughn, lo. Nays Messrs. Smith, Harden, Clay, Frisbie, Con- 
ger, Sanderson, Whiting, Lanphere, Jackson, Robertson, Chambers, Corey, Wood 
and Mr. Chairman, 14. 

The question recurring upon the adoption of the motion of Mr. Sanderson, ; 
appointing Messrs. P. H. Smith, J. M. Holyoke, F. C. Smith, Amos Ward and D. 
Corey, Jr., as commissioners of public buildings, the same was adopted. Yeas 
Messrs. Smith, Harden, Clay, Frisbie, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, Lanphere, 
Jackson, Robertson, Beadle, Johnston, Chambers, Corey and chairman, 15. Nays 
Messrs. Betterton, Sumner, Sanford, Humphreys, Lacy, Dossett, Wood and 
Vaughn, 9. Excused Mr. Charles, i. 

Mr. Lanphere offered the following resolution: .-.,- -I 

Resolred, That if the vote about to be taken on the question of moving the 
county seat to Galesburg, shall be in favor of such removal, that then the com- 
missioners having such matter in charge, shall not under any circumstances move 
from the building they are now in, the records and files in the respective office of ' 
county and circuit clerk, until a building is completed and ready for use in Gales- 
burg, as secure and suitable as the one in which said records and files are now 
kept. 

Mr. Vaughn moved to amend by striking out all after the word "resolved," - 
and insert "that this board will not meddle with business properly belonging to 
the next board of supervisors," which was lost by the following vote. Yeas 
Messrs. Betterton, Sumner, Charles, Sanford, Humphreys, Lacy, Dossett, John- . 
ston, Corey, Wood, Tucker and Vaughn, 12. Nays Messrs. Smith, Harden, 
Clay, Frisbie, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, Lanphere, Jackson, Robertson, 
Beadle, Charnbers and Gibbs, 13. 



;> .C ,^ : ; ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY >r^;: ;' ' 135 

The resolution of Mr. Lanphere was then adopted by the following vote: 
Yeas Messrs. Smith, Harden, Clay, Frisbie, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, Lan- 
phere, Jackson, Robertson, Beadle, Chambers, Corey and Gibbs, 14. Xays 
Messrs. Betterton, Charles, Sanford, Humphreys, Lacy, Dossett, Tucker and 
Vaughn, 9. Messrs. Sumner and Johnston, excused. . " -r v 

Mr. Charles in explanation of his vote, said he voted no, because he did not 
believe it was right for the board of supervisors to amend or change the law as 
passed by the legislature, and would recommend that the resolution be referred 
to the legislature, to be passed as a supplemental act to the enabling act. . ' 

Mr. Sanford explained that he voted no, because the law provided for, and 
expressed the duties of the commissioners, and the board had no right to alter or 
modify the requirements of the law. ; 

Mr. Humphreys explained that he voted no, because he objected to the board 
passing resolutions for the purpose of making capital to be used in the election. . 

Mr. Wood explained that he voted no, because he believed it right to do so. -. ' 

May Meeting, 1869. There were present at this meeting, Messrs. P. H. 
Smith, M. C. Bates, A. C. Clay, H. R. Sanderson, Geo. C. Lanphere, L. E Con- 
ger, Geo. V. Deiterich, M. Belden, H. M. Sisson, Daniel Robertson, Thomas Xevv- 
ell, Thomas W. Sumner, George A. Charles, P. H. Sanford, J. M. Holyoke, Grin 
Beadle, B. H. Morgan, Wm. Swigart, James Dossett, James Johnston, J. S. 
Chambers, John Sloan, L. A. Lawrence, John Wilson, H. J. Vaughn, O. M. 
Gross; James J. Egan, clerk, by J. S. Winter, deputy; Wilkins Seacord, sheriff. :. 

Mr. Sumner moved to make the temporary chairman the permanent chairman. . 
Lost. / . 

Mr. Sanderson moved that the board proceed to ballot for chairman. Carried. 

The chair appointed Messrs. Smith and Sumner tellers. > ':' 

' Messrs. H. J. Vaughn and J. M. Holyoke were put in nomination, the ballot re-v ' - 
suiting, J. M. Holyoke fourteen votes, H. J. Vaughn twelve votes. Hon. J. AI. 
Holyoke was declared duly elected chairman. , 

Mr. Sanderson offered the following resolution: ' - - - 

RESOLVED: That Supervisors Lanphere, of Galesburg; Sanford, of Knox; 
Lawrence, of Elba; Sisson, of Henderson, and Gross, of Lynn, be appointed a 
committee to investigate the result of the election on the removal of the county 
seat, and report to the board at this meeting. 

Mr. Charles moved to lay the resolution on the table, and the yeas and nays 
being called, the motion was lost. Yeas Messrs. Newell, Sumner, Charles, San- . 
ford, Morgan, Swigart, Dossett, Johnston, Sloan, Lawrence, Wilson and X'aughn, 
12. Nays Messrs, Smith, Bates, Clay, Sanderson, Lanphere, Conger, Deit- . 
erich, Belden, Sisson, Robertson, Beadle, Chambers, Gross and Chairman, 14. . . 

The question recurring on the adoption of the resolution of Mr. Sanderson,/: : 
the same was adopted. Yeas Messrs. Smith, Bates, Clay, Sanderson, Lanphere, 
Conger, Deiterich, Belden, Sisson, Robertson, Beadle, Chambers and Gross, 13. 
Nays Messrs. Newell, Sanford, Morgan, Johnston, Sloan and \^aughn, 6. 
Excused Messrs. Sumner, Charles, Dossett, Lawrence and Wilson, 5. Refused 
to vote, Mr. Swigart, I. -.-;':: . ': ---.^ :.;;'>-;: 

Explanation of votes Mr. Sumner wished to be excused because Tie thougrht 
the board had no power to appoint such committee. Mr. Charles wished to be 
excused for a similar reason. Mr. Swigart refused to vote because the board 



186 '^V HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY x^t'C , 

had no power to canvass the vote, or delegate such power to a committee; that 
the action was entirely without authority of law, and he would not vote unless 
some law or precedent could be produced ; that he was already ready to vote one 
way or another on any question that might arise, when the board had a legal 
right to act, but on this question he would not vote, nor did he want to be ex- 
cused. Mr. Dossett wished to be excused for reasons given by others ; and Mr. 
Lawrence and Mr. Wilson were excused for similar reasons. 

Mr. Charles also presented the following, requesting that it be entered of 
record : 

To the Hon. Board of Supervisors : The undersigned, in behalf of citizens 
of Knoxville and vicinity, would respectfully report that prior to the election on 
the county seat question (April 6, 1869), a subscription was made by them, of 
twenty thousand dollars, to aid in the erection of a county jail at the city of 
Knoxville, should the vote be in favor of the city of Knoxville; and whereas, 
the result of said election was in favor of said city of Knoxville, we will state 
that said subscription is in the hands of the county treasurer, with the payment 
fully guaranteed, to be used by the board of supervisors on the conditions named 
in said subscription. GEORGE A. CHARLES. 

Mr. Swigart introduced a resolution that the board accept the donation of 
$2O,(XX) offered by citizens of Knoxville and vicinity, and proceed to erect a jail 
at Knoxville. 

On motion of Mr. Sanderson, the resolution was laid on the table, the vote 
being the same as on other questions pertaining to the county seat contest. 

Mr. Lanphere, from the committee appointed, twenty-four hours previously, 
"to investigate the result of the election on the removal of the county seat," pre- 
sented a voluminous "report," signed by three members of the committee, em- 
bracing a number of lengthy affidavits in regard to the election in Knox town- 
ship only, and moved its adoption by the board. - : . v:' ;V ,-.;;.:] . . 

Mr. Sanford made a statement in regard to the conduct of the committee, 
showing there had been no meeting of the committee; that the "report" as pre- 
sented was ex parte and one-sided, and had evidently been prepared before the 
committee was appointed ; and that if it was within the functions of the board 
of supervisors to institute an investigation of this kin'd, the inquiry should ex- 
tend to other precincts, as well as Knox township. 

The "report of the committee" was then adopted, by the usual vote yeas, 
14; nays, 12. - I 

Sheriff Seacord served upon the board a summons to appear at the June term 
of the circuit court, to answer a bill of complaint filed by Geo. Davis, of Gales- 
burg, in regard to the county seat election. 

It being moved that the board authorize Mr. Sanford to employ counsel in 
the case on behalf of the board. ': ;. . : V "^ v >' ' Oj\V /' 

Mr. Sanderson moved to amend by substituting Mr. Lanphere and the other 
members of the judiciary committee for that duty. The amendment was adopted 
yeas, 14; nays, 12. 

Mr. Lanphere, from special committee appointed yesterday, made the fol- 
lowing report : . .- - , j. 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

Your committee appointed to investigate and ascertain the result of the elec- 



:'!^--':r'--'^^^'^: '''' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^V:^; 137 

tion on the removal of the county seat, beg leave respectfully to report that they 
have given to the subject such consideration as the limited time at their disposal 
has permitted. 

They find that the law providing for the removal of the county seat makes 
no provision for officially determining the result of the election, beyond the sim- 
ple canvass of the returns made by the several boards of election; this canvass 
to be made by the county clerk and two justices. The law makes no provision 
for the issue of any certificate by the clerk, and it seems to be admitted on all 
hands, in accordance with the doctrine in the case reported in the 2Oth Ills., that 
even if such a certificate had been provided for, it would not be entitled to be re- 
garded as evidence. 

The board of supervisors being absolutely required to perform certain du- 
ties if the result of the vote has been for removal, and having other important 
duties to perform if the result be against removal ; and as either by the design or 
imperfection of the law, no person has been appointed to determine the result, 
they are, of necessity, put upon their inquiry. 

The most available evidence in the reach of the committee are the returns of 
the boards of election. In the absence of anything to contradict the certificates 
of the boards of election, your committee believe they may properly be taken as 
prima facie evidence. These returns show, in the aggregate, a majority of 247 
against removal. 

Your committee, however, in examining these returns, find disclosed the 
startling fact that the town of Knox returns 1,520 votes, all but 17 against re- ;, 
moval ; a number more than three times the usual vote of that town, about three 
and one-half times as great as was cast by the same town four years before on 
the same question ; a number about two and one-half times as great as the num- 
ber of white males ovei twenty years of age, residing in that town less than four 
years before, as appears by the census returns. 

The committee believe from their own knowledge of the town, and from the 
general opinion as they hear it expressed, that the growth of the town of Knox 
during the four years last past has been far from rapid. They can but regard 
such a return as so manifestly false on the face of it, as to entitle it to very little 
consideration in arriving at the number of votes actually cast in that town. 

Your committee are also in possession of affidavits of persons of entire re- 
spectability, which affidavits your committe beg leave to submit as part of this 
report, showing that the election in the town of Knox was conducted not only 
without any regard to the usual forms of elections, and without the usual safe- 
guards against illegal and fraudulent voting, but was evidently intended and ar- 
ranged for a fraud from the outset. 

Taking into account, first, the absolutely incredible character of the returns 
from the town of Knox, and second, the gross character of the frauds openly 
practiced, as appear from the affidavits referred to, the committee are of opin- 
ion that the returns of the town of Knox should be entirely set aside as affording 
no evidence whatever of the number of votes actually cast in that town. . :; 

What the number of legal votes actually were, or how cast, your committee 
can only ascertain, by instituting inquiries which would consume very much more 
time than has been put at their disposal. 

They are disposed in the absence of other data, to take the vote of last No- ^ 



138 ;:. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;VCT ;V 

vember as a basis, the vote at that time being 639, a number a little greater than 
was returned by Mr. McGowan, who took the census three and one-half years 
before the April election, as the number of white males in that town over twenty 
years of age. 

Your committee think that the number equal to the white males in their 2ist 
year, added to the number of alien white males over 20, to the number of short 
residents, and the number of those who are kept from the polls by absence from 
home, sickness, indifference as to the result, and other causes, is a very large al- 
lowance for the growth of the voting population of the town of Knox in that period. 

They are also in possession of testimony that at the November election the 
feeling ran high ; extraordinary efforts were made to get out voters, and many 
persons not legal voters were allowed to vote. 

Deducting from the returns the excess returned in April, over the number re- 
turned in November, from the town of Knox, which is 884, and the majority of 
247 against removal, is converted into a majority of 634 for removal. 

In all the towns giving majorities for removal, with one exception, we find 
a large vote given against removal, enough perhaps, to guard reasonably well 
the purity of the polls. From none of these towns has any complaint come to 
the knowledge of your committee. 

In most of the towns giving majorities against removal, the adverse vote was 
small and the opportunity and temptation to illegal voting had not the usual 
check of a vigilant opposition. . -.'\. . - 1 . 

With one exception, however, these towns' cast less votes than were cast in 
the same towns last November. 

The exception is the town of Orange, which cast i8 votes in excess to the 
votes cast in November, all the votes in the town but five being against removal. 
We are assured on the authority of persons of the highest respectability, living 
in that town, that many voters stayed at home on the day of the April election, 
and that many illegal votes were cast. We are informed that one of the oldest 
and best known residents of that town, who voted against removal, estimated the 
fraudulent vote in Orange at fifty. - : . ' > :' 'v \-A'; ":; ;-\l':^^ 

Your committee have not, however, had the opportunity to investigate the 
true state of facts existing in that town or others. They are, however, clearly 
of the opinion that a thorough investigation of the nineteen towns and a purging 
of their polls, would, so far as it affected the result at all, increase, to some ex- 
tent, the majority for removal. 

Admitting (an admission favorable to the vote against removal, as we think), 
that the legal vote cast in Knox was 639, that the returns from the nineteen other 
towns were correct, there remains a majority of 634 for removal. If from this 
be deducted, as some claim should be, the ninety votes cast for town and city 
officers, by persons who did not vote on the county seat question, and the ma- 
jority is still 544. 

This majority can only be overcome by supposing an illegal vote of that 
amount was cast in the city of Galesburg. Of this no evidence has been pro- 
duced. That in a community where the public sentiment was so unequivocally 
one-sided, there was unusual temptation and opportunity for fraudulent vot- 
ing, it is true, and it is also true that the vote of April exceeded the vote of No- 
vember, 714. ;; Ov "' ; : 



,;;A'-- .A--v^y^:- ;: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY , . -S^' . 

'.-'-. But on the other hand the following facts are unquestionably true : 

1st, the elections in Galesburg, in April, were conducted with a full regard 
to the usual forms. The votes were all duly registered, and no person allowed 
to vote unless his name was on the register, except by swearing in his vote and ' 
making the legal proof of his right. The election was public and open, the num- 
ber of votes cast at all times during the day being known to the bystanders, by ! 
whom the judges, clerks and voters could be distinctly seen. 

2d. All the city officers, and the justices and constables were elected at the :; 
same time, as many votes being cast for those officers as on the county seat. The .' 
election was sharply contested by rival candidates, each having an interest in pre- 
venting frauds attempted by his opponents. The votes were publically counted, ; 
and the ballots, books and papers preserved according to law. No extensive . 
frauds could be committed except with the knowledge of many persons. : 

. 3d. It is well konwn that the November election in the city of Galesburg 
failed to call out a full vote, local causes well understood, but on which the com- . 
mittee need not dwell, contributed to that result. 

4th. In consequence of the extension of the railroad works in Galesburg, 
much greater number of men were in the railroad employ in April than in No- - 
vember. 

5th. The vote of the city of Galesburg, large as it is, is not very greatly in /. 
excess of what might reasonably be calculated on by comparison with other votes . 
in the last eight years, and with the census returns, considering the very great ap- - 
parent growth of that city. ; 

Your committee beg leave to say, in conclusion, that while in the short time 
since their appointment they have not been able to ascertain all the facts bear- ' ; 
ing upon the case, and to come to such conclusion as would enable them to say V 
with precision what was the exact state of the vote, they are clearly of this opin- 
ion, that those returns that are entitled to any confidence, show a majority for re- : 
moval ; and though that majority may be reduced by proving the votes really cast, v 
or tendered in the town of Knox, and may perhaps b.e further affected by a thor- ': 
ough purging of the polls, there is no probability the result would be changed. - 

All of which is respectfully submitted, . .. -..^ . : 

' .; _ . ...^ . ^. .;':'.:' ;.v^;rv.:'^^-; G. LANPHERE, '-'';;; '..^^ ; 

,''.-;".' : .: ' . '^^ :^'^/ --'^y'; ::''; ^'':'v'v^^'.'V^^. '^;'-%>-^'''-'.'\^ M. GROSS, ''..^'' :['::.'. 

/ ' . -' -''- . ''. .'.. ..A'. V ..?:-; -''::. ^...'- /:.-.^:^'\- '.''. H. M. SISSON, '''- ^'.''-'^ 

Committee. . 

Mr. Clay moved that the report of the committee be approved, and after ... 

considerable discussion, the yeas and nays were demanded, and the resolution ".. 

adopted. Yeas Messrs. Smith, Bates, Clay, Sanderson, Lanphere, Conger, >' 

Deiterich, Belden, Sisson, Robertson, Beadle, Chambers, Gross and Chairman, ; 
14. Nays Messrs. Newell, Sanford, Morgan. Swigart, Dossett, Johnston, : 

Sloan, Lawrence, Wilson and Vaughn, lo. Refusing to vote Messrs. Sumner - .; 

and Charles. \^. 

Explanation of votes. Mr. Sumner said that a resolution had passed the ''{, 

Board this morning, that this board would not take any action upon any report, , 

or reports, made by any illegal committee or committees; that the action of this - : 

board appointing a committee to canvass the county seat vote, was assuming a ' 
power not conferred by law, but directly in opposition thereto, that the com- 



140 ,; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;: ;-V I 

mittee was an illegal one, and appointed for an illegal purpose, and as he would 
not stultify himself, he should refuse to vote upon the question and also refuse . 
to be excused. . ...; [ - .;.: 

Mr. Charles for similar reasons refused to vote or be excused. 

On motion it was ordered that the alms house committee be authorized to 
approve the records of this meeting when written up. 

At this time the sheriflf of Knox county, who had been in waiting for some ' 
time, served upon the board of supervisors of Knox county, James Egan, county '_' 
clerk ; J. W. Temple, circuit clerk, and Dennis Clark, county judge of Knox '- 
county. 111., a summons to appear at the June term of the circuit court to answer 
the complaint of George Davis, of Galesburg. \:;:'^^::.v>v\-r\/ ;- I'- ; V;; 

The judiciary committee were authorized to employ counsel on behalf of the ' 
board of supervisors in said suit. , ; 

September Meeting, 1869. There were present at this meeting, Hon, J. M. . 
Holyoke, chairman ; supervisors, Messrs. P. H. Smith, M. C. Bates, A. C. Clay, Vv 
H. R. Sanderson, L. E. Conger, G. V. Deiterich, M. Belden, H. M. Sisson, Thomas 
Newell, Thos. W. Sumner, George A. Charles, P. H. Sanford, Orin Beadle, B. 
H. Morgan, John Sloan, John Wilson and O. M. Gross, James J. Egan, clerk; ".- 
Wilkins Seacord, sheriflf. 

Board opened by proclamation. , : ^ : ! v . .. : 

The chairman presented the certificate of appointment of E. P. Williams ; 
as one of the supervisors of the city of Galesburg, to fill a vacancy occasioned 
by the resignation of Mr. Lanphere. - 

On motion, Mr. Williams took his seat in the board. . I :;- v 

Mr. Holyoke, from "commissioners on public buildings," presented the fol- '^ 
lowing: 

"To the Honorable the Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

The undersigned commissioners of public buildings appointed by your hon- 
orable body, under the law regulating the removal of the county seat, respect- .: 
fully report that the city of Galesburg, in pursuance of the obligation entered ; 
into by the mayor and aldermen of said city, have erected in said city a fire > 
proof building of sufficient capacity and convienience for the use of the circuit ' : 
and county clerks; and the same will be ready for the use of said officers when- 
ever the board of supervisors shall order the removal of the records and papers . 
belonging to the county. By order of the commissioners. . : 

J. M. HOLYOKE, Chairman, . ' r. i 
;;.;;". :-; . F. E. SMITH, S'^cre/orj. ^ '. ' 

Directed to lie upon the table. . , : / 

JANUARY SPECIAL MEETING, A. D., 1873. ^; . . ; 

State of Illinois, ) 

Knox County, j ss. , _.. ^^ . V' ' ; 

. .;'\^ >'-i . ' January Special Meeting. ;:;. I /';':'' 

At a meeting of the board of supervisors of Knox county, held pursuant to :v 
a call, issued at the request of one-third of the members thereof, at Knoxville, '- 
in said county, on Thursday, the 3Oth day of January, A. D., 1873. ; v ! 

Present Hon. A. C. Clay, chairman ; Supervisors, Messrs. P. H. Smith, M. .,:. 
C. Bates, W. S. Gale, G. V. Dieterich, J. M. Morse, B. S. Stanley, H. R. Sander- ' ; 
son, John Junk, D. Wainwright, Heber Gillis, Peter Godfrey, Geo. A. Charles, ' ^ 



;;;:/';': :\;;:^;; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;:-: : 141 

G. G. Stearns, H. P. Wood, A. S. Curtis, L. W. Benson, Wm. Swigart, W. H. . 
Leighton, AL P. Stephens, J. W. Hensley, Wm. West, John Wilson, M. B. Ogden, 
James Soles, John S. Winter, clerk; A. W. Berggren, sheriff. . . , ..,. ,_;. 

Board opened by proclamation. ' ' , 

The chairman presented decree of McDonough circuit court, in the county ; 
seat case, and requested its reading by the clerk. .;., / i ::;"'.' '/ ' 

State of Illinois, ) ; .^^ '..-::.-':"- '/-"' : !^-'' '/ ' 

McDonough County, j ss. : " ; 

In the McDonough Circuit Court, September Term, A. D., 1871. ' ^' 
' George Davis, who sues on behalf of himself, as well as on behalf of all the 
tax payers of the county Knox and state of Illinois, who choose to be made 
complainants therein, vs. the board of supervisors of Knox county, Illinois, 
James J. Egan, county clerk of Knox county, Illinois, James W. Temple, circuit 
clerk of Knox county, Illinois, and Dennis Clark, county judge of Knox county, . - 
Ills. In chancery. Change of venue from Knox county. Ills. . . ;^ 

This cause coming on to be heard upon the bill, answers, replications, plead- 
ings and evidence, and after hearing counsel for the respective parties, the court 
finds upon the evidence, and adjudges and decrees that a majority of the legal 
voters of the county of Knox, did, at an election held on the sixth day of April, 
1869, in said county of Knox, pursuant to an act of the legislature of this state, 
approved March lO, 1869, referred to in the original and amended bill, referred 
to in this case, vote in favor of removal of the county seat of said county from 
the city of Knoxville to the city of Galesburg in said county, that the allega- 
tions of the bill are true, and the said defendants, the board of supervisors of v 
Knox county aforesaid, and the clerk of said board, are hereby directed to spread 
the result of said election and of the canvass thereof upon the record of the 
board of supervisors of Knox county, and state upon said record that the result 
of said election and canvass thereof was in favor of removal of the county seat 
of said county from Knoxville to the city of Galesburg, in said county, by a ma- 
jority of two hundred voters; and said court further finds and decrees that the 
return of said election in the town of Knox, purporting to be made by the officers 
of said election therein is illegal, fraudulent, false and void ; and that the result I / 
of said election heretofore spread upon the record of the board of supervisors, 
be set aside as incorrect. It is further ordered that the fact be stated upon said 
records of said board, that said election resulted in favor of the removal of the 
county seat of Knox county, from the city of Knoxville to the city of Galesburg 
in conformity with this decree. And it is further ordered that the defendants, 
the board of supervisors of Knox county, pay the costs of this suit; and there- 
upon defendants and each of them pray an appeal to the supreme court of the 
central grand division of the state of Illinois, which is allowed upon the defend- 
ants or either of them entering into bond in the penal sum of one thousand dol- 
lars, with security, which, by consent of parties, is to be approved by the clerk, 
within forty days from the rendition of this decree, said appeal bond to be con- 
ditional according to law. :. 
' ;^';^."'v:'''' ^' :v- "-'-.'.-;;.';"' ''/'v - '^;'.'^':.''.r.'-' :_.'-:-.''''^ ../- C. L. HIGBEE. .''.-' 



142 '' HISTORY OF KXOX COUNTY l^; v ; 

-;', ^ ' 

State of Illinois, ) ^ . :' - /: . ..^' ,: ; - ,: .: 

McDonough County, j ^f' 

I, I. N. Pearson, clerk of the circuit court, in and for said county, do hereby 
certify that the above and foregoing is a true and complete copy of the final de- 
cree rendered in said cause, and filed therein on the 7th day of October, A. D., 
1872, as appears of record from the books and files in my office. 

Witness, my hand and the seal of said court at Macomb, this 29th day of Jan- 
uary, A. D., 1873. 

(SEAL.) ^ - I. N. PEARSON, C/^rfe. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: i. 'I : 

Rcsol'ced, That the decree of his honor. Judge Higbee, rendered in the Mc- 
Donough circuit court, in the case of Geo. Davis vs. board of supervisors of 
Knox county, et al. having been affirmed by the supreme court, be spread upon 
the records of this board, and the clerk of the board be directed to correct the 
records as ordered by the court in said decree. ] 

The decision of the supreme court, in the case of George Davis vs. board of 
supervisors of Knox county, et al, having been read, it was 

On motion of Mr. Charles, ordered that the decision of the supreme court 
in said case, be spread upon the records of this board, and be published with 
the proceedings thereof in pamphlet form. . 

i/'2 O'clock, P. M. Board met pursuant to adjournment. ; ' 

Mr. Sanderson presented the following resolutions: 
. Resolved, That the sherifif and clerks be directed to remove the books, pa- 
pers and furniture of the county to Galesburg as rapidly as required by the in- 
terests of the county, employing such assistance as may be necessary ; that for 
so much expense as is made necessary by the removal, the said officers be di- 
rected to send in bills for expenses to the city of Galesburg. 

, Resoh'ed, That the said officers, with the approval of the chairman of com- 
mittee on judiciary and clerks offices, be authorized to purchase such furniture 
as may be necessary for their offices, which must be procured before the next 
meeting of this board. Adopted. 
. Mr. Gale offered the following resolutions, which were adopted: | 

Resoh'ed, That there be a committee of five, of whom the chairman of this 
board shall be one, and the other members appointed by the chair, whose duty 
it shall be to procure plans and estimates for a county jail. 

Resolved, That said committee be directed to report, what provisions, if any, 
it is necessary to make for the county at Galesburg, what future provision 
should be made by the city of Galesburg; also, what real estate belongs to the 
county at Knoxville, and what disposition should be made of such real estate. 

The chairman announced as such committee, in addition to the chairman, 
Messrs. Gale. Charles. Bates and Ogden. :^ ^^' .... . ' 1 ' 

The following resolution was offered by Mr. Gale, and adopted : 

Resoh-ed, That when this board adjourn, it adjourn to meet four weeks 
from today, at the clerk's office in the city of Galesburg. 

Mr. Wood presented report of board of commissioners of public buildings, 
which report was accepted, and ordered to be spread upon the records. I 

To the Hon. Board of Siif>en'isors of Kno.r Co.: 

The undersigned commissioners of public buildings appointed under the act 



y^^: ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY / ; .v, 143 

for the removal of the county seat of Knox county, hereby respectfully report : 

We have in our possession the following list of property pledged by the au- 
thorities of the city of Galesburg, before the election, in aid of the removal of .- 
the county seat: : 

1st. A warranty deed from the city of Galesburg to the county of Knox for 
a part of lots seven and eight in block thirty-one, as numbered on the original 
plot of Galesburg, being four and one-half rods off the north side of lots seven 
and eight, being the premises commonly known as the "fire proof building." 

2d. Warranty deed from A. N. Bancroft and wife to Knox county, convey- 
ing the west, two-thirds of lot number seven (7), in block forty-five (45), in the 
southern addition to the town of Galesburg. This lot was intended for a jail 
lot, but is not so expressed in the deed. 

3d. Warranty deed from Knox College to Knox county, for block numbered 
thirty-nine (39), in the original plot of Galesburg, being the east half of the ground 
known as the "College Park." This deed is upon the express condition that the 
ground shall be used as a site for a court house and for no other purpose. 

4th. The obligation of the city of Galesburg to furnish suitable rooms for 
the use of the county Knox, in the city of Galesburg, for court and jury rooms 
for a period not exceeding ten years, and to pay all necessary expenses incurred 
in the removal of the county records and property from Knoxville to Galesburg. . 

5th. Two certificates of deposit for the sum of two thousand dollars each, 
payable to the order of the commissioners appointed by the board of supervisors 
of Knox county, for the removal of the county seat. One of said certificates 
being signed by Weston Arnold, cashier of the Second National Bank of Gales- 
burg, and the other by M. L. Smalley, cashier First National Bank of Galesburg. 

6th. An agreement or lease between the owners of the Opera House on the 
south side the public square in Galesburg, and the city authorities, for the use 
of the Opera House for county purposes for the term of years signified by the 
obligations of the city, also the resolution of the city council for the payment of 
the actual cost of removal. 

7th. A lease from C. Brechwald for a room in Concordia block. -"' '-''"' 

We would further report that everything seems to be in readiness on the part 
of the city of Galesburg, for the removal ; and would ask your honorable body 
to take such action as to the disposition of the above named effects, and as to 
the time of effecting the actual removal as may seem to you just and proper. 

J. M. HoLYOKE, ^-i;- ; 

...;;:;; ^'i/^f/v:- V.- ,..,^ -^ Chairman of Commissioners, '-/_: 
Knoxville, Jan. 30, 1873. .>.:;' ; . .:;'/^V 

Mr. Soles offered the following resolution: 

Resolved, That the sheriff and clerks remove their books and papers forth-v 
with to Galesburg, in order to be in readiness to hold circuit court in said city, 
next Monday. , - r-/. -.; ;-^v. ; / .:.>.. - v , , .- ^-'.-^ ";>: ' 

Mr. Hensley offered the following as a substitute : 

Resoh'ed, That it is the sense of this board, that the commissioners of pub- 
lic buildings proceed at once to remove the records of the county to Galesburg, 
so as not to delay the proceedings of February term of court. ; ;. .' ;^; 

Mr. Gale offered the following: 

Resolved, That the committee on public buildings be directed to proceed at 



144 ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; | i; ; 

once, in conjunction with the officers of the county, to remove the county prop- 
erty to Galesburg. K. ;' 

Resolved, That the deeds and abstracts in the hands of the commissioners 
be filed with the county clerk, and that the money in their hands be paid to the 
county treasurer, and held by him as a special fund for jail building purposes. 
; Resolved, That the clerk be directed to record the deeds and contracts re- 
ceived from the committee. 

Mr. Hensley accepted the substitute of Mr. Gale, when the substitute was 
adopted and the resolution passed. 

On motion adjourned until Thursday, February 27, 1873. ^ ' 



; ^v; . JAILS OF KNOX COUNTY v^- / 

A brief account of the construction of the "Old Log Jail" was given at the 
close of the chapter on Minor Courts and Permanent Seat of Justice, By 
1840 the question of a new jail was again considered. At the December term 
of that year of the County Commissioners court, the subject was formally acted 
upon, as shown by the following order : 

ORDERED: That the clerk publish in the Peoria Press and Peoria Register 
notices for plans and specifications and sealed proposals for building a jail in 
the town of Knoxville to be two stories high, not larger than thirty by fifty feet 
nor smaller than twenty-five by forty-five feet, to include a dwelling in said 
building, said plans, specifications and sealed proposals to be received and opened 
on the 25th day of January, 1841 ; to be finished two years from the first Mon- 
day of March, 1841. ;; ';?,:;.'* ^' ' ;\^/-i''v; ; I '/;'. 

On January 26th, 1841, we find the following order in relation to the con- 
struction of the jail, plans and specifications for which were called for at the 
December term. 

ORDERED: That the contract for building a jail in the town of Knoxville 
be let to Zelotes Cooley, in accordance to plans and specifications by him filed 
in clerk's office of the court for the sum of eight thousand, seven hundred 
and twenty- four dollars, provided that he enter into bond with good security 
approved by the court, and also that both parties agree to the article of agree- 
ment or contract to be entered into at regular March term of this court and 
to be finished in three years from March next, or as the parties can agree, said 
Zelotes Cooley and this court further agree to exchange the present jail lot for 
forty feet on the public square and twenty-six feet on North street to make 
square corner in center of the lot of Lot No. 5, in Block No. 6, on which to 
locate said jail, provided said Z. Cooley obtains a good title to the same. 

Nevertheless, Zelotes Cooley never entered into a contract for the con- 
struction of the jail, and it nowhere appears of record that he had anything to 
do with it. The contract was made with Alvah Wheeler and the records show 
that all through the years 1842, 1843, 1844, and the beginning of 1845, he was 
working upon the building. The following entry, made March 5th, 1845, is a 
summing up of the whole transaction, and Mr. Wheeler is paid for the contract 

in full, $7,784. ' . , " ;- ;.;' :.'.;-';'.'. '-': ' ''. '/': .;'; ; . 







o o 



si ^ 



- 

3 



3' 

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' 5' 




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HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

once, in conjunction with the officers of the county, to remove the county prop- 
erty to Galesburg. ' \ 1 

Resoh-ed, That the deeds and abstracts in the hands of the commissioners 
be filed with the county clerk, and that the money in their hands be paid to the 
county treasurer, and held by him as a special fund for jail building purposes. 

Resolved, That the clerk be directed to record the deeds and contracts re- 
ceived from the committee. , i 

Mr. Hensley accepted the substitute of Mr. Gale, when the substitute was 
adopted and the resolution passed. 

On motion adjourned until Thursday, February 27, 1873. 



. JAILS OF KXOX COUNTY 

A brief account of the construction of the ''Old Log Jail" was given at the 
close of the chapter on Minor Courts and Permanent Seat of Justice. By 
1840 the question of a new jail was again considered. At the December term 
of that year of the County Commissioners court, the subject was formally acted 
upon, as shown by the following order: 

ORDERKD: That the clerk publish in the Peoria Press and Peoria Register 
notices for plans and specifications and sealed proposals for building a jail in 
the town of Knoxville to be two stories high, not larger than thirty by fifty feet 
nor smaller than twenty-five by forty-five feet, to include a dwelling in said 
building, said plans, specifications and sealed proposals to be received and opened 
on the 25th day of January, 1841 ; to be finished two years from the first Mon- 
day of March, 1841. 

On January 26th, 1841, we find the following order in relation to the con- 
struction of the jail, plans and specifications for which were called for at the 
December term. 

ORDERED: That the contract for building a jail in the town of Knoxville 
be let to Zelotes Cooley, in accordance to plans and specifications by him filed 
in clerk's office of the court for the sum of eight thousand, seven hundred 
and twenty-four dollars, provided that he enter into bond with good security 
approved by the court, and also that both parties agree to the article of agree- 
ment or contract to be entered into at regular March term of this court and 
to be finished in three years from March next, or as the ])arties can agree, said 
Zelotes Cooley and this court further agree to exchange the present jail lot for 
forty feet on the public square and twenty-six feet on North street to make 
square corner in center of the lot of Lot No. 5, in Block No. 6, on which to 
locate said jail, provided said Z. Cooley obtains a good title to the same. : 

Nevertheless, Zelotes Cooley never entered into a contract for the con- 
struction of the jail, and it nowhere appears of record that he had anything to 
do with it. The contract was made with Alvah Wheeler and the records show 
that all through the years 1842, 1843, 1844, and the beginning of 1845, he was 
working upon the building. The following entry, made March 5th, 1845, is a 
summing up of the whole transaction, and Mr. \\'heeler is paid for the contract 
in full, $7,784. 



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o o 



si = 



2" 
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W -. 
0:2 

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;:;:;;- x^ .;..;: ;^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 'V , 145 

A. Wheeler, account with county on jail contract. , :.! 

March 6/41 Amount contract '. $7724.00 

March 45 doors extra 50.00 

March Casing doors extra lo.oo 



';'. 'v'''.l''>-^'^--'iHSV;---S'.;VZv^ ' $7784.00 

' March 5/45 Cash paid , r. .......... $5708.00 

Deduction on cistern 30.00 5738.00 



'' 'V-; V-':::^.-':'''-v, .v;:-^'/:" $2046.00 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasurer in favor of A. 
Wheeler for two thousand and forty-six dollars, in full for jail contract. 

This jail is still standing on the west side of the public square in the City 
of Knoxville, and is now in use as a city prison. It would seem, from the 
following order entered upon the county commissioners' record, that it was not 
always well cared for. 

"ORDERED: That the sheriff clean out the jail and not suffer the cells or 
debtors' apartments of the same to be used for any purpose whatever except 
for prisoners." The time was when a clean jail was an exception worthy of 
note, and not so very long ago either, if we are to credit the statements of 
the State Boards of Health and Charities. Knox county is to be congratulated 
on this early action of its commissioners. ^ - ;. 

The building was pretty thoroughly overhauled in 1863. We prefer, how- 
ever, to tell the story of this building from the record of the board of super- 
visors. A movement for betterments began in i86i, when an unsuccessful 
attempt was made to start a new building. Another unsuccessful attempt to 
build was made in 1867, all of which will more fully and interestingly appear 
from the record herein inserted. 

At the January meeting, i86i. Supervisor LeBaron offered the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That it is expedient to build a good jail in Knox county for 
the more effectual keeping of prisoners, which was seconded and determined 
in the negative. 

The following report, submitted at the May meeting, 1863, shows the 
condition of the jail. 

The undersigned committee on jail repairs, appointed at the last meeting 
of the board, would respectfully report: 

That in pursuance of the duties enjoined upon us, we made a thorough 
and careful examination of the jail and found the reports of the grand jurors 
correct in their statements that thorough repairs were absolutely necessary ; that 
the jail was not safe, a mere loophole for the escape of prisoners; that owing 
to the situation of the vault it was offensive and unclean to such a degree as 
to endanger the health of the prisoners and also the family having charge 
of the same. 

Your committee examined several plans for the repairs, taking into account 
the cost and also the security to be gained, and adopted one which has nearly 
been carried into effect, to-wit: Lining the inner surface of the outer walls 
below with heavy boiled iron, riveted to 454-inch iron bars, giving it great 

ToLI U 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 'v-vX: 

.firmness, and affording space for deep countersinking, so that the riveting is 

perfectly smooth on the inside, and preventing the possibility of removing 

/ rivets, and the whole firmly bolted in such manner that the casing could not 

. ' be removed even by the use of suitable tools, without making much noise, and 

a great length of time spent thereon. To obviate the stench and enable the jail 

' to be kept clean, your committee has caused holes eight inches in diameter 

to be cut through the solid rock and iron casings, on an angle of 45 degrees 

; and are now engaged in erecting a brick vault on the outside of the jail twelve 

feet long by five feet wide, to be drawn in when a suitable distance from the 

. : , ground and a chimney or flue therefrom to extend above the roof of the build- 

ing, this arrangement, with close-fitting covers on the iron seats inside of th 

jail, with little care on the part of the jailor, will render the jail as free from 

smell as any building unexposed to the sun's rays can be expected to be. 

When the iron work is painted white, and the stone work well whitewashed, 
' - the rooms will be as light as before the lining was put in. 
' . Your committee would recommend, if deemed necessary by the board to 

have the additional room, that the upper rooms be similarly incased (the rooms 
being now utterly worthless for prison purposes). This might be done with 
much lighter material, and would be sufficiently secure for parties imprisoned 
or held for minor offenses, thus relieving them from the necessity of being 
locked up in cells during the night and leaving additional room for the safe 
keeping of desperate characters, besides enabling the jailer to keep the un- 
fortunate, or those who have perhaps committed a minor offense for the first 
; time, from the contamination of the older and more desperate characters. 
: - 1 Your committee would report expenses incurred so far, as follows: I '..' 

; Bill of Miles Smith for iron, freight, etc $512.70 

Bill of William Armstrong for labor, etc 376.11 

Bill of Joseph Schumaker, draying 4.00 

Bill of Z. W. Stevens, lime, sand, etc 23.20 

Bill of James McCracken for brick I7-SO 

Bill of Daniel Fox, hauling brick 6.00 

Making $939-51 

. The additional expense which will have to be incurred to complete the 

improvements your committee have in contemplation, is estimated at about $50, 
. making the whole expense for repairing the prison department of the jail cost 

.^ a trifle less than $1000. 

We have estimated that the cost of making the repairs to the upper rooms 
. of the jail, contemplated in a former portion of the report, will be about the 

sum of $700. ., . 

Respectfully submitted, >. " , ^ ^ , 

' .'- ,-: '^^^ih ' ' ^' ARMS, . '^ 

:','/<.. . : ; JOHN S. WINTER, ; 

Committee. 

Your committee would further report that an examination of tht dwelling 

: part of the jail building satisfied your committee that considerable repairs were 

necessary, the plastering and paper dirty and broken, and the fencing broken 

' down, posts rotted, etc. The sheriff called our attention to these matters, but 



'::t^' ; V; ;s HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; / -:f 147 

we were disposed to refer the matter to the board, as further repairs are 

required, to- wit : Pointing up of brick work, repairs to roof, and the building 

should be painted and pointed. But the sheriff deemed the immediate repairs 

so necessary that he proceeded to have the same done and for which bills 

will be presented. .'./W'>-"'- >'>' -^ -^ -'-'-''' ,P^ ';'-" :" 

'..';'."'- ' :-'. "^- ' .'-?."- v'U'. -'- ^'-;-'v'':'-'^/C'^' C. ARMS, ...-' i, ' .''''.I''i- 

;--\;:.^ :' ''':':. ": ;.'''' '' /J ;'.'-, '':.' :.^-"- >';'-' -''-v- : '-:: JOHN S. WINTER, ';^ 

' "' ' ''":''' '" Committee. : 

' ; On motion of Supervisor Potter said report was accepted and approved. ; 
January, 1866. Mr. Harden offered the following resolution: '-: 

Resolved, That whereas the board of supervisors have examined the con- 
dition of the county jail, feel that the frequent escapes of prisoners is entirely 
chargeable to the culpable negligence of the proper custodians of said jail and 
recommend that a committee of three be appointed to investigate the causes 
and apply the proper remedy. Resolution adopted, when the chairman appointed 
Messrs. Harden, Gray and Arms committee, as provided for by the resolution. 

April, 1866. Mr. Arms from the committee to which was referred the 
matter of the frequent escape of prisoners from the county jail, 

Reported, That your committee appointed to investigate the cause of the 
frequent escape of prisoners proceeded to obtain such evidence as came within 
their reach, and report that they referred the matter to the grand jury to take 
such action upon it as in their wisdom was necessary. 

September, 1867. Mr. Keightley from jail committee presented the follow- 
ing monthly report: 

In regard to the requirements of a resolution passed at the last meeting 
of this board the undersigned, a portion of the committee on jail and jail 
expenses, would submit the following report: - : .. 

They visited the jail and examined it thoroughly, and found that the same 
is unsafe and insecure, and not sufficient to hold prisoners of bad and desperate 
characters incarcerated therein. That the cells of same are badly ventilated, 
damp and unhealthy. That in the opinion of this portion of the committee 
said jail cannot be made safe, secure and comfortable without incurring a very 
large expense to the county. That a portion of said committee have taken 
considerable pains, and trouble to see and examine other jails and find the 
one in Henry county in every and all respects, as to security of prisoners and 
safety of health, as also its general arrangements, to be such a one as this, 
or any county in need of a jail, requires. That such a jail could be built by 
this county, by working in the njaterial of the old jail, for $25,000 or $30,000. 
That Henry county jail will accommodate thirty prisoners; that our present 
jail has to be guarded night and day to keep its prisoners from escaping, at a 
great expense to the county. 

This portion of the committee would recommend the building of a new jail, 
substantially upon the plan of the one in Henry county. 

- The committee further report, that in their opinion, prisoners cannot be 
dieted with present prices of provisions for less than 75 cents per day. ' ;. /i.-- 
.- , . . . . ..- ;. . :. V ,. - ... H. N. KEIGHTLEY,'.' ./;' 

'' - ^ - 



Mr. Vaughn moved that hereafter 62^2 cents per day be allowed for dieting 



148 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -:''- A 

prisoners. Lost. Yeas, Messrs. Meek, Gale, Conger, Newell, Beadle, Hamrick, 
Swigart, Johnston, Vaughn and Gibbs, lo. Nays, Messrs. Harden, Clay, Whiting, 
McKee, Dunlap, Wykoff, Sumner, Charles, Keightley, Chambers, Hall, Wood 
and Shaffer, 13. 

Mr. McKee moved that 50 cents per day be allowed in future for dieting 
prisoners. Lost. Yeas, Messrs. McKee, Dunlap, Sumner, Charles, Hamrick, 
Wood and Shaffer, 7. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Clay, Gale, Conger, 
Whiting, Wykoff, Newell, Keightley, Beadle, Swigart, Johnston, Chambers, 
Hall, Vaughn and Gibbs, i6. 

Mr. Harden moved that 75 cents per day be allowed for dieting prisoners. 
Carried. Yeas, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Clay, Gale, Conger, Whiting, Wykoff, 
Beadle, Swigart, Johnston, Chambers, Hall and Gibbs, 13. Nays, Messrs. McKee, 
Charles, Hamrick, Wood, Shaffer and Vaughn, 6. ., : .T .. 

Adjourned until 2 o'clock P. M. 

January, 1868. Mr. McKee offered the following resolution: 
Resolved, That this board will hereafter allow but fifty cents per day 
for dieting prisoners while in the county jail. Lost. Yeas, Messrs. Clay, 
McKee, Dunlap, Wykoff, Newell, Hamrick, Johnston, Shaffer and Vaughn, 9. 
Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, Sumner, 
Beadle, Swigart, Miles, Chambers, Hall, Wood and Gibbs, 14. 

In April, 1869, an election was held to decide upon the question of the 
removal of the county seat from Knoxville to Galesburg. The returns gave 
the victory to Knoxville, when the matter was taken into court, where it 
remained until January, 1873, when by the decision of the State Supreme court, 
the county seat was moved to Galesburg. The decision was read at January 
special meeting of that year, when by a formal vote of the board of supervisors, 
the removal was at once made effective. The Knoxville interests soon began 
to circulate petitions calling for another vote on the question at a special election 
for that purpose to be held one week after the general election, to be held 
in the month of November. At the March special meeting, 1873, a movement 
for the construction of a new county jail was begun. In the interest of 
Knoxville, Mr. Lewis Andrews had applied to Hon. Thomas F. Tipton, judge 
of the Circuit court of McLean county, for an injunction restraining the board 
of supervisors of Knox county from building a jail. No notice had been given 
to Galesburg parties, and upon an ex-parte hearing, a temporary injunction was 
granted and served upon the board at this March meeting. Hon. E. P. Williams, 
of Galesburg, Illinois, was employed by the board of supervisors to look after 
the matter. Upon a full hearing of the case before the Hon. Henry B. Hopkins, 
judge of the Circuit court of Peoria county, Illinois, the injunction was dis- 
solved. An appeal was taken to the Supreme court of the state, where the 
decree of the Circuit court of Peoria county was affirmed. 

, The steps for the building of the jail at Galesburg will more fully appear 
from the following record. 

An adjourned meeting of the board was held at city of Galesburg, February 
27th, 1873. 

Present Hon. A. C. Clay, chairman; members, Messrs. P. H. Smith, M. C. 
Bates, W. S. Gale, J. M. Morse, B. S. Stanley, H. R. Sanderson, John Junk, 
Heber Gillis, Daniel Wainwright, Peter Godfrey, George A. Charles, G. G. 



: > ;- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY o' ' 149 

Stearns, L. W. Benson, Wm. Swigart, R. W. Miles, H. E. Stevens, J. W. 
Hensley, Wm. West and John Wilson. John S. Winter, clerk. A. W. Berggren, 

sheriff. 

Mr. Wood presented the following statement from commissioners on public 
buildings: i' ; ' '-;.^; .: .;; 'viVV- 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

* * * The directions of your honorable board have in all respects been 
complied with. That the deeds and leases are deposited with the county clerk 
and are now matters of record ; and the sum of twenty thousand dollars, fur- 
nished by the city of Galesburg, as aforesaid, is now in the county treasury. 

.:..... . Respectfully, ...'V 

:';-^'\'v;.-''/\':/;\->^v-;;. .-*>.,? :,.".V ';' ' J. M. HOLYOKE, ''""'.- 

,.; ,;^ '::-.'?-;';.'. ./^; vU:,;; .-^Vvl v^ v:!: Chairman of Committee. '. ..; 
.- On motion the report was ordered recorded and published. ; 

Mr. Gale, from special committee to procure plans and estimates for a 
county jail, reported that said committee have examined the jails in the counties 
of Henry and Peoria, and examined various plans submitted to them; that 
they have procured from Mr. Quayle, of Peoria, plans modeled after the 
Peoria jail, with some reduction of size, which they beg leave to submit for 
the consideration of the board. 

Mr. Charles moved that the jail committee be directed to report plans 
and specifications for building a jail in the city of Galesburg which shall not 
cost to exceed $50,000 and make such report to a meeting of the board to be 
held two weeks from today. . . . < ; 

Mr. Gale offered the following as a substitute: ' ' ..;..- c- :. 

That the committee be directed to have complete specifications with the plan 
for a jail filed in the county clerk's office, that the clerk be directed to adver- 
tise for proposals to be examined by this board at a meeting two weeks hence, 
that the committee in the meantime be instructed to further scrutinize the 
plan with a view of proposing such changes at such meeting as they may find 
desirable. . . .-. .. ': ; ; J;'' ; / : J 

Mr. Smith and Mr. Bates proposed amendments, but neither meeting a 
second. 

Mr. Charles offered the following as a substitute: .."'..:..; 

. Resolved, That the clerk of this board be required to have published in 
the Chicago Times and Chicago Journal, and the weekly papers of this county, 
the following notice. 



',-,-';;;-';' 1 _--;-..;;:;;:" NOTICE ;-.;: .;..,;:.... .. .;--.,/:... ^. 

Sealed proposals will be received at the county clerk's office up to lo o'clock 
A. M. of April i4th, 1873, for a new jail to be built in the city of Galesburg, 
County of Knox and State of Illinois, according to plans and specifications 
to be filed in the county clerk's office; to be completed in eight months after 
the letting of the contract. The board of supervisors reserving the right to 
reject any and all bids not considered advantageous to the county. 

By order of the' board. ' -i '> -''-'" 

; ' The yeas and nays being called, resulting : Yeas, Messrs. Wainwright, God- 



150 ;>-:V- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ':^,';:; : 

f rey, Charles, Stearns, Miles, Hensley, West and Wilson, 8. Nays, Messrs. ' . 
Smith, Bates, Gale, Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Gillis, Wood, 
Curtis, Benson, Swigart, Stephens and Ogden, 15. Lost, v, . j .: " 

The question being upon the substitute of Mr. Gale, it was carried: Yeas, -.' 
Messrs. Bates, Gale, Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Gillis, Wood. : 
Curtis, Benson, Stephens, Ogden and Chairman, 14. Nays, Messrs. Smith, 
Wainwright, Godfrey, Charles, Stearns, Swigart, Miles, Hensley, West and 
Wilson, lo. Absent, Messrs. Leighton and Soles, 2. .. .- 

Mr. Miles moved to amend motion as substituted, by postponing the time '; 
for meeting of the board for the examination of proposals, until the second 
Tuesday in April. Ruled out of order. :.-; :;:.;'''' -vie!: :'v I fv; ^V"^'; 

The substitute of Mr. Gale was then adopted. Yeas, Messrs. Bates, Gale,;; .; 
Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Gillis, Wood, Curtis, Benson, > 
Stephens, Ogden and Chairman, 14. Nays, Messrs. Smith, Wainwright, God-, ' ; 
frey, Charles, Stearns, Swigart, Miles, Hensley, West and Wilson, lO. I . ' 

On motion of Mr. Ogden the board adjourned for two weeks from today, . . 
to meet again at this place. ; 

March Special Meeting. A March special meeting of the board was held at \. . 
the city of Galesburg, March I3th, 1873. ^ 

Present, same as at last meeting with G. V. Dieterich, H. P. Wood, A. S. i ' 
Curtis, Wm. A. Leighton, M. B. Ogden and James Soles, added. . v ., . .. - ' 

Board opened by proclamation. .; 

Mr. Gale moved that the special order, being examination of proposals for . ' 
building county jail at Galesburg, take precedence of the reading of the min- . 
utes of former meeting of the board, and that the board now proceed to open '. 
bids for construction of jail. Carried. ' 

The sheriff, by his deputy, served a writ of injunction upon the board of ,7 
supervisors, and each member thereof present, at the suit of Lewis Andrews, 
granted by Hon. Thomas F. Tipton, judge of the Circuit court of McLean , 
county, enjoining said board of supervisors from "Letting any contract to build '.' ; 
any county jail, or county prison, or any building of any kind or description; 
whatsoever, to be used, or purposed to be used, for the confinement of prisoners, "." 
or for any other purpose, for which a county jail or county prison is commonly ' > 
used, and enjoining and restraining said board of supervisors from taking any 
further steps whatsoever towards the building of a county jail or county prison." 

Mr. Charles moved that the board adjourn until the i4th day of April next. ' / 
Yeas 9. Nays 14. Excused i. Absent i. '-'. .'..'' 1 ' 

Mr. Hazzard, one of the parties having made a bid for building county 
jail, on behalf of himself and other bidders, asked leave to withdraw their ;: 
bids from examination. On motion of Mr. Charles the request was granted, -^- - 
when several bids were withdrawn, r ;;.;;,:.....:.''-:' v'-';'^""?' ;:! '-' 

Mr. Charles moved that proposals filed by parties not present, be returned ' 
to the parties unopened. Lost. Yeas, Messrs. Wainwright. Godfrey, Charles, . 
Stearns, Swigart, Miles, Leighton, West, Wilson and Ogden, lo. Nays, Messrs. . '^ 
Smith, Bates, Gale, Dieterich, Morse. Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Gillis, Wood, .;:- 
Curtis, Benson, Stephens and Soles, 14. i -.'.-' j '...= 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution: - \ 

Resolved, That this board will proceed to let the contract for building 



;;'. ;^: '; : V HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; v -v 

a jail, conditioned upon the dissolution of the injunction, Provided, the bids ' 
when opened shall prove to be satisfactory. Adopted. Yeas, Messrs. Bates, '.'; 
Gale, Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Gillis, Wood, Curtis, Benson, . / 
Stephens and Soles, 13. Nays, Messrs. Smith, Wainwright, Godfrey, Charles, ,::;: 
Stearns, Swigart, Miles, Leighton, West and Wilson, lo. Excused, Mr. Ogden, 
I. Absent, Mr. Hensley, i. ... 

The clerk called attention of the board to the wording of injunction, and : . , 
his duties. ; ;' . ; 

The board, on motion of Mr. Gale, proceeded to open proposals, received,- ';.-.' 
those previously withdrawn having been returned. '/ - 

''" The bids received were as follows: ;' ' '; '''''//; -X/ ;/ 

Bid of Norris & Hinckley $43,7OO \, 

Bid of Charles Ulrickson, Peoria 37.I5O ' ;' 

Bid of Hiram H. Pierce, Peoria 36,000 

Bid of Frost Mfg. Co., Galesburg 39,75O ' ; 

Bid of J. P. Chapman, Galesburg 41 ,346 '; 

Bid of Samuel J. Parry, Galesburg 41,000 

Bid of A. Wallbaun, Chicago 42,650 

Bid of James Hazzard & Son, Peoria 35.5OO 

: , . : or for brick and stone work 21,643 ; 

Bid of James Sherman, Batavia 39,ooo 

or for masonry 20,000 , , 

Bid of F. W. Menke & Co., Quincy, for brick and stone work 22,972 '/ 

Bid of Johnson & Askew, Macomb, for brick and stone work 28,000 .- 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: :..; -V 

Resolved, That the chair appoint a committee to compare the bids offered 
and to report for the consideration of the board this afternoon the most ,. 
favorable bid, with contract and bonds, it being understood that the contract^ 
and bonds are to be conditioned upon the dissolution of the injunction. - ' . . 

The chair appointed Messrs. Ogden, Miles and Wood said committee. .; ; ' 

Mr. Charles presented the following protest, which after being read, was /' - 
ordered spread upon the records. ; .' . 

. ; "We, the undersigned, supervisors of Knox county, do hereby solemnly-;/' 
protest and remonstrate against any action being taken by the board for the -., 
erection of a county jail, or any other county buildings in the city of Galesburg, 
or for the outlay or expenditure of any of the county funds for such purpose; 
of the entering into any contracts, or incurring any indebtedness for such 
purpose; and demand that this protest be spread upon the records of this board, .;. ;" . 
for the following reasons, viz.: : . ;: 

That any such action by this board would be wholly illegal, and in defiance : / : 
of the injunction issued by a court of competent jurisdiction and duly served, 
and in contempt of such court; and in violation of our solemn oaths to support v ' 
and abide by the law. ': 

Because any contract or contracts entered into by this board, with any ' - 
person or persons, for the erection of a county jail or any other public county .' 
building in the city of Galesburg would be wholly illegal and void, and in de- . 
fiance of said injunction, and in contempt of the court issuing such injunction. i . 

Because a majority of the tax payers and legal voters of this county are . 



152 ;: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :v ;"'; ^ | ;. ;\ 

not in favor of the county seat being and remaining in the city of Galesburg, 
and are opposed to any county buildings being erected in said city, or any 
indebtedness being incurred, or funds of the county being expended for any 
such purpose. That at the election held upon the relocation of the county 
seat, in the year 1869, it was determined by the Supreme court of this state, 
in adjudicating the effects of such election, that after casting out the entire 
vote of Knox township, except 311 votes, there was but about lOO majority 
in favor of removal ; whereas it is a well known fact, and admitted by the 
pleadings in said cause, that there were legfally cast in said Knox township 
about 700 legal votes against removal, there would have been a clear majority 
against removal of about 200. It, therefore, appearing that the real expression 
of the voters of the county at that time was against removal, the inference 
is unavoidable that a majority of the voters of said county were and are 
opposed to the location of the county seat in the city of Galesburg. 

Because the question of a relocation of the county seat is now pending 
before the people of said county, and due notice has been given to determine 
the will of the people of said county, whether the county seat shall remain 
in the city of Galesburg or be removed to the city of Knoxville, by a vote to 
be taken at an election to be held in said county in November next. Common 
justice demands that the people of said county should determine at which 
place they desire their county seat should remain and be located before this 
board proceed to erect any other county buildings, or incur any indebtedness 
or expenditure of moneys for such purpose. That the interests of the county 
will be best subserved by awaiting the final decision of the people of the county. 
That the erection of county buildings before such question is determined would 
be unjust to the tax payers and electors of this county, and injurious to the 
best interests of the citizens. 

Because at the time this board was elected by the people it was not known, 
nor expected, that during the existence of the present board, the county seat 
would be removed to the city of Galesburg. And further, it was not known 
that this board would proceed to take any measures towards the erection of 
any county buildings in said county or incur any indebtedness beyond the 
ordinary expenses of the county, and that a decent respect for the wishes 
of the people demands that before this board take any such action the people 
of the county should have an opportunity to express by their votes whether 
they are in favor of any public buildings being erected in said county, and 
whether any such indebtedness should be incurred, or means expended ; that 
the people should at least be allowed through their representatives elected, after 
due notice of any such expenditure, whether they are in favor of any such 
proceeding of this board. 

Because, if at the election to be held in November next, a majority of 
the voters of said county should be in favor of relocating the county seat in 
the city of Knoxville, there are in said city all necessary county buildings 
(with the exception of some few repairs to the county jail), sufficient to 
(answer the needs of the county, for many years to come; in fact, equal if not 
better than similar buildings in a majority of the counties of this state. .. 

Because the people of Knox county are grievously oppressed with taxes. 
That the county is now largely in debt, and to pay off such indebtedness, will 



.;,;: yv;;;:^: : r;.; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY /;:,;;) 153 

require a large amount of tax to be collected from the tax payers of the county.- 
That the experience of other counties that have incurred large indebtedness 
in the erection of county buildings, or for other purposes, teaches that the 
burden of such indebtedness, and payment of consequent large taxes, prostrate 
the general interests of the county and largely decreases the value of the 
lands, products and property of such counties, and that the creation of such 
an indebtedness upon this county at the present time, without first awaiting 
an expression of the wishes of the tax payers of this county, would justly 
call forth their severest censure and be in violation of our sworn duty to protect 
the public good, and faithfully subserve the public welfare. , X; .--,'. 

Because the county is so largely in debt and without any money in the 
treasury, or present means to discharge such debt, so that to increase any 
indebtedness would be wholly illegal. That before the board can properly 
proceed to erect, or cause to be erected, any county buildings in this county 
a tax must be levied and the necessary funds provided. That such funds do 
not now exist, and that to proceed to erect any county buildings without such 
necessary funds being provided, would be wholly unwarranted by law and 
all contracts entered into for such purposes would be unlawful and of no 
effect, further than to involve the county in expensive and useless litigation. 

Because the promised donations of the city of Galesburg towards the 
erection of such county buildings, and lands on which to locate the same, are 
wholly illegal and void, as lately decided by the Supreme court of the state in 
a similar case, and were and are fraudulently made for the purf)ose of deceiv-r 
ing the tax payers of this county. And whereas it appears by the decision 
of our Supreme court that all such donations can be recovered by the city 
of Galesburg at the expense of the county and entail upon the tax payers 
of the county an additional binder, it is gross injustice to the tax payers of 
the county to erect such buildings upon and in consideration of such promises, 
now known to be void, and of no effect. 

And, finally, for the reasons we have suggested and many others which 
we might urge, justice to ourselves, to our constituents, to the tax payers and 
the people of the county, all demand that we protest and remonstrate against 
the unwarranted, hasty and unjust action of this board. Believing, as we do, 
that the tax payers of this county are already sadly oppressed with the burden of 
heavy taxes, and that could they be heard, they would express themselves 
by a very large majority against the unjust and hasty action of this board, 
and against the unjust and oppressive taxation which it is proposed to infiict 
upon them. And further, knowing as we do, that the farming and producing 
interests of the county are suffering grievously from the unjust and excessive 
extortion of monopolies, in addition to the heavy load of necessary taxation 
and the decreased value of their products, that they look to us as guardians 
of their interests and of the county finances, to protect them a* far as lies 
in our power from any unjust oppression, such as is proposed to be inflicted 
upon them by a majority of this board. We would consider ourselves direlect 
in our duty did we not in their names present this protest and remonstrance, 
believing our constituents and the people of the county generally will sustain 
us and be rejoiced in an action. 



154 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY y >V ; V 

We, therefore, respectfully ask the board to consider this remonstrance 

and to spread the same upon their record.. \ ' I '- 

;.;/- GEORGE A. CHARLES, DANIEL WAINWRIGHT, 

. ' . M " . W. S. LEIGHTON, JOHN WILSON, . 

; :'. WILLIAM G. WEST, G. G. STEARNS, ;' ' 

' " , WILLIAM SwiGART, RUFUS W. MILES, 

.''"-. . . : ; PETER GODFREY. \'v ';:'; 

. - : . '< ',. 

Mr. Wood from special committee reported as follows: V ;'..". 
To the Hon. Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee, to whom the bids for building county jail and jailor's resi- 
dence were referred, would report: 

That the bid of Messrs. James Hazzard & Son was the lowest offered, being 
for the sum of thirty-five thousand, five hundred dollars ($35,500), but they not 
being willing to enter into a contract, or stand to that bid for two weeks, 
provided the injunction served on the board of supervisors be dissolved in that 
time, we accept the bid of Hiram Pierce for the sum of thirty-six thousand 
dollars ($36,000), he agreeing to stand to said bid for said two weeks and 
execute good and sufficient securities to that effect. 

:.,-::;- ;. .. M. B. OGDEN, 

"/';'.-^-r' f ' . ',-\;'" '''/:'.'.';:.'-'. "'-'?^ H. P. WOOD. 

On motion the report of the committee was accepted and adopted. 
Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 
Resolved, That the committee appointed to procure plans for the jail be 
authorized to close contract with and obtain bonds from Hiram H. Pierce, on 
the terms of his bid. Provided, the injunction obtained against the board shall 
be dissolved within two weeks from this date. . ' ' '. . ;^. M ' 
Mr. Gale also offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 
Resolved, That the same committee be authorized to exchange the lot deeded 
to the county by A. N. Bancroft for another lot, provided by such exchange a 
lot equally well situated and large in size and better adapted for a site for a 
jail can be obtained without any further cost to the county, and to locate the 
jail on such lot. 

Mr. Morse moved that when this board adjourn it adjourn to meet at thit 
place two weeks from today at lo o'clock A. M. Carried. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution which was adopted: - | 

Resolved, That E. P. Williams, Esq., be appointed by the board to apply 
for a dissolution of the injunction obtained against this board. 

While the board of supervisors was awaiting a final decision of the in- 
junction case restraining it from doing anything towards building a jail the 
second vote on the removal of the county seat was taken, "being an election 
for and against the removal of the county seat of the County of Knox from 
Galesburg to Knoxville," held November nth, 1873. The canvass of votes and 
certificate of the result was filed with the county clerk and recorded in Vol. D 
of Supervisors Record, page 283, and is as follows: . ; 



;v:' 7 ./ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;v ' 7l:.:: 
or Precincts : ; " -^V ";-.:;;.: For Removal Against Removal 

St. Augustine 4^ : /V' ;r "<<|?v ^^ ; 

Indian Point ' 76 ; "9 > y, 

Cedar 125 > 205, , .' 

Galesburg 9 I59 '^ 

City of Galesburg, ist ward o 225 . 

City of Galesburg, 2nd ward o , 240 /, 

City of Galesburg, 3rd ward O ; v 259 

City of Galesburg, 4th ward o ; 370 

City of Galesburg, 5th ward 4 .; 298 

City of Galesburg, 6th ward o 234 ^ 

City of Galesburg, 7th ward 2 : ' 283 f-'-. 

Henderson 44 -. 229 

Rio 100 . . ^V'S!^ ;; 

Chestnut 221 - - ; ; i**^' ; 5 

Orange 245 ' ;J*; - ^ 

Knox 546 V;. t*;' " : 

Sparta 87 '':'' 206 :v 

Ontario 59 256 ; 

Maquon 246 ... .^ . ; y 

Haw Creek 208 V 

Persifer 162 . ; . ;;; ?'.: 

Copley 150 ^'- 

Walnut Grove 125 . : ', 176 

Salem 276 - 1 1 1 

Elba 192 I 

Truro 135 ^ ' '/ 

Victoria 167 .^ V 

Lynn 84' 



v-; :-;;;. -.,,;;- ;.: '^'-;N.-':--'-^^ -v:-'..^. '-.-a': -^.' 3309 -;;' ... 3785 ;y:%^ 

TV' ''''' .-;',.; ...^.V.'- /-'-/V' ABSTRACT OF VOTES ';/.;:; '-V'... - ' . ''''.,: /^^^.^^.':'.'^.'^ 

For and against removal of the county seat of Knox county. State of Illinois, V 
from Galesburg, its present location, to the city of Knoxville, in said county, at , 
an election held in said county on Tuesday, the nth day of November, A. D. 
One Thousand Eight Hundred and Seventy-Three. 

For removal, received three thousand three hundred and nine (3309) votes. 

Against removal, received three thousand seven hundred and eighty-five '' 
(3785) votes. -^ 

We the undersigned justices of the peace of the county above named were > 
this day taken to the assistance of the county clerk of said county, and the 
poll books for the aforesaid election were opened and the foregoing abstract . 
made in our presence, at the clerk's office at Galesburg in said county, this ; 
I5th day of November, A. D. 1873. 

"' ' ' ' ' ' ' - ISAAC MASTIN/' - ;^v ; V 

:;;" ' '-: ; ^ v' 'v . \-;:-'> "^ Police Magistrate of City of Kno.rville. S;,, '> 
J.''-'".. ::';''"'.-';:'' ;'o^^-r;.~'';/..--;^: G. A. MARSH, '"''-;: 

' ;' ; :^ y- v!^;:; Police Magistrate of City of Galesburg. -[^i^t^^ 



156 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY y.i^:: 5 V 

State of Illinois, ) ' ! >. , . .' :: ^;y ;:.... 

Knox County, j ' ^ ;v^^/..'' ''';.;. '':>.;-v^r,--';V ;.;;; 

I, John S. Winter, clerk of the cotinty court within and for the county 
and state aforesaid, do certify that the foregoing is a correct statement of the 
votes cast "for removal" and "against removal" of the county seat of Knox 
county from the city of Galesburg, its present location, to the city of Knox- 
ville, in said county, at an election held in the different towns, wards and 
precincts in the County of Knox, in said state, on Tuesday, the nth day of 
November, A. D. 1873. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed the seal of 
said court, at my office in Galesburg, in said county, this I5th day of November, 
A. D. 1873. 
(SEAL) , . JOHN S. WINTER, 

. - County Clerk. 

'. At the request of one-third of the members of the board a special meeting 
was called for December 2nd, 1873, when the board took further action upon 
the question of building a jail, as follows: 

December Special Meeting, 1873. At the special meeting of the board of 
supervisors of Knox County, pursuant to a call of the county clerk, at the request 
of one-third of the members of said board, held at the court house in the city 
of Galesburg, in said county, on Tuesday, the 2nd day of December, A. D. 1873. 
Present, Hon. A. C. Clay, Chairman. Supervisors, P. M. Shoop, O. Beadle, 
W. S. Gale, L. W. Benson, J. M. Morse, G. V. Dieterich, Wm. Swigart. Jas. L. 
McCornack, B. S. Stanley, Jas. Johnston, H. R. Sanderson, John Sloan, Geo. A. 
Charles, Jas. H. Nicholson, H. P. Wood, L. D. Shinn and H. J. Vaughn. John 
S. Winter, Clerk. A. W. Berggren, Sheriff. 
^ Board opened by proclamation. :\: V .- .. \:>^'- ' /; 1 , ' 

Mr. Sanderson moved that the business of this meeting be confined to such 
action as may be necessary for the early construction of a jail for Knox 
county, and the examination and approval of official bonds. 

Messrs. Junk, Wainwright and Robson entered. :.;>/.. I 

Messrs. Campbell and Harlan appointed to fill vacancies admitted to seats 
in the board. 

Mr. Swigart moved to amend, by postponing all action in regard to a 
county jail, until the board received notice that the injunction pending in the 
Supreme court is dissolved. Lost. Yeas, Messrs. Wainwright, Harlan, Swigart, 
McCornack, Nicholson and Shinn, 6. Nays, Messrs. Campbell, Shoop, Gale, 
Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Robson, Charles, Wood, Beadle, 
Benson, Johnston, Sloan and Vaughn, i6. 

The motion of Mr. Sanderson was then adopted. .;';.-' ..1; * 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolutions: 

Resolved, That it is expedient to take at once the preliminary steps .towards 
building a jail, and to proceed with the building, if an advantageous contract 
can be made ; provided it shall appear that the entire cost of building and all 
the contingent expenses shall not exceed $20,000 in addition to the amount 
now in the county treasury as a special jail building fund. 

Resolved, That there be appointed at this meeting, a committee of five 
supervisors, to be called the jail building committee; that it shall be the duty 



V':V : ^;; V ; e ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; ;:^^;' 167 

of such committee to examine and revise the plans and specifications now on 
file in the clerk's office; that the committee be authorized to make such modifi- 
cations as seem expedient, not materially increasing the expense or changing 
the style, 

Resolved, That it shall be the duty of the clerk, under the direction of 
such committee, to advertise for proposals for building such jail. Such pro- 
posals to be opened by the board at its next meeting. The board reserving 
the right to reject all the proposals, if none be found satisfactory. 

Resolved, That the clerk of the board act as clerk of the committee and 
keep a record of all the proceedings of the committee. . : 

One-half past one o'clock, P. M. Board met pursuant to adjournment. 

The question being on the adoption of the resolutions offered by Mr. Gale, 
they were adopted. ' .;; s \v:'>-: : -' '-^"^ 

: Mr. Gale moved that the chair appoint the committee provided for by the 
resolutions, and that the chairman of the board be a member of said committee, 
and chairman thereof. Withdrawn. 

Mr. Sanderson moved that the chair appoint committee of five, provided 
for by Mr. Gale's resolutions, constituting a jail building committee, and that 
the chairman of this board be added to such committee, and be chairman thereof. 
Adopted. 

Mr. Sanderson moved to suspend the rule. Carried, when ' ' 
: Mr. Sanderson moved the appointment of a Committee on old county build- 
ings, with George A. Charles as chairman, with instructions to report at the 
next meeting of the board, their condition and the disposition proper to be 
made of the same. Carried. The chair appointed Messrs. Charles, Beadle, 
and Harlan such committee, \ 't^ :'^. ^: -. ' ' ' - 

The chair appointed Messrs. Gale, Charles, Sloan, Wood and Campbell as 
members of the jail building committee. 

At the request of members, the clerk read specifications for building a new 
jail. 

January Meeting, 1874. There were present at this meeting, Hon. A. C. 
Clay, chairman. Supervisors, Messrs. W. W. Campbell, H. P. Wood, P. M, 
Shoop, O. Beadle, W. S. Gale, L. W. Benson, J. M. Morse, Wm. Swigart, B. 
S. Stanley, R, W. Miles, Daniel Wainwright, James Johnston, Geo. W. Harlan, 
John Sloan, Geo. A. Charles, J. H. Nicholson, C. K. Harvey, I.. D. Shinn, H, 
J. Vaughn. J. S. Winter, clerk. A. W. Berggren, sheriflf. . . . . ; 

Board opened by proclamation. 

Mr. Clay, from the jail building committee, reported, that they have as 
directed, examined the plan and specifications for jail in the clerk's office; that 
they have made some changes which meet with the unanimous approval of the 
committee. 

That they had caused to be advertised a call for sealed proposals; that as 
there are in attendance several persons interested in such proposals, they recom- 
mend that the board proceed at once to examine such proposals. On motion 
the report of the jail committee was accepted and adopted. 

On motion of Mr. Sanderson, the changes made by the special jail com- 
mittee in the plans and specifications for building county jail were read, and on 
motion the amendments and alterations made by the committee were approved 
by the board. > .,.>., ;^\ . . .. .- ,,^:;.;..--. ^. - . -......-. 



158 / ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ,:yv; 

The clerk opened and read the bids, as follows: , '. ..'. > ' >'. 

F. C. Smith, Galesburg .$38,300 

Hiram H. Pierce, Peoria 36,000 

John T. Rhodes, Springfield, 111 38,000 

Hopping & Ridgeley, Springfield, 111 35,2OO 

Samuel J. Parry, Galesburg, 111 35,3OO 

Ira R. Stevens, Galesburg, III 34.9OO 

J, P. Chapman, Galesburg, 111 38,200 

Geo. P. Adams, cut stone, Joliet, 111 1 1,200 

Thomas E. Smith, Galesburg, 111 38,500 

W. F. Bushnell, Mendota, 111 33,ooo 

Wallace Carter, masonry 21,940 

Thomas McKee, Galesburg, 111 3S>723 

W. S. Bounton, iron work 4)3OO 

Gindle Bros, cut stone, Chicago, 111 14,500 

J. W. Atkinson, galvanized iron and roof, etc., Chicago, 111 1,780 

Norris & Hinckley, Indianapolis, Ind 37,4OO 

A. M. Hill, Galesburg, 111 39,95O 

Chas. Ulrickson, Peoria, 111 35,86o 

Geo. L. Arnold, Galesburg, 111 36,700 

H. Andrews, Chicago, 111 31,500 

James Shannon, Batavia, III 36,750 

W. B. Bushnell, Quincy, 111 35,ooo 

Daniel Collins, (cut stone $15,000) Batavia, 111 13,000 

H. H. Ward, Chicago 19,900 

Singer & Talcott Stone Co., cut stone 8,6oo 

Singer & Talcott, Chicago, cut stone amended as per specifications 9,57O 

A. Walbaum 38,300 

On motion of Mr. Sanderson, all bids received were referred to the special 
jail committee. 

-.. Jan. 15, 1874. The jail building committee to whom was referred the 
proposals received for building jail, made the following . : , . 

.''v.'^;^'-^ . . _. REPORT '..,;,..-. ;--.;:.,;; 

That they have examined the proposals referred to them, and find that 
the lowest bid for building jail complete, is made by H. Andrews, for the sum 
of $31.500. Your committee are unable to find any person acquainted with said 
Andrews, and his bid contains no other reference to his residence or ability 
to perform the contract, if given to him, than the address of his letter, which 
is dated "Chicago." Your committe would further report that they have tele- 
graphed to W. F. Bushnell, the next lowest bidder, being for $33,000 to meet 
the committee tomorrow morning; and if he has had understanding of the 
modifications made in the plan and specifications, and furnishes good and suf- 
ficient bond, your committee are of the opinion the contract should be awarded 
to him. Galesburg, Jan. 14, 1874. 

In the absence of W. F. Bushnell, and the uncertainty when he m^y be 
heard from, -'__: . . ' ..:':^:' -';.;'' '"' ~ ''::'.-'.'';/.; .'>1.'t--.' 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 159 



:, Mr. Gale moved that the bid of Ira R. Stevens, for building the 
complete for the sum of ($34,900) thirty four thousand nine hundred dollars,- 
be accepted. , 

/' Mr. Junk entered. ,.-;. ' /f'^'---':-;..' f-'':^':^-^J--'^;:'i."-'':.- ^-.^ . . ' - '. "^. .'-':.;,;^-'o':"'-'v-- 

On motion the further consideration of Mr. Gale's motion was postponed 
until half past one o'clock this afternoon. 

Afternoon session. Board met pursuant to adjournment. Present same 
as in the morning, and Mr. Shoop. .: , :/ 

The order of business being Mr. Gale's motion to accept the bid of Ira R. .-, 
Stevens for building county jail, the motion after some discussion was adopted. 
Yeas Messrs. Shoop, Campbell, Gale, Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Robson, " 
Charles, Harvey, Wood, Miles, Johnston, Sloan, Nicholson, Vaughn, 15, ,- 

Nays Messrs. Junk, Wainwright, and McCornack, 3. -::.....*' 

: Excused, Mr. Swigart. . :/ 

. Absent, Messrs. Sanderson, Harlan, Beadle, Benson, Shinn, and Soles, 6. ; 

Mr. Stevens appeared before the board, and presented his bond in the ; 
sum of $10,000, signed by himself as principal, and by Samuel J. Parry, Samuel . 
Hitchcock, E. P. Breckinridge and George W. Brown as securities, conditioned;' 
for the faithful performance of his contract. :"' 

Mr. Gale moved that the bond of Ira R. Stevens be approved, and the: 
chairman and clerk be authorized to sign contract on the part of the board with 
said Stevens for building jail. Adopted. . ; v ,:,t,, ,!;- 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: V; 

Resolved, That the special jail building committee continue in charge of ' 
the building until the board shall otherwise provide. That the chairman of 
the committee act as superintendent with such assistance as the committee 
may provide for. . .^.- . . ,. . , ^ . . v 

Mr. Gale presented the following proposition: ' ' 

GALESBURG, III., Jan. 13, 1874. .. 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County, Illinois: :' 

GENTLEMEN I hereby propose and agree to sell to the county my resi- 
dence in block 45, adjoining the lot donated by the city of Galesburg for / 
a jail lot, for the sum of twenty-six hundred and fifty dollars. , 

;;';;.;..; ;'','.^;\-; /''...^''v^'-'/ivl-' ;/'" Respectfully, ;.''--.-:\' .;' ^\ /''*; v;'^-:'- .'"',;:;.- 

.;. .'.';! . ''; ^^ '.-/: '.-'y'' ':,:.:'." "'', \''\ ^^/;;-'-;'.'^ : '; ABIGAL BURLINGHAM, .VvV;. ..;' ^ 

HATTIE BURLINGHAM. , 

And in connection with such proposition offered the following resolution: 

Resolved, That the board accept the proposition of Mrs. Burlingham to i ; 
sell to the county lot 8, block 45 for the sum of $2,650, and that an order 
issue to her for that amount, payable upon the delivery of proper conveyance :.: 
to the county clerk, showing complete chain of title. - 

Resolved, That the chairman of jail building committee be directed to - 
dispose of the house standing on the lot, to the best advantage. ;. 

On motion of Mr. Morse, the board took a recess of half an hour to /, 
enable members to examine lots on which it is proposed to build the jail. 

On resuming business, Mr. Charles moved to postpone further consideration .;; 
of the resolutions until tomorrow morning. Carried. 

Mr. Beadle, from special committee, in reference to disposal of county 
buildings at Knoxville, made the following report: .. . ,- .- ' 



160 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :C :;;,:. 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: -V: 

We, your committee, appointed to report what disposition should be made 
of the county buildings, located in the city of Knoxville, would recommend 
that they be offered at public auction, and sold to the highest bidder for cash, 

\:.''-:/'./: ; , ;. -'^ ;. - O. BEADLE, ^,.1. ,; 

' '"'.7^;;-V : :\ ' ''';;:.;" '-''^'/- G. W. HARLAN, 

Committee. 

Mr. Charles, of special committee, made the following minority report: . 
' To the Board of Supervisors of Knox County: . .- /, v- I j . 

We, the undersigned, being appointed a committee at the special meeting 
of the board, held on the 2d day of December, 1873, "to consider and report 
to this board what disposition had better be made of the county buildings 
in the city of Knoxville," do report, that we recommend that the clerk of 
this board be hereby authorized and required to make a quit-claim deed in 
consideration of one dollar, to all the county buildings standing on the public 
square in sai'd city of Knoxville, to the city council of said city. Also to 
include in said deed, the jail and lot upon which it stands, being the south 
part of lot No. one, in block No. five, with the exception that the county 
continues to occupy said jail as long as the county desires; with the privilege 
at any time to confine insane persons, or others that the county may see 
proper. Such deed or deeds to be reported to this board for approval. 
'':.*%; Respectfully submitted, . -:; :^^ v : - ! ; ;r V 

GEORGE A. CHARLES. 

Mr. Sanderson moved that the minority report be accepted by the board 
and adopted. On which motion the yeas and nays were called, resulting: 

Yeas Messrs. Shoop, Gale, Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, 
Robson, Harvey, Charles, Miles, Sloan and Vaughn, 13. . . 

Nays ^Messrs. Campbell, Wainwright, Wood, Beadle, Swigart McCor- 
nack, Johnston and Nicholson, 8. 

Absent Messrs. Harlan, Benson, Shinn and Soles, 4. !- ' 

So the motion prevailed. XV /. ;;- T. ''!'; v\ 

Jan. 1 6, 1874. Board met pursuant to adjournment. 

Present Hon. A. C. Clay, chairman ; Supervisors Messrs. Campbell, Gale, 
Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Robson, Wainwright, Harlan, Charles, 
Harvey, Beadle, Benson, Swigart, Miles, McCornack, Johnston, Sloan, and 
Nicholson. 

The special order being the resolution of Mr. Gale accepting the proposition 
of Mrs. Burlingham for the sale of lot adjoining jail lot. 

Mr. Harvey offered the following substitute: X''r - ' 1 

Whereas, It appears that the lot donated by the city of Galesburg to Knox 
county, for the location of the county jail is not large enough for that purpose, 
and it appears that an additional lot must be purchased at a cost of not less than 
$2,600.00; and it further appearing that a lot suitable for such purpose can be 
purchased from the city of Galesburg, at a cost of about $1,500.00 and the re- 
conveyance of the lot already donated by the city of Galesburg; be it 

Resolved, That a quit-claim deed be made by the board of supervisors to 
the City of Galesburg for the lot already donated, in consideration of the lot 
now occupied by said city as a wood lot, on the comer of Simmons and Cedar 



. V:^/^v V-A- 

streets, to be conveyed to the county by said city, and that the sum of $1,500.00 
in addition be paid to said city, in case of the conveyance of said last mentioned 
lot, provided, that said lot be conveyed by the city of Galesburg to the county -. 
within thirty days from this date, and grant to the county the use of the sewer 
on Broad street for drainage, without costs. <\ . 

After some discussion, on motion of Mr. Campbell, further consideration of 
substitute of Mr. Harvey was postponed until afternoon. 

Afternoon session Mr. Harvey's substitute for resolution of Mr. Gale in 
reference to purchase of additional jail lot being in order, after further dis- 
cussion was rejected. . . . ; . 

Yeas Messrs. Dieterich, Sanderson, Junk, Robson, Wainwright, Harvey, 
Benson, Swigart, McCornack and Nicholson, lo. 

Nays Messrs. Campbell, Gale, Morse, Stanley, Harlan, Charles, Beadle, 
Miles, Johnston, Sloan and Vaughn, ii. ^I'l I" .- 

The question recurring on the passage of Mr. Gale's resolutions, the same 
were adopted. v 

Yeas Messrs. Campbell, Gale, Morse, Stanley, Sanderson, Junk, Robson, 
Harlan, Charles, Beadle, Benson, Miles, McCornack, Johnston, Sloan and 
Vaughan, i6. ^: ':.r "./:;, ?^ 

Nays Messrs. Dieterich, Harlan, Harvey, Swigart and Nicholson, 5. : ', 

The clerk presented deeds in accordance with resolutions of yesterday, grant- - ; 
ing the public buildings in Knoxville to that city, which deeds on motion of Mr.; ' . 
Gale, were approved by the board. -/:. ; ' :/- 

July adjourned meeting, 1874. Mr. Gale offered the following resolutions 
and moved that they be laid over until tomorrow morning, or until after disposing 
of special order : ' 

Resolved, That the jail building committee be authorized to consent, on behalf 
of the county, to such assessment as may be made against the property of the 
county by the City of Galesburg, for the drainage of Cherry street, provided 
such assessment should, in the judgment of the committee, be fair and reasonable, 
and for the interest of the county. : /. 

Resolved, That the jail building committee be authorized to negotiate for 
the lot owned by Bancroft, between the jail lot and South street, and report 
to the board, or contract for said lot or part thereof in behalf of the county, if 
in their judgment the interest of the county may require. - : '. * 

Mr. Gale called up the resolution, authorizing the jail building committee to 
assent, on the part of the county, to such assessments as might be required, to 
be levied on county property by the city of Galesburg in constructing a sewer 
in Cherry street; and the board being advised in relation thereto, the same was ''' 
adopted, : , ' - . . '^:'''.--- 

Action on the second resolution of Mr. Gale's was postponed until tomor- ; V 
row morning. ' . 

July 28, 1874. Mr. Sumner offered the following resolution, which was 
adopted: t; ' ' 

Resolved, That the superintendent of the jail building be directed to build 
a suitable and substantial fence around the jail lots, the kind of fence and manner 
of building to be by and under the instruction of the board. 
- On motion of Mr. Sumner, Messrs. Miles. Dieterich and Campbell were ap- 

... VoL Xll . ...... . . , 



102 ' ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . ^.;;:: 

pointed a committee to obtain plan and specifications for building fence on jail 
lots, with instructions to report this afternoon. 

Mr. Stanley moved that the same committee be instructed to report on the 
cost of building walk in front of jail lot, and necessary stone walks to front and 
north doors of jail. Carried. ::.-^ ;''-:. . ' I ^^''-.^ 

Mr. Gale called up his resolution in regard to the purchase of additional 
grounds for jail building. 

Mr. Junk moved to lay the matter on the table, on which the yeas and nays 
were demanded, resulting: ;. =:.J - . ' \ : -...v'^;' : .. i ' ; ; - 

Yeas Messrs. Junk, Deatherage, VVainwright, Sumner, Eiker, Temple, John- 
ston, Nicholson, Wilder and Ogden, lo. 

Nays Messrs. Campbell, Gale, Dieterich, Stanley, Sanderson, DeLong, Crane, 
Donason, Swigart, Miles and Sloan, ii. Lx)st. - "v 

Mr. Sanderson moved to amend by authorizing the jail committee to purchase 
the south half of the Bancroft lot, at a cost not exceeding six hundred dollars. 

Afternoon session. Mr. Sumner moved to refer the matter of purchase of 
additional jail lot to a special committee. Lost. 

Mr. Sumner then moved to postpone action until the next meeting of the 
board. Lost. 

Mr. Sanderson withdrew his amendment, and Mr. Gale by consent modified 
the resolution to read as follows: 

Resolved, That the jail building committee be authorized to ascertain on what 
terms the lot, or south half of the lot, owned by Bancroft, between the jail 
lots and South street, can be obtained, and report to the board at its next 
meeting. 

Resolution as modified, adopted. r ' .r.. .; i' ; .A . I 

Mr. Dieterich, from special committee on fence and sidewalks for jail, re- 
ported an estimated cost for iron fence in front of jail lots, and close board 
fence on the other three sides, and also for stone walks to front door, and door 
of sheriff's office. Report accepted. ' ?>, 

Mr. Sanderson moved that the jail building committee be directed to build 
a tight board fence on the north, east and south sides of jail lot, and a good 
substantial picket fence in front, and where necessary on said lots. Carried. 

September meeting, 1874. Mr. Gale moved that the jail building committee 
be instructed to build sidewalk in front of jail lot of Bloomington concrete, sim- 
ilar to the walks now being laid in the public square by the City of Galesburg. 

Mr. Swigart moved to amend by substituting stone walks. Lost. Motion of 
Mr. Gale was then adopted. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted: ^-i : j . 

Resolved, That the jail building committee be authorized to procure bedsteads 
and bedding for so many of the cells as it appears to be necessary to use, and 
such other furniture for the jail rooms and the sheriff's office as is necessary. 

Mr. Gale further moved, that the jail building committee be authorized to 
procure connection for the jail and sheriff's house with the gas main, and to 
procure suitable gas fixtures for the building. Adopted. 

Mr. Gale, from special committee, reported in regard to addition to jail lot: 
That the committee had failed to obtain any different terms than heretofore 
reported; and moved that the chairman of the jail building committee be au- 



_._,:::-\:':^:^''-^^^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY v>V> 

thorized to purchase the Bancroft lot, north of the east end of jail lots for a 
sum not exceeding $1,500. Lost. '>'/ ; ^ .-":?'- CV V-',-' 

V Mr. Sanderson was called to the chair, when 

Mr. Clay moved that the jail building committee be authorized to pur- 
chase the south four rods of the Bancroft lot, as an addition to the jail lot, 
at a cost not exceeding $800.00. v .. 

Mr. DeLong moved to amend by authorizing the purchase of the whole of the 
Bancroft lot at a cost not exceeding $1,500.00. Carried. Yeas Messrs. Shoop, 
V Gale, Dieterich, Morse, Stanley, Deatherage, DeLong, Donason, Swigart, Sloan. 
' ''' Soles and the chairman, 12 ; Nays Messrs. Sanderson, Junk, Wainwright, Sum- 
, ner, Eiker, Temple, Johnston, Nicholson and Wilder, 9. Whereupon the reso- 
: lution as amended was adopted. Yeas Messrs. Sharp, Gale, Dieterich, Morse, 
Stanley, Sanderson, DeLong, Donason, Swigart, Sloan, Soles and the chairman, 
X 12; Nays Messrs. Junk, Deatherage, Wainwright, Sumner, Eiker, Temple, 
Johnston, Nicholson and Wilber, 9. 

Mr. Clay moved that the jail building committee be authorized to sell on the 
: best possible terms the house on the south half of the Bancroft lot; and to sell 
the north half of the lot if found to be to the interest of the county to do so. 
-' Adopted. .'-.-_ j':. :':'-,'' ;/ 

September adjourned meeting, 1874. The special business of the meeting 
. . being the reception of the county jail from the contractors, A. C. Clay, sup- 
': erintendent of construction, made the following report : 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: . 'rV;, . .-.".- 

. As superintendent of construction of jail, under appointment from your 
honorable body, I would respectfully report : 

That the jail and sheriff's house has been completed according to contract, 
. (except building cistern, and connecting drainage, to be done as soon as water 
in the ground will permit), and the same is now ready for your acceptance. 

As superintendent, I have, from time to time, found it necessary to modify 

and alter original plans, and after consultation in most instances with your 

special jail committee, have made such alterations and modifications as were 

-deemed beneficial, or tending to greater security of the jail; first, when possible, 

, agreeing with the contractors as to the cost of such changes. The cost of the 

jail and sheriff's house, including the cistern and drain connections yet to be 

constructed), is a follows: 

Contract price ; , . .$34.900.00 

Extra to contractor for materials and labor, in alterations, etc 2,452.01 

Making .$37.352.01 

'; And I would further report, that the original ground being found too 

' , small, an additional lot was bought for 1,800.00 

1 That additional expenditures have been made as follows: V .;:. '; , ''A 

Committee visiting jails in 1873, allowed at March meeting, v .;'.. 

1873 $116.50 ^^'^'}^^--;' 

- Paid Wm. Quayle, architect, for plans, etc 210.00 ,- : ^' ' 

. Paid for advertising for contracts 70.10 ' : . '-'v \' 

; ; Paid Wm. Quayle, for copy of plans 8.00 ' "/'-5 

Paid committee, for services, (say) 125.00 

Paid Winter, for copy of specifications IO.OO 539.6o 

;^ :;^;^: Making $39,691.61 



164 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Which sum has been paid, except about 15 per cent,, to con- 

... tractor. .' V . 

I would further report, that an additional lot, under direction ^ ; 
of the board, was bought at $1,500, the north half of ; : 
which with the buildings on the lot so purchased sold for, ' -' ' 

say $900, leaving the south half at a cost of $600.00 

Necessary fencing, already ordered, will cost 628.00 

Stone walks on jail lot, laid under order of the board, as 

per bill 391.00 

Sidewalk is estimated to cost loo.oo 

Grading of lot, and for sidewalk 75-OO 

Gas fixtures will cost probably loo.oo 

Surveyor's bill is 4.00 



Making to be provided for $1,898.00 



Making the cost of jail building and lots, entire $41,589.61 

On which sum there has been paid as follows: 

Ira R. Stevens, contractor $31,450.64 

Jail lot 1,800.00 

Architect, committee, advertising, etc 530.60 



Making $33,790.24 



Leaving unpaid the sum of $ 7,799.37 

I would recommend that you pay the amount due Ira R. Stevens on con- 
tract and for extras $37,352.01, less amount paid to him as shown by the 
report, $31,450.64, and the further sum of $500.00 to be retained until the cistern 
is built, and connections are made with drainage, as required by contract, being 
the sum of $5,401.37; and also that provision be made for work yet to be done, 
such as fencing, sidewalk, gas fixtures, etc. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. ,- ,'':. . / - 

A. C. CLAY. ;. 

On motion of Mr. Sanderson the report was received. 

Mr. Gale moved that the north half of lot last purchased from A. N. Ban- 
croft, be held for sale at $900.00, and asked that the consideration of said motion 
be postponed until after the board shall visit the jail. 

Afternoon session. Mr. Ogden called up report of A. C. Clay, superintend- 
ent of jail, and moved that the report be adopted and that order issue to Ira R, 
Stevens, contractor, in accordance with the recommendation of report. ' I 

Mr. Gale moved to amend by adding: 

To be delivered upon the certificate of the superintendent, that the said 
contractor has given him full satisfaction that all claims of laborers and sub- 
contractors have been fully paid. 

Amendment adopted, and motion as amended passed. | _ . ; 

Mr. Gale moved that nine hundred dollars be appropriated subject to the 
order of the superintendent, to be exf>ended in carrying out the other recom- 
mendations of the report. Adopted. 



:- -^^^ i " HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ . /^ 165 

Mr. Gale moved that the chairman be authorized to receive deed from A. 
N. Bancroft for lot purchased, and pay interest on purchase money until the 
first day of February next, at which time payment shall be made for said lot. 
: Carried. 

; Mr. Gale called up his motion, made this morning, in regard to the sale 
: of the north end of Bancroft lot. ;'-''..;, :.;'.. 

; ' Mr. Swigart moved to amend by directing the chairman to sell and remove 
the buildings on said lot, when 

On motion of Mr. Gale, action was postjwned until the January meeting 
. of the board. 

; :. On motion, the sheriff was directed to rent and collect rents of dwelling 
. house on north end of said lot. ,:.-;- 

: Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted : 
' ' Resolved, That the jail building committee be directed to procure survey 
and plan of drainage for the jail, and go on and contract the same in the mode 
most satisfactory and economical to the county, unless the City of Galesburg 
shall take immediate action for the drainage of Cherry street, on terms sat- 
isfactory to the committee. 

Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which was adopted. '.-',-.- 
' Resolved, That the sheriff be directed to take possession of the jail, and 
prepare the same for the use of the prisoners, but that no prisoners be removed 
until the jail is in condition to receive them with safety to health, and sewerage 
immediately necessary be provided ; and that supervisors Morse and Clay be 
a committee to advise the sheriff as to when the jail can be inhabited with 
safety. 

January meeting, 1875. Mr. Clay, from jail building committee, made the 
following report: 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: '^i-^ ^.'r-:''.'''^f'.''':-- '. ::/> '" 

Since the last meeting of the board, the contractor of the jail has com- 
pleted the cistern and made the necessary connections. I accepted it and made 
an order on the county clerk for balance due him on the jail contract, viz: 
$500, taking his receipt in full. 

: I have paid out of fund appropriated for fencing, grading, etc., $782.60, 
; as follows: . , ; .5- 

. Paid Mr. McMakin for lo mattresses, each $2.00 .,.....;.....$ 20.00 

Paid Stevens & Parry for fencing etc., as per bill attached 697.73 

Paid Monmouth M. & M. Co., for 2,500 paving brick 50.00 

Paid C. B. & Q. Railroad for freight on brick from Monmouth 14-85 

And there remains a small bill for hauling brick from depot, which has 
: not been presented for payment. 

'.' > I would also report that I sold the house on rear end of jail lot for $40.00, 
the best price I could get. 

I would further report that the jail building committee were unable to make 

any arrangement with the City of Galesburg about the drainage for the jail. 

The committee then procured plans and estimates for sewerage for the 

jail of Mr. Churchill, city engineer, and let the contract for building the sewer 

- to Parry & Stevens at engineer's estimate. I would recommend that provision 






166 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V ;;. ; 

be made for their payment, amounting to $1,412.77, and interest from Nov. 
1st, 1874 at ten per cent, v ';/'-;;/:; .-'''[.. ^/ 

.All of which is respectfully submitted. . . .- . 

A. C. CLAY. 

On motion the rep>ort was approved, and it was ordered that balance of ap- 
propriation be cancelled. 

On motion of Mr. Gale the clerk was directed to issue an order in favot 

of Parry & Stevens, in payment for sewerage contract, payable March ist, 
1875, for the sum of $1,412.77, with interest at ten per cent for four months, 
amounting to $1,459.87. 

Mr. Sanderson moved that the sum of $600, being at the rate of $ioo per 
month, be allowed and paid to A. C. Clay, as superintendent in building county 
jail. 

Mr. Gale moved to amend by allowing Mr. Clay supervisor's per diem and 
mileage for i6o days' service. After some discussion Mr. Sanderson offered 
the following substitute: 

Resolved, That the sum of $3.12^^ per day for i6o days be allowed and 
paid to A. C. Clay, superintendent of jail building; and that the further sum 
of $ioo, advanced by Mr. Clay to obtain possession of jail lot be refunded to 
him; and that in payment the clerk issue order to A. C. Clay for the sum 
of $500 for services, and an order for $ioo for money advanced. . 

Substitute carried and adopted. 

September meeting, 1883. In behalf of the jail committee, Mr. May made 
a verbal rep>ort on the question of heating the jail and repairing the roof. He 
said the present system of heating is by hot air, and under ordinary circum- 

stances will answer well enough so far as the prison department is concerned, 
. but in very cold weather it is difficult to get up sufficient heat to make the 

prisoners comfortable and the furnaces have to be run so hard that they re- 
quire frequent and expensive repairs. To fit the furnace for use this winter 
will require an outlay of at least $300. But the great objection to the present 
system of heating consists in the fact that the cells in which the insane are 

necessarily kept, when confined in jail, are heated by stoves, thus entailing the 
great risk of the loss of the jail by fire. Your committee find that on several 
occasions stoves have been taken to pieces or knocked down by insane pa- 
tients temporarily confined in the jail. Your committee has investigated the 

. question of steam-heating and they are of the opinion that the jail can be 
better warmed, at a less expense and with absolute safety by the use of steam. 
; We present to the board several propositions ranging in price from $725 to $975, 
and regarding it a less expensive and at the same time a more efficient system, 
y and removing as it does the danger of fire alluded to, we recommend the substi- 
tution of steam heating for the present one. We also recommend that the jail 
roof be painted and such little repairs made as may be necessary. 

On motion of Mr. Gale the report of the committee was accepted and its 
recommendations concurred in, and the chairman of the board and the chairman 
of the jail committee were authorized to contract for the change on the most 
advantageous terms possible. 

January meeting, 1884. Mr. May, of the special committee on heating the 
jail, read the following report: 



'^':Ci''^ -r HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY " x v > 167 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

The undersigned, to whom at the last session of this board the matter of 
heating the county jail by a steam heating apparatus was referred, with power 
to act, beg leave to report that they immediately entered upon the duties 
devolved upon them; that having had several conferences with the managers 
of the Haxton Steam Heating Company, of Kewanee, 111., they were able 
to make a contract with them to place their apparatus in the jail building 
for heating the same with steam, which contract accompanies this report. 
We further report that we watched the work of introducing the apparatus 
into the building as it progressed and becoming convinced that it would be 
to the advantage of the county to have the apparatus extended so as to heat 
the entire building, we authorized such enlargement of the contract, and we 
report that in our opinion the entire building is now adequately supplied with 
steam heating apparatus well adapted to that purpose. We submit our doings 
aforesaid, together with the bill of $905.84, submitted by the contractors 
aforesaid, and ask that they be approved and the said bill allowed. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. . ; : .. .. 

" . //>:'' s. w. MAY, ^'''-^^.::^^- 

' ' >VV^;-mx---.^^': T. J. HALE, ' -"'^;^;';^ 

.\-il^-'' " . ^ Special Committee. '^.- 

On motion of Mr. Greenleaf the foregoing report was adopted and its 
recommendations concurred in, and the clerk directed to issue orders therefor. 



::^ / ; - :: THE CARE OF PETTY CRIMINALS ;.;;>: -vvi '.':-:;: 

In 1883 the agitation began for the employment of such petty criminals, as 
may be convicted of a crime involving a fine or a fine and jail sentence, in 
some work for the purpose of making collection of the fine and relieving the 
prisoners of the monotony and evil effects of languishing in jail. The jail 
has long and justly been considered as a primary school to the penitentiary 
and therefore a very damaging judgment to be pronounced against a young 
or first offender. The seeming better opinion has been held for many years 
that such offenders should be set to work and even allowed some compensation 
therefor. 

At that time Mr. Robert Mathews introduced the following resolution: -^ 

Adjourned meeting August 6, 1883. Resolved, That the judiciary com- 
mittee be directed to confer with the authorities of the city of Galesburg and 
report at the next meeting of this board the feasibility and probable cost of 
some method by which persons convicted of crime and sentenced to the county 
jail by the proper authorities can be made to work out such fines under proper 
restraint and direction. 

The record does not show that anything was done pursuant to the passage 
of this resolution. ': \ :^:' .-':%'-' 

At the December meeting of the board 1892 Mr. L. A. Lawrence of Yates 
City introduced the following resolution which was adopted. 

December, 1892. Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Super- 



168 ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

visors: In view of the great expense of our county in maintaining so 
many petty criminals in idleness who are sentenced to various terms of im- 
prisonment in our county jail by police, justice and other courts, and believing 
that a well planned and directed work house or house of correction would re- 
duce such expense to a minimum point or overcome it altogether. Therefore, 
Rcsohcd, That the chairman of this board appoint a committee of throe 
members to examine into the workings of such institutions in other counties 
and report at the next regular meeting of this board upon the advisability 
of introducing such an institution into our county. 

In conformity with the foregoing the chairman appointed Messrs. Law- 
rence, Gale and Robson as such committee. 7. -j , \ 

March, 1893. Mr. Lawrence, of the special committee, appointed at the 
December meeting of this board to examine into the workings of houses of 
correction as operated in other counties, read the following report : 
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

We, the undersigned, committee appointed at the last regular meeting to 
examine into the workings of houses of correction as operated in other coun- 
ties with a view of introducing a similar system into this county if found to 
be practical and advisable, would respectfully report as follows: .' I r/^. 

We have visited the house of correction at Peoria, which was organized 
and is operated wholly by the city of Peoria, and from statements made by 
the superintendent of that institution, covering its workings for a period 
of thirteen years and from our own observation, we are of the opinion that 
such an institution is both practical and advisable for the following reasons, viz : 

1st. The criminal and vagrant class, or those who prey upon the com- 
munity at large, are inclined to shun those communities where houses of cor- 
rection or work houses are located. i . ' ' '. 

2nd. We believe that a criminal while held in custody in default of pay- 
ment of fine for misdemeanors committed, is better situated both for himself 
and the public at large if compelled to labor at some useful employment than 
if permitted to lie in idleness especially if he is to be associated with others 
of a similar class, for they will then be more than likely engaged in schemes 
and plans for further and more to be dreaded criminal conduct. 

3rd. W'e believe that a criminal compelled to labor while deprived of his 
liberty on account of misdemeanors committed, will be more likely to seek 
and engage in some honest employment after his liberation than he would do 
were he permitted to remain in useless idleness during his detention. 

4th. We believe there will be less eflFort made in trying to escape from 
custody by those offenders who are kept busily at work than by those who 
are simply watered, housed, fed and kept in comfortable idleness with plenty 
of time at their disposal to plan deeper crimes and means of escape. j .; A 

5th. We believe that a house of correction, well arranged and conducteid, 
can be made almost if not quite self supporting, and thus relieve the tax 
payers of the ever present burden of supporting a class of criminal and vagrant 
idlers. ' --J^. ''^.-- '"' .;^' 

In other words, we believe such an institution will be the means of en- 
abling the thrifty part of the public to compel those who are ever a menace to 
peace, order and prosperity, to pay with their own labor the penalty of their 
misdeeds, while being at the same time reformatory in effects. ;'/]:''; 



;v^:|/. ::;:;;; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY , --j^^- i69 

But while we are persuaded in the above opinion we are not yet suf- 
; ficiently informed upon the question whether Knox county separate and apart 
. from the incorporated towns in the county has a sufficient number of of- 
'; fenders to deal with to justify the necessary outlay of money. If we may 

- suppose that all the incorporated towns in the county including the city of 

Galesburg, would be willing to contract with the county for the keeping of 
; their offenders during their various terms of imprisonment at a sufficient 

sum per diem to cover cost of dieting, then we think the question practically 
settled in favor of such an institution; we have not yet that information, 
but in view of all the conditions of the case your committee would respect- 
fully ask that its work of investigation be continued until the next regular 
meeting with instructions to confer with the authorities of the city of Gales- 
burg and the other incorporated towns in the county and ascertain, if possible, 
whether said authorities will co-operate with Knox county in some plan as 
above suggested to justify the county in the necessary outlay in erecting an 
institution that promises a better means of handling their and our offenders 
against the public peace and order, and also to ascertain and report upon the 
approximate cost of erecting said institution. 

'-vX''-v'-,v\^' ''".-'''."';':' ^>->:'v L. A. LAWRENCE, '^./;'^: ' 

;;.;-.;.-:':'-';?;.''''.! -^^ ''-.-' V ;'': ',;-::;/- ', /Vo/^ /.?-'^-: ^-^ ^- SELDEN GALE, V.:^,-' 
WM. RoBSON, 

On motion of Mr. Burkhalter, the foregoing report was adopted and its 
recommendations concurred in. 

September, 1893. Mr. Lawrence, of the committee on workhouse, sub- 
mitted the following report: 
To the Honorable Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors of 

Knox County, Illinois: 

We, the undersigned committee, to whom was referred the matter of a 
continued investigation of the advisability of building a workhouse in Knox 
county at the March meeting of 1893, respectfully report as follows, viz: On 
June 29th last we addressed to the authorities of the several cities and villages 
of Knox county the following circular letter as embodying the information 
we then desired in the above matter, and asked a prompt reply to the same: 

1st. Do you as the representatives of the village of believe 

that a workhouse is a practical and advisable institution to be built in our 
county? v-.,\:-/' ^'.- '..:/,;:'.;' /.:-'::':::.. 

2nd. Would you, as the representatives of the people of the village of 

, be willing to contract with the authorities of Knox county for 

the keeping of as many of such offenders as may fall into your hands during 
their several terms of imprisonment, as by law may be imposed, at an expense 
to you of not more than thirty-five cents a day for their dieting and cost 
of transportation to workhouse? 

3rd. About how many committals per annum will you probably have, 
judging from past experience, that would be subject to the workhouse, if one 
were built? c '';. ^v' '':.'>- V 

: The above questions can be very readily answered by a "yes" or "no" im--- 
mediately following the first and second ones, and by the suggested number 
following the third one, and when signed by the president and clerk of the 



170 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



village or city, will furnish the board a very substantial basis of action in 
the matter of building a workhouse as proposed. I '... 

By the committee: . , . v . . , L. A. LAWRENCE, Jrl : : 

.' . '^ . --v... ''-.';/'"' '^' :''' W. SELDEN GALE. ''' ^-^ .:';/, 

',;.;. .::f-v...- > ^ - :-.;.. , - -^' .;V'.-\' WM. ROBSON. :-::-^"r'^:'-. 

To that circular letter we have received replies from eight towns as 
follows: : . . ,/^.:r;> .: / ,:..:; 

Names of towns. . . Questions. v : ' ... Annual 

'. "' y Commitments 



: . . , .: . Commitments./;';;"^";,;;;'/; 

1. Yates city Yes. Yes. .-' ; 6 to lo. 

2. Maquon No. No. ' None. 

-; ^-"- '''-''.- . 

3. Abingdon No. No. : 6 to lo. 

4. Wataga No. - - - . Indefinite. 

5. Henderson No. Yes. ;f -^v 5. . ., 

6. Galesburg Yes. Yes. ^ A: 567. , -> 

7. Oneida No. No. ; .- 5. 

8. Knoxville (not by Knox county) Yes. ' .; : 4O- 

Total number reporting, 8. , - v! _ - 

Victoria gives no answer. ; . . r! ^' , > !' 

St. Augustine gives no answer. v - : ^'-'^'J \:.\:. -:,. : 

'Altona gives no answer. :: - 'i-'^V ,- -'^^ 

:; Number not reporting, 3. . v ;".. :V; \ ;\ '' 

Total number of probable committals by the towns reporting, 623. 

Number of committals by Knox county annually, estimated from sherifi 
records (average sentence 30 days), 50. 
-.;. Total number of probable committals per annum, 673. ' I ;-- r 

From the above it would appear that we might expect an average of at 
least ten persons per day under sentence and subject to work house labor, with 
the probability of an increase in the number in proportion to the increase of 
population and business interests. A majority of the towns of our county do 
not report favorably upon the proposition to build a workhouse, yet we feel 
assured that such an institution is practical and needed, and will be appreciated 
when better understood. 

.Two plans present themselves, for carrying into effect the proposed work if 
favored by this body, viz : To purchase land having a dep>osit of clay suitable 
for brick making, and then erect buildings adapted to the safe-keeping and 
working of those subject to such penalty; or, second, to erect suitable build- 
ings in our present jail yard to the carrying on of such mechanical work as 
may be best adapted to our times and circumstances, whereby all offenders that 
may be subject thereto can be usefully employed ; and, in order to further 
develop the matter, we most respectfully recommend that the above plans be 
investigated by a committee to be named by the honorable chairman, and that 
the probable cost of site and buildings in each case be estimated and reported 
at the regular meeting of the board or as soon thereafter as practicable. 

By the committee : ' 

, L. A. LAWRENCE, W. SELDEN, GALE, j ^i 



>:::\;:^,r HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; -\- V:,, 171 

Mr. McCrea moved that the report be accepted and adopted, the roll being 
called on Mr. McCrea's motion as follows: '.-. ' '' 

', Yeas Messrs. Gale, Boydstun, Burkhalter, Nelson, Stanton, Humphrey, 
Pickrel, Lawrence, Pitman, McCrea and Emery, ii. 

Nays Messrs. Byram, Latimer, Felt, Sisson, Reece, Simpson, Smith, Steph- 
enson, Bearmore, Young, Becker, Hubbell and Seward. 13. Lost. 

When on motion of Mr. McCrea the foregoing report was accepted and 
said committee discharged. 

After two such excellent and comprehensive rejxjrts on this subject, it seems 
strange that it would be so unceremoniously dropped. However, at the Sep- 
tember meeting, 1904, it was brought up again by the presentation of the fol- 
lowing petition: ...,;:'.. :; V '-' " -i^: ' ^=. 

^^ V ?:- (^'y PETITION FOR WORKHOUSE v : ' '' '^' v 

September meeting, 1904. To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of 
Knox County, III. Gentlemen: We, the undersigned voters and tax payers 
of Salem and Elba townships in said county, hereby petition that prompt steps 
be taken by you for the organization and construction of a workhouse in Knox 
county, Illinois, whereby those who are found guilty of committing any of the 
misdemeanors enumerated in the laws, ordinances or statutes of the munici- 
palities of our county or of the state at large may be compelled by their labor 
to defray the expense of their keeping while under sentence as provided in the 
criminal code of the statute of Illinois. 

We believe that such a provision will have a tendency to lessen the number . 
of misdemeanors committed and reduce the expense of the county in connection 
with the same. 

Said petitions being signed by one hundred forty-six residents of Salem 
township and nine residents of Elba township. 

On motion of Mr. Me Williams the above p>etitions were made a special 
order of business for Thursday at 10:30 o'clock A. M. 

Thursday morning. The hour of 10:30 having arrived, on motion of Mr. 
Sawyer, the matter relating to the petition for a workhouse for Knox county 
was referred to the police committee with instructions to report at the next 
regular meeting of this board. 

Nothing was done and four years went by before anything further appears 
on the subject, 
i At the December meeting, 1908, the following appears of record: 

December, 1908. Mr. Barlow read the following report of the special 
committee on the employment of prisoners, and moved its adoption : 

''.-:' GALESBURG, 111., November 28, 1908. 

To the Honorable Chairman and members of the Board of Supervisors of the 

County of Knox and State of Illinois: 

GENTLEMEN The Committee apf>ointed by your honorable body to confer 
with a like committee to be appointed by the honorable mayor and city council ' 
of the city of Galesburg, beg leave to submit the following report: 

Your committee, together with the committee appointed by the city council, 
met on the evening of November 28th, 1908, and after thoroughly discussing 



172 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

'- the question of finding employment for persons held in custody both at the 
county jail and city prison, we the undersigned committee, would respectfully 
recommend that the county and city join together in securing a suitable place 
for a rock pile, whereon those persons held in custody could be made to work. 

- And the product from such labor be used to improve the streets and roads 
'"'",. within the city and county. K\ - s.\;; .- /;../ ;j- .? :: 

Signed by the committee. .7*'-; 

' , AMES A. BARLOW, C. A. PALMGREN, ' ' 
1 'X -^ . ;; S. M. WHITING, J. P. MCDERMOTT, 

'-'-''- :.-''.;^:;>--^'- ''.:,." O.J.JOHNSON. .-.l-^:-' :"/;'.- 

Mr. Robson offered as a substitute to the motion of adoption of the report 
that the consideration thereon be deferred until 1 130 P. M., which was adopted. 
On motion of Mr. McWilliams the board adjourned until i :3o P. M. 
The hour for consideration of the report of the special committee on the 
employment of prisoners, on motion of Mr. Barlow, said report was adopted. 
. employment of prisoners having arrived, on motion of Mr. Barlow, said report 
was adopted. 

On motion of Mr. Hoxworth the special committee on employment of prison- 
: ers was continued and directed to report at the next meeting the plan and 
probable expense to the county to carry out the plan proposed. 

It seems that a motion to ascertain the cost of any proposed improvement 
of this kind was sufficient to postpone action indefinitely. However, at the 
December meeting 1910 Mr. Barlow brought up the question again in such a 
way that results were finally obtained. 

December, 1910. Mr. Barlow brought up the question of a rock pile or a 

workhouse for the prisoners in the county jail, and offered a motion that the 

chair appoint a new committee of three members of the board to confer with 

; the city authorities of the city of Galesburg on the question of preparing a 

^ place for working the prisoners in the county jail. 

The time having arrived which was set for the special order of business the 
'': resolution presented by the special committee was read, and on motion of Mr. 
Robson, was adopted. 

The chairman then announced that he would appoint Messrs. Barlow, Burn- 

. side and Whiting as members of the committee to confer with the city authorities 

of the city of Galesburg on the matter of the employment of the prisoners 

in the county jail in some suitable place. ,; v i ;' ' . 

; March, 1911. Mr. Barlow, of the special committee on employment of 

prisoners, presented the following report, which on motion of Mr. Clark, was 

adopted and its recommendation concurred in: 

. . GALESBURG, 111., March 22, 1911. 

.. To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

GENTLEMEN Your committee, to whom was referred the matter of seciir- 
; ing a suitable place wherein the convicts held in our county jail from time to 
V time might be required to crack rock or perform other kinds of manual labor, 
wish to make the following report: 

We had a meeting with the chairman of the committee appointed by the city 
council to co-operate with us on the above proposition, and we find that they 
are quite anxious to take hold with us and help to secure a suitable place for 



^;v; ^; ( : r. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 173 

same. Therefore your committee would recommend that they be given power 
to get options on what they consider to be suitable property, acting jointly with 
the committee appointed by the city council with a view of each, the county and 
city, bearing one-half the expense incurred in procuring such a site and improve- 
ment of same, and report their findings at the April meeting of said Board. 

;'.--vvV: ^ / ;;.^: . ;. RespectfuIIy submitted, ..:>;. v . 

/:";':.'-. ^i ;' -;';:'^;;;.._. -^^_:/:,..-^. Signed: AMES A. BARLOW, . :^V' 

"'' V-'' Y ;-^T..''-\ ''.''^/x.i^.';^./.^/^,, .,.:,....-..:., S. M. WHITING, '':{: 

v; .. ' -'..^^/'' - ' ' ''; ''''.':i^.i ':'. V^^,;^- '',:-''.''' ^'' ' '' T. E. BURNSIDE, :' . 

.'':;.-..'.'.;..=> :'. .y>.V.:.v, ^y,:~ -'"'; ,^'. ,;.''.' Committee. ''.'.. 

September, 1911. The following report of the special committee on work- 
house was presented and read, which, upon motion of Mr. Robson, was ap- 
proved and its recommendations concurred in : 
To the Honorable Chairman and Gentleman of the Board of Supervisors: 

; Your special committee appointed by this board to confer with authorities 
of the city of Galesburg in regard to the matter of the establishing of a work- . 
house, beg leave to report that in conjunction with a committee appointed by 
the city council of the city of Galesburg purchased a parcel of ground described 
as the west four rods of lots one (i) and two (2) in the subdivision of 
original lot one (i) in block forty-five (45) in the city of Galesburg, Knox 
county, Illinois, said tract or lot being adjacent to the property on which the 
county jail is located, for the sum of three thousand dollars ($3000.00), one- 
half of which purchase price is to be paid by Knox county. The deed for said 
property has been executed and delivered and has, by your joint committee, 
been placed in the custody and keeping of the city clerk of the city of Gales- 
burg. Your committee would further report that they have entered into a 
joint agreement with the committee of the city council of the city of Gales- - 
burg, placing the control and management of the premises above referred to 
for rental purposes in the hands of Frank F. Seaman, sheriff, or his successors 
in office, which said agreement is presented with this report and we recommend 
that it appear herewith in the record of the proceedings of this board. 

' Your committee would recommend that their action as above reported, be 
approved by this board, and we would further recommend that the sum of 
fifteen hundred dollars ($1500.00) be included on the county tax levy for the 
purpose of payment of the portion of the purchase price of said workhouse 
premises to be borne by the county. 

: We would further recommend that the county clerk be authorized to issue a 
county clerk's order for the sum of fifteen hundred and twenty-seven dollars, 
payable to the undersigned members of the special committee, in payment of 
the note for the money advanced for the purchase price of said workhouse lot, 
which was signed by your committee, together with the interest due on said note 
to this date. 

We would further recommend that the sum of two hundred fifty ($250.00) 
dollars also be included in the county tax levy for the purpose of making the 
necessary improvements on said premises. .' ' 

All of which is respectfully submitted. T, E. BURNSIDE, 

'..;>,. -..:,.-.-..-:......-...... ..-.,- v. , ,. / ^ W. H. PANKEY, 



' ^'' '-'- -- '' '-*"--'' 



174 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .: ;^ 

' . ' -.-.--.y-- 

. ' THIS AGREEMENT made and entered into this 24th day of June, A. D. 1911, 
by and between the county of Knox, party of the first part, and the city of 
Galesburg, Illinois, party of the second part, 

IVitncsscth: That it is mutually agreed by and between the parties hereto, 
each being an owner in common of an undivided one-half (J/^) interest in the 
west four (4) rods of Lots one (i) and two (2) in the subdivision of original 
Lot one (i) in Block forty-five (45) in the city of Galesburg, Knox county, 
Illinois, that the control and management of said premises, for rental purposes 
shall be placed in the hands of F. F. Seaman, sheriff, or his successor in office 
and that the said F. F. Seaman or his successor, shall be and is hereby empoweretl 
as agent of both parties hereto to execute and sign all the necessary papers 
or instruments incident to the leasing said premises, and is empowered to sign 
same and when so signed such papers shall have the same force and virtue 
as though signed by the parties hereto; but this authority shall not extend 
to the making of deeds or incumbrances against said land or the execution of 
instruments for such purposes; and the said F. F. Seaman or his successor 
is hereby authorized and employed to collect all rents and profits from said 
property and to apply the same to the proper care and maintenance of said 
premises and any sums remaining in his hands after such expenses shall at the 
end of each six months be paid over by him, one-half to each of the parties 
hereto, at the same time rendering to each of said parties an itemized statement 
of the receipts and expenditures by him as such agent. 

. Witness our hands and seals the day and year first above written. Two 
pages, executed in duplicate. . ,, 

COUNTY OF KNOX, IN THE STATE OF ILLINOIS 

'-'':'{ By T. E. BuRNsiDE, -^-v . (SEAL) 

.. . , A. I. SARGENT, ^ . ,. -v . v (SEAL) 

. ; ! and W. H. PANKEY. v: - (SEAL) 

. ' CITY OF GALESBURG, ILLINOIS . / . , 

V ' By J. F. GRETTA, . ^ (SEAL) 

and H. O. CHAMBERS. . - -'.';. >':;;', ; (SEAL) 

Mr. Robson offered a motion, which prevailed, that the present special 
committee on workhouse be retained with power to carry out the recommenda- 
tions contained in their report. 

December, 1911. Mr. Burnside of the special committee on workhouse pre- 
sented the following report, which was read, and on motion of Mr. Robson 
was accepted by the board and its recommendations concurred in: , . 

To the Honorable Board of Superz-isors of Knox County, Illinois: 

GENTLEMEN : Your special committee appointed by the board of supervisors 
on jail yard beg leave to submit the following report: C. x J j; ; ' 

Together with the special committee of the city council of the city of Gales- 
burg we have improved said property by placing a new fence and shed on 
jail yard, and also by making some needed repairs on the house. Since acquir- 
ing title and improving said property there has been a legal question raised 
as to the sentencing of prisoners to labor. We have requested the state's 
attorney to furnish a resolution in relation to the matter, which is herewith 
attached. 

We also beg leave to submit bills incurred in the improvement of said 



..V;'; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V;/ 176 

property owned jointly by Knox county and the city of Galesburg, amounting 
to $422.93, of which said amount Knox county is to pay one-half, to-wit, $211.47, r' 
which your committee recommended be allowed and the clerk be directed to 
issue an order to Frank F. Seaman, sheriff, for the purpose of paying Knox 
county's share of said expense. ' ' . .- 

-^--;.-:.v'\'. ..-v^;;.;.. f;;v'' ':;.^\:;;:_,,:^;:/.^;;;;U:;^^;/-.;:;V ^-' T. E. BuRNSiDE, .-v; 

/'>"-'-'^v",- ^-''-"' ':-^(''.--^-^---:^^'^^^^^^ W. H. PANKEY, :;,:.';. 

.'/'' "'"' - v^..---^ :;--.-;..' -^ - -^- A.I.SARGENT. "' 

The following communication and resolution presented with and referred 
to in the foregoing report of the special committee on workhouse, were also 
read, whereupon on motion of Mr. DuVon the resolution as submitted was 
adopted : 

'^ "- / ' GALESBURG, 111., December i3th, 1911. 1, 
Mr. Burnside, Supervisor: r / V , . /: 

DEAR SIR: Pursuant to your request to draft a resolution providing that-'/ 
the prisoners confined in the county jail be required to labor for the benefit s 
of the county during the term of their imprisonment in the jail yard provided '', 
for that purpose by the county board, I have drafted the following resolution. 

The question is involved in considerable doubt, and the various provisions 
of the statute are somewhat conflicting in regard thereto, and in the absence , 
of a judicial decision on that particular question, I have used as nearly as ' 
possible the language of the statute in the resolution. I do not, in submitting 
the resolution, desire to be understood officially as stating that it will be upheld 
by the courts upon a test, but that it is merely drawn at your request in com- 
pliance, as nearly as may be, with the present arrangement that the board has 
provided, regarding the employment of prisoners. 
';:::";:-. ' '\.'\ Respectfully submitted, 

A. J. BOUTELLE, 

State's Attorney, 
' Beit ^^ ^-" - ^^. -'-'- ''-^''^"--^'-'^'=^- 

Resolved, by the board of supervisors of Knox county, Illinois, That any 
person convicted in any court of this state, in Knox county, Illinois, having juris- 
diction, of a crime or misdemeanor, the punishment of which is confinement 
in the county jail, may be sentenced by the court, in which such conviction is 
had, to labor for the benefit of the county during the term of such imprison- 
ment, in the jail yard of the Knox county jail, provided for that purpose by 
the said Knox county board of supervisors. 

Mr. Pankey thereupon offered a motion that F. F. Seaman, sheriff, be 
authorized and directed to turn over the county's portion, being one-half, of 
the rent money received for the house at the jail yard, which portion amounts 
to $22.50, into the county treasury, which motion prevailed. -^^ ..:....; 



-; '^; : : M ALMSHOUSE AND POOR-FARM. v .; ' ;i ^- :" 

There is nothing more interesting to the people of a county than the con- 
struction of its public buildings. It is so natural for people to criticise a 



176 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; , - ^:; / 

- 'I- ..' ~- :::\- t 

building that they begin to do it from the time the grade and marking stakes 
are drawn and keep it up until it is completed. This is true even of private 
residences and it is especially true of public buildings after the wants of the 
county are such as to demand imposing and costly structures. ! ''- 

In connection with the building of an almshouse and the purchase and 
support of a poor-farm, another question arises which involves the policy of 
how best to care for the poor. It would seem that such aid must be rendered 
in one of three ways. First, if the family has a small home, to give such 
family a little aid to supplement such partial support as may be obtained 
from the home place; second, if the person or family is entirely destitute they 
must be farmed out so to speak to the lowest bidder in the township where 
they reside and the expense borne by the township; or, third, the destitute 
persons must be sent to county almshouse and poor-farm. All three of these 
plans may be pursued, to a certain extent, at the same time. A person at the 
almshouse is openly a charge upon the county, which fact is very humiliating 
to a proud person, and such person will remain in his home town until absolutely 
compelled to join the great army of the poor. From the organization of the 
county, in 1830, to the adoption of township organization, in 1853, the county 
commissioners were voting money out of county funds for the support of the 
poor. Numerous instances appear of record where the poor person was 
farmed out to the lowest bidder for some definite time. Upon the adoption 
of township organization each township had a representative in the county board 
and the question became at once a pertinent one, "What can this representative 
do for the care of the poor in his own township?" 

Probably the real question of how best to care for the poor came up for 
the first time for discussion immediately after the adoption of township organiza- 
tion. Is it better to have a good, comfortable poorhouse, supplied with every 
convenience for making the poor comfortable and somewhat happy, or shall 
we continue the old practice of farming them out to be kept by the man who 
would do it the cheapest and furnish food and care according to the price. 
From the immediate steps taken by the board looking to the establishment of 
a poorhouse and farm it is reasonable to suppose that the old idea that you 
must make the lot of the poor as hard as possible to avoid all inducements 
to the people to become paupers was passing away. The conflict of these two 
policies will be noticed pretty much all the way through by a study of the 
resolutions offered. 

The first steps taken toward the erection of a poorhouse was the appoint- 
ment of a committee at the December meeting, 1853, of the board of super- 
visors, when the following motion, offered by W. Selden Gale, was passed: 

On motion of W. Selden Gale it was voted that a committee of three be 
appointed to make the necessary inquiries in regard to the propriety of purchas- 
ing a farm for the purpose of a county poorhouse and the expense of maintain- 
ing paupers on any plan, and to get all the information that they can obtain 
in the matter and report to the next meeting of this board. W. Selden Gale, 
Peter Frans and William M. Clark were appointed said committee. 

The following motions were passed for the purpose of obtaining information 
as to the cost of the care of paupers in the county of Knox for the benefit 
of the committee above provided for. ; -, . ' vV '.::-,:: '. 



' V; f- - HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 177 

, Moved by William M. Clark and seconded by George W. Manley that the 
overseers of the poor be directed to advertise by putting up three written notices 
ten days in their respective towns that they will let the keeping of the town 
paupers to the lowest responsible bidder, provided the bid be satisfactory to 
the overseer. Provided further, that the pauper may be removed at the dis- 
cretion of the overseer. ;-v>- ;:; - ; .. .: -. -: ,. 

On motion it is 

ORDERED: That the clerk make out the expense of keeping the county paupers 
for the last 4 years for the committee appointed to inquire into the pauper 
matters yesterday, - 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the 'treasury in favor of James 
Bunce for three dollars for medical attendance rendered a Swede woman, a 
pauper in the town of Galesburg. 

- It has been a custom of the commissioners of the County court for years 
prior to this time to advertise in this manner for the lowest bidder for keeping 
the poor people of the county, and the custom was so common that nothing 
was thought of it. It would seem that a little reflection upon the subject would 
convince any one that the lowest bidder plan was the best plan by which a 
poor person could be cared for and made most uncomfortable of all, yet public 
work and public policy seems to dictate that way of letting contracts. How- 
ever, if people are driven to offer and perform duties of that kind at the lowest 
possible cost, they will generally get even by making the provisions and care 
as cheap as possible. - 

The committee on poorhouse were again instructed at the May meeting, 
1855, to look further into the matter to ascertain a favorable place to pur- 
chase land and the best plans for a building. 
'::' On motion it is : ^- .-:^H.:;r, -^::v-^^v^;^ 

ORDERED: That a committee of three be appointed to ascertain where is 
best to purchase land for a poorhouse and the best plan of building and the 
probable and best means of paying for the same and report to this board at 
their September annual meeting. Committee on the above, .: ' ;. v 
: : -;;/',,>:; . ; ; .-'^ /;';,>.-.;:'-.' ':^~--' '-;'-^.v--;"'.- ;-/ GEORGE A. CHARLES, vv, 

:'.,:-. ..W'/ '' //' ' . .V-';^-;-"-^'" v'. ';'' '<'';> 'j- "^;.;'"\."i: THOMAS GILBERT, ^f:>'' 

\ ' '" '' '' '' ' ' THOMAS B. Ross. 

:- The further action of the board at the September meeting was taken in 
the passage of the following resolution: ^ .--. 

Resolved, That George A. Charles, Thomas Gilbert and T. J. Hale be 
appointed a committee with authority to purchase the W. ^ of the SW. y^ oi 
Section 21, Township Eleven north of Range 2 east, for the sum of three 
thousand dollars, for a county farm, upon such terms as may be agreed upon 
between the owner, T. J. Bestor, and said committee, or some other farm which 
to them shall seem best, in a sum not exceeding four thousand dollars. 

On January i6th, 1856, at a meeting of the board the following action 
was taken in regard to the poor-farm. 

ORDERED: That George A. Charles, Thomas Gilbert and R. W. Miles be 
appointed a committee to take charge of the poor-farm and they are authorized 
to take full charge of the same and to rent it on such terms as to them shall 
seem best for the interests of the county and the poor. 

,' . ToLI U ..,;^ : :. .-.-...- .... . .:. -; -...-:---,>-- 



178 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ 

The farm was paid for the same day. , ^- ; . : -/ 

ORDERED: That the clerk issue an order on the treasury to the committee 
on the poor-farm for the sum of three thousand dollars, to be applied to the 
payment of said farm and they are authorized to pay for the same and 
receive a deed therefor in accordance with the contract for the purchase of 
the same. 

May Special Meeting, 1856. Resolved, That George A. Charles be ap- 
pointed superintendent of the county farm with authority to make such con- 
tracts from time to time as to him shall seem most for the interests of 
the county and the welfare of the paupers, to make suitable repairs and neces- 
sary improvements and to employ any such assistance or medical services as 
may be necessary, and make report to this board from time to time. 

January Special Meeting, 1857. Rental of the poor-farm. ':...' I. . 

ON MOTION it is ordered that the county poor-farm be rented to Henry G. 
Colgin for the term of one year from the ist day of April next at the sum 
of two hundred dollars the said Colgin to take charge of and keep all the 
paupers of the county at the sum of two dollars per week, furnishing all nec- 
essary provisions and doing all washing for said paupers. -;![.'.. 

Poor- Farm for 1858. January, 1858. Resolved, That George A. Charles, 
W. S. Gale and J. M. Holyoke be appointed a committee to hire a superintend- 
ent of the poor-farm for the coming year and that they be allowed to procure 
stock and farming tools to cultivate said farm and make such other arrange- 
ments as they may deem best, and report to the next meeting of the board. 

Rule for care of paupers. Resolved, That all paupers should be brought to 
the poor-farm, except in such cases as the removal is inexpedient or improper, 
and that in all cases of bills presented to this board by overseers of the poor 
for relief, they be expected to give reasons for their non-removal to the poor- 
house. 

May, 1858. Resolution on poor-farm offered by Supervisor Charles. ' 

Resolved, That this board deem it inexpedient for the county to any 
longer support the paupers under the system now in practice, and ,; | : 

Resolved, That each town hereafter support its own paupers, and further 

Resolved, That the clerk cause a notice to be published in the newspapers 
of Knoxville and Galesburg, of a public sale of the county poor-farm, to take 
place on the second day of the next September term of this board, said sale to 
be made for one-third cash in hand, the balance in one and two years, possession 
given the first of April next, and further 

Resolved, That the paupers that are at the said farm on the said first day 
of April next, be taken to the respective towns from which they came, and 
be supported by said towns respectively. . i .; 

\\'hich resolution, on motion of Supervisor Miles, was laid over for further 
consideration until tomorrow. 

May, 1858. Supervisor Charles called up resolution in relation to sale 
of poor-farm when Supervisor Gale made a motion to postpone action until 
September meeting, to which Supervisor Miles offered an amendment that 
action be indefinitely postponed, which amendment was adopted. 

January, 1859. Supervisor Nelson presented the following resolution: 

Resolved, That the board of supervisors of Knox county deem it necessary 



^- v,;C' V >.; v^:^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY vA < V 

to dispose of Knox county poor-farm, and that there be a committee appointed 
by the present board of supervisors to make the necessary preparations to dis- 
pose of said farm, and that the proceeds of the said farm be placed in trie 
county treasury; and futhermore, in pursuance of "An act passed by the legis- 
lature of the State of Illinois during its session of the year 1857" that each 
town of the said county of Knox, make provisions to cancel all demands that 
may arise in case of paupers residing in the same, and that after the ist day of 
April next, every pauper on said farm shall be removed to the town from 
whence they came. 
' Resolution laid on the table. ..i.";^. :^"- ^;^-- --"A 'I--: 

Supervisor Nelson then offered the following resolution as a substitute for 
the one presented by him yesterday and which was laid on the table: 

Resolved, That the respective towns in the county of Knox be required to 
support the paupers residing in the same in accordance with an act provided by 
the legislature of the state of Illinois for the counties of Ogle and Knox, ap- 
proved February i6th, 1857, and that the paupers that may be at the poor- 
farm on the first day of April, 1859, shall be sent to the towns from whence 
they came at the expense of the county ; and that a committee be appointed 
by the chairman of the board of supervisors to have charge and the leasing 
of said poor-farm, for the next year, from the first day of April next, and 
that the rent of said farm shall be paid in cash at such rates fixed by said 
committee, and the same when collected be paid into the treasury of the county 
to be used for county purposes, and furthermore, that Rufus W. Miles, our 
representative in the legislature, is hereby requested by the board of supervisors 
of Knox county to take the steps to repeal said act "Approved February i6th, 
1857." 

Supervisor Gale moved that action on resolution be referred until board 
gets through with other business. Lost. 

Supervisor Gale moved that the whole subject be deferred to a committee 
to report at next meeting of the board, all information of expenses of paupers 
outside and in county poorhouse, and the expense of the different systems of 
managing the poorhouse. : ' -?:; 

Supervisor Martin offered the following resolution as a substitute: 

Resolved, That at the town meetings in the spring of 1859 the following 
question be submitted to the voters of Knox county: 

: "Shall the paupers of the county be supported by the county, or by the 
towns to which they belong?" After discussion Mr. Martin withdrew his sub- 
stitute, whereupon Mr. Gale withdrew his motion, and offered the following 
substitute : 

.,/: Resolved, That a committee be appointed to report at a meeting of the 
board to be held on the first Tuesday of March next on the subject of paup>er- 
ism, and the cost of the different systems of managing the same, presenting in 
tabular form the comparative expense, by reference to cost incurred in sup- 
porting paupers in former years. 

On which resolution the yeas and nays were demanded, and resulted: 

Yeas, Messrs. Gale, Brown, Martin, Charles and Stuckey, 5. Nays, Messrs. 
Meek, Kelly, Nelson, Titus, Routh, LeBarron, Hamrick, Godfrey, Benson, 
McCornack, Knable, Tucker and Jamagin, 13. Substitute lost. 



180 ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^:I:^v;t.;:, 

The question recurring on the adoption of resolution of Supervisor Nelson, 
the yeas and nays were called, resulting: - j :'.'.' 

Yeas, Messrs. Meek, Kelly, Nelson, Titus, Martin, LeBarron, Hamrick, 
Godfrey, Benson, Knable, Tucker and Jarnagin, 12. Nays, Messrs. Gale, Brown, 
Routh, Holyoke and Stuckey, 5. Resolution adopted. 

The following resolution is given for the purpose of showing the develop- 
ment of the sentiment in Knox county upon the subject of the care of the 
poor. 

Supervisor Charles offered the following resolution which was on motion 
adopted: ' 1 

Resolved, That whereas Dr. J. W. Spaulding and Dr. Taylor of Galesburg 
have each of them appealed from the decisions of this board to the circuit court 
of Knox county in cases of obstetrics where one is allowed five dollars and 
the other nineteen 50/100 dollars, both being pauper cases, and whereas this 
board have by a preceding resolution ordered that each town hereafter takes 
care of its own paupers, which will in the future prevent any further account 
between this board and the medical faculty of Galesburg, and 

Whereas. Under these considerations and to stop all further litigation at 
the expense of the county, therefore. . ; .' ' . : v;' 1 : 

Resolved, That this board allow these bills, or such part, as have not been 
allowed heretofore, which in the case of Spaulding is five dollars and Taylor's 
six 50/100 dollars, said Spaulding and Taylor paying all costs heretofore made 
in said cases, and that the orders be so expressed by the clerk when issued that 
it may be known that said orders are issued according to the spirit of these 
resolutions. 

The chair then named Messrs. Charles, Martin and Benson committee 
under resolution of Supervisor Nelson in reference to paupers and poor-farm 
passed yesterday. ' " .' f. . ^'. ,~" ' . ^'!''-:/-. ;.,-;V'-;'.'::U. v:v\>--;-/1 '..'.- 

January Meeting, 1860. Supervisor Gale offered the following resolution: 

Resolved, That a committee be appointed to take charge of the paupers of 
the county, said committee to be authorized to superintend the poor-farm, and 
provide for taking charge of the poor; to employ physicians on contract, at 
Knoxville and Galesburg and elsewhere where the interests of the county may 
require ; to receive from the poor masters of the county reports of individuals 
in their charge and direct that such person be supported outside of the poor- 
house or returned to the poorhouse, as may be for the interest of the county. 
That no expenses be paid on any pauper outside the poorhouse more than 
twenty-four hours before notice sent to the committee nor after orders in the 
case made by the committee, except on the order of the committee. 

On which resolution the yeas and nays were demanded, resulting: Yeas, 
Messrs. Stevens, Gale, Charles, Hammond. Manley and Jones, 6. Nays, Messrs. 
Meek. McKee, Robertson, Martin, Routh, Swigart, McComack, Stuckey, Knable 
and Tucker, lo. Lost. . ..... 

Supervisor Charles offered the following: ' ' ' - 1 r . 

Resolved, That this board deem it expedient to keep the paupers of this 
county at the county poorhouse, and all expenses arising from the bringing of 
paupers to said poor- farm ; and expenses accruing at said farm be paid from 
the county treasury, and further. 



:?;;: ' ,/;..'; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY x:, >., . 

T'' .' - 

'- Resolved, That this county will pay no expense arising for taking care of 
paupers outside of said farm. 

The yeas and nays being called, resulted: Yeas, Messrs. Stevens, Gale. 
Routh, Charles, Hammond, Manley, McCornack, Stuckey and Jones, 9. Xays, 
Messrs. Meek, McKee, Robertson, Martin, Swigart, Knable and Tucker, 7. 
Adopted. 

Supervisor McKee moved that the foregoing resolution take effect on the 
1 5th day of April next. Carried. 

And the same day, for the purpose of more effectually carrying into opera- 
tion the foregoing resolution, the following was introduced and passed: 
, . Supervisor Charles offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 

Resolved, That there be a committee of three appointed to take charge of 
the poor-farm, and make the necessary arrangements and contracts as to them 
may seem best and proper to receive and take care of the county paupers from 
the 1 5th of April next. 

On motion the supervisor of Knox township, the chairman of the board and 
the county clerk were appointed said committee. 

-.r At the January meeting, i86i, there appears the first systematic report 
from the committee on the poor-farm, which on motion of Supervisor Gale, 
was received and ordered to be spread upon the records. This report is signed 
by George A. Charles, J. M. Holyoke and John S. Winter, as a committee that 
had been appointed to take charge of this farm. It shows the entire expense 
of the farm up to that time had been $789.57. No objections to or criticism 
upon said report seem to have been made. It is therefore reasonable to supf>ose 
that the cost was satisfactory to the board. 

The following report, submitted at the May meeting, 1863, is given in full 
for the purpose of showing a little of the conditions under which the board 
of supervisors had been laboring. Upon the one hand was the poor of the 
county, then increasing in number the same as today, as well as here and there 
an insane person, all of these people needing care and such care as can come 
only from the very best surroundings. On the other hand, was the apparently 
excessive cost of maintaining a poor-farm, well equipped with buildings and 
apparatus, and it appears from resolutions of the board herein contained that 
a strong effort had been made to throw these people wholly upon the town- 
ships, abandon the idea of a central home, sell the farm that had been pur- 
chased for the purposes of a home and the county thereby relieve itself of 
what was thought by some members of the board an intolerable and unnecessary 
expense. This report led, as will be seen from subsequent actions of the board, 
to the construction of one of the finest and most commodious almshouses in the 
State of Illinois and one that will stand inspection from almost any point of 

view. .-'-. .:, \, : , ';.-;"-x,v-; - -': '' 

;':..;'.";=..:-'.; -..vo' ''"'-'''-'':''':'' REPORT '' '~''' ' ' . ;'.^ ^ '.'^ ''-'' 

The committee on poor-farm would respectfully report, that in accordance 
with the resolution passed at the last meeting of the board they have pur- 
chased from F. Andrews, overseer of the poor-farm, his stock thereon (horses 
excepted), to-wit: 4 cows, 3 two-year-old cattle and 3 yearlings, for the sum 



182 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .j 

of one hundred and thirty ($I3O.CX)) dollars. We find that the farm can well 
sustain that amount of stock or more, and that hereafter the increase thereon 
will aid materially in furnishing provisions for the inmates of the institution. 

We have renewed the contract with Mr. Andrews as overseer for another 
year, at the same rate as was paid during last year, to-wit, $525.00. And here 
we would state that we have made frequent visits to the poor-farm, at such 
times as suited our convenience, and would say that we have always found 
the house clean and neat, the inmates contented and happy as persons situated 
as they are can be, and the gradual improvement of the farm, with the good 
order in which the fences are kept, and the property taken care of in our 
estimation, speaks well for the management of our overseer, and the care and 
industry of the matron. 

The regular number of inmates is nine, of which five are insane, two idiotic 
and two claim the sympathy and support of the public from age and infirmity. 
Another case which has caused some trouble is Gustavus Anderson, returned 
from the insane asylum as incurable, but who after his return we found, with 
the present accommodations that it was impossible to keep, as, unless he was 
closely confined or imprisoned, he would continually escape. For some time 
past he had been in Galesburg, and bills will be presented from that town for his 
support. Your committee, with full knowledge of the capacity of the poor- 
house, know that the overseer could not keep him without employing someone 
to watch him. And your committee would urge upon the board, the propriety 
of constructing some good and suitable building for keeping the insane of the 
county, which we find to be the class of paupers which now, as they will 
hereafter, form the principal portion of those needing aid from the county 
authorities, such buildings require to be built of brick, and heated by furnace 
that fires may not originate therefrom, and their erection would be a credit 
to our county. We cannot pass this matter and justify our consciences without 
referring to a case now in the poor-farm. A girl known as Crazy Hannah, who 
has been confined in a small room over three years, unsafe to permit to go 
out and breathe the fresh air of Heaven, compelled to live within four close 
walls, until her destiny is fulfilled ; during all the cold days and nights of winter 
that poor, demented girl cannot approach the fire, between her and it, at a 
safe distance from her hands, has to be placed strong iron bars lest she should 
set fire to the building. With all the "modern improvements" for heating build- 
ings suitable for persons in her condition, are we as citizens of Knox county 
doing our duty to the unfortunate of our county? 

By our direction the overseer has purchased young fruit trees, and set them 
out, so that in a few years the farm will be abundantly supplied with fruit. 

A large garden has been made this season, which will furnish the inmates 
of the poor-farm good and wholesome living and be conducive to their health. 

In conclusion, let the committee ask that the board, in a body, proceed to 
the farm, examine its condition and see what is required to make it such a 
poor-farm as the County of Knox should have, so that its members may act 
understandingly. 

The following is a report of bills of articles purchased by the overseer for 
the four months just closed: 



;,::^ ;:,;:; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ,: ,^: 183 

Thomas Muir, dry goods $ 24.83 

Thomas Higgins, meat bill 19.35 

James Hogg, clothing 5.00 

.; C. L. Stewart & Co., shoes 6.60 

Eads & Price, dry goods 16.63 

J. W. Cams, clothing 7.50 

;./. Miles Smith, hardware, nails, etc 10.09 

N; i R. N. Wallace, groceries 7.65 

"^^^ A. Thompson, groceries i?-?! 

:\ ,;;v \V. G. Jones, lumber 1.30 

-; W. Y. Miller, fruit trees ^'* 10.30 

^': Eiker & Bro., flour ..^^^y 12.50 

' " B. Booth, blacksmithing 7.55 

F. Andrews, cash for molasses $ 5.00 

80 gal. soap at 2oc i6.oo 21.00 

Making $i68.oi 

For which your committee ask that orders may be passed in payment to the 
parties named and would also ask that an order issue in favor of F. Andrews 
for $130, the purchase price of the stock, bought under direction of the board, 
by us. : , -... -;;. ,-/ - ... -.,. 

. - ..,;. Respectfully submitted, 

;'\. :r.x:.V -' ''-':^";''.f'-. JOHN S. WINTER, 

';i'--;^^'^''^^ V?'' v^'--T^v '-':, :-H'^'V C. ARMS, 

Committee. 

Which report on motion of Supervisor Mathews was accepted and approved. 
Whereupon the Clerk was instructed to issue orders in payment to the parties 
named for the sums specified in the report. .:;':. 

At the same term the board passed the following resolution : 

Supervisor Mathews moved that a committee of three be appointed to obtain 
information as to the plans and cost of erecting such a building on the poor- 
farm for the safe and comfortable keeping of the insane of the county as is 
contemplated in the report of the committee on the poor-farm, and required by 
the county, and report at the September meeting of this board. Adopted. 

The chair appointed Messrs. Davis, Arms and Winter said committee. 
,. : May Meeting, 1864. Supervisor Nelson offered the following resolution: 
' ; Resolved, That from and after the first day of June, A. D. 1864, that all 
persons becoming chargeable as paupers remaining in the different towns of 
Knox county, and the same being sick, in such a manner as to be unable to 
be removed to the county poor-farm during such sickness, the same being 
certified to by the overseer of the poor and attending physician; all such bills 
that are reasonable attending such sickness, together with a reasonable bill for 
a physician, be allowed and paid by the board of supervisors of Knox county, 
when said bills shall be presented. 

On which resolution the yeas and nays were called resulting: Yeas, Messrs. 
Finch, Stewart, Nelson and Heflin, 4. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Lowrie, Newell, 
Hagey, Arms, Holyoke, LeBarron, Potter, Pickrell, McComack, Stuckey, 
Knable, Nicholson, Shaffer, Lyons and Gibbs, i6. 



184 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

At the September special meeting, held January, 1865, the committee on 
poor- farm closed their report with the following appeal for something to be 
done to relieve the deplorable conditions at the poorhouse. 

Your committee do not feel willing to let this meeting pass without calling 
the serious attention of this Board to the condition of these poor, unfortunate 
beings whom God has committed to our especial care a trust that your com- 
mittee feel this honorable board has not discharged. There is but one very 
poor building for the poor master's^ family and the paupers, having six rooms 
below and two small chambers, a hall running through the building divides the 
lower rooms, two rooms and a small store room on one side are occupied by 
the family. On the other side, the two larger rooms are used during the day 
by the paupers and the small room has been fitted up as a grated cell for Crazy 
Hannah, a grated partition separating her from the stove. 

At night the paupers, many of whom are idiotic or insane, are locked up 
in the two small chambers, and this with the present class of inmates, has 
to be done irrespective of numbers, and almost of the condition of the paupers. 
From this brief statement it will be seen how illy adapted the premises are 
to purposes of a poorhouse, even when all are in health; but when any are 
sick it is impossible to make them comfortable, and especially is this so when, 
as in the case of the man with the frozen feet, it becomes as a loathsome pest- 
house, not only to the paupers but to the poor master and his family, the stench 
from the gangrened foot filling every part of the building, and sickening the 
inmates. 

In view of these facts, your committee most earnestly call upon this board 
to take some steps to make such improvements that it may no longer with truth 
be said, "That the poorhouse is a disgrace to Knox county." 

All of which is respectfully submitted, 

- R. W. MILES, 

' ' :'-....': '.;'.:-;' ,^- .-'. ^ -.. :.;' JOHN S. WINTER, 

'^- -^ :'--;-' '":,';''" '' ' '";-'..'/-'' CEPHAS ARMS, 

: ' Committee. 

On motion of Supervisor Stewart, it was ordered that an appropriation not 
to exceed the sum of two thousand dollars be made to the committee on the 
poor-farm, to build a suitable dwelling for the poor master, and to make such 
repairs on the present building as may be needed to make it comfortable for 
the paupers. 

April, 1865. Report of poor-farm committee: 

Mr. Arms from committee on poor-farm made the following report, which 
was on motion accepted and approved, and the clerk directed to issue orders 
to the parties named in accordance with said report: 

Your poor-farm committee report that they have renewed the contract 
with Mr. Andrews as overseer of the poor-farm for the present year on the 
same terms as last year, viz. : $600 ; that the paupers, twelve in number, have 
been made as comfortable, your committee believes, as the circumstances of the 
case would admit. 

We have contracted for the erection of a building on the farm for the over- 
seer's family in accordance with the action of the board at its January meet- 
ing, which is now in process of erection, and when completed will give the 






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184 ; . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' .. 

At the September special meeting, held January, 1865, the committee on 
poor-farm closed their report with the following appeal for something to be 
done to relieve the deplorable conditions at the poorhouse. I : ' 

Your committee do not feel willing to let this meeting pass without calling 
the serious attention of this Board to the condition of these poor, unfortunate 
beings whom God has committed to our especial care a trust that your com- 
mittee feel this honorable board has not discharged. There is but one very 
poor building for the poor master's- family and the paupers, having six rooms 
below and two small chambers, a hall running through the building divides the 
k)wer rooms, two rooms and a small store room on one side are occupied by 
the family. On the other side, the two larger rooms are used during the day 
by the paupers and the small room has been fitted up as a grated cell for Crazy . 
Hannah, a grated partition separating her from the stove. 

At night the paupers, many of whom are idiotic or insane, are locked up 
in the two small chambers, and this with the present class of inmates, has 
to be done irrespective of numbers, and almost of the condition of the paupers. 
From this brief statement it will be seen how illy adapted the premises are 
to purposes of a poorhouse, even when all are in health ; but when any are 
sick it is impossible to make them comfortable, and especially is this so when, 
as in the case of the man with the frozen feet, it becomes as a loathsome pest- :. 
house, not only to the paupers but to the poor master and his family, the stench 
from the gangrened foot filling every part of the building, and sickening the 
inmates. 

In view of these facts, your committee most earnestly call upon this board 
to take some steps to make such improvements that it may no longer with truth 
be said. "That the poorhouse is a disgrace to Knox county." 

All of which is respectfully submitted, . ' 

. /:'':;;' R. W. MILES, > 

. ' i '. . . JOHN S. WINTER. 

'^;^. : CEPHAS ARMS, 

Committee. 

On motion of Supervisor Stewart, it was ordered that an appropriation not 
to exceed the sum of two thousand dollars be made to the committee on the 
poor-farm, to build a suitable dwelling for the poor master, and to make such 
repairs on the i)resent building as may be needed to make it comfortable for 
the paupers. 

April, 1865. Report of poor-farm committee: -' . . . L . 

Mr, Arms from committee on poor-farm made the following report, which 
was on motion accepted and approved, and the clerk directed to issue orders 
to the parties named in accordance with said report: 

Your poor-farm committee report that they have renewed the contract 
with Mr, Andrews as overseer of the poor-farm for the present year on the 
same terms as last year, viz.: $600; that the paupers, twelve in number, have 
been made as comfortable, your committee believes, as the circumstances of the 
case would admit. 

We have contracted for the erection of a building on the farm for the over- ;. 
seer's family in accordance with the action of the board at its January meet- 
ing, which is now in process of erection, and when completed will give the 



. ^-. - .- - - 

-''*; .''' 




HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 185 

whole of the main building for the accommodation of the paupers. We have 
audited the several bills presented for articles furnished to the poor-farm, and 
recommend that orders issue in favor of the persons, aggregating $587.98. 

R. VV. MILES, 
JOHN S. WINTER, 
rf '': CEPHAS ARMS, 

Committee. 

September, 1865. The undersigned committee on the poor-farm would 
respectfully report : 

That in compliance with the order of the board we have built upon the 
poor- farm a dwelling house 18x30 feet in size, one and one-half stories high 
with a good cellar under the whole building, and that the same has been done 
in a substantial manner; that we have had both ends of the poorhouse new 
sided, and made other repairs to said building as we deemed necessary ; that 
the entire cost of said new building, and repairs on the old house, amount to 
$1487.12. We would further state that owing to the number of flies we did not 
think it best to finish painting the buildings until fall. 

January, 1866. The clerk then read a circular from the superintendent 
of the Illinois hospital for the insane, when Mr. Gale offered the following 
resolution, which was unanimously adopted: 

Resolved, That the committee on the poor-farm have discretion to provide 
for the support of insane paupers in the state hospital for the insane. 

On motion of Mr. Gale it was ordered that the poor-farm committee be 
instructed to examine and report what action is necessary for the proper care 
and support of the incurable insane of the county. 

Mr. Gate then presented the following resolution : 

That this board will pay the expense incurred by the poor-farm commit- 
tee, in preparing report and plans for the improvement of the poorhouse and 
premises to be made for the care of the insane, and full compensation for the 
time spent by the members of the committee. 

That the said committee be authorized to make temporary provision for 
the care of the insane so far as the present arrangements of the poorhouse are 
insufficient. 
April, 1866. Mr. Gale offered the following resolutions, which were adopted : 

Resolved, That the question relating to the construction of a poorhouse 
be referred to a committee to consist of the poor-farm committee and two other 
supervisors Messrs. Beadle and Harden. 

That the committee be instructed to re-examine the subject, and to consider 
the propriety of so modifying the proposed plans as to require the erection of 
a building suitable to the present wants of the county and capable of economical 
extension as the wants of the county increase. ;; : 

That the committee also consider the necessity or propriety of purchasing 
an addition to the poor-farm, and also the advantages of a re-location on other 
grounds. 

That this committee report at the next meeting, or at a special meeting to 
be called for the purpose by advice of such committee. 

May, 1866. On motion it was ordered that a special meeting of this board 
be held on the last Tuesday of May, being the 29th day of said month. 



186 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

May Special, 1866. Mr. Rhea offered the following preamble and reso- 
lution : 

]Vhereas, It is due to humanity that we should look well to the comfort 
and welfare of our fellow beings whose misfortune it is to be thrown upon 
-the charity of our county, therefore 

Resolved, That this board adopt the plan on exhibition in the clerk's 
office, drawn by W. W. Boyington of Chicago, for a poorhouse, and that we 
erect the following portions of said plan : the middle or steward's apartments, 
:' with the right wing of said plan, and that the balance of said plan be built 
. and completed as soon as the demands require, any resolution of the board 
to the contrary; and that there be a building committee of three appointed to 
let and make a contract for said portions of plan mentioned above, and that 
the entire job be let to the same party, the said party giving bonds and security 
in double the cost of said building for the faithful performance of their duties 
and for further security to the county, the county shall retain one-third of the 
entire costs of said building until it is inspected and approved. 

Mr. Gale offered the following substitute : 

Resolved, That the committee appointed at the last meeting to whom was 
referred the questions relating to the construction of a poorhouse, be authorized 
to purchase the northwest quarter of Section ^4, ii N. i east, at a price not 
exceeding $7,600, if a perfect title can be had, and that the same committee 
be authorized to proceed to the erection on said grounds of a poorhouse on 
the plan recommended by the poor-farm committee at the last meeting, so much 
to be finished this season as is needed for present use. 

Resolution adopted. , 

;',. Mr. Conger presented the following resolution: ' ' 

Resolved, That the committee appointed to erect the poorhouse be authorized 
to borrow money on the credit of the county to such extent as may be necessary 
to meet their expenditures. On motion of Mr. Sanderson it was ordered that the 
clerk be added to said committee. 

June Special Meeting, 1866. The chairman directed the clerk to read the 
call under which this meeting is held, which is as follows : 
, . "To James J. Egan, Clerk of the Board of Supervisors of Knox County, State 

of Illinois: 

"The undersigned being one-third of the members of the board of super- 
visors of Knox county, do request that a special meeting of said board will be 
held, to convene on the I2th day of June, A. D. 1866, at the court house in the 
City of Knoxville, to re-examine the matter of the location or re-location of the 
poor-farm. Dated this 2nd day of June, A. D. 1866. 
, , "RuFus W. MILES, "Wn. B. KELLAR, 

' : : -.;- T "G. W. HEAGY, "J. M. CoMBS, ; . ,, 

. :' ' ' '^ ' ... . "A. EBRIGHT, "E. B. RHEA, ' = 

. "CEPHAS ARMS, "J. A. ADAMS, 

'. ' . "REUBEN HEFLIN." 

V Mr. Rhea, moved that the action had at the adjourned meeting on the 29th 
day of May last be reconsidered, on which motion the yeas and nays were 
demanded, resulting: Yeas, Messrs. Heflin, Newell, Heagy, Arms, Ebright, 
Combs, Kelldr, Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, Thompson and Chairman, 13. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; Ig7 

Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Beadle 
and Vaughn, 9. Absent, Mr. Gibbs. Adopted. 

On motion of Mr. Gale, and by consent, the report of a part of the poor- 
farm committee was read. 

Report of Messrs. L. E. Conger, E. S. Harden and Orin Beadle, members 
of the poor- farm committee. ^ > 

The undersigned members of the committee authorized to purchase a poor- 
farm, and erect a poorhouse, beg leave respectfully to report : 

The members of the committee then present met at the close of the last 
meeting of the board, and agreed to meet at the council room in the city of 
Galesburg, on the Friday following, Mr. Conger informing the committee that 
he had the refusal of the land proposed to be purchased, for the next day only. 
It was, as we understood, agreed that Mr. Conger should close the purchase 
at once, conditioned on the soundness of the title, and that A. M. Craig, Esq., 
should examine the records, and report to Mr. Conger as early as practicable 
the next day. 

We considered the action of the board decisive as to the selection of the 
location, and understood the desire of the board to be that the work should 
be commenced with the least possible delay. Upon the next day, Mr. Conger 
learned that one of the persons of whom the land was to be purchased had 
expressed regret at having offered it at that price, and that another person was 
about to attempt to purchase. As there were four different owners of the 
land and either one of them might destroy the value of the purchase to the 
county by refusing to comply, and the power to enforce compliance with the 
agreement giving refusal was questionable, he thought no time ought to be lost 
in fastening the purchase. 

Not expecting to get Mr. Craig's report until noon, he called for advice on 
Messrs. Douglas and Arnold, who had formerly owned the land. Mr. Arnold 
assured him that Mr. Craig could not report otherwise than that the title was 
complete of record; that Judge Douglas and himself had carefully perfected the 
title. He also exhibited the title deeds and expressed perfect confidence in the 
title. :;: 

Mr. Conger therefore ordered the preparation of the necessary papers, and 
notified the owners that he took the land, provided the examination showed 
good title. 

Mr. Craig not arriving as expected, Mr. Conger proceeded to complete the 
purchase, and take the deeds. While so engaged, Mr. Craig arrived and sub- 
mitted a full abstract of title, reported the title so far as appeared of record, 
perfect, and expressed the opinion that it was a safe title to buy. At the same 
time Mr. Conger received letters from Messrs. Miles and Arms, members of 
the committee, and from Mr. Egan, assuming to be a member of the committee, 
advising that the interest of the county might be promoted by a delay. These 
gentlemen gave no reason for their advice. Mr. Conger thought he saw no 
danger to the .interests of the county in delay, and thought he had gone too 
far with the owners of the land, honorably to recede, and while some might 
be willing to release him others might not. At the same time Mr. Dunlap, 
supervisor from Henderson, informed him that he had just seen Mr. Miles ; 
that Mr. Miles told him he desired delay because the citizens of Knoxville, 



188 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

disappointed by the action of the board, in locating the poorhouse, were dis- 
posed to endeavor to raise by subscription means to purchase or aid in purchas- 
ing a farm, if the board would re-consider the location, and that he intended 
to join with such supervisors as were willing to call a special meeting for the 
purpose. 

The committee had already given a great deal of attention to the selection 
of the site, and Mr. Conger was convinced no other location that the board 
would accept could be obtained in the vicinity of either Galesburg or Knoxville 
for less than from $2CXX) to $4000 advance on the price of the land already 
selected, that none equally desirable could be had at that rate even. That to 
throw away the chance already secured, in the hopes that after the chance 
was gone, the citizens of Knoxville would contribute $6000 or $8000 for the 
purpose of controlling the location seemed to him a very unbusinesslike trans- 
action. It seemed to him quite likely that those who desired to control the 
location might find it the cheapest way to purchase one of the four interests 
in the land in question, and thus defeat any attempt to secure it again, and 
compel the county to make a location elsewhere, on less favorable terms. In 
these views Mr. Dunlap entirely concurred. 

On Friday, the time set for the meeting of the committee, there were pres- 
ent, Messrs. Harden, Beadle and Conger. After waiting until afternoon for the 
arrival of the other members of the committee they proceeded to receive state- 
ment from Mr. Conger of his action and examined the land. ( 

In the absence of the gentleman who was understood to be chairman of 
the committee, Mr. Harden was appointed temporary chainnan. Mr. Conger's 
action was approved and the deeds ordered to be placed on record. 

We have explained our action and motives the more fully that we wish 
to show that we have not intended to show any lack of courtesy towards the 
other members of the committee, or in any wise to take any advantage of 
power temporarily placed in our hands by our associates in the board and tie 
up the hands of the board, or in any way embarrass its free action. 

If the opinions of other members of the committee have not had due weight 
with us, it is because they did not give us an opportunity for consultation with 
them. We did no more than we thought the exigencies of the case required 
and believe that had the committee been full its members would have concurred ; 
that under the circumstances we could not do less. What we have done has been 
done in good faith, and we believe for the interest of the county, and we expect 
to be sustained by the board. We are more than ever satisfied with the location. 
The land is of first quality, and possesses the diversified surface desirable in a 
farm, both for beauty and utility. 

. -. 'Near the center of the tract it affords a beautiful site for building, command- 
ing a view of the whole farm, and of the county for miles around. Near enough 
to the highway, but sufficiently removed for desirable privacy. 

In full view of all the railroads, a handsome building will be a conspicuous 
ornament to the county. 

We are assured that there will be every facility given by the railroad com- 
pany, both for delivering of building materials on the ground, and hereafter land- 
ing inmates upon the premises at a platform to be erected near the track, also 
for the delivery of fuel and other heavy supplies. Its proximity to a station 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; y 189 

where extra engines are kept constantly heated will enable the railroad to 
give many such facilities, without expense, that could not well be given the 
same distance from other stations. 

Situated nearly midway between the western portion of the City of Gales- 
burg and the City of Knoxville those large centers of population could not be 
better accommodated, and its nearness to the point where all the railroads 
converge gives it peculiar advantages in accommodating the county towns. 

We believe the greatest value of the poorhouse will be as a hospital and 
that suitable provisions of ambulance, easy chairs and the proper use of the 
facilities of the railroad, very sick persons can be removed from any place in 
.the county without danger, and that once there, they can be well cared for at 
an expense below the cost of medical attendance alone in the country towns. 

To carry out such arrangements we consider a location on the railroad 
indispensable, and we regard it as a great advantage that the superintendent 
shall receive his mail at Galesburg, from which point he can communicate with 
the authorities of the several towns with promptness, and can in most cases 
know the situation, and remove the patient in 24 to 48 hours less time than 
if the location was at another point. 

In conclusion we recommend that the committee be instructed to proceed 
with the construction of the building with the least delay, consistent with the 
proper economy of the work. 

In the purchase of the land, the amount expended was $^600.00. 
:.' E. S. HARDEN, 

':\: 'v- : ;:;;.... .: '.. r-'v" 'v/-^: ; '.' - O. BEADLE, 

^';;;; !;K'\,;.'-v :;!.':.;>;' ; j. "'' " L. E. CONGER, 

Committee. 

'- Mr. Miles from committee on poor- farm, made a verbal report of the 
action of the remainder of the committee. V I'-' 

On motion of Mr. Conger and by consent the abstract of title made by 
Hon. A. M. Craig on the northwest quarter of Section 24, in Township 1 1 N. i 
E. was read. 

On motion of Mr. Arms, it was voted that the board immediately on conven- 
ing in the afternoon, will hear a report on the title of said land from Mr. San- 
ford. 

On motion of Mr. Heagy, adjourned until half past one o'clock P. M. Board 
met pursuant to adjournment. 

Mr. Vaughn offered the following resolutions as a substitute for Mr. Gale's 
resolution, passed at the adjourned meeting. May 29. last. 

Resolved, That the purchase of the northwest quarter of Section 24, ii N. 
I E. made by the committee of the poor-farm be and the same is hereby rati- 
fied and approved. And, be it further ,'. , ;'-. 

Resolved, That the committee on the poor-farm hereafter consist of Messrs. 
R. W. Miles, C. Arms and L. E. Conger, and that in case the piece of land, of 
about 32 acres south of the poor-farm, owned by John Eads, be donated to 
the county free of costs, and that the piece of ground west of the poor farm of 
about 36 acres, owned by W. Y. Miller, can be purchased for $35 per acre, and 
a good defensible title can be had, then and in that case, the aforesaid commit- 
tee be and they are hereby instructed to purchase said land of said Miller, and 



.190 ;. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

. to commence the construction of a poorhouse as soon as possible on the grounds 
of the present poor-farm; the same to be constructed after the plans and speci- 
fications of W. W. Boyington, now in the hands of the poor-farm committee, 
save and except one of the wings, the committee to determine which one to 
be left off. And the' committee are hereby empowered to borrow money on the 
credit of the county for the construction of said building, and the purchase of 
the land of said Miller, and that already purchased by the poor-farm commit- 

; tee. to the amount of forty thousand dollars, and no more, without further 
authority from this board, and that the committee retain 20 per cent, of the 
contract price in their hands for the faithful completion of the work. And, be it 
further 

Resolved, That in case a good and sufficient title to the above mentioned 
land, satisfactory to the members of the committee, cannot be had, on the con- 
ditions above specified, then and in that case, the committee be and is hereby 
authorized to commence the construction of a poorhouse on the same conditions 
above specified, on the land now purchased by the committee, that is the north- 
west quarter of Section 24. Township ii N. i E. 

Which substitute was accepted by the board by the following votes : Yeas, 
Messrs. Heflin. Newell, Heagy, Arms, Combs, Kellar, Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, 

: Adams, Thompson, Vaughn and Chairman, 13. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, 

.Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Ebright and Beadle, 9. 

. Mr. Gale offered the following as a substitute for the substitute of Mr, 
Vaughn. :; ^ j v^ v 

Resolved, That when this board adjourn it adjourn for five weeks. 
That the purchase of the northwest quarter of Section 24, in Township ii 
N. I E. be confirmed. 

That the supervisor from Indian Point, Victoria, Truro, Henderson and 
Sparta be appointed a committee to report upon the best location for a poor- 
house, taking into account convenience to the county, expense of site, cost of 
buildings and future running expenses. 

Mr. Combs moved to amend by striking out the names of the committee 
and that the chair appoint said committee. Amendment lost by the following 
vote : Yeas, Messrs. Hefiin, Newell, Heagy, Arms, Combs, Kellar, Rhea, Adams, 
Thompson and Vaughn, lo. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, 
Sanderson, Dunlap, Ebright, Beadle, Johnston and Stuckey, ii. 

Mr. Arms moved to amend Mr. Gale's resolution by adding Messrs. Combs 

' and Kellar to the committee named, which amendment was carried by the 
following vote : Yeas, Messrs. Hefiin, Newell, Heagy, Arms, Combs, Kellar, 
Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, Thompson, Vaughn and Chairman, 13. Nays, 
Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Ebright and 
Beadle, 9. 

The question recurring on the acceptance of the substitute of Mr. Gale as 
amended, it was accepted by the following vote: Yeas, Messrs. Meek, Harden, 

; Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Hefiin, Newell, Beadle and Stuckey, ii. 
Nays, Messrs. Heagy, Arms, Ebright, Combs, Kellar, Johnston, Rhea, Adams, 
Thompson, Vaughn and Mr. Chairman, lo. 

> On motion of Mr. Stuckey adjourned until lo o'clock tomorrow morning. 
; V- The chairman announced that the substitute of Mr. Gale under considera- 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;-^- 191 

tion yesterday evening, was in order, when Mr. Vaughn offered the following 
resolutions as a substitute therefor: 

Resolved, That the purchase of the northwest quarter of Section 24, Town- 
ship II N. I E. made by Messrs. L. E. Conger, O. Beadle and E. S. Harden, 
members of the poor-farm committee, be and the same is hereby ratified and 
approved. And, it is further 

Resolved, That the committee on the poor-farm hereafter consist of Messrs. 
R. W. Miles, C. Arms and L. E. Conger, and that in case the piece of land of 
about 32 acres, south of and adjoining the poor-farm, owned by John Eads, 
and the piece of land west of and adjoining the poor-farm, of about 36 acres, 
owned by William Y. Miller, be donated, and a deed of the same made to the 
county free of cost; then, and in that case, the aforesaid committee be and they 
are hereby instructed and empowered to commence the construction of a poor- 
house as soon as possible, on the grounds of the present poor-farm ; the same 
to be constructed after the plans and specifications of W. W. Boyington, now 
in the hands of the poor-farm committee, save and 'except one of the wings, 
extending from the steward's department; the committee to determine which one 
to be left off, and the said committee are hereby empowered to borrow money 
on the credit of the county for the construction of said building, and for the 
payment of the aforesaid northwest quarter of Section 24, Township 1 1 N. i E. 
to the amount of thirty-five thousand dollars, and no more, without further 
authority from this board, and that the committee retain 20 per cent of the 
contract price in their hands for the faithful completion of the work. And, be 
it further 

Resolved, That in case a good and sufficient title to the above described 
lands, adjoining the present poor-farm, cannot be had on the above mentioned 
conditions, and satisfactory to the aforesaid committee; then and in that case 
the committee be and it is hereby instructed and authorized to commence 
immediately the construction of a poorhouse on the northwest quarter of Section 
24, Township ii N. i E. in the same manner, and on the same conditions as 
above specified. And, it is further ..'-: o 

Resolved, That all resolutions heretofore passed by this board, and in- 
consistent with this resolution, in regard to the construction of a poorhouse, 
be and they are hereby rescinded. 

Mr. Rhea offered the following amendment: 

Whereas, there have been deeds executed to Knox county of the N. W. 24, 
II N. I E. under instructions of Mr. L. E. Conger, a member of the poor- farm 
committee under protest of one-half of said committee, therefore 

Resolved, That Knox county quit claim to the said L. E. Conger, all 
claims in said tract of land as the record does show a title to said land con- 
trary to instructions, and the action of said members of committee are hereby 
rescinded. And that the contractors of said buildings be required to give security 
in double the amount of costs of buildings. 

A question of order being raised on the amendment, the chairman decided 
the amendment out of order. 

And the question being on the acceptance of Mr. Vaughn's substitute the yeas 
and nays were demanded, resulting: Yeas, Messrs. Newell, Heagy, Arms, 
Ebright, Combs, Kellar, Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, Thompson, Vaughn 



192 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

and Mr. Chairman, 13. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, 
Sanderson, Dunlap, Heflin, Beadle and Gibbs, lO. Substitute accepted. 

A motion to adjourn was then offered, on which the yeas and nays were 
called, resulting: Yeas, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, 
Dunlap, Heflin, Beadle, Combs and Gibbs, ii. Nays, Messrs. Newell, Heagy, 
Arms, Ebright, Kellar, Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, Thompson, Vaughn 
and Mr. Chairman, 12. Lost. 

Mr. Ebright moved that a committee of five be appointed to receive pro- 
posals from the several points desiring to secure the location of the poor-farm, 
and report at 1 130 o'clock this afternoon. Adopted. The chairman appointed 
Messrs. Ebright, Stuckey, Conger, Vaughn and Rhea, said committee. 

On motion adjourned until half past one o'clock. 

Mr. Ebright from committee on receiving proposals from towns for the 
location of poor-farm, reported the following proposals: 

1st. I, John Eads, do hereby agree to convey by deed, for the purpose of, 
ar-'J as a poor-farm for Knox county, state of Illinois, to the board of super- 
visors Oi said county, my land lying east of the city of Knoxville, in said 
county, bounded on the north by the Peoria road leading east from Knoxville, 
on the west and south, by the road leading from Maquon to Knoxville, being 
about 117 acres and parts of the S. E. quarter of Sec. 27 and N. E. 34 in town- 
ship II N., range 2 east in said county, for the sum of $17 per acre, provided 
said board will erect, or cause to be erected on said land the poorhouse now 
in contemplation of erection. 

2nd. I, Cephas Arms, supervisor of the town of Knox, do hereby offer 
the donation of 33 acres, lying south of and adjoining the poor-farm, owned 
by John Eads, and about 36 acres adjoining, and lying west of the poor-farm, 
owned by Wm. Y. Miller, for poor-farm purposes to the board of supervisors 
of Knox county. 111., provided said board will erect or cause to be erected 
on said poor-farm the poorhouse now in contemplation of erection, and do 
guarantee the conveyance of said lands to the said board on the above conditions. 

3rd. I will see that the county have paid into the treasury within ten days 
$10,000 for the purpose of erecting a poorhouse on Boyington's plan, on N. W. 
24, II N. I. E. W. SELDEN GALE. 

4th. The town of Lynn will donate to the county of Knox, the S. W. 
quarter of section lo, 13 N. 4 E. with a clear title, for the purpose of erecting 
a county poorhouse upon it. ,.-... 

... , - ' JOSEPH D. GIBBS, 

' '' Superintendent. 

On motion of Mr. Sanderson it was voted that the report of the committee 
be accepted. 

The question being on the adoption of Mr. Vaughn's resolution, Mr. San- 
derson moved to substitute therefor the following resolution : 

Resolved, That this board confirm the purchase of the northwest quarter 
of section 24, town ii N. i E. 

The yeas and nays being demanded, resulted: Yeas Messrs. Meek, Har- 
den, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Heflin, Ebright, Beadle, Stuckey, 
Thompson, Vaughn and Gibbs, 14. Nays Messrs. Newell, Heagy, Arms, 
Combs, Kellar, Johnston, Rhea, Adams and Chairman, 9. Substitute accepted, 
when on motion said resolution was adopted. 



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HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

and Mr. Chairman, 13. Nays, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, 
Sanderson, Dunlap, Heflin, Beadle and Gibbs, lo. Substitute accepted. 

A motion to adjourn was then offered, on which the yeas and nays were 
called, resulting: Yeas, Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, 
Dunlap, Heflin, Beadle, Combs and Gibbs, ii. Nays, Messrs. Newell, Heagy, 
Arms, Ebright, Kellar, Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, Thompson, Vaughn 
and ^Ir. Chairman, 12. Lost. 

Mr. Ebright moved that a committee of five be appointed to receive pro- 
posals from the several points desiring to secure the location of the poor-farm, 
and report at i :3O o'clock this afternoon. Adopted. The chairman appointed 
Messrs. Ebright, Stuckey, Conger, \'aughn and Rhea, said committee. 

On motion adjourned until half past one o'clock. 

Mr. Ebright from committee on receiving proposals from towns for the 
location of poor-farm, reported the following proposals: | ^ - 

1st. I, John Eads, do hereby agree to convey by deed, for the purpose of, 
a.r." as a poor-farm for Knox county, state of Illinois, to the board of super- 
visors Oi said county, my land lying east of the city of Knoxville, in said 
county, bounded on the north by the Peoria road leading east from Knoxville, 
on the west and south, by the road leading from Maquon to Knoxville, being 
about 117 acres and parts of the S, E. quarter of Sec, 27 and N. E. 34 in town- 
ship II N., range 2 east in said county, for the sum of $17 per acre, provided 
said board will erect, or cause to be erected on said land the poorhouse now 
in contemplation of erection, , : '- :. .( ' . 

2nd, I, Cephas Arms, supervisor of the town of Knox, do hereby offer 
the donation of 33 acres, lying south of and adjoining the poor-farm, owned 
by John Eads, and about 36 acres adjoining, and lying west of the poor-farm, 
owned by Wm. Y. Miller, for poor- farm purposes to the board of supervisors 
of Knox county. 111., provided said board will erect or cause to be erected 
on said poor-farm the poorhouse now in contemplation of erection, and do 
guarantee the conveyance of said lands to the said board on the above conditions, 

3rd. I will see that the county have paid into the treasury within ten days 
$10,000 for the purpose of erecting a poorhouse on Boyington's plan, on N. W. 
24, II X. I. E. W. SELDEN GALE. 

4th. The town of Lynn will donate to the county of Knox, the S. W. 
quarter of section lo, 13 N. 4 E, with a clear title, for the purpose of erecting 
a county poorhouse upon it. . . . ' : 

. , , ' JOSEPH D, GIBBS, 

, Superintendent. 

On motion of Mr. Sanderson it was voted that the report of the committee 
be accepted. ; j 

The question being on the adoption of Mr. Vaughn's resolution, Mr. San- 
derson moved to substitute therefor the following resolution : 

Resolved, That this board confirm the purchase of the northwest quarter 
of section 24, town ii N. i E. ' ' ." -: ; | '.; 

The yeas and nays being demanded, resulted : Yeas Messrs. Meek, Har- 
den, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Heflin, Ebright, Beadle, Stuckey, 
Thompson, \'aughn and Gibbs, 14. Nays Messrs. Newell, Heagy, Arms, 
Combs, Kellar, Johnston, Rhea, Adams and Chairman, 9. Substitute accepted, 
when on motion said resolution was adopted. - 



S.5. 5C 



3_ r 

in 



=. X 




H:^:; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .. :. 193 

Mr. Arms offered the following resolution: 

C; - Resolved, That the proposition of the town of ICnox, donating lands in 
V. addition to the present poor- farm, upon the conditions specified, be accepted. 
.'.-r Mr. Gale offered the following resolution as a substitute: 

T-.; i Resolved, That the poorhouse building committee be directed to proceed 
';; - . to erect on the northwest quarter of section 24, ii north i east, the center and 
.-.";' one wing of the plan for poorhouse adopted at last meeting, provided the 
':''.' sum of $10,000 shall be paid into the county treasury within ten days by the 
. C ' authorities of Galesburg, as a donation for the purpose. 
' V That the said committee be authorized to borrow money for the purpose 

: ; of such erection and payment of land, to an amount not exceeding $15,000. 

:. / Mr. Arms withdrew his resolution, when Mr. Rhea offered the following 

...- substitute for Mr. Gale's resolution: 

' ' . Resolved, That the committee on the poor-farm hereafter consist of Messrs. 

;; . ;' '. R. W. Miles, C. Arms and L. E. Conger; and that in case the piece of land 

. ' of about 32 acres, south of and adjoining the poor- farm, owned by John Eads, 

;...;.. jjjfl i^j^g piece of land west of and adjoining the poor-farm, of about 36 acres, 

'' 1 V owned by W. Y. Miller, be donated and a deed of the same made to the county, 

. .'' free of costs; then and in that case, the aforesaid committee be, and they are 

;;''*, hereby instiaicted and empowered to commence the construction of a poor- 

:. y, . house as soon as possible, on the grounds of the present poor- farm the same 

- :: .,. to be constructed after the plans and specifications of W. W. Boyington, now 
:;;'.; in the hands of the poor-farm committee, save and except one of the wings 

;-"!;: extending from the steward's department the committee to determine which 

.;.;.'; one to be left off. And the said committee are hereby empowered to borrow 
;.. .?; money on the credit of the county for the construction of the said building, 
' ^ , and for the payment of the (purchase money of the) northwest quarter of 

.;./:. section 24, town ii N. i E. to the amount of twenty thousand dollars, and no 
';',: more, without further authority from this board. And that the committee 

, > retain twenty per cent of the contract price in their hands for the faithful 
^ y^ . completion of the work. And be it further v i' 

';' ' Resolved, That in case a good and sufficient title to the above described 

/ -- ' lands adjoining the present poor-farm, cannot be had on the above mentioned 
.'''. . conditions, and satisfactory to the aforesaid committee, then and in that case, 
-: ,, the committee.be, and it is hereby instructed and authorized to commence im- 
iyj /;; mediately the construction of a poorhouse, on the N. W. quarter of Section 

.. -'.v/ 24, T. II N. I E. in the same manner and on the same conditions as above 
V : . specified. And be it further 

.:; Resolved, That all resolutions heretofore passed by this board, and incon- 

':'>/' '; sistent with this resolution in regard to the construction of a poorhouse, be, 
'.:"; and they are hereby rescinded. 

:; j On the adoption of which substitute, the yeas and nays were called, re- 
:v;> ": suiting: Yeas Messrs. Heflin, Newell, Heagy, Arms, Combs, Kellar, John- 
4 - , ston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, Thompson, Vaughn and Mr. Chairman, 13. Nays 
;i;,.;'; Messrs. Meek, Harden, Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Ebright, Beadle 
and Gibbs, lo. Adopted. 

And the question being shall the resolution pass, the yeas and nays were 
called, and the resolution adopted by the following vote : Yeas Messrs. Heflin, 

Vol. I 18 



194 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' v 

Newell, Heagy, Arms, Ebright, Combs, Kellar, Johnston, Stuckey, Rhea, Adams, 
Thompson, Vaughn and Mr. Chairman, 14. Nays Messrs. Meek, Harden, 
Gale, Conger, Clay, Sanderson, Dunlap, Beadle and Gibbs, 9. 

On motion adjourned. . t .'.. 

; . January, 1867 The poor-farm committee reported that by their estimates 
it will require about $15,000 additional to complete the building and properly 
stock and improve said farm. 

'.:''- :" Tr f- :;'/ \ a\- ,. '..:". 

, . ,. . REPORT OF POOR-FARM CXDMMITTEE "'::--;'; 

V ;\?^;t'^:;''"'., . ''- A, .';'-:','-."..'' v : ^"\':'i "'...: JANUARY, 7th, 1867. ' :} 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

As the poor-farm committee made no written report at the Sept. ineeting, 
we will briefly state that at the special meeting in June 1866, your committee 
was directed (provided the titles to certain parcels of land adjoining the old 
poor-farm, proposed to be donated to Knox county by the citizens of Knox- 
ville, were good and sufficient titles) to accept of the deeds, and proceed to 
erect one wing and the center building of the poorhouse according to plans 
and specifications of W. W. Boyington. Your committee consulted Messrs. San- 
ford and Craig as to the titles to said land. They pronounced the titles good. 
Your committee accepted the deeds and immediately advertised for proposals 
for erecting the building. Upon opening the bids, the bid of Mr. Wm. Arm- 
strong was decided to be the lowest and best bid, and the contract was im- 
mediately drawn up and signed accordingly. Mr. Armstrong contracts that 
for the sum of $26,900.00 he will erect and complete the building ready for 
use, warming apparatus included, subject to the approval of W. W. Boyington. 
Owing to the inclemency of the weather, Mr. Armstrong will not be able to 
complete the building according to the time of the contract, but your commit- 
tee believe that Mr. Armstrong has faithfully tried to comply with the terms 
of the contract not only as to time, but in material and workmanship of the 
building. Your committee was also authorized to borrow $20,000 to be ex- 
pended on the building and for paying for the N. W. quarter of section 24, 
II N. 2 E. An itemized statement attached shows the amount of expenditures 
to be $16,769.99. 

April, 1867. Mr. Gale moved that when this board adjourned, that it 
be until called together by the poor-farm committee. Carried. Yeas Messrs. 
Meek, Harden, Clay, Gale, Conger, Sanderson, Whiting, WyckoflF, Beadle, 
Miles, Johnston, Chambers, Hall, Vaughn and Gibbs, 15. Nays Messrs. McKee, 
Sumner, Charles. Keightley, Hanrick, Swigart and Shaffer, 7. Excused, Messrs. 
Dunlap and Wood, 2. 

September, 1867. Mr. Miles offered the following resolution which was 
adopted: :..-;-., --^j - I \0 A ' 

Resolved, That the buildings heretofore known and called the Knox county 
poorhouse, be hereafter known and called the Knox county almshouse. 

.:,'.;,.. ' REPORT OF POOR-FARM COMMITTEE ;:.:,-;.; 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: - 

The committee on poor- farm and building would report as follows ; 



;.;^;^ v;^ ;;, ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .:^-.;V, 195 

That since the last meeting of the board they have borrowed money 

to the amount of $19,578.00 

Amoimt previously borrowed 28,550.00 



Total amount borrowed $48,128.00 , 

The amount expended by the committee since the com- . ...,....-. ; 

mencement of the poorhouse in July, 1866, is (Sun- ' ',';' 

> dry items) $47,239.04 ^ ^ 

>.---...-'::. :.,.^:- :^ -.:.' : $47,239.04 x . 1 

Amount paid by committee on the original contract $26,900.00 . -- .- ' 

Amount allowed by W. W. Boyington for extra work -v .-.'-'. 

and heating apparatus 5,650.82 .-',-: 

Money expended for Galesburg farm 8,201.83 ". \ : 

Amount paid on notes prin. and int 1,500.00 .;' ^: - . - 

Range and fixtures 450.95 ;..-"'. ' 

Grates and mantles 217.00 .,'.':,.>' . ; 

W. W. Boyington 690.55 -;:.'. . 

Making a total of ; . . , . ;...'. . ,'. . , $43,61 1.15 - .. 

Leaving a balance not accounted for of 3,627.89 :? , . 

;.;. -. ^-^ -,-. --;v-:-, .,.:.-._.:.-... -...-...- A... .^ .V $47^239.04 ;;^ ;.;;.; 

This balance of $3,627.89 has been expended by the committee in stocking . .. 
the farm, tiles and drain, wagons, harness, plows, furniture, expenses of insane 
at Jacksonville, etc., etc. All of which is shown in the report of the committee ; V 
in separate items in the payment of the amount $47,239.04. . - 

All of which is respectfully submitted. . ': r/i ;"/..,.., 

:'^ ':-\ ':;/' "''r\,-^---:<;;-.'-;-'':^- ;/':. ' ;;/.M,.V..' R. W. MILES, '^-;;;.:'J., j,.;,. ; 

;/"'.'-.. .''"- >'--;v:x'::'V---- ''':.:" -^-.-.x: -.^'//'V: '.'..'./:. L. E. CONGER, >'.''.';'- 

GEO. A. CHARLES. ;\ 

January 13, 1868. Called meeting. Mr. Gale moved that Messrs. Conger 

and Whiting be appointed a committee to sell such portion of the Galesburg 

poor-farm as lies north of the railroad. Adopted. . ' , ' 

Mr. Gale then moved that the sale made by the committee of such portion . : 

of the Galesburg poor-farm (N. W. 24, ii N., i E.) that lies south of the 

railroad be approved and confirmed. Adopted. 

July Meeting, 1876. The almshouse committee presents the f(4llowing fur- ;. 

ther report: v./^; ''- "V';.-^ .' ^V.'-' . -.---^ -.;';''>?''..'."- 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: ' 

Your committee on almshouse and paupers would respectfully present the 
following: 

, . Whereas, The present ventilation of the Knox county almshouse has been ': ; 
declared by the secretary of the state board of charities, to be wholly insufficient 
to secure wholesome air for the inmates, and 

Whereas, Your committee by careful examination find the accommodation 
for the insane wholly inadequate, all the cells being filled, and there are several 
still running at large on the premises, for whose safety and the safety of others, .. V 
cells should be provided; and there are also quite a number at the insane hos- . ' : 
pitals that are liable to be returned at any time; and : 



196 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY V^cvVi^.;: 

Whereas, The laundry accommodations were originally designed to be in 
the east wing of the originally planned building, but are now in the west base- 
ment designed for cellars, and is not only wholly inadequate for the purpose, 
but the dampness arising from it is injurious to the building, and endangers the 
health of the inmates; and 

Whereas, The heating apparatus in said building has entirely given out, and 
must be renewed at great expense before another winter; and 

Whereas, Under the present arrangements it is impossible for the superin- 
tendent to keep the sexes properly separated, which is absolutely necessary in 
order to sustain the moral character of the institution; and 

Whereas, Labor and material are at this time unusually cheap, therefore 
your committee would earnestly recommend, that the board of supervisors take 
immediate steps to add to the present building the east wing contemplated in 
the original design of said building, the plans and specifications of which your 
committee understand are in the hands of the county clerk, and also to adopt a 
proper plan for heating and ventilation of the whole building upon the most ap- 
proved and economical plan. All of which is respectfully submitted. 

D. M. ElKER, '^^'V': 
'.'';:'-; ..' . : > G. V. DiETERICH, "' 

.';'': ; ;. -; J. S. CHAMBERS, : ,. 

'^'' ''<''}':>. ^ ... .' ';,;--".,'.'; -'-v,- WM. G. WEST, j..:-;:''^^ 

.'-<^. .'',. . , . . .''V-/.:/ . . '' ';; S. S. STUCKEY, ' 'V' 

^ -- - Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Holyoke, the matter was referred to almshouse commit- 
tee, with instructions to report fully at the adjourned meeting of the board, the 
probable cost of the contemplated improvement, and expense of necessary heating 
and ventilation. 

July Adjourned Meeting, 1876. Mr. Eiker, from almshouse committee, pre- 
sented the following special report: . ,. ..;?.:.. ..4 ; 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

Your committee on almshouse and paupers, to whom was referred the mat- 
ter reported by them at the July meeting, would report that they have attended 
to the duty assigned to them, and herewith present the original plans and specifica- 
tions, from which the present building was erected, together with drawings by 
Messrs. Parry & Stevens, presenting the changes which your committee would 
recommend. From them you will readily see that, although we have added 8 
feet in length and 2 feet in width to the east wing, yet it will not detract from 
the original design nor materially increase the expense. In the present building 
we have but 8 insane cells. In the new wing we get 19, together with all the 
laundry and baking accommodations, the want of which has so long been felt. 
To heat and ventilate the entire building, your committee would recommend 
that the boiler be situated outside of the west end of the building; that a chimney 
be erected for boiler purposes, from which the best of ventilation can be secured 
for that part of the building now erected. For the new part, ventilation can 
readily be obtained from the large chimney shown in the plan. 

The estimated cost of building complete in all parts, exclusive of heating 
apparatus and fixtures, as furnished us by Messrs. Parry & Stevens, will be 
about $15.000, and as furnished us by W. O. Thomas, of Macomb, $13,425, the 



>:;v /^:;^-::^^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^;7>;;; 197 f' 

latter party omitting several points which would increase his estimate. For ; 
heating and ventilating, the estimated cost is as follows : For boiler-house, . 
setting boiler, and smoke-stack, 45 feet high, with sheet iron flue, same height, - 
$620; for heating apparatus, including boiler and all necessary fixtures to in- 
sure the heating of the whole building, $2,339.68, the latter estimate from Frost 
Manufacturing Company, making the estimates, including all complete, amount ^ 
to $17,959.68. 

Your committee are of the opinion that the estimates presented are liberal, 
and that the cost of contemplated improvement would not exceed estimates, but 
competition in bidding for contract would materially reduce them. For reasons 
given in our former report, and correspondence furnished us by the clerk, from ' . 
our insane asylums, your committee feel the urgent necessity of putting the . 
building under contract at once, as we are informed that it can be completed ; 
by January i, 1877. -.^-.' v .' . ..:V::. ' 

; And we therefore would recommend that the plans and specifications, as 
presented, be adopted, and that provision be made for the amount of money 
necessary, at a low rate of interest, until our present tax can be levied and col- 
lected, and that the clerk be directed to advertise for sealed proposals for build- 
ing and heating, separate or combined, according to plan and specifications, for . 
the space of 15 days. -^-. . '^v.x ..-';-: 'v. :.: v 

,-"\.v'- ::'''"'.'-..'''".'- 7/'^^-'V-''-'' ':;... D. M. ElKER, ''">:..:'.',' 

'V "''. :' ';-^- '^ '.' '''^^^^'> .''':? V'-H'-'V '"'.-. '..^:'' J. S. CHAMBERS, ';'!'".:' 

. -';'.-,,. :' '- .;': '^:--^ -^ ' .>:;'.:;;.::' 'v-:'^ '" G. V. DiETERICH, ^ ;-^ r:'':- ,; 

":.-:---;'-. -^'^ -"^/>/^'-- '-'S '-'-'' 'r.--:^- :-''-, ^ ''::! S. S. SrucKEY, v^':'': 'x';, ; 

WILLIAM G. WEST. I :.' 
: . On motion adjourned until half past one o'clock. ': ,: 

Board met pursuant to adjournment. -<:. -- . . 

The order of business being the special report of the committee on alms- 
house and paupers. ' 

Mr. Felt moved that the special report of the committee be accepted, adopted, 
and its recommendations concurred in. Carried, and the clerk directed to ad- 
vertise for proposals as contemplated by the report. . .' ^'^ 7. ''''^^'^^'f^-''^-'^:.^ ': 

Mr. Eiker presented the following resolutions: ^; -'.;>;:;;. :>^;X^ ::-./: 

Resolved, That when this board adjourn, it adjourn to meet on Monday, 
August 2ist, for the purpose of opening bids for building addition to alms- 
house, and the transaction of other business connected therewith, as may be 
deemed necessary. ;" - . ; ';%;/:.; :-.'^:;..T.V 

; The yeas and nays being called, the resolution was adopted : 

Yeas Messrs. Campbell, Felt, Gale, Brown, Chambers, Sisson, McFarland, ; 
Barnett, Eiker, Woodmansee, Temple, Stuckey, Sloan, West and Mr. Chair- 
man, 15. ^'. - '' '^ :' '.-''' '- -'' /y 

V . Nays Messrs. Bates, Deatherage, Holyoke, Curtis, Swigart, England, Tuck- ^; 
er and Gaines, 8. 

August Special Meeting, 1876. Mr. Dieterich, from committee on alms- , 
house, made the following report: 

>v;;^;',.--',v'v .^._-4^-\\o;.' "'V '"v,;.:-'^'. ':-! '^4'i^:- GALESBURG, Aug. 2ist, 1876. .'i:^' ': 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee, to whom was submitted the duty of comparing bids made, '' 



198 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -'v}.^;;; ^ 

for adding on an east wing of the Knox county almshouse, and the heating 
apparatus necessary to the completion of old and the contemplated new build- 
ing herewith report that, we have had the various bids under consideration, and 
if we are to decide in favor of the bids made, on the basis of the plans and 
specifications upon which the bids were made, we have decided in favor of 
Stevens & Parry, whose bid is $16,250; but a bid has been presented by Parry 
& Stevens, amounting to $17,400, which includes the largest sized boiler that 
any of the bidders have named, and qualifies all and everything that may be 
needed to the full completion of building and heating apparatus, including all 
changes that may be conceived necessary for comfort and convenience, during 
the progress of the building, without extra charge. We submit to the board 
the two propositions, and ask that they consider and decide which of the two 
propositions had best be accepted. As for ourselves, we recommend this lat- 
ter proposition, and think it will be cheaper and more satisfactory, in the con- 
clusion, than the first. . j 

; ; D. M. EiKER, 

: . ; G. V. DiETERICH, 

i ';:. . J. S. CHAMBERS, , 

..V'''i V ' ' S. S. STUCKEY, 

WM. G. WEST. 

On motion, the report of the committee was accepted. 

Mr. Holyoke offered the following resolutions, which were adopted: 

Resolved, That Messrs. Parry & Stevens be and are hereby awarded the con- 
tract for the construction of the east wing and other improvements at the 
Knox county almshouse, they having, in our judgment, made the lowest and 
best bid for the same. 

Resolved, That the almshouse committee be authorized and directed to 
draw a contract with Messrs. Parry & Stevens, which shall specify all the 
materials to be furnished and all the work to be performed; that no alterations 
or additions be made which shall increase the expense above the contract price; 
and that said committee be empowered to bind the county to pay the contract 
price of $17,400 in monthly payments, not exceeding 85 per cent, on the work 
done and the materials furnished during the month preceding. : j 

Mr. Gale moved that the almshouse committee be authorized to employ 
Zelotes Cooley, Esq., as superintendent of building. 

Mr. Dieterich moved to amend by substituting the name of Mr. D. M. Eiker, 
in place of Mr. Cooley. Lost. - - . ./. :L ^ V " / ;'r -' "^;''>-.. , ; i ^ .v- 

Yeas Messrs. Campbell, Felt, Dieterich, Chambers, Barnett, Woodmansee, 
Stuckey, Soles and Mr. Chairman, 9. 

Nays Messrs. Gale, Brown, Sisson, Deatherage, McFarland, Holyoke^, Cur- 
tis, England, Swigart, Temple, Sloan, West, Tucker and Gaines, 14, 

The motion of Mr. Gale was then adopted. ,:,,;.;:. 

It being intimated that Mr. Cooley might not accept the position of sup- 
erintendent. 

Mr. Holyoke moved, that if the committee cannot employ Mr. Cooley, that 
they employ some other competent person as superintendent, who is not a 
member of the committee. Adopted. : 

January Meeting, 1877. Part of report of almshouse committee. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - :^: 199 



4 We expected to be able to report the fact that the east wing, which is 
under contract for building, had been completed and ready for use. In this 
v" we have been disappointed, but in accordance with the expectations of the 
builders, it will be ready for delivery in two weeks hence, and we suggest that 
; v^ Mr. Cooley examine the premises thoroughly before accepting the keys. 
' During the process of putting up the new part of the building, it was dis- 
covered that some necessary repairs should be applied to the old building, in 
'- order to protect it from decay, which has been done by order of the committee, 
. r: after carefully weighing the importance of making the repairs. 
- - : ;;: ;';;:;.'::/'. Respectfully submitted, .:- ^; :;:-;\;.. 

"..:: .,-'' /'..--'.' .''- v!.^-:..---- : -''' \' ::':'-' ,r .; ;..->. D. M. ElKER, ' H"^^ 

''-.'.-.'.'. V ^: ' ''^' ' \- '':.''-':'''' '^^ ' C-ly-^^^'''''''^^^^^^^ G. V. DIETERICH, :^'^^''-;.; 

, y"'^i: ."j, ;,:; ,. ; \^ !'. ( ' ; -^ 'C": ' :;; v\;'-;v ';/ -y;^-;? $' 'v- :; ^>- WM. G. WEST, --'"r: 
.>;''"-'''-'' \ -'.''.'''/. V ';''/ ^v'- ' ''':.','-./';' r\:-.- ;;;' v^" J. S. CHAMBERS, ' -' -'v; 
.':- ' ''\^- '.-. .:-'':^f^'.{:"-'--'-'~^- S. S. SXUCKEY. -" ' 

On motion the report of committee was accepted and its recommendations 
; concurred in, and the clerk directed to issue orders in payment. 

April Meeting, 1877. The following, taken from the report of the alms- 
house committee submitted April 23rd, 1877, describes quite fully the condi- 
tions then existing in regard to the almshouse which had recently been con- 
structed: 

From the exhibit herewith made of cost per week for each inmate since our 

last meeting, a disparity between this and former reports upon the same, seems 

:. startling, and if not cognizant of the causes of accountability for this dis- 

parity, you might bring accusations of unnecessary extravagance having been 

indulged in, in furnishing supplies for the place. If, however, we deduct from 

the footing of the bill, all that pertains to furnishing materials for the full 

equipment of the premises, and include the improvements that were actually 

- necessary to be done, in order to protect the old part of the house from decay, 

',;; our exhibit per capita will not exceed the average of our former reports. 

.; Your committee further report, that during the process of putting up the 

T new wing of the building, the fact was made manifest that the original specifi- 

: cations did not contemplate all that was necessary for adapting the premise to 

comfort and convenience. Several changes and improvements were suggested 

by Mrs. Cleveland, accepted by the committee, and executed by the contractors, 

:.;- without additional expense to the- county, but at considerable expense to the 

: - contractors. J', ^^\ ^ ^- - 

: :f. -Your committee further submit, that the county of Knox has now a building. 

ample in capacity for accommodating all of the pauper element, that will be 

likely at any time to need county charity; and at the same time accommodate a 

' due proportion of those who are afflicted with lunacy or idiocy. 

,-.... The surrender of the new wing to the superintendent whom you appointed 

. to supervise the work, and character of the material used in the construction of 

-, the building, and from whom you will have a report, created the impression of 

,;;. disparity in appearance between the old and the new, that it stimulated Mrs. 

:' Cleveland to give the old part a thorough renovating in order that harmony 

. should be obtained at once, instead of deferring this part of the work to May, 

--^ the usual period for cleaning up and making repairs, always needed when this 



200 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

duty is performed; and the expenses for which usually amount to three, and 
sometimes four hundred dollars, and has always been reported at our July 
meeting. This work being done, the expense of it is included in this report. 
The premises are in commendable order, and our worthy matron will shirk no 
duty incumbent upon her, to keep them continuously in praiseworthy condition. 
In conclusion we submit that, in accordance with your instructions, we in- 
sured the almshouse for the term of five years from the I5th day of January 
last, to the amount of $30,000, and the furniture within the house to the extent 
of $3,000, at two per cent, for the term or period of five years. 

' ' "',.;'. ' ' ' ' . '--^ ,'' / '",'-::'-.; D. M. EiKER, I.. ,:-..:; 

;''': . . '\ G. V. DiETERICH, V ; 

WM. G. WEST. 

The foregoing report, having been amended by the committee to conform to 
resolution of Mr. Gale, adopted yesterday. 

On motion of Mr. Gale, the report of the committee, as recorded, was ac- 
cepted, and the clerk ordered to issue orders in payment of allowances made. 

The almshouse committee presented the following report of Mr. Z. Cooley, 
superintendent of building east wing of almshouse: 
State of Illinois, I . \! -: : 

Knox County, j ^^' 
To the Honorable, the Board of Supervisors of said County: 

The undersigned, who was appointed to superintend the building of the 
addition to the Knox county almshouse, respectfully reports to your honorable 
body, that the contractors, Messrs. Parry & Stevens, have erected and completed 
said building in all respects as required by their contract, in accordance with 
the plans and specifications, to the satisfaction of the undersigned in all re- 
spects, except the plastering; which is owing to the very unfavorable weather 
at the time when it was done, and when it had to be done in order that the 
contractors might complete their building within the time they were required 
to do so by their contract ; and that the county might have the use of the build- 
ing during the past winter. The undersigned did not think that he ought to 
require the contractors to delay their work until favorable weather for so doing, 
and which there was then no prospect of until another season. Then the reason 
that said plastering is not entirely satisfactory to the undersigned, is not that 
the material used and the workmanship furnished was not good and sufficient, 
but for the reason that at the time it was done and required to be done, it 
was impossible to do or make a first-class job. The undersigned would further 
report that upon an examination of said plastering during the past week, he 
found it to be in a better condition than he had expected. That an expenditure 
of from eight to ten dollars, whenever in the future the house required cleaning 
and renovating, would remove most of the defects that now appear upon some 
of the walls. The undersigned would further report that he has granted to 
the contractors, Messrs. Parry & Stevens, to apply upon their said contract, 
certificates for the sum of $17,300. All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Z. COOLEY. 

' On motion of Mr. Eiker, the report of Mr. Cooley was accepted, and the 
clerk directed to issue an order in favor of Parry & Stevens for the sum of 



f;;f ;;;;::. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;;:^ ; 201 

.7 one hundred dollars, in full payment of contract for building east wing of 
. i almshouse. ; 

: ;- Mr. Holyoke offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 
.; " Resolved, That we endorse the action of the almshouse committee in all 
; the expenses incurred by the county in the renovation and repair of the old 
. ;; building, and the furnishing of both old and new; and inasmuch as everything 
about the almshouse is in first-rate order, we instruct the almshouse committee 
to rest upon the laurels already won, and incur no more expenses at the aims- 
house, except for subsistence and hired help; until the next meeting of the 
board, unless absolutely necessary. . ; (_. 

- April Meeting, 1878. Mr. Temple offered the following resolution: .:'.. 
' Resolved, That the almshouse committee be instructed when making their 
report and pauper bills submitted to them, to report for payment only that 
: .' . class of bills which by the rules heretofore and at present in force become 
:',^ properly county charges. Vvy ' - : \: ,;^.^ 

Mr. Sellon moved to amend rule in force relating to pauper claims by 

, adding the following clause: 

.. "Except in case where temporary, or partial support can be furnished by 
' the county at less expense than if removed to the almshouse." . 

, . .; Mr. McKee moved to lay proposed addition to the rule on the table. Lost. 
:' - Yeas Messrs. McKee, Sisson, Bair, Sumner, Higgins, Sloan and Tucker, 7. 
Nays Messrs. Butler, Latimer, Gale (W. S.), Dieterich, Nelson, Hale, Mc- 
." } Farland, Eiker, Robson, Stephenson, Benson, Aldrich, Temple, Multer, West, 
V. ^ Gaines and Sellon, 17. ;i^;:;^ 

;. The motion of Mr. Sellon was then adopted, and it was ordered that the 
'.-, rule as amended be published with the proceedings of the board. 
' ' The rule as amended reads: -:..- 

' Resolved, That it is the duty of the several overseers of the poor in this 
' county to remove to the almshouse all persons requiring relief from the county, 
: except in the following cases : ,-.,.., .. - ., .-^.. 

; Persons having some contagious disease. ' ' ^'^ V^;> 

Persons whose health will be endangered by removal. :/;' i;- 

:. .Persons not residents of the county requiring only slight aid. . = / v-^ .': -V 

Cases, where temporary or partial support can be furnished by the county, 

; at less expense than if removed to the almshouse. 

; And that the county will not be responsible for relief given outside of alms- 
;. house, except in above cases. :.' : 

.' ;- July Meeting, 1878. Mr. Hale offered the following resolution: 
; '". ' That a committee of three be appointed to devise some means of adequate 
, protection from fire for the Knox county almshouse property and report to the 
,. ,;. next regular meeting of this board. 

,;":. That before the next regular meeting of this board the superintendent of 
. ; - the Knox county almshouse be instructed to discontinue the practice of smoking 

' tobacco by the inmates of said institution. 

' .J That before the next regular meeting of the board the superintendent of the 
; Knox county almshouse, be instructed to discontinue the habitual use of opium 
.' . in any form by the inmates of said institution. ; i . KL.';;- 

V , . ^ , On motion referred to committee on almshouse and paupers. -. vV. v . . 



202 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;'.>- V 

---.'. 1 ' ' V / 

September Meeting, 1878. Mr. Hale from special committee in regard to 
securing almshouse property from damage of fire, by permission, presented the 
following report : 

GALESBURG, 111., Sept. lo, 1878. ' 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: -"V 

Your special committee, appointed at the last regular session of this board, 
to devise some means of adequate protection from fire for the Knox county 
almshouse property beg leave to report that they have given some consideration 
to the subject matter referred to them. 

They report that they find the premises at present almost wholly without 
means of extinguishment of a fire if one should occur. They recommend that 
water tanks of suitable size, and adapted to the purpose designed, be placed in 
the attics of the two wings of the building, and elsewhere if found necessary, 
to be kept constantly filled with water, and with necessary reels of hose on 
each floor and with convenient means of attachment with the standing pipes, as 
a tolerable means of extinguishment of fires in case of their occurrence. They 
recommend that your committee (or such other committee as you shall appoint), 
be authorized to employ Zelotes Cooley, Esq., or some other competent person, 
to prepare and submit a plan in detail for carrying out the foregoing recommenda- 
tions, with an estimate of the probable cost, to be submitted to this board, at its 
next regular session. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. -'' ' ' : 

,..'>..':'- ../''' '' ' . .'' ' '' -. ' T. J. HALE, 

:' ..::---^^';.-- ^ ,' / ''^-- '.. '. I' ''.--.'-'' D. M. ElKER, 

D. VV. ALDRICH. 

On motion the report of the committee was accepted and adopted. 

Mr. Eiker from committee on almshouse read report of county physician, and 
on motion of Mr. Hale said report was received and ordered to be printed with 
the proceedings of the board. . , 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Kno.v County, Illinois. 

GENTLEMEN : I would respectfully report for the information of the people 
of the county that there are at present io6 inmates in the Knox county aims- 
house. Of this number 25 are insane. The capacity of the house for the proper 
care of this class of persons is limited by the number of properly prepared 
rooms. Of these there are only 23. While some of this class may, with safety, be 
permitted to enjoy the free range of the common wards in the day time, there 
is not one that can be trusted at liberty during the night. Common humanity 
requires that this class be restricted in their liberty as little as possible, com- 
patible with their safety, the safety of the house and the safety of others. When 
it is considered what devices such persons will resort to for the purpose of 
greater freedom of action, it is not to be wondered at that escapes will occur. 
They do occur at asylums, where every safeguard known to hospital manage- 
ment is in force, and the wonder is they do not occur more frequently from our 
almshouse, where the means for the absolute safety of the inmates is so limited. 
This class is progressively increasing in number. They are being sent back 
from the insane hospital as incurable ; the County court continues to send them 
till arrangements are made for their reception at the asylum, which reception 
generally turns on the demand that some of the county's representatives at the 

:--.',;' -ivV . ' - , ,.' ' .' . "' . -. ' ,',- -'';--'- ;'/'. .;' 4 '':;' 



^r r :> :; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; 7;^'; 203 

asylum be removed back to the county almshouse. This interchange of recently 
insane for incurable insane has been going on between the almshouse and insane 
asylum for now these several years. The records of Knox county do not 
show a return at all commensurate with the expense of hospital treatment. 
Of the numerous cases sent to the state hospitals, how many have returned cured ? 
The gentlemen of the board can each answer for himself and for his own town- 
ship. The function of the state asylums, it seems, is principally the safe care 
of the insane, and this care should not be limited by the mere fact that a 
"county's quota" is full, any more than the care of the almshouse should be 
limited by the mere fact that one or two townships furnish the larger number 
of inmates, some townships not being represented at all. This is a reason, we 
understand, that the asylum authorities give for not promptly receiving those 
recently adjudged insane. If now Knox county's quota is more than full at the 
asylum, the capacity of the almshouse is more than exhausted, and other pro- 
visions must soon be provided for this unfortunate class of our citizens; and no 
apology is needed if I present in this connection some statistics bearing upon .- 
the expense of furnishing the protection. 

From a paper read by Dr. Wilbur of New York before the American Social 
Science Association in September, 1877, it appears that the cost of the building 
alone of twenty insane asylums in the United States was $19,506,000. Number 
of insane provided for by these twenty asylums, 9,875. Furniture and other 
appliances are not included in the above estimate. The per capita cost is more 
than $2,000. But one Illinois asylum was included in the above estimate. The 
cost of it was put down at $534,000 with a capacity of 450, making it $1,186.66 
per capita. Fstimating the cost of the Knox county almshouse at $50,000, with 
an average family of 75, the cost per capita is only $666. Showing a very decided 
economy in the county taking care of its own incurable insane. Whether it is 
generally known or not, there has been between ten and twelve million dollars 
uselessly expended in the construction of state hospitals, of such a character that 
one-half of the insane of the country might be luxuriously taken care of while 
the other half are insecurely kept in almshouses. And here I might state that it 
is the judgment of those qualified to give an opinion in the case, that the insane 
and sane paupers should not be kept together; that is, separate buildings should 
be provided for each. .-. 

In addition to the 25 insane in the almshouse there are 25 idiots. These 
patients, when the idiocy does not depend upon epilepsy, might very well be kept 
with the sane poor. Since the last annual meeting (September, 1877) there have 
been but five deaths: .:' - -: -;;.H; :. ' ' - : 

Intemperance and old age 90 years .; 

Epilepsy 70 years ; 

Bright's disease 49 years 

Consumption 35 years 

Cholera inf antum and congenital syphilis 3 months 

There has been in the same time three births. The superintendent has pro- 
vided a register and library fund book for the use of visitors who may feel 
disposed to contribute anything towards providing reading matter for the family. 
This fund has already secured the regular reception of several magazines and ^'. 
enabled the superintendent to purchase quite a number of useful and enter- 



204 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;-V;.; 

taining books for the family. The Library is indebted to Mr. Cephas Arms of 
Knoxville for some twenty or twenty-five volumes, Judge Douglas and daughter 
of Galesburg have the thanks of the family for numerous volumes of the "Ladies 

Repository." The First National bank of Knoxville has continued its contribu- 
tion of files of the Chicago dailies. For all these favors the family desires, 
through me, to extend its thanks. 

It remains for me to report on the resolution of the board, at its last meet- 
ing, in respect to the discontinuance of the habitual use of opium in any form 
by the inmates of the almshouse. Before the passage of the resolution I had 
made several attempts to reduce the amount used. Every reduction I made was 
: ascribed by the patients to some "grudge" the superintendent or physician had 
against them, so I availed myself of a semi-permission, on the part of some mem- 

bers of the board, to continue the usual allowance, till the present meeting 
with the full understanding of the patients that it would then positively and 
abruptly stop. Any subterfuge on the part of the habitual opium eater, in order 
to obtain the drug, is considered honorable and here, as the last supply has run 
short, certain plans have been resorted to. One of the patients, after boasting 

that he was cured, was caught at the medicine case helping himself from the 
laudanum bottle. He states that he has had no morphine from the county for 
six weeks. To your physician's personal knowledge he has had two drachm 
bottles of morphine in this time, his full amount. 

We can see no more reason why opium intoxication should be permitted at 
the almshouse than alcoholic intoxication; and we are thankful to the board 
that it has assumed the responsibility of forbidding its continuance, in this way 
relieving us of unjust censure on the part of the patients. , ., , 

Respectfully, . . ; 1 ; 

O^'-: t '-'' M. A. McCLELLAND. 

Mr. Gale presented a resolution directing the almshouse committee to adver- 
tise for supplies for that institution. Referred to committee on almshouse and 
paupers. 

January, 1879. Mr. Hale, from special committee to whom was referred the 
subject of protection to the almshouse from fire, presented the following report: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County: 

Your committee, heretofore appointed to inquire into and report upon the 
practicability and expense of providing some adequate protection from loss and 
casualty from fire in the Knox county almshouse and by subsequent resolution, 
authorized to employ Zelotes Cooley, Esq., to examine the several plans proposed, 
and report the result, with the probable expense of the plan recommended, beg 
leave to submit the following report from Mr. Cooley, in compliance with the 
foregoing resolution, towit: 
State of Illinois, ) ' ; ; - .' -V-, ,: / 

y ss. ' * 

Knox County, j ' . . 

To the Honorable Board of Supertnsors of Kno.r County, Illinois. 

The undersigned, to whom was referred the matter of providing some suitable 
plan for the protection of the county almshouse from destruction by fire, re- 
spectfully report: That he made an examination of the building for that pur- 
pose, and after considering the matter would recommend that the two water 
tanks now in the building be used for that purpose, with an additional tank, to 



V::: :}.;; ;;;;^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :^c : 205 

be placed as near the center of the building as can be, with a capacity equal to 
the other two tanks in the building, all these tanks I would connect by suitable 
pipes running from each tank to the basement story of the building, connecting 
with a horizontal pipe running east and west from the west tank to the east 
one; from the horizontal pipe I would have three stand pipes, one in each wing 
of the building, and the other near the center east and west, running up through 
both stories, making three places in each story for discharging the water. It 
would require something like one hundred and twenty-five feet of hose pipe for 
each story. From such information as I have been able to obtain, I think that 
the cost of the works complete, would be about three hundred dollars. ;!; 

. , ; ; . Respectfully submitted, -, - ,>' . 

Z. CooLEY. " 

Your committee have examined the plan submitted in the foregoing report 
and deem it practicable, and the probable expenses reasonable ; and recommend 
that the said plan be adopted, and that the undersigned committee be authorized 
and instructed to superintend the construction and erection of said improve- 
ment, with such authority to make purchases, and employ assistants and perform 
other acts as shall be necessary in the execution of the duty imposed upon them.- ' 
All of which is respectfully submitted. > '=-V:. ,,--' ; . '- '-^ ' 

:: , . , ; ...;. ....-, - , :.::, , - ^.. : ;;.... -? 'KV^ ^"^^'f' /^ ' :' T. J. HALE,' ' '' -;. ;f;^'- 
''\'.''-'.'-'^'''i','. V -^ . '' /'^ ':';-. ^--v>r.-"='- ^':?vi'""/^; :!. "';/. D. W. ALDRICH,""' :' 
.-'--''''''' ' -'''^^'"'^^'^.^'- -^."-. .--: -v':-^ :.:.-. -:^^ D. M. ElKER. ;; 

Messrs. Eiker, Higgins, Temple, West and Gaines entered. . ' - 

On motion of Mr. W. S. Gale the report of the committee was accepted and 

adopted. . . r .n- - .:, 

Mr. Butler offered the following resolution: " ' ' ' ''"' 

Resolved, That in place and stead of all rules now in force in this board 
relating to pauper claims, the following be adopted: ' , 

Resolved, That it is the duty of the several overseers of the poor in this 
county to remove to the almshouse all persons requiring relief from the county, 
except in the following cases : 

' 1st. Persons having some contagious disease.-;/:';;:;' ': :f:';' '^ 

2nd. Persons too sick to be removed. ,;...;;;.;' ::, '- '-^'y* - '^ 

And that the county will not be responsible for relief given outside of the 
almshouse, except in the above cases, and then only when the relief has been 
ordered by the overseer of the poor of the town where the relief is given. 
,' The yeas and nays being demanded, resulted: ; '. ^^. 

Yeas Messrs. Butler, Latimer, Gale (G. W.), Gale (W. S.), Dieten'ch, 
Nelson, Sisson, McFarland, Sumner, Eiker, Higgins, Robson, Stephenson. Ben- 
son, Aldrich, VVyman, Temple, Andrews, Corey, West, Tucker, Gaines and 

Sellon 23. ':;'-'- X ..' ^-^^'^"''^'^i' .''-;' ,^X'';'''^^,'^'^-:.'- -i^'-/ 

'Nays None. .'.--i^ ^'i-'--; v ',- '.- '.vi'- ' /^^ >'v:V..-':^^r "^ ' /^'."XliS'^^V-V'-' 

Resolution adopted. 

April Meeting, 1879. Mr. Hale from special committee on protection to the 
almshouse from fire presented the following rfeport: 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County. . :-;-.. .r'/v;. 

The undersigned committee heretofore appointed to contract for and super- 



206 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -/.^^ :: 

intend the construction of an approved plan for protection from fire in the Knox 
county almshouse, beg leave to report: 

That acting under the authority conferred upon them they employed the 
Haxtun Steam Heating Company of Kewanee, 111., to construct and place in 
the said building such an apparatus as was approved by the said board, at the 
January meeting, 1879, by contract accpmpanying this report, for the sum of 
$335; that the said contractors have constructed and placed the said apparatus 
in the said building, but that up to this date it has not been perfected so as to be 
accepted by the committee. They recommend that the sum of $338.41 (of which 
sum $3.41 is for extra materials not covered by the contract) be appropriated to 
the payment for said improvements, to be paid over to the contractors when the 
said work and apparatus shall be complete and perfect according to contract 
and accepted by this committee. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. ' '. .:.''... 

:,-.--.v.-.-;. -- . ' . :,..; :'/'' ^ T. J. HALE, 

" .^/;'-^-':-"/ ' - .. ^ '; '\ ;-.;' '" D. M. ElKER, 

',';:';:':'"- - -' : /. '':'-^-';" ^'---^ ;::;:''.:'; D. W. ALDRICH, '" " .'- . 
> -'i -:"'' Committee. - '' 

On motion the report of the committee was accepted and its recommendations 
concurred in. 

Mr. Eiker moved to amend rules governing aid rendered to paupers by 
adding an additional exception, as follows: 

3rd. Persons not resident in the town where aided. -. -- - 
- Amendment adopted. .. ., ., " 

The rules as amended read : 

Resolved, That in place and stead of all rules now in force in this board 
relating to pauper claims the following be adopted : 

. .:. Resolved, That it is the duty of the several overseers of the poor in this 
county to remove to the almshouse all persons requiring relief from the county, 
except in the following cases: 

1st. Persons having some contagious disease. ';.<,:.-.; 

2nd. Persons too sick to be removed. ,'.'.'; - : 
- 3rd. Persons not resident in the town where aided. ' . 

And that the county will not be responsible for relief given outside of the 
almshouse, except in the above cases, and then onlv when the relief has been 
ordered by the overseer of the poor of the town where the relief is given. 

July Meeting, 1879. Communication of Mrs. L. J. Cleveland. :'/:. 1. ; , .. 
To the Honorable Almshouse Committee and Board of Supervisors. 

GENTLEMEN : Your superintendent would respectfully submit the following 
report. Since your last meeting there have been I37i/^ individual weeks board 
furnished at a cost of $1.09, not including improvements and repairs; and 
$1.57 including all expenses incurred in operating the institution and farm. At 
present there are 103 inmates, 59 males and 44 females. Of this number 25 are 
over 60 years of age, 14 over 70 and 4 over 80, and 12 children under lo. 
Of the above number 29 are insane, 22 idiotic. There have been no births and 
but one death, which was that of the oldest member of the family. We are 
under obligation to Rev. Mr. Waddle and Deacon Arms for conducting the 
funeral services. 



'-:-^.\-^^::'::^y^^^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^\:^ ": 207 

c Through the kindness of the Presbyterian clergy and laymen, and the Swedish 
clergy of Knoxville, the inmates have the advantage of religious instruction 
almost every sabbath, and generous benefactors have furnished them with a 
sufficient supply of reading matter. 

The usual amount of repairing, plastering, kalsomining, painting and paper- 
ing, with the addition of replacing three stone window cappings, has been done ; 
also considerable cane matting has been furnished. However, it requires con- 
stant renewing and repairing to preserve the building, and keep the institution 
in a good condition. Unfortunately the house is not properly constructed to 
care for and treat insane patients. Those who are safe to be at liberty have 
free range of the wards and yard during the day; those that are not safe to be 
so left are taken out three times a day by an attendant and exercised. Constant 
attention is given to cleanliness, patients being bathed as often as necessary. 
This is not all that ought to be done, but all that can be done with the present 
arrangements. There are a few of the patients who are very destructive, and 
for the purpose of restraining them at such times we use Fisher's patent leather 
muffs, otherwise they would destroy all within their reach. 

In respect to the purchasing of supplies the same course has been pursued as 
heretofore; bids have been solicited from numerous dealers, and the purchases 
have been made from those who furnished the best goods for the least money. 

Believing a visit by the board to the institution would be advantageous to the 
citizens of the county I extend a cordial invitation to your honorable body to 
visit the house and farm during the present meeting. 

.' ;._ .-j'J '' .; ;-;'';/-^ :'':..'_ \:.^ }'' Respectfully, ':.;'.' J-'-f'^^-:^ 

: MRS. L. J. CLEVELAND. ' "' 

Communication of M. A. McClelland. . , '. 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County. ----- = ' . 

GENTLEMEN : During the past three months there have been eighteen admis- 
sions to the almshouse. With the exception of four children, all of these have 
been more or less sick. One, a tramp, was dangerously so, and is not likely 
to recover. Repeated attacks of pleurisy have resulted in the exudation of pus 
in the pleural cavity. Two of the recent admissions have left the house; the 
others remain. One, coming in with a comeal ulcer and purulent inflammation 
of the eyes, was sent as soon as she could be got ready to the state eye and 
ear infirmary. The corneal ulceration had commenced but ten days before her 
admission, and, being over center of pupil, there seemed a probability that, after 
healing, there would be such an amount of opacity left that permanent blindness 
and permanent pauperism would follow. This seemed a sufficient reason for 
sending her to Chicago. While your physician is perhaps as competent as any 
other general practitioner in the county to treat diseases of the eye, he does not 
pretend to the skill possessed by the surgeons in charge of the state hospital for 
diseases of the eye and ear. Inasmuch as the only cost for treatment at the state 
hospital is the railroad fare to and from Chicago, I would strongly recommend 
that such patients be sent direct from several towns, rather than sending them 
to the almshouse, as being much cheaper, and also affording the patient a better 
chance for recovery, from early treatment. An affidavit from the patient as to his 
being a pauper, and a certificate from the supervisor that the patient is one. is 
all that is necessary to insure admission to the hosptial. The return ticket 



208 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

should be sent to the superintendent, so that, in case of fire or any epidemic 
disease occuring, the patient may be prpmptly returned to the county. A complete 
change of clothing is also required. The patient above referred to was treated 
last winter, as an out-door patient ; but from that attack and a prior one she had 
entirely recovered. ' '- '- ' ' -' /' ': . v^V. -I 

Of the recent admissions, one is alleged to be insane; yet no steps have 
been taken to have him so pronounced by the legally constituted authorities. 
He is being held by the superintendent at the risk of those who brought him 
to the almshouse. There is probably no doubt as to his condition, but this 
should have been determined before he was sent to the house. 

There is another case a man about 30 years of age sent in January last 
to the house, to wait for admission to the insane hospital. If it falls within the 
jurisdiction of the sheriff to convey such parties to the asylum, he had better 
keep them under his own control and observation till such transference is made. 
The patient might, in this way, get the benefit of earlier treatment, which is most 
valuable in insanity as in other diseases. 

Within the past few weeks there has come into the hands of your physician 
the report of the state board of public charities (Repoit for 1878), which would 
make rather valuable reading for many citizens of the county, whose deductions 
as to the relative cost and manner of keeping paupers in various parts of the 
state are quite at variance with the facts. In respect to one county that has been 
held up as a model for us the report says: "This county has never treated its 
insane well. Two of the present inmates, who are insane, have been shut up 
for seventeen years. One was kept for many years in chains. They are not 
properly cared for in respect to cleanliness." It falls within the province of the 
superintendent and the honorable almshouse committee to report how such 
patients are kept in Knox county. I might say, however, that the "model" 
county although five townships smaller, and with 500 less population (census 
of 1870) than Knox county had, from the ist day of October, 1877, to the 
3Oth day of September, 1878, 17,645 days' board at the different state institutions, 
while Knox county had but 13,823 a difference of 3,822 days' board. The 
outdoor relief also varies greatly. At a late meeting of the board of super- 
visors there were 641 persons aided from the county treasury. The farm in 
this county contains nearly 200 acres, and the family averages below eighty. 
When, therefore, comparisons are made for the purpose of putting the man- 
agement of the Knox county charities in an unfavorable light, it would be nothing 
more than justice to make the comparison a complete one by taking some pains 
to learn all the facts bearing upon the case. ;"'.-''- I -; \ .; 

Respectfully, .;. v 

'' : ^ - ^J ^ McCLELLAND. 

September Meeting, 1880. Mr. Gale (G. W.) offered the following resolu- 
tion, which was adopted: ; ; : ^i^./ -;;';. j:-:^-,:r-).= - 

Resolved, That upon certificate of the chairman of the almshouse committee 
that the work has been completed and accepted by the committee, the clerk be 
directed to issue orders in favor of Merrill & Wilber for $iio, being the bal- 
ance due them for work, repairing basement and building coal house at aims- 
house. ..- : :. , - 

Mr. Gale (G. W.) offered the following resolution: :'.. 



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208 ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

should be sent to the superintendent, so that, in case of fire or any epidemic 
disease occuring, the patient may be promptly returned to the county. A complete 
change of clothing is also required. The patient above referred to was treated 
last winter, as an out-door patient; but from that attack and a prior one she had 
entirely recovered. . 

Of the recent admissions, one is alleged to be insane; yet no steps have 
been taken to have him so pronounced by the legally constituted authorities. 
He is being held by the superintendent at the risk of those who brought him 
to the almshouse. There is probably no doubt as to his condition, but this 
should have been determined before he was sent to the house. 1 

There is another case a man about 30 years of age sent in January last 
to the house, to wait for admission to the insane hospital. If it falls within the 
jurisdiction of the sheriff to convey such parties to the asylum, he had better 
keep them under his own control and observation till such transference is made. 
The patient might, in this way, get the benefit of earlier treatment, which is most 
valuable in insanity as in other diseases. 

Within the past few weeks there has come into the hands of your physician 
the report of the state board of public charities (Report for 1878), which would 
make rather valuable reading for many citizens of the county, whose deductions 
as to the relative cost and manner of keeping paupers in various parts of the 
state are quite at variance with the facts. In respect to one county that has been 
held up as a model for us the report says : "This county has never treated its 
insane well. Two of the present inmates, who are insane, have been shut up 
for seventeen years. One was kept for many years in chains. They are not 
properly cared for in respect to cleanliness." It falls within the province of the 
superintendent and the honorable almshouse committee to report how such 
patients are kept in Knox county. I might say, however, that the "model" 
county although five townships smaller, and with 500 less population (census 
of 1870) than Knox county had, from the ist day of October, 1877, to the 
30th day of September, 1878, 17,645 days' board at the different state institutions, 
while Knox county had but 13,823 a difference of 3,822 days' board. The 
outdoor relief also varies greatly. At a late meeting of the board of super- 
visors there were 641 persons aided from the county treasury. The farm in 
this county contains nearly 200 acres, and the family averages below eighty. 
When, therefore, comparisons are made for the purpose of putting the man- 
agement of the Knox county charities in an unfavorable light, it would be nothing 
more than justice to make the comparison a complete one by taking some pains 
to learn all the facts bearing upon the case. . | .. 

Respectfully, ' ' 

' ' M. A, McCLELLAND. 

September Meeting, 1880. Mr. Gale (G. W.) offered the following resolu- 
tion, which was adopted : ' . I . 

Resolved, That upon certificate of the chairman of the almshouse committee 
that the work has been completed and accepted by the committee, the clerk be 
directed to issue orders in favor of Merrill & Wilber for $iio, being the bal- 
ance due them for work, repairing basement and building coal house at aims- 
house. . ^ . 

Mr. Gale (G. W.) offered the following resolution: . ^ 



J. 

c 



E. 




. :^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^'i 209 

Resolved, That the purchase of tobacco by the county for use by the inmates 
of the almshouse and jail be discontinued. : .... 

Yeas and nays being called : 

Yeas Messrs. Boydston, Kimball, Gale (G. W.), Gale (W. S.), Dieterich, 
McKee, Morse, Rankin, May, Stephenson, Rebstock, Corey and Tucker, 13. - 
Nays Messrs. McFarland, Simpson, Woodmansee, Leighton, Mathews, Sans- 
bury and Todd, 7. Carried. 

January Meeting, 1882. Mr. Robson offered the following resolution, which 
..was adopted: 

Resolved, That in place and stead of all orders now in force relating to 
pauper claims, the following be adopted: .=^. 

Resolved, That the county will not be responsible for relief given to persons 
; having contagious diseases. 

- Resolved, That it is the duty of the several overseers of the poor of the 
./; county to remove to the almshouse all persons requiring relief from the county, 
:.' except in the following cases: . . .; . ,. , 

: 1st. Persons not resident in the town where aided. . . r. . :>.;V. 

2nd. Persons too sick to be removed. . . : . - . .; 

And the county will not be responsible for relief given outside the almshouse, 
"except in the above cases, and then only when relief has been ordered by the 
overseer of the poor in the town where the relief is given. 

Mr. May moved that the overseer of the poor of the city of Galesburg 
shall receive from the county a sum not exceeding three hundred dollars per 
: annum for his services. Adopted. .-,': 

; Adjourned Meeting, August 6, 1883. Mr. Charles read the following report 
' of the committee on almshouse and paupers on almshouse proper : 

We desire to call attention to the fact that we have not sufficient accommoda- 
. tion for our insane at the county almshouse and would recommend the appoint- 
: ment of a committee to take the matter into consideration and report at our next 
meeting.. . . . .... j ;--.;.-.-. ..^/ ... v 



'..:'',j> -'iV:;^ A. G. CHARLES, 

..>-/'. ''- : ',^.'-"''":. r^' ^'-\l^-v- C ':''':'--''.'' 'fV ''."'' ?'-^!;.-.' J. A. FREDRICKS, 
;-":- . . .^\' ;.- ^"'^..'c. v'''-^';--: .^,: -'';'-;. V/V''-'',.%'^-''V'V M. B. HARDEN, 

' ' D. GREENLEAF. 

Mr. Gale moved that the report be adopted and its recommendations con- 
curred in, except the last clause pertaining to increased accommodations at the 
almshouse. Carried. . _: . . 

Mr. Gale moved that the matter pertaining to the increased accommodations 
at the almshousp be referred to the committee on almshouse and paupers. 

Mr. Charles moved to amend by adding Mr. Hale and Mr. Gale to the 
committee. : r. r . v ^ -' 

The motion as amended was adopted. 

September Meeting, 1883. A communication from the state board of public 
charities in regard to increased accommodation for the insane was read and 
referred to same committee. 

. Mr. Charles read the following report of the committee to whom was re- 
ferred the matter of providing increased accommodations for the insane: 



Vol. 114 



210 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; ;.^ , ^ 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors. >,..,, v 

Your special committee, to whom was referred the matter of increased 
accommodations for the insane at the almshouse, beg leave to report that after 
inquiry, we find there are in the almshouse thirty-three insane patients. With 
the exception of three or four they are easily managed. We learn that the state, 
acting under a bill appropriating nearly $500,000, is now making accommodations 
for about fourteen hundred patients in addition to those already provided for, 
which will allow our county an additional quota of about sixteen. 

Your committee are of opinion that when the accommodations above referred 
to are completed there will be ample room at our almshouse for all that may 
remain. 

We, therefore, recommend that no action be taken at the present in the 
matter of making further accommodations for the insane. 
'V^'V'^: Respectfully submitted, v^V;-'^^ '^ -'! ' 

; -iiv;; ' A.G.CHARLES, i, v' M. B. HARDEN, ; 

iV, : J. A. FREDRICKS, T. J. HALE, - 

W. SELDEN GALE. 

On motion of Mr. Eiker, said report was accepted and its recommendations 
concurred in. ; : . . ' ", I \;^''; : 

January, 1890. The hour for the consideration of the report of the special 
committee on care of the insane having arrived, the report was called up, and 
on motion of Mr. Simpson the report was adopted and its recommendations 
concurred in by the board. ' ^ ''-'' '->"::,v-'^Y 

The following is the report: i" . 

BOARD OF SUPERVISORS, JANUARY TERM, 1890. 

The committee appointed to consider the provision to be made for the insane 
beg leave to report: 

. . In making their investigation they have visited the state institutions at Jack- 
sonville and Kankakee and the county houses in neighboring counties, where 
provision has recently been made for the county insane. After advising with 
the superintendents of these institutions, examining buildings and equipment, 
and giving attention to the methods of management, they consulted Mr. I. A. 
Coleman, the architect of the state buildings now in progress of construction, and 
after conference and consultation with him on the ground at the almshouse, 
employed him to furnish plans and estimates of cost, which they herewith sub- 
mit. The plans are for a building three stories in height, to correspond with 
the present almshouse building, attached to the west wing by a corridor adapted 
to use in connection with the almshouse, under the same superintendent, using 
in common the present offices, kitchen, laundry and heating apparatus to ac- 
commodate forty patients and to be constructed as nearly fire-proof as possible 
with reasonable outlay. .'-'-..' 

. The committee find it impossible to determine with any certainty the number 
of patients the county will be called upon to provide for. It has been the declared 
policy of the state to provide for all the insane, others as well as those who are 
a public charge. The provision made by the state has never been quite adequate, 
and the additions made from time to time have been exceeded by the increase in 
applicants. This county has always been obliged to care for some of the insane 



iv ;:v V ' ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 7v:n 211 ;V 

poor, and has also sheltered some who were not paupers, but who could neither 
get admittance into the state asylums nor be properly cared for at home. v;^ 

Six years ago some provision to be made by the county seemed imperative, .v 
but about that time the state institutions were very much enlarged, the quota ~ ' 
of this county was increased and as some counties were slow in calling for the ^^ . 
accommodations they were entitled to, this county was permitted to send patients ' . 
in excess of its quota, and was for the time relieved. At the present time all ,; ' 
the state institutions appear to be crowded and this county is called on to remove ' 
all its patients in excess of its quota. , 

.:' Provision has been made for an increase of capacity of three asylums of - 
300 each, an addition of nearly 25 per cent to the present capacity of all the ; ; 
asylums. This will not be available before 1891. In the meantime the census . - 
for 1890 will afford a new basis for apportionment, and the advantage this '.- 
county might gain will be to a large extent neutralized by the excessive com- v 
parative growth of Cook county. ; . ;..; ; no.-. : - 

While Knox county is one of the few that has, since the last census, mater- : 
ially added to its population, it is quite certain its growth has been in a less ratio 
than that of the whole state. Cook county included. 

If the number of the insane contirtues to increase with the increase of popula- ./ 
tion (and for years past the increase of insane seems relatively greater), there .' . 
will be an increased pressure, only to be relieved by additional provision to be .- . 
made by the state, except so far as some relief may be had by change of basis ;^^;'.' 
of apportionment./ ^i^^ : : ^-^' ; ;x';''^: - 

The apportionment is now made among counties according to population. ;v 
It may hereafter be fixed according to the number of insane. If, as seems to be t. : 
the case, the insane in this county are usually numerous compared with the .. . 
population, we may realize some greater increase of quota in the next appor- " 
tionment. ;.*-ri- ; . .^:; 

That such change of basis will be made is not certain. Nor is it certain 
the state will continue to extend its asylums. The opinion may prevail that it ;: 
is better to leave the several counties to provide each for itself for any further 
increase. And it may be well to say that after what the committee have learned l-:'-'.^'. 
of the methods of management in the state asylums and the county houses, their '/ 
opinions on this subject are modified, and they believe, that, while as a general .; .. 
rule, a more careful management of public funds may be expected from county ;;-- 
boards than from state officials, yet in the provision for and care of the insane 
the best results are to be hoped for when the institution is sufficiently large to : 
afford and secure the highest education and talent in the management and the , 
most thoroughly trained and competent assistants, and when the outlay in 
construction and equipment will be in the hands of those who have made the 
matter a special study. ; -. . 

But the opinion of this committee or this board on this subject will not control ' . 
the action of the state, and the most it is worth is as an indication of the con- ;; , 
elusions to which others, with opportunity for investigation, may be likely to /: , 
arrive. -v 

In estimating the wants of this county in new constructions we do not ;; 
think it worth while to take into account the small provision not existing in the 
almshouse and jail. ...... . , . -. . .. '' 



".-';':' '.'' '.-' -' ..'.;'.; V -->'-;;'. 

212 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^-pi;/ L^ 

That in the jail is needed for temporary detention of persons on their way 
elsewhere. That in the almshouse does not permit the seclusion of the patients 
from non-insane inmates, or the special care patients might have associated with 
the other insane and put to the use of paupers, it is a small margin for increase 
in their number. !. 

The number of Knox county insane now in public institutions is: At Jack-j; 
sonville, 46; Kankakee, ii; almshouse, i8; jail, 4; in all, 79. Our present 
quota in the state institutions is 46, and we are entitled to place these only at 
Jacksonville, leaving to be provided for by this county, 33. This number to be 
cared for by the county will be decreased in the distribution of the provision 
now being made by the state. " ' i ' ' 

It may possibly be further reduced by a change in basis of apportionment. 
And if the state should extend its provision for the insane to meet the further 
increase of population, either by enlarging the asylums or the building of new 
ones, there may never be anything more than a temporary increase and the 
building may stand only partially occupied and useful as a guarantee against 
inconvenience caused by a sudden increase of population in this county or 
some delay in state action in making provision to meet the increase of population 
in the state. But if no further provision be made by the state and the 
county be called on to take care of its own increase or meet the diminution of 
its quota consequent on increase of population in other parts of the state, it 
will not be many years that a house for 40 patients will exceed the wants of 
the county. 

The committee believe no time should be lost in making whatever provision 
the board thinks best to make, and they recommend that a committee be author- 
ized to settle upon plans substantially conforming to those furnished by Mr. 
Coleman ; that they be authorized to employ an architect to make complete work- 
ing plans and prepare proi>er specifications, to advertise for building contracts, 
to let contracts and to proceed with the building as rapidly as can be made 
profitable. 

They think by prompt action the contract may be let by the middle of 
February and the work begun as soon as the materials can be had and the 
weather will permit work. , . . '. \' . ' - . ''*^\ /:; K;^^' :.| ..'- ' 

.-....- ^''',' ' : W. SELDEN GALE. 

.. -'- .\:v,:^:V/: ^ '.:;; ' ... ' '^ ,' _ '-'"^ WM. RoBSON, ..;' 

.. ';v%'':V:,'^ . . ''. _., ' '". H. M. SissoN, .''.-. 

':,;'-:',;.:;!'': - . ' ' \. ;:,';.' . . ' -^ ' ' .- J. S. SiMPSON, : ' ; 

; . . .'V JAMES REBSTOCK. 

Moved by Mr. Rearick that the proposed building committee consist of three 
members. Carried. 

Supervisor George entered. :.".-..- ( - 

Moved by Mr. Robson that the expenditures of the committee in the con- 
struction of the proposed building be limited to $25,000. Carried. 

Moved by Mr. O'Connor that the committee be instructed to adopt a plan of 
construction practically fireproof. Carried. 

Moved by Mr. Gale that the motion fixing the number of the committee at 
three be reconsidered. Carried. . ' ./ . i '.''" 

On motion of Mr. Gale the number of the committee was increased to five. 



.^ ; / ^ , ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; - ^ - ;^ 218 

Pending committee, work, on motion of Mr. O'Connor the board adjourned V:-. 
to 1:30 P. M. v: / '.' 

One Thirty P. M. Board called to order by the chairman. Present, same :' ;' 
as this forenoon. 

The chairman announced the appointment of the following named members to 
compose the building committee: Messrs. Gale, Simpson, Robson, Sisson and 5. 
Rebstock. -. r ^ . -v^- .' ' 

April, 1890. Moved by Mr. Simpson that the chairman appoint a committee ' 
of five on almshouse annex. Carried. 

Mr. Robson then called for the reading of the contract with Mr. Munson 
for the construction of the almshouse annex. \' . -x 

Moved by Mr. Robson that the questions presented by the options in the ; r' 
contract lie over until tomorrow at ii o'clock. 

The chairman announced the appointment of the following committee on 
annex to the almshouse. "^ ' > 

Messrs. Robson, Sisson, Simpson, Rebstock and Boydstun. .^x;'i \' . v ', ., 

Mr. Robson called up the matters in the contract for the construction of the ' 
annex to the almshouse. He stated that the committee advertised for bids to be . ; 
opened February i5th, but that they received no bids which they accepted ,-.: . 
and so advertised again for March i8th, when they obtained a larger number ';. 
of competitors. The committee had contracted with Mr. P. O. Munson of ; .-'; 
Galesburg, to put up the annex according to = plans and specifications furnished . ' 
by Mr. I. C. Coleman, architect, using thorough fireproof construction except as ; 
to the roof, which would be wood covered with slate, the building to be finished 
in southern pine and all for $24,000; for $24,300 if finished in white oak; for $26,- ' .: 
459 if the building is finished inside with white oak and with iron roof con- ' ' 
struction. This committee desire instruction from the board as to which option ; 
they should accept. 

: ' Moved by Mr. Becker that the committee be directed to accept the $24,000 : 
bid with pine and wood roof construction. 

Moved by Mr. Simpson, as a substitute, that the committee be directed to . - 
accept the $26,459 ^'^ with oak and iron roof construction. .; ; 

The ayes and nays being called resulted as follows: .-.:-.%';. -i ; 

Ayes McWilliams, Austin, Boydstun, Rearick, Burkhalter, Peter Nelson, ,' - 
Nels Nelson, Sisson, Clark, Simpson, Smith, Robson, Boynton, Rebstock, Whit- ; 
ing. Mason, Fmery, 17. -'' 

Nays Wilson, Heflin, Stephenson, Young, Becker, Baird, Seward, McCrea, 8. >' . 

The substitute prevailed. . ; . 

Mr. Simpson stated that owing to the necessity for an increase in the facilities ; 
for the care of the insane the board at the September meeting authorized the 
almshouse committee to make such temporary arrangements as were best until 
the January meeting. That at the January meeting it became apparent that more 
room would be required than the county could provide at once, there being eleven -^ . . 
patients at Kankakee, which had been ordered to be removed. Accordingly he . 
visited Peoria county for the purpose of making arrangements for the temporary 
use of a part of their vacancies in the state hospital for the insane at Jackson- 
ville. The county board of Peoria county being in session at the time gave Knox 
county permission to use 12 vacancies until such time as we could provide more ..' . 



214 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY /;;:; 

room or until such vacancies might be wanted for their own necessities. Mr. 
Simpson offered the following resolution, which was adopted: 

Resolved, That the thanks of this board are due and are hereby tendered 
to the county board of Peoria county for their courtesy in permitting us to 
use a portion of their quota of insane at the hospital at Jacksonville. 
; July, 1890. Mr. Robson reported that the contractor was making reasonable 
progress in the work of constructing the annex to the almshouse. . , . ., , .. 

September, 1890. Clerk's statement: 

There will yet be expended on the annex to the almshouse about $17,000. 
If the board is to pursue the same policy in paying for the annex to the almshouse 
that was adopted in paying for the courthouse, it would seem that a levy of 
$52,000 would pay for the building and run the county until tax collections are 
made in the winter of 1892. Some arrangement, however, should be made for the 
payment of county orders this fall, as the estimates on the building soon to be 
made will speedily consume what funds are now on hand. | ; , 

January, 1891. Wm. Robson, chairman of the building committee, read 
the following report, and at his request the consideration of the same was made 
a special order for ii o'clock A. M. tomorrow. 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors, ':':'. ; ; V A.>i; -^''^v; . vA, .] ;' 

Your committee on building had hoped that they could have reported the 
completion of the annex to the almshouse at the present meeting. This cannot 
be done. The contractor says he will finish the building within three weeks. 
It seems to your committee that the work can be done in that time. We would 
report the amounts paid to the contractor, Mr. Munson, on the following dates, 
also the amount of the contract price, and the amount unpaid on said contract 
and the amount your committee would recommend be allowed said contractor 
Munson for work done not included in contract: 

Amount of contract $26,459.00 

1st estimate. May 14, 1890 $ 1,435.44 

2nd estimate, June 19, 1890 2,935.60 

3rd estimate, July i6, 1890 2,739.36 

4th estimate, August i8, 1890 1,589.52 

5th estimate, September 5, 1890 4,745.82 

6th estimate, October i6, 1890 1,228.48 

7th estimate, November 26, 1890 2,530.64 



Total ............................................ $17,204.86 

Balance unpaid on contract ...................................... $9,554.14 

Amount estimated for work not in contract, $379.48, itemized as follows : 
Excavating extra depth in foundation ............................... $ 23.50 

22,510 brick in foundation and partitions at $10.50 per M .............. 236.35 

1 1 yards plastering at 3Oc .......................................... 3-3O 

Mason work, cutting stone door sills .............................. 2.80 

2,044^ ft. channel iron at 4C per ft ................................. 81.78 

O. C. Housel, extra on wood work, paid by Munson .................... 31.75 



The hour having arrived for the consideration of the report of the building 



;K -i; X .r ^^^ OF KNOX COUNTY ; ' ' 215 

committee, Mr. Robson, chairman of said committee, made explanation of the 
:., extra expense incurred by the contractor in making substantial foundation and 
: other necessary changes not in contract. Thereupon Mr. Nels Nelson moved that 
, said committee be authorized to make final settlement with the contractor when 
/ the building is completed, and to accept the same. Carried. 
:. Mr. Rebstock moved thatithe almshouse committee be authorized to procure 

the necessary furniture and furnishings required for the annex. Carried. 

: . April, 1891. Mr. Robson read the following report of the building committee : 
_. To the Honorable Board of Supervisors. 7 . :^- 

- Your committee on building would respectfully report that the annex to 
', the almshouse is ready for occupancy and that there has been paid for Mr. I. C. 

Coleman, architect, $324.50, the balance due him on the completion of the 

; building, and that there has been paid to Mr. Munson, contractor, the sum of 

$26,704.86, leaving unpaid the sum of $133.62, to be paid when he has finished 

; all work according to contract. The weather having been such that he has 

not been able to finish grading, etc. 

All of which is respectfully subniitted. >-^! >' ''''''''^"'''''''^'i^-,'-.: 

''.' ^'>. :-. -^ ^''-'. ;''//.'-.":-' ''^'''- : ^'''-^^.yJ.JYS-^.r^'^'--'/'.'^ WM. ROBSON, '":'-;- 

:', -': .;:; '^ \, ;^;^- ;/..;''._.' 'V^ ''-.':- '"'V- ^'l.'.-:. '''''' ^-'-:- J- S. SiMPSON, _.- v^'^' 
:'''"?'; ' ':;.'-'. :\..':'.. ;\-' ;-'"^--V. /.:/.-//.;, :".-;:' ':'[''i''''-" H. M. SissoN, \' 

;;;' '"-^^-r. ,':'' . ' ''--^ ^,V''/ -:^^^- . "/'^:^,j^'v:^"; :;''"'''''' W. A. BOYDSTUN, '' 
;v'-' '^'''^-'- -''' '/"':";: A.' ^"- '-'^ .-A 'v; ;.':-:;;';.-;;. JAMES REBSTOCK. 

March Meeting, 1896. Mr. Robson of the almshouse committee read the fol- 
'; lowing and moved that the same be adopted as the rules of the almshouse. 

Carried. 

'.' ; :'. '-.-'^y .-;- ;^^:'--v. ;,;. 

> '- RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR THE ALMSHOUSE ;^^ ^/' ^^ 

: , KNOXVILLE, ILLINOIS, January i, 1894. 

; 1. The superintendent shall have complete control over the inmates, but 
this privilege must be exercised in a humane and consistent manner, resorting 
to restraint only when necessary to establish and keep a prevailing good order. 

^ 2. All patients to be carefully examined on admission, and all moneys 
and effects of value found in their possession, to be taken by the superintendent 
and referred to the almshouse committee, who shall direct what disposition 
shall be made of them. When patients conclude to leave the premises, their 
persons, packages, trunks, etc., may be searched by the superintendent. 

3. All letters to and from the inmates of the institution to pass through 
the superintendent's hands and if thought necessary, to be examined and treated 

with reference to keeping good order in family. 

' 4. Patients, under no circumstances, to leave the premises on a visit to 

' KnWville or elsewhere, without j>ermission. . .. 

5. Patients are forbidden to abuse each other, and whoever wilfully does 
. so will thereby become a proper subject for the superintendent's interference. 

6. Inmates coming to the premises in an intoxicated condition, will be con- 
sidered vagrants, and may be immediately discharged from the house. 

;, 7. Patients who are able shall, when called upon, assist to wait upon the 
' sick, and thus render themselves as useful as possible. And if able shall help 
upon the farm, when needed. 



216 - HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



8. Patients must not wilfully waste or destroy anything about the premises, 
but rather aid in caring for all material used here. 

9. All clothing and other effects belonging to patients in the house, which 
are not appropriated for funeral purposes, shall be kept and used by surviving 
patients. :'-; . . ':.: .'.'^:'' -^^- ''. '^/,- :-/:-'^--:^-':!\'\ '''^^ 

10. Visitors are requested to refrain from talking with insane patients, 
except relatives; but under no consideration to commit themselves to promises 
of future favor. 

11. It shall be the duty of the physician to carefully scrutinize patients who 
come under his care; and administer medicines to each as may seem to him 
best adapted to their needs, and he may consistently prescribe exercises for them 
for the promotion of their health. 

, - WM. RoBSON, 

,^' . : 'o ' - J- S. SIMPSON, 

. v^:^ .. ; ^- R. A. LOWER, 

, V ' K. R. MARKS, 

/" , ' .. . . : F.T.ALBERT, 

- ' Committee. 

April Meeting, 1898. Mr. Simpson of the almshouse committee read the 
following report in relation to the matter of the care of the insane at the 
almshouse: 
Mr, Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: ! 

Your committee on almshouse and paupers have at different times during 
the past year called your attention to the crowded condition of the insane de- 
partment at the almshouse, showing that while it was constructed to care 
for 40 patients, we have, during the greater part of the year, been caring 
for from 65 to 67. As to whether insanity is on the increase among us 
we must leave to those who are able to make that careful and discriminating 
investigation necessary to determine. 

The state has from time to time built new asylums and has frequently in- 
creased their capacity by adding new buildings, but has never yet succeeded 
in keeping up to the demand from increased applicants for admission, not- 
withstanding the growing sentiment that the state should take care of all 
insane, those who are a public charge, as well as those who are not. In January, 
1890, when it became necessary to build the present annex, the number of Knox 
county's insane was 79, and were cared for as follows: At Jacksonville, 46; 
at Kankakee, ii; at almshouse, i8; at jail, 4; we find that at the present time 
the number of Knox county's insane in public institutions are as follows: At 
Jacksonville, 56; at Kankakee, 3; at almshouse, 64; making 123 in all. Your 
committee had hoped, on completion of the new Western hospital for insane, 
that in the apportionment to be made in connection therewith we would be 
allowed such increased ratio as would afford us such relief as would enable us, 
with our present buildings, to care for what we might have until such time 
as the asylum for the incurable insane at Peoria might be completed. The 
district for the western hospital has been made, the quota for each county 
assigned, and the same approved by the governor, and we find that we are 
allowed accommodation for 9 more patients, i. e., 62 in place of 53, and we 



;; ^V^ : VV : F HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY '- t- 217 

have been notified that on the removal of our patients from Jacksonville to~-' - 
Rock Island that the 3 at Kankakee must also be removed. 

There is but little prospect for the completion of the asylum for the in- - 
curable insane in less than from 2 to 3 years and we can expect to have but 
little relief from it when completed. This will leave 64 patients for Knox , 
county to care for after we obtain the relief afforded by the completion of 
the Western hospital, which will be some time next month. 

The present building for insane, known as the annex to the Knox county 
almshouse, is occupied by both males and females, the males occupying the 
basement and first floors; the females occupying the second floor; 14 of the - 
latter have to be furnished with sleeping room on this floor in the west wing 
of the men's department of the almshouse proper. In the men's department 
there is one room with lo beds in it, another with 4, and another with 3. This 
is not recognized as the proper way to room this class of patients, unless a '-'' > 
watchman is within hearing distance all the time at night. ; ' 

Your committee believes that no time should be lost in making some ad- . 
ditional provision for the care of this unfortunate class of people in our 
county. That an addition as nearly fireproof in construction as practicable be 
built on the east side of the present building and connected therewith by 
corridors, to be used in caring for the insane women committed to the county's 
care, and would recommend that a committee be authorized to settle on plans 
substantially conforming to those shown to the board by your committee; that ^ ^ 
they be authorized to employ an architect to make complete working plans 
and prepare proper specifications; to advertise for building contracts; to let 
contracts, and to proceed with the building as rapidly as it can profitably be 
done. The cost of said building not to exceed $ ............. ; ^ 

; All of which is respectfully submitted. c;; ..';/,.-'... J;-;.^^-.'' ^;: '^- :.'- 



''"''"'.;.,>': "'/-' \ '''\ ^- ^''-'V.'}'-.^ .''''':/*---^'::'-V--:'-;'^;'.'' J. S. SiMPSON, ^.t;. ^^^ ',;.:;,' 

.;. :'../'': :'-'. .'.^.-'jv/- ".::'" ^''y-'-^-r^' ':''.: K. R. MARKS, :-:-:::(:l:.f'- i'."'- 
^>^ :"'''': ,\-... :''',':''-:'., -'^/- ' '../'V-'-^^-^:-'-'-^- F. T. ALBERT, ..V-'-^'-.;, > ' 
.' '' :'^ '''':- '-'^- ''.' ^f .'' '' -^ -'; >^'">l:^ .':'.' HUGH SLOAN, '-\v:v.\ 

Committee. _ 

On motion of Mr. Hubbell the foregoing report was adopted and its recom- :: 
mendations concurred in. ..: 

On motion of Mr. Rebstock the chairman was authorized and directed to I- 
appoint a committee of five (one of whom shall be the chairman of the board) -.-.'. 
to carry out the recommendations contained in the foregoing report. ' . 

July Meeting, 1898. Mr. Simpson, from the building committee, read the . .y 
following report: .-': v. ' ;' \;^' 

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: ,; r ::r ; ;v! \ -..- ; 

The committee provided for at the last meeting to act as a building com- 
mittee in the construction of a new building at the almshouse for the use of insane 
would respectfully report, that they met on April 23 and consulted several 
architects of the city of Galesburg, and arranged with each of them to submit , 
plans best suited for the purpose for which the proposed annex was to be 
built. April 28 your committee met for the purpose of examining the plan.^ ' 
offered by the different architects and after careful examination selected those 



218 ; HISTORY OF KN OX COUNTY A"; ;: 

prepared by Messrs. Gotschalk & Beadle, as best suited for the proposed annex 
and entered into an agreement with said Gotschalk & Beadle to make all draw- 
ings, details, working plans and specifications, assist in letting contract, act as 
supervising architect when called upon by the building committee during the 
construction of said building for the sum of $150, and if the committee desire 
the further services of an architect in preparing plans for a laundry building, 
said Gotschalk & Beadle agree to furnish said plans and specifications without 
further expense to the county. After said plans and specifications had been 
prepared and approved your committee advertised for bids for the construc- 
tion of the annex in accordance with said plans and specifications. Said bids 
were opened June 6, 1898, as follows: . . ... 

P. T. Olson .^..?^...;:..:r $20,773 

Munson & Tingleaf 19,60x3 

Peter McL. Davidson 23,200 

O. C. Housel 24,773 

Sweeny & Ream 20,900 

(The above bids were exclusive of the heating.) 

Munson and Tingleaf being the lowest bidders were awarded the contract 
at their bid of 19,600 dollars. .- . v i I ;^ , 

Your committee entered into contract with said parties for construction oi 
said annex, they filing a bond in the sum of $5,000 for the faithful completion 
of said building, said contract and bond being on file with the clerk of the 
board. \^ - '' ^.'.'^. '>-'_;:' ' .'. '/'.;. ""/-^ I'- '.-.''''. .' 

As soon as the work of construction commenced your committee employed 
Mr. A. C. Phillipson, of Galesburg, as superintendent of material and con- 
struction at a salary of $2.00 per day. 

Your committee met at the almshouse on July 8th and after insf>ecting the 
work done and material on hand made their first estimate of cost of work done 
and material on the grounds. . . . , . t . . 

Amounting to $1,613.50 ^ . 

. : Less 15 per cent 242.02 

Leaving amount due on their first estimate of 1,371.48 

For which amount they would ask that the clerk be directed to issue an 
order in payment thereof. 

And would ask that the clerk be instructed to issue orders once each month 
in payment of estimate made by your committee in accordance with the con- 
tract made with Messrs. Munson & Tingleaf. . //-T '>';..>:'-' 
All of which is respectfully submitted. . , 

J. S. SIMPSON, 

: .:,:.;. -. WM. ROBSON, 

' . ':'^-'.. . - ^ '' ' ' ' :'. ,/:'.;''/'.>'' J. L. BURKH ALTER, -::V_, 
, ;'^-v . ', . '>' J- R- YOUNG, .: I ;'::' 

:. ;. , . ; : : -. JAMES REBSTOCK, 

' ' Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Becker, the foregoing report was adopted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. ^ . V ; > -.x vi;;^-^ 
September Meeting, 1898. Mr. Burkhalter, of the building committee, read 
the following report: 



':' V ;-'';: ^ .; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ? ^;^- \ 219 

Mr, Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee on the building of the new annex to the Knox county alms- 
house would respectfully report that the construction of the building is progress- 
ing at about the rate such buildings usually do. Some delay was caused waiting 
tor iron when the building was ready for the beams for the first floor, and 
when your committee was in session at the almshouse on the Qth inst. word 
was received from the yards furnishing the brick for the outside of the walls 
that they could not furnish any more of the brick contracted for till a new 
kiln could be made. This of course must cause additional delay, in all other 
respects the work is progressing very satisfactorily to your committee. 

Your committee met at the almshouse on August Qth and made their second 
estimate of work done and material furnished and on the grounds and found 
the amount due the contractors at that time to be $1863.24. 
' They also met on September gth and made their third monthly estimate and 
found the amount due the contractors at that time to be $1551.80, and re- 
quested the clerk to issue orders in payment of these amounts as authorized to 
do at the July meeting of the board. At the last meeting of the board your 
committee reported that we had employed Mr. A. C. Phillipson as superintend- 
ent of construction but we neglected to ask that provision be made for payment 
for his services. 

At the meeting of your committee on August Qth and September pth, we 
gave him an order on the clerk for the amount due him, and the clerk having 
honored the same we would ask your approval of our action and would ask that 
the clerk be authorized to issue orders in payment for his services as super- 
intendent of construction once per month on the order of the committee. 

Your committee would further report that the steam heating in the old 
building which was constructed on what is known as the two pipe system has 
not worked well for some time and should be improved, and knowing that it 
was necessary to run new mains from the present boiler room to the new building 
believed it would be economy for the county to have it changed to what is 
now used and known as the "one pipe system," requested bids for the plumbing 
and heating in new building, also for changing the piping in old building to 
that system. Said bids were opened at the almshouse August Qth, 1898, as 

follows: ;:=.;.: 

Allen Myers & Co., of Rock Island, for heating new building and 

changing old building $3,020.00 

Nailon Bros., Peoria, same 3.000.00 

O'Connor Bros., Peoria, plumbing new building 2,100.00 

Galesburg Plumbing & Heating Co., plumbing and heating in new build- 
ing using 2OOO feet of radiation therein and changing old building. . . 4,730.00 
C. S. Telford, plumbing and heating in new building as per plans and 
specifications so as to furnish 70 degrees inside when 20 degrees out- 
side, and changing old building 4,827.75 

The slight difference between the last two bids caused the sub-committee 
investigating the matter, considerable anxiety as to which of the bids was 
really the lowest. A call on the different firms showed that while one was 
figuring for 2000 feet of radiation, the other was figuring for 2312. Owing to 
the fact that nearly all the radiation in the new building must be in the halls 



220 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' r^ - ' 1: 

-.. -/.'-.p. :..^ :.,;./. 

or corridors, it is evident that something in excess of the usual amount must 
be used; considerable more than if the radiators could be placed in the rooms. 
The best information we could find from parties not interested in either firm, 
assured us that in view of the indirect way of heating, and the amount of 
windows it was even doubtful if 2312 feet was enough, certainly not any more 
than was required. Your committee therefore believing Mr. Telford to be the 
lowest bidder have awarded him the work, and entered into a contract with him 
for the faithful performance thereof. The contract and bond being placed 
on file with the county clerk. ..'.^ ^ v . 

. All of which is respectfully submitted. . -^ ^.:1 , 

,,. . . ' - J- S. SIMPSON, 

.. (i'\,'.:^-:[: ' ['' ''>..' ' . .'' ^^;:\'.v':. WM. ROBSON, '''''-..' 

,. j ,\ J. L. BURKHALTER, 7 

- .>-;;.' ' -' JAMES REBSTOCK, -v . 

;';. . V- - ' . ; J- E. YOUNG, ; . 

Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Marks, the foregoing report was adopted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. . ':'':'''-.':". -- I '; 

December Meeting, 1898. Mr. Burkhalter of the building committee, read 
the following report : , . .; . 

Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee on the construction of the new annex to the Knox county 
almshouse, would respectfully report that the construction of the building is 
making some progress but on account of the inclement and cold weather, and 
the many difficulties encountered in obtaining suitable brick and other material, 
specified under the contract, the progress has not been as speedy as your com- 
mittee has hoped for or expected, but with fair weather the conditions are such 
now that we may reasonably hope for more speedy progress towards completion 
of the annex. 

On November 29th, 1898, your committee met at the almshouse and made 
their 5th monthly estimate of materials furnished and work done on the annex, 
which showed an aggregate of $10,406.99 expended on the building, from which 
amount your committee have deducted 15 per cent, (as provided for under the 
contract), viz., $1,561.05, leaving due and payable to the contractors $8,845.94, 
which amount has under the direction of your committee been paid to the con- 
tractors Munson & Tingleaf by county clerk's orders. . :l :: . -- 

On September 27th, 1898, your committee met at the almshouse to receive 
and open proposals for the erection of a laundry building at the almshouse as 
provided for at the July meeting of the board, at which meeting three bids were 
received, from F. W. Hawk, D. H. Fink and P. O. Munson, varying materially 
in amounts or figures. F. W. Hawk being the lowest bidder was awarded the 
contract for the erection and completion of the laundry building for the sum 
of $1,600.00 to be paid for on the completion of the building provided the weather 
and other conditions were such that the building be finished by December loth. 
1898. But if, after a proper effort on the part of contractor, the building could 
not be finished by that date, a payment should be made equal to 75 per cent, of 
the amount of work done and material furnished on the ground. The first es- 
timate was made December 9th, 1898, and shows the amount of labor and material 



^>^f 'V/: :^->i: /4 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY \ ;^\ 221 

furnished and on the ground to be $1,114.26, of which your committee retain as 
provided under the contract, 25 per cent. ($278.56), leaving amount due and 
payable to the contractor $835.70, for which amount we recommend that county 
clerk's order be issued to F. W. Hawk for the use of A. M. Parmenter and 
E. L. Lacey in payment of the first estimate. 

In the matter of the bill of the Frost Manufacturing Co. for new boiler and 

'tank for the laundry building, $321.00, we find the same correct and recommend 
that a county order be issued for the amount. 

In the matter of the bill of Gottschalk & Beadle, architects, for one-half of 

.; the contract price for services as architects for the construction of the new 
annex and the laundry building at the almshouse, your committee would recom- 
m.end that a county order be issued to Gottschalk & Beadle for $75.00. . : .. 

: All of which is respectfully submitted. , ... . .. - VC ' 

.; ."'r..;v. ''..'; J- S. SIMPSON, '" ' -.^ v ., ; : 

-.-:-'.;::/''..: ;--';: ' ' -V ''';./. v :.%-V '.''''..'-'. ''v','. ...;^-'' J. L. BuRKHALTER, ' ;'.^' ' 

'\ / ':' ^.'\ - -. ' ^ .- v' ."''' ",':'--.'.- V;.'. :^ "'>'' WM. RoBsoN, -:;;''':;.' ' 
'.':;:;;;,''. :;;... /',:^ :./.; .^;: ,;^ ;.':';' :'VV^.^:v|,V/:.'-:;;J. R. YOUNG, '';';,;.:' 
:'',...', '.' \ '; - ; ' ' : ./^";^; .''''. '/ "'^^ ^:,''-'.'-^ ''''.'' JAMES REBSTOCK, -'- 

''' '' ' ' '"' Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Becker, the foregoing report was adopted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. - v.;",:,^^ ~ . . ; / ^,.'::' 
April Meeting, 1899. Mr. Simpson of the building committee read the 
following report in relation to the building of the annex to the almshouse. 
'Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supervisors: 
i Your building committee would respectfully report that they had hoped that 
they might have been able to report that the new annex to the almshouse was 
' completed or nearly so, but owing to the length of time it has taken the plaster- 
> ing to dry, the work of finishing has been greatly delayed. With favorable 
weather we think it can be completed some time in the coming month. .:;' . 
During the process of construction your committee thought it best to sub- 
' stitute hollow tile for floor and ceilings and mackolite for partitions in place of 
expanded metal, which had been contracted for. For making this exchange 
: the contractor agreed to deduct the sum of $200.00. We would submit the 
'" following statement of amounts paid the contractors to the present time, also 
^ the contract price: .... . .. . . ..:;.. : - ..-..- 

Amount of contract $19,600.00 

Deduction for exchange from expanded metal to hollow tile and macko- 

;> lite fire proofing 200.00 



-;';/>:>/' ^^-'''^':-''';^i-.- ;;;-':-;^<'v\-.'; $I9,4OO.OO 

.: 1st. estimate July 7 .!..'...,.....'.....'.....'..... .V. .$1,371.48 

2d. estimate Aug. 7 1,863.24 ;-:.' : ' 

'; 3rd. estimate September 9 1,551.80 ; : ' . 

: : 4th estimate October 14 2,175.42 ,-\' v 

t 5th estimate November 29 1,884.00 ;: , :.''.. 

6th estimate January 26 4,076.91 ;; . ', 

: 7th estimate March 30 2,329.94 . ' v S. 

; Balance due on contract $ 4,147.21 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



The following amounts we would recommend be allowed the contractors for 
extra work done, not called for in the contract, but thought to be necessary 
by your committee. 

Door and entrance to basement $30.00 

Extra support for guttering 18.00 

Moving partition and filling opening 6.25 

Door under stairway and labor 5.25 

Other extras, carpenter work, etc 12.00 



Total $71.50 

Making a balance that would be due the contractors at the completion of 

the building of $4,218.71 

' Your committee would also recommend that upon the satisfactory comple- 
tion of the building they be authorized to accept the same and make a final 
settlement with Messrs. Munson & Tingleaf, the contractors, and that upon 
the order of your committee the clerk be authorized to issue an order in pay- 
ment thereof. 

Your committee would further recommend that they be authorized to accept 
the new laundry building upon its completion, and make final settlement with 
F. W. Hawk, contractor, and that the clerk be authorized to issue an order in 
final payment of same on the order of the committee. 

Your committee would further report that the specifications for the plumbing 
for the new building provide for a hot water heater of 40 gallons capacity. 
Your committee believing this entirely too small, would recommend that they 
be authorized to arrange with the contractors for one from 175 to 200 gallons. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

' ' J. S. SIMPSON, I ..- 

. ; { ,,);/v . / ; J. L. BURKHALTER, ; J. 

' ;'O::'y,.- . . ,. ^ '../ .'^'v; J.R. YOUNG, --v^ 

;'V;'.''-V-^ . , ;^- ' . '.? :;' :,/.- jAMES REBSTOCK, '..;/;':-., 

''-,';.' '^'-^'-^ ' . : ' '' .- '.'':. J. F. LATIMER, " ' V '' 

;;;'-'-.'' ^ '' '. ^ '^''- '' ' .^- ': '. ''''' Committee. ^' 

.. On motion of Mr. Phelps, the foregoing report was adopted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in. 

December Meeting, 1900. Mr. Gault of the almshouse committee presented 
a statement in regard to the construction of a cement walk and the recommenda- 
tion in relation thereto was adopted. , . - '. : ' 1 ;; '; 

Your committee would also report that in accordance with the instructions 
of the board at its last meeting we have had completed a cement walk leaciing 
from the almshouse to the road at a cost of 17 cents a foot for 2394 feet, amount- 
ing to $406.98 with the contractors' written guarantee attached to their bill read- 
ing as follows : "We guarantee this cement walk for the period of 5 years from 
date, should any defects show up during this period of time which are caused 
by the action of frost or the elements, or from defective material or workman- 
ship, we agree to replace such walk at our expense." Signed Terry & Lewis, 

Oct. i8th, 1900. -' ^"; '^' ' ^-' ^'''^' ':'''- '" -'-'W'-x-'^-''^;';':'---!-''" '' ' 

: We recommend the payment of the bill. ' -i x- . 

Terry & Lewis, 2394 feet cement walk at I7c per foot .$406.98 



/: 5 -; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :;^ ' 

And the almshouse committee also presented the following recommendation 
in regard to water supply, which was adopted: 

Whereas, The present water supply at the almshouse is insufficient for the 
ordinary use of the almshouse, and is totally inadequate for fire protection. 
Therefore, we would ask that we be authorized to arrange for sufficient supply 
of water, either by digging new well or by contract with the city of Knoxville, 
as upon further investigation seems to us best. . .. >: ^ ^. -."T ."^-f: 

All of which is respectfully submitted. ' , ' . 

;.;: ._ .^..^ .,,,.. .. .. ..,:...x:tfc'' o. L. FAY, "''-/;;,:; 

; ;' '- ' l;;.'"^- v';- ' : '. /',':. :;--;:-v'->-.. ::''"';'>'-. .- / ' "'';',:-^ "./''.. F. T. ALBERT, ':"'"'''', 

./'-''':> :v'-' ^^''^^:^^ :''' ''-' -^-v .. . ^' ,'.-. S^<^/'.-Cr -'^^ -'; L B. GAULT, :'.:. -/^.-/-f^ 

^'''': '':'-.- ''^^ .-/ i-vP''::'^^^:/ '''''<::'''''' ^'--^'-'-'v-^'-v GEO. W, GALE, ';;'-?; 

':','": /: ^,. .:-'' :;./'-:/V^"" ^':''^'\-;'^^ ;' '^-'^ S. McWiLLIAMS, ;'. . 

-''- ' . ' .:.-. :- .. . : Committee. " 

"-'- September Meeting, 1901. Mr. Gale of the same committee read a special 
report in relation to the extension of water mains to the almshouse and on his 
motion the same was adopted and its recommendations concurred in. , , . 
Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Board of Supcn'isors: 

Your committee who were directed to secure from the city of Knoxville, if 
possible, connection with the city water service so as to aflFord better fire pro- 
tection, and water service for the almshouse would report, that they have made 
with the city of Knoxville, the contract herewith presented, to-wit: 

It is hereby agreed by and between the county of Knox, represented by the 
almshouse committee of the board of supervisors of Knox county and state of 
Illinois, and the city of Knoxville, a municipal corporation situated in said county 
and state that the city will extend its present water system so as to give water 
service to the almshouse in said city of Knoxville: That the city will at once 
lay a four (4) inch main pipe of standard weight from the end of their present 
system in front of St. Mary's school in said city to the northwest corner of 
Douglas and Market streets, there to connect with a pipe to be laid by the county, 
extending from that point to the almshouse and grounds and connecting with 
such hydrants in and about the premises as the said committee shall direct and 
provide. After the completion of such work the city of Knoxville will at all 
times furnish all water desired by said county for fire protection, house use and 
other purposes, the same as furnished other water customers and citizens of 
Knoxville. 

For such service the county shall pay to the city quarterly a meter rate for 
the water used at the rate of two (2) cents per lOO gallons for an amount be- 
tween looo and 3000 gallons per day, and one and three- fourths (i^) cents 
per loo gallons for an amount equal to 3000 gallons per day or more. 

The county is to furnish a four inch meter and all connections and place same 
at a suitable place on the line of pipe and all work done on this line shall be under 
the supervision of the superintendent of water works of the said city. . 

rv Dated this iQth day of July, A. D. 1901. . ,\;V > : -,;;v-.v 

;' (Seal) . . , . ., .- CITY OF KNOXVILLE, '. 

. ;'- \ : ' ^ By Jesse Pickrel, Mayor. :':.' 

. (Seal) ; ; ::^;: / ^- KNOX COUNTY ALMSHOUSE COMMITTEE, v 

i^:^ ^^,^''' J:. ''' ';-:-'\'-\''-^--'' ''^l' :\:'^^^^^^ By. O. L. Fay, Chairman. 



224 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Also that to carry out this agreement they had plans and specifications for 
the proposed work made by John McAuley, the city engineer of Galesburg, and 
advertised for bids for the performance of the work according to such plans. 

That upon opening the bids B. O. Krotter was found to be the lowest bidder, 
and contract entered into with him for such work for the sum of $1,639.30. A 
copy of said contract together with the bond for its faithful performance and 
the plans of the proposed work are now on file in the office of the county clerk. 

Your committee would also ask that upon the proper certificate of the alms- 
house committee the county clerk be directed to issue county orders in payment 
of such amounts as may be found due for work done, according to the terms 
of such contract. , .-.= -v 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

; O. L. FAY, 

.'.'_:- '';''^' '' '''''-'''' ''. ' F.T.ALBERT, ''';.'.'.''/.; 

..-.'/r^'H-''"-. . .. , :' '; -, ^: ' \ I. B. GAULT, 'I ;';-; ':' '^ ' 

- ' V : GEO. W. GALE, :;; 

r '. . , ;. , / '-: S. McWiLLIAMS, ! 

' Committee. 

December Meeting, 1901. The following mentioned is contained in the 
report of the almshouse and poor-farm committee presented by Mr. Gale 
at the December meeting 1901 : 

Your committee would also report that the pipe has been laid and connec- 
tions made with the water works of the city of Knoxville so that the almshouse 
is now provided with the water service and fire protection we were directed 
to secure. 

March Meeting, 1903. The following communication was read and re- 
ferred to the almshouse committee: 

. .".' GiLSON, ILL., March 14, 1903. 

To the Board of Supervisors: ., .- ; j . . 

YOUR HONORABLE BODY. Upon receiving information that you were wanting 
to purchase more land for the benefit and use of the Knox county almshouse, I 
take pleasure in announcing that the estate of Amos B. Palmer, deceased, is 
for sale, lying north and west of county farm containing 133^ acres, more or 
less; 80 acres of which is under cultivation, balance consisting of two pastures, 
one at the north and one at the south of said 133^ acres, with an abundance 
of wafer in both, and a never failing well at the house, a good young orchard 
and other fruit also a good house of 8 rooms, good barn, cribs and sheds, a 
good new windmill and tank. We can give you immediate possession. Price 
$11,000. Terms one half cash, balance on two years time, for first mortgage, 
with interest at the rate of 5^ per cent per annum if desired. 

I further state that said estate is free from all incumbrance and can give 
a clear title. .-. : .'' :. .-. ;.;'' -. - .-'-. '.';''-'-v-';"/^.'..v>.-;' .. ) . -;' ;-';r,i: 

Any information desired will be promptly attended to. 

Hoping this may meet your approval, I remain yours very sincerely, await- 
ing an early reply. 

! : >. ORLO S. PALMER, /- : 

: , . Executor, Gilson, III. 

The following is contained in a report of the almshouse committee made by 
Mr. Butt at the March meeting 1903: . 






r 

I 

o 

3 



I 



= .i 

1. ~ 



I i 

" 5 

1 
n 

I 

5' 

1^ 




en 




224 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 

Also that to carry out this agreement they had plans and specifications for 
the proposed work made by John McAuley, the city engineer of Galesburg, and 
advertised for bids for the performance of the work according to such plans. 

That upon opening the bids B. O. Krotter was found to be the lowest bidder, 
and contract entered into with him for such work for the sum of $1,639.30. A 
copy of said contract together with the bond for its faithful performance and 
the plans of the proposed work are now on file in the oflfice of the county clerk. 
Your committee would also ask that upon the proper certificate of the alms- 
house committee the county clerk be directed to issue county orders in payment 
of such amounts as may be found due for work done, according to the terms 
of such contract. :, - 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

O. L. FAY, 
; ' F. T. ALBERT, 

. I. B. GAULT, / V 

GEO. W. GALE, 

... . . - S. McWiLLIAMS, 

Committee. 

December Meeting, 1901. The following mentioned is contained in the 
report of the almshouse and poor-farm committee presented by Mr. Gale 
at the December meeting 1901 : 

Your committee would also report that the pipe has been laid and connec- 
tions made with the water works of the city of Knoxville so that the almshouse 
is now provided with the water service and fire protection we were directed 
to secure. 

March Meeting, 1903. The following communication was read and re- 
ferred to the almshouse committee: 

. . GiLSON, ILL., March 14, 1903. 

To the Board of Supcrrisors: .. - . j 

YOUR HoxoRAiJLE BODY. Upon receiving information that you were wanting 
to purchase more land for the benefit and use of the Knox county almshouse, I 
take pleasure in announcing that the estate of Amos B. Palmer, deceased, is 
for sale, lying north and west of county farm containing 133^^ acres, more or 
less ; 80 acres of which is under cultivation, balance consisting of two pastures, 
one at the north and one at the south of said 133^^ acres, with an abundance 
of water in both, and a never failing well at the house, a good young orchard 
and other fruit also a good house of 8 rooms, good barn, cribs and sheds, a 
good new windmill and tank. We can give you immediate possession. Price 
$11, coo. Terms one half cash, balance on two years time, for first mortgage, 
with interest at the rate of 5^' per cent per annum if desired. 

I further state that said estate is free from all incumbrance and can give 
a clear title. . . V: '\'. ' t 

Any information desired will be promptly attended to. 

Hoping this may meet your approval, I remain yours very sincerely, await- 
ing an early reply. 

ORLO S. PALMER, 
E.vecutor, Gilson, III. 

The following is contained in a report of the almshouse committee made by 
Mr. Butt at the March meeting 1903: 






I 

' 



2. X 




vy/i. ;^.-: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : 225 

, ' -'X ' ' ', 

In regard to a communication from Orlo S. Palmer, administrator of the 
estate of Amos B. Palmer offering the Palmer farm of I33>i acres to the 
county for the sum of $11,000.00, we would respectfully refer to the open 
board for your consideration. 

The proposition of Orlo S. Palmer for the sale of land to Knox county re- 
ferred to the almshouse committee and referred back to the open board, was, 
on motion of Mr. Gale, not accepted. 

September Meeting, 1904. Mr. Gale offered the following resolution, which 
was, on his motion, made a special order of business for Thursday at ii a. m. 

Resolved, That the almshouse committee be directed to prepare the south 
rooms on the lower floor of the west wing of the almshouse for use as a ward 
for contagious diseases and arrange for the care of all patients brought there 
suffering from such diseases. 

V- And, that after said committee shall have so arranged and shall notify 
the several supervisors and poor masters of the county that they are prepared 
to care for such cases; all persons suffering from contagious diseases who shall 
become county charges shall, whenever possible, be by the several supervisors 
and poor masters removed to the almshouse for care, and that in such cases 
the county will not be responsible or pay any bills for aid rendered outside 
of the almshouse, except the expense of removal to the almshouse, and care of 
patients before such removal can be made. 

Thursday Morning. The hour having arrived for the special order of busi- 
ness relating to resolution of Mr. Gale, of the almshouse committee offered 
on Tuesday, Mr. Gale moved the adoption of said resolution whereupon a roll 
was demanded, which resulted as follows: 

Ayes McWilliams, Latimer, Gale, Sisson, Geer, Swanson, Burkhalter, 
George, Junk, Butt, Young, Farwell, Oberholtzer, Cardiff, 14. 

Nays Cowan, Epperson, Clark, Robson, Fredericks, Woods, McDowell, 
Sawyer, Sloan, Elliott, lo. ... ,: -. - - ,- .. - . . . . :. , -; 

Motion carried. 

December, 1904. TJie hour having arrived for action on the motion of Mr. 
Butt of yesterday, which was set for a special order of business for 2 p. m. 
today, in the matter of rescinding the action of the board at the September meet- 
ing in relation to providing certain rooms in the almshouse for the care of 
patients having contagious diseases, the same was, on motion of Mr. Cowan, laid 
on the table. .':'..-.,..'/'-.' ^^-"^'j.'-":,- . ^''-^' ' -^ ^r ;-?. --V. ... 

- V December Meeting, 1906. Mr. McWilliams of the almshouse committee read 
the following special report : 

The committee which were appointed to meet with the city of Galesburg in 
regard to a pest-house will report that they find that Knox county has paid on 
smallpox cases for doctor bills, nurses and groceries, approximately the sum of 
$3,805.66 for the six years ending September, 1906. 

And the committee would recommend that the chair appoint a committee of 
three to meet with a like committee of aldermen of the city of Galesburg to fur- 
ther investigate the advisability of building an isolated hospital for contagious 
diseases and report to the board at the March meeting before entering into any 
contract whatsoever. S. McWiLLiAMS. 

Mr. McWilliams moved the adoption of the foregoing report, which was 
seconded. ' 

TM.S-U .'-...;';.-;':-.- ^:.--. > .- -^.:-.- 



226 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' :>:-^^V ;,''-' 

' - _" . -^l'-: .;;/'!.-,-: '-;'.;. 

After some discussion, Mr. Gale moved as an amendment that the chair 
appoint a committee of three to act with a like number from the city council of 
the city of Galesburg to make temporary provision for the care of cases of con- 
tagious diseases now on hand and that may arise, which amendment was adopted. 

Whereupon the chair appointed as said committee of three, Supervisors 
McWilliams, Gale and Butt. Mr. Gale stated that he would be unable to serve 
on said committee, whereupon the chair substituted Supervisor Farwell in his 
stead. 

March Meeting, 1907. Mr. Butt of the special committee appointed at the 
December meeting of the board read the following report, and on motion of Mr. 
Davison the same was adopted : 

GALESBURG, 111., March 21, 1907. 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors. :..:.::'-' --vx'-'' I': C/f- '^ 

GENTLEMEN : Your committee of three, which was appointed at the Decem- 
ber meeting to meet with a like number from the city council of the city of Gales- 
burg, to make temporary provision for the care of cases of contagious diseases 
that were then on hand, and that might arise, would beg leave to make the follow- 
ing report: :,/:.' ' ';:. r ' -v's':'-^^^.v -';:.,--:..-.:"-.':->. ^ ''''''-': ::: IrlJ:'-^- '''' 

The committee representing the board of supervisors, with a like committee 
representing the city council, met on January pth, 1907. Present Dr. Maley 
S. McWilliams. Henry Hawkinson, O. J. Johnson and H. J. Butt, and Robert 
Farwell, together with Dr. Hall of the board of health, and H. J. Butt, secretary. 
The matter of a temporary pesthouse or detention hospital were fully discussed 
and recommendations were offered by the doctors present. The committee 
adjourned until afternoon, when a meeting was again held, and the representa- 
tives of the city council that had conferred with the city board of health, and 
had concluded that in as much as there was an emergency existing, a temporary 
pesthouse should at once be secured. Dr. Hall of the board of health reported 
that the board of health had rented the house owned by Mr. Gray on the corner of 
Academy and Main streets. 

- Upon motion. Dr. Maley, representing the city council, and H. J. Butt, repre- 
senting the board of supervisors, were appointed a committee to furnish the 
house as quickly as possible. The house was furnished as quickly and as cheaply 
as could possibly be done, and on the lOth day of January it was ready for 
occupancy. .:. --xC ' '' ' - . ; '; ^^^' '_r ; v- : v| : .-.;S - 

On the nth day of January, this committee and all the board of health and 
officers of the city of Galesburg were served with injunction to not further use 
the house rented by the board of health for a pesthouse. Dr. Hall reported that 
there was one case already in the house when the injunction was served. 
The injunction suit was finally tried and the temporary injunction was made 
permanent. 

Your committee Messrs. McWilliams, Farwell and Butt, met immediately 
after the injunction proceedings were finished, and concluded unanimously that 
so far as the county committee was concerned, they would take no further part 
in any further attempt to establish a temporary pesthouse in the city of Gales- 
burg. 

This committee would recommend to your honorable body that the county 
purchase a piece of land outside of the city limits of the city of Galesburg and 



' ::r;>.; ; ' - : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY.. . : '4 . 227 

build thereon a pesthouse at a cost of not to exceed $3,000.00 and report at April f- , 
meeting of board. . . . ... . , .:. . .; . : X 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 'V ;:; ^'' ' ';..-..-' .. 

'' . . . ' '. '-,:-.- .~-'--'".': ' .' 

: '^['''''- S. McWiLLIAMS, ' ;''>^': '";.'- 

-:;'' -.^.v'"- , "'''-'"''';'-;:.-:-'' 'i'-;'.-'^;:'i-;'X''.: ROBERT E. FARWELL, ./y- ^'^o;':- ^. 

'^: , -'..;.;: \. :;:',:; V ;;:::;:; ; >,; i^^/,. .;' ;;; ^;- \,>'t :'" ^'. H. J. BUTT, " ' ''r^/;'-' 

Committee. -";. 

September Meeting, 1907. Mr. McDowell offered a motion that the alms- - 
house committee be authorized to purchase additional land for the almshouse and 
poor- farm at a cost of not to exceed the amount of $5,000.00. .. . ; - - <C 

A roll call upon the adoption of said motion resulted as follows: ::; 

Ayes McWilliams, Latimer, Paden, Burkhalter, Geer, Larson, O'Neill, Bar- - 
low, Burgland, Davison, Deatherage, Jones, Butt, Spenny, Greig, Hoxworth, Reb- ; /. 
stock. Young, McDowell, Whiting, Sloan, Mcllravy, 22. ,;'.-.-;',. > ' 

Nays Farwell, Oberholtzer, 2. ' 

Thereupon the chair declared that as a two-thirds majority of all the mem- .^ '; 
bers of the county board had voted in the affirmative, the motion was carried. ; 

December Meeting, 1907. Mr. Whiting offered the following resolution,.-./. 
which on his motion was adopted: :~ ,, 

Resolved, That the county clerk be directed to issue orders at the rate of 
seventy-five dollars ($75.00) per month for the ensuing year payable to the order 
of the Knox County Kindergarten Association of Galesburg, Illinois, upon the 
same condition as to the care of children who are, or may become, county charges .. 
as are now required by the rules of this board. 7 , 

September Meeting, 1908. Mr. McWilliams of the almshouse committee 
presented the following report, which, on his motion, was made a special order 
of business for Thursday at 1 130 p. m. ^ '.-:' 

GALESBURG, 111., Sept. 8th, 1908. 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors, Knox County, Illinois. , 

GENTLEMEN: Your committee which were authorized by the motion of Su- 
pervisor Butt at the June meeting of this board to investigate the matter of light- 
ing the Knox county almshouse and buildings, beg leave to submit the following . 
report: /v : 

That your committee met at the court house in Galesburg on August 4th, ' ; -^ 
1908, and found that in order to get at the matter of investigation of a lighting >V. 
system for the above-named buildings that it was necessary to have a blueprint v; ' 
made of the same; whereupon your committee contracted with Architect J. Grant 
Beadle to make the same at a cost of $50.00, and upon the receipt of the same we 
proceeded to advertise for bids for the wiring for electricity and the piping for 
gas of the said buildings, as per specifications, and received the following bids ' 
for piping said buildings for gas : ; . :.v /v / v.:^ -;. . . : . ;:.:--^_.;; 



BID OF C. S. TELFORD COMPANY 



"We hereby offer and agree to do the gas fitting in the Knox county aims- 
house, in Knoxville, Illinois, furnishing all pipe, fittings and labor in accordance 
to the plans and specifications furnished by J. Grant Beadle, architect, for the 



228 ":: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ::;:;:- X.^ 

sum of five hundred and ten dollars ($510.00). This proposition does not include 
gas fixtures." 

And also received the following bid for wiring for electricity: .': - 

: - . BID OF THE KNOXVILLE ELECTRIC LIGHT AND POWER COMPANY 

"We the undersigned, will agree to furnish all material and labor for wiring 
the Knox county almshouse, and all of the outbuildings for electric lights as 
per your specifications, except the chandeliers, which were not specified what 
kind they should be, but will furnish all wire, sockets and labor for wiring and 
hanging such fixtures as you may choose, for the sum of $1,531.00. 

"We also agree to furnish one switch or feeder panel board to be blue Ver- 
mont marble, i^ inches thick, 30 by 48 inches, complete with all switches and 
fuse, for the additional sum of $130.00. ,;;-.. . | : 

"We, the undersigned, will agree to furnish electric current for lighting the 
Knox county almshouse at Knoxville at the following price : The first 250 kilo- 
watts consumed each month, lo cents per kilowatt; the second 250 kilowatts. 9 
cents per kilowatt. All above 500 kilowatts consumed each month, up to i,ooo 
kilowatts, 8 cents per kilowatt; all above i.ooo kilowatts consumed each month, 
7 cents per kilowatt; we to furnish all poles, wire and other material. Also 
all transformers, meters, and deliver the current on board in building, free of 
cost to you." ' .';;"''..' . '--. r-.- ..' -v -/.^ . .[ '^.''.-^. 

Your committee herewith also present the bids of the Arthur Frantzeen 
Company, McFell Electric Company and the Macomb Electric Construction Com- 
pany, which we recommend be filed. 

Your committee would respectfully recommend that the matter of lighting the 
almshouse and buildings be referred to the open board for final decision. |; > 

Bid for piping for gas , $ 5 lo.oo 

Bid for wiring for electricity 1,531.00 

Bid for switchboard 130.00 



Total cost as per bids $2,171.00 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

S. M. McWiLLIAMS, ' 

. >'i^; . J. O. BAIRD, ;' . 

' 'vi . . : JOHN C. GEER, > 7^ 

^'; . .' .X:','; ' "; '' \ .'-. ' . JOHN SPENNY, V;,\ 

: :-;^:. . ' R.E.DAVIDSON, 

. ..-:... _ Committee. 

The hour set for the special order of business relative to the matter of the 
piping and wiring of the Knox county almshouse at Knoxville, on motion, the 
report of the almshouse committee, presented to the board on Tuesday morning, 
was again read. 

After some discussion Mr. Barlow moved that the almshouse committee be 
instructed to investigate the different lighting systems, and they be authorized 
to install such a system of lighting at the almshouse as the committee deemed 
advisable and most economical for the county, which motion carried. 

December, 1908. Mr. Davidson, of the committee on almshouse and outside 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY : V'; -v 229 



pauper claims, read the following special report in relation to wiring and piping 
of the almshouse for lighting, which, on his motion, was adopted and its recom- 
mendations concurred in: : v,. : .v.i : 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County, Illinois: 

Your committee on almshouse and poor-farm would respectfully present the 
following report on the matter of wiring the almshouse for lighting by electricity 
and piping the same for gas, in accordance with the meeting of the board of 
supervisors : 

Your committee met at the Knox county court house in Galesburg on Thurs- 
day, September 17, 1908, to advertise for bids for wiring and piping the aims- 
house for light purposes according to plans and specifications on file in the county 
clerk's office. 

Upon motion made by Mr. Geer and seconded by Mr. Baird, Mr. Spenny 
and Mr. Cooke were empowered to oversee work in regard to repairing and set- 
ting old boiler taken out of laundry at almshouse and to be used for heating 
purposes at almshouse. Motion carried. 

Your committee again met at the Knox county court house on Monday, 
October 12, 1908, to open bids for wiring and piping almshouse. 

Upon motion made by Mr. Geer and seconded by Mr. Baird, the Knoxville 
Electric Light and Power Company were allowed the contract for wiring the 
almshouse for the sum of $1,200.00, according to plans and specifications by 
J. Grant Beadle, architect, now on file in the county clerk's office. Also that 
said Knoxville Electric Light and Power Company be allowed the sum of $125 
for one Vermont marble switchboard, 24x60 inches, ij4 inches thicfc, all wired up 
complete. Motion carried; bond of $i,ooo to accompany the contract. 

It was further agreed to enter into contract with said Knoxville Electric 
Light and Power Company to furnish light at almshouse for two years from 
January i, 1909, for the sum of 7^/2 cents per kilowatt. - '. . 

The bid of C. S. Telford for piping almshouse for gas according to plans 
and specifications furnished by J. Grant Beadle, architect, now on file in county 
clerk's office, for $465, was accepted and contract entered into, a bond of $300 
being attached to contract. 

We would recommend that the clerk be directed to issue a county order to 
J. Grant Beadle, for $55, for making plans and specifications for wiring and 
piping the almshouse and buildings, in accordance with contract with him as 
heretofore reported by your committee to this board. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. We move the adoption of the report 
and recommendations concurred in.-.. :; . ., / . -r -. : ; ; 

... ... ._. ._ .^ ._.....,..... ,-::;.. ^'"''.;^;''v':-'' S. M. McWiLLiAMS, '-^^.;' 

-.,':' .-. .. '':-. ' -./ ' ' 'i-''l ^V^vV .V ';.':'''-;' v'^:: V.- J. O. BMRD, :f,--\-^ 

^::,v';^ ;/.;.;; '.V.: :^- -^^ '.:V-'.;-.;'.."":--'.. ' ^- -.'^i-X'T-i - R- E. DAVIDSOJJ,:.^ :-;(.':!'] 

V ^'^^/ '''.^'^^-' ' -v '"'^ ',;-' -;":'^\,^' ^' /''-:;..;.. /'^' \:- ',:N\''I- JOHN C. GEER, .; i'- '''-'''/-, 

''!'-.. ".'' -v ';.' -i' ., ^'" '-'. ;.''.:'.'. ''^'^':'?-."' JOHN SPENNY, ''.. 

Committee. 

September, 1909. On motion of Mr. McWilliams, the board granted the 
privilege of the floor to Dr. C. B. Ripley, who addressed the board on the subject 
of establishing a county sanitarium for the treatment of tuberculosis. 

On motion of Mr. Sloan, the almshouse committee was authorized to enter 



230 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY '';-- ? 

into contract with one of the hospitals in the city of Galesburg for the care of 
county patients, - . ., ; : ; " '.f-'. ::v, v ^ 

December, 1909. The following special report of the almshouse corhmittee, 
together with contract, order to county clerk and statements relative to purchase 
of the Nicholas Peterson farm were read : 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Kno.r County, Illinois: : i :) : ' ; 

Your committee authorized at the September meeting of the board of super- 
visors of Knox county to purchase additional land for the almshouse and poor- 
farm, beg leave to submit the following report : 

That on October 23, 1909, your committee purchased from C. W. Morris his 
interest in what is known as the Nicholas Peterson farm, he holding a contract 
for the same, agreeing to pay therefore $19,925, and for which said interest of 
said C. W. Morris in said contract, we paid by county clerk's order $3,800, 
leaving due on said contract sums due as follows, to-wit: 

January i, 1910, $1,125, ^"d March 3, 1910, $15,000. -:--:;: -1 ^, 

Your committee would recommend that they be granted authority to make 
such arrangements as are necessary for meeting the further terms of the contract, 
and to direct the county clerk to issue clerk's orders in payment thereof. Said 
land described as follows: Situate in the county of Knox and state of Illinois, 
known and described as lots one (i) and five (5) (according to the plat on 
page 366 of Volume 44, Knox County Deed Records) of the southeast quarter 
of section twenty (20), and also the southeast quarter of the northeast quarter 
of said section twenty (20), all of said lands situated in township eleven (ii) 
north, range two (2) east of the fourth principal meridian. ;...:, .| ' 

June, 1911. Mr. Sargent presented and read the following communication, 
together with the petitions accompanying same. ; 

GALESBURG, 111., June 13, 1911. 
To the Honorable Board of Supervisors of Knox County, ,..,': 1 

GENTLEMEN: At a meeting held on Tuesday evening, June 8, 1911, the 
undersigned discussed the question of the feasibility of a tent colony for the 
treatment of those in this county afflicted with tuberculosis, and it was the 
unanimous sentiment that the time had come for a positive step in this direction 
and that your honorable body is best situated to take the initial steps, in view of 
the fact that the county has already purchased the land needed for that purpose. 
It was generally understood at the time of the acquisition that ultimately the 
county would establish such a tent colony or sanitarium there for the accommo- 
dation of the people of this county. Since the procuring of the land there have 
been many deaths in the county from consumption, and there are now within its 
confines many such with the disease. It seems only the part of mercy that all 
such be afforded the modern facilities for treatment close at home. It was the 
unanimous opinion of those of us who are physicians that the tent colony offers 
the best method of stamping out the disease. As taxpayer^ and citizens we ask 
your respectful consideration of the subject, and also that you assist insofar as 
your honorable body can in the dissemination of information among the homes 



:V ^ ; ;;:w- X HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;';;::- 231 ^ 

of the county regarding the disease to the end that its ravages may be mitigated. 
All of which, with the accompanying petitions, is respectfully submitted. .''''.^' ! 

> r" : :..; ;-" . J. M. Cox, M.D., -; .'4 J- C. SIMPSON, -v.^;;: ;\ 

>; :\'xu :::: J. F. PERCY, M.D., - ;:;; G. W. KIRBY, v.' V.';..: ; 

.-.:'.. ' , C. B. RiPLEY, M.D., '''' ROBERT CHAPPELL, - ., 'v 

y T. '^^ ; :', ^^' :; G. A. LONGBRAKE, M.D., A.I.SARGENT, ^.:'^'v '; 

:;^' V. / ' :' GEORGE W. THOMPSON, A. B. DIETZ,^ v. ::-./.; -v.: 

E. R. DRAKE, FRED R. JELLIFF. 

We, the undersigned, being firmly convinced that the time has come when 
this county should provide suitable equipment for the stamping out of tuber- 
culosis in our midst, and thereby saving to the community hundreds of useful 
lives ; and believing that further delay is unjustifiable, do hereby respectfully 
petition the honorable board of supervisors of Knox county to take immediate 
steps toward equipping a tent colony on the land recently purchased by the board \ 
for that purpose. . ;;. :r .:/ : v;^.:: :. 

: . CLARK E. CARR, F.M.CONNOLLY, .;^-:'.\-v,: ^^ . ' 

.; ' ;/-.:> GEORGE W. PRINCE, REV. STUART M. CAMPBELL, .;> 

' - :. M. J. DAUGHERTY, THOMAS MCCLELLAND, ': 

GEORGE SANDERSON, AND 200 OTHERS. . :? . 

Dr. Sargent then stated that Dr. Cox and others of the Medical Society -. 
of the City of Galesburg and Knox county were present and he requested 
that they be permitted to address the board. Whereupon he introduced Dr. Cox, -^ 
who stated that he was representing the Medical Society of the City of Galesburg, 
and came before them to urge the necessity and importance of the establishment ; 
of a sanitarium for the care and treatment of persons afflicted with tuberculosis, 
and suggested the appointment of a committee of the members of the board of ' 
supervisors to investigate the question and give it thorough consideration, with 
the object of establishing such a sanitarium on a broad basis so that all classes 
could and would avail themselves of the advantages thereof. . j' : 

Dr. William O'R. Bradley also addressed the board, and he urged the co-oper- 
ation of the board of supervisors with the medical societies of the city of Gales- 
burg and Knox county in establishing and putting in order and thoroughly equip- 
ping a sanitarium for the treatment of tuberculosis. ' . '. : 

Dr. G. A. Longbrake also appeared and emphasized the importance of isola- 
tion of tubercular patients for their own benefit and for the prevention of the 
spread of the disease among persons not affected by it. 

Dr. Ryan also spoke to the board and emphasized the importance of the estab-';> ' 
lishment of a sanitarium for the treatment of tuberculosis. .:, .....:; 

Dr. Ripley stated that he appeared as the representative of the County Medi- 
cal Society, and the County Society joined with the City Medical Society in urg- ':- 
ing the importance of the matter of the establishment of a sanitarium for the 
proper treatment of tuberculosis. , : .- . ^ 

Mr. Greig here stated to the board that personally he realized .the need of the 
proper care and treatment of tubercular subjects and the great importance of the '^ 
matter; but that if the sanitarium mentioned in the discussion before the board 
would be solely for the accommodation of patients from Knox county, he ques- 
tioned whether the community was large enough to warrant the great expense 
necessary to establish and properly equip and maintain a sanitarium, and he 



232 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^t'" :. V; 

expressed his belief that the time would come when the treatment and care 
of tubercular cases would be carried on in like manner by the state as the insane 
patients are now cared for, and in such a case the large outlay by counties for 
the purpose would be useless. 

Dr, Sargent then offered a motion that a special committee of five members 
of the board be appointed by the chairman, with instructions to confer with the 
medical societies of the city of Galesburg and Knox county and make some defi- 
nite recommendations as to the propriety of establishing a colony or sanitarium 
for the care and treatment of tuberculosis, and report the results of their con- ' 
siderations to the next September meeting of the county board, which motion 
prevailed. 

Mr. Deatherage then offered a motion that the special committee be appointed 
for the consideration of the tubercular colony and sanitarium matter, be given 
authority to visit sanitaria in other places and investigate the methods and expense 
of conducting such places and make a full report of same to the board, and the 
county to pay the expense of the committee in making such investigations, which 
motion prevailed. 

September, 1911. The chair announced that the hour had arrived which was 
set for a special order of business, and offered the representatives of the Knox 
County and Galesburg Medical Societies that were present the privilege of address- 
ing the board. 

Whereupon Dr. Cox appeared and discussed the estimated cost of establish- 
ment and maintenance of a sanitarium for the treatment of tuberculosis for 
Knox county, as based upon reports on like institutions in the state of New 
York and other eastern states. 

Mr. Minnich, secretary of the Illinois association for the prevention of Tuber- 
culosis also spoke briefly along the same lines and of the purpose and value of 
such as institution. . - ., 

Dr. Franing then spoke briefly on the same subject. 

Mr. Robson of the special committee on the sanitarium for the treatment 
of tuberculosis read the following report: " ' .^^ -I -: 

To the Honorable Board of Supervisors: 

Your committee, to whom was referred the matter pertaining to the estab- 
lishment of a tuberculosis sanitarium, would respectfully report to your hon- 
orable board, that they met on Aug. pth at the court house, at which time a 
number of the physicians were present and their arguments were heard, and we 
are presenting herewith a folder presented by the physicians as their final ar- 
gument in favor of the establishment of a county sanitarium. 

From the statement made by the physicians we have their estimate that there 
are approximately 234 people in Knox county affected with tuberculosis. We 
have the statement of the physicians that in 1909 there were in Knox county 
297 deaths, from all causes, and 50 of these were from tuberculosis. We find 
from the records that during the year from Nov., 1909, to Nov., 1910, there 
were 28 deaths reported as caused from tuberculosis and 8 more from some 
form of tuberculosis other than pulmonary tuberculosis. From this informa- 
tion it would seem, that if a tubercular sanitarium were to be established, that 
it should have a capacity of from 50 to 60 patients. 

With the idea of seeking further information, as to what was necessary in 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; /> ' 288 



the establishing of a proper tubercular sanitarium, your committee visited the 
Edward sanitarium, at Naperville, 111. This is an institution for the treatment 
of incipient pulmonary tuberculosis, and only patients in the early stages of 
pulmonary tuberculosis are admitted. 

; This institution has a permanent service building, with dining room, kitchen, 
laundry and accommodations for the employees. It also has a medical building, 
including office, medical facilities, laboratory, infirmary and rooms for the 
medical and nursing stafl. The service building was a gift, and represents an 
expenditure of approximately $12,000. The medical building was built at a 
cost of $21,435. This cost does not include the installation of a laboratory, 
such as seems to be necessary for an institution of this kind, and which would 
cost approximately $4,000, this being the cost of the laboratory at Ottawa. 
This institution has also 4 open air shacks with a capacity of 36 beds. These 
shacks cost approximately $i,ioo each. There are also 5 tents, having a ca- 
pacity of lo beds, which cost about $125.00 each. This gives a capacity of 
46 patients in the shacks and tents, the balance being provided for in the medical 
building. There are also in this institution, two day resting shacks, representing 
a cost of a little over $500 or a total investment of approximately $42,500. 
: . This institution shows a total operating expense, outside of improvements 
to buildings and grounds and furniture and furnishings, of approximately 
$21,600 per year. The per capita expense at this place is approximately $10.00 
per patient per week. It will also be noted that these patients are expected to 
do considerable towards their own care, in the way of taking care of their 
accommodations, such as care of sleeping quarters, etc. ; ;;. 

Your committee also visited the colony at Ottawa, 111., and found there an 
institution with a capacity of about 60 patients. This institution has an ad- 
ministration building, containing the dining room, offices, and accommodations 
for the employees, together with heating plant and kitchen, which represents 
a cost of approximately $25.000. There is a bath house costing $4500 and an 
annex or shack, containing the laboratory and sleeping apartments for 5 or 
6 patients. At this institution the patients are principally kept in tents, each 
patient having an individual tent. About half of the tents in this institution 
are permanent affairs and cost about $250.00 each, and the other are temporary 
tents and cost about $215.00 each. The total investment here represents ap- 
proximately $48,000.00. 

At this institution, not only the incipient cases are admitted but also the 
more advanced, although the latter are not desired. The annual cost of main- 
taining this institution was not obtainable although we were advised by the 
superintendent that the pay roll was about $2000 per month, and judging from 
the records of the Edward Sanitarium at Naperville, your committee is in- 
clined to the belief that this represents about one-half of the actual cost of 

operation. ::/': .^'V;-.' ';-.:/..>., .'-- -.:' . .'!;;':/;';>;;-."-:/ 

The cost of construction given herein for the two institutions does not 
include the cost of real estate or the installation of the proper water service, 
nor the drainage or sewerage proposition. 

, ;. Both of the institutions mentioned, cater principally to the patients who 
are able to pay their way, more especially the colony at Ottawa. The colony 
at Naperville received contributions from outside sources which enables them 



234 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY .;^': : I 

to provide for a number of free patients. Their statement from 1907 to 1911, 
shows that 40 per cent of the patients were pay patients, 51 per cent were free 
patients maintained by private subscriptions and from other sources, and 9 per 
cent were semi free, or in other words, assisted in part by various organizations 
and individuals. 

The costs enumerated herein, are for the care of the incipient cases. It 
would appear that this cost would necessarily be insufficient where the care 
of advanced cases are to be undertaken. 

Your committee is very firmly of the belief, that if Knox county is to un- 
dertake the establishment of a tuberculosis sanitarium that it should, most em- 
phatically, provide for the care of the advanced cases, although there is no 
way by which these apparently dangerous cases may be compelled to submit to 
treatment or even to the sanitarium, except in the most advanced cases, coming 
from the homes where the illness causes dependency. These cases have been, 
and are now being received at the almshouse and cared for in a very satisfactory 
manner. :- ;.;.:-.;. y/ ;.;'':;,-, ''^ .';!.''. -"v^'-'i':', ./''"' 

Your committee is further of the opinion that should this honorable board 
see fit, at this time, to establish a county sanitarium for the care and treat- 
ment of tuberculosis, that a reasonable sanitarium could be established at a 
cost of approximately $25,000. '' - :;;v>- ,;-.';.;- V;;;^^-! .:. 

The fact that the present tax levy is practically up to the limit allowed by 
law, would make it necessary that this amount be provided by a bond issue of 
the county for this purpose. 

Your committee further believes that a great deal of good might be done 
along this line by education and would recommend that the matter be taken 
up with the county superintendent of schools in order that the results obtained 
from proper care in cases of tuberculosis might be taught in the public schools 
of the county. 
'.':!' " \\ -..' :: v'- . E. P. RoBsoN, -t .;:"'. 

, ',> V : ' , . ^ ' S. A. HoxwoRTH, 

'' : \;:,'^ : . ':".':. ' . ' ' ' -^:^' J. W. BARRY, 

. N:;- : : J- O- BAIRD, 

' >'V ';''''' ' ' "'' "" "' ':'''/' .^" " A. F. PADEN. 
To the Honorable, the Special Committee of the Board of Supervisors of Knox 

County, on the Question of a Tuberculosis Sanitarium. 

GENTLEMEN : In this final argument in favor of the establishment of a 
county sanitarium for the treatment of tubercular patients, it is not our in- 
tention or desire to wear out the patience of this honorable body. We wish to 
present simply the salient points touching upon the cause of the disease, its 
universal dissemination, false ideas about its propagation and spread, its social 
side and its financial aspect, its prevention and lastly its care and cure, so 
that you will have a firm basis of fact for your action. 

The disease was named phthisis or consumption by the Greeks because of 
[ its wasting action. Hippocrates, the Greak physician, who lived twenty cen- 
turies ago, gives an accurate description of the disease, which does not vary 
much from what we see today. The disease has spread so that today it is 
found in every clime and among all people. Its virulence varies with the 
physical development of the people, their racial history and their environment 



^';^ : .':^;' ;; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - ^ .^v 235 

and social habits. Some people are unusually susceptible to the disease, notable 
the negroes, and mulattoes and the Indians, especially half breeds. People who 
have lived an outdoor life for generations and are then housed by civilization 
are very prone to it and whole tribes have been "literally wiped off the face 
of the earth" when they have been educated to clothes and foul smelling hut. 

The real nature of the disease was not known until 1882 when Koch, the 
great German scientist, discovered the germ, and by cultivation and inoculation 
proved it to be the cause of the disease. Prior to this time it was supposed to 
be hereditary and when a person was attacked all hope was gone and little was 
done in the way of prevention or cure. 

The disease is caused by the bacillus tuberculosis, a small germ which has 
to be magnified 800 or i,ooo times and colored before it can be detected. It is 
hardy and tenacious of life. When expectorated and allowed to lodge in a warm, 
damp place, it will live two months. 

Heating to a temperature of 145 degrees will not kill it. If, however, it is 
exposed to the air and sunlight for two days it will be destroyed. Sunlight 
and fresh air sounds the death knell of tuberculosis. The germs have never 
been discovered in the blood nor is there an authentic instance where the dis- 
ease has been transmitted from the mother to the unborn child. 

It is mildly contagious, if at all. It is transmitted in two ways usually 
by inhalation and by means of the food. Sixty-four per cent occurs by inhaling 
the dried sputum and 20 per cent by ingesting the germs. There may be other 
ways but they are not fully proven, possibly by inoculation. The infection 
occurs by means of the dried sputum, which is carried about by the air and 
inhaled, or by drops of mucous which may be expectorated on the pillow or 
sheets and some one lies on them and becomes infected. The tonsil is an ex- 
cellent resting place for the germ until it matures and develops. 

It is quite well established that children are infected by tuberculosis cow's 
milk. That fact that nearly all children who have tuberculosis have the glands 
of the bowel and its covering infected, would seem to prove this conclusively. 

Years ago when it was the common belief that the disease was hereditary and, 
therefore, inevitable in a family, it was no uncommon thing to see a sick patient 
cover the floor with foul expectoration which was allowed to dry and was 
wafted by the wind to all parts of the neighborhood, infecting not only the 
family, but every one in the vicinity. Domestic animals have often been thus 
infected. 

It has been conclusively proven that 7 per cent of all deaths are due to the 
disease the world over. That, however, does not tell half the story. German 
pathologists have proven by autopsies that fully 75 per cent of all the people who 
died had the disease in some form or other. This was true of children as well 
as adults. What a sad state of affairs! Fortunately all people who have tu- 
bercles do not develop the disease. They are a constant menace, however, 
so that when the system becomes debilitated and the people live in dark houses 
with foul air, there is a physical explosion and consumption results. The far 
greater frequency of tuberculosis in cities as compared to country districts and 
villages is shown by statistics of Paris in the number of cases per thousand 5 
per cent and in the villages 2 per cent. Under preventive measures and better 
hygiene the ratio of tuberculosis is gradually decreasing. In New York the 



1286 ^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY !.-";^ i\ 

mortality has decreased 50 per cent in lo years, and it has fallen 40 per cent 
in Philadelphia in the same time. Hilles has shown that by the same rate of 
decrease as has occurred in Prussia in the past ten years, the disease will be 

: extinct in 1927, and in England 1947. 

It is an appalling thing to contemplate that at least 75 per cent of our 
people carry the germs of tuberculosis. It is estimated that more than one 
hundred thousand die from the disease annually in the United States. During 

. 1909 there were 65,612 deaths in the state of Illinois from all causes and 
7,078 were from consumption. In the age period between 20 and 30 there 
were in Illinois 5,205 deaths from all causes. Of this number 1849 were from 
tuberculosis which is a death rate of 35 per cent. Thus during the most active 
period of life 35 per cent of the deaths are from this dread disease. In Knox 
county alone there were 497 deaths from all causes and 50 of those were 

. from consumption. This is not a sporadic condition due to some sudden epi- 
demic, but is a continuous condition. ; ; s '' - ;^' --"'.i.^';', "'' -^ .1 : 
.. Thus the matter is brought down to our homes. Every year fifty of our 

. people die of this disease and almost half of them are at the development per- 
iod. It is time something were done to check the ravages of this death dealing 
agent. How many homes have you seen in your county completely decimated 
by this disease because the patients could not get proper care? Prevention is 
the watch word. The people are being educated along the line of hygiene 
by the schools and various organizations for the prevention of tuberculosis, 
but it will be several generations before the disease is under control. In the 

J meantime the unfortunates who have the disease have to be cared for and cured 
if possible. While change of climate plays a part in the checking of the dis- 

' . ease, it is unimportant as compared to the proper care and feeding in the climate 
and environment to which the consumptive is accustomed. Home treatment is 

' almost a failure in those cases. They need at all times intelligent supervision. 
They may be educated to sleep out of doors which helps a great deal, but their 
diet must be well balanced and of such a quality that it can be properly as- 
similated. It is much harder to control the patients in their own home because 
of the anxious solicitation of their friends, who break the rules laid down and ir- 
retrievably injure the patient. It is impossible to make unhygienic surroundings 
fit for consumptive patients. The surroundings should be pleasant and every- 

thing done that would tend to take his mind from himself and his terrible af- 
fliction. It would be a revelation for you to see the patients sent even from 
good homes to the sanitarium by people who thought they were competent 
to handle the patient. In nearly every case a crime against good judgment was 
committed when it was sought to do only good. 

The sanitarium is as necessary in the treatment of tuberculosis as is the 

. hospital in the successful handling of medical and surgical cases. 

It is an institution equipped for the care of the sick and has facilities for 

' the successful application of physiological therapeutics that cannot be provided 
in the home. 

Of the many obstacles to the successful application of the treatment of 
tuberculosis, not the least is in meeting the necessary expense of treatment. 

. When sanitarium treatment is suggested as it has been in the past, we were 
met with the obstacle that the patient was not able to stand the expense. That 



^;; - ;y V ;,; ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ ' .'-.'C:. , 2gt7. 

was all too true, and it is for that very reason that county sanitariums are being 
established. They will reduce the expense to the minimum, and at the same 
time will be near at hand for the patients. 

'- However, we cannot escape from the burden of tuberculosis, no matter 
which way we turn. It must be borne by the patient or his friends or by the 
state. Fortunately the cure is the least expensive, but up to the present the 
fact has not been realized. There is as much money spent in the care of tuber- 
culosis patients as would be necessary to cure all those afflicted if properly ap- 
plied. It will usually cost less to cure a patient in a sanitarium than to care for 
him during the months and even years of his illness, to say nothing about the 
loss of his own time and that of his friends who care for him. . . ,- . 

THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF THE SANITARIUM TREATMENT OF PULMONARY .';; 

''V-'\:';. /,'- .:'. ^-'\-''', ''::;.;:;..:.:::-' TUBERCULOSIS ''-'--i/-: ' ^:' ' ,:~'^: ..-:;'' 

Dr. David Russell Lyman, Wallingford : The Gaylord Farm Sanitarium was 
opened September, 1904, and on May ii, 1911, they had 676 discharged 
patients who had been away from the institution for six months or longer. 
Thirty-four were school children and had no earning capacity. This left 633 
cases on wh'ich my study is based. X^he results of treatment are in direct 
ratio with the stage of the disease at which the diagnosis is made. The in- 
cipient cases show an average total earning of $1,020.60, the moderately ad- 
vanced of $842.22, while the far advanced earned an average of $192.10. The 
incipient cases showed a working capacity of 70 per cent, of their total time 
since discharge ; the moderately advanced 59 per cent, and the far advanced only 
23 per cent. The average weekly wages varied but little for the three classes. 
In another table dealing with 262 cases discharged as "arrested.," 253 "improved," 
and ii8 "progressive" the arrested show an average total earnings of $1,039.48; 
the improved $719.53 ; the progressive only $72.55. The percentage of "weeks 
of work" to "weeks of life" is 67 per cent, for the arrested, 47 per cent, for 
the improved and 14 per cent, for the progressives. The total expenditure was 
$236,744.51, whereas the amount already earned by discharged patients was 
$464,406.00, a return of about 200 per cent, within six years from the com- 
mencement of the work. 

Truden : Reports at the Adirondack's Sanitarium show 72 per cent, of in- 
cipient cases cured, and 17 per cent of advanced cases. Rutland Sanitarium 
shows 72 per cent of incipient cases cured and 46 per cent of advanced. 

Truden says that out of 1,000 cases treated and followed up at the end of 
15 years 46 per cent were still living. 

The apparent simplicity of the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis is one 
of the chief sources of error in its application and involves a real danger. This 
is a fundamental fact which is not but must be realized before we are on a 
solid footing. The medical profession have reached substantially the agreement 
that the underlying principles of treatment is constant fresh air, good and 
abundant food and rest. :.;...'. 

We have not attempted to go into the details of the economic loss from 
tuberculosis, because it would consume too much space, but, the few data given 
above will show the great saving to the state from the cure of those afflicted. 



238 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY v-' 

Tuberculosis is the greatest scourge of all the ages. ;xf--^ ^ ' / ^ 

It has the highest death rate of any disease. '- , 

It is not hereditary. .:',. 

It is preventable. :. :~ " .\ .' 

It can be cured if taken in time. 

The sanitarium is the proper place for the care and treatment. 

With this great array of scientific facts and data attesting the universality >. ' 

of the disease and its enormous death rate before you, what is your duty as % 
supervisors? ' , T ' ; -^v' v- V^^ 

The legislature at its last meeting passed a bill giving counties the right ^ . 

to provide suitable sanitaria for the care of its tubercular patients. By so doing -,v 

they recognize the right of the state to provide for its delinquents and to pro- ^r,. 

tect its citizens in their health as well as in their social or financial status. At ' :^ 

various times in the last few decades the state has passed laws giving the ;.'/.:. 
health department, in the state as well as in the cities, the power to induce quar- 

antine for the protection of its citizens, and in some cases it has even provided .-, 

means of cure, viz., the supplying of antitoxin for the cure of diphtheria. "". v> 

In addition to the state law recently passed prohibiting the public drinking . '.' 

cup. Chicago has passed a local ordinance to the same effect so that they might ,';:, 

better control the situation. v > 

If Knox county supervisors were to pass a resolution favorable to the - "^^ 

erection of a suitable sanitarium it would not be a pioneer in this matter for ;: > 

already it is found from statistics published in the new tuberculosis directory . ^: 

of the national association for the study and prevention of tuberculosis, that . 

over 700 cities and towns of the United States and Canada are engaged in . . 

the war against consumption and that on April i, 1911, there were nearly 1,500 ' ' , 

different agencies. at work in the crusade; an increase of nearly 700 per cent 

in the last seven years. V ' 

The new directory lists 421 tuberculosis sanitaria hospitals and day camps; .A;.-' 

511 associations and committees for the prevention of tuberculosis; 342 special r^f 

dispensaries; 68 open air schools; 98 hospitals for the insane and penal in- :. V 

stitutions making special provision for their tuberculosis inmates, besides giving ..'-'V 

an account of the anti-tuberculosis legislation in every state and in about 250 ": 

cities. v-"- 

The evidence of the necessity for a sanitarium is so overwhelming that it 'f;,-: 

seems as if no doubt could exist. If your honorable board have any doubts .< . 

about the feasibility of the institution, it must be because of the financial ;;, ; 

consideration alone. When our committee appeared before you nine weeks ago ''/. 

the matter was presented in a crude form, and at that time no plan of sanitarium 1 v .- 

or plan of handling the patients was presented. We considered it advisable to .:'.; 

leave that to the better judgment of the board, and we felt sure that they would . .; 

be able to elaborate a plan after mature consideration which would answer the ;^ 

purpose and would not be a burden to the tax payers. -:. 

From the statistics presented it appears that it is a matter of personal ;!'' 

interest to at least 75 per cent of the people of the county, which is indeed a large ' >'^ 

majority. '-;' 

Following our last conference with the board we were told to go out among : : 

the people, the voters and tax payers, and get an expression of opinion upon the -4V; 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ > "^: 



239 



project. Your honorable committee of the board, we have done so. We have 
worked hard and held meetings in sixteen cities and towns of our county. 
We have endeavored to educate the people as to the great danger of the disease, 
while at the same time we have presented the plan as proposed and asked for 
a suitable expression of their opinion as to whether or not they wanted such a 
means of treating the disease. In every place resolutions were passed urging 
the supervisors to immediately arrange for the erection of a suitable sanitarium. 
These sixteen resolutions passed in open meeting and signed by the secretary 
and president of the meeting are herewith attached for your perusal and con- 
sideration. All the newspapers of the county are favorable to the plan and 
they certainly voice the sentiment of the community all the people are for it 
and they speak for themselves. Honorable supervisors, what more can you ask? 
Pass the resolution authorizing the erection of such a sanitarium. We do not 
come as beggars asking a crust for ourselves, we come simply in the spirit of 
a broad humanity, the representatives of the people whom you serve. They 
demand it. I might say that we come as representatives of our great republic, 
whose citizens we are; of the great State of Illinois of which Knox county 
is a part and which has given you the power in this matter to protect and pre- 
serve its citizens ; of this fine County of Knox, whose supervisors you are. We 
come at the instance of the fathers and mothers who demand that their sons 
and daughters be given an equal chance in this great struggle for existence by 
upbuilding their physical condition so they may cope on a more equal footing 
with their more fortunate neighbors. 

Of all the good things you have advocated for the county none, I am sure, 
will redound to your credit more than this. 

Gentlemen, in the name of humanity we ask that you resolve to supply a 
sanitarium for the cure of these debilitated and unhappy people. 

(Signed) DR. J. NEIL Cox, DR. Louis BECKER, 

; DR. T. E. BIRMINGHAM, DR. G. A. LONGBRAKE, ;, 

> : . . DR. WM. O'R. BRADLEY, DR. J. M. BOHAN, V^ 

;; : - ^ ;; V:- DR. F. G. HALL, . DR. L. R. RYAN, ;-::f^ 

Committee. 

Mr. Mott offered a motion that the report of the special committee be filed 
and made a matter of record and that the committee be discharged, which 
motion prevailed. , .'--^ ::<;'' J ':;>'''''*: ' ; . ^^''^^i^.U ' 



> V, MILITARY HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY, j V ' ";>:', 

::/^'''' '''-",'-:'''l'-'. '''^::: -'::' :^-- BY CAPT. CHAS. C. CRAIG. .^ '-, ' - ^ /'.^'^.''\':,'^'''''^z-' 

Knox county was named from a soldier. General Henry Knox. of Revolution- 
ary war fame, chief of artillery under Washington and afterward secretary of 
war. 

The earliest inhabitants of what is now Knox county, of which we have any 
record, were the Indians. Their principal pursuits were war, and the chase, and 
many of their implements of warfare have been found in all parts of the county. 



240 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - ~' 

While little is known of them in this vicinity prior to the advent of the early 
French explorers, the woodlands and prairies of Illinois abounded in game and 
the fertile and productive lands of this vicinity were altogether as desirable to the 
savage tribes in their day as they are to us at the present time. 

The first tribe of Indians that occupied the Illinois country called themselves 
the mini, which in their language signified "Men" or "Superior Men," and for 
a long time they held the hunting grounds of this state and waged successful 
warfare against the Miamis and Iroquois on the east, the Chickasaws on the 
south, the Osage and Pawnees of the southwest and the Pottawatomies of the 
north. At a later day the wonderful resources and fertility of the Illinois coun- 
try were fully appreciated and coveted by the explorers from the old world. 
The European wars of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries extended to the 
American colonies, even to the extreme frontiers, and the adventurers of France, 
Fngland and Spain, with hostile Indian tribes as their allies, successfully fought 
for possession of the beautiful Illinois country, and more effectively than we 
now realize. Whether any of their battles took place in Knox county, or in this 
immediate vicinity, we do not know. . . .-. . ; ;., J/ -v 1 ' . : ! 

There was a difference in the arrows, spears and axes made and used by the 
different tribes, and the presence of such implements of warfare used by tribes 
whose territory was far from Illinois would indicate they had been used in 
warfare between them and the Indians inhabiting this state. - j ' . 

There is a field on the banks of Sugar creek, where it crosses the northwest 
quarter of section fourteen in Persifer township in this county, where, accord- 
ing to the residents of that neighborhood, quantities of bullets have been found 
within an area of a few acres. This place is on the old Indian trail that ran 
from the towns of the Illini, about where the village of Utica now stands; in a 
southwesterly direction across Knox county to where the Des Moines river 
empties into the Mississippi. These bullets are mostly the round, old-fashioned 
musket balls in use over two hundred years ago. When the Illini were defeated 
and driven from their villages along the upper Illinois by the treacherous and 
savage Iroquois, as narrated by Tonti, La Salle's able lieutenant, and an eye- 
witness to the massacre, their flight was toward the southwest, possibly some of 
the fugitives followed this trail. Again, a century later, when the last of the 
Illini were defeated by the Pottawatomies, some of them may have been over- 
taken on this trail, or an expedition from the Spanish colonies or a band of 
traders may have there fought to the death. 

We have no record of any operations in the Revolutionary war in North- 
western Illinois. In the War of 1812 and the Indian wars preceding, the set- 
tlers took an important part, and the muster rolls have been preserved of several 
companies of rangers from the southern part of the state who were in that war. 
These rosters are published in Volume 9 of the Adjutant General's Report of 
Illinois. During this war the British incited the Northern Indian tribes to 
harrass the frontier settlements, and the settlers of Illinois territory organized 
to protect themselves. One of the expeditions, under General Howard from 
Fort Russell, marched up the Mississippi river to about the present site of 
Quincy, from there crossing over to the Illinois river to Havana, and from there 
to Peoria. In this expedition Major Boone was sent with a force to scour the 
Spoon river country towards Rock river, and penetrated into what is now Knox 




' : - - Y. M. C. A. BUILDING ' ' ": ' 

Located on North Prairie Street, between Main and Ferris Streets. Built in 1897. Value, $30,000. 
Association organized in 1883. 



240; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

While little is known of them in this vicinity prior to the advent of the early 
French explorers, the woodlands and prairies of Illinois abounded in game and 
the fertile and productive lands of this vicinity were altogether as desirable to the 
savage tribes in their day as they are to us at the present time. .| 

The first tribe of Indians that occupied the Illinois country called themselves 
the Illini, which in their language signified "^len" or "Superior Men," and for 
a long time they held the hunting grounds of this state and waged successful 
warfare against the Miamis and Iroquois on the east, the Chickasaws on the 
south, the Osage and Pawnees of the southwest and the Pottawatomies of the 
north. At a later day the wonderful resources and fertility of the Illinois coun- 
try w'ere fully appreciated and coveted by the explorers from the old world. 
The European \vars of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries extended to the 
American colonies, even to the extreme frontiers, and the adventurers of France, 
England and Spain, with hostile Indian tribes as their allies, successfully fought 
for possession of the beautiful Illinois country, and more effectively than we 
now realize. Whether any of their battles took place in Knox county, or in this 
immediate vicinity, we do not know. , . ^\ ^ 

There was a difference in the arrows, spears and axes made and used by the 
different tribes, and the presence of such implements of warfare used by tribes 
whose territory was far from Illinois would indicate they had been used in 
warfare between them and the Indians inhabiting this state. . I 

There is a field on the banks of Sugar creek, where it crosses the northwest 
quarter of section fourteen in Persifer township in this county, where, accord- 
ing to the residents of that neighborhood, quantities of bullets have been found 
within an area of a few acres. This place is on the old Indian trail that ran 
from the towns of the Illini, about where the village of Utica now stands ; in a 
southwesterly direction across Knox county to where the Des Moines river 
empties into the Mississippi. These bullets are mostly the round, old-fashioned 
musket balls in use over two hundred years ago. When the Illini were defeated 
and driven from their villages along the upper Illinois by the treacherous and 
savage Iroquois, as narrated by Tonti, La Salle's able lieutenant, and an eye- 
witness to the massacre, their flight was toward the southwest, possibly some of 
tlie fugitives followed this trail. Again, a century later, when the last of the 
Illini were defeated by the Pottawatomies, some of them may have been over- 
taken on this trail, or an expedition from the Spanish colonies or a band of 
traders may have there fought to the death. 

We have no record of any operations in the Revolutionary war in North- 
western Illinois. In the War of 1812 and the Indian wars preceding, the set- 
tlers took an important part, and the muster rolls have been preserved of several 
comi)anies of rangers from the southern part of the state who were in that war. 
The^.e rosters are published in Volume 9 of the Adjutant General's Report of 
Illinois. During this war the British incited the Northern Indian tribes to 
harrass the frontier settlements, and the settlers of Illinois territory organized 
to protect themselves. One of the expeditions, under General Howard from 
Fort Russell, marched up the Mississippi river to about the present site of 
Quincy, from there crossing over to the Illinois river to Havana, and from there 
to Peoria. In this expedition Major Boone was sent with a force to scour the 
Spoon river country towards Rock river, and penetrated into what is now Knox 




'- " ' V. M. C. A. RUILOING '. 

Located on North Prairie Street, between Main and Kerris Streets. Ruilt in 1897. X'alue, $30,000. 
Association organized in 1883. 



:.;.;/: V-, HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 'V 241 

country, crossing Spoon river, or the Amaquonia, as it was then called by its ; 
Indian name, probably about where the village of Maquon now stands, and 
from there returned to Peoria, or Fort Clarke as it was then known. This is 
the earliest record that has been found of any military expeditions into what is 
now Knox county. 

The first war in which the inhabitants of Knox county participated was the 
Black Hawk war of 1832. Knox county, with its present boundaries, was organ- 
ized in 1825. The jurisdiction of the Knox county commissioners extended as 
far north as Rock river and the actual scene of hostilities. As early as 1831 
the few families of the county sent Thomas McKee, Thomas Maxwell, Joseph 
Rowe and Robert Greenwell to consult with General Gaines, commander of 
the military post on Rock Island, about means of defense. This party came 
Upon a large band of mounted Indians, who followed them for some distance, 
but were assured by Major McKee, who was able to speak their language, that 
they were on their way to trade with Davenport, who was well and favorably 
known by the Indians, and they were allowed to proceed. On arriving at the 
fort they were assured by the general that there was no immediate danger 
and returned with this news, after many adventures. '?' 

The following spring, 1832, Black Hawk recrossed the Mississippi. Major 
McKee, together with James McMurtry and Fontleroy Freeman, again made 
the perilous journey to Rock Island, where they secured one hundred guns with 
accoutrements. These were sent down to river to Oquawka, and from there 
brought in wagons to this county, where they were distributed among seventy- 
two men living in Knox and Warren counties, comprising nearly the entire male 
population. 

Another party commanded by Mr. St. Vrain, which was sent by General 
Atkinson to Rock Island about the same time was massacred. With the arms 
thus secured a military organization called the "Volunteer Rangers" was organ- 
ized, consisting of the following men and officers: 

Captain, William McMurtry ; first lieutenant, George G. Lattimore ; second 
lieutenant. Turner R. Roundtree; sergeants, Edward Martin, Benjamin Brown, 
Josiah Vaughn, James McMurtry; corporals, Edward Fuqua, James H. Round- 
tree, Thomas Maxwell, Jr., Obadiah Fuqua ; privates, Edmund Adcock, Jesse 
Adkins, Peter Bell, James Brown, Franklin B. Barber, Wilson Brown, Alfred 
Brown, George Brown, Joshua Brown, Henry Bell, James McM. Criswell, Ebur 
Criswell, William Corban, Solomon Davis, Daniel Fuqua, Alexander Frakes, 
James Ferguson, John Fraker, Luster T. Gillett, James Goff. Zachias Hunt. Wil- 
liam Hilton, Robert K. Hendricks, Joseph Holiday, Berryman Jennings, Theo- 
dore Jennings, Reese Jones, William Lewis, Thomas W. McKee, John McMurtry, 
James McGehee, Thomas Maxwell, Sr., James Maxwell, John Miles, Thomas C. 

McCallister, McCallister, Daniel Miles, Elisha Miles, John Norton, James 

Nevett, Andrew Osbourn, Stephen Osbourn, Parnach Owen, Simeon Penning- 
ton, John D. Roundtree, John P. Robinson, Joseph Row, Jonathan Rice, Alex- 
ander Robertson, Josiah Stillings, John Vaughn, Samuel S. White, Joseph Wal- 
lace. Calvin Williams and William Williams. , 

The command was mounted, each man furnished his own horse. They ranged 
over the country from this county to the Mississippi river in the neighborhood 
of Oquawka. They were out about sixty days, but were in no engagements 

with the enemy. :, 

Toi. r le 



242 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^V'^ 

- For further protection three log forts were constructed, two in Henderson 
township, one on section ten and the other on section thirty-three, and one in 
Rio township in section twenty-two. Each fort consisted of a stockade about 
200 feet square, built of oak timbers 12 feet in length, forming a fence about 
8 or 9 feet high, lined with sod. On two of the comers were erected block i 
houses by which each of the four sides of the fort could be protected. These = 
were i6 by 20 feet and the second story projected beyond the walls, thus en- 
abling the guard to prevent the approach of incendiaries. 

Several times during the Black Hawk war the settlers left their homes 
in the county and fled to these forts for protection on rumors that the Indians 
were coming. It is probable that but for the efforts of Shabbona, a Pottawatomie 
chief, who had great influence with the Indians of this part of the state, and 
who prevented his people from taking part with the Sacs and Foxes, that the 
frontier settlements would have been devastated even south of the Illinois river. 
Shabbona was a great chief, and often visited this county, where he had many ^ 
friends among the whites. He and his warriors fought in the War of 1812. 
Tecumseh was killed by his side in the Battle of the Thames. Afterwards he 
befriended the whites, and when Black Hawk was taken prisoner he said had 
it not been for Shabbona the whole Pottawatomie nation would have joined him, 
and he could have continued the war for years. After the surrender of Black 
Hawk in August, 1832, hostilities ceased. In 1833 rumors were rife that the 
Indians were dissatisfied with the treaty they had made and would again cross 
the Mississippi resolved upon another war, but these reports proved to be 
unfounded, and that was the last of Indian warfare in Knox county. 

The only survivor of the Black Hawk war now living, as far as known, is 
Mr. Avery Dalton of Elmwood. Mr. Dalton is upwards of a hundred years old 
and formerly lived in Knox county. He was a member of Captain David W. 
Barnes' company, from Fulton county. This company was in the Battle of 
Stillman's Run and several of its members were killed or wounded. A few years 
ago the writer of this article had an interesting visit with Mr. Dalton at his home 
in Elmwood, in which the old gentleman narrated his personal experiences as a 
soldier in the Black Hawk war and as a hunter in the pioneer days. 

As the county became more settled, the militia was organized. The officers 
were appointed by the governor, who organized the men of the county into com- 
panies. These would meet once or twice a year, following the fashion of the 
New England Muster Day. Thomas McKee was chosen major of the militia 
in 1838, and for several years held that office. At the beginning of the Mexican 
war he assembled the militia of the county at Knoxville, to the number of fifteen 
hundred; from this number a company of one hundred and nine men were 
formed and volunteered for the war with Mexico, but the quota of this state was 
already full, so this company was not accepted. 

In a company from Fulton county, commanded by the late Lewis W. Ross 
as captain, there was at least one Knox county man, Hugh Patton, who lived 
many years at Maquon, and probably others. -..,> I . 

Hon. Rufus Cleveland, one of the few survivors of the Mexican war, is still 
living in the city of Galesburg, at this writing, full of years and honors, having 
served in both the Mexican and Civil wars. 
- In the Civil war there were only seven counties in the state that furnished a 



;;-.:: V prv,;- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :;:'- 243 -:; ; 

larger number of soldiers than Knox county, and none that filled their quotas .' ' 
more promptly. Knox county was called upon to furnish 3,842 men, but finally 
credited by the adjutant-gieral of the state with only 3,837. There were many 
who left the county to enlist in foreign regiments, and the colored troops to the 
number of from twenty-five to fifty were never credited to Knox county. . - ; -/ 

Besides the filling of her quota of the regular calls of the president, she fur- 
nished 326 men in answer to the governor's call for ico day men, making a total 
of at least 4,200 men. These were distributed among 82 regiments, and in 190 . . 
different companies. Of this number 123 were killed in action, i68 wounded 

and 344 died; 96 suffered the horrors of prison life, some of whom died at i,; 
Andersonville and Libby. 

One of the famous characters of the Civil war was Bickerdyke, 

"Mother Bickerdyke" as she was known. She went from Knox county as an 
army nurse and by her efforts with the sanitary commission and in the army 
hospitals did untold good among the sick and wounded. A monument has been . ?, 
erected to her memory in the Court House park. ' > 

After the Civil war little was done in military matters for many years. In 
1876 the Fourth Regiment Illinois National Guard was organized; the com-^ 1 
manding officer was Colonel William Whiting of Altona, and among the other V~:.' 
field officers were. Major O. L. Higgins of Oneida; Lieutenant William O. Whit- >. ' , 
ing, adjutant, Altona; Lieutenant Theodore A. Wetmore, quartermaster, > 
Oneida, and among the non-commissioned staff were D. W. Wooley, color ser- ^ 
geant, Altona; George W. Williams, drum-major, Galesburg; Charles S. Mat- ^;.'. 
teson and Arthur W. Ladd, principal musicians, Oneida. Three companies of 
this regiment were stationed in Knox county. Company A at Oneida, commanded 
by Captain Frank Murdock; Company B, known as the College City Guards, 
commanded by Captain E. F. Phelps at Galesburg, and Company C, commanded-/; , 

by Captain Charles A. Smith, stationed at Altona. Also there were two sections .1 ' ; 
of a battery commanded by Captain Aaron Brown at Altona, the regimental band 
at Oneida and drum corps at Galesburg. ^ 

Among the members of the Galesburg company were Frank D. Bellows, Ed. , ' 
R. Drake, Fred H. Holmes, Charles J. Munson, Charles W. Munson, George W. : , 

Prince and Daniel S. Hecker. This regiment was called into service during the , . . 
railroad strikes of 1877 and rendered efficient duty at East St. Louis and Gales- 
burg. -'";..'-."-"'; :'.--.^^-.'c'';.'-/ ;.;" ':.' "/I'V-v- ;>;.,.: 

On the reorganization of the Illinois National Guard the Sixth regiment was ' 
organized from the companies in the northwestern part of the state. The Gales- . . 
burg company became Company C of the Sixth. This company was again called ; ., ,v.' 
into service at East St. Louis during the railroad strikes in 1887 under Captain E 

William Weeks; again in 1894 at the Miners' and American Railroad union ' 

strike at Pekin and Spring Valley under Captain T. L. McGirr. ..- ; ^.: ; 

In 1897 Company D of Abingdon was organized and assigned to the Sixth i'^ / ' 
regiment. July 7, 1897, Battery B of the artillery battalion was organized from ^ '' V 
the Galesburg Light artillery, which up to that time had been a private organiza- . : 
tion. At the outbreak of the Spanish -war members of Company C and Company 
D volunteered and were mustered in with the rest of the regiment forming the ". 

Sixth Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The rosters of these respective companies were ;. 
as follows: Captain, Thomas L. McGirr; first lieutenant, Conrad A. Byloff; V 



244 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ', 

second lieutenant, Daniel K. Smith; first sergeant, Frank E. Johnson; sergeants, 
Edwin C. Reed ; Carl J. L. Borine ; corporal, Walter F. Coolidge ; musicians, 
Thomas W. Thomson ; Mark J. Potter ; privates, Benjamin Anderson, Ivan Boh- 
man, Alfred B. Bawman, Ira E. Benson, Jacob C. Benedict, Jacob D. Bir, Alvin P. 
Burkhalter, William Campbell, Willis E. Calkins, William H. Copp, Edqin J. 
Corbin, Victor N. Cochran, William Detrick, Frank E. DeFord, Joseph H. Dunn, 
Jr., Jacob C. Diefenderfer, George L. Elder, Oscar Franden, John Farrow, Fred 
W. Gottick, Benjamin W. Holcomb, Harry B. Hopkins, Rolla C. Hopkins, Oscar 
L. Hensel, Herbert S. Hosier, Richard D. Hulse, Charles V. Huew, William A. 
Jackson, William A. Johnson, Charles O. Johnson, Roy E. Jones, Joseph H. 
Knutson, Lewis W. Kay, George R. Longbreak, William H. McKinty, George 
McLaughlin, George R. Martin, Hugh K. Mullen, Arthur A. Metcalf, Ludvick 
Nelson, John A. Nelson, Mart J. Nelson, Albert Peterson, Charles A. Philblad, 
Howard L. Pettett, Frank M. Pierce, Charles R. Pendarvis, Jacobs S. Palmer, 

E. P. Peckenpaugh, Noble F. Potts, Charles J. Rose, Henry W. Raker, Henry 
C. Smith, William K. Steele, Robert J. Samuelson, Carl H. Schneider, Homer 
Spilman, James W. Stizer, Philip D. Sharpies, Con Sequist, Charles A. Sandburg, 
John Scott, Frank N. Steele, Andrew P. Fanning, Edwin F. Tracy, Benjamin 

F. Underwood, Leonard S. Wager, Warren Williamson, Jesse F. Wiley, Charles 
H. Winders, Charles F. Wade, Harry C. Woodard, Oscar S. Wilson, Clyde R. 
Westfall, Bert Wolf ; recruits, William P. Brown, Louis L. Cummings, William 
H. Dunlap, George W. Folley, Morton C. Freer, James S. Gentry, Fred C. 
Harms, James B. Heflin, Grant G. Hoofnagle, Frederick A. Knock, Claude W. B. 
Lindstrum, Ralph Matterson, David E. Moses, Harry S. Murphy, David Mur- 
phy, Dick W. Neely, Arthur C. Palmer, George V. Philblad, Herman H. Potter, 
LaFayette Ryan, Robert Spratt, Emerson Spence, John W. Thomas, James A. 
Weils and Thomas M. West. .. T .: 

Company D Captain, Frank W. Latimer; first lieutenant, Frank R. Trevor; 
second lieutenant, Leonidas T. Reagor ; first sergeant, James S. Barton ; sergeants, 
Albert R. Maginnis, J. Arthur Whitwan, William T. Johnson ; corporals, John H. 
Smith, Fred J. Fisher, Daniel H. Kennedy, William H. Birdsall, James R. Bacon, 
Max F. C. Stromlow ; privates, George E. Allen, Fred D. Armstrong, Glen C. 
Aiken, Ash A. Atkins, Charles A. Atkins, Frank L. Angler, Frank Bacon, Almen- 
dis B. Beard, Charles L. Bomfarden, Ed. S. Babcock, Seymour X. Briggs, 
George B. Burton, William H. Banty, John W. Cox, Arthur Cross, Frank Cra- 
mer, Charles H. Clark, William S. Carter, David E. Davis, Clarence V. Earll, 
Robert B. Edwards, Lemuel T. Earll, Edwin Flake, John W. Ferris, John J. 
Fickle, Mert Fletcher, James R. Goforth, George E. Cotch, Wilbur George, Lewis 
A. Harshbarger, Frank L. Henler, Charles Huddleston, James Handwright, 
Lester Hollister, Harry A. Johnson, Carl Jungstrom, James H. Jones, Edwin Ken- 
nedy, Albert Kennedy, Earl Klock, Bert C. King, John G. Kreig, John F. Leigh, 
Albert Linstrom, Adelbert D. Lewis, Harry E. Melvin, Grant F. Moore, Byron 
Merritt, David J. Nordwall, James W. Oman, Charles Peabody, Arthur E. Pea- 
cock, Frank Purdy. William H. Pierce, William L. Robinson, Edward A. Robin- 
son, Guy Robinson, John M. Rankin, Joe Shipplett, Ira C. Swartz, Sargeant 
Scanlan, Nile E. Stewart, John Stevenson, Harry Tyner, Arthur B. Wright, 
Dale A. Woolley, Walter Woods, Harry Weston, Roy Wallis, Walter H. Ward ; 
recruits, William A. Adams, Philip O. Bowman, Frank W. Boynton, Edward H. 



;^: ; ;: ; ; . : '<. 'j; ::. - , , HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :^:f 245 

Brandt, Lawrence E. Clarke, Maurice L. Carr, John W. Dailey, Louis F. De- 
, Hass, Oria Harmon, Lester D. Hittle, Leander W. Hoy, George D. Judson, 
/; Norman Litchfield, Charlie B. Moore, Clarence L. Miller, John L. Newkirk, 
Frank C. Philbrook, Charles C. Paul, Frank W. Peterson, Isaac P. Powell, Fred 
E. Ross, Roy V. Spencer, Frank Scanlan, Judson S. Taylor, George E. Temple. 
This regiment was ordered to Springfield April 26, 1898, and mustered into 
the service for two years May ii, 1898. Left Springfield, Illinois, May 17, 1898, 
by rail to Camp Russel A. Alger, Virginia, arriving May 20, 1898. Remaining 
until July 5, 1898, when regiment left by rail for Charleston, South Carolina, 
arriving July 6, 1898. Companies E, F and I embarked on board U. S. S. Colum- 
bia, Company A embarked on board U. S. S. Yale, July 8, 1898, for Cuba, arriv- 
ing at Santiago, July 13, 1898. Companies B, C, G, H, K and L embarked on 
U. S. S. Rita July lo, 1898, arriving at Santiago July 15, 1898. Companies D 
and M embarked on board Transport No. 21 July 21, 1898, arriving at Ponce 
Porto Rico July 27, 1898. The troops did not disembark at Cuba, at Sibony, 
July i6, 1898, Guantanomo Bay July i8th and 2Oth, at Baigniri July 20, 1898, 
returned to Guantanomo Bay July 21, 1898. Sailed from Guantanomo Bay July 
21, 1898, for Porto Rico, arriving at Guanica, Porto Rico, July 25, 1898. In 
camp at Guanica until July 30, 1898. Company G in action July 26, 1898, four 
miles from Guanica. The regiment marched from Guanica to Youco, July 30, 
1898. Marched from Youco to Tallaboia July 31, 1898. Marched from Tallaboia 
to Ponce August i, 1898. In camp at Ponce until August 9, 1898, when regi- 
ment marched to Guaragnos. Left Guaragnos and marched four miles over the 
mountain August lo, 1898. Advanced to Adjuntas August nth. In camp at 
Adjuntas until August i6, 1898, when regiment marched to Utuado. In camp 
at Utuado until August 26th, when regiment returned to Adjuntas. Left Adjun- 
tas August 28, 1898, and marched to Ponce. In camp at Ponce until September 
7, 1898, when the regiment embarked on board U. S. S. Monitoba at Port Ponce. 
Arrived at Weehawken, New Jersey, September 13, 1898. Left Weehawken by 
rail for Springfield, Illinois, arriving at the latter place September i6, 1898. In 
camp at Springfield, Illinois, until September 22, 1898, when the various com- 
panies left by rail for their respective home stations under G. O. No. 130, A. G. O. 
The regiment was mustered out at Springfield, Illinois, November 25, 1898. 
The two Knox county companies were through the war with this regiment. 
Battery B volunteered but was not accepted as only one battery of artillery was 
taken from the state. During the same year the battery was called into service 
at Springfield, Pana and Virden during the coal strike and received the thanks 
of the governor for efficiency. The battery was out altogether about six weeks. 
The members of the battery were as follows: Captain, Charles C. Craig; first 
lieutenant, Frank C. Henry ; second lieutenants, John F. Hamilton and William 
W. Smith ; sergeants, Lewis W. Patric, Guy P. Williams, Armor Moreland, James 
Temple, Fred W. Smith ; quartermaster sergeant, Edward C. Branham ; com- 
missary sergeant, Buford N. Stoner; stable sergeant, John E. Maley; corporals, 
James E. Davis, William F. Love joy, Fred C. Remier, Albert F. Scogland, George 
W. Flynn, Leroy A. Scudder, Howard A. Freer, John B. Bridge; musicians, 
Roy L. Martin and Friend L. Smith; privates, Norman C. Allen, Fred L. An- 
drews, Jay Addleman, John O. Barton, Charles S. Brown, Orvie Bone, Ward J. 
Carley, Frank W. Crain, Ben S. Carpenter, Fred C. Clay, Fred Cookley, Clyde 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



: Culver, Robert Dial, Charles Dickerson, Earl R. Futhey, Albert Gail, Otis Goflf, 

. Charles Hendricks, Mark Hendryx, Frank A. Hawkinson, Henry H. Hawkinson, 

John A. Hovvland, William Harris, Charles A. Healey, Morgan N. James, Kirk 

M. Johnson, Rupert F. Kinsloe, Neal J. Kirk, Joseph E. Krotter, Albert C. Lar- 

: son, Lewis L. Larson, Robert R. McKee, Edward L. Nolan, Henry W. Norton, 

George F. Orgibet, Alfred E. Osterberg, James C. Morris, Jesse E. Paden, Charles 

A. Pierce, Roy L. Sanford, Reuben W. Scudder, Roy H. Short, Fred R. Springer, 

Fred F. Smith, George H. Smith, Guy D. Tuttle, George E. Treadwell, Roy E. 

.. Thompson, John H. Williams, John M. B. Wachs, Hugh E. Weeks, Rollin Waters, 

James E. Howard, Frank Robinson, Harry G. Hull, James F, Ludlow. I - 

> In addition to the foregoing organization the following served in Battery A 

from this state: 

; Gustaf J. Kohler, Clyde W. Beson, Charles M. Colkins, Henry C. Hill, Joseph 

Krother, Rolla Mount and W. W. McConnell, Ervin Hunt, H. E. Stecker and 
Chauncy Cooke of the Third United States Engineers and several others from 
Knox county served in the regular army and navy and organizations from other 
states besides those already mentioned. 

In 1899 Captain McGirr and Captain Latimer were both appointed captains 

. in the United States volunteers and Captain McGirr enlisted several men in the 

. county, which he took with the Forty-fifth volunteer infantry to serve in the 

Philippines. Captain Latimer served as captain in the United States volunteers. 

Battery B after being in the state service many years was mustered out in 

1907. At this writing the only military organization in the county is Company C 

of the Sixth Regiment, Illinois National Guard, commanded by Captain Roy C. 

r Wright, First Lieutenant Alfred E. Nuller, Second Lieutenant James E. Davis. 

It is impossible in this brief sketch to give the individual records of Knox 

county soldiers, or to narrate their experiences and adventures; to do so, inter- 

/ esting as it would be, would take many volumes. [;.;,. : 

The record of achievements of the soldiers of Knox county is a part of the 

honorable history of our great state of Illinois, and of the United States. No 

community has a prouder history of brave men and noble women. To the women 

war was all sorrow and suffering. I.; . s . I '... 

The people of Knox county in war and in peace have acted well their part. 

; May our future history be as honorable as our past. 



KNOX COUNTY VOLUNTEERS 



ABBREVIATIONS 



Adjt. Adjutant Con Consolidated 

Art Artillery Cav Cavalry 

Col Colonel Capd Captured 

Capt Captain Desrtd Deserted 

Corpl Corporal Dis Disability 

Comsy Commissary Disch Discharged 

Com Commissioned Ex Expired 



;C ?:::-.-:< HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . >' 247 

E ..... ......... . ........... Enlisted Pro ......... . ............. Promoted 

Hos ....................... Hospital Regt ...................... Regiment 

Inf ........................ Infantry Re-E .................... Re-Enlisted 

KM .......................... Killed Res ....................... Resigned 

Lieut .................... Lieutenant Sergt ...................... Sergeant 

Maj ......................... Major Trans ................... Transferred 

M. O .................. Mustered out Vet ........................ Veteran 

Pris ....................... Prisoner Wd ..... . ................. Wounded 

,/ -,!-."-^ ;-"V-/.^'-. .c-'-^-'..;"-":'-':'% v:!;' ;;' TTH INFANTRY ':;.;;; vy'-\v-" ' V; .;; '.:^:-"v .-, / '' 
'/:.'.'..'-':'".: ."'v''v- ';";':'>;;/; COMPANY D ':'-:'.'';';'.; .^'^ ' '.'.,"' '''"A-' ='-^;:^ 

First Lieutenant :;:.,.:.>. 

"Y Flint, Solomon F., Galesburg, e. July 25, 1864, m. o. July 9, 1865. :'-.',; 

' COMPANY E ._ . _,. ^,. .'.'";-', '.^ 

Walton, James H., Yates City, e. Feb. 12, 1862. ,-^^:;':-^"- ' <; -' v:r \^' ' : 

./:;.:-.'-. '.,.-'-.:--. ^..'^-:-, , COMPANY I , ;.;;; 

'. Jarnagin^ Spencer L., Oneida, e. Oct. i, i86i, died Mound City, Dec. 15, 1862. 
', Lynch, Francis M., Oneida, e. Oct. i, i86i. 

Morman, Michael, Oneida, e. Oct. i, i86i. ;. 

;' Pitts, Francis G., Oneida, e. Oct. i, i86i, died Monterey, Tenn., June 14, 1862. 

Shannan, Samuel, Oneida, e. Oct. i, i86i. : ,. -..->, 

' ' ' '.'".' /i- '';'- ', ''' 

/;':..': ..'.' v -.'.-.'; JV'. ; ^^' 8TH INFANTRY "' -^ ''-';; s-^''^" 

Graybam, Robt., Knoxville, e. Sept. 22, 1864, disch. Sept. 21, 1865. r../.^' ' 
v; Brittian, J., Galesburg, e. April 17, 1865, m. o. May ii, 1865. ;; - r 
Doyle, Michael, Galesburg, e. April 17, 1865. .._, ' ''. -'^ -.- 

Green, J., Galesburg, e. April 17, 1865. ~ ' ;:-;Y; . p 

Harvey, Wm., Altona, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. Aug. lo, 1865. ' ^ -..' 



. INFANTRY ..- 

.'''.;' ''' ' ' -' ,: - .^.^\^ v..'-. COMPANY B --.:'-': 
; Gill, Henry, Knoxville, e. Feb. 23, 1864. ^S^-%; 

'';'',' .":".-':'/.>',>'.'''': !^- ">::' .= >':'r 

'''." ';.'."- ":-.-' ' .\- :'-'-y: < COMPANY c .n ./-v: 

'' ' ' " ' -....-... . Musician "" """ ...... ...... ' ^.~:- 

Patrick, Benj. F., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, disch. Nov. 21, 1862, dis. ,; 

Privates i^v :';:: 

Codding, Geo. S., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, m. o. Aug. 31, 1864. .-.;..';' 
Ferry, James H., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865. jv.; ' 
Huffmire, Wm. B., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i. . . ! . > -^' ;::vv 
Hubbard, E. R., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, trans, to regular army Dec. 25, 

1862. . ^ 

James, Wm. D., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, disch. Sept 12, 1862. dis. 
Morris, Wm., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., died Feb. 3, 1865, of wounds. 
: Nixon, P. O. C., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865, corpl. 






248 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Pettingill, Samuel C., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865, corpl. 

Randall, Orville, Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865, corpl. 

Skevin, Jacob C., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i. 

Schneider, Henry, Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, m. o. July 4, 1865. i .. .. 

Ford, Wm., Galesburg, e. June i, 1864, vet., sick in hospital, m. o. of regt. . , 

Hall, Harmon W., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865. /V 

Lewis, James W., Galesburg, e. Aug. 17, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865. . ' ; 

Craft, T. H., Galesburg, e. Sept. 13, i86i, died Feb. 21, 1863. 

Gee, Henry, Knoxville, e. Feb. 23, 1864, m. o. July 4, 1865. ; ; 

Goodell, Benj., Knoxville, e. Feb. 24, 1864, m. o. July 4, 1865. " 

Girrard, John L., Knoxville, e. Feb. 24, 1864, m. o. July 4, 1865. 

Howard, Wm., Galesburg, e. Sept. 15, i86i. 

Hankey, C. F., Galesburg, e. Sept. 12, i86l, vet., pro. 2d lieut., m. o. July 4, 

1865. ; ,-. ::;-. ,-:<; -;.;--.-..-- 

James, W. D., Galesburg, e. Feb. 23, 1864, disch. Jan. 27, 1865, dis. 
Lewis, J. W., Galesburg, e. Sept. 5, i86i, vet., m. o. July 4, 1865. , 
Moon, Job, Knoxville, e. Feb. 22, 1864, m. o. July 4, 1865. 
Middleton, J. A., Knoxville, e. Sept. 7, i86i, trans, to regular army. 
Packard, W. W., Knoxville, e. Feb. 23, 1864, m. o. June 26, 1865. 1 
St. Clair, A., Knoxville, e. Feb. 23, 1864, m. o. July 4, 1865. .. _ . 

\;-'=^;:- ' I4TH INFANTRY (REORGANIZED) :.\ , .' > ;; 

"'.//' '_^~''^.. \. _ . ,-. . .' COMPANY C " :-'-.^;;'';v:-;;--X^ './'-*; 

'^; '"' '' .. - ''.',.' Privates " '"'-'-'^ '-'.! '-'V. ^'';'-;' /'..''^ 

Atherton, Wm. B., Lynn., e. Feb. 24, 1865. v'; i' -% .: U'y > ' ? - 

Bell, G. W., Truro, e. Feb. 22, 1865, m. o. July 31^ 1865. . ;-; \ ; /; ;; 
Baldwin, G., Lynn, e. Feb. 24, 1865, m. o. June 13, 1865. 
Caldwell, H., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 
Jones, J. E., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. ;'i -' 
Johnson, Wm., Lynn, e. Feb. 28, 1865. ,>7 .- 

Kinmouth, O. F., Lynn, e. Feb. 27, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. '' 
Harper, James, Rio, e. March i6, 1865. - 

Rakestraw, R., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Sept. i, 1865. 
Stuckey, J., Sparta, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. ; , V ^ . ' 
Shepherd. Jas., Rio, e. March i6, 1865. 

White W., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 21, 1862, m. o. May 29, 1865. ;: ; ^ , . 
Welch, I., Lynn, e. Feb. 24, 1865, m. o. May 23, 1865. j V.' 

COMPANY F ., : : ";.,:'' ^/'^I'v /'. ;: 

Heflin, Martin, Galesburg, e. Jan. i, 1864, vet., m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. ': 

' ."^^..{'4;?- '.,.,-' ' '-. ' " COMPANY G . ' ..;''''^A''-J--'':-vA';' ''>v;'- 

;''v^?^'^^.: '^ ' First Sergeant . /'-. \:: '.:-'.' v ::.' 

Bramell, Wm. H., Copley, e. Feb. i6, 1865, pro. 2d lieut., m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

;' , ... ':^ Corporals ' ./.^ 'r -' '-,.:/\ 

Hurlburt, George F., Salem, e. Feb. 15, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865, sergt. 



:^;:^^;- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY '% :., 249 

Fry, John, Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865. ; ; vV^ ,^ - ^ w'i'n-;^/-:^- / V 

Kelly, John, Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. --'^^f-:-,' -J!:.'^^'':?^.-.' 

-., .. . Privates ..> ; 

Bowen, George G., Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865, pro. corpl, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

Beck, Jacob, Walnut Grove, e. Feb. 17, 1865, m. o. June 19, 1865. 

Baker, Geo. W., Ontario, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. v..^' ..:;:. 

Bell, George, Ontario, e. Feb. i6, 1865, disch. July 17, 1865. 

Bruninger, G., Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. ' / 

Bleikner, Henry, Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865. . , . . : 

Brown, Henry, Copley, e. Feb. i6, 1865. :..'''. , . 

Chapman, Wm. H., Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865. : -': - .;. 

Denin, Peter, Haw Creek, e. Feb. 13, 1865. ,'. 

Doty, J. W., Elba, e. Feb. i6, 1865, disch. July 17, 1865, dis. 

Derby, J. W., Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865, corpl. 

Doering, D. J., Copley, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

Fishback, Killian, Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865. '. , . . 

Harris, Jas. A., Ontario, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Aug. 8, 1865. 

Harsh, Jacob W., Salem, e. Feb. 15, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

Hogan, Timothy J., Haw Creek, e. Feb. 13, 1865. 

Hall, James, Truro, e. Feb. 13, 1865. . .* 

Johnson, Harmon, Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865. 

Kirtner, David H., Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865, disch. July 17, 1865, dis. 

Kock, Geo., Salem, e. Feb. 15, 1865, m. o. June 19, 1865. 

Lynch, John, Haw Creek, e. Feb. 13, 1865. :/ 

Noel, Jackson, Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865. ;:-*- .; 

Norris, Edward, Haw Creek, e. Feb. 13, 1865. , r:; 

Oltman, Geo., Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. ''. 

Ries, Michael, Ontario, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

Rotterman, Frank, Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. 16, 1865. 

Shutts, James, Copley, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. July 19, 1865. 

Strattan, Wm., Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. June 20, 1865. 

Schneider, Joseph, Ontario, e. Feb. i6, 1865, died March 6, 1865. 

Strasberger, Jacob, Orange, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

Sands, John H., Sparta, e. Feb. i6, 1865. ' : v 

Jr ; /' Smith, William, Salem, e. Feb. i6, 1865. ^; : ;v. : 

/' : ;. Woodruff, J. H., Salem, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. . 
^ V : White, Wm. L., Haw Creek, e. Feb. i6, 1865. 

';'/ ^'.----^ .:'-..;';. --v- V;. ..-, .;.v:,.-.. . COMPANY H '^^*- '^'- V ; ' . x'' 

;; 'v;": ;.":;. \: First Lieutenant ;; 

. ;: ' ; Snow, Corydon P., Sparta, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. ; 

''-'' >'.\ ;; 'r>H>.-- ,' . ,.; ' r''<;:.v.'' ''' Musician . ;^.. :,, .^- 

V . Brown, W. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 17, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 

-.: ':-^- .. 

;''.':.:?..:;/::'''' "-^ '-" '^.':.''^'"-^.'-"'^ ^ Sergeant - ,"', - . .v-' 

,._.., .-^ .. . C7 

V-V. Price, Emerson J., Cedar, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. June 19, 1865. 



250 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY , ~" 

^ ''-''... I--'': Corporals ' ''.-- 

Vincent, Wm. G., Lynn., e. Feb. 27, 1865, pro. sergt., m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 
.; Sweely, Michael, Victoria, e. Feb. i8, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1866. 

;.'' .: ' ' ^ : :'- ^- Privates ' " " ' '' '"'''^-:'-;^;^ /*.-"';'' 

Astell, N. J., Cedar, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Aug. 8, 1865. '.;^-o:^-;./ ;: 
Hammar, Sam'l J., Cedar, e. Feb. 21, 1865, died March 31, 1865. . , 
Parker, Chas. W., Cedar, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. May 23, 1865. 
Peters, Julius, Victoria, e. Feb. i8, 1865, m. o. Sept. i6, 1865. 
Yocum, Wm. M., Knox, e. Feb. 17, 1865, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

; '':,.,;,'/.' ; . / ;. , ; i6TH INFANTRY ':,'-;' '^v'-; :"':'' .\-;; 

COMPANY A 

Spencer, Brainard T., Galesburg, e. Feb. 2, 1864, absent on furlough at m. o. . 
of regt. 

'"'".-' ' COMPANY F .'_;.,., 'V;-;^V.'^-'-V ''"' 

. : , Recruit '-''' "..-:'.; ^-r'.'.-'--'-^...''': ' 

Blue, Harrison, Knoxville, e. Feb. i8, 1864. : . ^- - . 

". : ''''' ' . j^Tjj INFANTRY " '' " " '' ' ' '" " ' 

The i7th Reg. 111. Inf. Vols. were mustered into the United States service 
at Peoria, 111., on the 24th day of May, i86i. Left for Alton, 111., late, in July, 
proceeded to St. Charles, thence to Warrenton, Mo., where it remained about ; 
two weeks. The regiment left Warrenton for St. Louis and embarked on ' 
transports for Bird's Point, Mo. ; thence to Sulphur Springs Landing ; debarking, .^ 
went to Pilot Knob, Mo., in pursuit of Gen. Jeff Thompson, and joined Prentice's :; 
command at Jackson, Mo., thence to Kentucky and aided in the construction of . 
Fort Holt. Was then ordered to Cape Girardeau and were again sent in pursuit 
of Jeff Thompson; participated in the engagement near Greenfield; returned to ^ 
Cape Girardeau and performed provost duty until February, 1862. Were then 
ordered to Fort Henry; participated in that engagement and Fort Donelson, .: 
losing several men killed, wounded and taken prisoners. Soon after went to ;^; 
Pittsburg Landing and was assigned to the army of West Tennessee ; engaged . 
in the battle of the 6th and 7th of April, suffering great loss in killed and . .;' 
wounded; was in the advance to Corinth; after the evacuation of Corinth \! ' 
marched to Jackson, Tenn. ; remained until July, when they were ordered to ., .- 
Bolivar, where they remained until November, 1862, participating during the . :^ 
time in the expedition to luka to reinforce Gen. Rosecrans, where they were ' . : - 
engaged in the battle of the Hatchie; marched to Lagrange, Tenn.; the middle . ; 
of November, reporting to Gen. John A. Logan, and were assigned to duty ... 
as provost guard. Early in December marched to Holly Springs, via Abbyville ' ; 
and Oxford. After the battle of Holly Springs were assigned to Gen. Mc- 
Pherson's command, then proceeded to Moscow, Collierville and Memphis, and :\ ; 
were assigned to duty at the navy yard, remaining until June i6, then embarking .. ' > 
for Vicksburg, re-embarking for Lake Providence, La., where they remained . .: 
until the investment of Vicksburg began. Went to Milliken's Bend, May i, com- , " N 
menced the march across the Delta to Pekin's Landing, advanced with McPher- ' i; 






'-NvW-':: ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY fV^ ;;;:J' 251 

son's command to the final investment of Vicksburg. After the surrender of 
that city, remained there, making frequent incursions into the enemy's country 
until May, 1864, the term of service expiring on the 24th of May of that year. 

The regiment was ordered to Springfield, 111., to muster out, when those who 
had not re-enlisted as veterans, received their final discharge. A sufficient number 
not having enlisted to entitle them to retain their regimental organization, were 
consolidated with the 8th 111. Inf., and were finally mustered out with that regi- 
ment in the Spring of 1866. ' 

There were 131 men from this county in the I7th, 4 were killed, 3 wounded, 8 
died, i taken prisoner, v^;."\ '..-.. -:; 



;/,:.: .-. :. : /: .- Licutenant-C oloHel v. .- , T-.- -'' 

;',.-'.'. Smith, Francis M., Galesburg, e. i86i, term expired June, 1864. :-.,'"...,; ^- -. , 

r,;\. ;;,;;; Chaplain. 

.:. ; ' Kingsbury, Sanford A., Galesburg, e. Dec. 23, i86i, term expired June, 1864. 

-"'' -'''.' '.''-i' ' ', \'^-'V ;^^';'..'': COMPANY c .'>'- v-/-'X;v-.',. '.'::"'';:---;'"';'> 
'- \ -'/'----":'...''';' V'" .'"'^ ;';. Privates ' '-;/'.:>' ''-' ."''. ?-^'; '.'';./'! 

Allen, Cyrus, St. Augustine, e. May 25, i86i, pro. 2d lieut., term expired 
.June, 1864. , .. ;,-.,.. ;.;.;.., 

; Babbett, Joel, St. Augustine, e. May 25, i86i. ' ' -! .:'j:V ';; l^!;. ;V'^; 

Combs, John T., Maquon, e. May 25, i86i. -- , v '. _ :o 

Fry, John, Maquon, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Aug. 7, 1862. ',:' ' ; :^ 

:: , Hughes, George, Maquon, May 25, i86i. - - . .^- .-j 

V: . McGrew, John L., Maquon, e. May 25, i86i, disch. June 12, 1862. -'.''".{/. 
'.; Robinson, Barney J., St. Augustine, e. May 25, i86i. .; ' 



' Ruble, George, Maquon, e. June i, i86i. -';:.'..^ , ..; ' 

f ; Stinyard, Augustus, Yates City, e. June i, 1861, disch. Sept. 30, i86i, dis. .v.V: -; "^ ' ' 

'.; ^^>-; .,-.... \';.:\ ' ,'", V-S.'-;-"'': '; COMPANY D /;. w.'::;;;-,^'-:. ;; - :::-^-^~--\^^---":: ,^: .'' "^,' 
. ';\ . 0- '' '.v '- .''^j' '^ ^-'v'v' -': . Sergeant '->/'. '^.^.-^- -'.-.'/:' . ...''': \:-.':f'~^ ':.-.- \: ''/' 
;.:. Green, Sanford M., Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, disch. April 28, 1862, dis. .-iVr; ;.'.'.;:'> 



. ' , ' ' Corporals 

Mathews, A. Curtis, Altona, e. May 25, i86i, pro. ist lieut, resigned Feb. i8, , . ' 

A:^, 1863. ' : -v/ --':' -^-'V "';-.:''/.:- :- ' :-'-r;: ::''::';:>'.:'; >::...:-'^-- 

.V ; Davis, John W., Wataga, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May 13, 1862. V^;' .--{;;;;:*. 

V\ /'r'"' ' ' ' ' ' Musicians " ' '" ' ' '" '-V'.^":'" ^ '\--i-' .-:' 

:i : V Pippin, Barnett M., Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, disch. March 29, 1862, dis.^'^;^>^V :^ %; ; 

'..-:''' '' ^^. :'' '^V'-;'-^ ..''''' -'':"': -'^^ ': ' : , .:;^--^^";;'.'. .._ ,11 ;.'';:,; f, .; ..i' 

V V:' -"-.':- .-:.-^' :'!'."-;''' '''^, ;''.;:- Privates : '-..'^/'.;."'-)'''-;.'-/;'!": ;. .'''/-';^ 

..-:'> Brooks, Benjamin F., Victoria, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Oct. 25, 1862, dis. 1 ,/ .. 



. . '' ''.-'.'''':.:.'.. .''';.'* r-^:''.'/' '-^- ' ^':"'^..-'-; "..;?! -f. ;-','':- i ' ' '. . ' /' ".-.''v^^ . ..A." -:"';'.':;.''' .^' 
.^ ''.:' J- .'.; -v^. .;/;..', _.;'. .-.' ^.'."v '\ '.;;;'-.''./'-.'. .^', i. V ';'';. . '' ' . -i ^' : ^^'i' .!^v'- .' ' 
>\-'..' ; V- _..-,- . -- ..!. -.-j- ..;.. .. : -,.;:,. -.'. :...; :,- - ':, , :.-,; .>::.->' 



252 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Beggs, Adonijah, Oneida, e. May 25, 1861, disch. June 13, 1862, dis, ; - 

Flemsburg, Henry, Altona, e. May 25, i86i, died May 19, 1862. i : V 

Guliher, Jason D., Knoxville, e. May 25, i86i. 

Harrington, Isaac J., Victoria, e. May 25, i86i, disch. April 30, 1862, dis. 

Harvey, John C., Altona, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Oct. 24, 1862, dis. = . - 

Jewell, Charles, Victoria, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May 15, 1862, dis. 

Kellogg, Charles, Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, accidentally killed March i8, 1862. 

McVicker, Alexander, Altona, e. May 25, i86i. 

Moore, William, Altona, e. May 25, i86l. . : V;. , - 

Mitchell, Joseph H., Altona, e. May 25, i86i. 

Newton, Orlo C., Altona, e. May 25, i86i. . 

Olson, William C., Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Sept. 4, 1862, wounds. 

Risling, Samuel, Altona, e. May 25, i86i, kid. at Fort Donelson, Feb. 13, 1862. 

Rogers, Jackson J., Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May 2, 1862, dis. 

Reynolds, John W., Victoria, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Nov. 4, i86i, dis. 

Strong, John C., Altona, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May 13, 1862. 

Teter, David W., Altona, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Dec. 20, 1862, dis. 

Wales, Otis A., Altona, e. May 25, i86i. 

Wyman, Cornelius, Victoria, e. May 25, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. E, 8th Inf. 

Walrath, Abraham E., Altona, e. May 25, i86i, disch. June 14, 1862, dis. 

Wedge, D. A., Victoria, e. May 25, i86i, vet. . . 

'"- ' ' ' Recruits "' ' -' ' ^ ' ,' 

Harvey, William H., Altona, Aug. lo, i86i, term ex. Aug. lo, 1865. 

Johnson, Jonas, Wataga, e. Jan. 22, 1864, disch. June 3, 1865, dis. 

Ruch, Phillip J., Altona, e. May 25, i86i, trans, to Co. E, 8th Inf., pro . corpl., 
m. o. May 4, 1866. , . 

Teter, Solomon C., Altona, e. June 17, i86i, m. o. June 24, 1864. 

Wales, Edwin M., Altona, e. Nov. 20, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. F, 8th Inf., pro. 
sergt., m. o. May 4, 1866. : V ^;' ': ,\','w.v-, , ' - 

' .;\',v'J'i.'--; ' .-, 'COMPANY E . .''' :,V' vN"'; ;;.",';;;.;- 

: .--/-' if V '. , ; Captains ;. '/'', [-T-." :;^' '-'-..'.,.': ' 

Smith, Francis M., Galesburg, e. April 19, i86i, pro. to Heut. col. . 
Harding, Roderick R., Galesburg, e. May 20, i86i, res. May 15, 1862. 
Smith, George C., Galesburg, e. May 15, 1862, res. Feb. i6, 1863. 
Merrill, William J., Galesburg, e. Feb. i6, 1863, term ex. June, 1864. 

First Lieutenants / : :V; ' :.: 

Beswick, James C., Galesburg, e. May 20, i86i. ; 

Clough, David, Galesburg, e. Feb. i6, 1863, term ex. June, 1864. 

. .v^' ' Second Lieutenant /; - .v 'y ;, - 

Wells, John H., Galesburg, e. Feb. i6, 1863, term ex. June, 1864. . 

" ' First Sergeant .. 

Sumner, Harlan P., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. March 29, 1862, dis. 



. ; V : -^Jvv - :<: " M HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ J ) 253 

'''''''' 'f'"'''' ' --'^ '-. -^ ; v; '--.:. -^\:--V-\' Sergeants '.;.:>;;..>:;; ; . -'J.^.;- '"'>':' ' ..--^ 

. Matteson, Chas. F., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. : V ; ..:'^; 

,. , Willard, George B., Gilson, e. May 25, i86i, vet., trans, to 8th Inf. y :f: ' ... 

- ' ' . V ,'- 't - -' .i , 

^^ ./.':.-.';- : ' ..'''' -'..^ 'V. Corporals '. ^-'x''v?- -^-^ ^.-- '''' ^ -' '' i. -^ 

. Ewing, John C., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. April 24, 1862, dis. " 

Dorman, Dolan, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. : . ,.. ' 

. Brand, Emerson, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May 12, 1862. ---..:-.; 
Burtch, Horace, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. .- ,L '- 

Hughes, Wesley, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ",:'; ' _ ' - 

Smith, Theodore A., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. \ ;'-.. :J" i - 

,; , ^ Norene, Nelson P., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ;>y-5^ :^ ^ A; ,; V\ '" ^ .; 

;: ' '' " "^'^' ' ' ' '' '":''' -'-^ Musician '"'-"':;';-'<:.;'/. -../'. ''.'^'^ ;,'':?? ^"^ 
/ Filmore, Addison J., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. \(^" ' '/ - ^/- ^ ^ 

'.,":..';'' ;':/-'; ^' Privates >'.-'."'- 

. * '*' .~ .'-: ; - .- ' r ' 

; - Andrews, Samuel J. M., Galesburg. e. May 25, i86i, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
'. , Boam, Benjamin E., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. :- 

Butler, Solon, Abingdon, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Nov. i, i86i, dis. ' , ;: 

-v Brothers, Franklin M., Henderson, e. May 25, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. E., 
^ 8th Inf. .;,: 

Benton, George W., Henderson, e. May 25, i86i, died April 9, 1862, wounds. 

Beam, Samuel D., Abingdon, e. May 25, i86i, discharged May i6, 1862. 
. : Baker, Torralio, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. '. v 

Brown, Henry C., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, kid. at Vicksburg, July 4. 1863. 
;- Beswick, William, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. .,,...,.- ;::., -.:..-. 

" Busby, Thomas B., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ';;;:-/-: /->/;''>';;: 

;, Carson, Edward, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ' . . v . 

Courtney, George, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. June 17, 1862, dis. '-i 

Colville, Robert, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May i6, 1862, dis. .. 

Colbourn, John, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, kid. at Fort Donelson, Feb. 
'.; ; 13. 1862. 

Coe, Edward D., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ^' - - .' . 
/- Dunham, Mulford E., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, kid. at Fort Donelson, Feb. 

'f- 13, 1862. ... :..,..,,, 

'.> Erickson, Oloff, Galesburg, e. May 25. i86i, disch. May i6, 1862. ? ;> 
Frantz, Christian, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. . ,? . 

Griffer, Joseph, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Dec. 20. 1862. . ., V^ . 

. . Graham, Joseph, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. July 24. i86i. ;:::'-: 

Goddard, E. Miles, Galesburg, e. May 25. i86i, vet., m. o. May 28, 1866. v. . ; 

'V Gallant, Lloyd, Galesburg. e. May 25, i86i. ,.; ' "x. 

' Gillett, W. Jasper, Abingdon, e. May 25, i86i. :.:'^. -'- ; ' '- v.; -^i^;- : 

Hughes, George, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. \ - . i- . .V ;-> 

Hughes, Albert S., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. . :-^ ^k 

>: Hicks, Mason M., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May i6, 1862. ' . . v 

['': Johnston, John C., Henderson, e. May 25, i86i. ;..' 4;! : = 1 



254 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



; Judson, Franklin, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ::.- .>-..';: 
: Jackson, William R., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, died April 8, 1862. 
.' ' Lock, Alfonzo, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. 

.V^ Lane, Elias F., Henderson, e. May 25, i86l. V;^ >''.' .- 

' Landon, Merrill R., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ' 

'. Lanni, August, Galesburg e. May 25, i86i. :-. . ' 

' ; Leran, Charles, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. March 31, 1862. 

Miles, John A., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ' 

Moore, Rufus H., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. April 24, 1862, dis. - 
; i Ostron, John H., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, trans, to gunboat service Feb. 
2, 1862. ,.;-.;, -.: . 

Olson, Charles, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. 
. Potter, Andrew J., Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, disch. July 30, 1862. 

Samuels, Jno. L., Henderson, e. May 25, i86i, drowned Nov. 21, i86i. '. 
Simcox, Robert, Henderson, e. May 25, i86i, disch. June 13, 1862. | ^ " 
'- Stokes, Horace, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. Dec. 13. 1862. \ 

Swanson, A. Swan, Oneida, e. May 25, i86i, disch. April 28, 1862. ./ 

Spinner, Joseph F., Oneida, e. May 25, i86l, disch. Aug. 2, 1862. .' 

Thompson, Alexander, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. May i6, 1862, dis. ri- 
Temple, John, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ; . 

'; VanBremer, Benjamin, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86l. ' : ' 
' Vertrees, Chas. M., St. Augustine, e. May 25, 1861. - - . ' 
West, Julius B., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. '. 

Woolen, Robert, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, trans, to gunboat Feb. 2, 1862. 

/.-.^--i'''; '. : . : . ' --. Recruits ^^; ':''- '>V.-.':-: '--.' ' /']-.[:', ^ 

Barrell, George W., Galesburg, e. March 28, 1862. 

Booten, John W., Abingdon, e. Dec. ii, 1863, trans, to Co. B, 8th Inf., m. o. 
May 4, 1866. 

Carpenter, Benjamin F., Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, died April 12, 1862. . ' 

Fitch, Harman, Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i. : -. ''',. ; . . 

Graham, Joseph, Henderson Grove, e. Feb. 6, 1862. 
' Kilpatrick, Joseph, Oneida, e. June 15, i86i, disch. April 30, 1862, dis. 
, Levin, Charles, Galesburg, e. Jan. 5. 1864, m. o. May 28, 1866. 

Lawson, William, Galesburg, e. Jan. 5, 1864, trans, to Co. B, 8th Inf., died 

Oct. 1, 1865. ' . : : ; 

Linn, James H., Gilson, e. May 25, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. E, 8th Inf., m. o. 
May 28, 1866. 

Long, Edwin G., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, died Feb. 21, 1862, wounds. T 

Moore, James H., Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, disch. Aug. 14, 1862. 

Rose, Albert, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. ; ? .;-;>;'. 

Stokes, Horace, Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. 

Slouson, Rufus L., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i, disch. June 17, 1862. 

Wells, John H., Galesburg. e. June 15, i86i. 

Parsons, Freeman, Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, pris. of war, m. o. Feb. 22, 1865. 

Walker, Thomas R., Galesburg, e. May 25, i86i. 

Flowers, William H., Galesburg, e. Dec. 2, 1863, trans, to Col. B, 8th Inf.,. 
died. April 13, 1865. 



;'''.;:;..;: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :;; .266 

':':''' '' '". >'-^X,'-^' ./'.''.''.:'' i'':;'..^, COMPANY i "^'r-';:V'U''V ' ' -.': ';'?'''.:'''';'-' .'^ *'?- \ :' 

'"''- "-"'' '''' First Lieutenant ,'..-;';"' .- ^- - ' "' V -".'.^ !' V'^ 

-.'- Glancey, Theodore, Abingdon, e. May 25, i86i, term ex. June, 1864. !; .: V : 

, ' ' Privates - - .. . -^^^ 

McGrath, Joseph V., Galesburg, e. Jan. 5, 1864, trans, to Co. A, 8th Inf., ;: , 
pro. corpl., m. o. May 4, 1866. v' 

Miles, Isaac O., North Henderson, e. Aug. 12, i86i, trans, to Co. A, 8th Inf., :':-' 
disch. Aug. II, 1864. ;.. : L:,r'. , ; , / '. ' V 

../ ';;; ''-A:' < 28TH INFANTRY;.;;- : ^'^.V -.;' : ^; ^- -;-.-...-, v.-'-^.;. 

-';' f - - - - - COMPANY G '" ' " ' ;. ;.''\''v-^. --''"' 

; Coates, Nathan, Truro, e. March 13, 1865, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. ..;/' 

' Martin, William H., Rio, e. March 14, 1865. !?; ;;V ''-.; ''--^ 

; McCarty, Edward, Rio, e. March 14, 1865. ;, .; r-- .;';;.;. :v1 ' ' ^' 

^^ McLean, David, Rio, e. March 14, 1865. .'::/^;V;^: . ;>.;;,,; :,;v^.. 

Powers, James, Rio, e. March 14, 1865. >^ - ^ ^^ . -'>;,/ ^ 

Riley, Charles, Rio, e. March 14, 1865. -^-^ ;' ^- .- ;^,'^:;: .:. 

Slow, John, Douglass, e. March 4, 1865, m. o. March 4, 1866. .-; ..' ' / 

Lowery. Albert H., Henderson, Co. H., e. March 13, 1865, m. o. March 13. " TV 

1866. , ' .....-.......,-,- .-;.,,.-..- . --v ..- ...;-:K;K ' 

' ',' ', ^'" \" : -^ '-; ' '":- .C 3OTH INFANTRY ^-:./''-' ' ";'J . -' -. -^'';' .'.''^.';^-;^-,v-"' j..' ./ 
----. -.:''-'. '^ '''-'.; ..I'"' ' COMPANY A 'AT\':'r' -";''/, - '." --v.^/^'Vi" '^v-:.; 
-,',-' -.:..::''' -;::.--''.'-. Sergeant -'--'".''.,-''' ' ^';'-"' ';^^'. 

Titus, Abner L., Knox Co., e. Aug. 12, i86i, disch. at Paducah, Feb. 27, 1862, V 
wounds. .;.^-.. -'';,;...;?:-:;/;,>.'--"'.<,- v:>;/.\.v. -', ';:..:'/:'- .'.;:':';': -- 

- ., Privates ^^-V-:'''^''i;:'>''-' 

Alexander, R., Abingdon, e. Aug. 12, i86i, vet., m. o. July 17, 1865. ; v 

; Goodnoch, E. C., Abingdon, e. Aug. i6, i86i, vet., m. o. July 17, 1865, sergt. .- 
Graw, E., Galesburg, e. Aug. 24, i86i, vet., m. o. July 15, 1865. ';.: 

Hanson, L. D., Abingdon, e. Aug. i6, i86i, vet, m. o. July 17, 1865, sergt. ; , t 
Rodgers, Albert, Abingdon, e. Aug. 21, i86i, m. o. Sept. 3, 1864. ,:'^ .:, 

Smith, John, Abingdon, e. Aug. 27, i86i, died Feb. 3, 1862. ;.'': ^;: 

Valentine, J., Abingdon, e. Aug. 12, 1861, disch. May 3, 1862, dis. <;;>' : 
' : Roe, Silas J., Indian Ft., e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 4, 1865. ' C. V . ' b 

- - ..': ' .. -.^' ' '.'.'. COMPANY G" ':>.;;..'.;>,: ;:.;'';:"; V ,1?^:"'' -i-i^'f 
. First Lieutenant ^ '. T . ; ';; ':\; 

McClure, John, Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, res. Sept. 15, 1864. v./C ^ .M 

- ' Captain ;'>,>..-;. ''.- r^v---- - ': 

Wolf, David H., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, vet, m. o. July 17, 1865. >'>, 

', - '--^ '/.'/':'' ''.'S -.:.': Corporals '^"'^:-::,y./-::'^.: : . -v y'^" ' '' -V/ C 

- Miller, Benj. F., Abingdon, e. Sept 30, i86i, m. o. ist sergt. -..''-';.;''-, ! 
' Logan, James A., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, pro. ist lieut i < ! 

Hurst, H. H., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, m. o. July 17, 1865, ist sergt..:j.;.A . .? - 



256 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



'-.- . .--,': Privates -''"''' '"'^'"''~-' ^"''''' ''^"" 

, Dodson, R., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, disch. April 15, 1862, dis. 
.; Purdue, J. W., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, died at Ft. Donelson, April 4, 1862. 
; ;. Ditts, J. W., Abingdon, e. Nov. 28, i86i. 

. : VVillett, D. B., Abingdon, e. Jan. 6, i86i, vet., m. o. July 17, 1865. 
/ Patterson, Aaron, Abingdon, e. Dec. i, i86i. 

Willett, T., Abingdon, e. Jan. 6, i86i, vet., m. o. July 17, 1865. V, 

330 INFANTRY 

Was organized at Campt Butler in i86i. Sept. 20, moved to Ironton, Mo., 
remained during the winter. March, 1862, moved with the command of Gen. 
Steele southward, passing into Arkansas at Pitman's Ferry, and marching via 
Pocahontas and Jacksonport to Batesville, where it joined Gen. Curtis' army; 
thence via Jacksonport, Augusta and Clarendon, to Helena. Was engaged in 
the battle of Cache, and in many skirmishes. At the battle of cotton plant, Co. A, 
on skirmish line, met and checked a charge of 2,000 Texan Rangers. 
: During July and August were camped 20 miles south of Helena, and en- 
gaged in eight expeditions up and down the river. Sept. i, was moved up 
the river to Sulphur Springs, and thence to Pilot Knob Nov. 15, moved to Van 
Buren, Ark. Made winter campaign in Southeast Missouri. Was ordered 
to Ste. Genevieve, Mo., where, with the command, it embarked for Milliken's 
Bend, La. Attached to the ist. Brig., ist. Div., i3th Army Corps, it was en- 
gaged in all its battles, participating in the battles of Fort Gibson, Champion 
Hills, Black River Bridge, assault and siege of Vicksburg and the siege of Jack- 
son. In August, moved to New Orleans with i3th Corps. In October en- 
gaged in the campaign up the Bayou Teche. Returned to New Orleans in 
November. Thence ordered to Brownsville, Texas, but, before landing, was 
ordered to Arkansas Pass. Disembarked on St. Joseph's Island, marched up 
St. Joseph's and Matagorda Islands to Saluria, participating in the capture of 
Fort Esperanza. Thence moved to Indianola and Port Lavaca. January i, 1864, 
the regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and March 14 reached Bloomington, 111., and 
received veteran furlough. April lo, 1864, was re-organized at Camp Butler, and 
proceeded to New Orleans, arriving 29th and camping at Carrollton. May 17, 
ordered to Brashear City, La. Soon after its arrival the regiment was scattered 
along the line of road as guard. Sept. 17, 1864, the non-veterans, were started 
home, via New York City with rebel prisoners in charge. March 2, 1865, or- 
dered to join the i6th Army Corps. Near Boutte Station the train was thrown 
from the track, and 9 men killed and 70 wounded. 

1 8th Regiment embarked on Lake Ponchartrain for Mobile expedition. Moved, 
via Fort Gaines and Navy Cove, landed on Fish River, Ala., and marched with 
Gen. Canby's army up east side of Mobile Bay. March 27 arrived in front 
of Spanish Fort, the main defense of Mobile, and until its capture, April 8, 
was actively engaged. After the surrender of Mobile, marched for Montgomery, 
Ala. Here it received the news of Lee and Johnson's surrender. Moved to 
Vicksburg, April 14, 1865. Mustered out of service Nov. 24, 1865. 

The 33d. Regiment had io6 men from Knox County; 2 were killed, 13 died, 
5 were wounded, and 4 were prisoners. 




ILLINOIS HOTEL 



Located on the corner of Main and Kellogg Streets. Erected as Brown't Hotel in 187i. Kemodeled 
in 1903. 




HOTEL ANNEX 
Located on the corner of North I'rairie and Ferris Streets. Erected in 1808. 



256 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ' ^ ; 

Privates 

Dodson, R., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, disch. April 15, 1862, dis. 
Purdue, J. VV., Abingdon, e. Sept. 30, i86i, died at Ft. Donelson, April 4, 1862. 
Ditts, J. W., Abingdon, e. Nov. 28, i86i. 

Willett, D. B., Abingdon, e. Jan. 6, i86i, vet., m. o. July 17, 1865. 
Patterson, Aaron, Abingdon, e. Dec. i, i86l. 
Willett, T., Abingdon, e. Jan. 6, i86i, vet., m. o. July 17, 1865. 

330 INFANTRV ' i: :^ 

Was organized at Campt Butler in i86i. Sept. 20, moved to Ironton, Mo., 
remained during the winter. March, 1862, moved with the command of Gen. 
Steele southward, passing into Arkansas at Pitman's Ferry, and marching via 
Pocahontas and Jacksonport to Batesville, where it joined Gen. Curtis' army; 
thence via Jacksonport, Augusta and Clarendon, to Helena. Was engaged in 
the battle of Cache, and in many skirmishes. At the battle of cotton plant, Co. A, 
on skirmish line, met and checked a charge of 2,000 Texan Rangers. 

During July and August were camped 20 miles south of Helena, and en- 
gaged in eight expeditions up and down the river. Sept. i, was moved up 
the river to Sulphur Springs, and thence to Pilot Knob Nov. 15, moved to \'an 
Buren, Ark. Made winter campaign in Southeast Missouri. Was ordered 
to Ste. Genevieve, Mo., where, with the command, it embarked for Milliken's 
Bend, La. Attached to the ist. Brig., ist. Div., i3th Army Corps, it was en- 
gaged in all its battles, participating in the battles o' Fort Gibson, Champion 
Hills, Black River Bridge, assault and siege of \'icksburg and the siege of Jack- 
son. In August, moved to New Orleans with i3th Corps. In October en- 
gaged in the campaign up the Bayou Teche. Returned to New Orleans in 
November. Thence ordered to Brownsville, Texas, but, before landing, was 
ordered to Arkansas Pass. Disembarked on St. Joseph's Island, marched up 
St. Joseph's and Matagorda Islands to Saluria. participating in the capture of 
Fort Esperanza. Thence moved to Indianola and Port Lavaca. January i, 1864, 
the regiment re-enlisted as veterans, and March 14 reached Bloomington, 111., and 
received veteran furlough. April lo, 1864, was re-organized at Camp Butler, and 
proceeded to New Orleans, arriving 29th and camping at Carrollton. May 17, 
ordered to Brashear City, La. Soon after its arrival the regiment was scattered 
along the line of road as guard. Sept. 17, 1864, the non-veterans, were started 
home, via New York City with rebel prisoners in charge. March 2, 1865, or- 
dered to join the i6th Army Corps. Near Boutte Station the train was thrown 
from the track, and g men killed and 70 wounded. 

1 8th Regiment embarked on Lake Ponchartrain for Mobile expedition. Moved, 
via Fort Gaines and Navy Cove, landed on Fish River, Ala., and marched with 
Gen. Canby's army up east side of Mobile Bay. March 27 arrived in front 
of Spanish Fort, the main defense of Mobile, and until its capture, April 8, 
was actively engaged. After the surrender of Mobile, marched for Montgomery, 
Ala. Here it received the news of Lee and Johnson's surrender. Moved to 
Vicksburg, April 14, 1865. Mustered out of service Nov. 24. 1865. |. 

The 33d. Regiment had io6 men from Knox County; 2 were killed. 13 died, 
5 were wounded, and 4 were prisoners. 




^ ILLINOIS HOTEL '' -,- ^., 

Located on tlie corner of Main and Kellogg Streets. Erected as llrown'r Hotel in IXTi. Remod<;Ied 
in l!io:>. 




HOTEL ANNEX 
Located on the corner of North I'lairie and Kerris Streets. Erected in I81I.S. 



, HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :" 257 

COMPANY A 

Privates - . ':, 

Scott, Alexander E., Maquon, e. Aug. 21, i86i, 
Scott, Thomas, Maquon, e. Aug. 21, i86i. 

COMPANY B . 

Loud, Silas J., Galesburg, e. Feb. 6, 1864, sick at Nashville at m. o. 
McQueen, Wm. M., Galesburg, e. Feb. 8. 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Parkinson, Jacob N., Galesburg, e. Feb. 6, 1864, sick at m. o. regt. 
Seanson, Neltz, Galesburg, e. Feb. 8, 1864, prisoner of war at m. o. regt. 
Lang, Issac N., Galesburg, e. Feb. 13, 1862. ' v 

._. , ...^'-V:':'- . COMPANY E ,';.''', . .--' ' 

-"'- ''' ^--' Captain 

Bryan, William H., Galesburg, e. Aug. 27, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

First Lieutenant 

Stone, Clarendon A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i8, i86i, res. June i8, 1862. 
Marsh, Edward, Abingdon, e. June 22, 1863, res. June 6, 1864. 

V- '' .' '' " .' ,-'! ' '' 

Sergeant 
Clarke, George A., Galesburg, e. Aug. 14, i86i, disch. Dec. 6, 1862, dis. 

Corporals :-;.,/; 

Munroe, George H., Galesburg, e. Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Dec. 22, 1862, dis. 
Ward, Henry C., Galesburg, e. Aug. 15, i86i, disch. Dec. 22, 1862, dis. 

;V ;;/:; Privates ;> -. 

Anderson, Abram P., Galesburg, e. Aug. 14, i86i, disch. Feb. 20, 1863, dis. 

Butler, James N., Galesburg, e. Aug. 12, i86i. 

Bumer, John M., Galesburg, e. Aug. 27, i86i, pro. corpl, disch. Dec. lO, 
1862, dis. 

Burlingame, Spencer, Galesburg, e. Aug. 6, i86i, re-e. as vet., died at 
Brashear City, July 14, 1864. 

Burlingame, William D., Galesburg, e. Aug. 19, i86i, wd. at Vicksburg, May 
22, 1863. 

Davis, James H., Abingdon, e. Aug. 26, i86i, kid. at Vicksburg, May 22, 1863. 

Davis, John W., Abingdon, e. Aug. 27, i86i. 

Davis, Frank M., Galesburg, e. Aug. 19, i86i, died at St. Louis, Oct. 19, 1862. 

Irland, William, Galesburg, e. Aug. i6, i86i, died at St. Louis, Nov. ii, 1862. 

Moore, William B., Abingdon, e. Aug. 24, i86i, trans, to Co. H. 

Overstreet, Mitchell E., Galesburg, e. Aug. 28, i86i, disch. Nov. 27, 1862, dis. 

Pisley, Prince W., Abingdon, e. Aug. 28, i86i, disch. Nov. 17, 1862, wd. 

Pratt, Charles W., Abingdon, e. Aug. 23, i86i, re-e. as vet., m. o. Nov. 24. 
1865, as 1st. sergt. 

White, George F., Galesburg, e. Aug. 20, i86i, re-e. as vet., disch. May 13, 

1865, as corpl, dis. ' - 

voLi 17 :' :. 



258 ;; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Porter, John M., Galesburg, e. Aug. 23, i86i, re-e. as vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 
1865, as corpl. 

Flecker, James H., Abingdon, e. August 23, i86i, re-e. as vet., disch Nov. 
29, 1864, dis. 

Wiley, Walter S., Galesburg, e. Aug. 6, i86i, re-e. as vet, m. o. Nov. 24, 
1865, as corpl. .. .; 

Recruits 

Abbott, George W., St. Augustine, e. Nov. 6, i86i, trans, to Inf. corps, Jan. 
15. 1864. 

Simmons, Madison, St. Augfustine, e. Nov. 6, i86i. 

Watson, Jason L., Galesburg, e. Sept. 21, i86i, kid. at Vicksburg, May 
22, 1863. 

Watson, James H., Galesburg, e. Oct. 6, i86i, re-e. as vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 
1865, as corpl. 

Taylor, George W., Galesburg, e. Jan. 4, i86i, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. . 

, ' COMPANY F 

Lewis, James M., Galesburg, e. Feb. 9, 1864, P"s. war at m. o. regt. 
Swanson, August, Galesburg, e. Feb. 19, 1864, pris. war at m. o. regt. 

..'.-:"'' ^\ ^.. - ''" COMPANY H ,, .-;' 

Captains 

McKenzie, James A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i8, i86i, res. March lo, 1863. 
Smith, Geo. E., Galesburg, e. March lo, 1863, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

-' " ' '''.-,'-' - . , -'..X .';- 

First Lieutenant 

Williams, Robert P., Galesburg, e. Sept. i8, i86i, res. July i, 1863. 
Chambers, Emmet B., Knoxville, e. Sept. 19, i86i, m. o. NOV. 24, 1865. 

Second Lieutenant 

:. Ryland, John M., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, re-e. as vet. 
; Follett, John M., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

: ' Privates .1 ;.-;., 

Allen, Jesse, Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Barrer, Thomas, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865, as 
1st. sergt. 

Bay, James M., Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Bay, Robert, Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. ii, 1864. - .| 

Beare, John, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i. 

Boatman, Aaron, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865, corpl. 
^ Cameron, John, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, died at Ironton, Mo. Jan. 7, 1863. 

Carnes, Edward M., Galesburg, e. -Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Sept. 29, 1863, dis. 
:. Chapman, Grove L., Victoria, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., disch. May i8, 1865, 
sergt., wounds. 

Conant, Reuben H., Galesburg, Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865, as 

sergt. ';'-;.:.-' ,' 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY; Jv^: 259 

Converse, Elbur A., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet, m, o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Davis, James B., Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., disch. July 13, 1865, wounds. 

Davis, William H., Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, died at Arcadia, Mo., Dec. 
19, i86i. 

Ellison, James M., Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Jan. i8, 1863, dis. 

Fauble, Josiah P., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Nov. i6, 1862, dis. 

Ferris, Frederick H., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., pro. 2d. lieut. 74th. U. 
S. Col. Inf. 

Freeze, Joseph, Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. May 30, 1862, dis. 

Hatch, John F., Oneida, e. Sept. 19, i86i, corpl. trans. Miss., marine brig., 
Feb. 22, 1863. 

Hayes, Festus C., Victoria, e. Sept. 19, i86i, trans, to vet., res. corps, March 
15, 1864. 

Hicks, Lauren Myron, Victoria, e. Sept. 19, i86i, died at Oldtown, Ark., 
Sept. 21, 1862. 

Hitt, Loren, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. ii, 1864. 

Hyde, Jedediah S., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, corpl, died at Helena, Aug. 
19, 1862. ':^.' :^ 

Ingle, John, Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Feb. 26, 1863, dis. 

Jackson, Eli F., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., disch. Sept. i, 1865, as 
corpl, dis. 

Jackson, Henry C., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. ii, 1864, as corpl. 
: Jackson, James F., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. ii, 1864, as sergt. 

Jones, William, Knoxville, e. Sept. 19, i86i, died at Ironton, Mo., Dec. 28, 
1862. 

Keyes, Asahel, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Feb. 9, 1863, dis. 

Martin, Arthur, Victoria, e. Sept. 19, i86i, died at Terre Banne, La., Sept. 

I, 1864. -..::.. 

Martz, Alexander, St. Augustine, e. Sept. 19, i86i. X\ 

McCay, Lewis R., Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i. 

McHenry, Daniel, Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Mills, Joseph, Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, died at Ironton, Mo., Nov. 25, 1862. 

Mott, George W., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Oct. 15, i86i, dis. 

Morgan, Albert W., Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, trans, to vet., res. corps, 
March 15, 1864. 

Reed, Matthew, St. Augustine, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., pro. corpL 

Rodecker, William H., Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, trans, to Miss, marine 
brig., Feb. 22, 1863. 

Smith, Samuel W., Maquon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Steel, Henry, Galesburg, e. Sept. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. ii, 1864. 

Steel, Samuel F., Abingdon, e. Sept. 19, i86i, disch. Sept. 30, 1862, dis. 

Tripp, Augustus J., Victoria, e. Sept. 19, i86i, corpl, died at Ironton, Dec. 
2, i86i. 

Recruits 

Brothers, Francis, Galesburg, e. Feb. 3, 1863, died at St. Louis, Nov. 20, 1862. 
Boeington, Hyrcann, Galesburg, e. Oct. 7, i86i. 

Cemer, William H., Galesburg, Oct. 7, i86i, vet., died at Cairo, Nov. 14, 1864. 
Fremole, William, Maquon, e. Oct. 7, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865, as corpl. 



260 r-; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Fletcher, Samuel, Galesburg, e. March ii, 1863. 

Goddard, George V. R., Galesburg, e. Oct. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 
1865, as corpl. 

Howe, Charles, Galesburg, e. Feb. 4, 1862, trans, to Miss, marine brig., Feb. 
22, 1863. 

Miller, Swan, Galesburg, e. March ii, 1862, m. o. March ii, 1865. 
. . Miller, Jacob, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
V Mott, Avin K., Galesburg, e. Feb. 24, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
,- Mitchell, Alexander, Rio, e. Feb. i, 1865, died at Vicksburg, Sept. 17, 1865. 
' Swazze, Benoni H., Abingdon, e. Oct. 7, i86i, disch. March 29, 1863, dis. 
; Swanson, Andrew, Galesburg, e. Feb. 3, 1862, disch. Aug. 31, 1862, dis. 
'"._ Treadwell, Charles, Galesburg, e. Oct. lo, i86i, disch. Nov. 26, 1862, dis. 

Vanderwalker, Edward, Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Woolsey, Isaac., Maquon, e. Oct. 7, i86i, disch. Jan. 22, 1862, dis. 

COMPANY I 

'.:' Coe, Robert B., Galesburg, e. Sept. 5, i86i, vet., m. o. Nov. 24, 1865, as sergt. 

,. Coe, David P., Galesburg, e. Sept. 5, i86i, disch. Jan. 27, 1863, wounds. 

\ ' Davis, Daniel W., Galesburg, e. Aug. i8, i86i, disch. Aug. i8, 1862, dis. 

:- Kerrigan, Frank, Galesburg, e. April 7, 1865. 

V - '. 36TH INFANTRY '.:' 

. : ' COMPANY A '* 

Boggs, Elijah, Victoria, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 
> Brott, Chas. E., Copley, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 
.' Cams, John N., Copley, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
. England, George, Copley, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June lo, 1865. - 

;; Harrison, Jacob H., Copley, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 
' Hurr, Edwin L., Victoria, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 

McDowell, Mathew H., Victoria, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 

Phillips, William, Victoria, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 
'.I Todd, Warfield B., Victoria, e. Sept. 27, m. o. June 15, 1865. 
Warrenford, James, Persifer, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, i86s< 

Wagher, Albert C., Copley, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 15, 1865. 

COMPANY D . : 

' Bassinger, John, Elba, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 

Crawford, Robt. R., Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, kid. at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 

30, 1864. 

Kimler, William, Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, died Jeflfersonville, Jan. 25, 1865, 
wounds. 

Kimler, Walker, Elba, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 
: Lapham, Leroy, Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 

Lapham, Edward, Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, kid. at Nashville, Tenn., Dec. 
1 6, 1864. 

Patten, David M., Elba, e. Sept. 27, 1864, disch. May 29, 1865, wounds. 
. Russell, Robt., Elba, e. Sept. 27, 1864, disch. June 14, 1865, pris. war. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY v-^: ;;: .; 261 

Roath, Robt, Elba, e. Sept 27, 1864, m. o. May 29, 1865. - V 
Tucker, John, Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 
Temple, John, Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, 'm. o. June 30, 1865. 
Zimmerman, Andrew J., Elba, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 

COMPANY F ;;. 

Dilley, Washington, Persifer, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 
Grump, Nelson H., Persifer, e. Oct. ii, 1864, m. o. Oct. 8, 1865. 
Jamagen, Isaac M., Haw Creek, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 

COMPANY G 

Hapenstall, Charles, Indian Pt., e. Oct. 14, 1864, died at Quincy, Dec. 26, 
1864, wounds. 

COMPANY H 

Cook, Thomas G., Truro, e. Sept. 27, 1864, disch. June 15, 1865. 

"-,--''.^^i-/' ;-.,^;.'.:'----.-.i;.'-. COMPANY I ;:.;.'- 

Byram, Washington, Indian Pt., e. Sept. 27, 1864, died at Keokuk, April 
II, 1865. 

Blake, Alfred, Haw Creek, Sept. 27, 1864, died at Quincy, Jan. 3, 1865. 
; Clark, Newton G., Haw Creek, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 

:> i, : Martin, William, Indian Pt., e. Sept 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 
; ; Shay, Moses, Indian Pt., e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 
Tatten, David H., Elba, e. Sept. 27, 1864, m. o. June 14, 1865. 
Tules, David H., Indian Pt., e. Sept. 27, 1864. : V . i 



l:'-^;-'/.'::;^,;--.-;,:./:^,.;:.^. ^- ;,,;; 37TH INFANTRY ..', : ':' ' Xc'v;C'.:^. 

;'; !-^:'-- <.->^---.-:v-'.-'--^.' ';,Jy- COMPANY B . ' '"^' :, '. v':-'*^'/-': 

Sergeant 
Bleakley, Henderson B., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Sept. i, 1862, dis. 

. ~^-- .' Privates ) ; '. / 

Buflfum, Emery S., Altona, e. Aug. 19, i86i. : ' ' l.-y'-v' i"^ 

Buffum, John W., Altona, Aug. 19, i86i, vet., m o. March 27, 1866. 
Barney, Wm. H., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. May i, 1866. 
Crogan, Peter, Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. 4, 1864. 
Dudley, George W., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. 4, 1864. 
Dudley, Charles, Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Aug. 19, 1864. :;:'., 
Ellsworth, Alma, Lynn, Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Jan. 26, 1865. 
Lee, Richard M. J., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, vet., kid. by guerrillas April 
25, 1865. 

Miner, Martin V. B., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Jan. 26, 1865. 
Patrick, Wm. M., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Jan. 4, 1864. 
Reed, Isaac W., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, vet., m. o. Sept. 24, 1864. 
Reed, Ira C. Jr., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, 1861, vet, m. o. May 15, 1866. 
Sellon, Brodia, Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. 4, 1864. 



262 : V HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

,; .;, Sterns, John O., Lynn, e. Aug 19, i86i, vet., m. o. March 6, 1866, sergt. 

;.':'. Wyman, James, Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, disch. Oct. 14, 1862, wounds. 

: : Whitehead, Albert, Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, m. o. Sept. 29, 1864. 
V;: Wilkinson, T., Lynn, e. Aug. 19, i86i, m. o. Oct. 4, 1864. 

. ^ 420 INFANTRY 

: : Was organized at Chicago, July 22, i86i. Moved to St. Louis Sept. 21, 

vi i86i ; joined Maj-Gen. Hunter at Tipton, Mo., Oct. i8, i86i and was assigned to 

.; Col. Palmer's brigade. Arrived at Warsaw, Oct. 25. Moved, Nov. i, at lo 

v\ o'clock, p. m., and reached Springfield, Mo., a distance of 97 miles, at 4 o'clock, 

'- p. m., on the 4th. Moved from Springfield on the 9th, and went into winter 

quarters at Smithton, Mo. Marched from Smithton, Feb. 3, 1862, to St. Charles, 
Mo. Arrived at Fort Hold, Kan., Feb. 20. Occupied Columbus, March 4, 1862. 

' Moved to Island No. lO, March 15, and was engaged until its surrender on the 
V nth of April. Col. Roberts, with 50 men of Co. A., spiked 6 guns of the 

enemy on the night of April i; joined Gen. Pope's army nth; moved to Fort 

;' ' Pillow, I4th; moved to Hamburg, Tenn., arriving April 22. Was engaged in 

the siege of Corinth. Engaged in the battle of Farmington, May 9, 1862, losing 

;- 2 killed, 12 wounded, and 3 missing. Led the advance in the pursuit of Beaure- 

, gard's army to Baldwin, Miss. The 42d occupied Courtland, Ala., from July 

, 25 until Sept. 3, 1862, when it left for Nashville, Tenn., skirmished with the 

:; enemy Dec. 30, and was engaged in battle of Stone River Dec. 31, with loss of 

'''.' 22 killed, Ii6 wounded, and 85 prisoners. Engaged in the pursuit of Van Dorn. 

. ' June 24, entered upon the Tullahoma campaign. July 31, camped at Bridgeport, 

; .; Ala. Sept. 2, engaged in the Chattanooga campaign; marched to Alpine, Ga., 

." thence to Trenton, and crossed Lookout Mountain. Engaged Sept. 19 and 20 

:-;' in the battle of Chickamauga, Ga., losing 28 killed, 128 wounded, and 28 prisoners, 

; r and retreated to Chattanooga. Nov. 28, engaged in the battle of Mission Ridge, 

; ; lost 5 killed and 40 wounded, being on the skirmish line during the whole en- 

'- gagement. Jan i, 1864, regiment re-enlisted; entered Atlanta campaign May 

' 3; was engaged at Rock Face Ridge, Resaca, Adairsville, New Hope Church, 

Pine Mountain, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek, Atlanta, Jonesboro and 

Lovejoy Station, encamping at Atlanta Sept. 8. Total loss in the campaign, 20 

'. killed, 89 wounded, and 7 prisoners. June 15, moved by rail to Johnsonville, 

, Tenn., and thence by water to New Orleans, and camped at Chalmette June 23. 

- Jan. 10, 1866, received final payment and discharge. 

- Ninety-eight men from Knox county were in Co. C. of the 42d. Regiment; 
15 were killed, 20 wounded, 12 died, and 4 were taken prisoners. 

:' '; ' ^ ' ' ' Colonel 

, - Walworth, Nathan H., Oneida, e. July 22, i86i, res. April 13, 1864. 

::."'-.''''' :::.:. -I Major ;, 

i; ::i- Leighton, James, Oneida, e. July 22, i86i, kid. Sept. 20, 1863. 

.;:;.;,:.'- - - Surgeon 

:' ; Goddard, John H., Sparta, April 29, 1865, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ., 263 

Sergeant Majors 

St. Clair, Percy, Oneida, Sept. 3, i86i, disch. Oct. 4, 1862, dis. 
Parshall, Gilbert A., Oneida, Aug. lo, i86i, pro. Capt. Co. B., kid. in action, 
Nov. 29, 1864. 

Musicians ' .'-. 

. . ' ' j ' ** ' 

Millsom, Wm. G., Oneida, .., died July 23, 1864. ' . :>' 

Howland, J. M., Oneida, e, Jan. i, i86i, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. .11 

'i_ ' ,'',. 

:;,...-.^-, COMPANY C .....' .'^--' 

Captains ':^.'-'^ 

Preston, L., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, died Dec. 31, 1863. 
Powell, Orville, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, pris. at Libby, vet., m. o. Dec. 
i6, 1865, wounds. '; v 

First Lieutenants ' ,. > , 

Furguson, Nicholas P., Walnut Grove, Dec. 24, i86i, res. June 13, 1862. 
Powell, Brainard J., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, kid. at Resaca, May 15, 1864. 
Stark, J., Oneida, Aug. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. 

- __ '.'._, 

Second Lieutenants "'.-%':" 

Scudder, Egbert M., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, res. Feb. 24, 1865. 
Wallace, John, Oneida, .., vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. . . , 

>';:. c--/ iS'.:-?':'^ 'v -.-^ Sergeants . :, .- 

Walker, A. A., e. Aug. lo, i86i, m. o. Sept. i6, 1864. ; 

Sweet, N. B., e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. ; . ; ,; X 

Corporals 

Mosher, Geo. E., Oneida, Aug. lo, i86i, died at Tipton, Mo., Jan. 2, 1862. 

Neeley, Andrew, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. Aug. i8, 1864, as sergt., 
wounds. 

Aberdeen, John, Walnut Grove, e. Aug. lo, i86i, sergt., wd. at Stone River, 
disch. April 20, 1863. 

Bart, George W., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to invalid corps. 



Privates 

Andreas, P. B., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, died at Camp Worth, Mo., Dec. 
i6, i86i. 

Anderson, D. E., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., V. R. C. 

Anderson, C. C., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, kid. at Chicamauga. 

Allen, A. E., Walnut Grove, e. Aug. lo, i86i, died at Tipton, Mo., Dec. 9, i86i. 

Anderson, Chas. W., Oneida, e. Sept. 8, i86i. 

Burt, Francis, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, killed at Stone River, Dec. 30, 1862. 

Burt, William, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, died at Nashville, Tenn., April 5, 1864. 

Burt, Jas., Oneida, e. Aug. 22, i86i, died at Camp Hunter, Mo., Nov. 22, i86i. 

Bartholomew, Alfred, Oneida, e. Aug. 20, i86i, died at Bridgeport, Ala., Aug. 
20, 1863. 



264 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Barton, James, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, as corpl, 
Bryant, Allen J., Walnut Grove. 
; Booher, David, Oneida. 

Barnes, T. J., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to vet., res. corps. 
Bo, Peter, Oneida. 

Calkins, Calvin, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. Jan. i, 1864, wounds. I . 
Cornish, Wm., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, m. o. Sept. i6, 1864. ' 
Carver, Luther R., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, m. o. Sept. i6, 1864, wd. 
Cooley, Orion R., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. July 15, 1865, pris. 
Cooley, Sam'l. H., Oneida, e. Aug. i6, i86i, disch. May 2, 1862. 
Conger, Geo. W., Galesburg, e. Aug. 20, i86i. 

Chapman, Asa, Oneida, e. Aug. i6, i86i, trans, to Eng. corps Sept. i8, i86i. 

Edgerton, Rollin H., Walnut Grove, Aug. lo, i86i, died at Annapolis, Dec. 
20, 1864. 

Eaves, Jesse T., Walnut Grove, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, wd. 

Erickson, Alfred, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, wd. at Stone River, trans, to 
V. R. C. 

Feeley, Thomas, Oneida, e. Sept. 13, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, wd. vV; -. 

Feeley, James, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 1.^-^ ^^ 

Gardner, Benjamin F., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, kid. at Mission Ridge;. 

Goodair, James B., Walnut Grove, e. Aug. lo, i86i, died May 30, 1864, wd. 
. Guthrie, J., Oneida, Sept. 17, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 

Hanson, John, Oneida, Aug. i6, i86i, trans, to V. R. C., wd. at Mission Ridge. 

Hawland, Joseph; Oneida, Aug. i6, i86i, kid. at Chickamauga. 

Hand, George W., Oneida, Aug. 20, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 

Hand, John, Oneida, e. Aug. 20, i86i, disch. Dec. 17, 1862. 

Hulse, Lewis V., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. 

Holt, Martin V., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, m. o. Sept. i6, 1864. 

Higgins, Orlando L., Oneida, e. Aug. i6, i86i, vet., disch. June 5, 1865, 
pris., wd. 

Hawks, Valentine, Victoria, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to eng. corps Sept. 
i8, i86i. : 

Judson, Whitcomb, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., disch. May ii, 1865, wd. 

Jones, Owen R., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, as sergt. 
' Johnson, Charles, Oneida, e. Aug. 22, i86i, kid. at Stone River. 

Leonard, Henry F., Galesburg, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, as 
sergt., wd. /- : 

Lamphere, Alonzo, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet, disch. July 6, 1865, as 
corpl, wd. 

Lamphere, Joseph, Oneida, e. Aug. i6, i86i, died June 25, 1862. -1 
r Linquist, Charles, Oneida, Aug. 22, i86i, vet, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, as corpl, wd. 

McConnell, Peter, Oneida, e. Aug. 20, i86i, vet., m. o. July 15, 1865, as 
corpl, pris. 

Mclntosh, George D., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. Dec. 17, 1862, dis. 

McCornack, John, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet., died May 28, 1864. 

McKanckie, Robert, Oneida, e. Aug. 20, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 
McKanckie, William, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, kid. at Resaca, Ga., May 

15, 1864. , . . . 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :;:rU 

Maxwell, Thomas J., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, kid. at Mission Ridge, Nov. 
25, 1863. . . 

Maynard, Stanley, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i. 

Nofscar, Jacob, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, died at Keokuk, Iowa, July 17, 1862. 

Purdey, James, Oneida, e. Aug. i6, i86i, wd. at Stone River, trans, to V. R. C. 

Pierce, Patrick H., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 

Piatt, Jacob, Altona, e. Aug. i6, i86i, vet., pro. corpl, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. 

Pierce, Wm. H. H., Altona, e. Aug. 22, i86i, wd. twice, m. o, Sept. i6, 1864. 

Roach, Edward, Altona. ; v ' 

Reynolds, Warren, Altona, e. Aug. i6, kid. at Stone River, Dec. 31, 1862. 

Rice, George, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. July 15, 1862, dis. 

Shamp, Joseph S., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 

Scudder, Giles B., Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. Aug. 25, 1863, dis. 

Starr, William A., Walnut Grove, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. Sept. 24, 1862. 

Sullivan, Michael, Oneida. 

Strain, Milton, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, disch. April 19, 1862, dis. 

Shaw, Charles, Knoxville, e. Aug. 20, i86i, trans, to regt. band. 

Starr, James T., Altona, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. 

Tynan, William, Oneida, e. Au^. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. 

Thomas, Hubert J., Oneida, e. Aug. i6, kid. by railroad accident, Oct. i6, 1864. 

Thomas, P. J., Henderson, e. Aug. 20, i86i, disch. April 7, 1862, dis. 

Thompson, David, Oneida, e. Aug. lo, i86i, trans, to eng. corps Sept. i8, i86i. 

Whiting, Wilbert L., Altona, e. Aug. lo, i86i, vet, kid. at Calhoun, Ga., May 
i6, 1864. ;-..;. ' : 

'Recruits . > 

Anderson, Calvin B., Wat^ga. 

Fowler, David W., Oneida, kid. at Mission Ridge, Nov. 25, 1863. 

McCreery, Henry, Altona, e. March 8, 1865, died June 3, 1865. 

Spencer, Marion, Altona, e. March 8, 1865, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865. 

Voris, Mills. Oneida, e. March ii, 1862, disch. June 24, 1864, wounds. 
':'-':l Wallace, John, vet, m. o. Dec. i6, 1865, as ist sergt. 

' % . ---. ., .', .- ../_ 

430 INFANTRY 

The 43d. Infantry was organized at Camp Butler in September, i86i, by Col. 
Julius Raith. Oct. 8 the regiment was ordered to St. Louis. Feb. 6, moved 
to Fort Henry, arriving on the loth; i8th moved to Fort Donelson. March 
4, moved to Bell's Landing, and I4th arrived at Savannah, Tenn. ; 22nd moved 
to Pittsburg Landing. The strength of the regiment was then 6io men. The 
regiment was in the two days' bloody battle of Shiloh, losing in killed and 
wounded 200. Was engaged during the siege of Corinth. In the spring of 
1863, 200 men of the regiment were mounted, by order of Brig.-Gen. Mason 
Brayman, commanding post, and did excellent service capturing guerrillas. At 
Jenkin's Ferry, the army of Kirby Smith having come up, they were attacked 
with great fury. The 43d, and a section of Vaughn's Battery, being rear guard, 
were first attacked; loss in this battle, 700; but that of the enemy over 2,000. 
About 4,000 men engaged the enemy's force, which amounted to 20,000 men. 
May 3, arrived at Little Rock, Ark., where the regiment was mustered out 
Nov. 30, 1865., .^, 



266 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



- The 43d Regiment had 83 men from Knox county; i was killed, 3 were 
wounded, and 14 died. 

Surgeon 

'f . 

Starkloflf, Hugh M., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, term ex. Dec. i6, 1864. 



; ; , ^ - COMPANY C '0 ' 

' ".'..'/' .-:.';''; Captains ;,'-'j; 

Edva^l, aioff S., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, died May 7, 1862. 
Arosenius, Carl, Galesburg, Trans, to Co. A, con., m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 

First Lieutenants 
Andberg, John P., Galesburg, trans, to Co. A., con., term ex. 

Second Lieutenants , . 

McCool, Nels P., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, died. 
Knutson, Nels, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, trans, to Co. A., con., term ex. 



; . First Sergeant 
Holt, Magnus M., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. June 14, 1862, wd. 



' " Sergeants ': :v_{;' 

Nelson, Nels, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, ' 
Anderson, Nels, Galesburg, Sept. i, i86i, disch. May 22, 1862, dis. 



Corporals 

Anderson, Gustaf A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., 
m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 

Cling, Charles, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 

Nov. 30, 1865. ... :;^ i :;;.: 

Hallfast, OloflF A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., 
m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 

Bentzson, Peter, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., m. 
O. Nov. 30, 1865. . . 

Larson, Adolph, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. Sept. 4, 1862, dis." . 

Paulson, John, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, m. o. Sept. 26, 1864. 



'\-- . :;-;;.,. "'' .. .^. ,;\'' Privates .n':'"^-./ -.;.; '':;:'/ 

Anderson, Andrew J., Wataga, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., m. 

o. Nov. 30. 1865. 

Anderson, Lewis J., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at St. Louis, June 

14, 1862. 

Anderson, William, Wataga, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at Hebron, Miss., Aug. 

15. 1863. 

. Botelson, Nels, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, 1861, disch. Oct. ii, 1862, wd. . 
Benning, Henry, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. July 8, 1862, dis. 
Erickson, John A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. April 29, 1862, dis. - 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^ ^ / ;. 267 

Engstrom, Andrew, Wataga, . Sept. i, i86i, musician, vet., trans, to Co. A., 
con., m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 

Dudley, David A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, wagoner, m. o. Sept. i6, 1864. 

Harpman, William, Victoria, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. Aug. 14, 1862, Dis. 

Johnson, Chas., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. Sept. 9, 1862, dis. 

Johnson, Jno., Wataga, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at Helena, Ark., Aug. 21, 1863. 

Johnson, Charles P., Ontario, e. Sept. i, i86i, m. o. Sept 26, 1864. 

Lundquist, John, Victoria, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at St. Louis, Feb. 4, 1862. 

Malmberg, Swen P., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., 
disch. Sept. 2, 1865, dis. 

Nelson, Swen A., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at Jackson, Tenn., Sept. 
30, 1862. 

Nelson, Weste, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at Little Rock, Dec. i6, i86 . 

Nelson, Louis, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865. 

Olson, Swen, Knoxville, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. June 21, 1862, wd. 

Olson, Peter, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, m. o. Sept. 26, 1864. 

Olson, Nels, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, died at Savannah, Tenn., April 
lO, 1862. 

Olson, William, Wataga, e Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865, as corpl. 

Olson, Swen T., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., m. 
o. Nov. 30, 1865. 

Peterson, Nels C, Knoxville, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con., 
died at Knoxville Jan. 24, 1865. 

Peterson, John, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., con,, m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865, as corpl. . . :; 

Peterson, John, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i. 

Peterson, Olof, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. Nov. 8, 1862, dis. 

Peterson, Nels N., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, trans, to inv. corps, Nov. 
15, 1863. 

Peterson, Swen M., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., trans, to Co. A., m. 
o. July 31, 1865. ...-,.: 

Peterson, Swen, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i. 

Sandberg, Andrew, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, m. o. Sept. 26, 1864. 

Swenson, Swen E., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i. "' I'.! / 

Swenson, Swen, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, vet., died at Little Rock, Sept. 
15, 1864. 

Swenson, Begt., Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, disch. Sept. 6, 1862, dis. 

Recruits 

Anderson, James, Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865. 

Esping, Exel, Galesburg, e. Feb. 29, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. Nov. 
30, 1865. 

Holt, Magnus L., Galesburg, e. Feb. 29, 1864, pro. to ii3th U. S. C. T. 

Huttburg, Samuel P., Galesburg, e. Feb. 29, i86i, trans, to Co. A., con., m. 
o. Nov. 30, 1865. , \ - 



268 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Hockomb, Magnus, Galesburg, e. March ii, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. 
o. May 25, 1865. 

Johnson, William, Galesburg, e. Jan. 15, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., died at 
Mound City, Oct. 25, 1864. 

Jacobson, John, Galesburg, e. March ii, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865. 

Johnson, Charles, Galesburg, e. March i, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865. 

Johnson, John, Galesburg, e. March 21, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865. 

Larson, John, Lynn, e. March 25, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. Nov. 
30, 1865. 

Mengerson, Samuel A., Galesburg, e. March 27, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., 
m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. -: , x ; K X'-" 

Peterson, Swen, Galesburg, e. Nov. 25, 1863, trans, to Co. A., con., m. o. 
Nov. 30, 1865. 

Samuelson, Charles A., Galesburg, e. March ii, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., 

m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. ..; '.'-""'^:'"'> '..-;''''''':'.;'' . :-r:,-l:V--vV..v. 

William, Gustaf, Galesburg, e. Feb. 29, 1864, trans, to Co. A., con., died at 
Little Rock, Oct. i6, 1864. 



; ' ' . '' COMPANY E 'v '' ^'i-;..--/-/;;:.;. ,';-:; 

Kaser, Johann, Galesburg, e. Sept. i, i86i, kid. at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. 



; COMPANY c (Consolidated 

/'"-''-'' Recruits- 

Anderson, C. F., Sparta, e. Feb. i, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. ' 
;l . Anderson, Charles, Lynn, e. March lo, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. ;. ; 

V Johnson, John F., Lynn, e. March lo, 1865, died at Little Rock, Oct. 22, 1865. 
. V Lunstrum, Gustave F., Lynn, e. March 24, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 
Ryddall, Swen, Lynn, e. March 24, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 
Strum, E., Lynn, e. March lo, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 
- , Swanson, L., Lynn, e. March ID, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 

-. Johnson, Samuel, Lynn, e. March lo, 1865, m. o. June i6, 1865. 
' :'\ Johnson, C., Lynn, March lo, 1865, m. o. June ii, 1865. 

' , '' - ".' . 't 

';..-''.:.j:\r''- .;.. ,' ' ' V-.-'' COMPANY K .:-.'::'':;.';': '^:^v ';,.: ^ 

'.- ''-' '. - ::: .Sergeant \' 'v--.V';-';V--- ;;';',;'',' 

Harris, J. M., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Aug. 25, 1865. 

' ' Corporals -. ^ 

.' ' 

Walls, James E., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865, as sergt. 
Calhoun, John T., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. ,; 
Hamilton, Robert M., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. . 

Fleming, Sylvester, Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. . . ;: 
; ; Spence, W. F., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 



:.^.,., -::-..,. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTRY ::C ':;:.,.: 269 

l^'i'^xf >.'-'.- Privates .^ .'^'^-v- 

Henry, Anthony, Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 
Ogle, Thomas N., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 
Shoemaker, Solomon S., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. Nov. 30, 1865. 
Murbary, Charles, Lynn, e. March 24, 1865. ,.'..' 

,'.'';: ^ :v-\:: 45TH INFANTRY ~ 

' The Washburne Lead Mine Regiment was organized at Chicago, Dec. 25, 
l86i. Mustered into service as the 45th Infantry Jan. 15, 1862, moved to 
Cairo, 111., Feb. 1 1 ; rnoved toward Fort Donelson, and during the succeeding 

'*. days bore its part of the suffering and of the battle. The flag of the 45th was 
the first planted on the enemy's works. Loss 2 killed, 26 wounded. The 45th 
took a conspicuous and honorable part in the two days' battle of Shiloh, losing 
26 killed, 199 wounded and missing nearly half the regiment. On the 5th, 
marched to Bethel, 7th to Montezuma, and on 8th to Jackson, Tenn., the enemy 
flying at its approach. Mustered out July 12, 1865, at Louisville, Ky., and arrived 
at Chicago, July 15, 1865, for final payment and discharge. ;' 

: The 45th Regiment contained 79 men from Knox county ; 5 were killed, 6 

- wounded, 9 died, and i was taken prisoner. 

'''''- ^-:';^ ...':. :-.''- i-'^-'-C/:'.^., COMPANY I .^i^v'V'-:: '.''.' :C ' ''^^ :;'-;.' -'^/'.';'v^'':! "'.'. 

, . . Horton, James W., Victoria, e. Oct. 25, i86i, disch. Jan. 17, 1862. ,/;'---C 
.-, . Riggs, C., Abingdon, e. March 29, 1865, m. o. July 7, 1865. . .' > -iv r!- 

::'".': >-;v...-..; :'.. :;'':'. .":':\k;-:' COMPANY K .: V.- ;v'^' ^ '--^ ^ Xi xV'-;..,/' r ';.'. 



^ '.;/^; Holcomb, Benjamin F., Galesburg, e. Dec. 24, i86i, term ex. Dec. 24, 1864. '-W^"^;; ^: \; 

:;';-'' ':-'' ' ' ' '' ' First Lieutenants ';'','. I ';^V''';^-' ''''-'^' .':- 

: v Gray, J., Wataga, e. Dec. 24, i86i, term ex. Dec. 24, 1864. '" ^ . . -. 

' ; Doles, Augustus W., Henderson, e. Dec. 25, 1864, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865. ":-; > V 

'':-'.' ^': ; ^V ' -'"''V '' ' :.Vv:''.v:^,;^i'-' -'V 'v-v" " ''"^T. '."';>;: ,'/'-''/:' 

' ;' Second Lieutenants ; V^:'.'; ''^?^:^^^ ' . ' ' 

; V Hunt, Luther B., Wataga, e. Dec. 24, i86i, res. June i, 1862. ->:.'';:.; 

V Amett, Wm. H. H., Galesburg, e. July 9, 1865, m. o. July 12, 1865, vet. ";vi;'./;' ^ \: 

v.v. '.';';:':..;:;-; -_:v-/;\v'V:'V;'-;'- -..-.;. Sergeants _ ,.; ^ ','.;' ^/';;-^;''r. ''..; .^';",.. 

;:.;;.:=' Fraser, R., Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23. 1864. V: ^i>-''.^- .^""^ : 

I.'.' .;'- Huxley, Edward R., Henderson, e. Oct. 15, i86i, disch. June i, 1862, wd. :;;..:/ .^'/V .;;';;^;: 
;;';> Ricker, Horace M., Wataga, e. Sept. i, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864. ; V''^^ ^ ' 

-'';;'.J.',0'-S:'''-'-'': '>^.'V^'^V^!':. :'';'-'''; ^.- ''-' ;^, '^:''--V' ' ' ' ': ^-.^/I -''^'-.'^'V:'-' 'V-'-' 

'i:'-'-':''.:':-'-l', J.;-^'-'-:- ': \ ''/'/': Corporals -^-r^--- \-. ;. ."'C;^?.|-.,;.. .^^.- .,.' : 

- '' . Sines, Isaac, Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, sergt., kid. at Vicksburg, June 26, 1863. ^^ - .^ .; 
'.. " Gordon, John, Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, died at Savannah, April 24, 1862, Vf- . ,. 

;;;; wounds. " -,, "'/ -:' ,"- 

,: Vj ;; Thrope, Ambrose A., Wataga, e. Oct. 23, i86i, disch. Dec. 12, 1863. -V;; .;?::.-' 



270 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY - ; ]::.v:;> 

Colling\\'ood, Jonathan, Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864, 
Smith, Sidney M., Wataga, e. Sept. 30, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864. 
Baker, Benjamin F., Wataga, e. Sept. i8, i86i, died at Paducah, Ky., Feb. 
27, 1862. 

Greer, George W., Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, kid. at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. ' 

- . '' ..; ' ; , ;.^:/ Musicians '.-': V^'-' >:''' "'V '.'/:;/ -V'"'- 

Denison, Charles M., Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, died at St. Louis, Mo., 
15,1862. . ... 

Logan, Cyrus C., Altona, e. Sept. 25, i86i, disch. April 28, 1862, dis. :. r: - 

' . ; Privates ,:\ Vv-'.^. |< -^ " ' 

.: Buckman, Peter, Wataga, e. Sept. 17, i86i, kid. at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. ' . 
; Bilton, John, Wataga, e. Oct. lo, i86i, disch. Sept. 26, 1862, dis. .,' 

Bunker, Dwight, Henderson, e. Oct. lo, i86i, disch. Oct. 19, 1862, wounds. 
;- Cole, Stephen D., Galesburg, e. Nov. 4, i86i, disch. April 30, 1862, wounds. 

Comstock, John, Henderson, e. Oct. 5, i86i, m. o. Dec. 24, 1864. v?''.'; 
. Conley, Lindsey G.. Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, disch. May 15, 1862. 

Doles, Albert O.. Henderson, e. Oct. 2, i86i, died at Quincy, April 21, 1862. 
Delain, Olof, Wataga, e. Sept. 17, i86i. 

Denton, Henman F., Wataga, e. Sept. 24, i86i, disch. July 23, 1862, dis. ; 
7 Eastman, Alfred A., Wataga, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. June 22, 1862, dis. : 
.' Eastman, Edward H.. Wataga, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. June 22, 1862, dis. 
Fulford, Charles W., Wataga, e. Nov. ii. i86i, vet., trans, to U. S. Navy. 
Gilbert, Delos, Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, died at Shiloh April i8, 1862. - 
Henderson. William S., Knoxville, e. Sept. 24, i86i, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865. 

- Halstan, Samuel, Henderson, e. Oct. 8, i86i, disch. July 23, 1862, dis. 

Hawks, Richard, Henderson, e. Oct. lo, 1861, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865. 

.', Lewis, Quintus C., Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, died at Vicksburg, Oct. 30, 1863. 

Laird, Allen, Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865, as corpl. 

McClure, Hugh, Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864. .j ' 

McCleery, Solomon, Wataga, e. Sept. i8, i86i, disch. July 23, 1862, dis. ., 

Matterson, George H., Knoxville, e. Oct. 2, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864. 

Nash, Joseph, Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i. 

Kendall, Joshua, Henderson, e. Nov. ii, i86i, vet., trans, to U. S. Navy. . 
-' O'Brien, Henry, Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i. i . ; ; 

. Ohlson, Nels, Wataga, e. Sept. 17, i86i, disch. June 24, 1862. 
: ; Piper, Benjamin, Wataga, e. Oct. 2, 1862, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865, as corpl. 
. Paddock, Daniel, Wataga, e. Dec. 3, i86i, disch. Oct. i, 1863, dis. ; 

Ricker, W., Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, disch. Aug. 2, 1862. 

Rowe, Anson, Jr., Wataga, e. Sept. i8, i86i, died at Paducah, Ky., March 
6, 1862. 

Ramsey, Alfred B., Knoxville, e. Sept. 23, i86i, vet, died at Andersonville 
prison, grave No. 1765. '-''v^ .'.''>- U v 

. Shumate, Joshua B., Henderson, e. Sept. 30, i86i, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865. 

Soner, George W., Henderson, e. Oct. 8, i86i, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865, 
as sergt. 



;- HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :; 1 .: ' :. 

:V Sweet, Henry F., Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, died Aug. 22, 1863. ;>>-:^ v :-"X ^^r' ^ 
V Smith, J., Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864. '"-: : -^^ :' . 

' Thomas, Hiram, Wataga, e. Sept. i8, i86i, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865. ' ;. , i ' ; 

Thorp, Orville R., Wataga, e. Sept. 28, i86i, vet., m. o. July 12, 1865, as corpl. ''.; : 

Taylor, William C., Jr., Wataga, e. Oct. 20, i86i, vet., pro. to ist. lieut. '...--.- 
and Q. M. ^;'!-'- 

Tebbetts, William H., Wataga, e. Oct. 22, i86i, kid. at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. ;;., - 
<: Taylor, Nathan S., Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, disch. Dec. 24, i86i, dis. ;: -i. 
-,' Wandless, Joseph. Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, disch. Sept. 4, 1862, wd.^- .--:.; 

Wentworth, Milton, Wataga, e. Oct. i8, i86i, disch. Dec. 5, 1862, dis. 'I 

Williams, Joseph S., Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i. : ' 

': Wilks, T., Wataga, e. Sept. i6, i86i, m. o. Dec. 23, 1864. " l^:' X '" X 

: Wild, J., Wataga, e. Oct. 13, i86i, died at Cairo, Feb. 27, 1862. ^ ^^ X> 

;>- Yancy, Walter C., Wataga, e. Sept. 23, i86i, killed at Shiloh, April 6, i862.V, v*' 
' Yancy, J., Wataga, e. Dec. i6, i86i, disch. July 20, 1862, dis. ,.. , /; . - 

/;.;,:, v'rX' 'X. :.:;'' ^'V' ''.' ;,vX '';'. :^'.X Rfcruits ..v':V'c ;';;''.'. _ '- . ' ' ' : -Vv ' ''- V' ' .X XXX- ' -' ' 
Collins, W., Wataga, e. Feb. i, 1862, disch. Aug. i8, 1862, wd. - X X-Xl. XX -. 
Clapp, H. H., Galesburg, e. Mar. 27, 1864, m. o. July 12, 1865. " X; "X 

Doles, G. M., Henderson, e. Feb. 9, 1865, m. o. July 12, 1865. -T X - ; ' " 

Morse, Augustus, Henderson, e. Feb. 7, 1864, m. o. July 12, 1865. X' .V^ ; 

: Morse, G. N., Henderson, e. Feb. 9, 1865, m. o. July 12, 1865. .;-;:;.. X;;.'X' 
Merrick, Stephen F., Henderson, e. Feb. 9, 1865, m. o. July 12, i865.X/'X^X ' ' ^' 
. Osborn, Stephen S., Henderson, e. Feb. 7, 1864, m. o. July 12, 1865. >: X 'X " ' 
Rouse, Benj. F., Oneida, e. June 23, 1862, m. o. June 3, 1865, corpLi XX - : X : 
X Roberts, George B., Henderson, e. Feb. 7, 1864, m. o. July 12, 1865. iX:X;X" ^ XX 

Shumate, W. H., Henderson, e. Feb. 9, 1865, m. o. July 12, 1865. ;. : X^XX ; 
_.-, Fisk, T., Henderson, e. Feb. 7, 1864, m. o. July 12, 1865. X 'X X X / X : ^ 

':- Thorp, C. O., Wataga, e. Feb. 25, 1864, m. o. July 12, 1865. jXi^ X'/X^X /-X ^ 
X Tye, T., -Henderson, e. Feb. 9, 1865, m. o. July 12, 1865. X- X'^X - -"X XX v - 

V,X;--V = V' v' -^^- v:' 'X-'XX'v / X-X:X:;! 47TH INFANTRY ' \';-'^-'X\ '''.. '; ;-X-':-'X--''X-';' '';!' ---X'' .' 
':.;'..- ' ' ^^ ^X" COMPANY A - -..'v.-!'; ^;,^, \ ^ -' '';'---Xc "''':. "^--'.^XX 

; , Nims, Herbert, Altona, e. Aug. i6, i86i. '' :X:,XXXXX 

- Nims, O. L., Altona, e. Aug. i6, i86i, m. o, Oct. ii, 1864. X X V-'X X';'; ; f'T ^^ X/X 

'':''.,-.=: ':--^.-'y.'.y --'.' COMPANY C 'X-' :.'".. ^.V. "," ^V ' ' X -' 'X X'' 'X^! -"^'''X'. 'V "' 

^:-''' '"' --X^":-' ^ Captain ; ; ;' - .-X"";^' -^-.X'-XX'^-^. .-':''- 

Hoptanstall, A. C., Galesburg, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. X . ' X /.XX;:X ; 

', ''''.. ,-_*.'.'"*''.--*-,'..- 

X':--'-' '-^ '-:': .- ^.'; X'-'-'-'^'rv-V:' .V Corporal -I:'"'-.:'' :-XX'. ': ;' :-:-"/'."^X' X''vX-/ X -X 
Aaron, Wilmore B., Yates City, e. Aug. i8, i86i, disch. May i8, 1862, dis. X . 



';'..; Adams, J. M., Elba, e. Aug. i8, i86i, disch. Apr. 28, 1863, dis. ' -''/'-. 

.'./'-. Faith, W. J., Yates City, e. Aug. i8, i86i, vet., corpl, trans. Co. B, con. rf- ; X 
; .X; X' Green, J., Yates City, e. Aug. i8, i86i, m. o. Oct. ii, 1864. ^ . V XX ^^'' ' " 

-'i^O-''-V '''' '^~ ' -; '^:?, '''-XV ';-.-'".'- '''v'-' .'>.' V; ' ^'^ ' -^: ' 
'.. .-- ''.'^^ (''V :<:'' ;..;?'' '.'i<-*' /'-- ' " '' \-':''-r,'"'^^--f:-- '?;':'.,; 



272 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Holcomb, Samuel R., Maquon, e. Aug. i8, i86i, disch. March 27, 1863, dis. 
, ; Kinsler, John W., Maquon, e. Aug. i8, i86i, m. o. Aug. i8, 1864. j 
. Null, Samuel, Yates City, e. Aug. i8, i86i, disch. Nov. 20, 1862, dis. ' 



; ^-^:". :v:;;'^::.-. - j ... '' \.,}'- COMPANY E ':. ^:: :':-' ''I :';':' '.'''':''' -''''''v 

; ' - Sergeants , \'. :" -i^^-v'' ;v';-\vO 

O'Connor, Edward, Elba, e. Feb. 15, 1865, died at Selma, Ala., Oct. 24, 1865. 
y Walch, Richard, Elba, e. Feb. i6, 1865, died at Selma, Ala., Oct. 12, 1865. v;, ' 
Haley, James, Indian Pt, e. Feb. 28, 1865. 

;, /- Corporals. =: "^ /';'''"'?' v^^ ^ - 

y - O'Connor, Dennis, Sparta, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866, as sergt. 
Fahey, James, Victoria, e. Feb. 20, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866, as sergt. 
Daniels, P., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. 

' . .- Privates. ' -''' > ';.:.;:,:'-' 

. : ' - ':'.-'- .:*' . ' ' '" ' ..' ' 

. Burk, Thomas, Yates City, e. Aug. i6, i86i. "; . 

O'Rouke, Michael, Victoria, e. Feb. i6, i86i. V- ., ',..,' 

- v' Byrne, J., Victoria, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. '... : ' '^ 
. Brady, M., Elba, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. ^ ' .. 

Bulger, J., Indian Pt., e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. - .'. 

Dunnigan, John, Indian Pt., e. Feb. 28, 1865. .: ' 

. Dermont, B., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. 

Fisher, Francis, Elba, e. Feb. 17, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866, as corpl 
. Hanley, James, Indian Pt., e. Jan. 27, 1865. M;: ::';;; ^' -"''./. 

Hennessey, W., Victoria, e. Feb. 6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. 

Kelch, A., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 20, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. ;. ' ; 

Keely, E. Victoria, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. .. ' 

O'Driscoll, L., Victoria, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. \ . ; ..' . 
; ^. Ryan, Martin, Indian Pt., e. Feb. 28, 1865. ^> ; ::'ivv'\ : /v , - 

Redmond, J., Sparta, e. Feb. 21, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. ' }. - V 
; Scott, W., Indian Pt., e. Feb. 28, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. ' / ; 

Wade, J., Victoria, e. Feb. i6, 1865, m. o. Jan. 21, 1866. / . \ 

.-' V.'' ';''^'':-.. :. ' SOTH INFANTRY v:"V\':;:-.;;;:-,::-'.\.t'.^ y'^ 

. '...'.>;;>.;', ' - ; : ... COMPANY G ;^ ; V v'.. ''-I .;: l-'-'V'.V 'V 

Corporals. 

Babbitt, Israel, St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, i86i, died at Paducah, Ky., April 3, 
1862. 

Rankins, John W., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 21, i86i, m. o. Sept. 27, 1864. v i 
Callison, Woods B., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24. i86i, m. o. Sept. 27, 1864, as 

sergt. :^,..: ........... ..^ . ..:..-.;. ::^-.-..:..v....^ -.../-i:-,.;;. .. 

Privates. . 

Bowman, Jacob, St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, i86i, disch. July 31, 1862, dis. 
Babbitt, James, Jr., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, i86i, m. o. Sept. 27, 1864, corpl. 
Babbitt, James J., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, i86i, disch. for dis., sergt. 



;'-: :V :^^'f^;::'^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY y\ 278 

vv>.i \ Babbitt, John J., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, i86i, m. o. Sept. 27, 1864, corpl. -.-. ^ 

<;.. \ .'. Babbitt, Hugh, St. Augustine, e. Oct. i6, i86i, disch. for dis. ' v - ' . 

jV^'V'. V Hants, George W., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, i86i, m. o. Sept. 27, 1864.' ?v'^ 

' ; ', Hants, Daniel, St. Augustine, e. Oct. i6, i86i, disch. for dis., June 15, 1862. ;'; 

. ; Rogers, Erastus, St. Augustine, e. Oct. 12, i86i, m. o. Oct. 19, 1864. - . 

:...?'! Williams, Anson L., St. Augustine, e. Sept. 24, 186?; m. o. Sept. 27, 1864. .' -.V 

;.;:;;-: Walton, George, Abingdon, e. Sept. 24, i86i. /. ^ 

i^ /"-;:;, -^v--:?' ''!': ^ ';:'';. ^ /"^'- ''V ''''I'"- ;/'.-;,' COMPANY I '?./';'.'>. 'ih^ ./: ; ', :.'::.-' ..''.^': ':': /^'' '"', 

..-.: Beetly, Edwin W., Knox Co., e. Sept. i6, i86i, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. ; .; 
Molden, Ananias, Knox Co., e. Sept. i6, i86i, vet., trans, to V. R. C. . . . -; 
, ;' Flynn, Benjamin, Knoxville, e. March 9, 1864. , . ' ' 

. Mitchell, Alexander, Knoxville, e. March 9, 1864. . . ,. ' /. '.i ' - .: 

':.;''. .^.'. -:,'.. ':;^'.' ;'./'; ,-/.'- "'!:.'.:--:-^'- SIST INFANTRY ->""\:-'- -: ''' V-/-'^'-' /-', ''',-'''':V' 

-^'-'' ''./': .v;-./. ;| ''' \"-^ ';'."' '.''' COMPANY C _ '^f^r^}','':. ".-. _ ".''":'' \- '^' ^.'- ::'''. 

;. , / First Lieutenant / . ; ' : . 

;: Eads, Albert, Knoxville, e. Dec. 24, i86i, term ex. Jan. 17, 1865. -' >', '" 

:":.' .''^- :-''-.,;:..;.., v"^. >-'"..'.';'.. 'V';- Second Lieutenant ',.^:'' -^ ' "' ^:''- ' ^ :.-;'''^ 
; Rambo, John D., Knoxville, e. Sept. 20, i86i, vet., m. o. Sept. 25, 1865. .: ', , 

'.': ; / ;' : - Privates.' '-' - .: ^;: 

,...' Duncan, Rufus H., Knoxville, e. Sept. 20, i86i, pris., m. o. March 15, 1865. 
.;: Flatt, Daniel, Knoxville, e. Sept. 20, i86i, vet., corpl., kid. at Kenesaw, June f 

^;^^ 27,1864. :^^:-'.-:- :;:-. .V-,- - .;:v. .;:'..... ^-^^ 

Garrett, Benjamin, Knoxville, e. Sept. 20, i86i, disch. for dis. April 24, 
>y 1862. - 

:' " Heagy, Harry W., Knoxville, e. Nov. 6, i86i, vet., m. o. Sept 25, 1865, as f 

'..X corpl. ", ;'-' '-;" '^^'.^-'^' ~ ' . ''' ' V. I - ;'^ '' ''^ "';? 

: . Huggins, William H., Knoxville, e. Sept. 21, i86i, vet., kid. at New Hope >- 

,; Church, Ga., June 3, 1864. '^ ,;.,..;. -. , . ' 

Jackson, Francis, Knoxville, e. Dec. 14, i86i. ' "" ' '' ' ' v: 

: : Jackson, Henry, Knoxville, e. Sept. 27, i86i, died at Andersonville prison, v > 
}/ June 29, 1864, grave 2658. -M;, v/ - /', 

.; , Lobach, Joseph R., Knoxville, e. Oct. i8, i86i, vet, m. o. June 24, 1865, pris. :". 

^- of war. ; 

., McGowan, Curtis, Knoxville, e. Sept. 20, i86i, vet., m. o. Sept. 25, 1865. -'.'* 

"!;:-'_ Morey, Daniel N., Knoxvilk, e. Sept 20, i86i.v'i:4 > :' v^.- 

/ ;.} Maxfield, Erastus D., Knoxville, e. Sept 20, i86i, died' at Louisville, Ky. ;A ' 
;/ ;-''^ Rezzer, Henry B., Knoxville, e. Sept 20, i86i. .., ^. ...,.. . . ' 

? :"- Woolsey, Henry C., Knoxville, e. Oct. 22, i86i. '::;'; ' : : '-. v-I ) 



Garrett, Benjamin O., Knoxville, e. Feb. 29, 1864, died July i6, 1864, wounds. 
Rambo, George, W., Knoxville, e. Feb. 22, 1864, died July 30, 1864, wounds. 



ToLI U 






274 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



sergt. 



..v:C >.':,;'-. . . . -; COMPANY H ,A,;--;'-<;.v,;..<;->^^;-'-,:-. 

: \ Privates. 

: Burgland, Jonas, Victoria, e. Nov. 4, i86i, m. o. Feb. 28, 1865 

From, Erick, Victoria, e. Dec. 29, i86i, vet., m. o. Sept. 25, 1865, as 

Johnson, Jacob, Victoria, e. Feb. lo, 1862. 

Johnson, James, Victoria, e. Dec. 29, i86i. > .^ '. 

Lindy, William, Victoria, e. Feb. 9, 1862, capt. Sept. 19, 1863, died. 

Linda, Lewis, Victoria, Dec. 18, i86i, m. o. Feb. 28, 1865. 

Minard, Milton D., Victoria, e. Oct. 29, 1861. 

: Moss, Sardus B., Victoria, e. Oct. 29, i86i. ; ...--'^ ^' .^'^ 

: Martin, J., Victoria, e. Oct. 29, i86i, disch. July 14, 1862. 

' Mosher, Palmer, Victoria, e. Dec. 22, i86i. : > 

^ Minard, Adolphus P., Victoria, e. Jan. 25, 1862, m. o. Feb. 20, 1865. j 

Riggens, Sylvester B., Victoria, e. Jan. 12, 1862. 

Rosa, William, Victoria, e. Oct. 29, i86i, died at Big Springs, Miss., July 14, 
1862. . vv .V : . V ' 

Scott, William O., Truro, e. Dec. 13, i86i. ' , ;:^ . . ' 

Sweeney, Edwin P., Victoria, e. Dec. 23, i86i. 
. Tothill, Richard, Victoria, e. Dec. 29, i86i, m. o. Feb. 28, 1865. 

Wolf, Leonard, Victoria, e. Dec. 25, i86i, disch. April 7, 1862., 



':'; ;./'.':;"... - COMPANY K ,' .^\'; :^-V '.:''-;' 

' Privates, 

Cook, Archibald, Galesburg, e. Jan. i, 1862, died at Danville, Va., Dec. 28, 

1863, pris.-- .'/ - '-' ^^.."'' :';-: ;;'.'> ' ' r'.^ "'-^'' .>^:''-'.-.-':.\'':'-^' '::' 

Diles, Samuel, Galesburg, e. Jan. i, 1862, disch. Feb. 26, 1865. 

' Gowde, Julius H., Galesburg, e. Dec. ii, i86r, trans, to V. R. C. Feb. 7, 1864. 
Lewis, Henry R., Galesburg, e. Dec. 21, i86i, disch. March i, 1862. 
May, Harvey L., Galesburg, e. Dec. ii, i86i. . 

Mirandy, Cyrus, Galesburg, e. Dec. 26, 1861, disch. April 19, 1862. | .- ' 
Robinson, Thomas G., Galesburg, e. Jan. 20, 1862, died at Danville, Va., Jan. 

21, 1864, pris. 

White, Daniel, Galesburg, e. Dec. i8, l86i. - '-;.';.::: 

Kendrick, L. A., Galesburg, e. Dec. 7, i86i, trans. 57th Inf. r / 
Miles, David E., Galesburg, e. Dec. 7, i86i, trans. 57th Inf. 

Pruitt, William D., Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, trans. 57th Inf. 
Petty, William D., Galesburg, e. Dec. 14, 1864, trans. 57th Inf. 



INFANTRY , ; ; : . 

Was organized at Camp Douglas, and mustered into service Oct. 31, i86l. 
Nov. 9 left Camp Douglas. Remained at Camp Benton until Jan. 12, 1862, when 
it was ordered to Paducah, Ky. On the morning of March 15 marched out 
with expedition from a point some 14 miles above Pittsburg Landing, for the 
surprise and overthrow of Corinth. 

The opening of the battle, Sunday morning, found the regiment in position 
with an effective force of 873 men. Col. Stewart was wounded and 9 of the 
line officers, 3 of whom died of wounds; 102 enlisted men were killed and 



, .^;-:A '^;^ ;-;;; ;;ia HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . l^/\ 275 

. ,; mortally wounded, and i6i wounded and taken prisoners. The regiment was 

^ '. : with the army in advance on Corinth, and at Russell's house. May 17, lost in 

-' \ . skirmish 8 men 2 killed and 6 wounded. Entered Corinth May 30; thence 

- 1 .-' with Gen. Sherman, westward along Memphis and Charleston R. R. The regi- 

.;;';. ment re-embarked with army and was present and under fire at battle of 

. ' ' Arkansas Post Jan. lo and ii, 1863, losing three men, wounded. Was at 

;.\ Vicksburg in 1863, participating in the fight. Participated in the siege of Jackson, 

' ; ;' Miss. On 3oth Oct., 1863, marched from East Point, on Tennessee river, for 

:! '.< Chattanooga. During night of 23rd, with rest of brigade, manned a fleet of 

. ;.; pontoon boats in North Chickamauga creek, and in the midst of rain and intense 

.; r .; darkness, with muffled oars, descended and crossed the Tennessee river and 

, ; ;'; captured the enemy's picket line. Nov. 25 marched with Sherman to the relief 

'.:'/. of Knoxville, E. Tenn. June 27, 1864, participated in assault upon Kenesaw 

. Mountain, Ga. July 22 the regiment was again engaged with an effective force 

; _ V of 239 men, and came out of the engagement with i8o men. Was in the siege 

:' . ; of Atlanta; in battle of Jonesboro. In a short campaign of a little over two 

:. .; months the regiment lost half its number. Marched with army, via Richmond, 

/:- .- to Washington; participated in the grand review at Washington. During its 

j. term of service the rigment marched 3,374 miles. !.'' 

.. The 55th Regiment had 8i men from Knox county, of whom 3 were killed, 

. ; . 2 wounded, 7 died, and i was taken prisoner. 



,-'--';./'.;/::'; ;^; '.:''. ;.^ /': COMPANY A 

:':]',-.{'': : ^: T.' Captain 

Ridenour, John B., Knox Co., e. Sept. i, i86i, res. June 15, 1865. 



' '- ..'"--' -" ' v::.^'^^:>;.^' " Corporal 

Presson, Joseph H., Galesburg, e. Sept. 2, i86i, pro. q. m. sergt. 

' Privates. '" "" " .'- 

Brown, John, e. Oct. 29, i86i, vet., trans, to non-com, staflf. 
Hayden, A, R., e. Oct. 30, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. 



-';'/''.;<.:_-': /^:.. /. "'''.' -..','::;;;'''--".?';::, 'j;-. COMPANY D <;'':';. V'.;-;-.V:'_^ ' ^'\-\-']:l:-:-'.'-:-:l>\--^;-':-'-'^ -/''' 
;.:;;;: " ..... ..... '"' ' '' Musician :./;:'',-:\^-- ^' . , .;'':'; v^! ''''"''--'!.';':' 

'. ' Parvin, F., Knoxville, e. Oct. 7, i86i, vet :\j;. '-1>> ' ' - ; ;^:V %^ ':y - 

;:./:;';:-;-.-.. .,,--:.'.;.,-:=: Recruit '.'. ^:. "^'^-x^ ''.'''V^^^^^;v':. '> ' ' 

> Dunn, H., Truro, e. Jan. g, 1865, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. [ V: V'K : ^.; V J^ 

;^''.\ '!'--';'^'.'^":/ >'';.;;'.;.'-'/"' ''t^;'-'.,;--''';;' '' COMPANY F .;':' -^ ' ' '. --,. ^''^V-'i '''' V. ..:'':.:'-'' 
\:,"'::':':i~:'/:''''-^^'-'^::' '' /:"" ^ ^v^-'j v:^ .'' First LieutgHant :.:v\' >-.;?. ; := ' V;'-' ;. ?: ''^ ^"V;:---; -:J '.''j 
- Presson, H., Henderson, e. Oct. 31, i86i, res. March 5, 1862. ^: ;V >- ' V . 

v;. ..'^'' ' -- - '-. . - Privates, ?-"'.^'^' '::-';/,. ': '- . . ^ v;.,.'^-:;:\v-.',, '"'-; 'f-:, 

V. .- .'v Reynolds, Joel, Abingdon, e. Oct. 8, i86i.' - - ' ^ : --y j i;^. ,;,....v 

y / ;: Holmes, David N., Henderson, e. Oct. 7, i86i, vet., pro. ist Lieut C'^:'" ' f^; 



276 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Keffer, Jacob W., Henderson, e. Oct. ii, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, i86i, as 
sergt. ..- . : ^; ,..;,;,, -.-,., ';;-.;.. /^.,;-, :..:;-../'.. 

COMPANY H ,'':. .V -:^-:. .;:/.. ' 

Trout, Lewis, Galesburg, e. Nov. 8, i86i. . X ;:. . 

; ' '"'.-''' 1 ' 

'- ;' _-;;;-^_' ' .. ^ . . /. COMPANY I ' ^ '' ; ":'..:;'/'-'' 

.::-^^:^l :' .' ''^- Privates. '.'-';.''./..''': 

Crocker, G. W., Knox Grove, e. Aug. 26, i86i, vet. died at Marietta, Ga., v? ' '::. 

Sept. 30, 1864, wounds. -;;-. 

Matlock, J. W., Henderson, e. Oct. i8, i86i, vet, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. -' , ;' %?"?. -v 

Rickman, M. B., Henderson, e. Oct. 17, 1861. . ;>. ; ?. . 



.- 'U'.:.. !;;.;_ ' -; COMPANY K :' . \ '.'.'-, /J. .:--.;" 

Captains ' , . 

Black, J., Abingdon, e., Oct. 31, i86i, res. Feb. 9, 1863. 
Kays, James VV., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 

. ,:;... First Lieutenants 

Fillmore, John H., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Nov. 26, 1862. 
Grounds, William, Abingdon, e. Oct. 23, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 



, ^s . ' ; Second Lieutenants ' . \; V ^- ^ I 

. Gillett, Andrew J., Abingdon, e. Oct. 31, i86i, resigned April 7, 1862. 
Lomax, William D., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, hon. disch. Oct. 31, 1864. 

' -. ' ' First Sergeant ::v ' ^^ 

Encell, Charles K., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. - . ' '/ ,i 

:"' i ''-. ^".. ' ' ' ' ' '. - .^. ^' :,,.-.-''/ 

Sergeant .',';; 

Massey, James M., Galesburg, e. Oct. 20, i86i. .; / 

'.'' Corporals. ,'- _-.''' /,- - / 

- Burnaugh, William H., Knoxville, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. 

Morris, James M., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. 

Miller, Moletus, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as sergt. 

Westfall, E. P., Henderson, e. Oct. 21, i86i. 
; Hawthorne, James, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. ;; , ^ ' ^^ ' 

Babbitt, Harry, St. Augustine, e. Oct. 23, i86i. S' ^^'v' ^ ' :^ 

:'''''"' " '" ' ' Privates. ' - ' .'.';'".'.. .'X^'''- 

Anderson, John, Henderson, e. Oct. 17, i86i. - '' ' 

Bellwood, Milton, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, killed at Vicksburg, May 22, 

1863. ..-:.-:>..^'-:::.:- -.:>; 

Bonham, B. A., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. . /. : ^. 

Bellwood, Lemuel, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, 1861. 

Baldwin, Martin, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, trans, to invalid corps. 



;;^'>;-v^^^x''^'^v?'--"';3r: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY /;/;}:';"' '277 :y;N^'- 

i ; Bonham, A. M., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. 

Chesney, William C., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., disch. for dis. July 31, 

1865. :.. : 

Curtice, Daniel, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. for dis. Nov. 7, i86l. 
Cox, Robert M., St. Augustine, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as ' . 
' corpl. V :.;::'.:';- -^ ' ': "v"^: > ''-. :-'.""!' 

Comes, Joseph P., St. Augustine, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as 
corpl. , 

, Addison F., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. .- 



^ 

'Coy, George C., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as 
, sergt. ,--- -^' ,;'.-:--: :- 

- --',.-. -T ..;..'-.; 

Coy, U. D., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. Nov. 4, i86i. - . 

Davice, Moses S., Henderson, e. Oct. i8, i86i, trans, to invalid corps. 

Deen, William H., Henderson, e. Oct. 20, i86i, trans, to V. R. C. May i, 1864. 

Dickey, Henry, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. : :,:./; 

Forey, Ostrando D., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. 

Goold, Jesse, St. Augustine, e. Oct. 22, i86i, died at Belle Isle, rebel prison. 

Greene, John, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, kid. while on picket Aug. 14, 1863. 

Hall, William M., St. Augustine, e. Oct. 22, i86i. '.;;'. 

Johnson, N. H., Galesburg, e. Oct. 20, i86i. ;;^ v.': :^^ >; w ^ ' ' 

Kays, Henry, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. 

Latimer, Thomas P., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as 
1st sergt. 

Murray, Sidney S., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. ; '. 

Mapes, Asbury, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. 

Marshall, James, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as sergt. 

Mount, William, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., kid. near Atlanta, Ga., 
Aug. 4, 1864. ^^/-..-- :-^-^-- ^=?'^:^^^ /-.-'';, -r ; v: 'r ^^.-;v. --:. 

Maxson, Duane, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. . 'i.^^ i' 

Miller, Francis M., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, died at St. Louis, Feb. 20, 
1862. . 

McKibben, L. C., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. for dis. Jan. 28, 1863. 

Moneymaker, Wm. E., Galesburg, e. Oct. 20, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 

Moneymaker, J. K. P., Galesburg, e. Oct. 20, i86i, died at Youngs Pt., La., 
Feb. 8, 1863. , 

Meadows, H. W., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. Oct. 25, i86l. .;. C.': ':>; 

Newkirk, A. W., Abingdon, e. Oct. 23, i86i. '^--:' -\ VvV o / 

Nelson, William H., Soluda, e. Oct. 22, i86i. ^ ^ y-,^ ' ;. / '- V^ V 

Pointer, James T., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., pro. ist sergt., died at 
Duvall's Bluff, Ju4y 25, 1865. 

Rose, Mason H., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i.'' '"- :,;.'.. ' 

Rhodecker, G. W., e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Nov. i, 1864. - ; ;-^ f. '" ^ 

Reckner, Daniel, Abingdon, e. Oct. 23, i86i. "' 

Raymond, T. L., Abingdon, e. Oct. 23. i86i. trans, to V. R. C. May i, i86l. 

Rechey, S. H., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. for old age Nov. 3, i86i. 

Spencer, William, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, vet., m. o. Aug. 14, 1865, as 
sergt., wd. . :-:,^- ' S'V'- :.v .-'' - 

South, Elijah, St. Augustine, e. Oct. 22, i86i. . / ';' V ;^ '" 



278 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY v-^;;-. 

s ' ' .-.'' X. ', 

.Spitzer, Andrew, Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, m. o. Oct. 31, 1864. - - 
. J Shoop, Thomas T., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, disch. for dis. Jan. 28, 1863. 

Staggs, David M., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. 

Townsend, J. W., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i, died. -:%..;.'., 
- Williford, William A., Abingdon, e. Oct. 22, i86i. ;'. . ' , 



Recruits ;: ; 

Crouch, Hiram, Sparta, e. Jan. 26, 1865, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 
Campbell, Joseph H., Sparta, e. Jan. 26, 1865, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 
Newkirk, Absalom W., Sparta, e. Jan. 26, 1865, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 
Romesburg, David, Sparta, e. Jan. 26, 1865, m. o. Aug. 14, 1865. 
Stiles, Edgar G., Sparta, e. Jan. 26, 1865, died at Jeffersonville, Ind. 



'\V.' .. ., 57TH INFANTRY ' . . .'''^"^'''--:"'^-' 

' \>.:'-' ' -^ ' : COMPANY A '. v '^'; ;"%'.;' ''^ -' "-'^ 

Dawdell, Thomas, Galesburg, e. Dec. 13, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Ball, James, Galesburg, disch. July 20, 1862, wounds. . 

^\r*'' --'^ ._ . ' ' COMPANY D '. '/;:;;'/''':......'.-.,. 

';; -. Sergeant ' "' -^ . ; 

Olson, Olof, Victoria, e. Nov. lo, i86i, term ex. 1864. > . 



Privates v / - 

Broberg, A., Gilson, e. Oct. ii, i86i, term ex. 1864. 
Gamett, John, Galesburg, e. Oct. 8, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Hanson, J., Wataga, e. Oct. 8, i86i, term ex. 1864. ' .y ,;;; 
Norlund, Lars, Victoria, e. Dec. 20, i86i, disch. for dis. July 5, 1862. 
Peterson, P. L., Victoria, e. Dec. 20, i86i, disch. for dis. May 29, 1862. 
Rudeman, O., Victoria, e. Dec. 19, i86i, term ex. 1864. 
Erickson, John, Truro, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. : 

Quinburg, Peter, Victoria, e. Feb. 8, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Johnson, Olof, Galesburg, e. Feb. 12, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Nordquist, Louis, Wataga, e. Dec. 25, i86i, term ex. 1864. 

''.."', ^ -- COMPANY E .'.''':::_.'''-."''. 

.';,/'/,<' ' . Captain ;;/.'.<',% .v_ -.'/.,' 

Passenger, Charles E., Galesburg, e. Nov. 27, i86i, vet., died. 



-''"-"'' ' ' ' Privates ' ' '-: -I -';-''. '.-'.^.' '-';';.'' 

Anderson, Andrew, Galesburg, e. Nov. 21, i86i. - - ' - .- 
Bell, Anderson, Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Davis, Frank W., Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, died at Pittsburg, Tenn., April 
15, 1862. 

Davis, Martin, Galesburg, e. Dec. 7, i86i, disch. April 29, 1862. 
Davis, Dighton, Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Hendricks, Loran A., Galesburg, e. Dec. 7, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865! , 



:j;V ':;{. HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY '^ . v; 279 ;^'-: 

Smith, Thomas, Galesburg, e. Nov. 25, i86i. '-A- . ': ^v - .^ ;::;.. J.'-V -J^:'.- - 

Watkins, John W., Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, i86i, vet. m. o. July 7, 1865..' -;;:.* .v;-;/ 
Wait, Alva S., Galesburg, e. Feb. lo, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. .. . ' ' t 



COMPANY H :.;->;: - .\ -' ".-.'^ ;;;:;',. .'/v.'- --'.': 

^:-^ '>.;,' ^ :':,:,.';/. -/^ j' "' '^^.' ' / V ' Scrgeont ^"'... > ; '.'^ ' ' ' ;:;.'; X';-^-'-' ':-;--'''' "^;-.'':-. 
* Reed, H., Lynn, e. Sept. 29, i86i, m. o. Dec. 25, 1864. ; i-^' . ; ' ' ' 

Corporals. ' . v; . ., 

Cochran, Edward, Victoria, e. Oct. 5, i86i, kid. at Corinth, Miss., Oct. 4, - 
1862. ^' 'V 

McCabe, Henry, Lynn, e. Sept. 24, i86i, vet, died pris. of war. ' . . . 

Privates ' "' ' ''^';~^'!'"-'' I/- "'-[' --'':'.^' 

Annis, John, Victoria, e. Oct. 25, i86i, disch. for dis. Sept. 8, 1862. ' "; / " 

Berknmeier, Christopher, Lynn, e. Oct. lO, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. .:0 K 
Bennett, Phineas, Lynn, e. Sept. 29, i86i. ' '-:^ './/.-- 

; Boswell, Riel, Victoria, e. Oct. 21, i86i, disch. for dis. April 29, 1862. . >^. ' :. /v. 
Codding, Jasper C., Victoria, e. Sept. 29, i86i. . ; . ; 

Cotteral, William H., Lynn, e. Oct. 15, i86i, disch. Feb. i, 1862, minor. "' '" ' ; 
Coon, Charles, Victoria, e. Nov. 20, vet., sergt., kid. at Resaca, May 17, 1864. . ' 
Dudley, Henry, Lynn, e. Oct. 2, i86i, disch. for dis. April 29, 1862. ^r ;.v.: -;.:.;-;-";. 
Hanna, William, Elba, e. Oct. 15, i86i. '-C; ;--'"t-- r :. ; '> 

Hurlburt, Horace, Victoria, e. Oct. 20, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. 1- : .''v ::; ^ 
Miller, C., Lynn, e. Sept. 26, i86i, died July ii, 1862. A^^ ^' ; V" : ; ]: 

Rice, F. L., Victoria, e. Sept. 24, i86i, vet, m. o. July 7, 1865. A.; :v^ ; ; ^ f-:v ':-; ' 
Spalding, John A., Victoria, e. Sept. 29, i86i, disch. for promotion. ;.- > ". 

Garrety, Daniel, Walnut Grove, e. Oct. 15, i86i, kid. at Corinth, Oct. 3, 1862." j - . ,. , . 

;'.: _.-f /.''; ;,; , .: ''?.'.;,-'": 58TH INFANTRY --'^ 'Ji^'.:','- ; " :".'_'' ^''- '/'v?-^'-' . .;':-^- .- . 

;';.'.-'''.;.; -.-v. ;..-: ^'^ .v-;j.-s '/'..:...:.; COMPANY A '- .^''.':.: ' .; 'v!;-'^:';r:''.--' ':r-Vi.'.' ' 
Barney, G. Eugene, Galesburg, e. Oct. 29, i86i, trans, as ist sergt. to Co. E. , 
Stanley, James H., Galesburg, e. Nov. 21, i86i, vet, disch. for dis. April 23, 

1862. ^ V. 

'", ^ .';,;' ."''":'..' V-'-^''-'X-''-V- COMPANY G,:-''''^.:>-:^'-^;-:--- ' ' '' ,'^' ''';''.:'.-:>'''::;- .'?.' '.Vi.' 

- ''':?. / ./^> ;'; *^ ::/'; Captain I' '-'..'.':'.- ' -- - -v,^.- :>U-^^:v'^;\-:v:- ;: '^; - 

" ,- -.- . -; .- ,; -',,.. 

Fuller, Loring P., Abingdon, e. Dec. 31, i86i, term ex. Feb. 7, 1865. '!.;-*': ^ : 

; '" Priz-ates ' '':'''-/-''':'.'':' 

Bennett, William, Abingdon, e. Dec. 31, i86i, disch. for dis. Oct. 8, 1862. :>,:- .V / ' 
Camp, Sterling T., Abingdon, e. Nov. 4, i86i, pro. musician. : : - -, ' 

Camp, H. C., Abingdon, e. Nov. 4, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865. .-;,":-;'.' :^.l. ; 
Cronnole, John P., Gilson, e. Dec. 30, i86i, died at Pittsburg Landing, April . 

5, 1862. S ': : 

Fogirty, John, St. Augustine, e. Nov. 26, i86i, disch. for dis. March 25, 1863. . 
Garrard, H., St Augustine, e. Dec. 9, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865. ", 



280 ' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -i'-'r; 

Gillett, W. J., Abingdon, e. Dec. 29, i86i, trans, to Co. I, died of wounds 
received at Shiloh. 

Gillett, F. M., Abingdon, e. Dec. 29, i86i, trans, to Co. I. 

Grabill, J., Gilson, e. Dec. i8, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865. " . V 

Grabill, A., Gilson, e. Dec. i6, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865. 

Hull, Daniel W., Abingdon, e. Nov. 24, died of accidental wounds Feb. 14, 
1862. 

Hatfield, G., Abingdon, e. Nov. 12, i86i, trans, to Co. I, vet, m. o. April i, 
1866. -./'.:;-:;.;:: ./^:^-^"^: '<G-.:V:<^' '.: -1 

Henness, George A., Abingdon, e. Dec. 20, i86i, died at Evansville, Ind. 
. Imil, Thomas, St. Augustine, e. Nov. 17, i86i, disch. for dis. June 14, 1862. : - 

Kitcben, David, Abingdon, e. Nov. 28, i86i, disch. for dis. April 24, 1862. 
' McDonnell, James H., Abingdon, e. Nov. 5, i86i. 

Meadow, William P., Abingdon, e. Dec. 31, i86i, trans, to Co. I, vet., m. o. 
April I, 1866. 

Nation, Joseph, Abingdon, e. Nov. 25, i86i, died on Tenn. river April lo, 
1862, wounds. 

;- Nation, Elijah, Abingdon, e. Nov. 20, i86i, vet. trans, to Co. B, m. o. April 
I, 1866. ;.-r;: I. :. ; 

Peabody, George N., Abingdon, e. Dec. 3, i86i, trans, to Co. I, vet., m. o. 
April I, 1866. 

Perry, William M., Gilson, e. Dec. i6, i86i. * 

Ryan, Peter, St. Augustine, e. Nov. 26, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865. 
'; Richey, Samuel H., Abingdon, e. Oct. 26, i86i. 

Ryan, Thomas, St. Augustine, e. Dec. 30, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865. 

Sibley, Lucien G., Abingdon, e. Nov. 26, i86i, disch. for dis. Aug. 5, 1862. 

Staggs, Allison M., Gilson, e. Dec. 9, i86i, trans, to Co. B, vet., m. o. May 2, 
1866. ...- , :^. 

Staggs, John W., Abingdon, e. Oct. 28, i86i, disch. for dis. Aug. 21, 1862. : ' 

Thompson, J. M., Hermon, e. Nov. i6, i86i, disch. for dis. Aug. 3, 1863. / ' 

Thompson, Errick, Abingdon, e. Dec. 4, i86i, m. o. Feb. 7, 1865, was pris. 

Griffin, Augustus, Galesburg, e. March 21, i86i. .,;::--. 

X; 59TH INFANTRY .:';:;:; 

The 9th Infantry Missouri Vols. was organized at St. Louis, Sept. i8, i86i. 
The companies composing the regiment had been raised in Illinois, and mustered 
in at sundry times. Sept. 21, i86i, ordered to Jefferson City; 3Oth moved to 
Booneville; Dec. 15, i86i, moved to Georgetown, Mo.; 23rd, returned to Lamine 
Bridge. Jan. i, P. Sidney Post was commissioned major. Feb. 12, 1862, by an 
order of the War Department, the 9th of Missouri Vols. was changed to the 59th 
Illinois Vol. Infantry. Feb. 22 moved to Cross Hollows. March 6 moved to 
Pea Ridge. On the 7th fought the enemy all day; Major P. Sidney Post was 
severely wounded. Lieut.-Col. Frederic was severely wounded, and Capt. Hale 
commanded the regiment during the fight. April j. Col. Kelton having resigned, 
Maj. Post was commissioned colonel. After 'evacuation of Corinth, pursued the 
retreating enemy as far as Booneville; i8th crossed the Tennessee at Eastport 
and camped at Waterloo ; Col. Post took command of brigade. Oct. 8 was heavily 
engaged at Chaplin Hills, losing 113 killed and wounded, out of 361 men going 



;-;,:-:;: ;:^--' HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;:;': 281 

into action. Arrived at Nashville Nov. 7, near which place the regiment remained 
during the year. 

The 59th Regiment had 104 men from Knox county; 3 were killed, 8 wounded.'. 
and 14 died. . 

'''.":''--''.-' '.. ; v' ';>.:'"" :'---?'.-7 Colonel V- ;'':.;' v~:> / . % '.^'.'|;.V\^'-^'-,. ' 
Post, p. Sidney, Galesburg. ^^ '/i/' ;"";:;;/ . V!' .:>:,' ;. . ;: 

' - .-.-, -_ . ..-.:- ' j ,' .' . 

... ----.-.... ' '- -'',,'' ' . ' '. ; -'-?'.' '- -' 

Lieutenant Colonel 
Hale, Clayton, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, absent, sick at m. o. of regiment. .' 

:^:,. .V-. ':.;'v-\.:/v." '^]:.^--^ .->,. '-.i Adjutant >;-:;/\;'. ,.,' ::\'\/.-; ;V'; '.-" :-Vc^.i' "'' 
West, Samuel, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, pro. capt. Co. I, res. Nov. 22, 1864. 

' ' : '' ' '" ''-= Surgeon '' '''' ' .'< '^ -I "''"^V,';l - 
Bunce, Charks, Galesburg, e. Oct. 25, 1862, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ' v :,, v 

-./' -iv ;'.:, ' Assistant Surgeon ."-/: ,.:,;"'/'' ;-.C-:-''=;,---i;\ ;x 

Gaston, Joseph W., Knoxville, died Sept. 3, 1864. ^ > v - '; 

-'-.'' '-" ''.''- .'-':';'..; Sergeant-Majors - ^'' .^-^ "''' '"^' ''" -^ ,.'.-;'';, 

Smith, John F., Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Jan. 15, 1863, wounds, i .' ' ' 
Ayers, George P., Galesburg, e. Dec. 5, 1863, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. -..'; 
-. .... . .-. ...-.- ....... .. -...-...-.. .. ..-'. :";;-'^^::.''^'^l 

'-'': ' ( ''''. ':'' -"';'^-:' ';v ';.-:;.:.;- COMPANY A "";;.;': -^^---.r ,; . .' ' i" , .-:''^.r:.\,;'v '"'. 
"-' ' .--._: :- -. Captains -'^.'.- ' ; -"^-'-''^ - ' :. 

Bailey, David M., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, died at Knoxville, Oct. lo, 1864. 
Elrich, James, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. > .. 7 

First Lieutenants "''.'^^ v^. 

Sanderson, Alexander, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. 'I^ ;,;'.' 1' 
Patton, Samuel F., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ";';' 



^'''. .'''-' Sergeants >''.;' / '- -v '.. ".^:0- 

.i-;.^ ; : Higgins, Edwin P., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, trans. V. R. C. /^:v .':' 

.;;-.' West, Samuel, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, pro. com. sergt. '.' v. V-' '' 

,. Hall, John, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. for dis. May i, 1862. "''" --'.,.'^: 

' .: Anderson, Phillip, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. for dis. Oct. 21, i86i. ;' 

:>..-.. /V' '-- Corporals. '' ' "t;.v-\ , .- .;^'.''-'''-:'- .'=^.- 

Y.'.. Warren, Edward M., Knoxville, e. July 17, 1861.'" ' " ' 

.'-.;' V Collins, Albert, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. Jan. 20, 1863, as sergt, 
,'..;.'- wounds. ';."'--;:/.- -v7V'--.;--'i .:;/.-'-;..'''<":'. 

'V'^; Dennis, John W., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. Oct. 31, i86i, dis. . . 

- . Elrich, James, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, died. : 

.:,': Huptonstull, Jacob, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. for dis. Oct. 31, i86i. , 



282 : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY /K ' 

. '1 ' ;'. *'.' ; ' 

' '':'"--ifi^.v \; ' ^ Musicians ,:.;'";:.,-.:.;' ;;.:;>,.':: 

Owen, Thomas R., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. for dis. April lo, 1862. 
Rodecker, William P., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, trans, to bat. A, 2d art. 



... .. ' '. >. IVagoner .' ^--vi ^ '.;.;.'!''- r^ .'. J;....' v^' v'^-.;.^';.';.'''^' 

Woolsey, Wm. H., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., disch. July 17, 1864, ,,.'- 
wounds. ^ , . - _ ::. ,.'- ::. 'I ;-. '; -.v ';:'.>'-'''-.'^ 

Privates ;\'.; 

Allen, Richard, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., disch. June 17, 1865, as sergt., ; / , 

wounds. 

Beatty, John, Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ' ' x ;.^--s ' 
Burnaugh, Nathan, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, died Nov. 7, i86i. :. : V^^^^^^ 
Bryan, Joseph N., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, as sergt. ;. ^. - .: 
Calkins, Charles E., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, died Dec. 20, 1862. .^-'' - ;..- 

Collinson, Anthony, Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i, vet., sick at m. o. regt. !,--;- 

Camp, Wm. B., Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, vet., disch. June 29, 1865, as sergt., .;'';:; 

wounds. i . :- . ; : . .; - 

Canfield, George W., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, vet., sick at m. o. regt. ';.- 

Castle, Geo. H., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, as sergt. :;;,{; 
Colwell, James H., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Jan. 12, 1864, as sergt., ;'.;- .; 

Corbin, Francis, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, died at Louisville, Oct. i, i86i. .- ' ; 
Crentz, Charles, Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Feb. 2, 1864, dis. -^^ !^\ '' 

Cuthill, Gray, Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Sept. 17, 1862, dis. - ' '; "^": 
Dawson, George, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. Aug. i6, i86i, dis. . .:",.. 
Dallmeyer, George, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, trans, to Miss, marine brigade. . _-;f . ' 
Donnelly, James A., Knox Co., July 17, i86i, sergt., died at Louisville, March . r-' 

20, 1864. ^ ;:;:: 

Donnelly, Jefferson W., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. Aug. 15, i86l, dis. '. ,; ' 
Finch, Lewis, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. | r :, 

Gardiner, Seth P., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86l, vet., sergt., killed at Rough ;" 

Station, July 4, 1864. 

Godfrey, J., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. 

George, J. K., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. April 6, 1863, dis.: 

Goodwin, James, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Sept. 17, 1864, sergt. . : 

Glendon, John, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, died Dec. i8, 1863. 

Goff, Francis W., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86l, kid. at Perryville, Ky., Oct. 8, 

1862. 

Goff, Royal F., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, corpl. . -..., 
Griffith, Benj. A., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., trans, to U. S. signal corps. 
Hupstonstull, J., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Nov. 20, 1862, dis. 

. Hall, James B., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i. : ;'; 

Hopkins, Wallace, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Aug. 6, i86i, dis. ,'' 
Hoppers, Thomas J., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, died of wounds June 9, 1863. 
Howard, F. A., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ... . 
Humphreys, Z. C., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. Feb. 2, 1863. - : ' : 
Lotta, John S., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i. 



.;, ;;::\';K-;-- .%.-:;v HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^: v-.,. 

v.' Martin, Graham, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, died of wounds April 22, 1863. 
; Matteson, Benj. J., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, sergt. 
; Matteson, Peter, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, sergt. 
. Mather, David, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, vet, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ;" 

;. McDowell, James, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, trans, to Miss, marine corps. ' " '; 
Moore, John B., Victoria, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. l^> . -:V.X; 
; Morris, Frederick, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 17, 1864. ... ; r.O' ^ :;;; ';^ 
V Mount, John, Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i. ' ;:Ci ^i'^^ r 

; Murray, John, Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i, vet, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ^^-f :'!,. 
Neeley, David J., Oneida, e. July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. .-..; 
;: O'Harra, W. J., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i. '-'::. . ^ ^ :r^^:.^iv--! A '%> 
> Payton, John, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i. .;. 

Peterson, John P., Victoria, e. July 17, i86i, vet., kid. near Dallas, Ga., ; ^ 
May 29, 1864. 'r^'.. 

Plummer, J. A., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Aug. 6, i86i, dis. ^ X -v 
:; Quirk, Edward, Knoxville, e. July 17, 1861, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. '" 

Raymond, James E., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, died at Jeflferson City, Mo., :;. 

Oct8, i86i. ;;: 

Russell, M. R. Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, died Nov. 20, i86i. y. .."=.''', 
-, Southerland, John, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i. ' l-i'i^: !v v-'^f ;'';^: 

. Tanner, Frank, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, transferred to Miss, mortar fleet. .. 

Williams, Thomas, Knoxville, July 17, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. r 

Wagher, Alfred B., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, transferred to Miss, marine .; 
brigade." '.-.''-' ;'-.'%? ^.: .^. '-: ''V/-.^ ^-^'l 

Wagher, Wm., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. July 26, 1864. r i:^. ^v-/^^ i^'--.; 

Wagher, F. M., Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i, disch. Oct. 20, i86i, dis.^V ';. : ->. ' . 
,; Watkins, Daniel, Gilson, e. July 17, i86i, vet, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ' ' : L'v'.^v 

Watson, William, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, as corpl. .V-':-:. 
,' Welsh, John, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, disch. Nov. i8, 1864. :r:.. ; S'^^ 
. Williams, Chas., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i. . V; 

, White, Mitchell, Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i, vet., trans, to U. S. V. engineers. ; 

Westbrook, N. B., Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i, vet., sick at m. o. of regt. ' 

- Wyman, Arthur, Abingdon, e. July 17, i86i, transferred to Miss, marine 
brigade. ';'/-- ,vi ."'.."' '-'' ^'i' ': :j\ '^' ':: vX ':\.;:;''^ [: ^:':;- r; ' ' ^'-'.':.^':- .^'l'^'.. i^--^ 

\ '.> .:.!l:^ :''.:-" .'.-':..>-. V'V '^/.'"^'-^ Recruits ' -:'^'^^:^^:'^-- " " .v-.'--''''v'.':i''-^';^ -:. 

Cherrington, M., Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, died at Syracuse, Mo., Dec. 8, ; ' 
i86i. ., .^; 

Duncan, Robert, Knox Co., e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, as corpl. ;;'::;,/ 
: Holcomb, J. B., Knox Co., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. 7vV': 

Haskins, Edward, Knox Co., trans, to Miss, marine brigade. . > /*;':- 

/ Horseman, Eli J., Knox Co., m. o. June 14, 1865, sergt. V'.' ; V'! v 

.- Mitchell, George E., Knox Co., discharged Dec. 22, 1864, wounds. :.. -V :>-,.;. 

: Minard, David M., Knox Co., corpl., died Dec. 6, 1863. V'-; ; '-y>- V^^ 

'', Pratt, E. A., Knoxville, vet., m. o. Dec. 8, 1865. ; / V\:!i'' :- 

'' Patton, J. H., Knoxville, died at Louisville, Jan. 4, 1864. 'V.''-':^?? .'!" 

Porter, Herman D., Knoxville, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, sergt. .- / -'vV-;-' /'' 






284 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;^> H V' 



^_.;:;^l^.-^, ' . ' . -> COMPANY B ;'.;;'''- :;'"'.'-'-':'" 
'.';;''-^/;-'^;. ;.. Privates 'x,''---\"'.V,- ''>'":'.''.' 

Low, Joseph, Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, trans, to Davidson's Peoria battery, 
m. o. Aug. 1 8, 1864. . . . 

Rynerson, Cicero R., Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Aug. i8, 1864. .,.;..'.;. 

Swenson, Nelson, Galesburg, e. July 17, i86i, m. o. Sept. 19, 1864. v -v 



'']:C^'-'- .- '-^ COMPANY c ,:.:''; ^-V''' V. '':'.''"'.'.' 

. ' .^*' 1 . - ' -' '"'-**'- ^ ''-' ^ .-..- 

Captain A' 

Arosneis, Carl, Knoxville, e. July 17, i86i. . . ' . 

:';;' ' . COMPANY I ; ' ^ .;->;/ '-''. 

.'. Captain "' ^ ' -V- ' . ; 

Doolittle, Charles C., Galesburg, detached. : : 

-,, '.-**'.' 

'' Private ;. . -: 

Duncan, Robert, Knoxville, e. March i8, 1864. >.: ., . \ ' 

COMPANY F 

Barlow, T. S., Oneida, e. Oct. 2, 1863, m. o. Dec. 8, 1865, as corpl. 
^ ;. 64TH INFANTRY : l ; . 

/-:-':';.: "^ : ' ' '- COMPANY D' . - ; V^ -;.:;;...;..,.'' 

'':-';;v . v, , ', . ;.- Captain , ;'','..!.,>'', .' . ' 

Stewart, John W., Abingdon, e. Dec. i6, i86i, pro. maj. '; . .. ' ; 

' ' First Lieutenant 

Stewart, William N., Abingdon, e. Dec. i6, i86i, res. June 20, 1862. 



Musician 
Rubart, James, St. Augustine, Dec. i, i86i, vet., disch. Jan. i, 1865, wounds. '". 

v--^' First Sergeant ; ^-: ' . . \ 

Fleming, Thomas, Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, vet., m. o. Dec. 17, 1864. 



Sergeant 
Bowden, Geo. W., Hermon, Nov. i, i86i, disch. for dis. July 7, 1862. 

.vi.'-;v; Corporals :'';: vr^^r'v-': y.-,;.'; -j 

Stephens, James P., Hermon, Nov. i, i86i, vet., m. o. July ii, 1865. 
Chapman, Reuben, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, vet., m. o. July ii, 1865. 



-:;:;'.''.'. .' -^ Privates '' ' " ' ' ^ ' ' ' "'' '' ' 

Beldon, Chas. W., Knoxville, e. Dec. i, i86i, vet., m. o. July ii, 1865. 
Sheets, John, St. Augustine, Dec. i, i86i, m. o. Jan. 21, 1865. 



::: : 7:^i f -' ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY J ; / ^ ^^ 

'-/' -*'' 

/ Chapman, Mason R., Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, vet., pro. q. m. sergt. ' . 

^. Deskin, Enoch, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, m. o. Dec. 24, 1864. . ' v ./ 
Epperson, P. B., Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, vet., died at Marietta, Ga., 
I, 1864, wounds. 

Haver, Horace, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, ;; . . :' 

Hendricks, A. G., Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, " "X . '- 

' McKee, James, Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, vet., m. o. July ii, 1865, as 

sergt. 

McDonald, Wm., Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, m. o. Dec. 24, 1864. -' 

McDonald, John, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, disch. July 23, 1862, dis. ' { : 
McDonald, John, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, disch. July 23, 1862, dis. 
Switzer, Isaac, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, m. o. Dec. 24, 1864. 
' Shoemaker, J. J., Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, vet, pris. of war, at m. o. of 
Thurman, James, Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i. 

.: Underwood, Wm., Hermon, e. Dec. i, i86i, m. o. Dec. 24, 1864. ;" ; 
Virtue, Thos. R., Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, disch. Oct. 22, 1862, dis. ... 

/; Whitehead, John, Hermon, e. Nov. i, i86i, disch. Nov. i, 1862, dis. ; 

,-, :^^' V-./'-,^ ;.-./''.. :\ :'.':./.':'-;. Recruits '::-;;'>. .^''. ' ' "'''^v^' 

Beldon, Geo. C., Knoxville, e. Eeb. 21, 1864, m. o. July ii, 1865. .;; .;-; 
Bread, Geo. F., Hermon, e. Aug. 29, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1865. / . 
Decker, Wm., Hermon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1865. . ' vv 

.' Donegan, Michael, Hermon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1865. .' 
Caruthers, M. S., Hermon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1865. :: 
Gassett, James H., Hermon, e. Aug. 13, 1863, m. o. June 12, 1865. .y ';;:'' 
Haver, George, Hermon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1865, as corpl. 

Headley, John, Hermon, e. Sept. 13, 1862, m. o. June 8, 1865. 
Massey, David, Hermon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1862. ' . . 7 '' 
Milan, Lewis, Hermon, e. Jan. 19, 1862, m. o. April 25, 1865. ; 
Methenia, S., Hermon, e. Jan. 17, 1862, m. o. Jan. 29, 1865. ;;.' 
Vice, J., Hermon, e., Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. May 31, 1865. . j' 
Rupert, J. N., St. Augustine, e. Dec. 21, i86i. . 

.;;,,,;; ,,\\-- . .:--:::;. .-.-.j 65TH INFANTRY p'v'-:-\.. "'''!:-'-- 
./'>;;;:";;'. I.; ^';', '^ V ;, :-i-'.;':^ :.-_: COMPANY A x . ..^^;.-''!.- ; ^ ' : ^- -r- .'v-''" 
' ;^''-/';'/' :'" Privates '.-':."'/:.''.'-'' V'-'^ ' 

Bailey, S., Henderson, e. Feb. 31, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. - ; 

Crouch, William, Altona, e. Feb. 25, 1862, vet, m. o. July 13, 1865. 
. Crites, Eli, Oneida, e. Feb. 28, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. 
; Connor, M. R., Henderson, e. Feb. 24, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. 

Echerd, Wm., Victoria, e. March 6, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. - : \; . 

Hanna, J. S., Knoxville, e. Feb. 5, 1862, vet, m. o. July 13, 1865. 

Hanna, G. A., Knoxville, e. Feb. 4, 1862, m. o. April i8, 1865. 
' Johnson, Alex., Henderson, e. March 9, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. . 

Lane, I., Altona, e. Feb. i8, 1862, vet, m. o. July 13, 1865. - 'X 

. Snell, Jacob, Altona, e. Feb. 23, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. .- ;' 

Wilt, John, Henderson, e. March 6, 1862, vet., m. o. July 13, 1865. ; .: 



July .;. 



first S 



regt. 



286 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY :. ; 

Wilt, Wm. J., Sparta, e. Jan. 26, 1865, m. o. July 13, 1865. v. . 
Shaw, Ed. W., Oneida, e. Feb. 22, 1862, vet. .'::... 
Allen, Henry, Oneida. e. April 5, 1862, vet. ' V^ ; '^ 

Glen, J., Oneida. : ; ;/ ;>:;;; 

. ' 66TH INFANTRY ;,/,' ;;':/'.;'? 

..;--'"'' ' ^ COMPANY A ^' '''-" '''':..'/'^-':-. 

; Ross, George, e. Nov. 25, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. ^ . 

'':'.;. f-- '. / '.,' COMPANY F ..;'."' V/ -v''--^ ^'^ 

FtVj^ Sergeant 
Courtney, John A., Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, vet. pro. 2d lieut 



^^ '-..'. ^.. . .'-,:.-.' Sergeant , . ,': ;.-'^'^ '>'..;' ; 

Riggs, William B., Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, died at Corinth, Aug. 23, 1862. -f.V 

Corporals 

Pratt, Troy, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Sheffield, Frederick, Abingdon, Oct. lo, i86i, died at Paducah, Ky., April 5, 

1862. ,. ; . .^>.-:.^v'^VV::;.;:4-;.;;^-,^ vf.'^- 

Shrader, Edwin, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, disch. June 30, 1862, dis. ' ; , : j. 

..^- . .' ' -- ^ ..,: Privates - .-' .' : -'v.'. ;,'. I-- :.;;,...,/. 

Addleman, Wm., Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7, 1865, as corpl. , 
Niven, David S., Abingdon, e. Oct. i, i86i. P. s;-"- . '; "^ I- /X' :^ ^ 
Powder, Robert, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, disch. Sept. 21, 1864. ' 

Swartz, Edward, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i, vet., m. o. July 7 ,1865. . i 

Virtue, Samuel, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i. f 

Virtue, James, Abingdon, e. Oct. lo, i86i. ', ' .' ; 

Recruits 

Bell, William H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Blair, Andrew J., Abingdon, e. March 26, 1864, m. o. July 14, 1865. ; . ' : 
Boydston, Wm. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. ' 
Bailey, Ezra, Galesburg, e. Feb. 3, 1864, died at Kingston, Ga., Aug. 5, 1864. 
Clark, John, Galesburg, e. Feb. 12, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865, wd. 
Gossett, John H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Leadieu, Charles, Galesburg, e. Feb. 22, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
McPherrin, Wm., Abingdon, e. March ii, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Owen, Charles, Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Peabody, Washington, Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Tunnicliff, C. C., Abingdon, e. Feb. 23, i86i, m. o. July 7, 1865. 
Williford, Geo. W., Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, m. o. July 7, 1865. 



Unassigned 

Andrew, James H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 12, 1864, third enlistment. 
Axtell, N. J., Abingdon, e. March 12, 1864, disch. June 12, 1864. 



;-:;:'^;: V:'' ,-^ V^^^^ HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY >:- ::t;^; 287 

Cannon, J. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, disch. May 14, 1864. V::; --''; 
Downs, Levi M., Galesburg, e. Feb. 12, 1864, third enlistment. ,- . v: > v . 
Frisbie, Samuel F., Henderson, e. March i6, 1864. .---'/ 7-lA:V-. 

Wells, James A., Henderson, e. March i6, 1864, vet. recruit. .'.-: -- V "'. 
Williamson, James, Abingdon, e. March i6, 1864. /: V : ' 

Russell, Charles, Alton, e. May i, 1862, m. o. May 15, 1865. ; : - :i 

Russell, Ed. C., Alton, e. May i, 1862, m. o. May 15, 1865. :-v .-.;'! 

-.:'.'' -;-. , -. V- ? --'. 

* . ' -.- r^; 

.;':';:'- .,',-':...-"'.' ^:%;'"/-'- 67TH INFANTRY. - '. :^^;' ' - '.;;" ,''':/.-:-" 

.' . ' ' . ^- . .' -;-' '" .. ' ' r -'.---. '-.'''.-.'' -^ -.- 

;;;.. v';:;".^//',/.'^- .;"':. t.-,-'l ^'' COMPANY F -''.--/V -/-V;.-' -' \_. "XA-'.- '''-.- -^^r "';, 

Adams, W., Yates City, e. Jan. 2, 1862. >;:; v v. ': - r ; \^'- ; 
Chrisman, Geo., Salem, e. Jan. 2, 1862. \'-'^''-'::-' ''.'^:'' / " .v ' ' - - / ; 

Grim, Wm., Yates City, Jan. 3, 1862. ' '.' . 'Tv"^ . , -' V": '?:- 

Grim, Milton, Yates City, e. May 31, 1862. .';"'''.!.. C:! .' \ . :; '^ : 

Miller, J. O., Yates City, e. Jan. 2, 1862. ;.. -j ^.v ,.' > : V 'v ';.;-;': 

Richardson, I., Maquon, e. Jan. 2, 1862. . ; ', ' 'v.: V 

Shallenberger, J., Maquon, e. Jan. 2, 1862. i ';;;; : \ '. ',V^; ; 

Swadley, D. F., Yates City, Jan. 4, 1862. :;;''-;: , ;. -i . 

Shealy, Wm., Maquon, e. Jan. 3, 1862. ! - .; :>. ' '' x ' >? A \^ 

Sherman, O., Maquon. :;::'; ^".'V';'^ V; - ; v : . ' ' r. 

Ziner, J., Maquon. 'v-^^;'; ''?\N--i::^ 

-;v A-' 6qTH INFANTRY ^''/..""V: '..>.:.'.':-!-' 

, , - .'...-'--.'" 'j' '' -^ ' ' >'-** .- ' - .- '. .'.''' ' : "^ .'-- 

- ^ '''- ':i-- ''';''' ''.''' '::/;"''' COMPANY D ,;!';.:'; '^-^ >5- ' A'" -'':'-V,:'"''v' '--''''v;. 
':'''''' ' :-.- Musician "'- - ''';..''-' x',,.'--^;. 

Barnes, Wm. W., Oneida, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 5, 1862, corpL ..'I- V^ 

'"'^^ ';'"' ' " ' '"" Privates ' " ' ' ' ' ' ' '';; .-" - v.;'-^ [: 

Benson, O. P., Walnut Grove, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. ^k :., 
Burnham, Asa., Oneida, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. 'f . ; \ : r - : 

Carson, J. W., Galesburg, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. '; : ' V,-; 
Case, J. W., Victoria, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. ' - . .,.-''. 
Elliott, G. W., Victoria, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. -.: '^ . v'.;^'r 
Godaer, Wm., Altona, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. 
Jones, O., Oneida, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. r . - : ' 
Lamphere, J., Oneida, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. : -^v; 

Millberger, S., Galesburg, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. .. : 

Mollony, P. J., Lynn, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. ' 

Prather, Wm., Abingdon, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. . 
Powell, E., Oneida, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. . ,' : 

Swan, P., Altona, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. ' ; 

Topper, E., Altona, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. ' , v ;' 
Taft, N. G., Ontario, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. . ' V. 

Clark, H., Galesburg, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862.' . 

White, N., Victoria, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862, corpl. ;' 

..," :^-'.'. ^'^^ ' , . .^v- " COMPANY F - . ' . -.:W'.- 

Cavanaugh, J., Ontario, e. June 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 6, 1862. .''.- 
Williams, James, Galesburg, e. June 4, 1862, disch. July 6, 1862. .; 






288 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

"':'-'- ^ ^. ^ ^. ' 7IST INFANTRY :'.";.;;'. 

^ .''--'"''"' .; -. . COMPANY B ^' :.:', 

Courtney, James M., Abingdon, e. July lo, 1862. 
Wade, Hirman, Henderson, e, July lo, 1862. ,. . 

COMPANY D ; . ;;. 

Emerson, John, Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862. , V 

Howard, F. A., Abingdon, e. July 3, 1862. ; v 

Nation, John, Henderson, e. July 5, 1862. 
Stiggall, John, Galesburg, e. July 4, 1862. 
Scott, William, Galesburg, e. July 3, 1862. ' . 



:''.,->';" ' COMPANY E v: '"';.:". ^ \ . "v. '' 

-t' ' ' . ' .-;.'.'.'-..' 

,:':',;, Second Lieutenant '-.: ' 

Latimer, William D., Galesburg, e. July 22, 1862. . ; 

'''"-- Sergeants ' - - '' : 

Craig, Wm., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Hair, J. T., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 

' Corporals " '"'"''' 

Thompkins, Spencer, Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Goldman, Elisha H., Galesburg, e. July i2, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Baker, Willis D., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Aiken, Lewis B., Oneida, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Davis, Marcus, Galesburg, e. July 7, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Poling, Theodore C., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862 
Latimer, Jonathan C., Abingdon, e. July 5, 1862, m, o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Howard, John M., Galesburg. e. July 7, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 

:.>:--'- '-.'^ ' -.'. Privates '/-'.;/';':>, '>'.-':\ . 

Ayers, Geo. P., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Andrews, J. H., Galesburg, e. July 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Comstock, Merrill H., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Downs, Levi M., Abingdon, e. July 5, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Dickerson, Fountain, Abingdon, e. July 5, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Dowdy, J. H., Abingdon, e. July 20. 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Forquher, David, Galesburg, e. June 24, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Howard, W. H., Galesburg, e. June 24, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Loud, Silas J., Galesburg, e. July 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Moburg, Andrew, Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Myers, Richard, Galesburg, e. July i8, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Norris, Joseph C., Knoxville, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Norris, John C., Knoxville, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Price, Charles W., Knoxville, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Rogers, G. F., Galesburg, e. July i8, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 
Robinson', M. L., Galesburg, e. July i6, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



289 



Strongs Samuel B., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. A , ':;;^::; 

Scott, Henry C, Galesburg, e. July 21, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. :^ :>':' 
Wetmore, T. K., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. , ^ 

Wright, Paul, Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. ; ' . ^i^^^ 
Woodward, H. T., Galesburg, e. June 30, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. ; 
Weltey, Joseph, Galesburg, e. July 4, 1862, m. o. Oct. 29, 1862. V: 

" ^'''". . '. '-?;-- 

.;'':;. '^' /'-'' : :-."- /'''V;'', COMPANY F "''"":' 'v'-^- v . -" '^' C--^"i-: .'':'' 



;v Post, William F., Galesburg, e. July i8i, 1862. .;\?;:-<"v . '-J/;' ''.' ;. 

;'-'' ' - - Privates ''^ '''-,'-'''. ^:,- ''{"-. '''^^..- ':!'' :- 

,5 Pierce, Charles, Galesburg, e. July 24, 1862. :^ ; -Ci ' ' ' . ;:^\ 

'.: Price, Hershell, Galesburg, e. July i8, 1862. .:;;"- /^': -,. 

: ; Plumer, J. N., Galesburg, e. July i8, 1862. y--;l:< -;: , ' ^ ' '.vr-' 

:. , West, Dolphus, Galesburg, e. July 19, 1862. :],-' A; ; .? . 5^ : ; Ji' 

...-'^'- .-..: ; ''.'-^^' :'"' 720 INFANTRY --,:':; .^'%// ;;'.;-'.; ^ "> 

' - Was organized at Chicago, as the ist Regiment of the Chicago Board of 
Trade. Its first bills were put out for one company, calling itself the "Hancock 
Guards," on July 23, 1862, and exactly one month afterward the entire 
regiment was complete and mustered into service for three years. The very 
day of their muster they were started for Cairo, where they arrived on the 24th. 
Their strength at that time was 37 officers and 930 men. On the 6th of Sep- 
tember they were ordered to Paducah, Kan., March i the division of which the 
72d Regiment formed a part started down the Yazoo Pass, but finding Fort 
Pemberton in their way, and not being able to take it then, went back April 23, 
then landed at Milliken's Bend, La., and from there marched with Grant's army 
to Vicksburg. May i6 they arrived at Champion Hills, just in time to turn the 
enemy's left, and by that movement decided the fate of the day. Oct. 30, 1864, 
they were ordered to report to Maj.-Gen. Howard and in pursuance of this order 
arrived at Nashville, Tenn., Nov. 13. They there found themselves too late to 
join Sherman in his "great march to the sea." 

Schofield's army found it convenient to retire toward Nashville. On Nov. 29 
they evacuated Columbia, and the 72nd was in a severe skirmish with the enemy at 
Spring Hill, on the road between Columbia and Franklin. On the succeeding day 
they arrived at Franklin, and hastily threw up some light earthworks. About 4 
o'clock that afternoon Hood attacked them, and the battle raged from that hour 
until midnight with terrific fury. In that fight the 72d lost 9 officers out of i6 
engaged, and 152 men, who were either killed or severely wounded. On Aug. 6 
they were mustered out of service at Vicksburg, and then marched directly home 
to Chicago. During their term of service they received 450 recruits and when 
ordered home they transferred 270 of these to the 32d Illinois Veteran Vols., at 
Meriden, Miss. They brought home 22 officers and 310 men. 

The 72d Regiment contained 80 men from Knox county; 6 were killed, 3 
wounded, 7 died, and 5 were taken prisoners. :' : ^' 



290 . HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

;,; .n^'/:/^' ./ ".". " ".;.. COMPANY B .;---.:;-...,.- ,/'^'.v .'. ..'i 

I ^ Recruits ' . 

: Ayres, Nelson, Abingdon, e. Feb. i6, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. , ' ;.;/, 

. Burton, Hiram S., Henderson, e. Dec. 24, 1863, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. : 

Benneson, Henry, Galesburg, e. Jan. 5, 1864, disch. for pro. -',': 

Cole, Stephen D., Galesburg, e. Jan. 5, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. | r v- ;; .:; 

Cronan, Richard, Maquon, e. Dec. i8, 1863, kid. at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 



Dean, Charles, Henderson, e. Jan. 22, 1864. " ' 

Davis, James R., Galesburg, e. Jan. 5, 1864, kid. at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 

1864. -:.:.-;./:.;.:;: -; - .^....^. ... .;vx::v: -/.i;^ >,.- r\ -:;/ 

Frickle, Erastus, Galesburg, e. Feb. 3, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. , : 
Hatfield, Isaac B., Galesburg, e. Jan. 29, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Holmes, David H., Wataga, e. Jan. 2, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Hammond, J. P., Galesburg, e. Feb. lo, 1864. 

Johnson, Frank A., Galesburg, e. Feb. 6, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Lond, Silas J., Galesburg, e. Feb. 6, 1864, sick at Nashville. 
Lewis, James M., Galesburg, e. Feb. 9, 1864, pris. of war. 
McQueen, W. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 8, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Matthews, Charles, Galesburg, e. Feb. 9, 1865, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Mason, Swen, Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 29, 1865. 
Nevett, Wilson J., Maquon, e. Dec. 7, 1863, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Peterson, Peter, Galesburg, e. Dec. 28, 1863, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Parkinson, Isaac, Galesburg, e. Feb. 6, 1864. . 

Penny, Columbus, Henderson, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. June 27, 1865. 
Swanson, Nelse, Galesburg, e. Feb. 8, 1864, taken pris. Nov. 30, 1864. ' 

Swanson, August, Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, pris. of war. : 

Swanson, Eric, Galesburg, e. Feb. 8, 1864, m. o. June 20, 1865. i :': v 
Snyder, Robert M., Henderson, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 29, 1865, as corpl. 
Taylor, Jerry, Galesburg, e. Jan. 5, 1864, killed at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 

1864. 

Vantee, John, Maquon, . Dec. i8, 1863, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. ' 
Vantee, J. C., Maquon, e. Dec. 9, 1863, pris. of war, died Nov. 1865. j 

Whitman, Isaac A., Altona, e. Feb. i6, 1864, sick at New Orleans. 

V Whitman, Geo. E., Altona, e. Feb. i8, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 
Waters, John, Wataga, e. Jan. 25, 1863, m. o. Noy. 24, 1865. 
Walker, Geo. J., Galesburg, e. Dec. 19, 1863, died while a pris. at Corinth, v- 
Woodward, H. T., Galesburg, e. Dec. 4, 1863, killed at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 

30, 1864. ... .... .. ... ..,\ v:.K.v .. ...^, :-.. 

.'- -. ' , ' :. COMPANY C '":'' 'r^',^'-''''-:^''.i:,'^---. 

" Sergeant -':;-. 

Barnes, Samuel D., Galesburg, pro. ist lieut. 1864, U. S. C. Q. 



COMPANY F ^;:. /.;. /..l''";^. .;'..; .'.r; 

Beary, Daniel, Galesburg, e. Jan. 26, 1864, m. 6. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Collins, John, Galesburg, Jan. 5, 1864, died at New Orleans, La., May 4, 1865. 

Grant, Charles F., Galesburg, e. Dec. 28, 1863, disch. for dis. Nov. 7, 1865. 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 291 



.;;';;;-'T\-r;. .,;'.';'-'' COMPANY G -.;.;; .; 

Anderson, Andrew J., Galesburg, e. Feb. 3, 1864, trans, to V. R. C. v^ . 
James, Thomas, Galesburg. 

Magoon, Wm. E., Oneida, e. Feb. 20, 1864, on furlough at m. o. of regt. 
Padduck, Lemuel, Knoxville, e. Feb. 13, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. t 



.;:'...:'.'''. ''..',-': '"../.'.VV^'^-. .;':'.:'',. '-._: COMPANY I ..;,''<-.- -.=;- x.^ ' .v;- . 

Sergeants 

' Corbin, Richard B., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disch. for dis. March 
30, 1863. 

Bennett, Geo. W., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. July 20, 1865. i , 

-. .:-v.>.. . ';. :.-v ..-; Corporal '-;'- - ' .,:..'--.-:: :'..^ 

Winsett, John, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disch. for dis. Feb. 6, 1863. 

Musicians ; 

Harrod, Allen H., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disch. for dis. Feb. 6, 1863. 
Hall, Wm. M., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, disch. May 25, 1865. 

] Wagoner t'; 

Jennings, William, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. June 8, 1863. 

:'';.:-:'"',-'/ ^ ',;'/:-. A;'-'-; A ;r!':-^:- Privates ' ;>':'vr-V ';v^;v';- 

Abbot, Orin H., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. Aug. 7, 1865. - .- 
Babbitt, C. F., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, absent, wd. at m. o. regt. ',: '"'''.' 
Bradbury, N., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. Aug. 7, 1865. 
Burrage, Dewitt C., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at St. Lx>uis July 

31, 1863. --^ :^:r-;'" :; . : -;' ;-^r:r: ^^ --:^^^Tl 

Collinson, Victor, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. May 29, 1865. ^ 
Chreighton, John M., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. May 29, 1865. ,=^ 
Freese, Phillip, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. May 29, 1865. 
Freese, James, St. Augfustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. May 29, 1865, as 
corpl., wd. ;. 'v ' 

Frelder, William, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. May 29, 1865. . ' 
Honts, Daniel, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, trans, to invalid corps. ;, 
Honts, James E., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. Aug. 7, 1865. 
Lovewill, C. W., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, kid. at Vicksburg, May 22, 

1863. 

Owen, B. D. C., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. June 3, 1865. 

Randall, Edwin, St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Ft. Pemberton, 
April 3, 1863. 

Roe, J. E., St. Augustine, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. July 4, 1865. ; , .;,: X; r , . 

Switzer, Peter, Hermon, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. Aug. 7, 1865. '.':.. 



Recruits 



Babbitt, S. J., St. Augustine, e. Jan. 3, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. ' ; ;; . / jf 
Bowers, J. W., Galesburg, e. Jan. 2, 1864. , ;'^;. ' V^^.' >/'-> 



':;';-'. '^.''^ \^-': 'v'..;.- '' ' '.;;''' -..^ '-i^: .''': ;,' -' '^VV.^V^/'-'T-'''"'- '^V\^'' '"'!. '' ' '' V"''-' '^'' 
'"",' '^. ',J'y'''., ;. '''^ .''''';;- !'"';'' ^ic^,'.'^'.'\.^;' '-'^'';^/-'\-,;.-''^- ^ /<--'';.'.^'''- . ' ..'-: '- '.^:-:' ':.;' 



: HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY -^^^ f' 

Collinson, James C., Abingdon, e. Feb. 22, 1864, disch. May ii, 1865, wounds. 
' Darffy, F. M., Galesburg, e. Dec. 24, 1863, disch. Oct. 4, 1864, dis. 
', Imel, T. J., St. Augustine, e. Jan. 5, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

: Miller, Wm., Galesburg, . Dec. 27, 1863. 

. McGrew, D. C., Abingdon, e. Feb. 5, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

McGrew, C. M., Abingdon, e. Feb. 8, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

. McGrew, J. L., Abingdon, e. Feb. 8, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. 

Margors, Sandy, Abingdon, e. Feb. 22, 1864, kid. at Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 
30, 1864. 

Smith, C F., Galesburg, e. Feb. 5, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1865. I : 

' Snyder, Solomon, Abingdon, e. Feb. i6, 1864, died at Vicksburg, May 25, 1864. 
Scott, Wm. H., Knoxville, e. Jan. 5, missing in action at Franklin, Tenn., 
Nov. 30, 1864. 

Thurman, Isaac, Galesburg, absent, sick at m. o. regt. '- . . - 
Turner, C. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 29, 1864, m. o. Nov. 24, 1864. 
Haurmon. Isaac, Abingdon, e. Feb. 8, 1864. _, . 

: ;' V _ - 77TH INFANTRY '".>'!';.';'''' v '.;'-' 

This regiment was mustered into the United States service Sept. 3, 1862, at 
Peoria ; remained in camp there till Oct. 4. It then proceeded to Covington, Ky., 
and reported to Maj.-Gen. Gordon Granger. Nov. 20, 1862, the regiment em- 
barked on steamer for Memphis; remained there until Dec. 20. The division 
was re-organized and reported to Maj.-Gen. Sherman. Embarked at Memphis 
on the 2Oth, and proceeded down the river with Sherman's army for the capture 
of Vicksburg. The 77th occupied the extreme right of the line, and participated 
in the attack on rebel works. After four days fighting the attack was abandoned, 
and the army proceeded to Milliken's Bend, La. Left there Jan. 5, 1863, and 
arrived at Arkansas Post on the loth. Participated in the assault on the fol- 
lowing morning; after a few hours hard fighting, carried the place, capturing all 
it contained. The loss of the regiment here was 6 killed and 39 wounded some 
of the latter mortally. The regiment in this battle behaved admirably, and 
was complimented by the commanding general for its gallant conduct. 

The regiment remained with Gen. Grant's army during the entire campaign 
around Vicksburg, and the siege of the latter place, until its surrender. It was 
engaged in the actions at Champion Hills, May 17; Black River Bridge, May 19; 
first charge on Vicksburg, the 22nd and 23rd; losing in these engagements 20 
killed, 86 wounded and 26 missing. Vicksburg surrendered on the 4th of July, 
and the next day the regiment marched to Jackson with the army under Sher- 
man. Arrived July 9, and was under the fire of the enemy at that place till 
the 1 6th, when Jackson was evacuated, and the 77th returned to Vicksburg, where 
it remained till Aug. 25, when it embarked for New Orleans, where it re- 
mained in camp until Oct. 3. Left New Orleans at that time for Western 
Louisiana; marched up Red River, driving the enemy until Sabine Cross Roads 
was reached on the 8th of April, 1864, where it met the enemy in force. The 77th 
belonged to the division under Gen. Ransom, which was ordered forward to 
support the advance cavalry. Before the army could be brought forward to 
their support the whole rebel army came down on them and overwhelmed the 
entire division. In this engagement the 77th suffered terribly : Lieut.-Col. Webb 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ^^; >/:; . 293 



was killed instantly, besides 176 officers and men killed, wounded, and made ; 
prisoners, leaving only 125 men in the regiment for duty. On the next day Gen. 
A. J. Smith's corps came up, and at Reasant Hill another battle was fought, ; 
ending in the complete defeat of the rebels. The regiment was with Gen. Canby's '" 
army during the entire siege and capture of Spanish Fort, Blakely, and Mobile, .: 
and was under fire the entire time. It remained in camp at Mobile until July 
lo, 1865, at which time it was mustered out of service. 

In this regiment were 154 men from Knox county, in four companies. Of 
these 3 were killed, so far as we can learn, 17 died, lo wounded, and 5 taken , 
prisoners. ' v 

r ' ^ - - Lieutenant Colonel '- .... f-';:. ;-..*;.. 

Burdett, John A., Knoxville, e. Sept. 2, 1862, res. Jan. 3, 1865. - ;^^ .;.., 

'>':': Sergeant Major .:'--J'.';:.;;= v t.;-- ' ' x'-^v"'v- -v, -'-': 

Ayres, Henry P., Galesburg, pro. adjt., , . . ..Vl?.-! ^ ;-^, .7 ' A--'-'; ^ 

^' '' ^ " ' . - -^ -^^ ' .l>'^ ": Q, M. Sergeant V--::.^--^ : -';',. 'V-^/-;^:-V''--'; ', 
Stiller, Wm., Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. ; .- : ' J ; 

'.'',.. '- ,:':,- ' /' ':'''': ^^.'/': COMPANY A' '. ^f'-rVo'^; .. - . '_-' \ ' --,''"-;:' ..^^ v" "'' ^ '" 

Captain '" ' ' ' ; ': V\'.,';,c;; ' ^ 

Steams, Gardner G., Knoxville, Sept. 2, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. . '.'^ -:;';: 

,'' ;' '^''x;'-- '.\- -;';...', . '.; :v;"... First Lieutenant H/';:-'-N.- .:' . . .;:. :'''v-V'"-:t--V 7 /', 
Clark, Merritt M., Galesburg, e. Sept. 2, 1862, m. o. July lo, 18(65. :/! .' 'v : ., 

' ' - - ' Second Lieutenants ' ' ,.; ;_ ; . . -X'T/:' 

Arms, Charles H., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, declined com. :- : 

W^illcox, Wm. H., Galesburg, e. Aug. 5, 1862, pris. 14 months, m. o. July 

10,1865. : ,,\ ^:^/^^, :..-. :^^ ->..' '.-'-O". , ^ ~ ':.-_ ..--'^-''- .,':.'' -^ 

:.;.;:'.;,;-...;.;'''; .V .':. V^ First Sergeant ^' :.'.>;.; - cicVO-i,, .-^^, ' 
Holcomb, W. H., Jr., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, pro. in U. S. C. troops. 1 V 

'''- - ' '' " ' - -T .... ,,.:,..,. Sergeant '-^'- "'^'- '- ^ '''- '' ^^ ;\, _,'.;' 

Harrison, Thomas, Galesburg, e. July i8, 1862, pro. in U. S. C. troops. - >i' 

'". .\- -','.',' --v '^'"' ^'>-.'.. Corporal t-';?--.';'' '/'O-'V'.- .'V'V'-'''-V''v.7" ''/ 

Sanbum, John H., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, pro. in U. S. C. troops. ' ^" 
West, Lyman, Galesburg, e. July 17, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. - .. 

Griffith, John H., Galesburg, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 7, 1865, as sergt. .. } - 
Fields, Charles G., Galesburg, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. , ' - . 

Privates ' r-. . 

Avery, Robt.. H., Galesburg, e. Aug. 15, 1862, pris. at Andersonville, m. o. 
June 9, 1865. V 



294 ; : HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY v^^^'Vif-;, 

.Anderson, John, Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, disch. for wounds received 
at Ark. Post. 

Bacon, H. F., Galesburg, e. Aug. 5, 1862, kid. at New Orleans, Dec. 25, 1863. 

Barber, Henry A., Elba, e. Aug. 12, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865, as sergt. 
y Bolt, Samuel, Knoxville, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died of wounds, June 21, 1863. 
, Bull, J. H., Galesburg, e. Aug. 9, 1862, disch. April 6, 1863, dis. f: ' 

Burdett, W. H. H., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, disch. April 7, 1863, dis. .':!; 
; Burlingame, J. C, Galesburg, e. July 17, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. :' 

Butler, G. D., Galesburg, e. August 9, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865, sergt. 

Churchill, W., Galesburg, e. Aug. i, 1862, died at Young's Point, La., Feb. 

7, 1863. t ^ ;J^ 

Coe, W. S., Knoxville, e. Aug. 9, 1862, disch. June 2, 1865, sergt. dis. . '' ; 

Connell, Geo., Truro, e. Aug. 12, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

i Conner, Isaac, Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. I ' 
. Dippery, Milton, Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, disch. Nov. 17, 1863, wounds. 

Divert, James, Knoxville, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 

Ferris, H. F., Galesburg, e. Aug. 15, 1862, pro. in U. S. C. troops. 
; Fisher, Alex. R., Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, died in Knox Co., Oct. lo 1863. 

Foster, C. P., Truro, e. Aug. 12, 1862, disch. April 7, 1863, dis. I; . 

Fuller, F. G., Galesburg, e. Aug. 13, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. ; 

' : Green, Fdwin F., Galesburg, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865, corpl. . v 
: Hall, Ira R., Galesburg, e. Aug. 15, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. ' ^ 

Hester, H. D., Galesburg, e. Aug. 7, 1862, disch. April 7, 1863, dis. I 
. Hensey, C., Galesburg, e. Aug. 9, 1862, disch. April 7, 1863, dis. ; 

Holcomb, Peter, Knoxville, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at New Orleans, Nov. 
lo, 1863. 

Hurd, A. E., Galesburg, e. Aug. 15, 1862, m. o. July 8, 1865. 

Jenney, E. W., Galesburg, e. Aug. 9, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 

Losey, H. E., Galesburg, Oct. i, 1862, pro. maj. in U. S. C. troops. 

Luddington, W. W., Knoxville, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at Cairo, March lo, 1863. 

Mather, S. or Lewis R., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, died at St. Louis, Feb. 

14,1863. ' i 

Mather, Lewis, Knoxville, e. Aug. 9, 1862, died at St. Louis, March i6, 1863. 
; Miller, H. H., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, pro. in U. S. C. troops. . 
. McGraw, J. M., Galesburg, e. Aug. i8, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 

Moore, J. D., Knoxville, e. Aug. 9, 1862, disch. June ii, 1863, dis. 
' Ostrander, J. W., Knoxville, e. July 31, 1862, died at Milliken's Bend 
April 6, 1863. 

Ott, William, Knoxville, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865, pris. war. .' 

Rambo, Julius, Knoxville, e. Aug. 9, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 

Randall, J. P., Knoxville, e. Aug. 12, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 1 ; 

, Reynolds, John, Knoxville, e. Aug. 15, 1862, disch. June 3, 1863, dis. -. ; 

Russell, Alfred, Knoxville, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. July 17, 1865. . 

Sanburn, C. W., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
. Swan, Lewis J., Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 

Tarleton, J. H., Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. ; 

Tompkins, John, Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, died of wounds) Jan. i6, 1863. 

Ward, C. H., Galesburg, e. Aug. ii, 1862, pro. hos. steward U. S. A. 



. ; :^-: .; .^ .;:' ; ^ ? ; HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 

Wilber, John, Knoxville, e. Aug. 1862, kid. at Vicksburg, May 22, 1863. 
^ Witherell, A. D., Knoxville, e. Aug. 12, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
:v Woodmansee, Geo. Jr., Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 

Woodruff, Joseph D., Galesburg, e. Aug. ii, 1862, died at Young's Point, La., 
June 9, 1863. 
: Woolsey, J. L., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 

^ _ ^ . . - . . ^ . , '*' 

;.'"'" ' "' -.---..,.. Recruits '' ' ' < 

: Allison, W. C. C., Galesburg, Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
: Arms, H. G., Knoxville, e. Dec. i6, 1863, m. o. June 17, 1865. 

Bartlett, Levi S., Galesburg, e. Feb. 3, 1864, m. o. June 24, 1865. 

Bancroft, C. E., Galesburg, e. Feb. 8, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Boher, Daniel, Galesburg, e. Jan. 20, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865 

Bates, Francis, Galesburg, e. Jan. 26, 1864, died at Galesburg, Oct. 12, 1864. 

Chadrich, E. A., Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
. Conaro, Geo. W., Galesburg, e. Feb. 12, 1864. 

Day, C. H., Wataga, e. Feb. 29, 1865, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
V; Evans, F. M., Galesburg, e. Feb. 9, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Heagy, James F., Galesburg, e. Feb. 9, 1864, died at Baton Rouge, La., July 
l8, 1864. 

Hope, C. C., Galesburg, e. Jan. 4, 1864, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
,; Judson, Alfred M., Galesburg, e. Feb. 27, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Kay, Robert, Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15. 1865. 

Meadows, C. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 15, 1864, trans, to V. R. C 

May, Charles, Galesburg, e. Feb. 12, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Martin, F. M., Galesburg, e. Feb. i8, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Mather, James, Knoxville, e. Nov. 9, 1863, m. o. June 17, 1865 

Ott, Samuel, Orange, e. Nov. i8, 1863, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Perkins, Theodore, Persifer, e. Nov. 30, 1863, m. o. June 17, 1865. 

Price, C. W., Galesburg, e. Nov. 9, 1864, pro. in io7th U. S. C. troop. 
, Rambo, J. S., Haw Creek, e. Dec. 30, 1863, m. o. June 17, 1865, pris. war. 

Rambo, Joseph, Haw Creek, e. Dec. 30, 1863, disch. July i, 1864, wounds. 
. Read, C. W., Galesburg, e. Feb. 9, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
" Smith, William, Gilson, e. Dec. 30, 1863, m. o. June 17, 1865, pris. war. 
' Smith, C. B., Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865 

Spidle, Alfred, Persifer, e. Feb. lo, 1865, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865 

Tree. Wm. S., Persifer, e. Dec. 30, 1863, died at Tyler, Texas, July 22, 
1864, pris. war. 

Wallace, E. A., Galesburg, e. Feb. 22, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

Wentworth, M. H., Galesburg, e. Feb. 6, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
. Witherell, Geo. W., Galesburg, e. Feb. ii, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
: Wills, Benj. F., Persifer, e. Dec. 30, 1863, m. o. Aug. 9, 1865. 

Wallack, Jacob, Persifer, e. Feb. 1865, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

' '>^";,''?'{\^'''' ^ "'''."' '''v'/VV^"!;/ COMPANY F " > j^C "^^ '''v^": .... ; 

.; - .:-. ': -.'. . :':.... . '.. Captain ''-'.'''' ' . ^ 

Secord, James A., Yates City, e. Sept. 2, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. . 



296 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;: 

..:,:.; First Lieutenant 

Kenyon, Geo. C., Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, pro. capt., m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

,y"'~-^'-' ' ' ' ^ Musician '" -"'^ '--'.';. "i- '- ^'- 

Nixon, Charles, Gilson, e. Aug. 22, 1862, kid. at Vicksburg, June 22, 1863. 



v'.'. Privates 

Coe, J. S., Knoxville, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865, corpl. 
Fowler, William, Gilson, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865, corpl. 
Hummell, Casper, Yates City, e. July 28, 1862. 

Irwin, T. A., Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, disch. Aug. i8, 1864, dis. ' 
Johnson, N. E., Knoxville, e. Aug. 22, 1862, disch. May 30, 1863, dis. 
Kent, James F., Yates City, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
Lawrence, Geo., Knoxville, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865, sergt. 
Lockbaum, D., Knoxville, e. Aug. 8, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
Miner, James, Knoxville, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. | . 
Macey, D. B., Yates City, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
Miner, J. W., Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, disch. June lo, 1863, dis. 
Newman, P. S. L., Knoxville, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. May 13, 1865. " 
Standiford, DeWitt C., Knoxville, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 2, 1865. 
Thurman, Thomas, Elba, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
Thomas, G. W., Elba, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 

;:.-'/'',.'.'' '. .'-.:':'. Recruits -\\ ''''-::.-'-'-'.,''',:'"'' -^ 

Adams, J. W., Yates City, e. Dec. 29, 1863, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
Hamerick, J. D., Yates City, e. Dec. 25, 1863, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
Lutkieweiz, J., Persifer, e. Feb. lo, 1865, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 



"^ ;';.;.'-'/:'' "'' .. '.. COMPANY G ,'.-', ''; ^^ -'.; -X -.'-.'' 

. ;-. . Wagoner - -^ . 

Alderdice, Jacob, Eugene, e. August 6, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1864. 

: / Privates " _' . "- '; .'' . , - 

Collister, William, Eugene, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1864. 
Ensley, Joseph D., Truro, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
Ensley, Isaac, Truro, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
Fetters, J. H., Yates City, e. Aug. ii, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
German, L. A., Truro, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 
Jacques, H., Truro, e. Aug. 5, i86i. 
Martin, Elias, Eugene, e. Aug. 12, 1862, reported died of wounds received 
April 8, 1864. - / 

Niles, A. B., Eugene, e. Aug. 5, 1862, pro. hos. steward. "> . 
Tucker, S., Eugene, e. Aug. lO, 1862, disch. Feb. i8, 1863. 
Hummel, Casper, Yates City. 
Stewart, Robert H., Elba, e. Feb. 19, 1864, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 



1 i^ ;V\ X V , HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ;' V-y 297 



'; ' -:\: .-'^. .;'''..' ^ :;.yy-."-:.'^'ry y->- ';:; COMPANY I 
V '^" y 'yy/;'.!. ; First Lieutenants ' _. ' ^ y'^ -iv';'?.v.--y r\ 
yy yv>y Mathews, Thomas C., Salem, e. Aug. 14, 1862, pro. capt. m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. 
.' - ' Hull, Abraham, Salem, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. , . 

vy., "' y^ yv^vy- ', : 'y - * ''^y.-:::;V .K; ;' f Privates "- yy-;"y- ' . y ; ' y'-.'v'' '-'^'^yr-^'y {' 

. . y :'^ Anderson, L. D., Salem, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. .- y yy-y-^ ; ;w>l 
''y Benton, R., Salem, e. Aug. 22, 1862. 
: y Cox, Wm. M., Salem, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Benton Barracks, Mo., Feb. 

yy; ^'jy 2, 1862. 

yy j Dixon, Geo. M., Salem, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. ':y ;.;.>:'). 
' y -y: : Finch, Geo. T., Salem, e. Aug. 14, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. ^'V^ 'y y; 

: v> y- ; Hill, J. C., Salem, e. Aug. i8, 1862, m. o. July lO, 1865. ''^:/:' ^"--'f ,. 

:. y.'y- y Hildebrandt, P. A., Elba, Aug. 14, 1862, disch. Aug. 19, 1863, ^is. 
; y . Hauler, Anthony, Salem, e. Aug. 20, 1862, died at Louisville, Ky., Jan. 3, 1863. 
. /.Jordan, J. M., Salem, e. Aug. 22, 1862, m. o. July lo, 1865. 

Keller, Henry, Salem, e. Aug. 15, 1862, died at Covington, Ky., Nov. 15, 1862. 
', ' . Matthews, John H., Salem, e. Aug. 14, 1862, trans, to V. R. C. 

Moore, D. D., Salem, e. Aug. 14, 1862, died at Young's Pt., La., Feb. i, 1863. 
Thurman, Alexander, Salem, e. Aug. 1 8, 1862, m. o. June 17, 1865. 
y : .- yTorby, Thomas, Salem, e. Aug. 18,1862. .' y.y;y'y- : ' y. v. ; :.y;. y; 

-.; :' ' ' '^ , . . Recruits - - ' ,_\-:-^,-^.^ 

y , Dixon, J. W., Yates City, e. Dec. 23, 1863, disch. May ii, 1864, dis. ;- y vv.C 
: . McRill, Samuel, Eugene, e. Dec. 24, 1863, m. o. Aug. 15, 1865. -' ' / 

Null, S, C., Salem, e. Feb. 3, 1865, 'm. o. Aug. 15, 1865. y. . -y , ; >, 

'< y ; Denton, F. F., Galesburg. .; , .; :;.; r-^.. , 'yy; o. ;y 

;^ y.- ? King, C., Eugene. y^'- -.'->^v'Y.'--'-? y^^'--'yy:/--' "' '^^ '^' yy.-:- -^v^^ 

y - r'y - Morrissey, M., Galesburg. ' ''y/''yy>"y;'-y ;''-'-";;> y ; -"''v':''yyy'"-''-:^^; 

..vy.'''y- Murray, Walter, Galesburg. -y^y'-iy:' -yr-r^-yy.-yyi^y"-' ^.y :'y- yyr. V- y-; 

^./^ .; Martin, F. N., Wataga. -y''--; '"y '''" yy-'y':-yy'-; ' -^ - ~ ' '^':.- '-'-' 

':..'".- McAllister, H. S., Galesburg. yyy. C.- y'yy' ' ^ ^v^ 

'.-. "-y^ Stevens, Samuel, Galesburg. y-^ y/ y-y-yy-^'--;'' y'-xV y : ''"' 'y--y.''yy''%'y 

'y./y'- y^ ' ':-----.y';-:--'-.- '' .-v^^;- -J^';;-:' 830 INFANTRY '^ V'^V'' .'"''' '-:^''y':^^r;V^^";;' 
y Was organized at Monmouth, 111., in August, 1862, by Col. A. C. Harding, 

yyy*- and mustered in Aug. 21. Knox county furnished for the 83rd 416 men, repn 
; .. ' resented in five different companies. They moved from camp to Cairo, 111., 
;y . y, Aug. 25th, arriving there on the 29th, and reported to Brig.-Gen. Tuttle, Sept. 
y 3rd. Moved to Fort Henry, and on the 5th, leaving two companies at Fort 

Heiman and three at Fort Henry, was ordered to Fort Donelson, where the 

yy headquarters remained during the year. Col. Low, 5th Iowa Cavalry, commanding 

: brigade. The companies remaining behind afterwards rejoined the regiment, 

' ' and it remained at Fort Donelson until Sept. 20, 1863, when the right wing 

moved to Clarksville. The whole country, especially the banks of the Tennessee 
y: and Cumberland rivers, was infested with guerrillas ; the regiment had daily 
yy/ skirmishes with the enemy; some of them were quite severe, as at Waverly, Tenn., 



298 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



and at Garretsburg, Ky., where the lamented Gen. Ransom then colonel of the 
nth Illinois, had command. 

On the 3rd of February, 1863, nine companies of the 83rd, with Company 
C., 2nd Illinois Light Artillery, successfully resisted the attack of Forrest and 

Wheeler, with 8,000 men. The battle lasted from half-past i o'clock till half- ;..- 

past 8, p. m., when, the enemy was compelled to retire, with a loss of 800 killed - . 

and wounded. The loss of the regiment was 13 killed and 51 wounded. Col. V;-' 

Harding, was promoted to brigadier-general for gallant conduct on this occasion, ^ : , 

and Lieut.-Col. A. A. Smith, to colonel, o ' .: /:.'.' 

While at Clarksville the regiment was engaged in several expeditions under .-' 

Maj.-Gen. L. H. Rosseau, in pursuit of Forrest and Wheeler, who were attempt- .--,; 

ing the destruction of Ben. Sherman's communications. ;.. 

During the year 1864, the regiment had some 200 miles of comrrtunication to 'v:;. 

guard, and much heavy postal duty. During the winter of 1864-5, the 83rd was ^.y !; ..; 

on postal duty at Nashville, Tenn. .'- ' ,Vv 

Of the men furnished by Knox county, there were 30 died from various .;;':' 

diseases, 6 killed and 3 wounded. On the 26th of June, 1865, the 83rd was -f .': 

mustered out at Nashville, and moved for Chicago, Brevet-Brig.-Gen. Arthur ;' \ '': 
A. Smith commanding, where it received pay and final discharge. . 

'' Colonel 

Smith, Arthur A., Galesburg, e. Aug. 21, 1862, pro. Brig.-Gen., m. o. June <} 

26,1865. ' ' ' ^''''^ '''': '--^-^'i.^^ :/'.:'- ''':^^:^-:':-;- -'''::-:: 

Lieutenant Colonel ; : ; . : 

Brott, Elijah C., Knoxville, e. Sept. 30, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

' '- ; Quartermasters ' ' ; 

Colton, John B., Galesburg, e. Aug. 21, 1862, pro. brig. q. m. 
Bissell, Harmon D., Galesburg, kid. at Ft. Donelson, Feb. 3, 1863. 
Snyder, Geo., res. Feb. 7, 1864. . : . . ;... -' 

Sexton, Wm. H. m. o. June 26, 1865. .. : = ^i ,>.' ^ - 



:'-'.-'';>'!' ; -.'.. '':';:' Surgeon. ....';'./ .v .; '^VV-'.-.^:^-'^-'-! .: 
Cooper, Esaias S., Henderson, e. Nov. 14, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Second Assistant Surgeon ;' 

Morris, Richard, Galesburg, e. Sept. 20, 1862, pro. surgeon iO3d regt. ,. 



/-:.'.> ; . Sergeant Major .:-'/ ';'':.^ .. . 

Hurd, Theodore H., Galesburg, e. 1862, disch. Feb. 3, 1863, dis. 



' '' ' Musician '' " 

Nathaniel, Victoria, m. o. June 26, 1865. 



^'- .- COMPANY A ^-.L- \:<''A- ': 

Ritchie, Adam C., Haw Creek, e. Jan. i8, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. 



>; : " HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; ; ^ ,;; 290 

' '"' -'''''" COMPANY c '',"'. , /''K^.v'-';;;'-\--"'.^ 

Stanley, F., Rio, e. Jan. 31, 1865, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. ' : ;; \;7 

Undersood, Don Pedro, Rio, e. March i6, 1865, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. ; ' ' 

COMPANY D . -r}^ '^' > 

Whitcomb, L. S., Rio, e. Aug. 8, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. - .' ' . -; 

Smith, E. F., Rio, e. Jan. 31, 1865, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. ;. '; i;^ 

Thomson, R. J., Henderson, e. Feb. 15, 1864. ; .:: . -v . 



''?';%: '_[:.:./::..:''''.. ::;';" ';.'. COMPANY E ,;:::-;;..'; / _ ',;''':"'.,' "T-v' ' 

Captain 'f. : \;V:^ '. ',; 

Gilson, James M., Knoxville, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. .;.-.. 

-j- ':':.:.'-..'::. \ ' .,-:'-i:,^-.:'-'- First Lieutenant .":V..'--' ; ' -'^ ,.;';..>-:,. ^ 
Pierce, Erastus H., Knoxville, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ' ^ 

Second Lieutenants ' '..- 

'. ? '-..',.\ '. <'-;. 

Parsons, John L., Galesburg, e. Aug. 12, 1862, res. Feb. i8, 1863. , -"r 

Tate, Thomas B., Knoxville, e. Aug. 8, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ' ^, ;> 



Sergeants 

West, David P. W., Knoxville, e. July 28, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 
Lowther, William S., Knoxville, e. July 25, 1862, disch. Jan. 12, 1863, 
Chillison, Alexander R., Galesburg, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. i/- 
Anderson, John P., Knoxville, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. June 24, 1863, dis. > . 

'''..: ;'/: .'::''-.-'' ; v^;i-;-.r; .' \ - ' - '';' ;.-..::-, /.-^- 

Corporals ...... -..'> 

Arnold, Nathan S., Rio, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. Jan. 24, 1863, dis. ;: 
Huntington, R. R., Rio, e. July 31, 1862, disch. Jan. 9, 1863, wounds. . . 
Lindsey, Hugh M., Knoxville, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. July 19, 1863, dis. '-; 
Henderson, James, Wataga, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ..'.: 

Hall, Ashton, Copley, e. Aug. 5, 1862, died at Ft. Donelson, April lo, 1863. ': 
Campbell, E., Knoxville, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as sergt. 
Lewis, Andrew, Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ' :- . 

Huffmire, James, Knoxville, e. July 31, 1862, disch. Jan. 24, 1863, dis. -'. 

Privates ' ' '' '" ..... ' "i;. '-":'.:-;' .5 '- 

Anderson, A., Victoria, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1862, wd. ' ' - 
Buck, Wm. H., Knoxville, July 25, 1862, kid. at Ft. Donelson, Feb. 3, 1864. 
Borrill, Robert, Abingdon, e. July 28, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ..,.>,-. 
Bruce, Wm. M., Knoxville, e. July 31, 1862, disch. July 3, 1863, dis. '/. 

Barrett, Moses, Copley, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. . K- 

Baird, C., Ontario, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. '' , 

Blair, Anthony, Persifer, e. Aug. 5, 1862, disch. Jan. 26, 1863, dis. . -. .^. 
Bratt, Carlos, Victoria, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. '^' ':', 

Bradford, Wm. H., Haw Creek, e. Aug. ii, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ". 

' j. ' x' '.- . 



300 



HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY 



Carroll, Samuel, Knoxville, e. July 25, 1862, died at Ft. Donelson, April 
29, 1864. 

Chase, W. B., Orange, e. July 31, 1862, died at Ft. Donelson, June 17, 1863. 

Collison, N. A., Victoria, e. July 25, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Cheesman, S., Knoxville, e. July 25, 1862, disch. March 23, 1863, dis. . : ^; 

Cronnoble, Geo. W., Haw Creek, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ;' 

Case, Cortes, Knoxville, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Curry, Geo. A., Knox county. 

Crump, Seth, Knoxville, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Coe, C. B., Center Point, e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. 

Cover, Wm. M., Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. - 

Donelly, Andrew, Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Dyer, R., Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, disch. June 4, 1865, dis. 

Eason, Andrew, Ontario,, e. July 31, 1862, disch. June 4, 1864. 

Flynn, Wm., Persifer, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 
: Fitch, Amos S., Rio, e. Aug. 8, 1862, disch. March 15, 1865, dis. 

Gump, N. H., Gilson, e. July 31, 1862, disch. Sept. i8, 1863, dis. 

Goodman, A., Orange, e. July 31, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. 
Goodman, John, Galesburg, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. 

Gillis, T. S., Rio, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. 

Green, J. D., Persifer, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Glenn, B. C., Center Pt., e. Aug. 7, 1862, drowned April 20, 1865. 

Gordon, T. J., Persifer, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ; 

Hearn, I. R., Chestnut, e. July 31, 1862, disch. June 3, 1864, dis. . 

Haptonstall, Wm., Persifer, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. Feb. i6, 1865, dis. ; 

Harmon, Geo., Ontario, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. :.-'.; 

Haynes, Edward, Orange, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 1 

Hunks, Geo. P., Knoxville, e. Aug. 6, 1862, died at Paducah, Ky., Nov. 
27, 1862. 

Heath, S. F., Center Pt., e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Huflmire, Geo. E., Orange, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Hulburt, Lyman B., Maquon, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Hummell, John, Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Hughes, R., Haw Creek, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 
: Johnson, J. H., Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Jacoby, J. W., Orange, e. Aug. 8, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Johnson, Swen, Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Lopeman, L. S., Maquon, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Lopeman, M. D., Maquon, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Lander, J. O., Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Lockbaum, Samuel, Knoxville, e. Aug. 4, 1862, died at Paducah, Ky., Oct. 
12, 1862. 

Melton, H., Ontario, e. Aug. 6, 1862, disch. Sept. i8, 1863, dis. \ 

Murray, T., Walnut Grove, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Massey, F. M., Orange, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Mattison, Swen, Knoxville, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 

Moore, Geo. B., Center Point, e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. . 

Mitchell, R. H., Copley, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 



.,:v;V: ..('::, HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY . \ V 301 ^-. 

> Mcllwain, Wm. B., Persifer, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. ' Vi 
;. Price, James, Knoxville, e. July 25, 1862, disch. June 17, 1863, dis. . ..,:::ri ': 

Penn, Wm., Knoxville, e. July 24, 1862, m. o. June 21, 1865. ' ;; "; : 

' V; Peterson, Peter, Knoxville, e. July 31, 1862, disch. July 3, 1863, dis. ' ". 
' Peterson, Peter, Knoxville, e. July 26, 1862, died at Ft. Donelson, Nov. ; 
12, 1862. :v ;- :.^v. . ' ':: ' 

Phillips, Edwin, Persifer, e. Aug. 2,'i862, m. o. June 26, 1865. V ' v ' v 
. Price, Robert H., Knoxville, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ' : ' 

: Pickrel, J. W., Gilson, e. Aug. 5, 1862, kid. by guerrillas, Sept. i8, 1863. ' ^X . 

Rynear, H., Persifer, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. --.;.;- ^^^^ ^.;.' 
' ' Russell, Warren, Persifer, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. Jan. 21, 1865, dis. V! . ' 

;' Richardson, J. M., Knoxville, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. March 13, 1863, dis. ':-\^'':~ 

Stogdell, R. A., Haw Creek, e. Aug. 2, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. '' 

Sypherd, J. M., Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as sergt. . . 
Scott, J. W., Knoxville, e. Aug. ii, 1862, died at Paducah, Ky., Oct. 6, 1862. 
Shaw, C. G., Knoxville, e. July 24, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as ist. sergt. ^' 
Strine, S. G., Haw Creek, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. :' : 
Stevens, C. W., Knoxville, e. July 31, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as sergt.,-'/-;: . 
Stevenson, Swen, Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 21, 1865. - ' :. 

r Stancliff, Wm. H., Center Point, e. Aug. 7, 1862, disch. Nov. 19, 1863, dis. r.. ''v 
Villier, O., Victoria, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. . -.,6. 

- Vorge, R. A., Gilson, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. ' ' ; ;; !;;;. 
: . Van Orman, H., Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, disch. April 27, 1864, dis. ^vv'-/' vSvv 
.' Webb, Valentine C., Knoxville, e. Aug. 8, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. : 

Wallace, J. M., Knoxville, e. Aug. 5, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865, as corpl. , ;' ^ 
, Wallick, James O., Persifer, e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. :;'-'., 

-'; Wright, Cyrus, Lynn, e. Aug. 2, 1862, disch. Feb. 25, 1864, dis. ^^ - ; ., 

- Wolf, Alfred P., Haw Creek, e. Aug. 5, 1862, kid. by guerrillas, Sept. i8, 1863. : '^ 
Wetmore, C. B., Ontario, e. Aug. 5, 1862, disch. April 13, 1863, wounds. ... 
Woolsey, James, Knoxville, e. Aug. i, 1862, m. o. June 24, 1865. ..:;'-.. 
Wilt, Henry, Knoxville, e. Aug. 7, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. . ';V ' 

''.^ ''' :'::'' ']; '.j.: ': Recruits ''.''"' .'' '.''.-'.''''-' ''.''"' 

Brown, J. F., e. April i, 1863, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. ;:,": 
Burnett, J. E., Henderson, e. Dec. 28, 1863, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. i. ."',:.'.. 

; Benson, H., Persifer, e. Jan. 4, 1864, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. v ^ ^. ": 

Benson, H. K., Persifer, e. Feb. lo, 1865, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. . \V .: : ' 

^^ Castle, R. A., Cedar, e. Dec. 28, 1863, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. :^' - :-> v / 

' Dailey, L. A., Rio, m. o. June 26, 1865. ..-.-. 

Flynn, Benj., Persifer, e. March 12, 1864, kid. by guerrillas at White Oak,. ... r 
Tenn., April i, 1865. :'"- ;'\ ,-.::,;. 

Holcomb, Ola W., Sparta, e. Dec. 28, 1863, disch. May 28, 1865, dis. ; I : 
Henry, Wm. Sparta, e. Dec. 28, 1863, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. . . Vi. 

\ Howe, Wm., Haw Creek, e. Jan. 19, 1865, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. .; . .^^ ;/ 
V Massie, Eli P., Knoxville, e. Nov. 23, 1863, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. >: '- . V^ 

;/ Mitchell, A. W., Knoxville, e. March 12, 1864, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. ; v'\ :V ^ J 

- Mattson, O. P., Abingdon, e. Jan. 5, 1864, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. ''.';';: 
: Mattson, C. W., Abingdon, e. Jan. 4, 1864, disch. June 4, 1865, dis. ::..'... 



302 HISTORY OF KNOX COUNTY ; 

Parkins, Levan A., Persifer, e. March i6, 1862, disch. March 21, 1865. 
Ramp, David, Haw Creek, e. Feb. 25, 1864, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865. 
Wilcox, N. G., Knoxville, e. Nov. 30, 1863, m. o. Sept. 8, 1865, as corpl. 
Zimmerman, N., Persifer, e. Feb. lo, 1865, pro. q. m. sergt. 

.V'::;,'^ ;'': ;; . COMPANY G '''."'; vT-^''' '!':''';,' 

Captain '" " " . ' 
Hammick, John G., Maquon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 



-,^: ; - First Lieutenants < '-. 

Jones, Horace, Maquon, e. Aug. 21, 1862, res. Nov. ii, 1863. 
Jones, John, Salem, e. Aug. 21, 1862. 



^^s;'- Second Lieutenants ' ' '-.; ^ 

Morton, John, Maquon, e. Aug. 7, 1862, died June 19, 1864. ; 

Hughes, Clark B., Maquon, e. Aug. 6, 1862, m. o. June 26, 1865. 



" Sergeants ... 

Jones, William, Knox Co., e. Aug. 9, 186