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UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS LIBRARY AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN 



L161— O-1096 



TWENTIETH ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



Trade and Commerce 



o h: I GJ^Or o. 



YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1877. 



COMHILEU FOR THE 



BOARD OF TRADE, 



CHAS. Randolph, 

Secretary. 



CHICAGO : 
•Knight & Lkonard, Printers, 105-109 Madison St. 

1878. 



'^^^^^^'y^TT^ -■ ■•^y^^^^''^^ ¥7s"\^s?;''T^:"^^ 




3 

INDEX. 



Officers of the Board of Trade, 1877 6 

Officers of the Board of Trade, 1878 ----' 7 

Officers of the Board of Trade at its Organization, 1848 8 

Secretary's Annual Review..- 9-20 

Annual Report of the Board of Directors -- 21-34 

General Statistical Statements -- - 25 

Population of the United States, Illinois and Chicago 26 

Acres under cultivation in Illinois since 1858 — , 26 

Acres under cultivation in Illinois in 1876, by counties 27 

Acres under cultivation in Grain Crops in 1877, by counties 28, 29 

Valuations of Property and Debt of Illinois. 30 

Valuations of Property and Debt of Chicago. 31 

Statistics of Earnings and Expenses of the Illinois an<0[ichigan Canal-.. 32 

Receipts and Expenses of the Illinois River Improvenirat — 32 

Statistics of Earnings and Tax of the Illinois Central Railroad 33 

Product of Grain in the United States in 1876, U. S. Agricultural Depart- 
ment -- - 34 

Municipal Indebtedness of Sixty-seven Cities of the United States, 1870 and 

1876 , - - - 35 

Public Debt of the United States annually since 1790 36 

Detailed Statement of the Public Debt December 31, 1877 37 

Statistics of the Precious Metals, Production, Asiatic Absorption, Relative 

Prices, etc 38 

Production of Gold and Silver in the United States 39 

Accumulation of Coin in 1877 for Specie Resumption 39 

Premium on Gold January, 1862, to January, 1878. 40 

Reduction of Interest on the Public Debt since January, 1871 40 

Resources and Liabilities of the National Banks of Chicago 41 

Exports and Imports of the United States for a series of years (value) 42 

Exports of Breadstuffs to Europe since 1846 43 

Exports of Grain from the United States for five years 43 

Domestic Exports of the United States (detailed) for the year ending June 

30,1877 44,45 

Net Imports of the United States (detailed) for the year ending June 30, 

1877 46,47 

Exports (weekly) of Flour, Wheat and Com from the principal Atlantic 

Ports during 1877 48 

Exports (weekly) of Hog Product from the principal Atlantic Ports during 

1877 49 

Exports of Beef, Hog Product, Butter and Cheese (detailed), with its dis- 
tribution during the year ending June 30, 1877 50 

Grain and Potato Crops of Europe, by countries 51 

Sources of Supply of Breadstuffs for Great Britain for a series of years 51 



330894 



Receipts of Flour and Grain at Chicago for a series of years 53 

Receipts of Wheat at Chicago from twenty-three crops 52 

Shipments of Flour and Grain from Chicago for a series of years 53 

Receipts of Sundry Leading Articles at Chicago for a series of years 54 

Shipments of Sundry Leading Articles from Chicago for a series of years.. 55 
Statistics of Live Stock and Provision Packing Business at Chicago for a 

series of years 56 

Pork Packing in the Mississippi Valley for five years 57, 58 

Pork Packing of the West for a series of years (regular season) 59 

Summer Pork Packing in the West 59 

Comparative Statement by weight of the last twelve seasons 59 

Detailed Statement of the Pork Packing of Chicago, season 1876-7 60, 61 

Semi-Monthly Prices of Mess Pork in Chicago for nine years 63 

Semi-Monthly Prices of Prime Steam Lard in Chicago for nine years 63 

Semi-Monthly Prices of Flour and Wheat in Chicago for seven years 64 

Semi-Monthly Prices of Com and Oats in Chicago for seven years 65 

Rates of Inspection and Weighing in Chicago 66 

Rules Governing the Inspection of Grain in Chicago 67-69 

Inspections of Grain received by Railfoad at Chicago for three years 70 

Elevator Capacity for Grain Storage in Chicago December 31, 1877 71 

Elevator Rates for Grain Storage in Chicago 71 

Visible Supply of Grain weekly during 1877 73 

Detailed Annual Statistics of Chicago, 1877 73 

Values of Duty-paying Goods Imported at Chicago and Duties on same.-. 74 

Duties Collected on Goods Imported at Chicago for four years, by months. 74 

Detailed Statement of Goods and Quantities of each Imported at Chicago. 75 

Value of and Duty on Imported Goods Warehoused, by months 76 

Internal Revenue Collections, Detailed Statement by months 76 

Receipts and Disbursements of the U. S. Sub Treasury at Chicago 77 

Clearings of the Chicago Banks (quarterly) for 1876 and 1877 77 

Importations of Tea and Coffee 78 

Exports of Domestic Produce to Canada 79 

Direct Exports of Domestic Produce to Europe 80, 81 

Freight Rates frona Chicago to Europe... 81 

Transactions of the Chicago Post Office. 82, 83 

Weekly Receipts of Flour and Grain 84 

Weekly Shipments of Flour and Grain _-. 85 

■ Weekly Stocks of Flour and Grain 86 

Statement showing the entire Movement of Flour and Grain (by routes) - . 87 

Through All- rail Business in Flour and Grain .- 88, 89 

Receipts and Shipments of several Leading Articles (by routes) 90 

Flour Statistics, Manufacture and Stocks 91 

Weights of the Bushel as established by law 91 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Flour - _ 92 

Weekly Prices of Flour. - .__ . 93 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Wheat 94 

Weekly Prices of Wheat 95 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Corn 96 

Weekly Prices of Corn and Oats 97 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Oats 98 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Rye - 99 



j5?»!™rr5w??!^ - i ,,.-.-1? ''■i^^p?P^r,^'«F^^^?'«"^?r?T' '?-ij<E\»™*- 





Weekly Prices of Rye and Barley -' 100 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Barley 101 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Cattle 103 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Sheep 103 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Hogs (live and dressed) 104. 105 

Weekly Prices of Cattle, Hogs and Sheep 106 

Weekly Prices of Beef Product -- 107 

Weekly Shipments of Hog Product in detail 108, 109 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Barreled Pork (by routes) 110 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Cured Meats (by routes) Ill 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Lard (by routes) 112 

Monthly Stocks of Hog Product on hand - - 113 

Monthly Stocks of Barreled *Pork (in New York) - 113 

Weekly Prices of Hog Product 114, 115 

Daily Prices of Wheat, Corn, Oats, Mess Pork and Lard for future delivery 116-127 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Flax Seed 128 

Monthly Receipts and-Shipments of Grass Seed 129 

Weekly Prices of Salt and Seeds - 130 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Wool 131 

Weekly Prices of Wool and Hides.., - 132 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Hides 133 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Coal 134 

Monthly Prices of Coal (Delivered) 135 

Monthly Prices of Baled Hay 135 

Monthly Receipts and Shipments of Butter 136 

Highwines, Manufacture and Weekly Prices — 137 

Lumber Statistics — Receipts, Shipments and Stocks 138 

Weekly Cargo Prices of Lumber, Shingles and Lath 138 

Sources of Supply of Lumber received by Lake 139 

Monthly Yard Prices of Lumber, Shingles and Lath 140 

Tjake Freights on Grain by Sail and Erie Canal Freights 141 

Erie Canal Tolls on Flour and Grain.. 141 

Lake (steam) and Rail Freights Eastward 143 

All Rail Freights Eastward 143 

Receipts and Shipments by Rail of Commodities not otherwise Reported.. 144, 145 

Receipts and Shipments by the Illinois and Michigan Canal 146, 147 

Lake Commerce of Chicago in 1877 149 

Opening of Navigation for a Series of Years 149 

Receipts and Shipments in 1877 150, 151 

Summary Statement of Arrivals and Clearances in 1877 and previous years, 152 

Marine Collections for 1876 and 1877 153 

List of Vessels Owned in Chicago, with their Tonnage 154-156 

List of Vessels Built and Documented in Chicago in 1877 156 

List of Chicago Vessels Reported Lost in 1877 156 

Members of the Board of Trade, December 31 , 1877 157-208 

Appendix - 

Charter, Rules, By-Laws and Inspection Regulations of the Board of Trade 
Requirements as to Cut and Packing of Hog Product i-lxxxiv 



OFFICERS 



OF THE 



BOARD OF TRADE OF THE CITY OF CHICAGO 

FOK, 1877- 



DAVID H. LTN^COLN, President. 
JOSIAH STILES, 1st Vice-President. WILLIAM DICKINSON, 2d Vice-President. 



TERM EXFIKING 1878. 

M. S. KINGSLAND. 
C. H. BLACKMAN, 
P. P. OLDERSHAW. 
A. J. MARBLE. 
A. E. CLARK. 



DIRECTORS : 
TEBM EXPIRING 1879. 

J. n. NORTON, 
H. W. ROGERS, Jr., 
A. N. YOUNG. 
J. H. HURLBUT. 
R. W. DUNHAM. 



CHAS. RANDOLPH, Secretary. 



TERM EXPIRING 1880. 

W. E. McHENRY, 
C. T. TREGO, 
CHAS. COUNSELMAN. 
C. W. WHEELER, 
I. N. ASH. 



ORSON SMITH, Treasurer. 



STANDING COMMITTEES: 



EXECUTIVE Messrs. 

ON FINANCE 

ON MEMBERSHIP 

ON ROOMS. 

ON COMMERCIAL BUILDING 

ON PROVISION INSPECTION " ] 

ON FLOUR INSPECTION 

ON MARKET REPORTS 

ON RULES 

ON OTHER INSPECTIONS 

ON WEIGHING 

ON LEGAL ADVICE 

ON WAREHOUSES 

ON TRANSPORTATION 

ON DISTILLED SPIRITS 

ON METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS . 
ON MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS 



DICKINSON, STILES and KINGSLAND. 
NORTON, WHEELER and CLARK. 
YOUNG, MARBLE and McHENRY. 
DUNHAM, ROGERS and COUNSELMAN. 
BLACKMAN, TREGO and HURLBUT. 
STILES. OLDERSHAW, COUNSELMAN, 
GEORGE STEWART and A. S. BURT. 
MARBLE, HURLBUT and ASH. 
OLDERSHAW, DUNHAM and CLARK. 
CLARK, DUNHAM and DICKINSON. 
ASH, TREGO and MARBLE. 
McHENRY, NORTON and YOUNG. 
ROGERS, KINGSLAND and DICKINSON. 
COUNSELMAN. YOUNG and NORTON. 
WHEELER, STILES and BLACKMAN. 
KINGSLAND, ROGERS and OLDERSHAW. 
TREGO, BLACKMAN and WHEELER. 
HURLBUT, McHENRY and ASH. 



INSPECTORS : 



( I. T. SUNDERLAND. EZRA TAYLOR, 
PROVISION INSPECTORS -^ JOHN HOBIN, DANIEL GANG and 

(JAMES CAMPBELL. 

FLOUR INSPECTORS CRIGHTON and RATHBORNE. 

INSPECTOR OF SPIRITS W. N. DANKS. 

INSPECTOR OF HAY H. B. OWEN. 

INSPECTOR OP SAMPLE GRAIN. L. B. HAND, and C.L.CHRISTIE. 

WEIGHERS - WADE and CORCORAN. 



COMMITTEE OF ARBITRATION: 



TERM EXPIRING 1878. 

C. H. ADAMS, W. T. HENNESS. 

C. D. HAMILL, WM. DICKINSON. 

WM. KINKEAD. 



TERM EXPIRING 1879. 

J. H. FRENCH. C. C. MOELLER, 

S. H. LARMINIE. D. W. BAKER, 

C. II. TAYLOR. 



COMMITTEE OP appeals: 



TERM EXPIRING 1878. 
GEORGE ARMOUR, ALEX. GEDDES, 

ALBERT MORSE, H. A. TOWNER, 

D. F. BAXTER. 



TERM EXPIRING 1879. 

G. H. SIDWELL, O. D. ALLEN, 

J. R. BENSLEY, G. W. COUGH, 

G. S. CARMICHAEL. 



fS-- «~'< 



OFFICERS 



OF THE 



BOARD OF TRADE OF THE CITY OF CHICAGO 

FOTt 1878. 

N. K. FAIRBANK, President. 
WILLIAM DICKINSON, 1st Vice-President. JOHN H. DWIGHT, 2d Vice-President. 



Tkbm Expibing 1879. 
J. H. NOETON, 
H. W. ROGERS, Jr., 
A. N. YOUNG, 
R. W. DUNHAM, 
N. E. PLATT. 



DIRECTORS : 

Tbbm Expibing 1880. 
W. E. McHENRY, 
C. T. TREGO, 
CHAS. COUNSELMAN, 
C. W. WHEELER, 
I. N. ASH. 



Tbbm Expibing 1881. 
C. H. ADAMS, 
C. D. HAMILL, 
W. S. CROSBY, 
E. I. WHEELER, 
THOS. HEERMANS. 



CHAS. RANDOLPH, Secretary. 



ORSON SMITH, Treasurer. 



STANDING COMMITTEES: 



EXECUTIVE Mbssbs. 

ON FINANCE 

ON MEMBERSHIP - 

ON ROOMS - -- 

ON COMMERCIAL BUILDING. 

ON MARKET REPORTS.. 

ON PROVISION INSPECTION 

ON FLOUR INSPECTION 

ON OTHER INSPECTIONS 

ON RULES 

ON LEGAL ADVICE 

ON TRANSPORTATION -- 

ON WAREHOUSES 

ON WEIGHING 

ON DISTILLED SPIRITS 

ON METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. 
•ON MISCELLANEOUS BUSINESS 



DICKINSON, NORTON and YOUNG. 
NORTON, C. W. WHEELER and DWIGHT. 
YOUNG, ADAMS and CROSBY. 
DUNHAM, ROGERS and CROSBY. 
TREGO, PLATT and DWIGHT. 
DWIGHT, McHENRY and COUNSELMAN. 
COUNSELMAN, H. P. DARLINGTON, S. A. 
RICKER, C. H. S. MIXER and H'Y WARNER. 
PLATT, HEERMANS and ASH. 
ASH, TREGO and HEERMANS. 
ADAMS, DUNHAM and DICKINSON. 
ROGERS, HAMILL and COUNSELMAN. 
C. W. WHEELER, ADAMS and HAMILL. 
HEERMANS, YOUNG and DUNHAM. 
McHENRY. E. I. WHEELER and PLATT. 
CROSBY, HAMILL and E. I. WHEELER. 
HAMILL, ROGERS and ASH. 
E. I. WHEELER, YOUNG and TREGK). 



INSPECTORS : 

^^„„ (I- T. SUNDERLAND, EZRA TAYLOR, 

♦PROVISION INSPECTORS ^ DANIEL GANO and JAMES CAMPBELL. 

FLOUR INSPECTORS CRIGHTON and RATHBORNE. 

INSPECTOR OP SPIRITS W. N. DANKS. 

INSPECTOR OF HAY H. B. OWEN. 

INSPECTOR OP SAMPLE GRAIN H. B. OWEN. 

WEIGHERS --- WADE and CORCORAN. 

*GAUGER OF LARD OIL P. R. CORCORAN. 

* Under appointment of 18T7. 



COMMITTEE OF ARBITRATION: 



Teem Expiring 1879. 
J. H. FRENCH, C. C. MOELLER, 

S. H. LARMINIE. D. W. BAKER, 

C. H. TAYLOR. 



Term Expiring 1880. 
D. E. SIBLEY, G. T. BEEBE, 

G. T. SMITH, P. W. DATER, 

CHAS. FLOYD. 



COMMITTEE OF APPEALS: 



Tbbm Expiring 1879. 
■G. H. SIDWELL, O. D. ALLEN, 

-.T. R. BENSLEY, G. W. COUCH, 

G. S. CARMICHAEL. 



Tbbm Expibing 1880. 
G. N. CULVER, P. P. OLDERSHAW, 

J. J. McDERMID, JOSIAH STILES, 

L. D. NORTON. 



OFFICERS AND MEMBERS 



OF THB 



BOARD OF TRADE AT ITS ORGANIZATION, 

,A.I>R,IIj, 1848. 



THOMAS DYER, President. 

VICE-PRESIDENTS : 

John P. Chapin. Charle8 Walker. 



GuRDON S. Hubbard, 
Elisha S. Wadsworth, 
Thomas Richmond, 
John Rogers, 
Horatio G. Loomis, 
George F. Foster, 
Richard C. Bristol, 
John H. Dunham, 



directors: 

Thomas Dyer, 
George A. Gibbs, 
John H. Kinzie, 
Cyrenus Beers, 
Walter S. Gurney, 
JosiAH H. Reed, 
Edward K. Rogers, 
Isaac H. Bukch, 



Augustus H. Burlet, 
John S. Read, 
William B. Ogden, 
Orrington Lunt, 
Thomas Hale, 
Edward H. Hadduck^ 
Isaac V. Germain, 
Laurin p. Hilliard. 



W. L. Whiting, Secretary. 



Isaac H. Burch, Treasurer. 



Beals, Joseph R. 
Beers, Cyrenus 
*Blaikie, Andrew 
Brand, Alexander 
Bristol, Richard C. 
Brown, S. Lockwood 
Burch, Isaac H. 
BuRLEY, Augustus H. 
Carpenter, James H. 
Carter, Thomas B. 
Case, J. R. 
Chapin, John P. 
Clarke, W. H. 
Cobb, Zenas, Jr. 
DeWolf, a. V. G. 
DeWolf, William F. 
Dodge, John C. 
Drew, George C. 
Dunham, Jno. H. 
Dyer, Thomas 
Foster, George F. 
Foster, Jabez H. 
Gage, Jared 
Germain, Isaac V. 
Gibbs, George A. 
Gurney, Walter S. 
Hadduck, Edward H. 



MEMBERS: 

Haines, John C. 
Hale, Thomas 
Hardy, Isaac 
Harmon, C. L. 
Harrison, H. H. 
Higginson, Geo. M. 
High, John, Jr. 
Hilliard, L. P. 
Hotchkiss, J. P. 
Hubbard, Gurdon S. 
Humphrey, D. 
King, John, Jr. 
Kinzie, John H. 
Laflin, Matthew 
Loomis, H. G. 
Lunt, Orrington 
Marsh, John L. 
Marsh, Sylvester 
Morgan, T. S. 
Neely, Albert 
Ogden, Wm. B. 
Pardee, Theron 
*Parker, Thos. L. 
Payson, H. R. 
Pearson, John 
Peck, James 
Raymond, B. W. 
Read, John S, 

* Members January 1. 1878. 



Reed, Josiah H. 
Richmond, Allen 
Richmond, Thomas 
RoBB, G. A. 
Rochester, Jas. H. 
Rogers, E. K. 
Rogers, John 
*Rumsey, Julian S. 
Russell, J. B. F. 
Ryerson, Joseph T. 
Sherman, 0. 
Shoemaker, Jno. W. 
Smith, George 
Smith, J. A. 
Stearns, M. C. 
Steel, George 
Stockbridge, F. B. 
Thompson, Thomas 
Throop, Amos G. 
Wadsworth, E. S. 
Walker, Almond 
Walker, Charles 
Walter, Joel C. 
Whitcomb, T. 
Whitney, W. L. 
Winn, James 
WiNSLOW, H. J. 



GENERAL REVIEW 



D. H. LINCOLN, Esq., President: 

Sir,— In presenting to yourself and the members of the Board of Trade the accom- 
panying statements showing the business of the city in certain branches of trade, the 
movements of property through the city, and other matters presumed to be of more or 
less public interest, I beg to apologize for the lateness of the date at which it can be issued 
from the press and placed in your hands. In preparing a report of this character it has 
seemed to me desirable that the nearest approach to accuracy possible should be attained, 
even at the expense of some delay in publication; and to carefuUy revise the amount of 
statistical information contained in the report is a work involving more of time and labor 
than may be generally supposed. In the present case the work will be pressed with as 
much vigor as other duties permit. 

It would be exceedingly gratifying if, vsdth the presentation of the record of what has 
been done, congratulations might be expressed that the great depression which has so 
burdened the industries of the country for the past several years had passed away, but 
this is not as yet permitted us, and we find at the close of the year less improvement in 
this respect than was hoped for at its beginning. That substantial gains have been 
made cannot be denied, and that the country at large is in a better financial condition 
than a year since will scarcely admit of serious question; but little actual wealth or the 
results of labor have been lost, while the exceedingly abundant crop returns of the past 
year must exert a most beneficent infl^uence on the prosperity of the agricultural interests 
of the country, and in turn wiU be felt throughout all the avenues of trade and commerce. 
The trade of the country with foreign nations has continued of a character highly favor- 
able to our exchanges, and it is gratifying to know that our foreign debt, public and pri- 
vate, with its burdensome charge for current interest, is being rapidly reduced. To this 
result the products of the Northwest have contributed in very large measure, as will be 
observed by reference to statements herewith, showing of what items our exports have 
chiefly consisted. 

The continued depression in the general business aifairs of the country is undoubtedly 
largely chargeable to a lack of confidence on the part of capitalists in the stability of 
values, and a hesitation on their part in considering that we have yet reached the so-caUed 
" hard pan " upon which it may be safe to found new enterprises, or to assist in reorgan- 
izing those already established, but which have been in part or wholly suspended by 
reason of the pressure of the times. Capital, unlike the laborer, who must earn his daUy 
bread by his daily employment, can at times afford to lie idle or suffer itself to be employed 
for the merest pittance, provided it assumes no risk of impairment, and it need not be 
expected that it will be placed in positions where its conservative owners distrust the ven- 
ture, or believe they can see a more profitable employment for it in the near future; hence 
it has been observed that since the coUapse of the nominal values of 1873 there has been a 
marked tendency to invQst only in that class of securities which can be converted at the 
shortest notice; such investments contribute in an exceedingly small degree to the devel- 
opment of industry, or the promotion of any substantially good end affecting the people 



10 

at large. What is most needed now is a return of confidence that permanent investments 
are safe; that purchases of property or loans upon property for business purposes may be 
made with a reasonable assurance that they will not result in ultimate loss. The currency 
of the country, by which all other values have been measured, has been gradually appre- 
ciating in purchasing power, and has now nearly reached its maximum in that respect. 
During this process it was reasonable to expect that other property, unless it, too, had an 
Inherent power of appreciation, would correspondingly shrink; that it has done so to a 
greater extent in many instances — in part owing to the disposition of capital to stand 
aloof from all investment of a permanent character, and in part owing to the fact that it 
had in many cases been inflated to a greater extent than the currency was depreciated — 
will probably be generally admitted. It is quite true that during a large portion of the 
time the currency was appreciating, or while the coin premium was falling from its highest 
point to about 115, other property measured by it did not correspondingly decline, nor did 
it begin to do so until after the general crash of 1873, since which it has declined in greater 
ratio than the currency has appreciated. This condition of things has borne with great 
severity upon holders of real estate, especially such as was unproductive, or was heavily 
encumbered by liens, many of which were subject to rates of interest wholly out of pro- 
portion to any prospective profit that could reasonably be expected to result from holding 
the property. It is not surprising that the present or late holders of such property should 
feel that their equities are liable to be or have been ruthlessly sacrificed in order to satisfy 
the holders of mortgages upon their lands, and that they should desire a speedy remedy 
for the embarrassments under which they have so painfully suffered. It is to be hoped, 
however, that the general sentiment of the country will not countenance a return to a 
legalized inflation of prices, the result of which can only be the postponement of a return 
to a true condition of prosperity. It wiU doubtless be ultimately regarded as the wisest 
policy, now that we have substantially paid the price for doing so, to seek to reinvigorate 
the industries of the country, by placing them upon a sound financial basis with as little 
delay as possible, and that hereafter aU values shall be measured by a true and unvarying 
standard, whether that standard be of gold or of gold and silver combined, if the latter 
be within the range of possible accomplishment. To place them upon a silver basis 
alone — as seems now to be seriously threatened — which the experience of the past five 
years has shown is liable to fluctuate more widely than our paper currency has since 1870, 
seems like inviting a continuance of all the financial uncertainties of the recent past, with 
its attendant embarrassment to all our industries. It would seem that our experience 
ought to have taught lis that capital is liable to refuse, or at best be slow to invest in any 
kind of enterprise promotive of the general welfare while values are subject to the manip- 
ulations of either legislation or of dealers in exchange on a depreciated money. Such 
manipulations always have and probably always wiU be made at the expense of labor and 
productive industry, while capital itself, occupying the position of advantage, reaps a 
harvest of profit. 

Loanable capital, on satisfactory security as to character and a large margin as to 
amount, has been abundant during the past year, not only in this city but generally 
throughout the country. The Comptroller of the Currency reports that the average rates 
of interest in New York city for each of the past four years has been as follows : 

1874 — Call loans, 3.8 per cent; commercial paper, 6.4 per cent. 

1875 — Call loans, 3.0 per cent; commercial paper, 5.6 per cent. 

1876 — Call loans, 3.3 per cent; commercial paper, 5.3 per cent. 

1877 — Call loans, 8.0 per cent; commercial paper, 5.2 per cent. 

These rates are much below those current in an average of^ previous years, and are 
conclusive evidence of a liberal supply of unemployed capital. In Chicago, rates have 
been upon a lower range than ever before in its history, large amounts of commercial 



11 

paper having been discounted at six per cent, and some desirable real-estate loans having 
been made at nearly or quite as low rates. 

The banking interests of the city have suffered very important changes within the year 
by the failure of several banks, both commercial and savings; these failures, however, 
were nearly all the results of impairment of resources of long standing, the culmination of 
■which probably should have occurred months or years earlier. In some instances, espe- 
cially in respect to savings banks, most glaring frauds upon confiding depositors have 
been developed, while in others the cause is charged to a shrinkage of assets or securities 
supposed to be good. With the return of more prosperous affairs it would seem this city 
should present an attractive field for the employment of increased banking capital, espe- 
cially should there be proper abatement in the unreasonable and extortionate taxation 
hitherto imposed on capital so employed. It is, however, hardly probable that new Na- 
tional Banks will be organized with a prospect of being required to contribute annually 
over five pd!^;ent on their capital for purposes of taxation, as those in existence have for 
several years been obliged to do. 

The general mercantile business of the city has been fully up to its usual volume. It 
has been generally conducted with marked prudence and with a rigid economy; profits 
may be presumed to have been gauged on a smaller percentage than hitherto, both from 
the results of active competition and the generally declining tendency of many lines of 
goods. General manufactures have been conducted on much the same principle and with 
substantially the same results as in the previous late years. 

Labor of the lower orders has been fairly well employed for most of the year, but the 
pressure for employment by what may be called genteel labor has been very marked, the 
tendency to curtail expenses in commercial branches has resulted in leaving unemployed a 
vast number of men well fitted for positions of responsibility and trust, and in fact no class 
have suffered more from the general depression than such. Wages have ruled exceed- 
ingly low, the general reduction being in a greater ratio than the decrease in the necessary 
■expenses of maintenance. During the summer, developments in respect to the terms of 
labor, and claimed to be in its interest, were made throughout the central and western 
States that for a time seriously threatened the peace of society. These had their origin 
with the true representatives of labor in efforts to redress supposed or real wrongs sought 
to be imposed by capital as represented in the management of the great railway corpora- 
tions of the country. This occasion was seized upon by the baser elements of society for 
the purpose of inaugurating a reign of terrorism and plunder. Fortunately for the pubhc 
welfare, honestly-disposed laborers and mechanics refused to cooperate with their volun- 
teer protectors, and the organized army of thieves and idlers failed of its expected rein- 
forcements and soon came to entertain a wholesome respect for law and order. These 
demonstrations, however, should not fail to impress upon all good citizens the duty of 
carefully considering the true relations which should exist between capital and labor; each 
being so dependent upon the other for profitable employment it is impossible that either 
can seriously suffer without producing corresponding results with the other. There is 
perhaps somewhat too much of a disposition on the part of capital on the first evidences 
of diminishing revenue to seek to make the deficit good by reducing the wages of employes, 
and, on the other hand, labor is apt to insist upon its accustomed reward irrespective of 
whether the employer be realizing large or small profits, or none. A spirit of mutual con- 
cession to all just demands is the true and only course for either to pursue in order to 
promote their mutual welfare and secure that kindly feeling which is necessary to success- 
fully carry forward those interests upon which both ai-e dependent. The organization 
withm the past twenty years of great corporations, employing large numbers of men on 
the one hand, and the organization of labor unions on the other, has undoubtedly tended 
to weaken that bond of sympathy between employer and employed which existed in earlier 



12 

days, and which it is exceedingly desirable should be cultivated to as great an extent as 
practicable. 

Building has been carried forward with more vigor than might have been expected 
under the influence of general depression and declining rents. Many fine business struct- 
ures have been erected that are creditable to the good sense of their owners. If less of 
ornamentation has been indulged in and more attention given to solidity and convenience, 
it may be accepted as evidence that public sentiment in this direction is coming to regard 
the useful as more desirable than the expensively ornamental. 

Public improvements have not been pressed by the municipal authorities on account of 
a disposition to keep taxation at the lowest point possible and at the same time reduce the 
floating debt of the city to narrower limits. The United States Custom House and Post 
Office has advanced materially during the year, and it is hoped may be ready for occu- 
pancy during the latter part of 1878, or soon after. 

The receipts of Lumber have been a trifle larger than in 1876, and the trade has been 
quite satisfactory as a whole. Prices both by cargo and at the yards have been well main- 
tained, those by cargo ranging nearly a dollar per thousand higher than in 1876. The 
low wafer in the Western Wisconsin streams during the winter and spring interfered with 
the movement of lumber stocks to the Mississippi, resulting in increased demand from the 
lakes for lumber usually supplied via the Mississippi. This contributed to strengthen our 
prices materially. 

In agricultural products the trade has been large, and prices, as a whole, reasonably 
satisfactory. The receipts of grain at this point have been less than in 1876, the deficit 
being mainly in wheat. An estimate of the value of farm products shipped from this city 
(not including shipments originating in Milwaukee) is as follows : 

Flour and Grain, equal to 90,706,076 bushels $61,750,000' 

Live Stock. 45,100,000 

Meats, Lard, Tallow and Dressed Hogs. 60,250,000 

Butter and Cheese 10,900,000 

Wool and Hides 25,250,000 

Seeds and Broom Corn 4,250,000 

Highwines and Alcohol 8,200,000 

Miscellaneous Products 2,700,000 

Total $218,400,000 

Corresponding estimate for 1876 _ 231,450,000 

Corresponding estimate for 1875 215,-300,000 

Corresponding estimate for 1874 - 197,400,000 

Corresponding estimate for 1873 180,000,000 

Of the Grain received, 76,953,606 bushels have been received by rail; of this, 162,729' 
car-loads, containing about 64,700,000 bushels, was inspected into store, or about 84 per 
cent of the whole, against 74 per cent in 1876 and 85 per cent in 1875. Statements here- 
with show the entire movement through the city of Flour and Grain consigned to points 
beyond, mainly to seaboard States. This movement, as will be seen, has been materially 
less than in 1876, owing, probably, to the higher rates by all rail than prevailed the pre- 
vious year. 

FLOUK. 

As heretofore, a very large proportion (over 70 per cent) of the receipts of Flour have 
been consigned through. This is not a much, if any, larger proportion of such consign- 
ments than for several years past. A very considerable portion of the flour so consigned 
is sold in this city, and is shipped through on orders emanating from here. A large pro- 
portion of spot sales have been made for local consumption or for interior eastern trade 
comparatively little flour being sold in this market for shipment to the large seaboard 



18 



cities. Until new flour came into market the supply of desirable brands on sale was lim- 
ited and the trade was restricted almost exclusively to local wants. At the close of the 
year stocks in the city are larger, as compared with the stock of wheat in store, than are 
usually held. The city manufacture has been 293,244 barrels, and that of Norton & Co. 
at Lockport (practically a Chicago mill) has been 165,000 barrels. 



WHEAT. 



The receipts of Wheat have been 14,164,515 bushels — over 2,000,000 bushels less than 
the greatly diminished receipts of 1876 and less than any year since 1867, except 1872. 
This falling off in aggregate receipts is due almost entirely to the short crop of 1876, the 
yield of which in the spring wheat producing sections seems to have been even less than 
the low estimate made a year since. It is admitted on all hands that at the incoming of 
the crop of 1877 the country generally was more nearly bare of wheat than for many years. 
The prospect for the new crop was exceedingly flattering, and prices being satisfactory 
producers marketed almost to the last bushel whatever of the previous or former crops 
they had on hand, but with all this scouring of the country the aggregate receipts in Chi- 
cao-o from January 1 to August 1 were less than 2,000,000 bushels — the smallest amount 
of receipts for the first seven months of any year since 1855, with a single exception. The 
entire receipts at Chicago from August 1, 1876, to August 1, 1877, were only 10,139,365, 
less than half the amount of the corresponding time of a year before, small as that had 
been compared, with the two previous years. The crop of 1877 east of the Rocky Moun- 
tains was exceptionally good in quality and generally abundant in yield, the entire crop of 
the country being estimated by the United States Agricultural Department at about 825,- 
000,000 bushels. The old stocks had, however, been so depleted that a considerable per- 
centage of the new has been absorbed in filling up the places of usual accumulation and 
stocking the many mills throughout the country, which after harvest were generally set in 
motion. The improved character of the wheat received at Chicago is shown by reference to 
the statement of inspections published herewith. The crop of California, which enters into 
active competition in the markets of Europe with that of the Atlantic slope, was greatly 
injured by protracted drought in the early part of the year, resulting in a production in 
that State of about 21,500,000 bushels, against 37,500,000 bushels in 1876, as estimated by 
local authorities. 

The war in eastern Europe, which resulted in closing the Black Sea to commerce about 
the middle of May, stimulated prices very consiberably until the new crop began to move, 
and its continuance has had a decidedly beneficial effect on values to the close of the year, 
the average of the year has been over twenty cents per bushel higher than in 1876. The 
extreme ranges for No. 2 Spring Wheat, cash, being 100 cents late in August and 176J^ 
cents early in May. The export demand for Europe has been good throughout the year, 
but until after the middle of August our stocks were so small that we were able to realize 
but little advantage from this demand. Since September 1 the export trade has been 
unprecedentedly active, so that for the whole year the exports from the Atlantic ports, 
including Montreal, have been a trifle more than for 1876. 

The area of spring wheat producing territory is still rapidly extending to the north- 
west, and it is probable that within a few years the production of this grain will be en- 
tirely confined to the west of the Mississippi river and north of central Iowa. The newly- 
settled country along the line of the Northern Pacific Railroad is represented as especially 
adapted to its growth, and already is no insignificant producer of it, while in Illinois its 
culture is being steadily abandoned. The Secretary of the State Department of Agri- 
culture reports the production of Spring Wheat in the State in 1877 as being less than 
3,000,000 bushels, while that of Winter Wheat is over 29,500,000, the latter being almost 
entirely grown south of the center of the State. 



14 

The prospect of being able to dispose of the remainder of our surplus to Europe at fair 
prices is exceedingly promising at the close of the year. In case the conflict between 
Russia and Turkey should reach an early conclusion, it would probably produce a tempo- 
rary reaction in prices, but with the knowledge that California is not likely to export very 
largely until midsummer, and that the English crop for 1877 was very considerably defi- 
cient, it seems probable that even with the opening of the Black Sea at an early day, prices 
are not likely to reach a very low plane in England. The amount that Russia could sup- 
ply in any event is by many writers deemed quite inconsiderable. Reports as to the pro- 
duction of that country at the last harvest are very conflicting, and of their surplus an 
unusually large proportion has found its way to the markets of other countries northward. 
The crop of Canada in 1877 was unusually abundant, and from thence very considerable 
shipments may be yet expected, although the movement already has been liberal. Inter- 
esting tables are published herewith showing the general production of cereals in Europe, 
and also the principal sources of breadstuff's supply for Great Britain for a series of years. 
British India has within the past few years began to assume considerable importance as a 
producer of wheat, the exports for 1876 amounting to near 7,250,000 bushels, largely to 
Great Britain. 

CORN. 

The receipts of Com for the past year have been a trifle less than in 1876, aggregating 
47,915,728 bushels against 48,668,640 the previous year. The crop of this State for 1876, 
as finally estimated by the Agricultural Department at Washington, was assumed to be 
223,000,000 bushels, and of the whole country 1,283,827,500 bushels. The crop of Illinois 
for 1877 is placed by the State Agricultural Department at 269,889,742 bushels. The same 
authority fixes that of -1876 at 208,112,910 bushels. 

The exports of the country in corn for the past year have been without precedent, ag- 
gregating over 65,000,000 bushels. The movement of corn from the "West to Europe has 
undergone some changes as to its channel, the water lines assuming more of a control of 
the movement than the previous j'ear. 10,500,000 more has been shipped from Chicago 
by lake in 1877 than in 1876, and the exports from New York have risen from 15,900,000 
in 1876 to about 26,000,000 in 1877, while the shipments from Philadelphia have declined 
from 16,500,000 in 1876 to 10,200,000 in 1877, and from Baltimore they have been 18,900,- 
000 in 1877 against 20,500,000 in 1876. These changes are the more noticeable from the 
fact that the sources of supply in both years were substantially the same. Quite a consid- 
erable movement has also occurred down the Mississippi to New Orleans and thence to 
Europe, the exports from New Orleans being reported at about 3,750,000 in 1877 against 
about 2,200,000 in 1876. The recent improvement in the navigation of the Mississippi at 
its mouth is expected by many to result in greatly advancing the commercial interests of 
New Orleans, and some anticipate a considerable diversion of the western trade to Europe 
in that direction. At the close of the year the movement of com by this route is quite 
liberal. 

Prices during the year have averaged somewhat higher than in 1876, and have been 
subject to more of fluctuation, the extreme range for No. 2 Com, cash, in the Chicago mar- 
ket being from 37% cents in March to 58 cents in April, with 50 cents late in November, 
against from S8% in February to 49 in May, 1876. , 

OATS. 

The movement of Oats has been about the same for the past two years, the receipts in 
1877 being 13,506,773, and in 1876, 13,030,121 bushels. The details by months, however, 
show from January 1 to August 1 a falling ofi^ of 1,800,000 bushels, and from August 1 to 
December 31 an increase of 1,300,000 bushels, the dividing line between the two crops 



15 , 

being about August 1. The crop of 1876 tributary to Chicago was exceptionally poor; 
that of 1877 is good, both as to quantity and quality. Prices have ruled from 22 cents in 
August to 45^ cents per bushel in May. Very much less Oats have been exported to 
Europe than during the previous year. As noted in the case of com, the shipments from 
Chicago by lake have been much larger than in 1876. 

RYE. 

The production of Rye in the West seems to be increasing again, it having fallen oflF a 
few years since to very insignificant proportions. The receipts have been in 1877, 1,728,865 
bushels, in 1876, 1,447,917 bushels, while in neither 1875 nor 1874 did they reach 800,000 
bushels. Prices have almost steadily declined, with a little reaction late in April and 
early in May, opening at 72 cents and closing at 56 cents per bushel for No. 2; the extreme 
range being 51^^ in August and 95% in April. The export movement to Europe has been 
about 50 per cent larger than the previous year. 

BARLEY. 

The western crop of Barley in 1877 was very much better than that of either of the 
two previous years, but it has not manifested itself in materially increased receipts at this 
point, the increase being only from 4,716,360 bushels in 1876 to 4,990,379 bushels in 
1877. Receipts from Canada have been somewhat less, but the exact amount of Canadian 
Barley received is not known, as only a portion pays duty at this port, the remainder being 
entered at eastern points of importation from the Dominion. The highest price reached 
for Western No. 2 was 85 cents in May, the average not being much if any over 62 cents, 
closing at 563^(3)57 cents per bushel. 

Efforts were made on the incoming of the new crop to concentrate the receipts into 
fewer places of storage, and secure its inspection by one party. It was believed such an 
arrangement would insure greater uniformity in the inspection, and prevent the unsatis- 
factory condition of the market resulting from real or supposed irregularity in the inspec- 
tion of this grain, and a consequent difference in current price in different elevators. This 
arrangement, although fully inaugurated and working satisfactorily for a short time, was 
soon interfered with by the heavy receipts by rail, rendering the detention of cars by its 
operation a serious embarrassment to the railway companies, and it was partly abandoned. 
It is to be hoped that some measure may be devised even more satisfactory than the one 
alluded to. Barley, more than any other grain, is bought by experts on certain qualities 
suited to their peculiar wants at the time. It would be quite impossible to establish 
grades in sufficient number to cover all these shades of quality, and enable the owner to 
secure as good a price for his grain sold by grade as if sold on its ovm intrinsic merits. If 
a system of small bins could be adopted, wherein could be placed lots now sought to be 
sold by sample, it is believed a very considerable increase in our Barley trade would result, 
and that more money could be realized on the crop, and with better satisfaction to pur- 
chasers. The selling by sample on track is annoying, and from the necessity, at most 
times, of promptly unloading the cars or paying demurrage charges at a high rate, con- 
signees are not able to do as weU for shippers as with more leisure they might. 

LIVE STOCK. 

The aggregate receipts of all kinds of Live Stock have been less than in 1876. The 
receipts and valuations of stock received at the Union Stock Yards, of this city, for the 
past six years, as reported by Geo. T. Williams, Esq., the Secretary of the Company, have 
been as follows : 



.^.-j^iteALtii^ii^^' 



16 



Ybaks. 



Cattle. 



1872 684,075 

1873- ! 761,428 

1874.- - -...: 843.966 

1875 : 920.843 

1876 \ 1,096,745 

1877 i 1,033,151 



Hogs. 



3.252 623 

4.a37,750 
4.258.379 
3,912,110 
4.190.006 
4.025,970 



Sfieep. I Horses. ; Total Value. 



310,211 ! 

291,734 ; 

.333,665 , 

418,948 : 

364,095 I 
310.240 



12.145 

20,289 

17,588 

11,346 

8,159 

7.874 



$87,500,000 
91,321,162 
115.049,140 
117.5.33.942 
111,185,660 
99,024,100 



In addition to the Live Hogs there was received during the past year 164,339 Dressed 
Hogs, making the total receipts of Hogs for the year 4,190,309, against 4,338,628 in 1876. 

The shipments of the year have been, of Cattle, 703,402, and of Hogs, 951,221 live, 
and 94,648 dressed — a total of 1,045,869; of Sheep, 155,354. Leaving to be disposed of 
by city consumption and packing, 329,749 Cattle, 3,144,440 Hogs, and 154,886 Sheep, 
against an absorption by the city in 1876 of 299,021 Cattle, 3,127,339 Hogs, and 168,175 
Sheep. The market for Cattle has for the most part been characterized by dullness, but 
prices have ruled about the same as in 1876. Hogs have ruled decidedly lower in price, 
with an almost uninterrupted decline from the beginning to the close of the year. The 
average weight of the Live Hogs received during the past year was 245 pounds, being a 
trifle less than in 1876, but heavier than in either 1873 or 1874. 

Estimates of the Hog crop of the West are notoriously unreliable. In Illinois there 
were assessed, in 1877, 295,000 head more than in 1876. 



THE PACKING AND PROVISION TRADE. 

Chicago still maintains its supremacy as a packing point for hogs. The packing during 
the so-called regular season of 1876-7, in this city, being 1,618,084, while that of Cincin- 
nati, Louisville, St. Louis, Indianapolis and Milwaukee (the other great packing points of 
the West) combined, was only 1,672,981; for the whole year, Chicago far exceeds them all. 
The entire packing for the calendar year of 1877 is not far from 2,900,000 head. The 
winter packing to December 31 is about 28,000 less than for the corresponding time a year 
since, owing probably to the unusually mild weather and the almost impassable condition 
of country roads during a large part of December. 

The general tendency of prices being downward for most of the year, it has been diffi- 
cult to so conduct the business as to produce satisfactory results, except by operations on 
the part of packers of a more or less speculative character. Mess Pork closed at about 
$11.75 per barrel, a lower point than has been reached since 1873. The European export 
demand for Hog product has been large, the aggregate being somewhat greater for meats 
than in the previous year, and over 20,000,000 lbs. greater on Lard. 

Local trading in provisions has been very much smaller than of late years. Speculators 
have been but little inclined to operate freely, and during a large part of the year the 
market has ruled decidedly uninteresting. 

The packing of meats in hermetically sealed cans, has continued to increase, and this 
feature of the trade has assumed great proportions. The process has extended to poultry, 
but is principally confined to Beef. The utilizing of certain portions of the beef carcass 
by the process of canning has rendered obtainable statistics of the regular packing of Beef 
entirely unreliable as to numbers so packed, and no attempt has been made to report the 
number of cattle packed by the old process during the past year. In the reported ship- 
ments of Beef is included a large number of irregular packages put up by canning estab- 
lishments in other forms than in cans. 

The export of fresh Beef in the carcass, mainly to Great Britain, has been conducted 
with very satisfactory results, the total amount so shipped for the year ending June 30, 
1877, aggregating nearly 50,000,000 pounds, valued at over $4,500,000. Some of this 



17 

Beef has been slaughtered in this city, but more at the seaboard cities. It is, however, 
nearly all from western stock, and is an important item in the market facilities for western 
productions. 

A statement showing the distribution of the Meats, Lard, Butter and Cheese exported 
from the United States, is published herewith. It is of interest as showing what markets 
we are largely supplying, and may serve as a hint in what directions this trade may per- 
haps be increased. It is undoubtedly true that with better trade relations and improved 
facilities for reaching those markets, a very greatly increased trade with the West India 
Islands and South America might be developed. The West, from many considerations, 
has a deep interest in securing a better development of trade in these directions, and 
especially should our representatives in Congress endeavor to secure important modifica- 
tions in the trading facilities with the dependencies of Spain, from whom we buy largely 
but sell comparatively little. 

SEEDS. 

The trade in Seeds has increased very rapidly in Chicago within the past few years, 
having more than doubled since 1873. The accurate division in the receipts and shipments 
of the different kinds of seeds has so far been found to be impracticable; approximately, 
the receipts of Flax Seed during the past year has been about 69,000,000 pounds, or over 
1,200,000 bushels; of other seeds, mainly Timothy and Clover, the receipts have been over 
50,000,000 pounds. Considerable quantities of Flax Seed are consumed in the city, the 
remainder being shipped east. All kinds of seeds have ruled lower during the past year 
than the previous one, the decline being more marked in Timothy than in any other. The 
lowest prices of the year were at its close, say $4.70@4.85 for Clover, $1.32@1.27 for Tim- 
othy, and $1.30@1.35 for Flax, all good to choice. 

DISTILLED SPIEITS. 

The manufacture of Highwines during the past year in Chicago, as shown by the re- 
turns of the Collector of Internal Revenue, has been larger than in any previous year, 
aggregating 8,871,906 gallons. The price has ruled steady, the extremes being 104 and 
110 cents per gallon. Since the middle of May the extreme range has been only from 105 
to 109. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

In other articles of Produce the volume of trade has been of about its usual volume, that 
in Dairy Products being an exception by reason of its rapid increase. The quality of the 
Butter and Cheese marketed in the city is constantly improving, and has attracted the 
attention of dealers and consumers both in the Eastern States and in Europe, especially in 
Great Britain, where the consumption of the American manufacture of these commodities 
is very large, aggregating in value at the place of exportation over $15,500,000. 

The western fruit crop of 1877 was smaller and of inferior quality to that of 1876. 

DIRECT FOREIGN TRADE. 

The export trade from Chicago to Europe has been a trifle less in tonnage than in 1876, 
the footings being 309,185 tons in 1877, against 314,507 the year previous. A detailed 
statement of the principal articles so exported will be found under an appropriate heading, 
also the current freight rates (all rail from Chicago to the seaboard) on Provisions to the 
principal points of shipment. 

THE CARRYING TRADE. 

During the past year rates of transportation eastward by rail have been maintained on 
a much more uniform basis than in 1876. The lowest rate on grain from Chicago to New 
2 



18 

York being thirty cents, and the highest forty cents per 100 pounds, while in 1876 the 
range was from fourteen to forty-five cents for the same service. Other commodities and 
to other points have ruled correspondingly uniform, with the exception of meats, concern- 
ing the classification of which there has been some irregularity, as will be observed by 
reference to the table of "All Rail Freights." These changes produced much dissatisfac- 
tion on the part of shippers, and resulted in a diversion of that class of property from the 
rail to the lake, a somewhat novel feature in this movement, as for several years past the 
transportation of boxed meats has been conceded almost exclusively to the railway lines. 

The extremely low rates current in 1876 for transportation by the great trunk lines be- 
tween the east and the west, in many instances less than four mills per ton per mile, could 
scarcely have resulted otherwise than in serious losses to the companies engaged in the 
warfare that brought about the transactions of business upon such a basis. That those 
rates were worse than unremunerative appears to be settled by the sworn statement of the 
managers of the New York Central Railroad (in their annual report to the state authori- 
ties of New York, 1876), wherein it appears that the simple cost of moving the whole ton- 
nage of that exceedingly favored line was an average of about seven and one-eighth mills per 
ton per mile. Because of the lack of profit by the schedules of 1876, or for some other reason — 
which certainly was not the pressure of business upon the lines — there has been a constant 
effort during the past year to maintain rates on a higher basis. These efforts have been 
quite generally successful — almost entirely so in respect to the business from this city. 
Somewhat of cutting is believed to have been indulged in at pomts on or connecting with 
lines not passing through or from this city. This has resulted in diverting from us large 
quantities of property that under a faithfully observed system of uniform rates would have 
come to this city. It has seemed as though the trunk Imes preferred to accept a small 
portion of a largely cut rate on a much shorter haul for them than to concede anything on 
the schedule established for their whole line, thus reversing the usual policy prevailing in 
most lines of business of making concessions to the larger instead of to the smaller purchas- 
ers of a commodity. The principle upon which the railway transportation business be- 
tween this city and the seaboard has been conducted for the past several years, if there be 
any, is certainly past finding out by the uninitiated. As illustrating the radical inequality 
in rates made between this city and the East, and other points to the same terminus, it is 
stated, on apparently reliable authority, that grain has been taken from the vicinity of 
Omaha to New York by circuitous routes, but finally by lines connecting directly with this 
city, at rates but little, if any, above those charged from this city to New York. 

Rates on Wheat by steam to Buff"alo and thence by rail to New York have averaged over 
four cents per bushel higher than in 1876. Lake freights by sail have also averaged some- 
thing higher than the previous year, and the movement of grain by lake has, as previously 
remarked, been very much larger. Out of a total of 75,384,535 bushels of grain shipped 
from Chicago in 1876, 40,078,335, or 53|- per cent, went by lake. In 1877, with a total 
shipment of 79,535,704 bushels, 57,054,936, or 71^ per cent, went by lake. This result, 
while productive of but small profits to vessel owners, is nevertheless encouraging to the 
hope that this great avenue of commerce is not in so great danger of being entirely super- 
seded by the grain movement by rail transportation as some afifected to believe a year 
since. The changes from the rail to the lake have not been confined to this city, though • 
it has been less from other points than from here. With very little, if any, increase in the 
aggregate shipments from western lake ports, the receipts by lake at Buffalo have risen 
from 46,038,598 bushels of grain in 1876 to 63,791,521 bushels in 1877. A corresponding 
increase in the grain movement by the Erie canal is also noticeable. This has been greatly 
stimulated by the reduction of tolls to one-half those charged in 1876, which has brought 
about a corresponding reduction in canal freights. The shipments of grain from Buffalo 
by the Erie canal for the past three years have been as follows: In 1875, 35,353,611 bushels; 



19 

in 1876, 27,652,776 bushels; in 1877, 44,080,609 bushels, and a similar increase is shown 
in the receipts by canal at tide-water. It will be observed that the increase in shipments 
by lake from Chicago corresponds very nearly with the increase in the canal movement 
from Buffalo, indicating the close relations which exist between the lake and canal. Com- 
paratively little grain shipped from this city by sail is carried from Buffalo by rail, while 
that shipped from here by steam is very largely taken on a through rate to seaboard 
points by rail from Buffalo or Erie. It is manifest that the change from rail to lake trans- 
portation accounts for the large increase in the exportation of grain from New York, here- 
inbefore noted, and for the corresponding dechne in that business at Philadelphia and 
Baltimore. As between these cities Chicago can have no preference, but we cannot fail 
to observe that the increase of the grain movement through the latter cities indicates a rail- 
way diversion from the water routes, and such a diversion is unquestionably a diversion of 
business from this city. Chicago exists to-day as a great produce market because of her 
position in respect to water transportation, and her citizens can illy afford to contemplate 
with indifference any serious diversion of traffic from this great natural means of commu- 
nication. Railroads, as auxiliaries to this great route, have proved of inestimable value, 
and have contributed in untold measure to the development of all the material interests of 
the country, and especially of the West. They have their aj)propriate service to perform — 
a service the world cannot, without serious loss, dispense with or abridge. This city 
should not and does not desire to see railway corporations restricted in efforts to develop to 
the fuUest extent all legitimate means of increasing their business and affording the great- 
est amount of accommodation at the least possible expense to the people, but it cannot 
regard with favor spasmodic efforts, by the adoption, temporarily, of unremunerative rates, 
to utterly ruin the existing shipping interests of the lakes and discourage the construction 
of new vessels to perpetuate those interests, nor can we look indifferently upon any 
attempts at legislative manipulation or public sentiment in that State in respect to the 
canal policy of New York that would tend to strangle or seriously cripple that great line 
of water communication which, in connection with the lakes, insures a permanent check 
on combinations, that we have seen may be organized, and which, without this element of 
competition, may prove successful in binding the interests of the people as in chains. 

The policy that the State of New York has heretofore maintained, of so adjusting her 
canal tolls as to produce a large revenue to the State, drawn mainly from the transporta- 
tion of western products, seems to have been, at least temporarily, abandoned. It had 
become apparent to her more thoughtful citizens that unless the Erie Canal traffic be made 
nearly or absolutely free of tolls, the western produce business was likely to seek other 
channels, as it had already done to an alarming extent, and that with it would pass away, 
perhaps forever, much of the commercial supremacy of their chief city. It was reasonably 
clear that under no circumstances could high tolls be longer maintained without destroy- 
ing the business of the canal, and although slow to accept this fact as established, it weU 
became her legislators finally to consider whether it were not wiser to abandon all at- 
tempts to secure revenue from that source than to persist in a policy that was steadily but 
surely drying up both it and other sources of revenue to the State, and transferring an 
immense business, long profitably enjoyed by her people, to enrich the commerce of other 
States. While the Erie Canal has ceased, under the developments of the age in other 
means of transit, to be a source from which the State of New York can longer expect to 
draw a direct revenue, it has not necessarily ceased to be a most important factor in the 
commercial advantages of that State and of the Northwest. The people of the State of 
New York may congratulate themselves that the wise projectors of their great public 
work so fully comprehended its importance in securing for many years a practical mon- 
opoly of the commerce of the Northwest, and also that the enterprise, unlike most pubhc 
works of a similar character, has long since repaid to the State Treasury much more than 



20 

its entire cost and all cnarges for maintenance and interest upon the investment. It now 
remains to be determined whether they can comprehend the necessity to them of main- 
taining' this work in a condition necessary for the accomplishment of as grand results in 
the future as in the past; to do so will require the abandonment of all thought of realizing 
revenue from it to relieve burdens of taxation upon the people of the State, and may re- 
quire expenditures by the State in order to bring it to, and preserve it in, its highest state 
of efficiency. The West will gladly continue to pour through this great artery of com- 
merce its life and wealth-giving productions, but having already paid directly for its 
original cost and maintenance to the present time, does not, now that other channels of 
communication are open to it, feel inclined to contribute further to its maintenance. It is 
hoped that the policy of a free, enlarged and we 11- maintained canal may be accepted by 
the people of the State of New York as one of wisdom and enlightened public economy. 
Such a policy, it appears reasonable to suppose, would insure for all time to come a rate 
of transportation on grain from this city to the mstropolis of the country not exceeding 
eight or ten cents per bushel, a price with which, it is believed, no known means of trans- 
portation can successfully compete. 
I am, Me. President, 

Very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

CHAS. RANDOLPH, 

Secretary. 
Chicago, January I, 1878. 



W^^^'Tr^Q^^ '. 



REPORT OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 



To the Members of the Board of Trade, Chicago: 

Gentlemen, — Your Board of Directors, in compliance with the rules established for 
our common government, respectfully submit for your information the following report 
of the financial condition of the Board at the present time, of the receipts and expenditures 
of the past year, and such other mattfes pertaining to the interests of the Association as 
are presumed to be of general interest to the membership, and as may be appropriate in 
this place. 

At the close of the previous fiscal year of the Board, its assets, not including furniture 
and fixtures in current use, were stated to be as follows, to wit: 

One thousand and fifty shares of the stock of the Chamber of Commerce, charged at cost, less 

amount received as dividends over six per cent interest on moneys invested $85,905 16 

Chicago city 7 per cent honds, par _. 10,000 00 

Chicago city 8 per cent certificates, par.-. ..- - 25,000 00 

Hyde Park 7 per cent bonds, par - 30,000 CO 

Chicago & Alton Railroad stock, par 10,000 00 

Investments - $160,905 16 

Cash in the hands of the Treasurer and Secretary 6.936 00 

Total - --- $167,841 16 

The receipts and disbursements of the past fiscal year have been as follows 

KECEIPTS. 

From annual assessments, 1,831 members $36,620 00 

From clerks' tickets 10,800 00 

From special tickets (railroad and other agents) 740 00 

From visitors' tickets 10,070 00 

From transfers of 206 memberships 2,060 00 

From table rents and premiums 3,780 50 

From interest and dividends on investments and on the treasurer's account 14,098 41 

From fines for irregular trading 470 00 

From collections on account of old claims 520 24 

Total receipts $79,159 15 

Add cash on hand as per the last annual statement 6.936 00 

Total to be accounted for $86,095 15 

DISBURSEMENTS. 
For Current Expenses: 

Rent, heating and water $21,980 27 

Salaries (except elevator) 17,377 83 

Maintaining and running elevator 3,014 62 

Forward .- $42,372 72 



22 

Brought forward $42,372 72 

Market reports and telegraphiuj^ 6,199 13 

Annual report, less sales 2,C79 60 

Repairs, including new hall floor _ 4.037 31 

Legal expenses 4,822 34 

Report of packing in the west 887 98 

National Board of Trade 698 20 

Sundry small items, including stationery and printing, Dearborn Observatory 

time, postages, gas. ice, barometer, extra labor, soap, towels, etc. etc 3,247 25 

$64,944 53 

For expenses of commercial building, less rentals received 2,441 79 

For donation to United States soldiers 1,000 00 

For purchase of Chicago city 7 per cent certificates 15,000 00 

$83,386 32 
Cash on hand with the treasurer $2,521 15 

Cash on hand with the secretary 187 68 2,708 83 

$86,095 15 

The investments of the Board have been changed since the last report in the following 
particulars: The account of cost of Chamber of'Commerce stock has been reduced by 
$1,710.40, the amount received during the year in dividends in excess of six per cent 
per annum on the moneys invested, as shown by the last annual statement. $25,000 
of eight per cent city certificates which matured in August last were disposed of very 
advantageously, and new certificates running two years and drawing six per cent per 
annum interest, payable semi-annually, were purchased in their stead at par, and later 
city certificates, to the amount of $15,000, due in August next, and drawing interest at 
seven per cent per annum, were purchased with surplus funds on hand. 

The assets of the Board at the present time, not including furniture and fixtures, are 
as follows: 

One thousand and fifty shares of Chamber of Commerce stock, net cost $84,194 76 

Chicago city 7 per cent bonds, par 10.000 00 

Chicago city 6 per cent certificates, par 25.000 00 

Chicago city 7 per cent certificates, par 15,000 00 

Hyde Park 7 per cent bonds, par 30,000 00 

Chicago & Alton Railroad stock, par_ 10,000 00 

Cash with treasurer and secretary ._ 2,708 83 

Total $176,903 .59 

Tlie investments of the Board, as above stated, are at this time, nominally, worth 
about $20,000 less than they are rated at in the statement, but none of them pay less than 
six per cent per annum on their par value, while those nominally below par in current 
market value have, so far, exceeded that amount in dividends. 

The assessment for defraying the expenses of the Board for the ensuing year has been 
fixed at twenty (20) dollars for each member. This is somewhat less than a strict con- 
struction of the rule in that respect would warrant, but the Board of Directors, acting 
upon what they believed a sound policy, have contemplated the receipt of funds from 
other sources, as in past years, that may assist in defraying current expenses, thus reliev- 
ing the members of an unnecessary burden of taxation. 

A moderate expenditure in the way of repairs and alterations in the Exchange Hall 
has been incurred during the past year, mainly in reflooring and in enlarging the available 
space for business purposes. These expenditures were deemed wise economy, and are 
presumed to have met the concurrence of the members. The system of ventilation intro- 
duced into the Exchange Hall in 1876, while effecting a great improvement in respect to 
this important matter, was yet not all that was hoped for by its introduction; recent 
further improvements, as yet but partly completed, promise exceedingly favorable results, 



23 

and it is confidently beKeved that within a short time this vexed question will be found to 
have reached an entirely satisfactory solution. 

The present membership of the Board embraces eighteen hundred end thirty-one (1831) 
names; a few have allowed their membership to lapse and become forfeited under the 
rules by the non-payment of the assessment of the past year, thus reducing the member- 
ship by eleven from its numbers one year since. 

During the past year twelve of those whose names were upon our membership roll 
have passed away by death. Some of these had been long associated with us, and were 
held in high esteem by all with whom they were associated, either in business or social 
hfe; several were called away in early life, leaving unmatured plans, unfulfilled expecta- 
tions and unsatisfied hopes in respect to the affairs of this life. All are deeply lamented 
by sorrowing friends, and while we pause to recall their memories we can but reflect upon 
the exceeding uncertainty of the tenure by which we hold the associations of our mortal 
existence. 

No new members have been admitted by the payment of the regular initiation fee, but 
two hundred and six (306) transfers have been made from members deceased or retiring to 
new apphcants approved by the Board of Directors. An impression seems to prevail quite 
generally among the members of the Board that the cost of admission to the privileges of 
membership in the Association, which is deemed desirable to all persons engaged in such 
branches of business as are usually conducted on 'Change, is quite inadequate to the bene- 
fits to be derived by parties who desire to become connected by membership in the Board. 
The organization has grown up from small beginnings to a commanding position in its 
influence as a commercial body, and a large number of those who, by many years' devo- 
tion to its advancement, may be said to " have borne the burden and heat of the day " in 
its early life and maturity, feel that it is but just that new-comers should be required to 
contribute somewhat more adequately for the benefits resulting from the enjoyment of a 
perfected organization indispensable in the prosecution of the business in which most of 
the members are engaged. Having a respect to the sentiment alluded to, the Board of 
Directors, during fee past year, proposed to the Association, and recommended its adop- 
tion, an amendment to the rules relating to the transfer of memberships that they be- 
lieved calculated to sensibly advance their money value to the pecuniary advantage of 
existing members, and at the same time tend to restrict the admission of new members to 
those who had sufiicient interest in becoming members to justify their contributing to the 
Association (really for the benefit of existing members) the amount of the full initiation 
fee. Possibly from a misapprehension of the probable operation and effect of the pro- 
posed amendment the members did not see fit to adopt it, and the real cost of becoming a 
member of the Board remains at less than one third of the nominal initiation fee. If some 
acceptable measure can be devised for the accomplishment of the end had in view by the 
proposed amendment referred to, the Board of Directors would earnestly recommend its 
early adoption. 

The year just closed has brought to your officers less annoyance than heretofore from 
suits instituted in the courts, to redress fancied grievances, by members who had been so 
unfortunate as to incur the discipline provided by our Rules; and it is hoped that here- 
after, under carefully considered action on the part of the Board in exercising its prerog- 
atives of dealing with complaints against members falling liable to the penalties prescribed 
by the Rules, and with equitable rulings by the courts, the discipline necessary to the 
proper maintenance of the character of the organization may be fully sustained. No part 
of the duties of the Board of Directors is so unpleasant as that which requires them to pass 
judgment upon the delinquencies of their fellow-members, but recognizing the fact that 
experience has fully demonstrated the absolute necessity of applying the provisions of the 
Rules in this respect, they may not shrink from a duty however unpleasant it may seem 



24 

to be. It is more than a doubtfully just exhibition of leniency to tolerate within the Asso- 
ciation acts of a character calculated to bring reproach upon all its members. 

The past year has failed to bring to the country that restoration of business activity 
and commercial prosperity that it was hoped would have been realized ; hesitation and 
distrust still embarrass trade, while capital lingers in its hiding-places, not yet inclined 
to lend its ready assistance in reinvigorating our languishing industries. The constant 
shrinkage in values in nearly all kinds of property have hitherto rendered investments 
uninviting, and new or undeveloped enterprises find but little favor among capitalists, 
while labor is far in excess of demand for its employment. Our own section has probably 
been as little affected by the depression of the times as any portion of the country, but 
even here, and in the territory tributary to this city, the blighting influences of the gen- 
eral stagnation are keenly realized. The great agricultural crops of the country have 
generally been of fair, or better, quality and quantity, and, with even moderately remu- 
nerative prices, ought to bring much of relief, not only to their producers but to the 
country generally. The general shrinkage of values incident to the appreciation of our 
currency, now nearly at the specie level, would seem to have progressed quite far enough, 
and in many instances they have fallen below a point that it would seem should invite 
ready investment. May the new year upon which we are entering prove to have been 
the beginning of brighter days financially and commercially, and the dawn of a new era 
in our national and individual prosperity. 

Respectfully submitted on behalf of the Board of Directors. 

JOSIAH STILES, Vice-President. 

Chicago, January 14, 1878. 



GENERAL STATISTICAL STATEMEl^TS 



OP THE 



UNITED STATES, STATE OF ILLmOIS AND CITY OF CHICAGO, 

POPIILATIOJf, PUBLIC DEBT STATEMENTS, VALTJATION OF PROPEETY, ETr. 



Statemeistt of Exports and Impoets. 



STATISTICS OF THE TEADE OF CHICAGO 



m 



LEAD^G AETICLES OF COMMERCE FOR PREYIOUS YEARS, ETC. 



26 



POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES. 



1790 3,929,214 

1800 5,308,483 

1810 7,239,881 

1820 9,633,822 



1870 38,558,371 



1&30 12,866,030 

1840 17,069,453 

1850 23,191,876 

1860 31,443,331 



POPULATION OF ILLINOIS. 



1810 12,282 

1920 55,162 

1830 157,445 



1870 -.2,539,891 



1840 .- 476,183 

1850- 851,470 

1860 1,711,951 



POPULATION OF CHICAGO. 



1830 70 

1840 4,853 

1845 12,088 

1850 29,963 

1853 60,627 

1860 112,172 



1877 (December) estimated 475,000 



1865 178,900 

1866 200,418 

1868 252,054 

1870 298,977 

1871.... (June) 334,270 

1872 (October) 364,377 



ACRES UNDER CULTIVATION IN THE STATE OF 

ILLINOIS, 

As returned hy the County Assessors since 1858. 



Year. 


Wheat. 


Corn. 


■ Other 

Field 

Products. 


1859 


2,259,648 
1,96:^328 
2,546,409 
2,447,103 
2,243,885 
1,978,588 
1,761,268 
1,829,737 
2,083,189 
2,.506,199 
2,.526,163 
2,035,527 
2,004,392 
2.166.407 
2,.591,031 
2,4:33,050 
2,078,808 
1.897,179 


4,020,399 
4,119,620 
4.212,696 
4,014,077 
3,949,285 
3.970,218 
4,:340,111 
4,789,353 
4,725,386 
5,106.6V8 
5,444,565 
6,262.963 
6,923,076 
7,304,540 
7.389.334 
7,897,851 
8,544.982 
8,843,388 


1,084,579 


I860 


1,035.673 


1861 


1,105,148 
1,245,735 
1,350,434 


1862 .. 


1863 


1864 


1.535,236 


1865 


1,. 531, 164 


1866 


1,632,285 
1,568,665 


1867 


1868 


1,794,611 
2,045,798 


1869 . .. 


1870 .. ... 


2,387,120 


1871 


2,470,049 


1872 


2,781,329 


1873 


2,641497 
2,666,128 


1874 


1875 _ 


2,367,704 


1876 


2.557.098 







27 



STATEMENT 



STioioing the Number of Acres under Cultivation, hy Counties, in the State 

of Illinois in 1876. 



(As reported by the Township Assessors.) 



Counties. 



Adams 

Alexander 

Bond -.- 

Boone 

Brown 

Bureau 

Calhoun 

Carroll _ 

Cass 

Champaign . . . 

Christian 

Clark 

Clay 

Clinton 

Coles 

Cook* 

Crawford 

Cumberland . . 

DeKalb 

DeWitt 

Douglas 

Du Page 

Edgar. ._ _ 

Edwards 

Effingham 

Fayette 

Ford _.. 

Franklin 

Fulton 

Gallatin 

Greene 

Grundy 

Hamilton* 

Hancock 

Hardin* 

Henderson 

Henry _ 

Iroquois 

Jackson .. 

Jasper ._ 

Jefferson 

Jersey 

Jo Daviess 

Johnson. 

Kane 

Kankakee . 

Kendall* 

Knox 

Lake .. 

La Salle W 

Lawrence 



Wheat, 


Corn, 


acres. 


acres. 


61.150 


115,020 


7,846 


14.113 


30,152 


60.143 


1,198 


32,632 


16,779 


42,425 


14,030 


155,684 


15,086 


20,321 


16,655 


76,619 


14,201 


76.721 


5,953 


2.13,371 


12,084 


199,453 


27,273 


60,891 


14,460 


56,486 


69,740 


69,485 


8,772 


102.616 


3,100 


39,000 


31,813 


43,467 


9,308 


40,796 


8,969 


105,453 


4,404 


97,750 


2,021 


109.706 


3,506 


36,982 


14,253 


85,620 


14,339 


22,101 


22,881 


57,203 


29,666 


re,816 


218 


139,084 


20,293 


38.957 


25,226 


131.828 


13,241 


36,527 


46,850 


78,315 


280 


107,079 


2.600 


37,500 


10,867 


130,970 


3,700 


13,000 


6,907 


&3,777 


5,800 


151,024 


1,231 


278,181 


43,123 


31,269 


13.812 


41,762 


24,322 


54,708 


48.120 


36.490 


7.050 


70.614 


15,065 


29,794 


1,461 


35.9a3 


344 


149.852 


1,800 


50.000 


7,499 


164.610 


2..587 


18,789 


5.948 


225.781 


29.761 


.34,796 



Other 

Field 

Products, 

acres. 



46,620 

1.277 
20,431 
34,426 

5,655 
39,777 

1,311 
53,577 
10,304 
43,798 
23,606 
11,510 
13,875 
27,771 
16,298 
56,000 

5,288 
10,478 
56,689 
18,813 
12.034 
46,585 

6,974 

4,774 
20.571 
12.826 
25.820 
15,750 
36,926 

5.391 

6.743 
22,757 

4,000 
32.817 

7.500 
18,907 
38,431 
68,369 

7,069 

6,138 
14.057 

9,270 
44.996 

5.898 
25.-383 
65,217 
20,000 
46,225 
28,656 
54,705 
. 3,748 



Counties. 



Lee* 

Livingston . 

Logan * 

McDonough 

McHenry 

McLean 

Macon. , 

Macoupin 

Madison 

Marion 

Marshall 

Mason 

Massac 

Menard 

Mercer 

Monroe 

Montgomery 

Morgan 

Moultrie 

Ogle* , 

Peoria , 

Perry* , 

Piatt 

Pike. 

Pope 

Pulaski 

Putnam 

Randolph 

Richland 

Rock Island 
St. Clair.... 

Saline 

Sangamon... 

Schuyler 

Scott 

Shelby 

Stark 

Stephenson.. 

Tazewell 

Union 

Vermilion . 

Wabash 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne 

White 

Whiteside... 

Will 

Williamson. 
Winnebago.. 
Woodford ... 



Wheat, 


Com, 


acres. 


acres. 


13,000 


120,000 


1,460 


278.437 


8,500 


148,000 


13,884 


107.884 


2.792 


53,766 


10,863 


320.795 


5,053 


166,639 


71,509 


140.266 


102,145 


107.411 


11,081 


61 '859 


3,604 


99,508 


8,125 


81.939 


16,415 


14,713 


3.889 


83.668 


14,985 


106,280 


56,951 


26.115 


42,504 


147,515 


13.760 


97.680 


2.600 


102,626 


27,000 


128,000 


4,701 


107.590 


17.000 


18,000 


2,956 


106.587 


79,521 


100.089 


1,084 


23.869 


7.840 


10,157 


2,247 


29.591 


71.253 


24.938 


26,708 


35.685 


5.415 


45.677 


149,766 


70,649 


7,414 


24.363 


12.238 


170.524 


20.375 


58,286 


11.000 


24.970 


19,461 ' 


138.847 


1.852 


79.566 


21.251 


88.962 


9.689 


97.511 


26.653 


34.542 


14,356 


163.134 


20,493 


26.275 


4,546 


133.035 


32,615 


16.639 


16.330 


6.5,711 


32,798 


57.698 


12.422 


115.064 


2.730 


143.033 


18,631 


35,780 


6.669 


80.522 


9,301 


125,429 



Other 

Field 

Products, 

acres. 



37.000 
53.909 
16.000 
30,230 
49,663 
80.125 
24.578 
19,174 
27,191 
11,359 
29.608 
14,643 

2.501 

8.250 
26,395 
13,838 
24,198 
21,486 
18,742 
147,000 
39,745 
12,000 
16,510 
13.601 
12.865 

1,032 

7992 
14.239 

7.506 
12,880 
35.a39 

6.169 
14.011 
12,140 

3.500 
27.572 
17,601 
68.004 
15.359 

9.795 
21.175 

3,457 
27.033 

9.632 
17.743 

8.914 
41.221 
96.787 
12..384 
59.147 
40.114 



Estimated from the returns of previous years and the increase or decrease of adjoining counties. 
Included in Other Field Products are about 1,640,000 acres of oats. 



'■ \ i'^''.. - ^^'■'-'^- 



28 



STATEMENT 

Showing the NUmher of Acres under Cultivation in Blinois in 1877, as 
reported by the State Department of Agrictclture. 



Counties. 



Adams 

Alexander .. 

Bond 

Boone 

Brown 

Bureau 

Calhoun.. . 

Carroll 

Cass 

Champaign 
Christian .. 

Clark 

Clay 

Clinton 

Coles 

Cook 

Crawford .. 
Cumberland 
DeKalb.... 

DeWitt 

Douglas ... 

Du Page 

Edgar 

Edwards ... 
Effingham . 

Fayette 

Ford 

Franklin ... 

Fulton 

Gallatin . . . 

Greene 

Grundy 

Hamilton... 
Hancock ... 

Hardin 

Henderson 

Henry 

Iroquois ... 

Jackson 

Jasper 

Jeflerson . . 

Jersey 

Jo Daviess . 

Johnson 

Kane 

Kankakee . 

Kendall 

Knox 

Lake 

LaSalle 

Lawrence ... 



Winter 

Wheat, 

acres. 



58,092 

5585 

27,136 

599 

15,940 

14,3.31 

2,498 

14,839 

6,697 

4,591 

24.341 

10,845 

59,279 

9,210 

^'860 
8,378 

"l',54i 
1,516 

ia'iis 

14 339 
22,822 
32,6.32 
164 
25,366 
16,396 
12,578 
49,192 

"4,132 
9,291 
4,494 
3,453 

"'984 

51,747 
13,812 
33.a34 
57.744 
2,467 
15,065 
730 



2,249 

647 

2,974 

31,249 



Spring 
Wheat, 
acres. 



386 

838 
12,627 

iV,325 

675 

595 

604 

4,090 



7,899 



8,521 

2,433 

505 

3,331 



1,144 

43 

'8,386 



322 

'V,i46 



3,280 

5,800 

2.34 



1,410 

""80.3 
293 
3,282 
3,562 
1,358 
2,379 



Corn, 
acres. 



109,269 
14.113 
51,121 
.35,895 
42.425 

163,468 
19.304 
76.619 
76,721 

233,371 

189.480 
51,757 
50,8-37 
66,010 

102,616 
37,172 
41 293 
38 757 

115998 
97,750 

104,220 
46,227 
94,182 
22,101 
48,622 
65.5.35 

152,992 
37,009 

145,010 
29.221 
78.315 

117,786 

150,402 

124.421 
11,845 
&3,777 

151,024 

305,999 
31,269 
.39.673 
41,031 
31,016 
77,675 
32,773 
39.581 

164.8.37 
.39.559 

164,610 
21,607 

225,781 
26,097 



Oats, 
acres. 



8,340 

530 

12,229 

25,456 

3,907 

30,813 

720 

32,151 

9,300 
25,584 
10,045 

5 749 

8 556 
17,766 
10.013 
36,750 

3.134 

5,747 
37,039 
10,465 

8,490 
35,035 

4,078 

3,845 
12,179 

9.048 
12,226 

8,956 
16,605 

3,814 

3,903 

13,975 

32,015 

19.567 

449 

8,234 
26,551 
31,487 

4,342 

3.203 

8,159 

1,160 
37,464 

3.895 
22,390 
39.427 

5.947 
30..371 
19,098 
45,505 

2,207 



Improved 

Lands in 

1876, 

acres. 



375,248 
124 2.39 
180,383 
173.727 
102.291 
487,153 

44 266 
2.35,860 
134.523 
544,646 
392.929 
155,427 
157,393 
208,975 
268.622 
398,668 
153,689 
1.33,789 
390,513 
226,332 
251,855 
206,668 
352.497 

75.678 
165.904 
236,907 
278.151 
106 560 
3a3.370 
126,528 
262,018 
255.631 
117,139 
.381,741 
7,832 
165.991 
444.-342 
610,808 
101,894 
159,128 
155.111 
147,425 
204.605 

64,761 
309,029 
.300.165 
198,884 
426,987 
248.451 
626..351 
128,107 



Winter 

Wheat 

Sown for 

1878, 

acres. 



60,805 

7,356 

25,779 

658 

15,940 

"l"5",047 

3.-372 

16,332 

9.040 

7.395 

37,728 

24,401 

77 062 

17,038 

'2"6',246 
11,310 

""l',386 
2,122 

"l3,.326 
18,640 
29,668 
42,421 
213 
30,439 
17,215 
16,980 
54,111 

""5',i6,5 

10,220 

4,943 

3,625 

""l".986 
54,.334 
17,265 
44,325 
66,405 
2,861 
18.831 
730 



2,698 

647 

2.974 

34,373 



T-VV-Ui-. ■,-.-■- ; 



29 



ACRES UNDER CULTIVATION IN ILLINOIS IN 1877— Oontinfed. 



Counties. 



Lee 

Livingston . 

Logan 

Macon 

Macoupin 

Madison 

Marion 

Marshall 

Mason 

Massac , 

McDonough 

McHenry 

McLean 

Menard 

Mercer 

Monroe 

Montgomery 

Morgan 

Moultrie 

Ogle 

Peoria 

Perry , 

Piatt 

Pike 

Pope 

Pulaski 

Putnam 

Randolph 

Richland 

Rock Island . 

Saline 

Sangamon... 

Schuyler 

Scott 

Shelby 

Stark 

St. Clair 

Stephenson.. 

Tazewell 

Union 

Vermilion .. 

Wabash 

Warren 

Washington . 

Wayne 

White 

Whiteside... 

Will 

Williamson.. 
Winnebago.. 
Woodford ... 

Totals. 



Winter 

Wheat, 

acres. 



14,369 

6,442 

82,?35 

107.252 

8,469 

396 

7,313 

12,311 

3,471 

1,535 

5,974 

3,305 

2,808 

56,951 

34,003 

10,526 

1,658 

3.839 

2,645 

17,763 

2,217 

79,521 

1,029 

7,448 

224 

89,066 

38.058 

270 

8,896 

9,301 

19,254 

10,450 

18,390 

149,766 

5,313 

7,412 

29,318 

18.303 

20,493 

2,500 

40,769 

14.697 

34,437 



27,946 

1,667 

232 



Spring 
Wheat, 
acres. 



28,447 
1,460 
1,358 

757 



2,077 
2,595 

852 
4,309 
9,372 
1,381 
4,156 

611 
12,737 



1,376 

312 

31,098 

995 

"""554 



&,124 

""l",269 
4,373 

"'"428 

1,528 

550 

1.946 

1,760 

ll',i57 . 
1,597 

"2,152 

'2,045 



11,189 
2,730 

"3,501 
8,395 



Corn, 
acres. 



1,729,296 



248 449 



113,827 

334,123 

133,348 

166,639 

126,240 
96,670 
55,674 

114.484 
81,930 
15,448 

107.884 
59.142 

320,795 
75,302 

100,966 
26,115 
95,884 

102,564 
97,494 

149,854 

107.590 
14,784 

106,587 

105,093 
23,869 
10.157 
31.070 
21,196 
26,764 
50.244 
21,927 

170.524 
58,286 
23.721 

118.019 
83,544 
63,585 

106,754 
97,511 
34,542 

163,134 
22,333 

146,338 

11,647 

55.854 

57,698 

■ 11.5,064 

143,033 
35.780 
84,548 

131,700 

8,935,411 



Oats, 
acres. 



21,033 

42,606 

5,398 

16,835 

10,562 

13,347 

7,287 

22,104 

8,831 

1,087 

16,550 

33,559 

51,003 

4,050 

16,274 

8,355 

8.414 

11,896 

5.998 

59,231 

25,133 

997 

8,330 

4,917 

3,442 

420 

5,799 

10,847 

5.513 

7,984 

4,277 

5.613 

6,103 

425 

13,635 

13.699 

18,390 

41,658 

6,049 

4.787 

10,794 

2,232 

23,014 

7,956 

8,724 

3,448 

27,791 

68,641 

8,234 

44,009 

31,102 



1,556,194 



Improved 

Lands In 

1876, 

acres. 



409,565 
622,265 
362,087 
345,000 
414,477 
335,968 
202,614 
208,335 
219,955 

46,189 
330,527 
347.562 
695,876 
160,198 
300,881 
115,627 
352,428 
287.300 
190,244 
415,389 
329,995 
111.348 
260,349 
291,247 

78,173 

27.407 

80,345 
169,035 
139.161 
190.427 

79,647 
551.020 
190.694 

88,519 
367,758 
162.347 
291,883 
314,565 
304 318 

86.572 
508.743 

69,648 
320.445 
214.238 
194,198 
140,151 
333,616 
499,982 

98,241 
299.765 
273,789 



Winter 

Wheat 

Sov?n for 

1878, 

acres. 



25,639,304 



11,495 

7,408 

94,57» 

116.904 

10,162 

396 

7.898 

15,388 

3.297 

1,535 

6,451 

6.114 

2.808 

56,951 

57,805 

13,052 

3,150 

4,299 

2,909 

17,763 

2,1(W 

85.882 

1.749 

12,065 

224 

89,066 

32,349 

270 

12.899 

14.695 

22,142 

12,017 

25,378 

V61,747 

7.544 

8,153 

32,249 

19,589 

23,566 

2.500 

61,153 

21,310 

43,046 



40,521 

1,750 

116 

2,032,843 



Note.— The Secretary of the State Department of Agriculture estimates the yield in 1877 to be. of 
Winter Wheat, 29,510,032 bushels; of Spring Wheat, 2,980,524 bushels; of Corn, 269,889,742 bushels; of 
Oats, 61,145,9&3 bushels; and of Hay, 4,044,967 tons. 



Y,«SJSs^S?^ 



30 



STATEMENT 

Sliotving the Valuations of Property for purposes of taxation in the State 
of Illinois, from 1839 to 1877, inclusive ; also the Public Debt of the 
State for the same time. 



Year. 



1839 
1840 
1841 
1842 
184:3 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1858, 
1859 
1860 
1861, 
1862, 
186:3, 
1864 
1865. 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871, 
1872, 
1873 
1874, 
1875, 
1876 
1877, 



Real Estate. 



Personal 
Proporty. 



$86,532,237 
98,748,533 
101,424,158 
142,658,944 
154,462,122 
234,590,084 
213.750,827 
246,091,920 
296,155,205 
266,655,254 
266.258,155 
238,858.839 
228,087,996 
232,913,619 
242,534,332 
262,114,308 
273,122,106 
351,807,034 
337.3:31,762 
346,587,734 
347.876,690 
366,244,708 
371,619,940 
899,434,748 
847,947,477 
789,208,982 
747.512,376 
700,096,143 



$33,335,799 

39,069,546 

42,145,;327 

62.499.719 

79,545,953 

95,927,2.35 

104,108,235 

111,813,908 

97,853,641 

88,288,094 

88.884,115 

80,720,918 

73,509,758 

87,560,697 

102,057,865 

116,;302,295 

122,966,672 

136,021,879 

122,234,718 

126,136,081 

113,545,227 

113,915,561 

113,607,959 

308,119,271 

264,785,202 

235,834,418 

209,281,245 

189,465,922 



Railroad 
Property. 



$6,639,220 
7,529,703 
9,131,475 
ll;758,695 
12,085,472 
11,243,722 
11,326,595 
11,525,555 
12,285,640 
13,911,303 
14,707,097 
16,854,640 
14,914,397 
16,280,960 
19,242,141 
25,516,042 
25,658,784 
133,807,823 
81,723,772 
60,496,456 
44,329,489 
41,637,243 



Total 
Valuation. 



$58,889,525 

58,752,168 

70,166,053 

72,605,424 

72,416,800 

75,747,765 

82,327,105 

88,815,403 

92,206,493 

102,132,193 

105,432,752 

119,868,-336 

137,818,079 

149,294,805 

225,159,633 

252,756,568 

336,186.334 

349,951^372 

407,477;367 

403.140,321 

366,702,043 

367,227,742 

330,823,479 

312,924,:349 

331,999.871 

356,877,837 

392.327,906 

410,795.876 

504,683,553 

474,480,877 

489.004,775 

480,664,058 

505,676,311 

510,886,683 

1,341,.361,842 

1,194,456.451 

1,085,539,856 

1,001,12.3,110 

931,199,308 



State Debt. 



$100,000 
10,630,000 
11,960,000 

'l2,733",666 

"i3V5ob",o6b 
'i5Vobo,666 
Y5V5"ob",oo6 
'i6,bbo,o6o 
"i6VTbo",oo5 
'i5Vi"9b',bbo 

"l3,863",0bb 

"ii,8b4ibbb 
"io',3bb",bob 
"i2V28b',bbb 

'11,178,000 

"8,638,000 
5,988,000 
5,124,995 
4,890,937 
1,892,496 
2,060,150 
1,706,750 
1,730,972 
1,480,582 
1,480,600 
1,442,464 



Note.— Up to 1850 only the aggregate valuations in the several counties were reported to the State 
oflBcers, and from 1852 to 1857, Inclusive, a few counties returned only the aggregates; hence the details of 
Real Estate and Personal Property valuations are not complete for those years. In 1867 and 1868 the 
details of valuation are not entirely correct, owing to changes by the operation of the equalization law; 
since 1868 the valuations are as equalized. The total valuations in each of the several years are entirely 
correct and official. 

The valuations for 1873 as equalized are largely in excess of any previous year. In 1874 some changes 
were made in the manner of equalizing the assessments, resulting in reducing all the valuations, but 
especially that of Railroad Property. 

The State Debt, as noted, represents it as it stood on the let of January in each of the several years 
to 1869. In 1869 and 1870, as it stood December 1. In 1871, as it stood December 31. Since 1872, as it 
stood December 1. 

On the 31st of December, 1877, Bonds of the State to the amount of $663,134 had been called in for 
payment by money in the State Treasury, so that practically the bonded debt is reduced to $779,330. 



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82 



CANAL STATISTICS — (OFFICIAL.) 

18Jf8 to 1877 inclusive. 

The following Statement shows the Expenses of Repairs, Renewals, etc., also the amount of Tolls 
collected, together with the dates of the Opening and Closing of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. 



Year. 



1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
185.3 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1858 
1859 
1860 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1872 
1873 
1874 
1875, 
1876 
1877 



Ordinary 
Repairs. 



$36,452 
43,922 
38,418 
39,447 
42,816 
40,.383 
.36,587 
38,216 
33,101 
37,256 
36,115 
34,026 
34,308 
39,238 
40.024 
49,294 
47,535 
39,255 
43,716 
46,152 
52,984 
49,514 
43,098 
54,555 
42,785 
53,525 
49,139 
46,241 
42,418 
54,965 



Extraord'y 

Repairs, 

Renewals, 

and Hyd. 

Works. 



S6,744 
26,999 
19,996 
19,027 
10,692 
4,486 
16,654 
32,657 
58,357 
65,825 
21,972 
40,406 
48,275 
15,823 
15,.3.37 
13,021 
18,572 
85,614 
72,647 
116,504 
69,067 
42,251 
65,597 
42,667 
46,090 
27,573 
24,659 
28,270 
49.167 
55.053 



Gross 
Expenses. 



$43,197 

70,922 

58,415 

58,475 

53,508 

44,870 

53,242 

70,878 

91,458 

103,082 

58,088 

74,4.32 

82,583 

55,061 

55,.362 

62.715 

66,107 

124,869 

116,-363 

162,656 

122,052 

91,765 

108,695 

97,222 

88,876 

81,098 

73,798 

74,511 

91,585 

110,018 



Tolls. 



$87,890 
118,375 
125,504 
173,.300 
168,577 
173,372 
198,326 
180,519 
184,310 
197,8;30 
197,171 
132,140 
138,554 
218,040 
264,657 
210,386 
156,607 
300,810 
302,958 
252,231 
215,720 
238,759 
149,635 
159,050 
165,874 
166,641 
144,831 
107,081 
113,293 
96,913 



Canal Opened. 



April 19 

" 20 

Mar. 22 

" 15 

" 29 

" 14 

" 15 

April 3 

" 8 

May 1 

April 1 

Mar. 16 

8 

4 

April 1 

Mar. 4 

" 10 

April 10 

" 11 

" 10 

4 

7 

7 

6 

1 

" 10 

Mar. 30 

April 15 

Mar. 25 

April 16 



Canal Closed. 



Nov. 29 
Dec. 6 

6 

8. 

8 
12 

2 
12 

4, 

Nov. 20 
Dec. 1 

3 

Nov. 26 
28 
Dec. 3 

1 

1 

Nov 15 
Oct. 31 
Nov. 15 
Oct. 31 
Nov. 15 
Oct. 8 
Nov. 25 
Dec. 1 
Nov. 20 
20 
28 

18 
Dec- 1 



No. of 
Days 
Open. 



224 
231 
259 
269 
255 
274 
263 
253 
241 
204 
244 
264 
264 
270 
247 
271 
265 
218 
203 
209 
210 
222 
184 
234 
244 
225 
236 
228 
239 
230 



RECEIPTS AND EXPENSES ON ILLINOIS RIVER 

IMPROVEMENT. 



Year. 


Lock and Dam at 
Henry. 


Lock and Dam at 
Copperas Creek. 




Receipts. 


Expenses. 


Receipts. 


Expenses. 


187^ . . .. - 


$8 484 
6,879 
8.509 
7,0.38 
4,403 
6,062 


$4148 
5,1.50 
4.871 
2,025 
2,388 
1.605 


$414 




1873 . . 




1874 . . 




1875.. 




1876 




1877 


$4.53 





sy.™?" 



■'!^Wm^^-^? :'■': 



33 



ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILRQAD. 

Statistics of Earnings and Tax. 

The following shows the amount of Gross Earnings of the Illinois Central Railroad since its comple 
tion to October 31, 1877, and the amount of Tax paid into the State Treasury in accordance with the 
provisions of its charter. 



Time Reported. 



From March 24, 1855, to October 31, 1855. 
For six months ending April 30, 1856 

October 31, 1856 . 

April 30, 1857.... 
" " October 31, 1857. 

April 30, 1858.... 

October 31, 1858. 

April 30,1859.... 

October 31, 1859. 
" " April 30, I860.... 

October 31, 1860. 
" '^ April 30, 1861.... 

" " October 31, 1861. 

" April 30, 1862 

V " October 31, 1862.. 
" " April 30, 1863 

October 31, 1863.. 

April 30, 1864 

" " October 31, 1864.. 

" " April 30, 1865 

" " October 31, 1865.. 

" " April 30, 1866 

" October 31, 1866.. 

April 30, 1867 

" " October 31, 1867.. 
" " April 30, 1868 

October 31, 1868.. 

April 30, 1869 

" October 31, 1869.. 

" " April 30, 1870 

" " October 31, 1870.. 

" " April 30, 1871 

" October 31, 1871.. 

April 30, 1872 

October 31, 1872.. 

April .30, 1873 

October 31, 1873.. 
" April 30, 1874 

October 31, 1874.. 

April 30, 1875 

Octobers!, 1875.. 

April 30, 1876 

October 31, 1876.. 

April 30, 1877..... 

October 31, 1877.. 



Gross Earnings. 



$595,633 
630,580 
922,053 
935,-386 
1,234,986 
860,796 
1,024,996 
a30,538 
1,056,668 
1,151,608 
1,384,923 
1,213,348 
1,318,906 
1,063,790 
1,967,275 
1,809,068 
2,482,282 
2,429,358 
3,3a3,699 
3,436,483 
3,656,228 
2,935.738 
3,165,343 
2,959,566 
3,383,400 
2,780,043 
3,339,921 
2,999,196 
3,642,708 
.3,068,850 
3,568,070 
3,026,072 
3,595,540 
3,158,597 
3,167,924 
2,932,653 
3,189,832 
2,535,046 
3,098,760 
2,575,133 
2,792.952 
2,519,443 
2,566,351 
1,996,359 
2,522,953 



86 
02 
30 
69 
00 
56 
78 
42 
35 
00 
67 
00 
47 
61 
18 
97 
12 
23 
48 
38 
56 
55 
63 
99 
57 
05 
01 
41 
06 
81 
85 
73 
32 
62 
29 
13 
63 
43 
13 
82 
20 
07 
07 
60 



Per cent, 
of Tax. 



iand 7 

7 



Amount Paid 

into the 

State Treasury. 



Total paid to the State . 



$29,751 59 

31,529 00 

46,102 66 

59,196 82 

86,449 02 

60,255 76 

71,749 77 

58,137 68 

73,966 78 

80,612 56 

%,944 66 

84,934 .36 

92,323 45 

74,465 34 

137,709 26 

126,634 83 

173,759 75 

170,055 08 

235,458 % 

240,553 84 

255,936 00 

205,501 70 

221,574 05 

207,169 70 

236,838 04 

194,603 01 

233,794 47 

209,943 75 

254,^9 56 

214,819 56 

249,764 96 

211,825 09 

251,687 82 

221,101 &3 

221,754 71 

205,285 72 

223,288 28 

177,453 25 

216,913 21 

180,259 37 

195,506 65 

176,361 01 

179,644 57 

139,745 17 

176,606 77 



$7,292,999 42 



34 



REPORT OF THE U.S. AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT 

Of the Product of the Principal Grains in 1876. 



STA.TKS. 



Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts .. 
Rhode Island... 

Connecticut 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania... 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

North Carolina . 
South Carolina . 

Georgia 

Florida 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

Louisiana 

Texas 

Arkansas 

Tennessee 

West Virginia .. 

Kentucky 

Ohio 

Michigan 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Wisconsin 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

Kansas 

Nebraska 

California 

Oregon 

Nevada 

The Territories . 

Total 1876. 
" 1875. 
" 1874. 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



•296.000 

192,000 

421.000 

17,500 

"'"35',o6o 

9,750,000 

2,176,000 

18,740,000 

920.000 
6,000,000 
7,875,000 
3,000,000 

850.000 
2,840.000 

"iVmooo 

325,000 

'4,750.660 

1,400.000 

11,260.000 

3,377.000 

8.237,000 

21.750,000 

15.170.000 

20,000.000 

23,440.000 

16,800,000 

16,000,000 

17.600,000 

15,240.000 

16,510.000 

4,330,000 

30.000 000 

4,675.000 

390.000 

3.850,000 



289,356.500 
292,136.000 
308,102.700 



Com, 

bushels. 



1,400,000 

2,029,000 

1,892,000 

1,150,000 
290,000 

1,850,000 
21,000,000 

9.400.000 
42.250.000 

3,850.000 
13 780,000 
20,600,000 
23,000.000 

9.700.000 
23,620.000 

2,500.000 
26,215,000 
20,000.000 
12,000,000 
48,000,000 
21.500.000 
54.500.000 
10.605.000 
63,300,000 
115,000.000 
21.350,000 
99,000,000 
223.000,000 
27,000.000 

7,400.000 

142.500.000 

102.500,000 

82,a36,000 

25,500.000 

1,600,000 

120.000 

15,500 

1,575.000 



1.283.827.500 

1.321.069,000 

850,148,500 



Oats, 

bushels. 



2,352,000 
1,222,000 
4.514,000 

490,000 

90,000 

1,050,000 

40,025,000 

4,150,000 

33,150,000 

375,000 
4,450,000 
7,650,000 
3,530,000 
1.100,000 
5,700,000 

132.000 
1,800.000 

780,000 

"3,6'50,666 

925,000 

5,400.000 

2.800.000 

6.850.000 

24.500,000 

11.500,000 

13.270.000 

48,000,000 

21.700.000 

12,000,000 

21,250.000 

13,150.000 

12.389.000 

3.500.OOO 

2.450.000 

2.750,000 

90,000 

2.150,000 



320.884.000 
354.317,500 
240,369,000 



Rye, 
bushels. 



33.600 

47,000 

80,000 

290,500 

18,500 

360,000 

2,760,000 

520,000 

3 240,000 

12,000 

315,000 

475.000 

360,000 

44,000 



56,000 

50,000 

355.000 

300.000 

1,150,000 

460,000 

252.000 

520.000 

2.580,000 

1,330,000 

111.000 

a50,000 

680.000 

3,450 000 

92,000 

78,000 

5,200 



Barley, 
bushels. 



663,000 

108 000 

121.000 

55,000 

9,000 

27 500 

6,600,000 

"56b"666 



80,000 

"80,666 

52,000 

275,000 

800,000 

955 000 

400.000 

2,200,000 

1,800.000 

1.520.000 

5,800 000 

435,000 

1,960,000 

470,000 

11.800,000 

540,000 

550,000 

850,000 



20 374.800 
17,722.100 
14,990,900 



38,710.500 
36,908.600 
32,552,500 



W^nyimE^B^^gps^Tr;!^'- 



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36 



PUBLIC DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES. 

(Official.) 

The following Statement exhibits the amount of the Debt of the United States Government in each 
year since 1790: 



1791 
1792 
1793 
1794 
1795 
1796 
1797 
1798 
1799 
1800 
1801 
1802 
1803 
1804 
1805 
1806 
1807 
1808 
1809 
1810 
1811 
1812 
1813 
1814 
1815 
1816 
1817 
1818 
1819 
1820 
1821 
1822 
1823 
1824 
1825 
1826 
1827 
1828 
1829 
1830 
1831 
1832 
1833 
1&34 



January 1 . 



$75,463,476 
77,227,924 
80,352,634 
78,42r,404 
80,747,587 
83,762,172 
82,064,479 
79,228,529 
78,408,669 
82,976,294 
a3,0;38,050 
80.712,6:32 
77,054,686 
86,427,120 
82,312,150 
75,723,270 
69,218,.398 
65,196,317 
57,023,192 
53,173,217 
48,005,587 
45,209,737 
55,962,827 
81,487,846 
99,8;i3,660 
127,»34,9.33 
123,491,965 
103,466,a33 
95,.529,648 
91,015,566 
89,987,427 
93,.546,676 
90,875,877 
90,269,777 
&3,788,432 
81,054,059 
73,987,357 
67,475,043 
58,421,413 
48,565,406 
39,123,191 
24,322,2.35 
7,001,032 
4,760,081 



52 
66 
04 
77 
38 
07 
SS 
12 
77 
35 
80 
25 
30 
88 
50 
66 
64 
97 
09 
52 
76 
90 
57 
24 
15 
74 
16 

as 

28 
15 
66 
98 
27 
77 
71 
99 
20 
87 
67 
50 
68 
18 
88 
08 



1835 
1836 
1837 
18:38 
18:39 
1840 
1841 
1842 
1843 
1844 
1845 
1846 
1847 
1848 
1849 
1850 
1851 
1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
18.56 

ia57 

18.58 
18.59 
1860 
1861 
1862 

isas 

1864 
18a5 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1872 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 
1878 



January 1. 



July 1 



December 1. 



November 30 . 
December 20.. 
Julyl 



November 17. 

15. 

Julyl 



January 1. 



$351,289 05 

291,089 05 

1,878,223 55 

4,857,660 46 

11,983,7.37 53 

5,125,077 63 

6,737,398 00 

15,028,486 37 

27,203,450 69 

24,748,188 23 

17,093,-794 80 

16,750,926 33 

38,956.623 38 

48,526,379 37 

64,704,693 71 

64,228,238 37 

62,560,395 26 

65,131,692 13 

67,340,628 78 

47,242,206 05 

39,969,731 05 

30,963,909 64 

29,060,386 90 

44,910,777 66 

58,7.>4,699 .33 

64,769,703 08 

90,867,828 68 

514,211,371 92 

1,098,793,181 37 

1,740,690,489 49 

2,682,593,026 53 

2,7a3,425,879 21 

2,692,199,215 12 

2,6:36,.320,964 67 

2,489,002,480 58 

2,386,358,599 74 

2,.3.32,067,793 75 

2,343,a38,411 14 

2,162,252,a38 12 

2,159,315,326 17 

2,142,598.302 02 

2,119,832,195 27 

2,092,921,241 81 

2,045,955.442 79 



In the last ten amounts the cash in the Treasury is deducted from the aggregate debt, and bonds issued 
in aid of the Pacific Railroads are not included; these amounted, on the first day of January, 1878, to 
$93,513,656 88 including interest paid by the United States. 



37 



DETAILED STATEMENT 

Of the Public Debt of the United States on the Slst of December, 1877. 



Bebt Bearing Interest Payable in Coin. 

Five per cent. Bonds issued under Acts of Congress prior to 1861 

Six per cent. Bonds Itnown as Bonds of 1881 

Six percent. Consols authorized March 13, 1865, payable 1885-7-8 

Five per cent. Bonds known as 10-40 Bonds 

Five per cent. Bonds (Funded Loan) payable afterMay 1, 1881 

Four and a half percent. Bonds (Funded Loan) payable after Sept.i,1891 
Four per cent. Bonds (Funded Loan) payable after July 1, 1907.. 

Debt Bearing Interest Payable in Lawful Money. 

Three per cent. Navy Pension Fund 

Debt past due upon which interest has ceased since maturity 



$260,000 00 
2&3,681,350 00 
464.985.850 00 
194.566,300 00 
508.440,.350 00 
200.000.000 00 
74,900,000 00 



Bebt Bearing no Interest. 



Old Demand Notes 

Legal Tender Notes , 

Fractional Currency. 

Certificates of Deposit payable in Currency , 

Certificates of Deposit payable in Coin 

Accrued Interest 



163,5.32 50 
349,943,776 00 
17,764.108 90 
32,&30,000 00 
33,424,900 00 
37,430.285 28 



Total Debt , 



Funds in the Treasury. 

Coin belonging to the United States $106,093,505 30 

Coin belonging to Depositors on Certificates 33.424,900 00 



Total Coin-... $139,518,405 30 

Currency held for redemption of Certificates of Deposit as required 

bylaw. 32,830,000 00 

currency held for redemption of Fractional Currency 10 000 000 00 

Other Currency _.!. 5,498,844 85 



Total Debt, less Funds in the Treasury... 
Corresponding Statement of December 31, 1876. 



Reduction 
Reduction 
Reduction 
Reduction 
Reduction 
Reduction 
Reduction 



of Debt in 1877 . 
of Debt in 1876 . 
of Debt in 1875 . 
of Debt in 1874 . 
of Debt in 1873 . 
of Debt in 1872 . 
of Debt in 1871 . 



Total Reduction of Debt in seven years. 



Bonds issued in aid of Railroads not included in the above State- 
ment, interest on which is payable in Lawful Money. For these 
Bonds the Government holds a lien upon the various lines, 
issued to Union Pacific Railroad «272.^'il2nn 

issn^rtt^^'''*''^^l^^?f'=^^?,'™^f ::::::::::::::::: *25;885;i2o oo 



Issued to Western Pacific Railroad 1970 560 00 

issued to Central Branch Union Pacific Railroad iWoOO 00 

Issued to Sioux City and Pacific Railroad " " " " i'628"320 00 



Balance of Interest paid by the United States «26 951 439 52 

Interest accrued and not yet due .—....".'.'."".' USSJOS 36 



Total Principal and Interest, 
corresponding Statement December 31, 1876 .'. 

Increase of Interest Balance during 1877. 



Amount 
Outstanding. 



$l,726,a33,850 00 

14,000,000 00 
21,512,240 26 



$471,456,602 68 



$2,233,802,692 94 



$187,847,250 15 

$2,045,955,442 79 
2,092,921,241 81 

$46,965,799 02 
26,910.953 46 
22,766,106 75 
16,717,024 15 
2,937.011 95 
81.586.073 02 
88,229,382 61 

$286,112,350 96 



$64,623,512 00 



$28,890,144 88 



$93,513,656 88 
91,637,928 32 



$1,875,728 56 



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39 



PRODUCT OF GOLD AND SILVER IN THE UNITED 

STATES. 

The following Statement, condensed from the Reports of Mr. J. J. Valentine, Superintendent of 
Wells, Fargo & Go's Express, whose calculations on this subject are generally accepted as substantially 
correct, shows approximately the production of Gold and Silver of the States and Territories west of the 
Missouri River during the year 1877. 



States and Tebritoribs. 



Gold Dust 

and 

Bullion. 



California ] $15,237,729 



Nevada . 

Oregon 

Washington . 

Idaho 

Montana 

Utah 

Colorado 

New Mexico . 

Arizona 

Dakota 



Total 



462,666 

1,191,997 

91,226 

1,311,701 

2,028,635 

100,219 

3,151,277 

81,680 

122,867 
1,500.000 



Silver 
Bullion. 



$1,202,751 
44,320,044 



202,295 
436.277 
1,4.39,961 
3,197,861 
273,849 
506,540 



$25,280,997 $51,579,573 



Ores 

and 

Base Bullion. 



$1,734,236 
6,797,580 



318,499 

180,000 

6,573,575 

1,564,411 

23,490 

1,759,206 



$18,930,997 



Total. 



$18,174,716 

51,580,290 

1,191,997 

92,226 

1,832,495 

2,644,912 

8.113.755 

7,913,549 

379,019 

2,388,613 

1,500,000 



$95,811,5r3 



PRODUCTION OF PREVIOUS YEARS. 

After making due estimate for the lead and gold in the Silver Bullion and in the ores shipped as 
such, Mr. "Valentine gives the following as the net product of Gtold and Silver in the above States and 
Territories for the past eight years. 



Years. 


Gold. 


Silver. 


1870 


$33,750,000 
34,398,000 
38,109,395 
39,206,558 


$17,320,000 
19,280,000 
19,924,429 
27,4&3,302 


1871 


1872 


1873 





Years. 



1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 



Gold. 



$39,466,486 
39,968,194 
42,886,935 
44,880,223 



Silver. 



$29,699,183 
31,635.239 
39.292,924 
45,846,103 



ACCUMULATION OF COIN FOR SPECIE RESUMPTION. 

The following Statement exhibits the preparation in progress by the United States Treasury during 
1877 for the resumption of specie payments on January 1, 1879. 



Coin in the Treasury Jan. 1, 1877. . . 

Less demand obligations due — 
Coin Certificates ...$47,280,000 00 

Called Bonds 11,021,900 00 

Other Coin Liabil's 8,598,729 09 



Bal. belonging to the Government. 
Accumulation during 1877 



$96,517,418 36 



66,900,629 09 



$29,616,789 27 
49,824,069 08 



$79,440,858 35 



Coin in the Treasury Jan. 1, 1878... 

Less demand obligations due — 
Coin Certificates... $33,424,900 001 

Called Bonds 20,745,300 00 

Other Coin Liabil's 5,907,346 95 



Bal. belonging to the Government. 



$139,518,405 30 



60,077,546 ^ 



79,440,858 35 



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43 



EXPORTS OF BREADSTUFFS TO EUROPE SINCE 1846. 

The following Statement exhibits the Total Exports of Flour, Wheat, Corn 
and Rye from the United States to Europe, annually, since 18JS {calculu- 
tions being made for the years ending August 31 to 1869, and since for the 
years ending June 30.) 

(Official figures of U. S. Bureau of Statistics.) 



Years ending 
Aug. 31 to 
1869. Tliat 
and later 
years end- 
ing June 30. 



1847- 
1848- - 
1849.. 
1850.. 
1851.. 
1852.. 
1853.. 
1854.. 
1855.. 
1856.. 
1857.. 
1858-. 
1859.. 
I860.. 
1861. 
1862. 
1863. 
1864. 
1865- 
1866- 
1867- 
1868- 
1869. 
1870- 
1871- 
1872. 
1873. 
1874. 
1875. 
1876. 
1877- 



Flour, Barbels. 



To 

Gr't Britain 

and 

Ireland. 



To 
Conti- 
nental 
Europe. 



3,155,845 

182,583 

1,137,556 

574,757 

1,559,584 

1,427,442 

1,600,449 

1,846,920 

175,209 

1,641,265 

849,600 

1,295,430 

106,457 

717,156 

2,561,661 

2,672,515 

1,479,413 

1.241,804. 

170,109 

147,568 

179,990 

529,494 

407,082 

1,188,951 

1,227,624 

328,544 

531,801 

1,720,065 

1,231,324 

1,335,185 

5,167,634 



7,763 

748,408 

483,344 

303,100 

51,388 

49,243 

142,129 

626,672 

213,579 

100,511 

23,261 

4,285 

4,294 

78,975 

38,973 

57,052 

136,638 

15,315 

13,115 

129,682 

31,718 

51,581 

196,867 



Wheat, Bushels. 



To 

Gr't Britain 

and 

Ireland. 



4,000,359 

241,.300 
1,140,194 

461,276 
1,496,355 
2,728,442 
4,823,519 
6,038,003 

324,427 
7,956,406 
7,479,401 
6,555,643 

439,010 

4,738,714 

25,553,390 

25,754,709 

23,167,190 

16,492,523 

2,989,740 

1,521,210 

6,014,271 

12,992,609 

13,356,550 

27,787,609 

22,488,021 

19,017,411 

31,790,876 

51,833,278 

42,057,004 

42,256,652 

36,577,834 



To 
Conti- 
nental 
Europe. 



Corn, Bushels. 



Rte, Bushels. 



To 

Gr't Britain 

and 

Ireland. 



4,972 

2,610,079 

2,865,653 

290,428 

57,845 

178,031 

3,452,496 

7,617,472 

2,343,314 

3.33,819 

112,315 

68,111 

79,417 

378,452 

229,920 

2,069,329 

2,430,762 

3,667,327 

986,673 

10,333,726 

4,187,296 

7,254,646 

5.482,238 



17,757,659 

4,390,226 

12,685,260 

4,753,358 

2,205,601 

1,487,398 

1,425,278 

6,049,371 

6,679,138 

6,731,161 

4,746,278 

3,317,802 

342,013 

2,221,857 

11,705,034 

14,084,168 

10,334,356 

717,434 

1,293,404 

13,908,358 

10,410,208 

9,121,449 

4,257,590 

40,900 

5,905,445 

25,779.331 

29,334,758 

26,299.323 

23,387,367 

42,452,240 

3.3.111,858 



To 
Conti- 
nental 
Europe. 



308,428 

282,083 

543,590 

16,848 

25,519 

19,358 

101,145 

322,074 

68,957 

13,369 

11,485 

41,803 

10,360 

72,104 

174,372 

42,807 

191,399 

973,679 

646,181 

1.659,437 

1,. 570,166 

1.906,614 

3,185,432 



To 

Gr't Britain 

and 

Ireland. 



To 
Conti- 
nental 
Europe. 



793,243 
312 

""3V,733 



35,569 

1,975,178 

216,162 

i3,ioe 



347,258 

1,612,926 

435,205 

13,965 

97,529 

245,651 

160,086 

544,916 



756,842 
498,207 
728,467 
198,092 
510,856 
1,709,930 



The Total Exports to all Foreign Countries, of Flour, Wheat, Corn, Oats, 
Rye and Barley, as reported officially at Washington, for the last five 
years ertding June 30, loere as follows : 



Articles. 



Flour, barrels... 
Wheat, bushels. 
Corn, bushels. .. 

Oats 

Rye, bushels 

Barley 



1877. 



3,351,254 
40,325,611 
70,860,983 
2.854,128 
2,189,322 
1,186,129 



1876. 



3,935,512 

55,073,122 

49,493,572 

1,466,288 

543,841 

317,781 



1875. 



3,973,128 

53,047,177 

28,858,420 

504,770 

207,100 

91,118 



1874. 



4,153,914 

71.039,928 

34,434,606 

812.873 

1,564,484 

320,399 



1873. 



2,562,086 

39,204,285 

38,541,930 

714,072 

562,021 

482,410 



■ ■■W'-.-?^^' 



44 



DOMESTIC EXPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

The following Statement shows the Exports of the principal art;icles, the growth and product of the 
United States, to Foreign Countries during the past three j-ears, each ending June 30. 



AbTICIiKS. 



CRUDE OB PARTIALLY MAKUPACTURED. 



Animals, living 

Bark, tanners' 

Breadstuflfs, not including rice- 
Coal. 



Cotton, raw , 

Fruits, green, dried and preserved , 

Gin seng 

Hav 



lay. 
[ide 



Hides, skins, furs and hair. 
Hops 

Ice . 



Manures _ 

Naval stores, rosin, crude turpentine, tar, etc. 

Oils — Mineral, crude and refined 

Animal, including whale 

Vegetable and essential 

Oil-cake 

Provisions — Meats 

Lard 

Butter and cheese 

Fish 

Vegetabl es 

Condensed milk and eggs 

Quicksilver 

Kice. 



Seeds 

Tallow 

Tobacco, leaf. 

Wood, timber, lumber, shingles, staves, etc.. 

Wool, unmanufactured..- 

Other raw or partially manufactured articles. 

Totals 



MANUFACTURES. 

Agricultural implements 

Books and other publications, paper, etc 

Brass, and manufactures of 

Cars, carriages and other vehicles, and parts of . 

Clocks, and parts of 

Clothing •. 

Cordage, rope, etc 

Copper and manufactures 

Cotton manufactures 

Drugs, dye-stuffs, chemicals and medicines 

Fancy goods, perfumery, etc 

Firearms 

Glass and glassware 

Hemp manufactures 

Hats and caps 

Iron and steel, and manufactures of 

Jewelry, plated ware and watches 

Leather, and manufactures of, including trunks. 



Forward $48,546,804 



Mixed Values 




1877. 


1876. 


1875. 


$3,325,203 


$2,436,287 


$2,672,505 


67,176 


223.276 


193.938 


117,806,476 


131.181,555 


111,458.265 


2,916,062 


2,720,145 


2,620,569 


171,118,508 


192,659,262 


190.a38,625 


2.937,030 


827,278 


1.634,003 


562.268 


646,954 


65S.926 


116,936 


134,017 


110,225 


6,607.716 


7,615,565 


9.555,747 


2,305,356 


1,384,.521 


1,286,501 


214.084 


176,561 


208.249 


1,118.132 


922,221 


616,376 


2,544,788 


2,353 270 


2,901,626 


61,789,438 


32.915,786 


30,078,568 


1,62:3.301 


1,975,972 


1,420,324 


1,287,512 


418.175 


464.905 


4,818.145 


5,774.585 


5.138.300 


67.288.758 


49,592,8:M 


39.217,176 


29.-562,665 


22,429,485 


22.900.522 


17,125,243 


13.379.579 


15,166,599 


4,139,706 


3,715.184 


3.165,065 


743,147 


6:37,816 


761.731 


1.32,230 


126,849 


132.308 


1,767,266 


1,740.293 


1,075,796 


78.112 


■30,918 


19,831 


3,533,755 


1,418.612 


1,291,015 


7,8&3.616 


6,734,378 


5,692,203 


28.825.520 


22.737,383 


25.241,549 


14,785,836 


13,463,422 


13,686,715 


26.446 


13845 


62,754 


1,693,680 


1,753,892 


2,925,564 


$5.54,744,111 


$522,139,920 


$492,996,479 


Sl,815.873 


$2,256,449 


$2,625.-372 


1,572.563 


1,307,351 


1,320,351 


340 ia3 


270.915 


1,017,293 


1,405,015 


1,147.9&3 


1,181,436 


1,025,586 


967.591 


1,222.914 


.509,028 


579,595 


509,102 


323,888 


271.090 


391,165 


2,913,943 


3,441,939 


1,085,688 


10,235,843 


7,722,978 


4,071,882 


2,608,166 


3,340,988 


2,925,322 


614,094 


672,755 


673,557 


5,259,813 


3,667,050 


5,502,320 


658,061 


628,121 


691,310 


871,375 


884,051 


877,505 


305,870 


247,355 


264,476 


9,428,992 


9.962.249 


12,049,402 


360,128 


236.909 


301.964 


8,298,3a3 


10,142,576 


7,438,192 


$48,546,804 


$47,747,925 


$44,149,251 



45 
DOMESTIC EXPOKTS OF THE UNITED STATES— CoNxmuED. 



Articles. 



Forward 

Musical instruments 

Ordnance stores 

Paintings and engravings 

Sewing machines - 

Soap and starch 

Spirits, wine and beer 

Spirits of turpentine - 

Sugar and molasses 

Tooacco, manufactured 

Vessels sold to foreigners - 

Wood, manufactured, including furniture. 

Wool, manufactures of 

All other manufactured articles 



Totals . 



REStTMB. 



Crude and unmanufactured articles . 
Manufactured articles 



Total exports domestic produce, mixed values . 



Mixed Values. 



1877. 



$48,546,804 

921,679 
4.747,899 

1%,513 
1,652,487 
1,093,234 

912,311 
2,274,639 
5,181,245 
3,194,693 

195,802 
3,658,201 

291.837 
5.368,625 



$78,235,969 



$554,744,111 
78,235,%9 



$632,980,080 



1876. 



$47,747,925 

815,933 
1,162,889 

296,631 
1,700,798 
1,209,695 

627,838 
1,672,068 
6,713,526 
2,833.155 

265,484 
3.882,853 

336.389 
3.562.611 



$72,777,795 



$522,139,920 

72,777,795 



$594,917,715 



1875. 



$44,149,251 

628,987 

860.107 

230.168 

1,797.929 

1,136,173 

425,866 

1,924,544 

3,752,488 

2,602.921 

384.432 

4,053,370 

154,401 

4.140,522 



$66,241,159 



$492,996,479 
66.241,159 



$559,237,638 



GENEEAL RECAPITULATION OF IMPORTS AND EXPORTS. 



Exports domestic produce, not including coin and bullion 
reduced to gold value - - 

Exports domestic coin and bullion: 

Gold coin and bullion 

Silver coin and bullion 

Grand total domestic exports, coin value 

Grand total net imports, coin value 

Balances in favor of the United States 

Cora AND Bullion Movement. 

Exports domestic coin and bullion 

Exports foreign coin and bullion 

Total exports 

Imports foreign coin and bullion 

Excess of exports 



1877. 



$589,669,224 

22,359.101 
20,776,637 



$632,804,962 
466,265,045 



$166,539,917 



$43,135,738 
13,027,499 



$56,162,237 
40,774,414 



$15,387,823 



. 1876. 



$525,582,247 

29,431,757 
20,606,934 



$575,620,938 
455,407,836 



$120,213,102 



$50,038,691 
6,467.611 



1875. 



$499,284,100 

61.543.545 
22,313,584 



$583,141,229 
531.472,529 



$56,506,302 
15,936.681 



$40 569,621 



$51,668,700 



$83,857,129 
8.275,013 



$92,132,142 
20,900,717 



$71,231,425 



46 



NET IMPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

The following Statement shows the Net Imports (exports of foreign goods deducted from aggregate 
imports) of the United States; and, in connection with the statement of Domestic Exports, shows 
approximately the general improvement in the condition of the balance sheet of the country with 
foreign nations for the past three years, each ending June 30. 



Articles. 



CRUDE OR PARTIALLY MANUFACTURED. 



Animals, living. 
Barks 



rice 



Breadstuflfs, not including i 

Coal 

Coffee - 

Cotton, raw 

Dye-stuffs, gums, bleaching powders, etc. 
Fish 



Flax, raw 

Fruits, including nuts 

Guano 

Gypsum, unground 

Hemp, raw 

Hides, skins, undressed furs, hair, etc 

Household and personal effects of immigrants 

India-rubber and gutta percha, crude 

Jute and other grasses, raw 

Marble, stone, slate, etc 

Paper materials 

Provisions, meats, butter, cheese, vegetables, etc. 
Rice - 



Salt 

Seeds, flax and other. 
Silk, raw 

Spices. 



Sulphur, crude 

Tea 

Tin in bars, blocks and pigs 

Tobacco, Leaf. , 

Timber, sawed and hewed, boards, shingles, etc 

Wool, unmanufactured 

Zinc in blocks and sheets , 

Articles exported from the United States and returned . 
All other crude or partially manufactured articles , 



Totals. 



MANUFACTURES. 



Ale, beer and porter 

Books, pamphlets, engravings, etc. 

Chemicals, medicines, etc 

Clothing 

Copper, and manufactures of 

Cordage 

Cotton manufactures 

Earthen, stone and china ware 

Fancy goods, perfumery, etc 

Flax manufactures 

Furs 



$733,454 

1,870,153 

9,335,925 

1,175,535 

316,851 

49,315 

18,224,164 

3,691,451 

6,-361,534 

11,387,300 

2,348,380 

3,922,424 

535 255 

2,336,762 

216,745 

69,292 

320,271 

Forward $62,894,811 



Glass and glassware 

Gold and silver manufactures, jewelry, etc. .. 

Gunny cloth, and manufactures of 

Hair manufactures 

Hemp manufactures 

India-rubber and gutta percha manufactures . 



Coin Values. 



1877. 



$1,625,495 

2,844,756 

5,990,536 

1,772,813 

52.067,933 

364,439 

12 5&1,528 

2,253,620 

1,243,064 

8,997,544 

796,200 

105,6.35 
1,651,723 
16,840,299 
1,152,677 
5,476,042 
2,254,308 

856,658 
3,916,799 
2,913.341 
1,070,532 
1,650,628 
2,747,668 
6,583.228 
1,276,515 
1,242,788 
15,504,901 
1,790,804 
3,631,274 
4,281,858 
6,684,425 

141,820 
2,780,544 
6,641,860 



$181,737,255 



1876. 



$1,715,264 
2,071,019 
9.080,860 
1,606,416 

55,163,065 
344,401 

11,445,226 
2,520,238 
1,059,022 

11,758,462 

704,818 

126,587 

2,050,628 

15,185,194 
1,225,587 
3,847,618 
2,259,779 
1,203,425 
3 854,046 
1,597,404 
1,286,994 
1,765,452 
4,737,447 
5,405,608 
1,809.005 
1,473,678 

18,649,592 
1,796,;301 
3,481,553 
4,954,077 
7,929,139 
326,422 
2,007,834 
6,561,821 



$191,003,982 



$1,141,460 

2,428,490 

8,514,915 

1,598,719 

365,058 

63,785 

21,816,986 

4,292.046 

6,965,816 

14,340,607 

2,881,-329 

4,785,472 

586,599 

1,520,801 

348,021 

79,837 

424,636 



$72,154,577 



1875. 



$2,062,542 
1,449,884 
7,940,348 
1,798,587 

49,311,334 
321,548 

10,965.128 
2,802,395 
1,105,870 

12,258,288 

525,667 

115,664 

2,954,279 

20,541,768 
864,919 
4,346,251 
1,237,612 
1,332,267 
4,770,230 
1,308,586 
1,204,803 
1,790,008 
6,986,397 
4,471,396 
2,069,496 
1,255,100 

21,959.518 
2,326,305 
3,435,733 
6,390,873 

10,379,438 

553,353 

2.826,398 

6,892,817 



$200,554,801 



$1,708,261 

2,616,291 

10,898,181 

1,670,397 

423,869 

25,551 

26,741,214 

4,248,063 

8,304,997 

16,410,853 

2,987,865 

5,790,866 

666.177 

2,561,180 

879,419 

105,582 

512,513 



$86,551,279 



W^^^^'?.-. -.- ■ 



47 
NET IMPORTS OF THE UNITED STATES — Continued. 



Abticles. 



Coin Values. 



1877. 



Forward - 

Iron and steel . and manufactures of 

Lead, and manufactures of 

Leather, and manufactures of.. ---- -- 

Metals, metal compositions and manufactures or 
Musical instruments - 

Oils --- 

Opium, and extract of 

pftints ___--------------- ------------ -------- ---- 

Paintings, photographs, lithographs, etc 

Paper, and manufactures of 

Precious stones - - - 

Silk manufactures - 

Spirits and wines.. 

Straw and palm leaf, manufacturers of • 

Sugar and Molasses ; 

Tin plates and manufactures of tm 

Tobacco manufactures .-- 

Watches, watch movements and materials 

Wood manufactures, furniture, etc 

Wool manufactures 

All other articles of manufacture 

Totals • 



Resumb. 

Net imports of unmanufactured articles 

Net imports of manufactured articles 

Total net imports of goods 

Net imports of coin and bullion: 

Gold coin and bullion 

Silver coin and bullion 

Grand totals of net imports, coin values 



$62,894,811 

9.266 025 

716,880 

8,117,655 

1,059,749 

559,926 

1.699,829 

1,524,536 

922,508 

711,405 

1,079,921 

2,062,974 

21,630.566 

5,653,043 

1.617.550 

92:533.539 

9,742,589 

1,888,608 

T71.404 

725,503 

25,328,169 

6,273,685 



$256,780,875 



$181,737,255 
256.780,875 



$438,518,130 

22,014,%! 
5,731,954 



1876. 



$466,265,045 



$72,154,577 

12,171,706 

597,615 

8,208,150 

1,020,423 

765.374 

1,508.387 

1,340,303 

1,019,702 

1,543,206 

1,264.933 

2,400,583 

23,487,418 

6.425,207 

1.781,546 

65,379,704 

10,061,116 

2,248,717 

1,453,668 

1.085.849 

32,607,152 

6.409.448 



$254,934,784 



$191,003,982 
254,934,784 

$445,938-766 

6,247,416 
3,221,654 

$455,407,836 



1875. 



$86,551,279 

17,438,646 

1,436,050 

10,166,909 

1,146,567 

780,779 

1,906,949 

1,098,240 

1,214,735 

1,104.540 

1,331,960 

3.214,362 

24.107,665 

7,585,964 

2.255.211 

84.333,173 

12,997,504 

2,867,330 

2,282.775 

1,024,667 

44,216,371 

9,230,357 



$318,292,024 



$200 554,801 
318,292,024 



$518,846,825 

8,259,361 
4,366,343 



$531,472,529 



48 



EXPORTS OF BREADSTUFFS TO EUROPE IN 1877. 

statement showing the Weekly Exports of Flour, Wheat and Com from the principal Atlantic Ports 
to Europe during the year 1877. Not oiBcial, but believed to be substantially correct. During the year 
there was exported to Europe from the same ports, 380,323 bushels of oats and 2,526,230 bushels of rye. 
In the totals for 1873 and 1874 Portland and New Orleans are not included. 



Week Ending 


From New York. 


From Boston, Baltimore, Phila- 
delphia, Portland, New Ob- 
leans AND Montreal. 


Flour, 
barrels. 


Wheat, 
bushels. 


Corn, 
bushels. 


Flour, 
barrels. 


Wheat, 
bushels. 


Com, 
bushels. 


January . 


3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

6 
13 
20 
27 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

5 
12 
19 
26 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 


5.528 
3,491 

15,213 
5,488 
8,278 
7.662 

10.263 

2,727 

6,139 

14 

4,560 

218 

463 

2,324 

1,171 

1,230 

7,119 

"'" 3^824 

605 

1,999 

6 

1,888 

7,995 

2.603 

1,870 

1,750 

2,227 

5,490 

3,658 

8,347 

6,909 

7,124 

11,090 

13,563 

8.556 

22,550 

18.378 

19,526 

21,579 

18,313 

14.745 

19,984 

19,509 

22,43:3 

23,754 

16,249 

15,922 

33,753 

30,406 

48,365 

29,209 


166,841 

316.889 

.327,007 

236,457 

89.415 

99.5U9 

37,786 

29,620 

147,392 

62,055 

43,218 

93,313 

73,769 

117,364 

216,923 

252,641 

230,708 

281,117 

198,236 

177.556 

91,643 

107,481 

188.264 

3•^9,587 

87,968 

195,824 

161,034 

204,355 

109,899 

114,640 

143,682 

153,.351 

163,348 

307,878 

383 604 

608,690 

533,291 

788,016 

717,941 

1,326,918 

863,760 

886,700 

1,403,018 

2,350,613 

1,059,669 

1,089,032 

861,456 

374,931 

692,:354 

581,950 

583,414 

435,378 


95,503 
1:30,887 
351,419 
191,496 
396,875 
414,115 
277,503 
281,111 
473.510 
339,656 
388,406 
487,404 
342.558 
3.39.327 
469,426 
317,265 
379.833 
456,252 
660,662 
224.032 
237.049 
615,397 
624,369 
778,342 
288,841 
347,523 
361,812 
625,507 
691,439 
690,495 
739,884 
910,820 
514,882 
887,252 
636.515 
583.931 
654,417 
533,979 
585,679 
819.908 
6.38,060 
336,698 
223,059 
188,082 
324.383 
881,484 
860,111 
763,607 
938,984 
947,785 
342,368 
327,619 


200 

6,748 

5,703 

4,653 

1,100 

2,697 

710 

605 

415 

438 

160 

1,131 
3 

"560 
2,901 
920 
1,381 
1,153 
1.831 

i 

700 

390 

808 

1,876 

1,236 

4,128 

12.063 

10,765 

4,243 

13,975 

10,880 

20,181 

25,177 

16,733 

15,822 

10,745 

10,806 

8,477 

4,474 

13,956 

7,481 

25,842 


75,183 

42,000 

7,750 

6,850 

71,599 

56,046 

72,863 

19,000 

64,680 

32,125 

6,760 

15,730 

15,777 

""10,666 

'""4",034 

18,500 

60,470 

11,626 

194,724 

101,494 

149,007 

98,467 

"102", 625 
122,701 
208.002 
230,804 
421,676 
452,454 
790,201 
705,407 
800,838 
929,174 

1,035,328 
930,012 

1,142,233 
905,635 
869.438 

1,297,619 
522,572 
396.672 
298,027 
222,055 
242,697 
201,236 
401,949 


515,164 




512,338 




434,416 




588,104 




430,822 




811,179 




1,037,263 




1,264,156 




1,053.392 


March 


881,795 




1,389,573 




1,057,863 




1,184,244 


April 


852.773 




806,492 




1,157,803 




1,090,177 


May 


1,151,828 




1,168 572 




1,156,913 




1,092,391 




1,112,692 


June . -- 


912,860 




982,419 




550.888 




493 308 


July 


443,612 




559,632 




680.916 




670,387 
504,365 


August - 




370,164 




672,057 
781,590 






686,821 




778,284 
677,858 
764,000 








561,285 


October 


705,391 
412 801 






556,538 




478,847 




230.663 


November 


764,258 
755 469 






791,141 




531 194 




755.989 




474 575 




533,974 
827,016 






Totals, 1877 


546,067 
847,857 
822,264 
1,056,346 
694,900 


21,097,505 
24,817,837 
25,738,742 
34,219,096 
27,021,385 


25,917.021 
15,938,067 
11,932,737 
17,187,113 
14,481,248 


254,008 
385,260 
321,970 
446,327 
408,216 


14,364,040 
10,356,660 
13,386,113 
15,130,410 
10,543,024 


39,508.252 


1876 


46,438,827 
14,221,666 
10,785,407 
11,069,335 


1875 


" 1874 


1873 







^■ 



49 



EXPORTS OF HOG PRODUCT IN 1877. 

statement showing the Weekly Exports of Hog Product from the principal Atlantic Ports during the 
year 1877. Compiled from current weekly reports, and approximately correct. Totals for 1873 and 1874 
include only Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore. 



Week Ending 



January 

February 

March 

April 

May -. 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Totals, 1877 
1876 
1875 
1874 
1873 



6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



From New York. 



Pork, 

barrels. 



4,329 
4,-3.33 
7,499 
2,955 
5,084 
4,893 
3,870 
3,769 
4,078 
2,142 
5811 
4,625 
4,175 
4,519 
4,260 
4,031 
4,194 
5,581 
3,542 
3,205 
3,971 
4,114 
3,477 
6,283 
3 169 
3,885 
2.783 
3,854 
2,236 
3,218 
2,796 
3,296 
3,419 
2,378 
4,027 
2,141 
4,559 
3,779 
3,721 
2,206 
3.930 
3,168 
3,783 
2,244 
2,795 
5,035 
3,788 
4,444 
4,025 
4,203 
4.291 
5,593 



203,506 
198,981 
172,393 
180,495 
199.553 



Bacon 

and Hams, 

pounds. 



10,571.677 
8,584,478 
9,439,195 
5,647 329 

13 2.35,518 
5,809,862 
5,884,474 
2,741,124 
8,060.377 
2,8-37,728 
2.619,964 
4.613,848 
5,667,399 
5,940.659 
6,089,184 
3,563,792 
3.954 777 
4,219.756 
3,382.634 
2.892,978 
4,862.013 
2,263.457 
2,816,272 
2,693,142 
4,157,927 
2,123.348 
2.106,222 
1,480,319 
1,889,136 
2,ft35.332 
1.505,220 
3,171.065 
5,019.638 
3,485,642 
3,460,172 
2,8I5,.364 
3,447 377 
3..3.30,226 
3,742.895 
2,791,.391 
1,840,877 
3,273.562 
2,918.296 
2,904.249 
3,394,013 
4,301,392 
3,341,354 
8.731,239 
«,082,947 
6,387,606 
5.219.0.33 

12,662.190 



Lard, 
pounds. 



236.909,669 
220.338,187 
183.220,111 
222,524,456 
:i07.044,288 



7,245 808 
3125,747 
5,764,677 
2,164,154 
4,497,131 
2,067,148 
1,822,450 

989,530 
2.367,133 
1,204.629 
5.217,340 
3,305,515 
4,782,128 
3,%5,145 
4,649,185 
5,463 461 
2,642,878 
3,288,370 
2,261.212 

904.140 
3.560,341 
2,167,182 
2,569,218 
1.721,.546 
2,368 913 
2.461,879 
2.301,726 
2,547,279 
1,700.448 
3515.012 
3,076,151 
2,794,292 
2,767,971 
3,177,5.36 
3,176..399 
5,085,441 
4.377,353 
4,531,821 
2,331,185 
3,624,038 
2,301.812 
2,775,986 
3,176.978 
2,813.093 
2,828,837 
2,224,585 
4,894.226 
3,318,178 
6,608.440 
4,781,375 
5.115,.330 
8,123.841 



From Boston, Phtladklphia, 
Baltimore, Portland, New 
Orleans, and Montreal. 



Pork, 
barrels. 



176,546.193 
153,010.890 
121,070,608 
140,708,923 
18.3,6.33.441 



2.758 

844 

1,169 

1,201 

1,498 

2.198 

1.382 

1,550 

474 

2,704 

1,222 

1,862 

1.613 

2.220 

813 

853 

1,178 

1,253 

1,892 

1.512 

5,037 

1,295 

1,991 

1,345 

877 

1.206 

846 

2,101 

1,456 

979 

547 

1,264 

1,.389 

1.016 

1,455 

251 

939 

1,100 

660 

991 

795 

793 

366 

900 

1,557 

423 

421 

2,367 

1.065 

736 

870 

302 



67,536 
70.642 
51,410 
43.529 
72,206 



Bacon 

and Hams, 

pounds. 



5,746,016 
7,090,717 
6,540 083 
5,410,607 
6.930,203 
5,702,615 
5.015,676 
5,155,594 
3.170,684 
4,564.518 
2,791,771 
5.924.328 
4,972,585 
2,938.384 
3,456.678 
3,-520,466 
2,230.129 
2,560.693 
2,285,380 
1,501,223 
2.841,322 
2,253,060 
4,254.285 
3,769,6.37 
572,195 
3,501.386 
4.172,213 
1,090,753 
1,944,430 
1,664,562 
2,123,707 
6,605,103 
3.568,530 
5;676,497 
4.806.711 
2,718,685 
3,222,664 
3.847.466 
3,425,780 
2,553.083 
2,950,040 
2,301,858 
1.074,684 
3,331,074 
2,307,964 
1,718,687 
3,182,290 
2,079,955 
6.5%, 194 
3,254,997 
2,676,976 
5,106,133 



Lard, 
pounds. 



188.691,271 
195,849.415 
101,282.495 
70,067,793 
119,013,148 



2,073,380 

779,153 

605,734 

196,972 

279,725 

546,003 

521,409 

613,174 

332,857 

1,102.565 

228,100 

3.129,744 

3,412.180 

1.003,869 

1,374.606 

1,500,795 

1,664,934 

246,630 

351.833 

1.463,137 

1.203.502 

2.875.392 

1.692.112 

1.183,600 

602,213 

1.388,442 

1,209.984 

1.589,674 

1,484.940 

1.464,129 

498,455 

468,095 

99,888 

433.867 

317,465 

1.109.078 

19,861 

1,903 842 

471,049 

177.133 

129,055 

1.094.280 

408.313 

1,645,402 

1,291,234 

605,244 

586.681 

1.312.810 

1,006.299 

1.119,126 

1,224,919 

2,232,267 



54,275,151 
57,402,146 
45,331.976 
24,607,520 
35,413,282 



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51 



GRAIN AND POTATO CROPS OF EUROPE. 

The following Statement (compiled from the United States Agricultural Report for 1876) shows the 
average annual product of the Grain and Potato Crops of Europe, except for the countries indicated by 
reference to the foot notes (the crops for those countries being for the single year as noted), as reported 
to the statistical corps of the French government, acting on behalf and by request of the International 
Statistical Congress held at St. Petersburg, Eussia, in 1873. 



Countries. 



Great Britain 

(1) Ireland 

Denmark 

Norway 

(2) Sweden 

(3) Russia 

Finland 

(*) Austria 

Hungary 

(') Switzerland 

(•) Prussia 

(1) Bavaria 

Saxony 

Wurtemburg 

Baden 

Hesse-Darmstadt 

Saxe Weimar 

Saxe Altenburg . 

Holland 

Belgium 

France 

Portugal 

(') Spain 

(«) Italy 

(«) Greece 

(5) Turkey 

(*) Servia 

Roumania 



Wheat 

and Spelt, , 

bushels. 



104.572,354 

3.871.032 

2,743 557 

276 535 

2,455.429 

221,714,919 

87,978 

35.945,699 

69,741,730 

2,145,528 

73,731,406 

21,626,587 

5 a38,707 

21449,672 

4,630,765 

4,714.889 

686.929 

408.672 

5,318,798 

2:3.991,263 

295,654,462 

8.171,749 

117.563.372 

107.381,080 

5,102 894 

40,867.200 

4,086,720 

33,787.161 



Corn 

(Maize), 
bushels. 



11,416,496 
76,105,136 



48,822 

" 99*234 

164.320 

90,921 



27,462.829 
11,928,983 
24.626,036 
^,048.408 

3,242,937 
30,650,400 

5,108,400 
108,731,613 



Oats, 
bushels. 



123.248.640 

57.058,502 

27,564.583 

9,6:33,196 

31,945,516 

590,746.010 

5,006,2:32 

91,486,937 

41.374,609 

5.212,736 

327,434.922 

25,897,914 

3,969,845 

9.565,541 

3.a39,191 

2,812.481 

1,904,156 

1,862,012 

11,:307.622 

24,124,478 

199,592.269 

544,624 



200.028 
3,065.040 

510,840 
8,449,464 



Rye, 
bushels. 



1,779,426 

178,510 

9,143,698 

826,624 

15,985,926 

616,954,569 

11.431,464 

74,407,428 

65,272 201 

8.684,680 

173,485,733 

24,-550,562 

12,274.827 

1,855,870 

1,752,181 

3,130.050 

1.561,899 

1.175,846 

9,368.221 

18,123 888 

74,667.8« 

8 396,595 

25,511.775 

8,740,887 

123,009 

10.216,800 

510.840 

5,887,204 



Barley, 
bushels. 



91,513,013 
8,385,154 

17.276,495 
3,731,970 

12,574,379 

124.255,047 

6,212,382 

46,234,017 

33,495.519 
1,4.30,352 

86,742,609 

17,501,814 
5.811,012 
5,883.478 
4,134.966 
3.6^2.130 
1,567.200 
8.36,143 
4.781.600 
3,787,910 

57,452.339 
2.839,498 

58,471,962 

13.321,218 
2.059.506 

25,542,000 
3,065,040 

20,094,345 



Potatoes, 

bushels. 



86,293,261 

124,509.304 

14.625,690 

18,847,584 

44,704,176 

326,906,518 

7.095,000 

178,429,626 

126,520,764 

569Vra0,47i 

59,778,270 

41,304,494 

19.850,584 

20.4:33,600 

15,251,565 

5,261,894 

2,671,353 

53.309,455 

60,803,441 

374.216,236 

3,785,041 

6,356.016 

29,696,734 

18,390 



380,292 



(■) Crop of 1873. (2) Crop of 1872. (') Crop of 1870. 
1867. (7) Crop of 1857. («) Year not stated. 



(*) Crop of 1871. (5) Crop of 1868. («) Crop of 



SOURCES OF SUPPLY OF BREADSTUFFS FOR 

GREAT BRITAIN. 



The following Statement, compiled from official sources (English), shows the sources of annual supply 
of Wheat and Flour imported into Great Britain from 1860 to 1876 inclusive. For the last four years the 
weights of wheat and flour are aggregated ; for the previous years flour is reduced to its equivalent of wheat. 



Years. 


United 
States. 

Cwts. 


Russia. 
Cwts. 


Germany. 

Cwts. 


Prance. 
Cwts. 


British 
America. 

Cwts. 


Other 
Countries. 

Cwts. 


Total. 
Cwts. 


1860 


9315,125 
15.610,472 
21,765,087 
11,869.179 
10,077,431 

1,498,579 
986,239 

5,091,733 

6,7.53..389 
15,.320,257 
15.057,236 
15.625,331 

9,6:34..349 
21,.32:3;423 
26,&38,787 
25,737,7.56 
21,620,671 


5,659,971 

4,540,4a3 

5,755 7a5 

4,5,38,934 

5,129,410 

8,093,989 

9,181,432 

14,166,794 

10,055,338 

9,187,236 

10,.326.844 

15,689,943 

17,938,977 

9,-598.096 

5,714,488 

9,995,295 

8,769,260 


6,904,819 
6,658,462 
7.930.849 
5 728.626 
6,842,721 
7,224,.371 
6,801,657 
7.87:3,216 
7.224,597 
7;546,688 
4,487.773 
4,2.58,823 
5,18:3.601 
2,841.100 
3,805,046 
6,412,285 
3,254.617 


4.583,412 
1..3.59.882 
1.961,a35 
l.a57.403 
2.854.424 
6,058,902 
8,023,-530 
2.140.832 

846.863 
2,1.53 350 
1,060.120 

182,262 
4.553,781 
2 839.878 

959.867 
3.048.999 
1,376,797 


1.310,652 

3.387,949 

5,118,098 

3.198,187 

1,831,897 

528.456 

59,601 

835,006 

798,505 

3.396,511 

3,402,690 

3.782.776 

2,1.57,170 

4.212.0.59 

4,196.529 

3,963.376 

2,699,204 


4.067,947 
6.089,457 
7.510,140 
3.695,563 
2,101.320 
2,439.255 
4„319,230 
9,029 199 

10.827,353 
6.843,730 
2,571.4.52 
4.823,092 
8,145,018 
9,141,-3.34 
6,694,.351 
8,677.371 

12,616.143 


31,841926 
37.646,705 
50,042,394 
30.887.892 
28.a37.203 
25.843.552 
29..371,679 
.39.1:36.780 
36.506.045 
44.447.772 
36.906.115 
44.362.227 
47,612,8% 
49,955,890 
47,709.068 
57.835,082 
50,336,692 


1861-... 


1862 


1863 


1864 


1865 


1866.... 


1867 

1868.... .. 


1869.... 


1870... 


1871 


1872 


1873-... 


1874 


1875.... 


1876 





52 



RECEIPTS OF FLOUR AND GRAIN FOR 26 YEARS. 

Tlie following Table shotus the Aggregate An7iual Receijjts of Flour and all 
kinds of Grain in Chicago; also the amount of Flour manufactured in 
the city for each year since 1851. 



Year. 



1852 
1853 
1854 
1855 
1856 
1857 
1858 
1859 
1860 
1861 
1862 
1863 
1864 
1865 
1866 
1867 
1868 
1869 
1870 
1871 
1872 
1873 
1874 
1875 
1876 
1877 



Flour I 
Manufactured' Flonr 
in the City, j Received, 
barrels. i barrels. 



70,979 
82,833 
66,000 
79,650 
86,068 
96,000 
140,403 
161,500 
232.000 
291,8,52 
260,980 
236,261 
255,056 
288,820 
445,522 
574,096 
732,479 
543.285 
443,967 
327,7.39 
186.968 
264,363 
244,667 
249.6.53 
271.074 
293,244 



5:3,337 

48,297 

158,575 

240,662 

324,921 

393,934 

522,137 

726,321 

713,348 

1,479,284 

1,666,391 

1,424,206 

1,205,698 

1,134,100 

1,847,145 

1,720,001 

2,192,413 

2,218,822 

1,766,037 

1,412,177 

l,5;i2,014 

2,487.376 

2.666,(>79 

2.625,88:5 

2,955,197 

2,691.142 



Wheat 

Received, 

bushels. 



9:J7,496 

1,687,465 

3,038,955 

7,-5:35,097 

8.767,760 

10,5,54,761 

9,639,614 

8,060,766 

14,927.083 

17,:385,002 

13,978,116 

11,408,161 

12,184,977 

9,266,410 

11,978,7.53 

13,695,244 

14,772,094 

16,876,760 

1 7.-394,409 

14,4.39,6.56 

12,724,141 

26.266,562 

29,764,622 

24.20<i.370 

16,-574.0.58 

14.164.515 



Corn 

Received, 

bushels. 



2,991,011 

2,869,:339 

7,490,753 

8,-5:32.377 

11,888,398 

7,409.0(X) 

8,252,641 

5,401,870 

15,862.:394 

26,369,989 

29,574,328 

2(),61 1,653 

13,807,745 

25,952,201 

33,.543,061 

22,772,715: 

25,570,494 

23,475,800. 

20,189,775! 

41,85-3,138' 

47,-366,087; 

38,1.57,2,32; 

3,5,799,&38| 

28,-341,150; 

48.668.640 ' 

47.915,728' 



Oats 

Received, 

bushels. 



Rye Barley 

Received, Received. 

bushels, i bushels 



2,089,941, 

1,875,770! 

4,194,385 

2,947,188 

2,219,987 

1,707,245 

2,883,.597 

1,757,696 

2,198,889 

2,067,018 

4,688,722 

11,086,131 

16,:3.51,616 

11,659,080 

11,140,264 

12,355,006 

16,032,910 

10,611,940 

10,472,078 

14,789,414 

15,061,715 

17,888,724 

13,901 2.35 

12,916,428 

1-3,0-30.121 

13.506,773; 



21,0151 
86,162; 
85,691 1 
68,16«»' 
45,707; 

87.711; 

71,012' 

231,514i 

318,976: 

490.9891 

1,0:38.8251 

865,508 

1.060,1161 

1,194,8:34! 

1,679.541! 

1.291,821 i 

L52:3,820; 

955,201: 

1.093,493! 

2,011,788 

1,129,08(); 

1,189,464 

791,182 

699.5a3 

1,447,91 7 i 

1.728.865' 



127.028 

192,387 

201,764 

201,895 

128,45'' 

127,689 

41.3,812 

652,696 

617,619 

457,589 

872,0.53 

1,280.342 

1,018,813 

1,774,139 

1,742.652 

2,:360,984 

1,915,056 

1,51.3,110 

3,3-35,653 

4,069,410 

5,251.7.50 

4,240,2:39 

3,:354,981 

3,107.297 

4,716,:360 

4,990,379 



Total Rec'ipts 

Flour reduced 

to Wheat, 

bushels. 



6,406,508 
6,928,459 
1-5,725,135 
20.367,702 
24,512,454 
21,659,109 
23,610,293 
19,-372,986 
37,2.35,027 
53,427,365 
57,650,804 
57,660,722 
49,848,908 
54,950,114 
68,:396,423 
60,215,774 
69,680,233 
63.417,510 
60,432,-574 
83,518,202 
88,426,842 
98,935,418 
9,5,611.713 
81,087..302 
97,735,482 
94,416,-399 



Receipts at Chicago of the last Twenty -three Crops of Wheat. 



Received. 


Bushels. 
1,:38.5,177 


j Eeceived. 


Bushels. 


Year 
Earv'd. 


Total 
Bushels. 


From Aufi:. 


1 to Dec. 31, 18.54 


Prom Jan. 1 to July 31, 1855 


1,1.54,299 


1854 


2,5:39,476 




" 18.55 


6,:380.798 


•• 1856 


2,002,776 


1855 


8,:3a3,574 




•' ia56 


6.764,984 


•• 1857 


2.170.4:34 


ia56 


8.9.35,418 




" 18-57 


8,:384..327 


>• 1858 


5,700,846 


1857 


14,085,173 




" 18,58 


3,938.768 


■^ ia59 


1,465.828 


1858 


5,404,596 




" 18,59 


6,,594,9.38 


'• 1860 


2,:360,728 


1859 


8,955,666 




" 1860 


12,066,-3.54 


- " 1861 


5,820,-345 


1860 


17,886,699 




" 1861 


11,:364.6.57 


- 1862 


6,416,802 


1861 


17,781,459 




" 1862 


7,-311,314 


" 1863 


7,520,615 : 


1 1862 


14.831.929 




' " 18a3 


7,110,041 


! ■' " " 1864 


6,770,187 


! 1863 


13,880,228 




" 1864 


5,317,790 


- 1865 


4,-348,414 


1864 


9.666,204 




" 1865 


4,892.996 


. " " " 1866 


3,613,9<>2 


1865 


8,506,9.58 




" 1866 


8,667.786 


: " " '• 1867 


2,0-37,087 


1866 


10.7(M,873 




•' 1867 


11,275,162 


' - " " 1868 


-3,511,699 


1867 


14,786,861 




" 1868 


11,245.395 


'• 1869 


7,610,926 


1868 


18,856,321 




" 1869 


9,265,834 


" 1870 


7,185,365 


1869 


16,451,199 




" 1870 


10,209,044 


" 1871 


5,286,041 


1870 


15,495,085 




" 1871 


9,1,5:3,615 


" 1872 


2,5-33,706 


; 1871 


11,687,.32] 




" 1872 


10,190,435 


'• 1873 


7,-3.38,150 


' 1872 


17,528,585 




" 1873 


18,928,412 


; u .. :: |g74 


16.210,067 


! 1873 


35.138,497 




" 1874 


13,5.54,,555 


" 1875 


12,206,7.32 


1 1874 


25,761,287 




" 1875 


ll,999,ft38 


" 1876 


8,-355,710 


\ 1875 


20,355,348 


vb h 


" 1876 


8.218,:34S 


" 1877 


1,921,017 


1876 


10,139,365 


hb b 


■' 1877 


12.243,498 






i 





53 



SHIPMENTS OF FLOUR AND GRAIN FOR 40 YEARS. 

The folloiving Table shoios the aggregate Annual Shipments of Flour and 
all kinds of Grain since the settlement of Chicago to the present time, 
compiled from the most authentic sources : 



Year. 



1838 

1839 

1840 

1841 

1842 

1843 

1844 

1845 

1846 

1847 

1848 

1849 

1850 

1851 

1852 

1853 

1854 

1855 

1«56 

1857 

1858 

1859 

1860 

1861 

1862 

1863 

1864 

1865 

1866 

1867 

1868 

1869 

1870 

1871 

1872 

1873 

1874.... 

1875 

1876.... 
1877 



Flour, 
barrels. 



.Wheat, 
bushels. 



6,320 
13,752 
28,045 
32.538 
45,200 
51,309 
100,871 
72,408 
61,196 
70,984 
111,627 
163,419 
216,-389 
259,648 
470,402 
686,351 
698,132 
1,603,920 
1,739,849 
1,522,085 
1,285,-343 
1,293,428 
1,981,-525 
2,015,455 
2,-399,619 
2,339,0&3 
1,705,977 
1,287,-574 
1,-361,.328 
2,303,490 
2,306.576 
2,285,113 
2,6-34.833 
2,482,305 



78 
3,678 
10,000 
40,000 
586,907 
688,967 
891,894 
956,860 
1,459.594 
1,974,-304 
2,160,000 
1,936,264 
883,644 
437,660 
6;35,996 
1,206,163 
2,306,925 
6,298,1-55 
8,:364,420 
9,846,052 
8,850.257 
7,166,696 
12,402.197 
15,835.953 
13,808,898 
10,793,295 
10,250,026 
7,614,887 
10,118,907 
10,557,123 
10,374,68;3 
13,244,249 
16,432,-5a5 
12,905,449 
12,160,046 
24,4.55,6-57 
27,6.34.587 
23.184,-349 
14,-361,950 
14,909,160 



Corn, 


Oats, 


bushels. 


bushels. 


"'67',i35 


"38^892 


550,460 


65,280 


644.848 


26,849 


262,013 


158,084 


3,221,317 


605,827 


2,757,011 


2.0,30,317 


2,780,228 


1.748,493 


6,837,890 


3,239,987 


7,517,625 


1.888,538 


11,129,668 


1,014.637 


6,814,615 


506,778 


7.726,264 


1,519,069 


4.349,360 1 


1,185,703 


13,700,113 


1,091,698 


24,372.725 i 


1,633,2.37 


29,452,610 


3,112,-366 


25,051,450 


9,2.34,858 


12,2-35.4-52 


16,567,650 


25,437,241 


11,142,140 


;32,753,181 i 


9,961,215 


21,267,205 1 


10,226,026 


24,770,626 1 


14.440,8-30 


21,586,808 


8,800,646 


17,777.377 1 


8,507,7-35 


36,716,030 


12,1-51,247 


47.013,-552 


12,255,5.37 


36,754,943 


15.694,1.33 


.32.705,224 \ 


10,561,673 


26.443.884 i 


10,279,1.34 


45,629.a35 : 


11,271.642 


46.361,901 : 


12,497,612 



Rye, 

bushels. 



17,315 
82,162 
41,153 
19,326 
591 

"""-7',569 

1.34,404 

156,642 

393,813 

871,796 

651,094 

893,492 

999,289 

1,444,574 

],21.3,3a9 

1,202,941 

798,744 

913,629 

1,.325,867 

776,805 

960,613 

a35,077 

310..592 

1,4.33,976 

1,553.375 



Barley, 
bushels. 



31.452 

22,872 

19,997 

79.818 

120,267 

148,411 

92,011 

19,051 

17,993 

132,020 

486,218 

267,449 

226,534 

532,195 

946,223 

.345.208 

607,484 

1,-300,821 

1,846,891 

901,183 

6a3,753 

2,.584,692 

2,908,113 

5,a32.:308 

3,:366.041 

2,404..5.38 

1.868,206 

2 687.932 

4,213,656 



Total bush. 

Flour reduced 

to Wheat. 



78 

3,678 

10,000 

40,000 

586,907 

688,967 

923,494 

1,025,620 

1,599,819 

2,243,021 

.3,001,740 

2,895,958 

1,830,968 

4.646,831 

5,826,437 

6,292,233 

13,132,501 

16,6.32,750 

21,610,312 

18,483,678 

20,587,189 

16,754,136 

31,108,759 

50,481,862 

56,477,110 

54,287,345 

46,718,543 

52,268,181 

65,486,-323 

55,187,909 

63,688,-358 

56,759,515 

54,745,903 

71,800.789 

83,-364,224 

91,597,092 

84,020,691 

72.-369.194 

87,241,306 

90,706,076 



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56 



CATPLE AND HOG STATISTICS, 

Receipts and Shipments of Cattle for Tiuenty Years. 



Year. 


Received. 


Shipped. 


Yeak. 


Received. 


Shipped. 


1858 


140,534 
111,694 
117,101 
204,259 
209,655 
304,448 
338,840 
a30,301 
384,251 
329,243 


42,6/38 
37,584 
97,474 
124,145 
112,745 
201,066 
253,439 
301,637 
268,723 
216,982 


1868 


323,514 
403,102 
532,964 
543,050 
684,075 
761,428 
843.%6 
920,843 
1.096.745 
1,033,151 


217.897 


1859 


1869 


294,717 


1860 


1870 


391,709 


1861 


1871 


401,927 


1862 


1872 


510,025 


1863 


1873 


574,181 


1864.- 


1874 


622,929 


1865 


1875 


696,534 


1866 


1876 


797.724 


1867 


1877 


703,402 









Receipts and Shipments of Hogs for Tiuenty 



Years. 



Yeab. 



1858. 

1859. 

1860. 

1861. 

1862. 

186:3. 

1864. 

1865. 

1866. 

1807. 

1868. 

1869. 

1870 

1871. 

1872. 

1873. 

1874. 

1875. 

1876. 

1877. 



Live. 



416.225 

188,671 

285,149 

549,039 

1,110,971 

1,606,818 

1,285,871 

757.072 

9X3,233 

1,696,089 

1,706,592 

1,661,869 

1,693,158 

2,380.083 

3,252,623 

4,3:37,750 

4,259,629 

:3.912,110 

4,190,006 

4,025.970 



Received. 



Dressed. 



124,261 
82,.553 
107,715 
12(!,863 
2:37,919 
350,055 
289,457 
92,239 
353,093 
260,431 
281.923 
190,513 
260,214 
273,466 
235,905 
233,156 
213,038 
173,012 
148.622 
164,;339 



Total. 



540,486 

271,224 

392,864 

675,902 

1,:348,890 

1,956,873 

1,575,328 

849,311 

1,286,326 

1,987,120 

1,988,515 

1,852.-382 

1,953,372 

2,652,549 

3,488,528 

4,570,906 

4,472,667 

4,085,122 

4,.338,628 

4,190.309 



Live. 



159,181 

87,254 

191,931 

216,982 

446,506 

752,151 

561,277 

575,511 

484,793 

760,.'>47 

1,020,812 

1,086,:305 

924,483 

1,162,286 

1,835,594 

2,197,557 

2,330,661 

1,582,643 

1,131,635 

951,221 



Shipped. 



Dressed. 



:32,a32 

22,992 

:35,23;3 

72,112 

44,629 

110,039 

98,115 

69,034 

91, .306 

156,091 

226,901 

199,650 

171,188 

169,473 

145,701 

200,906 

197,747 

153,523 

79,654 

94,648 



Total. 



192,013 

110,246 

227,164 

289,094 

491,135 

862,190 

659,392 

644,.545 

576,099 

916,638 

1,247,713 

1,285,955 

1,095,671 

1,:331,759 

1,981,295 

2,:398,463 

2,528,108 

1,736,166 

1,211,289 

1,045,869 



BEEF AND PORK PACKING IN CHICAGO 

For the last Twenty Years, March 1 to March 1. 




Season of 1877-8, to December 31, Hogs packed 1,022.537 

Same time, season of 1876-7 1,050,945 

Decrease 28,408 



1^* ' ■ 



57 



PORK PACKING IN THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. 

The following Statement exhibiting the number of Hogs Packed in the Mis- 
sissippi Valley during the past five packing seasons {November 1 to 
February 28) is compiled from the most reliable data available, and 
is believed to be substantially correct. 



Places where Packed. 



Chicago 

Quincy 

Peoria 

Galena 

Other points 



Total. 



CiBcinnati... 
Cleveland ... 

Xenia - - 

Circleville ..- 
Other points 



Total. 



St. Louis 

Kansas City . 
St. Joseph... 
Other points. 



Total. 



Indianapolis.. 

Muncie 

Richmond 

New Castle... 
Other points 



Total. 



ILLINOIS. 



OHIO. 



MISSOUKI. 



INDIANA. 



IOWA. 



Cedar Rapids.. 

Dubuque 

Des Moines 

Keokuk 

Council Bluffs . 

Sabula 

Other points... 



Total. 



WISCONSIN. 



Milwaukee .. 
La Crosse ... 
Other points. 

Total 



1876-77. 



1873-76. 



1874-75. 



1,618,084 

57,100 

42,696 

27,000 

149,279 



1,894,159 



1,592,065 

52,2.39 

87,991 

25,000 

158.535 



1,915,830 



523,576 

121,200 

16,000 

15,942 

133,319 



810,037 



414,747 

116,038 

60,972 

51.930 



643,687 



563,359 

88,077 

17,582 

15,*39 

138,578 



1,690,348 
55,808 

112.765 
24,000 

230,924 

2,113,845 



560,164 
80,268 
18,842 
23,486 

188.211 



822,935 



329,895 
74,500 
82,574 
69.174 



556,143 



294,198 
28,030 
21,658 
17,4a3 

173,856 



535,225 



415,289 



323,184 

1,060 

22,700 

11,734 

216,755 

575,433 



870,971 



462,346 
73,500 

114,883 
56,681 

707,310 



76,945 


75,968 


62,500 


63,400 


61,780 


40,068 


57,100 


29,750 


38,000 


26,410 


37,910 


32.355 


81,054 


92,795 



360,746 



225,598 
10,000 
26,700 

262,298 



181,972 

5,600 

30,854 

218,426 



278,339 

18,100 

27,700 

11.685 

330,751 

666,575 



54,620 
68,800 
74,017 
72,000 
21,000 
37,318 
98,503 



426,258 



236,596 

4,800 

28,072 



269,468 



1873-74. 



1872-73. 



1,520,024 

54,293 

66,540 

26,000 

220.471 



1,887,328 



581,253 
87,796 
16.055 
20,116 

201,584 



906,804 



463,793 

140,348 

81,642 

60,5&3 



1,425,079 
51,983 

102.500 
29,000 

225.656 



1,834,218 



626,305 
60,195 
11,912 
20,870 

166,982 

886,264 



746,366 



538.000 

180,922 

90,744 

81,013 



890,679 



295.766 

15.629 

30.500 

3.184 

370.624 



715,703 



72,810 
40,000 
43,570 
62,286 
14,000 
31.456 
105,156 



369,278 



1%,317 
26,174 
27,000 

"360",99i 

610,482 



36.204 
50.000 
53,507 
71,156 
12,000 
23.600 
103,620 



350,087 



294,054 

4,200 

35,260 



333,514 



303,500 

6,300 

21,835 

331,635 



58 
PORK PACKING IN THE MISSISSIPPI VALLEY. 

Statement exhibiting the number of Hogs Packed in the Mississippi 

Valley. — Continued. 



Places where Packed. 


1876-77. 


1875-76. 


1874-75. 


1873-74. 


1872-73. 


- 

KENTUCKY. 

Louisville - - 

other points. 


214,862 
39,091 

253.953 


223,147 
40,601 


273.118 
34,950 


226,947 
30,312 


302,246 
31,460 


Total 


263,748 


308,068 


257,259 


333,706 


MICHIGAN. 

Detroit and other points 


83,907 


53,837 


62,836 


71,549 


54,989 






TENNESSEE. 

Nashville and other points 


46,350 


22,818 


22,639 


26,577 


39,860 






NEBRASKA. 

Omaha and other points 


45,500 


26,190 


26,950 


29,085 


20,835 






KANSAS. 

Leavenworth and other points 


33,225 


34,276 


49,536 


64,037 


49,179 






St. Paul and other points . . 


23,785 


21,630 


20,950 


32,700 


25,320 






PENNSYLVANIA. 

Pittsburgh 


11,000 


7,200 


7,000 


15,000 


20,000 






WEST VIRGINIA. 

Wheeling and Parkereburgh 


10,577 


5,787 


8,820 


7..500 


4,000 







RECAPITULATION. 



States where Packed. 



Illinois 1,894,159 



Ohio. 

Missouri 

Indiana 

Iowa.. 

Wisconsin 

Kentucky 

Michigan 

Tennessee 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

Minnesota 

Pennsylvania .. 
West Virginia 



1876-77. 



Total 5,068,992 



810,037 

()43,687 

535.225 

415,289 

262,298 

253,953 

83.907 

46..350 

45,500 

3;3.225 

23,785 

11,000 

10,577 



1875-76. 



1,915,830 

822,935 

558,143 

575,433 

360,746 

218,426 

2&3,748 

53.837 

22,818 

26,190 

34.276 

24,6;W 

7,200 

5.787 



4,887,999 



1874-75. 



2,113,845 

870,971 

707,310 

666.575 

426,258 

269.468 

308,068 

62,836 

22,639 

26,950 

49,536 

20,950 

7,000 

8,820 



5.561,226 



1873-74. 



1,887,,328 

906,804 

746,366 

715,703 

369,278 

333,514 

257,259 

71,549 

26,577 

29.085 

64,037 

32,700 

15,000 

7,500 



5,462,700 



1872-73. 



1,834,218 

886,264 

890.679 

610;482 

350.087 

331,635 

333,706 

54,989 

39,860 

20,835 

49,179 

25,320 

20,000 

4,000 



5,451,254 



59 



POEK PACKING • 

For a Series of Years. 

The following Statement exhibits the number of Hogs Packed in the Mississippi Valley during each 
packing season for the last twenty-eight years, summer packing not included: 



Seasons. 



1849-50 
1850-1- 
1851-2. 
1852-3- 
1853-4. 
1854-5. 
1855-6- 
1856-7. 
1857-8- 
1858-9. 
1859-60 
1860-1. 
1861-2. 
1862-3. 



Number of 
Hogs Packed. 



1,652,220 
1,332,867 
1,182,846 
2,201,110 
2,.5.34,770 
2,124.404 
2,489,502 
1,818,468 
2,210,778 
2.465,552 
2,350,822 
2,155,702 
2,893,666 
4,069,520 



Seasons. 



1863-4. 
1864-5.. 
1865-6. 
1866-7. 
1867-8. 
1868-9. 
1869-70 
1870-1., 
1871-2. 
1872-3. 
1873-4., 
1874-5. 
1875-6. 
1876-7.. 



Number of 
Hogs Packed. 



3,261,105 
2,422,779 
1,785,955 
2,490,791 
2,781,084 
2,499,173 
2^595,243 
3,717,084 
4,875,560 
5,451,254 
5.462,700 
5,561,^6 
4,887,999 
5,068.992 



SUMMER PACKING. 



During the season from March 1 to November 1, in 1875, there were packed in the West 1,237,939 
Hogs, and during the same time in 1876, 2,300,328 Hogs; in 1877 it has been about 2,550,000 Hogs. Pre- 
vious to 1875 this packing was mainly confined to March and October, and scarcely ever reached 500,000 
Hogs. Considerably more than half the summer packing has been done at Chicago. 



COMPAEATIVE STATEMENT 



Of the last Twelve Packing Seasons. 



Packing Seasons. 


Number of 
Hogs. 


Average 

Net "Weight. 


Aggregate 
Weight. 


1865-6 . 


1,785,955 
2,490,791 
2,781,084 
2,499,173 
2,595,243 
3,717,084 
4,875,560 
5,451,254 
5,462,700 
5,561,226 
4,887,999 
5,068,992 


231 3-10 
2,32 1-7 
201 
206 

206 3-4 
2301-7 
227 5-8 
231 6-10 

214 97-100 
209 77-100 
217 71-100 

215 58-100 


413,091,390 


1866-7 


588,219,339 


1867-8. 


558,997,884 


1868-9 . 


516,848,743 


1869-70 


533,971,247 


1870-1 


855,460,332 


1871-2 


1,109,799,54S 


1872-3.... 


1,262,510,426 


1873-4 


1,174,316,619 


1874-5 


1,166,578.378 


1875-6 


1,064,122.270 


1876-7 : 


1,092,773,295 







60 



DETAILS OF PORK 

For the year 



PACKERS. 



AUerton Packing Co 

Armour & Co 

Arnold Bros 

Arnold, Franz & Co 

Botsford, H. &Co 

Boyd, Lunham & Co 

Brinkworth. H. & Co 

Burt, Murphey & Quirk 

Chapin, E. D. & Co 

Chicago Packing and Provis'n Co. 

Coey & Co 

Dahmke & Fischer 

Davis Bros 

Davies, A tkinson & Co. 

Doud, L. B. & Co 

Fowler Bros 

Higgins, Geo. W. & Co 

Latcham, Frank 

Morrell, John & Co 

Myers, E. H. & Co. 

Oliver, R. M. & Co 

Perkins, Fay & Co 

Ricker, S. A 

Shoeneman & Co 

Thallon, John 

Thorue & Co 

Tobey & Booth 

Other Packers .. 



Totals. 
Year ending March 1, 1876. 
March 1, 1875. 
March 1, 1874. 
March 1. 1873. 
March 1, 1872. 



NO. OF HOGS PACKED. 



Packed 
March 1 

to 
Nov. 1. 



59,570 

319,452 

. 4,800 



75,397 
42,850 
2,500 
77,667 
19,946 



4,488 

3,916 

56,417 



225,531 
11,990 
20,292 
25,665 



2,600 

15,771 

143,297 

9,137 
28,893 



111,966 
53,257 



1,315,402 

728.781 

446,368 

306.536 

31,571 

10,350 



Packed 

Nov. 1 

to 

March 1. 



73,784 
285,275 

4,800 
15,451 
81,522 
19,886 

9,000 

86,477 

45.514 

289,.366 

21,000 

2,520 

8,430 
56,775 
35,:%9 
166,482 
69,820 
21,727 
26,401 
33.588 

8,367 
24,958 
76,102 
19,638 
24,697 
18.215 
60,852 
32,128 



* 1.618,084 
1,592,065 
1,690,348 
1,520,024 
1.425,079 
1,214,886 



Grand 

Total 

for the 

Year. 



133.354 

604,727 

9,600 

15,451 

156,919 
62,736 
11,500 

164.144 
65,460 

269,366 

21,000 

7,008 

12..346 

113,192 
35,309 

392,013 
81,810 
42,019 
52,066 
33,588 
10.967 
40.729 

219.399 
28,775, 
53,590 
18,215 

172,8181 
85,385! 



AVERAGE 
NET WEIGHT 



2,933,486 

2,320,846j 

2,1.36,716 

1,826.560 

1,456,6,50. 

1,225,236 






P 



< 



I 



s 

6 
5 



182.00 
215.00 
203.00 



216.25 
150.00 
260.00 
216.00 
211.25 



238.75 
191.56 
154.00 



165.00 
2.35.00 
173.00 
162.00 



180.00 
145.00 
190.12 
221.00 
144.00 



164.50 
225.00 



189.79 
176.19 



bo 

S 

o 

■a 



a oj ^ 



202.00 
233.00 
210.00 
195.44 
246.00 
150.00 
240.00 
245.00 
200.50 
245.50 
137.60 
2.35.75 
226.05 
164.00 
246.00 
172.25 
249.00 
174.00 
163.00 
229.00 
189.00 
149.00 
219.48 
215.50 
153.43 
2.37.58 
168.00 
240.00 



215.97 
217.55 
212.42 
216.47 
236.25 
232.54 



YIELD OF LARD. 



a 



J Mo 

< I 



31.00 
34.00 
40.00 



37.79 
14.00 
40.00 
.36.80 
30.00 



44.00 


40.22 


24.00 



23.75 
37.00 
31. 5C 
21.00 

"22"66 
22.00 
.30.11 
40.00 
22.00 



18.88 
35.00 



29.10 
26.77 



03 &-. ^ 
t- O « 

< I 



33.00 
40.30 
40.00 
30.00 
44.36 
14.00 
35.00 
43.00 
29.00 
40 00 
20.00 
43.00 
35.17 
25.13 
43.25 
25.50 
44.50 
29.92 
23.00 
43.25 
28.25 
21.75 
32.50 
35.00 
22.85 
33.57 
19.34 
40.00 



35.10 
36.32 
37.30 
37.44 
44.02 
43.07 



CS H « 



o 






7,504 

34,713 

590 

1,398 

10,890 

860 

970 

11,330 

4,125 

35,727 

1,250 

328 

902 

4.287 

4,554 

12,550 

9,612 

2,119 

1,845 

4,375 

785 

1,5.38 

7,587 

2,060 

1,685 

1,853 

3,621 

3,811 



172.869 
174,572 
197,038 
177,877 
196,054 
167,592 



* Included in the Winter Packing are 123,572 Dressed Hogs. 

In addition to the above the Packers also reported as manufactured during the packing season of 
Stretford Sides; 1,191,251 lbs. Yorkshire Sides; 881,770 lbs. Long Rib Sides; 837,289 lbs. Wiltshire Sides; 
cellaneouB Sides: 23,000 lbs. Singed Bacon ; 2,330,476 lbs. Bellies; 1,018,365 lbs. Backs; 4,649 tierces Sweet 



61 



PACKING IN CHICAGO 

ending Mai'ch 1, 1877. 



OTHER PRODUCTS OF WINTER I'ACKING. 



Barreled Pork. 


MIDDI.T5S. 


Hams. 


Green and Dry 

Salted Shoulders, 

lbs. 


o 

at 




o a 


Total 
Bbls. 


Long 

Clear, 

lbs. 


Short 

Clear, 

lbs. 


Short 
Rib, 
lbs. 


Cumber- 
land Cut, 
lbs. 


Green, 
lbs. 


Long, 
Cut, 

lbs. 


S.P. 

tcs. 


4,655 
35,839 


5,.354 

""37.3 

""126 

317 

4,154 

9.850 

70 


5^296 
200 

2;658 

"."645 

917 

2,308 

18,216 


4,655 

46,489 

200 

"a)',344 

700 

3.074 

22,609 

13,472 

123,722 

70 


1,569.734 
9,740,200 


966,159 
8,511,200 


784,2.38 
7,308,800 


383,549 
125,000 
140,000 
241, .540 

""l"5"0^666 

"m666 

""78'i72 
625,688 

6",'4"25^563 

""58",468 
738,000 

""89"295 

50,770 

946,786 

"469452 

"323^632 


765,515 

4,579,033 

153,600 


1,428,748 
494,300 


100 
13,574 


990,351 

3,827.000 

100,000 




617,980 
939,649 
230,000 


316,230 
2,049,371 

170,000 

80,000 

1,863.576 

171,736 
2,258,961 




252,060 


191 

1,205 

70 

440 

784 

333 

4,050 


123,590 


17,913 


2,363,056 


2,091,559 


1,550,430 


700 


350,000 


24,000 


2,303 


"80,666 

2,7.35,177 

436,8.36 

7,311,301 

3,200 

20,000 

270,971 


180.000 
2,786.944 

943,271 
8,054.779 


32,000 


21,375 

7,010 

95,656 


2',"33"5,828 

1,370,468 

3,501,864 

274,000 


'"'"224^626 


2,070,481 

11,085 

3,281,779 




636,000 






20,000 

76.a31 

393.348 

289,222 

816,168 

1,813,000 

255,708 

20,000 

481,755 


85,340 
16,786 


"467 


62,000 


2,038 




47 


2,085 


67,138 






1,686,218 




7,167 


83 
2,000 



"'ioe 

1,587 
109 

• 


920 

""727 
58 

"""29 
"553 
""334 


8,170 

2,000 

19,706 

"""256 
8,384 
1,342 

""l",250 
1,624 
1.587 
6,273 

"2",487 


1,585.452 

2,067,744 

1,276,000 

304,086 

111,000 

223,250 

174.070 

354,594 

2,810.513 

1,618,756 

388,429 

217,232 

408,216 

64,000 

32,230,203 
33,465,864 
25,539,746 
22,.327,5,58 
27.442.320 
18,302,005 


1,100,879 


1,200,000 


400 
1,850 
1,744 

200 

'3^266 
176 


500,000 




t6,320,388 


19,706 


1,924,000 

211,448 

72,000 

1,052.183 

2,126 


1,711,000 


2,027,000 




604,308 
870,740 


178,370 


250 




139,000 


7,657 


100.000 
234,276 


830,827 


1,284 




77,203 






"7"43,243 

1.799,430 

24,124 

783,929 




1,250 
1,4S9 


l,3"6"8,46i 
277,894 

""""22'6"()45 


"5'7"5,9.34 

77,141 

207.790 

306,712 


846,436 
470,666 


994 

"147 
1.831 

"708 


757,854 
176,935 


5.611 


40,000 

71,725 

767,194 


357,508 




1,375.547 


69,685 


2,153 


87,500 


198.300 


736,984 








234,056 
200.821 
215,699 
170,307 
88,.385 
126,059 


24,129 
15,195 
16,028 
14.544 
8,726 
19,933 


32,308 
20,414 
29,948 
11,066 
5.875 
6,020 


290,493 
236,430 
261,675 
195,917 
102,986 
152,012 


22,512,665 
16,089,655 
24,288,051 
25.2.34,501 
52,260,549 
24,923,980 


27,042,092 
36,749,334 
32.034.524 
:34.55.3,010 
26,251.028 
31,700,039 


11,921,540 
9,369,047 
7,784,284 
8,411,539 
4,&39,512 
6,235,424 


25,088,124 
2.3,715.834 
23,364,932 
27,299,458 
28.272,469 
27,702,599 


17,593,061 

17,932,532 

12.650.879 

8.972.048 

5,263,989 

2,161,488 


32,404 
29,107 
49,084 
36.554 
40.726 
25,478 


17,924,082 
25,437,085 
31,344,345 
.33,961,424 
.35,348,191 
31,827,752 



t Includes Short Cut and Dry Salted Hams. 

1875-6, 1,660,103 lbs. South Staflfordshire Hams; 6,540;864 lbs. South Staffordshire Sides: 2.749,295 lbs. 
701,312 lbs. Birmingham Sides; 1,203,218 lbs. Irish Cut Sides; 157,800 lbs. Rough Sides; 5,038,701 lbs. Mis- 
Pickled Shoulders; 2,394 bbls. Hocks; 3,556 bbls. Pigs' Tongues, and 2,610 packages Grease. 



62 



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64 



COMPARATIVE 

Shoiuing the Current Prices of Flour, Wheat, Corn and Oats in the Chicago 



SPRING WHEAT FLOUR. 

Medium to Choice Samples. 



Jan 

Feb"'."'.'."." 

Mar 

Apr 

May 

June 

Jaly 

An;:: 

Sept 

Oct........ 

Ilk 

Nov !"'""."'. 

lb 

Dec""!].".".'.' 



1871. 



1872. 



16: 5 

li 5 
16 



60@5 
mCwxt 
75@6 
00@,7 



16 5 



5@6 
75@6 
{)0@7 
90@6 
90@6 
75®6 

90@'<' 
75@.6 
50@6 
30@6 
20@6 
00@6 
00@.6 
73@7 
50@6 
60@.6 
7.5@7 

7.T(a7 

55@6 



75@,6 7.5 
7.5@6 75 
50@6 50 
60@,6 50 
75@6 50 
50@6 60 
50@6 75 

5 50@6 75 

6 50@,8 00 



00@8 50 

00@8 50 

75@8 25 

25@.7 .50 

50@,7 25 

50@i7 50 

00@7 50 

7.5@i7 25 

75@7 50 

.50@7 40 

5 50@7 25 

5 4m~ 00 

5 30(316 75 

5 25@6 75 

5 2,5@6 75 



1873. 



5 50@7 00 

5 .50@7 00 

6 00@7 25 
6 00@7 25 
6 00@7 00 
6 00@7 00 
5 7.5@6 75 
5 7.T@6 75 
5 75@6 75 

5 75(ai7 00 

6 00@,7 50 
6 00@6 75 
6 00@,6 50 
6 00@6 50 
5 75@6 50 

7.5@7 00 
7.5®" 00 
7.5@.7 00 
50(a6 50 
25^1,6 50 
00(^6 25 
62@6 00 
00@6 25 
00@6 25 



1874. 



5 00@6 25 
5 50@6 75 
2.5@6 75 
25@6 75 
25@6 75 
25®6 75 
25@6 75 
50@6 75 
.50@6 75 
.50(a6 75 
30@6 50 
250,6 50 
20@6 75 
00@6 75 
00@7 00 
00@6 75 
O0(S)6 50 
75(?5i6 ,50 
7.5@6 25 
7.5@6 00 
60(??)5 50 
2.5(^5 25 
25@5 25 
25®5 25 



1875. 



25@5 25 
25@5 00 
00®4 75 
00@4 75 
00@4 75 
10@,4 90 
25@i5 00 
50@5 25 
50@5 25 
50(3^ 25 
40@5 00 
40@5 00 



4 40@5 10 



;.5@5 50 
00@6 00 
50(a6 50 
30(a6 50 
.30@6 50 
20®6 40 
00@6 25 
00®6 25 
75®6 00 
75@5 75 
7.T@5 75 



1876. 



75®5 65 
60@5 60 
60@5 60 
60@5 60 
60@5 60 
60@5 60 
75@5 75 
4 75®5 75 
4 85@5 75 

4 85@5 75 

5 00@5 75 

5 00@5 75 I 

4 80@5 65 ! 



•5@5 50 

'5®5 50 

65@5 40 

65@5 40 

70@5 50 

_ 00@.5 75 

5 00@6 00 

5 20@6 10 

5 20@.6 25 

5-40@6 40 

5 50@6 40 



1877. 



80@6 75 
80@6 75 
90@7 00 
90@7 00 
90@6 75 
75@6 75 
6 00@6 75 
6 50®7 50 
75@8 75 
75@8 75 
30@8 00 
20@8 25 
00®8 00 
25@8 40 
50@7 75 
00@7 00 
25®'' 25 
25@6 25 
25@6 00 
25@6 00 
25@6 00 
00@6 00 
00@6 00 
00it^6 00 



SPRING WHEAT. 



INo. 



1871. 
2 Spring 



Jan.. 

ii 

Feb".] 

it 

Mar.. 
Apr.. 
May'] 
June. 

July] 
Aug.. 
Sept - 
Oct]] 

li 

Nov.. 

4i 

Dec]] 



161 
11 

16:1 

lll 

16:1 

11 
161 

11 
16,1 

111 
161 

161 

ill 
16 1 

111 
161 

ill 
16 1 

V\ 
161 

11 
161 



09 ®1 
16!/2@1 

24 @1 
21 ^®1 
22J£®1 

25 ®1 
26}4@,1 
30 '/^®1 
24 @1 
29 ®1 
25i4@l 
27 @1 

2;b;4@i 

16 @1 
02 @1 
05!4@1 
06 @1 
15J4@1 
23 1^®! 
201/2®! 
19 @1 
20?^@1 

19J4@1 



11 

18?d 

26 

2:5 

24 

26 

29 

31 '/2 

25 

291/2 

26 

271/2 

24 

V!% 

031/2 

06 

071/2 

16 

24 

22 

2014 

22 

191/2 

195£ 



1872. 
No. 2 Spi-'g. 



1873. 
No. 2 Spring. 



120!/2®121?B 
12;3i/8®12:3K2 
123 1/2®! 23% 
125 14®! 25 1/2 
123'/2®,125 

118 ®!]9i4 

120 ®121 
123 ®123i.4 
135^@137V4 1 
148i/2®152 
146 @150)^ 

@.149 
®13154 
©1251/2 
@132 
156i4@158i4 

119 @121 

121 @122 
118i4®120 
1115i@112y2 
107!4®108 
103 ©10314 
109%@110 
114 ©114% 



148 
120 
125 
131 



19i/4@,l 
21%@1 

24 ^®1 
21 7s®l 
18 ®1 
20 ®1 

17K®1 
1914®1 

31%®1 

25 ®] 

1714®! 

15?8®1 

18 ©1 
171/2®! 
23 ©1 
14 ®1 
12 ©1 
99 ©1 
011/2©! 
995^©1 
02 ©1 
08 ©1 
145ii@l 



25^ 

23 

251/2 

22i/» 

1914 

203i 

20 

20 

25 

32 

261/2 

1914 

I61/2 

I81/2 

20 

251/2 

I61/2 

12^2 

03 

031/2 

0014 

as 

09 J4 

1614 



1874. 
No. 2 Spring. 



1714®! 18 
22%@1 231/2 
22 @1 23M 
17 ©1 I81/2 
17;^@1 I81/2 
18i/i@l 20 
191^©! 22X 
271/2©! 28I/4 
25%@1 28 
211/2©! 22 
16 ©1 16;^ 
!7Ji®! I81/2 
16 ©1 16?i 
13 ©1 13% 
045£@1 051/2 
03?4©1 04 
93i<© 9414 
98 @ 98SC 
94 © 94 1^ 
88 © 881^ 
aSH® 841^ 
9054© 90% 
91 %@ 92 
89 



1875. 
No. 2 Spring. 



901/2© 

88%® 

88 © 

83H@ 

85%© 

923^® 

945-8© 

1 031/2©! 

1 041/2®! 

1 02%®! 

9OI4® 

98%®1 

1 021/2©! 

1 14 ©1 

122 ©1 

1 16 ©1 

1 13%©! 

1 13 ©1 

1 11 @! 

1 12i/2@l 

1 08i/4@l 

1 06 ^^©l 

103 ©1 

9514© 



90% 

88^^ 

88% 

831/2 

86>^ 

93% 

96% 

04 

05 

03 

92 

00% 

05 

16 

25 

I61/2 

1454 

14% 

131/2 

13/2 

10 

07% 

ft3i/2 

95% 



1876. 
No. 2 Spring. 



95%© 
01 ©1 
9754© 

01 ©1 
971/2© 
011/2©! 
01 '/@1 

02 ©1 
98 © 
0654©1 

03 ©1 
045i©l 
03%@1 
91 © 
88 © 
86%© 
94 ® 

0354©! 
0654©! 

08i4®l 
103s©! 
10%©1 
14%©! 
18 ©1 



96% 

01% 

97% 

02 

93 

02 

03 

021/; 

9914 

0751 

041/2 

0554 

04% 

92 

89 

86% 

9554 

04 

07% 

09 

1254 

121/2 

15^ 

I81/2 



1877. 
No. 2 Spring. 



25 ©1 25% 
29%®! 3054 
255-8@l 27 
31 ©1 321/2 
217g@l 23 
221/2®! 23 

26 ©1 27 

44 ©1 45 
54 ©1 5854 
60 ©1 62 
50V4@1 54 
47 ©1 49>4 
44'4@1 45 

45 ©1 45^ 

@1 23 

04 Vi©! 05 

10 ©1 1254 

11 ©1 13;^ 
10H©1 12 
081/2©! 09 
0754®! 08 
08 ©1 08% 
075i@l 0754 
07 @1 0754 



r 



65 



STATEMENT 

Market on the first and sixteenth days of each month for Seven Years. 

GOEN. 



1871. 
No. 2 Corn. 



1872. 
No. 2 Corn. 



Januarj-.-. 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July.;:.!'; 

August 

September 
October ... 

November. 

it 

December. 



46J£@47i4 
50H®51M 
50i/2@50% 
49M@51 

52y2@522i 

54K2@54M 
54i4®54i/2 
54 @xA% 

51ii@51% 
54i4@54i/2 
527i@53i^ 
51 ©511/2 
43 ©44 
45 ©46 
■43y2@44'/2 
4754@475i 

42%@4;3 
47i/4@48J£ 
45 @46i^ 
40i/2@41i/2 



1873. 
No. 2 Corn. 



40i/2@40% 
40%©41 
40%mWs 
4Dyi@40% 
39 ©39^ 
35%©3fi% 
38 ©3814 
38 ©38'^ 
43 ©43 '/z 
46ii@4'? 

44y^@,44% 
40i4©41 

41 ©411/2 

42 ©42^ 

42i4@42?£ 
38^4@38M 

35i4@36 
.32 ©32^ 

313^©31M 
31Ji@32 
31 ©3114 
30% ©31 



305^@31 

30%©30!/2 

30i/2©30% 

31 ©3114 
31M©32% 
30i/2@33i4 
335i@34i4 
37H@38i4 
39%@40i4 
38i/2@40i4 
.30y2@33y3 
33i4©34M 

365'8@37 

39%@40i<r 

40%@41 

42^@42^ 

36 ©37 

36i/2©37i4 

36 ©36?'8 

38i/4@39i4 

46i4©47 

52J4©53 



1874. 


No. 2 Corn. 


5314 © 531/2 


5714 @ 58M 


57% © 5814 


56X @ 561/i 


57% @ 58% 


61^ ©61% 


61 14 © 62% 


65V4 © 65% 


641^ ©6514 


61% @ 62?8 


56I4 @ 5714 


61% ©6214 


58% ©59 


61% ©62 


61 @ 63V4 


&i%©65i^ 


67% @ 69 


76;!^ ©76% 


81 ©83% 


72^ © 73 


7114 © 72 


753^ © 76J4 


73 ©75 


76 © 771^ 



1875. 
No. 2 Com. 



1876. 
No. 2 Corn. 



66 © 661.^ 


65y2 © 66^4 


645^ @ 64% 


6214 © 621/2 


64% © 645'i 


6654® 67 


67% © 68>i 


72% © 731/2 


76 ® "iWi 


im @ 72/2 


62% @ 64^ 


6914 © 71 


67% @ 6814 


68 ©70 


70% © 71 


641/2 © 66 


62 ©6354 


60% © 61 


55>^ © 56 


55% © 56% 


51% ©51% 


51 ©51% 


4714 © 48% 


49 © 4914 



-. ©43% 
40i4@40% 
41k@41% 
42i4@42% 
43i/2@44i4 

46 ©4714 

45i/2@47i4 

45%©46 

47i/o@48 

43%©44i4 

45i/2@46 



44%@45 

45X@45% 

44}^©445i 

429g@43 

45i/2@46 



42%©42% 
42Ji@43 
45 ©4514 
443^@44% 
45%@46i4 



1877. 
No. 2 Com. 



48%@44i4 

43%@44 

42>4@425i 

41%@42 

39%@40% 

39%@40% 



48%@49i4 
51%@52% 
49i4@51 
44%@46 
443^ ©45 14 



49 ©4914 
48 ©48^4 
44 ©4414 
4a%@43i4 
43%@44J^ 
42^4©42% 

42 ©4214 
4414@44% 
....©4514 
42%@42% 

43 ©4314 



OATS. 



January... 
February.. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October ... 
November. 
December. 



1871. 


1872. 


1873. 


1874. 


1875. 


No. 2 Oats. 


No. 2 Oats. 


No. 2 Oats. 


No. 2 Oats. 


No. 2 Oats. 


39 ©39% 


31%®32% 


24%©24% 


38i4®38% 


52%®53 


41%®41% 


325t@32% 


25i4®25% 


41i4®41i/2 


52%@52% 


45i/2@46% 


32i4©32i/2 


25%©25^8 


42 ©43 


52%©52% 


48i4@'49 


32i.4©32% 


26%©26% 


42 ©4214 


52%©52% 


■18%®49 


31M©32 


26 ©26% 


42%©43i4 


53%@54 


49%©51 


28%©30% 


26i4©26% 


43>ir@44^4 


53i4@53/2 


48i4@50i/2 


30%©32 


a4i/2©27 


42%®44% 


55%@55% 


47i/2®49 


31i4©Bl)^ 


26%©27% 


46i/2®46% 


60i4@60% 


47i4@48 


35%©35?-8 


30%©31% 


46%©46% 


62^^©62% 


48%@49i4 


39 ©39% 


32%©33% 


47 ©47% 


63%@64 


48 ©48% 


41 ©41% 


30%®31% 


43%©45 


57i4@o7% 


49 ©49% 


33 ©41 


25%@S6% 


46i/2©47 


58i4@59 


46i4©47% 


26?'8@27 


29%@30 


42 ©43% 


52 ©52% 


49i4@50i4 


27%@28 


28i4@28% 


51%©52% 


483^@50% 


28%@30 


27 ©27% 


26i/2@26% 


©50 


52 ©54% 


30 ©3014 


27%©28 


27%@28 


37i4©37% 


38%©38% 


29i4@29% 


25%@26 


27%@27% 


40 ©40% 


34 ©35^ 


30%©30% 


24%®24% 


29%@:30i4 


48 ©48% 


37 ©37% 


29%®30i4 


22i4©23% 


29 ©30 


50 ©50% 


34 ©3514 


31%®31% 


21i4@21% 


30%©31% 


45%©46% 


33%©a3% 


30 @:30y8 


20%@21ii 


29%@29% 


46%@47 


31%@31% 


31%©32 


21%@22 


30 ©30% 


49?'8©50 


30%@31 


31%®31% 


24 ©24% 


34%©34% 


52i^@53% 


30%@30% 


32 ©32% 


2414@24% 


38i4@38% 


53i4©53^8 


29%©30 



1876. 1877. 

No. 2 Oats. No. 2 Oats. 



30 ©3014 

30%@309s 

30%©30% 

31i4©31>^ 

31''2©31% 

32%@33 

32%©33i4 

30 ®32K 

30i4®J0% 

30%®31 

28i4©28% 

29%@50 

29%@30 

27 ©2734 

30 ©30% 

....©30 

30%©31 

33 ©33% 

3:334@33% 

32J4@32^ 

32%®32%" 

32%@:J3i4 

33 ©33% 

33%©33% 



33%®34% 

35%@.35% 
.-..©35 
33 ©3314 
33 ©33% 
31 ©^3>8' 
37%©38i4 
40%©41i^ 
41 ©41% 
37i,^©37% 
38i4@38% 
33 ©3314 
-..-©31% 



24 ©24% 
23%©24>^ 

24i^©24% 
23%©23% 
23%©23% 
24%@245^ 
253^@25% 
24%©24% 
24%®24i4 



66 



RATES OF INSPECTION. 



GRAIN. 



For inspecting grain from cars, per car $0 25 

For inspecting grain from wagons, per load 10 

For inspecting grain aboard of vessels, per M bushels 40 

For inspecting grain from canal boats - 40 

For inspecting grain in sacks, per bushel 3^ 

For inspecting grain to cars, in bulk, per car 30 

For inspecting grain to teams, per car 30 

For inspecting grain to teams, per load 10 

FLOUR. 

For inspecting flour, per barrel $0 02 

For inspecting flour, per sack 01 

PROVISIONS. 

For inspecting beef and pork — for the first five barrels, per barrel 1 00 

For inspecting beef and pork — for each additional barrel 50 

For inspecting bulk or boxed meats, per M pounds 25 

For inspecting lard, tallow and grease, per package 05 

For stnpping lard, tallow and grease, per package 1 00 

HIGHWINES. 
For inspecting highwines, per barrel 10 



WEIGHMASTER'S TARIFF OF PRICES 



Sundries, weighed on platform and beam scales, and handled at the expense of the 

Weighmaster, will be charged as follows: 

Grain, seed, beans, potatoes, and similar articles, in bags, per bag f 02 

Sugar, in hogsheads and boxes, per 100 pounds 02 

Salt, in sacks, per 100 pounds 02 

Pig iron and lead, per 100 pounds 03 

Bulk or boxed meats, per 100 pounds - 02 

Broom com, in lots of 50 bales or more, per bale 06 

Broom corn, in lots of less than 50 bales, per bale 07 

Wool, per sack, in lots of 50 or more - 07 

Wool, per sack, in lots of less than 50 08 

Coal and salt, per ton .- 05 

Lard, tallow, grease and stearine, per package .i. 05 

Butter and lard, in kegs, each. 04 

Dressed hogs, each ..- 02 

Salt, sugar, dried fruit, and similar articles, per barrel 04 

For weighing grain to vessels, by cargo, from elevators, per M bushels 25 

For weighing grain from canal boats, per boat 1 00 



P^-J 



RULES GOVERNING THE INSPECTION OF GRAIN 

IN THE CITY OF CHICAGO. 
In force from and after August 10, 1877. 



The following are the rules adopted by the Board of Railroad and Warehouse Com- 
missioners, establishing a standard of grades for the inspection of grain, under the 
authority of the State of Illinois : 

WINTER WHEAT. 

No. 1 White Wintek Wheat shall be pure White Winter Wheat, sound, plump 
and well cleaned. 

No. 2 White Winter Wheat shall be pure White Winter Wheat, *sound and 
reasonably clean. 

No. 1 Red Winter Wheat shall be pure Winter Wheat, red, or red and white 
mixed, sound, plump and well cleaned. 

No. 3 Red Winter Wheat shall be pure Winter Wheat, red, or red and white 
mixed, sound and reasonably clean. 

Amber Wheat, Nos. 1 and 3, shall include the lighter colored varieties of Red 
Wheat; quality and condition to be equal to the present standard of Nos. 1 and 2 
Red Winter Wheat! 

No. 3 Winter Wheat shall include Winter Wheat not clean and plump enough 
for No. 2, and weighing not less than 54 pounds to the measured bushel. 

Rejected Winter Wheat shall include Winter Wheat damp, musty, or from 
any cause so badly damaged as to render it unfit for No. 3. 

SPRING WHEAT. 

No. 1 Hard Spring Wheat shall be sound, plump and well cleaned. 

No. 2 Hard Spring Wheat shall be sound, reasonably clean and of good milhng 
quality. 

No. 1 Spring Wheat shall be sound, plump and well cleaned. 

No. 3 Spring Wheat shall be sound, reasonably clean, and of good milling quality. 

No. 3 Spring Wheat shall include all inferior, shrunken or dirty Spring Wheat, 
weighing not less than 53 pounds to the measured bushel. 

Rejected Spring Wheat shall include Spring Wheat damp, musty, grown, 
badly bleached, or for any other cause which renders it unfit for No. 3. 

In case of mixture of Spring and Winter Wheat, it will be called Spring Wheat, 
and graded according to the quality thereof. 

Black Sea and Flinty Ppife Wheat shall in no case be inspected higher than 
No. 2,, and Rice Wheat no higher than Rejected. 

CORN. 

No. 1 Yellow Corn shall be yellow, sound, dry, plump and well cleaned. 
No. 1 White Corn shall be white, sound, dry, plump and well cleaned. 



68 

No. 1 CoKN shall be sound, dry, plump and well cleaned, white and yellow un- 
mixed with red. 

High Mixed Corn shall be three-quarters yellow and equal to No. 2 in condition 
and quality. 

No. 3 Corn shall be dry, reasonably clean, but not plump enough for No. 1. 

No. 2 Kiln Dried Corn shall be sound, plump and well cleaned, White or Yel- 
low. All kiln-dried corn not good enough for No. 2 kiln-dried shall be graded as 
Rejected kiln-dried Corn. 

New High Mixed Corn shall be three-fourths yellow, of any age, reasonably dry, 
and reasonably clean, but not sufficiently dry for "High Mixed or No. 2." 

New Mixed Corn may be less than three-fourths yellow, of any age, and shall 
be reasonably dry and reasonably clean, but not sufficiently dry for No. 2. 

Rejected —All damp, dirty or otherwise badly damaged Com shall be graded as 
Rejected. 

OATS. 

No. 1 Oats shall be white, sound, clean, and reasonably free from other grain.' 

No. 2 White Oats shall be three-quarters white and equal to No. 1 in all other 

respects. 

No. 2 Oats shall be sound, reasonably clean, and reasonably free from other grain. 

Rejected — All Oats, damp, unsound, dirty or for any other cause unfit for No. 2, 

shall be graded as Rejected. 

RYE. 

No. 1 Rye shall be sound, plump and well cleaned. ' 

No. 2 Rye shall be sound, reasonably clean, and reasonably free from other grain. 

Rejected — All Rj'e, damp, musty, dirty, or from any cause unfit for No. 2, shall 

be graded as Rejected. 

BARLEY. 

No. 1 Barley shall be plump, bright, sound, clean, and free from other grain. 

No. 2 Barley shall be sound, bright, not plump enough for No. 1, reasonably 
clean, and reasonably free from other grain. 

Extra No. 3 Barley shall include slightly shrunken and otherwise slightly dam- 
aged Barley not good enough for No. 2. 

No. 3 Barley shall include shrunken, or otherwise damaged Barley, weighing not 
less than 41 pounds to the measured bushel. 

Feed Barley shall include all Barley which is damp or from any cause badly 
damaged or unfit for malting purposes, or which is largely mixed with other grain. 



The word "new" shall be inserted in each certificate of inspection of a newly 
harvested crop of Oats until the 15th day of August; of Rye, until the 1st day of 
September; of Wheat until the 1st day of November; and of Barley until the 1st day 
of May of each year. This change shall be construed as establishing a new grade for 
the time specified, to conform in every particular to the existing grades of grain, ex- 
cepting the distinctions of "new" and "old." 

All grain that is warm or that is in a heating condition, or is otherwise unfit for 
warehousing, shall not be graded. 

All Inspectors shall make their reasons for grading grain, when necessary, fully 
known by notations on their books. The weight alone shall not determine the grade. 

Each Inspector is required to ascertain the weight per measured bushel of each lot 
of wheat inspected by him, and note the same in his book. 



r 



69 

Any person who shall assume to act as an Inspector of Grain, who has not first 
been so appointed and sworn, shall be held to be an impostor, and shall be punished 
by a fine of not less than $50 nor more than $100 for each and every attempt to so 
inspect grain, to be recovered before a justice of the peace. 

Any duly authorized Inspector of Grain, who shall be guilty of neglect of duty, or 
who shall knowingly or carelessly inspect or grade any grain improperly, or who shall 
accept any money or other consideration, directly or indirectly, for any neglect of 
duty or the improper performance of any duty as Inspector of Grain, and any person 
who shall improperly influence any Inspector of Grain in the performance of his 
duties as such Inspector, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, on convic- 
tion, shall be fined in a sum of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, in the dis- 
cretion of the court, or shall be imprisoned in the county jail not less than three nor 
more than twelve months, or both, in the discretion of the court. 

AH Assistant Inspectors, when upon duty, shall wear a badge furnished by the 
Chief Inspector, plainly designating the position of each in the department. 

The said Chief Inspector, and all persons inspecting grain under his direction, shall 
in no case make the grade of grain above that of the poorest quality found in any 
lot of grain when it has evidently been mixed or doctored for the purpose of deception. 

All persons employed in the inspection of grain shall report all attempts to defraud 
the system of grain inspection as established by law. They shall also ref)ort to the 
said Chief Inspector, in writing, aU instances where warehousemen deliver or attempt 
to deliver, grain of a lower grade than that called for by the warehouse receipt. They 
shall also report all attempts of receivers or shippers of grain to instruct or in any way ~ 
influence the action or opinion of the Inspector, and the Chief Inspector shall report 
all such cases to the Commissioners. 

Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners of Illinois. — Wm. M. Smith, J. H. 
Oberly, George M. Bogue. 

Chief Inspector of Grain. — W. H. Swett. 

Committee of Appeals on Grain Inspections.— P. W. Dater, S. D. Foss, T. 
H. Sevmour. 



70 



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n 



STATEMENT 

Showing the Capacity of Elevator Warehouses for the Storage of Grain in 
the City of Chicago, December 31, 1877. 



Name op Elevator. 



Central Elevator A 

Central Elevator B 

C. B. &Q,. Elevator A...- 

C. B. & Q. Elevator B 

C. B. &Q,. Elevator C— 

Rock Island Elevator A 

Rock Island Elevator B 

Galena Elevator 

Air Line Elevator 

Northwestern Elevator 

Fulton Elevator 

City Elevator 

Union Elevator 

Illinois River Elevator 

National Elevator 

Chicago & St. Louis Elevator.. 

Neeley 's Elevator 

Chicago & Danville Elevator .. 
Chicago & Pacific Elevator 



Proprietors. 



J. & E. Buckingham 

J. & E. Buckingham 

Armour, Dole & Co 

Armour, Dole & Co 

Armour, Dole & Co 

Flint, Thompson & Co... 
Flint, Thompson & Co... 
Munger, Wheeler & Co... 
Hunger, Wheeler & Co... 
Munger, Wheeler & Co. .. 
Munger, Wheeler & Co... 
Munger, Wheeler & Co... 
Munger, Wheeler & Co... 

Wm. Dickinson & Co. 

Vincent & Co 

Vincent & Co 

Vincent & Co 

Vincent & Co 

A. B. Smith 



Receive from 



111. Cent. R. R 

111. Cent. R. R 

C. B. & Q. R. R 

C. B. & Q. R. R 

C. B. & Q. R. R 

C. R. I. & P. R. R. and Canal 

C. R. I. & P. R. R. and Canal 

C. &N. W. R.W 

C. &N. W. R. W 

C. & N. W. R. W. and Canal 

C. & N. W. R. W. and Canal..... 

Railroads and Canal .*. 

Railroads and Canal 

Canal 

Railroads and Canal 

Railroads and Canal 

Railroads and Canal 

Railroads 

Chicago & Pacific R. R 



Total capacity. 



Capacity, 
bushels. 



1 



,000.000 
,500.000 
,250,000 
850.000 
,750,000 
750,000 
,250,000 
750.000 
750,000 
600,000 
300,000 
,000.000 
700.000 
200,000 
.000,000 
,000,000 
600,000 
400,000 
70.000 



15,720,000 



PUBLISHED RATES OF STORAGE ON GRAIN FOR 1878, 

Or until further notice. 



On 



Grain Received in Bulk. 

If inspected in good condition when received — 

For the first ten days, or part thereof 

For each additional ten days, or part thereof. 

If condemned as unmerchantable when received ■ 

For the first ten days, or part thereof 

For each additional five days, or part thereof. 



In cents 
per bush. 



H 



From November 15 to April 15 the above rates will be charged on Grain in good condition until four 
(4) cents per bushel has accrued, after which no additional storage will be charged during the time named 
so long as the Grain remains in good condition. 



72 



VISIBLE SUPPLY OF GRAIN. 



The following Statement embraces the stocks of Grain on hand weekly at Boston, New York, Phila- 
delphia, Baltimore, Albany, Oswego, Buffalo, Toledo, Detroit, Chicago, Milwaukee, "Duluth, Peoria, St. 
Louis, Indianapolis and Kansas City, in the United States, and Montreal and Toronto, in Canada, as 
compiled and reported by the New York Produce Exchange. The stocks afloat in New York in the winter 
months, and that in transit as reported from the most prominent points of shipment, are included in the 
weekly aggregates. 



Dates. 



January... 
February.. 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August — 
September 

October ... 
November. 
December . 



6 

13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 

14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

8 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



12.367,&38 

12,44:3,077 

12,238,969 

11,921,143 

11,892,067 

11,400,099 

11,088.627 

10,823,124 

10,779,145 

10,511.866 

10,141,070 

9,687.450 

9,351.582 

8.461,436 

8,160,624 

7,490,275 

6,786,507 

5,969,105 

5,208.622 

5,123,3.37 

5,184,000 

4,670,007 

4,413,922 

4.044,691 

3,242,146 

2,924,795 

2,.331,860 

2,069.842 

1,982.039 

1,975.455 

2,000.262 

2,296,861 

2,997,149 

3,867,726 

4,346,537 

5,143,958 

6.315,205 

7.502.163 

8,468,949 

10.180.7.58 

10974,544 

11.322,164 

10,.364,287 

9 513.205 

9,815,765 

11,412.2.35 

12,813,752 

11,56:3,573 

10,397,158 

10.279,269 

10 540,117 

10,191.121 



Com, 
bushels. 



10.491.993 

11,350,585 

11,783,068 

12,359,483 

12,818,363 

11,496,796 

11,077.124 

11,470,713 

12,208,880 

11,920,020 

11,499,-354 

10.495.835 

9,912,334 

10,044,089 

9,847,671 

8,735,957 

8,879,144 

9,677 806 

9,386,307 

10,419 483 

10,426,924 

10,030,500 

10..376,741 

10,775.026 

10,410,176 

9,845.173 

9.189,468 

8,172,069 

9,556,541 

9,4.39.891 

9,626.216 

10,352,283 

10,904.629 

11,6:34.0.34 

12,038,370 

10,516 488 

11,084.248 

10 858,172 

11,238 348 

11, .362,559 

10.558,764 

10,4.39,577 

9,653,0:35 

9,560.843 

8,260.919 

7,920.243 

7,5:35,46:3 

6 751,792 

5,424,171 

5.:388 651 

5,952,763 

6,009.796 



Oats, 

bushels. 



Rye, 
bushels. 



3,5:35.275 
3,566,663 
3,404,087 
3,158,306 
3,222,241 
3,067,030 
3,073.060 
2,825,991 
2,902,144 
3,012,211 
2,950,090 
2,825,399 
2,771,564 
2.5''0,306 
2,336,713 
2,157,565 
1.919,956 
1,961,677 
1,905,656 
2,192,778 
2,302.046 
2,3.39,862 
2,213.546 
2,414,833 
2,409 510 
2,4.37.&34 
2,334:877 
2,141,348 
1,880,756 
1,812,092 
1,531,3.39 
1,629,:385 
2 001,909 
2,341,265 
2.635,721 
2,632,815 

2 680,931 
3,.368.966 
3,802 968 
4,080,663 
4,150,341 
3,850 969 
3,727,077 
3.543,860 
3.698,933 
3,579.044 
3.982,207 
4 054.379 
3.573,267 
3,705,473 

3 535,.366 
3,351,452 



1,002,442 
1,047,485 
1,027,715 
1,087,149 
1,045,468 
1.066,324 
1,073.022 
968,339 
915,688 
900.269 
783.052 
766,.516 
752,888 
798.626 
r95.1'B6 
683.230 
603.427 
708,262 
686.406 
746,981 
664.560 
610,747 
586,42S 
536.709 
402.513 
342,675 
321,463 
256,070 
179,754 
195.745 
320,228 
453,220 
449,952 
619.100 
6:36.216 
553,606 
586,006 
597.695 
579,440 
634,539 
673,969 
644.889 
585,211 
674,228 
653,444 
712,391 
751,928 
705,933 
608,072 
6.30,649 
660,;389 
678,367 



Barley, 
bushels. 



5.243,123 

4,984,428 

4.';S3..361 

4,482,738 

4,229,010 

3,997.446 

3.865,435 

3.385,918 

3,478,162 

3,163 414 

3,002,998 

2,700,125 

2,543.829 

2.223,965 

1,838,476 

1,475,261 

1,300,536 

1,199,492 

1,042 431 

899.806 

849,696 

740,585 

694 625 

5:35 073 

461.049 

410,663 

4.58.906 

392.703 

360,416 

34:3.243 

268,826 

233,418 

246,562 

265,411 

3.30.045 

533.784 

744,635 

993,851 

1.489,853 

2.114,639 

2,403,731 

2,622,4.37 

2,591 634 

3,042.579 

3.248.364 

3,804,627 

4,764,035 

5 262,009 

4,704,757 

4.665,710 

4,556,669 

4,548,000 



DETAILED STATISTICS 



TRADE AND COMMERCE OF THE CITY OF CHICAGO, 



Flour, Gkain, Live Stock, Provisions, Coal, Lumber, "WooL; 
Hides, Seeds, Highwines, Etc. 

■w;iTH 

PEICES-CrREEXI FOR TARIOUS LEADDfG ARTICLES, FREIGHTS, ETC., 

S'OK THE XEAR 1877. 



74 



STATEMENT 



Showing the Value mid Duties Collected on Imported Goods at Cliicago 

during the year 1877. 



Class of Goods. 



Dry Goods 

Barley 

Chemicals 

Pig Iron 

Tin Plate 

Salt 

Cigars and Tobacco 

Toys and Fancy Goods 

China, Glass and Earthenware 

Fruits and Nuts 

Musical Merchandise 

Metal, Manufactures of 

Wines and Liquors 

Plate and Window Glass 

Pickles, Sauces, etc 

Books 

Millinery Goods 

Jewelers' Goods 

Ale, Beer and Porter 

Looking-glass Plates 

Drugs and Drug Sundries 

Seeds 

Smokers' Articles 

Miscellaneous 



Value. 


Duties 
Collected. 


$1,681,939 00 


$902,928 42 


203,777 00 


43,293 82 


170.480 00 


40,337 58 


166,960 00 


37.125 61 


163,965 00 


38,608 83 


. 118,190 00 


56,908 10 


04,232 00 


78,551 34 


77,258 00 


27,531 16 


72,263 00 


34,925 00 


59,751 00 


21,590 43 


57,513 00 


14,514 52 


42,052 00 


16,308 63 


41.300 00 


40,420 36 


35,999 00 


14,811 16 


34.622 00 


14,604 73 


34,474 00 


6,132 15 


30.544 00 


14,932 20 


26,614 00 


4,150 18 


20,814 00 


6,781 38 


17,799 00 


5,544 76 


17.665 00 


5,942 72 


13,725 00 


2.697 54 


7.586 00 


5,110 68 


75,449 00 


14,953 71 


$3,264,971 00 


$1,448,705 01 



STATEMENT 

Shoiving the Amount of Duties Collected at the Custom House at Chicago 
on Foreign Importations dzcring the last Four Years. 



Months. 



January , . 
February . 

March 

April 

May 

June- , 

July 

August 

September 
October .-. 
November. 
December . 

Totals. 



Collected in 

1877. 



$84,365 03 

161,616 40 

176,691 32 

119,254 70 

96,.509 04 

59,665 9.'5 

66,092 75 

234,295 07 

181,083 05 

124,299 95 

78,284 57 

66,547 18 



$1,448,705 01 



Collected in 
1876. 



$80,230 23 

187,528 49 

208,630 65 

141,903 03 

106,861 58 

58.608 64 

75.278 81 

182.350 70 

168,728 24 

101,843 36 

92,271 81 

50,490 31 



$1,454,725 85 



Collected in 
1875. 



$70,743 14 

209,067 75 

182,315 20 

115,707 89 

89,065 97 

79,463 27 

79,291 38 

209,071 38 

213.841 29 

150,265 19 

124,627 17 

85,697 58 



$1,609,157 21 



Collected in 
1874. 



$74,306 64 

149,906 41 

181,577 83 

116,855 92 

87,343 28 

46,857 71 

84,741 45 

178,121 20 

186,806 02 

123,331 61 

71,436 24 

57,212 31 



$1,358,496 62 



?^ 



ARTICLES IMPORTED AT CHICAGO 

(DUTY PAYING) 

During the year 1877. 



Abticles. 



Ale, Beer and Porter 

Argols 

Artificial Flowers 

Artists' Materials 

Aniline Colors 

Barley 

Baskets 

Bitters (Medicinal) 

Books 

Brandy 

Brandy 

Broom Handles 

Bar Iron 

Currants 

Cheese 

Champagne 

Champagne 

Cod Liver Oil 

Clay Pipes 

China Ware 

Cigars 

Chlorate of Potash 

Caustic Soda - 

Drugs and Druggists' Sund 

Dry Goods _ 

Earthenware 

Fire-Wood 

Pigs 

Glassware 

Granite 

Gin 

Gin 

Green Hides 

Hardware - 

Herrings 

Jewelers' Goods 

Leaf Tobacco 

Lumber 



Quantities. 



Packages.. 

Casks 

Cases 

Cases 

Packages . . 

Bushels 

Cases 

Cases 

Cases 

Cases 

Casks 

Number ... 
Number ... 

Barrels 

Boxes 

Cases 

Baskets ... 

Casks 

Boxes 

Cases 

Cases 

Kegs 

Drums 

Packages . - 
Packages . . 
Packages.. 

Cords 

Packages . . 
Packages . . 

Cases 

Cases 

Casks 

Bundles ... 
Packages . . 

Barrels 

Packages . . 

Bales 

Feet 



2,069 

86 

177 

34 

32 

281,243 

34 

140 

175 

92 

188 

5,700 

3,171 

4,214 

50 

146 

8 

24 

3.000 

226 

300 

105 

1,246 

191 

4.952 

1,060 

2.34 

256 

419 

21 

515 

152 

121 

120 

2,874 

79 

672 

621,000 



Abticles. 



Quantities. 



Looking Glass Plates 

Maple Sugar , 

Musical Instruments. 

Miscellaneous 

Mustard 

Needles 

Nutmegs 

Oatmeal , 

Olive Oil 

Olive Oil 

Oil Paintings 

Peas 

Pickles, Sauces, etc... 

Pig Iron 

Plate Glass 

Pepper 

Baisins 

Rum — 

Rum... 

Saffron 

Salt 

Salt 

Salt 

Soda Ash , 

Smokers' Articles 

Sheet Iron 

Seeds 

Toys '. 

Tin Plate 

Tiles 

Wine 

Wine 

Whisky 

Whisky 

Window Glass 

Wrapping Paper 

Wire Rope 



Cases 

Barrels 

Cases* 

Packages . . 
Packages . 

Cases. 

Boxes 

Barrels 

Cases 

Casks 

Cases '.. 

Bushels ... 
Packages . . 

Tons 

Cases 

Bags 

Boxes 

Cases 

Casks 

Cases 

Tons 

Sacks , 

Hogsheads 

Casks 

Cases 

Bundles ... 
Packages . , 
Packages . 

Boxes 

Casks 

Casks 

Cases 

Casks 

Cases 

Boxes 

Bundles ... 
Coils 



143 

377 

1,098 

835 

107 

5 

282 

50 

215 

21 

26 

2,848 

2.602 

6,233 

67 

635 

38,095 

48 

21 

3 

17.271 

106.246 

60 

3,521 

27 

109 

812 

1,100 

31,015 

28 

411 

1,304 

40 

40 

2,179 

702 

48 



'^iii£ii^Jia^i£lri-^vrJ^JaJs.sl^}4i. •. If .■= : i 



76 



STATEMENT 

Showing the Value of and Duty on Foreign Goods Warehoused each month 
during the year 1877 ; the Value of and Duty on Goods withdrawn each 
month ; and the Value of and Duty on Goods remaining in Warehouse 
December 31, 1877. 



Months. 



Amount in Warehouse De- 
cember 31, 1876 

Warehoused in January ... 
* February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November . 

December . 



Totals 



Value. 



Duty. 



$217,211 OO 
130,922 00 
242,676 00 
207,055 00 
165.882 00 
142,241 00 
80,733 00 
44 627 00 
223,479 00 
111,408 00 
113,0.36 00 
102,907 OOj 
111,146 00 



$124,142 30 
48.471 95 
112,417 54 
96,22:3 34 
68,433 21 
34,122 901 
32.882 67[ 
17,988 79! 
125,576 24 
67,140 611 
55,449 03! 
47,877 771 
52,947 66' 



$1,893,323 OOl S88;i,674 01 



Months. 



Withdrawn from Warehouse 

in 1877: 
In January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July , 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 

Remaining in Warehouse 

December 31, 1877 



Totals... 



Value. 



$126,903 00 

185,702 00 

208,673 00 

205,215 00 

162,672 00 

67,059 00 

73.734 00 

172.256 00 

156,899 00 

101,168 00 

74,457 00 

76,386 00 

282.199 00 



$1.893,;323 00 



Duty. 



$49,094 51 
76,582 03 
94,085 85 
85,196 19 
51.589 20 
28,222 87 
33,060 62 
96,016 57 
90,158 36 
54.582 48 
34.949 05 
.35.997 06 

154,1.39 22 



$883,674 01 



DETAILED STATEMENT 

Of the Collections of Internal Revenue in the First Collection District of 
the State of Illinois for the year ending December 31, 1877. 





Tax- Paid 


Spt. Stamps 


Tobacco, 


Beer 
Stamps. 


Special 


Lists, 




1877. 


Spirit Stamps 


other than 
Tax Paid. 


Cigar and 
Snuff Stamps 


Tax 
Stamps. 


Penalties, 
etc. 


Total. 


January 


$665 342 10 


$2,767 10 


$126,752 88 ' 


$18,985 62 


$907 29 


$3,521 19 


$818,276 18 


February . . . 


490.652 10 


2,666 00 


108,879 13 


18,481 50 


1,005 21 


74 06 


621,758 00 


March 


530 584 20 


2.385 70 


127,072 52 


21,187 13 


795 42 


10 59 


682,035 56 


April 


5a3 934 82 


3,155 50 


126,715 57 


23,841 88 


26.308 13 


12 90 


683,998 80 


May 


449,301 60 


2,272 70 


134,007 15 


29,798 88 


115.00:3 97 


61 20 


730,445 50 


Jnne 


480,538 08 


3,104 .30 


125.978 08 


30.729 50 


12.928 97 


305 62 


653,583 55 


July 


467.821 80 


1,750 30 


122.249 95 


35,848 37 


4,295 20 


30.050 69 


662.016 31 


August 


671,188 50 


1,754 50 


129,749 60 


34,262 00 


4,403 54 


■ 652 58 


842.010 72 


September.. 


748,320 30 


1,977 80 


123,059 35 


30,802 50 


7,564 77 


6,735 62 


918,460 34 


October 


646,645 50 


1,972 .30 


1-26,495 61 


27.407 75 


3,562,71 


1,463 93 


807,547 80 


November.. 


58'i,.589 50 


2,159 00 


112 151 88 


23,717 00 


2,127 50 


372 79 


726.117 67 


December .. 


536,160 60 


2,386 10 


92,882 08 


25,50125 


1,974 58 


212 73 


659,118 34 


Grand Total 


$6,776,079 10 


$28,351 .30 


$1,455,993 80 


$320,562 38 


$180,907 29 


$43,473 90 


$8,805,368 77 


Collect 


ions for the ye 
e 


ar ending D 


ecember 31, 18 


76 






7,853,507 18 










Increas 


$951,861 65 

















7T 



STATEMENT 

Of the Receipts and Disbursements of the United States Sub-Treasury at 

Chicago during the year 1877. 



Receipts. 


Disbursements. 




$3,172,038 98 

11,287,925 26 

8.914,631 33 

7.733,:i47 37 

3,660,000 00 

1,785,942 76 

1,517,635 15 

1,139,265 06 

1,055.290 91 

929,838 64 

322,695 18 

163.464 00 

32,875 88 

28,272 94 

9,849 25 

110 87 

138,787 33 

1,915 79 


Treasury Drafts - 


$11,410,816 07 


On account of Internal Revenue 

On account of Currency Transfers. . . 
On account of Disbursing Officres... 
On account of Certificates of Deposit 

On account of Customs (Coin) 

On account of Transfers (Coin) 

Oh account Disbursing Ofllcers (Coin) 

On nfpnmit of Crnld Sftlos 


Transfers (Currency) - . __ _. -. 


9.410,132 95 


Disbursing Officers 


8,158.307 52 


Certificates Deposits Redeemed] 

Post Office Warrants- .- 


2,485.000 00 
1,176,476 75 


Transfers (Coin) 


1,154,772 17 


Diebursinff Officers (Coin) 


1,116,180 38 


Gold Sales -- 


1,017,046 50 


Treasurer's Drafts (Coin) 


393.956 37 


On account of Post Office Dep't 

On account Four per ct. Funded Loan 


Interest (Coin) i 


192.051 17 
13,020 10 


Balance on hand December 31, 1877. 


5,366,126 71 






On account of Customs (Currency).- 
On aooonnt of Land Sales - , 




On account of Patent Fees 




On account of Secretary, Special 

IVfiRcellaneoiis (^Currencv) 














$41,893,886 69 


$41,893,886 69 



STATEMENT 

Showing the Clearings of the Chicago Banks for the years 1876 and 1877. 



1876. 


1877. 


January. February and March 


$279,797,877 07 
274,434,800 36 
255,844,018 54 
300,016,928 40 


January, February and March 

April, May and June 


$265,300,582 06 
264.147.656 33 


July, August and September 

October, November and December. 


July, August and September 

October, November and December 

Totals 


250.536.661 37 
264.693,575 94 


Total a 


$1,110,093,624 37 


$1,044,678,475 70 









78 



IMPORTATIONS OF TEA AND COFFEE. 

. (DUTY FREE.) 

The following Statement, compiled by Messrs. Moseback & Humphrey, commission merchants and 
brokers in tea and coffee. No. 42 Wabash Avenue, shows the amount of direct importations of Tea and 
Coffee by Chicago merchants during the year 1877, with comparative aggregates of previous years. 

This Statement embraces only such shipments as were consigned direct to Chicago from foreign 
ports, and does not include consignments to Chicago merchants from points in this country or in Canada, 
nor the importations by Chicago merchants disposed of without reaching this city. 



IMPORTATIONS OF TEA. 



Mode op SnirMENT. 



Steamer, via San Francisco 

" Suez Canal 

Sail vessels, via San Francisco 
" New York 

Total half chests, 1877 

" 1876 

" 1875 

1874 



Japans. 


Greens. 


Oolongs 

and 

Souchongs. 

4,717 

521 

1,118 


Total. 


40,962 

1,053 

1.349 

143 


17,880 
718 

'2,275 


63,559 
2.292 
2,467 
2,418 


43,507 
43,917 
27,.343 
25,170 


20,873 

19,654 

17,.3.39 

7,.350 


6,356 
7,421 
1,225 


70,736 
70,992 
45,907 
32,520 



IMPORTATIONS OF COFFEE. 



Mode op Shipment. 



Steamers 

Sail vessels . . . 

Total, 1877 

1876 

1875 

" 1874 



Rio, 
bags. 



3,000 
45,340 



48,340 
32,545 
40,211 
22,666 



Santos, 
bags. 



1.840 
1,226 



3.066 
3,873 

7,827 



Java, 
mats. 



10,010 



10,010 
6,007 
5,199 



Ceylon, 

cwts. 



2,350 
1,400 
4,745 



Singapore, 
mats. 



1,1 



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81 



FURTHER DETAILS OF DIRECT EXPORTS. 

Of the shipments noted on the previous page via Michigan Central Railroad, about 83,000 tons were 
forwarded by the " Foreign Freight Agency of the Michigan Central and Great Western Railways," 
about 48,000 tons of which were exported via Boston, 30,000 tons via New York, and the remainder via 
Philadelphia. The Agency of the Grand Trunk Railway Line forwarded hence by Michigan Central Rail- 
road, nearly 19,000 tons, and the " International " and " Canada Southern " Lines, the latter during only 
a short period near the close of the year, each forwarded by the Michigan Central Railroad considerable 
quantities. Of shipments via Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway, 61,500 tons were forwarded by 
the " Merchants' Despatch Transportation Company." This Line also forwarded by Lake nearly 21,000 
tons. Of the shipments hence via Pittsburgh, Ft. Wayne & Chicago Railway, the -'Black Star Line" 
forwarded via Philadelphia 41,823 tons, and via New York 28,623 tons. The " Red Star Line " forwarded 
via Philadelphia 2,694 tons, and via New York 1,363 tons. There was also forwarded by the " Great East- 
ern Line " via Valparaiso and the Grand Trunk Railway 3,020 tons. The " North Atlantic Fast Freight 
Line " forwarded by various railways and Lake from Chicago about 13,000 tons since April 1, a portion of 
which went via the Lake to Erie and thence to Baltimore. Other Transportation Lines, including the 
"Empire," "International," "Erie and Pacific Despatch" and "Great Western Despatch." each for- 
warded smaller amounts, all of which are, however, included in the general aggregate. 

The Agency of the "American Line " of Steamers from Philadelphia billed from Chicago 45,389 tons, 
and the same agency billed via " Red Star Line" of Steamers from Philadelphia 10,125 tons: included in 
these amounts is 364,810 bushels of Grain, a portion of which was shipped hence by Lake. The "Anchor 
Line " Ocean Steamers billed about 30,000 tons, including 323,890 bushels of Grain, 60,000 bushels of 
which was shipped from Chicago by Lake. 



FREIGHT RATES FROM CHICAGO TO EUROPE. 

The following shows the current monthly rates of Freight on Provisions from Chicago to European 
ports during the year 1877 : 



Months. 



To Liverpool, 

in cents, 

per 100 lbs. 



January 70 @84 

February : 48 @75 

March _ 50 @60 

April : 42 @75 

May _ I 62 @80 

June _...| 5654@85 

July ._. I 43'/4@66 

August I 55 @74i/i 



September. 

October 

November . 
December . 



67i/2@75 
62'4@70 
70 @86% 
75 @90 



To Glasgow, ! To Hamburg, i To Antwerp, 

in cents, in cents. in cents, 

per 100 lbs. per 100 lbs. i per 100 lbs. 



80 @86 

64 @85 
62 @,6T/2 
48 @70 
45 @60 
70 @87 
60 @62 
56 @84 

65 @80 
&) @79 
72yMS8 
8iy2@86 



74@. 90 
68® 85 
70® 73 
62® 76 
62® 84 
85® 90 
60® 76 
70® 82^ 
83® 94 
88® 94 
88@104 
89®104 



72 ® 85 

65 @ 78 

66 ® 68 
56 @ 66 
6754® 80 
79 ® 82 
60 @ 80 
68 @ 85 
82 @ 87 
86 ® 95 
92 @100 
88 @ 97 



82 
CHICAGO POST OFFICE. 

Statement ExMMting the Principal Transactions of the Chicago Post Office 

for the year 1877. 



MONET ORDER DIVISION. 

Domestic Money Orders paid - - 467,741 $5,189,755 

Domestic Money Orders issued _ 55.980 967,892 

Remittances received from Depositing Postmasters _ 5.631,809 

Remittances from Chicago to New York __ 1.190.600 

International Money Orders — 

German- - .3,700 83.202 

British _ 3.272 49.977 

Canadian... _. 1.242 20.1.38 

Swiss and Italian 883 23.709 

$13,097,082 

STAMP DIVISION. == 

Received from sales of Postage Stamps and Stamped Envelopes $807,107 

Received from sale of Postal Cards 68.227 

Received from sales of Newspaper and Periodical Postage Stamps 77.814 

$953,148 

REGISTRY DIVISION. 

Registered Packages received addressed to Chicago - - 348,544 

Registered Packages received in transit. 209.180 

557.724 

Registered Letters received addressed to Chicago 271,484 

Registered Letters received in transit 289,034 

Letters Registered at Chicago 34.117 

594,635 

BOX AND GENER.\L DELIVERY DIVISION. 

Letters delivered from boxes and through general delivery 548.310 

Letters advertised 51.429 

Advertised Letters delivered 7.592 

Letters sent to Dead Letter Office 67.973 

Letters returned to writers 43.088 

CARRIER'S DmSION. 

Registered Letters delivered 167.958 

Mail Letters delivered 17,282.642 

Local Letters delivered - 3,101,990 

Letters returned to office _ 60,585 

Mail Postal Cards delivered - 2.919.521 

Local Postal Cards delivered _ 1.7^7.-324 

Newspapers, etc., delivered - 5,302.305 

Letters collected - 19,009,099 

Postal Cards collected 5,210.760 

Newspapers, etc., collected - 5,374.395 

Postage on matter for local delivery _ $85,690 

MAILING DIVISION. 

Pounds. Pieces. 

Letters deposited in Post Office for distribution and dispatch 243.880 13.981,240 

Postal Cards deposited in Post Office for distribution and dispatch.. ... 13.727 2.196.480 

Circulars deposited in Post Office for distribution and dispatch 149,084 8.497,788 

Letters collected from street boxes in the business portion of the city for distribu- 
tion and dispatch - 178.984 10.202.088 



83 
CHICAGO POST OFFICE — Continued. 

Pounds. Pieces. 
Postal Cards collected from street boxes in the business portion of tlie city for dis- 

tribution-and dispatch 11,856 1,898.860 

Circulars collected from street boxes in the business portion of the city for distribu- 
tion and dispatch -- 35,100 2,000,700 

Letters and Postal Cards received from other sources for distribution and dispatch.. 44,121 2,559,018 
Letters and Postal Cards made up by Railway Post Office for dispatch through Chi- 
cago Office 149.a36 8,661,488 

Second-class mail matter received for distribution and dispatch 3,592,650 1T,963,250 

Third-class mail matter received for distribution and dispatch 1,395.992 12,572,928 

Miscellaneous Newspapers and package mail matter received for distribution and 

dispatch 136.875 1.368.750 

Number of locked Mail Bags received 93.440 

Number of locked Mail Bags dispatched 93.440 

Number of Bags of Newspapers, etc., dispatched 341,375 

EUROPEAN MAILS. 

Letters deposited in Chicago Office for dispatch 526,000 

Letters received from other post offices for distribution and dispatch 1,621,000 

Letters received from Foreign Countries for delivery in Chicago _ 300.000 

Letters received from Foreign Countries for distribution and dispatch ---»- 1,519,000 

Sealed Bags of Letter Mails received 10,000 

CANADIAN MAILS. 

Letters deposited in Chicago Office for dispatch 130,000 

Letters received from other post offices for distribution and dispatch 360,000 

Letters received from Canada and the Provinces for delivery in Chicago 91.000 

Letters received from Canada and the Provinces for distribution and dispatch 316,000 

DEAD MAIL MATTER DIVISION. 

Letters held for postage 21,141 

Letters held for better direction 7,960 

Letters returned from hotels ■ 5,659 

Letters fraudulent and fictitious _ 2.813 

Letters containing Coin and Jewelry _ 52 

Pieces held for insufficient postage 25.000 

Pieces held for insufficient postage and returned to sender 24.500 

Pieces (being unmailable) forwarded by E.xpress at request of addressee 100 

Pieces forwarded to Dead Letter Office, Washington. D. C _ 500 

Notices sent advising senders of irregularity in postage or address of ipail matter 9 4.38 

Newspapers thrown in the waste for lack of postage 8,138 



84 



STATEMENT 

Shoioing the Weekly Receipts of Flour and Grain, as posted on the 
Btilletin of the Exchange, for the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January .. 
February . 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July ------ 

August 

September 

October .. 
November 
December 



6 
13 
20 
37 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



Flour, 
barrels. 



53,705 
53.686 
47.a» 
47.226 
47.695 
44,177 
39,758 
37.449 
41,297 
34.287 
33.371 
31.075 
44.401 
51.403 
49.646 
56.298 
60,460 
56,450 
59.260 
49,843 
45.641 
29.621 
35,016 
36.818 
39.860 
40,468 
42.686 
;«.112 
45.402 
27.792 
41.701 
50.051 
36.482 
32.735 
30.526 
34.864 
44.880 
56.:i60 
70,881 
80.192 
79.530 
79,715 
83.844 
78,669 
76.747 
71.649 
81.901 
69.931 
80.068 
76.515 
90.719 
69,2:^9 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



164.691 

174,590 

109,969 

53,267 

84.593 

72,406 

61.731 

61,902 

85,759 

52.686 

39.639 

44.055 

53,;388 

59,681 

55.995 

59,670 

56,557 

47,301 

:M.314 

a3.841 

55.982 

36,230 

22.388 

28.857 

91,140 

92,597 

80.650 

76.435 

90,304 

71.436 

96,701 

119.547 

345.009 

544.217 

540,916 

486.96:3 

788,945 

760.863 

1.032.402 

1,303.215 

915 594 

797.156 

478.594 

699.412 

557.025 

363.997 

472.6&3 

4.56.671 

288.182 

362186 

494,.531 

331,319 



Corn, 
bushels. 



512.002 

809.260 

632,004 

497.264 

5:38.123 

441.520 

294,ia3 

633.311 

687,622 

447.818 

309.769 

394,693 

738,173 

605,520 

665.966 

811,805 

895,586 

1,0.30,426 

969.288 

871,592 

657.619 

1,267,197 

1,020,811 

838.166 

906,196 

744,470 

729.023 

1.054.516 

2,128.724 

1,681.053 

1,696.546 

2.345.571 

2,118,991 

1,861.783 

1,338.&12 

1,156,281 

1.322,828 

1,443.964 

1,301,710 

1,144.344 

846.507 

768.404 

5.35.953 

964.064 

610.829 

648,205 

646,866 

686,962 

417.091 

275.611 

220,8:30 

124,326 



Oats, 
bushels. 



154,841 
137.765 

96,275 
106.145 
145.426 
109,685 
112,155 
200,479 
184,683 
112,984 

94.246 
103.607 
115.023 

75,745 
157,913 
177.780 
225,296 
258,507 
266,602 
267,961 
331.558 
3.53.798 
225.610 
227.338 
.321,285 
315,406 
241.689 
178.404 
229.148 
119,751 
107.486 
:3:34.065 
527.445 
51.3.581 
;397.388 
4:36,445 
588..356 
684,602 
698,389 
642,925 
451,2:39 
282,758 
244,496 
388,026 
309.278 
206.919 
205.761 
176,105 
159,007 
175,469 
147.837 

88,620 



Rye, 
bushels. 



23.577 

.38.445 

26,078 

18.946 

18,450 

9.129 

10.173 

15.522 

17,180 

6,7.35 

3,9.34 

4.617 

10,885 

12,.397 

8.946 

17.090 

25.403 

13.463 

10,888 

23,,563 

11,740 

6.817 

9.735 

8,932 

9.282 

7.202 

4,297 

6,.365 

20.506 

62.52:3 

105.472 

142,785 

125,701 

108,264 

70,228 

80,545 

106,413 

72,719 

72,948 

64.287 

50,684 

:30,888 

32.445 

55,86:3 

29,293 

26,007 

17,.309 

26.2a5 

15.786 

18.863 

18,291 

5,984 



Barley, 
bushels. 



50,058 

65,488 

41,900 

53.327 

50,326 

61,366 

53,982 

109,783 

73,006 

54,087 

54.945 

21.737 

24,845 

30.230 

27.418 

35.407 

44.130 

29.845 

.30.935 

:32.688 

69.a31 

57.087 

25,565 

29.249 

23,558 

14.987 

24,737 

25,593 

13.103 

14,418 

15,029 

22,546 

28.583 

63.954 

116.966 

197,081 

232,567 

254.614 

289.612 

.349.694 

28:3.246 

264.714 

162,425 

249.511 

267.355 

169.960 

209.519 

104.969 

93,208 

111,601 

174,243 

119,117 



85 



STATEMENT 

Showing the Weekly Shipments of Flour and Grain, as jmsted on the Bulletin 

of the Exchange, for the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January ... 
February .. 
March 

April , 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 
December. 



B 
13 
•20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



Flour, 
Barrels. 



58,527 
48.975 
34,126 
66,656 
51,724 
47,407 
39,774 
35.389 
29.190 
38,411 
28,645 
26.540 
41,082 
46,719 
50,901 
61,066 
62,136 
60.524 
67,206 
47,498 
38,300 
32,182 
30,764 
32,567 
a3.760 
39,875 
38.259 
42,903 
43,449 
31.091 
26,617 
46,500 
34,527 
28,713 
26,152 
33,756 
31,202 
46.294 
61,982 
67,199 
65.534 
68,756 
73,553 
68,954 
63,350 
72.593 
75.217 
72,881 
70,754 
65,463 
79.522 
68,924 



Wheat, 
Bushels. 



81,316 

82,842 

46,256 

42,585 

68,761 

108,135 

71,684 

45,441 

57,638 

46,138 

45.366 

53;u32 

58.562 

63.569 

160.681 

167.756 

415.867 

420,603 

259,207 

181,2;i6 

277.495 

310,089 

302,425 

189,432 

91,084 

174.573 

117,249 

177.147 

217,868 

51,606 

96,124 

156,660 

266,552 

443,450 

4a3,024 

629,088 

705,209 

732,449 

638,506 

1,301,906 

1,114,219 

777,773 

374,685 

627,224 

711,858 

616.310 

316,981 

123,251 

84,666 

46.009 

179,334 

192,218 



Corn, 
Bushels. 



320,248 

317,410 

123,370 

235,631 

275.003 

266,527 

234,185 

223,474 

374.593 

306,749 

177,640 

148,989 

269,551 

424.596 

431,038 

710,275 

1,429.505 

2,041,409 

643,693 

626,592 

943,688 

928,314 

1,274,101 

871.838 

1,644,643 

1,037,227 

1,348,891 

1,878,686 

1,917,520 

2,086,759 

1,168,612 

2,538 961 

2,000,085 

2,034,622 

1,752,952 

1,607,032 

1,174.341 

1.005,824 

1,301,136 

1.042,526 

i;]25,080 

1,161,199 

743,098 

844,657 

601,801 

848,166 

567,811 

493.647 

70.799 

159.237 

139,588 

114,a35 



Oats. 
Bushels. 



Rye. 

Bushels. 



Barley, 
Bushels. 



88.979 

93.965 

64 992 

100.177 

75.16:3 

83,7.32 

80,725 

87.887 

111.424 

105,456 

72,847 

66,857 

85,147 

88,730 

194.060 

162,926 

347,257 

420,965 

463,781 

205,950 

205.467 

223 810 

261.214 

249.017 

293,660 

327,100 

184,649 

199.093 

263.688 

103,805 

135,166 

168.025 

459,546 

508.446 

472,359 

355,750 

462.918 

698,684 

685,539 

681,745 

562,986 

418,558 

31i;386 

237,750 

290,698 

329.781 

214,848 

107,512 

83.728 

79,094 

87,002 

48,983 



6,693 

3,968 

2,150 

3,622 

780 

3.591 

3.923 

2,383 

2.445 

2.368 

1,996 

2.020 

7-860 

^11 

2.782 

8.070 

53.742 

55,341 

28.a34 

13.534 

5,203 

16,390 

7.2,39 

4,615 

11,736 

7.081 

84.906 

23,578 

3,.303 

5,701 

68,241 

f56,898 

100.734 

133,790 

72,200 

122,902 

68,780 

97,768 

16.549 

74.562 

72.a39 

22,841 

1.987 

48,415 

38.060 

26.636 

25.429 

39.810 

2,791 

839 



3,944 



57,945 

44.832 

34.280 

64,962 

46.960 

42.307 

47.589 

40.672 

48.988 

66.009 

59,942 

43.820 

38.877 

60,870 

48,747 

30,196 

23.815 

1.38.692 

150,080 

93 645 

108.858 

82,607 

78.997 

5,225 

56,964 

52,213 

4,453 

2,174 

68.320 

1,716 

20,158 

1.410 

6,750 

36,762 

55,087 

80,673 

93.966 

124.381 

217.624 

151,654 

373,432 

241,190 

253.567 

179,247 

61,035 

280.796 

132,511 

123.858 

82,517 

58,512 

72,028 

70,077 



86 



STATEMENT 

Showing the Amount of Flour and Grain in Store, as posted on the Bulletiti, 
of the Exchange loeekly, during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January .. 

February . 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August — 
September 

October... 

November 

* . 

December. 



6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



Flour, 
Barrels. 



63.531 



60.150 



63,900 



61.000 



30.850 



43,960 



42.450 



32.819 



45.;330 



22.190 



56.850 



63,863 



78.049 



Wheat, 
Bushels. 



3,439,968 

3.511.911 

3.536,733 

3.533.530 

.3..539.291 

3.436.895 

3.417,723 

3.406.640 

3,403,280 

3..380.803 

3.346.375 

3.284,639 

3.248.173 

3.001.245 

2.840.849 

2.655.903 

2.351.392 

2,017.383 

1.796,400 

1.729.575 

1.349.661 

1.109.937 

818.177 

672.953 

577,256 

517,303 

437.263 

260,322 

176.449 

226.894 

108.519 

137,055 

251.569 

306,831 

201.875 

311.184 

403.844 

354.257 

1.090.600 

7.30,235 

495.212 

596.586 

680,219 

58:^,690 

531.325 

287.926 

515.232 

843.245 

996.437 

1.2.38.976 

1,484,772 

1,406.686 



Corn, 
Bushels. 



1,249,669 

1.686.8:J8 

2,051,990 

2,367.788 

2,552.928 

2.553,748 

2,614.112 

2,923.410 

3.18:3.880 

3.273,804 

3,403,492 

3.558.724 

4.004.665 

4.083.247 

3.617.889 

3.397.585 

3.746,428 

3.409.335 

3.869.444 

3.812.767 

3.652.068 

3.951.563 

3,909.265 

3,800.2.37 

2,970.905 

2,644.198 

1,877,839 

1.437,325 

1,743.448 

1,227.5.38 

1,340.409 

1,535,190 

1.385,206 

1.412.463 

1,056.997 

673,384 

889.425 

1,286. 7;M 

1.. 372.212 

1,273,510 

917.521 

648,089 

488.567 

573.732 

465,995 

355,667 

294.880 

616.134 

654.580 

494,964. 

507.547 

523,290 



Oats, 

Bushels. 



630.214 
641.080 
&41.306 
660,940 
679.559 
675.741 
681.342 
734.179 
756.563 
772.394 
777.600 
777.780 
781.524 
745.902 
645.445 
640,157 
410,369 
244,418 
158,658 
199.640 
295.957 
406,195 
298.459 
288.758 
279.895 
262.628 
303,059 
243.315 
187.785 
175.292 

98.681 
287.948 
327.709 
307.370 
269.315 
382.578 
265.887 
412.081 
476.241 
389,141 
417.219 
192,610 
153.719 
178.384 
160.072 
113.749 

84.168 
111.261 
117.742 
164.904 
153,931 
151,927 



Kye, 
Bushels. 



185.774 

216.661 

234.946 

249.082 

258,872 

256.207 

260.496 

273.948 

244,761 

242.661 

189.871 

187.818 

184.018 

186.392 

185.310 

187.961 

203.174 

192.209 

166.831 

180.488 

171.886 

160.281 

159.322 

155.022 

146,616 

102.094 

58,203 

32,043 

53.955 

68.486 

140.103 

140,760 

122.615 

117.127 

135.053 

96.524 

110,595 

105.753 

11.3.039 

104.35;^ 

99.847 

90.842 

113,731 

97.730 

92,036 

94,061 

61.580 

53.415 

58.690 

76.096 

85.256 

90.251 



Barley, 
Bushels. 



1,128,864 

1,103.608 

1,080.49& 

1,049.631 

1,009.45& 

978.450 

948.482 

951.226 

925.369 

881.214 

854,941 

807.396 

751.888 

714.981 

666.900 

643,787 

570.770 

455.491 

372,474 

289,759 

163.575 

177,510 

152.195 

125,446 

119,997 

81,084 

97,951 

110.399 

61,29g 

70,916 

57,220 

70.743 

89.26T 

90,633 

120.183 

189.298 

277,151 

348,863 

448.181 

597.104 

540.623 

548,383 

395,383 

522,776 

578,24a 

529.811 

546.414 

536.871 

525.463 

561,761 

602,409 

628,544 



87 
STATEMENT 

Showing the entire movement of Flour and Grain at Cliicago during the 

year 1877. 

(Shipments from Milwaukee passing through Chicago not included.) 

RECEIPTS. 



Received by 


Flour, 
barrels. 


Wheat, 
bushels. 


Corn, 
bushels. 


Oats, 
bushels. ■ 


Rye, 
bushels. 


Barley, 
bushels. 


Lake 


18,010 

76.962 

930,211 

135,301 

79,712 

192.538 

92.580 

9,587 

1,142.403 

526 

5.210 

6,096 

352 

1,215 

439 


69.828 

3,646 

6,629.594 

1,000,306 

1,866,769 

3.604.673 

249,110 

3,160 

726,980 

3.960 

1.466 

1,865 

400 

2.425 

333 






"123.526 

111.943 

238.696 

265.554 

653.269 

277.890 

35.100 

5.400 

13,574 

399 

1.307 

470 

700 

1.037 


170.284 


Illinois & Michigan Canal 

Chicago & Northwestern R'y 

Illinois Central Railroad 


4.465.710 

3,343,953 

5,040.252 

6,461,279 

21,173.261 

6,466.240 

785,017 

40.565 

134,000 


518,570 

4,144.437 

1,924,864 

1,250,266 

3,731,072 

542,775 

313,208 

615,100 

446.017 

2.466 

253 

7.426 

9.581 

738 


1.090 

1.580.337 

138.918 


Chicago.Rock Isl'nd & PaciflcR.R. 
Chicago,Burlington & QuincyR.R. 

Chicago & Alton Railroad 

Chicago & Eastern Illinois R.R... 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul R'y. 

Chicago & Pacific Railroad 

Michigan Central Railroad - 


586,759 

1.163.567 

115.960 

198 

862.750 

16.417 

323.893 


Lake Shore & Mich. Southern R'y. 
Pittsburgh, Ft. W. & Chicago R'y. 
Pittsburgh, Cin. & St. Louis R'y. 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 


423 
2.537 
2.365 

126 


9.988 

13.876 

5.750 

592 


Total Receipts 


2,691,142 

293,244 

63.5.31 


14.164,515 
3,370,189 


47,915,728 
930.958 


13.506,773 
.583,244 


1,728,865 
159.490 


4,990.379 


Flour manufactured in the city... 
In store December 31, 1876.. 


1.136,474 


Total 


3,047.917 


17,5.34,704 


48,846.686 


14,090,017 


1,888,.355 


6.126.853 







SHIPMENTS. 



Shipped by 


Flour, 
barrels. 


Wheat, 
bushels. 


Corn, 
bushels. 


Oats, 
bushels. 


Rye. 

bushels. 


Barley, 
bushels. 


Lake — To Buffalo 


99,344 

25 

10,950 

2,303 

36,080 


7,101,525 
105,365 
601.500 
191,993 
285,645 
163,108 

1,235..356 
661,491 


28,977,247 
284,086 
2.254.162 
1,370.371 
2,624.625 
83,471 
1,473,167 
1,540,482 


4,005,911 


1,137,698 

"75"666 
1.674 
9.446 

"39",i49 

77,716 


1.106.816 


To Oswego - 


24.151 


To Erie.. 


"214,666 
632,826 


61.200 


To Ogdemsburg 

To otner American ports .. 
To Montreal 


"43"886 
22,814 


To Kingston 




'"m875 


408.102 


To other Canadian ports .. 


77 


80,412 


Total bv Lake 


148,779 

1,002 

11,470 

39,436 

12,793 

4,363 

14.268 

17,806 

1,668 

991 

783,489 

694.998 

499.802 

168,717 

82,723 


10..345.983 

619.367 

286,423 

116.589 

54.443 

118..S.36 

143,329 

26,408 

235,996 

5.036 

1,048,303 

1,036,147 

456.820 

168.487 

247,493 


38,607.611 


5,013,278 

7,277 

24,200 

10 262 

2,080 

995 

1,300 

6,787 

6,645 


1,340,683 

"'42"227 
8,364 

"2l'906 

3 

1,800 

""36>24i 

52.910 

18,400 

25.900 

4,947 


1.747,381 


Illinois & Michigan Canal 




Chicago & Northwestern R'y 

Illinois Central Railroad 


70,487 

11,718 

1,131 

1,835 


224.998 

134,444 

66,222 

72,165 

192.896 


Chicago.Rock Isl'nd & PaciflcR.R. 
Chlcago.Burlington & Quincy R.R. 
Chicago & Alton Railroad 


Chicago & Eastern Illinois R.R... 
Chicago.Milwaukee & St.Paul R'y. 
Chicago & Pacific Railroad 


958 
10,650 


378,463 
47.633 


Michigan Central Railroad 

Lake Shore & Mich. Southern R'y. 
Pittsburgh, Ft. W. & Chicago R'y. 
Pittsburgh, Cin. & St. Louis R'y. 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 


2,775,467 

2,547,160 

827,500 

412..349 

1,095,035 


3,881,800 

2,413,700 

. 661.900 

172.017 

295,371 


341,315 
189.964 
292,210 
320.982 
204,983 


Total Shipments 

In store and in vessels Dec. 31. 1877 
City consumption, and unac- 
counted for 


2,482.305 
78,049 

487,563 


14,909,160 
1,570,546 

1,054,998 


46,-361.901 
823,712 

1,661,073 


12.497.612 
208,642 

1,-383,763 


1,553.375 
90,559 

244,421 


4,213.656 
623,387 

1.289,810 


Total 


3,047,917 


17,534,704 


48,846,686 1 14.090.017 


1,888,355 


6,126,853 






• 





88 



THROUGH ALL-RAIL BUSINESS. 

The following Statement shows the amount of Flour and Grain received at Chicago during 1877 by 
western railways and delivered to connecting lines without the intervention of a Chicago consignee. 
These amounts are all included in the general statements of receipts and shipments published here- 
with, except shipments originating in Milwaulcee; those are deducted from the receipts and shipments 
of ChiS&go as shown by the general statements, but are included in this. 

Received by Chicago <& Northwestern Raihvay. 



Months. 



January --- 
February .. 
March ..... 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November . 
December . 



Total 



Flour, 
barrels. 

64,065 
43,141 
43,295 
68,710 
61,;340 
45,832 
39,087 
30,626 
51,191 
83,095 
89,129 
95,247 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



714,758 



59,040 
23,040 
19,440 
43,560 
13,320 
21,240 
20,520 
16,920 
26,640 
37,440 
32,040 
198,000 



511,200 



Corn, 
bushels. 



70,000 

30,000 

9,200 

3,200 

7,600 

7.200 

2.000 

800 

2,800 

3,600 

400 

2,000 



Oats, 
bushels. 



91.800 

54,600 

56,400 

93.600 

203,200 

161,400 

105,600 

220.200 

326,400 

227,400 

56,400 

57,600 



138,800 1,653.600 



Rye, 

bushels. 



1.170 
390 

'I'm 
1,950 
2.340 
1.170 



Barley, 
bushels. 



6.000 
9.600 
10,400 
3.600 
2,400 
400 

'2"86o 
8.000 
42.800 
12.400 
33.200 



8.190 : 131,600 



Total No. 
of Cars. 

1,148 

685 

630 

984 

1.013 

805 

6:^2 

734 

1.16:j 

1,433 

1,106 

1.687 



12,020 



Received hy Chicago, Milwaukee <& St. Paul Railway. 



Mon'fhs. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October ... 
November . 
December . 

Total 



Flour, 
barrels. 



72.900 

59,300 

79,000 

74,800 

77,700 

53.900 

61.600 

54,900 

65,000 

127,000 

130.700 

111.200 



968,000 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



14,540 
20.720 
35.500 
71,820 
7,250 
16,090 
14.600 
15,920 
28,430 
20.320 
21.340 
63,960 



330,490 



Corn, 
bushels. 



400 



400 



Oats, 
bushels. 



7,000 
13,560 
24,960 
63.300 
44.550 
31,200 
17.100 
46,050 
00,500 
44.690 

7.950 
11,630 



T2,490 



Rve, 

bushels. 



390 



1,170 
1,560 
3.900 
6.240 

780 

"'"780 



Barley, 
bushels. 



17.200 
15.800 
15,570 
12,880 
400 
2,800 



2,000 

67,200 

139,300 

53,900 

15,000 



14,820 j 342,050 



Total No. 
of Cars. 

813 

699 

858 

1,076 

873 

645 

691 

672 

947 

1,690 

1,486 

1.339 



11,789 



Received by Illinois Central Railroad. 



Months. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 
October ... 
November . 
December . 

Total 



Flour, 
barrels. 



3,100 

2,900 

3.600 

1,700 

500 

700 

3,300 

1,200 

6,200 

11,000 

13,800 

15,100 



63.100 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



8,580 
1,650 

"""330 

'"990 

9,900 

21,120 

20,790 

18,480 

990 

990 



83,820 



Com, 
bushels. 



33,480 
15.480 
16,200 
59,400 
11,520 
16.920 
360 
30,960 
10.080 
9,360 
14.400 
15,840 



Oats. Eye, 

bushels, bushels. 



19,375 
35,625 
26.250 
81.250 
103.125 
133,750 
60.625 
40.000 
.53.125 
51.250 
31,875 
19,375 



234.000 ! 655,625 



Barley, 
bushels. 



400 



400 



800 



400 



2,000 



Total No. 
of Cars. 



181 
134 
124 
313 
203 
271 
161 
■236 
240 
274 
233 
229 



«.589 



89 



Received by Chicago, Burlington <& Quincy Railroad. 



Months. 



Flour, 
barrels. 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



January l-'?0 

February i-^"" 

March... ^'200 

April — I'^OO 

May - - ■^''■'^ 

June ....^... ; 3,100 

Julv. - -; 3,025 

August - ^050 

September 1"450 

October.... - 10,8.0 

November lu.^u 

December i 50,258 

Total -\ 108,346 



791 

.337 

1,411 

1,48:3 

683 

'""750 
21.170 
50,808 
54,473 
31.466 
.33;S33 

196,605 



Corn, 


Oats, 


Rye, 


bushels. 


bushels, 


bushels. 


.367.720 


34,267 


428 ! 


482,539 


46,762 


. 1 


630,068 


47,040 


.392 


563,882 


105,990 


3,092 


209,695 


96,141 


1,250 


65,836 


85,014 


407 


84,848 


56,994 


1,633 


347.086 


244,751 


12,150 


327,660 


233.023 


2,745 


196,089 


141.463 


400 


136.050 


92,634 




165,937 


73,088 


785 


3,577,410 


1,257,167 


23,282 



Barley, 
bushels. 



416 

3,586 

2.000 

833 

467 



Total No. 
of Cars. 



7,302 



963 

1,205 

1,591 

1,533 

651 

300 

325 

1,415 

1,431 

922 

626 

1.056 



12,018 



Received by Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railroad. 



Months. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May .- 

June 

July 

August 

September . 

October 

November . 
December. 



Flour, 
barrels. 



3,900 

801 

504 

1.601 

1,400 

700 

1,800 

1,400 

4,500 

6.600 

4,605 

2,051 



Wheat, 
bushels. 



Corn. I Oats, | Rye. 
bushels, bushels. \ bushels. 



Total 



29,862 



I 49.788 

1 108,581 

62.3.55 

367 I 153.578 

350 '•• 24,956 

334 i 27,795 

.... i 24.250 

2,775 I 132,135 

8.268 31,778 

10,732 I 18,461 

2.618 i 10.705 

2,718 ; 9.750 



13,582 
22.577 
18,497 
52.376 
52,160 
40,532 
24,798 
87.641 
72,738 
72.268 
26.522 
19.036 



Barley, 
bushels. 



Total No. 
of Cars. 



1.291 



357 
804 
3.30 



2.296 



28,162 ; 654,132 502,728 



3,525 

4.273 

1,954 

500 

20.611 

8,509 

"2^219 
3,562 
2.456 
1.213 
1,016 



5,078 49,838 



183 
324 
179 
480 
200 
144 
111 
478 
245 
250 
114 
78 



2,786 



Received by Chicago & Alton Railroad. 



Months. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September . 

October 

November . 
December.. 

Total 



Flour, I Wheat, 
barrels, j bushels. 



Com, 



Oats, 



bushels. ! bushels. 



2,650 
600 

'Y.260 



600 

300 

EOO 

1,230 



1,100 

733 

3,948 

1,918 

796 

"1^903 

366 

766 

1.583 

1,863 

400 



6,667 

28,503 

9,129 

73,843 

32,194 

18.573 

8,930 

8,423 

5,785 

2,848 

4,851 

10,203 



7,140 



15,376 ; 209,949 



5,281 
1.296 
2.062 
1.281 
2.000 
4.453 
3,296 
7,040 
4.093 
2.793 
662 
625 

34,882 



Rye, 

bushels. 



Barley, 
bushels. 



Total No. 
of Cars. 



357 
'.398 



I 



937 
416 



755 



1,039 



2,392 



50 
83 
32 
209 
84 
55 
34 
32 
31 
18 
24 
40 



692 



Recap itti lat ion. 



^ ! Flour, 
Road. barrels. 


Wheat, 
bushels. 


Corn, 
bushels. 


Oats, 
bushels. 


Rye. 
bushels. 


Barley, 
bushels. 


Total No. 
of Cars. 


Chicago & Northwestern R'y . . 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St.P.R'y- 

Illinois Central Railroad 

Chicago,Burrton & Quincy R.R. 
Chicago,Rockl8rnd& Pac.R.R. 
Chicago & Alton Railroad 


714,758 
968.000 

63.100 
108,.^46 

29,862 
7.140 


511,200 

330,490 

83.820 

196,605 

28.162 

15,376 


138,800 
400 
2.34,000 
3,577,410 
654,1.32 
209,949 


1,653,600 
372.490 
655.625 

1.257,167 

502,728 

34.882 


8,190 
14,820 

23,282 

5,078 

755 


131,600 

.342.050 

2,000 

7.302 

49.838 

' 2,392 


12,020 

11,789 
2.589 

12,018 

2,786 

692 


Total 


1,891,306 1 1,165,653 


4,814,691 


4,476,492 


52,125 


535,182 


41,894 



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91 



FLOUR MANUFACTURED IN CHICAGO. 

The following Statement shows the amount of Flour manufactured by the 
various city mills for the last Five Years. 



Mills. 


1877. 


1876. 


1875. 


1874. 


1873, 


Star and Crescent Mills . . . .. 


139,647 

90,097 

60,000 

3,500 

293,244 


160,864 

55,910 

49,800 

4,500 


139,144 

95.509 

12,000 

3,000 


136,656 

91,011 

14,000 

3,000 


154,849 


♦Oriental Mills 


104,514 


State Mills 




Other Mills 


5,000 






Total - 


271,074 


249,653 


244,667 


264,36a 







* The Oriental Mills were manufacturing in 1876 only after Jnne. 

REPORTED STOCK OF FLOUR IN CHICAGO 

On the first days of each month for Five Years. 



Months. 



January .. 
February . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October... 
November 
December 



1873. 
Barrels. 



25,582 
27,484 
36.445 
48,670 
44,290 
38,430 
36,630 
30,790 
22,460 
27,630 
35,445 
27,000 



1874. 
Barrels. 



45,700 
49,600 
53,125 
57,450 
49,625 
50,750 
42,.325 
25.150 
36.673 
38.150 
55,575 
52,350 



1875. 
Barrels. 



60,400 
51,000 
41,050 
32.060 
31,515 
39,006 
37,860 
33,7.39 
29,074 
35,375 
44,238 
63,362 



1876. 
Barrels. 



62,760 
59,093 
58,753 
48.882 
33,438 
28,491 
46,620 
39,340 
32,050 
30,575 
49,675 
58,487 



1877. 
Barrels. 



63,531 
60,150 
63.900 
61,000 
30.850 
43.960 
42,450 
32,819 
45.330 
22.190 
56,85a 
63,863 



WEIGHTS 

Established by Law in the State of Illinois for the bushel of the following 

articles. 



Articles. 


Lbs. 


Articles. , 


Lbs. 


Wheat - 


60 
56 
70 
32 
56 
48 
52 
38 
48 
20 
24 
33 
80 


Clover Seed 


60 


Shelled Corn 


Timothy Seed . .... 


45 


Ear Corn 


Flax Seed 


56 


Oats 


TTftTnn Sftp.ri 


44 


Rye 


Blue Grass Seed 


14 


Barley 


White Beans - -. . 


60 


Buckwheat 


Castor Beans 


46 


Malt 


Irish Potatoes. ... 


60 


Corn Meal 


Sweet Potatoes 


55 


Bran . 


Turnips 

Onions 


55 


Dried Apples 


57 


Dried Peaches 


Coarse Salt 


50 


Lime (unslacked) 


Fine Salt .. 


55- 









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93 



PEICES OF FLOUR 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January 


6 
1^ 




•20 

27 


Febrnary 


3 

10 
17 
24 


March . 


3 
10 
17 
24 



April 



Ma^. 



June. 



July 



August 



September... 



October 



November . . 



December ... 



31 

7 

14 

21 

28 

5 

12 

19 

26 

2 

9 

16 

23 

30 

7 

14 

21 

28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
-27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



Medium to 

Choice Wliite 

Winter. 



6 75 
6 75 
6 75 
6 75 
6 75 
6 75 
6 75 
6 75 
(J 75 
6 75 



S 75 
7 00 
7 00 
7 00 

7 75 

8 25 

9 25 

9 50 

9 50 

9 50 

9 25 

9 00 

9 00 

9 00 

8 75 

8 50 

8 50 

8 50 

8 50 

8 00 

7 25 

6 75 

6 25 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 

6 00 



@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@. 8 00 
@, 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 25 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 00 
@10 00 
@10 00 
@ 9 50 
@, 9 50 
@ 9 50 
@ 9 50 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 8 00 



Spring Wheat 

by Patent 

Process. 



(a 



50 

00 

00 

00 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 



7 25 



25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 

7 50 

8 25 

9 25 
9 25 
9 25 
9 25 
8 75 
8 50 
8 50 
8 75 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 
8 75 
8 75 
8 75 
8 25 
8 25 



Choice to 

Fancy Spring 

Wheat. 



50 

00 

25 

25 

25 

00 

00 

OO 

00 

00 

00 

75 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 

50 



@, 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@. 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 00 
@ 9 25 
@ 9 50 
@10 25 
@11 00 
(5),11 00 
@11 00 
@.ll 00 
@10 50 
@10 50 
®10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@10 50 
@ 9 50 
@ 9 00 
@8 75 
@ 8 50 
@ 8 75 
@ 8 75 
@ 8 75 
@ 8 75 
@ 8 75 
@.8 75 
@ 8 75 
@ 8 50 
@ 8 50 
@ 8 50 
@ 8 50 
@. 8 50 
ta 8 50 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 



6 50 @ 
6 50 @ 
6 75 @ 
6 75 @ 
6 75 ® 
6 75 @ 
6 75 @ 
6 75 @. 
6 75 @ 
50 @ 



@ 



7 00 
7 00 
7 00 
7 25 



25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
00 
6 50 !a 7 00 
6 50 @ 7 00 
6 50 @ 



00 



6 75 @ 7 25 



9 00 



Common to 

Good Spring 

Extras. 



7 00 @ 

7 75 @ 

8 50 @ 9 00 . 
8 50 @ 9 00 
8 50 @ 9 00 
8 10 @. 8 50 
8 00 @ 8 25 
8 00 @ 8 25 
8 20 @ 8 50 
8 00 @ 8 25 
7 75 @ 8 25 

7 75 @, 8 25 

8 00 @- 8 50 
8 00 @ 8 50 
7 75 @ 8 25 
7 25 @ 7 75 
7 25 @ 'i' 75 
6 75 @ 7 00 
6 25 @ 6 50 
6 00 @ 6 25 
6 00 @ 6 50 
6 00 @ 6 50 
5 75 @ 6 25 

75 @ 6 25 
75 @ 6 25 
75 @ 6 25 
75 @ 6 25 
75 @ 6 25 
75 @ 6 25 
50 @ 6 25 
50 @ 6 25 
50 @ 6 25 
50 @ 6 25 
50 @ 6 25 
50 @ 6 25 
5 50 @ 6 00 
5 50 @ 6 00 



@ 



5 75 

6 00 
6 30 

6 75 

7 50 
7 50 
7 50 
7 50 
7 20 

00 
00 
00 
00 
r5 
i5 
00 

00 ® 
50 @ 
00 ® 
75 ® 
75 @ 
5 50 @ 
5 25 @. 
5 00 @ 
5 00 @ 
5 00 @. 
5 00 @ 
5 00 @ 



@ 6 85 
@, 6 25 
@ 6 50 
® 6 50 
@ 6 50 
@ 6 50 
@ 6 50 
6 50 
6 50 
6 25 
6 25 
_ 6 25 
@. 6 25 
@ 6 50 
@ 6 75 
@, 7 25 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 
® 7 75 
50 
50 
75 
50 
50 
50 
75 
75 
25 
00 
00 



I 7 

)■ 7 
5- 7 
3-7 



Good 
Spring 
Supers. 



00 @, 
00 @ 
00 (S), 
80 @. 
75® 

4 75 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 



7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
7 
6 25 
6 00 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 50 
5 25 
5 25 
5 25 



4 .50 ® 
4 50 @ 
4 50 ® 
4 50 @ 
4 50 



50 @ 
50 ® 
50 ® 
50 @ 
30 @ 
30 @ 
50 ® 
50 ® 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
25 
25 
25 
00 
00 
10 
10 
25 
75 
25 
00 



75 @ 5 25 


3 ' 


75 ® 5 25 


3 ' 


75® 5 25 


3 ' 


75 ® 5 25 


3 ' 


75 @ 5 25 


3 ■ 


75 @ 5 25 


3 



4 50@ 

4 75 ® 

5 25 ® 

6 00 @ 
6 00 @ 7 00 
6 00 ® 7 00 
6 00 @ 7 00 
5 50 @ 6 50 
5 50 @ 6 50 
5 50 @ 6 50 
5 50 ® 6 50 
5 25 @ 6 25 
5 00 @ 6 25 
5 00 ® 6 25 
5 00 ® 6 25 
5 00 @ 6 00 
5 00 @ 6 00 
4 50 @. 5 25 
4 00 @ 
Z' ' 

75 ® 

75 ® 

75® 

75 ® 

75 @ 
3' 75 @ 
3 75 ® 
3 75 
3 75 
3 75® 
3 75 @ 
3 75 
3 75® 

75 @ 
5 



75 
75 
75 



00 

40 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 

25 



Good 

to Choice 

Rve. 



30@4 50 
30® 4 .50 
30® 4 .50 
40®4 60 
40@4 60 
40® 4 60 
45®4 70 
45® 4 70 
45@4 70 
35® 4 60 
35®4 60 
35 ® 4 60 
4 35® 4 60 
4 35®4 60 

4 80 @ 5 00 

5 25® 5 .50 

5 75@6 25 

6 00®6 25 
6 00®6 30 
6 00@6 25 



40® 5 80 
00® 5 .50 
75®, 5 25 
50®. 5 00 
50®4 75 
30@4 60 
30®4 50 
25@4 50 
4 25®4 50 
4 25@4 40 
4 00@4 30 
3 90®4 00 
3 60® 3 75 
3 30®3 40 
3 20®3 40 
'3 20@3 50 
3 25 ® 3 50 
3 25®3 50 
3 25®3 50 
3 25®3 50 
3 25@3 50 
3 25@3 50 
3 25®3 50 
3 10@3 40 
3 10 ® 3 40 
3 10@3 40 
3 20®3 50 
3 30@3 50 
3 20@3 50 
3 25® 3 50 
3 25®3 50 
3 25®3 50 



N0TE.-The above classifications are somewhat arbitrary, no Flour "^f^l^^^^l^^l^^l^:^:^ 
but each particular lot either by sample or upon ^^-^^^/^.^^^^^^.^^^^^^^ the Sve 

Flours for family use have generally commanded from 50® 75 cents per oarrei g 

quotations for " Patents." 



94 






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95 



PRICES OF WHEAT 

(Highest and Lowest Cash Price) 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January ... 
February .. 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October 

November . . 
December .. 



6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



No. 1 
North Westn. 






'".'." ilo" 

1 44 

1 47 

1 49 



1 52 

i'go" 



1 68 



1 35 
i'33" 



1 06 ®1 



11 
15X@1 
12 @1 
1514®! 
15 @1 

12 @1 

13 ©1 
10i/4@l 
13 @1 



1 10 



08 @1 

10 @1 

10iC@l 

1 10 @1 

1 10 ®1 

1 10 @1 

09M@1 

13 @1 



14 

14 

18 

16 

19 

I8/2 

15 

18'/2 

13 
15 

14 

131/2 

16i4 

14-/J 

15 

14 

14 

12 

14 



No. 2 

North Westn. 



1 27 @1 
1 28V4@1 
1 34i/4@l 
1 37 @1 
1 28 @1 
1 35 @1 
1 39 ®1 



1 31 @1 
1 32 @1 
1 30 @1 

1 u%m 

1 38 @1 
1 40 @1 
1 48 @1 
1 50 @1 
1 



1 75 

1 80 



27'^ 

36 

38 

40 

37 

40 

391/2 

40 

34 

34>^ 

34 

40/2 

41 

41 

51 H 

61 1/2 

85 

&35£ 

84 



.^2 @1 

58 @l 

51 @1 

48 @1 

50 @1 

46 @.l 

41 @.l 

30 @1 

24 @1 

30 @1 



60 

60 

65 

58 

52'/ 

54 

50 

47 

41 

30 

35 



06X01 
0714®! 

12'/2@1 

09^@1 
12i/2@l 

09^@i' 
lli4@l 
07V4@1 
09i4@l 

OSJi®! 
08 @1 
085i@l 
07y2®l 
07 @1 
07i4@l 
06i4@l 
08^@1 



09 

121/2 

16 

111/2 

15 

is" 

14^ 
10 

11 1/2 

07 

09 

10 

11 

11 ?i 

10 

09 

mi 

10^ 



No. 1 

Spring. 



1 28 
i 28ii@l 3014 
1 Z-i @1 35 
1 33 



1 36 



1 34 

^1 37 

1 36 

1 31 



1 34ii 
i"49" 



1 63 
i'58' 

i'ss" 

1 52 



@1 20 
@1 14 
@1 12>^ 
®1 \QV2 
<m 16^ 
@1 14 
@1 19 

nv3.m 18 

10 @1 13 
12)^@1 16 
08}4®1 10)4 
10 @1 11 
07i/2®l 14 
06'/i@l OW2 



09 
09^®1 



llsi 
11 



06?i@l 11 ?£ 
07 @1 lOSi 
07;/2@l IIM 

06"-^ @i m% 

08i4@l 11 



No. 2 
Spring. 



24%@ 

2614® 
27 @ 
26 @ 
24>^@: 

271/21: 
2914®: 

25 @ 
21 @ 
217s® 
22i/4@: 
23 
2514®: 

26 (" 
33%®: 

if ' 

53%® 

62'^®: 

59 " 

411/^1 

46 I 

43i4i_ 

48X® 

44 %@ 

41 " 

44 

42 

40 

27 

19 

15 

01 

00 @ 

06 ® 

11 ® 

09 ® 

n @ 

13 @ 
089^®: 

10 H® 
06^®: 



053^®: 
0514®; 
0714® 

0814® 
06 - 



07 ® 

06181 

08 



26>^ 

29 

30^ 

31 

28 

32 

33 

33 

27 

26 

25 

28 

291/2 

32^ 

41 

5014 

75 

761/2 

75 

67 

59% 

541/2 

52 

55% 

48/2 

47/2 

4814 

47 

451/2 

41 

29 

23 

15 

121/2 

1214 

16 

13 

16 

18 

12% 

141/, 

09% 

11 

14 

07 

09% 

11 

119i 

1014 

lOX 

0914 

lOM 



No. 3 
Spring. 



10 ®1 
12i4®l 
13%@1 
14%@1 
13%®1 
15%@1 

181/2@1 

13 ®1 

11 @1 
12%®1 
12%®1 
14V4®1 

17 ®1 

18 ®1 
24 ®1 
32%@1 
41 ®1 
46 ®1 
53 @1 
43 @1 
33 ®1 
30 @1 
32 @1 
32 @1 
23 ®1 
20 ®1 
20 @1 

21 14®! 

18 @1 

95 @ 
93 ® 

96 @ 
95 @1 
92 @1 
95 @1 

06 ®1 

05 ®1 

07 ®1 

06 @1 

04 @1 

05 ®1 
02 ®1 
04 @1 
02 ®1 
00 ®1 
01%®1 
01%@1 
00 @1 
00 @1 
02 ®1 
00 @1 
01%@1 



1214 

15 

17 

17 

17 

20 

25 

23 

16 

15% 

15 

16 

20 

25% 

34% 

40 

59 

65 

61 

53 

40 

33 

33 

45 

24 

25 

24 

24 

20 

96 

98 

99 

00 

06 

05 

10 

09 

10 

10 

06 

08 



05% 

05I4 

0214 

04% 

05% 

03 

04^ 



Rejected 
Spring. 



02 
ft3% 



94%®1 06 

97 @1 00 

98 ®1 01 

97 ®1 01 3£ 
95 ® 98 

99 ®1 05 

1 03%@1 06% 
95 ®1 06% 

91 ® 95% 

92 @ 96 
% ® 97 

94 ® 98 

98 ®1 00 

99 ®1 05 
1 07 @1 16 
1 16 ®1 22 
1 23 ®1 35 
1 15 @1 30 
1 22%@1 28 
1 22 

95 ®1 12 

95 

"95'"®! 00 
95 

90 

90 @1 02 

90 @ 95 

95 @1 00 

82 @ 90 

69 @ 72 

70 @ '^ 
75 @ 80 
75 @ 79 
75 @ 86 
75 ® 87 
82 @ 93 
90 @ 93 

93 @ 96 

95 ® 97 
93 @ 95 

96 ® 97 
93 ® 95 

....-- 95 

92j<r@ 95 

93 ® 93% 

93%® 94 

93%® 94>^ 

89 ® 92 

89 @ 92 

90 ® 92% 

87 @ 89 

88 @ 89 



Note. — The Grades of Nos. 1 and 2 Northwestern were changed to Nos. 1 and 2 Hard Spring on the 
Ist of September, and quotations subsequently are for the new title. 



96 




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; ; ; ;fe ; ; jfefe ; 

HH I • I I /»j ^^" 1 



n 



PRICES OF CORN AND OATS 

(Highest and Lowest Cash Price) 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January . 
February 



March . 



April. 
May . 
Jane. 



July 

August 

September . 



October 



November . 



December 



6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
81 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



No. 2 
Corn. 



43M 

43% 

43% 

42 

41?i 

41 

4114 

40M 

391/2 

39^4 

39 

39 

37% 

38 V4 

401/2 

451/2 

47 

BQi.i 

52 7« 

4914 

4354 

42'/2 

44% 

44V2 

43V4 

45Ji 

46^2 

471/. 

47 

4714 

4714 

441/2 

41% 

41 

41 Ja 

43% 

4314 

42% 

411/2 

41% 

42 

42 

4394 

42?4 

4314 

44M 

45% 

4214 

41% 

43 

43 

421/4 



@ 44% 
@ 4414 
@ 4414 
@ 43?^ 
@ 4224 
@ 43 
©4214 
@ 42 
® 411/2 
@ 411/2 
@ 40Ji 
® 41V4 
® 41 ?4 
©4314 
@ 47% 
® 4914 
@ 58 
@ 57^ 
@ 57I/S 
@ 5314 
@ 4914 
©4614 
@ 4614 
@ 47% 
@ 47M 
@ 47JC 
® 491/8 
@ 49 
@49M 
@, 491/2 
@ 487^ 
@ 47% 
©4494 
© 43% 
© 43!i 
@45M 
©4614 
© 441/2 
@ 42?^ 
© 43M- 

§4294 
43% 
©4594 
© 45% 
© 45 
@ 46 
©49 
© 50 
© 44% 
©4414 
@ 45% 
©4514 



Rejected 
Corn. 



36 

371/2 

38 

361^ 

361/2 

37 

38 

361/i 

^Vs 

3514 

36 

35 

S7i/£ 

37" 

431/2 

4414 

49 

50 

4414 

40>^ 

391/2 

40 

40 

381/2 

42 

421.; 

45 

44U 

44 

45 

42 

38 

371/4 

3914 

42}4 

421.4 

41 

40 

41 

41 

41 

421/2 

411/2 

411/2 

42 

41^2 

351/2 

35 

34 

34 

341^ 



© 38 
@ 38 
© 381/2 
©37^ 
@ 39 
© 40 
© 39 
© 38 
© 36 
©37 
© 38 
© 37 
© 38 
© 37 
© 41 
© 451^ 
© 52 
© 52 
© 511/2 
© 481/^ 
@ 44 
© 4114 
©41 
@ 42 
© 43 
©43^ 
© 45V4 
© 461^ 
© 4714 
@ 46 
© 455£ 
© 4514 
© 40^ 
© 40 
©43 
© 45 
©4514 
© 43 
@ 41M 
©42 
© 41i<r 
@ 43 
@ 44 
© 4414 
© 4314 
© 4314 
@42JC 
© 42 
© 3714 
@37i^ 
© 35^ 
© 3514 



White Oats, 
Nos. 1 and 2. 



33% 






3794 
Seji © 361/2 



27H © 29 
3414 © 27 
231/2 © 251/2 
231/2 © 26 
2414 © 2514 
2494 © 2514 
2514 © 2594 
25 © 2614 
2391 @ 2414 
2314 © 24 

2294 !a 23J4 

23 © 24 

2394 © 25 

241/2 © 25 

25 

25 © 26 

26 ©26% 
2494 © 26^ 
241/2 © 251/2 
2494 © 25V^ 
241^ © 2514 



No. 2 
Oats. 



337s 

3494 

35% 

35 

34M 

35^ 

3414 

33 

32M 

315'8 

32>^ 

32% 

311/4 

3094 

3314 

3794 

371/2 

4094 

431/2 

41 

3714 

36/2 

371/4 

371/2 

36 

33 

32 

311/, 

2894 

28 

2694 

231/2 

221/, 

22 

23 

23% 

24 

2394 

2314 

22% 

2214 

221/2 

231.4 

2414 

241/2 

24/2 

2514 

24 ?4 

211/2 

24% 

241^ 

241/2 



©34% 
@ 3514 
© 355^ 
© 351/2 
@ 35% 
© 35% 
© 36 
© 341^ 
© 33% 



© 33/2 
© 3314 
© 33% 
© 35 
©371/2 
© 3814 
@ 42 
©45% 
© 4514 
©4394 
@ 40 
© 38 
©37% 
© 38% 
@ 38% 
© 36% 
© 33 

© 3314 
© 32 
@ 29/2 
© 291/2 
© 27 
@ 2454 
© 23% 
© 241/^ 
@ 241/2 
© 24% 
© 24!4 
© 23% 
© 23% 
©2214 
© 23% 
© 24% 
© 25 
©24% 
© 25% 
©26% 
© 27 
© 25>^ 
© 25/2 
©25^ 
© 251/2 



Eejected 
Oats. 



24j^ © 25Vi 
26 © 27>^ 
26 © 27 

26 @ 27% 
2654 © 28 

28 

24" ® 25" 
25 © 2614 
24/2 © S61/2 
2414 © 2514 
— - 251/2 

:::. 26)^ 

.... 31% 
311/i 
34 

35ii © 36" 

31 
281/0 @ 3014 
28 © 28)i 
28 ©29 
28 © 29 

27 @ 28V4 
25 © 27 
24 © 25 
23% © 24 
20 © 23 
18 © 21 

18 ©22 

19 © 20 

19 © 19% 

18 

20" © 21" 
203^ © 21)^ 

22 
21I4 @ 21 !4 

20 @ 21 
1894 © 19 
20 © 2114 
211.4 © 21% 
.... 21% 
21 14 © 211/2 



22% 



23 



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100 
PRICES OF RYE AND BARLEY 

(Highest and Lowest Cash Price) 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



January .. 
February . 
March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August - . - 
September 

October... 

November 
December. 



6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
32 
29 



No. 1 
Kvc. 



72 @, 72'/2 



69 @ 691/2 



67'/2 

08/2® 69 

72 fe 75 

81 



71 @ 73 
'.'."."""76" 



55'^,@ 55?i 
.-..: 56 



531/2 



561/2 



No. 2 
Rye. 



72 @ 

70 @ 

68 ® 

69 @ 
68 @ 

65 @ 

60 @ 

61 @ 
60 @ 
m ®, 
64i/2@ 
641/2® 
68 @ 
78 @, 
82 @ 
85 @, 
87 ® 
80 (3), 

70 @. 
70 (3). 
68 (g), 

66 ® 
60 @, 



62 @ 

*57 @. 

55 @ 

55!4® 
54',i@ 
52ii® 

51 '-2® 

52 ® 

54 ® 

55 (li). 
54 ® 
53V2® 
5314® 
52 ® 
52 ® 
5314® 

5;ii-i® 
5314® 

54 @ 
541/2® 
551/2® 
5514® 

56 ® 
551/2® 



721/2 

72 

721/2 

72 

70 

701/4 

70 

68 

63 

631/2 

63 

66M 

67 

68 

77 

80 

9514 

921/2 

90 

861/2 

71 

71 

69 

68 

61 

62 

62 

64 

64 

62 

58 

56 

53 

53 

53;/o 

55 
56 

•541/2 
541/^ 
54 
53 
531/2 
54 
54 
54 
54/2 
55 
56 
561/2 
56/2 
56 
56 



Rejected 
Rye. 



67 

68 

68 

66 @ 68 

65 @ 66 

651.2® 66 



62 

62 @ 6;b 



85 



86 
85 
80 

78 



58 ® 62 

53 

57 



55 



48 @ 



43 
45 



50 

48 

45 

43 

43!-; 

46 

47 

47 

47 

48 



48 @ 49 
49 



48/2 



No. 2 
Barley. 



No. 3 
Barley. 



64 ® 
63 @ 

60 ® 

61 ® 

58 .@ 

59 @ 

57 ® 
491;® 
47 @ 

51 ® 
50 ® 
50'/^® 
531/® 

52 @ 
56 @ 

58 @ 
73 @ 
80 @ 



67 '4 

671/2 

6314 

64 

60;4 

65 

63 

56/2 

52 

53 

60 

65 

58 

60 

72 

72 

82 

85 

80 



*70 
'*55" 



32i'2® 
321/2® 
32!4® 
32 @ 
32 @ 
32 @ 

31 @ 

29 @. 

26 ® 

27 @ 

28 @ 

30 @ 

32 ® 

32 ® 

33 @ 
40 ® 
38 ® 
40 ® 
42'o® 
40 ® 
38 @ 

36 @ 

37 @ 



37 

371/2 

40 

40 

37 

39 

381 2 

37 

32 

33 

31 

34 

33 

34 

40 

4214 

43 

47 

47 

45 

42'^. 

40 " 

39 

39 



*67 



66 ® 

65 ® 

66 @ 

65 14® 
631/2® 
6O14® 
6O1/2® 

59 @ 
57/2® 
58 @ 
58 ® 
58!/-® 
58 ® 
5814® 
62/.® 

60 ® 

611/2® 

6O1/2® 
571/2® 
56ii® 



65 
69 
71 

691 '2 

68 14 

67if. 

fJ3f4 

63 

61 

601', 

60 

60 

61 

5878 

61 

64 

64 

635/2 

61 M 

591/ 

57}4 



37 ® 39 

39 

"39"® 40 



41 ® 

39 @ 

37 ® 

38 ® 

38 @. 

35 ® 
37 ® 

37 @ 
37i/b@ 

39 ® 

40 @ 

38 ® 
38 @ 
38 ® 

36 @ 
371/2® 
38 @ 
.38 @ 

38 @ 

39 ® 



41 

43 

41 

40 

40 

39;i 

38 

38 

40 

391/2 

4014 

401/2 

401/2 

39 

411/2 

371/2 

39 

41 

39 

40 

40 

40 

38X 



Rejected 
Barley. 



281/2® 
29 @. 



30 

291/2 

29 

30 

30 

30 



26 ® 

251/2® 
26 ® 



30 ® 



36 ® 
38 ® 
40 ® 
38 ® 

37 ® 

34 @, 
36 @ 

35 ® 



35 ® 

36 ® 

37 @ 

38 ® 

37 @ 
40 @ 

38 @ 
36 @ 
m ® 
34 ® 
33 @ 
32 @ 
a3 @ 



35 @, 
37 ® 

36 @ 

36 ® 

37 @ 

35 ® 

36 ® 
351/2® 

35 @ 

36 ® 

36 @ 
.37 @ 

37 ® 



28 

26 

27 

27 

29 

28 

30/2 

33 

35 

38 

39 

43 

42 

39 

36 

39 

37 

35 

36 

37 

38 

42 

42 

41 

41 

37 

37 

36 

34 

.33 

35 

35 

38 

40 

39 

.37 

40 

36 

38 

401/2 

36 

38 

38 

371 i 

38 



* New. 
Note.— A new grade, known as " Extra No. 3 Barley," was established in August, the prices of which 
from that time to the close of the year ranged from four to ten cents per bushel above regular No. 3. At 
the same time the title of " Rejected Barley" was changed to "Feed Barley." Quotations subsequently 
are for the new grade. 



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106 



PRICES OF CATTLE, HOGS AND SHEEP 

For each Week during the year 1877 



Week Ending 



January . 
February . 



March 



April 
May. 



June. 



JuJy . 



August • 



September. 



October. 



November 



December, 



6 

13 

20 

27 

3 

10 

17 

24 

3 

10 

17 

24 

31 

7 

14 

21 

28 

5 

12 

19 

26 

2 

9 

16 

23 

30 
7 

14 

21 

28 
4 

11 

18 

25 
1 
8 

15 

22 

29 
6 

13 

20 

27 
3 

10 

17 

24 
1 
8 

15 

22 

29 



Cattle. 



Stock 
Cattle. 



80@3 75 
mm 75 
00@3 65 
OOm 60 
85@3 50 
85@3 60 
00@3 80 
10@3 85 
15@3 40 
15®3 90 
20@4 00 
20@4 25 
10@4 20 
20@4 20 
3 25@.4 25 
3 25(a),4 30 
3 .50®4 .50 
3 70@4 60 
3 8P@4 70 
3 80@4 70 
3 80(^4 70 
3 60@4 65 
3 40@,4 50 
3 50(a4 65 
3 30@4 50 
3 00@4 25 
3 00@3 75 
3 00@3 50 
3 00@3 75 
3 25@.g 75 
3 2o(?J),3 60 



00@3 50 
75@3 50 
7.^@3 50 
7.5f(|3 50 
7.T@3 75 
"imz 50 
60@3 25 
60@3 50 
60@:3 25 
2 50@3 35 
2 60@.3 40 
imtZ ,50 
6P@3 50 
60®3 50 
60@3 40 
50(5)3 25 
.50@.3 30 
60@,3 40 
f)0@3 40 
7.5(ffi,3 50 
70@3 40 



Good 

to Choice 

Beeves. 



4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

3 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

5 

5 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

4 

3 

3 

4 

4 

3 

3 

3 

3 

4 

3 



25@6 00 
00@5 75 
0C@5 75 
00@5 75 
00®5 70 
90@5 60 
00®6 00 
0C@6 00 
0C@5 85 
00@5 85 
10@5 75 
25@5 85 
25@5 75 
25@5 75 
20@5 50 
25@5 80 
5r@5 80 
65@5 85 
7.^@6 00 
65®5 90 
6C@6 00 
75@,6 00 
7.';(ff)6 25 
00@6 25 
00@6 65 
7S@.6 50 
2S@6 70 
25(3)6 50 
00(5)6 50 
C0@6 25 
00(§},6 00 
00@5 50 
00(5)5 75 
75(5),5 80 
75(515 80 
OOfRS 60 
00(3)5 50 
75(i|5 75 
75(3)5 60 

'\m,o 50 

75(§)5 50 

00(g).5 50 

7.5(3-5 60 

3 50(5)5 25 

3 50®.5 00 

3 60(g;5 00 

70(3).5 10 

90(515 25 

90@5 20 

8.5(^5 25 

a5(??i5 25 

70@5 25 



Live Hogs, 

Medium 

to Choice. 



6 15@7 10 
6 15@7 25 
5 75(§),6 75 
5 70®6 75 

*^ 7C@6 60 
5 75(^6 70 
5 50(^6 75 
5 7C(g6 50 

'5 30(^6 25 
5 25(^6 00 

4 80(^5 55 

5 lC(gl5 75 
5 l.':(^5 75 

-^ 1C@6 00 
5 20(g;5 75 
5 30(g;5 75 
5 3C(3.5 80 
v5 25@5 75 
5 lC(g5 75 
5 C0@:5 60 
4 85@5 25 

>^ 90(gi5 30 
4 45(^5 00 
4 4.':@4 90 
4 5(]@.5 25 
4 60(gj5 15 

-'4 70@5 00 
4 70(5)5 25 
4 80(5)5 15 
4 85(5)5 25 

v4 90@5 35 
4 85@5 35 
4 60@)5 35 
4 65@,5 45 

"^ 75(315 35 
4 7.''@5 50 

4 80(1)5 80 

5 10(5)5 85 
5 23@,5 90 

■^5 25(^5 90 
5 10(5)5 90 
4 80@5 50 
4 80(3)5 50 I 

'^4 60(5)5 25 
4 60(5)5 20 : 
4 35(^4 75 
4 30(g),4 70 

"4 20(«>4 50 
4 20(5)4 50 

3 90@4 40 

4 00@4 25 
4 00(314 35 



Dressed 
Hogs. 



7 25®7 75 
7 25@7 80 
7 lOm 60 
7 0C(g),7 50 
6 75(3).7 25 
6 85(^7 25 
6 45@7 15 
6 00@6 50 
5 8£(®6 40 
5 7.-(a6 10 
5 50(^5 80 
5 7£(g(6 15 
5 7£@6 00 
5 7£(g),6 25 



4 75(3)5 25 
4 30(3:4 75 
4 20(3)4 40 
4 50@,4 75 



Sheep, 

Good 

to Choice. 



3 75(g5 50 
3 m@S, 50 

3 75@6 00 
75(^5 25 
O0@5 25 
00(®5 25 
75@5 25 
0C(3),5 .50 
20(^5 75 
00(g,5 75 

4 25@6 00 
4 2.5@6 00 
4 00(3)5 75 
4 0C@5 75 
4 5C(5),6 00 
4 m@& 00 
4 50(3^6 25 
4 75(®,6 25 

75((^0 50 • 
7£(g.6 50 
25(3(6 25 
7c(3)5 25 
7.^(3>5 00 
3 50(5^5 00 
3 2.';(a5 00 
3 CC(3)4 75 
3 0C@4 75 
3 2.=.(g5 00 
3 5C(3j5 00 
3 75@4 75 
3 5C@4 75 
3 50(3)4 50 
3 QCm 50 
3 00@4 50 
3 m@A 25 
25(g4 75 
50(3!4 75 
5C@4 60 
50@4 75 
25@.4 50 
25@4 50 
5C(5>4 75 
25@4 50 
2f@.4 25 
3 25(^4 25 
3 2C(g4 00 
25(^4 00 
25(514 00 
50(5^4 25 
50(g,4 50 
50(g,4 50 
50(^4 25 



4 
4 
4 
3 
3 



3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 
3 



107 



PRICES OF BEEF PEODUCT 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 



Janhary - ^ 

'" ' 20 



February 



March . 



April 



May 



June. 



July 



August 



September 



October 



November . 



December 



Extra Mess. 



27 
3 

10 

17 

24 
3 

10 

17 

24 

31 
7 

14 

21 

28 
5 

12 

19 

26 
2 
9 

16 

23 

30 

7 

14 

21 

28 

4 

.11 

18 

25 

1 

8 

15" 

22 

29 

6 

13 

20 

27 

3 

10 

17 

24 

1 

8 

15 

22 

29 



11 50@11 75 
11 50@11 75 
11 75(ai2 00 
11 75®12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75®12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75®12 00 ' 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75®12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75®12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 75@12 00 
11 00@12 00 
11 00@11 25 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

11 09 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

11 00 

.... 11 00 
10 50@.ll 00 
10 50® 11 00 
10 50®11 00 

10 5n@ii 00 

10 50@11 00 



Mess. 



Beef Hams. 



10 50@10 75 
10 50@10 75 
10 75@11 00 
10 75®11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@.ll 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@.ll 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@li 00 
10 75®11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75®11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75@11 00 
10 75®11 25 
10 00@11 25 
10 00@10 25 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

10 00 

9 50®10 00 
9 50@10 00 
9 50@10 00 
9 50®10 00 
9 50@10 00 



19 00@19 50 

19 00@20 50 
21 50®22 00 
21 50®23 00 
21 50®22 00 
21 50@22 00 
21 50@22 00 
21 50@22 00 
21 50@22 00 

20 0C@22 00 
20 00@21 00 
19 50@21 00 
19 50@20 00 
19 50®20 00 
19 50@.20 00 
19 50@20 00 

19 50@20 50 

20 00@.20 50 
20 00@20 50 
20 00@21 00 
20 50@21 00 
20 50@.21 00 
20 5C@21 00 
20 50@21 00 
20 00@20 50 
19 50@20 00 
19 00@20 00 
19 00@20 00 
19 00@19 50 
19 25@19 50 
19 25@19 50 
18 25@20 50 
18 25@19 25 
18 25@19 25 
17 00@18 25 
15 00@18 00 
15 00@18 00 
15 00@18 00 
15 00@17 00 
14 00@17 00 
14 00@16 00 
14 00@16 00 
14 00@15 50 
14 00®15 50 
14 00@15 50 
14 00®15 50 
14 00®15 50 

14 000,16 00 

15 50@.16 00 
15 50@16 00 
15 50@16 00 
15 50@16 00 



Tallow. 



754@7M 
7K@8 
7V2®8 
7V2@8 
7K2@8 
7V2@8 
7 @8 
7 (m% 
7 @7% 

7 m% 

7i4@7% 

7i4®'<% 
7; ' 



7?^@7% 
7%@8'/2 

8 m% 

75£@8i4 
7i4@8 



7 @7!4 

7 ©714 

7 ©7^2 

7 mVi 

iMm 

7}4®'J'3i 
7ii®7% 

714®''% 
7>4@796 
7}4®7% 
7V4®7% 
7i4@7'/2 
7V4@'5'Vj 
7ii@75i 
7i4®7% 

7i4@T9i 
7i4@7% 

7!^@7i4 

7^®7i4 
7 @7'4 
7 ®7ii 
7 ©714 
7 (mVi 

6%®7V4 



k^ 



108 



STATEMENT 

Of the Weekly SMprnents of Hog 



Week Ending 



Pork. 



January.. 
February. 



March. 



April . 
May.. 



June . 



July 

August. 



September 



October . 



November. 



December . 



4 

11 

18 

25 

1 

8 

15 

22 

1 

8 

15 

22 

29 

5 

12 

19 

26 

3 

10 

17 

24 

31 

7 

14 

21 

28 
5 

12 

19 

26 
2 . 
9 

16 

23 

30 
6 

13 

20 

27 
4 

11 

18 

25 
1 
8 

15 

22 

29 
6 

13 

20 

27 



Totals 



Barrels 



5,530 
1.467 
2,914 
3.392 
3,412 
4,608 
5,6a3 
11,240 
11,926 
12,708 
8,665 
11,664 
6,094 
12,696 
8,148 
6,800 
2,525 
6,828 
3,306 
2,456 
2.489 
6.591 
4,780 
6,390 
5.614 
6,594 
3,805 
3,674 
10.754 
2.877 
1.357 
16.613 
8.381 
3.361 
5.291 
5,718 
5.169 
4.153 
4,749 
4.590 
4,.594 
3.090 
3,216 
2.500 
3296 
7-996 
6.307 
6.398 
4,378 
4.010 
3,618 
2,113 



296,457 



Lard. 



Tierces 'Barrels, 



4.832 
1.300 
1,805 
1,435 
941 
2.783 
2,671 
2,633 
3,118 
10,232 
18.032 
9,206 
8-669 
9,179 
15,012 
4.526 
2-371 
10.537 
3,054 
10-769 
5,453 
5-a32 
3-997 
3,817 
8-501 
3,127 
3,095 
5,179 
6.483 
1-890 
2,4-34 
11.114 
9-594 
9,300 
5,534 
11-694 
3-651 
2-966 
2-2.32 
6,827 
6,755 
5,781 
3,913 
2-924 
7,119 
10,549 
10019 
10-6.34 
10-816 
18-870 
22,181 
10,098 



355,484 



325 

164 

875 

177 

10 

7 

92 

55 

261 

70 

202 

162 

185 

118 

163 

149 

113 

20 

91 

472 

no 

85 
12 
92 

125 
2 

178 

150 

44 

93 

5 

60 

102 
99 
87 
78 
'226 
78 
96 

135 

108 

128 

191 
79 

226 
88 
88 

1.32 
62 
65 



137 



6,992 



Other 
Pkgs. 



1,787 
994 
764 
138 
479 
285 
1,300 
1,291 
720 
2,1.33 
4,4.39 
1-804 
2.723 
l,;i30 
4.695 
3,010 
5,469 
6.562 
2,265 
5.923 
3,386 
4 596 
2,5-31 
1,422 
864 
1,.372 
198 
2.486 
2,629 
45 
1.796 
1.588 
5.002 
3.089 
3,.372 
4.5.49 
1,800 
2.204 
4.690 
2,991 
3.100 
4.048 
2.778 
5.051 
2.919 
7,638 
5.148 
1,730 
3.116 
1,924 
3.072 
1.&36 



140,781 



Gross 
Weight. 



2.052.394 
597,780 
960.389 
611,424 
399,504 
1,140,815 
1,126.619 
1.108,917 
1,340.421 
4,222.043 
7,389,848 
3,825,624 
3,532,900 
3,807,587 
6,139.218 
1,935,584 
1,171,755 
4.316.916 
1,311,257 
4,619.971 
2,-374,790 
2,463.852 
1,714.010 
1.559,817 
3,461,692 
1,263-419 
1,273,357 
2,125,466 
2,605.087 
765,521 
1,051.567 
4.316-521 
3,950.846 
3,698.516 
2,309-022 
4.574.022 
1,566.531 
1,246.205 
1,041.443 
2,845.082 
2,850.428 
2.430.852 
1,697.014 
1..344.375 
2.972.098 
4,500.104 
4.240.591 
4.275.0a3 
4.391.706 
7.577.227 
8.830.087 
4,073.319 



-Middles and 



Boxes. 



10,780 
11.292 
8,005 
10.265 
6.376 
3,742 
7.710 
5,657 
7.314 
7,476 
. 9.309 
7,637 
6,604 
6.909 
5.505 
5.113 
4.9-35 
6.231 
4.7.35 
7.053 
5.299 
7.551 
5,118 
4.807 
4.331 
4.779 
2.628 
6.140 
8.845 
3.900 
7.093 
12.878 
8.121 
6.988 
8,188 
4.011 
7.483 
6.307 
5..568 
5..398 
5,710 
6.152 
7.878 
6.163 
5.893 
9.839 
9.862 
12.269 
14.744 
16.963 
19.969 
12,110 



147,000,616 



Other 
Pkgs. 



•158 
935 
1,071 
981 
969 
443 
739 
339 
312 
504 
496 
305 
618 
375 
452 
278 
1.33 
7-38 
447 
413 
170 
288 
174 
.331 
.337 
319 
320 
.321 
552 
142 
207 
3.38 
523 
578 
335 
399 
453 
293 
645 
780 
579 
537 
390 
728 
782 
462 
680 
952 
956 
977 
1,756 
813 



395,613 ' 27,823 



109 



IN DETAIL 

Product during the year 1877. 





Miscellaneous Cuts. 


1 

Hams. 


Shoulders. 


Loose 


Gross 


Tierces 


Other 


Green 
Loose 
Pieces 


Gross 


Boxes. 


Other 


Loose 


Gross 


Pieces. 


Weight. 


Pkgs. 


Weight. 


Pkgs. 


Pieces. 
25.549 


Weight. 


4.443 


6.347.951 


1.614 


6,055 


26,467 


3,615,670 


1,246 


i ,589 


1,289.090 


2,861 


7 097.278 


2,411 


3,659 


65,290 


4,035,092 


1,369 


1 :328 


21,979 


1,273.834 


12.104 


5.600640 


1.322 


2.488 


26,911 


■ 2,309,070 


256 




4,969 


244,539 


22.099 


7,315.278 


1.978 


3,261 


17,796 


2,950,969 


1,455 


5 


62.145 


1,731,342 


15.799 


4,829.085 


1,466 


4,706 


17,296 


2,923,484 


873 




21.246 


797,770 


38.953 


4,107.175 


1.544 


1,527 


8,131 


1,5:35,027 


443 


350 


66.527 


1,313.135 


27,497 


5.986,807 


1,361 


3,432 


7,500 


1,917,527 


1,210 


295 


37.532 


1,394,242 


61,541 


6,007,230 


9.58 


1,551 


17,452 


1,584,334 


1.095 


238 


37,381 


1,246,911 


69,465 


7,534.848 


1.743 


3,436 


1,250 


1,92.3,086 


1,286 


123 


68,716 


1,772,560 


64,042 


7.315.099 


1,.354 


2,066 


6,250 


1,156,028 


1,868 


21 


103.243 


2,668,840 


57,138 


8.035.557 


2,146 


2,332 


2,666 


1,984,369 


1,146 


150 


35,949 


1,316,728 


24.336 


5.688,588 


1.283 


2.910 


3,916 


1,361,169 


1,617 


142 


39,991 


1.668,214 


44.063 


5.889,146 


2,479 


4,2.59 


8.111 


2,516,824 


811 


139 


27,165 


931,665 


36,396 


5,792.573 


774 


1,455 


8,000 


1,188,060 


748 


377 


30,006 


1,038,777 


9,490 


3,705.414 


1,107 


6,666 




1.456.349 


.304 


466 


23,537 


706,309 


9,290 


3,415.714 


3,916 


8,125 




2,429,568 


577 


55 


16,019 


603,598 


19,318 


3.686.895 


3.721 


2,789 




2,227,807 ' 


992 


166 


29,054 


1,088,874 


24,351 


4.974,130 


2,795 


4,120 




2,091.843 


1,379 


225 


20,493 


1,078,711 


8,357 


3,208.857 


2,846 


10,665 




2,605,269 


1.071 


279 


14,979 


938,055 


15,578 


6.045.686 


1,045 


4,361 




1.514.696 


738 


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114 



CASH PRICES OF HOG 



For each Week 



Barreled 
Mess Pork. 



January ... 
February .. 
March 

April — .. 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 

October ... 
November . 
December . 



6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 



@ 
@ 



17 20 
17 25 
16 75 
16 40 
15 80 
15 75 
15 00 
14 25 ® 
14 121/2© 
14 00 @ 
13 15 @ 
13 75 @ 
13 45 @ 

13 90 @ 

14 00 @ 

15 10 @, 
15 67X@ 
14 75 @ 
14 70 @ 
13 8754®. 
13 50 m 
13 45 
12 75 
12 50 
12 60 
12 871, 

12 90 
.13 20 

13 00 
13 10 
13 15 
13 07i/2@ 
12 50 © 
12 00 
12 20 
12 25 
12 50 

12 55 _ 

13 37i/2@ 

13 75 @ 

14 60 @ 
14 12>^@ 
14 00 @ 
13 25 @ 
12 50 @ 
12 25 @ 
11 85 (a 
11 671/2® 
11 75 @ 
11 75 @ 
11 70 @ 
11 40 @ 



@ 



@ 



® 



17 821^ 
17 95 
17 35 
16 95 
16 60 
16 45 
16 00 
15 00 
14 80 
14 50 

13 80 

14 15 
14 05 

14 421/4 

15 00 

15 75 

16 75 
16 00 
15 40 
14 45 

14 00 
13 85 
13 30 

12 90 

13 30 
13 30 
13 25 
13 90 
13 60 
13 35 
13 50 
13 40 
13 00 
12 40 
12 50 
12 62V4 

12 85 

13 121/4 

13 75 

15 00 

14 75 
14 50 

14 75 

15 25 
13 50 
12 75 
12 30 
12 00 
12 00 
12 05 
11 921/2 
11 75 



Steam 

Eendered" 

Lard. 



11 171/2® 
10 90 ® 
10 60 @ 
10 70 @ 
10 55 @ 
10 821/2® 

10 371/2® 

9 75 @ 
9 55 @ 
9 171/2® 

8 95 @ 

9 171/2® 
9 121/2® 
9 30 ® 
9 25 ® 
9 75 @ 

10 00 @ 
9 621/2® 
9 45 @ 
9 171/2® 
9 20 @ 
9 20 @ 
8 75 @ 
8 50 ® 
8 75 ® 
8 62/2® 
8 60 @ 
8 95 @ 
8 871/2® 
8 80 @ 
8 80 @ 
8 60 @ 
8 121/2® 
8 021/2® 
8 20 ® 
8 371/^® 
8 70 ® 
8 70 @ 
8 62/2® 
8 621/2® 
8 65 @ 
8 40 @ 
8 35 @ 
8 00 @ 
8 00 @ 
7 85 @ 
7 721/.® 
7 75 @ 
7 821/2® 
7 72^® 
7 70 @ 
7 55 ® 



11 55 
11 40 
10 95 
10 871/4 

10 82}4 

11 121/2 
10 90 
10 10 

9 85 

9 70 

9 25 

9 50 

9 30 

9 50 

9 80 
10 05 
10 25 
10 05 

9 85 

9 321/4 

9 25 

9 30 

9 1214 

8 85 

9 05 
9 00 

8 90 

9 15 
9 15 
8 95 
8 90 
8 70 
8 55 
8 25 
8 35 

8 75 

9 00 
9 00 
9 05 

8 8714 
8 75 
8 75 
8 55 
8 40 
8 121/4 
8 00 



92'/4 

90 

971/2 

95 

75 

75 



Common 
to Prime 
Grease. 



51/2 @ 8 
51/2 ® 8 
6 ® 9 
® 9 
@ 9 
® 9 
@9 
@ 9 
6 @ 9 
6 @ 9 



6 

5^1 

5 

5 

5 

5 

51/2 

51/2 



9 
9 

8 
8 

8 
8 

81/2 



51/4 @ 814 

51/4 @ 81/4 

51/2 @ 81/4 

5 @ 8 

5 ® 8 

4^ @ 71/2 

41/2 @ 7 

414 ® 7 

41/2 ® 7 

414 @ 7 

41/2 ® 7 

41/2 @ 7 

4>^ ® 7 

4^/, ® 7 

41/2 @ 7 

41/2 @ 7 

41/2 @ 7 

4^ @ 7 

41/4 @ 7 

414 @ 7 

41/2 @ 7 

41/2 ® 7 

41/4 ® 7 

41/2 @ 7 

41/2 ® 7 

5 ® 7^4 



@ 714 
@ 7>i 
@ 714 
@ 714 
@ 71/3 

@ m 

@ 7J^ 



Green 
Hams, 
loose. 



8 ® 9M 
8 ©914 
8 @ 9^ 
SYs @ 9^ 
8^8 @ 9Ji 
8J4 @ 91/i 
8 @ 9J4 
7% ® 9 
71/2 ® 8U 
7^ ® 81/2 
7 @ 8 
7 ® 8 
7 @ 8 
7 @ 8 
7 ® 8^ 
m ® 8!4 
7M ® 814 
7M @ 8^ 
71/2 @ 8H 
714 @ 8 
7 ® 79i 
7 @ 7V2 
7 @ 71/2 
7 ©714 

7 @.Vd 
71/4 ® 7M 
714 ® 7% 
7^ @8 
8M, ® 8Ji 
8X ©9 
81/2 @ 9 
81/2 @ 9 

8 ® 9 
8 @ 9 
8 @ 9 
8 © 9 

8 ©8^ 
814 © 9 
81/2 © 9 
814 ® 954 
8 1/2 @ 914 
794 @ 9 
71/4 ® 81.4 
7 @ 8 
7 ® 8 
6?4 @ 714 
6!4 ® 7 
614 ® 7 
614 @ 7 
6 © 6?i 
6 @e% 
6 ® 6% 



Green 

Shoulders, 

loose. 



614 @ 6X 


6 © 6»4 


5X © 534 


51/2 © 5% 


5% © 5V4 


... 5% 


Sis © 5% 


4% © 51/8 


4?4 © 5 


41/4 © 434 


41/2 ® 4% 


4?g ©4^ 


4>^ © 4U 


4% © 4% 


45^ © 4% 


4% © 51/^8 


5 © 5% 


5 © 514 


4% © 51/8 


4% © 494 


-- 4% 


... 4% 


414 @ 41/2 


... 414 


49g © 4=8 


41/2 @ 4% 


— 4?8 


... 434 


... 494 


494 @ 4% 


... 4% 


4=8 ® 49i 


-- 4rs 


... 4?i 


434 ® 51/8 


513 @ 514 


... 514 


514 ® 5M 


594 ® 654 


6 ® 6^4 


5I£ ® 614 


594 © 6 


594 @ 5% 


4^2 ® 5% 


4% ® 494 


41/2 ® 4?4 


49^ © 41/2 


4I/8 @ 41/2 


414 @ 414 


m @ 413 


39i ® 3^ 


35-8 @ 3% 



115 



PRODUCT (STANDARD) 

during the year 1877. 





Sweet 


Dry Salted 


Short Ribbed 


Short Clear 


Long Clear 


Cumberland 


Long Cut 


Pickled 


Shoulders, 


Middles, 


Middles, 


Middles, 


Middles, 


Hams, 


Hams. 


loose. 


loose. 


loose. 


loose. 


boxed. 


boxed. 


914 @ 10^ 


6k® 6?^ 


8% ® 8% 


9 @ 91/8 


8^2 @ 8% ■ 


8% @ 9k 


101/2 ® Ilk 


%% @, 10^ 


6 ® 6% 


81/2 @ 8% 


8% ® 9k 


8k ® 8?'8 


8% ® 9 


10% ® Ilk 


9^8 @ lOii 


5% @ 6 


8% ® 814 


8% ® 8% 


81/8 ® 8k 


8k ® 8% 


10 @ 11 


9i4 @ 10J4 


5% ® 5% 


8% ® 8/2 . 


8?& ® 8% 


8^8 ® 8k 


8k @ 8J4 


10 @ lok 


9^ @ 10k 


5^ @ 5% 


8 @ 8% 


8/2 @ 85g 


7% @ 8^8 


8 W8M 


10- @ lOk 


9% ® wa 


5^2 @ 5% 


8?^ @ 8/2 


— 8% 


-- 81/8 


8k ® 8J^ 


10 ® lOk 


9}i @ lOX 


5k® 5;^ 


81/8 @ 8% 


8?-^ @ 8% 


7% @ 8M 


8 ® 8K2 


9i4 @ lOk 


9 @ 10 


5 ® 5k 


7% @8k 


7% ® 81/2 


7% @ 7^8 


71/2 ® 8 


9k® 9% 


9 @ 9% 


5 ® 51/8 


71/^ ® 8 


7% ® 81/8 


7k ® 71/2 


7%@8 


9k ® 9/2 


8}i@ 9^ 


4% ® 5 


71/8 ® 7% 


71/2 ® 8 


7 ® 71/2 


7k® 8 > 


9 ® 914 


8>4@ 9 


^% @ 4% 


7 ® 7k 


7?4 ® '^% 


6% @ 714 


7 @7X 


814 ® 9 


8 @ 9 


4% @ 5 


7?^ @ 1% 


7% ® 7% 


73i@7% 


71'i @ 7% 


8M @ 9k 


8 @ 9 


4^8 ® 4% 


7k @ 7^ 


7?-i ® 7% 


7 ® V'i 


7% @ 714 


9 @ 9'/2 


7« @ 9 


4% ® 5 


7k ® 7^2 


7% @8 


7k @ 71/, 


7k @ 71/2 


9 @ 914 


7^ @ 9K 


4% ® 5 


7k ® 79g 


7?'8 ® 8 


71/8 ® 71^ 


7I/6 @ 71/2 


9 @. 91/2 


81/2 @ 93^ 


5 @5k 


7% ® 8 


8 @ 8% 


, 7^ @ 7^-8 


71^ ® 8 


9k ® 914 


81/2 @ 9^ 


5k ® 5% 


7% ® 8^ 


81/8 @ 8% 


7%®8 


7^ @ 7% 


9U @ 9% 


8% @ 9?£ 


51^ ® 5% 


7>^ @ 7% 


7% ® 81/i 


7k @ 75-8 


7k® 7% 


9k @ 9% 


8>i ® 9M 


5 @ 51^ 


7% @ 75g 


7%@7% 


7^8 @ 7k 


7 @ 71^ 


9k @ 914 


814 ® 9X 


4% ®4% 


6% ® 7 


71/8 @ 71/2 


656® 7 


6% @ 7k 


8% @ 9k 


.'r%@, 9y3 


-.-. 4% 


6% ® 7 


71/8 ® 71^ 


6% ® 6% 


6%®7 


8/2 ® 8% 


1% @ 8M 


— 4% 


6%® 6% 


7 @7y8 


614 ® 6?-8 


6% ® 7 


814 @ 8% 


7j^ ® m 


^% @4% 


6K®6% 


QVi ® 6% 


6 @ 6% 


6 ® 6% 


8 @ 85^ 


71/8 @ 81/2 


4% @ 41/2 


6k ® 6% 


6% ® 61/2 


5% ®6 


6k ® 6>/2 


8k ® 81^ 


m® 8M 


41/^ ® 4% 


61^ ® 7 


61/2 ® 6% 


6 @ 6k 


6k @ 65s 


8k @ 8% 


714 @ 854 


4% ® 4?i 


6?'8 @ 6% . 


6% ® 6^ 


6k® 6% 


6% ® 6% 


814® 8% 


7^ @ 9/2 


.- 4% 


6% ® 6% 


— 6% 


— 6k 


6% ® 6% 


8^ @ 9 


81/^ @ 10 


4% @5 


6% ® 7k 


6% @ 71/8 


6k ® 6% 


6i4® 7 


8%® 9% 


9 @ 10 


4% @ 5 


6% ® 7k 


7 ®7% 


6% ®6% 


6% @ 7 


9k.® 10 


9 @ 10 


5 @5% 


7 


— 7k 


6%@7 


6% @ 71/8 


9%@ 10 


9 @ lO^iT 


4% @596 


6% @ 7^8 


71/8 @ 7^2 


6%® 7 


6% @ 71/^ 


9% @ 10k 


914 @ lOk 


4% ® 4% 


6?6 @ 6% 


%% ® 7 


6% @6% 


6% ® 7 


10 @ IQi^ 


9k @ 101/2 


-- 4% 


6% @ 6% 


65g ® 6% 


6% @ 6k 


6% @ 8 


10 @ 10i4 


9% @ 10% 


4% @ 5 


... 6?g 


6% 


61/8 @ 6k 


71/2 ® 8 


10 ® lOj^ 


954 @ lOM 


5 @ 5k 


6^-8 @ 6% 


6% @ 7 


6% @ 6K2 


7^2® 8 


10 ® 10/2 


91/2 @ 10% 


5k @ 5H 


S^f^ 


7 ® 71/8 


6/^ ® 6% 


W2 ® 81/2 


10 @ 1054 


9>^ @ 10% 


J-- ^ ?'/^ 


7 ® 7k 


7 @ 7% 


6% ® 7 


8 ® 8k 


10 @ 10k 


9% @ IIM 


554 ® 6k 


7 @7% 


7k @ 7^2 


7 ® 7k 


8 @8>^ 


10 ® WYi 


10% @ 111/2. 


— 61/2 


7^8 @ 1% . 


8 ®8y8 


'!% ®7% 


8k ® 8V4 


9% @ 1054 


10% @ 11 1^ 


y- 5^ 


— ^ "^^ 


8% @ SH, 


... 7^ 


8k ® 8i4 


9% ® 10 


10'/2 @ 1134 


6k @ 6K2 


7% ® 7% 


7« @ 8V4, 


7%® 7% 


8 ® 814 


91/2 ® 10 


lOk @ Ilk 


61/8 @ 6k 


71/8 ® 7% 


'^% ® 7^ 


7 ®7% 


7% @8k 


9k @ 9% 


10 @. 10% 


6 @ 61^ 


— 71/8 


.- 791 


7 


8 @ 8k 


9 @ 9X 


8 @ 10% 


51/2 @ 6% 


6% @ 71/8 


7 @7% 


6% @ 7 


7% ® 8 


8% @ 9 " 


8 @ 10 


5k @ 5% 


6%@6% 


6%@7 


6% ® 6% 


7k ® 7% 


8% @ 9 


8 @ 9 


4% @ 5k 


61/8 ® 6?^ 


61/2 ® 6^ 


6 ® 6k 


7k ® 7% 


8k ® 8% 


71/2 @ 9 


4^ @ 5 


6J6 ®6k 


6k® 6?^ 


5% @ 6 


7k ® 7% 


8k ® 8% 


7k @ 8 


4k ® 4% 


6 ® 6% 


6 ®-69^ 


5% @ 5% 


61/2 @ 7;^ 


7% @ 8% 


7k @ 8 


4k ® 4?^ 


5?g ® 6 


6 @6k 


5% ®5% 


63^ @ 6% 


7>^ @ 8 


7k @ 8 


4 ® 4k 


5% ® 6 


5% i 6^8 


5% ® 5% 


6k @ 6% 


71/2 ® 8 


7k @ 7% 


4 


-- 5% 


-.- 5^ 


514 ® 55^ 


6k ® 6^ 


714 @ 7% 


7 @ 7% 


3% ® 4 


55i ® 5% 


5% ©5% 


5H®59^ 


6k ® 6/2 


7k® 7% 



116 



Daily Current Prices during the month of January, 1877, for 

months at Seller^ 



Dates. 



Jan. 1. 

2. 

3.. 

4.. 

5.. 

6. 

8.. 

9.. 
10.. 
11.. 
12.. 
13.. 
15.. 
16.. 
17.. 
18.. 
19.. 
20.. 
22.. 
23.. 
24.. 
25.. 
26.. 
27-. 
29.. 
30.. 
31.. 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Feb. 



26%@1 27?^ 
27 @1 28«^ 
27 @1 27 3£ 
26%m 27 

26 @,\ 27 

27 @1 283^ 
28H@1 29>^ 
29 @1 30 
27'/2@l 29^ 
28i/2@l %%% 



1 29?ii@l 30M 



29^@1 31M 
1 30i/8@l 31^ 
1 29'/2@l 3114 
1 -TSVs^X 29 
1 my^m 31^2 
1 30^@1 32 
1 30%@1 31% 
1 30X@1 31 14 
1 28%@1 30 
1 27}i@l 283£ 
1 26 14®! 28>^ 
1 26'/2@l 2714 
1 23%@1 26 
1 2414®! 2514 
1 24ii@l 257^ 



No. 2 

Spring VVlieat, 

Seller March. 



1 28%@1 
1 2914®! 
1 28J£@1 
1 28 @.l 



277i@l 
28J£@1 
30i4@l 
305^@1 
291^®! 
30'/o@l 
31M@1 



1 ^\m 



3234@1 
3t%@l 
30i4@l 

32H@1 
33 @1 



29J4 
30 

29;/2 

285£ 
28?^ 
30J4 
3Ui 
31^ 
311/2 
31V4 
32% 

335i£ 



1 32i/2@l 



32X@1 
31 @1 
29%@1 
28i4®l 



25'/^@l 
25%@1 
26X@1 



31 

33/2 

3414 

33% 

a3i/2 

3214 

31 

30?^ 

291/8 
283^ 
271/2 
27% 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 
Seller April. 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller 
Feb. 



1 32 ®1 32^ 



1 

1 

1 

1 30%@1 



35 

33)^ 
32 

321/2 



1 27%@1 29 



44i/4@453i 

44'/2@44% 
44i/2@44?'i 
445<@449£ 

44%@i5ys 
44i/2@44% 
44i4@445'8 
44 ©44% 



44%@44% 
449g@4ii^ 
43%@44ii 
43%®4S% 
44i4@44% 
44 ©4414 
43%@44>^ 
43/2@43% 
42i/s@43i4 
42%@42% 
42?^@43i4 
42 ©421/2 
413i@42i^ 
42ii@42% 
42i4@42% 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller 
May. 



48%®49i4 

49M@49% 

49>^@49i4 

49 ©49^ 

49>^@49i4 

49i^@49i/2 

49 ©4914 

48% ©49 

48H©49 

48i^@49 

49 ©49?g 

49%m9% 

49>i©49i/2 

48%©49>^ 

48%@48% 



49 ©4914 
487^@49^ 
4898©48% 
41Vi@,4%% 
47M@47^ 
47 ©47% 
46}4@47i4 
46 ©46^ 
46ii©47?| 
46%®47i4 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller 

Feb. 



34%®34'4 

34'/2@34% 

34,%@;35 

34%@35 

34%©35i^ 

355^©35i4 

35%m5M 

35%@35i.; 

35J^@35ii 

.... 3514 

.... 35% 

35%©35% 

35%®36 

35M®35% 

35 5^ ©35% 

35%@35% 

35%©35% 

.... 35% 

35'^®36 

35%@35% 

.... 351^ 

.... 35% 

.... 3514 

.... 35 

35%©35i/^ 

35%®35i/2 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller 

March. 



35^@35^ 
.... 3514 
35%©35/2 
.... 35'^ 
.... 36 
35% ©36 
35%@36 
35%®35% 
.... 35% 
.... 36^ 
36Ji®36^ 
35% ©36 
36i/2©36% 



mx@36% 

36% 



36J6@363C 
36 ®36^ 
.... 36 
.... 35% 
35i/2@35^ 
.... 36 
35%@36 



Daily Current Prices during the month of February, 1877, for 

months at Sellers* 





No. 2 


No. 2 


No. 2 


No. 2 Corn, 


No. 2 Corn, 


No. 2 Oats, 


No. 2 Oats, 


Dates. 


Spring Wheat, 


Spring Wheat, 


Spring Wheat, 


Seller 


Seller 


Seller 


Seller 




Seller March. 


Seller April. 


Seller May. 


March. 


May. 


March. 


April. 


Peb.l.. 


1 27'i@l 29 






42%©43% 


46%©47i4 


36 ©364 


36%©36% 


2.. 


1 26 ©1 28% 


i 28%@i 29% 


i 33 ©i 33% 


42%@42i..S 


46%@46i/2 


.... 35% 


3Bi4@^6% 


3.. 


1 27 @1 28 


1 2914©! 29% 


1 33 ©1 331/^ 


42%©42% 


46i4@46% 


35%®35% 


.... 36%, 


£.. 


1 27i/2©l 2914 


1 30 ©1 31 




42%©43i4 


46%@47% 


.... 35% 


36%©36i4 


6.. 


1 29!4®1 30% 


1 30%@1 3214 


1 35 @i 36 


42%@43i4 


46%@47% 


.... 36 


.... .36/2 


7.. 


1 29 ©1 301^ 


1 30i/8@l 31% 


1 34 ©1 35 


42%©42% 


46»4@46% 


.... 36 


.... 369^ 


8.. 


1 30V4@1 32% 


1 31i4@l 3314 


1 35%@1 36% 


42}4®42% 


46 @46i/2 


.... 36% 


.... 36H 


9.. 


1 31i/2@l 32% 


1 32%@1 34 


1 36 


41 ©41% 


44%@45% 


.... 35% 


.... 3614 


10.. 


1 31 @1 31% 


1 32i4©l 331^ 


1 35%©1 36 


41i/2©41% 


45}4®45% 


.... 35% 


36%©36i4 


12.. 


1 32i^©l 32% 


1 32»4©1 34 


1 36i4©l 36% 


41i/2@42 


45%®45% 


.... 35% 


36i%©36% 


13.. 


1 32M©1 33 


1 33'i©l 34% 


1 36i4©l 371^ 


41%©41% 


45%©45% 


35%®^5% 


36i%@36i4 


14.. 


1 29%@1 32% 


1 31i4@l 33% 


1 341/2©! 37 


41i/2@41% 


45i^@45% 


35i4@35y; 


35%@;i5% 


15.. 


1 31' 2© t 32/2 


1 33 ©1 34 


1 36 @1 37 


41i/2@42% 


45!o@46i4 


35%@35% 


35%@36 


16.. 


1 31%@1 32% 


1 33%®1 34% 


1 36 ©1 37)4 


42 ©4214 


46 ©46/2 


35 @35',4 


35%@:K% 


17.. 


1 31%©1 3214 


1 33%@1 33% 


1 36'/2©l 36% 


42 @42J4 


46 ©46% 


34!^@34% 


34%@35l^ 


19.. 


1 31%@1 33 


1 331/2®! 341,2 


! 36%@! 371^ 


41%@42% 


45%@46% 


34i/2@34% 


34%@;i5 


20.. 


1 28i4@l 30% 


1 30 ©1 32% 


1 33%@1 3514 


41i4©41i/2 


45i/8©45% 


.... 34 


34ii©35 


21.. 


1 25'/„@l 2814 


1 27U@l 30 


1 30%@1 331; 


40%@41i4 


44%©45% 


33%©33>2 


.... 34 


2.3.. 


1 241 2@1 26% 


1 26'/2@l 28% 


1 30 ©1 32% 


41 ©41% 


44%@45% 




33%@34% 


24.. 


1 26i4®l 27% 


1 28 ©1 2914 


1 32^©! ,3314 


41 @41% 


45H@45% 


33%@34 


34i%®34i/2 


26.. 


1 24 ©1 25% 


1 25%©1 27% 


1 30 ©1 31% 


40ii©40% 


44%©45 


33%©33i4 


33%@34 


27.. 


1 2214®! 23% 


1 24^®1 25% 


1 28 @1 29% 


39%@40 


44 ©4414 


33ii@a3i4 


33%@3:3% 


28.. 


1 20i4@l 221/2 


1 22 ©1 24% 


1 27 ©1 28% 


39i4©,39% 


43%©44% 


33 ®33i4 


33i/2©33% 



117 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Feb. 



17 42X@17 63'/2 
17 ZlYzm'1 67^ 
17 52i4@17 70 

17 65 @17 95 

18 10 @18 40 
18 10 @18 40 

17 87i4@18 20 

18 12^@18 32^ 
17 67i4@18 00 
17 45 @,n 90 
17 17i/i®17 55 
17 32j^@.17 50 
17 45 @17 60 

@17 10 
@16 85 
©17 25 
@17 10 
@16 90 
16 %1Mmi 05 
16 87^®17 00 
16 90 @17 031/4 
16 60 @16 80 
16 32i/4@16 45 
16 45 @16 50 
16 65 @16 671/2 
16 25 ©16 40 



16 65 
16 80 
16 95 
16 85 
16 65 



Mess Pork, 
Seller March. 



17 725i@17 87% 
17 75 ©17 92 14 
17 80 ©18 00 

17 95 ©18 17J^ 

18 37i4©18 6714 
18 35 ©18 80 
18 17><r@18 50 
18 45 ©18 mVz 
18 00 ©18 TiVi 
17 67i4©18 30 
17 52i/i@17 93'^ 
17 65 ©18 00 
17 72Vi@17 95 
16 95 ©17 65 

16 90 ©17 20 

17 22i^@17 60 
17 00 ©17 45 

16 92y2©17 20 

17 15 ©17 35 
i7 15 ©17 27'/^ 
17 10 ©17 30 
16 75 ©17 0714 
16 53>^@16 75 
16 65 ©16 75 
16 70 ©17 07!4 
16 47'/^©16 75 



Mess Pork, 
Seller April. 





. 18 85 


18 75 


©18 80 


18 75 


©18 80 


18 60 


©18 621/2 


18 05 


©18 10 


18 12H@18 15 


18 00 


©18 15 


18 10 


©18 1214 


17 25 


©17 90 


17 25 


©17 45 


17 62i4@17 90 


17 30 


©17 50 


17 25 


©17 45 


17 50 


©17^0 


17 47H©17'5b 


17 35 


©17 55 


17 00 


©17 30 


16 85 


©17 00 


16 95 


©17 00 


16 95 


©17 30 


16 70 


©17 00 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 

Seller Feb. 



11 30 ©11 40 
11 30 @11 45 
11 30 ©11 45 
11 40 ©11 55 
11 62'/4©ll 771/2 
11 45 ©11 72Vi 
11 35 ©11 671,4 
11 52i4@ll 631/2 
11 20 ©11 35 
11 05 ©11 30 

10 90 ©11 13 

11 05 ©11 15 
11 07i4©ll ISH 
10 70 ©10 95 
10 70 ©10 85 
10 87i/2@ll 05 
10 80 ©11 00 

10 72i^@io m% 

16 90 ©10 93 
10 95 ©10 91Yi 
10 90 ©10 95 
10 75 ©10 85 
10 62H@10 75 
10 70 ©10 75 
10 80 ©10 90 
10 67i4@10 75 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller March. 



11 45 ©11 5214 
11 42i4@ll 60 
11 45 ©11 60 
©11 7214 
©11 921/2 
©11 9214 
@11 75 
©11 82% 
©11 60 
©11 52% 
11 12%@11 35 
11 17i4@ll 40 
11 25 ©11 85 
©11 25 
©11 10 
©11 25 
©11 32% 
©11 0714 
©11 15 
©11 12% 
11 02%@11 12% 
10 87%@11 05 
10 75 ©10 87% 
10 77}^@10 90 
10 95 ©11 10 
10 77^@10 92% 



11 55 
11 80 
11 60 
11 50 
11 70 
11 40 
11 25 



10 90 

10 90 

11 05 
11 00 

10 90 

11 05 
11 05 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller April. 



11 72%©11 85 

ii"82^©ii'85"' 
11 67%©11 90 
11 90 ©11 92% 
11 70 ©11 75 
11 47%@11 65 . 

- 11 55 

11 47i/2@ll 50 
11 50 ©11 55 
11 10 ©11 25 
11 05 ©11 22% 
11 30 ©11 40 
11 20 ©11 37% 
11 05 ©11 17% 
11 17%@11 30 

11 20 

11 20 ©11 25 
11 05 ©11 20 

10 90 ©11 00 
1100 

11 07i/2@ll 20 
10 92%@11 05 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller March. 



16 20 ©16 60 

15 95 ©16 2714 

16 15 ©16 25 
16 30 @16 50 
16 15 ©16 53% 
16 25 ©16 37% 
16 25 ©16 35 " 
15 87%@16 25 
15 82%©16 10 
15 90 ©16 O2V2 
15 62%@15 75 
15 00 ©15 30 

14 90 ©15 25 

15 22U@15 40 
15 15 ©15 35 
14 75 ©15 10 
14 15 ©14 45 
14 10 ©14 45 
14 60 ©14 85 
14 25 ©14 50 
14 05 ©14 30 
14 15 ©14 40 
14 32i/^@14 50 



Mess Pork, 
Seller April. 



16 50 ©16 85 
16 22ii@16 52Vi 
16 35 ©16 47% 
16 50 ©16 70 
16 40 ©16 75 
16 45 ©16 57% 
16 47%@16 55 
16 05 ©16 45 
16 07%©16 32% 
16 10 ©16 27% 
15 87%@16 02% 
15 30 ©15 65 
15 20 @15 52% 
15 47%@13 70 
15 42%@15 67% 
15 00 ©15 40 
14 45 ©14 80 
14 .40 ©14 80 
14 87%@15 15 
14 45 ©14 77% 
14 30 ©14 50 
14 40 ©14 70 
14 57%@14 75 



Mess Pork, 
Seller May. 



16 55 
16 60 
16 85 
16 70 
16 75 



©16 60 
©16 65 
©16 87% 
©16 75 
©16 80 
16 67%@16 70 
16 42%@16 45 
16 30 ©16 35 
©16 50 
©16 -25 
©15 75 
©15 72% 
©15 90 
r) G7%@15 80 
15 25 ©15 53% 
14 70 ©15 00 

14 70 ©15 00 

15 12%@15 35 
14 75 ©15 00 
14 55 ©14 75 
14 65 ©14 95 
14 85 ©15 00 



16 45 
16 15 
15 55 
15 50 
15 85 



Prime Steam 
Lard, 

Seller March. 



10 70 ©10 85 
10 60 ©10 77% 
10 72%©10 82% 
10 85 ©10 95 

10 95 ©11 07% 

11 00 ©11 17% 
11 07%@11 25' 
10 80 ©11 05 
10 85 -©10 97% 
10 87i4@10 97% 
10 65 ©10 72% 
10 40 ©10 50 
10 30 ©10 42% 
10 43%@10 52% 
10 40 ©10 55 
10 10 ©10 30 

9 75 © 9 931/2 
9 55 © 9 87% 
9 95 ©10 10 
9 67%© 9 85 
9.55 © 9 65 
9 65 © 9 72% 
9 63%@ 9 75 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller April. 



I 10 82i/2@10 95 
10 75 ©10 90 
10 85 ©10 95 

10 97%@11 07% 

11 05 ©11 17% 
11 12%@11 27% 
11 30 ©11 30 

10 92ii,@ll 15 

11 00 ©11 10 
10 97'2@11 00 
10 77%@10 871/2 
10 55 ©10 6714 
10 42%@10 60 
10 57'..@10 67% 
10 55 ©10 67% 
10 35 ©10 50 

9 90 ©10 05 
9 70 ©10 05 
10 12%@,10 22% 
9 80 ©10 02% 
9 65 © 9 80 
9 75 © 9 87% 
9 80 © 9 90 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller May. 



11 00 ©11 05 
11 17%©11 20 
11 30 ©11 35 
11 40 ©11 45 

ii'i2%@ii"i5" 

11 17%@11 20 
11 12ii©ll 15 
10 90 ©10 95 
10 70 ©10 75 
10 55 ©10 75 

-- 10 73% 

10 67i.i@10 70 
10 .37i-i@.10 52% 
10 05 ©10 17% 
9 87i/2@10 15 
10 27i4@10 37% 
9 95 ©10 15 
9 80 @ 9 92% 
9 95 ©10 02% 
9 95 ©10 02% 



^:\^^3«5;; 



118 



Daily Current Prices during the month of March, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



Mar. 



1. 

2. 

3. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8- 

9. 
10. 
12. 
13- 
14. 
15- 
16. 
17. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller April. 



23i/j@l 
25J4@1 



1 23%@1 



23}6®1 
22 @1 



1 24K@1 



2514®! 



2474®1 
24}4@1 
22?i@l 
22%@1 

23 @X 
23%@1 
225g®l 
225'8®1 
23i/,®l 

24 ®1 
255^®1 

26M@1 
26?^®1 
2714®! 
261/2®! 



25>i 

25% 

24% 

33 J£ 

23% 

2514 

26% 

26^ 

27 

25 J£ 

24 

23% 

2:3% 

24}^ 

2314 

235!£ 

25 Ji 

251/8 

251/2 

2614 

27?^: 



1 25 ®1 



25i4@l 
25%@1 



27^ 
2614 
26 
261/2 



No. 2 


Spring Wheat, 


Seller May. 


1 27^@1 29 


1 2914®! 30 


1 27i4@l 28 


1 27i^@l 273i 


1 26 @1 27^ 


1 28X®1 29 


1 2914®! 30% 


1 28i/4@l 30X 


1 28?£@1 301/4 


1 28i4@l 291/2 


1 262i@l 28 


1 27 @1 28 


1 2714®! 28 


1 2714®! 28 14 


1 26%®1 27% 


1 26M@1 27% 


1 28 @1 30 


1 28i/2@l 29^ 


1 2834®! 29?i 


1 291/2®! 30% 


1 31 @1 31j^ 


1 31 ®1 32?^ 


1 31^@1 335g 


1 31 k®! 33 


1 293i®l 31 


1 30i/8@l 30% 


1 30K@1 313^ 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller June. 



1 29 



1 29}4@1 291^ 
1 29>^ 

i'36ai@i'3i" 



1 31 @1 31^ 
1 31 @1 32 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller 
April. 



40i4@405l£ 
41>i®41>^ 
40>^@40^ 
40%@40>^ 
40 ®40^ 
40i^®40% 
«)%@40i4 
395£@40>^ 
j 39%®39% 
i 39%®39'/2 
39 ®39i4 
39 ©3914 
38%®39>^ 
39%®39>^ 
38%@39i^ 
39 ©3914 
39%@.39i/2 
39^®39V4 
38^®39 
.— 39^ 

39K@39i4 
— . 3914 
.... 39% 
38^®39 
37%®38% 
38 @38% 
"M - " 



No. 2 Corn, 

Seller 
May. 



44i^@44--K 
44Ji@45% 

44M@44% 
^ 43%@44^ 
43%@44i^ 
43'4.®Uya 
44 ©4414 
43?i®44 
43 ©43% 
42%@43i/, 
42%®43 
42%®43i4 
42%®43Ji 
43i/8®43i4 
42%®42% 
42%@43 
42?i®43i4 
42%@42% 
42^@432i 
42%@42% 
42?'8@43 
42%@42% 
42?g@42% 
42i4®425i 
41%®42i4 
41%@42i4 
415C®42i/8 



No. 2 Oats, 
Seller 
April. 



33i/2@;53?£ 
.... 34 
.... 331/z 
.... 33^ 
332i©33% 
.... 333i 
33%©33i/4 
33 ©331/4 
32 ©3214 
32^@32% 
32i4@32% 
32%®32i4 
32'4®32% 
33>^®33?£ 
.... 331/2 
33%@33i/4 
.... 331/2 
33i4@33% 
32% ©33 
.... 3214 
— - 32% 
.... 321^ 
31%©31% 
30%©31% 
30%@30i4 
.... 31 
31 ®31i4 



No. 2 Oats, 
Seller 
May. 



36H@3Hi/J 
.... 36^ 
.... 3614 
.... 3614 
.... 3614 
.... 36Vi 
.... 36 
35!/2©35M 
34%@35 
345!i@35 
34%®.345i 
.... 345£. 
34%©35 
35i4@35^ 
35J4®35i4 
.... 35% 
.... 35% 
! 35ii®35% 
35 @.35>^ 
.... 35 
.... 34% 
.... 34% 
342i@35 

33%®34 

34X©34i/2-, 

34i^@34% 



Daily Current Prices during the month of April, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 





No. 2 


No. 2 


No. 2 


No. 2 Corn, 


No. 2 Corn. 


No. 2 Oats, 


No. 2 Oats, 


Dates. 


Spring Wheat, 


Spring Wheat, 


Spring Wheal, 


Seller 


Seller 


Seller 


Seller 




Seller May. 


Seller June. 


Seller July 


May. 


June. 


.May. 


June 


April 2. 
3. 
4. 


1 29K®1 3154 


1 30%®! 3214 




4!%@42i4 


41%@42i4 


34%©34% 





1 32 @1 33^ 


i"33ii®il4% 


'.'.'."'. ""'.. 


42i4@42i/2 


42%©43" 


34>^©34% 


'.'.'.'. II" 


5. 


1 31 ^®1 33% 


1 32%®! 34 


_.__ 


42i4@42% 


42%@43 


-.- 34% 





6. 


1 33i4©l 34^2 


1 33i4@l 3514 


134 


42%©43 


43i/8@43i/2 


35 ©35^ 


..._ 


7. 


1 34X@1 36M 


1 35%®! 37% 


....-- .-_.-- 


43%@43% 


43^©44i4 


35%-@35% 


. 


9. 


1 37/o@l 39% 


1 39 @1 41 




44i4@44% 


44%@45% 


36i/i@36% 





10. 


1 37%@1 4014 


1 38 ®! 4! 





43%®45 


44'/2@45y4 


36i/2©37i/i 





11. 


1 40 @1 4214 


1 41 ®1 43 


__. _,-_ 


44%@45% 


45i/g®46% 


37%@37% 


37%@37i/2 


12. 


1 38i4@l 4114 


1 39 ©1 42 


1 391/2 


44i/2@45% 


45 ©46}4 


37%©37% 




13. 


1 40M®1 42 


1 43 ©1 43 




45ii@46i^ 


46 ©461/4 


37i/2®37% 





14. 


1 43 ®1 45 


1 43%©! 46 




46%©48 


47%@48% 


37%©38i/4 


38i/2©38% 


16. 


1 45 ©1 47 


1 46 ©1 48 





48%@49% 


49>^@50% 


38 ©381/4 


38i4@38% 


17. 


1 41!/2@1 4414 


1 42%©! 45% 





45%@48 


46%@49 


37 ©3714 


27J^@37%, 


18. 


1 41i/2@l 451/2 


1 43 ©1 45% 





45i/2@47yj 


46Ji@48i/2 


37i4@37i4 


. 


19. 


1 445Si@l 461/4 


1 46 ©1 4814 


. 


47%©48i/2 


483^©49i/2 


371^ ©38 


.... 38% 


20. 


1 46 @1 48'/4 


1 48 ©1 50 





45i4©47i4 


47%@49M 


37%®37i/2 


37%@38'4 


21. 


1 47i4@l 51 H 


1 491/2®! 531/4 


._,,-_ 


47 ©47% 


47%@48% 


37i/2©37% 


.... 38!i 


23. 


1 51 ©1 55Ji 


1 521/4®! 56% 


_.__._ 


47i4@48i4 


48i4@49i4 


.... 371/2 


.... 381/4- 


24. 


1 60 ©1 65^ 


1 61 ©1 67% 


_ 


48i4@49% 


49i4@51i^ 


38i4©39i/4 


39i4@40 


25. 


1 65 ®1 78 


1 68 ®! 80 





54%®58 


57i4@60>^ 


403^@41i4 


42'/2©43H 


26. 


1 64 ®1 71 


1 67 ®! 77 


..- .. ...... 


54 @57>^ 


56i4©63 


40 ©42 


41 ©4314 


27. 


1 66>^®1 70 


1 69 @! 731/4 


! 70 


55i4@57i/4 


57%@59i4 


40 ©40% 


42 ©42/2 


28. 


1 69 ®1 72 


1 72 ©1 74% 


1 7! 


55i/2@57i/2 


57%@60 


41 ©42% 


43i/2@44 


30. 


1 621/4®! 72 


1 65 ©1 75 


1 671/4®! 6854 


56i4®58% 


58y2@60i4 


41%©42 


43^@43%; 



119 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller April. 



14 40 
14 30 
14 25 
14 05 
13 75 
13 35 
13 GO 
13 20 



14 65 ©15 00 
14 60 i@15 05 
14 52i4@14 rnVt 
14 40 @14 671/4 
@14 60 
@14 50 
@14 45 
@14 421/^ 
@14 12'/2 
@13 90 
@13 45 
@13 621/4 
13 22%@13 45 
13 35 @.13 50 
13 ■57V4@13 80 
13 65 @13 95 
13 55 @13 80 
13 90 @14 15 
13 82i/,®14 05 
13 87i/«®14 05 
13 9U ©14 05 
13 45 ©13 75 
13 30 @13 55 
13 52i/4@13 72'^ 
13 80 ©13 95 
13 92i/«@14 05 
13 70 ©13 90 



Mess Pork, 
Seller May. 



14 90 
14 85 
14 75 
14 60 
14 60 
14 55 
14 45 
14 25 
14 00 



©15 



©14 



©14 
©14 



13 52t/2@14 
13 25 ©13 
13 40 ©13 
13 42i/4@13 
13 50 ©13 
13 77i/2©14 
13 90 ©14 

13 70 

14 05 
14 00 
14 00 
14 05 
13 60 _ 
13 42>^@13 
13 62y2@13 

13 92J4@14 

14 05 ©14 
13 82H©14 



©14 
@14 
©14 



20 

30 

90 

90 

82^2 

721/2 

65 

65 

35 

10 

65 

85 

mVi 

70 

021/2 

00 
35 

27V4 

271/2 

22/2 

00 

72^2 

95 

121/2 

25 

05 



Mess Pork, 
Seller June 



14 00 ©14 10 
14 15 ©14 20 
14 15 

14 47i/4©14 50 
14 25 ©14 30 
14 15 ©14 27i4 

i3'85"'@i4"o6"" 

13 75 ©13 95 

14 00 ©14 10 
14 12i4©14 20 
14 25 ©14 321/2 
14 05 ©14 25 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller April 



9 90 
9 75 
9 621/4© 
9 55 © 
9 50 © 
9 42%© 
9 40 © 
9 25 © 
9 12/2© 
8 95 © 

8 85 © 

9 00 © 
9 05 © 
9 071/4© 
9 20 @ 
9 25 © 
9 20 @ 
9 371/2© 
9 32J<r@ 
9 321/2© 
9 37%© 
9 15 @ 
9 07%© 
9 15 © 
9 17%© 
9 27^© 
9 25 © 



971^ 

05 

72% 

70 

72% 

60 

52% 

50 

27% 

17% 

10 

20 
9 12% 
9 15 
9 27% 
9 32% 
9 37% 
9 50 
9 47% 
9 47% 
9 45 
9 35 
9 17% 
9 30 
9 30 
9 32% 
9 30 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller May. 



10 05 ©10 12% 
9 S%@10 12% 



85 
85 
85 

65 
9 60 
9 423^ 



9 75 

9 67%© 

9 62%® 

9 55 " 

9 50 

9 40 

9 25 

9 07%© 9 30' 

8 92i^@ 9 20 

9 121^© 9 30 

9 15 © 9 22% 
9 15 @ 9 27% 
9 27%© 9 42% 
9 321^® 9 42% 
9 271^© 
9 50 1 
9 42%® 
9 45 
9 47%© 
9 25 ~ 



47% 

60 

60 

60 

57% 



9 15 
9 25 
9 30 
9 40 
9 321/ 



9 47% 
@ 9 27% 
© 9 40 
© 9 42% 
© 9 47% 
© 9 A%}i 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller June. 



9 47%@9 50 
9 62>i?@9 65 



9 65 
9 65 
9 60 
9 60 
9 40 
9 25 



72% 
©9 67% 
©9 &li4 
©9 62X 
©9 45 
©9 37% 
9 32?!£@9 47% 

9 42% 

9 52>^©9 55 
9 50 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork. 


Mess Pork, 


Mess Pork, 


Prime Steam 
Lard, 

Seller May 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller June. 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller July. 


Seller May 


Seller June. 


Seller July. 


14 05 ©14 22% 


14 30 ©14 32% 





9 42%© 9 52% 


9 52%® 9 60 




i4"30""@i4'45" 


i4'45""@i4"55"" 





9 57%® 9 67% 


'9'65"'®'9'72% 


'.'.'.'..'.'. '.'.....'. 


14 12%@.14 30% 


14 30 ©14 37% 


. .._,__ 


9 45 ©9 57% 


9 55 © 9 67% 


. ,_. 


13 95 @14 15 


14 05 ©14 25 





9 32%© 9 42% 


9 45 © 9 53% 


___.._. 


14 05 ©14 20 


14 15 ©14 30 





9 37%® 9 47% 


9 45 © 9 57% 


.... - -_ 


14 20 ©14 40 


14 32%@14 55 


.._ 


9 42%@ 9 55 


52%© 9 62% 


.-_. - . 


14 05 ©14 15 


14 17%©14 25 




9 35 © 9 40 


9 45 © 9 50 





14 20 ©14 35 


14 35 ©14 47% 


_. 


9 45 © 9 52% 


9 55 © 9 65 





14 22i/2@14 37% 


14 40 ®14 50 


,...,_ 


9 45 © 9 52% 


9 60 © 9 62% 





14 30 ©14 47% 


14 42%@14 60 


. ._ 


9 50 © 9 5714 


9 60 © 9 67% 


_. 


14 52%@15 02/2 


14 65 ©15 20 





9 60 @ 9 80 


9 75 @ 9 90 





15 25 ©15 97% 


15 55 ©16 15 


_^_^ ^ ••-- 


10 00 ©10 221/i 


10 12%©10 35 





15 00 ©15 65 


15 17%@15 82% 





9 70 ©10 02% 


9 80 ©10 15 





14 87%@15 26 


15 05 ©15 45 


,.._ ... 


9 65 ©10 00 


9 80 ©10 10 





15 15 ©15 35 


15 25 ©15 47% 


;_. 


9 85 © 9 90 


9 95 ©10 02% 


....... ----..._ 


15 30 ©15 65 


15 45 ©15 82% 




9 92%@10 07% 


10 02%®10 17% 





15 47%@15 67% 


15 62%©15 85 





10 00 ©10 07% 


10 10 ©10 20 


. 


15 65 ©15 80 


15 77i/2@15 95 





10 00 ©10 07% 


10 10 ©10 20 


__.. 


15 85 ©16 25 


16 00 ©16 40 




10 05 ©10 17% 


10 15 ©10 30 


..__ _ ... . 


16 50 ©17 00 


16 65 ©17 20 


16 87%©16 90 


10 22%@10 40 


10 30 ©10 50 


10 45 


16 00 ©16 30 


16 12%@16 80 


16 37%©16 40 


10 05 ©10 25 


10 05 ©10 45 


10 30 ©10 32% 


15 77i/2©16 00 


15 90 ©16 20 


16 22/2®16 25 


10 02%©10 07% 


10 10 ©10 20 


10 27%©10 30 


15 85 ©16 00 


15 97%©16 30 


16 30 ©16 37% 


10 00 ©10 15 


10 10 ©10 27% 


10 32i4@10 35 


15 80 @16 00 


15 95 ©16 22% 


16 15 ©16 25 


10 02i/4@10 07% 


10 10 @10 20 


10 26 ©10 30 



120 



Daily Current Prices during the month of May, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 


No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 
Seller June. 


No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller July. 


No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 
Seller August. 


No. 2 Corn, 
Seller June. 


No. 2 Com, 
Seller July. 


No. 2 Oats, 
Seller June. 


No. 2 Oats, 
Seller 
July. 


Mayl-. 

2.. 

3-- 

4.. 

5.. 

7.. 

8-. 

9.. 
10.. 
11.. 
12.. 
14.. 
15.. 
16.. 
17.. 
18.. 
19.. 
21.. 
22.. 
23.. 
24.. 
25.. 
26.. 
28-. 
29.. 
30.. 
31.. 


1 57 @1 63 
1 54 @1 61 
1 58 @1 6454 
1 68 @1 75 
1 74i/2@l 80 
1 71 ®1 80 
1 655£@1 71 
1 62 ®1 70 
1 66!i@l 6914 
1 69 @1 72 
1.70%@1 75 
1 a5;4@l 71 
1 65 @1 68 
1 601/2®! 6414 
1 60 @! 63 
1 &'J @1 6514 
1 60>^@1 65 
1 57V4@1 m<A 
1 53K@! 5714 
1 47i^®l 55 
1 47 @1 52 
1 47M@1 51 1^ 
1 40S£@1 4414 
1 43 @1 48V4 
1 4714®! 51 

i"46i^@i"49^ 


i"54"@i"58 
1 60 ®1 62 
1 67 @1 rZVi 
1 72i/2®l 77 
1 681/^®! 75 
1 633i£@l 68 
1 63 @! 68 
1 65 ®1 67 
1 68 @1 71 
1 69?£®1 7354 
1 64i^@l 67 
1 64 @1 671/3 
1 60 @1 65 
1 60!4@1 64 
1 64 @! 6614 
1 6l;^@l 66 
1 58ii@l 60^ 
1 5414®! 5814 
1 48 @! 56 
1 48 @1 53 
1 47 @,1 51 
1 40 ®! 44 
1 42 @1 4814 
1 48 ®1 5114 

i'48"@i'52"' 


--- 

...... 

'.'..'.'.. i'35" 
1 40 

1 38 @1 42 

'".'.'.'. i'35" 

i'3i"@i'35" 

1 31i/2®l 32 
1 27 ®1 28 
1 28 @1 30 
1 32 @1 33 

i'36"@i'32" 


52M®57 

51 @53% 

52 @633i 
543^@56i^ 
57 ®58i4 
56i4®59i/2 

53!4®55% 
53?'8®55i4 
54 ®55% 

54%@57M 

53 ®54i4 

51%@53i4 

49%@51% 

495^@50% 

50i4@52 

49>^@51i^ 

48i^@50 

47}4®48% 

46%®48i/2 

46}4@48^ 

46 ®465!i 

43%®45i4 

43i4@4i7^ 

44>C@45% 

42yj@435^ 


57i^@60'3i 

56^@58 

55i4®57% 

53?^®55% 

56i/^@58i^ 

56%@59% 

55 @56% 

54%@559'8 

52%®545g 

52i4@53% 

53 ®54M 

52i4@54i/2 

51i4®52i4 
50 ®51% 
49i4@51^ 
49 @51 
48'/2@49i/2 
46i^.@48 
45%@47% 
46?'8@48% 

45%@46M 


4iy2@42i/2 

41M®42y8 

42J4@43M 

44y,@46i4 

44i/2@46M 

45%@45M 

443^@45% 

43i/2®45 

44^-@442i 

44i^®45 

44 ®44X 

43i4®43% 

42i^@42% 

41 @,ilYi 

42ii@43 

41i4@42 

39y®40 

39^®40i4 

39%@40i/^ 

39^@40 

39 @39^ 

37M®38i4 

37M@38 

373i@38i/2 

36i/2@39" 


37'i@38" 



Daily Current Prices during the month of June, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



June 1. 

2. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16- 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22- 
23- 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 
Seller July. 



51i/^@l 55^ 
50^@1 551/^ 

50 @1 53 
45K@1 4314 
43 @1 47J4 
46 @1 4914 
46J4@1 48>^ 
48 @1 51 

51 @1 54 
1 49 ^@1 54 

1 48 @1 511^ 
1 481/.®! 51 
1 46'/4@l 4814 



4414®! 47^ 
4014®! 44 



1 44^@1 46 
1 41=^®1 45 
1 42 @1 44^ 
1 43 @1 451/4 
1 44 @1 46K 
1 42J4@1 AA% 
1 42 @1 44% 
1 401'?®! 4314 
1 41 @1 42?£ 
1 35 @1 39 
1 34^@1 36 



No. 2 
Spring Wheat, 
Seller August. 



1 32 
1 33 
1 33 
1 30 
1 27 
1 29 



@1 351^ 
@1 3514 
@1 34 
@1 311/2 
©1 301/^ 
®1 31 
1 29J4@1 3054 
1 30;s'@l 33 
1 32 @1 3414 
1 30><^@1 2&Y2 
1 29)^@1 32>4 
1 30i/i@l 32 



28'/4®l 30 

26 ®1 29 
22^@1 2514 
25i^@l 27 

23 ®1 2554 

24 @1 26 
241/2®! 271^ 

27 @1 285£ 



1 251/2®! 27^ 
! 26%®! 28 
1 241/2®! 2614 
! 2414®! 2554 
! 20%@! 23H 
1 2034®! 2214 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Sept. 



1 25 

1 2014®! 2754 
1 25 @! 26 



1 18 

'.'.'.'W i'ig" 
1 1914®! 21 
1 201/2®! 221/2 

! 22 

i'26i4@l 22 
1 19 @1 20 
1 18 @1 I81/2 
1 16 @1 17M 
1 15 @! 16 



No. 2 Corn, 



Seller July. Seller Aug, 



No. 2 Corn, 



47i4®48 

46i/2®475£ 

46>^®47 

46i4®46K 

45i/2@46% 

46i4@46M 

45%@46M 

46i4@46% 



46%@47i/s 

46i4®47 

46i4@47^ 

45M®46i4 

45i4®46% 

43J£®44% 

45%@46^ 

45i/^®46 

45?i@46M 

46 ®465^ 
469-3@47i/2 
46i/2@475i 
47i^®47% 
46%®47i4 

47 ©4714 
45%@46^ 
45% ©4514 



49M®50 

485i@50 

48i4®48% 

48 ®48?'8 

4754®48 

475i@48i/j 

473^@4854 

48i4@48% 

48 @49% 

48>8'@49i4 

47%@49 

48 ®48% 

47J£®48 

47J«®48 

45%@46% 

47%®47% 



475i@48i/2 
47a£@48i/2 
48 ®48% 
47M@48% 
48?^®49 
47%@48i/3 
48i^®48% 
47 ©47% 
47 ©471^ 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller July. 



38 ®38'/2 

375^@38 

37y2@37% 

37i4@372£ 

37i4@37?i 

37M@'37% 

36i/2@365£ 

36%®365^ 

37i/^@37i4 

37i4@37ii 

.37i/8®37i^ 

.37i^@3734 

.... 371^ 

37 ©37)i 

36i/o@365£ 

36i/2©36% 

35%m6 

35i4®.35i4 

35i/@355^ 

.... 35M 

35\mm% 

35?'8@35% 
35i/2@355£ 
35>i©35K 
34i4®34% 
33 ©34 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller 
August. 



3!^ 



32 



32 ®.32% 
32'^@32% 
32i4®32i4 
.... 3214 
3! @31% 



-*^!^ £-' .'^^v.^-i^i^^^^vjivr-^. 



121 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller June. 



15 00 

14 70 

15 20 
15 26 
15 20 
15 25 
15 00 
14 70 
14 75 
14 70 
14 75 
14 05 



@15 35 
@15 10 
@15 40 
@15 50 
@15 80 
©15 65 
@15 15 
©15 05 
@15 00 
@14 871/2 
@15 00 
@14 60 
14 12i/,@14 30 
1-3 90 ©14 20 
©14 00 
©14 20 
©14 15 
©14 05 
13 67y2©13 80 
13 57y2@13 75 
13 35 ©13 50 
13 50 @13 70 
13 32y2@i3 5254 
13 32y2©13 50 
13 50 ©13 90 

i3"52y2@i3"75" 



13 75 

14 00 
14 00 
13 85 



Mess Pork, 
Seller July. 



15 20 ©15 45 
15 10 ©15 271/2 
15 40 ©15 55 
15 45 ©15 671/2 
15 40 @15 95 
15 42i^@15 85 
15 20 ©15 30 
14 92i/2@15 20 
14 85 ©15 12y2 
14 82!^@15 00 
14 85 ©15 25 
©14 70 
©14 47y2 
©14 3314 
©14 131^ 
14 07i4©14 35 
14 15 ©14 30 
14 00 ©14 15 
13 80 ©14 00 
18 72y2©13 95 
13 47y2@13 65 
13 65 ©13 90 , 
13 50 ©13 70 
13 47y2@13 67y2 
13 65 ©14 1214 

i3"76"'@i3"93!4 



14 15 
14 20 
14 05 
13 90 



Mess Pork, 
Seller August. 



13 90 
13 80 
13 90 
13 75 
13 70 



©14 10 
@13 8214 
©13 95 
©13 80 
©13 80 
. 14 10 

'. 1395" 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller June. 



9 75 © 9 95 
9 63y2© 9 80 
9 90 ©10 00 
9 85 ©10 02y2 
9 87y2@10 05 
9 85 @ 9 95 
9 7314© 9 80 
9 63y,@ 9 70 
9 45 "@ 9 6214 
9 45y2@ 9 57y2 
9 4714© 9 60 
9 27y2@ 9 42y2 
9 25 © 9 3214 
9 15 © 9 2714 
9 071^© 9 2214 
9 1714© 9 35 



9 20 
9 20 
9 20 
9 20 
9 20 
9 25 
9 20 
9 20 
.9 25 



9 25 
© 9 30 
© 9 25 
© 9 25 
© 9 2214 
© 9 30 
© 9 25 
© 9 25 
© 9 321^ 



9 32y2@ 9 30 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller July. 



9 87>4©10 

9 87^4© 9 
10 05 ©10 

9 97^@10 
10 02!4@10 

9 97y2@10 



9 85 
9 75 
9 55 
9 55 
9 55 



_ 9 

© 9 
@ 9 
© 9 
© 9 
9 37y2@ 9 
9 35 © 9 
9 25 © 9 
9 17y2@ 9 
9 25 © 9 
9 32y2@ 9 



9 30 
9 30 (j 
9 32i4(! 
9 25 d 
9 30 
9 30 
9 30 



9 37y2© 9 



00 

92y2 

10 

02y2 

15 
00 
90 
80 

70 
70 

72y2 

50 

42y2 
37y2 
32y2 

45 

37y2 

40 

37y2 

37y2 

35 
40 

37V^ 

37y2 

45 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller August 



9 



9 47y2©9 
9 47V^©9 
9 45 ©9 
9 47y2©9 

9 

9 45 @9 
9 52i4@9 



50 
50 
50 

47/2 

50 

47>4 

47/2 

55 



9 35 @ 9 4214 9 52i4@9 55 



tJie Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 


Mess Pork, 


Mess Pork, 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller July. 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller August. 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Sept. 


Seller July. 


Seller August. 


Seller Sept. 


13 80 ©13 97y2 


13 95 ©14 10 




9 40 ©9 45 


9 52i/2@9 55 




13 42y2©13 55 


13 62y2©13 65 


__.. 


9 30 ©9 35 


9 40 ©S 431/2 





13 10 ©13 371/2 


13 35 ©13 50 





9 17i4©9 30 


9 32y2©9 371/2 





13 05 ©13 22y, 


13 20 ©13 321/2 





9 12y2©9 20 


9 25 ©9 30 





13 05 ©13 20 


13 15 ©13 321^ 





9 10 ©9 171^ 


9 20 ©9 271^ 





13 05 ©13 1214 


13 17i/2@13 27y3 


__._ 


9 12i/2©9 20 


9 22y2©9 271/^ 





12 50 ©12 90 


12 70 ©13 00 





8 85 ©9 1314 


8 95 ©9 15 




12 72i/@12 90 


12 82i/2@13 10 





8 85 ©8 95 


8 95 ©9 05 





12 82y,@12 90 


13 95 ©13 05 




8 87i/2©8 90 


8 95 ©8 971/2 





•12 60 ©12 871/2 


12 70 ©13 02/2 





8 70 ©8 90 


8 80 @9 00 


... 


12 40 ©12 60 


12 52i/@12 75 





8 40 ©8 55 


8 50 ©8 65 


._ 


12 45 ©12 571/2 


12 55 ©12 721^ 





8 50 ©8 60 


8.57V2@8 6714 





12 55 ©12 75 


12 65 ©12 85 





8 70 @« 85 


8 67y2@8 921/2 


_...__ .. 


12 55 ©13 70 


13 67iA©13 85 





8 65 ©8 771/^ 


8 75 ©8 85 


______ 


12 52i/2@12 65 


12 65 ©12 7714 




8 75 ©8 80 


8 83y;@8 8714 


__ 


12 70 ©12 80 


12 75 ©12 95 


13 00 ©13 05 


8 75 ©8 771/2 


8 85 @8 871^^ 


8 97U@9 00 


12 87i/2©13 10 


13 00 ©13 30 




8 85 ©8 95 


8 93i/2©9 0714 




13 20 ©13 35 


13 30 ©13 50 


13 52i4@13 60 


9 00 . ©9 10 


9 07i4@9 30 


9 25 ©9 30 


.12 77!4©12 90 


12 90 ©13 071/^ 


13 10 


8 85 ©8 90 


8 93i/4©9 00 


9 05 ©9 07/4 


12 60 ©13 00 


12 65 ©13 nVi 


12 85 ©13 50 


8 80 ©8 90 


8 90 ©9 05 


- 9 00 


12 87i/2©13 15 


12 90 ©13 35 


13 20 ©13 30 


8 95 ©9 00 


9 05 ©9 10 


9 10 ©9 15 


13 12i/3©13 371/2 


13 35 ©13 50 


13 50 ©13 571/2 


8 95 ©9 00 


9 02i/^@9 10 


9 12i/,®9 20 


12 97i/2@13 1214 


13 10 ©18 35 


13 80 ©13 35 


8 77y,@8 85 


8 87y2@8 95 


9 05 ©9 10 


12 «0 @12 90 


12 87i/@13 05 


13 10 ©13 20 


8 72i/2©8 75 


8 83i/a@8 85 


8 92y2@8 95 


12 87i/2©13 00 


12 97i/2@13 1714 


13 12i^©13 30 


8 62i4@8 70 


8 72i/4@8 85 


8 85 @8 90 


12 75 ©12 9214 


12 90 ©13 0714 


13 12i/2@13 25 


8 57i4©8 6214 


8 70 ©8 nVi 


8 87i4@8 9214 



122 



Daily Current Prices during the month of July, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



July 2. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

9- 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
30. 
31. 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 
Seller August. 



-2mm 2314 

2014®! 21 1/2 
21i/2@l 2214 
22'4@1 24 
21i4@l 23 
19V'»@1 21% 

nvim 18% 

17 @1 18% 
19 @1 2014 

18 @1 20'/4 
18^®! 191/2 

1 16i4@l 181/2 
1 \5%m 1754 
■ \6%<m 17% 
15 @1 161/2 
14J4@1 15 
15i/2@l 16Vi 
14J4@1 ISJi 
141/2®! I61/2 
151/2®! I61/2 



1 14H@1 15 



n%@X 13% 
lly2®l 13% 



1 10><^@1 12^ 



No. 2 


Spring Wheat, 


Seller Sept. 


1 15X@1 I61/2 


1 U%m 1554 


1 15 ®1 15S£ 


1 15 ®1 15^ 


1 141/2®! 15 


1 13 @1 14 


1 1154@1 12 


1 11>4@1 13 


1 13^@1 1414 


1 12 @1 13Si 


1 13 @1 14 


1 12X@1 13 


1 11 @1 1254 


1 iiy2@i 1254 


1 10 @1 11 


1 08i4@l 0954 


1 091/2®! 11 


1 084®! 1254 


1 0954®! 10% 


1 09!/2@l 1054 


1 0854®! 0914 


1 06i/2@l cn% 


1 06'/2®l 08V6 


1 051/2®! 07 



No. 2 
Spring Wheat, 
Seller October. 



No. 2 Corn, 

Seller 

August. 



47y2@47% 
47i/2®47% 
47%@48?& 
48i/2®49 



47%@48% 

47%®48?i 
47%@483i 
485^@48y2 
48i4@48?4 
48%@48K 
48 @,48% 

463^®47 

47 ®47% 

4754@49^8 

47%@48i/2 

48>^®49^ 

48i4@49 

4754@47% 

47 ®47% 

4754@47% 



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Seller 
September. 



48%@49% 
49i/2®50 
49 ©49% 
4954®49% 



475'8@47% 

48y2@48% 

4854@49 

48i/2@48^ 

48?'8@49 

48%@48% 

48 ©481/2 

47J6@475^ 

4654®47 

47%@475i 

4754®49% 

47%®48y2 



48i4@48?i 
47 @47y2 

46%mm 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller 

August. 



.... 31 

30i4@303i 

30J£®31 

30i/2®303!i 

.... 3024 

3054@30i/2 

28i4@28i/i 

28%@29>^ 

28%@28a£ 

.... 28% 

285g@a85£ 

.... 28% 

-.-. 28% 

28i4@28'/i 

27%@28 

.... 271/2 

27i/^®28i/2 

28' ®28ii 
2754@28 
26%@27>i 
27 @27% 
275^®27% 



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Seller 
Sept. 



27%®28 
.... 28 
273i' 

2754®27y2' 
.... 27 
2754@27M 
.... 271/2 
.... 27?i 
27%@27!|i 
26%@27 
26^®27^ 
26%@27 



Daily Current Prices during the month of August, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



Ang.l.. 

2.. 

3.. 

4.. 

6.. 

7.. 

8.. 

9.. 
10.. 
11. . 
13.. 
14.. 
15.. 
16.. 
17.. 
18.. 
20.. 
21.. 
22.. 
23.. 
24.. 
25 
27.. 
28.. 
29.. 
30.. 
31.. 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Sept. 



051/2®! O61/2 
041/2®! O61/2 
0414®! 0554 
04M®1 05% 
0424®! 0554 
03 @! 04^ 



1 011/2®! 021/2 
1 0054®! 00 

1 01 @i 021/2 

99%®1 011/2 
971/2® 99 
95>^@ 

9554® 
95 @ 
93 @ 
92%@ 



9824 



915^ 



965^ 
95 
931/2 
93% 

971/2 



9454® 
971/2®! 00% 

95J4@ 
941/2® 
9724® 



961/2® 

95X@ 
971/2© 
9314® 



9624 
9954 
99% 
9954 



99M 
99% 



No. 2 
Spring Wheat, 
Seller October. 



971/2® 98 

9754® 98 

94%® 97 

931/2® 9554 

96 ® 98 

95%® 97 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Nov. 



No. 2 Corn, 

Seller 
September. 



47%@47% 

46%@47 

46i/2@47 

46i/2©47 

46y2@46% 

45%@46i/2 

45 ®45y2 

44%@45% 

45 @45^ 

43%®44% 

4224©43% 

42%@43M 



43 @43% 

4254©43^ 

4!i/2@42% 

40% ©41 1/2 

4!%©42i/2 

43 ©43% 

42 ®42% 

4!%@42 

42 ©42% 

42%®42% 

42 ©421/2 

4!%®425^ 

4254®42% 

4254®42% 



No. 2 Com. 

Seller 

October. 



43%®44 

4354®43% 

42%@435i 

4!%®42% 

4!%©4!% 

42 ©42% 

43%@43% 

4254®43 

42 ©42% 

42i/2©43 

42% ©4.31^ 

42i^©4224 

4!%@42% 

42%©4224 

42%@4354 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller 
September. 



26J£@26% 

25%©26% 

25i/2@253!£ 

25%©26 

25%@26 

25 ©2554 

2451 ©24% 

24V4@24y2 

24 ©2414 

23%©2324 

22i/4®22% 

22%©2354 

2354@23% 

235Si®24 

222i©23}^ 

22%©22% 

22%@22y 

23 ©23% 

232i©24K 



23 ©23% 
23%®23% 
23y2®23% 
2354@23i/2 
.... 2351 
2354®23% 
2354®23% 



No. 2 Oats, 

Seller 

October. 



-.- 23% 
23^@23i/2 
2354®23%. 
23%©24 
24 ©241^ 
23it©2354, 
i 22%©33 
i 22%©23 
I 2354®232£ 
24 ©24% 
I 23%@24 
23y.©23% 
.... 24 
24 ©2456 
23%®24 
23i/2©23M 
23%@24}6 
23%,@2454 



T^'fV'V 



- .123 ■■" 

the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller August. 



12 97'/o@13 mV2 

13 05 @13 20 
13 30 ©13 35 
13 17»/2@13 271/^ 
13 20 @13 30 
13 32'/2@13 45 
13 35 ©13 50 
13 35 ®13 471/2 
13 47y2®13 70 
13 57'/2@13 77/2 
13 50 @13 60 
13 07i/2®13 55 
13 00 @13 22V4 
13 17'/o@13 52% 
13 25 @13 371/2 
13 37y2@l3 50 
13 25 ©13 371^ 

©13 321^ 
©13 25 
©13 2214 
©13 30 
©13 221/2 
©13 20 
©13 20 



13 00 
13 20 
13 10 
13 15 
13 15 
13 10 
13 10 



Mess Pork, 
Seller September. 



13 15 ©13 20 
13 30 ©13 35 
13 37i/2@13 45 
13 30 ©13 4314 
©13 3714 
©13 571^ 
@13 60 
©13 571/4 
©13 80 
13 67i4©13 871/2 
13 60 ©13 671/2 
13 20 ©13 621/2 
13 12i/2@13 3214 
13 35 ©13 60 
©13 5214 
©13 60 
©13 57% 
©13 50 
13 45 
©13 50 
©13 55 
©13 42% 
©13 42% 
©13 40 



13 35 
13 45 
13 55 
13 45 
13 60 



13 40 
13 50 
13 40 
13 25 

is" 35 
13 40 
13 35 
13 30 
13 30 



Mess Pork, 
Seller October. 



13 65 
13 50 
13 55 



Prime Steam 
Lard, 

Seller August. 



8 72%©8 77% 
8 82%@8 85 
8 90 ©8 95 
8 92%@8 97% 
8 92%@8 97% 

8 95 ©9 10 

9 07%@9 15 
9 07>^©9 10 
9 10 ©9 20 
9 15 ©9 20 
9 10 ©9 15 
8 90 ©9 10 
8 87%@8 95 
8 97%@9 00 

8 95 ©8 97% 
8 95 ©8 97% 
8 92i/2@8 95 
8 85 ©8 95 
---.. 8 90 

- 8 90 

8 90 
8"85"'@8 90 
8 80 ©8 90 
8 70 ©8 80 



Prime Steam 


Lard, 


Seller Sept. 


8 87% 


8 97%@9 00 




9 02% 


9 05 


©9 07% 


9 05 


©9 07% 


9 10 


©9 20 


9 20 


©9 25 


9 17>^©9 20 1 


9 20 


©9 25 


9 22%@9 27% 1 


9 20 


©9 22% 


9 05 


©9 17% 


8 95 


©9 02% 


9 05 


@9 10 


9 05 


@9 07>^ 


9 05 


©9 10 


9 00 


©9 02% 


9 00 


©9 05 




. 9 05 
. 9 05 
. 9 05 
4©9 05 






9 021, 


9 00 


©9 07% 


890 


©9 00 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller October. 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 

Seller 
September. 



13 40 
13 55 

13 52%@,13 
13 40 ■ 

13 30 
13 30 
13 12%©13 
13 05 ©13 
13 15 ©13 
13 12%@13 
12 87%@13 
12 85 ©13 
12 85 ©12 
12 85 ©13 
12 62V2©12 
12 30 ©12 
12 10 
12 35 
12 25 
12 05 
12 00 
12 15 

12 22%©12 
12 12i/2@12 
12 22%©12 
12 20 ©12 
12 22%@12 



©12 



©12 
©12 
©12 



52% 

65 

62% 

50 ■ 

37% 

35 

27% 

27% 

37% 

20 

15 

00 

95 

00 

80 

50 

25 

45 

50 

30 

25 

27% 

35 

30 

27% 

37% 

30 



Mess Pork, 
Seller October 



13 45 ©13 60 
13 70 ©13 75 
13 67%@13 70 
13 45 ©13 50 
13 .35 ©13 42% 
13 37%@13 40 
13 10 ©13 .371/2 

12 95 ©13 15 

13 10 ©13 27% 
13 02%©13 12% 
12 75 ©13 00 

©12 92% 
©12 87% 
©12 95 
©12 80 
12 32%©12 55 
12 10 ©12 30 
12 35 ©12 55 
12 30 ©12 50 
12 15 ©12 40 
12 07%©12 25 
12 22%©12 32% 
12 25 ©12 47% 
12 25 ©12 40 
12 27%@12 37% 
12 35 ©12 50 
12 35 ©12 45 



12 75 
12 75 
12 85 
12 60 



Mess Pork, 
Seller November. 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Sept. 



8 90 



9 00 
890 
8 80 

8 75 



8 55 
8 50 
8 55 



©8 95 

9 02% 
©9 02% 
@8 92% 
©8 87% 
©8 80 
8 62%@8 70 
8 67%@8 70 
8 62%©8 70 
8 60 ©8 62% 
©8 60 
©8 55 
©8 57% 
8 55 
8'37%@8 471/2 
8 12%©8 27% 
8 02%©8 12% 
8 20 ©8 30 
8 15 ©8 27% 
8 02%©8 10 
8 05 ©8 12% 
©8 27% 
©8 35 
©8 35 
8 25 
©8 30 
©8 32% 



8 20 
8 25 
8 25 

8'25 
8 20 



Prime Steam 


Lard, 


Seller October. 




8*82li 


8 67%®8 77% 1 


8 60 


©8 65 


8 70 


©8 75 


8 62i^@8 65 1 


8 55 


©8 57% 


8 50 


©8 52% 


8 52%©8 55 1 




. 855 

©8 47% 


8 35 


8 12%©8 27% 1 


8 05 


©8 17% 


8 27%@8 37% 1 


8 20 


©8 35 


8 07%©8 15 1 


8 10 


©8 173^ 


8 22%@8 32>^ 


8 27%©8 42% 


8 30 


©8 40 




. 8 32% 


8 35 


©8 40 


8 30 


©8 40 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Nov. 



124 



Daily Current Prices during the month of September, 1877, 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



Sept. 1. 

3 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 



No. 2 Spring 

Wheat, 
Seller Oct. 



98i/2®l 
01?i@l 
99V4@1 
02 ©1 
03'4@1 
02)^@1 



1 01i4@l 

1 02 @1 

1 00?i@l 

99>^@1 

1 01 m 

1 00^@1 



01J4@1 

02 m 

03>^@l 



1 03 Ji®! 
1 05i4@l 
1 0514^1 
1 05Ji@l 
1 05^@1 
1 06 @1 

1 05 m 

1 06i^@l 
1 06i4@l 
1 05%@1 



00^ 

03 

01 /s 

04 

05 

03% 

02?^ 

03% 

01 ?i 

00% 

03% 

02»4 

02?i 

05^ 

05K, 

06 

07^ 

06 Ji 

06% 

07i4 

(n% 

06?8 
07 '/j 
07% 

06% ! 



No. 2 Spring 

Wheat, 
Seller Nov. 



No. 2 Spring 

Wheat, 
Seller Dec. 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller Oct. 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller Nov. 



1 03%@1 0514 
1 04^4@1 05 
1 04'/«@l 06 
1 04i4@l 05% 
1 04 @1 04Ji 
1 04V4@1 05i^ 
1 03%@.l 04?i£ 
1 02>^@1 04 



1 02X 



43i4@43?s 
432£@44i4 
433^@44>^ 
43Ji@45>i 
45 @45% 
44!/2@45^ 
44%@44M 
44%@44% 

44 @44'/2 

43^@44K 

42%@435i 

43y8@43'/2 

43%@44 

43J^@44;i 

43 @43% 

43%@43J£ 

43 ©431/2 

42%@43ir 

41%@42i4 

41i4@42}4 
41?i@42i4 
42Ji@425i 
42 @42>s' 



41%@41% 
41)i@413i 
41i^@42ii 
411/2^421^ 

4:1%@42X 



No. 2 Oats, No. 2 Oats, 
Seller Oct. I Seller Nov. 



24i4@24i/2 

24%@24% 

24 @24J4 

24^@24ii 

24ii@24% 

24 @24M 

23%@24 

24i4@24^8 

24%@24i/2 

24i4@24i/2 

24i4@24'/2 

24 ©2414 

24i4@24i4 

24>/8@24'/2 

24i4@24% 

.... 2414 

24i^@24i4 

24 ©2414 

23?i@24 

23%@23% 

23i^@235^ 

23'/2®23ai 

23%@23'/2 

23%@23% 

23%@23^ 



25 



.... 24 

2324@23% 
23%@23% 
23i/2®23% 
233i@23% 
23%@23% 



Z>«f7?/ Current Prices during the month of October, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



Oct. 1.. 

2.. 

3.. 

4.. 

5.. 

6.. 

8.- 

9.. 
10.. 
11- 
12.. 
13.. 
15.. 
16.. 
17.. 
18.. 
19.. 
20.. 
22.. 
23.. 
24.. 
25.. 
26.. 
27-. 
29.- 
30.. 
31.. 



No. 2 Spring 

Wheat, 
Seller Nov. 



02 @1 
02 @1 
02i4@l 
0314®! 
04V4@l 
06i4@l 
08 @1 
08?i@l 
07%@1 
06'/^@l 
07%@1 
06?^@1 



1 05^4@1 



05 ^@1 



04i4@l 

0494@1 

05'/2®l 

04?^®1 

05(/.@l 

04'A@1 

0378@1 

04!8@1 

03-3®l 

1 04Ji®l 

1 0378@1 

1 04^@1 



03 

0314 

0314 

041/2 

05% 

075^ 

lOJi 

11 

0914 

07?4 

08^8 

07f^ 

07 

06% 

06% 

05/2 

06% 

O6/2 

0514 

O614 

0578 

05 

05 

04% 

0494 

04% 

05/2 



No. 2 Spring 

Wheat, 
Seller Dec. 



1 06 ®1 06J4 



06i6®l 06% 
05 '^®1 061/4 
04%@1 0514 
0553®1 06% 
04V2@1 0578 
03?4@1 0478 
03i/2@l 04% 
03 ®1 03i,'4 
03i/4®l 0334 
OSlUm 03% 
03%@1 04 



No. 2 Spring 

Wheat, 
Seller Jan. 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller Nov. 



41M®42 

42i4@42?4 

417i®42ii 

4178@42i4 

41%@42i/8 

42i8@42% 

42%@42% 

42i4@43i/8 

42%®42?4 

42Yn@,42% 

42i/o@43i/8 

42%@42% 

42i4@42% 

42'8@42% 

42i4@42i4 

42U@42i/3 

42%@427i 

4278@43% 

43'/2@437l 

43 7s ©441/2 

43i/2®44i4 

43i/2®437^ 

4B%®43?i 

43%@43M 

43%©44^ 

43%@43% 

43J4©4334 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller Dec 



41i4®41M 
4ii/2@4i% 



No. 2 Oats, 
Seller Nov. 



23?i@237^ 
23?4@237s 
23%©2378 
23%®2394 
23%@23% 
23i.i@23?8 
23%@23i/2 
23%®23'/2 
23% 



23% 



1/9 



23%@23i/» 
23i4®23% 
23;8®23J4 
.... 2.314 
--.. 2314 
23J8@23i4 
23%@23i/2 
23%®237s 
23'/2@23% 
23%@23i/2 
— - 23/2 
23%@23'/2 
23?4@237^ 
2354©2378 
23%@23% 
.... 23% 
23/2@23% 



No. 2 Oats, 
Seller Dec. 



24i/s@24% 
23?4@24" 



237i@24 

237ii®24 

2394@23% 

.... 2.3% 

-— 23% 

— - 23% 

.... 231/2 

23%@23% 

23 71® 24 

23M@237S 

23%@24 

237^@24 

23%@237i^ 

23M@24 

&37^@24 

23 78 ©24 

23=l£®23% 

---- 23% 



125 



far the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Oct. 



12 45 @12 55 
12 47'.i@12 5214 
12 27i4®12 421^ 
12 2Ti/2®12 3214 
12 30 ®12 35 
12 3~;/2@12 47!4 
12 47i/2@12 mVi 
12 57>^@.12 75 
12 8') @.12 871/2 
12 55 @12 721/2 
12 37!/2@12 621/2 
12 50 @12 60 
12 52i/2@12 55 
12 50 @12 571^ 
12 52y2@12 571/^ 
12 60 @.12 75 
12 77>4@12 85 
12 77/2®12 87/2 

12 85 @13 O^M 

13 12/2@13 60 
13 30 ®13 50 
13 37'/2@13 47% 
13 40 @13 75 
13 65 @13 85 
13 50 @13 70 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Nov. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Dec. 



12 10 



13 00 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 

Seller Oct. 



8 45 ®8 50 
8 47H@8 50 
8 40 @8 42/2 

8 40 

8 45 @8 521/^ 
8 57J4@8 70 
8 70 @8 80 

8 87i^@8 95 

9 00 @9 021^ 
8 77i4@8 97>^ 
8 65 @8 80 

8 72/2@8 75 
8 72i/^@8 75 
8 70 ©8 72V4 

- 8 75 

8 70 

8 90 @8 92H 

8 92^2 

8 95 

9 02i/2@9 07^2 

8 90 

8 95 

8 90 

8 75 @8 80 
8 50 @8 75 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Nov. 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 

Seller Dec. 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to ti?ne. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Nov. 



13 05 
13 10 



12 95 
12 90 



@13 07>4 
@13 1214 
. 13 00 
. 13 00 
@13 00 
@12 95 



12 60 

12 60 

12 65 

- 12 67^ 

12 70 

12 70 @12 75 
12 65 @12 70 

12 70 

12 65 @12 70 
12 75 @12 80 
12 85 @]2 90 
12 70 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Dec. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Jan. 



12 90 
12 95 
12 85 
12 90 
12 95 



12 87>/2@12 97X 

13 02i4@13 10 
12 85 @12 95 

©12 95 
@13 05 
@12 97% 
©12 95 
©13 00 
12 97%@13 05 
12 87i/2@12 95 
12 82/2®12 87% 
12 77%©12 87% 
12 70 ©12 82% 
12 80 ©12 87% 
12 70 ©12 80 
12 42%©12 55 
12 55 ©12 67% 
12 55 ©12 65 
12 62>^@12 20 
12 60 ©12 67% 
12 57%@12 60 
12 50 ©12 62% 
12 62%©12 65 
12 57>^@12 65 
12 60 ©12 62><^ 
12 57><r@12 67>^ 
12 60 ©12 65 



Prime Steam 
Lard, 

Seller Nov. 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 

Seller Dec. 



8 27% 

8 27%©8 30 
8 27%@8 30 



8 17% 



Prime Steam 

Lard. 

Seller Jan. 



8 37%@8 40 
8 40 



8 30 



8 35 
8 30 



©8 .35 
. 830 
©8 42% 
©8 35 
8 32%@8 40 
8 40 ©8 42% 
8 37%@8 42% 
8 32%@8 35 
8 32i^®8 35 

©8 32)4 

8 27>^@8 30 
8 27Vi@8 35 
8 22y@8 27% 
8 17%@8 20 
8 20 ©8 25 
8 20 @8 25 
8 22'i©8 25 
8 22>;@8 27% 

8 22X 

8 20 ©8 22% 
8 22%@8 25 
8 25 ©8 27% 
8 173<^@8 22% 
8 15 ©8 17% 
8 12%©8 15 



126 



Daily Current Prices during the month of November, 1877, for 

months at Sellers' 



Dates. 



Nov. 1. 

2. 

3. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Dec. 



1 035'8@1 0414 
1 03 @1 04% 
1 027s@.l 03/2 
1 03%@1 MVi 



1 04i/8@l 
1 03M@1 
1 04i/8@l 
04H@1 
04J^@1 
06Ji@l 
065i@l 
06?^@1 
06 @1 
05%@1 
06 



1 06%(! 



0714®! 
06?8®1 
06M@1 
07 @1 
08i/2@l 
08J4@1 
07 @1 



04K 

04% 

04M 

051^ 

06'/2 

07% 

07% 

07% 

061/^ 

06 

06% 

07 J£ 

07 7« 
07i/j 
07M 

08 J4 
lOii 
09?8 



1 06 @1 06% 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Jan. 



1 05 

'.'.'...'. i"65% 

1 06 

1 05i4@l 05?^ 

i'68"@i'68i4 
1 07%@1 08'/2 
1 07 ©1 OBVs 
1 069£@1 071/8 
1 06'/2@l 065^ 
1 0678@1 0714 
1 071/2®! 08% 
1 077^®1 O81/2 
1 07i4®l 07% 
1 07^@1 08% 
1 m%m 0878 
1 0914®! 1054 
1 0878®1 10 
1 0778@1 08% 

i'0678@i 08" 



No. 2 

Spring Wheat, 

Seller Feb. 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller 
Dec. 



41i4@41% 
.... 4114 



41 ©411/8 

4i%@4iM 

4H4@42>4 
41%®42 

42 @42i^ 
4ia£@42i/8 

42 @42V4 
42i4®42i/2 
42i4@42M 

43 @43i4 
42^@43 
4294 ®43 
42M@43i/8 
43%@44 
43i8®43% 
42%@42% 

42%@427i 



No. 2 Corn, 
Seller 
Jan. 



39 'a 

39'"@39J4 
.... 391/2 



40 @40% 
40i.^@40i4 

40i4®46i/2 

40 ©40% 
40M®40% 
41%®42i/& 
.... 40% 
40%®40% 
40%@40M 
40%®41i4 
40?i@41 

41 ©41% 
41 @41i/8 

4i%©4i% 
407^ ©4114 



No. 2 Oats, 
Seller 
Dec. 



23 7^ ©24 
.... 2414 
...- 237S 

24 ©241/8 

'.'.'.[ 24" 

.— 24H 

.... 241/8 
24J4 
24% ©24% 
24%@24?4 
24%®25 
2494@25i4 

25 ©251/8 
247^@25 
247b®251^ 
25 ®a5i4 
25i8®25i4 
25i8®25J4 

25^4 
25i8@25% 
25%@25i/2 
25i/8@25% 
2434@25 

".::: 24% 



No. 2 Oats, 
Seller 
Jan. 



2414 



24J4@24% 
— . 24^ 
.... 24% 
.... 24% 
24%®24Ji 
2478 
2478@2514 
25iii@25% 
25 @25}i 
.... 2514 
25i4®25% 
25y8®25i4 
25i4®25% 
.... 25% 
.... 25% 
25%@25% 
255's©25^ 
25i^©25% 
24%@2o% 

24Ji©24J£ 



Daily Curretit Prices during the month of December, 1877, for 

7nonths at Sellers' 





No. 2 


No. 2 


No. 2 


No. 2 Corn, 


No. 2 Com, 


No. 2 Oats, 


No. 2 Oats, 


Dates. 


Spring Wheat, 


Spring Wheat, 


Spring Wheat, 


Seller 


Seller 


Seller 


Seller 




Seller Jan. 


Seller Feb. 


Seller March. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Jan. 


Feb. 


Dec.l.. 


1 07%©! 08% 






40^@41% 




24M@25 




3.. 


1 07 ®1 O814 


i mi 





40%@40?4 




24%®24?i 




4.. 


1 077i@l 08?i 




...... ..._.. 


41 ©411^ 


.... 41% 


24?i®24% 


25%®25}i 


5.. 


1 077^@1 08% 




... ...... 


41 ®41% 


_-,. .,-- 


24%®25 


_,_, 


6.. 


1 08%©! 0914 


i 09%®! 16% 





41i4®42 


4!%@42 


2478@25% 


25%@25% 


7.. 


1 09i/8@l 101^ 


1 10>^®! !!>^ 





41Ji®42% 





.... 25% 


.... 25% 


8.- 


1 10i4@l 11 


1 11 ©1 12% 


,_..__ ... 


42i4@42% 





.... 25% 




10.. 


1 io%@i nx 


1 113^®! 12% 


...... 


42%@42% 





25%©25i4 





11.. 


1 09 ®1 101-8 


1 10 ©1 11% 





41M@42J4 


41%®42% 


25%©25i4 


25%®2o% 


12.. 


1 075£®1 091/^ 


1 0834@1 0914 


...... ...... 


4158®42 


4!%®4!% 


25 ©25% 


.... 25>4 


13.. 


1 08 ®1 0914 


1 08 'a®! 10% 




4!M©4214 


4!%@42}^ 


.... 25 


.... 2534 


14.. 


1 08J4®1 0873 


1 0914©! 097^ 





42X@42% 


41%®42i/8 


24%@24% 


2478®25 


15.. 


1 0734®! 077^ 


1 08M@1 09 





41%@42}^ 


41%@41M 


24%@24% 


.... 24% 


17.. 


1 m%m 07)4 


1 07%©! 08% 


...... 


41%@42 


41%®41% 


24%®24X 


24%@24?4 


18.. 


1 0634®! 07% 


1 077s@l 08% 


...... ... 


41 71 ©42% 


41%@41% 


.... 24% 


.... 2478 


19.. 


1 08%®! 09 


1 09>^@1 10 




42i4©42X 


417l@42>^ 


.... 247g 


.— 25% 


20.. 


1 08%®! 09% 


1 09%©! 10% 





42%©42?4 


417^©42M 


.... 25 




21.. 


1 08%®! 09% 


1 09%@1 10% 


...... .... 


42%®42% 


42%©42>4 


.... 25 


.... 25% 


22.. 
24.. 


1 09y8®l 09?i 


1 10%©1 10% 





42%®43 


42%©42% 


.... 25% 


.... 2514 


25.. 
26.. 


i'io"'®i'ii'" 


i"n%@i"ii78' 





43%®43% 


4214@42S£ 


.... 25K 


25%®25i4 


27.. 


1 10%®! 11 


1 11 @! 12 


__._., 


43 @43% 


42%®42% 


.— 25% 


25%®25K 


28.. 


1 09%®1 11 


1 lOM®! 12 




42^@43 


42 ®42% 


24%@2434 


.... 24% 


29.. 


1 08i4@l 09% 


1 09%®! 10% 


._ 


42%®42% 


4!7^®42% 


24%@24% 


.... 24% 


31.. 


1 0914®! 10% 


1 !0%®6 1078 




42i4®42% 


42%®42i^ 


24%@24% 


24%©25 



• vng!P»«5?^ . 



127 



ilie Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Dec. 


Mess Pork, 
Seller Jan. 

■ 


Mess Pork, 
Seller Feb. 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Dec. 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 

Seller Jan. 


Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Feb. 


""'."®i2"i5" 

ii'82^@ii"95" 
11 85 

ii"6o"'©ii'7o" 


12 52i^©12 60 
12 52i^©12 57H 
12 60 ©12 62V4 
12 65 ©12 70 

i2"67i^@i2'72i4 
12 62i^@12 67^ 
12 52/,@12 5714 
12 32/2@12 521^ 
12 25 ©12 32>^ 
12 17/2@12 27H 
12 20 ©12 321^ 
12 30 ©12 50 
12 30 ©12 42«4 
12 17/2©12 30 

11 25 ©12 30 

12 25 ©12 35 
12 20 ©12 2714 
12 15 ©12 2214 
12 00 ©12 121^ 
11 92>^©12 05 
11 95 ©12 10 
11 97^@12 15 
11 82>4©11 95 

ii'80'"@ii"90" 


i2'57ii@i2"60" 
12 40 ©12 45 

12' 25" '©12" 27 j^ 
12 20 

i2"20"@i2"25" 
12 05 ©12 10 • 

I""" i2"66" 


8 02^©8 05 
7'85"@7"87ii 

::::" 7'82/; 


8 10 ©8 15 
8 05 ©8 10 
8 10 ©8 12H 
8 10 ©8 15 

W.'". s'is" 

8 10 ©8 12H 
8 05 ©8 10 
7 95 ©8 05 
7 85 ©7 95 
7 85 ©7 90 
7 87/2@7 95 
7 97!4@8 00 
7 92^@8 00 
7 85 ©7 90 
7 87i/i©7 90 
7 90 ©7 92V4 
7 87/2©7 90 
7 82/2©7 87^ 
7 77i^@7 82J^ 
7 77/2@7 82/2 
7 82/2@7 87^ 
7 82%©7 90 
7 80 ©7 82>^ 

7l7^@7"80" 


8'65"@8"io" 
""" 806'" 

7'95"@7"97H 
7 90 ©7 92^ 

7'87/2@7'96'" 



the Leading Speculative Articles deliverable in succeeding 
Option as to time. 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Jan. 



11 80 
11 90 
11 85 

11 90 

12 00 
12 05 
12 10 
12 05 



©11 9214 
©11 97/2 
©11 90 
©12 20 
©12 171/2 
©12 1214 
©12 ZlYs 
©12 25 
11 92i^©12 05 
11 82i^©ll 9214 
11 95 ©12 05 
11 90 ©12 02/2 
11 82i^©ll 90 
11 7714©!! 871/4 
11 72i/2@ll 82/2 
11 87i4©ll 921^ 
11 77i/i@ll 90 
11 70 ©11 80 
11 70 ©11 75 



11 75 ©11 771^ 
11 65 ©11 70 
11 37i4@ll 60 
11 42/2©ll 50 
11 50 ©11 60 



Mess Pork, 
Seller Feb. 



12 07i/4©12 10 
12 07i/i©12 1214 
12 02^@12 071/4 
12 12»4©12 371/2 
12 20 ©12 35 
12 20 ©12 271/4 
12 30 ©12 471/2 
12 22i/4©12 421/4 
12 10 ©12 20 
12 00 ©12 10 
12 12i/4@12 221/4 
12 05 ©12 20 
12 00 ©12 05 
11 92>^@12 05 

11 92/2©12 00 

12 05 ©12 10 
11 95 ©12 05 
11 82H©11 971/4 
11 85 ©11 921/4 



11 90 ©11 95 
11 85 ©11 871/4 
11 52/2@ll 7214 
11 55 ©11 70 
11 65 ©11 75 



Mess Pork, 
Seller March. 



12 45 ©12 50 



12 15 ©12 20 
12 00 ©12 0214 
12 02/2®12 05 



12 05 ©12 10 
12 00 ©12 05 
11 70 ©11 90 
11 72i/2@ll 821/4 
11 80 ©11 90 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Jan. 



82/2@7 85 
85 ©7 90 
82/2®7 85 
85 ©7 9214 
87i/4©7 90 
87i/2@7 90 
92i/^©8 05 
92i4©8 02i4 
82/2@7 90 
77i/2©7 85 
85 ©7 90 
80 ©7 87^ 
72i/2©7 80 
70 ©7 75 
70 ©7 721/4 
75 ©7 80 

7 12% 

70 ©7 72V4 
70 ©7 72^ 



7 70 ©7 75 
7 67i/4©7 70 
7 55 ©7 621/4 

7 57^ 

7 60 ©7 65 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller Feb. 



7 92/2©7 95 

7 92i/2@7 95 
7 90 

8 00 ©8 021/4 

7 97/2@8 00 
7 97/2 

8 00 ©8 15 
8 00 ©8 1214 



90 ©8 00 
87/2@7 95 
95 ©8 00 
90 ©7 971/2 
82i/4©7 90 
80 ©7 871/4 
©7 82/2 
©7 90 
©7 85 
('2©7 82'/4 
7"o@7 821/4 



85 
80 



7 77V4©7 821/4 
7 75 ©7 80 
7 60 ©7 7214 
7 62i4©7 671/4 
7 67i/2©7 7214 



Prime Steam 

Lard, 
Seller March. 



7 92^ 

796"" 
7"87i/2@7 90 

7 90 
7'85"©7 90 
7 70 ©7 75 
7 72/2©7 80 
7 75 ©7 821/2 



128 



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130 



PRICES OF SALT AND SEEDS 

For each Week during the year 1877. 





9 


SALT. 


SEEDS. 


Week Ending 


1 

American 

Pine, 
per barrel. 


Ground 

Alum, 

per sack. 


Clover, 
Good to 
Choice. 


Timothy, 
Good to 
Choice. 


Flax, 
Good to 
Choice. 


Jannarv 


6 

13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 1 40 

.... 140 

.... 1 40 

1 30@1 40 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

.... 1 30 

1 10@1 30 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

95® 1 10 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95 

95@1 05 

1 05@1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 

.... 1 10 


1 00 ® 1 05 

1 00 ® 1 05 

1 00 ® 1 05 

1 00 @ 1 05 

1 00 @ 1 05 

1 00 @ 1 05 

1 00 @ 1 05 

1 00 @ 1 05 

1 00 ® 1 05 

1 00 @ 1 05 

90 @ 1 05 

85 @ 871/2 

85 ® 87/2 

85 @ 8714 

85 ® 871/2 

85 @ 871/2 

87'/® 95 

92':,® 95 

92ii@ 95 

92i/,@ 95 

9214® 95 

92i<,@ 95 

9214® 95 

92'/,® 95 

92'.® 95 

92i/o@ 95 

921/2® 95 

95 @ 1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 

1 05 ® 1 15 

1 15 

1 15 

1 15 

1 15 

1 15 @ 1 40 

1 40 

1 40 @ 1 421/^ 


8 20 
8 25 
8 10 
8 00 
8 00 
8 25 
8 50 
8 50 
8 40 
8 00 
8 10 
8 40 
8 40 
8 55 
8 25 
8 65 
8 m 

7 00 
6 55 
6 25 
6 25 

6"6o 

6 00 

6 00 

7 00 
7 50 

6"50 

725 

6'85 
6 25 
5 25 
5 55 
5 20 
5 00 
4 90 
4 90 
4 90 
4 80 
4 85 

4 95 

5 05 
5 00 
4 90 
4 70 
4 70 
4 70 


@ 9 00 
® 8 90 
@ 8 90 
@ 9 15 
® 9 25 
@ 9 20 
@ 9 30 
® 9 40 
® 9 15 
@ 8 70 
@ 8 85 
@ 8 70 
® 8 65 
@ 8 95 
@ 9 50 
@ 9 55 
@ 8 75 
® 8 00 
® 6 80 
® 6 75 
® 6 75 

6 25 
@ 6 25 
® 6 25 
® 6 50 
@ 8 00 
@ 8 00 

7 30 
@ 7 00 

7 65 

7 "40 
® 7 50 

® 7"30 
® 6 85 
® 6 00 
® 6 00 
@ 5 80 
@ 5 25 
@ 5 00 
@ 5 05 
® 5 10 
@ 5 05 
@ 5 10 
@ 5 10 
@ 5 25 
@ 5 25 
@ 5 15 
® 4 95 
® 4 95 
@ 4 82'/2 


1 65 ® 1 80 
1 55 @ 1 71 
1 57^® 1 80 
1 65 @ 1 95 
1 65 ® 1 90 
1 70 ® 1 95 
1 55 @ 1 95 
1 50 ® 1 85 
1 50 ® 1 871/4 
1 55 ® 1 80 
1 60 ® 1 80 
1 55 ® 1 80 
1 50 @ 1 80 
1 50 @ 1 80 
1 60 ® 1 85 
1 55 @ 1 80 
1 60 ® 1 80 
1 50 @ 1 75 
1 55 @ 1 67i4 
1 55 @ 1 62'/2 
1 45 ® 1 70 
1 60 ® 1 70 
1 60 @ 1 76 
1 6214® 1 76 
1 60 @ 1 70 
1 60 ® 1 75 
1 67i4@ 1 To 
1 55 ® 1 65 
1 55 @ 1 65 
1 62/2® 1 65 
1 55 @ 1 70 
1 4254® 1 62^ 
1 40 ® 1 53 
1 35 ® 1 521/2 
1 24 ® 1 38 
1 22V2® 1 38 
1 25 ® 1 40 
1 27'2@ 1 40 
1 27 @ 1 371/i 
1 26 @ 1 35 
1 26 ® 1 32/2 
1 25 @ 1 30 
1 2114® 1 29 
1 20 ® 1 30 
1 22 ® 1 31 
1 221/2® 1 33 
1 23 ® 1 30 
1 23 ® 1 29 
1 22 ® 1 27 
1 20 ® 1 28 
1 21 ® 1 28 
1 20 ® 1 27;4 


1 45 ® 1 55 
1 35 ® 1 64 






1 55 ® 1 65 
1 5214® 1 62U 


February 


1 52 @ 1 65 
1 55 @ 1 65 




1 50 ® 1 72^ 
1 50 @ 1 65 




March 


1 521/4® 1 65 




1 47'/o@ 1 75 




1 35 @ 1 45 




1 40 ® 1 50 




1 45 ® 1 46 


April 


1 45 ® 1 60 




1 47 ® 1 75 




1 50 @ 1 80 




1 53 ® 1 65 


May - — 


1 50 ® 1 90 

1 57 ;4® 1 90 




1 65 @ 1 80 




1 50 @ 1 75 


June 


1 70 
1 65 @ 1 80 




1 65 ® 1 721/4 




1 55 ® 1 70 




1 40 @ 1 60 


July 


1 45 ® 1 55 




1 45 




1 45 






August 


1 30 




1 25 @ 1 30 




1 221/',® 1 28 




1 26 ® 1 28 


September 


1 26!4® 1 30 
1 24 @ 1 31 




1 25 ® 1 31 




1 24 ® 1 30 




1 34 @ 1 29 


October 


1 26 @ 1 29 




1 24 ® 1 2714 




1 26 ® 1 33 




1 24 @ 1 30 


November 


1 25 ® 1 31 
1 26 ® 1 30 




1 27 @ 1 321/4 
1 25 ®. 1 .33 


December 


1 26 ® 1 33 

1 281/4® 1 33 




1 30 @ 1 33 




1 30 @ 1 34 
1 28 @ 1 35 







Note.— Owing to the low prices ruling for American coarse Salt, and the higher west bound rail 
freights than have prevailed in previous late years, Turk's Island and other foreign packing Salts have 
been practically excluded from the market during the past year. 



Bp»?t!?sjv^vv?-: 



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5 



182 



PRICES OF WOOL AND HIDES 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Endins 



January 

Febrnary 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November 

December 



4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 

1 

8 
15 
23 
29 

5 
12 
19 
20 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

6 
13 
20 
27 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 



WOOL. 



Common to 

Extra Tub 

Washed. 



37 @ 
37 Cay 
37 (Si 
37 (^ 
37 @ 
37 ((h 
37 @ 
37 @ 
37 @. 
37 @. 
37® 
37 @, 
37 m 
37 @ 
37 @. 
37 @. 
35 @, 
35 @ 
35 (S) 
33 © 
35® 
35 ® 
35 @ 
35 @ 
35 ® 
35 @ 
37 @. 

37 ® 

38 @ 
38 @. 
38 @, 
38 @ 
38 @ 
38® 
38 @ 
38® 
38 @ 
38 @ 
38 ® 
38 @ 
38 ® 
38 ® 
38 @ 
38 ® 
38 ® 
38 ® 
38 ® 
38 ® 
38 ® 
38 @ 
38 ® 
38 ® 



43 
43 
43 
43 
43 
43 
43 
43 
42 
42 
42 
42 
42 
42 
42 
42 
40 
40 
40 
38 
40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
40 
43 
43 
44 
44 
41 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 
44 



Common to 

Fine 

*Fleece. 



35 @ 38 
35 ® 38 
35 ® 38 
35 @ 38 
35 ® 38 
35 @ 38 
35 @ 38 
35 @ 38 
35 ® 38 
35 ® 38 
35 @ 38 
35 @ 38 
35 ® S8 
35 @ 38 
35 @ 38 
35 ® 38 
35 @ 38 
3^ @ 35 

32 @ 35 

33 @ 35 

32 @ 35 

33 ® 35 

32 @ 35 

33 @ 35 
32 @ 35 

34 ® 371/2 

34 @ ;38 

35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 ® 40 
35 ® 40 
35 @ 40 
35 ® 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 ® 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 ® 40 
35 ® 40 
35 ® 40 
35 ® 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 @ 40 
35 ® 40 



Heavy to 

Light 

*Uuwashed 



23 @ 28 
^i ® 28 
23 ® 28 
%i ® 28 
2::J @ 28 
23 ® 28 
23 @ 28 
23 ® 28 

22 ® 27 

23 ® 27 
23 @, 27 
22 @, 27 
22 @ 27 
22 @ 27 
20 ® 26 
20 @ 26 
20 @ 26 
20 @ 25 
20 ® 25 
20 @ 25 
20 @ 25 
22 @ 27 

22 @ 27 

23 @ 27 
23 @, 28 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
2;3 ® 30 
23 ® 30 
23 @ 30 
2:B @ 30 
23 ® 30 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 ® 28 
23 @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 ® 28 
23 @ 28 
23 ® 28 
23 ® 28 
2:? @ 28 
23 @ 28 
23 ® 28 
23 @ 28 
2;^ @ 28 
2;i @ 28 
23 ® 28 



HIDES. 



Dry Flint. 



15 @ 16 
15 @ 16 
15 ® 16 
15® 16 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 @ 15 
14 ® 15 
14 @ 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 ® 15 
14 @, 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 ® 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 
14 @ 15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

...J. 15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 

15 



Dry Salted. 



121/0 

12'/ 
12'/, 
12'/, 
12'i 

12Vi 
12!^ 

12!.; 

]2'/o 
121; 
12vi 

12'/2 

12'i 
12':, 

12'i 
13', J 
121/2 

121/2 

12!/, 

12!/; 

12'i 
12/2 

12>/2 
12'/2 

121/2 

12 '/o 

12'/; 

12!/2 

12;/„ 

121/; 

12!i 

12 " 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 

12 



® 13 
® 13 
@ 13 
@ 13 
@ 13 
® 13 
@ 13 
® 13 
® 13 
® 13 
® 13 
@ 13 
@ 13 
® 13 
® 13 . 
® 13 
@ 13 
@. 13 
® 13 
@ 13 
® 13 
® 13 
® 13 
® 13 
@ 13 
® 13 
@ 13 
@ 13 
® 13 
® 13 
® 13 
@ 12 '4 
® 121/2 

@ 12'/2 
@ 12'/2 
@ 12'/2 

@ 1214 

@ 121/2 

® 121/2 

@ 121/2 

@ 12'/, 
@ 12'/, 

@ 12'/2 

® 12!/2 

@ 12'/2 
@ 19'/2 

@ 12',4 
® 12'/; 

@ 13'/2 

@ 121/^ 
@ 12'/, 

@ 12'/2 



Green 

Salted, 

Ordinary to 

Choice. 



8 @ 9^ 
8 ® 9M 

8 ® 9'/2 
7?^ @ 9/2 
8 @ 9'/2 
71/2 @ 9'/2 

7'/2 @ 91^ 
7"2 @ 914 
7^ @ 9 
7^4 @ 9 
7 @ 8% 
7 ® SJC 

7 ® 8M 
7^i ® 8% 
714 @ 85i 
7K @ 9 
7% ® 9 

8 ® 954 
814 ® 91^ 
8^ ® 914 
8^ @ 91-2 
8 '4 ® 9 '4 
8'/2 @ 91/2 
8'/2 @ 9!/2 
8'A ® 95^ 
81/2 @ 93i 
8M ® 9% 
S?i ® 9S£ 
85£ @ 9^ 
8!4 ® 93i 
8'a @ 9!/, 
8!/2 © 9H 
8'/2 ® 91/j 
8'4 @ 9'^ 
8'/2 @ 91/2 
85i @ 9% 
8Si ®10 
8M ®10 
SM ©10 

9 ®10 
8X ©10 
8!/2 @ 95^ 
8!4 @ 93^ 
8!4 ® Wi 
8'4 @ 91/2 
814 @ 914 
8'/2 @ 91/1 
854 @ 9^ 
8 ©914 
8 ® 914 
8 @ 914 



* Not including combing selections, which have ranged from 3 @ 5c. per lb. above the quotations 
given for " Fleece" and " Unwashed." 



133 






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135 



CURRENT YARD PRICES OF COAL 

(DELIVERED) 

For each month during the year 1877. 



MOXTHS. 



January .. 
February . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October ... 
November 
December 



Lehigh. 



8 00@8 50 
8 00@8 50 
8 00@8 50 
8 00@8 50 



00@7 50 
25@6 75 
35@6 75 
25@,6 75 
00@7 50 
00@7 50 
00@7 50 
00@7 50 



Lacka- 
wanna, 
Egg. 



50 
.50 
50 
50 
50 
75 
75 
75 
50 
50 
50 
50 



Lacka- 
wanna, 
Range 
and Nut. 



8 00 
8 00 
8 00 
8 00 



00 
00 
00 
00 
75 
75 
75 



§ 75 



Erie and 


Briar Hill. 


6 00 


6 00 


6 00 


6 00 


5 75 


5 50 


5 50 


5 50 


5 50 


5 50 


5 50 


5 50 



Blossburg. 


7 00 


7 00 


7 00 


7 00 


7 00 


7 00 


6 50 


6 50 


6 50 


6 50 


6 50 


6 50 



Indiana. 



00 
00 
00 
00 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 
50 



Wil- 
mington, 
(Ul.) 



25 
25 
25 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



BALED HAY. 

Monthly Prices during the year 1877. 



Months. 



January .. 
February . 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August ... 
September 
October... 
November 
December 



No. 1 
Timothy. 



9 00@10 50 
8 00® 9 50 
8 00® 8 50 

8 50@10 00 

9 00@10 00 
9 00@10 50 
9 50@10 00 
9 00@10 00 
8 00® 9 25 

8 00® 9 25 

9 25@11 50 
9 50@10 50 



No. 2 
Timothy. 



8 00@9 00 
7 25@8 00 

7 00®8 00 
8O0@8 50 

8 00®8 50 

7 75@9 00 

8 00®8 50 
8 00@8 50 
7 00@8 00 

7 50@8 00 

8 00@9 25 

9 00@9 50 



Mixed 
Timothy. 



7 00®7 50 
6 00@7 00 
6 50®7 00 



00@7 50 
00@7 50 
00@8 00 
25@8 00 
00@7 75 
50@7 50 
00@8 00 
00@8 50 



7 50@8 50 



Upland 
Prairie. 



00@7 50 
00@7 50 
50@7 00 
00@7 50 
00@8 00 
50@8 00 
25@8 00 
00@7 75 

6 50@.7 00 

7 00®8 25 
7 50@9 00 
7 50@9 00 



Nos. 1 and 2 
Prairie. 



00@6 75 
00®6 25 
50@6 00 
00@6 00 
00@6 75 
00@6 50 
00@6 00 
00@6 50 
50@6 00 
00@6 50 
00®7 50 
00@7 75 



136 





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137 



HIGHWINES. 

Manufacture of Highivines in the Collection District of Chicago for 'a 

Series of Years. 



Years. 


Gallons. 


Years. 


Gallons. 


Years. 


Gallons. 


1856 

1857 

1858 


1,653,000 
3,000,000 
3,600,000 
3,180,000 
3,744,000 
5,394,000 
3,702.180 
4,850,022 


1864.... 

1865 

1866 

1867 

1868 

1869 

1870 


3,495.-345 
476,.592 
2,250,724 
1,427.416 
2.082,624 
5;547,341 
7,082,364 


1871 

1872 

1873 


7,776,013 
7,209,347 
7.5.39,64e 


1859 


1874 


8.076.082 


1860 

1861 

1862 

1863 


1875 

1876 

1877 


8,487,506 
6.450,456 
8,871,906 



PEICES OF HIGHWINES. 

For each Week during the year 1877. 



Week Ending 


Price 
Per Gallon. 


Week Ending 


Price 
Per Gallon. 


January - 


6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

3 
10 
17 
24 
31 

7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 


1 07 @ 1 07>^ 
1 07 @ 1 07i4 

1 07 

1 041-2 @ 1 06'^ 

1 05 

1 05 @ 1 06 
1 05 @ 1 0514 
1 04 @ 1 05Y2 

1 06 

I 05 @ 1 06 
1 04 @, 1 05 
1 04 @ 1 05 
1 04 @ 1 05 

1 05 

1 06 @ 1 OW2 
1 07 ® 1 OlVz 
1 071^ @ 1 10 

1 10 

1 0914 @ 1 10 
1 07 @, 1 031/4 

1 07 

1 07 

1 07 

1 07 

1 07 @ 1 08 
1 08 


Julv 


7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
20 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 


1 08 




1 08 






1 08 






1 08 


February 


August 


:. 1 08 




1 08 






1 08 @ i 08Ji 






1 09 


March . . 


September 


1 09 






1 08 @ 1 09 






1 09 






1 08 @ 1 09 






1 08 


April 


October 


1 08 






1 08 






1 08 






1 07 @ 1 08 


May 


November 


1 06 @ 1 07 




1 05H @ 1 06 






1 06 




1 06 


.Tnnp 


December 


1 06 






1 05 @ 1 06 






1 05 @ 1 06 




1 06 






1 05 @ 1 06 









■"■^ 



138 



LUMBER STATISTICS. 



The receipts of Lumber in 1877 have been 1,066,452,361 feet, and the shipments 586,722,821 feet. 
The receipts of Shingles for the year have been 546,409,000, and the shipments 170,410,785. 

The stocks on hand in the city at the beginning of each of the last four years were as follows: 



Abticles. 



Sawed Pine Lumber and Timber j Feet. 

Hewn Pine Timber | Feet. 

Shingles Number. 

Lath _ Pieces. 

Pieces. 

Number. 



Pickets. 
Cedar Posts 



Jan. 1, 1878. i Jan. 1, 1877. 



385,560,024 



125,640.000 

43.694.800 

2,206,020 

380,341 



369,380,182 

825 

97,467,000 

36,823,400 

3,386,617 

442,319 



Jan. 1, 1876. 



352,578,339 

9,391 

&3,2.30,750 

47,058,150 

2,360.928 

416,636 



Jan. 1, 1875. 



344,109,373 

142.902 

81,019,000 

39,551,850 

2,499,881 

290.533 



Average Weehly Prices of Lumber, Sliingles and Lath, hy Vessel Cargo, 
during the Seasoji of Navigation for the year 1877. 

Compiled by Geo. E. Stockbridge, Esq., Secretary ov the Lumberman's Exchange. 



Week Ending 


Choice 

Mill Run 

Lumber, 

per M feet. 


Medium 

Mill Run 

Lumber, 

per M feet. 


Coarse 

Common 

Lumber, 

per M feet. 


Ordinary 
Joists and 
Scantling, 
per M feet. 


A 

Sawed 

Shingles, 

per M. 


Lath, 
per M. 


April 


! 14 

1 21 

' 28 

5 

12 

19 

26 

2 

9 

: 16 

23 

' 30 

7 

14 

21 

28 

4 

11 

18 

26 

I 
it 

29 

6 

13 

20 

27 

3 

10 

17 

24 

1 

8 


$12 00 
12 00 
12 00 
12 00 
12 25 
12 25 
12 25 
12 50 
12 00 
12 00 
12 50 
12 50 
12 00 
12 00 
12 00 
12 00 
11 75 

11 75 

12 25 

12 50 

13 00 
13 00 
13 00 

13 50 

14 10 
14 00 
14 00 
14 00 
14 12-4 
14 00 

14 50 

15 50 
15 .'50 
15 00 


$i6'25 
in 25 
10 25 
10 50 
10 50 

10 50 

11 00 
11 50 

10 75 

11 00 
11 00 
10 50 
10 50 
10 00 
10 25 

10 1254 

11 00 
11 00 

10 75 

11 25 
11 50 
11 50 
11 50 

11 50 

12 00 
12 00 
12 00 
12 50 
12 25 
12 00 
12 00 
11 50 
11 00 


$9 25 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 00 
9 50 
9 25 
9 00 
, 9 00 
9 25 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 
8 50 

8 50 

9 on 

9 50 
9 50 
9 00 
9 00 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 
9 50 


$7" 50 
7 25 
7 00 
7 00 
7O0 
7 25 

7 50 

8 00 
7 75 
7 25 
7 00 
7 25 

7 ZWi 
7 37'/2 
7 25 
7 50 
7 50 
7 50 
7 50 
7 50 
7 00 
7 25 
7 50 

7 50 

8 00 
8 25 
8 75 
8 75 
8 00 
7 .50 
7 75 
7 75 
7 75 
7 50 


$2 05 
2 05 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
2 00 
200 
2 00 
2 00 
1 90 
1 90 
1 85 
1 85 
1 85 
1 85 
1 85 
1 90 
1 90 

1 95 

2 00 
2 00 
2 00 

2 121/2 
2 25 
2 25 
2 25 
2 25 
2 25 
2 25 
2 25 
2 25 








May 






SI 20 
1 25 




Jane 


1 25 
1 25 




1 25 




1 25 




1 25 


July ---. 


1 25 
1 25 




1 25 




1 20 


August - - 


1 20 
1 20 




1 20 




1 20 


September 


1 25 
1 25 




1 25 




1 25 




1 25 


October 


1 25 




1 25 




1 25 




1 25 


November 


1 25 
1 25 




1 40 




1 50 


December 


1 60 
1 60 







' 139 



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LAKE FREIGHTS ON GRAIN BY SAIL, AND ERIE 
CANAL FREIGHTS, BUFFALO TO NEW YORK, 

During the Season of Navigatmi in 1877. 







To BUPPALO. 


To Kingston. 


Erie Canal, Buffalo 

TO New York 

(including tolls). 


Week I!,ndijn« 


Wheat, 
per bushel. 


Corn, 
per bushel. 


Oats, 
per bushel. 


Wheat, 
per bushel. 


Com, 
per bushel. 


Wheat, 
per bushel. 


Com, 
perbushel. 


April 

•May .. 


7 
14 
21 
28 

5 
12 
19 
26 

2 

9 
16 
23 
30 

7 
14 
21 
28 

4 
11 
18 
25 

1 

8 
15 
22 
29 

6 
13 
30 
27 

3 
10 
17 
24 

1 


3'4 @ 3*£ 
31/2 ® 3% 
3/2 ® 4V4 
31/i @ 41^ 
31/2 @ 41/2 
... Z}i 
... 3>; 
2X ©314 
... 21/2 
... 214 
... 214 
2 @ 214 
214 @ 2>^ 
214 @ 21/2 
214 @ 3 
2V4 @ 2% 
31/2 @ 4/2 
31/2 @ 41/2 
31/2 @ 414 
4M ® 41/2 
4- ® 41/2 
3J4 ® 3'/^ 
31^ ® S'A 
ZVi ® 4 
4X ® 4>^ 
414 ® 41/2 
4^ ® 6 
51^ ® 6 
41/2 @ 51/2 
3/2 ® 4>^ 
31/2 ® 414 
4 ® 41/2 
4 @ 5 
4'/4 @5 
— 41/3 


3 
... 3 
3 @ 3X 
3 ® 314 
3 ©314 
3 
3 

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2 
2 

1/2 @ 15^ 

IM @ 2 
IM ® 2 
1^ @ 2 

2 ® 21^ 

3 ® 354 
3 @3^ 

3J4 ® 3M 
3E @ 4 
3 ® 4 
2M ® 3 
2M ® 3 

3 @3;^ 
3M ® 4 

4 © 41/3 

4 ©5 

5 ® 51/2 
4 @ 5 

3 © 4 

3 ©3?£ 
31/2 © 4 
3?^ ©4 

4 © 41/2 

4 


-- 2/2 
-. 2/3 
21^ © 3 
... 21/2 
2/2 © 3 

— 25£ 

— \% 

— IM 

— 154 

— ^ ^'/^ 

1/2 © m 

11/2 © 1% 
1/2 ®.lJi 

m @ 2 
2/2 @ 3 
^M @ 3 
21/4 © 3 
21/3 © 3 
2/3 © 3 
2J4 @ 2/2 
214 © 2/2 
2X © 25i 
2^ ©3 
3 © 3>^ 
314 © 31/2 
31/4 © 4 
31/2 © 4 
21^ © 3 
2/2 @ 3 
2M @ 3 
2^ © 3 
3 © 314 


'-'.'- 714 
... 714 
7M ® 81.4 
8 @ 9'/2 

— 81/4 
7i2 ® 8 

6 ® 6/2 
6 ® 6 '4 

— 5^ 
51/4 
5 ' 
5 

5 
5 
5 ® 514 
71/2 @ 9 
7/2 © 9 
71/2 © 8/2 

8 © 8/2 
8/2 © 9 
7/2 © 8M 
61/4 © 7/2 
714 ©8 
8J4 ® 8/2 
814 © 8/2 
8/3 © 9 

9 ©10 
8'/2 ® 9 
8/2 @ 9 
8/2 ® 9 

9 ® 9/2 
91^ ©10 


].'.' 7" 

6% 

7 © 71/2 
71/-^ © 8 
.- 71/3 
6'4 @ 7 
51/4 @ 6 

5 ® 5X 
-- 4% 

— 4S£ 
... 4/3 
-- 4/3 

— . 41/3 
... 41/2 

4'/^ © m 

5 © 61/4 

5/2 ® 61/2 

51/2 ® 6 
6/2 © 6U 
6M © 7 

6 © 6/2 
6 © 6Ji 
6/2 © 71/2 
6^ © 71/2 
7J4 © 75i 
71/2 © 8 

8 ©9 
7^ © 8/2 
724 © 8 
7% @ 8 
814 @ 8'/4 
8>^ @ 9 


;;; p 

::: g" 
.-. « 

::; r- 

5 

... 514 

— 514 
... 514 

— Sji 

::; li 
::: I'' 

8 

— 7X 
7 

... 8 
8 
8 
.- 10 
... 12 
... 12 

— 9X 

... m 

— 9% 
... 11 


'.'.'. 5/; 


June 


— 514 
5 

::: f^ 


Jnly. !""!"" 


— 4/2 

— 414 
-- 414 
-- 4/, 

... 4/2 


August 

■September... 

October 

November... 
Becember ... 


... 414 
5 
5 

— 514 

... 6^ 
— 714 

::: 7' 

6 

7 
... 7 

7 
... 9 
--- 95£ 

... 10/2 
... 8K2 
... 8/3 

:;: i« 



-SVie Canal Tolls, Buffalo to West Troy, 3^5 miles. 



Tear. 


Flour, 
per barrel. 


Wheat, 
per bushel. 


Cora and Rye, 
per bushel. 


Oats, 
per bushel. 


Barley, 
per bushel. 


1874 


c. M. p. 

11 1 .58 
7 4 .52 
3 7 .26 


c. M. p. 
3 1 .05 
2 .70 
1 .35 


C. M. p. 

2 8 .98 
1 9 .32 
9 .66 


c. M. p. 
1 6 .56 
1 1 .04 
5 .52 


c. M. p. 
2 4 84 


1875 and 1876 


1 6 56 


1877 - 


8 28 







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LAKE COMMERCE OF CHICAGO 



FOB THE TEAR 1877. 



Receipts and Shipments. 

Summary of Vessels Arrived, with their Tonnage 

Cleared, " « « 

Comparative Statement op Arrivals and Clearances for a Series of Tears. 
Statement showing Marine Collections for Three Years. 
List op Vessels Owned in Chicago. 

" " " " " that were Lost in 1877. 

" " " Built in the District in 1877. 



The following Statement shows the Dates of the Opening of Navigation at the Straits of Mackinac 
for twenty- fonr years. The last clearance for Buffalo in ISTt was on November 30. 



1854 April 25 

1855 - May 1 

1856 May 2 

1857 May 1 

1858 April 6 

1859 - April 4 

1860 April 13 

1861 April 25 



1862 April 18 

1863 April 17 

1864 April 23 

1865...- April 21 

1866 April 29 

1867 April 23 

1868 ........April 19 

1869 April 23 



1870 April 18 

1871 April 3 

1872.. April 28 

1873 May 1 

1874 April 29 

1875 ...April 30 

1876.. _ April 28 

1877 April 20 



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152 



SUMMARY STATEMENT 

Of Number and Tonnage of Vessels ivMcli Arrived in the District of Chicago 

during the year 1877. 



Months. 



January ..- 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September. 
October ... 
November . 
December . 



Vessels in the 
Coastins Trade. 



Foreign Vessels 
ifrom Foreign Ports. 



Vessels. Tonnage. Vessels. Tonnage. 



5 

5 

14 

420 

1,238 

1,456 

1,406 

1,443 

1,447 

1,407 

1.120 

122 



2.974 

3,680 

6,545 

80,999 

365,703 

443,876 

453.960 

497,641 

451.213 

467.000 

399.970 

51.283 



Total j 10,083 13,224.844 



101 



----- 





8 


2,147 


10 


2.885 


4 


1,190 


12 


4,056 


19 


6.485 


37 


13,790 


11 


3,990 



34,543 



American Vessels 
from Foreign Ports. 



Vessels. 



4 

1 

5 

5 

14 

10 

10 



49 



Tonnage. 



1,301 
307 
1,662 
1,459 
4.025 
2,976 
3,215 



14,945 10.2.33 



Aggregate 
Vessels Arrived. 



Vessels.! Ton'ge. 



5 

5 

14 

420 

1,250 

1,467 

1,415 

1,460 

1,480 

1.454 

1,141 

122 



2,974 

3.680 

6,545 

80.999 

369,151 

447 068 

456,812 

503,156 

461.723 

483.766 

407,175 

51,283 



3,274.-332 



SUMMARY STATEMENT 

Of Number and Tonnage of Vessels Cleared from the District of Chicago 

durimg the year 1877. 



Months. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July. 

August 

September. 

October 

November . 
December . 



Vcsse 


Is in the 


Foreig 


n Vessels 


American Vessels 


Aggregate 


Coasting Trade. 


to Fore 


ign Porte. 


to Foreign Ports. 


Vessels 


Cleared. 


Vessels. 


Tonnage. 


Vessels. 


Tonnage. 


Vessels. 


Tonnage. 


Vessels. 


Ton'ge. 


4 


2.944 










4 


2.944 


7 


3.869 










7 


3,869 


18 


7.147 










18 


7147 


622 


166.9(5:3 






17 


5.125 


639 


172 088 


1,299 


383.855 


8 


2148 


25 


7.720 


1.3.32 


393:723 


1.4.57 


451.605 


9 


2,723 


7 


2.244 


1.473 


456.572 


1..368 


450,216 






4 


1,182 


1.372 


451,398 


1,487 


510.013 


14 


4,829 


20 


5,518 


1,,521 


520.360 


1.437 


454.4.53 


14 


4.990 


25 


7..=i65 


1.476 


467.008 


1,389 


455.100 


32 


11.701 


13 


3.917 


1,434 


470.718 


■ 943 


339,310 


18 


6,667 


6 


1.880 


967 


347,857 


41 


17.399 










41 


17.399 


10.072 


3,242,874 


95 


33,058 


117 


35,151 


10,284 


3.311.083 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

Of Arrivals and Clearances at the Port of Chicago for a Series of Years. 





Arriv.\ls. 




1 Clearances. 




Years. 


Vessels. 


Tonnage. 


Years. 


Vessels. 


Tonnage. 


1864 


8,938 
10.112 
11,084 
12,230 
13,174 
13,730 
12,739 
12,330 
12,824 
11,858 
10.827 
10,488 

9.621 
10.233 


2,172,866 
2,106.8,59 
2,2.58,572 
2,.588,.527 
2.984,591 
3,123.400 
3.049.265 
3,096,101 
3,059,752 
3,22.5,911 
3.19,5,6;i3 
3.122.004 
3,089,072 
3,274.332 


1864 

1865 


8.824 
10,067 
11,115 
12,140 
13.225 
13,872 
12,433 
12,312 
12.531 
11,876 
10,720 
10.607 

9,628 
10,284 


2,166,904 


1865 -- -- 


2.092,276 


1866 


1866 


2.361,520 
2,512,676 


1867 


1867 


1868 


1868 


3,020,812 


1869 


1869 


3,149,946 


1870 


1870 


2,983,942 


1871 .. . . 


1871.- 


3,082,235 


1872 


1872 


3,017,790 


1873 

1874 


1873 •- 

1874 


3,338,803 
3.134,078 


1875 


1875— 


3,157,051 


1876 


1876 

1877 


3,078,264 


1877-. 


3,311,0*3 



WTTr^f^- 



155 



COMPARATIVE STATEMENT 

Of Marine Collections at the Port of Chicago for the 2Jcist Two Years. 

±S77. 



Months. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May .- 

June 

July 

August 

September. 
October ..'. 
November . 
December . 

Totals. 



Tonnage 
Dues. 



$257 93 
612 08 
293 40 



402 80 
487 50 
4T7 08 
610 15 



$3,140 94 











Enroll- 






Report 


Record'g 


ment, 

License 

and 


Hospital 


Inspect' n 


and 


and 


Dues. 


Fees. 


Clearance 


Official 






Fees. 


Fees. 


Admeas- 
urement 
Fees. 


$59 .59 


$25 00 


$4 25 


$22 50 


$3 10 


70 28 


85 00 


450 


15 40 


5 90 


584 47 


90 00 


15 25 


23 40 


28 10 


2,741 23 


1,692 45 


516 00 


69 70 


211 30 


1,446 44 


1,364 85 


1,213 00 


28 95 


100 90 


653 70 


914 15 


1,479 00 


24 60 


97 85 


360 60 


1,102 85 


1,322 00 


12 40 


50 95 


325 12 


717 75 


1,478 50 


18 50 


46 60 


311 66 


544 80 


1.496 50 


14 20 


40 55 


293 93 


362 95 


1,.501 60 


24 60 


24 45 


78 25 


100 00 


1,018 50 


18 '20 


13 90 


134 58 


75 00 


119 25 


19 10 


7 65 


$7,059 85 


$7,074 80 


$10,16835 


$291 55 


$631 25 



Fines 

and 

Penalties. 


"$i6"6o 
'"iib'bb 

95 00 

20 00 

5 00 

40 CO 



5 00 
110 00 
10 00 



Total. 



$114 44 

191 08 

741 22 

5,508 61 

4,861 22 

3.482 70 

2.853 80 

3.C29 27 

2.900 21 

2.794 61 

1,849 00 

355 58 



$315 00 $28,681 74 



1876. 



January ... 
February .. 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 
October ... 
November . 
December . 

Totals. 



$92 16 

341 33 

94 07 

134 76 



420 90 

287 87 
89 60 



$144 87 

134 21 

696 38 

2,a34 22 

l.:^03 46 

6.32 04 

455 48 

258 76 

390 10 

290 02 

76 58 

86 27 



$1,460 69 i $6,502 39 



$5 00 

30 00 

60 00 

859 90 

1,.528 50 

965 30 

1,068 18 

883 80 

756 65 

491 00 

100 90 

75 00 



$6,824 23 



$6 50 

6 75 

51 00 

467 25 

1,248 75 

1,261 25 

1,.308 00 

1,318 75 

1,289 00 

1,087 25 

82:^ 75 

67 50 



$8,935 75 



$19 70 

16 10 
24 90 
53 60 
45 45 
31 70 
30 20 
21 80 

17 95 
21 83 
19 65 

8 40 



$311 30 



$18 20 

10 75 

66 05 

171 50 

137 80 

99 65 

38 25 

38 40 

44 15 

26 10 

6 90 

5 25 



$663 00 



$20 00 

""s'oo 

30 00 
45 00 
25 00 
55 00 

"io"6o 

35 00 
5 00 



$194 27 

217 81 

898 33 

3.68:? 63 

4.635 29 

3;i29 01 

3.059 87 

2,576 51 

2,497 85 

2,-347 12 

1,350 65 

337 02 



$230 00 i $24,927 36 



154 



LIST OF VESSELS 

Owned in Chicago, December 31, 1877. 



Name. 



Ton- 
nage. 



PROPELLERS. 



Annie Laura 

Bret Harte 

Board of Health.. 

Charles Reitz 

E. B. Ward, Jr 

Geo. Dunbar , 

Idler 

Joseph L. Hard 

Lady Washington 

M. Groh 

Mary Groh 

Manistee 

Norman 

Peerless 

Pet...., 



15 Vessels 



STEAMERS. 

Belle of Ottawa 

East Peoria 



2 Vessels 



356 

28! 

12 

246' 

454; 

221! 

15 
760 

76 
174 
139: 
677' 
545' 
1,199: 

10 



4,912 



11 
22 



33 



STEAM CANAL B'TS. 
Advance 


79' 

71; 

99 
96 

107 
94 
82 
95 
50 
99 
96 
90 
45 
68 
84! 
97; 
98: 
92 

207 i 
941 

106 
99 

107 
52 

lOl 
94 
89 


Atlantic . 


B. and C 


Beaver 


B. J. Moore 


Cashier. 


China . 


Citvof!Henry 


Dr. !Banlev 


E. H. Heath 


E. G. Good 


Jack Robertson 


Juniata 


Kino" Brothers 


La Salle 


M. Talcott 


Mohawk Belle 


Montauk 


Novelty 


Nashotah 


Pallas 


Peerless .. 


S. S.Kimball 


Two Nellies 


Victor 


Welcome .. 


Whale 




27 Vessels 


2,491 

25i 
38! 


TUGS. 
A. Burton 


A. Mosher 


Carried forward 


63 



Name. 



TUGS. 
Brought forward 
A. A. Eustaphieve ... 

A.B.Ward 

A. G. Van Schaick .. 

Albatross 

Alert 

American Ea^le 

Annie L. Smith 

Albion 

Belle Chase 

Ben Drake 

BlackBall, No. 2.... 
Brothers 

C. W. Evans. 

Charles Nelson , 

Chas. W. Parker 

Constitution 

D. F. Edwards 

D. L. Babcock 

Diamond 

E. P. Perry 

E. Van Dalson 

F. S.Butler 

Florence 

G. W. Gardner 

Geo. W.Wood 

Geo. B. McClellan... 

Goldsmith Maid 

Home 

J. Sheriffs 

J. A. Crawford 

J. L. Higgle 

J. T. Hayden 

L. B. Johnson 

Lark 

Leonard Everett 

Little Giant 

Louie Dole 

M. Shields 

M. P. Harrison 

Merchant 

Martin Green 

Mary McLane 

Monitor 

O. B. Green 

Ozaukee 

Protection 

R. Prindiville 

Red Jacket 

Robt. Tarrant 

Rebel 

Satisfaction 

Success 

Triad 

Tom Brown 

Union 

W. H.Wood.. 

W. L. Ewing 

Wm. Hewitt 

Willie Brown 

Wasp 

62 Vessels 



Ton- 
nage. 



63 
23 
31 
40 
30 
23 
47 
40 
35 
12 
47 
37 
24 
17 

8 
36 
42 
19 
25 
11 
36 
30 
39 
11 
53 
70 
26 
11 
38 
22 
43 
12 
14 
39 
22 
14 
25 
29 
35 
17 
16 
23 
40 
38 
41 
67 
60 
25 
13 
41 
29 
36 
27 
31 
38 
38 

9 
44 
17 
20 
14 

1,863 



Name. 


Ton- 
nage. 


BARKS. 
Acorn 


316 


Cecelia 


176 


Golden West 


457 


Great West, No. 2 

J. P. March 


278 
356 


Kate Darley .... 


389 


Lafrinier 


416 


Naiad 


312 


Parana 

Peshtigo 


406 
385 


St. Laurence 


326 


Summer Cloud . 


324 


Winona . 


345 






13 Vessels 


4,486 
327 


BRIGS. 

Commerce. . 


Lucv J. Clark 


309 


Pamlico 


380 






6 Vessels 


1,016 
23 


SLOOP YACHT. 
Cora 






1 Vessel 


23 


SCHOONERS. 

A. Frederick 

A. Rust 


53 
224 


A. J. Mowry 


188 


Active 


84 


Adriatic .. 


129 


Advance 


180 


Aetna.. 


317 


Albatross 


185 


Alice M. Beers 


154 


America 


342 


America 


271 


American Union 


543 


Amoskeag 


244 


Andrew tTackson 


198 


Anna 0. Hanson 

Annie Tomine.. 


186 
128 


Annie Vought 


680 


Antares 


129 


Arctic 


185 


Argo 


204 


Atalan ta 


267 


B. F. Wade 


161 


Barbarian 


298 


Bay State 


249 


Belle Walbridge 


271 


Beloit 


105 


Bertie Calkins 


256 


Bessie Boalt 


173 


Black Hawk . 


145 


C. Michelson 

C. North. 


137 
108 


Carried forward 


6,794 



1&5 



Name. 



SCHOONERS. 

Brought forward 

C. A. King 

C. J. Roeder 

C. L. Johnston 

C. N. Johnson 

Carrier 

Charley Hibbard 

Champion 

Christiana -- 

Christina Nilsson... 

Citj' Qf Chicago 

City of Green Bay . . 
City of Woodstock . 

Clara - 

Clara Parker 

Clipper City 

Coaster 

Collingwood , 

Col. Ellsworth 

Contest 

Coral - 

Cornelia 

Curlew 

Cuyahoga 

D. R. Martin 

David Ferguson 

David A. Wells 

Dawn 

Driver 

E. Scovill - 

E. M. Davidson 

E. M. Portch 

E. M. Stanton 

E. R. Blake 

Eclipse - 

Edna 

El Tempo 

Ebenezer 

Eliza Day 

Ellen Spry 

Emeline 

Emma 

Empire State 

Ethan Allen 

Eveline 

Experiment -.. 

F.B.Gardner 

Fashion 

Fleetwing 

Fl orence Lester 

Floretta 

Flving Cloud 

Flying Mist 

Frontier Citj' 

Four Brothers 

G. Barber 

G. D. Douseman 

G. D. Norris 

G. G. Cooper 

Gallatin 

Gamecock 

Gesine 

Geo. C. Finney 

(ieo. H. Wand 

Geo. L. Wrenn 

(ieo. Steele 

Geo. Spangler 

Gipsey...!... 

Gladiator 

Golden Fl eece 

Grace Murray 

Grace M. Filer 

Groton 

H. C. Albrecht 

H. P. Baldwin 

Carried forward 



Ton- 
nage. 



6.794 
316 
131 
199 
288 
187 
145 

28 

20 
311 
327 
346 
164 
2&3 
430 
126 

81 
258 
319 
209 
116 
268 
1921 
243' 
326 
223 
3111 

80 
137 
124 
282 
306 
166 
201 
158 

38 
166 
120 
126 
546! 
128; 
111 
299' 
241 
236 

50' 
423i 
162 
3491 
265: 
296' 
255i 
316; 
201 
198 

99 
276 
262 
311 
317 
170; 

99! 
301 
359: 
214i 
270 i 
159 
144 
141 
452 
254 
237 
352 
237 
495 



Naite. 



SCHOONERS. 

Brought forward 

Halsted 

Hamlet 

Harriet Ann 

HattieEarl , 

Hercules 

Higgle & Jones 

Homer 

Honest John 

Hungarian 

I. A. Johnson 

Ida.... 

Ida Keith 

I. M. Forrest 

Ironsides 

Ithaca 

Iver Lawson 

J. Bigler 

J. Kelderhouse 

A. Holmes 

& A. Stronach 

B. Penfield.. 

F. Tracv 

P.Ward 

V. Taylor 

W. Brown.- 

W. Doane 

Jas. Catchpole 

Japan 

Jason Parker 

Jennie Mullin 

John Bean, Jr 

John Mark 

John Miner 

JohnTibbitts 

John V. Jones 

Josephine Dresden 

Julia B. Merrill 

Jennie Lind 

KateGillett 

Kate Hinchman 

Kearsarge 

Ketchum 

L. M. Mason 

L. A. Burton 

L. B. Coates 

L. B. Shepard 

Lake Forest 

Lavinda 

Lena Johnson 

Lewis Day 

Liberty 

Libbie Nau 

Lizzie A. Law 

Lt. Gen. U. S.Grant 

Lincoln Dall 

Little Belle 

Lotus 

Louisa McDonald 

Lucinda VanValkenburg 

Magdalena 

Maggie Thompson 

Magnolia 

Maine 

Margaret Dall 

Margaret A. Muir 

Mariner 

Marion Dixon 

Mary 

Mary Collins 

Mary A. Gregory 

Mary L. Higgle 

Mary R. Ann 

Mears.. 

MeMna 



Ton- 
nage. 



23,7201 Carried forward 



23,720 
497 
163 

90 
101 

90 
439 
455 

98 
281 

96 
170 
490 
174 
253 
144 
170 
353 
501 
132 
144 
292 
139 
112 
200 
166 
617 
129, 
192j 

ml 

2061 
157, 
319 
273 
149 
236 

84 
201 
111 
263 
236 
154 
187 
250 
215 
207 
221 
332 
126 
229 
382 

81 
232 
747 
156 
207 
121 
282 
192 
302 
"74 
156 
118 
152 
176 
347 
113 

69 
160 
262 

87 
311 

21 
430 
289 



Name. 



40,142 



SCHOONERS. 

Brought forward 

Mermaid 

Metropolis 

Midnight 

Milan 

Millard Fillmore 

Milwaukee Belle 

Minerva 

Minnie Mueller 

Minnie Slauson 

Monsoon 

Montauk 

Moselle 

Moses Gage 

Myrtle 

Mystic 

Norman 

North Cape 

North Star 

Oneonta 

Ostrich 

Otter 

Owasco 

Pauline 

Pensaukee 

Peoria 

Perry Hannah 

Persia 

Pilgrim 

Petrel 

Pilgrim 

Potomac 

Queen of the West . 

R. B. Hayes 

R. B. Hubbard 

R. B. King 

R. C.Crawford 

R. J. Skidmore 

Racine 

Radical 

Raleigh... 

Ralph Campbell 

Reciprocity 

Reed Case 

Regulator 

Reindeer 

Richard Mott 

Rob Roy 

S. Bates 

S. B. Pomeroy 

S. G. Andrews 

St. Paul 

Salma 

San Jacinto 

Sea Bird 

Sea Star.- 

Sky Lark 

Sunrise 

Sardinia 

T. T. Avery.. 

Tempest 

Tom Paine 

Topsey 

Trio 

Tuscola 

Two Brothers „ 

Vermont 

W.B.Allen 

W. H.Dunham 

W. H. Hawkins 

W. H. Wmard...... 

Westchester 

White Cloud.. 

Wm. Crosthwaite.-. 
Wm. Jones.- 

Carried forward 



Ton- 
nage. 



40.142 

61 
246 
288 
221 
291 
243 
216 
211 
366 
132 
332 
245 
255 
207 
162 
252 
386 
140 
424 
285 
205 
315 
135 
555 
172 
220 

97 
187 
151 
164 
209 
206 
669 
104 

83 
310 
108 
168 
177 
158 
227 
225 
330 
120 
191 
202 
117 
139 
430 
198 
227 
110 
266 
140 

95 
313 
439 
150 
256 
196 

46 
147 

70 
17» 
204 

81 
29& 
185 
135 
109 
154 
244 
372 
154 

56,245 



156 



Name. 


Ton- 
nage. 


Vessels. 


Ton- 
nage. 


SCHOONERS. 
Brouffht forward 


56,245 ' 
263 
233 
1.57 
256 
137 
726 


RECAPITULATION. 
2 Steamers 




Wm. Sturgca 


33 


Windsor .. 


15 Propellers 


4 912 


WhiteOak 


27 Steam Canal Boats 


2,491 
1,863 


Yankee Blade 


62 Tugs 


Z. G. Simmons 


13 Barks 


4.486 


Zack Ctiandler .. 


3 Brigs 


1,016 




1 Sloop Yacht 


23 


259 Vessels . 


58.022 

i 

10 
11 
12 
18 
18 
10 
9 


259 Schooners 


58,022 




7 Schooners (under 20 tons) 


88 


SCHOONERS (Under 20 Tons). 
Bonetat 


389 Total 


72,934 


Clara 






Lillie Walbert 




Mantha 




North Spy - 




Seminole 




Spy .-- . 








7 Vessels - 


88 









LIST OF VESSELS 

Built during the year 1877 and Documented at Cliicago. 



Class. 


Name. 


Ton- 
nage. 


Class. 


Name. 


Ton- 
nage. 


Propeller 


Lady Washington 


76 
10 
107 
94 
94 


Schooner 


Clara 


11 


Pet 


Edna... 


38 


St. C. Bt. 


B. J. Moore 


R.B. Hayes 


669 


-,1. 


Nashotah 


8 Vessels 




*i 


W elcome 


1,099 











LIST OF VESSELS 
Belonging in Chicago reported lost during the year 1877. 



Class. 


Name. 


Tonnage. 


Value. 


Insurance. 


Where Lost. 


Schooner 


Col. H. C. Hig 

Dick Somers.. 


149 
332 
214 

70 
266 
131 
121 
.307 

84 
132 
137 


4,000 
8.000 
3,000 
2.000 
18,000 
6,000 
2,000 


None. 

6,000 

None. 

12,000 
None. 


Off St. Joseph, Mifh. 

Off Poverty Island, Green Bay. 

Off month Kalamazoo river, Mich. 


Br is 


P^ashion 


Schooner 


Fisher 


Off Michigan City, Ind. 
Off Milwaukee, Wis. 
Off Calumet, 111. 
Off Miller's Station, Ind. 




Grace O. Channon 

Geo. E. Pnrington 

J. B. Chapin 




Kate L. Bruce 

Madison 


14,000 6,000 
750 None. 


Off Thunder Bay, Lake Huron. 
Off White Hall, Mich. 




Mary Booth 


3,000 
1.000 


Ik 


Off Port Washington, Wis. 
Off Brown's Pier, Ind. 




P. Hayden 










1,943 


$61,750 


S24,000 





,--j. .--, ■ -"ViiC*-?^/- 



LIST OF MEMBEES 



OV THB 



BOARD OF TRADE OF THE CITY OF CHICAGO 



FQTl 2.&77. 



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APPEI^DIX. 



■- -^ '- ■' . ":*:■ 



ACT OF INCORPORATION, 



EXILES, BY-LAWS 



AND 



INSPECTION REGULATIONS 



Board of Trade of the City of Chicago. 



IN FORCE JANUARY 1, 1878. 



"•; V<.^''".- «: ■ 






ffr5fi!»»!J^S'^.' r-J.'- ■ . ' ^ -^ „ r^)^^ 



lE'DEX TO APPEI^DIX. 



Act of Ikcorporation, - t 

Preamble, -- xi 

Rule I — Government and Elections, - - - xiii 

EuLE II — Duties of the President, - - - - xiv 
EuLE III — Vice-Presidents — Duties, _ . . xv 

EuLE IV — Powers and Duties of the Board of Directors, xvi 
EuLE V — Duties of the Secretary and Assistant Sec- 
retary, - - -. - - - _ - xxvi 
EuLE VI — Duties of the Treasurer, . . . xxviii 
EuLE VII — Duration of Offices, . _ . _ xxviii 

EuLE VIII — Committees of Arbitration and Appeals, xxviii 

Eule IX — Special Committees, xxxiv 

EuLE X — Memberships, ------ xxxiv 

EuLE XI — Clerks, xxxv 

Eule XII — Visitors, ------- xxxvi 

Eule XIII — Complimentary Tickets, - - - - xxxvi 

Eule XIV — Brokers, xxxvii 

Eule XV — Annual Meeting, xxxvii 

Eule XVI — Special Elections, - . - - xxxvii 
Eule XVII — Annual Assessment — when due,- -xxxviii 
Eule XVIII — Appropriations, ----- xxxviii 






,,.,.;,.. ■;.;|r-ip;3'S;Bv:. 



iv INDEX TO APPENDIX. 

EuLE XIX — Irregular Trading, . . . . xxxix 

EuLE XX — Saioking Prohibited, - - - - xxxix 
EuLE XXI — Seal, -------- xxxix 

EuLE XXII — Quorum, xl 

Eule XXIII — Margins on Time Contracts, - - xl 

EuLE XXIV — Eegular Deliveries, - - - - xlvi 

Eule XXV — Eights of Parties on Grain Contracts, xlvii 
Eule XXVI — Failure to Deliver or Eeceive on Con- 
tracts, --------- xlix 

Eule XXVII — Distilled Spirits, . - - - i 

Eule XXVIII — Provisions, liii 

Eule XXIX — Sale of Provisions, - - - - liv 

Eule XXX — Tares, - - Ix 

Eule XXXI — Eepeal, Ix 

By-Laws, Eules of Order and Proceedings, - - Ixi 
Eegulations for the Inspection of Provisions, - Ixv 

Eequirements as to Cut and Packing of Hog Products, Ixix 
Barreled Pork, - - - - - - ^ - - ixix 

Pickled Meats, - - - - - - - - Ixxii 

Cut Meats, _ . . - Ixxiv 

Lard, ---------- Ixxvii 

Packages, - . - Ixxvii 

Eegulations for the Inspection of Flour, - - Ixxix 
Eegulations for the Inspection of Hay, - - Ixxxiii 



-■_ ■^-. ■■=T'h 



o^ '.^:it^:';^ 



A]Sr AOT TO I^OORPOEATE 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, 
represented in the General Assembly : 
SECTiOif 1. That the persons now composing the 
Board of Trade of tlie City of Chicago, are hereby 
created a body politic and corporate, under the name 
and style of the " Board of Teade of the City of corporate title. 
Chicago," and by that name may sue and be sued, 
implead and be impleaded, receive and hold property 
and effects, real and personal, by gift, devise or pur- 
chase, and dispose of the same by sale, lease or other- 
wise ; said property so held not to exceed at any time Limit of 

property. 

the sum of two hundred thousand dollars ; may have 
a common seal, and alter the same from time to time, Seai. 
and make such Eules, Regulations and By-Laws from power to 

adopt rules, 

time to time, as they may think proper or necessary regulations and 
for the government of the corporation hereby created, 
not contrary to the laws of the land. 

Sec. 2. That the Rules, Regulations and By-Laws Present rules, 

regulations 

of the said existing Board of Trade shall be the Rules a^id by-iaws to 

° govern until 

and By-Laws of the corporation hereby created, until ^"^^^ *^^*°^®^' 
the same shall be regularly repealed or altered ; and that 
the present oflBcers of said Association known as the 



.-V-K-'-.i^- - 



VI 



BOAKD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



" Board of Trade of the City of Chicago," shall be the 
officers of the corporation hereby created, until their 
respective offices shall regularly expire, or be vacated, or 
until the election of new officers according to the pro- 
visions hereof. 
OflScers. Sec. 3. The officers shall consist of a President, one 

or more Vice-Presidents, and such other officers as may 
be determined upon by the Rules, Eegulations or By- 
Laws of said corporation. All of said officers shall 
respectively hold their offices for the length of time 
fixed upon by the Eules and Eegulations of said corpo- 
ration hereby created, and until their successors are 
elected and qualified. 

Sec. 4. The said corporation is hereby authorized to 
establish such Eules, Eegulations and By-Laws for the 
management of their business, and the mode in which it 
shall be transacted, as they may think proper. 

Sec. 5. The time and manner of holding elections and 
making appointments of such officers as are not elected, 
shall be established by the Eules, Eegulations and By- 
Laws of said corporation. 

Sec. 6. Said corporation shall have the right to admit 
or expel such persons as they may see fit, in manner to 
be prescribed by the Eules, Eegulations and By-Laws 
thereof. / 

Committees. Sec. 7. Said Corporation may constitute and appoint 
Committees of Eeference and Arbitration, and Com- 
mittees of Appeals, who shall be governed by such rules 
and regulations as may be prescribed in the Eules, Eegu- 
lations or By-Laws, for the settlement of such matters 



Rules, 
regulations 
and by-laws. 



Manner of hold- 
ing elections. 



Power to admit 
and expel. 



ACT OF INCORPORATION. Vll 

of difference as may be voluntarily submitted for arbi- 
tration by members of the Association, or by other per- 
sons not members thereof, the acting chairman of either " 
of said committees, "when sitting as arbitrators, may 
administer oaths to the parties and witnesses, and issue 
subpoenas and attachments, compelling the attendance 
of witnesses, the same as justices of the peace, and in like 
manner, directed to any constable to execute. 

Sec. 8. When any submission shall have been made Executions 

upon awards. 

in writing, and a final award shall have been rendered, 
and no appeal taken within the time fixed by the Rules 
or By-Laws, then, on filing such award and submission 
with the Clerk of the Circuit Court, an execution may 
issue upon such award as if it were a judgment ren- 
dered in the Circuit Court, and such award shall thence- 
forth have the force and effect of such a judgment, and 
shall be entered upon the judgment docket of said court. 

Sec. 9. It shall be lawful for said corporation, when Bonds, 
they shall think proper, to receive and require of and 
from their officers, whether elected or appointed^ good 
and sufficient bonds for the faithful discharge of their 
duties and trusts; and the President or Secretary is oaths of office, 
hereby authorized to administer such oaths of office as 
may be prescribed in the By-Laws or Rules of said cor- 
poration. Said bonds shall be made payable and con- 
ditioned as prescribed by the Rules or By-Laws of said 
corporation, and may be sued and the moneys collected suits upon 
and held for the use of the party injured, or such other 
use as may be determined upon by said corporation. 

Sec. 10. Said corporation shall have power to appoint 






Vlll 



BOAED OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Inspectors, 
gangers and 
weighers. 



Certificates, 
evidence of, 



one or more persons, as they may see fit, to examine, 
measure, weigh, gauge or inspect flour, grain, provisions, 
liquor, lumber, or any other articles of produce or trafl&c 
commonly dealt in by the members of said corporation ; 
and the certificate of such person or inspector, as to the 

orquaiUy^'^^'^^^^^^^^*-3^ ^^ quantity of any such article, or their brand or 
mark upon it, or upon any package containing such 
article, shall be evidence between buyer and seller, of the 
quantity, grade or quality of the same, and shall be bind- 
ing upon the member of said corporation, or others in- 
terested, and requiring or assenting to the employment 
of such weighers, measurers, gaugers or inspectors; 

Employment of nothing herein contained, however, shall compel the 

appointees not 

obligatory. employment, by any one, of any such appointee. 

Pines. Seo. 11. Said corporation may inflict fines upon any 

of its members, and collect the same, for breach of its 

Eules, Eegulations or By-Laws ; but no fine shall exceed 

five dollars. Such fines may be collected by action of 

debt, before a justice of the peace, in the name of the 

corporation. 

Sec. 12. Said corporation shall have no power or 

authority to do or carry on any business, excepting such 

as is usual in the management of boards of trade or 

chambers of commerce, or as provided in the foregoing 

sections of this bill. 

WM. K. MORRISON, 

Speaker of the House of Representatives. 

JOHN WOOD, 

Speaker of the Senate. 
Approved February 18, 1859. 

WM. H. BISSELL. 



Shall not 
exceed five 
dollars. 



Limitation of 
powers. 



If- 



ACT OF INCOKPOEATION. ix 



UNITED STATES OF AMEEICA, ) 

STATE OF ILLINOIS. f 

I, 0. M. Hatch, Secretary of State of the State of certificate. 
Illinois, do hereby certify that the foregoing is a true 
copy of an enrolled law now on file in my oflBce. 

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 
hand and affixed the Great Seal of State, at 
[seal] ^^^ ^-^y ^f Springfield, this seventh day of 
March, A.D. 1859. 

0. M. HATCH, 

Secretary of State. 



/ 



.A-Jr^.:^;_, 



RULES, BY-LAWS, 



AND 



mSPECTlON REGULATIONS 



OP THB 



Board of Trade of the City of Chicago. 



AS ADOPTED SEPTEMBER 25, 1815, 
AND SUBSEQUENTLY MODIFIED. 



OBJECTS. 

The objects of the Association are: To maintain a Preamble. 
Commercial Exchange; to promote uniformity in the 
customs and usages of merchants; to inculcate princi- 
ples of justice and equity in trade; to facilitate the 
speedy adjustment of business disputes; to acquire and 
to disseminate valuable commercial and economic infor- 
mation ; and generally, to secure to its members the 
benefits of cooperation in the furtherance of their legit- 
imate pursuits. 

In accordance with the franchises conferred by its 
Charter, and to accomplish the objects sought by the 
Association in its organization, 

The Boaed oe Trade of the City of Chicago 
has adopted, for its direction and government, the fol- 
lowing Rules, By-Laws and Regulations. 



■;'k;'-*' 



F' 



V5^7a»w?^.^ 



GENERAL RULES. 



KULE I. 

GOVEKNMEKT AND ELECTIONS. 

Section" 1. The Government of the Board of Trade Government of 

the Association 

of the City of Chicago is hereby vested in a President,— ^ow vested, 
two Vice-Presidents, and fifteen Directors, who, collect- 
ively — including the President and Vice-Presidents — 
shall be known as the Board of Dieectors, all of Board of 

Directors — 

whom shall have been members of the Association for <i°ai'ficatione. 
at least one year next preceding their election. The 
President, one Vice-President, and five Directors shall 
be elected annually. The President shall hold his oflBce 
for the term of one year, or until his successor is elected 
and qualified ; the Vice-Presidents, in like manner, shall Terms of office, 
hold their ofl&ces for the term of two years, and the Di- 
rectors, in like manner, for the term of three years. Ten 
members of the Board of Directors shall constitute aQnornm. 
quorum for the transaction of business, but a less num- 
ber may adjourn from time to time to any fixed date 
preceding the next regular meeting of the said Board. 

Sec. 2. There shall also be elected by the members of committees of 

Arbitration and 

the Association a Committee of Arbitration and a Com- Appeals, 
mittee of Appeals, consisting of ten members each, who 
shall hold their respective offices for the period of two 



^■;"?"^rS^TvSS^*'S ■ '3 



XIV 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Annual 
election 



years. Five members of each committee shall be elected 
Qualifications, annually. The qualifications for election to either of 
these committees shall be the same as for the office of 
Director. No person shall, at the same time, be a mem- 
ber of both committees. 

Sec. 3. The annual election for all elective oSiciers of 
the Association shall be held in the Exchange Hall on 
the first Monday after the second day of January in 
each year, between the hours of ten o'clock a. m. and 
four o'clock p. M., and all voting shall be by ballot. 
The official term of all officers shall commence on the 
Monday succeeding their election. 

Sec. 4. For President and Vice-Presidents, a major- 
ity of all the votes cast shall be necessary to a choice ; 
but for all other elective officers, a plurality shall elect. 

Sec. 5. In case of failure to elect any officer voted for 
on the first trial, another election, in like manner, shall 
be held on the succeeding day, and if there shall again 
be a failure to elect, then, upon a third trial, held in like 
manner, on the day following, a plurality shall elect. 



Commence- 
ment of 
official term. 

Requirements 
of an election. 



Failure to elect. 



Subsequent 
trials. 



KULE II. 



DUTIES OF THE PRESIDENT. 



Executive 
powers. 



To act as 
presiding 
officer. 



Section 1. It shall be the duty of the President to 
act as the general executive officer of the Association 
and of the Board of Directors ; to preside at all meet- 
ings of the Association and of the Board of Directors, 
and to direct the proceedings of each in accordance with 
the Kules, By-Laws and Kules of Order governing the 






GENERAL EULES. XV 



same; to call special meetings of the Board of Directors To can special 

meetings — 

and of the Association: and also, upon the written re- i>irectors and 

^ ■'X- Association. 

quest of twenty-five members, to call special meetings of - 

the Association, which shall be done by causing notice 
of the same to be publicly announced on 'Change ; Pro- 
vided, such request shall state the object for which such 
meeting is to be called, and it shall be made at least 
three business days preceding the said meeting. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the President to pre- To preserve 

order in the 

serve order and proper business decorum in the Ex- Exchange 

^ ^ Eoom. 

change Eooms of the Association during all business 

hours ; and in case any member or other person shall be Penalty for 

' -^ _ ^ disorderly 

guilty of any disorderly, boisterous or offensive conduct •^°^^"^*' 
while in the Exchange Eooms, he shall for that offense 
be suspended from the privilege of admission to said 
rooms, for such time as may be determined by the Pres- 
ident, subject, however, to appeal to the Board of Di- 
rectors, but pending such appeal he shall remain so sus- 
pended if the President shall so elect. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the President to tem- power to mi 

.- „-- 1-1 • vacancies and 

porarily nil any vacancy which may occur m any ap- to appoint 

committees. 

pointive office of the Association, and to appoint all 
committees whose appointment is not otherwise pro- 
vided for. 

EULE III. 

vice-peesidents — duties. 
Sectioi^ 1. The Vice-President serving upon^the last First and 

second Vice- 
year of his official term shall be the first Vice-President, Presidents. 

and the Vice-President serving upon the first year of his 
2 



XVI 



Respective 
dntiee. 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



official term shall be the second Vice-President. It 
shall be the duty of the Vice-Presidents, respectively, in 
this order to perform the duties of the President, in 
case of his absence or disability. 



KULE IV. 



Business and 
financial 
concerns — 
how managed. 



Appointment 
of oflScers and 
employes. 



Compensation 
of ofMcers and 
appointees. 

Terms of 
appointed 
officers. 



Appointments 
revocable. 



POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS. 

Section 1. All the business and financial concerns of 
the Association shall be managed and conducted (in ac- 
cordance with the Charter, Kules, Kegulations and By- 
Laws of the Association) by or under the direction of 
the Board of Directors. 

Sec. 2. The Board of Directors shall, on the Monday 
succeeding each annual election, or as soon thereafter as 
may be practicable, appoint a Secretary, an Assistant 
Secretary, a Treasurer, and such Inspectors, Gangers. 
Weighers, Measurers, and other officers, clerks, assist- 
ants and employes as they may consider necessary for 
the purposes of the Association, and they may establish 
such regulations for the direction and government of 
such appointees as they may think proper; and may fix 
their compensation, and determine by whom the same 
shall be paid. The term of office of all such appointees 
shall commence on the Monday succeeding their ap- 
pointment, or at such other time as the Board of Di- 
rectors may designate, and shall continue for one year, 
or until their successors are appointed and assume their 
duties; but all such appointments shall be revocable at 
the will and pleasure of the said Board. 



• -• »>-;-^.wi;-. 



■*^- ■\ifiSVrr7."- ." -■-.". .-" •'> ■ -^ ;,:•--■■ •-■ ■...''r'i^^-V\''jf^'^--^prfJ:^*^ 



GENERAL RULES. XVll 



Sec. 3. The Board of Directors may require of all oath of office, 
appointees an oath to well and faithfully perform all 
and singular the duties of their oflBce, and a good and Bond. 
suflBcient bond to secure such performance. 

Sec. 4. The Board of Directors shall hold stated stated 

meetings of 

meetings every Monday, except when Monday shall fall Directors, 
upon a legal holiday, in which case the meeting for that 
day may be omitted. 

Sec. 5. The Board of Directors shall cause to be an- Announcement 

of appoint- 

nounced on 'Change, all appointments of public concern ments and 

° -^ -^ -^ revocations. 

which they shall make, and all revocations of the same ; 

and at every annual meeting they shall make a full Anunai report 

of receipts and 

report of receipts and expenditures, properly classified, expenditures. 
and an exhibit of the financial affairs, property and gen- 
eral condition of the Association. They shall, previous Assessments, 
to the annual meeting of the Association, assess on each 
of the members of the Association a pro rata amount, 
which, in their judgment, will be sufficient, in the 
aggregate, to meet all estimated expenditures of the 
Association for the ensuing fiscal year, and they shall, 
at the annual meeting, report to the Association the 
pro rata amount thus assessed. 

Sec. 6. The Board of Directors shall provide suitable Rooms, 
and convenient Exchange, Eeading and other necessary 
rooms and offices for the purposes of the Association, 
and they shall cause the same to be kept in a comfort- 
able, neat and orderly condition. They shall, on all Rooms to be 

open. 

business days, cause the rooms to be open for the ad- 
mission of members of the Association from 9^ o'clock 
A. M. to 1 o'clock p. M., and from 2-J o'clock p. m. to 



?ST?i?!»w"5' -r? - 



XVlll 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Closing of 
rooms 
Saturday p. m. 

General 
Exchange. 



Power to 
regulate use of 
rooms. 



Cause for 
suspeusioii. 



Applicatious 
for reinstate- 
ment. 



Reinstatement 
of members 



3^ o'clock p, M., except on Saturdays, when the Ex- 
change Eoom shall not be opened after 1 o'clock p. m. — 
From 11 o'clock A. m. to 1 o'clock p. m. the main Ex- 
change Hall shall be set apart and devoted to the 
purposes of a General Exchange. They shall have 
power to make all needful rules and regulations in 
regard to the use of such rooms, and to enforce the 
same by the necessary penalties or discipline. 

Sec. 7. • When any member of the Association has 
failed to comply promptly with the terms of any busi- 
ness contract or obligation, and has failed to equitably 
and satisfactorily adjust and settle the same; or when 
any member has failed to promptly comply with and 
fulfill the award of any Committee of Arbitration or 
Committee of Appeals, made in conformity with the 
Eules, Eegulations, and By-Laws of the Association, he 
shall, upon admission or proof of such delinquency, 
before the Board of Directors, be by them suspended 
from all privileges of the Association until all his out- 
standing obligations to members of the same shall have 
been adjusted and settled, when he may, upon applica- 
tion, be reinstated. Notice of all applications for relief 
from suspension, under the provisions of this section, 
shall be posted upon the bulletin of the Exchange, for 
at least one week prior to the hearing of any such appli- 
cation by the Board of Directors, when, if no further 
just claims shall be filed against the said applicant, he 
may be so reinstated ; and if the Board of Directors 
shall be satisfied that sifch failure was merely from 
llnancial inability or misfortune, such member, having 



GE]S"ERAL RULES. XIX 



SO adjusted or settled such outstanding obligations, shall 
be reinstated, and such reinstatement, in either case, 
shall thereafter serve as a bar to any further discipline a bar to further 

discipline. 

by the Association, on account of any claims maturing 
at a date prior to the reinstatement of the said applicant. 

Sec, 8. When any member of the Association shall be improper 

conduct. 

guilty of improper conduct of a personal character in 
any of the rooms of the Association, or when any mem- 
ber shall be guilty of a willful violation of any business 
contract or obligation, and shall neglect or refuse to Refusal to 

adjust 

equitably and satisfactorily adjust and settle the same; contracts, 
or when any member shall willfully neglect or refuse to Refusal to 

comply with 

comply promptly with the award of any Committee of '"''^^'ds- 
Arbitration or Committee of Appeals, rendered in con- 
formity with the Eules, Eegulations, and By-Laws of 
the Association ; or when any member shall violate any violation of 

Rules. 

of the Eules, Eegulations or By-Laws of the Associa- 
tion; or when any member shall be guilty of making or False and 

' •' & J & fictitious 

reporting any false or fictitious purchases or sales; or p^j^<^^*^^^ o"" 
when any member shall be guilty of anv act of bad faith, Dishonorable 

conduct. 

of any attempt at extortion, or of any other dishonor- 
able or dishonest conduct; he shall be censured, sus- Penalty, 
pended or expelled by the Board of Directors, as they 
may determine, from the nature and gravity of the 
offense committed. A majority of a quorum sitting at a vote necessary 

to convict. 

regular or adjourned meeting of the Board of Directors 
shall be necessary to censure or suspend, and an affirm- 
ative vote of at least twelve members of the Board of 
Directors shall be necessary to expel. 

Sec. 9. If, during the progress of any arbitration or 



•I - 



:»*y<^t?K/;t;'*' 



XX 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



(.'hai'i;es for 
establishing 
fictitious 
market. 



Peualty. 



other investigation before any committee of the Associ- 
ation, it shall appear to the satisfaction of such commit- 
tee that any member of the Association has been guilty 
of attempting to establish a fictitious market, as a basis 
for extorting unreasonable damages, or for the purpose 
of avoiding payment of just obligations, the said com- 
mittee shall thereupon make formal charges to that ef- 
fect, against the member thus implicated, to the Board 
of Directors. The member thus charged shall be 
promptly summoned to appear before the Board of Di- 
rectors for an investigation of the charge; and if found 
guilty, he shall be expelled from the Association, if so 
determined by an affirmative vote of at least twelve 
members of the Board of Directors. 

Sec. 10. In any investigation or trial before the 
Board of Directors, or before any other duly constituted 
committee or other tribunal of the Association, if any 
member, who shall have had notice from the Secretary, 
in writing, to appear and testify in the case ; or if any 
member who shall have been cited by the chairman of 
any duly constituted committee or other tribunal of the 
Association to appear and testify, shall neglect or refuse 
to so appear and testify, or, if testifying, shall refuse to 
answer any question which may, by a majority vote of 
the said Board of Directors, committee or other tribu- 
nal, be declared proper and pertinent to the case in 
Punishmeut for hearing, he shall be subject to suspension by the said 
Board, from all privileges of the Association, for such 
period as said Board may determine ; which may be 
done by said Board in case of contempt of a witness be- 



Relnsal to 
appear as a 
witness. 



Or to answer 
questions. 



■'fi^l'i:'^'---!-^'-^' .- ■■ - •^■W'-i^;^^^ •- > ; :-■- .• •---•' ^S^Frr*-'''- 



GENEEAL KULES. xri 



fore said Board of Directors, or on the report in writing 
of any sucli committee or other tribunal, in case the 
contempt shall occur before such committee or other 
tribunal of the Association. It is hereby provided that Privileged 

Answers. 

no witness shall be compelled to answer any question 
which shall criminate himself; nor shall any testimony irrelevant 

testimony not 

be admitted which, in the opinion of the committee or allowable, 
otlier tribunal, is irrelevant to the case in hearing. 

Sec. 11. A member suspended for misconduct may be Reinstatement, 
reinstated by a majority vote of a quorum of the Board 
of Directors. 

Sec. 12. An expelled member shall not be readmitted Expelled 

members — 

to membership except upon payment of the regular how 
initiation fee and annual assessment, and upon satisfac- 
tory evidence that he is a fit person for membership in 
the Association, and then only upon an affirmative vote 
of at least twelve members of the Board of Directors ; 
provided such vote shall be had at a regular meeting at 
least one week succeeding a motion to readmit. 

Sec. 13. All charges made to the Board of Directors charges to be 
against any member of the Association for any default, 
misconduct or offense, shall be in writing, and shall 
state the default, misconduct or offense charged, and the How signed, 
same shall be signed by one or more members of the 
Association, or by a business firm, one or more of whose 
members shall be a member of the Association. 

Sec. 14. No member shall be censured, suspended or Examination 

of charges. 

expelled under this rule without an examination of the 
charges against him by the Board of Directors, nor 
without having an opportunity to be heard in his own 



..->._: .j.^_af.^..,!;5-^-,, 



XXn BOAED OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 

Notice of trial, defense. No examination shall take place until notice 

has been served on the accused member, accompanied 

Copy of by a copy of the charges against him, in writing. Such 

charges. 

notice may be served upon the accused personally, by 

the Secretary or any of his assistants, or it may be left 

at his (the accused's) ordinary place of business; in 

Sufficiency of either of which oases the notice shall be considered suf- 

notice. 

ficieut, and the examination may proceed whether the 

accused is present or not. 

Public rumors Sec. 15. It shall be the duty of the Board of Direct- 
or reports of 

grave offenses ors, in case any grave offense committed by any member 

of meiabers. -^ ° j ^ 

against the good name or dignity of the Association 

shall come to their knowledge, either by public rumor. 

Informal report or otherwise, to cause a preliminary or informal 

investigation 

by Committee, investigation to be made by a committee of their num- 
ber into the truth or falsity of such rumor or report ; 
and if the said committee, after investigation, shall deem 
any member guilty of such offense as rumored or re- 
ported, they shall so report to the Board of Directors, 
with charges; whereupon the member thus implicated 
shall be notified to appear before the Board of Directors 
in manner as provided by Section 14 of this rule, and, if 

Punishment, if found guilty, the Said member shall be suspended or ex- 

snstaincd. 

pelled, as hereinbefore provided. 
Professional Sec. 16. In investigations before the Board of Direct- 
aiiowed. ors, or before any committee of the Association, no party 

shall be allowed to be represented by professional counsel. 
Discharge in Sec. 17. When a member against whom are pending 

bankruptcy. 

no complaints or charges preferred by a member of the 
Association, or who is not under sentence of suspension, 



ff^' ,-*,— ,-^ , <r\, ~-T>^ ^^*.= ."■t^'j^sirj-in^'yi^^sf'^^ ~ -t - ^»"~' V J'S"'* 



GENERAL RULES. XXm 



shall have been duly discharged from his legal responsi- 
bilities or debts by a Court of Bankruptcy, he shall not 
thereafter be liable to discipline on account of such .ob- 
ligations: Provided, the institution of proceedings in Proceedings in 

bankruptcy. 

bankruptcy shall in no wise affect the action of the 
Board of Directors in matters of discipline, brought 
before said Board befoi'e a final discharge in bankruptcy 
shall have been granted; nor shall a discharge in bank- subseq.uent 
ruptcy affect subsequent proceedings, in the way of dis- 
cipline, before said Board, for immoral or dishonest 
transactions, occurring prior to said discharge. 

Sec. 18. It shall be the duty of the Board of Direct- standards of 

grades. 

ors, as occasion may require, to fix and establish stand- 
ards of grades or qualities for Flour, Grain, Provisions, 
Liquors, Lumber, and any other articles or commodities 
dealt in by the members of the Association; and the 
certificate of any Inspector, Weigher, Measurer, or certificates. 
Ganger, appointed by the said Board, as to the quality 
or quantity of any such articles, or his brand or mark 
upon it, or upon any package containing such article, 
shall be evidence between buyer and seller of the qual- 
ity, grade or quantity of the same, and shall be binding 
upon the members of the Association, or others inter- 
ested or requiring or assenting to the employment of 
such Inspectors, Gaugers, Weighers or Measurers; noth- inspection not 

compulsory. 

mg herein contained, however, shall compel the employ- 
ment, by any one, of any such appointees. 

Sec. 19. It shall be the duty of the Board of Direct- standing 

Committees. 

ors, upon the nomination of the President, to appoint 
such Standing Committees from their own number as 



■■T^'T-'^^^'^s:^?^^' 



XXIV 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Delegates to 
National Board. 



Other repre- 
sentatives. 



Legal advice. 



Absence or 
disability of 
presiding 
oflacers. 



Temporary 
chairman. 



Special 

meetings of the 
Association — 
how called. 



they may deem necessary. The Inspection Committees, 
for the purpose of having the proper branches of trade 
represented, may be selected in part or wholly from the 
other members of the Association. All such commit- 
tees, however, shall be fully under the control of the 
said Board of Directors. The said Board of Directors 
shall, in like manner, appoint all delegates to the Na- 
tional Board of Trade, and all representatives to other 
deliberative gatherings in which the Association may be 
entitled to a voice, and to which it may desire represen- 
tation ; and such delegates and representatives may be 
appointed wholly or in part from the membership of the 
Association not members of the Board of Directors. 

Sec. 20. The Board of Directors may employ such 
legal advice and assistance as they may deem necessary 
for the purposes of the Association. 

Sec. 21. In case of absence or disability of the Presi- 
dent and both Vice-Presidents, it shall be the duty of 
the Board of Directors to elect from their number a 
temporary chairman, who, in addition to his duties as 
Chairman of the Board of Directors, shall also tem- 
porarily perform all other duties devolving upon the 
President. 

Sec. 22. The Board of Directors shall have power to 
call special meetings of the Association upon such notice 
and for such purposes as they may deem proper. All 
calls for special meetings of the Association shall state 
the specific object of such meetings, and no other busi- 
ness than that for which a special meeting was called 
shall be considered or transacted at any sucji meeting. 



SKft^i^ 'f-"^ "-^sf , '„-<-, -»^;?»-s*5^^ra«"'?"S!safN ' ■T™^i^»iii^/*!^-SK''Iiii '*7S:t 



GENERAL KULES. XXV 



Sec. 23. It shall he the duty of the President, prior Tellers of 

election. 

to any election to be held by the Association, to appoint 
a sufficient number of tellers, who shall have charge of Duties, 
the ballot boxes and poll lists of the Association, and 
who shall receive, consecutively, and place the same in 
the ballot box, all ballots of members who shall be in 
good and regular standing, who shall have paid all dues 
and assessments. They shall keep a record of all mem- 
bers voting, and opposite each name shall place the 
number of the ballot deposited by said member. Three Quorum, 
of the tellers shall constitute a quorum for receiving and 
recording the votes. No ballot box shall be opened, nor 
shall any votes be counted, except in the presence of at 
least four of their number. They shall make all returns Returns in 

writing. 

in writing to the Secretary of the Association, duly 

signed by at least four of their number, and the Secre- Preservation 

of ballots. 

tary shall preserve all ballots for the period of at least 

two months, for further examination, if the same shall May be 

subsequently 

be ordered by the Board of Directors, to verify the cor- examined, 
rectness of the returns of said tellers. = 

Sec. 24. In case any member of that body shall absent Absence of 

Directors. 

himself from six consecutive regular meetings of the 
Board of Directors, without having been previously ex- 
cused, or without communicating to the President, in 
writing, a good and sufficient excuse for his absence, or 
a resignation of his office, the Board of Directors shall Forfeiture 

of oflice of 

have power to declare the office of said Director vacant. Directors, 
and to immediately order a special election by the Asso- 
ciation to fill said vacancy. 



i^^ ,'■'' 



XXVI 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Special 
meetings of 
Directors. 



How called. 



Sufficient 
notice. 



Records 



Property. 



Statistics. 



Sec. 25. Special meetings of the Board of Directors 
may be convened by order of the President, or by written 
request of any five members of the said Board, addressed 
to the Secretary. Such meetings may be called by pub- 
lic notice announced on 'Change, or by service of per- 
sonal or written notice by the Secretary, or by any of his 
assistants, upon the members of the said Board. A 
written notice left at the usual place of business of any 
member of the said Board of Directors shall be a suffi- 
cient notice in case of meetings called by service of 
personal or written notice. 

RULE V. 

DUTIES OF THE SECRETARY. 



Section 1. The Secretary, under the direction and 
control of the Board of Directors, shall keep a journal 
of the proceedings of the Association ; take charge of the 
seal, books, papers, and property belonging to the Asso- 
ciation ; keep an account of the imports and exports of 
the city ; collect and record valuable statistical informa- 
tion pertaining to the commercial, mercantile and manu- 
facturing interests of the City of Chicago, and post the 
Annual report. Same on 'Change, daily ; and on or about the first of 
January in each year he shall make to the Association a 
full report of the business of the city for the preceding 
year, ending December 31, embracing such other in- 
formation, in his possession, as may be of interest to the 
members. He shall furnish to the chairman of every 
special committee a copy of the resolutions whereby such 
committee shall have been appointed, and under the 



Notice to 
committees. 



-t^^W^i^''^'^Ss^s^^^?^m^ 



GEI5"ERAL RULES. XXVll 



direction of the President, he shall give notice of any 
meetings of the Board of Directors or of the Association. 
He shall conduct the correspondence of the Association, correspond- 
and read such records or papers as the presiding officer 



ence. 



may direct; shall attend meetings of Committees of Attend 

meetings of 

Arbitration or Appeals, and of the Board of Directors, committees, 
and keep an official record of their proceedings, give 
notice when their services are required, issue the neces- 
sary notices and papers to parties, and deliver copies of 
all awards or findings. He shall collect all moneys due collections, 
to the Association for assessments, fines, fees or other- 
wise, and pay the same to the Treasurer; shall keep his 
office open during usual business hours, shall see that 
the rooms and property of the Association are kept in 
good order, and shall perform such other duties as the other duties. 
Board of Directors may from time to time direct. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to furnish certificates of 

appointment. 

to all Inspectors, Gangers, Weighers and Measurers, ap- 
pointed by the Board of Directors, official certificates of 
their appointment, bearing the signatures of the Presi- 
dent and Secretary and the seal of the Association. Such 
certificate shall specify their duty and the time for which 
they are appointed, and also that such appointments are Appointments 
revocable at the will and pleasure of the said Board. 

DUTIES OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY. 

Sec. 3. The Assistant Secretary shall perform such To assist in 

performing t he 

duties pertaining to the office of the Secretary as the laities of 
Directors or the Secretary shall order, and in the tem- 
porary absence or disability of the Secretary shall per- 
form the duties of the Secretary, 



;;k^; 



XXVlll 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



To receive all 
fnnds. 



RULE VI. 

DUTIES OF THE TREASURER. 

Section 1. The Treasurer shall receive from the 
Secretary all funds belonging to the Association, and 
shall disburse the same on the order of the Secretary, 
Quarterly and countersigned by the President; he shall make a quar- 

annual reports. 

terly report to the Board of Directors in April, July, 
October and January, and a full report to the Associa- 
tion at its annual meeting in January of each year, of 
all receipts and disbursements of the Association. The 
accounts of the Treasurer shall be kept in books belong- 
ing to the Association, which books shall be at all times 
open for the examination of the Board of Directors or 
any committee of said Board. 



Books 

accessible to 
Directors. 



RULE VIL 

DURATION OF OFFICES. 

Presentofflcers. SECTION" 1. The present officers of the Association 
shall continue in their respective offices during the term 

New officers, for which they were elected. And the election held by 
the Association on March 26, 1875, for five directors to 
serve until the commencement of the official year in 
1878, is hereby ratified and confirmed. 

RULE VIII. 

COMMITTEES OF ARBITRATION AND APPEALS. 

Duties of Section 1. It shall be the duty of the Committee of 

AX™at^on.° Arbitration to hear and determine all cases of disputed 

claims voluntarily submitted for their adjudication- by 






GEKERAL RULES. XXIX 



members of the Association. All evidence in such cases 
shall be taken under oath or afiSrmation, and shall be 
duly recorded. In all such adjudications, the Committee how to 

construe rules. 

shall construe all Rules, Regulations and By-Laws of 
the Association as being designed to secure justice and 
equity in trade; and all awards or findings shall be 
made in conformity therewith, and in accordance with 
the laws of the land. It is hereby provided, that in How to 

determine 

determining the legitimate value of property, in cases of disputed 
dispute, its value in other markets, or for manufacturing 
purposes in this market, together with such other facts 
as may justly enter into the determination of its true 
value, shall be considered, irrespective of any fictitious 
price it may, at the time, be selling for in this market. 
Provided, that in case of default on contracts for future Penalty, 
delivery, if it shallnot be shown that the seller had pro- 
vided by a previous purchase of the property for delivery 
on his contract, he shall, in the judgment of the Com- 
mittee, be liable to pay, as penalty for such default, dam- 
ages not exceeding five (5) per cent of the value of the 
property sold. 

In case either party shall so demand, by previous no- stenographic 
tice given to the Secretary, the testimony and proceed- ^^^°^ ^ 
ings of the Committee of Arbitration shall be taken by 
a stenographer, the cost of which shall be assessed by 
the Committee as in cases of other costs incurred. 

Sec. 2. Any award or finding of the Committee of Appeal to 

Arbitration may be appealed from, and the case may be Appeals— 

•' how made. 

carried to the Committee of Appeals for revision; Pro- 
vided, notice of such appeal shall be given to the Secre- 



XXX BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



tarj, in writing, within two business days after such 
award or finding shall have been delivered to the parties 
in controversy. 
Committee of Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the Committee of Ap- 

Appeals— -^ ^ 

duties. peals to review such cases as may be appealed from the 

Committee of Arbitration and formally brought before 

Its awarcis not it, and its awards or findings shall be final and binding:, 

subject to ° °' 

revision. and shall not be subject to revision by any other tribunal 

Regularity. of the Associatiou ; Provided, the Board of Directors 
may determine, from the Eecord and other evidence, as 
to the proper constitution of any committee and as to 

New evidence, the regularity of its proceedings. The said Committee 
of Appeals shall receive such new evidence as may be 
offered under oath or affirmation; and if, in its judg- 

Remandius meut, evidence is produced which will justify a rehearing 
of the case by the Committee of Arbitration, it shall 
remand the case to the said Committee of Arbitration 

Final awards, for a ncw trial. Any final award or finding of the Com- 
mittee of Appeals shall be based on the record of the 

How governed. Committee of Arbitration, and shall be made in like 
manner .as prescribed by Section 1 of this rule. 

Quorum. Sec. 4, Five of either of these Committees shall be a 

Number neces- quorum for the transaction of business, and a majority 

sary to concur 

in an award, decision of sucli quorum shall be binding. 

Awards — how Sec. 5. The Committee of Arbitration and the Corn- 
rendered. 

mittee of Appeals shall each render their awards or find- 
ings in writing, through the Secretary of the Association, 
When made, within two busiuess days after their decision shall have 
been made. Such awards or findings shall be signed by 
the Chairman of the Committee, and shall be certified 



w^ 



GEIfERAL RULES. XXXI 



by the Secretary, under the Seal of the Association. 

The official record and decisions of these committees, official records 

open to 

and all other records of the Association, may be inspected members, 
by any member of the Association, upon application to 
the Secretary. 

Sec. 6. When, from absence or disqualification of vacancies — 

how filled. 

regular members, either the Committee of Arbitration 
or Appeals cannot be formed, the parties in controversy 
shall be allowed to fill vacancies with any member or 
members of the Association willing to serve (not being 
of the other Committee) on whom they may agree; or if special 

Committees of 

such parties are unwilling to submit their case to the Arbitration— 

■^ ° now formed 

Committee of Arbitration, they may choose three or ^'^^ ^°^^™®^- 
more members, (willing to serve, and not being of the 
Committee of Appeals,) whom they may agree upon ; 
such agreement, in either case, to be communicated to 
the Secretary in writing, signed by all the parties in 
controversy. A majority award or finding of any such 
Committee shall be binding, and any award or finding of 
Committees thus formed shall be made under the same 
rules and shall have the same effect as if made by the 
regular Committees, respectively. 

Sec. 7. Before entering upon the duties of their office 
the members of any Committee of Arbitration or Com- 
mittee of Appeals shall be required to take or subscribe 
to the following oath or affirmation, viz: "You dooathof 
solemnly swear (or affirm) that you respectively will committees, 
faithfully and fairly hear and examine all matters of 
controversy which may come before you during your 
tenure of office, and that you will in all cases make just 



i-j.'yf!i'^: 



XXXll BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO, 

and equitable awards or findings upon the same, in con- 
formity with the Eules, Eegulations, and By-Laws of 
the Association, and according to the evidence, to the 
best of your understanding; so help you God." 
Administration Sec. 8. The Chairman or Acting Chairman of any 

of oaths to a J 

witnesses. Committee of Arbitration or Appeals shall have power 
to administer suitable oaths to the parties and witnesses, 
and to issue citations to witnesses. 

Submissions— Sec. 9. Parties desiring the services of either of the 

how made. 

foregoing Committees shall notify the Secretary to that 
effect in writing, and, before the hearing of the case. 

Agreement to shall file an agreement with him, signed by the parties 
to the controversy, binding themselves to abide, perform 
and fulfill the final award or finding which shall be 
made touching the matter submitted, without recourse 

Postponement to any other court or tribunal. Neither partv shall 

of trial. 

postpone the trial of a case longer than ten days after it 

has been submitted, unless good cause can be shown 

Triflingmatters therefor, Satisfactory to the Committee. Trifling and 

not to be . 

entertained, unimportant matters shall not be entertained by the 
Committee of Arbitration. Any member of a firm may 
execute said agreement on behalf of such firm. __ 

■pi^^ot ^^^' ^^' Members of the Committees of Arbitration 

Committee^ or Appeals, failing to attend when their services are 
required, may be fined, for the use of the Association, 
three dollars for each default, unless a satisfactory excuse 
shall be made to the Committee. 

Pegg Sec. 11. The fees for arbitration, under the Eules, 

By-Laws and Eegulations of the Association, shall be as 
follows : 



rfi>'?^giv?*SfJ ■ . . :_*^-?E^- 



GENERAL RULES. XXXUl 



For the benefit of the Committee, for each case 
where the amount in controversy shall be 
under $500 $10 00 

For the benefit of the Committee, for each case 
where the amount in controversy shall be 
from $500 to $1,000 15 00 

For the benefit of the Committee, for each case 
where the amount in controversy shall be 
from $1,000 to $1,500 20 00 

For the benefit of the Committee, for each case 
where the amount in controversy shall be 
from $1,500 to $2,500 25 00 

For the benefit of the Committee, for each case 
where the amount in controversy shall be 

from $2,500 upwards 50 00 

The fees, as above, shall be paid in advance, to the 

Secretary, by the party bringing the case. 
Sec. 12. The fees of the Committee of Appeals shall Fees on 

appeals. 

be the same as the fees in the same case before the Com- 
mittee of Arbitration, and they shall be paid and dis- 
posed of in the same manner. 

Sec. 13. If parties to a controversy fail to appear at Failure to 

appear. 

the time set for trial, or request a postponement, they 

may (if the case is postponed) be assessed with costs, by costs for 

. postponement. 

and for the use of the Committee, m any sum, in the 
Committee's discretion, not exceeding five dollars. The 
Committee, however, may insist that the trial shall take 
place without postponement. 

• Sec. 14. When neither of the parties in the contro- Fees on 
versy is a member of the Association, the aforesaid fees non-members. 






XXXIV BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Costs to be may be doubled. Fees, and all additional costs that may 

assessed by . , . , . . . 

Committee. be incurred in the investigation of suits, shall be finally 
paid by either of the parties in the ease, as may be 
decided by the Committee hearing the same, and shall 
be included in their award or finding. 

EULE IX. 

SPECIAL COMMITTEES. 

Howappoinied. Sectiost 1. Special Committees may be appointed by 
the Association or by the Board of Directors, to such 
service and in such manner as they may see fit, and it 
shall be the duty of every Committee appointed by the 
Association, the President or the Board of Directors, to 
act when properly called upon. 

RULE X. 

MEMBERSHIPS. 

Qaaiiflcations. SECTION 1. Any persoii of good character and credi.t, 
and of legal age, and resident of or permanently doing 
business in the city of Chicago, on presenting a written 

Application, application, indorsed by two members, and stating the 
name and business avocation of the applicant, after ten 
days' notice of such application shall have been posted 

How admitted, on the bulletin of the Exchange, may be admitted to 
membership in the Association, upon approval by at 
least ten (10) affirmative ballot-votes of the Board of 

Initiation fee. Directors, and upon payment of an initiation fee of one 
thousand dollars, or on presentation of a certificate of 
unimpaired or unforfeited membership, duly traijsferred, 



■f.:^.!»/^p^^Xi- 



GENERAL RULES. XXXV 



and by signing an agreement to abide by the Eules, 
Regulations and By-Laws of the Association, and all 
amendments that may, in due form, be made thereto. 

Sec. 2. Every member shall be entitled to receive a certificate of 

membership. 

certificate of membership, bearing the corporate seal of 
the Association, and the signatures of the President and 
Secretary ; and if the member in Whose name said cer- 
tificate stands has paid all assessments due, and has 
against him no outstanding unadjusted or unsettled 
claims or contracts held by members of the Association, 
and said membership is not in any way impaired or for- 
feited, it shall, upon the payment of ten (10) dollars, be How 

transferable. 

transferable upon the books of the Association, to any 
person eligible to membership, who may be approved by 
the Board of Directors, after due notice, by posting, as 
provided in Section 1 of this rule. The membership of 
a deceased member shall be transferable, in like manner, 
by his legal representative. Prior to the transfer of any 
membership, application for such transfer shall be posted 
upon the bulletin of the Exchange for at least ten days, 
when, if no objection is made, it shall be assumed the 
member has no outstanding claims against him. 

RULE XL 

CLERKS. 

Section 1. Every firm or business house, all the resi- condition*, 
dent members of which are members of the Association, 
shall be entitled to one or more clerk's tickets of admis- 
sion to the Exchange Rooms, by the payment of the 



XXX VI 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Assessments. Current annual assessment of members, such clerk to be 
a regular employ^ of the firm applying for the ticket, 

Restrictions, and to be approved by the Board of Directors ; but no 
clerk shall be entitled to transact any business on the 
floor of the Exchange Eooms, for himself, or for any 
other person than the employer to whom the ticket is 

Forfeiture. Issued. Any clcrk's ticket, and all payments for the 
same, may be declared, by the Board of Directors, for- 
feited, upon satisfactory evidence that the party holding 
it has violated any of the privileges granted by it, or 
that he is not a liona fide employ^ of the party upon 
whose application the same was issued. 

RULE XII. 

VISITORS. 

Introduction. Sectiox 1. Visitors may be introduced to the Ex- 
change Rooms upon such terms and for such time as the 
Board of Directors may from time to time determine. 

Restrictions. No person holding a visitor's ticket shall be permitted 
to negotiate or transact any business in the Exchange 
Rooms. For any violation of this rule the privilege of 
visiting the rooms may be forfeited. 



RULE XIII. 

COMPLIMENTARY TICKETS. 



Under control SECTION 1. The Board of Directors may authorize the 
Directors. issue of Complimentary tickets of admission to the Ex- 
change Rooms to such persons as they may designate ; 
Restrictions, but no persou holding such a ticket shall be entitled to 






GENERAL RULES. XXXVll 



vote, or to transact any business in the Exchange Eooms, 
except such as maybe incident to the business on ac- 
count of which the ticket was issued. 

EITLE XIV. 

BROKERS. 

Sectiojs" 1. Any person claiming to act as a broker Duties and re- 
sponsibilities. 

shall be required to name his principal during the ses- 
sion of the Association, at which the trade was made, or 
at the time the trade was made, if demanded ; or, failing 
to do so, shall thereafter be held responsible for such 
trade, at the option of the party with whom he shall 
have made the same, and shall also be held liable for the 
acceptance of such trade by his principal. / 

RULE XV. 

AlifKUAL MEETING. 

Section 1. The Association shall hold its Annual one week after 

. T14- T p annual election. 

Meeting on the second Monday after the second day 
of January. 

EULE XVI. 

SPECIAL ELECTIONS. 

Section 1. If from any cause an election of officers 
is not had at the regular Annual Election, or in case of 
the death, resignation or removal of the President, either 
of the Vice-Presidents, Directors, or members of either 
of the Committees of Arbitration or Appeals, it shall be 
in the power of the Association to fill such vacancies for 






XXXVlll 



BOARD OF TEADE, CHICAGO. 



the remainder of the ofl&cial term, at any regular or called 
Notice— how meetinsr thereafter : Provided, notice of said meeting: and 

published. ° ' ° 

election shall have been announced on 'Change and pub- 
lished in two of the Chicago daily newspapers for at 
least three days immediately preceding such meeting. 



EULE XVII. 

ANNUAL ASSESSMENT — WHEN DUE. 

When due. SECTION 1. When the Annual Assessment is made, it 

Delinquents shall be Considered due ; and any member neglecting or 

excluded from . ■ ^ ■ t • , \ -, 

the Exchange, refusmg to pay the same withm thirty (30) days there- 
after, may be excluded from the rooms of the Association 
Forfeiture of Until such asscssmeut is paid ; and all members failing 

membership for 

non-payment fco pay the assessmeuts during the whole of any fiscal year 
of the Association, shall be deemed to have relinquished 
their membership, and the same shall be forfeited, and 
such parties shall thereafter be readmitted only as new 
applicants. Payment of annual assessments by a mem- 
ber, while under suspension, shall not be construed as in 
any way aflfecting such suspension. 

RULE XVIII. 

APPROPEIATIONS. 

Limitations. SECTION 1. No appropriation of moucy or other prop- 

erty of the Association shall be made, except to defray 
its legitimate business expenditures or to promote the 
purposes of its organization. 



■^•A . J-^ ^iiai-iii 1. 



-■SS^^S^Jpii?^: ^"~/> ' ' • fr •*■ Sy:f^'-U~^-r^fS!^-\'i^7^''\^^iiyT^^ 



GENERAL EULES. XXXIX 



EULE XIX. 
lEREGULAR TRADING. 

Section 1. No time or option trade or contract in Trading 

prohibited 

grain shall be made by members of the Association except within 

'^ •' certain honre. 

before 9^ o'clock a.m., or after 3^ o'clock p.m., or 
on any Saturday after 1 o'clock P. m., nor on any day 
or part of a day on which the Association shall hold no 
business session: and any member who shall make any Fined for 

violation. 

trade or contract herein prohibited, shall be deemed to 
have violated the Eules of the Association, and shall 
therefor be summarily fined by the President in a sum 
not exceeding five dollars for each and every such of- 
fense, and shall be liable to such additional discipline as 
the Board of Directors may determine ; and any mem- May be 

BUBpended. 

ber neglecting or refusing to pay any such fine shall be 
suspended by the Board of Directors from all privileges 
of the Association during the time such fine shall re- 
main unpaid. 

EULE XX. 

smoking. 

Section 1. Smoking in the Exchange Eooms of the prohibited. 
Association shall be deemed discourteous and offensive 
conduct, and the same is hereby prohibited. 

EULE XXI. 

SEAL. 

Section 1. The Association shall have a Seal, bear- Description, 
ing a figure of Justice, with a ship in the distance, sur- 



xl 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO, 



rounded by the words, " Board of Trade of the City of 
Chicago." 

RULE XXII. 

QUORUM. 

One hundred Sectiox 1. One huudi'ed members of the Association 

members a 

quorum. shall Constitute a quorum, but a smaller number shall 

have power to adjourn. 



Protection to 
purchasers. 



Protection to 
fellers. 



Margins — 

where 

deposited. 



Excepted 
depositories. 



RULE XXIII. 

MARGINS ON TIME CONTRACTS. 

Section 1. On time contracts, purchasers shall have 
the right to require of sellers, as security, ten (10) per 
cent margins based upon the contract price of the prop- 
erty bought, and further security, from time to time, to 
the extent of any advance in the market value above 
said price. Sellers shall have the right to require as 
security from buyers ten (10) per cent margins on the 
contract price of the property sold, and in addition, any 
difference that may exist or occur between the estimated 
legitimate value of any such property and the price of 
sale. All securities or margins shall be deposited, either 
with the Treasurer of the Association or with some bank 
duly authorized by the Board of Directors to receive 
such deposits ; Provided, such deposit shall not be made 
with any bank or banks to which the party calling for 
the said security or margin shall expressly object, at the 
time of making such call ; but in such case the deposit 
shall be made with some duly authorized bank not thus 



...a.: 



■^^^:'J^:^-'W^^W^s^'. 



GEN'ERAL EULES. xli 



objected to, or with the Treasurer of the Association, as 
the depositor shall elect. 

Sec. 2. All banks which may be appointed to act as Bonds, 
depositories for securities or margins, shall execute and 
file with the Secretary of the Association, a good and suf- 
ficient bond, with sureties, to be approved by the Board 
of Directors, for the proper disposal of the said securi- 
ties or margins, in accordance with the provisions of the 
Eules, Regulations and By-Laws of the Association. 
Said banks shall issue certificates in duplicate, not certmcatea for 

deposits. 

transferable, for all such deposits. Said certificates shall 
state by whom the deposit was made, and for whose se- 
curity the same is held, that the deposit has been made 
under the Eules of the Board of Trade, and is payable 
upon the return of the certificate or its duplicate duly 
indorsed by the parties to the contract or contracts, or 
on the order of the President of the Board of Trade, as 
provided by Section 6 of this rule. Said certificate shall 
be in the following form, to wit : 

Original (or) Duplicate. Form for 

certificates. 
Not Negotiable or Transferable. 

Chicago, ; 18 . 

lias deposited with this Bank 

Dollars, as margin or security on a 

contract or contracts between the depositor and 

which amount is payable on the return of this certificate or its 
duplicate duly indorsed by both of the above named parties, or on 
the order of the President of the Board of Trade of the City of Chi- 
cago, indorsed on either the original or duplicate hereof, as pro- 



xlii 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



vided by the Rules of said Board of Trade, under which the above 
named deposit has been made. 



Cashier. 



Deposits to be 
held as security 
on all contracts 
between the 
parties. 

Exception. 



Mamns with 
the Treasurer. 



Notice of 
deposit of 
margins. 



Failure to 

deposit 

margins. 



All deposits so made shall be held to have been made as 
security for the faithful fulfillment of any contracts 
made or to be made between the parties during the time 
the deposit shall remain unpaid : Provided, it shall be 
competent for either party to a contract to demand that 
the certificate shall express the particular contract upon 
which the deposit shall have been made, and in such 
case the deposit shall be applicable only to the settle- 
ment of that contract. 

Sec. 3. The Treasurer of the Association shall, in like 
manner, and under like safeguards, receive deposits for 
securities or margins, and issue certificates for the same, 
payable as is provided by Section 2 of this rule. 

Sec. 4. The party depositing securities or margins 
shall, within one hour from the time such deposit shall 
be called, deposit with the Secretary of the Association, 
or with the party calling for such deposit, the duplicate 
certificate for the same, in due form, as provided for in 
Section 2 of this rule. 

Sec. 5. Should any party called upon, as herein pro- 
vided for, fail to deposit the security or margin called, 
within the next banking hour thereafter, the party mak- 
ing such call shall have the right, if he be the seller, to 
resell the property for account of the delinquent, such 
resale to be for the same delivery as was named in the 



;=,/.hi.:.Ji=^ 



*rr2^^V^^ * '^ y'* ^^^-"^ ^ '' ■y-*»s, *'-*"^*^-'^^"J.3g'^-*»^-"S^^ -15* J "^ *■ -i^JiK ^ 



GENERAL RULES. xliii 







original contract; if he be the buyer he shall have the 
right to repurchase the property for account of the de- 
linquent deliverable at the time named in the original 
purchase, in either case he shall at once communicate 
to the delinquent the action he has elected to take, and 
all losses or damages on such defaulted contract shall be closing of 

° contract in case 

at once due and payable, the same as though said con- ^epogiJ""^ *° 
tract had fully matured ; the party so calling may, how- ^^'^s^'^s. 
ever, elect to permit the contract to stand, in which case 
no notice to that effect shall be necessary to the delin- • ' 

quent: Provided, when the call is made during the gen- 
eral meeting of the Association, between 11 a. m. and 
1 p. M., the deposit shall be made before 2 o'clock of the 
same day. All notices for the call of margin, or of the Notices of caii, 

■^ ° or of the 

closing of contracts under this rule, mav be served on closing of 

° ' " contracts. 

the party called, either in person or by leaving a written 
notice at his place of business, or may be served in per- 
son upon his authorized representative, or upon any 
clerk representing the party on 'Change ; and in case 
the party called upon shall not be known to have a reg- 
ular place of business, a written notice left in the oflBce 
of the Secretary of the Board shall be deemed sufiBcieut. 

Sec. 6. Upon the fulfillment or settlement of any Release of 

margins on 

contract, deposits upon which have been made, and when settlement, 
the full adjustment of all differences relating, to the same 
shall have been effected, the deposits shall thereupon be 
payable to the party depositing the same ; and the joint 
indorsement of both parties upon the certificate shall be 
a suflBcient authority to the party holding the deposit to 
pay the same to the holder of the certificate ; or in case 



■ y-''i-s.>?/i^,»vy 



xliv BOARD OF TEADE, CHICAGO. 

Failure to of a failure between the contracting parties to adjust and 

adjust 

contracts. settle their respective claims upon the deposit within 

three (3) business days after the maturity of all contracts 

Disputes to be upou which the deposit is applicable, the matter in dis- 

submitted to a 

committee. putc shall, upon the application of either party to such 
contracts, be submitted to a Select Committee of three 
disinterested persons, members of the Association, to be 
appointed by the President, which Committee shall, 
without unnecessary delay, summon the parties before 
them, and hear such evidence, under oath, as either may 
wish to submit touching their claims to the deposit, and 
shall by a majority vote decide, and report to the Presi- 
dent of the Board, in writing, in what manner and to 
whom the deposit is payable, either wholly or in part ; 

President may whcreupou the President shall indorse on either the 

release. 

original or duplicate certificate an order for the payment 
of such deposit in accordance Avith the decision of said 
Committee, and such order shall be a sufficient warrant 
to the party holding the deposit to pay the same in 
Excessive accordance with such order. In case it should occur 

deposits — 

how released, that by reasou of changes in the market, or of delivery 
upon, or the settlement of a portion of the contracts 
upon which margins or securities that have been depos- 
ited are properly applicable under this rule, that a larger 
sum remains on deposit than is contemplated by Sec- 
tion 1 of this rule upon then existing, unadjusted con- 
tracts between the parties, and either party to such 
contract should refuse to release such excess of deposit, 
the President of the Board is authorized, upon a repre- 
sentation of the facts, and admission or proof that such 



;;■ ii^^-" «:._;■• ;\??S-L<Tr^™f:'i?i'rgXS ■ . - ■■ -i^':^.'Vir 



GENERAL RULES. xlv 



excess ought to be released, to order such release, and 
payment to be made to the party to whom it right- 
fully belongs, by the indorsement of an order to that 
effect on either the original or duplicate certificate or 
certificates issued for such deposits: Provided, in case ofvaiueof 

property 

such disagreement, no surrender of the deposit shall be defaulted 

° , on — how 

ordered until the Board of Directors shall have first *^^^''*'*'°^'^- 
estimated and determined the value of the property 
covered by any contract upon which the deposit has 
been made, and upon which a default has occurred, on 
the day of such default, in case either party shall request 
such decision ; nor shall any such surrender be ordered 
pending any arbitration touching the rights of the par- 
ties under the said contract or contracts, or in case the 
party refusing to adjust the dispute shall signify his 
willingness to submit the matter to arbitration. 

Sec. 7. In determining the value of propertv undervalue of 

property under 

these rules, its value in other markets, or for manufact-t'^ese rules— 

' ' how 

uring or consumptive purposes in this market, together determined. 

with such other facts as may justly enter into the deter- * 

mination of its value, shall be considered, irrespective of 

any fictitious price it may at the time be selling for in 

this market. Such value, for marginal purposes, in case vaiuee for 

marginal 

of disagreement, shall be determined by the Board of p°'t><'^®«- 
Directors, and communicated to the parties in interest 
through the President or Secretary. 



xlvi 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



EULE XXIV. 



REGULAR DELIVERIES. 



Tender of 

■warehouse 

receipts. 



Requirements 
for rea:ular 
warehouse 
receipts. 



Directors may 
prescribe other 
warehouse 
regulations. 



Posting 
■elevators and 
warehouses. 



Posting 
irregularities. 



Section 1. All deliveries upon grain contracts, un- 
less otherwise expressly provided, shall be made by ten- 
der of regular warehouse receipts, which receipts shall 
have been registered by an officer duly appointed for 
that purpose. All such warehouse receipts shall be 
made to run five days from date of delivery, on regular 
or customary storage charges ; which regular or custom- 
ary charges shall follow such warehouse receipts, and be 
chargeable upon the property covered by the same, and 
shall be issued by such houses as are in good credit, are 
conveniently approachable by vessels of ordinary draft, 
have customary shipping facilities, and are, in other 
respects, comformable to such requirements as may be 
prescribed by the Board of Directors. 

Sec. 2. The Board of Directors may prescribe all 
necessary regulations and requirements for warehousing 
all kinds of property (other than grain) deliverable by 
warehouse receipts. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the Board of Directors, 
under this rule, to publish annually^ or oftener, if neces- 
sary, by posting on the bulletin of the Exchange, the 
names of all elevators and other warehouses, conforming 
in all respects to prescribed requirements of the said 
Board, and to report immediately to the Association, by 
posting as above, any irregularity in the management of 
such elevators or warehouses, or any fact calculated to 
discredit or impair the value of warehouse receipts of 



GENERAL RULES. xlvii 



any such elevators or warehouses, as the same shall come 
to their knowledge. 

Sec. 4. All warehouse receipts for property tendered Proper tenders, 
or delivered on contracts, shall be for quantities or par- 
cels, in the aggregate, as sold, accompanied by a mem- 
orandum of the property delivered, with the price of the 
same, together with the amount due therefor. Provided, 
on all time contracts for five thousand (5,000) bushels Of Grain. 
of Grain, or any multiple thereof, deliveries shall be 
made in lots of five thousand (5,000) bushels; and on 
all time contracts for Mess Pork for two hundred and of Mess Pork, 
fifty (250) barrels or any multiple thereof, deliveries 
shall be made in lots of two hundred and fifty (250) 
barrels; a variation, however, of one per cent in the 
quantity of grain delivered and that contracted for shall 
not vitiate a tender or delivery. Any excess or deficit 
within the above limits shall be settled for at the cur- 
rent market. 

KULE XXV. 

RIGHTS OF PARTIES ON GRAIN CONTRACTS. 

Section 1. On time contracts, made between mem- contracts— 
bers of the Association, where property is bought at as to time. 
buyer'' s option, the time of delivery shall be as follows : 
When the call is made by the buyer before twelve o'clock 
M., the property shall be due and deliverable before 
half-past two o'clock p. m., same day. When the call is when 

deli V62*&b 1 c 

made after twelve o'clock m., the property shall be due 
and deliverable before three o'clock, same day, or before 
eleven o'clock a. m., next day. Or the buyer may 



'xW-uuv^ 



xlviii 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



When no call 
shall be made. 



Contracts- 
Seller's 
option as 
to time. 



SuflSciency of a 
tender. 



specify any particular future day, during the term of the 
option, upon which the property shall be due and de- 
liverable, and the property shall be due before eleven 
o'clock on the day designated ; Provided, no call shall 
be made before the beginning of the option ; and if no 
call is made, the property shall be deliverable before 
three o'clock p. m., on the day of maturity of contract. 

Sec. 2. On contracts for grain at seller's option, the 
seller may deliver the property on any day during the 
life of the option, between the hours of nine a. m. and 
half-past two p. m. - 

Sec. 3. On contracts for property for future delivery, 
the tender of a higher grade of the same kind of grain 
than the one contracted for shall be deemed sufficient; 
Provided, the higher grade of grain tendered shall not 
be of a color or quality that will depreciate the value of 
the other, if mixed. 

Sec. 4. When a contract shall mature on Sunday, or 
on a legal holiday, delivery on such contract shall be 
made on the preceding business day. No property shall 
be tendered on any day upon which the Association 
shall hold no business session. 

Sec. 5. On contracts for grain sold in store, without 
special agreement as to delivery, the property shall be 
deliverable before half-past two o'clock p. m. of the day 
of sale, or before eleven o'clock a. m. of the next busi- 
ness day. In case a purchase is specified as for cash, it 
shall, if purchased before two p. m., be deliverable before 
half-past two o'clock, same day ; if purchased after two 
p. M., it shall be deliverable before eleven a. m., of the 



Tenders— when 
not good. 



Delivery of 
grain sold in 
store. 



Delivery of 
cash grain. 



■m 



GENEEAL RULES. xlix 



next business day. No property shall be tendered be- 
tween the hours of eleven a. m. and one p. m., except 
by special agreement. In case of the tender of property Tenders during 

absence of 

during the temporary absence of the purchaser from his ^^yer. 
place of business, notice of such tender shall be left at 
his office, and he shall have the right to call for the 
same and pay for it within one hour thereafter. 

Sec. 6. In case sales are made for future delivery by car load to be 
car loads, a car load shall be deemed to contain twenty 
thousand (20,000) pounds. 



RULE XXVI. 

FAILURE TO DELIVER OR RECEIVE OX COJJfTRACTS. 

SECTioif 1. In case any property contracted for future Rights of 

vendors msv 

delivery, is not delivered at maturity of contract, the be forfeited. 

purchaser may, at his option, consider the contract foi'- 

feited ; or he may purchase the property on the market May purchase 

property on the 

for account of the seller, by one o'clock of the next™arket. 

business day, notifying him at once of such purchase; 

or he may require a settlement with the seller at the May require 

settlement at 

average market price on the day of maturity of con- market, 
tract. 

Sec. 2. In case any property contracted for future Rights of 

vendors 

delivery is not received and paid for when properly 



receive. 



tendered, it shall be the duty of the seller, in order to Failure to 
establish any claim on the purchaser, to sell it on the 
market at any time during the next twenty-four hours, 
at his discretion, after such default shall have been made, 
notifying the purchaser within one hour of such sale. 



'■ f. 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Unreasonable 
claims based 
on fictitious 
markets not 
allowed. 



and any loss resulting to the seller shall be paid by the 
party in default. 

Sec. 3. Sections 1 and 2 of this rule shall not be con- 
strued as authorizing unjust or unreasonable claims, 
based upon manipulated or fictitious markets; and in 
case of any disagreement arising from any action taken 
under this rule, the expressed willingness of either party 
to the controversy, to submit the pending question of 
difference to arbitration, under the Eules, Kegulations 
and By-Laws of the Association, shall be accepted and 
construed by the Board of Directors, as evidence, on the 
part of such member, of his readiness to equitably adjust 
and settle his said disputed obligation, and he shall not 
therefor be subject to discipline for such matter, pend- 
ing such proffered arbitration, if he shall abide by the 
same in good faith, and in case of an award, shall 
promptly perform such award. 

KULE XXVII. 



Committee. 



Duties. 



Quorum. 



Fee. 



DISTILLED SPIRITS. 

Section 1. At the first meeting of the Board of 
Directors after their election, the President shall, subject 
to the approval of the Board, appoint as a Committee on 
Distilled Spirits, three members of the Association 
who are engaged in the Distilled Spirits trade. It shall 
be the duty of this Committee to consider and decide all 
disputes arising between members dealing in Distilled 
Spirits which may be submitted to them. Two of the 
Committee shall constitute a quorum, and a decision of 
any two of their number shall be final. A fee of nine 



i-¥SF<3='-* - ' - , -v.--r>w ys<^^ 



GENERAL RULES. 



dollars shall be paid to the Committee for every reference 
case submitted to them, the same to be paid by the party 
adjudged to be at fault, unless otherwise ordered by the 
Committee. Provided, nothing herein shall prevent set- 
tlement of questions of difference by private arbitration. 

Sec. 2. All inspecting shall be performed by Inspectors inspectore. 
regularly appointed by the Board of Directors, and the 
returns of such Inspectors shall be made in exact accord- 
ance with the instruments prescribed by the Commis- 
sioner of Internal Eevenue for all U. S. gangers. 

Sec. 3. Inspectors shall make a detailed return (in Returns of 

inspectors. 

duplicate) of each lot inspected, showing the serial num- 
ber of each barrel, the serial number of each stamp affixed 
thereto, the gauge, wantage, proof, and number of proof 
gallons. In case of measurement on account of com- 
plaint, he shall make a certificate, in duplicate, showing 
the serial numbers of the barrels measured, and the re- 
sult of such measurement. He shall also note on his 
certificate any imperfection in the quality of the goods 
or cooperage. 

Sec. 4. The buyer shall have the right to designate the Fee of 

1 1111 I'lii • /v inspector — 

Inspector, who shall be entitled to receive ten (10) cents how paid, 
per barrel for inspection, to be paid by the seller. The 
seller may add one-half inspection to the invoice, and 
the same shall be reimbursed by the buyer. 

Sec. 5. All complaints relative to inspection must be complaints of 
made in writing, and addressed to the Inspector who 
inspected the goods, and he shall immediately notify the 
other party or parties in interest. 

Sec. 6. Complaints concerning inspection must be made. 



lii BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



made witlnn forty-eight hours after the delivery of the 
goods. 

Error in gauge. Sec. 7. Ko claim made for error in gauge shall be 
allowed, unless all the barrels in the lot in question be 
submitted, and have not received any driving or other 
cooperage subsequent to the inspection complained of. 

Complaints. Sec. 8. In casc of a complaint based upon an alleged 

error in gauge, the Inspector who made the original 
inspection shall immediately measure the lot in question 

Average gauge in Conformity with the following, viz. : The average gauge 

lot. 

of a lot of twenty-five (25) barrels or more, shall be esti- 
mated by the actual measurement, with a sealed measure, 
or by actual weight, of not less than one barrel in five 
of the lot, and the serial numbers of the barrels so 
measured shall, Avhen the lot sold runs serially, be in 

^ direct rotation. In lots of less than twenty-five barrels, 

either buyer or seller may insist upon the measurement 
or weight of the whole lot, or of any portion thereof. 

Fees for greater than one barrel in five. If the complaint be 

ascertained to be not well founded, the inspector shall 
be entitled to receive twenty-five (25) cents per barrel 
on the lot so measured, to be paid by the complainant. 
Should the error have arisen from the false shape or 
construction of the barrel, he shall be entitled to receive 
twenty-five (25) cents per barrel on the lot, to be paid 
by the seller. Should the fault have been his own, 
through the error of his instruments or otherwise, he 
shall not be entitled to receive any compensation for 

Limitation of sucli measurement: Provided^ no claim on account of 

claim. 

barrel measurement shall be considered adjustable un- 



GENERAL RULES. Hil 



less made within forty-eight hours after delivery, at the 
place designated by the buyer at the time of purchase. 

Sec. 9. Upon the receipt of an amended Inspector's Amended 

^ ^ ^ return. 

return, or a certificate showing amendment, the seller 
shall alter his bill in accordance with said amendment, 
which bill, so altered, shall be paid by the buyer. 

Sec. 10. High wine barrels must be new (riot refilled) New barrels, 
and made of well-seasoned timber of the kind usually 
employed in the manufacture of whisky barrels. They Dimensions, 
must be sound, in good cartage order, and bound with 
not less than six (6) iron hoops, and must gauge from 
forty to forty-six wine gallons, and a barrel of high- 
wines, in all settlements, shall be considered as sixty 
proof gallons. 

EULE XXVIII. 

PROVISIONS. 

Section 1. The Board of Directors shall appoint five inspection 
members of the Association as a Committee on Provision 
Inspection, who shall have and exercise a general con- 
trol over the inspection of provisions, and shall act as 
referees in case of complaint against the inspectors, or 
the inspection of any lot of provisions, or any matter of 
difference pertaining to the same. 

Sec. 2. The Board of Directors shall also appoint five inspectors, 
or more Inspectors of Provisions who shall have power 
to appoint competent assistants ; such assistants, in all 
cases, to be approved by the Committee on Provision 
Inspection. 






liv 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Compensation 
of inspectors. 



Complaints 

against 

inspectors. 



Fees of 
Committee. 



Sec. 3. The Inspectors of Provisions shall furnish the 
necessary labor and materials for inspecting, receiving 
as compensation the fees arising from the same. They 
shall keep a record, in detail, of every examination they 
may make, that they may be qualified to testify, posi- 
tively, at any time, as to the fac^s in regard to the same. 

Sec. 4. Parties complaining of any Inspector, or the 
inspection of any lot of provisions, shall have the right 
to appeal to the Inspection Committee, and the decision 
of said Committee shall be final. All appeals from in- 
spection must be adjusted before the property leaves the 
city, packing point or place of delivery. 

Sec. 5. The Committee shall be allowed three dollars 
each for every case decided by them, to be paid by the 
party at fault. 



RULE XXIX. 



sale of provisions. 



Provisions 
to be standard 
nnless 
otherwise 
agreed. 



Requirements 
for standard. 



Section 1. All provisions sold in this market, in the 
absence of special agreement, shall be deemed Standard, 
and the property delivered must comply with the re- 
quirements of the Regulations of Inspection established 
by the Association. And all provisions sent to this 
market for sale, which, upon examination, shall be found 
to have been manufactured, handled or packed, in all 
respects and to all appearances, in conformity with those 
rules, shall be classed as Standard. 

Sec. 2. All provisions sold as Standard, shall be cut, 
selected and packed, in all respects, as to quality and 



■t*5L-i-~'C,^* ^-^-'T ■*"' '•■ "". - '•■■-. vv:-7,-'=.. :-^^r'^:p:^x^'^^^:^=\'-^^ ;u •- •-'•^. ■ . -3'S^j^'"-'ii- 



GENERAL EULES. Iv 



condition, conformably to the classification of inspec- 
tion as adopted by the Association, and, unless otherwise 
stipulated, on all sales made of any of the grades of pro- 
visions as Standard, the seller shall deliver the parcels 
of the kind and quality called for by such sale, which 
any duly appointed Inspector of the Association has 
examined, and has certified to have been packed accord- 
ing to the classification, and is at the time of delivery in 
good merchantable condition in every respect ; or, fail- Settlements, 
ing to so deliver, he shall be bound to settle his contract 
under the provisions of Eule XXVI of the Association. 

Sec. 3. Lard, hams or shoulders may be packed in How packed, 
tierces, either wood or iron bound, or bound partly with 
both. Provisions from which any gain has been re- 
moved, shall not afterwards be classed as Standard. 

Sec. 4. Hog products packed between November 1 standard 

° ^ ^ product— 

and March 1 shall alone be classed as Standard, and ^^^^ p**'*^^'^ 
all deliveries of hog products, on and after January 1, 
as Standard, shall include only such as have been 
packed on or after the first day of the previous 
November, in new and standard cooperage. Provided, summer 
that all hog products cut and packed on and after after 1 877. 
November 1, 1877, in accordance with the requirements 
of the Eules of Inspection adopted by the Board of 
Trade, shall be deemed Standard, and shall be deliver- 
able on regular contracts between members of the Asso- 
ciation ; but in the case of Mess Pork, packed between summer 
March 1 and November 1, two hundred (200) pounds of pork, 
green meat shall be packed into each barrel. 

Sec. 5. No original weight shall be taken out of any original weight. 



Ivi BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



package of provisions which is afterwards to be offered 
for sale by the package, without removing the original 
packer's brand entirely from the head of the package, 
unless the property be repacked and so branded by the 
party repacking. 

Buyer's option Sec. 6. Buyers of provisions on contracts, at buyer's 
option, shall have the right to inspect the same before 
the day of delivery, provided they send an inspector in 
time to allow the inspection to be completed before the 
proposed delivery ; but, failing to do so, the seller shall 
have the privilege of having the property inspected, the 
cost to be paid by the buyer. 

Seller's option Sec. 7. On salcs of provisious at seller's option, the 

— deliveries. 

seller shall have the privilege of delivering, at any time 
during the life of the contract, without previous notice 
to the purchaser, by the tender of a regular warehouse 
receipt, together with a certificate of inspection, by an 
Inspector of the Association (such inspection having 
been made within the last three days) ; such a delivery 
shall be held to be regular, and the buyer shall receive 
and pay for the same, together with the fees for inspec- 
irreguiar tion. If, however, witliiu the next forty-eight (48) hours 

deliveries. 

the buyer shall produce the certificate of the Committee 
on Provision Inspection, that the property so delivered is 
not Standard, the seller shall immediately receive the 
property back, paying all accrued expenses, and substi- 
tute other property that is Standard; Provided, that 
the evidence of the Committee on Provision Inspection, 
as herein referred to, shall be furnished during the next 
forty-eight (48) hours, or as soon as said Committee can 



K??3^'S'T* a3ft?3V'T,^*"x >^"•: .\-'' • v-^- / ■;■-'" ?^"'-^?f.. ;^'. ; v/ p..-; - .V -:•''■ *^*3S«^Sw".\i.-:::?'rs>^/'^*"i;. 



GENERAL RULES. Ivii 



report, they having been called for such examination 
during the next twenty -four (24) hours. A regular Regular 

warehouse. 

warehouse shall be deemed only such as can be reached 
by railroad cars, or such as will deliver free to any rail- 
road cars, and shall in other respects conform to all such 
requirements as may be prescribed by the Board of 
Directors. On sales at buyer's option, if the buyer calls Buyer's option, 
before the expiration of contract, the seller, if he so 
elect, shall, in the case of pickled meats, have twenty- 
four hours to prepare the property for delivery, and on 
bulk or boxed meats, four working days. 

Sec. 8. On sales of bareled meats, or lard, if more than two or more 

brands — fees. 

one brand is tendered, the purchaser shall be required to 
pay such inspection fees only as would be proper were it 
all of one brand. 

Sec. 9. On sales of provisions as Standard, or of a standard or 

special brands. 

particular packer's brand, in case the property does not 
pass inspection, the buyer shall elect either to take the 
lot named at contract price, after being regularly inspected 
at cost of seller, or to require that some standard lot be 
substituted, but the buyer shall receive the one or the 
other, if tendered within a reasonable time. 

Sec. 10. In sales of fully cured meats, or to be fully cured meats— 

deliveries. 

cured and delivered at any specified time, the seller must 
deliver in good faith according to contract, the Inspector 
to be the judge, who shall always be informed of the 
conditions of the contract before proceeding to inspect. 
Where sales of dry salted meats are made without other Dry salt meats, 
specifications, it shall be considered that the sale contem- 
plates meats fully cured, the Inspector to be the judge. 



Iviii 



BOARD OF TEADE, CHICAGO. 



luferior to 
sample. 



property. 



PYozen joints. 



Balk meats 
saltage. 



Sec. 11. In sales of provisions, when an article is sub- 
stituted or delivered inferior in quality to the sample 
exhibited, or which had been passed upon by the In- 
spector as Standard, the seller shall be responsible for 
any damage resulting from such exchange or substitu- 
Examination tiou. All examinations or inspections are to be made 

and care of ' 

within a reasonable time, and proper care of the property 
is to be taken by the owner or his agent. 

Sec. 12. Joints cut from hogs that have been frozen 
shall not be classed as Standard. 

Sec. 13. In case of no specific agreement, the saltage 
allowed on bulk meats shall be one per cent; but should 
the buyer or seller object, the Inspector shall sweep as 
many drafts as he may consider necessary, and the per- 
centage so determined shall be binding on both parties. 
But from June 1 to November 1 the tare shall be 
ascertained by washing in cold water with a cloth, in 
case of no specific agreement to the contrary. One per 
cent for drainage shall be allowed on pickled meats. 

Sec. 14. To determine the tare of lard, the package 
shall first be weighed gross, the lard then removed, and 
the empty package subjected to dry heat and drained, 
the empty package to be then weighed and its weight 
deducted from the gross weight. The difference so ob- 
tained shall be considered the net weight of the lard. 

Sec. 15. In case lard in tierces be delivered of a 

weight more or less than 3^0 lbs. net per tierce, the 

shortage or excess shall be settled for at the current 

market price, but the full number of packages con- 

Settiementc. tracted for shall be delivered. In the settlement of con- 



Tare of lard. 



Weight of lard 
in tierces. 



., 1. 



GENERAL RULES. lix 



tracts for lard, 320 lbs. net shall be taken as the average 
weight of a tierce. 

Sec. 16. Provisions, if desired by the purchaser, must Deliveries by 

car or team. 

be delivered at cars or on teams, from packing house or 
store, free of charge. All deliveries of provisions in 
store shall be free of storage to the buyer for five (5) 
days, or, if in packing houses, for three (3) days from the 
time the seller signifies his readiness to deliver, and any 
extra expenses attending the examination of provisions 
are to be paid by the party ordering the same. 

Sec. 17. The standard net weight of meats packed in standard net 

weight of meats 

boxes shall be between 400 and 485 pounds for each box, in boxes, 
and in all settlements or deliveries of boxed meats an 
average of 450 pounds net per box shall be made the 
basis for settlement, and the excess or shortage from 
said average shall be settled at the market value of the 
property delivered at the time of its delivery. But in 
case of delivery the full number of packages contracted 
for must be delivered. 

Sec. 18. Long clear sides shall not average less than weight of 

sides. 

forty-five (45) pounds ; short clear sides shall not aver- 
age less than forty (40) pounds; and short rib sides shall 
not average less than thirty (30) pounds, and dry salted shoulders, 
shoulders shall not average less than twelve (12) pounds, 
to be standard and regular on delivery, either loose or 
boxed. 

Sec. 19. On an examination by an Inspector of Dry Limit on 

rejected meat 

Salted meats, in bulk or for boxing, if over twenty (20) to be regular. 
per cent turns out rejected, he shall not be required to 
take the lot in that condition. 



Ix 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Unsound hams 
or shonlderp. 



Sec. 20. A delivery of sweet pickled hams or shoul- 
ders shall be considered regular if they average not over 
two (2) pieces unsound per tierce, and a deduction of 
twenty-five (25) per cent on the price shall be made on 
the unsound. 



KULE XXX. 



Packages to be 
stripped. 



TARES. 



Section 1. In the sale of any property in packages, 
involving the question of tare, the actual weight of pack- 
ages (to be ascertained by stripping, at the time of deliv- 
ery) shall be deducted from the gross weight. 



Repeal. 

Pending 
complaints 
and defaults. 



EULE XXXI. 

Section 1. All former Eules, By-Laws and Regula- 
tions of the Association are hereby repealed : Provided, 
pending complaints and complaints based on transac- 
tions or defaults which have occurred prior to the adop- 
tion hereof, shall be governed by the rules heretofore in 
force, except that it shall not be required that such com- 
plaints shall be heard or investigated by the Committee 
of Reference. 



:.A 



BY-LAWS. 



AETICLE I. 

At all general or stated meetings of the Association or stated meet- 

. ings ; order of 

Board of Directors, the following shall be the order of Proceedings, 
business : 

Call to order. 

Reading minutes of previous meeting (which may be 
dispensed with). 
Hearing reports. 
General business. 
Adjournment. 

ARTICLE II. 

At all special meetings of the Association or Board of Business 

of special 

Directors, only such special business shall be considered meetings. 
as was expressly embraced in the call for such meeting. 



ARTICLE III. 

When any member requires it, the mover of a propo- on debates, 
sition shall put the same in writing. No debate shall 
be permitted, except on a motion regularly made and 
seconded. A member, however, shall not be prevented 



Ixii 



BOARD OF TKADE, CHICAGO. 



from prefacing with explanatory remarks, any proposi- 
tion he may be about to make. 



Limitatious 
upon debate. 



ARTICLE IV. 

Every member who speaks shall rise and address the 
President, and no person shall speak more than twice 
on the same subject, except by way of explanation, if 
objection is made thereto, unless permitted to proceed 
by a majority of those present. 



Question of 
order. 



Appeals. 



ARTICLE V. 

The presiding officer shall be judge of all questions of 
order and proceedings, and when the rules of the Asso- 
ciation or of parliamentary order are infringed upon, he 
may call any member to order. A member may appeal 
to the Association on any question of parliamentary pro- 
ceeding, not provided for by the Rules or By-Laws of the 
Association, or by a special order, and, if seconded on 
such appeal, a majority of the members present shall 
decide the question at issue. 



Interruptions 
and privileged 
qnestions. 



ARTICLE VI. 

No business before any meeting of the Association 
shall be interrupted, except by motion for the previous 
question, to lay upon the table, to postpone, or to ad- 
journ, and such motion shall preclude amendment or 
decision of the original subject, until such motion shall 
be disposed of. 



i^si5-'«r-^8^^i-iB^ »-'iJt-iri~'-'^ ip . "5*^ 



BY-LAWS. Ixiii 



ARTICLE VII. 

A member may call for the division of a question Division of the 

question. 

when the sense will admit of it. A motion to lay upon what motions 

not debatable. 

the table, or to indefinitely postpone, shall not be debat- 
able, and a proposition, once acted upon, shall not be 
revived at the same meeting, except by a vote to recon- 
sider; and a motion to reconsider shall not be enter- Reconsidera- 
tion — when in 

tained, except at the same or the next meeting after the °^^^^- 
former action, and then only when made by a member 
absent or voting with the majority. 



ARTICLE VIIL 

No vote shall be taken on 'Change, other than one votes on 

'Change. 

relating to decease of a member, or on a question of ad- 
journment, except when notice has been given at least 
one day, or by unanimous consent. Upon demand of Reference to a 

special meeting. 

one-third of the members present, any question, except 
as herein named^ -shall be referred to a meeting of the 
Association at some time other than the usual hours of 
'Change. >■ 



ARTICLE IX. 

All questions of order or proceedings provided for by Application of 

rules of order. 

the Rules and By-Laws, shall be held to govern both 
the Association and the Board of Directors, so far as 
they may be applicable. 



Ixiv 



BOAKD OF TKADE, CHICAGO. 



ARTICLE X. 



Rules and 
By-Laws — 
how altered 
or amended. 



None of the foregoing Eules or By-Laws shall be 
rescinded or altered, nor shall any new Rules Regula- 
tions or By-Laws be adopted, < unless by an affirmative 
ballot vote of a majority of the members present (their 
number being not less than three hundred) at a regular 
or called meeting of the Association, and after notice 
of the proposed change shall have been conspicuously 
posted in the Exchange Room of the Association for at 
least ten (10) days immediately preceding. No proposi- 
tion to amend the Rules, Regulations or By-Laws, shall 
be acted upon by the Association, unless it has, pre- 
viously to being posted as above, been approved by a 
majority of the Board of Directors, at a regular meeting 
of the said Board, or has been proposed in writing by at 
least twenty-five (25) members, nor until such proposi- 
tion shall have been submitted to a regular or special 
meeting of the Association (not during the regular 
business hours on 'Change) for discussion, at least one 
day previous to final action thereon, at which meeting 
the proposition may be amended or modified in any way 
that is germane to its original intent: Provided, the 
Board of Directors may fix, alter or repeal any Regula- 
tions establishing grades or standards of inspection, as 
contemplated by Rule lY, Section 18. 



:._.., ..„1-: 






'^ ' 



REGULATIONS FOR THE INSPECTION 
OF PROVISIONS. . 



Eegulation" 1. For the examination of provisions Duty of 

inspectors. 

sold as Standard, it shall be the duty of any Inspector 
properly appointed by the Association, on receiving no- 
tice, to go to any packing house or warehouse in the 
city, to examine provisions, in such quantities as may ; 
be required, selecting the same in such a manner, from 
the lots specified, as, in his judgment, will give a fair 
sample of the whole. 

Reg. 2. If, upon examination, the property is found, certificates, 
in all respects, up to the requirements of the classifica- 
tion of the grades adopted by the Association, he shall 
issue a certificate to that effect, which certificate shall : 
state the number of packages, pieces or pounds exam- 
ined, and also the number of packages, pieces or pounds 
in the lot to which the examination is intended to apply, 
and that the packages (if any) are in good merchantable 
order and condition. In the case of Lard, no certificate 
for inspection shall be issued unless every package is ex- 
amined; but, on request of the owner or person order- 
ing the inspection, the Inspector may examine a part of 
a lot, and issue a certificate of such examination, stating 
the number of packages examined, and also the whole 
number of packages in the lot. 






Ixvi 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Removal of, 
provieiont:. 



Fces 



Repacked 
provisions. 



Keg. 3. When necessary to remove property for the 
convenience of examination, it shall be the duty of the 
Inspector to send for the same, that a fair sample may 
be obtained. In no case should a certificate be granted 
on samples delivered by the seller. 

Keg. 4. The fees for inspection shall be : For all 
Pickled Meats (including repacking and coopering), 
one dollar per package for first five packages. For Bulk 
or Boxed Meats, twenty-five cents per one thousand 
pounds. For Lard, five cents per package. For strip- 
ping Lard, one dollar per package. All inspection fees 
to be paid by the buyer unless the property is rejected ; 
then to be paid by the seller. 

Reg. 5. It shall be the duty of the Inspector, when 
requested by the owner, either at any packing house, 
warehouse, or in yards provided by the Inspector, to 
overhaul and inspect provisions, according to the quali- 
fications and classifications authorized; two hundred 
pounds of meat, with abundance of good salt, to be re- 
packed into each barrel, and cooperage to be put in good 
order; each barrel of Provisions that is sound, sweet and 
free from any and every defect, to have grade and date of 
inspection branded thereon, and the word " Repacked," as 
hereinafter specified ; and any portion that is defective 
to be branded, in like manner. Rusty, Sour, or Tainted, 
as the case may be ; the said brand to be placed with 
the Inspector's brand across the regular packer's brand ; 
such provisions, according to the grade or quality, to be 
classed as " Repacked 200 lbs." 



■-;:..trX*r;/^j;A - 



-a,-±iit 



ii^sPECTiON OF PEOVisiOKS. Ixvii 

Keg. 6. The Inspectors shall use metallic letters and Branding ' 

implements. 

figures, marking iron or stencil for their dates and class 
of inspection. 

Keg. 7. It shall also be the duty of the Inspector to Branding, 
put his metallic brand, marking iron, or stencil on all 
samples of Provisions in tierces or barrels that he inspects ; 
and he shall pass no Hog products in tierces or barrels as 
Standard, unless the real packer's name, location, num- 
ber of pieces, date and weight of the products contained 
therein are branded according to these rules, on the head - 
of every package. 

Reg. 8. Should the Inspector be called upon to inspect PicWcd meats. 
Pickled meats, and upon examination, he should be of 
the opinion that the number of pounds required by these 
rules had not been originally packed, he 'shall not pass 
them as Standard, but shall refer the matter at once to 
the Committee on Provision Inspection, who shall inves- ■ 
tigate, and if a satisfactory explanation can be given or 
arrived at, they shall instruct the Inspector to proceed 
and inspect and pass them; but if not satisfactory to 
the Committee, they shall, in their judgment, make the • '^ 

fact known to the Association in any way they may 
think most proper. 

Reg. 9. Contents of each package of Pickled Meats uniformity of 

contentF. 

must show a reasonable uniformity in weight, according 
to its class. 

Reg. 10. It shall be the further duty of the Inspectors, visitation of 

packinghouses. 

during the packing season, to visit frequently the different 
packing houses to see that Provisions are properly dated 
and branded at time of being packed. 



s.-^A.i'.MsAit^ 



V-' ;.••-;...- 



Ixviii BOAED OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 

Cut of sides may Reg. 11. Dry Salted Rough Sides may be made into 

be ctifln^ed. 

Short Rib or Short Clear Sides, and Dry Salted Short 
Rib Sides may be made into Short Clear Sides, if, in all 
other respects, they are up to the requirements, and shall 
be classed as Standard. 
Technicalities. Reg. 13. All the foregoing Regulations must be justly 
and liberally construed, and no property shall be rejected 
or condemned on mere technicalities. 



EEQUIREMENTS AS TO CUT ATO PACKIM 
OF HOG PEODUCTS. 



BAEEELED POEK. 

MESS PORK. 

Standard Mess Pork should be made from sides of standard. 
well-fatLed Hogs, split through or on one side of the 
backbone, and equal proportions on both sides, cut into 
strips of reasonably uniform width, properly flanked and 
not backstrapped. 

One hundred and ninety (190) pounds of Green Meat, 190 pounds 

green meat. 

and between March t and November 1 two hundred (200) 
pounds, numbering not over sixteen (16) pieces, including Proportion, 
the regular proportion of flank and shoulder cuts, placed 
four layers on edge, without excessive crowding or bruis- 
ing, shall be packed in each barrel, with not less than 
thirty (30) pounds of coarse salt, and barrel filled with 
brine of full strength, or thirty (30) pounds of coarse Brine, 
salt, and in addition thereto, fifteen (15) pounds of salt, 
and barrel filled with cold water. 

PEIME MESS POEK, 

Prime Mess Pork should be made from the Shoulders size of hogs— 

Style of cut. 

and Sides of Hogs weighing from one hundred (100) to 
one hundred and seventy-five (175) pounds, net, to be 
cut as near as practicable into square pieces of four (4) 



Ixx 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



pounds each ; the shank of the Shoulder to be cut off 
close to the breast. 

One hundred and ninety (190) pounds of Green Meat 
in the proportion of twenty (20) pieces of Shoulder cuts 
to thirty (30) pieces of Side cuts, shall be properly 
packed in each barrel, with not less than twenty (20) 
pounds of coarse salt, and barrel filled with brine of full 
strength ; or, twenty (20) pounds of coarse salt, and in 
addition thereto, fifteen (15) pounds of salt, and barrel 
filled with water. There shall also be put into each bar- 
rel twelve (12) ounces of saltpetre. 



Weight. 

Proportion 
of pieces. 



Brine. 



EXTRA PRIME PORK. 

Make and cut. Extra Prime Pork should be made from heavy un- 
trimmed Shoulders, cut into three (3) pieces; the leg 
to be cut off close to the breast, and in all other respects 
to be cut, selected and packed as Mess Pork. 

LIGHT MESS PORK. 

Requirements. Light Mess Pork should be made from Sides of rea- 
sonably well-fat ted Hogs; and in all other respects to 
be cut, selected and packed same as Mess Pork, except 
that as many as twenty-two (22) pieces may be put into 
each barrel. 

BACK PORK. 

Requirements. Back Pork should be made from backs of Hogs after 
bellies have been taken off, cut into pieces of about six 
(6) pounds each, and in all other respects to be cut, 
selected and packed in the same manner as Mess Pork. 



L-?^J*iafi 



:■.:■^^'? . -K:f' 



EEQUIREMENTS AS TO CUT AND PACKING. IxXl 



EXTEA SHOULDER PORK. 

Extra Shoulder Pork should be made from heavy Rcquivemejits. 
trimmed Shoulders, cut into three (3) pieces; the leg to 
be cut off close to the breast, and in all other respects 
to be cut, selected and packed in the same manner as 
Mess Pork. 

EXTRA CLEAR PORK. 

Extra Clear Pork should be made from the Sides of Requiremeuu 
extra heavy, well-fatted Hogs, the backbone and ribs 
to be taken out, the number of pieces in each barrel 
not to exceed fourteen (14), and in all other respects . 
to be cut, selected and packed in the same manner as 
Mess Pork. 

CLEAR PORK. 

Clear Pork should be made from the Sides of extra Requirements, 
heavy, well-fatted Hogs, the backbone and half- the rib 
next the backbone to- be taken out, the number of pieces 
in each barrel not to exceed fourteen (14), and in all 
other respects to be cut, selected and packed in the 
same manner as Mess Pork. 

CLEAR BACK PORK. 

Clear Back Pork should be made from the backs of Requirement?, 
heavy, well-fatted Hogs, after bellies have been taken 
off and backbone and ribs taken out, cut into pieces of 
about six (6) pounds each, and in all other respects to 
be packed in the same manner as Mess Pork. 



^%F;rwairi4iwl™£JlJthJl^: ::;" c^'**;ii-;.!sL^L.^J;-^ 



Ixxii BOAKD OF TEADE, CHICAGO. 

EUMPS. 

Kequiiemciita. Eumps should be trimmed with only enough taken 
off to make them neat and smooth ; the tails to be cut 
off close, and in all other respects to be cut, selected 
and packed in the same manner as Mess Pork. 

PICKLED MEATS. 

STAISTDAED SWEET PICKLED HAMS. 

How cut. Standard Sweet Pickled Hams should be cut short 

and well rounded at the butt, properly faced, shank cut 
in or above the hock joint; to be reasonably uniform 

Weight. in size, and average, in lots, not to exceed sixteen (16) 

pounds. Three hundred (300) pounds, block weight, 
shall be packed in each tierce, with either twenty-four 
(24) pounds of salt, three (3) quarts of good syrup, 
twelve (12) ounces of saltpetre, and tierces filled with 

I'ickie. water ; or tierce filled with sweet pickle, made according 

to above standard. 

STANDARD SWEET PICKLED SHOULDERS. 

How cut. Standard Sweet Pickled Shoulders should be well cut 

and trimmed, reasonably uniform in size, and average, 

in lots, not to exceed sixteen (16) pounds. Three 

Weight. hundred (300) pounds, block weight, shall be packed in 

Pickle. each tierce. Pickle the same as used for Hams. 



KEQUIEEMENTS AS TO CUT AN"D PACKIIfG. Ixxiii 

NEW YORK SHOULDERS. 

New York Shoulders should be made from small, Requirements, 
smooth Hogs, shank cut off one inch above knee joint, 
trimmed close and smooth, reasonably uniform in size, 
and to average, in lots, not to exceed fourteen (14) 
pounds. Three hundred (300) pounds, block weight, weight and 

pickle. 

shall be packed in each tierce. Pickle the same as used 
for Hams. 

SWEET PICKLED BELLIES. 

Sweet Pickled Bellies should be made from nice Requiiemeuts. 
smooth Hogs, well cut and trimmed, to average, in lots, 
not to exceed fourteen (14) pounds. 

Three hundred (800) pounds, block weight, shall be Weight and 
packed in each tierce. Pickle the same as used for 
Hams. 

BRA]SrDIl*rG. 

The packer's name, location, number of pieces, and Requirements, 
date of packing, shall be branded on the head of each 
package of Pickled Meats at the time of packing. 

UIS'IFORMITY OF PICKLED MEATS. 

All Pickled Meats should be sized when packed — To be uniform, 
the light, medium and heavy separately, as nearly as 
practicable. 



;i!it^**a;;i-.^-i^'i^-'i"^r. -ife^ _.v";.-_T-^l:-.-- A.\!:j,'^J,~-s^!.'r/'-C.':'.'il^:±^i^^^ 



Ixxiv 



BOAKD OF TEADE, CHICAGO. 



CUT MEATS. 



HAMS. 



How cut. Hams should be cut short, well rounded at the butt, 

properly faced, cut in or above the hock joint. 



How cut and 
handled. 



Shoulder-hlade 
out. 



SHOULDEES. 

Shoulders should be cut as clq^e as possible to the 
back part of the forearm joint, butted off square on top ; 
neckbone and short ribs taken out, blood vein lifted and 
cut out, breast flap to be trimmed off, and foot to be cut 
off in or above the knee joint. 

BLADED SHOULDEES. 

Bladed Shoulders should be cut the same as Standard 
Shoulders, excepting the shoulder-blade to be taken out 
and the corners rounded. 



ROUGH SIDES. 

How made. Eough Sides should be made by splitting the Hog 

through or on one side of the backbone, and an equal 
proportion of both Sides must be delivered on sales to 
make them Standard. 

SHOET CLEAE SIDES. 

How made. To make Short Clear Sides, the backbone and ribs 

should be taken out, henchbone and breastbone sawed 
or cut down smooth, and even with the face of the Side ; 
feather of bladebone not to be taken out, and Sides not 
to be backstrapped or flanked. 



i.H»:i«^A;y" 



-?4&- 



KEQUIREMENTS AS TO CUT AND PACKING. IxXV 

SHOET RIB SIDES. 

To make Short Eib Sides, the backbone should be How made, 
taken out, henchbone and breastbone sawed or cut down 
smooth and even with the face of the Side ; feather of 
bladebone not to be taken out, and Sides not to be^ack- 
strapped or flanked. 

LONG CLEAR SIDES. 

To make Long Clear Sides, the backbone, shoulder How made, 
bones and Tibs must be taken out, leg cut off close to the 
brisket, henchbone and breastbone sawed or cut down 
smooth and even with the face of the Side, and Sides not 
to be backstrapped or flanked. 

CUMBERLAND SIDES. 

To make Cumberland Sides, the Side and Shoulder How made, 
should be left together in one piece, leg cut off below 
the knee joint; shoulder ribs, neckbone and backbone 
taken out; blood vein lifted and cut out; henchbone and 
breastbone sawed or cut down smooth and even with 
the face of the Side, and Sides not to be backstrapped or 
flanked. 

LONG RIB SIDES. 

Long Eib Sides should be made same asCumberlands, Howmade. 
except that the shoulder bones must be taken out, and 
leg cut off close to the brisket. 

STRETFORD SIDES. 

Stretford Sides should be made from Hogs weighing how made, 
about 140 to 160 pounds net; backbone and half of the 



: - ■^ ■ '.,-' ■.-;:■. - 



Ixxvi 



BOARD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



ribs taken out, bladebone taken out, knuckle left in, and 
foot cut ofi" close to the breast. 

V 

BIRMINGHAM SIDES. 

How made. Birmingham Sides should be made from Hogs weigh- 

ing about 170 pounds net; backbone, ribs and bladebone 
taken out, pocket piece cut out and pocket nicely 
rounded, knucklebone left in, and leg cut off close to 
the breast. 

^ t 

SOUTH STAFFORDSHIRE SIDES. 

How made. South Staffordshire Sides should be made the same as 

Birmingham, except loin taken; out full to top of shoul- 
der-blade, leaving only a thin strip of lean along the 
back; knuckle left in, and leg cut off close to the breast. 



How made. 



How made. 



YORKSHIRE SIDES. 

Yorkshire Sides should be made the same as Cumber- 
lands, with ribs out and leg cut off about two inches 
above the knee. 

IRISH CUT SIDES. 

Irish Cut Sides should be made the same as Long Clear, 
except top of the pocket cut off, knuckle-bone left in. 



How made. 



LONG HAMS. 



Long Hams should be cut from the Side by separat- 
ing with a knife the hipbone from the rump, properly 
rounded out, foot unjointed at first joint below the 
hock joint. 



EEQUIREMENTS AS TO CUT AND PACKING. Ixxvii 



SOUTH STAFFORDSHIRE HAMS. 

South Staffordshire Hams should be cut short, hip- How made, 
bone taken out at socket joint, hock unjointed at first 
joint below the hock joint. » 

UNIFORMITY OF BOXED MEATS. 

In packing Meats in boxes, the pieces should be Direction for 

packing. 

classified — the light, medium and heavy separately, 
as nearly as practicable, in packages made to suit the 
different sizes. 

LAKD. 

i CHOICE LARD. 

Choice Lard to be made from leaf and trimmings Requirements, 
only, either steam or kettle rendered, the manner of 
rendering to be branded on each tierce. 

PRIME STEAM LARD. 

Prime Steam Lard shall be Standard made from the Requirements. 
head, gut, leaf and trimmings, in the proportion in 
which the same came from the hog. 

PACKAGES. 

COOPERAGE. 

Cooperage shall be made of well-seasoned White or Materials. 
Burr Oak, free from objectionable sap. 

^ BARRELS. 

For barrebj-^taves should be five-eighths (f) of an Dimensions, 
inch thick, twenty-nine (29) or thirty (30) inches long ; 



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Ixxviii 



BOAKD OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Hoops 



heads eighteen (18) inches, one (1) inch thick in center, 
and three-eighths (f ) at bevel ; hoops hickory, or white 
oak, to be hooped not less than eleven-sixteenths (^). 



TIERCES. 

Dimensious. Tierces for Hams, Shoulders, Beef or Lard, should be 

thirty-two (32) inches long with a twenty-one (21) inch 
head, or thirty-three (33) inches long with a twenty and 
one-half (20|) inch head ; staves to be chamfered at the 
head. Quality of staves and hoops to be the same as for 
barrels ; staves (f ) of an inch thick ; heads same thick- 
Hoop^, ness as for barrels ; hooped eleven-sixteenths {{^). Iron- 
bound tierces for Lard, Hams or Shoulders, shall be 
classed as Standard if made in compliance with the 
requirements of this rule, as to heading and staves, and 
hooped with not less than four good hoops on each 
end. 

BOXES. 

How made and Boxes should be made of sound common boards, 

■secured. 

reasonably dry, one inch thick, dressed on one side, not 
over three strips to each end, side, bottom or top; to 
have good, strong, hardwood, whitewood or sap pine 
stays inside each corner; should be well nailed and 
strapped with birch, oak or hickory straps around each 
end, to lap three inches on the cover. Boxes should be 
nailed together with tenpenny nails, and the stays 
nailed in with eightpenny nails. 



REGULATIONS FOR THE INSPECTIOS 
OF FLOOR. 



Eegulation" 1. SOUND. — To be strictly sound, free soand. 
from .any or every defect or fault causing either smell 
or taste. 

Reg. 2. WEEDY.— Flour made from wheat that has weedy, 
come in contact with a noxious weed, imparting an un- 
pleasant smell, which it is supposed will cook out. 

Reg. 3. UNSOUND.— All Flour not Sound or Weedy, unsound, 
whether the unsoundness is derived from the condition 
of the wheat or has originated in the Flour. The In- 
spectors are required to note on their certificate the 
character of the unsoundness, such as musty, hard sour, 
soft sour, or slightly unsound; the latter explanation 
of the unsoundness being intended to indicate that the 
Flour will probably work sound for immediate use, and 
is but slightly depreciated in value. 

Reg. 4. All Flour that inspects sound and full weight inspection and 

. Branding. 

shall be branded, and none other ; except when part of 
a lot proves so far below sample as to be clearly differ- 
ent, the Inspectors may omit branding the barrels that 
are below, and it shall be their duty, when working to a 
sample, to state on their certificate the number of bar- 
rels above or below the sample, and have a sample or 
-samples of the same, which the parties may examine; 



Ixxx 



IXSPECTION OF FLOUK. 



Certificates. 



Weights. 



Inspectors' 
liabilities. 



Grades — 
"extra" and 
"superfine." 



Standard 
samples. 



also, to state on their certificates, when the Flour is Un- 
sound or Weedy, the number of barrels of each descrip- 
tion, and also, when practicable, the number of barrels 
that are so stained or out of condition, as to depreciate 
the market value of the Flour. "When Flour has been 
overhauled and cleaned on account of being wet, the In- 
spectors shall note on their certificate, wet and cleaned, 
either by Inspector or by owner, as the case may be. 
The Inspectors shall satisfy themselves in regard to 
weights, and in case they deem it necessary to strip 
some of the Flour, they shall be entitled to twenty-five 
(25) cents for each barrel so stripped (if it proves to be 
short weight), in addition to the regular fee of two cents 
per barrel for inspecting and branding. The charge for 
stripping -shall be paid by the seller. No certificate 
shall be issued for a part of a lot of Flour inspected, 
without the consent of both the buyer and seller. The 
Inspectors shall only be liable to damage for any dis- 
crepancy between the Flour for which a certificate is 
issued, and the sample which they retain of the Flour 
so inspected, unless the buyer hands them the sample to 
inspect by, or the standard sample is used. 

Eeg. 5. The Directors shall establish grades of Extra 
and Superfine, with a proper standard for each grade;' 
samples of these standards shall be furnished to the 
Flour Inspectors, and also to the Secretary of the Asso- 
ciation. It shall be the duty of the Inspector to furnish 
monthly (or oftener, if directed) to the Flour Inspection 
Committee, for the use of the Secretary of the Board, 
the standard samples that they are working to. 



U-* 



INSPECTION OF FLOUR. IXXXl 

Keg. 6. Whenever desired to do so by both parties to inspection by 

standard. 

a trade, the Inspectors shall inspect by such standards, 
under the same rules which govern inspection by sample ; 
it being understood that, in such trades, the Inspector's 
certificate of sound, full weight, and equal to standard 
of extra (or superfine), shall be satisfactory, and in no 
other respect is inspection by grade to vary from the 
rules established for inspection by sample. 

Reg. 7. In all cases of claims for errors in inspection claims for 

errors. 

by grade, the final test shall be by the standard samples 
in the care of the Secretary of the Association. 

Reg. 8. Besides the stencils already in use the Inspect- stenciu. 
ors shall provide others, stating the grade as well as the 
month of inspection, and, whenever desired by either 
buyer or seller, the latter stencils shall be used. But no 
Unsound, Weedy or light weight Flour shall be stenciled 
in any way by the Inspectors. *. 

Reg. 9. Flour shall be sold on the basis of one hun- Weight, 
dred and ninety-six pounds to the barrel. In case of 
short weight, the buyer shall be allowed at the rate he 
pays, and three-fourths of a cent per pound on same for 
freight, and in addition, five (5) cents per barrel for the 
expense of refilling. 



REGULATIONS FOR THE INSPECTION 

OF HAY. 



No. 1 Timothy — Shall be Timothy, and not more Requirements. 
than one fifth of other tame grasses mixed ; good color, 
well cured, and free from must, 

No. 2 Timothy — Shall be Timothy, and not more Requirements, 
than one-third of other tame grasses mixed ; good color, 
well cured, and free from must. 

Mixed Hay — Shall consist of tame grasses, mixed ; Requirements, 
good color, well cured, and free from must. 

Prime Prairie — Shall be purely upland Hay, free Requirements, 
from swail grasses; good color, well cured, and free 
from must. 

No. 1 Prairie — Shall be upland and midland Prairie Requirements. 
Hay : good color, well cured, and free from must. 

No. 2 Prairie — Shall be swail or slough Hay, either Requirements, 
wholly or mixed with upland; good color, well cured, 
and free from must. 

No Grade Hay ^ All kinds of Hay, badly cured. Hay out of 

condition. 

stained, or in any way out of condition ; the certificate 
of inspection stating whether it is Tame or Prairie Hay. 

All Hay that is sent for inspection under the Kules of to be classed 

when received. 

the Board shall be graded, and each separate bale marked 
with its respective grade immediately when taken from 



n- 



Ixxxiv 



BOAED OF TRADE, CHICAGO. 



Final the Car in which it is sent to this city. The final in- 

inspection. 

spection and plugging, in order to ascertain the sound 

condition of each bale, can take place at any time sub- 
sequent, or at the time of shipment. 

All certificates of inspection shall give the weight of 
each bale of Hay weighed and inspected. The expenses 
for inspection shall not exceed thirty (30) cents per ton 
of two thousand (2,000) pounds, and shall be divided 
equally between buyer and seller. 



Certificates. 

Fees.