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Full text of "Chicago foreign language press survey [microform] : Czech"

BOHEMIAN 



r 



I. ATTITUDES 
A. Education 
1. Secular 

a. Slementary, Higher (High 
School and College) 




I A 1 a BCEBflAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 21, 1922. 

m. mm J. pmr sisoted fcb ths third ma | 

AS PHESIEEI^ CF THE CICERO SCHOOL BOARD -^ 

r— 
r— 

IXirlng the regular meeting of the school board of Cicero, Illinois, our country- ^ 

man, Ur« Frank J. Petru, was installed for the third time to serve as a presi- ^ 

dent of the School Board, He received many gifts of flowers on that occasion* ^~ 

• • • • . ^1 



I A 1 a BCEEMIAN « 

I F 1 >• 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 5, 1922. "^ 

POLITICAL MATTERS ;g 

o 

All Czechoslovak voters of both sexes who are citizens of Cicero, Illinois ^ 
and who are interested in the progress of the public schools should go to the ;t5 
polls next Saturday. Ihe voters should above all see to it that Mr. Frank J. '*^ 
Petru is re-elected president of the school bosu:^, Mr. Petru has served in 
this capacity for two one-year terms and has proved himself to be the right 
man for the right Job. Although the office of president of the school board 
does not involve any salary, Mr. Petru, during the two years he served, de- 
voted his time and energy to this office, ever mindful of the possibilities 
to improve our school system. The results of his efforts are well known to all 
our citizens and«,,.lt is desirable that Mr. Petru be re-elected. 



I A 1 a BOHMIAN 

I F 2 

Dennl Hlasatel. Feb. 26, 1922. 

A CALL TO THE CZECHOSLOVAK TAXPAYERS OF 
CICERO AND VICINITY! 

In view of the fact that the proposed pleui for the erection of four supple- 5 
mentary high schools for Cicero, Illinois and vicinity was defeated at the -c:^ 
polls on February 4 by an ovenrtielming majority of votes, and further, be- F 
cause we realize that the present J. Sterling Morton High School located on ^ 
Austin Boulevard needs an annex, we issue this call to all the voters of o 
school district number 201, which includes the communities of Cicero, Berwyn, ^^ 
Stickney, and Lyons, to come to the polls on March 4 to cast their ballots ^ 
for the proposition that a bond issue of ^25,000 be permitted for the erection*^ 
of the necessary buildings which are to become an annex of the present 
J. Sterling Morton High School. 

The Executive Conmittee of the Cesko-Slovansky Poplatnicky Spolek v Cicero 
(Czecho-Slavonic Taxpayers* Association of Cicero, Illinois). 



\ 



I A 1 a 

II A 1 
I C 

17 



BOHELlLill 



Dennf Hlasatel. Feb. 13, 1920. 
R3P0HT OF C2L3CH MH^IBiR 07 SCHOOL BOARD 



'Mr. James B. Rezny, a ^vell-knc3fwn Bohemian architect, at present a 
member of the Chicago Board of Education, anno\inced that at the last 
meeting of the Board of Education held '.';edne3day afternoon, it was 
decided to make some improvements on the buildings of the Robert Bums 
School, 2524 South Central Park .ivenue. The school is attended mostly 
by children of Bohemian parentage. The expense shall not exceed the 
sum of ^14,000, 




I A 1 a BOHSMIAN 

II D 1 

III H Denni Hlasate l. Sept. 9, 1918. 
Ill G 

I C APPEAL TO CZECH AMERICA 

/From the Cesko-^tniericka Mat ice 
Skolska (Czech-American Central School Assoc iationjT" 

I, 

We all agree that the present tine is ominous and that, unless energetic 
steps are taken at once, before long there will not be a trace of Czech 
nationality remaining in America. 

Czech associations feel most poignantly that this is slowly coniing to pass. 
Members were easily ^ined in fonaer times, and several new ones were 
inducted at almost every meeting. It takes several months, today, before 
one single person can be induced to join. At closer observation it becomes 
evident that more members withdravy than there are won. 

Our aid societies and brotherhoods are, perhaps, the ivorst sufferers frr>^ 



II D 1 


III 


n 


III 


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I A 1 a - 2 - 3 0IIEMIA:T 

Demii :ila3a tel, Sept. 9, 1910. 

I G these conditions, '^ore than our Sokol and other organizations. This 
cannot be denied, and there is no use vvithholdini^ the truth about it. 
It is tine for action on our part to remedy these conditions. 

One of the first steps necessary'' for the rescue t;ill, v/ithout question, be 
the unification of all brotJieriioods. This rrier^-in;; of our aid societies is now 
in prot.-ress and v;ill soon be accoiipllshel — 'hecause it must be accomplished. 
The- creation of one mighty bodj' of aid societies is one of our first aims, for 
it v/ill mean a finTi foundation for the Czech eleiient in ^unerica, and a pillar 
of strenrjth for its perpetuation. Brotherhoodc , united, ■,«ri.ll be better able 
to resist any onslaU;:jht of adverse circur.ist'-inces than sini^le, isolated units 
ever could. 

To attach independent brotherhoods to ths body — that is the second step toi/ard 
a cure. If we ner/^, we have to do the ncr/.ln^ tliorouijlily. .je are the 
American branch of the Czech nation, but divide! into parties, the Free Thought, 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHKMTAN 

II D 1 

III H Dennl laagatel . Sept. 9, 1918. 
Ill G 

I C the Catholic, and the Protestant. We should, at least in one point, 

form one powerful whole. We should not attoznpt to unite Freethinkers, 
Catholics, and Protestants while their camps are at variance with each other# 
Such a union itould not be of any permanent value. It would fall apart at 
the slightest impact • 

A third remedy to prevent the disintegration of the Czech branch in America 
will be found v/hen every Czech man and woman becomes a meiiiber of some aid 
society, unless he or she is a member already. Any felloiv countryman of ours, 
who chances to meet another, whom he does not knov/ to be a member of some 
brotherhood, should askt 

"Pardon me, my fellow countryman, for asking to what society you belong." 

If the ansiver be "To none," then all power of persuasion should be used to 
win a new member for one of the various groups. It is easy. Everybody 



I A 1 a - 4 - B0H5MIi\N 

II D 1 

III H Dennl Hlaaatel . Sept. 9, 1918. 
Ill G 

I C should acloiowlod-je that our aid societies are laainstays of our Czech 

schools hQrSf and of the perpetuation of Free Thour^t principles; 
that they have raonif icaiitly supported oTory Czech national enterprise here, 
and across the ocean; that they have laid one of the cornerstones for our 
foremost national institution, the Czech National iUliance, If these 
institutions become vjeak, if they totter and finally cruraple, it would mean 
not only the downfall of Czech schools, in America, and of the Czech National 
Alliance, hut of the Czech element altosether. Svery sincere Czech man and 
■woman should, therefore, consider it a duty to become a member of some of our 
Czech brotherhoods. 

v/e should perform this national work for the sake of our forebears; this is the 
kind of task which the Czech-^^merioan Central School Association urges us to 
take upon our shoulders. 



■o'- 



In tines past, when new imriiisrants came to America in throngs, Czech schools 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOESIvIIAIT 

II D 1 

III K Denni la asatel, 3ept. 9, 1913. 
Ill G 

I C vjere not in.-=?titii{iion3 of such tov/orin,; inportunce. In recent times, 

lio'.vovor, no one frori the country districts in iJurope jpes to x^raerica, 
Uuropean countries are even preparinj^ laws to restrict enicration. The Czech 
schojls have remained the only fountain from which Czech-xjnerican public life 
can draw its strength, its nev; v;orkers. 



3* 



This \mdeniable fact stands out as a v/aming to all Czech settls.ients that a 

have no Gzecli schools. ^ 

./hat does it avail if Jzecli life surges in your settlement in iiiGhty streams j}? 

and whirls today, if one of its two sources is dried up and the other is 
damraed in by stones and clocijud by brushvjood and diist? How long viill it be 
before tlie acciij.iulatad v/ater has rmi out, and both sources fail? 

That first source is tiie iinraicration from 3ohemia. We are throu£^i as far 

as its supply is concerned. That second source, choked and plutj^^ed up, consists 



I .1 1 a - 6 - BOHEia.-iN 

II D 1 

III H Denni Ilia s at el , oept. 9, 1918. 
Ill G 

I C of o\ir children, born here, vrho have seen no Czech schools! 

Does every one of you grasp now that, to Maintain the Czech branch in 

.rjnerica, to preserve the results of Czecli activity in /jnerics;, it is y 

absolutely ne-.'essary for every Czech settle.aent here to possess Czech li^ 

schools? Does every one understand that he is grossly at fault, -mo does p 

not try everything in his power to support a v/ell-established and conducted ^. 

Czech school in his settleinent? Do our associations coitiprehend, do our ^ 

Czech patriots know nov/? ?~, 

% 

"We hope that they understand, for we hear echoes in this direction fron 7 

everywhere, and we are receiving dejnands for infonoation on how to found 
Czech schools. 

y/e hope that every one of our settlements v/ithout Czech schools will contact 
the Czech-j-Lmerican Central L)Chool .i.ssociatio.i, Box 46, Little i'erry, New 
Jersey. It will supply inforriation, and send an ore-anizer who will approach 



la - 7 - BOHaMiaJ 



II D 1 

III H Denni lilasatel . Sept. 9, 1918. 
Ill G 

I C the public, speak on the mission of the Czech school, and put it on 

a fiRi basis. Gur Associution vdll watch over the school, and see 
that it perioriiis its duties properly. 

It may becono a i.atter of expediency for the organizer to introduce improve- 
ments in schools already existing. 

Je recor.iienl that, before schools are opened ne::t school year, each settlement 
call a public ^Meeting, by v;hich the hi^-hest possible attendance of the school 
may be guaranteed. 

"'/7e also advise that each settlement v/ith a Czech school form a committee, 
which should speak to parents who do not send their children to the Czech 
school. 'J?hose fathers and mothers should be admonished at least not to 
detain their children from attending, for what sort of a Czech is it who 
would not let his child frequent the Czech school already existing in his 



la' - 8 - BOIISa^J 



II D 1 

III H Denni Hlasatel , oept, 9, 1913. 
Ill G 

I C settleriont? 

I'Je reco inend to arrance for at least three public appearances per year, for 
the;; are the best af-itators for parents and for pupils. They induce the 
former to send their children to school, and stir the pride and incite the 
arabition of the pupils. ..e enphasize the fact, that all pupils, even the 
smallest, should be -:iven an opportuuity. 

Je further counsel our schools to send us samples of work performed, and show 
the inethods they use. This should be done at least every quarter of the 
school yenr. It is obvious that vath the present state of affairs it is 
impossible for certain coiuiunitioj to employ trained teachers. The Csech- 
iOQericun Central School i^ssocintion has expert teucjiers available, v4io will 
give advice and show the way to attain the best results. 

Our school tends to prepare our youngsters for ineiabership in our brotherhoods 



5« 

9 



I ik 1 a - 9 - • BOI^mUT 

II D 1 

III II Denni Hlasatel , oept. 9, 1918. 
Ill G 

I C and other or^'anisations, ,ihen they cxovj up, they will have a 

founda^:ion in the history of the Ci:ech people. They v;ill love 
that nation, adhere to its v/ays, and proudlj' proclain allegiance to it, v- 

Ovr pufpoge is to educate our adolescents so that they associate with f 

/uaericans, and spread inforination ainons then re;:ardin,-^ the Czech nation and 

its national aims. Cur youth will in this •■irscj be doin^^ more for the cause 

of the Czechs than v;e ourselves could acconplish. This aim is sublime, and ^ 

difficult to attain, yot the possibility is here, if we do not economize ^ 

unduly, . . 

Ila Zdar! (Success) 






■-J 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

II F 

17 Dennl Hlasatel . Jxine 27, 1918. 

THE MSKIGOLD C22:CH SETTLEMENT 

The settlers in Novy Tabor (The New Camp), knovm as the Marigold settlement, 
have long been trying to obtain a schoolhouse. One site was foiind, on 18th 

Street and Kildare Avenue, and was suitable for the purpose. Although it ;.' 

had previously been used only as a brickyard, Burke, the owner, demanded an r^ 

exhorbitant price; and as a result the School Board was obliged to start 4 

expropriation proceedings. The lower court not only ruled against Burke, but '^, 

even set the price of the lot at fully six thousand dollars less than that ^ 

offered by the School Board, -^ 

John Toman, Alderman of the Thirty-fourth Ward, later appeared before the .^ 
School Board, where he was assured that, as Burke's appeal is likely to prove ^ 
futile, teaching will be begun next year. 

School children will be enrolled in the lower grades; and the plan is to be 
extended gradually until all classes are established. 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

III S 

Denni Hlasatel . May 17, 1913. 

CZECH CLUB AT IJNIV2S3ITy OF CHICAGO 

There is only a small handful of Czech students at the University of Chicago, % 

but they are all yoxing men who show p2x>per regard for the nationality of their ^ 

origin and are conscientiously doing their patriotic duty. They founded a F 

club recently to establish contact with the American intelligentsia and make ^ 

them acquainted with our Czech ideals. so 



"Czech Club" is the name of that body; R. A. Ginsburg is chainiian of its execu- 
tive committee* He presents an interesting acooimt of its activities: 

"Times change, says the proverb, and of this the best evidence is the growth of 
our lately founded Club. Its full name is "Czech Club of the University of 
Chicago", It is the center of Czech activities at the highest seat of learning 
in Chicago* 

The organization of the Club was initiated at the beginning of the last winter 



CO 

ro 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOFffMTA]<r 

III E 

Dennl HLasatel , May 17, 1918, 

semester, J. Horak giving the impulse. It has become a real necessity for -^ 

the small number of students to whom the lemguage of their fathers and mothers ? 

is an object of reverence. Able management, combined with co-operation by - 

the members, has helped the Club to attain the position in which it stands, r 

regardless of its small membership; jTt laj a monument to the moral support ^ 

lent to the Czechs by intellectuals of other nationalities. o 

"The first half year was devoted almost exclusively to mutual introductions, S 
getting better acquainted, and foiming friendships. Gradually the foundations '-'^ 
were laid for attaining the ideals which the Club has accepted as its own. 
Now that the officers are elected — A. French, president, Miss M. Janovslw^, vice- 
president, E. Vorisek, secretary, and F. Hiha, treasurer— we can begin /^o work 
fo^ the realization of those ideals. 

"The first step taken was to make an appeal to the administration of the University, 
and especially to its president, Harry Pratt Judson, well-known friend of the 
Czech nation, to consent to the establishment of a course on the social, political. 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOEEIJIAIJ 

III E 

Denni Hlasatel , May 17, 1918. 

and economic history of Bohemia, A delegation consisting of Messrs. Zbytovsky, 
Horak, and Riha was advised by President Judson's secretary to address itself ^ 
with its request to the director of the Department of History. Upon the 5 
latter* s recommendation the petition would be sent to the board of professors ^ 
of history, the document bearing the signatures of students intending to enroll p 

in the course. ^ 

so 
o 

"It became evident, however, that the continuance of a club with tendencies as •'~ 
advanced as ours was almost impossible without the approval of the professors' ^ 
council, the "faculty advisors". 'Je therefore decided last Friday to appeax ^ 
directly to President Judson. Should the president give his consent, that would 
make the Czech Club the only one under the special aegis of the head of the 
University, On the contrary, if the president should refuse, we shall appeal 
to Professor S. Harper, head of the Slavonic Department and a close friend of 
our political leader outside the boundaries of our old homeland, T, G. Masaryk. 



I A 1 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlaaatel. May 17, 1918, 



III 2 



"In order to establish more intensive and extensive contacts, we shall arrange 
for a meeting on the evening of May 31, to which all Czech high-school graduates 
who intend to continue their studies at the University will receive invitations," 



3> 



cr 

f . 



I A 1 a BOHSMIAN 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 20, 1918. 

^^ITI-GEEMAN REACTION^ 
(Editorial) 

The xiotorious "Six" of the Chicago School Board have not heeded the demands of 
public opinion to remove the bust of the '•Iron Chancellor,** Bismarck, which :S: 
has been disfiguring a public schoolhouse in the very heart of the Polish dis- 5 
trict* In spite of the obstinacy of the Boeird, the springtime cleaning" is 3 
making some progress in another direction. This is certainly highly gratify- ■" 
ing: The executive committee of the Board vas compelled to dismiss a teacher ^ 
who has been setting a bad example with his disloyal remarks. This teacher o 
flaunts his pro-Germanism. His name should have been stricken from the pay ^ 
roll long ago as an example and warning to other individuals of his ilk. ^ 

A steadily rising protest by citizens living on the North Side is becoming 
more and more conspicuous. It is directed against German street names, of 
which there are more than an abundance, indeed. The statue in Lincoln Park of 



I 



/i 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

I G Demii HLasatel. Apr. 20, 1918. 

the great German poet also has not escaped outbursts of patriotic indigna- 
tion. In brief, Chicago, as well as other American cities, has arrived at 
the conclusion that German influence will have to be broken radically, at 
last, and that everything tainted with the provocative Hun hue must uncondi- 
tionally give way to Americanism. 

German lust for expansion has been blowing air for years and is naturally reap- 
ing the storm now. It is aost desirable that the "spring cleaning" be carried -^ 
out as thoroughly as possible—in fact, to the very foundations. ^ 






If the people of almost all the world are now taking the Teutons to account, 
America must not dilly-dally. The three hairs on Bismarck's head may find 
some enthusiastic admirers and defenders among the members of the Chicago S 
School Board, but the latter will have to capitulate in the long run. The co 
loyal populace of Chicago will see to that. C:: 



I A 1 a BOHailAN 

I A 1 b 

I A 3 Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 28, 1918. 

CZ3CE NI'3HT CIuiSSES AT H/J?RI30N HIGH 

Nisbt classes at Harrison Technical High School will be resumed next Monday. 
All classes that were held in the first wesk of January will again be held, 
and students who have already enrolled in them will not be required to pay :s 
any registration fee. New classes will be offered upon demand, provided a 2 
certain minLiium number of students enroll. 3 

There will be instruction in shorthand, tsrpev/riting, bookkeeping, technical 

sciences, and women's handwork. V/e wish to call particular attention to the o 

classes in the Czech language to be held at Harrison High School, and we hope ro 

that the number of students in these classes will be as large as possible. ro 



I ^ 1 a BQH5MJUI\T 

II B 1 C (1) 

II B 1 a Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 9, 1917. 



Ill S 



C3:i:CII CIRCLS at E-JLRISON HIG-H 3C?i00L 



Our Czech corrnnunity probably does not knovj that Carter Harrison High School 
is attended yearly by more than one thousand girls and boys enrolled as 
regular students, ^noni^ these there are many who are gifted v;ith various 
talents. This was evident at the concert vrhich was fdven by the Czech 
students* club Beseda (Circle) on December 5 of this year. The event 
created a sensation and made many friends for the Czechs. The youn^^ amateur 
artists feel gratified and encourap;ed to such a degree that they even speak o 
of appearing before larger public audiences. 



5D 



CO 



Therefore, it v;ill not be out-of-place if we attach a picture in vjhich some "^ 
of the foremost adepts of dancing, singing, and instrumental music can be 
seen. Iliss Helen i^'rish, one of the best knovm students of the schoo], is of 
Czech descent. She is the enthusiastic director of the si'.ging branch of 
the Beseda. She renders the piano accompaniment for all musical events of 



I K 1 a - 2 - EOHStlli^^ 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 9, 1917. 

III 3 . * 

the school. She r-ives piano lessons, but she is also a gifted actress. 
The Harrison Pligh School Dramatic Glut selected her for the main role in the 
li£:ht play "Getting; Sngaged," v/hich is to be ti^iven as the students' annual 
theater performance on December 12 and 13. Other pupils of Czech descent 
v;ho will take part in the performance are Messrs. Li. Ostcsna, 3. Jelinek, 
F. Jindra, T, Besta, and Jan Klaus. 



•X' 



Miss ilorence Pola}r is undoubtedly the best singer of v;hom the Harrison High ^ 

School can boast. Her voice was magnificent in several Dvorak sonps at the 2 

last concert. ^ 

Hiss Ivlilada Kraraetbauer is the third young lady seen in the picture. She "^ 
is a leader in the dancin™ group. 



I A 1 a BOHSIvIIaIJ 

II D 10 

\ III D Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 2, 1917, 

iiNNUAL REPORT 
(Published by the Center of Hi^er Education) 

The executive committee of the Matice Vyssiho Vzdelani (Center of Higher 2 

2ducation) makes the following fourteenth annual report: ....The Center .^ 

was able to extend loans totaling 31,900 to thirteen students. Originally ;z 

|2,725 was appropriated for eighteen students. In these serious times, -^ 

however, some of the young, ambitious men decided to give their services ^ 

to Uncle Sam and therefore relinquished the money offered to them, '^ 



The students were placed in schools in the following states: Nev/ York, 3; 
Nebraska, 3; Iowa, 2; Missouri, 2; Illinois, Ohio, and Texas, 1 each. 

The students are paying back their loans very conscientiously and are 
highly satisfied with the system 



o 



CO 



la - 2 - B0H3f.il IAN 



II D 10 

III D Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 2, 1917, 

Our people should be more eager to buy national postal stamps, because by 
doing so they fulfill a patriotic duty. 



2 



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CO 

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I A 1 a BOISf/.rU^^ 

II R 1 b 

Denni Hlasatel , June 19, 1917. 

/CZECH IUGH SCliOOL STLDEKTSZ 

(Sunimary) 

The Hsrrison Technical High School Annual issued this year contains an 
abundance of beautiful drav/ings, illustrations, and cartoons, the greater 
part of vjhich v;ere done by students of Czech descent enrolled there 



'iuj 

— ! 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

III A 

IV Denni Hlasatel . June 15, 1917. 

A GLARING DISPROPORTION 

(Summary) 

••••The majority of the residents of Cicero are Czechs, This was the keynote 
of the speech ivhich Mr. Frank J. Fetru, newly elected member of the Cicero 
school board, delivered at the last meeting of that body presided over by 
Mr. Jan Slapak. 

Mr. Petru said: "There are eleven schools in the town of Cicero with 123 
school teachers. And now I should like to know why there is not one single school 
teacher of Ozech descent. There are only two teachers of Polish descent. 
Seventy- five per cent of Cicero voters are Czech*. ••" 

The school board members knew no better answer than the excuse that Czech 
teachers did not care for positions in Cicero. This iras refuted by lEr, Petru 
who pointed out that a Czech teacher, Miss Marcella Cervenka, applied for one 
of three positions open in Cicero but was not considered. ISr, Petru demanded 






la - 2 - BOHiiltllAK 



III A 

IV Denni Hlasatel . June 15, 1917. 

that soi.'iethinf; be done about these conditions v/hich have been the "stormy 
petrel" of riany discussions. "There should be at least fifty school teachers 
of Czech descent in this tovm...." he shouted v^ith resounding emphasis. 

The other members of the board sat starinr; and v/ere evidently baffled. The 
attending; citizens, hov/evor, rewarded I.ir. Petru v/ith roaring; applause. 



m. 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. June 11, 1917. 

^^RADS SCHOOL GltiDUATIO^ 

Mr, Jan F. Slapak, president of the school board of Cicero, informs us 
that 237 pupils graduated from the grammar schools this year. A large 
percentage of them are of Czech descent* 





I .i 1 a W V BGHSrvlLJT 

III B 2 

jenni lllasatel , i^^ay 15, 1917, 

HOl^i^T .^a^IKST LIS,a:-5.J. OJ" SCHOCL T".^G;:Zf 

An excited crov.d, conaioting jfiainly of Czech fathers and iiotlierb, protested 
af-ainst tne disiaisbal of one of the touciiers in t::e General Custer School, 
14th Street and Ca;: Park Avenue, Berv.yn, 111. The teacher in .;ueotion is 
Liiss veisner, v.lio is of C2,ech descent. She has served in the Custer school 
for over einht years, and is v,ell liked in the coirurranity. ^he has not been 
reappointed for next year; to date the school board hc.s ..ot advanced a sin.jle 
valid reason for her dis-.-iisiial. The ineetinf: resolved to do everything 
possible to secure the reappointi.ient of i..iss „eisner. 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

I F 4 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel . Mar. 6, 1917. 

EXPAND SCHOOLS IN CZECH SETTLEMENT 

A new school is going to be built near Crawford Avenue between 17th and 
19th Streets to relieve the congestion in Penn School on West 16th Street 
and South Harding Avenue. The cost of the building is estimated at 
$320, 000* The need of a new school in that district has long been 
recognized, but nothing wa's done until Alderman John Toman took energetic 
action to help the neighborhood which is strongly populated with Czechs. 

The John Sprye School on West 24th Street and South Marshall Boulevard, 
shall also be relieved of supemuraerous pupils by an appropriate addition. 
Respective resolutions have been passed by the school board. 






I A 1 a 

II B 1 c 
II B 1 b 



(3) 



Dennl Hlasrtel, Jan. 9, 1917, 



BOHSIiiliU^ 



CZECHS -AMONG THE FIRST 

The YI1C\ held a fair in its building, 3210 Arthington Street, a gift by 
Rosenwald, during the days frora Dec, 29, 1916 to Jan, 1, 1917, T:^e 
exhibition which stood imder the sign of "Crafts and Arts," brought many 
samples of skill and talent before the eyes of the visitors, v;ho had come 
in gr .at numbers, to ;vhich men prominent in their vocations contributed a 
large contingent. The arrangement committee consisted of some members 
most influential in the association, v;hich may be called the biggest of its 
kind in the United States, Only objects of merit were placed on exhibition. 

There were tv/o divisions: one for grammar and one for high schools. In the 
former we did not encounter the v/ork of a single pupil of Czech descent by 
either close or distant relationship. In the high school division, on the 




1 a 



II B 1 c 
II B 1 b 



(3) 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatjl, Jan. 9, 1917, 



B0IIi21-.IrtlT 



contrary, there were long rows of work done by Czech pupils and they were 
being discussed with utmost interest. There was a printer's roller made 
by Julius Bizik, of Crane High School which was awarded the second prize. 
The first prize in the Carpenter's Section was won jointly by Josef 
Prochazka, and Karel Luire. In the Patterns* Section it was Jan Stastny 
who received the first prize. 



Pupils of the C, H, Harrison High School, however, won the highest honors 
iVmong these, Anton Coufal, of 3614 u, 26th Street, son of the well-knovm 
choir director and light-opera conductor, distinguished himself by v/inning 
tv/o prizes in the /irt Section, in viiich another Czech-/jnerican, J. Vopat, 
came into prominence. We are giving these names to the public because by 
doing 30 v;e are giving well-deserved publicity to the young men and a 
stimulus for the further pursuit of their ambitious aims. 




IV 



I A 1 a BOHSaaAIT 

Dennl HI as at el , Feb, 20, 1916, 

imaS FROLI TI-E CHICAGO CCIIOOI, EO/PX) 
J, A, Holpuch, T.lember of the School "Board Informs 
Us That our tfork is not v:ithout Compensation — 
Czech Folk Songs Are a Source for Good 
in our Public School — Military 
'• Drills in our Schools- 



-^ 



Our School Census 



i 



CO 

CD 



JUT* Josef A, Holpuch, a member of the school board, yesterday told us that our 
work in the interest of public schools and their teachers is nearing fruition, oi 

Formerly, when we looked over the records of our schools devoted to the prepa- 
ration of our youth for the teachers'prof ession, we v;ould find one or two 
students with Czech names; now you will be confronted with a v:hole colui^n of 
names of Czech parentage. These young women and men are devoting their full 
school time to the proper preparation for a most honored profession — teaching. 



I A 1 a " 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 20, 1916, 

In the last half year records of our preparatory schools, we find to our great 
joy these Czech namep listed as future teachers: Helen C, TXisek, I,!arie A. Kajek, 
IZagdalena Marie Hitzler, Ap.na Teresie Kessler, Alice Antoinette Kopal, Jessie •£ 
J» Plhak, Anezka M. Polka, Helena M. Rezek, and Emilie A. Slama, ^ 

VJhen we consider the number of Czech candidates for teachers positions for only ^ 
a half-year, we must come to the conclusion that next year the registration of -o 
students for the teaching profession will be much greater, and that circumstances o 
will revert to our credit, i^ 

s 

--4 

We wish that our young men v;ould take a greater interest in the teaching pro- *' 
fession, so that our men would have a larger representation among school teachers. 

According to the records of the school board, entrance examinations to NorrnaJ. 
College will be held on June S6 and 27, 

Czech parents should make a note of this announcement, and should see to It that 



I A 1 a - 3 _ BCimgiV?! 

Derini Klasatel , Feb, 20, 1916, 5 

children with a living: for the teachers* profession prepare themselves for those P 
examinations, ^ 

O 

At the same time, examinations for school princijals will be held. Examinations ^ 
for high school teachers will take place for the following subjects: Gorman, ^ 
Spanish, Latin, French, English, Social Fconomy, Physiology, and Health, Botany, e^ 
Zoology, ^hJ^sics, Chemistry, !vCathenatlcs, Bookkeeping, Photography, Iron moulding, 
Black smithing, '..agon makin?, Machine making. Cabinet making and many other trades. 
Teachers of all these subjects will be needed in both the high and grammar grades. 
Teachers of German will be needed in the hir-h schools, and there also will be 
needed teachers of Gymnastics in both high school and grammar grades, and parental 
school teachers v;ill be sought. 

Singing is taught in our piblic schools and special stress is laid upon folk songs; 
not only American songs are taught, but attention directed to songs of other nations. 



I A 1 a - 4 - E0H5?!IA2: 

IV 

Deiml HLasatel. Feb, 20, 1916. 



^ 



3D 



The Czech songs were poorly represerted, because we had vety few translations, 
of which our Czech member of the Chicago school board, Josef A, Holpuch, was 
we]l aware, and for that reason, a short time ago, v/hen he visited ITeiv York, 
he bought a large number of copies of Czech national and folk songs, arranged ^ 
by the Reverend Vincence Pisek and published by the Schirmer Publishing ^ 
Company. These copies Ilr. Holpuch distributed among singing teachers, who 
appreciate very much the helping hand these song books provide in the teaching 
of the Czech songs. 

Reverend Pisek* s compilation of Czech national and folk songs in an extraordinary 
work from a musical standpoint; it is remarkable for its fine translation, which 
we can describe as masterly. 

For a very long time the Chicago school board busied itself trying to solve 
the much debated question of boundaries between the schools at South Center 
Park Avenue and 'Vest 25th Street (Burns), and that situated at South Ridgeway 
Avenue and 31st Street (Oorkery). 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOHSTilAIT 

TJ 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb, 20, 1916. 

These schools are built far from one another and there were instances where t^ 
large numbers of children who attended the last named school, had to waJ.k "^ 
eight or nire blocks. The long walks to school were very \inpleasant especially r^ 
In inclement weather, and therefore many complaints, v;hich of course were vjell ■« 
founded, were registered with the school board, g 

Co 

At the last meeting of the Chicago school board, the much needed change was S 
finally effected with the proper demarcation of boundary districts of the two ^ 
schools. The boundary line is the alley east of South Avers Avenue, 

The Chicago Board of Education also decided to set up a playground bordering 
the school at '.'.'est 21st Street and South California Avenue, by removing the last 
obstacle: a tv;o-story brick house with a stone foundation at 2837 7,'est 21st Place, 
This building v/as finally bought for *860, and will be m.oved in the shortest 
possible time, so that work on the play-ground majr be started, which is to be 
one of the best equipped and largest playgrounds v;here Czech children congregate. 



I A 1 a - 6 - BOHEiaAN 

IV 

Denni EL a sat el , Feb, 20, 1916. 

Referring to the question of play-grounds, another play-ground question was >• 

settled at this board meeting. The Gary Public "^.chool has no play-ground, and "^ 

naturally the school board received many complaints from citizens Ijving in -^ 

the vicinity of the school which is at South Hidgeway Avenue and 'Jest 21st ^ 

Street, Because the school board has no vacant groimd in this locality, it 2 

opened the rooms of the gymnasium to the citizens arid to the students during lo 

the winter months for the fostering of games and sports which can be played C:^ 

in-doors; vdth the stipulation that if any damage to the building or apparatus '" 
be incurred, those responsible would be held accountable. 

Four hundred dollars v;as allowed by the Board to the managonent of the Carter 
Harrison High School for a projector of colored pictures, and ^IIS for the 
equipment of rooms which wjll house a branch of the pxiblic library. This 
branch library will be the largest and best equipped of any in Chicago. 

The Chicago Board of Education acted on the question of the teaching of mili- 
tary tactics to the students of high schools. On this question, which has not 



• 



I A 1 a - 7 - B0H5I.!i;^T 

r/ 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb, 20, 1916. 

yet reached a deciding point school board members I.!r. Holpuch took the nepiative ,j^ 
stand. He believes that the training of the body is as essential to the well- p 
being of students, as is the training of the mind; but he does not rf^comnend 
military training now when the students are burdened with so many studies. 



s 



Compulsory militaiy training' proved itself very unpopular with the people of g 
Bohemia, That unpopularity v;ould surely be manifested should we be forced l}i 
to accept military training in onv public schools — especially so among the Czechs, 
This stand taken by !.Cr. Holpuch seems to us to be the correct one, and we vdll 
dismiss the question v;ithout further discussion. 

The Chica/^o Board of ''ducatlon will begin taking the school census !.!arch 27, the 
purpose of which is to ascertain the number of children living in Chicago of 
school age. For this v;ork :;;38,000 has been appropriated. 



I A 1 a BOHEl^IAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 9, 1916. 

IffiWS FROM OUR SCHOOL BOARD 
Our Public Schools — Their Division into Districts 
A very small Percentage of the Teachers are Czechs 

Through the kindness of our Czech member of the school board, Mr, Josef A. ^ 
Eolpuch, we have received a very interesting booklet, which simply is an ^ 
address book of all of our public schools. F 

We have often referred to the work of our school board in these columns r^? 

with the greatest interest because, when calling attention to the work - 

performed by the school board, we have also pointed out how the citizens' 
taxes are paid. The Czechs are no small unit when it comes to the tax 
problem. 

The interest from these taxes should be reflected in the teaching of children ' 
sent to our public schools. 






I A 1 a - 2 - BOmUlAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

Our greatest interest in the activities of our school board are centered 
about the iMelfare of our Czech schools, or at least in schools attended by 
pupils of Czech parentage. 

V»e have brought forth these reports to acquaint the Czech public with the 
work of the school board for our free schools, and also to keep our country- 
men informed concerning the teachers to whom we have entrusted our children. 



5 



Mr. Josef a. Holpuch, our member of the Chicago school board, has always £J 

been helpful to us, and it pleased hijn when the Czechs showed an interest ^ 

in the affairs of our schools, which Interest should not lag among us. 2 

Lately, we published an account of the number of public schools in Chicago, ^ 

to which report we now refer because of the interest we Czechs should have '"" 
in matters concerning our public school system. 

As we have previously announced, there are twenty4>three high schools and 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

277 grammar schools in Chicago. These schools are divided into tv^o separate 
districts. 

The first district is controlled by committees of the school board. The 
second district is controlled by school superintendents. 

In both instances we will take notice only of those districts where children 
of Czech parentage predominate. According to a report of the school board 
coLiraittee, there are twenty- four such districts. To us Czechs, the sixth 
and eighth are of the greatest concern. 

In both of these districts, our self-sacrificing Czech worker, Mr. Josef A. 
Holpuch, holds a committee membership. 

The sixth district comprises these schools: Beidler, Bryant, Byford, Calhoun, 
Chalmers, Emerson, Emmet, Ericson, Hayes, Howe, Key, Lawson, Marshall, May, 
Morse, Nash, Ryerson, Shepard, Spencer, Sumner, Tennyson, and Tilton, 



I A 1 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

These schools are in the eighth district: Albany Avenue, Burns, Chicago and 
Cook County School for Boys, Clarice, Cooper, Corkery, Farregut, Froebel, 
Gary, Haiiuaond, Herzl, Howland, Jirka, McCornick, Medill, Nineteenth Street, 
Penn, Pickard, Plaraondon, Rogers, Smyth, Spry, V.liitney, and Vliittier. 

For us, the most notable district is the sixth, under Or, Lav.Ty's direction; 
he is the superintendent and inspector of the follov^ing schools: Albany 
Avenue, Bryant, Burns, Chicago and Cook County School for Boys, Cooper, 
Corkery, Farragut, Froebel, Hanaond, Herzl, Howland, Jirka, Jungman, Komen- 
sky, Lawson, Nineteenth Street, Penn, Pickard, Plamondon, Spry, Sumner, 
Troop, and Whittier. The high schools under lir. Lawrey's direction are 
Crane Technical and Harrison Technical. 

IVhen looking over the reports relative to individual schools , we find that 
our countrymen in the positions as principals are poorly represented, and 
the small number of them does not reflect much credit on Czechs. 



5 



se- 
es 

CO 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

The principal of the Goodrich School is our countryman, Mr. Karel J. Lunak; 
at the Herzl School is Mr. Jaroslav J. Zmrhal; at the Riis School, Miss 
Cecilie B. Schimek, and in the West Pullman School, Miss A. Pest is superin- 
tendent. All these principals preside in grammar schools. 

The assistant principals are: l^iss Clara Bednar, at Parker High School; 
Mr. Frantisek A. Fucik, at the Harrison Technical High School; Kiss Anna 
L. Jilek, at the Herzl High School, and Miss Z. Anna Kovotny, at the McCor- 
mick High School in Oak Park, Illinois. 

The following young men and women are teachers at Chicago schools during 
the 1915 and 1916 semesters: 'William Baumrucker, Crane Technical; Lucy A. 
Blaha, Dante; Jaroslav Bohac, Goodrich; Josef Cermak, Medill; Marie S. 
Oizcovska, Farragut; Alzbeta Dirschmidt, Parental; Minnie Doubek, Carpenter; 
August R. Fischer, Phillips; Josef V. Fucik, Manual Training; Berta Hynek- 
Waska, Penn; Pavla A. Kacin, Hancock; Anna Kalin-Dvorak, Jirka; Berta Karelia, 
Farragut; Karolina A. Kerner, Whitney, in Cicero, Illinois; Josef ina Kleisner, 



I A 1 a - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

Plamondon; Florence J. Klepac, Spry; Ruzena B. Klicka, Herzl; Virglnle J, 
Kohout, Shepard; M. V. Kotalova, Raster; Ruzena Kudrna, Herzl; Karel E. 
Lang, Manual Training; Libbie K, Lang, Nobel; Josef ina K. Liska, Herzl; 
Ruzena Loeffler, Herzl; Augustina T. Lonek, Haugan; A. N. Lurie, Tilden; 
Grace C. Machacek, Otis; Marie A. Nechvatal, Agassiz; J. V. Nigrin, Harri- 
son Technical High; Katerina Kovotny, Manual Training; J. G. Palka, Farra- — 
gut; Josef ina Pecha, Jungmann; Frantisek Pecival, Englewood High; H. S. ^ 

Pisacka, McCormick; Enima S. Pribyl, Shepard; Karel J. Prochaska and Ifarie ^, 
I. Purer, La Fayette; Rudolf C. Rada, Lane; Helena C. Reindl, Spry; Melissa p 
3. Shabeck, Bryant; M. M. Skobisova, R. C. Sladkova, Hammond; F. B. Slepicka, ^ 
iJlanual Training; Marie Soukup, Herzl; Anna K. Stoch, Harrison; F. H, Stodola, g 
Prescott; J. Stritesky, Harrison Technical High; Karolina Turek and May 
Louisa A. Turek, Penn; Josefina Urban, Stowe; Ruzena M. Vanicek, Lawson; Anna 
J. Vavrinek, Marshall; and Robert Zika, Englewood High. ^ 

If we consider the large number of pupils in our schools and the number of 
teachers, we must come to the conclusion that the number of Czech teachers 



CO 

cr 



I A 1 a - 7 - BOHTSTtfTAl^^ 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

in the Chicago schools is indeed small, IVhy it is so is an enigma. And 
we are surprised that our younp; people, especially our young girls, do not 
take up teaching as a profession, which is a calling reflecting honor upon 
those who take it up~ana further it pays well. 

There are many positions open for good, conscientious teachers. There are * 

schools where Czech teachers \.ould be welcomed. When we speak of this 5 

matter, we do not speak of it without due consideration for the effect which '^ 

it may have upon our young students, and we call attention to this phase of rj 

our Czech life because of actual experience, -r> 

CD 

For this reason, we have written this report, vjhich is primarily designed as oo 
an encouragement to our Czech -American youth, who should comprehend and ad- ^ 
mit that our Chicago public schools need a reorganization of the teaching *^ 
force. Our schools should be released from the grip of elements which try 
to hold control over them. 



t 



I A 1 a - 8 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1916. 

The Chicago Czech youth should take it upon itself to prove that what the 
children can do whose parents proudly proclaim their origin from Saint 
Patrick j/lrish7 they too can do, and with even greater success. 

The larger the number of teachers which we will be able to place into our 

public schools, the more intellie^ence we will be able to reflect as a nation- ^ 

al group; this will have its repercussions upon the opinions of our foreign *- 

elements, and also upon our American public, whose opinions we value most. p 

t — 

:c 

c: 

k_ 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 b 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , Jan, 16, 1916. 

NEWS FROM OHE "CESKA GALIFOKNIA" 
The Bohemian Section of the Harrison Technical High School ^ 

/••Ceska California" (Bohemian California) is the name which the Czechs have ^ 
given to the Lawndale district of Chicago^ r^ 

-o 
On Monday, January 10, Mr. E. S. Vraz, a friend of our School, a renowned 3 
traveler and president of the Americka Narodni Rada (i^merican National -^ 
Council), visited us for the purpose of delivering a lecture to the pupils of ^ 
the Czech section of the Harrison Technical High School on the natural beauties *^ 
and the architectural monuments of Bohemia. In order that all the two hundred 
Czech students of the seven grades might attend the lecture in the small hall 
assigned to us, in which a color-reproducing machine throws the pictures on a 
screen In colors, it was necessary for Mr. Vraz to repeat the lecture four times. 
It was no doubt a difficult task for the lecturer; but without doubt it brought 
its rich reward, as might have been expected. 



2 



I A 1 a - 2 - BQETTOTAN 

I A 1 b 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 16, 1916. 

The ardent words of the speaker, reinforced by sixty brightly lighted color 
photos showing the beauties of Bohemia and the monuments of our splendor and 

our great past, imbued our students with a pride that could not be disguised. ^ 

These word-pictures of the speaker, along with the color pictures, showed the p 

students that they are descendants of a nation of great renown, for which GiOd ^ 

willing, even now a great future is in store. si 

The lecture was attended by many Bohemian students who do not study the Bohemian ^ 
language, and therefore we may say that the lecture strenghtened the race-con- ^ 
sciousness of the Bohemian students and awakened in those uriio are not studying 
Bohemian a livelier interest in the work of the Bohemian section. 

The interest in this lecture was so intense that I will try to have an illustrated 
lecture every semester. One will be about the natural beauty of Bohemia; another 
will give an account of the nation* s music; and a third describe its art. Surely, 
in that way, understanding of Bohemian culture and love for it will be aroused. 

J. V. Nlgrln, teacher of Bohemian 



1 a BOl£i.-l/iN 



I A 1 C 

Dennl laasatel , Oct. 28, 1915. 

C'EC^GO dC'IOOL SYSTii.l 

Chicago school affairs have been given greater attention by the general 
public in recaat times than ev ? before. This attention has been fnlly 

justified. No other department of city or state adinini strati on is of greater % 

importance than tne schools. But the majority of citizens pay no attention '^ 

to sucii matters except when something extraordinary is happening, vmen there p 

is a disagreeraent between the School Board members, or soae more serious -^ 

difference betv;een the Board and the school superintendent. S 



Recent cases in point are tne decision of the Chicago Board of Education 
to destroy tue Teachers' Feder-ition, and the news about the resign-^tion of 
the present school superintendent, i-irs. lillla Flagg Young. 

The first affair has caused a great deal of excitement because the Board 
was accused of trying to destroy an important organisation which the 
teachers had founded for tneir own protection, and in the defense of which 



t>0 



I A 1 a - S - BOiijIi»ii^)N 

i A 1 C 

Dennl Jlasatel . Oct. 28, 1915. 

they have received strong support from the Chicago Federation of Labor. This 
dispute will have to be decided by tne courts. It involves tho principle as 
to whether or not the Chicago Board of Iducition has the right to tell the 
teachers to which organ ir^at ions they may or nay not belong. 






•o 



The question of Lirs. Toung's position has been a sore spot in the Chicago 
school situation for years, a year ego the School Board elected another 
superintendent to replace i.irs. Young, but she stayed in office because of 
the Layor's intervention, and the strong pressure of women's organizations ^ 
and the Snclish-languaje press. IText December, when another election will ' 
be held by the School Board, Mrs. illla Flagg Young, as she has stated, will 
not be a candidate. The School Board accuses her of assuming rights belong- 
ing exclusively to then, and, in general, of tryinc to run the scnools and 
everytaing in connection with them, herself, ^.s it is, nobody can deny 
ilrs. Young*." great ability, and her reputation among educators is well 
known and fully recognized. But the Chicago schools have suffered be- 
cause she could not get along with the Board. Therefore, her resignation 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 o 

Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 28, 1915. 

will be an advantage, but the Board will put the lAiole school system in a 

worse condition than it has been during Mrs. Young's superintendency if 

it fails to elect a man of real abilities, both as educator and as executire. 

The superintendent of schools in Chicago receives, out of the ta3cpayer»8 f, 
money, ten thousand dollars a year as salary, a very decent sum and more than 
is being paid to many a man whose office is considered, although often wrongly, 
of much greater importance. However, it is not the highest salary paid to 
school experts in the ttoited States. Our large cities are always trying to 
engage the services of the very best educators, as is evident In New York, 
irtiere, in addition to a full-time superintendent, Mr. Wirt of Gary, Indiana 
has been engaged. He devotes to the New York schools hardly one third of 
the time spent on Chicago schools by our superintendent, although he, too, 
receives ten thousand dollars for his services. iUid New York has yet another 
expert who gets ten thousand a year. It is New York's endeavor to develop 
as perfect a school system as possible no matter what it costs. 



j»- 



f>6 



^ 1 a - 4 - B0Hii..I.v['4 



I A 1 c 

I/9cnl H.lasatel , Oct. E8, iyi5. 

But the superintendent is not the only person on v/hoir tne succes'? of the 
school syster depends. There is also the school bonrd, which in reality 
is never what it should be. ^Jid this applies to Chicago as well as to any 
other large city, and, for thet matter, to the small ones, also, v;here the 
members are elected directly by the citizens. The appointment of scnool ^ 
board members in Chicago, is a matter of politics, and the office is con- » 
sidered c p-irt of politicaJ spoils. Small wonder, tnen, th-it these im- "^ 
portant offices are not always filled by men of real ability and sincere JJ 
interest in schools and educational matters in generalo tj 

o 
Iviany proposals have been made lately to remedy this situation. One of co 

them calls for a board of a smaller number of members, v/ho would be full- ^ 
time officials with a fixed salary, ijiother ides frequently propounded is 
to take SiViay from the mayor the opportunity to barter witn such offices. 
But it is not to be expected t.iat either of these proposals will be adopted, 
even though the idea of a smaller boara has been very v;ide]y recomr,;3nded« 
Lany cities v;.iich formerly had large sc.iool boards have come to the con- 



cr 



I A 1 a - 5 - BCHEtOAN 

I A 1 C 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 28, 1915, 

elusion that large boax>ds are impractical and have changed their inert, slow- 
moving boards to a small board of a few members, and in that way have improved 
their efficiency. The Chicago Board of Education consists of twenty-one 
members; this, in the opinion of many people, is too large a body, and cannot 
work as well as a smaller one. Whether such a change would be for the better 
would depend entirely upon the quality of men who held these important offices. 
Nor is it certain that more able men would get on the Board if they were to 
receive regular salaries. Of course, it is true that in that case many really 
able men could afford to take the office who cannot do so now when it is an 
honorary function. But it does not follow that such men would be appointed; 
in fact, it is even more likely that these offices would be considered a most 
desirable bartering subject for politicieuis. 

However, this is neither here nor there. The fact remains that the Chicago 
school system is in bad need of reform, and that Chicago citizens could 
bring it about if they would show at least as much interest in school 



la - 6 — IjoKiiilrtlJ 



I A 1 c 

Denni iilHS^tel , Get, 28, 1915. 

r.-atters as they show in other public affairs. Tney should not forget that 
the education of sore three h"nrired and fifty tuous-j.nd children is in the 
hands of the i3uperinter)dort and the BCird, that over sixty-five million 
dollars is invested in Ghica^j;o sc'\ool proper+les, rxr.d that the r'mi'ing of 
Chicaso sciooln costs trirteen million dollars a y3ar. If all this were 
receiving the proj.er consideration, and if Chio^GO citi?;ens would pay more 
attention to their school r.atters, the desirable refonri v/ould certainly be 
brou.^ht abort. 



so 

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I A 1 a BOITililAN 

I D 2 c 

I B 5 b Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 11, 1915. 

LEATE YOUR GHILDR"5T: IN SCHOOL! 

(3ditorial) 

A v.eeic ago today v.e devoted an editorial to the betTinninj^ of the school year ; 

and to the children attending: elementary public schools. In addition we 

dealt also v.ith the children's parents. Today v;e turn to the schools acain, J 

but this time it is not public schools, but colleges and other institutions 

of learning v.hose school year has yet to begin. By doing so v-e should like c 

to remind the Boheraan parents v.hose children ^rraduated froiu public schools oj. 

last year, thut their duty is not limited to sending their children to school ^ 

for those fev. ye; rs required by the law, but that it extends further. They *^ 

should, if possible, give their children an opportunity to acnuire the best 

and the Liost co.iiplete education v.ithin their reach. 

VJe are living in a period v.hich itself is br.sed on educrition v.hich makes 
requirements of a na^nitude v.hich none of us could have dreained of some 



r 



1.. 



I A 1 a - 2 - 30Ha.!IAN 

I D 2 c 

I B 3 b Dennl Hlasatel . 3ept. 11, 1915. 

years af^o. This, however, is not surorising if we consider th^t there is 

an abundance of hurian intellect for nny brancri of endeavor, and that the ' 

degree to v/hich one is qualified determines his or her ability to vie with 

one*s competitiors. This applies p.lso in occupations where it is least 

expected. Exoeriences not only in America but in the old country as well, :$■ | 

support this stateraent. V/e Icnow that such vacancies as that of a vill^age 5 1 

policemen or ni^ht watchman have been filled in various "Vystrkovy" /a name -_. 

given to unimport'^-nt small places, comparable to "Podunk," or simila^/ .~ 

by men of real education and intelligence — even university men v.-ere being 

preferred— and there were cases where the villas© policeman or night watch- '- , 

man v/as mentally far above the mayor and members of the village board. The ^ 

very lowest rank of a public ol'i'icial in the oln country is the one of a ^_ 

scribe, or "amanuensis," equivalent to that of a messenger, a flunkey, who 

is frequently better off because there is no responsibility connected with 

his job. And we know very well that such jobs as that of a scribe have been 

given only to the most intelligent of applicants. At this time it may be 

somewhat different, and probpbly will be still more different after the war. 



>i 



la - 5 - DOHELlIiiN 



I D 2 c 

I 3 5 b Denni Illasatel , Sept. 11, 1915. 

v.hen, no doubt, a shortage of \.oricers will prevail. But such v.ere the 
conciitions before the vvar, as very loany of our readers caa -..ell re..:e,7iber. 

Now, are the conditions any better in this country? They are not and vlll ;5 

not be. ir a ."uau \.:intb tc c.et soi,iev.h£-t decent eiaployiient — ana it may be 3> 

far fron beine irofitable — he is required to prove that he is educated, y~ 

that he has had schooling:;; lacking it, es well sone "uncle" to L'ive him the ,i^T 

necessary "pull," he has no chnnce v.h-tever. Labor is plentiful and, con- ."7 

sequently, the e^iploytrs are "choosy". Even for manual, unskilled labor l2 

they luaice their choice u.aon^; the most likely nen, and v.e tcnov; that in spite o 
of the prevailing "prosperity" there is still an oversupply of labor and that j 
unenployraent , instead of aiif.inichin(-i, is steadily increasing. 

The parents certainly are or should ha concerned about the future of their 
children. They should, alvvays try to assure a better econon:ic future for their 
children. This applies p rticularly to our immi(-;rants v;hose past has been 
anything but rosy. To say, "I am a laborer, unsl-ciiled ivorker, and the same 



la - 4 - BOEiJiuIiJ'I 



I D 2 G 

I B 3 b Denni Klasat el, ijept. 11, 1^15. 

lot should be ••ood enouf;h for my child," is not only c^ntirely v-rong but also 
quite a confession oi' inferiority, iill of us should have et least some am- 
bition, should ti*y to v-oi'k for the attainment of the better things in life. 
These better things may not be attained and enjoyed by us, but v:e should be 
happy to see our children enjoy them, and they \.ill in turn be appreciative ^ 
of v.hatever v.e have done to make their lives easier, more agreeable, and more >^ 
prosperous. p 



.N3 



Ari'ain, to say, "I have been v.orking hard, and there is no reason Vchy ny son 
shouldn't," is to be devoia of logic, it is heartless and unlovinp,. This 
our parents shoula realize. Ihey should not be so stupid as to send ele- 
mentary school graduates to work because they have complied with the lavv. t?l 
i:or should they be still more stupid, anci do it because the children's earn- 
ini:,:s v.ould be helpint: their parents to pay off the mortgage, to buy better 
things, to taKe it more eas.^' — something vje meet \,ith, unfortunately, quite 
often among our countrymen. There are cases Vvhere the parents have several 
children. One after the other they grow up past the school age, and the 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOHEMLiN 

I B 2 C 

I B 3 b Deniii Hlasatel , Sept. 11, lyio. 

father, feeling that he has slaved loni^;: eriour;h to iiieet all the bills, quits 
v-orK ana sends his children to sv.eat in various shops v.ith the idea that they 
all vill "f-et alont'" soiaehow, v.ith the children earning the laoney and the 
mother tuKing care of the house. The nortgage on the "shanty" will be paid : 
off, and he v.ill be just "hangin^-^ around" the house, taking it easy, as on - 
the Vymenek /certain rights and a share of a farn's income reserved by the i 
old peasant in the old country when he passes on the actu;il running of it ''. 
to his son7> sipping his beer and sitting for hours, for uays, tainlcinr hovt _; 
bad it v^as Vvhen he had to take care of everything hiir.self — v.ith "iuother" 
only — forgetting that ".nother" still has to plug along, and ^■'Jill have to 
pluf; along perhaps to her very end. <3i 

But most important of all, he forgets that he robs his ov^n children, depriving 
thei.i too early of their childhood , v.hich should be the laost beautiful period 
of everybody's life, Hou long is childhood? One ansv.er is, as long as one 
raF.nages to preserve it. ijut that ansv.er is not cuite correct, A nan is not 



CO 
CD 



I A 1 a - 6 - BOHEUMT 

I B 2 C 

I B 3 b Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 11, 1915. 

alv.ays a free agent. Gircomstsjices frequently ceciae for him, V.'e should 

say, therefore, that childhood l^sts as long ls one rOes to school and as ^ 

loiiF, as he is free of all cares eiccept those easy ones connected k.ith one's ^ 

school v.oric. cnce r. child quits school ano conies in contact v;ith real life, rf 

he is no aore a child. He ib on his vj-r,.: tu early maturity, v.hich will de- —^ 

prive hiiii of the beautiful chaiin of innocence, the i.iost precioub character- ^p 

istic of child hooa, ?- 

CO 

cr» 

Parents sIiouIg try to preserve that ch.-.rr.: in their children as long as pos- ^ 
sible; certainly they biiould not \.ili\illy taice it av;ay fron thei.i. They should 
leave the children in school as Ion,'-: as they possibly can afford it. The 
revvara for tneir unselfishness is a hundredfold — if in nothing; else, in the 
Icnowledge that they have done well their inost inportant, aost sacred, i.iost 
beautiful uuty. Co not deprive your children of schooll You v.ould be de- 
priving theiii of their childhood and their opportunity for educ.--.ticn, the need 
of v.hich is being increasingly felt. 



la - 7 - BOIP-^iiili^N 



I D 2 c 

I B 5 b Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 11, 191b. 

By keeping: your children in school you will do the;;i the most good, x'ou may 
leave thei.i iaoney, but thct v.ill be spent. You inay-leuve them a Tine resi- 
dence, it raay burn; it laay aeteriorate sooner or later. You roay leave then -^ 
a rar:n, but a cyclone, i-iay turn valuable property into a desert. But five -TI 
thera an education, ana there is nothing in the v.hole v.orld that can take it oi 
av^ay frc;:i theii. They till keep that all their lives, and ..ith that their -- 
grc-te fulness to you, their beautiful memories of their parents. Education "^ 
is a most valuable uov.ry. '. ithout it their life strUi:;rle vdll be hard; i'-ith ^1 
it , comparatively easy. 



Do not stop Vsith primary schools. Send your children to hi^Jier schools, send 
them to colleges, and you v.ill never have to v.orry, never have to fear that 
life ■-ill be unkina to your children. You will never have to reproach your- 
selves that you have denied your children the educatioii v.hich you could have 
.--iven them, even if it had meant sacrifices on your part; that you have de- 
prived the:'; too eirly of their youth, their childliood, the memories v;hich 
would remain v.ith them for life, just as they rei.iain v.ith you. 






\ 



I A la BOH53CTAN 

II B S f 
I B 3 b Dennl HL as at el , Sept. 4, 1915, 

III A 

ON THE THRESHOLD OF THE SCHOOL YEAR 

(Editorial) 

Next Tuesday the doors of Chicago schools will open in order to admit small 
armies of little pupils, some of them old friends, some again who will be 
getting acquainted for the first time with those little steps toward tne serious 
work of real life. By some of them the opening of the school doors will be wel- 
comed with genuine joy and pleasure long and impatiently expected by their yoiing 
hearts; by others with a feeling of discomfort, with a secret wish that the begin- § 
ning of the school year might be indefinitely postponed. The first feeling will -^ 
probably prevail in the majority of pupils who go to school for the first time, ^S 
because school is something entirely new for them, something about which they have <^ 
heard much at home, something they desire to learn about from their own experience. 
They will take with them to school a good deal of curiosity, a desire to see and 
listen, an ambition which will be noticeable on all their youthful faces. 



5> 



~C 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOIFT.TIAIT 

II B 2 f 

I B 3 b Demii Hi as at el , Sept. 4, 1915, 

III A 

Quite different and much less pleasant will be the feelings of the older 
pupils, boys and girls who, knowing sonething about school, dislike the idea 
that school implies certain duties, and in wiiom the idea of duty gives rise to 
a feeling of ennui and lassitude. These are the children who have alv;ays pre- 
ferred fun and play to going to school, which, to them, is nothing but an 
institution which robs thera of their free'time — time v;hich they would otherxvise 
use to much better advantage at home or on the streets in the canpany of like- 
minded chums. The progress, or lack of progress, such children make in school 
is exactly in proportion to their distaste for studying. 

In cases of that kind it is the duty of the parents, once they become av/are 
of such feelings in their youngsters, to inspire in then if not love for school 
vrark, at least interest in it, vri.thout vrfaich the children will reap only a 
very questionable benefit, if any, from their school years. It will be up to 
the parents to preserve and maintain love for school in children who have it, 



-c 

3» 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHSfJIAN 

II B 2 f 

I E 3 b Dennl Hlasatel , Sept, 4, 1915, 

III A 

and, in the case of children vdio hate school, to counteract the dislike 
by something that would cause^ in them a healthier attitude toward study and 
serious work. But this must be done right at the beginning, as soon as the 
adverse attitude toward school is recognized. Otherwise all efforts in that 
direction will be in vain. 

Of course it is true that the interest in school is and should be engendered 
by the teacher (by her ways of acting, her conduct, her methods of teaching, 
etc), but it should be engendered at home in the first place, because the 
interest engendered at home will always remain the most healthy, more productive 
one. 



2- 

-c 

•X- 



c 



Someone may ask what the best way is of arousing in children an interest in ^ 
school. This question we shall answer first of all in a negative way by saying, t? 
anything but violent means, to say nothing of beating. Once we see that the 
child does not like to go to school, that it reaches for the book ?rith aversion^ 



I A 1 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 f 

I B 3 b Dennl HI as at el . Sept, 4, 1915, 

III A 

let us not use any violent methods to make it do its duty, such as 
severe scolding, thrashing, or any other painful means. Nothing woxild be 
gained by that, and in all probability the condition would be aggravated, be- 
cause the child would consider school a source of punishment* 

Hence, let us try something else. Let us point to the advantages school offers 
to children who like it and who like to study. Let us tell them that life with- 
out school education is quite impossible to imagine in these days, let us awaken 
their ambition, let us lead them to a healthy competition with other children, 
let them imagine how fine it would be if they would excel over the other kids 
in school, and promise them, now and then, a little reward—which frequently 
is quite sufficient to arouse a child's ambition. Should we learn that one or 
another subject is difficult for the child, that the child lags in it behind 
the other children, let us try to make the work easier. Let us not force that 
subject on them. It would be useless. And most of all, let there be no beating, 
no punishment. Let us help the child by explaining as much as we ourselves 
know about that subject. Our showing good will and a helpful spirit may engender 



3> 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOHaiLAIT 

II B 2 f 

I B 3b Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 4, 1915. 

III A 

the same good will toward the subject in the child. Patience on 
our part will teach the child patience, and good results will gradually follow. 

Let us alviSiirs show a friendly attitude toward the children. That alone will 
produce the desirable interest. And let us never put our own children to 
shame before other children, because that would create and nourish stubborn con- 
trariness, which would prove most dangerous to their further development and ^ 
would destroy any good results of our former efforts. If we want our children 5 
to receive the proper benefit from their school yoars, it is necessary to be ^=i 
most careful, as one faulty step may rssult in just the opposite of what we had F 
wished to achieve. 



Parents should keep all this well in mind. And they should also keep in mind 
something else which we should like to impress upon them. There are many 
Bohemian schools here in Chicago. Our public, Snglish-language schools are 
most important for the children's future. But it would be not only wrong, but 
also unjust to attribute a minor importance to our Bohemian schools. By doing 



c 

Co 

cr 



I A 1 a - 6 - BCTiaCL^N 

II B 2 f 

I B 3 b Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 4, 1915. 

III A 

so we would prejudice oursslves, but first of all our children, /fliat 
W3 want is that our children shall have a certain degree of respect, if not 
love, for tha language of their fathers and mothers, or, at least, that they 
should not despise it. ^ilven the Bohomian language will serve them in good 
stead some day— if for nothing else, than for use in contacts with their nearest -^ 
kin, with the people in whom the same blood pulsates as in themselves. Let us, 5 
therefore, send our children not only to public schools but also to our own -n^ 
Bohemian schools. Let us awaken their interest in both of them. Their interest p 
in public schools is a matter of life*s necessity. Their interest in Bohemian ^ 
schools is a matter of our own pride, of our hopes, which should never be nourished § 
by the substance of which dreams are made, but by stem reality, ^ 

C3 



la BOHSMIAN 



I D 2 a (2) 

DeD.n£ Illaaatel , Aug. ^9, 1915, 

liOV/ .vBCUT TILiT F5DSH..TI0N? 

(Eaitorial) ^ 

The foes of the teachers* federation claiia that tne best interests of the p 

Chicago schools are being harmed b3cnuse, they s*iy, the federation an- "I^ 

tagonizes tne teachers against the School Board. There may be soae trutn in § 

this, provided it is justified to call "antagonizing" the federation's 

attempts to protect the interests of the taxpayers by opposing the leasing 

of school ground at ridiculously low prices. jSven if the federation nas tr 

been against the Board in other matters, as well as fig.'iting for more money 

for the teachers, we are luiable to see in it anything harmful to the 

children. But it certainly v/as extremely harmful v.'hen, before the federation 

came into existence, the teachers were without any protection and had to 

depend on the influence and good graces of politicians. 



■CO 



1 a 



BCK2MIAN 



I A 1 c 

I F 6 Dennl Hlasatel . Aug. 12, 1915. 

INVESTIGATING OUR SCHOOLS 

(Editorial) a^ 

The Senate committee which has been looking into the affairs of the Chicago C 
Board of Education in recent weeks has made a number of exposures which g 
will hardly please Chicago taxpayers. All the men who have been called by £ 
that CCTmiittee agree that the business of the Board is not conducted in a ^ 
manner suitable for such a large and important public institution. The i^ 
committee does not care to find out what Chicago youth is receiving in 
return for the millions of dollars spent yearly on the school system; but it 
is concerned with the manner in which that money is spent, and in the way 
in which the business of the School Board is conducted. Facts so far dis- 
closed are not very gratifying. No instances of corruption have been proved 
so far, and nobody has been accused of dishonesty, but all the witnesses who 
have testified up to the present time agree that the City schools are so 
poorly managed that no private enterprise could continue to exist under 



*^ 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOfT?mAN 

I A 1 c 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 12, 1915. 

similar management. The first rule of any business enterprise, that is, 
that expenditures should be limited by, and must be in prox>ortlon to, income, 
is absolutely unknown on the School Board. Nobody is concerned with the 3 
future income; the only question is how large should be the expenditure. -^ 
The yearly budget is always made on that principle with the result that ex- r= 
penses exceed income by hundreds of thousands of dollars every year, and thus <^ 
the Board pays one year's debt with the following year's income and runs ^ 
into new, larger debts in its new budget. To keep within the income appears w 
to be absolutely out of the question; it even seems that the majority of ^ 
the Board do not so much as try to manage its financial affairs in that sensi- ^ 
ble way, V/ell, it is not the only body that acts that way. The Municipal 
Council and the County Board are doing exactly the same thing and with very 
similar results, Sconomy and carefulness in expending money do not prevail 
in either of these bodies; and if there are attempts to introduce them, it 
is mostly in matters where such measures are the least necessary or the most 
undesirable. 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHSMIAN 

I A 1 c 

I F 6 Dennl Hlasatel . Aug, 12, 1915. 

The mismanagemdnt has put the School Board into a desperate situation, so 
that it was finally obliged to ask the State Assembly to raise taxes and thus 
provide for it a greater source of revenue. There never has been a question 
of cutting dovm expenses, but always a question of how to procure more , 
money. There is hardly ever a thought of cutting expenditures in our public ^ 
bodies, for the simple reason that an obliging legislature can always be ^■ 
found wdiich sees to it that, by the raising of taxes, wastefulness may con- ■=— 
tinue its rule. This, however, is not the only thing of which the Board, by a- 
the evidence disclosed even by its own members, is being accused. For instance, ^^• 
the Board seems to pay much more for the real estate it buys for its schools *** 
than any private citizen pays; and evidence of many other irregularities and 
of shameful mismanagement have been presented. The School Board is so full 
of intrigues, political graft, criminal schemes, that every taxpayer must be 
amazed by the conditions prevailing in a body that should be in the first 
place among those which are absolutely freo from political and other influences 
because it is charged with the education of our future citizens. The member- 
ship of the Board is usually selected from among people of some prominence 






I A 1 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 c 

I F 6 Dennl Hlasatel . Aug. 12, 1915. 

in business and public life, and such people would naturally be ezpected 
to perform their duties honestly. But the investigation seems to prove 
that Just the opposite is the case. The tazi)ayers, while continually 
complaining about high taxes, are reluctant to protest where public schools 
are concerned. They do not kiclc against spending eighteen million dollars 
a year for schools, and. they would not mind spending even more, if it were 
really necessary for the proper education of Chicago youth. But their 
patience will soon be exhausted if the senseless management which had pre-> 
vailed in school affairs for so many years should continue. 

The Senate committee is looking for the reasons for these sad conditions, 
and it is to be confidently expected that proposals for a complete reorgani« 
zation of the Chicago Board of Education will be made in the coming session 
of the State Legislature. It is generally believed that the Board is too 
large a body to make efficient work possible. It consists of twenty-one 
members. Other American cities have their own boards of education, but the 



r- 



I A 1 a - 5 - BCffTFMTAM 

I A 1 c 

I F 6 Dennl Hlasatel . Aug. 12, 1915. 

Qcmaon tendency is to keep the bosirds as small as possible. In Boston 
they used to have a board consisting of 116 members. This was later reduced 
to twenty- four, and now they find five members enough to take care of all 
Boston school affairs. Baltimore has reduced the number of her school 
board from twenty-nine to nine, 3t. Louis from twenty-one to twelve, Indi- 
anapolis from eleven to five, Milwaukee from thirty-six to fifteen. New 
Orleans from twenty to five, and other cities have small boards because it 
has been found that too large bodies eire disadvantageous. Only three or 
four large cities have boards larger than Chicago. New York is in the first 
place in this respect; its board has forty-six members. Providence, Rhode 
Islfiuad, has a board of thirty-three members; Worcester Massachusetts, one of 
thirty; and Cincinnati, Ohio, one of twenty-seven members. 

The question is what would be the right size for Chicago. Most people agree 
that the Board should be smaller than it is now, and one of its members 
maintained, during his testimony before the committee, that eleven members 
would be all that are needed. He also maintained that they should be elected 



I A 1 a • - c - BCILi:i.X\N 

I A 1 c 

IPS Jennl I'lns-tcl , ..u,-. Ifj, 1915. 

directly by the people ■■■nd should be paid a rcnilar salary, At present, 
the members of the board are appointed by the nayor, and v;ork free of 
charre. L!ost ci" then have comparatively little free tine to j::^ive to the 
affairs of "he Board. Paid officers './ould have to devote all their duties 
and it should therefore be exnectod that this arrancerient v/ould r'-ise the 
level of the Chicar-o schools, at least in an economic sense, much hi{T,her 
than it is nov;. That particular rienber has said that this systei: v;ould 
save for the 3c>iool Board ten tines the ariount of iv.oney that vrculd be the accre- 
gate of the salaries of the eleven nen. 'Uiey v/ould save money "hen real 
estate is beinf bought, and they v;ould prevent the overcrov/dinr of some 
schools v/hile there is unnecessary space in others. By a proper redistricting 
so Much spaco .culd be coined that much less f re luent buildinr of ne.v schools 
would be required. 

To sum up, it is certain that the mana/'craent of Chica;.-o schools is in bad 
need of refcm, and if such rcfom is not fortiico.'ninf after the present investi- 
gation, it should be exr)ected thr^t definite steps to.;ard it v;ill be r.ade in 
the coming session of the ie^islaturo. 



I A 1 a BOIIEi:iAIT 

I F 4 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel ," July 11, 1915. 

III A 

IV SCHOOL BOARD IffiVJS 

Wien we talked with the Bohemian member of the Chicago Boaird of Education, ^ 
Mr» Josef A. Holpuch, he told us that we sho\ild not be surprised to see him >^ 
putting forth all possible efforts toward secxiring any necessary or desirable p 
Improvements for the nev; Carter H. Harrison High School. He had made up his ^ 
mind,, he said, to make that school one of the nost perfect ones not only in g 
Chicago but in the urtiole country. Evidently the school has "grown to his 
heart," as the saying goes, and because he knows that it v/ill be receiving 
consideration only as long as there is a Bohemian on the Board, he considers D^ 
it his duty to do for it all he can. Nobody knows whether he, or any other 
Bohemian xvho would ^ake i)articular care of that school, will be sitting on the 
Board during the next term. Theirefore, he wants to use the time until the end 
of this current term to do for the school all he can, and all that would add 
to the prestige of the Bohemian people in Chicago, whose children form over 






I A 1 a - 2 - . 30II5I!IAIT 

I F 4 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel , July 11, 1915. 

III A 

IV seventy-five per cent of the pupils of that school. Ke does not do 
this for his own sake but for the sake of the good name of Chicago 

Bohemians, not only those living here now, but also those who will cone after 
us. For them, he wants to leave the proof that he was not merely "sitting" 
on the Board, but that he was doing some good vfork. there. 



O 



to 



More recently he again succeeded in securing for the school a nvmber of ad- 
vantages about which o\ir public will be glad and interested to learn. The ^ 
School Superintendent, Urs. Ella Flagg Young, becavise of the deficit which has D^ 
been threatening the Board for some time, declared the following principle: 
as an economy measxire, to take on no new teachers. Board Member Holpuch dis- 
agreed with this principle, and, maintaining that there must be as many teachers 
as are necessary, he requested a number of additional teachers for the Harrison 
High School. In doing this he pointed out tliat in that school is Chicago's 
most beautiful and most expensive swimming pool — it cost :ipl50,000 to build — 
which is being used only by the school janitor and his family because there 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOTI'TA!' 

I ? 4 

I F 5 Dennl HIvsatel , Ju]v 11, 1915. 

III A 

IV are no teachers in the Harrison Ili.p-h School to teach the pur^ils how to 
swim. Under such conditions the pool is uselesn, and for that reason 

he requested the apjjointment of several swimrninr instructors. The finance 
coninittee, upon his nost urgent demand, anpropriated enourh funds for two 
instructors, one man and one woman, who will work there half the tine during' 
eight months for the compensation of SllO a month. But the condition of their 
appointment is that they will teach gymnastics also. In another Instance, 
I'r. Ilolpuch referred to a number of additions built to the school about a year ^ 
and a half ap'O 'vhich were to orovide for instruction in various trades and arts, K 
So far they have not served sc because the necessary machinery, etc., has not 
been installed, and, also because there have not been any instructors. Because 
of the pressure he exercised in this respect, three instructors have beer 
approved, on.3 for printing, one for the tinsmith shop, and one for metal plating. 
The appropriation for this purpose is *3'-,200, The subjects will be taught in 
four-month courses, and the teacher will receive six dollars per teaching day. 
In addition to this, the cabinetmakinp- course and the woodwarkinp course will 



O 



I A 1 a - 4 - BCIISLDIAN 

I F 4 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel , July 11, 1915. 

Ill A 

rv be continued v/ith the chernge that all pupils of the Harrison High School 
who have been taking such courses elsewhere, vrf.ll receive their instruc- 
tion in their ovm school. Vflien all the courses planned for the Harrison High 
School are opened, the school will be attended by more than seven thousand 
students, and hence it v/ill be the largest high school in the country as far 
as the number of pupils is concerned. 

Vftien the 1915 budget was made, lir. Holpuch succeeded in receiving the appropria- 
tion of $352,000 for the Harrison High School, this money to be used for various ^ 
improvements, particularly the purchase of machinery for the established shops, o 
He succeeded in getting this appropriation against the protest of Chaiiman ^ 
Collins himself, v;ho favors the schools in Austin and vicinity, because, as an 
owner of much real estate in these parts, he is personally interested in their 
reputation and advancement. Lr. Holpuch, who was determined to get the men- 
tioned amount for his "Bohemian" school, agreed v.'ith IJr. Collins on a compromise. 



3D 
O 



la - 5 - •ROIf^T'IAl^ 



I F 4 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel , July 11, 1315. 

TIT A 

IV He promised to vote for I'r. Collins* requirements for Austin, and 

!.fr. Collins apreed to his in the Harrison High School, The result was 
that the Harrison Hif?h School, in spite cf the finance committee, which reduced 
the requested amount to a mere r*'.40,000, will receive ?'35S,000, which is more 
than all the other twenty-one liirh schools in Chica/?;o will receive altop'ether. 
There is only one string attached to this appropriation: The purchase of the 
necessary machinery will be postponed until the prices of iron, steel, and 
other metals, now very hipii because of the war in "Europe, droT) down to normal 
levels. 

The schoo]*s irimediate vicinity will soon be cleaned up. That is, there vrill 
be no buildinrs around it. The last of then vjill be expropriated at the end 
of this month, so that the whole site will become Dronertv of the School Board, 
which will hove it leveled by fillin<7 or renoving parts that need such treat- 
ment, and fenced. The City Hall will no doubt give the title to the alleys 
on the pround to the School 3oard, and then a huge playground will be made 
there, the lari?est for miles around. There will be a lon.f^ track, tennis courts, 



o 



I A 


1 n 


I F 


4 


I F 


5 


III 


A 


IV 





- 6 - BOTTC^fJ^TvT 

Dennl Hlo satel, July 11, 1915, 

football «^round, place for ball faTie^, etc. There will be peats for 
spectators all arounf'l the rroun'l, erected by the pupils learning car- 
pentry and cabinetmaking, VJe call the attention of our Sokol units and other 
organizations to the fact that thej'' vjill be able to pet free use of the play- 
j-iround upon application to the school Board, which application it would be 
best to rut into the hands of its member, T'r, Ilolpuch. 



— I 



I A 1 a BOHBI^II^ 

Dennf lUasatal , June 26, 1915 • 

BOHa-llATJ GRADUATSS 

At Haugan School, two well-knoi^/n girls, Viktorka KaSpar and iiuzenie VejraSka, 
both inmates of the Ceskd tJtulna a SirotSinec (Bohemian Old Peoples' Home 
and Orphanage), graduated yesterday. These two have been heard cany times, 
either singing or reciting at various national festivals and celebrations...,, 
following are the nmaber of Bohemian graduates of Chicago public schools^^ 

Hyde Park High School, four-yeyr course, one girl; Lake xiigh School, two-year 
course, two girls, one boy; l-uley High School, four-year course, three girls; 
Bowen High School, four-year course, one boy; Crane High Scnool, four-year 
course, eight boj^s; Parker High School, business course, one girl; Calumet ^ 

ALQh School, one girl, two boys; Lucy L. ilower High Scnool, four-year 
course, one girl; two-year course, one girl; Pickard School, two boys. 






I A 1 a BOF^^rmrTATJ 

Dennl EL as at el « June 26, 1915, 
BACK TO SCHOOL 

(Editorial) 2 



33 



Children who leave the public schools these days should not be saying 
good-by to schools forever, especially in cases v;here the parents have enough 
means to support their children in further studies, 2 

CO 

The education which the parents are able to give their children is the only |:::5 
permanent thing they can give them, no matter hoxv rich they are, and that ^ 
education will be of immense value to the children some day in the futtire, 
iVhere the parents are in favor of having their children go back to school, 
the children should be happy to take advantage of their parents* generosity 
and be grateful to them, if for nothing else than for the chance of remaining 
for a few more years—children, youths. 



I A 1 a BOHEI^JIAN 

Denni Hlasatel, June 25, 1915, 

B0HE3£[Al^r GRiU}UATS 

Graduation exercises are being held this week in Chicaco high schools and 5 
many of their pupils will receive their diplomas. Among these are the — 
following number of Bohemian students: ^ 

Carl Schurz High School: four girls, and four boys; Snglewood High School: ^ o 
three girls; John Marshall High School: four-year course, one girl, two boys; i^ 
two-year course, four girls; Lake View High School: two-year course, one boy; S 
Lane Technical High School: two-year course, one boy; four-year course, two boys;*** 
McKLnley High School: four-year course, two boys; two-year course, one boy, one 
girl; '.Vendell Phillips High School: general course, one boy, one girl; 
Harrison Technical. High School: four-year course, nine girls, twelve boys; two- 
year course, thirty girls, seven boys; Medill High School: four-year course, 
one girl, two boys; two-year course, nine girls; Throop School: eight girls, 
nine boys. 



I A l_a - 2 - BOEHAN 

Denni Hlaaatel , Jxine 25, 1915, 

A large eighth grade graduated in Bohemian Oak Park, and a large majority ^ 

of the graduates are of Bohemian descent. The number of graduates are thirty- ^ 

one girls, tvzenty boys. ^ 

O 

CO 



I A 1 a Bg^mM 

s 

Dennl Elasatel , Jtme 24, 1915, ^ 

SCHOOL BOARD FII.SS BOHEMIAN 
RS30LUTI0N 

Yesterday we told our readers that Uayor Thoripson had coraplied v;ith the 
request of the Bohemian ccinnittoc v.hicL cckec him to intervene in the matter 
of the resolution of the Straz Osvojenych (Guard of the Liberated) against 
the "Kaiser" article in our textbooks, and that he has given the committee a 
letter to the president of the School Board with the request that the repre- 
sentatives of the Straz Osvojenych be given the proper hearing. 

"Hie letter was delivered to the president of the School Board by the representa- 
tive of the Straz Osvojenych, Dr. F. Iska, in a plenary meeting of the Board 
yesterday afternoon. 

The president voice;' objection to the l»iayor»s recommendation that the hearing 
of the resolution be by the committee on school management, not the Board itself. 



o 

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I A 1 a - 2 - 30ESMIAIT 

Dennl Ela satel, Jime 24, 1915, 

But upon being infomed that the purpose of the coinniittee*s call on the Mayor 
was to cause the resolution to be read without delay in today's meeting of the 
whole Board, and eifter an energetic intercession by the Bohenian member of 
the School Board ilr. A, Holpuch, the president promised that it would be done. 

At four o'clock in the afternoon, when the meeting of the Board was opened, 
the hall was filled to overflowing by teachers and ladies who had come to 
learn the outcome of the objections filed against the installation of the assis- 
tant to School ouperintendent, ELla Flagg Young. But before this matter was tak^= 
up, the president handed the ilayor's letter concerning the request of the Straz 
Osvojenych to the secretary. After the secretary had read the letter, the 
president ordered the reading of the resolution deiaanding fche removal of the 
"Kaiser" article from the textbooks and the definite and permanent exclusion of 
articles dealing with the private life of members of any ruling dynasty or of 
people known to be seeking special advantages because of their claim of higher 
birth or riches. 



5 



C3 
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I A 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . June 24, 1915. 

The full text of the resolution has been already published, and those i*ho 
have read it can easily imagine the gravelike silence prevailing in the room 
idien the irrefutable and pertinent reasons were being read proving that the 
aurtide is definitely unsuitable and unprofitable for Aowriean youth, and 
quite unfit from the general pedagogic point of view. Superintendent Ella 4 
Flagg-Toung was present, the lady who in the previous meeting admitted the 
authorship of the article and designated it as the acme of all pedagogic 
perfection, and now, in the presence of a large number of teachers, statements 
proving just the opposite were read with full emphasis. 

Quite a peculiar impression was noticeable when the following part of the reso- 
lution was read: "This age does not need any creed based on deceit or delu- 
sion, but does need an ideal creed of Truth and Benevolence which would not 
divide the people into rulers by the grace of Qod ana subjects destined to 
submit patiently to the rulers* domination, exploitation, and enslavement." 



i> 



I A 1 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , June 24, 1915* 

We are sure that such a radical irord. as "irreverent," used to describe 
the classes and bodies who do or try to lord it over others, has never before 
been uttered in a session in the opportunistic /Bio/ School Board of our 
city, and that among the teachers and ladies there were many who heard such 
daring language for the first time in their lives. We do not blame, a bit, 
the president and speaker of the Straz Osvojenych, Dr. Frantisek Iska, for 
being elated over the unexpectedly successful result of the action of the 
Straz Osvojenych. 

After the reading of the resolution, School Board member, Holpuch, made a 
motion that the resolution be received and filed for use at the first 
opportunity. The motion was supported emd the president announced shortly 
that there were no objections and the motion was passed. 

The success of the protest is complete, and all those who feel that £ui article 
eulogizing the German Kaiser does not belong in American textbooks may be 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOHSiaAI'T 

Denni IHas atel, June 24, 1915. 

fully satisfied. The article v;ill certainly be thrown out, and the "when" of it 
is just a question of time. A proposal to revise the textbook may now be made in 
any meeting, and the resolution of the Straz Osvojenych serve to have the flat- 
tering article about the Ilaiser eliminated. 



I A 1 a BCHEIJi^ 

I F 4 

Denni HI as at 3l , J\me 23, 1915, 

OUR I'AYOR ^ 

(Editorial) -^ 

r- 

IJayor Thompson is an able nan, a nan of good and sane judgment, and, we 22 

hope, also a clever politician. Therefore he should think twice before o 

disregarding Bohaaiun deiiiands, v.hethor they co3icern the "Kaiser" article of "«*> 

luTS, Young or any other iiiportant natter, lie may not alv/ays recoivo such j^ 

lar.:4e najorities as he did at the last elections in ^^pril, and it nay just so *'' 
happen, that it would be the Bohemian votes v/hich would save hiji — if he should 
get then. 



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IV" (German) 



I A 1 a BOHaiLAH 

Denni Hiasat el, June 21, 1915, 

SCHOOL BOI^BL ACTION ON "KAISER" ARTICLE {=Sr 

TO LEAD TO A BCHSIIIAN COIIPIAINT TO KAYOR tS^ 

?• 
The article about the German Kaiser, which is in readers now used ^i^ 

in our public schools is scheduled to be taken up by the School Board in its ^ 

meeting of June 17. ;-' 

c 

One of the queer things to which attention has been called by the war is the ^. 
fact that in one of the readers used by Chicago public schools there is an '"^ 
article about the Kaiser, According to the article, the Kaiser, in his youth, 
T.'as attending classes v/ith other young men and the teacher notified him secretly 
in advance, of the subject of an important examination soon to take place. The 
Kaiser, unwilling to take unfair advantage of his fellov; classmates, wrote the 
subject on the blackboard, so that the other pupils also would have the chance 
to study the subject more thoroughly. A eulogy is added to this little story 
to the effect that very few boys would have acted so noblj'^, a proof of the 
Kaiser *s sterling character, because of which he is unwilling to commit any 



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IV (Geman) 



I A 1 a ' 2 - BOEaiv'IAIT 

Denni HLasatel, June 21, 1915. 

misdeed. When attention was called to this article some time ago, '^S 
principally by the Bohemians of Chicago, Jos. A, Holpuch, a 'Ti 

member of the School Board, insisted tls.t the article be removed r- 
from the reader. School Superintendent Ella Flaeg Young stated 
that she had vrritten the article, and had it put into the reader because the 
article is of hi^ pedagogical value and the deed described constitutes an 
excellent example for all youth. After her statement, all the protests against 
the article which had reached the Board v/ere passed on to the Committee on 
School Management for action. 

V/ith particular regard to the statement made by the author of the article, the 
"Straz Osvojenych" (Guard of the Liberated) adopted unanimously a resoliition 
which ^n Bohemian translatio^ reads as follows: 

"Vi/hereas, One of the readers used in Chicago public schools contains an article 
dealing with a story from the school age of the present German Kaiser, a story 



3r 






I A 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIi\N 

Denni Hlaeatel. June 21, 1915. 



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rV (Gerinan) 



which may have a detrimental influence upon the healthy develop- 
ment of our youth because similar stories from the private lives of 
members of any reignine dynasty are, as a rule, fictitious and 
circulated only vdth the purpose of maintaining and spreading the 
idea that such persons are beings of a higher order who should be looked upon ^ 
xvith infinite admiration, servile obedience, and slavish devotion; and ^ 

"Vftiereas, The inclusion of such an article in a school reader is a violation of -C 
one of the foremost educational principles, according to which children should I^ 
be given nothing that could arouse in them a suspicion of the absolute purity S. 
of the character of their o;m teacher and teachers in general; and o 

"Vfliereas, The story brings out the fact that a teacher, desiring to ingratiate 
himself with one of his pupils because the pupil was a member of a royal family, 
divulged to him, in advance, the subject which was to be used for a coming 
examination; and 



I A 1 a - 4 - BOHanAII 

Denni Hlasatel . Jtme 21, 1915. 



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IV 


IV (German) 



5 



"Whereas, The confidence of the pupils in their teachers* 
justice, inrpartialitj'-, and honesty should not be subjected to 
a possible doubt, and the minds of the pupils should not be 
exposed to the possibility of such a deceitful and dishonest 
action on the part of a teacher; and 'p 

"Whereas, A child usually thinks more loglcallj'' than the person who put the S 

article into the reader, and the children could easily come to the conclusion p 

that what a princess teacher had done in the past is perhaps being done now ^. 

by their own teacher for children of rich and prorainent families; and -'^• 

"Whereas, There was added to the story an explanation based on completely 
perverted principles of moralitj'-, eulogizing the prince's act as manly, clean, 
and honest— although it is an act quite common and usual among comrades, and 
although, by it, the prince merely showed that he wanted to give the other pupils 
an opportunity to prepare themselves more thoroughly for the examination; and 



I A 1 a - 5 - BOHBI>IIAN 

Denni Elaaatel. June 21, 1915. 



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IV (Gerinan) 



"Whereas, The story eulogizes the action of a boy who has given 
his comrades an opportunity to profit by a deceitful deed, and 
alleges that it proves good character and a noble conception of 
impartiality, vrtiich may lead the children to the belief that it is (^ 
something honorable to impart dishonestly acquired information to one*s comrades ^^' 
and ,fz: 



<- 



"V/hereas, The article mentions religion to which attention should be paid in 
this age; and 

"Whereas, This age does not need any religion based on deceit or delusion, but 
does need an ideal religion of Truth and Humaneness which would not , by the 
grace of Ctod, divide the people into rulers and subjects who are destined to 
submit patiently to the rulers' domination, exploitation and enslavement; and 
finally 

"IVhereas, ?/e would also protest against the inclusion of such a story in the 



I A 1 a 


III B 2 


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IV (German) 



- 6 - BOHJailAN 

Deimi Elasa tel. June 21, 1915, 

reader if its hero were not the German Kaiser, because being 
freethinkin^ people we have no national bias but have the most 
ardent desire to see the people of all nations and countries 
w/orking in harmony tovreird the hi^est aims cf humanity; 

•'We therefore demand that the said reader be discontinued in our schools and 
that the principle be adopted that no such flattering stories taken from the 
private life of any member of a ruling dynasty, or from the lives of people e 

seeking special advantages because of their claim of higher birth or riches, be Lo 
ever included in the readers of our public schools." ^ 



15 



•t_-. 



This resolution was not only officially submitted to the secretary of the School 
Board, but was also, in special reprints, distributed to the members of the 
School Board, newspaper reporters and other persons present in the meeting room 
prior to the opening of the meeting. Tlie Germans had everything well prepared 
in advance. They submitted petitions of their own national council and also on 



I A 1 a - 7 - . BOHaiJIAIT 

Denni Elasatel, June 21, 1915, 



III B 2 


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IV (German) 



behalf of other German organizations to keep the article in the 
readers, and a member of the School Board, Mr. ^^nest Jj/ Kruetgen, 
who is also the president of a German organization, delivered a 
speech which was climaxed by these sentences: "Our only duty is to ^ 
consider whether or not the article is of pedagogic value. Since its pedagogic ^3 

value cannot be questioned I move that the article remain in the reader." ci 

I — 

The quoted resolution has proved the fallacy of this argument. After the ^ 
petitions of the Germans had been read, another German member of the School Board^ 
offered an amendment to Mr. Kruet^^en's motion to the effect that "because the •^~ 
whole affair is distasteful and because it is not in agreement v;ith President ^^ 
Vifilson's desire that we maintain an absolute neutrality, no more protests should i 
be read and no protests accepted in the future, and the whole matter considered 
as disposed of and closed". 

The motion, including this amendment, was unanimously passed. 

It should be mentioned that the whole couaaittee is \inder the absolute control of 



I .. 



I A 1 a - 8 - BOHEMIAN 

Deimi HLasatel, June 21, 1915 • 



III B E 


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17 


IV (Germn) 



the School Superintendent icho wrote the article. Some of the 
English-lancoiace newspapers reported rather ironically about 
this meetins, and one of them ( Journal ) published the deduction 
of the Straz Osvojenych in its Saturday issue and declared itself t^^ 
in absolute agreement v:ith their views. ^-^ 



It should be mentioned also that Mrs Flagg-Younei the author of the article, 
gave a sigh of relief when the meetinc voted th^t no more protests should be 
read, and thanked all members "of the cordnittee profusely and movingly: They 
had saved her reputation for writing and putting into readers nothing else but 
articles of high pedagogic value. Therefore she was satisfied, as were the 
Germans who irailked away proud of having kept the story of their Kaiser in 
American readers. 

Less satisfied, however, were the "protest ants" who, on their vjay out, could 
not suppress various remarks, and one of them (Mr.Tladimir A. Geringer} told 



5 



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IV (German) 



I A la - 9 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . J\me 21, 1915, 

the Committee openly that they had acted faithfully and exactly 
as their Kaiser woiild — in the manner of an autocrat and an abso- 
lutistic oppressor 1 

"^ 

After a report on this matter had been presented at the Friday meeting of the C 
Straz Osvojenych, a lively debate started in which mention was made of the fact p 
that the right of petition by citizens is being respected even in monarch! st ic , "^ 
reactionary countries of Europe, and that it is scandalotis that a serious and ^ 
well-founded protest submitted on behalf of at least ten thousand residents of ^ 
the city should be dealt with in such a shameful manner in America, Upon a cl 
motion offered by Dr. Frantisek Iska the meeting unaniiaously agreed to ask the 
llayor, who appoints the members of the School Board, whether he approves of 
such metliods and whether he accepts personal responsibility for the offensive 
lack of seriousness and consideration shovm by such methods. This question 
v/ill be asked the Mayor both in writing and orally by a special deputation. 



fVJ 

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17 (German) 



I A 1 a - 10 - BOHaOAN 

Dennl THagatel . Juna 21, 1915, 

The deputation will be headed by one or raore Bohemian aldermen 
and xvill appear before the Ifeyor next Tuesday. They will demand 

satisfaction which could be given by the Iiayor*a ordering the , 

School Board to read the full text of the resolution submitted ;^ 

by the 3traz Osvojenych at the Board* s next meeting on V/ednesday and to act ^^ 

on it hy at least puttin^: it "on file," that is by keeping it for future p 

reference when the general revision of the contents of the reader will come up t^ 

for consideration. g 

c: 



I A 1 a BOirayiT^^ 

Denni laasatel . LOar. 25, 1915, 
TH3 PH0P03:2)D SCHOOL LaGISLaTICN 
(Editorial) 



5> 



A number of legislative proposals have been subnltted in opringf ield, the "^ 

pui'pose of which is the introduction of far-reaching refoms in the school ^ 

system in our State, Some of these are of special importance only to parents -t 

of children of school age, but others are of interest to both such parents .^^ 

and all other citizens, o 

One bill provides for a higher school-age limit, and two bills deal with the . '' 
teaching of crafts in schools of Chicago and of other cities in our State in 
general. 

It is expected that all these bills will be strongly contested, particularly 
the latter ones, which have a large number of determined opponents who 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . MJsir, 25, 1915. ., 

maintain that the bill, if passed, will do more harm than good. Especially ^ 

undesirable is the bill providing for the so-called double school system ~ 

which is considered undemocratic, against all principles of American schools, :^ 

and, in addition to all this, a very expensive innovation, i,' 

The Chicaaro Federation of Labor has refused to support this bill because it '-' 
considers that it is directed against workingmen, and would give the control •■ 
of the schools into the hands of rich manufacturers. It would mean the creation 
of an entirely new school system, and lead to a class distinction between pupils 
of more wealthy parents who can send their children to college and university, and 
less privileged children who start v/orking after having acquired the prescribed 
minimum of school education. One speaker in the meeting of the Chicago Federa- 
tion of Labor in which these bills v^ere discussed, declared that the children 
of poor parents would be made to work while yet in school, and that a sharp 
distinction would be made between them and the children of well-to-do parents. 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHEI^LAIT 

Denni Hlasatel , liar. 25, 1915, 

No doubt it is necessary to start trade education in our schools, but the 
way the legislat\ire v/ould do it, by adopting Cooley»s proposal, is wrong 
and should be opposed by all citizens. 



I ;. 1 a B0ia2vII--aT 

III B 2 

pemii H lanatel, Ji:n. V, 1915, 

.ilElU-JL I-t'JPOHT OF 'ITS Il.TICIi 
7133X110 7!!DELA1TI 

To all friends of the I.latice Vyssiho Vzdelani (Council on Ilipdier .iJducation) I 
Tliis year the liatice has completed the eleventh year of its activities, and 
its executive coniriittee presents the foliowins brief report: 

Tlie i^atice Vyssiho 7zdel.j.ni rnale loans ainDuntin:^ to alnost vl»600 to ten 
students aurin^; the year 1913-1914, and at the berjinaiujof the year it v;as 
ready to loan then v2,400. However, no iicre than vl|600 was applied for by 
the students. The money v;as loaned to two students fron lovrci, two from 
Nebraska, and one student each frou Illinois, l.ichinan, ilinnesota, iJev/ York, 
North Dakota, and Texas. 

In the year 1914-1915, ^^2,500 v;as apportioned to the students. This was nece^ 
sary because living expenses are considerably hi.^^er this ye^ir than last, and 
the students seen unable to {^et alon^ on less than ,;250 a year. Therefore, 






-c 



O." 



la - 2 - D0H3.iI.ai 



-o 



III B 2 

Deim l rilo.sat 3l, Jan. 7, 1915. 

should the Ix,tice be in a position to conply v;ith requests for loans next 

year, it v;ill a^ain be necessary to turn to our friends for the support of ^ 

this inost aesorvinj: institution. ..e kno\; that the attention of all of us is '^ 

now concentrated on the tragic conditio is in the old country, but v;e knoxv also r^ 
that there are nan;,'' of us \,']io are in a position to do our national duty overseas -o 
and at ho;ne as v^-ell. /jid also, 'vve hope that all o^ar present raenber^ v;ill renev; o 
their nenberships during the coninj 3'ear. '<^ 

to 

■./e v/ish to use this opport^jnii;:' to stress the fact tiiat \7e riana;ie the money put 
at our disposal r.Tost euro fully, that v;e are doing all our v;oi^^ vriLthout any 
reinuneration whatsoever, even trying our ovm traveliuG expenses, ..e do not r;ive 
av;ay the rioncy, but rather loan it out. Cnce repaid, tiie riioney is loaned out 
again, and thus every contribution does perpetual service. ,<e are the only 
Bohe3:iian institution of this kind in Anorica, and if vre were fortunate enough 
to secure lar^e anounts for our purposes, the liatice Vyssiho Vsdelani could do 
ifluch :;»re for our j'-outli^s education than it can do nov;. 



tr 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni lUasatel , Jan. 7, 1915 • 



:> 
Our new supervisory coimnittee is composed of the follov/ing members: Mr. Robert .^ 

L. Pitte, Chicago; Mrs. Llilostiiia Bures, Omaha; and Mr, Frantisek Hrubeclcy, p 

Cleveland . '^ 

o 
For the executive coiomittee of the Miatice Vyssiho Vzdelani, F. A. Korab, ^ 

secretary. o 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

II B 3 

I C Dennl ELasatel. May 21, 1914* 

IV 

THE PRESSHT STSTHII OF GYMNASTICS THRSATENSD 

Certain members of our Board of Education are trying to change the system of 
gymnastics used in our schools* For the present system, which is also taught 
in our Bohemian Sokol and German Turner gymnasiums, and in which the use of 
many different kinds of apparatus is stressed, they wish to substitute the ^ 
Swedish system of g3^mnastics* This system has edready been introduced in .^ 
about four Chicago public schools "on trial," we are told» p 

This happened after the Board members James B* Dilbelka, Turner, E« W* Huttman, g 

John C. Harding, and C. 0. Sethness had been unjustly ousted by our mayor, and ^ 

after Chairman Reinberg had refused to recognize them as members of the Board ^ 

in spite of a court decision in their favor* ^ 

Charles S* Peterson, a Swede by birth and a member of the Board of Education, 
now chairman of the finance committee, is stressing the fact that no apparatus 
is needed under the Swedish system, and therefore under that system the cost 



I A 1 a - 2 - B0E5I.!IAy 

II B 3 

I C Dennf Hlasatel , May 21, iyi4. 

IV 

of outfitting and the upkeep of gymnasiums could be considerably reduced. 

Deacon V/. T. Sumner is supporting I'-r* Peterson. He is also one of the staunch ^ 
supporters of the School Superintendent, llrs. Slla Flag Young. 'p 

r— 

It is up to Boheinian Sokols and German Turners and all others v;ho believe ^^ 
in the value of our system of gymnastics to register their protests at the £ 
right time and place. ^ 

r J 



I A 1 a BQiia:i ui 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , May 6, 1914. 

DIBiilLK/l :n.-LL I'lO DOUBT HSSIffiT JUS !;n:i3:3:SIiIP > 

ON ThU CHICAGO 3CII0CL BO/ulD ^ 

!.'!r. Janes B. Dibelka, along with three otlier numbers of the Chicago ochool ;^ 

Board v/ho .vere unjustly ousted from menbership, ixave v;on their rights as S 

members and have received satioTaction through the due process of lav/. It iLo 

was announced yesterday, havaver, that Mr. Diballca vrauld resign, because he fi3 

considers it not an honor, but a disgrace to sit in a mseting v/ith such ruf- ''^** 
ficjis as some of the Chicago School Board ■lembers have shovm themselves to 
bo. 



I A 1 a BOHSMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr, 24, 1914, 

THE HARRISON TEGHJMICAL HIGK SCHOOL IS MOVE^G INTO 

A IffiW HJIIDIKG « 

:^ 

The students of the Harrison High School, of which a considerable percentage '^ 

are of Bohemian descent, are happy, because a fond wish of theirs has come -^ 

to a happy culmination — they are moving today from an addition to the Farragut 5 

School into the new and beautiful edifice at E4th Street and Marshall Boule- 2 

vard. ^ 

ro 

The new school is indeed a palace which any university would be proud to *^ 
occupy. Inside and out the building is perfect, and it contains everything 
that is necessary to induce a student to perform better work. 

Our Bohemian children attending the Harrison Technical High School will take 
advantage of the new facilities for education and character development which 
the school will offer. 



I A 1 a - 2- - BOHEMIAN 

Demif Hlasatel , Apr. 24, 1914. 

These students will strive for higher attainments and self -betterment, and 
they will endeavor to make themselves adherents of this great Anerican 
nation, and still conduct themselves in a manner v.'hich will carry credit to 
the nation from which they are descendedo 



o 



I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlaaatel , Apr, 18, 1914. 

IMPORTANT LBCTDRES AT THE CHICAGO TEACHBRS' COLLEGE 

A good deal has already been done for the Bohemian cause in this country by 
our pioneers, by our many institutions, and by individuals, who laid the 
foundations for further successes. But there is still much more for which 
we must strive and work, especially in the scientific and cultural fields. 

Therefore we should be delighted at the prospect that in the proposed series 
of lectures for students of the Chicago Teachers* College, vdiich in some 
respects is the largest of its kind in the United States and perhaps in the 
world, topics which refer to the people and country of Bohemia will be ^ 
included. ^ 

The Ceska-Americka Narodni Rada (Bohemian-American National Council) accepted 
the invitation of this institution (The Chicago Teachers* College) gratefully, 
because the Bohemians will be given a chance to represent themselves in an 
Important position. This series will be a center from which the light of 



CO 

CD 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 18, 1914. 

understanding for young America and a source of public appreciation in the 
future is to be disseminated* 

The credit for the recognition tendered us by this invitation belongs to the 
Narodni Rada, vHiioh throu^ all the years of its existence has tried consist- 
ently to place us among the important nations in this country in order that 
we may gain due recognition and not be slighted continually with silence, 
smirks, and insults. 



o 






Therefore, this matter is of great importance to us, and we hope that the 
Narodni Rada, feeling the great significance of the goal which is to be 
attained, will carry the plan through to a successful conclusion, and thereby D^ 
render a service to our Bohemian- American branch and to our nation. This is 
another success from which we can all draw a feeling of Joyous satisfaction. 



I .. 1 a BC::j.'I.JT 



T 



TT Donni Hl-y3:it3l, Dec. '^9, 191o, 



... meeting: callod by a citizens' coriraittoe Tor the rrui'poce of accuaint in.-: the 
general public v/ith the rmddled situation prevaiiinr nor; in. the Chic.. go Board 
of -iaucation v;as held yesterday aft rnoon, ?lie affairs of the Board have be- :s 
cor'.e iO cor.iplicated that a true picture of then, ;iver; by ::on vf:io :-::iov;, v.-as > 

also ercpoct d to be of imu.iut'l intsr3st to the Eoheni;:m P'lblic, "~ 

Tlie rr.oatir.-' had a fair att ::nia.r.ce, -.o tly men. ?l:e o v.aro juc.t a tov: ladio.3, :;;- 
It -as opened by !.r. John .\., Sohol, v/Iio -..-as elected chairnan, BarJcer Jan3S ?, i 
Sterir.a, and itj secr-t.ry ijr. C. 2a-.viruckor. 



r.r, 'ote-'ina briefly addressed the neetinr- a.ad re-r.vefjtod Kr, J, ji. Dibelka 
to inforr;! thoae present about the recent dci.i s in the Board of ;Jducation, 
;..r. Jibelka*s sp ech v.-as i.o.-.t int irostin,";. !Ie e::plained tiiat he nevar cared 
to bocoj.ie a ner.bcr of the Jchool .Board, and accepted the :-. ember ship only after 
ha*;ii-£ been txvice requoGtod to do so. He accepted it ;-cr.ov:in3 tl:at his ••;ide 






I -.1 g - r - g;":: ~.:: 

I .: 

TI DQnr.i l lla^va-el , Jec. "9, 19V6, 

experience in school rattors v;ould "Ut liir.: in a ;'~'03iti:'n to be of con3id,-;r.i- 
blo service to c;ur ::chools cuid tho v;holo scbool jvcten* T;:^on his nO''iin:',tion 
he '..'US rs^^uoited to si -n o. r3.:i:":naticn. Z'e v.* .s told* t.h :t the .-■i;;-nin7 of 
this rssi nation '..-iS jv:st . .:.-tt. r of for:!; t:i:at the rosi:'::v..tion '.;citld bo 
used o::ly in C-.;g of c^ trovrrsies r:.r.:.itiir- fro:. ;o.litical c". fforarice ;, .;ith 3E 
this under3t.-Lnclinc; ho at-DL;ch3d his si::.uturv3, :.o-. ev?.r, h3 v/ou^d nev.r h:ivo ^ 

sii:;iicd it had ha siispocted th-.it ho ■.■.s. ilvinf- his si -rv/.turo not to a ;:-in, "^ 

but to an ol-. v.'o:nun. <^ 

•Dien ho discusoou vor • t:;orou::hly tho v.'iiole .;c ool jystcr. and his :':~'-ny sad Li 

oicporieicoc -.."ith tlio school supc-ri:it3nuo:;t, irs, .illly ?lagc Yoijui^:. Ho pointed ^ 
out T.any f-^^.ults and mistaices of t];c syste:;., faults v.hich call loudly for in- 
prcver.r^nt, '..hensvor he t.l>:cd about then -..Itii l.rs, Yox;inc ho v;as cut short, 
.J.1 his efforts for ir.prove.v.ont shn'.tered on hor stubbornoss and Gl:;.:tinacy. 
lie call.d her ettonticn to the- troiici dous lossss of ti:ie in the schools b:' 
useloGs, iri.ractical tiiir.i s....'-e insisted or . r forr. in t ■iCi-ia.T deaf ;.,''.d 
riute chil;'.rer!. . , .but tlie "j.iost porfoct oducj.-'tor o'' yr\m'j people," l.rs. !!lln 



to 






I ■ 1 - .:: - 3 

T 

17 Dgnni i:iusatel. ])ec. ^9, 191o. 

Fla:;-; Youn--, vroiilfl not hear v;t "ill. . , .-jnd )\o rof or; :c v;oro ::ade vmtil tho 
v.1iole :r.ut . ■■•r h.d bocc-i2 a topic of iijcuosion i:: tho ;Ic:ily jrosn,,,, 

^Isrg follo/o a_j30lr::ii of t;l-c about '. r:» Tour.:'.';; G}:.;rt..Oi;i:' •.:, etc., •i.ich ^ 

ars irT-elev-.jit_jy' ^^ 

I — 
f— 

Bv Gloctinf; l.r. whoop to her orrico, ti..j fir-it jte^ ir- ^ne rii'ht direction ;i"^ 

v;as r.ale. rhe fact that he risi^riOu that office do:-s not ■'~ut an ond to ti.c ^^ 

v;ho3.o tuTfai:*, becaViSO tho jocor.d election ofl.v.z, 'louv- is ille -.1, ii- is a f- 

si2:n of :;ui:-rcliy rhich './ill nevor '-ot tli-3 sa-iCtion of the lav;.,.. c 

•• •• • cr» 



i 



I .-^ 1 a Bciis::!.^: 

I F 5 

IV Denni ::iar;atel . Doc. 16, 1913. 

AFFAII? DIBtiFla 

r.'r, J. 3. Dibelka, the Boher.ian member of the Chicago Board of /Education 
and one of the five menbern of the Board vrhose ouster v.-as effected by ^ 

^'avor Farrinon after the election of the ne:; chairman of th.e Board, sent ^ 

a letter to I.'ayor Harrison yesterday. In it he said that he (Mr. Dibelka) >-^ 
v;ould consider hin.nelf a member of the Board until his case -.vas .-^ibnitted p 

to the jud-^ent of irnrjartial norsons. :.:r. Dibelka v/as in l-eoria Saturday ^ 

and Sunday on business, and therefore could not join the other ousted r,e!n- g 

bers in their re^ly to the Tayor. For th^at reason, he made an individual 
reply yesterday, !:r. Dibelka, vfhorci the layor calls his political and 
personal friend, kids the I.'ayor ironically in his letter, :ind says that the S 
expressions used in the I'ayor's letter can be explained only by th^ fact 
that the nev: rems of the "petticorit craze" have already found their victims 
in the City Council^n allusion to the ex- superintendent of r)ublic schools 
in Chicarro, !.:rs. 311a Fla,':'^ Younrr, v.'ho vas defeated in the election^T". 



CAi 

o 
r\3 



I A 1 g - 2 - 3CII2r-:i.J! 

I F 5 

IV Denni I'lasatel . Dec. 16, 1913. 

T'r, Dibelka v/rites in his letter to the Tayor: "I huve knovm r^ou as a caln 
iMividual, and I cannot understand your thou';-htless action, ,]ven a 
Southern ^'e-ro ^-ets a chance to conies'^ his "uilt before he is lynched. 
But in this enlightened, effeminate, and sissified city, a man's ~ood nana 
can be destroyed in a '.-.'ay that ivould 'nake the I exican [guerrilla '.varfare 
aT)-r>ear to be like a Sunday school "icnic." 



' 5 



.!r, Dibelka states that he i.'^ rearjv to resi-^n fron the ^oard if an un'-reiudiced -^ 

jurj' finds that his accusations af-ain.'-.t !rs, Youn-: are unfounded "T^iis ^- 

jury is to be co'vposed of nine laenbers, three to be nominated by re, three c? 

by I.rs. Youn'", and three to he agreed xv^on by th.^ first six. If \ rs, Younc ^ 
succeeds in refuting ^y accusations, I sh^ll be ready to re.si.^-n r.y member- 
ship on the Tloard in shaTie and huniliation, '' he says in his letter. 

!.r, y)ibelka''^ accurations revolve around the follo-.-.dn'^ noints: Our ."rainnar 
schools are not -vhat they should be, ''rs. Youn-^'s adiiinistration is reaction- 
ary; it der'oralizes our teachers, and costs too nuch ''oney. Cur hi^lh schools 



I :. 1 a - 3 - BCi^:.i:.cT 

I F 5 

17 Denni in-isatel . Dec. 16, 1913. 

are the nost expensive delurions our taxnayers h-ive h?/l to face. '.'rf?. 
Youn:^ has been ^dilt-j of nolitical intri-nie, conducted for the purpose of 
tyin,'2; the City Council »3 hands. Che lackr the nualification;? of an 
executive officer. 



"r. Dibol?-a is ready to --rove tiiese accuoation'~ and to r.ialce then oi'i^-cific. 
^Te states that he is not tr^'in,~ to nuVe his fi-rht personal, but that lie is 
fi^htinr the reactionary syste"! maintained by '!rs. ".''oun,^. 



o 



o 



I A 1 a BCHEIJIAII 

I F 4 

III A Denni Illasatel . Sept. 5, 1913. 

II C 

TIE BEHira-I \IIC£ 

(iilditorial) 

The nev/ public school in Berv/yn v/ill bear the nai.ie of iCarel Havlicek /a ^ 

proninent Bohemian patriot of the early nineteenth centur^. This v/ill be the p 

first recognition of this kind our nation has received in Chicago suburbs. -^ 

It has been accomplished without the necessity of calling meetings, without to 

interventions, and v/ithout any noise v;hatever. They know hoiv to do it in ^- 

Berv-iyn. They elected a school board with a Bohemian majority and nov; they have o 

things their ovm v/ay. jjj 



I A 1 a . BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni HIasatel . May 10, 1913. 

BEAUTIFICATION OF SCHOOL Yi^DS 

Mr. J. B, Dibelka, a Bohemian member of the Chicago Board of Education, sub- 
mitted in yesterday's meeting of the Board committee on buildings and grounds 
a resolution aiming at the beautification of yards adjacent to public schools. 
The resolution was passed on to a specially appointed committee. Mr. Dibelka ^ 
stated that there is not a single decent-looking school yard in Chicago, and £7 
he proposed that the services of an expert, whose sole duty would be to keep ^ 
school yards in a fittii^, pleasant condition, should be secured. 2 

tjj 

'%:• 



2 



I A 


1 


b 


III 


B 




III 


A 




III 


H 




IV 







I A 1 a BOIELIAK 

D enni Hlasjte l. Jan. 19, 1913, 

FRUl. 11T2 PUBLIC SCHLCLS 
Professor Veleminsky Studies Air.erican Schools 

Our distinguished guest, Professor Karel Veleminsk:/ ^f the University of 
Prap:n_e7, recently began a thorou£'^i study of the Anerican public school system, 
in v;hich study he enjoys the v.'illing co-operation of local school authorities. 
School Superintendent Lrs, Ella Flagc Young brought the visit of the v;ell-knovm 
educator to the attention of school principals, and directed then to provide 
Dr. Veleninsl-Q.' v/ith all the inf ortiiation he desired and to facilitate his stud- 
ies in every res-nect, He is being accompanied on his visits by our school 
board members, ^^aroslav/ Zmrhal and /j, B_^ Dibelica, V/e do not doubt, 
therefore, that he is being v;ell taken care of. 

On Friday, morning and afternoon, the ',/illiam Penn School arranged a very 
fine little festival for its pupils. School Principal krs. Bertha Benson 
profited from the presence of Dr. Veleminsky, who was studying modern methods 
of instruction in her school, and asked him to address the numerous Bohemian 



la - 2 - BGli:LJ.AlJ 



I A 1 b 

III B 2 Dennl Hlasatel, Jan. 19, 1913. 

Ill A 

III II children who are the school's pupils. Tofrether v;ith Lr. E. S. 

IV Vraz, the president of the Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada (Bohemian- 
^unerican National Council), Professor Veleninsky was ^velcomed by the 

assembled Bohemian pupils of the higher grades v/ho sane the Bohemian national 
anthem for him in their ovm language. Then the Professor addressed the more 
than one hundred assembled pupils, explainin*^' the differences betv;een schools 
in the "United States and schools in Bohemia, and the various subjects taught 
over here and over there. He described the gay and cheerful spirit he 
found in the schools of the United States, and urged the students to love 
their nev; homeland, all the v;hile maintaining full appreciation for the 
language of their parents, using it at home and perfecting themselves in 
its knoY/ledge, Ivjr. Vraz addressed the teachers in the English language and 
thanked them for preparing this pleas;int occasion, and urged the children to 
grow up to be good Americ-^.n citizens. 

In the ; fternoon, two hundred and fifty of the youngest pupils were called 
to the school assembly hall. Professor Veleninsky recommended that they 



I A 1 a - 3 - B0}IEI.1IAI^' 

I A 1 b 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 19, 1913, 

III A 

III -H study and educate themselves with full seriousness, and that they re- 

IV quest their parents to keep them in schools just as long as possible. 
The school principal and teachers took exemplary care in arranging for 

Professor Veleminsky's visit. They prepared an exhibit of the school's 
handiwork, the best of which, along v;ith a group photograph of the pupils, 
was presented to him as a souvenir. They also saw to it that Prof. Velerainsky 
received a thorough idea of the school's work by arranging the day's program 
so as to make it as diversified as possible. 

Through the kindness of I.Ir, Dibelka and Professor Zmrhal, Professor 
Veleminsky was also received by other schools. He attended the gymnasium 
classes of our Mr. Joseph Cermak at Iledill High School, and the classes 
in the Bohemian language at Harrison Technical High School. In the club 
of Bohemian students of this school created by the efforts of the teacher 
of Bohemian language, Mr. a, Krai, the Professor entered the discussion and 
again urged the young people not to permit their affections to becom.e 
estranged from their native tongue. 



1 a Bo:-~2.:i.ir: 



-o 



I L 

17 Denni Hlasatsl . Xov. 8, 1912. 

;iK AGHICiniTUR-J. SCHOOL IX CHIC.IGC 

The Bohemians in Chicaf'o leavs traces of their v/orlc everywhere. Their aim 
is to assure a good name for their nation and help in developing the great 
community of vmich they are an i.T:portant part. Ariong our count ryisien ^vho hold -^ 
hicli positions in public life and v/ho put forth their best efforts to add to -^ 
the recognition and prestige of Bohemians in Chicago is !.'j?, J. B. Dibelka. "t" 

-o 
In one of the recent meetings of the Chicago Board of Education, of viiich he 2 
is a me/aber, I'r, Dibel'ca proposed the establishment of an agricultural school Lo 
in Chicago. He succeeded in justifyin.:: his proposal both in the meeting of the S 
Board and in the meeting of sciiool principals, and there is little doubt that ■^ 
an agricultural school v;ill be established in Chicago very shortly 



I A 1 a BCIIiXJT 

I A 1 b 

r/ Demii la.isatel . July J:8, VJ12, 

Bohaaians Live in /JlI '.iarCls of Chicago 

...t the last rieetin.^ of the School Board, a report of the Gchool census v;as 
presented, accordinr;: to './hich GhicaGO nov; has 2,J81,7C"" inhabitants. 



nie school census, vvhich v;as under the direction of Lr. ■./illi;ui L. Eodine, ^ 

shoTi/s taat in Chicago there are 3o2,516 persozjs v/ho have not -jet reached -c 

maturity; of these 44o,854 are i.uale and 4o3,uol; are fenale. o 



Bohenians are l.isted as havin.;;^ 3, 665 foreicn-bom and 42,745 .j.ieri can-bom 
persons unler t'.;enty-one years of ace. 



We hereby express our th:.uil:s for these reports to our Bohemian school 



C7I 



I A 1 a - S - DOii;i .1.-2: 

I A 1 b 

IV Deim i masatol , July 2B, 191?>. 

conriissioner, I.r. J» E. Dibolka, v;Iio v/as so l:ind as to furnish us v/itli a copy 
of this detailed school census reiort, Lr. Dibolka is a nenber of several 
iru'Ortant com .ittoes iii tlie Board of j^uucjtiori. He is a laa-.iber of the reil- 
es'-.ate corudttee, cxiaiman of tiis co:.: .ittee on vocational tnanin-j courses, 
etc. . I.r. Dibelka v/orlced for the introduction of the Boher.iian liai£;uage as a 
course of study in tho Chlcaeo hi^-xi schools. He infonus us that teaching of 
the Boher.iian lani-ijuafie will be started in tv;o hi^h schools after the sanii:ier 
vacation. Teachers of the Bohei.iiai. lan^uaco "..'ill be appointed next month. 



so 
o 

o 
cn 



I A 1 a BOHE?aAIT 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 c (2) Denni laasatel . June 15, 1912. 

BOHSf!IAN CHILDREN COI.TLIlvTHrvTSD Ff SlIB']RIl^T7S?IDSriT 
OF THE CHICAGO HJBLIC SCHOOLS 

Yesterday* s Record-Herald , under the heading "I.Irs. Ella Flagg Young Speaks," 
carries a notevrarthy article for us Bohemians. Frcn this flattering report ^ 
we have selected the following: 



3> 



"The end of the school semester in the Howland School was celebrated in fes- '-' 

-o 

tive style by the presentation of six performances of two plays depicting g 

scenes from the life and history of the Bohemian people. Five hundred of "r- 

the sixteen hundred boys and girls attending the Howland School are of o 

Bohemian origin. This year's June festivities at this school, v;hich is a Si 

pioneer of work and play of this nature, are comparable to a kind of gift 
by the Bohemian children to their non-Bohenian fellow pupils. This R.ift 
consists of two plays based upon Bohemian ideals, embellished with dances 
and costumes of the old native land. Taking part in these plays v;ere more 



I . 


. 1 a 




II 
II 


3 1c 
3 1c 


(1) 
(2) 



- 2 - 30I:Z.1^: 

Denni :ls;;atel . Tune 15, 1912. 

than Giz hundred boys and girls, -xz a result of this, not all of thone partici- 
pating;: were Bohenians. Kany non-Bohe^iian children assisted and v/orked hand 
in hand v;ith their friend r, of foreic:;n orip;in, 

"The first play, "Z,laty I'rar.en," (The Golden 3prin£^) v/as in one act, and the ^ 

stoT^r upon which it was based .-as translated fron the Boheraan laa'^ua.^e by ^ 

Tana 7o Jan. The principal of the school, :..rs. .-jnelia Dxmne Hoolc/;ay, drana- ^: 

tized the story, and in addition to the dialoj^ue and son^s, the children ^' 

learned the "Beseda," a Bohemian national dance, so as to rive the entire pc 

production a somev/hat ^Picturesque atmosphere, ^ 

Ca.' 

cr 

"The second play was called "Jlepy Krai" (Tlie Blind Kinj;) . This play ivas ^ 

interspersed v;ith many sonr;s and 'lO'ipous marches, r.ictures, and important 
happenin-s of Bohemian history of the fourteenth century'-. The travels of 
the blind Kim^ John of Luzenburp; anionp: his subjects, Libuse's (^ Bohemian 
Princess) ■•^reat efforts for the emancipation of Bohemian womanhood, and 



- I A 1 a - 3 - BOHWMTAN 

II B 1 c (1) 
' II B 1 c (2) Dennl Hlasatel . June 15, 1912. 

other highly dramatic events were portrayed in settings of picturesque luxury. 

"Mrs. Slla Flagg Young was present at one of these performances, and at its 

conclusion she addressed the young actors Mong other things she said, 33 

"In regard to these plays and singing in connection with school work, I ^ 

would say that your children will master their regular school work in half j: 

the time if school woric as a whole affords them some enjoyment." ^ 







r^5 



I 



t 



I A 1 a B0HSIJI.4N 

III B 2 

17 Denni Hlasatel. Mar. 11, 1912. 

TH2 STRUGGLS FOR THS BOHEi.II^J LANGUAGE 

That v;e Bohemians cannot accomplish anything without a struggle was proved 
again in a concrete manner recently. Last December when the secretary of the 
Ceska- Araerickd Narodnl Rada (Bohemian-.imerican National Council), Professor 
Jaroslav J. Zmrhal, secured the aid of Superintendent of Schools Mrs. Slla 
Jlagg Young for the Bohemian cause, especially for the introduction of the 
Bohemian language in the high schools, it seemed that at least once> we accom- 
plished something without bitterness and strife. Hov.ever, although ordinarily 
the recommendation of the Superintendent of Schools in educational matters is 
the deciding factor, the recommendation pertaining to the Bohemian language 
met with opposition on the part of Ivlr. Bennett, vice-president of the Board 
of Education, who demanded that the entire matter be laid over to the next 
meeting of the Board. It v;as not, of course, the intention of the majority 
which brought about the postponement, but the v/ell-knovm rules of courtesy 
according to v.hich any member of the Board can succeed in postponing or bring 
about the reconsideration of any matter by merely expressing a desire for sue 






A 



la - 2 - BOHSLIL^J 



III B 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel. Mar, 11, 1912. 

action. IJrs, S, Jlagg Young reassured the Ceska-.-waoricka Narodni Rada that 
she would not allow the matter to be forgotten. 

The impatience of the Bohemian people and the doubts so often expressed were 
fully unjustified. As we have stated over and over again in our reports, our 
cause is in good hands and has been practically decided since last December 
when the secretary of the Ceskd-iimericka Narodni Rada received an oral and 
later a. written assurance from Mrs. Young that the whole matter would be 
favorably settled. 

However, the fleskd-Americka Narodnf Rada, though pleased with the stand of 
so important a worker as the superintendent of Schools, was well-aware of the 
need for convincing the other members of the Board of Education. The Narodni 
Rada sent special letters to the Board members in which the importance and 
merit of the whole matter was briefly but comprehensively explained, lifter 
several conferences, Professor Miller agreed to write in favor of the Bohemian 
cause from a sociological point of view to the chairman of the Committee 




I A 1 a - 3 - BCHSMIriN 

III B 2 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Liar. 11, 1912. 

ISducation, LIr. VJ, Sui:ii.ier, He could take that liberty because he is personally 
acquainted v/ith Mr. Summer, and th,:; word of a sociologist always means a 
great doil to LIr. Summer. Also, there was individual action within the Board 
itself, where our Bohemian roprasontative, I>Ir. James Dibelka, strove success- 
fully vfith genuine determination for our cause. 

The result of this activity was that our cause met with favor on the part of 
the Committee on Education, and that the president of the Board of Education 
together v/ith several other members promised in vnriting to support our cause 
when it came up for consideration. 

The entire matter is now postponed to the next meeting when, according to all 
indications, it will be approved. The Ceska-ximericka Narodni Rada will not 
stop working feverishly and energetically until the matter is decided. 



iUl 



m. 



I A 1 a 



EOISI'IAN 




Denni Hlasatel . July 27, 1911. 

NOTICE TO BCHa>!IAK STUDSKTS 

The Council for Higher Education at this time is accepting applications 
of Boheriian students of both sexes who have talent and desire to con- 
tinue or complete their studies, but do not have the means to achieve 
their aims, A sum not exceeding two hundred fifty dollars for each 
school year will be loaned on a pledge of honor, without interest, to 
such students who meet the requirements prescribed by the regulations 
of the Executive Committee of the Council for Hirher Education. . The 
requirements are published here, and we urge everyone who thinks of 
making application should read them. They are: Candidates, of both 
sexes, must be of Bohemian origin, have a knowledge of the Bohemian 
language, and the sentiment of a Bohemian, must lead a proper and moral 
life, and show the necessary capabilities for studies at a higher school 
of learning. Applications are accepted from those only who lack the 
necessary means for independent study. Further, the candidate must have 



I A 1 a - 2 - EOHS!:iA]^T 

Denni Hlasatel . July 27, 1911, 

a certificate of graduation from an accredited High School or other 
school comparable to it. The petitioner, in his application, will make 
known at which of the schools approved by the Council for Higher 
Education he wishes to study, after '.irtiich the student must comply v/ith " 
the entrance requirements of said institution and complete successfully 
at least a half year's work at the institution v/here he will use the 
loan, or p-ive proof that comparable work v;as completed at some other 
school. The applicant will agree to complete the full Collegiate Course 
and consent to have the management of said school make reports occasion- 
ally to the Executive Committee about the student's progress. Special 
studies such as medicine, law, pharmacy, art, music, voice, theology, 
business and like subjects, are not included in the Collegiate Course. 
For that reason, loans are not made to students of these courses. 

Students should take notice especially of the absolute necessity for 
thorough preparation, and completed preliminary education in English 




I A 1 a 



- 3 - 



BOEEr^IATT 



Dennl Hlasatel . July 27, 1911, " 

grammar, because all higher schools lay stress upon this subject, and 
the student should sense the importance of a complete grammatical 
knowledge of the language which is used exclusively at all lectures 
in this country. In many cases, Bohemian students prove to be weak 
in this subject, some of them even fail in various subjects as a 
result of insufficient preparation in English, therefore, the Executive 
Committee is forced to lay greater stress upon this requirement. 
Applications from students are made on special forms which are fur- 
nished to each applicant. They must be in- the hands of the Executive 
Committee before September 1, 1911. Applicants should furnish the 
names of countrymen, teachers, or professors, who can give a report 
about the applicant and recommend him. All communications should be 
sent to the assistant secretary: John Stepan^^ . Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 
For the Council for Higher Education: B. Simer., president. P. A. 
Korab, secretary. 




I A 1 a BCHii;:!.^ 

II B 2 f 

Denni JLasatel , I lay 4, 1911. 

3CK..0L OF ia-yOLlSII 
(.i.dveitise::.cnt ) 

You v;ill learn to spca'.v, read, and vrcite the "lilnslisii liair;uage quicker and nore 
easily in Joukup's ichool of i^n^lish, located at 1646 ..est ICth otreet. You 
nay ar^'ange for private instruction, or attend snail clasaeG v;.;.iGa is u great 
convenience for you. Tuition for sucii instruction is v^ry ..lOderate. l.'ew 
pupils are still bein^ accepted, .-vnyone vmo does not kno;. JCnglisa is lost in 
^erica, ior tli .t reason, dj not delay in tao least, but apply irn.iediately 
anj'' afternoon or eveiiinr';, or Simduy iiorning. 




I A 1 a " BOHKMTAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 20, 1906. 

ANNUAL REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE 

COMI^ITTEE OF THE /ASSOCIATION FOR 

HIGHER EDUCATION 

The executive committee of the Association for Higher Education takesthis -o 
opportunity to present its customary annual report on the activities and _^ 
condition of the Association, r; 

First, the committee expresses its pleasure at the increase in membership S 
of the Association; between February 1 and July 9 fifty-six persons applied ^— 
for membership. 

During the year, all the business of the Association progressed quite satis- 
factorily. Loans were made to thirteen students; these loans are classified 
according to the institutions: Iowa State University, two; Iowa State Normal 
School, two; Iowa State Agricultural School, one; Nebraska State University, 
one; Nebraska State Normal School, one; Texas State ^igricultural School, two; 
Case School of Applied Science, in Ohio, two; Northwestern University, in 



CO 



I A 1 a - 2 - BOHEI>IIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 20, 1906, 

Illinois, one; University of Chicago, one. 

There are two girls among these students. All the students are doing well 
and send favorable reports of their progress to the committee. The committee ^ 
takes pleasure in announcing that t-wo wards of the Association have com- 5 
plated their studies this year and received their diplomas, ^r^ 

r- 

More precise details on finances are given in the reports of the treasurer -a 
and secretary, v/hich were recently published. The committee, however, calls o 
attention to the follovdng table of receipts and loans covering the Associa- "^^ 
tion*s whole period of existence. This list has been compiled according to S 
states: ^ 

Receipts Disbursements 

lovja 12,160.53 .^975,00 

Ohio 753.70 700.00 

Nebraska 488,26 520.00 

■.Wisconsin 399.80 210.00 

Texas 35,00 885,00 

Illinois 248,50 630,00 



I A 1 a - 3 - BOHSMIaN 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 20, 1906. 

Receipts 

New York ^445.00 

L:issouri 560,16 

Llaryland 187 . 00 

California 110.00 ^ 

Llinnesota 95,00 > 

Michigan 75.00 '^ 

Kansas 15,00 <Z 

South Dakota 50,00 gg 

Oklahoma 35,00 2 

Massachusetts 25,00 ^ 

New Jersey 22,00 

Pennsylvania 25.00 

The executive committee takes the liberty of calling the attention of lodges 
and individuals in various states to Article V, Paragraph C of the Association's 
constitution, according to which the committee must see to it that where 
cases are equally deserving, loans are divided among the states in proportion 



en 



3» 



I A 1 a - 4 - BOHTO,tIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 20, 1906. 

to the total receipts from them. No applicant who was able to comply with the 
requirements of the Association has been refused aid. However, it might easily 
happen that the committee would be forced to govern itself according to the 
above-mentioned paragraph. For instance, from the entire state of Texas, the 
Association has received thus far a total contribution of only ^35, while a 
total of ^885 in loans has been made in that state. On the other hand, the 
states of New York, Maryland, Llissouri, etc., \rtiose contributions have been f= 
fair, have not received a single loan, and the committee has not received a -^ 
single application from these states which complied with the requirements of 3 
the Association. Therefore, it v.'ould be advisable for the lodges and our 2 
fellow countrymen in states like Texas, to contribute more liberally to the ^ 
Association if they wish to preserve for their young people the advantages 
which they now enjoy. In states like New York they should make better use of 
the advantages to which they are fully entitled. Surely there are enthusiastic 
and capable youths in those states who are in need of this aid. They should 
apply for it. 

Aside from the work in connection with loans, the committee has done a great 
deal of its usual work, such as giving advice, explaining things to those who 






I A 1 a - 5 - BOHELIIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Jept. 20, 1906. 

intend to devote themselves to higher education, and urging our youth to 
take up more advanced study. This work has proved very useful. To a certain 
extent, at least, the results of this activity are obvious in the increased 
number of Czech students in the universities, especially in the state univer- 
sities of Nebraska and Iowa, and in the organization of literary societies 
among the Czech students at these two universities. Besides this work, it 
is often necessary to give advice and encouragement to the wards of the Associ- 
ation. This is the main responsibility of the members of the committee. 

All this work takes much labor, time, and material sacrifice. The members of 
the committee themselves paid for incidental expenses in order to avoid 
drawing upon the treasury of the j^ssociation. 

The committee concludes its report ;vith an appeal to the public for continued 
and energetic support of this noble undertaking. 



I A 1 a BOH^IMT 

II B 2 f 

IV Dennl Hlaaatel , Jan. 21, 1905. 

CISTBTWISH^ BOH^iaAN TIIACJIFI^ 

In recognition of his untiring activities amonsr his countrymen, the Bohemian 

citizens of Chicago, ?.!r. Jaroslav Zmrhal, a teacher at the Farragut School, ^ 

24th Street and Spaulding Avenue, was awarded a scholarship to the University 5 

of Chicago by the Colonial Dames of America Society, Mr. Zmrhal won his -Ti 

position as a teacher through his own diligence. After his arrival in America r~ 

he had to learn the "English language like any other immigrant. Afterwards he -o 

taught in the lower schools, and attended evening lectures at the University o 

of Chicago, Later, wishing to become more useful to his countrymen, he sacri- i^ 

ficed the University lectures and dedicated himself to the development of an § 
evening school for his countrymen. His activities were noticed by the University*^ 
Settlement leaders, and it was upon their recommendation that he was awarded the 
scholarship mentioned above. 






■'-.Or 



I A 1 a BQHgmAN 

17 

Dennl Hlaaatel , Jan. 17, 1904. 

APPOINTEa) DIRECTOR 

Mr* J. 6. Dlbelka, an architect known in all our circles, iras appointed 
principal of the so called apprentice-school. This school is maintained by 
the Board of Education and is attended by apprentice brick-layers, carpenters, 
and stone-masons. At the present time the school has 130 pupils, i^o come 
under the supervision of the Master Builders Association. The Association 
sees to it that the pupils attend the school regularly. Drawing, writing, 
reading, correspondence and Job-estimating are taught and the pupils acquaint 
themselves with' the political management of this country and learn how to keep 
books. Among the teachers active at this school, there is also another Bo- 
hemian, Ifr* lAinnak. There are several Bohemians among the students, Hie 
school premises are located on Division and Sedgwick Streets. The appoint- 
ment of Mr. Dibelka to the responsible office of this school, is a recognition 
of his ability and knowledge, which he will surely make use of for the good of 
his wards* 



I A 1 a 13 OiEMAN 

I F 3 :S 

Denni Hlasatel , June 1, 1901. r^ 

REeCLUTIOK o 

A resolution adopted in the meeting of "C. H, P. f., Grand Lodge," (Czecho- i'^ 
J:lovak Benevolent Lociety), at Chicago, liay 30, 1901, ic?t 

-Taereas, Carter H, Harrison, l.ayor of the City of Chicago, in accordance with 
the law will reappoint some members of the School Board of Chicago, whose terras 
have expired, and 

V/hereas, the Grand Lodge of the "C. S. P. r.," of the £tate of Illinois, repre- 
sented in such an ii porxant office, and 

'./hereas, our honorable nayor. Garter H. Harrison, has previously honored our 
nationality with such representation, be it 

I:esolV©d, that our fellow citizen, Christian I-^, »«alleck, who during the past 
four years, with dignity, honor, capability, and to the utmost satisfaction 



the City of Chicago, 



5 



I A 1 a - 2 - bohe:.;ian 

I F 3 

Denni Hlasatel , June 1, 1901. 

of our Bohemian inhabitants, has represented us, be again recommended for "^ 
appointment as member of the iioard, anu be it further .C' 

sn 
Resolved, that this resolution be published in three Bohemian aailies, and a S 

copy of the resolution be sent to the Honorable Carter H. Harrison, layor of to 






Resolution Comrjittee of the Grand Lodge of the ttate of Illinois: £. J. Halik, 
J. P. Zelenka, Karel Toman, John A. Silha, Dr. Vaclav r.oth. 



I A 1 a The Chicago Daily Tritime , April 15, 1901. BOHEKIIAN 

III C 

I A 2 a BOHEMIAl.^S OBJECT TO PROPOS'CP SCHOOL LAWS 




LARGE MEETING HELD IN ST. PROCOPIDS HALL, RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED, 

AiO) COMMITT:..!. APPOIOTED TO LOBBY. 



A meeting of Bohemian Catholics was held in the school hall of St. Procopius 
Church, 18th and Allport streets, yesterday to protest against the hill for 
free text books to the public scho'ls, and the bill denying to Colleges with 
small endowment the right to grant degrees. 

Resolutions were adopted am a committee was appointed to call on members of 
the Chicago Board of Education and members of the Legislature and ask the 
defeat of the bills. 

There was a 1' rge attendance at the meeting. It was called by a committee 
composed of the Rev. Procopius Nauzil, the Rev. John Ocenasek and the Rev. 
Charles Kohlbeck. Among the speakers were Theodore B. Thiele, Albert Janda, 
Casper Stech, the Rev. Valentine Kohlbeck and Theodore Thiele. 






-2- 



I A 1 a The Chicago Daily Tribxxne . April 15, 1901. BOHSMI^ 
III C 
I A 2 a 

The speakers contended that if the school Board could furnish the rich 
people with free text books, the money shoxild be used to equip school buildings 
where the Bohemian children would be benefited by them. At the present 
time, a ntunber are unable to attend school on account of the limited 
accomodations. The bill, restricting the right to give to colleges having 
$100,000 or more endowment, would destroy several Catholic institutions, 
it was stated. 

The committee appointed to work against the bills was composed of ex ^Iderman 
Frank Meek, J. Joseph Malcak, and ?.rank Suhrada. 



1 I A 1 a BOHE?^IAN 

Ill c (German) ^-'-l i-^t' 

PR0T3ST IIEETING OF BOHEI'IAIT CATHOLICS ^^^.-^^ 



1 III C Der.ni Hlasatel , Ar^ril 15, 1301 fc Vi'-. c'j 



; 



Bohenian Catholics held a protest meeting on All^ort Street, yesterday afternoon, 
condemning the -croceedings of the Chicago Board of Education which decided that 
various school books "be issued free of cost to all children up to the fourth 
grade. They also condemned the hill ^resented in the State Legislature, v;hich 
states that no college should have the right to ^rant diplomps xonless it has 
$100,000 capitsil. The Drovision for more State High Schools, and the trans- 
portation of crit)riled children v/ho otherwise would be unable to attend, was 
also condemned. Catholics judge that enr.ctr.ent of these laws will destroy the entire 
group of their schools. 

The meeting was called to order by I'r, Janda, following v;hich officers were 
elected: Chairmaji, V, Lala and Secretary, Joseph Krai, 

I'r. Lala had a few words to say in exrlanation of the purrose of the meeting, 
namely, that as citizens and not only a^^ Catholics, we should protest against 
the proposition by which school books would be issued to all children free of cost. 




BOHEI.aAH 



Dermi Hlasatel . April 15, 1901 

"How many are there of our 'Eohemian taxpayers who send their children to High 
Schools? They rre few, ana corisequently this law is riot for us, Init for the 
rich. However, the roor working nen must pay for it," (in this Mr, Lala is 
mistaken, because the School Bor-rd decided th;^t hooks are to be issued free of 
cost, only in the elementary or grammar schools, to pupils up to the fourth 
grade, auid not to pupils in the Hi^h Schools), "For exajrrole," he continued, 
"when a child f;;oes to school for the first time, v;hether to a Cntholic or 
loublic school, every mother in order that the child may not tear his book, 
sews it into a cloth cover. However, with children of wealthy fanilies it is 
different. Do you think that' they also would Tirotect these books in such a 
m<anner? Oh, neverl - they would tear them all the more because the richer the 
child is, the more wasteful it is, V.I.0 is ^oing to r)ay the most towards this 
exre.ise? Ferhaios the rich man. Oh, neverl - the inoor man, the oocr taxpayer 
must nay for thid', Mr, Lala toward the end of his sr^eech said, that he thinks 
there is some boodle in the entire proposition. 



Theodore B. Thiele, who is the Chairman of the Vigilance Committee of the 
Federation of Gerran Ca.tholics, who also are protesting aga-inst these 
■nroT'oaition^, sr)oke to those nresent, in English to be sure. 



-3- BOHEMIAN 






Denni Hlasatel , April 15, 1901 .,;; ^ 

. Vr 
-// 

As soon as he finished, a committee was selected, cor.rosed of Mr, Souhreda, ^'.-.^ 
A, f!alcak, Fr, Meek, J, Peklo and Mr, Kralovec, which v/ill visit State 
Representative Cyril Jandus, and request him to work for the defeat of the bill 
presented in Sprinsrfield, The following resolutions were adopted: 

In view of the f ict that there is at present "before the State Legislature, a 
proposition havin,? for its aim the distribution of school books, free of cost, 
to all c}\ildren attending public schools: 

In viev/ of the fact that should this proDosition become a law, taxes would be 
increased ajid new burdens forced upon the taxpayers: 

In view of the fact that this proposition is \inreasonable, dishonest and thriftless: 

In view of the fact that another proposition would confiscate the public rights 
of all institutions of higher learning which did not have rich endovments: 



-4- BOHm!IAJT 

Dennl Hlasatel, April 15, 1901 



r^ m. 



,- 4 

Be it resolved, that we Boherian taxpayers, most decidedly protest against ''^:^if^ ^' 
these proT^ositions. 

Resolutions Committee: 

Messrs V. Lala, Jos. Krai, J. ITeuzil, 
J. Safrajiek, Siroky, Plachetka, Slama, Koiikal, Zak. 



I A 1 a 
III C 
I C 



30E2f.:iAlT 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 14, 1901. 

0?iX)SI^riOII TO 'JrU IU:1 SdiGOL DL'/S, 




An ardent campairpi is being ar^itated anions the Bohemian Catholics, in oppo- 
sition to the new school laws which have been proposed in the State Legislature, 
A meeting of Bohenian Catholics, which is to take place in the St. Prokop par- 
ish school, 18th and Allport 3ts. has been called for this afternoon. The 
meeting and its purpose will be announced, during the morning services, in all 
local Bohemian Cathclic Churches, This movement is already in full force among 
the German Catholics. Among others, Theodore B. Thiell, chief director in this 
battle, on the part or the CJeman Catholics, •.'dll speak at the meeting this 
afternoon. The Catholics ai-e opposed to the placing of various schools under 
State suijervision and also to t:ie distribution of school books, free of cost, 
to all children. 



* 



STomoflt . June 17, 1898* 

I A 1 a _ BOHEMIAN 

■~ ^CHEMIAN STOHENTS RECEIVE DEGREES AT 

NOR!IHWESTERN COUMENCEUEl^ 

The closing of the school year was celebrated yesterday at Northwestern 
University. 

In the academic department, V. K. Proula, Bohemian, received a diploma 
of Bachelor of Arts and Anthony Liska, Bohemian, has a diploma as a 
chemist. 






I A 1 a BOHEMIAN 

Svornost, June 25, I89I '' !^ 

.,'-••■ - BOHMim GRADUATES ' C 

Graduation exercises were held at the Goodwin Grammar School yesterday, Dinlomas sc 

were awarded to the pupils who completed the studies. Among those grs^uated i- 

and now eligihle for admission to the Hi^ School are nine TJupils of Bohemian o 

parentage. '^ 



I A 1 a BOFTTOIAN 

SYomoBt , June 27, 1890* 

HIGH SCHOOL CS2A£KJATES 

Among the graduating pupils of the West Side High School is Tladimir Gerlnger, 
the son of the publisher of STornost . He completed the high-school studies 
with exceptional success and will enter Ann Arbor after the summer vacation 
to take up the study of law. Another Bohemian who successfully completed the 
high school course is William Hrdlicka. 



X D *f V XS^i^ 

STomoat. Jaa« 8, 1890* *^ 1^A ^1 



/CSTLDRSlii SHOULD BE SBNT TO SCHOOl/ 



-.^c/ 



The State of Illinois hps experienced considerable difficulty in forcing the 
■foreign-horn in sending their children to school. 'hen asked vrhy thej did 
not send their children to school, they would reply that they had no money 
or clotnes to send the children to school with. "I'aen thai was furnished they 
still did not send them. 

Finally l/.rs. Axford, r woman with r twelve year old "boy, whom she refused to 
send to school f^ter repeated orders, was m?de an exa^rple of. She vr^s hronght 
"before the judge, fined $20.00 and forced to send the hoy to school. This 
example ^^ade the other recalcitrant parents take notice and as a consequence 
the school was crowded on the following- day. 

The law is that all children must attend school form the ages of 7 "to lU. 
Heretofore, small children were sent to factories and lot of them had no 
schooling at aJ.l, leavin^; them illiterate. The English language is taught 
in all schools, whether they he secilar or puhlic and all children should 
he given an opportunity to acquire an education. 



I A 1 a - BOHELIIAN 

I V 

Svornost, .'ept.lO, 1885. 
BOAIID OF EDUCATION. 

• 

All members of the Board were present at yesterday's meeting. After deciding 
many business issues, the members of the Board began the election of the ofi'icers 
for the coirdng year. l»ir, Clark proposed the renomination of the present chairman 
Doolittle. Lr. Nichofl' proposed our countryman, Hdolf Kraus, as chairman; many 
other members in their short speecnes declared -neir approval to .he proposition, 
proving the great confidence in our countryman. Imny members publicly stated 
that the Bohemian Kraus was experienced in educational problems and will fulfill ^ 
the duties of his office very successfully and to the fullest satisfaction of the^^ 
City of Chicago, Both candidates had their followers among the members of the 1= 
Board. C 



S 



The result of the voting was undecided, uoolittle obtained five votes and uraus, 2 
seven; the second vote was postponed, and the election of other officers g 

§ 



accomplished. 



- 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 
I V 

Svornost, Sept, 10, 1885. 

Then followed the second vote for chairman; this time the i:>ohemian, Adolf Kraus, 
was elected chairnan with a majority of votes. ^ 

liVe certainly can be proud that our countryman was elected as chairman of such .^^ 
an important office. p 

5C 
O 

CO 



I A 1 a BOILJliJIAIT 

IV 

I C Svornost_, Sept. 19, 18S3, 

TO TIIE HONOR OF TI^ EOEJnvHAN NATIOITALTTY EI CTiIGAGO 

(Ec?.itorial) 5 

iUnerica, or rather GhicR -o, is upset that a T^ohemian attained the distinction, p 

which many rich and prominent Americr^jis, Germans and Irishmen hopefully expected, "^ 

o 

In t?ie last session of the ;noard of* 2]ducatior, a ;:ohemian, Adolf Kraus, a law- ^ 

3'er, was nominated as Chairman of The School 3©nrd, This distinction is so g 
great, that an 2n.'?lish nev/spaper mentioned ic in lon.;^ articles. 

To a certain degree, the president of the Board of Education is a more educated 
person than the I-ayor hinself, ;iho is a politician elected by the voters, whose 
votes must be gained by different ways and means. 

The Hoard of -Education is an office of honor, and its menfcers are chosen and 
selected men of excellence and confidence; they are trusted wi'.h the problem of 
the education of all the younger Generation in our city, and their previous 
merits authorize them to i-un for the position of chairman of The Board of 



J. A X a -c- r!uni]._iiuj 



IV 

I C Svornost, oept , 19, 1833. 

Education. 

It is a great honor to be a member of the Board in a larre city like Chicago. 
Adolf Kraus was a member of the Board and he represented, with dignity, the 
Bohemian Community of Ghicaj^o tWD years, participating: in deliberations and 
decisions tosether with other prominent citizens of Ghicaf^o. 

This tine the members of the Board of Education called the blameless member, 
Vx , Kraus, to preside over then, knowing that he is the most irreproachable, 
capable and prominent man for this office. 

The appointment of tir. Kt-aus to the presidency is in recognition and honor, 
of the Bohemian population in Chicago, which numbers over 40,000 people^ 

'.7e were greatly pleased, when two years a 30 the Bohemian laviryer, A. Kraus, 
was nominated by the Layor for office in the Board of Education, and this 
proved a real success for our nation and greater honor, then if three Bohemian 
candidates should have been appointed to paying positions in some other office 
where everything is connected with profit and the making of a living only, and 
nothing mor-e. 



o 






I A 1 a -3- BOPSIuIAtJ 

IV 

I C Svornost , Sept, 19, 1883, 

VThen our candidate and representative was elevated to ^he presidency of the most 
important board in the city we should radiate va. th much greater happiness than 
ever. 



3> 



It means that he is entrusted by all tlie citizens with their schools, their am- "f 
bitious children and their confidence. .}e should be proud, that the citizens L^ 
can choose from among us such trustworthy men, who are serving the City unself- ^ 
ishly in most important and dignified positions, £ 

,7e are absolutely sure that the Chairman of the Board of Education, our i^ 

Adolph Ilraus, will perfoim his duties to the honor, not only of hinself but to 
honor of our whole Bohemian community. Should he not act with dimity and should 
he not respond to the confidence put in hiiu, he would cast shame on our nation, 
as one who is not able to handle this kind of an office. 

If he responds in every way to his responsibilities he will procure for us honor 
and pride; he will prove that he is of our blood, educated and raised in our 
midst and elevated by his ov;n merits. Thanks to his enerff^^etic efforts he wholly 
mastered the Snclish lanr^ua^e, gained the full confidence of our people during 
his sojourn among us and received complete acknowled/^ement of his ability in all 

our social and official circles. 



I A 1 a -4- BOHavJAlT 

TI 

I C Svornost , Sept. 19, 1833. 

He deserves the elected elevation to the hi;^ office, ^ 

.Ye congratulate lir. Kraus on his elevation, we ardently congratulate ourselves p 

for this product of our social iToup. Our whole coiiniunity, those previously T^. 

despised "Bohemians" will cain tremendously in the opinion of the Termans, ^ 

Irishrien and /loericans, who have alwavs insulted and ridiculed us. ^ 

,7e can prove, now, that a P.ohemian is the chairman of their most important in- [^ 

stitution and the fact v/ill renain, for a Ion* time, in the memory of 'hII, that 

a Bohemian has occupied this hi :xi f)Osition honorably, honestly, and to the sat- 
isfaction of all citize:.s of Chicago. 

■,7e know that Adolf liraus will not for,:^et the interests of the Eohenian nation 
here in re-'^ard to the Sokols and the more convenient location of our schools 
in considerin--^ the education of Bohemian children. 



I A 1 ft -ourijji.iX.iU\ 

-.. ■'■'_' ^ ■ Svornost . J\me 29, 18??1 

BOHffililAlI APPOINTED TO SCHOOL BOAHD • ' ' ' , 

'The City Council he?d r meeting Iftst night in vhich, a? a whole, there wss 
not much of importance to the -ohenian people except that the Mayor announced 
the appointment to the School Board of the Sohemian Lawyer Adolf Kraus, there- 
hy fulfilling the Ion.- desired request of the Bohemians thc-^t they be repre- 
sented in this important office. 

The i'layor announced the ar>pointnent to the School- Bo: rd of the following: 
Adolf Kraus, Jacoh T. Healy, Thomas Brennpn, Dr. Normfr-n Brid/^e and Adolf 
Schoeninger, 



Svornost . Jtine 2^, lg81 

•r- GRA?.niAH SCHOOL OHAJUATj^S -■ ' ' 

There are thirty-two gra^mrr schools in our city from which 7^5 hoys and 
girls are being ^p.d-Lu>ted this year. Among these graduates v/e find fourteen 
Boherrigji na"ies, tho'igh there may "be more, for oui' I'm-^lish teacher*? have s 
hecit of Americanizing Bohemian na'nes to such an extent th;^t one wc-ild h.^;ve 
difficulty in recognizing them for such. The following v^e the npmes of the 
"Bohemian graduates, of then we -r^.e;/ well he proud and ve wish t' em continued 
success in their future endeavors in the higher schools. 

From the "Dore" Scnool : Annie S. Novotkiy, A. Vij)la ;'ikeF, liz^^ie Husak. 
"Brown" School: lida Fiser. "Doxiglss" School: Joe Hurita. "Foster" School: 
Edw. Dvorak, Augusta Fiser, Ctillie ^oldherger, Vilem L. Lhotka and D.J. 
Srigar. "Hayes" School : Stepan Fiser. "J.Ioseley" School: Anna Vitkovsky. 
"Newherry" School: Ella L. Huher. "Skinner" School: Jakuh Vitkovsky. 



5 



P 

CO 



t i' 



Svornost . Jtsne >0, 13?;0 

O'Jrt 30Hal.lIAl^y YOUTH IN LOCAL HIGH SCHOOLS 

^e f?.re obliged to enter in tlis pub]ic paper the n;^ne? of the BohernisJi 

pupils in o'or public schools, v.'::o hcve successfully completed the studies 

in the higher ^^pdes. In conp?ri?on '.vith the Ipr.^^e nupiher of Bohemians 

in the city, they ore very, very few in nijja"ber, only three this jepr. 

They are Fr. Patera, Fr, ^'ovy, "Doth whom .^^.ttended the local hi ^h school 
with great success pnd h^-re oibtained t''eir diplo".as, provin^^ their indus- 
try and extra ordinary a.',ility. At the ^ostT^r public school, Vpc. Salek 
V7r..s the recipient of such reco^ition as is se"!dom given to nore then one 
or tv;o pupils of a class. However, nuch the successes of these pupils 
pleases us, w? c--nnot overcome o^ir sorrow over the fact that so few of 
our DO'S attend, (and probably none of oior girls) the high schools. 

It must be understood t'-.at, the fault lies v/ith the parents, who do not 
realize, that by giving their children an education, they give them more 
then any amount of labor cou].d provide. It is about time tliat Bohemian 
parents took more interest in our high schools and helped their children ■ 
to a better education. This would of itself raise tlieir f^tanding as 






o 



Co 

CI 

*^ 



Svornost . June 30, IS^O 

citizens and mal-e tlieir prospects of the future much hrigriteT. There 

are quite a large number of us here fnd it is time to give thought to 

it, that we r.i.^ht have sonon^i us more men fble to work in the interests 

of our countrymen in tl^e midst of strange customs. 



r— 



5 



Co 



IB3'b- 30HEMIA1T 

SVOKIOST. ATDril 12th, 1879. . .. ' 

A Review of the Cocipulsory School - • ' 

Attendance Law. 

Enemies of the lew for com-oulsory school attcjidrtnce of children "between the ages 
of 9 anr^ lU yer.rs, among whom is foiind the "Chicago Tirces"' condemn this law and it's 
regulations. The oh .lections they T)ut forth can readily he dismissed h:/ any reason- 
ably sensible man, who is concerned ahout the welfare of the comiminity es a whole, 
aJid the safe guarding of the rights of all those who in some instance may need the ^ 
protection of law, ^ 

They claim tha State has no right, nuch less anj'- obligation, to t-^ke children -w 
from the control of the parents, to rr.ise anc educate then against their will other-i^ 
wise, unless the parents ao wish it. Such disregard of ri^ts originates in £ 
Prussia and is pure and simple despotism, where every inhabitant belongs to the ^ 
State and the State must -orovide all his necessities rnd watch over him. The ^ 
American principles are that the citizen belongs only to himself, that he is free, 
and that the Stpte is maintri ned only for the Tourr)Ose of assuring his freedom, not 
for the puriDOse of putting him under it' s protection and regulating his life. 



I A 1 a 

I r 3 i3 BOimv:iAN 

S70PJI 0ST. Ar^ril l?th. 1279. 1^ {ILL) fWj.;nj^,, 

The Prussian princir)le is that Beople are created for the State. The American 
principle is that the government is created for the T)eot)le anc!- that more government 
than is actually necessary to preserve the liberty of the citizenry i^ des-ootism. 
Therefore they claim that the only plane unon which compulsory attendance of scho-ls 
can he placed is DesT)otism, These princiT>les however, are undemocrstic and 
contrary to out system of personal rights, which the government should guard ageinst 
any curtailment. 

They say this knd of law would he as unenforcihle as a law prohihiting the 
drinking of alcoholic liquors, or nny other law tfjnpering with our private domestic 
affairs. It is Indeed a strange exposition of the principles of liherty and duty. 

The whole fault of this reasoning, knowingly committed, remains in the f.act tl^-^it 
they mt children on the same level with tiie parents; they put them on the same -olane 
as other mature citizens. They ncf^jse to admit that children can not he compared 
with mature citizend, "because in the first -olace 'hey dont know and cannot know 
their rights for they would not understand them if they were heing told and they are 



I A 1 £ 



SVOB.NCST. April 12th, IS79. 



mAiiLL)mj.3Q?ji 



unaljle to g'.xe.rd their rights in any manner, E-'iication cannot be forcitly administer- 
ed in some coercive institution. That is true. We do not exoect to force any one 
with a wnip to "becomp a Doctor or Professor if he has not the will nor ambition for it. 
Kov/ever, everyone even the poorest and most indifferent can "be persuaded while his 
mind is still pliant, to learn reading, writing and arithmetic thereby reducing the 
possibility of becoming an uneducated loafer when he has grown up, knoiring nothing . 
and seeking his livelihood in thievery. 

According to their objections the State would not have the right, even, to force 
convicted criminals t"^ learn anything and if they had no trade would be compelled to 
keep them in idleness. The final argument of the 'Rimes'* that this system which 
would force children from the home to school like convicts under sentence , would 
lower the norale and standards of the schools so that none would care to brs^ that 
they went to school is sheer nonsense. Only \7hen children begin to show more 
common ;:ense, can there be any talk of voluntary school attendance. We are of the 
opinion that all of the objections put forth by the enemies of compulsory education 
are worthless and that Illinois should have a law compelling parents to send their 
children to schools, • • , - 



FWFP 
I A 1 a Svomost, Ch icago, July 15th, 1878, T^niTrtViTAW \j<. 

^^rVE BOHEMIAN YOUTHS AEMITOBD TO HIGH SCHOOT/ 

■'"very thoughtful citizen is very much tjleased when he hears of the great desire 
of Bohemians to acquire an education. When he hears that Bohemian parents are 
thoroughly mindful of their children's education according to their means. 

In Chicago 25,000 Bohemians should take pride in the ntimber of youths 
attending institutions of learning. Last year (5) five Bohemians attending "Grairv- 
mar School" distinguished themselves with such extraordinary diligence, they were 
admitted to the High School. 

They were P. J. Patera, Jos. Koupeny, 3. Novy, K. Wilen, and John Traotina. 
So far as is icnown they are thoughtful, emhltious youngsters who no douht will 
serve their coxintry to the honor of our nationality. 



I. ATTITUDES 
A. Education 
1. Secular 

b. Foreign Languages 



I A 1 b 3CE5I;:iriN 

I C 

I G Denni Hl&satel , Jan. 50, 1920. 

I M 

17 CZECH CL.--3S2c; 2XCLLDED mOll THE 

PUBLIC 3CK00L3 0? GICjilRO 

In a meeting of the board of education, officially called Board of Education, 
School District 99, Cook County, 111,, held yesterday, a resolution submitted 
by Mr. Frank J. Petru, demanding that the Czech classes be permitted to use 
classrooms of the public schools for the purpose of teaching the Czech language 
on Saturdays only, was voted on. It v/as apparent that the majority of the 
school board was determined not to yield. Only one member of the school board, 
Mr, Blaha, supported !^. Frank J. Petru*s resolution, the third Czech member 
of the school board was not present. The rest of the members of the school 
board voted against it, 

Follovang is the text of the resolution: 

"^Vhereas, On the 23rd day of October In the year of 1919, this school board 
passed a resolution that it v/ill not permit further use of classrooms for the 




1 b - 2 - B0H3LiL^iI^f 



I C 

I G Denni Klaratel . Jan. 30, 1920. 

I la 

rv pxirpose of teaching the Czech language on Saturdays; and 

"V/hereas, The majority of the entire population of the Towa of Cicero is of 
Czech origin, although they now are sincere -jnerican citizens and good patriots 
in every detail; and 

"V/hereas, The Czechoslovaks of this district and all over the v/orld have per- 
formed good service for the United States and its .nllies durin'-"; the V/orld 'Jar, 
v;hich was attested to by President IVoodrov/ V.'ilson, vath the creation and rec- 
ognition of the Czechoslovak republic, and in other manners; and -— -.^ 

"'iVhereas, The Czech language is taught in schools all over the vjorld; and / ir:' y p j %\ 

"I'/hereas, In consequence of this unjust exclusion of these children froxa tlii8kL__-^^ 
public schools of Cicero, these children were forced to resort to stores, 
halls, and other places unsuitable, unhealthy and unsafe for them, in order 
to get this education, and in those places their health, and consequently, the 



lb - 3 - B0H2I.;L'il-I 



I c 

I G Denni Hlasatel, Jan. 30, 1920. 

I I' 

IV health of the whole coxnmunity being endangered; and 

"IVhereas, The Czech fraternal und benevolent societies provide all the nec- 
essary funds so that the children c;in have instructions in their mother 
tongue; and 

"V/hereas, These children attending the Czech classes were accused of trifling 
misconduct v;hich accusations never v;ere proved; and 

"V/hereas, The school boards of Chica^^o, Bervvyn, and other cities permitted, 
and still permit the use of their public schools for the puri^ose of teaching 
the Czech lan;j:uage; therefore, be it 

"Resolved, That this school board pemit the Czech classes to use the class- 
rooms of public schools, to teach the Czech language on Saturdays, and that 
for this accommodation and janitor's service the same amount should be /^ 

charged now as before; and be it further ; '^-"Pfc 






I A 1 b - 4 - BOHSMIM 

I C 

I Gr Dennl Hlasatel, Jan. 30, 1920 

I M 

IV" 'Resolved, That if accidentally there should be more complaints against 

some of these children attending the Saturday Czech classes, or against 
some of their teachers, these complaints should be sent to this school board 
in writing." 

The struggle of the Czech school in Cicero apparently is over until the time 
when the public will elect and send new men to this school board. 

A coinmur-ication from the Taxpayers* Association, requesting removal of the 
president of this school board on accctuit of charges brought against him, 
was not voted on. It was simply announced that the school board had taken 
this matter up in a special meeting, and decided to pay no attention to this 
matter at all. Subsequently, v;e will throw more light on the activities of 
this famous school board. 



'oT 



c 
o/ 



I A 1 b 30IIS-.II.JT 

Denni Mlasatel . Jan. 26, 1922. 

OUR 3IAY1G LANGUAGE LIViS 

Our readers will remember that in the year 1912 we received the good news 
from the Board of iSducation that permission had been granted to allow the 
teaching of the Bohemian language in our high schools. Those readers who 
remember this event will also recollect how some of our leaders accepted 
the "credit" for this "hard" woric, claiming that it was their efforts in 
behalf of Bohemianism in America that saved the da:"". Our readers will also g 
remember how we laid our plans for this ; hov; we intended to place some Bohe- 
mian teachers in those schools, assuming that this ;vould be sufficient. But 
since that time, no one has paid the slightest attention to these classes in D 
Bohemian. The same fate v;hich bofell Polish, 5'»vedish, and other foreign 
language instruction will also befall the teaching of Bohemian, because the 
former superintendent of schools, Mrs. Jllla Flacg-"^oung , issued an order 
that any foreign language instruction may be included in the curriculum pro- 
vided that there are enough students to enroll in such classes. 

Our problem now is: Shall v/e let our classes in the Bohemian language die 






TJ 



Co 



I A 1 b - 2 - B0I£i2>/iIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 86, 1922. 

because of lack of interest? Such classes were organized in the Harrison 
High ochool and were attended by a large number of students of i:oheiiiian ori- 
gin. The /totaj|7 eiirollment in these classes was never very large, that is, 
as large as we had expected it to be, but about seven classes were organized. 
It is, indeed, very sad when one considers how roany hundreds of students are r= 
enrolled in Spanish and in French classes, while in the Bohenian ones tiiere ^ 

are about ten or tv/entyl 5 

o 



VBiy is it that children of Bohemian origin prefer Spanish and French instruc- 
tion to Boheniain? Are they ashamed to know the language or their ancestors? 
I do not v;ish to believe that. There are, of course, parents who reason 
that it is more practical and more important to know those languages which 
are spoken by a greater nurtber of people, and for that reason perhaps they 
have their children enroll in a Spanish class; why the whole of South Jtaierica 
speaks Spanish! But what percentage of our young people will go to South 
/jaerica on business or for pleasure? It is rather to be expected that they 



-T3 

3> 






I A 1 b - 3 - BOHj^aLAN 

Denni lUasatel, Jan. 26, 1922, 

will have contact and will do business with Bohemians. 

ijverrone must recognize tliat from a practical standpoint, a knowledge of the 5 

Bohemian language is very important for our young people, i'rom the cultural ^::^ 

point of view, all languages are of equal value; our literature is as beau- f^ 
tiful us that of other nations. 



o 






This v;eek marks the beginning of the new semester, and your children may 
enroll in classes in the Harrison High ochool. At present there is only one 
teacher of Bohemian in a school where there ou^t to be two or even three, tr 
as one finds in classes of Spanish or French. It is hoped that a large num- 
ber of students will enroll in the Bohemian classes. Our slogan must be: 
A Czech child belongs in a Czech class. 

Bohumil iZral, teacher. 



I A 1 b - S - BOEKTaAIT 

II B 2 d (3) 

II B 1 d Dennl Elasatel , Aug. 27, 1918. 

Bohemian Made Easy , formerly used as textbook, is sold but, and Morffil*s ^ 

Mluvnlce Jazyka Ceskeho (Grammar of the Czech Language) is more suitable for .^ 

the' needs of a philologist than for the average student with everyday p 
reciuirenents. Mluvnice Ceska. by Dr. Jan Gebauer, recognized as the best 



-o 



Czech grammar, is the foundation of Professor Nigrin*s textbook. ^ 



o 



CO 



The manual begins with instruction on the phonetics of the Czech language, a ^ 
highly important item \i^ich hitherto has not received due consideration. The tr 
second part of the book is devoted to con^josition. Though this chapter lacks 
completeness, it offers valuable hints and suggestions. A preface by A. R. 
Nykl, captioned "Slav Nations and Their Tongues," will surely be of interest to 
serious students. 

The book will find an appreciative welcome wherever time is available on the 
students' programs. It may be bought at the office of the Czech Literary 
Society, which deserves unstinted praise for its efforts. 



I A 1 b BOEBMIAN 

II B 1 c (2) 

II B 1 a Denni HLasatel . Dec. 6, 1917. 

HARRISON CIRCLE'S SUCCSSSFDL 3VMING 

•Rie spacious hall in the Harrison High School was filled with an appreciative 
audience last night. There were highly artistic numbers on the program for 
Czech Day, as arranged by the Harrison Beseda (Harrison Circle). The Circle 
has a group of singers, the Glee Club, which sang Czech songs that literally 
electrified the audience. The group is directed by Miss Helen Frish. 



The Czech national dance, "Beseda,** was presented by girl students and was 
enjoyed immensely by every spectator. It made such a^hit that they decided 
to give this dance before the assembled students of the school. 

Miss Milada Krametbauer demonstrated her art in several classic dances, and 



-a 

3> 



-o 



O 



Mrs. 0. M, Klaus delivered a short address, which was followed by several 5 

numbers for the violin played by Mr. George Hrusa, and piano ac comikniment 
rendered by Miss Hattie Kovarik. 



CO 
o 

— t 

CJ1 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (2) 

II B 1 a Dennl Hlasatel, Dec. 6, 1917. 

Miss Florence Polak sang songs by A. Dvorak and also the "Marseillaise". 
Miss Libuse Farizek followed with scne pieces for piano, eind the pleasant 
evening came to a close with the singing of the "Star-Spangled Banner". 
All the visitors expressed the wish to see the evenings of the Circle per- 
petuated. 



Co 






I A 1 b BOHEIvllAN 

II 3 1 a 

III E Denni lilasatel . Get. 28, 1917. 
Ill H 

GSECH JLUB IN HIGK SCHOOL 

Czech students of Jarter H. Harrison High ochool are working strenously 
to jnake their Beseda /plub/ one of the strongest in that school. There 
are over one hundred inembers nov/. Their meetings began last month, and 
the following officers were elected: kiss Vlasta Vraz, president; iliss 
Dagmar Vojan, vice-president; Liiss iUina Zyk, secretary; Miss Ella Mazac, 
treasurer. 

An informal entertaininent was given to the newcomers at the end of last 
month in the smaller gymnasium, and a concert in the large hall of the 
school building is being planned. One of the main purposes of the Beseda 
will be to acquaint the teachers with the beauties of Czech music. The 
club hopes for public support, since the proceeds vdll be used to further 
Czech national aims, 

/ ''•^ 5\ 

, " Vf'PA ° 



I A 1 b 



BOHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 8, 1917, 

^ZSCH CLASSBS7 

(Editorial) 

Czech classes in Chicago high schools have always been considered achieve- 
ments of great value, but that does not mean that we know how to appreciate 
them. 

Only recently we received a letter tran one of our readers calling our atten- 
tion to the comparatively small number of students from Cicero and Berwyn en- 
rolled in the Czech class at the J. Sterling High School. Shortly thereafter, 
the Czech public was informed that the Czech class at Harrison High School had 
to close because of insufficient attendance. 

It seems that we often fight for recognition or an opportunity only to prove 
later that we did not deserve it. 



w 



W.Pi. 



I A 1 b BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 b (German) 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 7, 1917 • 

(Sunmary of Editorial) 

"Czech national self assertion is giving a very poor account of itself at 
the Carter Harrison High School," Only twenty students are needed for an 
evening class in the Czech language, and that number has not been reached 
up to the present.. ••• 

"If we should lose this class because of insufficient enrollment, it will 
be a proof of our indolence at a time when the Germans are making strenuous 
efforts to maintain their language in our schools. "•••• 




I A 1 b BOIIMIAN 

I C (German) 

Dennl ELasatel . Oct. 4, 1917. 

A LAST CHANCE 

"If an enrollment of twenty pupils cannot be reached, no Czech class will be 
held in the evening courses of Carter Harrison High School." 

This dictum pronounced by Mr. Morse, principal of the school, threatened to 
become a reality last Tuesday, but the decision was deferred imtil tonight. 
However, only fourteen students have enrolled for this course so far..... 

We appeal to Czech young men to do justice to the nation from which they 
are descended, and also to act in their own interest by joining the class 
which, if it materializes, will be taught by Professor Bohumil Krai every 
Tuesday and Thursday from 7 P.M. to 9 P.M. 

Czech parents should urge their children to enroll. Among the fourteen 
prospective students of the class, two are Germans I They feel that they 
would profit by a Imowledge of the Czech language, but woe, our own Czech 
students seem indifferent I Is this not painful, and does it not cover us 
with shame? 



I A 1 b 



B0H3ML\N 



; Denni Hlasatel . vLept. 27, 1917. 

CZECH CLi:-.3 IN GIC-:RO 

(Summary) 

Wight school courses will be opened at the J, oterling xiorton High ochool, 
Cicero, Illinois, There is one class provided for the study of the Czech 
language. It v.lll be conducted ;vith the condition that at least tv.enty 
students enroll, Cicero is a predominantly Czech tov.n ;;ith a mayor of 
Czech descent 

There is no use in teaching a child a foreign language up to his fourteenth 

year if he is to forget it later. The course is free .,ould it not 

be a shame for Cicero not to be able to muster out the minLmum of only tv.enty 
students? 




I A 1 b BOHEiaAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 18, 1917. 
CZECH CLASSES OPEI^IED 
(Summary) 



Although the number of students at Carter Harrison High School who are en- 
rolled in Czech classes is larger than last season, nevertheless it is 
disproportionately small considering the total number of students of Czech 
descent who are studying at that school. Parents should give this some 
thought..... 

This season we have seven Czech classes, one of which is taught by our 
Professor Boh, Krai. The classes in the history, literature, and culture 
of the Czech people are particularly small,.... 




I A 1 b BOHEMIAN 

I B 3 b 

III H Dennl Hlasatel. Sept. 14, 1917. 

FOR CZECH PARENTS TO CONSIDER 
( Summary) 

"To feed and clothe your children does not complete yoiir obligations. There 
Is one supreme duty which you must fulfill toward those of your own blood: 
to bring up your child to be a man in a moral sense — a man who loves not only 
his parents and companions, but also the nation in which his parents were 
bom. For this reason it is necessary to inform your child about his national- 
ity so that he will not ridicule or think lowly or the nation from ivhich he 
is descended — or disavow the merits of o\ir great men of art and science... ••" 

Our children must become acquainted with the nation and the language of their 
forebears. This can be done by the Czech school. 

We constantly hear about Americanization and assimilation v;ith the great 
American people. Yes, we want to become good Americans; we want to show our 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHSIvIIi\N 

I B 3 b 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 14, 1917. 

gratitude for the kind reception accorded to us; we v;ant to show oiir appre- 
ciation by offering the best v/ithin the abilities of our people. ....The 
Czech school is the liiolc betv/een us and this country. 

"Although we Czechs are a small nation v;e are more mature than others that 
are larger than we. Our glorious nation need not let other nations occupy 
the foreground. Vie were the first to fight for the liberty of body and mind, 
and only few nations can be compared with our glorious history....." 

The Association for the Maintenance of Czech Schools is opening classes in 
Chicago public schools, similar to those conducted in the private schools 
sponsored by the Chicago Czech people. The schools are free-religious /tree 
thought, nonsectarian/^. 

Classes were opened in the follov/ing public schools: Cooper, Corkery, Bryant, 
Farragut, Pulton, Gary, Hammond, Healy, Jungrnan, Konensky, and Sav/yer. 




'^ 






I A 1 b - 3 - BOHSMIiilT 

I B 3 b 

III H Dennf Hlasatel , Sept. 14, 1917. 

"In the old homeland we fought for every Czech child so that he should not 
be lost to the nation. 'Vhat good v/ould liberty do us if we could not be- 
queath it to our children? Hov: could we answer before the world the neglect 
of our national duty to our children? 

The Czech child belongs to the Czech school." 



Uj 



I A 1 b BOTfSMIAN 

Dennf Hlasatel , Sept. 1, 1917 • 

C2SCH LAKGUACaa IN Hi:iRRI30N HIGH SCHOOL 

(Summary) 

"By sending their children to Czech classes, parents will help the youngsters 
as well as fulfill a patriotic duty. 

Carter Harrison High School, Marshall Boulevard and 24th Street, announced 
that classes in the Czech language will be opened at the beginning of the new 
school year. Students will receive credit for this modem language on the 
same basis as other subjects. The Czech classes are open to students enrolled 
in the general course. A new textbook has been published for beginners. The 
course in the Czech language takes two years and may be followed up by a 
course in Czech history; this latter is a six months* course. 



W.P.A.1) 




I A 1 b BOHSIiliUI 

I F 4 

Denni Hla3at3l. Aug. 31, 1917, 

jTdE, PEOPLE -.i'mj 
(editorial) 

The exclusion of the German language as a subject in our public schools 
probably will be realized, and there is little doubt that the majority of 
the populace .vill be in accord v;ith the measure. The only question is 
the attitude taken toward it by Mayor "fhompson, head of -ohe "sixth largest 
German city," as he styled himself a short time ago apropos of the recep- 
tion of the English and French delegations here. 

The School Board is appointed by him; yet it hiS taken the step to eliminate 
the German language. This action will certainly displease our pro-German 
"Burgermeister" (I.Iayor). 



I A 1 b BOHSllIAN 

17 

Dennl Hlasatel, June 14, 1917 • 

CZ3CII LAiNlGUiiGE IN HIGH SCHOOLS 

Prof, J, V, Nigrin of Hairison High School declares that many responsible 
Americans have arrived at the conclubion that immigrant children who have been 
"Anglicized" here are not necessarily "iimericanized." In brief, the language 
alone cannot perform the assimilation. The national traits of the various im- 
migrants cannot be removed and simply substituted by purely American charac- 
teristics. Gradual, smooti methods in Americanization v;ill surely bear the 
best fruits. 

The study of foreign languages is not detrimental to sane American sentiment. 
On the contrary, it is helpful to Americanization in that it facilitates the 
association with, nd the approach to, the virgin immigrant clay. In this 
manner our future fellow citizens can be tetter instructed about this country 
and their duties tov/ards it. 

An article in this vein, written by Professor Nigrin, is printed in the latest/<r'=^"='^ 



I A 1 b ECim^IAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 29, 1917. 

L3SS0JS IN TEE CZ2CH lAI^IGUAGE FOP. ESADSRS OF THS 
DBNKI HLASATSL BY HUDOLPH BUBSNICSK 

(Sunniary) 5 

This is one of a series of articles on grarninar, spelling, and style, to be ^ 
followed by articles on geography, and tales for children, -o 

o 

OS 

s 

—J 



I A 1 b P0II3I.1i\i^: 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 5, 1917, 

I.!OKi I1:T2R53T II: CZ2GII CLASSICS URGIS 

(Editorial) 

The introduction of the Bohemian language in Harrison High School may 
be considered one of the greatest of our national achievements in 
Ghicago, but the results at the present time do not show that v/e enjoy 
our success too much, ./e mir-ht have fairly v/ell expected that there 
v;ould not be room enough for all the students crov/ding in to learn 
the language of their fathers, and also that there would be insufficient 
help from the part of the staff of teachers. Ilie enrolliiient is, hov/- 
ever, so weak th-at one of the classes is in danger of being dissolved. 
This news seems incredible, and does not, beside other points, serve 
to bring much credit to the Czech element of Ghicago. It is about 
time that Czech parents became aware, at last, of the importance of 
the instruction in the Czeca language, and see to it that their 




I A 1 b 

I C 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 5, 1917, 



BCTGI'^EAIT 



children take advantage of the opportunity offered at Harrison High 
school. The school board, in a meeting last v;eek, decided that 
students from other high schools shall be allov/ed to attend the 
Czech classes at Harrison High school. lIo\v, Chicago is a towa. 
big enough v/ith a strong Czech population so that no danger should 
arise that even one single Czech class v;ould be closed on account of 
an insufficient number of students. 



■: m. B 



I A 1 b BOHSMIAN 

III A 

I F 4 Denni Hlaaatel . Jan. 7, 1917. 

CZECH TAUGHT IN Gliia.GO iIGH SCHOOLS 

The revolution in our public life caused by the Weu:, compels us to 

count with every single unit of our resources and to use the opportunities 

offering themselves for the perpetuation of our national life in America. 

One of the most important components of our strength is the education 
we are ^.iving to our future generation, V/e point with particular pride 
to oup Czech classes in Harrison High School, - and today in Morton ^ark 
also, - which are maintained by the city, and in which the students of 
the Czech language receive full credit for it just as for any other tongue. 
The language of Komensky and Palacky has been placed on par with French 
German, and Spanish, This makes us rejoice, but w© have, edas, not 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHSMIAN 

I F 4 

III A Dennl Hlasatel . Jan, 7, 1917, 

learned to appreciate this achievement* It shall be the duty of all 
of our papers to call the attention of the public to the great opportunity 
offered for students of Czech descent to learn the language of their 
fathers. We can do a bit for our nation by helping the number of students 
to double. 




I A 1 b BOHmilAK 

II B 2 g 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 27, 1916. 

III A 

FROM CICERO 
The Teaching of the Czech Language at the High School 
Will Begin after the Svuniner Vacation 

A movement was started some time ago for the purpose of creating an interest 

in the teaching of the Czech language at the J. Sterling Morton High School. 

The result proves that if good will and a sincere effort are shown, much may 
be accomplished. 



so 
o 



C3 

The school board resolved, some time ago, that the Czech language be taught Z^ 
in high school. That much is certain, and there need be no fear that the 
school board will reverse the decision to which it agreed, at the behest of 
the Czech citizens. 

V^ith reference to this the only question to be answered was when this teaching 
would begin. Later, at the suggestion of the school principal, it was decided 
to start after the summer vacation — that is, on the first day of the September 
term, immediately following the Labor Day holiday. 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOILg^OAN 

II B 2 g 
I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Jan, 27, 1916. 

III A 

The principal is of the opinion that it would not be advisable to begin 

the instruction in the middle of the semester, because of the many arrangenents 
which he has to mal-ce, and also because it takes tLme to secure a teacher. 

Mr. F. J, Kubec told us that a number of teachers had been recommended, and the 
principal will choose one in a short time, but he requires that the teacher be 
qualified to teach other subjects so that he can be paid a suitable salary. 2 
Without doubt a teacher with those qualifications can be secured without great ^ 
effort, and if it is not possible to begin now with the teaching of the Czech 
lajiguage, we shall have to be satisfied that the promise will be kept, and 
that the Czech class vri.ll attend lectures next September. 

This matter of teaching the Czech language should not be forgotten; and the 

greatest interest should be awakened among the citizens, so that when the 

Czech lectures begin the attendance be commensurate with the interest displayed. 

That is the only way to prove that our countrj/men of Cicero and Bevfiyn do want 



-o 






I A 1 b - 3 - BOHailAN 

II B 2 g 

I F 4 Dennl laasatel . Jan, 27, 1916. 

III A 

the Czech language taught and that there are enough students in the two % 
communities to make the teaching of the Czech language worth while. ^ 

r— 

Mr. Slapak, chairman of School District No. 99, has a plan which should create ^ 
the necessary interest. He intends to arrange a lecture about the Czech nation 3 
for the benefit of the student body of the high school. 2 

This matter of a Czech lecture is being worked upon v;ith enthusiasm, and we j^ 
will soon be able to announce the date it will take place. 



I A 1 b BOHEMIAN 

I A 3 

III A Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 23, 1915. 

iiJTiSNING INSTRUCTION AT HARRISON HIGH SCHOOL 

Bohemian and Spanish Classes ^ 

While the classes in drafting rooms are overcrowded, there is much vacant room '^ 
in other classes. One of these is the Spanish class, which convenes only twice r" 
a week and offers the students an excellent opportunity to learn the fundamentals -t> 
of a language whose importance for America is growing, and which gives those who o 
know it a possibility of making good in South American trade. L> 

The Bohemian class is doing very well indeed. Attendance is much larger than *^ 
last year, and a number of last year's students have enrolled again, a circum- 
stance which proves their interest in the Bohemian language. TSie t)resent class 
is composed of students vrtio know Bohemian but who wish to perfect themselves in 
that language. There have been many requests for a beginners' class, and it is 
probable that such a class will be started. In accordance with a ruling of the 
Board of Education, at least twenty-five students must be enrolled before a new 
class may be established. 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHSagAN 

I A 3 

III A Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 23, 1915. 

Mong those iito have asked for such a class was an Irishman who is married to a 

Bohemian girl, and a number of American businessmen. The majority of the pupils ^^ 

study the Bohemian language for practical reasons, but many also for credits for 5 

their high school diploma. That the Bohemian classes do fill a need may be seen ^ 

from the following interesting instances. r^ 

-• 

An American-born girl has said: "I am a member of a Bohemian ladies' association o 

and they want to elect me president. I attend these classes in order to learn '^ 

how to write and read Bohemian correctly so that I can perform properly my future S 

duties as president. *'' 

Another student was born in Georgia and has almost entirely forgotten the Bohemian 
language. He has come to Chicago to learn Bohemian again to please his mother. 
Thus our classes are preparing workers for our national purposes euaong local youth. 



I A 1 b B0H3MIAN 

I A 1 c 

III A Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1915, 

17 

FOR BOHDMIAN CLASS3S 

A very considerable number of people assembled in the hall of Sokol Karel 
Jonas in Cicero last night. They came from the J. Sterling liorton High 
School district and their purpose was to take deterxoined steps to start the 
teaching of the Bohemian language in that school. 

The meeting was called by citizens who, convinced that their demand is prop- 
er, are ready to exert every effort in order that the teaching of Bohemian 
in the Morton High School shall be realized at the earliest possible moment. 
The demand is backed up by their numerical strength, their importance as 
taxpayers, and the fact that other modem foreign languages are being taught 
in the School, and there is therefore no reason why the Bohemian language 
should not be included. 

The meeting, attended also by a number of ladies of Cicero and Berwyn, was 



I A 1 b 
I A 1 c 

III A 
17 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 16, 1915, 



BOIEMIAN 



opened by a brief and snappy talk by lir, Kubec, in which he dis- 
cussed the reasons vdiy the Bohemian language should be taught in the Morton 
High School and pointed to the fine success its teaching has achieved in 
Chicago in the Harrison High School. 

Among the first speakers was Professor Bohumil Krai, who was the first 
teacher of Bohemian at the Harrison High School. He stressed the impor- 
tance of that language and told how, three years ago, only forty pupils 
attended the classes, while two hundred and twenty are enrolled this year, 
certainly a most gratifying increase. He discussed the importance of 
Bohemian also from the practical point of view and urged those present 
to do all they can to have the teaching of the Bohemian language introduced 
in their high school. 

I'jT, Jos. a. Holpuch, a member of the Chicago Board of Education, was wel- 
comed with deafening applause. He said he had not come to tell the people 



I 



CO 



I A 1 b - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 c 

III A Denni EQasatel . Oct, 16, 1915, 

17 

Tfb&t their duty was because he knew they were all veiy well aware 
of it, and imew what to do about it. He complained, however, that there 
was not a sufficient interest in schools among the people in Chicago. This 
fact induced him to start disseminating detailed information about the 
activities of the School Board through the Denni Hlasatel and other news- 
papers .... 

After JSx, Holpuch*s speech, a resolutions cornmittee was elected which draft- 
ed the following petition: 



•^We, the undersigned citizens and taxpayers of the Morton Hi^ School dis- 3 

trice declare that we are the representatives of the majority of the Bohe- l*» 

mian citizens and taxpayers of the named school district, and that it is i::^ 

our desire to have the Bohemian language, our mother tongue, taught in the 
J. Sterling Morton High School. '.Ve wish to point to the fact that Bohemian 
is recognized aiid among the modern languages tau^t in schools in Chicago 






tT' 



I A 1 b - 4 - BaHEMlAN 

I A 1 c 

III A Dennl Hlasatel . Oct, 16, 1915. 

17 

and elsewhere. 

"We further declare that the Bohemian citizens feel justified in suhmit- 

ing this request because the School district is inhabited by a population 

which is overwhelmingly Bohemian-American and which, by paying taxes in 

the district, help in supporting the School. 4 

"Therefore we request your body ^ic. No indication of the "body" to which .= 

the resolution was directedT' to take the necessary steps toward granting --^ 

this request and to see to it that the teaching of the Bohemian language ^ 

^ "J* Sterling Morton High School be soon started and thereafter continued 2 

Indefinitely. ^ 



The resolution was read by the secretary of the meeting and unanimously 
approved. It will be submitted with the largest obtainable number of 
signatures, and it would seem that it will soon bring the desired results. 



rs3 



I A 1 b BOHKT/TAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Sept. 4, 1915. 

THE BOHiiMIAN LANGUAGE IN HIGH SCHOOLS 

On September 7, the new school year will start and our youth will again be • 5 
filling the school buildings. In the Harrison High School, on Marshall Boule- <n 
vard and 24th Street, the Bohemian language will be taught again as one of the p 
modern languages, and it is up to Bohemian parents to see to it that all Bohemian ^ 
classes are full. o 

CO 

This will be the fourth year of Bohemian instruction in Harrison High School, ^ 
and the interest in the Bohemian classes has been growing from year to year. u^ 
Both the students and their parents realize the importance of a thorough knowl- 
edge of the Bohemieui language. In the first place, the Bohemian language has 
a practical value as a means of contact with the Bohemians, the Slovaks, and 
the Poles, but, by having a knowledge of Bohemian, we also maintain our tradi- 
tions and national unity which, based upon mutual help, is a guarantee of our 
growth. 

In these stirring times when it seems that the morning star of a better future 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHSMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 4, 1915. 

has risen for the Bohemian nation, let there be no Bohemian high-school student ^ | 
who will not enroll in a Bohemian class. Let him or her do it in his own in- ^rr^ 
terest and as a token of reverence to the nation of which he or she is a descend- p 
ant. 1^ 

o 
The Bohemian teacher at the Harrison High School will be Mr. Jaroslav 7. Nigrin, ^ 
S.B., A.M., who taught Romance languages and mathematics in high schools last g 
year. tr 

Pupils of Bohemian schools who furnish proof of their attendance at Bohemian 
classes in public high schools .vill receive the respective credit. 



i 



I A 1 b BOHiuLIlAII 

II B 2 f 

I C Denni Hlasatel , June 27, 1915, 

IV 

THE BOIElJIi\N Lj^JTGUA(S IN PU3IIC SCKCOIS 

by 
Professor Bohuniil Krai ^ 

The Bohemian language is being tauf^t in only one public school in Chicago, ^ 

the Harrison High School, vrfiere one hundred and sixty pupils in seven grades -4^ 

have been taking that subject this year. ;vttenpts have been made to introduce ^ 

the teaching of the Boheninn language in other schools, but none of them \vere £ 

successful, I believe tliat it would be in the interest of the Bohemian people ^ 

to try to ansv/er for themselves these two Questions: ^ 

■ o» 

(1) Is it necessary that all children who v;ant to learn the Bohenuan 
language in our puW ir* schools should have to enroll in the Harrison High School, 
no matter whore they majr be livin;^? 

(2) Should the teaching of the Bohemian language be limited to those 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOEaEIlAIT 

II 3 2 f 

I C Denni Hlasatel , June 27, 1915. 

IV 

children v/ho are fortunate enough to be in a position to attend a high ^ 
school? ^ 

T— 

The first question can be ansv/ered by the j'ouths of tlie various high schools C 

the]:;iselves. If there is a sufficient number of students desirinc to learn the 3 
Bohemian lanruat-e, Bohemian classes will be fonied in any l.igh school. ?or £ 

various reasons, the "second question is of much greater importance for us. Vj'e ^ 
and t^^ other Anericans, io matter v;hether native born or iramicrant have so far C:j 
been indifferent to the growing German influence in our public schools, Especialt^" 
should we Boheiaians resent the teaching of the language of a nation tliat always 
has been our chief oppressor. Nevertheless, Gerriian classes were being formed 
frequently in grammar schools in v;hich there lias been a large percentage of 
Bohemian children. Of covirse, the German language was not an obligatory subject, 
but manj^ of us have been of the opinion that German is a very useful language 
to know; we have needed it manj' times in iivirope, so v;hy should it not be useful 
to our children in iinerica? Such has been the logical conclusion of many of us, 
hence, we had our children enroll in the German classes. 



lb - 3 - 30Hffi,Ii;iII 



II B 2 f 

I C Denni Kla satel, June 27, 1915. 

17 

Nou I ask, v/hich is inDre practical for the cliildren of Bohemian descent, 
to leam the lan^narre of their parents, or to learn the language that v;e have ^ 

been tau,^:ht to hate? ^\11 of us Icnov; that :.an;'" children of Bohemian parents have ^ 
a smattering knoi/ledge of both Boheriiian and Gerraan, but knoiv neither of these c:. 

lD.ncuages. If the claildreii had been learning: their inother tongue frora their early p 
youth, ^ve should nov; not be conplainin^ that they are becoioin?^ denationalised, ^ 

o 

o 
•:Vhy is the Gerinan lanc^lace and none other than the German language being forced ^ 

on us in our public schools? Is its practical value greater than that of any '^ 

other LTDdern language? Lbre recently, v/e have learned to Icnov/ the German iC?^ 

"culture" too well to keep on being deceived by that pretense, Even our "Yankees" 

luive been of the opinion lately that the Gerrian "cvilture" is by far not what the 

Germans v/ould like us to believe it is. id.1 delusions concerning the usefulness 

of the Geriian language have been overcoae already, but, nevertheless, the German 

language is tiie only foreign language taught in our graiuoar schools. Of courso, 

Geriian is of great value to children of Gerr^nn i^irentage. But the sane may be 



I A 1 b - 4 - BOISIJIi-ilT 

II 3 2 f 

I C Denni Hlas atel , June 537, 1915. 

17 

said about any other lancua^e in regard to the national group using 
it. VJhy, then, should the teaching of ncdern foreign langiiages be limited to 
Gernan? 



3» 






V/e Bohe;nians should nal^e sure that our children have tlie opportunity to learn 
the Bohenian lanf.tiar.e in public schools, if they so desire. Just thinl-c of it — 
they are teachinc; GerrBn in our Pilsen and in our California districts! Is it 2 
not an insult to our national traditions to have our ovmcliildren being asked ^ 
to enroll in Germn classes? Let us see to it tliat our children are reared in i::^ 
a spirit which -.TOuld inake them vrorthy of us — make then love v/hat our fathers ^ 

have suffered for in our beloved old country, our riiotiier toncue! Let*s wake 
up, and let»s do all we can in order to succeed in having the Boheriiian language 
taught in our public grariiar schools. 

The teaching of Bohemian in our graiornar schools v;ould be of the greatest 
benefit to us and to our cjiildren alike. V/e all know how much easier it is to 



I .1 1 b - 5 - 30KSIvII.UT 

II B 2 f 

I C Denni lila satel, June 27, 1915. 

IV 

learn a language v;hile youni-. than in maturity. V/e kno?; very v/ell 
hov; difficult it vas for us to learn the Snclish lanLiia^e and hov; easy it 
is for our children to leam it. '..'e knov; also that children viho have attended 
our schools on Saturday'" and Simday, knov; rriore Bohemian tiian those v;ho learned 
it later on in life. If our children were learning Bohenian daily for four 
years while hearing their inoUier tongue at home, 'je could be very sure that 
our nation i-rould not disappear so soon in our nev; country. 



3» 



-a 

TO 



Sone of us rai^ht say tiiat it is for this purpose that we are keeping up our § 

free thought schools \7ith inoney furnishel by our national associations. Perhaps '^ 
so. But are the results achieved in such schools as good as the results from 
public schools v/ould be? \/e knov; tliat our private free thouclit school s'^sten 
has manj" v/ealcnesses: the classes on Saturdays and Sunda^rs, vjhQii other children 
are free, are too great a burden on our youth; at times, some of the teachers 
are incompetent (here I renember v;hat I, myself, had to go through as a pupil 
of a 39henian school, but since then the conditions have become very iiiuch better). 



I A 1 b - 6 - 30E3vII/aJ 

II B 2 f 

I G Denni Hla satel. Jxme 27, 1915. 

IV 

The free thoucht teacher does not have the authority and prestige that 
the teacher in a public school has; conseauently, the children obey and % 

respect him less. It is most difficult to find men teachers better than ^ 
those v/O nov/ have — teachers vAio would be willins to give us their free time r= 
on Saturdays and Sundays for the little rnoney that v/e are able to pay them. -^ 
If we could keep our teachers busy throusliout the v;eek, we could get better ^ 
men. But, where v;ill the money be forthcoming with which to pay them? The 
authority in a public school is greater and consequently, the results achieved 
there are better. This has been ably pointed out by teacher /YoJtaT Benes 
/brother of the future President of Czechoslovakia, 2duard Benes/ during his 
recent visit in Chicago. 

If the Bohemian languaf^ were taught in public schools, its teaching would 
become more stabilized, more normalized. It frequently liappens that the little 
pupil — because he had been disciplined — angrily leaves our private school and 



~) 






I A 1 b - 7 - BOHEIJI.AIT 

II 3 2 f 

I C Denni Hlasatel , June 27, 1915, 

IV 

there is no pov;er that could make him cone back, except that of his 
parents, and that is frequently both unvjillin::; and -,veak. 






So far, I have been discussini'^ only the technical advantacos of the teaching of .-^ 
Bohe:ii'';n in our nrai-mr schools, J.et us lool: at the rnattor also froni other {H 

vievjpoints. First, ho;; irrach money v/ould v/e save if the teachinc of the Bohemian ^ 
lan.guar'ie v/ere talcen over by the city? Our schools, private schools, cost us g 

iiany thousands of dollars every year. V/hat are the results? v;ith the exception i— 
of the Ceska 3vobodonj,''slna 3kola Vojta Ilaprstek (Vojta Haprstek Bohemian Free o 



fNS 



Thou<:ht School) which really deserves the designation of "school," niany of ^ 

the so-called classes are a caricature of vjhat a class should be from the 
pedafiOsic point of viev/. It is, therefore, but natural tliat the children there 
do not feel the oblif^ation of school discipline. 

This brings us to another point. :i)ney nov; being spent by us for the teaching 
of the Boheiiian lan^^uage could be used for educational work along free thought 
lines v;hich v/ould acquaint the children, in an entertaining way, with the 



It - 8 - BOHLIliL^JI 



II B 2 f 

I C Denni laasatel . Jiiiie 27, 1915. 

IV 

principles of riodem thinkins and protect then against the influence ^ 
of sectarian Sunday schools. That v;ould ci^e us an opportunity to i.nke our ^ 

schools that are free thoucht schools in narae only, free thought schools in ^ 

reality and in truth. pz 

It is up to us alone to reach this goal. As taxpayers, ue have the ri^ht so 

to demand that our money be used for the benefit of our children. ITovj, a 
deiviand of this kind should not be rxide for partisan reasons, or because \ve 
desire to renain Bohemians, llo other nationality iriakes better AmeriCcms, 
and no other nationality is a nore peace loving, industrious one than ours. 
In xvantin^' to keep our lan^^a;;e alive, v;e try to keep alive the lanf^uage of 
a people that since time iinrieriorial has been fighting and bleeding for freedon 
and human ri{;hts. Ue knov; that those of our children v;hD have been educated 
in our national traditions are the best type of youth we have, a type we may 
be justly proud of. It is, therefore, in the interest of a higlier level for 
our future citisenshit) to malce a reauest of our School Board to introduce the 



CO 



I A 1 b - 9 - BOHHIuTAIT 

II B E f 

I C Denni Elasatel , June 37, 1915, 

IV 

teaching of the Bohemian lancua.^e into our cmTmsiT schools. 

Only a fev/ grarimar school craduates go to high school, and thus have an 
opport^jnitj'' to take advanta'-e of the Boheriian classes there. :ji opportunity 
that is offered to children v;ho are fortunate enouch to receive hish school 
education should be available also to those wiio will never see a hlij^i school. 



3» 
3> 



C3 






Eov; can we have the Bohenian language introduced into crainciar schools? The 
same way as it is being done in the case of the German lan{niap,e, Gerriian is o 

being taught in the fifth, sirth, seventh, and eighth grades of graramar schools 
wherever tiie parents of at least fifty children request it. Now, let us start 
the campaign this sunnier; right non, I have no doubt tlmt in such Bohemian 
centers as Pilsen, California, Tabor, Tovm of Lake, and others, it vrould be 
possible to get toi^etlier not hundreds, but thousands of Boheraian parents to 
request the teachinc^ of the Bohemian language in the 3.ocal public schools. 
Our representative on the School Board, Uv, Joseph ii. Eolpuch could then be 



1 b 



- 10 - 



B0II£3:iiilI 



Denni laasatel , June 27, 1915. 



II 3 2 f 
I C 
IV 

requested to present the petition to the School Board, and a petition 
signed by thousands of parents and supported by our associations, lodges, 
etc, could not fail beinc heard and granted. 






I A 1 b EOHEagAN 

I A 3 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 4, 1914. 

BOHEMIAN LANGUAGE IN HIQI SCH00I3 

Ins tiruct Ions In the Bohemian language continues satisfactorily at Harrison 
High School. There are forty-nine new pupils in two classes, and 123 in all 
five classes — a considerable number. Of course, it could be much larger if 
it were not for various circumstances limiting the attendance. For instance, 
pupils of technical courses are not admitted in foreign-language classes* For 
others the schedule of hours interferes, the Bohemian classes taking place at 
times when the would-be enrollees are occupied by their regular studies. 

I wish to invite the attention of our public to the fact that all high school 
subjects will be taught in the night classes at Harrison High School. There 
will be also an advanced course in the Bohemian language and literature. But 
this course will be offered only if there is a sufficient nui:iber of students. 

There are many of those among us who did not have an opportunity to complete 
their education while in the old country. The knowledge of the Bohemian 



C3 






I A 1 b 



- 2 - 



BOHHli'vlL^I 



Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 4, 1914. 



language is very important from the practical point of view to our businessmen, 
lavjyers, physicians, etc J Do not fail to enroll if your are interested in see- 
ing this course in operationl 



-o 

3>- 



Bohuml Krai 



o 

CO 

cr 



I A 1 b BOESIOAIT .! 

I A 3 ": 

Denni Hlasatel , Sopt. 30, 1914. § 

AN ADV-AITCID BOffi::.IEAlI COURSE 

Mr. ?raiik I.:orse, superintondsnt of the Carter H, EaiTison Hi.f::h School where 
the Boheiiiaii laasuage is beine tan::ht in day classes, is planning to organize 
an advanced eveninc; course in the Boherian language* -'e hope that his ex- 
peririent /.'ill be foimd of sj^eciel interest to our public. 

This nev7 course -//ould con::iot of lectures in i^nctlish on Bohemian histoid'- and 
literature, and the reading of the best Bohenian books in the ori{::inal. There 
vrould also be training in v/riting Bohemian papors and essays. Instruction ■ 
of this kind should be particularly useful to our ladies, physicians, lav/ye rs, 
and students v;ho desire to perfect themselves in the Bohemian languac^:e and 
learn to knov; the spirit and beauty of t/.e creative literar:' -'Ork of our 
nation. 

Since, liovjevor, this course, so useful to so many of us and most creditable 



^i. 



lb - 2 - B0IIE!IA1I 



Denni laasatel . Sept. 30, 1914. 

to all of us, will be organized only if there is a sufficient enrollr.ient of 
students, v-;e urge all our public to take advantar.e of it in large ntinbers 
and thus assure its existence. Applicationo v:ill be received at the Carter 
II. Harrison High School, 24th Street and California Avenue, Thursday and 
Friday, October 1 and 2. Let*s all try hard and see to it that this course 
becomes a reality. 



-o 



I A 1 b BOHSMIAN 

III B 2 

Denii£ Hlasatel , Sept. 2, 1914, 

TO BOHSLlLiJ Pi^lilJTS AInT) STUDENTS 

By now it is generally known that the Cesko-Ziinericka Narodnl Rada (Bohemian- 
American National Council) has succeeded in having the Chicago Board of Edu- 
cation introduce the Bohemian language as one of the regular subjects into 
Chicago high schools, and by that fact put our language on the same level with :&i 
German and French, Nov/ it is up to our parents and their children to see that <=^ 
Bohemian is really taught, because it will be introduced only into those high ^ 

schools where a sufficient number of students enroll in the Bohemian classes. 12 

o 
It should be unnecessary to appeal to our countrymen* s patriotism in these Lo 
days, and we are sure that each and every one of them v/ill do his duty. But § 
we v;ant to show that the knov;ledge of the Bohemian language now has a practical 
value. High school students are required to study at least one foreign lan- 
guage. To take up French and German is often v/astcd effort, because it is 
practically impossible to leam a language in the short school terms. The 
little that the students are able to learn is soon forgotten. But a Bohemian 



VT 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOIEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 2, 1914# 

student livjs among people v;ho talk that language at home; he hears it spoken 
constantly; he uses it froir; time to time hinsolf; and thus everything he 
learns at school becomes of permanent value, Md what a value it hasi Our 
physicians, businessmen, lawyers, and artist agree- on the great value of the 
Bohemian languace because it opens nev; fields of activity, nev; spheres of ^ 
marketing, not only among the Bohemians, but also among the Jlovalcs, Poles, ^ 
and other Slavic people who can understand our language. A knowled-.e of F; 
Bohemian is a key to a number of other tongues and a door to a number of other <^ 

nations. 5c 

o 

Hov/ever, let us not forget the cultural value v;hich the knoviledge of Bohemian o 
has for our youth. It is our aim and desire to introduce into the rapidly ^ 
developing American nation the very best elements of our race, and thus gain 
true merit for future /jnerica. This, however, cannot be achieved if our 
youth is ignorant of the best that is in our character and in our history, We 
want to merge with .-^erica, rather than get lost without a trace. 



I A 1 b - 3 - BOimMJ 

III B 2 

Dennl Hlasatel. Sept, 2, 1914. 

Therefore, let there be no Bohemian hi^h school boy or cirl who v/ould neg- 
lect his or her ovm interest and not enroll in Bohe:riian classes. 

Signed: Cesko-Moricka Narodni Rada, ^ 



za 
o 

CO 



I A 1 b B0IIEI.O:.itT 

I B 3 b 

III A Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 11, 1913. 

NOT liirTOUGII ri?ID3 

In order to determine the effectiveness of the aT)T:eal to Bohenian rarents to 
have their hip;h-GChool children enroll in the Boheriian department, v;e visited ^ 
the Farragut Kigh School yesterday. By the v/ay, since the bepinnine of this ^ 
term, the school has been called the Carter H. Harrison Hich School. p 

;/e v/ere received by the scliool 'principal himself, Llr, F. L. I.'orse, and v;hen 3 



we told him the purpose of our visit, he assured us most kindly that he 
v;ould be very happy to f^ive us any information v;e might v;ish to have, 
./hat v;e heard from him, hov;ever, and the confirmation v;e later received 
from rrcfessor B. ?:ral, who is in chari-^e of the Bohemian department, was 
infinitely less pleasant than our reception. Only thirty-five pupils have 
enrolled in the beginners* class this year; four of them are not even of 
Bohemian descent. /%ie article lists the names of the pupils_j7' 



CO 

c=> 

on 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOIISI.;iAIJ 

I B 3 b 

III A Dennl Hlasatel . oept. 11, 1913, 

Last year this department started v.lth forty -nupils,. ..of v.^arn only thirty 
remained in February, v/hen fifty-eic^ht ner/j pupils joined the class. Of 
these, thirty-six enrolled for the second-year course, and of the original • 

class, only sixteen pupils enrolled in the third-year, that is, the advanced ^ 
class. Thus, all in all, there are eighty-five pupils in the Bohemian ,-^ 

department this year. The beginners' class consists of thirty-five, the p 

second-year class of thirty- four, and the. advanced class of sixteen T^uriils, "^ 

The enrollment in the beginners' class -vas smaller this year than it :vas "" 

at the same time last year, ^-^.s arainst thls/recordT', the German depart- ';\; 

ment of the same school opened tv;o be-i^inners' classes, each with thirty-tv;o ^' 
pupils. Two beginners' classes with an enual number of -oupils vjere opened 
also in the Latin department. The fact that in both of these departments 
there are also children of Bohemian descent makes the comparison that much 
more disappointing, nay, baffling. 

lie do not vash to underestimate the value of any lan^-^uage. All of them have 



lb - 3 _ ^ BOIISLIIaW 



I B 3 b 

III A Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 11, 1913. 

their importance and meaning in this world. But nobody can accuse us of 
chauvinism if v;e say that ac far as v/e ourselves are concerned, the Bohemian 
language must be our primary interest. .7e are far fron any chauvinism, but 
'.ve do hate the necessity of raisinp- the accunation that the first ones to .^ 

underestimate the value of Bohemian, their o\vn native lan.o-uage, are the :o 

Bohemian parents themselves. If that vrere not the case, they v/ould do all ^ 

they could to see that their children learned that language in viiich they p 

could best talk to one another from heart to heart, from soul to soul ^^ 

If the parents do not care vjhether or not their children learn to speak, ^^ 

read, and v/rite Bohemian, the children themselves will care still less. 
On the other hand, if the parents ^/rould instill in their children, from 
their very earliest ap:e, a healthy interest in the Bohemian lanr-ua^-e, and oi 

would keep it u^^, that interest v;ould r*row and develop into love and affec- 
tionate reverence, and the Bohemian clepartment of the Harrison IIi(?;h School 
i70uld have not eiphty-five, but three or four hundred pupils. The school 
is in the very center of one of the larrest Bohemian settlements and — accord- 
ing to its principal — between seventy and seventy-five per cent of its pupils 



Cv') 

ro 



I A 1 b - 4 - EOKg-'UI-: 

I B 3 b 

III A Dennl Hlasatel . 3ept. 11, 1913. 

are of Bohemian origin. 

.•/hen !.'r. Morse says he deeply rerrets the fact that the Bolierr.ian department 

of his school is far behind other departments, and that he cannot find any -^ 

explanation for this phenomenon, all v.'e can say is that this sad state of -* 

affairs is for us Bohemians exceedinf^ly embarrassin'^ and nuts us to deep i= 

shame, ^^ 

Vx, I.'orse frankly admitted that he had expected a much larr^er enrollment, w 

and that he had also been ready to open tvro classes for the bef^inners. He ^" 

had made all the necessary arranp;ements v/ith Professor Krai, and had never 
failed to shov; his own strong personal interest in the success of the Bohemian 
venture. His disa^r>ointment is keen, Nov/ he kno'.vs that our parents are 
indifferent, and consequently their children are disinterested. In fact, 
he seems to have noticed that the children are even ashamed of their parents' 
language. .That a sad observation! .Ind how much more rad it is ivhen made 



•a. 



I A 1 b - 5 - BOirsr.:iAiT 

I B 3 b 

III A Denni Hlasatel . 3ept. 11, 1913. 

by an outsider and supported by fi-ures v;hich need no interpretation. 

V/hen he took us into the classroom of Professor llral — empty at that time 

because of lack of students to listen to the Professor's lecture — he re- :S 

marked that he would be happier if sometiiin,'^ could be done to change the 5 

sad state of affairs. There v/as still time to attempt it, he thou,'3ht. ^ 

He now again address an ax)peal to Bohemian :^arents of the Harrison High r; 

School students to av;aken their children to an interest in the Bohemian :p 

department of the school, and to see to it that they apply for enrolLment. o 

If we have a lar^^e enrollment in that de':^rtment, 7;e v;on*t be doin^ the o> 

school a favor, nor v;ill we be doin^; the Chicago Board of j^Jucation a favor; jv^ 

the only ones 'vho will ^^rofit by it v.'ill be ourselves, Je vail profit be- *■" 
cause the younger ^-eneration will be strenf^thened and because vie will 
av/aken the self-respect on which so much depends. 

V 

Now, let us do our duty. Let us not permit ourselves to be put to shame by 



I A 1 b - 6 - BOnaJIAN 

I E 3 b 

III xi Denni Hlasatel . Gspt. 11, 1913, 

a fev; non-Bohemians viho also send their children to the Harrison Ilirrh .3chool. 
Let us prov'j that ^'.'e appreciate the fact that the Bohsnian lanrua^^e may 
now be taught in an?/ nublic school v/here there are enough pupils v;ho v/ant 
to study it. Let us not '?ernit thims to come to such a pass that non- 
Bohemians in .»merica vjill be able to say that they viere more interested in, ^ 
and had a p;reater ap-reciation of the Bohemian lanrmace than v^e ourselves, F 

-t3 

TO 

o 

Oc 
c:> 
rs:> 

in 



-O 



I A 1 b < B0H5I.IIAI^ 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 5, 1913. 

OUR LANGfUi\GE Jli THS SCHOOIS 

(Editorial) 

It was only natural that we were greatly pleased last year over the introduc- 
tion of the Bohemian language as a subject of instruction in the hi^ schools ^ 
on the condition that a sufficiont number of pupils would enroll in the Bohe- 5 
mian classes. Shortly after this victory, we came close to a disappointment ^ 
when the fact was disclosed that among Bohemian parents and pupils, there is r; 
no genuine interest in this most important achievement. ~o 

o 
This year offers an excellent opportunity to do what was neglected last year, ^ 
If this opportunity is not taken advantage of fully, we shall stop wondering S 
why the Chicago Board of ^education tarried so long before consenting to the <^ 
introduction of the Bohemian language into the hi^ schools. This would al- 
most lead us to believe that the Board may knav us better than we know our- 
selves • 



I A 1 b BOHEIvgAN 

II B 2 f 

II A 3 b Dennl Hlasatel . Aug. 31, 1913. 

II B 3 

THE imi SCHOOL YEAR BEGUMS 

The day after tomorrow classes will start in Chicago public schools, and our 
school authorities expect that in all of thera the enrollment will be considera- 
bly larger than in any preceding year. It even seems probable that some schools ^ 
in thickly populated districts v/ill not be able to accommodate all enrolled -^ 
children. For Bohemian parents of this city, the beginning of the school year F^ 
is especially important, because this is the time when they should realize that <- 
the decision of whether or not the teaching of the Bohemian language in Chicago Ig 
, public schools v/ill be continued rests upon them, and, what is more, vrtiether £ 
or not the Chicago Board of Education will continue to be of the opinion that ^ 
the Bohemian language is a subject whose teaching the public really desires. p5 
It required a great deal of sincere effort — in fact a very real fight — to cause ~" 
the Boeird of Education to introduce the Bohemian language into those schools 
which show that a sufficient number of their pupils are enrolling in Bohemian 
classes. If this decision of the Board should ever be rescinded, it would not 
be because of the Board's failure to do its duty, but definitely and only 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHKLTTAN 

II B 2 f 

II A 3 b Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 31, 1913, 

.II B 3 

because of the failure of the Bohemian public to attach proper value 
to the achievement of those who had made it their duty to see the Bohemian 
language among the subjects of instruction in Chicago public schools. 



3> 



Last year Bohemian classes were started in the Farragut High School, but the 

enrollment was nothing to be proud of. This is the time to wake up from our f= 

indifference toward a matter of great importemce. If all Bohemian parents do C 

their duty and see to it that their children enroll in Bohemian classes, such ^ 

classes will become a part of the program not of only one school in Chicago, 2 

but of all schools in every Chicago district which has a preponderance of ^ 

Bohemian residents !^ 



en 



Also instruction will soon begin in our Bohooiian schools. For instance, in 
our largest Bohemian school, the one maintained by the Fatronat (trustees) 
Vojta Naprstek, enrollment for all of its six classes will take place September 
6 and 7. It is to be expected that our parents will enroll their children in 
time, and thus make it possible for the school to take off with all its pupils 



I A 1 b - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 f 

II A 3 b Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 31, 1913. 

II B 3 

for the year. The minimum age limit is six years, and the clay's 
program for pupils of public school age is arranged so that they can take part 
in recreational activities such as games and athletics after school hours. 



-o 

3> 



The gymnastic school of Sokol Plzen will again be under the direction of ^ 
Brother Rudolf Styblo, whose activity in this respect is well known and generally rj 
appreciated. 



7f3 
O 



Also the Cesko-Delnicky Pevecky Sbor (Bohemian V/orkingmen*s Singing Chorus) will oo 
open its vocal and violin school September 7, and just as last year, Mr. Jos. S 
Maly will act as the school's principal, ^ 



I A 1 b BOHStJLAN 

Dennf Hlasatel, Feb. 9, 1913. 

BOHam^J CLASSES IN HIGH SCHOOLS 

It gives us pleasure to report that the enrollment of students in classes 
of the Bohemian language to be held in Harrison (formerly Parragut) High 
School is very satisfactory. Two new classes of over twenty-five students 
each have been formed, increasing the total of those who learn the Bohemian 
language there to more than ninety. There were more applicants, but not all 
of them could be accepted. 

The Medill High School received over thirty applications. However, since 
there was no competent teacher readily available, and no hours could be 
agreed upon which would be satisfactory to a large enough number of students, 
the organization of classes and instruction, had to be postponed. Arrangements 
Eire now in progress which will make it possible to accommodate all applicants 
at the start of the next school year. Parents are cautioned, however, to 
apply in advance for the acceptance of their children. 



,A/ 



I A 1 b - 2 - B0H3ML\N 

Deiml Hlasatel. Feb. 9, 1913. 

So far, instruction in the Bohemian language is offered in the Harrison 
High School only, at Spaulding Avenue near 24th Street. Next year, classes 
will be formed in all high schools in which a sufficient nxomber of students 
applies ..••• 



lm.B 



I A 1 b BOIEML^ 

III B 2 

Dennl Hlasatel. Jan. 31, 1913, 

MOST URGEInTT NATIONAL DUTY 
Lack of Appreciation of the Introduction 
of the Bohemian Language in Schools 
Would Prove This Privilege Undeserved 

(Bohemian-American Press Bureau) 

A good old Bohemian proverb says that one who is ashamed of his native lan- 
guage should be generally despised. For our American conditions this can be 
amplified by saying that one who does not give his children a Bohemian edu- 
cation is not a Bohemian* 

It would be impossible to imagine that a descendant of one of the most highly 
educated people of Europe, a people whose history teems with gallant deeds 
and self-sacrificing efforts toward human progress; a son of a country abound- 
ing in rare beauties; a scion of a nation which has a great past and is aw 
ening to face a great future, could be ashamed before his children of his/o' 
mother tongue. 




I A 1 b - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Dennf Hlasatel . Jan. 31, 1913, 

Is it possible that Bobemlaix parents would not gladly and enthusiastically 
welcome an opportunity to give their children a knoprledge of the Bohemian 
language; to make them aware of its beauty, its rich literature; and to be 
happy in the thought that they will be able to talk with their children- 
even when the children grow up~in the beloved, pleasing, and harmonious 
language which is their native tongue? 

A Bohemian language class will open at I^rragut High School (Carter Harrison 
High School) on Monday, February 3. If all parents who were interested in 
the introduction of the Bohemian language in our high schools at the time 
when the Narodnf Rada (Bohemian-American National Council) was fighting for 
its acceptance as one of the subjects of instruction, and who gave a written 
approval to that organization's efforts, vjill also nov/, when the desired end 
has been achieved, do their sacred duty, the class will be overcrowded with 
Bohemian pupils* 

We all know that it was somewhat difficult to arrange the schedule so that /^^ 

" m. 



I A 1 b - 3 - BOHSMIAN 

III B 2 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 31, 1913, 

it would be convenient for all students. But this matter is too important 
to permit neglect because of any slight inconvenience. Should this great 
gain become lost through indifference? Would not our nationedity become 
ridiculous in the eyes of the American public? 

The significance of a discontinuation by the high schools of the teaching 
of the Bohemian language would be easy to imagine. It would indicate our 
indifference toward the way v;e are being treated. It v/ould prove that for 
us our nationality is meaningless, that we do not care. It would be a 
blemish which no amount of washing could remove from our record. 

Besides, it should be taken into consideration that the Bohemian language 
is both of cultural and practical Tdlue even here in America. There are 
well-known Bohemian- American scientists whose success is due to their 
thorough knowledge of the Bohemian language. There are many who profit 
by it in their daily life, in business, in their contacts with people, in 
politics, and in countless other ways. The fact that the Bohemian language 



UJ 



m. 



I A 1 b - 4 - BOHSMLW 

III B 2 

Dennl Hlasatel« Jan. 31, 1913« 

can be used as a key in the study of other Slavonic languages — languages in 
which great literary and scientific works are written — is also important. 

Hence, the Bohemian language is of considerable cultural value, and the 
knowledge of it is just as much an evidence of higher education as the 
knowledge of any other modem language. 

Parents of children of school age, let us not deprive our children of this 
rare opportunity! Let us fulfill our duty toward them, toward ourselves, 
and toward our nationi 

Let us enroll our children in the Bohemian class today! 



m. 



I A 1 b BOHSMIAN 

III B 2 

I F 4 Dennl Hlasatel . May 5, 191E, 

I C 

17 THE B0HEML4N LANGU ^C3S IN THE HIGE SCHOOLS 

Efforts of the Cesko-J^ericka Narodnl Rada Crowned with Success 

In the annals of cultural attaiiunauts of Chicago Bohemians, there should be ^ 

entered a nev/ grand success of which we have every reason to be proud — and 5 

that is the introduction, at last, of the Bohemian language as an elective <::v 

course of study in the local high schools. p 



-o 



The movement, which was started by the Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada (Bohemian- § 
American National Council) and which seemed to be almost hopeless in view of ^ 
the many obstacles, at last has met with success. Today we have before us g 
the actual fact that the Bohemian language, as the result of a resolution of S 
the Board of Education adopted in a meeting held on May 1, 191E, will be 
taught in all high schools wtiare a sufficiently large number of pupils apply 
(that is, at least thirty}* 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

I F 4 Deiml Hlasatel . May 5, 1912. 

I C 

IV Today it depends only upon Bohemian parents to make use of this advan- 
tage in order that with a sufficiently large number of Bohemian students, 

the teaching of the Bohemian language may be given a permanent place in the 
educational system of our schools. The larger the number of students study- 
ing the Bohemian Icmguage. the more convincing the proof that the demand of 
the Cesko-AmerlOka Narodni Rada was a just and warranted demand and that this 
representative body of ours, in its endeavors to have the Bohemisin language F= 
introduced into the Chicago school system, voiced the wishes of all our <-- 
Bohemian people* S 



The struggle for the introduction of the Bohemian language into the school 
system was not easy and required much work and effort on the part of 
enthusiastic workers united in the Cesko-i^nericka Narodni Rada. It was 
necesseupy to place before the Board of Education convincing reasons for the 
introduction of the Bohemian language. Pressure was exerted upon the members 
of the Board by various petitions and written requests. The situation was 



-T3 
JO 



CO 

CD 

ro 

"■^ 



I A 1 b - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

I F 4 DennI Hlaaatel , May 5, 191E. 

I C 

XV complicated In no small measure by the fact that no sooner was the 

demEuad of the Cesko-Americka HarodnlRada known than the representatives 
of other nationalities began to send petitions of a similar nature to almost 
every meeting of the Board of Education. There were times when it seemed 
that all this effort would come to naught and that the requests for instruc- ^ 
tion in all foreign languages would be rejected; but thanks to the persistence ^ 
of some of the more farsight ed members of the Board of Education, first among p 
whom was the Bohemian member, Mr. James B. Dibelka, and likewise the -^ 

Superintendent of Schools, Mrs. Ella ilagg Young, opposition faded day by day. ^ 
Finally, in the meeting held on May 1, 1912, v/hen the question of teaching £ 
foreign languages came to a vote, a motion in that sense was approved by a o 
large majority, ^ 

Aside from the success in having the Bohemian lemguage Introduced as a course 
of study, the Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada deserves credit for the fact that 
the Bohemians were first among the various foreign nationalities to bring 



I A 1 b - 4 - B0H5MIAN 

III B 2 

I F 4 Dennf Hlasatel. May 5, 1912, 

I C 

IV this important movement to life and to make possible its accomplishment. 
This success is Just added proof of the satisfactory results which can be 
achieved by persistent effort, in the first place, and by a central organiza- ^ 
tion which, as a representative of the whole, is able to ccmpel respect and ^ 
recognition and secure the approval of its requests which undoubtedly would '^ 
be ignored under other circumstances. The successful fight to have the -17 
Bohemian language taught in the high schools and the alacrity with which the ^ 
lectures arranged by the Cesko-Americka Narodnl Rada are v/elcomed in our 
local public schools proves unmistakably that v/ith proper representation, it 
is possible for us to accomplish results in non- Bohemian circles which seemed 
impossible a short time ago. 



o 



fo 
ro 



I A 1 b BOEErJAN 

IV 

Demi Hlasatel . May 2, 1912. 

TH3 BOARD OF 2DUCATI0N YESTERDAY RESOLVED THAT BOHEMIAN .^ND 
OTHER LIVING LANGUAGES MY BE TAUGJIT IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS 



A matter, the settlement of which has long been eagerly av:aited by the whole 

Bohemian people v/as finally broiight to a vote in yesterday's meeting of the y^ 

Board of Education. The request of the Cesko-iiimericka Narodni Rada (Bohemian- -p 

American National Council) that the Bohemian language be taught in the public ^ 

schools was discussed and acted upon. As v/e know, the superintendent of go 

schools, Ilrs. Ella Flagg Young, spoke in favor of the request, and our repre- o 

sentative on the school board, Mr. Vaclav DibelkeC, vrorked zealously for its oj 

approval. Their efforts met with complete success. jo 

Because the 3v/edes and other nationalities ^-dio'have settled here expressed 
the same desire as the Bohemians, the motion was worded so that any living 
language may be taught for which there are a sufficiently large number of 
requests to warrant the appointment of a teacher. A large majority of the 
board members voted favorably on the matter, there being only four dissenting 
votes. 



1 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHl^'TAM 

IV 

Denni Elasatel. Llay 2, 1912. 

It nov/ rests with Bohemian parents to malce use of this opportunity by hav- 
ing their children apply for these courses. The Ceska Narodni Rada will 
surely give them further advice and infomation. 

It v/as also decided in yesterdaj'^'s meeting not to teach sex hygiene in the 

public schools, as was requested by sone person's. The motion was defeated 

at a private conference held in the office of the president of the Board 

of Education. A conpromise of sorts was arrived at in that ^2,500 was set p 

aside for the teaching of parents along these lines by the holding of ^ 

meetings in the assambly halls of schools. g 



A school census will be instituted today, and it is expected that the enu- 
meration will be comnleted in the course of three weeks. 






CO 



I A 1 b • BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 1, 191E. 

LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION IN SCHOOLS 

Mrs, J, C. MacMahon, a member of the Chicago Board of Education, talked 
before the Irish Fellov/ship Club about a most important question which, 
due to the initiative of the Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada (Bohemian- 
American National Council) has come before the said Board, The problem 
is that of instruction in modern languages in Chicago public schools if 
there is a sufficient enrollment for the classes, Mrs. Lacilahon is in 
favor of this request but desires that Gaelic also — the now almost extinct 
language of the Irish — be taught. 

Said she: "One of the reasons why our principal, Mrs. Young, has agreed 
with the plan, according to which more attention should be given to the 
teaching of immigrants' native languages, is the attitude of their 
children. In many cases the children are ashamed of their parents; they 
want to forget their origin, and they are in no Wdy trying to learn the 
language which is spoken in their homes. There is no reason why the 



"m"' 



vO 



I A 1 b 



- 2 - 



BOHEailAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 1, 1912. 

children should not be proud of their parents' native country and tongue. 
Making them familiar with the history and literature of the country of 
their origin would keep the children closer to their mothers and fathers, 
V/hen the instruction of such languages is introduced into the schools, 
Gaelic must not be omitted. It is a modern language and one from which 
all other tongues have developed." 



W.P.A 



I A 1 b BOHfaMLAl\i 

IV 

Deimi Hlasatel , Mar. 7, 1912. 

THE TEACHING OiT THE BOHEt.lAK LANGUAGE 
Administrative Goimnittee of the Board of Education 
Adopts a Resolution To Bring Our Mother Tongue 
into the Public Schools 

An important resolution which is the result of the energetic agitation of 
our Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada (Bohemian-American National Council), the 
endeavors of the Bohemian member of the Board of Education, kr. J. B. 
Dibelka, and a true understanding on the part of the Superintendent of 
Schools, Ivirs, Ella Flagg Young, was adopted by the Administrative Committee 
of the Board of Education and presented for approval at yesterday's meeting. 
It was decided that in the future, whenever at least thirty pupils apply for 
instruction in any modern language at any school, that language will be 
introduced as a subjeo-t of study, lurs. Young was an ardent supporter of the 
plan which met with the agreement of the majority of members of the Board of 
Education. 






\6^-?A^| i 



I A 1 b - 2 - bukel:ian . 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Liar. 7, 1912. 

There is no doubt that Bohemian parents will see to it that Bohemian becomes 
one of the languages, since the demands for its instruction have been most 
numerous. We have an advantage in that our children are concentrated in a 
small number of schools, and we hope that not only thirty but more than one 
hundred pupils will apply at each of these schools for instruction in the 
Bohemian language. 

To be sure, there was strong opposition to this proposal,,,. On the basis 
of this opposition the recommendation of the Administrative Committee was 
returned for further consideration. 

It will be necessary for Bohemian parents to exert great pressure upon the 
members of the Board of Education in this matter. The recommendation of 
the Administrative Committee concerns only the high schools. 






I A 1 b B0H3IvfL;N 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 15, 1911. 

IV 

TEIH CZnCI-I LATIGUAGE 11-3 'JKH; HICK SCK00L3 

"..e stand upon the threshold of an event very importarit to our national life: 
The introduction of the Czech language in our high schools is to become a 
reality ver^' soon, for LIrs. 211a Flagg-Young, the superintendent of Chicago 
schools, pronised that she v;ill recornmend in the J- nuarj'' meeting of the 
Board of Education that the Czech language be int reduced .;herever a sufficient 
niwiber of pupils apply. It must be added that no language is compulsory, 
but that each student has the right to choose the language v:hich he v/ishes 
to study. Where there are no pupils it will be impossible to teach the 
Czech language, and for that reason a proclamation was issued by the Cesko- 
i^erikou Narodni I^^dou (Bohemian-American iiiational Council) calling upon the 
parents of Czech children in the high schools to send their names and addresses 
to the Bohemian-.^^erican National Council as soon as possible so that Czech 
classes can be organized just as soon as lirs, Young*s recomraendation has 
been voted on. The Council has several such applications on hand already. 



t 






I A 1 b . - 2 - BOEEr.IL'J^T 

III B 2 

I C Denni Elasatel , Dec, 15, 1911. 

IV 

It is necessary, hov;ever, that all those whom it concerns should send 
their names. 

L!rs. Yoimg*£ promise vras made to the secretary/ of the Bohemian-American 
National Council, Professor Jaroslav J. Zmrhal, over a month ago when he 
v/as discussing with her the lectures now being given in the public schools. 
She spoke highly of them and showed genuine interest in the activities of 
the Bohemian-American National Council, 

"Activities such as these have been needed for a long time," she said; "up 
to the ijresent the chasm between the school ard the home was almost too 
great. ITrom vdiat the Bohemian-^American National Council is doing for the 
Czechs, there v/ill follov; benefits not only for the Czechs but for the city 
and state as well, because from children brought up in that way there vdll 
grow up a generation of enlightened citizens." 

This is the first time that we Czechs have been met with such willingness.! 




lb - 3 - BOIEi.il^ilT 



III B 2 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 15, 1911. 

IV 

Our cause v/as recognized without pressure, simply on the basis of rational 
argunents and national equality. To be sure, there v;as riuch ork attached 
to it; hov;ever, it v;as and is a v;ork crovmed v;ith success. 

Our Bohemian member of the Chicago Board of ilducation, I.Ir. J. B. Dibelka, 
is working diligently for the success of our cause and this week will present 
to I'.Irs. Young the representative committee of the Bohemian-.jnerican National 
Council ,.hich will make the formal request for the introduction of the Czech 
language as a course of study in the high schools. 

Another important activity v;as begun by LIr. Dibelka, in that he is investi- 
gating conditions in the high schools and gathering statistics on the Czech 
pupils so. that the introduction of the Czech language v;ill not remain a 
dead subject, but so that the organization of classes can be commenced as 
soon as LIrs. Young's recommendation is acted upon by the School Board. ^- ; 'X 



H. 



1 b 



BOHEMLhN 



I B 3 b 
III B 2 
I C 
IV 



Dennl Hlasatel. Dec. 7, 1911. 

A V/ORD TO CzaCH PiiRSKTS 



The request of the Cesko-i^ericka Narodni Rada (Boheiaian-.^erican National 
Council), that the Bohemian language be introduced as an elective course 
of study in the high schools of Chicago, will be discussed it the January- 
meeting of the Chicaj;o Board of Education, Its request, vdiich is not un- 
reasonable ;vhen we take into consideration the multitude of Czechs settled 
in Chicago, as v/ell as their industrial and political maturity, is supported 
by the National Council v;ith a list of practical and logical reasons v/hich 
will surely be taken into consideration in responsible circles. But the 
most convincing reason is the resolute desire of the Bohemian people that 
the Czech language be introduced as a course of study in the high schools, 
and chiefly the desire of those Czech parents who either are sending or 
expect to send their children to the high schools and who want to use the 
privilege of the study of the Czech language to their advantage. The 
school authorities are willingly meeting the wishes of the citizens and 
there is not the least doubt that the request of the Czech parents will be 



' il 




1 b 



I B 3 b 
III 3 2 



BOILill.iT: 



Denri i Ml a 3 at -; 1 , Doc. 7, 1911. 



I G 

IV frrantcd, if sufficient Interest, supported by nuneroun proofs, is sliovm 

in the v/hole idea. It is absolutely unthinkable that the cichool board 
vrould introduce into the educational syaten of the schools so;;iethini- v;hich 
■ ould not bo apT^reciated iOid of vjhich ■idvanta-.G tvould not be ta.^cen. It is 
needless to have such fear>'>; lea-t of all about the question of introducin;- 
the Czech lanr::ua.-e ir.to the hi;;h schools. Today, the Bohej-iian-^uaerican 
Kational Council already has a I'/hole riass of concurring and syapathetic 
co::i'nunications from ths ranlcs of Ciiech parents v.ho v/elconed the idea, not 
only as a nev; roco^nition of Gaecli ri^^:hts :nd a nev/ proof of our cultural 
.maturity, but priraarily as a really practical step, v;hich aside fron the 
educational c^uestlon v.ill jaean chiefly th^; 5trenf/,thenin/; of our Bohenianisni 
v/here it is funda!!ientally needed — ;jnon;: our student youth. Nevertheless, 
the desire of the Bohej.iian- Jieric^m I'ational Council i-: that Lhe number of 
the.v.e concurrin-j coruiiurii cat ions bo as l''r:*e as possible, so that there will 
not be the slit;:htest doubt about the lo^ic and justice of our request. 
iTor that reason, the Bohenian-.xiericim. national Council turns to all Jzech 
parents \iho are sendinr; or expect to send their childr^ju to hir^h school,,.. 




I 



I A 1 b 



- 3 - 



BOHiliJI/iM 



Denni Klas atel, Dec. 7, 1911. 



I B 5 b 

III B 2 
I C 

IV and likewise to all our iiixluential persons and circles taking an 
interest in the idea, so that, in this pro j act — the introduction of the 

Czech lanr^acre into the hi.nh schools — they nay be of assistance. Our lodges 
are holding their annual meetings this month and this question ought to 
receive due attention and fitting resolutions should be adopted at these 
meetings. V.'here only an individual is concerned, it is sufficient to give 
nerely the name and address, but so far as a lodge is concerned, it is 
necessary to give the name of the lodge or union and, i^ some cases, the 
nuiuber of members. 

All these concurring communications should be sent to the address of the 
organizer of the Bohemian-.'imerican r:ational Council, Ilr. Enrique 3tanko 
Vraz, 1617 c3outh Millard jivenue, Chicago, Illinois. 




There is not the slightest doubt that the desire of the Bohemian-American 
National Council v/ill find proper response and quick fulfillment among 
our Czech parents and the ranks of our lodges. 



I -. 1 b 

III a 
I c 






Denni lilasatel , Dec. 6, 1911. 



Tli3 Iniii oration Gor;i...is3ion in '..ashinGtcn hua just conpleted a report on 
the Chicago public ochools ;uid fron this report it appears that Czech 
children, tha;; is, children or parents bom in Bohenia, are nu.-.ierically 
in third place ai.iong iirHrdGrant nationalitioso -ccordinc to the report, 
235,45.'3 children attend the local public schojls, and of these, 75,887 
are of native-born parents. Ir.inediately follo-.-ino;, are G-er;.:an-born 
children, of '..hen there are 3C,155; then follov; 17,773 oVedish children; 
16,165 Czech children; 16,021 .cus si an- Jewish children; 10,565 Irish 
children; 10,170 Italian children; 7,465 Polish children; 6,4£3 ITor./e- 
Gian children; Jn^lish, Canadian, ■".ierr.ian-JG^.:ish, Danish, Scotch, Dutch, 
Polish-Jovash, French, J-oisji^oa, hun3arian, Lithuanian, and ilovaic. .>.c- 
cordin^ to the report, Czech children are by far nore nui.iarous in the 
public schools than are Polish children, but, nevertheless, the Polish 
langua^^e is tauciht in the local hi.-ii schools. 'Ihese fif^res v:ill be a 





— c^ — J3wi-::ti..X--jj.> 

Denni _ Illasatel , Dsc. 6, 1911, 

c Olivine in;; urGUiiicnt that the Gzecli lanc^uago should also be tauGht thero. 
.-iS has been nentionod, these fisures are concerned onlj'- v;ith the chil- 
dren of foreicn-bora parents. There are also nany thousand Gzoch children 
not included in this report whose parents '..ere born in this country. 






I A 1 b BOHBI.IIAN 

I C 

lY Denni Illasatel . Nov. 28, ISll. 

JOYFUL IGTi'/S 
We Have Hope That the Czech Language '.Vill Be 
Taught In the High Schools of Our City 

Fron what we hear from reliable sources, it is very likely, that our Czech 
language v;ill be taught in the Chicago high schools. This privilege, as we 
well knov;, up to the present is enjoyed only by the Poles. To be sure, we 
are not as numerous here as are the Poles, but, nevertheless, v/e are an 
iiiiportant part of the cosmopolitan population of our metropolis. In business, 
industry, and politics \ie achieved success and gained the attention of 
iunericans and members of other nationalities much sooner than did our Polish 
brothers. 

We have recently been informed by a distinguished fellow-citizen and friend 
of our paper that recognition of our mother tongue is zealousy being sought 
by Professor Jaroslav J, Zmrhal, Professor Zrarhal already has had a discussion 
on this matter v/ith LIrs. Slla Elagg Yoxrng, Superintendent of the Chicago 






I A 1 b - 2 - BOHSMI/iN 

I C 

IV Denni Klasatel, Nov. 28, ISll. 

Public Schools, and she is favorably inclined tov/ard his aims (to introduce 
the Czech language as a course of study in the high schools). The Board 
of Education's Coinraittee on Education is also ic favor of this idea, so that 
T/e have good prospects that after Nev; Year we stall have gained this prized 
success, v;hich v;ill have great significance especially for our young people 
in so far as they are able to dedicate themselves to higher education. The 
superintendent of public schools, L'Irs. Ella "^agg Young, will introduce a 
motion on teaching the Czech language in the high schools at the January 
meeting of the Board of Education, and we hope that her povi^erful recommen- 
dations and perhaps the help of other favorable elements will succeed in 
bringing about these aims, even though they meet with opposition from circles 
unfriendly toward immigrants. 



I A 1 b 

II 3 2 f 

III B 2 



J0IL13.XAK 



Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 1, 1911. 



A ima BQ'.^. 



IIAIT 3:ii00L 



The Grav/ford District Bohenian Settlers Educational Society, v; ich v/as 
organized last year in I.larch and endeavors in every ..ay possible to y-^ 
promote the grovrth of that quarter, at its last neeting decided upon the 
praisevrarthy step of founding a Saturday and Sunday school and for that 
purpose has joined the Association of Bolienian Liberal (Free Thought) 
Schools, quarters for the school already have been found and registration 
of pupils will be held in the socL^^ty's hall at 2702 So. 43rd Avenue, 
next Sunday afternoon at 2 o'clock. 




Parents v/ho v/qnt their children to naster their nother-tongue in speech 
and v/riting,will v/elcome the nev; school v;ith pleasure and vail appear in 
large numbers vdth their children for registration. 



I A 1 b - 2 - BOHEIMIAN 

II B 2 f 

III B 2 Dennl Hlasatel , Feb, 1, 1911. 

The officers of this society are Mr, Josef B. Cihlar, 2809 So, 43rd Court, 
president; Mr, Vine Krabec, 2800 So, 43rd Court, secretary; Mr, Vaclav 
Mis, 3049 So. 43rd Court, boolckeeper and Ant, Vackar, 3023 So, 43rd Court, 
treasurer. 




% 



III B 2 

II B 3 

I F 3 BOFngMTAN 

I ? 4 

I C Illinois otaats-Zeltung , June 8, 1900. 

THE BOHEMIAIB 

Chicago's Bohemian Sokol societies met at Pilsen Hall last night in order to 
make arrangements for a publicity campaign. The Bohemians demand that 
their native language be taught in schools of those districts which are 
largely populated by the Bohemians. A committee composed of V. Donat, Cyril ^ 
Fiola, Joseph Dusek, Frank Chyna, and John Klaus was entrusted with the <s. 
designing of a petition ifrtiich will be submitted to the Chicago School Board r^ 
at its next session. According to the demands of the Bohemian people, the -u 
petition will require that in schools »diich are attended by at least 50 per o 
cent of children of Bohemian descent, the instruction of Bohemian should be 
seriously considered by the Board. 

It was rumored that the entire Bohemian population of Chicago is giving its 
support to this movement. Mass meetings to further the cause are supposed 
to take place throughout Chicago within the next few days. The Bohemians 
insist that they have as good a right to their demands as has the German 
element of this city. 



§ 



^«^ ^-A 



I A 1 b \o.^'--*'-,f^j 
I C BUHbiaAN-:^ 

I A 1 b (Genoan) 

Svornost, Sept. 25» I89O. 

AGAE^ST GOITULSORY STUDY OF GERMAN. 

Yesterday's meeting; of the Bohemian-American National Union was fairly 
well attended. In the absence of the regular chairman the .ieetin^ wxs 
presided over by Jitizen Sinkula and after the acceptance of the minuxes 
of the previous meeting the incoming coi'smunic itions v/ere read. Some 
organizations, especially the C. S. P. S, (Czecho Slovak Benefit Societies;, 
returned the resolutions unsigned, with the added comment that they did 
not wish to meddle in political affairs; other nationalistic societies 
and the Jatholic societies returned the resolutions signed. A communi- 
cation from the tJohemi n-.onerican Sokol referred to a certain member as 
not being authorized by it, to be a member of the Bohemian-Aaierican 
National Union, was tabled, because of the fact that anyone is eligible 
to membership in the National Union who subscribes to it's aims. 



- 2 - BOHEMI^L. 



Svornost , 3ept . 25, I89O. 

The committee on Agitation Among other Nationalist ies handed in a very ^ 
favorable report, new delegates were welcomed and given copies of the r" 
resolutions for the purpose of obtaining signatures thereto. 






A committee was elected to make preparations for a mass meeting of all 
nationalities interested in the protest agair^st the compulsory study of i|^ 
the German language in our public schools, 1^ 



For the purpose of joint conference other nationalities, especially 
the Scandinavians, Poles, Italians, French and Americans will be invited 
to attend. 



I A 1 b 

I C 

I A 1 b (Gexman) 



BOHEMIAN 




Svornoat, Sept, 11, I89O. 

BOHSL'IAN-AISRICAN N_ITIOMaL UNION. 

Under this name was completed the reorganization of the joint Conuuittee 
of Sokols and Citizens working against the use of the German language 
in the Chicago public schools. Everyone cin become a iiiember of the 
Bohemian-American National Union, who is not indifferent to the efforts 
outlined here as well as those who are merely interested in public 
affairs. Yesterday's meeting .vas attended by several new delegates 
from various Bohemian societies, especially Catholics; there were 
turned in many signed resolutions against the continued teaching of 
the German language in the public schools* 



.1^ 



I A 1 b SaiSKIAM .. ( 

Svornost , Aug. IP, I89O. ^f^V^H^' 

AIITI-G^MAN ^-^^.^ ^ 

The Movenient in opposition to the te&chin[: of German in the Public "chools 
is i^-ettin^ .'.lore support. The Tov.Ti of Lake "eniocratic Club in its neeting 
on the l6th of this month, made knov/n, that it ix^vee:- to have steps taken 
by Chicago Sokols ao;ainEt the teaching; of German in the public schools and 
adopted a resolution similar to che one drawn up by the central co;?jnittee. 

"Tel. Jed. J"okol Praha" (GyiT'.nastic Union "Tokol Pra^nje") also fror; Tov-n of 
Lake, as a testimonial of their a^rcerAent with the present movement, elect- 
ed a committee of three members to attend the meetings of the central com- 
mittee, to support the movement for the abolition of the teaching of the 
German language in the public schools. 



I A 1 b 

l"c Svomost, Jxily 31, 1890. BOHSMLIN 

I A 1 b (Geiman} 

/^ERUAN IN TEE PUBLIC SCHOOI^ 

In regards to the question of the teaching of the German language in 
the public schools, the strange standpoint of Bohemian defenders of German 
can be explained only by the fact, that they probably hope, that they 
will succeed in getting the instruction of the Bohemian language in 
the public schools if they remain content with the German, From the 
very beginning we pronounced such ideas as nonsensical. 

That which ceui be accomplished in sorre community in which Bohemians are 
in the majority, is impossible of accomplishment in a city such as 
is Chicago* Je knew, in the beginning, that the Termans would always 
be the first to oppose the requests of the Bohemians, and that we 
were not mistaken is proven by excerpts from the local Staats-Zeitung, 




- 2 - BOHEMIAN 




Although the editors of the above mentioned paper recognize the Bohemians 
as the L.ost cultured branch of the Slavic nationalities, they still 
deny to Bohemians the right to aspire to a place in the American public 
schools. The S taats-Zeitung emswered our German-Bohemians in the manner 
which we expected of it. 

Ve expressed our sorrov/ for those v;ho dared to hope, thet in a city like 
Chicago, the Bohemian language could be introduced as a subject of 
study in the public schools, and we v/ould have to be even sorrier for 
those who would request it, for we know they would become the subject 
of poisonous puns and vulgar insults from the German press. 







- 3 - B0H5LIIAN 



In the present agitation, let our countrymen, who have placed themselves 
at the head of the fiuiti-Genaan movement, often recollect, what Bismarck 
said, when the inhabitants of Alsace petitioned him to have the French 
language, which in their children's later years is as necessary to them 
as is the German: (in fact iLore necessary, than the German in America) 
taught in the public schools* 

Bismarck replied to his petitioners: ••The public school must teach 
only one language - that is the language of the nation. To introduce 
into it another language would be against all reasonable educational 
principles* .Vhoever wishes to learn French, will find opportunity 
to do so in the higher schools, otherwise they must accomplish it at 
their own expense. The public schools are not for such purposes." 



i^y ^\. 



^ - . "^v 



- 4 - B0H3L:IAN 



^m.i: 



He maintain the same about local schools: to introduce into them 
another language is against all reasonable educational principles, 
'iVhoever wants to learn German, will find an opportunity to do so in the 
high schools, or they must accomplish it at their o«m expense; public 
schools, which are attended by the children of immigrants, are not 
for such purposes* 



<G , 



if. 



I Al b 

UBS 

I T^ie Illinois Staats-Zeitunf;. July 26, 1890. 

J kit (Gexnaal 

0!T A SLIIPiSY nOAD. 



E0rir3.XyT 




n 



BO'r.jiaLi:.Ts upik)3:3 cch/x: histructio:: et t^is fltblig scticoio. 



Amongst the Bohanian "Turnvereins" the question -.as been debated Tor 3©r:ie tine 
as to what languages besides j2n[:lish, and vrhat lan{^a'-es in particular, should 
be taujjl.t in the public schools, T^ve throe associations answored this question,. 
in their last sessions, vSiich v/ere held yesterdaj^ and the day before, A request- 
shall be made, so they declare, that the scjiool board of CSiicago give the same 
right to the Boheinians \'A\icr. the Oeimans now ^'lave: that tre Eoher.ian language 
shall bo tau.rht in t're Bohadan districts, and if this is not feasible that 
German insti-uction shall be elininated, A lons-\tinded resolution conforming with 
the above dictum found unanimous favor at the Thursday 'leetinr" of the North Side 
Turnverein, Cechie, in 'ctiich the -<est Side Tumverein, Telocvicxia Jedvota 
'*Gesko American Sokol" concurred, ?}ielatter was present at the {gathering of 
last Thursday, at the Turner Hall, coiner Taylor m d Canal streets. 



30Il3.:iAJI 



Tie Illinois Staats-Zeitunp ^, July 26, 18S0. 

The Turners entered occup^/ing the seats vjhicli were proffered to them, 
chairman su-;-:ested that their dele-tates sreak. 



The 



Turner Jens Gltristensen riade the opening address.., "!'r. Chairman/ Gentlesmenl 
It is not r.y purpose to ra]:e a lonp- speech toni':ht,.. One fact I wish to call to 
yoi^r attention is one ■.<?.! ich, in m:-- opinion, confronts ever:' i'mrsraiit, I riean 
the fact, tr at rer:ard2BSE fron vfiich JIuropean coimtrj^ T/e carie, we are all con- 
fronted by a coininon enemy, Tliis adversai^/ is "knovmo thing ism," that aloof prod- 
ttof Q.f American ]>itriot ia'n, tfriich considers all who are not bom iix this land as 
crool.s or dullards. I have no adverse co:iments for true patriotism, but, that 
forn of "patriotism" v/hich intends to dictate to us nhere and •'.vhen, or vjhjr, we 
may not drink beer; a "patriotism" screaminr itself into laoarseness, in order to 
enforce ti-;e ounda;- closinn; of the projected Trorld exposition; which prescribes 
that nothiinrr stron:';:er th-m soda-water shall be consumed, such a pusillanimous 
"patriotism," vvhica: intends to subjUj-^ate us to f;e lonf, forratten ideas of past 
centuries aid the presort modern cranks; that kind of "patriotism" I abhor and 
despise. 



- 4 - EO'iSI.: 



Tl:e Illinois 3taats-.:c itung , Julv 26, 1390, 

'*1"iis •knovr-'othinsisn* does not ask vxhether ;7e are 3o]Ter:iians, (}er!nans, or 
Scandinavi?ais» It considers xis only as 'T»..d,,, foireicners, creatures of 
a lower order, Tflio re'iuiro consistent noti-ierly .^luidance, 

"In retrospection of this ai-titude I say: 'Je must not fi:':ht each ot^ier, ne 
imist sho-;/ a united front a-sinst t-iS nutual enanyl* 

**7he •'TerrTin elenent of this city has fou.-ht for man;- :'ears to obtain Ger:?Tan 
instruction in our public schools, Tinally we -.vere successful. Our children 
are now enabled to learn l -lish and also their mother tongue. It is not 
conipulsory and v;e always have emphasized, that Znslish, beinr; the national 
language, is entitled to precedence, IIo one, I believe, can object to this 
principle, 

**! liave been inforraed, that soine of our Bohenian co-cioizo^s are not satisfied 
with these arrange; lents; that they desire the discontinuanceof C/er;;ian in- 
struction in t'l.e public schools. 






•••■PA 



A 



T-e IllinoiG 3taats»Ze-itun.^ , July 25, 1890, ■ >, ^ 

'Jheir arc^nsnt is on f g follov/l.f; basis: ',/e Bo'.er-iians jnust contributs to t'^e 
sc^.ool-fund frai v/hich >;; e Gez^-an teacl.ers aro paid,* 

'*'.7Iiy can '.;e not also daanci , b'-at our children s:;all have an OTroortunit;- to learn 
their hereditary' la7i:;^a-e? Ai-e t:.e 'derin'is better than we are? 'T.vj should tj:ey 
be 021 the preferred list? IIo, GQ^i'^^lei'sn, tr.e Ger;,vans are not better than you, 
and they should not be sh.OTCi any fom of prefenient. In a republic, equality 
should prevail for all, 

•^But, on the other hand, is this a reason \vh;' you should rob us of fe liberty and 
victory -.76 obtained after pr-olon^^ed fi3::tin3? 

'*',7ould it not be infinitely better, if yon also v/ould try to procure recognition 
for your langua're, in those districts v/here a lar-^e percenta^^e of t]:e school- 
children are of Bohemian parent a; *e? 



- 6 - BOHEMIANS 



The Illinois Staats-Zeitung , July 26, 1890. 

"If that is your goal) then you can be assured of our most cordial co-operation. 
But, don't fight against usi Rather, fight with us for your rights, for our 
rights, against political corruption and stinting nativism. Our victory will 
then be assured J" 

After Mr, Christensen's speech, which was well applauded by the German Turners, 
I'r, luoehle addressed the audience: "A certain Anglo-American element considers 
everyone a criminal, who can speak any language besides English. 

"Will you, Bohemian Turners, identify yourself with that class? You are on that 
path if you adopt your resolutions in practice. You are on treacherous ground. 
If you continue in this manner, you will live to see the time, when Irish police- 
men will belabor you with clubs when you speak - Bohemian" Turner Gloy 

saidt" ...ffhy this attack, after twenty years of peaceful concordance? It 

is undoubtedly caused by gossip This German said this and.... the school- 
board concurred These certain Germans are considered tlie "elite" by the 

Bohemian 8... .It is a mistake* 




^ 1 ^ 



The Illinois Staats-Zeitung , July 26, 1890. 



BOHEMIAN/,^ 



W.P.A. 



"In truth these men are only 'servants who became prosperous.' The real repre- 
sentatives of genuine Germanism can be found amongst the Turners •* 

Editor Stulik of the Bohemian Daily Svornost dernanded equal rights for all, in 
a. passionate appeal.. . .Editor Jicinsky, virtually the moving spirit of the 
resolution, commanded an an5)le supply of cynicism. He is a masterful actor and 

used his gifts to the detriment of the Germans He showed that the Bohemian 

children are bambootled into confusion by studying three languages, (Gernan, 
Bohemian, English) simultaneously. 

He regards the efforts of the German press to help the Bohemians as "much ado 
about nothing," 

The original Bohemian resolution passed amidst an uproar of approval. 



I A 1 b BQEIEMIAN V> V; 



I C 

I A 1 b (German) Svomost, July 25, 1890. 

AGAINST GKHMAN IN IHE PUBLIC SCHOOIS 

A meeting in protest against the continued teaching of the German language in 
the public schools was called by "Tel. Jed, Sokol," "Cechie" (Gsnnnastic Union 
Sokol, "Bohemians") on last Wednesday. Because of some misunderstanding of 
late the meeting was not fully announced, consequently the attendance was rather 
small. 



9 



-a 

3» 



-o 



A motion, that the chairman appoint a committee of three, for the purpose of ^^ 
preparing a resolution of protest against the ccsnpulsory study of the Geiman ^ 
language in the public schools was adopted. c^ 

The resolution, which follows, was approved and unanimously accepted. 

1. Whereas, in view of the insignificant minority, the German language has been 
introduced as a subject of study in the public schools of Chicago. 

2. Whereas, it is known, that in many of our local schools, because of insuf- 
ficient room, only a half day is devoted to the study of English subjects; 



-2- BOmM]_ 

SYornost , July 25, 1S90. 

that part of the t inie used in liie unnecessary study of German, vi&ose teachers 
are paid wi bh public money, could be used to better advantage in the study of 
other jln°;lish subjects. 

3, iVhereas we, as American citizens, feel ourselves deprived of our rights, jg 

and if the '3ermans are to have the privile^^e of havini;; their lant^uage taught 5 

in our public schools, we are logically entitled to request the sane considera- ^z:. 

tion for our nationality and likewise every other nationality represented here ^ 
in sufficient numbers is entitled to the sa.-ne consideration. Therefore be it 
resolved: - 



■so 
o 



1, That the School Board of the City of Chica.-o, in re-;ard to the above rea- fo 

sons acknowled/^e the sar.e rights of all nationalities represented in Ghicago, <^ 

and when petitioned, provide for the study of their lan:^uap;e in the public 
schools, and if the School Board does not want to accede to these reqiiests, 
then the teaching of the German lancuace be also discontinued, as it is a de- 
liberate insult to the other nationalities, which are just as good citizens as 
the Germans, if not better. i\nd if the School Board of the City of Ghioa:;'o 
will not fulfill this request, be it further resolved: - 



-3- 



Svornost. July 25, 1890, 







2, To petition the Legislature of the State of Illinois to forbid the teaching 
of any other language, except English, in our public schools, to influence our 
State Representatives and Senators, that such a law night be presented and 
passed. If however, even this should be of no avail, be it further resolved 
that : - 






3, A petition be sent to the Congress of the United States, so that it raay put 
a stop to thje curt&ilment cf our ri^^its as citizens, and in case of necessity, 
that the whole natter be talsn before the Courts for decision, 

4. Be it resolved, that the representatives elected to the central committee 
of "Sokol" Unions, with other connittees accoroirxg to the needs of this gather- 
ing, do everything possible so that the ains of these resolutions nay be success- 
fully acconplished. 



-o 
o 

rvj 



.J, 



I c 

I A 1 b (German) 

Svornost , Jvly 2U, I59O 

TE^ ger;.x:s ai^d us " 

On the question' of schools, fie standpoint th.?t v^e have talven is familiar to 
all our readers and it is unnecessory to further elucidate, "''e r»re not in 
the h.-^ljit of sputterin^g 'vords and phrases; 've specX el ear I:-', openlv and ahove 
"board, for we .--^re convinced that we defend a just cause; we are convinced 
that re express the wishes of the ""arge majority of our Soheniaji people. * 

For what reason h.-ve re co i<^ out against the G-erman Langua-ge r/hich has heen 
introduced into the lowest priinar.7 grades of oior Puhlic Schools? For reasons, 
which must he acknowledged >■:/ every educated person, which must he acknov;- 
ledged hy every reasonable person. 

Ihe children of Bohemian parents enter English schools, in order to ler^rn 
the lang'iage which is used in this /end, and is oxi unavoidaDle necessity for 
everyone who wishes to la^'" the foundation for his future here. 

V 

The children of most Bohemian families attend only the primary grades, a few 
of them grr-d\iate from the grammer schoo''s, ajid those f'-'w years of attendance 
are not enoiigh for the thorough learning of the iiinglish language. 




- 2 - 



T=oiiE:.:iAN 



^-^ 



'*/ 



^h 






Svornost . Jvly 2h, I89O 

Isn't it a crime against these children then to force the study of Oerman 
on them? They cannot ''earn it and it only makes the familiarization with 
the ■C'nglish lan^aatie more diff ic alt in so fev; years. 

Our Bohemian countrymen in the homelejid h-^ve fouijht against the compulsory 
study of the 'iernan language, "by children, for man^' years, Bohemians of 
America. hpve "been of gr^at assistance to tlen in this fight; hut even at 
that ti'.e German Language is much more useful in Anotria than it is in the 
United States. I^evertheless, there have "been found Bohemians here defend- 
ing the use of the j-erman language in our schools, 

"Te do not laiov/ V7hat opinion is held oy "Filsen Sokol" on this suh.iect todpy; 
hut ne Iznovf thrt a month ago they appointed a committee to v;ork with con- 
mi ttees from other ^okol ■'units against the use of the ^erT.an Langur^ge in the 
primrry grades. They ware in agreement y.'ith our vievrpoint then end we think 
they still are, for among "Solcols" opinions ore not changed daily, like coats. 




I A 1 "b The Chica.'^o Tribune, July 20, 1890. BOHEMIAN 

GLEAMING IN LOCAL FIELDS 

Bohe.ni.ins Vi'ant No Discriaination. 

The Bohemian societies "Sokol" have adopted a set of re olutions protecting 
against the granting of special favors to any foreign nationality by the 
State or municipal government; indorsing the compulsory education law, 
and requesting the Bc'^rd of Education to omit the German language from 
the course of study in the city schools because they believe "it is 
inconsistent with Araerican principles and a hindrance to th?^ perfect 
learning" of the language of the American people. Mass meetings of 
Bohemian Citizens, for the purpose of ratifying these resolutions, will be 
held Wednesday evening at No. 102 .Vade street; Thursday evening at 
Coliimbia Hall, forty-eight and Paulina streets; Friday evening at Bohemia 
Turner Hall, corner of Taylor and Canal streets, and Saturday evening 
at No. 400 West Eighteenth street. 



goHi:;.:iAN 

I A 1 b 

I F 4 . 

I A 1 b (Germen) 

I C Svornost . July 1, 1290* 

IV 

THS I'GV/ SCHOOL BOARD 

The Mayor announced -t the Council fleeting yesterday, the appointrheat of the 
ne77 n^.embers of the School 3o?rcL ns follows; 1!ho':r\cr. Brennsn r.nd Jolin l^cLaren 
are reapoointed; Miss 'uary S. 3urt , to replrce Kozininski; x^onald alorrill and 
D.R.. Ghmeron np,Tied in piece of Seal end 5'orche; Dr. I'. J. Jirks, nr-jned in 
piece of l^rank ?'enter, resiif,TiSd; Dr. Jlrka, is a cotmtrynan of cirs, quite 
well-known "because of the large practice he has' ainong us. 

Dr Jirk,? is offered the opoortimity to. ^ain the grateful reco,jiition not 
only of his ovm countr-zmfen, "bat of all others w)io are against f^.e teaching 
of Osrnan in our PuDlic Schools, 

The Board — at least so i^ see;:.s to us, — will no*;^ be more American than '3-er- 
man and as soon as the j-ernsn Lang^iage comes up for discussion, we "believe 
that Dr. Jirka will interpret the wishes of the majority of Bohemians. 




y^ 



iAJL!> - /{fl: 






o 



II B 3 

I C , BOHB?/iAN "-^''\.^/ 

I A 1 b (Genaan) "l.-J^ 

Svornost. March let, 1820. 

More Al)Out The Teaching Of The Bohemian Language 
In Our Public Schools. 

At a meeting held last night in the "Tel. Jed, Sokol" (Gymnnstic Union Sokol) hall 
in protest against the unjust decision of the School Board In regards to the 
teaching of the Bohemian Language in the Throop School the following resolution was 
adopted: - 

1. We Bohemians, of the City of Chicago, citizens of the United States, laiF-ahiding 
taxpayers of this county and city, in mass meeting this 29th day of Pehruary 

have resolved that we consider the action of our Chicago School Board in rejecting 
the petition of 258 Bohemian Barents, citizens and . taxpayers of the 6th Ward, who 
are sending their children to this school, and who requested the School Board 
in accordance with their previous decision in allowing the teaching of the German 
Lfinguage, as -unjust, a ilight to our sense of citizenship and as depriving the 
rights of one class while upholding another, 

2. That the argument advanced hy the School Board memher "Vocke" is not true 







Svornost, March ist, 18S0. 

if it was held as sufficient reason for rejecting of the petition, that even in 
Europe the Bohemian Language is so de8t)ised that it is ta^Jght only in two education- 
al centers, that is Prague and Vienna, for we know that "besides these the education 
in the Bohemian Language is carried on the following named:- The Oriental Acadenjy 
of Vienna (where Prof. Burian lectured) The College of Prance in Paris(where 
Mickiewic lectured) The University of Berlin(Pr6f. Jagic) at the Universities of 
St. Petersburg and Warsaw and others in Russia, at the University of London and many 
other places. We know that the most eminent etymologist, the German professor 
Schleicher, wrote in Bohemian of the Slavic Languages: The great "Soethe" in 
his old age learned the Bohemian Language for its "beauty and richness and trans- 
lated its poetry: tne eminent Herder in his work "Die Hrunanitaet" tells of the 
Bohemian nationality and its language and praises it highly; the Saxon King John, 
translated Bohemian poetry into the German language and Bohemian songs are 
known the world over for their "beauty. 



3« That we do not desire any special privilege in our public schools, i»rtiich 
a"bove all we value for their utter impartiality, "but realizing that the German 
Language would acquire an incofflmensTira"ble privilege if other languages were 
neglected, we wish only to perform our duty, to forestall privileged legislation 




Page 3. 

I A 1 1) V' 

I C . BOHEMI-^ 

Svornost. March 1st, IggO. 

and to obtain for our children the same "benefits, which they are entitled to "by 
reason of common cltizenshl-D with the Germans, requesting all other nationalities 
in Chicago to make use of all advantages offered hy the School Board for the 
education of their children. 

U. Finally that we respectfully -Detition the Honora"ble School Board to reconsider 
the action taken at its previous meeting and recognize the rightful and just- 
ifiable petition of ottrs for the teaching of the Bohemian Language in the Throop 
School and allowed it to be so. 






I A 1 b BOHiailAN 

I C 

The ChlcaFio Tribune . Feb. 29, 1880. 

TO TKIi: EDITOR OF THE CHICAGO TRIBHWE, ClIIC^GC, FEB. 28 

?/e, as Boaemian citizens, would enter our protest against the unjust and partial 
action of the Board of "Education on last Thursday ni£:ht. V'e, up to that time, had 
thought that the members of the Board in all their doings acted in accordance with 
the principles of fairness and consistency. But we must acknowledge that last Thurs- 
day night's proceeding has greatly shaken our faith in then. 

It seeras impossible that the members of the Board can afford to let such an action 
go o ; record before the searching criterion of public opinion. Can they allow tneir 
reputation for consistency to suffer in tnis v.ay? a few years a^o, at the merest 
suggestion of teaching German in the public scnools, they at once admitted it. But 
now, when the precedent of teaching foreign languages in the public schools is esta- 
blisned in a school where almost every pupil is Bohemian and .ie Bonemian taxpayers 
of tae district are compelled to pay almost the entire assessment taenselves, the 
unanimous petition of tne whole district to teach Bohemian in tnat one school alone 
is disref arded and rejected, .And on what grounds? f^imply because one of our en- 
lightened German members — who, by the way, knows at much about Bohemian as he does 



I A 1 b -2- * BOHSMIiiK 

I C 

The Chica^:-o Tribune , Feb, 29. 1860* 

about Choctaw — rises majestically in his place, and, after thundering forth denun- 
ciations against -he language, says that 'Bohemian is not to be mentioned in the 
same breath with German." 

V/e wish tr -t-aank our German member for the high coraplimsnt that he has paid our lan- 
guage. In fact, a language like the Bohemian, whica is superior to the ancient Greek 
in its variety of forms, declensions, inflections, list of patronymics, etc., cannot, 
by any s&ne inaii, be ^ulled down to tne level of a language like the German, No, we 
thank our German member for not degrading our language in sucn a maniier as to men- 
tion it in tne same breath witn German. Better haa he ranked tiie ancient ton* ues 
equal with the grunts of the busximen of Africa than lower tne Boiiemian down to the 
plane of the Genaan. 

'.Ve do not approve of teaching any foreign language in tl^ ^ schools in Am-^rlca, but .ve, 
as citizens, claim equal rights with all classes of citizens. If the Germans have 
tneir mother tongue taught in the schools at public expense, we claim the same privi- | 
le^e. Surely we have the rigat to ask for our mot.ier tongue in a district entirely 
Bohemian when the German language ib taught in all of the schools of the city, even 
in those schools where tne German scholars are in a decided minority, And i^ ill "c-i- 



I A 1 b -3- BCdKUlHli 

I C 

The Chicago Tribune. Feb. 29» 1380. 

comes a member of the Board to advocate the teacninf; of one foreign lanf uage and at 
the same time strenuously oppose the Introduction of another. Po the issue forces 
Itself upon the gentlemen of the Board, and they as honest, candid men must meet it 
squarely J either admit Bohemian into the Throop School, or, on the principle of 
justice and coiiSistency, abolisa from the public schools all forsi^,n languai^es. 



I A 1 b 
I F 4 

r A 
rrx 



1 b (G«iniaa) 
A 



Svornost . Feb. 7 J, lJ?gO 



BOKEMIAlv II^- PIDLIC 



SCHOOLS 



UIIRIOCOGNIZSID 



30Hi;i.iIAK 






The petition of 25S prrents and ga^rdipns of children attending- the Throop 
School, for the incl-jsion of the Bohemicn Langiiscse as a study, which was 
referred to a special coinmttee for consideration some tv.'o weeks ago v.'bs 
the cause of considerahle dehp.te on the part of the School 3o.'-rd yesterday. 

The readers of Svornost know who the favorahle nemhers of the 3oard were 
and who were unfavorable. The way we indicated the last tirae we Mentioned 
this mat"L3r is just the v.'a7 it haptjened. Of the committee two rnei'.bers. 
Stiles '-^nd Stone, recom'iended frvorrhle action hy the School Borrd, where- 
as tlie obstinate G-er-v^n "^.enher, Vorhke, who hrpT)ened to preside over the 
committee, stood out a5;:^ainst the introduction of the teachins;, of -Bohemian 
in the Throop School. . ■ 

Mr. Stone said that the petition for the introduction of the study of the 
Bohemi-n Lajiguage in this school, is sij^ed by more than half of the tar- 
payers of this school district and that the petitioner? have just a.s nuch 
right to request the teachin,^ of Bohemian as have the Grernan citizens to 
have Oer-^:an tau^jht in the public schools. 



I 
I 

r 



- 2 - 



Svornost . Feb. 27, ISSO 



BOHE'JAIT 




In opoosition to this, Mr. Vocl:e claims tl..- t t lere. is a. f'jreat deal of 
difference 'between Oerinans and Boherai.?ns, or ir other vrnrds tiiey are 
superior, 'ne does not visli tiie Germens to be f;iven any privi?.e£i*s before 
other nr-tionalities, but the Bohemian Lant^.iaf';e is so "ianiin;)ort£nt that it 
must not be comprred in the least with i5er:nan. Use is ri^de of th.e -•Bohe- 
mian Langua^f^ in onlv two of the Educational C-mters of the 7/orld, t at 
is at Pra^'ue and Vienn.?, v/hile the German Languat;e m^ist '^e considered as 
a major basis of c^jlture. -^he kno-."''-'^:^ je of Oer'nan is s-ufficient for every 
business man to carry on all transactions with benefit and advantaoe any- 
where. 



In this same rarnner I'r. Richberg spoke, moving, in conclusion, that the 
Board .jroce'^d to vote on Uv. Stones motion th;\t the teaching of Bohenifn 



be permitted in the Throop School, 
rssults: 



The vote brought out the following 



For the introduction of Boheinian: Sr.one, Brenn.on, ?'ra>:-3, Gurran ar.d Stiles 
(5)» Against :- -Yocice, Hichberg, Keith, Bprtlett, Fran;:enthal , Delaney and 
H;>yne. (7). .~ . 



I • - 7 _ 

T • ■ ' 



Svornost . le'h. 27, ISSO 

Therefore, by a majority of two votes tlie jnft petition of Bohemian "Citizens 
was rejected ;- nd unrecognized, 

hovr easily could this petition of ours hr-ve >.een acted on 'rvorably hrd it 
not been for the old, (still fron the old coimtry) Crerra^n obstinate hrtred 
r'riich, in a conteTirptibl e ?nd shameful manner, vented its spite on every- 
thin,; Soheraian even in this lani of freedom. If these three G^rrnpns, Vocke , 
Hichberg pnd Franlcenthel hpd voted for the teaching of the Bohenian Lpng- 
MDQe, we co-'ild be rejoicin^-; today in the .iust disposition of o-^ir petition, 

^e seek in this Ipnd of freedom, in t'^is city, ".•h'=re the Boheriian elenent 
is f.ficorid in numbers only to the Gernans, only tha reco£,n.ition of o^jr rights. 
^;7h9ther the Sohenipn ton^ae is used in one or ten world centers does not 
concern us in th-^ least; w? rre interested onlv in the preservation of ofor 
language and nc-tionality , in the sar.ie banner th.-^t it concerned, &nd still - 
concerns the (Jer-ir.n people, ^xl since tl-ey hrve been ^Iven the privilege, 
7/hy should they take it upon themselves to prevent us fro^ acquiring a 
like privilege. ' ' 




- 4 - BCii^MlAI^ 



Svornost . Feb. 27, l^'^O 

Finrlly, since inprid^nce, selfishness, o"bstin'cy nnd inso"* ence is excess- 
ively rooted in the Tiinds of al!' G-ernj^.ns, al^nost without exce;">tion, ':o".' 
then could we expect, even in tlLis "I ?nd of freedo^., to receive sny suprjort- • 
from them'' I-'', .^t so'^e ti-je or other, t..ey seem to incline toward frieiid- 
ship, it is only hecause they wnnt some help in some cause, "but if they 
have an idea that they may he able to accomplish their ob.jective without 
\is, then all we got from them sre dirty sneers and scorn and opposition to 
any" effort whatever on our port. 

Our attemjjts, efforts, req'uests, pnd hopes for the teaching of the Bohem- 
ian languas© in the public cchool v^'nere over balf of the pupils are of Bo- 
hemian parentage, were, since yesterday, destroyed, unrecognized and for 
the time. being, we must submit. Perhaps we shall find other wcys end T.eans 
by v/hich we shall finally receive onr .lust rijhts. . 



m. 



I A 1 13 BOHSl.-.lAy 

Svornost. Fetnaary I3, 13J?0, 

BOHEHIAK IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOL 



-o 



The TDetition for the te-^rhing of Bohemian in the "ThrooT)" P-!i"^^lio School was 
finslly delivered to the Board 0"^" Education yesterday. Sigjirintendent of ':^ 
Schools Curran moved that the request of the Bohemian T)eot)le of that district r^ 
he complied with. Gen. Stiles, ?sked tnat the -netition he referred to the -o 
Committee on German. Sunt. Stone ureed. tliat the -oetition "be trea.ted with 3 
every attention and that he does not wish it to he suT>T)ressed. The entire .^ 
•oetition was referred to the committee on books and education after ??, short ^ 
discussion. Th^^refore, our petition ne?rs a favorrhle .iud^pnt ^y\^- it see?ns c« 
more than likely tnat it will he f ? vor^hly acted unon and our countrymen will 
"be satisfied. It now de-oends on the committee to i?^ich the -oetition was re- 
ferred, to give its o-oinion in fpvor of the T>etition and to recommend fa,vorchle 
action there on to the -present assembly o-f^ the School "Board, 

It would he fitting, yes, and even urgent, that som.e of our better q[aalified 
countrjnnen, the more the better, c?ll on the above committee in ord^r to exnlain the 
entire matter and enlighten it on the need for the teaching of the Bohemian 
Language in the Throor) School, the truth of which was -)roven by the t)etition. 
When the proi^er times comes for tnis visit we will announce it' in this iDarjer! 



i A 



II B 2 f 

•Mi" 



Svornost . Jan. 22, 12>^0 

E'=iUAL OBLIGATIONS, E'^UAL HIGHTS 
SIGN T:i3 PETITION! 
30HSMIAN m THE PLtBLIC SCHOOL 



3UI'-^j.viiAiN 









The decisive step has 'been talcen and if it v.'ere not for the cursed in- 
difference and sluggishness anong us, we could know before tonorrov dom- 
ing, what kind of reception wss given to our petition to the School Board, ., 
in re£;ard to the teaching of the ^ohenian Language in our Public Schools, 

It is to he regretted that, in view of very grer-.t importance of this matter, 
the perspnal interest of the greater portion of our coxontrymen remains un- 
precedentedly cold end indifferent. There is, no doulst, hut t'cat it was 
for this reason that the meeting which was. held la.rt night, in the inter- 
est of this generally knor?n caupe, was so little attended. 

The meeting ^rs opened and presided over "by Citizen Leo "eilhek. After 
the explanation of the purposes o-f this me-=^ting, namely/ the selection of 
a cornrdttee for the securing of signatures to the petition, ^'-r. M. Ea.um- 
ruker gave a. brief tal;<, pointing out the usefulness and benefits to be 
derived fron the teaching of the Bohemian Language in the Public Schools, 



__J 



I A 1 ^ 



- 2 - 



Svomost . Jan. 22, 1S50 



BOhEiYlAN 






descri"bing the convenience of the present time for. the accomplishnent of 
this purpose. 

"Let us jgive some thou.^ht to the SohemieJi iJnrilish (Liberal) School, even 
though it is sufficient for our purpose, still no one cm den;/ that if 
the Sohenian Lanc^uase Wt=-'e tauj^ht in the Puolic Schools it v/ould he of 
gre.?t benefit to us for in the forner, Sn^jlish is not studied so well as 
in the latter, and after all, Snf];lish is the chief lan.^ueYjS here." 

y^sxvr hitter truths were spoken hv our esteemed friend and all those pre- 
sent admit thr.t he v/as right. It was "brn'Of^lit out that some of our country- 
men were opposed to the teachin^^ of the -Bohemian LangTu^g® iri the Public 
Schools, fearing that they would be forced to pay a.dditionc'>l taxes for 
tnat puroose. To be s-ore they r^re very much mistaken. T'he appointment 
of an instrtictor of the Bohemian Language in the Public Schools will cause 
no increase in the tax levy upon Bohemians, because the estimated needs 
for school purposes are spread upon the entire city and each one is re- 
quired to -^BY ? certain siLm, v/h/3ther they have one, two, five or no teach- 
ers whatever end whether or not they send their children to school. 



I A 1 -b ' - 3 - . BOHSUAK 



Svornost . Jan. 22, l^^^O 

Supposing that the taxes were really increased "because of this appointment* 
of a -^ohemian Tepxher, who y/ould receive about $600,00 yearly, how much 
increpse would fall upon each citizen of the community, surely not over 
one cent "before the entire amount would he made up. Let no one he fright- 
ened ahout this matter; the teaching of the Bohemian Language can be in- 
troduced into the school system without any additional outlay or eroerse 
to us. Let the parents who have children attending the Throop school sign 
the petition when it is presented to them r.nd secure the signatures of 
their neigh"bors. 

The petition which was made public la.^t Ivlonday was to have been delivered 
to the School Board today, but owing to the lack of a sufficiently large 
number of sign;^jtures the presentation is postponed for two weeks. 

The committee appointed for the securin/j; of signatures is as follows: Jan 
Poustecky and J. Sedlacek. 

• 

Once more r/e wholeheartedly urge all our countrymen who have children 
attending the Throop School to see to it that the petition for the teach- 
ing of -^ohemiaJi have as many signatures as it is possible to get. 




I Al b 

II D 1 
I F 2 

III A j 
I C 

I A 1 b (German) 



Svornost . Jan. 19, 1S:!0 



30Hj2^:IAS 



3CK:-r;.iAr iv. ti-t. fjblic sgeocls 

3ISC7SSI0N or This ! A'^TER III Ti'liTllRDAY'S 







Tre mass meeting held yesterda^^ ^afternoon on tlae premises of J. Sedlack 
was not attended so rell as the purpose of the aeetin-- renuired. 

The meeting was "broug.it to order nt 3*30 P.'-. oy leo '.'eilbek. Ir. Dvorak 
was elected ciipirman e-nd i-r. Fiala as secretary. Thereafter I'-r . I. 
L'eilbe"^ read a speech in wVich he Ir.id stress on the need for a h<?It in 
the constant or;-;aniza-tion of nev; Sohemien Lodges to the detriment of o''JOC 
public, hut t:jat those existing should he improved for the (general good. 
In his speech he iirges that all lodges and individ-:als shoixld join forces 
in order to sec-ire the instruction of tiie Bohemian La.n,5uage in our jjuhlic 
schools, and first of all in the Throop Street School where over half the 
pupils are of Bohemian extraction, '.'ith this thou^}it in raind the follow- 
ing resolution was excepted unanimously — 

'■l^e American Citizens of Bohemian descent .gathered in moss meeting on the 
premises of Citizen Jos. Sed?ack, corner i-or^an and 19th Street, c;.dopt 
the following; 



BOHK'IAI'I 



Svornost . Jan. 19, IScQ 

(1) We Call upon and urgently request all Bohemian Benevolent Associations 
end Loc.j-es, whether pu"blic or pecret, that "thev require all persons seek- 
ing raenhership in orgenizstione , to hecoi^.e citizens of the United States 
and that the present rie.noers of these lodij,-es and associations should like- 
wise hecone citizens, in order that we "Le-y work in unison to secure eqioal 
rights in tiie public schools of Ghic,•^:-o, so that the teaching of tiie Bohe- 
mian Language may he adopted as soon as possible . 

(2) '''e ■'jr.-ie citizens to .ioin Politic??! Pprties, for it is oiir duty to dis- 
cuss tije various political questions arising fron tine t'^ time. "e nust 
necessarily have puhlic meetings for this purpose, for everyone knows th.-t 
the discussion of politics in the nieetings of onr various lod{:^es end assoc- 
iatio'is is not permitted. 

(3) There shall he elected at this meeting a committee (composed of as 
many memhers as are decided on hy those pr^^sent) for tie purpose of secur- 
ing signatures of all o^.ir Bohemian countrymen who would like to have the 
Bohemian LaJiguage tauglrit in our public schools. . 




- 3 - 



3oiis:aAH 



Svornos t. Jsn. 13, 13?50 

That a connittee of two "oe selected at this meetin;;, who ?re capable of 
working; out the details of this matter end toa'et->er vrith the si^'-ned peti- 
tions to present it to the School Board snd fio't'-.er that this comnittee 
shal3 do all thpt they consider proper and of "benefit to this c-^use and 
they shall fron time to tine call meetings so as to report on the r)rogress 
of this matter. 

Then so that the firrt step in the matter mi^ht he an accomplished fact 
the petition to the School 3oord was drawn \vo as follows: 

Chicago, Jan. 19th ISr^O 
To the HonoralDle Board of 3ducrtion of the City of Chicav^jo. 

CJentlenen; •■ ■■ 




We, the iindersigned parents and i-5u.ardians of chi''dren attending; the Throop 
School, would most respectfully petition yoiir Honorable Borrd to introduce 
the study of the Bohemian -^anguaie in said school for t-.e following rea- 
sons: ^here ;.re now attending this school '^J,0 pupils of -^ohenicJi parentage 
or about one-ha-lf of the total attendance, • nd as your Honorable Board 



- ii - B0ii3:'iA:y 



Svomost . «Jan. 19, ISSO 

caused the 'jernan Lajig'aase to "be taught in severpl schools, vje. as citizens 
r-.nd taxppyers denrnd the sr-me recognition a?' is accorded to other nation- 
aJities, 



(.ur . 



'vJ W.P.A. ° 



Finally it vas decided to hold another meeting rt this same plrce next 
".ednesdey night, to which meetin^^ all parents v/ho are sending children 
to the Throop School are ^xci^ently requested to cone. At this pasting the 
committee for the circul-^tion of the above petition will he elected. Mrs. 
L. Meilbek and M. Baumruker were appointed to the committee which is to 
take the question up rdth tl.e School Board. 

The importance of yesterday's meeting and those to come is plainly evident 
It is for the individuals now and for our various Lod^^es especially to do 
their part, for if tlie Gsrnan people can hp.ve their Language tau^.t in 18 
of our puhlic schools, why can't we Bohemians in those sections of the 
city inhabited mainly "by us have our mother tongue taioght in the public 
schools? . 



I A 1 1) BOHMIANS 

SVOBNOST. July 10th, 1379. ' .' ; 

On the Teaxdiisg Of Bohemian. 



5 



The indifference of Chicago Bohemians to one of the most important aatters nhieh '^ 
concerns them, and about which all the Bohemian-Newspapers have had something to g 
say, is truly amazing. We are referring to the matter of teaching the Bohemian i^ 



tJO 



language in some of the city schools* In spite of inquiries from all directions, s 



to. 



there is maintained on this subject the silence of the grave* ^ 

If we werb not aware that the important matter of the Sharpshooters has taken pre- 
cedure over other matters at tha present time, we would be forced to think that 
Chicago Bohemians had lost their love for their mother tongue entirely* However, we 
hope that when our disturbed thoughts have quieted down, that some active national 
society, or some group of individuals, will take the task upon themselves and work 
for its realization with vigor* 



1 kl-b 

I~C BOHEMIAN 

STOEHOST, June 9tb. 1879- jy^ (iiU KiyJ. Jo,.;. 

Bohemian in Public Schools. 

For some time past there has been among sev^eral of &e Bohamiant New8paT>er8, Including 
ours, some discussion about the possibility of having the Bohtfnian language taught in 
some of our public schools in districts inhabited mainly by Bohemians. *e expressed 
ourselves as being of the opinion that informed Bohemians of Chicago wo\ild take notice 
of this im-oortant matter and take the necessary action for the accomplishment of this 
purpose. We believed that Chicago Bohemians would consider such a movement as being 
of the utmost importance to them personally and so far as their pocket-books were 
concerned. However after fu:^er thought and consideration of the matter, we are forced# 
to admit that we were greatly mistaken. After the publication of this subject it 
waa discussed here and there, one would say that it was impossible to accomplish this 
objective, another would say that he was satisfied to have his children learn English 
as the knowledge of Bohemian would in all likelihood be of no use to him in this Ismd. 
If we asked some member of one of the National Societies what they thought of this 
matter and whether they would go on record for it, the answer invariably was that 
they would give it no consideration since they were a Benevolent Organization. 



Page 2. 

^ Q ^ ^ • BOHBiklAK 



That any one in the Reading Clu'bs has even mentioned this matter is douhtful. If 
the various Societies and Reading Clubs of the Bohemians disregard this important 
matter it can hardly be expected that the mass of citizehry as a whole will give it 
any th0T:ight. 



5 



In Chicago we have some sixty national Bohemian Societies and Lodges, but in not oneC" 
was there any mention made on this subject; it seems as though they were all afraid g 
to even discuss it; much less to start a movement which if it was successful could S2 
only bring honor anr" recognition. We still believe that if some one of our organi- <^ 
zations were to initiate the first steps toward the accomplishment of this matter, t^ 
it would speedily receive the support of all the other organizations and of the ^*' 
entire Bohemian Citlzeliry. The German population has succeeded at the expense of the 
general public in having German taught in l6 schools, and there is no reason why we 
should not succeed in having Bohemian taught in five schools. 

All that is required is that we ardently and willingly work for it. 



1 kit 

I C BOHE MIAK 

SVORHOST. May 5th, 1S79. ' ^p. ,,., > .., 

Y^rh (kL> FRO^, jij^/i 

(Editorial) Foreign Language in Pu"blic Schools. 

The prevalent rule in Chicago is that the German language shall he taught in all our 
schools. In its district the parents of ahout 60 children requested it and t ne German 
citizenry has managed so well that their mother tongue will he taught in fifteen 
schools. 

In Chicago we number at least 25,000 Bohemians living for the most part in oee section 
of the city. According to our viewpoint we should he entitled to have our Bohemian 
language taught at puhlic expense in at least five schools for we p^ for the up- 
keet) of the school system the same as do the Germans. If we contribute less we would 
he expecting smaller advantages. 

Thus far we have maintained through our own finances and work our own s6||ools for 
teaching the Bohemian language. The Germans are smarter than #e, for they are much 
more able to maintain ten schools to our one, but why should they do so when they can 
have taxpayers of other nationalities maintain them with apTJarent pleasure? Germans 
are continually rmshing into the foreground and with this activity of theirs, the 



Page 2, 

I A 1 \> s 

I~C BOHEMIAH 5 

constant "boring In they have gained a nice privilege. We Bohemians continually C 
shrink into the 'background and whenever there are any proceedings going on where it ^ 
would serve to our henefit if we were to speak up, we all have our mouths sewed up. £ 

Our well informed associates to vdiftm the maintenance of the Bohemian nationalism t^ 
should "be of prime importance should take heed of our admonition on this matter andf" 
"begin to work for the teaching of Bohemian, at least in the schools where most of the 
children are of Bohemian parentage. 

Will any one of our many Lodges and Societies take notice of our motion in this matter? 
Which one will be in the lead? 




I A 1 b 

I C SYornost . Feb, 14, 1879, 

I A 1 b (German) 

£tSE teaching of GERMAN IN PUBLIC SCHOQI^ 

The teaching of German in the mtblic schools will douhtless he discontinued as 
the majority of the school hoard are not in favor of continuing this study and because 
school finances are insufficient. 

This matter is to be definitely decided at the next meeting of the School-Board, 
Consequently there is great pressure being exerted in German circles for the contin- 
uance of this study in our schools and to discontinue instead the teaching of music 
ajQd drawing. 

As far as we are concerned we are against the teaching of German in our schools 
for the reason that like the German people, the Bohemian, Polish, Scandinavisii and 
all the other nationalities could request the teaching of their various languages, 
for. they are taxpayers also. 

Not wishing to see their children denationalized, they should maintain private 
schools for the teaching of their mother tongue just as the Bohemian's are doing. 



I. ATTITUDES 
A. Education 
1, Secular 

c. TSuBtion for Public Schools 



\ 



I .^ 1 c - ?. - BCII-l-.I^J 

I F 8 

1 F Z> Denni lUasute l, Cct. 17, 19r;:i. 

•ji3se3Sim3Rts of proparties. 

i\ lively debate follov/ed his report, und it wa^ suggested that the school tj 

board v;orl-c hand in hand v:ith the toi'.Ti council in order that correct assess- ,--;. 

rionts of properties be :.iade. It vris a^-^reed that a coriiiittee be delegated to r- 

intex'Viev/ the board or revievi on October 10 to discuss the correct increase X 

cf assessLients. The meeting adjoui'iied before midni^^nt, after bein^; adifonish- g 
ed by the ^resident to attend tni; next r.eetinr in an ec,ually large nir;iber, 
and not to forget to coiae to the b.mnuet v.-hich the opolelc has arranged for 

Saturday, Cctobor 21, in tne .'^arel Jonas jokol hall. D* 

Vaclav iious, secretary. 



CO 

o 



-«* 



I .•. 1 c B.-lI-i..I.>^I 

III A 

Denni Illasatol . Feb. G, 19?32, 

The result of Saturday's ballotiriij concerning the ;600,000 bond issue for the 
erection of four nev; hi.^h ochoolc did not surprise our Cicero citii^ens, for _^ 
it v;cjis a knovm f^ct that such an issue -.voul'l become an /^dditionalT" burden, i^ 
and the najority did not consider it of utmost import :.nce, Th':^ Cicero polls 
".■ere well attended by the voters, \;hile in Bevwniy not enouch interest was 
shovm in this important ouostion, Tho reai;lt.i; of tho voting are as follov/s: 

For Ap;ainst 

Cicero 1,545 4,S52 

BeT.Tjn S42 fill 

Lyons 71 48 

The total number of votes cast v/us 4,611 acainst the bond issue and only 1,858 
for it. In every Bohemian precinct of Cicero, there v;;,3 a ^reat majority of 
votes against the icjuoo 



I .. 1 c - 2 - • 3C^:z:i:ii 

III A 

Denni Illasatel . x'^eb. 6, 19?: 2. 

By this defeat, the cuerjtion of the bnildinc of the four hi^h schools v;ill 
undoubtedly ti 'rettled for a lonr time, and the school bo-ird will probably 
be conpellod '.<- •:;^n3ider the other plan as recoinnended by vtirious organisations? 
before the election. This second plan consists of v/ideninf tlie J, 'Jterlinp; 
Iv.orton hijh school so that it wo^ild satisfy the needs /for .iJ.ditional school ^.= 
buildings/', but even in this case, it '.'.'ill be neces'^ary to ask the voters to l^ 
pemit another bond issue, <r.-. 



LJ^ 1 c 2^::s .1.:: 

I FL 

Ill .; Donni };in3.:t-5l. J-n, ;:9, 19'::3. 

'^ ■' Til (-, c-T "T "^n '-I -."- , •"■ •■- t ■• ■ ;• -1-r 1-, - ■■ Tr-T' TT' . 

^/-i_iV .U— Oil.--. V. ^U _.>.i..i, . -J. .-.^' .vJ-^Vw(J_i_J.t.. J.'.Xi...~>J.O 

The school boari of the CiC'S-ro-^iticlaiay school district has orclerad a spocial 
eloction in ordor that a nc>v; tend i rac for the bull. Mr.-, of hi-h schools, nay 
be sanctionod» 'ITie bond i.:.M>o of ^500,0 :;t 5 l/P per cent interest is to 
be used for the construction of four hi-h schools, Tvto of the r:rojocted ^ 

schools srs to be erected in dicoro ■:j\.a tv;o in Bor'.'rm, 'flic buildjn''* sitos 2 

of these schools are doscribed as haviny the follo'i."in;: boundaries: .. blocic .^ 

bounded by loth and loth Streets rmd .er;ls3r :ind :i;i!clid .venues in aerw-^Ti, P 

Illinois; a blocl' boiuuled hr 51ct Aver.ue and olr.t Goart, and anotlier bounded by ^ 
52nd avenue ' nd o'ind Jtreot, both in Cic;:ro, llliji.jis; and a block bounded by p 
"-'aple and Ilarlon Avenues -ind .'."iJth and oGth Streets in Ber-.-rrn, Illin-'ir;» 

The r.avibors of the Cesko-Slovr-Jislcy -oplatniclrjr .;^-polek 7 Oicei'o {Gzecho-Slavonic 
Taxpayers* /iSsoGiation of Gicero; ror-istered ;-roat consterxiation and ar:azo- 
nient ovor this aroposed bor.d iosue. 's^j this unprecodeated act, vrhich mili- 
tates a -ainst all o" ato:: in sue:: c .ses, the school boarv. has shovm its 



CO 



■^ 

-Z^. 



I A 1 c _ g - 3^:,.. l.T. 

17 2 

III A Danni Hlasatel. Jan. :?9, 19^:2. 

tactlessness, IQie nenhers of the aforerientioned tJixpaj'^ers association be- 
liovs that the citizenry iz already ^iiuch overburdened by t;:jces and cpecial 
assessnent,;, and th-.t the nov." bon;I i.;c:ue, as proporjed by the bo^rl, v.'cnld 
T-ind-aly increu-iie thoir tax burden. 

There is the J. rjterlinr'; Ilortcn -lich school locat d on .lUstin Eo'.:levard, ad- 
joining rrhich there is a lar -e e;:pty lot v.'hich niuy serve as the proper site -r-, 
for the erection of an annex .Jid still leave enoiV'~:h rooM for an athletic r" 
field, X 

cz 
Ey utilizinr this vac.mt Jot and by building such an annex, the expense re- L- 
ouirod by the no;; project v.'Jiich is favored by the achool boa.rd '.vould be na- ^^. 
terially les enod, 'Jao C^jlcy l-oplatnicky ^polelc does not object to the '-"^ 
buildin,-.; cf__schools and high schools if they are actually neaded. It ^-.e 
association/' objects, ho;;ever, to a v/aste of :ioney and to t.he is3uinc o:" 
bonds at a ti;.=; \;hen there is no direct need for the building of a nev/ school, 
lot alone four of them, Ihe J, -Jterlinr 1 orton Ilih ichool v;as erected ^n a 



J A J. A. - ^ - Bci:a:m 

iT^ 

III -. Denni laasatpl . J ;... .':9, 1922. 

very suitable place r.o that it borders indii'sctl:* upon the to'..T.s of Beir:ryn 
and Cicoro, -uiu the students in these tv;o localities nay reach the ochool 
vorj'' e:-.sily, l3y building a saitable ■Annex, tiie purchase of exi-ensive real 
estate v/ould thus be avoided; the sarie holds true in record to the buiJdinr 
of ex:"ensive .:chool structures, ."he citizens v;ould not be required to assa-.ie 
a nev; tax bur dor. 

Tliere have been previous protests voiced ar:ain3t the building of nev; hi-h 5 

schools, and it v:as pointed out then that thei-e is no ir.unediate and crjin,^ '^ 

need for tj-or.. I.'ov;, in arize of all the .e . r-otests,- the school bo^rd has r~ 
ordered ai electi -n to t- ko tjIfco on February 4 :o vote for the issuance of 



pr; 



bonds onountinc to .;600,000, o 



The executive corinittee of tho 3oGko-31 over sky Poplatniclcy Jpolek, v:]:ich nu:::- [^ 
bers a .f^reat m.-iny mcnbers, is asking all coiuat_7Tr;en v.'ho are citizens of Cicoro «- 
and vicinity to vote against the bond issue for the above-r.entioned reasons. 



1 c BOmiMIiiN 



I F 6 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 5, 1915. 

OUR V/ASTiSFUL SCHOOL BO^iRD 

l£p. Joseph A. Holpuch, the Bohemian member of the Chicago Board of Education, ^ 
testified yesterday before an investigating conmittee of the State Senate, „^ 
whose purpose it is to study thoroughly the methods by which the School Board p 
conducts its business, and to look into all matters connected therewith. Mr. 
Holpuch*s depositions caused a sensation among the large audience, in which g 
there were several members of the School Board and many teachers (women) be- 
longing to the Teachers* Federation. According to the testimony of Mr. 
Holpuch, the million-dollar deficit of the School Board is due to its waste- Dl 
fulness, its antiquated methocls, and its lack of carefulness. 

From Mr. Holpuch* s testimony, the following is of particular i:nportance: 
The School Board needs an efficiency expert. A good man would save it from 
^200,000 to |500,000 a year, no matter how high a salary he might be paid. 
The organization is so loose and so inefficient that many things are being 
done twice and an enormous ainount of money is plainly xvasted. 



-o 



ro 



1 c - 2 - BOHillJIAN 



I F 6 

IT" Denni Hlasatel , Au^. 5, 1915. 

According to Mr. Holpuch, the present system is an invitation to graft in large 
proportions. He discussed, first of all, the department in charge of repairs, 
and maintained that, as it is now, the School Board pays nore for repairing 
articles than it would cost to buy nev: ones. Any employee can take whatever 
he wants, because no record is kept of anything. He has been told that an 
employee of the repair department has built txvo houses for himself of bricks ^ 
left after the v/recking of school buildings. It was !.Ir. Holpuch*s intention 
to investigate this case for himself, but he could not get any,vhere. o 



Replying to a question put to him by the la\*;yer of the investigating committee, 
Meyer J. Stein, Mr. Holpuch said: "The School Board is a huge business enter- 
prise. If it v;ere mine I should close it down and should not start doing 
business until it had been reorganized. It is much more difficult to run a 
business with a turnover of $100,000 than to run the School Board, which spends 
$18,000,000 a year. This is because the Board members are "good fellows" who 
don*t mind spending when they spend City money. Of course, they would be much 
more careful if it were their own money, or if it were a question of spending 
it in their own business enterprise." 



-o 



to 
CD 

-^ 
cr 




I. ATTITUDES 
A, Education 
1. Secular 

d. Si)ecial iJndownienta 







I A 1 d BOHBTJIAN 

I A 1 a 

Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 9, 1918, 

TO CZ3SCH SIUEENTS 

Uatice Vyssiho Vzdelani (Mother /or cente^ of Higher Education) will again accept"4 
applications from students of both sexes who are gifted, and vrtio desire to con- ^ 
tinue or finish their studies, but are without means to do it. ?- 

Part of the expenses, not exceeding $250 for one year of academic study, will be ~j 

loaned without interest, merely upon their word of honor, to students, who can 2 

meet the requirements prescribed by the Executive Committee. These requirements '0 
are printed below for the careful perusal of prospective applicants: 



cr 



"They ^pplicantsJT must, regardless of sex, be of Czech descent, must have a 
command of the Czech language, and be conscious of their Czech descent. They 
must be leading a decent moral life, and must be able to pursue the more advanced 
studies. Only students without sufficient financial means to continue their 
studies independently will be accepted. They should enclose their photographs. 



I A 1 d - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 9, 1918. 

and should state which institution of higher learning approved by the Executive 
Committee they wish to enter. ^ 

"Before the loan is accorded to him, the student must prove his qualification r^ 

hy one half year's work at that institution. He must declare his intention of -o 

completing a full academic course, and agree that the faculty of his institu- o 

tion send reports on his progress to the Executive Committee at certain intra"- Lo 

vals," S. 



Only academic, teachers', or engineering courses are on the list approved by 
the Committee. 

The "academic" courses are termed in University catalogs "Collegiate Courses," 
"College of Liberal Arts," "College of Arts and sciences". The respective lec- 
tures are on modern languages and literature, history, philosophy, agriculture, 
exact and natural sciences. In teachers* and engineering colleges, the related 
subjects are taught. 



-a 



tr 



I A 1 d - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

Dennl Hlasatel > Aug. 9, 1918, 

Students should give particular attention to preparatory studies in English ^i 

grammar, to TKdiich great importance is attached. Czech students are frequently ^ 

deficient in this branch and do not pass in other subjects on account of in- <:^ 

sufficient knowledge of the language in which all lectures are delivered. r; 

-a 

The Committee lays particular stress upon proficiency in the English language, o 

and insists upon proof in the form of examination papers from accredited high '^ 

schools, or other schools on the same level. ^ 



cr 



Applications must be sent to the Executive Committee on or before Septanber 1. 
They should contain references from fellow citizens and teachers. Address the 
applications to P. A. Korab, Iowa City, Iowa. For the Executive Committee of the 
Uatice: 

6. Simek, chairman; 

P. A. Korab, secretary. 



I :. 1 d 30E3I3AII 

I ^ 1 a 

Denni illasatel , July 11, 1915, 

TO 30IE1.XJT STUDlillltJ 

The L^tice Vyssiho Vsdelfini (Council for Ki^iier lilducation) is at tLis tine 

again accei^tint: applications of Bolieiiiian students of botli sexes wlio desire 

to continue or i'inis]: tl-eir studies but lack the noans of doinj^ so. Such ^ 

students \iho confomi to tlie require) ^jt^nts of the executive corirdttee of the 5 

Llatice VyssiLo Yzdelani :r£xY receive a loan of not Liore than ^^^-50 for one ci 

school j'ear. This loan is Liade on a pled,':e of honor bv the appliccoit. The f- 

corir!iittee*s reouirer.ients are the follov.ln-: ^ 

O 

"The applicant — -.vithcxit re^^ard to sex — riust be of 3ohe):iian orii:;in, liave a j_^ 

coLirnand of the Boheriian lancua^e, and feel as a Boherlan, imist be knovm for S 

his or her deco:it, r.ioral life, and prove his ability to nake a success of "^ 

advanced studies. Tiie applications v.lil be co2isidered only of those students 
who have no neans of supportin;^: thei.iselves in their school ;7ork. The 



I A 1 d - 2 - BOHIilll AIT 

I ^ 1 a 

Deoni Illa satel. July 11, 1915. 

applications must be accorrpanied by a recent pliotorrc-pii of tlie applicant, and 
a statenent as to •.■.•aid; of tho instii.iit.ions of Lif^Iier learr.int-: a .proved by the 
corxiittee the applicant der.iret^ to attend. The cora.iittee requires evidence of 
at least one serienter of succes.-;ful studies at the indicated institution ■'^rior 
to the approval of the loe.n. Tiie aj;plicant v/ill f^ive the co:.)irj.ttee a pledre 
to finish the full courso of studies he is en' a--in • in and vail cause the 
authorities of the selected institution to report periodically to the committee 
on his procress," 

Tlie loan r-ay be ,'-ive:i only to students fol.lov.ln:; an acadenic course, a course 
in en,;ine8rini' , or preparin^j for a teaching career. "^xCadei.iic courses" are 
those generally desif-nated in university prospectuses as "colle;;iate courses," 
"the colle e of liberal arts," "the colle -.e of arts and sciences". In such 
courses tlie follov.ln': subjects: are tau^h.t: nodeir. and classical lanciaaces , 
histoi*;;/, philosophy, political econor:^-, ejixict and natural sciences. In 
teachers' and enjlneerini-; courses, subjects gernanu to such professions are 



x 



«, 



I .. 1 d - 3 - BOICI-JAN 

I .. 1 a 

Demii I l ia sat el , July 11, 1915. 

being taurjit. 

The students* particular attention is callea to the absolute necoesitj'' of 
acquirinc or having-, by v;ay of preparation for the courses, a thoroucli 
coruiiand, in rrar.iiar raid every other respect, of the -Jn -lish lanLT-iac"©* l^iis s 

is really a natter that it should net je necessar;; to nention, since every r. 

student should feel the iJuUspensability of knovjins :ve] 1 the language of the 
coimtr;<^', the lanrunpe used in all lectures and classes. Boher.iian students 
have, in rani* cases, proved to have an insufficient Icnov/ledf-e of liJnftlish, ^ 

havin-- failed to pass in that subject, and having': failed in other subjects -- 

just because of poor knov7led,"e of i^nflish. The executive; coridttec therefore 
considers it necessary that every applicant present a report (issued by an 
accredited hi.-'h school or an equivalent institution) proving that he has the 
reouired l:no;;ledt^e of the Unrlish lanf'uar.-e. 

The apT>lications rrust be subriitted in a special form, the blanlcs for v;hich 



«« 



s 



I ,. 1 d - 4 - IBOiniXa^T 

I .1 1 a 

Dennl I-.lasatel , July 11, 1915, 

v;ill be furniGLocI upon request addressed to the co:.ii.iittee, and i.iust be in the 
hands of tr^e cor.c.iittee prior to, or on, -Ai(:ust lo, 1915. The applications 
imist contain the names oi" teachers or profecsors to v,iiom the applicant is well 
knov/n and to v;ho:.i the coi.a.iittee :nay refer lor the necessarj'" inforr.iation 
conc9rnin.j th.e applicai'.t. Let ten.;, innuirios, and applications for loans should 
be addressed to the secretary of t' e coraiittee, Ih?, r, i., KoKib, lov.-a City, 
Iowa . 

?or t::e executive coi.Jiittee of the Llo.tice Yyssiho Vsdelani: 

B. Sinek, president, 
P. ^. Ilorab, secretary 



Ill 


B 2 


II 


D 10 


II 


D 1 


III 


H 



I A 1 d BOHEIIIi^ 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 7, ISll, 

lilTICS VY351H0 VZnSLi^I-ll 
Annual Report of Mat ice Vysslho Tzdelani 
for the Fiscal Year 1910-1911 

The eighth administrative year of the Matice Vysslho Vzdelanl (Council for 
Higher Education), closed with the termination of the 1910-1911 school 
year. The Executive Coiaraittee hereby ....renders its annual report to 
the public, especially to the numerous national societies and individuals 
who supported this organization materially and morally and who are inter- 
ested in its activities. 

The Llatice Vyssfho Vzdelanl is fulfilling the task. ...of making loans to 
indigent students and encouraging Czech youth to ^ecure/ higher educa- 
tion, so that they may in the future successfully compete v;ith citizens 
of other nationalities with whom they will cone in contact V/e report 



I A 1 d 
III B 2 

II D 10 

II D 1 

III H 



- 2 - 
Denni Hlasatel, Dec. 7, ISll. 



BCEDLII^^T 



with pleasure that this task is properly understood by our 
wards • 



In addition to many requests for information, the office of the Itiatice 
Vyssiho Vzdelani, during the past year, received a total of thirty requests 
for loans. It can be noticed with satisfaction that the real purpose of 
this organization is nov; better understood than v;as the case in the 
earlier years of its existence The largest loan received by any individ- 
ual for a single school year amounted to ^250; the smallest v-ji^s ^75; the 
average per student was vpl68. The total ai»iount of loans made was ^2,685, 

Aid \\"as extended to thirteen male and three female students during the 
past year. According to States, students v;ere given assistance as fol- 
lows: Illinois, 3; Io;.'a> 2; Nebraska, 2; Ilevj York, 2; Texas, 2; Pennsyl- 
vania, 1; Liichigan, 1; Vusconsin, 1; luissouri, 1; and Minnesota, 1. 



I A 1 d 



III B 2 


II D 10 


II D 1 


III H 



- 3 - 



Dennl Elasatel. Dec. 7, 1911. 



BOHSvlI/iN 



According to institutions at xvhich they studied, students 
v;ere divided as follows: Illinois, 1; Iowa, 2; Missouri, 1; 

Nebraska, 2; Texas, 1; V»'isconsin, 1; Viashington, 1; Chicago University, 

1; Cornell University (New York), 1; Columbia University (New York), 1; 

Pennsylvania State College, 1; Texas State Normal, 1; Minnesota State 

Nomal, 1; Olivet College (Michigan), 1. 



Due to the generosity and support of the societies and numerous individ- 
uals, the Llatice Vyssxho Vzdelanl thus far has not had t o refuse any 
really deserving case because of a lack of funds in its treasury. Never- 
theless, no one should think that there is a surplus or an idle fund in 
the Matice*s treasury. On the contrary, in this report the executive 
committee feels compelled to call attention to the fact that v;ith the 
closing of the financial report, the treasury shows a very small balance, 
barely sufficient to aid students during this school year. Because this 



I A 1 d - 4 - B0H5MIAN 
III B 2 

II D 10 Dennf Hlasatol , Dec, 7, 1911. 

II D 1 

III H report is issued after all students have been to their schools, 

we can say in passing that during the present school year, 1911- 
1912, the Matice Vyssiho Vzdelani is assisting sixteen students, to whom 
aid amounting to ;^2,915 was granted for this year. It must also be con- 
sidered that this undertaking is growing, and that in the future more and 
more applications cem be expected, For that reason, the executive coraait- 
tee hereby calls upon our Bohemian national societies and generous indi- 
viduals for continued support, so that the work of the Hat ice Vyssiho 
Vzdelanl may be continued v;ith success dxiring the next year. 

In presenting this annual report of the activities of the Matice Vyssiho 
Vzdelanl during its eighth administrative year, v/e beg all friends, donors, 
and people of good will, to give it their attention. At the same time, 
we hereby express sincere gratitude to all donors and friends for their 
contributions. In closing we take the liberty to again emphasize that 




I A 1 d 
III B 2 

II D 10 

II D 1 

III H 



- 5 - 



Dennf Klasatel . Dec. 7, 1911. 



BOHELIIAN 



tills undertaking can fulfill its cultural and humanitarian 
mission only with the effective help of our Bohenian--in3rican 
people. Therefore, we take the liberty of submitting a sincere and urgent 
supplication for all to remain favorably inclined tov/ard the Llatice Vyssiho 
Vzdelanf , and to support it in its efforts, both morally and materially. 
V^e are also seeking nev/ patrons and friends and v/e beg them not to refuse 
their aid to this undertaking. Vte also ask all those into whose hands 
this report v/ill cone, to call attention to this organization and endeavor 
to gain many nevi friends for it. 

7or the Executive Committee of the Llatice Vyssiho Vzdelani: 



B. Simek, chairman; 

P. A. Korab, secretary. 



I A 1 d - 6 - BGHailAN 
III B 2 

II D 10 Deimi Elasatel , Dec. 7, 1911. 

II D 1 • 

III H Financial Report of the Matice Vyssiho Vzdelani 

from July ICIO to July 31, 1911 

translator's note: List of individual contributors, tv.o columns, omitted/. 

Contributions (by States) 

Nebraska, s?170,G5; Laryland, s?26.00; v.isconsin, -^1.90; Ohio, ^70; iviissouri, 
v68; Iov;a, ^207.30; Illinois, ^40>j.oO; Texas, si^290,E5; Arkansas, ^5; Okla- 
homa, ^pl4.50; Montana, sAO; Liciiigan, ^10; Worth Dakota, s;;l0; Pennsylvania, 
^13; New Jersey, v5; Kansas, ^9; Llinnesota, .#21.25; California, o2; oouth 
Dakota, .;10; New York, ,?7.95; total vl,452,30. 




Id - 7 - BOIELILiN 



III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasc^tel . Dec, 7, 1911. 

II D 1 

III H Loans to otudehts (by States) 

Kew York, ^i)400; Llicliigan, J^SOO; IJissouri, ^200; Illinois, ^^310; Texas, 
^i!325; .Wisconsin, v200; Pennsylvania, •;i200; l.'ebraska, s;;225; Iov;a, ;?400; 
'..ashington, .,?150; Llinnesota, ^75; total ,^2,585. 

Repaid by otudents (by otates) 

Ohio, ^200; Illinois, ,^5; Nebraska, ^100; New York, ,#50; Oklahoma, ;?20; 
total ^55. 

Recapitulation 

Cash in treasury July 26, 1910, ,^,799,15; contributions from individuals 
4'65&»05, Contributions from societies: the Cesko-olovcmske Podporujici 




I A 1 d - 8 - BOffigiLAlN; 
III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Illasatel . Dec. 7, ISll. 

II D 1 

III H Spolky (Czech-Slavonic Benevolent Societies), $236.50; the lodges 

of the Zapadnf Cesko-Bratrska Jednota (V/estern Bohemian Fraternal 
Association), §157; the lodges of the Jednota Ceslcych Dam (Bohemian Women's 
Union), $84; the lodges of the Sesterska Podporujici Jednota (Mutual Benev- 
olent Sisterhood), $112; the lodges of the Slovenske Podporujici Jednoty 
Statu Texas (Slovak Benevolent Society of the State of Texas), $155.50; mis- 
cellaneous lodges, $160.95. Interest from hank deposits, $78.80; interest 
from the Vojtech Masek Endovmient I\ind, $40.40; interest from the Joseph 
Dusil Endovanent Fund, $10,10; loans repaid by students, $885. The grand 
total is $5,086.43. Loans to students for the year 1910-1911, $2,685, 
Balance in treasury, ip2,401,43. 

National Stamps /Seals/ 

Cash on hand July 26, 1910, $418.70. :.iiscellaneous receipts for national 
stamps, $59.85; interest from bank aeposits, $10.79. Total $489,34. 




I A 1 d 
III B 2 

II D 10 

II D 1 

III H 



_ o _ 



BGir2.:LJi 



Dennl Elasatel , Dec. 7, 1911. 
Disburser.ients 



Postage, ^?47,25; for journal Konenc]::,' , vl^5; incorporation fee, vl«50; 
enevelopes, vl»10; secretarial work, I..r. J. otcpan, „:7o; total v31^«85. 
Balance in trousury, vlc9,49» 

Financial oumniarj'" 

Gash on hand in Latice Yyssiho Vzdelani treasur;;, ,;2,40l#43; national 
stamps, .^1G9,49; Bohemian-.-jnerican 3ndov/i.;ent Fund, •■•590,92; Joseph Dusil 
ilndovjiaent Fund, v250; Vojtech Llasek Jndowiuent Fund, .;1»000; total cash 
as of July 31, 1911, ,?4,411.84. 

Joseph Lekota, financial secretary; 
w, F. Sevjra, treasurer. 




II 3 2 


d 


III 




2 


III 


A 




III 


H 




IV 







I A 1 d 

(1) ; 

BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hiasatel , tay 8, 1906. 

\ ASSOCIATION FCE HIGHER EDUCATION. ^ 

p. 3— The meetings of the executive committee of the "%tice Vyssiho Vzdelani" '-^ 
Association for Higher Education) are growing more and more interesting. At 7^ 
the meeting of March 16 i 1906, the application of a Czech student was approved; *^ 
he is ambitious to continue his studies at the University of Iowa. The applicant '; 
has produced all his prelindnery examination papers and other references. 

A gift of $50 by the widow of Jos. Dusil for the "Dusil Fund" was accepted with 
gratification. At the meeting of May 4, 1906, opened by Professor Simek, there 
was proposed the printing of a "National Stamp," the money yielded by the sale 
to be directed into the proper channels for the advancement of national pursuits. 
The respective motion made by W. F. Severa will be discussed at a later meeting. 



;3. 



I A 1 d 
III B 2 

III H 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel , liiay 8, 1906. 



BOHEMIAN 



Jan. Haylasa, Czech writer, who was in Chicago at the time, suggested a plan 
for the levying of a "National Excise" for national purposes, in the form of 
a stamp of negligibly small denomination. This excellent proposition evoked 
no more response than a few articles in nev/spapers and comments by correspondent 



CD 



<.r> 



S. 



Mr. Vaclav Snajdr offered the same idea in the paper Dennik Novoveku , but nobody 
paid any attention. Dr. Jaroslav E. Vojan contributed to the formation of a 
plan for the introduction of the stamp and its use for the national work to be 
done. Kr. Severa, feeling that the idea should not be abandoned, considered 
all that had been said in favor of it, and resolved to come to the Association for 
Higher Education with a compact proposition in order to realize Havlasa's original 
idea. 



I A 1 d - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel , tay 8, 1906. 

Mr. Severa offered to pay for one full year all initial expenses connected with 
the introduction of the stamp, under the condition, in accord with Dr. Vojan, 
that one half of the money gathered in this way would be given to the Association 
for Higher Education, one quarter to Czech schools, and one quarter for charitable 
and humanitarian purposes. 

;-C 

Within one year it should be apparent whether the stamp has proved a paying •** 
proposition, and if so, further expenses can be payed from the income. ?= 

The division of the second part of the yield, for school and charitable purposes, ^ 
should be placed in the care of a committee of nev/spapermen who have taken a f— 
friendly attitude toward the Association for Higher Education. The collections ^ 
from the sale of stamps are to be deposited in a bank, and be kept under the 
control of the Association of Higher Education and distributed once a year. 






I A 1 d - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III H • Denni Hlasatel . May 8, 1906. 

The creation of a atasap should prove of great benefit for the Bohemian people in 

America, and should become a fact after the executive conimittee, has passed favorably 
on the idea. 



All of the Czech painters are invited to subiait sketches of drawings which could 
be used as a basis for the design of the stamp. Further infornation about the 
shape and size of the stajap, the use of the name, etc. may be obtained from 
W. F. Severa^ Box 569, Cedar Rapids, "tia. Specific information on the use and 
propa^tion of the staiap shall be pul5lished in the near future. 

The executive committee of the Association of Higher Education. 



-c 

•3> 



O 



CO 



I. ATTITUIES 
A. Education 
2. Parochial 

a. Elementary, Higher (High 
School and College) 



2 a - 2 - BCIE::iJVtT 



III A 

III C Dennl IQr-.satcl , Cct. 12, 1922. 

becinninr of the ncv^ school ye:;ir, cur Bohemian free thought school lacks 
the infill:^: of nev; pupils, the sons and daiv-:iters of our Czech -oarents, 
parents v.'ho pose -as active ne:iibers in our free thought orcaniriations, but 
'.Tho, at the sane tine, ;io net offer the advru-.taren ujid opportunities of a 
Uohenian free thourht schooling to t-.eir ov.-n children. Triis th.ey should do 
v.'hile their children are still of a tender a,-;e, an a.;:e in v;hich the children 
are ricre iriipressionable ana able to understand the lan{;uace v/hich their parents 
enploy at hone. It is therefore re-uisite that sucli c:.ildren be enrolled 
nor; and be^in to tahe part in the activities of tJie school v.'ith the other 
children '.;::o are alread" receiving instruction. Iliey should be enrolled at 
the ver^' borinninr of t;io school year so that the rest of the pupils v/ill not 
be held bach in their pror^ress by the late enrol] eec. 

The patroiiftt cnde-vorcd to secure the best available teachers, and our Czech 
parents nay trerefore entrust their ciiildren to us in the knowledge that the 
youngsters v;ill be taicen care of. In a fe.; -.veeks the patronat v/ill celebrate 
its tenth anniversary. On that occasion a full and detailed account 
v;ill be riven of 'vor^c already acconplished It v/ould be desirable, too. 



I '^ 2 a :3 ciij:i.:i.:l 

III A 

III C De — 1 :i:.-ivtQl , Get. I'l, lOT:!'. 

sci;lcl c? Gicrsc 

Cur Czec^xclov:;."; cotKiti*:-:::en, •••^•■..rticul -rl:,' the Trien.ls of the patronat 
(r.ansrcment) of the I.asur:^!: 3c!:ool r.nrl all free thouKit sciiool systei.G, 
should receive re;)orts fror. ti:;'.e to tir.e concerr.inr t]ie r.ro{T:*ess this school 
is riakinr-, torcti.cr v ith reverts o:i tlic incrcM"c i:; Ciirollnent , if any, and 
finally, rG;^ortc or. t.'O str^te of our clac:j)es, etc, '7:ie students of this 
school receive instructions in t lo Czech lan^-ur.::e and in the free t^:Ou.:ht 
spirit. It is equally desirable, ho'.;ever, to report to our liberal-iiinded 
Tiublic every iimortant f ' ct and ha-r^peninr* as it -vctrally occurs i:- the life 
of the aforeraontioned school; to report all the unfavorable and often- trouble- 
so:.-.e conations v/hich the ^atrcnat ..uct often face, conditions ahich are 
really ascribable to the indifference o: our pocplo, an indifference v:hich 
may be noticed a;ionr* all our lodres, clubs, and societies. 'Ulins^ at the 



I A 2 a - 2 - bch:;:iait 

III A 

III G Denni Hlnsr.tcl , Get. 12, 1922, 

becinniriC of the nev' school ye^ir, our Boheinian free thov.'^ht school lacks 
the influx: of nev; pupils, the sons and daivhters of our G:iech T'srents, 




do 

v;hile their children tire still of a tender a,-;e, an ace in which the children 
are ricre iriipressionable and able to understand the lanf-ua^e v;hich their parents 
enploy at hone. It is therefore re-;^uisite tliat such cj.ildron be enrolled 
nov; and ber-ij" to take part in the activities of t'le school v.'ith the other 
children './ho are alrcad:" roceivinf^ instruction. Ziey should be enrolled at 
the verj' berinninn of the ccl:ocl vear so that the rest of the pupils v.-ill not 
be held back in tiieir pror^ress by the late enrol] ees. 

The patronat cnde-vcrcd to secure the best available teachers, and our Czech 
parents ri"" therefore eiitrust their ciiildren to us in the kno'Tledge that the 
youngsters v;ill be taken care of. In a fe.; v.'eeks the patroimt v.lll celebrate 
its tenth anniversar.;. On tlmt occ^ision a full and detailed account 
v.-ill be f:iven of -.vork already -icconplished It v;ould be desirable, too. 



I A 2 a - 3 - BOH3IMIAI7 

lU A 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Oct, 12, 1922. 

to be able to report an increase in enrollment, and to point with pride at 

our Cicero free thought community. The work which has progressed for a 

decade should not be held bade by the lackadaisicalness of our Czech parents 

or by their belittling of our work. A self-conscious effort and a sincere 

desire to see our school prosper is needed. Parents should not wait till 

some of us begin to stir up their slumbering national consciousness; they 

should not wait till we flood them with requests and appeals to entrust their | 

children to a Czech school. 



■c 



We are now witnessing the calm and systematic planning and activity in the 

enemy's camp, a camp steeped in religious mysticism and ideationally opposed ^ 

to ours, \7hile they plan, we, feeling secure because of our numbers, relax 

our vigilance, and worse, slacken in our work, thus giving others a chance to 

fish in our domain using for their bait honeyed words, attractive promises, 

and various other means to gain their own ends. It certainly is hot dignified, 

as far as we are concerned, to be compelled to step before our Czech people 



■3 






1 A 2 Si - 4 - BOKffl-'IIAN 

III A 

III G Denni Illasatel . Oct. 12, 1322. 

and semoni^e to then about their duties toward the Czechoslovak free 
thouglit school systei.i, and yet this adnonition vjas necessary and unavoidable • 
'.Tliat effort and what labor, v/hat financial sacrifices v.ere necessary to build 
our /Ozeoh/^ school in Giccrol xind nov;, inpossibls tliough it may seen, the 
rooms usually occupiel by the first and the second grades are empty. The 
nunber of newly enrolled pupils is so snail that we find it necessary to report i 
this fact to the ^Jzech public, the sane public v/hich likes to point with pride 5 
to its national institutions — as Ion,]; as they prosper. Therefore, you Ozech "^ 
parents, who, for whatever reason, no matter how negligible, make iinpossible rj 
the entrance of your children into our Czech schools, consider this: It is x> 
your moral duty to preserve your children for our ranl-is so that they can be o 
the pride and ornament as well as the useful uenbers of those cultural groups r^ 
of v/hich you yourselves are novj i.aembers. Do not procrastinate, let your • j 
children cone to this school now; do not stand in the vjay of their opportunity " 
to gain more knowledge, even though such knowledge nay be conveyed to then 
in only the Jzech language. Do not underestim-ite our school sys^-en, but lend 
a helping hand in raising its standards so that it mi,7jit be more than a mere 



A 8 a . _ 5 _ BQHEMIA2J 



III A 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1922. 

equal of the regular institutions or the parochial schools. Give our schools 
an opportunity to gain prestige even among the public schools. 

y/e shall be grateful to all who v/ili come because they read these lines 
and register their children in the T. G. Wasaryk School. V7e shall be also 
convinced that even these tardy parents are not indifferent to our efforts, 
and that they are glad to do their duty to support the patronat, to help it, 
and thus sustain the Czechoslovak free thought school system. Enroll your 
children after 4 P,U, The office is open every day, 

Jan Sebek, president; 

Josef Eolub, secretary. * 



I A 2 a BOIiaalAN 

III C 

Denni 1-D.asatel , oept. 7, 1922. 

iimiOT31IGj:.2:iT OF TrLL iLUtSL KiVLICEK BOiLil.!^: ^l^CiHl 

THOUcsrr school of oak pasi. -r 

I* 

The patronat (managing boarcD of the Ceska ovobodna Skola iiirei Kavlicel: 1^ 

(Eatel Havlicek Bohenian Fxeo lliouglit School) of Oak Park, Illinois, an- f- 

nounces that it v;ill hold its school registration on Saturday, Septsnber 9, "^ 

and Sunday, September 10, jVdZZj at 9 A.ii. Tlie registration fee is ^ijJl.SO o 

for each child or .k>4.00 for tliree children belonr,in::;; to the sarie far.ily. \^ 

This fee nust be paid at the tine of registration. Parents are requested to S 

register their children at the "uesinning of the school year or by October 1, '^^ 
l'J22 at the latest, for sifter that date no children except those who have 
moved to Oak Park after the date specified v;ill be adr.iitted. 

For the patronat, 

.i. Polivka, President. 



-D 



I A 8 a BQHJMIAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 26, 1922. 

A MEETING OF THli FEDERATION 
OF BOEillAN FRES THOUGHT SCHDOIS 

The meeting of the Sdruzeni Ceskych Svobodomyslnych Skol (Federation of 
Bohemian Free Thought Schools) was held ^esterda^. President Josef Tichava 
opened the meeting. All of the officers of the Federation and many of the ^ 
delegates were present. The minutes of the previous meeting were approved as ^ 
read. U 

A letter was read from the patronat (board of trustees) of the school of the 2 

Cesko-Slovanske Podporujici Spolky(C2echo-31avonic Benevolent Societies), l^ 

situated in Town of Lake ^n Chica^^. The trustees, in referring to pajnaent i:::^ 

of tuition, infoimed the Federation that they were not officially advised as to "^ 
the rules of making such payments to the Federation; they also mentioned the 
great expense they have incurred in having their school building and their class- 
rooms cleaned and redecorated. It was decided to send them a letter. The delegate 



^ ^ ^ ^ - 2 - EOHSI.TIAIT 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel, Aug. 26, 192? 



'(» • 



Of the Jan Anos Komensky School complained about the great hardships that 
school has in meeting the obligatory school fees; the delegate argued that the 
school raanageraont lacked funds, but in spite of their financial struggle they 
turned one third of their tuition fees over to the Federation. A report was 
made concerninr- a schoolpicnic-excursion of the Spolky school on v/est 18th 
Street. /Tt.vjas decided/ to permit the managenent to retain the surplus from 
receipts (^7.37) v/hich is to be used by the school in the next entertainment 
given for the children. 

The bindery bill for .$138.75 submitted by Hr. Safranek vxas ordered paid, but 
the economics committee v/ill first audit the items. Irs, Radesinsky made a 
motion that registration for the ffsll/ semester be set for September 2, /yB22j\ 
this was approved and the school children v/ill enroll on that day. 

Applications for teachers* jobs were referred to the executive committee to be 
passed on. A lively debate follov/ed the introduction of a motion specifying 
that the free thought ideas be propagated by the teaching staff. Dr. ICueller 



3j 



50 



BCK:]I.II.'JJ 



III G 

Denni lans-itel, Auf:. 26, lOC^. 



agreei v;ith I'r. /olinek viho insists u^^on a nore systcnatic presentation of 
free thou.-l.t -jrir.ci-nles, and v;ill frladly co-operate to tliat end, 

■Kie entert^i.-iiient coMi'iittee for the Staroceska rosviceni (Old Gsech festival) 

to be held by t}.e ?3derr:tion on Septenber 17, 19.^'!^, submitted its reports -./hich ^ 

7rere approve*!. It '..•as decided that the treasurer, Jr. Lueller, pay all the 5 

bills connected \7ith the arranf-enents for this festival, -:^ 



O 



The receipts for August 19, 1922, r;ere as follov/s: ?ro:;i the T. G. Lasaryk 
School, vloO.OO; dues from the Illinois Grand JLod^-e of the GesI:s-31ovanslca 
Bratrsha A Podporujici Jednota (Gzecho-Slavonic Fraternal and Benevolent Inion) _ 
.y51,05; from the Sccialni 3okce Zen Cisio 2 (■..'omen's Social Section To. 2), ^ 
.,i;3,50; total receir)ts v204.5E. Di:3bursei:ents: Bindery bill to Kr. Bafranck, 
vl38,7o, 

Josef Tichava, president; 
Karel Soukup, secretary. 



I A 2 a BOICiSilAM 

III G 

Denni Hlasatel , June 29, 1922, 

coi>ii.:iTT:ij oiJ BOE^a::^: :.duc.^ion ■ 

i'RZP J^2S FOR A>^^.i TZ-SUYi'I. 

Dalsgates of the I.latice --ikolska {'Jo.T.aittee on ^oheiaiar^ Education) and the 
Svobodna Obec (Bohemian Free Thought Community) are makin^ plans for an 

annual festival to celebrate the end of the academic year. The affair is -^ 

to take .place tomorrow, June 30, 19.82, at 8 P. lu. in the Jubilejni Husuv r; 

Dum (John Huss lle.Tiorial Building), 4236 l^Vest 22nd Street, llie school is no 

supervised by Hiss I.I. ^e;r.an who vvas instrumental in aiding the coiiiinittee i' 

in tlie preparation of the program v/hich pro.iiises to be very attractive..., c_ 

re 



Z3 



I A 2 a BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III C Denni Hlasatel . May 5, 1922. 

A PROCLAMATION LIADE BY THE N/iRODNI 
SVAZ CESKYCH KATOLIKU V .\MERICE 

The follo^vin3 proclamation is directed to all the Bohemian Catholics and 
especially to the branch offices of the i^larodni Svaz Ceskych Eatoliku v 
America (National Alliances of Bohemian Catholics of America) . 

Inasmuch as all others of our Catholic fellow citizens are doins their 

ut:!K)st to swell the ranks of their yoimc people, and to increase the 

numbers of their adolescents who require a higher education, it would be ^ 

an error on the part of our Boheioian Catholics were we to overlook the 

many possible ways and means by which we might encourage and compel not 

only our youth but also the parents of these, our young people, to txirn 

their attention to this phase of our cultural life. If we omitted to do 

so, it would mean that we have no feeling for higher education. At the 



-c 



Co 



I A 2 a - 2 - BOHSIgAN 

III B 2 

III C Denni Hlasa tel. May 5, 1922, 

sane tine we do not wish to take it for granted that all of our countiyraen 
are so wide awake regarding the necessity for higher education, and so 
enthusiastically coiniaitted to its pursuance, that any encouragement on our 
part would be unnecessary. If other foreign language groups find it necessary, 
we find it doubly so, for only then may we be entitled to representation in ^ 
all of the important branches of American public life — when we have enough .5 
educated people among us to fill these posts. Our significance in American _ 
society will be in direct ratio to the higher education of our youth. r 

We gladly admit that our sympathies for higher education are on the increase, f* 

judging from the perennial increase in the enrollment of our Czechoslovak :J, 

students in our one and only Czechoslovak institution of higher learning — 

the Kollej Svateho Prokopa v Lisle, Illinois (Saint Pix^copius College 

of Lisle, Illinois) , but we are also of the opinion that the increase 

thus far is not only not commensurate with the number of our covintrymen 

in America, but like wise it is not representative of the present economic 



I A 2 a - 3 - B0H3MIAN 

III B 2 

III C Deiml Hlasatel , May 5, 1922, 

security and social position of our people. And if it is asserted that many 
of our young people are enrolled in other institutions, such other institutions 
are either non-Catholin or foreign to our cultural interests. Neither one nor 
the other can bring us the desired results. If we expect to be of use to our 
nationality and have faith in this country we must bend all our efforts to give 
both a Catholic and a national education to our youth. This may be accomplished 5 
only in the Saint Procopius College. 



^ 






One may debate this statement and reach convincins proofs. There are some 
among our countrymen who either believe or who have been led to believe that, 
outside of the Bohemian language j our college at Lisle offers few subjects 
available in some of the institutions in the old homeland. The Czech students ^ 
in our college are preparing for the public life of America, and receive Z?^ 
training in all those subjects which are necessary for such a life. In 
addition to that it is expected that they become ardent Bohemian-American 
patriots. 



I A 2 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III C Denni Elasatel . May 5, 1922, 

It goes without saying that the highest encouraeenent and coimsel concerning 
all higher education of our youth may be given to our Czech settlers lay our 
priesthood; and there can be no doubt about it that our priesthcocl is doing 
it. And yet, there are places which their voices cannot penetrate* It is in 
such places that our laity may work to good advantage. It is to these lajnnen ^ 
that we are now directing our words in behalf of our nationality and our holy ^ 
faith in the hope that they will use their eloquence during this month of May. ^ 
Should they be successful in securing for us new applications for admission to p 
the school for the ensuing scholastic year of 1922-1923, we ask them to be so 1^ 
good as to mail the names of the candidates to us. Not that the respective '^ 
candidates could not do it themselves, but we wish to know hovj active our ^\ 
laymen are in this respect. We are always glad when we notice such activity, 
and the general Bohemian public will likewise be pleased to learn from our 
official publication of the Svaz that our people are active workers. It would 
please us very much to be able to announce at the expiration of the month of 
May that we have received masy new applications for admittance to the Bohemian 






2 a - 5 - B0H2I£[.^J-I 



III B 2 

III C Denni Hlasatel , I^y 5, 1922. 

college of Saint Procopius at Lisle. 

Belov; is an outline and a procran of speeches and activities which are to take 
place in the tells of our parishes from I.laj'' 21 to liiay 28, 1922: 1. .^ main 
address concerning the need for higher education. 2. vrnereever possible, 
speeches by the students themselves v/ill be r-iven. 3. V/riting assignments, 
having higher education for their theme, v;ill be uade in the higher grades of 
all of our peirochial schools. 4. The best examples of such written vrork will 
be read aloud in classes. 5. Free debates rnd discussions concerning certain 
problems of higher education v;ill be held. 

The above program v/ill be carried out only in tliose places v;here the local 
priest assuiaes responsibility therefor, probably only in those parishes v;here 
higher educational classes obtain. In other parishes it vail be left to the 
discretion of the parish priest who will be governed by such conditions and 
circumstances as arise in everj"" parish. 

Hoping that each of us v;ill give his very best service, we submit the above 



■n 
ao 
o 

CO 
CD 



I_AJ! a • - 6 - B0H2I!L;N 

III B 2 

III C Denni Illasatel . May 5, 19ii2. 

ideas to our General Catholic public, and to our branch offices in particular, 
and bid Godspeed to the work. 

The executivB committee of the Ilarodni Svas Ceskj'-ch Eatoliku v ^uaerice. 



i 



o 



I A 2 a BOHTSMIAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel. Apr, 22, 1922. 

FIRST GR^UATION EXERCISES OF A NEW SCHOOL 

The Parish of the Blahoslavena Anezka Ceska (Blessed Agnes of Bohemia) which 
is the largest Czechoslovak Catholic Parish in Chicago, has not only a parochial ^j; 
graimnar school which was consecrated and opened way back in 1905, but also a :^ 
high school, which affords grammar school graduates an opportunity of continu- p 
ing their studies.... This latter school was established in 1920 at a cost of ^ 
#3,000 and started out as a two-year business school. At the very start there r? 
were twenty registrants. The teacher was the revered Sister Amadea who en- 2 
deavortxi to bring the school to a hi^ degree of excellence. • The students, too, to 
did their best to progress. There can be no wonder, therefore, that praises :" 
and recognition began to come at the end of the first year of their study activi- 
ty, and that medals and diplomas for excellence continued to be awarded to the 
students. 

The student body persevered, and with only two exceptions remained enrolled in 
the course for the entire duration of it. The commencement exercises are to 



I A 2 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel, Apr. 22, 1922. 

take place tonorrow in the hall of the Sokol Havlicek-Tjrrs on South Lawndale 
Avenue near west 26th Street, ^ames of graduates are omitted in translation_^ 
The graduation program, which was arranged by both the Parish and the school, 
will be rich. The school slogan is "Modli 3e A Pracuj" (Pray and 7/ork) , and 
the school colors are blue and gold. The program itself consists of vocal and 
instrumental music, recitations in the Czech language, and a one-act play in 
the English language, Mr, Jaroslav Cermak's band is to play during the evening 
following the ccaranencement exercises 



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I A 2 a BOHaJIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. iUig* 10, 1921* 
FOR THE ATTENTION OF B0H3MIAN CATHOLIC PARENTS OF CHICAGO 

In tills vacation period we again call the attention of the Bohemian Catholic 
parents to the fact that it is their duty to send their children to Catholic 
schools. A preference for Bohemian parochial schools should be given by 
them wherever these schools are in existence* A Catholic home and a Catholic _ 
school are tne foundations of Christian life* In this country we have a ^ 
large ntimber of excellent high schools where your children can acquire an ^ 

education which would place them in the ranks of the Bohemian Catholic in- ^ 

o 



telligentsia* 

We especially call your attention to St. Prokopius College in Lisle, Illinois, 
which college is under the direction of the Bohemian Benedictine Fathers* 
There is still a very small number of our children who seek to acquire a 
higher education* 

Today, before the beginning of a new school year, there is an opportunity 






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I A 2 a - a - BOHSMIAN 

Deanl Hlasatel . Aug. 10, 1S21, 

for us to remind you again of this duty. As soon as the time arrives for the 
registration of the children, they should be registered only in Catholic 
schools* For that purpose only you had your parochial schools built* 

The Narodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku 

(National Alliance of Bohemian ^ 

Catholics of America)* "' 



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I A 2 a BOILZJIAI^ 

II D 10 

III C Denni Elasatel . Hay 9, 1921. 

A GLCRI0U3 MY III GIC3RC 

Yesterdaj'" was a significant day in the history of the Bohe:aian freethinkers 
of Gicero. After a period of strenuous efforts, the Patronat Geske 
3vobodo:.iyslne Skoly Tonas G. Masaryk (Board of trustees of the Thomas G. 
I!asar:/k Jrae Thought School) and other local organizations laid the corner- 
stone for a new school building v;hich also v;ill be a jiieetin^: place for our 
organiriation. The Patronat has long seen the necessity'- of an independent 
school bj.ilding, but as long as the 3icero School Board was v;illing to 
lend its classroo;;is to the Bohemian school, the necessity did not seem to 
be so urgelit. Only v;hen the School Board excluded the Bohemian classes 
from the public schools did the Patronat come to the conclusion that, for 
the preservation of the Bohemian school in Cicero, there was no alternative 
but to erect its o'.vn school building, and with the aid of Bohemian organi- 
zations and individuals go to -work at once. A lot was bought at the south- 
v;est corner of 57th .tvenue and 22nd Place, and the contract for the erection 



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I A 2 a - 2 - BOI^JIAN 

II D 10 

III C Denni lilasatel . :.lay 9, 1921. 

of the school building ;vas av;araed to Mr. Julius Ilinst. The wor^c on the 
school building prosressad rapidly. In the near future it will be possible 
for our Johe.Tiian organisations to hold their neetings in the Tonas G. L'asaryk 
School, and after next vacation our cliildren ..ill attend Bohemian school 
classes located in the Patronat^s ovvn school building. 



3?* 



Yesterday's celebration of the laying of the cornerstone was brilliajit and 

v;orth" of the large Bohenian settlenent of Cicero. Svery one of the local 

organizations participated at this celebration and was represented either 

by a threat nuiabor of its nenibers in the parade or by a delegation, and 

enomous throngs of people gatl.ered around the new building long before 

the prograr.! started. The participants in the parade net in front of the \^: 

Sokol liarel Jonas Hall at one o'cloclc in the afternoon and, through various ^ 

Oicero streets, niarched to the place of the celabration. Several hundred 

of school children jiarched at the head of the parade and one group carried 

a large American flag. Another group of the children v;ore wr.ite, red, and 



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II D 10 

III C ■ Denni Hlasatel , liay 9, 1921. 

blue caps, resambling the Czechoslovak flag, and the rest of them carried 
small Aiierican fla^s. Folla/ing the school children niarchad the members 
of various organizations, ^.t the site of the celebration the school 
children gathered in front of the speakers* tribune and to ths rear gathered 

the members of organizations and a countless naiiber of people. :r< 

--> 

The prograi.a of the celebration -vas opened by the chairman of the Patronat, 3 
Mr, Jan Sebek, who v/ith a few sincere v;ords greeted the audience, sjeaking r; 
on the necessity for the Bohemian school. He then inoroauced Miss Haruska -j 
and Miss llarik, pupils, the first one of whom recited a poem and the other 
briefly addressed the audience and then (--ave the committee the sum of 
eighteen dollars as a gift froiii the school children. The band then played i;' 
"The Star-Spangled Banner". The chairman introduced the president of the «'' 
board of trustees of the town of Cicero, Mr. Joseph Z. Klenha, who, as the 
representative of the to^vn, addressed the audience in the ^Inglish language 
and said that although it is our duty to be good and loyal Americans, we 



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II D 10 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Llay 9, 1S2X. 

should also teach our children the Bohemian tongue. Tha next number of the 
prograia .vas a song by the llarl Marx Singing "Society, after v;hich the principal 
speaker of tlie celebration, I'.r. Vaclav Petrzelica, was introduced. Kis 
lengthy speech aroused great interest and the speaker was often interrupted 
v/ith applause. I.Iiss Lastovka then recited a poem and the school children 
sang the Bohemian nation anthem. In conclusion, :.:r. Joseph Tichava, ^ 
chairman of the Federation of 3ohemaln Free Thought Schools, s ooke on the ; i 
progress of the Bohemian schools in Chicago and vicinity. The delegates of ^'^ 
various organizations .vere then introduced. These, in the name of their rf 
societies, extended con:: rat ulat ions and delivered generous laonetary gifts. ■^' 

/List of contributors and contributions as omitted in translation^^ ^' 

~" c • 

.ifter the delivery- of the addresses of the delegates, the ceremony of the ^ 
layin^r of the cornerstone began. Various docujients and a list of the 



I A 2 a - 5 - BOIlJlvIIAIv^ 

II D 10 

III C Denni Illasatel . Llay 9, 1921. 

donations ..3re placed in a box and sealed iu fcha corr.erstono. The chairman 
of the board of trustess, i.lr, Jan 3obek, then e.ided the celebration. The 
celebration was a success in ever,' respect. The tagging, which .ms under- 
taken by a number of school children and young ladies, also nelped to ^nake 
it a financial success. 



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I A 2 a BOHEi.iIAIT 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel , Llay 6, 1921. 

A KSW BOHEIilM FRSE T^IOUGHT SCHOOL BUILDING 

After several years of energetic activity for the preservation of Bohemian 
Free Thouglit schools in Cicero, the Patronat Ceske Svobodomyslne Skoly Tomas 
G, Liasaryk (Board of Trustees of the Tho.-nas G. I-asaryk Bohemian Free Thought 
School) is preparing for the celebration of the laying of the cornerstone for 
a nev/ building which will become the pemanent hone of the Bohemian school and 
also the meeting place of nxir.xerous Bohemian organizations in Cicero. Next Sun- 
day, therefore, will bea joyous day not only for the Patronat, but also for our. 
organizations, our school children, and the Czechoslovak settlement of this 
growing suburb. The new school building, the erection of which is advancing so 
rapidly that the building may be occupied in about five months is located on 
the southwest comer of 57th Avenue and S2nd Place, Cicero, Illinois, on a site 
measuring 52 x 125 feet. Tiie structure itself will be a two-story building, 48 
feet vri.de and 62 feet long. The interior of the building will be practically 
arranged so as to meet every school and organization requireiient. On the first 
floor there will be tv70 classrooiiis, measuring 18 x 52 feet, a room v^here small 



I A 2 a - 2 - B0H3t;IIAIT 

III C 

Dennl Elasatel . Lfey 6, 1921. 

meetings can be held, and a three-room apartment for the janitor. On the 
second floor there will bo one classroom, measuring 18 x 32 feet, one large 
hall which nay be used for lodge meetings, and a toilet room. In the base- -'- 
ment there will be a dining room, measuring 18 x 52 feet, toilet rooms for ^ 
school children, one large room v;hich nay be used as a storeroom, and a ^ 
heating plant. There will be a fire escape installed, and in general, every C 
precaution will be talien in order to rnake the building safe and comfortable ^ 
for the school children. The construction is under the supervision of the 2 
well-known builder, lir. Julius Kinst, and the building is estimated to cost i*> 
about $35,399, including interior decorating and furniture. Mr. Zrank J. ^ 
Petru, a member of the Patronat, arranged a loan of 5^25,000, of which amoxint 
$15,000 is a direct loan; for the remaining siiui of ^10,000, bonds bearing 
5^ per cent interest will be issued. These bonds will soon be placed on the 
market. 



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I A 2 a BOHEa^IAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 23, 1921. 

TBE SDROZENI CBSKYCH SVOBODOMTSIJ^CH SKOL V CHICAGU 



■X? 

3> 



Following are the minutes of the regular meeting of the Sdruzenl Svobodo- 

myslnych Skol v Chlcagu (Federation of Bohemian Free Thought Schools of -a 



;o 



Chicago), held April 16, 1921: o 

CO 

The meeting was called to order by Mr, Joseph Tichava, chairman, in the S 
presence of all the officers and only about forty-five delegates. After the ^ 
delegates were greeted by the chairman, the minutes of the previous meeting 
were approved as read. The minutes of the last meeting of the executive com- 
mittee, as read by Mrs, Radesinsky, were also approved. The reading of com- 
munications followed. 

The Sbor Ceskeho Narodniho Hrbitova (Bohemian National Cemetery Association), 
in its communication, informs the Federation that the Sbor appropriated the sum 
of five hundred dollars for the benefit of the Bohemian Free Thought schools of 



I A 2 a - 2 - BCBEMIAN 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr, 23, 1921, 

Chicago. The Sbor also asks that an appeal be made to the parents of the 
children who attend the Free Thought schools to pay a larger tuition fee be- 
cause everything is more costly nowadays, a fact acloiowledged by everybody. 
The contents of the communication were talcen into consideration and the g 

secretary was instructed to send a letter of thanks to the Sbor Ceskeho 
Ncurodniho Hrbitova and, at the same time, inform the Sbor that the Sdruzeni 
Ceskych Svobodomyslnych Skol does not receive one penny from tuition fees 
because the boards of trustees of individual schools keep the collected amounts 
for rental and cleaning expenses. 

The reading of a letter sent by the school children who attend the Vojta 
Naprstek School followed. These children sent the sum of $3.12 for the benefit 
of the Bohemian Free Thought schools. The children of the said school under- 
took a collection for the purpose of buying a floral piece for their deceased 
comrade, Edward Hess, and they are sending the remaining sum for the benefit of 
Bohemian schools. It is surely a beautiful example. We doubly appreciate the 



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I A 2 a - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 23, 1921. 

gift because it came from our school children of whom we may be proud, ^e ^ 
secretary was instructed to send a letter of thanks to the teacher of the ^^ 
Vojta Naprstek School, Mrs. Hulka, and her pupils. P 

The Patronat Ceske Svobodomyslne Skoly v Morton Park (board of trustees of ^ 
the Bohemian Free Thought School of Morton Park, Cicero, Illinois), in its ^ 
communication, announces the names of its new delegates, Mr. Fr. Gruener, 
1537 South Fifty-seventh Avenue, Mr. Joseph Holy, 2241 South Fifty-eight Court, 
and Mrs. Beurbora Laibl, all of Cicero, IllinoiSo The next secretary of the 
aforesaid board of trustees will be Mr. Stanislav Snaider, 5527 V/est 23rd Place, 
Cicero, Illinois. 

Further, it was resolved that those teachers who accompany the school children 
to a theatrical performance which will be given for the benefit of the Bohemian 
Free Thought schools. May 23, shall receive their regular salaries. The 
teachers, first of all, should ascertain how many of the children will attend 






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I A 2 a - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 23, 1921. 

the performance. If the majority of them go, classes need not be held and 
the teachers will go with the children. But if only a small percentage of 

the children should attend the performance, the teachers will hold their ■:S' 

classes as usual. The teachers are requested to speak to the school childiren p: 

and create an interest for this performance, and in that way help to make the rj 

success of the theatrical performance possible. ^ 

o 

The annual report of the Sdruzeni Ceskych Svobodomyslnych Skol and a printed ua 
resolution will be sent to every society or organization either through their ^ 
delegates or by mail. 

The chairman, Ur. Joseph Tichava, then reported that the committee for the 
Fosvicenska Slavnost (Country-wake Festival) asked him for the addresses of all 
the secretaries of the boards of trustees of the Bohemian Free Thought schools. 
Inasmuch as we do not have all the addresses on hand, all the secretaries are 
requested to send their correct addresses to the secretary of the executive 



'^ 



I A 8 a - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 23, 1921, 

connalttee, Mrs. Katerlna Radesinsky, 3550 '.Vest 26th Street, Gtilcago, Illinois, 



-o 



Lately, delegates of many societies and organizations do not attend the meetings ^ 

regularly. Therefore, it was resolved that in every meeting the names of all ^ 

the delegates will be read at roll call and should any delegate be absent twice 17 

in succession then the society or organization he represents will be notified. ^ 

As there was no other business to be transacted, the reading of receipts and 2 

disbursements followed, and then the meeting was adjourned by the chairman, ^ 

Mr. Joseph Tiohava. ^ 

Kiarel Soukup, secretary. 



Dsnni ::i::sc-.tol , J-m, r:2, I;;!--, /^' ^'• 



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4^1 



Yejt3rd>..7'3 :ua:iual ir.oetinc oJ tlio .^Criijjiii ^vobodo; ."jln^cL ^I:ol (l-oierutlon 
Ox Cuech :.?rco T-iou-iit .vc2.oo1g), ii;la ii '-1-3 Luli.iir .JL^ccl I ..li, .„3 note- 
v.'ortliy h'jCauc3 to U--ivcrolt7 •.rofo: acre ..orj _r-.^ont, ii.i-.ol;^, iroi'eGsor 
xlionas fron the Lnivexsity Ox X-.ica :c, .uv^ ^ roxesscr . llljr iron the 
rnivsrsit:' of !"ichi:-r;n. -l-o" atte-riaoci the Mootinf: ;:■:! ^Lo iavit-tion of 
..r. ..\ J. 3e:i2G, -ho." .ere .cconpaaied cir hr. . -.la^, '..ho Introduced bhor.i 
to -jhe aui.iGrous r. ^rosont-.tivec: - thoi-od :-.t the :.i03ti:i~. !3oti- r.rofessors 
exproGsed their creat inteiarst ii: C ceh ;: tt.;.r3 and Jiiid the" tool: r:r3..t 
i-L^torest in the ;::tud:' of the C .ecli 1 .ar-ua/e and hi lory, -■.ofesGor fha.ias 
said that he ".rill '^rtici:a:.to ia ;.l;i.j year* 3 johol o::cur:;ion to Boaeaia, 
..lie. th_t he 3.:.. ects to rii.udn in 3ohe:iia ^or - Ion er ;eriod of tine for 
the pur^ioce o.' etudy. -J: the a;.^::e ti:.o, ho G-ad x,h.:.^ ao e::_ ected tc reach 
c;o-:.e aort of c:.r. arree.aent . ith the /0hie."o7 -^-i-^ . '^■p}^^ i- roG--a uo send- 
in?; rj-.-erto of hie travels throu;a hoha.".ia. Doth nveecIieG vere rDceived 
v.lth enthusiastic aToiuuse, 



III C 



'Oe:-i ': ix3_tpl_, Jan. 2'2, lil2. 




'ilie procoedin-sS oi' yesterday's :.3:;ti:i-; coiiGist.:'! ..L-:io:;t yntirely oi" the \.o 
olsction of officors -n:I ".ractically -;11 othsr ::..;t;teiS -.ero Iiold oYer lor 
tli-3 ne::t r.Gotin:; or turr.ed ovor to 3joci;..l co. r.ittGe.:; for action, . 'jroup 
of n3v; J3ler-.:t2o ";„3 -Lnncuiicod, J:;d alno3t :.!! cf Ihs orcani^:-tion3 ro- 
prjsontod -Jinciincjl th t they ac^^s^d ;.itii tho incrau^e in ar-ocial aGsoJs- 
nsnts fro:.: tlireo cj:it3 to five c:nt3» -Jig trujtoas of tao Ycjta. l.'aprctak 
-.ci.ool v;or.^ -ivan ";-3r.iijc.i on to .,t.rt .. i:i:id3rr:arten 



fho '^u.:rte .-iy fina::ci...l ri_::rt jhcv/j rocoipts of ;3,0o2,5J3; di Jbur30.....nt3, 
/I, £19,21; balance i:^ the tr:..3ury ..t tao ti:.o of tl:i;- :.ieotir.'v;, o, 004,04, 



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BOIEi.IAN 



Denni Hla satel. Fob. I, 1911, 
COIIoT.cUGTIOil TO B:£GDJ 




In Yesterday's Annual Loetin;;; of the Patrona-;e of the Yojta lIa;or3telc 
School It w'as Dec idea That the Jirectors Should 
Av/ard the Buildin:^ Contracts 

One of the best attcnled iPLeetin:::s of the Vojta llaprstek school patronage 
v/as held last evenin;^ in the uuper hall of 3o:':ol Ghicaso, on Kedzie Av. 
The reasons for the lar^e attendaii'^e of the raeeting v;e::-e very vj.ighty, 
not only because it vjas the annual r.;eetinr^ and election of officers vras 
on the pro::;ran, but because at this nesting, it V7as to be definitely 
decided as to v;hen constructirm of the nev; school at 25th St. and Ilonan 
Av, is to be co::iriienced. 



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Denni lllas atel. Feb. 1, 1911. 




The meet in : v;as called to ordor, at eight o'clock in the evenino;, by 
the chair.ian, Llr. H, Dusil, The secretary l-r, Otcovsky, read tae i.iinutes 
of the previous neetinc, v;hich v;ere accented as read. Bills v;ere ordered 
paid and of the corm.'iuni cations read, the one from the As ociation of 
Liberal (Free Thought) Schools v;as noted by the proper officers. The 
secretary then read the report of the coTi'iittee for t;ie New Year's Day 
celebration, in v;hich he annjunced, th'.t the receints on that occasion 
amounted to y228,16 v;ith disburse- lent 3 of JllS.lO, result in;-; in a net 
profit of "?11S',05. Tiiis report v/as accepted and than]:s voted to the com- 
nittee, Ilrs, Llazacova, for the Dobrocinny ICrouzek i:aliforns-r'/-ch Dan 
(Calif rrnia Ladies Benevolent Circle ), a-mounced they are turning over for 
the benefit of the school, )300. .J from, t .e orooeeds of the masquerade 



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Deuni'IUasatel. Feb. 1, 1911. 



3Cii-ui^Irt.i'j 




ball, siven by then, and any further profit realized vn.ll be included in 
the final report. The v/ornen vrere thanked for such profitable work and 
the {^ift v/as accepted v.lth expressions of r^ratitude. Then follovxed the 
reading of the nanes of nev;ly elected delegates and of the amounts of the 
contributions sent in by various .i.od:es. All nev/ly elected delegates 
were then v;elco:ied by the chairman. 

The secretary of the Board of Directors Llr. J. A. Jurena, then read a 
report of the activities of that body, pointing, out, that all preparations 
for building have been c npleted and it is nov; up to the dele.-^ates to 
decide when construction of the new school shall start. From the report 
given by I.Ir. Jurena, v/e find the total assets of the Patronage amount to 



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.303LiI.:iAlT 



Demn^Uasa_te_l, Feb. 1, 1311, 




•:?ll,17:i.76, of v)Inc . '^lljljO.wJ is loaned on notes, leaving a balance of 
jlZ.I^ v;vth tlie treasurer. Because the largest ^art of the loaned a'^ount 
is vjith the Kedzie Buildin^^^ & Loan Association, a sumnary of about one 
hundred '^aid-up shares v;ith tiiat societ:' v/as alsn read, I.ention also v/as 
nade of directors* neetin'';^, v/here tie bids of various contractors -jere 
discussed. The relatively lov; bids vjere aven consideration and the directors 
strove to recoirj lend ]iohe:iian rir:is exclusivsly, Accordin,^ to the bi:.s anoroved 
and received, the cost of construction ;.lll be about ,|;2o,011, and out of 
this suin, i.^r. Jurena, announced foi* the directors, there is a possibility 
of savir.:"^ about a hunured - oilars. The report v/as accented and then other 
matters of the evenln,-^ v;ere tclcen up. 



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.iO-Lii..Lii'T 



Denni Illasatel . Feb. 1, 1911, 




The chrdrr.an Ilr. Dijisil, made a sunr.iarized report of the activities of the 
past year, referring to t'le dimute about the :onstru3tlon of n Duildin^ 
to cost :u0re than ;20,000, He '^.ave the reasons v/hy he protested a -ainst 
the construction of so expensive a buildin,::. This, of course, caused a 
short debate, '. r, 7, Roubal, a forr;er nenhor of the Board of Directors, 
replied to t'^? chnirr.an's oroteat, lIov;ever, at the request of the r.ajority 
of those present that old v/ounds be not reonened, the debate ceased and the 
matter of bonds for the officers v;as taken up, Att3ntion was called to t'.".e 
fact tbat the secretary of the Ijonrl of Directors v/as bonded for only .;i,000, 
as a.-:ainst a bond of ^5,300, for the bookkeeper, alt ;our;h all money passed 
through the hands of the fonaer r.nd not the latter. Consequently, according 



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Denni Iilasatel . 7eb. 1, 1911, 



bc-Iji: 




to a notion i.iade and carried, the bond of t!;e secretary v;ill be raised to 
,)5,030, and the booKceoper's r^dur^ed to Jl,000. Tho bond of the chainian, 
•#2,000, and that of the treasurer, ;10,000, .ill re ,.ain as ere-to-fore, 
'..'ith the cv.-:) let ion of t .is riatt'^r, the r.ost 1 .^iTtant business of the 
evenin:"^ -jas taken -p, nanel^'-, the election of directors. To the -ioard of 
Directors, v;"^ich consists of nine inenbers the rollov;lnr.' nansd persons vjere 
elected: 1-essrs. Dusil, .lys, Toiinka, Otcovsliy, Zednik, ous, StejDanek 
and "jnes, Ilrychova and liazacova. Llr, TXisil v/as elected iresident. I^rs, 
Brychtova v;aG naned vice-president, I'rs, .itepanek v;as elected secretary, 
lirs, Kar. Janecek v;as reelected boolckeeper r.nd :;r. J. I. Jurena vn\s re- 
elected treasurer. The arran.^eir.ent con ittee was n p-jinted by the chairnan 



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Denni rilasatel , 7eb. 1, 1911, 






to a r.otion .•.lade and cjarriod, the "mnd of t: e secretary v/ill be raised to 
,^5,000, and t:.e book>eoper's ridur^ed to 31,000. The bond of the chairiian, 
.;2,000, and that of the treasurer, ;10,030, •.ill regain as ere-to-fore, 
lith the c .•;■■) let ion of t .is ::att-^r, the r.ost i. .n-rtant business of the 
evenin-^ ;;as taken 'p, narioly, the election of d'rectors. To the .oard of 
Directors, v/dch consists of nine nenbers the follov/ln*: nari3d persons v;ere 
elected: Ilessrs, Diisil, 2ys, Tooinka, Otcovslry, Zednih, ous, Stepanek 
and lines, Ilrychova and Ilazacova. Ilr, :)usil v/as elected ^resident, r.rs, 
Brychtova v;a3 naned vice-president, "'re, itepanek v;as elected seoret-:.ry, 
LIrs, liar. Janecel: v;as rcrdscted boolckneper and ! r.J, I, Jurena v;.-.s re- 
elected treasurer. The arran je:;.ent con Ittee v;a3 a p-jinted by the chairirian 



II 3 2 f 

I D 1 a 

III 3 2 

II D 6 

III J. 



- 7 - 



-£3at2l» ^^^'5» ^-» -311 • 



■O'l^'U^ 






and Is coiiposed of Ilessrs, , 3us, Zsr.ian, cn-l 1^183,301193, Fencl and ?.ak. 
The nuditin.; con ittee also v/as noiiied by the c'lairaan as follo7;s: I.rs, 
Soucek, I.r, Yasak and Mr, D. llovak, lir, Tjpinka and i;rs, -rychtova 
v;ere elected dole rates to the Association of Liberal (Free Thought) 
Schools. 



'■Jlth this, the elections cfune to an end cjid on the ..otion of I.r, To'oinka, 
it v;as decided "by TOte to bo -in building at once, the av/ardino of contracts 
tu be left to the decision of the directors, T is body vd.ll hold its 
neetinr* on I.onday, at vrhich tine contracts v;ill be si ;ned and soon after 
that construction v/ill be'dn. The nev; buiidln- of the Yojta I'aprstek 



I :. 3 a 

II 3 2 f 

I D 1 a 

III B 2 

II D 6 

III A 



■-\{YTr 'T '.fT 



Denni Illasatel. 7eh. 1, 1911. 




School, u ion its co:;. ^lotion and dedication, ■.-.•ill surely be the pride of 
all oro:",reG ive yhica30 Boheruan.: -nd those of Vesica Calif ornie (Boher'iian 



California) in oarticr.?.ar. After tho rcadin--]; 



the receipts of the 



evening 279,05, ond disburse. lents of ;157,25, the ".eet-Ln,;^ v;as adjourned 
at a late hour. 



I A 2 a BOHSJ.JA^T 

I A 2 b 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 20, 1911. 

II B 3 

II D 6 FOR A IIE:.'; school Al^ID A US':; GYIJIASim: 

Preparations for tvio buildings in "Czech California" are being pushed 
with great vigor for the edifices are destined to play an inportant part 
in the life of the Czech population of the district. One is the school, 
Vcjta ITaprsteck, on 26th and Homan ave. , the other the gyrnnasiim of the 
Sokol Havlicek, on Lawndale ave., near 26th st. 

The old school has been in need of a building for a long tine, to cen- 
tralize its activities and to keop the classes xinder one roof, af-;ain, the 
old gynnasiuin has proved utterly inadequate for the accommodation of the 
ever increasing numbers of ohe Sokol association, ;jhich began and pros- 
pered in the old locality, but now has outgrown its size. The tv;o build- 
ings v/ill not only meet a pressing demand of the astoundingly thriving 
district, but v;ill no doubt have a decorative effect as well. 




I A 2 a 

I A 2 b 
III E 2 

II B 3 
II D 6 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel, Jan. 20, 1911. 



B0II2I.!IAtT 



The bids of the contractors for the school, will be opened 
Konday in the chambers of the Sokol Chicago f^ymnastic society. 
An outlay of )45,000 was originally planned; the svm. v;a- lowered to ""25,000, 
as soi:.. of the leaders, I'r. Richard Dusil and a fev; otheis excepted, v;ere 
afraid to go too deep into debt. The drawings were v/orked out in the 
of rices of Architect Jan Klucina. They are generally acknov/ledf^ed as 
meeting the requirements of usefulness and beauty. 

The school has nov; six classes, four on Kedzie ave. , and tvro on Homan ave.; 
the six classes in the ne.v building are to accommodate one hundred children. 
The building coiranittee v/ill be co::posed of I'-T. Richard Dusil, president, 
I'r. Adolph Rys, I'.ts, I.arie Stepanek, and I'r. J. F. Fisher; the construction 
will be started toward the end of Llarch. 

The site for the gymnasium is valued at §3,500. 
in the offices of architects Ludvik Ilovy £: Son, 




The plans were prepared 
The cost of the building 



I A 2 a - 3 - I;C!I3r.:iA:T 

I A 2 b 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 20, 1911. 

II E 3 , 

II D 6 is to be .7;35,OCjQ, v;hicli will be contributed in shares. The 

Cjnnhastic socieu.' has two hundred male nenbers, eif-hty members 
in the women's section and about 150 members in the junior division. The 
preliminary wor2<, propaganda and support, as well as the actual erection, 
aro in the hands of a committee of t'.velve Sokols whose names follow: 
Yelan, Jakoubek, Zeman, Prochazka, Benes, Kier, Krametbauer, Cermak, 
Zeman, Raska, Vlsen, and I.^artinek. 




II 2 1 c (3} 

15 4 Denni '[lasatel , June 12, 19^5 • 

III :; 

£c:iccL FOR :t. ^:G:i::'~ oHURCii cci^PLii .d 



BCj_:.:i.:K 



r.l — A "beautiful £;chcol-''cuilQin[: hus been erected on C'sntrsl F^rk Avenue 
beside '-""t. i-.gneE's '':hurc:., a testimony tc the ijride v/hich Bohonian Catholics 
take in their schools. Yesterday the foundation of the school v-&s cele1;ra- 
ted, and a lar^ e num.er of societies, sor.e in uniform, took part in the cer- 
emony. The church, the school, und •'■he adjacent streets v/ere lavishly dec- 
orated with flag's. A passu; ev.'ay erbo'.vered v/ith ^reen branches led to the 
entrance of the school, and alon[. this the precession parsed, headed by 
Father i'olitor, archiepiscopal ccunsellor, vho performed the rite of con- 
secration. After the ofricial celebration those in attendance renoved to 
the near-by garden, where an entertainment vru:. presented. 



I A 2 a BOHEMIAN 

I B 4 Svornost. Way 8, 1896 

HI c 

Against the Bitle in Schools 

The Bohemian Liberal Comminity decided at its last meeting on Sunday, to ask 
the Chicago Board of Education to make a decision to eliminate from the 
Chicago schools the reading of the Bitle, The petition was as follows: 3S 






r 



^^ 



Konoratle Board of Education; - The Bohemian Literal Corjnunity in Chicago 

made a lonanimous decision at its last meeting, May 3rd, 1896, which is 

hereby "brought to the attention of the Board: ^ 

Whereas - many Christian sects have introduced to the public schools the t--- 
Bible, with the purpose of having it read by the school pupils, it is &5 
decided to present this honest and reasonable petition. Your educational 
body should have as its main problem the protection of our present free 
schools, which are an inheritance of a free nation, against any misinterpret- 
ations and misunderstandings, and consequently it should be prohibited from 
reading the Bible, for or by the children in the schools. We are sure the 
Bible reaxiing would spoil the young hearts of our children, would deprive 
then of pity for hunanity, good fellowship and tolerrnce to others, of 
morals, liberty, and education. Examples from the past are proving this. 



I A 2 a -2- BCmiM 

Svornost , May 9, 1896 

Our children xhould be taught in the schools equality, fraternity, freedom __ 

for all peoples, justice and the duties of good citizenship, without the 7^ 
EilDle, no matter whether Jewish, ChristisJi, Wohammedan, or K'lorraon, - F. B, 

Zdrusek - President, F. Nadherny - Secretary, if 

B 



Ill c 



Svornost, Sept. 1, 1890 
lav; CAThOLIc' SCHOOL 

Yesterday v^as a da^ of re,ioicin;=; f-.hX celebration for iohenian Catholics of 
oiir city. 'Ihey "becai^e the possessors of a beautiful new school building, 
of which they can well be iDroud, especially the meTiberE of St. Procopius 
Parish, who unafraid of the task, set sbout to build this beautiful refuge 
for their youth, a school such as ™e "Liberal, minded" (P'ree thinkers) would 
not be able to provide so easily. 

The school is located behind the church, on Allport St. ne.?r loth St. It is 
a building; four stories high and ve'' 1 arranged for the piirpose it is neant 
to serve, j-he erection of the building ^7as under the supervision of the very 
conscientious and upright builder, F.C. L?yer. 

This new Gptholic institution of lesrnin ■■ wa? dedicr-ted yesterday and will be 
given over to its "ourpose in p few da:/s. Various societies of the community 
attended the Oatnolic celebration. A parade was formed and at 2:30 P.^'. the 
massing of people in the vicinity of the school and church was irimense. 




Bo;5i;;^iAN 



Syornos t. Sept. 1, 1890 

Arch i shop i'eehen, in the comppji;/ of the Priest? and Trustees, went to the 
school building. V.'ith custor^ar;/ rites the "building* v/as consecrated, the 
keys to the "building e.ccepted end given to the Procopius community for the 
purposes indicated. After these rites the gathering returned into the 
church for hi er sing. 




5or the evening there was arranged a theatrical, a concert, and ? large tab- 
let in honor of the St. Procopius parishioners. 



I. ATTITUDES 
A. Education 
2. Parochial 

c. Contributions 



I A 2 c BOHEIJLAU 

I A 2 b 

Dennl Hlasatel . June 24, 1920. 

ERbCTION OF A li^.l HJIIDING FOR THE BQHELIIAN FHSS THOaCET 
SCHOOL m OUR FOREIilOST BOHEIJIAIJ SSTTLEI^^T 

The Patronat Svobodomyslnych Ceskych Skol v Ciceru (Trustees of the Bohemian 

Free Thought Schools of Cicero), after many years of peaceful work, is under- ^ 

taking a difficult task — the erection of a new building for the Bohemian Free ^ 

Thought schools, the urgent need of which requires quick action. More thein F; 

six hundred children, pupils of the Bohemian Free Thought school, are anzious --- 

to find out whether there is a possibility of learning the language of their S 

parents in a reguleir school building, and not at places where the children ^- 
suffer both moral and bodily harm. 






In the name of these children, the Patronat Svobodomyslnych Ceskych Skol v 
Ciceru is urging all friends of the Bohemian language to contribute toward the 
building fund in order that this project may be financially secure. We ask 
all the Bohemian organizations — they will receive our letter with the request 
for monetary help — not to lay this letter aside v;ith the remark "Zase zebrota" 
{Itore beggary) , but to help us to the best of their abilities. 



I A 2 C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 2 b 

Dennl Hlasatel . June 24, 1920. 

This project is for the benefit of our Bohemian children. It is for a new 
school building from vbich they cannot be ousted by any of the Cicero School 
Board moguls, as happened some time ago. At the same time we urge the organiza- 
tions to send delegates to the meetings of the Fatronat Svobodomyslnych ^ 
Ceskych Skol v Ciceru regularly and to participate in this gigantic vork vihich ^ 
is ahead of us. Furthermore, we ask the Bohemian societies of Cicero to p 
appoint the greatest possible number of collectors from their ranks and report 
their names to the secretary of the building committee. 



o 



For the building committee of the Patronat Svobodomyslnych Ceskych Skol ▼ 
Ciceru: Jan Sebek, chairman; Vaclav Kesl, secretaxy, 5321 West 25th Place, 
Cicero; Frantisek Suchy, treasurer, 5522 West 24th Street, Cicero, Illinois. 



I. ATTITUDE 
A. Education 
2. Parochial 

d. Special Sndoiwments 




I A S d BGEmaAIT 

The Czechoslovak: P;eYiew _ September 1921, 

A SGI-OLAIiSj .IP* 

p, 274 ,, The national Council of Bohonian Catholics has set aside '5,000 to 
be used as a uucleus of a scholarship • 

This fund ttIII be aviarded to a poor but v/orthy youn-;;: nan vjho will pursue 
studies at sone of the higher Catholic institutions. 

Those interested should communicate v.'ith the llational Coimcil of Eohenian 
Catholics, 3207 ./est 22nd Street, ChicaTO, Illinois, 



so 
o 



I. ATTITUDES 
A. Education 

3. Adult Education 



t'i'i_'-&':'!W",: ■ 



II D 10 


II A 1 


III C 


III G 


III H 



I A 3 BOHEMIAN * 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct, 12, iy21. 

SOCIAL SEH7ICE WOHK 

The Narodni Svaz Ceskych Eatoliku (National Alliance of Czech 
Catholics) has been paying a great deal of attention lately to social service, 
and one of its achievements is the Czechoslovak department in the Catholic 

Immigration Office in New York, which was orgeinized by the National Catholic ^ 

Welfare Council, The Narodni Svaz will send to this aepartment very shortly J^ 

a Czechosluvak young lady, a social worker who will devote all her time to p 

Czechoslovak immigrants exclusively* The work along this line is very important ^ 

and our nation has been in great need of it. Now, however, the problem is being ^ 

dealt with by the Naroani Svaz and will be solved by the appointment of a Czech ° 

worker, '^^ 



rs5 



This, however, is not all we have in mind to do. The need for trained 
social workers is steadily growing, particularly for workers who are also 
trained in civic and social economics ana are otherwise well equipped 
for social and charity work m all branches. The importance of this 



I A 3 - 2 - B0H5IJIAI-I 

Denni Illasatel, Oct, 12, 1921. 



II D 10 


II A 1 


III C 


III G 


III H 



v;ork camioL be denied and it is our desire to see iriany more of our 
girls and worr.en in it; ladies who like this kind of v;ork will find 
in it their best and nost conplete satisfaction. For this reason 
the Narodni Svaz Geskych Katolilru has appointed a special coraiittee under 
the chainnanship of Dr. k.3. Lorenz, who is a v;ell-knovm Czech physician. ^ 
The comnittee has made contact ivith the social departi^ie^it of the National ? 
Catholic \»elfare Council in './ashington and a number of the foremost Ameri- ^ 
can universities having a department of social service. One of these uni- (J 
versities is the x^oyola University of Chicago located on Clark and Randolph -o 
Streets. Tlie Svaz's contact with this university has resulted in a letter p 
which we are proud to publish in its original reading ^/^iglisi^. L 



Loyola University 
"Dr. i.l. 2. Lorenz, jS National Alliance of Bohenian Catholics /sicj. 






I A 3 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

II A 1 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 12, 1921. 

III C 

III "Chicago, Illinois. 

Ill H 

"My dear Dr. Lorenz: 

Relative to our conversation I take this occasion formally to 

repeat my offer to your National Alliance of Bohemian Catholics of two scholar- T 
ships In the Social Service Department of this school, provided the young ladies 

are at least eighteen years of age and have not a hi^ school education, or are ~ 

over twenty cmd have the equivalent of same. '- 

"V/ith every best wish, 5 

"Sincerely, 

"(Signed) Frederic Siedeburg, S.J." 

A fine success, this] We have two scholarships already which must be given 
to worthy and desirable girl students. They will receive a complete train- 
ing for social service free of any charge. With their studies completed 



I A 5 - 4 - B0EI1I.JLAN 

II D 10 

II A 1 Deiini Illasatel , Oct. 12, 1921. 

III 

III G they will receive a diploma and engage in that service, either in 

III H the sphere of irmiicrr tion, industry, charity, health railv^ay, or 

any other. Girls v/ho have an inclinatior: for such work shoul d 

send their applications directxy to the Ilarodiii Svaz Ceskych Katoliku, 

3207 "./est 22nd otreet, Chicago, Illinois. The application nust contain 

infon.ation as to the applicant's age, education, and experience. If you ^ 

do net, at this tL'.ie, receive the above-nentioned scholarship, your appli- ^ 

cation will remain on our files for future inference. It is our wish to p 

see our gir.l.s engaginc in social v/oric, a field v;here v;e miss then nox7. ^ 

-o 

For the Ilarodni Svaz Geslych Ijatoliku, • 2 

Ant. Vaclav Tesar, office manager. ^ 



All those who want to join the expedition of the Ilarodni Jvaz Geskj^ch 
Katoliku to Czechoslovakia next year please send us their applications. 

The Harodni Svaz Geskych Katoliku is making reservations for the 



r«o 



\ 



I A 3 - 5 - BOEauIAIJ 

II D 10 

II A 1 Denni laasatel . Cct. 12, 1921. 

III G 

III G participants in the expedition to the old covmtrj'- in the year of 
III H 1922. 



-c 



-T5 

o 

CO 

C: 
r\3 



-D 



I A g BOHE!?>TAN 

I A 1 a 

III A Dennl Hl&satel , Sept. 5, 1921, 

NIGHT SCHOOLS 

As in past years, evening classes will be held in Chicago public schools this 
year. They will start tomorrow, September 6, and end January 2, 1922. Classes 

will be four evenings a week and the instruction is free. Classes will be held :^ 

in the following schools ^^anslator's note: Here follows a list of three ^ 

schools on the North Side, six on the Northwest Side, ten on the West side, rj 

eight on the North Side, names of which are omitted in translatio^. gg 

o 

These night schools offer to everyone an excellent opportunity to learn the fol- lo 
lowing subjects, or to become more proficient in them. ^ 

Of 

Instruction is given in the English language, which is of special importance to 
the immigrants. Those who for any reason were unable to attend or to finish the 
elementary school can complete their knowledge of the English language at the 
night school. 



I A 5 - £ - BOHEinAN 

I A 1 a 

III A Dennl Hlasatel, Sept. 5, 1921, 

Besides this, these night schools take up such subjects as are taught in high 
schools. 

Instruction will be given in dressmaking and domestic science, etc., for girl£^ 
other subjects are bookkeeping, designing, machine engineering, and various ^ 
crafts. Immigrants, or those who have not yet acquired American citizenship, - 
may receive instruction in civic matters, some knowledge of which they must X, 
show to pass the citizenship examination. o 

The Chicago School Board urges all immigrants and ncncitizens to attend night Kj 
schools, because there they can learn English and everjrthing else a citizen of--* 
this country is required to know. The Board also urges all employers to send 
to the night schools all their minor employees who have not finished elementary 
school. 

For housewives, and such girls and women as are unable to attend night schools, 
there will be special day classes in various schools. Of these the following 



IAS - 3 - Bcswmm 

I A 1 a 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 5, 1921, 

are In, or close to, Czech settlements ^ranslotor^s note: A list of fifteen 3? 
schools Is omitted In translatio^, ::i 

Ibere are also many factories vrfiere daytime classes will be held for employees -r 
who vjant to acquire additional education. Sore of these factories are also in i- 
Czech neighborhoods. ^. 



I A 3 BOEavIIrtN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 19, 1914. 

NIGHT SCHOOL INSTRUCTION 

Instruction in night schools will start next Monday, October 5, and as in ^ 

previous years, there will be two-hour classes all weelcdays except Friday and ^ 

Saturday. As their principal purpose, these niglit schools offer adult ijnmi- ^ 
grants an opportunity to learn the English language, and public school gradu- 



classes in various practical subjects, such as stenography, bookkeeping, type- 
writing, caligraphy, business correspondence, and in higher classes, various 
technical subjects. 

In the Harrison, Crane, Lake, Lane, Englewood, Bowen, Medill, Tuley, Waller, 
Pullman, Phillips, and other high schools, there is instruction in mechanics, 
drawing, mathematics, electrical engineering, and other practical subjects. 
There are classes for women's work, such as cooking, sewing, millinery, etc. 
According to the Chicago School Board's decision, the instruction is free, but 
pupils of the higher classes, as usual, will have to deposit one dollar, which 



-o 



ates can also add to their educations. For this reason, the schools offer g 






I A 3 - 2 - BCHg^IIAi: 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 19, 1914. 

will be returned to those who attend classes at least three fourths of the :«* 
time. Classes will be held in the following schools in Bohemian neighborhoods: 3 
/There follows a long list of schools and tneir locationsj^T" C 

CO 

ca 

— I 
tr 



I A 5 BOEdlLX'^T 

II C 
I C 

Denni Hlasatel . :m-z, 6, 1911. 

PUBLIC LIBRAHT BILiNCE 

So tliat those beautiful i.ords v:ould not sound enpty that r/ere spoken a 
week aco upon the occasion of the Ilavlicek festivities; so that our 
people here riiay dravi nev; strencth from the loost successful celebration, 
it is urcont tliat v;e fulfill the pronise v;e made during the sacred 
moments of the unveiling of the Karel Ilavlicek laonunent, to the effect that 
vie will v;ork earnestly for everything tliat v;as dear to Ilavlicek. In order 
that such work be done, it is necessary'' first of all that our people, 
especially the youth, educate theiusolves by reading cood Czech books. 
Really good Czech books can be obtained at the branch of the riiblic Library 
located at 3o47 .aest T'-.-enty-siicbh Street. This library is stocked with 
Czech books 




I A 5 

II C 
I c 



- 2 - 
Denni Hlasatel , Auf^. 5, 1911, 



BOEJLIIAII 



If there is an active deinand Tor Czech books, the Library Board vdll be 
coir.pelled to increase the nuiiber und improve the collection of these 
books. 




li . • .^ LAI 



BOHEMIAl^^ 



Svornost . ilov. l6, IojI 

- ■ T&iiz t:oachii^g or EiUiLisa 

A few dp-'-s PQO we Drought the information thrt oior coiontryn- n, Mr. Jos. F. 
Kohout, v/a.s mexie a tercher in the City evening school, locrted in the Fos- 
ter school "biiildintS on Union St. So far as v^e know, English was taught 
previousl:/ by ex. Irishr.an, snd in his classes vrere nan;/ Bohemians, These, 
however, practically -^11 stopped rttendinji the school, for tl^at which he 
tau^jht v:as anything else hut English. 

We hope that everything will c-"ienge now, and that all those who formerly 
attended the school vill retin*n and with them many new pupils. All those 
who wish to enrol] in the class are "orged to report to the principaJ of the 
school, rnd tell him that they are 3oheraians and they will 'he assigned to 
the class which is under the supervision of -^r. J.F. Kohout. 

Sspecially our youth who do not know the i^n^lish lancTiage would do well to 
attend, for they not only woulo hensfit "but would serve to advance Bohemian 
thin^^s in i^,eneral. 






- 2 - 



Svornost , I'.ov. l6, ISGl 



BOKEMIM 



If Bohemirns let it "be known that they rish to learn Snglish, .'^. different 
attitude would De tf.ken tov/prd them in reg'^rds to their ?chool m-tters. 




': in 



'•'"e shrll expect that this little hint will he suif'ficient and that I'.v, Ko- 
hout's class will "be edvpntafaSous and STiccessful . 



I A 3 • ■ BOHBM IAN 

III A 



STorncst . Dec. 9, 1878. 
^pmWHG CLASSES IN ENGLI^ 




The teaching of English has "began in the evening school. Classes are held on 
Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 75 30 P* M« Anyone wishing to join these classes 
will kindly report to Mr, Matas at 73^ Morgan Street. 



I. ATTITUDES 
B. Mores 

1. Temperance 



I B 1 BOHS!!LAI-T 

I F 2 

I F 3 Denni laasatel . Feb. IS, 1920. 

I? 

ACTIVITY" OF CZSCH ALD}3K.e^: 

In a meeting of the City Council of Chicaco held yesterday, our Aldermen, 
John Toman and Joseph Kostner of the 34th A'ard, presented a resolution 
v;hich is emphatically challenging the City Council to take steps to in- 
duce the State Legislature to repeal its decision concerning the National 
Prohibition iimendment, and which started the National rrohibition. The 
resolution was referred to ths judicial committee. In it it is claimed 
that the Eighteenth Amendment was accepted during the time when our 
country was in a state of great excitement, and v/hen our people did not 
have sufficient opportunity to consider such an important and extraor- 
dinary nev; matter. It is asserted that the Eighteenth -Amendment is a 
violation of personal liberty and the States* independence, and that until 
the time when the Supreme Court will decide on its constitutionality, all /^ 
the citizens ought to aid the officers in the enforcement of this law, i'^\^-\. 
The resolution is also asking that the copies of it be sent to Governor Vo^" ;:^ 

y 



O; 



%, ^>./ 



I B 1 - 2 - BOHHIL^I 

I F 2 

I F 3 Deimf Hlasatel, Feb. 19, 1920, 

^ - -r 

/Frank/ Lovxden, to the speaker of the House of Representatives 

and t o the chairman of the State Senate, 

The main purpose of this resolution, proposed by the Aldermen John Toman 
and Joseph ICostner, is that this question of prohibition should be decided 
by a referendum. 

The Aldermen also made it clear that they are interested in seeing to it 
that the sale of beer and light wine is made legal, /alderman Anton Cermak, 
chairman of the judicial committee, to v/hich the resolution was referred, 
and also most of its members, proved in different matters that they are of 
the same liberal opinion, and it is surely expected that the resolution will 
be approved by them^ and will be recommended to the City Council for its 
acceptance, ^ 



'J.J 



^ 



m. f j 





I B 1 BOHSMLflN 

I B 2 

17 Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 3, 1920. 

/CONGRSSSLLm 3ABATH PROPOSES PROHIBITION imj 

(Sditorial) 

Gongressmaii Adolph J. Sabath, a well-known Czech Congressman, has proposed a 
new prohibition law, which would allov/ the manufacture and distribution of 
beer with an alcoholic content of three per cent and wine with a nine per 
cent content. Should this proposal become a law, vre could somehov/ reconcile 
ourselves with Prohibition. But there is very little hope for its acceptance, 
for Congress is fanatically possessed and will not become cool-headed until 
the ice-cold shov/er comes — at the next Ivovember election. 



13 1 rK)::.:x.:: 

17 

Denni aasatol , .Tr_..n. '61, 1920. 

The eni'orc8:ij:it oi" the :ic:.tio".i:-. 1 prohibition lav: \jill bu iiTOO'-:ible, o.eclared 
Gon(;:ressi,ian ..dolph J, .'>rroatb fron Ghics-.ro ir. the House of Reprosantativen, 
today, in an attonpt to eztclude froia the deficiency aT^propriation the iten 
of one nillion dollorc, for the ^ra-intenance of '■j.-j.rds for thi liruor v.T.re- 
hoD.r-es, .... "I do not .;elievo tr^xt the Government uill be able to en- 
force thi'j prohibition la-;;," sriid Con'-rer.r-riF.n ..i.dolph J. S&bath. "Before vie 
ret through v;ith f::ic-., the attcimt v.-ill cost four or fi^'"e Million dolj.nrs s 
year. You cannot enforce it, bccauco the people of ti^e United States -.re 
ar^ain^t it." 




I B 1 B(HS3>TIAN 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennl HLasatel , Jan. 25, 1920, 

IV 

FROM ACTIVITIES OF CZECH CONGRSSSIIAN 
ADOLPH J. SABATH 

Last week, Congressman Adolph J. Sabath, representing a preponderantly 
Czech district in Chicago, presented to the House a bill demanding that 
all bonded liquor be bought by the Government, and to place it on the 
market for medicinal or industrial purposes. Besides this, the Govern- 
ment is to refund taxes to owners who had not been permitted to sell 
their liquor. Such an arrangement would certainly be justified, because 
people who have been deprived of their valuable property through no fault 
of their own, surely have a good claim for damages. The only question is, 
however, vdiether the Government can bear such an enormous expenditure. 

About sixty million gallons of liquor are stored up in the Governmei^ 
warehouses, and if the Government were to buy up the entire stock, the 
amount would be quite excessive. Those congressmen vidio are responsible 




I B 1 . _ 2 - BQriE!!IAi: 



I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennl Hlasatel , Jan, 25, 1920. 

IV 

for prohibition ought also to find a way for a just restitution, 
and should, therefore, support Congressman Sabath's proposed measure. 




I B 1 • BOHHILIL'il-: 

I F 3 

I F 6 Denni Hlasatel. i\ug. 28, 1917. 

^ r- -r 

^yOHN TGivIM RiiTUItlv^o TO GHICaGO/ 

Alderman John Tonan is back fraii Boston, l.Iass., where he and other members 
of the City Council license co.-nniittee studied conditions of the saloon 
business. He voiced his admiration for the manner in which it was handled 
in that city, and expressed his earnest desire to see a sLmilar system 
established in Chicago. The people v;ould like it very much, true enough, 
but Llayor Thompson would surely prefer to see the plan defeated, as it 
would take away a part of his pov/er. 










I B 1 BOHailAIT 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel, July 2, 1917. 

[k 'uise IIovg/ 

(Sditorial — ouiiunary) 

It is interesting to note that some Jnglish language papers, which have been 
rabidly prohibitionist up to the present, are turning tov;ard a laore tolerant 
viev;. They are {jraduallj'" becoming aware of the danger and the impending dam- 
age to the country if Congress should vote for national prohibition. 

The Chicago Daily IJevfS , a paper vvhich iias always advocated dry measures, now 
admits tJiat prohibiting the manufacture of beer and wine would not be 

\vise The Chicago Tribune is even more outspoken on the issue. It 

points to jJurope, v/here restrictions on account of the ..ar, liave been lim- 
ited more to solid foods than to liquids. Radical measures, like prohibition, 
should not be introduced during ..ar time. "If any restrictions are to be 
placed on consumption, this should be done only in case of urgent necessity," 
the paper says. 




-^ -' •*■ Rjri..ii;j: 

I G 

Domii :;i,i.;:-t-l . Hay fil, 1917. 

(Editorial ) 

Billy oimdaj' proclair.ied he will enlist as a soldier under Hoosevelt even 
if they should sive hiin no other tasi: than shinins the Colonel »s boots. 
He ni.3ht thus prove nore useful there than b: his rabid activities in the 
field of prohibition. 




I B 1 BOE-:..I.:IT 

1 D 2 c 

I J 2 Denni IIlasatGl , Apr. 25, 1917. 

I G _ _ 

/PROHIBITION/ 

(3ditorial-Suraaary) 

Extensive and intensive propaganda for the introduction of national pro- 
hibition has set in all over the country; the neaoure is proposed to last 
for thu duration of the v;ar, for it is considered by some as a natter of 
expeuiency. The degree of acuteness of the situation can be gaus3d by 
the fact th^t the caucus of the Democr':itic congreosmen h:^s deci'^,.- for 
prohibition, advancing as the main reason the large cuantities of corn 
saved by usin;; it for food, instead of for the manufacture of alcoholic 
beverages. 

The advocates of prohibition do not consider the loss of v;ork for many 
thousands of people unci the dissolution of many industrial .jid co-'inercial 
organizations that v/ould inevitably follov; prohibition. The lia^uor tax 



I B 1 - 2 - BOi:S?.!IAr 

I D ?. c 

I F 2 Dennl raasatel , Apr, 23, 1917. 

I G 

■would replenish the funds that support our government. We are not sur- 
prised by the attitude the caucus has taken, for many congressmen come 
from southern prohibition states. 




I B 1 BOHBML^^ 

III B 1 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel. Mar. 37, 1917. 

I F 5 

I H . CZECH BRANCH UIIITED SOCISTISS* MSSTHW 

17 

A meeting of the Czech branch of the United Societies was opened last night 
by its president John A» Cervenka; the place was the home of the Sokol Chicago. 
There was a large number of women in the gathering. Anton J. Cermlk, secretaiy 
of the organization, gave a report concerning the Barbour Proposal on the pro- 
hibition of liq^uor, which is to be voted on in the Illinois Legislature, 

The essentials of the proposed law are knovm in their outline. They demand, 
briefly, that alcoholic beverages be barred from premises where four or more 
people assemble for dancing. The fine for violation is fixed at $200. The 
bill has reached the stage of the second reading. All the bills concerning 
the United Societies will be voted on by them in a meeting next Vtiednesday. 

Mr. Sermak called further attention to the harassing to which a representative 
of the United Societies, who is a member of the Legislature, was subjected to 




I B 1 - 2 - BOHELIIxilT 

III B 1 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel , IJar. 27, 1917, 

I F 5 

I H last Sunday, when tv/o hundred, or more, men and women with children 

IV demonstrated in front of his residence warning him in a threatening tone 
to vote for the Barbour Bill and for the referendum for the establish- 
ment of prohibition. 

"Some members of the Legislature and the city coimcil are liberal minded and 
opposed to blue laws," LIr. Cerraak said, "but they often indulge in passing: un- 
premeditated remarks as, 'they might vote for prohibition,* and by using them 
as a sort of threat, they blur and confuse the whole issue. Our nev;spapers 
ought to keep an eye on these men and submit their actions to severe criticism, 
in due time." 

iilr. Cervenka introduced LIr. Kramer, president of the United Societies, v/ho re- 
lated his interviev/s with several members of the Legislature, each of whom de- 
clined to prognosticate the outcome of the voting on the blue bill but produced, 
in lieu of a promise, circulars in which resolutions, recommending laws by which 
our state would be hurled into an abyss of fanaticism, v/ere published. These 






I B 1 - 3 - BOHSIvgAIT 

III B 1 

I F 4 Dennl lUasatel , Ivlar.. 27, 1917. 

I F 5 

I H circulars were passed vjith the aid of bo;'"S and girls of sectarian 

IV churches and schools. Mr. I-Iramer hopes, hov;ever, that just as in the 
State of Missouri the rural vote was overwhelmed by the vote of St. Louis, 

Chicago will manage to beat the country districts, three-Q.uarters of whose 
votes are for prohibition. 

In taking the floor, Llr. Cervenka viewed with alarm the extent to which pro- 
hibition has gained a dominant position in the various states (tv;enty-five to 
date), and hov/ almost one-half of Congress is for prohibition, where only two- 
thirds are necessary to make the blue bill a law. "The situation in Illinois 
is so extremely critical," the speaker stated, "that the brewers are afraid to 
invest in their business, apprehending eventualities. A constitutional con- 
vention, in these portenteous times, may bring a constitution worse than the 
present one. IVithin one year Chicago will have to vote on prohibition and v/ill 
have to face the issue," predicted the speaker. 



ISr, R. Svoboda observed that this country has ceased to be a land of libertj 



im.o 



I B 1 - 4 - B0E2MIAI'I 

III B 1 

I F 4 Deimf Hlasatel , Ivlar. 27, 1917. 

I F 5 
I H but has become one of usurpation and fanaticism, 

IV _ _ 
/ilderman /Otto/ Kerner announced, in mentioning Home Hule, that he has 

worked out an ordinance, v;hich, if passed by the city council, v;ould then go 
to the Legislature; it is designed to secure authority for the city council 
to regulate the liquor trade, Ke v/as to submit the proposed ordinance on the 
day of the present meeting. The referendum vdll be voted on by the public. 
The speaker felt sure of the success of his ordinance, notwithstanding the 
fact that some aldermen seem to have changed their minds to the detriment of 
the proposed ordinance. 

I.!r. Cervenka called for vigorous participation in the work of the delegates 
who are to be sent to Springfield. I«Ir. Frank Liasek and Alderman Novak re- 
gretted that the tavern keepers lag in interest for the anti-prohibition 
movement, although they are the first to be hit by the adverse lav;s proposed. 
"Many of them," they said, " do not even belong to the United Societies." 



I B 1 - 5 - BOHailM 

III B 1 

I F 4 Deiml Hlasatel . Mar. 27, 1917, 

I F 5 

I H In defense of the liquor men rose LIrs. Sistek and Mr, Cermak, both 

IV of whom described the tavern keeper as a forgotten man, who has no one 
who would come to his support. The meeting v/as then adjourned. 









?;^■ 



13 1 Bo?£i:.:i.jT ,^^ 

III 3 2 /^^^ ■ 

I H Denni -Uasatel , liar. 25, 1917. |3 H'.fJ ci 

17 

0ZJ^12 GALL I^ZrilTG AGAIII-T D2YS 

The Oz3ch branch of the United Socioties is sendinr; out a call to ams in 
defense of personal freedom. There is {'oin^ to be a :-,eetinc in the hall 
of the Sokol CJhicano tonorrov; hight. The discussion v;ill center around the 
Barbour ;^roposal for the ^oro'dbition of liT.uor in public halls, v/liich 
threatens to nalce serious inroads into ou social activities. The Mani- 
festo inviting; participation in the --orotest neetin-:: is signed by John A, 
::;ervenl:a, president of the Bohe-iian section, and by A, J, Oemak, secretary 
of the United Sociotie.i, 



I B 1 BGEmim 

I D 1 a 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 4, 1917 • 

I F 6 

I H DAITCES WITH LIQUOR 

(Editorial) 

Chicago refojraiers are preparing for another crusade against dance halls. 
A woman reformer made a survey of dance halls and published a report 
which contains nothing but the ancient complaint against dances where 
alcoholic liquors play a part* She claims that the young people become 
intoxicated, that indecent dances are allowed, and that dancing enter- 
tainments are detrimental, on the whole, to youth. All of this is not 
news to anybody, but it furnishes the professional prohibitionist with 
means for experiments aiming at the abolition of drinking liquor at 
entertainments. Some of the drys intend to protest to the city council 
and, because they know they might not meet with success there, they 
threaten to urge the state legislature to pass a law prohibiting any 
kin/3 of liquor in dance halls. If such proposal becomes a law it would 






I B 1 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I D 1 a 

III B 2 Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 4, 1917. ,, 

IF 6 (p.? A 

I H again mean a restriction upon decent societies who could not 

arrange entertainments without liquor and would thus be 
deprived of a little money, the larger part of which is usually diverted 
into the treasuries of charitable organizations. 

With due consideration of all circumstances, it must be admitted that 
the main complaints against dance halls are justified, but the fault 
lies in blaming all of the entertainments, with no discrimination 
between dances given by respectable societies and those airanged by 
private individuals. There are halls in Chicago vrtxere there is a 
dance almost every nipht, where the worst rabble gather and police 
tolerate them, as was shown during the recent investigation in the 
"black belt" in the Second '.Vard and others. The investigators observe 
the debauching in certain halls and then throw all of them into one and 
the same basket. It is time to finally do away with the dens and to 



o 



I B 1 
I D 1 a 
III B 2 
I F 6 
I H 



- 3 - 
Denni Hlasatel, Mar. 4, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



leave decent entertainments unmolested, v^ich are conducted 
more properly than private dances given by the Chicago 



aristocracy in big hotels, objects of the recent investigation by police. 




I B 1 30H3rJIAII 

III B 1 

I F 3 Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 21, 1914. 

IV 

III TII^ IIvTZRSS? 01 EilRSOIlAL LIBZITIY 

The City Council of Chicago has before it non two proposals v;hich constitute 
a new attack by pussyfooting taaperance mongers against tlie liberal element. ^ 
One of these proposals v;ould prohibit any cafe from doin^ business within ^ 
250 feet of a school or a church; the other v;ould forbid the sale of alcoholic ^. 
beverages in dance halls after 1 ^.. LI r- 

The voting on tbese proposals is expected to take place in a week from today, o 

December 28. The Sdruzene Spolky {United Civic Societies) of Chicago soon ^ 

became aware of the danger these ordinances hold for tiie liberal olenient of S 

this country, and particularly for social organizations which ovai various "* 

public halls 

Protest meetings against these proposals are being held all over the city; 



I B 1 - 2 - 30EjI:JI.JT 

III 3 1 

I ? 3 Denni Illasatel . Dec. £1, 1914. 

IV 

one such meeting, called by the Bohemian section of the Sdruzene Spolky, 
took place in the rilsen Park Pavilion resterda;'' afternoon. The attendance 
was good, but by no means as large as it should have been, \;hen one considers 
the grave nenace of these proposals. Mr. John ^x, Gervenka presided over the 
meeting.... attended by all the aldermen of Bohemian '.vards, xvho gave the audi- 
ence their assurance that they will do all in their pov.-er to prevent the en- 
actment Oi these ordinances 

The discussion was participated in by the chairman of the meeting, Llr. Cervenka, 
Aldermen John Tonan, Jelix Janovskj', Otto Kemer, Held, LIcKichols, Bov^ler, 
and Judge Joseph 3. 'Jhlir 

The meeting ended vath an appeal by !.!r. OerverJca that Congressmen of Bohemian 
districts be urged h-j telegram to v;ork against the adoption of Ilobson's 



13 1 - 3 - DCKaJIiU^ 

III B 1 

I F 3 Dennl IIL^satel . Dec. 21, 1914. 

IV 

proposal to introduce prohibition into the United states. This measure 

vjill be voted upon in Congress tomorrow 



-tj 



c ^ 



I B 1 BOHEaUMI 

I F 3 

Dennl lilasatel . Dec. 17, 1914. 

OUR VJEST3M SUBURBS 

As our readers know, a deteriiiined fight is being waged by our Berwyn country- 
men against the fanatics of prohibition. The Fourth and Fifth lYards are over- 
whelmingly Bohemian, and there are many Bohemians in the other three wards. 
It is, therefore, not surprising that the end of the "blue law" regime is in 
sight 



o 



tr> 



V/e regret, however, that among us there are men who are trying to persuade co 
their neighbors to abandon this important work and to support with their !:^ 
votes the temperance rulers of our tovm. There are not many of them; in fact, 
there are only a very, very few, but even these few prove that not all of us 
know enough about o\xr own interests 

Let us all unite behind this movement to liberate Berwyn from its "sabbatical" 
(sic) rulers by next spring, when important elections will be held 



I B 1 B0I-BI.Z;JI 

Denni IILasatel , oept, 17, 1913, 

/T^X^I7> :■ 7T.-' rri . J .rp—: ■•: ■.Tr\-rin~T 

(Ijditorial) 

"Je have been r;ondering vmy it is that the "diys" are trying so terribly iiard ^ 

to stop people fror. getting intoxicated, since it has been proved by experience ^ 

that it is better to overdrink than to overeat. Overeating results in life- -^ 

long suffering frori indigestion, 'vhile overdringing doesn't cost i.iore than a ^^ 

day of feeling li2-:e — after the night before, g 

o 



13 1 BOHESJIAIT 

I H 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Aug, 13, 1911. 

ALDSRI,!Hl^I .-JJTON J. CSRMAiC AGAINST DHUGGISTS 
IK th: PHCHIBITIOIT DISTHICT 

The secretary of the United Societies, .alderman jlnton J. Cerinak, announces 
that the druggists in the prohibition district on the South Side 
freely and without punishment violate city ordinances and State laws 
and that they sell intoxicating liquors, without having the necessary 
license. Mr. Cenaal: made the rounds accorapanied by his chauffeur, 
stop-ninr also in Kyde Fark. They were both successful in getting all 
the whiskey they v/anted from all the drugstores they visited. The 
city ordinance permits drugr^ists to sell \*iiskey for medicinal ptirposes 
only, but Llr, Cermak and his companion v/ere able to get whiskey every- 
where without a doctor *s prescription , • 

Prohibitionists have a standard excuse for this condition; they say 
that they are not against drinkin;^, but against saloons. 




I L 1 -(in.'iAi: 

I 7 4 

Denni 'Ilasa'.el , Apr. 1, iril, 

/7.': iijjcr. ;:c3e:,:iciJ 

larre nuubers of our countr5T,i3n v;lio live in 'jha 34:tli and btli Jards, 
v/ill vote in Tuesday's election. In addition to fillin- tliG offices of 
r.ayor, aluSKianic, and other city offices, tj;3 inportant ouesticn of 
-.vPether or not the u .dirnified i:Cthodof rsnev;in{: saloonlreepers' licenses 
in that part of the city v.tiich for:.ierly belon;:ed to Cicero shall ho con- 
tinued. 

I'Siiiy Eohe:.'.ians are settled in this pp.rt of tha city. In this .hole dis- 
trict, the 3aloonl:eeper is reiiuirod to secure ^he sir:natures of a Majority 
of the citizens residing .;ithin half a mile of his plc.ce of Lusiness lefore 
he can have his license renev/ed. 'Jhis is because in this section an ordi- 
nance is in force froir; the tiiio vjhen the district still belonped to Gicero, 
and vvas only sparsely settled, Tnis ordinance has been trie source of ra;ch 
difficulty, not only for the saloon}:eepers , but for the citizens as v/ell. 



: mi 



— ^. X ^ — Aj — - Li--... !-;^. 

T '"' ' 

Donni lllasatel . .vcr, 1, 1911. 

j^'/ice oach year, the saloonkeeper h_d to seek sinatures to his potition, 
thereby disturbinf the c;^uiet of the ^leople^S '■.ones. Tut that v;as not all. 
After tho salooiiiliesper, cajie t:ie prohiuitioi.ists, a;estioni:ir each si'-ner 
as to v.'hether he really sirned the salooif<eej)er' s petition, and police 
also carn.o to officially ascertain zhs ler-ality of the si -natures. 

In order to do av.'ay vith this unnecessary annoyance to the citizens, and 
in orde:- that this district irdpht te foverned hy the ordinances and reru- 
laticns in force throuchout the r.jsl of Chica.c:o, an election v;ill he held 
in that section next 'l^iesday. .T-Ccordiny to the ordinance, ur.on ',:hich the 
anrexation of zhe a":ove luentioned district v/as carried out, tho ..luestion, 
"Shall an ordir.ance be accepted v/hei-eby pov/er to issue licenses in that 
district -/ill be ranted," nust be suuaittei to the voters for decision. 
Cur countr:':.:en, r.s is u:'derstood, v;ill vote for the issuance of licenses, 
and v;ill :-arh a cross after the '.;ords: "For Drai-.i Shops." In that v/ay, 
they v.dll sipnify that the; are for the principles of personal liberty. 



^ 



I I: 1 - 3 - ECirg'Ix;!^ 

I ? 4 

Denni Hlusatel . A-r. 1, 1911. 

They will p.a:ce sure tliat th3:'r neighborhood is "overned Ly the sane lav/s 
as are in force in the rest of _3hicaso. Thej'- v/ill mai'e provisions so 
that neither they nor the saloonlieepers v/ill he unnecessarily annoyed 
before each license period e::pires, 

3very citizen livin.;- in the indicated district should clip the speci;ien 
ballot found on pape nine of this paper, and rark the ballot he receives 
next Tuesday accordinrly. This special ballot v;il.\ be issued in the 27th, 
28th, 29th and 30th precincts of 5th .Jard, laid in all precincts of the 
34th 'Jard lyinp \vest of 40th Avenue, and in all parts of 15th, 29th, 30th, 
35th and 35th precincts of the 35t]i Jard -.rhich lie east of 4r-th Avenue. 






BOHHlMIiiN 



Dennl Hlasatel , Peb. 28, I9IO. 
M^iSS ISSTING OP IHE UKITID SOGISTIES 



II i)2 d (1) 
IJ. ^ 2 s 

III Aj e 
Ix ^ 3 
II A 2 

II D 5 
I B 2 
I f 3 1 

III A . 

III G ' % 
I C ^ 
I J ^ 

IV ^ 

^.i^^Jffi^eople are not ignorant of the fact that the prohibition Party g 
does not attack the Chicago saloon only. They have long ago learned that '^", 
the fanatical Prohibitionists' intentions are directed against personal ^^ 
liberty in general. There is hardly a single Bohemian in Chicago who does v^ 
not know the Prohibitionists* trump card, and consequently all know that 
the Drys play a crooked game. All know that they want first to annihilate 
the saloon, and that after they succeed in that, they will turn to other 
issues and finally dictate to us not only what to drink but also what to 
do at all times. This of course we shall not and must not allow to happen, 
and it is therefore the duty of all liberal- thinking citizens to enlist in 
one mighty army to repel the attack against the first strong fortress of 
liberty, the saloon business. Bohemians will not be told by any one in the 



- 2 - BOHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 28, I9IO, 

world v;hat to drink, what to eat, and how to live. There is one person, 
it is true, to whom vie will listen, — the physician whom we consult when we 
are ill. 



Mr. John A. Cervenka, first vice-president of the United Societies, opened 
the meeting at 2 p. m. He was then elected chairman and explained to the 
assembly the purpose of the meeting. He than gave the floor to !.?r. Michel s, 
who immediately sailed into the prohibition movement v/ith these words; 

"These people begrudge us the pleasure of having a glass of beer in an inn 



7> 



In the meeting held last night in the pilsen Sokol Hall under the auspices 
of the United Societies the prohibition movement was thoroughly discussed, 
so that not even one who may have lent a willing ear to the blandishments 
of the Pharisaical Prohibitionists' could hesitate any longer to rise again- 
st that riff-raff and fight them on every front. The hall overflowed with 
enthusiastic liberals who filled it with peals of applause during everyone 
of the speeches, which bristled with pointed remarks. » 









- 3 - BOHSMIAH 

Dennl Hi as at el , Feb. 28, I9IO. 

with an agreeable conversation; they want us to drink in alleys and shantiest 
as people drink in those sections where Prohibition has succeeded." 

Mr. Michels was followed by Mr. Michaelis, editor of the Illinois rtaats - 
Zeitung , who expressed his Joy at the tremendous response to the invitation 
to this mass-meeting and then continued: 

"We are all immigrants or the children of immigrants, and it is immaterial 
how long we have been in America, Immigrants deserve great credit for the 
development of this country, and that is why we are proud to be known as 
immigrants. The Prohibitionists on the contrary are continually attempting S 
to prove that as native Americans they are superior to the immigrant. V/ell, tr 
I am glad to admit that they are Americans and the offsprings of Indianst 
and Indians, as is well known, must not be allowed to take a single swig 
of alcohol because this will result in an eruption of beastial ferocity 
dangerous to their environment. But it is impossible to get along vdth 
that paltry trash who have no red blood and no honor in them." 

Alderman Anton Cermak, the next speaker, exposed by incontrovertible evi- 



X 



CO 



- 4 - BOHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 28, I9IO. 

dence and precise conclusions the hollovmess and falseness of the arguments 
of Prohibitionists; 



-o 



"It is not a question of whether v;e shall have saloons in Chicago hut the 3> 

question of personal liberty for every one of us. Prohibition cannot pro- ^ 

hibit the use of liquor, but it can put upon us such burdens that we shall r 

be sorry that v/e have allowed affairs to go so far, \Ye still have the power ^ 

to destroy the Prohibition movement, but unless v/e do so now, it will rise o 

to attack us over the entire state. The struggle will then have fatal pos- Lo 

sibilities and may easily end in disaster, I wish to submit some figures ;^ 

which show that prohibition cannot forbid liquor but will put a burden upon *'' 
the liberal-minded taxpayer." 

And then Mr. Cermak produced some very interesting statistical data. Ho 
compared towns where there is no prohibition with such as are under the 
heel of the drysj invariably in the former towns there were fewer instances 
of punishment for drunkenness than in the latter. The reason for this, Mr. 
Cermak said, is that in the free towns beer is used to quench the thirst. 



- 5 - BOHEMIM 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 28, I9IO, 

whereas in tovms v.-hich have prohibition liq.uor is consumed only to aggravate 
thirst. Internal revenue from the sale of liq.uor has increased fifty per 

cent in States which have adopted prohibition. In Chicago the sixth, seventh, ;_^ 

and twenty-fifth wards, dubbed » silk-stocking v/ards, " the very hotbeds of 5 

Prohibition, yield $375t590 in city taxes for general consumption. The fiftht -^ 

eighth, ninth, twelfth, and twenty-ninth, populated by the liberal element, r- 

pay $l,369i500. On the other hand, the general expenditure of the city for -r, 

the upkeep of the prohibition wards is t^k3*3k5'7Q* while the liberal wards p 

receive $868,738.86; this shows that the taxpayers of the liberal w^ards have :" 

to pay for the prohibition wards populated by the wealthy. h3 



After these telling comparisons a certain Gilchrist Lawson, a Protestant 
preacher and a protagonist of prohibition, appeared and asked for the floor. 
He demanded of ?.!r. Cermak whether it is not true that the inhabitants of the 
prohibition wards, for the very reason that they are v/ealthier, are those 
who maintain the charitable institutions for the benefit of the poor. The 
arrogance of this half-crazy fanatic caused much indignation in the gather- 
ing, but Mr. Cermak promptly demonstrated by figures which he had ready that 
it is the poor who pay for the police in the rich wards, for the old people's 
homes, and for the hospitals as v/ell. Mr. Cermak' s explanation had the de- 



(i 



- 6 - BOHZIalAR 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 28, I9IO. 

sired effect, and the preacher retired with dejected mien. 

In a "brief speech Mr, Cyril Jandus pointed out the economic consequences 
of Prohibition. 

"Seven thousand stores would have to close, and twenty thousand men vrould 
have to look for other occupations; besides that, seven million dollars in 
taxes would have to be raised from other sources, " he warned. 

Congressman Sabath then took the floor and said: "This multitude of intel- 
ligent men and v;omen and their attitude convince me that our liberty will 
be preserved, and that no one will succeed in wresting it from us." 

Mr. Sabath then charged the prohibitionists with taking money from the poor 
without contributing any for their needs. He did not spare the heads of 
the railroad and street-car companies, who almost without exception are 
Prohibitionists. 

"How well they care for their property and foster its growthl" the congress- 



"X! 



-T3 

c..> 






Ifc. 



- 7 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 28, I9IO, 

man exclaimed. "And what do they do for their working-men? v;hen a car is 
damaged, they promptly have it repaired for further use. But when a man 
■becomes incapacitated v/hile v/orking for then, ho is abandoned, and another \': 
takes his place," 

The speaker characterized such behavior as downright criminal and unworthy 
of citizens of the United States. Ke referred to the struggle against Pro- 
hibition in the city of Baltimore, where as a speaker he had put the ques- 
tion squarely before the leaders of the prohibition party: 

"V/hat are you going to give the people in return for the saloon? Do you 
think that working-men can gather in clubs like yours and drink champagne? 
No, gentlemen, the working-man to-day needs the saloon for the discussion 
of public affairs and as a place for social gatherings." 

Several other speakers appeared on the platform and spoke in various lan- 
guages. The meeting was an unqualified success. However, we recommend that 
some one be engaged for the next meeting to speak in Bohemian for the bene- 
fit of those who do not understand Hlnglish very well. 



T - 1 bcil:iI.... 

Ill E 1 

II D 1 Donni "lasulel . ?eb. J, I9IO. 

I B 2 

I p 1 u:;iTa> cccijti:::- ??UR:^:D ?c i^CT 

I p 2 
I c 



5 



?.l — .'•. stranKo procession moved through the uO'.;n-tcv;n yesterday, --men, v/om- ^. 
en, .:-nd chilursn sinrin^ h:;..ii:St shoutinr- i;. pruise of the Lord, and jlunning, ^^ 
wrir;rlin£, one v/rithinc with Joy. '"hen the anci-^nt Israelites beEiered the ro 
towTx of Jericho, they could not have r-ude p.cre noite taan the prohibiticn- 



co 



ist£ when they cc>rried their -Detitionc to the officos of the ^.oard of '^I'-^c- .0 
tion .•:o:r."issioner£. 



Cjr» 



The leaders of the drys entered ^nd prei:ent:.d 74»S05 nai.-.es on their peti- 
tions, 14»0CC nore than the lav; requires, in order to insure for themEelves 
a x:lace on the ballot, Chica£-o has never ..itne::.ec; a tir.ilar aanifestation 
of 3'ich ua^nitudc. It £,avc one the inipression, th-...t ..e ure. living- in the 
'!iddle -■-.^.es, when swar-.s of fanatics peregrinated fro:r. tovm to tovrn and 
gave vent to their rcli^^icus enoticnt in the nost absurd fathion. 

Representatives of the United "ocieties, v.lll .ull on the 0'o:ii;:iicsioncrE to- 
day with local option ac their nain object and also to demund an examination 



I L 1 - 2 - i^Chii..!.::; 

Ill 3 1 

II D 1 Zi^ixd "lu^utcl . ?oh. J, 191c. 
13 2 

I ? 1 
T ^ 2 



of the rlrys* petitions to ascertuin hov; many ri&^.'ieG on ther;> ure fictitious 
or beloric. to non-vctoi's, and hov; many r92ietitions were fraudulently used. 



3> 



>L>S- 



Thesy petitiouE, as is v;ell knov.Ti, are for the purpose of £cttin: on ""jhe .^ 
"b£;liot tne :.ionier.tous question of v/hether the stilocn shall be allov;ec to '^'^ 
exist in ?hicuj_o. The Vr.iteL! "ocisties, in which the majority of our Bo- 
heniian societies und clubs are included, done very littlo \j to the pres- 
ent to meet the issue- effectively. It is to bo hoped that frc:n nov/ on they 
v/ill apply tac.Ttcolvss vif_orously to cor^butln; the drvr, so that the rejoic- 
ing; of these latter nay le chai;£-ed into ^nushinp of teeth on election day. 



I B 1 BOHEMIAN 

Svornost, January 24, 1896. 

-o 

NEW BOHEMIAN CLUB ^ 

I — 
I — 

The other day in Chicago the first Bohemian Temperance Club was inaugurated • ^^ 

Taking in consideration the names of the first elected officials, we have ^ 

a right to "be confident that all rules of prohibition will be observed to v^ 

th* letter. ^ 

to 

The officers are President- Mr. Vaclav Kaspar; cashier- Mr. Anton Matuska; 



pianist- Mr. Vincent Texemsky, 



I B 1 BOHE?>-IM 



Svornost . Jan. 10, 1S91 

THOROUGH TEkPERAUGS EDl.'CATIOK - PlI-J'OSES Ai:i) L^TEODS OF 30i:a::iAiJ 

* TSMPERAl^'CS UlvION - ^ 

In our nation?! orchard there blossons a p^irely American flower — how it 't- 
will thrive the futiire will tell. Its first pin-pose is to educate the ^ 
youth of both sexes. Thus spoke to us the chief orgrnizer, Mrs. Leman of ^ 
Cleveland, Ohio. 'The second end main purpose is moderation. However, ■ o 
that is a far reaching conception — we would rather call it according to ^ 
current usage of word Temperance L^oderation is a very ^^ood thing and we S 
have succeeded after a short conversation with the la.dy, to have her •«*♦ 
f Tank] 7 admit that she realty ler^ns towaJ"As strict teraperajice oecai.ise 
drinking of alcohol is h-.-^rmfiil to mankind. 



I 3 1 BOEilMAxr 

Srornost. Jan, 9, 1891» 

2^0EBMIAN WOMENS» CHRISTIAN OJIMFERANCE UNI(W ORGANIZAIlT' 



As stated in yesterdc'^/'s Synrnost the trr-ric^'"- of the Bohenirn ■•'oTnen's lenper- 
p.nce Union was or.j;anized. Tl;is news will reach our readers in a happy mood. 

In its firpt me^r^tinig we h.?d c hot d^he.te hetween the partisans ex>A Inde-oen- 
dents, "both parties fighting for the Bohemirn 'brgnch of *^hica,;o. l-rs, Jose- 
fina Lena.n of Cleveland, Ohio is non-prrtissn <?nd the Chicr^go "branch was or- 
ganized t-ie s.?me. A?, soon as the oartisajis learned of the nesting place 
t?iey rushed for it rnd had lone talks. 

iVrs. vj-rubh of Xrnsgs and hrs. Kuchins of <^hicac;o explainin-^ the bright 
futiire of the organization on the Independent side and Mrs. l-inerva K. 
2liott on the partiSc-^n side. 

Then it was agreed to vote, which ended in great msJorit/ to stay Indepen- 
dent . 




13 1 ; ^0HF]!:iA2I 

Svornogt . Jpn. '■', ISll 

3> 

The Bohftr.upn ""'onen's Christian Te v)or.^nne Union" '."p.p or^-jpnit^ed in trse .^ 
::et''Odi§t r^hurch ^t'i'rlsted Pind 30th Streets. Officers elected were f- 

j'.isr Ocesek, president pnd !'iss "prin Vilik, secretarj. "^, 

sc 

cr 

It 'vas or,>-!ni"ed by secrst^rie? of Olevelrnd, Ohio, V.r?. Jopef.-^ Lo-n^n, 1~ 

:.'.rs. Jrubb of >nsaR. ^ 

Mrs, }'utchins, PreFi-'.ent of o:r city w-^st side hrmch and :>?. "'inerva 
K. Eliott, President of ti e IlMnoi? Trj^ajiij^ation v?ere ? leakers. 



I. ATTITUDES 
B. Mores 

2. Blue Laws 



•* 




I B 2 BOHSMIAIT 

I F 1 

I ? 3 Denni Hlasatel , Nov, 5, 1922, 

I F 4 

THE IMPORTANCE OF THS SMALL avXLOT 

^bstractT^ 

All Gzechoalovak voters are hereby advised to vote for a change of the Volstead 
Act, The Chicago voters and all other voters in our county will have an 
opportunity to vote for either of the two propositions placed before them on 

the so-called small ballots One of these small ballots will contain a 

proposition asking that the present prohibition act be changed in the sense 
that the manufacture and sale of five per cent beers and light TrtLnes be 
permitted. It is a referenduiii vote which gives the voters an opportunity to 
express their opinions as to prohibitory laws, and in reality this is the first 
time that such an opportimity has been given them. 

The Eighteenth Amendment to the National /federall Constitutioi '.Tas approved 
by state legislatures and the Volstead Act was approved by the Congress, but 
in neither case were the American people asked what they thought about such 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHPaTIAN 

I F 1 

I F 3 Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 5, 1922, 

I F 4 

limitations of their ri£:hts. Both the Eighteenth Amendment and the 
Volstead kctj were adopted against the wishes of the majority of American 
citizens, and these citizens see the necessity of using such devices by means 
of which the forfeited rights taken by Congress may be returned to the people. 

Next Tuesday the Illinois voters will have the first opportunity of proving 
by their votes that they are dissatisfied with the existing prohibition laws, 
and that they desire that these be reduced in their region. More than half 
a million of voters in our state have signed a petition for a referendum vote 
on this question, and this in itself is a proof that the people are dissatisfied 
with the constant limitations of their rights. But half a million voters are 
only a part of the number of Illinois voters who will cast their ballots next 
Tuesday, and of the Czechoslovabs who are thus to vote there should not be one 
vdio would not vote against the present prohibition law. We are convinced that 
there is not a single Czechoslovak citizen who would not wish to change the 
existing prohibition law, and it is therefore necessary that every one of us 



I 



I B 8 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 1 

I F 3 Derail Hlasatel . Nov. 5, 1922* 

I F 4 

place a cross after the word "yes" as provided for on the small ballot. 

We call the attention of our people to this small ballot knovjing that it 
frequently happens that such small ballots are easily overlooked iftien a 
person deals with such large ballots as he will on next Tuesday. We repeat 
that It is necessary to place a cross behind the word "yes," thus giving an 
affirmation to the proposition permitting the manufacture and sale of light 
wines and beers* 



-c 



The second small ballot will deal with the permission to float a bond issue x 
for fifty-five million dollars to pay a bonus to the soldiers and sailors ^ 
of Illinois who served during the World War. Ihe last legislative session t:.. 
approved the bonus but referred the giving of the permission to float the ^ 
bond issue to the people. We believe that our soldiers and sailors should 
receive that bonus. When thej'' marched to battle there was not one of us who 
would have denied such aid to them, and there is no reason why such aid should 



I B 2 - 4 - BCKSMIAN 

; I F 1 
I I F 3 Demi Hlasatel> Nov, 5, 1922. 

I F 4 

be denied thsra hoxt. We are certain that a great majority of our 

Czechoslovak voters will vote for the bonus. ♦,.» 






CJ* 



I B 2 BOI-ISLIIAN 

I F 1 

I F 3 Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 17, 1922. 

IV 

IV (Jev^ish) Tias IS CUR FIGHTI 

(Front-Page Editorial) 

The Czechoslovaks of the old homeland fight for the social reforns of their ^ 
country. They try hard to bring order into chaos, to contribute to the ^ 
happiness of the v/hole /nQtlonsJlJ community. '.-Je, as citizens of this new ^ 
homeland, should follov; the example of our brothers beyond the seas, and '-^ 
unite in an effort to conbat the forces of fanaticism, forces v;hich in this ^ 
land of liberty are more and n:ore coining control in an endeavor to influence ^- 
the rest of the population and to dictate to it v/hat it nay or may not do. 
The aim of these fanatics is to shackle the masses, thus making it im- 
possible for them to act independently and to think freely. But as long as 
v;e are here their plans shall miscarry. The Czechoslovak men and women 
voters know their responsibilities to the whole society and to the nation 
whose citizens they have become, and they are aware of the responsibilities 






tr 



I B 2 - 2 - BCHSHIAH 

I F 1 

I F 3 Denni igasatel . Oct. 17, 1922. 

IV 

IT {Je:7ish) to ther^elves. And the responsibilities which they have 

assimed they aim to discharge till the very end, ^ 

The first of these responsibilities is that of registering, and every one =: 

of us v;ho has his citizenship papers and who has lived at least one year '^ 

in this state, three months in the county, and thirty days in his precinct :o 

inclusive of election day, ought to go to register at once in order to be 3 

able to join our fighting ranks and to be entitled to use his vreapon~the "cu 

ballot, § 

Today is the last registration day. VJhoever neglects this day to have his 
nane entered on the register of voters, is lost to the cause so dear to 
us all, so iiriportant to all of us. .jid should the outcome of our struggle 
be \mf avorable , the guilt v/ould chiefly fall upon the shoulders of those 
who, in a decisive moment, by their indifference and procrastination, 



\ 



I B 3 - 3 - 50ESt!IAN 

I F 1 

IPS Dennl Elasatel , Oct. 17, 1922. 

IV 

IV (Jewish) abandoned their brothers before the battle started. 

In the forthcoming November election we are chiefly interested in certain % 

principles v/hich v;e v/ish to see victorious and v/hich we shall therefore ^ 

support; v;e are also interested in certain individuals whom v/e know to be p 

honest and who will work v/ith all their energies for the v/ell-being of ^ 

all the citizens, and because of whose work we, the Czechoslovaks of Cook 3 

County, shall gain the respect of the rest of the citizens. The gain will r- 

be everybody » s 

V7e Czechoslovaks have always fought that justice should be done where 
justice needed to be done, and as for liberty, we have never hesitated to 
sacrifice our substance and our lives that it might be. These same ideals 
have Rorjj also become our objectives as citizens of Chicago and Cook County. 
It is these ideals that will be our raonitors as we go to the registration 



OJ 
CD 

— J 



13 3 - 4 - BOHELIIAN 

I F 1 

I F 3 Dennl I-aasatol . Oct. 17, 1922. 

IV 
1 IV (Jewish) of voters today, and as v/e qo to the ballot boxes three 

weeks hence. 

"O 

The fanatical "dr^^s" recognize in Anton J. Ceimak their bitterest enemy; ^ 

they recognize hira to be the leader of liberals, the champion of all those F 

who long for liberty. It was these fanatics v/ho issued a call to all their C 

partisans not to fail to register their votes so that Mr. Cerniak might be 2g 

defeated in his candidacy for the most important office — that of the 2 

president of the coxmty board of comr:.issioners. 3uch a call must not be w 
allowed to go unchallenged by us who stand back of i>Ir. Cenaak and all that 
he represents. 

Let us see to it that every one of our countrymen who failed to register 
ten days ago, registers today, .'vnd those of us who will go to our 
precincts to perform this duty, should avraken the sleepy ones and the 



^N5 



13 2 - 5 - BOIISLIIAII 

I F 1 

I F 3 Denni Ilia sat el . Oct. 17, 1922. 

IV 

rV (Jewish) lackadaisical and the deaf. Let us lead the politically 

blind v/ho happen to live in our neighborhoods. 

There v/ill be other countrymen of ours besides Lr. Cerriak, v/hose candidacies 
and election should be equally important to us. It is most important to 
us that our state representatives personify all that which has become our 
credo and the basis of our ^olitical^ convictions. V/e must have men in 
the legislative branches of our covernraent who are of us, who understand us, r^ 
vrho knov; ■^That v;e v;ant, and who can defend our interests v;ithin their spheres ^ 
of activity. All that for v/hich I'x, Cennak and the rest of us who are behind ^ 
him, stand, may be gained only by legislative means. It is therefore abso- 
lutely necessary that by today's registration and by the November election 
v;e help to secure the victory for Congressman Adolf J. Sabath, whose long 
record in the Congress of the United States is v/ithout blemish. From the 
nineteenth senatorial district v;e desire to elect Mr. Albert B, Holecek, 
who by his entire upbrii:iging, his thorough education, and his spotless 



3* 



5C3 



I B 2 - 6 - BOIIELIIAN 



I F 1 

I F 3 Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 17, 1922. 

IV 

IV (Jev;isli) character, gives us a guarantee tbat always and in all places 
he v/ill defend us, the poor folk, the foreign-language groups 
and the Czechoslovak people to ivhom he has always been sincerely devoted. 
Let us meet today, therefore, at the registration desks, and three weeks 
hence at the polls! 

The registration offices will be open today — Tuesday — until 9 P. lil. to 
give an opportiinity to evei^body v/ho has not yet had such an opportunity. 
At the last registration ^en days ago/ aore than 400,000 voters were 
registered, v;hich is about one half of the people of the county who have 
the right to vote. The reason for this discrepancy is most probably the 
inclement weather, and also perhaps the fact that Saturday is not a particu- 
larly good day for the v;omenfolk. Besides that, thousands of voters imagined 
that there was tine to do it later, and delayed registering till the next 

day. It is therefore probable that they will do their duty today 

/Translator's note: Porty more lines (about one-fifth of a colxmn) continue 



-o 



O 






I B 2 - 7 - BCHELJAJ^ 

I F 1 

I F 3 Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 17, 1922. 

I\T 

TT (Jev/ish) in this vein, but since they are constant repetitions of 

the importance of registering, I have omitted translating 
thenu7 






o 

o 



13 2 30IIEI.JLmT 

IV 

Denni Elasatel . Oct. 6, 1922. 

CZECHD3L0YAKS PROTEST iiG^iINST PROHIBITION 

(Announcement) 

A Czechoslovak mass meeting against prohibition v;ill be held on Friday, October 6, 
1932, both afternoon and evening, in the Pilsen Park pavilion and in Pilsen ^ 
Park, V/est 26th Street and Albany Avenue. The meeting will begin at 2 P. 1.1. ^ 
The admission is only fifty cents per person, emd tickets are beinc sold by all if. 
saloonkeepers. 1^. .-^nton J. Cermak, the chainpion of human rii::hts, and other — 
speakers v/ill address the meeting. There v;ill be four different orchestras -^ 

playing in the Park Cf the many attractions vre mention only the ^- 

follov;ing: iJi Indian reservation in v;hich dishes cooked in the Indian style v/ill S 

be served by the most chariaing Indian i.iaidens. The meal and drink tickets will 

be sold by ladies representing Liberty. iCach ticket thus sold will count as 

five votes in the interest of liberty regained. /There will be/ the Liberty 

Bell, the Spirit of 1776, /and/ many other attractions. The entertainment will 

be exemplary in every respect. 



in 



I B 2 - 2 - BOEEIO:/,!! 

IV 

Denni Tllasatel . Oct. 6, 1922. 

This HESS neetin^^ to be preceded by an autoraobile parade on October 4, 1922, 
at 7 P. l:., startiac fron the Tovm of Lake, Pilsen, Boheinian California, and 
Lav/ndale districts/, and from Cicero, Illinois. ^Tocations of the various 
starting points for the several sections of the parade are omitted in 
translation^ 



3=- 



0\vners of cars and supporters of the principle of personal rights of man are 

/hSTeh^ asked by the committee on arrangements to participate in Viednesday*s r- 

parades, and without regard to party politics and religious creeds to come to X, 

the great popular meeting to protest against prohibition. § 

This is most important. Do not forget — Friday, October 6, 1922 J ^ 



I B 2 BOH£I.j;jT 

I F 5 

IV Denni Illasatel . Oct. 4, 1922. 

HI BiKriLF OF PE2S0IIrtL FlfiilSDOIJ 

All of our large Bohemian neiehborhoods will arrange a splendid automo- ^ 
bile parade this eveninc. ihe parade, as previously decided, will be ^ 
in conjxmction vath a huge Czechoslovak laass meeting in the interest of ,-^ 
personal rights. Parades vail start at 7 P.k'. simultaneously in the fol- !^ 
lowing Bohemian districts: Pilsen, Bohemian Oalifomia, j^axvndale, Town ^ 
of Lake, and Cicero. The parades v;ill be limited to these districts, pass- g 
ing through their main streets. ^^ previously announced in ;/esterday*s ^ 
issue, the various minor parades v;ill converge into a huge one in Pilsen ^ 
Park where the mass meeting is to be held. The parades vvil] form as fol- ^ 
lows: For the Pilsen district, in front of the Geskoslovenska i^^iiericka 
Jin (Czechoslovak-.'iiaerican Hall); for the Bohemian California district, at 
the comer of iLLbany Avenue and ./est 26th Street; for the Lawnda.le dis- 
trict, at the intersection of Crawford Avenue and 31st Street; for Cicero, 
Illinois, at the intersection of /est 26th Street and 56th Avenue; for 
Town of Lake, in front of Ij:, Mauser's restaurant, on 48th Street. 



-a 

3>- 



I B 2 - 2 - B0Ii5:.JM 

I F 5 

rv Denni laasatel , Oct. 4, 1922. 

It is easy to iruaeine tiiat a great mass of our coiintryjien vvill attend 
these parades. This is highly desirable, for the avowed purpose of the 
parade is to shov: to the world that our people are really interested in 
regaining personal liberty, v;hich the ^inerican people lost by the im- 
position of the prohibition act. The der.onstration will also serve as '^ 
a stiraulus for a nore concerted action of all the liberal voters who will r; 
thus have an opportunity to prove tha"o a large riajority of the people of -o 
the state of Illinois desires a change. If this majority is to achieve o 
its ends, if it is to have full meaning, it must be active. The owners "oo 
of cars in all our 3ohe:aian neighborhoods fully comprehend the meaning of § 
this demonstration and we may therefore expect them to turn out in full '-^ 
number tonight. 

Tliere is to be another Czechoslovak mass meeting on Friday afternoon and 
evening in Pilsen Park, V/est 26th Jtreet and South Albany Avenue. It will 
begin at 2 P. I.:,, and those country.ien of ours ".vho attend it will have an 
opportunity to hear the speeches of some of the most outstanding cliampions 



I B 2 - 3 - 30I3EIJJ^I 

I ? 5 ^ 

17 Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 4, 1922. 52 

of huiaan ri^];ixts of the American people. Amonc the speakers will also be r" 

Ur. Anton J. Cerroak, candidate for the office of president of the Cook -d 

County Board of Cormissio.inro. j^'or nany years Ijc, Gemak has be^n head- 5r^ 

ing tiie strucgles for the preservation of personal ri^its. Besides the .1^ 

speakers there xvill be other attractions, such as four orchestras. Alto- t^ 

gether, the day proaises to oe filled with entertainment. '<^ 



IBS BOHEMIAIT 

III B 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 27, 1922. 

III C 

HOW SIOJATURRS VrSRE STODRHD ^ 

Astonishing Results of a Petition to Amend the Volstead Act ^ 

To prove that an overwhelraing majority of Chicago citizens is backing the C 

petition... .a monster mass meeting will be held next Wednesday night at the ^ 

Coliseum. This demonstration meeting will also celebrate the completion of a 2 
petition signed by about 500,000 citizens, 300,000 of whom are Chicagoans, the <o 

rest suburbanites or residents of Cook County Ibe meeting will begin at 

8 P.M. Half an hour before that time a large parade will start marching from 
in front of the Pilsen Sokol, All of our Czechoslovak organizations will take 
part in this protest meeting and parade, Ote officers of our organizations 
promised the maximum attendance of members* These organizations include The 
Sokolska Zupa Stredni (Central District of the Anisrican Sokol union) , the Grand 
Lodge of the Cesko-Slovanske Podporujici Spolky (Czecho-Slavonic Benevolent 
societies), Ceskoslovensti Leglonari (Czechoslovak Legionnaires) , Cesko>Americka 
Jednota (Bohemian- American Union), Jednota Taboritu (Taborites), Cesko-slovanska 






I B 


2 


III 
II ] 
III 


B 2 

D 1 
C 



- 2 - BOHMIM 

Dennl Hlasatel, Aug. 27, 1922. jj 



Jednota (Czeclio-Slavonic Union) , Cesko-Americtl Lesnlci a Lesnice (Bohemian- 5 

American Foresters), Sesterska Podporujici Jednota (Bohemian Sisterhood), ci. 

Jednota Ceskych Dam (Bohemian Ladies* Union) , Ustrednl Jednota Cesko-Ane- r^ 

rlckych Dam (First Central Union of Bohemian- Aneric an Ladies), Distriktni Svaz 3 
Ceskych Katoliku (District Alliance of Bohemian Catholics), Sdruzeni Katolickych 3 

Lesniku (Bohemian Catholic Order of Foresters) , Statni Odvetvi Katolickeho ^ 

Delnika (State Branch of Bohemian Catholic Workingmen) , Sdruzeni Jednoty ^ 

Katolickych Zen (Federated Unions of Bohemian Catholic Women) , Sdruzeni Kato- ^ 
lickych Lesnic (Ladies* Catholic Order of Foresters) , Sdruzeni Katolickeho 
Sokola (Union of Catholic Sokols) , and Chicagska Rada Ustredni Podporujici 
Jednoty (Chicago Council of the Central Benevolent Union.) 



I B 3 30E£I.nCAi: 

I F 3 

IV Denni pgasatel , Lar. 20, 1922. 

Ill BEHALF OF PER30JL\L FRSEDOtl 
A Protest Meeting of the Local Sdruzeni Svazu Svobodomi'-slnych 

The same hall, v;hich a Tortnight ago v;itnesscd an unusually interesting 

debate between Alderman Anton J. Cermalc and the apostle of the dries, '-'i 

Alderman John i:. Lyle, harbored another mass protest meeting of our people. ^^" 

The protest v/as directed against liquor prohibition and all blue laws 'J 
generally, ilais time the meeting was called by the local Sdruzeni Svaau 

Svobomyslnych (Federation of Bohemian Freethinkers) which invited some S 

notables to address the meeting. The meeting ;vas a success as was expected -- 

by the co.'anittee on arrangements. In spite of inclement weather, the s 

pavilion of tiie Tilsen Brev;erj'' Company was filled to capacity. ^ 

During the afternoon speeches were given in the Czech and the Snglish 
languages. The subject of the liquor prohibition and its evil effects was 
well handled by Lessrs. Vaclav Petrzelka, Jan Jelinek, Joseph Proebstle, 



I B 2 - 2 - 30E3I.:iAi: 

I ? 3 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Lar, 20, 1922. 

the last-named being a secretary of the International Association of 
Brev;ery "ror]iers of Cincinnati, Ohio. Other speakers were IuT. Laclaskey, 
secretary of the American Secular Union, County Treasurer F. J. Carr, 
Senator Joseph J. Boehm, and othsrs. All of them have tried to shavj that rj 
the liberal element vras not particularly concerned about a barrel of beer •'"* 
or a bottle of v;hisl:ey, but it concentrates its efforts to defend personal ^ 
freedom to choose, and the freedom cf conviction ^hich is the7 richt of -^ 
every nan. M 



Particularly remarkable vrere the arguments advanced by Alderman Anton J. 
Germak. .,.i:r. Cermak has for a number of years been the president of the 
United Societies for Local Self Govcrmaent; he opposed the ei'forts of 
prohibition pussyfooters both in the state legislature and in the City 
Council, and being a man v;ell versed in public affairs, he is surely 
most competent to judge the question of prohibition. In yesterday* s 
speech he threw more light on the subject in a manner v/hich ought to be 






13 2 - 3 - 50HELX\N 

I F 3 

IV Denni Illasatel . Liar. 20, 1922. 

of particular concern to taxpayers. Ke revealed that d\iring the tv/o-and- 
one-half years since prohibition was introduced the city of Chicago v/as 
deprived of y20,000,000 in revenues. Today li- nor is sold as before, v:ith ^ 
the only difference that neither the federal government nor the municipal 75 
administration derive any profit therefrom, and that there are only a few <^ 
individuals v.-ho have gained by the systeu. lie v/as sorry to say that the •" 
"blame for this is mainly attributable to the indifference of the public. -ci 
IThen, in the days past, people v/ere v/arned to be on their guard against o 
the prohibition^ system, no one v;ished to listen to these warning voices, 
and everyone dismissed the subject \;ith a "it v;ill never happen". 






But v/hat seemed to be an impossibility became a fact, and today the coiintry 
groans under the yoke of react ionarj'' lav/s....In Washington they point to the 
State of Illinois which enjoys the reputation of being the most liberal 
state, as being also the driest state of the Union. This vras brovight about 
by the faithless actions of those congressmen who were elected by liberal 



13 2 - 4 - 30HSR!IAH 

I F 3 

rv Denni Hlasatel . uar. 20, 1922. 

folk vjham. they betrayed. Thereupon Alderman Cemak outlined a method 
v;hich ;.ould serve to correct the creat eiror. At this tine there are 
petitions circulatinf: among our population in v/hich it is asked that Congress 
and the state legislature amend the law in such a v;ay as v;ould perr,iit at least -^ 
the manufacture and sale of beer and light ./ines. In order that this question ^ 
may be handled by ballot and thus become the expressed opinion of the general -^^ 
public, six hundred thousand sigjiatures are necessary. Jveryone v/ho desires, r^ 
therefore, that the law be amended should sign this petition. At the same ^ 
time it is important that every signer of this petition register for the 
polls, for the prohibition zealots v/ill surely see to it that the petitioners* 
names be checked over, and the unregistered ones be stricken off. 

There v/ill, of course, be another registration of voters before the L'ovember 
elections, out that one v;ill be of little use as regards the present problem, 
since the petition must be filed before that time. The law requii^s that a 
petition be filed at least sixty days before elections, and the fall 



?>;' 



I B 2 - 5 - BOIgI.:L\II 

I F 5 

IV Demii lilasatel , Lar. 20, 1922. 

registration v/ill take place later, ".."hoever v.-ishes to sicn this petition, 
nay do so in the real-estate office of Oermalc and SerLant, 26th Street and 
Eoman Avenue. 

The neaning and significance of the petition, and -.vhat it is to accomplish 

was discussed in a comprehensible manner by i..r. Jan A. Cervenka, Pie stressed 

the fact that the petition alone :loes not mean that one has cast a ballot, it 

is merely an expression of opinion, of the combined opinion of many people -^ 

who have signified their unv;illingness to have such strini7,ent lav/s and 

viish an amendment. 



The meeting '.vas characterized by much enthusiasm, and the many signatures 
which v/ere appended to the -oetition blanks bear proof that our people are 
determined to remove the ^^^ohibition evil/. Pauses betiveen individual 
speeches v/ere filled by excellent music furnished by our tambour orchestra, 
v/hich played several fine compositions and reaped its revrard of applause. 






I B 2 BOHaivlLiN 

IV 

Dennl Hlas^tel , Kar. 6, 1922. 

BOTH t^lUS,S OF THE PHOHIBITIOIJ PH0BL3LI 
rtXi Interesting Debate between Aldermen 
Anton J. Cerradk and Jolm A. Lyle 



3»- 



The Czechoslovak taxpayers, together with taxpayers* associations of the 
Twelfth Ward, called a mass indignation meeting for yesterday afternoon. The p 
main feature on the program was a debate between Alderman ;inton J. Cermdk of ^ 
the Twelfth Ward and his colleague, Alderman John H. Lyle, of the Thirty-second § 
Ward. Both debated the question of prohibition, a question which at the ^ 
present time promises to beccme a campaign issue of national importance. ^ 
Therefore it can be understood why the debate attracted such a large number cJi 
of listeners. The Pilsen Brewery pavilion was filled to capacity. Cermdk 
and Lyle are, above all otners, the proper persons to engage in a debate of 
this kind; the former has for many years been a champion of personal liber- 
ties; the latter is well known as a mouthpiece of the drys, not only within 
the City Council itself, but ^vherever he happens to be. The meeting was 
presided over by Mr. Hanus with LCr. J. Liska as secretary. ALdenaan Cermak 



I B 2 - 2 - BOKSSaAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 6, 1922. 

opened the meeting and introduced Alderman Lyle who was to prove that the 
prohibition law met with an undeniable success. ^ 

-a 

J* 

Mr. Lyle, vrtio is an attorney, is a good speaker, but nevertheless his talk was ^::^ 
very disappointing to everybody who listened to him, and his audience was aware r; 
that he is supposed to be one of the most ardent Prohibitionists. He defended -o 
an issue, which in spite of all its moral and humane punctilio is basically o 
fanatical and bad. Lyle*s task therefore, was erbranely difficult. Since "o, 
prohibition, which was forced upon the people of this country, cannot have a S 
logical basis, it must needs have a recourse to sentimentality, Lyle tried to ^ 
show that while saloons were in existence, the people who frequented them spent 
all their earnings in them; spent more than they could afford, causing suffer- 
ing in the family. He tried to show that prohibition lowered the percentage of 
crimes, taught people how to economize, and that its good fruits will be borne 
by the next generation. He likewise endeavored to argue that taxes are not 
higher as a result of the prohibition law, but because public life has been 
corrupted by politicians who are in the service of rich corporations to whom 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 6, 1922. 

they sell their privileges at the expense of the comnon weal.... At the end >• 
of his speech he paid a doubtfvil compliment to the assembled citizens: "Either "^ 
respect the law as good American citizens or go back to the country you came r; 
from." These words evoked a storm of protest. ^ 

o 

To these shallow arguments, it was an easy task on the part of Alderman Cermak c^ 
to answer. Mr. Cermedc overturned thera one after another, and in many instances c;^ 
he did not spare the horses. First of all he showed that prohibition does not ^ 
render people more moral but, on the contrary, it degrades them. It lowers 
the respect for all law and incites citizens to circumvent it. People today 
do things vdiich in times past they would not have thou^t of doing. Crime is 
on the increase, not on the decrease. After eighteen months of prohibition 
in the city of Chicago alone there were more hangings than for the entire 
decade preceding the prohibition. The people of this country did not desire 
prohibition, at least not such stringent measures as are prevalent today. But 
the people were not given an opportunity to vote on the question generally..,. 
It is therefore very incorrect to make such wholesale assertions as were made 



3> 



I B 2 - 4 - BOEEMAN 

17 

Deaini Hlasatel . Mar. 6, 1922. 

by the speaker. ...Mr. Cermak finished by saying that the right to protest 
against excessive legislation rests with every citizen, and that consequently 

such a citizen cannot be accused of disloyalty to the constitution. IVhen we ?= 

had more liberal laws which were not pleasing to the members of the Prohibi- ^ 

tion party, no one asked them to leave America and "go back to the country you "S 

came from". When the time arrives again to vote on the issue, there will be 2 

enthusiastic citizens who will vote it out of existence, even those who in- ^ 

habit Mr, Lyle*s own Ward. ,^ 

This was the tone of the whole debate; the listening public heard the debate 
calmly rewarding especially Mr. Cermak' s refutations with unstinted applause. 
If there were some of us who were a bit more enthusiastic than others they 
must remember that in their zeal they ought not insult an educated person and 
a public official, especially one whom we have invited to come into our own 
midst; we should use tact and civility. For when we criticize fanatics we 
ought not fall victims to fanaticism of another kind. 



I B 2 BOEaailAN 

IV 

Dennl Elasatel , Mar. 5, 1922. 

A PR0T3ST MEETING OF THE CZECHOSLOVi^ 
CITIZENS IN THE PILSEN PAVILION 

An indignation meeting will take plac^ today in the Pilsen Park pavilion. A 
large number of our Czechoslovak citizens are protesting against curtailments 
of personal liberty and are preparing to voice their indignation in this meet- 
ing which promises to be well attended. As a special attraction, the program 
will include a debate between Alderman Anton J. Cermak who will speak for the 
preservation of personal liberties, and Alderman Lyle who will defend prohibi- 
tion. Other matters such as high taxes, will also be discussed in this meet- 
ing. Czechoslovak taxjjayers ard citizens are urged to ccme in great numbers. 



c 



IBS ^CI^!I^1T 

Denni ?Ilasatel , Nov, 3, 1921, 

PnOHIBITICK HI THE AI^T^IC/^T F-JESS 

The majority of American newspapers have alv/ays been enthusiastic supporters 
of prohibition. It is only lately that many of them have come to the con- 
clusion that strict prohibition lav/s are of no benefit to this country. The i 
Chicago Tribune has been one of those few papers v;hich n ver have catered to 3e 
prohibition, which have never agreed with it; and its editorial articles have 
been severely critical of all self-appointed reformers and their senseless 
activities. Lately it has again printed an article of a nature such as has 
hardly ever appeared in the Merican press. Here are a few interesting ex- 
cerpts from it: 



It is reported that Russia intends to do away with prohibition, as far as it 
concerns beer and v;ine, but not, however, raising the ban on vodka, brandy, 
and other forms of hard liquor, Russia is one of the present or former first- 
class powers which have tried absolute prohibition. The United States is the 
second, and Turkey the third. 



-D 






I B 2 - 2 - ■BOimOAll 

Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1921. 

Russia has received her prohibition from one autocrat ancl has kept it under 
another. Of these tv;o, Nicholas was less bloody than Lenin. He was weaker, 
and perhaps more general in his murderous tendencies, because the Czarist 
system was more murderous in its oppression. Lenin is stronger, but absolute- 
ly v;ithout feeling, like a machine gun, 

"Bone-dry Turkey has the lowest Jioral level of all so-called civilized countries, 
All her women are permitted to have are their bodies, and the murdering of de- 
fenseless subjects was being done vath an almost religious zeal. All this de- 
gradation of human feelings and instincts has been taking place without the 
incentive, provocation, or influence of alcoholic beverages, ''Je may not agree 
on the causes v;hich made the Turks human tarantulas /s"ic/ but we must agree 
that it was not drinking. In that respect they are as moral as V'ayne VJheeler 
or VJ. J. Bryan, 

Since we are talking about Asia, let us look at another nation which drinks 
hard. It is Japan, It has its sake and distilled drinks made of various 



-c 



I B 2 - 3 - B0H5!.!IM 

Dennl HI as at el , Nov. 3, 1921. 

fruits, and it has its beer. Perhaps some Japanese are too poor to indulge 

in drinking, but alcohol is a part of Japanese life. Japan is the greatest 

Asiatic nation. The Japanese have their arts, literature, and their ideals, 

which may not agree with ours, but they are ideals just the same. They have 

an incomparable industry and an exemplary devotion to duty, and have what the 

Turks lack, character. These are facts that everybody must admit, and the reader 

may draw his ovm conclusion, ^ 

F- 
Concerning Russia it has alv.ays been maintained that it suffered under the rule ^ 

of the Czar and vodka; and vodka \vas prohibited by the Czar. It was said that -c 

Ivan's foggy brain started getting some vision, if such a thing was possible, o 

Life's realities were nothing, life's pleasures naught. Vodka occasionally en 

gave him a dream; without vodka he hsd not even that, '.'."hen Nicholas entered S 

the war he took some nineteen or twenty million men, and put them into concen- '^ 

tration camps, and had weapons only for two million. Great masses of Ivans, 

superfluous in the vrar, were drovming in their ovm inactivity, without work, 

without vodka, without beer, without anything. Finally they murdered the 



I B 2 - 4 - BOE^vTIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1921. 

Czar and accepted Lenin, and with him they dived head first into the abyss, 
murdering the arts and literature which Russia had had, ruining productivity, 
turning their fertile soil into desert, creating for themselves famine and 
pestilence, losing territory and ports they had gained as a nation that had 
been growing stronger and stronger. 

VJe do not v;ish to imply that the constitutionally dry United States v;ill go 5 
after Abdul the Damned, or Lenin the Terrible, or that the /anericans are head- "=: 

' r~ 

ing toward an abyss because they are not being heated up by alcohol, or at least r~ 

those Americans v/ho do net do so during constitutional prohibition. But it is -c 

only proper to speculate why two of the three nations that heve refused legality o 

to the old natural law of fermentation, have surJcen to the lowest levels and are l^ 

being destroyed by internal evils and external enemies. The French, this intel- S 

lectually greatest nation, are drinkers of wine; the greatest Asiatics are «^' 
drinkers of v/ine and liquors; the greatest builders of nations have been drinkers 
of alcoholic beverages, and the nation of the greatest artists raises vdne grapes 
on every other plot of land up to the edge of fiery lava from Vesuvius; and the 



I B 2 - 5 - EOHE^TIM 

Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1921. 

greatest organizers of industry and commerce, the wielders of the greatest 
national power, the Germans, are drinkers of beer and wine. 

Other local papers have lately been writing a great deal sbout the question 
of medicinal beer and wine, and almost all of them agree that a new step has 
been made toxvard the nullification of the prohibition laws and the final re- 
turn of beer and wine. Of course, nobody is serious about medicinal beer. 
There may be people v;ho believe that beer mey be a medicine, or at least a 
tonic, but there are very fev; of them. One paper says in this respect: 
"There are comparatively few people who are in agreement with the issuing 
of medical prescriptions for beer or v;ine because they believe that neither § 
of these two beverages has any special merit as medicine. The majority of ^ 
the people agree with that system^ because they want to drink and believe g 
that they have the right to want to drink. And why should they not have that cjf 
right? The ruling of Secretary Jlellon concerning medicinal beer and wine will 
not dispose of this controversial question, nor can it be disposed of by the 
new prohibition law which has been discussed in Congress for such a long time 



-rs 



IB 8 - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1921, 

and finally may be passed. Prohibition cannot last because too much property 
is involved and affected, and because too many people are convinced that pro- 
hibition is depriving thea of certain inalienable rights. The people will go 
on violating the law while endeavoring to give it such interpretation as will 
permit them to drink what they want and remain within the law while doing so. 
The final outcome must be that all prohibition lav/s will be so adjusted as to ^ 
agree with the ideas of the majority of the American people.** ^ 



T3 
5D 
O 



CO 

ro 
cr 



I B 2 BOimTIAIT 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 27, 1921, 

A MATTER FOR TtlE COURTS TO DECIDE 

During the last two days Chicago has been rejoicing over the regulation issued 
by Secretary of the Treasury Mellon permitting the manufacture of medicinal beer 
and wine. But the pleasure v/as of short duration. It was taken away by the 
Attorney General of the State of Illinois, who declared that he would not per- 
mit the sale of medicinal beer and wine, basing his decision on the search and 
seizure law passed by the State legislature. His declaration was the topic of 
many heated discussions, as the result of which the v;aning joy started gradual- 
ly to return, owing to the fact that many prominent lawyers and experts voiced 
the opinion that the law in nuestion v.-as unconstitutional and could not stand 
against the last Governmental regulation, o 

\Vhile these opinions were being voiced, "T. Scott McBride, the Illinois State 
superintendent of the Anti-Saloon League, was severely criticizing the Federal 
Government for loosening up the prohibition lavjs. He declared that in regard 
to the question of medicinal beer and v;ine, the campaign for such beer and wine 



o 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHPailAN 

Deainl Hlasatel , Oct. 27, 1921. 

by people engaged in illegal traffic in alcoiiolic beverages, proved that the 
real purpose of the agitation was not to malce beer and v.'ine available as 
medicines but to cause a general slackening: or the regulations in regard to 
the sale of all intoxicating beverages. 



3e 



Of course, the point of view of lawyers and legal experts upon this matter is 
different. Most of them are of the opinion that a Federal law has precedence "^ 
of a State law in validity and interpretation. They are convinced that the ^T 
State search and seizure lav; is unconstitutional, or at least out of place 3 
and cannot be enforced as far as its application to physicians is concerned, 2 
because it prohibits them from prescribing beer and wine to patients for v;hom jg 
these beverages are an indispensable medicine. They also say that the whole 
State prohibition law is unconstitutional because, on the one hand, it permits 
the prescription of v;hisky as a medicine, while, on the other hand, it pro- 
hibits the prescription of beer and wine for medicinal use. These same legal 
authorities call the Illinois prohibition law farcial, saying that it makes 
the saine impression as would be made by a cotton-grov;ing state v/hich vrauld 



*«4 

or 



c 



I B 2 - 3 - BCHl^JAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 27, 1921. 

prohibit the use of cotton undemvoar, or, perhaps, a vegetarian legislature 
which v;ould prohibit the use oi' beef broth or meat by patients who need them 
for recovery. They say further that the vjhole State law and its drastic en- 
forcement is far from the intentions of the legislators, v.-hose only purpose 
was to limit the sale of v/hisky, beer, and wine, and not to prevent a sick ^ 
person from getting what has been prescribed for him by his physician, and 
what he needs to regain his health. 

Lawyer Levy "ay er, talking about the Tederal and the State prohibition laws 
insofar as they concern medical prescriptions, said there v,as a definite con- 
flict between the lav/s. He thought that in case of such a conflict the Federal 
law must prevail. Of course, vAiether it will or will not prevail in this specific ^ 
case is up to the United States Supreme Court to decide. Another question, and 
one of great interest and importance, is whether the Stcte legislature has the 
right to stop a physician from prescribing anything he considers as medicine 
for his patients in any particular case. His personal opinion is that the de- 
cision of the State legislature \»;ould not be tenable in any such case. 



CO 



I 3. 2 - 4 - BOHEI-IAIT 

Dennl Hlnsstel , Oct. 27, 1921. 

Lavfyer Coliit C. H. Fyffe says he is convinced that the Federal Congress and 
its encctments have priority over those of any state legislature, and that 
in the cases novj under consideration the State lav; can be declared invalid. 
Also he is of the opinion that no state legislature has any right whatever 
to tell a physician what he may or may net prescribe for his patient. He 
believes that a law of this kind is too drastic for enforcement. 

Lawyers Thomas D. Nash and Otto raer thought that the State of Illinois could 
not be deprived of its medicinal beer and v.lne. Nash said that the State con- 
tradicts itself Tivhen it permits the sale of medicinal whisky and prohibits the 
sale of medicinal beer and wine. He is convinced that such a lav: v/ould be de- 
clared unconstitutional by any court of lav;. In such a case the Federal lavjs ^ 
and regulations v;ould remain in force until the matter \vss decided, one way 
or the other, by the United 'Jtates Supreme Court, or until the State legisla- 
ture passed an entirely different law. That being the situation, Attorney 
General Brundage would have to issue a permit to release v;ine and beer for 
sale as medicine, no matter v/hat his T:»ersonel attitude toward thet matter 
should be. 



Ck> 



I B 2 BOHSMIAI^T 

Dennl lilasatel . Oct. 26, 1921. 

W3 kUST NOT USE BEER 2\S IJSDICH-ri) 

Things in Illinois a state '-vhioh we have been in the habit of calling amone 
the most progressive and liberal, have cone to such a pass that we shall not 
be able to use the good beer for improvement of our physical condition, as 
medicine, in spite of the fact that this is permitted accoruine to the de- 5 
cision of the Treasury Department in I7ashiii£ton. In Illinois, the search 5 
and seizure law adopted by the last Legislature and signed by Governor Small 3 
prevents that. Attorney General Brundage declared yesterday that that law !~ 
makes the Washington decision inapplicable in the State of Illinois. ^ 

o 
Tlmt law specifically prohibits the use of wine and beer for medicinal ^ 
purposes, forbids physicians to prescribe it, and drugstores to sell it. p 
According to regulations issued by Secretary Llellon, "medicinal" beer may "^ 
be sold only by licensed pharmacists. According to the Illinois law, phar- 
macists who sell such beer, and physicians who prescribe it are liable to 
lose their licenses and in addition may be fined and jailed. 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHSLJAIT 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 26, 1921. 

Local prohibitionists, however, fear that the new decision of the Department 
of the Treasury will cause an increase in illicit beer traffic in Illinois, 
because the State has no monej'' for the enforcenent of the State search and 
seizure law, Governor Snail having crossed out fron the budget the iten 
that would have permitted the Attorney General, to hire spies without which 
the enforcenent of such noble laws is impossible. The various assistant 
state's Attorneys declare that they are fully occupied with the supression 
of crime and have no tine for the enforcenent of the search and seizure law. 

The drugstores were being visited yesterday by very many people who do not 
feel well and believe that good beer would help them. They cane to put in 
their orders for a share in the coming beer shipment. But their hopes of 
getting any part of any shipment were squelched by the declaration of At- 
torney General Brundage. Druggists, physicians, brewers, do not know v/here 
they really stand. Some say there will be beer, some say there will be 
none. But the fact seems to be that any physician v.'ho prescribes anything 
with more than one half of one per cent alcohol in it, any druggist who 



3> 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHSIvZAIT 

Denni Klasatel . Oct. 26, 1921. 

sells anything like it, any brewery that makes anything like it, and any 
patient who uses anything like it will be in danger of prosecution for 
infringenent of that state law. 

Levy iiayer, attorney for the "wet" forces, upon being asked yesterday about j. 
his opinion, declared that there is no doubt about the veilidity of the State 
law, which in this case could not be riiade void by a mere "regulation" of a 
department of the Federal Govemiient. But he has serious doubts about the 
constitutionality of that law because it prohibits the physician from pre- 
scribing for his patient a medicine v;hich he believes would be beneficial 
for the patient. 

Ifeny physicians and pharmacists r;ere asked :.''esterday what standpoint they 
would take. A large part of their, declared they would respect the Illinois 
State Law. Most of then are waiting for an opinion from 'Washington about 
the situation in Illinois. 






1 13 2 BcnmiPi^ 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct, 12, 1921. 

JOHN B.V^.L?TCCR1I STILL LF/^S 

A most stubborn pctient, one that refuses to die no matter vliat happens, is John 
Barleycorn. By that name, permit us to repeat, are designated alcoholic bev- 
erages, and it was originated by the popular American novelist, Jeck London, s 
xvho published under that name a book dealing with the alcoholic habit, 5 

According to general expectation John Barleycorn was to die the day the r^ighteenth r" 
Amendment came into force after Congressman Volstead had succeeded in having his ^ 
notorious law enacted. But die he did not, Scott McBride, the head of the Anti- o 
Saloon League in our state, declared last week, v;ith tears in his eyes, that John co 
Barleycorn is not dead; in fact, that he is not even asleep. And those who fol- !^ 
lov; the process of drying up the United states v/ill certainly agree with that 
statement. Besides, T^cBride is not the only man who has reached that conclusion. 
That John Barleycorn is not dead is known to every congressm.an, every federal 
prohibition officer, and every little child, :2verybody knov;s it, and it is 
no longer a matter of prophecy but a matter of experience that the Eighteenth 



— J 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHPmAN 

Demii Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1921. 

Mendment and the Volstead Act are no solution of the question of drinking, and 
that If there Is any real prohibition, It cannot be found anywhere else in the 
whole vast country but in the federal and state lawbooks. 

Everything is as it was before, except one little thing: While alcoholic bev- 
erages were being sold openly in pre- Volstead days, they now are being sold 
secretly or semi -openly, and the authorities are not strong enough to stop it. 
Instead of in saloons, whisky is now being sold by so-called "bootleggers," and 
their business is one of the most lucrative ones in America. United States At- 
torney James C, Beck estimates that during the past year the Illegal trade in 
alcoholic beverages has brought three hundred million dollars to men who by now ^ 
have developed their methods to perfection and find their business a richer gold 
mine than any in Alaska. c^^ 



T: 



•'ji 



The famous moonshiners in the mountains of our Southern states are mere pikers 
in comparison with the modem whiskey makers and smugglers. The moonshiners used 
to feel contented with a primitive still in inaccessible hills, and the people who 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct, 12, 1921. 

bought their whisky bought it only because it was dirt cheap. At times they 
would have a battle with the agents of the Treasury Department and would be 
arrested; at times they would shoot and kill one another; but hunting moon- 
shiners was, on the average, an exciting pastime rather than a serious business. 
The up-to-date smugglers are, oi' course, quite a different matter. Their busi- 
ness has spread all over the country and they have agents in European countries, 
in Canada, in Mexico, and in various British islands, and everything is being 
run on a big scale. The whislcy is not transported in high boots as was the 
custom with the moonshiners, but in automobiles, railroad trains, ships, and 
airplanes; and if there were another, still more modern method, our smugglers 
would be sure to be using it. 

What proportions the ^isky business has actually reached in the United States 
nobody knows, and whatever the public is being told about it is mere guesswork. 
There can be no doubt, however, that its proportions would stun the prohibition- 
ists, in the first place, and, in the second, the congressmen who thought that 
all that was needed to change human nature was to pass the Volstead Act, Whether 



5 






13 2 - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1921, 

or not our congressmen are surprised by the proportions that the whisky business 
has reached is not known; but that they know about it is shown by the fact that 
their committee on taxation wants to impose a four-dollar tax on a gallon of 
alcohol, and this tax is expected to bring seventy-five million dollars a year 
to the Government. It takes an enormous quantity of alcohol to bring that amount 
in taxes, and the congressmen are not likely to believe that all of it would be 5 
used for industrial and medicinel purposes. That, of course, refers only to ,^ 
alcohol and alcoholic beverages put on the market in a regular and legal way, p 
and not the enormous flood of beer, wine, and all kinds of hard liquors sold ^ 
surreptitiously. § 



Co 



The Eighteenth Amendment and the Volstead Act have solved nothing at all. The 
manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages has not been stopped, much less the ^ 
drinking of them. Large cities are not any drier now than they were before pro- 
hibition, the only difference being that the traffic in alcoholic beverages was 
formerly above board and legal, and now it is on the sly and illegal. Already 
it has grown to such proportions that the authorities are unable to supress it. 



I B 2 - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

Dannl Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1921, 

The chief prohibition commissioner declared recently that he expects to take 
action personally in order to make Chicago bone dry, since local authorities 
are unable to do so. He has taken personal action in New York already, but 
there are so far no indications that that action has met with any success. 
The only result has been that the courts are swamped with work which they are 
unable to take care of, and thousands of cases remain untried. This situation % 
has caused the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, former President Taft, to ^ 
request the appointment of eighteen additional federal judges, a measure that F 
would do away with infinite delays in trying violations of the Volstead Act. >- 
He declared openly that more judges are necessary as a direct consequence of x= 
the Volstead Act, and that this is not the only measure necessary for its en- ^ 
forcement. Prohibition officials say openly that it is impossible to make the ^' 
United States, particularly the cities, dry without an immense army of detect- ':j 
ives, and even then it is more than likely that our country would not be "dry 
as a bone". There are things that cannot be "legislated away," and drinking 
Is one of them. But the worst part of the whole situation is the fact that 
there are hundreds of thousands, or rather millions of people who had always 



-wT^ 



IB 8 - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1921, 

been law-abiding citizens, who would not think or doin^ anything that was not 
quite right and proper and who now, knowingly, transgress the law and do not 
admit that they are doins- anjrthing wrong or illegal. The people are losing 
their respect for law, and that is a most serious matter. No doubt congress- 
men had not foreseen this, and now are trying to change the Volstead Act so 
that it may, at least to some extent, comply with the wishes of the public, ■* 
And in the meantime, John Barleycorn not only lives, he—according to Mr. 5* 
McBride — doesn't even sleep, "--■ 

r— 

"T. 
X 



I 



I B 2 BOHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct, 5, 1921. 

PRCeiBITION AND CRIME 
Prohibition Has Reduced Instances of Disorderly Conduct 9| 

but Murder is More Rampant S 

Prior to the enactment of prohibition, the most numerous cases on the court r^ 
dockets were those of disorderly conduct ishile intoxicated. Prohibition will ^ 
stop such cases completely in a short time, A delayed report for 1920 issued o 
by the Chicago Police Department for the past four years shows the following Lj 
number of such cases: 1917, 55,947; 1918, 45,414; 1919, 35,608; 1920, 32,859, § 
To offset this, home mode whisky — "moonshine" — has caused quite enough evil "-" 
because it shows its effects in a much more serious type of offense or crime. 
There were 115 murders ccMimitted in Chicago in 1920, and taking the first 
seven months of this year as a criterion, it may be anticipated that there 
will be at least 130 murders in 1921, 

In 50 of the 116 cases of murder in 1920 no arrests were made. Twelve cases 
cleared themselves up automatically by suicide of the murderer. Ihree of the 



I 



I B 2 " 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct, 5, 1921, 

116 assassins were hanged. Twenty-one were sent to Jollet» Seventeen were ^ 
found Innocent by the jury, and in thirty-two cases the indictment was quashed. ~ 
There are twenty-five cases awaiting disposal. r; 

The 5,150 policemen employed by the Department in 1920 had less to do during o 
that year than did the 4,706 policemen employed in 1908. This would lead to Lo 
the belief that prohibition has been helpful, just the same, to some extent. § 
The report shows another interesting fact: It reveals that saloonkeepers and '^ 
those employed by them have been and are more law-abiding citizens than bankers 
and brokers. Of the former, only 289 were arrested. But 330 others arrested 
were identified as either brokers or bankers. During the year, 26 detectives, 
113 milkmen, 49 policemen, 18,849 chauffeurs, and 21,251 workingmen were arrested. 

Although there were 438 persons killed by automobiles, as against 290 in 1919, 
there were fewer instances of arrests for speeding. The police found 4,340 out 
of the 5,947 stolen cars. 



I B 2 BOHiailAN 

I F 6 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct, 4, 1921, 

PROHIBITIOII IS A BLSSSINO— FOR SOlS 

(Editorial Comment) 






The chief of Police has declared that fifty per cent of Chicago policemen are r; 
engaged in the illicit trade of selling alcoholic beverages, and if he should ^^: 
succeed in getting proper evidence, he would discharge perhaps the whole police ^ 
force even if he had nobody to replace then with but rookies. This declaration oo 
was not made by a citizen of v;hora it might be said that he had political reasons ^^ 
to criticize the police department, but by the chief of police himself, and he *^" 
must be expected to knmv v;hat he is talking about. Policemen have a better 
chance to get away with v/hiskey selling because they are protected by their uni- 
forms, but it seems that there are now thousands of other people in Chicago who 
welcome prohibition because it gives them an opportunity to make huge profits. 
This is only natural in a city v;here ninety-nine per cent of the population 
disagree with the prohibition laws and do not consider their violation an 
offense. 



I B 2 B0HJ!.!IAK 

Dennl Klasatel . Sept. 24, 1921. 

ffiCSLLjUvT PilOSPi'XTS 

The Chicago Association of Law and Order is Tjreparinr; a petition asking Con- 
gress to pass a law which -Adll make Chicago police enforce the prohibition 
laws. The Association charges that v;hisky is being sold publicly in all 
Chicago saloons, and that our police are aware of that fact. The lavjs which 
the Association is desirous of havimr enacted would nake prohibition agents 
of all Chicago policemen and thus save our HeT)ublic from the danger of ex- 
cessive wetness. Also a special Congressional coiranittee is being planned 
which would Investigate Chicago enforcement conditions. The proposal to 
send such a commission to Chicago is particularly inviting. The Congressmen 
vjould thus learn where they can get something more substantial than "one half 
of one ner cent" in case it should become necessary to leave .Washington for 
that particular purpose. Also Chicago TK)licemen would v/elcome their change 
of status to that of prohibition agents. They would be busy sampling liquor, 
an occupation of many advantages over that of catching thieves and robbers. 
So, all in all, our policemen and our criminals should be looking forward to 
the future with agreeable expectations. 






-T. 



IBS ., SOirJU-'IA!^"^ 

IV 

IV (Jewish) Denni Hlasatel, Jan. 23, 1920. 



CZECH CCi:0?J^S3I,!AIT I!I ACTIC' 

Prohibition Annulment for IT: 

as a I<!easure to Combat Influenza 



Asks Prohibition Annulment for Tlinety Days " 5 



The Honorable Adolph J, Sabath, of Chicapo, today placed before the Congress a ^ 
resolution In vriiich he declared that whiskey is a very essential remedy to o 

combat influenza, which is rapidly spreading. He proposes a ninety-day sus- io 

pension of the national prohibition law, which requires a special permit and jo 

reports from pharmacists, doctors, and others with reference to its use as a ®' 

medicine. The purpose of this resolution is to make it possible for anybody 
to get his prescription and his whiskey for medicinal purposes without any 
delay. An amendment to the prohibition lew to permit the production and sale 
of beer containing not more than three per cent of alcohol and of wine with a 
raaxitnum content of nine per cent of alcohol was also proposed by Congressman 
Sabath, 



I B 2 BQHMIAN 

I B 1 

Penal Hlasatel , Sept« 15, 1918. 

NEDSLNI BESEDA. (FCJR READING ON SUNDA-Y) 

(Summaiy) 

Can you Imagine how Chicago will look at Christmas time, and how you will 
be preparing to celebrate Saint Sylyester, the last day of the year? 
Visitors from out of town from "dry** districts may be able to giye you 
an idea — ^yet they will probably not know nhat is going to happen to Chicago 
in the future, when all sources of the hop and malt beverage will be sold 
out. Thirsty people from the State of Indiana used to need only a few 
steps to be in Chicago at the fountain 

After December 1, or when all supplies are consumed, it will be hard to 
find a "wet" spot here* All the breweries will close, and not &ven the 
famous Pilsner beer will be allowed to come into America**. .After June 
next, general prohibition will be introduced, and thirsty people will 
have to wait till our soldiers come back from the war, unless they prefer 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I B 1 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

to quench their thirst with a rotten drink of perfumed water from Lake 
Michigan* 

Chicago certainly is not used to this kind of innovation, and many protests 

are on record. But the war compels us to accept manifold cbanges in our 

standards of living and to adopt habits never dreamed of before* Many more ^ 

economizing measures are ezpeeted in the consumption of food and gasoline, 

as well as in clothing, than are in effect today* •••.even stones from plums 

and peaches have become war supplies, being used for gas masks; patriotic 

housewives are expected to save and deliver them to collecting stations^*^** 



3» 






No one knows irtien Chicago will be emptying its last mug of beer. •••When this ^ 
has happened, our people will stop singing '^de Se Pivo Yari.^*" (Where they 
brew beer, there it is good to bet), and scores of other songs in praise of 
that beverage, for what is the use of praising a thing of idiich there is 
nothing left but the sweet memory of its taste 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I B 1 

Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 15, 1918, 

What is going to happen to all those «^o made a living in the beer business? 

Tbey will, however, not be the only sufferers: Thousands of prohibition 

evangelists, and reformed drunkards who hit the sawdust trail, and who are 

now exhibited as warning examples, will be looking for a job, because there 

will be nothing left against which they could direct their vilifications* 

Just think of «diat is going to befall the regiments of the "Billy Sundays'* % 

who are making a comfortable living from abusing and slurring saloons and 

drinkers* 



>» 



XI 

o 



K> 



• •••Besides the "Billy Sundays," "Volivas," and "VJilliam J« Bryans," there 

are hordes of people who first fill their tummies to capacity, and then 

display in prohibition meetings "the terrible consequences of drunkenness ^ 

and the ravages of alcohol". All these people will be thrown out in the 

street — unemployed — because they are deprived of their means of livelihood* 

Prohibition politicians, also, will find their business undermined. They 

will resemble a physician who has cured his patient too early, or a 

lawyer who won the case for his client prematurely, and so dried up the 



I B 2 - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I Bl 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

source of his regular income* 

This proves that to every evil there is attached an ounce of good. It 
depends from ndiat angle people view an issue like this. But these con- 
siderations are only of minor importance. 

The Government says that no beer must be brewed during war time* That is :^ 

final. If prohibition can contribute to victory over the Germans, then ^ 

every decent citizen should regard beer as an unnecessary commodity, and rj 

gladly substitute a drink of sparkling water from Lake Uichigan. tj 



I B ?i 3w li. I.J: 

I (J 

IV Deun< 0.j^::;t^i , ..ay :.v, li?l- . 

Czecjis V*ell Aepresent(=;a >.t rhirteent . . jinu ) L 'Jonvention 

Tne t:.irtoent oonv.intioii o." X-uk- L::itea .jocieties v;ad ..jia y-saterauy ir. t..e 

1 ortn Jide Tiinu^r .-IL, o\s Jlur': jtreiit uuar Jnicaj^o .vvenue. Cur re^-asrs 

iiave always been zeht v;ell infoKriea aoout t.e purpoass uua ac>.ivities or 

tills Doay. Tue org^iiiization ;i-i'j .iccor.plis: ec5 i:.ue.i I'oi- t.^f^ preservation of 

psraonal liberty arid tae improvenant of nunicipal t^ovcnii.ient in our city. 

l,:uc'"i or purittmisni cind pronibitionist tyranny, ^.c advocated by crazy tiioralists, g 

ras been suppressed t :rous:. t.ie laeritoviors ii.r.erveiition in tae legislature en 

and cit;, council of t n crja'.ization*G loaders. 

It auroly caxmot bo dei--.--.i t.:c-.t tie .joei-3t:.es* secrot-:ry, :-.v, .xntoi' J, Cei'uaic, 
deserves nifj-i praise for lis \Jor}r in hi.wili' of certain ri-jate v;:ac^i t^ie 
ortjanization .^ucceederT in preserviaj. .JLso to be co:.i^ie:id3d are ...r. jo.ir. 
•Jer'\'=-ia«:-.'., .JLriernv.n Jc::n Toi.an, t :o unfor,.:ettable Ji'd^e o . ... l-alir, -ind 



o 

CO 



X D - - - i:;0--_^.X.u.v _ 

I G 

I,.r. J--inviu.s, -13 v;ell us our ...r^. xrinc, . ri;. Zenf5ol:, ..rs. oi::-loi;d, anu ..rs* 

iedlacc?-. Besides ti3 Jza^-ic, tr.e J-or.-.-.-.'is al.iO t^ics tae livaliest intei-ost ^ 

in tae activity or t \j [riil^id oCPJeti33 t.iro'j.:;: t-ielr le.ders.... ^ 

The neetin£i opened v.ith ine siiif-^iiiG cf "T:ie Jtitr-opancled 3aru''er", T.ie irresi- p 

dent, ... Ira:.;or, declrared t lat, v.-.iile i;. t.i'i ivur brotrier .l*i£:.-ts broti.er, in ^ 

t.-'.e United Jocietioc all nationulities stand tOj.-eL^.er in tae I'lght :^or personal o 

liberty -:.r.6 loc:,l :_-ovoT'rrient , •;.:ilo t.iuy ::ill --jsn ^•■••lol'^i'aortodly xor -j victory c.o 

for t\e Inited Jtc.tcs. ^ 



• ...Th.e cr^vnization comprises 2,105 societies wit.. Cu6,o28 :.iy;.bero. 02:cc:i 
-■csocictionr are t ^e :..03t nvi'crc;u.s :.itn 1S9 :..on's -.cvA llo 'v;o:.'en*e or^-.LT.izutions. 

Lr. Cexriiak pointed out t ;rit nuc.i untrut.i '..".'is s-»ia in ./.snincton ^.nd t .e Jity 
.-:all durin,-^ debutes on tae c:i;ection -.i' sp^ci-.-l pjr;:uts I'ur ai:.;pcn3ir.r al- 
coholic beverfiries 






iV ijqrr.i .IL->j-it^l , ;._.y TV, i^ib, 

...r. riclak callGcl a^oi.tior: tc t.io abs-erice of .-.r, ."o.ui verveiL-;a, one of the ^ 

i.ost zealous '.;orl:ov.«: in tno "Ji.ited .Jocieti'js, v/.io net "..it.! an uccicieut re- 5 

ceritl^y . riie Jociaties resolved to ssnci u i..ossL.(--e of rer*ret. -Si, 

r- 
Judge Bernarn Baraoa v/-.. s elected president; 0. Landau vice-presiaent , and -n 

^jiton J. Cernak, secretary, o 

^D 

—J 

cr 



I B 2 BCHa-Ii;iH 

IV 

IV (Jewish) Denni Klasatel . Apr. 30, 1918. 

Bli^R LICSlTSi:: FOR CZIiJCII HALIS 

Our alderJian, Joseph 0. Kostner, chairnan of the City Council coianittee 
for home defense, departed for .Washington, D. C, to confer .vith Secretary 

of the Navy Daniels about his attitude to-.^ard the prohibition of beer licenses ^ 

for entertainments which are frequented by navy men. Congressman A. J. c3abath > 

had previously made arrangenents for the interview, and he is also going to '—: 

arrange for a meeting: with Secretary of V/ar Baker. The alderiaan is of the <~. 

opinion that decent entertainments should not be denied the right to a ^ 

license. 3iis words are being interpreted to shov: that the City Council is £: 

taking a more conciliator^' attitude toward the question of stringent pro- c. 

hibitlon measures, ° ^ 



' I B 2 BQHaMlAN 

III B 2 
' II D 1 Dennf Hlasatel , Mar. 10, 1918. 

17 

DNITSD SOCIETISS 

A meeting of the Czech branch of the United Societies was held in Mr. Joseph * 

Pla5elc*s hall last Friday, A very large number of delegates from Chicago Czech ,-^ 

organizations took a lively part in it. Mr. John A. Cervenka presided after p 

an absence of some time, and he was heartily welcomed. He called on those ^ 

present to devote their energies to the fight against prohibitionist elements, :s? 

for the preservation of self-government in Chicago, and for the personal liberty ^ 

of its citizens. <^ 



A remarkably large number of Czech organizations was announced as having joined 
the United Societies recently. CHief Bailiff Anton J. Cerm^, secretary of the 
Societies, called attention to the prohibitionist petition, vuhich is now kept 
in the offices of the election commissioners, and to the many forged signatures 
and false names. He solicited the good will of all honest voters, urging them 
not to fail to appear at the places of registration^ He declared that the 
situation is very serious, and reminded the gathering about their duties as 



cr 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHSMU^N 
III B 2 

II D 1 Denni Hlasatel . Mar, 10, 1918. 
IV 

citizens. 3v9ry single vote cast means additional protection for personal ^ 

liberty against increased taxes and against fanaticism. Mr. Cermak stated 3» 

that in typical prohibition districts, every married woman and every girl is 'p 

registering, and that their number fully equals that of male voters. Their C 

efforts are bent on crippling our city, devaluating property, and raising the ^ 

taxes which are unduly high just now anyway. £ 



Mrs. Velik reproached those men of unsound reasoning who are hampering anti- 
prohibitionist agitation. VJhen women are urged to register, men of this tyjie 
address them in a vulgar manner with such trite phrases as "V/omen should stay 
at home and wash the dishes". 

Mr. Placek, chairman of the campaign coiiuiilttee, announced that he has appointed 
more members to the committee. They are Mr. Jakob Fink, Mr. Straka, and Mmes. 
Zenlsek and Vacfk. The committee, he said, is awaiting directions from the 
main body of the United Societies to initiate proper action. 






I B 2 - 3 - B0HSML4N 
III B 2 

II D 1 Dennf Hlasatel , Mar, 10, 1918. 
IV 

Mr. CermSk stated that if the prohibitionist elements succeeaed in enforcing % 

their schemes, the city, according to figures compiled by the City Council, ^^ 

would lose fully eight million dollars in yearly revenue. If on May 1 the p 

saloons are closed, the city will suffer an additional loss of six jriillion ^ 
that was counted on in the appropriations. This gigantic decrement would have ft 

to be made up by taxes, imposed mostly on trades and business. This would . ^" 

result in a further rise in prices of food and other necessities. ^ 



Mr. Yenceslaus fiehHk stressed the real intentions that lie at the bottom of 
prohibitionist efforts. It does not essentially matter to them~particularly 
to William Jennings Bryan—whether saloons are open or alcohol is dispensed, 
or even whether they contribute to the delinquency of the habitual drunkard's 
family. They use these issues only as a screen to conceal their ultimate aims, 
io e., to usurp the power of government in all its branches, and to establish 
a dictatorial domination headed by such mountebanks and prevaricators as 
Bryan, Billy Sunday, and their consorts. 






I B 2 - 4 - BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

II D 1 Dennl ELasatel , Mar. 10, 1918. 
IV 

1^. Cyril Jandus declared that these explanations were on the right track. 
He enlarged upon them in pointing to the alarm with which prohibitionist 
women view the education of youth in our camp, while, as a rule, they them- 
selves expend their educational energies on the training of cats and dogs. rp 

After disposing of some routine business, the meeting was closed, o 



-o 

3» 



~o 



I B 2 BC!-o:i;jT 

rv 

Dennl Illasatel . ?eb. 17, 1918. 
UlTITJD i30ci:Tn:s 
(Sirmiary) 

The United Societies held a noetin^ in the Pl-:intsrs Hotel re-jently at i;hich -S 
representatives of the various national groups of Chicago reported on the 

preliminary/" work ucco.-nplishad for the iinpending battle against prohibitionist i^ 

action in this city.,,., <^ 

... -. ... ...... ........... ...... "^ 

The GOrjiittee on resolutions subnitted a motion to express congratulations to o;> 
.-jiton J. Certiiak, secratary of the I'nited societies, for the f^.vorable outco.-ae t: 
of his controversy with Judge ..illiam Ge:ru"iill» Complete confidence in the ^ 

manner in " hich llr« Cerrn.ak conducts business as chief bailiff of the luunicioal 
Court is voiced in the resolution. 

llr, Cermak responded in v;ords of v/holehearted gratitude for this manifestation, 



I B 2 - 2 - B0}I:2:LW 

17 

Denni Illas-itel , Feb, 17, 1913, 

adding that had Jud£:e Gerinill not been incited by certain people, \:hOf for 
sheer maliciousness v;ish to embarrass the bailiff's office, he v/ould not have 
demanded the investi-^'ition, 

A nxmicipal judges* investigating coix'.ittee exoner- ted J.lr. Cemak, as was ^ 

reported in an e'-irlisr issue of the Denni IHasatel. '^ 

• ■ r— 

-a 

CJ 

Co 
CD 

rsj 



I B 2 BOEEMIAN 

I F 3 

Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 8, 1918. 

. . Prohibitionist tactics7 

(Editorial) 

The prohibitionists declare that at least $100,000 will be needed for the ^ 

successful prosecution of the caii9>aign which aims at mopping Chicago dry. It ^ 

is not certain, at the present time, whether so much money will be needed. ^ 

The "wets" are surely doing their best to keep contributions down. They do ^ 

it by exposing forged signatures on the "dry" petition. ^ 

o 



rvj 



When the prohibitionists made an attempt a few years ago to "dry up" Chicago, 
they had several Lincolns, Washingtons, and Roosevelts on their petitions; also ^ 
numerous names known from history or otherwise, whose bearers have already de- 
parted from this wicked world or who never had the right to vote. Such names 
are likely to appear on the petition which is to be circulated now. Of those 
who are dead the prohibitionists may claim at least with some justification 
that they are really "dry". 



< 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 3 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 8, 1918. 

Incidentally, however, names of the sort Just described do not count, and if 
a sufficient number of them is discovered it may happen that there will be no ^ 
yoting on prohibition next April. In the reverse case, the liberal element ^ 
will have to make extreme efforts to win. The beating administered to the pro~ <=:. 
hibitionists must become so sound that they will lose any desire to make p 
Chicago dry for a long time to come. ^ 

"tto 

."CD 
1N> 






I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

I F 3 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 3, 1918. 

CZECH BRANCH OF UNITED SOCIETIE IN .MEETING 

The Czech branch of the United Societies held a meeting in the hall of Sokol 
Chicago last Thursday night. Considering the large number of members, the 
attendance might have been better. The bad weather and inadequate transporta- 
tion surely had something to do with this. fZ 

Since Mr. John Cervenka was detained, Mr. Joseph Bolek opened the meeting 5 
and was elected temporary chairman. He pointed out the danger in the activi- 
ties of prohibitionists and similar reformers. These elements filed petitions 
just recently demanding revocations of certain licenses, and also asked that 
a "dry" amendment be placed before the next session of the State legislature. 

The speaker warned that if the "dry" fanatics succeeded in their efforts, 
hardly a single one of our halls could be preserved for us, v/hich would mean 
the end of our social and national life. Another menace in prohibition 
looms, i.e., an increase of taxes by one hundred per cent. Our city is 
1^3,500,000 in debt, and this amount has to be paid. It can be dene only by 
taxation. A regular source of revenue from saloon licenses has been destroyed 



Co 

era 

ro 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMI/^N 

I F 3 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 3, 1918. 

by the closing of several hundred taverns, for which the rotten Thompson 
administration is to blame. If the prohibitionists win out, the taxpayers 
will have to foot an extra bill of |600,000. These are the prospects we 
have to face, V/ork and sacrifices v;ill be needed to forestall their 
realization. 

Alderman John Toman followed by characterizing certain leaders of the Juvenile 
Protective League. He singled out the Reverend Yarrow, Mnies. Rowland, llenford, 
Eowe-Britton, and De Witt, calling them barkers and liars in plain English. 
He substantiated his contentions beyond reasonable doubt. 

The first report of these stool pigeons concerned an entertainment held at 
the hall of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs on January 17. Tnese spies claim to have 
seen drunken boys and soldiers, half -naked girls sitting on the laps of young 
men, indecent dancing, and the sale of alcoholic beverages to soldiers and 
minors. All this could be seen even after midnight. Yet Idr, KUbik, president 
of the club Valley Rose, and, the rest of its members, swore that all these 
accusations were plain inventions. The police report also branded these spies 



<-> 

Co 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHSaAN 

I F 3 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 3, 1918. 

as corriraon, ordinary liars, declaring that there was not one drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor dispensed at that affair, and only nice people who enjoyed 
decent diversion were present. 

Another entertainment, in the hall at 3000 Union Avenue, v/as pictured in a 
similar light. V/hen they arrived, the snoopers said, drunken persons were 
being carried from the premises. One of those investigating ladies bought ^ 
two bottles supposed to contain cherry wine, but she is convinced that it was 
real winel Some of the girls, the sniffers claimed, poured beer from the 
gallery down upon the boys who were dancing; dancing couples fell on the floor, 
etc. The police report again states that the entertainment moved well within 
the limits of good behavior. It is a fact that a material share of the 
proceeds froin this entertainjiient went for the relief of relatives of victims 
of the "Fastland" disaster, and that the club counts highly respectable 
citizens among its members, as for instance, Messrs. Millburt, Stanek, Stock, 
and others. The club is known as a benefactor of the needy of the neighbor- 
hood. There was only one disturbance, and this was caused by a man who 
invaded the hall, but he was quickly driven out. This is according to the 
police report. 






-T-' 

3:> 



IBS - 4 - 303ISI.J.\IJ 

I F 3 

IV Denni lilaGatel , Feb. 5, 1918. 

Sinilar raportrj v/ere inade about tjie li'ort}! Side Turner Hall, The prohibi- 
tionist rabble evin denounced a policeman as beinr drunk, althou'-h lie has 
not toucjieJl into.cicants in any ford in liis ^/holo lifel 

The hei3ht of brazenner.s and shanelessness of" the "drys" v;as reached in a 

report on an entertaimient alleiiedl;- held at 1825 Itobey Street, v/hero glarin^^ -^ 

in'iecep.cies were perpetrated, Drinl-inis and various kinds of debauchery v/ere — 

rampant. The sni.'fers even "discovered" that there v;as one coirimon toilst r^ 

roon for both sexes, etc, J g 

ijid no;; listen to the official report issued by the captain of that police -j 
district an^I si.-nod by Chief of Police li, SchuttlerJ It reads: "There is A 
no dance hall at the place Mentioned, nor is there any at all in the entire 
neighborhood. The place referred to is occupied by a lirae pit one thousand 
feet deep, from v;hich that spot takes its name aroonf^ the iniiabitunts of the 
neighborhood, and v;hich is the property of the Illinois Lime and Crushed 
Stone Co J" 

This is certainly si{3nificant, is it not? .^id this set of notorious liars 



I B 2 - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 3 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 3, 1918. 

and rabble-rousers has the backing of all our English language dailies vdio 
support their, as best they can. 

Mr. Toman went on to say that the kind of services rendered by the Juvenile 
Protective League is best illustrated in the records of our State legislature, 

page 84, of the year 1915. A committee consisting mostly of "drys" issued % 

the following memorable statement: "So far as it is not under the juris- ^ 

diction of state, coxxnty, or municipal government, the Juvenile Protective F=. 

League of Chicago is an utterly insignificant body. The fact has been ^ 

established before the Juvenile Court, the Court of Domestic Relations, and r^ 

the Morals Court that the League has wrought more evil than it has done good, 2 
and the Chicago public would be better off without it." 



Notwithstanding the utterance of the highest legislative body of our State, 
the League is permitted to continue unhampered in its perpetration of absurd 
injustices. 

Mr. Toman* s address was wholeheartedly applauded. He was followed by 



CO 



I B 2 - 6 -• BOHEMM 

I F 3 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 3, 1918. 

Mr. Joseph Placek, vi&o urged the assembly to sacrifice and to work persistently 
in opposition to the fanaticism which constitutes a menace to all of us. He 
proposed that an agitation committee of nine members be formed to work out a 
program for future activities of the Czech bi'anch of the United Societies. ^ 
Mr. John Cervenka became chairman of this committee, and Mr. Anton J. Cerraak :;a 
an ex officio officer. The other members are Messrs. Placek, Princ, James Basta, ^. 
Mejda, and Mmes. Vilik, Statek, and Sedlak. p 



Contributions from various Czech organizations were handed over to Mr. Stastny, 
secretary of the branch. The amounts varied dovm to $2, the Sokol Chicago 
topping the list with $25. 

Further contributions are earnestly solicited. For reasons of economy, all 
notices within the organization and those to the public will be published 
through the Czech press. 









13 2 £Ojm.:i;>i; 

IV 

Denni Illasatel , Jan. 25, 1918. 

^: iLXORT.n::T i:ctic2 

v;e deem it our duty to call the attention of all voters to the agitiition of 
certain reforners v.-ho have naie it their tasl: to collect one hundred thousand 
si^jiatures on petitions for prohibition in our city. 3hould they succeed, i^ 
their propostion v;ill be placed upon the ballot and voted on in the next ^^ii. 
election. Their plan for the fight is about as follov;s: p 

-a 

Volvjiteers and paid agents are distributed c^ll over the city. They v/ill look o 
for voters v/ho have chanoOd their addresses or have obtained tLeir second -^ 
papers only recently. They v/ill offer t o acco:npany these people to the S 
central registration office, and then ask the::: to si^/n their "dry" petition, "-"• 



It behooves the taxpayers and citisens of our city to oppose this propaganda, 
which has proved inpractical and obnoxious wherever it has been put to a 



13 2 - 2 - ECKZi^IIAN 

lY 

Denni IRasatel . Jan. 25, 1918. 

test, and has added additional burdens to the oblir:ations of taxpayers. 

The liberal-minded eler.ient in our societies should do everything in its 
pov/er to cor.bat this infrincerient of the personal liberty of individuals. 



The only v/ay to resist these activities is to refuse to si^n the "dry" peti- 
tion, ohould the "drys" still succeed in bringin,-:: the question before the 
voters, then it is i:'iperative th^-t every .Tiitn znd v/oman r.anifest his or her 
V7ill throuGh the ballot. 2ead the official infomation very carefully: 



3» 



-D 



It is v/ise to point out that the appetite to ar^end our custor.s, as display- 
ed b:' these paid agitators, v;ill by no means be stilled even after the 
closing of saloons in Chica.ro. ITo, indeed, it will tend to render impossible :xi 
any entertairment given by our organizations if liquid refreshirients are 2 
dispensed there. ^ 






17 



[ - 5 - hoh:l.:lj3 

Denni Hlasatel , Jaa, ;]5, ltl8. 

translator's :iote: The information is "rinted in fullj^ 

iTor the united Jocietioa for Loc^l Jelf-Governrient : 

The :i:ecu.tive Corjraittee. 

j'or the Czech 3rai:ch of the liiited Jocieties: 

John -w. Cervenha, Chairnan. 
Joseph F, Bolek, ..cting oecretary. 



5 



TO 

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I B 2 BOHEIvHAI'I 

II ^ 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 16, 1917. 

OUR socrariEs 

(Editorial) 

The agitation of the enemies of our societies and clubs has begun again. Only 
this tiiae it is assuming a more threatening form, for the foes of our social 

activities are now addressing themselves to the State Council for National ^ 

Defense, This authority, as well as the chief of police and the aldermen, has .^ 

been informed that soldiers attend entertainments , xvhich in itself is neither p 

a harmful nor unlawful act. The soldiers are said, hov/ever, to be drinking ^ 

alcoholic beverages and are even said to have been seen intoxicated in many =o 

halls. This is a very serious matter, in view of the critical times, the re- ^ 

formers declare. The soldiers and sailors are forbidden by law to indulge in o 

alcohol while in uniform. The vendor of the liquor is subject to severe punish- ^ 
ment. 

The prohibitionists demand of the authorities that dance halls be closed. It 
xvould not surprise us if they succeeded in having them closed, Itlany rumors 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHSIJIitfJ 

II i^ 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 16, 1917. 

about the soldiers are exaggerated. 3uch rumors tend only to incite the 

public and the city council against our social activities, V/e hope that these 

activities v;ill remain undisturbed. The occasional outcries from the reformers 

against our entertainments should nevertheless have a salutory effect. They 

should v/arn ovmers to operate their places according to standards of decency, 

V/e are calling this to the attention of the Czech public because some of the :5 

halls on the black list are owned by Czechs, who v;ill do well not to trifle 3> 

with the authorities. '— 

f — 

o 

Co 
<=) 

fNO 

■ — I 



bci:j£:ian 



IV 

Denni lUasatel , Sept. 16, 1917. 

!.:eeti:c.i of iHn; Ui^iTiij oOCisTidis 

(Summary) 

The executive committee of the United Societies met in the Briggs House last 
Tiiursday af csr the suujner vacation, a. resolution was passed to send a protest 
to the city council acainst the proposed closing of dance halls and cabarets 
in vjhich intoxicating bevara^-^es are served, attorney Cyril Jandus, speaking 
for the Chicago Czechs, warned the gatherin-; a-^ainst the proposed measure. 
"The contention that the obnoxious ordinance •.vill 'purify' Lhe various places 
is only a pretense, a veiled threat to curtail personal liberty," he said. 
"The United Societies were founded to defend the right of anyone to drink his 
glass of beer whenever and wherever he pleases to do so.".... 

The press coraiaittee of the Societies, of which two Czechs, Joseph Stastny and 
J. A. Kospodsky, are also members, announced that a ::)re3s ca:ripai-:n against 

t 



13 2 - 2 - BQH3^!IAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Sept. 16, 1917. 



17 



prohibition has been launched Mr. Stastny suggested the establishment of 

a special press bureau viiich v-rauld supply all foreign lanr-uage oapers with the 
proceedings and resolutions of the United Societies. Tiiis proposal found 
\manir.ous favor. 

Judge Joseph Uhlir and Ix. Sinejkal were two other Czech members present. 
Mrs. Zenisek, also a Czech meaber of the co.a'r;ittee, vjas .^iven thanks for her 
excellent v;ork done in behalf of the Societies, 




I B 2 BOimiL^T 

I B 1 

I G Dennf Hlasatel . Sept, 4, 1917, 

TiiiONG ON RE.^ON 
^%iti-Tobacco Movement /ifoot/ 

(3ditorial — Sunuaary) 

"Many indications tend to show that the fanaticism of the prohibitionists 
has reached a climax, and that a gradual decrease in that sentiment is on 
its way. The trend is now turning back toward personal liberty. Those 
drastic laws which destroyed decent and legitimate business and replaced 
it with shady and illegal transactions have created a reaction by v/hich 
the people can justly profit,,,.. 

There is, however, a new movement afoot to prohibit the use of tobacco in 
any form, ^-igain those freakish pastors are at work. Just as they are in 
the foreground acclaiming prohibition, they are decrying any enterprise 
which identifies itself viith progress. Those good men do not stand up for 
peace and well-being of the people; they are only *good to themselves*. 




I B 2 - 2 - BOIGIt.IIi\N 

,1 B 1 
I G Dennl HLasatel , Sept. 4, 1917, 

They are trying to gfiin control over the people and use prohibition as a 
means to that end. 

The head of the Non-ciaokers * Protective League of America submitted to 
President Vi'ilson a proposal asainst the distribution of tobacco in any form 
among soldiers and asked for the diversion of tobacco fields to the cultiva- 
tion of grain and other victuals. This document declares that the distri- 
bution of tobacco among array men is a crime and accuses the American Red 
Cross of being an accessory to it... .Pastor Cannon, chairman of the national 
legislative ccMnmittee of the Anti-Saloon League, is one of the chief agita- 
tors of the lobby which has been making life miserable for many of our 
congressmen. ...Many influential American nev/spapers now openly criticise 
the activities of the 'drys*. This is highly gratifying to us, indeed. 
Sound reasoning is slowly coming into its own....." 




V_c 



13 2 30H:iII.!L\IT 

I G 

Denni Ilia sat el . Jxay 29, 1917. 

^noHi3iTioin:sT tactics/ 

(Editorial) 

/m unsoiind, pernicious petition is beinc circ\ilated in V/ashington, D, C, 
by the prohibitionists. In this document the "drys" frankly adiiit that 
there is only one neans of introducing their refon.as into the law — that 
is to interpolate them as part of the laws that govern the sale of food. 
Propositions concerning these laws are being debated in Congress now. No 
other v.'ay reinains open to bring the issue of prohibition before the body, 
for it cannot be presented on its own merits. 

By incorporating the "dry" question with the question of pure food, the 
prohibitionists practically force the citizens to vote for the measure, un- 
less they prefer to see the vote on the whole proposition delayed. That is 
precisely the aim of the food profiteers. Prohibition cannot be placed be- 
fore Congress as a financial war measure, for its introduction v/ould be too 
costly and vay out of proportion v/ith the possible savings, /o 



5 m. 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHB?.lIAgT 

Dennl Illasatel, Jtay 29, 1917. 



I G 



Prohibitionist tactics such as these are typical of the policy of the "dry" 
party. Concressnea and Senators who really care to see Uncle Sam succeed 
in his undertakings in these critical times shoiild be aware of the implica- 
tions of such tactics. 



UJ 



mk 



i I B 2 BOKE!.Ji\IT 

Demi Klasatel , July 28, 1917, 

\HiSR^ TIISY 3R2J BI2CR 

(GuinLiary) 

"I'llhere They 3rev/ Beer, There It Is V.'ell to Live!" It riust have been a vague 
musical prerioaition tliat whispered into the ears of four Chicafp detectives 
that they v/ere on the ri,7ht track v/'ien they leisurely sauntered upon the premises 
whence issued the strains of the vif^orous old Czech drinkinf^ song. It v;as in 
the Filsen Bre\very Park, ^llbany Avenue and 26th Street, where a imiltitude of 
members, male and female, of the Cesko-^imericti Lesnici (Order of Czech-Zimerican 
Foresters) with countless friends, had gathered for a picnic on Sunday, June 22 
of this year. As if guided by a clue — an art perfected by years of assiduous 
exercise — the foxir plain-clothes laen automatically found themselves in front of 
a bar where Ilessrs. Vojta Sindelar and 2mil Yicha catered v/ith great zeal and 
dignity to the thousands v/ho sought relief from the heat. 

One of the sleuths ordered a full size stein. A few Lioments later he was smack-^ 
ing his lips, rubbing his tummy, and rolling his eyes. Another detective also^ 



I B 2 - 2 - BOimgAN 

Denni Hlasatel , July 28, 1917. 

ordered a stein; then, all four displayed their stars and invited Messrs* 
Vicha and Sindelar to follow them to the station, there to be booked for 
violation of the Sxmday closing law. <'It*s near-beer!" the bartenders protested. 
"It*s the real stuff I" retorted the sleuths They also extended their in- 
vitation to Mr. Zigmund Chobotsky, chief forester of the Order, and to ISr, Jan 
Budilovsky, his aid. To make tha party merrier, they also took the private 
park watchman along. 

The company was joined by IiJr. Vaclav E. llarek, formerly a deputy bailiff of the 
municipal court, who volunteered to furnish the bail; but when the prisoners 
arrived at the police station on 23rd and Robey Streets, Llarek was declared 
xmder arrest himself. The police claimed that he had "become fresh with them," 

and they wanted to assert their authority The comedy closed with only Marek's 

and Vicha* s being booked and finally bailed out after police had denied them 
that right for several hours. 

The case came up before Judge ^Villiam Gemmill of the municipal court, whose per- 
sonal bailiff Marek had once been. The defendants claimed that it was near-bet 



V? 









I B 2 - 3 - BOHHagAN 

Denni laasatel . July 28, 1917. 

Detective Dalesky, one of the officers in the raid, declared it v/as genuine 
Olympia brew. The verdict of the court was not guilty, but the question of 
whether near-beer or Olympia brew was served at the Czech-American Foresters' 
picnic still remains unsolved 




I B 2 BOHETCTAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , July 22, 1917, 

OUT? SOCIAL ACTIVITIES JSOPAHDIZSD 

(Sximraary of Editorial) 

Rumor has it that the State* s attorney, together with the sheriff and the 
county board, intends to extend the enforcement of the S\mday closing law 
over the entire area of Cook County. Communities such as Cicero, Lyons, 
and Stickney will certainly not be elated over this prospect; their local 
governments are, we are glad to state, by far too liberal-minded to lend 
themselves to the prosecution of violators. The season for picnics is only 
half over. Many clubs and societies, depending on profits made at their 
picnics, would consider it a heavy blow to their main source of income if 
the blue law were forced upon them. 




I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . June 16, 1917. 

UNITED SOCIETIES HONOR A. J. CERMAK 

(Suimnary) 

In a festive meeting held in the Planter's Hotel, the anti-prohibitionist ^ 

United Societies re-elected Mr, Anton J, Cermak secretary and presented him :< 

with a beautiful watch in recognition of his services during his ten years p 

as secretary of the organization, ^ 

3D 



I B 2 BOHEI^I/iN 

II E 3 

I H Dennl Hlasatel , May 28, 1917. 

IV 

T/fflLFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION OF THE UNITED SOCIETIES 
Czech Ladies ,Vin Special Recognition 

(Summaiy) 

V/icker Park Hall, Milwaukee and Grand Avenues, was the scene of the tv/elfth 
annual convention of the United Societies yesterday afternoon. Mr. Kramer, 
the presiding officer, pointed out that it was the United Societies which 
thwarted almost every attempt of the prohibitionist element to restrict 
personal liberty by means of lav;s, etc There were 974 delegates repre- 
senting 1,079 societies. 

i»Ir« nnton J. Cermak, secretary, read the annual report, which shows an increase 
in membership to 253,203 in 1,099 societies and corporations. 

Judge Joseph Uhlir of the Municipal Court, speaking from the experience which 
he gained during four years on the bench, declared that most of the cases 



5 



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I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II E 3 

I H Denni Hlasatel , May 28, 1917, 

IV 

before the Morals' Court originated in the large hotels located downtoim, 
where hundreds of girls are being intoxicated and then seduced. Not a single 
similar case of delinquency among girls frequenting the decent Czech, German, 
or Polish halls has been brought before his court as yet. If anything can be 
done to protect the young women, then the first step should be taken against 
the big places in the Loop. The speaker urged a change in the system of 
dealing with girls who are on the wrong path. A special institution should 
be created for these girls, because the jail has a decidedly bad influence 
upon their characters. "Demands in this direction up to this time have had ^ 
the effect of a voice in the desert," the Judge declared in conclusion. 



3> 



c:? 



Mr, Leopold Neumann, organizer of the Societies, in making his report, paid 
special tribute to the activities of our Czech ladies. He maitioned Mrs, Velik 
and Mrs, Zenisek as particularly ardent members. 

A resolution against the Bismarck Garden and Bismarck Hotel, submitted by the 
bailiffs' organization, was referred to the executive committee. It contained 






I B 2 - 3 - BOHSMIiiU 

II E 3 

I H Denni Hlasatel , May 28, 1917, 

IV 

the statement that the above-mentioned corporation steadfastly refuses 
to deal with union labor and the United Societies, 

Judge Bernard Barasa of the IJunicipal Court declared that though certain 
people resented his membership in the United Societies, he felt that he 
adhered strictly to the law in all his decisions, and that he could not be 
biased by nationality, color, creed, or political party; also that no group 
of female reformers could make him swerve from his principles. 

Alderman John Toman took issue with the Barbour bill, which he terms a 
"corpse which has been buried ten times and dug out as often again". As the 
City Council was unable to do anything with it, some people carried it to 
the State Legislature, There are at this time twelve "wet" members on the 
license committee, and so the Barbour bill remains but a scarecrow. The 
petition against nation-wide prohibition has been signed by fifty aldermen. 
Seventeen refused to sign, and three v;ere absent. Alderman Toman stated. 



3= 



<..) 

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I B 2 - 4 - BOIJEMIAN 

II E 3 

I H Denni Hlasatel , May 28, 1917, 

IV 

Czech corporations and societies will be represented in the executive 
committee by the following Czech-;imericans: John A. Cervenka, Joseph Placek. 









I B 2 BOHEIflAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel. l^y 13, 1917. 

/TSE. prohibitionist PATRI01B7 

(Editorial) 

The worst patriots are the prohibitionists, for they are trying to use the 
war, and to take advantage of the crisis in our country in order to spread 
their propaganda. Thus they create domestic unrest and obstruct the path 
of social progress. 




I B 2 
I G 



BOHSI.IIAN 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 26, 1917, 

(iiditorial) 

Attenpts are being made to take tobacco fron the soldiers. No 
wonder, iVe know that America is the land of freedom, and of all 
progress. For this reason, we would not be surprised if the 
government should offer them a substitute for everything smokable, 
chewing gum. 



I B 2 BOHHyjAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 31, 1915. 

IT ..ILL bh: hard going 

(Editorial Comment) 

Our prohibitionists are having a difficult time securing a sufficient number ^ 

of signatures for their petition to put the question of a dry Chicago on the .^ 

small ballot. So far they have only a small fraction of the required number, p 

and it is a big question wrtiether some of those who have signed are not just 'i;! 

having some fun at the prohibitionists* expense. At any rate, it would appear ^ 

so, because among the signatures there are about a dozen Roosevelts, a multi- ^ 

tude of Billy Sundays, several Carter H. Harrisons, Bryans, and .Vilsons, and, ^ 

no doubt, many dead people and many who will have to let a number of years J>l 
elapse before they will be old enough to have a legal vote that will influence 
the future of Chicago as to its dryness or humidity. 

Once before the drys circulated such a petition. A careful scrutiny of it how- 
ever, has shown that the majority of the signatures were "phony," and that many 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlaaatel . Dec. 31, 1915. 

people who had signed it wanted to liave their little joke at the prohibitionists* 
expense. The same will, most likely, be the case with the present petition, and -^ 
the prohibitionists had better secure at least twice as many signatures as they 5 
need to make sure there will be enough left after they are sifted. ci. 

r- 

-o 

TO 
O 

CO 

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I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1915. 

SS7EN NEV/ STATJjS DRY" 

The people of six Western states and one Southern state v;ill receive a New 
Year's gift they will have reason to remember with bitterness for many years, 
and nobody can tell how long it will take before they get back their personal 
liberty. Six Western states having a population of 8,254,043 will become dry ^ 
on New Year'^'. Day, and tomorrow is the last day that beer and other alcoholic 
beverages v/iH be sold there. These states are Iowa, Colorado, Washington, 
Idaho, Oregon; and Arkansas. The Southern state is South Carolina, which 
will also join the dry states January 1, 1916. What results this drying up 
of six prosperous states, some of which are just beginning to enjoy real de- 
velopment and progress, will have is easy to imagine. One immediate result 
will be that many thousands of people will lose their emplo^itient , thousands 
of families will be reduced to a state of privation, and many million dol- 
lars' worth of business will be lost. That will be the immediate result of 
prohibition, but other results will follow soon and will cause a cessation 
of the rapid tempo of progress of these states, the development of business 



y> 



c; 



IBS - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1915. 

will be retarded, and thousands of people about to make their homes in these 
comparatively new states will avoid them. This applies, in the first place, 
to the immigrants. Lnmigrants do not like to settle in states where the per- 
sonal liberty of citizens is restricted in that way, and some of the states 
mentioned are among those in which a new, steady flow of immigrants was being 
expected, and where they are otherwise offered many advantages. In Oregon, 
Washington, and in some parts of Colorado and Arkansas, there is a ^reat deal ^ 
of comparatively inexpensive land suitable for settlement, and a very large ^^ 
number of our coxmtrymen who live there enjoy a high degree of prosperity. p 
These will certainly not welcome their New Year's donation, it may discourage 
many of those who expected to go West, and, all in all, nobody can maintain -t 
that the introduction of such laws can do these states any good, 

Iowa is the only one of the older states that expects to enjoy complete prohi- ,,-' 
bition after New Year's. A degree of prohibition is not new to Iov»a. It has 
been rather dry for many years. Since its original enactment, many laws have been 
passed modifying some aspects of it, mitigating its unfortunate effects upon 



I B 2 - 3 - B0H2MIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 30, 1915. 

the population. One of them was the so-called "Mulct Law" permitting the 
sale of alcoholic beverages, and after its enactment sixteen breweries were 
built in Iowa. This law was recalled a year ago and Iowa reverts to the 
state in which it was many years ago when its first prohibition law was put 
on the statute books. The first effect of this law will be that ths sixteen 
breweries will be closed by tomorrow night, and 136 saloons will be put out ^ 
of existence. Eleven breweries and 1600 saloons will be ruined in Colorado; 2 
many of the latter were in summer resorts where local option was not in force -z. 
and enjoyed a good deal of prosperity. After New Year's no alcoholic bever- F 
ages will be sold in Colorado, except on a physician's prescription, but at ^ 
least for a time after that day the state will not be fully dry. It is re- o 
ported that the people of Colorado have been laying in supplies of alcoholic ^ 
beverages for several weeks, and that miners and ranchers are taking out with S 
them whisky in barrels so that they will not go thirsty when the lights in <^ 
the saloons are put out for good. Also, drurrists are laying in supplies of 
wine and whisky so that they may have something to sell on doctors' prescrip- 
tions, a method which, at least at the beginning, v/ill be the easiest one by 



I B 2 - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 30, 1915, 

which to evade the law. So, Colorado will have some wine and some whisky 

for those who comply with the law and get a doctor's prescription, but the 

most harmless of alcoholic beverages, beer, will be most difficult to get 

in dry Colorado. The tame undoubtedly applies to all the other states where 

prohibition comes into effect Saturday. It will be much easier for the people 

to buy whisky which, as is always the case in dry states and districts, will 

be of the worst kind imaginable, and thus prohibition, instead of promoting ^ 

temperance, will result in excessive drinking of hard liquor of a quality mors ^ 

likely to be injurious to human health. ?= 

Oregon will most likely have its prohibition on paper only, and its drying-up ^ 
will result in people's paying more for beer and other alcoholic beverages £ 
than before because they will have to order them from other states. This is ^ 
also likely to cause the consumption of inferior liquor because there will be ^j 
no choice and the people .vill have to drink what they are sent. The new pro- 
hibition law of Oregon premits every family to order twenty- four quarts of 
beer and two quarts of wine or liquor every four weeks. Some Oregon liquor 



tr 



I B 2 - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1915. 

dealers v/ill move to California and send their goods to their former home 
state by express. Undoubtedly, also, most of the beer will go to Oregon 
from California. 

The closing of saloons in the state of Washington tomorrow will be accom- 
panied by the hope that it will not be forever. The prohibition law will 
be submitted to the popular vote next November, and the liberal people hope 

that ten months* experience with prohibition will be enough to make every- -n:. 

body vote against it. They have thus a trial prohibition, and the ten F 

months' trial should convince everybody of its unsoundness. The nev/ prohi- ^ 

bition laws of Idaho and Arkansas are particularly strict and will be hard o 

to circumvent. Arkansas has a penalty of one year in the penitentiary for ^ 

violation of the prohibition law, and, to make matters worse, the judges are ^ 

not permitted to suspend or other.vise mitigate the sentence. f 

General prospects for the future are by no means encouraging. Including 
South Carolina and Virginia, where prohibition will po into effect November 1 



3> 



I B 2 - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1916. 

next year, there will be nineteen dry states and a number of others in grave 
danger of becoming so. The prohibition question will be voted upon next year 
in Nebraska, South Dakota, Michigan, Vermont, California, and Alaska, and 
possibly a few more. Sverytilnj points to the fact t'lat the prohibition wave 
is growing, which, by the way, the people in Chicago have experienced. Our 
dry Sundays made the bef^:inning, and our prohibitionists hope that thay will 
succeed in drying up Chicago for good by the April elections. It is quite "2 
certain that this will not be the case, but what is going on in other states '=; 
and cities should be a warning to our people to be constantly on the alert, p 



* 



CO 



• I B 2 BOHS!.nj\N 

• I F 2 

■ I F 3 Denni Hlasatel, Dec. 18, 1915. 
' IV 

UNITED SOCrSTDlS PREPARES P3TITI0N 

Mr. Anton J, Cermak, in his capacity as secretary of the United Civic Societies 
of Chicago, declared yesterday that, shortly after New Year's, petitions would 
be put into circulation for presentation to the election commission, asking to 
have put on the •♦small ballot" at the April election the question whether cities 
should be given the authority to regulate their own afiairs in regard to saloons, S 
including the question of closing them on Sundays. The petition will require D^ 
about 170,000 signatures, the same number as are necessary for the petition of 
the drys for the complete abolition of saloons in Chic-jgo, VThile the prohibition- 
ists will have trouble in securing the necessary number of signatures of registered 
voters, it is certain that the liberal element will in two or three weeks have more 
them than are needed. The question that the United Civic Societies want to see on 
the ballot— and since they wants, they will get it — reads like this: 

"Should the State legislature amend the law regarding the administration of cities 
and towns so that cities and towns availing themselves of that privilege would 



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I F 


3 


\ 


IV 





- 2 - BCBEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 18, 1915. 

have the right to make their own regualtions concerning saloons, Including the i» 

closing of saloons on Sunday?" ^ 

I — 

The result of the voting on this question will not, of course, compel the legis- ^ 
lature to pass a law of that kind, but the large majority of ballots with votes £ 
in favor of such a law vd.ll influence not only the State legislature but also *co 
the City administration. City autonomy and the closing of saloons on Sundays C3 
will be among the principal matters with which the coming session of legislature 
will deal. The United Civic Societies will recuire every candidr-te for the 
office of alderman to make a definite and binding statanent concerning his 
standpoint on these questions. 



CJt 



I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1915. 
IV 

THE MAYOR RAGES ON 

The nearer the day of the Sunday demonstration of the United Civic Societies 
is, the greater becomes the nervousness of "Big Bill," former cowboy vnho, 
by dispensation of the liberal-minded citizens of Chicago has become the ^ 
Mayor of our metropolis. How he will carry on v.hen he sees the iinmense .^ 
parade Sunday it is difficult to imai/ine. No doubt he now realizes that he fZ 
has dug for himself his own political grtive, and before he lies dovm in it, irl 
he certainly will treat the Chicago citizens to a series of true cowboy =t; 
stunts. 



Yesterday Liayor Thompson sent to every municipal judge a letter attacking 
Superior Judge Olson, who had dared to refuse his demand to take steps toward 
depriving the chief bailiff of the municipal court, Anton J. Cermak of his 
office, and on top of that, ridiculed him, the mayor, for his prohibition 
fits. On that occasion, Judge Olson had something to say about sots playing 
"prohibition". 



CO 

c 



I B 2 - 2 - 

II B 1 c (3) 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1915. 

IV 

The Mayor, in his letter, requested the judges to take under consid- 
eration, in their next inonthly meetings, the acti"vities of Chief Bailiff 
Cerraak, the leader of the liberal-minded element of Chicago, and the actions 
of Superior Judge Olson, who evidently approves of Lir, Cermak's attitude, 
"Big Bill" offers municipal- judges these suggestions: 

"The judges should take into consideration the question as to v.hether or not 
the municipal bailiff may be trusted vjith the proper discharge of his duties 
in regard to tht: enforcement of the law requiring the closing of saloons on 
Sundays, in view of his publicly knoxwn attitude, 

"If Bailiff Anton J. Cermak»s point of view has the approval of Judge Olson, 
the least the judges of the municipal court should do is to adopt in their 
meeting the rule that no cases of trt-.nsgresiion of that lavj should be heard 
in Judge Olson's court." 

Copies of this interesting letter, which again indicates the extent of the 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHEUIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1915. 
IV 

Mayor's ra^e v.hen he realizes that what v.as to put him at the zenith 
of his political power ana glory has become the instrument of his political 
death, ivere handed to Judge Olson and all judges of the municipal court 
yesterday at five o'clock in the evening. 

Judge Olson got a big "kick" out of the letter. Said he: "This letter 
reminds me of the letters v.e used to receive from Hadrian H. Baker, who 
was later indicted for r.olesting judges and other officials by sending 
thera letters. Every time I see a fat envelope or a long letter, I suspect 
something of that kind. There is a rule in my office according to v.hich all 
fat envelopes are put in £. certain place and opened and read by my bailiff, 
because I do not care to waste my own time that way. This fat envelope was 
one of those few that have been made exceptions of; because it carried the 
stcinp of the Uayor's office, I thought it might be something or greater im- 
portance. 

"The whole affair is nothing but a cheap political trick of a man who took 



IBS - 4 - BOIEllL'ilT 

II 3 1 c (3) 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 5, 1015. 
17 

several nonths to decide tirt he v:as f-oinr: to enforce the lav;. It 
is an attempt to put ne under suspicicn of beiir: not interested in the en- 
forcenent of the lav;. Ever since the establishnent of the municipal court 
nine years ago, all its judres hav3 considered the Suau;iy suloon-closine la'// 
valid and have been instructing th3ir juries accordingly. 



CJ 



The next re£;ular monthly meeting of the jud,ees v/ill be h;.ld IJcvember 2G, but ~* 
it is possible that Judce Olson .vill call a special meeting prior to that 
date, at v/hich the Layer's letter v;ill be discussed and the proper reply to p 
hLn; drafted. 

It may safely be expected that I.li*, Germak also v/ill react properly to the ^ 
lIayor*s att-'iclc. Said he yesterday, ./hen he heard about that letter, but 
prior to reading it: "As soon as I have rea;! the letter I shall isbue a public 
stotement md shall try to mnke quick v/ork of 'cleaning up* on the Layor. VJhen 
he reads my letter, he v;ill either jump out of his ov/n hide or — out of the City 
Eall. I have 3e?irned various taints about him v/hich I have so far hesitated to tell 



I B 2 - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 C (3) 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1915. 
IV 

the public, but I shtll not keep them to myself any longer. He 
will get a reply that will roalce hin wish he had never touched this matter. 
The weapon he is wielding will be knocked out of his hand and it will bash 
his own skull." ^, 



Mayor Thompson's new attack is aimed not only against liir. Cermak and Judge 
Olson, but also against all the liberal-minded people of Chicago. These 
will give him their answer on Suncay, and it is certain that that answer, 
which will be in the form of an immense, stately demonstration, will quiet 
him dovvH for good. The Bohemians will be represented in the parade in pro- 
portion to their numerical strength in the city and the strength of their 
conviction that their city must be administered according to principles of 
personal liberty anc: autonomy'. All our associations have requested their 
members to assemble in front of their meetinc places shortly after noon next 
Sunday; from there they will march to the place v.here the parade will be 
formed. Every member should be there. The interest of their own association 
anG the interest of our own city requires their presence. 



r— 









I B 2 - 6 - BOH^NtTi^N 

II B 1 c (3) 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 3, 1915, 
IV 

Nobody should be discouraged from participation because of the 
circuiastance that the Mayor has refused to viev; the parade. The citizens, 
men and women, in the parade, will, by his absence, be spared the embar- 
rasoinent of being reviewed in march by the man whonx they have helped to ^ 
elect, whose promises they had trusted, and who has deceived them in such ^ 
a shameful way. V/hen "Big Bill" could review the diminutive parade of the .^ 
prohibitionists, half of which was composed of children, he should consider i^ 
it his duty as the Mayor to attend a demonstration in which at least fifty tT. 
thousand men and women, all Chicago citizens, will take part. But his %x 
absence will not be regretted by any one of them, ^ 

' o 
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I 



I B 8 BOHBagAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

17 Demnl Hlaaatel . Nov. 1, 1915. • 

CIVIC SOCIETIES INVITE MAYOR TO PARAEE 

Mayor Thonqpson was yesterday given an invitation to attend and see the parade 

organized by the United Civic Societies of Chicago as a protest against the ^ 

Mayor's order to close saloons on Sundays. The letter of invitation sent to ^ 

the Mayor was signed by the Civic Societies* president, George Landau, and <:v 

the secretary, Anton J. Cezmak, and reads as follows: p 

"The United Civic Societies of Chicago is organizing a parade for autonomy and g 
personal liberty which will start Sunday, November 8, at 2:00 P.M. Preparations ^ 
are being made for the erection of a platform on V^ashington Street directly in ^ 
front of the City Hall. We present, herewith, an invitation to you and the t^ 
members of your cabinet to review this parade. We assure you that we shall greatly 
appreciate it if you will honor us by your presence on the platform " 

Seventy-five new instances of violation of the order were reported by the police 
yesterday, but all these are unimportant cases and there is no doubt that the 



I B 2 - 2 - BQHEIMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

IV Dannl Hlasatel, Nov, 1, 1915. 

Mayor, idio so far has not found any case serious enough to be punished by loss 
of license, will also do nothing in these cases**.** 

2^an8lator*snote: Thirteen names of Bohemian saloonkeepers ndio are among the 
seventy-fiTt^ are omitted in translatioi^ 



C- 



IBS BOHSMIAH 

II B 1 C (3) 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 29, 1915. 

IBS (Slovak) 

PARADE OF THE Ulv^ITSD CIVIC SOCIETIES 
A Call to All Bohemian Assoc iations and 
Friends of Personal Liberty 



It is therefore our duty to attend and participate in this parade to the last 
man 

The Sokol organizations from the whole city will assemble in front of the hall 
of the Sokol Pilsen on Ashland Avenue and 18th Street at 12:30 P. M« 



'J 



Sunday, November 7, has been selected by the United Civic Societies of Chicago -^: 

as the day on which a demonstration for personal liberty will take place. It ['_'. 

will be a huge parade, the purpose of which is to show the strength of the -^ 

liberal element in this city to the prohibition fanatics and convince them -j 

that Chicago people will not have a few deluded individuals tell them how to ^ 

organize their lives and their social customs J 



I B 2 - 2 - BOEaMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

17 Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 29, 1915, 

I B 2 (Slovak) 

The Bohemian Catholic organizations from the whole city will 
meet in front of the Cesko-Anglicka Svobodna Skola (Bohemian-liinglish Free 
Thought School) on 18th and May Streets at 12:30 P, M, 

Other organizations, associations, and clubs will assemble on Blue Island 
Avenue, between 16th and 18th Streets, at 12:30 P. M 

It is absolutely essential that all participants be on time. The parade will 
start marching punctually at 1:00 P. M,, and there will be absolutely no 
waiting for those who are late. 

Information concerning other details of and preparations for the parade will 
be gladly given by Mr. Josef Placek at 2333 South Kedzie Avenue, telephone, 
Rockwell 2199, or by the secretary of the organizing committee, Mr. Otto T. 
Pergler, at 1808 South Avers Avenue, telephone, Lawndale 9738. 

CountrymenJ Let us show the world that the Bohemians are always first when it 



; ) 






I B 2 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 C (3) 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Oct, 29, 1915. 

I B 2 (Slovak) 

is a question of protecting and promoting freedom and personal 
liberty: 

For the Ceske Odvetvi Sdruzenych Spolku Pro Mistni Samospravu (Bohemian Section 
of the United Civic Societies), 

John A. Cervenka, president; 

" Anton J, Cermak, secretary. 



I — 
( — 



-n 



rs3r 
CJ1 



I B 2 BQEatlM 

II B 1 c (3) 

IV Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 27, 1915. 

BOHSf-IlAN PR2PARATI0N3 FOR LI32RAL DEMONSTRATION 

A meeting of officers and representatives of Bohemian associations was held last 
night in the Pilsen Park pavilion. The meeting was called for the purpose of 
making preparations for a huge parade of protest against the action of Iteiyor 
Thompson ^n closing the saloons on Sunda^^. The parade will take place Novem- 
ber 7, that is, a week from next Sunday. 

The meeting was attended by about seven hundred delegates and officers of Bo- 
hemian organizations and was presided over by Mr. John A. Cervenka. 

After the discussion of various proposals offered bjr those present, a committee 
was appointed /composed of seven men and two women/ which will work out a plan 
of action. 

The meeting expressed full confidence in the secretary of the United Civic 
Societies, Mr. Anton J. Cermak, and nominated a resolutions committee which was 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 
IV Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 27, 1915. 

charged with the drafting of a resolution containing a proper expression of that 
confidence. This resolution will be published in all our newspapers. 

It is unnecessary to say that the meeting properly condemned Mayor Thompson* s 
action. No effort will be spared to give a forceful expression to this con- 
demnation by the largest possible participation of Bohemian organizations and 
Bohemians in general in the parade. So far fifty associations have promised 
to participate, and it is desirable that all others indicate their agreement 4 
to participate in this great demonstration. 



•3» 



o 






I B 2 BOHSIIIAIJ 

17 

Dennl laasatel , Oct. 20, 1915. 

TllOraPSOII AGiUNST CSRIoAK 
"Big Bill" Considers Cerraak His iiost 
Dangerous Foe 

hJayoT Thonpson returned to Chicago yesterda;/. At the Union Depot he was 
■welcomed bj city enployees, ordered to be there, ministers, and prohibition 

fanatics v;ho escorted him in qLott/ through streets or the business district ^ 

of the city. IJany autojiobiles v;ere covered with slogans praising the Mayor ^ 

for his decree closins saloons on Sundays, proclaiming him savior of our ^ 

city, a man who would br>ive anything in order to enforce the laws. C 

The parade marched into Cohan's Grand Opera House, v:here the Sabbath fana- 2 
tics held a meeting. They, of course, gave Thompson an enthusiastic wel- ^ 
come there, and all their leaders spoke extolling the Lliayor for closing 
the saloons. 

Then Thonpson mounted the platform and read a docuraent in which he attacked 






I B 2 - 8 - BOHK.T.iN 

17 

Denni laasatel . Oct. 20, 1915. 

Anton J. Ceiraak, calling him to the attention of municipal judges, and 
suggesting that they take action against him; accusinc: him of failure 
to do his duty, and urging him to resign frou his office of Chief Bailiff 
of the LIunicipal Court in case he should refuse to enforce the law. 

Iviayor Thompson's docuiiient is of such a character that its whole text 

should be made public. It is something quite unique in the history of ^ 

our city and will help our public, whose opinion has lately been turning J 

against the :Iayor, to know "Big Bill" in all his littleness. Head 

Thompson: -- 

-o 

"Being asked by the organization carrying the name of United Civic So- § 

cieties of Chicago to state ny personal opinions and my intentions in ^ 

case I sho\ild be elected mayor, I immediately gave the organisation a S 

written statej.ient in which I expressed my personal views. It was nothing "^ 
else than an expression of private opinion. I did not bind myself by 
that statement to abstain from enforcing the law in accordance xvith ray 



I B 2 - 3 - 30H2I>ILAI.^ 

rv 

Deimi Hlasatel . Oct. 20, 1915. 

oath of the office. 

"rjhat a man likes or dislikes is of no consequence if it is against the 
law which a public officer has sworn to enforce. It is not the function 
of the chief executive of a city to enact or repeal laws, but to enforce 
thera. 

"I am, and I have alv;ays been, in favor of city autonoiny. The only way 
the people caii secure good adniniet ration, truly liberal govemriient , 
govemjnent of personal liberty, covemi.ent of equal rights, is honest 
enforcement of the law by public officials. 






o 






"'.Vhen Anton J. Cerrnak, the secretary of the club knoivn as the United Civic 
Societies, or anybody else, ever thought he could force me to disregard ^^ 
my duties, the duties I have sxvom to perform to the best of my ability, 
he was ignorant of my conception of public duty. 






I B 2 - 4 - BOHKT>aAN 

IV 

Denni HI as at el . Oct. 20, 1915. 

"llr. Gemak's attacks directed against ne because I do itv"- duty are in- 
excusable, particularly because he himself, as the chief bailiff of 
the IJunicipal Court, has sworn to obey the lav;, Kis action in attack- 
ing the Layor of Chicago because the hlayor is enforcing the law is 
detrimental to free govenLTient. I'x, Cerraak is harming the people whose 

representative he professes to be. 

s 

"I refuse to believe Lir. Gerir.ak's statement t-at the men and women who ^ 
are members of fraternal societies organized for their ovm good would 
require the mayor of Chicago to neglect duties he has sworn to perform 
and vjhich are prescribed by the la;v. 



■a 



"Irir. Cermakl Because j/ou, as an officer of the LXinicipal Court, have ^ 
made a public request that a public official violate the oath of his I^ 

office, and because that request of yours is detrimental to the repu- 
tation of the Municipal court, you should either retract your state- 
ment containing that request and give the public the assurance that 



I B 2 - 5 - Boin^r.rrAii 

17 

Dennl Illasatel . Oct. EO, 19113. 

you yourself will obey the law, or resign your office of Chief Bailiff 
of the LIunicipla Court so that Chicago may be spared the odivim of having 
in its courts an official who publicly requests public officers to neglect 
their sworn duties. 

"I an calling on Ilarry Olson, the Chief Justice of the Municii)al Court, 

to take notice of the statements made by Mr. Cenaak, an officer of his $ 

Court, and to ask the judges of that Court to take such steps in this 

matter as they may see fit. 



-o 



"I make this request because the question as to whether or not a public -o 

official should enforce the lav; in accordance with his sworn duty is not o 

a question of v/hat he likes or dislikes, it is not a question of the wet Lo 

and the drys; it is not a question of personal opinion. It is a question '^ 

of law and order. .'^ 

"Therefore, men and women who believe that lai; and order should be upheld 



I B 2 - 6 - BOHEtvUAN 

IV 

Denni iaasatel . Oct. 20, 1915. 

must join hands and stand united against the enenies of society, no matter 
who these enemies nay be, in case they request public officials to neglect 
duties thej'' have sworn to perform." 

The attack on l-i*. Cerriiak and his accusation to Judge Olson, as v;ell as 

the inflating of all the judges of the iJunicipal Court against hir, Certaak 

are characteristic methods of "Big Bill". i 



-o 



A3 it happened, Uir. Geimak was not in Chicago yesterday. He '.vas in i^ntioch, — 

Illinois, from where he telephoned the following reply: "Bill Thompson £J 

cannot intimidate me by any threats. Had he not signed the pledge to the ~o 

United Civic Societies he would never have been elected Ivlayor. If I were Q_ 

in his place I should rather resign my office than to enforce the Sunday oo 

closing law knovjing that the people of Chicago are against it. If it comes L:^ 

to a fight, I am not afraid of Mr. Thompson. I Imov; hov; to defend what '" 
I consider rif-ht, good, and profitable for the people." 

According to expert legal opinion, municipal judges are unable to undertake 



I B 2 - 7 - BOFFirrAN 

IV 

Denni laasatel . Oct. 20, 1915. 

anything against I'x, Oenaak, even if they wished to hxiraor llr, Thompson. 
According to the otate constitution only the otate legislature can im- 
peach and suspend an elected official who has failed to discharge his 
duties. 

There was a rumor yesterday in the City Hall that in case Cermak should 

continue his attacks against 'the Ilayor because of the enforcerient of the 2 

Sunday closing law, the States attorney's office would be asked to charge r:. 

llr. Cermak with misbehavior in office. p 

-a 

o 

CO 

CD 

^o 

— J 
cr- 



i. 



I D 3 BCH^.:iAII 

II E 2 

Denni I-aasatcl. Cct. 18, 1915. 

j?i:''iY-'?..c 3/axoi:3 '.TiiRt; CFim 

Assistant chief of Police Schuettlor received a report yesterday that fifty-two 
saloonkeepers disregarded l.ayor Tilonpson's decree and had their places open 
yesterday 

Anone those v/ho '.vere accused of violation of the ordinance v.'ere the following 
Bohenians: ^translators IJote: Ten naiaes and offenses-nainely, keeping open for 
from ton bo thirt" ninutes after nidnight Saturday, or obscuring vision by 
curtains in v.-ind.ov.'s — onitted in translation^^ 



o 

CO 



I 3 ^3 B0HJt.-:i.2T 

T "^ O 

D3r.nl Iilnsatel . Oct .18, 191b.. 

aiiio;.ao tjotl: r.-^iCT-jUT 

The United Civic "ocietian Prapcire ^. Hur:3 Denonstr.-ition 

In the presence of a nultitude of p3ople of ooth sexes ^ the President of 
The United Civic societies of Chi^aro, '.'.r. Landau, opened a s ecial con- 
vention b;/ explainir.r: tho, i: it i? b3in=: hold in order tc deal v;ith the 
I'jarjor^s decree to close soloons on Sundays, The neetin^ ;vas held in the 
'^reat hall of 3ohol Chica.':o 

The floor v/as than ::iv-.n to ex-'ayor Gairtor H, 'larrison 



"is speech v.'as fre'iuentl;' interna ted by -ipplause 

Gecretar;'' /Inton Xj/osi^^iak read the resolution of the United Civic so- 
cieties by ..'hich the callin" of ohis convention v/viG ratified. The resolu- 









- 2 - BOii;:.:i.j-; 



T^T 



I ? 



Deiini "Icsatel, Get. 18, 1915. 



tion dG'ils vith tlie detri i^ntul effects of '.'Ayov T:ic.-ipson*s breach of 
plsQ^-3, and urfag the Ttoople to uri'.lartr.ke a stron^^ dononstration of its 
dis'ole'xnure ovjr the breald.nG of thi T'-iyor's prouss and the violation 
'ind limitation of the p-arsonal liberty of tho citiT^ens. The crodentials 
CO nit tee reported the presence of 3,341 dele^^ntes rorresontin,-: 969 asso- 
ciations 



The revolt ions coTjr.iittoe presented '^he tG"t of six resolution? it had 
drafted 



.".11 resolutions .vera unaninousl7 ado'-^ted and ex-Alderian 7elix Janovs -:;.'• 

delivered an enthusiastic sneech 



-J 
~1 



I '- g - 5 - BCKJilZ 

'JJT.ri :!l-:Gat-3 l, Oct, 18, lOlo. 

"r, CJarn*"!'.': 3X Ininad th?tt the nattgr of tho pub'' ic d^r-i-rn'rtr'jitinn h-.a . Gon 
discuGssci t)-'- the cor-jiitto*? f?r -lolitical r^cti'-'r., '^<n.c, tlvit it v;r:s up to 
the dole'Titsr, to ■i?/:'3 it tho ■'•rj;it3!?t ever h3].d in ■^liirp.-o 



13 2 boig:i.:iai>i 

Dennl laasatel , Oct. IG, 1915. 

TH3 FIH3T DE£ SUimAY 

The first dry Sunday in Chicago is over, and it must be admitted that it ^ 
was a very quiet and peaceful one. Quite against the expectation of '-"' 
some people, there were no disorders, and the reason there were none was "r^ 
because the saloon men themselves, upon the advice of the United Civic ^^ 
Societies, acted exactly in accordance with the law which UayoT Thompson ^ 
unearthed, in order to show the whole population what a really dry Sun- 
day in Chicago looks like. There were just a very few transgressions of 
that law which, in proportion to the number of saloons in Chicago, are 
not worth speaking about. And in fact these were not real transgressions 
of the laxv closin:^ saloons on Sunday, but rather failures to close the 
saloons at the hour specified by the police, a regulatioix that has always 
been sinned against. 

u'ell then, the first dry Sunday in Chicago was quiet. But that does not 
mean that the people of Chicago agree with the Iviayor's decree, or that 



t7» 






I 3 £ - 2 - BOHSIJL"^T 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 16, 1915. 

they have forgotten about it in their aany other cares and troubles. By 
no means. The people disagree and do not forget, but the organization 
which defends their personal liberty is trying, within the limits of the 
law, to find ways and neans by which to annul and void the Laayor's decree. 



-o 

3> 



-O 






In pursuance of this end, the United Civic Societies holds its convention 
tomorrow. The convention will call attention to the conception of honor :=5 
shown by laiayor Thompson as the highest executive officer of the second 
largest city in the United States, a city which is more cosmopolitan than 
New York itself; how he can keep his word, and ho\v he can deny a pledge 
to which he attached his ovm signature. There xvill be discxission of the 
question whether the Ijayor's decree could not be made invalid by spontane- 
ous demonstration of the people. The Civic Societies also expect to put 
the question of drj'' or v;et Sundays on the ballot at the next municipal 
election. 

'Je do not know whether or not the United Civic Societies v/ill find means 



13 2 - 3 - BOHSIILilJ 

Demil laasat el, Oct. 16, 1915. 

to accomplish anyiihing of that kind. All we knov; is that the law upon 
which Liayor Thompson has based his ordinance is a State law, and can be 
changed only by the State legislature, either by repeal or by aiaendnent. 






en 

CO 



In our opinion, the most practicable anendnent would be one providing 
that cities with a certain specified population and over should have the 3 
privilege of deciding for themselves whether they would be dry or wet. 
Undoubtedly, cities v;ith fifty thousand people or more should have greater 
rights than those vjhich are much smaller. Consideration should also be 
given to the fact that large cities have a much more heterogeneous popu- 
lation than villages or small tov/ns. This circumstance, of course, is 
also of moment. 

It is not only recently that Chicago's rigiit to antonornj' has been talked 
and written about. Ilie subject has been discussed for many years, and the 
opinion expressed that Chicago should be permitted to settle all its own 
important problems. i\s it is, all questions concerning Chicago and its 



I B 2 - 4 - BoseaaAN 

Dennl Illasatel , Oct. 16, 1915. 

welfare are decided by the State legislature. In consideration of the ^ 
fact that Chicago is by far the largest city in the State, and that it ^ 
pays the largest arnount of taxes, every unbiased person v/ill admit that .^ 
it should have the riglit to decide on all matters of its oivn concern. f- 
It is well knovm that different custons and different needs prevail in "^ 
a small town or a little connunity fron those in such large cities as g 
Chicago. If small to'vns decide to be dr:,' because they do not feel any 
need to oe otherwise, vjhy should Chicago, v^^hich feels the need to be 
wet, be dry like the small towns? As it is, Chicago is powerless, be- cr 
cause the small towns have a majority in the State legislixture, and 
the small tovm legislators have made up their minds to keep not only 
their ovm coru.i-unities, but also Chicago, dr^r. 

But the question of dryness and xvetness is not the only one in which 
Chicago is concerned. Tliere are many other very important issues that 
are being decided by the legislature against the v/ill and interests of 
Chicago. V/e believe that the present state of affairs is unjust. 



CD 



I B 2 - 5 - BOHRTfTAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1915. 

unjustifiable, and unsound. A strong campaign should be started in the 
vevy near future to liberate Chica^^o fron -one supreraacy of siiall tovms 

and rural districts, and to put it in a position where it would be master 'f 

within its ovm borders. This could be done by having? the people express -^ 

an opinion in favor of autonony at tlie next election. It would be there- 5o 

fore an issue of that car-ipaign to bring this question before the people. 2 



This is a democracy, and the will of the people is the supreme ruler. 
Hence conditions are in the hands of the people, and if these conditions 
are not appropriate, it is up to the people to change then. 



5> 



c::> 



I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlaaatel . Oct. 14, 1915. 

TOMAN GlVdS TfLL Y^YOR r^ PliSCa OF KI3 MIND 

The Mayor's excursion party, now on their way back from oan Francisco to ^ 

Chicago, are returning in very poor spirits. The cause of it is Alderman John ^ 

Toman of the Thirty- fourth ;jard, who, at a banquet in Portland, Oregon, told F= 

the Mayor and, incidentally, the people of Portland, what he thinks about the C 

closing of saloons on Sundays. But Thompson and his friends started on the way ^ 

home with a great deal of dissatisfaction even without this bitter pill to swal- 2 

low. Thompson did not receive as fine a welcome in the Far ./est as he had ex- ^ 
pected, and his heroic deed was not appreciated there, so Alderman Toman's 
speech did nothing more than intensify the disillusionment already felt by the 
Mayor and his friends. 

The special train with the Chicago excursionists aboard stopped in Portland 
the day before yesterday; the local Rotary Club had arranged a splendid ban- 
quet for the visitors from the Metropolis of Chicago. The Mayor, as well as 
a number of members of his party, made speeches, and one of them pointed out 






I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 14, 1915. 

Toman as a Democratic black sheep, asking him at the same time to get up and 

speak. Toman accepted the invitation and his brief talk is the cause of the 

frigid feelings between the Mayor anri the Democratic members of the party. 

Toman said among other thim?s: "Cur Mayor has dug up an old law passed in ^ 

the days when Chicago was a village and now he wants to see it enforced. The 

law closing saloons on Sundays was passed when Chicago consisted of a smithy 

and a general store, and it was dead so long that it is not remembered even 

by the oldest inhabitants, Chicago is nov/ a cosmopolitan city and is opposed 

to the decree inflicted upon us by the lilayor." 



Alderman Toman* s speech was received with huge applause which, of course, 
peeved the Mayor suad his friends more than anything else. Republican Alderman 
Norris rebuked Toman for this speech, maintaining that no member of the Mayor's 
party has a right to speak in that -.vay. But Toman cut him short by saying that 
since he had been designated as a Democratic black sheep, he had the right to 
defend his and his party's opinion. Leaving Portland the whole party did not 
go together. The Bohemian Aldermen Toman, Klaus, and Hrubec formed a little 



j> 



— I 



I B 2 - 3 - BOESIIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 14, 1915. 

group of their ovra because feeling v;as very high between them and iaayor ^ 
■Thompson's partisans. ^ 

The Democratic aldermen, particularly the Bohemian ones, Jslt. Toman, who was < 
accompanied by Mrs. Toman, and IJr. Klaus, and Mr. Krubec, hesitated to join ^4 
the excursion after the disagreeable surprise prepared for them by the Mayor S 
in issuing the dry-Sunday decree. But they had bought their tickets and made f^ 
all other preparation for the trip, so they decided at the last minute to go 
just the same. However, they did not leave with the party; L!r. & I^s. Toman 
did not leave until twenty-four hours after the departure of the party, with 
which they caught up in Salt Lake City, Utah, Now it is rather to be expected 
that they will avoid a common return home. 

It was also revealed on this occasion who had paid for the trip of the Mayor 
and his friends to San Francisco. It had become knovm even before the trip 
that the aldermen had been offered free fare if they would keep the Mayor 
company. This offer was accepted by many, but the Bohemian aldermen declared 






I B 2 - 4 - BOHiLMlAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 14, 1915. 

they would pay their own fare. Many politicians accepted free tickets without 
knowing who had paid for them. Now it has been learned that the bill for the 
excursion is being footed by Thompson's Republican Club which, it is said, has 
$100,000 ready for the Mayor's campaign, should he be running for president or 
any other office whatever. The money, according to our information, comes from 
donations from many of Thompson's rich friends. 






■S3 

O 






IBS BOm.:L'J:T 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 13, 1915. 

IT 13 NOT A C^UjSTIOIT OF DRIIIKEI^'G OH NOT. . . . 

(Editorial) 

::ani'' peopla say: '*'.','hy [^et so excited about the closir^^ of saloons _^n 

Snnd&ys/? It is not a ;iU9Stion of life and death for our city and the 

majoilty of its population if a few hundred barrels of beer more or a few 

hundred barrels of beer less be consuned. True encush. But v/e declare: 

It is not merely a matter of closing saloons; it is not rierely a matter 

of drinking on Sundays or going thirsty. It is the question .vhether or 

not a handful of fanatics are to rule the majority of the people, deprive 

it of its rights, impose on it their v/ill, and neke the majoritj'' like it ^ 

v;hen it is being called a mob of degenerates and a cancer on the body of c5» 

hurian society. If the fanatics get their way nov/, soon they v/ill be still 

more arrogant, still more presaiiptuous. It is therefore necessary;- that 

all liberal-minded citizens nuicicly stop our fanatics and all those who 

have become their tools. 



O 

CO 



I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

T B 2 (German) 

IV (German) Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 11, 1915. 



,VHAT HILL BiL THE RESULTS? 



o 

ro 



Well, the first dry Sunday is over. All saloonkeepers obeyed Mayor Thompson's 
decree and kept their places closed so the Mayor will have no opportunity to 
take away licenses, as he no doubt had hoped to do. Saturday before his 
departure he advised the Chief of Police that he did not wish to have the 
transgressors arrested, but wanted to have a list of those who disobeyed his ^ 
ordinance. In case of arrest the offenders would have to be arraigned in 
court and, in accordance with the law, the first offence would result in a 
$200 fine, and the second in the loss of the license. But liayor Thonpson 
would not give the saloon men an opportunity to seek justice in a court of tr 
law because he knows that no Jury in Chicago would find them guilty. For 
that reason he is prepared to use his right to decide about the licensing 
of saloons, and revoke the license of saloonkeepers who are guilty of dis- 
obeying his ordinance. And he would do this the very first Sunday the ordi- 
nance was in force. 

The liberal-minded people of Chicago are at a loss to imagine just what it was 



B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 



I B 2 (German) 

IV (German) Denni Hlasatel ^ Oct. 11, 1915. 

that made Mayor Thompson proceed in such an inconsiderate way against the 

saloons. Kis statement that he did not know until nov; that the law concern- ^ 
ing the closing of saloons on Sundays was in force and that now, having learned 5 

about it, he proposes to enforce it in Chicago, is ridiculous. Svery Chicago "^ 

boy knew about that law, and it is impossible that a man running for mayor of ^ 

Chicdgo, and elected to the office of mayor, would not knov; anything about -a 

that law and would have to be told about it several months after his election, o 

The only way to explain Mayor Thompson* s act is to assume that he had some f^a 
special political aims for the achievement of which he needs the support of ^ 
the prohibitionist and blue-Sunday population of rural Illinois more than 
that of the liberal-minded people of Chicago. Some believe that he aspires 
to the membership of the National Republican Committee for the State of Illi- 
nois; others go so far as to claim that he wants the Republican nomination for 
president, .Ve shall soon learn more about it, and about whatever success he 
may have achieved in it. 

V/hat we are interested in right now are the consequences, financial and economic. 



BE - 3 - BOHEMIAN 



I B 2 (German) 

IV (Gennaa) Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 11, 1915. 

of the enforcement of the law until the time when it can be repealed by the 
State legislature. The law was passed seventy years ago but was never en- at 
forced in Chicago, But a repeal can be voted only by the legislature which *■ 
will meet after the 1916 elections, and which will not start functioning p 
until after the beginning of 1917. That is a long time during which the C 
dry Sunday will cause a great deal of damage which will be difficult to 
repair. 



i 



It is remarkable that Thompson was considered a liberal-minded man among the 
liberty-loving oeople of Chicago. How he could have gotten that reputation 
is one of the mysteries surrounding his person, character, and future plans. 
No doubt he had very clever campaign managers who succeeded in describing him 
to liberal-minded citizens as a liberal, and at the same time, to prohibition 
fanatics and blue-Sunday mongers as their own man, all, body and soul. There 
Is one thing quite certain. <Vhile the United Civic Societies have not been 
backing him any more than Robert Sweitzer /Germanl, Chicago saloon men wore 
working for him to the last man, and greeted his election vjith much jubilation. 



CO 

o 



I B 2 - 4 - BOHjaHAN 

IBS (German) 

IV (German) Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 11, 1915. 



This is true not only of our Bohemian saloon men but also of the Germans whose 
countryman, Sv/eitzer, ran against Thompson. 



% 



-o 



An old saloonkeeper, alderman and German, Kaderlein, had this much to say 
about it: "The North Side Saloonkeepers* rissociation, composed almost ex- 
clusively of Germans, holds its monthly meetings in the Turner Hall on Paulina 
Street and Belmont Avenue. Its April meeting fell on the day after the spring 
election in which Thompson came in with a majority of 150,000 votes. There 2 
was great elation about it in the meetias, but I warned my colleagues even at ^ 
that time against praising the day before sundown. Ttiis was because I had ^ 
been following 'Big Bill*s' campaign most carefully and found that he had 
preached prohibition and blue Sunday most ardently in Lake View, Hyde Park, 
and Austin, while promising liberal administration in the Stockyards district 
and when talking to Negroes on the South Side. He went so far as to arouse 
their hopes that they .vould be able to shake dice and shoot craps without 
being disturbed. I talked about this with saloonkeepers, my old colleagues 
in business, and they laughed at me on the side, and were telling each other 



B 2 - 5 - BOIiffliaAIT 



I B 2 (German) 

IV (German) Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 11, 1915. 

that there must be something \vrong in my Bavarian noodle. They were convinced 
that 'Riompson is an enthusiastic sportsman, endowed with a capital thirst, and 
that there is no reason for them to be afraid of such a man. But I kept on 
insistin?^ that saloons v;ill be closed in six months, and now you see my fears 
were justified." 



•so 

o 






In order that the blow which the Mayor has .^iven to saloons may be lessened, 
it v;ill be necessary for the Municipal Council to take immediate steps. The 
license fee v;ill have to be correspondinj^ly lo.vere^, at least down to $750 a 
year, and the Mayor must be legally deprived of the right to revoke saloon- J^ 
keepers* licenses at his own discretion. Chicago is the only city in Illinois 
whose mayor issues and revokes saloon m^n's licenses without consulting his 
aldermen. The Council must rescind the right it has f-iven the mayor; to that 
end no new ordinance will be necessary. It cannot be expected that the I.!ayor 
will try to switch now. The 77ets have "his number," and he cannot expect any 
support from them whatever. Therefore he will have to stick to the drys and 
blue-law mongers, to all the hynocritical fan .tics to v;hose influence he has 



B 2 - 6 - BOHEMIAN 



I B 2 (German) 

IV (German) Denni Hlaaatel , Oct. 11, 1915. 

yielded. These will do all they can to make all Chicago dry by next spring, 

and if they should not succeed in this, at least to give Thompson a substantial ^ 

majority in the City Hall. The liberal element can, of course, shatter these >• 

plans easily enough, as long as it keeps united and stays on the job, p 

The dry-Sunday law will materially damage about eighty-five per cent of the 5 
saloons. The remaining fifteen per cent will hardly be affected. These are 2 
located mostly in the Loop and near large factories. The other saloons had, ^ 
on the average, twice as much business on Sundays as on weekdays. It was Sun- 
day that kept many of them out of the red. ,Vith the Sunday business gone, many 
of them will have to close up. The effect may not be so noticeable at the next 
term, November 1, because the saloonkeepers will still be hoping that some way 
may be found to bring about the reopening of business on Sundays. Should this 
hope prove idle, the decrease in the number of licenses may go into the hundreds, 
and, perhaps, thousands. The city will lose many thousands of dollars of income. 
Then Chicago will feel the "blessing" of blue laws and their enforcer, "Big Bill" 
Thompson. 



ro 



13 2 BOHSxYJaN 

I ^' 3 

I F 4 Denni lilasatel , Cct. 6, 1915. 

IV 

TKOIvIPSON HF:Si^KS HIS ILICDGE 
Frieads o- Perjonal Freedo.:; Getting* Ready for Fight 

The Sdrazene Spolky {United Civic Societies of Chicago), the reuresentative 
body of the liberal element of Chica.-ro's population, gave to the press ^ 
yesterday, photostatic copies of a letter received from '.'illiain hale Thojapson 5 
before the election. In tne conmuni cation he promisea to oppose all blue -r^ 
lav.s and keeij saloons open on Sunaays. The letter reads as follov.s: 

'•The undersigned takes plensure in advisin;.; you that he is the Republican * 
candidate for the office of ^ayor of the City of Chicago, that he favors the 
principles of pergonal liberty, local autonomy, equitable taxation, • end all k.- 
the aims for the promotion of v-hich the United Civic Societies of Chicago tr;' 
Vvaa organii^ed; that ho proposes to support these aiias by every means in his 
power, thax he believes that ever.' citizen shoula be protected in his full 
enjoyment of the personal ri.rhts anu privile^^es guaranteed to him by the 



I B 2 - 2 - BCKai.:iAN 

I ^' 5 

I ii' 4 Deimi „lasatel , oct. 6, 1915. 

rv 

Constitution of the United States anc the State of Illinois, and that, 
in case he shoula be elected r.iayor of the City of Ghicaro, he vill use all 
honest .'ueans to promote the follov.iiii^ objectives: 

"(1) To oppose all laVkS knovvn as 'blue laws'. He proclaims in the first ^ 
place that he is agai.iSt the closinp /of saloons_/ on Sundays because he is ."^ 
convinced that the stcite law concerning: th'.t closing is unenforceable and 
should not be enforced by the city <ud;;iinistration. That he is against any 
and all oruinances, the purpose of v.hich is to liiait Ghica-o citizens in the " 
enjoyment of f"all freedom durinp; the day of their rest anc recuperation. 

"(2) That he is in favor of 's^^ecial bar permits' for cecent societies and -• 
other decent organizations, givinj.^ them the riht to serve beer until three 
o'clocK in the .aornixie? and thus enabling the-a to hold their customary enter- 
tainiuents. 

"(3J That he v.ill, in his capacity as Mayor, use his rifdit of veto a^-ainst 



I B 2 - 3 - BOESMIAIT 

I F 3 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 6, 1915. 

IV 

the enactment of :iny ordinance limit inc the rights of personal liberty, 
or the suspension of any liberal ordinance nov/ in force, especially if its 
purpose be to a:iencl or revoke the ordinance concerning 'special bar permits' 
as nov; in force. 

"(4) That he ..ill oppose the enlargenent of dry districts inside the city '^ 
liiiiits, unless such enlargement should be requested by the majority of the 
residents of a district in which at least two thirds of the lots are improved 
by residential buildings. 

"(5) That he is absolutely opposed to seeing Chicago enclosed within the 
sphere of the anti-saloon lav;. 

"(6) I also declare that I have not signed any obligation to the Anti-Saloon 
League or any other so-called 'reform organization,' or to any nev/spaper." 

This, so clear a promise, and what the I'.ayor did Londuy, needs no comment. 



I B 2 - 4 - BOICailAIJ 

I F 4 Denni laasatel . Oct. 6, 1915. 

IV 

Acting on the basis of these prcniscs, the political coranittee of the 
United Civic Societies adopted a resolution in yesterday's meeting denouncing 
the llayor as a man v/ho does not keep his promises. At the same time, a meet- 
ing- of the executive committGe -./as called for Tnursday night in order to 
organize a public protest against the Layor and his closing ordinance. 

It has not yet been decided v;hat steps the supporters of the principles of 
personal liberty 7;ill take in order to force the IJayor to retract the ordi- 
nance and to dispose, once and for all, of the v;hole question of closing 
saloons on Sundays. A plan is being discussed to demand the enforcement 
not only of the Sunday closing law, but all blue lav;s that are in the statutes. 
The rigid enforcement of such laws vihich so far hava been dead letters v/oxJ-d 
close all theaters on Sundays, would stop all electric cars, ball and other 
games, and close all amusement parks. This, however, v/ould be attempted 
only if all other means failed. 

The above quoted r.romise is said to have been signed by the Mayor on 



13 2 - 5 - BOHEIvJAN 

I F 3 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 6, 1915. 

XT- 
March 31, 1915, in his home at 5200 Sheridan Road. Present v/ere Eugene 
Pike, then director of Thompson's carr.paign, and three members of the United 
Civic Societies: President G. Landau, chairman of the committee for poli- 
tical action; Adolf D. Ueiner, and ors&nizer, Leopold Neuman. The officials 5 
of the United Civic Societies declare tliat Thompson was th^ only candidate '^ 
to sign such a pledge. The pledge vjhs prepared upon the initiative of L'r. 7= 
Pike, -r-'ho indicated v/hat it should contain and suggested to the officials C 
to make it "strong". j 



-c 



C3 



The officials of the United Societies assert that thoy did not req.uest such -^ 
a pledge from Ir. Thompson, and that he invited them to his ovm residence, i:^ 
signed the pledge, and handed it to then of his ovm free will. 

Secretary of the United Civic Societies, Lr. Anton J. Cermak, ^vho works v/ith 
his usual eaergy to avert this bloxv directed against the liberal element of 
Chicago, has made the follov/inij statement: 



I B 2 - 6 - BOH^f^HN 

I V 5 

1^4 Dexini Ulasatel , Get. 6, 191b. 

IV 

'•Ve did not request any or the candidates to rive us plea^^es. During; 
the primaries v»e supported De-iOorat Harrison, ana Hepublicau Jacob l.aye v;ho 
is a laeriiber of our organization, iifter tne prijnaries there \.as a rumor that 
our organization v.oulc. support Jv;eitzer. Uufrexie Pike, ;.ho v.as tne director :^ 
of Thompson's cam^jai^jn, caiue to our office and nave us the assurance that 5 

V'illiam hale Thompson vJns ftivorable to our principles, '"e did not ask that ~ 
he shoula sign a pleu^e. Harrison has never signed anything of that kind, r 

and v.e huve never de.aunded it of any candidate. ^Oiueu.ie , sUf:;(-:ested that -x. 

Thompson visit the msetini- of our political coi.Liittee, and ^"ike assured us 
that Thom :)son v.oulc be t^lad to come. On the day of the meeting Pike ccjne in 
an:- told us that i,j. Thojapson Vjus ill at home, anc that he ..oulu like the 
comi.iittee to call on him anc brin*,: along a plede-:e fur his signature, x-ike 
remarked that the pledge iiiijj.ht be a^ "strong" as v;e should like to hLve it. 
ne went so far as to suf;r;est vhat it shoulc, contain. Its text shov.s that 
the pledge is a very clear one. At Lhc.t time the question of speci;.l bar 
permits v-as bdnt- aiscusseu ana \«e made the paraf';raph referrinf- to that 
question considerably stronger than th-3 rest o^' the pled,-e. In the 1911 



X- 



b 2 - 7 - Bacti^ 



I r 3 

I S 4 Deiini lilasatel , Cot. 6, 1915. 

I\' 

caiupaign, Charles j» ...erriaja sirned a pledre for U3, and v.e shov-ed it 
to xixco in. our on'ioe, .-i::s read it anc reiiaiiced: 'You jriay :aaKe it ..iUch 
stroaf--er for " illiaja l^ale Ihompsoxi. ' 

:S 
"3o, o.i ounday, .^arch 21, George i^andau, x.. 7.. , einer, aac Leopolc "eui.iann 3> 
vuent to Sue Ihoi.ipson in hiti hone on Jheridan i.oaa. They found there Jr. ~ 
ThoapGon in the oo.apany of :..r, ±-ike, •ih^.y had v.iuh them ii.erriain's pledge 
and the pled^ie preoarea according to ij?, x ike's ouc 'est ions for .jr. Thompson. - 
i..r. like took ...erriaia's pleage, showec it to IjT. ihoapt-on, ano pointed out ;- 
the ways in -..hich his fihodi son's) pleage v.a.- str^n^^er than ...erriarr/s. like 
said: 'V.'hat uo you think of it, Bill"; V>hat do you think of that guy, merriam, 
who nakes such a saintly face in the Council; there is nothing' he ivuuld not 
laake a 'di?;' into, aao at t.ie Su..ie ti..;e he si ns a pled;^e like this wimn ue 
runs ior 'aayor';' ThoMpson read tne. pledt-^e, saivl that in a few points it 
could be still stronger, ana signed it. 

"Cweitzer also ca::.e to a :.ieeting of the coojaittee, but he did not sirn any 



I B 2 - 6 - l^GIiriwIAIT 

1 1^ Zi 

I F 4 De.irxi rllabatel , Oct. G, 1915. 

IV 

pledije, ant- v;e uic not ^tsl: hi.; t..; do it. '.'hen Vve issued our recon- 
raendatioa for tiie election v.e aid iiOt riontioa any cuidiaate by na.'.ie cut said 
that both canaiuatec v.ere suitable, :;ov.- the ;.iayor has violated a pledge 
v.hich he sUfr,'3ested and ci. ned by hi£ ov.n free v.ill vithout havinf- been asked ^ 

to CO c^C." 



The resolution aaopted in yesterday' ii f.ieetin)- of the political co/iiiTiittee of 
the United Civic Societies of Chicago reads as follows: 

"The United Civic Societies of Chicago, thrcu.':h its co.vuiittee on political 
action, -orotests cost stront":ly a^^ainst ilayor Thompson's action in ordering: 
the closing: of saloon., on Sun::.ays, and condei.ms it as an unjustified attack 
on the person'^.l liberty of Chica?:o people. It designates ^-ayor Trionpson as 
a pled::e-breaker because he hh s bro:-:en a very definite pled;-e, voluntarily 
given anc signed upon -his ov;n initiative. It denounces ...?iyor ThOi-npson f.s a 
iiian v.ho secured our support by a iaenaacicus v.ritten proclamation in vhich he 
claiiued to be a liberal-minded nan, an(i a foe of blue laws and closin/- of 






I B 2 - 9 - BOK'^LJiiN 

I ? 3 

I J 4 Denni HI ass t el , Get. 6, 1915. 

IV 

c&fes on Sundays.'' 

Vliile luavor Thompson, cieuounced by all liberal citizens of Ghlca -o and ap- 
plauded by &11 our fanatics, v^as on his v.tr/ v.est yesterday, he arroirantly 

decl^rec in Cmaha that iie is happy to have broken his o\.n v-ord ana th; t he ^ 

v-oulu ■ lauly do it at-:uin, .-lis cuiei* of police, Jealev, helu i. confereaoe ^ 

v.ith Corporation Counsel i<'ol3o..i as i,.ayor Tho.ipson's representative, concern- -^^ 

ing iieans x'or tne strictest enrcrce-aent oi' the saloon-closii^^' ordin-.nce, r- 

.^fter the conference, i.ealey issu--o the follovjin; state::.ent; "I^. 

"Civners c2 cafes v.hc are I'cunu to huve their cafe^i open next Sunc^;y v.ill be -" 
si.nply arrested. Tne prosecution v.ill be in the h:;nds of the stt^te's attor- tc' 
nay ana not of the city prosecutor because "che char, e v.ill read as a viola- tr 
tion of a state lav^. '..hen founc to have vicl^ited the lav, ^'or the secom" 
tine, eve^i thou,:h they n- y h-.ve been disch = .r -ed by the court in the case of 
their first offense, th»;y v.ill b::? arrested fu-ain, and I shall recoirjuend the 
voiding of their licenses, i do not care v.hethei or not they v.ero sentenced 



- 10 - BCHr]ivJ.'AT 



-t) 

3> 



I J' 3 

I f 4 Denni Hlasatel , Get. 6, 1915. 

lY 

for the first viol?-tion. The secoac arrest ..ill call for a severe 
punishiaent anc their licenses v.ill b-. revoked," 

The police "pasha" /sic/ proposes the i'ollov.iri;:; riethod of e-iforeing iiiayor 
Thoiupson's decree: 3aloons .aust not be open even if they v.ere to sell 
v;ater or soda only. The bi.rs in coffee houses and restaur;Jits jiiust oe 
clcsea, ^ilcoholic beveruf:;es ..lUst not be served lo hotel ;:uests in their -^ 

rcons, Glubs en i-lichigciii ..^veiiue i.iust be as dry as tae last saloon on West r" 

Ladison Street. iJ.coholic beveraces nust not be served at entertairuaents -r 

from i.iiani;--ht betv.een Jataroav f,na 3undav until ifiidnifrht between Sunday and c 
i..onday. Restaurants v.ill not be permitted to serve sandv.iches soaked in L- 

v;hibky as is beiit: done in sc.Tie dry places v.ith the claiiii that it is food. js:: 

According to this proposcil of Chief of xolice Lealey, Ghicaro nust be as <^ 

dry as Sahara in public places,,,, 

Saloons in Cook County outside of Chicaco's city limits v.ill db open on 



- 11 - BOIIEJI-^ 



T U' '2 I 

X V '^ [ 

I j' 4 Deuni iilcuatel , Oct. 6, 1915. 

IV 

Sunday. Tlits I'anatics, euccurar'ed by their success v.ith Llayor Thompson, 
have approached Sherifx Traei-;er v;ith the requcot t ■ h-ove the Suncay cloGinc 
lav/ enforced also in the rural parts of the county. But he definitely re- 
fused to becoue a tool o:' thu fanatics, ne saic : 

"The cuty of cur office is to executt court orders. liver..' coiriiaunity in the 
county has its ovai aoiainistration, ana, acccrr.inr to ny opinion, it is up 
to this aa;:.inistration to decide v^hether the saloons should be closed or 
open. It is my opinion that roat.houses bexonc: under the supervision of 
county ccirunissicners. i^y nen are not .olice;aen. I have only one hundred 
anc ten of the:n, and if I tihoulc do the police duty in the v.hole county, I 
flhoula need at least ^ne thousanc, I believe that the people of each ccti- 
.Tiunity should decide by votinij hov: they vdsh to have tiie question of saloons 
solved," 

The fanatics v.ere relying also on State's attorney Hoyne to do their dirty 
ViOT£, but there, too, they v.ere disappointed. He said it vi,as not his business 






- i:^ - EOir^:jL.N 



I,, '* 

I F 4 Deiini lilaaatel , Oct, G, 1915, 

IV 

to airest saloonkeepers v.ho have tLeir places open on Sunday no matter 
vjhether they are in or outside of Chica^ro. This v^as the duty of the sheriff, 
the police, ano the constables. The follovjin,'- coiniunities in Cool: County 
will have their saloons open next Sunday: Lyons, Blue Islana, Chicago Heii-hts, 
Thornton, Jorest raPK, jj'ranklin ir'ark, nOiiiev.ood, iut'. Olivet, rosen, Rivercale, 
St. i.:ary's, rlver^Teen x-artr, iiay^.-.ood, and Schauinburr, 

The prohibitionists in Chicago \.ere iuost elateo yesterday. They v,ere jubi- 
laxit over nayor ThoiTipson's decree and proclaimed tnat it is the berTinninp; 
of the end of saloons in Chicago, They denied very definitely that they had 
threatened to indict luayor Thor.ipson for nonperforiaance of his duties. Some 
of the xi.ayor's friends hj.ve tried to vinaicate him by saying that he was 
forced to issue the decree because of such a threat. The fanatics are bra^^- 
ging of their very rreat politicsl pov^er in Chict-go and declare that Garter 
H. Harrison coulu have been r.ayor a;:cin i:' he had done ten days before the 
election ;.hat :..ayor Thompson aid on i^onday, Nov/ tae prohibitionists blue- 
Sunday promoters v.ill uouble their efforts to ma^ce Chicago dry oii v-eekdays. 






IBS - 13 - BOm£lJ.-J-J 

I F 3 

I i?" 4 Deimi Hlasatel , Oct. o, 1915. 

IV 

and to introcuce (general prohibition. 

If the closing decree should be enforced the saloonkbepers v;ill denand a 

reduction oi* license fees in proportic^i to tne losses suffered by having 

their saloons closed Sundays, Tv.o such proposals were offered ia the ;,.on- 

day iiieeting of the City Council and referred to the licensing coirunittee. 

One of the.'u proposes the reduction of the fee to five hundred dollars, the ri 

other to ont seveath of the presexit fee, that is, one hundred forty-three ^ 

dollars annually. sS 

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IS9 

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I B 2 B0Hj3.!IaN 

Denni Illasatel , Oct. 6, 1915, 

llAYOR THOMPSON'S DjSCRES 

(Editorial) 

The decision of Mayor Thompson requiring the closing of cafes on Sundays 
is to be deeply regretted and condemned. It is not only a slap in the face 
of all liberal-minded Chicago citizens, imparted in order to satisfy a hand- 
ful of blue-Sunday pietists and prohibitionists, but it is also a decision 
which will do a great deal of harm to the City and its population in the 
economic respect. 5 

Nobody was forcing l!ayor Thompson to issue the ordinance prohibiting the sale 
of alcoholic beverages on Sundays. Even our blue-Sunday pietists would have 
been satisfied by having the question of the Sabbatical law voted upon at the 
coming spring election. But it seems that our Mayor, ever since good fortune 
has been the lot of his political plans, has become cocky and has arrived at 
the conclusion that he can afford to do whatever he pleases. If that is the 
case, we believe that he is facing an ugly disappointment. 



T> 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 6, 1915. 

Mr, Merriam is one of those reformers whom we have learned to look upon with 
a great deal of suspicion. But it must be admitted that he believes himself 
to be waging a good fight, that he fights in the open, tells everybody frank- 
ly -Ahat he thinks of him, what he wants, and why he wants it. Such men as 
he are infinitely better, more honest, and more valuable than men \vho have 
secured the confidence of the liberal-minded public by false pretenses and 
promises, who have had that public put them into high offices, and then have 
revealed themselves as eneirdes of all that which the liberal-minded public 
favors. 



3 



Carter H. Harrison was mayor of Chicago for five terms and always very definite- ■^ 
ly refused to yield to the desire of fanatics for the observance of Sunday by ^ 
having saloons closed on that day. Thompson has been ICayor just a little over 
five months and has completely yielded to Sabbath fanatics. No doubt many 
people noT/ -vill say, "Too bad we did not keep Harrison", But there is no use 
crying over spilt milk. The only thing to do is for our public to learn the 
lesson and next time refuse to give its confidence to an unknovm man and take 



I B 3 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 6, 1915. 

it away from somebody who has always said openly what was and what was not his 
opinion and personal conviction. 



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I B 2 BQIIBILII.AIT 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel . June 29, 1915. 

T53 PHINCIPL:: OF KHRSOHAL LIBilRTY "illiS 

The definite disposal of the question of liquor licenses in connection with 
dances and social entertainments of various associations, clubs, etc., took 
place in yesterday's meeting of the Municipal Council. Although this matter 
had apparently been decided sometime ago, when, after long public investi- 
gations, both sides selected representatives to draft rules for entertainments 
having permission to draw and serve alcoholic beverages, the notorious alder- ^ 
-•nen Merriam and LlcCormick kept on dipping into the matter until they were 
definitely put in their place yesterday. 



To Alderman John Toman, as the chairman of the licensing coimaittee, goes a 
great deal of credit for this victory. He had been working on the committee 
for a sensible ordinance regulating the use of beer and other alcoholic 
beverages in public dances, but v;hen McComick and Merriam presented their 



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I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Dennl HIasatel , June 29, 1915, 

minority reports yesterday, one of them prohibiting the serving of beer after 
one o'clock in the morning, the other prohibiting it altogether. Alderman 
Toman got up and pinned down the hypocrisy of these apostles of temperance who 
would not permit the people to take a glass of beer in a public entertainment, 
but at the same time did nothing to prevent the drugstores in their own neigh- 
borhood frcm selling whisky to minors. The final vote showed forty-three 
aldermen for the liberal ordinance and only twenty-five against it. 

Alderman Toman caused another defeat of Merriam when he beat him to any new 
steps by proposing the formation of a committee ccmiposed of six aldermen and 
three private citizens to investigate the conditions in the restaurant and 
saloon business in order to detemine whether or not the continuous attacks 
against that business are justified. Merriam came up limping with another pro- 
posal, to foim a committee composed of seven aldermen, and make the nomination 
of that committee the special object of the coming meeting of the Council, Upon 
Toman* s motion the Council disapproved Merriam* s proposal, and both proposals 
were passed on to the licensing committee for report. 



I 



I 



13 2 30HSLXUT 

Denni iil as at el, June 18, 1915. 

Tl'in UIIIT.JD STATICS SUPiaiS GOUiOT DECIDES 
iAOAIIilST TxHL PHOHIBITIOIIISTS 

(Editorial) 



The decision concerns the so-called V/ebb and Kenyon lav; prohibiting the 
transportation of alcoholic bevera-jes into dry states. This law was 
passed bj' Congress, and the prohibitionists were happy because they 
thouc^it it -vould stop tiie transportation of even a drop of alcoholic 
beverages into sone of the states, jut our transportation companies 
have been disregarding this lav; and have been delivering >eer, wine, 
and whiskey to anybody who would give tiie:! an order. That resulted in 






O 



The Supreme Court of the United States has nade a decision lately v;hich 

will not particularly please our prohibitionists, and the result of 

which will be that sone states, in spite of their drj' laws, will not be ^ 

dry. 






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I B 2 - 2 - BOHSIuTLhIT 

Denni Illasatel , June 18, 1915. 

a lawsuit, and the ^idaris lispress Zovrr^jany was heavily fined for trans- 
protins alcoholic beveraces from lennessee into di^^ Kentucky. The y> 
Company kept on appealing the decision, and the case v;as carried up 'p 
to the Suprene Court of the United ota-oes, where it xvas decided in C 
favor of the Express Company. The Court ruled that ever;/ citizen, in 2 
dry as well as in other states, has the riglit to order alcoholic bever- £ 
ages for his ov;n use, except in states v;here the laws ^orbidy^ the <.■•; 
ovmership or consumption of such beverages. Thus, the drinking in dry ~^ 
states will go laerrily on, the dry states will be as v;et as other states 
v.'here the people are sensible enough not to put prohibition laws on their 
own necks. 






I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

I F 3 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1915. 

I F 6 

I H DSFEAII^D HYPOCRITES 

IV 

The prohibitionist pussyfooters, whose principal speaker in the City Council is 
Alderman Charles S, Merriam, and whose main trouble shooter is the notorious, 
sly Arthur Burrage Farwell, of the Law and Order League, have received at the 
hands of Municipal Bailiff Anton J. Cermak a thorough lesson and a moral hvunilia- 
tion that they will not soon forget. It happened yesterday in the City Hall 
during the session of the licencing committee which was to decide on Merriam* s 
amendment to the ordinance regulating the issuing of licenses for dance aiter- 
tainments. Because this was quite an important question, the session was 
attended not only by many protagonists of personal liberty, but also by many ^^ 
old women, both in skirts and trousers, from the aristocratic wards, whose feel- ^; 
ings when listening to }St, Cermak»s words would be very difficult to describe. 

The ordinance covering the issuing of the so-celled **special bar permits'* was 



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I B 2 - 2 - BOHE?^IAIT 

I F 3 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1915. 

I F 6 

I H to become effective yesterday. This ordinance is identical with the 

IV old one providing for the issuance of licenses for dances, except that 

it requires that the request for the license be filed fifteen days 
before the date of the dance, thus giving the police sufficient time to investi- 
gate the kind of entertainment planned and determine its actual sponsors. If ^j 
this ordinance were to be enforced as strictly as the United Civic Societies of ^ ^ 
Chicago propose that every ordinance should be enforced, it would mean the end ■..'. 
of all entertainments of a dubious character, because all such entertainments ^-^ 
would have strict police supervision. The drastic provisions of the ordinance, r^ 
however, do not seem to satisfy our rabid "Aquarians,** because Alderman Merriam *•'- 
offered an amendment prohibiting the sale of any alcoholic beverages at such -i 
entertainments, \Vhat would be the resxilts of such an ordinance anybody with a bit ,' 
of sense can easily imagine. It would bring to ruin all social and civic centers 
which derive the greatest part of their income from renting their halls to 
various societies, clubs, and lodges that give dances for their members and 
friends. The discussion of this amendment was on the agenda of yesterday* s 



I B 2 - 3 - BOIi^^lAlT 

I F 3 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel , May 14, 1915. 

I F 6 

I H meeting of the licencing committee whose chairman is Alderman John 
IV Toman, and which has in its membership a niimber of inveterate "water 
lappers**. 

The speakers of the prohibitionist reactionaries were Aldermen ?!erriam and A, a. 5= 
McCormick who were valiantly seconded by Farwell and a large female audience, 
Merriam explained that he was prompted to introduce this amendment by a report "r: 
of the canmission investigating the vice conditions of the city, and by a report C 
of the League for the Protection of Minors, both of which go to prove that many l^ 
young girls have lost thsir virtue as a result of drinking at dances. The speakersi.^ 
of the more liberal element, particularly Mr, Cermak, endeavored to prove the -^ 
fallacy of making no distinction between various kinds of dances. If there are 
any halls where youths are being spoiled, it is up to the police to close them 
up. In this activity the police will nowhere find more ardent supporters than 
among the friends of personal liberty. But there are many decent halls, halls 
in buildings where members of national groups assemble for their entertainment 






I B 2 - 4 - , BOHEJ/IAN 

I F 3 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasetel , May 14, 1915. 

I F 6 

I H and social life, where the people also dance and drink, but vdiere the 

IV most clever prohibitionist spy would not find one single reason fbr 
complaint throughout an entire year. 

The whole affair is not an effort for improvement, but a clear prohibition 
propaganda conducted by people who are not even in a position to explain satis- 
factorily where the city would get money with which to pay its current expenses 

if it should come to the closing of cafes, a step they most ardently desire, <^ 

It is an attempt to vote in prohibition by men who believe they have been put i; 

into this world to reform any and everybody, but who should first look around -c 

and see what is going on under their own noses. For instance, there is local c 

prohibition in I^de Park, but in that section of the city even a little child [. 

can buy liquor in any drugstore, and it has happened many times that young boys r' 

have come home totally drunk on whiskey they had bought in drugstores. V 

These conditions have come to Mr. Cermak's attention by a letter from a young 






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I B 2 - 5 - B0H5MIAN 

I F 3 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel, May 14, 1915. 

I F 6 

I H girl vidiose brother had cone home intoxicated several times. Hence 
IV Mr, Cermak decided to make a thorough investigation. He took an auto- 
mobile ride through the aristocratic, prohibitionist Hyde Park with 
Alderman Bowler last Wednesday afternoon. They took along a young girl yiho 
succeeded in buying liquor in any drugstore she entered. But in order to secure ^ 
still stronger proof, they sent to a drugstore a young boy who was playing in : '• 
the street with Alderman Merriam»s little son. The boy, hardly ten years of age,^"- 
returned in a short while with a quart bottle of whiskey for vbich he paid $1,25#,^J 
Eight drugstores were visited in this way, and in each of them either the boy :-; 
or the girl could purchase as much liquor as they would ask for. The whiskey is [J 
being sold in the immediate vicinity of schools and churches, ri^t next to the i,> 
Kerriara and Farwell homes, and in no case did the druggist inquire whether the 1.3 
liquor was needed for medicinal purposes. It may be well to mention that, " 
according to city ordinances, a druggist is not supposed to sell more than six 
ounces of whiskey at any one time, and each sale is to be reported to the police. 
But ordinances do not mean a thing to the elite in Hyde Park. Anybody can get 



I B 2 - 6 - BOnPT^IAN 

I F 3 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1915. 

I F 6 

in as much whiskey as he cares to buy in that section, and it is being 

rv sold freely even to minors. Little wonder that drunkenness among the 

youth is growing to such large proportions in that district, Mr. Cermak 
presented several bottles of whiskey to the licencing committee yesterday; all 
of them had been purchased in Hyde Park by minors on the day before, and each r^ 
of them carried the name and address of the druggist from whom it was bought and '" 
the time of the purchase, so his evidence is staggering. r^ 

What effect this episode had upon those assembled is easy to imagine. The '■?] 
puritanic temperance hjrpocrites looked like wet hens after this moral spanking, »-- 
but from the benches occupied by the liberal element there came frequents bursts 
of loud applause. As a result of Mr. Cermak* s argumentation, the amendment was 
defeated by eleven votes to three. In an effort to wash this moral licking off 
a little bit, the honorable aldermen from the aristocratic wards, together with 
Mr. Arthur Burrage Farwell, made notes of the names of the druggists in whose 
stores the whisky had been bought, and declared they would see to it that 






I B 2 - 7 - BOHS?HAIT 

I F 3 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel , May 14, 1915. 

I 5* 6 

I H anything like that would not happen again. They could not have suffered 
^ a greater shame than by having their attention called to such irrefna- 

larities in their own neighborhoods by those vchom they would like by all 
means to reform. 

It is certain the licencing committee, having such a resolute chairman as 
Alderman Toman, and a decided majority of members immune to infection by prohi-^ 
bitionist lunacy, will just as definitely and decidedly throw back any other 
attacks against personal liberty it may be called upon to deal with. 






I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

I B 1 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 7, 1915. 

FROM ONE EXTREME TO ANOTHER 

(Editorial) 



1^ 



iProhibition seems to be gaining ground all over the United States. V/e go '^ 
tT:Qim. one extreme to another. Vftiere formerly alcoholic beverages, especially C 
the "potent" kind, were being consumed in large amounts, suddenly complete 3 
prohibition was instituted, accompanied by such evils as hypocrisy, intolerance, 2 
snooping, etc. If it were moderation, we should be the first in favor of it. ^ 
But prohibition, In our opinion, is worse than excessive drinking. ^ 



I E 2 BOHSt-'L^I-^ 

I J • 

Denni Klasatel , Liar. 30, 1915. 

FOK OUR LIBERTY 

(Sditorial) 

• 

The nations in Europe are fighting Tor both their national and personal li- 
berty, while v/e h«^re in America seeri to permit the latter to be taken away 
from us by various and sundry '^improvers," "corrf^ctors," a!id "reformers" 
without too much objection on our part. These men would like to tell us ^ 
what we should eat and drink, when we should go to bed, when we should get ^ 
up, etc. In brief, they, in the manner of some national quacks, would like f^-;? 
to force a certain diet upon us which we are to follov/, re{^ardless of whether ^ 
or not it is good for us. Their iieas of liberty are based on some antiquated 
notions of autocratic governmonts, v/hich considered thej.r authority supreme, 
and their subjects mere animate objects upon which to exercise their superiority. 
That, of course, is all wrone. The individual was not created for /the benefit 
of/ the government; government was created for /the benefit otj the individual, 
whose individuality has always been distinguished here in America by the attri- 
bute of personal liberty. By using his personal liberty, he has created a 



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I B 2 - 2 - BOIgMIAI^" 

Denni Hlasatel. I.'ar. 30, 1915. 



I J 



government which will protect this personal liberty, and let us hope this 
will continue to be true in the future. The only liberty in which the 
Americans believe is the personal kind, the personal liberty of the indi- 
vidual. This liberty they have always considered their most precious 
possession, and have always known how to protect, even with their lives. 
There certainly is no reason why they should fail to find a way to protect 
it from some nondescript ♦♦national quacks'*. 



c:"> 



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Fc 



J 

I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec, 12, 1914, 

IN OUR VffiSTI]RN SUBURBS 

Last Sunday, December 6, 1914, a huge meeting was held in the hall of Sokol 
Oak Park, llie meeting was devoted to the discussion of means to effect the 

opening of Berwyn to the Cafe business. The meeting enjoyed a very large ^ 

attendance, if we consider the extremely inclement weather prevailing that ^ 

day. As usual, most of those present were workingmen, and the majority were -. 

Sokols who took a most lively part in the discussions. The meetings gave I^ 

evidence of the fact that the population of Berwyn is not, by far, as indlf- ^ 

ferent to the welfare of their town as it used to be o 

CO 

If Berwyn citizens will continue to display as much interest as they showed at ^ 
the meeting in the defeat of the reactionary, fanatical, intolerant element '-^ 
whose purpose it is to enslave the working classes, I am sure that our work 
will be crowned with success. All those present agreed that the struggle will 
be hard, and the only way to gain a victory is to go, united, toward the one 
and only aim, and to secure the co-operation of as many voting citizens, men 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Dennl HLasatel , Dec. 12, 1914. 

and women, as can be reached, for our cause. Our lest defeat does not mean 
that we shall be defeated again, I have talked to many non-Bohemians residing 
south of the Burlington tracks and I have found that there are many of them who 
will vote with us, because they are getting tired of the closed dry district ^ 
and realize that.,,. the properties in such a neighborhood do not rise but rather \ 
decline in value. Let us not forget that the majority of Swedish, Polish, ^^ 
Croatian and Slovene nationals will be voting with us. Therefore all we need \- 
for victory this time is a united front ^ 



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That the work of the Bewynske Sdruzene Spolky (Union of Berwyn Associations) is r3 
getting recognition is evident from the fact that there are already some friends ^ 
of freedom who are offering us their financial support. Thus, we have received 
twenty-five dollars from Mr, J, Jedlan, treasurer of the Kirchman State Bank 
as a contribution to defray our campaign expenses 

All similar donations will be acknowledged in the dally nevi'spapers, and should 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec, 12, 1914, 

be addressed to secretary F. A. Svoboda, 2613 South Ridgeland Avenue, Berwyn, 
Illinois 



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I B 2 BOHST'.:iAI'T 

Dennl Pllasatel . Oct. 16, 1914. 

:VHaT a 'rrCTCRY! 

(Editorial) 

Since our prohibitionists have received such imnortant support as the ^ 
signatures of Joliet prisoners, there is, of course, nothinp; else left 5 
but to make the entire state dry v;ithout any further delay. A Protestant .^^ 
reverend who is the chaplain of the Joliet penitentiary, induced twelve p 
hundred r>risoners to sign a petition requesting the state legislature to 
introduce prohibition in Illinois. Only about one hundred of them refused 
to sign, and those vjho did sign v/ill hardly benefit the prohibitionists. 



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CO 



As a result of their sentence to serve time in the state penitentiary, these tn 
prisoners have lost their civic riiE^ts and, according to the law, noncitizens 
have no right to ask the legislature for anything. But the prohibitionists 
will soon proclaim that the TAdiole state :.iust become dry when even twelve 
hundred Joliet t)risoners have found it desirable. 






, « « BCHEIIIAK 
I B 8 

Illinois Staats~Zeltung:« March 25t 191^* 

STATE POLITICS. 

(Editorial) 

There are politicians, who ccn never get over a defeat, and to these belong 
the supporters of the latest blue-law, the prohibition of smoking in the 
street cars* Naturally, the United Cocieties for Local Self-Government, 
and the Freedom Lea-^ue, v/hich is affiliated v/ith then, are, in the first 
place, made responsible for it, especially "Tony" Cermak, a co-founder of 
the United oocieties, who is scourged because he dared to give advice to a 
few friends at the City's Council meetingt held the dciy before yesterday# 

The chief clerk of the Magistrate's Court, declines decidedly, to claim 
the v^hole honor for the victory of personal liberty, and at th:; same 




f 5 WW- SI 



- 2 - BCH'i:iAN 



Illinois Staats-Zeitung . March 2S% 191'^» 

timet he lets it be known, that one or the other city father, v/ho voted against 
the ordinance in fear of uhe women, has not altoj^ether fallen into disgrace. 

The opponents of srnoking in the street cars and those enjoying nicotine in 
general, mi^^ht, figuratively/ speaking, cost the secret'.ry of the United 
Societies, his scal^ , His opponents v.-ill not rest, till the United 
Societies will disappear entirely from the picture of our city's develop- 
ment. 

A prominent representative of a prohibitionist nev-spf per, even made the 
remark in the City Hall, in the presence of several aldermen, that the 
United Societies, figuretively speaking, ars on their last leg. A few 
aldermen were brave enough to point to such prophecies as remarks, during 
the charter fith of the year 1907» 



I B 8 
IV 



BOHFlIIAi: 




Illinois Staats-Zeitunr.. i^iarch 25, 1914» 
SCAPBGOAT 

(Editorial) 

The former representative and councilnun, and at present chief clerk of the 
Megistr'dte' s Court, Anton J. Cermak, is named the main conspirator by the 
prohibitionists, becsiuse he frustrated the passage of the latest blue law, 
and "Tony", as his colleagues c$ai hin, is not asha'ned of this nev^ nick-name, 
"I have not yet been called a 'a gray v.'olf,"' he declared yesterday in the 
City Hell, "but hy and by, I shall surely turn gray, and then, if any charit- 
able? neighbors v/ant to call me a wolf, then they can. '"hey do not appear 
to have forgotten the fact, that I, as alderman, vdth several colleagues, 
discovered the flat'-rant violations of the tax-lavs, and therefore have earned 
the ill v/ill of the reform party's representatives, ^-ut this is not going 
to cause my hair to turn grey," 



I B 2 B0H3MIAN 



•V 



Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 20, 1913, 

IHiJ FRSS LUNCH MENACE 
(Editorial) 

For years it has been a well-known fact that our prohibitionists stop at -o 
nothing in their fight against the liberal element. We see this once more .^n^^ 
in the controversy concerning free lunches in cafes. The prohibitionists p 
say that if free lunches were abolished we would get rid of at least fifty ^ 
thousand bums at once. These bums come to the city at the approach of winter, g 
knowing that they will get free food when they buy a glass of beer, for which ^ 
they can always "bum" a nickel. What amazing and beautiful logic! It is very^ 
true that men flock to the cities during the winter when work in the country D^ 
stops, and, of course, it is also true that loafers and. bums come with them, 
because it is easier to worry through a winter in the city than on the snowy 
plains of the fanning areas. That is only natural. But It is amusing to see 
someone trying to Insinuate into the public mind the idea that this undesirable 
influx would be averted by the abolition of free lunches in saloons. 



^ 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHSMIAN 

Denni Hlaaatel, Dec. 20, 1913. 

We can now expect some craz7» bigoted "Aquarian" to come forward with the 
sxiggestion that the heating stoves should be removed from cafes because they 
provide free warmth to various undesirable individxials. Unfortunate cafes 1 
They are needlessly causing some people a lot of headaches* ^ 

3* 



o 



I B 2 BOHSt>iIAN 

Deaml Hlasatel , Dec. 7, 1913. 
THE Ti^NGO IS TABOO 

The Cicero town coimcil decided to prohibit the dancing of the tango and all 
other "disorderly" dances. ••••No dances may be held without a special permit 
issued by th9 police captain. •••• 



TO 

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en 



I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

III A WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Dennl Elasatel , Aug. 5, 1913. 

LIBERALS .VIN DT MORTON PARK 

Those who are financially interested in or follow the development of the new 
Bohemian colony in Ilorton Park will be elad to hear that, by a vote of eight 
to one, the local council adopted an ordinance permitting the conduct of cafe 
business in a certain part of the community. The liberal element settled 
in this suburb had been working for quite some time for this privilege. Now 
it has finally succeeded in convincing: the wise members of the council that 
catering to puritanical prejudices would hamper the development of this new 
and promising settlement 

The number of cafes is not limited; the license fee is set at five hundred 

dollars a year The territor-- where cafes are permitted is described as: 

25th Street between b4th and 56th Avenues, the east side of 56th Avenue 
between 25th and 26th Streets, and the south side of 22nd Street between 
54th and 56th Avenues, 






15 2 bch:i::.:ian 

I B 1 

I C Dsnni Illa^atel , Fet. 5. 1?10. 

SDITCR r::ject.t uplift 

?•! — Ohicagc nay well cherish the stron; hope that sometime after next Tun- p 

day it will heccae the most .loral city on the globe. It has just been de- r; 

aided to appoint a comnission v/hose duty it v/ill be to swut everytnin^ v/hich ^ 

mi; ht offend our moral sensibilities, yayor Busse, has been intrusted with g 

the task of forminc- such a commission, and it v/ill consist of fifteen morals- lo 

o 
mongers of both sexes. ]y. Eusse is hi{_:hly pleased to have been thus honor- ^£^ 

ed, and he has declared himself r^.; dy to do, v.-hatever may be asked of him, '*^ 

V/e, however, merely point to the Chicago '.Vomen' s Temperance Union, from 

v/hich some members of the com:.dssion are to be selected. 



BCiiII.:IAK 
I B 2 

J J ^ Dcnni Hi as at el , Feb. 3, I9IO. 

PICUC ■.;i?H~S OF THZ DRYS 

F.4--The Reverend Duncan C. ?;ilner recently delivered a lecture on "Law 
Enforcement, " in which he pointed out the inportance of the next election. 
He expects a mayor to "be elected v/ho will have "backbone enough" to see to 
it that the laws v.lll be follov;ed to the letter. '.'.Tiat pastor Uilner has in 
mind when he refers to the laws is perfectly well known, and he himself 
makes no bones of it. He is explicit, V/e quote him verbatin: 

"Abolish the saloon, and all the saut, the lewdness, and the obscenity v/ill 
vanish v/ith it. This monster cannot be leashed and taned; it must be an- 
nihilated. V;'hy, it has been revealed that dealings in liquor lie at the 
bottom of the corruption in the city hall recently exposed. " 

The only point on v;hich the pastor needs to be corrected is his opinion on 
what type of man should be sought for to succeed Busse, Chicago indubit- 
ably needs for this office a man whose reputation is knovm to be above r 
proach, who will do his duty v/ithout thought of p-^rconal (;ain, and v/ho 
sesses the confidence of the voters to a sufficient degree to insure hi 




- 2 - £GII£i.:i^H 

Semii lUasatel , Feb. 3, I9IO. 

election. But the Reverend !,:r. :'ilner denands the rejection of any candi- 
date wlio declares before the election that hs v/ill not prosecute "certain 
violators" of the lav/. 7he pastor rnav, ho-.vevei, rest assuret: that no r:.an 
vail, ror the tine beinj;;, be elected either mayor or state's attorney whose 
views on the Sunday-closin^ la.v do not coincide v.lth the opinion of the ov- 
erv/helmin£; majority of 'our fellow-citizens. 

h metropolis of Chicago's character and sif:nificance, can intrust the man- 
agement of its affairs only to a man who is free from the yoke of obscur- 
antism, retrogression, and n;/pocrisy. If the opposite thing should happen, 
it v;ould be a crime against the welfare of the city and a mistake, for 
v/hich we should have to pay quickly and dearly. There is no dearth of men 
in Chicago who could hold the office of mayor vath honor to themselves and 
for the ; cod of the city, arid it is er^uall,' true that some man of this char- 
acter should devote all his time and iiis energy to the pro^ioticn of public 
welfare. "Ve have only to knock at the right door. 




I B 2 BOHEMIAN 

I F 5 

XV" Denni ELasatel , Nov. 18, 1909. 

SLACKNESS OF THE UNITED SOCIETIES DECRIED. 

p. 4.. The braxennoss of the prohibitionists knows no bounds, and nov is the » 

time indeed to call them definitely to order. That riff-raff picks out some '^ 

districts, places there two or three of its henchmen iriio will not lose ax^ ^~ 

time to file a petition with the city council asking for a declaration of the '-^- 

district as a '•dry* one. o 



They used to succeed in this up to a short time agoi recently, however. Alder* 
nan Cermak obstructed their practices in numerous ways. But all this is use- 
less, unless more vigorous methods are employed against the nefarious actions 
of the prohibitionists and their terrorising of the liberal majority of the 
citizens. Where are our United Societies for horns rule? 

They should be working right now, for it is no secret to them that the prohi- 
bitionists are at present developing an astonishing energy and are gaining 
position after position. Tes, indeed, it seems that the United Societies let 
their arms lie in their laps and that their leaders says '*We have done enough, 
and want a little rest." Your rest is taking a little too long, gentlemen, 
you should brace yourselves quickly to counteract the dark forces! 



re 




BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 6, 1907, 

CZECH TAVEEiNKEEPERS VERSUS BLUE LAWS 

A meeting of the Czech Tavernkeepers* Association for the purpose of 
discussing the Sunday closing law was held yesterday in the hall of the 
Bohemian-American Free Thought School on 18th Street. The Association had 
publicly announced the reason for the gathering and had invited every inn- 
keeper who intends to Join in the fight against the menace of prohibition. 
Every saloonkeeper is certednly acquainted with the extent of the Sunday 
blue laws, and has completely realized what the consequences would be if 
the antiquated laws should be revived and enforced. 






Ou 



An unusually large number of tavernkeepers, over two hundred, of Czech and !^' 
other nationalities, made their appearance. Many v4io did not belong to the ''^ 
organization applied for membership, paying the five-dollar initiation fee 
and subscribing to the regular monthly dues of $1.50. 

The meeting was opened by John Cervenka, president of the Association, tiSio 
declared that the reports gathered by the first district of the Chicago 



I B 2 - 2 - BOHSfaAN 

II A 2 
IV Denni Hlaaatel , Dec. 6, 1907. 

Barkeepers* Association will be submitted to the meeting to serve as a basis 
for united action. The Association, Mr. Cervenka continued, has been in 
existence for twenty-five years, yet many an innkeeper ascribed only little 
value to it, not grasping its importance to the trade. 

One of the primary objects of the Association is protection against the 
police, whose arbitrary actions are a daily occurrence. In such cases the 
organization stands behind its members to the limit. The rules forbid the 
members to serve liquor to intoxicated persons. Sometimes a tavemkeeper 3 
is ignorant of the actual age of a young man; when trouble results, a lawyer 
is furnished. Flagrant violations of the rules, on the other hand, are 
punished by expulsion from the Association. One rule directs the members to 
refuse to serve liquor to habitual drunkards who neglect their families. 
The rules are in no vay at variance with the one o» clock closing law; the 
organization will not protect violators of this law. The Association does 
not inveigh against laws on viftiich men of sound judgment can agree. 

Many are the victories won by the Association, among them the abolition of 



o 



«/« 



I B 2 - 3 - BOHKMTAN 

II A 2 
IV Depnl Hlasatel . Deo. 6, 1907, 

the billiard and bowling alley tax and the prevention of an increase in the 
Government tax to fifty dollars and the final settlement at twenty-five 
dollars. Numerous readjustments in favor of the saloonkeeper were effected 
without the latter* s knowledge of the forces responsible for the action, 
for which the Association deserves unstinted praise. 

An energetic drive is now under way to secure the close co-operation and 
sincere efforts of the tavemkeepers. They must join the forces whose aim 
is to combat the sinister elements that are trying to bring the United States 
under the control of prohibition. Should these elements succeed in subduing 2 
our Chicago, the rest of the cities all over the country would easily fall ^ 
prey to them. Mr. Cervenka appealed to the assembly, asking that they give ^ 
their i^olehearted support to the Association, and he closed with a resound- *' 
ing "Na Zdarl" (Good Luck I ) 

Attorney Jos, Smejkal addressed the group, pointing out the fallacy in the 
reasoning of many members who had always looked upon the organization as a 
mere sham. No Czech tavemkeeper has yet been arrested for a violation of 
the new ordinance, true enough, and not one has stood before the judge. 



:3o 



I B 2 - 4 - BOKJSwRN 

II A 2 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 6, 1907. 

The first case of this kind will come up in court on December 16, The 

tavemkeepers » league will take up the defense, and the cost will be paid 

by the members. In every municipal court there will be a lawyer engaged 

by the -league. Every member arrested will refuse to plead guilty, but will -%; 

demand a jury trial. The first district has engaged ten lawyers for a fee 

of ten dollars per day to defend all the members brought before the court, b 

The colored tavernkeepers — sixty in number — were refused membership, but •. 

were promised aid in case of arrest, 

o 
The Czech Tavernkeepers' Association draws about fifty per cent of its i^o 
members from other Slavonic groups such as the Poles, Croatians, Slovenians, § 
etc. About seven hundred dollars was collected at the meeting, and sixty- *^ 
four new members were secured. Everyone who attended the meeting left with 
high hopes and a smile of encouragement. 




I B 2 BOKEMIAI'i 

I F 1 
I C 

17 

Denni Hl-sat el, :.:arcn 2, 1901, 

POLITICAL OBLIVIOIJ. 

Alderiran Anton F. Zeman, of the 29th ward, announced thet he v/ill not seek 
reelection. The low paj-inent received by our poor slcerman, for r'hich they 
serve the city day ei'ter day, Ig given as the reason for thi^ decision. Ho 
one, however, will weep over the fading political star of Mr. Anton Zemak. 

Those frrent achievenents in behalf of his countrymen who helped hir. to his 
position with their votes are vsrj'- few - in fact none, for they csnnot be 
found. The single act by which he was glorified, and which surely lost for 
hirn the vote of all conscientious 3ohernians, was when he voted with the 
crack-brained prohibitionists in the City Council a;^ainst the ri.i?hts of 
saloon-keepers. In this way he showed himself to be an eneny toward those 
countrymen in his ward who worked for his election and who through the high 
taxes they pay as saloon-keepers, helped pay hie salary. The renuneration 
for the work done by Aldernan Zeman in the City Council was almost too 
erest and was not the reason for his not wanting to seek reelection. But he 
knov^s that none of his countrymen in the Town of Lake will vote for him and 
without them he cannot be elected. The statement of Alderman Zeman referring 



- o „ 



BOF!i!;''IAN 



Dennl Hlasatel , March 2, 1901. 

to insufficient pay is only a subterfvire to cover the real reason for his 
seekinr reelection. The public c'oes not v/ant him and his political career 
is ended. 







^. :^:..: 



•'■.'■. '■<,:•■ '■-' 



I. ATTrnJDES 
B. Mores 

3. Family Organization 
a. Marriage 




I B 5 a BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. May 13, 1917, 

OFFER FOR MARRIAGE 

(Adv. ) 

Decent yotmg man, aged 30, good mechanic, wishes to become acquainted with 
a nice girl, or widow, of appropriate age, with the prospect of marriage. 
He is goodnatxired and of sober mien. Friendly and genuine proposals, with 
photograph, if possible, may be sent to 2548 So, Homan Avenue, a branch 
office of the Denni Hlasatel , 

translator's note: This sample of many similar adds typifies one of the 
immigrants* ways of getting acquainted with marriage in vlevt^ 




I. ATTITUDES 
B. Mores 
3. Family 

Organization 

b. Parent-Child Relationship 





• I 



I 3 1 b - 2 - BOHSLIIAN 



Svornost . June 1^, 187S 

Teach them, an honest mechr»nic has a greater value even though he has no • ^, 
possessions or wealth, thpn a dozen well-dressed, slick, high-toned idlers. ^ 

r~ 

Teach them to have pleasure in nature through gardenin;^, Seing financially C 

able, teach them music, painting and fine arts, "but keep in mind that these ^ 
accomplishments pre not necessities. £ 

Teach them that to take a walk along the promenade is better than to go rid- ^ 
ing and that flowers growing wild ere much more beautiful to one who knows 
how to observe their, carefully. 

Teach them, to disdain hypocrisy and, whether, yes or no, we should do like- 
wise. 

Teach them, matrimonial happiness does not depend upon outside influences 
nor upon the husband's property but upon his character. 

Having taught them thes^ thitigs and if they understand them, let them seek 
a mate. They will not go astray even without your assistance. 



^W%-;:ifW7 



I. ATTITUDES 
B. Mores 

4. Religious 

Customs and Practices 



. ■. /■.. 






ik-^- 



:■)«■;■ 



^4" 


-■^i)- 




,f:' 






si 


-' 



•iiuuki 



I B 4 BOKSUIAH /c? ^ 

III B 2 {^^H °i 

m C Denni Hlasatel . July 31, 1910. \>^ 'bj 

5th B0H3!n/iK KATICN.^L PILGRIL'IAGS E'CLD IK TIK PARISH OF THE BLSS^ED AGICIS 

P.l, Col. 4 — The 5th Bohemian National Pilgrimage, is being held, in the Parish 
of the Blessed Agnes on '.Vest 27th St., and Central Park Ave. 

The hundreds that will participate in this pilgrimage, will feel, as though 
they v/ere in their homeland. 

Gingerbread cookie booths, snooting gallery, wheels of fortune, hot d.og stands, 
photo-gallery, post office, and in fact, everything expected at a pilgrimage, 
will be at the disposal of the participants. 

The affair is held inside and is more interesting than those of past years. 
For the oldest male and female settlers, splendid prizes v/ill be av;irded. 

There is no reason, why this pilgrimage of the Blessed Agnes, should not be 
successfully attended. 



I B 4 1 • • 

i II B 2 g ' B0H5LELAN 

r III C ' . 

jy . Cvprnost, Liar. 4, 1900. 

LffilTil-I LECTUR2S. ^'^PA (!LL.) PROJ. 30275 

•Hifi liberal community Svobodna Obec is arranging this year, as in previous 
years, their special lectures in the hall of the Boheraian-3nglish school. 
These lectures will be held ever;;- Lenten Sunday for tlie followers of free- 
thinking ideas, for the purpose of strengthening their consciousness that 
blind faith in erroneous public worship and oral prayers is only treachery 
and poison to the heart; that the real God is a sense, the known laws, the 
truth and the love of humanity. 

He suppose the welfare of huraanity is more dependent upon good sense than 
upon errors, .upon light rather than darkness, and that should be sufficient 
motive for everyone who has not yet joined, to join one of our lodges now, 
which are always open to progress and education. 

The speaker of the liberal community Li*. Frank B. Zdrubek chose this year 
a very interesting theme, "Saviors of the Nation," which he will develop 
very accurately, as always . 



I B 4 -2- BOIISvIIAI-T 

Svornost, l!ar. 4, 1900. WPA (UU PROJ. 30275 

The community Svobodna Obec is working not for profit, but for recognition, 

and its only objective is to spread the liglit before those people who are 
still blindfolded, . ' 



I B 4 BOHB^IAN 

Svomost , September 14, 1898 

THE OLD CATHOLIC RELIGION 
mOSQ BOHEtHMS 

The people on all sides axe "beginning to \inderstaiid and assert themselves, 
because the scholastic culture of the last generation has been markedly 
improved, opinions of the world and man's task thereof have been promoted 
among peoples and the spiritual serfdom such as the churches forced on 
their believers during the middle ages has left only those of the preceding 
generation - the old men and old women whose minds are not capable of 
comprehending the new spirit in which the world m.oves. We see improvements 
of this kind going on in all churches, both Catholic and Protestant, 

Here we want to refer to the movement being carried on toward the reform of 
relations of the people toward the Roman Catholic church, which began in 
G-ermany, was carried over to the Poles in America and is beginning to work 
aunong the Bohemians, not only in America, but in the land of their 
ancestors as well. 



I B 4 -3- BOHEMIAN 

Svomost, September 14, 1898 

The Germans called this reform movement old Catholicism, They had a bishop 
consecrated as an old-Catholic for the purpose of acquiring apostolic succession 
from the Orthodox Bishops, and this old-Catholic Bishop now ordains priests 
and bishops with the same right of apostolic succession as the Roman Catholics 
do. 

Old Catholicism has for its aim the retention of old time Catholic teachings 
with all the rituals, sacraments and religious dogmas as observed by the old 
Catholic church, but it does not accept the newer perverted versions, appendages, 
superstitions, evil orders and nuisances x^ich in the course of time came into 
practice in the church and by which the people were spoiled or the more 
intelligent were driven away from religion. 



l"^ — BOESMIAtI 

IV i 

Svornost, Jan. 23, 1883. .. ^^„, ^^,^ 
' WPA (ILL ■> PROJ 30275 

TKE SP2AI2E OF - SVOBODIIS OBCE - ( HJDSPSMDEI'mT? 
S0CI2TY) IS AUTIIGRIZjID 'TO FilR^BI.! TIE I.IAS^IAGE GSRSI.10Iir. 

The county circuit clerk in Chica.^o, llr. Ryan, was persuaded by somebody that 
it would not be conforming with the law, if the speaker of "Svobodne Obce'* a 
Bohanian independent society, incorporated as '♦Congregation of Bohemian Free- 
thinkers" can possess the ri.^t to perform the marriage ceremony like other 
ministers of the Gospel, who have the rl-^ht to do it according to state laws, 

llr, Ryan invited the speaker, I.i*. Frank B. Zdrubek, last Saturday and expressed 
to him his doubts, requesting him at the sa;r.e time, to visit the district 
attorney, Llr, Blisse and find out from him what the law says about it, to be 
sui-e of the legality of the situation. 

Conforming with Lj:, Ryan's request, the speaker li". Zdrubka, explained the 
whole matter to the district abtorney, who fbimd the proper law and the decisions 
of the supre;^ court in similar questions, and sent his opinion in writing to 
the circuit clerk. 



I B 4 



-2- 



Svomost, Jan. 23, 1383. 






It stated that as lonr^ as t'r.e speaker of the •♦Svobodne Obce" acts lawfully, 
he is considered by the law as a 'Minister'* like every preacher, Jewish, Mormon 
or Christian, andhas the le 3a]. ri -^at to perform this ceremony. The speaker of 
the '*3vcbodne Obce" started to perform the marria -e ceremonies in April, 1878, 
after consulting a prominent lawyer, Llr. E. Rubens, and the district attorney 
praised Ulr, Rubens, stating that he was right in reference to this question 
and his advice was ler^al. 



I. ATTITODES 

C. Own and Other 
National or 
Language Groups 



I C BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel. July 15, 1918. 

CHICAGO TO Y^mCE 

....The French people of Chicago and their friends commemorated the storming 5 
of the Bastille ^ 



The Czechs, vrtio have always been friends of the French nation, held a separate -t? 

celebration in the Pilsen Brewery Paric last Saturday. It was attended hy our § 

national associations and large crowds of our fello;v countrymen. The meeting co 

was a complete success. ' nj 



w 



I C B0H3MIAN 

III B ;5 a 

III B 2 Dennl Hlasntel . July 14, 191b, 

rv 

FROLl TILS CZ3GK BUHi^iU 

It Chicago Czechoslovaks were ever accoraed rlatterinc recognition, they 
certainly receivea it last Friday in a meeting or the Irninigrant League. 
Representatives of thirty-three nationalities of Chicago were gathered in 
the La Salle Hotel; llr. Felix J. Streyclcnan presided. Czechs were repre- 
sented by Llessrs. Anton J. Cerraak, F. G. Ilajicek, and Joseph J. Salat. L',r. 
Streyckman spoke of the memorable meeting at the tomb of George 'A'ashington 
at Mount Vernon. President V/ilson delivered an address, the essence of 
which was the assurance that the V/orld V.ar, this great tragedy, will not 
be ended until tiie main purpose is attainea — to wit, tne utter defeat of tne 
enemy and the liberation of all small nations now groaning under foreign 
rule. 

The press has already informed our people that Lr. Karel (Charles) Pergler 
was in the President's party on that significant occasion, representing the 
Czechoslovaks. The President was at that time assured of tiie infinite 



5 






I C - 2 - BOHMIi^ 

III B 3 a 

III B 2 Dennl HlasatQl, July 14, 1918. 

IV 

loyalty of the immigrants. 

In the La Salle Hotel meeting, the Fourth of July celebration was discussed, 

and right there the participation by the Czechoslovaks was pointed out as ^ 

having been the most impressive in manner as well as in compass. The celebra- jj 

tion by the Chicago Czechoslovaks is spoken of all over the United States as ^ 

of overwhelming magnitude, and is pointed out as a shinning example to all ^ 

other nationalities. Professor Liiller of Oberlin College declared that 75,000 ^ 

immigrants took part in the New York celebration. This number is below that "" 
of the celebrating Chicago Czechoslovaks alone I 

Professor i,Iiller, by the way, enjoys a world reputation. He spoke with great 
enthusiasm of the Czechoslovak nation. It was a real pleasure for us to hear 
how correctly he pronounced the word "Czechoslovak". A speech of the same 
tenor was made by another man who occupies a high position in ^erican life, 
Mr. liiddlebore, first assistant to the i^djutant General of tne State of 
Illinois. 



o 






I G - o - BOimilAN 

III B 3 a 

III B 2 Denni Klasatel , July 14, 191b, 

IV 

Representatives or other nationalities also paid remarkable attention to 
the cause of the Czechoslovaics. Jev/s, Italians, and the Jrencn celebrants 
symbolized the aims oi' the Czechoslovalcs on their allegorical floats. The 
Czechoslovaic delegates nad to listen to so much praise throughout the meeting 
that finally Mr. Cermalc deemed it fit to say a few words in response. Bb 
expressed sincere tnanks for the recognition, v/nile declaring that the Czech- 
oslovaics aid notning but what they considered to be their duty. They do 
not expect to be singled out I'or praise. The only compensation they nope for 
is what really belongs to them, and that is justice. 

This meeting will not be forgotten* 






I C BOHSHIAN 

III H (Serbian) 

17 ' Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 28, 1918, 

CHICAGO FOR THE SERBIANS 

(Summary) 

In the auditorixm yesterday afternoon there was a great demonstration in honor 
of the Serbian mission of which Dr. Milenko Vesni5 is the leader. .... 

....Grovemor Lowden presided... ..There was a great percentage of Czechs, 
Slovaks, Poles, and other Slavs at the reception..... 



o 



Dr. ^^aroslav fJ/ Stoietanka was to have spoken for the Czech people of Chicago. ^^ 
He could not appear, however, for he was detained by Important business. S 
Another member of the Czech National Alliance took his place. «^ 



I C BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) (Slovak) 

III H (Slovak) Dennl Hlasatel. Jan, 20, 1918, 

TO THE CZBCH PEOPLE IN CHICAGO 
(From the Coimittee of the Czech National Alliance In Chicago) 

The Slovaks, our brothers, are making preparations for the bazaar which they 
will hold in the halls of the paylllon of the Pllsen Brewery Park, January 

27 to February 3. The Slovaks of Chicago have always been in the forefront ^ 

vdienever we Czechs have held a celebration, festivity, or bazaar. They have S 

shown their sympathetic attitude toweord us by extending financial and moral '^ 

support and imnediate participation. The Slovaks have thus helped us to ^ 

make our enterprises brilliant successes. We €u>e deeply indebted to thenu ^ 

2 

Our Slovak brothers in Chicago are busy with arrangements for a big bazaar. ^ 

This affair promises to become a grand demonstration of love for their S 
distressed motherland. It proposes to demonstrate that Slovaks, Just like *** 
us Czechs, are ready to put forth sacrifices for the liberation of beautiful 
Slovak lands. 

Ihe Slovaks did not approach us directly for support* Yet we feel that Czech 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 e (3) (Slovak) 

III H (SlOTak) Dennl Hlasatel. Jan* 20, 1918. 

Chioago is under a great obligation from a national and patriotic point of 
Yiew, and tliat we are honor-bound to participate in their noble work* 

We urge the Czech people of Chicago, members of the various branches of the 

Czech Nationed Alliance, and all friends of the Slovaks to participate in 

large numbers, and so reciprocate all that the Slovaks have contributed to 

our successes* All donations from Czech friends to the Slovaks, our brothers, ^ 

will surely be accepted with the greatest joy. They should be addressed to S 

Ibe Slovak Bazaar Coraaittee, 710 West 18th Street, Chicago, Illinois. ^ 

r- 

We expect that the Czech public of the City of Chicago will peorticipate in "^ 

mviltitudes and contribute generously to the brilliant success of this bazaar 2 

idxich is sponsored by the Slovak League* ^ 

rs> 

Signed: The District Committee of the Czech National Alliance in Chicago. ^ 




I C BOHEMIAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel« Sept. 6, 1917. 

VJHAT TO DO Wrm THE MAYOR 

(Sunmary of Editorial) 

The most important question before the people of Chicago is how long Mayor 
William Hale Thompson is going to be kept in office 

His pro-German attitude was being dismissed with a laugh up to the moment 
when he refused to welcome Marshal Joffre v;ho is visiting here with French 
and British representatives.... but now the National Defense Council and nu- 
merous other organizations are of the opinion that the only means of deposing 
the Mayor is by impeachment for malfeasance in office*.*.. 

Whatever may happen to Thompson, whether he be driven from office or allowed 
to remain, it is certain that he will be remembered as the most despicable 
mayor Chicago has ever had. 



I C BOHELIATJ 

I F 4 

I G Denni igasatel . Aug. 14, 1917. 

_^HICAGO ZDuiLLY DESTROYS EUliGEROUS FRCPAG^^.DaT' 

(Editorial) 

The Chicago School Board, v;hich is controlled by Layor Thompson, had to 
submit to the pressure of public opinion, finally. It has administered 
a regular "kick" to His Llajesty from the House of Kohenzollern by bann- 
ing the page containing the Kaiser story from the schoolbooks. 

This victory of the populace of Chicago should not be taken as final. 
The affair ovight to have an aftermath. The Kaiser has admirers not only 
in Chicago, but they are dotting the entire United States, and school- 
books all over the Union are teeming v;ith articles disseminating pro- 
German tendencies. Radical steps should be taken by discerning Chicago 
citizens to initiate a v/idespread campaign to extirpate the pxiffy signals 
to the "Vaterland" (Fatherland) v;hich, in the course of years, have been 
so cunningly planted in the schoolbooks. The American public has been /'l-\ 



I C - 2 - BUKE2.:iAJJ 

I F 4 

I G Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 14, 1917. 

by far too indxilgent in regard to this matter, but it is luckily becoming 
aware of the fact that its tolerance was bestowed not only on an unv/orthy ob- 
ject, but on an extremely dangerous one, and that it is necessary to block 
the propaganda decisively. 




I C B0EST/7AN 

I f 6 

I A 1 a Denni Klasatel . Aug. 8, 1917. 

THE KAIS3R .jTNS 

Mayor Thompson may feel gratified with the behavior of the School Board 
appointed by him. The Board, like the JJayor, is avoiding everything that 
night possibly hurt the feelings of the Germans, here and abroad, and it is 
striving to sho:*; that Chicago really is "the sixth largest German city in 
the world, •* as the Mayor put it. We have no School Board — we have a German 
"Schulrat"'. 

The Board rejected a proposal by I'x. Czarnecki by seven votes to three. Mr. 
Czarnecki's motion demanded that the parents of one hundred thirty thousand 
Chicago school children be requested and encouraged to tear the page contain- 
ing the offensive "Kaiser story" from the books. Still another motion by 
Mr. Czarnecki was defeated proposing that the superintendents of the various 
schools prepare a list of the names of all parents who refuse to tear out 
the page; the list is to be submitted to the Government for further action. 
The Board passed a motion by Superintendent Shoop purporting the removal of 
fully forty pages from seventy thousand school books; the remainder of the 



"V,'l 



- 2 - BOIIEMLAIT 



I F 6 

I ri. 1 a Denni Hlasatel , .-lUg. 8, 1917. 

schoolbooks are to be used in tha ei^:hth srade only. Among the forty pages 
to bs torn out is X>h<=) one containing the "Kaiser story." I.'j?. Czarnecki 
pointsa out the inconssquence of such proceedinf;s, but his objection rias over- 
ruled. 

The meeting was a stormy one i'j?s. Snodgrass declared that by suggesting 

to a child to tear out the page it is taught a destructive practice v/hich is 
related to anarchism. Irs. rnornton, another member, concurred in this opinion, 
and added tliat v/hen she was a little .^irl, she ivas being constantly warned 
against spoiling; or danaginjT anything. To this Mr, Czarnecki answered "*7e can- 
not fight against the Kaiser with gloves on. He alone, is responsible for 
the innumerable murders. ..." 

The whole matter was referred to : r. Shoop, '.vho declared that the issue is too 
difficult and delicate a matter to be decided mon rrecipitately. 

The ladies and gejitlemen now dominating"; the School Board had intended to ''*'ii-i» ^., 









I C - 5 - BOHSiJAN 

I F 6 

I A 1 a Denni Hlasatel , ^lUg. 8, 1917. 

distribute a few juicy plums in the forin of well paid jobs, but in viev; of 
the iiapending criticism from the public, they postponed further action. 




I C BOHEatlAN 

I F 6 

I F 4 Dennl Hlasatel , Aug, 6, 1917. 

I G 

SHOOP IS VERY INGRATIATING 

(Editorial ^ Sunmary) 

When John D. Shoop, superintendent of the Chicago schools, was asked last 
night Kriiether he is willing to take steps to remove the obnoxious article 
about the German Kaiser from the school books, he answered that nothing could 
be done, '^e cannot be sentimental in this matter," he said. 

This comes from Mr. Shoop, who has been assuring parents of Czech school 
children for the past two years that a new school book would be published, 
in which no more praise is to be given the Kaiser. Mr. Shoop is collaborating 
with the seven loyal members of the School Board who have been appointed by 
Mayor Thompson, who controls these eight men. The Mayor's attitude towards 
the War is sufficiently known and sheds the proper light upon the further 
utterance of Mr, Shoop in regard to the issue. "We do not want to hurt the 
feelings of anybody." He failed to explain whose feelings he meant. He am- 
plified his statement by using the excuse that there v/as not enough money on 
hand for a new edition. Such an excuse as this has never been offered in com- 
plaints up to date. 




I C - 2 - . BOHEBflAN 

I F 6 

I F 4 Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 6, 1917. 

I G 

The School Board closed a contract with the P. F. Pettibone Company on June 2, 
for forty thousand school books for the price of only $4,000. Mayor Thompson 
created a position on the School Board which pays ^'4,000 to his protege, Morton 
McComick. Another forty thousand school books could have been bought for 
one year* s salary 

Besides the Czechs, other nationalistic groups such as the Poles, Italians, 
Greeks, and French, will make efforts to have the pernicious article vftiich is 
poisoning the minds of our children removed. It will be one of their first 
actions up for consideration in the meetings to be called soon. Not only 
parents of school children are to be invited, but all the newly enlisted 
soldiers as well. Of the latter, it is expected that they will give vent 
to their resentment of the article that praises the very man whom they are 
to fight at the risk of their lives. The meeting will surely bring results. 
The Czech National Alliance, the Polish Alliance, and similar organizations 
of other language groups are preparing a monster protest against the behaviour 
of the School Board. Each part of the city is to be organized in order to 
effectively combat the few loyal friends of the "Chicago Kaiser." 




I c 

I A 1 a 

I G 

I C (German) 



BOHSMIiiN 



Dennl Hlasatel. Jiay 21, 1917 • 
^OMB DISGUSTING aE0UGm's7 
(Edit orial— Summary ) 



• • • • Some of the members of the Chicago School Board, which is con- 
trolled by Mayor Thompson, have the cheek to stand for a story in the 
books used in grade schools giving praise to the German KJaiser* J\gain, 
other members cannot see why the Chicago Poles raise an objection to the 
name of a public school which is located in the heart of their settle- 
ment on the Northwest side of our city, and which is disfigured by the 
name of Bismarck* 

Not only the Poles, but we Czechs as well ought to be grateful to Mr, 
Anthony Czamecki who is making every possible effort to have the name 
changed from the obnoxious "Bismarck School*** 

Is there one among us Czechs who, at the mention of Bismarck, '*the Iron 




10 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

I G Deiml Hlasatel. July 21, 1917. 

I C (Geiman) 

Chancellor," would not think of the many thousands of our boys mowed 
down by the Prussian armies that invaded Bohemia in the IVar of 1866? 




I C BOIEIvIIAN 

I C {German) 

Denni laasatel . July 14, 1917. 

^ONCR TC VJHOM HONOR IS DTJ^ 

The Czech liational Alliance submitted a request to the School Board to change 
the name of the Biamarck School, This Institute is located on /irmitace and 
Central Park Avenu-ss, The petition deiaands that the school be named after 
someone who represented de;;iocracy and liberty better for the world than did 
the first German chancellor. 





I C B0H5MIAM 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennl Hlasatel« July 8, 1917, 

I G 

17 SPEECH BY" 70JTA BSNSS 

Delivered at Harrison High School July 6, 1917, 
at John Hus Memorial Service 

{Summary) 

Vojta /Adalbert/ Benes is the brother of Dr. Edouard (Edward) Benes, second 
president of the Czechoslovak republic. He is a schoolteacher by profession, 
was formerly a resident of Chicago, and is recognized as one of the fore- 
most leaders in the movement for the liberation of Czech lands from Austrian 
rule. 

Four lines of verse of the dismal contents gave the cue to his speech. 
"These horrible dirges were those that we dreaded so much," he began. "They 
took the tranquility from our days, they robbed us of our night rest, they 
destroyed the confidence in our existence. How hard, how painful was llfel 



*. 



I C - 2 - BOPmilAN 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Denni Hlasatel , July 8, 1917. 

I G 

IV "There tvas no sun for us, and the laughter of our children 

sounded to us like an ugly jeer at fate. Our Czech national 
convictions and their spirit — we sunk them into a deep tomb. There were 
such terrible ideas in the obscurity of the nights during the last three 
years — not all the time, but frequently. They hovered over the nation 
like a shroud of despair. There was no East, there was no dawn. Black 
shadov7s of death only and graveyard elegies crisscrossed our souls, batter- 
ing our hopes, VJe feared that our nation would die just as our poet, 
Bezruc, sings: 'Night is breaking over my people. We are boimd to perish 
before dawn — .' 

"Today, on the five hundred and third anniversary of the martyr, John Hus, 
the loyal Czech-American people are reminded of the past and the present 
of o\ir nation. After bad nights of doubt, after terrible ordeals and ad- 
verse fate which flogged and are still flogging our nation — this nation 
has risen before the forum of mankind, a big, strong and determined people. 





I C - 3 - BOIi£I./!Ii^ 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Denni Hlasatel . July 8, 1917. 

I G 

IV The speaker holds out hope to his nation, quoting the great 

Czech poet, Otakar Brezina: "Our victories are the roads to 
■nieel** 

"To him, to our great Jan /John/", I turn again with you." The speaker pro- 
ceeded to depict a time of storm and stress, a period of which the chronicler 
says: " 'Gold drove out love, the svrord drove out the Cross, and Christ was 
driven from the Temple by a rabble of pharisees,* It was a tiiae of greatest 
expansion of the power of the church, and of its moral decadence at the 
same time. The mind of humanity v/as shackled; blind obedience was demanded, 

and sheer creed, but no love The church v;as dominated by German- 

influence and filled with German lust for pov;er. It becarae a political 
pov;er and its kingdom of heaven became a kingdom of this earth. This medi- 
eval canbined autocracy'' of state and church did not want the soul of the 
nations; it threatened their mental, national, and social development; it 
threatened the nations and their cultural existence. 



I G 
I D 
I D 
I G 
IV 



1 
1 



a 
b 



- 4 - 



Denni Hlasatel. July 8, 1917. 



BOHELZAN 



"Materialism, which drove out pure religion from the church 
of that time, and made the latter a mere handmaid of the 
political power and reaction; materialism represented the values of life, 
Man, in those times, ceased to be a brother, but became a tool for mate- 
rialistic conceptions of life. Delight and comfort, gold and incest, be- 
came the desirable essence of life, Llan was not the image of God any more; 
life became a valley of tears for some, and a Sodon and Gomorrah for others 
Man in the middle ages was born for the church, although the church was 
created for him, Man was here for the world, and for those who ruled it, 
who hid behind the cloak of the church of the Lord, 




"In this atmosphere of materialism and Germanism, of German conceptions of 
life, in this atmosphere of irreligious formalism, there met two worlds: 
the Germanizing world of the powerful which Germanizes not only by the 
tongue, but by the mind as well; it is the world of the power of the church, 
The other world is that of the small frightened peasant, of the suffering 
ones, who, however, feel with the soul of our nation. 



I C - 5 - B0H3LII/K 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennl Hlasatel. July 8, 1917. 

I G 

IV "These latter people who worked hard in the fields, who have 

learned to know the value of bread earned by honest work, have 
also learned to love liberty of the mind as they saw it in the Scriptures. 
They learned the value of real Christian life. They were longing for 
truth, harsh as it may sound, the truth as hard as the soil upon which 
they worked, and as hard as the callouses on their hands. This was the 
world of the only truth, it xvas the world of toil and prayer. In this 
world, where toil was prayer, in this world John Hus was bom, the son 
of poverty, the son of a small nation, the son of the soil. He was 
severe, sincere, relentless toward himself and othersj a peasant, as they 
grow up in the southern part of Bohemia. The schism between the Scriptures 
and life of those times, the abyss betweeen Hus* conscience and the lusting 
for pleasure and comfort,- characteristic of those times, drove him to the 
stake, into death, a martyr for his convictions ••.••" 

The speaker pictured Hus as the protagonist of genuine faith and liberty 
of the mind, as he stood up for his nation . • . . • 




I C - 6 - B0E3I>!IAN 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennf ELasatel, Jiay 8, 1917. 

I G " 

17 "And yet his nation lost out. After the battle on the B£la 
Hora ^j^ite Moxintai^ the nation suffered terribly for three 
hundred years. There were those v^ho cried out: *3ee how far Husitism has 
led youl* But was it the Husitic democracy that was responsible for the 
downfall of our nation?" 

"The real cause," the speaker continued, "was that the nation strayed away 
from the great democratic ideals upheld by John Hus, The nation threw 
away the strong doctrines of pure Christianity, rejected truth, and turned 
to selfishness and the very materialism against which Master John Hus 
preached. The greed for gold and the lust for power were contrary to the 
principles of Hus and the Bohemian Brothers " 

"Today, again the land of our birth is the battling ground of these ideas; 
our country is again the central point of the strife, 'Between us and the 
ideas of Austria, that servant of Germany, there can be no peace!* This is 
the slogan that comes from our Thomas G. Masaryk in Geneva, Switzerland. 





I - 7 - B0H5MIAN 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Demif Hlasatel. July 8, 1917, 

I G 

IV It means that we are renewing the old fight, the struggle in 

which we were once defeated, which we have never lost neverthe- 
less, as it is the fight for the best of mankind, .^e are happy to again 
fight for the same cause as did Hus • • • . • Me are fighting in the 
same ranks with great nations, to the tune of one great song, the Marseillaise 
of mankind, our battle cry of victory. 

"The fate of Bohemia is and shall be the fate and the sign of fight. It 
shall point to the victory of mankind, and of its soil. 

"Autocracy was always outlined by German violence; it is making desperate 
efforts now before the world to cast off the shameful mark of guilt and 
reaction. Havlfcek says: *As reaction is a shameful thing, nobody is 
willing to admit being a reactionary, just as a card shark will not hang 
out a shingle with his name and profession given as card shark.* 

"We are facing the same fi^t today that our forebears faced four hundred 



I C - 8 - BOESMIAN 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Demi Hlasatel , July 8, 1917. 

I G 

IV years ago. 7/e are fighting Vienna and Berlin now. Medieval 

heretics have chan^^ed into defenders of the Czech nation. The 
purpose of the strugp;le is the same — to show v;hether brutality can destroy 
ideas and the rights of a nation in its national attitude " 

The speaker continued by f;ivin«; explicit explanations on the purposes of 

the present fir.ht "The German state has becone the ideal of the 

German race. It knov;s not liberty of the individual, it does not knov; a 
liappy* inner, and external life, it does not know freedom of conscience, 
the liberty of a nation. It knows only the liberties which were taken by 

the Emperor It is not the state of •^ood, straipihtforward people, 

a state of nations. V/hat, then, is this state that has become the disaster 
of mankind? This state is the state of those who rovem it, who preach the 
gospel of force and have rejected the evangel of love; those who claim that 
right is on the side of mirht. 

", These mighty ones have made a god of the state in order to subject man, as 




I C - 9 - BCHaiJIAIT 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Denni Hlasatel . July 8, 1917, 

I G 

IV a slave, to it, and to those who have re-made the evangel of 
force into an evangel of God 

"Ihis is the reason for the miserable life in the strong states, a miser- 
able life for every- individual who has no right to think, who has no right 
to live. It is the state that does the thinking and living for him. The 
state possibly gives him his daily bread, but takes his brains from him. 
This state must of necessity be given to materialism, and represent the 
medieval church, for it is based on force. This is why it creates armies. 



"This again is the reason why that state drove other nations into war, so 

that we are now fighting a battle of life and death Our people 

responded with one breath and in one spirit " 

In describing the conditions in Czech lands at the present time, Mr. Benes 
reminded the audience of the sufferings of the people. He drew a parallel 




I C - 10 - BOI-IigvIIAN 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Denni Hlasatel . July 8, 1917. 

I G 

IV between John Hus and the individual patriots under the Austrian 

yoke. Kus was branded v/ith the Cain's mark as an heretic; in like 
manner Czech patriots who stood up for the right of their nation were 
branded as 'traitors', jailed, exposed to starvation, and sent to the 
gallows, Llany of these men fled their native country, became exiles; 
others went into battle to die for their country on the side of the 
Allies, 

'"The spirit of IIus, that spirit which has been disavowed so often, that 
viril and strong spirit, that spirit of truth and courage, has uplifted 
our nation and inspired us to victory I It raised the courage of our whole, 
undivided people! 

"1.'^ brethren and sistersl I believe that the moment is near when we shall 
be free from that century-old misery, and that v/e shall be returned to the 
majesty of our nation in which we shall find truth, life, and happiness 




I C - 11 - . BOHSLIIM 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennf Hlasatel. July 8, 1917. 

I G 

IV" for oiir future generations " 

The speaker closed in high poetic, awe-inspiring language, voicing his 
confidence in the re-birth of the Czech nation. 




I C BOHELIJj\N 

II B Je d (3) 

Denni Hlasatel , June 2, 1917. 

TO EliCQLR^'vGE SELF-CRITIC ISL 

(Editorial) 

(Summary) 

He who acutely observes the environment and ivays of our Czech-American 
commxinity will notice things that provide food for thought. Ore of the 
conspicuous characteristics of the Czechs in America is the lacic of self- 
criticism and insincerity in the exercise of it. V7e find this ieficiencj' 
not only in our national and social life, but also in our ever:day life, 
v.'hich has become to most people just an endless chase after the dollar, 
and this in turn has been adopted as the battle cry of every individual. 
Experience proves this. This lack of self-criticism and this insincere 
manner in which it is being practiced results in a proclivity to take offense 
easily, as is v.'ell depicted in Podebradka, by the well-knovm New York Czech- 
American writer and journalist, Karel Horky, This trait of character was 



I G - 2 - BOHEiiJAN 

II B 2 d (2) ■ 

Dennl Hlasnte l, June 2, 1917. 

one of the first observations made by that '/.Titer upon his arrival in Kev/ 
York, v;here he has now made his home, 

Czechs v/ho have settled in America are, for the most part, a very pecxiliar 
people. They view all things with optimism, and they are convinced that 
everything they do is of the best. They criticize the work of others but 
are sensitive to criticism directed against themselves, especially when it 
might produce results unfavorable to them. Many, not all of them, are given 

to vanity and conceit, resulting in disappointments If there y;ere less 

vanity among our fellow countrymen, the communit:/' would fare better in many 
respects 

V/e do not knov/ how to face the truth. This fault may at some future tine 
be a liability to us. V/e do not acknowledge our mistakes, even when v;e 
ourselves have recognized thsm. Our reason for this is that v;e are to 
blame. If others "had done it," v;e would subrit them to scorching censure. 
The fact that our ov;n work is at issue, knocks the protective weapon, 



I C - 3 - BOHElvIIAlM" 

II B 2 d (3) 

Denni Hlasatel, June 2, 1917. 

self-criticism, from our hand. If this v/eapon still remained in our grip, 
v;e would try to dull its edro or make it less obnoxious in some way or other. 
At times like those just mentioned, a goodly portion of our insincerity is 
dormant • • . • • 

The ancient Greeks, guided b^'- one of their eminent philosophers, believed 
that v:hat is expressed in the words "Kna;/ Thyself!" v;as one of the greatest 
feats of man 

It is our duty to learn frcm others \'Je should search our innermost 

thoughts and practice criticism of ourselves It is most important for 

our own v/elfare in Czech-American national and social life. 



1 C BOIIEMLAN 

I S 

I G Dennl Hlasatel. Ivlay 29, 1917. 

iiGAINST MILITARISM 

(Editorial) 
(Suraniary) 

The V/ar waged by the United States is directed not only against many evils, 
under which subjugated nations are groaning, but also against militarism. 
It is, in fact, militarism which is to be destroyed in the first place. 
The oppression of other nations, and autocracy v/ith its exploitation of 
the working classes, are bound to fall with the destruction of militarism, 
In consideration of this, our radicals, pretending to be deeply concerned :; 
with the welfare of the laboring classes, ought to be in the first ranks 
of our warriors • • • • • 

A Chicago German Socialist paper printed an article on militarism which we 
have translated for the benefit of our readers, VJhat we are unable to com- 




I c 
I E 
I G 



- 2 - 



Dennl HLasatel. May 29, 1917 • 



B0II3I.IIAN 



prohend is the reluctance of the German Socialists and the ianerican 
Socialist organizations controlled by them, to join in the fight to down 
militarism, 

"The last bulwark of capitalism is the army v/ith its cannons and rifles 
and rigid discipline • • • • • Is this not a devilish institution? • • 

• • ,** the article reads. 

Militarism is a sore which undermines the happiness of the nations • • 

• • it is a monster* 

Mong all the monsters, the militarism of Germany and Austria is the 
ugliest. It is being obediently served by the oocialists of Germany, 
and also by those of the United States, who place every obstacle in the 
way of oiir Government in its combat against militarism. \'ih.y do not the 
Germans follov; the example of Russia, v/hom they have dubbed "backvrard," 




I c 

I 3 
I G 



- 3 - 



Denni Hlasatel. May 29, 1917, 



B0KE2/iLAl^ 



and why do not the Austrians do as the Czech and other Slavonic sol'lliers? 
They refused to obey their commanders when they were ordered to kill! 
Vfliy do Austrian and Hungarian regiments fire at those objectors, v;hen 
they themselves count many members of that party who condemn War? 



The present I7ar could be quickly stopped if the German people only v?ould 
emulate the Russian people v;ho got rid of the Czar; they should depose 
the ICaiser, destroy militarism, and blast their pan-Germanistic dreams. 
All other nations are anxiously waiting for this to happen, so that they 
can extirpate militarism and everything with it v^ich has made this 
horrible i-ar possible • • • • • Until the Germans themselves decide 
to take steps such as these, the fight against them must be continued* 
The United States deserves the praise of the whole v/orld for having 
taken part in the struggle, for it is rendering invaluable service to all 
thd nations* He, who works against this War, prompted to do so under 



I c 
I e" 

I G 



- 4 - 



BOHan/J^J 



Denni HI as at el. May 29, 1917. 



whatever slogan, damages the cause not only of .Merica, but of all the 
nations, especially of those enthralled under the yoke of Germanism, 



■ «</ 



m. 



v^. 



I C BOHSIigAN 

I F 4 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel . May 26, 1917, 

I F 6 _ 

/gratitude/ 

(Editorial) 

The horizon of every man in Ihiblic office can be easily gauged by the 
manner in which he shows his appreciation of the good will of, and of 
the confidence placed in him by his constituency. Particular tact in 
regard to this is required in Chicago, a preeminently cosmopolitan 
city, the heterogeneous nationalistic elements of which are entitled 
to a representation on the School Board. There is a very large niimber 
of Czech and Slavonic voters here who were instriaraental in the election 
of Mayor Thompson two years ago. 

The Mayor, nevertheless, did not deem it proper to appoint a Czech to 
the Board. One member, iip. Antony Czarnecki, is a Pole. Other nationalities 
are represented in larger numbers. The neglect exists; it borders on 
political backwardness on our part perhaps, but we do not regret this 



V!.Pi. 



I C - 2 - BOHSTflAN 

I F 4 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel , May 26, 1917. 

I F 6 

in the last analysis. The present administration of our city is so had, its 
conscience is burdened with so much glaring mischief that any closer contact 
with it would heurm us rather than do us any good. 




I c 



BOHSmAN 



I F 4 
I F 5 
I F 6 



Dennl Hlasatel , May 23, 1917. 

^YOR THOMPSON IGNORES CZEC^ 

(Editorial) 

Our "Mister Mayor," \Tilliam H. Thompson, has not named one single Czech 
to the office of member of the School Board. This is not surprising. 
On the contrary, we would have beenr surprised if the !.!ayor had acted 
justly and impartially. He is not a sincere American, neither a 
sincere Chicagoan, nor a sincere Republican. He is merely a politician; 
he is a "Thompsonite," leader of the political clique by the support of 
which he is striving to keep in the foreground of political life. It 
was this clique which he had in mind when appointing members to the 
School Board. Czechs do not belong to this clique, which is the reason 
why none of them were appointed. 




I c 

I F 2 

I F 3 

I F 4 



3CTi:!.:i;i: 



Dennl Illasatel , I-.'^y 18, 1Q17, 
(iJditorial) 



In the next nieetinG of the City Council, the :.;ayor ■ ill probablj^ make 
reconnendations on the nenbers of the Jchool board. It is very ir.iportant 
for us that one of the neribers be of Czech stock. In former times, vie 
alv;ays v;ere certain of having one of our coimtryiaen on the board. Under 
the administration of Mayor Thompson, hov/ever, ".;e did not rely upon the 
chance of a similar appointment, thour-ii v;e felt entitled to it. The Czech 
friends of the I.Iayor ought to make clear to him that the appointment is 
not a mere affair of politics, but an acknov;ledf;ement of the rights of 
citizens and taxpayers, vho form an important part of the comra-unity, and 
who demand adequate representation. 



'm%'^ 



I C BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

I A 3 Denni HLasatel. May 18, 1917, 

I F 3 

I F 4 ' DUTIES OF THE AMERICAN CZECHS TOWARD 
III C THEIR NE\V HOMELAND 

I Gr (Address by the Reverend Jan Rynda in the Memorable 

Meeting of the National Alliance of Czech Catholics) 

(Summary) 

"Paul, an apostle of the nations, while iniprisoned, created a state of awe 
among the Roman and Jewish soldiers by his determined bearing* On being 
asked by a Roman high official whether or not he was a Roman citizen, he 
answered: *I am.' It was then, and ever before considered an honor for 
him who could say of himself that he was a Roman citizen* 

"There is no higher title which could be bestowed on man or woman than 
that of American citizen* We are American citizens and proudly attest to 
our loyalty to the flag irtiich is the symbol of liberty • • • • . After 
the Civil War, when freedom was established, men and women from all the 







I 
I 
I 
I 



A 
A 
F 
F 



III 
I G 



1 
3 
3 
4 
C 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel. May 18, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



oppressed £\iropean coimtries flocked to the shores of Merica, 
where they found *a govenunent of the people, by the people and 
for the people,* as President Lincoln defined lt« We have no 
dictators or monarchs • • • • • 




"l.!y fellow-countrymen! Whatever we have accepted from anybody constitutes 
ani obligation, and to meet it, shoxild be a point of honor to us* Is there 
anytiiing better and more sublime than what Merica has given to us, the 
civil, political, and religious freedom? The sense of justice and gratitude 
has not left our Czech hearts. We feel that we have obligations which we 
owe America, its Constitution, and its colors. I appeal to your patriot- 
ism, I challenge your loyalty* I consider it treason if anyone forgets his 
duties toward this country, and foolishly gloats in the saying, ^Ubi Bene, 
Ibi Patria» (Where there is good living, there is my country). It is not 
sufficient to say * I love my country.* The mere singing of the anthem, 
the wearing of the colors, frenzied shouting in meetings— all this does 
not by far prove true love of one's country. It is merely an emanation of 




I C - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

I A 3 Dennl Hlaaatel. May 18, 1917. 

I F 3 

I F 4 natural impulses, and It would mean a fatal error to call this 

III C fulfilling one»s duties, 

I G 

"The great English thinker, Samuel Smiles, condemns this sort of 
patriotism as follows: *The major part of what in our times is being termed 
patriotism contains but hypocrisy and narrow-mindedness* It exposes itself 
in vainglorious bO£isting, in vulgar clamor, flag waving, end a constant 
reiteration of wrongs committed recently, or long ago* Patriotism such sis 
this is perhaps the worst curse upon any country* There is no more dignity 
in it than in the howling of the wolves** 

"Patriotism may be likened to a magnificent structure. It cannot be built 
up out of slogans or high sounding phrases, and cannot be erected by shout- 
ing, but solely by work and sacrifice in which everybody should carry his 
share • • • . • There are thousands of people who, though they do not know 
how to talk on patriotism, are nevertheless filled with the genuine sentiment. 



I C - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

I A 3 Denul HLaaatel. May 18, 1917, 

I F 3 

I F 4 because they act as loyal citizens • • • • • And what is the 

III C source of unselfish, pure patriotic inspiration? Religion is 

I G that so\irce« 

"Ttie Roanan king, Numa Pompilius, in striving to uplift Rome, fostered a 
religious cult* In order to make Rome the eternal city, he first trans- 
fozmed it into a holy city. This king well knew that patriotic virtues, 
such as willingness to sacrifice, moderation, cleanliness of habits. 
Justice, loyalty, obedience to laws, and others would find the staunchest 
support in religion, for with its growth the virtues also begin to bloom* 
George Washington, the Father of the Country, proclaims in his farewell 
address; *Rellglon is the foundation of the State. He, who undermines 
the mighty pillars of human society, cannot lay claim to the name of 
^patriot and loyal American •>.•••* 

"George Washington also laid stress upon the necessity of education* En- 




I c 
I A 
I A 
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I F 
III 

I a 



1 

3 
3 

4 
C 



- 5 - 



Dennl Hlasatel. May 18, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



lightemaent and liberty have become the beacon lights to the 
trend of our time. The worlc and the efforts of the human mind 
concentrate upon them. Nobody will pay attention to a nation 
which in the near future will not have a sufficient number of 
educated and prosperous people* Epictetus, the Roman sage, clothed in the 
rags of a slave, proclaimed that one can render the best service to the 
people not by lifting the roofs off their houses, but by uplifting their 
souls. 




"Do not give riches to yovx children, give them an education. It is high 
time that we Czechs advance from the back seats to the front seats, and be 
represented in the Legislatxire, in Congress and other offices of importance* 

"After our duty to the Lord, it is to our homeland, its welfare and pros- 
perity, which should primarily occupy our minds and souls. The ballot 
should play a prominent part in our life, for it gives us supreme power. 



^ • - J 



I C - 6 - BOHEtllAN 

I A 1 a 

I A 3 Dennl Hlaaatel. May 18, 1917, 

I F 3 

I F 4 ♦The crowning fact of freedom is the foreman's veto,* an old 

III C politician used to say. 

I G 

"It is not my intention to give a talk on politics, I am merely 
mentioning the right to vote because it has not received the proper attention 
from our people. It is our duty to vote for the good of the country, and 
for our own " 

The speaker closed with a mighty appeal for cooperation and generous con- 
tributions for the successful prosecution of the vVar. 

^Translator's Note. — For report on the meeting, see Denni Hlasatel. llay 17, 
1911 J 




Ill D 

I G Denni lUaGatel. I.Iay 12, 1G17. 

• • (Sditoricil) 

Besides the Czechs , our brothers, the Poles, arc the first to offer themselves 
in largest numbers for the defense for the country. One sin.'ile recruiting 
station in the Polish settlement of Llilv/aulcee, '.as,, has registered 637 nen 
for Uncle .Sarins ..my, all young, v/ell built boys, v.-ho just seem to have been 
born for the unifom. This roiarlcable result has naturally attracted the 
attention of the Jn.:*l.ish languaj^e press, . hich shorrered lavish praise upon 
the Poles and Czechs. 

Such appreciative manifest at ions are gratifying, even if they seem belated. 
..ith somev;hat laore sincerity than they have shovm heretofore, the Jlnglish 
language papers no'.: admit that they have been treating the olavonic imr.ii- 
grants v;ith no particular favor. They have slighted than, and omitted news 
about their community life, except something uncomplimentary. The olavonic 
people v;ithin the populace of Chicago have their ovm traits, tind thoy have 



Em. 



<\\ 



I. C - 2 - BOIIinLII^T 

III D 

I G Denni laasatel. May 12, 1917, 

nissed no opportiinity to demonstrate that they belong to the iiost desirable 
class of irmisrants, and thoir flaming patriotic enthusiasm is therefore no 
ephemera, but originates fron a deep, idealistic conviction. "».e, the ;Slavonic 
people, have always been doin,'^ our duty, and it is not our fault that at 
least, a snail amount of recognition has not been shov.Ti us before. Be it 
as it nay, better late than never. 



flu 



WM 







BOHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . filay 8, 1917. 

ONE MONTH OF PATRIOTIC V/ORK 
(From the Press Bureau of the Czech 
Catholic National Alliance) 

(Summary) 

Although we have started our organization work only one month ago, 
we have taken steps of importance in the patriotic endeavor of our 
fellow-countrymen 



As soon as we learned about the McCormick bill which demands that 
the liberation of the Irish and Polish people be considered in 
the peace negotiations, we sent a letter to our Congressman 
Adolph Sabath, urging him to see to the inclusion of Czech 
liberty into the proposal. The Congressman replied that he 



l7tO 



5 m. 




- 2 - 30HS?JIA1T 

Danni Hlasatel . May 8, 1917. 

has not up to this day presented a bill about Czech liberty, "No such 
bill as that contemplated by Congressman McCoriaick shall, however, be 
recommended by the respective committee, xmless it also contains the 
clause concerning Czech liberty. Of this you may rest assured, I 
deem the issue is of vital interest to me, I shall present the 
aiaendment v/hen the time is more propitious for action." The letter 
was dated April 19, 1917, 

Conditions have changed since, and our Congressman presented the bill 
on May 3. It is before the committee now as is the McCormick bill , , 



V/e are rapidly being organized, , , . V/e have sent Ivir, John Straka 
to Nebraska, a state with a large Czech population, . , , he founded 
branches of our Alliance there 




- 3 - BOHEICCAIT 

Depnl Hlasatel. Ilay 8, 1917. 

\^e are creating branches in every Czech part of Chicago, and we hope 
they fill will strive to emulate the achievements of the Bl. Anezka 
Ceska \The Blessed Czech Agnes) settlement. YIe are noxv busy with 
preparations for a large gathering in Chicago of all Catholics, 
The pursuit of our national aims will be the key note. Prominent 
men have promised to deliver addresses. 



I c 



BOHEMIAN 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 29, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

It is well known that the New England States in American life have always 
demanded preference, ^Vhatever issue may be before the public, one always 
has to heed what the "Original States" have to say. However, when real 
sacrifices are needed they responded differently. 

For instance, in the first days after the declaration of War, the number 
of Volunteers from our neighboring town, Gary y Indiana, was larger than 
that of Maryland,. Vermont, and Delaware taken together. This proves 
conclusively that whenever anything is to be gained the New England 
States are in the front, When anything is to be parted with, there 
they modestly retire. 



I.Uj 



m.k 






^/ 



I G 

II B 1 c (1) 
I C (Slovak) 



BOEs:,:i^ 



Denni Klasatel , Apr. ^9^ 1917. 



FOR THE LIBSRxiTICIT OF oLOV.-^lA 



(Surinary) 

Cur Slovah brethren are doing everj'thing in their pov;er to be instrunental 
in the liberation of their nation from Austrian rule. A drama from the 
history of their coimtry, "Llatus Trencansky" (a nane of their national hero) 
will be given in ..alsh's hall, Noble and 3mma Streets tonight. 

Translator's Note; 




The surmarized announcement captioned "For the Liberation of Slovakia," 
serves as an example for the mutual and undivided sympathy of Czechs and 
Slovaks for one another during the -.'orld V.'ar. 



I c 

III D 

I G 

I C (German) 



BOHEIvIIAN 



Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 29, 1917. 



THE AMERICAN PRESS ON OUR PATRIOTIC WORK REPORTS 
ON CZECH NATIONiiL ALLIANCE I/ISETINGS 
(Prom the Press Bureau of the Czech National Alliance) 




The English language papers gave considerable space lately to items on 

the recruiting of Czech volunteers, and to our exertions for the independence 

of the Czech nation. 

Though we would not attach excessive value to them we hold these reports to 
be important and we appreciate them. The American offices which furnish news- 
paper clippings work inaccurately, and so it is difficult for our press 
bureau to check wo on the news which concern our national vrark. 



The liveliest interest was evoked in Chicago by our action for the removal 
of the Kaiser story from the Chicago schoolbooks in which it was retained 
by pro-teutonic members of the School Board. Our action bore fruit in that 






I c 

III D 

I G 

I C (Gexman) 



- 2 - 

Denni Hlasatel. Apr. £9, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



it was reported by the local dailies and was particularly taken notice of 
by our state authorities. 

The publicity given our cause gathered momentum, and it may be contended 
that today the greater part of the community is grateful to the Czech 
National Alliance for having taken a stand against the Kaiser story. We 
have received hundreds of letters in which credit is given the Alliance. 
Newspapers of other cities have taken up the issue, so that the broader 
strata of the American public is paying much more attention to our or- 
ganization than in former times. 

Our recruiting activities and the mass meetings arranged by the Czech 
National Alliance have contributed very much to the popularization of 
our movement which has been commented on by almost all the Chicago dailies, 
and also by papers of New York» St. Paul, Minneapolis, and Detroit. 




I C - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Apr, 29, 1917. 

I C (German) 

There was for instance a meeting in Minneapolis,.,.. . . where J, Turzicky 
spoke, who is secretary of the Czech National Alliance, to encourage en- 
listment, and which was commended in diverse papers. 



There is a difference in the liberation of nations. Czar Nicholas of Russia, 
and also the Kaiser, promised the Poles a separation from other nations, hut 
under a new potentate in the person of a viceroy. The Poles do not want a 
king, and the Czechs do not long for any more kings from the royal line of 
the Ottakars. The Ukrainians do not hanker for the grand dukes from Kijev. 
These nations demand complete liberty and a crowning of the people themselves 
with the crown insignia of democracy. 



The news of the successful participation of the New York Czechs in the mani- 
festation under the slogan "V?ake up America" are of special interest to us, 
for the Czechs were given there, if not the first, still a prominent place. 




I c 

III D 

I G 

I C (German) 



- 4 - 



BOKMEIAN 



Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 29, 1917. 



Nowhere has the entrance of America into the Vfer evoked more exultation 
than among the Czechs and Slovaks. These tvro nations know the methods of 
the Germans and Itogyars. There are still thousands of Czechs and Slovaks 
in prisons, and thousands have been executed. 

The defeat of the Austrians in Galicia vias inflicted upon them by the Czech 
and Slovak soldiers. Entire regiments of the latter are now fighting in the 
Russian ranks against Austria and Germany. In the French Army, there is the 
Czech Legion and one contingent in the Canadian Army. 

The Czechs and Slovaks of this country are going to support the President 
with their goods and with their lives..... 




I c 
I G 



BOHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 27, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

The American organizations are still passing patriotic resolutions. 
They are promising loyalty to our President, and they are also 
watchful so that no one will. insult the Americcm flag. Yet, these 
boys still sit at home behind the chimney. They ought to point 
their fingers at the "hyphenated Americans," for instance the 
Sokols (members of Czech gymnastic organizations), who demonstrate 
by their deeds what a large percentage of patriotic Americans 
seek to accomplish by talking. 




I c 



BOHEMIAN 



I a 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 26, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

The Americans like to call the immigrants names and to look down 
upon them whenever an opportxmity offers itself. Yet they allow 
themselves to be put to shame when the seriousness of the situation 
calls for a demonstration of real American patriotism and enthusiasm. 







I C BOHSMIAN 

II B 1 C (1) 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 26, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

The theatre season is nearing its end, and this is the time for 
the public to make a summary of the profits they have drawn from 
it. In the coming season, the public should arrange to support only 
those theatres which deserve their good will. 




I C BOHEMIAN 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatej . Apr. 25, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

Before the World '-"ar, the Germans bragged about being the most cult\ared 
nation. They were indeed, acknowledged as such. The V/ar has, however, 
exposed their real shape. If what the Germans have perpetrated in this 
World V/ar were to be credited to their culture, mankind would have to 
hasten to get rid of such a culture. 




I c 

I F 2 
I F 4 
I C (German) 



BOHEKIAlf 



Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 24, 1917. 
PUPIIf; ALLOVfflD TO TEAR OUT "KAISER PAGE" 



The pr^spure exacted upon the School Board by the Czech-American coiranunity 
is beginning to bear fruit. Vvhen it becane evident that a strong' agitation was 
being carried on against the authorities, Mr. John D. Shoop, ssuperintendent 
of Chicago Schools, finally began to heed the sentiment of the parents in 
regard to the story, which eulogizes the German Kaiser and is resented by the 
patriotic Czech-Americans and parents from other nationalistic groups. 

V/hen Mr. Shoop was informed about the method of protest to be ea^loyed, as 
recommended by the Czech National Alliance, he declared it to be a simple 
solution of the embarrassing question and in explaining his point of view 




I c 

I F 2 
I F 4 
I C (German ) 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 24, 1917. 



BOHEMIAN 



added: "Allow the children to tear the page froin the school book. The 
book is their ovm property. They may handle it the way they desire," 

This would mean that the extirpation of the story has net with semi- 
official approval. However, it should not stop our agitation bj? any means. 
The Chicago School Board is a very unreliable institution, at least some 
of its former members. We Czechs, at least, could sing a nice song about this. 
It is known that the School Board had allowed some of the school rooms to be 
used for evening classes in which the Czech language is taught. VJhen the 
school budget was debated on last fall, this accommodation would almost hare 
been taken away from the Czech-American parents if it had not been for the 
resolute demand of the Czech member of the Board, J5r. Holpuch. The rooms 




I C " - 3 - BOHEMIAIT 
I F 2 

I F 4 Dennl HLasatel . Apr. 84, 1917. 

I C (German) 

continue to be at the disposal of the Czechs. The force with which we 
stand in our demand for the elimination of the "Kaiser Story" must not 
decrease. The excitement of the public might slacken. There are evidently 
some members on the Board who desire to retain the objectionable story. A 
future edition might contain it anew. 





I G BOK-IIIIAIT 

I C (GeKiian) 

I G " Dennl Illasatel . July 3, 1917. 

TKd CZaCII c^IESTION IN Giffili^j: LIGHT 

(Editorial) 

The local German language papers are givinc much attention to conditions in 
xi.ustria, and the situation of the Czech people, its exertions and demands. 
Two Chicago Gerr.ian papers published editorials about the issue in their last 
Sunday editions. The Illinois Staats-Zeitung , in an editorial by an ioneri- 
can-HUstrian, exhibits rabidly anti-Czech views, blaming the Czechs for 
everything evil. The oonntagspost , the other paper, was formerly read by 
some "also Czechs" who v«tnt to remain loyal to the "v;hole homeland," and are 
convinced triat the Qorman language is "something better," and superior to the 
Czech language. This paper has vanished in our community now, for we do not 
tolerate anything utraquistic, half-and-half. 

These Chicago German papers are trying to slur and discredit the activities of 
OUT Czech National ^J.liance, and to brand our cause as something \injust tind 
impossible in its aspirations. .... 



I C - 2 - BOHSMIAfT 

I C (German) 

I G Deiini Hlasatel . July 3, 1917. 

Vie, hov/ever, think that after the Germans have received the lesson from the 
Allies, they will be more willing to live with their neighbors in peace, . , . 
After peace has been established, the rabble-rousing War agitators will be 
out of a job. The Abendpost article defines the Czechs as the trouble mak- 
ers: "If they reach their goal of a united Bohenia and Moravia, there will be 
many Germans ruled by them and their paths will not be bedded with roses." 
The writer thus adrdts that as the Germans have treated the Czechs, so they 
are liable to be castigated for their deeds. .... Too much tolerance and 
indulgence exercised by the Czechs has not brought good fruit 

Civilization is the product of collaboration among nations. Our Czech cul- 
ture is also the result of the work of two nations; it could be enjoyed much 
better if the exertions of the other nation were not split and part of them 
used for the purpose of oppressing our people. This oppression forces the 
Czechs to defend themselves. Vvhen there is order in Czech lands as promised 
to us by the Allied nations, co-operation will bring splendid results. . . . 







I C BOIEailAN 

I G 

IV Denni Ilia sat el . July 1, 1917. 

/pzechs Defend Their National Alliance/ 

'r(From the JiJxecutive Connaittee of the Czech Sokol Comnrunity in -tunerica) 

(Simmary) 

The Czech Sokol Conmunity in .Kinerica, xvith headquarters in Chicago, in a gen- 
eral assembly held here Jxme 25th manifested its sentiment as follows: "From 
the moment when our beloved leader, Prof. Thomas G. IJasaryk, raised the ban- 
ner to take up the fight against xtustria, and for Czechoslovak independence, 
we Czech Sokols of the United States of ijaerica have been faithfully standing 
at his side, ue have given the movement our moral support, v;e have offered 
our sons for service and sacrifice on the battlefield; we have joined the great 
ranks with all that is within our power, we have joined in that organization 
which required so much exertion to build up — the Czech National Alliance — 
guided by the slogan of our own lyrs, vvho, together with Fuegner, founded the 
Sokol gymnastic association: •'Neither for profit, nor for gloryl •! .ve have 




I C - 2 - 1- V,'V.Jl ?) BOHliI-lIAI\r 

I G 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Jiily 1, 1917. 

been guarding the authority of this organization, that authority which was very 
difficult to establish; v:e have been loyally taking care of it so that this 
organization iiay stand before the whole world with a clear conscience, pure and 
mighty. 

Today, a man stabbed it in the back. One from whom we vx)uld have least ex- 
pected such a deed — the Czech writer, liirel (Charles) Horky. 

xit a time when all our Czech writers in the old homeland are jeopardizing their 
very existence to guard our nation against steps which would bring shame and 
hiuailiation for centuries upon it, there appears aiaong us a Czech literatus to 
sling mud, and cast slurs upon the dear name of T. G. Masaryk, and also upon 
those who strive at his side and follow his leadership. 

•'•e fully agree v;ith the manifesto issued by Dr. Ludwig Fisher, chairman of the 




I C -3- f^VJOAoi BOHEMIAN 

I G 

IV • Dennl taasatel . July 1, 1917. 

Czech National Alliance, who condemned this blow in a manner befitting its 
merit. This blow is aimed against our entire movement and at that shield with- 
out a blemish which is carried by Llasaryk, as well, Horky*s attack is also a 
gross insxxlt to the v;hole community of Czech Sokol organizations in the United 
States, The fight led by tiaxaryk and the Czech National Alliance is also the 
fight of the Sokol organizations; the heritage of Tyrs cannot be consummated 
before it is climaxed by victory, 

Vse repudiate v:ith profoundest indignation the unclean agression against the 
economic angle of our movement. U'e fully trust in the examinations made by 
our honest men — esteemed by o\ir people throughout the United States — such men 
as the Reverend Vanek, IJr, ICLicka, the banker, and Mr, John A, Cervenka, clerk 
of the Probate Court of Cook County, Vi'e highly appreciate the pronunciamento 
issued in regard to this question by Dr. Fisher, and we are convinced that the 
attack is slander thrown into the face of the Czech element in the United 
States, These observations were made by us through the aid of Messrs, Vlk and 



I C - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I G 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , July 1, 1917. 



Simecek, whose names are above reproach, 




Our Czech nation is ashamed of her son who forgot himself so far that he vrould 
help drive his ovm people into destruction for the mere satisfaction of his 
selfishness. 

VJe proclaim most determinedly before the foriuu of Czech— anerica that the Czech 
National Alliance, the pride of oxir nation, must not be exposed to any attack 
from any side as long as it fulfills its duties with the same love with v/hich 
it is regarded by the best people of Czech descent in America. 

The Czech 5okol Corannmity of America is herev.lth giving expression of its full 
trust in the Czech National ^i3J.iance. For the Czech Sokol Community, Signed: 
Joseph Cermak, Chairman, Cyril Popelka, oecretaiy. 



I C BOHEMIAN 

I F 4 

I F 3 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 21, 1917, 

I G 

IV »R;JJS MIT KAISERi 

I C (German) Some Defenders of the Bloodthirsty Eohenzollems 

in the Chicago School Board 

(Summary) 

"President Wilson's recent message to Congress is a document of high historic 
iii5)ortance , and one to which every sound-thinking man will revert with a 
burning interest, even after decades, when the present bloody struggle with 
all its sufferings and terrors will be an event of the jmst. In the message 
the President sets forth the ideas of a great statesman, great philosopher, 
and above all, of a great human being* He was facing the gravest problems 
met by any President since Lincoln's time* He was forced, true enough, by 
circumstances to allow the United States to be dragged into the war, but he 
Justified his actions in an emphatic manner vAiich was acclaimed on all sides: 
The United States is not entering a war of aggression; neither is it interfer- 
ing with the Geiman people* As a free and purely democratic country, it 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 4 

I F 3 Demii Hlasatel . Apr. 21, 1917. 

I G 

IV aims at the destruction of frenzied Icaiserism which is the 

I C (German) main exponent of autocracy, oligarchy, and of that militarism 
which saps the strength of all nations* 

Like other diplomats, President Wilson, with an acute mind, perceived that 
there can be no thought of anything like a permanent peace as long as the 
German throne is occupied by a beast in the shape of man whose night and 
sickly greatness are supported by pyramids of guns and bayonets, and yrbOf by 
a single stroke of his pen, has reduced civilization to a primitive stage." 

A story, "The Making of the Eaiser", containing purely sentimental mush, has 
been fouling the textbooks used in the grades from fourth to eighth of the 
Chicago schools for the last years. It is an insult to the intelligence of 
every American citizen, and of all the parents v;ho are sending their children 
to Chicago schools, excepting Germans. 

William II, that despot, whose unsound propensity for shedding blood has sent 



I C - 3 - BOHKI^TIAN 

I F 4 

I F 3 Denni Klasatel . xi.pr. 21, 1917. 

I G 

IV nillions of youns men to a premature death, that megalomaniac, 

I C (Gennan) -ho has dragged the X';hole civilized vrarld into the nost terrible 

war in the histor:,' of iiiankind, that degenerate, v.'hon no huiaane 
feeling can permeate, that sane one is being represented as a shining example 
for our school children. 

The responsibility for the reiaoval of the story from the books as yet is to 
be unquestionably placed upon the shoulders of I.irs. Ijlla Flagg Young, former 
superintendent of schools, ..ith all her pedagogic ability and talents, she 
has exposed herself as possessin{: a narrow horizon hy not insisting upon 
the removal of the stor:-'' from the sight of the susceptible pupils. There had 
arisen a strong movement for the extirpation of the story, German influence 
in the Board, still strong, alv/ays brought the exertions to naught, 

A nev; opportunity offered itself by the proclamation of war, and another attempt 
v;as made to purge the books of the storj^^ about the kaiser, A strong deputation 
of our Czech fellow-countrymen appeared in the offices of the School Board 



I G - 4 - BOiaiiXJT • 

I F 4 

I F 3 Qenni Hlasatel. Apr. ^1, 1917. 

I G 

IV the Tribune Buildinr; yesterday. Other nationalities, repre- 

I C (German) sented by leaders, also took part. Besides nev-'spapemen, there 
were in the rproup. Doctor J. Rudis-Jicinsk^'' for the Sokols 
2[^j'7.uaastic societiesT", Doctor J. 3. Bitek, and Doctor J. F. 
i3netanka for the Czech national .vlliance# There v/as the Polish 
llational .vlliance and others. .>. forceful protest by the Slavonic nationalities 
vnis to be riade. It can be said that the opinions of all unbiased /uaericans 
v/ere voiced, ^». joint resolution worked out by Doctor Jiaetanka was to be pre- 
sented, 

>ifter the School Board had finished its routine business, the speaker /nsLwe 
not Eivei^, representinf the Czech national -alliance, stepped forth, and 
supportin," his explanations by V7eif?;hty reasons, declared the story about 
the kaiser to be a pretense, and a i^ake-up, utterly intolerable in the books, 
aside fron the fact that Anerica and ueriaany are inimical tov;ard one another. 
The speaker, in proclaiiiing that the stor;* should have been expunged lone 
^GO, gave a drastic deraonstration of v.'hat should be done v;ith similar trash,^ 
v/ith a dramatic gesture, he tore the page with the obnoxious story from thei'-.',' uir 



/^ 




- 5 - BOHEIiJAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 21, 1917. 

book and crumbling it up in his fist, tossed it on the table. 
It was a moment of great tension and was foUovred by spontaneous 
applause from the delegation. 

The passionate words of the speaker invoked a reaction on the members of the 
board which could be seen already in the beginning of the protest. One of 
the Board members, Mrs, Sethness, atteiqpted to interrupt after the speaker* s 
first words. Another member, Mr, Piggott, however declared it a necessity 
that the delegation be given a hearing, as they were entitled to it, Mrs, 
Sethness is not one of the little girls vho allows herself to be discouraged 
by momentary obstacles. She raised objection after almost every word of the 
protest, and was efficiently supported by the chairman of the Board, Mrs, 
76 shrink, Mr. Shoop, the superintendent of the Chicago schools, was present, 
but took no part in the controversy. All other male members of the Board, 
excepting Mr. Eckhardt, also declined to participate, Sckhardt limited 
himself to the statement that a new book is being prepared v/ithout giving 
any assurance that the kaiser story would be omitted in it. 



I C - 6 - BOHT^.tTAN 

I F 4 

I F 3 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 21, 1917. 

I G 

nr The speaker of the delegation remarked that promises have 
I C (German) been held out for two years, but that no one has moved a hand 
toward their fulfillment as yet. The story, the speaker said, 
treats about the life of him who coined the brazen phrase "Deutschland Uber 
Alles," and it is poison for the mind of our children. "By permitting this 
with a quiet conscience, you are committing downright treason" the speaker 
thundered into the faces of the astonished Board members. "Just read what 
President Wilson says of that kaiser " 

Here the speaker prepared to read the salient passages from the President's 
message, but he did not get that far. His fascinating words created a commo- 
tion among the members of the Board which resembled chaos. Mrs. Vosbrink, 
chairman, wielded the gavel most vehemently, coming dangerously near smashing 
it, and Eckhardt, who had, at least apparently, kept his composure, suddenly 
revealed now his true descent. With a face which had taken on the hue of 
ashes, he objected to the expressions just used by the speaker. "We want 
to point out to the speciker that we are precisely as loyal citizens as the 



I C - 7 - BOIiEilliilJ 

I F 4 

I F 3 Dennl Ilia sat el . Ai^r. 21, 1917. 

I G 

IV nenbers of his delegation, and that vie shall not suffer to be 

I C (German) called traitors to our countryl I request the chairman to with- 
draw the privilege of the floor from the speaker until he has 
duly retracted his last statement, I an requesting the chairman most emphati- 
cally." 

The speaicer of the delegation there upon turned tovjard the recorder asking 
to be shovra the passages ^;ith which he v;as said to have insulted the Board. 
Meantime, however, an uproar, hard to depict, arose in the hall, ITo one, 
ever so well acquainted v.ith the influence wielded by the Germans, would 
have expected encounters of like impact. The ensuing turmoil was brought 
to an end by a motion made by I.j:s, .i^ethness to leave the final decision 
to Superintendent John D, Shoop, hi.. .self. The lady evidently intended to 
si)are the Board any responsibility in this burning question, Tlie raotion, 
seconded by Llr. Peterson, member of the Board, carried unanimously, and 
the session v;as declared closed by Ilrs. 3ethness, Superintendent Shoop 
v;ill now have to decide v/hether the story is to remain or vdiether the ^«u 
dest)otic kaiser will receive the v;cll deserved kick. 



I C - 8 - 301-m^T 

I F 4 

I F 3 Denni Hlasatel . .ipr. 21, 1917. 

I G 

IV The resolution of Czech National iklliance has thus failed to be 

I C (German) foriiially presented, v;hich fact, hov;ever, will not count too inuch 
in this affair. The Slavonic population of this city refuses to 
have its children taught eulogies about the kaiser, and its wishes must be 
respected, not;;ithstanding any opposition of Teutonic members of the School 
Board and their followers. It mieht not be amiss to sent the textbook with the 
trumped up kaiser story to President "..ilson, so that he v;ill take official 
action against this, and similar material used for the education of our 
children. 



I C B0HSML4N 

Dennf Hlasatel . Apr. 19, 1917. 

i\N INCRHlDIBLIi; STOHT 
Today's Chicago acamlner Prints Hews Item 

About Inhuman Father, a Czech 3S 

The local papers omit all news items in which credit should be given to '^ 

people of our nationality, but they stretch those reports v/hich place the C 

Czechs into an unfavorable light; then they take pains to nail doxvn the ^ 

fact that the person in question is of Czech nationality. Among these i 

papers, the Examiner occupies a sadly prominent position. o. 



Last night, Leola Allard, one of that sheet's contributors, vividly de- 
picted how a fellow-comitryman of ours tortured his little son. V/e are 
giving a translation of the article without assuming any responsibility 
for it. Owing to the fact, however, that the grand JLiry voted indictments 
against the man, the charges may be grave ones and the evidence conclusive. 

The report says: **A little, browbeaten, pathetic woman appeared in 



CD 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Apr, 19, 1917, 

the office of Mrs, Josephine Lawrence, head of the Social Welfare Bureau, 
Tuesday and gave a heart rending account of how her husband, Frank KalbaS, 
a bricklayer, slugged her nine year old boy, Charles, half to death. The =f 
grand jtiry returned indictments, charging assault and battery with intent ^ 
to inflict bodily injury. Assistant State's Attorney, Charles Center Case, j:: 
Junior, in charge of the case, declared. that EalbaS, who is of Czech nation- ^ 
ality, and not a United States citizen, could be held in a detention camp 3 
until such time when prosecution for the serious charges sets in. 

The boy with his five brothers and sisters used to pick rags and old iron 
to partly provide for their living. They were, however, mostly dependent on 
the good neighbors. 

Last Sunday, the father gave the boy ten cents to buy a can of beer from the 
saloon owned by Otto Wolf, The child bought ten rolls for the ten cents and 
gave each of his starving brothers and sisters his or her share. 



CD 

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I C - 3 - BOHEI£[AN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Apr. 19, 1917. 

Kalbac went to the saloon, where the barkeeper told him that the boy had spent 
the dime elsewhere. Mrs. Lawrence, in relating the news item to the reporter, 
proclaimed never to have heard a story as terrible as this, and she continued: 

•The father beat the boy vdth a heavily buclcled strap until the little fellow's ^ 
head resembled a mass of pulp, his swollen back was criss-crossed with welts, ,^ 
and the other parts of the body covered with blue marks. When the boy attempted p 
to escape the brutal attack, he slipped, falling upon the hot stove smashing ^ 
his nose to the bone. He finally crawled under the bed, completely exhausted. g 
The father then sat down, breathing heavily. The moment he had recuperated, 
he pulled the boy from under the bed, began to flog him anew, and to kick him 
in the hips until the boy was unable to' stand on his feet. After this, the boy tn 
did not get any nourishment all day, except a bowl of soup. The strap with the 
heavy buckle, the mother said, was the terror of the whole family, none of 
whose members was spared. 

Two weeks ago, KJslbac, in a drunken stupor, began to beat the children, ages 



CO 



I C - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 19, 1917 • 

from three to fourteen. They finally took refuge under the porch of a 
neighbor. . 

I was told that a neighbor loaned the boy some clothing so that he could 
appear before the court, for none of the children has either clothing or foot-^^ 
wear. The father weighs one hundred eighty pounds, while the boy is a weak '-v 
child, with a crestfallen gaze, and half crippled by continual beatings, ^ 

r ■ 

! — 

The mother had brought the fourteen year old sister of the boy before the ^ 

grand jury, and told how she had taken the boy into the saloon to show the r^ 

keeper what he had done by selling whiskey to her husband. The man ejected ■— 

her, saying it was none of his business to bother about her husband. » g 

Mrs. Lawrence supplemented the foregoing statement by stating that the Bureau 
of Public welfare had knowledge of these conditions already one year ago; that 
a social worker had been sent to Lansing where the family lived. The father 
produced false witnesses, who declared that the mother had the habit of 



iC. - 5 - BOHB?JIAN 

Deimi Elasatel , Apr, 19, 1917. 

drinking liquor. The woman being intimidated, did not dare to produce proofs 
to the contrary, and the case was dropped." 



- .^ 

C3> 



o 



.-JTS 



I B0H5MIAIT 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 18, 1917. 

THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE PRESS ABOUT THE CZECHS 

(Summary) 

An article about the Czechs which appeared in the Nationar Geographical 
Magazine from the pen of Professor A. Hrdlicka, a Czech-American scientist, 
is discussed in the " Wausau Record Herald ," a '.Visconsin tiaper. A 
certain Mr. Vaclav Novak sent a clipping from the V/isconsin paper to 
the Denni Hlasatel , whose editor reprinted the English language article 
translated into Czech. He did this, he declares, only to accommodate 
Mr. Novak, the correspondent, adding: 

"We vrould not bother with the Wisconsin article, for it is teeming with 
nonsense with which to agree it is impossible for us, and of which there 
can no trace be foxxnd in the original excellent article written by the 
great Czech-American scientist, Professor Hrdlicka. iie made mention of 




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Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 18, 1917, 



BOI-CSMIAN 



it in an issue of a few days ago. In singling out one of the conspicuous 
nonsenses contained in the Waudau paper article, we point to the passage 
in which the Czechs are described as if they were specially ardent 
propagators of the Russian-Orthodox church and Orthodox rites." 



/ U.' 




I C BOHE?£[AN 

III 1 

I G Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 17, 1917. 

I J 

(Editorial) 

Fifty years ago, it was the Bohemian Slavonic Rifle Company in the State 
of Illinois which first offered its services to President Lincoln to 
help keep the Union intact and abolish slavery. Today, again, our 
brave Sokols are rallying behind the Star Spangled Banner to prove •> 
that they are in the front of all others. We may have faults and 
deficiencies just as have all other nationalities in the large complex 
of the United States, There is, however, one trait to which we may 
always point with pride. It is the sincerity and earnestness with 
which we regard the oath that binds us to the vital interests of this 
great republic, with its destiny, and better future. This is,v.in the 
last analysis, the best testimony that can be given the American Czechs, 




I C BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 14, 1917, 

- (Editorial) 

If we want to be consistent, we oxight to practice consistency In select- 
ing English language papers for our daily use. The majority of the 
American papers look down upon us with disrespect. This is a well-known 
fact irtiich we have not forgotten. Only recently, one of the Jjiggest 
sheets published in its report on the parade held Cor the preservation 
of personal liberty here that "the Czechs marched along because they want 
more beer." On rare occasions only did the local English papers make 
favorable mention of us, and then only after much entreating on our 
part. Even now, in these turbulent times, when our people are standing 
up in the very front of all others for Uncle Sam, has this condition 
changed. There is, however, one paper which has now and then published 
articles about our people and its rights which coiild have not been 
written more sympathetically had the author been the most ardent patriot 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 14, 1917. 

from our own ranks. We refer to the Chicago Journal . Its attitude 
towards us is very friendly. We ought to appreciate this fact and 
reciprocate their hospitality towards our ideals, rfe have not too many 
such friends in the English press. Let us, therefore, value them* 



//o 



I C BOHSMIAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

HI r Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 12, 1917. 

IV 

BOHSOA AND THS BOHEMIANS 
(From the National Geographic Magazine . 
Written By A. Hrdllcka.) 

The February Issue of the National Geographic Ifaigazlne . one< of the fore- 
most publications of Its kind In the United States, prints an article 
under the abore heading from the pen of Mr. Ales Hrdllcka, Czech-American 
scientist and curator of the department for physical anthropology of the 
Federal National Museum in Washington. We make mention of this, not only 
because the writer is a scientist of high standing, and one of our best 
fellow-countrymen, but mainly because the article contains some of the 
best information on our homeland emd the Czech people* 

The article, which Is divided into sereral chapters, is accompanied by 
splendid pictures, showing the city of Prague and its most magnificent 
edifices, pictures of groups of peasants in their colorful attire are 



m 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

III F Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 12, 1917 • 
17 

many« The author also dwells on the answer which the Allies 
sent to President Wilson upon his inquiry about their peace terms, among 
these, the liberation of the Ceechs from foreign rule formed a main item. 
This condition in the peace terms brought our small, yet great eoid 
glorious nation conspicuously and favorably before the eyes of the 
American public* 

Mention is made in the article of the book The State , by Woodrow Wilson, 
published in 1911, in which Mr. Wilson, now President of the United States, 
devotes some space on page seven hundred forty to ezplanatoiy remarks 
about who the Czechs really are. Taking this as a cue, Mr. Hrdlicka con- 
tinues by writing about the coming of the Czechs into Bohemia, idiich was, 
at times, allowed even by their best Czech kings to come under the dom- 
ination of the Germans* 

The article gives prominent space to King John, King Charles 17., and 



W.P.ft. 



I C - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

III F Deiml Hlasatel. Apr. 12, 1917, 
XV 

further to the great reformer, John Hus, and his tragic death. 
After the royal hoxise of Fremysl became extinct, the Habsburgs ruled the 
Czechs for many centuries, and it took all of the letter's sturdiness to 
keep frcan being broken up. The beginning of the eighteenth century 
brought about a renaissance of the Czech people. Vvhat the Czechs have 
\mdertaken and acccMplished in the ensuing period is described therein. 
Mr. Hrdlicka writes in the books. History of Bohemia by Robert H. Vickers, 
and Bohemia and the Czechs by W. S. Monroe. IVhen, in later chapters, Mr. 
Hrdlicka gives a characterization of the Czech people, he pauses at the 
personality of Jan Amos Komensky (Comenlus), as of one of our greatest 
men, of vdiich he mentions several others. 

The article treats with great 'enthusiasm the high position the Czechs have 
gained in the realm of music. Bedrich Smetana, Anton Dvorak, Kubelik and 
Ebcian, Emmy Destin, and Slezak, all these names have helped to spread the 
esteem for the Czech name. Jaroslav Vrchlicky and Svatopluk Cech were the 



I C - 4 - BOBBMIAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

III F Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 12, 1917 • 

greatest in Czech literature. Further mention is made of a 
number of great men of Czech life, especially of Thomas C. Masaryk, the 
leader of the Czechs, who is so well-known in the United States. 

The last chapter of the article treats about the Czechs in the United 
States. It speaks of the early Czech settlers and of the immigrants of 
today, who have achieved prosperity and won the respect of their fellow- 
citizens by their assiduousness and pertinacity. Scientists of Czech 
descent have gained great distinction. There also are many students of 
Czech biLood enrolled in our universities; chairs for the Czech, and other 
Slavonic languages have been established in some of the most prominent 
American schools of high learning. There are many educational clubs, 
some of them named Komensky Clubs, in which is gathered the Czech-American 
intelligensia with a large percentage of students. 

The article does not omit to define the attitude of the Czech-Americans 



^\^ 



I C - 5 - BOHEBgAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

III F Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 12, 1917. 

17 

toward the government of Austria-Hungary, which country they 
have ever regarded as one of their worst enemies. For this reason, they 
work with comhined forces for the liberation of the Czech people, from 
which they came, and of which they are still proud* At the same time, 
they never forget their new homeland. They always show their colors, as 
loyal sons of America should do. 



mi 



I C BOHELgAlT 

I G 

Deimi Hlasatel . Apr. 12, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

He who led, and is conducting, a war in such dirty style as the Germans, 
cannot expect a better fate than that by which Germany, under the crim- 
inal influence of Wilhelm, shall be smitten. 




I C BOHEMIAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

"Ceterum Autem Censeo, Carthaginem Esse Delendam" - Cato of ancient 
Rome concluded each of his speeches with these words which mean; 

« in conclusion, it is my judgment that Cartage be destroyed." 

Similarly, each speech, each article, concerning the War should wind 
up with "Austria must be destroyedl" Not her nations by any means, 
but the Austrian state. If the statesmen intend to remove the teutonic 
danger and render impossible a repetition of the present War, they must 
destroy Austria, for only with the latter can Germany be dangerous to 
the rest of Europe. Austria-Hungary is a monster, where a German- 
Magyar minority rules, the majority consisting of Slavic, Italian, and 
RoTomanian peoples, where services are required not for our own people, 
but for the aggrandizement of Germany. 

Austria must be killed, and a community of free central European states 




I C - 2 - BOHmilAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr, 11, 1917. 

put in its place. That means a Czecho-Slovak, Serbo-Croatian-Slovenian, 
and a Htingarian state. As to the Germans living in the Alpine countries, 
let them keep their Habsburgs or join with Germany. The arrogance" will 
thus have been beuiished forever into narrow borders, from within which 
it will not be able to menace anyone. Our statesmen, and those of the 
Allies, should therefore, concentrate their reasoning upon this consider- 
ation and say, similarly to Cato of ancient Rome: "Ceterum Autem Censeo 
Austria Hungariaa esse delendaml" 




I C BOHEtCTAK 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1917, 

HARAEIRI OF THZ DUAL MONABCHT 

(Editorial) 

The actions of the Vienna government have, since the beginning of the war, 
shoim that there is a fate vAiich points tovrard destruction. After having 
want only declared War on Servia, the dual monarchy evoked forces which 
threaten to devour her now. She had several times during the War had an 
opportunity to disent entangle herself from the German yoke; its govemmentj 
could have escaped complete dissolution and could have rescued at least 
certain parts from the ?rreck of the ancient state. Great Britain was 
willing to leave her partly intact under the conditions of a sei>arate 
peace, divorced from the German cause. This opportunity was given at the 
end of the second year of the War, which was a period of distress for the 
Allies. The Vienna government did not take the hint given it by England* 
Austria, misled by passing successes against Servia and Rumania, tightened 




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Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



the ties that bound her to Germany, v^ich "held her up so faithfully,** 
Just about as secure as the rope which holds up a hanged one* 

There came a change, but too late. The new Emperor of Austria made some 
feeble attempts to influence Geimany, which stood in the shadow of a 
threatening war with the United States. The menace of this War with the 
United States prompted Count Czemin to sound the Allies for a possible 
peace. London, Paris, and Petrograd waved off. Emperor Carl was then 
ordered to the headquarters of the Kaiser, there to receive further 
instructions. 

The United States declared War on Germany which resolved now to drag 
Austria along into the abbys by compelling her to break off diplomatic 
relations with the United States, and so sign her own death warrant. 




We Czechs were very much distrubed by the attitude which President Wilson 



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Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1917. 



BOHEMIAN 



took some time eigo. He sought to isolate Germany by working for a 
separation of Austria from Germany. This might have saved Austria. 
Luckily for our Czech people the attempts to separate Austria from 
Germany came to naught; Austria was already too tightly in the grip of 
the German tentacles. Uany articles had been written in America, which 
knew nothing about the real nature of the dxial monarchy, with the inten- 
tion of saving Austria-Hungary the dissolution of which is a vital prereq- 
uisite for the liberation of the Czech people* This was acknowledged by 
the Allies, who emswered President Wilson* s inquiry about their conditions 
for peace, by making the liberation of the small nations one of the tenns. 

The United States may congratulate themselves upon the actions of Austria. 
It will give our country an opportunity to get rid of a host of disagreeable 
agents of the kaiser, who recruited themselves from all the Austrian dip- 
lomats and consuls in the United States. They can be removed now. Consuls 
Nuber Yon Fereked in New York, and Ernst Ludwig in Cleveland, are two men 




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Dennl Hlasatel. Apr, 11, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



nho have acquired much notoriety \>j their agitation to incite strikes and 
other unrest* Nuber was the go-between in the sales of ammunition to the 
Central Powers, and was aided by the Austrian embassador Dumba. Ludwig 
was under obserrration by United States detectives, ^^iho found him involved 
In diverse spy activities. 

These conditions have changed now. The kaiser has lost his agents who 
worked here under the guise of Austrian employes. Bulgaria and Turkey 
will ?rithin a short time be counted among our enemies, not in theory, but 
in actuality, then the line up will be complete. On one side the whole 
world, on the other a handful of desperate autocrats, who hide behind the 
protection of so many millions of oppressed people who do not know where 
they stand. 




BOHEMIAN 



Denni KLasatel , Apr. 8, 1917, 
AUSTRIA IvU3T 33 PARTITIONED 




Communication from the Press Bureau of the Bohemian National Alliance 

In the debate on the authorization of President Wilson to declare War on 
Germany, Senator John Sharp !7illiams delivered a brilliant address in 
which he especially emphasized the urgent necesoity of declaring v;ar on 
Austria also, and the ultimate elimination of the houses Habsburg and 
Hohenzollern as ruling powers. The Geske Narodni Sdruzeni (Czech National 
Alliance) , in order to point to the imperative necessity of the dissolu- 
tion of the Austro-Hvingarian dual monarchy, sent the following telegram to 
Senator Williams: 

"Congratulations to your correct declaration that the United States must 
perpetuate the v/ar until the guaranty is given that the Hohenzollern 



I G 



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Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 8, 1917, 



BOIfflaLAN 



and the Habsburg dynasties shall not rule over G-emiany and Austria- 
Hungary. any nore, and also, until Turkey is driven back into Asia. 
Austria is equally guilty with Germany, and the partitioning of Austria 
is unconditionally necessary for democracy, Austria is an artificial 
state, and has no right to exist. It siould be broken up into an 
independent Gzecho-Slovak republic, a free Jugoslavia, and a free 
Hungary, 




The Bohemian National Alliance in America, 



Doctor Fisher, president," 



I BOIC£!LAN 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr, 8, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

The notorious St aat s -Ze 1 tung used to spit fire against anyone who would 
have called the conduct of Germany hy its right name, especially the 
conduct of Germany toward the United States. That paper has always 
considered the interests of Germany in preference to those of the United 
States* 

The Staats-Zeitung has calmed itself to a certain ertent, and bridled its 
frenzied outbursts of sentiment since the disruption of diplomatic 
relations bet.veen Germany and the United States. Since the declaration 
of war on Germany, the paper has changed its attitude. It now prints 
editorials in the English language, and in them "begs" for justice before 
the eyes of the ptiblic. This is to prove that German obstinacy and 
defiance cannot reach up to the welkin. 



I C BOHEMIAN 

II D 1 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 6, 1917* 

WE SHALL NOT BE SLACKERS 
Declaration By The Narodni Suaz Ceskych Katollloi 
(National Association of Czech Catholics) 

We hare been lagging behind the activities of others, indeed. The Czech 
National Association began its work almost two years ago, and has 
accomplished wonderful work, we must acknowledge that. We Czech 
Catholics will begin to work now for the liberation of onr old homeland. 
We will try to alleriate the siifferings of ovr brethren who are groaning 
under the hardships of a cruel war urtiioh shows its effects in Bohemia, 
MoraTia, and Silesia. We want to show our patriotism and true christian 
love for meinkind. 

Now that the offices of the National Association of Czech Catholics are 
opened, we shall put all our energy into the work. We shall begin with 
the creation of branches of the Cyrilo-Methodian Aid Fund. These 




I G 

II D 



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Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 6, 1917, 



BOHStSlAS 



auxiliary stations will dot the entire United States, and their great 
number will raise them to the status of one gigantic orgcmization, which 
will be able to extend its helping hand to the entire Czech world. Write 
for the statutes and by-laws of our organization* Report to us how the 
work is progressing in your community, and keep in mutual contact through 
the medium of the newspapers* 

The following rule should be observed: Each donor is entitled to select 
the branch which he wishes to support, either the national, which works 
toward the liberation of our motherland, or the auxiliary fund, which 
seeks to cdleviate the misery in our homeland. Donations in the form 
of money should be sent to the treasurer of our organization, addressed: 
Jos* Eopecky, 3205 West 22nd Street* General correspondence should be 
directed to the office at 2601 St. Louis Avenue* 




II 


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I C BOHail-AN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Apr. 3, 1917. 

THE FUTURE STATUS OF BOHEI'ilA 
Coamnunication from the Czech National Association 

The articles by Professor Thomas G. Masaryk printed in the Bohemian Review 
selrve very effectively to show the activities of the Czechs and Slovaks 
in the American press. These articles are being reprinted by the fore- 
most American dailies, thereby contributing, of course, in an excellent 
manner to the spreading of knov/ledge about our Czech and Slovak exertions 
for the independence of our motherland. 

The Bohemian Review ; prints in its April issue a v/ork by Professor Masaryk 
entitled "The Future Status of Bohemia." It will accomplish a great deal 
for our cause, and a copy of the Bohemian Review should, therefore, be 
available in every library, and at every club, and should be in the pos- 
session of everyone v/ho may have the opportunity to inform Americans 
about our national aims* 




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II 


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(1) 


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IV 









- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 3, 1917. 



BOIISMIiiN 



There is a map of Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Slovakia in- 
closed in every copy, v;ith demarcations showing the distribution of the 
minorities, thus giving the observer an exact idea of the nationalistic 
conditions. 



The question whether the immigrants in the United States will be loyal 
to Germany in case of Mar is answered definitely by Doctor Jaroslav 
Snetanka, editor of the Bohemian Review , He speaks for both the Czech 
and the Slovak immigrants. Karel Pergler, a lawyer, criticizes the 
sentence passed on Doctor Kraraar and co-defendants. His conclusions 
culminate in the statement that the difference betv;een American and the 
Austrian justice is analogous to the relation of American democracy to 
Oriental despotism. 

For the sake of variety, there are two stories included in the April 
issue. They are well translated 'from the paper, Gechoslovan of Kiew, 
Hussia. 




I C - 3 - BOHBaOAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

II B 2 d (2) Dennl Hlaaatel ^ Apr. 3, 1917. 
17 

Among various news contained in that x>&rticular issue of the 
Bohemian Review one item, ueaded "Triimph of Democracy," speaks of the 
victorious Russian revolution. Another reports ahout the participation 
of the Czechs in the Allied Bazaar in Baltimore, New York, Cleveland, and 
Chicago. Mr. Front ingham, of New York, friend of the Slavonic peoples, 
is given Bueh appreciative space. He had contributed $5,000 to the fund for 
political action of the Czech National Association. 




I C '• EOHEI,TIAtT 



III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel. lar. 29, 1917, 

i:3T'S SUPPORT SLOVAK AFFAIRS 

In these -nortentous times v;hich have united the Czechs and the Slovaks 
under one flac and v/i-oh ohe same aim, tliat is Czecho-Slovak independence, 
our Slovak brethren have demonstrated repeatedly that they are sincere 
about the unification. They -nroved it not . nly by the utterances of 
their speakers and articles in their papers, but by their actions as .-ell, 
Sufi'ice it to point to their vjillingness and sacrifices at the very 
beginning of the strugcle for Czecho-Slovak independence, in v;hich the 
Slovenska Liga (Slovak league) Virorked hand in hand with the Ceske 
ilarodni Sdruzeni (Czech L'ational Association), The Slovaks lent us a 
helpinfi hand, v/hich v;as evident and appreciated during the bustle in the 
Czech Eazaar, The Czechs thanlced then and promised to reciprocate their 
friendly support on iiha very next occasion, 

V/ell, the best opportunity to shovr our gratitude v/ill be offered next 



I G - 2 - BCHSI'IAIT 

III B 2 ■ . 

Denni Hlasatel . I.£ir. 29, 1917. 

Saturday, -./hen .'e can at least partly raturn v;hat our Slovak brethren 
and sisters have done to enhance the cause, Diere v/ill be a theatrical 
performance under the auspices of the Cchot, Drusstuo T, Slov. Aner. 
Sokol (Aniatour group of the Slovak American Sokol) in the hall of the 
Sokol Chicago on !.arch 31, I.-aj'' our fellov; countrj'^iien prove that Czech- 
Slovak unity does not :iean only a slogan to them. 




I C BOHaciAH 

II D 10 

I G Dennl HLasatel . I.'-ar. 26, 1317. 

A GOOD 3>:AI.2>LE 

(Editorial) 

Julius Rosenv/ald has subscribed one million dollars for the Jews suffer- 
in^-; because of the war. The fact that the recipients were of his own 
race does not lessen the nerit. The deed sh uld stimulate some of our 
wealthy .en to donate a thousand or so, for the cause of Czech liberty, 
to reduce the urging and soliciting before a small amount is collectad. 




I C . BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar, 21, 1917. 

SXXrr YEARS AGO— AND NOW 

An interesting story from the life of Czech workingmen of Chicago from 1870 
to 1880 is related in the German workingman's paper, Fackel , where Jacob 
Winnen reviews the "history of the labor movement" in Chicago. The ex-sol- 
diers* and veterans* clubs among workingmen were not uncommon, and in con- 
nection with this, the story runs: 

The Czech Socialists had a picnic in the Silver Leaf Grove, Western and Og- 
den Avenues. A gang of rowdies invaded the premises, and commenced to annoy 
the female participants. When their behavior exceeded all limits, a company 
of Czech sharpshooters gathered and with fixed bayonets, drove them from the 
garden. Several disturbers were wounded. 

Shortly after, a squad of policemen arrived, Prokop Hudek, the commander, 
and the entire company of sharpshooters were arrested and taken to the police 
station on Madison Street, where they were exonerated by the court the follow- 
ing day. 



C 1 



■~y 



I C - 2 - BOHKMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Mar, 21, 1917, 

We are glad to read of the incident mentioned, even though we are at a loss 
to connect it with "the labor movement in Chicago". It evokes, however, 
bitter recollections of the abuses immigrants had to endure in our city in 
those more remote times, when they were frequently stopped and rudely attack- 
ed by packs of boisterous blades, who took offense at their not speaking 
English, Not more than two decades ago, it was no rare occurrence that Czechs 
riding a street car, speaking their maternal language, were gruffly interrupt- 
ed and bidden to "talk English", 

Conditions have since changed considerably in Chicago, The comer of Ogden and 
Western Avenues has long been given up as a picnic ground. Our city has spread 
in every direction, and gained a superb aspect. The activities of rowdies in 
the streets are on the decrease. The younger generation should think of the 
pioneers with respect for they have done much for the amelioration of the social 
conditions of our city. 



m 



III H 

I G Denni lllasatel . Feb. 10, 1917. 

CZSGPIB iiP?R2CIA'JH ClIICAGC J01ji:i-IAL'S ATTITUDE 



"I-.'uch, but not a sincle word too niany, has tesn ;/ritten about the two 
unhappy countries, Belgium and Serbia, v;hose people are being beaten down 
by the originators of the ;/ar in Berlin. There is, ho./ever, one more 
plucky little country v/hose r.'iartyrdom passes so to say unheeded, Bohemia. 
By this v/e mean the Gzecho-Slovak nation v:hich comprises Bohemia, I.oravia, 
and the northv/estern part of Hungary. This nation of ten million souls 
has an ancient and rich culture, and possesses an indomitable love of 



-o 

5» 



The Chicago Daily Journal is really the only paper v;hich ta]:es a more 

intense interest in our affairs and of >.en prints editorials or other 

articles of importance to us. One such article appeared in last ni;-ht*s 

issue. It contains one of the most syr.pathetic manifestations of a real 'g 

grasp of the situation in v;hich the Czech people find themselves. It is 

captioned "Sufferers Left by the .Tayside," and runs as follov/s: 



-o 






■3> 



I G - 2 - ECHjn.-IAK 

III H 

I G Denni lUasatel , Feb. 10, 1917, 

freedom. It -vithstood the Germanizinf: ovislaught of the Kapsburgs, re- 
mained a Slavic nation, and a friend of France and -Cnrland, the protagonists <:^ 
of liberalism among the European pov/ers, and loj^al to Russia, the pro- r" 
tec tor of the Slavic nations. For this reason, t?he Gzecho-Slovaks v/ere -o 
oppressed even before. the V/ar as a subjugated nation, but since the out- o 
break of the .Jar, their lot is pitiable, Before the first year of the \^ 
war v/as ended, more than two-thirds of their newspapers v;ere suppressed, S 
and many of their editors v;ere imprisoned or executed, llo Dohenian '*^ 

musician was permitted to play the rreat vrorks of Smetana and Dvorak; 
no Czech v;as allov;ed to read or propagate Tolstoy or Snerson, All of 
the Sokol societies were dissolved. The Germans -vvere intrusted with the 
administration of the police in Czech cities, the Czech language vras 
banished from the railroads, and was not even to be used for telegraphic 
messages. These ordinances are being enforced v;ith fiercest rigor, and, 
according to the official report of a semi-govemnental Vienna newspaper, 
there were not less than 1045 civil executions in Eohemia and I.:oravia up 



I c - 3 - roniii:iAN 

III H 

I G Denni lUasatel . Feb. 10, 1917. 

to December 1?16. 



3> 



The Czechs resisted this tyranny as well as they could. .Then they v/ore ^ 
forced by their torturers tc fight their ovm friends, they surrendered C 
at every opportunity that offered itself during battle. The tv/enty- eighth ^ 
resrinent (infantry) went ove.- to the iiussians as a unit, and nov/ valiantly ^ 
fight on the other side. The 8th, 30th, 88th and 102nd regiments v;ent over i^ 
in great numbers. Thousands of defiant Czech soldiers v;ere executed, the '^3 
properties of families, -.mose members had allowed themselves to be taken '*" 
prisoners, viere confiscated, yet the uefiance of the Czech did not abate, 
A people so courageous and daring cannot be dovmed, and should not be held 
in slavery. When the ..'ar is ended, there should arise an independent Czech 
republic.** 



I C BOHia.aAN 

III H 

I G Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1917. 

SLAVS FROM AUSTRIA-HUNGAEY IK PARADE 

The widely advertised Austrian parade was lield in the district aroimd 
20th Street and Wentworth Avenue last Stmday afternoon. It was sufficiently 
big to demonstrate that even among the Slavonic peoples of this city there 
are a number of dolts who are unable to form a clear picture of Hmperor 
Francis I. as a ruler, man, and chiefly as the "father of the Slavonic 
nations." The procession, besides the automobiles, ;vas about three blocks 
long. It is said that fourteen associations v/ere represented. They were 
accompanied by ten bands. The procession began at the Croatian Catholic 
church, moved to 26th Street and i/entworth Avenue, then Iretunied to-the 
starting point. 

While they were on the way back to church, a disturbance occurred which 
led to the arrest of eight members of the Czech gymnastic society Sokol. 
There were paHcemen in great numbers distributed over the parade ground, 




I C - 2 - BOHS'.niAIT 

III H 

I G Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1917. 

xmifoOTied and plain clothes, on foot and mounted, some moving along 
with the marchers. They were there in order that the loyal subjects 
of the emperor should remain unhurt. The Sokols began to distribute 
pamphlets among the participants of the parade. The bills vrere 
printed in English, and bore the heading "The Real Francis Joseph," 
and below was a picture, showing the true features of the emperor. 
On the last page, there could be seen a multitude of widov/s and 
children moving thru a forest of crosses erected over the graves of 
their husbands and fathers. 

The instant the paraders glimpsed the handbills, they assumed a 
threatening attitude towards the Sokols. The police were -on hand and 
arrested eight of the Sokols, whose followers immediately telephoned 
Anton Cermak and John Cervenka, to arrange for their release. They 
were at liberty shortly after, stating that they had been accorded most 
unbecoming treatment by being called "Crazy Polacks" and "Crazy Bohemians." 




I c 
III H 
I G 



- 3 - 



Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1917. 



BOHSLOlAIT: 



It is to be noted that in the parade there v/ere even a nioinber of Sokols, 
but Dalmatian (another Slavonic nation) Sokols; it seems incredible 
that they can make the ideals of the Sokol organization compatible with 
the memory of the executioner of the Slavonic peoples. 



In the handbills, there were enumerated all of the ill characteristics 
and actions of the late emperor, that is his guilt in the death of 
Karel Havlicek in 1856; how in the Crimean .Var he proved an ingrate 
to the Russians, who saved his throne in 1848, by supporting the Turks; 
how he started wars, in all of which Austria lost out; that he was a 
double-crosser and a bad husb€uad and father, hov/ he persecuted any move 
on the part of the Slavs to free themselves, and how he crowned his 
misdeeds by declaring War on Servia, thereby making himself guilty of 
the bloody World .Var, 

The Examiner in today's report on the parade, prints details which favor /'o' 

" m. 



I c 
III H 
I G 



- 4 - 



Denni Hlasatel.' Jan, 22, 1917, 



BOHELUM 



the Teutonic side, as this paper has been wont to do, without accom- 
plishing its aim. Excerpts from the handbills, published in the report, 
only to serve to open the eyes of the readers, and show how the Sokols 
have acted merely in the name of truth and justice when they distributed 
the pamphlets. 

The reason for the rather considerable proportions the parade took on 
lies in the fact that representatives of the peoples from Bosnia, 
Herzegovina and other countries, besides many Btohannadans had appeared v/ith 
the marchers, also that people hailing from Dalmatia had come from their 
homes in South Chicago, and still more remote settlements. 




I C '' EOHEf.TIAIT 

III B 1 

I F 2 Dennl laasatel , Jan. 21, 1917. 

I F 6 

I G STOP PARADE OF "LOYAL" SUBJECTS 

A resolution passed by several Slavonic organizations was submitted to 
F-ayor Thompson last nifrht in vAiich objection is raised ap,ainst a 
parade, arranged by Austrian agents to be held in the neighborhood 
of V/est 22nd and 'A^entv/orth Streets, and a decree prohibiting the 
demonstration is demanded. The comraunicaoion is signed by the 
presidents of the following societies: "Slovanska Alliance" (Slavonic 
Alliance), "Ceske Ilarodni Sdruzeni" (Czech irational Association), 
"Jihoslovanska Karodni Rada" (Jugo-Slav National Council), and some 
Russian societies. 

It calls attention to the process of assimilation of the immigrant, 
during which the individual is loath to encounter scenes reminding him 
of the countries which he has left on account of oppression by the 
government. Assimilation is pointed out as essential to the welfare 




I c 

III B 
I F 2 
I F 6 
I G 



- 2 - 

Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 21, 1917, 
of America, The resolution states In part; 



BOHEI.TJm 



♦♦People in the service of the Austro-Hungarian government are constantly 
looking for an opportunity to prove to their employers that they are 
drawing no salaries without rendering, the equivalent services. A parade 
headed by "Slave loyal to Austria," is to be held to honor a monarch, 
who had filled the entire sixty-eight years of his reign with design, 
and forced little Serbia into ;var, and so is guilty of the blood spilled 
by millions of human beings. The man's name is being cursed by tens of 
thousands, and a parade is being arranged for him by foreign agents to 
be held in the streets in a Republican coiintry. The streets of Chicago 
are not here for this sort of propaganda. If there are some people in 
this city who wish to hold a "post mortem" celebration, they can do so 
in their chtirches or meeting places. Under no circumstances should 
they be allowed to demonstrate in the streets." 




10 - 3 - BOHE?.aAN 

III B 1 

I F 2 Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 21, 1917, 

I F 6 

I G The mayor referred the doc\ament to Chief of Police Schuettler, 

who declared that he was not authorized t o prohibit the 

parade. So it will be held, but the Czechs will not be in it. 




I c 

I F 2 

I F 3 

I F 4 

I G 



EOIIS!,:iAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 19, 1917, 

AUSTRIAlv^ PR0PAGA1©A IM CHICAGO 



The Austrians are beginning to use new tactics. It is reported that 
a parade vms arranged by them for Sxinday, featuring the Slavonic 
nations "loyal to the Snpire," and inarching for the immortal glory 
of Smperor Francis Joseph II 

The demonstration is supposed to serve a three-fold purpose: First, 
to prove that there are, maybe, some remnants of Slavonic blood still 
loyal to the Habsburgs, and desire to remain under their rule; second, 
that the old criminal, who has signed with his own hand over four 
thousand death sentences during the .Var, still finds some fools who 
call themselves his admirers. And thii^, to incite the Italians 
against the Dalmatiniana. The route, V/entworth Avenue and ./est 22nd 
Street, to be covered by the parade, is inhabited, predominantly, by 




_c 

F 
F 
F 
G 



2 
3 
4 



- 2 - 



Demil Hlasatel . Jan. 19, 1917. 



BOIia.!IAK. 



Italians. The hostility thus created could be used for 
propaganda, in print or otherwise, against both the Italians 
and Dalmatians. The parade was a blunt provocation, for the great 
majority of the Slavonic peoples, so overwhelmingly, to the extreme 
limit, anti-Austrian. 

But we are exceedingly interested, and so is the broad thinking public, 
to learn who coaxed the parade managers into using Czech flags at the 
head of the procession! Some Austrian agents may have intended to 
create ill feelings toward the Czechs and Slovaks, in case some distur- 
bances should take place during the marching. Or, it may be that the 
Austrian agents strove to include in their reports to their superiors 
in Vienna and in Washington the news that they have found Czechs in 
America who think of the murderers of their fathers back in the old 
country with gratitude. 




F 
F 
G 



- 3 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 19, 1917< 



B0HEI.1AIT 



But, by using Czech flags, the agents also intended to mislead 
the Allies, v/ho have only recently promised their support to 
the Czech cause. The Slavonic colors displayed should create in the 
minds of the Allies the impression that they are being double-crossed 
by those peoples whose interests are to ^rxiard those shedding their 
blood. It is further v/orth mentioning that the Austrians had tried to 
engage a Czech bsind, that of the v/ell-knovm leader, i-r, Povolny. The 
latter, however, conscious of his duty as a patriot, flatly refused 
to hire himself for such a purpose, although he had often before played 
for those who attempted to persuade him. Our Czech public v;ill surely 
give prodf of acknov/ledgement of this firm attitude. It would be 
appropriate to inform our authorities, even the I'^yor himself, of the 
insulting treatment suffered at the hands of aliens by those who have 
gladly renoxinced allegiance to their former rulers in order to become 
Americaji citizens, and enjoy the blessings of Republican freedom. If 
those provoking agents wish to adore their emperors, they ought to do 





- 4 - . bohet^an 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 19, 1917. 

it at home, and should not hurt the feelings of tens of 
thousands of those who have fotmd a better existence here 

than their bloodthirsty former rulers would ever have provided for 

them. 

It should be the task of our organizations to call the attention of the 
authorities to this mischief, and the Czech colors should not be allov/ed 
to serve as a means to pay homage to the v/orst ruler for the last three 
hundred years, and to whom the Czech nation ever has been a subject. 




I C BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (2) 

I G Penal Hlasatel . Nov, 24, 1915. 

GOMPSRS Am GUR GERMANS 

(Editorial Comment) 

The election of Samuel Gompers to the presidency of the American Federation ^ 
of Labor was almost unanimous. This fact has a oarticular significance just p 
now when our Germans, and their allies, the Irish, have been launching vicious^^ 
attacks against Gompers for his disclosure of their underground machinations 3 
and plottings in local labor unions in an effort to prevent the manufacture ^- 
of war materials for the Allies. r> 

— I 

The confidence shown in Mr. Gompers by the American Federation of Labor honors 
both hira and it. It is a proof that the furious efforts of our Germans to use 
labor as a means of forcing the Government to discontinue the exportation of 
war material, none of which can reach Germany, and all of which therefore goes 
to Germany's enemies, is futile. Gompers is a good American, and a good en- 
lightened m€in of labor. This he has proved by taking a stand against German 




- 2 - BOIISMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. S4, 1915. 

intrigues. His almost unanimous re-election to the presidency by the delegates 
to the convention of the American Federation of Labor shows that the American 
iKWkingmen share his viewpoint. He should have a solid support in all his 
efforts. 



•so 
o 






I C BOESMIAN 

III B 8 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 23, 1915, 

III B 2 (SloTak) 

III H (Slovak) SOLIDARITY BETWEEN BOHEMIANS AND SLOVAKS 

IV (Slorak) 

The central Slovak national organization In America, the Slovenska 
Liga (Slovak League), has sent the following cablegram to the British Prime 
Minister on the occasion of the inauguration of Professor Masaryk's lectures 
at the University of London: 

""Qie Slovenska Liga of America sends you, on behalf of seven hundred thousand 
Austro-Hungarian Slovaks settled in the United States, greetings on the oc- 
casion of the beginning of the lectures of our noted countryman, Professor ^ 
Tomas Q. Masaryk, at the University of London. We, the American Slovaks, 
wholeheeurtedly, desire the success and decisive victory of the British and 
the Allies* arms, because it is only from such victory that we Slovaks, in 
narrow political i>artnership with our nearest brothers, the Bohemians, can 
hope for liberation from Austro-Eungarian oppression and. tyranny, and for free- 
dom cmd national independence." 

The Liga has also sent a cablegram to Professor Masaryk: 



I C - 2 - BOHEagAN 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 23, 1915. 

Ill B 2 (Slovak) 

III H (Slovak) "Sincere greetings and good wishes for the success of your 

IV (Slovak) lectures in iriiich please remember us Slovaks who work hand ^ 

in hand with the Bohemians for liberty and national indepen- ^ 
denee. F 

"For the Slovenska Liga of i^erica, -o 
"Albert Uamatey, president." o 

Both these cablegrams are most timely and appropriate manifestations. Just at S 
this time a conference of representatives of the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni (Bo- *J^ 
hemian National Alliance) auid the Slovenska Liga is being held in Cleveland, 
Ohio, and the cablegrams are harbingers of closer co-operation between the 
central bodies of the two brotherly Slavic branches in America. 



I C BCKEMIAN 

I G 

II E 2 (Geiman) Denni Hlasatel , July 7, 1915. 

GEHMAN RSFH^MEIir IN CRIMES 

(Editorial) 

It does not take just a fanatical enemy of the Germans to recognize this 
interesting fact: There has not been one single sensational, refined, and 
well-prepared murder during the last fifteen or twenty years whose perpetrator 
was not a German. No matter if it was Chicago Luetger who "chopped up his 
wife into sausages," or Hoch, who killed women by the dozens, or New York ^ 
Wolter, the murderer of a fine young girl, or Father Schmidt, who killed his ^ 
sweetheairt Aumueller—we quote four Instances only—all of them took great *** 
pains with their crimes, did all they could to prevent detection, and gave 
strong evidence of the thoroughness for which Gennan professors have gained 
world fame. A new German name is now being added to the list of great world 
criminals, that of Professor Holt-Maeller, who killed his wife years ago, 
succeeded in disappearing, and made a reappearance by an attempted dynamiting 



I C - 2 - BOHSMIAI T 

II E 2 (German) Denni KLasatel t July 7, 1915. 

of the Capitol in V/ashln^ton and shooting the millionaire Morgan, t^at 

is a poor Italian with his stiletto, or a j>oot Negro with his razor, compared 

with the educated, artful Germans? A great deal of studying is being done 

in Germany, everything is being thoroughly studied, even the art of killing, 

the profession of murder. And the shining example of perfect accomplishments 

in this respect is, of all Germsms, their Kaiser with his Admiral Tirpitz and 

submarines. 



-o 






III H 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 7, 1915. 

A BOKEa£LAN-SLOVAK LIOVST^HMT 

(Editorial) 

Vthen the present war started raging in Europe, the whole Slavic elenent here 5 

in America, all nenbers of the oppressed nations in i2urope, realized suddenly "^^ 

that the historic monent is near that will give then an opportimity to throw r^ 

off the foreign yoke. At the sane time, they resdized that they must not -o 

stand idle and wait for what the future v;ill bring— what new state formations o 

will rise from the sea of blood that is being shed. Tlie Poles, the Lithuanians, L^ 

the Serbs, the Slovenes, all came to the conclusion that they are being called S 



upon to lead the liberating movement. i,e have to confess that it is among us, 
the Bohemians, that this movement is least successful. As to the reasons for 
this, there are several. At first it was the unfortunate controversy betv;een 
the advocates of the so-called "relief movement" and. the so-called "liberating 
movement". 






I C - 2 - BOHS?.aAN 

III H 

I G Dennl Hlaaatel , Apr. 7, 1915. 

The first movenent was a failure; there is no doubt about that any more. The 
few dollars that were collected are a pemanent reproach to the American ^ 

Bohemians' indifference rather than a substantial relief fund of which we could ^ 
be somewhat proud. o. 

The second movenent did not do so well either, being ridiculed and attacked by ^ 
variovis people who, partly because of ignoi-ance and partly because of offended § 
pride, have succeeded in splitting public opinion in Bohemian-America, and even ^ 
in filling it with indifference, nay, disgust with the whole matter. This has g 
been going on even though it is clearly apparent that only political action, an <5^ 
action directed toward the fonaation of new states on the ruins of the rotten 
Eapsburg Ifonarchy, has a promise of peimanent beneficial results. A relief move- 
ment may alleviate misery, but it can never abolish it if the causes of that 
misery are not removed. There probably will be no difference of opinion among 
us about the statement that the struggles between Austria's nations, Vienna's 
blood-sucking policies, and the Hapsburgs' yoke have been the principal reasons 
for the lamentable economic status of Austria's nations. In principle, the 



I C - 3 - BOHEtCTAK 

III H 

I G Dennl Elasatel . Apr. 7, 1915. 

relief movement is a matter of sentiment, of the heart, while the political 
movenent has its roots in corjiion sense, in the brain. VJhich of these two is ^ 
of greater value is easy to decide. 3> 

A great improvement, however, has been taking place recently. It may be late, C 
but it is better late than never. A central body for the whole of Bohemian- tj 
America has been organized to take over the leadership of the movement; contacts o 
have been effected with Boherdan committees in Russia, France, and England; a Lj 
more effective publicity campaign is being conducted to acquaint the world with § 
our desires, our hopes. V/e have gotten rid of the spirit of inertia, of those *^ 
lazy and cowardly people who would not atterupt anything that could not be re- 
alized tomorrow, or better still, who would attempt nothing at all, V«e have 
come to realize that anything that can be achieved tomorrow and with little 
effort is not worth having, and that only by setting for ourselves a great goal, 
an ideal that is aeemingly impossible of achievement, can we get ahead. ^Now, 
we have to come to the realization that, being the whole nation's most ardent 
lovers of liberty — we came to America because we would not bear political or 



I c - 4 - BOHaa^ 

III H 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 7, 1915. 

economic oppression — v;e shovild be the leade3?s in the fight for that nation's 
liberation. Now, what do v;e want to achieve by our political movement? 



5 



We want the foundation of an independent Bohemian-Slovak State on a federative ■c:^ 
basis following one fixed policy towards its neighbors and other nations, with p 
utmost liberty and freedom within, with a republican fom of governi.ient . This ^ 
goal, whenever we have thought of it, included both the Bohemians and the Slovaks. o 
That this is the case was clearly shown at the Paris Slavic congress where it ^ 
was especially stressed that Hungarian-Slovakia should become a part of the S 
future independent Bohemian commonwealth, because the congress realized that it ^ 
will not be the Slovaks, but the Bohemians who will derive the greatest benefit 
from this union. The Slovaks are in a position to give the Bohemians much more 
than the Bohemians can give the Slovaks. They can help in restoring pxirity to 
the Bohemian literary language which was corrupted by Jungman ^irst modem 
Bohemian grammarian and lexicogi^phe^; they can have a purifying influence 
upon the national aims of the Bohemians which have been defiled by fsuLse cos- 
mopolitanism; they can instill into us some of their energy and vitality 



I C - 5 - BOKK^TTAH 

III H 

I G Denni laasatel . Apr. 7, 1915. 

steeled by their struggle with their Kxingarian oppressors. In exchange for all 

this we can offer nothing more than a oodicma of modem civilization which, s 

after all, is a poor kind of gift if we realize that it has led the world to 3» 

such disaster as the present war, eind that such civilization may be achieved 'p 

in one generation, while the rare qualities of the Slovak people took centuries ^ 

to develop. go 

o 

Under such conditions it would be only natural that it is the Bohenians who shouldco 
be first in working for co-operation between American Bohemians and iimerican C:^ 
Slovaks in an effort to create an independent Bohemian-Slovak state upon the 
wreckage of the putrid realm of the Ilapsburgs; a state v;hich would be based on 
complete equality of rights of both component elements in the inner affairs of 
the state; a state which would be boiinded by national borders and would for- 
get the silly border lines as we remember them from our school atlases; a state 
which wotild draw the line of deraarkation between the Slovak and Bohemian autono- 
mous administrative spheres along the line of territory inhabited by one or the 
other national element. That is to say, that, within the common state, the 



tn 



I C - 6 - BOTrPMTAN 

III H 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 7, 1915. 

Slovaks would form one autonomous unit, no matter whether they are now in 
Moravia or In Hungarian-Slovakia. Let us not forget that there are about one 
million Slovaks in I<lDravia. To sum up briefly: The American-Bohemians should 
be at the head of the action aiming at the formation of one common Bohemian- 
Slovak state with complete autonomy for the Bohemians and for the Slovaks with- 
in; the demarkation of the autonomoiis spheres drawn along language boundaries. 



5 



-o 

TO 
CD 



Instead of this, we see that it was from the Bohemian side only that voices have ^ 
been heard urging Bohemian action quite separate from the Slovaks, and without ^ 
regard for whatever the Slovaks might do. Thus, after a long struggle of eipJtit ^ 
months, when, in principle, the political movement heis been recognized as cor- 
rect and proper, we come to the sad phenomenon of some puny, small-minded people 
making fresh attempts against that action, people who prefer a tiny backyard 
as long as it is exclusively their own, from which to call "Hands off!" They 
prefer this to working as equal and full-fledged partners on one great undertaking; 
this is the phenomenon of efforts on the part os such puny and small-minded peo- 
ple to wreck the whole movement in order to satisfy their own petty personal 



I C - 7 - BOHEI^aAIT 

III'H 

I G Dennl Klasatel , Apr. 7, 1915. 

pride. The Slovalis nay be sure that that is not the Bohemian position; that 
that is not the position of even a small minority of the Bohemians. It is the ^ 
position of one individual , a position that must be fully and strongly repu- 
diated and denied. All Boneiiians agree that we have to form a united front 
with the Slovaks, that we have to work together with one another, and that we 
call "Hands off I" to the nan who would like to spoil this co-operation because g 
of trifling selfish and reprehensible reasons. ^- 

« Co 

cr> 



3> 



-a 



J 



I C BOHEMIAN 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 10, 1915. 

BCHEMIAN-POLISH CO-OEERiffICK 

(Editorial) 

Bohemian-Polish co-operation, brotherly agreement, and unity of effort are in- 
dispensable requirements in these days, and those among us who have accepted 
the responsibility of taking the necessary steps toward the fulfillment of our 
national desires — steps that the leaders of our nation in the old country are 
unable to take under the prevailing conditions — should never forget this. It 
will perhaps be easier at the present time to reach an understanding with our 
brother Poles than it has been in the past, when all attempts of this kind 
failed because of indifference on both sides. In those days, only matters of 
inferior importance were at stake, such as 0(»mnon local political action, or 
the question of so-called recognition by the political psrties. Toda^, however, 
it is a question of the most important interests of both brother nations, the 
question of their existence and their liberty. At the present time, the idea 



I C - 2 - BOHBaHAN 

III H 

Penal Hlaaatel , Mar, 10, 1915. 

of Bohemian-Polish co-operation In ibnerlca should certainly find a greater 

measure of understanding and meet with a much more friendly reception, de ^ 

development of a program of action based on that Idea would be something our ^ 

own leaders cuid the Polish leaders would have to do. p: 

It would be decidedly to our benefit if we Bohemians should pay closer atten- g 

tlon to what the local Poles are doing. We should find that much of it we i" 

could emulate to great advantage. If nothing else, their generous xinselfish- ^ 

ness and enthusiastic devotion to their old country are well worth emulating. uj 



I I_C BOHa.'LuT 

i III B 2 

♦ III G Denni KlaGatel , I.Iur. 16, 1914. 



IV 



A DICS'Ii'IZD ?RCT-.oT IZISTIITG .CTjUJUJD BY ZILIC3IT2I3j2) ■ =§ 

ccu::Tirr..:i:i ' ' ^ 

opeaI:ers Take lart in ^- rot est A=;ain3t ."^saertionG of {H 

Professor I^osse '-' 

-a 
to 

o 






Yesterday afternoon at three o* clock, at the behest of the 5esko-;j:iericka- 
ITarodnl Rada (Boher.iian-.jrierican National Council), and of its untiring 
chairman and founder, the v;ell-kno-..n traveler, writer, and national v/erlccr*, j^ 
llr, Zo ot, Vraz, a protest r.eetin v;as called at the :avilion of the Pilson 
Bre\vinr Gor.:pany at which the Jlavs, and' first of all the Boheniians, v.'ere to 
voice a i-rotest against Professor Rosse's assertions regarding the Bohemians. 

Professor Rosse, v;ho heads the United Zt tes national oociolooical i-jS30Ciation, 
just lately has v/ritten a number of articles a^^.pearing in the Century'- 
.:agazine v;hich arc, in the true sense of the word, an insult to all irrjnigrant 
r.erribers of Slavonic races. 



I C - B - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 16^, 1914, 

IV 

It was up to the Bohemians to protest against his assertions, and they did 
80 in 80 dignified a manner as to surpass the expectations of Mr. E. St. Vraz, 
who had issued the call for this meeting. 

By three o'clock the attendance was so large that there was not an empty seat^ 
in the huge auditorium, and many of those who came were obliged to return. ^ 

They have sanething to regret, for they missed witnessing the spontaneous -5 
demonstration of enthusiasm we are capable of developing whenever we halfway 2 
make up our mind to do so. ^ 

rs> 

This we showed yesterday. V/e should be glad to see such a display more 
frequently, aspecially on occasions of such importance as was yesterday's event. 
We showed our strength, self-confidence, and keen interest when it came to the 
point of combating statements and assaults aimed against all immigrants. 



I C - 3 - BOHBMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Dennl Hlasatel . liar. 16, 1914, 

IT 

We were especially gratified to see that yesterday's protest meeting 
was attended by members of all classes of our countrymen, no matter of what 
political or religious conTiction they may be. 

Of all SlaTonie nations, howerer, only Bohenians took part in the meeting. ^ 
This they did because they are aware of the injustice and wrong they suffered 
at the hands of an individual who, as a professor of the University of -^ 
Wisconsin, is presuiaed to be a representative of American science. ^ 

In addition to the Bohenians, only Americans were present; men irtio, because o|^ 
their long contact with Bohemians, their experiences and special studies, ^ 
appreciate us as people devoted to duty and working not only for economic, but 
also spiritucLL progress* 

There were there to show their interest emd prove that they will always stand 



I C - 4 - BOKSI^IIAN 

III B 2 

III G Dannl Hlasatel. Mar. 16, 1914. 

17 

behind such a people as the Boheiaians are. 

:^ 
Such men are In xirlnciple opposed to any laws against imniigration and to the ^ 
tendency to calumniate nations which fona the bulk ot immigration. .-^ 



-TD 



CO 
l>0 



The meeting was called to order shortly after three o« clock by the chairman 
of the Narodnf Rada, Mr. E. St. 7raz, who said that the reason for calling g 
the meeting is too well known to make its restatement necessary. Since it is 
the custom among the Slavic people to honor the out-side visitors by giving 
them preference, he introduced as first speaker Miss Grace Abbott, the chair- D^ 
man of the Immigrants* Protective League and a well-known Hull House worker. 

Miss Abbott began by saying that she was glad when she received the invitation 
to this meeting, because it gave her an opportunity not only to attend, but to 
declare openly her opinion about immigrants, especially the Slavs, of whom the 
Bohemisms are the best known to her, because of her experiences and contacts 



I C - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 16, 1914. 

17 

with tham* 

m the statements of Professor Rosse about the Slavs she sees only prejudice ^ 
against the imnigrants, a prejudice which, although not justified, is rather -o 
coomon among Mericans* 



?o 



This prejudice is that much more to be condemned, because it is being used as S 
a means of propaganda in a book for which its author claims consideration as ^ 
a scientific work. 

The Professor states in his work that the Slavs are unclean, filthy, disorderly, 
and have many other untoward qualities. Such qualities are, however, not 
typical of Slavs, for we find them among individuals of all nations; not even 
the Mericans can be excluded from this accusation. 



I C - 6 - BCHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III a Dennl Hlasatel, Uar. 16, 1914. 

I? 

A nation should never be judged by a few individuals. But If it is, such 

individuals must not be held responsible for something that is due purely to 
conditions and circumstances brought about in this particular case by Merica 
itself, where the minimum wage has a good deal to do with the problem which ^ 
Professor Rosse attempts to solve. ^ 



-T-> 



Professor Rosse has Judged the immigrants very unjustly and today even the p 

Americans are ashamed of his assertions. Faults and weaknesses can be found t^ 

in every nation, but those faults are not a sign of weakness in the whole ^ 

nation. i— 



CO 



The Bohemian nation has brought to iUnerica many good and beautiful qualities ai 
of which it should not rid itself during the process of assimilation to 
ilmerican conditions, because these qualities are beneficial also to Merlca. 

The speaker sees in America a great future for any nation which can preserve 



I C - 7 - BOHailAN 

III B 2 

III G Dennl Hlaaatel , Mar. 16, 1914. 

IV 

its national and racial individuality* ^d one of the nations best able 

to do this in iUaerica is the Bohemian, to which Miss Abbott herself pays her -^ 
respects* '- 

I — 
Her simple and sincere address was often interrupted by applause which, at ^ 

the close of her address, burst into a real storm of enthusiasm, clearly show- ~o 

ing the deep gratefulness of the Bohemian people to a non-Bohemian for whom 2 

prejudice is not sufficient grounds for berating a nationality* o^ 

, "-J 

Here Ur* E* St* Yraz thanked Miss iUbbott in the name of all those present, and "^ 
introduced the next speaker, a well-known friend of the Bohemian people, 
Professor Miller, who is active at the Olivet College* 

The speaker pointed out first of all that Professor Rosse violated the principal 
rule which every sociologist must follow; he should not have criticized from 
the standpoint of outward appearance, and especially in the case of foreigners; 



I C - 8 - BOKBMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Mar. 16, 1914. 




3=- 



and he did not touch upon the inner person, upon the spirit of the 
criticized people* A true and serious sociologist does not work in that 
way, especially idien he himself is publicizing his work as scientific and 
author! tat lye. g 



•XI 



CO 

rv3 



Professor Miller states that he is glad he was able to be present at this 
meeting, because he IcnowB foreigners, and especially the Bohemians, through u=i 
frequent personal contacts; that he gladly journeyed to Chicago, and iinme- 
dlately looked up Professor Thomas, who is active at the University of Chicago, 
and eusked him for his opinion about Professor Rosse*s work. 

Professor Thomas said that the work is not a scientific one, because it is 
not founded on truth, and that he will soon publish a work in answer to 
Professor Ro8se*s statements* The speaker expects to do likewise* 

These wozks will be the answers to the erroneous assertions of Professor 



I C - 9 - BOHMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Dennl Hlasatel. Mar. 16, 1914. 

IV 

Rosse* 



5 



"O 



Professor Miller added that the Bohemians are winning recognition in the 

field of arts and sciences in Merica. The Slavs, and particiilarily the ^ 

Bohemians, cannot therefore be considered here as an undesirable element. 



He ended his speech which was filled with friendly references to our nation 
and expressed a truly sympathetic feeling for us, with the Sokol salute, 
Na Zdar! (To Success!}. 

His brilliant address was rewarded by a storm of applause. Mr. S. St. Vraz 
thanked him and then urged the audience to seek for an expression of feel- 
ings about the wrong and insult we as Slavs have suffered. We must be heard 
particularly in this instance, because this insult was noticed even by the 
i^ericans. 






I C - 10 - BOBEMIAN 

III B 2 

III a Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 16, 1914. 

It BU8t not be said that this mass meeting was called without Justifiea- 
tion, that nothing really happened to the Bohemians to eooqplain about. Tbe ^ 
speaker goes on to say that Professor Rosse, in a letter to the Narodni Rada, ^ 
states that Bohemians have no right to conplain, because he places them on ^^ 
the same plane with the Germans; that he admits their primacy among all Slav r- 
nations, a statement which he claims will appear in the August number of the X 
Century magazine. He further writes that he cannot help it that the publishers o 
printed the last four chapters first. ^ 



T-3 



Ifr. E. St. 7raz, the chairman, remarked that even if Professor Rosse should now en 
write a farorable article, he always would be against him. 

The next speaker was Dr. Rudis-Jieinsky, who picked the Professor to pieces 
with his satiric remarks. He said that the Professor himself is a foreigner; that 
he threw all the Slavs into one basket, and now is surprised that we are knocking 
one anotber on the head. And irtiy should we not, irtxen we Bohemians know how to 



I C ■ - 11 - . BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Deiml Hlasatel. Mar. 16, 1914. 

17 

do that capitally among ourselves? And we mlgbt have fared better, 
perhaps, with the protest meeting if we had waited until the learned 
Professor publishes his next articles, so that he could be cleaned up all ^ 
at once. -ri. 

After that Dr. RudiS-JiSinskf spoke of the work done in America by ^ 

immigrants to whom America is indebted for all that she is today. g 






Mr. John A. Cervenka spoke next, saying that the insulting article written 
by Professor Rosse put him in such a state of mind that he was hardly able oi 
to read. He became nervous reading one insult after another heaped upon us; 
and protest we certainly should when we think of our mothers and wives* 
Mr. Cervenka considers the letter sent by Professor Rosse a capitulation. 

When Mr. Servenka had finished speaking. Professor J. anrhal said that the meet- 
ing was a test of the temper of the people, and that the success of the 
gathering is a testimony to the maturity and self-assurance of our people. 



I C - 12 - " BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 • 

III G Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 16, 1914. 

IV ^ 
vho will not stand for being belittled and insulted even by a learned ^ 

professor. 



• 



If the Professor sees faults in our immigrants, the nation is not at fault. -c 



:x> 



The responsibility lies in the deficiencies and faults of our social order* o 



CO 



Urs* L« Veselsky was the next speaker. She represented the Bohemian-iUnerican S 
women, and very pointedly spoke of their skill in culinary and household arts. *" 
In their homes Professor Rosse surely would not find the filth he wrote about; 
and if he were to sit at a well-laden table of a hospitable Bohemian family, 
and eat the food, he would change his views about the Bohemians* cleanliness. 

Mrs. Veselsky also mentioned the educational and humanitarian work perfoxmed 
by Bohemian- American women; their toil for all Merica eind its future 
development. 

After a short pause in the program. Professor Miller and Miss Abbott left the 



I C - 13 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Denn^ Hlaaatel. Mar. 16, 1914. 

17 

auditorium, and the audience paid their respects to them by rising* 

Then Dr. Jaroslav E. Salaba Vojan pitied Professor Rosse, as the author of 
the published articles, and as a teacher in a university of a State which 
was built with the help of Bohemians. Mr. SEurel Jonas, onetime vice-governor, ^ 
lives in Wisconsin. ^ 



o 



Representing the Cesko-Americka Tiskova Eanoelaf , (Bohemian-American Press 
Bureau), Mr. James F. Stipina followed in the line of the previous spesikers 
and blamed the Century Magazine , a monthly v^loh is read by the so-called 
American aristocracy, who like to boast of their ancestors as far back as o 
three or four hundred years. ^ 

If we were to investigate their family tree, said the speaker, we would find 
there many names of men with criminal records, men who were forced to flee 
from Europe to save their lives. These are the men who organized colonies in 
America. 



I C . , - 14 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III G Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 16, 1914. 

de speaker went on to say that the Slav nations, and the Bohemians in particu- 
lar, show very little of the criminal in them; he was certain that the Cesko- 
Americka Narodni Rada took upon itself the responsibility of infoiming the ^ 
American public about the facts in t lis serious matter. ^ 

Judge Joseph Z. Uhlir then spoke in English* He criticized Professor Rosse r; 

severely, and asserted that a professor of such an outstanding university gg 

should not be tolerated as a teacher. He urged all those present to join the o 

very worthy body of Cesko-Araericka Narodni Rada. co 

C3 

With a few ^veil-chosen words Ur. £. St. Vraz then closed this most remarkable *^ 
mass meeting. 

A resolution was presented just before the close of the meeting expressing 
sharp criticism of Professor Rosse's articles, and infoiming him of the trend 



I C - 15 - BOHEailAN 

m B 2 • 

III Dennl Hlasatel. Mar. 16, 1914. 

17 

of this most austere gathering. The resolution urged the Qesko-MerlckS 
Harodni Rada to secure capable men, who, with the aid of publications, would 
inform the American public about the Slars in general, and make it better 
acquainted with the Bohemians in particular. : 



-a 
o 



CO 



2L2. BOHPMTAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Iiiar. 11, 1913. 
^^bVSRSE PUBLICITY FOR OUR BOHEMI^l^/ 
(Editorial) 

The Bohemian community in Chicago is growing in a gratifying manner. It is 
increasing numerically; it is getting stronger economically; it is even, to 
a certain extent, improving intellectually. Bat there is one respect in 
viiich it is gradually suri)assing other Bohemian communities in the United 
States-— in public scandals and the rather well-knovoa stool pigeon and in- 
formant affairs. In this the Bohemian colony in Chicago is rapidly gaining 
a supremacy which v/ill by no means be envied by our close and more distant 
neighbors, V/hat good does it do to try to make other nationalities more 
acquainted with the better qualities of the Bohemian element if, on the 
other hand, we permit the luxuriation in our own midst of such an obnoxious 
weed— a weed which is slowly poisoning the atmosphere in which we live? 
This is a phenomenon worth pondering by all sensible people. 



m. 



:p 



I C BOHEMIAN 

III G 

17 Denn£ HlasatQl. Oct. 11, 1912. 

A PHOCLMATION OF TSE CESKO-iii^IZRICKA TISKOVA KANGEUtti 

The Cesko-Americka Tiskova Eancalaf {Bohemian-American Press Bureau) requests 
us to publish the following proclamation: 

"The Spravedlnost of October 10 carries an article entitled •Slovaci A Cesi* 
(Slo7aks and Bohemians) which begins as follov/s: • 3» 

"•Our Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelaf protested last year against including <^ 

Slovaks with the Bohemian- Slavonic people in the census report of the Immi- ^ 

gration Bureau, giving as a reason the alleged fact that there are among them 2 

many illiterates. Thus, our Bohemian nationality was happily saved through g 

the efforts of two of our prominent scientists, Mr. Ales HrdliSka and £3 

Dr. Jaroslav E. S. 7ojan,* ^ 

"The writer of this article is guilty of the worst kind of misstatement, and 
no doubt Spravedlnost has accepted this article as a part of its avowed policy 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

IV Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 11, 1912, 

of fighting the flesko-Americkd Tiskova Kancelaf whenevar and wherever there 
is an opportunity. In printing it, however, the Spravedlnoat assumes all 
responsibility for the article. But the truth is edtogether different. 

"The Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelaf published a nev/s item in Bohemian news- 
papers of February 19, 1911, stating that Dr. Ales Hrdlicka had sent a pro- 
posal, upon the request of Rozhledy (Reviews) and Americka Os79oa (American 
Culture), to the Genersil Immigration Cooimissioner, Mr* Daniel J. 0*]&efe, 
for a new division of Liimigrants as reported in the publications of the I&iited 
States Immigration Bureau* TUxe proposal calls for division into five grou-ns, 
the third of which would be 'Bohemians, Moravians, Silesians, and Slovaks*. g 
To this, the Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelar added the follovfing: i— 

» »Mr. Hrdli6ka*s proposal is correct from the ethnological point of view, c5J 
but from the national-economic point of view, two colmnns are necessary, one 
for the Bohemian-Slavonic people and one for the Slovaks. At that, the atti- 
tude of the Bohemian people at the present time is to grant the Slovaks an 



-o 



I p. - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III G . 

17 Denni Hlasatel. Oct. 11, 1912. 

independent national development. This Is undoubtedly the proper attitude, 
particularly since the Slovaks have decided for it. The separation is now 
a fact, even if it is a regrettable one, and there is nothing to be gained 
by reopening old wounds. In the national-economic respect, the Bohemlan- 
Slavoni,c people live in Cisleithania territory to the west of the river 
Leita, or Litava, dividing the old Austro-Hungarlan Empire into the Austrian 
part and the Hungarian part/, and the Slovaks in Transleithania ^^east of that 
riverT"* Each half of the Empire has different national-economic and political 
conditions, and therefore the pooling of immigration statistics would not be 
advisable. Also, it would cause new confusion. It is only since 1882 that 
there has been a separate column for "Bohemia;" later on it was changed to 
"Bohemia and Moravia," which designation, of course, could also include the o 
Geimans from these two lands, although this is not likely, since the Germans ^ 
always indicate "Austria" as the country of their origin. Finally, the sepa- S 
rate column for "Bohemians and Moravians" v;as instituted in 1899.* "^ 

"Thus, we have had a precise, well-defined classification for eleven years 



3> 



-D 



I C - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III a 

17 Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 11, 1912, 

only—a classification which identifies the exact number of Bohemians admit- 
ted into the United States, A pooling with Slovaks would cause new difficul- 
ties in the national-economic respect. 

"The writer of the article published in the Spravedlnost (disregarding the 

fact that he erroneously uses the expression * census* in talking about yearly 

reports and monthly bulletins issued by the Immigration Bureau, even though 

the census is taken only once in ten years) has permitted himself to squeeze 

four untruths into two sentences: P 

-o 
"In the first place, the Cesko-Americka Tiskova Eancelaf did not protest § 
against Dr. Hrdlicka»s proposal; it only expressed arguments against it. ^ 

ro 

"In the second place, there v/as no talk at all about illiteracy. (The Cesko- S^ 
Americka TiskovS Kancelllf was considering only national-economic and statisti- 
cal reasons, and here we may add to all that has been said before that the 
Bohemians rarely return to the old country to live, while with the Slovaks, 



-X3 

5> 



I G. . . - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III G 

17 Derm£ Hlasatel. Oct. 11, 1912. 

this is frequently the case. Thus, if there were a common classification, it 
would be impossible to tell how many of those returning were Slovaks and how 
many were Bohemians.) 

"In the third place, there was no question of protecting our Bohemian nation- 
ality, but simply a question of scientific exactness, which, of course, the 
writer does not know anjrthing about. 

"Finfidly, there was no question of a combined pressure or influence, but Just 
the reverse: The question of the divergence in the opinions of Dr. Hrdlidka 
and Dr. Vojan. Furthermore, how important it is to be most careful in matters 
pertaining to nationality was shown on the occasion of Dr. Stefanik's visit. 
When the Cesko-A- ericka Tiskova Kancelaf called this prominent astroncxaer a 
' vesko-Slovensky ' (Bohemian-Slovak) scientist (because, although he is a Slovak, 
he was graduated from the University of Prague and feels warmly toward the 
Bohemians), the Pittsburgh Slovak newspapers protested against this nomenclature, 
maintaining that Stefanik is purely a Slovak scientist and that the added 



I C - 6 - ■ BOHSMIAN 

III G 

IV Denni ELasatel. Oct. 11, 1912. 

designation 'Ceako* is Just as unfair as when the Germans make Germans out of 
Bohemian scientists and artists. However, we do not propose to deal with 
this natter now, because the Cesko-MerickS Tiskovi Kanceldf made its respec« 
tive point of view sufficiently clear in its reply of June 23, 1911, to the 
attack of Mr. Petr Kompis of Pittsburgh against the Bohemians. 






"The article in the Spravedlnost might have engendered the Slovaks* antago- ^ 

nism toward the Cesko-Araerick^ Tiskova Kanceldf. Fortunately, however, the F 

Slovaks will not believe the distortions contained in the article, and the -^ 

case will sigain prove the truth of the old Bohemian proverb that 'a lie g 

walks on short legs*." !— 



rv9 



I C ' BOHEMIAN 

I F 4 
I H 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 3, 1911, 

CZECHS - TOO PATIENT 

We Czechs, whether faithful or renegades, infidels or heretics, are all 
gifted with genuine Christian patience, both in the old country and 
America. Those who are compelled to venture across 26th St., between 
Vfestern Ave., and Rockwell St., and work their way througli the excavation, 
will bear us out. Thousands of people cross there daily, thousands plunge 
up to their ankles in the mire and some up to their knees. A very few 
of them give vent to their ire in three good round oaths - all the rest 
of them, hov/ever, take it with loj'-al meekness, .ill of them are Czechs and. 
have many an acquaintance in the City liall and the street car company 
offices. In these places, hov/ever, the characteristic patience of the 
Czechs is too well known, and so nothing is being done about the nuisance. 
If this nationally distinct weakness were not known, some remedy, e.g. in 
the form of a boardwalk, would have been provided a long time ago. But 



mi 



- 2 - 



BOHEL^IAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 3, 1911. 

why 'Should the "big shots" worry, when they are certain that the Czechs 
will wait till the mire is frozen and they will meekly break their limbs 
when trying to cross over, just as they are today almost drowning them- 
selves by trying to perform the feat. 



/ "^ 




I C EOHSMIAN 

I C (German) '* 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 2, 1911, 
I A 1 a 

III H AMSRICAl.^ REPORT OK BOHSrHA RECTIFISD - AIID APPRSCIATSD 
17 

The Chicago Record-Herald published for one entire week, beginning Nov, 
2S, comprehensive articles from Bohemia by its special correspondent 
William E. Curtis. Mr. William Elmer Curtis is a journalist of note. 
He was bom in 1850, at Akron, C, has written several books on Spain, 
, America, Russia, Venezuela, and other countries, has been director of 
the Bureau of the American Republics, and the head of the department 
for Latin-America and the Section for History at the Chicago Coliombian 
World's Fair. This secured a great many readers for him. In his letters 
from Prague Mr. Curtis said many flattoring things about Prague and the 
Czechs. Simultaneously, however, he penned many an incorrect item on 
Bohemiaoi history and on present Bohemian life as well. Evidently, while 
in Prague, he was caught in Cexinan tentacles. The Bohemian-American 
Press Bureau feels it incumbent upon itself to make at least the most 
necessary corrections. It was^ for us, impossible to cover every point 
which would have require^ several articles, and \Miich the English language 




I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 2, 1911. 
I A 1 a 

III H papers lalght not have accepted. The statement, which has been 
17 worked out by Dr. Vojan, the director of the Press Bureau, was 

sent, with a letter of reconmendation from Mr. Vopicka, to the 
Chicago Record Herald , and at the same time to The Minneapolis Journal at 
Minneapolis, Minn., where Mr. Curtis* articles had been reprinted. The 
Record-Herald has so far failed to publish oidr statement. The l!inneapolis 
Journal published the statement in the second section of its Sunday edition 
of December 25, verbatim, as near as we could gather from the copy, mailed 
to us by the editor of The Minneapolske Koviny . Mr. F. R. Katlach. The 
statement takes up two entire columns of close print. The article, under 
the headline "Some Comments on Curtis' Letters from Bohemia," runs as 
follows: 

For the past 14 days Bohemian-Americans have been following daily, and 
with great interest, the articles sent to the Record Herald and The 
Minneapolis Journal by their European correspondent Mr. William E. Curtis; 
they came from the capital of Bohemia, our beloved "centi-spired ♦mommy' 
Prague." v;e have read with gratitude his words of regret that Prague, 




I C - 3 - ■ BQHKMTAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel . Jan, 2, 1911. 
I A 1 a 

III H which in some respects is unique among the towns of Europe, is 

IV not well enough known among American tourists. Count Luetzow 
makes the remark in his book Story of Prague , (London, J. M. 

Dent. 1902) that "in dropping a stone from a window one is throwing out 
a part of history." And it is not only a par.t of history of Bohemia, 
but it is even a part of the history of Central Europe. 

The situation has taken a turn for the better in the course of the last 
year. The esteemed traveler Burton Holmes, spent six weeks in Prague 
and Bohemia last summer, and his lectures, delivered in the fall in 
Chicago and other American cities, shall disperse many prejudicies, and 
shall more favorably introduce Czechs to the Americans. The American 
reader is being made very thoroughly acquainted with the present cultural 
development, the history and ethnographic features of Bohemia, the land 
whose daughters and sons, like Emmy Destinn, Karel Burian, Alfred Mucha, 
M. J. Korbel and others, are well known to art-loving iUnerica. Two 
excellent books are serving this end: Bohemia by Count Luetzow, doctor 




I C - 4 - ■ ■ ' B0n3.!IAIT 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1911. 
I A 1 a 

III H of jurisprudence of Oxfoi^ University, (Eversmian's library, 
17 Hew York, E, P. Button) , 8ind Bohemia and the Czechs by 

Will S, Monroe (Boston, L, C. Page) • And last but not least, 
the articles of I'jc. Curtis, who is an unusually gifted observer, v/ould 
equally tell to the American reader many a thing entirely new to him 
about Bohemia. 

The Chicago and the IJinnesota Czechs are therefore very grateful for 
Mr. Curtis* instructive articles. 

It is not my intention to find fault with minor errors which crept into - , o 



the vivid pict\ire drawn by the esteemed writer. I merely want to point 
to those few of a more weighty significance. 

In the historical part, Kr. Curtis tells us that in the Husit wars 

"the Czech aristocracy sided with the Reformation party, and the peasantry 

remained faithful to the church." The reverse is true, and I am dissenting, 

because, as Luetzow writes, "the time of the Husit wars war? the time of 

the greatness of the Czechs, and, at the same time the period when alliances 






I g 

I C (Gennan) 

II B 2 d (1) 
I A 1 a 

III H 
17 



- 5 - 



Denni Hlasatel, Jan. 2, 1911. 



B0HEI.!IA1J 



between Bohemia and England were frequent and strong, proved 
by the fact that lohn V/yklif*s influence was greater in Bohaoia 
than in his native land," These v/ars, which made of Bohemia 
mainly a husitic country for over tvro centuries, are a brilliant mani- 
festation of sterling democracy. The peasants and the populace of the 
smaller towns leaned preponderantly towards the Taborits. Zizka, their 
famous leader, who never lost a single battle, and his small, but well 
disciplined soldiery, defended the religious reformation, and annihilated 
five crusading expeditions sent against the Czechs by the Popes. The 
nobility was divided into two sides: One, together with the populace of 
Prague, belonged to the Conservative Husit party - the "Calice Party** - 
the other stood by the Roman Catholic church. Monroe, therefore, wrote 
correctly "The Calice party finally formed the aristocratic party, 
represented by the university and the city of Prague. The Taborits on 
the other hand sided with the democratic party, comprising the common 
people of the villages and small tO¥nis." 



Mr, Curtis further finds very peculiar the fact that the "University of 



i'CII ° 



I C - 6 - . BOHMTIAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Deiml Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1911, 
I A 1 a 

III H Prague was separated into a Czech and a German section. His 
17 information, aside from this, that there are two \iniversities 

xinder one rector and a single academic senate, is not correct. 
The division of the university and the creation of an independent Czech 
university was an indispensable requirement of the Czechs. The Germans 
and the Czechs are two totally different nations. The Germans belong to 
the Germanic race. The Czechs belong to the Slavonic race. The languages 
have nothing in common, and therefore anyone will comprehend that even 
if there were no race struggles existing - Czech science and literature 
could not develop successfully under bilingual tuition. Just as American 
universities cannot be other than of the English tongue, so the Czechs 
must have a Czech university. Both universities, the Czech and the German, 
have independent administrative staffs, onlj' ~he library being common. The 
increasing number of students at the Czech university, and the decreasing 
ninnber at the German university, show best which one is the natural need 
for the Bohemian country. In the school year 1904-1905, the Czech tiniversity 
had 3,924 students, the German only 1,520, among v/hom many were not, perhaps, 
from Bohemia or the other Austro - Hungarian countries, but from the German 




I C - 7 - BOHEMIAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1911. 
I A 1 a 

III H Reich. The Austrian government treated the Czech university 
17 as a step-child, llr. Curtis is mistaken when he thinks that 

"the Czechs would, no doubt, refuse to accept help if it were 
tendered by the Imperial government." On the contrary, the Czechs have 
been calling for help in vain. One month ago the students of Professor 
Vejvodsky, went on strike because the lecture halls and the laboratories 
cannot hold one-half the number of students. Only by such means can the 
government be induced to provide for better accommodations. Mr. Curtis 
supposes that the Prague xiniversity has not regained the influence and 
renown it enjoyed before the Husit VJars. As a doctor of Jurisprudence 
of the University of Prague, I am able to defend my Alma Fater against 
this contention. The Czech viniversity, as it is today, numbers among its 
professors just as great scientists as any Austrian, German or French 
university. I shall cite two names only: Prof. Thomas Garrigue Masaryk, 
who is well known in a country even as far away as America - he took his 
middle-name from the maiden-name of his wife, a bom New Yorker - and 
Professor Vejdovsky, who is an honorary doctor of the University of 






I C - 8 - BOHa^IAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1911. 
I A 1 a 

III H Cambridge, The former is a great philosopher and sociologist, 
17 the latter a famous biologist. Professor Monroe says, on 

pge. 153, "The Czech part of the university ranks among the 
foremost seats of high learning in Europe, whereas, the German part has 
decreased in numbers as well as in academic significance to the grade of 
second rate institutes among the German universities.** - 

As to ethnographic designations, Mr. Curtis uses the word "Austrians" 
for the Gennans in Bohemia. The Germans in Bohemia are "Germans,** not 
••Austrians** by any means. Austrieois are only Germans, who live in Upper 
and Lower-Austria, But the inhabitants of the Austrian part of the Austro- 
Hungarian empire have no name in common. In that territory there live 
Czechs, Germans, Poles, Italians, etc., and therefore, we can speak only 
of Czech, Geiman, Polish, Italian and other languages and literatures. 
The subject is similarly expounded in the book Our Slavic Fellow Citizens 
by Smily Green Balch, (New York, Charities 1910, page 12). 




I C - 9 - BOHEMIAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1911, 
I A 1 a 

III H But my main objection is concerned with I'r, Curtis* opinion 
IV" that in the nationalistic struggle in Bohemia "provocative 

behavior is almost always on the Czech side," If I wanted 
to claim most convincingly that the reverse is true there might be a 
chance reader, who would think: "Well enough, - but he is a Czech, 
how can I believe him?" For this reason I will quote an American, Prof. 
Will S. Monroe, who says in the preface to his work as follows: 

"If the writer did not picture the acclimatized foreigners in brilliant 
colors, it is for the reason that he did not see in the Bohemian Germans 
dignified representatives of their race. The author spent two years as 
a \iniversity student in Germany and has only the friendliest feelings for 
the Germans and for the German empire. But he feels compelled to admit 
that the Bohemian Germans form only a not very likable offshoot of the 
German race," That may suffice. Professor I&nroe spent many months in 
Bohemia, he knows the trutli: the Czechs, who are the primeval inhabitants 
of Bohemia are fighting only for equal rights with the German minority, /^ 







I C - 10 - . BOHSI.XAIT 

I C (German) 

II B E d (1) Dennl Elasatel . Jan. 2, 1911. 

I A 1 a 

III H There are seventy-two per cent Czechs in the country, twenty- 
17 three per cent Gennans, five per cent Jews. There is no more 

serious error possible than when Mr. Curtis writes that the 
Czechs hold the control of their political affairs completely in their 
hands, and that the Imperial power is felt in foreign affairs, in tariff- 
policy and matter of military natxire solely. This is a misunderstanding. 
In these three spheres the unity of the Austro-Hungarian duali^monarchy 
becomes evident; they do not, by any means, constitute a link between the 
Czechs and Austria. The centralized parliament in Vienna is, as a result 
of the Austrian system governing elections, composed into such shape that 
the Czechs cannot expect from it anything like justice; the provincial 
parliament of Bohemia is almost merely a joke; the Imperial government 
is more or less inimical towards the Czechs. The best illustration of the 
conditions in Austria is furnished by the fall of Badeni. This prime 
minister issued an edict in the beginning of the year 1897 according to 
which every Austrian government official who wants employment in Bohemia 
must, from a fixed date, demonstrate a certain knowledge of both the Czech 




I_^ - 11 - BOHSI^TIAN 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1911, 
I A 1 a 

III H and the German languages. This meant merely equal rights, 

IV although the ratio between the Czechs and the Germans is 
72 to 23. Nevertheless, the order evoked violent reaction 

from the Germans in the parliament in Vienna, and caused the fall of the 
cabinet of Count Badeni in the autumn of 1897. The order vreis then 
rescinded, and when the Czechs were not willing to patiently "suffer the 
provoking demonstrations by the German students in Prague, the government 
punished - not the Germans, but the Czechsl Prague was placed under 
martial law Count Luetzow wrote in the closing pages of his book Bohemia « 
the following words on the present premier. Baron Bienerth: "The attitude 
of the present president of the Austrian cabinet is more antagonistic 
towards the Czechs than that of any one of his predecessors." Even 
though the Bienerth cabinet is defunct today there is no hope for the 
Czechs to obtain justice and to come into their equal rights, at least 
not in the near future. The Germans, deriving aid and comfort from 
th» German empire, and being pampered by the dynasty of German origin 
feel their own strength, and are troublemakers, ever and again provoking 




o 



I C - 12 - BOHZflLAJJ 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 2, 1911. 
I A 1 a 

III H th© Czechs in their own cotintry. This, then, is the real 

IV truth. 



Mr. Curtis also writes on the exclusively Czech street signs in Prague, 
Weill Prague has ninety per cent Czech inhabitants. Is there any 
injustice in the signs not being in German? There are only ten per 
cent Germans in Prague. New York has, according to the census of 1900, 
a German element amounting to 322,343 souls, V/hy, then, are the street 
signs of New York not in German? 'He have, alas, not only in Bohemia 
more than enoiigh of that German stuff! So, for instance, all of the 
English and American writers use translations for the names of genuine 
Czech towns. Professor Monroe, ;\^o uses Czech designations exclusively, 
writes about this point: "The American and English readers would feel 
on strange gro\and if they were to meet with names like Venedig and 
^!ailand, instead of Venice and Milan, in English books on Italy; and 
for the same reason they ought to rise in protest against Kuttenberg 



>'.?J1 



o 
o 

A 



I 

I C (German) 

II B 2 d (1) 
I A 1 a 

III H 
IV 



- 13 - 



Dennl Hlasatel , Jan, 2, 1911, 



BOHETOAN 



and Wartenberg for Kutna Hora and Sedmihorky in books on 
Bohemia, llr. Curtis also '.vrites about "Altstadt" and 
"Keustadt" in his book on Prague. \Vhy? He admits himself, 
indeed, that Prague is a Czech tovm. He should, therefore, write 
"Stare Mesto" and "Nove Mesto,** or in the English translation "Old ' 
Town" and "ITew Town," 



All of these remarks do not, of course, detract from our esteem for 
l!r, Curtis, whose articles have been heartily welcomed by the Czech 
public. 







BOHEMIAN 
Denni Hlasatel . Nov. 23, 1910. 

< 

THE BOHEMIANS WERE FORGCTTEN. 

p. 1— Yesterday the money collected on the •*big tag-day** was divided among thirty- 
one charitable associations, neunely children's and old people's homes and institu- :g 
tions. > 

Mrs. W. Scott Thurber, president of the Chicago Children's Benefit League, which £J 

sponsored this tag-day, make a public statement of the amount of money collected ^ 

which was $54,324.77. All this money was turned over to institutions to be used £ 

in caring for the poor and the orphan children of Chicago. The largest amount, L> 

$3,137.40 was given to the Chicago Refuge for Girls, and- the smallest amount was c^ 
assigned to the South End Center Day Nursery. 



cr 



Catholic and Protestant organizations received money for the care of their orphans, 
and the Norwegian Orphanage also received a share; but the Bohemian Orphanage was 
coiqpletely forgotten!' The committee had no knowledge of the Bohemian Orphanage, 
and therefore it received nothing* 




- 2 • BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel, Nov. 23, 1910. 



T«t the Bohemians contributed their share on this tag-day; but for all the help 
and the support which they accorded to make it a magnificent success they reaped 
no rewaz*d« 



o 

• 



I C B0H2MIAN 

III H 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 21, I9IO. 

BOHEMIANS DE.IAKD RZCOGiaTION IK CENSUS 



-t3 



CD 
IN3 



P.l — A moment has arrived, v/hen all the Slavonic nationalities in the ^ 

United States have to join in a firm protest, rise in unity and without § 
delay, in order to thwart the plan of the U. S. Census Bureau which aims 
in obliterating their names from the list of acknowledged nations, and in 
subordinating them to the countries of their respective emhglgration. The er 
census which is to be taken in April this year is not to recognize any Bo- 
hemians, Poles, Slovenians, Slovaks or Croatians but to recognize only 
Austrians, Germans, Hungarians etc. These plans v/ere not revealed until 
Saturday night, during a discussion by Mr. Hotchkins, director of the first 
census — district of the State of Illinois, and which have been approved 
by the congress. Strangle to say, nobody has called our attention to this 
fact as yet. We hope, however, there is sufficient time left to effectu- 
ate a change. It is not known upon whose suggestion congress acted when 
it decided not to include above names into census as has teen done on form- 
er occasions. It appears that influence has been exerted by diplomatic 
circles of Germany and Austria-Hungary, and possibly also by the Jews, 






I C -2- BOHEMIAN 
— _ ^ 

Dennl Hlasatel t Feb. 21, I9IO. 

who do not want to see their L'osaic religion identified with nationality, 
desiring to be recorded as belonging to the country from which they came. 
But it was easy to comply with the wishes of the Jews, without at the Oi 
same time touching on the sensibilities of the other nationalities. ^ 

It is to be noted that the Irish shall be carried in the census as an o 
independent nation although they do not use their own language, but the ^ 
language of the English. The Bohemians lost their independence much later ^ 
than the Irish, They had been promised the crowning of the emperor of 
Austria as Bohemian king, though their hopes have so far not materialized. 
The Poles have decided already to file a vigorous protest for their protec- 
tion through the Polish National Alliance, and the Bohemians shall certain- 
ly not stand bacl<. Congressman Sabath will have ample opportunity to in- 
form congress of the struggle the Bohemians lead for the existence of their 
nation, the perpetuation of their glorious history, and of the pronounced 
repulsion they sense against being called Austrians. The differentiation 
as approved by Congress for the census has no political meaning and no 
scientific significance either. 



«,'' 



I C BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 10, 1910.' 

I F 6 

I 3 EDITOR'S C015I.ENTS ON CURRENT NEV/S. . •• 

p. 4. -Only one man ever lost his popularity quicker and more thoroughly than ^ 
Uncle Joe Cannon, and that man is Dr. Cook. ^ 

A dispatch from New York reports that a child there can play the piano in its <^ 

sleep. We are sorry for the neighbors. 5o 

o 

• 

Few suffragettes rise early because they have so much to do, and few go to bed ^ 
early because they have so little. .!S 

According to city engineer Ericeon the city made a bad bargain when it bought 
the Rogers Park water works. But it is hard to believe that some one did not 
profit by the deal. 

A law against the sale of liquor has been proposed in Congress. A law against 
the sale of privilege would do more good. 



-o 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (l) 

Denni Hlasatel t Feb. 10, 1910. 

One of our profeggorg asserts that the American people can be civilized only 

by music. If the professor refers to the phonograph, we had better remain "Zi. 

barbarians • ^ r- 

-o 

Emma Goldmann has suddenly become a parlor anarchist, and high-toned women of o 

the so-called better class are thrilled to think that they may now applaud ^ 

this onee-dreaded female and play a little at anarchism themselves, ^ 



I C BCHEIZIAH. 

II D 1 ■ . 
II D 2 Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 8, 1°10. 

II A 2 

III B 2 BCHa:iAlJS SSCELS FRCLI NORTH AlERIC^N UITIOK 

p. 1— There are still som«^ people in America who think that they are at lib- 
erty to take a fling at the Bohemians v/henever they choose to do^o. Yes, 
there are some who believe that Bohemians are an inferior race, to be look- 
ed down upon and scorned, and not qualified to resent the v/orst insults 
that are flung into their faces. Cnly ignorant persons, it is true, enter- 
tain such opinions, persons of limited horizon and narrow views who either 
have never taken tue pains to know us or else, knowing us, are too stupid 
to learn from us for their ovm good. 

And it is equally true that there are many educated American imbeciles who 
have never taken the trouble to inform themselves about the qualities of 
other races but are arrogant enough, in their ignorance, to cast slurs upon 
them. One of these educated persons — for a physician certainly should be 
ranked a;aong the educated — calls Bohemians "undesirables." Now if such an 
insult had been offered to us by some Irish hoodlum, we should ignore it, 
considering that vie could expect nothing else from one of that type. V.Tien 
however, such an attack is made by a man vmo pretends to be a person of cul- 





I C - 2 - BCHSMiM 

II D 1 

II D 2 Denni Klasatel , Feb. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

ture, and when the insult is even placed on record in a publication, v/e deem 
it to be our duty to protest most vigorously and to demand redrees. 

It is well knoY/n to our readers and to the Bohemian public in general that 
another attack of this kind recently occured. In the North American Uniont 
the organ of an association numbering amon^ its members twelve hundred Bo- 
hemians in Chicago alone, a vulgar and malicious- insult was hurled against 
us. 

The chief physician of that association, a certain Dr. A. H. Brumback, or 
v/hatever the name of the savant may be, wrote in his report that people who 
live in dirt and filth cannot be considered desirable members of the associ- 
ation. Ke does not explicitly mention Bohemians, but immediately thereafter 
he expresses his disapproval of the admission of Bohemians as members because* 
so he says, they have the highest mortality rate among racial groups. Thus 
he reveals distinctly whom he had in mind when he spoke of people who live 
in dirt and filth. 




I C - 3 - B0H5MI/K .^ 

II D 1 

II D 2 Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

But we are very much gratified to hear that the Bohemians in the Union have 
demanded redress and after failing to obtain it have decided to demonstrate 
in an energetic and emph&tic manner to the gentleman above mentioned that 
they will never allow any Brumback, chief physician or not, to throw mud at 
a race which not only can hold its ovm against his nation but excels it in 
many respects. 

Plzen (rilsen) and Cesky Lev (Bohemian Lion) orders of the IJorth American 
Union in joint action demanded of the supreme council a public declaration 
disavowing Dr. Brumback 's derogatory remarks and further stating that Bo- 
hemians are considered equal to members of the Union of other racial origin. 

And what was the response received by the grievance committee? The supreme 
council delegated its chairman to direct a letter to the Bohemian orders 
in which it declares itself to be in accord with Dr. Brumback 's article, 
contending that it implied no insult. Cn top of this the chairman of the 
supreme council in a separate letter to the Bohemian orders reprimanded 
them for not being an asset to the Union, inasmuch as the dues paid by them 



fc 



1_C -4- BCHSMIAl/ ^" p.-o 

II D 1 ^-^ "•'^■^ 

II D 2 Dennl Klasatel , Feb. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

did not cover the expenditures entailed by the mortality amonp Bohemian mem- 
bers. 

In consequence of this treatment the Plzen order, in a meeting held on Jan- 
uary 23 in the Bohemian-American Hall, resolved to secede from the ijorth 
American Union. Besides these insults there were other motives which promp- 
ted the Bohemians to sever the ties v/hich bound them to the supreme order 
of the Union. Difficulties had developed rej arding payment of death poli- 
cies for several brethren and also regarding some special by-laws which re- 
strict the occupations of members. 

In spite of full information about the movement in progress to sever connec- 
tions the supreme council did not make the slightest effort to prevent the 
separation, thus precipitatin; the break and evoking feelings which led to 
another gathering. This meeting v.as called by T'essrs. Marsik and Bernard 
in Krizek's Hall at Koman Avenue and Tv/enty-fifth Street. 

The Bohemian organizers of this meeting informed the assembly that the su- 



I C - 5 - BOHSLIIALr --^ 

II D 2 Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 8, I9IO. lo ''•'^•'^- -^ ' 
II A 2 . V-cy ^' 

preme council had called it and had promised to be represented by some of- 
ficers. . These officers preferred to stay at home and did so with one ex- 
ception, a certain Mr. Hinckley, assistant to the general manager. 

The meeting was a very stormy one. After several speeches in v/hich members 
gave vent to their opinions of the injustice done to the Eohemis^ns the chair- 
man called on Mr. Hinckley for an e:q)lanation of the supreme council's atti- 
tude. But Mr. Hinckley did not take the cue. Instead, he told the assembly 
in plain words that those who v/ished to remain in th'3 "nion mi^ht do so pro- 
vided that they continued to pay their dues, and he also took care to pro- 
tect the physician, v/ho, said Hinckley, had had no intention of insulting 
the Bohemians when he wrote about dirt. 

Thereupon Mr. Basta exposed Hinckley by putting to him the blunt question 
as to whether he knew hov/ much the plzen order had paid to the supreme coun- 
cil, and hov/ much benefit it had derived in return. ?Jr. Hinckley replied 
that he could not answer this question without his records, which v/ere in 
his office and could be consulted there. He persisted, however, in his con- 




I C - 6 - 

II D 1 

II D 2 Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 8, 1910. 

II A 2 

tention that the Bohemians are a liability to the Union because they draw 
out more than they pay in. However, I.'r. Basta thereupon proved to him by 
figures that the Plzen order has paid in $13*000 more than it has withdrawn 
in benefits. 

Thereafter Mr. Holub read the passage from Dr. Brumtack's article vrhich had 
offended the Bohemian members, and which had been endorsed by the subsequent 
letter from the chairman of the supreme council. 

Mr. Holub then gave a description of Dr. BruT;back'£ person as depicted for 
him by a lodge brother. He who wished to knov/ Dr. Brumback, said he, should 
stop at a certain Italian restaurant on V'ood fttreet between the hours of five 
and six, where one may see that £:entleman indulging in v/hiskey, often to such 
an extent that he has to execute with hands and feet a normally two-legged 
motion. 

"And such a fellov/ has the cheek to chide us! Shame on him!" 




I C - 7 - 

II D 1 

II D "2 Denni Hlasatel ^ Pet. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

Mr. Hinckley remarked that a libel suit should have been filed against Dr. 
Brumback in this case. 

Mr. Basta further asked Hinckley whether he remembered a neetin£' of the su- 
preme council in v/hich the officers of the Bohemian orders had been called 
"gral'ters." Hinckley could not remember it, but Mr. Chadraba, v.'ho had at- 
tended the meeting, declared that he had heard this expression uttered by 
a certain McLanghenry. Then "r. Basta pointedly asked ::r, I'arsik, who had 
also been present at this meeting of the supreme council, whether or not he 
too had heard the insulting remark made by McLanghenry, 

"No, I did not hear the remark, " replied !.'r. l!arsik. 

"I expected such an answer," retorted L!r. Basta. Ke then demanded to be 
informed by Hinckley v/hy the present meeting had "seen called by the supreme 
council against the v/ill of the officers and principally at the instigation 
of certain men of whom one had not attended a meeting for tv/o years, und 
another had not attended for four years. 



I C - 8 - BOHSIvlIAN 

II D 1 • 

II D 2 Denni Illasatel , Fet. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

Hinckley refused to £ive any further explanations and restricted himself to 
the simple statement that he had come only to define the attitude of the su- 
preme council toward the Bohemians, reiterating, that those v/ho v/ished to 
remain members of the supreme order nirht do so. But he also informed the 
Bohemians, that the supreme council had obtained an order from the Fuperior 
Court enjoining the officers of the Bohemian orders from consulting the books 
and records of the Union except under the direction of the Court. Me himself 
had nothing to do vdth the affair, said he; on the contrary, he considered 
Bohemians desirable members, some of them even excellent members. 

Mr. Basta took the floor a^ain, reviewing the grievances of the Bohemians 
and calling attention to the humiliation which Bohemians would suffer if 
they continued to pay dues thirty-three per cent higher than those paid by 
members of other racial descent. Re also mentioned the limitations to free- 
dom of action imposed by the restrictions of the by-laws, which prohibit 
members from following a lar e number of trades and occupations, 

Mr. Bolek interrogated Hinckley about the fact that the supreme council 




I C . ^ . - 9 - B0H5MI 

II D 1 

II D 2 Dennl Illasatel . Feb. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

had called a meeting and had then failed to be represented in it instead 
of delegating its chief officers to be present and give the enlightenment 
demanded in regard to the council's attitude. Finally, Mr. Basta declared 
it to be impossiole, for any Bohemian to remain in an organization vmich 
dealt to Bohemians nothing but rebuffs and raw insults. 

"Are you with us, brethren? '"ill you permit your officers, who have de- 
fended your material interests and the honor of your Bohemian name, to be 
excluded': If you see the necessity of secession, then demonstrate your 
consent by rising from your seats!" 

Almost all present rose. 

"Yes," members shouted, "we are with youl Let us sever all connection!" 

"Now all those who are not with us are Judases and have betrayed us!" 
shouted Mr. Basta, and the assembly ansv/ered v/ith cries that resounded 
through the hall like peals of thunderi 





I C - 10 - 30HSMI 

II D 1 

II D 2 Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 8, I9IO. 

II A 2 

"Judases, Judases, that's what they arel" 

Mr. Marsik tried to make himself heard above the tumult and tfre shouting: 
"Just wait, we'll shovr youl" 

"Be quietl" Members shouted in reply, adding other exclaniations still less 
flatt erring. , 

Mr. Basta demanded that Hinckley promise to. recommend the exclusion of Marsik 
from the supreme council on the ground that he had formerly been employed 
as a bartender, Hinckley promised to consider the demand. Peeling vras run- 
ning high, and the chairman pronounced the meeting closed. 

The separation of the Plzen order from the North American Union is now com- 
plete. The Bohemians have given the proper reply to the insults heaped up- 
on them. And for this they merit our respect. 



I c 




Denni Hi as at el , Pet. 3, I9IO. 

G0Vi2lll0R AND SDITCR DIFFER CN DIST 

p. 4 — Some good advice on how to defeat the high cost of living comes to us 
from Governor Hadley of L^issouri. That gentleman suggests raising cov/s and 
chickens, as he himself is doing, to eliminate the necessity of buying meat, 

V/hile v/e dutifully acknowledge the suggestion' given by this official, we 
offer for the sake of completeness an additional idea. Vi^e believe that to 
keep body and soul together a diet of Bohemian pheasant, Strassburg pates 
de foies gras, and Russian caviar would suffice. 




I C BOHEailAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 7, 1909, 

AITITDDE OF GERMANS TOWAIS) BGHEMIANS 

p. 4— A few days ago we called the attention of our readers to a letter which ^ 

was sent to the local Geiman newspaper, the Abendpost In defense of Bohemians. ? 

The author is Mr. Anton Uartinovsky, 897 South Ashland avenue. The German paper ^ 

published the letter but immediately afterwards printed a goodly number of r; 

eoiiiBunications from Germans who vilified the Bohemian writer emd Bohemians in -o 

general. This was not enou^. Certain obscene expressions incorporated in o 

some of the letters were omitted by the Abendpost , and so the writers turned on co 

Mr. MartinoYsky with private letters containing the most insulting remarks, ^ 

signing their full names emd addresses, thus giving Mr. Martinovsky the evidence '-^ 
necessary for a libel suit if he had not preferred to keep aloof from such action. 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 7, 1909. 

Bat it is gratifying to find that not all Germans are insane enough to foster 
such hatred against us, for some of them eren wrote letters to Ur. Uartino^sky 
in which they commended his attitude* One of these, signed John Fried, 1043 ^ 
North Central Avenue, Austin, Illinois contains the following passage: **I .^ 
admire a man irtxo has the courage to stand up against the fanatical idolaters p 
of Kaiser Wilhelm. He vrtio desires to write about you Bohemians or about other t^ 
nations must first be sufficiently well versed in his subject* I myself lired g 
in Prague almost four years, and I learned a little of the language. I am ^ 
convinced that all the disturbances in that city are provoked by the riotous ^ 
behevior of the Oexnans. The German students ought to know that the Bohemian ^i 
people have for many years been tcdcen advantage of by the Germans, and that an 
unjust government has supplied the finishing touches. "The remainder of the 
letter proves the writer to be well informed. 



I G BOHEMIAK 
III B 1 

II E 3 Dennl Hlasatel , June 28, I905. 
I H 

ABOLISH THE DEATH PEKALTY! S 

p. 4 — In no other part of the world is so much said or so much printed about ^ 

executions, as in this country of ours, v/hich we flatter ourselves by call- ^ 

ing the most, progressive and the best civilized on earth. Our newspapers ^ 

print daily reports of executions. If the accused be a colored man, and 

the crime an ordinary murder, only brief mention is made of the occurence. ^ 

If, hov/ever, the condemned man belongs to that class of criminals whose mis- *** 
deeds create a sensation on account of peculiar circumstances, whole columns 
are devoted to the story for the "education" of the public. Readers must be 
informed about the details of crime, about the trial, about the startling 
points in the testimony, and about all the practical and unpractical juris- 
tic motions made by the defense to save the defendant's life. Mo one be- 
lieves that such reading elevates the morals or promotes the perfection of 
mankind. 

All this would be different if our law did not cling to an ancient medieval 
rule: "An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a life for a life." 



I__C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 1 

II E 3 Dennl Hi a sat el > June 28, I905. 

I H 

t 

Science has so far tried in vain to demonstrate to legislators by pointing 
out the congenital defects of the human mind and the influence of environ- 
ment and circumstance how little man is responsible for what he is and does. 
Capital punishment, in most of our States, is apparently here to stay. Jn 
some States, truly enough, it has been abolished; for example, in the neigh- ^ 
boring State of Wisconsin. But the States where the rule of Moses, "An eye 
for an eye" does not prevail are still very few. 



But there are other considerations, not of a scientific nature, which ought 
to be taken into account. "Tie have read an article in a certain paper print- 
ed in English the gist of which v/e wish to communicate to our readers. 

"One of the consequences of the legalization of the death penalty, says this 
article, is the excitement created by the publicatior. of details which might 
better be kept from the public. Even people with mature minds do not derive 
any benefit from such reports of the struggle for existence, whereas persons 
of hysterical tendencies and those v/ho are afflicted with a morbid predilec- 
tion for sensational stories are weakened thereby both morally and mentally. 



-a 



-T3 



O 

§ 



I C - 3 - B0H3MIAN 
III B 1 

II E; 3 Denni Pllasatel , June 28, 1905 . 
I H 

"In the States v/hich have abolished the death penalty those v/ho read the 5 
accounts of murder trials are not wrought to so hi£h a pitch of excitement. Oi 
V/hen the trial is over, sjid the verdict has "been found, the interest ceases, r^ 
Vrtiatever is undertaken thereafter to obtain a new trial, on appeal, or a no 
pardon fails to attract the attention of either the public or the press. o 
The contention that capital punishnent has a deterrent effect upon people i^ 
who would otherwise be tempted to commit murder v/as refuted years ago by i^ 
criminologists of the first rank. There have been times in which the ax, 
the rope, fire, or the sword v.as used to mete out punishment for crimes 
much less grave than murder; it was supposed that men would be deterred 
by the fear of punisloment from committing such crimes. 

In our day the most progressive of our States have discarded medieval crim- 
inal laws and abolished capital punishment." 



oi 



I 


c 






i 


I 


D 


2 


a 


(4) 


I 


E 










Dennl Hlasatel , June 20, I905. 
EDITOR LASHES ANTI -LABOR PRESS 

• 

p. 4 — In the present strike the American press has almost v/ithout exception 
taken an attitude favorable to the employers; it prints colored and garbled 
news in order to incite the public against the strikers and ur£;es the people 
to deny their support. It is obviously necessary in such times as these 
for the laboring classes to establish an organ, printed in English, which 
will acquaint the public with the real state of affairs. It is clear that 
the union men vrould have to set up a vigorous agitation for this organ and 
become subscribers themselves. This would be the answer to the attacks, 
open or cover-b, direct or insidious, launched against labor organizations 
by the capitalistic press. 



I C BOHS]JIAN/ ■'^ 

II E 3 




Denni Hlasatel » June 2, I905. 

BCHSMIAN DISTRICT lUVi^DED BY HOODLUMS 

P.l— The behavior of the pocket-picking, riffraff which traverses our pilsen 
district on street-cars is growing more daring and more shameless by leaps 
and bounds. The day before yesterday our countryman Bedrich Holy, 172 Thir- 
teenth Street was riding on the platform of a car. Suddenly a few boys, 
strangers, set upon him, beating him and going through his pockets. After ■ 
they had got his small change, which luckily v/as not much, they threw him 
from the car. 

Mr. Holy will carry the memento of this adventure for a lont time. It seems 
strange that the employees of the street-car company did not try to protect 
the victim. 



I c 

II B 1 c (3) 

II B 3 

III S 
III B 2 
IV 



BOHZMIAK 



Dennl Hlasatel . May 7t 1905. 

SOKOL POLICE? 

The American Press shows what conception it has of our Sokols 

Brazen insult to Bohemian Organizations 

P.l — The Chicago American issued a special evening edition yesterday in 
which it stated that thirteen thousand German Turners and Czech Sokols 
have offered their services to Mayor Dunne for the maintenance of order 
in Chicago, or in other words for the protection of l^fegro strike-hreakers 
imported by unscrupulous employers to take the places of honorable citi- 
zens who provide for their families. 

We do not know where the American obtained this information. It also men- 
tions the name of a distinguished German, who, it alleges, represents ten 
thousand Turners, and the name of Karel j. Vopicka, who is said to speak 
for three thousand Sokols, Hov^ever, we know of no one who could place him- 
self at the head of our Sokols and speak for them on so important a matter. 
Such a gesture does not conform to Sokol principles, and we hope that the 
Sokols will defend themselves against this outrage. 




I C BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

II B 3 Denni Hlasatel , !-!ay 7. 1905. 

III S 

III B 2 SOKOL POLICS? 

IV 

""' ~ The American Press shows v/hat conception it has of our Sokols 

Brazen insult to Bohemian Organizations 

P.l--The Chicago American issued a special evening edition yesterday in 
which it stated that thirteen thousand German Turners and Czech Sokols 
-^have offered their services to Mayor Dunne for the maintenance of order 
in Chicago, or in other words for the protection of Ijegro strike-breakers 
imported by unscrupulous employers to take the places of honorable citi- 
zens who provide for their families. 

We do not knov; where the American obtained this information. It also men- 
tions the name of a distinguished German, v/ho, it alleges, represents ten 
thousand Turners, and the name of Karel j. Vopicka, who is said to speak 
for three thousand Sokols. However, we know of no one who could place him- 
self at the head of our Sokols and speak for them on so important a matter. 
Such a gesture does not conform to Sokol principles, and we hope that the 
Sokols will defend themselves against this outrage. 




I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

II B 3 Dennl Hlasatel , I.!ay 7. 1905. 

III E . 

Mr. Karel J. Vopicka, whom the American mentions as the author of the re- 
port, informs us that he is hot responsible for the statement or the report 
in the American , and that he recognizes the Sokols as independent citizens, 
capable of determining their own activities. Ee absolutely did not speak 
with any one about the matter, and his name was used without authority. 
The idea was conceived by the American's representatives in their contem- 
plation of Sunday's celebration. They were pleased by the stalwart appear- 
ance of the lads and thought what excellent protection they would be. They 
inserted only a few lines about the celebration at that time, but now, when 
it is a matter of casting reflections on our pov/erful organization, they 
are not spariiag v/ith their space and use lies to create sensations. *V/hy 
does not this paper pick the clubs of decrepit American dudes as the tar- 
gets for it's v;retched activity? Guarding their fathers' wagons and serv- 
ing the felonious Ile^ro gangs v/ould become them much better. 




BOHEMIAN 
Denni HLaaatel , Mar* 19, 190S* 

Bohemians on st, fairick*s lug^ 




P.4 - This year, as in other years, our patriotic youth took it upon themselves 
to decorate tiieir breasts with green ribbons, shamrocks, and other symbols, of 
the Irish people on the occasion of St. Patrick's Day. Although in most cases 
it was done in a Jocular manner, neyertheless it was a sad manifestation. None 
of us should make sport of the struggle of the Irish, of the patriotic feelings 
of the Irish, or their loye for their mother-country, but we should take them 
as an exano^le for ourselves. But to decorate ourself with Irish emblems, to 
Bake it appear that one comes from the Emerald Isle is foolishness and nonsense. 
Our Bohemian nation with its culture, its maturity and history surpasses by 
far the Irish nation; and our children, American born perhaps, have no reason 
to be asnamed of their Bohemian origin and to try to pass themselves off as 
Irish. 




BOHEMIAN 
DcpBJ Hlaeatel , liar* 13, 1905* 

/pUlL SHOPS GROWTQSD CXJT B7 BIG BUSINES^ 



P.4 - The large tailoring establishments in the down-town section want to swallow ^ 
all smaller employers. These oust think of means whereby they can save themselves^z 
What would they say to the suggest! on, that they should themselves organize big ^^ 
business and big factories, which vrould compete with the Jews who up to now have ?d 
profited on an now want to ruin our tailors. We must have a little enterprise and !— 
courage if we wish to keep up with others here in America. If Jews can become ^ 
millionaires through the clothing industry, why could not Bohemians at least make ^ 
a decent living therefrom, since for the most part it is Bohemian labor, through 
which the Jews become wealthy. If an individual is insufficient to accomplish this, 
why don't several Join together, or a whole group? As has already been said, our 
tailors very existence is involved and they must act. Bohemian workingmen and 
businessmen surely would support them in their struggle for existence and no doubt . 
many customers would be found among other nationalities for the expert workmanship 
of Bohemians. 

Why should we Bohemians continuously work only for others, why not work for 
ourselves sometimes? 



' »• 



\ 




I 

I Al b . ' BOHEMIAN 

I » 3 I . 

17 

IT B 2 d (l)(0««a») 

H B 8 d (l)(7«ivi«li) Svornost, May 13, 1900. 

,j ■■■ 

WHAT THE "BOHEMIAN" MR. LOEFFL^. IS PROMISING TO THE GEF.i.lAITS. , 

(Iditorial) 
The Bohemian member of the Board of Education, Mr, Kristian R. Walleck, 
created a big stir sunong the Germans in Chicago when he entered a motion, 
during the last year, to introduce Bohemian and other foreign languages 
into the schools visited by fifty percent of foreign pupils. Nevertheless 
the Bohemians ajid other nationalities were thankful for it. 

Now, while this motion is under deliberation and Mr. Walleck endeavors very 
zealously to pass it fnrough, decreasing even the percentage of foreign 
pupils to thirty percent, his work is really so much more meritorious. All 
Bohemian societies have acknowledged his activity and at the meeting of May 
11th, the presidixim of the club "Lipeny" No. 199 made a resolution to 
express to Mr. Walleck a strong public approval for his efforts with the 
Board of Education to introduce the Bohemian language in the school program. 

As we have known Mr. Walleck for a long time, we believe fnat his efforts 
are honest; his intentions are generous and all his endeavors in this direc- 
tion are real and actual. It is really surprising that there is somebody 



-. 2 - BOHEMIM 



Svornost , May 13, 1900. 

whose desire is to hurt this good yiork, secretly or publicly; somebody who 
generally is respecter" as good Bohemian too, and who proclaims himself as a 
Bohemian, especially always before the election period. This person is a 
well-known Democratic boss, a magnate (bashaw) of the 8th ward, Mr. William 
.Loeffler. As long as he was active in the smaller political affairs the 
Bohemians w"re s\ifficient for hin but since he started to climb the politi- 
cal ladder higher and higher, he found it. advant^^geous for himself to look 
for cooperation and support to his friends of the same religion, and the 
Hebrew press recommended him exclusively as a representative of the Jews. 

The political activity of Mr. Loeffler is not ended yet. It is said he 
hopes to receive a nomination for State Auditor or something similar. In 
this case he would be in need, not only of Eohemiajis but of Jews and G-ermans 
too, who ere very strong in nxamber but are not satisfied with the project 
of Mr. Walleck's; that's why Mr. Loeffler is against Mr. Walleck's motion 
and assures the Germans that he is disappointed, but not responsible for 
Mr. Walleck's behavior. 




- 3 - BOHmilAN 



Svornost, May 13, 1900, 

The local German daily, Freie Presse , which on every occasion condemns the 
European and local Bohemians, is depending totally on Mr, Loeffler, who as 
a political hoss can easily forbid Mr, ^alleck to agitate for the Bohemian 
language in the puTjlic schools. It published, yesterday, an interesting 
editorial note in wnich you can read a paragraph: 

"The City Clerk, Mr. Wm. Loeffler, who considers the nominated Mr. Walleck 
suitable to the position of a member of the Board of Education, announces 
that the said Mr, Walleck, proposing the teaching in the schools of Bohe- 
mian, Polish, Swedish, and other langxoages, acted of his own accord. It 
is apparent that this proposal is simply a covert attack against the German 
nation. According to Mr, Loeffler 's statement, Mr, Walleck will keep his 
mouth shut in the fut\ire and his project will be buried forever," 

In spite of it fnat Mr, Loeffler promised to the Freie Press to attend to 

it "that Mr. Walleck keeps his mouth shut," we are sure that he possesses 
enough courage and esteem for personal liberty and good achievements not 




- 4 - 



BOHEIHAN 



Svornost . May 13, 1900. 

to subject himself to the authority of the political boss of the 8th ward. 

The Bohemians and other nationalities are with him and conscious of their 
cooperation given to Mr. Walleck by each step leading to the realization of 
his motion. Our cotintrymen should remember what Mr. Loeffler knows and how 
he washes his hands in the presence of the Germans, "that he is not responsi- 
"ble for Mr. Walleck's deeds." 

We doubt that Mr. Loeffler would act this way were he in his heart a sincere 
Bohemian; his present general benavior proves that he is not a Bohemian at all 
but he needs them merely for his own purposes. He considers, evidently, the 
Bohemians as a herd of sheep not worthy of receiving any attention, in compari- 
son with the Germans, stronger in number and more significant in state poll- 
tics. 

It would "be very desirable if Walleck's motion would pass and we are full of 
hope that Mr. Walleck will do everything possible in this direction. In case 
it would fail, the Bohemians, the Poles, and other nationalities will know 




a 



- 5 - 



BOHEMIAN 



Svornost, May 13, 1900. 

exactly from what direction the wind blows and that a great Slav and Bohemian, 
Mr. Billy Loeffler, supported the blowing, together with the Germans. Mr. 
Loeffler should be aware that he attained his sunny political place only by 
Bohemian cooperation. 




II B 2 d (1) Illinois Staats - Zeltung , Vjblt, 26, 1900, 

I G 

THE BOHEKLANS CQUPA?J: THSLSSLVES TO IHIE BOERS. 

Several hundred of Ohicap;o»s citizens of Bohemian extraction gathered at the- 
Pilsen Turner Hall 3resterday to express their proHBowp sjnnpathies, Mr» 
John Habenicht, the chairman of the meetini^, compared the fate of the Boers 
to that of the Bohemians. He said, that Britain is trying to enslave the Boer 
nation just as the Germans are doing with Bohemia. He asked for intervention s 
by our Federal Government in the war in South Africa, To this proposal the 5 

meeting responded with loud applause. I.'!r. Frank Cesvacek, publisher of the <^ 

newspaper Spravedenost , and .Gillian Kronziker of the Svornost delivered speech- r^ 
es to the sane effect. Ilr. William Naseman of the Onze Tbekoiaa-t thanked the -c 

Bohemians in the name of the Dutch for their expression of sympathy for this o 

South African nation. - The following resolution was then read and passed: i,, 

"This assembly thus expresses its syinpathy and its deep admiration for the S 

courageous Boer nation which is fi«5hting to defend its independence. We, the *'" 
descendants of a glorious nation which has for centuries lived under the yoke, 
sympathize with the Boers, whose only desire is to remain masters of their own 
country. The Bohemians are a peace-loving nation, respecting the rights of 
others. He are, therefore deeply concerned about the so-called enlightened 
tendency of the powerful nations of the earth vrtiich tolerates the absorption 
of smaller nations and the extinction of their native tongues. 



I c -2- BonmuN 

Illinois Staats - Zeitung, Mar, 26, 1900, 

The Peace Conference at l^he Lague, vrtiich was supposed to be an intermediary 

in international disagreements, is a sorry burlesque in the case of the pres-» 

ent conflict, ^ 

Yes, Bohemia's sons fight, too, for their liberty, and will continue to do ?= 

so until the day dawns when they will lift the yoke and be a free nation again# ^ 
la Citizens or this country we appeal to the government of the United States S 

to exercise its influence toward the speedy termination of this horrible war i- 

and to protect a small nation which is so honorably defending its liberty, a 

"^ 




-qoxjT;:'- 



ia:^ 



"" Svornost . J'srch 19, 1900. 

LOCAT. mi-'S - THE Ri:COP.D ON BOHSHIANS. 

The IocpI nerrspaoer. Record' , hfs been Iptely ar^itating very liprd, to gaAn 
new subscribers among our countr^nnen; anc! in orc?er tc attract then more 
easily, it placet on the front ptr-e from time tc time some tasteless and 
senseless event, taken out of public life. It never misses an opportunity 
to molest the Bohemians, and consistently hrs mentioned for the last few 
days, that the Poles and Boherrlans maintain a special school for perjury, 
in T/hich are trainer! witnesses, on ho'v tc give ffilse evidence in the courts, 
hoTT to proceed with raenc'r-cicus complaints arpinst the city for damages, 
Injuries, etc. This kind of scoun^'relism will empower the Poles and Bohemi- 
ans to proceed in courts with complaints for slanc'er against the Pecorn and. 
against ilr, Ryan, the ls7;yer, an.-' ve will have enough proof to bring them 
to the Grand Jury, ^e can't deny th?t it can happen that, here and there, 
some of our people will enter with a less substantial claim, being persuaded 
by his lav/ypr tc dc it; nevertheless it is a disgrace when the P.ecorr 
asserts that the Poles and Bohemians conduct a special "school," where the 
witnesses are instructed how to swear falsely. 

^e are sure that Mr. Pya-n and the reporters, who are on the Pecorrl in close 




— '^ — 

^ »^ "" 



Svorr.o~t. llarch 19, 1900, 



BO?sylTA^^ 




contact with the Bohemians, '70''ald "be able to find anong their ovrn coiintry- 
nen. Irishmen, a greater numher of similar esses than araong the citizens 
of other nationalities. 



} , 1 C ' B0HE3>!IAN 

^ n D 1 * Svornost . Sep. 25, 1899, 

™ ^ HCDICaTATlON l;EETIllb, LIBEL CF BOKST.'IAIIS. 

Volcoun*s malicious circular, as published in t]:e Tribune , Narod , and other 
papers, and ^ich is wholly unfavorableto ovir entire nationality, was an- 
swered by a gigantic indifjnation meeting held by Chicago's liberal-minded 
, Bohemians, 

The meeting was held in tte hall of the Bohemian-A;ierican Liberal School on 
18th St., which is the center of our nationalistic societies. The large 
hall was filled to capacity, both gallerj'- and nain floor. The meeting was 
called to order by our well known countr^rnian Jan Pecha and he was elected 
permanent chairman. The starje was occupied by representatives of various 
Bohemian societies. I^, Peclia explained, in words of great feeling, the 
purpose of the meeting, 

A resolutions committee was appointed to work out resolutions in protest 
against the accusation of Bohemians "by the English press. 







- 2 - BOHSMIAV 



Svomoet , Sep. 26, 1899. 

The followlo^ resolntlons, as worked out by the committee, were read to the 
gathering, and accepted: 

Whereas, the Bohemian people of Chicago and the fraternal benefit societies 
organized among them have foxmd out that the Chicago Tribune, prompted bj 
persons more or less known, accuses us of organising societies professing to 
be atheistic, and accuses us of degeneracy and the practice of suicide en masse 
and indlTldually, and 

Whereas, in a massmeeting, held in the Bdhemian-Americeui Liberal School, 400 
W. 18th street, attended by a large portion of our people, there were presented 
figures, statistics and records, proving that the accusations as published in 
the Tribune are absolutely and unconditionally wrong; and further, it was 
proved by testimony in said meeting that no societies for the practice and 
support of suicide axe, or ever were, in existence among us, and the accusa* 
tion in this respect is false; fturther, we make it clear that our societies 
are not atheistic but that they are fraternal benefit societies having nothing 




- 3 - BOHEMIiH 



Svomoat , Sep. 35, 1899. 

in eoBUDon with beliefs or religion; therefore, be it 

ResolTed, "by us gathered in meeting, that we condemn and damn the degenerate 
and treacherous person, or persons, who gave these false and malicious reports 
to the Chicago Tribune , and be it further 
Resolredf that a cop7 of these resolutions be given to the public press. 





I C BOHEMIAN 

III C 

Svornost , Mar. 29, 1899. 

CHDRCHES ON DECLINE 

It is becoming quite manifest that religions are on the decline, churches are 
remaining empty, the clerical business is unprofitable and that people 
solicitous about the happiness, contentment and morality of their descendants, 
must make preparations to haye their children well educated in the schools, 
to free them of all superstitions in the home, so that they will be able in the 
new century, without the aid of preachers and priests, to live orderly, morally 
and happily. 

A new era is approaching; it will be better than the old; it will be more 
progressive, more cultured and happier, but only for those who free themselves 
of prejudices, superstitions and ecclesiastical bug-bears, and depend upon 
honorable work, honorable thoughts, good will and sincere hearts, who will be 
loyal to truth, liberty and humanity in all their endeavors. 

One such indication of the nearness of the new era frightened the godly Methodists 
on the 27th of Uarch, who, in their prejudiced simpleness believe that only their 
creed redeems mankind, and that without their creed everyone becomes a criminal. 



X c -2- BOHBMIAK 

111 C 

Svomost t March 29, 1899 

jail-bird or gallows prey. The Methodist clergy of the city and environs hold a 
meeting every Monday, to formulate plans as to the "best method of urging subjugation 
of the people to their creed. — 



-o 

3> 



The Methodist Church is face to face with a decision and the coming twentieth 
century brings surprising changes, the question remaining whether for better oi* 
more likely for worse. 

Today whole groups of its members are turning away from the church and joining 

in preference social, scientific, literary and art clubs, and of these none 

ever return to the church. o« 

In vain do preachers poimd the bible while preaching the old dogmas. We must 
find some new source of enthusiasm. In the coming centxxry we must turn about 
or it will be amen for the church. 



o 



IC 

II B 2 d (1) BOHEMIAH 

III C { Svornost . may is, 1896*' 

"^^ ! iff 

I S /BCBBlfZARS NOT IK HED OF 11188101^ 

We expressed our otox Judgement on the ways used. by some local, also Bohemian 
reverends who are hurabuggers and quacks, to make the Bohemian "better acquainted 
with the local Better English classes. The major purpose of their activity 
is only the filling of their own pockets. These people treated the Bohemians ^ 
like i^oramuses, rebels, half cannibal, and tried to persuade them that they ^^ 
are in need of missions and some other means for their conversion* ^ 

Last Saturday, there was an article in a local newspaper, The Inter^Ocean , g 
stating that so long as the Rev, Adams edited the .journal, Pravda , Chicago's !— 
Bohemians were controlled and held on the bridle, but now that the newspaper o 
Pravda is discontinued the local Bohemians are subject to anarchistic ^ 
propaganda and literature. The Inter-Ocean suggests there should be found 
somebody to pity the Rev. Adams, to subsidize him, that he would be able to 
save the Bohemians in Chicago. It seems that Adams has participated in this 
article himself, publishing this shameless lie, and should publish an immediate 
revocation of same. In case he will not do that he can be quite certain that 
we Bohemians in Chicago will look at this article as at a dirty business trick. 



-3- BOHEMIAH 

Svomost, May 13, 1896 



Chicago Bohemians are not anarchists «md ignoramuses and this can be proved 
by the fact that they refused to accept all the trash in this form of 
publications by Chicago's Bohemian reverends, and forced them, in this way, 
to disappear. 



I D 2 a (4) ' 
n B 2 d (1) 
n B 2 d (1) (G«nuai) BOHEMIAN 

fevomost, March 19, 1896. 

LABORER QUESTION 
BOHEMIAN WORZERS AND THE FOREIGN PRESS 

Many times we have had the opportunity to call the attention of OTir 
countrymen to the manner in which the local foreign press, especially 
Geriuan and English, eire using the smallest facts to lower the 
Bohemian immigrant element to a basis below that of the Polish or 
Russian Jew* Our Bohemian immigrauits were depicted as enemies of 
the American regime, ignorant, anarchistlcally inclined and trying 
to overthrow the regular government* 

We should be thankful for this kind of inspiration to the individuals 
who collected money among the American population for educational 
purposes for the local Bohemians* It is impossible to refute such 
calumnies with two or three columns of writing about some prominent 
Bohemian citizen or about some national tindertaking which is published 
in the American news by the country of this or that other person* 



- 2 - 



SvornoBt, March 19, 1896. 

The German Journals^and especially those which reflect the local 
voice of the people, as for instsuice, the Ateadpost a nd others, are 
helping to spread among foreigners the false impression that the 
Bohemian working masses are very lew in every way. At the outbreak 
of the tailors* strike, one of the local german newspapers lamented 
the Bohemian tailor trade and added to it that Bohemia is one of the 
nations that brought poverty to this country. Everybody knows how 
our intelligent tailors tried to keep on the level, to organize the 
workingmen in the tailor business and to agitate for improvement 
of the trade. 




In yesterday's copy of the Record for instance, there appeared a 

news story entitled, "Bohemians are Fighting With Bohemians. A Pew 

Shots T7ere Pired And The Pitting Was So Violent That Police Prom 

Three Stations Were Called*" The local press spreads this kind of 

information with pleasure* Among American readers, we have collected 

the details on the above item in the Record. There was a little 

fist fi^t between two Bohemians. We hope our readers, friends of 

the Bohemian population, will pay no attention to this kind of wrong 
•* —■*'-— — *■•' — 



- 3 - BOHEMIAN 

Svornost, March 19, 1896 

The local Bohemiaui workingmen know very well that the Bohemian 
commimity and press sympathize with them. They will carefully watch 
themselves so that nothing may happen, which would give the Snglish 
newspapers a chance to write stories again, dishonoring oiir honest 
workingmen* Endurance, self-esteem, general moderation and re- 
putation will elevate the Bohemian workers and place them on the 
high level with others. 





. ^ • BOHEMIAN 

I C 

m I Z (6«naA) ST0«05t. Iby ». 1898. 

/jiSHANIZINO OP BQHOOAI^ 

Although it is not the real "Prussian Schulverein" which exists within Chi- 
cago, it is a variety, a society organized more than half a year ago for the 
purpose of having Prussian and Aixstrian-Germans, in Bohemia and outside of 
Bohemia, support both materially and morally in the Germ6.nization of every- 
thing which is not German. It is a society of immigrant Austrians, or in other 
words an "Austrian Society," which really issued the proclamation for the "Ger- 
mans" to quickly and plentifully collect two-dollar contributions, because in 
Bohemia, "oppressed" countrymen are in need of a great deal of money and a 
great deal of encouragement to carry on the work with which the entire "Ger- 
manic Culture" is so concerned., 

So that our countrymen will know from the groxind up what this famous 
"Schulverein" really is, we say fnat the task of this refined society is to 
force themselves boldly into Bohemian cities; to denationalize Bohemian 
children; as for instance, turn the children away from their mother "tongue; 
encotirage in them a hatred toward it, and everything which carries the name 
Bohemian; to teach them to deny their native origin; to deny the language of 
their mother and father. In this manner the children are- to be brought up 



- 2 - BOHEMIAN 




Svornost, May 30, 1882. 

as traitors to their own nationality and join the ranks of the greatest 
enemies of the Bohemian people. The Bohemian child who enters the "German 
Schulverein" school will not and cannot learn. Everything is explained to 
him simply In the German tongue, about which the child has not the slightest 
idea; he doesn't \mderstand a word and therefore cannot do well. The result 
of the teaching is that the child knows neither Bohemian nor German. Formerly 
we had no "Schulverein" and we learned German, For Bohemians to learn, for 
their own use and not for the convenience of the Germans, so much German as 
is necessary is their own affair - and let the Germans worry about again 
learning Bohemian. It is known that the Central Alma Mater in Bohemia and 
Moravia is working ardently in opposition to the "Schulverein," The influ- 
ence of this genuine Bohemian patriotic society is a thorn in the eyes of the 
obstinate Germans and of the Bohemian traitors and renegrades. The Germans, 
being unable to battle effectively with the "Central Alma Mater" because of 
their greatly and contin\ially dwindling means, have turned to the American 
"Austrians" for their financial support in the fight. As a result we have 
the "Austrian Society." 

For us American-Bohemians this fact is of great significance. Thus far we 
don't care about otir particular national interests here in America, whereas 



■d^\JA*>*iSm AA&A1 



Svornost, May 30, 1882. 

the Germems in addition to supporting everything that concerns the local 
German element are helping to their utmost the struggle of their patriotic 
overseas-countrymen. Isn't this so? 

Under conditions such as exist among us we would not be surprised in the 
least if the "Austrian Society" mustered among its members several Bohemians 
also. The unknown attracts Bohemians, always and everywhere. 




I C , . . BOF?a\>TTAN 

II B 1 a 

III B 3 a Svornost, tlay 28, 1892, 
I A 1 b 

I A 1 a BCKIEMIAIT-AM2RICAII CELEBRATION DI PUBLIC SCHOOL. 

Exercises were held in all public schools yesterda/ afternoon in memory of is. 

those tAio Ibu^t in the civil war, but probably in no other school was there 5 

a more sincere celebration held than in the Hedges School at 47th St, and ^ 

ilfinchester Avb,, which is attended largely by Bohemian children. The prin- r^ 

cipal of this school lliss Malley, a highly educated lady, has a deep love -n 

for Bohemiam. children and likes the Bohemian people for their goodness and £ 

tolerance, L> 

On no occasion does she forget to place in the piograra some Bohemian son^* °^ 
At yesterday's celebration, the children sang "^de domov mly" (TThere kt 
Hone ia) and another national song. 

Because the invited speaker from the '♦Grand Army** did not appear, the prin- 
cipal asked the gymnastic instriictor, J. Ceimak,to speak to the children 
in their mothertongue. 



5 



I C -2- BOim'ITAIT 

II B 1 a 

III B 3 a Svprnost, May 28, 1892, 
I A 1 t 
I A 1 a 

These listeners were very much pleased when the ineaninf; of Decoration Day ^ 

was explained to them in the language of their cradle-days ♦ ^ 

Tlhen the speaker, in conclusion, urged them to be not only ardent Bohemians S 
but to become good Americans, thev all promised enthusiastically to do so» ^ 

icr 






I BOHEMIAN 

I B 4 ■ 



Svornost, March 16, 1892. 

ALAEM AlIONG CATHOLIC KNIGHTS. 

Whenever there appears among the free-thinking people some swindler who ^ 
absconds with money entrusted to him, our Catholic citizens raise a hue and "^ 
cry and almost tear themselves to pieces pointing out what scoundrels people C 
are who do not want to believe in the Heavenly Kingdom and how dangerous it pg 
is for a poor man if he has himself ins\ired "by such unbelieving societies. £ 
These gentlemen do not like to admit that there are scoundrels among the ^ 
Catholics as well as among the free-thinkers. Yet it is proved that there ^ 
are suaong the Catholics more people who perpetrate all sorts of fraud and '*" 
who have the idea that by confessing all everything is well again. 

The incident which we mention here is proof that Catholic gentlemen see the 
faults of others but are \inable to see their own. 

There is an organization of Catholic Knights in America which is directly 
under the control of the priests. All officers from the chairman down to 



I C . • - 2 - BOHEMIAN 



Svornost, March 16, 1892. 

the last clerk are under the supervision of the gentlemen in the Capoches 5 
(priest's grrment). The devoted lamhs "believed that every penny which they ':ri 
deposited into the central treasury was well protected. However, in the p 
month of October of last year, the board of trustees examined the books and 
annotinced to the much surprised Knights that there was some trifling short- 
age. Little attention was given to it in the beginning, for how could any- 
thing irregular occur in a society which was managed by such Godly servants ^ 
of the Lord? i<^ 

A somewhat more serious attitude was taken toward the whole affair when it 
became known, after a thorough exauninaticn of the books, that the trifling 
shortage would amount to $71,000, and that there was a possibility that it 
might be much greater, probably as much as $200,000. 

And where is this money? Catholic Knights have a membership of ebout 
25,000, and they all pay dues into a central treasury for insurance in the 
event of death. According to their laws, the treasurer is required to pay 
the death benefits of the deceased within sixty, days after the annoiincement 



o 



I C - 3 - BOHm^IAN 

I B 4 . 



Svornost, March 16, 1892. ^ 

r; 
of death. -tj 

Under these circiimstances, the treasurer was able, "being hand in hand with Lo 
the reverend fathers, to profit thereby. Recently, people have been dying ^> 
more niunerously than heretofore and Mr. Treasurer seemed to think it the '*** 
best time to provide for his future. The more money that accumulated in his 
hands, the greater was his love for it. ^en there had accumulated in the 
treasury almost $200,000 he was completely enraptured. He knew, to be sure, 
that this money belonged to poor forsaken widows and orphans. He knew that 
he would commit a greet sin if he were to steal this money - but the money 
seemed to promise him a nice, comfortable life on earth, so why wait for the 
blessed life after death? Therefore he kept the money and the reverend 
fathers are now trying to find a way to arrange it so that they will not be 
forced to take Mr. Treasurer before the courts. 



I C BOHEMIAN 

The phlcago yrlbune , March 8, 18ol. 

BOHEMIANS HAVE A MEETING 

The Bohemian Democratic Club of the Nln>^th Ward met at No, 612 West Eighteenth 
Street last evening and Indorsed Max Kirchman as Its candidate for Alderman.- The 
club had an excited discussion over a statement made by a Bohemian that Bf^vemlaas 
were being Illegally naturalized* 

The members say that such statements are utterly untrue. 



I C BOHEaHAN 

III A 
III C 

Svornost, March 12th, 1885. 

TOE BOHEMIANS IN CHICAGO (Editorial) 

The article of Mr* Adams printed in Inter-Ocea under the above title vas 
entirely destined to take us Bohemians under its protection. Ifr. Adams says^ 
that the only obstacle among us is our atheism; but we do not agree with thi^ 
view*-point. Our opinion is that a republic ruled by atheists, would be veryF 
strong and could flourish better than in the hands of religious families. -^ 
Everyone has his own opinion and we cannot consider it wrong if someone has so 
the view-point, that only faith in God can save humanity from the downfall, ^ 
The above mentioned article says: **The author of this article is a man of ^ 
rare character, completely acquainted with the Bohemian tongue and customs* ^ 
He spent a few years in Prague, the Bohemian Capitol in Europe, and at 
present is living in our city. Vb can entirely depend on the <i©iHpectn«8s of 
his statement •** Chicago, like other big centers, has numerous nationalities 
among its population. All countries and all languages are represented here. 
They are here to stay. Our rights and interests are equal. It is the glory 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN p 

III A ^ 

III C • ^ g 

STomoaA» IJarch 12th, 1885* ^~ 

of our goyernaent) that everyon* has the right to enjoy offered laririlege^ ^^ 
And this is the reason, iriiich is attending these millions to our shores and 
filling our cities. It is most important that all those different nationalities 
understand each other and live in mutual harmony* This reciprocal relation- 
ship cannot be effected in one day, consequently evils can often be noticed 
In the conunities* 

13ie author of the above mentioned article is thriving to repute some of the 
false statements, and he did a good job. "ThsYCthe Bohemians) are not the 
kind of people depicted by the misinformed writers; as a rule they bring their 
Suropean customs and habits with them. If they drink beer, there is nothing 
wrong in it; nevertheless, it is said that they hate intemperance. Their 
natural sympathy is always with the working people. It would be an offence to 
them, i"^ we were to say that they are in accordance with the foolish anarchists 
or socialists or that they even sympathise with them* 




. 3 - BOHEMIAN 

.STornort. March 12th, 1885. 5 

r— 

The Bohemians have one daily Journal^ Svomost « edited by Mr. Zdrubek which r^ 
propagates ardently morality, ' go 

o 
The worst that can be said about this journal is that it is anti-religious, Lo 
and especially the Sunday supplement is conpletely blasphemous. In this ^;3 
direction it surpasses even Ingersol himself. By the way, it is said that **" 
nothing is read by the Bohemians more diligently, than the translated 
lectures of Ingersol. The Bohemiems have many societies among them; mutual, 
beneficial, building-loan education, and musical. The more educated Bohemians 
subscribe to the Bohemian newspapers published in Cleveland, Minneapolis, 
sad svsa in Bohemia, Surope. The number of Bohemians in our city is 35,000, 
dvelliqgs are situated mostly on the south side. Such an important 
factor in our life and in our city cannot be further misunderstood. 



UL 



BOHEMIAN ^ 



Svorno8t,Jan.29,1885. so 

INSULTING THE BOHSMIANS. W 



(iCditorial) 

As wd know, a new attack vas made again on us Bohemians » and its injustice, 
cannot be compared with the previous numerous affronts, printed in the 
English press against the 3ohemians not only in Chicago, but in other 
cities* We Bohemians know very well, that this article is mendacious as 
is proven by the fact, that the article encompasses the entire Bohemian 
Nation, not only here but in Bohemia, Europe* It states for instance that , 
we generally dwell in the worst holes* What a picture of us must be 
created by an individual who does not know our people? 

Certainly we must confess that there actually are somewhere some conditions, 
which would be hard to defend before foreigners, but the whole nation can 
never be blamed for this} the other nations given to us as an example - 
are still worse* 

It is true regarding the employment of eh-iirf^- xu * x,. 

K u^fmenx 01 cftiidren, that there are many parents 



- 2 - BOHHMIAN 

Svornost .Jan .29 «1885 « 

.who send their children to work while yery young, but this fact cannot be > 

classed as characteristic of the entire nation. Ve have many wealthy ~ 

Bohemians in America, 4^0 also send their children to work right after r^ 

graduation from the public school. *e have also a great number of poor, ^ 

intellit^ent workinginen, who can hardly make their living expenses, but o 

who send their children to school as long as circumstances permit* Lo 



The same condition can be found among the Germans, who are offered us as '^'^ 
an example. There are more points in the attack which offend our 
nationality and it is sufficient for our readers to peruse today the fourth 
page of the correspondence of Mr. Baumbruker, a Chicago inhabitant of many 
years. There are exceptions too; If someone a«te a iehemian woman stealing 
corn grain or corn ears, this does not mean that all Bohemian women steal. 

We have our faults, but the same faults can be found among the immigrants 
of other nations, also suBong the Americans* On the other hand we have 
qualities, which ennoble our nation and if one wishes to write about some 
of our faults, he should not dare to include in it that the entire Bohemian 
nation here and in the old country. His duty would be to show to the 



- 3 - BOHEMIAN 

? C 

Sroronost, Jan. 29,1885. 

readers our good quantities also ....« 

The health coonissioner stated that the Bohemians as a rule live in 
narrow dwellings, each floor of iriiich contains a large number of families. 
The same conditions will be found among other nationalities. If a Bohemian 
comes from abroad and has no place to sleep and one of his acquaintances 
keeps him until he is able to find a home, this is not proof that this SE 
condition is general in our life. The majority of us live the same way ^ 
as our brother citizens, the Americans, and in many cases even better. "^ 

so 

o 



I 



» 



I C BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 
III B 4 

Svornost, Oct. 9, 1884. 

CITIZENS WITHOUT REPRESENTATION (Editorial) 



o 



Co 



The Catholic newspaper, the True Witness , edited in Chicago at 168 _ 

E* Randolph Street, gives e^n article in Tts last October copy about ^ 

us Bohemians* This article was written \>y a certain W« Mimgavin, and «^ 
is worthy to be given notice, especially, as in contrast with the libelous 
article published not long ago in the Protestant missionary report of the 
local missionary society* We print a copy of this article below in full. 

Dear Editor, taking cognisance of your independence as regards political 
problems, with your permission, I intend to bring before the public the 
terrible injustice that is constantly being perpetrated over a highly 
honorable, law-abiding and industrious race* The Bohemian-Americans are 
taking an important part among the numerous nationalities that compose 
the popxalation of Chicago* The last published school census shows that 
the Bohemians hold fourth place in Chicago's population* Besides they 
are pronoiinced as the most temperate, frugal and diligent citizens among 
all foreign nationalities* Consequently their number eoid respectability 




- 2 - BOHEMIAH 



Svomost y Oct, 9, 1884. 

entitles them to be accordingly represented, not only in state «md county ^ 
offices, but in national offices as well. They pay us political attention ^ 
to corrupt professional politicians, and every impairtial citizen should p 
consider that because of their honorable behavior they should be ^'■^ 

represented in local and national governmental offices. The injustices S 
practiced against the Bohemian-Americans in our city is purely aggression. ^- 
This evil is worse in some specific wards and districts* Ward sixth is o 
an example of what I mean. In this ward the Bohemian element surpasses ^r 
every other nationality in Hie proportion of four to one. Notwithstanding 
their numerical and material majority they have not even a district senator, 
alderman or representative. Tliere is no other nationality which would 
submit so long to such a situation. Ihe author of this article is convinced 
that there was another cause for this prolonged injustice and not only 
the restrictive activity of the politicians. After many inquiries I have 
fouzid that jealousy among the societies helped very much to create the 



I C - 3 - BOHEMIAN 
TT"6 

II B 4 

STornost, Oot« 9« 1884* 

differences -which were exploited very suooessfully by "the politicians* 

Kow an entirely new spirit reigna over the Bohemians, they are uniting 
with the purpose of self-preservation and of representation* 



rp 



P9 



The last Sokol convention held here in Chicago had very beneficial ^ 
consequences. All existing disagreements, which were in the way of the ^ 
development of different societies, now are resolved fortunately, and '*^ 
the Bohamian»Ainer leans will work hand in hand for a prosperous future* 
They soon will make good and turn aside the scorn, sticking to the 
nation without the representation. I hope their efforts will be crowned 
with a complete victory* I remain. 

Respectfully, 

(signed) TRga* Mungavin* 



IC_ BQHElgAN 

III C 

I B 4 

II D 6 
II B 2 d (2) 



2 



Svornost, Sept. 16, 1884. - 5 

, HOT THE AMERICANS CARE FOR CHICAGO'S BCXffiMIANS. ^ 

WE ARE INFAMOUS HEATHENS ACCORDING TO AN AMERICAN ,§ 

MISSIONARY SOCIETY. '*^ 

XDITORIALt There exists in our city an American missionary society. It published, 
not long ago, its first annual statement called, "First annual report of the 
Chicago City Missionary Society." This booklet has twenty pages with, at least, 
twenty infamous lies and calumnies about the Bohemians in Chicago. We do not 
like this kind of slander, and so much the' less when it comes from the mouth 
of Ecelasiastical zealots, who boast that they are fighting eyil with truth. 
We hope, anyhow, that the local public will be informed how our. nationality has 
beoi unjustly offended, and What kind of crooked calumnies are spread anong the 
religious masses about us. We must assert that their efforts are connected rather 



IC_ - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

I B 4 f 

II D 6 ^ 
II B 2 d (2) Svornost, Sept. 16, 1884. p 

with the devil, than with God. ag 

e 

On page 6 of this annual repojrt, is given, by the superintendent of the missionar]^ 
society, J. C. AriLstrong, the first report on che Bohemians. j^ 

"In the Lumbermen's Ifission, founded for workers of lumber-yards > a new field is 
opened for our society. This ndssion is located at the comer of 19th and Center 
Streets. In this district the religious services are held in French, German, 
Norwegian and English. One day in a week should be devoted to the Bohemians. A . 
large number of Bohemians separated from the Catholic church have built in the 
neighborhood a beautiful infidel temple. This is the same spot where, in 1876, 
occured the revolt, and there have been, tuitil now, elements there which played 
with dynamite. Those are the men, who are not afraid of God and do not oare for 
the rights of other fellow human beings. It will be much cheaper, wiser and safer 
to go among them With the gospel, than to let them come to us with sword and fire* 
Our problem is to save them from eternal damnation, these despez*ate individuals 
who are connected with the vice of our city. This sacred mission is given to us. 



- 3 - BOHEMIAN $ 

IS 5 

III c p 

I B4 . -: 

II D 6 g 

II B 2 d (2) SvorpoBt . Sept. 16, 1884. !- 

"■^— — — " CO 

and what will be the answer to Him, who has sent us?** , ^ 

All that has been cited above is an infeimous lie and oalicicus slander of the whole 
Bohemian comniunity in this district and of the National Hall of the G.S.P.S. 
(Czechoslovak BeneVolent Society), and of all the workingmen, who feed and fatten 
the churchfflsn* They lie when they say that the revolt of the workingmen, in 1877, 
started in National Hall and that Ifotional Hall is a seat of tne so much feared 
dynamite throwers. 

It is further an absolute lie that Bohemians frequenting this hall, have no fear 
of God or consideration for their fellow human beings. All those societies, which 
have meetings in this hall, have the same nutual problems of encouraging fraternity 
amongst humans and of fuz*ni8hing financial help to the needy. They are not, as tne 
missionary report says, a bunch of desperados, connected with the city's worst 
element, whose sole purpose is crime. It is incredible how a superintendent of a 



2 



- 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III c 

I B 4 -Si 

II D 6 . . g 
II B 2 d (2) Svornost, Sept. 16, 1884. ^ 

missionary society is able to release such infamous lies from his devilish throat. ^ 
His mouth anointed with sacred oils, Christ's blood and prayers, should be clean ^ 
and veracious. How can he dare to bring the Gospel to these defamed and slandered v^ 
Bohemian people, to preach -his American morality with all this Pharisaism, thievery 
and knavery and to wish to convert them to his faith, a faith that has originated 
from the devil, himself. 

This superintendent's devilish mouth should not spreads lies about his fellow-men, 
whom he does not know, and never has associated with. He believes only in 
spreading vile calumnies. He mixes Christianity in his devilish saliva and believes 
that no one will know the difference. In this way he strives to poison our people 
and corrupt them to his level. 

The Chairman of the missionary society, Ur, C.F.Gates, a missionary himself, expresses 
a still worse opinion on the Bohemians living in this district. He writes on page 10, 



IC - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

I B 4 

II D 6 

II B 2 d (2) Svornoet, Sept, 16, 1884. 

as follows I "You have heard about the comnittee organized by us for the purpose ^ 
of establishlzig a UcLeane Mission, called the "Lumbermen's idssion, at 683 Centre,^ 
Ave. The committee's task was to find out the best ways to win for salvation p 
the Bohemians, who are populating this district very densely. There is nothing ^^ 
done. We can see swarms of children running wild in the streets. We can see g 
crowds of men leaving their dwellings and going to the meetings, to listen to i— 
the instigative speeches of the communistic and socialistic leaders. The only ^ 
things that they learn at these meetings is to fight against God and the Church, ^ 
against the law of possession, against the family's rules and social connections. 
Vhen we consider, that their votes in the elections have the same worth as ours, 
we will understand the big value of our undertaking to penetrate those crowds 
with the light of the Holy Gospel. 

If we wish to be saved ourselves, we must try to save our children and in the' 
name of our Master, under whose banner we are marching. We must walk through all 



IC. - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

I B 4 

II D 6 

II B 2 d (2) 

Svornoet, Sept. 16, 1884. 

the side streets of our city seeking for the lost ones, to save them with God's 
help. 

Brothers, why does God allow all those people from Eohemia, Italy, Germany, Holland, 
Norway, Denemark, England, Ireland, Holland, China and Japan to come independently,^ 
instead of delivering them straight into our hands so that we can show them the ^ 
value and power of the Christian faith, as a developer of their body, morals and >^ 
soul? It is a very expensive problem to send the missionaries to the remote p 
countries, but when God is sending those pagans to our own door, we should seize ^ 
the work in our own hands and we will not regret this at the day of judgment. ^ 

• 

As cooopensation for our missionary work we will have flocks of devoted men and g 
women, who wil!^ go everywhere and distribute the bread of life and God's teaching,uT 
We need money for this purpose, we need money to change saloons into churches, and 
to decrease crime. If we had money to do this we would not need a big police force 



- 7 - BOHEMAlf* /. 



/ 



III c / 

I B 4 

II D 6 * 

II B 2 d (2) ' ' % 

Svornost « Sept. 16, 1884, *■ 

to keep order and we would save much money in this way. <C 

50 

From these few words it is easy to see that the Chairman of the missionary S 
society looks at the Bohemians of the 6th ward as heathens and abases them ^ 
before the entire religious community. The whole prestige, of the Bohraiians:^ 
being destroyed, the missionaries in their devilish hypocrisy will show theiP" 
mercy and, collecting money from the rich ^ericans, will start to convert 
those uncultured, ignorant Bohemians from paganism. They would make out of us 
sly thieves and io^ostors, of the type that are always recruited from American 
clergymen. We read, almost every day in the newspapers, that they hang them- 
selves, cut their throats, that some of them are put in jails, and some of them 
run away with their spoils to Canada, stolen money, collected through their 
people's faith in the Holy Gospel. Should the Bohemians be the same kind of 
pious Christians, should they deprive themselves of their honesty, good heeurts, 
good name and model themselves after the American brothers. 



IC - 8 - BOHEMIAK ^ 

III C p 

I B 4 

II D 6 
II B 2 d (2) 



-t3 

o 

Ca3 



Svorno8t« Sept. 16, 1884. o 

«r 

You Pharisaic creatures come among these so called pagan Bohemians and they 
vill teach you honesty, Christian love, toleration, humanity morality, temperance, 
and Justice. You do not need to teach Bohemians tnese virtues, but rather you 
can learn these virtues from them, because all that you know nov is tne vices 
of crime, shame and infamy - even if you pray and stay in churches. We have 
recognized your infamy and this deterred us from attending your churches and 
services, which allow such thieves, iIl^)Ostors and libertines to be^ seen and 
honored as holy men; holy men that despise poor, honest workingmen; holy men, 
who, nevertheless, are willing to save tnese workingmen from pageuiism. 

Tou American Pharisees, who are hiding your vice and knavery in places that are 
meant for prayers, go among the Bohemians and learn how to pray simply but 
sincerely. If there was a country, which has had religion an^ may be too much 
of it« such a country was Bohemia, and starting with the middle ages Bohemia 
has been floded with religious teachings, religious practices, religious 
propaganda, and bloodshed for religion. The Bohemians have outgrown all that 



IC - 9 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

I B 4 

II D 6 

II B 2 d (2) 

Svornost, Sept. 16, 1884.. 

foolishness and they are not so low as to let themselves be the victims of your 
religion that attempts to inqplant devilishness into the hearts of our people. 

The Bohemians are outspoken. They will tell you all that they have in their ^ 

hearts. Through the experience of many centuries the Bohemians have abandoned ^ 

your type of religious practices, and even if you had whole regiments of F= 

missionaries sent into their addst these missionaries would not be able to <Z 

coange their human rioruls and doctrine of truth* These Bohemians would stand Ig 

firm, like a wall that was once formed centuries ago by the Hussites, armed S. 

with clubs similar to those which were used to split the heads of the black ^ 

monks, who came to Bohemia to preach hypocrisy, dishonesty and imtcorality, t^ 

ready to do the S6une to these modern black monks of the missions. ^ 

If these missionaries will come to the Bohemiems to learn from them religion, 
morality and honesty, they will be welcome, but should they come with the inten- 
tion to destroy the prosperity of our people, to insult us, to humiliate us 
unjustly, and then to rehabilitate us later, their enterprise would not pay 
at all. 



IC_ - 10 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

I B 4 

II D 6 

II B 2 d (2) 

Svornost, Sept, 16, 1884. 

I propose to the members of the missionary society, who intend to ensnare ^^ 
these ignor.int Bohemians for the Methodist church on 19th Street that t^«y p 
explain and Interpret to their representatives, how the Bohemians feel about 
it. 



They should enlighten their American representatives on how to talk with 
fiohmians. It is their duty to reprimand those Pharisaic slanders, and 
to revolk thfse wicked chairmen and superintendents of the mission, all 
of whom have tnrown caliimnies at us. 

In the future they should not write about the Bohemians, beiore they mingle 
with the Bohemians, and become acquainted with them. Further, they should 
never lie so unpardonably, and offend people that endeavor to build noble 
projects for the future. 

*• are happy that Dr. Adam will visit Chicago in the near future. He knows 



O 

CO 



III c 

I B 4 

II D 6 
II B 2 



- 11 - 



BOHEMIAN 



d (2) 



2 



Svomoet > Sept. 16, 1884. 



o 

m 

Co 
Cr 



U8, loves us, protects us, and he will certainly take care, that all these 
slanders thrown on BohemiEine by the religious fanatics be revoked and the 
good name of the Bohemians restored. The offended morality and feelings 
of the good and organized Bohemians in Chicago may instigate, unnecessarily, 
a justifiable revenge. 

The action of the Chicago Missionary Society, and of all those rascals who throw 
different calumnies on Bohemians in Chicago, is decidedly criminal in nature. 



I C 8TDrnost . T©b. 1, 1888. BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (5) 

II 6 1 (S) (0«rBan)2[BCBElIIAIIS TAKE PART IN UASQUERADE BAUj 

The Bohemian Sokols were inTited as usual to attend a masquerade Ball giren 
by the Gexman !I\imer8 In Torwaerts** gymnasium, last Monday night. The Bo- 
hemian Sokols decided to enact a Bohemian Wedding Party at the Ball. With 
about thirty members in the party, among them ten women and a bag-piper in ^ 
costume, the eelebrators departed from the hall of "Tel. Jed, Sokol" Gym- f 
nastic Union Sokol at about 10:00 P.M. To the lyric sounds of a genuine C 
bag-pipe the merrymakers arrived at the Ball. The arrival of the party was ^ 
the signal for thunderous applause. 2 



The Bohemian Wedding Party was the subject of general attention, so much 
that eyen Mayor Harrison, who was present, asked that it be speeiedly pre- 
sented before him. Later, in his speech, he praised first the Bohemian 
Nationali^, flattering the Bohemian population particularly, and eiqpressed 
sorrow because he did not leeom the Bohemian Language in his youth. Only 
after this did he make mention of Germans, their entertainment emd so on. 

Needless to add that the Qeznans present were none too pleased because of 



-o 



CO 



- 2 -. . BQHEHIAN 



the attention paid to the Bohemians by the Mayor; also none of the German 
Newspapers even mentioned the Bohemian Wedding Party at the German nasqaer- 
ade in '^orwaerts". 



o 




BOIiSMlAN 

The Chicago Tribune. July 3I, I879. 

THE BOHEMIANS 

To the Editor of the Tribune 

Chicago, July 30, - I have seen published In the ChicaKO Dally News the following 
statement: "A Bohemian captain was found drilling; with a Bohemian militia company." 

This is a mistake and a wrong done to the Bohemians, for it was a German captain of 
the "Lehr and ViTehr Verein." Why do the newspapers in this town by mistake use the 
name of one nat ive "Bohemian? • I think myself Justified in recalling to memory our 
last Civil V«ar, commencing in I860 and ending in 1865» Then we can see how many 
Bohemians carried arras in the service of the United States, and see how many Bo- 
hemians died on the battlefield; also how many widow and orphans are crying for . 
their husband and fathers. Our most respectable and honorable men have been in the 
service of the United States. 

As regards the Bohemians of the present time, we would have to travel through 
the States of Iowa, Nebraska, Dakotai and ^^yoming. There we find Bohemian settle- 
ments. Their life is hard, but they will cultivate the land and work hard for 




-2- * BOHEMIAN 

The Chicago TrlTjune. July 31, 1879- 

their living. Let us now see further on the plains of tne West* 

If Gen. Custer's records were looked upt we would find amongst the massacred ones 
Bohemians too. I myself am only two years home from the Fifth United States In- 
fantry, stationed at Fort Keogh, Yellowstone River, Montana Territory, of which 
General Nelson A, Uiles was the commander. 

It was on the 25th of February 1877, after returning from the battle of Wolf Moun- 
tain, that Gen. Miles commanded a parade and thanked us men for our bravery and for 
the endured hardships, and for laying our lives down for the purpose of advancing 
civilisation. Amon^, these men I was myself and also many other Bohemians. I hope 
this will make a change in the public opinion about the Bohemians and give us the 
proper honors. We are poor but honest, and poverty is no shame. I sign myself, 
most respectfully, a true-born Bohemian, 

Louis Pregler 



^- I C BOHEMIAN 

The Chicago Tribune. June 25t 1879* 9:7. 

THE BOHEMIANS 

To The Editor of the Tribune 

Chicago, June 24r - The Bohemian citizens and taxpayers of Chicago had a meeting 
at the Bohemian Turn-Hall on Taylor Street on the 23rd of June. 

There was an article published in the Illinois Staats-Zeitung calling all us Bo- 
hemians blood-thirsty beasts, and saying that it was only Bohemians that started 
the row in I877t t^nd that now they were starting again. We, citizens and tax- 
payers of this town, have been living here, and know that the trouble in 1877 was 
only Chicago roughs and loafers, with clubs and stones in their hands, entering 
shops and medcing the poor workingman stop and call It a strike* The police force 
was not strong enough to stop the loafers in their action. The next day there were 
a few Bohemians mixed in the crowd, but taat does not take in all the Bohemians. 
iffe and thousands of other citizens stopped at home. 

In regard to the row at the Silver Leaf Grove, how can a newspaper like the Staat^ 
Zeitung cedl all us Bohemian citizens blood-thirsty beasts? Can about 30,000 Bo- 
hemians be responsible for about a dozen or more men that get in a row with loafers? 



I C -2- BOHEMIAN 

The Chicago Tri'bune . June 25t I879i 9:7. 

We Bohemian citizens of this town have been abused several times by the staats - 
Zeitung; without reasont and it is tlrae that it was stopped. There are as good and 
respectable Bohemian citizens in this town as there are Americans and Germans* 

We sign in the name of the Bohemian citizens and taxpayers of this town, 

George Cvachoucek, 

Louis Pregler, 

Cpmmittee* 



I C BOHELIIAN 

The Chicago Tribune, June 25, l879. 

TKS irAYOR AND THE SOCIALISTS 

Uayor Harrleon has caused his special organ to retract the statement 
previously credited to him, to the effect that the police could not disarm 
the Bohemian Sharpshooters because the Constitution guarantees to every man 
the right to bear arms. The Tribune cannot undertake to follow up all the 
mistakes of I.!ayor Harrison's special organ, but draws attention to this case 
because it was misled into a criticism of the ilayor for what he now asserts 
he did not say, and because it is anxious to believe that he is not inclined 
to take the communistic view of the statute which goes into effect the first 
of next month and forbids the organization smd oarade of just such military 
companies as the Bohemian Sharpshooters. 

The constitutional principle is very clearly defined by the language em- 
ployed, iriiich guarantees the right to bear arms because a well-organized 
militia is necessary to the security of a free State; but the new law for- 
bidding the organization of independent and irresponsible military companies 
and punishing citizens who belong to such organizations, is one that should 



I C - 2 - BOHEMIAN 



The Chicago Trll)\xne , June 26, 1879, 

hare no place among the statutes from the very organization of the State. 
There would then have been no question ahout the right to disarm the 
Bohemian Sharpshooters; In fact, there would have been no such organization, 
cmd consequently no such riotous proceedings as occured on last Sunday. 



I. ATTITUDES 
D. Eoonoxaic 
Oreanisation 

1. Capitalistic Enterprise 
a. Big Business 





iSilMUMi 



■■i* 






1 



I D 1 a BOia>IIAN 

II A 2 

Dennl KLasatel. Feb, 10, 1922. 

YJASNC^G TO OUR C0UlTrHYl.i2R "* 

Through the kindness of Uessrs. luayer and Smrz, of the Kaspar St^tnl Banka 
(Kaspar State Bank), which is located at Blue Island Avenue and "Jest 19th ^ 
Street, v/e were informed yesterday about the business dealings which a cer- ^ 
tain VJestem Land and Operating Company is conducting mainly among Lithuanians p= 
and Slovaks. This company, vihich is now also trying to approach Bohemians, <-' 
has its representatives and henchmen in all the large cities and tCTvns of the so 
Middle V/est. Its central office is located in Denver, Colorado, and its Chi- 2 
cago branch is at 127 North Dearborn Street. . This company placed on the market g 
a large number of so-called participating certificates, which are supposedly Q 
guaranteed by real estate which the said canpany already owns or intends to 
purchase in the future. For every one thousand dollars invested in the company, 
there is a parcel of land containing five acrss» 

The prospective buyers are lured by promises that for each thousand dollars, the 
company will give them 12 per cent interest in the form of coupons, wdiich will 



I D 1 a - 2 - B0H5L1IAN 

II A 2 

Dennf Hlasatel . Feb. 10, 1922, 

be issued semi-annually — that is, six coupons for every half year. Besides 
this, the company also promises to pay 25 per cent in monthly dividends. The 
first coupon and the first dividend are always paid. The company refers in 
its dealings to the First National Bank" of Denver, Colorado, which bank is 
said to pay for the coupons and the dividends. But the rest of the coupons ^ 
and dividends are not paid. The company sends a check for them^ of course, ,^^ 
but the check is not honored by any bank. The checks are v/orthless, since the fH 
corapioiy does not have sufficient deposits in the bank to which it refers and '^ 
which is supposed to pay for the coupons and the dividends. g 



CO 



The Kaspar Statnf Banka ascertained this to be true in several cases. And 
because it wished to understand clearly hov; things really stood, it vn^ote a j^ 
letter to the said bank in Denver, Colorado, asking for information about the 
company. The ans^ver came the other day and was as follov/s: 

""""n response to your query of February 2, we beg to inform you that the 

Western Land and Operating Company is not, according to our opinion, a responsible 



I D 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II A 2 

Dennf Hlasatel. Feb. 10, 1922. 

enterprise. The information v/hich we have about this company is of a decided- 
ly unfavorable character. As v;e ourselves knov^ the background of the proposi- 
tions made by it, v;e believe that it is necessary to be extremely careful in 
having business dealin^^s with the said enterprise, and we ourselves do not ^ 
recommend dealings with it under any circumstances. 



-T3 

3» 



"Yours sincerely, D. J. Gourley, assistant cashier." ^ 

By request of the Kaspar Statnl Banka, we offer this warning to our readers o 
in the hope that they will act accordingly. ixs 

S 



I D 1 a BOIP?.a:M 

I G . 

Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 10, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

Of what use is it if we raise vegetables in our back yards to help agricultural 5 

production — of what use are all the appeals to the public to support our food -^n. 

administration, if the war profiteers, unconscionable speculators, and other p 

parasites hoard food, only to let it rot rather than accept lower prices? The ^ . 

Government has done much to ameliorate these conditions, but there is still o I 

much to be adjusted, ^ 

en 



I D 1 a Bfim»nyiT/\H 

Dennl Hlasatel . Sept* 11, 1917. 

IHE FIRST STEP 

(Sunnary of Editorial) 

William Reaidolph Hearst and his publications are consistent in one thing, emd ^^ 
they deserre to be coisDended for it. They adTooate state control orer public p 
utilities. This would be followed by a complete domination and ultimate 

O 



absorption by the Goremment* • • • .To tcUce the control away and make them work ^ 
under a charter would be a war measure. • . ,/eix^ railroads and other trusts 
would be prerented from watering their stock. 



I P 1 a BOHFIMTAN 

I H 

Dennl Hlasatel . May 15, 1917. 

_^AMBLING ON IHE BOARD OF TRAD^ 

(Editorial) 

It is true that we have laws against gambling, but they apply only to the sioall 
fry. The most dangerous and ruthless gamblers are at large, free to pursue 
their criminal practices without fear of punishment. They roeun the Board of 
Trade, manipulating stocks valued at millions of dollars. 




I D 1 a BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. May 5, 1917. 

CZECH DISTRICT DEMANDS A RAILROAD STATION 

(Editorial) 

The State Utility Commission has been requested many times to arrange for 
the establishment of a station of the Burlington Railroad in our Plzen 
(Pilsen) District. Promises were given, true enough, but nothing was done 
up to this day. An ex-Senator, a certain Mr. Forst, informs us that a 
hearing concerning the issue has been postponed imtil next Monday. The 
aldermen of our Czech Wards are expected to be present there. We earnestly 
desire that the question be solved finally in favor of the populace of 
the district. 

The station is an urgent need for our people from the country, who are 
forced to use this road in order to arrive in the Pilsen settlement where 
they have much business to transact. It is also much wanted b^ Chicagoans 




I D 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel, May 5, 1917, 

who wish to get to the Czech district by a direct route. The railroad 
company is obstinately resisting the demand of the Czech settlement. The 
Utility Commission will have to exert pressure to bring it to terms. 




I D 1 a 



BOHSKMI 



■ Denni KLasatel . Apr. 24, 1917, 

AN IOT3RE3TING ARTICLE ON TIE 31IPSHVISI0N BY T:IS CLEARING HOUSE 

(Adv. ) 

(Summary) 

All the banks belonging to t.ie Chicago Claaring House are subject to a 
rigid annual inspection, , , , 



The American State Bank is a member, and enjoys all the advantages 
offered by the Clearing House, , . . 

Ask for list of our First Gold Bonds. .... 

Fr, Stepina, president 

(Signed) 




I D 1 a 



- 2 - 



B0HS2.IIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 24, lal?, 



Anerican State Bank 
1825-27 Blue Island Avenue. 



m. 



c 



I D 1 a 



BOHEJOAN 



Dennl Hlasatel. Apr, 7, 1917» 

(Editorial) 

Three occurences have roused as never before the entire Czech population 
of Chicago. They were the failures of the Tuma bank, the Dubio bank, and 
the house of Pitte, The total of the j.ioney involved amounts to one 
million dollars > representing the hard earnings of our less prosperous 
fellow-countrymen. The ehanoes of a restitution are slim indeed, only a 
small percentage of the amo\int, if any at all, is expected to be rescued. 
In every case, the cause of the break down must be assigned to unsavory 
practices, perilously close to plain stealth, and not to a t^/pical 
catastrophe as a result of any general financial crisis; even a v^ell 
conducted concern may become a victim of the latter. 




I D 1 a - 2 - BOma^IAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 7, 1917. 

The tragedy in these three cases is the distrust which they create in the mind 
of the public, thus damaging the good name of the honest institutions. The 
latter are the sufferer.s although it is utterly unreasonable thus to draw 
conclusions which cast doubt on honest business. 

To date, honesty has been a privilege and the rule in the transactions of our 
people. Shady manipulations are exceptions. This fact ought to serve as a 
guide in the business of the Czech coramnnity. 




I D 1 a 
I C 



BOHSI.!IAM 



Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 22, 1917. 

ADVIC3 TO DEPOSITORS 

Many of our Chicago fellow-citizens of Czech descent have had fright- 
ful experiences as depositors of banks v;hich were not under State 
supervision, and v/hich had resorted to false pretenses in order to 
build up their deposits with the money of those who trusted in their 
honesty. Security is necessary in every transaction, and our Czech 
banks offer their depositors security beyond any doubt, V/e are 
giving a list of banking institutions which have earned a reputation by 
right conduct in their business. They are under strict state or 
federal supervision; all of them are members of the Chicago Clearing 
House, which accredits them as responsible institutions. If our 
fellow-countrymen will transact their business through these banks, 
the safety of their money will be assured, (Banks listed.) 



I D 1 a 30HSt;!IAN 

II 3 2 . 
I F 6 Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 10, 1917, 

EDITOR INSISTS ON JUSTICE BEING METED OUT 

The rumor is gaining more and more strength that the responsibility for 
the bankruptcy of the house of Robert Pitte & Son is going to be attached 
to Hobert Pitte, the father. Influential political friends of Pitte 's 
son have taken steps to see hiia exonerated. He is a former alderman of the 
20th 'Vard, and now holds office as a member of the Cook Co\inty Civil Service 
Commission. It is being pointed out that his office took up Pitte *s time 
to such an extent that he could not do justice to the duties accruing from 
his father's business, and therefore, could hardly be taken to account for 
irregularities that occurred while he was absent. 

It is not within our authority to pass Judgment; that is the business of the 
jurors before whom the Pittes will have to ap'near, sooner or later. But we 
;varn certain people not to attempt to clog the wheels of justice. '.7e shall 
spare no ink, but take those under the limelight who v;ant to cover up 
activities that smell different from iCau de Cologne. 



m. 




I D 1 a BOHELIIM 

II E 2 
II D 1 Denni KLasatel , Feb. 2, 1917. 

CZECH SOCIETIES LOSE IN CRASH 

The main conmlttee of the Jednota Ceskych Dam (Association of Czech Ladies) 
held a meeting last night for the purpose of fixing or estimating the amount 
of obligations owed the association by the "Notary Public," Robert Pitte & 
Son, the firm which, through the law firm, Sabath, Stafford & Sabath, plead 
voluntary bankruptcy recrentl-"-. There were rumors current that the associa- 
tion is liable to lose a large amount of money, as its death benefits have 
been handled mostly by the defunct firm. One of the first questions to be 
tackled by the association was one of the reliability of these reports, and 
their possible dubbing as mere gossip. 

Our own information indicates that the Pittes have been handling the death 
benefit cases of the association for a long time, even v;hen Robert Pitte' s 
wife, an arduous worker for the association, was living. There was no secrecy 
about the business, so that it is hardly possible to single out any one person 
to be brought before a court. It is evident from last night's meeting that the 



I D 1 a - 2 - BOHMIAN 

II E 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel , Feb, 2, 1917. 

association looks at these conditions in the same light as we do. 

In the discussion directed by President Mary Liska, it was found that the 
Pitte firm owed the association the round sun of i|5,000. The activity 
of Mrs, Mary Smrcek was then put under scrutiny, but v»as found within the 
by-laws of the association. It was resolved that the discrepancy be made 
good from the building fund and the "main coiamittee" fund. 




I D 1 a 

II E 2 



BOHElilAN 



Deimi Hlasatel . Feb. 2, 1917, 

TH3 BAM3TOPTCY OF ROBERT PITTS & SON 

Not since the time of the Kozel defalcation and the closing of the 
Tuma bank, have the Chicago-Czech depositors been gripped by the 
terror of impending poverty now that the magnitude and far-reaching 
consequences of the bankruptcy of the house of Robert Pitte & Son 
are being diviilged before the eyes of the public with utter hopeless- 
ness and ddspair in their trial, Kost of the assets of the firm 
which formerly were classified as solid have proved to be worthless, 
and the real estate is heavily encumbered. As a result of the 
regulations in bankruptcy proceedings, the winding up of the affairs 
is calculated to take at least one year with pay of iaSOO weekly for 
the receiver, and Dmny an outlay for overhead in addition. This 
gives a conception of hov; much the depositors may fairly expect to 
rescue from the wreck. 




I D 1 a 

II E 2 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel. Feb. 2, 1917, 



BOHSJ^TIAN 



W.PA 



0\\ 



From the evidence uncovered at the present time, it is obvious that 
dishonesty played the major part in the actions of the Pittes, who 
concealed their duplicity behind the business of "Notary Public." 
Their practises in the mortgage business may well be likened to the 
artistry of a criminal prestidigitator, some, however, shone by 
their very simplicity. The Pittes received monies to pay off mortgages, 
which they failed to do. Now, hundreds of the people who had trusted 
the wrong party are awakening to the startling reality that they shall 
have to pay their full debt to the last penny. It was the sister of 
the elder Pitte, who lived in his house, to whom he accorded the most 
despicable treatment. She gave a mortgage valued at ^?2000 in trust to 
her brother, who resold it without her knowledge, and without having 
paid a single cent of interest. His other blood relatives did not 
fare much better. 



The Pittes are in hiding now, but their apprehension is considered to 
be only a matter of days. 



I D 1 a * BOHEMIAN 

ire 

I G Denni Hlasatel . July 28, 1915. 

"EASTLAND" AND "UJSHANIA" 

(Bdltopial) 

There are two names that will forerer remain entered in bloody letters in the 
history of ship catastrophes of the year of 1915, this year full of horror, 
sorrow, and misery: "Lusitemia" and "Eastlemd*** The first denotes the utmost 
in barbarous warfare; the other, the utmost in beurbarous greediness of capitalism* 
Both these catastrophes hare profoundly shaken human souls all over the world, 
in spite of the fact that people's feelings eu:>e deadened by the news of the 
terrible events taking place day by day, hour by hour, on the bloody battlefields 
of Europe* In both of these catastrophes hundreds of innocent, helpless human 
beings were sacrificed to the insatiable, bloodthirsty god Moloch, but the 
"Eastland** catastrophe is much more tragic and shows our civilization in a much 
more repulsive light than the **Lusitania'* disaster* 






ID 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 

I G Demii Hlaaatel . July 28, 1915, 

When the "Lusltania" was leaving New York harbor last May, it carried, in 
addition to some fifteen hundred or more passengers, among whom were about 
two hundred Anerieeuis, a big load of ammunition in its cargo. She belonged 
to a nation which is at war with Germany, whose submarines have been 
waging a destructive ccuupaign against the shipping of all Gezmany*s foes. 
At first, the submetrines governed themselves according to the rule which 
required the giving of a warning to the people on board* But irtien the 
British Admiralty — interested much less in the saving of human lives than 
in the cargo aboard the ships>-«ffered prizes to vessels for the sinking 
of submarines, the submarines changed their tactics* They started sinking 
enemy vessels without warning. All this was well known to the American 
passengers, most of vdxom were going to Ttnglnnd to negotiate new contracts 
for delivery of ammunition against Germany. Not only was all this well 
known to them, but they had also been warned that the "Lusitania** would 
be sunk. Now, we do not wish to discuss the question whether GSermany had 
the right to sink the "Lusitania" or not. All we wish to do is point to 
the fact that there were about one hundred Americeui citizens who were on 



I D 1 a - 3 - BOHEMIAM 

IPS 

I Dennl Hlasatel , July 28, 1915. 

their way to Sogland on a mission Inimical to Germany in its natiire, even 
though, formally, strictly neutral. Furthermore, they were in a position to 
avoid the threatening danger. 

5 
But Jttst the same, the sinking of the "Lusitanla" created a situation ^^ 

that threatens to put us into a terrible war with Germany. The United P 

States Goyemment maintains— with full ri^t — that the lives of iUaeriean 

citizens must be safe on the seas, that is, insofar as their safety depends 

on human actions. Germany must not be tacitly conceded the right to change 

at will the international laws, to violate the rights of neutral states 

with the excuse of the exigencies of war. But if we are to protect and 

defend the safety of our citizens aboard ships against a foreign nation 

80 emphatically that we are almost ready to irage war because of the loss 

of lives of some hundreds of American contractors, then it would seem 

infinitely more logical to protect the lives of our citizens against 

pirates who ply their trade right in our midst, to protect their lives 



ID 1 a - 4 - BQHSmAN 

I F 6 

I G Dennl Hlaaatel . July 28, 1915. 

against oriBioals, as the oirners of the "Eastland" have proved to be. 

The thousands of sen, women, and children going out for recreation, presumably 

in absolute security, had not been warned that the ship might be attacked ■^_ 

by sane uncanny, eerie horror; the "Eastland" was not sailing into eneny ^ 

waters; did not carry any war contraband in her cargo. Ihe simple, haimless "^ 

excursionists had no greedy alms on their minds when they were boarding the ^ 

ship that was to become their grave. But, nevertheless, their doom was more ^ 

certain than that of the passengers of the "Lusi tenia". § 

Fifteen years ago, in Bar Harbor, the "Eastland" had had the same misfortune ^ 
that cost some fifteen hundred lives last Satxirday. The mere accumulation «^ 
of passengers on one side of the vessel was enough to cause it to keel over. 
Anybody who knows anything about ships and sailing will tell you that such 
an accident is caused by faulty eonstruetion of the ship, and this was 



I D 1 a - 6 - BCBEMIAN 

I F 6 . 

I'O Denni Hlasatel . July 28, 1915* 

the case in this instance. According to the law, the center of gravity of 

a fully loaded ship oust be seventeen inches below the water level. But 

in the ease of the 'Eastland'*, the center of gravity was only two inches 

belofw the water level. It is easy, therefore, to understand why the ship 

keeled over so readily, particularly since the Govemxaent inspectors, now 

accused of accepting bribes froM the owners of the "Xastland" , had issued ~ 

a license for the steamer permitting it to raise the safe number of ^ 

passengers more than two hundred. This same vessel, in Cleveland, prior S 

to its arrival in Chicago two years ago, was forbidden to carry passengers ^ 

at all; such was the opinion of authorities concerning it in a city which ^ 

is not so completely dominated by money interests as Chicago, 



All that, of course, was very well known to the owners of the "Sastlcmd," 
who collected dividends from this deathtrap, and irtio alone are responsible 
for the terrible disaster that has brou^t sorrow and distress into hundreds 



~yj 






I D 1 a - 6 - BCBSBOAN 

I P 6 

I G Dennl Hlaaatel . July 28, 1915. 

of Chicago hones. Their responsibility is clear but here in America, alas, 
that does not necessarily inean that they will suffer the punishment demanded 
by the outraged public opinion. Of course, there will be strict and severe 
investigations, hearings, adoption of resolutions, proposals, suggested 
laws; but there is little hope that the real culprits, the owners of the 
vessel, and the comx>any sponsoring the excursion which forced its employees, 
on pain of discharge, to participate in the excursion, will ever be punished. 

In fact, already, while many, many of the victims are still burled in the 
dismal hull of the ship, attempts are being made to whitewash the real 
perpetrators of this crime* State *s Attorney Hoyne has tried to secure 
the documents necessary for the investigation. But, to the great astonish- 
ment and surprise of the authorities and the public, it has become known 
that the Chief of Police had passed on these documents to District Attorney 
Clyne, that is, to a Federal official. It is quite evident that this is an 
attenq^t to protect the Federal inspectors responsible for the condition of 



-o 



I D 1 a - 7 - BOBEMIAN 

17 6 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , July 28, 1915. 

the 'TBastland**. 

Many other nasty things are coming out Into the dayll^t. For Instance, the 

son-in-law of the chief Inspector of ships In Chicago, Erlckson, was 

appointed chief engineer on the "Eastland" Immediately after the company 

ovmlng the ship had been given permission to take on board several hundred '^ 

passengers more than safety would permit* ^Is Is a clear case of criminal r 

graft accepted In spite of the risk of hxmdreds of lives which, as It gc 

happened, now really have been lost* c. 

Everybody will understand the reasons why we call those who attacked and g 

sunk the "Lasltanla" , barbarians. But before we cry out demanding their ^ 

punishment, let us get rid of worse vermin right heire at home. The war 
will end one day, and there will be no sinkings of "Lusitanias" in peace, 
but catastrophes such as that of the "Eastland** will recur with the same 



I D 1 a - 8 - .. BOIJEt,iIAN 

I F 6 

I Or Dennl Hlasatel . July 28, 1915. 

dreadful regularity as peace-time catastrophes in mines, on railroads, in 
factories, if v:e do not put a stop to the savage greediness of big business 
that values dividends . above everything else, and hundreds of human lives 
not at all. 



g 



on 



I D 1 a BOTM/TAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 50, 1915, 

BILLY SUNMY 

(Editorial) 

It would be most desirable to-4earn the truth about the income of the "greatest ^ 

modern evangelist," Billy Sunday, He v/ill not think of revealing it; there is ^ 

the income tax, you icnov:. But it would be of even greater interest to speculate ,.-«_ 

as to what makes for the size of his income. This v.ould no doubt lead to the p 

conclusion that it is partly the stupidity of the people he befuddles and ^ 

partly from people who pay him for the befuddling of others. Such Billy Sunday- g 

.treated human material is bound to be a real boon to the eyes of big capital. ^ 

I 



I D 1 a 



BOHEMIAN 



Denni Illasatel , Jan. 2, 1915. 

/"PEdSIDSITT \!IloCN Al© BRY.^lJ 

(Sditorial) 

Reactionary Anerican nev;spapers reproach our nev/ly elected President 7/ilson, 
saying that he is not independent, that he frec.uently takes advice from Bryan. 
These same papers v;ere in the habit of glorifying President IJcKinley, calling 
him "the greatest President" iunerica has ever had, because he permitted hiia- 
self to be dojiiinated by Lark Hanna and gave the trusts an entirely free hand. 
7/ilson is right in listening to the advice of a man vdio is as honest and fear- 
less as Bryan, and with whom even his greatest enemes cannot find any other 
fault than that they do not like his political opinions and actions. Even so, 
Bryan remains an honest and honorable man, very popular with the American 
people. VJhenever he lost an election, it was because he was- defeated by the 
superior force of capitalistic interests. As long as it is Bryan xvho stands 
by Wilson, the American people may rest assured that the President is on a 
good road. 




I D I a BOHSIvIIAN 

II AS 

Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1911, 

THE HUDSON COi\L .AD MINllTG COLIPANy 

As is knovm, the case of the Hudson Coal and I.Iining Company cune up before 
Judge Cooper last week, and the main question dealt \;ith v/as a change of 
venue. However, since none of t.ae petitioners were present at -the hearing, 
the request was stricken froii the court's calendar. The petitioners state 
that they had requested tne Judge to continue the hearing to another date, 
to which the J^dge did not agree, and for that reason they did not appear 
in court. For that reason, also, they find thenselves forced to uake the 
follov.ing explanation of this case here: 

At one tiiae, Williaia R, V/alleclc and others signed as chief guarantors, 
responsible for a stated s\ki of money, for Joseph Ilokes and others, and to 
pay, without discrii.iination, for ti.ese officers whenever necessary, includ-r 
ing in the guarantee, their heirs and executors. This bond v;as put, up on 
May 11 in the court session in ;;hich Joseph Kokes had appeared against 
Vailiam R, Walleck and others, file niraber 2858. 




\ 



I B 1 a - 2 - BOHB!^[IAN 

II A 2 

Dennl Hlasatel ^ May 14, 1911. 

SeTeral court actions by the guarantors against Kokes and the other defendants 
were at issue, when the latter soxight an injunction against any further court 
action that might be taken against them. The court granted the injxmction, 
and an appeal is being made from this court decision. Therefore, the guarantors 
feel justified in asking that their bond be set aside, and for a change of venue 
from the court which had issued the injunction. The appeal is signed by all of 
the guarantors fighting for their rights. 

(Signed) 

One of them. 




/ 



I D 1 a B0HS?.1IAN 

II A 2 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 18, 1911, 

A NEV GOIIPANY HAS RISEM FROU THE RUINS OF THE FORI.IER HUDSOII GOAL GOIIPANY 
AND THE NS7 COLIPAl'JY IS OFFERING FORMER SHAREHOLDERS Al." EXCHANGE OF 

STOGK 

An interesting meeting was held last night in the Gesko-Americke Slovanske 
(Bohemian-American Slavonic) hall. The Torraer stockholders of the ill- 
fated Hudson Goal Company net there with the directors, at the invitation 
of the latter, whose meitbers are stockholders in the new company. The 
Reliance Goal Llining Company. The Reliance nov/ owns the property formerly 
belonging to the Hudson company. The majority of the shareholders of the 
former Bohemian coal company did not knov; for what purpose the meeting was 
called, and many of them could not adjust themselves to the idea of reviv- 
ing the painful :iemories of the defunct Bohemian undertaking by the calling 
of further meetings. In spite of this feeling, as a result of curiosity. 




I D 1 a • - 2 - BOIIBI:IIAN 

II A 2 

Denni lilasatel , Feb. 18, 1911. 

which is such a large factor in many things, yesterday's raeetinn v/as more 
numerously attended than any of the many former raeetings of the Hudson 
company. The meetin^'^ was brought to order by Mr, Jakub Kandlik, viho called 
upon the former secretary L'r, V/intemitz, to explain to those present the 
purpose of the meeting, Mr, VJintemitz, explained that the meeting was 
called for the purpose of deciding in what manner the shareholders . of the 
defunct company could be compensated, as much as possible, for their losses. 
First of all, however, lir, V/internitz remarked, that these efforts had 
nothing in common v/ith the suits, started by some shareholders against the 
former directors and that, in any argument these must be left out, because 
settlement of these will come before the court. Despite the fact, that 
the directors on various occasions have been called unfair names, they did 
not care to remember that at the meeting. Out of the ruins of the old 




I D 1 a - 3 - BOH^.TIAN 

II A 2 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 18, 1911, 

company a new organization has been created. 

During the foreclosure sale the directors used their ovm funds to buy the 
Hudson Coal Company's nine, whereupon, the new company, under the name of 
Reliance Coal Mining Produce Company, was formsd. Registered bonds were 
issued to cover the amount of indebtedness and these are held by the 
present participants to protect their interest in the imdertaking. In 
order that the management, the members of which are the present stockholders, 
could prove that it operated at a loss formerly, it decided to offer the 
stockholders of the former Hudson Coal Company, stock in the new company in 
exchange for their old stock. The shareholders of the Hudson company would 
not be required -to make any payraent because of the acceptance of -^his offer. 
In fact they could elect directors, entirely different from those who 
fona«rly managed the Hudson Coal Company, and these would thOR manage the 




I D 1 a - 4 - 30!E!:!IAN 

II A 2 ' . 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jeb, 18, 1911, 

the affairs of the nev; company. Surely no one would lose anything through 
such a move, even if they gained nothing. The mine has been in operation 
since last June, This is about the gist of LIr, V/intemitz's explanation 
of the purpose for which the meeting was called, so that everyone could 
realize what was being considered without undo excitement. When Mr, V/inter- 
nitz,had concluded, Mr. V/alleck asked, who was behind the committee which 
called the meeting, because the committee, elected at the last meeting of 
the shareholders of the Hudson Goal Company, knev/ nothing about the calling 
of this meeting. To this question, Ur, V/internitz, replied, that he spoke 
for the present ovmers of the mine and that it v;as a committee, elected at 
a meeting of these, vxhich called the meeting, Mr, '-Valleck, after he had 
been assured that the acceptance of the proposal v/as to be considered, said 
the matter under consideration was of too great importance for an oral 



I D 1 a - 5 - BOHBilAN 

II A 2 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 18, 1911. 

explanation to be clear and that It ought to be pat into writing and 
signed by all of the present owners. In ans?;er to this, he was told 
that the proposal was sufficiently clear, because the shareholders in 
the new company were all present and agreeable. That every one holding 
the old stock certificates, be given the same number of shares in the 
new company. It is a sufficiently clear offer, whereby, the former 
directors wish to reimbiirse the former stockholders and turn over to 
them, the mine in the same condition as before the foreclosure. Aside 
from the money, which the management put up from its own pockets, they 
ask for no other security. To this Mr. Walleck replied that he had not 
the slightest doubt about the sincerety of the present owners of the . 
mine, however, a like offer had been made by the directors of the 
Hudson Coal Company prior to the catastrophe, with the exception, that 
at that time a six per cent first mortgage of $60,000 was mentioned, 
whereas now, no amount is mentioned* As a result of this it 




I D 1 a - 6 - • BOHSI.IIAN 

II A 2 

Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 19, 1911. 

is impossible to judge the value of the stock, because in case the ovmers 
should want to secure themselves v^ith a first mortgage of i?60,000 and 
the line was only ;vorth 145,000, what would be the purpose of exchanging 
the worthless stock. The e:q?lanation of this v;as about as follows; tliat 
the indebtedness at the time of foreclosure amounted to $59,000, a bonded 
loan of $65,000 v/as made, so that v6,000 remains in the treasury. The 
bonds nature after ten years and provision is made for amortization. 
These bonds were issued by the Union Trust Company v^hich took over the 
trusteeship and a company of this kind would not be interested in some- 
thing which would be worthless. All other debts have been paid and the 
bonds, listed are at six per cent interest. 

Further-more; no one can lose anything, for if the mine does not pay even 
now, the shareholders of the former Hudson Coal Oonpany can not lose any 



I D 1 a BQH3t.!IAIT 

II A 2 " ^ ■ 

Dennl Tllasatel . Feb. 18, 1911, 

more than they have lost already. That the nine v;ill not pay is unthink- 
able, for there is plenty of coal there and the de.iand is for as much as 
can be produced. If one lood v/inter cones, it will be possible to sell 
enough to overcome all orevious losses. The fonner directors are not 
asking for sympathy. They merely v/ish to do something for those share- 
holders v/ho shared their losses with difficulty. The directors actually 
are not compelled to do anything of such a generous nature, 

llr, Heinz, expressed doubt that the mine vjould pay even now. He declared 
he could not understand how there could be any profit now, v;hen for the 
past three years it almost swallowed rioney, lie also brought up the q.uestion 
of the c^arantee of the fifty per cent loan by the former shareholders. 
These v;ith the understanding that the loan \vould be protected by a first 
mortgage, deposited t^.eir money and .any of them did not even receive a 
receipt and the Ttoan v;as in no v/ay protected. An argument ensued and 
when others arose and stated that they had not received receipts, Ilr, Sd, 




I D 1 a 

II A 2 



- 8 - 



Denni lilasatel . Feb. 18, 1911, 



3G!ISL!IA1T 



Novak, declared that line of procedure v;as drifting av/ay from the -Durpose 
of the : eeting. The meeting ;as ceiLled so that the offer of the present 
vaners of the raine could be either accepted or rejectee by the former 
stockholders. Further explanations followed and the chairrian finally asked 
for an expression of opinion, in regard to the trend of thought. To this, 
it was said, that it ..as rather difficult to nake any decisions on such 
short notices. In fact nothing more is being offered the former share- 
holders than they nov/ have, a scrap of paper. It was then again pointed 
out that they can lose nothing. Thus the argument v/ent around and around. 
Finally it was decided to elect a committee composed of representatives of 
those v;ho deposited money for the loan and those v/ho v;ere merely stock- 
holders, and tills authorized comi.iittee to deal with the present ovmers. 
Another meeting is to be held in a vxeek end the -iatter is to be discussed 
once .":ore, Altho\igh many harsh v;ords v;ere spoken and many bitter pills 
handed out at yesterday's neetin,^, the meeting was relatively quiet. Now 
there is nothing left except to await developjnents and the progress of the 
mine. There is no question but thet It v;ould be the wish of every Cfeech 
here, that the undertaking should be put bade upon its fset. 




I D 1 a BOHElgAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1909. 

CAR COMPANY NEGLECTS CZECH DISTRICT. 



p. 4— We have persistently been pointing to the lack of consideration of the ^ 
street car conpany shown to the population of "Bohemiaii California" south of Ci. 
Twenty-Second street, and especially in the neighborhood of Twenty-Fifth street r- 
and Lawndale avenue. -a 

E 



CO 

o 



We have been expecting the people to rise in protest a^inst t^® ^^^ company 
which is treating us in a manner it would not dare employ in other districts S 
of the city, *»^ 

As no loud action has been taken we thought that the company had already made 
preparations for redress , and that on Lawndale avenue there are more cars in 
operation now than the usual two pitiful ramshackle carriages. But we have 
convinced ourselves that this is not the. case. 



I D 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dermi Hlasatel t Dec. 30, 1909. S 

5 

Not only has the service not improved, but things have gone from bad to worse. r~ 
Formerly there were at least two cars working days and Sundays; now the con^sany -o 
gends out two cars mornings and evenings, during the rush hours, but only one o 
between, and one car only on Sundays. ^ 

g 
Obviously the company would like to dispense with the car-line altogether, if <^ 
it were not afraid of losing the right of way. But according to all indications 
the company need not fear anything even in this resepct. Nobody files a com- 
plaint against it even now, when the time is ripe for action, and so probably 
no one would cou^lain even if no cars were being operated at all. And, may be, 
that would do better. The time spent on waiting could be better used for walking 
the short distance. 



I D- 1 a BOHEMIAN 

X f 5 

jjj ^ Denni ELasatel , Nov, 28, 1909. 

IV 

IV (Jewish) CZECH TAXPAYERS VS. CORPORATION 

p. 2 — The long drawn fight of the taxpayers of Volesna against the 
Barrett Company ended in Judge Chettlain's court last night with a vic- 
tory for the taxpayers. Volesna is the name of a Bohemian district 
between Sacramento avenue and Troy street, from Twenty-Eighth street r^ 
to the Canal* As is known to oiir readers from former reports, the jj^ 
Barrett Company, a concern manufacturing tar paper, "bought lots on «i 
Sacramento avenue, and immediately began to fence in the property, thereby r" 
closing the traffic on several streets. The taxpayers rose in protest ^ 
not only against the clogging of the streets, but against the erection 
of a tar factory in their neighborhood as well* At a few meetings, held 
in Mrasek's hall, the ways and means to oppose the rich corporation were ^ 
discussed, Anton Cermak, alderman of the Twelfth ward, and Michael Zimmer, t^ 
sheriff of Cook county, attending. It was decided to place the case in 
the care of attorney Joseph Sabath,and to continue the uneven struggle 
in the courts. Mr* Sabath instantly established contact with the city 
attorney, who proceeded by filing suit to keep the Barrett Company from 
obstxnjcting traffic, and to prevent the use of the property acquired for 
the manufacture of tar* At the first hearing the court, overruling the 



re- 






I D 1 a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Nov, 28, 1909» 

objections of the defendants, granted permission to attorney Sabath to 
function as special city attorney in this case* 

In its findings the coxirt acknowledged the right of the city to the property 

prior to the purchase, thereby annulling the sale of the lots, and restoring g 

them to public oimership* The Barrett Company was instructed to clear the :,^ 

streets for traffic. Attorney Sabath requested that a lot, which had been pZ 

selected for a small park prior to the purchase, be relinquished by the "^ 

Barrett Company* The attorney for the latter, however, refused on the g 

grounds that no definite agreement has been reached as yet between his client ^ 

and certain property owners as to the space necessary for the monument of a ^ 

man who lays claim to popularity and leadership in the neighborhood* o:' 




I. AITiroDES 
D. Economic 
Organization 

1. Capitalistic Enterprise 
b. Small Business 



I D 1 b 

I F 6 
I G 



jOHSHIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 7, 1917, 
AGAHTST FOOD SPECUIATORS 



Speculation in food articles is becoming rampant. The constantly grovving 
demand for these com:iodities has been seized by dealers, and producers 
have an opportunity for flagrant profiteering. These methods should be 
taken under the limelight and treated accordingly. 

Voices from all directions are grov/ing louder, demanding that the board 
of trade speculations be restricted to cases where actual stock or supply 
is on hand. Some proposals tend to completely forbid speculation in foods 
on the board of trade. 




I D 1 b BOHEMIAH 

Dennl Hlasatel « Aug. 26, 1911. 

INCORPORATIQIT 

The Secretary of State issued a licenae to the Ginger Julep Conrpany, Capital 
stock $5,000, Incorporators are Edward J. Snejkal, Joseph Kleriha, and 
Adolph J. Krasa. 




I D 1 b BOHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Aug. 18, 1911. 

_^TS FOR SAI^ 

(Advertisement) 

From the Tovm of Lake. 

Fifty dollars cash, balance on easy monthly payments will buy lots on 
47th Street, and 47th Place between Jestem Avenue, and Campbell Avenue. 
For sale only by Joseph F. Triska & Co., 1945 W. 47th St, 




I D 1 b BOEBa,aAN 

Dennl HLasatel , May 4, 1911. 

LAIE)LORDS» ASSOCIATION 

(Advertisement) 

No better method for the dispossession of undesirable tenants can be found 
than that offered by the Smolik's Landlords* Association (not inc.). The 
main purpose of the Association is to cause the removal of the undesirable 
tenants without the loss of much time and expense, .7e write notices to 
vacate free of charge, and advise you about all property matters. D. C, 
Jones, and a Bphemian lawyer, Otto Kerner, are legal representatives of the 
Association. Membership fee is only one dollar a ye€ir. The main office, 
with Frank J. Smolik in charge, is located at 1852 South Centre Avenue. 
(Hacine Avenue now. ) 






I D 1 b BOHB.:IAN 

Denni Hlftsatel , Feb. 3, 1909. 

BOHailAN-AHERICM CAPITiX IN JEOPARDY 

"If we cannot have on hand at least $10,000 by Friday evening, our business 
will be ruined,* proclaimed the chairman of the Bohemian corporation known 
as the Hudson Coal Ccnpejiy last night. The concern owns coal mines in Indiana. 
This portentous message Yre.s, however, no news, as rumors to that effect had 
been current for a week and had been discussed at a meeting of the concern 
held in the Bohemian-American Hall, on Tfest Eighteenth Street. 



O 
CO 



(X 



"C 



Another meeting is called for Friday in which the stockholders of the Hudson ee 
Coal Co. are to decide whether to produce the ^10*000 i^ question, since they 
had on former occasions deposited abcut $125,000 for the enterprise, or to 
leave the business to its fate; end there is little doubt that the concern 
will perish if the money is not raised. This would mean a terrible blow for ^ 
the stockholders, who number one hundred end forty, and some of whom h3.ve 
risked their entire savings, ranging from five hundred to sixteen hundred 
dollars. 

We do not want *to write of this natter in any other way than that in which it 



I D 1 b - 2 - BCH3vIIM 



I 



Denni Hlasatel , Feb. '3, 1909 

was treated at the meeting of the directors. We are merely pointing to the 
severe setback that Bohemien-Zouerican enterprise shall suffer, if the worst 
is to happen, and to the concomitant misfortunes for so many fsjnilies. ^^ 

At the first meeting called Friday last week, Mr. Vrba after the necessary ^ 
explanatory remarks, ceded the floor to LIr. Yfinternitz , the secretary, for the o 
report on the financial condition of the Hudson Coal Co. According to this o. 
report the assets are valued at $151, tOO, including stock as yet unsold to the .3" 
amount of 045,000. The mines had been purchased for §125, 000 two years ago; ^ 
debts accrued were backed by first mortgage collaterals for $40,000; $10,000 < 
on the mortgage Yre.s paid, leaving a mortgage of $30,000, owned by J. V/. ss 
Rooth of Terre Haute, Indiana, on the property. 

There is a host of creditors whose claims demand immediate satisfaction; for 
instance, miners with impaid v/ages to the anoxmt of $5,i''00; rentals for twenty 
small houses; taxes and other items, such as $2,000 for powder. The mines are 
not in operation now as the miners have not been paid for fourteen days and 
conforming with previous agreements have ceased to work. 



I D 1 b - 3 - 

Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 3, 1909 



BOHS'IAN 



Commenting on these ocnditicns Mr* Winternitz said: "The main reason for our 
predicament is to be found in the manner in which we started, that is, with- 
out money, which also caused the downfall of other Eohemien ventures into the 
realm of business. We are paying $6,000 in interest, which net only takes 
away the profit but is also steadily eating up our capital. It seems that fate 

is against us* «o 

r«» 

"First our property W8.s d©mo.ged by fire, then we went thru a costly period of *^? 
strikes and finally we had to buy our own money. Thus, for instance, we sold o 
coal to a finn on a sixty-day basis; as in the meantime we lacked the money Q- 
for wcges, we had to grant heavy disccunts to induce the firm to pay before U 
due time. On another occasion we sold cur claims to professional collectors -rz- 
at a commission of two percent of our earnings per month, amounting to twenty-t? 
four per cent per year. This is the price we paid for our ovm money. Time % 
also h©.d worked against us. We were producing from five tc seven hundred tons 
of coal per day; then mild weather continually forced us to sell at a loss." 



I D 1 b - 4 - BOHEIvIIAU 

Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 3, 1909. 

Mr. Zahrobnik st&ted that the compejiy had been in the hands of dishonest 
managers until the arrival of Mr. Vrba. 

The only final decision reached was to send ^400 in order to forestall the 
loss of utensils. The meeting which has been called for Friday next will 
have fateful results. 






f 






f 



I D 1 b 


II A 2 


IT. 


II D 1 


III c- 


I C 


I P 1 


I Z 



BOHBMIAy 
The Chicago Tribune. Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

MANNERS AND CUSTOMS 0? THS BOHEMIAN POBTION 07 
THE CITY'S POPULATION. THEY ABE INDUSTRIOUS. 
THEiyTY AND GENERALLY OP A MOST PEACEABLE 
DISPOSITION. A COJ^JIUNITY THAT IS RAPIDLY 
GROWING RICH BY THS EFFORTS OP ITS INDIVIDUALS. 

There Is probably no more Interesting and progressive section of Chicago's 
forelgi population than that Inhabited by the Bohemians. Some years ago there 
was a decided prejudice against them on the part of American worklngmen and 
capitalists. They took a very active part In the strikes and riots here some 
iig^t years ago, and they established a Socialistic propaganda nhich was far 
from being popular. They so fair succeeded in carrying their ideas into effect 
that they were the ringleaders of the strikes, and they elected four of their 
nominees - not all of them Bohemians, however, to the Chicago Common Council. 
One of the most active among them at the time was Belohradsky, who Is now 
living in Texas. Another so-called leader was Leo Mellbeck, Alderman and 



ID lb -3. BOHEMIiH 

II ▲ 2 

I Y The Chicago Trlbane> Vol. XL7I, Uarch 7, 1886 

II 1 

III C legislator, who afterwards comnltted suicide uhlle acting as 
I Pablic Library attendant* Frank Stanber and J« J. Altpeter 
17 1 were also elected to the council as represnitatiTes of the 

I X Gernan and Bohemian Socialistic elements, as was Christian 

Ueier* It is only fair to say, however, about Staaber and 
Altpstsr that there have been few more conscientious councilmen than th«y* But 
as before stated, the Bohemians lost caste about the time alluded to on account 
of their Socialistic tendencies and "striking" propensities* llhen they first caae 
to America they were willing to work for almost anything* They would underbid 
the Irish and German and American workingmen, and naturally evoked considerable 
hostility against themselves as a resolt* They were to suffer for this, and 
were, in fact, looked down on as outcasts, and not entitled to much sympathy* 
then they took to striking and communism they were cursed up hill and down dale 
by employers and enqployees* Latterly all this has changed, and in the lumber 
and furniture manufacturing regions, where they are now esiployed, they are looked 
iQxm as some of the thriftiest members of the community, useful citizens, 
e«4>able and efficient workingmen and large contributors to the wealth and 
growth of Chicago* 



X 1 T> -3* BOHagAM 

TTTT . 

Z T The Chicago Tribune. Vol* XLTX, March 7, 1886 

XI D 1 

III The First Bohemian Inmigrante* 

X C 

I f I The first Bohemian ioaigration to Chlea^o began about the year 

I E 1848 - "the year of rerolution"* The Czechs rose in rebellion 

ai;alnst the Austrian authorities, with shorn they hare never been 
on good terms, but were speedily suppressed by the Superor and his amy* Those 
iriio were pr<Md.nent in the rebellion had to flee the country* Most of them eajM 
to America, some of them settling in Uontreal, where they engaged largely in the 
eigar-making business* The Bohemian emlgz^tion was at first about the rate of 
6,000 per year. In 1878, 1879 and 1880 it reached probably 10,000 per annum* 
It has fallen off again to 6,000* Host of those who caaie here were farmers, 
farm laborers, workers in wood, or wearers • usually carpet and cotton weavers* 
Those of them irtio located in Chicago settled down in the lumber region of the 
Sixth and Sl^th wards* Some settled in the hardwood region of the ?ourte«Eith 
Ward* 7* B, Zdrubek, editor of the Bohemian daily piqper the STomost. estimates 
the Bohemian population of Chicago now at 40,000 at least* He estimates the 
entire Bohemians of America at 20,000* Outside of this city 



I D 1 b -«- BOHEMIAJSr 

II A 2 

I V The Chicago Tribune , Vol, XLVI, March 7, 1886 

II D 1 

III C they are located in Nebraska, Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin 
I C on farms. Of the 40,000 in Chicago 26,000 are in the Sixth 

I F 1 Ward, 9,000 in the Seventh and Ei^th Wards, along Canal Street 

I K and Blue Island avenue principally, and about 5,000 are in the 
Fourteenth Ward, 

Lumber Workers and Furniture Men, 

They readily find employment in the lumber yards and furniture factories. The 
lumber merchants say they are steady, faithful workingmen. They are constant, 
but they do not zush matters. The ordinary pay is about 15 cents per hour, thou^ 
they get as hi^ as 20 cents. They have practically driven out Irish and German 
lumbermen. The latter will not work by the hour. They work by the piece - by 
contract - and are not satisfied unless they make from 40 to 50 cents per hour. 
At Harvey's, where the foreman, John Eallal, is a Bohemian, very few of the 
Bohemians are employed. The same is true of Hatch and Keith's, At Beldler's 
Germans seem to have preference. But as a rule the Bohemians have the call. 
Many of them are excellent cabinetmakers and upholsterers. They nake from 



ID lb -5- BQHEMIAH 

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I V The Chicago Tribune , Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

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III C 35 to 40 cents per hour at this trade. They £U>e nearly alwaye 
I C at work - always driving at something. Their wives and the 

17 1 members of their families are also employed washing for families, 

I K tailoring, etc. Any person who goes into the Bohemian district 

will encounter some Bohemian. man or woman in every block loaded 
down with bundles of pantaloons or vests on the way to some down-town clothing 
house. The housewife usually employs four or five girls at this work. The 
girls make from $5* to $6. per week, and their employers make a handsome profit. 
The practice which prevailed in Bohemian regions some time ago, of sending the 
women around to pick up shavings and kindling wood is fast dying out. The 
women's time is more valuable noi^ar-days and begging is unknown among them. 
The Italians appear to have a monopoly of that. The "dagos' can be even 
encoiintered in the Bohemian quarter plying their vocation. 

Oetting Rich. 

People so hard working and so thrifty as the Bohemians cannot but p|70sper. The 
Bohemian quarter in the Sixth Ward is certainly a credit to their industry and 
seal. There is not a more cleanly or better built workingmen's section in 



I D 1 b -&> BOHEMIAN 

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Chicago. The district ttest of Halsted to Latrndale, eouth of 
Sixteenth to Twenty- second Street, is "built up with comfortable 
three-story brick dwellings and stores, nearly all of them owned 
by the Bohemians. The bxilldlngs occupy nearly the entire 
length of the lot. They are all neat and substantial, althou^ - 
there is some degree of sameness in the plan of building. Portions of some are 
frame structures pushed back on the lot and built up in front. All are neatly 
painted and have a ^olesome and healthy appearance. Along Sixteenth, Nineteenth, 
Twenty-first, Centre Avenue, Throop Street, Ashland Avenue, Blue Island, Wood 
Street, Hoyne Avenue, the stznictures are very fine; the stores are especially 
substantially built and commodious, and would reflect credit on any part of 
Chicago. From a sanitary point they are all rl^t too, thou^ perhaps there 
is too much crowding. Nearly every floor has three families. This is not 
always conducive to moredity, it is claimed. The Bohemians, as is well known, 
are very fond of soups. The odor from that article of food is not always the 
most pleasant. But, on the whole, there is little cauxe of complaint nowadays. 
Being 80 very frugal they do not buy the best cuts of meat, but they buy good 
cuts. Mr. Curran of Curran and Delany, who do an extenslre trade with the Czechs, 



I D 1 b -7- BOSailiH 

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I Y The Chicago Tribune , Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

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III C says they always buy good hut not the best meats, and they are 

I C excellent at paying. They always come to time trlth their bills* 

I F 1 They are good customers and not in the least clannish. Very many 
IX of them are in the butcher line themselves, and thoii^ there are 

some in the saloon line, there are not many. The editors of the 
Svomost say there are only about fifty in the "Cesky vinopulna line" (Bohemian 
distillery). There are almost as many in the drug store business. Quite a 
number are also in the carpet- weaving and clothing trades. Nearly all of them 
are making money. It is estimated that at least 60 per cent of the Bohemians are 
property owners. They have twelve building societies, with an average membership 
to each society of 700, euad Mr. Cermak, one of the editors of the Svomost says 
that the weekly receipts from each society varies from $600 to $900. Besides, there 
are a number of men who are not members of those societies who are large property 
owners; William Kaspar is reported to be worth $100,000. John Kallal is a 
member of the firm of T. W. Harvey and Company. Dr. Kadlec of the Public Library 
Board; Prank Fuclk, the West Town Clerk; John Matuska of MatuUca and Craig, 
the furniture dealers; and several others well-to-do. The editor of Svomost 
publishes besides the daily, two weekly papers, the Amerikan Mondays and the 
Prilcha Duchu Casu Sundays. Besides, he publishes quite a number of books and 

f 



I D 1 t -8- BOHmaAN 

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I V The Chicago frlbone. Vol, XL71, March 7, 1886 

II D 1 

III C pamphlets, and his estahlishment on South Canal Street is well 

I C stocked. He employs about fifteen typesetters. Nearly all of the 

17 1 Bohemians can read and write their own language. Their public 

I K school system in the old country is conducted almost entirely "by 

the priests. In this country the priests try to control the 
education, hut the liberal thinkers' society - the C. S. P. S. (Czecho^ Slovak 
Benevolent Society) - which has a membership of 2,000 in this city, stoutly 
opposes. The C. S. P. S. "by the way, has a magnificent hall and school in the 
Eighteenth Street. The organization is condemned by the church, but it flourishes. 
The editor of the Svomost seems to be the leading spirit in it. Liberal thought 
has been a phase of Bohemian public life since the time of John Hues. The 
attendance at the Catholic schools - there are three of them - is quite large. 
They are taught by the sisters. The children in attendance are all neatly and 
comfortably clad. They seem to run to bri^t colors. Every one wears a bright 
red hood, strong, thick-soled shoes, and a comfortable calico dress with 
abiindance of petticoats. The Bohemian attendance at the public schools la 
also quite large, especially at the Throop, Longfellow and .Garfield 



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schools. Pew, hotrever, remain to complete the Grammar School 
course* The yoting women nearly all marry early. There is a 
disposition among the boys to be somewhat wild. This is 
especially the case with those of them who get to have a 
contempt for their parents and their parents' country. There 
are three Bohemian Catholic churches, one in the Fifth Ward, one in the Sixth 
Ward and one in the Ei^th. Vearly all the women attend church while not more 
than half the men do so. John Kallal, , already alluded to, is the leading 
Catholic layman. There are three theatres and about a dozen Bohemian halls. 
There is usually theatrical entertainment every night, and there is sure to be 
a dance every Saturday. At these dances some of the young Bohenians are apt 
to be boisterous, but as a rule they are well conducted, and tfaere is little 
trouble. 

Habits and Mode of Life* 

There is an isrpression abroad that the Bohemians are slovenly in their habits. 
This is not the case. On the contrary they are clean and tidy as a rule. The 



IP IB -10- BQHBaAN 

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I V The Chicago Tribune . Vol, XLVI, March 7, 1886 

II D 1 

III C women egpeclallj are very cleanly. They get on very well with 

I C their neig^hors. Since Sadowa there has been some feeling between 

I T 1 them and the Germans, hut It Is dying out. They take very kindly 

IE to the Poles. The Irish do not play them fair in poll tics* 

they say, and there is a tendency among them to he more self 
assertive. They like Cullerton because he attends to ward Improvements, but 
they are down on Lawler for many reasons, thougb Prank appointed a leading 
Bohemian sub-Postmaster of the Southwest district. The leaders among them 
say that they will demand a better representation among the political parties 
in the futtu'e. They have a sort of natural penchant for politics. They manage 
to secxire representation in all the principal offices in town. They claim from 
6,000 to 7,000 votes, though this is probably an exaggerated estimate. They 
claim a population of but 40,00 altogether, and as they have abnormally large 
families, and, as many of them neglect to take out naturalization papers, 6,000 
or 7,000 is too hi^ an estimate. They have very nearly a majority, however, 
in the Sixth Ward. Hitherto they have acted with the Democrats, but the leading 
ones among them, with the exception of Eallal , Schlessinger and Nikodeun, say 
they are tired of the Democratic party, particularly of the Harrisonian branch 



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of It. They assert that they have been victimized. by the 
contractors In street-paving johs, and, ri^tly or wrongly, 
they hold administration responsible therefor. They sJ-so 
complain of the espionage of the police. As a usual thing the 
Bohemians are orderly and law-abiding - they are, as stated 
before, a little boisterous at their society meetings when they indrdge too 
freely in beer, which they too often do, and the policemen are too apt to use 
their clubs on them. There is a general impression, too, that the women are 
80 desirous of getting rich that they do not know the difference between "mine 
and thine" very frequently. This is pronounced a gross slander, however, by 
the Bohemians themselves, who complain that the police treat them harshly, 
spread false reports about them and allow young tou^s to break into their 
amusement halls, where the aforesaid tou^s insult the women. This is especially 
the case at the Bohemian Hall on Taylor Street, near Canal, and frequent 
fl^ts result as a consequence. In the Sixth Ward places of entertainment 
the Bohemians are amply able to take care of themselves. 



I D 1 b -13- BOHEMIAN 

II A 2 

I V The Chicago Trlbxine , Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

II D 1 

III C The Loafers Among Them. 
I C 

17 1 It is very notlceahle that they do not loaf about saloons to any 

I Z great extent. The present is a very dull time in the lumber region, 

and many hundred men are Idle there, but in the Bohemian saloons 
in the vicinity very few men are to be fo\ind. They devote much of their time 
noTF-a-days to improving their buildings, constructing sidewalks, and clearing 
away rubbish or assisting their industrious wives. They are seldom found idle. 
Two young men met on Twenty-second Street last Thursday were asked why they 
were not at work, "No work to do", they replied. No house - no work now". 
They went on to explain as best th^ could that they had been in search of work« 

Besides the religious, anti-religious and building societies, the Bohemians have 
also several gyiqnastic societies. They practice nearly every night. They are 
very athletic fellows althou^ they are not quick. For persons who are such 
skilled tailors they display very poor taste in dressing. The men's clothing 
is generally speaking, coarse and badly fitting, the pantaloons bag at the knees 



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and are many Inches too short, \ihlle the shoes are coarse and 
heavy. They are a healthy race, thou^ there is considerable 
Bortallty among the children in susuner, very likely due to 
overcrowding and the neglect of other sanitary regulations* 
Thou^ they have prospered in Chicatgo there is a general tendency 
among those \fho have ready cash or t^o can dispose of their property, to leave 
here and go to live on farms. Their papers here are filled with advertisements 
of farms for sale in Nebraska, Dakota, Texas, and parts of Wisconsin, and there 
are a couple of farm agencies here doing a big business. For this and other 
reasons it is not likely that the Bohemian population of Chicago will increase 
to any great extent in the future, though they are a prolific race, and many 
of those who go to farming return in a few years. The Bohemian quarter of the 
Sixth Ward is now nearly built up. The Scandinavians are crowding in on them 
west of Ashland Avenue, in what is called the Stockholm region. The iTimber 
business there is not expanding. Much of it is likely to go to South Chicago, 
and the furniture factories are already crowded. As small traders they do not 
make much headway, their trade being confined mostly to people of their own 
nationality. The extension of the tracks of the West Division Railway Company 



I D 1 b -14- BOHEMIAN 

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I V The Chicago Tribune . Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

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III C. on West Nineteenth Street, will open up some new territory, bat 
I C not a great amount. The building societies of the region have 
I F 1 practically done their work. Very few dwellings are going up 

I K now. Nearly all are three and four story store buildings of a 

very substantial character. The Bohemian are not the only 

buildings, however. The Germans and the Hebrews are doing more than their share. * 

Religious Opinion 

It Is curious that, thou^ there are very many Bohemian Jews in this city the 
relation between them and the Bohemian Christians appear to be far from cordled; 
and the Catholic Bohemians and the libereil thinkers appear to cordially hate each 
other. The liberal thinkers seem to be the most prosperous, and also to be the 
better educated. They seem to have a decided preference for Voltaire, HuxLey, 
Darwin and two or three of their own writers. Their literature is not extensive. 
The women have two or three societies of their own, and, strange as It may seem 
In women, the societies are not of a religious character. It Is a mistake thou^, 
to suppose that the Bohemians as a whole are not religious people. Of the 40,000 



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who live here more than two-thirds attend church some time or 
other. The average Sunday attendance at the church at the 
comer of Allport Avenue and Sixteenth Street is ahout 6,000, 
Twice that number of different persons attend daring the year. 
The attendance at the DeKoven church nujnbers about 4,000 on the 
average, and the attendance at the Portland Avenue Church in the Fifth Ward is 
about 2,500, The Bohemians of the Fourteenth Ward attend the Polish church. The 
pastors pay great attention to the societies belonging to the church, and devote 
their entire energies to keeping them intact. Among no foreign nationality is 
there such pronounced hostility to formal religion, and it requires all the zeal 
of the clergymen to combat this, 

Mr, Frank Fucik, a well-known Bobeaian of the Seventh Ward, said yesterday, in 
relation to the building societies and other matters: "The district between 
Halsted Street and Ashland Avenue is now almost built up, and the Bohemians are 
beginning to build in the district between Ashland and Western Avenues, The 
Scandinavians are also building in there, but west of the lime kiln on Hoyne 
Avenue and thereabouts the Bohemians seem to have it all to themselves. 



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I D 1 b -16- BQHEMIAU 

The Chicago Trllnme , Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

Value of Their Property 

"Uhat is the V£j.ue of their property? I heard it estimated at 
$20,000,000, hut that is an exaggeration, perhaps. They own at 
least $16,000,000 worth of property in Chicago, They seldom 
send money to the old country, except for the purpose of assisting relatives to 
come out. What they earn they keep here. It is a mistake to think that the 
Bohemians are only common laborers and wood-ahovers. They are blacksmiths, 
watchmakers, and wood-turners, etc. Those along Canal Street, Canalport Avenue 
and Blue Island Avenue work at various mechanical trades. They work at the 
manufacture of American cutlery to a very large extent, and they are all steady, 
sober, active men. They have frequently been slandered because they have not 
been understood," 

"To vrhom do the house-owners rent"? njo people of all nationalities - generally to 
their own countrymen though. They usually get $7 or $8 for three rooms, A good 
proportion of the rent goes for a time to pay interest. The death rate is as 
low in the Boh4mian qxiarter as in any other portion of the city. 



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The Chicago Trlfaine . Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

Their homes look as neat and as clean. Thegr appear clean theio- 
selves, and I dont think there is the least ground for prejudice 
against them now," 

Mr, Chatfield of the firm of Street, Chatfield and Keep, lumber 
dealers, who traveled through Bohemia, said that in their native coiontry the 
Bohemians appear to be industrious, frugal, hard-working people* Like the Irish 
they did not like their form of government. There have been frequent uprisings. 
They seemed to be of considerable political and intellectual force in their native 
country. He considered them a very valuable portion of the population. He had 
heard few things derogatory to them. 

A three days* sojourn in their midst was convincing as to their thrift, their 
industry, their cleanly habits, their generally high moral character, their 
saving habits and their intellectual advancement. They usually make good 
citizens; they have aided more than any other class of the popxilation in 
building up the best portion of the southwestern district of the city; they 
have done their part by their labor in adding to the material prosperity of the 



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I 7 The Chicago Trfbune. Vol. XLVI, March 7, 1886 

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III C city in adding to its taxable value. They are excellent members 
I C of society, and they and their children have done and will no 

I P 1 doubt continue to do their full duty towards the great city which 

I K they have chosen for their future home. 



I. ATTITUIES 
D* Economic 
Or^nlzatlon 
2. Labor Orsanlzation & Activities 
a. Unions 

(1) Coopaoy 



I D 2 a (1) gCHSTUAIT 

I F 3 

I F 6 Deiml Hlasatel , Ivlar. 12, 1911. 

I H 

A FITTniG REPLY TO THE CnJI.SY ATTACIS OF THE TYPOGRAFH 
AGAINST THE BOHEMIAN PRDiTING TRADES CENTRAL UNION 

Recently, we published in this paper a communication in which we 
portrayed in the proper light the attacks of the International 
Typographical Union No. 330 directed against our union, and at the 
same time we called attention to the unprincipled actions of the 
said International Typographical Union. 

In the latest issue of the Typo graph , the masters are replying to us, 
but in such a manner as is not customary among decent people. Or are 
such expressions used among decent people as: "scamp," "driveling," 
"toad," and others, which cannot be published here? Vie expected a 
real argtment, but experienced only insults. He made known a whole 
list of true examples of the rottenness of that xinion, and instead of 
answering us fittingly, they haughtily and snobbishly say that they 




ID 2a (1 ) - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

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I F 6 Denni Hlasatel . I&blt. 12, 1911, 

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will not go to scabs for advice. They lie, and try to 
squirm out, but at the same time, in their reply to Spi^vedlnost , 
convict themselves of lying. 

For the sake of interest and judgment, as to whether or not we were 
right when we iin'ote about "union" conditions in print-shops coming 
under the jurisdiction of the International Typographical Union No. 
330, we bring the following for consideration: Although Typograph 
in past issues called attention to the ugly conditions existing in 
the shop of Spravedlnost about which the secretary of the Allied 
Printing Trades Council, Ilr, Straub, said that they are worse than 
scabs, that organ in its last issue states that it pictured those 
incidents in a manner almost too mild. Suppose then, if T^^ograph 
were to tell the whole truth, then some pretty deeds would be brought 
into the open, Typograph also accuses Spravedlnost of deceiving the 
public when it says that the printing pleuit and Spravedlnost are 




I D 2 a (1 ) - 3 - EOHSiaAN 

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I F 6 Denni Hlasatel , liar. 12, 1911. 

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. \mdertakings of all progressive organized Bohemian labor. 
The International Typographical Union, ivith which Spravedlnost has an 
agreement, and which is certainly aware of the conditions existing in 
the shop of Spravedlnost , declares the claim of Spravedlnost is utterly 
false, and that the print-shop and Spravedlnost are really the joint 
enterprise of the Bohemian socialist section, which is still a long 
way from being the representative of all progressive organized labor. 

Further, Typograph points out that Spravedlnost is not sure that the 
printing label will not be taken away from it, because the minutes of 
the International Typographical Union are full of notations about the 
violation of union regulations by Spravedlnost . Also a member of the 
International Union, llr, I.^ejdrich, admits that he once struck the former 
president of the Board of Directors of Spravedlnost . when that gentleman 
accused the typesetters of robbing the shop, and throv/ing away good type 
which was not worn out. A fine example of brotherly workingmen*s action, 



I D 2 a (1 ) - 4 - BOHEITIAN 

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I F 6 Denni Illasatel . Liar. 12, 1911, 

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is it not? 

Also, it appears from these accusations that the full manifestation by 
the Central Unity of Bohemian tnions was misused so that the associates 
could draw commissions for themselves. Typesetters working for 
Spravedlnost do not receive the wage set up by the Union. They work 
longer hours than the Union pernits and that for scab wages. In 
addition to this, the workers are compelled to contribute to the so 
called **workingmen's'* newspaper, Spravedlnost , 

V/ell then, gentlemen, why do you become excited when your inconsistency 
is admitted by yourselves? Or do you suppose that when you write "that 
it is not possible for you to disprove the mass of li«a and slander," 
the whole matter will be settled? You are very much in error when you 
say that the Bohemian Printing Trades Central Union was founded at the 
request of the employers. To that we reply: The Boheauian Printing 



/^ 



o 



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I D 2 a (1 ) - 5 - BOHai:iAU 

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I F 6 Denni Hlasatel . Kslt, 12, 1911. 

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Trades Central Union was founded through necessity, so as to 
resist the often nonsensical orders and fancies of various self-styled 
saviors of workingmen, whom Haywood so excellently characterized in 
his lectures, 

Bohemian workingmen are, and always will be, so mature that they know 
what they should do, v/ithout the necessity of having any such overlords 
above them as are needed by the gentlemen in the International Typo- 
graphic Union, who need some kind of a "sanctus spiritus" for every 
trifle, without the help of which they would soon be at the end of 
their resources. 

Further, you write that the scabs of Svornost and lUasatel are impatiently 
waiting to take in the members whom you expel*. ISany thanks, gentlemen. 
We are not so greedy for numbers, a fact which you will readily agree 
and recognize from the fact that we have raised the initiation fee for 




I D 2 a (1 ) - 6 - DCHBJJIAN 

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I F 6 Dennl Hlasatel . liar. 12, 1911. 

I H 

our union to twenty-five dollars. If we fonnerly accepted 
every member expelled by you, you did likewise with our expelled members. 
Or do you wish to have proof that you have members who formerly were 
zealous workers in our union? Also, we did not write that the former 
vice-president of the International Typographical Union worked for the 
I'iational Printing Company for eighteen dollars per week when he should 
have been getting twenty-seven dollars per week. That is an error on 
your part. Your colleague, who worked in a certain shop in Bohemian 
California for eighteen dollars a week is the one to whom we refer. 
If you want to know his name, your present president, ilr, Aug, Capek, 
can give you the information. We congratulate you upon having him, 
Vife add: how can there be any talk of lying and slander? Isn*t it 
really slander on your part when you denounce and insult the executive 
committee of our Bohemian Printing Trades Union? Do you not condemn 
yourselves by such action? How can you write that our secretary was 
expelled and fined by your union, when the truth is that he resigned. 




I D 2 a (1 ) - 7 - B0H3!.^IAN 

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I F 6 Dermi Hlasatel . I^r. 12, 1911. 

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willingly, from your union? And when someone resigns, can 
they still be expelled and fined? Perhaps only by you, gentleraenl 
Just a few more words. You call our union a "Bosses' Union." We 
have disproved your false assertion, and v;e know that the International 
Typographical Union No. 330 includes among its members four proprietors 
of printing plants, and about twenty-five shareholders of the national 
Printing Company. Therefore, more than half of all members of your 
union are "bosses." .'/a, the members of Bohemian Printing Trades Union, 
wish you consolation, after a long groping in the dark. You will 
recognize, yes, indeed, that while they were motibers of your union, 
they vjere groping in the dark, but nov/ they go by daylight, of that we 
assure you. In so far as your threat to pillory of every individual 
connected with our union is concerned, we are at your disposal. V/e 
add however, that on that pillory there will be room enough for many 
members of the International Typographical Union Ko. 330. 




I D 2 a (1 ) - 8 - BOHSI.TIAN 

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I F 6 Deiml Hlasatel . ilar. 12, 1911. 

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We must not pass by your naive raention about machinists. 
According to you, machinists are unnecessary in a print-shop. IVhy 
then, do you have rules requiring a machinist for each three type- 
setting machines? Or why are there inachinsts in every larger 
English establishment? V/elll that remuneration which your colleagues 
receive for the function of machinists is darned small. That the 
members of your union are so thoroughly familiar with typesetting 
machines and those of our union are not, well, that is very easily 
said, using your own words, but it would be hard to prove. \'!e advise 
you sincerely, gentlemen, don*t lie, don*t slander, and don*t look for 
splinters in your neighbors eye when you have a regular log in your 
own. '.'ie urf-e you to learn decency. Speaking of the members of our 
union who "chip in" quarters for beer, as far as that is concerned, 
what of it? At least they drink at their own expense, while somewhere 
else the drinking is done at the expense of the International Union. 
That is the only difference between the two cases. 




I D 2 a (1 ) - 9 - EOmaJAN 

I F 2 

I F 6 

I H Denni Hlasatel . I-Iar. 12, 1911. 

Farther, we remind you gentlemen that our organization committee is 
in no sense a secret body, at least not to the extent that your 
committee is. V/e will add only that just as soon as the names of 
your committee members are signed in full, our six member organizing 
committee vjill not hesitate a minute to do likewise. 

Every non-partisan and reasonable man who knows conditions as they 
exist between the publishers of Hlasatel and Svornost and their 
employees, who are fully satisfied with their jobs, union wages, and 
union working conditions, will arrive at the point of view that the 
Central Bohemian Printing Trades Union deserves the support of every 
countryman. 

Organization Committee. 




:. ATTITUDES 
D. Economic 
Organization 
2. Labor Organization 
& Activities 
a. Unions 
(2) Craft 



i 



I. D £ a (8) BOHEMIAN 

IE 

IT Dimi HIaaaf 1. May 19, 1914« 

^OORT TRIAL 0? PICHA AND BERAN^ 

B«for« a jury In Judge Bowles's orlmlnal seetion of the Ifunlcipal Court in 
the City Hall, the case of Mr. Karel Vondras, a baker residing at 1540 West ri 
18th Street, rersas the editor-in-ohief , Earel H« Beranek, of the daily ':$ 
SpraTedlnost and Earel Fioha, one of the prinoipal leaders in the camp of -p 
the "reds", was decided against the latter two, and the lecture irtiich they r; 
reeexved will not soon be forgotten by then. After a conference lasting -o 
two hours, the Jury found the two guilty of criminal libel, and it is now o 
up to the Judge to sentence them. The penalty may amount to as nich as six 
months in Jail, the maximum in this case, and also a maTlm»ni fine of $1,000« 
The Jury was composed of max of intelligenee, and included four unionists, ^ 
one of irtiom was an agent of a carpenters* union* 

After the sentence was banded down, the legal representatives of the defendants 
made it known that they would seek a new trial, and the heeuring of pleas was 
set for Saturday, May 23. If the Judge should refuse the pl9as, the case 
will probably be taken before the Appellate Court. 



CD 



I. D 8 a (8) - 8 - BOHBMIAN 

I £ 

IV Damii Hlasatel , Uay 19, 1914* 

We haTe referred to the substance of the case before. Mr. Vondras claimed 
that he was ylslted by Mr* Ploha, who nas then a business agent for the 
International Bakers* and Confectioners* Union No. 13, and Mr* Picha threat- 
ened to deprire Mr. Vondras of his union label because, as the agent claimed, 
Mr. Vondras had broken the union rules. Mr. Vondras claimed that Mr. Picha ^ 
proposed to "fix" the difficulty for fifty dollars, to which Mr. Vondras ^ 
refused to agree, and Mr. Picha thereupon carried away several boxes of union <=:^ 
labels from Mr. Vondras *s bakeshop. ^ 

In order to ccnform to the rules of the city weighoaster, Mr. Vondras began o 
to paste the labels of the Bohemian Bakers' and Confectioners* Union No* 8 
on his bakery goods. This union is incorporated under state laws and has a 
duly registered tradenaark. »^ 

But with this arrangement, Mr. Vondras fell into disfavor with his comrades, 
irtio began to "fire away at him," as it were, and the brutal acts grew in 
intensity day after day* Many handbills were distributed in irtiich 
Mr. Vondras was pictured as an enemy of union labor; and the Circuit Court 



CO 

o 



I. D 2 a (8) .3- BOHEMIAN 

IB 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Hay 19, 1914. 

was asked to stop Mr. Vondras from using the labels of the Bohemian union, 
because it was claimed that the design is an imitation of the copyrighted 
label of the Inteznationcd. union* Judge Windes decided that the tiro labels 
are of -very different design, and he simply denied the petition of the 
unionists* ^ 

The troiip card played against Mr. Yondras by the SpraTedlnost was in the ^ 
Noyember 23 issue of last year, under the caption, "TseodboroTa Hlidka" C 
(Sentinel of Industry)* In this incendiary article, he was accused of being ^ 
untrue to his customers by his use of counterfeit labels* The writer of this S 
marked and easily discemable Insinuation was, we are told, Mr* Picha; euid 
therefore Mr. Vondras instituted court proceedings for the protection of his 
honor and good name* Mr* Vondras sued not only Mr* Picha, but also the 
editor-in-chief, Karel H* Beranek, who is responsible for the contents of 
the article in the Spravedlnost^ 

Mr* Vondras felt justified in suing these men, because his character as well 
as his business was blighted* Therefore, it was quite natural for him to 



CO 

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I. D 2 a (2) -4- BOHEMIAN 

IE 

17 Demni Hlasatel , Uay 19, 1914. 

0«6k redress in court* 

The action ma broue^t before a Jury in Judge Bowles's court on Friday aTter- 
noon and ended yesterday with the sentencing of the two defendants. 
Mr. Tondras, with the aid of witnesses, proved that he eoqploys members of a 
union lAiieh is duly incorporated and has its authorized trade-mark; that cmy 
falsifying of labels is out of the question* As to the offer of Mr* Picha to F= 
adjust the difficulties for a fifty-dollar consideration, Mr, Vondras had ^ 
witnesses to back up that assertion. The moot point of the correct transla- ^ 
tion of the objectionable words was given to the Jury by the attorney for 
the prosecution, Mr. Jaroslar F. Smetapka, irtiose competence in making tran- 
slations no one could doubt because of his thorough training in both the 
Bohemian and English languages. 

Mr. Beranek for the defense stepped into the witness chair and was followed 
by Professor Jaroslav J. Zrorhal, idio informed the Jury that the translation 
of the objectionable article, as it was arranged by the prosecution, was 
incorrect in substance, and in translation entirely different words could 



(."> 



to 
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6^^ 



I. D 2 a (2) - 5 - BOBSMIAN 

I B 

17 Daaml Hlasatal. Hay 19, 1914* 



^> 



o used — ^words imioh milder in meaning, but expressing the same thought* 
Professor Zmrhal cdso proved himself an authority and master of the tno 
languages, but upon oross -examination by Attorney J« B. Brillow, representing 
Mr. Yondras, Professor Zmrhal had to admit that there was a great differenoe ^ 
between the words "someidiat similar** and ** counterfeit,** and the word '*eounter- ^ 
feit** was used in the article printed in the Spraredlnost. ,^ 



-T3 



From the evidence presented, the members of the Jury became convinced that 

the purpose of the article was to cast suspicion upon the well-meaning ;^ 

baker, Mr. Yondras, and not, as the defense claimed, to show him ujf as an 



C^i 



ro 



enemy of labor. Jor that reason the jury found the two editors of the <=> 
Spravedlnost guilty of defamation of character. 

The defense in this case had no easy work of it, because the sense of the 
flurticle was so clear that its meaning could not have been changed by tech- 
nical subterfuges, and Mr. Picha*8 behavior did not do him credit in the 
least. He wisely refrained from testifying* 



t 



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I D 8 a (2) BOHEMIAN 

II D 5 
II D 4 Dennl Hlasatel. Miay 13, 1914. 

A PROCLAUATIQN TO BOHEMIAN MA3QNS IN CHICAGO 

Dear Brothers! Becatise of the growing number of applicants and cramped 
quarters, it will be necessary to enlarge the present premises of the Cesk^ 
tHulna A SirotSinec (Bohemian Old People's Home and Orphanage)* Ibe members 
of the Vsxie Ceskych Tesaru t Chicago (Union of Bohemian Carpenters of Chicago) 
have agreed to co-operate in the erecting of an addition to the present build- p 
ing and to ask other crafts of the building trades for co-operation* ^ 

cz> 
We therefore make this appeal to oiu!> Bohemian bricklayers, trusting that they ^ 
too will lend a hand in such a noble and humanitarian undertaking* ^ 

CXI 

Do not hesitate, but prove that our section always was and will be among 
those whose help is available to others, when it is really needed* 

Donate one day of work, or a few hours of your services daily, if you can. 
This will, without doubt, help more than collections. 



I D 2 a (2) - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 5 

II D 4 ' Denni Hlasatel . May 13, 1914. 

A meeting whose purpose is to provide a full explanation of our objectives 
and to furnish an opportunity for an exchange of opinions on this matter will 
be held May 17 at 2 P. M, at Mr, Josef Hacha»s, 26th Street and Springfield ^ 
Avenue, The organization committee of Bohemiam bricklayers is expecting a ^ 

large attendance* ..^ 

I — 
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-o 
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I D 2 a (2) BOHEHIAN 

II A 3 b 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 14, 1913. 

F. IHOTAK RE-3LECT3D PRESIDENT OF ALIERIGAN MUSICIANS UNION 

Tbe regular election of officers of the TMion of Merloan M\islclans»a national 
organization with offices on South Clark Street, directly opposite the Federal ^ 
Building, was held last Tuesday, There were two candidates for the office of 5 
president: our countryman, Mr* F. Lhotak, the well -known musician, and a non- -r^ 
Bohemian who had held the office prior to Mr. Lhotdk*s term. F 

~o 
Mr. Lhotak was re-elected by a vote of 326 to 240. To be elected president of o 
a body as large and important as this Union is indeed a signal honor, €uid we ^ 
are happy to be able to congratulate Mr, Lhotak on the confidence and prestige B 
he enjoys among the musicians of America en 



1,0 2 a (g). J. BOHBIJIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Nov. 9, 1913, 
A CALL TO BOHEMLATI BRICKLAYERS 

All Bohenian bricklayers are to report at tlie Bricklayers* Hall at Peoria 
and Monroe Streets today, November 9. Take along your wage book and your 
union card, and be sure to vote the Reform Ticket* If we win, we shall get 
a Bohemian business agent. Do you remember the way a non-Bohemian agent 
dealt with you when you applied for your union card? 

Vie shall also try to take away the automobile from our president. Only its 
repairs cost us thousands of dollars (sic) a year, and with present public 
transportation facilities, an automobile appears to be quite superfluous. 
You will receive your ballots in the Hall* The balloting will take place 
from 9 A. M. to 5 P. M. 

Vote the following ticket: ^le names of eight candidates follow^^/ 

(Signed) The Committee. 



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o 

GO 

rsj 

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C71 



I D 2 a (2) BOHEMIAN 

Denni Elasatel, Dec. 7, 1912# 

sl;.vic bahbers form a rniiv organization 

The meeting of Slavic barbers, about v/hich we already printed a short advance 
notice, v;as held on the premises of Mr. Mlrko Vadjina at 1118 V/est 18th Street, 
in our Pilsen district, last Thursday night. The attendance of barbershop 
owners v/as very large* 

It was agreed that the barbers in this part of the city are unable to raise 
their prices as barbers in other localities do nov^, because their customers are 
almost exclusively v/orkingmen who cannot pay more for their shaves and haircuts 
than they have been paying. Therefore the barbers cannot go along with the 2 
decision of the downtown organization, whose members work under entirely dif- ^ 
ferent conditions, * i^ 



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:s3 



<Ln 



In view of these facts, it was deemed necessary to start a new organization, 
and this action was realized in the meeting, /TJae name of the organization is 
not given_^ 

( 



i 
\ I D 2 a (2) - 2 - BOESl'JJ^ •; 

Denni Hlasatel. Dec. 7, 1912, | 

•Hie following officers were elected: Mirko Vadjina, president; Fr. Kolar, 

vice-president; Enil Kolaf , treasurer. The meeting adopted a resolution I 

signed by Geo. L, Lukic, Jan hiarich, Jos. A. Husek, Fr. Zornak, and Karel f 
Hanpl v/hich, among other matters, sets the v/orking hours as follov/s: Daily 

from 7 A. M, to 9 P. M. , except Saturday, when the shops v/ill be open until ^ I 

11 P. M. , and Simday, v/hen they will be open from 7 A. M, to 12 noon. g i 

The next meeting will be held in the same place on December 12, and its fZ 
organizers hope that the oi»mers of barbershops will attend in large numbers so ""^ 
that the organization can be perfected and put on a firm foundation. g 



I D 2 a (2) BOHEMIAN 

Dennf .Hlasatel. Dec, 6, 1912, 

OUR BUTCH-ilRS' T.-iillTrY-SIX'm AI-2TUAL B/iLL ' ^ 

The Podporujfcf Spolek Plzenskych Sezniku (Pilsen Butchers* Benevolent Society), <ri 

the oldest organization of this important trade and guild not only among us, p 

but perhaps in all Chicago, •,.vdll hold its tv;enty-sixth annual ball in the ^ 

Pilsen Sokol hall on Ashland Avenue,..,, § 

Admission v.'ill be $3,50 per couple; additional ladies, ^1 each, ^ 



I D 



(2) 



II B E d (1) 



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(4) 



BOHEMIAN 



Denni Illasatel , -'eb. 5, 1911. 

LiiBOR L^iTTERS 

The Reply of lir. a. Uzlik to ivir. Balvin and to the 
Anon3mious ..Titer of "-Vho is damaging the 
Labor Movement" 



In the first place, i'lr. Balvin, I am not an organizer of the Industrial 
VJorkers of the V/orld and I did not arrive among the Czechs in the last 
fourteen days, for I have lived among then eighteen years and I have been 
active in the labor movement during this entire period. I never sought to 
gain personal or selfish adVEintages and my aims e.lways v.'ere to aid and not 
to hinder this idealistic movement, 

I am a member of the working class and I can never advocate ideas which 
are injurious to this class. One of these is the idea being spread 




I D 2 a (2) - 2 - BOHEtOAN . 

II B 2 d (1) 

I D 2 a (3) Denni Hlasatel . /eb. 5, 1911. 

I D 2 a (4) 

I D 1 a hy oocialists, that only through political action can 

I F 6 V'jorkingmen triuraph. Every strike lost is an opportunity 

I H welcomed by them to confirm this false viev;. 

If the strike is Tvon and higher v/ages obtained, they maintain th?.t it means 
nothing because the capitalists vlll get it back through higher prices. 
The result of this false vievv-point is that these people endeavor to use 
every strike for the benefit of their political party. They are active in 
the union movement only for tbose reasons. The rottener the union organi- 
zation, the better it suits their purposes. That*s why they stick so 
tenaciously to the American Federation of Labor. At the last convention of 
the American Federation of Labor, eighty Socialists v/ere present and they all 
voted for Gompers. In the Chicago Federation of Labor, not one Socialist 
protested against the acceptance of the ap;reement vdth Hart, Schaffner and Marx 
and to the last one they all voted for it. I have never knowingly lied 



I D 2 a (2) - 3 - BOHTini.TlAN 

II E 2 d (1) 

I D 2 a (3) Denni Hlasatel . b^eb. 5, 1911. 

I D 2 a (4) 

I D 1 a 
I F 6 
I H 

and I again assert, that every accusation brousht against Mr. Balvin, can be 
substantiated by any delegate to the conference. I v;as chairman of the 
last tvifo meetings of the conference and knov; whereof I speak. Neither 
Trautman nor I forced ourselves among 3'"ou. Trautinan and Hayv/ood were invited 
by the strikers to take charge of the strike. I was asked by Trautman, 
because he did not knov. the Czech language and thought that I would be of 
assistance in many respects. Your insinuation that v^e were more interested 
in the assessnents than in the members, I reject as a common barefaced 
insult. '.Ve urge no one to become a member of the Industrial .workers of 




I D 2 a 


(?). 


II B 2 c 


I (1) 


I D 2 a 


(3) 


I D 2 a 


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I F 6 




I H 





- 4 - BOim^IAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 5, 1911. 



the World, \'ie are open and above board, and say only what we think and 
nothing more. 

In so far as the anonymous article is cnncemed, in which I am censured 
for my membership in the American Federation and in the Painters Union, 
it will not dissuade me from my intention to point out the vfanton cor- 
ruption within them. That I write to newspapers v/hich you proclaim as 
non-union is only your fault, not nine, "!lhen I sent you a communication 
for publication, you returned it to me. If your paper is so strictly a 
labor paper, why did you accept a full page ad from the ultra-capital- 
istic Tribune ? In that advertisement the reading of the Tribune, which 
in the year 1886 recommended lead pills nd strychnine for striking labor. 




I D 2 a (2) - 5 - BOTTKMTAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I D 2 a (3) Denni lilasatel . r'eb. 5, 1911. 

I D 2 a (4) 

I D 1 a 

I F 6 

I H » . 

was reconmended to v^orkingmen. It was not Hlasatel v.'hich vies breaking 
the strike, but the corruption and ' ^fitness of the Garment l.orkers* 
Union and the federation of Labor, as you yourselves have acknovdedged 
and to whom you are giving such stout aid. 

IVe have enough laws, more than are needed, but what v;e need is someone 
to enforce them. Inspectors allow themselves to be bribed, but labor 
organized into the right kind of unions vdll see to it that every work- 
room, every factory, every mine is safe for the health and life of the 
workers. Labor organized into an industrial union, will be the political 
power v;hich will enforce these various laws for the safety of the v;orkers. 




I D 2 a (3) - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

II B £ d (1) 

I D 2 a (3) Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 5, 1911, 

I D 2 a (4) 
I D 1 a 
I F 6 
I E 

Labor will not allov; itself to be murdered any more, as happened at the 
Cherry inine and other places. Being av/are that it has the support of 
the entire force' of the v.orking class, orcanized into one union, it will 
never v.'ork where it constantly sees death before it. Labor in the present 
day craft unions has no porer, no resistance, because every trade is for 
itself and the result of all this is strikes lost, and broken and the 
workingTien delivered to the mercies of more brutal treatment than before. 
Here is viiere you gentlemen of Sprevedlnost should do your duty and criti- 
cize everything that js not fair; pay more attention to the struggles of 
v;orkers in the factories, meanwhile, uncovering corruption in the labor 




I D 2 a 


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Derxnl lilasatel . Feb, 5, 1911, 



BOHai.IIAN 



novement, because that is far more important than to call attention to 
corraption in politics*. Svery strike lost indicates v/eakness, and 
lack of confidence of the workers in themselves, "but every strike v/on 
means a step forward, an Inclination to further strus^^le, 3very raise 
in vrai;es and shortening of hours of labor means better conditions for 
the workers. 

If S-oravedlnost vdll work in this manner, then will it have the right to 
call itself a labor paper, but not before. 



Be consistent in the principles of Socialism and no one will criticize 
you. Aiding Rickert and others in their work and keeping Bohemian workers 



I D 2 a (2) - 8 - 30HE;:JAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I D 2 a (3) Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 5, 1911. 

I D 2 a (4) 

I D 1 a on strike, in order to help traitors, was certainly .miserable 

I F 6 conduct for a "labor" paper. 

IE. 

I have read carefully every attack upon my accusations, published 
in that paper, but nov-here, I say, nov-here, did they disprove anything I 
charged and even if the writer of the anonynous article claims that Spravedlnost 
did not proclaim the first agreement vith Hart, Schaffner and Icarx as a big 
victory for tailoring v,orkers, still he cannot erase it for it is printed there 
in large letters, 

A. Uzlik 



I D 2 a (2) BOHEI£LAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I D 1 a ■ Demil Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1911. 

III B 2 

III A CZECH PAPER STANDS UP FOR ITS PRINTERS 

I C 

All of us have repeatedly had occasion to observe the malicious actions 
of those obnoxious spirits that are wont to attack the Denni Hlasatel 
and the organization whose members it employs. Now the Ceska Ustredni 
Unie Tiskarskych Remesel (Czech Central Union of the Printic^ Trades), 
rises in protest to defend itself and its employers. Circulars, in 
which the attitude of the organization shall be duly explained, will 
be sent to all Czech associations, trade unions, etc. This will help 
to stop the abusive and malevolent eruptions of those evil-minded .-. 
elements who try to enhance their interest by inciting unrest among 
our workers, by subversive methods, and prevarications. 

The circular runs in essence as follows: "Oiir's is an association as 
esteemed as is yours, and in the first place a unionized one, which 
closes its contracts on the basis of set rules, and therefore, should 




I D 2 a (2 ) - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1911. 

III B 2 

III A. merit the support of your association and of the Czech public 

I C in general. The undersigned union furnishes help to the 

Denni Hlasatel , to the Syomost , and to the printing shop of 
Ur. Svestka; it is exclusively Czech, one reason more for its right to 
the good-will on the part of Czech associations. Our organization was 
founded because we felt that the dues and emergency payments to the 
international unions, could be put to better use by directing them into 
the channels of an organization composed of our own kind. We have gone 
through the experience of being dependent upon the decisions of organiza- 
tions foreign to us and of humiliation from societies we hardly knew; we, 
therefore, arrived at the conclusion that a body governed by Czechs only, 
would be the right union for us. The way Czech union men are being 
treated by the officisLLs of the organizations of other nationalities is 
well known. One example of the treatment accorded to Czech union men 
is presented in the recent strike of the garment workers* union. Similar 
occurrences prcppted us to found our own organization. 



I P 2 a (2 ) - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I-D 1 fi Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1911. 

III B 2 

III Jl Today, after an existence of several years of our iinion, we 

I C can safely claim that the financial condition of the individual 

members is much improved over that of former years, and the 
contracts with our employers have been renewed. Those are reasons that 
speak for themselves. 

Besides this, we have been making every effort to aid our fellow-workers 
in distress; at the same time, we allowed no opportunity to pass without 
doing our bit in the field of nationalistic endeavor. We assure your 
society that the contracts entered into with our employers are of more 
benefit to us than those closed with any others. In closing we are 
entreating your organization to lend your support to us by patronizing 
the printing concerns for which we work. 

Signed: Frank Sramek, president. 




I D 2 a (2^ , BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hi as at el , Apr. 17» 1910.. 

MEETING OF THE BOHEMIAN PRINTERS' TRADES S 

go 

P.l, Col. 3 — Today at 2:30 P.M. the Bohemian Central Union of printers' ^ 
Trades is holding its regular meeting. The meeting will he held in their r; 
hall at 19th St. and Blue Island Ave. '|g 

Important "business will be discussed, therefore all members are requested La 
to be present. Numerous questions and incompleted business from the pre- i:^^ 
vious meeting will be settled also. 

(per) Mr. J. Novak (Secretary) 



V 



I D 2 a (2) BOHEMIAN 

II A 3 b 

II A 2 / * Denni Hlaaatel , Mov. 22, 1909, 

' ^' BOHEMIAM-AMERICAN MUSICIANS' UNION. 

t _ 

p. 5.* Yo vieh to inform the piiblic, and Czech musicians in particular, that 
the term for the redwed initiation fee of $2.00 has been extended to the end 
of this year* Applications for membership vill be received at way time in 
the headquarters of the union at Ifir* V. Randans, 3259 W. Twenty-Sixth Street, ^ 
and by the secretary before the meetings which are held every Saturday at 8 ^ 
p* m« ¥• are prepBtred to loan you money at moderate rates emd promptly. F^ 

Henry Batek, president* ^ 

o 



.<r 



I D 2 a (2) BOHEMIAN 

II D 1 

Denni Hlasatel . Nov. 1, 1909. 

CHICAGO CZECH BUTCHBRS' EUPLOTEBS ORGANIZB. 

p. 3.. The Butehsrs* Bnployetts* Bducational Club aniiouncds a reduction ffom 
$3*00 to $1*50 for neoobershlp during the two months from Noveaber lot to 
January let, and a similar reduction ddm to 25 cents per month for regular 
dues. This club is decidedly one of the best mutual aid societies in Chicago. 
It hasy up to datoy 130 fflssBbers, all of them honest, diligent Cseeh workingmen* 

The aboTe offer serTOS the purpose of enabling every butchers* eaq;>loyee to 
join the orgeuiixation without great expenses* The club has made it a main 
point of its activity to keep working hours within due lijnits, emd also to elij»> 
iaate work on Sunday. He is mistaken iriio thinks this an impossibility, for Sl 

idiat has been enforced elseiriiere can be done here also, emd we are conrineed 3^ 

that more than half of our entployers will agree with our demands auid even sup- ^ 
port us in our struggle. r^ 

Ifany among them have urged us indeed to commence action on this issue. It is^ o 

therefore, up to the workingmen to orgcmize and begin the work lustily, as Lo 

nothing but good can corns of it. It is certainly necessary for us to wake up, § 

for every other workingman finds himself in better conditions than we, the ^ 



I D 2 a (2) -2- BOHEMIAN 

* Dennl Hlasatel. Nov. 1, 1909. 



^~t 



butehars* eaployees* There are here aany iriio vork from ei^teen to twenty hours 
per day for small vagesy Saturday till midnight, and Siuiday from fire in the 
morning till noon time or longer. 

We expect you, our brethren, to set up an agitation in order to get the greater ^ 

paurt of the vorkingmen together before the nev year begins, that shall be p 

devoted to ardent work for the betterment of our conditions* Breryona more '^ 

than fifteen yeeurs old, and who is of the butcher trade, and also new immi- 90 

grants in possession of their work-book, can become members. ^ 

S 



51 



I D 2 > U) BOHSmAM 

Daani Hla»at»la Apr* IS, 1907* 

ONIONS* 

p« 1 - ool* !•• The Bohaaian people belieiye ia organize^ labor and to prof 
this they haTo or^^ised uaions ia aoreral of their trades. Aaeas thsss 
Boheaiaa nnioas are the tekers'aad the printers' unions shich hare great strength* 



TJ 
TO 
O 



I D 2 a (2 ) " BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 11, 1907» 

ANNOUNCEMENT CP THE FIRST INDEPENDENT BOHEMIAN BAKERS' UNION 

P.l — This union will hold its meeting on Saturday, January 12, I907, in ^ 

the J. Konsy's dub hall, located at Nineteenth and Throop Streets, 5 

All brother'memhers are requested to he present because business of im- P 

portance and interest will be discussed. ^ 

o 

This announcement also applies to bakers who have not yet Joined this or- ^ 

ganization. We request their presence at this meeting because they will ^ 

obtain an understanding of the activities of the union and will have an «^ 
opportunity to become members. 



ID 2 

r 1ST- 



2 d 

n Ai 



m 



ID 



BQHEUIAN 




Denai Hlasatel . April 17, 1902. 

LABCR MATIERS. 
FROM BOHEMIAN-AMERICAN SOCIETY OF JOURNALISTS. 

At th«lr ovn request, the Bohemian-American Society of Journalists was inducted 
into the International Typographical Union of North America, and given number 
four (4). It was officially named "Chicago Bohemian-American Newspaper iafriter*^ 
Union No. 4^ International Typographical Union of North America.** It became 
a regular affiliate, using the same union label as all other Bohemian union print- 
shops and newspapers. Of these, only those will be considered union-shops, which 
employ not only union typesetters and other labor, but union editors as well. 
The agreement, in which are formulated the demands of the members of the Bohemian- 
American Journalist Societies, has again been placed before the publishers of 
Bohemian newspapers for signature; they have not accepted as yet, but it is 
expected that they all will sign readily. The Union of Bohemian Journalists 
does not want to cause the owners of Bohemian papers unnecessary difficulties 
and will strive to maintain present friendly relations. However, it will insist 
upon the fulfillment of its reasonable demands. Dius far a mutual agreement 
with our Society has been signed by the publishers of the follcwing papers: 



BOHEUIAN 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel , April 17, 1902. 

Denni Hlasatel . Spravedlnost .and Zenskychliety , •ffective since the first of xhe 
year, and Lldovych Novin, effective since April 15. 

The other Bohemian papers are to accept or reject the agreement by Saturday, 
April 19. In case of rejection by papers using the union label, the local 
representative of the Interna^onal Typographical Union will intercede. 




* 



I D 8 • (8) 



Dennl Hlegatel« Feb. l6, 1902. 




BOHEMIAN 



MEETING OF BOHEMIAN MCLDERS • l/u.- ,^^ 

The Cesko-Slovanska Unie Slevaoka (Czeoho-Slovak holders Union) held its third V::_ 
agitational meeting Sunday, Feb. 9, in Ccmrade Fr. Pitry's Hall, 1279 //. 20th "~" 
St.., between ilorgan and Fisk Sts. 

It again met with ^ood results and several new members were gained. By this, 
it is being shown that the 'Slavonic Itolders really want to help in the effort 
to fonr. an independent union, ^vhere business will be transacted in their mother 
tongue. However, it is re;-^re'tfeble that so few of them are applying for member- 
ship. The duty of all molders is to assist in such e worthy purpose, as is be- 
ing offered them now. 

Never before have you had such an opportunity to become members of that great 
organization. The International tolders Union of North America. Other nationali- 
ties have cared nothing about us and only left us in obscurity, '.7e will show 
that we are alive and that we always support worthy things. Only in that manner 
can our present labor killing conditions be remedied. Let us take notice how 
capital is united against us in the form of trusts, and governs us. We will 
show by our strength that we don't need it and that we will overcome it. 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel. Feb. l6, 1902. 



BOHHailAN 



Therefore, let everyone of you oome to the meeting which is to be held V'^ 
Sunday, Feb. l6th at 2 P.K. in Pitry's Hall, where further explanation will 
be made* 




This invitation is respectfully extended by the 



Committee. 



I D 2 a (2 ) BOHEMIAN 

in A 

II A 3 a Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 5, 1901, 

roOM THE OFFIGS OF THE BOHEtOAN TYP0G31APHIGAL UNION, #330, 
I, T, '.?• CIIWERIIATIONAL TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION). 

TO THR READERS 07 BOHEMIAN-AMERICAN NEWSPAPERS • 

Friends: - The Bohemian Typographical Union, in this manner, seeks to obtain 
your aid in Its efforts to help Bohemian-American typesetters gain a respectable 
and deserved wage. 

Every branch of labor is organized so as to achieve honorable compensation for 
Its labor and every branch of labor can boast of -its gains, except the type- 
setters, who scattered throughout Bohemian-American comnunities, must often work 
for their board, and this none too good. 

Perhaps the one exception to this haphazard compensation of Bohemian typesetters 
is in Chicago, as the result of organization. However, if this condition is to 
be retained, if it is to be improved the competition of cheap out-of-town papers, 
which flood Chicago with their cheaply produced product, must be removed. 




-2- BOHSMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel. Dec, 5, 1901. 



Bohemian organizations, ishich were of such great help to the efforts off 
Bohemian typesetters in the past, will surely take their stand on. the side 
of the Bohemian Typesetters* Union and, in the future, withdraw their support 
from those publications which are not provided with the union label. 

It depends only upon you, readers, that the tjrpesetters of these out-of-town 
publications may be properly compensated for their labor. It depends upon 
jrbu, in order for local typesetters to maintain and, as much as possible, 
improve their present standards, ,7ork completed by capable union typesetters 
is pleasing to look at, and publications set up by them are pleasing to the 
eyes of the reader, because of their arrangement. In opposition to this, 
the out-of-town publications are often set up by children or by poorly paid 
people, and their products look accordingly. 

In supporting union publications you are aiding union publications, in support- 
ing non-union publications you injure the former, without materially aiding 
the latter, for they are doomed in any event to a miserable existence and 
final oblivion. 




/ 



-3- BCKTKMTAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec, 5, 1901 • 

Publications which are able to pay union wages are apparently more wide-spread, 
and, as a result of their greater circulation, more perfect. 

No friend of union labor should subscribe to the following out-of-town publi- 
cations: 

Rrety Americke, (American Blossoms) Oraahai, Neb. 

Pokrok Zapadu, (Progress of the ,7est ) Onaha, Neb, 

Donacno st , (Home,) Milwaukee, ^Tis, 

Hlas, (Voice) St, Louis, Mo, 

The above listed circulate in Chicago, mainly, and with their cheap labor 
Injure imlon publications. 




-4- 



Dennl Illasatel, Dec, 5, 1901, 



BOHEMIi:! 



Let them know, that only when they have provided themselves with the union 
labels will you subscribe to then, and in this manner you will help a good 
cause* 




In so far as concerns Chicago, the chief enemy of union labor is the '♦Order 
of Bohemian Benedicts" (Had Ceskych Benediktinv), Notwithstanding the fact 
that the director of its iirinting plant, the Rev. Valentine Kohlbeck, has 
told the typesetters, that the Order owns more property than any Bohemigm 
printing business in Chicago, it still refuses to pay the typesetters wages, 
such as are customary in other printin.'^ plants, IMny years of negotiating 
on the part of the imion has not produced results, and it is hardly necessary 
to infonn friends of organized labor, that the following named publications; 
Narod, (Nation), Katolik, (Catholic), Pritel Ditek, {Childrejtt»8 Friend), and 
Hospodarsky Listy, (Agricultural News), are issued by an rssociation of 
priests, which since time immonorial has been known for its unfriendliness 
to all union activities. 



-5- BOHSMLAIT 

Denni lUasatel, Dec. 5, 1901. /^"^V 

v. • Vl,tf^' ■* 

We call the attention of the business men who advertise in the daily Narod \^> % 
to the fact, that this paper, after many years of activity, has a aaaller 
circulation than any other Bohemian paper published in Chicago, and that we 
consider this as sufficient reason for then to withhold their advertising 
business from it. 

We hope, that friends of organized labor will take the above into considera- 
tion and act accordingly. The Bohemian typesetters will surely repay you 
in some other- manner. 

For the Bohemian Typographical Union, #330, I, T. TT, 

Agitation Comaittee, 



I D 2 a (2) 

II Al 

HI A 



BOHSTvlEAlT V, 






Dennl Elasatel , Llay 12, 1901. 
THE OHOAIJIZATION QUESTION, 



'(Then the working men of some trades organize themselves into a union, when 
those beloni^ing to some branch of business or industry compose themselves 
into an association it is generally recognized as reasonable and beneficial. 

But in no way can our countrymen become reconciled to the idea, that Bohemian- 
American newspapermen should also organize in their own interests, .'/hen even 
a few editors or reporters in the employ of competitive papers meet in a public 
place, and talk together in a proper and friendly manner, everyone who witnesses 
it takes notice as though something improper were being done, and as though it 
was to be understood, that the employees of various publications must argue and 
fight among theaselves. 

This is a sad phenomenon. The "Society of Bohemian Journalists of America" has 
taken as its aim: The rectification of this misunderstanding, the formation of 
an n^itors and reporters"organization, the gaining for the newspaper business 
of public respect and the proper esteem of the einployers. 



I D 3 a (2) -2- M3±EM'-WPI^, 

Denni Hlasatel, May 12, 1901, 

Bat, the work of the society is being destroyed by the indifference of the news- 
papermen themselves, and by ttie pref^udgernent of a large following of citizens. 
Only the editors of Hlasatel and Nairod , and of several weekly papers belong to 
the ♦•society of joxirnalists.** The most peculiar thing about it is that people, 
who call themselves the most enlightened, who preach the organization of various 
workingmen, disregard the organization of their own particular following. Rural 
editors apparently have an altogether indifferent attitude, as not one of them 
has recognized the joining of the society as a good thing, 

When we see the indifference, yes, the dislike, which a great number of news- 
papermen show toward their own organization it sbktis to us that it is indeed a 
truthful saying, "that every man on earth prospers according to his merit^" 
newspapermen also. 



IDzaiai 

I D 2 a (4) Danni HlaBat^> Mar* 22, 1901* 

HI A . _ - ■ --. 

' ^ ^ P JSii ff iTJgK S* UNION MAKE3 NBW DEMAND^ 



BOHEMIAN 



u» 



mk 



Some of our Typesetters have disregarded the agreement of a week ago, and now 
come forw.rd with a new deu^nd. 

We are particularly blessed by people who like to share. Eight years ago 
members of a literary society, reciuested tiiut we turn our business over to them* 
7/e served these impudent applicants accordinii tp their merits. Now it seepis this 
is all to be repeated. 

Althoug'n it is only a week since we signed an agreement with the lypographioal 
Union, in which we agreed to terms such as even the Tj^pesetters of the large 
English i)apers can not boast of; although we put into force the various articles of 
the agreement some of our typesetters prepared a surprise for us yesterday. They 
stopped v/ork at noon and in the afternoon delivered their ultimatum, which says: 
"Give each of us, one like the oilier, a share in the business as large as each of 
you have. If you do not divide \rith. us before 4 o'clock this afternoon, we will 
step out of the job." 

If the workers in an English business, or of any nationality oarue with a like request, 
they woula sinip]y be laughed at, and oallod crazy. But vdth us anything is possible. 
What .Would Geririger say if his typesetters suddenly arose and saidj "Wake us share 
holders in your business or we will not work!" But the workers of Geringer would 



- 2 - ' ■ BOHEIgANf^ 



o-^ 



W.PA 



K S 



not think of such an idea. In. the first place, "Jesus" is a rich capitalist 
ana no one dare oppose people of that class, but everyone lias courage against 
a fellov/-v/orkor , or a firn which is financially weak. In the second place Geringer 
in his businoss has ruled unci still rules with an iron hand. The workers in his 
|)lant are like so much rauchinery, whereas, with us the share-holder in the "business 
works along side another worker; respects him as a fellow worker and allows him 
all the rights and privileges wiiich he himself enjoys. For that, our typesetters 
repay us by cuuing forward v/ith a proposition that they share in the business. 
To be sure, wo know very well froru v*ii oh direction the wind blows. 

More than two months ago a deputatiun of cur typesetters visited Vir, Albieri to 
of far Lim the Editorship. Because they were not shareholders with us, and the 
other papers evidently had not uade then their agents, it is plainly to be seen that 
some of our typographers at that time were already working towards the founding of 
a new paper. • In tl.is work and preparation they progressed steadily, with the expect- 
tation that, penni Hlasatel , and Svornost , v/ould not sign an a'greement with the 
Union as the conditions of the agreement were carried to extremes. In this event 
they wanted to ooi.e out v/ith a new newspaper, raise a hue and cry and create a 
whirlwind of dust and publicity for themselves. They miscalculated. Bohemian 
newspapers, vdth the exception Di Narod, signed the agreement and in that manner 
took the trumps away from our art)lCious typesetters. The various articles of agree- 



- 3 - 



BOHEI.!IAN 



yui 



WIJ\. 



ment v/ere strictly idhered to by penni lllasatel and there remained nothing 
else i'or our dear ty^jesetters to do except cast aside the Union nask behind 
which thoy hid, repudiate the ugreeraent, aiake new demands which Vifere impossible 
of fulfillnent, and then quit v/ork to found a newspaper for themselves. 

The altinatuM handed to us \;us signed by people , who had been eniployed by us 
for only a few months. It contained the name of a former shareholder wiio again 
wished to becoiae a shareholder in our business; but vAio when, Denni Hlasatel was 
in ios most difficult period had lilmself paid out and went to work for a rival 
paper. There are nanios on this ultimatum of persons v/ith whom, should we associate 
would ruin our business, for which v/e struggled so fiercely, and on vdiich we have 
worked for the past ten years » 

V/e are and will remain anion. If the union lives up to its agreements and laws 
It will never have occasion for any action against us. V/e will not discharge any 
of our enterprising typesetters, and if e-.ny one of them wishes to return to work 
under union conditions he htis an open road. But we will not divide with anyone. 
Even a beggar defends his bag with all his might if someone wants to take it» 

Our paper is union. All work on it is done b^' union labor. The entire present 
affair results from the fdct that nine typesetters quit work v/ithout giving notice, 
handing us the previously ruentionud ultimatum to the amusement of ourselves and the 



- 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel llarcL 22, I9OI, 

entire publio, hoping, by tlxa-t- means to cover their decision to enter upon 
the publication of a nev/ nfciv;sp';per. 

When they have passed through the experiences and struggles, such as vre have 
had to contend v/itL, then let some one approach them v;ith a demand such as 
thfc>y iiave mude oi" us* 

They will give it to theml 



I D 2 a (2) BOHEMIAH 

IZ A 3 a 

in A T^f "?nn^ gUsatel. Jamaiy 22, 1901* 

BOHEMIAN imSICIANS BARRED* 

The request of the Bohemian Uusicians Uniont for the adnittance of their 
delegiates to the Chicago Federation of Labor, was discussed In a meeting 
held last Sunday. The request was denied at the Insistence of -^e American 
Federation Uusicians Union, No* 10* 

The organlsatlan comnlttee was Instructed to urge the Bohemian nusl clans 
to becone members of the regular musicians union* 




I D 2 ft (2) BOiSMlAN 

Chicago Tribune ^ Aug« 29 t 1881. 

THE WOODV/ORKERS 

A largely attended gathering of Branch No. 6 (Bohemian) of the Woodworkers Machine 
Hands Benevolent and Prtoective Union was held yesterday afternoon at No, 400 iTest 
Eighteenth Street. Permanent organization was effected, fifteen new members were 
initiated, emd forty names proposed for the consideration of the Connlttee on X?em- 
hership. A committee of four was appointed to arrange for a ball to be held two 
weeks hence in Anther's Hall, corner of Twentieth and Brown streets. 

President Birdsall', presiding officer of the main branch of the Woodworkers, was 
present, and in a lengthy speech set i'orth to tne new organization the benefits to 
be derived from unity and brotherhood. He stated that the Union had for Its prime 
object benevolence, and that the regulation of wa^es, though an important feature 
of the TTnion, was only secondary. Theirs, ne said, was a trade at which men daily 
fell victims to some accident. 

The past history of the craft disunited had taught them to expect nothing in the way 
of sympathy for material aid from employers in cafe of accident, and it now only re- 
mains for them to unite in brotherly love and assist one another, and look for 
nothing from the bosses but their weekly wages. The average woodworker's pay at 
present is $2 per diem. 




I. ATTITUDES 
D, Economlo 
Organization 
2. Labor Organization 
& Activities 
a. Unions 

[3) Industrial 




I D g a (3) BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (2) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel. Dec. 14, 1915. 



A NSW HAmm FOR ORGANIZED LABOR 

(Bdltorial) >^ 

Organized labor, which has come to the realization that the only protection p I 
workers have from exploitation by the capitalists is co-operation, united ^ j 
action, common demands, and unity in the conduct of the bitter struggle has g [ 
a new enemy in the so-called Taylor System which is being generally intro- 
duced now in large industrial establishments. The principle, on which the 
system is based is one which, if adopted, threatens to do away with all the 
adTantages orgsmized labor has so far succeeded in obtaining* 






CO 



In order that the system may be successful it is necessary for the employer 
to deal with individual workingmen, and not with their organization. Taylor 
himself admits that labor organizations are the worst enemies of his system, 
and that their opposition must be overcome before the System can become fully 
effective. Iberefore, in running a factory by his system, the first objective 
is to destroy the solidarity of the vrorkingmen. Individual workers who do an 






I D 2 a (5) - 2 - BOBEMIAN 

I D 2 a (2) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel. Dec. 14, 1915* 



especially large amount of work recelTe an extra reward, while those who do 
not show the Inclination to dellrer all that Is In them are simply discharged. 
Thus, one worker Is made to compete with and become the foe of another, and 
the conviction that all of them have the same Interest Is to be disposed of; 
one man Is to be played against the other and all cure put In a race against 
the weaker ones. Then the unorganized, upset, confused workers become an fS 
easy prey of capital. ** 

It Is easy to understand that trained men, skilled artisans, are In a better <Z 
position to protect themselves than common laborers. In the first place, ^ 
skilled men have the best organizations, while common laborers are either 
unorganized or their organizations are weak. The principal aim of the Taylor 
System Is, therefore, to make skilled workers unnecessary and thus destroy 
their organizations. Modern manufacturing methods do not require as highly 
skilled workers as were needed In former times, but even now a worker must 
have a certain amount of training to do his work satisfactorily. The ex- 
perience and knowledge accumulated by such training and the years of iotag 



o 



CO 
C'J 



I D 2 a.(g) - 5 - BOHBMIAN 

ID 2 a (8) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel, Dec. 14, 1915. 

his work give a norkingman a certain amount of independence, which protects 
him against undue requirements and unfair treatment on the part of the em- 
ployer. It is therefore the purpose of the Taylor System to replace these 
independent workingmen vrtio are able to defend themselTes, and all experienced 
artisans, by common laborers, by men entirely dependent upon the employer* s 
good will and who, therefore, will be willing to do whatever they are told. 



-T3 



In order to achieve this purpose, Taylor has divided the vdiole manufacturing ^ 
process into so many single and simple operations that the employment of o 
trained men will be unnecessary, or, at any rate, not so essential, and, in a ^ 
short time, a common laborer will be able to do the work that a trained man 'vS 
used to do formerly. This change, or adjustment, requires a large amount of ^ 
equipment, veurious adaptations, and reorganization, all of which again cannot 
be done in a short time. And that is the reason why the Taylor System has not 
yet shown a wider distribution, a more decided success. Taylor is replacing 
trained workingmen by experts who, so to speak, become the brains of the factory, 
while the workingmen are mere tools and have to do Just exactly what they are 



I 


D 


2 


a 


^} 


I 
I 


D 
D 


2 

1 


a 
a 


2) 



- 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel, Dec. 14, 1915, 

told to do, and hoxT to do It. Men who aspire to decent wages are gradually ^^ 
replaced by cheap, common labor, thus making the employer's profit greater p 
because his expenses are smaller. *Vhen a trained man loses a job in his own "^ 

field, he must start looking for new employment under exactly the same con- so 

o 



ditions as an untrained man, and, likely as not, he will be doing the same 
work he was doing before, but for less pay. 



Co 

C/1 



The detrimental effects of the Taylor System will not be fully apparent until 
it is in quite general use. As it is now, a discharged trained man has still 
a possibility of finding v;ork in another factory, though it may not always be 
easy to find or obtain. Since, hov/ever, industry is being steadily concentrated 
into a smaller number of very large factories, units, the ground for an efficient, 
all-round introduction of the Taylor System is being prepared. Hence it is up to 
workingmen to get prepared also. 

An excellent illustration of the way in which the Taylor System works is in 
Henry Ford's great automobile manufacturing plant in Detroit. ",'/hen Ford, some 



I D 2 a (3) - 5- BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a {2) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 14, 1915. 

two years ago, loudly proclaimed to the irtxole world that every employee in his 
plants will be getting at least five dollars a day, he made nothing else but 
a Yelled announeem«it that he had Introduced, to some extent, the Taylor System. 
It Is well known that Ford does not recognize any unions In his shops. In Ford*8 
factories, the employees are divided Into classes, exactly In accordance with 
their productive capacity, and paid accordingly. Every worker Is an object of 
careful attention on the part of his foreman, who makes a record on separate .^ 
slips of the amount of work done by each man. When he sees that a man*s pro- "^ 
duotlvlty Is grovrlng, the man Is advanced Into the next higher class. Since ^ci. 
there Is a piecework system In all Ford»s shops, a man's productivity Is re- p 
fleeted exactly in his pay. In a higher class, a worker gets a better price ^ 
for any certain piece of work, and it Is only natural that every one of th«n g 
is trying to do as much work as possible, in order to be advanced Into a ^ 
higher class and get better pay for v&atever he does. A man v^o Is not able 
to earn five dollars a day is simply discharged. Therefore, all men who stay 
in Ford*s employ are, without exception, first-class workmen. 

Taylor has said that his system can be successful only where there is a great 



--4 



I D 2 a (3 ) - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (2) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel. Dec. 14, 1915, 

deal of labor arailable, and Henry Ford has made sure that this condition shall 
prermil in his plant. His announcement that every worker would get at least 
fire dollars a day attracted to his factories multitudes of men, from whom he 

has been able to select the most able, most fit ones. When the truth about the ^ 

fire doll€urs a day was rerealed, the number of applicants probably diminished, ^ 

because, more recently, Ford announced that he would employ all prisoners re- -^ 

leased from the Michigan state penitentiary. By this, he again tried to secure p 

the halo of a phileuithropist, cleverly keeping quiet the fact that he expects ^ 

to increase his profits by that move. o 

That the application of the Taylor system in Ford*s plants has been most profit- .^ 
able is proved by the fact that during the first year his output increased with c^ 
the same number of men employed. Fbrd, of course, will never admit that he had 
introduced exploitation of his employees according to the Taylor J^stem, and 
will always maintain that he is a benefactor of his workers with whom he shares 
his profits. Sven the workers do not seem to notice that they are working under 
the Taylor System. And when other manufacturers follow Ford's example, he will 



I D 2 a ( 3 ) - 7 - BQEEaOAN 



D 2 a (3) 
D 2 a (2) 



. I 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 14, 1915. 

>> i: have the advantage of being able to get'rld of all artisans, trained men he 
•^ , had been employing, and replace them with unskilled labor. He will be able 
i^, to stearb a still more efficient exploitation of the human material, because 
the Taylor System opens an unlimited field in this respect. It is up to the 
workers to recognize the danger inherent in the Taylor System and organize ^ 
an energetic opposition to its adoption by industry. ^^ 

. f— 

-o 
o 

-3 



I D 2 a (S ) BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . June 30, 1911. 

SUNDAY CLOSING 

The clerks employed in paint, hardware, and furniture, stores of Bohemian 
California, recently requested that they be given Sundays off. The 
employers gladly agreed to this. Now it depends on the public in order 
to maintain this deserved advantage to the salespeople, to buy their 
needs from these stores on Saturdays, when the stores will remain open 
until ten o'clock in the evening. Sunday closing of these stores will 
be effective Sunday, June 9. There is no doubt that our countrymen, 
who welcome every improvement offered the workingmen, will be willing 
to do all in their power to see to it that Sunday closing of these 
establishments will become permanent and general. 





I D 8 a fg) Penal HUaatel . Apr, 30, 1904, . BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (2) ^ 

/p3CAL BGBEMIAN LtJHBER WORKERS TMK mioff 

A desire is being aroused among Bohemian workingmen in the local lumber 
industry for the organization of a union. This is really a desirable step, 
for these people are in many instances oppressed, and know not what to do 
with their divided forces. If they unite and create an integral body, they 
will b9 giyen consideration and they co\ild then set up their demands. The 
realization of their objectives be accomplished through their allied efforts. 

However, if such an organization is to have a good foundation, it must 
originate with workers, must spring from their own desire to form a co- 
hesive body among themselves. 

Unions based upon forced membership, do not have solidarity and they fall 
apart at the slightest tremor. Therefore, those who sire interested in 
seeing a solid organization established should talk it over frequently with 
their fellow-workers and spread the idea from oae factory to another. When 
sufficient interest in this direction is evidenced, a public meeting can be 
called and the final work of organizing accomplished. We hope that our 
workingmen will soon achieve their aims and appear before us as a powerful 
organization in welfare activities. 



ZBl b 
III A 

Svornost., May 10, 1881 

A PROCLAiYAl'ION TO ALL BOHEMIAN OWNERS OF BAKEHY SHOPS 

Bohemian "bakery shop employees, at a meeting held Satiirday afternoon, in the 
Hall of "Tel. Jed. Sokol" (Gymnastic Union Sokol), for the purpose of decid- 
ing the "best method to secure the "betterment of working conditions, accepted 
the following resolutions TonaJiimously: 

(1) Publicly by means of the newspapers to notify ell proprietors of "bakery 
shops to install a twelve hour day and give a wage increase of ten per cent, 

(2) For every hour of work performed after 12 o'clock midnight, the worker 
is to "be paid fifteen cents, 

(3) Those employees who are "borrded "by the employer, ere to enjoy such food 
and quarters as are "befitting a working man. * 

(U) All those who work without "board and room ere to receive three dollars 
more weekly pay. 

(5) All proprietors of bakery. shops are called upon to decide these points 
before Saturday, May ik and announce their decisions to the Chairman of the 
Bohemian Bakers Union under the address of Hynek Kopp, I6I Bur^gr_St, 




I D 2 a (5) BOBginAN 

ftllU) 

III A Svomoet , Vol* Ilia No* 224, Chleago, June 29, 1878. 

LOCAL NSRS 

.The strike at Cooper's was ended after nine days. Hereafter, they are to re- 
ceiTe 40 cents instead of 25 cents for making lard barrels* 

It would be well for all Bohenian coopers to Join the union* 




I D 2 a 
I D 2 a 



(4) 
Tt) 



BCEMJM 



Denni EDLaaatel. May 13, 1917* 

/AN i^FPSAL TO THE C^CE G:ARBIENT WOBKSRS OF CBICAGO/ 
(Ccmnnmioatlon frcn the Czech Gemnent Workers) 

Attention is called to the strike of the garment workers in the English 

Woolen Hills in Milwaukee* The workers are lifting for a just eauser- 
the eight-hour day and higher wages* The Czech garment workers of Chicago 
ott£^t to support their fellow-workers in Milwaukee* In the event that 
they should learn that some of the work being done in Qiicago is intended 
for the English Woolen Mills, they are requested to inform inmediately 
the Czech Gaxment Workers* Tbiion No* 253, 3335 W* 26th Street, Chicago* 

(Signed) nrank HubSSek 



o 



Uj 



? m. 






I D 2 a (4) BOHEaglAN 

I D 2 a (3) 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 9, 1915. 

I C 

17 ABOUT THE TAILORING STRIKB 

The Bohemian tailors will exert every effort to bring the present struggle 
to an early victory* The tailors from large shops downtown, as well as 

the strikers from the Northwest Side of the city, point continually to the ^ 

fact that Bohemian tailors in contractors* shops, particularly in Bohemian ^ 

California, are still working and thereby prolonging the fight of the tailor- ^ 

ing men for a better existence* Deputations from various parts of the city p 

are arriving at the headquarters on 22nd and Troy Streets dally, emd request- ^ 

ing that the work in contractors* shops be discontinued* The strikers are g 

determined to do all that is in their power to stop work in contractors* ^ 

shops wo Iking for large firms whose men are on strike* ^ 



CT" 



Organizer Silveman of New Toik has arrived in Chicago aind has been detailed 
to help Organizer Skala in directing the strike in Bohemisui Pilsen and 
California* Polish and Italian strikers have offered to picket the shops 
in these two districts* Briefly, the strikers will do all they can to 



I D E a (4) - 2 - BOHEaOAN 



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I D 2 a 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 9, 1915, 

I C 

17 bring about an early Tictory. This morning, at 9:30 A.M., a meeting of 

the tailoring workingmen will be held in Mr. Cernoch*s Hall on 22nd 
and Troy Streets. Organizer SilTerman and others will speak at this meeting. 

The Bohemian members of the old union (United Gaiment Workers of America) do 

not share Lawyer ^ohn J^Sonsteby's opinion, and will, under no circumstances, ^ 

hazm the present strike, which is directed by the Amalgamated Clothing Workers ^ 

of America. News has reached a shop where members of the old union are em- ci 

ployed that their shop had accepted work for a f im whose employees are on F 

strike. The members of the old union stopped working immediately, came to "^ 

the meeting, and declared that \inder no circumstances will they do scah work. o 

Many of them had taken part in the 1910 strike and know how it would feel ^ 
if somebody should break the strike and counteract the efforts of the strik- 
ers. 

"As soon as you learn that our shop has accepted scab work, let us know, and 
we shall stop woxk immediately and Join you,** they said. 



CD 



I D 8 a (4) - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (3) 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Oct, 9, 1915, 

I C 

17 The large shops are still idle and strikers consider the situation 

very fayorable, on the whole. Also the cutters have struck in many 
>fiims, and it is expected that the tailors will be Joined by the cutters 
in the rest of them* The fact that the cutters go with the striking tailors 
proves that they have confidence in the victory of this Just fight* 

Elaborate preparations are being made for a huge parade to be held next ^ 

Tuesday* At first it was planned for Monday, but it was impossible to re- '^ 

ceive a permit for that day* The strikers expect to manifest their power by r; 

that parade* It is expected that it will be Joined by twelve thousand marchers* ^ 

o 

In view of the fact that preparations will be in progress for the parade, no la 

meeting vrill be held in pilsen today* Announcements concerning future meet- ^ 

ings will be found in the newspapers* "* 



I D 2 a (4) BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (3) 

I D 1 b Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 7, 1915. 



THE TAILORING STRIKE 



Several contractors* shops in Bohemian California and Pilsen districts have 
stopped work, and the workingmen hope to stop it in all others also 

• Hie workers of B. Kuppenheimer, Edeheimer, Stein & Company, Hirsch //ickwire 
(contractors brothers Tlapa), Granerd & Rothchild, and other shops in Bohemian 
California hold their meetings in Mr. Cemoch*s Hall 

A strike committee has been appointed for Bohemian Pilsen which will have its 
offices in the Hall of ISr, Sokolovsky on 18th and Laflin Strsets..... 

The headquarters in Bohemian California is at Mr. Cernoch*s Hall on 22nd and 
Troy Streets 



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I D 1 
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BOHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel, Oct, 6, 1915, 

THE SDRDZENI C3E5KYCH KREJCOVSKYCH 
KONTRAKTOHJ GOES WITH THE TTORKERS 



The news that the Sdruzeni Ceskyoh KrejcoTskych Kontraktoiu (Bohemian 
Tailoring Contractors* Association) has agreed to stop work in their shops 
and thus help in ending the strike in the near future has been received 
with a great deal of enthusiasm by the striking workers. jU-though some 
contractors were against this agreement and declared they would continue 
working for fizns affected by the strike, the men on strike are confident 
that these contractors also will be made to stop woricing if the majority 
of other contractors will follow that policy. The men believe that con- 
tractors who refuse to stop working will provoke a strong feeling against 
themselves on the part of the public, which is overwhelmingly in sympathy 
with the workers. There are very few contractors who would want to bear 
the anger and loathing of their neighbors by helping the manufacturers 
to subdue the workingmen. The majority of contractors sympathize with 



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CO 



I D 2 a (4) - 2 - BOIGMIAN 

I D 2 a (3) 

I D 1 a Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 6, 1915. 

I D 1 b 

the workers and not many of them will want to continue work- 
ing under police protection in the neighborhood of honest and peace- 
loving people,,,.. 



-o 

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I D 2 a (4) BOHEMIAN 

<1 D 2 a (2) 

Dennl KLasatel , Sept. 28, 1915. 

TAILORS » FIGHT FOR BETTER EXISTENCE 
Bohemian Workers Join Others 

The order to strike v;as issued to thousands of men and women working in tailor ^ 

shops throughout Chicago yesterday. They assenbled in many parts of the city, ^ 

men and women of all ages, welcoming the summons to the fight which, they are ^ 

convinced, will bring them better working conditions, higher wages, and recog- C 

nition of their organization..... ^g 

o 

Two meetings were held in the Bohemian neighborhood last night; one, attended ^ 
by the employees of the Kuppenheimer factory at 22nd Street and Western Avenue, 
met in the hall of the Ladimir Kacel School at 19th and Leavitt Streets, and 
the other, consisting of workers employed by the firm of Edelheimer and Stein, 
met in the hall of the Chicago Sokol. 

The Kuppenheimer employees will meet /agiBiin/ today at 9 A. M. in Mr. Cemoch*s 
hall at 22nd and Troy Streets, and the attendance of all workers is confidently 



rsj 

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I D 2 a (4) - 2 - BOHSMIM 

I P 2 a (2) 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 28, 1915. ^ 

expected. The strike headquarters for the Bohenian neighborhood are Mr. -^ 

Zapotocky's hall at 25th Street and Iloman Avenue, where the strike com- p 

^nittee will be active throughout the day ^ 



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I D 2 a (4) BOHEf.rTAN 

I D 1 a 

II E 3 Dennl Hlasatel , June 18, 1915. 
II E 2 

STRIKESHEAKEfiS 

(Editorial) 



5 



Within the last few days Chicago was to have been flooded with strike- -o 
breakers who were to take the places of the striking employees of the o 
Chicago streetcar and elevated railway systems. The kind of men who co 

were being brought here from other cities may be judged by the fact ^3 

that the police have found among the arrivals twenty-five known crimi- ^ 
nals, and a more thorough investigation would, no doubt, discover many 
more of them. It is generally well known that only the lowest type 
of men can be hired for breaking a strike. That there would be many 
thieves and other criminals among them is obvious. Such men, of course, 
are edways in favor of making an excursion to Chicago from New York or 
Eastern cities. That is something that cnnnot be changed, but the worst 
of it is that these morons like to stay in Chicago, and thus they in- 
crease our army of criminals, which is large enough as it is. Many of 



I D 2 a (4) - 2 - BOHKMTAN 

I D 1 a 

II E 3 Dennl Hlasatel, June 18, 1915. ^ 
II E 2 5 

them will have to leave Chicago very soon, but those who are '^ 

the least desirable will try the hardest to settle here. That means that ^ 

our police will have still more to do than they have now, and this will ^ 

be a condition brought about by the streetcar and elevated lines that had o 

hired these strikebreakers. co 



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I D 2 a (4) BOHEMIAN 



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I D 2 a 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel , June 17, 1915. 

THE STRIKE ENDS 

(Editorial) 

The whole city was paralyzed by the strike of streetcar and elevated railway ^ 
employees, and if a settlement had not been reached, each additional day of the ^ 
strike would have caused losses going into millions of dollars* These losses ^ 
would have had to be borne not only by businessmen, but also, and to the greatest^ 
extent, by the workin^en, who were put to all kinds of inconvenience by the 30 
strike* The stopping of all transportation in a city such as Chicago, having ^- 
two million people, is an event which concerns, not merely one certain business o 
or industry, but the whole population that depends on transportation to the ^ 
centers of business and industry in the city* Any strike of long duration is 
bound to cause much inconvenience and financial loss, not only to the strikers 
and the ovmers of the companies, but through the stopping of streetcar trans- 
portation, loss of comfort and money for everybody* Thousands of people were 
deprived of the means of transportation Monday morning* Ttiey had to start out 



I D 8 > (4) - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (3) 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel , Jane 17, 1915* 

walking, take a railway train, hire or use an automobile or some other vehicle; 
and these emergency expedients cost more money, and did not offer any assurance ^ 
that the riders would arrive in time at their places of business, to say nothing^ 
of the discomfort which our people were bound to feel, in spite of the fact that^ 
they are accustomed to poor transportation and that the average Chlcagoan is ^ 

used to, and can stand, a lot of abuse. ^ 

o 

Railway companies running suburban trains had promised that they would take ^ 
care of the transportation needs of hundreds of thousands of people, but it was ^ 
evident during the strike that they were not in a x>osition to handle such large ~^ 
multitudes, even if they really made an honest effort to satisfy the needs of 
the public. The transportation on suburban railways was beneath criticism 
during rush hours, and there appeared to be little hope that any substantial 
Improvement could take place in case the strike should be a longer one. It 
seems absolutely impossible for the railways to replace the enormous net of 
streetcar and elevated lines, no matter how many trains are added to the normal 
ones. 



I D 2 a (4) - 3 - BQHSIflAN 



m 



IDS 

I D 1 a Dennl Hlasatel , June 17, 1915« 

The West Siders suffered most, as always. The needs of the North Side and the 
South Side are always taken better oare of and the transportation there, while ^ 
leaving mich to be desired, was Ineofflparably better than to the Northwest, West, ^ 
and Southwest Sides. The only transportation available to our connmnltles ^ 
from Pllsen way down to Hawthorne, Morton Park, and Bemyn, was the Burlington C 
Railroad, and that railroad did not put forth any special effort to add a suffl- ^ 
dent number of special trains; It even refused to permit stops where they were 
most necessary. 



o 



To all these troubles and dangers of Injury of various kinds, the immense finan- 
cial losses that the businessman and the worklngman had to suffer must be added. 

Another thing, any prolongation of the strike would have increased the danger 
of serious riots and bloodshed. These could be easily caused by the transporta- 
tion coiopanles In case they should hire strikebreakers, scabs, to operate their 
streetcars and trains. The City Council, true enough, has passed an ordinance 
prohibiting the hiring of strikebreakers, bu