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Full text of "Chicago foreign language press survey [microform] : Czech"

I F 2 - 5 - '• BOHEf^CIAxv 

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I C Svornost, March 6, 1884. 

A long and effective speech bv Ad# Chladek pleased everybody. The follow- 
ing additional speakers were elected for tomorrow's joint Bohemian-German 
meetingj Dr, Kohout, J, Kralovec and Jiri Nikodem. 



Tomorrow's meeting is the most important one and it should be demonstrated 
to the Germans and to the other nationalities, with whom we will fight, 
that we know how to handle our affairs and that it vrould be unwise for 
them to scorn our Bohemian power in the 8th ward. 






Concluding this meeting, there was an appeal to the Bohemian citizens of ^ 

the 8th ward to appear at tomorrow's meeting in Houdrov Hall in large Q 

numbers and not to be confounded by the Germans. Strive to gain the oj 
respect of other nationalities is what was recommended. 






I F 2 BOKEIvIIA^ 

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I F 6 Svornost, March 4, 1884» 

MEETING OF THE BOHEMIAK CITIZENS Hi TliE 8TH WARD; V. KASPAR ^ 

ACCEPTS THE PROPOSED CAKDIDACY FOR ALDERMAN F 

r— 

TJ 

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Yesterday a meeting was held in the hall of the Bohemian-American Sokol. S 
The meeting was called by the Bohemian Independent Club and had an ^ 
exceptionally large attendance. About sixty Bohemian citizens were present Ci 
and the majority of them joined the club. The meeting was opened by the 
chairman, Mr, Patera, who expressed his satisfaction at the large attend- 
aace and encouraged persistence, '7fe must open our eyes and look forward 
before we will vote for a German or an Irishman," 

Mr» Valis said, "This is the only way to organize if we are to support 
and elect a Bohemian, I don't trust the Germans and unless we \inite 
ourselves firmly, our Bohemian candidate will be ashamed of the number 
of our votes," 



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Svornost, March 4, 1884, 



Mr« Patera approved of this idea but was of the opinion that in case the 
club members decided that it would be impossible to elect a Bohemian 
candidate, the support of a German vrould be more prudent than the support 
of an Irishman* 



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Mr. Mracek agreed with the idea and said that the Irishmen are insolent <uj 
and selfish, supporting only themselves and absolutely indifferent to 
the needs of other nationalities, that's why every Bohemian citizen should 
agitate among his friends and neighbors to vote for a Bohemian candidate* 

Mr* Novak reminded us hov/ convenient it is when we can use our mother 
language in public office and it would be really a shame should the 
Bohemians show their indifference in the coming eleotion* 

Mr* Bencs stated that many of the present citizens are not acquainted 



I F 2 - 3 - BOHEMIA!^ 



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IV Svornost, March 4, 1884. 

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with our relation to the German electors. Ke explained all important relations 
we ever had with the Germans and concluded his speech with the statement 
that since the Germans are willing to support us, why should we antagonize 
them* 






Mr. Valis expressed his confidence in the Bohemians. "They should understand ^ 

that they must be victorious," he said. "We have a Bohemian on the Board S 

of Education and in the Public Library, both chairmen, respectively. Why g 

should vie not have a Bohemian alderman?" E^j 

en 

Mr. Chladek spoke next. "It is important to elect a Bohemian alderman who 
would be honest and take the greatest care of the interests of his ward." 
He mentioned that he had information that the Germans are not thinking 
so favorably of us, that the Germans intended to cooperate with us only 
temporarily, and that they have organized themselves only for our interests. 

Four of their committees vrill support someone named Nagel, an Irishman, 
and the Bohemians will be persuaded to vote for him. The speaker said 



I F 2 - 4 - BOHEMIA N 

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rv Svornost, March 4, 1884. 

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that such a German program would give us no privileges at all* He supposed 

that the Germans would keep faith with us but he was in doubt about it» 25 

The Bohemian comm ttee should act very carefully, because some of the 5 

Germans will vote for Nagel and others for Peldman, consequently it would "p: 

be wise for Bohemians to have a candidate of their own, one that possesses <3! 

the fullest confidence of the people. Such a one is Vaclav Kaapar. Ig 

o 

Mr# Vaclav Ka'spar then took the floor and said, "I am elected as a can- c*> 
didate for alderman in the 8th ward, but it is not so easy to win the ^ 
election as it looks. We have very many Irishmen in our ward. It is *" 
possible that in this part of the ward a Bohemian could be elected, but 
in the west part of the ward the Irish majority is considerable, and as 
the Irish voters remain united, everything does not look so promising. What 
relates to me , my family and my business, does not permit me to accept 
the nomination, because I would bo forced to neglect my business." 

Mr. Geringer then spoke: "Today's meeting was called for the purpose of 



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Svornost, March 4, 1884, 



finding out if we Bohenians are sufficiently strong in voting power^" ^ 

His advice was not to undertake the forcing of our candidate, but to delay ^ 
in this for the future, and to support this time anybody rather than Lawlerv- 
Our first attention should be directed to the removal of Lawlcr from office^ 
and this could be achieved only by setting against him a very strong can- r- 
didate, worthy of general confidence. It may be a Bohemian or a German, o 
Bohemian or German we don' t want him to lose to an Irishman, •;~t 

It would be even more advisable to elect this time a good, honest Irish- 
man if only to defeat Lawler, who is running on the Independent ticket. 
The question before us should be, should we elect a Bohemian candidate 
at this meeting or support the German candidate? 

Mr, Chladek could be very useful in helping us to decide this question 
by telling us, approximately, the number of voters in our ward that are 



I F 2 - 6 - BOHEMIAM 

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IV Svornost, March 4, 1884, 

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Bohemians, Germans, and Irish respectively. Ad, Chladek answered: 

"In the west part of the ward there are many Americans and only a few ^ 

Irishmen and they would unite against the Irish candidate, because they 5 

dislike the Irish methods of administration. The total number of c:; 

voters in our ward is about 3, 000, Should all the Americans, the better ^'^ 

class of Irishmen, the Bohemians and the Germans, unite in our ward, there -n 

would be about 1,300 votes for the Bohemian or German candidate. This o 

number of votes would enable the Bohemian or German candidate to win ^^ 

because there would be more candidates" in the "field and none of thoa .^ 

would be able to poll this number of votes. The Bohemian votes amount *" 
to about 300." 

Frant Kaspar insisted that the members should not retreat from putting 
a candidate in the field, but should appoint him at once and at the 
meeting that was then going on, 

Mr« Patera again asked whether it would be absolutely impossible for 
Vaclav Kaspar to accept the nomination. 



I F 2 - 7 - BOHEMIAw 



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IV Svornost, March 4, 1884. 

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Mr. Chladek brought out the fact of the jealousy that exists between the 

Irishmen, "There is no doubt," said Mr. Chladek, "that the Irish will ^ 

have two, three or maybe four ceoididates in the field. Consequently, we <^ 

should be able to win with our c&ndidate. This is possible, but it S 

demands hard work. We should canvass from house to house, talk to the j- 
voters and persuade them to go to the polls and vote for our Bohemian 



not be bought for money and that there were no Bohemians of bad character 
that could be diverted from the Bohemian candidate. 

J, Kralovec said that the committee had done eveirything that could be 
done according to its promise and that all Bohemians would be very pleased 
if their candidate would accept the nomination. The committee was advised 
to turn its attention to the fact that the whole procedure of election and 



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candidate." Mr. Chladek further contended that Bohemian votes could ^ 



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Svornost, March 4, 1884« 



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nomiiiation should not be made public before the suitable time» T/Ke have r~ 

considered Vaclav Kaspar as the only person among us Bohemians to be ^ 

worthy of representing us honorably in the City Council, said to be sup- o 

ported not only by Bohemians but by other nationalities. ^ 

Vaclav Kaspar took the floor and said: "The committee fulfilled its duty *=" 
in visiting m«» At that tiirse my ans-.er was that it would be impossible for 
me to accept the nomination. However, since then my countrymen have 
insisted that I do their will, and since their will is law for me I 
accept the candidacy. (Stormy and long applause.) I demand, however, 
that the committee takes care to see that we have numerous and better 
attended meetings and to find means by which a more serious interest in 
future election may be instilled in our Bohemian citizens." 

Mr. Geringer pointed out that the Germans were divided into two factions 
and some of their votes would undoubtedly pass to us, which would make 
our problem easier. He was of the opinion, however, that it would be 



I F 2 - 9 - BOHEJ-IIAw 

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rV Svornost , March 4, 1884. 

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a question as to yrtiether we are supported by others* 



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Mr* Kostner then said: "We will make a big step forward when we elect today r— 

our candidate, oven in case he should be defeated. There are very many ^ 

voters among the different parties and nationalities who would vote for c 

anybody, so long as it was not Lawler. We have gained very much since ^, 

Vac, Kaspar accepted the candidacy, because he is known as an exceptionally ^• 

honest man, not only among the Bohemians, but among the Germans and the *^' 
Irish. ' . 

Mr. Kaspar will gain many German and Irish votes, consequently he has 
the best chance to be elected." 

Mr. Kralovec paid attention to the fact that we can expect victory if 
there will be seven candidates on the ticket. He warned the audience 

that this coming Thursday there would be a joint meeting with the Germans 
and we must be represented very strongly if we wish our candidate to defeat 



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IV Svomost , March 4, 1884» 

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the German candidate. Everyone should be present. There are always around ^ 
one hundred Germans at their meeting, and our maximum today is sixty ^ 
members • -c; 



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Mr, i^ovak was given the floor and said: **We don't need thieves and men 

of leisure in the City Council. V. Kaspar could have been a member of 

the Council long ago, but he hesitated to accept the nomination because 

he is an honest man." (The speaker was reprimanded by soir.e of the members ^i 

many times because of his discouraging remarks against the candidate.) itr 

Mr. Svojze then said, "Vftiy should we not nominate a candidate? There is 
no reason for it. Should our candidate win, it will be all right; should 
he be defeated, it will be all right too. Win or lose we will gain expe- 
rience that will be of benefit to us in the future," 

Mr. Sues land thought it was a hard problem to get a candidate. A motion 



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IV Svornost, March 4, 1884. 

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■was then passed that on the morrow (V/ednesday) a meeting should be held 
again. Tomorrow's meeting would be a day before the general meeting of 
Bohemians and Germans. The purpose of the meeting of tomorrow was to gain 
new members and to be more strongly represented at the joint Bohemian- g 
German meeting. 



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The meeting adjourned, en 



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bchh:l:iak 



Svornost , ?e"b. 15 1 1884- 
BCHSIilAK INDEFiiNDENT CLUB IK 8TH '^itRD 




Bohemian Citizens, fulfill your duties. Don't be confounded by the GerHians. It 
looks like all nationalities in our city start to shovr more vitul dictorial ac- 
tivities, and it seems that the Boheiuiuns v.'ill not be behind others, and will 
participate in the fortncominf; election v.lth as much energy. Hot long ago there 
v;as founded a Republican club in "Pilsen" Hall and yesterday, the Bohemian citi- 
zens were called again v.'ith the pur;.»ose of organizing a club in the 8th V.'ard. 
The object of this club should be the election of our ovm candidates for the 
coming election and to put a decisive end to the rule of certain Aldermen, who 
are talcing care of everything in the world, l.ut the welfare of their comraunity. 

The meeting was called for 8 P.M. but opened at 9 F.'.;. It is impossible to 
pass in silence, the csrelescnese of the local Bohemians on almost all occas- 
ions in v/hich they should manifest their consciousness of the auties of a good 
citizen. But they show plenty of wisdom at home and in the saloons. They dis- 
cuss there all events of our political life, v/hat is right or ivrcng, which Al- 
dermen are taking care only of their pcckets, — and so forth. 



•^en it comes to the point, of being invitee to a meeting to take part in the 



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rvornost, Feb. 13, 1884. 



3CHE?.IIiiK 




mis- 



discussion, t^nd to help v/ith their votes to root out all dishonesty and m: 
chief, they neglect their citizens' duties, and stay at home or, v/hen they 
appear at the i-ieetin^,, they are as silent as fish. 

Yesterday a similar situation occured. The invitation tc the meeting was mail- 
ed many days ago and there v/ere present Jn the "Iloudkov" Hall as many as seven- 
teen Bohemian citizens from the whole 8th '.Vard. 

At the meeting; v.'ere present the delegates of the "German Club", v;hich v/as found- 
ed in the 8th V.'ard not ionp ago for the saiae purpose. The m'-etinr; v.-as opened 
by ?.'. Patera. In a few words he explained the purpose of the meeting and sug- 
gested the election of the Chairman, the Vice-chairman and the ?ecretary for 
today's meeting. L. V.'. Kadlec opposed an suggested the election of only two, 
the Chairman and the Secretary. The result of tho voting v/as as follov/: 
Chairman — ^'. putera, "Secretary — J. Benes- The Chairr.an immediately explained 
the purpose of today's meeting and calle for a speech from the rerman dele- 
gates, that they declare themselves iind lay the foundation for the mutual work. 
The German delegate Karl Tinkensie^jer explained what the idea v/as of the nev/ly 
organized club of German citizens of the" 8th V/ard, and that it is a v.ell knovm 
principle, that in unity is po'.vcr. That is why the "German Club" intends to 



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rvornost, Feu. 15. 1584. 



join the Bohemian Citizens of the 8ta V.'ard. This v/ill make the introduction 
to the City-Council of an honest and decisive Gerr.un or Bohe.uiar. candidate, 
much eu,sier. 




As the C-ernan delegate v;a£ speakinj: Cerrr.an, our Ad. Chladek jinsv.'ered in Ger:Tian 
and in his applauded speecii referred to the previous elections pointing, es- 
pecially, to the fact, that .ve aon't v/^nt to know or to talk at all about the 
RepuLlicans, the Democrats, the [Socialists und so forth, but only about our- 
selves and to help our comnon pro^^rtjn. 

He advised harn-ony and unity, the manlike action, not childish, and finished 
his speech with the statiraent, that it is impossible to be unable to bring iii- 
to office in the comin^^ election, a Bohemian or C-ermrai candidate for Alderman 
of the 8th V/srd. Tv;o Irish candidates would only help to scatter the votes. 
The speaker promised his highest cooperation and proposed to elect a special 



committer to be present at today's C-erna.. meeting, held at 8 P-M- 



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Canal Ct. It -.vac decided that everybody, time permitting, should be there. 



^ ^ 2 30E3taJ 



^ ^ ^ Svornost, r.ar. 2o, 1333, 

LOCAL rCLI?I03: JOZ: Ili^'J. ?aR ALD2:i:MA.:: 0? 1^:2 STK i7ARD. 

The Independent Democratic Club in the 6th vTard proposed at yesterday's meet- 
ing our c ount ri'.nian John Kalal for the City Council. 

It was done to have our own representative in the Cit;.- Council, There are 
in the 6th ward 1,700 Bohemian votes, which v/ill be deposited for I'x, Kalal. 
As I.lr. Kalal was not prese-it at t"..e rieetin^^, there was s&rit to hir. a commit- 
tee to notify him of the nomination. lie was thankful for t.'e honor, wliich 
was shown hii.i and promised to answer, tonii^ht, if he vK;uld accept the candi- 
dacy, 

John Kalal is a foreman in the Harvey lumberyard. 



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BOHEMIAN 



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Svornost . July 6, ISSO 

soes::ia:t politigat. CLirs 



Last Siindp7 pt a -^riv- te "leeting of several "Bohenirn citisen? of the He- 
publicr-n, Democratic ^nd i'DOialist Parties, th-'^re v.ts or,.;anised f Bohenian 
Politics? Club, The ^.pln -pwr-io^e of this "lef^ting vps to discover if --jopf- 
ihle, v,'ayp ^nd means of in.iectin; more life into the oojitical activity of 
the 3oheni,-ns in Ci^icr- ;o, f=o th^^t the l.-^ck of interest orevpilin,]: in t.-e 
23a.st nij^lit oe overco^ne and that '-e ni-Jit "jrovp. oiir^el'.ves to "be a live 
political force r}.ich is to "be reckoned vith ^-nd respected hy other na- 
tionalitiep. " ' ,- " 

The main objective o:^ this '-"luo is to -jrot'^ct the int^^erts of -Bohemims 

and to achieve r.ucli ptrenejth f-f to apnure the election of ^ohe-iirn? into 

the varionp, city offices, vher^ they ??re needed ro thrt "-e -iT', not hrve 
to be,^ for oiar ^a^-^-a' rights. 

It v.- E decided t-> c,--^l tro -mblic rneotin,;? of Boh^mir^.ns, one on Sr-turda.y 
ni;-,ht in "Tel. Jod. Soinl" (Sycmastic Union Sokol) lia^'^, the second to. 
he held e.irly next -"eel: in the 6th Tar'l . 



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Svornof t . J^jI./ 6, 1380 

To t:i(^-Fe- neetin^ss v;ill Ise invited all oitiv;ftns, rithout re ;srd to .jolitical' 
parties, Fo th:i^t tliere nii^t be ,p public discussion ."^s to ??hpt ^^ould "be the 
"best for ,-11 conc-^rn'^d : rxd. w' et;ier t':ere is p. yossiljility of lonitin^; all 
forces in the interest of the ^ohenir-r-n nrtiona'' ity. Fir th-^ ^uroope of 
csllinj^ t'Mftse meetin^^r ? corn-uttee of three citizens v-ps appointed, Jr. 
Kohout, r'r. Stejskal end A. Pre,3ler. "^hev were instructed to announce the 
reetin^ss pnd prO'^iore the necess.^ry halls ps- rearona'bly pf posfrihle. 




I y 2 • BOHSailAN 

IT ■ ^ 

SYOR^TOST, March 31st, 1879. • 

^feriNG OF LABOR PARIT IN EIGHT WAR^ 

The meeting of the Labor Party section of the 8th Ward was called to order, ■by- 
George Cvachoucek, the section's agent, in the hall of "Tel, Jed, Sokol" 
(Gymnastic Society Sokol,) Pr, Kozak was elected chairman. Citizen J. B, Beloh- 
radsky in a lengthy speech encouraged a wide-awake particiT?ation in the coming elect- 
ions and urged everyone to "be especial'' y watchful for scoundrelism "by opposition 
parties. 

Citizen Reidling, Captain of the 8th Ward Section, st>oke in German and re- 
commended the Socialist Ticket, It is possihle in the 8th Ward to obtain specinien 
ballots at the office of "Svornost" at the hall of "Telocvicne Jednota Sokoi" 
(Gymnastic Society Sokol) and from citizen J. Cvachoucka. Every sitizen can take 
part in the distri\>ution of the specimen ballots and in fact it is one of his ,d"'ities 
to do so. Those willing to do so will report to the above named. Many new -nembers 
were accepted into the section. 

Thereafter meeting was adjourned. ' '. • ' 





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Svornost. Chicago September Uth, 1372. 

Ceetl 80Cialiste(Bohemlan Socialists) 

Yesterday's meeting of Bohemian Socialists in the 6th Ward was well attended, 
Martin Bamruker acted as chairman and J. Beran as secretary. The old agitation 
committee reported on its accomplishments. Report was accepted. 

The new committee appointed is as follows: First Section, L. Meilbek, Matej 
Lcstina and Jan Baumn:iker; Second Section, Citizens Pavel, Hloucal and Svehla. 
Leo Mellbck was a-opointed agent of the Section. 

Several candidates endorsed for County and State office. 



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I F 2 BQHBMIAN 

I C Svomost , Vol, III, No. 227, Chicago, June 28tli, 1878. 

f (SOCIALIST MEETIKG) 

A Joint meeting of Czech, German , Sngllsh and Scandinavian units of the Socialist 
Labor Party was held last night at 130 Canalport Avenue. 

Citizen Krlstof called the meeting to order. Felix Richter, elected Chairman 
and Lew Meilbeck Secretary* 

Citizen Krlstof was given a vote of thanks for past services as captain of 6th 
ward and citizen Roth was elected captain for the next meeting which will be 
held the next Friday at this same address* 




I F 2 BOHSMIAy 

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17 Svomost , Vol. Ill, No, 225, Chicago, June 26th, 1878. 

^fflETING OF SOCIALIST PABTT IN SIXTH WAI^ 

All members of the Socialist Labor party of the 6th Ward are requested to s 
attend a meeting Thursday, June 27th at 8:00 P«M, at 130 Canalport Avenue* ^ 



Bohemians are also Invited as there will be Important matters discussed* 



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P* Hudek-Agent* o 



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I. ATTITUDES 
F. Politics 
3. Programs 
and Purposes 



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I F 5 BOHSLIAN 

Denni IHasatel , Nov, 2, 1922, 

A I^EETING PROTESTING 
THE mm STATS COI.'STITUTION 

Last Tuesday night a meeting was called in the Pilsen Park pavilion "by 
the Svaz Svobodomyslnych (Federation of Bohemian FreethinJcers) for the 
purpose of protesting the proposed revision of the state constitution. 2 
The revision is to be placed before the Illinois voters on December 12 ^ 
/T9227 for their decision. The attendance at this meeting v;as not great, 
"a siTuation brought about by the public interest in the closing important 
political campaign. Interest oi' the people has been diverted from other 
issues and concentrated on the possible outcome of the elections to take 
place next Tuesday, One of the speakers v;as also I.ir. i;^rel J. L'ichal v/ho, 
thoxigh he v;as a member of the constitutional convention, voted against the 
proposed revision, and in the meeting ^/called by the Svaz/ save reasons 
why it shovild be defeated. The program also contained some musical numbers. 



30 






I F 5 B0K?3vTIAIT 

IIIB 2 

I B 1 Denni Hlasatel . Oct, 27, 1922, 

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III C A C3ALL ISSUED BY THE BOHEMIAN 

I J FR3ETHINKSHS OF CIC3H0 

Friends and citizens of both sexesl UTienever our liberty, which is guaran- 
teed by the Constitution of the United States, is threatened, the free- 
thinkers are ready to defend it, no matter what their political i>arty may be. 
The people are entitled to learn about danger impending in order to be able 
to combat it successfully. The citizens of Illinois will on December 12, 1922 
have an opportunity to vote on the proposed nev; revision of the State consti- 
tution. Among other provisions, which form the parts of the new revision 
there is one irtiich says that it is not in contravention of the /spirit ofj 
the constitution of the State to introduce the teaching of the Bible into the 
public schools, 

T5ie liquor prohibition was introduced against the will of the people, and 



I F 5 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

I B 1 Dennl HLasatel, Oct, 27, 1922, 

I B 2 

III C no thinking individual can agree with it, for it caused more ^ 

I J alcoholics, more social and family disorganization, more muirders, 

and more deaths than occurred before it was imposed, \'}e have already had ', 

enough of the emasculation of our liberty for the benefit of a few individuals,' 

We have had enough of the evils which hooded sectarians have prepared for 

us under various disguises. 



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It is because of these facts that the Mstni Sdruzeni Svazu Svobodomyslnych 
Cicero (local branch of the Federation of Bohemian Freethinkers of Cicero) 
have xmdertaken to hold a public mass meeting on Sunday, October 29, 1922, 
The meeting is to take place at 2 P.M, in the large assembly hall of the T, G, 
ISasaryk School, West 22nd Place and 57th Avenue, Cicero, Illinois, 

Every feature of the proposed new revision of the State constitution will be 
properly explained to the people. There will be good speakers there who will 



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I F 3 - 3 - BQHEIyllAN 

III B 2 

I B 1 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 27, 1922. 

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III C address the meeting in English and in Czech. The program will 

I J also provide entertainment. 



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Admission v;ill be free. Therefore let all the citizens of Cicero and vicinity ^ 
attend this meeting. !— 

Frantisek Suchy, president - 

Frank ilrupar, secretary T 

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1x5 DOHSLIIi^T 

I -. 1 a 

III C Denni Elasatel , Oct. 7, 1922. 

13 2 

TK3 BOEai^HiiN FRS3 TtlOUGHT LIDVEliaiT HI 
CHICAGO AIJD IliBJOIS 
Freethinkers! Defend Your Children -vfjainst ^..ttacks ^ 

iiade on Their Education *" 

r" 
During the raonth of December tho nev/ state constitution will be placed before <Z 
the Illinois voters. In this proposed nev/ constitution, among other things, ^ 
there is a clause perraitting the teaching of the Bible and religious ethics 2 
in the public schools. That the danger is great is apparent from the fact ^ 
that among those delegates sent by the citizenry to the constitutional 
convention to defend our liberty, the only one v;ho raised his voice against 
the proposed ne\v constitution was lir. Ilichal, The rest of the purported 
defenders of freedon kept still, thus accepting the nev; proposals, and thus 
also joining the ranks of those who attempt to tamper v;ith our freedom. Vfnen 
such an attack on o\ir free educational institutions is penaitted to go on, 
the question reiiiains: "V/hat vail our citizens have to say about it?" Let us 
hope that our citizenry v/ill say "no, a thousand times no"; and that they will 



ro 



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I F 5 - 2 - BOHEMIAy 

I A 1 a 

III C Dennl Hjaaatel . Oct, 7, 1922. 

I B 2 

be successful in beating back the attack made fpn our free institutions^ 
at the next election. V7e hare already had enough of this constant emasculation 
of our liberty for the benefit of a few individuals. ^ 

f— 

The prohibition act was introduced over the heads of the people, an act with C 

which a reasonable hiunan being could not agree, for it produces more alcoholics, ^ 

more family disorganization, more murders, more deaths than were usual before 2 

it was introduced. The prohibition act brouglit about a disrespect of all law; ^ 
It led to a creation of capital among a few at the expense of the many. It is 
the worst kind of way of producing wealth. 

The danger now threatens all the people because of the proposed revision fpt 
our constitution, it is an attack made on labor vrtiich would be deprived of 
its freedom to organize and its class-conscious efforts. It is a nest arrogant 
attack made upon the freedom of the people, upon the education of the young, 
whom we desire to develop into full personalities, equipped with a knowledge 



r% 



I F 3 - 3 - BOHELIIAN 



I ii 1 a 

III C Denni Klasatel . Oct. 7, 1922. 

I B 2 

of how to work for the good of the whole. The rights of the v;onian as 
an educator of her children are likev;iss to be rendered sterile, and the -^ 
workinginan is to be still more enslaved i,nd oppressed. Should the proposed 5 
revision really pass, there could be no question of a true freedom, of a true '^ 
humaneness, and of civilization, r^ 

TO 

Vflienever and viherever the constitutional rights of men, guaranteed by the o 
Constitution of the United States, are attacked, the Statni Svaz Svobodonyslnych co 
V Illinois (State Federation of Boheriiian Freethinkers of Illinois) , located in § 
Chicago, raises its rijjht arm calling all liberal-minded citizens to the defense. "^ 
The people must learn about the danger which threatens then; they, too, must act 
to v;in a decisive victory over the proposed attack on their rights. In this 
sense the Svaz Svobodorayslnych has already started extensive action; there will 
be mass meetings of our people in all parts of Chicago and the suburbs, in which 
this matter will be explained in greater detail. Tlie follov;ing nee&ings were 
already projected: Bohemian California, October 15, 1922; Town of Lake, also 
on October 15; Cicero, October 29; and one general mass meeting which v;ill voice 



I F 5 - 4 - 30HSLiI/iIT 

I A 1 a 

III C Dennl Ilia sat el . Oct. 7, 1922. 

I B 2 

oixr protest one week before the jToveiriber election. To this last meeting ^ 
v;e shall also invite our Bohenian politicians so that they micht tell us hoxv 
they propose to v;ork against that v.'hich the people do not desire. 



3> 



We have already started the ball rolling, and nov/ issue a call to action. Vfe ^ 

should like to see all of our citizens at the ^bove-nentione^ meetings; in 2 

fact, they should drop everything and cone to these neetine'S, for their liberty ^ 

and the futxire welfare of their children are at stake. Forward, then, under I!^ 

the battle flag of the liberal-minded citizenry; forward, you liboral-mindod ^ 
citizens, you workingjnen, you progressives! Prepare yourselves to for:a the 
battalions to overcoae the attacks ^n our freedory^. This is your dutyl 

Statni Svaz ovobodo^y■slni'■ch Illinois, 
Chicago, Illinois: 
Josef LIusil, president, 
Frantisek Strunc, secretary. 



I g 5 BOHavIlAN 

I ? 1 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 9, 19£2. 

/the PRBIAET SLSCTIONZ 
(ilditorial) 



-n 



...•The most Luportant thing in th? primai^^ election next Tussday ".vill be :»• 

the choice of such candidates as would be of use to our Boheiiiian President ■'— 
/of the County Board of Coa-uissioners/, provided he be elected to that office, r^ 

.'."hy we should elect him v;as nade sufficiently clear to us in the newspapers -o 

and in meetings, but all that could have been said was not made public... o 

Thus, for instance, the building of a large athletic stadium in one of the Lo 

county forest preserves is an excellent idea which surely ;vill please our 1;:^ 

Soicols and the managers of large athletic festivals "" 



I F 3 BOHEJJIAN 

I F 1 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel , ^pr. 7, 1922, 

IV 

POLITICAL IlATTERS 

A meeting of Czechoslovak wo.'nen voters of Democratic persuasion took place 
in Mr. tlacek's hall on Kedzie ^venue last night. The attendance \^;as so 
large that the hall was overcrowded. Under the chairmanship of Lrs, Josefa 
Sedlacek the ladies discussed the ensuing primaries, assuring us that as 



S? 



far as their families and friends are concerned every member of them vdll -d 

do his or her utmost to support our Czechoslovak candidates. The ladies were ^^ 

later addressed by several invited speakers of whom i,-x. Otto R. i\ierst de- {i: 

livered a speech full of humor and satire, "^ 

Tonight there will be several precinct meetings in the Twelfth V-ard, and it ?-• 

is desirable that all our Czechoslovak voters attend them. An excellent & 
piece of propaganda is being performed by the members of the Lawndale Automobile ^ 
Club, and, as is v;ell known, this club consists almost exclusively of members 
of the Bohemian colony known as the Bohemian California district, Lost of 
thexa are wealthy citizens, and they number about three hundred. All of them 



I F 3 - 2 - BOHELIAIT 

I F 1 

I F 4 Denni Klasatel , ^^.pr. 7, 1922. 

rv 

send letters to their friends and acquaintances, calling attention 
to the primaries, and urging everybody to go to the polls, xill this vdll, 

of course, add much to the victory of ikj?. imton J. Geriaak and Li*. Josef Mendl, 



2 



pa 



S 
DJ 



I ? 5 B0E5T.IIAN 

I F 5 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 23, 1921. 

AL^SRI'AII TRJ^T:-: KLAIT3 TJilFS^-iTi'D 
A Decisive Victory Ac:iieved by the United Democratic 
and l-iepublican Political Machines in the Tenth ./ard 

Although there v;ere very few candidates and the vote v/as proportionally 
licht in yesterday's elections, nevertheless, the results were not made 
public until late last night 



^ 



-o 



Of all our Bohemian warus, only the Tenth ..ard had a contest which aroused 5 
attention. Alderman ."'rank L'lause had an opponent in the other alderman ^ 
of the Tenth .'/ard, lir, James I.'ci:ichols, who, in spite of the fact that he ^ 
is to serve another year of his old term, v/as running for the office of 
alderman a^^ainst Aldeman Klaus. The stirufj^le was close and exciting. 
Both political machines. Democratic and Republican, supported Alderman 
McNichols. Alderman Klaus ;vas supported only by Bohemian citizens who 
wished to secure rei^resentation for the old Bohemian bulwark in the City 



en 



I ? 5 - 2 - BOKBIJIAI-I 

I F 5 

IV Denni laasatel . Feb. 23, 1921. 

Council, But they v;ere defeated. There were about 1,700 votes cast for 
Alderman ?:iaus, and about 3,300 voter, casi. for Alderrrian McNichols, Thus, 
a vmrd which for more than thirty years has been represented by at least 
one Bohemian alderman, will have only one representative in the new City 
Council, and an Irishman at that 

In the Ti'jelfth ./ard. Alderman Anton J, Cermak v;as re-elected. 

In the Thirty-fourth .7ard, Alderman Joseph. 0, Kostner gained a brilliant 
victory over his tv;o opponents § 

Co 

o 

fo 
■•~l 
en 



5 



-o 



' -• <*J <«M«MH 



T TP "T n^-rrrT-'T 

I J 5 

I ? 1 JGnni ::iasatel , Feb, -;0, 1921. 

:a. G;5c?.Gu; j. zruoT givcs il- ins c.-jididaoy 

Cur countr:r.:r.in, !:r. '(>eor:];3 T. '-irust, v;ho was ru:inin,-T for the office of 
alderman of the Tonth ".'ard, r:.;ve up his candidacy in favor of .JLuer..:an 
i'rank IZlc.as, -ind his action v/ill surelv be approved by our Eohe.'tiiaii citi- g 
zans, :Ir. Zrast advised us about his move in the follov.in^ commiication, '■$ 
in v/hich he savs: <---. 

".ifter thorounii consideration, I have decided not to rur for the office of j- 
alderjTian of the Tsnth ;Vard, and I hereby urr:e all my friends and other .'^ood £'' 
citizens of the Tenth ..ard not to vote for ixe next Tuesday, buc to go to I. 

the pollin.f!: pi .ces and vote for Alder.iau France Klaus. .ere it not for the k- 
fact tiiat the ballots are already printed, I -./ould as'.: the election con- 
nission to throv rr^r nane out. Jut it is too late to do tliis nov;. I cannot 
understand why tho Tenth ./ard ijhould not have tv;o aldemen, just like £iny 
otiier .vard in th'? city, esi^eciall:' \"hen so .-^any important questions are to 



ti. 



I ? 5 

I ii' 1 Denni Illasatel , ^Teb. 20, 19il. 

be decided by the City Council in the near future. I give up i.iy candidacy 
in order that ^11 voters of the Tenth ..'ard v;ho ..rish to be represented by 
t;vo alderraen can concentrate their support upon one candidate. 

".'J-deiTian Janes r.cKichols v;as elected last :.'ear for a terra of t;70 :.'ears, thiit 3^ 
is, until April, 1922, .Iderraan ICaus' term v.'ill expire next April, If 
.'■■.Iderman Klaus is defeated next luesda;''-, tiien the Tenth ..'ard is coinc to be 
represented 'err onlv one aldornan durinc the period of one or probably tv;o 
years. But if Alderriian Mcllichols is defeated by .llderMan }CLaus, then I 

I'cITichols will still be an alderrjin for the re. iainin<:3 fourteen months of o.- 

his term, to which he v;as elected a --ear ifio, .Iftei- the expiration of l^^: 

this tern, he caii again run for fne office, as is custoiaar:- for aluernen of ^ 

other ..'ards, 

"7.017 is .■JLdernian llcUichols runnin.c for the office this year v/hen his tern 



r— 



p:- 



I J 3 - 3 - BciLi :i.;i: 

I F 5 

I ? 1 Denni "lusatel , ?ob. 20, 1921. 

does not expire until a year from nov;? Ir, it only because he and his 
friends thin.: that tLere is a c'^od chance of reducinc the representation 
of Loher.ians in the City Council? Cr is it nerely proof O-' his jratitude :§ 
for the support siveji to hin by .JLaeman klaus .nd our country.":en in every 
one of his canpair-ns? .-.Iderinan Klaus supported .ddennan LlcIIichols at over;.'' "p 
opportunity. r 

"The record ac.iievad by ;,.ldor.nan Klaus is o::ccellent. '.le deserves the sup- {■ 
port of the people, and his acitvity s.iould be recognized. 



-c- 



I- 



"In my opinion, it would be a -^reat mistake if he v/ere not elected. 

"Respectfully yours, 
"C-eorge J. ^rust. ' 



^1 I F 5 BOHSIJ.^^ 

I F 4 

III A Denni Hlasatel . Nov. 25, 1920. 

THE TEimi ;AHD CITIZifflJS' HIGHT3 HiiSPSCTlilD 

Yesterday's report about the new redivision of Chicago wards aroused consid- 
erable astonishment among Czechoslovak voters of the Tenth ..^rd, and the 

action undertaken yesterday in this regard gives hope that the original plans :g 

yri.ll be changed. The election committee of the City Council held its meeting i> 

yesterday afternoon, at which the redivision work should have been accomplished,. "^ 

but they postponed the matter temoorarily. The meeting v;as attended by rj 

Bohemian voters vAio came to protest against the unjust and impractical redivi- -c 

sion. Because of their vigorous protest, it was finally decided to postpone o 

the matter until tomorrow, Lo 

o 
ro 

Tomorrow's meeting of the election committee vri.ll be called to order at "^ 

II A. IT. in the City Hall and will be attended by representatives of the 
Bohemian press and by other citizens who will again protest against the 
redivision of the old Tenth ..'ard, I^epresentatives of the Bohemian press 
will meet at 10 A. L. and will attend the meeting of the election committee 



I F 


3 


I F 


4 


III 


A 


in a body. 



- 2 - BOIMJ/iN 

Denni Hlasatel. Nov. 25, 1920. 



Results of yesterday's meetinci;, thanks to the vi^:orous protest of Bohemian 
voters, ?;ive hope that the redivision v;ill be coraoleted to the satisfaction 
of citizens of the Tenth .'ard v;ho live south of the Burlin.^on and Qi-iincy 
Railroad tracks. 



-o 

o 

CO 

en 



•, IF 


3 


I F 
III 
I c 


4 

A 



BOFFI^flAN 
Dennl Hlasatel. Nov, 24, 1920. 
Jmi HEDIVISION OF WATOS 
(Editorial) 

• 

Just recently a plan to divide our city into fifty wards was prepared by the ^ 

election committee of the Chicago City Council and will be presented in to- 2 

dear's Council meeting for approval. The result of this work shows plainly <:x 

that the interest and wishes of our citizens were a last consideration. Ever r~ 

since the beginning of the negotiations, it was apparent that the committee ^ 

was primarily and exclusively interested in securing positions for certain o 

ed.dermen by shaping their wards in such a way that they would be sure of re- ^ 
election, and secondarily, they wanted to satisfy several of our city hall poli- S 

ticians. The wards were redivided, regardless of the wishes £ind wants of our "^ 

citizens 

Citizens of our Tenth Ward will be among those who will be disappointed with 
this redivision, said they will surely be angry. The committee was expected to 



' 1^3 - 2 - BQHSIJIAN 

I F 4 

III A Denni Hlasatel . Nov, 24, 1920. 

I C 

recognize the Burlington and '^uincy Railroad tracks as a natural boundary, 
and to create a new v/ard of parts of the Tenth and Tv;entieth V/ards and probably 
also part of the Eleventh Vfard. But this did not happen. Instead of such 
boundaries v;hich v;ould be recognized as Just by anyone, the nev; v/ard will extend 
all the way to Polk Street, and on the west side only to Fisk Street. The re- '^ 
suit of this would be that our Tenth 'Jard would be torn to pieces and several ^ 
of our Bohemian and Slovak precincts would be merged v/ith Jewish or Italian -n 
districts on the north side of our ward. Also, the natural result of this v/ould o 
be that Bohemian voters of the present Tenth 'Jard v/ould be left without repre- oo 
sentation in the City Council, and this old bulwark of Lohemian Democrats would § 
cease to exist. "^ 

Just how the Czechoslovak people of the Tenth and Twentieth I7ards will feel 
about such a redivision can easily be anticipated. Czechoslovak people of the 
Tenth V/ard should, without ceremony, give these politicians who arc responsible 
for such redivision to understand that they are not pleased v;ith everything 
which is prepared for them against their wishes. They should protest against 



-o 

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\ I F S - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 4 
III A Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 24, 1920. 



I C 



such heedless action. 



Because we are familiar with the sentiment of our Tenth Ward citizens, we cam 
assure those aldermen and politicians who are interested in such unjustified .^ 
redivision of the Tenth Ward that a great disturbance will be aroused not only ^ 
in the Tenth Ward, but all over Bohemian Chicago if this ward, which became the .^ 
foundation of the political strength of the Bohemian element in Chicago, will "^ 
be bartered away to other nationalities. Therefore, we most emphatically ^ 
appeal to our Bohemian aldermen, regardless of what ward they represent, to 2 
take the necessary steps against any redivision of wards which is not just to co 
the Bohemian voters. If these aildermen will not do this, then they will be '"^ 
called before the people's judgment; they will be questioned without mercy as 
to why thousands of Bohemian and Sloveik voters should be deprived of representa- 
tion in the City Council, and we are sure that those who betray the interests 
of our people will be adjudged accordingly. 



en 






I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

I B 2 

I F 1 Denni Elasatel , Apr. 1, 1918. 

STATE3,iSKT FROK TIE OFFICES OF 'IKS TRUSTiijlS OF TEiS 
CZECK0-3L.^V AMERIC/iN AlJDITORim: 

The election on April 2 is of great importance to all liberal elements and 

friends of personal liberty. The trustees of the Cesko-Slovanska Americka 

sin (Czecho-31av American a.uditoriura), 1436-1440 V/est 18th Street, request 

all members of oixr organizations to appear at the polls; not only that, but ^. 

also that they take along those members of their families and friends who [^ 

are registered voters. ^ 

Prohibitionists are attempting to "dry up" Chicago. They even want to do oj 
away with the legal sale of light alcoholic beverages, such as wine and beer, J;' 
which are dispensed at our entertainments and festivals. Should they succeed, ^ 
it would mean a mortal blow to our social gatherings and our halls. It would 
also impose unbearable taxes on tradesmen, businessmen, and norkingrrien. 

The more of our people who vote on April 2, the harder it will be for the drys 



I F 5 - 2 - B0HEI.1IAN 

I B 2 

I J 1 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 1, 1918. 

to obtain signatures for their next petition, v;hich they v;ill surely -circu- 
late again at the first opportunity. It is necessary to forestall this pro- 
posed violation of personal liberty of the population of our city, and it 
should be done by the vote. 

For the trustees of the Czecho-31av American Audit oriam. 



2 



J. Stepan, president; ^ 
J. Teply, secretary. i~ 



"J 



■> 
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30ini.Z.JT 



I 3 n 

I i: Jenni V.lvjzc.tel , Ij,r. 10, 1918. 

llcxt lYiesdcvy, Larch 12, is (joneral reflstrrition daj'' for all voters v;ho liave ^ 

iTiOved since the last re.'istration day, and for persons v/ho have reached the ^ 

lejal ace. xhis occasion is very i:.'.portant to us v;onen, as it dves us an "^^ 

02-portunit27 to incjterially influence the results of the ..pril election v.'hich :^ 

v;ill send the represent:.oiver; of each v.'ard into the City Council, It is the ^ 

duty of every consciencious v;0Man '.;ho enjoys the privile::e of voting to cast fe 

her votG for a candidate acccrdin • to lier best iud-onent. jsi 

The housevjife is confronted \vith thie> question: "./liat attitude to assuue in 
these tines v;hen total prohibition is threatenin-j to en;julf our city? Reforiners 
are proiisin^: a beneficiel chan;.:e of conditions. ..e -will have to scrutinize 
these pror.ises carefull:'-, :-'C.rticularly frou tlie standixjint of tlie taxpayers 
of our city. Can t^iose apoatles of prohibition perliaps explain to us hov; the 
bua.-et of t..e city is to be balanced v;hen seven nillioii dollars in saloon 



I J 5 - n - BC![^II.JI 

I .i 2 

I K Denni IIL-.s- '.tel, I.ar, 10, 191G. 

revenue vrill be niSvOinj^T J:c;erience teac]..er> us th.'.t sorie people are e::- 

pendir.;: lar^e anounts o? rjone" tc deprive the vrorVer of a refreE'-inp; drinl: to -^ 

which ;:e Ik r;CcuGtoned durinc hi" hours of rert and rclairation. These people ■-■^' 

are those wlio oppose the pa^n-ent of taxes that are properlj'' assessed in ~r 

proportion to their income and assets. Low nuch more v;ill they loath to pay ,.~ 

increased taxes due to the docreiient in the city revenue caused by the closing ys 

of saloons? Those same people arjjue thr-.t when no noney is spent for alcohol p 

ix>re i.ioney './ill be available for increased tax33, '.vh.at cibout "hose empty ,^s 

places of business, durin;^ this ti.iie? V.liat is Vi/aitin^; for the man v;ho is not ^ 

in a position to pay the .lort.r-ii.'e on his ]:one? '^ 

Thousuuds of people find occupations in the saloon business. Tiiey support 
fanilie:.!. Tl.eir neans of livelihood is jeopardized by the uenace of prohibition. 
•Should v;e not becojie interested in their situation? ^'oiiien voters! It is oiir 
duty to cive this isouo our careful attontion and vote accordingly! 

The coix.iittee on resolutions of the v, G. D. (Jednota GeskycL Dam, Csech 



17 5 
I 3 2" 
I K 

Ladies .association) • 



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30TT 






Donni 'Ilasatel, liar. 10, 1918. 



(Sinned) I.'w-rie Li ska, 
llcirie Snrclca 



I F 3 
I C 
I G 
TJ 



BOIBLIIMf 



Denni FJLasatel . liay 22, 1917, 



CITY" GOUI.^CIL i\)R CZ^CJI LIBERTY 



(Summary) 

The Czech aldemen have done their duty. The City Ooxmcil raised its 
voice for the liberation of our iioneland by passing a resolution pre- 
sented by /dderman Otto ILerner of the 12th ..ard, reading as follows: 

"President l.ilson, in deciding that this country enter the './ar, declared 
that we were going to battle for aims \7hich have ever been near our 
hearts, and for the independence of nations nov; under the yoke of auto- 
cracy 

"The .'J-lies have declared that the liberation of those nations shall be 
one of the conditions of the termination of the V.ar 

"Be it resolved by the Council of this city that the Czechs by rights 




I F 3 - 2 - BOIEI.riAN 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Llay 22, 1917. 

17 

should be free and independent; 

"Be it further resolved that the City Council send an appeal to the ^** 
President for the incorporation into the peace treaty of the clause F= 
concerning Czech freedom; <-' 



"And be it finally resolved that the City clerk send a copy of the 
resolution to the following: the President of the United States, the 
Vice-President, the Speaker of the Eouse, and to the chairmen of the 
Foreign Relations Committees of the Senate and the House." 

The city fathers listened very attentively to the reading of the res- 
olution, then passed it unanimously. 



.no 

i 

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I F 5 • BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , May 17, 1917. 

2^HARRIS0N FOR IJAYO^ 

(Editorial) 

Carter H, Harrison stated on his return to Chicago that he had no wish to be 
Mayor again. When he discovers in what regard the present mayor is held by 
the people of Chicago, he may change his mind, and perhaps consent to run 
again. 




I F 3 BOffrMTAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , May 4, 1917. 

^. O'CONNELL NEEES A EES^ 

(Editorial) 

Mr. O'Connell, chairman of the Illinois State Utility Commission, is on 
a furlough, to recuperate from the effects of overworking. The hardest 
part of this must have been his continual dodging of Czech citizens who 
urged him to order a dejwt of the Burlington Railroad in the Czech District 
of Pilsen, in Chicago, 




I F 3 BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 

I G Denni Hlasatel. May 1, 1917. 

I J - 

/president WILSON AND CENSORSHIP OF THE PRESS/ 

(Editorial) 

President V«ilson has taken a rational attitude concerning newspaper censor- 
ship; his reasoning is in perfect harmony v/ith the thoughts that guide his 
administration. He is not adverse to sane criticism, but rather takes 
directions from it. This sort of collaboration of the government with 
public opinion can produce only favorable results. According to the 
President's own words, nothing could damage the cause of the United States 
more than the introduction of a censorship which would deny the people 
their inalienable right to criticize the actions of public officials. 
There is much truth in this. A nation, which for years has been boasting 
of its liberty, v.ould scarcely be expected to stand the dictates of scmie 
farfetched Czarism. Everyone is subject to the commission of errors, and, 
therefore, so are the men at the helm of the state. This is obvious, e.g., 




I F 5 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Liay 1, 1917, 

I J 

in England, The British government has made mistakes galore, 
and would have perpetrated still more, had not forceful and vigorous criticism 
from the press stepped in. Even the German government had t o capitulate 
before censure, and it is no secret that in that state more radical arti- 
cles issue from the press now than ever before the war. 

The results of direct action by the press during the Spanish- American 
War is still renerabered in connection with the dirty profiteering trans- 
actions of the firms supplying the government v;ith staple goods in the 
form of deodorized and embalmed foodstuffs. Again, any responsible news- 
paper will readily submit to censorship in matters of a puiely military 
nature, as for instance tactical and strategic measures. This is uncon- 
ditionally a necessity. But it is unthinkable that censorship shoiild be 
tightened in the United States as recklessly as it is done in the auto- 
cratic countries. 




- I F 5 
I F 6 
I (J 



BO.iiHI/iIJ 



Denni Klasatel. Apr. 13, 1917. 

(iilditorial) 

The German Kaiser has promised to introduce inportant refoims for elec- 
tions in order to calm his embittered subjects. It may be presaged that 
after the '..ar the Germans v/ill not need his consent any more, especially 
if they should force the reforms after the precept of their Russian 
neighbors. 




I g 3 BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlaaatel. Feb. 17, 1916, 

EXCESSIVE TAXATION 

(Editorial) p 

Our countrymen in Berwjni recently held a meeting for the purpose of register- P 
ing a protest against excessive taxation, and their protest is entirely justi- ^ 
fied if we consider the amounts of their assessments* g 

No one need be surprised that the Berwyn citizens are making propositions to ^ 
the citizens of Cicero, and that the Czech community of Berwyn is requesting ^ 
to be made a part of Cicero, where taxes are much lower, and where the im- 
provements made for money assessed are clearly seen. 



I F 3 BOHEMIAN 

I F 4 

Demii Hlasatel . Jan. S8, 1916. 

FROM BSHV.YN .L\n) CIC2R0 
A Consultation Regarding the Q,u8stion of Joining with Cicero 

The Bohemian citizens of Ber.vyn are callin?^ another meeting for next Sunday, 
in which action is to be taken oi\ the proposal that the Bohemian wards become 
part of Cicero. 

One meeting was held last Sunday at the south end of the Bohemian colony, so 
the second one is now called to give the citizens living at the north end of 
Berwyn a chance to present their views about this very weighty problem. ^ 



Our countrymen in Berwyn justly complain that they do not receive the benefits 
to which they are entitled as taxpayers. The two wards in which they live have 
four representatives in the tovm council as compared to six for the south end. 
Consequently the residents in the fourth and fifth wards, who are chiefly 
Bohemian, while they still have to pay taxes, do not have the representation 
to which they are entitled. These '-vards receive such improvements as the 



Si 



3D 
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tr 



I F 5 - 2 - BOHSaili^N 

I F 4 

Denni ELasatel. Jan. 28, 1916. 

raajority of the aldermen decide to give "ttiem. 

Here is a little sample of the treatment the citizens of the fourth and fifth 
wards receive. The Bohemian alderman of the foiirth vard asked that the cross- 
ings at E6th Street be somewhat improved, so that people could cross the street, 
and that the mud be removed from the sidewalks. 



This is just one instance of the treatment the citiznes of the fourth and fifth 
wards receive from the politicians in "Old" Bervjyn. One can easily understand 
that there is general dissatisfaction, and the citizens are loudly proclaiming 
that only by joining, with Cicero, which has a more liberal administration, can 
better treatment be secured. 

The citizens voiced their discontent with the orevailina; conditions at a well 



3D 
O 



It took all of four months to have this done, and a committee, consisting of 

two aldermen from "Old" BerA^n and one from the fifth v/ard, had to be sent be- ^ 

fore permission was granted to diLmp several wagon]oads of cinders. 



■N3 



I F 3 - 3 - BOHSMIAN 

I F 4 

Denni ELasatel . Jan. 28, 1916. 

attended meeting last Sunday in Sokol Ber^/irjm Hall; and next Sunday, January 30, ^ 
at 1:30 P.M. a meeting '.vill be held at the Auditorium on Twelfth Street. -:i 



-T3 



Bohemian citizens, both men and women, should attend this meeting if at all 
possible. This will prove that our countrymen take a decidedly active interest o 
in a matter so important to us. It will be necessary to have everyone's co- 



LO 



operation to achieve the purpose which we so much desire. ^ 



.1 



I F 5 BOKSI^.^IA^T 

I B 3 b 

I M Denni Hlasatel , June 13, 1915. 

17 

A HAYGROWD FOR OLTR YCTJTH 






The graduates of the Farragut School at 24th street and Spaulding Avenue have 
iindertaken an important task: They want to get a playground for the children 
of our California district. The Municipal Council of Chicago is now establish 
ing playgrounds for children throughout the city, and it is up to us, the resi 
dents of Bohemian California, to see to it that our children also have a place 
to play — a place with good fresh air, and which is removed from the dangers of ^ 
the street. 



-T3 

o 



■ — I 



The desire to have such a playground near Farragut School is particularly justi- 
fied because the nearest playgrounds to that school are in Douglas Park, at 
Harrison School, and at KcCormick School. All these playgrounds are too far 
away. In our neighborhood there are 2,755 children between the ages of three 
and eighteen years, 1,546 of whom are pupils of the Farragut School. 

These children have no place to play in the open except on the street, v;here 



F 3 - 2 - BOHEJTIAK 



I B 3 b 

I II Denni Hlasatel , June 13, 191o. 

they are in constant danger of being run over. It is therefore the duty of ^ 
all of us to do all we can to have a safe place set aside for their recreation, ^-^ 
particularly as the establishment of a playground will not raise the taxes in p 
our ward. All we want is that, a playground for our children be established in 1^ 
our neighborhood instead of somewhere else, certainly a very logical and legiti- g 
mate requirement that should be supported by every man and every woman, especial-^ 
ly fathers and mothers. g 



tr 



In order to give this requirement a proper backing, the graduates of Farragut 
School have arranged for a huge meeting of residents which will be held in the 
hall of Farragut School July 18, at 8:00 F.l!. The meeting will be addressed by 
City Cierk LIr. Jan Siman, Aldermen Block and Otto Kerner, School Board member 
Joseph Holpuch, and Playground Jirector Theodore A. Gross. The orchestra of 
the graduates of Farragut School will play a number of selections. 

Citizens'. Let us fill the hall of Farragut School to the very last place'. Let 
us show that our neighborhood is inhabited by people who know how to defend their 



JL 



ITS - 3 - eohs?.t:an 

I B 3 b 

I M Denni Hlasatel , June 13, 1915. 

IV % 

rights, how to get what is due to theml Come all and hear our speakersl It ^ 

is to your interest to have a playr:round in your iinnediate neighborhoodl Show r= 

that you are sincere*. 



For the graduates of Farragut School; 
Joseph A. Cerny, president, 
Julie Kaspar, secretary. 



-o 

O 






I F 3 B(HEMIAN 

I D 2 a (2) 

I D 2 a (3) Dennl Hlasatel , June 2, 1915. 

JUDICIAL EXZCTIONS 

(Editorial) 

The great masses of our people have not yet a full understanding of the impor> !? 
tance of the office of Judge and of the Judicial elections. Hence, there is ^ 
a Justifiable apprehension that the coming Judicial election will be Just as r; 
poorly participated in as has been the rule with previous Judicial elections* -o 
The election of Judges should be receiving greater attention than any other o 
local or county election. It does not help in the least to have good laws if Lo 
those who administer them are incompetent. What good would be capable offi- § 
cials, men working conscientiously for the public, if their efforts were to ^ 
be nullified by injunctions issued by men who should not be sitting on the 
bench? Our workingmen should be particularly interested in the coming elec- 
tion, and should give their votes only to candidates whom they know for cer- 
tain to be Just to the laboring classes, and firm enough to refuse to become 
tools of the enemies and exploiters of labor. 



I F 3 BOHIiglEAIT 

III B 3 a 

Dennl Hlasatel. IJay 8, 1915. 

THj] STHaZ OSYOIMIGE CALL3 ON CHICAGO MAYOH 

A delegation frora the Straz Osvojenych (Sentinel of the Liberated), 5 

consisting of Dr. F. Iska, urs, liarie Blaaek, and IJr. Vaclav Janda, presented o. 

a letter to IJayor Thonpsou yesterday containing a recently adopted resolu- F 

tion by the Stras Osvojenj^ch which reads: ^ 

O 

"Vfliereas, The City Hall and its offices have been closed on St. Patrick's day "^ 
during the past fev/ years, and S 

"V/hereas, By this act special consideration has been given to the holiday 
of one of the religious sects (sic) or the holiday of one nationality, whereby 
the citizens of Chicago have been put to disadvantage if they were not members 
of either the sect or the nationality, and 

"kVhereas, By the same token, other religious creeds, and ethical or cultural 
societies, as well as other nationalities residing in Chicago would have the 



I F 3 - 2 - BOHSt-HAtT 

III B 3 a 

Denni Hlasatel , Liay 8, 1915. 

right to claim the same privilege for their holidays and national cele- 
brations, which would lead to the cessation of work at the City Hall in a ^ 
great many cases; bo it therefore -o 

"Resolved,, That we protest against such an wnseemly custom and express the F- 

hope that /our Honor will resmae the viexvpoint that all citizens of our ^ 

city, without regard to their creed or nationality, are equal; that no creed g 

or nationality shall enjoy special privileges, and that no other holidays ^- 

shall be observed at the City Hall except national holidays, and such other ^ 

memorable days as have the same significance to all of us, without regard to ^i 
creed or nationality. Be it further 

"Resolved, That should our justifiable demand not be given consideration, 
and should Your Ifonor disagree with the aforesaid point of vievi; and be dis- 
inclined to discontinue the evil custom of closing the City Hall and its 
offices on St, Patrick's day, a formal request shall be filed vath Your 
Honor to keep the City Hall and its offices closed (in the same way that they 



F 3 - 3 - BOHnnffl.AN 



III B 3 a 

Dennl Hlasate l, l^y 8, 1915. 

are closed on St, Patrick's day) on July 6, the quincentenary anniversary ^ 
of the death of the Bohenian nartyr and noted fighter for truth and liberty, 5 
John Hubs, ^ 

r— 

••VJhile we, as Bohemians, vrould very much appreciate such recognition of a -o 

great Bohemian figure by our city, as -jnericans v;e vrauld retract our request o 

in the event that Your Honor agrees with our contention that no religious 'to 

sect should enjoy any special privileges, or be given special advantages by c:^ 

the city adninisti^tion, and that, therefore, the City Hall v;ill not be ^ 
closed on St, Patrick's day in our city, which is not inliabited by Irish 
and Catholics alone." 

LSayor Thoiapson listened to the reading of this resolution v;ith evident in- 
terest, '.ihen 3t, Patrick's day v;as mentioned, he remarked that in viev/ of 
the fact that St, Patrick's day does not cone until liarcfi, it would be better 
to take up this natter at a later date. '.Then he heard the second part of the 



I F 3 - 4 - BOFg.HAN 

III 3 3 a 

Denni Hlasatel . iiay 8, 1915. 

resolution, however, referring to July 6, he assured the delesation that 

their resolution will be given proper consideration, and, in all probability, -5 

will be submitted to the City Council, Today's Snglish-langua^e press deals ^ 

with this matter at considerable length; thus its instigators cannot be denied 5:1 

the credit, if for nothing else then at least for calling public attention ^ 

to the approaching quincentenary annivorsaiy of the death of John Huss, and 50 

to his Bohejiian nationality. All Protestants honor this man as one of the ^- 

greatest refoiraerc, and all educated people without distinction of religion ^ 

or nationality, remember him as a great martyr who preferred death at the ^i 
stake to life at the cost of repudiating his truth. 



I F 3 bch3i,:l-j^: 



Deiml Hlasatel , ^^pr. 9, 191o» 

(:iditorial) 

All proposals placed on the small ballot were approved yesterday by the voters ^ 
except the one concerning the firemen's "double platoon**. The total nuraber 5 
of people voting the small ballot was not nearly so large as it should have ^-^ 
been; this was not because of lack of interest on the part of tne voters but p 
simply because thousands of citizens did not knoiv what to do v/ith the "bed ^ 
sheet". The small ballot v;as so big that no voter had tirrie enough to read it g 
through, and those v/ho had not investigated every reposal and made themselves ^ 
acquainted v;ith the import of it well in advance, preferred not to vote at o 
all lest they vote the way they should not. If e-^ch proposal had been Jji 
summed up in a few words, the ballot could have been two-thirds smaller and 
every voter would have been able to real v:hat he was about to vote on. Of 
course, he knew from his nev.-spaper what proposals would be submitted, but it 
was not easy to keep them in mind so as to be quite sure hov; ne -.vished to vote. 
There should be some arrangement made for future elections which would make 



I F 5 - 2 - B0H3I.:L^T 

Denni Hlasatel , iipr, 9, 1915, 

it possible to iceep tiie'^amall'' ballot really small, and give the voter a 
chance to place his vote witn full understanding as to v/hat he is doing. 



-T3 



o 



CO 

o 

(Si 



I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

I F 1 

I H Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 2, 1915. 

THE SMALL BALLOT 
MOST OF THE PROPOSALS SHOUID BE APPROVED BY OUR VOTERS 

In addition to the election of able city employees, the voters will be called 

upon to decide nine important questions which will be presented to them next ^ 

Tuesday on the so-called "small ballot** • This ballot is really much larger ^ 

than the ballot containing names of the Candida tes««.»« ^^^ 

I— 

In the first place it is the question of approving expenditures totaling -a 
^3,972,000 for various public works and improvements, some of which are really o 
necessary, and the approval of the bonds to finance these improvements becomes ^^ 

imperative One of these proposals concerns a bond issue of $500,000 B 

necessary to finish the work on the contagious hospital which needs an addition 
in the form of a pavilion for the nurses. ••••This issue should be approved^^^^^ 
The same applies to the expenditure of $60,000 for the remodeling of the 
John Worty School at Gage's farm near Riverside. Not less importsint is the 



-J 



17 Z - 2 - BORKTHAN 

I F 1 

I H Dennl Hlasatel, Apr. 2, 1915. 

third question asking for $250,000 for a farm colony to be attached to the 

Bridewell All other large cities have such taxma, and it is time that 

Chicago had one also. 

The fourth proposal concerns §700,000 for a garbage incinerator. So far this ^ 

work has been done by a private firm which has been making huge profits. The Jl 

establishment of such an incinerator will save a great deal of money for the ^ri 

taxpayers, and the issue should, therefore, be approved ?- 



"1 



C-J 



The fifth issue really should not be discussed at all. It concerns $600,000 
for playgrounds for children, places for sports and gaiaes, public swimming 
pools, and similar necessities..... f^ 

The necessity for the above-mentioned improvements is clearly apparent, and 
there is no reason why our voters should not sanction them. 

The sixth and seventh proposals deal with the building and remodeling of fire 



I F 5 - 3 - BQHMIAN 

I F 1 

I H Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 2, 1915. 

stations and police stations.... Many arguments for and against the necessity 

of a bond issue to pay for such matters have been offered But it would 

seem that... .such expenditures should be covered from the current income of 
the City, and we therefore recommend that voters oppose these two issues..,. 
Neither new fire stations nor new police stations are necessary, and whatever ,^ 
may have to be done in this respect should be paid from Chicago's regular ^ 
income. '^ 

Other questions deal with the incorporating of the villages of Clearing, -^ 
Elmwood Park, the town of Blue Island, and a small community near Norwood Park 3 
with the municipality of Chicago, The incorporation of such conmunities is ;; 
Just a question of time and will come sooner or later. Citizens who wish to \ 
see our city grow will vote for the incorporation, and it is to be expected 
that these proposals will be approved by Isorge majorities. However, the 
principal struggle in such matters takes place in such communities themselves, 
and without the approval of the respective communities no such incorporation 



I F 3 
I F 1 
I H 



- 4 - 



Denni Hlasatel, Apr. 2, 1915, 



BOHEMIAN 



can take place. 



The last proposal... .concerns the division of firemen Into two shifts, that 
is, introduction of day and night work. It is called the '^Double Platoon 
System," and if approved it will crown with victory a long struggle of 

thousfimds of firemen They desire at least as much of family life as any 

common laborer enjoys. The Firemen's Association is a member of the American 
Federation of Labor and had the proposal approved in the General Assembly 

last year But a rider accompanied the bill of approval requiring the 

scmctlon of the voters, and no honest man or woman should think of withhold- 
ing it 

Our voters should vote by placing a cross behind the word Tes" in all cases 
but the one concerning the remodeling of fire stations and police stations 
where a cross should be marked behind the word "No**. 






} 

3 



^« 



I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

IV (German) Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 1, 1915. 

POLITICAL MEETING 

All expectations of the organizers of the great Democratic demonstration in the 
Cesko-Slovanska Americka Sin (Bohemian-Slavonic American Hall) were not only 
fulfilled, but greatly surpassed. It was one of the most successful political 3g 
meetings of this campaign held in our wards. The huge hall could hardly 2 
accommodate the large nmnber of /men and women/ voters of the Tenth Ward who ^ 
came to hear Mr, Robert M, Sweitzer (German), our candidate for the office <J 

of Mayor of Chicago, and a number of other speakers "^ 

o 

Mir, Sweitzer. .,. talked about his own past, telling that he is a son of a poor <^ 
immigrant, and as everybody who was not bom with a silver spoon in his mouth, .:^ 

he had to make a hard fight to keep body and soul together He promised to 

start huge public works in Chicago ^ich will give employment to at least fifty 
thousand people, and thus help in improving working conditions in this city and 
speed up the return of prosperity 



I F 3 - 2 - BOira^IAN 

IV 

rv (Gorman) Denni Hlasatel, Apr« 1, 1915. 

Among the speakers was Mr. John A. Cervenka 



3> 



-o 



I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

I F 2 

Deiml Hlasatel , Dec. 24, 1914. 

TE£S ANIJUAL MEETING OF THE KLUB POPIATITHCU 

The annual meeting of the Klub Poplatniku Lawndale (Lawndale Taxpayers Club), 
held on December 19, was very well attended 

The playgrounds' committee reported that it had called on the commission ^ot 
further identified and had asked for ten or fifteen thousand dollars for the 

establishment of playgrounds in the Lawndale district The commission 

agreed to recommend the expenditure of twelve thousand dollars for that pur- -3 
pose 



The election of officers was then held, and the following were elected: 
A. Pecival, 3347 West 26th Street, president; J. In. Kutik , vice president; 
J. Kratky, 2417 South Clifton Park Avenue, secretary; Jan Koutnik, financial 
secretary; and A. Kaspar, treasurer 



:5 

-a. 



-o 



Co 

tn 



5» 



I 
I 

I F 5 BOHHn»n:AN » 

I F 1 } 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 9, 1914. | 

POLITICAL IJA,TT3R3 

Election Commissioner Anthony Czarnecki has sent us a long letter urging the 
Bohemian voters, both men and v/omen, to register next Tuesday and thus make 
up for their negligence last Saturday. Mr. Czarnecki says that he studied ^ 
the lists of registered voters and has come to the conclusion that hardly one JlT 
fourth of the Boheiiian voters are registered. The percentage of registered ^ 
women voters is still smaller. The Commissioner stre.-.ses in his letter the 2 
fact that it is absolutely necessary in the interest of the immigrated element, g 
and particularly the Slavic element, for every Bohemian voter to register ^ 
next Tuesday and thus prove the power of Bohemian citizens in our cjxux-^tj. 
The coming ballot contains the names of excellent Bohemian candidates, and this 
is one more reason why eveiy Bohemian voter should do his civic duty next Tues- 
day, Officials of Bohemian nationality have in most cases made a splendid 
record for themselves, thereby benefiting not only their own nationality, but 
contributing to a better and more honest public administration. 



I g 5 - 2 - BOHSLIAN 

I F 1 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 9, 1914. 

CJommiss loner Czamecki points to another fact that merits the attention of every 
Boheniaa citizen. In examining the registration list he has found that there are 
many people among us who have registered as Austrians, that is, as having been 
bom in Austria instead of reGistering; as Bohenians. This mistake has been the -% 
subject of many discussions and it has been generally believed that there is not ^ 
one Bohemian who would register as Austrian, According to 1-ir. Czamecki* s letter, p 
ho7;ever, this mistake still prevails. \le urge, therefore, every one of our voters--' 
to register as Bohenians, The registration clerks and judges must never object. rg 
If our people do not register as Bohemians, they increase the number of Austrian "r- 
voters in our city which is absolutely inexcusable, '.le wish to believe that o 
cases of that kind are now onlj'' exceptions, but even so, there should be none, ^ 



I F 3 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , May 10, 1914. 

THE OUSTED MEIiBERS OF THE SCHOOL BOARD ARE AGAIN FUNCTIONING 

The chairman and the other members of the Chicago Board of Education have 
kept their promise to the memjsers ousted by Mayor Harrison and ordered rein- 
stated by Judge Foel, They have recognized them as members of the Board at 
committee meetings. 

Mr.' James 6. Dibelka has taken his position as a member of the grounds and 
building committee, and that committee appointed him chairman of the sub-com- 
mittee which is to investigate the matter of school properties. 









The opinion of many of the members is that the grounds committee should be n 
abolished, and a special committee appointed for each separate transaction when 
a property is being bought. 

It was recommended at the meeting that the Lucy Flower School for Girls at 
Wabash Avenue and 26th Street be closed permanently because of its location in 

the red-light district. 



I g 3 

Denni Klasatel , Lar. 12, 1913, 

£^.TL el-!::ctioie7 

(Editorial) 

In the coning .^pril elections the offices to be filled include those of a 
superior court judge, city clerk, treasurer, and an alderman. There will 

also be voting on a number of importjint proposals It is therefore 

imperative that every citizen, especially every ta:q)ayer, give this election 
careful thought t.nd thus put himself in a position to vote according to his 
best knowledge, intentions, ^nd conscience. 




I F 5 BOESMIAM 

Deimf Klasatel . Nov, 4, 1912. 

POLITICAL 

,,.,In addition to the main ballot ^n the coming election7, every voting 

citizen v/ill also receive a so-called "small" ballot. •••concerning bond ^ 

issues.. ..uost of v;hich will benefit a smr.ll fraction of the public, but 5 

will add to the burdens of all The first concerns the widening of '^ 

Twelfth Street.. • .and vre recoinmend that our countrymen vote "No" on that. ^ 

-a 

The followinc three proposals concern.... tne building of a new detention o 
hospital ....an enlargement of the poorhouse in Oak Forest..,. and completion i» 
of the County Building. These should be approved..... 1:2 



en 



There are three more proposals v;hich will be voted upon by the entire state. 
• •••These three should also be approved by the Bohemian voters 



I F 5 
I F 4 
I F 5 
17 



BQilJIX^IC 



Denni laasa-el , Oct. 29, 1911, 



' A 



The election of Judges of the Juper'ior Court of Cook County ^^dll take place 
on Tuesday, L'ovenber 7. It certainly is not necessciry to particularly explain 
to the voters of the county how important is the office of Judge of the 
Superior Court, and v.'hat care is necessary in the selection of candidates 
in regard to their qualifications. 

Insofar as v:e Czechs are concerned, -.:e must first of all support men of whom 
v;e are fully convinced that they will not be prejudiced in any respect after 
they have taken their place on the judicial bench, and that justice v;ill be 
shoi'.Ti before them. 

Because of the above and for other reasons, v;e, the imdersigned Czech busi- 
nessmen, have decided upon the following resolution: 



In consideration that Llr, Hugo Pam, candidate for the office of Judge of the 



I F 3 - 2 - BCH3I.ItiI 



.-ii\ 




I F 4 

I F 5 Deiinl Hlasatel« Oct. 29, 1911. i"^OJpi^ o| 

Superior Court on the Republican ballot, is Icnovm to us as a X^^.^'^ 
distinguished lawyer, a man of good character, about v;hose rare abilities 
and fine qualifications there is no doubt. 

In consideration that llr. Hugo Pam is the son of Czech parents, and that 
he 7/as reared in a Czech neighborhood, v;e have no doubt but that he well 
knows our ...ode of living, and, therefore, he will not be prejudiced against 
our nationality if we help to elect him vdth our votes. 

In consideration that iir. Hugo Pan takes an active, part in charitable 
activities, we take it upon ourselves as a duty to reaind voters of Czech 
origin to vote for him in the judicial elections. 

In confidence that this resolution vail receive a hearty acceptance and 
correct understanding, v;e renain v/ith deepest respect. 



I F 5 
I F 4 
I F 5 
IV 



- 3 - 
Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 29, 1911. 

Janes F. Stepina 
Jaroslav 3. 3. Vojan 
Josef Lepsa 
Otto Horde ek. 



BOHEIMIM 




'\ m. ^} 



I F 5 BOKJI.il.;:^ 

II G 

DeiLnl Illasatel , Oct. 2o, 1911, 

LEJTEG OF THE T^^iaPATiHi^i CLUB G? BG 

2LSTJI3I ::,.RD :l;ld ok cctge3H 19 

After the presentr.tion of reports by the committees api-ointed in the l:;st 
meetinG, the discussion a^ain v:a3 on the location of a snail park hetvreen 
V/ood, Lincoln, 10th and 19th Jtreets. ^kccordin:; to a report received, the 
Park GoriiHiission is ne^otiatinrr for a parcel of land further south. The 
Club resolved to send a coinnittee to the i-ork Coraniscion ^.ith a recuest 
to have the park located at 13th Jtreet, because accordinr; to reliable in- 
formation, part of the needed land can be purchased froni the Union Line 
Company nuch cheaper, and this location vjould have a cTeat influence on 
the final removal of the limekiln. 

The meeting; v.'as attended by ! J?. Petru, as representative of the Union Line 
Company, and he assured the Club that all damages caused by blasting vrauld 
be adjusted. He v:as informed at this time of the protest resolution adopted 
in the last meeting relative to the sidewalks. The secretary vias instructed 




I ? 5 - 2 - BOIISlI:^ 

II C 

Dennl Klasatel. Cct. 23, 1911. 




^: 



to nalce a report to the Dej;;art/,ient of itreets about the obstruction in the 
sewer on 18th Street, betv;een Robey and Lincoln Jtreets, To the comriittee 
v:hich is to call on the Park Coranission were elected I.Iessrs. Vavra, ovoboda, 
and ITovobelsky, It was also resolved to send letters tc nembers encour- 
aging the.T: to try to secure nev; menibers. 

Because the socretf.ry resigned on accotint of lack of tine, I.Ir. Vavra ivas 
elected to take the place, and the lueetin^ was thaiacjourned. Tae next 
meeting will be held on the third Tnursday in I.ovenber, 



■2> 



I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 

Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 27, 1911» 

MEBTING OF TENTH WARD TAXPAYERS 

A meeting of the Tenth Vfaird Taxpayers was held in the hall of the Czecho- 
Slavonic Benevolent Society on 18th Street, Under discussion was the program 
of widening Twelfth Street, as advocated by those who are concerned either 
with beautification, fame, or profit* To be suire, this project would be carried P 
out at public expense and would certainly be detrimental to all property owners ^ 
on streets other than the one to be insprored.. The widening of this street from § 
Michigan Avenue to Ashlemd Avenue would cost many millions of dollars* No one ^ 
can or will tell us today exactly how much this would cost, because such a ^ 
gigantic sum would enrage all taxpayers, and by taking steps in time, they might ^' 
spoil the plans of these politicians and promoters (as happened to a similar 
plan for the widening of Halsted Street about six years ago)* 

Let no one think that, if the taxpayers allow this work to be carried out on 
IVelfth Street, it will mean a cessation of the waste of public money* This 
would only be the beginning of the politicians* extensive plans. Ihe laying 



I F 5 - E - BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 

Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 27, 1911, 

out of a large park at Congress and Halsted Streets is to follow. Here they 
would want to build luxurious and large city and county buildings. They would 
want to widen Congress Street from the lake to the park, making it a long, 
beautiful road. They also want to build in this park monumental public build- 
ings which would surpass in magnificence all other public buildings on earth* 
The tower of the City Hall which they would build there is to be high enough 
80 that it cem be seen for several miles outside of Chicago* 






For ^om are we building the present palatial County Building and City Hall at 
a cost of over ten million dollars? These men also want to widen Halsted Street,^ 
repave it, and make it into one of the best business streets of the city. In ?o 
addition, they are preparing to build subways for passenger and freight transpor-^' 
tat ion between the depots of railroad con^anies, which are to build railroad 
tracks and are already buying property for that purpose. All costs for carry- 
ing out this fabulous plan are to be borne by the taxpayers, and who irill dare 
to tell you how many millions of dollars will be required to fulfill this dream? 



I F 5 - 3 - BCBEMIAN 

I F 6 



Dennl Hlasatel, Aug, 27, 1911, 



Hoir do you like it, you taxpayers who sit comfortably at home while your neigh- i 
bors attend a meeting and discuss and shudder over so heavy a burden? You | 

will be told that you will pay only twenty-five per cent, the city will pay $ 
fifty i)©r cent, emd bonds will be issued for twenty-five per cent; but the city 5 
is the taxpayers, and the bonds will also have to be paid off by the taxi>ayers, -^ 
Will you allow yourselves to be caught by such trickery? Vflio is it that really '^ \ 
wants to make these enoimous expenditures? When the widening of Halsted Street -c 
was previously being considered, it was the politicians and several wealthy o ; 
speculators who wanted to enrich themselves and feather their nests, and thus ^o j 
they advocated this plan. They were defeated only because the taxpayers were £? \ 
organized and the press was with them. '-"' l 

I 
For building and repairing damaged bridges, removing garbage, and keeping 
alleys and streets clean, there is no money, there never was, and perhaps there 
never will be. 

That is what was said in this meeting of the Tenth Ward taxpayers. The meeting 



I g 5 - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 6 

Deiml Hlasatel . Aug. 27, 1911, 

was attended by a committee from the Eleventh Ward, and it was resolved that 
a committee should find out how far the plan has progressed and then, jointly 
with neighboring Wards, it should be decided how to proceed. The taxpayers 
can repulse this attack upon the public treasury if they show cMomunity interest,' 
if they organize, and if the majority does not depend upon a few individuals. 






c -I 



I F 3 



ECTE' lAi: 



•^enni Illasatel . .^.pr. 2, 1911. 

FCB Airi.ZXATICN TC GHIGAGO 

The anne::ation of the Town of Cicero to Ghicaro will "oe voted upon at 
next Tuesday's election, A large part of Bohenian Oak Park, : orton 
Park, and Ha^vthome lie in that tov/n. The liohe^Tdan olement in this 
section is r:arkedly stronc, and v;ill continue to ,-rov; stronr-er. In 
Chicaro, at such election, a najority is usually ; iven in favor of 
annexation, but the iiihabitants of the suburbs, for various reasons, 
often are opposed to it. In order that x,he citizens of Cicero micht 
be thoroui^hly acquainted v;ith the benefits to be derived froiu an 
annexation to Chicago, a cormittee v;as fomed there, fhrouprh nestings 
and handbills, this connittee is endeavorinr: to convince the citizenry 
that it v;ill be decidedly to their advantage if they join the City of 
Chicago, The follov/ing benefits v;ill accrue to then as pointed out 
by thb handbills: First: they v;ill receive lowrer rates for gas. 
They now ].ay one dollar per thousand cubic feet, and if they belonged 




I F 3 



- 2 - 



ECiniJAtl 



Deniii Illasatel , ...pr. 2, 1911. 

tc Ghica|-;o they would T)ay eighty five cents, and if Chicaf^o rets a 
seventy cent rate, it -./ould also apply to Cicero. Second: telephoiie 
service viould be cheaper, without any extra payrient whatever, and 
connection could be made with about 200,000 customers of the telephone 
coEipany. Itis v/ould be of great advantare to Cicero businessmen, and 
for all v.'ho have business transactions in the City of Ghicaco. 

Third: they v:ould cet water rates cheaper. Ihey would not have to 
pay for v/ateiTieters, and for the layinr of waterr-iains. 



Fourth: if Cicero joined Chicago, it ./ould not le a neglected part 
of the City of Chicago, i- it did not .rish to be. The repairs and 
paving of streets vTould ro on as rapidly as the owners of property 
desired, Fifth: five cent car fares and universal transfers. t,o all 
parts of Chicago v/oula benefit the town iin;:ensely, and aid in in- 
creasing its population. Under the prosent unsatisfactory conditions, 



i--^""^. 




I F 5 - 3 - rcitj 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 2, 1911, 

no one cares to build, and nev/ tenants ar.j not novinc in, but on the 
contrary, people are leaving 3icero to cone bad: into tho city limits 
of Chicago, Also it is clained that through Joining Chicago, it .;ill 
be easier to i.iake loans for buildinr purposes at lov;er interest rates, 
that taxes v.-ill not be increased, and thaT: there v/ill be better 
protection in case of fire. 

.1.S can be seen, the reasons for joining are excellent, ;e kno\; of no 
roasons af^ainst it, and caimot express an opinion en tl:iat point, .,'e 
think, ho ./ever, that our countr:,':.:en in jiav/thorne, r.orton lark, and 
tho eastern part of Bohenian Oak Park, v/ill act for their ovm benefit 
when they rriake a cross r.iark in the square on the small ballot after 
the virords "?or Annexation of the iOv;n of Cicero to tlie City of Chicaro.' 






I F 3 BCHZiaAH 

III A 

I F 6 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 2, I9IO. 

FOLITICiiL ii^TVZRS 



-o 



P.l--In the past Bohenians have been interested in how many candidates 

they have had on the political be Hot, but at precent they are concerned rz 

not so much with quantity as with quality. They are determined to put <— 
into office candidates of their ovm nationality vmom they know to be q.ual- ^ 

ified for the positions which they seek, — who are honest and reliable and ?— 

will serve as honorable examples of their race. They v;ant men v/ho will ^ 

be efficient and valuable in office, not men who desire to hold office ' ';^ 

because of the salary involved. . . • 



1^3 BOHEMIAN 

112 

Denni Hlasatel, Mar, 2, 1909. 

TAXPAYERS R3GISTSR COJffLAIOT. 

p. 2.. A delegation of the Bohemism Taxpayers Association in the 34th Ward 

appeared in the office of the commissioner of public works yesterday, emd S 

complained that their ward is being neglected by the govemmsnt of this city; ^ 

iiaasmuch as the streets are poorly paved, nobody takes care of the removal of '^ 

garbage, and the sewer system is out of order. U 

-o 

From that office the group proceeded to the offices of the Board of Local 2 
Improvements smd from there to the department for the oaintenance of streets ^ 
and sewers. The delegation was headed by Cyril R. Jandus. The complaint most 
justified comes from Hamlin Avenue between Twenty-Sixth and Twenty-Eighth 
streets. 

In the fall the streets were torn up, as if a new paving had been intended, and 
then left open, so that when they are frozen, traffic can move over them only 
with great danger; the gasoline lamp posts were removed, thus heightening the 
risk, as no electric service was substituted; the streets are enveloped in 
impenetrable darkness. 



ro 



- 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar, 2, 1909, 

The propez*ty owners are also grieving about the unduly high assessments for 
the paving. As already mentioned, the streets are in a worse condition than 
ever, yet the property ov/ners will have to pay, beginning Nov. 4th, the inter- 
est on $160 assessed on a twenty-five foot front lot* 






o 

CO 
o 



I 7 3 • BOHEMIAN 

III A 

IT A ^ Denni Hlaaatel , Dec. 16, 1905. 

SKIMPING ON LOCAL IMPROVSMEMPS. 

p. 4, Col. 2 - The streets of our Bohemian districts are neglected. That is 
a well known and oft repeated tede. Who is to blame for this? No one else, 

except the people, living on these neglected streets, whose property lies ^ 

there. These people are against themselves. Various repairs require an out- :^ 

lay, which every one fears, as the devil fears holy-water. Nevertheless any ^^^^ 

such expense would be repaid memy-fold in the course of a few years. The p 

better the condition of a street, the more it is visited. * ^ 

p6 

Whether anyone is walking, or riding, or otherwise following his calling, he ;^ 
always picks the best streets, where he does not have to plod through mud, or ^ 
Jump over broken walks, streets iriiich are properly illuminated and full of cP^ 
life, where one need not have any fear of being waylaid. Businessmen on such 
streets enjoy greater patronage; benefits are derived not only by the business* 
men, but by the property owners as well, because these in turn can ask higher 
rentals from the busineasmen «ho oake more profit. 

For this reason, the businessmea and property owners should work together for 
the improvement of the streets in our Bohemism districts. What is needed here 



- 2 - BOHSMIAN 

Denni Hlaaatel , Dec. 16, 1905. 

is for the buBinessmen and property-owners to form improvement clubs, in 
Wiich discussions could be held as to what kind of improvemsnts should be 
undertaken to suneliorate our district. 

Pilsen has been remarkably neglected of late. Bspeeially our sidewalks and -S 

street pavements have become notorious. Now, however, the walks are being ~ 

improved a little, because they had become practically impassable. The pave- C 

ments, however, especially on 18th Street, remain untouched. It seems as -rs 

though the property owners did not insist on repair because of the consider- S 

able expense involved for them. lo 

They are n&king a mistake, however, because in this way they are killing the ^'' 
street and stifling its business. It would please us indeed, if we saw sev- 
ez>al prominent businessmen and property owners rise and begin an energetic 
movement for the benefit of an organization which would endeavor to socurs 
needed improvements. The .Pilsen district is destined to become a great 
business center for all Cechs and of the entire neighborhood, but it aust not 
be neglected; its advantageous position and conditions iriiich will fulfill this 
destiny must be enhanced so as to be fully utilixed. 



BOHEMI.AN 



F 3 
F 2 



-o 

3» 



Demii Hlasatel , Sept. 3, 1902. 

BOHEMIAN DEMOCRATS IN COOK COUNTY. 

p« 2 - The new organized political club, Bohemian Democracy of Cook County, held 
its second meeting in xhe quarters oi" the Democratic Club Bohemia, Blue Island 
Avenue ana 18th Street. Steps v/ere taken a^^ this meeting to insure the best 
representative in the political field and various other benefits for the Bohemian '^ 
Democratic voters at the coming election and those to follow were also considered. IT 
The chairman of the new club is C. Fiala, and J. Mayer is the Secretary. The Jg 
committee appointed at the previous n:eeting to formulate rules, by-laws and a 2 
platform, introduced its findings in these matters and, after minor changes, the ^ 
committee's formulations were approved at yesterday's meeting. A brief summary t5 
of the approved Democratic platform will be introduced at the next meeting and 
published in the daily .apers, together with a suitable proclamation to the 
Bohemian voters, whose cooperation at the coming election will be requested, so 
that Bohemian candidates for various offices may be victorious. Various committees 
were appointed, among which, first place was accorded to the conmittee of fifteen 
Tiembers, entirely composed of Vice-Chairmen, who represent the fifteen wards where 



i- 



l_ - 2 - BOHSklAN 

2 

Denni Hlasatel * Sept. 3, 1902. 

Bohemian voters live. Financial, registration, hall, speakers, publicity, 
entertainment, committees were also appointed. The various coiianittees were 
instructed to work energetically toward their indicated purpose, in order to 
assure offices for the Bohemian candidates. 



5 



liany speeches will be given before the election, to inform the Democratic ?d 






voters of tneir duties towards themselves and towards the candidates, for 
success for one will be success for others. Any citizen of democratic ^ 
inclination can become a member of this new organization. 






At the close of the meeting mention was made, that some Bohemian voters v/ere 
in doubt about the registration this Saturday, thinking that tneir previous 
registrations are still valid. In this they are mistaken. All voters, without 
exception, whether they were previously registered or not, if they wish to vote 
in tne fall elections, absolutely must re-register this Saturday or they wixl 
not be eligible tc vote. 

The old registration lists are invalid and a new registration is required. 



- 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 3 
I F 2 

Denni Hlasatel « Sept. 3, 1902. 

rthoever has the success of the candidates at heart, should not forget to 
register tomorrow, that is, on Sept, 4th. Whoever cannot do so tomorrow, ^ 
will have another opportunity to do so, on Sept. 14th, which will be the 
last day of registrations. 






.ro 



I ^ S Dennl HLasatel . May 30, 1901. BOIuiJ»IIAI^ /u.,,,.. - 

I F 6 ' V"! wjA : 



/ROBSY STREET RESIjENTS PROTSSTT" ^^%^ 



The citizens of the Tftvm of Lake have an example of how our streets and other 
public property are utilized. Aldeman Carey, -who is one of the most renowned 
••foxes'* in the city council, is the pixtprietor of tlie brickyard on Robey Street, 
So that he could nore easily transport clay, he arran;-;ou for his collea;nie. 
Hart, to introduce an ordinance by which pemiission v/as granted to lay rails on 
Robey Street south to 47th Street, llo one knew, that anj»-thing of the kind had 
hapi^ned until the rails were bein^ hurriedly laid. The owners of hones on 
Robey Street and in the nei'^hborhood protested a,^ainst such daria-^e to the value 
of their property. They wrote a resolution quickly and sent a dele ';at ion, which 
we.'it frora one honorable gentleman to another, bat it was all in vain. Tl-jsy had 
no other recourse except to go to the courts. This is what the Bohemians and 
Polish in the Trm of Lake get for sticking with tl.e ward political crowd. If 
they joined to-^etJier and agreed on sor.ie candidate frora their midst, it would be 
impossible for anything of the kind to happen as is happening with Robey Street 
and with the interests of ^-he people settled there. 



I F 3 


' "I 


I D 1 a 




116 




I H 




I L 




w— - - ' 





Svornos t , Sept, 17, 1884, 

proclai.:a:io:: o? ti'z eohs-Olai-t gitizsijs hi ghigago,illhtois. 



BQEfflJAN 









The comin-T elections - National, State and County are hl:::hly important for ev- 
ery citizen, but especially for irnrni£*rants. 

The most important questions, 7/hich ■.7ill "be decided by the electorate in Novem- 
ber are as follows: 

1. The Civil Service Refoira, 

2. The protection of the citizens of this country on the other side of the 
"boundary, 

3. The personal liberty. 

Everybody should take notice of these elections and here is the reason why: 

1, .7e know that at present this country is governed with incredible speed. 
He know that millions of dollars, extorted fron the people, v/ill be mostly 
used for the pxirpose of enriching the capitalists. 



-2- BOIISLiLAIT 

3vomost, Sept. 17, 1-384, 



'.7e know that hundreds of millions of acres of the best territories and soil 
were p;iven up to the extortin-^ companies, 

';Ye know that the legislature is shameless and corrupted. 



,7e know that the untouchal le electoral box was opened and interfered with to g 
the advantare of the party, viiich was in power, t- 

.7e know that the ti-.^^est frauds commit- ed on the people wero unpunished, ^ 
therefore we wish to have chan.^esj 

2, Sverybody Icnows that many citizens of this G^eat Republic are moaning in- 
cessantly because they are bein^ jailed by others in p§^er, 

.7e know also that the Republican Administration, .Thile Llaine was Secretary, 
never resisted the foreign powers, except for small political tricks with 
countries not worth mentioning. 



-3- . BOIia.JAIT ,. 




Svornost, Sept. 17, 1884, p -.yy^ o 






^i..</ 



In dealiiu? with major forei.^n powers he never moved a finger to tlie advantage 
of one threatened, 

,7e know exactly that the Democratic party has alv/ays protected and splendidly 
defended the ri^^hts of tl'e ArnerLcan citizens each time the agricultural ques- 
tion was at stake; it always has protected the complete equal rights among 
Acierican born and irarairjrated citizens, 

iThereas: He wish a channel 

A change to the Democratic principles of today and a liberal law of liberty 
for every citizen. 

3, He are convinced that the efforts of the Republican party are concentrated 
on the liraitin'^ of the personal liberty of the citizens. 



-4- BOKa,:L&ii{^;^ W.P.A. 



Svornost. Sept. 17, 1884, 



■7e are convinced that the Republicpji party is t^-kin.-?; pains, T^ith every effort, 
to yoke us under tyrannic la;vs, ori'^inated by the f^matic Puritans a century 
a!30, T;Thereas we protest as stron-'ly as possible against the jurisdiction of 
such social laws for free and educated people and we demand the cliani-esj 

TTe ourselves denounce with fullest detei-mination any law that limits personal 
liberty and is in direct opposition to the knowled-xe and idea of the Constitu- 
tion of this country, 7e express our ackno77ledr:nent to the country, which 
fully defends and pioteets our interests and ..he interests of the people, 

"nowing that the Denocratic partj'- and its c-mdidates, Clevel'und a:id Hendricks, 
are worthy of confidence in the natter of reforns, and bein,--^ convinced that 
the Denocratic party always has protected the personal liberty and honor of 
^\nierican citizens, vre conside?" it oixp duty to orf^anize ourselves to insure 
victory in the election or honest rnen tc office. 

Based on this principle we ai^poal to all the Bohenian Democrats, especially 



\ ' 






-5- 



Svornost, Sept. 17, 1884, 



to those who are enthusiastic about personal liberty and social honor, to take 
part in the :teneral advisoi-y meetin-^^, jYida:', Septeaher IS, at 8 P, !.., in the 
hall of the "Sckol Society" gymnasium on Taylor Street, '^'ae purpose of the 
meeting is to found a "lohenian club," that vill support Cleveland, Hendricks 
and Harrison, 



\lPi. 



As sponsors ;ve have the signatures of nineteen prominent Bohemian business men, 
(ITames omitted ) 



I F 3 BOHEMIAN 

I P 1 

Svomost , Mar. 19, 1883. 

BOHEMIAN JUSTICE OF THE PEACE 

Testerday's Meeting of the Bohemian Citizens and Accepted Resolutions 

Notwithstanding the cold weather the enlightened Bohemians from Chicago, and 
even from suburbs, attended in large masses yesterday's meeting, called for the 
pxirpose of enforcing the nomination of a Bohemian justice of peace* One could 
see distinctly the interest paid by everybody to the cause, so dear and impor- 
tant to the Bohemian citizens. There were present the most prominent old Bo- 
hemian settlers of Chicago and the meeting, with a few exceptions of expressed 

sarcasm, could be seen as a really exemplary meeting. o 

• 

The meeting was held in the Sokol's Hall and opened by Joseph P, Kohout. .^ 
L, W, Kadlec was called to the presidential chair and started as follows: en 
"Gentlemen, you are all conscious of the fact that the Cook County judges, in 
spite of the general demand of the Bohemians in Chicago to recommend our cotin try- 
man to the bench of justice of peace, did the opposite. We are assembled, 
today, not with the purpose of condemning the judges of Cook County for their 
disregard of oxir nationality, nor to slfiuader them, but in case there should be 
some changes in the candidates, to recommend for the vacancy of the justice 






I F 3 - - 2 - BOHEMIM 

I F 1 



Svornost , Mar. 19, 1883. 

of peace - to take into consideration today's resolutions, and to grant 

us again a Bohemiaji Justice of peace and show that favor to the large Bohemian 

pop\ilation of Chicago." 

Then Mr. Pragler took the speaker's platform and said that it was our own 
fault, that our candidate was omitted from the list. We are not active enoTigh 
in politics and that this predicted a "bad future. The German journal, Illinois 
Staats Ze itung, wrote again and badly, about us Bohemians. It commended as a 
rery praiseworthy idea that Mr. Fisher was not recommended for the Justice of ^ 
peace. Why? Only "because he is a Bohemian. This Bohemian-hating newspaper ^ 
is intruding everywhere without being invited. Jtidge Fisher is an equally p 
good Juror and perhaps better than the new candidate in his place. 



5C 



After a few insignificant speeches, Em. Legro announced that the resolutions 
were already elaborated and ready to be read to the audience. 

Resolution 

Accepted in the general meeting of the Bohemian people in Sokol Hall, March 
18, 1883. 



I F 3 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I P 1 

Svornost , Mar. 19, 1883. 

Whereas, there are about 60,000 Slavs, the majority of whom neither speak nor 
understand English, and 

Whereas, in the last years there has teen an attempt to persxiade the circuit *" 
judges of the necessity to have on the West Side a Slav-speaking and under- 1= 
etcmding justice of peace, and -C 

Whereas, the judges accepted this proposition and recommended, last year, to i:^ 
Gov. Cullom, E. A. Fisher, a prominent lawyer and a member of the Bar Associ-^ 
ation, as a worthy jurist to replace the deceased judge, Ammund Miller, and C:i; 

Whereas, that Judge Fisher performed his duties honestly, conforming not only 
with the limits of the jurisdiction of the justice of peace, but taking into 
consideration the ideals of htunanity and proving, at every point, his ability 
and competence to stay in the same office, and 

Whereas, we have proved to the judges in every possible way, by our own efforts 
and with the help of our honest and kind friends of other nationalities, that 
the benefit obtained from the continuance in office of the same justice of 
peace cannot be over- rated and, taking into consideration that Judge Fisher 



I g 3 - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 1 

STornost , Mar. 19, 1883. 

had sacrificed his own growing and large practice as a lawyer - that he should 
be nominated to this office for the next whole term, after the unfinished term 
of the deceased Judge Miller, and other candidates should not be ta}cen into ^ 
consideration, and ,^ 



-u 



Whereas, it is known to everybody that nothing substantial can be shown against 
his reappointment, but, that in spite of the approval of all elements which ro 
he represented, the circtiit judges have found it good and justifiable to leave •— 
out his name from the list of the proposed justices of peace for the West Side, c 
and they did it on account of the causes known only to them and to nobody jjf 
else, and 

Whereas, this elimination of the candidacy of Judge Fisher not only is depriving 
us of many benefits and of due representation, but is casting an undeserved 
suspicion on our present just of peace and beloved countryman - this could have 
the undesirable consequence that in present conditions his profession is likely 
to be injured. On the other side o;xr interests in the eyes of publicity can 
be damaged. 



I ? 3 - 5 - BOHEKIM 

I P 1 

Svornost , Mer. 19, 1883. 

Therefore It Is Resolved, that we American citizens of Bohemian extraction in 
Chicago, present at the national meeting, express our deep sorrow on accoxint 
of the decision of the judges, acknowledged "by them as right and good; and 
hereby we appeal to those gentlemen that they take their decision relation to 
this matter xinder full consideration and pronounce a new decision, favorable 
fiuid advantageous to us. That means to reappoint our present judge, E. A. Fisher, 
in the same office for the next term. 

Independently of this it is resolved that the copies of this resolution "be de— r? 

livered to every judge. .^ 

r— 
r- 

Signed by the Committee: E. A. Legross, J. E. Kohout, ?• Pucik, Z. Drabek. "^ 

so 
The resolution was unanimously accepted. >- 

P. Hudek proposed to appoint few delegates, which would seek an audience with^ 
the senators here in Chic£igo or in Springfield; would deliver and explain to 
them the resolutions of today. The motion was accepted; seven delegates, 
prominent Bohemians, were elected and authorized to visit the state senators 
and circuit judges. 



- 6 - 

I F 3 BOHEM IM 

I P 1 

Svornost , Mar. 19, 1883. 

After this the meeting adjourned. 



-o 

5^ 



Right after the meeting the elected seven delegates had a private conference, 'cr. 

They had already fulfilled the commission yesterday. The senators promised p 

complete cooperation in the reappointment of a Bohemian Justice of peace. It T^^ 

left nothing more than to wait for the decision of the senate in this matter, o 



cr 



I F b 

IE Svornost, Apr. 21, 1879. 30HEMI] 

^^ iiU£ulijlM£ OF POLITICIAN^ 

- ■■ * ■ . ^ 

To "be a politlcan is with every citizen who understands politics a serious 
"business. It creates respect, dignity and character; in general it niakes the man. 

It is flattering and pleasant to sit among the lenders in political meetings, to 
"be ahle to spfalc "before others, to "be welcomed with eagerness and erpectation, to 
"be the leader o:^ the thought of those other non-political dullards or indifferent 
citizens, to whom there can "be occasionally made when elections require it, nice 
speeches, in which the opposition is roundly "berated and the favored candidates 
greatly prp.ised, and some trumps played to flatter the poor foolish -oeople, several 
thrusts can "be made against the powerful and the wealthy, so it will appear we are 
in a free co^ontry and no one will •make anything of it, thus we have a politician and 
that which he does is called politics, yes high -nolitics. What are the purposes 
and principles of this kind of -oolitics? Not one of these -ooliticians asks or 
cares a"bout that. He is simply a politician, he works fior some candidate of his 
party. Does he receive any pay? No, he even helps pay the expenses of the election 
in the expectation of some other kind of reward or favor. From force of hahit he 



Pa^e 2. 
IP 



WW. 



I F 6 \ ' 

12 ■ >■ '■ BOHEIvilAU 



will Tjerate the opposition party according to what he h^s learned from his party 
literature find no more. To inquire further as to the princiT)le8 of such T)0litics, 
what they lead to, and whether they are for the "benefit of the people; does not enter 
such a politician's mind, ... , .i 

Let us examine a little more closely these politicians and their hrpnd of 
politics. We shall learn how much despised is the citizen, #io Talindly goes along 
with his Tiarty, from force of habit, who allows nhimself to "be threatened "by the 
politicians as though his redemption depended upon that particular t)r,.rty. Just 
what is^thia American system of politics, either Republican or Democratic, other 
than the defense 3J\d ut>holding of the interests of the ruling classes, the caDit- 
alistic groups and their methods for the oporession of all who are dependent on 
them? We have in the United States a ruling class and a laboring class. The 
politics of both the major political parties tends only to preserve and protect the 
interests of the oppressive ruling classes. Nowhere, not even in CoiTgress or the 
various State Legislatures nor in the City Councils is anything done by which 
the interests of the leborln^; classes would be protected. It seems as though this 
class, has no rights, needs no consideration, has no needs and no desires.- 



"^NA 



Page 3. , . 

I F 3 

IF6 ^ ■ ■ 

IE ' •■ ■ • BOKSlvlIAH 



even so a .just government should strive to "benefit and satisfy the r.a.jority of its 
citizens. Both of the national parties make use of shanieful hypoctisy for the 
accomplishment of their aims, namely, that all their laws and efforts r)retend always 
to "be for the -orotection of freedom and rights of the masses "but ordinarily all their 
laws for the preservation of this freedom -oroce to ne the opposite thereof, and if 
"by any chance this law should happen to "be good then they disregard it and let it 
"become a dead letter. Therefore Ahe people again have nothing "by vshich they may 
"benefit. That is iDoliticB and to that end the politiciejis la"bor. Both the political 
parties of the country set up platforris made up of the old worn out ercpty phrases, 
a'bsolutely meejaingless, promising nothing, in feet acccii.plishing nothing. They 
decorate them with nice flattering rhetoric for their own party and a"buse and re- 
proach for the other party. Then they add a promise of good times to come as soon 
as the Darty and its Cc-ndidetes are elected. This then is called loolitics. The 
politician who knows how to picture it, knows how to he non-committal, knows how to 



Page U. 



I 
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r 
O 






BOHEi\iIM 



pass out a great denl of nonsense, both national and political, is then in a position 
to be among the leaders and may seet some office to repay him for the many years of 
loyal service he gsve to his t)arty. The citizens then accept these same platforms 
as though th«y were some kind of valuable jewels, entitled to respect and veneration 
like some holy writ; they dont realize that by means of these smooth artifices they are 
led by these sgijne political leaders, to vote for them, thereby helping them to 
attain some office which they Imwe probably sought for years. This is -oolitics 
as played by politicians. It is politics, to endeavor to hold an independent people 
in spiritual dependence and submission to the high political leaders. All of which, 
called humbug in America, is the privilege of ooliticisJis. 

Wha.t are the t)olitics of the laboring class against these conditions? Their 
politics are not prima.rily to seek personal profit and benefit or election to some 
office, but to endeavor first of all to bring about tr.at equa'ity and justice for 
all who are now being ground down by oppression under the present system. LabtSra 
politics must refrain from all political humbug and underhandedness and must endeavor 



Pe^e 5. '" 



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I F 3 

I P 6 ^ . . - 

IS v' - aOBSMIAN 



toward, educo.tion and enlightenment, the emancipation from subjection, the spiritual 
awakening of independent thought on Dolitical .matters in order to recognize the 
causes of unrest arid dissatisfaction amor^ the oeoTjle rnd to T^ork for the accomplish- 
ment of means to "bring a'bout the equality and justice so necessary to the peace and 
satisfaction of all the people. 

Laljor politics consider all previous major -oolitical iDarties as a drawliack to 
progress. Therefore it must not lower itself to the sajne trickery and machination 
which they used to carry out their principles. 

To join with them would "be to lower and destroy the principles of jxistice ard 
equality. LalDor's politics must overcome all that is evil and unjust no matter wherd 
it is found and 8UT)port all things th-^t are just and for the "benefit of all . 
For these reasons any sensible man may support the labor Tjarty for the interests 
of this party are the interests of all honest -oeoDle whether they be laborers, 
mechanic^, businessmen or farmers. 



I. ATTITUDES 
F. Politics 

4* Sxtent of Influence 



I F 4 BOH]Ja£[AN 

IV 

IV (Jewish) Denni Hlasatel . Nov. 8, 1922. 

IV (German) 

IV (Polish) GREAT D3r.:0CR^iTIC VICTORY 

(An abstract) 

/Half-tones one column-ninth of a page each showing the victorious 5 

Czech candidates, Anton J. Cerraak, Josef J. Mendl, and -tl 

Adolf J. Sabath; also other non-Czech Democratic p 

candidates such as Sdmund K. Jeirecki and 

Robert Sweitzer.T 



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Thorapsonism, ;vhich caused so much evil in our city, county, and state, 

received its mortal wound in yesterday* s election and went down in defeat tn 

But before it breathed its last it caused one more evil; committed one 

more sin. It combined with the Democrats to effect the defeat of our country- 
man, Attorney Albert B. ?Iolecek, who was nominated on the Republican ticket as 
a non-Thompsonian Republican candidate for senator from the Nineteenth district. 

As is well known there is a movement on foot to impeach Thompson's ally. Gov- 
ernor Small, at the next session of the State legislature. The city hall 



I F 4 - 2 - BOHSt^lAN 

IV 

17 (Jewish) Denni Hlasatel. Nov, 8, 1922. 

IV (German) 

IV (Polish) machinery worked with f\ill force attempting to have th* Biompson- ^ 
Small ticket elected. Mr. Holecek did not belong to that clique, 5 
and it was therefore necessary to bring about his defeat. It must be said, -r^ 
however, that there were many of our countrymen ;vho helped that clique and P 
brought about llr. Holecek' s defeat, t^ 

o 
All the Czechs who v;ere candidates on the Democratic ticket were elected ^ 

Z— CO 

Translator's note: There is much repetition of the information already given ,^ 

in the previous issues of this T)aper about the individual candidates whose names D^ 

appear on the first page of this translation_j7' Tivo candidates for county 

commissioner, IJr. F. J. Triska and I.lr. Novak, are also our countrymen. Their 

commissionership would cover all out-of-town county natters. If these two were 

elected it v;ould mean that the Czechs v;ould have a representation in the county 

board which would surpass their greatest expectations. 



» 



17 4 BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Oct, 8, 1922. 

CHICAaO CZECHOSLOVAKS COMPLAIN AGAINST REGISTRATION DISCOMFORTS 

(Editorial Comment) 

A large number of our Toters living in the Czechoslovak districts of Chicago 
registered their votes yesterday in spite of the bad weather; so many, indeed, 
that the results of registration may be called satisfactory. Everyone did his 
duty willingly, but many citizens complained against the action of the elec- 
tion commission irtiich selected the places for registration. On the basis of 
the new reapportionment of wards, that is, the fixing of new ward boundaries, 
certain precincts have been reshuffled and new polling places established. 
In doing so the comfort of the citizens was disregarded almost entirely. In 
certain precincts which are almost four blocks long, the polling places were 
stuck away in the furthermost recesses of court buildings, making it necessary 
for the voters to walk from one end of his neighborhood to another to register. 
It certainly would be more correct and more just to have these polling places 
in the center of the precinct or as near the center as possible. Ihis 



V 



I F 4 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 8, 1922, 

happened In more than one instance, and what is remarkable here, is the fact 
that this discomfort was caused chiefly to the Czech and Polish voters and 
in the districts inhabited by them. Let us hope, however, that this kind of 
treatment did not scare anybody away from doing his duty as a citizen. 



o 



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IV 







BOHa.!I.J-T 
Denni Hlasatel . ..T^r. 19, 1920, 

fraj\'k J. FDTRu KL-XTSD hi:-:sid^j::.'t of 

OF Tril GlCrl^O BOi.RD 0.'' EDUCTION 

The presioerit eno ohree menbers of tae Jicero Dojird of Education v.ere elected 
Saturday. The election v.as a triumph for the i-iohertit-ji people; a triunph thi^t 
was raucii inore significant because JaT, Frunk J. Petru and his friends had to 
overcone i;ie.ny obstacles in so'ie purts of Cicero, such as, in the districts of 
H£v;thorne and Grant ,,orks. In these aistricts he 'vas v.orlied af:ainst in such 
a maiiner that aefeat could have been expected. The ca:npait7i v;as especially 
furious in the Hsv.thorne District and v.ere it not for the Boheuian pluralities 
in the Llorton Park, the Clyde Park, and the V.'arren Park districts his fate vx)uld 

have been sealed Candidates for the office of the president receivoc- 

the follov.inc niirnber of votes: Frank J. Petni , 2,943; ■..illiani :,', Jannenga, 2,709; 
John F. Slapak, 484; Frank J. Horak, 159. .... 

Victory for llr. Petru is a victory for the Boheiaian frroup in Cicero, and let us 
hope that it vill contribute to t.he inprove'aent of the Cicero Board of Educ;ition 






mi 



I y 4 - 2 - 3oh~a:l. 

I i^ 1 a 

I F 1 Denni Hlasatel . ..r^r. 19, 1920. 

I F 3 

I'V ?..ici to the intrcduc+ion ci* better conditions in the nanaPie-ient of 
Cicero public schools. 

Besides the election Tor presidert and .lenbers of the Board of :n;ducation, 
citizsns also voted on tn& question of whether or not a public libr&ry should 
be establishea in Jicero. Thut a great riujority of voters reco^^Tiizec it as 
a necessity, v;as shov.n by the results: 5,269 votes for, and only 752 against. 




I g 4 BOHEMIAN 

I F 5 

I C Denni Hlasatel. Aug. 29, 19ib« 

I G 

17 CZSCHO-SLOVAKS 

The Hour for Action Has Struck 



(Advert isement ) 

g upon the batt! 
preserve democratic principles and persoaal liberty for us and our posterity* 



2 
Our sons and brothers are dying upon the battlefields of France. Why? To ^ 



We, who have stayed behind, should not think that we nave done our full duty g 
towsord our homeland by buying war bonds and war stamps and by contributing a "- 
few dollars to the Red Cross. All this was necessary, but it shows us only ^ 
from our materialistic side. If this war is to be won, our government must <>i 
receive moral support also. This we can best accomplish by voting the Demo* 
cratie ticket, so demonstrating to the German enemy tnat we stand firmly by 
our President, Woodrow Wilson. 

Czechs and Slovaksl This coming election is for the Czechoslovak element in 
this country of much greater significance than we may think. We are not con- 



I F 4 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 
I F 5 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 29, 1918. 
I G 

IV cemed merely with the election of Messrs. Anton J. Cermak and John A. 
Cervenka and a few state representatives. There is more at stake now: 

to be or not to be represented in public office in the future! 

This is the first time in the history of Chicago that Czechs have Lad the op- j 
port unity to elect a fellow countryman to the highest office of th© County of --v 
Cook. No one should think that the ruling clique of the Democratic party p 
recommended Messrs. Cermak and Cervenka out of sneer personal love; this recommen-'^ 
dation was wrested from the party by the political strength revealed in the size ^ 
of the Czech vote. "~" 

'jo 

■=> 
Only by concerted action is it possible for us to remain at the crest of -jjf 
political power. Are we capable of doing it now when the opportunity beckons? 
We have earned this recognition, and it is our duty as citizens to show ^hat 
we deserve it/ to the other nationalistic groups. Every Czech and every Slovak 
should, for this reason, appear at the demonstration meeting in the Pilsen 
Brewery Park pavilion on August 30 at 7:30 P.M. Do not offer the excuse that 



I r 4 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 5 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 29, 1918. 

I G 

IV the meeting can be held without your being present. If your sons, now 

In the Army, had spoken like that, we should have been In the Hun*s 
clutches long ago. 



^Ist of names of those on campaign commltteeT^ 



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I F 4 BO}e.:LiN 

II A 2 

ill .i. Denrif iPasatel . .-lU^. 6, 1918. 

i;0 ^LSJ..I:snj FOR BLU£i loL.iKD A\/i;r;Uii 

Feeling via.3 running nigh amonr; our people vhon, sor.'^e tlrr.e ago, it became 
'•cncwii that an eleveted line v/us to be built froin Harrison and [alsted streets 
on Blue Island .ivenue up to gSnd otreet. The structure xvould nave dis- 
figured ti^e appear-cnce, and destroyed the business, or our best street, aside 
fs*0f!i tae certainty that it .voula -lave completely ri.ined real-estate values. 
It would hf^.ve nade anotner La<e Street cut of our rn.ain ti..orout:ht';.re. 

Tr.e plan originated with the Traction Co-Tnicsion, '.Vi.ich was to submit the 
solution of the t ran sport, at ion problem to the coiomittee vv^ioh, in turn, was 
to report to the (Jity Council. The .'natter v/as to be voted on at trie next 
election. The busines.s associations of tae neighborhood axpeared before the 
transportation corxiittee a nui.'fcer of tiiTies, alv/uys lodging the nost vigorous 
protest against tne plan. .J?ter several nonths of hard vork, their objec- 
tions finally produced results. 



-a 

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I y 4 - 2 - BOHz^al.J] 

II ;. 2 

III .X Dennf Hla3':;tel . .oa^. 6, 1918, 

Ivlr. j'renk J . Bf lek infonas us tnat tne part of t.'ie proposed ordlirnce con- 
cerning Slue Xslend .iVenue is to be stricken out. aldermen xLlaus, LiCraciiolp, ^ 
Bov;ler, Powers, and Gullerton, have accoiiplished this, aided by pretests .-^ 

fron citizens. The corjnittee acknov/ledcei that the particular brancij was r- 

necessary for the developr.ent of the elevated systen, true enough , but 
recorimended th^t it be built eitaer eact or west of Blue Island revenue. In 
those location?, hov^ever, too much private property v/oulci have to be ex- 
propriated. 



The proposed ordinance in its anended forai uus been placed before tr.e City 
Council, 'vhich body, of course, cannot make it a lav/ until the voters have 
passed on it. 



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I F 4 BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . i^r, 22, 1918. 

J. F. SLAPAK RE-EIECTED 

Last Saturday's election for the school district No, 99, which comprises all 

of the Towm of Cicero, resulted in a victory for Jan F. Slapak, who competed j^ 

for the office of school-board president against his fellow countryman, Frank 5? 

D. Matousek, and against C. £• Carlson, who ran for that office in last year*s «r. 

election, f- 



Slapak and Uatousek received almost the same number of votes, Czech votes were 
split, emd there was a danger that the third candidate might win. 



: I 

CO 



Three members of the school board were also elected. No Czech is among them, ^ 
because Czechs did not concentrate their votes properly, Mr, Blazek, one of 
the Czech candidates, lost by only two votes, just because of lack of political 
co-ordination on the part of his fellow countrymen. The three elected members 
have held their offices before. Their terms run for throe years, while the 
president, according to the law, is elected for one year only. 



I F 4 BOHj:I.IL-JJ 

Demi laasatel. Dec. 23, 1917. 

CIC^O .JD CLYDE 

The Club of Czechoslovak Taxpayers in Cicero is exerting its political in- 

fluence to brinr about a nercor of the Cicero and Clyde school systems. Clj'-de td 

is in fact only a district of Cicero, and is Governed by the same adninistration. ^ 

Nevertheless, its scliools belonc to another district, ^i petition in favor of p: 

a laercer is beinf; circulated anDng the registered voters of Clyde, who have the "^ 

decisive v,-ord in the matter. 5 

o 



I F 4 BOiraaAN 

De.nnl Illasatel , Aw, 27,^ 1917. 

CZECHS "X"CT :D to CIClilRC SCHOOL BO/iRD ' 

The election held in Cicero, Illinois, last Saturday, broup:ht pratifyinp results 
to our people — three Czechs v.ere elected to the School Board. They are John 7, 
Slapak, president; /jvankj' J , Petru and F. J. Blaha. 

Mr. Slapak has held this office for several years; his re-slection proves that 

he has conducted the affairs of the Bonrd in a satisfactory nanner. Vr, Petru, 

who is a Ttrosperous businessman, was elected to the School Boor'd for three vears. » 

* CD 

!/;r. Blaha has been a member of the Board for several years. Czech voters played i— 

an important part in this election. o 

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I F 4 BOHlilMIAN 

I A 1 a 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . June 23, 1915. 

I G 

BCEIEMIAN COMMITTEE CALLS ON MAYOR THOMPSON 

Yesterday Mayor Thompson received in his office a committee consisting of 
representatives of the Straz Osvojenych (Guard of the Liberated), the Sdruzeni 
Ceskych Svobodomyslnych Skol (Association of Bohemian Free Thought Schools) , 
and other organizations under the leadership of the Alderman of the Twelfth 
Ward, The Mayor listened with interest to the story of the incident that 
caused the committee to seek the Mayor's help and intervention. He was in- o 
formed that the resolution, submitted by the Bohemians to the Chicago Board ^ 
of Education, protesting an article contained in a textbook used by our public ro 
schools, which eulogizes the Gennan Kaiser smd depresses and discourages the '^^ 
republican spirit in our youth, was not even read in the meeting of the Board's 
committee on school management — awhile the resolution of German associations which, 
in fact, was the reply to and defense against the Bohemian resolution, was given 
full attention and the request contained therein granted. After learning all 
the particulars of the incident, the Mayor realized and admitted that the 



S 



I F 4 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , Jxme 23, 1915, 

I G 

Bohemians weire not treated justly and properly. He gave the committee 
a letter to the president of the School Board expressing his regret that a 
public body, such as the Chicago Board of Education or its committee on school 
management, has shown citizens, coming before it with a complaint and a request, 
so unsatisfactory and disparaging a treatment, and requesting the president to 
see to it that the matter be taken again into proper and thorough consideration. 
The committee will deliver the letter this afternoon at four o* clock when the 
Board holds a meeting. 






I F 4 BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec, 18, 1913. 

NE'.V SCHOOL BOi\RD MEI.SBERS 

Mayor Harrison yesterdny submitted to the City Council his nominations for 
three members of the Chicago Board of Education. They are to replace the 
members who have been ousted because they refused to vote for yira, Ella Flagg?^ 
Young as superintendent of Chicago public schools, and voted instead for ^ 
John D. iShoop ?= 

Fifty-eight members of the Council were present at the meeting, which un- "^ 
animously approved the Mayor's nominations 






The nevj members of the Board include Josef A. Holpuch, who takes the place 
of J, B, Dibelka /& Bohemia^,,,., 



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I I F 4 BO!r:r:iAii 

Deniu^JIln_sjatel, Oct. 5, 1913. 

bcid:;ij\ii3 ih tilj city ivjj. 

City Fays ;a:-io3t Half ^Tillion .. Year 
■ • to 13ohe:iian J;:iplovGes 

Some twenty years a.^o \;hen thare -;cre a fow liohe.iian policeasn and a fev/ other 
Bohenian onployeos — th-ay could be counted en your finders — o:i the pay roll of 
the City of Ghicai^o, .ve Uood to bo proud of it and considered it proof that 
the Boheiiiun elenient in Chicago is rocoivin;': soiue recorr;nition. 

Today tuere are so many lioher.ian employees in th-3 City Hall that there is no 
department in ;vhich you could not find oonebody ivith vvhon to transact business 
in your own Bohenian lan^^ua^e. Counting all elective city officers, all ap- 
Dointive officers, crafts en, and workingiuen ir. the various departncnts, v/e 
find a total of 408 countriy-raen in the City's service, so.ie of v/hor.i, we all 
know, hold very hi/7ji positions. This number differs fron tL'ie to time, since 
it ':l50 includes Bohemians employed as street cleaners, ;.ind in this category 



I F 4 - 2 - bokjvIIa:: 

Denni Ill-satel , Oct. o, 1915, 

the namber of employees changes ;;ith weather, season, unc. otner circumstances. 

Of considerable interest is the total aiiount of money drawn by 13oho::iian em- 
ployees of the City of Chicago. ;e doubt that anybody could nake a close 
guess at that aiount, and most of us will be surprised to lear:i tliat Bohemian 
city officials and other enployess receive a total of o37,243.40 a ;:ionth fron 
the City. This amount, hov/ever, does not include public schools or the public 
library, whsre -lany of our countr^Tien are emplced in one capncity or another. 
These tv/o de^^artments, althour*^ maintained by funds obtained from Chicago tax- 
payers, are not unaer the direct control of the City treasurer as far as the 3 
■Dayment of ;var:es is concerned. If these \vere included, the amount of the t*? 
City's monoy flowing yearly into Bohemian t)oci:etbooks v;ould certainly exceed 
one-half million dollars. 

.'jriong elective officials ,ve tovo seven aldermen, tv;o judc^es, and the chief 



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17 4 - 3 - EOIG.IIiU'l 

Demii I llasate l, Oct. 5, 1913, 

bailiff of the l-Iuiiicipal Coai-t. Others hold important appointive of -"ices, such 
as our msnber of the Co.-mission on Iiprovemsnts, i,ir. 3iina, the .-.ssistant Con- 
missioner of Public .or..3, ...r, ivostner, and the City iXcaitGCt, I.ir. JLalal. 

The following is a oonplete list of Bohe.Tiian City emploj'-ees: 

City Council, sever, nenbors jl,750,J0 

Lav; Department , ten onplovees 1 , 056 , 64 

Election Go::j'ii3sion, tlirae 341.56 

Accountant , one 80, 00 

Ironic ipal Judges , two 1 , 000 . 00 c'\ 

Glor".: of Municipal Courts, thirteen 1,483,33 

Bailiffs of ::unicipal Courts, t.;elVG 1,836.00 

Parole Board Office, one 125.00 

Bridewell, i^our 855.00 



c- 



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- 4 - BOIinilAN 

Dermi dlasatel , Cot, 5, 191o. 

Buildinc Gomnission, one JllG.eS 

Health Department , -3 ight een i . 1 , 127 . 56 

Liglit Depart!nont , throe 283.00 

local Improvements , i'our 658, 3o 

Police, eiRhty-t.70 9,137.00 

Corstraction De'oartment, three ,. 400,00 *• 

Tele.^raph , one 48. 16 ^ 

Fire Department , tlii rty-three • 3 , 759 .00 ^ 

Public ..'orlTZS (Oo.-nmi3sioner'3 crfice), two 526.67 ^ 

streets De '^^artment : 2 

.lard OuT^erintendent , one 183. 33 i-^ 

Laborers, one-hundred and ten 5,280.00 

Drivers , thirty-four 2, 524. 00 

Tunnels , one 100 , uO 

..rchitects, three 060.00 

Maps Department , one 110 . 00 






I ? 4 - 5 - BCIIl'r'L'il 



\Si 



Deniii Illasate l, Oct, 5, 1913. 

S3v;ers , ono ,,^110. 00 

.,ater .Vork , all de par tments , f i f t een 1 , 171 . 50 

Bridges, einht 745.00 

City Hall, three 220.50 

v;orkin,'5iien in all other devjartj.ients, tv;enty-.six 1,540.00 

This list is of considerable interest not only because it shoves the number 

of Gitj' onxployeis of Bohemian descont und the eunount of jtone^'" they receive 

every rannth, but also because it is a doca-nont nrovinc the progress .;iade by 

our countr/inen in "olitics durini; recent years. S 



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I g 4 BOHEMl;-JJ 

I F 2 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel. Feb. 4, 1912, 

IV 

POLITICAL ilHTTSKS 
Our Count rynan, Sduard J, Forst,. Nominated as Congressman 

State Senator Sduard J. Forst, v.1io occupies a distinguished position in the 
Czech Democratic organization, was nominated as a candidate for the House of 
Representatives, at a meeting of Democrats of the Ninth, Tenth, Eleventh, and 
Twelfth V/ards, held in the Bohemian-iunerican Hall on 18th Street, lir* Forst 
is the candidate for Congress from the fifth district. 

Our countryman, Mr, 3, F, Kovnovsky, is named among the candidates for the 
office of County Commissioner on the Republican ticket. There are no other 
Bohemian candidates on the Republican coxmty ticket. 




I F 4 BOHStllJJ-J 

I F 5 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 29, 1912. 

FCLITIC.iL IlvTTSRS 

Most interesting to us is who v;ill be the candidates in the Czech vmrds. 
In the Tenth '.iard, the incumbent .ildernian Frani: J. Vavficek is again seek- 
ing the nomination and is supported by the Sullivan faction. The Harrison 
faction has three candidates. They are Jaraes LIcKichols, our countryman 
Charles llichal, and Charles Byrnes. In the iHleventh ".Vard there are thus 
far only tv;o candidates in the field, and both are adherents of !:ayor 
Harrison, foncer iUrierraan Peter L. Hoffman, and Lr. Prank Brev/ersdorf. 
In the Ti:elfth VJard, on the Denocratic ticket, there is only one candidate, 
the incui.ibent .Alderman -jiton J. Cemak, v/hereas the Republicans have tv;o 
candidates: /J.bert ta-lha, supported by Governor Deneen^s faction; Joseph 
Capek, candidate of the Loriner organization and of the Lincoln Protective 
League. In the Tiventieth '.^ard, formerly the Ninth, opposing each other, 
are the incui.ibent /ddeniian Henry L. Fick and our countryman Hugo L. Pitte; 
the latter is the Harrison candidate. --lS yet the Republican candidate has 
not appeared. 



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I F 4 - 2 - B0HEI.IIAI'I 

I F 5 

IV Deroii Hlasatel . Jan. 29, 1912, 

In the Tiiirty-fourth VJard, a fierce struggle for the Democratic nomination 
is taking place, -dmost all of the candidates are Czechs. !Ir. John Tonan, 
who is employed by the Public Library, is the candidate of the Harrison 
faction; luirel iiada is supported by fonaer Jtate Senator Cyril R. Jandus 
and is considered a candidate of the Sullivan faction; /tldeman Ryan, an 
adherent of the sane group, is supporting I.Ir. Joseph Kacena. .ilso cam- 
paigning are Karel Vesely and V.infiel Held, both of whon are said to belong 
to the Sullivanites, 




I F 4 B0H5I.IEM 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 13, 1911. 

AIDERl'Al^y JMOVSKY BRINGS PRESSURE TO INSURE THE 
DISCOimNUANCE OF SHORTAGE OF HATER IN TOm^ OF LAKE 

Impressed by our report yesterday about the shortage of water in Tovm 
of Lake, Alderman Felix B. Janovsky of the Twenty-ninth V7ard put 
pressure upon the proper departments in the City Hall and today we 
can assure the inhabitants of the Town of Lake that they will no 
longer suffer from a shortage of water. Alderman Janovsky has been 
assured that in order to overcome the shortage of water, two pumping 
stations would be combined into a single tonit and the Town of Lake 
would have plenty of water. 




I F 4 BOHELIIAN 

III G 

I F 5 Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 21, 1907. 

IV 

IV (Jewish) TO HELP CZECH ILMGRAOTS IN BOI^IDAGE, 

~ 
P. 1. --Congressman Sabath who is back in Chicago, Congress having adjourned 
until January 6th, informs us that he has been named on the committee for ":' 
the regulation of interstate liquor traffic, and also on the cotunittee of "^^ 
iirjuigration and naturalization. He can be of considerable use to our country- -c 
men, and surely no Czech's complaint, of whatever nature, shall be passed up by ? 
him now, when he can take almost direct action before the two coi-jnittees, c 



Congressman Sabath, the only Czech representative in i/ashington, has taken 
vigorous steps in the investigation of the plight of our own fellow country- 
men who, together with immigrants of other nationalities, are held in bondage 
by American enterprises in the South. The Secretary of Commerce, lor. Strauss, 
himself in a conference, gave the congressman every assurance of his support 
in this matter. 



JO 



I F 4 - 2 - BOHEL^IAN 

III G 

Denni Hlasatel, Dec. 21, 1907. 



During his sojourn in Chicago, the congressman will devote most of his time 
to the hearing of complaints. 



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- 3! t BOHEf/JAN 

J. F 3 —— — — 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 6, 1906. 

CZECH TAXPAYERS REFUSE ROLE OF V/ALL FLOWER. 5 

p. 4, --The "big shots" surely profess a great love for us Czechs whenever they p 
want us to do something for them, but when they are asked to do anything for "^ 
us, even when the demand is most justified, they suddenly do not know us. './e g 
don't mean the well proven love of the Austrian Government in Vienna for the ^ 
Czech nation, but we mean the nanner in which we Chicago Czechs are being o 
treated by the Republican administration of this city. All of the other J>' 
nationalities are able to gain recognition sooner than we Czechs, and this refers 
not only to politics, but other fields as well. Let us thus take a look at 
the way the Republican ^ark Board handles our interests. In accord with 
former planning there are to be created three smaller parks: one in the Pilsen 
district between May and Fisk streets, Twentieth and Twenty-first streets, one park 
in the Jewish settlement, and one on the northwest side. 



- 2 - BOHEklAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 6, 1906. 

Logically the building of the park in the most intensively tax paying district 
should have the preference; that- is our Pilsen district. We are informed, how- 
ever, that the Park Board intends to build the park in the Jewish settlement * 
first with xhe one on the northwest side to follow; what is left of the appro- > 
priation is to go for our park. The majority of the Park Commissioners think '^ 
that nothing will be left. This time, however, the gentlemen of the Board have ^ 
made an error in their calculation. They believe that the Jews in the Ghetto ig 
and the Poles on the northwest side would set up a vigorous protest if the 2 
creation of their parks were delayed, whereas the Czechs in their proverbial lo 
patience, which borders on indolence, would not stir. Those politicians are C^ 
convinced that they can promise us anything and deliver nothing. »/e have to ''" 
show them that we are filled up with promises and want action. Our -fellow 
countrymen of the Pilsen district will certainly remonstrate with the Park 
Board and let them know the opinion of the Czechs in regard to the park issue. 
The tax payers of the Sixteenth Ward shall be the first to push the matter 
until the park stands in the midst of our district. 



DQiElHlAK 



I F 4 

IV 



Denni Hlasatel, Julv 2, IPOI. 



THE NS;. .'CHCGL 3Ci.:iB 

Karel J. Vopicka becomes ^he sucoetcor of C . ?. . V.'alleclc, 

IJayor Harrison, yesterday sent to ohe City Council, a list of his appointments 
to t'iiQ School Board, the :noEt important of v/nich, for us, is the installation g 
of Karel J. Vopicka us a .Tiemcer of the board ins-oead of Mr. 'Valleck. That ** 






T. 






Walleck did not have the Elif:ht«jst expectation of reappointment was •cnov.n some 
time ago. The problem -ivac simply to find a suitable ■■erson, who would accept 
his position. Finall;,- the !'ayor ofiered it to "r. Vopicka, v/ho at first was 
inclined to refuse the offer, because he is fully occupied with business matters. 
Hov/ever, v.hen the "ayor told hira that there would not be any Bohemian on the 
School Board if he did not accept, he finally a^jreed to accept. Mr. Vopicka 
has an excellent reputation frona u nationalistic, ut well at from a political 
and business viev^point and it is certain, that the greatest portion of his 
countrymen v.ill be satisfied v.ith his appointment. Besides him the following; 
were also appointed: Charles J. Holmes, Dr. Heinrich Kartung, Mrs. Isabelle 



v» 



I F 4 -2- DCH_::i;.ii 

IV 

Denni ^'lasatel , July 2, I9OI . 

C'Keefe, Frank J. Loesch, Josef Downey ixiid Johri ?. '."olff. The lat't four 
were members of the previous Doard. 



c: 

r » 



I F 4 
IV 



B0T-I3.:iAIT 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 4, ICOl. 

j:l2ctio:; coi.iiiiTT. 

Tuesday's election brou,:;iht many svarprises aiid much enli^htemnent. .l]specially 
amon^ us Bohemians, there was plenty of loth. The election of Joe Sindelar 
as alderman surprised many Democratic politicians, but it did not surprise 
those who went anonc the peoriie and observed their attitude. Another surprise 
was z':.e insignificant nuinber of votes cast for the ^cial Democratic candidates 
for the offices of aldenaan. Only the Bohemian alderi.anic candidates carried 
on honorably, althoiiA-'h they did not receive tte number of votes that v/ere ex- 
pected from anon.^ their friends. In the tsith ward tr.e socialists made wagers 
that their candidate would receive over 500 votes. The failure of the candi- 
dacies of Mr. Novaic and Shabecl; was a surprise to many. 

It seems to us that the interest of Bohemians in political natters is dwindling, 
Formerly there were so many nove~ients, so much debating and such great interest, 
but this year nothi:;.5^ could he seen or heard. 

Politicians, especiall"' those 7/ho make the decisions should tahenotice and 
strive to regain the favor of our people by caring for tl-ieir wis'ies a^id require- 
ments. If tiiey continue to think only of themselves and never about the voters 
they will live to see even greater surprises. 




-ULi BOEii.ojur 

I F 6 

^^^ ^ 37ornost, Apr. 5, 13C9. 

TTTE SLmC'^ICNS AIG OYZR. 

Those who \7ere victorious are rutbing their hands with joy, although the 
careful observer kno',7s that trds result was accomplish.ed onl;/ with the help 
of ■!;: e none- :f Hew York's Tanriany, and thosa who were defeated, will again 
turn their attention to private :::attcrs in the jcnowled -e that they endeavored 
according; to their best capabilities, to brin." tis taxpa:'er*s money into the 
pockets of unnecessarj'' officials nnd contractors. So. far as we Eohanians are 
concerned, ',7© see nothin,^ in t-.e resv. Its, except t-.e decline of n'ltional 
consciousness. 

The "oersonal 'oolitical interests of sor.ie clinbers have sut)r)ressed, so it seens, 
absolutely that subli.Tie idea of one larne Eohenian-Ajnericaa family, of that 
branch of a gi^eat people, which transplanted to the fertile soil of Free i\r.erica 
will blooni arrain, Tiiere was a tirrie when o^xr country-men, re-raraless c [" political 
affiliation, .TOuld vote for a Bohemian, as such, but tr.at ti.e is past. 




— — — — .Z fi 

,•- ^.f.A, ;:= 

Svornost, Arir, G, 1809, v i, -c. 

■.7e recollect t' e -aaras, of Y L IL: "I.'oral poison is a cheap article anon": Bohemigns, 
for it is cooked up in so maw Eohenian lioarts onci heads. Heed rror: a thousand 
wounds, dear fatherland, your sonc vdll heal you "by pouring into fresh ^rounds new 
poisons,"- ./here,''ore are v/e hastenin-^ on earth? Isn*t it tine that we face about, 
isn't it tir.e bhat -.ve open ovo' e:es to see, t'-nt in the pui-suit of the •Tolden Calf, 
we are selliri-^ nation-il ties, vjhicr: th"..s far have houn'? us for a plate of sL'nTjle 
porrid?^? 

Isn't it time that ne expose those various f--.lse prophets ainon{^ us, '."fr-O praise the 
work of individuals in the various offices onl:- so loa^ as thf^y h^ave so;ie --ain 
therefron, hv.t perciste-.tly pars the v/orkers by in silence, v/hen thoy could be 
given recor^nition in t'-e foir: of rm honorab.le public orfice, and they ignore then, 
only beca'-ise trjcy recoiv d frot: the otlor political party a paltr-y sur-; and two lots 
on whic'.i to build a printin,^ plant? 

Isn't it ^ine, that oiir people prepare therjselves to tear do.7n and destroy this 
artistic structure of .'''- o politicd clique, ^t,\(S: lies on the breast c-f oiir entire 
national activity like an Alpine mass, so that we can not even breathe, let alone 
live and successfully advance? 



-3- Boiiar.uu'j 

o7 01110 st , Apr. 6, 139 9 ♦ 

If the principle of nei'fr.borly loveis a simple farce, TJliich is ?30od enouj'^- for 
celebrations and t> eorv, but in practice is rejected, it is better t: at you 
fling it away at once; at least you will be si .cere to the masses of or.r people, 
and at least the people ■;7ill !aiow v/here they stand. So far as -rre are concerned 
7je can sleep in peace, .ie did our duty in supporting all sincere and act'aal 
Eoher:rLans, -uho sou~;-.t public office and eveiyone knows, that only shanei'ul 
practices, fraud and bribery ca.. sed tl e victory to fall to the other side, 

,76 shall not stop before th.e fiLn is ronoved fron the eyes of ovir people, and, 
surely, the tirie is not far off V7heii they -.7111 awahe aM realize v/ho gave them 
good advice. 



I F 4 BOHSMIAN 

Svornost, Apr, 8, 1896, -^ 

ELECTION R3TURNS FROM YE3T3RDAY, "^^ 

Republican candidates won in all district s, and received votes in big major- P^ 
ities. William Laffler, Bohemian democratic cajididate for West Town assessor f-^ 
lost with a 4,700 vote minority against William Gaffert, Republican, G. F. \-i 
Stepina, Republican, was elected collector for West Town District with a major*^ 
ity of 8,500 votes. Three Bohemian aldermen will represent the Bohemian 
population in the city council, -> Frank LZeck, democrat, Ward 8 (715 vote major- 
ity)} Vaclav Klenloa., Republican, Ward 9 (985 vote majority) and Anton Novak, 
Republican, Ward 10 (525 votes majority). 

The Republican party celebrated its big victory yesterday in all electoral 
districts. Not paying attention to the fact that only 50^ of the registered 
citizens gave their votes in the election locals, the Republican ticket's 
victory in all districts was smashing, receiving an enormous majority of votes* 

We can say the election results are very satisfactory. Some of the aldermen 
were re-elected, some with bad recrods lost their lucrative Jobs* The 
Bohemians received three nominations, one Democrat and two Republicans! Ward 
8 - Democrat, Frank Ifeck; Ward 9 - Republican, Vaclav Klenkaj Ward 10 - 



I F 4 



- 2 - 



BOHEMIAN 



, Svomoet , Apr, 8, 1896, 

Republican, Anton Novak. 







BOHEIJIAN 
Svomost . Jvme 22, 1892 
NEW PROOF 



We have said several times that the Repuhllcen Party is one which has inherited 
and accepted the principles of the old "Knoxf Nothing" party and that whenever 
the opportunity is offered, these principles are put into effect with well 
recognized conscientiousness. The heart of the Republican Party contains an 
element which is greatly interested in hatred of everything which is not 
genuinely American, which maintains that only full-hlooded Americans have the 
ri^t to direct the fate of the community, and that the immigrant citizen only, 
has the right to pay and to remain silent. 

We do not belong sumong those who are iinder the impression that we are duty- 
"boTind to support this or the other party merely because it appoints some 
Bohemian inspector, or because it gives to a Bohemian some other minor office. 
We believe that the Bohemian nationality derives not the slightest benefit 
from enabling several Bohemian politicians to make a living for themselves 
at the city or co\mty trough. But when a party adopts this attitude toward 
the Bohemian element, when we continually are received with coolness, disfavor, 
yes even unfriendliness, when it is clearly shown that we are not wanted, then 



-3- BOHEMIAN 

Svomost . June 22, 1892 

indeed one woxild have to be crazy to force thenselves upon such a party. It 
wovild "be much "better to give up all political activity or turn to that party 
which knows how to value services rendered. It is not only in Chica^ - but also 
in all other cities. Our countrymen complain rightfully, that they are not 
recognized by the Republican Party, and that the leaders of the party are the 
most determined denotincers of the immigrant element. Not only in local politics 
but also in higher circles has it been made quite evident that they can get 
along very nicely without us. 

Now our Republican mayor has again given us proof regarding his favor. The 
entire Bohemian element and the Bohemian press joined in recommending to him a 
capable Bohemian for the school board nomination, but the mayor threw all these 
requests and all petitions into the waste basket. Why didnH he satisfy the 
Bohemians in their desire for a previous Bohemian representative on the school 
board who had shown himself to be capable? Was it because he is a Democrat? 
He named Mr, Nettlehorst last year and he belongs to the Democratic Partyl 




-3- 



Svornost, June 22, 1892 



EOKZMIAN -'' ^ 




Our candidate was a Sohenian and this was sufficient for Mr. V/ashbume. We 
are certain that this was not the work of the mayor alone - for before he 
named the members of the school board he surely consulted with his lieutenants. 
Therefore, this rejection can be accepted by us as not coning from an 
individual, but as coming from the Party. 



I F 4 

^ y 5 ^ BOHEIvJAN 

J Svornost, IJay 14, 1892, 

IV 

■^* • BOJEIJAII KEI'RESEirrATIOlI IK SCHOOL ROARD. yVPA (M.L ) PPO.J 3Q27^ 

Jill the Republican mayor respect us ac his Democratic predece^cors did? 

Among Boheiziians the question of representation of the Boheroian elements in 
the school board is again being discussed. As far as we know, at present no 
one is seeking thic honorable office. 

Even Dr. Jirka has not sought reappointinent. However, it is certain that 
Bohemian Republicans should at this time remind the mayor that he must provide 
Bohemians with a place on the school board, if tlie supposition that his party 
is unfavorable to the Boheuian element is to be overcori/e. 

It is known of course that a member of the school board cannot look after the 
interests of his ov/n nationality tc the exclusion of others. 



- 2 - EQIISIv!IiiM 

Svornost, Lay 14, 1892. •'"''■ (^A )?m 3n?7f, 

He must respect the interests of all for the benefit of the public schools. 
Everything else is secondary. Since it has become a practice » .araong us, that 
every nationality be represented in that body, surely 50,000 Bohe^uans have a 
ri^rit to request thiit one from among them be appointed. Eohendans are among 
the taxpayers. Therefore they have sl ri^ht to der^and repres'^i^i't^tion in every 
department of the city administration. According to regulations, Boheid.ans 
gcnd their childy^en tc the public schools. Therefore, they riglitfully expect 
that a Bohemian will always be apn.ointed a member of the school board, so 
that they will have some one to turn to, should they wish to make a complaint 
or a proposal. 

It is unnecessary to mince -r/Orr'.s on this question. By what method can it be 
accomplished, so that the mayor will give the Bohemians reprerentation? 

By harmonious v/ork, by the dropping of all political partisanship, by dis- 
carding all personal likes and uniting in support of one individual, v/ho is 
looked upon by all as the best qualified for the office. 



- 3 - BOHEin^-JvI 

Svornost, Lay 14, 1892. W^ rILL.) PSOj %?7t 

And who should it be? 

if we were to go over the list of Bohemian citizens, if we v/ere to plp.c© the 
cuestion before a Dei.iocrat or a Republican, the answer would be the same. Our 
v/is:i is that the present nember of the board. Dr. Jirka, be rea.ppointed. 

ThxB is the best recoiraendation v/hich can be given any member. 

One such official is and always v/ill be, a greater satisfaction to us than tv/enty 
others, v/ho would be mere ciphers in that body. 

Dr. Jirka has expressed hinself on several occasions as not being a candidate, 

but if 'the Bohemian people will insiet on him and succeed in Iiaving mayor V/ashburne 

appoint hiiii, he must submit to tiie wishes of his countrymen. 



I P 4 BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Svornost. March 17, 1892» 



3> 



BOHEMIAN POLITICS. -d 

ro 
o 

W© believe that every oitizen, who in recent years, took the slightest oj 

interest in local politics, will agree with us, if we say, that Bohemian ^ 

politics have thus far failed to achieve the success to which it is entitled ^^ 

by reason of its strength. It cannot be denied that the Poles, who thus 

far can not boast of such strength or ini'luence, have managed to gain greater 

benefits than we have attained* 

Let us consider, for example, last year's County elections* Local Democrats, 
who v/ere trustingly supported by the Bohemianst ignored their assistance 
oompletelv in the convention, anc' only after long entreaty was oitizen 
Stajner g raciously accepted on the party ticket* 



I F 4 - 2 - BCHEIMIAN 

I C 

Svornost, Maroh 17, 1892» 

Now they are again guilty of suoh a mistake* Although, the Poles are repre- 
sented on both township tickets, the Bohemians were not given even the smallest 
offioOf yeSf not even a clerk>ship, which in the past has alwajrs been re- 
served for them* There were plenty of candidates in the field, and we ^ 
believe that all those who sought a place on the ticket were as capable as ^ 
any of those who received the nominations* The convention did not even 
hesitate when it came to the request of the Bohemians, and worked out 
the nominations as smoothly as if there were no Bohemian element in the Zg 
Party* S 

CO 

The nomination for alderman in the 8th Ward can also be considered as an C:^ 
intentional snub for the Bohemian Democratic group* Even though a Bohemiaii 
was nominated, and, as we belive ha is a capable citizen so 1hat Bohemian 
citizens oould ne fully satisfied, nevertheless, the defeat of Sindelar was 
a defeat of i>emocracy in the ath ^Tard, because that ward wanted him nomi- 
nated, and it '^id not reeommend anyone else*. 



r- 



ij" 



:<, 



I P 4 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Svornostt March 17, 1892 • 

Let us examine the aohlevements of the Irish* They have their own political 

leaders, v^om they trust fully* Ths words of tiieir leaders are law* They 

are well organized soldiers, who support the side that offers them certain ^ 

gains. ^ 

r— 

It is possible to expect a like organization on our peu't* No doubt we *o 

could find enough c^pable leaders among us, vdio could, before each election, ^ 

examine the field and know in which direction we should proceed, but the :>-, 

question remains as to whether or not these leaders would be supported as f^ 

are the leaders of other nationalities? '-*~' 

Bohemian Democrats are strong enough today to take an importcmt part in the 
party* It depends on their being eble to utilize this strength* 



I F 4 BOHEMIAN 

Svornostt Ifciroh 11, 1892» 



13 



A BOHEMIAN DELEGATE TO THE NATIONAL CONVENTION. n; 

.•ar- 



c's 



The well known Bohemian Democrat, L« ^l» Kadleo, was elected a delegate to c^^ 
the national convention which will meet in our city in June* This is the t^ 
first time, that a Bohemian is being sent bya major political party in '^'' 
Illinois, to a convention at which it is to be decided who is to be nominated 
for the office of President. 

?fe do not look upon the election of Mr. Kadlec as an individual distinction, 
but as an acknowledgment given to the Bohemian element by this great political 
party. No personal gain will be derived by Mr, Kadlec through his election, 
but, Bohemian Democrats may be proud of the success they have achieved. 
Tney can point with pride to the fact, that the Democrats of the Second 
Coi.gressional District, which is known as a Democratic stronghold, called upon 
a Bohemian to represent them at the National Convention. V/e believe that Ifr. 
Kadlec, who has been honored by tlie party, will not remain satisfied with his 
present success, but that we shall be able, in a short time, to bring reports 
of his further advancement. 



I g 4 
I F 5 



rUj 



BOHEMIAN 



<-^.A 



Svornost. Mav 13, IS9I. 

SECOIO) BOHEMIAN IN OFFICE 

The first Bohemian to "be provided with an office was Mr.Chot, a well known 
enthusiastic Republican, 

The second is Vaclav Lusk, a Harrlsonian Democrat. He was named Water Tax 
Assessor. It seems that the Democrats, in the oursuit of politics, are just 
a little "better educated than Repuhlicans. However, Mr. Lusk is capable of 
filling the office to which he was named and it does not matter to which party 
he adheres. - 



III A BOHEMIAN 

Svornost. January Jl, IS9I 

EDWABD HOLY, BOHEMIAN BAILIFF 

Sheriff Giltiert kept his word at last and ao-nointed a Bohemian as hailiff , and 
we are sure that "by this act he will gain the favor of Bohemian Hepuhlicans whose 
concern it is to see that every office is filled "by a capable p rson. 

The office of hailiff is more imiDortant than some think, and in convocation 
summons of Jurors and. in the keeoing of their records great care is necessary. p 

The sheriff must take into consideration, that many Bohemians come to courts 3 

\mable to speak the English language and in order to avoid payment of hired !— 

interpreters "by them it "becomes necessary that there "be t)laced in our co^rt ^ 

rooms men capa"ble of filling the positions as Mr. Holy does. Having mastered ^k 
the Bohemian, English and German languages, he is recognized as a capable 
interpreter and is good penman. 



no 
3> 






B0}i3..;lAiI 



Svornos t. June 5, 1S90 
^0H3;:iA.^' DSL^tOATIOr AT SPRINOFISLD 



Oior country-nen at the 3v)ringfield "Convention apparently f re not merely 
listeners, as they formerly were, for several of them hrve "been npmed to 
important comnittees. "'e have been informed th?t L.'V. Kadlec was elected 
chairman of the delegates of the fir<;t Congrassionrl I)istrict; Aldernan 
Dvorak vras na'aed a Tneni"ber of the Committee on Credentials, J. Kostner, was 
nominated for the Committee on Organir:ation, however, he declined the honor, 




I F U . ' - 30HEl.iIAIT 

IV (John Kr?lovec) 



Svornost . I-'ay IJ, 1S90 

PAR*: COJ-t'lISSIOH 

•Citizen John ?>alovec, received fron G-overnor Fifer, his confirmation as 
park commissioner, si^^ed "bv G-ov. Fifer and "by the Secretary of Strte Pear- 
son, 'io^-a"", -r. Kr^lovec, '/dll deposit the required "bond .^nd one week 
from next Tuesday he T'ill "be introduced to the Park Bo^rd l^y his pre.lecessor, 
Ju(i£,-e Kohlsaat, "'e feel certain that every 3ohemirn will a/vree with us, if 
we say, that, for this responsi"':>le office, there could not hove "been found _ 

a more ca.prhle ccontrvraan and that the Bohemian Kf^tionalit.v will hrve a to 

dignified representative in '..'r. Kralovec. t::J 



3> 



O 






1 I h 
IV 



30Hr-:.:iAi: 



mk 



Svornost . lia^ 12, l?gO 
THE FIRST 3vOH"i;:.!lAI] PARK CO:2n§SlOMER . ' • ' 

A tele£praphic report was received frora Sprin^jfield Saturday that 3-overnor 
Fifer had naned oior well-known coimtrynian, John Kralovec, a neriher of the 
^'est Parks Cortimis si oners. A short tine p.go the -pl.-ce w-s vr-crted ^y the 
present Pro1v?te o'-odiie Koh]saat, and -^oiiemian Hepublicans requested tliat 
I.'r. Kralovec "Oe appointed to the vacancy. 

Bohemian Repuhlicans had plenty of reason to fear that their request woiild 
not be granted at first, for there v/ere many who tried to z^-z Die appoint- 
ment, -who hcd much influence, and ,?.s is v/ell-known, the financial interests 
which conirioute to each political car.paign had to oe considered. Lately, 
however, more favorcihle reports have "been arrivin^^, :vrid it was 'beca'ase of 
a certain Hepublicrn politican who is in on all the secrets pt the State 
Cepitol that Mr. Kralovec, v/as finally named. T'e r.ust congrr*tulrte our 
fellow-countryman. 



I F 4 BOHEMIAN 

17 Svornost « June 30th, 1885. 

THE NOMINATION OF A BOICMIAN 

As we know our countryman, Jaroelav Schlessinger, applied for the 
position of a postmaster in a south-west post office, located on Blue 
Island and 18th Street. Two other prominent politicians also applied 
for the position, but the chief postmaster of Chicago, Judd, nominated »' 
the Bohemian, J. Schlessinger, who will be installed into office this 
afternoon at 4 P. A, We hope our new Bohemian postmaster will see to it, 
that more Bohemian officials receive the appointments and that all those, 
^o are already working there will remain on their jobs. 



« 





I F 4 

I F 5 " BCHil.a^N 

I F 1 rvornost , Cit. 7, IfiBi^. 

.IV 

OUR COUNTRYMAN i^. SCHLESINnElR i:: -IL'.T.TrZ, 

The Bohemian candidate for State Representative is elected. Yesterday the lists 
from the last two precincts were counted and this decided the election between 
Schlesinger and Meyers. "The report fro:n the book of the Election Tupervisor shows 
that Schlesinger had 6,833 votes and I.'.eyers 3»994 votes. His election mainly de- 
pended on the i;oheraians. Ue have proved that we are able to unite and to fii_ht 
valiantly for our countryman, who as a result emerged victorious. 



I F 4 BOIC;.IIAN 

gvornost t June 15 ♦ I883. 
FRCli THE LEGIfL;>TTJR3 Cr^ ILLIi.' I? 
TH2 BOHSL'IAK JUSIICS OF PZ^Ci FCR CKICitGC NOMINATED 



3> 



5C 



{S3 



Springfield, 111., June IZith. The proposed Eoheniun ju-tice of the Peace, 
Ed. A. Fischer, was today uncoaimously nominated in the se:jsion of the Senate. S. 
He obtained the renomination as a proof of good will to the Bohemian nation- ^ 
ality, v/hich deserves for its honesty in the district, to ha, e at least one 
Justice of the Peace, who speaks Bohemian and can be of T^uch benefit to our 
countrymen, who do not possess tne ~nglish language. The Governor tent his, 
(llr. Fischer's), name to the fenate v/ithout any hesitation and the JTenate 
sanctioned it. ''any thanks for it to the Judges, to the Governor, and to the 
?eniite. '.Ve are completely convinced, that this olfice was re^^ched in a most 
honest waj/, to the desire of the Bohemian nationality, and to prove that the 
concerned official and political circles are taking care of Bohemians, re- 
specting them and v/ished to do somethir.g ^^'- their favor. Ve should remember 
it forever. It is a disgrace for all these renegades who, knowing that they 
can have no hope to reach this office, have worked v:ith all their pov.er at.ainst 
tiie possibility of its being obtained by the Bohemians. ,Ve v/ill remember. i't* 
too, w-ien the suitable time comes . 



I F 4 
I C 



BOlSiaAlT 



SvDrrio: 



Al-^ril 



t^ f Xooo » 



fra::cio itbya ja:didat;j x '■^r.z 'jit/ coniciL, . 

Tlie independent D^nocratic club ox" "/ e 3th -irard -.t" ic'.. :>rifiinall;- proposed 
Li". Il'iial as candidate to the city council, mt later accepted his rerusal, 
turned its attention to 7, Ilubka, 'jeil kno\in countryman, and a businessman 
on the soutii siue of I-Ialsted Street and was assured of tl^e accopta:ice of the 
candidacy. Hot onl" tl.e nunierous and notable cili2u:is of Boheraian nationality 
have recoriraended Ix. Hubka, "out the other nationalities l:ave coiifirmed his 
candidacy very heartily* 




All depends now on Bohor.ian voters, ±T they will ^ive i/:\eir votes collectively 
because this way only, we can secure the victory for I.lr. Eubka, the victory 
so long expected by Bohemians, ie recorj-iend I.h-. Ilubka to all voters as a 
most aui table and able candidate ~o the city council. 



I ? 4 EQIIBI.JAIT 

I C 

Svornost, I.larch 13, 1883. 

:B APJC DIGO.niHD. 2 

(Editorial) F 

The Bohemians in Ghica::o are not to have their own justice of peace. o 

Co 

Tlie result of ?riday*s conference of the jud.];es, concernii;;-^ the proposal for C^ 
new justices of the peace is extrenely surprising to the Bohemians. *^ 

The judges have not proposed a single Bohenian for justice of peace, although 
we have many able and capable jurists, althou--h there are in Chica;X) more than 
30,000 Bohemians, and althou'^h we had last year a Bohemian judge, to our great 
benefit. The Bohemians in Chica -o are entitled to have at least one judge, 
who understands and talks the lanptuage of more than 30,000 citizens of Chicago. 
7e are equally as r^ood citizeriS and taxpayers as Americans, German3, in many 
respects better than Scandinavians, and, especially, better than the Frenchmen, 
who in comparison to the Bohemians are a very anal 1 number, 

,7e Bohemians in Chica-:© occup:, third place, in nu.'r.erical size corning ir/med lately 
after the Oermans , as tiie last census shows. 




EOSBv JAN 
-2- ' 



Svornost , Ivlarch 13, 1883, 
^ • .t to clai^' representation in public services; rirht now we are 
^^r^ In^^rc?nees^:n. represented successfully. 

.-, J. -,-!+■ -r n^P>r^V for two ter^ns and 

,e .ave .a. in a.ica-o o.. c^ ^^.^i'^^^^i:^^^^ or e..oa.ion 
:^<^^Z^l'^^^ of t?rc;.oa..-:..Uo U^^a.^. B>. »o were una.le. 
and on tne ouaxu w . .^^.^ „p of 1/ e peace, 

until now, to have our own justice oi . p ^ 

Tow^ro-n ^ A. wisher . was nominated 
^,n, t.e tenn of ".v. ^l^- ^^^<^ '^Z:.^;^^ L Mile- As .e .now^ 
Justice of the peace to finisn "• « *®' ' °' convinced, that all EohoEians 

r'S. liBher -.as -tops" in his P°-*-/,„» '^ I', t.Cest a.-.d'ahle JusHce of the 
^.e ^aterul^to *^-,[2^:-,-;,,:ed-"r Choice and was .lad that the Bohe.xans 
rohi^^^^^orr-i^ a ^.st and capahle justice. 

.^ ^ -on^niHns wa-, solved to the complete sat- 
The majority of the cases betwe^ ^^^.f ^^^aner'-cial inouiry, the Bohemian 
isfaction of hof. parties. ..s ./e .oana o 



~o 

•3> 



7X3 

O 
o 



I F 4 -3- BOT-SJ-JAir 

I G 

ovornost . ICarch 13, 1333. 

justice, n. A. Jisher,. 'lad, last year, 1,800 casec on f.e calendar for trial, 

1,200 of which were pure Bohemian eases. It is then superfluous to mention the :§" 

"benefits offered to t':e Bohemian citizens by a Bohemian judge. 5 

There is ariong the Chicat-p Bohemians, like among other nationalities a large j~ 

number of citizens iiho do not know t:ie Snglish language, ijfco do not speak English -n 

sufficiently well tc be ableto explain all f e circumstances in t"-e case clearly o 

and correctly, and it is not to be denied :::at it is a great facility for them, ^ 

when the jud^e, who must apply the law justly, will^understa-^d their Bohemian. § 
language and will not depend exclusively on translated confessions, often times 
not too clear. 

The Bohejiians of Chicago were full of hope, that the asserably of competent 
•Judges v.-nuld propose agaii a Bohemia:; justice of t:;e peace, but it happened 
differently, The Bohemians were not inert in their expectation, but shovred a 
vivid activity in the nomination of the future justice of peace. 



en 



I F 4 -4- . B0IIB3.-IIAII 

I C 

Svornost , Larch 13, 1383, 

All Bohenian political clubs, ten auxiliary Bohemian societies, Roman Catholic 

subsidiary societies, the society, "Eeseda Geska," all Bohemian notaries and ^ 

lawyers, and all influential Bohemian businessmen and public magistrates, and ^ 

about one hundred former police jMges and justices of tlie peace, have joined r= 

in recommending the prese..t justice of t'e peace, 2. A. ?isher,, to be retained ^-^ 

on his temporary bench and to be nominated for the whole term. He has proved 5 

himself an able and just jud.-e and his nominatiqn would only show justifiable !~ 

acknowledgjnent to the Chicago Bohemians. ^ 

In spite of this iC. A. Fisher was not reappointed to the bench, but somebody 
by the name of Francis 2. Ru£sel replaced him as the future justice of the peace, 
',7e are ver:'- sorry, but we hope that ^ov, Hamilton will show justice to the 
Bohemians of Ghica'^ as his predecessor, W. Gullom, did and that he will look 
into the matter so that the vacant position of Bohemian justice of the peace 
is again presented to a Bohemian citizen 2. A. ITisher, vdio is already well 
acquainted with the whole procedure. 



I F 4 -5- BOira-JAN 

I G 

Svorno st , I'-arch 13, 18S3. 

Gov, Hamilton certainly.' will wait with the nomination of a justice of the peace, 
as lor-3 as the Bohemians in Chica-o are not suited with such candidate as the 
real necessity/ requires. In this we trust. The r-ohemians will be thankful to 
him fran the hotton off their hearts. 

The offices of our newspaper are frequently visited by our countrymen -/ath the 
demand that we do S'Xietliin • to the advr^ntaT© of 3, A. Fisher, lut Tfriat can we 
do? :ie can do nothing more than excite public opinion and expect a just solu- fij 
tion from Gov, Hamilton, hopinr that our request will not be refused. In addi- 
tion to this, tie local Bohemians are makin'^ arduous preparations to call a 
great meeting for the comins Sunday to pass a suitable resolution in favor of 
their rights to obtain vfcat they justifiably should have, Jud_^inG frcm the 
extended preparations we can say as well, today, that this special neetin,'^ will 
be not only a ?^rand one, but an extremely important one. 



'"3 



\m. 



I F 4 , 

J L^ 30Ea.IIAN" 

T ^ Svornost, Apr. 12, 1382. 

POLITICS AID.CEIGAGO B0H5LXAJTS. 

Some time ago - Pokrolr: Zapadv (.Testern ProGress) reproached Chica^ Bohemians, 
asserting that they take no part in political movements and, thereby, have 
absolutely no political influence or representation in office. 

The reproach of t^e above named paper, so far as it concerns the indifference 
of Ghicaro Eohenians is in lar^e part true. 

".7hat truth, or, better said untruth, was included in the second part of the 
accusation, \7e have proved before, and therefore need not prove again, 

Chica^^ Bohemians of late have acquired quite satisfactory representation, 
thou.'^ the successes were all accidental arid brou Jit about by miscellaneous 
circumstances. 

In comparison T7ith previous years, Chi carp Eohenians can boast of fitting 
representation in public administrative bodies and offices; however, it is 
not meant thereby that this representation is such as it could be - or 
shouldbe. 



{ -, W.P.A. 



-2- BOIiajAlJ '^c 

Svornost , Apr. 12, 1882. 

It Is an undeniable fact that we could carry a renarkaljly decisive word in 
local political circles, a vjord that would bring us remarkable successes, 
if we would only hanf^ up oiir blasted carelessness and indifference, and awak- 
en to a full realization of our own strength. 

For many years Chica.p Bohemians carried on the battle to elect a city council- 
man froLi their midst, notwithstanding;, various previous efforts met with fail- 
ure, .7hy? Because there was no strong orf-anization among us, because we went 
into battle with a powerful foe equipped with money and other advantages, with 
only insignificant financial means and without the necessary preparation. 

Ordinarily we drimned up two or three meetings dxiring a period of 14 days; 
about three weeks before election aftc-r lengthy pulling bac'.- and forth a can-v 
didate was nominated, several distributors of election tickets were appointed 
and that was about all that was done - that was our entire preparation. 









BOHStiJ.Ml 



3vornost , Apr. 12, 1882. 

.nioever wanted to voted; wlioevei^'xlidn't care t., vote stayed at home. 

There were man}', i^o for various rearor.s, mostlj?- personal, did not want to 
vote for a Bohemian nominee and tl-ie result of all this was t>iat our candidate 
wa;: always defeated. 

It is plainl:' evident fron this that we are not politically mature and awak- 
ened. Still more, however, by the circumstance that even at the ti-r.e \jlien 
our Bohemian candidate, I-r. Lartin Baumruher, was actually elected, we per- 
mitted ourselves to oe rohbed of our victory instead of defending our rights 
to the futhest limits by lav;ful means, as it was done that sarr.e year, in 
lilce circumstances by the citizens of the 14th ward, helpin;^ their defrauded 
candidate Stauber to his place in the council, to v/hich he was entitled, 

Chica.^o has about 30,000 inhabitants of Bohemian nationality. Such numerical 
stren.:;=;th could accomplish sor-ethinfi, if it v/ere well orgainized, well managed 
and directed. How we are in a post-election period and the next very important 
city election, at wjiich there will be elected t;ie i"ayor and oth:er ^li-^h city 
officials; we have remaining a full year. 



B0II3I.1TAI1 



■-'nn ° 



3vornost , Apr. 12, 1682. 

These elections should not fiud us unprepared, indifferent and careless, as 
has thus far haT)"3ened, 



The work of organization of the various Chica^. voters should already be in 
projr-ess, such an or^^anization, as would necessarily do honor, and p;ain as 
nany concessions as possible for us fron both political parties. It is not 
an ir.ipossible task. A little rpod vzill on all sides, and continuance of activ- 
ity toward the purpose throu :hout the year, would overcome all obstacles, 
and before a year had passed Ciica p lohenians could appear before other 
nationalities ar.d danand tl.at which, by all ri'-;ht, belongs to than, 

•Te want to .vork for a thorowh orp;anization of Boha.iian voters, and we hope 
that, in this work, we shall receive t'r.e earnest support of all those favor- 
ably minded. This will suffice for today. 



X .1? 4 
IV 



BOHEMIA!,! 



Svornost . Feb. S, 1S82 
CHICAGO S0Eai,aA2IS, THEIR aSPRTSST.TATIVKS IlC PTJSIIC OI?ICES 

For many years Chicago Bohemians were unable to attain even the most minor 
public office, pnd only in recent years, nanely d^orin^ ^-ayo^ Harrison's tern, 
has there been any change in regards to this mrtter so p^ to encourage us to 
have expectations for the fntiure, 

Chicago Bohemians, today, have their ovm representatives in practically all 
public offices, ^^hey have their own offici?_ls, both honorary aJid paid, and 
there is not another city in the United States v.'here they can boast of so 
many Bohemisin officials as we hsive in Chicajo. 

Let us talce for example the Honorary positions, and there are raan^y of them, 
whose holders render their services v.'itho'it pay. On the School Board, one 
of the most import.^nt admisistrative bodies, we he^e the able countryman of 
ours. Lawyer Adolf Kraus, who will, no doubt, very soon have tiie opportunity 
to prove" himself an able defender of Boheinian interests. 




_ o _ 



POKKMAU 



Svornost . Fe'b. ?, 1E^2 

The Ghicai::o Public Library is f-n institution, in which every n^.tionality can 
consider it an honor to have it's ovm representative. The interests of Chi- 
cago Bohemians are looked after in v deserving manner oy Ur. L.'7. Kadlec. 

Kot lon^';, to he sure, but at any rate, v/e have our own Bohenian Justice of 
the Peace, on the ITorth Side, I'r. S.A. Fischer, who wps given this position 
to Satisfy the requests of Bohemisns. 

How let ris see wVat conditions exist among o\ir paid officials, "'e have, in 
the service of the Pijblic Library, three appointees, and tliere ma;;'' be more 
soon; they are Leo Meilbek, F. G. ITovy, rnd W.A. Purer. In the City V/eter 
Department yre have two officials, they are V. Kasparek and Adolf Chladka. 
In oiir public schools, we hsve fo^or women tep.chers, the i.'isses Purer, Fisch- 
man, and t>ie two Stieger sisters. 

In the Unites States Custom House we have, rr a clerk, Josef A. Kovak. In 
the Police Department we find three countrymen; they are Fr. P. Barcal, Ant. 
Xalcuska, ond J. Vanata. 



- ^ - • - 30e>:;,:ia:t 



Svornost . Feb. S, 18S2 

In the Fire Depprtment vre hr^ve l-'r. J. Kswen. Sven in the Post Office --e have 
Fr. Kohout, v/ho is a -nail-sorter and Josef Vaska end. Anton Lajicek, who are 
Carriers, 






V C-- 



Chicsgo Bohemians are deserving of "better representation in piiblic offices, 
"bnt since it was neglected for so man/ years, it "'ill take sone ti"ie to ac- 
complish. 

The political activity among us is not so enei'^etic as it could "be, "but even 
that is somewhat improved for, whereas, there formerly were only sOO'it- three 
hundred of our co^antr^^nen taking an active pr^rt in politics, t'-ere now a.re 
th?t many thousands. 

That which is not, m.ay ret "be. '-'hicpgo Bohemirns will not cease striving for 
political recognition, and if activity in thi?; respect is continued everywhere, 
as it is in Chicago, Bohemian Americans will not he forced to complain that 
they are "being neglected and pushed aside. 



M 




I F 4 ,1^ 

IE. ■ / 

I C ■ • * 'V^Q' V 

17 ■ BOHE?>!I 

Svornost. Novemljer 2, ISSO. 

THE JUDGMENT OF GSR1,L41T NEWSPAPERS 

Yesterday's Ar"belter Zeltung . among other things, says that in the JtrA. 
Congressional District there is to he a contest for the office of B^uresentative 
Leo Meilhek, vrfio performed the duties of this office in the last session of the 
Legislature with ability and honesty. His influence on this law-making "body 
was so "beneficial, that there is no doubt but that the citizens of this district 
will give him a much larger vote as befits a man of the people. 

Standing removed from -oolitical oartisajishiD, removed from the endeavors of 
the greedy or ambitious, Leo Meilbek has always been a representative standing 
up for tne rights of an oppressed TDeo-ole, who also, have so few true ret>re8ent- 
• atives in th<kir legislature. Anyone who casts his vote for Mr. Meilbek can 
rest assured that he has not thrown his ballot away, for he will have voted for 
a true atandard-bearer of freedom o"^ the T>eot)le and of progress, for a proven 
leader of the small but determined minority of tne State Legislature. Meilbek 
has the daring and the ability to i^lace hims?!'*', with success, in opposition 
to the represf:intative of the ca-oitalistic eliss. 



I F 4 

I C 



BOHEMIM 



Svornost. Septein"b(=>r 30, l^SO. 

OUR INACTIVITY . ' 

We read in all the newsns'^ers accTunts of meetings of the members of the various 
nationalities, Irish, German, French, Scandinavian, Polish and so on— "but to 
look for an account of some activity of the Bohemians is useless. The -oolitical 
movement among" Chicago Bohemians ras never very active, hut such careless, 
suicidal, disinterest as t>revalls this year we have never yet witnessed. Even 
though it is high time, we have not had a- single Bohemian "Oolitical meeting 
thus far, whether Socialists, Democratic or Rexjuhlican. Then we ext^ect other' 
nationalities to take notice of us, resT>ect us and themselves force us into 
some office. 

No one takes notice of a vegetative corose such as we are in regards to •oolitics. 






OJL Svornost . Chicago, Oct. 4, 1878. ^f '^^ BMMIM 

I^ /FoHEfilAN MEETING IN SIXTH JAi-©/ 

Last night a meeting was held "by Bohemian Citizens of the 6th Ward at Krejcih's 
Hall on ISth Street, citizen Prank Chlupsfe acting as chairman and Frank Dvorak as 
secretary. 

At the reqaest of those present, Mr, Leo Mell"bek st)oke at length of ways and 
means of improving conditions of working-men. After short addresses "by Mr, Pavel 
and Mr, ChluDsa the meeting was adjourned. 




I. ATTITUDES 
F. Politics 
5, Political Leadership 



J 



I F 5 - 2 - BOimaAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 10, 1928. 

« 

to be wasted, but to be used in places where it is needed most. 

Once more assuring you that whatever you have dons for me shall never be for- 5 

gotten, I remain -p 

r— 

Yours resoectfully, -tj 

30 
O 

Anton J. Cermak, President, Board io 
of County Commissioners. S 



Chicago, Decenber 10, 1922. 



tn 






ITS 3o:irUi!: 

I 7 5 

r/ Danni -Ilasatal , Get. 7, 1S22. 

Tiii: bo::::i;j: 3I3t ji^iocj ^dc::bj3 jCTCQi: j. Cji^i'jc 

Cur Gi'sat ladiss' crr^anlzations, racocnizinc tha importanca Ox toda;/-'s 
ra^istration of votars and tha ITcvoabor election, asi: thoir njiibars not "^ 

to fail to recistar toda^, Tha:.- fullv andorsa the candidac:'- of .J.dar::ian C 

AntoPx J, Cerniak. As .a liava praviousl:'- anncuncad the andorsa laiit was nada ^ 

by tha Jadnota Casl-iych Dan (Boha.T.icm Ladias* Union), Toda:'- --.'a v;ara in- o 

for-iad that tlio 3astars>:a Podporujici Jadnota (Soliariian oistarhood) lika- c^ 

v.'ise onuorsod tha candidac;'' of "r, Cariah, A resol-ition of the Sisterhood ^ 

nar.tions tha fact that tha prosidant of th^ County Board of 3on;,iis3ionars 
is in charfja of tha Cool: County r.'ospital, thi Cak I'orast Infir.Mary and Cld 
Paopla's Aone, tha Gour.ty .lr:-"t*s offica frou v.'hich indi::3nt f'uiilias are 
carad for, and tha nothars* p.^mion. jhould :.:r, ^arnak 02 alactod to this 
iiirjloly inportmt offica, it •v^uld 2 3rtainly ba profitabla tc all, For this 
reason all .uanbars of the Bastarska Jadnota ar j advisad to hava th dir votas 
rar^istarad today in ordar to vota o- Tovan'-^ar 7. 



V 




I F 5 BOHMIAN 

lY The Czechos lovak Review, September 1921 - Paf:e 273 

CERf;lAK WELCOMED TO CHICAGO 

On Thursday evening, August 25th, 1921, at Pilsen Park, Chicago, there gathered" 
about six hundred friends of Anton J, Cerraak to welcome him from a visit to 
Europe, and particularly Czechoslovakia. The large hall was filled to overflowing 
in spite of the fact that the night was hot. 

Mr. Robert M. Sweitzer, the County Clerk of Cook County, acted as toastmaster. 
He extended a welcome to Mr, Cermak on his homecoming. He was followed by 
numerous representatives of the City Council and business men of the district. 



On behalf of the assembled friends a clasp watch chain was presented to the guest 
of honor. In thanking the audience, Mr. Cermak, emphasized his extreme pleasure 
with his trip and studies. It left a great impression upon him. 

The success of this notable affair was due to Mrs. Sedlacek and Mr. Sonnenschein, 
who arranged the entire program including moving pictures of the entire evening. 



I F 5 B0H3MIAN 

I F 1 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 12, 1920. 

IV 

POLITICAL MATT3RS 

(Editorial) 

The Twelfth '7ard may be proud that it has such a representative in the City 
Council and in the Democratic County Committee as is j\nton J. Cerraak. It 
is to the honor of the entire Czechoslovak population in our city that it 
is represented by a man whose word means something, who has influence and 
exx>erience, and who is a dominant factor in those bodies of wfeich he is a 
member • 

Therefore, there is no doubt that Democratic citizens of the Twelfth '.Vard will 
go to the ballot boxes and cast their votes for Ilr. Cermak, who seeks re- 
election as 'Vard Comioitteeman. The Czechoslovak citizens of the Ttvelfth 
'.Vard may then rest assured that their v/ishes will be properly respected by 
leaders of the Democratic party, and that further representation in public 




I g 5 • - 2 - BOHIJSvgM 

I F 1 

I F 4 Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 12, 1920. 

IV 

office, to which we are entitled, will be given to us. "Merit deserves 
recognition" — that is a saying which at this time shoiild hold special signifi- 
cance and interest for our community. 




I F 5 BOIia.!lAN 

I D 1 a 

I F 6 Denni Hlasatel . i^lar. 27, 1920. 



IV 



A^CTIVITias CF C7.H]CH ALDKR:ai^ 
Proper Taxation of Large Corporations and of Rich People 
in General is Reconimended by Alderman Anton J. Germak 
In order to 3rin-3 Our City Out of Financial Distress. 



The Judicial Conmittee of the City Council held its neetin.g yesterday, and 
Chairmsoi Anton J. Cerinak grasped the opportunity to express his opinions on 
where and hov; our city could open a source of income in order to get out of 
its bad financial situation. He said, "Our present method of taxation is , 
faulty, „'hen the Board of Assessors adjusts the taxes of a utility cor- 
poration on the basis of an assessed valuaticn v;hich is less than one- 
half of the assessed valuation made by another public taxing body for the 
purpose of determining the tax rate, then it is about time to stop. aIso, 
many owners of downtovm real estate and rich residents are permitted to avoid 
paying their just share of taxes. This is beinv; practiced by the Board of 
Assessors eind by the Board of Review. I do not assert that any of them is 




I F 5 - 2 - SOIIS?.!Ia!:j 

I D 1 a 

I ? 6 Dennl Hlasatel , r^iar. 27, 19 -.0. 

IV 

knowingly helping the rich people to avoid payin'v their just share, but 
soinewhere in the s^'-ste-i there is a leak wiiich must be stopped." The alder:.ian 
further a-ided that in a few days he would submit to the Judicial Committee 
a new plan, which v/ill be properly elaborated upon before the county assessing 
bodies begin to work in the spriUf^. 



Great aversion is beinf; manifested by the alderri'en over the manner in which 
the Finance Coranittee is raising the wages of city employees. Alderman John 
Toman, vho in a past meeting]; introduced a motion to appropriate the sum of 
four million dollars, to be used to raise wiges, announced the following: /_\ 
"iwy intention, and I suppose the intention of every alderman who voted for 
this motion, wis to raise the wa-^e ■ sufficiently of the lowest paid -tieople 
and to use the balance only to raise the wa -es of the higher paid men. 
Instead of this, it noiv appears that the Finance Committee is taking: care 
of the big men first, and only vAiat is left will be divided amonf, the little 
ones.". . . . 




I F 5 BOiaLILIT 

I F 4 

IV Denni Hlasatel , luar. 24, 1920. 

ACTIVITISS OF xiTJTON J. C^IH.l^: 
BOIOLII/aN iiLDSRIlAN 

A meeting v/ill be held by city teamsters tonight, at v/hich they vjill first 
take \inder consideration the earnest request of Alderman Anton J. Cermak 
made to their business agent, Alexander LIcGregor. alderman Cermak spoke 
as follows: 

"Svery day that you stay on strike, rubbish v/ill be accumulating in our 
alleys so fast that it will be difficult to catch up v;ith its disposal. 
Spring is here and if v;arra v;eather comes the rubbish will decay, which 
might be a cause of much sickness. You v;ill gain favor v/ith the City 
Council if you return to v;ork and wait until the time when we v;ill be able 
to dispose of this matter," ui Chicago it is necessary to carry away 1,230 
loads of rubbish and 103 loads of kitchen waste. 




I F 5 30H3LIIAN 

I F 4 

IV Dennl Hlasatel. Mar. 23, 1920. x^ X 

ACTIVITIES OF BOHSMIiiN ALDERMSN \ -. "•'^■■'- •?/ 



Yesterday, for more than nine hours our city allermen debated this year's 
budget, T.iey also tried their best to avert the strike of municipal 
employes who seek better wages 

Alderman Anton J. Cerraak then noticed that out of this sum of )4>000,000 
no appropriation was made for the fund v;hich provides the money to keep our 
streets clean, and he demanded that as long as the finance committee will 
have to borrov; the money it might just as well borrow ;^1,000,000 more, that 
is, §5,000,000, in order to keep our city clean 



Then Alderman John Toman made a motion to increase the budget by ,p2,000,000 
in order that better v;ages could be paid to municipal employes. Alderman 
Cermak then turned around and facing the public in the galleries said: 



IPS - 2 - bok3::l\n 

I F 4 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Mar. 23, 1920. ,<"<" ^>v^ 

**I sympathize v;ith you, but you v;ill only harm your ■^ause if you remain ^'-J 

here. Under this pressure the aldermen may act hastily and pass unwise '^i^^^-^' 
laws."..,. 






IV 



Denni I:l^.catel . Ll^r. 4, 19S0, 

PROHiBma: lzm:^ b;i::ieI' .s li.:^ 

T., J. Do.virj, •.Viio is one of the leaders of the Illinois Jiti-Jv'iloon Le''i,2n.te, 
v;a3 brui.deci l; liar by .ildjrnun Jiton J, Ceraiak in the neeting; of the City 



ft ."> 



D-Lvis lied about 



Comicil, held yesterday. Aldennan Ccmiak declared: 
me and others. .\.t the last election he sent letters to the voters of the 
26th '.j'ard, v;amin,3 theiu a^^ainst r.^dicds ;/-io, it is jaid, ore tr:.-ir.s to 
overthrovj our jovemr.ient . I'To Davis should aT)p9ar here and tell us v;ho 
these radicals are, other'.aiije le .ve this hall as a convicted li r," 

-JLdemiui Cenaak spohe these i;ort"is ..s the introduction to his resolution 
asking the appearance of I.r. Davis before the City Council, and there to 
prove that the statoiaents in his letters are time. 



—, I' 



\io 



PI 



I F 5 B0Il3L:L4N 

I F 4 

17 Deimi Hlasatel. Feb. 8, 19..0. 



xi. 



CZHICH FUR PRiloIDilvT OF SCHOOL BO-^J^) 



Lir. Frank J. Petru, a well-lmovm, fe rless defender of Bohenian people's 
rights on the School Board of Cicero, decided, in consequence of pressure 
put on him by many of his friends eind the Bohemian societiec, to campaign 
for the office of the president of this important body, the School Board, 
again this year. He v:as a candidate for the same office last year, and 
for that reason the School Bo..rd expelled him fi'om their midst, but later, 
by a court or>"ier, they were forced to reappoint him again, Llr. i'^ank J, 
Petru 's term, as a member of this School Board, will expire in the month 
of April this year, and thus follo.lng the wishes of many of our coimtry- 
men, he will seek the office of the president of the ichool Board of 
Cicero, 




I F 5 BOHEIvCTAII 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. £8, 1920, 

. CHICAGO CZECH APPOINTED TO A RESPONSIBLE 
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT OFFICE 

Mr. Morris Sabath, who is a brother of Congressman Adolph J. Sabath, was 
appointed as a revenue assessor for the district of Chicago, and his 
nomination was approved by the United States Senate, according to the 
report received here yesterday from Washington D. C, 

Ifr, Morris Sabath will take possession of this office, which is at present 
vacant because of the appointment of the foimer revenue assessor to the 
office of collector of revenue, as soon as he, himself, is officially 
notified. 




I j- 5 BCKIM^: 

lY 

Denni r3.asato l, July G, 1913. 

j-iij.iO0 roLiTias 

The Cool: countjr executive cojr.iiutec of olie jenocratic party is in a quaiidaiy 
about tlie noninatior^s for office. :.r. .ronton J, Oeriaal: lias doclared that he 
would not aspire to a noj.iination for the office of sheriff if ..ir. John A. S 

Gervenka is not nominated for re-election as clerh of the Probate court, *• 

or if he is selected for soi.ie other office, or for none at all. "p 

r— 

-a 
:n 
o 



I F 5 BOHK^TIAN 

Dennl Hlasatei . Dec. 29, 1917, 

MR. GERMAK EXONERATED 

Yesterday the Judicial committee which investigated the charges preferred 
by William N. Gemmill, Judge of the Municipal Court, against chief bailiff 

Anton J. Cermak submitted its final report to the plenary meeting of the % 

associate Judges, The findings of the committee completely Justified ^ 

Mr* Cermak' s conduct of his office, and termed Judge Gemmill *s accusations ^ 

groundless vilifications. The Judges unanimously adopted the report, ^ 

Judge Gemmill was absent, Harry Olson, Chief Justice of the Municipal Court, ^ 
who presided over this meeting, called for another plenary meeting in which ^ 
Judge Gemmill is expected to appear so that the votes of all the Judges may ^ 
be recorded, ^ 

Judge Goodnow, who read the report, stated that 138 witnesses had been heard 
and 100 items of evidence submitted to the Judicieil investigating committee. 
In no instance could the charges made by Judge Gemmill be substantiated. The 
sensational accusations were found not to contain a trace of truth. 



I g 5 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 29, 1917. 

TOMAN CANNOT SEE THE PRSSIDEI-fr 

While visiting in i/ashington, D, C, John Toman, alderman of the Thirty-fourth 

Ward of Chicago and member of several aldermanic committees, wished to pay ^ 

homage to President Wilson, of whom he was one of the most enthusiastic 2 

admirers. iVhen he entered the door he was baited by a watchman. His identi- -^ 

fication card was not sufficient, r- 

"I understand that you are an alderman of Chicago, but you cannot get in with- o 

out a pass." "'.That kind of a pass must I get?" Mr. Toman asked. "It must ^ 

be issued by the War Department and the naval authorities; your photograph ^ 

bearing your signature must be attached," was the answer. tn 

Hearing this, the Alderman first expressed himself in his accustomed style, 
using phrases of his own coinage; then he walked toward the railing of the 
corridor and stopped, as another guard approached him and posted himself behind 
the Alderman *s back. 



I F 5 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 29, 1917. 

"ListenI For heaven's sake, why are those guys cleaning that auto with a 

duster?" the Alderman exclaimed. "They are just monkeying around and gazing 

at rael" ^ 

"Those are detectives who are watching you," the guard explained. ^ 

I — 
^— ^ 

That was enough for the city father. He turned and moved away from the V/hite p? 

House. E: 

CO 
CD 

ro 
i-n 



I F 5 BOHia^^L^T 

Denni iqasatel . July 1, 1917. 

CZlilCH nCDlTCTilD BTTO 0FFIC3 

Our fellovz-couiitiynaii, Joseph Sinan, was inducted into office as warden 
of the Bridewell. This office is the hij^hest to which any countryman of 
ours was ever appointed by the city administration. 




I F 5 

II A 1 
II D 1 
IT 



BCHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel , June 16, 1917. 

•Uffi FIRST CZECH ASSISTANT STATE'S AITOENEy 

(Suiisnary) 

Czech influence in the realm of politics has been felt for a great number*' 
of years. Many Czech-iUnericans have held in^ortant offices in the government 
of this city, county, and state. Mr. Joseph C. Pisa, well-known lawyer, be- 
came the first Czech assistant state's attorney of Cook County. He held the 
position for four years and is active as an attomey-at-law again. 

ISr, Pisa was bom in Chicago forty years ago. He comes from one of the oldest 
Chicago families. His father, Matthew, operated a saloon many years ago 
on De Koven Street between Jefferson and Desplaines Streets. At that time 
this neighboziiood was densely populated by Czechs, many of whom used to 
gather in the tavern. Mr. Fisa*s grandfather, Blaze j, came to Chicago before 
the Civil War, and together with the Chicago Czech banker, W. Kaspar, founded 
the first Czech aid society. This society became a great boon to the 





I F 5 - 2 - BOHELZAI^ 

II A 1 

II D 1 Denni Hlasatel . June 16, 1917. 

IV 

early Czechs in Chicago, for many of them were rescued from impending 
financial disaster by timely support, Kr, Joseph C. Pisa's uncle, a police- 
man knovm to almost every Chicago Czech, v/as one of the leaders in the first 
gymnastic tournament of the American Sokol societies held in IJew York City 
in 1879, Ur, Matthew Pisa and his vfife, Ann, were good Czech patriots who 
believed in sending Czech children to Czech schools; so they made their 
children attend the Czech St. Venceslas school on De Koven Street, where IJir, 
Jan Geringer, now a banker, was a teacher. After two years lir, Pisa had 
learned Czech grammar and changed to a public school, and then he went to 
West Division High School on Ogden Avenue and Harrison Street, He was counted 
among the most gifted and zealous pupils and was graduated with excellent marks. 
At Northwestern University I.ir, Pisa completed his legal training. He was gradu- 
ated in 1896, although not quite twenty-one years of age. 

After several years of practice at the bar, he went into partnership with 
Jos. Z, Uhlir, now associate judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago, This 
connection lasted from 1904 to 1908, when I£r, Uhlir vras elected judge, Mr, 
Pisa married lilss Emily Mares who is known as a gifted painter. 



I F 5 - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II A 1 

II D 1 Denni Hlaaatel , June 16, 1917. 

17 

Ifip. Pisa is a member of numerous Czech societies and is a Knight of Pythias, 
He is an expert in the real-estate business and special attorney for many of 
our aid societies. He lives at 3401 West 26th Street, His office is located 
in Room 1900, City Hall Square Building, 139 North Clark Street, Chicago, 




I F 5 B0H2I.1IAI-T 

III K 

I G Denni Klasatel , Lay 19, 1917, 

rv _ 

/PRoi.iii:j2?r C23CH VISITS GHic;.ao7 

".ie were pleased to v/elcoine I.ir. Charles J. Vopicka, United States rainister 
to Rumania and other Ballran States, v;ho paid a visit to our office yes- 
terday. He had left the battle--carred scene of his activity sooner 
than was expected to take a v/ell-(Jeserved rest. It is, however, doubt- 
ful whether he will be able to properly enjoy the anticipated rest for 
there is a flood of invitations sv;amping him, 

iir. Vopicka is much in demand as a speaker. Scores of prominent ronerican 
clubs and societies are eager to hei-ir him discuss the iluropean situation. 




I F 5 
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I 



BOHSr>IIAN 



F 4 (German) 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 29, 1917. 
(Editorial) 



Mayor ./illiam H. Thompson has obstinately refused to extend an 
invitation to General Joffre to visit Chicago, ..'e would like to 
know how "Big Bill" would have acted if he had been occupying 
the Mayor's seat during the time when Prince Henry of Prussia 
vias visiting America, and came to Chicago where he had an 
excellent reception, because the population at that time did not 
know any better. 




I F 5 

I G 

IV 

I F 4 (Goman) 



BO!EI.:LiIT 



Denxii Illasatel , Apr. 28, 1917. 

THE :Li.YOR BUCKd 
Declares Chicago Sixth German City 
Refuses Reception to General Joffre 

(SiTiiriary) 

This afternoon, a special meeting of members of the City Council and nuir.erous 
prominent citizens will be held to arrange for the reception of General Joffre; 
the English statesman, Arthur J. Balfour; and the rest of the delegation, with 
whom the I'ayor said he hud no concern. The chairman of the reception com- 
mittee is Cyrus H. I'cCormick, and one of the members is Charles J. Vopicka. 

Yesterday, I.Iayor Thompson a^ain showed that he desires to ingratiate him- 
self in the hearts of the Chicago Germans, in declaring that he could not 




I F 5 

I F 4 (German) 

I C 

IV. 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 28, 1917, 



BCIIS!,:IA1'I 



understand v/hy the French general and the delegations would cone to 
Chicago, and that our city is one of the biggest German tovms in the 
world. 




I F 5 
I C 
I 



B0H3,!IAN 



F 4 (German) 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 27, 1917, 
JOFITRS H-: CHICAGO 
(Editorial) 



Our "fine Mayor" has again sho;vn himself in the true light. In 
order not to spoil his career, meaning, not to incur the displeasure 
of the Germans of Chicago, he refused to extend an invitation to the 
French General, Joffre, who defeated the Gerraans on the battlefields 
on the Marne. He also refused to invite a French and British 
delegation, though their desire to visit the City had been expressed. 

Joffre, howevor, will come to Chicago, no matter whether Mr. Thompson 
does or does not want to be present at the reception. The aldernen 
of the 34th V/ard, Mr. Toman and Mr. Kostner, Czech-Americans, have 




I F 5 
I 

I 



F 4 (German) 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 27, 1917, 



signed a call for a special meeting of the City Council tomorrovr. 
The city clerk, James T. Igoe, is to notify the members of the 
City Council. Every effort will be made to get the necessary 
number of signatures for the meeting. There is no doubt but that 
General Joffre, as well as the French and the English delegations, 
will receive a most hearty welcome, enough to put Mayor Thompson 
to shame* 




I F 5 Eci:;i-i;>i: 

II .. .':. 

I J 1 Domii ::iasatQl . .. r. 2, 1917. 

I ? 4 

1 \^ V 1 VX LUii C L J.O JL.-L. jJX- vj- .»-.-^..-< _ _ijXk ..— >^». 1-. .Al.ii ,;ij.. 

"^/ 
J. « 

The nane of tho Ilostner i'a:,-.ily is sureli"- ]zi,o\m to every one oi' our f ellov;- 
countryi.ien of Jhica;-o, -lie alder I.;r. r.osoner ■,;;io died sometime ago 
belonged in the class of tiie oldest settlers of this city, havinj: cone 
to this city 'u-hen a coy, and Lecar^e -./ell-lrno.vri ■j.s a successful and eiiter- 
prisinj- ..ian of lusiness, and as one of the riost ardent -/orhers for cur 
national cause. I'.is v;ife, --:s. Josephine ..ostner also belongs to the 
foremost circles of our society, and throurh her amiable character has 
v;on j~reat popularity. 

Joseph (. . hostner, their son, \ras boi-n in dhicaro thirty-five j^'sars a^o. 
lie received an excellent education berinninr v/ith the public schools, 
finishing- at horthv;estern University, and tlie Illinois collere of lav;. 
"e had at first intended to devote hi; .self to the career of a lev/j'-er, 
but he later decided, ho'.revor, to enter his fafcher*s business, and became 




- 2 - rc:ri3Ai: 



II A 2 

I :" 1 Deniti 'riasatel . .ir-r. 2, 1917. 

I F 4 

I C partner in the Scully, Lostner Joal CJcnpar.;'-, cf v/hich his father 
IV had been a viionber, '.'...: then becarne engared in the real estate 
and insurance Lusiness v/ith steadily .•■ro..'inr: success. 

i r. l.ostner became active in public life .:t an early reriod, ;oininf: 
societies and orranizabions, in each of .;hich his personality v.'on a 
pror.inent place for hir.. It v;as only natural that his friends began to 
ur/^e hii.i to enter poli::ical life, hs a candidate for alderran of the 
Thirty-fourth ./ard, he loz':, by a s. all n\i:,^ber of votes, but the e:: eriences 
gained lifted hiin upon a pedestal jii.-h in uhe counsel oi .the Democratic 
party orranization. Proof of this is his apv;ointi..ent by "'ayor Harrison 
to the office as assistant to the corrn-dssioner of Public .7or}:s. Durinf- 
the four years of his tenure f office, the Osechs have --ained in repre- 
sentation in loj-itical life as never before. There is no doubt that 
ICostner had contributed a lion's siiare to this i}:fluence in political life, 
and also thab he luid helped r^reat r.iv..;bers of cur f ;llo'./-ccuntriTion to .- Itain 




I r 



II A ; 


I r 


1 


I r 


A 
'X 


J- \J 




T\f 





D3nni "lac-^tel , ..yv, 2, 1"17. 
or".: ir. tha clc-'j, ^o ohufc ids cfiico bocar.e a favorite .''at'iei-in" 



.V.y J. 



'^ > 




;.1.aCo for OeocV.g, rind their larr-ua^^e doniiiatc ' alinc:jt crrtinuallv. 

In the cffic'-i ; f ;^h3 ccy.c.-.iGsioner cf ]-ul:lic .orks, ho had anple 
opi'Ortunity to see that consideration ./as riven to Drech contractors; he 
never for^^-iot hi^; Ju':.i 3s t(.r.;ard :.iz rollo-..--cou:itr:,riVien. 

After tha change cf aa d:ii: tr\tir^n, "/.'cjtr.er left the affaire of hia office 
in the best of or-ler. ^:,\.Z3 .auditor Ja.'ios J. rady -r^.-ointed hin state 
banlc e:ca.:ii:ier, for --hich office I:e vras excellentl:'' ualified ly his 
Vnov/led -e and e.c.'Qrience, I "vir, --r, hcstner v/ao ai^i^oir.ted secretary 
of the deei; <'ater.7ays co::.iscion. J.i.s office he in holdinr; to this day, 
I evertheless ho acceeded 30 t":e derinnds of 'is i'ollo'./-countr:,Taen to con- 
pete for the office of alder.Tin cf the rhirty-fourth ./ard, liich needed 
1 70 efficient aldermen, v;ho .rould take care of the interests of tiic in- 
habitants a;:ai]"!st the arbitrary ..ethods cf th-' present adninistration. 
Both hr. hostner and Alderran John frr.ian are can'^idates for t'lo offices 



1 X- V - -- - C. -:.. -1.1. 

J- J. ^w ^^ 

I ? 1 DJ!u:i - IliJ'JwOI , ,.■■::'. r, l"^!?. 

I i' 4 

13 of alierrnan en :a3 Donocratic ticlcet, J.ierr, is no doul-t tiie" 

r/ "./ill ev'ierce .ini.ers ii" ...ho Zroo'.i voters do tiieir duoy. TV.e 

volitiical standi]!;" of I.r. llostnor mvj ;3 judred fron the fact 
that he h.':'^ been De::ocratic corr.iitteei:an for the liiirty-fo.^rth ..'ard since 
the j"ear 1911, and a i.erfDer of the Jeriaocratic executive Goinirdttee of Cock 
County for the sur.e lenrth of ti:.ie. he is treasurer of the Slavia, nonber 
of th3 Oeska ? eseda, Sokol Tabcr SlovenaKe Li' ", Illinois Athletic Club, 
Gl'-icafro Athletic Hosociation, Iroauois Club. C. S. B» S, (Csechcslovak 
Benevolent ;3ociety) , Knirhts of lythias, Cad Fellov/s, I'oyai Learue, ?.oyal 
Accanu::., E, T. C. lillks, and I'ational Unior. He is a thirty-second defree 
free rason, IQii'~:ht feni.'lar, and Shriner. He has ". een a rieriber of :he 
Ch.icaso Teal 'jj^bate boai-d fcr r.an:' years. 

". r. hostner is sin le, iin,'. lives rith r^is -.•idov/ed r.othei:' and five sisters 
at 1404 Independence Tculevard. Cf : r, hostner can be said that he is 
one of the nost prominent Gi:ech--U'.ericans. He i3 efficient, onerp;etic and 
popular, besides beinc an ardent lover of the land cf his forebears. 




I F 5 
I G 
I G 
IV 



Bcitni'iAi: 



Demil lilaGatel . :.:aj.'. 2Q, 1917. 

TO ./linLCCj.:^: -yiixu.:^ t. vfi-iciLv 




Cur v/ell-kno;vn Ohicaro rellovz-coimtryrnan, ] r. l.arGl (Giiarles) r. Yopicka 
hardly had any xorebodinns of the big burden he was talvinf up on his 
shoulders .jlieii he ace er. ted an appointment ao United States minister to 
EoujTinia, Serbia, and ^ulJ::aria ncre than tr.ree years aro. Tis station, 
primarily v/as io be liucharest, and a secondary one at Eelcrade, There 
v/as a vigorous protest raised a^-ainst hin in corjiection ;;ith the appoint- 
ment. It ej.oanated riainly frcn prohibitionist influences, and from Gerrnanic 
sources, revertheless. President Tilson, feolinc that he ov/ed the Gzech- 
Anericans a token of rjcornition, insisted upon his choice, and I r. 
Vopicka took the hif^h office, jhich.no Czech in ATierica has ever held 
before, to the greatest joy of his fellov;-countryruen, 

Cn his v/ay to his hi.rh station, he first visited his place of birth, 
near rribreua, Bohenia. It v;as there he had his first experience with 



'QTrrji 



Ti:' 



I G 

I G Dennl .Ilasatel . :ar. 28, 1917, 

IV 

Austrian officials, v;lio, Icnov/iii--' already that .ar v;as approachinf, 
did not like to see a Czech in a position .vhich should later prove to be 
Ox creat iri}.ortance and of dovjided influence. Vr, Vopicka, Iio'.vever, could 
not he dissuaded fron carryinr out hiij ii-tentions to serve his adopted 
country as best he could, at the sarae tine never forc;etting the interest 
of his native land. He speedily becar.e aco.uainted ".Ith the agencies of his 
office, and ir.any vrere tho pr^ss re-^crts tliat commanded his activities. 

lie had been in office for a short time v/hon ,ar be^an to rage and affoctad 
Serbian people first. I r. Vopicka conducted his affairs in Eelp^rade as 
long as this vras possible. Finally, v/hen the Teutons took the Serbian 
capital, he restricted his activities to Sofia in Bulgaria, and Bucharest, 
liouinania, The Bulgarians, in the meant i:ie, allowed thenselves to be 
enticed by their King, Ferdinand, to enter the ./ar on the side of the 
■^ontral pov;ers, ai.i because of their age-old hatred of the Serbians. The 
activities of i:r. Vopicka ceased aLn;ost entirely, as far as }3ulgaria was 




I F 5 - 3 - rCEJIAI-: 

I G 

1 G Denni Hlasatel , : ar. 28, 1917. 

r/ 

concerned from that ir.oi?.ent, for the Teutons v/ere loath to see the 
representative of a neutral country in a place where their activities 
could so easily be observed. In due course of tine, Rciiuiania joined the 
Allies. The United States minister, as a Czech, certainly rejoiced over 
the fix St victories of the Hoxiraanians, and v/as also very helpful in 
adversity, v;hen Bucharest -.im: taken by the Teutons, ./hat :.r. Vopicka 
had to endure during; the bombnrdMent by German planes before the evac- 
uation.' of the capital by Rouianian troups and their capture, onlj'" he 
himself can depict, rle clunc; to his post, a protector of American inter- 
ests and of hui.oan rif^hts. This did not appeal to the Teutons, v/ho are 
v;ont to disregard the laws of humanity. They used cunninr means and 
drove i..r. Vopicka from his post. 




There came times v;hidl '.Tere as excitinr^ as they v/ere interesting, when !'r, 
Vopicka rode throu^.-h Austria to "lerlin where bhe news soon arrived that 
America had severed diplomatic relations v/ith the piratical Genoans, 



I. F 5 - 4 - BOHETIIAI^ 

I C 

I G Denni Hl a satel . Kar, 28, 1917. 

IV 

Mr. Vopicka moved on to Copenhagen, v/here he was unable to find 
an accommodation for his return to America. In this he succeeded, however, 
by going to Norway, where he boarded a ship that brought him back without 
any serious incident. 

This odyasey will come to an end when he arrives in Chicago today. To 
welcome him, his wife and children, as well as a multitude of friends will 
be at the Union depot including the committee of thirty from the Beseda so- 
ciety. To the banquet to be given in his honor, United States Senator 
James Hamilton Lewis, Prof. B. Simek of Iowa City, and Prof. Samuel Harper 
are among those invited. A program of high artistic qxiality is provided, 
in Tfdiich Mrs. Sterba, Mrs. Lajer, Mrs. Geringer, and Miss Bartusek will 
participate. 







^ V' 



I 1^ 1 

I ? 2 Denni Hlasat el, I.'ar, jS, 1917, 

I F 4 

IV GZdr.l O^JIDIDATJS ET GOIIIIIO .LJOTI il 

Oreat efforts are bein-, r.iade in the ca':ipai;3n of the coniiio election in be- 
half of TosDf Sinian, -.--ho is a candidate on the 3.0 .ublican ticket for the 
office of ^ity clei-k, v/hlch had been held by his brother, nov; deceased. 
I.Ir, Sinan t-ias appointed by I'a:'or Thornoson- to hold t'.e office r.fter his 
brother's death to election tirie. By the election of llr, 3i:nan the Ozechs 
woul^ be represe.'.ted in c. hirh office, 21very G:!i9ch voter ou -ht to be av.'are 
of this, rjid vote Tor Ilr. Sinan, re::::rdless of his own political affiliations, 

T"ie Czech voters are aLiost sure that they v/ill be raprosented in the 
Tv;elfth '.Jard by .'tldeman Otto llerner. The candidate v;ill succeed hinself 
in an office in ./hich he has done uuch rpod uot on y for his 3zech fellov;- 
countryr.ien, but also for the population of the entire city. 



h m. s 






I F 5 - :3 - 30:1:1 Zj-jIT 

I ? 1 

Ijr Denni laasatel , I r.r. .35, 3.. 17. 

Czech, voters should not forget to devote all t:.eir eixer ies to the election 
of :.x. Josef 0, ICo.'-tner v;ho Is the Re ;ular De; ^oGratic candidate Tor 
alderr:an of the Thirty-Fourth '..'ard, lie is the -lost ef.icient and best 
qualified of the candidates, and his electi;)n v;ill be c nsidered a boon 
to the Thirty-Fourth './ard, as -.iell as to f.e Ozech-iij.ierican cor-c.iu:iity of 
our oity. 




I F 5 • BOHEMIAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 7, 1917. 



LA. FOLLETTE'S COLORS ^ 



(Editorial) 

The future, and the very near future at that, will show conclusively who 
La Follette, Senator of Wisconsin, is in reality; whether he is a man 
who follows his convictions without regard to his individual interests, 
or whether he is a weakling who allows himself to be governed by his 
political ambitions, to which he sacrifices the foremost principles of 
his nation. The future will show whether he is a great man or a low- 
down traitor. 






I F 5 Ec:ri-iAi: 

I F 4 

Denni I'lasatel , : ar. G, 1917, 

JCS2F snuu: liCHiiL^riiD for city cliki's cffig^ 

Durinf a neoting of the Re^^ublican Jard Gora:-itteeMen a resolution vms 
passed to nominate Josef Si'ian, brotuer of the late City Clerk John Siman, 
for the office of city clerk. There -./ere no cpposinf votos. It, Josef 
Siman has been appointed acting clerk by layor Thompson and was accepted 
by the city coiincil a few days af^o. 




I F 5 



B0H2I.3.aT 



Ijen ni iJ iasnt el, Jan, 30, 1916, 

POLITIJ.-^ .^J•A1R^ 
The i?welfth .lard liov; has its candidate 



Great interest v;as shown last week in the queation of who was going to 

receive the Je.iocratic no-dnation for alder-ian of the 'iVjelfth ward, .-it 

the meeting of the ward organization tae day before yesterday a candi- 
date was finally chosen. 

Tfie Rieetiaj v;as attended by a lar,r?,e nurfoer of citi>iens fron all parts of 
the "./ard. It v;as afirecJ tnat the ..ard orr^anizaoion give its support to 
Josef I, Ilovah, an e:c-alden,ian wno was reconr.ended sone tii:e :xgo. ./hen 
the numerous other candidatss showed a wiliinfjness to withdraw i'roi.i the 
ticket in favor of l^lr. Novak, he proclaimed hi:iself a candidate. 






t*5 

— I 



It is expected that tiie visit of President ./ilson in Ghicaso tomorro\; inay 
have Rreat political si-^nif icance, and it seens likely tuat the President 
will be placed in an unpleasant position by tJie political squabbles of 



-o 



I F 5 - ii - BOHj^i-JjUI 

Denni hlas atel, Jan. 30, 1916. 

the local Jenocratic f actions . 

The Democratic chieftains will v/elcone President ..ilRon at "Clie station. 

They will be headed by the former nayor; this v.'ill not be ver;^ pleasant -^ 

to tiie Sullivan faction, which holds a najority nenbership in the State ^ 

coiiuiitteo. -o 

o 

There does not seen to be any hope that tiie two factions vjill conie to an "to 

agreenent resardi.-ir, the election of dele/^ates to tiie national convention. ro 

Both factions will have their individual selections of delegates to the 
convention. The only thins- they have in connon is that boiih factions have 
nominated Governor Dunne and oenator x^ewis, althoufrh neitixer of tixem are 
affiliated witii either faction. 

The reason for the support of Dunne and ±.ev;is by the Sullivanites lies 
in tiie fact that they are the higiiest Deriocratic officers in tiie state 



I y 5 - '6 ~ 30lLSi.J.\II 

ujenni - JLasat,3l, Jun. 50, 1916. 

of Illinois, ajid uiierefore without doubt v;ill hoad bouli factions. 

It see.-is that ^iovernor junne is satisfied v.'ith tais arran^ienent . ^cing 5 

a candidate for another tern he does not v,*ant to antap.oni^e tne strong '^ 

oullivan faction, ue oeiieves t::at Jenator Levns can only be induced to r^ 

file his name v.'ith the 'larrison faction. -o 

o 

President ".jilson could oe dravm into the controversy by tne fact that "oj 

the Jtate of Illinois gives the -.resident tlie ri.ht to protest af.ainst f:^ 
the dele.^ates and to naintain that tixe dele^^ates na:aed are not Iiis . 

The x-resident can tlierefore disown oullivan or iiarrison, or botii, and it 
is said that either the President or his caj.ipaign r.anager will be di- 
rectly petitioned for an ansi/er as to the faction with which they ivant 
to cast their lot. 

That, naturally, v;ould place the ^resident in an unenviable position, 



cr 



I F 5 - 4 - boii]:l.jaij 

De nni I llasatel, Jan. 30, 1916. 

because the State couiittee, all oullivan adherents, iiave already started ^ 
a caiipaifsn in support oi* ./ilson for President, and it v;ould not oe easy 5 

to refuse reco^ition to tiie Sullivanites at tiio x-residential convention p 

for oxiis reason. ^ 

-o 

•JO 

The managers of the './ilson canpai,'?n will tr^,' v;it;i all tneir luigiit to avoid o 

the di^winp; of the President into local aisputes; but the quesx,ion arises co 

hov; they v;ill be able to do so. ro 

tr 

The question of tac rirJit of v;o.:.en go vote for deler.ates to national con- 
ventions v;ill no doubt be presented to the State suprene Court for a de- 
cision. 

Judff.e Scully appealed to the attorney of the Election Coi.-uaission for an 
opinion on the rir/ht of v;o:.ien to hold dele/^ate credentials at Presidential 
conventions. Judge ocully holds «.:at L.io wor.ien nave that ri^^t. 



I g 5 - 5 - BOiESalAIT 

Denni HLasatel . Jan. 30, 1916. 

Regarding the noaination of a municipal judge to fill the position of the 
deceased Judge Hyan, many names of candidates v;ill appear on the tickets 
of both factions. Included in the list of candidates are the v;ell-laiov7n 
Czech attorneys Llessrs. Vincenc G. Ionic and Jaroslav J. Viterna. 



-C' 



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TO 
O 



—J 



I F 5 bcp^t:ait 

II A 1 

17 Dennl Hlasatel , June 4, 1915, 



IV (Jewish) 



polt'hcal 

Bohemian Lawyers Support Sabath and Kerner 



3» 



-X) 






The Spolek Ceskych Pravniku (Bohemian Lawyers' Association) held a special 
meeting on the premises of the Probate Court to consider the cominp- election 
and unanimously agreed to recommend to Bohemian voters the candidacy of Alder- =o 
man Otto Kerner and that of Judjc^e Joseph Sabath, both of whom the Democratic 
party puts up for the office of Judge of the Circuit Court. The meeting was '^ 
presided over by Joseph C. Pisa and enjoyed a large attendance, A resolution 
was adopted, signed by Members Titera, Ring, Churan, True, and Chotek, by 
President Pisa, and by Secretary Bicek, in which satisfaction is expressed with 
the nomination of two Bohemian-American lawyers, nominations, which should be 
considered as a complimsnt to the Spolek Ceskych Pravniku, 

The Spolek recognizes the great merits of Kerner as alderman for the Twelfth 
Ward and as chairman of the law committee of the city council and also the 



I F 5 - ? - BC^n?!IA:T 

II A 1 

IV Denni Hlasatel , June 4, 1915. S 

IV (Jewish) 5 

successful work of Municipal Judf-:e Joseph Sabath. Their experience renders p 

them highly Qualified for the office of judpe of the Circuit Court. Therefore "^ 

the Spolek recommends the election of both these Boheraian candidates and feels ^ 

certain that they will fill the office with dignity and honor. ^ 

Co 

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■ I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

,', I F 2 

' IV Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 24, 1914. 

IV (Jewish) 

A HUGS POLITICAL liKETING 

Perhaps never before has the Pilsen Park pavilion been so crowded with an 
enthusiastic public as it was last night. The large hall could not accom- 
modate all those who came, and several hundred people had to be turned away. 
Everybody was anxious to hear the principal Democratic candidates for county 
and state offices, and of particular interest is the fact that there vjere 
many ladies in the audience S 



Each speaker was given a roaring welcome, particularly such Democratic leaders 
as Governor Dunne, ilayor Harrison, etc.... but the welcome for other men, other 
candidates, and particularly the Bohemian candidates, vas no less enthusiastic. 
.... 

The candidate for the United :3tates senate, liir, Roger G. Sullivan.. ..recom- 
mended the re-election of the Bohemian Congressman, Adolph J, Sabath 



5> 



re 



CO 



/ 



• I F 5 - 2 - B0HS::IA1T 



I F 2 

' IV Denni Hlasatel , Get. 24, 1914. 

IV (Jewish) 

He was followed by the candidate for the State Senate, tir. 
Jos. Flacek 

kayor Harrison endorsed our candidates, j'.iP. John ^, Cervenka and Lir. iValldeck, ^ 
most highly. .... ^ 






The third speaker was Governor iXinne. , . .v;ho stressed the fact that by electing 

the whole Democratic ticket, the people will give their approval to the 

wonderful work that has been done by the Congress and by President v.'ilson S 

CO 
CD 

ro 
• •.••....••••*•*•• •.•.•..*..•.•.*......• -^-i 

The meeting v;as very successful, and its success is the best indication of 
a splendid victory at the polls on November 3 



I F 5 EOIiiL^M 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 21, 1914. 

POLrnC.tL I.T.-'S 

By nov; it is certain that our chief bailiff of the I.;imiciT;al Court, I.:r. 

iinton J. 5ema'-c, v/ill be elected chairr.ian of the County Board, and as such ^ 

he v;ill direct the fall elections in the Countv 



-o 



-a 



I F 5 BOEailAN 

I T? 1 

IV Dennf Hlasatel« Oct. 31, 191E. 

IV (Jewish) 

POLITICAL :i 

i 

There is one thing on 'A-hich all Bohenian citizens aereet That Congressman 
Adolph J, Sabath, who has represented the fifth Congressicnal District for 
the last tv/o teriris, will certainly be re-elected, and that he fiilly deserves ^ 
re-election -"* 

Thus, Mr, Sabath will be sejit to Congress for the third time, and with a much <Z 

greater majority than he has ever had before..*. •Mong the questions he will ^ 

help to solve is a revision of custom duties, v/hich is of prime importance for 2 

every citizen of this country lo 



CD 



Of no less importance is the question of handling the trusts. 



llr. Sabath is sure to protect the interests of the people in all these and 
other important questions. Therefore, he will be re-elected J 



I F 5 BOHiSJIoN 

I F 1 

IV Denni Hlasatel, Oct. 20, 1912. 

POLITICAL 
Bohemians in All Chicago Ivork for Mr, Cermak 

One of the best kno^vn and most popular of our men v;ho play a role in public 
life is Ur« Anton J. Cermak, alderman of the Tivelfth Ward ^ 

% 

The ward may justly be proud of having him represent it in the City Council, ^ 

..•.But his successful efforts are not limited to that v/ard; they spread z. 

throughout the city. His name is heard in connection with any important -^ 

action undertaken in the City Hall, and it is he v;ho gets the most difficult 3 
assignments from the mayor. •... 



We see him taking part in all national undertakings, and his name is on the 
list of subscribers to all Bohemian charitable enterprises..... 

Urged by his many friends, Mr. Cermak agreed to run for the office of chief 



C3 






I F 5 
I F 1 
IV 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. £0, 1912. 



D0H2MIAIJ 



bailiff of the Municipal ^-'iirt. He won the Democratic nomination for this 
office in the recent priiaax-xea, and he will be elected to this office two 
weeks from next Tuesday... ..All good Bohemians v/ho are interested in having 
men on whom our citizene can rsly in everj' respect will see to it that 
election to the position of chief bailiff of the Municipal Court is assured 
for Mr. Cemak. 



■T3 



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I F 5 • BOHSIviIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 3, 1912. 

DEMOCRATIC VICTORY" 

....Yesterday's election brought a great Democratic victory. Of the thirty- 
six newly elected aldermen, twenty-five are Democrats and eleven Republicans. 
The Bohemian candidates elected were: Frank J. Vavricek in the Tenth V/ard, 
Anton J. Cermak in the Twelfth ^/ard, Hugo L. Pitte in the Twentieth *^ard and 
John D. Toman in the Thirty-fourth Ward 




17 5 B0H5HI/>N 

I F 1 

IV Denni Hlasatel. Mur, 26, 1912. 

FOLITICiiL MATTiSRo 

Alderman .•^ton J. Cennak v.iio is a candidate for the office of bailiff of the 
municipal court was elected to the so-called "Oonmittee on Conmittees" by 
the City Council. Ke was then elected chairman of that committee. This is 
the most important conuiiittee post ever held by a Bohemian. • « • • 

A Tery active campaign is being carried on in the Thirty-fourth 'iVard where 
an aldermanic election is to be held next v/eek. The Democratic party 
candidate, I.Ir. John Toman, attends many meetings every day. .'lLI of them 
are well attended, v;hich proves that the Democrats, of whom there is a Large 
majority in the 'Vard, recognize the capabilities of ti;eir candidate and are 
determined to aid him in attaining a victory, llr. Toman is a young, energetic, 
capable man v;ho will surely be the best representative in the City Coxmcil for 
his ward. This v;ill be possible for him, because he is an adherent of the 
faction \/hich dominates the City Council at present. 




I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

I F 1 

I? Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 18, 1912. 

POLITICAL MATTERS 

Mr. John Toman is one of the candidates seeking the nomination for aldeiman 
in the Thirty-fourth V/ard. Mr. Toman is a young man and over a period of 
twenty-two years has been in the employ of the Chicago Public Library, He 
states in his platfonu that he intends to work for a reduction in telephone, 
gas, £ind electricity rates; for the better lighting of the ward, and for 
cle€Uier streets. Mr. Toman has lived in the ward and its neighborhood over a 
period of twenty-five years, 

Mr. Frank J. Vavricek, the present alderman of the Tenth Ward is again seeking 
the Democratic nomination for alderman of that ward. The Tenth Ward Tax- 
payers' Club and other orgeuiizations are recommending Mr, Vavricek for eoiother 
tern. 



u- 1 



I F 5 BOHSIIIAN 

Denni Hlasatel. Oct. 9, 1911. 

POLITICiU. MTTERS 

Last Saturday, Mayor Harrison named one hundred tv/enty-eisht delegates 
to the convention of the Lakes to the Gulf Deep V/aterway Association, 
which will be held in Chicago on October 12, 13 and 14 .... . 

Mong the delegates named by the Mayor are the follovdng Czechs: 
Anton J. Cerjiiak, Dr. J. F. Chvatal, Felix B. Janovsky, Adolf Kraus, 
Otto J, Novak, Adolf J. Sabutli, Frank Skala and Charles J, Vopicka. . 




17 5 
11 Z 
TI 



"Jorjii -[lasntel , Jem. 13, 1911. 



IGlZIJi^Zl 



L'r, /iiiton :;er:^.ak, secrstary of the United Jociotiea, -./'lo is oidin-"- v-ith. 
Orohrcn p -^^ inat carter :i, Harrison for the n'.r-.inition for ;:iayor, is 
e7:poct:Jd to .^i :ht n hard •,ejr,e In the rieetln"; of tho United Societies 
which is scheduled for today, and -.vhere r lar -e n^nber of officers nr.d 
dele'^ates vail be out for Il-^.rrinon, 




I F 5 BOHa.:iAIT 

Denni Klasatel , Jan. 2, 1911. ^, 

CZECH coi!GRjjssrju-: n: suppoht of haphisok 



3> 



The candidacy of Carter H, Harrison for mayor, received a strong 

boost in the speech delivered by Congressinan A. J. Sabath, during p 

a neeting of the United Democrats of Cook Covmty, in the Armory of . "i; 

the Second regiment, last night. The L^yor also addressed the ^ 

gathering, vrtiich tmaninously denounced, in strong terns, the ^_ 

policies of the County Board and those of Roger C. Sullivan. ^: 



•—4 



I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

II A 1 

, Denni Hlasatel , May 3, 1910, 

' BOHEMIAN ATTORNEY APPOINTED AS AN ASSISTANT 

STATE'S JCTORNEY. 

p. 1, col. 4.. Attorney J. C. Pisa, with office on the 7th floor in the 
•Reaper Block Building on Clark H.nd Washington Streets was called into the 
office of State's Attorney Waynan, and since yesterday he is an Assistant 
State's Attorney. State's Attorney V/aycan, for some time haa been consider- 
ing appointing a Bohemian lawyer to this office* 

A number of names was submitted, but Mr. \7ayxaan decided to appoint Mr. J. C. 
Pisa, for the following reasons t First, he is a young eusbitious lawyer, 
second, he is well qualified and last, but not least, he will fulfill his 
duties diligently and therefore it will be no mistake in this appointment, 
and Mr. Pisa, will be a credit to the Bohemians and Bohemian lanryers* 



I F 5 BCH^;:.i;.i; 

IV 

D enni ::iasatel , S.r.r . 6, I9IO. 

bch::i.:iai:£ ii; politico 

■3S 
p.l — The Der.iocra-tic party is celetratin^; its rvveepinc victory in yester- ?> 
day's elccticn. Anori'; the victorious candidates is r.lderman AntoT^ j. ■^ 
Cernai:, v;ho received a larj; ;er uajority of votes than any other candi- r^ 

date, i-.nother Bohemian candidate elected, was Alderman ?. J. Vavricok. gg 

o 

C3 

ro 



I F 5 Bc:i^:-iAA 

IV 

Denr.i I'lasatel. ..\pr. 3, I9IO. 



5> 



P.l — The voters in /ilderman Anton J. Cer^iak's ward are -.veil pleased with "—: 

his v;ori:, und to shov; their appreciation, thoy pronise their entire sup- 17 

port for ;;is re-electicn. They are sure that he will sorve them in the ^ 

future as v/ell as he has served them in the patt. £ 



CO 
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I F 5 BOVmOM 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 21, 1909. 

B0HEI.!IA1^TS COffSTS IN PRUAARY 

The Supreme Court of the State of Illinois adjourned last night without having % 

passed on the validity of the new direct primary law, and the approaching pri- ^ 

mary election will therefore be governed by it. The judicial election, which r^ 

will be held on April 12, will probably be subject to this law also, since the ^ 

Supreme Court will not reconvene early enough to have reached a decision on pj 

this question. ^ 

In all the Bohemian sections the interest in next Tuesday's primary is centered ^ 
on the outcome in the Twelfth VJard, where two aldermen are to be elected, with 
a long list of candidates of Bohemian descent competing. First and foremost 
are Messrs. /Anton/ Cermak and Kotinovsky, who seek the office left vacant by 
Mr. Uhlir's election as judge of the municipal court. Each of the two candi- 
dates has a large following eager to see its favorite win in the short-term 
aldermanic race. The long-term office is being sought by the present incumbent, 



I F 5 - 2 - BOHIJIWIAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 21, 1909. 

Alderman Zinimer, whose political strength is generally admitted; his competitor 
is our fellow countryman B. Kovak. On the Republican side Mr. lAilac is after -o 
the short-term office, ^ 



In other wards also our fellow countr3rmen will be in the thick of the battle. 

Mr. Edward KLinenberg is candidate in the Twenty-ninth Ward; Mr. Ringl in the g 

Twenty-seventh Ward opposes the Republican Cap; in the Tenth Ward l,!r. Foucek ':- 

is running for alderman as a Republican. In the Thirty-first Ward the Bohe- o 

mians are about to put up an independent candidate, but up to this hour he has D^ 
not been named. 



-a 



I F 5 B0H3IL1IAK 

IV 

Denni Klasatel , Nov. 7, 1906. 

POOR ELECTIOII RESULTS FOR CZECHS 

The hopes of the Democrats are blighted and the wishes of the Czechs go 
unfulfilled. The entire Republican county ticket has won. The blame for the 
Democratic defeat is laid upon the Hearst Independence League, vibich received .*f 
about 50,000 votes which the Democrats lacked. The ninth senatorial districtj^ 
will be represented in Springfield by two Democrats, Anton J. Cermak and r-^ 
Danahue, and one Republican. Cyril Jandus, Democratic senator, and -^ 
Iklr. Hruby, Democratic representative, elected from the fifteenth district, ^ 
and E. J. Smejkal, Republican from the seventeenth district, are Czechs. £ 

CO 

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I F 5 BOHEMIAN 

I F 1 

lY Denni Klasatel ^ Mar. 18, 1906. 

rv (Jewish) 

POLITICAL NB7;S. 



-n 









p, 1, col. 1. • In the near future the priioary election will be held at iriiieh 
several Bohemians will vie for county and state offices. Among the Bokemicm 
democrats the following men will appear on the ballots Mr. P. Novak, for 
congressman; Mr. Jandus for state senator, Mr. Halik, a Bohemian lawyer, is 
also running for state senator, although he is offered the candidacy to the ^i^ 
state legislature. 

Tor judges of the municipal court, Messrs. Kohout, J. Sabbath and A. J. Sabath 
are slated. In the 12th .Tard our bailiff, A. J. Cemak will without doubt be 
renominated to the state legislature* The Bohemian Republicems have not as yet 
made known liho their cemdidates would be but they promise to do so very soon. 

This primaz*y election will also include nominations to the county board and 
several county offices in irtiich the Bohemians will also participate. 



I F 5 BOHZL'JiJT 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel, ^u{^, 19, 1901-, 

ST2PI1IA AirOIirriD COU:iSSIOiJiS 

(Jovornor Yates naned J, P. otepina, the vrell knov.TL realtor, notary and 
la\vyer, of 481 Ashland !3lvd., as ra-jiaber of the ./est Parks Commissioners, 
to take tiie place of Charles I-Cnofke, v/ho recently resi£?ied at the governor»s 
request. 



ly 



BGH..l.iI^K?^v 



Denni Hlasatel, April 11, 1904< 



The new City Council will be installed into office tonij;ht. Tiie ceremony will 
not have the picturesque features of former years, because the police \7ill see 
to it that no floral decorations are brought into the council chambers. 

It is expected that there will be some significant changes in th'5 committees, 
Tv/o Eohemian aldermen, 7A. T- Novak and V. "". Cerveny are retiring from the 
Council, but their places are being taken by two other Rolieiniun;- , Rud "^urt and 
Jos. Z. Uhlir, 



BOHEHaAN 



I F b_ 
I G 
IV 



Denni Hlasatel . April 2, 1902, 



^ 



THE BEST ANSWER ^I^ 

THE VOTERS ANSV/ER TO THE INSULTS AKJ RAGE OF THE g 



ENE?.:iES OF ED. J. NOVAK. 

Novak elected by a large majority. Foucek, also, is alderiaan of the lOth ward. 

Bohemians in the lilth ward are rejoicing because Ur* Gervenka was elected. 
Cervenka, April-fooled Svornoat and Narod . 

KhodO) the enen^ of Bohemian people was decisively defeated in the 11th ward. 

The results oi' yesterday's election positively did not surprise us, we expected 
it to turn out just as it did. V/e were acquainted with the intentions of the 
voters in the Bohemian wards. «ife knew how all honorable citizens condemned tie 
unprecedented mud-siinging resorted to by certain individuals and two Bohemian 
newspapers, for purely personal reasons. W« knew how Rhode was hated among 
honorable citizens ana we also knew very well, that our countrymen and all 






- 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 5 
I C 

IV . Denni Hlasatel . April 2, 1902. 



1 — 



o- 



democrats in the 12th ward would uphold Cervenka. The thing cnat pleases us 
most, howe-er, is the fact, that Bohemians thoroughly destroy ^-d th"; plans of 
Vahoney, Cusack ana Burkei and in that manner, assured themselves respect and j; 
recognition from the leauers of the political parties. No one will dare to £: 
atteii.pt to invite a quarrel among us a^in, in the hope of profiting by our co 
aieagreenient. Yesterday's happening, will be a reminder, and a warning to all f^ 
tricksters for a long time. 

Voters throughout the city have condemned tiiese malicious reformers of the 
municipal league. These people wanted to become dictators of our voters, 
they wanted to designate for whom they should vote and for whom they should 
not. ihey proclaimed every one a scounarel, v/ho \»ould not sign up with 
taem. Their chief officers grafted and tried to ^et control of public 
property. 



I F 5 - 3 - BOHEIJIAN 

n; 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , April 2, 1902. 



■■o 

3>- 



CIS 



Narod arivi Svornost, papers of much varying tendencies, during the last campaign, ^ 
vied one with the other in heaping abuse upon Bohemian candidates. In this way £ 
they aroused resistance not only towards themselves, but against the candidates 
whom they appointed. So perhaps they will take it as a lesson for the future 
anJ will not try to destroy some countryinar, who does not want to whistle according 
to tneir notes. 

The Chicago voters have shown considerable interest in tie question of public 
ownersnip of street railways , e-as and electric plants , was also a pleasing 
inaication in yesterday's election. The people are for the referendum, chey 
want to take legislative powers into tneir own hands, they want radical reforms 
in public management and showed this in yesterday's election. 

Political parties, if they wish to continue to exist, surely will take notice and 
endeavor to remain in favor by doing the will of the people. 



I F D 30h::::.iaI' 

I F 1 

I C Denni Hlasatel . !.'aroh 20, I902. 

17 

POLITICAL 5L\TT2RS 

Leading Bohemian oitizens, v.'orking men, and business rr.en recently signed a 
proolamation, in v;hioh they express their recognition of the work in the 
City Council of the 10th Vard Alderman, 3d. \ Novak, and at the Ea::^.e time, 
request him to again seek re-election. 

There were many names on the list and we saw names of persons whose one word 
is worth more than the long speeches of speakers, who really do not know 
why they are exciting themselves. On this list are to be found the names of 
people of solid character and convictions, vvho certainly are not deserving 
of being abused and distrusted by political antagonists, as is now happening 
in various places, i^very citizen who signed the proclamation, for i.r. L'ovak, 
is convinced that there could not be a ;iiore capable co.ididate than 3d. J. 
Ijovak in the cori.ing clectio.'i, of 'he 10th iard, and al] will work ardently 
in order that ^d. u. Novak may te re-elected. 

The Irish of the 10th Vard want to jrofit by the disagreements amongst the 
Bohemians, and therefore they will actively support their independent candi- 
date, 3ary, who is also a candidate for the long term. This, however. 




- 2 - BCII^JAN 



Lenni Klasatel . ^.'sroh 20, 1902. /[^ "^ 

Bohemian citizens rust resist .vith a harmonious union of their votes forC' 



Ed, J. llovok, Y/ho has proven himself to be their capable representative. - 
If the Bohemian vote .vere divided, it mi£;;ht possibly happen that the most 
Bohemian v/ard in Chicago v/ould be represented in the City Council by two 
Irishmen. Certainly our oountrj'men of the 10th Yard ■.■/ill not allow this to 
happen. 



y 



<o 



I F 5 
I F 1 
I C 
IV 



Denni Hlasotel . ;,:aroh 20, 1902. 
POLITICAL L'ATTrtlRS 




The battle a2;8inst Alderman Novak is desarvin?^ of rejeotion for the reason 
that it is not being carried on in the interests of the citizens, but in the 
interests o^ ^■"•ornost and young Geringer. The independent candidate is, in 
reality, a put up c -.ic'ldate for the reno.vned "Geringer"' family. 

Ycung Geringer does not -.vent to confine himself to the newspaper business, 
"but would like to go into politics, and the capable ^d . ', Novak is for him a 
greater obstacle thnn any one else. That is the reason for all the baiting 
and lying in Cvornost; that is the reason for the energetic agitation, in 
order to ^;9use the Bohemians of that v/ard to split their vote £o ^s to permit 
the election of an Irishman. le hope, however, that the citizens of the 10th 
.'ard .vi ' 1 give these Jeiius x,i oroughly to understand what they think of the;i.. 




I F 5 

I F 1 

I C 

ly Dennl IIleEatel . Laroh 20, 1902. 

POLITICAL r-'ATTZRS 

ILr, Cerveny is being enthusiastically 5Uv;.:orted by all Bohemians in the 12th 
"ard. This ou^ht to be followed in all ot-er wards where some Bohemians 
have hopes of election, for the enemies of onr national Jty v.'ish for toothing 
n.ore than that '.ve should fight among ourselves, and that they should profit 
by our disagreement. 



I F 5 • BOHEMIAN 

I F 1 Illinois Staats-^itung , Feb. 12, 1900. 

IV 

SISEJKAL iJ^DOflSBD 

The Bohemian-Republican Club of the 9th ward, indorsed the candidacy of -^ 

Josef Sjnejkfll as the republican candidate for the city coting«l. The meeting ::^. 

was held at Sister's hall at which, preceding the indorsement, Ur. Smejkal ^' 

addressed the audience. He declared that his platform is indentical with ^ 

that of The "Mtinicipal Voter's League." Other speakers of the eT^Bdng o 

were U. J. F. Stepina, Alderman Anton Novak of the 10th ward, J. A. Sikula, ^ 

J. Brejcka, and E. D. Winternitz, who, although being a democrat, declared p 

himself in favor of Smejkal. *^ 



I ? 5 BOHTiaAlT 

I ? 4 

Svornost, I.ray 14, 1892. 

BOiEMAi: n]^:iinLi:!y::ViTio!: r: ::ci:ool 30.\hd 

'.Jill tlie Republican nayor resr^ect us cs his Deraocra'.ic predocessors did? 

Aiion^; Bofcei'iians the nest ion of reprev-5enta- ion of the Bohemian elements in 
the school board is again beinc discus red. ..s far as v;e knovv, at prest^nt 
no one is soekins this honorable office, 

L'ven Dr. Jirka has not scurht re-appointnent . - I'ov.jever, it is certain that 
Bohe.'.iian Republicans should at tliis tirie rctiir.d the nayor th^at he nust pro- 
vide Boheriians with a place on the school board, if the nupronition ^hat 
his party is unfavorable to the Bohenir.n element ir; to be overccrie. 

It is knov/n of course that : -ember of t;ie !:chool board cannot look after 
the interests of his ov.Ti nationality to the exclusion of others. 



no 

5j» 






ITS - 2 - boe:]:.:l\it 

I ? 4 

Svcrnost, Tlay 14, 1892. 

He i.iust respect the interests of all for tl.e benefit of the public schools. 
Everj'thinf: else is secondary. 

Since it has becone a pi'actice, a~ons us, that every nationality, be represent- 
ed in that body, surely 50,000 Bohft;::i?ms have a ri^ht to re -uest that one from 
aTiori^ the::i be appointed, Bohoriians are airiong: the taxpayers; --hereforo they 
have a rirht to Ge;iand representation in ever:,' department of the city adr.iinis- 
traticn. Accordins to re£:ulatio:is, Boheinians send tlieir children to the pub- 
lic schools. Therefore, they rigl-.ti'ully e::pect that a Boherdan v.'ill alv/ays 
be appointed a ;.".e:,;ber of the school board, so that they v;ill have sorae one 
to turn to, should they v;ish to ;ial:e a ca.iplaint or a proposal. : 

It is unnecessary to rrlnce 7;ords on this question. By what n thod can it be ■; 
acconplishod, so V. at the nayor -jill c^re the Bohemians rorresentation? By 

hamonions v;or;:, by the firoppinr of all poli:.ical partisanship, by discard- • 

ing all personal likes nnd uniLinr i . support of one individual, v/ho is - 



I ? 5 - 3 - BOIIEI'IAIT 

I ? 4 

Svornost , '. a;' 14, 1892. 

looked upon b^' all as the best qualified for the o-fice. And v;!io should it 
be? 

If \ie v/ere to re over t' e li::t of Bohei.iian citizens, if v;e v;ere to place the 
question before a Democrat or a Hepul)lican, the anff.ver v;ould be the sai.ie. 

Our v.-ish is that the present nomber of the board, Dr. Jirfca, be re-appointed. 

This is the best rocom.Me.idat ion v/hich can be ,':iven r.nj :,ienber. 



^ 



r_A 



One nuch official is, and ah-iays v;ill be, a c.s'ee.toT satisfaction to us tiian c; 

tv;enty others, who nould be rriore ciphers in that body, <; 

Dr. Jirka has expressed hirasolf on several occasions as net beinc a candidate, 
but if the Boheriian people vail insist on hin and succeed in riaving Ilayor 
■,'ashburne appoint hin, he iiust cubiidt to the v/ishes of his countrymen. 



I F 5 BOHMIAM 

I C 

IV 

Svomost, March 8, 1884« 

THE Il^DEPEWDEiMTS Iw TIjE 8TH WARD; THE GENERAL IffiETIi^JG OF THE 
BOHEiaAhS A1;D the GERMANS} VACLAV KASPAR iMOMIllATED 



5> 



Yesterday's meeting of the Bohemians and the Germans in Houdkov Hall ^ 



CO 

o 



was very largely attended, over 300 people were present. The Bohemian 

citizens appeared in large numbers. ^ 

The meeting was opened by the chairmen of the Bohemian and German Clubs, 
M, Patera and Finkensieper, The first explained the purpose of this meet- 
ing. His speech was translated into the German language by J, Kralovec, 
A motion was then made to elect a chairman for the day who spoke both 
Bohemian and German, The motion was carried and Ad, B, Chladek was elected 
chairman, with Em. Haase and Lussera as secretaries. Another motion was 
carried that only members of the club had the right to vote at this 
meeting. There were enlisted at this meeting forty-five new members, the 
total nximber of members being raised in this way to 171 names. The result 
of yesterday's election was made public and read in German, then translated 



I F 5 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

IV Svornost , March 8, 1884. 

by Ad« E« Chladek into Bohemian, It was decided that each of the candi- 
dates that were present be introduced to the audience which they were 
privileged to address. Vac, Kaspar was called to the rostrum, ^ 

Mr, Kaspar said, "Citizens, it is not the first time that my candidacy F 
has been proposed by one or the other party or nationality, but I never 
have accepted the nomination, not because I liked to stand against the 
people's will, but sir.ply that I decided not to go into politics, I would£ 
do the same now too, but the pressure exerted upon me this time by the ^ 
citizens of this ward was so predominating that it is clear to me it is "^ 
their most ardent wish, I have accepted the nomination this time, I will 
serve you, dear citizens, and promise to champion the platform which was 
presented to me before my nomination, I am not the kind of man who would 
fight to be nominated, and in case you should be able to find a more 
eligible candidate, I am ready to resign right now. And to agitate for 
him with all my influence," (Great applause.) 

The next speaker to be called was J. J, Kestler, ^(rtio said: "He does not 
intend to accept the nomination, but he feels grateful and expressed his 






cr 



I F 5 - 3 - BOHEMIAIM 

I C 

IV 

Svornost, March 8, 1884» 

thanks for the distinction with which the citizens honored him. He is 

out of town most of the time and it would be impossible for him to attend 

to the office duties punctually, (Applause.) He advised the citizens to 

nominate as candidate a man generally known and of honest character. He 

informed the citizens that in the 8th Ward a club of English-speaking 

citizens is in a stage of organization and it would be advisable to defer o 

the nomination." 

Mr. Kaspar was of the opinion it would not do any harm to the cause. 

Mr. Clemens and Finkensieper defended the motion and informed the audience 
that they had no candidate at present. They suggested eight days delay 
to be able to find one. 

Mr. Kralovec protested and declared that the purpose of today's meeting 
was to select the mutual candidate, consequently he demanded that a 
candidate be selected immediately. 

Mr. Kaspar admonishes the audience that only harmony could bring about 



3> 



IS 

o 



I F 5 - 4 - B OHEMIA^ 

I C 

IV 

Svornost, March 8, 1884« 

the desired results. He was ready to resign in case he should be the cause 
of some disagreement* 

Ne<t spoke Mr, Lussom, He rebuked the Germans for their discord in very 

keen words and was absolutely against delaying the matter. It was his 

opinion that the German committee had as much time for the nomination of 

their candidate as did the Bohemians, (Applause,) 



5= 









"The Germans," Mr, Lussem then said, "were indolent, they refused to 
pay attention to the candidates proposed by Democrats or Republicans, 
If a new club was organized it would be useful for us, if its intentions ^Jr 
were honest. Our mutual meeting of today was called for the purpose of 
nominating a candidate, therefore he should be nominated at once, I doubt 
whether it would be possible to find a more suitable candidate than Mr, 
Kaspar, If everyone should work to the best of his ability the whole enter- 
prise would succeed," 

Mr, Kraloveo then took the rostrum. He praised Mr, Kaspar and recounted 



I F 5 - 5 - BOHEMIAN 



I C 

rv 



Svornost, March 8, 1834. 

the benefits if he should be elected, Kaspar was the only man who could 
compete with Lawlar# He made a motion to nominate Mr, Kaspar as the 
mutual candidate. 



•xs 

5> 



P» Finkensieper proposed to defer the nomination for eight days, Mr# Clemens -^ 
supported the proposal, Mr, Geringer was against it and stood firmly for ^ 
an immediate nomination, £ 



Mr, Clemens was given the floor and said, "Citizens, the first meeting of 
the Bohemian Club was very weak and it is very surprising to observe today 
such a large number of Bohemians, My judgment is to delay the nomination 
to a date vriien the Germans will be present in a larger number," 

After long debate and many speeches pro and con, it was decided to no- 
minate a candidate at once. Every member was to mark on the ballot the 
name of his candidate and his own name. The ballots were tabulated 
carefully. The result of the voting was as follows: Vaclav Kaspar, 129 
votes; Kestler, 1; and Boehmer, 1, 






I F 5 - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

IV 

Svornost, March 8, 1384« 

Mr. Kaspar yras called in and the result of the voting was announced to 

him. He expressed his thanks for the confidence and, in case of his ^ 

election, he promised to do for the citizens all in his power to merit -^ 

the expression of confidence of the members present. (Great applause.) f- 



The mutual committee will have its next meeting the coming Saturday in g 
the American Sokol hall. 



The meeting adjourned. 



o 



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BOHEMIAlN 

Svornost, L&irch 6, 1884, 

FRA.WT FUCIK ACCEPTS THE CANDIDACY IN THE 6TH YfARD 

Yesterday eveninr- the Club of the Bohemian Citizens of the 6th Ward held 
a meeting at 582 Center Avenue. Frant Fucik was nominated as candidate 
for alderman of the 6th ward. He accepted the nomination, and being a 
Republican, he will run on the workingmen' s ticket. In all probability 
he will receive all the votes against Cullerton. 



■1 '^ ' 



I. ATTITUDSS 
F. Politics 
6. Graft and 
Corruption 



I F 6 BOHHIMTAN 

Denni Hlasatel. Apr* 2, 1918. 

^YOR THOMPSON AND THH: QSSMaHS/ 
(Editorial) 

The Thompson administration, whose conscience is already overburdened with many 
sins, has perpetrated so much mischief that it will be remembered with right- 
eous indignation for many years to come. These evil deeds are crowned for all ^ 
times by the fact that the Mayor packs the Chicago School Board with people ^ 
who, in these portentous times, make no effort to control their rabid pro- f^ 

German sentiments. These same people violently oppose the removal of the nam© vCT 
of Bismarck from the books in our public schools — Bismarck, who is characterized 3-' 
by all sensible men as the lowest human beast in modem history and the most £ 
successful criminal on whom the German nation can pride itself before the civi- ^^ 
lized world. If the people of Chicago forgive every sin the Mayor has com- ^i 
mitted against them, they surely will not forget this particular disgrace. '^' 



I F 6 30Ka..I.JT 

I D 1 

^ Denni Hlasatel . Nov. 10, 1917. 

JUDG^ CL;i.i.lLL UlL^^ TO IRoYJl Kid CiL^IGj^J .^lE'JP CJHIIAK 

'iVilliam K. Gemnill, associate judge of the municipal court, appeared before 
thu corjT.ittee of jud{::e3, headed by Chief Justice Harry Olson of the 

municipal court, which -..-as to investi;-;ute the char,:es of ^jraft raised by ^ 

Genraill a-ainst .jitor: J, !5erjiak, chief bailiff of the court, Genall carie ^ 

chiefly tc cross-exa'iine Lr. Ceraak in regard to a conversation, betv/een F^ 

the judge and an \annaned person, v;hich, the chief bailiff intimated at <-^ 

yesterday's session, he had accidentally overheard, 3 

o 

i'Toni the nonent the Judge entered, he was the c;;Tiosure of mirthful chuckles; ^ 
he supplied all the entertainriont for the crov;d ixntil he left the coriimittee ^j 
room v;ith a defiant "goodby". It v/as the exchange of v;ords betv;een Judge 
Olson and I.'r. Cemiak on one side and Jud^^e Gei.uuill on the other v;hich 
kept the audience in perpetual hilarious suspense. Judge Olson openly con- 
plained that most of the judges' meetings had teen turbulent affairs, mainly 
because of Judge Gemmill's obstreperousness. 



s 



I g 6 - 2 - boid:.:!.^: 

I B 1 

IV Dennl Illasatel. Kov. 10, 1917. 

VJhen Lr. Cer:;iak addressed Jud -e Gen:::ill as "Your Honor," ho was advised 
by the latter that this polite approach was not desired. Coriiialc retorted 
that, after sorio consideration, he had corae to the conclusion th^^t in Judce 
Geioiiill's case "Your Honor" was out-oi'-place, because there v;as ver*'" little 
honor to be founi there 

Chief Justice Olson assured the judres that there v;as no substance to the '^ 

char';:es against Chief Bailiff Ceraal-:, and that the accusations of ";;raft in <-^ 

the r-iilifi's office" were the finiO'its of Judre Geirull's iiri-i-:iiiution and ^ 

obstinacy. S 

Vjhen called on to prove his charrjes, Jud^e Gerniill assured the cormiittee that 
he would do so; but he did not .^o beyond his [promise. I.'everthelcss he devoted 
a volley of his queries to the picnic held b the i3ailiffs* Benevolent Societ:/, 
Ke produced the projran and scanned par;e after pa^jo for advertisenents placed 
there by saloonkeepers. Irrepressible laufjiter was evo^ced by the manner in 
which Jud<_:e '^eimiill interrogated I.ir. Cerriak on the der;reo of Jiis acquaintance 



CO 



I ? 6 - 3 - 3 uril.ll .i£ 

I B 1 

IV Denni zaasatol, ::ov. 10, li;'17. 

with the various taveni'^eepers, and by the jood jrace vilth ■'..'hicli the latter 
responded to the cuestionini-. 

This droll Lut lon/jthy proced'-'re T/as finally iialtcd by Chief Justice Olson, 
\Yho reninded the inquisitor that no case of violation of the drj' lav:s i"s 
involved here. This brourZ.t. about a nev; scuabble in •..•hich the tv;o judges 
threatened one another v;ith jail sentences, Judre Ck3rj-:i].l left, finally. 



-a 

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-o 
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he are sura that if he has sone r.ore of thj "evidence" in stock of the kind 
he has produced so far, the investif^ation v/ill dra^ )n indefinitely, but the 
accusations against Bailiff Cerraak v/ill not be sustained. ^ 



ro 



I F 6 BOK?r.n:.m 

lY 

Dennl Hlasatel , July 31, 1917. 

Ns;; coMFL.^ii7rs ivRcm a judge 

(Sumnary) 

In spite of the rebuff which Jilliam II. Gennill, judge of the municipal court, 
suffered frcan the judicial comiitteeirecQntly, he again raises accusations 
against .Inton J. Cermal:, bailiff of the municipal court. The details which 
Judge Gemmill plans to reveal will be given in a conference vi^ien the judges 
will investigate the validity of the charges. He has filed a list of griev- 
ances against the bailiff's office in v/hich he mentions Harry Olson, chief 
justice of the municipal court, as the official v;ho is the superior officer 
of the bailiff. 

Mr, Cerraak reacted lay sending to Chief Justice Clson a list of complaints 
against Judge Gensnill v;hich Germak promises to substantiate by the testimony 
of witnesses. 





I ? 6 B0H5I>II.-;N 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel, June 27, 1917. 



CEIOIAK EXONERATED 
(Sunniary) 

An assembly of twenty-one judges of the municipal court declared that the 
charges made by 'iVilliam K. Geramill, associate judge of the court, against 
the office of Mton J. Ceriak, chief bailiff of the court, v;ere unfounded 
and that the evidence presented indicated nothing "smacl^ing of graft" in 
the conduct of the chief bailiff. The vote taken by the judges on this 
decision v;as unanimous. Judge Genraill was not present. 

The chief bailiff ♦s office v/as not only given a "clean bill of health," 
but was, in addition, highly commended for the perfect manner in v/hich it 
handled its agenda. 

Of course Judge Geramill. was not satisfied with the findings of the judges* 
COirmiisaion, but dubbed it as "dtrab and silly". The judges, he declared, 



I F 6 - 2 - BOHii,XAN 

IV 

Dennf Hlasatel. June 27, 1917. 




should have searched for graft instead of covering it. He particularly 
pointed out that the judges had neglected to swear in the deputy bailiffs 
called on the witness stand. 

The follov.-ing incident nay show hov/ empty the accusations against Mr. flermak 
are: Judge "i.ells, a nember of the investigating coaT.ission, declared that 
Judge Geramill had told hin that the t'.vo daugliters of Cernak v^ere employed in 
the latter* s office. In. answer to this the chief bailiff proclaimed emphatically 

that one daughter was employed in his office up to the time of her marriage. 
"I.Iy other daughter, 211a, never v/as on the payroll. If it can be proved that 
she v;as, I am ready to retire from office." 

Ur. Cermak announces that he, in turn, will file serious charges against 
Judge Gemnill in due time and prepares to appear armed with weighty evidence. 

For preliminary details on this case see Denni Hlasatel, June 18, 1917, 



I F 6 BOffilML^ 

I G 

IV Denaf Hlasatel , Juno 18, 1917. 

^OURT IM3STIGATI0K OF AITTON J. ttSHI^il^ 

(Summary) 

Many investigations into the activities of public officials are started 
emd soon abandoned. The cast in the most recent one includes V/illiam N. 
Geramill, associate judge of the municipal court who is ambitious to be- 
come chief justice, and Anton J. Cemak, chief bailiff of that court. 

Deputy bailiffs pay fifty cents per month to the Bailiffs' Mutual Benefit 
Association; Judge Gemmill objects to that. He further coaplains about 
a collection which demanded five dollars from each deputy bailiff for the 
purchase of a diamond star for Chief Bailiff flermak. 

It is a known fact that Harry Olson, chief justice of the municipal court, 
will soon have to run for his office again. Judge Geramill is being 




I F 6 - 2 - B0H3MLAN 

I G 

IV Dennf Hlasatel . June 18, 1917. 

pushed by Mayor Thompson and the prohibitionist element, a fact which 
fiercely antagonizes Mr, Cermak, secretary of the United Societies for 
many years* Mr. Olson and Judge Gemmill are the ones who started the 
investigation which is now being conducted before Judges Stelk and 
Hayes with numerous deputy bailiffs as witnesses. 

In rebuttsil to the charges, Mr, Cermak declares that a collection for the 
purchase of a diamond star was started by the deputies two years ago 
while he was out of town. Upon his return he immediately ordered the 
money collected to be refunded. "I was presented with a diamond star 
when I became an alderman, and I do not see any reason why I should wear 
one star on each side of my waistcoat," he declared. 

As for the Bailiffs* Mutual Benefit Association, Mr. Cermak states that 
the fifty cents paid by the deputies are dues, and that the money is 
being spent in the most Judicious manner. An annual picnic yields from 




I F 6 
I G 
IV 



- 3 - 
Denni Hlasatel, Jime 18, 1917, 



SOHailAN 



one to two thousand dollars. The Association's treasury extends its 
help to many people in distress, particularly in cases of eviction. 
Liberty bonds for five hundred dollars were bought, and two thousand 
dollars was contributed to the Red Cross; there is five thousand dollars 
left in the treasury. 

"When I heard of the accusations, I, myself, invited an investigation. 
We supported Judge Gemmill in his campaign because his personal bailiff 
assured us of Gemmill *s sympathies with the principles of the United 
Societies. In that we were deceived. ** 




I F 6 



BC!i3i:i^: 



Dennl Pllasatel . Hay 26, 1J17. 

(3u:.n.:j?iz5;D i^DiTcriLi) 



V.'e have often reud about gullible people to v/iion the I.'.'isonic 'Penple v:as 
sold. ••••Nobody, hov/evor, ever buu;j;ht a ^old brick as the voters of Chicago 
did, v/hen they helped V.illiuii K^ Thonpson into the mayor's seat and v/ere 
then handed a lenono 




I F 6 

I D 1 b 

II E 2 



BOHEMLAN 



Dennl Hlasatel. May 9, 1917. 

ONE OF BANKER TUMA'S VICTIMS 



One of the many victims who has paid for his confidence in the honesty 
of Josef Tuma, former, private banker in our community, is Vaclav Novy, 
a building contractor. He had borrowed $1,500 from Mrs. Josephine Siraek, 
The money was deposited in the private vaults at the office of Tuma, 
negotiator in the transaction, and was to be paid in installments to 
Novy, who was then building his present residence. After Tuma*s tragic 
death, the money together with the deposits made by other Chicago Czechs 
became part of the estate under the administration of the Chicago Title 
& Trust Company. Mr. Novy appeared before Judge Henry Homer of the 
Probate Court in order to recover the amount not paid out yet, claiming 
it was not a regular but a special deposit. The court dismissed his 
petition, declaring Tuma had acted as an agent, wherefore the petitioner 
could be given no preference. 




J 



I F 6 BOHEMIAN 

I B 2 . 

Dennl Hlasatel . May 5, 1917. 

THE MN WHO REPRESENTS US 

(Editorial) 

(Suramary) -o 

The present time certainly offers a good opporttinity for observations - 

on the man who represents Chicago, one of the largest and most :^ 

cosmopolitan cities of the world. Each of the big cities has its ^ 

characteristics, Chicago also has an earmark of its own - that rascal, """ 

Mayor William Hale Thompson, who, himself, insists upon being talked ;= 

and written about,,,, and who is doing his utmost to expose himself ^ 
to severe criticism. 

Before election, he promised the blue sky, and seemed to be the most 
enthusiastic American and patriot at that. He proclaimed in thousands 



I F 6 - 2 - B0H31TI-qN 



I B 2 

Denni Hlasatel . J'^ay 5, 1917. 

of handbills that it is the foremost duty of the citizens to elect 

a man whose Americanism is beyond reproach The voters fell for 

this rigmarole, and the Mayor V7cn, but only to cause embarrassment -c 

€ind disappointment to all those vjho had cast their votes for him 1 

He made a name for himself by closing the saloons on Sunday against -^ 
the wishes of the great majority of the populace. He did not change ~ 
his order, even after he had been shown up as a double-crosser. ...• -o 
Our readers surely remember all the cases in which Mayor Thompson S 

demonstrated his duplicity, and principally his incapability to 

The Mayor crowned his achievements finally by a conduct which attracted S 
the attention of the whole world, ,,, The French delegation with <^ 

General Joffre, and the English delegation, arrived in America for a 
conference v;ith our government. It consisted of men of renovm. and 
great prestige. 

They came for a visit to Chicago, but not upon the invitation by the 



I F 6 - 3 - BOHEIiaAI^^ 

I B 2 

Dennl Hlasatel . May 5, 1917. 

Mayor, for he had refused them this covirtesy. He made a spectacle of , 

himself as a man bare of loyal sentiment, one who should be driven 

from office. The most deplorable part of all this is the fact that 

he, who first was so recalcitrant, now is beginning to confer with % 

■the committee in charge of the reception of the Allied delegates. ^ 

The Mayor thus proved himself to be a man without shame or honor. ^ 

A man of this caliber is the person who represents us. ■ <-^ 

-o 

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1 a/1 



I F 6 BomadiAtJ 

Denni Pllasatel . Feb. 18, 1916. 

POLITICAL IL-iPPi'JNINSS 
Mr. Siman Calls Inspector Nye a Fixer 

On Wednesday evenin^'; City Clerk John Siman stepped on a platform at a political 
meeting and told how a representative of the city administration came to him 
and wanted to know how it could be arranged to have the city council candidate 
of the Renublican party in the Thirteenth Vard, G, L. liobertson, get first place 
on the ticket. 

•tfhen iiT. Siman delivered his s':)eech, he did not mention the name of the person. 



■ o 
VJhen Mr. oiman entered his office yesterday, two men cajne in and v;arited to know caj 
if he was referrinf^ to them v/hen he delivered his address. We ansivered: "The !:i3 
name of the man who came to me with the proposal to fix things for Robertson "^ 
is George n., Kye. I give you his nar;ie oublicly, to ease others wi.o may have a 
guilty conscience." 

Nye, 7;ho is su-nerintendent of the city boiler inspectors, heard of this and went 



I F 6 - 2 - BCmLJAN 

Denai "lasatel . Feb. 18, 1916. 

directly to the office of City Clerk John 3iinan. "You lie" yelled Nye. "You 
are a scoundrel," answered !v!r. iiman. Tha conflict ended in a vjordy skirmish; 
evidently Nye was av;are of the physical prowess of ookol /Gsnnnast/ John 3inian. 

3ur)6rintendent Nye later told his friends that should l.'x, Simun publicly mention 

the stated episode, he vjould start a suit for $100,000 for defamation of character, *. 

Yifhen r.IIr, Siman heard of this threat he said: ".fnat kind of public statement does "^ 

he want? Dohg he want me to present to hira in writing; that which I publicly ~ 
stated in one-syllable words? "I have witnesses, and can secure sworn statements 

if necessary." ~2 

CO 



I F 6 BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. Feb. 6, 1916, 

/plT£ HALL POLITIC,^ 

(Editorial) 

It seejos that, at the city hall, there rules the motto "Spinave Politiky" 

(Dirty Politics), Judging from the yelling done by some of the aldermanic ^ 

candidates because their names have not been placed at the top of the ballot* 



lb be sure, there may be something more behind all this hue and cry than the 
the public is supposed to know; usually, when so much noise is made about 
trivialities, there is scmething of much graver moment hidden which a certain 



3> 



niese men edso accuse City Clerk Simsm of giving preference to petitions of 
favored candidates and of pushing aside the petitions of others less favored. =o 



T3 



If the candidates knew the city clerk a« our Sokols (G^nnnasts) know him, they ^ 
would behave as real men should* 



1X3 



I F 6 - 2 - BOHEBIEIAN 

Dennl HLasatel, Feb, 6, 1916, 
clique may be trying to keep under cover. 



5 






I F 6 . bOhjLl/iLtH 

Derml "ijlasatel, Feb» 5, 1916, 

City Clerk Joseph Sinian yesterday ■:^iS'sere(i the Chicago Civil jervlce Gorn- 
nission which is trying to accuse hin of being unfuir in tlie placing of nones 
of aldermanic C:indidates on priir.arj-' lists for tie naxt alderr^anic election. 

The Civil Serv'ice CCTr.issior. exa-^iined ...r. Sirian's office employees, tind 
expects to continue with trie examination next Llonday. 






o 



Lr. Sinyji asserts ttiat he acted equitnbly and witiiin the law, and said: "'fwo 

of the Thompson candidates for aldermen, who are yelling that frauds were ^ 

committed, ca.e to me before their petitions v:ere entered and asked me to ^ 

telD. them ho'.v it voula be possible to fix taings so that their names would "^ 

be printed o.t the top of the prinz-iry ticket. One of these men ceme in 

person and the other sent His representative." 

llr. Siman will reveal tie namos of these men wh.en he deems the tire 
propitious. 



I F 6 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 4, 1916. 

^^ETITIOIB FOR POLITICAL NOMINATIOIB/ 

(Editorial) 

City Clerk John Siman made an excellent decision relative to the filing of 
petitions for alderioanic nominations, which is that the petitions received o 
by mail will be given preference to those delivered in person* 



3 






Tears ago the offices of the city clerk were beselged by politicians with ^ 
petitions. Each of these men strove to get his or his friend's petitions 
in as soon as possible, because the rule then applied that the first 
petition received headed the list of names of candidates, and all the 
candidates wanted their names placed at the head of the list of candidates* 

The candidates for office try to get their names in first, which means that 
a man has a better chance of winning a nomination if placed at the top of 
the list* 



! I g 6 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I? 

\ Dennl Hlasatel. Feb. 4, 1916, 

Many men waited all night in the corridors of the election commissioners' ^ 
offices. Naturally with all those men cluttering the corridors, great ^ 
disorder prevailed, a condition which should have been stopped lone ago, ^ 



Even this new order did not satisfy all the candidates, because certain 
candidates claimed the police who were left on guard arranged it so that 
their favored candidates received the preference. 

Human nature is so constituted that, even with the greatest care such com- 
plaints will appear, because certain candidates seem to thinlc that they are 
uronged, no matter how equitably others try to treat their fellows. TJiese 
men v;ill claim that they are wronged if their names do not head the list 
of candidates. 

The only laiown remedy for this existing evil would be, if the election 
regulations were so changed that names of candidates be placed in alpha- 
betical order, wiiich would do away vith the hurry now seen, and would. 






CO 



. I g 6 - 3 - BOffffMIAN 

•IV 

A Deaml Hlasatel , Feb. 4, 1916. 

we believe, change the prevailing conditions so that there would be no ^ 
more complaints* ^ 

t 

SO 

o 
isa 



I F 6 ■ . BOHaJIAN 

I F 5 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 29, 1915. 

CERI.14K IS NOT AFRAID 

Chairman Percy B. Coffin of the Civil Service Commission, while making the 
announcement yesterday that the Commission has not found anything that would 
justify its discharge of the Bohemian police captain, Jan Ptacek (although 
this was precisely its aim and purpose) , launched an attack on Anton J. 
Cermak, and the Bohemian aldermen ^ohn/ Toman and /ottol Kerner, and also 
made disparaging remarks about Bohemian citizens. Mr. Cermak made an im- 
mediate reply to this attack yesterday, using the energetic and snappy way 
so characteristic of his methods. At the ssune time, he made new accusations 
maintaining that collections amon^ policemen began to be made immediately ^ 
erfter Thompson's induction into office and his administration came into power. 
Cermak openly suggested that a sign with the inscription "Come Across" should 
be put above the doors of the City Hall. 

Among other things, Mr. Cermak said: "All I have to say in reply to Percy 
Coffin, the chairman of the Civil Service Commission, whose slogan is "Pay as 



no 



CO 

•V3 



I F 6 - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I F 5 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1915. 

You Enter,* is that he has mentioned not one single fact in support of his 
statement that I have tried to influence the decision of the comnission in 
the Ptacek case. 

"A few weeks ago, one of the theatrical companies playing downtown put over 

the entrance to the theater a sign saying *Come across'. Since that company ^ 

has now left town, I propose that the sign be secured and placed over the 5 

doors of the City Hedl. c: 

•'Yes, the slogan 'Come Across' is the chief characteristic of the Civil Service ^ 
Commission and the whole City Administration. o 

"You can read every day in the newspapers that somebody is trying to bribe S 
somebody else in order to be put on the list of those who have passed success- <-^ 
fully the civil service examination. There could be no buyers if such accomoda- 
tion were not on the market. 

"I should like to ask Chief of Police Healy whether the order 'Come Across' 



I F 6 - 3 - B0H5MIAIT 

I F 5 

IV Dennl Hlasatel. Dec. 29, 1915, 

had been sent to all members of the Police Department when the present admin- 
istration started, and whether the individual contributions were from fifty 
cents up. 

"It may help in refreshing the Police Chief's memory when I say that the 

avowed purpose of these 'voluntary* contributions was to boost the police ^ 

pension fund in Springfield. Three delegates went to Springfield with 5 

$10,000. jfliere did the money go? The old tale about lawyers' fees it is - 

impossible to use for two reasons: There are no receipts which would prove •" 

the payment of such fees, amd the City would have used its own lawyers if -u 

legal services had been necessary. ".Vhat has happened to all that money? o 

According to Deputy Chief of Police Schuettler, there is just a little over ^ 

$700 in the fund now. Where is the balance? It is hard to believe that it S 

could have been spent in Springfield by three men even if they had been liv- <^ 
ing on the very best the country can offer. And, something else: Did not 
the Fire Department 'Come Across' about the same time? 

"It has been said that Thompson has closed Chicago saloons on Sundays. I 



I F 6 - 3 - BOHSMIAIT 

I F 5 

IV Denni Hlasatel. Dec. 29, 1915. 

had been sent to all members of the Police Department when the present admin- 
istration started, and whether the individual contributions were from fifty 
cents up. 

"It may help in refreshing the Police Chief's memory when I say that the 

avowed purpose of these 'voluntary' contributions was to boost the police 5 

pension fund in Springfield. Three delegates went to Springfield with 5 

f 10, 000. ^ere did the money go? The old tale about lawyers' fees it is n 

impossible to use for two reasons: There are no receipts ?rtiich would prove ~ 

the payment of such fees, and the City would have used its own lawyers if ^ 

legal services had been necessary. '.Vhat has happened to all that money? o 

According to Deputy Chief of Police Schuettler, there is just a little over ^ 

$700 in the fund now. Where is the balance? It is hard to believe that it S 

could have been spent in Springfield by three men even if they had been liv- <~^ 
ing on the very best the coimtry can offer. And, something else: Did not 
the Fire Department 'Come Across' about the same time? 

"It has been said that Thompson has closed Chicago saloons on Sundays. I 



I F 6 - 4 - BOHSMIAN 

I F 5 

IV Dennl Elasatel . Dec. 29, 1915. 

challenge Percy Coffin or anybody he may appoint in his own stead, to acconpany 
me on a tour through Chicago next Sunday, or any other Sunday. I shall show 
Coffin or his representative more than a thousand saloons which are doing bet- 
ter business on Sunday than they ever did before Thompson closed the saloons." 

//hen all these accusations made by Vx, Cermak against the City Administration 

were repeated to Mayor Thompson, a violent attack on Cermak started rolling ^ 

off his lips, but he stopped dead in the middle of the sentence, thought for -. 

a while, and said: "The proper thing for Cermak to do would be for him to f^ 

make such statements under oath. If he does so, he will see a rapid and 

ample action. If he does not do so under oath as a public official, he may 

do so as a private citizen." 

CO 

Chief of Police Healey has explained that to help toward the passing of a law ^ 
beneficial to their pension fund much less than $10,000 has been collected 
among the policemen. Also, that not three, but nine or ten members of the 
Department went to Springfield, and that they made several trips to that city. 



so 
O 



I F 6 "^" - B0H3MIAN 

IF 5 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1915. 

He declared that he had no idea of keeping secret anything in connection with 
that matter because there was nothing in it that would have to be kept secret. 



■Si 



-o 

3D 

o 



I F 6 B0E3>a:AN 

II D 10 

Denni Hlasatel . July 27, 1915. 

PEIffiAPS IT .US NOT IN YAIN 

(Sditorial) 

-a 

Over one thousand human lives perished in the horrible catastrophe of the ^ 

"fiastland". They drowned in the immediate vicinity of the downto'.vn district, ^ 

close to the most crowded streets, right close to the shore full of people, ^ 

and next to large and small craft of all descriptions. Nobody ever thought 5 

that anything like that could happen, but here it is, a catastrophe on water ^- 

perhaps without eoual in its magnitude, one that surpasses the worst catas- cs 
trophes that ever happened in open seas far from any human help. How is it 
possible? How could it happen? 



crt 



Somebody, or some people, somehwere, must have done something that literally 
cries for vengeance. It may have been a case of criminal negligence, it may 
have been a case of paid omission in the performance of duties. State's 
Attorney Maclaj'' Hoyn, a man who has had so many sad experiences with Chicago 
policemen, the man who prosecutes them for being on the pay rolls of criminals 



I F 6 - 2 - BOHia^aAN 

II D 10 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 27, IS 15, 

who pay them for protection against the law and justice, has said that in ^ 
the case of the "ilastland , " also, it v;as bribery, craft, and inordinate de- ^ 
sire for profits that caused, or was responsible for, the terrible catastrophe. --^ 



-T3 

O 

CO 
\3 



In several places investigations have been started in order to find the real 
criminals and brinfC' them to justice. The Chicago public will not be satisfied 
this time with superficial measures v;hich, in the end, result in whitewashing 
the whole affair. The public is determined to demand a detailed, thorough in- 
vestigation that will spare no one -whether rich or poor, powerful or insignifi- D^ 
cant, who was in any vray responsible for the disaster, and it is determined 
upon relentless prosecution of the guilty and responsible persons until they 
receive the proper punishment. The public demands this partly as a matter of 
plain justice, partly as an atonement for the death of the multitude of j'^oung 
people, and partly in order that the customary taking of chances x:ith human 
lives because it means larger profits to promoters of business, owners of 
Questionable enterprises, and dishonest, fj;rafting public officials, may cease. 
If the death of all those who perished in the catastrophe should bring about 
an end to inefficiency, graft, profiteering, and dishonesty, their lives will 



I F 6 - 3 - BOHa^llAIT 

II D 10 

Denni Hlasatsl , July 27, 1915, 

not have been lost entirely in vain. 

Said Chief of Police Kealy about the catastrophe: "No doubt it was due to 
criminal negligence. Documents recovered by First Assistant Commissioner 
Schuetter are of the greatest importance." It is understood that these docu- 
ments shov.' that about one fourth of the people aboard the ship should, accord- 
ing to the ship captain's license, never have been admitted. g 



-■a 






Facts known so far v.-ould indicate that there are several groups of men viho are 
responsible, to a greater or lesser degree, for the existence of conditions ^ 
which resulted in the heartbreaking catastrophe. 

The catastrophe has brought sorrov; and despair into hundreds of faT.ilies, and 
our authorities must uroceed impartially, v;ithout any regard whatever to vihom 
they may find guilty. It is their duty to investigate all those concerned, 
from the ones high up to the hamblest employee. No matter whether the investi- 
gation affects the prestige of one or the Tjocketbook of another, the truth must 



I F 6 - 4 - BOHiJail^ 

II D 10 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 27, 1915. _ 

■n 
be found, and must be made known to the public, and used as the basis of relent-.^ 
less accounting with the guilty parties, and just as relentless punishment. fH 

-a 

so 
o 

CO 



I 



I ? 6 BOHaiJlAI^I 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel . Llay 14, 1915, 

LOOK AT OUR CITT ZA153RS 

(Editorial) 



2 






The neutrality of the officials of the city of Chicago and the meinbe3?s of i^ 
our City Council in matters concerning the sinking of the "Lusitania" is an ^ 
interesting example of what length ovir politicianc are willing to go in order ^ 
to make sure that they do not antagonize their German constituents. Their 
carofxilness and caution is so.niethi.ig to be marveled at. The Council has 
adopted a resolution of condolence expressing sorrow over the death of American 
citizens, but the perpetrators of this unparalleled crime are not mentioned 
at all, and the vjord "German" must have disappeared from the dictionary when 
this marvelous expression of the opinion of our city fathers was being formulated. 

Not only our aldermen, but other officer^^, politicians, and public employees 
are feeling terribly embarrassed. It is real fun to listen to their brilliant 
statements. Everyone of them, of course, admits that the loss of so many lives 



I g 6 - 2 - BOHBMLiU 

r G. 

Denni Hlasatel . May 14, 1915, ^ 

is a horrible misfortune, but, "er — ur-umph — you know, it is so difficult "^ 

to — ur-umph — ^well, you will see, the President will do the right thing about ^ 

it — ^why of course — yes, goodbye — " That is about what the leading officials -b 

and other prominent leaders of Chicago's civic life say and think about o 

the matter, and the common fellow can take his choice as to what he wants to co 

see in such expressions. The principal consideration, of course, is not S 

to make the German voters the least bit angry, ^ 



I F 6 B^^^AN 

17 3 

Deimi ELasatel . Nov, 26, 1914. 

IMPRACTICAL STAOS ADMIITISTBATIQN 

(Editorial) 

many conplaints are being voiced against the inefficiency of our city ad- »• 
ministration because the administration consists of various bodies, each of p 
which conducts its business independently, without regard to other similar ^ 
bodies. This method results in inefficiency and waste that would be eliminated -^ 
if all the functions of these groups were concentrated in the iiunicir^al Coun- 2 
cil. These complaints are not new. In fact, they have been discussed on many cx> 
occasions in the past, but we hardly ever hear such conplaints against the [^^ 
antiquated system of our state administration, which is just as bad, or worse. "* 
The taxpayers may not notice this waste, because the seat of the state adminis- 
tration is far away from them and therefore escapes the attention it should 
by right have..... 

During a long period of years our Springfield government has created a large 



I F 6 - 2 - BOffiUJAIT 

I F 3 

Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 26, 1914, 

number of councils and commissions in order to provide "soft" jobs for poll- ^ 
ticians to whom it had owed favors and upon whose favors it depends for re- ^ 
election. These coiomission.i spend money v;hich raiist be collected through ^ 
taxation, and it is again only the voter who pays. Hardly any session of the ?" 
legislature fails to appoint a nev; coimcil or a new commission. The Governor -m 
then appoints a number of commissioners, each of whom in turn appoints a s 
number of clerks and inspectors, whose main task seems to consist of collecting ^ 
their pay check every month. In addition to this, it frequently happens that S 
those v;ho are appointed on such commissions are no experts, as one should expect j*' 
but men fully unacquainted vjith the work they have been appointed to do. Just 
recently, these comments have been made about the State Agricultural Commission 
which, obviously, should consist mostly of farmers, but in v.'hich the leading 
members are men who have never had anything to do with fanning and therefore 
cannot be considered farming experts. 

But even this is not the principal fault of the system of commissions. Its 
main fault is the fact that there are too many of them. Vi'e now have 139 such 
commissions, and if notliir.g tvill be done about it the chances are that their 



I F 6 - 3 - B0H?3.rrA^J 

I F 3 

Denni ELaaatel . IIov, 26, 1914, 

nuEiber will continue to grow. Each of these coinaiosions has certain duties 
which it perfoms independently and v/ithout consideiration for other coomissions , 
departjients , or councils. Thus, frequently two or nore of them work at cross- 
purposes, one against the intentions of the other, or their work overlaps, ^ 
They maintain offices in Chicago, in opringfield, and perhaps in other places, 5 
and our public affairs are conducted in a v.-ay that could not be tolerated in >^ 
any private enterprise, unless it was purposely working toward bankruptcy. p 
Their methods cause the taxpayers unnecessary expense which could easily be '^ 
avoided if a more sensible system of state administration v/ere introduced, and ^ 
if several of the existing commissions would merge, and thus the work could be ^ 
properly centralized. This suggestion was discussed during the recent session S 
of the state legislature, and upon the initiative of Senator liaye, a special tr 
cominittee was appointed whose duty it is to study this question thoroughly and 
in the next session propose the best methods of changing and simplifying the 
whole system. One laember of this committee is Professor John A, Fairlie, of 
the University of Illinois, who is a student of questions involved in the con- 
templated change. After long deliberation, the committee agreed upon a proposal. 



I F 6 - 4 - BOH^^IKriAIT 

I F 3 

Dennl KLasatel . Nov. 25, 1914. 

according to which all the expensive commissions would be dissolved and all 
work concentrated in the hands of a fev; groups directly responsible to the 
governor. The proposal is particularly interesting because it recojiuaends the ^ 
establishment of a kind of Grovenior*s cabinet, somewhat on the order of the 5 
President's cabinet, along whose lines it is evidently patte3?ned. ISie governor ^, 
of our state would have a cabinet composed of several officers, or secretaries, p 
who would be entrusted wit": the various phases of government. These 7/ould bs: ^ 
Finance, education, charity, prisons and houses of correction, public works o 
and buildings, agricxilture, mines and v/orks, commerce and industry, elections, ^ 
justice, and military affairs. All together there would be, then, eleven depart- 15 
ments which would take over all the work now being done by the 139 commissions, «* 
as far as this system would be found in compliance with the state constitution. 
Ihe committee would propose, it is said, still more radical changes, but our 
present constitution makes them impractical. They vrauld be possible only after 
the adoption of certain constitutional amendments. [Uiis would involve most 
difficult and tedious proceeding at best, provided that the legislature could 



I F 6 - 5 - BOF^TAT J 

I F 3 

Denni Hlasatel . Nov, 26, 1914. 

be moved to permit such reforms. Hence, a change of the Illinois constitution 
appears almost impossible. In other states of the Union, constitutional 
conventions are being called which adopt amendments that make their constitutions 
more up-to-date, but something of that kind is inconceivable as far as Spring- 
field is concerned. Therefore, it woxild be hopeless to expect anything more % 
radical than a cabinet of eleven members, or eleven departments, which would ^ 
take over the work of all existing commissions. f^ 

Nobody doubts that such a change would be most profitable. The state adminis- "5 
tration woxild be put on something more of business basis, which would mean large^ 
savings. The state administration now has many offices in Chicago only, with '^ 
a large number of clerks and other employees; its business is chopped up Into 
so many pieces that it is impossible to expect that it could be conducted proper-' 
ly. Very little is accomplished, and what is done is not done v?ell, although the 
machinery costs a great deal of money. In addition to all this, there is nobody 
who would be responsible for the vrork that should be done. According to the 
above-mentioned proposal, all work would be simplified, and the head of each 



ro 



I F 6 - 6 - 30HTIMIAN 

I F 3 

Denni ELaaatel . Nov. 26, 1914, 

^ 

department would have to account to the governor for all of his actions. ^ 
The public realizes the need for reform, but that does not yet mean that ^ 
a reform will be made. Our voters should see to it that such elements in our ^ 
legislature that are favorable to reforms are encouraged and forced to action ^ 
by all means that are at their disposal, "— 

cr> 

cr 



3> 



I F 6 BCHSg^M 

ID la 

I D 2 a (2) Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 1, 1^10. 

IV 

rv ( Jewish) 

BCHSinAK COKGr-liiSEUAi; r.. J. S^.ATH VS'. FLD. JUrGS 

P. £. GRCSSCUP. V;i.SHIKGTCN D. C. lim. 3I, I9IO 

P.3» Col.3--Congressman A. J. Sab&th has proposed u resolution today, which 
if passed may have u far reaching affect. It is believer to be aimed at 
Federal Judge p. ?. Grosicup and his associates. 

The resolutior: requests investigation and the follov.-ing information. r- 

1. The full amount, which has been paid to, judges, clerks, lav;yers and o 
other Federal employees, in uddition to their regular salary, during the ' 
past four yeL,rs. S 

2. Giving the names and amounts individually. *<* 

3. Also the- names of all persons v/ho were appointea oy tae Federal Court 
to act as Public Administrators during the same period. 

It is said that this resolution was first suggested to, or requested of 
I^r. Sabath by the labor unions, who knew him to be the proper man to see, 
if their resolution was to get the proper support in Congress. It is al- 



I F 6 • - 2 - 3CH2:.:lAN 

IV 

y.emii 'Ilasa telt Apr. 1, I9IO. 

so knovm that Federal Judge Grosscup is an enemy of the labor unions. 

This resolution rei''ers chiefly to the affairs cf the Chicago street Rail- 
ways and t.he fact that Jud£;e Gross cup has taken over the full control of 
the Co.T.pany's claim of banicruptcy includiri^ all otr.er dealings involving it. -o 

Furt'.^er it i-tates that the Receiver of the Company, "r. canpsell, is rela- p 
ted to Judge Groe; cup and is also his business associate in various busi- . "i;^ 
ness enterprises. g 

CO 

The street Railway Co. has a capital of more than one hundred million o 
dollars in receivership and '.^r. Fampsell could have easily appropriated, \^ 
by graft, enorinous suns of monsy. The investigation of the proposed reso- 
lution would uncover all these unlav.i'ul dealings una the outcor.e in turn 
v/ould play an important part in the coming congressional campaign. 

This resolution has long been under consideration and may soon benome a 
lav;, v/hereby the Federal Judges, will lose the authority in this particu- 
lar phase of business. 



I F 6 -3- B0H5:.:i>>N 

IV 

Deni-.i Hlasatel , Apr. 1, 191C. 

The labor unions are supporting this resolution and proniise to do their 
utmost tov.'urd its beconiing; a lav;. 

President Taft hac tried to pass a siniliar resolution in this session 
of Con£"ress but as yet has been unsuccessful. 



3e 



r 

r— 

c 

CO 

cr 



I F 6 
I F 3 
I F 4 



•BCiiJI.:iAK 



renni Illasatel . June 27. 1903 . 

NO Pi^ci FOR r_fcrm:ihs ai:okg bcHo::i;-.K£ 




p.4--'Ve have v/ith us ."nany reformers, but their v.'ork does not meet with 
much success. The reason for this is that people do not take much stock 
in the sincerity of their uplifting: exhortations. Their activities com- 
prise the suppression of "boodle, " the exposure of scandals, and crusades 
against "frrafters." They conduct Ihis 'agitation to satisfy their ov.-n po- 
litical ambitions, hoping to get publicity and recognition at the next 
election. As soon as they attain pov/cr, they prove to be no whii; betteri 
or only a little better, than thoce v/hose defeat has helped them to succeed, 
The name of reformer has of late acquired- a more unsavory connotation than 
that of professional politician. 



I y 6 

I c 



Dennl.Hlasatel , Pet. 2, 1904, p. 
/^LAST AND CORRUPTIOlf^ 



BCHEl/JAN 



We have a habit of picturing Chicago as a Sodom and Gomorrah a place where 
everything is of the worst. Our people believe that now where else on earth 
do they have streets in such disorder, or such careless and corrupt officials, 
and nowhere else is the police force so inefficient, and scoundrels so ntimerous 
and bold. If the people in other cities were as candid and critical of their 
local government as we are, we would learn, that in many respects they are 
worse off than we. In the "Cream City," charming Milwaukee, the grand jury has 
just Indicted sixty-five county commissioners and city officials, past and 
present. 'I'hat such corruption reigned in Milwaukee, the world was oblivicu.s 
because Milwatikeeans do not boast about or publicize their shortcomings. 





I ^ 6 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 6, 1901. BOHE:.aM 

I P 1 

/citizens DISC0URAGT5D BBCATTSE OT DISHONEST OWZClAls/ 

All respectable citizens realize that it is about time for new and health- 
ier conditions to commence in oiir political life. It is sad when citizens 
go to the polls and one says to the other: "They all steal there, why- 
then, shouldn't we send a Bohemian so fnat he could take something?" 

During the last campaign and those previous to it, this was heard many 
times. From this it can be seen that the citizens have had bitter experi- 
ences and expect nothing else from their representatives, other than that 
they will steal at every opportunity presenting itself to them. The 
people have become skeptical; they do not believe any promises, and the only 
reason why they attend elections is that they wish to express their personal 
nationalistic or partisan inclinations. Whether the candidate is capable 
of benefiting the ward or the city is something of which very few voters 
think. Interest in public affairs is vanishing. The citizens realize that 
officials in their offices think first of their own personal aims and the 
advancement of their personal advantpges; therefore, it is not to be wondered 
at that the people do not believe in politics or in the politicians when 
they are promising something. 



I F 6 - 2 - EOKEMIM 

I F 1 . 




It is imperptive that this ill-omened condition "be "brought to an end. 
Towards this end all honorable citizens must \inite» Various political 
leaders, regardless of party lines, must work towards this end. In oiir 
opinion, we should follow the European custom in such matters, VTnere our 
elected officials do not think of the voters, except when the;'' a^ain sepk 
their votes, in Austria for instance, a represent? tive or other elected 
official must from time to time render sm account of his actions to the 
voters, listen to their requests, and endeavor to comply with them, TTe 
think tb^.t something of the kind among us would not hurt. Interest in pu"b- 
lic matters would increase, the voters would learn how to recognize the 
capabilities of their representatives and would, accordingly, either respect 
or repudiate then. Public officials would not then be looked upon as 
selfish destroyers of public interests, but as the actual representatives 
of the interests of the majority of voters. 



LiL§ Svornost . Apr. 2, 1898. E0HSMIAI7 

I F 3 






^DatAND CilNDIDATES OPPOSE THE jBlFTT FRANCHISE/ \^.'" "feV 




D 1 



A few sincere words to Bohemian voters of Chicago: The coming period of the 
new elections to the City Council moves me to address to the voters of our own 
nationality a few sincere words - not as a pcrtisan, but as an honorably minded 
citizen who sees with sorrow how all r.orals decline among us in regard to poli- 
tics. 

I have watched closely, until the present time, how the vrrious candidates 
seek the confidence and votes of their constituents, but I have not found one 
who would touch on the main subjects which are being contested at this coming 
election or would make a positive declaration about them. 

In the last legislature the so-called Allen Law was passed, which empowers 
the City of Chicffo to give privileges to street railways and other concerns; 
not, as previously, from one to twenty years, but from one to fifty years. 
As is known, the honest and sincere elements of the local citizenry have worked 
hard, with Mayor Harrison as leader, to defeat this proposition, so that it 
would be impossible for future City Councils to lengthen such privileges. 
But the influence of the corporations concerned was able to overcome the 



I P 6 - 2 - • BOHEMIA:: 



Svornost, April 2, 1898, fi ,..y^ ^;1 

endeavors of our msyor anri this dangerous proposition ■becsme a law. -^^ y 

Tnat is more natural then that the cori^upt elements, who were able by dis- 
honorable TTiethoQS to make the legislature do their biorin^, should now concen- 
trate all their efforts to have e more f-voreble ms.iority elected to the City 
Council and enable this pbominrble Allen Law to have unobstructed passage? 
They have the Ipw - it certainly cost them pn enormo-js sxiin, therefore, they 
are now trying- tc h^ve the bribed majority of the City Council put this law 
into practice; that is at the errliest op^ortiinity - to turn over our streets 
not for a new ten or twenty year ppriod but immediately for the entire fifty 
ye?rs and thereby enslave our city for the entire fifty years to their despotic 
extortion. 

Would you Eohenian fellow citizens want to allow this to 'rx&r^r^Qn by voting* into 
the City Council people who are probably nominated for jur-t such a purpose? 
I believe and hope that such is not the wish of any one of us and 'therefore I 
propose that safe^ruards be provided at this time as follows: 

Have each of the candidates from whichever ward who are presented to you for 



I F 6 - 3 - bche:.:ia:: 



TT- 




Svornost , April 2, 1898. 

election, give you ;^n oral or written declpration thrt, on his honor, he will 
not vote for any proposition which in any manner would make this ruinous Allen 
Law effective in Chice^o; that, in fact, he will never vote in our City Council 
for giving street privileges to anybody imder whatever pretext, for more than 
twenty or twenty-five yeers at the most. 

Let us hs-ve as a watch word at this yerr's election the following: No one shall 
receive our vote who does not fulfill these requirements, and anyone of the 
elected who betrays this trust v^ill be covered with shame and be rejected in 
the future by his constituents. 



I F 6 BOHMIAN 

II E 1 

I C Svornost . April 2, 1884. 

DEFEAT ON THE VJHOLE LINE; DREADFUL EIECTORAL FIGHT; 
EIECTORAL SWINDI£ CARRIED OUT TO THE ETTREME 

We expect that this time the electoral fight would be dreadful, but it ^ 

exceeded all our expectations. A bunch of crooks in the City Council were ^ 

entirely victorious again, thanks to the indifference of the citizens and L, 

to the electoral swindles perpetrated by this City Council gang. None of 

our candidates won, on the contrary, they were defeated by such an inmense 

number of votes that it seemed almost incredible. It is supposed that ,^ 

those men who have succeeded in being re-elected were prepared for a 

severe fight. That's why their whole electoral machinery was already started 

in the morning working with full steam throughout the day. 

It seemed in the 8th Ward that Lawler had entire gangs of criminal characters 
at his disposal. These gangs acted in such an impudent and challenging way 
that honest citizens were almost afraid to approach the electoral boxes* 
Drunken young Irishmen were to be seen everywhere threatening every voter 



-o 

O 



>o 



I F 6 - 2 - BOffKMIAN 

II E 1 

I C Svornost . April 2, 1884. 

that appeared to be against the corrupt interests. But these gangs were not 
only composed of Irish youth. V/e saw among them some mischievous Bohemian 
boys who faced the Bohemian citizens in a more insolent way than the Irish them- 
selves. 



It was different in the 8th ward, especially in the precinct at the corner 
of Clinton and De Koven streets, where fights were almost uninterrupted. Here 
was assembled the most vicious mob, which we have ever seen. In many cases 
our voters were obliged to run away from the polls, otherwise they would have 
been injured by one or more of the Irish hoodlums who had absolute control of 
this precinct. Everyone who attempted to resist them at the polls went home 
with some form of bodily injury. 






In the 6th ward, where the precincts are more densely populated, the Bohemians C 

acted valiantly, and many Irish blackguards were sent home with light injuries. ^ 

There were places where the Bohemian voters did not dare to show up without 3 

their risking the possibility of bodily injury at the hands of Cullerton's ^ 

drunks. Generally speaking our countrymen behaved themselves with dignity. ^ 



tj* 



:« 
^ 



I g 6 - 3 - BQEIEMIAN 

II E 1 
I C Svornost, April 2, 1884. 

Ant, Pregler, who the day before had made in Bohemian-American Sokol Hall 

a speech against the candidate, Lawler, paid also for his boldness. Some one 

of our countrjrmen must have informed the Irishmen about it, and an aimed 

Irishman wounded A. Pregler on his hand. Tomas Bilek was the only one who '^ 

proved that even a tough Irishman can be defeated by an old Bohemieui Sokol. C 

Being attacked by one of the Irishmen, Bilek threw him instantly to the ^ 

ground and right into a small pool of mud. All these single Incidents were S 

only a preliminary start of the general battle irtiich was to be finished in ^ 

the Jurka saloon. Many on both sides were wounded and sent home for first aid. 

About the policemen? They favored the Irishmen. 

We have described all these abuses to show to the readers how electoral 
competition is conducted by the other party, which exerted all its efforts 
to make the polling places as dangerous as possible to citizens who wanted to 
vote against them. 

• 

It is no wonder that a large number of Bohemisins did not avail themselves 






I F 6 - 4 - BCTQSMIAN 

II E 1 

I C Svomoat . April 2, 1884. 

Of the opportunity to vote. The corrupt elements in our city will always be 
victorious until we do something to bring about a condition that will enable 
our citizens to vote freely and fearlessly. 



-o 



The Bohemian traitors. The mentioned events are not the only ones which helped "^^ 

the corrupt elements to victory in the 8th ward. Vie must say with shame that ^ 

some of our own countrymen also helped. Some of these were businessmen, -o 

dependent on Bohemian customers. They publicly agitated in favor of Lawler, o 

distributing pamphlets encouraging Bohemians to vote for Lawler. These business- :^ 

men sold their true conviction for a few paltry dollars. These people were not S 



^-j 



only traitors to their countrymen but a disgrace to the honor of our Bohemian ^ 
race. They worked for a corrupt Lawler against an honest Bohemian, Kaspar. 

If an Irishman behaved himself the same way as these Bohemians did toweurds a 
countryman, you may be sure that the Irish countr3nnan would remember it to the 
end of his life. But we are more tolerant, that's why the impudence of these 
traitors amongst us has no limits. If an Irish-Bohemian youth had been guilty 



2 



I F 6 - 5 - BQEISMIAN 

II E 1 
I C Svomoat , April 2, 1884. 

of this kind of perfidy we would not have been surprised, but this was done 

by Bohemians whom we had respected until novj, who should have taken into 

consideration the value of the friendship of their countrymen. We really 

do not know what to think about them. Such traitors are the major cause of ^ 

the defeat of honest Bohemian candidates, and the instruments of victory for ^ 

the corrupt element. ^ 

They succeeded and the Bohemian citizens will be very thankful to them, because -^ 
all citizens of the 8th ward kno?; very well who they aro, ^ 



I F 6 B0HEVJAI7 

SVOHKOST . April 23rd. 1279. 

^WAMTED CANDIDATES WITH MONE^ 

That the lest T)rpsid^'nti?l el'^ction wns a scoundrelly and thievish e,ff??ir is 
known lay every citizen, for the Republicans proved that the DeiDocrcts v.-anted to 
elect Tilden to help along with thievery, "bribery and scoundrelismj on the othf^r 
hand the Democtats t)roved for the Reoublicsns the same things in regard to the 
occupancy of the White House by Hayes, The question now before both Ber)ublic?n and 
Democratic parties is how to prepare for the coning elections in order to insure 
victory for themselves, and for their wor': to be rjlaced in the rich troughs of 
government office, where it is not necessary to do enything except take money, 
brag about oneself and steal so much as oossible. ITeither nnrty gives any thought 
about £n honorable triumph and en honest goverr-ment, openly or secretly. We read 
how both parties are preparing for the coming elections. The Democr'rtic "New York 
Express" write about it as follows, "Tilden is very wealthy, has no faiily and can 
devote a million dollars to become President; and the Democratic party, which has 
no patronage snd no money resources like the Republican party where every office 
holder must contribute financially, must have a rich candidate who will not be 
miserly with the dollcr. This reasoning is not ordinarily published in newspapers 
but is discussed privately. 






Page 2. 

I F 6 BOHEIvllAlT 

■ ^ SVORICOST. A^^rll 23rd, 1379. 

Whet would the founders of our rer^ublic think if they could know of the pre- 
parations being made for the presir'ential election. Imagine for y ourself a grort 
nation&l p^rty con-ng "before it? voters with this, "Can we not find an honorahle 
capable- crndidate who ^an afford to spend some tin millions for election Tjur-ooses?" 

What the Democrats do on one side the Re'OulDlicr-ns duTDlicate on the other side. 
Money is appropriated and. all oth«r conditions ere side trrcked. 

Ohl where are we going? 




I F 6 BCHElftlAN ' 

' ■ I" ' ' ' 

SVOI'iTOST. April 1st, 1375. 

An Important Day in Chicago, 

To-day is indeed o "big day in Chicci^o, the like of which, for inrportrnce and signi- 
ficance, has never iDefore occurred in its history. Yes, rnd for us Boheraiajis living 
here, this day surely is also very significant. Politics here has "become almost 
sltogetner r.n occuuftion of the most dishonorable wretches among the tdcotdIc. 

Whoever applies himself to :jolitics is forced down to the lowest degree of contempt 
and degradation, for it seens thr-t oolitics can not counten3.nre an honoralale man whe- 
ther he "be Republican or Democrat, 

The more corrupt a merabpr of these "ooliticel -oarties was, the more influence he 
had. He knew the vr.rious methods for obtcdning money with which to buy votes and 
oower for himself. 

Thievery of all sorts could be accomplished at Elections, any knave could be elected, 
and as it so often hapr)en?d, the biggest scoundrels were generally elected into the 



Page ?. 



SVCHIICST. At)ril 1st, 1379, 






most honorctle T)ositions and Tirofitatle offices. These offices they then condiicted 
in accordanc-^ with th^ir corru-ot chrr^icters. No honoralDle ranr, could "be induced to 
mingle with this rjolitical riff-raff in ord«r to work with them to attain some office. 
Everyone is? ashamed of this disgraceful condition and it so haonens that among all 
the politicians pnd office holders in Chicago, nnu there are mcny of them, it is 
imnossihle even at high noon and with the aid of Diogenes* Lpmp to find an honorable 
Elan, in fe.ctone steals more than the other-one is more deceitful than the othf^r- 
and the thieves are n'^ver "brought to justice. 

This is the kind of examtjle honorable citizens had before then, they sew it in all 
leaders- in all officials- What kind of citizens oould they be? Conditions gradually 
becaine worse year after year, TiTien the Republic'in oerty was in "oower they stole. 
T/hen th' citizenry took notice and ousted them by electing Democrats, the Democrats 
did more stealing then their predecessors. The citizenry finally discs rded both the 
parties oy electing the so-called People' s Party only to find the same br^jid of politi- 
cians. 



Page 3. 

SYORI^^OST. A-^iil 1st, 1379. ^^A (ILL) PKUJ. 302/*) 

They were no "better than either the Heoublicans or Democrats and. the thieving 
continued. 

Law abiding citizens, whether they had anything or not, were forced to -oay for all 
this and to carry an iimaense "oMrden, In no way were they ahle to a.ccora-olish any re- 
forme- so that they might have some relief from these excessive "burdens. 

The Political -narties in Chicago treir.'ble to-doy "before the Socinlists, "before the 
poor, "before the workingmen. They trem"ble, not with feat that th"se citizens will 
come on the morrow with clu"bs to "break windows cjid to pillage stores, "but "because 
hence forth no matter how few Socialists are elected they must stop their nefarious 
practices. They know that their trickery will be exr)Osed, timt they will be watched 
and will not have free reign as they T?reviously had. They fear the honesty and 
sincerity which will replace their dishonesty and insincerity. With honesty these old 
politicians wont get far; it would hardly pay them to have themselves elected. Honest 
citi7.ens to workl One for all and all for one. To-day we will do our duty and we 
will continue to wor': until honesty and justice shall prevail throughout the land. 




I F 6 
' I D 1 a ■ ' 

. I F 1 ^ BOHHlvilAIT 

': I F 3 

IE- SVOaiTOST. M arch 31. 1879. 

BiiFCJRii THS BATTLiB. 

We atand today on the threshold of an imoortant decision, whether our evil city 
government is to be continued; are we again to "be surrendered to T)illage "by rapacious 
officeseekers end their numerous henchman or will we place in offic- honest responsiHe 
men, men of action, men, enthusiastic for the general welfare? 

Citizens there are four -oarties with full lists of c&Jididctes and you have 
plenty of matnri&l to choose from for the various of"^ices. Republicans, Deraocrsts, 
Socialists and Green"baok?>rs come before you with th^ir candidates asking for your 
sup-nort, promising more or less imDortant things. Let us see however what haurjens to • 
these preelection -Dronises. Are they fulfilled? We -answer, '^o far as the main issues 
are concerned, n^ver. Did not tne Republicans and Democrats T)romise you before each 
elrction, mountains and dales, did not tney have mouths full of reform, did not they 
promise you, workingmen, that they would look after your needs, your interests? 
Row did it turn out after election? It is needless to dwell upon for every child 
knows they ker>t none of their t)roraiGeB. They were concerned only with their own 



f 



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V' 



B0II2I.^IAN 






SV0RII05T . Klarch 31st, ISTP. 



interests find those of the rich city plundering tniTslic utility coimoanies. Many msy 
©"bject thct a Socialist once elected rp.y wdrk otherwise, but previous e^n^erience 
and the sound elements from which the Socialist Lcbor Perty is formed absolutely 
expel this thought. 

Our rer)resent?-tives in the State Le^-islature work in the interests of the working 
class and failing to rrhieve my ;ipparpnt success, who is to blame for this- if not 
these Re-Dublicans and Democrats? In the city council we have so far only one 
representative of the Socialist Party, Citizen fr. Stauber, and this representative 
of ours enjoys the confidence of all honorable citizens of Chicago. It was he that 
fought for the establishment of new schools, re;-:^ing-rooms, Toublic baths, and sewers 
in those districts of the city inhabited by the poorer classes of our citizens. 
He fought for the lirhting and cleaning of str^^ets in the neighborhoods pebpled 
by working men. He endeavored to bring to the poor rieople, the sejre privileges 
which the rich tax dodgers enjoyed. Citizen Stauber worked sincerely and honorably 
and if he failed to ena.ct our rightful demands, who again is to blame if not the 




f 



• -• 



^^^y B0H3:.{IAII 

SV05II0ST. March "'Ist, 1S79. 



Rep-ulDlicans sjid Democrats, these peonle who laefore election promised us endless re- 
forms; then those, who "believing the oromises of these eharpers, elected then inste-^d 
of honest socialists who are in syE-oathy with us. If re said nothing In "behnlf of 
our representative there would still remain one circr^mstance viiich assxires hin the 
grateful rpnenbrance of all honora.ble taxpayers, and that is the conservation of over- 
payments in the amount of $300,000 on which the city accountant wrs drawing interest. 

O'lr officials have shown theitiselves to he honorable end v/ould to &od they remain 
so. Partly resr)onsi"ble for this is the fact thr-t our candidates must agree to re- 
si/rn from office if the electorate desires it. Any one who wishes the reforms as 
shovm in our principles should vote the Socialist ticket. He who wishes to sunport 
dishonesty, destructiveness ?ncl thievery should vote -^or the old -narties, "but should 
not moan afterward that he is "being ro"bhed. 

Our Ballot 
For Mayor — Ernest Schmi.-'t; for City Treasurt-i- — Fr. A. Stau'ber; for City Attorney- 
Harry Ru"bens: for City Clerk — Benjamin Sihley; For Aldermen — 1st Ward-Nicolai H. 
Jorgensen; £nd Ward— George A. Schilling; 3rd Ward— H. L. Hull; Uth Ward— Louis Huth- 
5th Ward— T. J. Morgan; 




SVO?JTOST. March 31st, 1379 

6th Ward— J. J.. Altpeter; 7th Ward— Framk Bielefeldt; 8th Ward— Henry Stahl; 9th Ward 
S. R. Rratt; 10th Ward— Ro"bert Beck; 11th Ward — H-arry Johnson; 12th Ward — Mai Zelle; 
13th. Ward — George Braun; l^^th Ward — Reinhold Lorenz; 15th Ward-John Feltes: l6th Ward- 
Christian Meier; 17th Ward — Jsnes Lyrji; 13th Ward— D. V&n Devanter, 

North Tovra Of icers. 
Assessor — J. C. Warner; Collector—Theo A. Schwennesen; Cl^rk— John Soller; SuT^ert'lsor 
P. Mc Padden; 

Sonth Tovm Officers 

Assessor — John Paulsen; Collector — ^Henry Schmidt; Clerk — T. P. S. l>usey; Supervisor 
Tom Ryan. 

» 

West Town Officers. 
Assessor— 0; A. Bishop; Coll' ctor —Daniel Sullivan; Clerk— Jaco"b Dilg; Supervisor- 
Martin Baumrucker, 



I -p G BOHEKIAH 

Svornost, Feoruary 17th, 1$79« 

^DIVBSTIGATE STATEMENT IN CHICAGO VKSTN^" 

A meeting called "by the Bohemian Section of the Socialist LalDor Party was held in 
'tzechs" Hall on Fe"br'jary l6th. The puriDOse of the meeting was to arrive at the trutii 
of the statements tni"bliehed in "The Chicago Vestnik" (Advertiser) against the Honorabi 
L. Meilhek (ReDresentative of the Lahor Party) that he has sold out to the Re-Duolican 
Party. More tnan 600 uersons were present. Citizen M. Baumruker opened the meeting 
at 3:00 P. M. with an explanation of its puroose, that is, that the "Chicago Vestnik" 
puhlished an article claiirdng that our Bohemian representative is bought out "by the 
Republican Party ajid must dance as tney whistle. 

The Labor Party wishing to have honorable Representation wants the charges against 
Rep, Meilbek either proved or disproved. Consequently the publisher of "Chicago 
Vestiik" has been invited *o be present and to sustain the charges. 

The chairman then invited the publisher, Mr. Langmayer to take the floor and 
prove his charges. Mr. Langmayer was not present, Mr, K, Tuma thereon spoke saying 



Page 3. 

Svornost . Fetirifi-ry 17th, 1S79. 

tiiat Mr. Langmayer received no invitation to "be present. Citizen Belohradsky then' 
read from the last issue of "Chicago Vestnik" an erticle telling of Mr. Belohradsky's 
visit to that t)a"Der o^,d tne.t he deliv^r'^d the resolution rpque sting Mr. Langmayer' s 
presence, therelDy proving Mr. Turaa' s contention a falsehood. 

The Chairman then introduced several speakers. The meeting was brought to a 
close at about 10 P. M. 




I ? 6 BOHBMIAN 

IV 

SVOMOST . Chicago, 20th, November, ISyS. ' . 

Honesty and Rectitude of the Election Judges in recent Election, 

It is evident according to the official canvass of vote?, that many election 
judges committed punishable offenses. For instance the official canvas of votes gives 
Citizen Meil"bek 7OO6 instead of ''200 as turned in by election judges. The election 
Commissioners left it up to Mr. Meilbek whether he will Drosecute the offending judges. 
According to law this offense is punishable by a fine of One Thousand Dollars and two 
years imprisonment. 




I. ATTITUDES 
G. War 



•III D 

Denr.l j:iar,atel, I.ar. 21, ldP.2, 

" ■ (iJditorial) 

The County Board of Cortiiscioiiers vn.ll, in the next fev; days, publish a 
list of soldiers v/]:o laid dcuTi their livea for .j.iericu in the Civil, 
3pani3h-:j.ierio.",n, and ..'orlu ..'r.rs, ..s tliis list v/ill supposedly be a con- 
plete one, v;e advise our count rir.:ien, \iho are relatives or parents of these, 
our heroes, to see to it that all C^echoslovu-c najnes be actually'- included 
in it. 

..11 that in necessary,'' is to send tlie na:r.e anl .'^lilitar:.'' reco3?d of the i.ian 
in question to Captain Levis v;ho is compiling: tlie list. He v.ishes the list 
to be as corj.iletc as possible. 



5 






CI 



/( 



I G BQiraMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 26, 1921. 

THE PfiAGE CONFERENCE 

It is only a short tiiae until the conference fT'.m which peace and diaaimainent 
are expected. The world will be looicinf^ to Washington during the cor?ing 
weeks to see whether the star will rise there that will announce the happy 
news that permanent peace is born and that the time has come when people vail 
be able to devote all their efforts to self-improvement and the pursuit of 
happiness. But those who have such hopes will probably be btdly disappointed. 
There will be many speeches in Washiiijton — perhaps most beautiful soeeches — 
many resolutions will be passed — also beautiful ones but all that will have 
no effect upon the development of future world events. Europe will continue g 
to resemble a huge military camp. The United States will go on with her ^ 
preparations for the final clash with Japan in the matter of interests in g 
the Far East. In other words, things will remain as they have been. The cr 
League of Nations cannot bring about peace in Europe, cannot regulate conditions 
there, and what the League is unable to do will not be achieved by the Washington 
conference in spite of the fact that the United States, in the position of world 



3> 



-X3 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 26, 1921. 

creditor, is more powerful than the Lea^^ue itself. The best the United 
States c-^.a hope for is that many promises v/ill be made, but It will again 
learn that promises mean nothing at all, not only in the life of individuals 
but also in the life of nations, and that nations also do only that to which 
they are compelled by physical force. 






so 

o 

CO 

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I G BOHEhlLAK 

III H 

Dannl Hlasatel , Dec, 11, 1920. 

AN APPEAL TO OUR COUNTRYMEIN FROM ZAHOftANY AND VICINriY 

Just recently Mrs, J. Lazansky, 2644 South Spaulding Avenue, received a 
eoramunication from Mr. Jan Vdla, a former resident of Chicago now residing at 
Zahofany, Czechoslovakia. In his conmunication Mr. V£la appeals to our 
countrymen from Zahofany and vicinity, and is asking them to contribute to 
the fund for the erection of a monument in honor of soldiers who lost their ^ 
lives in action. A special committee already has been appointed over there, 
and is endeavoring to provide the means for the erection of the monument. 
The chairman of this committee is the mayor of Zahofany, Mr. Alois Hubicka; 
the secretary is Mr. Jan V^a; other members of the committee are Messrs. Q 
Theodore Paukner and Stanislav Kostka. The comBd.ttee has already begun its o^ 
work and hopes that American countrymen of Zahofany and vicinity will con- C::^ 
tribute toward the realization of this project..... 

Hose of our countrymen who would be willing to contribute toward the fund 
for the erection of this monument, with emy amount whatsoever, are requested 
to send their contributions to the following address: J. La2ansk^, 2644 South 
Spaulding Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. 



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fji 



IV 

lY (Jewish) Deiml Hlasetel , Oct. 19, 1920. 

POLITICAL MATTERS 

It seems that at last citizens of BoheHiian origin are beginning to be interest- 
ed in a question which is the most important one of the whole present political ^ 
campaign. They are trying to learn the truth about the Leafrue of ^''ations, they 2 
want to know all about the Versailles Treaty, and they wish to find out defi- ^i 
nitely which is right, the Democrat who favors the League, or the Republican !-- 
who repudiates It. ^ 

7X3 

C3 

That the interest in this question, which is of such importance, especially ^ 
for us Czechoslovaks, is growing, was proved last evening at a consultation ^ 
meeting held at the Pilsen Park pavilion for the purpose of arousing interest ^ 
in the League of Nations, The meeting was well attended and sincere enthusiasm 
prevailed. Ambassador Karel Vopicka presided. The speakers were Congressman 
Adolph J. Sabath, State Representative Joseph Placek, Reverend Frantisek 
Jedlicka, lir, Joseph Kralicek, Mr. Felix Janovsky, and Alderman Anton J. Cermak. 
All the speakers demonstrated why the Czechoslovak voters, either as American 



I G - 2 - BOiEg:iArj 

IV 

IV (Jewish) Dennl Hleaatel . Oct. 19, 1920. 

citizens or as sons and daughters of the Czechoslovak nation, should make eveiy 
effort to brinf about ratification of the Lea(?ue of ITations by the United States, 
so that the League can begin performing its useful function. No special in- ^ 
terest in it was evident among us up to the present time, but the indifference ^ 
is rapidly disappearing. o: 

I — 
That our people are fully awakened, and that they know where their place is and ^ 
where their interests lie, will be proved tomorrow evening. At the meeting to § 
be held tomorrow at 8 P. V, in the Bohemian-American Hall, competent speakers ^ 
will explain what the League of Nations is, what the enactments of the Versailles ^ 
Treaty are in regard to the League of Nations, the benefits derived from it, c^ 
and the inevitable consequences if the League is not ratified by America, and 
cannot perform its function properly. 

^!r. Karel Vopicka, Congressman A. J. Sabath, Reverend Jedlicka, llr, Frana Klepal, 
and Mr. Andrej Sustek will be the speakers. 







1 c 



BOHEfvIIAN 



The Czecnosloval-: Review , Vol. 15 , No. 6, p. 175, J\iiae, 1919. 
/LIBERTY LOAN DRIVeT" 

It would be interesting it the lorei^n language branch of the Liderty Loan 
organization of the Treasury Department could give figures showing how 
well the different foreign siDeaking groups in the United States did their 
duty in the last loan campaign. The Czechoslovaks felt confident that 
their race would come out as well as it did in Chicago, where there was 
keen rivalry between the various groups. 




The results are as follows :- 



Number in Chicago 



Total SuDscribed 



Czechoslovaks 

Poles 

Germans 

Greeks 

Italians 

Swedes 



102,749 
231,346 
399.977 
8,621 
108,160 
118,533 



$1,328,200.00 
1,040,550.00 
602.050.00 
584,200.00 
425.850.00 
302,700.00 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

II D 10 

I j^ 1 a Tne Czechoslovak: Review , Vol. Ill, No. 2, p. 36, Feb., 1919. 

Ill n 

IV MERICAN CZECHOSLOVAK jsOAHD 

The executive committee of the American Czechoslovak Board met in 
Chicago, Jan. 18th. Secretary Vojta Jenes announced that the Bohemian 
National Alliance had sent one million francs to Paris to be employed 
for the relief of war suffering in xiohemia. 

Among the actions "caken at this meeting was the decision to send a 
delegation of six Czechs and six Slovaks to Czechoslovakia as early 
as possible. One of the matters to oe taken up by this commission is 
the exchange of students between America and Bohemia. 




I G BOH]T>TTAN 

II D 10 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct, 23, 1918. 

ACTIVITIES 0? OUR AID SOOIiLTISS 

In the convention held by the League of Aid Societies of the State of 
Illinois, IJr. John L. Novak, president of the Czech section, made a speech 
which gives an accurate account of the activities of our aid societies. 



i 



o 



CO 

There are 130 Czech aid societies, 108 of xvhich are League members. They ^ 
pay their dues quite regularly. Very few of the societies are requesting cr 
loans, as there is not much money available. Most of the surplus is being 
invested in Liberty bonds. The Czechoslovaks have done their duty in this 
respect, and are going to continue to do so. They have also contributed most 
liberally to the Red Cross 

An outline of Czech history follows. The splendid successes of the Czecho- 
slovak Array in France and Russia and on the Italian front are given due 
prominence 



V I_G - 2 - BOHaylliiN 

II D 10 

Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 23, 1918. 






Czechosloveks in the United States subscribed ^0,000,000 to the first three 
Liberty loans. This amount will be substantially increased in the campaign r^ 
for the iTourth Liberty Loan. The Czechoslovak aid societies have subscribed ^ 
-$300,000 to the Liberty Loans to date, and have bought War Savings Stamps g 
with great zeal. 



r-o 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III A 

Dennl Hlaaatal . Oct. 20, 1918. 

NEAR THE QUOTA 

Large subscriptions came in yesterday, so that there is no doubt that the % 

quota for Chicago will be reached. The Tenth Ward with its Czechoslovak ^ 

population has subscribed $561,850, or 112 per cent of its quota. The Twelfth F 

Ward had subscribed $801,400, or 80 per cent of its quota of $1,000,000 up ^ 

to last night. It is sure to reach 100 per cent. The only question remaining sS 

is how much will be oversubscribed, 2 

CO 

Two of our beuiking institutions, the Lawndale State Bank and the Lawndale jji 
National Bank each subscribed $100,000 yesterday. This of course, does not 
include subscriptions made by their depositors. Reports from other 
Czechoslovak wards indicate that their quotas will be reached. 



I G BQEEMIAN 

Penal Hlasatel . Oct, 15, 1918. 

TRT TO KSSP IKS LIGHT OF LIBEHTT IN FULL BIAZE 

(Advertisement) — 

It iielcoiaad you and your dear ones when you landed on these shores of America, ^. 

Try to keep it burning for the benefit of those who come after you — the light F 

of free people in a free couhtry, -^ 

i 

Svery man, woman, and child in this land of liberty should buy a bond. Buy Lo 

today! Show that you deserve liberty under the beams of this light and under ^ 

the Stars and Stripes, *** 

Subscriptions will not be accepted after October 19. Do not dally. Give an 
exaii5>le— not only of your patriotic sentiment but of economic sacrifice. 



I G - 2 - BOHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasate l, Oct, 15, 1918, 

Remeniber — Liberty bonds are the best investment in the wDrld — you save noney, 
while you are helping make the world safe from terrorism and violence. Buy 
-today! Fourth Liberty Loan— U. S, Government bonds. 



O 

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I BOHE?>!IAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 14, 1918, 

LIBERTY LOAi: DRIVE 

(Editorial) 

A few days after the news had reached this country that Germany has made peace 
offers, a considerable decrease in the nximber of subscriptions for the Fourth 
Liberty Loan became evident. This can be explained by the fact that some 
people think the war is coming to an end, and, therefore, no more money is 
needed for its prosecution* 

If the Germgui peace proposals were made for the explicit purpose of impeding 
the progress of the carapaip'n, they certainly came at the right time to do the 
intended damage, for they provided some people with flimsy excuses in evading 
their duty — people who never would have met their obligations. This, in our 
estimation, is the reason for the shrinkage. 



I- c; - 2 - BOHa.:iAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 14, 1918. 

The falling off in the purchase of bonds will, however, be only temporary. 
Patriotic sentiment and enthusiasm will most assuredly be aroused in the last 
week of the campaign; the quota will be reached, and the Loan oversubscribed 
by millions. This will again place necessary funds at the disposal of the 
government, and be a pertinent answer to the German approachment. No one has, 
of course, the slightest doubt that the end of the vVorld .Var is drawing near 
but to speed it up, it is imperative that everybody support the government, 
thus lending it the means for a quick enforcement of peace, which will be 
dictated by the Allies, and not by Austria and Germany. 



III H 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 13, 1918. 

DONATIOl^ FOR THE PATRIOTIC CAUSE 

Czech National Alliance ^ 77,05 

Czechoslovak Army 53.45 

Magazines 3.05 

Received before 8,087,97 

Tobacco fund 75.35 

Received before 1,285,75 

This represents the total of individual gifts, ^ames and amounts omitted/. 



I G BOiEfflAN 

Denni HLasatel, Oct. 15, 1913. 

BUY LIBERTY BOIJDS 

(Editorial) % 

The city's quota of the Fourth Liberty Loan is far from being reached. Unless j5 

Chicago hastens, it will cover its name with shame. The working people, have '-^ 

arrived at the limit of their financial strength. It is incumbent upon the 3 

well-to-do, now, to subscribe to an extent in proportion to their resources. ^ 



I G BOEaMlAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 12, 1918. 

LIBERTY LOhN CAI,ffAlGN ".JORKiiRS MEET 

A meeting, v^ich was presided over by Mr. .-^ton J. Cermak, was held last Thurs- 5 
day, in which the Fourth Liberty Loan camoai.m, and other matters in connection ^ 
with the .Vorld .Var and national activities, .vere discussed. p 

A falling off in bond subscriptions, Vx, Cermak explained, makes it essential ^ 

that people in our settlement be canvassed again, to find out whether each in- ^^ 

dividual has done his duty one hundred per cent. This is absolutely necessary, g 

to prevent our sinking below the level dictated by duty, liesults thus far point cr 
to such a possibility. 

Our fellov; countrymen should be prepared for calls by our workers, to whom they 
should show their receipts. If the amount of their subscription corresponds to 
their financial standing, they will be given a ticket on which 100 per cent is 
printed in large letters. This will save them from being visited again. 

Those who are still behind in the fulfillment of their duty are invited to appear 



I G - 2 - boes!.o:an 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 12, 1918. 

at the main campaign office of the Czechoslovak section for the Fourth Liberty "Sl 
Loan drive, 3342 .Vest 26th Street, instead of waiting for this call. This is >■ 

serious business, and we intend to conduct it accordinf^ly. p 

r- 

V/orkers v.'ere ur<::ed to do their utnost to induce people of our settlement to "^ 

take part in the Liberty Day parade in the largest possible numbers, so that £ 

the Czechoslovak section be the largest and most impressive. "^ 

rs.- 
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I G BOHEMIAN 

III D 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 11, 1918. 

A STAR ON TFIE SERVICE FLAG 

A service star is evidence that some one of your family is fighting under the ^ 
Stars and Stripes, for liberty of the world and liberation of our nation. 5 

A Liberty Loan button is also a symbol of service, and shows that we are fight- r~ 
ing in conjunction with our boys, if not on the battlefield, then with our ^ 
money, to help toward a speedy victory for humanity and justice. o 

Co 

If we are eager to see fewer gold stars on the service flags, and wish for £in ^ 
early return of our boys, then let our money fight for us, and let us buy as ^ 
many Liberty bonds as our circumstances will permit. 

You owe it to your homeland, to our brave boys, and to yourself! 

4th Liberty Loan, U.S. Government Bonds. Donated by Denni Hlasatel Publishing 
Company, 1545 West 18th Street, Chicago. 



I G BOHKMIAN 

III B 3 a 

III D Dennl Hlaaatel. Oct. 10, 1918, 

IV 

TO THE CZECHOSLOVAK PEOPLE IN CHICAGO 
(From the Bohemian National Alliance) 

Victory cannot be attained on the battlefield tinless our people win the fight :^ 

at home* We are now engaged in the fourth battle at home, upon which the ^ 

victory for our sons and brothers at the front depends, Bils is the Fourth p: 

Liberty War Loan* In this we must be victorsl In order to make this conquest rj 

complete, President Wilson has designated October 12, next Satiirday, a national -tj 

holiday for the entire American people* They should manifest on that day their ^ 

firm determination to persist in the pursuit of victory, and to extend to the oo 

government their support toward a victorious ending of the war. i:^ 



It is known that Germany has recently attempted to make lurid peace proposals. 
She has done this in the hope of accomplishing by trickery what she was unable 
to do by force* According to her, she is preparing for another Brest-Li tovsk 
peace conference, and has begun to spread reports of an approaching armistice. 
This is Intended to mar the success of the Fourth Liberty Loan* 



tr 




- 2 - BOHEtOAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct, 10, 1918« 

The Czechoslovak people will not allow thanselves to be deluded by friends 
of Germany and Austria-Hungary, No one can break the spirit of the Czecho- 
slovaks, any more than they can that of the American people* 

There is the real purpose: To break the will to resist peace overtures by 

attempts at peace. To instill into the minds of our people the same spirit "^ 

with which the Russian people were inocculated, euid which brought about fj 

disaster for that nation, Germany may be retreating now, yet she has never -o 

given up dreaming of world domination. For this reason, the Czechoslovak o 

people will close its ears to any peace proposals, unless they conform with co 

the solution advised by President Wilson: Unconditional surrender, ^ 



It is necessary to realize irtiat the failure of the Fourth Liberty Loan would 
mean to the Czechoslovak people. We want to prove to ourselves and to the 
world th^t we have grasped the significemce of the Loan, and that we intend 
to fulfill our duty. The Czechoslovak people of Chicago must not fail, and 
we are certain that they will not. It is our duty as Americans and as 






CD 



I G - 3 - BOHSMIAN 

III B 3 a 

III D Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 10, 1918. 

IV 

Czechoslovaks I 

Tiie govemment has arranged for a solemn parade which will march through 

the streets of downtown Chicago, October 12* It will seirve to dononstrate 

the sentiment of the residents. It will be a straight answer to the Germans. ^ 

We must answer in such a manner that they will be assured that we Czecho- ^ 

Slovaks stand like a rock behind the principles promulgated by President Wilson.,. 

The Czech liationeil Allismce, the National Allaince of Czech Catholics in c 
America, and the Slovak League have, for four years, been standing at your side 
in the fight for the independence of our nation — these orgemizations eu:e re- I.J 
questing the entire Czechoslovak people of Chicago to do as follows: Take 1. 
part in very large nximbers in the solemn parade next Saturday. Don*t allow 
yourselves to be outdone by some other nationality. Show your readiness, and 
give your support to the government, particularly at this moment. This will 
demonstrate to the world that our government does not rely upon bayonets as 
much as upon the strength of its determined people. IJay the Czechoslovak 



I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 3 a 

III D Dennl HLasatel. Oct. 10, 1918. 

IV * 

people attest to its sound political judgment. Ihe day of October 12 will 
be a holiday as proclaimed by President V/ilson. The stores will be closed, 
Gind all work stopped. 

ISiis is the occasion for a great manifestation. It will be a pertinent y^ 

answer to Germany. Czechoslovaks I Come to this parade. We are calling on p: 

you, and we entreat you anew, to do all in your power for the Fourth Liberty "^ 

Loan. It must not happen that our share in the Fourth Liberty Loan shall be :^ 

smaller than it was in the Tliird Liberty Loan. We are urging our fraternal ^ 

orders, and individuals as well, to subscribe with zeal and enthusiasm. Sub- > 

scribe to insure your own and your children's share in future peace and happi- :;» 
ness. 

Let Czechoslovak ranks be the thickest in the parade on Saturday. We shall 
show that we are fully aware of the magnitude of the great cause for which 
millions are dying, and that we are ready to contribute our bit in the great 



T> 



I G - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 3 a 

III D Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 10, 1918, 



struggle. 



Signed: Dr. L» J, Fisher, Reverend Ino Kestl, A. Schustek* ^ 



"O 

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I G BOHmiAII 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 9, 1918, 

BUY LIBERTT BONDS 

(Editorial) 

Czechoslovaks are fighting not only at the front, but at home as well. The 
Czechoslovak name has won such repute that it is being mentioned in the present 
campaign of the Fourth Liberty Loan, The Chicago Dally Tribune printed dn article 
in last Monday* s issue, which is remarkable enough to attract the attention of 
all our fellow countr3rraen. It reads as follows: 



3-- 



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"Instead of standing up for the Liberty Loan, we are lagging. The quota of 
$6,000,000,000 equals only one-tenth of the national wealth of the country. If S 
we do not make any headway, it may happen that the Kaiser will. ^ 

"Anong the reports reaching us, two command our attention. The State of Iowa has 

oversubscribed its quota. In Bohemia, people are drawing up their last wills 

and are making last arrangements. These are two items far removed from each other. 



- 2 - BCEEtJUM 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct, 9, 1918. 

Yet the work involved arouses our deepest interest, Iowa is a predominantly 
agricultural state. During the Third Liberty Loan campaign, we, who consider 
ourselves to be real metropolitans, took many a fling at the farmers, accusing 
them of slackness in bond subscriptions. Vie attempted to show them how we, 
people from the great city, knew the right way, 

♦♦A man vrtiose interests are close to those of the farmer's writes: 'Whether this 
be true or not, it has Incited the farmers' ambition so that they vie with all 
others in subscriptions now' • V/hat do you think of this? 

"Czech patriots are making their testaments. This is a real act of patriotism. 
They are making their testaments, because Czech independence cannot be achieved 
without danger to those who are fighting for it. Liberty and Independence have to 
be purchased at a high price, V/e, at home, are in a position to secure liberty, 
and draw 4^ per cent interest at the same time. Others are making their testaments 
to attain the same result. Think of itl" 

We wish to add this: Think of it, you of the Czechoslovak branch in America, 



- 3 - BOHKt.lIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 9, 1913, 

Compare what you are anconpli shins wit.'i what our brothers in the motherland 
are doing. Ponder whether you will be able to look into their faces and say, 
after the war, that you have done all in your power to v/in and preserve liberty 
for the motherland. Consider what they mi j;ht say if you had not even dedicated 
your money to the cause. Money which bore interest while it was perfectly secure, 
whereas they were ready to give their lives. Think it over and acti Buy bonds -g 
with the last dollar to your name I 5 



■::n 
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I_G BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 9, 1918. 

FORWARD! 

(Advertisement ) 

7.'ithout fear of bursting; shells and poison gas — forward with arduous straining 
of the muscles into the brunt of the battle — with one aim in mind 

To Fight and to Winl 



ForwardI The sane sharo order confronts us at homo. V/e have to respond to it 
Just as our soldiers do, — th«! American way. 

We have to lend our money so that they can fight. 






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That is the way our boys fight. The monent the shrill sound of the whistle is 
heard, the call for advancing, then out, with the indomitable craving for the £ 
goal! No pov/er in the world can down this spirit. ^ 



^^ 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct, 9, 1918. 

We have to prove to the Huns that the Merican nation Is advancing in serried 
ranks toward victory. 

Let us work, save, and lend for one purpose only — to fight and win. Onward into 
the fight—wholeheartedly — buy bonds—as many as possiblel 

Fourth Liberty Loan 
' ■ U. S# Government bonds. 






so 
o 






I G BOEEMIAN 

III H 

III D Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 9, 1918. 

FROM TEE CZECH CAMPAIGN OFFICE 

A long list of subscriptions in the Fourth Liberty Loan campaign was submitted 
to the main office of the Czechoslovak section, 3342 West 22ncl Street, yesterday. 
Truly, some of these subscriptions are highly gratifying, and prove that our 
people endeavor to stand in the first ranks of those who fulfill their duties to 
the country. 

Mr, F, C, Lajer, for instance, handed over subscriptions amounting to $5,000 from 
Czech National Alliance, Mr, Anton J, Cermak, head of the Czechoslovak campaign 
section, also received tl,000 worth of subscriptions from the Sokol Community, -and 
$1,000 from the Builders' Brick Company, These two bought their bonds through 
the Czech National Alliance, Announcement was made at the same time that the 
Pilsen Butchers' Association, with a membership of 116, subscribed $17,350, These 
are results vdiich should serve as an incentive to business houses, other associa- 
tions, and individuals, many of whom have not yet done justice to their patriotic 
conscience. 



I G - 2 - BOHETCCAN 



III H 

III D Dennl ELasatel , Oct. 9, 1918, 

17 

To date, the Tenth Ward has subscribed ^224,000, the Thirty-fourth Ward 
#275,000, Town of Lake $80,000, and the Twelfth Ward i486, 000, --all by Czecho- 
slovaks, This is, however, not enough, and much more will have to be subscribed, 
Our people have to prove that they stand behind our Government, and behind those 
boys of ours in France, and on various other fronts, fighting for the liberty of 
all nations. 



3> 



A grievous mission has brought Charles Matousek, a young soldier, "wfliose parents 
live at 2843 South Springfield Avenue, back to Chicago. He appeared at the main 
Czechoslovak campaign office and told his story. He had come from the camp at 
Dodge, Iowa, to bring back the body of his ccmrade Vaclav (Wenceslaus) Lukes, g 
formerly of 2811 South Springfield Avenue. His eyes brimming with tears, he gave 
an account of the last hours of his friend's life. 



-tj 



"He was longing to see his father and mother once more, and regretful that he could 
not have the opportunity to take a whack at the Germans, and thus do his part in 



o 



I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III H 

UI D Dannl Hlasatel t Oct, 9, 1918, 

IV 

the achievement of victory. When the news reached our camp, on October 13, 
that rresident Wilson and his Government had recognized the existence of an 
independent Czechoslovak state, with Professor T. G. Masaryk as its president, 
it was L\]kes who was taken off his feet with Joy* It behooves me to state that 
the entire camp celebrated the significant decision accordingly. The ccnimander 
ordered a gorgeous parade, in ¥fcich seventeen thousand soldiers stood in a % 
formation s3nnbolizing the Statue of Liberty, All regimental bands played patriotic 2^ 
tunes, and the general addressed the gathering on the import of the President's p 
proclamation of independence for Czechoslovakia, This was a glorious day in our ^ 
camp vrtiich I never shall forget, A bitter drop mingled into all this, IJy ecnrade 5 
Lukes fell sick. He died, and I have brought his remains home,** i— 

CO 

Matousek depicted the sorrow the parents and friends of the departed felt. He was j^i 
deeply grateful when Mr, Cermak assured him that his friend will be burled with 
military honors. The funeral will be held Friday and close at the Catholic cemetery, 
Report omits to give locationj;]/^ 



I G BOHEt^IAK 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Oct, 8, 1918. 
IV 

PREPAHE FOR CELEBRATION 

msi^Rn: to appil-j? in official capacity 

Many crowned heads frora various European countries have been visiting here, and 
have been received as guests by the United States Government, representing the 
people of this land. V.'e remember that the American press gave attention to 
these visits, although not more, indeed, than to everyday events. Our big Eng- 
lish language newspapers reported, but did not give the foreign guests much space '=:- 
in their ney;s columns, and still less in editorials. An example of this fact is r" 
given by the recent visit of the Danish crown prince, who came to our cit^'- a tevi -u 
days ago. Our local papers recorded his arrival, true enough, but did no more, o 
la general, they passed over the event v/ith a fev/ flimsy notes, ^ 

In view of this we feel overjoyed, for American newspapers have been assuming an ^ 
entirely different attitude in regard to the arrival, today, of T, G, Masaryk, 
He comes from plain people, true enough, but he represents a people whose liberty 
and independence v/ere lost once, but vrere reborn in this great V.'orld V;ar. 



> 




- 2 - BOHET^IIAII 

d (1) 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 8, 1918, 

Nev/s items have been appearing for dai'S stating that the undaunted 
leader of the movement for Czechoslovak independence — ^Professor Thomas G, Masaryk, 
president of the Czechoslovak National Council ^^cognized as the provisional 
government of the future independent Czechoslovak State/, and commander-in-chief 
of the Czechoslovak Army in Russia, France, and Italy — ^;vill appear as diplomatic 
representative of the Czechoslovak nation, to open the celebration of the one 
hundredth anniversary of the induction of the State of Illinois into the United 
States of North America. 

The local English language press v/elcomes him with enthusiasm, not only in the 
news columns but in editorials as well, and in such a manner that they implicitly 
refer to all Czechoslovaks also, and that is v;hy v/e are so proud of being thus 
mentioned. It is, therefore, a duty for Czechoslovaks to extend a most ardent 
greeting to the man v;ho had to endure many a grievous moment, who suffered from 
many painful nieriories, and lived through anxious suspense, before he was able 
to gain recocnition by the highest authorities for the nation from which he came. 
This was due to his astonishing energy and admirable courage and, mainly, to his 



I - 3 - BOHELIIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H Denni Illasatel . Oct. 8, 1918. 
IV 

flaming love for his people. This recognition by the most influential 
authorities constitutes a firm guarantee for the future liberty and independence 
of Czechoslovaks. 

lie are certain that Czechoslovaks v;ill fulfill their duty to Professor llasaryk 
today, and shov; their deternination and readiness for future sacrifices which 
the liberation movement v/ill demand of them, Masaryk has been placed at the 
head of this movement by the people of our old homeland. 






The determination of our people to sacrifice should be of the same sterling ^ 

quality v/hich radiates from the pictxire by the Czech-American artist, K, Sarka, o 

bearing the legend "The Rebirth of a Nation," and symbolizing the Czechoslovak i^ 

nation proclal:ning its independence. The picture is reproduced at the head of S 

this column by permission of Leslie's , a weekly magazine, where it vreis first ^ 
printed upon the cover of September 28 issue of this year. 

Professor iiasaryk is expected to arrive from TJashington, D.C, at the Baltimore 



I 0- - 4 - 30H2L1IAN 

II D 2 d (1) 

III E Denni Elasatel. Oct. 8, 1918. 
17 

and Ohio railroad station, Harrison and Wells Streets, shortly before 
9 A.M. A delegation of thirty v/ill extend the official welcome to him. It con- 
sists of representatives of the Czech National Alliance, the National Alliance 
of Czech Catholics in America, the Slovak Leacue, the press, and the arrangements 
committee, whose members are i:r, Janes 7, Stepina, the Reverend Yaclav (V/enceslaus) 
Vanek, and Professor Jaroslav J. Zinrhal. Our distinguished guest will, after a 
short vrelcoming cereiiony, be accompanied to his suite in the Blackstone hotel, 
from which the Czechoslovak flag will wave during his sojourn- With due regard 
to the fact that Professor Llasaryk v/ill feel fatigued after his long journey, the 
entire day will be reserved for his coiafort till evening, v;hen he is scheduled 
to address the mass meeting in the Auditorium Theater at the opening of the 
Illinois State anniversary celebration, v;hich will last one week, and in which 
this evening, is reserved as "Czechoslovak Day." ^ 

ISi 

■v 

Our evening has been arranged by the Czech National Alliance, sponsored by the 
State Council of Defense and the American Sec\irity League. Admission is free. 
It is expected that the Auditorium will be filled to the last seat, and that 
an overwheLming majority of the attendance v;ill be conposed of Czechoslovaks. 



'J> 



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- 5 - B0H5I.:iAIT 

Dennl laasatel . Oct. 8, 1918. 

Places upon the platform and boxes are reserved, ihe latter have 
been bought up mostly by native iunericans; the money ti.us collected will help 
pay expenses of the celebration. One half of the 300 seats upon the platform 
are reserved for representatives of Czechoslovaks and Jugoslavs, the other half 
for prominent xur.ericans. Invitations v/ere sent to all members of the City Council, 
the State Legislature, and prominent Czechoslovaks ^ 

Hiss Olga Lasaryk, daur^ter of Professor Masaryk, is expected to come to Chicago, -zl 
In case she arrives tomorrovj, she and her father will be guests of the Union p 
League Club, at a banquet given by members in their honor tonorrov; night, "^ 

TO 

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I G B0H3MIAU 

Dennl HLasatel. Oct. 6, 1918, 

MASARYK»S APPEAL TO CZSCH0SL07AKS 

"Fellow countrymen, brothers: 

"TSie Grovernment of the United States is issuing Llherty bonds. It is the 

duty of Czechs and Slovaks to support the Liberty Losm with utmost endeavor* ^ 

"The United States and President Wilson have treated our nation nobly. "Diey r: 

recognized our efforts to win liberty and independence. We shall reciprocate r" 

by gratitude. And, doubly grateful, we can and must accept the democratic na 

principles, for ending the war and a permanent peace, so fortunately pronulgated o 

by President Wilson. Ihe better Americans, the better Czechs and Slovaks you iZ 

will be I ?^ 



"Washington, August 1918. 
"T. G. Masaryk" 



I Cr B0IU2,II.JT 

Denni "las-tel , Oct. 6, 1918. 

(From the Connittee of Public Infor-ration) 

The Czech section of the CoriTiiLtGO of IMblic Infor utior^ addressed itself 
to Professor Tho.Tas 0. I.Iasar^/k, president of the OzecJi !Trwional Council, 
requestinc hLii to direct an appesl to the Czechoslovak people in /jnerica 
to support the ?ourth Lib^^rt;' Loan drive. President ..asar^'^k, ever devoted 
to our co.Tjnon cause, graciously consented. This rianifesto, an event of 
historic inport, is 'oir.c to be sent out in the forri of a letter. It v/ill 
represent the first official utterance fro;:i the head of the provisional 
sovemaent of the Czechoslovak Republic 7;hich is at present in 'Jashinston, D. 3< 
It v;ill be the first v;ords spoken by the president of the republic to its 
people. A facsimile of the Isuter v;ill be placed at the disposal of all 
Czechoslova!: ne'.vsr)aT)ers for reprint. 



I G - 2 - 30IQ,:L^T 

Denni Illasatel , Oct. 6, 1918, 

Let all Czechoslovaks shov; that they stand behind President Tiasai^'-k, j'lst 
as they stand behind President V/ilson in the strup^sle for the rights of 
hoiianity. 



TO 
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I G BOHEMIAN 

III D 

Denni Hlaaatel. Oct, 6, 1918, 

caicH chicagoan rescued 

Anxious suspense reigned over relatives of our American sailors who liad em- 
barked on the Buena Ventura, vrtiich was torpedoed September 16, Our fellow 
covmtryman, Anton Drzka, was one of the crew. His widowed mother, who 
lives at 2856 West 21st Street, received a telegram that her son was safe, ^ 
Drzka enlisted as a volunteer on June 1 of this year, and was assigned to the ?> 
Great Lakes Naval Training Station, After three weeks he was transferred '^ 
to'the training station in Philadelphia, and he embarked frcxi that port ^ 

without being given the opportunity to visit his mother, ^ 

o 

His father, Anton Drzka, was well-kno7m as an active worker in local Czech lo 

societies, § 



I G BOHn.xaT 

III H 

rV" Denni Illasatel . Oct. 2, 1918. 

TEE •.V;.Ji BOIID CAI.TAIGN 

Czeehoslovnl:s should follov; th*- sxaiaple set by the 'Vard Baking Company, 
v/here bonds are offered by their eii-.ployers. Bonds oovght by Czochoslova]cs 
would then be credited to their nationality. 

Just as in m;iny othei* concerns, Czechoslovak v;orkers had been offered bonds 
by the '.Vard Baking: Qprnpany. They shov/ed readiness to buy bonds, but der^anded 
that their bonds be marked "bought by Czechoslova!:s". Tlie Corap-dny's offi- 
cials v;ere ..'illinc to hear an explanation for tliis demand, and soon grasped 
the fact thnt the .'ord "Czechoslovak" upon the bond has a practical signifi- 
cance :.or the Czechoslovaks. They even put the re':^uired v;ord on the bond by 
themselves vrherever a Czechoslova?^ subscriber vms concerned. Some of the 
officials vrent even further, by signin; their o'..n bonds as "comin.- from 
Czechoslovaks". 

'/.•hen Vjc, Anton J. Cermak, v/ho heads the Czechoslovak section of the Liberty 



-..■!V*-. 



« 

T5 






I G - 2 - BOHEt-'IL^ T 

III H 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 3, 1918. 

Loan campaig-n, heard of these details, he discussed them with other offi- 
cials of the main Czechoslovak campaisn office, at 3342 West 26th Street, 
and it was decided to brine: the case before the public. Our dailies are 
not in a position to coniuct a colum for the '♦roll of honor," ar, was done 
in the Third Liberty Loan drive. The patiictic behavior of the bakery em- 
ployees mentioned is an outstandinp exainple of national sentiment, and vie 
do not hesitate to give the incident publicity as desired by Mr. Cerraak. 
translator's n£te: Li^t of names of those Czechoslovak employees is omitted 
in translation^y The amounts subscribed range frcm §50 to S200. 

An interesting report comes from the Reverend Father V/. Jedlick;., head of 
the Czechoslovak cau.paif^n section in the Fifteenth V.'ard. It says that all 
of our people there are doirg their duty. They do not omit io mark the 
word ♦♦Czechoslovak" on th- bond, so that Czechoslovaks will be 'Credited 
with it. 'iVe have even heard of cases '.vhere Irish fellow workers marked 
their bonds ♦♦Czechoslovak,^' when they saw hov/ much importance is beinjC?; 
attached tc this formality by our Czechoslovak fellov; countrymen. 



I G - 3 - E0H3MIAN 

III H 

IV Deirni Hlasatel , Oct. 3, 1918. 

It often hapT-ens that woikers bolonging to one branch comnittee meet 
those from another Czechoylovak group, and of course both try to eet the 
subscriber's name on their list 

Alderman Jos. I. Novak, while in the main campaign branch office at S 

3342 W. 26th Street, was riven :i?24.25 to be divided between the Red Cross - 

and the Czechoslovak Army. The money was the proceeds of a collection at rj 

a party in the home of Mr. F. Dobias, ov/ner of a oakery. Bonds also v;ere sold v 

there. o 



t- 



I G • BCHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 3, 1918. 

BUY BONDS NOV; 

(Advertisement) 

Almost two million American boys are fighting in France, Italy, and far-away 
Siberia for the freedom of our nation and of the whole world. 

A hundred million of American people may hasten their victory, save thousands 
of their lives, and speed up the victorious return of our v7f.rriors, if they 
will buy Liberty bonds. 

Joyful news from the V/estern front, the capitulation of Bulgaria, and the 
approachinf; subversion of lands of the Central powers, point to an early and 
victorious end of the war. 

You can hasten a hapny aiding of the world struggle by opening your hearts 



f 



I G - 2 - -^- BOHaHAN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 3, 1918. 

and pocketbooks. The Fourth Liberty Loan bonds are the safest investment of 
money, because they bear good interest, and your debtor is Uncle Sam, whose 
credit is the best in the world. 

The dollars you lend to the government will bear not only financial, but much 
more valuable interest, for they will save the lives of thousands of o\xr young 
men who are fighting; at the front. 

Do not postpone the purchase of bonds; buy as many as you can. Buy in Czech 
banks and Czech business houses, buy from authorized agents of bond committees, 
and in the following ward offices: 4th '.Vard: 555 '.Vest 31st Street — 10th Ward: 
1423 lYest 18th Street, and at the Kaspar bank — 11th Ward: 1808 South Ashland 
Avenue— 12th V/ard: 3342 ".7est 26th Street — 15th Ward: 916 North Western 
Avenue — 27th V/ard: 4564 North Crawford Avenue — 29th Ward: 1824 West 47th 
Street — 34th Ward: 3521 West 12th Street — Cicero: PCirchman State bank 22nd 
Street and 56th Avenue — Main campaign office: 3342 West 26th Street — offices 



I ^-^ - 3 - BOHJMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 3, 1918, 
of the Czech National Alliance. 
_ Donated by Denni Elasatel Publishing Company, 1545 S. 18th Street, Chicago. 



Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 3, 1918. 
R23ULT OF ;UI2T HOW. 

% 

After his return from Serbia, Dr. .1. Rudis-Jicinsky began to organize our * 

section of the Red Cross. He recommended Dr. Ludivi;^ Fisher and Dr. A. Mueller t^ 

as instructors. Courses began in the hone of the Pilsen (Plzensky) Sokol, and ^^ 

the Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs v;ith twenty-five students each. Examinations were held 3 

after the first two courses. In the Pilsen Sokol course six f?irl students 2 

achieved the highest number of points Dr. Rudis-Jicinsky v^ill accept ap- '^ 

plicatio'-is at 1900 Blue Island Avenue. !^ 



I G •' BOHfflJIAN 

III D ^ -- ^ 

rv Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 1, 1918, ^J^ 

^ Vi.?A. "i 

FROM OUR BOND CAMPAIGN OFFICES '\>^ y 

There cannot be any doubt about the material aid given to the Fourth Liberty 
Loem campaign by the celebrations attending the raising of service flags in 
the Twelfth, Thirty- fourth, and Tenth Wards, last Saturday and Sunday. Speakers 
are being offered a splendid opportunity to raise the patriotic enthusiasm of 
our people, IfVe are certain they will use it to the fullest extent. 

The rapid progress and the results of the starting campaign were very conspicu- 
ous in tbe substations of the various wards, and especially in our main campaign 
office, located at 3342 West 26th Street, near Homan Avenue. This office re- 
sembled a beehive from the earliest hours of the campaign. Hundreds of our 
people call there to subscribe. The campaign activities in other words are 
also directed from there. Its workers, headed by Mr. Anton J. Cermak, chair- 
man of the Czechoslovak section in the Liberty Loan drive, are kept extremely 
busy. 



III D 7^^\ 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 1, 1918. «i''V;p? o] 

They also make the preliminary arrangements for flag raising celebrations '',. ^. 

which are held all over our settlement. Speakers are secured, and artists sent 
out to co-operate v/ith all other workers to help make individual celebrations 
a success. All those men and women are feverishly active, and we doubt 
whether there is another campaign office in Chicago that could compare with 
ours as to vigor and variety of activity. Reports from other wards are re- 
ceived here, payments made, and business disposed of to the smallest detail..,.. 



An urgent appeal is being directed to our artists, musicians, singers, and 
various entertainers to report and offer their services for the cause. A 
large platform in front of the office on 26th Street is occupied every evening 
by artists and actors as well as speakers. The effect of this method of cam- 
paigning is always felt immediately after — it shows in the receipts of sub- 
scriptions. 

Heads of weard substations need not take the trouble of reporting daily results 
to the main office. Get in contact with Kr. Otto R. Fuerst, in charge of 




I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 1, 1918. 

publicity, and your reports will be printed in our dailies. 

We have already mentioned the fact that large numbers of patriotic Czecho- 
slovaks from the outlying districts, such as Pullman, South Chicago, West 
Hammond, and Kensington, come to the main office on 25th Street to pay their 
bonds. That gives them a gueurantee that their bonds will be credited to their 
nationality. There were many additional applications received from these 
people yesterday. It is gratifying to note that the Slovaks are teiking an 
active part in the ceunpaign. 

The Catholics also are making rapid progress. The Reverend Bozenek informs 
us that one of his workers sold $1,400 worth of bonds to the family of 
Dr. F. G. Hellebrandt, 2327 South Albany Avenue. 



I G BOHa.!lAN 

III H 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 1, 1918. 

THa FOURTH LIE3RTY LOAN 

(Editorial) 

The campaign for the Fourth Liberty Loan was started last Saturdtty morning 
with the pealing of church bells and the sounding of sirens, oix billions of 
dollars is the lowest figure determined by the Government. The quota for 
Chicago, or rather for Cook County, is 252 millions, and for the Seventh Federal 
district (with seat in Chicago) the quota is S70 millions, or 14t- per cent of 
the total loan. 

This is the biggest demand ever made from any people at any time, and the exer- 
tion of all our po.vers will be necessary to satisfy it, but the people are not 
asked to make any sacrifice. There is no hardship in lending the money even 
when viewed from the business or financial standpoint. 

TTiese bonds will bear 4^ per cent interest, and are offered in denominations of 
$50, 5100, etc. Tliey nay be paid in installments on a 10^ deposit. This gives 



^ 



-o 



•r 



I G - 2 - BOH^.IIAI^ 

III H 

I C Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 1, 1918. 

a chance to those without ready money but orospects for a job. He who buys this 
way is actim^ upon the ir.pulse of good business sense. ^ 

•>- 
The workine-.man's wage and tiie businessman's profit are here for the necessities p 
of daily life, and also for the puroose of savinf:, v;hich lends a firm basis to r^ 

the future V.'hen a man asks himself where to deposit his savings he considers -t» 

the element of security first, and then the profit his investment 7;ill yield. o 

CO 

There is no investment in the United States or, in fact, in the whole world, more ^ 
safe than the bonds offered by our Clovernment. .^1 of the United States, with '^ 
their immense resources, back up these bonds, which would become worthless only 
in the unthinkable case that money had lost its value. 

Your money, if not invested, will be nonproductive, dead, //ar bonds bear the 
highest interest consistent \vith their high degree of safety. Government bonds 
have, up to recent times, yielded two or two and one half per cent. They did 
not appear on the market, because banks needed them for the stabilizing of their 



I G - 3 - BOHET^IIAN 

III H 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 1, 191R. 

credit system. Banks, which have so often deceived their clients, offer only 
three per cent on loans. 

No one, except a fool or a German who publicly identifies himself as such, or 
is one in secret, will hesitate to buy as many bonds as his resources permit. 

The reason for buying bonds advanced above is based on business sense. Its 
foundation is purely egoistic impulse urging to buy as many bonds as possible. 
There are, however, other reasons, more weighty and important, which counsel 
every good i^merican to bring his savings to Uncle Sam quickly. American patrio- 
tism and hximane sentiment are of prime importance. 

Individual patriotism is not valued by the number of dollars spent on bonds. 
One man may subscribe for one million, another for only fifty dollars. Still 
the latter may be classified as a better patriot than the former. The former 
bought from a surplus of money, while the poorer man had to see how to make 
both ends meet in order to produce the price of the bond. The rich man did 



3» 







- 4 - DOIGII>:i^ 

Dennl Klasatel . Oct. 1, 1918. 
not have to sacrifice like the poor. Thus, patriotism is measured by sacrifice. 

-6 

He who has to think hard how to get the money for bonds — to give up pleasure and ^ 
comfort — skimp on his clothing — miss a performance in a show — economize in his ^ 
food — he is the better catriot. ^ 

The time for idle talk has passed. The time for action, has come. ,ie have met r- 
many people who breathed patriotism. They either bragged about their own patrio- clJ 
tic sentiment or cast doubt on that of their nei.^hbors. Now they can show their 
true colors, and demonstrate how much interest they have in victory for the home- 
land and the whole world. 

Talk costs nothing, but it does not helo win the war. To win victor:/ requires 
fighting, v/ork, and money. Those who are on the battle front, or who are waiting 
in camps to be sent there, could not ti,a;ht if we at home did not work and contri- 
bute by fi'ivins: everything that we call our ov/n to supply what they need — food, 
ammunition, clothing — and if we did not give lavishly. 



r>» 



I G - b - BOimJAN 

III H 

I C Denni Hlasatel. Oct. 1, 1918. 

The Germans are being beaten right and left. .;e may well claim that this is, 
to a great extent, due to the help by America. Our soldiers are performing ^ 
feats that set the world agog. President .Vilson, Secretary of .Var Baker, and 
General Pershing command the admiration of the whole world. It is up to us novx 
to join their ranks properly, and fill them by subscribing to bonds "till it 
hurts", ,/e should indeed make every effort to help oversubscribe the quota. 



-n 



o 



cr 



If we subscribe for ten billions instead of six — that will mean one of the ^ 
heaviest defeats for the Kaiser and his cohorts. How they would rejoice if '^ 
the progress of our Liberty bond campaign were impeded, and the issue became 
stagnant! It would fill them with new courage, hope, and strength, .Ve must 
not allow this to come to r)ass. Ha have to prove by oversubscriptions that we 
shall not give in, and are united as long as one man is able to keep up, and 
even only one single dollar is at our disposal. 

If every American is to lay everything on the altar of the fatherland to helD 
it to win victory, then we Czechoslovaks feel doubly under obligation to do the 



I G - 6 - BOHUvIlAN 

• III H 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 1, 1918. 

same. Any sacrifice on our part is made, not only for our new homeland, but ^ 

for the old motherland as well, that motherland v/hich is about to begin a new, ?= 

happy and free existence. Buy bonlsl ^ 

-o 

90 

o 



I G 
I F 4 

I E 



BOHE,iIM 



The Bohemian Review , Vol. 2, No. 10, p. 166, Oct., 1913, 

AMERICAN S0CIALIS_ PARTl AND US SLAV MEhBERSHIP 

At tue recent conference of Secretaries of tne American Socialist Party 
at Chicago, a memorandum was -nresented by the Czechoslovak: branch of 
the party; signed, also by the Serbian and Slovenian sections. The 
raeinoranduin demands that the American Socialist Party change its anti- 
war attitude for one supporting tne v^ar. 

ihe tnree followin.^ paragraphs best express the trend of the memorandum: 

"The war and peace program of President Wilson, which today is timely 
and acute in all decisive respects, is absolutely democratic and 
expresses those principles which international socialism always has 
proclaimed. And tnese principles remain such principles regardless 
of the fact as to who enunciated them. What we have considered good 
and demanded, we cannot declare evil or condemn, Because of its coming 
from somebody else. 




I G 
I F 4 



- 2 - 



The ■Bohemian Review, Oct., 1918, 



BOHEMIAN 



"The real mission of the Socialist Party in America now is consciously 
and firra]y to support the war and tne principles laid down by President 
Wilson. And if the Party now taices this attitude in such a fashion 
that unsoclalistic pacifists and camouflage idolizing the German regime 
will be unable to use it as a cloak, tnen it will have the next duty of 
seeing that the principles of President Wilson remain the real American 
principles until the very end, and that they receive appreciation in 
places wnere, heretofore, they nave not been sanctioned* 



^r"^ 




"If the steps nereinoefore enunciated are not taken, the situation so 
created will force us to act upon our convictions to the limit." 



' I__G B0Ha5.lAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 29, 1918. 

CZECHOSLOVAKS IN TKS BOND C/J/IPAIGN 

Chicago opened its campai^^n for the floating of the Fourth Liberty Loan yester- 
day. Even the first hours indicated that the populace is fully conscious of 
its duty and will fulfill it.. .judging by the initial sales, it is estimated 
that about forty millions' vrorth of bonds were sold in Chicago 



o 



cr 



Hectic activity characterized the campaign substations in the Czechoslovak w 
districts. Long before the sirens began to sound, announcing the start of '^ 
the drive, all the C-uiir)aign offices in the settlement were crowded with people 
who offered their services as workers. 'Hie rush readied a climax in the main 
Czechoslovak caraDaign office at .'5342 .'/est J^eth Street, where LIr. Anton J. Cerraak, 
Alderman Joseph I. Novak, and !.!r, Louis Solar were receiving applications for cam- 
paign work, and directing workers to their places. Vx . Cermak, at the sai;ie time, 
was receivin:^ reports from the various substations. Ilany of these messages were 
highly gratifying. One, for instance, coming from Alderman Joseph 0. Kostner of 
the ITiirty- fourth ,Vard, expressed pleasant surprise and much satisfaction for the 



I G 
IV 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel. Sept. 29, 1918, 



BOHa.g;\N 



intelligent views our Czechoslovak fellow countrymen have of the meaning of 
the Liberty Loan, and their response to the call of duty. The camtjaign station 
for that district is located in the recruiting office for the 83rd district, at 
West 26th Street and Ridgeway nvenue. It had a full quota of volimteer campaign 
workers who were busy collecting subscriptions. 

Wr. Joseph A. Erabec, head of the Czechoslovak organization of the Tenth .Vard, 
was next to call ICr. Cermak about the throngs in and around his campaign office 
at 1428 ;;est 18th Place. 

The office of the Fourth .Vard is located at 555 West 31st Street. Its head is 
Mr. J. Chap. He reported that his station had been busy from early morning. 
Mr. Joseph Ringl, head of the Czechoslovak Bureau, 4564 North Crawford Avenue, 
was greatly pleased v;ith the beginning of the drive, Ke, hov/ever, voiced a 
complaint about large concerns v/bich are compelling workers to buy bonds through 
their own channels. Bonds bou^rht at those sources by Czechoslovaks will not be 
credited to them. By buying bonds from outsiders we are fulfilling our duty just 






o 

§ 



I G - 3 - BOHaulAK 

17 

Denni Klasatel , Sent. 29, 1918, 

as well, true enough, //e should, however, keep in mind that we are Czechoslovaks, 
and must, as such, seek to v/in recognition for oar patriotic zeal everywhere and 
under any conditions. ^ 



-o 



Be mindful, therefore, to vyrite the word "Czechoslovak" on every bond you buy r= 

through outside agencies. ..'rite that word yourself, and in case you are not ^^ 

allowed to do so, then simply do not buy the bond, ./e doubt, however, that any- 5 

body would try to prevent you from writing your nationality upon the bond. 2 



The Czechoslovak campaign office for the Twenty-ninth .Jard, conducted by Mr. 
Felix 3. Janovsky, is located at 1884 .Jest 47th Street and a very good start 
is reports-i on the first campaign day. 

The Reverend Frank .;. Jedlicka, head of the Fifteenth .Vard office, 916 North 
;Vestern Avenue, feels confident of success in his district. 

A large tribune was erected in front of the main campaign office, 3342 ,7est 



GO 



I G - 4 - BOHSMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 29, 1918. 

26th Street. A band played and speakers addressed the crowds. Llr. Cermak 

sent out several hundred young -nen and women to various banks and business % 

houses, where they will have stands to sell bonds. ^ 

It will interest our readers to learn that our Catholic communities are vigor- ^ 
ously pushing sales. Reports have been received from the Reverend Bozenek, 5 
chaplain of Saint Ludmila Church. An office has been opened in the parish at 
the home of Mr. 3tach, at 2419 South Albany Avenue. Special credit is given 
to Miss Otilia Pechousek, v;ho delivered subscriptions for $1,590 vrarth of bonds 
to the priest at an early hour. 



o 



ro 



Let us mention that the platform in front of the main campain;n office was erected, 
and dismounted after the cerenonies, by several volunteer workers, and that other 
exnenses were defrayed by businessmen of the neii-'lhborhood. 



I BOHSagAN 

Denni Hlasatel . 3eot. 27, 1918, 

PRaSIDii2JT i!IL30^'3 APPEAL S 

-3 

Facsimile of a hand-written letter concerning the Fourth Liberty Loan. "^ 

Full page donated by Denni Hlasatel Printing and Publishing Co. , 1545 ./est 18th -o 

Street, Chicago. o 




I a BOIISI/JAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 26, 1918. 

FRO:.I OUR .VAR LOAN C0maTT5E 

The Czechoslovak committee for the Fourth Liberty Loan canpaign held a neet- 
ing in its office at 3342 .'/est 26th Street, near Homan Avenue, last night. 
Mr. Anton J. Cermak is chairman, and I.lr. Joseph J. Salat, secretary. .7e take 
pleasure in stating that a lar^'e crowd attended. This consisted of bankers, 
businessmen, tradesmen, delegates from our associations, v/ard organizations, 
communities from churches, and a great many individuals. Everyone was fully 
aware of the high significance of the occasion, and the business was conducted 
accordingly. There was no idle talk or purposel:'=!Ss debating. Every word had 
a significance, and every motion was thoroughly considered before it was 
presented, 

l.lr. Cermak opened the meeting with a statement of its objective, and closed 
with these three weighty words: On to workl V/ithcut going into detail of 
the various notions, v;e may confidently declare that preparations for the 
campaign were so thoroughly v/orked out that success is bound to result. 



I g - 2 - BOJETv-II^T 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel, Setjt. 26, 1918, -.v^ 

^ V._ 

One point ',vas otiphasized as being of prime importance, i.e., that every bond 
boup^ht hj us must be credited to our nationality. I!e must shov; to America 
that Czechoslovaks in addition to beinf^ first at the front are also first in 
the fight here. For this reason, our neople should be instructed to buy 
bonds only from people who will give us credit for them. 

Before buying bonds, convince yourself that the purchase is credited to us. 
Many cases from the Third Liberty Loan campaign have come to our attention, 
where our people bought bonds in large numbers, which were credited to corpo- 
rations and other employers. This should be changed in the present campaign; 
we shall then surely be among the first in this duty. 

Messrs. Jos, A. Brabec and J. J. Novak, representing aid societies and brother- 
hoods, reported that activity in their organizations is in full swing. A new 
system of buying bonds will be introduced: The individual brotherhoods are 
to make a survey of members who intend to buy bonds, T^ie management of the 
lodge will then purchase the corresponding number of bonds and sell them to 




I G - 3 - BoiiarrAij 

Denni Klasatel . Sept. 26, 1918. f- vV\ '? 



*1- 



the individual members. The members will be allowed to pay for then in 
installments. Some brotherhoods have already begun to subscribe in amounts 
. from -5^200 to .1^500. 

Czechoslovaks of the T?;enty-seventh V.'ard are going to meet in the Zdrubek 
School, 4624 North Crav/ford ^venue, at 8 P. !£, today, Ivlr. Jos, Ringlis 
chairman of that campaign p:roup. 

. Heads of ward campaio:n organizations are requestin.^ all v;ho volunteer to 
work in the camnaijn to notify them immediately, and thus help to insure its 
success. Information can be had from the Czechoslovak Bureau, 3342 j/est 
26th Street. 



I G BOHaalAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 35, 1918. 

AN APP2AL TO OUR NhTIONAL HONOR 

The executive committee of the Czechoslovak branch for advancing the sale of 
Fourth Liberty Loan bonds met last nipjit, Ifr. Anton J. Germak presiding. A 
detailed account of the proceedings will appear in our next issue. Tlie main 
feature of the deliberations was a resolution to appeal to our people to give 
the campaign fullhearted support. Czech banks, business houses, and special 
substations distributed over the district will serve this purpose. Our cam- 
paif:n is to be conducted in such a manner that every bond bought by our people 
should be credited to our own nationality. Do not let us forget that this con- 
cerns our national honorl 

Do not allov; yourself to be persuaded into buying a bond in your place of em- 
ployment when you can obtain the same bond from people of your own nationality. 
No one can compel you to purchase the bond v/here you do not wish to buy. In 
case you cannot avoid buying the bond from others you should merely write 
"Czechoslovak" uoon the application, and the bond will be credited to you. You 



I G - 2 - BOHa.:iAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. P,5, 1918. 

will b9 qiven a receint immediately upon subscription, and if your employer 
demands that you credit the bond to him, you will simply show him your receipt 
and he v;ill not ask you again. 

By all means, however, subscribe for a oond. Do this quickly, and buy as many 
as -Dossible. 



I G BOHEMIAN 

I? 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 20, 1918, 

OUR LIBERTY LOAN CAMPAIGN 

^e first day of the Fourth Liberty Loan campaign met with full success in the 
City of Chicago, and particularly In the wards peopled with Czechoslovaks. The 
Tenth Weord, for example, sent in a report to the main Czechoslovak campaign 
office at 3342 West 26th Street, headed by Mr. Anton J, Cemiak, stating that at 4. 
least $200,000 worth of bonds were sold in the Tenth Ward on the first day. Ilie 
reports are, however, incomplete, according to Mr. J. A. Brabec, head of the I 
campaign in the Tenth Ward. Similar encouraging news is arriving from other 
Czechoslovak districts, indicating our people will not only be the first to "S 
fill the quote, but will over-subscribe, and so do better than residents of wards ^ 
much richer than ours. 

Subscriptions in the main office exceed those of all others. This is only natural. 
Ihe office is located in the Twelfth Ward, \i^lch is the largest Czechoslovak settle- 
ment in Chicago. Many of our fellow countrymen from outlying districts went there 



I G _ 2 B0HE3IIAN 

IV 

Deainl HLasatel , Sept. 30, 1918 • 

to buy their bonds. Sosae of our smaller communities have no Czechoslovak 
campaign office. Czechoslovaks came from Pullman, Kensington, Grand Crossing, 
the Thirty-fourth Ward, and other sections, for the explicit purpose of purchasing 
their bonds from the Czechoslovak central office, to ensure that their subscrip- 
tions will be credited to the Czechoslovaks. These considerations contributed to 
the fact that, in our main campaign office alone, over $75,000 was subscribed in 
one single day, Saturday. According to advance reports, more than $250,000 was 
subscribed in the Twelfth Ward. This figure is expected to be considerably aug- 
mented after complete accounts of the activities of workers in places of business , 
theatres, etc., arrive. Businessmen on 2oth Street alone have sold over $40,000 
worth. 

Our aid societies and brotherhoods are also acquitting themselves in a very satis- 
factory manner. The Homan Brotherhood, for instance, announces its subscription 
figure at $2,000. 

Mr. 0. Kostner, head of the campaign committee of the Thirty-fourth Ward, reports 



I G - 3 - BOHJ.11,^ 

IV 

Dennl lUasatel . Sept. oO, 1918, 

a minimun subscription figure of )240,000 for his section. This figure will, 
in all probability, prove to be a low estirr^te, but I.'r. Kostnar does not xvish 
to be too optimistic, 

Czech women have declared that they will work as hard as possible to make the 
Fourth Liberty Loan campaign a pronounced success. As the first step to that end, 
they called a meeting at Yojta I^aprstek school, on Honan Avenue, Representatives 
of our women's clubs and other associations appeared in large numbers, Mrs, I.'arie 
Smrcek, presiding, explained the purpose of the meeting, Mrs, Klara ICLaus and 
other mambers spoke, They decided to take subscription sheets and bonds and start 
their selling campaign Liviediately, 






C3 



Campaign propaganda in the Eleventh V/ard is being conducted by Mr, Ferdinand '-^ 
Svoboda, at 1808 SoutL Ashland Avenue, ;\11 true Czechslovaks there are expected 



I G - 4 - BnHMI.AN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 30, 1918 • 

to respond spontaneously* Mr« Svoboda is invoking the national consciousness 
of his fellow countrymen, and expects them to help in the campaign work. 






TO 



fSJ 



I 



III A 
I III D Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 20, 1918* 

IV 

HiUSIlIG IHE SERVICE HjIG 

Celebrations at the raising of service flags have come off in splendid fashion % 
in our districts, and encourage us zo further endeavor in this patriotic ^^ 
activity. One of the nost elaborate will no doubt be held next Sunday after- S 
noon on Earding Avenue where a flag v;ith fifty-five stars v/ill be raised, re- ^ 
presenting the nximber of enlisted anny and navy men from the neighborhood 5 

between 24th and 26th Streets y~ 

o 
Thanks to the zeal of o\ir ladies, mostly members of the Democratic Club of Czech jji 
Citizens, one flag after another is being raised in our "Czech Califojmia'* 
district. Entertainments of various kinds are alvmys included in the activities, 
so that these events have become extremely popular and have risen to the level 
of holidays for the neighborhood, 

brothers and daughters of soldiers from the neighborhood of Avers Avenue, betv/een 
26th and 27th Streets, will also raise a flag next Sunday, September 22, on 
which eighteen stars v;ill sparkle 



I G - 2 - B0HEI.1AIT 

III A 

III D Dennl HLasatel . Sept. 20, 1918. 

IV 

V/e extend sincere thanks to the public for its support at the celebration when ^ 

a service flag vras raised on Avers Avenue betv.'een 25th and 26th Streets. IVe *" 

also thank the women of the neighborhood v/ho have contributed so generously F 

toward zhe preliminary expenses. Aldermen J. 0. Kostner and John Toman, C 

Dr. J. Pecival, and J. A. Cervenka were the speakers, IJ 



( 



I G BOHSLIIAIT 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 17, 1918. 

TC C2SCH0SL0VAK PhTSICL\l.^S PdiD MJRSrlS 
Join the Czechoslovak Army in Siberia 1 

The Czechoslovak National Cotmcil requests all Czech and Slovak physicians and ^ 
nurses to volunteer their services to the Czechoslovak army in Siberia. ^ 

The Czechoslovak army will s.nd contingents to Siberia very soon, and all those '-' 

expecting to join should be ready to depart inmediately after being called. =8 

o 

The follov;inc are needed: seven physicians and surgeons — tv;o physicians for ^ 
internal naladies — two physicians, specialists in tuberculosis — tv/o physicians, j^i 
specialists in eye, ear and throat diseases — ten dentists — sixty nurses. 

Send your application v/ith your personal data, experience, etc., to the 

Czechoslovak National Coxincil, 
717 Pourteentb street, N. W. 
V/ashington, D. C. 



I G - 2 - BOHg.IIAl'I 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 17, 1918. 

Notice: This announcement is printed upon order of Professor Masaryk, presi- * 

dent of the Czechoslovak National Council, and concerns only those v/ho intend >" 

to sign up for service in the sanitary corps of the Czechoslovak army in "^ 

Siberia, Knowledge of the Czech or the Slovak language are unconditional C 

re qui rement s , 3 

o 

CO 

C9 
TO 

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I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

Deanl Hlasatel , Sept. 17, 1918, 

BBGISIEATION OJ CZECHOSLOVAKS 

Our readers have been informed In earlier Issues tbat, according to the com- 
mittee on public Information, "-.he Government permits registration of Czechs 
and Slovaks as **CzecboslovakE claimed as subjects of Austria-Hungary," and 
bom In Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, or Slovakia* ihls manner of registration 
is not only a point of honor for tru& Czechoslovaks, but is ezplicitly 
recommended by the Government itself* 

Uany Czechs and Slovaks could not, however, follow this advice, because in 
many stations this kind of registration ivas refused to them. It has happened, 
in fact, that seme of our Czechoslovak registrants were told in some stations 
that there is no Czechoslovak nation, and that there is no such state, whereas 
Austria and Hungary are states in existence, to which the registrants belong* 
Our men were then registered against their will as Austrlans or Hxingarians* 
Our own office, and our newspapers are In receipt of many such complaints* 



-> 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dcainl Hlasatel, Sept. 17, 1918. 

We have good reason to siirmise that such cases are happening not only in 
Chicago, and we urge our men to report to us immediately whenever their rights 
to register as Czechoslovalcs are denied. This concerns, of course, only 
noncitizens. 

* 

As a result of inquiries about what our men should do when refused registra- jl 

tion as Czechoslovaks, we were told by the Federal authorities in Chicago ~- 

that within a short time all of our registered men will be called before a '^ 
commission, where they will have an opportunity to answer all important 

questions concerning their status and other circumstances, and to declare cS 

themselves as ^^Czechoslovaks claimed as subjects of Austria-Hungary". ^ 

Theire will be no such thing as a refusal again. ^ 

Friendst Don't fail to repeat wbat you have tried before! Do not forget 
to send us the location of the registration commission, and the names of 
Czechoslovaks who were not allowed to register as Czechoslovaks t 

The Czech National Alliance, Chicago. 



} 



I G BOHjMI-\N 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 14, 1918, 

PROCLAMATION OF CZIiCHOSLOVAK IUDEP3NIIiINCiS BY U. 3. GOV^SNMSNT 

"^flhereas, the Czechoslovak nation has taken up aims against the German and 
Austrian monarchies, and has sent it3 owm organized nilitary force under 
ofricers of its ovm nationality, in complete accord and compliance with the 
rules and customs of civilized warfare, to the battlefield, where a combat 
is being carried on against the two monarchies mentioned, and 

'.Vhereas, Czechoslovaks, in seeking independence in the present war, 
have given full political authority into the hands of the Czechoslovak 
National Council, 

The Government of the United States recognizes that a state of vjar exists 
between the Czechoslovak force, organized in the aforesaid manner, and the 
German and Austro-Eungarian monarchies. 

Similarly, the Government of the United States recognizes the Czechoslovak 



» 



I G - ii - boh^>i;;n 

III ii 

EennJ! nlnsatel, J ept. 14, liilS, 

National Council -ts the uotuully v/arrinti {fovemf/ient endov-ed v/it i all aue 
authority Tor conducting Gzec:ioslov*d.k military and political operations. 

The rjovernmert of the Inited Jtates furttior proolfdms its readiness to enter 
into official relations "vith tie ^-overnment tnus recccnized for the purpose 
of prosecuting the "mr a£:ainnt tne ccmmon eneny--the (Jerman and lae rtUstro- 
Hiingarian monarchies." 



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I 



III H 

IV DennJC Hlagatal , SePt. 14, 1918. 
17 (Jewish) 

FUHLOUGIi K)R GZEC-IO^OV.iC dOLDI^RS 

The gigantic parade Toy which Czechoslovaks will nuinifest their joy over 
President Wilson's declaration of independence for tne Czecnoslovak nation, 
and testif3'' to their gr^ititude and loyalty to the United Jtates Govenuiient , 
would not be complete without soldiers of Czech and Slovak descent. In 
vicvi of this, Mr. iUiton J". Cenudk has requested Congressiuan ^dolph oabath, 
who happens to be in Chicago the33 days, to use his influence to procure 
a furlough for our boys ii^ Caiap Orant arO t'le Great Lakes Isiaval Training 
Station. 



50 



CcngressEU-in Sabath felt it to be his duty to act in this matter. There '^ 
was no time for personal interviews v;ith the commanding officers, or for fe 
v'.sing the mail, and so the congressman employed ais good offices by resort- ^ 
ing to the telegraph. To the general in canmand of Camp Grant, and Captain 
Moffett, commander of the Greet Lakes Station, he offered explicit reasons 
v;hy the participation of the Czechoslovak military men is highly des"' ruble, 



I G - 2 - BOhLaiiAg'j 

III H 

IV Sennf ii3.a3'it Bl. ^ept. 14, 1918. 
IV (Jewish) 

and requested that everyone of Czech or blovais desceat be allov/ed to take 
part in the immi Testation. 

Thi3 was granted. The congressnan recelvei a connunication from both 
conini^.nders that our boys will be excused from service today, 3atur:l )y, be- 
tween 9 .i..M. and 12 P.l,:., so that tney can be ^vith ti.eir fellov; countrymen :S 
in Chicago, ^ 

Since the telegrans containing this inforiaation arrived so late that officl-^ls '~ 

of the Gzech National /illiance could not be reacaed and notified. Congress- -o 

nan oabath publishes the information througli our paper. ',Ve are certain 2 

that the arrangements committee will assign our soldier boys a place of u> 

honor in the parade. They are z^in^ to fight for Czecaoslovaic independence, ^ 

the declaration of whic'i we are celebrating toaavl '^ 



II D 1 

Dennl ELasatel . Sept. 6, 1918. 

FROM THE CZECH ASSOCIATION OF AID SOCIETIES 
OF CHICAGO AND SUBURBS 

The United States Government has designated the period from September 28 
to October 15, 1918, for the sale of bonds of the Fourth Liberty Loan. 
Pressure will be exerted upon financial institutions to participate in the 
purchase of these bonds in proportion to their financial situation. Aid co 
societies, like many others, will have to participate, if they wish to en- 
joy the privileges and advantages granted to thei.i by the Government. 

These conditions were thoroughly discussed in a joint meeting of the Ceske 
Sdruzeni Vypomocnych Spolku (Czech Association of Aid Societies), held on 
September 1, 1918. It was decided to advise our brotherhoods to subscribe 
for bonds to the amount of at least one per cent of their capital, so that 
each brother hood will have purchased a predetermined amount. 

During the sale of bonds of the third issue our work of supervising 



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I G - 2 - BCHEMIAl^ 

II D 1 

Dermi Illasatel , 3ept. 6, 1918. 

subscriptions wtis not centralized in one location. .-\a a result of this, 

we do not knovj to tliis day exactly how much our aid societies subscribed. ^ 

To prevent a recurrence of this situation, our brotherhoods are reouested .--_ 

to let our coinnittee know the amount immediately after tUey have subscribed, p 

This will enable us to give inforr.iation promptly and accurately, whenever Z^ 

it is so desired by authorized sources. A cor.ir.iitt.ee of fourteen has been ^ 

appointed to call on each of our Czech aid organiaations, to counsel and ^ 

enlighten them on the importance of purchasing these bonds. Mr. Joseph a. g 

Brabec, 1423 West 18th Street, is secretary'- of the committee. The latter D^ 
is going to supply the variouA brotherhoods with subscription lists. 

Our United Aid Societies will be representee; at the State convention of aid 
societies, which in to be held in Streator, Illinois, from October 9 to 
October 11. As many delegates as possible should attend to demonstrate the 
strength of Czech aid societies. 



I G - 3 - BOHSinAIT 

II D 1 

Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 6, 1918. 



For the Czech Association of /dd Societies: 



John L. No vale, chairman, 
Joseph L. Voborsky, secretary. 



•9 



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I G BOHEIMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 4, 1918, 

BaaGRAwrs ai© the third liberty loan 

The following is a list, according to nationalities, of subscriptions made 
to the Third Liberty Loan by Americans of foreign descent. Ihe list was 
made up directly by, or under the supervision of, the foreign division of 
the Federal Reserve districts. 

Only fifty-five per cent of the total has been reported to us; forty-five per 
cent is missing for reasons not known to us. 



-c 



-rs 



The amount subscribed by Americans of foreign origin may be fairly estimated 

at $741,437,000, The total for the whole country is about $4,176,516,850. ^ 



ro 



Amounts in dollars: Scots 5,000; Albanians 230,150; Armenians 393,850; 
Assyrians 90,450; Belgians 875,000; Czech 31,750,550; Chinese 85,850; Bulgars 
2,100; Croats 153,900; Danes 2,353,950; French 3,107,850; Finns 191,750; 
Germans 87,295,000; English 337,100; Greeks o,838,70U; Hollanders 80,200; 



I G 



- 2 - 



30H3jIIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel, Sept. 4, 1918, 



Magyars 8,246,900; Italians 52,347,350; Japanese 28,250; Jev/s 16,737,550; 
Yugoslavs 4,200,250; Lithuanians 4,334,350; Letts 40,150; Norwegians 
5,987,550; Poles 37,583,700; Roumanians 372,100; Ruthenians 13,100; 
Portugese 1,711,150; Russians 2,599,600; Serbs 142,150; Slovenians 1,569,900; 
Sv;edes 6,011,600; Swiss 230,450; Scandinavians 72,950; Syrians 910,500; 
Ukrainians 129,500; Miscellaneous 43,988,400. 

/Translator's note: No item on Slovak subscription is given in the report_^ 









II B 2 d (1) 

Denni laasatel, . .u : : . :15 , 19.13 . 



(Suniaary) p 

Some of our readers laay De v;ondering why they get their nev/spaper in o 

reduced size nov/. They have had no inkling that the eovernment regulates ^, 
printed natter to such a degree that it prescribes the quantity of paper S 
which ir^y be used. The press is not the only one to attract close attention ai 
from the Government. Thore is more than one reason why the authorities 

should give to it even sharper consideration than to other enterprises 

/^ coliimn and a half of explanations of governriiont rulings follcwSjjT" 



II D 10 

III H Dennl Klasatel . Aug. 18, 1918, 

!,:0R3 V.'CHK 
(Concerning the Czechoslav Aid Conmittee) 

In yesterday's neetinr; of the Ceskoslovansky Pomocny Vybor (Czechoslav Aid 
Coirmiittee) in lilsen Sokol Hall .T.ore letters of thanks ivere read. Ihey cane 
nostly from Czech soldiers who vjhile in the Austrian army had been taken 
■prisoners by the Serbians. The latter released then to the Czechoslovak 2 
amy, V7hich at -nresent is fighting shoulder to sho\ilder with the French and ^ 
the Italians. There "''as one letter sent by Brother iSranek v/hich typifies ^ 
the sentiment of our boys. It shov/s how the aid extended to them is <- 

appreciated and the spirit in v/hich it is received. All ovoc soldiers are 5 
expressing satisfaction in being able to serve in France in the Czecho- 
slovak array as volunteers under the Czechoslovak banner. Conspicuous 
mention is made of the special recognition ofthe Czechoslovak aimy by 
France. 

A banner was presented to it by the City of Paris, accompanied by a 



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I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Aug. IB, 1918. 

document expressing appreciation of our army^s service. This document is 
going to be published. The flag was presented by the President of the 
Republic himself. Unanimous resolutions toward united action were passed 
in the meeting. 

Mr. Stepina, for the Aid Committee, is to make contact with Ur. Vojta 

Benes, secretary of the Czech National Alliance, for the purpose of planning % 

immediate action. New coworkers were welcomed. A great many gifts, partic- ^ 

ularly for the Red Cross ambulance to be donated, were received emd ac- ^ 

knowledged with thanks. Althou^ action for the purchase of the ambulance -^ 

has not yet officially been started, still the Aid Committee was in a S 

position to appropriate the amount of $2,400 for the ambulance, which is >- 

to be sent to Vladivostok under the care of the American Red Cross. o 

Authorities in Washington were notified, A staff or physicians, nurses, ^ 
etc., was recommended, and further lively co-operation in everyway 
was promised. The contributions of an ambulance each to France and 



I G - 3 - BOHSLIM 

II D 10 

III II Denni IQasatel , A\ae. 18, 1918. 

Italy will follow in the near future. It behooves us to point out that 
our ladies are takin^;:; on a large share of the preparations. L-any vvor.ien 
frojn our educational institutions are enlisting in Red Cross service, so 
that our campaign nay be said to be in full swing. 

The present time calls for higher requirements in all activities of support 
or aid, and everything has to be done to prevent one activity* s overlapping 
or handicapping another. This v/arning is emphasized in all statutes govern- 
ing the care of war sufferers, vridows, orphans, the maimed, or the x7ounded. 
The activities of the avixiliary bodies extend, of course, also to the support 
of our legionnaires in France, their v/idows and orphans and other surviving 
dependents, and not less to the aid of prisoners of war in Serbia. 

It is also necessary to establish funds for the support of widov;s in Bohemia 
and for widows here in .-^erica. The American Red Cross has promised to 



I G - 4 - BOIELJAi; 

II D 10 

III H Der.Jil lUasatel , Auc. 18, 1918. 

extend a helping hand to us in this field. A new soui'ce of contributions 
for the work has arisen frcii c^fts of people v/ho instead of lionoring their 
dead by flov;er offorincs r^lace the equivalent in money at the disposal of 
the Aid Cormittee. Such contributions have been received already, and they 
certainly are an example worthy of bein^ follov/ed. 

A comr.ittee consisting of v/ealthy and prominent Czechs has been formed in 
Hew York City of 'vhich the aim is to aid our sufferinp; people and soldiers 
and alleviate their hardships. I.Lr. J. F. Stepin:. , chairiaan of the Czechoslav 
Aid Corar.ittee, is a nember of that New York body. The longer the v/ar lasts, 
the more nu:nerous y;ill the needy become as the resxilt of it. There vjill be 
many more from the front in France and also from Italy, as a letter from 
£:ajor E. Konrad, dated at Rome, bears witness 



I D 2 C 

Denni laasatel . Aug. 16, 1918. 

UlvFITED STaT-S 3'iPLOTi'MJT S2H7ICE 

( Adve rt i s emen t ) 

Go to work, to important work, to the shipyards, anywhere. You have cer- % 

tainly heard the mighty splash of the wave on Independence Day, the splash ^ 

that announces that the time of impending danj^er has passed, and that a ;z 

better future is in siglit. You havr seen the iunerican ships forming a ^*' 

bridge across the Ocean up to the very battlefields in France. so 






In this gigantic work of shipbuilding, the United States Emplojrment Service ^ 
has taken a large part. In Januar:/ of last year thousands of workers were 
needed, and asked for, by the Secretary of Labor. At that time, when help 
was needed so much, the United States jinployment offices supplied tv/enty- 
five to twenty-eight thousand men per month. 

War industries are in full development. All sorts of devices are being 



I G - 2 - BOHSiaAII 

I D 2 c 

Dennl laasatel , Aug. 16, 1918. 

manufactured, and in good quality. It is the business of the U.S. Employ- 
ment Service to get many good men for efficient work. This iDmense activ- 
ity is the first step toxvard victory. It centers in the Employment office. 
It spreads over the entire lemd with five hundred branch offices. LJore 
than twenty thousand representatives of recruiting offices, and the Govern- 
ment reserves for public v/orks, are scattered all over the States, and busy 
in towns and in the country districts. They are looking for men to do the 
work, and for work for the right men. 

Vfer industries should hire their nen througli the United States Employment 
offices exclusively, lest they draw workers from places v;here they may be 
still more urgently needed. 

Lien looking for work should address themselves to the United States Employ- 
ment office;^ which will send them where they are most needed. 

The United States Employment bureau laaows v.'here to get workmen, and where 



I G - 3 - BOHBMIAN 

I D 2 C 

Denni I£lasa tel, Aug. 16, 1918, 

to direct them. -.Vhatever you may need — work or workmen — turn only to 

Uncle Sam's offices. *" 

Speak v;ith the agent in your district, or v;rite directly to the director 
in V/ashington. 



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United States lilmployment Service, ^ 

U.S. Departiient of Labor, 
V/. B. V/ilson, Secretary. 

This advertisement prepared for use of the Department of Labor by the 
Division of Advertising, Comriittee on Public Informetion. 

This advertisenent contributed to the winning of the war by Denni Hlasatel 
Printing and Publishing Co., 1545 'Jest 18th Street, Chicago. 



I G BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Dennl Hlasatel . Aug. 14, 1918. 

SELLING WAR STAMPS 

The campaign for the sale of war savings certificates is in full swing, at 
least in our own districts, and all indications point to success for our 
workers, particularly our ardent and self-sacrificing ladies. They report 
favorably on the reception given to them while soliciting, A number of ^ 

eases, however, give reason for complaint. The workers were treated not ^ 

only impolitely, but downright gruffly. Sometimes their offers were re- F 

jected in so rude a manner that disloyalty becsime evident. Some persons went ^ 
to a point Just short of attacking the workers, who had done nothing worse ^ 
than offer a certificate for sale. 



Two cases in particular were reported to us by a lady who has been working 
in a certain part of the 26th Street business section, (We mention in 
advance that this does not mean Czech businessmen, for they act at least 
decently.) One of the men, a descendant of Israel, refused in an insolent 



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I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel . Aug, 14, 1918. 

manner. The other told the worker that he is "king" in his own house, and 

would let her know it. The lady answered pertinently that his boorish 

manners will do him no good, and reminded him of the fact that the "kings" 

in Europe are on the way out. In both cases proper information was filed 

at the right place. Therefore, we remind our fellow countrymen that by 

buying certificates from the volunteering ladies, they do no favor to these ^ 

workers but, on the contrary, they do a favor to themselves. In acquiring 5 

certificates they are investing their money in the most advantageous way. 

By buying the largest possible amount they will, in addition, help the :- 

efforts of the government to dispose of a certain quota of certificates '^ 

within a predetermined period, § 



CO 



The certificates sell now at ♦4.19, and their value will be $5 at the 

beginning of the year 1923, The investment is as secure as cash, that -^ 

means, the safest known up to today. This investment is especially designed 

for the benefit of the "little fellow". It excludes big capital, for the 



I G - 3 - BCHSL-Lill 

I C 

Denni I^Ilasatel , Aufj. 14, 1918. 

amount purchased by any one person is United to ^31,000. j?\irther: lore , the 
certificates nay, in case of need, be exchaiif^ed for ready liioney at any 
tine. There is, therefore, not the slightest reason v;hy certificates 
shoiild not be bought eagerly — ti.ere should, indeed, be a scramble for 

then, 

Cne has not yet done his full duty when he has bought Liberty bonds. He 

should buy certificates, too, as many as possible, and not use flimsy 

excuses as is being done sometimes. It is our duty to buy Liberty bonds 

just as it is our duty to bui' v;ar savings stamps and v;ar certificates. The 

more one buys of thei-i the prouder he will be, after victory is vion, to 

TDOint to his share in the final success. Ui 



This is only a small contribution compared to the sacrifices our men in the 
amiy DBke in health and life. Yet snail services also are necessary, and 



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I S - 4 - BQESMIAN 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel . Aug, 14, 1918. 

they give satisfaction in the consciousness of duty performed. 

Therefore, buy certificates in abundance; buy gladly, knowing that you are 
doing a service for yourself and for your country. 






I G BOEEMIAN 

III B 2 

ni H Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 14, 1918. 

Ill C 

17 OUR V0UJMTESR3» FAREWELL 

Our Czech community saw their volunteers off last night in a most fitting ^ 

manner. The recruits went to Camp Stajoford, New York, from where they will .^ 

be transferred later, by the Military Committee of the Czech National p 

Alliance, to the Czechoslovak Army in Freince. There were about forty men, ^ 

possibly more. Mr. Urban, well-known friend of our soldiers, was their § 

host in his place at 26th Street and Springfield Avenue. After that, they ^ 

gathered and marched on 26th Street to Eedzie Avenue to the home of Sokol » 

Chicago, Eedzie Avenue and 24th Street. u^ 

The recruits were mostly men of more mature age, men who are determined to 
offer their lives for the old homeland now when personal service and 
sacrifice are needed most. They strode proudly, headed by a band and 
accompanied by members of our Military Committee. They all gloried in 
the consciousness of doing their duty, and they were loudly and enthusiastically 



^ ^ - 2 - 30] EI HAN 
III 3 2 ' 

111 E Deimi ja.asatel . Aur. 14, 1918, 

III C 

lY acclair.ed by the croivds on the streets. x"hey -.;ere saluted by 

"Ha zdar!" (Good luclci) by nany whose duty lies in a different 
direction but v/ho are fully avvare of the sacrifice these men are about to ^ 

iTiake • *• 

■The recruits v;ere av/aited in the 3ol:ol Ohio afro H'lll by thrones of men and ^ 

women most of v;hom had cone in responae to an appeal by tie Grand Lodge of the 5 
Taborite (jaborites) , v/hich arran^::ed the farewell. £ 

The Czech '.Vorkinen ' s oin^ing Society initiated the event with "The Star- C5 

Spangled Banner," after which the secretary of the Grand Lodce, Lir. V. 
Richter, introduced ttae speaker, Jr. A. Lueller, v;ho delivered a brief, but 
hearty, address in v/hich he praised the 'IfeboriteG and their relation to 
the sic-ificance of tlie day. Kis -.vords were received with ~.uch applause, 
.ifterward little I'iss Sranek frou the Cpt?trovna (.^inderg-arten) recited 



i_a - 5 - Bcii-i:i.,iAH 

III B 2 

III H Denni laasatel , Aug. 14, 1918. 

III C 

IV a poeri "I y Colors, Red and Viliite," beinc?; follov/ed by the ',/orlanen's 
chorus, v.iiich rendered "Kdo Jste Bozi Bojovnici" (Ye Soldiers of 

the Lord). .Vt the last strains of the chorus the recruits began to raarch 
into the hall, greeted by stormy applause. They assembled in the front of 
the auditoriuLi. First Lieutenant Holy, of the Czechoslovak iirmy, spoke on 
the Tat;orites of old and those of today. Professor J. Znrhal spoke in 
ilnglish, referring, in a very flatterinr; vray to the siseaker v/ho followed ^ 
hir:i, Dr. riiapp, editor of the Chica^^o Journal , v/ho has v/ritten many articles 
on the Czech nation, thus helping to spread information about it. Dr. Knapp 
spoke of Professor I.lasaryk in most appreciative terns, likening him to the f5 
famous Italian statesman, Cavour, through whose good offices England and 
France came to the aid of endanf^ered Italy, and helped chase the ..ustrians 
from Northern Italy, while C-aribaldi fought them in the South. He did not 
forget the Czechoslovaks in Siberia and in Russia, but praised their deterrai- 
nation and courage m fighting for their ideals. These they upheld even 
from the very moment when they vrer? forced to join the Austrian Ai?iiy, 



7K) 



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I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Aug. 14, 1918. 

III C 

IV which army they left at the first opportunity to surrender to the 
Russians, in whom they saw help against the age-old oppressors of 

their nation. 

Mr. Vojta Benes informed the gathering that, according to news from Paris, 
Alice Masaryk was sentenced to death. This announcement caused obvious 
consternation, (According to later news it was "the sister of General 
Masaryk,** Milada Jarusek, of irtiom we reported several days ago. J 

After the Workingmen's chorus had sung the American anthem, J. T. Smiricky, 
organizer of the Grand Lodge, thanked the gathering, and the recruits 
departed for the railroad station. 



BOBBMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 12, 1918, 

'MR SAVINGS STAllPS 'tJEEK 

There Is hardly a Tamily in Chicago that would not buy war savings stamps* 
Even the poorest are in a position to support the Government In Its efforts 
to bring this war to a victorious ending. The war savings stamps have been 
Issued particularly for families of limited means. However, there are still 
many who have not bought a sufficient amount as yet. Some people may think 
that if they have bought one or two so-called certificates, they have already 
discharged themselves of their obligation. Their reasoning Is, of course, 
wrong, and the v;ar Savings Stamps "(7eek will serve to set them right, and to ex- «]r 
plain how the Government relies on the support of the citizens of this country 
In every respect and, therefore, also In the sale of stamps. 

Women will volunteer for the campaign. They will urge people to do their duty 
at this critical time and either to buy now, or promise to buy one or two 
certificates per month up to the end of tills year. The stsimp week In this city 



3 

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I G - 2 - BOHBLIIAN 

Deniii Hlasatel , Aug. 12, 1918. 

is to begin Au{^ust 15. But the Czech settlement does not wait. It is 

beginning to work right away today. iS 

The "Czech California" district v;ill be tackled first, according to infor- p 

mat ion given by Mr. Jm, K, Fflaun, one of the most ardent workers in this C 

department. Me have mentioned the "California" district repeatedly and pointed 5 

to the vigorous activities of our ladies. They have again offered their ser- 2 

vices €Lnd have orgeinized in meetings held in Shedd Park, Lawndale Avenue and ^ 

23rd Street, irir, O'Connell, superintendent of the Hawthorne Post Office, C:^ 

gave detailed information on the work which they are to do. Several ladies "* 
have begun canvassing today, selling certificates, which can, however, also be 
bought from mail carriers. Buyers without ready money may sign pledge cards, 

A five-dollar certificate will entitle the purchaser to a badge, and a picture 
of General Pershing to be displayed in a window. The ladies will repeat their 
calls to any house which has not displayed the picture. Those viho hold a book 
with an incomplete number of stamps may buy the supplementary number, pay an 



I G - 3 - 30IEI.!LhII 

III H 

Jenni lilasatel , ^iUg. 12, 1913, 

additional nineteen cents, and go obtain the picture of General Pershing, 5 

Those vjho do not like to be called on by the ladies nay buy the certificates ^ 
in a bank, or in the Czech Bureau, 534^ .<est 26th street, and at the follow- -o 
inn other places o 

CO 



Denni Hlasatel , Aug. G, 1918. 

A].l of our .r-irls should Httend the patriotic celebration v;hich will be held in 
Douglas Park at 8 P.T.', , this evening, by the Fntriotic Service League of the 
Twelfth '.7nrd. There will be music, dancinpr, and other entartainnent. Members ';] 
of the Leaj^ue vdll give exhibitions in marching, and rood speakers will address ^ 
the fratherinp. Admission is free. Take your friends alon,?. T-ie public at ■•.'• 
lar^je is cordially invited to attend end advj sed to come early to secure a '^' 
place. 



X G BOHMLAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Aug. 3, 1918. 

STAND HSHE© OUR V/ARRIORS! 

{ Advert isement ) 

Our boys are facing the Huns to prevent terrors such as are being experienced 5 
on Belgian and French soil from descending upon America. '^ 

They are called on to meet the most cruel and cunning enemy ever faced by mankind, -pa 

o 
They need guns, food, care, and ships to transport them over 3,000 miles of waters io 
infested with U-boats, S 

stand behind these boys, who risk their lives to insure your safety I Lend the 
Government part of the money you have saved, to enable it to provide food, 
clothes, and ammunition for them. 

W. 3. S. — War Savings Stamps issued by the United States Government. 



«' I G - 2 - BOFimTATT 

Denni HLasatel , Aug. 3, 1918. 

Place your savings into United otates War Savings Stamps. 

•Let our soldiers know that you are with them. Buy V/ar Savings Stamps, and ^1 
try to induce others to do likewise I Lend your surplus savings to the Gov- ^ 
emment I '^ 

Lend to our boys over there , so that you won't have to run away before ene- 3 
mies over here . One Savings stamp costs 25 cents. Interest bearing Stamps 2 
cost ^.19 in August. 



Buy from your mail carrier, or a bank or store near your home. 

Donated by Denni Klasatel Printing and Publishing Company, 
1545 u'est lath Street, Chicago. 



"-J 
tr 



I G BCIIS'IAIT 

Deniii Hlasatel , Aup'. 1, 1918. 

FOUETH LIBERTY LOAIT 

The fourth carapaign for the sale of Liberty bonds will open at an early date. _^ 

It will be shorter than those which preceded it, yet a much higher aiTiOunt, p 

$250,000,000, is the quota for Chicago. In the last campaign :!)128,000,000 ^ 

was subscribed. The campaign is scheduled to begin in Septemoer and close in ■? 

October. :— 

'O 

The main campaign committee for the Seventh Federal Reserve District has been :J 

named. Its chairman is Anton J. Cermak, v/ho, at the saiae time, is head of the ^ 

Czech campaign section. This coijnittee met in the La Salle Hotel the day before ^ 

yesterday in the presence of I.:r. Charles H. Sweepe, federal director of the ^ 

Seventh District campaign, and L^r, J. B. !.!cDougal, federal governor for the C 

campaign in the district. After the latter had outlined the campaign, Mr. 5 

Cermak assured those present that the Czechoslovaks will do everything in their 2 

pov/er to support the United States on its road to victory. ^ 

'J* 



I G - 2 - EOHS!'LiVLT 

17 

Denni Hlasatel, Aug. 1, 1916. 



"Our boys were the first to join the Army, and are giving an excellent account ^ 
of themselves v/hich is attracting the attention of the public. The Czechoslovaks P 
have excelled others in patriotic sacriiice, and I am certain I speak from every ^ 
Czechoslovak' s heart .vhen I assure you that our people v;ill not disappoint the § 
GovernjTient nov;. Our slogan is, 'Everything for victoryl'" ^ 

—J 



I G BOBEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , July 23, 1918. 

^KE FIOHT FOR FREEIDOl^ 

(Editorial) 

Liberty is best appreciated by a nation to which it was denied for centuries— 

a nation kept in abject slavery. We Czechs and SloveUcs have had a particularly ^ 

harsh experience in this respect; and that is why our people in the old homelemd ^ 

rose in vigorous pi>otest, and irtiy our Czechoslovak Axny is performing acts of pr 

outstcmding bravery. We know that our people could not have done otherwise, ^ 

for they were led by the dictates of their hearts and by their conviction* ^ 

Our people perceive very accurately that the hour of redemption frcm century- 2 

old thralldam is here, and that in this critical time the moment of Just retri- ^ 

but ion has come. !>^ 



This is why our proverbied. dove-like nature has turned into one of steel and 
rock. Our people in the motherland revolt openly, in the face of Austrian 






I G - 2 - BOHSt.r[AN 

Denni HlaaatQl . July 23, 1918. 

spears, and our Czechoslovak Army is accomplishing ♦♦historic wonders'* of bra- 
very. It is only natural that these feats win sympathy for us everywhere. 

The world has always cheered an enthusiastic and sacrificing people. But 
Trtien all the details of our incomparable fight for Czechoslovak independence 

shall have come to light — ^when people know the real horror of our sufferings — %: 

when they have comprehended the immense airiount of work accomplished with 2 

comparatively small means—then their admiration for Czechoslovak valor will '^ 

be complemented by a no less well-merited esteem. This moment is swiftly '~ 

drawing near, -o 

o 

CO 

rs> 
tr 



I Or bcici.u.j: 

Derini_ laasatel , Jiily m, 1918. 

The United states Covern.'.ieut insures its soldiers in aiiounts of fron one 
thousand to ten thousand dollars. I/.t only tliat, but the Ck)vern..'^n'j has 
also tahen steps to protect the soldier from losin^-: the insurance to vhich 
he is entitled oy his brotlierhood. 



o 



N? 



It vjould be Oi" interest to us to knov; to .vliat de,;reo tlie .arierican soldier . 5*2 

is usin,- tiais protection; for v;e thinlc that orJ.:' a very SjuiII nur.iber are 
doinj so, .iccordin; to the l:r.7, no .j:ierican soldier can be excluded fron 
his brotiiei'hcod, nor can Iiis insurance be cancelled, Tnis applies for the 
duratioii of the -.var and one year after; but after such ti:ne the dues on tl^.e 
soldier's policy iiust be paid up lest it bocoue invalid. 

..'e believe tjiat these strict rej^oilations v/ill not have to be applied often, 
because rian^' brotherhoods are ^layinr the dues for their soldier ..leiribers . 



^i — .: — ^Ux-^i..X.:Ll. 

Deimi r.laGutel. July :;!, 191G. 

30i.i2 of tiie soldiers pay therisolves, -./hile rel;\tive3 pay i'or others. The 

.iiierican soldior receives '.i-jliei'' i^ay tlian tiny otliei' soldiei" in the v.'orld, i» 

and there is enou;}i r.ioney Inft J'or hir., even after his rdlitiJLry insurance ^• 

duos and ncntiily alloiir^nco for "lis dependents are dcd'act3d. "^ 

.;e h-r/G yet to I'.oar of an instance o/hcn a Cnech-.'.nerioan soldier v-as er-cluded ^ 
• from his bj-ot'ierliood for non-pay:.ient of dues — and \iq i-opc it -.;il.l never happen. ^ 
In case a soldier should fin:^ I'.iinsell^.? in such a predicarier.t, he should stand \»i 

upon the ri;-ht riven hiri by the nev; lav:. Cur Cr.ech brotherTr.iods have been ^ 

tahin,; a real patriotic attitude, and are acco:.iiiodatin!^ thei" soldiers in 
every '.7t;y. The 'Jesho-.Jlovanska I-odporujici .jpolecnot (Gzecho-31avonic Aid 
Jociet^.-; , for instance, relieves i&s soldiers frori t-e pa-r.ent of all but dues 
on death benefits, and v;e are certain t'r^xt other crcaniZ'-'-tions treat then in 
an equally brotherly i.ianner. 

ie should thin'c of v/hat is beinf- done for our boys v;ho joined the Gr.echoslovak 



I g - 3 - BOISIX'JI 

Denni Illasatel. Tuly 21, 1918. 

Arrnj'', v.t.oGO rnnliG arc constantly ::rov/in:-:. -l:ere aro probably only few who 
do not belonr: to sone or.-ani::ation or other, llie Vnited 3tates Ck)vern:ient 
ioes not ;::ucxrantoe then an^' insui'^nce, and their pay is rather small, so 
that they may really net into trouble about their dues; and this could easily 
jeopardir.e their insurance, '.,'e do not predict that this case vriLll arise. 
It is possible, hov.'over, for tlie soldier of the Czechoslovak Amj' is not 
taken care of as v;ell as Uncle 3am* s ::cn. 



I G BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , July 19, 1918. 

^UMOR OF HINDENBOEG«S DKAIH/ 

(Editorial) 5 

Rumor has it that Hindenburg had em Gdteroation with the Kaiser, suffered a XT 
paralytic stroke, and died. It is obvious from this that the only safe way :^ 
to argue with the Kaiser is to do so with a gun in band* .2 

ro 
— I 
en 



I G BOHEIOAN 

II B 2 d (2) 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 18, 1918. 

A MAP OF TH2 CZECHOSLOVAK STATE 

Americans are reading about our valiant Czechoslovak Army in Russia. The aver- 
age American has no correct conception of where Czechoslovak lands are located. ^ 
Some think that we are former subjects of Russia. 5 

If we demand an independent state we shall have to show that our natural loca- p 
tion is of importance to the Allies, just as is our Czechoslovak Amy. We ^ 
shall have to show that Austria-Hungary can neither exist without us nor against § 
us, and that America and world democracy would commit a grievous error if they ^ 
allowed themselves to be appeased by a "federalized" Austria. g 

We can uproot this fallacious idea by stressing the establiphment of an inde- 
pendent democratic Czechoslovak state and proving the necessity thereof. This 
can be done by the use of a map of central Europe with the boundaries of Czecho- 
slovak lands properly defined. The July number of the Bohemian Reviev/ contains 
such a map. 




5» 



Denni ELasatel . JviLy 18, 1918. 

OUR BCYS TO DIJP/J«' SATURDAY 
(From the Czechoslovak Conmittee) 

The enthusiasR evoked by the arrival of officers of the Czechoslovak Anny in 
France has borne fruit in the form of numerous enlistments for voluntary 
service. More and more of our boys have entered our anny during the last week. ^ 
One group cane from Nebraska last Tuesday and went sight-seeins in Chicago. :^ 

The Chicago Military Committee for the Czechoslovuk Army has been exceedingly o 

busy these days. Lieutenant Holy and Vojta Benes, school teacher, visited ^ 

Racine, Wisconsin. The lieutenant, accompanied by the Reverend Vaniscak, ^ 
recruited twenty-seven Slovaks in Joliet, Illinois, last Monday. 

At a large meeting in Town of Lake, last Tuesday, seventeen men signed up as 
volunteers, after Vojta Benes, the Reverend Vaniscak, and Lieutenant Holy had 



vX- 






I G - 2 - BOHaillAII 

III II 

IV Denni Klas?itel , July 18, 1916. 

addressed the meetiiit:. 

V/e are coing to bid fare-i^-ell to our Chicago boys, to those from Tb-'.vn of Lake, 
and to soriie fror.i Cedar lipids, next Saturday. There v/ill be about fifty of 
then. Czech Chica^-o will see them off in true brotherly spirit. iU.1 these .^ 

volunteers are to asseiible at the hall of Sokol Kavlicek-Tj'rs Satiirdaj'', July 20, "" 
at 7 F. II. Vie are requentinc our ladies and businessmen to contribiite sone « 

tasty morsels for the boys. This concerns especially our butchers and smoked .5 

neat dealers. The ladies rdrjit bake sone cakes and make coffee. They should ^ 

announce their intention of doinr so at tlie office of the Czech national Alliance, o 
I.Ir. ouchy's band v;ill play, and Brother Linhart, the first Czechoslovak here who *^ 
has becor:".e a v/ar invalid, v;ill addi-ess the reci-uitc, v*io viill then leave at about 
10 P. 1.1. 

Vie call on ovir Czechoslovak public to appear in lar^e ntuiters to give our boys 
our last creoting. 



I G - 3 - BOHSMlAtT 

III H 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , July 18, 1918. 

For the Czechoslovak Committee: 

F. Rubec, % 

V. Benes. i* 






I G BOHS?.!IAI-T 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel. July 14, 1918, 

ANITOUircS.Zia'IT -^iBOUT TELS C -.ECHOSLOVAi: AHI^ 

(From Lieutenant Holy) 

-o 
The Czechoslovak Arr/iy is a detached body under the high coniniand of the Allied ^ 
armies. It fights under its ovm banner against Gerraeoiy and Austria-Hungary, p 
In matters of politics it takes orders from the Czechoslovak National Council, '^ 
which was recognized by the Allies, some time ago, as the provisional Czecho- g 
Slovak government. A general, designated by the French government, and agreed ^- 
on by the Czechoslovak National Alliance, is comraander in chief of our army, 
Czechoslovak is the official language. The Army is composed of volunteers ex- 
clusively. They enlist for the duration of the v/ar. The nucleus of the 
Czechoslovak Army was the army formed in France; it is being augmented by 
volunteers from America. A large Czechoslovak contingent from Russia is on its 
way to France wtiere it will join the army. Detachments of Czechoslovak soldiers 
are fighting on the Italian front; they are an integral part of the Czechoslovak 
Armv, \>^ich at present counts about 130,000 men. 



CD 



I^ G - 2 - BOHEy.IAI? 

iff H 

Denn i Hlasa tel. July lU, 19 18. 

Uniforms pre "blno-sTny, with dp.rh "blue cans nnd snecisl Csechoslovak etr-blemj. 

Soldiers draw twenty-five cents oer dr..". Those hi.--ner u-n receive more. Besides 

this, every volunteer is ris^id twenty-five frpncs ner month. Ho deductions for 

insurance, support, etc, are r.a.de fron this ^ay. 5 

~a 

Wounds, sickness, or death pre taken care of Just ps with soldiers of the "^ 
French Ar.-ny, by invalid tension, su-^-^ort of survivors, etc. rj 

It is needless to say that the inde^iendent Czechoslovak state v;ill -oroperly take o 

care of its liberators. -^ 

o 

•J 

Every Czech and Slovak in the United States is urged to join this army if he ^^ 
is not in duty "bound "by his citizenshi-n to serve in Uncle Sar.' s Arn;:;-. The a?'e 
required is "between eif^hteen and forty-five years, and twenty-one to thirty- 
one for those witn only the first citizenship papers, or those in the ITo. 5 
recruit in?:; class. 



- 3 - BOHSTJAIT 

Denni Hlasatel, July 14, 1918. 

During the time of his service, the soldier is paid fifteen dollars for the 
support of his wife, and four dollars per month for each of four minor children, 
provided that such support is needed. The American Red Cross treats soldiers ^ 
of the Czechoslovak Army just like i^merican soldiers, -c 

Return to the United States is {guaranteed by law, fl 

New volunteers may apply at one of the nearest offices of the Czechoslovak g 
Military Committee, After a medical examination they are sent to the splen- 
didly fitted-out Czechoslovak military camp at Stamford, near New York City, 
and from there to France with the next expedition. All information can be had 
from our offices, and from the officers of the Czechoslovak nrmy: First Lieu- 
tenant Holy in Chicaso, Second Lieutenants Horvat in Pittsburgh, Spaniel in 
Omaha, and Niederle in Cleveland, 

For the Military Mission of the Czechoslovak Army in the United States: 
Antonin Holy, first lieutenant in the 21st Regiment of Czechoslovak Sharp- 
shooters, 



Co 



I G - 4 - E0Ii3!.g:rtII 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel . July 14, 1918. 

All Czechoslovak volunteers now with the Canadian or iinglish Army will be 
transferred into the Czechoslovak Army. 



so 
o 



Co 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 11, 1918. 

THE CZECHOSLOVAK MILITARY MISSION 

The Czechoslovak ATmy><-God * s own host, and crusaders of modem times — is 

covering itself with glory. Messages from faraway Siberia tell of the many 

obstacles which our army has to overcome in its hard struggle. Czech blood 

is being spilled for the rescue of Russia from the claws of German militarism 

and barbarism.... Of fleers from that Czech army have come to the United States 

on a mission — to call Czechoslovak youth into the fight for the motherland, Z^ 

for honor, and for rights. p 

-a 
Czechoslovak noncltizens between the ages of eighteen and forty-five may Join g 

that amy. Week by week numbers of volunteers are leaving for the battlefields. ^^ 

Those prevented by their status as noncltizens from serving in the American ^ 

Army or Navy should consider it their duty to serve the old homeland, and join J>J 

the Czechoslovak Army. 

Some time ago there arrived one of its first invalids. Brother Linhart. One 






I G 
III 11 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel. July 11, 1918, 



BOHBMIAI^ 



of his legs is gone from below the knee. VJhen they pitiod him, he spoke 
like a man of honor: '*Do not pity me. I am not ashamed to walk through the 
streets of Chicago, maimed — one legged, I would, on the contrary, be ashamed 
to be seen strolling here in good health. That, and only that, would make 
me feel ashamed." These are the words of a manl 



First Lieutenant Holy, of the Czechoslovak Army, will leave for a lecture 
tour through the States, to further his mission 



■5 



o 

CO 



I G BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , June 28, 1918. 

LET'S DO OUR DUTY TO RETAIN OUR REHJTATION AS GOOD PATRIOTS 

It is up to the Czechoslovaks to show the world that we are known, and not 
without good reason, as being among the most faithful patriots of this country, 
and that we are citizens of whose loyalty there cannot be even the remotest % 
doubt, * 

Today is designated as the '♦War Savings Stamps Day", The whole country is ^ 
astir, and many millions of dollars are expected to change hands in the pur- 5 
chase of War Steuaps* Should we stay behind? Should it be said of us that we ^- 
are lagging, although until today we have always been first in everything? o 
Certainly not I Just as we oversubscribed our Liberty Bond quota, and as we ^ 
were among the most generous of contributors for the Red Cross, so, the same 
token we shall score one hundred percent in the purchase of War Stamps today. 
Allow no one to say that he has done enough; for this is a flimsy, worthless 
excuse, used simply because we, here, have not really accomplished anything. 



I G - 2 - B0H5t.CTAN 

IV 

Pqiml Hlasatel , June 28, 1918. 

We have not made sacrifices or sxiffered from lack of anything. If we boiight 
War Bonds we have merely invested our money in the best possible way. If we 
buy War Stamps, we are again doing nothing more than depositing our money in a 
safe spot. 



-a 

5» 



Those who are really making sacrifices are our boys, who are fighting in France ■=:. 

for universal determination. We are expected to do all in our power to follow r" 

their noble example. Our soldiers expect it from us, for it will make their ^ 

struggle less hard. Is there any one who would hesitate? Most decidedly not, o 

for one must not and cannot be among the slackers, c^ 

Extensive preparations have been made for this "War Savings Stamps Day" by the ^ 

Czech branch of the agit^ation committee, Mr. Anton J, Cezmak, chaiiman, and 

Mr, J, J. Salat, secretary, are conducting business in the offices of the 

Czech branch at 3342 West 26th Street. They have enlisted a number of our ladies 



I G - 3 - B0HE3JIAN 

17 

Dennl Hlasatel , June 28, 1918. 

who will tend to the tagging. These patriotic vromen will busy themselves on 
every comer of the streets in Czech communities all over Chicago, Other 
workers will f oim "flying squads," and go to places of business and wherever 
people chance to be in numbers. Still others will call at every house in 
our Czech wards— they will not omit a single home. 

It is obvious that every phase of the drive has been taken care of and that F 
everything should roll off smoothly. ^ 

o 
He who buys one War Savings Stamp for $4.17 will be given a "tag badge". [^ 

Also, those who complete their "thrift stamps" up to the required amount will S 
obtain the War Stamp and the tag. '^ 






I G BOHEMIA!: 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel . June 22, 1918. 
17 

A MESSAG-3 -FROLI THE CZEGHOSLOVArC ARluY' COK^VEYiiD m ITS OFi^ICERS 

The same enthusiastic expectancy which awaited our undaunted leader, Professor ^ 
Thomas G. Masaryk, when he v;as scheduled to address our people, prevailed when ^ 
the news spread that representatives of the Czechoslovak Army v/ere coming to 'p 
Chicago, These representatives had been previously welcomed, but the reception L 
accorded them last night at the Pilsen Brewery Park surpassed all others, A 
special mass meeting was held for the occasion. 



-v.: 

SO 



CO 



Four young officers of our army were present: First Lieutenant A, Koly, C^ 
Second Lieutenants J. Horvat, Oldrich Spaniel, and Miloslav Niederle, Leaders 
from the Czech National Alliance, the National Alliance of Czech Catholics, 
6Uid the Slovak League had expected a large munber of Czechs and Slovaks to v 
attend this event, but they were astonished to see a crowd as large as the 
one that thronged the hall last night. Everyone was anxious to hear from the 
young officers who had already gone through the brunt of battles, and of whom 



I g - 2 - BOHaJIAIJ 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel . June 22, 1918. 
17 

each v/as doing his duty toward his nation, Each of them had also been 
a soldier in the Austrian Army. Our fellow countryiuen were anxious to hear 
these young warriors explain the formation of the Czechoslovak Array and the 
purpose of their visit to this country; for they knew that Czech Americans 
v;ould do their utmost to fulfill that purpose. V/e are fairly certain that "p 
everyone who attended the meeting v/as entirely satisfied, and departed with -C 
a sincere resolution to faithfully work for the cause which means liberty for ^ 
our people and the establishment of an independent Czechoslovak state, £ 



Those in charge of arrangements for this meeting had originally planned to 
hold it in the pavilion, ,lhen this spacious hall became overcrowded, and only 
a part of the multitude had been accommodated, IoT. Vojta Benes suggested that 
the meeting be continued in the open Park. The suggestion was accepted 
immediately. 

Mr, Benes soon announced the arrival of the guests, and at their appearance 









I_G - 3 - BOEaillAII 

II D 10 

III H Denni Klasatel . June 22, 1918. 
IV 

the throng broke into a tumultuous "IJa Zdarl" (To Successj), Mr, 
Rubringer's band played "Llarseillaise". l.'jc, Rubringer donated his services 
for the entire evening, American, Czech, and Slovak anthems and folk songs, ^ 
as well as numerous fiery Sokol marches, were played throughout the affair. 



3> 



-c 



The officers, our distinguished guests, were conducted to the platform by 

leaders from the Czech and Czech Catholic Alliances and the Slovak League, and S 

were presented by I.Ir. F, Kubec, head of the county branch of the Czech National 



•._ 



Alliance. Each of the officers v/as loudly acclaimed as the names were called, ^ 
l!r, Kubec took tlie floor and pointed out that the moment was of extreme ^ 
significance, for it marked the cliiiiax of the proclamation that the creation 
of the Czechoslovak Army is the crovming of our national patriotic efforts. 
The speaker pointed out that the best welcome vie could accord them would be our 
aid in the work they are performing. 

Mr, Schustek, speaking for the Slovak League, clearly shov/ed how much our 






I G - 4 - BaHJgvZAN 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel . June E2, 1918. 
17 

entire nation now depends on the Czechoslovak Amy, and hov; absolutely- 
necessary it is that every one of us give his fullest support. Llr. J. Straka 
of the Catholic Alliance spoke in a similar vein. He declared that our ^ 

Czechoslovak action has reached a stage in which far-reaching reversals may 5 
occur almost overnight, and that we have to hasten if v/e want to take part in -=:. 
the great struggle for the liberation of our old homeland. He also mentioned p 
the proposal for the founding of a Slavonic Legion in America, He again laid -v- 
emphasis on our obligation to fight for the freedom that we so fervently o 
desire. The applause that rewarded the speaker shavs that his words will bear ^ 
fruit in the form of increased numbers of volunteers for the Czechoslovak Array. S 

"The S tar-Spangled Banner" was played and sung, after which the next speaker, 
First Lieutenant Antonin Holy, was introduced. In private life he was a 
professor in the middle grade schools, the last grade of which leads to 
classical and technical universities in Austria-Hungary. He thanked the 
audience for the ovation which, he said, he v;as sure was not due him and his 



-o 



I_G - 5 - BOHELIIAI^ 

II D 10 

III H Denni Klasatel , June 22, 1918. 

i\r 

brother officers, but rather due to the Czechoslovak Army. 

"^'/hen we v/ere leaving France,** the speaJcer continued, "they asked us to convey 
greetings and expressions of thanks to their iiraerican brothers, and to urge 
them to join us soon. The Czechoslovak Array has not risen from naught. It is ^ 
the fruit of the deeds of a few heroes who were the first to shed their blood 'p 
for our cause upon the battlefields in France and Russia, without even fancying ^T 
what the results of their sacrifice would be. They went into the fight without ^ 
guarantees; they merely wanted to demonstrate to the world that our nation is £ 
not on the side of the murderer, but on the side of the Allies, and that Its ^ 

struggle , although of a somewhat different nature , is no less the bitter ^ 

Brothers, prove by your actions that you are going with us, forward, to the 
finish!" The speaker was interrupted by frequent and frenzied applause. 

Lieutenant Horvat, Slovak clergyman, declared that dissensions and antagonisms 
among parties have lost their significance today, and that we are all united. 



I G - 6 - BOESLZAN 

II D 10 

III H Dennl Illasatel . June 22, 1918. 
17 

"There are no differences in the Czechoslovak Amy. Czechs and Slovaks 
stand as equals, and shoulder to shoulder, v/ith one aim — to hunble the age-old 

coinnon enemy You in Anierica know what liberty means, tie want to build the ^ 

independent Czechoslovak state upon the same principles. He are certain to 
accomplish this — the Allies are helpin^^; us, and God is helping us. The sooner 

you join us the less v/e fear that you might come too late " The* speaker 

was rev/arded by wild acclaim which gave promise that enlistments in the 
Czechoslovak Array had received another mighty impetus. 



Lieutenant Oldrich Spaniel v/as the next speaker. He reminded the audience of 
how three Czech regiments won a victory against the Germans just one year ago. 
They v;ere, the speaker declared, the nucleus of the present army's strength. 
Lieutenant Spaniel gave a vivid picture of the battles in Russia. 

"It v/as a significant moment when the first Czech-American volunteers arrived 
in France. I spoke to them; I know them. There v;ere few of them. You could. 



.■j> 



25 

o 



Co 

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I G - 7 - BQa5LIL\IJ 

II D 10 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , June 22, 1918, 

r/ 

of course, not send iViOre in those tines, v/hen i^merica was still neutral. 
Today, however, our prograju tallies v;ith that of Ar;ierica, and nov; it is every 
Czechoslovak's duty to join our a^ny. Cone to us, learn to know us, and you 
will have grasped the meaning of our f it^ht for liberty in which vie all must -g 

persist." .^ 

I — 

Lieutenant Wiederle spoke of three fronts: one in the old motherland, one in ^^ 
the array, and one in .rtinerica. "This leads to the ouestion of whether we, here g 
in America, are doing as wuch for the cause as our nen in the motherland, our 
representatives there, and others who are detemined to place their heads upon ^ 
the headsman *s block." Tn.e speaker admonished his .Anerican countrymen not to 
forget their obligations to their nation. In regard to the military front, 
the speaker said that the courage with which the Czechoslovak soldier goes into 
the fight to defend that which is dear to all of us, is sufficient to convince 
us 

Before the close of this memorable meeting, lir. Vojta Benes urged the gathering 






I G - 8 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel . June 22, 1918. . 
IV 

to appear to the last man and woman '.vhen 150,000 menbers of Slavonic 
races are expected at the Fourth of July celebration in Douglas Park. He also 
urged them not to forget our women's organizations v;hich work on gifts for 
soldiers of the Czechoslovak Army, The result of a collection proved that his 
appeal was heeded by all. Llr. Benes also informed the assembly that tv/elve 
volunteers for the Czechoslovak Array are leaving Chicago tomorrow evening, that 
they v/ill be seen off by the officers, and that our people should be present in 
large numbers to make the occasion still more impressive. He spoke about the 
feelings of our people in the motherland, stating that those people would rather 
see their men dead ttian to see them come from captivity in Russia, and stay at ^ 
home at a time when the Czechoslovak Army is being built upj He laid emphasis ^^.^ 
on the American Czechoslovaic's duty to constantly replenish the ranks of our 
ov/n army in France. Czechoslovak America has promised its leader. Professor 
liiasaryk, to stand behind him. 

The loud assent which Llr. Benes 's exhortation evoked showed that Czech-America 



3> 



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I G - 9 - 30HEI.IIAII 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel . June 22, 1918. 
IV 

is sure to Iceep this pronise. After a fev.- parting words by Llr. Kubec, 
the iieeting was declared closed. The officers v/ere the center of attention. 
They -vere surprised by a special detachment of American soldiers, who are 
undergoing training in Mechanics at the Carter K. Harrison High School. The 
soldiers paid then military honors. Everybody v;as eager to greet our heroes 
frora the Czechoslovak Army, and everyone vjanted to be their host. The 
officers are the guests of 1^, Hajicek, Czech banker, and were served with a 
genuine Czech dinner prepared under the supervision of Mr, A. Schnabl at his 
restaurant on Trumbull Avenue. ^ 

--^ 
Cr 



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I G BOHZIIUJT 

III a 

I C Denni Hlasatel , June 3, 1918, 

AlI3HIGJilJl2:,iTION OF laZGiiAIIlB 

(Editorial) ^ 

Almost from the very beginning of the war, all public bodies, innumerable '^ 
patriotic organizations, and individuals betsau to bend their energies tov;ard C 
the Americanization of immigrants. As long as these efforts do not transgress '^ 
certain limits, no objection could be raised against them. Anyone must adcdt 2 
that it is the duty of every imr.iigi^nt to obtain his citizenship papers as 
soon as possible. The citizenship v/ill grant him the right to enjoy what j 
citizenship has to offer, but it also imposes all the duties upon him that go 
with his adherence to this country. In these times, even more than before, it 
is imperative that the citizen be loyal to his coimtry, that he gladly support 
the government, and make any sacrifice demanded by the emergency of war time. 

It must be adr.itted that at least some of the iirimigrants are mindful of these 
obligations* j?hey are, in the first place, the Czechs, Slovaks, Jugoslavs, Poles, 



■ J 

73 
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^ 



I G - 2 - BOKEIgJiN 

III G 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , June 6, 1918, 

and other Slavonic nations. Those peoples are always eager to shov; their 
patriotism on every occasion; their faithfulness can be fully relied on. 
This cannot, however, be said of the /imerican Gercians, and particularly not of 
the German-Anerican press. This is the reason lying at the botto-ii of the an- 
tagonisn shovm toward the iimigrants, and of the attempts made to Anericanize 
then instantly. 









Without this Genaan disloyalty no injustice would be done to others, For 
instance: Governor Harding, of Iowa, recently gave oi'ders that no language other 
than English nay be used in churches, schools, neetings, and other public places, vr 
This order is, no doubt, aimed at the Germans, but it is kept in force also in 
regard to other nationalities, including the Slavonic nationalities. 

Similar orders have been passed by local governments, and the sad fact reiaains 
that they hit sone of the most loyal and patriotic inr/iigrants. Patriotic organi- 
zations and many individuals approve of these severe measures, simply because 



I_G - 3 - BQffFIMI/^' 

III G 

I C Denni Hlasatel . June 6, 1918, 

they lack sufficient insight, discrimination, and cool judgement. It is 
fortunate, indeed, that not all people think alike, that the agitation has ^ 
not become general, that many have been amenable to cool reasoning, and are ^ 
ready to accept proofs. These people know that Americanization overnight is "f 
an impossibility. Among the latter belong the delegates in the recent con- i^ 
vention of the National Federation of Settlements — men who have been working ig 
among immigrants for a long time and know them better than do the people who 2 
want to make Americans out of immigrants in the wink of an eye, instead of 
allowing the process to become completed by natural development, and thereby 
producing the desired results. 

Graham Taylor, well-known Chicago sociologist, wrote on this problem in one 

of the recent numbers of the Chicago Daily News Mr, Graham's article 

certainly deserves the closest attention of many i\mericans, especially those 
of Governor Harding's caliber, who are slow to acknowledge the patriotism of 
Czechs and other Slav nationalities in the United States, and do not discriminate 



^ 



I G - 4 - BOIiSLILAIT 

I c Denni Klasatel , June G, 1913 » 

betv;e9n loyal citizens and Geinans or other alien enemies. 



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I G BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . May 19, 1918. 

TEOTH 17ARD FOR THE RED CROSS 

The Czecho-Slav-American Hall was the scene of a lively meeting yesterday of .5 

workers for the Red Gross campaign, Mr. 0. Kaspar presided. The mood of the ^ 

gathering reflected that vigorous enterprise which guarantees success. Attorney p 

Otto F. Ring eind County Judge Thomas F. Scully were present, besides prominent ^ 

citizens from the Tenth Ward It is to be hoped that still more ladies will g 

enroll as workers and so help our Czech Pilsen district to win a distinguished ^ 

place in the drive. Apply at the Kaspar State Bank, 19th Street and Blue Island ^ 

Avenue. ^ 



III D 

IV I>enni lilasatei , ^&y 15, 1918. 

coCTnTUi; i:i]HiTORious v;oHic 

Czech Liberty Bond Jariipaign section to 
Becone remanent Body — Czechs Top Other 
Imnigrants in oubscriptions 

The executive corAinittee of the Czech section of the Third Liberty Bond Com- 
mittee met last night in Ijr. ochnabl's place, 26th Street and Trumbull Ave- 
nue, to render an account of the drive ;vhich they conducted together vjith the 
Slovaks. It appears that the Czechs aiid the Slovaks take the first place 
among immigrant nationalities in regard to subscriptions. Through the efforts 
of the Czechs almoct six million dollars v;ere subscribed in Chicago and sub- 
urbs. Taking into consideration that other nationalities are represented in 
much larger numbers, as for instance the Germans, this fact must be regarded 
as a brilliant proof of the patriotic sentiment of our people. Lir. Anton J. 
Cemai:, chief bailiff of the municipal court, acted as chaiman of the meeting. 

After a lavish dinner had been served to the committee, LIr. J. J. Salat, 




- 2 - BOFTlIf.rrAIT 

Dennl Hlasatel , I.iey 15, 1918. 

secretary of the Czech section, rose to subnit the eagerly anticipated financial 
report, which embraced the results of the activities of the v;orkers in every 

subdivision of the Czech settle.T.ent fk list of subdivisions follows, with 

the anoimts subscribed_^ 

Besides these subscriptions, the Czechs employed by the V/estem Electric Conpany, i 
by Sears, itoebuck and Company, by the Crane Company, by the Union iJtockyards, and >• 
by various tailoring, iron, steel, sind real-estate concerns subscribed a total of "p: 
^1,500,000. Z 

-o 

There were 61,473 subscribers, and v5, 753,500 was subscribed all together. These 2 

are truly gratifying results, indeed, but the United States Treasury will receive co 

much more from the Czechs, since money is pouring into the central collecting ^ 

station from Czech settleraents all over the states. Small Czech villages and *" 
cities where the Czechs constitute only a very small part of the population have 
rendered a good account of themselves. 



I G - 3 - BOHSaaAN 

III D 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . May 15, 1918. 

Members of the Ceska Beseda (Czech Club) subscribed §25,000; the Lawndale 
Iteisonic Lodge $30,000; the Bohei.iia Lodge $85,000; the settlement of St. 
Ludmila's parish $35,000; and the settlement of St. Anezka's (St. Agnes) 
$38,000. Employees of the Pilsen Brewery Company bought $87,000 /worth of 
bonds7 according to Mr. John Cervenka, president of that concern. The re- 
port was received with enthusiastic applause. 






Itr. Salat stated that Congressman A. J. Sabath, now in Washington, D. C. , £ 
expressed great satisfaction when he received reports that the efficient -^ 
work done by the Czech section had won for Czechs and Slovaks first place -^ 
as bond buyers among all foreign-language nationalities here. Influential ^ 
circles in V/ashington will, no doubt, be properly informed about our credi- ^ 
table work. Our Czech-i\merican Congressman and the Czech section will see ^ 
to that. The first step toward this end will be a telegram to President 
Wilson. Alderman John Toman in making the suggestion recommends that em- 
phasis shall be laid in the message on the valuable work of the Czech- 
American press, without the persistent efforts of which our outstanding 



I G - 4 - BOHEUAIT 

III D 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Llay 15, 1918. 

success in loan subscriptions could not have been achieved, lo*. J. F. iStepina 
supplemented the notion by proposing that mention should be made in the tele- 
gram of the fact that Gzech-.'^nerican journals and Slavonic-.\merican papers in 
general have al'.vays maintained their loyal pro-American attitude, and that ^ 
neither during the war nor before it has there appeared a single item in their 5 
columns v;hich might be called objectionable or unpatriotic. In viev; of the -: 
movement promoted by certain circles to effect tiie total abolition of all for- 
eign-language papers the mention of tJxe liierits of our Gaech press nay have a :, 
wholesome dampening effect upon the spirit of suppression. c; 

It is proper to point out to our readers that the Czech section is considered :$ 
the best and the most nearly perfect organization of its kind in Chicago, and *" 
that, as ijr. Cera.ak stated, the organizations of other nationalities will have 
to adopt its methods if they really wish to emulate the successes achieved by 
the Czechs. 

A decision of major importance in its possible consequences was reached at 



I G - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

IV Denni Hlasatel . May 15, 1918. 

yesterday^s session, i. e., to make the Czech section a permanent institution, 
at least for the duration of the war. The Czech section has offered to the 
Government its services for any purpose whatsoever, and accordingly it laid the 
foundations ^or its continuanc^ at yesterday's meeting. As a result of this 
decision, the Czech section is now, since the Third Loan drive is over, at the 
disposal of the Government for the Savings Stamps campaign, and it projwses to % 
perform its duty with the same energy and ardor with which it has done so on for- ^ 
mer occasions. The means employed in this task will be ward organizations, the p 
daily press, societies, brotherhoods, emd last but not least, the papers of '^ 
their specific organization, as well as columns in other publications. Just as ^ 
was done during the Third Loan drive, so now again there will be a series of :— 
meetings, and in general, everything will be undertaken that may help the Czechs o 
and the Slovaks co come out of the enterprise with first honors. J^ 

The third item of discussion was the way in which the Czech section should as- 
sert itself and give an account of itself in the impending campaign for the 
Red Cross. After various suggestions had been made, a system was decided on 



I G - 6 - BOHSMIAI^ 

III D 

IV Dennl IILasatel . l.^y 15, 1913. 

in which the bulk of the populace is to be divided into giwups according to 
occupation and then approached and canvassed by raenbers of special coinrnittees. 
The latter have already been najiied. This method was partially put into prac- 
tice yesterday in the meeting of the Czech section. The nembers of the con- 
mi ttee, as a group, collected contributions for the Red Gross from themselves. 
Some of the amounts follov/: I-iessrs. Anton J. Cerraak, J. F, Stepina, and John :^ 
A. Gervenka, .;?100 each; Alderman Joseph 0. Kbstner and Mr. John Toman, ^50 p 
each. £J 

5 

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I G Boirj:j.iiAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , May 15, 1918. 

TEE Tl'JSLFTH V/ARD IN THS RED CROSS AND 
SAVINGS STAMP DRIVE 

A meeting of workers for the Red Cross and VJar Savings Stamps drive was 
held last afternoon in iilr. Anton J. CermaK's office and presided over by- 
Mr. Cermak, chief bailiff of the municipal court and chairman of the Czech r 
section of the American Red Cross. aII precincts of the Twelfth Aard were ^ 
represented, ii-. cermak explained the purpose of the meeting in the follow- - 
ing remarkable speech: r 



"Gentlemen: I have called you for a discussion of the best ways and means 
to be employed in the Red Cross and '.Var Savings Stamps drive. First come 
the Stamps; when we finish, the Red Cross campaign will be joined by us. 
There is no one among you, I am sure, who does not comprehend the necessity 
for this work. There is no one among you v.ho would not shovi/ his love for the 
homeland by doing all that is in his power. First, 1 should like to read to 
you some of the letters from our boys on the fighting front. They demonstrate 



>• 



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I Q - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , May 15, 1918. 

clearly that our soldiers are very well aware of what we are doiag here in 

their behalf anu of the joy v.ith which we are following their activities.'* ^ 

Mr. Cerraak read the letters, troi-i the contents of which it is evident that 'p 
OTir soldiers are closely informed concerning; what is being done, and also C 
that they feel proud of being thought of so much. There is a grave undertone ^ 
in sojae of these messages, particularly when the hardships of war are men- 2 
tioned. All of them, however, reflect confidence in ultimate victory for the ^ 
just cause. In them all grateful mention is made of the Red Cross which 
gives our soldiers motherly care. Some of the letters breathe humor, such as 
one describing the pleasure which the soldiers derived of phonographs while 
they were still in training camps. The letter continues; 

"Now, however, we hiive different iuusic. Bullets ?.1ii3tle past our ears, and 
shrapnel plays merrily around us. By gollyJ it's beautiful music when a 
fellovj gets used to it." 



re 



I G - 3 - BOHSiJAy 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , iiay 15, 1918, 

After reading /the letter87f ilr. Cermaic proceeded: 

"This week is lei't for the Steraps. 7'Al, go froa house to house, from one % 
family to another, and try to obtain a signed pledge _^ro;a each -pevsonj that ^ 
he or she will buy stamps regularly for the rest of the year. Kert week we r= 
shall begin to work for the biggest and noblest institution in the world, ^ 
the Red Cross. 7,'e wish to point out to you that the main object will be not 3 
to acquire members but to obtain contributions from good-hearted, well-mean- >2 
ing people. TVe are sure to receive abundant contributions. Indeed, every 'S 
one knows today what the Red Cross means. It is the second mother of our 
soldiers, the iuother that follows them everywhere they go. It cares for them 
in the camps over here; it cares for them on the voyage across the ocean; it 
cares for them on the battlefield; it nurses the;n in hospitals; and it watches 
over them when they become prisoners. The Red Cross aids many soldiers' fami- 
lies and seeks to alleviate their sufferings. No one can fathom how badly the 
Red Cross is needed, or how important it is for us to support it. In Russia 
the soldiers are tightly bound before operations, since there are no 



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I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , May 15, 1918. 

anaesthetics. In German camps, again, prisoners are so badly starved that ^ 
if one of them spills some soup, the rest of them rush to lick it from the 5 
floor. The Red Cross steps in in cases like this, >-^ 

r~ 

•*If you bring these conditions before the eyes of our people, they will not "I^ 
skimp. Chicago needs six millions this time. Let's see to it that our g 
people contribute the lion's share." ^ 

to 
ro 

Judge Harry Fisher, Alderman James Bowler, and both the aldermen of the ^ 
Twelfth TPard, Messrs. Joseph I. Novak and Otto Kerner, also addressed our 
delegates. There v.ill be two more meetings, and a big parade will be held 
this week. 



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I G BOHS!.n:AJT 

I c 

17 Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1918. 

FOR 'HXR SAVniGS STAMPS AI© THE RED CROSS 

Lively workers have not found much time for rest after the Third Liberty Loan 
drive, and they are not to get it now either. We know, however, that men and 
women will gladly respond. The task before us during this week is the promo- '^ 
tion of the sale of War Savings Stamps and the solicitation of Red Cross member- r^ 
ships and contributions. The Third Liberty Loan campaign has brought much credit-^) 
to the Czechs, placing then above all other immigrant nationalities here. Our o 
willingness to support the prosecution of the war against our age-old enemies, i^ 
the Germans, has been recognized in .Vashington and by the American people in § 
general. 

Exactly as we have become conspicuous by our vigorous participation in the 
Third Liberty Loan, so now we must excel the achievements of all others in the 
drive for the sale of War Savings stamps and for the benefit of that sublime 
humanitarian institution, the American Red Cross. There is certainly not a 
single Czech-American who is not, deep down in his heart, convinced that it is 



cr 



I G - 2 - BQEB'IAIT 

I C 

IV penni Hlasatel . I.'.ay 14, 1918, 

absolutely necessary to support the government in every possible manner. This 
enormous stru£:e:le v/ill save democracy and give liberty to the small nations, 
amone- which is our ovm Czech fatherland. 



3* 



Should any one feel like complaining, he should instantly consider that all ^ 

that we have been doing for the cause up to the present is nothing in compari- Z^ 

son with what our boys are accomplishing on the battlefield. They shed their Ig 

blood for the Starry Flag to keep the enemy from seizing upon our own land, 2 

They are dying for that most sacred and noble ileal, for which heroes ever ^ 

have given their lives, the liberation of subjugated nations. ,'[hat is our ^ 

work when viewed beside theirs? *** 

No one should hesitate to call on our people arain and again when help is 
neededl This pure, patriotic people of ours is fully conscious of its obliga- 
tion and reudy and glad to fulfill it. Every child in America knows nowadays 
tliat this is a life-and-death struggle, and that a nation can v/in only v;hen 
its people are determined to sacrifice everything demanded — and even more. 



I G '■ - 3 - BCH5t!IA^T 

I? Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1918» 

You are the second firing line, the second array of volunteers, who will contrib- 
ute to the ultimate victory even as our boys over there, who are dying on the 
field of honor — on the field of tlory. 

All those who worked in the Third Loan drive, precinct captains and their work- 
ers, or members of organizations, or individuals, you should all report for wort 
in this great patriotic servicel 3 

For the moniont it is the sale oi' ;«ar Savings Stamps v/hich is foremost. Je havep 
to admit that we have, to some ex cent, neglected our duty in the drive for the ^^ 
sale of ,'/ar Savings Stamps. But v/e cannot afford to neglect anything or to be g 
outdone by anybody'. A'e must be the first in everything:, and therefore — also in^ 
this matterl ^ 

cr 

All who want to work should report to the Czech Bureau, ^347 ;;est 26th street, 
near Homan Avenue (offices of Cermak and Serhant) , You will receive cards, 
which will serve as receipts. You will call on every Czech family in the 



I G - 4 - BOIISFIAN 

I C 

IV Denni Hlasatel , May 14, 1918, 

neighborhood and try to induce every one of their members to sign a pledge to 
buy War Stamps regularly. 

Workers of the Twelfth V/ard nay apply, besides the place mentioned above, at ^ 

the offices of the two alderraen, Messrs. Joseph I. Novak and Otto Kerner, In ..^ 

the Thirty-fourth '.Vard you may apply to the two aldermen, Messrs. Joseph 0. p 

Kostner and John Toman. In the Tenth '.Vard the two aldermen are Messrs. F. '^ 

Klaus and McNichols. In the Eleventh Ward Mr. Morris Sabath will take care g 
of you. 



CO 
ho 



We are addressing ourselves particularly to the chairmen and the secretaries D^ 
of our organizations, who can accomplish very much by speaking to their fellow 
members about the Savings stamps. How easily and efficiently this can be done 
is shown by an example: 

The Narodni Telocvicny Klub (National Gjnnnastic Club) , located at 1831 south 
Racine Avenue, has 203 members, who have unanimously resolved to sign the pledge, 



• LA - 5 - Dcnst.aAiT 

-lie 

17 Dennl Hlasatel , May 14, 1918. 

This is the work of Mr. F. J. Eeran, treasurer. There are 23 members in mili- 
tary service at thatl 






I G BO:i:iL:L^ 

III D 

■^ Denni :aasatel , L'.ay 15, 19id, 

V/AR SAVINGS STAJ-O-^S DRIVii 

....In order to riake the caipaign nore effective, trie demonstrations were i 

spread all over the city, w.iich for this purpose had been divided into dis- 5 

tricts. One of taose was the soutriv.'est district which aas a large popul^^tion 'p 

of Gzecaoslovaks. Two dei.ionst rat ions v;ere .leld siinultaneously, one in "Gaech U 

California," tae other in the "Czech Plzen" (Czec.i Pilsen) district. In botn ^ 

these places our people gave a dignified account of themselves. £ 

The Czech California event began at the soutn end of Douglas Park, wliere t:^ 
thousands of people crowded around tae speakers' platfom in spite of the rain- 
soaked ground. The Pilsen aistrict affair centerea around Dvoralc Park, with 
a no less enthusiastic response frofi our people. 

The parade preceding the gathering at Douglas Park was conposed of four 
divisions, one of v/hich had for its starting point Crawford .ivenue and 26tn 
Street, the second Crav/ford .^^venue north of Tivelfth Street, tlie tnird Twelftn 



I G - 2 - Bo:-L;:..:i.-^>i 

III D 

IV Dennl ■aasatei . Hay 13, 1918. 

Street west of Crawford Avenue, and the fourtn Ogden .^venue east of Crawford ^ 

Avenue. 3acii of tliese sections .lad ^nong its marciiersT^ nenbers of many of 5 

our organizations, firemen, policeaen, and above -ill, large nuitibers of our ^^ 

youngsters v/ho attend scliool. There were also students fron our Red Gross p 

schools for nurses, veterans of the Span ish-.jneri can '.;ar, and several bands, '^ 

among which the band from the Grant Park training camp, with many Czech 3 
members v;as conspicuous. 

It may fairly well be claimed that the California parade had a preponderantly 
Czech character. The speakers were Messrs. F. J. Kubec, leaaer in tae Czech 
National iJ.liance, Toll, head of the campaign district, and Scliiic, a soldier 
of Pershing's army w:io is here to recuperate from wounds. 

The comer of Blue Island ^vvenue and 18th Street was tae meeting point of 
those who celebrated at Dvorak Park. They march^ad on 18th Street east to 
yialsted Street, south to 19tii Street, and v/est to Viood Street, whence tiey 
preceded east to tae Park. This parade Wcis big an^ colorful, for besides 



o 



00 

o 




- 3 - 30iiJira.>iT 

Deani ::iasat,el , Lay lo, lyl8. 

the I.:arine Band and soldiers, t-iere v;as also a strong body of Croatian ookols, ^ 

many of our brotaers tne Jlovaks, and children froiri Dvorak p-^rlc lea by 5 

Director Kodl, representing by taeir fomation tne .jnerican flag, a. Multituae ci 

was waiting for t.ien at t le Park, wuere ex-Govenor Richard Yates was tne r- 

principal speaker. County Judge Thomas F. Jcully and Lr« ".alii am K. Pflaura ^ 
also spoke. The credit for X?As niguly successful demonstration is due to g 
businessmen and otaer joutiiwest Jide v.'orkers aeaded by F. J. Bilek. ^ 

The sale of V/ar Savings Stamps made very good progress. Congressmen ix, J.Sabath tr 
was prevented by urgent business in V/asiington from addressing the crowds. 
He sent a subscription of >^200 for stamps 

War Savings Stamps may also be bouglit frcan any mail carrier on montuly or even 
weekly installments. 



II A 2 

IV Denni laasatel . my 12, 1918. 

•A PROUD WAR LOAll RECORD § 

The great success with which the Third Liberty Loan canpaign net in the Chicago p 
Tenth Vferd is not merely a local achievement — it is a telling demonstration of 
the loyalty of the Czech populace and will cause the nar.ie of the Czech nation 
to be forever linked with the historj'" of the United States. 



-o 
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CO 

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But let us not use words; let us talk in fi£ures. Today, after the Tliird Liberty D^ 
Loan canpaign, we know that the Tenth w'ard has subscribed for a million and a 
half dollars' ^orth of bonds/. 

Mr. Otto Kaspar, vice-chainnan of the board of directors of the liaspar State 
Bank, was chaiman of the committee which conducted the campaign in the Tenth 
Ward. He did not have much tine to prepare for his v;ork. Yet the activity de- 
veloped by him and his committee made the Liberty Loan drive a veritable contest, 
and the places of bond sale were constantly besieged by eager buyers. No less 



1-2 - 2 - BOHEI.IIAN 

II A 2 ^ 

,IV Denni laasatel . I.:ay 12, 1918. 5 

than 8599 people bought their Third Issue bonds at the l<jaspar State Bank it- ^ 

self: t; 

CD 
CO 



IV 

Deimi Hlasatel , L&iy 12, 1918. 

THE RED CROSS 

Jfore work, very important work, is waiting for us, and the help of eill is 

needed. Anton J. Cermak has been appointed chaimian of the coiaiaittee vjhich g 

is to conduct the Hed Gross campaign among Chicago Czechs. The campaign 'r' 

will last fron L^ay 20 to liay 27. ^ 



All those v/ho tool: part in the previous Liberty oond campaign and those who 
want to join the ranks of the workers for the coming drive are requested to 
report at the offices of the Czech section at 3347 ./est 26th Street — Cemak 
and Serhant. They will be supplied with badges, literature, and everything 
else necessary for the work. In order to make our efforts produce splendid 
results, it is necessary that one or two workers operate in each block. 

Anton J, Cemak, chairman 






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I G BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . May 11, 1918. 

/mR SAVINGS STAiSESj 

(Advertisement) 

Veek from May 11 to May 18 — Illinois Should Pledge ^ 

Itself during This Time to Buy War Savings Stamps — 5 

Now — let's join handsl -^ 

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Everybody can pledge himself to buy War Savings Stajnps regularly during the ^ 

year 1918. Nobody is too important to buy V/ar Savings Stamps. Nobody is § 

too insignificant. Now, let us join hands, employer and employee, banker ^ 

and bootblack, wholesale merchant and news'ooy, society lady and washerwoman, ^ 

student and common laborer! t« 

All Americans, all Allies, all determined to support Uncle Sam to the limitl 

We must win the war! 77ar Savings Stamps are the most beautiful emblem of 
American humanitarian government. Every one of us cein afford to have them. 



I - 2 - BOKi^MIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , May 11, 1918, 

Any one who has not got theia ought to be ashamed of himself. 

Pledge — Week of May 11 to May 18 

Sign a pledge to buy and to continue to buy I Promise to buy weekly and monthly 5 
a certain amount, for the whole year I Pledge yourself to buy what you can — ^^ 
then keep your wordj p 

i 




Dennl Hlasatel , May 8, 1918. 
MERITORIOUS ,VOHK RECOGMZSD 



Reports showed that 900,000 persons subscribed to the TMrd Liberty Loan in 
Chicago. Of these, 350,000 belonged to the "foreign-language" division, ie 
Czechs may well be proud of our record, for 60,000 of our fellow countrymen 
have invested :&5,000,000 of their savint^s in the Third Liberty Loan issue. 



2 



A meeting of members of the various committees of the Third Liberty Loan cam- 
paign was held in the Morrison Hotel, and all nationalities v;ere represented. p 
The Czech section was represented by Anton J. Cermak, chairman; J. J, Salat, C 
secretary; Frank Hajicek, treasurer; John A. Cervenka, and William K. Pflaiim. ."g 
The Czech press was also represented. 2 






Ill 


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II D 1 


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III 


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I G BOH^TIA?" 

Dennl Hlasatel , May 5, 1918. 

raOM OUR SOCISTI^-S 

The question of licenses for the sale of alcoholic beverages in places of enter- 
tainment and at gatherings of various sociable organizations appears to have £ 
been definitely settled. News recently came from Washington, D, C. to the -2 
effect that, after conferences with Secretary of the Navy Daniels, the Federal ^ 
Government has decided to prohibit the issuance of licenses, at least for the r" 
duration of the war. This is a war measure. The government wishes that it be o 
complied with, as it is considered essential and necessary for the successful 5 
prosecution of the war. It is, therefore, imperative that every good citizen ,^ 
heed the order. S 



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Many clubs, associations, etc., will, no doubt, be hard hit by the measure. 
With high expenses connected with the arrangement of entertainments, the very 
continuance of social affairs seems out of the question. Deficits will be 
frequent. The natural result will be a marked decrease in the number of 



I G - 2 - BQHS!rrAN 
III B 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel , May 5, 1918, 
I B 2 

III D entertainments, and a consequent curtailment of social activities* -g 

The taboo on the sale of alcoholic beverages does not come as a sur- 5 
prise, for it was rumored for weeks that the end of the bar license was in ^ 
sight, r^ 

•9 

The decision of the Government is evidently the result of pressure exacted by 3 
prohibition elements. It cannot be denied, however, that those in charge of ^^ 
arrangements of entertainments are often to blame. Decent clubs have always 3 
conducted their affairs within the confines of the law; they are not the guilty ^ 
parties. The blame is with diverse, undercover, and justly suspicioned clubs 
that sold liquor to soldiers and navymen, well knowing what they were doing. 
Police authorities should have used discrimination in issuing licences to phady 
elements. Orderly organizations have to suffer with others who shun the lime- 
light, and vho should, indeed, be put out of existence. 

The Cesko-Slovanska Podporujici Spolecnost (Czecho-Slavonic Aid Society) dis- 
cussed a motion that the Society pay all dues for its members now enlisted in 



L^ - 3 - BOHB?^IAJT 

III B 2 

II D 1 Denni Hlasatel , May 5, 1918. 
I B 2 • 

III D military service. The origin of this proposal was a letter from 

Captain Fierlinger, representative of the military committee of the 
Czechoslovak National Council, asking that this privilege be granted to the 
volunteers of the Czechoslovak Army. The Narodni Hlavni Had (National Main 
Order) publishes the following announcement in regard to the request: 

"The National Main Order of the C.S.P.S. recommends the proposition to the con- 
sideration of the various orders, urging them to f!;rant the benefit to all members 
who have enlisted as volunteers in the Czechoslovak Army or in the United states 
Army or Navy, and also to draftees. The main Order of the C.S.P.S. itself has 
no funds out of which it could pay these dues; it also cannot impose special 
dues upon members out of ii*iich these benefits would be paid. The various orders 
of the C.S.P.S. should take this burden upon themselves. They will be able to 
discharge this patriotic duty without seriously straining their purses. We 
are asking the orders to pay for soldiers wherever necessary, W© also ask them 
to take special care of our boys in the Czechoslovak Army, and also care for 
their families. 



—J 



I C 

Denni Illasatel , Way 4, 1S15. 

CZZJGH DAY 
A !v^gnificent Manifestation 
Promoting The Third Liberty Loan 

Czech-Americana have never forgotten their motherland, and yet they have 
always shown that they are good citizens of this country who can be relied 
on in the critical days of war as well as in times of peace. They can be 
relied on now when the United States needs loyal citizens more than ever. 
The Czech-Americans have attested to their faith on innumerable occasions, 
the latest being the response they gave to the call issued by the Third 
Liberty Loan campaign, and its foreign language committee in particular. 
The latter has given an opportunity to each nationality of this city to 
show to what extent it is interested in the v;elfare of its adopted country. 
This opportunity was hailed by the Czechs and used in fu-1 measure so that iil 
the results left no doubt as to the Czechs' sentiment. 



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I G - 2 - B0I-Or.,IIAN 

I C 

Deani Hlasatel , lAay 4, 1918. 

'Today, the last day of the ca.'apaign, ;ve are in a position to annoonce that 
our patriotic efforts have borne abundant fruit. Czech Day was held in 
order to stimulcte our people and interpret their s3nti.Tient, The activities 
began early in the mornin3. Th3 Cz3ch settlement was richly decorated .vith 
American and Czech colors. V/e have, with much satisfaction, established the ^ 
fact that in the Czech settleinent aLuost every house u-as decorated in one ^ 
v/ay or another, giving the neighborhood a fescive appearance, and contributing p: 
very nuch to the spirit of the day. 

The main features of Czech Day were the grandiose parade, held in the 
evening, and the magnificent gathering of our people in the Pilsen Brev/ery 
Park. The parade started at Crawford Avenue and 26 th Street, moving along 
26th Street to the park. It was composed of workers of the Third Liberty 
Loan campaign, soldiers in uniform, recruits in civilian clothes who left 
for training camps the same day, members of the recruiting commission, and 
sokol men, women, and children. There was, of course, plenty of music 



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- 3 - Bo:z:.ii^T 

Denni Klasatel . T.:ay 4, 1918. 

accompanying ths march. The quoue of the procession v;as formed by countless 
decorated automobiles. Spectators lined the sidev;alks leading to the park. 

A sLmilar atxosphere pervaded the camp in Pilsen Park where nuiaerous speakers '^ 
addressed the crowd. This is the last day of the campaign, and Czechs shoulder- 
hurry and subscribe. They will not only show their loyalty, but will boost p 
the campaign so that the quota can be reached; it is now deficient by about ^ 
ten million dollars. This .-.leans that no one should have ansrbhing else in £;" 
mind but the Liberty Loan caiTipaign, The world is looking toward Chicago ^.' 
and Hew York, These two cities are in arrears, and it is anticipated with fr^. 
much anxiety that they will come up to expectations. «Ji 



Ill D 

I C Denni lUasatal . May 2, 1918. 

TILL IT Himrs 

Chicago Czechs Ready Jor Sacrifice 
in Third Liberty Loan Drive 

••Az Do Tech Hrdel a Statkul" This idiomatic phrase, coined by Professor 5 

T, G. l.Iasaiyk, is the equivalent for our "Give till it hurtsl'* It is the ^ 

slogan of all Czech-Americans .vho are deter-iined to do everything in their ^ 

power to help assure victory for the United States against Germany. The -r> 

Czechs gladly offer their lives and their :noney for the successful prose- £ 

cution of the war. Czechs of this country are fully aware of the importance lo 

of the -var. They are, lot us put it blandly, .uore conscious of the signifi- j::^ 

cance of this struggle than the native Americems thamselves. ^ 

The Czechs >now that A'uerica^s victory in this war is not the only issue 
in question. They kno.v that the fats of small oppressed nations is at 




5 



no 



- 2 - B0H^iL4>T 

Sennl laasatel . Uay 2, 1918. 

stake, their liberty and right of self -deter.ainat ion. Among these nations 

is included our Czech nation. It niay be s:aall geographically, and its 

population may not ran into large numbers, but it is great by the mental 

maturity of its people. It is great by its love for liberty, and it is 

great by its love and gratitude for this country which has drav/n the sword S 

in the interest of the Czechs also. 2 

The Third Liberty Loan issue has met with pronounced success as far as the jjj 
Czechs are concerned. This splendid shov.lng, although not expected to such 
a high degree, v/as most conspicuous in the Seventh Federal .leserve District 
which comprises the states of Illinois, 'dsconsin, lov/a, part of Michigan, 
and northern Indiana. It -vas in this section of the country that the Czechs 
surpassed all expectations. This was due to the perfect organization ;vithin 
the Czech section for the propagation of the Third Liberty Loan, and the 
vigorous agitation by the various committees. The Czech section was specially 
authorized by the United States Government and given full power in the 



In mentioning the praise besto..ed by non-Gzecli8 upon us for our work, '.ve 
do not i.Tiply that we ourselves are, just for tliat matter, satisfied .vith 
our achievements. iVe are out for more, .ie want to overshadow all other 
nationalities in this country, je want to stand first, even against the 
Oenians, of whom there are five times our number. .7e shall be able to do 
this if v/e exert ourselves a little more. Let us state right here that 



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I G - 3 - BOHa>IIAIv 

III D 

I C Denni Elasatel , liay 2, 1918. 

Seventh District. The remarkable progress made by the Czechs is due not 
only to the perfect systen adopted by the Czech section, or the arduous 

exertion of its workers and the full co-operation of our men, women, and :^ 

children, but it is primarily due to the thorough understanding by our ^ 

people of the great significance of this struggle — it is the intense love £^ 

of liberty and democracy for v/hich our arraies are battling, and in v;hich ^ 

they v;ill surely be victorious. It is the beautiful traits adorning the o 

character of our Czech people v/hich hav3 helped produce such unqualified L> 

results. C^ 



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- 4 - BOHET/IIAZ? 

Denni Hlasatel . Kay 2, 1918. 

tiiose of our man and v;oiaen who have enrolled as v/orkars in the Czech section 
have assumed a serious responsibility. They have fulfilled this duty up to 

the present, and are detemined to continue. It was rosolved, for this F 

reason, to designate tomorrow as Czech Day. 3e it v/ell understood that this -^ 

day is not one on v/hich to celebrate, but that it should oe a day of strenu- ^ 
ous v;ork, of agitation for the Third liberty Loan. It shall serve to intensify £ 

the interest of our people for the ca/iipaign. ^ 

ISJ 



Those who have not subscribed to date should do so now. Those who have 
subscribed should buy aore if circu.~stances pemit then to do so. 3uch is 
the purpose of Czech Day, and it must be carried out under any circumstances. 
Anyone can see that the tiiiie is short for making preparations for particular 
festivities. Taere is, however, ajiple good will and incentive for work. 
..■hat counts ."ostly is the confidence placed in the Czech people -whose full 
co-operation is expected. .Ve reported yesterday that a meeting v/as held 
last Tuesday in which a special cc-nmittee was formed to take charge of the 



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I G - 5 - 3CHS.X\IJ 

III D 

I C Dennl laasatel . ..Cay 2, 1918. 

arrangements for Czech Day, This comnittee set to work i:nia3diately, remaining 

in session throughout the night. The members had very little sleep during ~o 

the night, and tho:'- began to function ..ednesday morning, „^^ 

r— 

The first subject discussed by the special coraniittee was the decoration of "^ 
Csecli houses. Although the coiwnittee v/as certain of the general co-operation g 
of the comniunity, it sent deputations to alnost all business houses on the 
main straets, urging thern to decorate. Our Czech public is further being 
informed about another very important matter. The leader and idol of the 
Czech people, Professor Thomas G, Masaryk, will arrive in Chicago next 
Sunday. There will be celebrations in his honor, and decorations v;ill 
appear as a matter of course. Decorations may, therefore, be left on the 
houses from Friday to Sunday. This will help make Czech Day and Professor 
L'lasaryk^s arrival really magnificent, Jvery effort should be made, at any 
rate, to flood the streets with flags, indeed, to transform them into a 
veritable sea of decorations. Let us not forget that hundreds of guests 



CO 

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- 6 - zoesjom: 

Denni lilasatel , Lay 2, 1918. 

will come to us on Czech Day, aiionc then muierous influential men in close ^ 

contact Y/ith the Federal Governnent. They are to v/itness our enthusiasm ^ 

and the s-plendor of oxir celebration, L'e v;ho fails to decorate on Czech Day .■^ 

will act directly contrary to our efforts and endeavors. Such a person p 

surely does not exist anonc us and, let us hope, never v/ill, "^ 

50 
O 

Those who use vehicles should not talce them out on j'riday unless they are ^" 
decorated v/ith the national colors, and, if feasible, fiti^ed out with posters, ^ 
slogans, and pictures advertising the Third Liberty Loan drive. It does ^ 
not matter v/here you are sending your vehicles; if they are properly decorated 
they v/ill attract public attention everyivhere and so proclaim to the people 
of Chicago that the Czechs stand behind the drive to the last man. 

Czech Da" is goinc to be, above all, a day for our flying squads. :h.ey 
v/ill begin in the laorning and s'.viftly cover thousands of dv/ellings in the 




- 7 - BOHgJIAIT 

Dennl Hlasatel , Hay 2, 1918. 

Czech settlement, seeking to obtain the largest possible nu.Tiber of sub- 
scriptions. There will be many Czechs who apply at their neighborhood 
banks and branch offices of the Czech section, and in general, v.-iierever 
subscriptions are accepted. To obtain the best of results for the Third 
Liberty Loan drive is the purpose underlying Czech Day. 



3> 



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II c 

II C (German) Demi Ela sate l, Hay 1, 1918. 

^CKCOL BC'ikRD OBDUH.-.'E ABOUT TEZ imii "BISMARCK^y 

(3ditorial) 

Some people sit on the Chicapp School Board viho are either fanatics or 5 

ertreriel^.- dull-minden. Be tliat as it may, there is certainly'" no room c:. 

for them in that body. Rerardless of their de,':ree of literacy, and their p 

f^eneral mental level, one rdfjht fairly v/ell eicpect, at least, that they -^ 

would shovj a traco of loyalty. If o'jr City Council v^ere composed of § 

really sincere ."jTericans, they vrould not hacrle in their m.eetinFS about ^ 

the propriety of removing; from a public building the name of Bismarck, ^- 

that beast in human shape, v;hose entire life is stained vdth blood, and C^ 
marlced T;ith oppression and injustice, 

.In issue such as this should be understood, at least in a country' v^rhose 
flov.'er of manhood is beinp sent before the mouths of Prussian cannons. 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II C 

II C (Gerraaa) Denni Hlasatel . IjJay 1, 1918. 

Some of the members of the School Board have a thick hide in this respect. 
Instead of heeding public opinion, these servants of the Kaiser resort to 
farfetched argiLaents. They say that if they should take action in the case 
of Bismarck, they night do the same with Kosciusko or Komensky, because these 
names are also not i\nierican names. 3; 



This attitude denonstrates not merely a limited horizon, but downright 
stupidity, or unexampled hypocrisy. Bismarck is known among cultured people 
as the "most successful criminal of the last century," while Komensl:;^ was 
the teacher of the nations, and Kosciusko vras a Polish patriot who rendered 
valuable service to this republic. He who cannot see the difference, but is 
capable of likening Bismarck to them, is hopelessly near losing his reason. 
Such a man should be put in a strait Jacket, instead of the school board of 
the second largest metropolis on the map of the United States. 

We have had our fill of people whom political favoritism has shoved into 
responsible offices, true enougli, but this case — why, it is beyond any limit, 



3=» 



Deanl HLsatel , May 1, 1918. 
BUY LIBEHTT BONDS THIRD ISSU]2 
(Advertisement ) 






"If the war costs Uncle Sam one billion dollars per month, what good does 

my fifty-dollar bond do? How much would it help?" — Your own comment shows 

a thoroughly incorrect attitude. ^ 



30 

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A Geiman shell hits our trench. A dozen of our boys drop into the mire. \^ 

Carriers come running. * S 

-^ 

"Thank Heavenl" says the lieutenant, for he remembers that one of those 
at home has bought a fifty-dollar bond. "Lockjaw caused by wounds killed 
thousands in the year of 1915, but we do not have to dread a similar fate, 
for each fifty-dollar bond will take care of 139 of us, if that should hap- 
pen to us." 

Everybody shoiild buy as many Liberty bonds as possible. He should do his 



I & - 2 - BOHT^>TAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . May 1, 1918. 

duty toward victory for our dear homeland. Apply at any Czech-American ^ 

.bank. ^ 

This advertisement was donated by Denni HlaEatel Printing & Publishing 5 

Company, 1545 West 18th Street, Chicago. 2 




fl G 

in B2 Poi^?--iAi: 

* The Bohemian lovie.7 . Vol. 2, No. 5, P. 79, I/ay, 1918. 

LIB3RTY LOAN R3C0RD OF B0H3iiIANS 

Vherever there v.'ere Bohemian immigrants in every state of the Union, an organ- 
ized effort was made to line up everyone for the liberty Loan. The Bohemian 
ne.vEj..'apers •ver- full of reports of Bohemian Liberty Loan ;:.eetiugs uud Bohemian 
Liberty Loan orgaaizatioas froii: I^obotcen to Seattle. Jvery local braach of the 
Boheciian IJatioaal .illiaaoe resolved itself into a loan orgaiiization. But the 
greatest effort of all /.as iuade in Gi-ioago. The Bohe;iiiaa braaoh of the Fb reign 
Language Division had its ov/n press representative who filled the columns of 
the four local Bohemian dailies every day with the right appeal. .<liile the 
final figures will aot be available for soir.e ti:;ie, Felix Streyckoians, Director 
of the Foreign Language Division, gave out the following figures oa the last 
day of the oa.npaign: 

Gerrr^aas - ;2, 959, 65O.OO 

Bohemians - 2,859,500.00 

Italians - - 2,700,000,00 

Jews - - - - 2,400,000.00 



- 2 - 



The Bohemian Review . Vol. 2, ?:o. 5, F. 79. May, 1918. 



BaiEIilAN 



The Bohemians seem to have landed in the second plaoe, though it is likely t^hat 
the final figures will show them to be first. But it should be reii.ernbered xhat 
there are more than three times as many Germans in Chicago as Boheirdans and 
that while there are tiiany millionaires among the 3eriTians, there are none arr.ong 
the Bohesaians. The record of the Boheri^ian bruiich reflects much credit on the' 
excellence of its organization and on the patriotism of its people. 




boh:3:.ian 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 30, 1918. 

A Pl^CTICAL SY3T3t! 

Some of our Czech aid societies and brotiierhoods liave introduced a system ^ 

that will *3ive even the poor an opportunit;.'- to buy a Liberty bond. The 5 

societies will sell Liberty bonds on the installment plan with pajnnents <i 

as low as one dollar per v/eek. Of course, no one can fairly expect to P 

receive the bond before it is paid up, and therefore it will begin to bear ^ 

interest when it is paid in full. o 

CO 

—J 
en 



T' 



I G BOTTFIMTAN 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 29, 1918, 

OlJE MORE VffiSK OF BOND SALES 
\Vhere Are Our Rich People? 

We are now entering the fourth week of the Third Liberty Loan campaign, and 
it is highly gratifying to state that the Czechs in the seventh federal dis- 
trict, chiefly, of course, in Chicago and suburbs, have fully grasped the mean- 
ing of their patriotic duty to the cause of our old homeland and to the sublime 5 
principle of democracy* A fev/ exceptions cannot spoil the total effect* ^ 

Tip to last Saturday evening, the Czechs of the seventh district subscribed SS 
^1,900,000. Taking into accoxut the fact that subscriptions have been made 
since, and that no accurate reports from the country districts have arrived, it 
is safe to claim that the Czechs will have exceeded $2,000,000 as their part of 
the investment in the Third Liberty bond issue. This certainly is an impressive 
figure. It could have been higher, but let us hope that it really will grow yet. 

There is one more week of work left. No one should cease putting every ounce 
of energy into his patriotic efforts. 3veryone should consider the great 



I O -' - 2 - BQFWTAN 

IV Denni ELasatel , Apr. 29, 191S. 

importance of the success of this campaign, for this third lo€ui will be a 
decisive factor in the pursuit of the war. No one should forget for a 
moment that we are fighting for a just and honest cause which is dear to every 
man €uid woman, V/e are fighting for the liberty of nations and oppressed 
peoples, among which is numbered our own Czech nation. 






ro 



Is there any need more pressing and urgent? Tliere should not be, and yet there -^ 
is. It is true that most of our people are subscribing and doing the best they » 
can — but alas, it is not true of all of them. In scanning our daily report, the S 
"jctoll of Honor," what do we find, or rather, what do we not find? The names of 'S 
our prosperous and very rich countrymen are missing. They have subscribed such 
ridiculously small amounts that any plain workman earning scant wages would feel 
ashamed of them. The names of some of the well-to-do are not there at all. 
Both of these cases present a truly pitiful exhibition of the patriotic senti- 
ment of some people, who on other occasions make a conspicuous showing of their 
loyalty and, beating their chest c, proclaim, "V/e are what we are, and what are 
those below us?" 



I G - 3 - BOTTTaTTAW 

IV 

Dennl HLasatel . Apr. 29, 1918, 

No, gentlemen, we are going to tell you what those "below you" are, the ^ 
"small fry" who are, according to your opinion, insignificant compared with 

you. These small people have assumed the duties of evt;rybody in this country. p 

They did not wait for an invitation with a club, but hastened to give their ^ 

coins until it hurt in order that their efforts might win due recognition. ^ 

Those poor workingmen, poor mothers and widows whose sons gave their lives or \~ 

are fighting on the battlefield now just as valiantly for you as they are r, 

battling for themselves — those poor people are veritable giants in comparison "^ 
with you. v;ith all your wealth and splendor, with all your luxury and haughti- 
ness, you cannot reach their bootstraps. 

Do not, however, think that you will get away with it this time as easily as 
you did before. The Czech section for the "Diird Liberty bond issue, whose 
offices are at 3347 West 26th Street, near Homan Avenue, (Ceimak and Serhant, 
realtors), keeps a close record of those who subscribed and the amounts given. 
These lists will be sent to the Government, so that it will be accurately 
informed about where to look for those "real patriots". Do not think that it 



I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 29, 1918. 

is a pleasure to speak to you in this manner. We would prefer to write 
about you differently, more favorably. But you, with your behavior and 
incredible stubbornness toward your duties — duties that must be fulfilled under 
any circumstances at this critical time — you are to blame if we speak to you 
in a tone to which you are certainly not accustomed. 

The whole world is looking at us today. The whole world, do you hear? You 
surely cannot remain indifferent to the judgment passed upon us by the 
world and by history. Will you allow history to relate that the only ones 
who represented themselves in a dignified manner were the poor Czechs — and 
that if the Czechs did not do everything they could, it was the fault of the 
capitalists? Gentlemen, we are in the last week of the campaign. The eleventh 
hour has struck! 

Hasten to make good where you have failed and do what you should have done 
long ago. Spare us the bitter task of having to refer to you eu3 people who 



I G - 5 - BOHEMTAN 

17 

Denni HLaaatel , Apr. 29, 1918, 

close their ears to the call of the homeland , who shirk their duties and 
shove them upon the shoulders of their poor fellow countrymen. 

We expect your substantial subscriptions this week, and we are confident 

that they will be generous. In this last week you will have to make up for 

what should already have been accomplished. Brace yourselves for new activity. c* : 

We shall all do the same and the results will then be something we can be ;_^- | 

proud of I 



Squads will be sent out by our Czech section's headquarters to find windows 
that do not display the flag of the Third Liberty bond drive. Let us see to 
it that no such window is found in streets peopled by Czechs 1 

^Qie next meeting of the Czech section will be held in the hall of Sokol 
Chicago on Tuesday evening, and not, as was annoimced earlier, in Flacek*s 
hall. It will be a very important meeting, since special arrangements will be 



■J I 



I G - 6 - BOHKMTAN 

IV 

Dennl ELasatel . Apr. 29, 1918, 

discussed regarding Czech Day, which is to be the crowning effort of the 
Liberty bond campaign. Mr. iinton J. Cermak, Chairman of the Czech section, 
requests the presence of all members, ladies and gentlemen. 



e 



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I G BOHTOTTAK 

III B 2 

III C Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 28, 1918, 

III H 

IV TO THE CZECHS MW SLOVAKS OF CHICACK) 

(From the Czech National Alliance, National 
Alliance of Czech Catholics, and 
the Slovak League) 

The time has again come for us to speak—to speak so that we shall be heard all 
over this country. In the stre.^ts in the Czechoslovak land there walk large 
crowds who are clamoring for their rights. In their difficult struggle, they 
rely on aid from the President of this country. They rely on his longing for 
a just peace, one that is based upon liberty and self-deteimination of the nations* 
Our people have gone through hard days, through days of starvation, death upon 
battlefields and even on the gallows. Yet our people have found enough courage 
to go on. Hope has risen in the hearts of raamy thousands, whose cries reverberate 
through the streets of Czech towns. They shout: "Hurrah for President Wilsonl 
We want peace, but only the peace that he is offering— a peace of the sacred 
right to live for adl nations! V«'e want Wilson's democratic peacel" 



I G - 3 - BQH?in'AN 

III B 2 , 

III C Denni HLasatel , Apr. 28, 1918. |i 

III H |! 

IV I I 
If we consider that along the whole French front, Geiman gions are 

roaring, and that entire battalions of Grermans hurl themselves to a terrible f= 
death only for the purpose of destroying the hopes of democratic nations—if ^ 
we consider that all of this is happening at a time when Allied statesmen and 7:i 
leaders of their aimies are declaring that this is the most critical time in 
the struggle and are holding back the terrible blows, waiting for the aid of •j'" 
our Republic— then the strength in the soul and the heart of our Czech people i 
becomes evident. Our people do not, even during this most terrible ordeal, abandon 
the one man from whom it expects either life or death. Our people are calling 
out: "Long live V/ilsonX" 

This call, which reverberates through the streets of Prague, has traveled over 
the ocean to far-away Washington and has made a deep impression everywhere. 




- 3 - BOHEt!IAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 28, 1918, 

Hha.t a nation, those Czechsl How much moral strength must be 
acciimulated in theml 

A strong link has been built up between this Republic and our native land, 
for they are tied together by similar ideals. ilTashington has learned to 
know that over there, in yon small nation that has been subjugated for ages, 
the world has again found a strong and dauntless protagonist of the democracy 
of nations. In a moment such as this, the Czech people in America must not 
forssike their nation or forget it in its manifestations of love and admiration 
for the President of our country. 

We are, therefore, addressing ourselves to the Czech and Slovak people of the 
City of Chicago, urcing them to prepare for mighty demonstrations of our 
loyalty to our President, who is holding up the principles of humanity and 
rights for all nations and considers them to be the sacred and sublime aim of 
this war. We are calling on the Czech and the Slovak nations, regardless of 
creed or convictions, to testify to their lojralty to this covmtry which has 



I G - 4 - Bcaj.:i.^: 

Ill 3 2 

III C Denni lUasatel . Apr. 28, 1918. 

III E 

IV inspired tha v/orld, now fitting for Ideals, v;ith such mighty ^ 
moral strength and is helping it in the terrible strug&lQ. ^^ 

r~ 

Nev; tidings may reach us soon. 7.'e fear that this nev/s from our native land ^ 
would fill our eyes with t^ars. The month of Hay is drawing near. ,7e are 3c 
apprehensive of this coming May Day, for it is likely to become a day of £ 
bloodshed. Dr. Rasin /one of the revolutionary leaders in Bohemia^ spoke of 
it when he proclaimed in the name of the Czech people that his nation is 
determined steadfastly to pursue the struggle for independence, and to 
persevere to the last beat of the Czech heart. 

Hay Day is coming, and our people will again call for liberty and their rights. 
Countless voices will again proclaim lo^'-alty and admiration for President 
V/ilson, and confidence and firm hope in this Republic. 

?/e want to chime in with the chorus from our bleeding motherland, ./e want to 
show America that we join it in its tears. V.'hen our brethren across the ocean 



CO 



I G - 5 - BOHF.r/IAN 

III B 2 

III C Dennl HLasatel . Apr. 28, 1918, 

III H 

IV shout the praises of Wilson, let our voices, here, sound not only 
confidence, but also grim determination to stand firmly behind the 

Piresident in the fight for the high ideals with which he h£is emblazoned the 
starry flag. 

In the second half of next IkSay, the Czech and the Slovak people will hold a 
magnificent festival in one of the largest halls of Chicago, the Coliseum. 
We are inviting all Czech organizations to participate. At the same time, we £ 
wish to call the attention of the Czech public to this great demonstration of \>i 
loyalty on the part of the Czech and the Slovak element. IVe shall issue a c:5 
call to all male and female organizations to appear in the hall of Sokol . "^ 
Havlicek-I^rs on April 30, where the arrangements will be discussed so that 
the festival can be organized properly. Vfe sincerely hope that Czechs and 
Slovaks will take part by the thousands, so that the event will overshadow 
everything of its kind that has ever taken place in this city. All our singers 
in the city will join to represent Czechoslovak song in an impressive manner. 



?c 



I G - 6 - B0EJ2'.:Lm 

III B 2 

III C Dennl Hlasatsl . Apr. 28, 1918. 

Ill H 

IV" All our musicians are requested to inform us whether thej'' are able 

to assist, a::d under v/hat conditions; .Ve are also asking our organi- 2 

zations to send us their resolutions concerning this matter, :.-- 

f— - 

\'le know that this demonstration will create wide interest in the United States, \ 
and particularly in .Vashington. 'He implore all Czechs and Slovaks in Chicago o 
to approach the solution of this problem joyfully and with a thorough under- ^ 
standing of the vast importance of this event for our cause. V/e want to ^ 
support our people and show them that we stand behind the President and his '^ 
ideals, just as the entire -\merican nation does. Czech and Slovak Chicago is 
sure to do ever^rthing to lend might and weight to our voice so that it will 
be a powerful example of our willing and sacrificing support of both our new 
homeland and the land of our birth, 

;Ve shall keep our public in constant contact v;ith the progress of our efforts, 
V/e shall do this by means of publications. 



I G - 7 - BOKUnAII 

III B 2 

III G Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 28, 1918, 

III H 

IV" For the branch of the Slovak League, .'mdrew Schustek, I'ichael 

Laucik; for the Czech National Alliance, Dr. Lud;vig J. Fisher, Vojta 
Benes; for the National .alliance of Czech Catholics, Reverend J, Kestl, 
F. Sindelar. 



^ 



■ r 



I G BOHSCLAI-I 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 27, 1918. 

LIBEHTY P^HiiDE 

(Summary) -^ 

Yesterday, April 26, was Liberty Day, having been decreed as such by -p 

President '.7ilson. It was designated as a day on which the people of the rj 

United States would demonstrate their loyalty to this country. If the -n 

enthusiasn and devotion shown by the countless multitudes -which celebrated o 

this day in Chicago may serve as a neasure, then the ^oople are certainly Lo 

patriotic to the highest degree • i:^ 

...•One of the most attractive items in the great parade was the "Allegoric 
Garriage** upon which girls, represent ing thirty different nations, v/ere 
grouped around "Liberty," posed by Mrs. F. Pressnel. The Czechs y.'ere 
represented in this group by Miss Anna Zikova in the colorful dress of a 



I_G - 2 - BOHUdlAi: 

Denni Klasatel . Apr. 27, 1918. 

woman frcsn our homelemd. The Czechs had originally intended to ride an 

'♦Allegoric Carriage" of their o;m The guard of honor for the "iU-legoric 

Carriage" was composed of soldiers, also representing different nations. :S 
Among them v/as Jan J, Straad, a Czech-Anerican, . . . , 5 



O 



>3 



-o 



I G BOHKMIAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D • CZECH V/OMEN KEEP FAITH 

IV Throng Pilsen Park at Meeting for Sale of Liberty Bonds 

The impressive mass meeting of Czech women, held in behalf of the Liberty 
bond campaign, was telling proof of their willingness to sacrifice, for 
idiich there is a great need in this time of war. The meeting took place in 
the pavilion of the Pilsen Brewery Park. V/omen assembled there yesterday '^ 
under the leadership of two well-known and active patriotic workers: Mrs, -C 
Marie Srarcek and Mrs. Marie Liska, irtio head the Czech ladies' group of the 3 
foreign language division of the bond campaign. The meeting demonstrated £ 
that our women stand firmly behind President V/ilson and his administration. 
They stand up for the country, not by mere words, but with tirsless activity 
as well. Our women appeared in overvdielming numbers such as we have never 
seen before in our meetings. The spacious pavilion was literally packed to 
capacity. 

Shortly after 2 P. M. , the hour at which the meeting was scheduled to open, 
our women, single and married, filed in. They came from all vjalks of life. 






I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D which proves that our people are thoroughly permeated with patriotic 

IV sentiment. 

The opening of the meeting was delayed more than one full hour, because the 
Marine Band fTom the Great Lakes Naval Training Station did not arrive in 
time. But when it appeared, finally, it was greeted with frenzied applause 
•wdiich did not subside until the men had taken their places and struck up the 
first chords of the American anthem. The multitude chimed in with spontaneous os. 
enthusiasm. Three more pieces — dashing, peppy marches—were then played by r- 
the band, which was to appear at another place later. At 4 P. M. the band ^ 
played "The Star-Spangled Banner" once more and departed. This finished the o 
orchestral part of the program. A collection was made for the musicians, ^ 
Mrs, Antonia Cervenka, wife of Mr. John A. Cervenka, president of the Pilsen JS 
Brewery, and accredited patriotic worker, giving the initiative to the move. cr 
It yielded forty dollars, which was sent in the form of a check to the captain 
of the Great Lakes section to be used for the musicians' ftind, as the men 
themselves are not allowed to accept private remuneration of any kind. 



■X) 



I G - 3 - BOKEMIM 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D Mrs, Cervenka introduced the first speaker, Mrs. Marie Srarcek, who 

IV represents the ladies* Czech campaign division for the City of Chicago 
proper. Greeting the assembly most cordially, she appealed for the 

irtiolehearted co-operation of Czech women. She also apologized for a mistake, 
as a result of viiich the name of Mrs. Clara Klaus, a noted worker who ta«s to 
address the meeting, had been omitted from the program. After an introduction,^ 
Mrs. Klaus explained in her own charming manner that it is not only incumbent ^ 
upon the men, but also upon the women to give testimony of Czech patriotism ^ 
and good will. She made an ardent appeal to the women to support our Govern- -i^ 
ment and be true to this new homeland that has become our second mother. 3 
She closed amidst turbulent acclaim. 2 

CO 

Little Miss Sikla then recited a poem appropriate to the Red Cross campaign, ^ 
for whose benefit she made a collection which netted a handsome amount. *'' 

The Reverend Frank Jedlicka spoke in flaming words which left an indelible 
impression on all those who were present. He reminded them of the tragedy 
in which our Czech soldiers were involved on the Russian battlefields. He 



I G - 4 - BOKFliVrrAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D invoked the aid of all those who may consider themselves happy, be- 

IV cause they are in a position materially to help our Government that 
demands no more than adaptation to present conditions and liberal 

subscriptions for the Third Liberty Loan. He declared that by buying bonds, 
Czech men and women insure the victorious return of our soldier boys, and 
also the. liberty of the soil where our cradle once stood. If our people do ^ 
their duty here at home, then no one of them, after the victorious homecoming 3 
of our soldiers, will have to be ashamed because he could not contribute in <^ 
the same measure as our boys did, and because he could not perform as great _rj 
a sacrifice as our warriors to the great work which insures liberty for us -xj 
and posterity, o 

Two songs in the English language were sung by Miss Jenie Fail. " 



Genuine regret was expressed by the gathering after Mrs, Cervenka had taken 
upon herself the task of explaining that Sarah Bernhardt, world famous French 
actress who had promised to speak on this occasion, was unable to appear 
because of sudden illness. A delegation had called on the artiste in the • 



1 

or 



I G - 5 - ■ BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D Congress Hotel the morning of the meeting. They were informed that 

IV she felt fatigued after the long journey to Chicago and had caught a 
serious cold, so that her physician forbade her to leave her apartment 

for at least one week. The actress assured the delegates that, although 
she was prevented from being among the Czech people in person, her heart 
would be with them. She asked that her sincere greetings be conveyed to the 
Czech people, together with her conviction that ultimate victory will also ^ 
be a victory for the Czechs. ^ 

r— 

After this information, which visibly impressed the gathering but did not '^ 
alleviate its disappointment, Mr. -Anton J. Cermak, introduced by Mrs. Cervenka, po 
took the floor. Mr. Cermak, chief bailiff of the Municipal Court, is one ^- 
of the foremost workers in the Liberty bond campaigns. His address was short <^ 
and contained terse information on how and where subscriptions may be applied ^' 
for and secured. He laid particular stress on the opinion which authorities 
in Washington will form of this meeting and of all the future work still to 
be performed by the American Czechs. The effects of the efforts exerted by 
the Czechs here in support of the United States and the Allies will be felt 



I G - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D at the final peace negotiations, when those presiding will feel 

IV morally obligated not to forget the Czechs and to act for the 
establishment of independence for the old Czech homeland. 

This speech was followed by a song recited by tirs. Matus, after vhich Mr. 
John A. Cervenka gave a broad view of the war and the bond campaign, and ex- 
plained why it is our sacred duty to support President V/ilson. The speaker <:i 
presented, by way of analogy, a vivid illustration of what this war really r^ 
means to us. He compared our soldiers in the field with miners who work in ^ 
a pit, stricken by a catastrophic explosion, which clogs and chokes the shaft, o E 
Those above the ground must volunteer to rescue the buried ones and pull ^ ^ 
up the salvage. They must drag at the rope together, as if they were one S 
single man. V/e are those volunteers who are holding up the rope upon which **» 
the fate of our country hangs — the rope is our army. 

Recitations by little Miss A. Sramek and Mraes. Stoces and Cervenka closed the 
program. 



I G - 7 - BOHElialAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1918. 

III H 

III D The absence of Sarah Bernhardt is easily understood when one considers 

IV her age, her grave malady, and the fatigue Tubich follows long and 
strenuous travel. 



73 

o 



I G BOHIin£D\IT 

II D 10 

III H Denni Illasatel . Apr. 9, 1918, 
III D 

CZECHS FOR THE THIRD LO^^JI 

(Editorial) 



5 



CO 



^i. 



If there is one part of the population here wl ich has a particularly urgent 
reason to do all that is in its pov;er to support the United States in her p \ 
pursuit of victory, it is the Czechs. For us, victory neans the fulfillment -^ | 

of our longings, the crowning of our efforts, Victor^'' will give us not only 3 I 
what the United States is battling for, but also what our brothers in the old 
motherland are suffering relentless persecution for, and for what they are 
sacrificing their material goods and even their lives. 






The task nov; before us is to contribute to the success of the Third Liberty 
Loan. This duty ought to appear easy to every one of us, and everyone should 
fulfill it as well as individual circumstances v/ill permit. He who ignores 
this obligation gives a poor demonstration of his American and Czech patriotism, 
and at the same time, shows that he cannot perceive what is to his o;vn best 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 9, 1918, 
III B 

Interest. Eren one who has no Ideals but thinks only of his ovm selfish 
purpose should hasten to invest his savings in war bonds, because they are the 
safest investment in the world, and because they bear 4^ per cent interest, 
which is more than any bank could pay. ^ 

Let us, therefore, buy as many bonds as we can. Not only that, but let us p 
speak to our friends and acquaintances about this on every possible occasion. <^ 
Let us bend every effort toward this purpose. 3d 

The liberty and prosperity of the United Statea, into which we come to seek a ^ 
better and happier life, is jeopardized by tho possibility of victory for the ^ 
Teutonic tyrants. The Czech nation is doomed to perish if it is forced to 
remain within the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, which has become nothing but the 
footrest for Germany, whose intention it is to create a "Central Europe" in 
which everything would be destroyed that is not German and does not serve 
Gerxoan purposes. 

For us, this struggle is not only a matter of our liberty, but of our very life. 



I G - 3 - 30Hin>.aAIT 

II D 10 

ill H Denni HLasatel , Apr. 9, 1918. 

III D 

Mankind's most precious goods are endangered. Can anyone, in a moment 
like this, hesitate to make extreme sacrifices to rescue them? There is, in 
fact, no sacrifice involved in the bond investment, for the money is used to 
everyone's best material advantage. Can any man be so shortsighted that he 
cannot discern the safest and most profitable investment available? 



-no 



Let us reduce our expenditures for necessities and pleasures so that we can <^ 
afford to buy Liberty bonds. The majority of us have been living as if we were ^ 
not involved in the i.iost terrible war the world has ever seen, \^le should begin 
to grasp the meaning of this war time and adapt our vvays to it. Let us better 
our ovm selves and prepare for the purification which will be one of the natural 
issues of this war affectinr^ the entire human society. 

The success of the bond sales will insure victory for the arms of our Republic 
and its allies. The anaies in which our boys are fighting have to be fitted out 
v;ith arms and provided with food and clothing. This is necessary to achieve 
victoiy. Very much depends upon the food our .soldiei*s get, what care they are 



CD I 

• — > 

o 

CJ- 



"T3 



I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 9, 1918. 
Ill D 

given if wounded, and in what condition they will come back to us» T/e 
idio live in comfort here are called on to provide the means for the armaments 
and the best possible care and comfort for our warriors. They are sacrificing 
their lives for us and for our homeland. They, in turn, do not ask any more of 
us than to lend money to the Government with perfect safety and good interest <r^ 
rates. Is it possible to find a single person unwilling to do even that little? p 

Articles have been appearing iu some Snglish language papers in which the o 
Government is urged to compel new immigrants to assimilate with the American ^ 
element in the shortest possible time. They demand that the immigrant forget ^' 
his native land and maternal language and suddenly transform himself into an ^' 
English-speaking American. The sincerity of the immigrant is being questioned 
on every hand. The advocates of these measures, of course, have the Germans 
in mind, in the first place. However, other nationalistic immigrant groups 
would be equally hit by the respective laws without any discrimination or 
exception. The immigrants will have to wrest the weapon from the hands of these 
jingoistic fanatics by constantly proving their loyalty to this country and 



II D 10 


III 


H 


III 


D 



I G - 5 - BOHSLX'^'I 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 9, 1913. 

unflinchingly displaying their patriotism. Joyfully they v/ill have 
to shoulder the burden which this vjar has placed in equal measure upon all 
adherents of this country. They will have to shov; that they have thoroughly 
grasped the present needs and efforts of this country. 






In these ominous times, when the very foundations and the existence of the <^ 

country are jeopardized, the Government is empowered to command and designate rj 

the means necessary to avert the danger. Our Government has not made use of -t3 

this pov;er as yet. It merely asks our help and rewards those who provide it o 

with ample interest for the loan. Financiers are predicting that the Liberty \^ 

bonds of the third issue, bearing 4-^ per cent now, xvill sell imiaediately after ^ 

the war from $125 to fl35 dollars for the one-hundred-dollar denomination. ^ 

Our fellow countrymen in the old homeland have been forced to invest their 
money in enterprises which promote the war that is designed to destroy their 
rights and hopes forever, and they are v;ell aware of the fact that the Austrian 
war bonds will never bring any returns. 



I g - 6 • Boin:iiiAN 

n D 10 

m n Denni ITlasatol. Apr, 9, 1913. 

HI D 

How they would envy us— ^7e nho are in q position to lend rionoy and 
support a war irhicn is certain to insti:!?o liherty and free devolopciont to the 
Czech pooplo, to ail aciall nations, to nan!:ind all over the t7orld; and, noroover, % 
our Investnont is perfectly safe and is bearinc handsome interest! "^ 



-r 



Once roro vm want to impress you rith this tiruth: If there is any stratum of 

the populace of our United States more under oblication to do evcrythinc that 

is VTithin its oouer to help vjin victor/ for America and its allies; if there is £ 

a nationalistic c^oup here which should put evciry pecuniary effort into purchasinc c 

Liberty bonds— it is vje, the American Gzeclis, '.7e sincerely hope that the bond ^ 

carqxiicn ttIII bo a brilliant success x/Jiicli uill shov; that our patriotic duties 

have been conDrehondec'. and fulfilled. 



III H 

I IC Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 8, 1918. 

IV 

PRGCLAtlaTION ^ 

A Prelirrdnary to the Coninij Czocii ".;onen*s Llass lleeting 2 

Czech women and mothers! V/e are in the fp:ip of a terrible xvar that has dragged ^ 

our nev; honeland dorm into its vortex and makes it incxinbent upon us to join ^ 

in the celebration of tlie anniversary of Anerica*s entrance into the v;far against o 

Germany. ^U-tlaough this celebration v;ill not take place vmtil ne^rt Saturday, we lo 

Czech vvonen xtIII glorif:/ that nenorable event in our ovm mass nee ting in the i:::^ 

Pilsen Bveviery Park, V.'ednesday, ^pril 10, at 2 P. LI. "^ 

Let us shov; our f/ratitude to oiir President by firrrJLy standin^j up for him, shoiolder 
to shoulder, v/ith all that is vdthin our pov;er, and cor.iplyin£j faitlifully and 
gladly with the deiiands of our Governrjent. 

Behold v;hat x-ronen beyond the ocean liave had to endure! They lost their supporter, 
their children. They are starving, they are destitute, and perl-iaps are afflicted 



I G - 2 - 30IIE3,IL^ 

III H 

I K Denni Hl asatel, Apr. 8, 1918. 

IV ''** 

with grave diseases without the prospect of iiiinediate relief. They 3 

are exposed to all sorts of disconfort, yet they do not grmnble, -^ 

r— 

•Ve are nov; in this new houeland, which admitted us when fate toyed with ^ 

us in a stranf^e manner and cormelled us to cross this vast ocean to begin g 

a nevj life here. Let us ezcanine ourselves and solemnly svrear that vie shall 
glcdlj'- and conscientiously perform all tliat v;e are able to accoi.rplish, V/e 
shall thus shov; that woman *s heart is in the rirht place when liberty and ^ 

rijsJits of i.iankind are at stake. 

Onward, Czech women! Let us stand in serried ranks, so that v/hen the 
present time vjill need us, v;e shall do our duty imf lincjiingly , instantly. 
I«t us prove that, among women, there are no shilly-shalliers or slackers — 
these are found amonr men only. 

We should not shirk our duty for the follovdng reasons: First, we feel as 






I G - 3 - BOKjUuIj^T 

III H 

I K Denni Illasatel , ,i.X)r. 0, 1918. 

mothers, and, therefore, v.lth all those mothers viho have lost, or are >* 

liable to lose, their sons. Second, v;e feel like sincere Czechs, who '^ 

experience deep dovjii in theiv hearts all the nisery of our old Czech hor.ieland, Z^ 

and are ready to help to smash the heavj' shackles, so that liberty may spread ^ 

its luster over the whole vrorld and the nation fron vrhich we hail. Third, let 2 
us attest to our cr2.titude to our nev/ homeland, not only as woroen, but also 
as citizens, by keeping ready to help v;herever help is deiianded. 



':Jha.t we liave achieved vie ovje, for riany reasons, to this land of the free. Let 
us, therefore, pay back honestly in the hour of need. ;;e vrant to shoxi that 
woman is not only nan^s fellov7 v/orker in the buildin;: up of a better existence, 
but also a real coi.ipanion in the perfonnance of civic duties, ./e Wcint to show 
that she is not pampered, tliat she helps man to lay a solid foundation for the 
welfare of the family, and that she is a sincere and grateful daughter of the 
motherland, which is fpxjaning under a yoke, and is in dire need of Czech 
v/oman*s help. 



CO 



I G - 4 - BOHBIvlLYII 

III H 

I K Denni laasate]. . Apr. 8, 1918. ^ 

IV ^ 
Our motherland! Lend an ear to thy daughters* ansv/er: Beloved mother, fn 

we are here. Just command, and Czech T'ramen \will readily and joyfully place -^ 

their pov/ers upon the altar of the old homeland. Onward! There shall not 3 

be one Czech woman who would shirk her sacred duty by being absent next >- 

V/ednesday. We shall meet againl o 



?or the committee on resolutions, 
Mrs, Antonia Cervenica. 






I Q • BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Dennf Hlasatel , Apr, 7, 1918. 

A BRILLIANT START 
Czechs Subscribe Thousands of Dollars for Third War Loan 
and Institute a Roll of Honor 

Czech banks and offices were swamped with patriotic fellow countrymen, all 
of Jihom wanted to be among the first to buy Liberty bonds of the third issue 
and so demonstrate that they are fully conscious of the duty which they owe 
their new homeland, and that they are ready and willing to perform all sacri- 
fices which the Iftiited States demands of every loyal citizen. Yesterday was 
the opening day of the bond campaign, and during the very first hour the mem- 
bers of our community exhibited a lively response. P 



Czech districts of Chicago and suburbs were richly decorated with American 
colors yesterday, for it was the anniversary of our entrance into the war. At 
this time our countrymen wanted openly to proclaim their allegiance to and 
agreement with the Government in these portentous times; they showed their 
sentiment by taking vigorous steps in the bond campaign. 



no 
o 

Co 
C3 

rv> 

"^ 
en 



I G . - 2 - BOHEMIAN ■ 

17 

Deaaf ELasatel . Apr, 7, 1918 • 

We have no detailed reports on the extent and intensity of subscriptions. The 
i\iaerican State Bank took in ^12,000, and the Easpar bank received |lO,000 for 
bonds during the forenoon. This, however, was only the beginning. We presume 
that the various offices will send lists to the Czech central conmittee with 

the names of subscribers, so that the Czech public will be kept informed on 
every phase of the progress of the drive. 

The office of the Czech branch of the drive was opened shortly before 9 A, M, 
Messrs, Anton J, Cermak, chairman of the Czech branch; J, J, Salat, secretary; 
John A, Cervehka; Jos, Bolek; and others delivered a few appropriate remarks. 

The Czech branch office is located at 3347 West 26th Street, It was resolved 
to publish all the names of Czech subscribers in the newspapers under the 
heading Roll of Honor, We are flooded with an avalanche of names of subscrib- 
ers and are unable, therefore, to publish all of them in today's issue. The 
tentative list is as follows: Vaclav Jellnek, $5,000; Anton J, Cermak, ^,500; 
Adolph Haver, i^l,000; Fr» Kostka, $1,000; Judge Joseph Uhlff , |1,000; Alderman 



I G - 3 - BOHEIMIAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 7, 1918. 

John Toman, $1,000; Martin Taraba, $100; Jan JSadlec, $200; Clara Felikan, ^0; 
J« Sirovatka $50; etc. 



^ 



c 



BQH3MIAN 
Dennf SLasatel , Apr, 6, 1918, 
CZSCH SSCTION FOR BOND SALSS OFMS 

(Summary) 

The state office of the Czech section of the Third Liberty Loan opens in the nS 
offices of Cermak and Serhant, realtors, 3347 West 26th Street, at 9 A. M, ^ 
today r; 

..•••There will be several persons in every one of the forty-seven precincts £ 



of the Twelfth Ward who will represent the Czech committee, of which Anton J. i*j 
Cermak is chairman. Applications may be filed there. ^^anslator*s note: § 
Locations are given^^ *^ 



I Q BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 4, 1918. 

IV 

CZECH WOMEN IN THE FOREGROUND 

Our women are in the front ranks in every department of work that tends to 
help to\NBrd ultimate victory over the Teutonic enemy. They work in this 
way in behalf of the campaign for the promotion of the Third Liberty Loan 
sales. They will, with good reason, be proud of the work they accomplish 
and will do honor to our entire nation. 



I — 



Leaders among our women met in Placek's hall, Kedzie ^venue near E4th Street, S 



yesterday to discuss plans for an organized campaign. The meeting was well 
attended, and all the ladies declared themselves willing and ready to accept 
any assignment, no matter how difficult or wearisome it may be. 

Two women were elected to preside at the meetings, so that two of the largest 
Czech women's organizations could share the honor. Mrs, Marie Smrcek, president 
of the Jednota Ceskych Dam (Czech Ladies' Unity), and Mrs. Marie Liska, 
president of the Sesterska Podporujici Jednota (Sisterhood Unity), were 



c 






I G - 2 - BOHEJoIAN 

II D 10 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 4, 1918. 

IV 

elected; Mrs. Anna Zenisek was chosen secretary. A press committee 
and a speakers' committee were formed. The members of the latter will 
visit meetings of our women's organizations and appeal for aid and co-operation 
in the drive. 

After this necessary item of organizing had been disposed of, Messrs, Anton 
J. Cemiak and A. J. Salat, representing the Czech section of the campaign, 
were introduced. The former, the chairman of the Czech committee, has done 
preliminary work to make the results of the third campaign still better than 
those of the first two campaigns. Both speakers made ardent appeals which 
were wholeheartedly applauded. 

In accord with plans followed hitherto, the ladies will work independently 
while forming a part of the Czech section. The agitation for the Third 
Liberty Loan will officially open next Saturday. 



-6 



c, ■ 

•V) 



I G BOHET^TAII 

II D 10 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 5, 1918. 
Ill H 

/K CZECH* 3 DUTT IH THE 'illsR/ 

(Editorial) 

If you want bo "be good Americans, true citizens of the country v/hich you 5? 
have chosen for your second homeiand, you must not forget the nation from ^ 
which you cane and the country in which you v/ere born. The Czech nation 7^ 
is now in the most critical situation of its existence. It may gain ^ 
everything, but it also may lose v;hat little has been left to it. For n? 
this reason, all those who belong to it shoxxld exert their efforts to 
the utmost to help our nation win v;hat vre long for and for what thousands 
of its true sons have already sacrificed their lives. 7/e in .\merica shall 
do our duty by contributing liberally to the Czech national Alliance and 
the National Alliance of Czech Catholics of America. 17e are anticipating 
one of the greatest enterprises in Chicago Czech history: The Bazaar 
v/hlch will be held in liay. .ivery one of our organizations and every 









I 



I G - 2 - BOHI^.^AIT 

II D 10 

III C Denni Klasatel . Apr. 5, 1918. 
Ill H 

individual must c.ive it his enthusiastic support. 

Should this Bazaar not turn out as we expect, it would mean undying ' 
disgrace for us before the forum of all our fellow countrynen in America, -a 
but particularly before ovir people in the old country who are not ,^ 

frightened even by the v;orst persecution and gladly offer their lives fZ 
for the cause. ".7e are asked only for our surplus — for v/hat we can "^ 

possibly spare. If we do not v.-ant to part v;ith this, we shall not be g 
worthy of looking into the faces of decent Czechs. Are we going to let 
things go that far? 






I G , BOHELIIAN 

II D 10 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 2, 1918, 

FOR A V/ORHIY CAUSE 

V/e reported some time a{;o on the success of the Red Cross campaign in the 
Thirty-fourth '.Vard. Today v;e are publishing figures which demonstrate the 
splendid showing made by the Tvjelfth V/ard in that memorable Red Cross 
campaign before Christmas. In this connection, it v/ill interest our readers sg 
to learn that this time, it was again the Czech element v/hich led other 2 

nationalities in Chicago, so that v;e were held up as examples to all others, '^ 
just as we v;ere after the second Liberty bond campaign, and as it will be, r^ 

with God's help, in the third caMpaign, ^ 

o 
V/e have to date received full reports on the Twelfth and Thirty-fourth V.'ards. L> 
7»e gather from these that there ensued a sharp contest between the two wards § 
in the number of members won for the Red Cross. In this noble combat, the ^ 

Thirty-fourth '.Vard led in the number of enrolled men and women, true enough. 
Considering the larger population in this ward, hov/ever, we arrive at the 
conclusion that the Tivelfth V/ard has outdistanced its opponent. Nevertheless, 
both wards have done their dutv 



I Q BOHEMIAN 

17 

Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 2E, 1918. 

CZECHS WORK FOR WAR BONDS 

A meeting of the Czech section for the promotion of war bond sales took place 
in the offices of Ceimsik and Serhant, realtors, 3347 West 26th Street, last 
night. Their lively participation in the campaign convinces us that Czech 

interest is growing by leaps and bounds, and that the splendid showing they ^ 

made in the first two campaigns will be excelled in the third. The Czech > 

population's response in the second series brought forth such brilliant results ^ 

that authorities used the Czechs as examples for all other nationalistic bodies, U 

The system employed in the second campaign proved so effective that it will ^ 

again be used. 2 

GO 

Mr. Anton J, Cermak, chairman of the campaign committee, opened the meeting i::^ 
in which Mr, Salat, secretary, and other members of the committee presented "^ 
suggestions which were thoroughly discussed, 

"We must dispose of all the business immediately on hand, even if we stay until 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Mar, 22, 1918. 

morning,** Mr. Cermak cautioned* The meeting did last \uitil midnight, at that. 

The Reverend Vaclav Vanek and Jaroslav F, Smetanka reported on publicity, Mr, 
John A. Cervenka is chaliman of the speakers* committee and Mr, Jos, F. Bolek is 
secretary* All of the committees were enlarged by the advent of new members* ^ 
Mr, Cervenka declared: "In order to avoid ml sunders temdings, I wish to warn all ^ 
those who want to be placed on my committee that I have no use for people who do -z^ 
not intend to work constantly and persistently. There will be a great deal of f- 
work to do, and it will have to be done. I shall not wait until I am asked to ^ 
supply a speaker. I am going to keep an accurate list of all meetings to be o 
held and shall send speakers there* All of these speakers will have to submit ^ 
a weekly report showing where they spoke and, if possible, to how many people, S 
I entreat those named to my committee to resign if they do not intend to devote «5» 
all the time to the work that will be asked of them," 

Mr. Cervenka* s statements, of course, refer to all other committees as well; 
they were generally accepted In that spirit* 



I G - 3 - BOIEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlaaatel, Mar, 22, 1918. 

Messrs. Jan L. Novak and Joseph J. Janda, representing aid societies and brother- 
hoods, assured the meeting that their organizations will do everything in their 
power to co-operate with the coxnmittee. Messrs. James F. Stepina and Frank G. 
Hajicek, members of the beoik and brokerage committee, spoke in a similar vein. ^ 
The committee on lodges and associations, represented by Lessrs. Jos. A. Smejkal ^ 
and F. J. Adam, reported that they had sent out letters to all organizations -ri. 
asking them to nominate one member who would see that his unit is doing its duty p 
during this third drive. ^ 

O 

Members of other committees reported on work they have accomplished and accepted ^ 
new duties v/hich were assigned to them. The men were: Judge J. Z. Uhlir and ^ 
Jos. A. Holpuch, the committee on schools; R. W. Dvorak and L!. Straus, the com- «5i 
mittee representing businessmen who are going to arrange a propaganda parade in 
the near future; Messrs. Otto Kemer and John Toman, members of the committee on 
industries, in whose factories many meetings will be held for the Czech workers. 
Members from Town of Lake and Cicero also reported on their activities. 



- 4 - BOEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , l^lar. 22, 1918. 

Mambers of the comniittee on exemptions declared that all those who, for various 
reasons, have not become soldiers will be urged to buy as many bonds as zhej can, 
and so help tovrard victory* Dr. Ludwig J. Fisher, of the Czech National Allieoice, 
and Reverend Kestl, of the National Alliance of Czech Catholics, stated that they 
are about to name leaders of their organizations for every county branch in the 
Seventh district, to which Illinois belongs. These leaders will keep in contact 
with each other for better co-operation in the drive. i= 

It was also resolved that plans for a mass meeting of our people should be foirau- 3 
lated at the next meeting of the Czech section of the campaign. ^ 

CO 






I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

IV Dennl Hlaaatel , Mar, 15, 1918. 

FAREWELL TO OIJR VOLUNTEliRS 

Another contingent of oxir volunteers left Chicago last Tuesday night to go to 
France, there to Join the Czechoslovak Army, The farewell given for them by 
our community was exceedingly cordial, and hundreds of men and women did every- ^ 
thing to make their last hours here as pleasant as possible. ^ 

ICr, Urban, a saloonkeeper, Invited the soldiers to his place, Springfield p 
Avenue and 26th Street, for refreshments, where genuine hospitality had been ^ 
extended to volunteers prior to this occasion. g 

Co 

The glee club Kosy hired a band of union musicians irtilch played at Urban' s ^ 

saloon and also accon^anled the soldiers on their march along 26th Street to oi 

Kedzle Avenue. Mr. F. J. Krbec, president of the Czechoslovak military commit- 
tee, and Mr. J. Tvrzlcky, secretary of the Czech National Alliance, spoke at 
Mr. Urban* s tavern. 

The ladles of the Slovak singing club Llpa (Linden Tree) brought smoking 



I Q - 2 - BOIQIIU^ 

III H 

17 Dennf Hlasatel . Mar, 15, 1918. 

supplies. There were scenes of both deep emotion and exuberant joy. 

Dr. Ludwig Fisher, president of the Czech National Alliance, and Vojta Benes, 

its organizer, with other officials of that organization, joined the parade % 

before it came to a halt at Kedzie Avenue and 26th Street. The soldiers then .^ 

stepped into automobiles and were taken to the railroad station. The vehicles f^ 

had been kindly furnished by Messrs. Zeman, Kotka, Jos. Kaiser, and the Pilsen "^ 

Brewing Conipany. g 

err 



I g B0H3LHAIT 

II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Elasbtei , ...ar. 1-x, l^lb. 

III C 

IV FOR LIBiHTY BOr© SALiilS 

Big fleeting oi' tne Czech Gazipaisn Division 

All members oi' tne Czecii aivision oi' tne canpaign I'or tne sale or Liberty bonus 5 
met in tne clubrooms at Mr. Josepn Place.-:* s iiali, co-iV Soutn .Zedzie Avenue, r^ 

last nignt. i^ays ana j.ieans by vmicn propaganda I'or tne sale of war bonas coula r^ 
be intensified v^ere discussed. The bonus are tne tnird issue of Liberty war -o 
bonas, tne public sale or ivnicii v.ill open in tne near future. o 

CO 

As you already know, a large organization iias been formed in Chicago whicn S 
will support tne United States OoverUi.ient in its efforts tc provide the finan- ^ 
cial means with which to carry on the program wnich nas been forced upon it 
by the war. This organization works in a field divided into districts and 
sections according to nationalities distributed over the city. 

The Czech division is by no means the snallest. It is headed by our fellow 
countryman, /mton J. Cerraak, chief bailiff of the ^lUnicipal Court, He nas sent 



-o 

3» 



I G - 2 - BOHilLllA^J 

II D 10 

III E 2 Detinf lilasate l. Liar. 14, 1918. 
Ill C 
rv out invitations to ail those v/ho were active in tiie coi'ipaigns for 

tiie first tv^o bond issues, and also to representatives of the press, 
asking their co-cperation, I'his work is the best proof of the loyalty of ^ 
the Czechs, who have always upheld the adjrani strati on of our great President C 
'•Vilson. i..en and wor.ien fron all walks of life cone to this neeting to become 3 
better acquainted with each other, so rs to bring forth the best results at £ 
the very tine when their work will nave to grow most intensive and v;hen it ^ 
vjill be needed most. 



ro 



At a dinner given by Lr. Cermak, v;ho was the first to speak at the meeting 
that followed, he expressed the hope that the enthusiastic response which the 
Czechs made to the first two issues they will equal, or even surpass, in the 
case of the Third Liberty Loan. The chairman asked the audience to make 
suggestions on ways in which the ivork might be begun to secure the highest 
possible efficiency. The consensus of opinion during the ensuing discussion 
climaxed with the resolve that the Czechs must not lag benind other groups under 
any conditions, and that they muot be ready for sacrifices to the limit of their 






I G - 3 - BOHa.IlAN 

II D 10 

III B 2 Dennl Hlasatel , tlar. 14, 1918. 
Ill C 

r/ abilities in order to demonstrate their genuine American patriotism. 



3> 



Yesterday's meeting v^as one of the most enthusiastic ever held among us. Its r^ 

keynote was intense patriotism, v;hich gave assurance in various forms that ^ 

when the time cotnes and the Czechs begin to v;ork, the action will be crowned ^' 

with brilliant success, iivery one of the suggestions made was well taken and 2 

contained valuable points on hov; vie could best work together. ^ 



Mr. Strickland was the first non-Czech speaker, as director of the office of 
the bond campaign among the immigrants of the seventh Federal Reserve Bank 
district, to which Illinois belongs, he is acquainted with the work accomplished 
by Czechs and Slovalcs. He gave testi.Tiony to it which may well fill us with 
pride. He declared that our ccoiiunity shov/ad the best results among twenty- 
four nationalities of Cook County when the campaign for the negotiations of the 
second war bond issue closed. 

The second non-Czech speaker was Kir. Henry Chandler, secretary of the organiza- 
tion known as •*Four iiinute iien". he was follov;ed by Ivir. John Pi;landech, a 






I G - 4 - BQILailAN 

II D 10 

III B 2 Dennf Hlasatel. Mar. 14, 1918. 
Ill C 
IT leader among the Serbian immigrants, who spoke of the aims common to 

Czechs and Serbiems. 

Mr. Cermak, chairman, expressed regret over the fact that the Czech section 
has lost Mr. V/illiam Pflaum, one of its ablest speakers, who will follow a call 
from the American speakers* headquarters. Mr. Pflaiim was present and assured 
the gathering of his confidence in the willingness of the Czechs to make this o 
third campaign an unqualified success. ^ 

o 

Mr. Cermak then read the names of all the subcommittees which had been active cJi 
during the first and second campaigns. He also acknov/ledged with appreciation 
the valuable services performed by the Czech press. At the same time he an- 
nounced that the niimber of existing subcommittees will be increased by two: 
One for Cicero and Berwyn and one for all Chicago, headed by officers of the 
Czech National Alliance and the National Alliance of Czech Catholics. 



3» 



-o 



I G BOHEMIAN 

Deiml Hlasatel , Mar, 12, 1918. 

voluntuIjSs step forth 

People engaged in the campaign for the sale of the third issue of Liberty war 5 

bonds have become convinced that the best results can be obtained if there is .-^ 

one person appointed for every block to act as a salesman, agent, and agitator. ^ 

Mr. C, W. Sills, chairman of the agitation committee, issued a call to that ^^ 

effect, inviting men and women to enlist as volunteer solicitors. g 



CO 



There is no doubt but that there are many energetic and patriotic women among 

us who will join, so that the results of this campaign will be still more t^, 

gratifying than those of the previous campaigns. 

k 
The recruiting of these volunteers must be started briskly and carried on 

vigorously, for i^ril 6 has already been set as the date when the caii5)aign will 

be in full swing. All volunteers will have to be properly instructed and 

trained before that time. They will also be supplied with all requisites and 

paraphernalia necessarj'^ for the work. All those who are willing to join this 

patriotic movement are requested to present themselves at room 407, First 






I G - 2 - BOHSV.IrtN 

Dennf Hlasatel , Mar. 12, 1918. 

National Bank building, the office of Mr. C. N. Strotz, chairman of the ward 
and district organization. 

The iDork required of the solicitors will be done in the evenings, so that it -Z 

will not interfere with regular occupations. They will approach people who ^ 

have not bought bonds yet and ?rill remind them of their duty. An office is 2 

going to be opened in all districts. Bonds will also be on sale in schools j-^ 

and banks. C^J 



IJ A 2 

Denni Hlasatel , L'ar. 7, 1918. 

SALC0MK33PiHS AlU) PATinOTS 

The -Davilion of the Pilsen Brewery Fark was the scene of the annual Czech 
saloonkeepers ball last nip;ht. This is an occasion known amonp; us for its 
conc^enial atmosphere. The visitors enjoyed the entertainment without allow- :^ 
inp; themselves to be in the least disturbed by the threatening: danf^er of 
TDPOhibition. 



3> 



¥x, V/illiam K, Pflauin solicited purchases of war-savinrs stamps, and v/as sue- i^? 
cessful in selling five hundred dollars worth. County Judge Thomas ocully and c- 
Iiir. Souhrada, a saloonkeeasr fror. .iacine .-ivenue, pave his collection a stron^"? L- 
boost by buyinp; a hundred dollars' worth of stamps each. Ivlr. Pflaum is a § 
member of our committee for the advancement of stamp sales. ^ 



I G BCHHliaAN 

III B 1 

III D Denni Illa-s-itel . :.:ar. 6, 1918. 

Ill H 

17 /our SCLDIjJilS TO B^ JULJllTTH.-lD TC j^.ZHRIZj^ 

(Editorial) 

Congressnan /~l. Zj" Sabath has earned the gratitude of Czechs and Slovaks by 
his activities in Congress, He has ingratiated hi.-nself into the favor of all 
decent people v;ho uphold justice and tae principles for which the United States 
is fichtins, and which, above all, must fire us Czechoslovaics with enthusiasn. 



CD 



CO 

ro 

A measure which he recently proposed in the House has passed that body, and c»» 
will no doubt be approved in the Senate also. It will reopen the doors of 
America to those of our toys who have taken cut their first papers only, but 
who are now fighting in either the Avierican, the English, the French, or our 
Czechoslovak .vmiy. This is, of course, only rigit; yet even justice has often 
to no a long way before it v;ins recognition. 



D^ 



I G BCILil.I.j: 
III B 2 
III 3 4 Dennf la-isat-el . ::ur. 6, 1918. 

II D 10 

III c Lv3r 2:iaiiT»s ;:^3 :.:3z;tii;g 

III D Chicago Czechs and SloVvJ-cs in Pull .^reenent 
III II with Frocljiriation of Czech Parliamentarians 
I C 

In January of this year, in the historic city of Pracue, Bohemia, events ^ 
of monuraental importance occurred, Tne Czech and Slovak representatives in 
the Austrian parliament declared theraselves in a most doterrriined manner for a F= 
completely independent Czechoslovak state. Tlieir declaration re-echoed in -^ 
large meetings of all Czechoslovak workingmen's organizations v;hich took a sj 
definite, determined stand alonssiue of their representatives against the ^~ 
Austrian government, rney vowed to achieve a final victor:/. This fight is 
going to be a bloody one, judging by the reply made by the Austrian premier, who 
presages a relentless suppression of the move:ient» Zveiyone v;ho is even slightly 
acquainted v;ith the usual methods of the .lUstrian government can guess v/hat this 
means. It means nev/ persecutions — throwing our leaders into prison and dragging 
thesn upon the scaffold. Our Czech fellov/ countrymen in the motherland are not 
afraid of this threat, and it is incxambent upon all Czechoslovaks in .America 



<■ ■> 



I G - 2 - B0ri3.::;;r: 

III B 2 

III B 4 Dennf Hlas atel, ::ar. 6, 1918. 

II D 10 

III C to lend them as much support as possible. 
Ill D 

III K In order to initiate the moverient to aid them, a nass neeting v;is 

I C called by the Czech Ilational .J.liance, the Kational .illiance of Czech 

Catholics in .anerica, the Slov:ik Lea(;-ue, and kindred Jugoslav or- 
ganizations. It '.vas held last night in the hall of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs, Lawn- 
dale Avenue near 26th Street. The situation was thoroughly discussed* and a 
resolution was passed by means of vAich the attention of a large part of the 
American public is to be drawn to our cause, thus reaching influential circles, 
and even President V/ilson. 

Mr, Krbec, i^resident of the Chicago district of the Czech National Alliance, '-^^ 
opened the neetinf; with a survey of recent events in the motherland, weighing 
their possible effect upon the .-jiierican public, and the attitude v;hich President 
Vifilson mieht assume. Ke also pointed out ways in viiich v;e Czechs and Slovaks 
of .-iT.erica should support the movement. Large enlistments in the Czechoslovak 
amy in Jrance is one of them. Those who cannot enlist should do their bit by 



-J 



I G - 3 - Bo:-sii.:i;jc 

III B 2 

III B 4 Dennf Hlasatel , Liar. 6, 1918. 

II D 10 

III C patriotic detuil work at hone. .'J'ter this introduction, l.:r. Krbec 
III D presented the first speulcer, Mr, Joseph Tvrzicky, secretary of the 
III H Czech National Alliance. 
I C 

L'.r. TVrzicky presented a smmary of the thoughts and attitudes of all 
true Czechs, and assured the audience th.,t in spite of the length of the war, 
the Czechs vail reraain true to the traditions and principles to which they 
claLmed allegiance at the outset of these decisive tines. Regardless of some 
"screech ov;ls" who hope that our nation will be satisfied with concessions 
which the Austrian govemir.ent is offering, in spite of occasional fears, Czech o 
representatives and the Czech people refused to accept aL'fls and proclaimed 
themselves for independence, submitting their demands to the entire vjorld. 



There cannot be any question about Czechoslovak independence. The justice of 
it is admitted even b.v the Germans in Bohemia and Lloravia. The proclamation 
by our nation is an echo from the times of John IIuss. It is a moral victory 






rj 



C 3 

which will undoubtedly accept them. i,i 



I G - 4 - BOOIilAN 
III B 2 

III B 4 Denni Hlasatel . Liar. 6, I'JlS. 

II D 10 

III G and has to be taken as such, for it dates fron a nonent v;hen even 
III D the Allies stood vmverinc in the face of a critical situcition in the 
III H V.orld V/ar, when Russia was sinking and the Bolsheviks were spelling 

I C the doom of everythinc Slav, ^ 

In these momentous tines, the Czechs have stepped forth with their demands :^ 
in order to save the whole situation. This v;i:s admitted even by Dr. Seydler, ^-^ 
Austrian premier. The Czechs not only demand an independent Czechoslovak 
state, but they consider it an accomplished fact. Tney shov; this by demand- 
ing full powers to vote at any conference on peace proposals. 



Complete approval of the declaration of independence as promulgated in the 
motherland is to be expressed at this mass meeting. The ^anerican public, as 
well as Congress and the President, are to be infon.ed about the results. 'A'e 
have long been waiting for the great event — this demonstration. Nov; that it 
has arrived, we cannot but persist in this fight to the finish, calling out 
in loud and clear tones, "May darkness cover him v;ho quits — a traitor I" It 









I G - 5 - BOMS-'-I ij: 

Dennf laasatel . L'.ar, 6, 1918. 

is our duty to call on ;^'ierican democracy to act nov/ in the spirit 
of the great democracy and recognize self-deterrdnation for all 
nations. 

Llr. Tvrzicky then read excerpts fro::i the ITarodni Listv (rlational 
Nev;spaper), quotinc Czech parliamentarians and relating scenes in the Austrian 
parliament. V.'e wish to advise our readers that they nay find the comjdete 
article on another page of this issue; it has been edited by the Press Bureau 
of the Czech National Alliance. 



Ill 


B 


2 


III 


B 


4 


II D 10 


III 


C 




III 


D 




III 


H 




I C 







r- 

r — 



71 



The Czechoslovak state has thus becorie a reality. The question now is whether Lo 

we stand firmly behind it. This will be answered by the results, mainly by ^:^ 

niimerous enlistments in the Czechosloval^ .j^my and by vigorous su:;i ort of it. ^ 
llr. Tvrzicky's speech was rewarded by warm applause. 

Llr. Schustek, district presicent of the Slovak League, followed. He emphasized 
the fact that, at first, the Allies did not pay much attention to our ir.ovement. 



I G - 6 - BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

III B 4 Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 6, 1918. 

II D 10 

III C This was evident frcxn the English language press. He referred 

III D particularly to an editorial about us which was printed in yesterday* s 
III H Chicago Tribune , a paper not too close to us. This article, however, 
I speaks favorably of our cause, which proves that sentiment has changed 

considerably. Public opinion is the deciding factor, and this will 
assure our success in the same way as the Czechoslovak Army, which should r: 
mirror the whole nation. After the war, it will be the people who will dictate >• 
the peace terms. The people should therefore become our friends, and we have 'pi 
to win their sympathy in order to secure co-operation. ^ 

After this address, Mr. Kaspar was introduced as a salesman for war-savings o 
stamps, and the audience was urged to buy liberally. L> 

Dr. ^aroslav Fj^ Smetanka spoke in the English language for the benefit of 
the English language newsmen. He substantiated the claim of the Czechoslovaks, 
declaring that they are a mature nation and are fully entitled to independ- 
ence. Poles and Ukrainians, he said, were given a foim of independence 



I G - 7 - BOHSKg^\N 
III B 2 

III B 4 Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 6, 1918, 

II D 10 

III C concerning which the people were denied the right to decide. The 
III D Czechs, on the other hand, are seeking independence through the 
III H representatives of the people. In this difference there is re- 

I C fleeted the determination with which Czechs fight for liberty and 

will keep on fighting to the last breath. We Czechs in America owe 
very much to our old homeland, and as a token of acknowledgment of our debt 
we should join the Czechoslovak Army or work for the cause in some other use- 
ful way. 



t. J 



Mr, Straka spoke for the Czech Catholics. This meeting, he said, was called 
not only to stimulate our activities, but also to express our joy over the ^J 
declaration issued by the Czech people in the old homeland and over the courage ^^"^ 
shown by our people while they stand, so to speak, under the very shadow of the 
gallows. They proclaimed their will with one mighty call, ignoring any 
differences in religious or political creeds. According to the example set 
by them, we should unite our ranks and so prove that Czech blood surges in our 
veins, that we are sons and daughters of the Czech nation. We can do this by 



VJ 



I G - s - Bc:iJi.:ii^ 

III 3 2 

III B 4 Denn i Hlasatel. Liar. 6, 1918. 

II D 10 

III C becoming apostlss in the c?.use of Czechoslovaic liberty and by sproad- 
III D ing it among those whose sentiment is only lutcev/arm, and v:ho have not 
III II learned, up to the present tiirie, to understand that our cause concerns 
I the v/hole nation. Bearing this in min-.l, it follows that ever^.'-one 

should help, thereby proving that this meeting has not been held in 

vain. Ilr. Strata also raentioned the recent stateraents of Lloyd rieor^Te and ^ 

President Wilson. Thej'' should not disquiet us, for every nation is expected '^ 

to worlc out its own salvation. Nor need Vve fear for our people abroad, for <^ 

they ther.r.olves v/ill know how to get rid of taat carcass called "/vustria". ^ 

The speaker exhorted the assenbly to be good A-neriCrins, to support the Red ^ 
Cross, and to buy v;ar bonds and savings sta-nps. .^t the peace conference, A-nerica 'i^ 

will uphold the Czechs, and, in recognition of their patriotism, give their V) 
denands due consideration. 

I't, Kristan, foriier member of the Austrian parlia^nent, spoke for the Slove- 
nians, whose grievances are similar to those of the Czechs. He assured the 
gathering that there are no Austrians except their emperor and his footnen. 



I G - 9 - bchzi.:l-j: 

III B 2 

III B 4 Deniii Illasatel . Liar. 6, 1913. 

II D 10 

III C Ke pointed to Trotsky, the Russian revolutionist, v.'ho has declared 

III D that the question of peace cannot be left to the discretion of the 

III H Ilohenzollerns , Hapsburgs, or .vustria itself. 



X yj 



The audience lavished turbulent applause upon every speaker. ^ 



A resolution was passed wnich advances the following points: The represent- P 
atives of the three countries once under the Czech crovm have declared then- "T^ 

selves for an independent Czechoslovak state V/e are in conplete arrree.T.ent '^ 

v/ith theia....and request the rirht to sit i:i the peace conference and present '"" 

our demands This resolution is to be conveyed to President Wilson, the -"? 

Secretary of State, senators, and congressiien. The President is to oe en- 
treated kindly to renove the odiun of "alien enemies" frora our fellow country- 
men v/ho have voluntarily joined the United States .o'my The President is 

assured of our loyalty to him eind to this country, our :iew homeland. ',/e urge 
our fellow countrymen to support all v;ar ii.easures in qvqttj possible manner 
and to remain, as they have thus far, model citizens of this Republic. 




Denni Hlasatel , I.ar. o, l'J18» 
3.^iLi?? C-.r^-J^ i:r..'3 JL.vaK:?.3 

y.v, -Jiton J, Cemiak, chief bailiff of the 1-uiiicipal Court, has enlaced in 

laudable, beneficial activities, as a result of v;hich a renarkabla nunber 

of men v;ho tried to avoid the draft have been ex2)0.':3d, Tiie chief bailiff 

has orierod his dep\;ti3s to question evorj.'' laan in tiieir custody in recard ^ 

to resiatration for ailitarj' service r.r, Cen:i!al<: v;ill s .e to it that ^ 

draft dodrers, aft ^r sjrvinc their jail terns, are a^ain turned over to the 'f^ 

proper authorities. -^^ 

-a 

O 

CO 
C3 

tS3 

•-J 



I G B01£2l:.J.iiII 

III K 

I C Deiini IIlaGatel , liar. 4, 1913, 

IV 

ALL oL-VVS U:IIT2 

(Stu.irnaiy) 



Proor that the Poles of Aiierica have grasped the need for a union of all Slavs 
was deuonstrrted by the vociferous applause '..'ith ■.vhich they f^reeted a declara- 
tion by Paderevi/ski , proclaiinin.'z tliat peace in LYirope and ;unerican denocracy 
cannot be assured unless a rajupart is built by fifty-four nillion united 
Slavs, so that the aiibitioun plans of the Prussians v;ill forever be prevented 
from becominf; a reality. This ranpart is to reach frori tlie Baltic to the 
Adriatic Jeas 



.2; 



Tlie number of Poles, Jiien and vroi.ien, who flocl:ed i.o the ruiss meeting in the .j 

Coliseum yesterday and filled the hall to capacity is estimated at 55,000. o 

Tliis huge gatherinc had been called by the National Polish LiLssion, at v;hose '^^ 

head standvs Ignace J. Paderev/ski ^c 



1^1 



I G - 2 - 30:£j;XJT 

III II 

I C Denni Itlasatcl , Liar. 4, 1913. 

IV 

Padcrev.'slzi v;a5 tiio :.iain 3:iea::er. Ciuronce Durrov.-, -..iio rollov;ed liin, ^ 

declarec that i^ierica v;ill s..oport the Poles in their efrorts Professor rs 

Jaroslav J. .iarhal spoke for the Czechs, delivering: uii address in the liiglish ,^ 

language. p 

-o 

CJ 
cr 



Bcirr'~-TT 



Denni !ilaaat3l , !5ir. 3, 1913. 

Volunteers for the ne::t continrciit to bo cent abroad -.'il.! report in IIgv; York 

on iJarch 14. The;.' can obtain railro-id ticl.Gtc fro:: fr:^ autliorizeJ ugont of 

our conr^ittee on :.:ilit;:r:- affairs, or fro:: tl.o railroad afcnt. Yolunteors r.iio ^ 

have not hitherto rc;;ortGd are advised t'j call iaiv.ediatcly at our office, or to ^ 

appljr in v.'ritin:', for a tichct. y.en -..'ho havo not yet enlisted " ut vjho /lave .^^ 

decided to do so at the last :,iinute nia:.' ooj.ie to Hew Tor-, at their ov;n eitpense. p 

Tlie cost of trans ooi-tati on v;ill bo refunded t- thoii in Kev; York. 



Tlie 2.:ilitar:i' Office of the Cjechoslovah national Council 
154 Nassau iitrect, Uev; York 

( Signed ) 7. hopeclq,'- 



SO 
CD 



CD 



I G BOHgI.IIAN 

III H 

Deanl Hlaaatel . Feb, 27, 1918. 

"THE i!ARTYRDa! OF BOHEMIA" 

The Chicago Dally Journal , which is numbered among our staunchest supporters, 
printed another article yesterday in »4iich it declares that there csm be no S 

thought of peace if the Czechs remain under Hapsburg rule. This article is > 

captioned "The Martyrdom of Bohemia," and says that the Czechs must be '^ 

liberated because they deserve freedom ^ 

-u 

We should like to advise our fellcw countrymen to order a copy of the £ 

Chicago Daily Journal of February 26, and to state in the order why the co 

copy is vanted. Keep that particular article and show it to your acquaintances !^ 

and their childrai. If you have ordered several copies, send them to your *" 
American friends. You will in this way render your nation a service which, 
thou^ easy to perform, has a value not to be underestimated. 



^ 
5 



Dennl Kl a satol . Feb, 24, 1918. 

The CsskOGloviinsky x-o.-iocny Vybor (G2-.5cLo3lov;dlc .iid Goirjnittee) held a rrieet- 

inr in the i'ilsen Sokol hall yestorduy at v/hich they v;elcon3d Vladinir ji. p 

Scolba, first lieuteaant in the Serbian .jriy, lie cone to Chicago v/ith the -^ 

Serbian delog.tas and has stayed here for sone tir.e to recruit 3erbians, S 

Croat i^ns, and Jlovenians for the Jerbian /irmy, v;hich is in I^lacedonia nov;. j— 

Those men v;ill follov: a contin.-ent of t^vo thou3;ind nien v;hich left for the ^ 
front recently. 






IJr, ocolba paid a visit to the Czechs to thanl: then for the cood they have done 
for his poor country. He also convoyed .-rreetin^-s fron the Jerbian soldiers 
and told about his experiences in the v.ar« 



I Q BOEELJAK 

II B 1 c (3) 

III E Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 17, 1913. 

YROL THE aiZAAR IISAD.^UARISRS ^'^ 

(3y the Czech National Alliance and the 
National Alliance of Czech Catholics, Chicago) 



To the Czechoslovak people: V/e are in the midst of the strxiggle. After 
years of suffering and resignation, after years of hope for an assured 
existence for our nation, there came the fury of ;var, which shook the 
very foundations /of civilization/^. 



-o 



-V 
o 



ro 



V/e have come to knovr our duty, and Czech /unerica has begun its great and 
blessed v^ork for our nation. Those were trying days, but they bore fruit. ^ 
V/e gave support to Kasaryk's political v;ork and started a movement which 
gathered under its flag the large family of the i\merican people, regardless 
of convictions or creed. Our people awoke to a nevf life of toil and self- 
effacing sacrifice. 




- 2 - BOKEI.IIAI^T 

c (3) 

Denni laasatel . Feb. 17, 1918. 

lie have built up our ovm army in Russia and in France. V/eek hy v;eek our 

boys are crossinr; the ocean to make the supreme sacrifice for their mother- ^ 

land and its freedom — the greatest s?.crifice that nan can make to his people. ^ 

The Czechoslovak Army in France is also our ovm, the .'oiierican Czechoslovaks' .-^ 

Army. Do not permit this amy of our children to be forsalcen by us. I^ey p 

went under our name; they v/ent for us, thus to testify to the infinite '^ 

loncinc of our people for liberty — to demonstrate that v/herever Czechoslovak g 

hearts beat, they throb v;ith yearning for the freedom of their people. ^- 

The Czech people in the United States have not abandoned their boys over JjJ 
there. Like a firm -.vail v/hich supports and ci'^es strength to their vrrath, 
like a healthy branch of the nation from v.hich the leaves and the blood- 
colored buds of Great sacrifice sprint:, the /jnerican Czechoslovaks viill 
stand behind their boys in the momentous hour of noble decision — the 
American Czechoslovaks v/ill not let them fisht forgotten and forsaken. 

Our -Deo-nle r;ill continue to stand behind our boys in the armies in Russia 



I G - 3 - BOHEIILm 

II B 1 C (3) 

III H Denni I-lasc.tel . Jeb. 17, 1918. 

and France; ohey v:ill strive v/ith v;ords :.nd deeds for the liberty of their 
people, ./e must not forsake the ..anner of dyfiance ..hich v:e so proudly 
raised over Czech onerica, Czech .inerica ;ill fulfill its duty up to the -a 
last r.ionent and each day ..ill v;ork harder for the cuse. ^^ 



-T3 



In these efforts ;3zechoslov k Ohicaro has already accomplished much. Our 
associT.tions and lodr^es, our Sokols, the sacrifices r.ade by our 'vorkinemen, g 
and the creat v;ork performed by o\ir ..ide-av/ake ./onen: .-111 this yielded a J— 
rich crop of mor?il and financial successes. But the s\m has not yet set on o 
the last day of hard strucnles. The enemy still stands up, unbroken and ^ 
ready to destroy by subtle cunninc the fruits of our v;ork. Tlie moment of 
victorj' and of rest has not yet arrived. This is •7hy our people in Chicago 
will not cease their efforts. '.Ve shall pursue our aims persistently and 
tirelessly. The amada of our v.-orkers is coinc to perfor'.i deeds v;orthy of 
the v7ork done before, in spite of misunderstandings on the part of some or 
grudges on the part of others. 



I G - 4 - BOIi:^l.-L\N 

II 3 1 c (3) 

III n Denni Hlasntel . Feb. 17, 1918. 

Let the first of these deeds bo the arranccr.ents for a creat bazaar xvhich 

is to excel ::he bazaar previously held by the Gzechoclovilrs of Ohicar;o. It ^ 

v;ill be sponsored by the Czech ITational .".llijince and the national ,'J.liance ^ 

of Czech Catholics, and is to be held in the Filsen 3rev;ery Park from Lay 11 ci: 

to Lay 18 of this year. p 

-o 

'.7e have formed a brotherly union to fir;ht and v;ork. The Freethinkers and o 

the Catholics anonr the Czech t?cot)1c in ."jnerica stand in serried ranlcs in ^ 

■ - - ^ CO 

the strucele fo^? a better future of their nation. g 



This is a tine for \.'orI'. e shall demonstrate this union a^ain and a^ain. 
The bazaar shall testify to it. The Czech Catholics, as v/ell as Czech 
Freethinkers, are joinin;- hands for noble support. 

'.7e are addressinc ourselves to our people in the firm hope that, as in 
former tines, they v.'ill joyfully hasten to aid us so that our v:ork v. ill 
meet v;ith nevi and still cheater success, '..'e are callinc on our xvomen. 



— I 



I G - 5 - BOESI-.X\N 

II B 1 c (::) 

III H Denni laasatel . Feb. 17, 1918. 

They stood by us at the tine v;hen v;e laid our devoted v/ork into thp cradle 
of hope. Ihey surely v;ill be at the head of our activities in the coninG 

days. '..6 are entreatinc our ladies' societies and all the zealous v;omen ^l 

'.vho contributed days and nights of diligent v.'ork because of their love _^ 

for the land of their fathers. Cone and help! .'.'ithout your aid our best ^ 

endeavor v;ould merely be vain effort bearing no results I ■^ 

\'Ie are again approaching our aid societies and lodf^es, be they Catholic or >- 
Free Thought, our ..orkincnen's orcanizations, our large and patriotic Sokol o 
conmunity, the Catholic Sokols, and all individuals and good Czech souls — 
all those v;hose love and duty urcjG then to v;ork and to sacrifice for the 
cause of the nation. Join our ranl:s, help, r.ork! Je shall v/elcone you 
joyfully and shall place you v;here you can best shov; your ability and 
willingness to ./ork. 

Anybody and any organization intending to pitch a tent at the bazaar should 
apply at the bazaar office, 3PA2 "'est 26th Street, telephone Lavmdale 410. 






I G - 6 - boezi\:lw 

II 3 1 c (5) 

III H Dennl aasatol . Feb. 17, 1918. 

A welcorae is extended to every Qoodhearted person v/illinc to contribute 
to the common cause. 

This is a ne\r appeal to G::ech businessnon, tradesmen, fanners — ,ie are asking ^ 

for help acain in the hard times './hich oppress all countries and all v/alks '^ 

of life. There is, hov;ever, no r/ay out of the obligation to sacrifice ^ 

heavily, '.'e knoi7 that the Czech businessman, tradesman, and farmer v/ill -a 

do his bit just as joyfully as the Czech v;orknan v;ho depends upon an income o 

accordinc to his circumstances is doing. \'!e knov; that the heart of the lo 

Czech merchant knows hc.v to open itself for sacrifice to o\ir distressed ^ 

nation v;ith as much love as the poor v;onan v;ho comes to us v/ith a small ^^ 
gift v/hich her tired hands have made after a day of hard v/ork. 

V.'e appeal to you, the branch of the Czechoslovak people I Your sacrifice, 
your \;ork, and your satisfaction ./ill last forever! Hurrah for the 
Czechoslovak Bazaar! 



I G BUHSMIAN 

II D 10 

III D Dennf Hlasatel . Feb. 15, 1918, 
IV 

FOR OUR SOLDIER VOLUNTSERS 

We started a collection recently for the creation of a fund from which tobacco 
will be provided for our soldiers abroad. Letters from them show that smoking ^ 
material is hard to obtain. -a 

Mr. John A. Cervenka, clerk of the Probate Court, after receiving some of the I— 
letters, offered his personal services for the drive. He collected ^?176,50, '^ 
$50 of which he himself donated toward the fund. g 

CO 
en 



< 



I G BOII:;.IIi.II 

III D 

^ Donni Illasa tel, Feb. 1-1, 1^18. 

'110.7 TC U-u ^.T:CT0.;I0U3" 

(Su;nr.iar:.-) 

Ardont patriotism -;.,3 o:d:ibit: i'' ■ " cur Tollovj counti^TUon in tho nuss naotirii^ 
held in the pavilion or tlio Pilsan ."re.vaiy Park, 2dth Street and .^Ibcmy "^ 

Avenue, last nicht. The raeetinj vvcim called for the purpose oT arousin^^ inter- ^ 
est in the purchase of ..ar-savinr^s st uaps. It certuinl:* was a co^aplete sue- ^ 

C9S3, for tiie uttjnd.nce v/au {.:i^":antic ind t^e people ./ere hir;hl^'' satisfied. IT 

The coixaittee for the propac^tion of sales for- oaj T^./olfth V.'-rd v;us in ehurce ^ 
of the a-*rj.nr;ei;ie.;ts. The ori;;;;inal idea C;j:ie fro::; the Ustredni Vybor (Central 2 
Coinriittee). Tlie bcjid from the Great Liikes lJav.^1 Training Station furnished '^ 

the music b" pemission of Ga'tain .'. ... ::offet. A banquet was arraii~ed for ^ 

the merabers of the band, who enjoyed on excellent, genuine Czech dinner catered 
in Joseph Ilattas' rer;t..ur;;jit, Traoibull ;iVenue and Zut]... citreet. Ladies froi.i 
the Czech societ:' did the honors and served the meals, which were made possible 
by aonetar:' gifts froi businessmen. Besides the llxYy nen, soiae guests took 
part, anonc then Mr. ITolan and Lieutenant Ilaisr.dth, -.vho were scheduled to speak. 



tr< 



I G - 2 - BCII2II[.^I 

III D 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 14, 1918. 

Among other speaker5^ were I.Iessrs. Pflaur.i, Chairnan; Otto Besserer, vice-chair- 
man; and Dvorak, secretary of the coinnittee; J. I. Novak, alderr:an of the 

Twelfth .Vard; /Jl. J.^Z Cerma!: and Joseph/ Ilajicek After the banquet the 

band marched to Pilsen Park, playing dashing songs and marches. 



-T3 

3» 



The maetins in the pavilion was initiated -.vith the '^tar-Spangled Banner'* and i= 

other patriotic songs I.Ir. Julian Nolan, uiractor of the campaign for the ^^ 

sale of war-savings star.ps, was thj main speaker. lie quottjd Abraham Lincoln, ^ 

who once said that a people at war should not be satisfied with learning about 2 

the strength of the enem-r, but should find out its ovm power and resources. }^ 

This advice, Mr. liolan said, should be taken bv the United States nov;. i^ 

Czech veterans of the Bohemian ^Vmerican Camp ITo. 30, U. 3. .7. J, marched through 
the hall to the accompaniment of Dugles and druT.s. numerous musical selections 
wore rendered by soloists of the I.'arine band and others. 



I g - 5 - Bo:Lij:.^T 

III D 

IT" Denni ::ia,3at3l . ZP^, 14, ICIO. 

Lioutjnant .. II, ilaisi.iith of the Canadian sjmy rel.itid so:.i3 of liis G".:periences 

in tho war Ho closou his spoich ..'ith a fev, fl:ibtorin;- rai.i r!<3 aboui: ths 

Czechs, t-iorob:* injr,^tiatin{; hii.iself to tha audianco. 

!.Ir. John ... Gervenka, clarl: of th3 Prob to Court and Ciiair:nL\n of tho board of 

directors of tho Pilson Parh Ero.vor:', exhorted thj cro.,d, strdG3in:: t"i3 nocos- -5 

sit" for iCticn ..nd uri-:in; th^-^.i to buv -.var-s-vin-; st;j.ips. Ho Qavo a claar ac- .--^ 

ooimt of tho advanta::3S offorod in the puroh ise oC tha stij.ii.^G Ila ..Iso cllad p 

on tho33 not enlistjd or dra't^d to do thjir bit at hona and to join the Homo "rl 

Guards, This or^ani-^ation v;ill also ci^a ,:ood prdlLainar^^ trrdniac to :;oun,3 S 
men bafor? tha:' join tho Ar::r.', 



.^ corniittOG v/as aT!"OintJc. b:' :'r. Pflauii, chair-iiaii, v.uiojx is to dr^rt a rasolu- 
tion ex;;r3;-.:3inj' loyalty to tlis Unitsd otatos Govurmioiit. ijiong th3 raaabars 
are .'jiton J, Cor/.iri';, Jos3-ph 3. Ifalir, and Ctto IlyiT.or. 

The- sal J of '.var stainps -..'aa pushod by inLji;'- ladias vaio cnvassod the hall so ef- 
ficiontl:,'' th.it tho financi il result of the mooting was niovj tha:i satisf actor:'-. 



o 









I G BOIDlTgAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 9, 1918, 

TO BOOST y;AH-,SAYING STAMPS 

It seems that there is not sufficient interest and proper canprehension ^ 

among our people in regard to the importance of war-saving stamps for the 5 

successful prosecution of the war and for the economic life of our country, -=i 

It is necessary to inaugurate a very vigorous campaign to make our public p 
acquainted with the purpose of these stamps and the advantages which they 
offer. 



■so 

o 



There was a meeting at Troy and 22nd Streets last night, in which fifty of ^ 



-J 



our foremost citizens, businessmen, and professional men took part, and <~r> 

where plans were laid for an effective campaign among our people to boost 
the purchase of these stamps. Mr. Charles Pflaum, a member of the real- 
estate firm Pflaum & Ceska, is chairman of the Twelfth V/ard branch of the 
coninlttee for the sale of war-saving stamps. He presided at the meeting, 
while Mr, I, V/, Dvorak acted as vice-chairman, and Mr. Otto Besserer as 



I 

': I a ' 2 - EOII 



t 



Domii i:iag-:tel. yeb, 9, 1S18. 



secretary. 



Some of the nost important subcoi.unittees for the drive v/ere conGtitutod and ^ 

their presiding officers naned. I'r. Thoiv.as Chv:?.! is chairman of the group ^ 

that v;ill visit as;-ociations and clubs and spread propaganda among members, ^ 

LIr. 'Jtrausn v;ill take care of propaf^anda ajiiong our businessmen. ' I.ir. Charles ^ 

I'ovak is chairman of the fir-auca coi.iiaittee. po 

o 

The main efforts v/ill center around the bi • meeting w.ich v.lll be held in o 
the Pilsen Erev;ery Park pavilion, 26th street and /dbany Avenue, next V.'ednesdayZJl 
night* Pror.iinont speakers "•."ill deliver addresses. The band from the CJroat 
La'ces liaval Training Jtation will play. The ir.eetin;: is destined to b5co.'.;0 a 
magnificent patriotic aerionstration of our people's v;ill to contribute in every 
possible v.ay to ultimate victory. 



I G BOHg-JAII 

III D 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 6, 1S18. 

ssrro YOUR soldier boy to wra tkj:a.tz;r— "sitils^ge" ./ill ea?ce it possible 

( Advert i s ement ) 

I 

Here is an opportunity to show your goodheartedness. Here is the way to ^ 

make your brother, cousin, or good frieiid feel that he is not as far away r^ 

frail you as he thinks he is. You can prove that to help defend one's -^^ 

country does not mean relinquishing all the pleasant thinp;s in life. 3 

"Smileage" means entertainment, recreation — it means a visit to the theater. ^ 
Large theaters have been installed in each of the sixteen camps of the ^ 

United States Army and National Guard. Each of them is full of first-class 
attractions. There are not only lectures, music, solo r)erformances, and 
humorous programs, but also vaudeville and rroving pictures. Actors, direc- 
tors, and producers are p-iving their services for mere daily wages, at the 
smallest possible expense to the Government, 



4 
f 



I G - 2 - BOITS?gAN 

III D 

Dennl laasatel . Feb. 6, 1918. 

Your boy can enjoy a one-dollar or two-dollar performance for only five, 

ten, fifteen, or twenty-five cents.,.., If you want him to f^o to the tlieater, 

a "Snileage Book" will get him in, A "Smileage Book" with twenty coupons ^ 

costs one dollar; one with one hundred coupons costs five dollars, -o 

Buy one today and send it to your soldier I The certainty that you think p 
of him will heighten his enjoyment. As soon as you think that he might ^ 
need another book, send him onel § 

Just think how pleasant it is for you to be able to do sonething like this. g 
Show the boys in khaki that their friends at home cannot forget them, oi 

Coupons are better than letters; your soldier boy is waiting. Coupon books 
are obtainable at the local branch offices of the "Smileage" Committee, 

^^anslator»s note: One full page of advertising space has been donated in 
a series of issues by Denni Hlasatel Printing & Publishing Compsmy, 1545 
'.Vest 18th Street, Chicago^/ 



2 



I G BOIIEJ.!IAN 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 5, 1918. 

TO OUR CZ3CH0SL0VAK 70LU1W33RS 

All Czechs and Slovaks are to prepare to leave Chicago during the next few 
days. One expedition is scheduled to leave Tuesday, February 5, the other 
Monday, Febmary 11. Those who nay not have received a summons because of 
some oversight are requested to appear at the offices of the Czech National 
Alliance, 3639 .Vest 26th Street, Chicago, Illinois. -o. 

r— 

Svery Czech or Slovak between the ages of 17 and 60 may enlist, leather he -tj 
is a citizen of the United States or not, excepting Czechs or Slovaks who o 

are subject to draft into the United States Army or Navy. ^ 

The volunteers' wives will receive )14 per month; every child up to the age *^ 
of 16 will receive :^4 per month. 

Our boys in the Czechoslovak Array are drawing the same pay as the British 
soldiers in France. 



I G - 2 - BOHBt.aAN 

III E 

Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 5, 1918. 

Changes of address are to be reported immediately. 



3> 



o 

O 

ro 
tn 



I G 

III B 2 
III H 
IV 



B0HEI5IAIJ 



Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. S7, 1918. 

TO T!!E SOKOLS 0? OIJl DKTRICT 



Th3 representatives of the heroic brotherly Serbian nation are sojourning in 
Araerical They will come to Chicago, the greatest center of Slavs outside of 
Europe I 

A magnificent reception v;ill be piven for them on Sunday, January 27, at the 
Auditorium, on V/abash Avenue, at 2 P.M. The Governor of the State of Illinois 
will preside. 



5 



O 



CO 

o 
rv3 



Dr. Vesic, leader of the Serbian delectation, is one of the foremost diplomats cJi 
of the Allied nations. One of the members of the group is Dr. Sima Lazanic, 
once a professor at the University of Belprade, Still another member is 
General Rasic, famous during the war v.'ith Turkey in 1912, an^ no less renowned 
in the present war. It was his regiments in particular vjhich struck the hardest 
blow af^ainst the Austrian Aitny. 



I G - 2 - BOTn?g:AN 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 27, 1918. 

IV 

It is our duty to appear at the reception in the largest possible niimbers 
in order ^o prove that we uphold the idea of Slav solidarity, and that we are 
conscious of our kinship with the valiant Jup-oslavs. 

For the central Sokol group: ^ 

Dr. Anton I'ueller, Chairman '^ 

M. Brichta, Manager ^ 

o 

"•—J 






BOHEMIAN 

Demi Hlasatel . Jan. 26, 1918. 

LIBiilRATSD CZECH LATJDS 

(Summary) 

Yesterday's issue of the Chicago Journal stands up sincerely for independence 
of the Czech lands. This newsDaper has always shovm a great interest in the 

Czech question. This time, again, it expatiates upon it, declaring that it '=1 

must become one of the main and necessary issues of the .iorld .7ar, r~ 

-o 

The introduction to the article deals with the declaration for independence o 

by the Czech members of the Austrian parliament and the indignant refusal 05 

on the part of Premier Seydler, who declared that such a demand must be ^5 

met with protest by every Austrian and every Austrian government ^ 

T3ie article closes as follov;s: The Czech land must be free. It is far 
away. V/e have heard but too little of it before. It is, nonetheless, a 



- 2 - BQHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 26, 1918. 

vanguard of our liberty, just as Belgii;un, Poland, and Alsace-Lorraine are. 
The Austrian government hopelessly chose the wrong path — President ./ilson 
surely knew that it would do so — declining to accept the friendly counsel 
offered to her. It is now our diplomatic task to act over the head of the 
Austrian government. This ;vill be done by means of propaganda and by help 
given to the oppressed nations, and amon^^ than, first to the Czechs. 






-a 
■so 
o 



O 

en 



* ^ 



I g BOHHailAN 

III H 

Dennl ELasatel. Jan, 22, 1918 • 

FOR THE LIBERATION OF BCpaOA 

The Chicago office of the Treasury of the United States is sending out ^ 

articles regularly giving reasons i^y var-saring stamps should he bought, ^ 

The latest of these is captioned "The Liberty of Czech Lands'* and deals <::^ 

ezclusiYely with the Czech question. It reads as follows: ''Americans of JJ 

Czech descent— >and there are many thousands in the Middle West, with one -o 

hundred thousand in Chicago alone— know how near the Czechs came to break- o 

ing up Austria twelve or fifteen years before the World War broke out... .,'» ^o 



Every Czech in America has an opporfcunlty to strike a blow for the libera- 
tion of the old hcaneland. The harder he hits, the nearer the day of freedom. 

The purchase of war bonds and war- saving stamps means that the oppressors 
who were robbing the Bohemiem Crown of its lands £uid inborn rights will be 



C3 



cn 



• I_G - 2 - BOHBagAN 

\ III H 

Dennl Hlasatel. Jem. 22, 1918 • 

defeated, and the Bohemian kingdom of old will be re-established. 



o 



OJ 



I G BOiLj,:rjT 

III II 

I C Denni laasatel . Jan. 20, 1910. 

TV 

TO CZECKOJICVAI-: CHia.GO 

A Serbian delecation led by Dr. Yesnic './ill cone to Chicaco v/ithin the 
next fev; days. V/e do not have to emphasize the fact that it is the duty 
of the Czechoslovak branch in /^Tierica to receive then in the most sincere 
manner, in tolcen of the brotherhood v/hich links us to the valiant Serbian 
nation and to the entire Yucoslav people. '.Ve have in common the sufferings, 
the aim to destroy Austria, and the desire to liberate the Czechoslovak and 
the Yu^'oslav peoples. Let us hope for victory; it v;ill unite us inseparably! 



3» 



C3 



en 



From the very becinninc of the ".7ar, the Czechoslovaks and Yugoslavs have 
been appearing tocether before the forum of the v;orld. They have been ficlit- ^ 
inc shoulder to shoulder on the Balkan peninsula, in the Dobrudja. They are 
preparing today to send their Czechoslovak and Y-ugoslav soldiers from ;jnerica 
to the battlefields of France. 

Like our representatives in the Austrian parlia:;.ent, v/e represent one thought, 



I G - 2 - BOIEIX'ilT 

III H 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 20, 1S18. 

I\'- 

one Ideal, one aim, 

VJe have ivelcoricd all the delecates of the Allied nations v;ith enthusiasm 
and brotherly love, '.Ve are under a still greater oblication to those v;ho 
are nearest to us, because theirs is the sane fate and future as ours. 



-o 

5» 



o 

CO 
l\9 



The Serbian mission will be v/elconed next Sunday in the Auditorixm, South 
llichioan Avenue. This ..ill be the occasion of a cre;.t nass meet inc. -">J-1 
Czechs and Slovaks are expected to appear in larce nunbers. Dr. Jaroslav 
Smetanlca, our orator, v;ill speak in the English lancuage. '.le should 
demonstrate our loyalty to our ovra cause and that of the Yucoslav people. ^ 
There never vvas a moment more appropriate to affirm o\ir sentiment and ideals. 
America is coi^c to bo host to the Serbian mission. The iiiternational 
situation calls for a concerted demonstration on the part of the Slav nations 
that are \inder the yoke of the Austro-Hungarian oligarchy. Let us show the 
required unity by a iriarnificcnt attendance next Sunday! 



I G - 5 - BOISI.:iAII 

III H 

I C Dcnni laasatel . Jan. 20, 1918. 

r/ 

Ttie Serbian mission is composed of Dr. Vesnic, Professor Loaznic, 

General Rasic, and Lieutenant-Colonel Nenadovic. In the maeting many native 

i\merican friends of oiir nution and the Serbian nation -..ill be present. Tickets ^ 

are obtainable in the offices of the Czech national Alliance, the ITational ^ 

Alliance of Czech Catholics in /imerica, the Czech nev;spapers, the .\merican 'p: 

State Bank, Lavmdale National and State Bank, and the follov.'inc drugstores: -C 

Foucek, Honsik, Pelikan, and Jehlik. ^ 

o 

Becin today to make preparations for the Sunday mcetine in the Auditoriimil w 

en 



III D 

IV Denni laasatel . Jan. 16, 1918. 
IV (Jev;ish) 

C0NGR23S:.'JJv SAB;^K AGAE:3T Sri^lGUL^iTORS 

(omnriary) 

Consressnan A. J, Sab-ath came to Ohica^^o last :..onday and is returning to 5 

V;ashin{jton today. V.hen asked about his resolution now pending before Congress, -^ 

he expatiated on the motives thut prox.ipted him to subriit the bill. The pro- r^ 

posed neasure denandethat the r^esident be authorized to naiie a connission to ^ 

regulate the prices of v;ool and cotton. 2 

CO 

The Goncres.'jman explained that as a result of the risin;^ prices of the t^/o t^ 
coranodities, the price of cloth shows the s.^up.e tendency, for it is :-rtificially "^ 
stimulated by speculators. Eeca::se of these practices the United States 
Goveriiiaent itself had to pay fifty million dollars raore for uniforms' 'ind similar 
other ijoods. Mr. Sabith pointed out that the rice of cotton has quadrupled 
in the past, four years. The Consressinan*s bill contains a clause which declares 



I G - 2 - BOIiJ:.:L^J 



III D 

IV D9:ini Elasatel . Ja.u 16, 191S. 
IV (Jewish) 

illegal any purchase or sale of v;ool or cotton v;hich is not 
delivered irrjnediately. Any violation of this law shoiild be punished by a 
sentence of fron one to five ye'-irs in the penitentiary -^ 

3> 

Sheep raisers in the '..est have formed a combine to boost wool prices, the r" 
Congressrian said, lie intenJo to subnit proofs of this to con^^^ress. -o 

o 

ro 

CJ1 



I 



in B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 16, 1918. 

IV 

CZECH PEOPLE AND CZECHOSLOV.iK ARMY 

(Sviinmary from the Press Bureau of the Czech National 
Alliance and the National Alliance of Czech 
Catholics in America) 

The Bohemian Review , official organ, in English, of the Czech National Alliance ^ 

in America, is published in Chicago and ably edited by Dr. JaroslaT F. 'p 

Smetanka, In the January number of its second year, the Review responds to C 

the proclamations of two statesmen of Anglo-Saxon descent, Lloyd George and ig 

President Wilson. This article reflects perfectly the innermost sentiment of £ 

the entire Czechoslovak people in j-'anerica. This emanation of the English Lj 

language organ of our movement (for the liberation of Czechoslovaks) deserves i^ 

all the more attention, as it will be read by a large part of the American '^ 
political world. 

Even across the ocean the Bohemian Review finds its place upon the desks of 
men in politics. All the branches of the Czech National Alliance, National 
Alliance of Czech Catholics, and the Slovak League ought to assist in the 



I G 

III B 2 
III H 
IV 



- 2 - 
Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 16, 1918. 
distribution of the article as best they can. 



BOHEMAIN 



We are offering a translation of the second part for the information of our 
fellow countrymen :••••• 



2 



SO 
CO 



s 



I G BOIiauIAIT 

III H 

Denni Illasatel . Jan. 15, 1918. 

3TA1© UP ?0a YOUR NATION 
(From the Press Bureau of the Czech National Alliance and the 
National Alliance of Czech Catholics in ;^erica) 

In a time when the whole world stands ai^hast at what the near future has in 
store for us; when the clanor of statesmen drowns the thunder of cannons; 
when ner,-; viewpoints are born; v;hen the irrepressible influence of denocracy 
is making itself felt: Je, Czechs and Slovalzs, follow in suspense the 
avalanche of rapidly changing events. 



C3 



Cc 



The demands of America and Great Britain as interpreted by their representa- 
tives, and the answer expected from the Central i'ov;ers — those inveterate ^ 
foes of democracy — demonstrate that democracy is firmly determined to «"• 

change the ftice of Europe entirely. This is to be done upon utterly different 
principles from those upon v;hich the servants of potentates under the leader- 
ship of I.^etternich, the Austrian, built the Holy Alliance, 



I Q - 2 - BOHES^IAU 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 15, 1918. 

Autocracy had at that tine organized itself to subjugate the Poles, to 
oppress national entities. 

It is a long way tovvard peace today, true enough. But today also there 

is felt in the diplomatic world the unlaio^vn power of democracy. Todaj'', 

when statesmen voice the will of the people (in the Allied countries at 

least), v;e, the American branch of the Czechoslovak nation, are straining 

our eyes and gazing toward the v;orld tribunal — to-.vard the future universal 

peace conference to which our nation has addressed itself concerning our 

strife and our rights. 2 

Although Lloyd George and President Jilson did not specially mention our t 
nation, they ,f7uaranteed it the rif:ht to a free, unfettered life, even though 
they did not express themselves as to the form in which this should be 
materialized. They leave this problem, in fact, to our nation itself to 
defend its rights before the v.-orld's forum in a manner that will best serve 
its particular interests. 









tn 



I G - 3 - BCHajAN 

III H 

Denni lOLasatel. Jan. 15, 1918. 

In the first noments after the proclaiaat ion (George's and Jilson's), many 
of our good fello'w citizens began to waver and seemed to have lost that 
fearlessness which is our heritaj^e from our early protagonists of liberty. 
Many of our citizens failed to grasp the v/ords of Cavour, eminent Italian 
statesman, "that the greatest danger to a nation is fear, and that a na- 
tion should not harbor any fears concerning its future". 

And v;e have no fear of this sort I There have been many occasions for fear 
during these last three years. Our nation at hone not only did not become 
panic-stricken, but progressively stiffened its struggle for independence. 






From the time of the proclaiaation of Czech representatives in the Vienna ^ 
parliament up to the present, the radicalism of our reT)resentatives, as -" 
well as those of other Slav nations, v;as on the ascendancy and remained 
unbroken even when Austria, together v;ith Germany, exerted new pressure 
upon Italy v/ith the result of an at least temporary conquest. 

Our nation has a glorious tradition and a strongly developed sense of duty 



- 4 - BOHg.:iiU-J 

Dennl Illasatel , Jan. 15, 1918, 

tov/ard itself and its future generations. It is conscious of its duty 
toward those who have shed their blood for it and tov;ard those who are 
still volxinteering for service in the Czechoslovak Army in France and 
even in the Third Amy on the Italian front, ./e do not fear that such 
a nation wovild coiranit treason apiainst itself, that such a nation would 
give up its ideal v/hich is approaching realization nov;, v;hen democracy 
is knocking over thrones and setting up nev; governments of the people 
8uad by the people. 



3> 



o 



rs:- 
— I 



.78 are convinced that our people '.vill understand the proclamations made 
by statesmen in the past days and will understand that if these proclama- ^ 
tions agreed to the independence of Poland, then this consent surely v/as 
unavoidable, for the Germans themselves gave the first impulse to the es- 
tablishment of a Polish state in order to ^et ahead of the .Ulies. 

The situation in the case of our nation and of the Y\;igoslavs is, true 
enouf,h, more complicated for us and the Allies. Not one quarter of 



-o 



I G - 5 - B0II3!.TIAN 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 15, 1918. 

Yugoslav soil, or ours, is in the hands of the Allies, except a small corner 
of southernnost Serbia. Neither Great Britain nor America has a single 
soldier on German or Austrian ground. 

./e knov/, therefore, that Austria v:ill not be crushed by force from the out- 
side, but that the final blow ].iust cone froji vxithin the nonarchy. And in- 
dependence also does not spring up overnight, but is the result of a r^reat 5* 
struggle and fight, in \^ich the contestants raust not let any scruples lead <^ 
them to releix their efforts. r^ 

-o 

The unification of Italy v;as achieved after several decades; the independ- o 

ence of Hungary vaas the result of fi~hts carried on in the political Lj 

arena, on the battlefields, and on barricades for fully twenty years, § 

The same applies to the independence of Poland. *^ 

Our nation, after three hundred years of oppression, and its Slovak branch, 
which has been subjugated for one thousand years, have learned patience and 



- 6 - BOHSI.IIAIT 

Denni rllasatel , Jan. 15, 1910. 

self-denial enoui^h to carr:/ on the ficht today -.vhen denocracy is on the 
road to victory. ;/e viill continue in the struggle for three years, five 
years, ten years, and longer, if necessary. 

,/e, the living Czechoslovak branch, have had our share of blood sacrifice 

during the past few r.onths, contributing to the attainment of ultimate ^ 

victory in the battle against autocracy, ./e must stand and shall stand 5 

by our nation, by its strength, its character, and its patience, in all <=^ 

times of ordeal. r; 

-o 

.7e clung to our nation during the entire existence of the American branch o 

of Czechoslovaks. ie adhered to it in the first three years of the v.'ar, i^ 

j'e all are going to stand up for it as long as it is not liberated. £;tand ^ 

up for your nation I "^ 



I G BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlaaatel . Jan. 15, 1918. 

III H 

FROM THE LITTLE BESS 

Czechoslovak women, your old h<^eland calls for youl Your brothers in the 
Czechoslovak Array are looking to you — will you help them? The Vcelky 

(Little Beea/ai ladies' auxiliary of the Czech National Alllanc^) have ^ 

promised to give comfort to our dear warriors, to help them to victory and ^ 

the liberation of our beloved old homeland. 'S^ 

F 

Our valiant soldiers are going into the horrors of war by their own volition ^ 

and for love of the old country. They will bring back to us the palm of S 

victory and liberty for our nation. i^ 

And we women? Is it not, indeed, the duty of all mothers, wives, sisters, vr 

and fiancees to contribute to success by their work? How much easier will 
our soldiers bear all the sufferings in war if they know that all the women 
in all of America stsuid by them! .... 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

ni B 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 15, 1918, 

III H 

Hew thoy will bless the Little Bees vAio saved the life of many a 
soldieri The consciousness of doing good gives us strength so that we 
do not feel tired. Afith how much joy we get together, how the eyes of 
every one of us sparkle, and how everyone is fortified by the knowledge 
that she is working for the homeland! 

The Little Bees are the Czech women's armada. Not one single Czechoslovak 5 

woman should be missing frcm our hive. Just as bees gather honey for their "^ 

gueen mother, we, also, are willing to perform any service for our dear r* 

mother, our beloved homeland. That is the slogcoi of the Little Bees, and ^ 

I believe that no mother will fail to Join us. o 

CO 

Branches of the Little Bees are being organized at any place where the ^ 
hearts of noble women beat. Nevertheless, many women have not enrolled as ^ 
yet. This time is so critical that everything but highly important tasks 
should be put aside and postponed. Those men who are lucky enough not to 
be called for military service should go ahead and form a home defense 



I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

II D 1 Denni laasatel. Jan. 15, 1918. 

III H 

with us. If all of them will march shoiilder to shoulder with us as 
if they were one roan, and will contribute by their deeds and not just by 
words, written or spoken, we shall be able to produce immense results. 
The whole world will know about us. The vrtiole world will then speak of us 
as a nation worthy of liberty, because we are always ready to make any 
sacrifice at the altar of the old homeland. ^ 

Woe unto us if we let this opportunity passi I believe that we shall do F= 

our duty. Onward to our beehive, and victory must ccme to usl ^ 

For the "Czech California** branch of the Little Bees of the Czech National 3 

Alliance. ^ 

^s> 

^J 

Signed, Anna J. Novakova, President. 



I G BOII]iMI.JT 

III II 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 14, 1918. 

TO Tli^ CS3CH PSOFLi: III .uZilRICA 

(From the Czech National Alliance and the National ;j.lianc9 of Czech Catholics 
in i^morica) 

In view of the latest political developraents, we deem it necessary to define 
our attitude publicly. This ;;ar, ivhich -.vas designed to sweep some nations off 
the surface of the globe and to enslave others, has suddenly turned into a 
fight for the freedora of nations. Small and subjuj^ated nations, which had 
hitherto been looked down upon as pariahs in the community of nations, awoke 
to the recognition of their rights and their significance in huraan society. 

In the midst of the peal of cannon which was neeint to be their death knell, 
thej'' arose before the world and proclaimed the principles of freedom of na- 
tions — principles which will go dov/n in history as the harbingers of a new 
era. 



TO 

O 



CO 

en 



I G - 2 - BOEa.a.\II 

III H 

IV Dennl Illasatel , Jan. 14, 1918, 

There will be no peace until nations are free to decide their destinies. In 
order to make this \>iar result in a permanent and auspicious peace and not one 
which would germinate into another still .lOre horrible v;ar, equality nust be 
established axon^-; the nations. No nation exists that is too snail to be Tree. ^ 

Such was the appeal of the nations to tho conscience of the world. Our nation F= 

also rose and took its place before the forun of the world. Our people ware <^ 

gagged in the old homeland, but our couiitr:'- spoke out through the deeds of its 5 

sons upon the battlefields. It spoke through the voice of the Luaigrants whose 2 

colonies are scattered over every part of the world and viho thus becaTie the ^ 
delegates of our people to other nations. 






The Czech issue has becoae an international problem. Unless it is solved, 
there can be no Just peace. This has been our contention, and we have pre- 
sented proof. By a fair solution of the Czechoslovak question, v.'hicn is a 




3» 



Denni Illasatel , Jan. 14, 1918, 

part of the problam of small nations, ona of the niain causes of international 
strife will be reraovad. Therefore, it is in the interest of international se- 
curity to libei'atG the Czech people. 

It is natural that in advancinc this pro^ran vie have won the s^Tapathies of all 
de.ocratic forces in the v/orld. The ene.-aies of Austria-lluni^ar^'- liave become p 
our friends, //e had one coinnon ai.i — the de:aolition of .lUStria. .';e felt that -^ 
wherever the slogan '♦Denocracv .nust be securedl" was sounded, tliat was the to 
place v/here y;e could find frionds, because wliat v;e de.'nand for our ovra nation 
is something funda-nental, which all nen require. 

Notwithstar.dinr; all the friendship slio-.vn us b;.' the deniocratic v;orld, ;ve v.'ore 
nevertheless conscious of this, that liberty for the Czech nation cannot be 
won by begging or weeping; that it cannot be bought; and that it nust not be 
given as a favor — but that we v/ill have to fight for it, win it, and that we 
have to prove our right to it cy naking sacrifices. \Ie have to demonstrate 



CD 

en 



I Q - 4 - 30ID;.!I_JT 

III H 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 14, 1918. 

that the independence of our nation is the result of hard work. 

Yes, we have placed and are placing our hopes in aid rTom our friends, but for 

a fundanental guarantee of success v;e have searched and are searching in the ^ 

soul of the Czech people thenselves, ^ 

I — 
Therefore, in spite of all ridicule and suspicion, we have continued and shall '^ 

continue to follov; our path. Our organisation .vas dubbed "the bad fortune of ^ 

the Czechoslovak nation, .. .because it aggravates the condition of those fellov;- ^- 

countrjrmen who live under the government of the Austrian i::agle." But we knew o 

that ;vhat v;e are doing is the e:iianition of the hope and efforts v;hich are bum- ^ 

ing in the soul of millions ,«;ho live in Czech and Slovak lands — millions whose 

hands were shackled and over v/hon the depressing atmosphere of prison hovered. 

And when fro.i tlie Ht.st there came the f^reat light of freedom; when in holy 



I G - 5 - 3ciii.:i;jT 

III H 

17 Denni lllasatel . Jan. 14, 1918. 

Russia there rose the gigantic, victorious vmve of da-riocracy which rejuvenatod 
the world by its spirit; when under its effects aven conditions in the land 
of our birth were eased, ?jid our nation could breathe and speak more freely: 
then our nation spoke through the mouths of representatives of all walks of 
life and all parties; our nation sr)oko as a people speaks w.iich is determined 
to die for its liberty, 

Vi^e v;ant libertyl "./e, ourselves, v/ant to deteimine the course of our lifel 
V/e v;ant our own froe and democratic state I" .aid hundreds of thousands of 
Czech and Slovak prisoners /who were forced to serve in the iiUstro-Hungarian 
.irmy and v;ere taken b;-^ the .illie^Z are calling; for arms to fight for an in- 
dependent and free Czechoslovak state. 

The foundations upon which we shall proceed to build the cathedral of freedom 
are laid! 



3> 



-o 

TO 
O 

CO 

c=> 
ro 
~^ 
en 



I G - 6 - BQlMLim 

III H 

IV Denni Illasato l. Jan. 14, 1918. 

Czechonlovak de-iocracj'" has spoksn daringly and resolutely to the sntire .vorld, 
just as a nation v;:iich is closing accounts v/ith itself on what has been stifling 
its develoTDraent for centuries speaks. Democracy has v.-on the Czechoslovak peo- 
ple, and the nomenfc will also come ivhen donocracy riaterializes. S 

And for this reason we are determined to folloiv our ideal persistently. Gzech 'p 

dexocracy v/ill not be lost and v;ill not perish, even if the fortunes of war ^ 

should turn. Democracy lives and grov/s in the soul of the jjeople. It sprang ^ 

from the beautiful courage of Gzech volunteers vvho go to v;ar again to fight o 

for freedon, after having gone through the hell-fire of battles. De locracj'- co 

will act even there, v;here it v;ill raise its victorious banner, and where the £:^ 
flag of the onpressive Ilausburg governments still tvcves today, lie who .vould 
destroy Gzech liberty v^ould have to annihilate the Gzech nationi 

;Ve are not becoming dispirited! V/e are not losing faith, even if statesmen 



CJ1 



I G - 7 - BOIIg.!lJ\?I 

III H 

IV. Denni Hlasatel . Jai'. 14, IS 18. 

and diplomats in whose aid \ie placed hope do not remembQr us, particularly 
v/hen they nake ofxicial proclamations concerning Austria. Our 'irobleri is and 
v;ill be vital. .;e would have to lose faith in ourselves — be it but for a 
second — before we would v;aver. Only he is lost v;ho has lost faith in himself, -o 

V/e certainly feel strengthened by the speeches of Lloyd George and President jpi 
V/ilson, who spolce na;^nificently aoout the rights of self -de termination of "^ 
small nations, x''rom these messages there e.nerges only one result; It con- g 
vinces us of the necessity for more intensive, daring, and substantial y;ork. 
IVe are not battling for the freedom of the Czechoslovak nation alone, .ve 
shall fight so that the -vorld can see and Imow that liberty for the world 
also means the liberty of the land of our birth. 

The /forld must become convinced of this by our sincerity. Our actions will 
have to reflect evide..ce of our bold determination to -orosecute our aims over 



CD 
C71 




- O - i5ui.!^J^i;a< 

Denni niasatel , Jan. 14, 1918. 

the head of the v;:iole world. 

Sluggishness and v/eakness therefore must not ho the governin,-- spirit of today; 

hut, on the contrar:'-, strength and courage v;hich grow out of consciousness of s 

the rights v;e are de.aanding must lead us on.vard. Our libert7 shall not and 3> 

must not be a gift of nercy, for freedom given as a favor is no freedo;:i. Only '^ 

wealclinp;s build their castles upon raercy and lose faith in their cause when- ^ 

ever fortune chanf;es its fickle sympathy. The world oeloiit^s to the stroiig, -o 

and the real soldier proves his qualit-' when the situation is ;;iost serious, o 

He does not lose discipline. He does not lose faith. He does not lose pluck. cx> 
Pie does not lose the will to v;in. .;e hope that the Czechs in this country were t:^ 

not bom from a nation of weaklings, .ie believe in our people, in their cour- *" 
age, in their love, in their sincerityl 

One hun-lred thousand Czechoslovak volunteers, who once had been recruited into 
the Austrian Arm:;- /and are na; fighting in ths Czechoslovak and Allied armies/, 



I G - 9 - BOHia.II.HlT 

Til H 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 14, 1918. 

represent a stronger support o£ our cause than if the whole world stood behind 
us and we siniply tept quiet. 

;jid for this reason, each Czechoslovak volunteer represents one of the pillars 

upon v/hich our liberated nation v.'ili stand, xijid b;- the saiae token, every ^ 

Czechoslovak volunteer neans a nail in the coffin for iiustrian thralidom. Upon 2 

the Czechoslovak .army, that army of action, and not upon pronises, be they '^ 

ever so flittering, v;ill the future of the nation be based. Tlie S/,Tnpathies ^ 

of tho world for our cause v.ill (3rov/ in proportion to the power of the de.T.on- -o 

strations of this suffering and sacrificing nation. o 

Thus todaj'' v;e kna; only one aim: Onward into the contest for the liberty of t:;^ 
the nationi Therefore v;e knov; only one right — the right to an independent "^ 
life, ..'e know, indeed, that tliere is not force enough in the world to stem 
the breaking of the shackles and .r event the resurrection of our nation if 
its determination is sanctified by the longing of millions who raised the 



I G - 10 - g0HZ!.!I.\K 

III 11 

IV Denni Hlasatel, Jan. 14, 1918. 

banner o£ libert" and denocracy before the eyes of the -.vorld, ..e, too, stride 
under this banner. .e knav that v;e are marching toivard victory, because v/e 
have coined luistor:,'' over ourselves. 



2 



For the C::ech I.'ational ;J.liance: Dr. L. J. Fisher, pi'esident; Joseph Tvrzicl::'', -ri. 
secretary'-. 7ov the ICational alliance of Czech Catholics in .jaerica: Reverend ^ 
I. Kestl, president; F. Sindelar, secretary. 



CO 



■i 



B0H5MIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 6, 1918, 

ON THEIR WAY TO mANCE 
Czech Volunteers Leave To Join Czechoslovak Array 

Yesterday, in our office, we received Vojta Benes, ardent, patriotic worker, 
and organizer of the Czech National Alliance. With him was a group of strong 
young men, all bubbling over with vigor, whom he introduced as enthusiasts 
who had just enlisted in the Czechoslovak Army. They were an additional 
contingent to the Czechoslovak Army which has been acknowledged by the French g 
government, and which was granted the status of a compact military unit to ^- 
fight as such with the Allied Amies* Most of them came from Omaha, Nebraska, g 
where they had gathered from various districts, and had been organized by en 
Mr. Tuma, These volunteers, twelve in nvimber, v/ere escorted to Chicago by 
Cenek Kostelnik, where they will be joined by men from other districts. Thirty 
other volunteers who preceded them left Chicago yesterday. 

The men did not stay here long, but left last ni^t at 11 P, M, Others will 
meet them in New York, and the expedition, the largest up to today, will sail 



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I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

17 

Penal Hlaaatel, Jan. 6, 1918. 

abroad to do military service under the CQimaand of the French government, and 
to help win victory for democracy. 

We wish to see them return in the same health and spirit. ^ 



so 
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I Q BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1918, 
I K 

TO TEE WOMEN OF CICERO 

V/e are addressing ourselves to all those who have a tender heart, //omen, 
all of you, come and help! You can feel with a feminine heart what our 

heroes have to endure in the trenches for our downtrodden old homeland, -^ 

the memory of wdiich cannot be obliterated, ,Ve are convinced that there ^ 

are many among you who can help mitigate the soldiers' sufferings. If -c^ 

our boys csm face death, it would be a sad state of affairs if women were F 

afraid of a little exertion, //omen's hands, be they ever so weak, can ^ 

accomplish much good. o 

Do not be tardyj Increase the membership of the Vcelky (Little Bees), ^ 
that organization of diligent v/oraen. On this occasion v/e wish to express tr! 
our gratitude to all donors for the lovely gifts sent in to date. We im- 
plore those who cannot donate their services to make some monetary contri- 
bution. Those who wish to join the Little Bees may apply at Mrs. Moravicka's, 
5411 V/est 24th Street. 



I G - 2 - BOHS?JIAN 

II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 2, 1918. 
I K 

Some of the donors and their contributions are: Sokol Karel Jonas, 

$10; the Ladies' Society, Mir Cechie (The Peace of Czech Lands), :|p9.05; the 
Union of Czech-American jVomen, Rozkvet Svobody (The Bloom of Liberty), $6... 



5 



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rsa 
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I G BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 2, 1918, 

^rSNS VfflO SEEK SXEKPTIOK FROM. MILITARY SERVICE/ 

(Editorial) 

All our fellow coimtrymen who are not citizens, and vjho on that ground ask 2 

for exemption from military service, are, thereby, proclaiming themselves to — 

be "alien enemies". They ought to think the matter over very thoroughly r; 

before deciding to take the step. By asking exemption they announce them- -o 

selves as belonging to the "undesirable element", as people who consider the o 

United States to be a country just good enough for making money. They show Lj 

that they would not make any sacrifices for the preservation of existing !^ 

conditions or for their betterment. *** 

These people testify that they are nothing more than greedy egoists and 
parasites. TSiey should not be astonished if this country seeks to get rid 
of them at the earliest opportxmity. People of that caliber place the interest 
of their insignificant ego above that of the American people. They place their 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel. Jan. 2, 1918. 

Interest abore that of the Czech people from which they Issued, and also above 
that of all mankind to whom victory over the Teutons will mean a blessing. 

Much has been written and babbled among our people about our Czech and ^ 

Merican consciousness* This is the time for a showdown. May the proof be -a 

a splendid success which will do us honor and fill us with joy. May it not ^i 

bring shame upon us, and cast deep gloom over our minds! P 

-T3 
TO 

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Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 2, 1918. 

(Advert isenent ) 

Our coimtr^/ is enr^aced in a v;ur v/hich nust "be v/on. The thing nost needed to 5 

attain this victory is nonsy, v;hich nust be sup;-:lied by the people of this <::i 

country. In order to have this money to provide as a loan to the Govern.' :ent , r- 

you Jiuat 3uve. Tliis r.oncy dra-;3 interest an'2, at the saiie tine, you are as- ^ 

sured the greatest possible security. o 



Full paj'-e advertisement don^jted by Denni ^ _ Iilas;:itel irintinr^ and ?ubliGhing 
Conpany, 1545 :ie-t ISth 3tre-jt, G-iicur:o, Illinois. 



CO 



1 Ct ^ly y^.-x.^i 

III B 2 

III 11 Deiini Illasatel, Dec. 31, 1.17. 

IV 

T.;0 CllilCH LJ J}JR3 JITTHUJI JSTIC-iLY ./da^COLIJlJ 

(Suiiuary) 

Captain Zkienek Firlirioer of the staff of the Czechoslovak --jny, and ^ 

Jan Jancek, Slovak vrriter ind nev;s editor, cojie to Chic 1:30 last veek. They 5 

are delegates of the Russian branch of the Czechoslovak National Council. <=i. 

They will confer v;ith our leaders on the extension and further orc:-nization r" 

of the Czechoslovak -^rray, -o 

o 

Last Saturday they were '.velcoaed by a nultitude of Czechs and Slovaks at a ^ 

meeting held at the Sokol Chicago Hall. -J.thouf:h' the v/eek-end is not a S 

favorable ti:ie for dor.onstrations of this kind, the hall vias paclced. 1/8 "* 

have to acknov/ledce that our brothers,, the Slovaks, v;era in the majority. 

I.Ir. F. J. Kubec opened the :.;eetin'j. Then I..r. Joseph Tvrziclcy, secretar^T- of 
the Czech National Alliance, expressed the gratitude of the Czechoslovaks 



I Q - 2 - BCTIJ1..I.J: 

III 3 2 

III H Denni l aasatol . Dec. Jl, 1917. 

IV 

to the sister republic of 'Praiica for the ^reut political advontaces 
that accrue to us fro.:, the creation of the Czechosloviil: ^tXit, '.vhich irrance 
per:.:it3 to fir/it alongside her ovm forces in jTrmce. This Gzechoslov.'.c jny 
will ;3Uarantee us independent political stundin^, and at the peace conference 
of the .-J-lies and the United otates it v.'ill strengthen our clair.: to self- 
detemination as a Czechoslovak state. 

The spea'csr stressed the duty of the Czechoslovaks in .j.ierica to see to it 
that the size of that ->r:.iy be ever incre-<3ed. He expressed his confidence 
that the presence of the tv;o distinguished visitors v;ill materially help 
enlistir.ent. 

Capt-iin ITirlincer, v;ho is a youns iian, then took the floor. Cn the uniform 
of his ariiiy he v/ore the cross conferred upon him for bravery in action. His 
striking; personality evo!ced creat applause. Greeti.igs fro . our brothers in 
Russia and expressions of joy because so .lany Av.erican Czechoslovaks are 
doing their duty fori.ed the introductioa of his -aessago. The spirit of the 



SO 
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I G - 6 " BOm.I.'l] 

III B 2 

III H Deruii Illasatol . Dec. 31, 1917. 

IV 

.jiericun Czechoslovaks, he continued, is ospocially rofreshinc nov;, 
v;hen Russia, of v.hich so nuch h.\s been oxpectod, is undergoinc a crucial 
politic>-.l and Gcono:.iic test. The Araericun Gzechoslov-Jcs, the speahor 
declared, deserve v;holGhcai*ted thixfizs fro.i the fi;-;i.tor3 in Russia. The latter 
havo suffered unexpected reversec, true enour-h, but they firxoly believe in the 
ulti.'.iate success of their arris and in an overwhoL.iinr victory of the Slavs. 

"i'ihen the v/ar brolce out, Ilr. ii'irlini;er said, the Czechs felt instinctively ^ 

that the" could not f i "ht their Russian brothers 2 



3* 



to 



Vflien Firlinf;er ..eft, the Czechosloval: ■■jr.iy had about thirty thousand luen in 

eicht rerilT.ents . It had its ovm artillery and all necessar:,'- technic-1 ecuip- ^ 

:;;ont. By creating;:; this .^nv', the 3:;ea:;er pointed out, v:e have given distinct 

proof th^t '..e are acainst Austria, and that v.e v;ant to live. Serbians and 

Rur.anians joined this Aniy. The Czechs and Slovaks are, hov/ever, to be 

credited vath having conceived the original idea of its cre<.ition. 'The iirrr.y 

is supported by the "national head t.oc", vvhicli is self -imposed by the 



I - 4 - bo;::i.:l>i-^ 

III B 2 

III E Dennl IHusat el. Dec. ol, 1.17, 

17 

Gzechoslovalcs. 'Iliis t;ix is cl^dlj'- paid oven by the Czschoslovulc soldier 

liii.iself , v;iio is thus nude conscious of doin:: his duty, and is convinced thut 

his sacrifice is not in v-in 

Captain ?irlinser*s address v/as enthusiastic, and the audience responded v/ith 
frenzied applause. VJe regret, hov;cver, that he did not go into det.:al about 
the courageous deeds of our Czechoclovalc volunteers in the battles of Zborov 
and Tamopol, because tliese deeds belong to the i.iost brillicoit chapters in 
the history of the entire international struegle. Also, had Captain iTirlinger 
civen us a truer picture of the actual conditions in Russia, he doubtless would 
have far better ingratiated hijiself v;ith his audience. 

Lr. Jan Jancelc, the next speolcer, v/as receivod v;ith equal ardor. He represents Df 
the type of intelligent Slov:ik viho speaks v;ith a pinch of hui.ior oven vaien 
relating; his sad experiences as a prisoner of v;ar. lie has been through all 

phases of the vmr so far He described conditions in Austria-ITim,':;ary before 

the be^'3inning of the V.'orld V/ar -.fter the i;;obili2ation, tho Slovaks felt 



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I G - 5 - Boii:ci:iAiy 

III B 2 

III H Denn i Hlasa tel. Dec. 51, 1.-17, 

IV 

as the Czechs had, that they v:ould not shoot the Russians 

The audience, by its applause, expressed complete accord v/ith the spealcers, 

I.lr, Rubringer^s band played patriotic airs, and the enthusiasm reached a 
high pitch vJiien. Mr. Tvrziclcy read a resolution that expressed syiapathy and 
loyalty to the sister republic of Jr^^ncG. Tl:e resolution is to be sent to 
V/ashington and froi.. there to the French ^overnnent. It reads: 



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"Czechs and Slovaks of Chicaro, at a iieetinr called by the Czechoslovak 
Gcinmittee on Lilitary -iXfairs, unanij.'ioualy passed the following resolution, S 
Vifhich wc bee yo'-* to present to the Government of the Republic of France: tji 

" 'Czechs and Slovaks in the United States joyfully perform their duty in 
expresGing to the sister republic of Fr:;nce our deep and loyal gratitude 
for so generously permitting ua to shoulder arras v;ith the raost glorious 
army of all tines and on a soil most sacred to mankind. 



I G - 6 - BOIU-.L.:: 

Ill B 2 

III H Deniii Klasat el, Dec. ol, 1C17. 

TJ 

" 'In the creat battle of deuocracy, at tho head of v;i.ich stands Trance, 
in the stru{xle of liyat cigainst the v/orld of darlmcss, v;g cannot rori.in in 
slavish obscurity. Tlia fl:i;.iinG torch th-t It.mco threw into Teutonic serf- 
don illm.iinates the heart of ZCiiropa, our Csochoslova'.: lands. Its ::lar8 travels — 
over the ocean and au^jurs a better futvire for the oppressed n_tions, ^ 

•'. * Czechs and Slovaks have participated in the cre^-t strii^^le actively fron p 

the very boeinnini;; of the war, and if rranco will :-;a!:e it ]:os3iblo i?or then 
joyfully to dci.ionstrute thoir loyalty to the caus.- of deriocracy, they promise 
eagerly to do their duty on the front, and hers across the ocean as well. 



O 



Co 

" ^"Dy recocnizin£; the Czechoslov ./.: .inij'' Frmce has dcrionstr ..ted to the world 5=1 
her historic adherence to ri^ht and justice, and her indoriitable loyalty to 
deiiocr:-:cy, 

" *5^.nce will r.iean a second ho:..oland to our fishters, and the soil drenched 
with their blood vail forever be s_cred to our nation. 




— 7 — BOIUl.LiII 

Denni IQ^satel . Dec. 31, iri7, 

" *'.7e love der.ocratic TruncQ. v;e love ^.Tance, the vrotector of the 
rights of s:.iall nations, the great laother of the oypressed. 

" *Glor-/ to i'rance, v;ho led the n-tions, cleariufj the road for the freedoii 
of citizens, and v;ho today is blazing the path to liberty for the nationsi 
Undying farie to her valiant an.iy and to the entirety of the ]7ranch people! 
Liberty for .dsaco-Lorraine, liberty to the Czechoslovak n.^tion, li'-arty 
to all the n.^tions ^roanin^: lender the Teuton! c-I.:acyar yoke! ♦ " 

This nanifesto is signed by Dr. Ludvdc J. ?isher, president of the Czech 
national Alliance; ?. J. IZubcc, chairnan of the Czechoslovak Cor.iirdttee for 
L-ilit^i^-"- /JTfairs; Captain jpirliu^-or, representing the Czechoslovak i\rr;iy; 
Jan Jancek, ropresentinG.; the Caechoslov .ks in Russia; and /jidrev/ ^hustek, 
president of the Chic-^o branch of the Sloval: League . 



^ I_G BOHFmAN 

III H 
, Dennl Hlasatel. Dec. 15, 1917. 

UNJiASK THE MAGYARS 

(Sditorial) 

While we Czechs welcome the entrance of the United States into the war against % 

Austria - Hungary, our brothers, the Slovaks, rejoice at the good tidings just ^^ 

as much as we. This is evident from an address delivered by Mr. Jamarik at p 

a mass demonstration held recently in the Pilsen Brewery Park. ^^ 

The American people know of the raving Teutons and of their murderous deeds. >— 
They learn of them daily through the press. Yet the American public has ^ 
been very tolerant toward the Magyars. There are still too many people here ^5^ 
\irtio consider them to be "a chivalrous nation". People who are acquainted 
with the rotten conditions in Austria - Hungary must have felt their stomachs 
turn at hearing with v^at exaggerated politeness and even fawning the Hungarian 
magnate Count Apponyi was received during his visit to the United States. 
"The Bloody Count" was hailed as the incarnate angel of peace and an ezalted 



I G - 2 - BOTm^AN 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 15, 1917, 

protagonist of democracy. 

By their actions, the interpreters of public opinion and "spokesmen of the 
people" gave a glaring exhibition of their limited knowledge. Certainly, 
if there is in Siirope a nation that is devoid of all humane feeling and 
that has perpetrated hideous crimes, then the Magyars are to be mentioned :p^ 
first. Their country is the realm of hell-fire. The revolution in 1848 ^ 

threw into their lap much more than was rightfully theirs. Selfishness rj 

was victorious that time and the Magyars knew how to take advantage of -o 

those conditions. They did it in their own cunning and subtle manner. Ttie o 
nation that craves freedom only in order to be able only to subjugate and oo 

to oppress other nations and that accomplishes this by every means, no mat- [^ 
ter how bloody, must be ccUlled selfislh. 

All that Americans know of the Magyars dates back to the year 1848, the 
year of their revolution. Everything that concerns the true character of 
these Huns is proverbially "all Greek" to Americans. He hope that more may 



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I G - 3 - BOma^TAN 

III H 

Deonl Elasatel . Dec, 15, 1917, 

be learned of these people now that war has been declared. The people of 
the United States have to be informed, in order to learn that the Magyars 

are to blame for all that v/as pernicious in the dual monarchy in the first =S 

place. They worked together with the Germans and were the strongest pillar ^ 

of the houses of Hapsburg and Eohenzollern. If the Americans could gain em p: 

insight into the pages of terror and misery that the Slovaks had to endure ^ 

under the Magyar yoke, they would regard that "chivalrous nation" differently. ^ 

They would arrive at the conclusion that the Germans are wronged when they 2 

are described as human beasts v^ose misdeeds cannot be outdone by any other '^ 

nation. C::^ 

Information of this kind should be furnished by Czechs, Slovenes, and all 
Slavs in general, and it should comprise even the most minute details. The 
time to do this is more propitious now than it ever will be again. 



I G BOHaivOCAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 14, 1917. 

THE UNITED AIJAT3URS 

The dramatic branch of Sokol Havli cek-Tyrs is continuing its performances 
for the benefit of our soldiers in France. 

The first battalion of the Czechoslovak Array is complete and fitted out. Three ^ 
expeditions of American Czechs and Slovaks have arrived in France, -^ 



The hearts of those boys are in the American homes of the Czechs and Slovaks. 

V/e who are here in security often let our thoughts wander across the ocean, § 

especially now when Christmastime is here. \'lhen we enjoy our entertainments 

we should feel that our mirth and merriment will so bring a ray of happiness 

to our soldiers in France. Among the social affairs arranged for the benefit ^ 

of our soldiers the theatrical performances of the Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs are 

outstanding and should be well patronized by our people. 



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I G BOIEMLm 

Dennt Klasatel . Deo. 14. 1917. WP* OLD PfiOJ. 30275 

SOLDiaas SKPaSSS their GILiTITUDE 

Patriotic Czech vjomen who meet in Dvorak Park several times a week to sew and 
knit for our soldiers are receiving many letters of thanks from our boys. 3ven 
the smallest gift is gratefully received and ea.'^erly accepted by the boys, 

Llrs. Li. Vyhnanek recently received from Camp Grant a letter in v/hich a soldier 
elaborately expressed his delight at receiving a pair of warm stockings. 




EOHfflvIIAIJ 
Denni ^gasatel . Dec. 12, 1917. 
ECHO OF EHHfUSlAS!.! 



uy 



deliom^iraticn of lcy^ty § 

A large meeting of Czechoslovaks was held in the Pilsen Brewery Park, § 
Albany Avenue and i:6th otreet, last night. Its sponsors were the Czech .-^ 
National Alliance, the national Alliance of Czech Catholics, and the ^ 
i3lovak League. Its purpose was tvjofold. First, it served to cenonstrate JT 
our irreconcilable opposition to the Crovernrient of Austria; and second, ^ 
to proclaim our loyalty to A'n.erica, which has declared war on decayed 
Austria. ..e know what this means. It means the strengthening of cur 
efforts to literate our old homeland and to create an independent 
Czechoslovak state. This aim will be attained sooner or later, and the 
United states is helping us in that direction to a remarkable extent. 
It is evident from President .lilson's proclamation that this country 
has joined in the great struggle, with the liberation of the small nations 
in view. The Czechoslovalcs are, therefore, included, for they are no less 
oppressed than others. 

The evening. was devoted tc the delivery of flaming speeches, Mr, Fr. J. 



^ 



I G :■* -2- BOffiil^I^I 

III H ^^ 

I C I^ecni laasutel . Dec. 12, 1917. 'o^ 

17 * '•f-' 

Kubec, head of ths district br:ncii of the Czech national rilliance, 'l'' 
opened the meeting. 1% introduced the first speaker, i-r. Joseph >> 

Tvrzicky, secretary of the Czech National Alliance, whose address "^ 

took about forty-five minutes, i-j. Tvrzicky declared that the dec- '^ 

laration of vjar against nur.tria was the result of three years' activity 
. in foreign affairs carried on by the Czechoslovaks, '-i-hey may look 
with gratification upon the fact that a nation of one hundred millions 
has finally gone the way that had been shown them by the Slav nation- 
alities three and a (quarter years ago. This proves that what we felt 
years ago is now also felt by others. It is our duty to stand up 
firraly for President ..ilson. In this v;e shall be fortified not only 
by our iVr.erican patriotis,:, bat also by the craving for retribution 
against the Hapsburgs, who have perpetrated the most shameful crimes 
against us for hundreds of yenrs. The speaker emphasized the i::.portance 
of the national tax /self-iiaposed by organizations and individuals of 
Czechoslovak descent/. The Czechoslovak Army in France needs means for 
its subsistence, Ihe speaker further mentioned the President's procla- 
mation, which is extremely favorable to our cause, although as an 



I G -3- BCH^LAIJ 

III H ^, 

I C Denni .aasatel , Dec. 12, 1917. ^/;j^ 



>'a 



,-'< 



IV 

historic docuraent it is forced, for ijood reasons, to leave out so.Tie 'y?/ 
details v-xiich v.e should like to read into it. Lr. Tvrzicky spoke in a "' '''^->, 
hi -hly appreciative tone of the Italian -"ir:.-.y. Tne Italians, like us, 
want the destruction of Austria, and their array v;ill accoiiplish this if 
they are given proper support by the .rtllios and the United states. 

Mr. Norton Johnson, an officer of the alliance of "./ork and Democracy, 
pointed to the activities anc attitude of certain politicians uho cater 
to pro-Jernans and pacifists in order to vjin election votes. He v.as 
fervently applauded. 

'Ihe Belgian consul. Dr. Cyril Veriaaeren, vjas then presented as the official 
representative of belciun by Dr. J. JF. 3netanka. Dr. Vernaeren vjas en- 
thusiastically greeted, and Rubrin^er's b-ind played the Belgian antheiTi 
v,'hile the audience stood at attention. 

The Heverend ?. Jodlicka, priest, patriot, aiid one of our foremost speakers, 



■y 



I G -4- boh::;.:ialt 

III H 

I C Denr.! lilasatel, Jec. rz, 1917. ^to 

IV 

spoke of t.he early ^lericans as a Ghinine e"?ir:plc, -i-nfcy succeeded '-^^ 
not only in building up a r.enoracle docunent of independence, but by their ^^, 
unexanipled coura.:;;e, they have been able to preserve it to thi^ day, a % 
priceless gift to future generations. Ihe speaker ur^ied solidarity in ^ 
action, for v.e ail ::iu3t be ^^uided by one co. jiion purpose nov; and in the \ 
future, until the Mcnent cojies ;vhich v;e so eagerly anticipate— the 
negotiating of the peace treaty. Me declared that the C2echo3lova;.£ v;ill 
have President ./ilson as their spokesinan. The Holy Father will also 
support ther.., as was promised to a Czech group on their visit to the 
delegate of the Holy Jee in ./ashingtcn, D.G. 

ilr. ^bert Lianates, preGiuent of the 31ovaI: League, v;l.s to be the s peaker 
for our brothers, tiie Slovaks, He could not appear, hoi.ever, and I..r. 
Paul Janarik of Pittsburgh took his place. He instantly .vcn the sympathy 
of the audience ;...t:n he began to picture the sufferings endured by the 
Slovaks under the rule of the rabid Hagyars, v;ho learned everything use- 
ful and worth knovjing froi. the Slovalis and are repaying then v;ith per- 
secution. The sarr.e ingratitude toward the Slovaks was shown by the faith- 



o^ 



I G -5- ECHSLIIiU'I .^, • 

III H '% 
I C Deiini Hlasatel. i^ec. li:, 1917, ^ 

IV 
less iinperor -Francis Joseph of --iustria, whoir. they once helped against -^ 

the lilacyars, hoping that they /the olovaks7 vjoxiIq be revjarded v;ith at 
least partial freedo;... Instead, the tre:iCherous monarch delivered tr.en into 
the hands of the Magyars. /Ciir was expressed recently th:^t soae elements 
here would try to shield the Llagyars and represent then as a chivalrous 
nation, ilowever, such attempts proved futile the minute v;ar vias declared, 
iinerica already Imov-s the "Dutchmen". Now -nmerica will bet^in to knov; the 
Austrians and the Hungarians, their allies, the "gentle/aen". These 
members of the "chivalrous nation" have denied the olovaks ever:/ means of 
education. Tliey have even robbed them of their most modest intellectual 
possession — their native language, ^is Slavs, v;e are united by co.ui.ion 
ideals, we have to stand and fight or else be doomed — and this is why 
this war has brought us nearer to each other than ever before, ilie 
spealcer's fervent appeal was received with tumultuous acclaim. 

A no less fervent address v.as delivered by Dr. George Leontic, a Croatian 
and former student at Prague, v;ho spear:s the Czech language very well. 



r- 



I G -6- BCHi^I^; 

III H 

I C Lenni illasatel , Dec. 12, 1917. i: 

IV "^ 
He declared that .tHistria rules under the slogan Vlribus Unitis , ;vhich 'Ii 

means, "jith United Jffcrts". It has nonetheless always tried to irritate 'J. 
the ^lav nations and to disintegrate the;;i in order to remove any possible "^ 
danger. 'Ihe Jugoslavs, also, are longing for liberty. '-.l:ey want c G:- 

Jugoslav state and are therefore a tached to the Czechs and i^lovaks by '^ 
ties of sincerest friendship, 

Ihe last speaker of the evening via^ ^^ttcrney Charles Perkier of i/ashington, 
D.C. .le broui3ht reliable inforiaation about the friendly sentiment enter- 
tained by ini'luential t^overnment circles tovvard the denands of the 
Czechosloveiks. lie was assured that these demands Ki:Ll be given due 
prominence at the peace conference, 'xhe speaker also explained that thi 
President's procli-mation should not be interpreted incorrectly, since the 
President is t:o well knov.n as a staunch protector of the small nations, 

A resoluti n was passed which best shov.s our attitude as sincere irtciericans, 
as a politically mature people. It voices our deiaands and will be sub- 
mitted to the President, 



I G -7- bchh:i.iim 



7^ 



III H 

I C Denni iqasatel . Dec. 12, 1917. 

17 

"To the President of the United '-'tates: <^, 

'•'Ihe nesting of Czechs and -Slovaks called by the Czech National Alliance, '.-^ 
the National Alliance of Czech Catholics, and the 'iloval: League to ,^ 

celebrate the entrance of the United states into the v;ar against Austria, --f; 
has passed this manifesto addressed to you, the President of this great 
Hepublic and the raoral leader of the united democracie. of the entire 
world. 

'"Hie .^vnericans of Czechoslovak descent and Czechs and "Slovaks of the 
Ignited states reiterate their vovj of loyalty to the i-resident, the 
United otates, and to the great cause of the united democracies of the 
world. 

"For hundreds of years the Czechoslovak nation has refused to be a slave 
of the Cerrian-:.lagyar oligarchy. For hundreds of years it has been 
carrying on its fight by legal means. 

"Today that same nation is not only rebelling against the tyrants, but it 



I G -8- boh:::liiaij: 

III H 

I G DenniHlascLtel , Dec 1^, 1917. ^ 

is also fighting Tor complete iRcependeuce. ^he Czechs have reTused "■> 
to let the AUi^tri'^n -nperor be crowned King of Ijohe.r.ia. Gzech represent- 
atives and the people themselves have refused to ceal vjith the Vienna -^^ 
^overnnent. 'i'hoy did not accept tne pr.-;..ise of that govermient that '3- 
independence will be ci^r^int-ed to them, because the only for-i... to de ice '.i, 
upon this cei.tury-old issue is the conference v;hich vjill v;rite the ""A 

articles of peace after t-.e ..orld .iar, 

"The Czechs and Slovaks have manifested their loyalty by taking up ar.v.s 
ati'ainst the '^rriian-.-a{;yar arnie^ anc by battling on all fronts on the 
side of the allies in order to prove their sincerity cmd devotion to 
democratic pxiuciples. 

"The United -states, under your masterly guidance, declared v.ar on Austria, 
and 30 proved its adherence to the cause of deiaocracy. ^.lerica has 
tal:en the lead in the struggle vjhich is also our struggle. -Ve pro-'::ise 
joyfully to sacrifice all we possess to help toward ultimate victory, 

"Long live the President of our lorious and ever- victorious Hepublici" 



I G -9- BClbiaAM 

III H 

I C Dennl laasatel. Dec. i;-, 1917. 

IV 

Hie reprctjentutives of the Allied nationtj vjero sent telof^rai..s in -l^ 
hicix asourance uas civen of the CzechocloVcika' devotion to the "^ 

ooiiicion cause. ^- 



^. 



"^^ 



III B 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 12, 1917. 
IV (Jewish) 

PRiSoIDSOT PLi'L.StCD Bi TaLflGRHlii 

The moinent President V/ilson had oroclai::ied the decision of Congress to declare ^ 

war on Austria-Hungary, the Czech National /illiance took steps to protect '^ 

Czechs in Anerica, noncitizens, who, it was feared, mi<?ht be classified as Z^ 

alien ene.-.'.ies, since their status was, theoretically, still that of Austrian ^ 

subjects, ilie Alliance, through Dr. Ludwi - 7isher its -resident, sent a £? 

telegram to President /ilson in which it asked protection for the Czech non- u^ 
citizens, at the same tir.e assurin.c. him of ths loyalty of the Czech-Americans. 



It was answered by Kr. J. P. Tumulty, oersonal secretary of the President, in 
terms of most friendly feelin.". It reads as follows: 

♦•Dear Dr. Fisher: The President requests me to acknov/ledf-e receipt of the 
telegram sent bv you yesterday, and to convey the sentiment of his deep-felt 
joy which your communication brought him. 



is: 

■ — I 
tn 



I G - 2 - BoiigiaA^: 

III B 2 

IV Denni laasatel . Dec. 12, 1S17, 

IV (Jewish) :§ 

"Your telef;ra:n breathes the sentiment of noblest patriotisn. It -2 

is new proof of your dependability in this portentous, serious time. "^ 

r- 

"I am instructed to give you the assurance that the President will do all in ^ 
his power to see just and magnanimous treatment accorded to those who may by o 
right be considered standing outside of this struggle. i,^ 

"Sincerely yours, ^ 

"J. P. Tumulty." 

The Czech National Alliance also suT)-Dlied Conpressman Sabath mth information 
to be used in behalf of Czech-American noncitizens, 

Mr. Karel Pergler, vice-president of the Czech National Alliance, intervened 
in this matter in Washington, D. C, with good prospects. 



III H 

Denni Hlasatel , Jec. 10, 1917. 

FOR AI-ERICA AND A FREE CZECHOSLOVAKIA 
For the Liberation of the Oppressed Nations Under Austria-Hungary 

Tomorrow must become a day of pararaount importance in the history of the 
Czechoslovaks in America, All Czechs and olovaks are expected to take part in 

the mass meeting which v/ill be held in the rilsen Brewery Park pavilion. They ^:i. 

will give testimony to their hopes and efforts and openly proclaim their senti- r~ 

ment as foes of Austria-Hungary, its dynasty, and the Jennan-L^gyar clique that -o 

rules there, 'xhe Czechosloveiks will declare themselves a nation which could not o 

be beaten into submission, even after three years of persecution. They v;ill swear ^^ 

that they are determined to v/in their liberty and independence at the point of S 

the sword I «^ 

We shall meet again as we did in June, 1914, when v/e received the information 
about the ultimatum prepared by ^ustria and directed against Serbia. On that 
occasion we protested against the attack on our small brother nation. Tomorrow 
we shall hail the great republic of America, aligned with the foes of Austria, 



3» 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

niH 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 10, 1917, 

They will — there can be no doubt about that — destroy Austria, remap Central 
Europe into free and independent states, and remove the dynasties of the 
Hohenzollems and the Hapsburgs. 

We could not answer either before the tribunal of history or before our own 

consciences if we failed to proclaim loudly our intention to fight Austria ^ 

until a victory is won for rights and justice over century-old oppression and ^ 

injustice. We owe this to ourselves. Let us not think that what America now p 

knows about us is sufficient, or that we have given America enough information ^ 

about our efforts. ^ 

\_ 

Influential i)olltlcal and financial circles in America have learned of our ^ 
efforts, true oiough. This is due to the activity of the Czech National Alliance.;}: 
We must, however, try to widen our acquaintances and deepen the Information about 
us by perpetual propaganda. This should be done at the earliest possible date. 

Some people are of the opinion that the President omitted to mention the Czechs 
In his proclamation. Diplomats often decline to reveal the ultimate aims of 



I G - 3 - BOEJLIIAIT 

III H 

Uenni lllasatel , Uec. 10, 1917. 

their actions, 'loo much aisciosed mfomation ni /Jit aid the enemy and obstruct 
the prosecution ol" the v;ar. The x'resident used judgiient and prudence in his 
proclaEiation in not ::ia.iZin(^ special ;;iention of our cause. However, he v;ill not 
object if we voice our sentiment and advance our claims in a mighty uenonstra- 
tlon in which v/e ta^ce a sta-^d against -austria, deiuanding its dissolution and :> 
complete indt^pendence for our old homeland, in accordance v;ith the program of "^ 
our people in UzecnoslovaK lands, rj 

-o 

ro 

The tiiae has arrived vmen we are in a position openly to taice a staitd against o 
Austria and its dynasty, and to attack the German-iiiagyar clique in the aost Lj 
relentless i.-ianner. ^^ 



The demonstration is due to our nation as v;eli as America. Only by united 
action can we attract the attention of America and put up an effective claim 
for our demands. 



~o 



Ol 



-i-2— BOHSatlAN 

III H 

Deii ni Illasatel , Dec. 10, 1917. 

(Sditorial) 

/uiy man v;ith an ounce of reason v;ould doubt that there are still some people ^ 

to be found v;ho are Czechs— for they }mov; only the Czech lancua£;e — j^et thini: ^ 
that their honeland v/aa not the kin^jdon of rohe.la, but the nonarcjiy of .lustria,,-^ 

Their souls, full of the slave spirit, have not freed thenselves of the {H 

shachles, thou';h they have been enjoyin'j- ^lerican liberty for many years. ^^ 

These Czechs are .-ivin-: proof of this even nov;, at the tine of the declaration g 
of v/ar against .i.ustria. 



Those people are nolestinc us with anonymous letters in which they claim 
that war a/i-ainst Austria is tantamount to v/ar against our ov.ti Czech people. 
Their brov;beaten minds ure not capable of taking a loftier stand. There is 
no way of helping that sort of people; they are hopeless cases. 



CO 



i^; i_G BOis..ii.^: 

Ill H 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 10, 1S17. 

DCE3 THS FR3SIDE;:]T W/iOT TO PR33HR^/3 
TITE UI\ITY OF ..U3TRIA-EI-;1'IG:JiY? 

(Frora the Press Bureau of the Czech rational .alliance 
and the j^ational dliance of Czech Catholics) 

The proclariation of war on Austria-Hungary issued recently by President 'Vilson 
has gladdened the hearts of everyone v;ho has grasped the iiiLTiense importance 
of this diplonatic step. It has ^iven us nev; hopes and has instilled p;reater 
determination into the Czechoslovak people. One part of the proclamation of £ 
the great protagonist of democracy'- was not comprehended. It is the passage ^ 
in v/hich the President declares — as he did in the proclamation of v/ar on C^J 
Germany — "that the United States has no intention of destroying:', the national 
entity of states". 

We are extremely ftlad to have established as a fact that the leading govern- 
ment circles in Washington do not interpret the v;ords of the ir^resident as a 



:3D 



tn 



I - 2 - BCIi2r.^I.\2T 

III H 

Dennf Hlasate l, Dec, 10, l'^17. 

denial of the rights to liberty of the small nations vvhich are oppressed nov; 
and demand complete independence and freedom. It v.'as not at all the Presi- 
dent's intention to say that he would leave .^.ustria-Hungary unimpaired, and 
still less that he v;ould guarantee its entity, 

I'Jhat he vxanted to declare was simply that all the nations viill have to decide 
their ovm destinies; in other words, that the nations will have to govern 
their futures by means of their ovm strength, Ke meant to say that the 
nations will have to put in their claims and stand up for them with deter- 2 
mination and make every effort possible to see them realized v;ithout wait- ^ 
ing for outside help. 



Briefly, the small nations will have to press their demands with their ovm 
force in an energetic r.iiTiner. 

This attitude is quite natural and in full accord v/ith the Czech foreign 
policy and program of agitation. 



50 



rv3 



I G - 3 - BOIIgI/:L^: 

III H . • ■ 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec, 10, 1S17. 

VJe may, with satisfaction, dv/ell quietly upon the fact that our government 
circles have acknov/ledged our demands as being just. This is proved by the 
permission given to us for the creation of a Czechoslovak Army v/hich is to 
fight on the side of the Allies, Vie have thus been given an opportunity to ^ 
fight for our cause and to demonstrate the ability of the Czechoslovak 3> 
nation to determine its ovoi fate and to act accordinr; to its ovm v/ill, '^ 

The ■ ttitude which the President assumes is best reflected in an article in 3 

the December, 1S17, issue of The Bohemian Reyiev/ , the official organ of the o 

Czech National__Alliance. It is printed in the iCnrrlish language and published co 

in Chicago. /Translator's Note: In the Denni Hlasatel the article is in the i:::^ 

Czech languagSj^ "^ 

"Czechs Hail War Against Austria" 

"It v/as bound to come. The President did his utmost to avoid v/ar with Austria, 
just as he had tried for tvro years to avoid it with Germany. . all v/as in vain. 



I G - 4 - boiismi.;h 

III H 

Demii Hlasatel . Dec. 10, 1917, 

The rulers of Germany had no regard for the conscience of the v;orld. They 

attacked .^erica, forcing: our President to take the step. -:^nd now the 

rulers of Austria, not heeding the warnin;.'; by the President to separate 

frora Gerriany, sold out body and soul to the Gern.an demon. These militarists ^ 

and agitators of Vienna and Budapest have finally convinced President -'((ilson ^ 

that they will not reform until they have had a sound thrashing. ,-^ 

♦♦Citizens of Czech descent are exuberant over the decision of the President ^ 

and its speedy ratification by Congress The President is an optimist g 

in his confidence in human nature; he still believes that the evildoer may ^ 

be directed to the right path, '.ie, hov/ever, who knov/ the stubbornness and g 

astounding subtlety of the Austrian generals and the Magyar magnates, the S 
real overlords of the Dual I.Ionarchy; v/e who v/ere brought up in Austria can- 
not share the President's opinion that Austria could be weaned from Germany, 

^ue are nov/ sure that these present rulers cannot save their thrones. The 
Austrian Government is our enemy now, and .vraerica will deal only ;vith the 



I G - 5 - Eoimrj.AN 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 10, 1917. 

representatives of the various nations that live in Austria. 

"It is siP3iificant that the President distinguishes between the "German 
nation" and the ".Austrian nations'*. This little grainmatical differentia- 
tion and the careful weighing of the essence of the President's memorable ^ 
proclamation is dear to the Czechs, v/ho at first were astounded by the > 
words, *'«Ve do not v;ish to rearrange or to destroy the Austrian-Hungarian "^s. 
monarchy in any way. ' r~ 

-o 

"The President says nothing about wishing to preserve that unnatural dynas- o 

tic state. He only declines to imply that /jnerica is fighting to disrupt 
that state, or for any other reason save for the liberty of nations, great 
or small, and to insure their right to self-determination. The President 
undoubtedly knov/s that if no coercion vj-ere used by the Austrian Ciovernment, 
the various nations ruled by it would choose an entirely different mode of 
existence. The Czechs, if given the choice, will live under the republi- 
can system." 



o-> 
C3 



I G - 6 - BOES.a.4^1 

III H 

Denni Illasatel , Dec. 10, li>17. 

This is the attitude taken by the official orf^an of the Czech National 
Alliance. Time v;ill prove that its judgment is right, for it is certain 
that the United States .vill not hesitate to recognize the demands of the 
Czech nation. America cannot but approve of the Czechoslovak political 
program v/hich demands, and vail demand, an independent Czechoslovak state, 

r— 

America v;ill extend its helpinr hand to us in the pursuit of this aim. ^ 

The Czech National /alliance and the Slovak League ".vill, from the very start, -o 

make every effort to keep the United States mindful of ite pledge. Of o 

course, every individusil will be bound to work tov;ard the realization of [^^ 

the great task before us and Ameiica. S 

en 






I G BOHELIIAN 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Dec, 8, 1917. 

LET US SHOV/ OUH LOYALTY 

The Senate of the United States ha^. voted for Ameiica's entrance into war 
against Austria, The House of Representatives will, no doubt, also vote, 

either unanimously or vath an overv;helraing majority, for war. This will ^ 

prove that the peoples of this country are united in the v;ar agc^inst the 5 

Governiaent of Austria-Hungary, There is among them not one national group -^^^ 

which would welcome this declaration of war against ^^ustria with more joy r" 

than the American Czechoslovaks, -o 

Every one of us is acquainted with the fact that the Government in l^ 

i^ashington is well aware of, and informed on, our loyalty to this Republic, S 
For triis latter reason the glad nev/s is reported from '.Vashington that irarai- ^ 
grants of our nationality will, in spite of the declaration of war against 
iiustria (whose subjects they had been), be treated v.ith some indulgence. 

It is, of course, incumbent upon us to show our full accord with the 



I a - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 8, 1917. 

declaration against Austria, and we ought to do this right from the begin- 
ning. We should, at the same time, demand that, as a result of a victorious 
war, all the nationalities now under the Austro-Hungarian thumb be liberated 
and freed from the yoke of the German-Magyar governments. 



The first indication of our victory was the proclamation of the Allied na- 
tions that liberty will be secured for the Czechoslovak people and for other 
nations now under Austria-Hungary, 



5 



From the very start we have taken an irreconcilable attitude toward Austria 'Ti 

and its dynasty. For the sake of democracy, which we have been defending for r~ 

centuries; for the sake of our ovai people and its martyrs, we are duty-bound ^ 

to call upon the world to pass judgment on the actions of two would-be- o 

dominant peoples who will not give our nations liberty unless we can win it i^ 

for ourselves, S 



en 



I G - 3 - BOHE!.a.\N 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 8, 1917. 

America is entering the war v.ith Italy, which has the same aims as v;e, 
i.e., the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, V/e must acknowl- 
edge our obligation to give Italy our m:iral support for the time being, ^ 
until we shall be able to place units of the Czechoslovak Array, nov. in 5 
France, at the disposal of the Italians on their front. .-^ 



TJ 



V/e have to declare publicly that v.e consider iVmerica*s entrance into the 

war as the initial action in the dismemberment of the Dual Monarchy. g 

This is the reason why the Czech National Alliance, the National Alliance ^ 
of Czech Catholicij, and the ^Slovak League are sending out a call for a Jjj 
mass meeting which is to be held Tuesday, December 11, in the Pilsen Park 
Brewery, Representatives of the Jugoslavs, Italians, Rumanians, Poles, 
and other nations will deliver addresses. Invitations have been issued 
to representatives of the Allied nations and to prominent American friends 
of our cause. 



I G - 4 - BOHSRI^ 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 8, 1917. 

Our voice must be heard in the chief American cities and on the other side 
of the ocean. It is the duty of the Czechs and Slovaks to be present at 
the meeting to the last man and womanl 

There will be a parade from the hall of Sokol Havlicek Tyrs; and our volun- 
teers will participate. 



5 






rv- 



I G B0H3t,IIAN 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 7, 1917, 

^ITIZSNSHIP PAPERS7 
(Editorial) 

The declaration of war has caused great discomfort to a large number of < 

former Austrian subjects who, for one reason or an other, have omitted to ^ 

take steps to become citizens. We have repeatedly emphasized the importance .-^ 

of the naturalization papers. The entire Czech-American press has always p 

been pointing out to its readers that it is the sacred duty of every Czech ^ 

here in this country to become an American citizen. When the war broke out, § 
we redoubled our efforts to induce our fellow countrymen to renounce Austria, 
and there should not be a single person who has failed to take out the papers 
if he is entitled to them* 

In general, our appeal did not remain unheeded. Those who refused to lend 
an ear to it will probably, in due time, have to take the consequences of 
their negligence or lack of foresight. 



CD 



I G - 2 - B0H5I/IIAN 

III H 

Dennl H lasatel , Dec, 7, 1917. 

Sveiy noncitizen bom in Austria will be classified as an enemy alien and 

will becorie subject to the same regulations that govern the sojourn of German- -o 

bom noncitizens* He will have to register. He will be barred frora certain .-^ 

places where he might obstruct the war activities of the United States, or p 

otherwise damage the cause. "^ 

Although it is likely that certain war measures enforced against alien enemies ^- 
may be applied against Slav noncitizens in a somewhat moderated form, a o 
determined intervention and a direct appeal to the President to remedy the oi 
predicament of those concerned will probably be necessary. The American press 
has given some hints in this respect, and Senator J, H, Lewis is doing his 
best in this direction. 



III H 

Denni Elasatel, Dec. 6, 1917, 



(Editorial) 



S 



ProGident ..ilson said: "V.'e do not v/ant to reduce or chan;''e the Austrian g 

monarchy in the least," xhese words will no doubt be greeted v/ith extreme ^ 

satisfaction in Vienna ao well as in Budaioest, The Question rei.iains as to ^ 

hov/ these v;ords arc compatible with the principle for which the '..'orld "./ar ^ 
is being prosecuted by us. 

The aim of the '.Var is the liberation of all the nations, v;hich, of course, 
includes the srialler ones as well, V/e tremble with terror when we think: of the 
President's words **.,,. it does not concern us hov; the .^ustrians arrange their 
own living." 

Vlho is meant by Austrians? x'hey are Germans and Llagyars v/ho have been ruling 
in Austria for more than half a century, ,.hose lives will they try to regulate? 



I G -2- bqiel:I'-j-t 

III H 

Denni Illasat ol. Dec. 6, 1S17, 

Not only their ovm, but those of the subju.-ated nations as v;ell — the Czechs, 
Poles, Ju;-oslavs, Italians, Rumanians, and others, .^e believe that the 
President's v/ords have a neanin-j diuTerent Troiri this, '^ 

i'he v;oras must have a diiTerent meaning — we firi,ily believel xresident uilson ■— 
is too progressive a man, indeed, to per/ait a thing such as this. ■b- 

(•TO 

'?r 

C: 

It.. 
< « 

•--J 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III D 

ni H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 6, 1917, 

17 

MESSAGE TO PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON 

(From the Czech National Alliance, Chicago.) 

The ringing voice of our President is soaring above the thunder of guns, above 
the storm of war. Your voice has declared war on the Grerman-Magyar caste which 
roles in Central Europe, oppressing our nation and others, 'fhls caste, in 
Austria-Hungary, has found that it can rule over the small nations only with ^ 
the aid of the Gorman armies. Austria-Hungary has renounced its own inde- J 
pendence and is given over to Germany in the interest of the Hohenzollern -r. 
dynasty. Just as Abraham Lincoln's voice called for a government of the r 
I>eople, your voice is Imparting strength to millions of subjugated men and X, 
women who are, however, determined to protect their ancient, inalienable 
rights. Iliese millions feel encouraged by the progress of democracy, headed 
by the President of this great and glorious Republic. 



J 



ro 



As Americans of Czech descent, we doubly feel the power in your decision, 
and we are convinced that the entrance of the United States into the war 



I G - 2 - BOHBMIAN 

III D 

HI H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 6, 1917. 

I? 

against Austria-Hungary marks a propitious turning point in this 
tragedy of mankind. It is impossible for a democracy like America to lose 
a war against autocracy. Democracy is going to be victorious under your 
leadership, for truth, rights and justice are bound to win. -c 

We rejoice oyer America's entrance into the war, for we know that it means p 

an immense strengthening of the cause of our sympathizers and allies in the '^ 

heart of Surope — it means help to the Czechoslovak people in their unequal g 

struggle against the tyrants. >- 

CO 

r^ 

We welcome America's entrance into the war, because from this moment on, the ^ 
cause of the liberation of small nations is won, whatever turn action on the 
battlefield may take. 

We are convinced that you, Mr. President, will accept our just request and 
give it your kind consideration, for you have been fair to those viho were 
loyal to you, to the American Government, and to the sublime ideals of 



I Q - 3 - BOHKMTAN 

III D 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 6, 1917, 

IV 

democracy which guide your actions. We entreat you in the name of 
all citizens of Czechoslovak descent to support our request by the weight 
and influence of your high office. We request that Czechoslovaks who have 
not been able to obtain j'^merican citizenship papers, though they had the «- 
best of intentions of doing so, be given the same consideration that is r^ 
accorded to them in England, France, Canada, and Russia. It was upon special^ 
request by the Czech National Alliance that these countries made an except ionP 
of Czechoslovak noncitizens. ^ 

o- 
There are thousands of members of the Czech National Alliance in the United -. , 

States Army now who could not become citizens, no matter how willing they c> 
are because they are not entitled to the papers yet. These very same men •■'-■' 
were among the most eager to follow your call, in which you reminded us to 
do our duty which we owe to this Republic and to democracy. All Czechoslovak 
citizens of this country join in submitting this request to you — that Czecho- 
slovak noncitizens be classified not as **alien enemies,** but as "friendly 
foreigners'*. We vouch for their loyalty and promise in their name that they 



t 

I G - 4 - BQHBMIAN 

• III D 
- Ill H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 6, 1917. 

IV 

will double their efforts to prove that they are fulfilling their 

patriotic duties just as conscientiously as any American citizen. 

The Czech and Slovak immigrants have never enjoyed the protection of a ~^ 
consulate, emd, in fact, relinquished such protection immediately at the out- - 
break of the war. They stand alone and beg the Grovernment of the United States p 
and its great President to grant them shelter and security. in this country. t: 

r;. 

The Czech National Alliance promises that all its members will prove to be -. . 

worthy of magnanimous consideration by the President of the United States. ^- 

In their defensive struggle against Austria-Hungary, they are guided by the cT 
beacon symbolizing love, work, and honesty. 

Signed: Dr. Ludwig J. Fisher, 

President of the Czech National Alliance, Chicago. 



I G BCI-C!IIi''JT 

III D 

III H Donni Hlanatel , Dec. 3, 1917. 

IV 

A POVaRFUL HELIONSTILITION 
Parade and I.ieetlnc Attract Thousands 

If there were any rrho had the slirhtest doubts about the friendly feelings 
of the Ch'C'i^-o Czechs for the .allied nations, or about Czech loyalty to the 
United States, their mis^ivin.'^s or suspicions v/ere allayed and converted ^ 
into confidence by the parade v/hich led through the streets of the "Czech 
California" district and the subsequent meetinc held in the auditorium of 
the Sokol Ilnvlicek-Tyrs, South Lavmdale Avenue and ..'est 26th Street, yester- 
day. The spirit of genuine patriotism was so stronnly manifested that it 
made the heart of ev9r:^one v;ho ivitnessed the events throb \7ith emotion. 



The Auxiliary, composed of citi7,ens of the Thirty- fourth and Twelfth V.'ards, 
v/as the sponsor of these tr/o patriotic demonstrations, the purpose of v.'hich 
vxas primarily to show to our Chicaj'go Czech boys who enlisted last ..'ednesday 
for service in Uncle Jam's Array that they vri.ll be remembered, encouraged, 
and aided './henevir help is needed. The Auxiliary succeeded in this, for 



-o 



f r 



1 G - 2 - BOHSMIiiN 
III D 

III H Denni lUasatel . Dec. 3, 1917. 

IV 

many soldiers v;ere given furloughs and thus could participate in the 
festivities. They had taken part in the ,^reat parade held in the city last 
Saturday. L!enbers of the Auxiliary, including iilderman John Tonan, iinton Vanek, 
Anton J. Cermak, chief bailiff of the municipal court, and Judge Otto Kerner, ^ 
had appealed to the military authorities to grant the soldiers a furlough for ^ 
Sunday so that they could.be present at yesterday's (Sunday's) manifestation. -^ 
The request was granted and, in addition, a military band v/as placed at the f-- 
disposal of the Chicago Czechs, Officers of the United States rj^my joined the 
marching columns headed by Colonel Chas. d, Rowland. 

< 

The marchers started from the home of Sokol Chicago. The parade began at : 

2 P. M, led by a squad of mounted police and a ^proup of policerrien from the 
Lavmdale Avenue station under the personal command of Captain Ftacek, 

Mr, Otto Pelikan was marshal. He v/as follov;ed by Boy Scouts with their com- 
mander, J. A. Sokol. Then came the band of an artillery regiment called The 
Czech, because it consists mostly of soldiers of Czech descent. The Pomocne 



I G - 3 - BOI-EHIAN 

III D 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Dec, 3, 1917, 

IV 

Obcanske Vybory (Citizens' auxiliary Committees) of the Twelfth and 
Thirty-fourth '..ards were next, headed by their chaimen, ^mton J, CeriTiak 
and V, Jelinek. The recruiting com-iiission for the 27th and 83rd divisions 
was led by I.lessrs. Bauinruck, .oiton Vaiiek, .i. Rezlin and Dr. 2abokrtsky, 
They v/ere joined by such leaders in our civic life as alderman John Tonan, 
Judge Otto Kerner, Llr, Kovak, and Judge Joseph* Uhlif of the municipal court. 



-a 



The hub of the parade v/as formed by the solaiers v;ith Colonel Charles d. How- rj 

land an^ other officers of the Lnited States .irmy. They and the other sol- -a 

diers had come from the military trainin^^ camp at Hockford, Illinois; they o 

all had taken cart in the parade held in the dovmtovni district yesterday, io 

to 
•^ 

The marchin.'r columns did not have to v/orry about hov/ to attract the attention *^ 
of the people. The men were v/ildly acclaimed by the thron^^s v/ho lined the 
sidev;alks or watched from their houses. This assured our soldiers that they 
will not be forgotten v;hen they face the enemy to fin:ht for world democracy. 
They are leaving, but they take with them the heartfelt wishes of millions of . 



I G - 4 - BOHDiaiUT 

III D 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 3, 1917. 

IV 

Americans for victory and a happy return. There were about two hundred 
to two hundred and fifty soldiers who were hailed by the f'lrongs. lien waved 
their hats, and women waved their handkerchiefs or lifted up their children 
so that they nif^ht wave. Our brave men inarched on with a firm military step 
befittinc: a soldier. They appeared undisturbed by the loud demonstrations of 
friendship and good will, yet their hearts must have been filled with strong 
emotions and their memories overflowing with thoughts they would never for- 
get. 



-o 

3> 









The scenes of enthusiastic welcome were repeated in every stage of the parade, 
whether on Kedzie Avenue, 22nd Street, V/hipple Street, 25th or 26th Streets, 
Central Park Avenue, 28th Street, Gravfford Avenue, or 26th Street again. The '•' 
march as far as 42nd Street v/as omitted, because the furloughs of some of the 
soldiers were limited. 

The parode came to a halt at the home of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs. There a large 
crowd had assembled even before the parade began, and the auditorixim was filled 



I G - 5 - EOlCril/^T 

III D 

III H Denrii Illasatol . Dec. 5, 1917. 

IV 

to the last place. /\s a safety neasure the police locked the doors, 
in accordance with the city ordinance. Thousands tried to enter but had to 
content themselves vvith standing, outside. Jlowever, due regard v/as shov.-n to 

one part of the participants in the parade, for reservations had been made ^ 

for thern. .-^.t 3 P.I'., our soldiers entered the hull ;.hile the strains of the ^ 

"3tar-opangled Banner" filled the air. They were, however, compelled to ^^^ 

leave immediately afterward, to the utmost regret of everybody, for duty ^z 

bade them leave Ghicaf-o for GamiD Hockford, and the military band left v;ith '^ 

them. The v/elcome extended to our soldiers had thus in reality become a f' 

farev/ell. ^' 

The business proper of the program v;as then be^iin. .jr. 7, Jelinek, chair- ,:} 
man of the -auxiliary comiiiittee of the Thirty-fourth VJard, presided, and 
introduced the first s;.eaker. Colonel Rowland of the United States -j:'my, 
who expressed his desire to be regarded as a soldier rather than a speaKer. 
A stormy v/elcome was given this sincere friend of the Czechs. In terse 
sentences, characteristic of the stern commanding officer, he declared that 



- 5 - BOIISI.II.^A' 



3» 



III D 

III H • Denni I'.lasatel . Dec. '6, 1917. 

IV 

he was f^lad .jf the fact that the majority of the men in the military 
unit comriianded by him v;ere Czech* His men, he declared, are soldiers, body 
and soul, whose hearts beat for .unerica, the .Mies, the Czechs, and the 
Poles. They will help to liberate the small nations and will accomplish 
this by their loyalty to this country, v;hich has become their new homeland 
either by their own selection or by that of their parents. Colonel Howland '^ 
openly declared himself to be a representative of the .jnerican iJ"my who <^ 
sincerely stands for the liberation of the small nations, particularly of z^ 
the Czechs and Poles, whom he knov;s as people of the right sentiment, un- i.) 
daunted and deserving of liberty. The tine may be near, he said, when he *.. 
and his men will face the enemy upon the battlefields of France. TIo one of 
his soldiers dreads that moment tut, on the contrary, every one is eagerly 
anticipating it, if for no other reason than to return victorious very soon. 

These few words had a magic effect upon tlie audience. "Elvervbody, particu- 
larly mothers and v/ives, was convinced that the Colonel was a stern leader 
of his soldiers, true enourh, but a good friend nonetheless. He v;as acclaimed 



! 



I r> - 7 - E0i-3:.:i;>Li 

III D. 

Ill H Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 3, 1917. 

17 

with great ardor when he and the rest of the ar^iy officers were leaving 
the hall early, in order to be in Camp Rockford on tiiae. 

There were three young army officers of Czech descent who vere r^iven a place 
of honor among the guests and Chicago Czech leaders. They v/ere First Lieu- 
tenant Cteorge Engelthaler, Second Lieutenant 3d. Ptacek, son of Police 
Captain ^tacek of the La-..ndale Avenue station, and second Lieutenant :i. Lang. 
All the officers v/ere the guests of the Ceska Beseda (Czech Circle) j'-ester- 
day noon. 






Lieutenant Perigord of the French .imiy was introduced. He related some of ^> 
his experiences on the battlefields, lie described the sufferings th^-.t France ^"^ 
had to endure, and he declared that his country is ready to hand over to 
iimerica the banner of liberty — to .vi.ierica, the stronger, mightier country, 
which will carry the emblem of freedom for the Czechs, Poles, and other Slav 
nations that are under the heel of .lustria today. Ke called attention to 
German propaganda vvhich is attempting to impede the war activities of the 



I - 8 - BOic:i.:i;ji 

III D 

III H Denni_Hlasatel , Dec. 5, 1917. 

IV 

rallies. The amies that .imerica is building up nov/ will Piuarantee not 
only ultimate victory, but lasting peace as v/ell. He consoled the mothers 
and wives of those soldiers v;ho .vill return no more, and assured them that 
the heroes' graves ^.ill be under the tender care of i'rench wives and mothers. :S 
The French guest spoke -.vith great ardor, ana when leavim; ivas honored v;ith 5 
wild applause. '^^ 

r— 

The next speaker, Clarence Darrow, attorney at lav;, v/as welcomed so loudly -p^ 
that it was obvious he was v;ell knovm to the multitude. He declared that \ 
it was unnecessary to expound to a Czech audience the significance of this '•. 
war, and he expressed the desire to see all of .unerica take the same atti- 
tude. He was pro-iilly long before the United States declared v/ar. He was • 
v;ell informed of Czech regiments in the Austrian .OTTiy and their going over 
to the side of the billies. He also knev/ of many cases in vdiich Czech 
courage was given full credit for its contributions to victory. The Czechs, 
he said, can be found on every front in ;j.lied military units. '.Vhile poli- 
ticians in our United States v;ere still counting German votes, the Czechs 



I G - 9 - BOIIZI.il.m 

III D 

III H Dennf Hlasatel . Dec. 3, 1917. 

IV 

were sending their sons into the Canadian Arr.y to fight for the liberation 

of their subjugated people. The Czechs all battle shoulder to shoulder — ^ 

Catholic, Freethinker, and Protestant; they struggle for a better future, for ^ 

the liberation of the body and soul of mankind. ^ 

r— 

Wx, Jaroslav Smetanka spoke only a fev; words because of the lateness of the 5i 
hour. The manifestation was an event v/hich will be remembered by Chicago 
Czechs for a long time. 









III H 

ly Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 1, 1917. 

Representatives of the Valiant French Nation 
Uelcoiiied by Czechoslovaks 

(Suioraary) 






The pavilion of the Pilaen Brewery Park was filled to capacity by an '^ 

enthusiastic multitude last night. Czechs and Slovaks were hosts to r" 

representatives of the heroic French nation, froin whom they heard how the ^ 

fondest hopes and most cherished aspirations of the oppressed are winning o 

sympathy in places of the highest authority and influence. They came to ^ 
learn that the plan for the creation of an independent Czechoslovak state is S 

being given serious consideration. *^ 

ItiTm Karcel Khecht, representative of the French National Council, and Abbe 
Souris, field chaplain in the French Army, v;ere the guests. They are both 
sincere friends of the Czechoslovaks, and particularly closely acquainted 
with Czech Sokols. The ardor v/ith which they v/ere acclaimed proved that 



I G - 2 - bqh:5.:lvN 

III H 

^ Denni Hlasatel. Dec. 1, 1917. 

yesterday's mass meeting was but another linlc in the long chain of Czecho- 
French relations. 

It was 8:45 P.M. when the French patriots entered the densely crov/ded pavilion. 
They were accompanied by leaders of the Czech National Alliance and the 
National Alliance of Czech Catholics, They v;ere greeted by the strains of the 
"llarseillaise," played by Rubringer's Band. The multitude pressed tov/ard the 
platform where the guests stood amid thunderous applause. 



-o 
o 



ro 



After the acclaim had subsided, Dr. Ludwig J. Fisher, president of the Czech 
National Alliance, presented I.Iessrs. Khecht and Souris as our rare and highly o 
esteemed guests and precious friends of the Czechoslovaks. He emphasized the 
fact that our people owe tham a great debt for having so efficiently brought 
our hopes and aspirations, v;ith respect to the liberation of our old homeland, 
to the attention and consideration of the world forum. 

Dr. Fisher dv/elt upon an historic reminiscence: He spoke of the time of the 
general rally which was held at Prague by all Slavonic gymnastic organizations 



I - 3 - BPH3KM 

III H 

^ Deiu'^i Hla sa tel, Dec. 1, 1^17. 

from Slavonic and foreign lands. There was a spontaneous denonstration in 
the square in front of the city hall of Prague. It v;as at the sane place 
v;here, three hundred vears aro, tlie C7.ech neo^^le received a cruel blov: — and 
there our old Qlory flaned utj again, Ar.onz the irifmy foreicn guests it was ^ 
the French group that v/as conspicuous by its numbers, Tliere v;as no './orld ^ 
War that time, and nobody knev/ yet that a people of six nillions would rise p 
fron the German flood like a solitar:/ island and fight for v;hat little -^ 
liberty it desires to obtain, V/e v;ere not Imown; our enenies placed all S 
sorts of obstacles before us. 7/liile v/e beat our slaills against a ■^rc.ll, the !— 
rest of the world knev; nothing about us. 

The speaker continued, 3)0inting to jtance as the first count rjr to einbrace our 
country with syripathy — our forsaken country, v;hich its ovm poets counselled 
"not to trust in anyone because v;e have not one friend in this wide v/orld". 
It was France, that great, nev;, strong republic, proudly conscious of its 
might, which stemmed the' tide of the Germanic hordes on the banks of the 
Lame, at a tine v/hen the latter were snealcing in like snakes to sink their 
venomous fangs into that country/' s very heart. This sane France was the 



GO 

cn 



I G - 4 - bch3I-:l-jt 

III H 

17 Denni I llasatel, Dec. 1, 1917. 

first to emphasize our demands. Therefore, vjg in America also hasten to 

bring our sacrifice imder the leadership of the Stars and Stripes, v/hile our 

men are fighting upon the soil of I'rance to bring to a realization the 

prophetic slogan of our great national bard, Svatopluk Cech: "Na Lebky Katu...." "^ 

(Smite the skulls of the henchmen ) These last v;ords, is well as the ^ 

entire brief address by Dr. Fisher, inspired the crowd v/ith enthusiasm. '^ 

Mr. Khecht, introduced by Dr. Fisher, took the platform. Although he has a Ig 
pronounced French accent, he used good grammar, so that he v/as easily under- 2 
stood. He was interrupted by lursts of applause. He expressed regret at ^ 
not being able to speak to us in our ovm melodic language, and he offered 
this explanation in a very sympathetic manner. Tlie Czechs, he said, have been 
studying the French language eagerly and learning it so quickly that the French, 
seeing that things v;ere made so easy for them, simply settled do'.vn comfortably 
and did not cultivate the Czech language. The speoicer hinted here at the 
great popularity among Czechs of tlje French language, v;hich a strong per- 
centage of our people speak almost as well as the Gei^aan language, the latter 
having been forced down our throats in the public schools. 



en 



I G- - 5 - BOIia!i;^T 

Ilf H 

17 Denni laasatel . Dec. 1, 1917. 

The purpose of i:r. Ktiecht's coning to us was indicated in the speaker* s 

first vrords: To convey to us the greetings of the entire French Republic. 

Tnis declaration evoked stormy acclaim. Ivlr. I<necht assured us that the 

French are very well infon.ied about us. They know our history, he said, ^ 

and our struggle with the savage enemj'- of ail mankind — the beastly Germans, t» 

who v/onder why, after centuries of efforts, they could not crush us, '^ 

Our French guest related his experiences gained during his travels in the ^ 
northwestern states of the Union. He fotmd all the Czechs doing their duty 2 
by attending patriotic meetings, etc. The French visitors were received L. 
with manifestations of good v/ill and rising enthusiasm. The speaker carried !^ 
away the impression that the Merican people are v;holeheartedly for the 
cause and detennined to stand by the Stars and Stripes. Hlven some states that 
v/ere doubtful a few months ago, since they are densely populated by the German 
element, have, b;r degrees, changed their minds and finally proclaimed them- 
selves to be on the side of the democracies. 

The speaker brought German propaganda into the limelight. One of the 



en 



3> 



I G - 6 - Boin!.:i.;iT 

III K 

IV Denni K lasatel, Doc, 1, 1917. 

favorits argunents of the rabid pro-Gemans is that J'rance is v/eakening 
rapidly, and that she is bled v;hite by nov; as a result of losses in this 
war, I.Ir, Khecht refuted this contention in a very apt nannor. i'rance corld 
nuster onl^r one and a half million nen at the beginning of the War, Yet 
now, v/hile there are innumerable v/idows all over the country, his governinent 
has at least two and a half million men under arms — all of them determined to p 
see the enemy conquered, .^t the beciinning of the v/ar, i'rance v/as able to ^ 
manufacture ammunition" for only 1,500 cannon shots per day, ^^t present, he :^ 
said, his country can produce 2,500,000 missiles. This is due to the fact 
that -nevj plants have been erected in locations v;here none existed before, 
vrfiile at the beginning of the './ar most of the French plants v/ere located 
inside the present Genaan lines,.... 



Mr, Khecht reminded the audience in enthusiastic terms of the visit paid to 
Usance by the Czech Solcol societies, and of the brotherly associations 
perpetuated betv/een the tv;o nations for many years. He assured us that 
common sufferings vail strengthen the ties existing betv;een the Czechs and 



CO 

o 
ro 

en 



1^ - 7 - bsj5i;t^ 

III H 

17 Denni laasatel, Dec. 1, 1917, 

the itench. He paid homage to Professor T. G. Ilasaryk and Dr. I.iilan 

R. Stefanik, Czech leaders; he also spoke highly of General Pershins, 

cormander-in-chief of the American expeditionary forces. The latter, he ^ 

mentioned, truces his ancestry from the 3-ir:ie country as the speaicer hin- ^ 

self — ^sace-Lorraine. 'rn 

' — 

The "I.arseillaise" was played at the close of I.r. Iiiecht*s address. The ^ 
Reverend Jedlicka, v;ell-kno\vn priest and patriot, counted the speakers* o 
platform. lie evoked great enthusiasm vfith the very first v;ords of his speech ^ 
by stating that none of the i^ench delegates v;ho have paid us a visit so far S 
Was able to come as near to our hearts as Llr. ICnecht, and that none has c?! 
succeeded in presenting as clear a picture of the historj- of this War which, 
indeed, is identical v/ith the history of Jinnee itself. The speaker advised 
Czechs and Slovalrs to take the Stench peoy^le as an example. He admonished 
his countrjnaen to forget dissention in opinion and to unite as the French 
people did, in order that v;e nay see Czechoslovakia rise again in new glorj"-. 
Thorough concord is absolutely necessary, Tlie only way to arrive at this end 



I g - 8 - 

III H 

IV" Denni Illusatel, Dec. 1, 1917. 



BOHSLILVM 



is to sag slanderinc i^ouths that try to irapede our noble efforts, Vflioever 
disagrees nay well be ti-lcen for an agent of the Kiiser, The audience 
responded most heartily to the speaker* s fiery appeal. 






.-^bbe Souris, in the unifom of a field chaplain of the French Army and p: 

decorated with severel medals for bravery under fire, v;as the last speaker. U 

Ke used the French language, v/hich is foTiiiliar to several of the Czechs v;ho ig 

were present. These nen gave the cue for the applause v/hich frequently 2 

rewarded the s-peaker, ]'r. J. Fsenka later interpreted the French quest's oo 

address. He also greeted the Frenclirien in their native language, thanking ^ 

them for their visit, and assuring then of the hirji esteen and heartfelt *" 
sympathy of the Czechoslovaks for the French nation and its representatives. 

Our French f^ests received a sincere welcoi.ie fron our connunity, and they 
made no attenpt to conceal their ovm enotion over the turbulent acclaim 
which followed them everywhere, 

Numerous members of our ovm "Little Bees" spread their benevolent propaganda 



\ ?. - 9 - 3GH311LA1T 

III H 

IV Dennl H lasatel. Dec. 1, 1917. 

in the pavilion. These ladies solicited monetary contributions, frori v.-hich 
they buy sev;inr: material to produce s\'7eaters, socks, and other necessaiy 
articles for the Czechoslovak soldiers nov/ fighting in France, 



3> 



CD 

CO 

o 

CJ1 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III A 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 30, 1917. 

^SmON OF CZECHS IN AMEF;ICa7 
(Editorial) 

It was announced a few days ago that no more naturalization papers will be 

given to Austrian subjects* :S 

5 

We suppose that there is a considerable number of Czechs in this country who "— 

have not been able to obtain their second papers because they are not yet £7 

entitled to them. This has not been used against them so far, although some 2g 

have failed to obtain their papers because of sheer negligence. 2 

CO 

However, things may change materially if war should be declared against Cj 
Austria, for in that case Czechs might be classified as alien enemies, because ^ 
Czechoslovak land is still under Austro-Kungarian rule. They would have the 
same status as German immigrants without citizenship papers. 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III A 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 30, 1917. 

Hence the question arises as to idiat attitude Congress will assxime toward 

Slav nations who are friends of the Allies and this country. Senator 

J, H. Lewis recently declared anent this issue that due regard must be 

accorded the Czechs, since there cannot be any possible doubt about their 

friendly attitude toward America. Their prcnovmced loyalty may not, 

however, guarantee against the chance of their being counted among the "p: 

enemies. Z^ 

?o 
It will be only just to make an exception with Czechs, Slovaks, and other £ 

friendly Slav nations. For the time being, war has not been declared against co 

Austria, since President Wilson sees no reason for such action at the pres- C^ 

ent time, *^ 



3> 



III B 3 b 

II .4. 2 Deimi IHasatel . Nov. ^0, 1917. 

CZ.i:GII CaCGIiiS .ilD OUR V0LU13T-^HS 

(Suroniary) 

"In these days uhen civilization and. hruaanitarianisn are engaged in a decisive 
combat v;ith Teutonic barbarisii and violence as it was practised in the Liddle 
.■'i£;es, the help of every one of us is nejded. Hundreds of thousands of sons 
and fathers are compelled to leave their families to aid in the defense of our 
country, v;hich is menaced by a cruel eneriiy,". . , . 






O 



'-0 



The I,-ezinarodni Spolel: Groceristu (International G-rocers* -IsGociation) has taken c^ 
the initiative by appropriating tv.'o hundred dollars for JhristMas gifts to be 
distributed ationg the soldiers. There are nany Czechs in this ori^unization,. 
and they are urging the Czech public to bring contributions to the following 
Czech stores 



III 3 2 

III li Donni IHasutel . ITov. 29, 1917. 

csECHs AID 3lo7;j:s to \!nLco:'j: our jj^zitch guzst 

Sokol unif orris and picturesque Gaech, Slovik, and Moravian costiur.es will lend a 
colorful aspect to the nass meeting at which I'r. I.Iarcel ]:jiocht, representative 

of the French Government, v;ill be '.velconcd by Ghicaco Czechs and Slovaks in the '^ 

pavilion of the Pilson Brewei^'- Pari: Friday evening. This v;ill be another event ^ 

of great importance. It v;ill be riven -.vorld-vade pu" licity. Hot only the ^ 
Czech, olovak, and /jaerican press v;ill i^ive it abundant space, but ;J.lied papers, £. 

particularly the Prench, viill devote extensive editorial comments to it, o^ 



I 



-C7 



i.Ir. ICnecht has come to our countr:' to nake close contact betv;ecn France and 
-ii^ierica for the purpose of furt'iorin- co-operation in the pursuit of our ain, 
i. e, , ultimate victory in the '.j'orld Tar. Our guest is a sincere friend of 
the Czech nation and a close acquaintance of Dr. Lilian 2. Stefanik, vico- 



— I 



I G - 2 - BOIII.Z.->n 

III B 2 

III n Denni laasatel . Nov. 29, 1917. 

president of the Csechocloval: national Council (of v;hich Professor T. G. 
Lasarylc is the president)..... Ijr, Ijiecht*s visit here is of irai.iense inportance 
for the c:.use of liberation of the Czech people. 

The idea for this rally cane froi.i the Czech national ^dlianCG, v;hich o::tended 
the invitation to Llr. linecht. lie ■.vill appear as a speaker in several Czech 
and SlovaiL cor^j!iunities of .iinerica 



-o 



7? 



lir. ICnecht will speak in Zji^lish. o 



07 



"However, the events following proved that our rejoicing was premature. 
News arrived from Vienna to the effect that the Polish block rescinded its 
decision and is determined to vote for the war budget. This is in return 
for some concessions made by the Austrian Government in regard to the 
Polish population of the Austrian province Galizia. This latter decision 






I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel . Nov, 29, 1917, 

WS CANNOT UNDERSTAND THAT SLAV NATION 

(Summary of Editorial) 

"Reports reached us a few months ago that the Polish block of the Austrian =u 

Parliament refused to vote for the wear budget of the Monarchy. In the .-. 

first shock of pleasant surprise we wrote in this column, commenting joy- ^ 

fully on the action of the Poles, for it meant undisguised opposition to "^ 

the Austrian Government. It showed us that the Poles have finally assumed ^ 

a definite attitude in the present struggle of nations, ^- 



■o 
■Nj 



I G - 2 - BOHEaaAN 

III H 

Dennl HLasatel . Nov, 29, 1917, 

saved the ftice of the Austrian Government, A refusal by the Poles would 
have shown the world that the majority of the population under the Monarchy 
is actually opposed to the government. It was Representative Daszynski, 
Socialist, who betrayed the Poles into the agreement with the Austrian ^ 
Government, > 



''How the Germans reward the Poles in the meantime for their acquiescence 
is glaringly illustrated by the following article fran Frederick Wolcott, 
American newspapeiman. It depicts the sufferings of the Poles in unmis- 2 
takable terms . • . . • 






"Lo and behold the Germans— that same nation to whom the Poles are offer- 
ing aid and canfortl It is the same nation for whom the Polish premier, 
Kucharzewski , is about to organize a Polish army against the Allies, and. 



CO 
CD 



- 3 - * BOHMIAU 

Dennl Hlasatel. Nov. 29, 1917. 

no less, against the United States, which is wasting so much useless sjrm- 
Ijathy on the Poles. Such is the behavior of the Polish premier, who, 
being a professor of history, ought to be among the first to expose the ^ 

real enemy of the Polish nation. 'To understand is to excuse,* says a 3> 

French proverb. We, however, shall never forgive the Poles, for the '^ 

simple reason that we cannot grasp the sense in their actions." -O 

-u 
O 
Co 

CD 



I a BQHMTAH 

17 

Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 28, 1917. 

TV;0 Pia?RIOTIC IJDEETINGS 

(Suraraary) 

The auditorium of Sokol Chicago, South PGedzie Avenue and 24th Street, and the 

large hall of Sokol Havlicek-Tsrrs, South Lav/ndale Avenue near 26th Street, will 

serve to accommodate the throngs which are expected at two meetings next 

Sunday. At each of them Paul Perigold, lieutenant in the French Army, will 

be introduced and v/e loomed as the hero of many battles. He is a former Catholic ^ I: 

priest, who exchanged the cassock for the uniform of a private in the French o ' 

Army and was promoted for feats of extraordinary bravery..... 



-n 



rs5 



Members of two preliminary committees met in the offices of Anton J. Cermak, 
chief bailiff of the municipal court, who is in charge of the arrangements for 
the meeting in the Twelftli V/ard, v^hile LIr. Vaclav Jelinek is in charge of the 
gathering in the Thirty-fourth Ward. Captain A. Poole of the United States 
Army represented our Czech volunteers. Parades will be held before each meet- 
ing 



I G - 2 - BOHS!£EAI^T 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 28, 1917, 

Clarence Darrcfv;, attorney at law, and Colonel Chas. R. Hov/land, commander of 
our Czechoslovak volunteers* camp, are scheduled to speak. 



3» 



-a 
o 



Ca.-> 



II B 2 d (1) 

Dcnni lO-asatel , ::ov. lo, 1917. 

DZii:i Ji^'u6-J2ZL ij t:l;i.i.j2D 

LCrs. '.iLU G. :.:c^i.GOo, v/ifo of the secretary,'- of the United ;:jtates Treasury, has 
sent a letter to tlie publishers of the Doimi lilasatel , in ;vhich she expresses her ^ 
appreci'.tion for the -.vorl: done by t^iat Chicago Czech paper in behalf of the ^^ 
oecond Liberty x.oan, enclosed vr.^s a final report on the total subscription, v;hich ^ 
reached the figure ,,.4,617,552,500, or fifty-four per cent nore than the quota "^ 
of three billion doll;~rs. so | 



CO 

.en 



I G 30IQ.:L\IiI 

Dennl rllasatel . Nov. 7, 1917. 

JJ. N0BL3 CAU3l7 

(editorial) 

Rivers of Czech blood have been shed already. Much of this was spilled on ^ 

the vn:ong side — in the service of the most vicious enemy of the Czech people. ^^ 

A larse amount of it, true enough, has been sacrificed for the best interests fZ 

of our people and mankind us well. ^~^ 

o 
Nevertheless, the blood that sons of the Czech nation had to shed, even against ^- 

their own better convictions, has not flowed in vain. It v;ill -nroduce ne?/ ^ 

resistance against the German t^/rants and murderers, and so holp toward the ^ 

ultimate liberation of our people. 



I G BOHSbOj^N 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a Dennl Hlaaatel , Nov, 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III H CHICAGO BIDS FAREvTELL TO CZECHOSLOVAK YOLUNTESHS 
I K 

17 He are convinced that the present time will change the history of ^ 

the world, for we see indications to that effect almost every day. 5 

Events are occurring which will have great influence upon the future. ^rs. 

One such event was the farewell program for the departing Czechoslovak ^ 
volunteers, vAio feel deep in their hearts that this is the time when we g 
must sacrifice our material belongings — even our lives — if we want to ac- 
canplish vdiat every Czech and Slovak, no matter where he may live, holds 
to be his fondest wish. Fran earliest youth, when he began to realize that tn 
things were once different in the old homeland and that Czechs and Slovaks 
were free men vdiose fate could not be governed by anyone but themselves, 
the Czech and Slovak yearned for freedom. He yearned again to be the son 
of our nation, a nation keeping abreast with others and progressing toward 
the destiny allotted to it by fate, not by Germany. 

Our readers have been infoimed by previous reports that the French Government 



Co 
ISO 






I G - 2 - BOHSIJLAN 

II B 1 C (1) 

II B 1 a Denni ELasatel . Nov. 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III H has peraiitted the newly-created Czechoslovak Army to fight along- 
I K side the Allied armies against our common enemy, and that the same 

17 permission vias granted to the Poles. The nations now groaning un- 

der the yoke of Austrian and German arbitrary rule will thus be 

able to contribute directly to the efforts made for the liberation of the i=i 
small nations, whose independence is one of the points in the peace program r" 
of the Allied nations. ^ 

O 

The Czechoslovak National Council has been working for the formation of ^ 
such a Czechoslovak Army. There are thousands of Slavs who, while in the S 
Austro-Hungarian and German armies, were taken prisoner by the Allies and are «-" 
now interned as such. They are eager to join the Allied forces. The eyes 
of the Allied military authorities naturally tiirned towards the Czechs and 
Slovaks in America, expecting that these branches would also contribute to 
the contingent of the Czechoslovak Army. 

The Allies were not disappointed, for the moment Dr. Milan R. Stefanik, 



I G - 3 - BOHEJJIAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III E Slovak patriot and leader, appeared in America as a special envoy 
IK of the Allies and informed Czech-America that the Czechoslovak 

IV Army was in the process of developing, and that the United States 
Government permitted the recruiting of men here, young men began 

to enlist in large numbers. They all lon?;od to fight the rabid foe of the 
Slavic race shoulder to shoulder with the undaunted French soldiers. 






-a 
o 



rvj 



•Hie time is drawing near. It is not possible to decide today upon the day 
when our boys will actually depart from Chicago. Before this time the ^ 

United Amateurs of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs &:ave a performance, the proceeds of 
which will be distributed among our volunteers for France. 

This theatrical performance became a farewell program vrtiich will linger in 
the memory of those present for a long time. The auditorium was packed with 
friends of the volunteers. Every seat was taken, and many had to content 
themselves with standing room. They did not mind a little discomfort, for 
they were conscious of the great sacrifices which others are going to make 
for the patriotic cause. 



I G - 4 - BOHEaOAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a Denni Hlasatel . Nov, 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III H After a musical introduction rendered by the orchestra, lylr. Joseph 

I K TvTzicky, secretary of the Czech National Alliance, spoke on the 

17 significance of the gathering. He commended the readiness of the S 

volunteers and urged other men to join them. The enthusiasm evoked 3> 

by his words was in evidence throughout the evening, p: 

p- 

The United Amateurs were nerb on the program. They gave a one-act play writ- ^ 
ten by Dr, Rudis-Jicinsky and taken from his experiences in Serbia while he 2 
was a member of an auxiliary expedition into the war area in the Balkan states, oo 
The name of the play is "Hej Slovane" (Onward, Ye Slavsl). The background i:^ 
for the action is based upon the sentiment of Slav officers of the Austrian "^ 
Army during the invasion of Serbia. Three Slav officers, a Czech, a Croatian, 
and a Slovak are depicted; there is also an Austrian colonel. All four are 
quartered in the house of a Serbian physician who had given his services to 
his own nation; his wife had accompanied him as a war nurse. Only their sick 
little boy was left behind. Deep-rooted repulsion against fighting their 
Serbian brothers bursts from the conversation of the three Slav officers, re- 



I G - 5 - BOHMIAN 

II B 1 c (1) ■ 

II B 1 a Denni HLasatel , Nov. 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III H fleeting the struggle within their own consciences. The climax 

IK is reached vrtien the Austriaji colonel, resenting the patriotic feel- ^ 

IV ing of the Serbian boy, prepares to beat him down. The three Zi 
Slav officers shoot the colonel and desert to the Serbian forces, c^ 

taking with them numerous sympathetic Czech and Slovak soldiers. <- 

The acting was good, and as the amateurs played with warm Czech and Slovak o 
feeling, the effect upon the audience was overwhelming. The role of colonel i^ 
of the Seventy-third Austrian Infantry regiment was not one to be desired. ^ 
Mr. 7. Roucka gulped it down and presented it in the very manner that best &?> 
fitted the spirit of the play. i:essrs. Jos. R. Krejci, R. Novotny, and 
Otto Horacek found themselves perfectly at home in the characters of the 
three Slav officers. The fourteen- year-old son of the Serbian physician 
was played by a girl, Bozena Zidlicky; the role could not have been in 
better hands. The audience applauded the high points of the play with 
genuine patriotic ardor. 



I G - 6 - BOHEIgAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a Denni Hlasatel . Nov. 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III H Mrs. Antonia Cervenka addressed the Czech and Slovak volunteers, 
I K reminding them of the importeuice of the step which they are about 

IV to take, and urging them on to heroic action. She also turned to 
other men and women in the gathering. She admonished them to do 

everything in their power for the cause, and at the same time never to for- 
get the volunteers v\4iose patriotic inspiration compels them to offer their 
lives. She concluded by displaying the Czech and Merican colors. This 
evoked thunderous applause. o 

CjO 

Mrs. Novak, introduced by the preceding speaker, urged our women to organize S 
into an auxiliary vrtiich would take care of the needs of the soldiers in the ^ 
Czechoslovak Army in France. 

The second part of the program was begun with a battle song, "Vyzva" (The 
Call), the words of which were penned by Vojta Benes, organizer of the Czech 
National Alliance. It was sung by Mrs. Slavka Krejci, assisted by twelve 



?-■ 






- 7 - BOHSLIIAN 

(1) 

Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 5, 1917. 

other ladies, half of whom were dressed as male Sokols while the 
other half wore female Sokol dress. The performance made a visibly- 
deep impression. The last verse of the song was sung before a ?•- 
Statue of Liberty. ^ 

I — 

r~ 

The strains of the song were still echoing through the hall when the Cesko- ^ 
Delnicky Pevecky Sbor (Czech V/orkingmen' s Chorus) with its director, Idr, S 
Houdek, took the stap,e and sang two Czech songs and one Slovak one. They 
were rewarded by vociferous applause. 




The "March of the Czechoslovak Army" was then played by the Rubringer beuad, 
linder the direction of Mr. Cerny, ccmposer of the music. The volunteers 
paraded through the hall and the emotion of the crowd reached a high pitch. 
It looked as if everyone of the spectators had to restrain himself from 
joining the marchers. The climax of the evening was reached when the volun- 
teers assembled upon the stage and stood in rapt attention while Mrs. Stulfa, 
speaking for the Czech and Slovak women of Chicago, addressed the group and 
presented the volunteers with a flag bearing ihe words "United We Shall 



o 



CO 



II B 1 c 


II B 1 a 


III B 2 


III H 


I K 


17 



I G . - 8 - BOHMIAN 

(1) 

Demi Hlasatel . Nov. 5, 1917. 

Conquer". It was the work of llrs. J. Turzicky. It was handed to 
Mr. Kuber, chairman of the Czechoslovak Coinniittee, who expressed 
the thanks of the volunteers and then entrusted the banner to Vaclav '. 
Cipra, ensign-bearer. 

r- 

The dedication was clothed in the follov/ing words: "Take this banner and --- 

battle courageously under it for the liberty of our enslaved old homeland; ^ 

bring it victorioiisly to our Mother, Prague; carry it through Czech and 
Slovak lands as the symbol of the love \idiich the American Czechs and Slovaks 
harbor for the motherland." 



Ensign-bearer Cipra, speaking for the volunteers, promised undaunted action 
vrtiich will sanctify the banner so as to make it a revered historic relic. 
He also entreated Czech women to co-operate and help furnish the articles 
so much needed by the soldiers. He also addressed those who are detained 
from military service and urged them to "do their bit" in their own way, 
especially by financial aid. 



o 



o 

'-J 



I g - 9 - BOHEJ-gAN 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 5, 1917. 

III B 2 

III H Mr. Sustek spoke to the Slovaks and established a wholehearted con- 

I K tact with the volunteers. The chorus then sang •*V Boj" (OnS Into 

17 the battle!). - 

The •♦Marseillaise" and "Kde Domov LIuj" (;Vhere Is My Home), Czech national f 

anthem, were sung by Mr. J. R. Krejci, baritone. An apotheosis of Slovak "^ 

volunteers serving in the various Allied armies, and also of Slovak girls g 

rendering homage before a Statue of Liberty, closed the memorable evening ^— 

to the strains of the "Meu:ch of the Czechoslovak Army". o 



I G BOBEMIAN 
III B 2 

II B 3 Denni Hlaeatel « Nov, A, 1917. 

III D 

III H TO CZECH-AidERICAN SOKDI^ 

IV (Trom the Officers of the Sokol Community in America) 

Brothers: We live in a time when every man, woman, and even every child is 
called on to make sacrifices in order that this war into which our Republic 
was drawn against its will may end with a victory for humanity and justice; 
in order that this violent, repulsive militarism which has driven the whole 
world into hell-fire and destruction be forever downed. 



3> 



o 



It is now generally admitted that world-wide peace can be secured only by a 
victory for the Allies, and it is the duty of everyone to work with all his ^ 
power toward this end. No sacrifice must seem too great for us. 



ro 



The Sokol organizations also are going throu^ a harassing trial. We are 
euiticipating with great Joy the victory irtiich will bring independence to our 
nation; but Dr. Uilan R. Stefanik, mho was sent to us by the Allied war council, 
declared that if we are eager to win liberty for our old h<»ieland, we shall 



I G - 2 - BQFKMIAN 
III B 2 

II B 3 Denni Hlasatel , Nov, 4, 1917. 

III D 

III H have to show that we are worthy of such a boon. He declared that 

IV our own dignity would not permit us inerely to look at the struggle 
from afar, to let men of other nations fight and shed their blood, 

and then to appear as claimants of the fruits of their victory. Our brothers 
from the prison camps have already spoken. After terrible suffering they have "^ 
joined the Allied ranks and now face misery for a second time in the fight for r; 
freedom of the old homeland. At the same time, however, they are turning to- -o 
ward America, longing and wondering how the Sokols in America will stand up o 
for our cause, ^ 

And here, Brothers, let us remember the words uttered by Dr. Ludwig J. Fisher, *■" 
president of the Czech National Alliance, at a memorable meeting in Chicago. 
He spoke about the patriotic duties of the Sokol organizations: 

"I am addressing myself especially to you, brother Sokols, who have broxight 
the great teachings fron the suffocating atmosphere of Austrian tyranny so that 
they may shine with new brilliancy; that they may begin to blossom again; that 



-X) 



I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

II B 3 Dennl Hlasatel , Nov, 4, 1917, 

III D 

III H they may speak the word at a time vrtien several millions of our Czech 

IV brothers and sisters are waiting in suspense to hear what the Sokols ^ 
in America, the heirs of the teachings of Tyrs, will answer in this ^ 

crucial hour. Remember what Tjrrs professed fifty years ago; how he shaped .^ 
the program for the activities of the Sokols in the future: p 

"'Not the glorious history, not the constemt allusions to it, but a healthy, g 
vigorous present — a present rich in sacrifices of its sons — alone insures a i" 
better future for a nation, ' o 

c--. 
"Thus taught Tyrs in the sixties of the last century smd these words, my brothers, 
have not lost their validity and meaning for the Sokols, We should, indeed, 
keep them persistently in mind, especially at this portentous time. Remember 
also how often Tyrs referred to the magnificent examples in ancient Greek 
history, in those times when Hellas was sure of its liberty because of the 
mighty chests and coxirage of her sons. Remember that Tyrs's ideals strove to 
uplift the sons of his beloved nation so that they might reach a similar level 



I G - 4 - BCEEagAN 
III B 2 

II B 3 Denni Hlasatel . Nov, 4, 1917. 

III D 

III H of harmony of their physical and mental powers; that he endeavored 

IV to teach the youth of his nation what self-denial means; and that 
self-interest should count for naught — and the nation and its welfcure ^ 

for everything. 5 



The spirit of Tyrs is revived — the seirae Tyrs who in the year 1866 asked per- r- 

mission for his comrades and himself to help stem the tide of the German hordes ^ 

that was driving through the passes of the mountains to invade Bohemia — that o 

spirit is coming back to see whether we have preserved Sokol ideals in our ^ 

hearts; those true, conscious, and united Sokol ideals — or whether we are mere S 

flag-waving would-be heroes who are not worthy even to utter the name of our t^ 
dear departed leader." 

This is what the president of the Czech National Alliance said of the duties 
Incumbent upon the Sokols in America at present. 

Brothers: We agree with every word pronounced by that speaJcer relating to the 



I G - 5 - BOHKMTAN 
III B 2 

II B 3 Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 4, 1917. 

III D 

III H duties of the Sokols today. We do not belong to those who, while 
17 carried away by enthusiasm, close their eyes to reality; who do not 

wfimt to face the .numerous obstacles vrtiich confront the endeavor of jg 
the Sokols in America, obstacles which may cuase the Sokols to fulfill the 5 
hopes placed in them to a somevrtiat lesser degree than is expected of them. .^^ 

r— 

One reason for this is that the flower of our Sokol members Joined the Allied ' ^ 
forces even before war was declared here. Those young men who were left joined § 
the American Anny and Navy as volunteers at the first appeal by President 
Wilson. Finally, those who did not join as volunteers were drafted, while 
others are awaiting the call to arms. The interest of the Sokols in America cJi 
bids us mention this condition. This is done so that people will not be misled 
and pass harsh judgment upon us if we should not be able to send young men into 
the newly-created Czechoslovak Army in the numbers expected of us. 

But, Brothers, there are many among us who are exempted from active military 
service because of age. There are many who are under no familial obligations. 
Some have not become citizens of the United States and so are not subject to 



Co 



I G - 6 - BQHEMIAl^^ 
III B 2 

II B 3 Dennl Hlasatel . Nov. 4, 1917. 

III D 

III H comptilsory service in this country. To all these persons we direct 

IV our appeal, expecting them to show that Sokols do not talk, but do 
their duty. Signed: J. Cermak, president; Cyril Popelka, secretary; 

V, Vonasek, manager. 



i 

r<o 



I Q BQHRMIAN 

I P 6 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 29, 1917. 

^OMPSON BUYS bonds/ 

(Editorial) 

The people of Chicago are really beginning to believe that Mayor Thompson 
has reformed. He has bought $5,000 worth of Liberty bonds, which is more 
than could have been expected of him* 



o 



CO 



* 



I G BOHEMIAN 

I Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 29, 1917, 

^ILLY SUNDAY WILL ARRIVET' 

(Editorial) 

Billy Sunday is going to pay Chicago a visit which, it is estimated, will 

cost $150,000, A very large nuiriber of Liberty bonds which would do more good ^ 

to the Gtovemment and the people could be bought for that amount of money. ^ 



-o 
o 

re 

C7» 



I G B0H3?.!IAN 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 28, 1917. 

A MSSSAGS TO TIE CZ3CH VOLUNTEERS IN PRANCE 
{By Twenty-three Czechoslovak Volunteers) 

To the Czech volunteers in the Canadian array somev;here in France: 

Brothers! '7e felt deeply moved when we read how you have shed your blood 
for our beloved red and white flag. There was a mass meeting of Czechs 
and Slovaks in Chicago in the hall of Sokol Havlicek Tyrs yesterday, October 14, 
Two distinguished guests spoke: Dr. Tv'ilan Rastislav Stefanik, vice-president 
of the Czechoslovak National Council, and Count De 'lontal, colonel in the 
aviation corps of the French array. Everyone nresent rose to honor the memory 
of Anton Nedelka, a member of the Sokol societies who gave his life for the 
cause of liberty and fought as a volunteer in France. One hundred men stepped 
upon the stage, of ferine^ themselves for service in the newly created Czecho- 
slovak army to fight for the independence of Czechoslovak lands. You may 
have heard the glad nev/s that the Government of the United States has given 
permission to Czechoslovaks in America to unite into an independent 



I G 
III H 



- 2 - 



Deimi Hlasatel. Oct. 28, 1917, 



BOHS!,!IAN 



Czechoslovak army which is to ^o to France and fight vmder the command of 
their own officers. Before Ions; we shall join and embrace you. '.'/e shall 
see you again I 




I G B0II3^I;U^I 

II A 3 d (1) 

II A 3 c Denni lilasatel , Oct. 28, 1917. 

III C 

III D FROM TIE GIECE jlRTI3T3» CLUB 

IV 

There was a farewell party for members of the Czech -Jtists' Club who 
have enlisted for service in the Amy. One of these, ii. J. Freund, a violin 
virtuoso, is in the Rockford, Illinois training camp already. Others soon 
to depart are the actor Dvorak ;md the painter Vytlacil. 

A letter from S. St. Yraz, the traveler, v;as received by the Club v;herein the 
wishes for a happy return, good health, and laurels of victorj'- for the vol- 
unteers are voiced. 

Wishes for the volunteers, as expressed by the .ixtists* Club»s secretary, 
Mr. Horlivy, took on a hamorous note: 'lir. Dvorak" means "Ivlr. Polite" in 
English, and "lilr. Vytlacil". means "The Gentleman Viho Squeezed Something, Or 
Somebody, Out". Mr. Dvorak had to promise that when he meets the Germans he 
will be "!lr. In-Polite," v/hereas I.Ir. Vytlacil assured the Club members that 




I G 



_ O _ 

DQnni Klasatel. Oct. 28, 1917. 



BOSITILU: 



II A 3 d (1) 

II A 3 c 

III C 

III D he will do honor to his name v/hen he noets the GeiTiians and actually 
IT" "Squseze Them Out", 

lir. Vytlaicil, the painter, had only recently received a call to becoLie a 
professor at the Art Institute of Minneapolis, I.Iinnesota. Because of his 
enlistment, however, he had to decline the offer. The Club hopes that he 
will meet ;vith the same success in tic iOiay as he lias had as an artist. 

Karel Horkj'-, the writer and poet, was heartily wolcomed in the Club last .7ed- 
nesday. Dr. J. Salaba Yojan, president, pointed to the merits of Horlc^r^s 
work, and expressed the v;ish that the poet v;ould soon become an active woricer 
of the Club and iiiake Chicago his perraanent abode. 

In a coiniaunication from the Bohe.'nian 'Tational Cemetery Association, the 
Artists* Club is requested to act as counsel and aid in the selection of 
certain decorations v:hich are to be used at the Cemetery. The Club members 
gladly pror.iised to do this. 



kj 



I G BOHEMIAN 

II D 6 

III D Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 27, 1917. 

mm DVORAK PARK 

• 

Our boys are working hard to train themselves to be fit when the moment comes 
to fight for the freedom of America and for the liberation of our brothers in 
Czechoslovak lands. It is certain that within a short time these boys may be 
exposed to ice-cold weather somewhere in France, and. we shall feel sorry for 
them. This will not help them, but nevertheless we should try to make their 
lot as bearable as possible. 

In what manner can this be done? If we send them sweaters, wsurm gloves, and 
socks, they will feel greatly relieved. 

The director of Dvorak Park is sending out an appeal to all women, married or 
single, to take part in the sewing parties which are to be held in the Park 
building. Hiere will be a gathering in the Park tcmorrow, Sunday, at 3 P.M. 
for the purpose of discussing arrangements for this humanitarian work. AJ.1 
that is necessary for the realization of the idea is just a little good will. 



I G - 2 - BOHmffAN 

II D 6 

III D Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 27, 1917. 

Mr. Va^clav Kodl, manager of the Park, asked Mr. \'fm, Kaspar, chairman of the 
Board of Directors of the American State Bank, for help in procuring wool 
and other sewing material. Mr. Kaspar is a veteran of the Civil War. He 
.commended the project for aiding the soldiers and promised to furnish the 
necessary equipment. 




I Gr 
IV 



Boinr-HAii 



Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 24, 1917. 

0N3 MII.LICN DOLLARS— CZICCH SmRZ IN BOND SAX,?! 

The executive committee of the Czech division for the increase of Liberty- 
bond sales held its meeting in the hall of Sokol Chicaf^o, 24th Street and 
South Kedzie Avenue, last 1,'onday. Mr, Anton J. Cermak presided. In spite 
of the rainy weather, the attendance was large. The reports of the in- 
dividual workers and teams were highly encouraging and demonstrated the 
feverish zeal with which the 7;orkers went about their task. It is expected 
that final accounts will show that the amount expended by Chicago Czechs 
will exceed one million dollars for the Second Liberty Loan, the same amount 
as for the First Liberty Loan. 

These two million dollars demonstrate that the Czechs stand in first place 
among other nationalities of Chicago. 

/a. list of firms, organizations and individuals who bought bonds f(5llows_j7' 




I Gr BOHSLIIAN 

III D 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 23, 1917. 

^ZSCH 3CLDIEIB7 
^ (Sditorial) 

The sight of our Czech soldiers leaving for the training camps has filled our 
hearts with great joy. Our boys joined the ranks willingly, even after the 
introduction of compulsory service. 

However, we deeply regret that we are compelled to report some cases of 
desertion from the Army, and that there were Czechs among the slackers. , ;7e 
wish that they would shed their Czech names along with their unifonns. He 
are ashamed of them— that is all we have to say. 




I G BOHEIJIAN 

III B 2 

IV Dennf Illasatel . Oct. 18, 1917. 

CZECH LODGES PUSH BOND SAI^ 

(Suniaary) 

The Czech coimaittee which was organized some days ago for the purpose of 
boosting the sale of bonds for the Second Liberty Loan, sent out its 
members to stimulate interest among individuals, business houses, lodges, 
and clubs in the Czech districts of Chicago. Those men submitted the 
first report on the results of their survey to the committee in a recent 
session. The report was very favorable, stating that not one organiza- 
tion, whether it be a building and loan, brotherhood, aid society, or 
glee club, refused to invest at least part of its funds in the Loan. 

The Cesko-Slovanska Podporujlcl Spolecnost (Czecho-Slavonic Aid Society) 
took the lion*s share in these transactions, and the credit for this pro- 
gress is attributed to Mr. Joseph A. Smejkal who zealously visited the 




I G - 2 - EOHSMIAN 

III B 2 

^ Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 18, 1917. 

meetings of the various lodges of this aid society, urging the officers 
€Uid members to buy the bonds. The amounts range from $100 to $1,000..,.« 



Three Czech ladies' societies bought bonds for |800, according to reports 
received up to today. 

Three Czech Odd Fellows lodges bought bonds together for $3,800; two 
Masonic lodges bought bonds together for ipl,000; three Catholic associa- 
tions invested ^1,550. 

Czech business firms responded as follows: Employees of Bursfk & Eruplia, 
$650; California Manufacturing Company, $2,300; People's Fuel and Supply 
Company, ^1,000; 26th Street Businessmen's Association, $2,000; City 
Sanitary Dairy, ;$2,500, 

Messrs, John L, Novak and Joseph J« Janda announced a total subscription 



'^-x 



I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III B S 

IV" Denni Hlasatel. Oct, 18, 1917. 

of $10,900 from nineteen Czech building and loan associations* 

Judge Jos# Uhlff and Mr, Joseph Holpuoh reported on a meeting v;hich was 
called by them and attended by 1,500 principals and school teachers, all 
of whom promised to co>operate by explaining to school children the ad- 
vantages offered in the bond issue, thus indirectly inducing the parents 
to buy bonds* 

There is no doubt that all Czechs thoroughly understand the importance of 
the bonds for the preservation of liberty here and the attainment of inde- 
pendence for the old homeland* 




I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

III G Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1917. 

Ill D 

I L BUY LIBERTY BONDS: 

(Editorial) 

We earnestly urge our readers to purchase Liberty bonds wherever eind when- 
ever financial conditions permit. We are engaged in a war that asks us to 
send not only the flower of our youth into battle against a relentless 
enemy who uses every means to attain his goal, i.e., the domination over 
the whole world; but the war also asks us to stake all our worldly possessions 
on the issue of victory. 

Our army must be supplied with everything useful and necessary, such as 
ammunition and clothing. It must also be kept trim and strong in order to 
be capable of overwhelming the enemy. 

It is also our duty to help the Allied armies which are exhaused after a 
three year struggle. If we do not help them, they may be compelled to con- 
clude a peace incompatible with honor, and leave America to fight for herself. 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III H 

III G Dennl Hlasatel. Oct, 16, 1917. 

Ill D 

I L He who would refuse the money for bonds now might have to pay regular 
contributions to the Kaiser plus an enormous war indemnity. 

Every one of us, whether rich or poor, has one interest — that of defeating 
the Germans decisively and arriving at a peace that would once and for all 
do away with the danger of German militarism and Prussian autocracy. Those 
insignificant individuals who are receiving higher wages here than are paid 
anywhere in the world would lose every advantage if the Kaiser should be 
the victor. For the Germans think primarily of gaining control of the world *s 
business so that they can flood the markets with their merchandise; they 
want to force the goods of the English, French, and Americans from the market; 
they want to render any competition impossible. 

A German victory would reduce the American v/orkman to dire poverty. It 
would deprive him of his means of livelihood, and those workers who might 
remain would have to work for starvation wages. 

The farmer of the United States, whose life is envied by faarmers all over the 




I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III H 

III G Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1917, 

III D 

I L world, would sink to a low level 6J.ong with the entire United States. 
If the workers had to take a pittance of a wage, they would be unable 
to pay a decent price for the victuals supplied by the farmers, who would 
find themselves in a worse condition than they were twenty-five years ago. 

Prosperous merchants, manufactxirers, well-paid professionals, and other 
people of means should gather all their liquid assets and turn them over to 
the Government by the purchase of Liberty bonds to help assure victory, for 
defeat would spell disaster for them. While these people now enjoy wealth 
and comfort, they would soon become destitute and sink to the level of the 
poorest proletarian, and even further to the condition of the most miserable 
among the wretched. 

People should also consider that the United States simply must have the 
money €md must acquire it by means of bonds or taxation. Many millions of 
persons do not have to pay taxes; however, this would change the moment 
Uncle Sam was unable to borrow money from his o?m citizens. Everybody would 
then have to pay high direct and indirect taxes. Prices would soar until 

Ik; 




I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III H 

III G Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1917. 

Ill D 

I L we would hardly be able to keep from starving. If we lend money to 
the Grovomment , it will not have to resort to high taxation. 

We Czechs have been offered prosperity and the opportunity to arrive at a 
dignified station in life by our new homeland. Me come from a nation whose 
independence is one of the aims which the United States is pursuing in this 
war. Therefore we should be particularly willing to sacrifice, and perform 
our patriotic duties in every way; and one of these is to buy Liberty bonds. 
If the Teutons win the war, the Czech nation will be doomed, condemned to 
annihilation. On the other hand, a victory for the United States and the 
Allies will bring liberty to the Czech nation; victory will give it prosperity 
and will guarantee its independence for all time. Every memory of our 
early years, our devotion to the dear old motherland should urge us to buy 
bonds and thus help to bring victory over the Germans. 

The immigrant citizen is accorded the same rights and the same advantages as 
those which the Constitution and the laws of the United States secured for the 




I G - 5 - BCHEMIAN 

III H 

III G Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1917. 

Ill D 

I L native citizen. Now it is up to the immigrant citizen to prove that 

he is willing to meet the requirements and fulfill the duties which 
this portentous time of war imposes upon him. The immigrant is now the 
cynosure of all the American people. The results of their observations will 
govern the future attitude of America toward him. Let us Czechs endeavor to 
render Americans judgment of our behavior a most favorable one. We shall 
then be in a position to point proudly to this record when the time comes to 
repulse the attacks by the know-nothings, of whom there is no dearth at any time. 

Subscribing to bonds cannot even be considered a sacrifice. It merely means 
the safest and most reasonable investment of money. Some of our fellow- 
countrymen eye this time with suspicion. They fear unstability and the loss 
of their savings. We are receiving inquiries about the safest way to invest 
money, whether it should be put in private or Postal Savings banks. We 
recommend the purchase of Liberty bonds, for they offer the greatest security, 
just the same as the Postal Savings banks. The war bonds are backed by the 
entire American nation with its immense wealth, and they bear four per cent 




I G - 6 - BQHEMTAN 

III H 

III G Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 16, 1917, 

III D 

I L interest, while the private banks offer three and the Postal Savings 
bank only two per cent. 

In decadent old Austria, four and five per cent interest was paid, but a 
general state bemkruptcy was already expected before the war. Yet people 
invested their savings in state properties; they reasoned that in case of 
failure, they would save at least something, while in a private bank they 
would lose everything. There is absolutely no possibility of a bankruptcy 
of the United States Government or of her failure to pay. Our government 
might as well borrow ten or twenty times as much money as it has now, for 
it will always be able to offer collateral. The United States is the 
richest country in the world; the Treasury holds fully two thirds of the 
gold that circulates over the globe. The whole world would have to declare 
itself bankrupt before any such emergency could arise in the United States. 
In case of a world bankruptcy , Germany and Austria would be drawn into the (^ ^f 
whirlpool and would thus be unable to continue the war. 

We Czechs have assumed the proper attitude from the very beginning of the war 





I G - 7 - BOHEiaAN 

III H 

III G Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 16, 1917. 

Ill D 

I L in discerning instantly that a defeat of the Teutons is to the interest 

of the United States and the whole world in general. We saw instantly 
that the entrance of the United States into the war assured a victory for 
the Allies. We have to continue reiterating our attitude not by words only, 
but by deeds as well, thus helping toward ultimate victory. For this reason, 
every Czech in America must produce visible proof of ownership of a Liberty 
bond, America may and must demand that every citizen submit evidence in the 
form of a Liberty bond that he is a good American patriot. He who does not 
prove his attitude by fighting in the Army or Navy must attest to his patriotic 
feeling by buying a bond. We feel certain that there is not a single Czech 
in America itho would not offer this evidence if his circumstances permitted 
him to do so— be it even in the smallest possible measure. 




I G ■ BOHS.:iAN 

III B 2 

III H Dennf Hlasatel. Oct. 15, 1917. 
I E 

IV SLAVS CARRISD MAY BY PATRIOTIC SPIRIT 
Enormous Crowds Meet in Behalf of Creation of a 

Czechoslovak /irray for France 

The auditorium of Sokol Havlicek Tyrs, Lavmdale Avenue near 26th Street, was 
filled by the largest crowd in its history yesterday afternoon. At the same 
time it \velcomed tv;o distinguished and sjnnpathetic guests, Dr. Milan Rastislav 
Stefanlk, one of the greatest sons of downtrodden Slovakia, who was sent out 
to infonn the world of the plight and the just demands of his country; and 
Count Denotal, colonel in the French Army and military attache in Washington, 
D. C., who is representing our friends and brothers, the French nation, to 
v.hom the Czechs and the Slovaks have ever been attached by ties of sincerest 
friendship. Their visit supports a purpose which ic certain to be of 
monumental importance for the Czechoslovak cause. Stefanlk and Denotal 
appeared before the largest crovfd that ever thronged any of our Czech Chicago 
halls. These men came to plead for the creation of a Czechoslovak array as a 
compact unit. The nucleus of this army, v;hich already exists, is the result 
of untiring work by that old gentlemen, Professor Thomas G. Ivlasaryk, in 






I G - 2 - BOHSI£B>N 

III B 2 

III H Dennf Hlasatel , Oct. 15, 1917. 
I E 

IV collaboration with the Cesko-Slovenska Karodnl Rada (Czecho-Slovak 
National Council). This army is expected to give substantial weight 

to the common demands of the Slavonic peoples when the tenas of peace will 
be discussed. 

At yesterday's meeting, with the consent of the Government in V/ashington, 
the first firm foundations v/ere laid for the recruiting of the army. The 
Cesko-Slovensky Vybor (Czecho-Slovak Conunittee), sponsor of the movement, 
is composed of representatives of the Czech National Alliance, the Slovak 
League, and the National Alliance of Czech Catholics. 

When the two distinguished guests were ushered in by leaders of the Czech 
National Alliance, and the band played the "iilarseillaise," the patriotic 
commotion defied description. 



The platform was decorated with the colors of the Allied nations. A large 
picture frame was very aptly placed on the stage with the photographs of 
the thirty-two members of Havllcek-Tyrs who were the first to enlist for 



A/ 



O'l 



I G - 3 - BOHEIvlI/iN 

III B 2 

III H Dennf Hlasatel . Oct. 15, 1917. 
I E 

IV service and are now fighting on various fronts. Among them v/as the 
likeness of that enthusiastic patriot, Anton Kedelka, who was the 

first to give his life for the cause of humanity. 

Both Dr. Stefanlk and Colonel Demotal v;ore the uniforms of officers in the 
Flying Corps of the French ^inay. Stefanlk* s chest glittered v.ith four medals 
which he had won by his daring exploits in the French iinny. Both guests v/ere 
given the place of honor in the center of the platform. 

Dr. Ludwig J, Fisher, president of the Czech National Alliance, first greeted 
Colonel Demotal, introducing him as the official representative of the 
Republic of i'rance. The Colonel came. Dr. Fisher stated, to attest to the 
Franco-Czech solidarity v/hich has been semctified by the blood of Czech 
soldiers upon the battlefields of France. 

Dr. Stefanlk was introduced to the tumultuously jubilant multitude as a 
member of the Slovak group whom everj' Czech would begrudge our |)rothers, 
the Slovaks, if he had not demonstrated a thousand times that his heart 




I G - 4 - BOHH-JLAN 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 15, 1917. 
I S 

IV beats equally for all the Slav nations. 

Dr. Stefanik then took the platform, first speaking in the Slovak language, 
but continuing in faultless Bohsmian. In spite of his unassuming way and 
the absence of oratorical phrases in the delivery of his address, the 
audience was moved. This was repeatedly demonstrated by the loud applause 
of the audience* 

The speaker outlined the purposes which brought hin to the United States. 
Ke has come as a representative of the Czechoslovalc National Council to 
obtain permission from the United States Governiaent to build an independent 
Czechoslovak array which would give every Slav the opportunity to do his duty. 
He stressed the fact that the time in which v/e now live is too critical for 
hollow phrases. v;e must state our demands frankly, and we must learn what 
is expected of us. It is necessary that the situation of our people at hone 
and in foreign countries be analyzed. ^. - 




ki 



^ 



I G - 5 - BOIIEML^T 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 15, 1917. 

I E 

17 Vi/hat are our aims at hone? The speaker proposed this question and 

answered it. Our aim at home is to make the masses and the individuals 
conscious of their nationality; to organize them; and to remove all obstacles 
which night involve danger. One or the preliminary reouirenents must be the 
unification of all Czechoslovak political parties, whatever their nature 
may be. If a nation is to be independent, its members must first make some 
moral progress; for, he v;ho is a scoundrel in private life will do mischief 
in public and national life also. There cannot be any misgivings about our 
people at home. They have unanimously accepted Professor T. G. Masaryk's 
program v/hich is based upon complete liberty. ..e have lived through enough 
slavery, and no more compromises v;ith Germans or Iilagyars are possible. 

'ITiose of our people who live beyond the borders of our old homeland have 
before them -che task of organization. 



I^.P.A. 



o{ 



At this point otefanik described the progress made in organizing, the chief 
result of vmich v/as the creation of the Czechoslovak national Council which 



I G - 6 - B0HS13AIJ 



III B 2 

III H DennI Hlasatel , Oct, 15, 1917, 

I E 

17 is to become the suprene forum of all Slavic nations, regardless of the 
difference in language. 

It is to the sole credit of Masaryk, Dr. Sdward Benes, and other inspired 
leaders that the whole v/orld knows about the aims of the Slavs today, i.e., 
that the independence of a Czechoslovak state be established at the peace 
conference. 

True enough, Czechoslovak independence has not been formally announced as a 
condition of peace by the Allies, as was the liberation of Belgium and Serbia, 
However, Czechoslovak independence v;ill become a reality if the Slavs will do 
their duty. The main responsibility for this work rests upon the shoulders 
of the Slavs in America, Their first duty, the speaker declared, consists of 
voluntary submission to discipline and a judicious distribution of the work 
at hand. The second duty demands the regular payment of the contributions 
needed for the prosecution of our aims. The contributions are levied in the » 
form of a national tax, ■'',,-., c 



i_G. - 7 - ■ mminM 

III B 2 

III H Dennl Hlasatel. Oct. 15, 1917, 
I E 

IV Dr. 5tefan£k aclcnoviledged the ioaiiy gifts that have been sent by America, 
but he said that the burden of payinent was not justly apportioned aniong 

the contributors. Xs it happens in other cases, it was one part of the 
people who paid, only to make up for the indolence of others who were lax 
in the fulfilL^ient of their patriotic duties. If every Slav in America did 
his duty by placing only five cents a day upon the altar of the motherland, 
the enormous amoxint of one hundred and fifty million francs could be collected 
every year. No one would become impoverished by such a procedure, Stefanlk 
assured the audience, and an immense quantity of work could be accomplished. 

A third duty is incumbent upon the Slavs in ilmerica, and that is, Stefanlk 
pointed out, organization for military service. Liany courageous fighters came 
from our midst, but that is not enough. Systematic progress is also needed 
here. He who relies upon the other fellow to win liberty for him is simply 
not worthy of it. Our task today is primarily to win liberty, and all the 
details can be taken care of later. 




I G - 8 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III H Deiinl Hlasatel , Oct. 15, 1917, 
I S 

IV The United States Govenuiient has piven its consent to the creation of 
a Czechoslovak array, and this body ;vill have to assert itself upon the 

battlefields in Europe, A Czechoslovak fighting unit with its ovra banner 
v.'ill be the safest guarantee that the victory for the Allies v/ill also be 
a victory for our cause, '..e have already made many sacrifices, but if we 
should slacken our efforts at the decisive moment and show that we did not 
know how to appreciate the great advantage given to us by the governments of 
the Allied countries as a result of the persistent work of Masaryk and his 
collaborators — then we would brand our own foreheads with the mark of 
cowardice. 

Stefanik closed his fiery address by an appeal to the Czechoslovak v/omen. 
He urged them not to place obstacles in the way of their men xirho are willing 
to sacrifice their lives for the . atriotic cause, but on the contrary, to 
support them in all possible ways, following the slogan: "We are not going 
to bring slaves into the world any more, but children of a free nation." 




I G - 9 - BOKEmN W '<d^' 

III B 2 VC,^>^ 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 15, 1917. 
I S 

IV "Eej Slovane" (Onward, all you Slavs!), Czech national anthem, was 
sung by the multitude in a long outbxirst of patriotic ardor. 

Dr. Ludv/ig J, Fisher then began his address by declaring that from the very 
first moment of the war, there could not have been any doubt about what side 
the Czechs and other Slavs would take. But our people knev/ that they could 
not be given liberty, even by the Allies, unless they v/in it by their ovm 
hands. This furnished the impulse for the formation of a Czechoslovak legion; 
this also caused the people in the old country to proclaim their demands for 
independence through their representatives in the Austrian parliament. Thus 
today the whole world knows that we are not, and do not v;ant to be Austrians, 
and that the Czechoslovak problem must be solved by the peace treaty. This 
solution, hov/ever, must be brought about by our fighting. 

The Czechoslovak National Council has made every effort toward the estab- 
lishment of the Czechoslovak army, v/hich should become an efficient cog in 
the gigantic wheel of the international struggle and work for the Allies. 






I G - 10 - BOHHlMi;^' --:!. 

Ill B 2 

III H Denni KLasatel , Oct. 15, 1917. 

I 3 

17 This has been granted to us. What v;ill our attitude be? Our boys 
have gone through the hell-fire of many a bloody battle, and they 
are again joining the forces, -nil of our settlements overseas have joined 
the movement, and v/e Czechoslovaks in America are called upon to follow 
their example. It is up to every Czechoslovak who is not burdened v/ith 
care for his family to prove that his patriotism is honest and sincere. 

Tumultuous applause greeted Dr. n'isher when he declared in a loud voice that 
he vjould consider himself a pitiful example of a Czech patriot if he himself 
did not practice what he preaches to others. The speaker then turned to 
Dr. 5tefanik and requested him to announce to Professor Llasaryk that he, 
Dr. Fisher, is the first to offer his services to the Czechoslovak army, and 
that he is ready to give his life for the old motherland. He closed with an 
appeal to the Sokol societies to be true to the teachings of Tyrs, and to form 
a group of volunteers to fight upon iYench soil. 

The strains of "Kde Domov Irluj" (Vr.ere Is My Home) played by the band ana 



(S m. i 

I G - 11 - B0H2MIAN^ '^ 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 15, 1917, 

I 2 

17 sung by every man and woman, mingled with the tumultuous applause 
v;hich followed Dr. Wisher's address. 

The audience was pleasantly surprised by Colonel Demotal, the next speaker. 
Everyone was expecting to hear him speak in ivrench, his native tongue. 
Instead, he spoke in fluent English, although he has a pronounced French 
accsnt. After ;r.entioning the courage of the French Anay and the devoted- 
ness of French v/omen, he greeted the Czechs and Slovaks as friends of his 
nation and as standard-bearers of coiiimon ideals. He reached out for 
Dr. Stefanfk's hand while thousands of voices shouted "Vive La France!" 

"Awaken in the name of justice, awaken in the name of liberty!" These were 
the parting words of the speaker. The "I.Iarseillaise" v;as played while the 
Colonel was loudly acclaimed. 

Karel Pergler, the next speaker, made reference to the proclamation of 
independence of the Czechs and Slovaks, v^ich was issued by their representatives 



I G - 12 - BOIB:.:iAK \vv, 

III B 2 

III H Dennf Hlasatel , Get. 15, 1917. 
I E 

IV in the Austrian parliament. Ivlr. Perkier pointed to the fact that even 
the Czech Socialists have joined the independence movejaent, and he 

urged all able-bodied Gzecho^ilovak Socialists to enlist in the array. 

After this address the leadei-s left for the Pilsen Drev/ery Park pavilion, 
where the Czechoalovak Catholics were holdins a large festival, lir. Joseph 
TvTzicky, secretary of the Czech National Alliance, remained and closed the 
meeting with a short address. The business of signing up for the army v;as 
then attended to. The nui.iber of volunteers is growing rapidly. 

The United States Government is looking favorably upon the forriiation of the 
nev; army. Secretary'' of War Baker issued an appeal to the Slav population 
to build up an army. Yesterday *s meeting proved that the Czechoslovaks 
v.'ill heed those appeals. 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 14, 1917. 

TO ALL SINCERE CZECHS 

There never was a time more portentous than the present when the liberty 
and independence of our dear nation is at stake. \7ho would not feel attached 
to his nation? Let us observe how people of other nationalities make sac- 
rifices in order to see their old homelands liberated. And how about our- 
selves? Should we remain inactive and wait patiently to see what fate has in 
store for us? Certainly not! V/e have to do something. How should it be done? 
By joining the Czech National Alliance. In our community there are many 
thousands of good sincere Czechs. It is to them that we are addressing our- 
selves : 

Become members of our district of the Czech National Alliance and work with us 
for our beloved old homeland. This is an epoch weighted v^ith historical 
significance. Our boys are shedding their blood on every front on the side of 
the Allies. They are giving themselves for the cause of liberty. V/hat about 
us who stay at home? 



I G - 2 - BCHSIvIIAN 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 14, 1917. 

There is surely no one among us who would dodge work. Ixiany of our people 
have indeed proved their willingness and love for the old homeland. The 
Czech "California" district has done good work since its creation, but there 
is more work awaiting it. We are counting upon the good will of all Czechs. 

The Sokol Slavoj branch of the Czech National Alliance has donated a consider- 
able number of building lots to the Czech "California" district of the Czech 
National Alliance. These lots will be sold to members of the Czech National 
Alliance for the benefit of that organization. Booklets giving individuals 
title to the lots may be purchased from L!rs. A. Llayer, Chicago Dairy Company, 
3948 V/est 16th Street, from 9 to 5 P. M, , or at the home of ilrs. Helen Celba, 
2523 V/est 22nd Street, every evening. The membership card of the Czech 
National Alliance must be presented before the purchase can be made. Another 
enterprise is the raffle of a piano, for which tickets are obtainable from 
Ivirs. Anna Novak, 4002 West 22nd Street. 

Meetings of the district organization are held every second and fourth Monday^ 
at Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs Hall. 



I G BOHEI.IIAI'T 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct, 14, 1917, 

Patriotic i-eetincss/ 

(Editorial) 

People with sluggish patriotic sentiment can get wanned up in a meeting 
like the one that was held in the Coliseum, or the one which is to be held 
today in the auditorium of Sokol Havlicek Tyrs. 




Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 13, 1917. 

CZECHS OH THE BRITISH FHOOT 

{Summary from the Press B'jreau of the Czech 
National Alliance and the National 
Alliance of Czech Catholics, Chicago) 

Letters sent from the front relate how the Canadians, among whom there are 
many Chicago Czechs, crossed the firing line for the first time 




I G 
III C 



BOHEMIAN 



Dennl HLasatel. Oct, 12, 1917. 



THE SBCCND \UR LOAN ' 
Czech Catholics For Action 

(Surnmaiy) 

A meeting of the representatives of all the Catholic organizations was held 
in the Czech-American Auditorium, West 18th Street, last night. The purpose 
was to instill enthusiasm into all Chicago Czech Catholics and stir them into 
action in behalf of the Second Liberty Loan, which should become an important 
concern of every true and patriotic Czech. The idea to call the meeting 
originated with Mr. F. J. Adam, grand secretary of the Roman Catholic First 
Central Union. He conceived the idea of concerted Catholic action within a 
day or two after the official announcement of the new bond issue. 

At the meeting there were represented: Catholic Foresters, Catholic Working- 
men, Catholic Sokol societies, the Union of American Women, the women's bi^anch 
of Catholic Foresters, and the Czech Catholic press (by Mr. Val. Eohlbek). 




I G - 2 - BOHEaHAN 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1917. 

Mr, Adam and Mr, Straka were the principal speakers. Both pointed repeatedly 

to the necessity of doing one's duty Messrs. Kopecky of the Lawndale State 

Bank and W. F. Kosobud of the American State Bank also spoke 




I G BOHELIIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 11, 1917. 

THE LIBERTY LOM 

(Suinmary of Editorial) 

"It is an old sayinf^ that there are three things needed to carry on a war: 
money, then again money, and finally money. We all can see today that this 
is true. For the second time Uncle Sam is asking us to lend him money. The 
nev/ Liberty Loan is a demand for money so that the enormous expenses for the 
Army emd Navy can be defrayed. The Liberty bond is a direct promise by the 
United States Government to pay back the money in gold after a certain 
time " 

^translator's note: Detailed explanations about the advantages and security 
offered in the Liberty bonds are given_^ 




I G BOHSJvIIAN 

III B 2 

III K Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 10, 1917. 

IV 

TrE FIGHT FOR IinDSPSITDiillCE 
Czechoslovak Chicago Should Show Its Preparedness 

The Czechoslovak nation in our old homeland has made the step from manifesta- 
tions and declarations to direct action. Up to the present the Czechoslovaks 
have shown armed resistance only beyond the borders of the Dual Monarchy. 
They have been fighting in xmits or individually on various fronts on the side 
of the Allied nations. They were stationed on all fronts where war vjas being 
waged and fought under foreign command. 

There were uprisings in Czechoslovak lands last August which \inited all strata 
of the people, especially the working class. The Czechoslovak brigade fought 
for the Allies. All of these elements will now be directed by the Cesko- 
Slovenska Narodni Rada (Czechoslovak National Council), thus forming one great 
body with which to confront the Austro-German coalition. 

All Czechoslovaks, whether in Europe, in America, or various colonies all over 
the world, have become convinced that our people must be recognized as an 




I G - 2 - BOHSfJAII 

III 3 2 

III H Denni lilasatel . Oct. 10, 1917. 

IV 




independent people with the same rights as others have. Only then v/iil,^, 
we v;in the necessary position bei'ore the forum of the v;orld at the time when 
the povjers befin to discuss the conditions of peace and the question of the in- 
dependence of our old homeland. 

Until that moment Gzeciioslovaks must suov; that they have alwr^ys been ready to 
sacrifice their property and their lives for t-he cause. 

The Czechoslovak National Council has issued a p3X)clamation for a general 
mobilization of all our people. The duties of the Czechoslovak people are 
before us, clear and obvious I 

There v;as a mass meeting of the Czechoslovaks in llew York at which the mayor 
of that city, the representative of the Jrench govemr:ient, Franklin Bouillon, and 
Dr. Lilan H. Stefanik /a Slovak/, representative of the Czechoslovak ITational Coun- 
cil, spoke. It is up to Czechoslovak Chicago to attest to its loyalty to the cause 
of the old homeland. The Czechoslovak Committee (representatives of the Czech 



I G - 3 - BOHSiaAN 

III B 2 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 10, 1917. 

IV 

National Alliance, the National Alliance of Czech Catholics, and the 
Slovak League) and the Czech and Slovak Sokol societies are ceilling on all 
true Czechs and Slovaks to appear at the mass meeting which will be held on 
October 14, 1917, in the auditorium of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs, 2619 South Lawn- 
dale Avenue. Dr. Milan Sastislav Stefanik, Slovak commander- of an aeronautic 
division of the French array and vice-president of the Czechoslovak National 
Council, will speak. Other speakers will be: Dr. Ludwig J. Fisher, chairman of 
the executive committee of the Czech National Alliance; Karel Pergler, vice- 
chaiiman of the central committee of the Czech National Alliance and director of 
the Slav Press Bureau in New York; Joseph Tvrzicky, secretary of the central 
committee of the Czech National Alliance. They will speak on the struggle for 
independence of Czechoslovak lands; on the Czech army in France; and on the 
duties of the Czechs and Slovaks of America, 

Czechs and Slovaks I The decisive moment for the liberation of Czech and 
Slovak lands is drawing near. Oxir people, groaning under century-old bondage, 
have taken up aims to fight together with other enslaved small nations who 




I Qt - 4 - BCiS2.JAIT 

II B 2 

III H Ijenni Klasatel . Oct. 10, 191V. 
IV 

are struggling for liberation f roin Cieiroan-liungarian tyrann/. rhey /o 

will stand shouller to shoulder v;ith the allies, loyal, undaiinted fighters 
for their rijyits and for deciocracy and justice. 




ITiis must become a figlit to the bitter end I It 
ly and courageously. Let our mass i.^eeting show 
stand up loyally for the principle of democracy 
the maturity attained by politiCLil education of 
States, vjill warrant the protection which our 1 
democracy, and that Ozecho-i..oravia and olovakia 
holds of democracy I 



must be carried on determined- 
that all Czechs and -ilovaks 

Let this meeting shov; that 
the Ozechoslovaks in the United 
iberated nation will secure for 
v;ill be the staunchest strong- 



Therefore, let the meeting become a telling proof of our devotion to the cause 
of a imited Czechoslovak nation. Let the meeting show that Czechoslovak Chicago 
is the largest trans-oceanic colony, not only in number, but in sentiment as 
well! 



I G B^EMIAN 

Derini Hlasatel . oct. 10, 1917. 

£IaR PROFiTSoJI^ 

(iiditorial) 

Among the human hyenas we rnay count those who try to get rich from the v;ar. 
They want to profit by the misery of their fellow beings, indeed, by the 
distress of the whole nation. This is the worst sin, the nost dastardly 
crime imaginable, /d.tiiOugh other delinquents are punished, these evil-doers 
escape unchastened. If other people vjould look upon these individuals v;ith 
disdain and would refuse to associate v;ith them, perhaps that would partly 
satisfy the dentands of justice. 




I G 



BOHEMIAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 10, 1917. 

^AR bonds/ 

(Editorial) 

The mere babbling of patriotic phrases does not count nov;. Do not believe 
a man who tells you that he is a true Czech but does not contribute to our 
cause. If a man brags about his -American patriotism but does not buy a 
single bond, even though he is financially able to do so, he is nothing but 
a bag of lies. 




I G BOHMIAN 

III D 

Dennl Elasatel , Oct. 9, 1917, 

fk DUTY TO OUR BOIS/ 

(Editorial) 

Let us not forget our boys in the training camps. Let us write to them as 
often as possible. Nothing can give them more joy than word from home. The 
letters should contain news that will cheer them vp. Send them good news 
only, even if you must force yourself to do so. 

Our old proverb, "Military life is a gay life,** may be true to a certain ex- 
tent; yet it is necessary to keep our boys in as pleasant a mood as possible. 



" m. 



I G BOHEIOAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 8, 1917. 

A SHINING EXAIS'LS OF PATRIOTISM 

The Czech picture card club Letem-Svetem (Round the World) has only three 
hiindred members and $200 in the treasury, yet it appropriated $150 for the 
purchase of Liberty bonds. The members pay only ten cents per month in dues, 
but everyone pledged to buy one bond. The sum of the individual purchases 
will thus amount to $15,000. Mr. J. Pavloff , the president of the club, was 
one of the speakers for the war loan. 




I G boe::l:i»n 

II B 2 d (1) 

IV Denni Hlasutel . Oct, 6, 1917, 

CZECEi DO TH3IH DUTY 
Organize to Push Sale of V.'ar Bonds 

(Summary) 

There v/as a meeting held in the hall of the Lavmdale National Bank, Lawndale 
and Turner Avenues, last night, in which some of our foremost Chicago Czech 
tellov! citizens took part. An organization was formed to stimulate the sale 
of Liberty bonds and prove that Czechs are real American patriots, determined 
to see the United States victorious over the rabid Germana. The meeting was 
called by .nnton J, Cermak v/ho represents the G^sechs in the coirmittee composed 
of men of immigrant stock. This group v;ill push the bond sales anong the 
immigrants in Chicago. After Ur. Cermak* s explanation of the purpose of the 
meeting, various committees v/ere appointed. The executive committee consists 
of Joseph A. Holpuch, chairman, and Messrs. Karel Janovsky, Rudolph Schlesinger, 
Otto Kerner, Frank x-etru, Charles B, Pavlicek, ii^ank ^am. Christian R. V^alleck, 
Joseph C. Kostner, V. Stepina, Joseph Uhlif, judge of the municipal court, 
Joseph Triner, J. adelraan, John Jedlan, smd otorkan. The speakers' committee ij 



,o WW. f 



I G 

II B 
IV 



2 d (1) 



2 



B0H2I>ILU^ 



Dennf Elasatel. Oct. 6, 1917. 



under the direction of I.Ir. V.', K. Pflatun and V-r, Joseph Bolek. IJessrs. John 
L, TTovak and Joseph Jandu are headin.:^. the coraiiittee v;hich is to urr^e our 
Czech aid societies and other monetary institutions to invest part of their 
funds in the Liberty Loan. Aldenaen 0. Kerner and John Toman are the 
directing minds of the committee which v.-ill approach Czech industrialists. 
The publicity committee is headed by Reverend V. Vanek, chairman, and 
Dr. Jar. F. Smetanka, secretary'-. Other members are .-i, J. Eavranek for the 
Denni Hlasatel , tir. Krasny for Svomost , Llr. Kraus for Narod, and lilr. Novak 
for Spravedlnost . A committee v/hich is to v/ork particularly on the South 
Side, in the district called To.vn of Lake, consists of Messrs. Charles 
Janovsky, V. Calek, and H. cichlesinger. Liessrs. otepina and ?, G, Hajicek 
and their coi.imittee v;ill v/ork aimong bankers and their clients. Orders, 
lodges, clubs, aid and other societies will be addressed by members of a 
committee of which Joseph Smejkal is the chairman and Frank .idam, secretary; 
other members are I'x, Pavlicek, Joseph otraka, V. Basta, Dr. Pecival, 
Dr. Anton Iviueller, and .^ton J. Ceriiiak. Czech shopkeepers will be visited 
by Messrs. Dvorak and Strauss and their conuiittee. School children v\,'ill 
be instructed in hov/ to inform tneir parents about the advantages offered 



I G - 3 - BOHS.:rJT 

II B 2 d (1) 

IV Demil Hlasatel . Oct. 6, 1917, 

by the Liberty Loan, This will be done by a cormittee consisting of Messrs, 
Uhlif, Holpuch, Krai, Nigrin, Lunak, Fucik, and Professor Jar, Znrhal, 

A "flying squadron" of tv;elve men will be formed; this group will v^rork from 
house to house. Only especially lively and energetic people should belong 
to this group, for a great deal depends upon their acconplishments. The 
campaign ends October 27, leaving only about three weeks to reach the quota. 



•uj 



o \ 



'- m. 

<ot 



I G 
IV 



BOHEMIAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 5, 1917. 

TO INCREAS3 BOND SAL3S 

( Summary ) 

The purchase of the new V/ar Bonds is progressing slowly It will be necessary 

to stir the people into livelier activity The immigrant committee for the 

promotion of bond sales is meeting in the Rookery Building. Anton J, Cermak 
represents the Czechs. 




I G 

II D 10 
II B i 



BOHSI;!IAN 



Denni Hlasatel. Oct. 5, 1917, 



SOKOLS BUY BOIIDS 



( Summary ) 



The Sokol Slavsky was one of the first to apply for war bonds. In the last 
meeting a motion was passed to buy -1,500 worth, /m amount of $50 was appro- 
priated for the wounded soldiers in France, and every member was ordered to 
join the Red Cross. 




I g 30HS?.!IA1T 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 4, 1917, 

SAVING FOOD 

(Simmary of iSditorial) 

"The National Food Administration has be.Q;un a campaign to mobilize the entire 
population of this country for the purpose of conserving food, in order that 
it may be adequately supplied to tho United States Army and Navy and also to 
the Allied nations,". .. .Svery /unerican will be asked to join a voluntary 
national organization whose aim is to aid in the successful prosecution of the 

war There are no laws which regulate the consumption of food — that would 

mean autocracy. Every good American should join voluntarily 




III H 

Denni Hlasatel, Oct. J, 1S17, 

/lHABRlORS FOR THS CAIJSE_7 
(Editorial) 

Almost every member of the Beseda (Club) Fric who is not bound to serve in 
Uncle Sam*s itmy 6r Navy v/ill join the French .Ariiiy in order to help in the 
conquest of that murderer, the German, This is an example of ohe purest and 
most sacrificing patriotism, if these members joined the United States .^^rmy, 
they would not be sure that they v;ould meet the Teuton face to face, for some 
military units will have to remain in this country. If, on the other hand, 
they join the Czech nrr,xy in France, they will have a chcjice to fight and to 
die for v;hat is most sacred to every Czech heart und for v;hat our new hoiiBland 
is fighting. The Beseda 5^ic has accora^^jlished very much in these times for the 
Czech people, Czech soldiers, and Czech prisoners. This club is now crowning 
its vvoric in l-he most splendid manner. Oh, how v/e vvish that there were more 
such sturdy lads among Chicago Czechs to enlist for Fi-ance, since they are not 
bound to serve in Uncle Sam*s Arrayl iiVe wish that there .vere himdreds and 

thousands of themj '""lUBii 

r(.r.M. 



I G 30TT!iMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 3, 1917. 

/our y/ARTIME duties/ 

(Editorial) 

Everyone must be in his place; everyone must do his duty. The child, the boy 
and girl, the husband and wife, old man and old woman: each must stand up in 
this critical time and take upon himself the burden which the just war we are 
pursuing now has placed upon our shoulders. Everyone must work for an early 
and complete victory. Even the most convinced protagonist of peace must take 
part in this patriotic work, for only when all the American people step in as 
one man and exert their powers, only then this terrible war will end and peace 
will reign. Today we should not speak of peace, but of war and victory only. 
When we have won the war and attained victory, we will have a peace which will 
be a boon for all humanity. It will be a permanent peace, founded upon the 
principles of liberty and the rights of all peoples. 




I G BOHS.UAI? 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 3, 1917. 

j^IBiffiTY bonds/ 

(Zditorial) 

Every dollar spent for the V/ar Loan will be another log of wood for the stake 
upon which German militarism, Prussian autocracy, and Prussian spirit will be 
burned so that they cannot menace the world any longer. 5^very dollar will 
perform the most meritorious work. Do not, therefore, allow a single dollar 
at your disposal to remain idle and thus be kept from its laudable destination. 




I i? 5 ~~ — 

^^"^ ^ Denni Hlasatel , ^ept. 30, 1917. 

ALD^RLLil^' KOSTIER .i GAt^iil^J 

(Summary ) 

Joseph 0. Kostner, alderman of the predominantly Czech Thirty-fourth ard, 
was sv;om in as captain in the United otates .irmy yesteraay morning. 
Federal Judge Alshuler ud.'ninistered the oath. Alderman Kostner' s excellent 
knowledge of military drill brou-^ht about his appointment to the .jrmy from 
V.ashington, D. G« 

Mr. i\x)stner is going to discharge his aldermc-nic duties until the time v.hen 
he is called for actual service, v.hich is expected to be in about one month. 
For a time his colleague, alderman John Toman, will take over his duties. 
Llr. Kostner intends to send in his resignation as alderman somev-hat later 
so that his successor may have time enough to make preparations for the 
election. 



/. 




(- m si 



>«/ 



I G BOHEJilAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept, 25, 1917. 

FOR IHB SECOND LIBERTY LOAN 

(Summary) 

Representatives of foreign language groups gathered in the Sherman Hotel 
last night to discuss the ways and means for the opening of a campaign to 
stimulate the sale of the new war bonds. Newspapermen and heads of various 

societies and clubs were predominant A committee was formed from all 

nationalistic groups (Anton J, Cerraak representing the Czechs) which will 
work out the details, 

• ,,.We are certain that all Czechs will take £in active interest in this 
action 



.C^ 



c^ 




I G 
III H 



B0IE2iIIAII 




Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1917, 

IVHAT IS ASIGD OF US BY OUR PEOPLS 
(From the Press Bureau of the Czech National Alliance) 

(Summary) 

"We can say today with absolute certainty that the magnificent movement 
for Czech independence which has spread through all strata of the Czech 
people and has dealt a telling blow to Austria-Hungary would not have 
been possible if the Czechoslovak Council led by Prof. T. G. Masaryk and 
aided effectively by the confidence, work, and sacrifices of Czech and 
Slovak immigrants had not, in that memorable note of January 10, 1917, 
won the solemn promise fran the Allies — the promise of the liberation of 
Czech lands*"..*. , 

The question of what we can do to bring victory within our reach is answered 
in the words of Doctor Kramdf who was imprisoned by Austria for his patri- 



I G 
III H 



— *5 • 



BOHELIIiaT 



Dennl Hlasatel. Sept. 15, 1917. 



otic convictions: "V/e must sacrifice our peace and our lives for our 
principles." Professor Masaryk said recently, "Our duty demands the 
recruiting of as many Czeclioslovak soldiers and as big an airoy as 
possible."..,. ^ 




I G bo;^.ii-;n 

III H 

Dermi^ Hla/sat el , -Jept. 14, 1917. 

oivr.:;j?D to thj: coLioi'isi 

(3ui!U.iary) 

A liuge nass neetine is goinc to be held at the Goliseui:! tonight. -•. largo 
nunber of tho people of this city vail be there to protest against the 

pro-Geman tendencies of the present city adnini strati on Our great 

Republic is at war for the rights of the snail nations 

-J.1 Czechs and .ilovalrs should appear; ... .our wonen should cone in national 

costuirias V-e Czechs and Jlovaks are being relied upon to do our duty, 

just like other nationalities Our senti:;ient is loiovm, yet v/e should 

attest to it again tonight 




Dennf Hlasatel . Sept. 13, 1917. 
GOVERNMENT BONDS 
(Editorial — Siunmary ) 

New government bonds bearing a higher rate of interest than before will 
be issued within a short time. They will be assessed as personal property. 
Small investments are not touched by this tarcation so that the man of 
smaller means is going to profit by the higher interest rates,. ••• 

The last issue of war bonds was oversubscribed so that many were unable 
to purchase them. The American people stand behind the government; they 
are ready for sacrifices and the fulfillment of their duties. Buying bonds is 
one of them. 





i 

I G BOIBMIaN 

Denni HLasatel. Sept. 7, 1917. 
SHORTSIGHTED ST.-^TSSMANSHIP 

{ Editorial — Suiraaary) 

The demand of the National Defense Council made upon President V/ilson 
that he also declare war upon iiustria and its allies, Bulgaria and Turkey, 
is timely. The reasons the Council is advancing are irrefutable and are 
in complete accord with what we think necessary to abolish completely the 
dual-monarchy and its system of bureaucracies, militarism, arbitrariness, 
and tyranny •.••• 

It is a little-known fact, but one of the utmost concern to us, that the 
possibility of a separate peace between the /J.lies and Austria is hovering 
menacingly above us; and the fact that a peace has not been concluded up 
to this time is to be ascribed solely to the blindness and stupidity of 
Austrian leaders who are still reluctant to grasp the opportunity 



I G - 2 - BOHaiL^N 

Dennl Hlasatel. dept. 7, 1917, 




This separate peace wotild be tantaraovr''- to a silent admission that the 
Allies' war aims are directed only toward the removal of Germany as a 
dangerous competitor in commerce and not toward the establishment of 
democracy 

In the note which President V»ilson sent in answer to the Pope's peace 
proposals, there is a passage which may well enough disturb the peace of 
mind of the small nations, for it speaks of 'the undesirability of divid- 
ing the state* • If Austria is meant, then the danger of its preservation 
is becoming increasingly acute, commensurate with the growing influence 
of the United States in the Allied council. •...The National Defense Coun- 
cil's warning comes at the proper time. 



I G BOHSML\N 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 5, 1917 • 

CZECH 30LDI2RS 
(Sdi t orial~3uraniary ) 

Thousands of Czech families will soon have to part with their sons, life 
feel the painful throb in a mother's heart... .but her son is going to 
fight for a cause dear to Czechs and i^ericans alike. Just let her think 
of Czech mothers in the old homeland who must sacrifice their sons and 
see them slaughtered for the benefit of Austria, which is bent upon mur- 
dering and destroying our people 




Dennl Hlasatel . Sept. 1, 1917. 

^RSSIDSNT 7n:LS0N»S PHOCLM'IA.TION AGAINST Gm¥J^M/ 

(Editorial) 

The "ideas which guided President V/ilson in his proclamation against Germany, 
and which he emphasized in his answer to the Pope*s peace proposals, do not 
represent simply a performance of official routine business. "They are docu- 
ments to wrtiich a great historic significance v/ill be attached. Nobody can 
read Lincoln's Gettysburg address without feeling deeply moved. The manly 
attitude taken by President Wilson will evoke the same emotions. 'Vilson's 
greatness as peace-president becomes towering now in v/artime. 




I G BOHanAN 

Penal Hlasatel . Sept. 1, 1917. 

/PRaSIDH^JT 7n:LS0N»S PROCL/J^'iATION AGAINST GSRT.^ANY/ 

(Editorial) 

The "ideas \irtiich guided President V/ilson in his proclamation against Germany, 
and which he emphasized in his answer to the Pope*s peace proposals, do not 
represent simply a performance of official routine business. "They are docu- 
ments to which a great historic significance v/ill be attached. Nobody can 
read Lincoln's Gettysburg address without feeling deeply moved. The manly 
attitude taken by President Wilson will evoke the same emotions, Wilson's 
greatness as peace-president becomes towering novj in wartime. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

I C Denni Illasatel , nug. 29, 1917, 

fl CiiLL J"X)H JLaJb/ 
(Editorial) 

Moaning cries for help are reaching us from our Czech brethren who are 
fighting in the ranks of the ij^ench army, in whose service they enlisted 
as volunteers to prove their attachment for the Erench nation, and to 
help destroy the murderers of our nation, the Germans. The majority of 
the Czech legionnaires are dead now. But those men fell, convinced that 
their dear old motherland would be liberated. They might be considered 
luclcy in comparison to those who were wounded only, and are now exposed 
to direst misery. Not being French citizens, and not considered soldiers 
of the regular French /irmy, they are not entitled to state aid. 3ven had 
France tried to come to their succor, the French republic could not do so, /' 
as it had the enormous problem on hand of taking care of its own men. 
There are many Czech families in France who have lost their breadv;^inners 
on the battlefields. These poor fellow- coimtryraen are nov; destitute, and 



W.Pi. 



I G - 2 - • BOHai-'IAN 

III H 

I Dennf Hlasatel. Aug. 29, 1917. 

need quick and effective relief. V-lio ought to be the first to extend a 
helping hand to them if not the Czechs in the United states I 

IVe have heard many of our fellovz-coTintrymen say that they v;ould be v;illing 
to contribute if direct aid v/ere needed for our soldiers. They reiterated 
their assurance v;hen they were approached by the Czech National i\lliance, 
which is in charge of the relief movement. Those people have an opportvinity 
now to help the most deserving and the best sons of our nation, those who 
have become the most pitied after they had fought for the interests of 
mankind. Come to their aid q.uickly, and with all in your powerl 




I G 
III D 
I C 
17 



BOKEI.'IIAN 



Dennf Hlasatel . Aug. 25, 1917 • 
CZ3CHS Hv THE i^.IY 

(Sumnary) 

At this time vdien the recruiting stations are completing their v/ork, a 
report regarding the stations located in predominantly Czech districts 
may be opportune. 



Recruiting division nxomber eighty-three is almost e:xclusively managed 
by Czech-Americans. The chairman of its recruiting commission is 
Anton Vaiiek, v/ell-known businessman living in the district called 
Czech California. The clerk, Anton Hazira, and the physician. Doctor 
2abokrtsky, also are Czechs, Three assisting physicians belong to 
the same nationality. The division covers the southern part of the 
Twenty-Fourth »Vard, which was to yield 306 men to the Army as the 
first quota. These were drawn from 1,690 registered men.' Of the 




I G - 2 - bohe:.:ian 

III D 

I C • Denni Hlasatel , /oig. 25, 1917. 
17 

first 600 men examined, 114 were found fit; none of them asked exemption • 
• • • • Of the total number of men called before the commission, seven 
per cent claimed exemption* 




I G BQHEI.IIAN 

II 3 3 

III D Denni Hlasatel . July 29, 1917. 

FROIi SOKOL IUVLIC32K-TYRS 

by 

J, R, Jirgl, Secretary 

In order to defend our honor and good reputation, we wish to inform the 
Czech public about the most recent events in regard to our boys v/ho 
volunteered for service in the United otates fighting force. 

Private individuals have received letters lately in which Czech volunteers 
who do not belong to our organization make accusations against volunteers 
who are members of Sokol Kavlicek-Tyrs. In these violent attacks those 
men use language unfit to print. As vre fear that the slurs contained in 
these letters might damage our reputation and place our organization in a 
distinctly xmfavorable light, we entreat the Czech public to give the issue 
some thought and reduce the accusations to their proper value. It is our 
intention to present an outline of the apparent causes which aroused the 
v/rath of the writers of said letters: 



m. 



I G - 2 - BOHBKJUUT 

II B 3 

Hi D Denni lUasatel . July 29, 1917. 

In our sincere effort to make life in the Ariiiy more ' endurable , we decided 
to arrange a theatrical performance on Llay 20 of this year, the proceeds 
of which were to benefit our boys, './hat has been done in this direction 
up to the present was possible only through the goodheartedness of our 
people. 

A committee v/as hard at v/ork publicizing the event. The cast consisted of 
amateur actors who v/illingly lent their time and energy to the good cause. 
They were given the tlianks of the committee; the latter then published an 
account of the financial results of the performance, which netted eighty- 
three dollars. Judging from tliis figure, one may form an opinion about the 
size of the audience. It was pitifully siaall and consisted almost exclusively 
of members of the ookol Ilavlicek-Tyrs organization. They had come gladly 
to do their bit for thirty-five volunteers who v;ere members of our organiza- 
tion, who were among the first to tal:e up arms for Uncle Sam; and most 
of v/hon vrere without relatives or friends to remember them, i/e decided to 
spend the proceeds for the benefit of our members only, because the other 



U/ 



^n. 



I G 

II B 3 

III D 



- 3 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . July 29, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



organizations did not respond to our wortliy cause. There were organizations 
that refused to buy even one single ticket, and individuals did not make 
any better showing. 

Added to the small proceeds of the theatrical performance were a few pennies 
contributed by friends, so that each of the thirty- five volunteers received 
two dollars and fifty cents. As the authorized writer of these lines, I 
declare that this is no time for petty grievances to be vented in insult- 
ing letters* It is to be hoped that the baseless accusations will cease, 
and that our boys will march in perfect accord towards their goal. 




BOHEMIAN 

Denni HlaaateX. July 29, 1917. 

FROM TBE BESEDA FRSSL 

The Narodnl Soeiallsticka Delnicka Beseda ?resl (National Socialist Working- 
B«xi*8 Club ?3resl) is deeply interested in the mental recreation provided for 
our boys in caiq>8 or trenches* Every sheet or hews or page of literature is 
eagerly accepted and greatly appreciated by soldiers far away from their 
homes* The Czech public is requested to leave newspapers, magazines, or 
books, already perused by them, in these substations: Andelova Kavama 
(Andel*s Cafe), 1651 Blue Island Avenue; Anton Podlipny, 1829 South Ihroop Street; 
Frank Masa, 1834 South May Street; and others. 




I G BOHFJJTAN 

I F 3 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 27, 1917. 

(Sditorial) 

It is constantly being recommended to the people that they refrain from 
eating meat on two days each week. This is based on the fact that the 
measure would bring about lower food prices. If only Congress would set 
aside two days for sessions to act, and not to talk, there would be a great 
improvement. The people would await the arrival of food control and other 
important laws more patiently. 

Meatless days will arrive, however, long before the moment when congressmen 
have grasped the fact that they are sent to Washington not to ezcel exclu- 
sively in talking. 




I G BOimTIAN 

Deanl Hlasatel , July 27, 1917. 

^OMS gardens/ 

(Editorial) 

The agitation to induce people to grow vegetables on empty patches of land 
around their houses has met with unqualified success. This system has been 
recommended by the United States Government chiefly as a war measure. It 
offers more advantages to the people than were originally expected. Working 
in the fresh air is a healthful occupation, especially for townspeople. The 
amount of money saved by this heme industry is estimated to be many millions 
of dollars. A Government commission places the value of these home gardens 
at $350,000,000. Beside the savings of the home gardeners, the general pub- 
lic profits by the enforced reduction of vegetable prices. 




I G BOin?.^IAIJ 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel , Julv 26, 1917. 

^//SPAPSR censorship/ 

{Fro:n the Press Bureau of the 

Czech National Alliance and the 

National Alliance of Czech 

Catholics, Chicago, Illinois.) 

(Summary) 

"Since the outbreak of the revolution in Russia, censorship in Austria has 
slackened in rigor, although not conspicuously. The proclamation of the 
Czech men of letters, and the energetic protests from the Czech members 
of the Austrian Parliament, have instilled new confidence and spirit of 
self-assertion into the Czech people and the Czech press. The result is 
the frequent publication of news items which formerly would not have had 
the slightest chsince to appear in print. The author of a story of the 
kind published only recently would have trembled in fear of punishment for 




I g - 2 - 30E3i':ii^j 

Dennl Hlasatel . July 25, 1917. 

merely having written it, not to speak of having it printed. One newspaper 
editor, in a recent issue, ridiculed with unmitigated diabolic humor the 
Germanizing efforts of the Austrian government. 




I G 



BOILiJ^IlAN 



Denni Hlasatel . July 25, 1917. 

/gski-jts ;jro the v;ar7 

(Summarized editorial) 

The Germans started the v/ar just three years ago. They did it for two 
reasons: first, to Germanize entire Central Europe, and second, to open 
trade routes to Asia. German nationalism and capitalism alike immediately 
started out with a terrible massacre, the end of v;hich is not yet in sight. 
The Germans made a wrong guess, for they shall not reach either of their 
two goals. The war has aivakened the national sentiments of the Slavonic 
people in Austria, even of those who had seemed resigned and beaten 
down. The Germans and the Hungarians are now attempting to keep the 
system of their unsound rule intact, a vain effort even if Austria should 
survive. Mammon, the idol of the Germans, will also be poorly served, 
for most countries have assumed a hostile attitude toward the Germans on 
account of the atrocities committed. It will take a long time for the 
hostile countries to enter into friendly business relations with the 
Germans again. The doors of all countries will be closed to the Germans, 
and their goods will be boycotted. German offers shall be rejected, even 




I G 



- 2 - 



30iiiI.IL\W 



Denni Hlasatel . July 25, 1917. 

if their articles are thrown on the r-arket at prices lower than a coolie 
wovild ask. The German businessman was once welcome; after our experiences 
in the war, hov;ever, he shall be looked dovm upon as a spy, and every means 
shall be employed to get rid of him. 

During this war, the sillied countries have learned the methods by which 
German industry gained possession of the world's markets; they v/ill be in 
a position successfully to conpete after peace has been declared. German 
culture, German science — all this has lost its value during the war, for 
it has been foxind to be nothing but gold foil covering the v;orst barbarism. 

Taking all tliis into consideration, Germany is sure to lose the war even 
if her militarism should save her from utter defeat. Instead of poxver, 
glory, and wealth, the Germans shall reap only disdain and sufferings. 




I G 30H2MLJT 

III G 

Dennf Hlasatel. July 25, 1917. 

^UTIES OF I!i:iIGRAICTd7 

(Editorial) 

Inmigrants in -nnierica have always striven for equal rights with the na- 
tive Americans, 3qual ri^Ms call for equal obligations and duties. 
For this reason, imnisrants must he ready to mal-e the sacrifices the 
war daicnds of them as well as of the othtr inhabitants of this country. 
If they conspired to shirk these duties, or even to give aid and comfort 
to the ener.iy, they "would automatically hand a v/eapon to him v^hich he 
would wield for a long tine, even after the v;ar. 




I G 
III H 



BoiEi.:r^ 



Denni Hlasatcl. July 25, 1917. 



AUSTRLATT B^STLiLITY 
From the Press Bureau of the Czech National -:J.liance and the 

Alliance of Czech Catholics 

(ounnury) 



"Four main protests from Czech representatives in the .^.ustrian parlia- 
ment penetrated into countries beyond the borders of the Dual Llonarchy. 
They v;ere aimed at the horrible butchering and torturing of Czechs 
antagonistic to the Austrian goveriunent , and of all other victims of 
Austrian bestiality.. •.." 

tiany more interpellations were filed by Czech representatives in Parlia- 
ment. Only the protests alluded to above, x^ith atrocities mentioned in 
detail, were printed in the Vienna papers, from v;hence they found their 
way into the Czech press. Others, going into minute detail, were not 







III II 

Denni IIl?.satel. July ;":j, l-l?, 
ullor;ed to appear in print. 

The dctailn of the protjsts aononstrate to v.hat lii.iits of inhumanity the 
.iustrian -overiLTLent can ^o, and hov; it is seconded in its ravin~s by His 
Lajesty, -iriperor Carl, vustria has lost the ri^;ht to exist. 




Dennl Hlaaatel , July 24, 1917. 

ET^RYOIC: 3H0L1.D KSEP HIS PLi^CS 

(Summarized editorial) 

In such critical times as these, it is absolutely necessai^ that everyone 
be mindful of his duty, that everyone take the place assigned to him, so 
that a victorious result may bring us a larjtin^ peace. In the fi-rst 
place, this concerns all men between the ages of tv;enty-one and thirty, 
who are, by act of Congress, to enter the United States .-irmy and Navy, 
to" defeat the enemy#.«.« 

Uncle Sam is nov/ taking determined action in the most L'Jiportant prepa- 
rations, A gigantic draft has been established, from which our men 
drew numbers last J^iday; this v;ill automatically place them on the list 
of recruits. 




I G - 2 - B0E3IdLAIT 

III D 

Dennl Hlasatel. July 24, 1917. 

The establishrasnt of this draft is a historical event of great Liiportance, 
for this system of recruiting eliminates the question of wealth, and leaves 
the fate of hundreds of thousands of men in the hands of pure chance. It 
has been used in other countries, at times, but nov/iiere has it achieved 
such magnitude as it has in the United Jtates. 

The business of the draft v;as carried out under the strictest super-;^i- 
sion of our government officials, and in the most just, indiscriminating 
manner. Not the sligiitest suspicion could arise, of any advantage offered 
to certain select classes of the people..... 

It v;ould not correspond v/ith the true state of affairs if we contended 
that every man among those who drew a number from the first two thousand 
is elated over the chance immediately to serve in Uncle 3am* s army. The 
first registrations have already made it clear that large numbers of men 




I Q - 3 - BOEailAN 

III D 

Denni laasatel. J\ilj 24, 1S17. 

are putting in claims for exemption. In general, however, everyone seems 
satisfied by the certainty of either bein>r one of the first in the -J^my, 
or not; in the latter case, he ..lay remain in his present sphere somewhat 
longer. 

It v;ould be advisable for objectors to ask themselves tv;ice if their 
health mi.^ht really suffer by service in the -irciy, or if their dependents 
would be deprived of their breadv;inners. In doing so they would reveal 
their true convictions in regard to genuine ijnerican patriotism, •••• 

For a long time, Merica fought with tooth and nail against becoming a 
militarized power. There was no possibility of dodging the issue. Du- 
ties toward mankind and tov/ard .%nerica itself loomed up as compelling 
forces. Our country would not suffer the unheard-of crimes perpetrated 
by the Germans to go unpunished. It could not tolerate a Prussia 




I G - 4 - BCHJiL^JT 

III D 

Dennf Hlasatel . July 24, 1917, 

triumphant. It must do everything to down Prussian militarism and put an 
end to the terrible massacre..... We shall have a strong army; at home, 
however, everyone is expected to contribute to the good cause. V.e mean 
farmer s,v7orkmen, businessir..en, all of v/hom should help, so that the strength 
of the United States shall be visible to the entire v;orld, and, consequently, 
respected and even feared. 

The peace which will result from our efforts shall surely be worth the 
sacrifices made by us. 




I G 
III H 



BC)EHi:rjj 



Denni Hlasatel , Jxily 23, 1&17. 



KO PEAC3 POSSIBLE VJITH .vUiiTPX. 
From the Press Bureau of the Czech I.ational rxlliance and the 
Alliance of Czech Catholics, with Headquc.rters in Chicago 

(Sumnary) 

"The day of Llay 50, 1917, v/ill forever be reiieiihered as the day on v/hich 
the Czech nenbers of the Austrian Parliament, after three years of si- 
lence, put into v;ords what our nation had felt since the beginning of the 
V/orld V/ar, The Parlitonent shook under the iiiipact of the turbulent mani- 
festations of the Czech and olovalc representatives, Tlie Prime Minister 
made vain attempts to dissuaae Representative Stanek from demanding Czech 
state right ti, which demand the re-establishment of the Czech state in 
union with Slovakia, iill the Czech representatives joined in the call, 
unflinching, unafraid of threats. The stem declaration by the Prime 
Minister that the clamor of the Czechs was tantamoxmt to treason, proved 



O 

o.i 



I G - 2 - B0Kn.lLJ7 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel, July 23, 1917. 

equally futile," :§ 

Scenes in Czech cities during the uprising, and general conditions in i^ 
-i,ustria are described. f^ 

-TO 
PO 




Dennf Hlasatel . July 10, 1917. 

^CIVILIANS* R2C0RD V3 PATRIOTIC DUT^ 

(Editorial— Summary) 

Captain Kenney, United States Army, chief recruiting officer of the 
Chicago area, was indignant about a suggestion made by Josef Simai, warden 
of the Bridewell. The latter proposes to set free those inmates who are 
willing to enlist for service in the Army or Navy. 

There are tv;o ways to look at this question. Many a young man v/as im- 
fortunate enough to land in the '*V<orldiouse" to atone for a minor offense. 
V.e can see no harm in his presence in the Army. On the other hand, it 
might mean a salubrious experience for some worse offender to go through 
the rigorous drills and regulations of the military service. The service 
is the main thing, the soldier's civiliem record is of secondary importance. 
Several judges of the Municipal and Criminal Courts have made it a practice 



A 



I G - 2 - B0K2LIIAN 

II S 2 

III D Dennf Hlasatel , Jxily 10, 1917. 

to let off defendants if they promised to enlist. 

One man, who Joined the ITavy in the manner described above, lost his life 
in Vera Cruz. His body was brought back with an imposing display of 
military pomp. Civilian authorities took part in the funeral. Nobody 
bothered about the dead man's record. 



I 
/ 




I G 



30!C2.:iAN 



Dennl I^asatel . July 4, 1917. 

/pUR PATRICTIC DUT^ 

(3ditorial) 

Those contributing to the Red Cross should not think they are bestowing a 
favor, or giving alms, iivsry gift constitutes only a proof that we have 
fulfilled a patriotic duty. 




I G 
III B 2 



3CK::i.:Ii^N 



Denni lUasatel, July 1, 1917, 
NO CZ3CH OLD o2TTLS33» PICI.'IG 'IIIIJ Yi::JR 



In consideration of the portentous problems facin~ our nation the annual 
Czech Clu Jettlers' picnic •.;ill be diopcnaGd •.•ith thi^ jsixt, 

rf. contribution of ,;25 for the Czech branch of the -jnerican ?.ed Gross v/as 
voted instead. 




I G 
III G 
III H 
I C 



BOHICMLhN 



Dennl Hlasatel, June 30, 1917. 

VffiAT ALERIC;.^ dTIZSNSI-IIP IuSj^^S TO TKi: CZSCH IIJ^ 
(Itom the Press Bureau of the Czech National 
Alliemce, Chicago.) 

{Summary) 

(Mr, Karel /Charles/ Pergler, director of the Slovanska Tiskova ISancelaf 
/The Slavonic Press Bureau/* journalist by progression, devotes his spare 
time to correspondence in behalf of the Czech National Alliance, of which 
he is a representative. The Slavonic Press Bureau is maintained jointly 
by the Czech National Alliance and the Slovak League. Mr. Pergler de- 
livered an address in the 3nglish language before a native American audi- 
ence in New York recently. V/e present the translation from the English 
into the Czech. ) 

"What does American citizenship mean to the Czech? Surelj'^ it does not 
imply the complete severance of all spiritual ties that bind him to the 




Dennl Hlasatel. June 30, 1917. 



I G - 2 - BOHiilLllAN 

III a 
III H 
I C 

nation of which he is a son* I am reminded of the address deliver- 
ed by President Wilson on the occasion of his presence in Chicago on Octo- 
ber 19 Ifiiet year* 'A man or a woman who becomes a citizen of the United 
States is neither asked nor expected to give up his love for the old 
country— to cease to be proud of the nation from which he came. Since the 
American people represent all nations of Europe, there is no branch of 
them here who could not boast of a glorious history and tradition.* 

"The Czechs have r^aained in close communion with the land of their fore- 
bears. I am firmly convinced that just for this reason they have brought 
with them cultural qualities of unquestionable value, just as immigrants 
of other nationalities can retrace their cultural characteristics to their 
motherlands. Nevertheless, I am certain that Czechs who became American 
citizens feel as such not in the legal sense only; they feel American in 
the very meaning of the word. 

"For, what is nationality? The definition of nationality is, like all 




I G 
III G 
III H 
I C 

ment is 
nit ion i 
will to 
quality, 
to event 



- 3 - 

Dennl Hlasatel. J\me 30, 1917, 



B0H3MIAN 



definitions of concepts, unstable and rather hazy. One judg- 
es valid as another, and it maj'- be said that LIr, Tojnible's defi- 
s just as adnissible as others, Ke defines nationality as *the 
co-operate'. The Czechs in this country never lacked this 

I submit a few examples to support ray contention; they refer 
s of only a few days ago. 



"The instant that war broke out in this country, the Czech National Alli- 
ance sent out a call to all Czechs and Slovaks to become citizens and 
fulfill their obligations toward America, At the same time the Alliance 
urged the Czechs to throv/ off the shame of being called subjects of 
Austria-Eungary, whose histoiy is nothing but a continual assault against 
her own Slavonic nations. '.Vhen German violence became unbearable and 
this coimtry entered the war to preserve democracy for the vrorld, the 
Czechs answered the call of their adopted country instantly and without 
hesitation, I hope this statement will not be interpreted as a vain /^-^ 




i|i 



Demif Hlasatel, June 30, 1917. 



I G - 4 - BOESML^JT 

III G 
III H 
I C 

boast, for it is merely a restt^tenient of a fact. In Chicago for 
instance, one-half of the volimteers v;ere Czechs and Poles, Vi[hile visiting 
in the State of Texas, I learned from official sources that in the tovm of 
East Bernard there were twenty-two Czechs among tv;enty-seven volunteers, 
I found a similar ratio in numerous other cities of that state, Austin, 
Texas, I was told, *mu3t surely be a Czech city, because its streets are 
swarming with soldiers who speak Czech* ,.,,, Thus, the Czachs have won for 
themselves the prerogative to be called Americans in the most sublime sig- 
nificance of the term. 



"Americanism bears no relation to the land of birth. Those who have grasped 
the spirit of American institutions are good Americans, They are always 
ready to sacrifice their lives for the preservation and perpetuation of 
these institutions and for their development in the broadest sense of the 
term 'democracy*. In other words, Americanism is primarily a mental rela- 
tion. We are happy to live in a time when this fact has been expressed 




I - 5 - B0ESI.1L41T 

III G 

III H Deimi Hlasatel. Jime 30, 1917. 

I C 

in both words and deeds in a more pov/erful manner than ever before. 
Some individuals contend that America is permeated with the philosophy of 
materialism and is impelled by base motives. Yet, /^merica entered this 
war for the salavation, so to speeik, of spiritual and idealistic values 
only. America cannot gain much by this war, but it may lose a great deal. 
Yet, at the same time America is well aware of the peril that lies in a 
German victory—a victory which would bring about a »peace of the grave- 
yard* and would mean the annihilation of the small nations. These small 
nations may vvell justify their right to exist by their cultural contri- 
butions to the intellectual world. America is aware of the fact that a 
victorious Germany would mean the abolition of the rights of all nations 

and individuals to free thinking and self-determination For the first 

time a great nation is engaged in a war not for materisil gain, but for 
idealistic possessions. That is the mainspring of American pride today. 

"Democracy in a nation means equal opportunity for all individuals. Inter- 
national democracy spells equal opportunity for all nations, big or small 




I G - 6 - B0H3LIIAN 

III G 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , June 30, 1917. 

I G 

World democracy cannot stand firmly established as long as 
discrepancies in equality continue to exist; as long as there are privileged 
nations. A representative of the Genaans of Austria called the Slavonic 
nations * inferior nations*. The Magyars who rule Hungary deny the Rumanians, 
Serbians, Croats, and SlovaJcs the most fimdamental rights; the Magyars 
entered the v/ar in order to get a firmer governmental grip upon the non- 
Magyar element of the population under Hungarian rule; in fact, they want 
to create conditions which would enable them to rule the country as they 
please. 

"Czech and American ideals are identical. This is the correct attitude 
for a small nation to take when it openly proclaims its independence; a 
nation which, after the reformation of John Hus, defended spiritual li- 
berty against all of Europe. 

"You will now understand the significance of citizenship for us, and also 




I G 
III G 
III H 
I C 



- 7 - 
Dennf Hlasatel , June 30, 1917. 
the reasons why there are so few Czech non-citizens," 



BOHBMLAN 




I G BOHEMIAIJ 

IV 

Denni laasatel . June 23, 1917. 

OUR CZECH mHRlORS 

(From the Press Bureau of the Czech National Alliance) 

The Literary D igest, one of the most widely read of English language 
weeklies, printed in the latest issue a group photograph of our Czech 
volunteers in the 223rd Canadian battalion. The picture and necessary 
information had been supplied by the Press Biireau of the Czech National 
Alliance. The editor of the Literary Digest vn-ote under the picture* 

"In spite of oppression by Austria, the Czechs have proclaimed their 
allegiance to the very principles for which we too are fighting. It is 
reported by newspapers that extremely violent rebellions are occurring in the 
Austrian army. The commanding officers dare not send Czech soldiers against 
the Russians, because the soldiers would instantly go over to the Russians 
and join with them in brotherly unity." 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

lY 

Dennl Hlasatel . June 23, 1917. 

The London New Europe announces: "The Czechs have joined the Allies 

The Czechs of America are not restrained from proclaiming their ideals openly, 
and they aid the Allies wherever an opportunity offers itself. 

The New Europe also mentions the Czech National Alliance and the Bohemian 
Review , whose editor. Dr. Jaroslav Smetanka, has supplied the Literary Digest 
v/ith information. The recent proclamation of loyalty to the United States, 
a fonnal manifestation of the sentiments of the Czech National Alliance 
representing the Czechs, is also given prominence in that American periodical. 

The page devoted to us by the Literary Digest will prove an excellent medium 
for disseminating information on our aims and efforts to America, 




I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . June 2£, 1917, 

/SiANGE OF POLICY ON THE PART OF THE POLEsT' 

(Summary of Editorial) 

The uprising of the Polish representatives in the Austrian parliament 
last Tuesday is of signal importance not only to the Polish people, but 
to the Czechs as well. It is an event which fills our hearts with joy. 
It will remove many prejudices and blot out many wrongs which the Poles 
have conunitted against the Slavonic nations of Austria, Wark our words 
that it is the last nail in the coffin for the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. 

The Poles were one of the main pillars of the Hapsbur^ dynasty. Polish 
representatives were always ready to serve the government for privileges 
in the province of Galicia and for the privilege of oppressing the Rufche- 
nians of eastern Galicia without governmental interference. That fact 
is so well known and proved that not even a race-conscious Pole will attempt 
to disprove it. 

Up to the present, we Czechs have had mighty few reasons to hold any 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III H 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , June 22, 1917. 

particular attachment for the Poles. Their unnatural hatred of Russia.... 
should ha^e been directed agalbst German autocracy, the real cause of their 

misery Their querulousness and aggressiveness towards nations which they 

dominate by their majority, e.g., Lithuanians, Kashubs, Ruthenians, and others; 
their opportunistic politics in the Austrian parliament, always the chief ob- 
stacle to any concerted Slavonic action in the parliament — those were the 
things that forced a chill, if not a decided enmity, between the Poles and 
the rest of the Slavonic nations. Moreover, the Poles embarked upon an im- 
fortunate political course at the portentous moment of the outbreak of the 
war. 

The Slavonic nations took the side of the Allies, discriminating instinc- 
tively between right and v/rong. There were two exceptions, the Bulgarians 
and the Poles 



m. 



o>^ 




- 3 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , June 22, 1917. 

Several times we had intended to point out the sad fact that the Poles were 
the only Slavonic people in this war to give aid to the Aastrians but no 
volunteers to the Allies, while some Bulgarians even fought with the Russians 
against Austria. .... 

The Poles might have continued their short-sighted politics had not the war 

brought some changes The recent uprisings are an open declaration of 

hostility on the part of the Poles; they mean a definite severance of rela- 
tions with Austria and opportunist politics. They announce the entrance of 
the Poles into the great family of Slavonic nations. We welcome them with 

outstretched arms, forgetting the past The Poles, together with the 

other Slavonic nations, will follow the glorious path blazed by the Russian 
revolut ion. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel , June 19, 1917. 

_^IGERO GOUl\\-:iL UHiCLIB LIBERjiTION P0LICy7 

(Summary) 

The city council of Gicero, Illinois, in its last meeting passed a resolu- 
tion in which it declared itself to be in full accord vdth the efforts 
made for the liberation of the Czechs and Jlovaks from Austrian rule. 
Air. Jos, Klenha, president, and i.ir. Joseph Hlavka are the only representa- 
tives of the Uzech element in the council 

The resolution v/as sent to V/ashington, D. C. 




I G BOHg/IlAN 

D enni Hlasatel , June 14, 1917. 

LAST GKi^JCJ: FOR BOND oUBSCRIPTION 

(Suruiary) 

Subscriptions for Liberty bonds v/ill be closed tonorrow noon. If our 
hopes are realized, the war loan will be oversubscribed. Two hundred 

and sixty millions were asked of Chicago Everyone should buy a 

bond to help the United States van the v/ar 




I G BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel . June 13, 1917. | 

II B 3 \: 

III C CZECH AMERICANS RESPOND I 
III D Mass Meeting Identifies Itself V/ith Hopes of Old Homeland < 

III H r 

IV (Summary) 

Most of our readers have read the news about the Czechs in the old 
homeland and of the heroic stand which they and their representatives in 
the Austrian parliament have taken in defense of their rights to indepen- 
dence In vain were feeble attempts made by Emperor Carl to lull the 

Czechs into peace, and all kinds of promises came too late. Our brothers 
across the sea need our wholehearted moral support in their struggle. 

This much-longed-for manifestation of sympathy was announced in the Pilsen 1 

Brewery Park pavilion, 26th Street and Albany Avenue, last night, where 

a mass meeting was held under the leadership of the Czech National Alliance 

and the National Alliance of Czech Catholics The enthusiasm of the 

crowd was high, although the attendance should have been larger. 




^M 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 
111 B 2 

II D 1 Denni Hlasatel , June 13, 1917. 

II B 3 

III C Since the president of the Czech National Alliance arrived some- 
Ill D what later, the meeting was opened by llr. Joseph Tvrzicky, secre- 
III H tary. He acquainted the audience with the situation in Austria, 
Tf voicing the complete agreement of the Czechs in America with 

those in Czech lands. His words drew tumultuous applause. He 
introduced Mrs. Anna Stolfa as a representative of the Union of Czech Ladies 
and the Sesterska Podporujici Jednota (Sisterhood of Aid Societies). She 
assured the assembly of the ardent co-operation of Czech women 

Dr. Rudis-Jicinsky, the next speaker, pointed in a few words to the national 
activities of the Ceska Obec Sokolska (Czech Sokol Community) and particularly 
to their quick response to President Wilson's call for volunteers for Uncle 
Sam*s forces. He did not fail to admonish the parents of Czech children to 
send them to the Sokol gymnastic societies to replenish the ranks which . 
have been thinned by many enlistments of Sokol volxmteers. 

Mr. P. Straka of the National Alliance of Czech Catholics followed 




I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 
III B 2 

II D 1 Deanl Hlasatel . June IS, 1917. 
li B 3 

III C Dr. Jicinsky upon the platform. His ideas conveyed the need 
111 D for unity of all Czechs, regardless of creed, when so importfimt 

III H an issue as the independence of the motherland is before them. 

IV He reminded the throngs of the beautiful and impressive parade 
at the last Chicago World's Fair when all Czechs marched in 

one rank and file to show their solidarity 

Dr. J. F. Staietanka then spoke for the Czech Protestants and the Czech 
National Alliance. Referring to President Wilson's promise to consider 
the small nations now subjugated, he declared himself for the liberation 
of any small nation demanding independence 

Mr. Rudolph Vlodek, speaking for the Czech National Socialists, declared 
that his faction has always looked up to the liberation of the Czechs as 
a national ideal. Tony Novotny, the next speaker, forcefully upheld 
the liberation of the Czechs and the destruction of Austria because it 
is made up of enslaved nations. 




I G 
III B 2 

II D 1 

II B 3 

III C 
III D 
III H 
IV 



- 4 - 



Denni Hlasatel . Jiine IS, 1917. 



BOHEMIAN 



Mr. Tvrzicky thanked the group for their wholehearted response. 
Ee then read two messages, one to be sent to the Czechoslovak 
army fighting against the Austrians in Russia, the other to 
Professor T. G. Masaryk, now in London, England. The letter 
to the Czechs and Slovaks assures them of the unity of the 
Czechs with kindred nations in Czechoslovak lands and acknowledges the 
Czechoslovak National Council as the highest tribunal in their national 
affairs. In the letter to Professor Masaryk, respect and loyalty are 
expressed to the undatmted leader 



Two other messages were sent; the first to Senator William S. Kenyon, 
Washington, D. C, thanking him for the interest he is taking in the 
cause of Czech liberty and calling his attention to the Czech patriotic 
uprisings in Austria; the second to President V/oodrow Wilson voices 
deep-felt gratitude for his promise to help the small nations and 
expresses the fondest hopes that when the moment arrives, the Presi- 
dent's mighty influence will be exerted in favor of Czech liberation. 




I G 

II b 1 a 
li D 1 

III C 

IV 



BOHELiAi^i 



Denni masatel . June 12, 1917. 
FOR LIBERTY 
(Sxunmary) 



Chicago must exert its efforts during the next four days v;hen the Liberty- 
Loan drive will come to a close. V/e Czechs, especially, must show that 
Chicago is not a "German city" (as Mayor Thompson said). Chicago Czechs, 
more than any other group, should subscribe, for this war is being carried 
on by us not only for the sake of the United States, but for the good of 
our motherland across the ocean as v/ell. 

In order to create a genuine v/artime atmosphere, there vos a parade arranged 
which led to the Pilsen Brev/ery Park yesterday. It consisted of Czech members 
of the Liberty Bond drive committee, of members of the Sokol societies, and 
of the Doy Scouts, l.r. Brousek's band led the parade. 

The meeting in the Pilsen Park was opened by I'.r, Anton J. Cermak, who then 




I G 

II B 1 < 

II D 1 

III C 
lY 

meeting 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel . June 12, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



surrendered the chairman's seat to Mr. Charles Pavlicek. The latter, 
in a short speech, acquainted the gathering with the purpose of the 
Mr, Joseph Salat was elected secretary. 



Mr. Joseph J. Janda, treasurer of the Lawndale State Bank and one of our 
best workers in the field of aid societies, spoke about the Czech aid societies 
in relation to the Liberty Loan. He said: "The aid societies are neither 
patriotic nor charitable organizations; they are simply pecuniary institutions, 
conducted by the people and for the people. They have hundreds of members who 
would be glad to buy a bond if their financial position would permit. Yet 
they can, through the aid societies as intermediator, become participants in 

this great patriotic action The law permits us to buy the bonds, and 

we are under obligation to the government to support it. We should be 
grateful to our government for everything we derive from it 

"Some aid societies use excuses, e. g., that they do not have enough money. 
This sounds flimsy, for even the smallest among them can muster one h\indred 




I G - 3 - BOHEI.:iAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 1 Dennl laasatel . June 12, 1917. 

III C 

rv or two hundred dollars lor the best investment in the world " 

Doctor Pecival then appealed to those aid societies v/ith tens and hundreds 
of thousands of dollars in the treasury to buy bonds, f^r, Henry Hanson 
spoke in the English languaf:e, giving details on the war loan. 

The Delnicky Pevecky Sbor ^/^./orkingmen's Singing Societ^ sang tv;o beautiful 
choruses, "Bojovnici V Noci" ^^ighters in the Night/ and "0, Vlasti Ma Ty 
Milena" /niou Beloved Homeland of I'.ineJ, 

Mr, John A, Cervenka then read a letter by Charles Vopicka, addressed to 
I«Tr, Anton J. Cermak, It says: "...Please inform my fellow countrymen that 
they are counted among the most intelligent of our fellov/ citizens and are 

admired for their self-devotion to the cause by all Americans The more 

this loan is oversubscribed, the clearer the Germans v/ill see that our 
people stand behind the President " 




I G - 4 - 30E5LIAN 

II B 1 a 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel . June 12, 1917. 

III C 

rv Mr. Straka spoke for the Catholic societies. Mr. Otto Kerner pointed 

to the iinpression which vigorous recruiting here v;ill make upon Germany, 
The president of the Lawndale State Bank spoke about the efforts made by the 
Germans to -orevent a success of the loan drive 




I_G_ 
IV 



BCIIEiaAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Jiine 12, 1917. 

A WARTBiS RESC'LUTICN 

(Summary) 

Alderman Otto Kemer made a motion in yesterday's session of the city coiincil 
that a resolution be passed in which the people of Chicago be admonished to 
refrain from criticising the Government for its declaration of vtav. The 
motion also urges the people to stand firmly behind the President, In a 
turbulent session only three Socialist and five other aldermen voted against 
it. 




1 



I G 
III H 
I C 



BOxLi-IlAN 



Denni Hlasatel . June 12, 1917. 

1313 "HOLY" (SEviAl^ VtiR 

(Sa-nmary of Editorial) 

"The ISnglish language papers recently published statements on the v/ar by men 
of public prominence, in which they spoke of the exalted position of the 
Germans and the necessity for their dominating the world. These utterances 
represent something novel for the Chicago public and put the Gernaans upon a 
pedestal where hardly anybody has ever seen them. These characteristic 
depictions of German traits are, of course, nothing new to us Czechs. V/e 
have, by century-old contact with the Gerri^ns, gained experiences v«'hich have 
taught us too well what the Germans are and of v/hat they are capable. This 
concoction of statements which at this moment horrifies the American public, 
appears interesting to us just the same." 

William Archer composed a collection of 'Tearls of German Thinking," among 
which we find the following amazing examples: Bemliardi proclaims, "Might is 



A 



fey 




- 2 - BOHgvlIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . June 12, 1917. 

the highest of rights" The Chicago Tribune says that to the Germans this 

war is a holy war, a gigantic missionary undertaking and quotes Lange: ''The 
nations around us Germans are overripe fruits which the next storm is going 
to shake down to the ground " 



The Germans are men of blood and iron; they are no doves of peace, 



It is a holy war, but not for the Germans. It is a holy war for those who 
are discerning just what danger the Teutons represent. Taese peoples are 
detemined to do somethins about it. The Geimans will not listen to words; 
therefore we will use the sword 




I G BOHEMIAIJ 

II D 10 

III H Denni Hlasatel , June 12, 1917. 

/K message/to the CZECH PEOPLE 
(From the Executive Committee of the Czech National Alliance) 

Since the rupture of diplomatic relations between Austria-Hungary and the 
United States, our hopes for the liberation of the old homeland have risen 
considerably. President V/ilson in his note to Russia declared himself 
unconditionally for the rights of the small nations and for the removal of 
Prussian militarism. Guided by these principles our great republic is 
battling for the sane ideals which serve as slogans for our avm efforts and 
endeavors. 

Czechs and /onericans of Czech descent are surely fulfilling their duty. It 
is necessary to lend the republic and the Allies effective financial support. 

Vie have all gladly joined the Red Cross; now we must do everything in our 
power to boost the S'lle of bonds. 




I G - 2 - BOHr]LL^^[ 

II D 10 

III H Dennl Hlasatel , Jxine 12, 1917. 

Almost every one of our fellow countrymen is in a position to buy a fii'ty- 
dollar bond; others can buy e one-hundred, or one-thousand-dollar bond.. 

The success of the Libertj'' bond drive conditions the success of our arms, 
without which our hopes for victory would dwindle. 

Every Czech businessman, doctor, lav/yer, tradesman, or v/orkingman, as well 
as every farmer, is under a patriotic oblication to buy bonds, to support the 
government, and so to helD democracy emerge victorious. 

The fate of mankind depends upon this victory, and so does the future of our 
own Czech nation across the ocean. 

All fellow countrymen are urged to buy their Liberty bonds in Czech banks or 
other Czech places so that our willingness to help the Government v/ill become 
more conspicuous. 
Signed: Dr. L. J. Fisher, president; J. Tvrzicky, secretary. 



m. -^ 



I G - 2 - BOHSLilAIvr 

II D 10 

ITT H Dennl Hlasatel . June IS, 1917. 

Almost every one of our fellow countrymen is in a position to buy a lii'ty- 
dollar bond; others can buy e one-hundred, or one-thousand-dollar bond.. 

The success of the Liberty bond drive conditions the success of our arms, 
v/ithout which our hopes for victory would dv/indle. 

Every Czech businessman, doctor, lav/yer, tradesjiian, or v/orkingman, as well 
as every farmer, is under a patriotic oblication to buy bonds, to support the 
government, and so to help democracy emerge victorious. 

The fate of mankind depends upon this victory, and so does the future of our 
own Czech nation across the ocean. 

All fellow countrynien are urged to buy their Liberty bonds in Czech banks or 
other Czech places so that our willingness to help the Government v^ill become 
more conspicuous. 
Signed: Dr. L. J. Fisher, president; J. Tvrzicky, secretary. 



I G BOHBI.IIAII 

I A 1 a 

III II Denni Klasatel . June 9, 1917. 

^^HVSRSITT OF ailCAGO JO HIS OUR- CAU^ 

(Editorial) 

We value highly every sincere manifestation of good \vill, and v/e therefore 
doubly rejoice over the interest which the University of Chicago is showing 
in our cause. V/hen President Harry Pratt Judson proclaimed that the Czechs 
and the Slovaks are vrell deserving of a liberated homeland, and that the 
establishment of an independent Czechoslovak state should be one of the 
conditions for peace; then there is more to the contact made with the "Univer- 
sity than is apparent at the first clance. 

The University of Chicago is one of the f oreaost seats of higher learning in 
America. There are four hundred faculty members and more than ten thousand 
students. As one of the great intellectual centers, it can successfully 
accomplish many things for the Slavonic element in general, and especially 
for us since up to the present ife have been systeniatically ignored. Herein 
lies the great significance of the memorable meeting on last Uonday which - 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I A 1 a 

III H Denni Hlasatel . June 9, 1917. 

will surely bear fruit in the near future. The situation will be remarkably 
improved for us if, as reported, the propaganda for the liberation of the 
small countries should spread to other prominent American educational institu- 
tions. V/e hear that this extension of propaganda is being regarded favorably 
by the Government itself. It is well knovm to everybody that President 
V/ilson is a "university man," and that he never attempted to conceal his 
pronounced liking for the Slavonic peoples. 




Deimi Hlasatel , June 7, 1917. 

TO idjL iiLTCEICxJC) OF CZEGHOoLOV.vK DEdGICNT: HJRCiiASE LIBERTY BOInIDS 

( Simmary ) 

Among all the nationalities v.iio have helped make this great nation, there 
is none v/ho wishes more eagerly for a victory of the United otates in this 

war than the Czechoslovaks Americans are hardly able to grasp, as we do, 

the danger that lies in any possibility of a victorious Germany or iiustro- 
Hungary 

Not everyone can take up arms or work in the Red Cross ranks, though there 
is hsLTdly one person vho could not becor.e a raember of that organization. 
Everyone can help in some way or other, '..ars are not v;on by guns alone; 
money plays a great part. For the Germans, the v,fealth of the United states 
is their worst threat 



m. 



I G 



- 2 - 



BOHELiliiN 



Dennl Hlasatel . June 7, 1917. 

The United States is offering Liberty bonds, The proceeds of the sale, 
expected to reach the fif^re of seven billion dollars, v/ill be expended 
in the fight for liberty. Czechs and Slovaks Vvill not have to be urged 

to buy these bonds. Everyone of them knows his duty Any bank will 

accori;;iodate you I.,., 




I G BOH^IIAN 

II D 10 

IV Dennl HLasatel . J\me 7, 1917. 

BOOST FUHCHASIO OF BOKDS 

(ouinmary) 

".'e have professed to be good citizens — now is the tinie to prove our y/orth. 
There was a splendid meeting in Filsen Park for the creation and support of 
a Czech branch of the American Tied Cross. A similar movement for the sale 
of Liberty bonds was begun recently. 

There was a meeting of Czech businessmen and representatives of Czech 
organizations in the halls of the Lawndale State Bank last night at which 
}Jlr, Anton J. Cermak presided. A decision was reached to start with the 
work at full speed, and a cornmittee to take char^ie was elected. A publica- 
tion will be printed at an early date which will include articles on the 
advantages offered by a secure investment such as the Liberty bond 



The irtiole world is '.vatching .\nerica in order to observe how her people will, 
respond to the call of the Administration 



"". WW. 



I G BOHSiviL\N 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Dennl Hlasatel . June 5, 1917. 

Ill B 2 ^ 

II D 10 FOR CZECH n^DEPENTENCS 2 

III D University of Chicago in JSnthusiastic -si. 

III H Accord with Professor Masaryk's P 

IV Plan to Remodel Central Europe ^ 

TO 

o 
Recently the American intelligentsia has begun to admit that if the nation ^ 
is to stand in harmony behind the Administration, it is absolutely necessary ^ 
that every American fully grasp the gigantic problems constituting the back- oi 
ground of the war, V/e must be aware of the facts in order to put Prussian 
militarism in the limelight, and so to emphasize the acuteness of its menace 
before the United States as well as the entire civilized v;orld. If only the 
American people would grasp the gravity of the situation, the work done by the 
Administration could be facilitated. Only then can we expect that an effec- 
tive halt will be put to the mischievous activities of the German spies who 
are exhibiting almost incredible arrogance and daring, in spite of all our 
preventive measures. 



2 



I G - 2 - BOHSIvIIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Dennl Hlasatel, June 5, 1917, 
III B 2 

II D 10 The attitude of the American press tov/ard these conditions has be- _ 

III D come firmer recently, and is knovm to everyone. The patriotic H 

III H propaganda of our newspapers will no doubt be supported by our ^ 

IV institutions of higher education. The first step in this direction o 
was taken by the University of Chicago from whose faculty of four ^ 

hundred members a committee was formed. This coraiaittee has set itself the S 
task of persuading the adherents of all the foreign nationalities to be loyal ^ 
to the Star-Spangled Banner, regardless of the land of their birth. An 
appeal is to be sent ot all nationalities except, of course, the Teutons and 
their Austrian allies who have been vmable to cast off their ludicrous loyalty 
to the two bloated djrnasties. Professor Harry Pratt Judson, president of the 
University, is the leader of the movement, together with Professor Shailer 
Mathews, dean of the theological faculty and a well-known friend of the Czech 
people. 

The first appeal was addressed to the Czechs. A brilliant meeting was held 
in one of the university buildings. The two professors represented the 



I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Dennf Hlasatel. Jime 5, 1917, 

III B 2 S 

II D 10 University of Chicago which had issued this first appeal. The 5 

III D Czechs had sent several of their most prominent and mature workers :=i 
III H in the movement for Czech independence. Among them were Mr. J» F» v 
I\r Stepina, Professor J, J, Znirhal, Dr. J. F. Smetanka, Reverend Vac — o 

lav Vanek, Reverend Vaclav Kralicek, Dr. B. K, Simonek, architect o 
Adolf Lonek, instructor Vojta Benes, Bohus Hak, Otto Pergler, and Anton No- l^ 
votny» The Czech-American Press was represented by Jindrich Ort for the ^ 
Denni Hlasatel and R. J. Psenka for the Svornoat « "^ 

The group was conducted around the campus of the University and was escorted 
on an inspection tour through the impressive library founded in memory of 
William R. Harper, the first president of the University. We were then 
guided into the cozy dining room where a richly decked table awaited us. A 
pleasant, jovial conversation soon developed which lasted several hours. 
During this time the professors gathered information from authorities about * 
the point of view of the Czech-Americans and the Slavonic peoples in this 
country in general. This discussion greatly enhanced the mutual understanding 



I G - 4 - BQHSjvILhN 2 

II B 2 d (1) ^ 

III B 3 b Dennl Hlasatel, Juno 5, 1917. p 
III B 2 <- 

II D 10 between the representatives of the Czecho-Slavonic element and the § 

III D American intelligentsia. 5- 

III H g 

IV The true purpose of the invitation extended to the Czechs was re- ,^ 
vealed by President Judson in words that made each of us want to 

press his hand. "The Tjnited States entered the war," the president explained, 
"primarily to aid in the liberation of the small oppressed nations, particu- 
larly the Czechs and other Slavonic peoples. The best way to prevent Teutonic 
aggression is to isolate Gierman>, first of all from he ally, Austro-Hungary," 
he continued, and this end will best be achieved by creating several Slavonic 
independent states. Czechoslovakia, wedged between the two monarchies, will 
offer the only security for lasting peace in Central Europe. The ultimate 
creation of a Czechoslovak state therefore appears to be an indispensable 
necessity, and victory for us in this war is the condition upon which its 
realization hinges. Much depends upon the attitude and behavior of the people 
of the United States to whom a task of the highest importance has thus been 
assigned. The Administration depends upon the loyalty of the immigrants, who 



-a 



I G - 5 - BOHSML^ 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Dennl Hlaaatel . June 5, 1917. 
Ill B 2 

II D 10 have to be properly informed and instructed in regard to the full 

III D magnitude of the German menace. This meeting purports to enlighten 

III H the authorities of the University of Chicago on the point of view _ 

IV and the aims of the Czech and other Slavonic-American nationalitie3,"r^ 
the president concluded. -C 

It goes without saying that the two professors were fladly given all possible £ 
information, ilr. Stepina gave an explicit account of the activities of the ^ 
Bohemian Press Bureau, This institution is making strenuous efforts to ac- ^ 
quaint the American public with the aims and aspirations of the Czechs, al- *" 
though manifold difficulties present themselves; among them Mr. Stepina 
mentioned the lack of funds, and the resistance which the English language 
papers offer to our approach, "V/e have always testified openly to our loyalty 
to this country, but we were not always given a hearing when it would have 
been advantageous •** 

Professor Zmrhal entjiusiastically assured President Judson of the most ardent 



I G - 6 - BOHEI^ILAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Denni Hlasatel. June 5, 1917, 

III B 2 S 

II D 10 co-operation of the Czechs, adding that they merely need some >• 

III D directions for making the best showing possible. "We are," he ex- "^ 

III H claimed, "loyal, honest AmericansI We shall be ready whenever the P 

IV occasion arises!" -t:* 

?c 

CD 

Mr. Ort, addressing himself to President Judson, stated that the words just Lo 
spoken by the head of the Itaiversity of Chicago are identified in every sense £^ 
with the activities of Professor Thomas G, Masaryk; that the Czech National *^ 
Alliance has accepted Llasaryk's program as its own, as coming from the rec- 
ognized spokesman of the entire Czech people; further, that "what vie are 
being urged to do now we have been performing faithfully for fully three 
years, from the very beginning of the war in Europe. The Czech press, our 
powerful organizations, and the whole branch of our people here in America 
stand loyally behind the starry flag. They are fighting for the independence 
of the old homeland and merge their sentiments as Czechs with American patriot- 
ism into a most beautiful union." 



-n 



I G - 7 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Dennl Hlasatel. J\me 5, 1917. 
Ill B 2 

II D 10 Moreover, he pointed to the rapidly thinning ranks of the Czech 

III D Sokol societies whose members hastened to enlist for service at ^ 
III H the first call for volunteers. He pointed to the organization p 
TT of a Czech branch of the American Red Cross and the establisliment r;; 

of courses for Czech-American war nurses. "Vflxat is going on among "d 
us Czech is also being done among the rest of Slavonic nationalities in £ 
America. It is the most telling document of their sentiment for which one L; 
may ever wishl" ^^' 

tor 

The two professors listened to these accounts with rapt attention. To lend 
the information already given a more firm and broader basis, other Czech 
guests enlarged upon certain points and phases. Vojta Benes gave lavish 
accounts from his abimdant experiences. iUthough he has been in America 
only a short time, he has mastered the English Ismguage sufficiently to 
carry on easy conversation with the professors. Dr. Sraetanka was another 
Czech who placed himself at the disposal of the inquiring professors, and 
he proved himself an inexhaustible source of information. Messrs. Pergler 
and Psenka also took their turns in this informal but valuable talk. 



I G - 8 - BOHSLIIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 b Dennf Hlasatel, June 5, 1917. 
Ill B 2 

II D 10 The contact made with the University yesterday will be permanent, ^ 

III D For this purpose a coanmittee of six was formed, consisting of ^ 

III H Dr. anetanks, Professor Zmrhal, Mr. Vojta Banes, and Messrs. Pergler,p 

IV Ort, and Psenka. It will probably initiate its activities by arrang-"^ 
ing for a great demonstration in connection v;ith the John Hus cele- so 

bration on the occasion of the festival commemorating the unification of all j— 
Sokol societies. The Fourth of July will probably be the day set for these o 
patriotic affairs, ^ 



I G BQHEIIIAI-; 

II B 2 g 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel . June 5, 1917. 

III H 

LECTURE 13 A SUCCESS 

(Suranaiy) 

The big hall of the Sokol Havlicek Tyrs, Lawndale Avenue and 26th Street, 
was filled except for a fev; seats last night when Professor F. Pisecky gave 
a lecture under the auspices of the Beseda V, J. Fric (Club V, J, Fric). 
The subject vras "On Czech Prisoners in Russia". The lecturer was introduced 
by lie, R. Vlodka, a club neinber. 

He related hov/ he ^vas tal:en prisoner by the Russians and helped a Russian 
physician in his v;ork; hotv other Czech prisoners began to form a military unit, 
and finally how he v/ent to the Dobrudja district to fight with the Russians 
against the Austrians 

The Professor urged the club members to agitate for relief for Czech prisoners 
of v/ar v/ho cannot join the ranks because of wounds or sickness 



I G BOHEMIAN 

II D 1 

Dennl Hlasatel . June 3, 1917. 

BOOST PURCHAS3 OF V<'AR BONDS 

(Siunmary) 

Almost all of our aid societies are biiying various bonds for their funds, 
because it is a safe way to create reserves. Our government's Liberty 
bonds are an excellent investment, and their pxirchase constitutes a 
patriotic act. They bear only three per cent interest, it is true, but 
other four per cent bonds bought by many of the aid societies will easily 
make up for that. The loss of one per cent can be borne without undue 
hardship. 




II D 10 


II D 1 


III D 


III H 



I G BOEggAN 

Denni Hlasatel , June 3, 1917. 

AID SCCISTIilS' PATRIOTIC 3FFCRTS 

{ Summary ) 

The Cesko-Slovanska Podporujici Spoleonost (Czech-Slavonic Aid Society) 
intends to contribute 51,000 to the cause of the liberation of their people 
in the old homeland, in addition to the $1,000 xvhich they paid out before. 
There is still ,j;1,515,95 left in the treasury for similar purposes. The 
assent of all the members of the Aid '/.ociety will be required before the 

contribution can be made Besides this, every member will be assessed 

ten cents for relief in the old homeland. The New York branch has issued 
the slogan: One million dollars for the move to liberate our homeland, as 
directed and propagated by the Czech National Alliance 

The Czech-Slavonic Aid Society, citing its bylaws, declares that none of its 
members enlisted in the Army or Navy shall lose their membership. To do 
otherwise, the Society feels, would be considered woefully lacking in 
patriotism. ff^ 




I E 

Denni Elasatel. Liay 30, 1917. 

/a cold RSCSPTIOli/ 

( Sdi t or i al— Sunmary ) 

The convocators of the peace meeting v/hich was held last Sunday have 
surely becoms convinced that they v;ere used as the tools of a faction of 
Chicago Socialists, v/ho have assumed the task of weakening as much as 
possible every measure taken by the United States of casting doubt upon 
the Government's notives, and so indirectly giving aid and comfort to 
the Germans. ...'hey all belong to one party, and are rabid Germans. This 
was evident in the reception they gave some of the speakers, v/hose sin- 
cerity anc' sterling patriotism cannot be questioned, as for instance, 
tliss Llary .McDowell and Robert U, Lovett, Dean of the University of 
Chicago. Their speeches were not appreciated, as they reminded the 
audience of the aims of the IVar, the establishment of democracy, and 
the liberation of the small oppressed nations. 




I G 
I 3 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel . IJay 30, 1917, 



BOHn;::!^^^ 



The Socialist speaker, '.Ir.Ste adman, on the other hand, drew frenzied 
applause as he attacked our Government, and called Congress a servant of 
J, P. Llorgan, 3ch;irab, and also of the small nations. 

The German Socialist paper, Arbeit er-Zeitung. c^uotes Steadman as ridi- 
culing the idea of democracy and liberty, in pointing out the oppression 
of the Congo districts by Belgium, and of India, Ireland, and other 
countries by Zn^land. The much hated Prussian militarism, Steadmar^ is 
quoted to have declared, is being introduced right here \ander ".The 3tar- 
Spangled Banner" vath all the concomitant taxes and other burdens for • 
which the "fools of later generations" v;ill have to pay, 

Vihile Steadman thus harangued the crowd, he utterly omitted to mention the 
crimes perpetrated by the Germans, not only against the nations with which 
they are at V/ar, but against neutral countries, and against their own as 
well. He continued by trying to explain why the United States entered the 
Viiar, The ^lies v;ere losing, and England declared that it v;ould not be 




I G - 3 - BOHELII.^^ 

I C 

Dennl Hlasatel . May 30, 1917. 

able to pay back the loan. It v;as feared this would cause a nationwide 
panic here. To prevent it, .uaerica declared 'Var 

• 

The wild applause v;hich this kind of ranting evoked from the audience 
probably opened the eyes of Miss IlcJowell and Professor Lovett. They 
could see for themselves in ;vhose behalf really they convoked the peace 
raeeting. This may serve as a v;aming not to do it another time. 




I Q BOHEMIAN 

III D 

Denni Hlasatel , May 30, 1917. 

[k PATRIOTIC APPEAI7 

(Editorial) 

Buying Liberty Bonds is the duty of every patriotic citizen, and at the 
same time, it is the duty of every prudent man who intends to invest his 
savings in the best security existing under the sun under the present con- 
ditions. Our Government is not going to become bankrupt. Before anything 
like that could happen, the European countries would have to declare them- 
selves in default, and a general panic would spread throughout our own 
country, while properties; securities, mortages, etc., would lose t..eir 
values. lie who intends to help our country toward victory, and secure his 
own economic position, should, therefore, buy Liberty Bonds, 




I G 
I G 



BOHEMIiiN 



Denni Hlasatel. May 29, 1917. 

^OlIGRESS, BBVV/iREl/ 

(Sditorial) 

To us, one thing seems to be as clear as sxinlight. If the mischievous 
activities of the German spies are to be stopped, or at least kept within 
certain limits, the same means will have to be employed as are used 
against enemy scouts and traitors throughout the world. Gunpowder and 
lead, as v;ell as the noose, will have to function as the necessary 
paraphernal i a • 

It is generally knovm that the German spy system is spread all over the 
United States; where it is not obvious, it can be guessed at. One of 
the xmexampled cases of this is the betrayal of the secret guarding the 
route of the American destroyers which are to be sent across the ocean, 
Extreme watchfulness defeated the plan of the Germans to waylay our 
fleet, and a terrible disaster was avoided. The enemy failed to succeed 




I G - 2 - B0K2I.:L^^^ 

I c 

Dennl Illasatel. Llay 29, 1917, 

this time, but he may realize his design in the near future, v/hen American 
soldiers will he transported to Europe. 

The life of a single ^erican soldier is of more value than the worthless 
existence of a whole pack of German spies. Congress should be the first 
to take cognizance of this matter* It appears, hov/ever, that it is still 
dillydallying, unable to decide what kind of gloves it should put on when 
handling this bvmch of scoundrels. 




I G • DOH^IILJJ 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Denni Klasatel . I'^iy 2H, 1917. 

I IT 6 

NO a^JG^R IN T.^aTIOII OF PROFITS 

(Jlditorial-oummary) 

The iinglish language press, v;hich has been strongly advocating the introduc- 
tion of compulsory service, is getting scared now because of the prospect of 
high expenditures concomitant v;ith the upkeep of an arii^'" of raillions. It 
especially'' loathes to see the inain burden of './ar taxes imposed hy the new law 
resting upon the shoulders of the v/ealthy classes, such as joanufacturers and 
merchants. The press equally dislikes the Clovernnent control of railroads, 
the wiiolesale trade in foodstuffs, etc. xvll these •i/ar measures appear too /<^ 
radical to those newspapers, too radical to be safe. A^'uti ^^ 

The Sunday Chicago Tribune fears that Congress and the adiainistration will " ^/ \' 
introduce regulations ..hich will laake the burdens of the Ij'ar weigh heavier 
than necessary' upon us, and thus retard the advent of victory 

The Tribune's apprehensions are groundless. The industrialists and the mer- 
chants v.ill not be exposed to any danger if all that they have to do is to let 



I G • - 2 - BOHiilMLAN 

Y Dl a 

I D 1 b Denni Hlasatel , I<jay 22, 1917. 

I F 6 

the Government have a share in their profits. IIe,v;ho has an income of #40,000 
per year, can easily pay ten per cent, and the one with one million per annvm 
can give up seventy per cent without being hurt. Tlie workingman, who is taxed 
on everything, has the heaviest load to carry 

The workingmen and the farmers will have to pay for the War v/ith their blood. 
If those people who represent an overwhelming majority of ^he population can 
part with almost everj'lihing they possess, even with their lives, why could not 
the rich man sacrifice one part of or, indeed, his entire superfluity? .... 



No measxires for the prosecution of the ^r, however radical, will endanger the 
v/elfare of the rich. The War is an occurrence of a revolutionary character, 
and consequently, demands extraordinary, revolutionary regulations 




Denni Hlasatel , llay 20, 1917, 

/THi R3BOI3r:iy 

(Editorial) 

One of the sens of the "chosen people" tried to scare the -imerican populace 
which is for the Allies, by producing a photoplay naiaed "Spirit of *76," 
This gave groat joy to the Germans, He has, however, scared himself most 
by the prospect of heavy financial losses which are unavoidable if the 
exliibition of the film is not permitted. 




I G BOHffMT.AN 

II E 3 

I F 6 Dennl Hlasatel. May 19, 1917. 

17 

CZECH-AMERICAN CONGRSSSJMN AGAINST 
FOODSTUFF PROFITESRS 

(Suamary) 

Congressman A, J, Sabath of Chicago presented a measure to the House of 
Representatires which measure purports to make speculation in foodstuffs 
a crime before the law. 




I G 30ii.;:i.:i/i: 

II B 2 f 

III D Denni laasatol. Hay 19, 1917. 
I C 

I K OUR P^GPL2 .JiD '1113 ;iI3HIG.'i!'I JGD CP.033 

17 

(Suinmary) 

There is no doubt that our activities v;ithiii the sphere of the Red Cross v;ill 
bring Qood. results. In the beginning, tho fencile members of the ookol 
gymnastic societies vjere those v;ho enlisted. Other influential organizations 
follov/ed their example. Business men, banlcers, and others took heed also. 
The number of men and v;onen of our stock v;ho have enlisted runs into the 
thousands. Ilany concerns announced themselves as members, and so did all 
their employees. 

Schools for Red Cross service arc being conducted in the halls of the 
Plzenslcy Jokol (Pilsen district ookol Gymnastic society) v/here Doctor Hudis 
Jicinslcy teaches; in the Sokol Chicago, v;ith Doctor A. Zueller lecturing, 
and in the cJokol Eavlicek Tyrs under the direction of Doctor L. Fisher, 




I G - 2 - Boini:L-.H 

II B 2 f 

III D Denni Klasatel . I.Iay 19, 1917. 
I C 

I K Although great interest on the part of our people is evident, 
17 there are many places yet to be filled. 

In order to nake the niimber of Czech members of the Red Gross properly 
conspicuous, v;e advise and urge all future members to register at the 
Czech branch. The more Czech members we can muster the better our Czech 
cause will be served, olips declaring intention to join v/ill be received 
by Mr. Hajicek at the Lav.ndale Jtate Bank, where the headquarters of oiir 
Czech branch are located. By proving that v;e are doing our duty v;e v;ill 
v/in the support of the i^ericans. 




III D 

Denni Hlasatel. Llay 18, 1917. 

FOH TIE IGD CROSS 

There was a nesting of the airrangements comaittee of the Czech branch of the 
American Red Cross last night, llr. /inton Cermak, chairman, annoxmced that 
the committee had succeeded in securing the assistance of various organiza- 
tions for the r.onster parade and mass meeting to be held next Tuesday. 
They are: Rubringer's band, Ceslco-Denicky Peveclcy 3bor (Czech ..orkingmen^s 
Singing Society), the Octet of the Singing society, Rieger, and the Daily 
Nev;s music band, l^lve hundred Boy Scouts, all volunteers, v;ho are not yet 
in Uncle 3am*s service, the nurses, mounted police, bailiffs of the Ifunicipal 
Covirt, Camp Fire Girls, United States Ilavy men, cadets of the Harrison Iligh 
School, and others, vail participate. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

III B 8 

II D 1 Dennl ELaaatel. May 15, 1917. 
II D 3 

IV THE CZECH RED CROSS BRANCH 

(Summary) 

The final resolution to create a Czech branch of the American Red Cross 
was passed at a meeting held in the hall of the Czech Beneyolent Society 
last night* Those present were in general members of either the Czech 
National Alliance or the Czech IMion. After the accejytance of the reso- 
lution, officers were elected* Mr. Anton Cermak became president of the 
Czech Red Cross branch, Mr. Vanek, secretary, and l£r* HaJfSek, treasurer* 

All of our biisinessmen are to be supplied with lists in order to collect 
contributions • 

^e arrangements committee is composed of Doctor Smetanka for the Czech 
National Alliance, Karl Radous for the Czech Catholic Alliance, and Jan 




I - 2 - BOHSMIAN 

III B 2 

II D 1 Penal Hlasatel. May 15, 1917, 
II D 3 

17 Sokol for the Czech Benevolent Society. Doctor Blahnilc was 
appointed branch physician • • • • • 



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m. 



I G • BOHEMIAN 

I G (German) 

Dennl Elasatel . May 15, 1917 • 

DANGEROUS INDIFFERENCE 

( Editorial-Svuamary ) 

We are facing the most powerful, and pitiless enemy with whom any nation ever 

had to contend If we win, we will have assured safety for our beautiful 

country - if not, the entire world will become the servant of the victorious 
Teutons. 

The great masses of our population are strangely apathetic in the face of this 
great crisis. If you ride on the street car, you will hear people tallting a- 
bout everything vuider the sun except the war. 

More excitement was manifested when the European war broke out than now, when 

America is involved Neither the introduction of compvilsory service, nor 

the war taxes, nor even the war loan awakened our people from their lethargy. 




I G -2- BOHBt.gAN 

I G (German) 

Dennl Hlas fi tel . May 15, 1917. 

The only ones who indicate any awareness are those who are swaiiq)ing Washing- 
ton with protests against war taxes, and those who are profiteering by the war, 
and are anxious to gain as nuch as possible from it. 

A local German paper, known to be pro-German, declares that the war cannot last 
much longer since Germany cannot take the risk of a still more prolonged struggle. 
The opinion of the German paper indicates clearly that the next battles will be 
decisive. 

The only danger that threatens us is our own indifference. Everyone of us must 
become fully aware of the responsibility taken by the United States. 




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BOHEMIAN 



Dennl ELasatel. May 14, 1917. 



FOR THE BED CROSS 

The small benevolent society Cerchov (name of a mountain in Bohemia) has 
donated $100 to the Merican Red Cross. We xirge other organizations to 
follow this example of which the Cerchov may be justly proud* 




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B0H3JI.VN 



Denni Hlasatel, May 13, 1917 • 
moil TH5 C23CK NATIONAL ALLIi^NCS • 

(Placsimile of a handvrritten letter sent to 
the editor for publication. ) 

The undersigned menbers of the accoimting coEiniittee, acting upon request 
of the Ijstfedni Tybor (Central Cornnittee) and of the Cleveland Conference 
of the Czech National .illiance, have exanined all the books and notes 
relating to the financial aspect of the Central Coinnittee*s activities. 

The bookkeeper's records have been inspected five tines per year by the 
bookkeeping branch of the Central Coimr.ittee • Our comniittee has gone 
over the accounts for the yeair 1916, and for the first three months of 
1917. '..e declare that .v;e have found them in the best of order. The 
treasurer, LIr. J. F. Stepina, the bookkeeper, I.Ir. ."kdolph Lonek, and the 
assistant-boolckeeper, llx, J. V. Votava, deserve full recognition for 




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Denni Illasatel , llay 13, 1917 • 



BOKEl.IIi\lT 



their honest and painstaking vrork. 

For certain reasons, it is not advisable to publish the financial report 
before the end of the war. './e, therefore, are subnitting here only a 
fev; figures, fron v/hich the members of the Czecli national Alliance who 
have made contributions for the vjork of the Alliance maj'' be able to 
judge whether their raonies liave been used in a judicious manner. 

Of the amount received by the Ustredna (Central Cormittee) in 1916, 
service required 2,4 per cent, hall rents took 1.2 per cent, rent and 
supplies for the office ,5 per cent, traveling expenses .45 per cent, 
printing .75 per cent, postage .1 per cent. 

In compliance with the renuest of the Central Committee we are willing 
to examine the accounts every three months and to present the results 
to the public. 




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State of Illinois, 

County of Cook 
April 28, 1917, 



BOHSMIAI^r 



Denni Hlasatel , liay 13, 1917. 

Signed: Jan A, Cervenka 

Joseph Klicka 

(Sworn to Yaclav (James) Vanek 

(before 

(Robert J, Koshka, Ilotary Public* 




III B 2 

II D 1 Dennl Hlasatel. I.Iay 13, 1917. 

IV 

FROM TEE CZ2CH BaiSVOIZIMT SOCETT 

(Summary) 

The directorate of the Ceska Dobrocinna opolecnost (Czech Benevolent 
Society) held a meeting last 5^iday evening, Ilr. .oiton J. Cemak presid- 
ing. Tlie group decided to initiate irariediately an intensive and extensive 

canpaign for the benefit of the Red Cross The oociety considers 

this decision in the light of a sacrod duty in view of the vi&v v;hich has 
been forced upon iimerica by rapacious Gen.iany ..... A coiiimittee of 
seven v;as formed v/hich is to contact the Czech llational /dliance for the 
purpose of cooperating vath then. The campaign will be inaugurated at a 
mass-meeting in Pilsen Park. Tliis gathering will be addressed by the Hon. 
Charles Vopicka, United Gtates minister to Hounania, Doctor '^idis Jicinsky, 
and Doctor Cunat. The latter tv;o are members of the medical delegation to 




. W.P.A. s) 

III B 2 

III D 1 Deimi IHasatol , Llay 13, 1917, 

17 

Serbia; they also represent the Red Cross headouarters. The mass 
meeting probably will be called for next Thursday. 



I Q BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 f 

II B 2 g Dennl Hlasatel. May 13, 1917. 

II D 1 

II D 3 THE AMERICAN RED CROSS 

III D 

I K (Letter by Dr. L. Rudfs Jiclnsky, Summary) 

IV 

It is ImperatlTe that large numbers of us Join the Red Cross in order 
to support that humanitarian institution which has done a great deal for us. 
We owe it gratitude for, from the beginning of the World War, it has saved 
the lives of thousands of our fellow-countrymen «4io fought on Exu'opean 
battlefields. It has also taken care of the delivery of packages to our 
wounded soldiers. The Red Cross has accomplished admirable work in the 
medical field especially in combat Ing the typhoid epidemic in the soldiers* 
camps in Serbia. It helped the wounded, the sick and the starving in prison 
camps. Special mention must be miade of the care with vdiich money affairs 
were handled. 

The Red Cross is making preparations to extend its activities. Like any 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 f 

II B 2 g Dennl Hlaaatel. May 13, 1917. 

II D 1 

II D 3 other benevolent group, it needs a great deal of money for its 

III D work. Without money no activity is possible. It is absolutely 
I E necessary that we beocoie members; one or two dollars will not 
I? iiiQ>overish anyone* 

Our boys have enlisted for service, not only in Ibcle Sam*s, but also in 
the Canadian armies* Membership in the Red Cross does not exact frcoi us 
service at the front, but it will ask our financial assistance i^enever 
it is needed* In earlier wars women played the role of the bereaved* 
Today, however, when women compote with men in cosnmerce, industry, and 
education, it is her duty to participate also with the men yrko have had 
to remain at home* Women can be employed in factories manufacturing war 
supplies, in kitchens, and in offices doing the clerical work necessary 
for the carrying-on of the war 

Ijae Red Cross is now organizing classes for men and women where instruction /p 




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Dennl Hlasatel. May 13, 1917 • 



BOHEMIilT 



is given in the required work* In the Czech branch, which 
has been founded by wcmen members of the Sokol gymnastic 
societies and by zealous workers of other Czech organizations, 
there will be tau^t besides somatology, physiology, dietetics, 
food preparation, sanitation and hygiene* One of the main 
subjects of course, will be the handling of hospital materials* Iliere will 
be booklets, issued by the Red Cross headquarters, for supplementary in- 
struction; these will be bought by the C2»ch branch out of its own funds* 

The Czech Red Cross schools are located in the headquarters of the Sokol 
Chicago and Havlfoek Tyrs Sokol gymnastic societies* Students must be at 
least sixteen years of eige* The lectures will be held on Wednesday and 
i^iday evenings* Doctors A* Mueller and L. Fisher are in charge* Addi- 
tional courses will be opened in Town of Lake or in Cicero if there is 
sufficient demand for them* A minimum of twenty students will form one 
class* Examinations will be held under the supervision of an inspector 




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- 4 - BOHEMIiW 

Dennl Hlasatel. May 13, 1917. 

from the Red Ctobs headquarters, and medals will be awarded to 
honor students* Instruction Is given in both the English and 
Czech languages* 

We cannot imagine a nobler task for women to help alleyiate 
the sufferings of those who are today combating mankind's worst enemy, 
militarism and the Kaiser's lust for expansion* There is only one way 
to annihilate this hydra, and that is through struggle against it* That 
this may be accomplished with the minimum of suffering, the Hed Cross, 
vdiich cares for our soldiers at the front, Bhoiild receive our wholehearted 
support* 

Dr* J* Rudfs Jicinsky* 




I G BOHEl'IAN 

Denni Hlasatel . May 12, 1917. 

^TTA.CK IHAHS: ON KAISER/ 

(Editorial) 

'*3very shot that misses is a loss." This Czech proverb must have been in 
the minds of everyone who read the nev;s that some disloyal subject of his 
spleeny; divine majesty, kaiser of all the Germans, had tried to take a 
whack at him. V.liat a shame the fellow was not a better marksnani 




I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dennl Hlaaatel. May 12, 1917. 

/PATRIOTiai OF TEIE CAPITALIST^ 

(Editorial) 

J Almost everybody, v;ho, in compliance with the proposed V.'ar measures, is to 

; contribute in taxes to defray ;.he costs of the v/ar, has risen in protest . 

,1 # • • • 
I 

tlanufact\arers and other wealthy people complain loudly of being taxed dis- 
proportionately. They contend that the burden placed upon their shoulders 
will jeopardize the success of the '.Var loan. 

Eere we have glaring evidence of their conception of patriotic sentiment, 
which they profess conspicuously, but to v;hich they refuse to attest the 
moment their pockets are concerned. As a matter of expediency, it v;ould be 
good if V/ashington ignored their hovding^and v/ould throw the burden upon 




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Dennl Illasatel. :.:ay 12, 1917, 



boh:]::i:ij 



those who can pay, and not upon the small man, vviio is already panting under 
the weif^it of high prices, a conconitant of tho v;ar. 




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I BOHSJIAIT 

I C 

Denni Illasatel. Hay 9, 1917. 

(-ilditorial) 

The contincent of our younr; men v;ho recently enlisted for service consists 
nostly of Slovaks. The Chicago .'Jlovaks are striving to outdo the Czochs. 
May they continue to do so; it can do nuch r-ood for our coiiTiOn cause. 




I G BOHKtiilAI^' 

III D 

Denni HLasatel . May 9, 1917. 

YOUR CH/ilJCE TO BUY VZAR BONDS 

The new Goverment V/ar Bonds have been placed on the market. They are a safe 
investment, and expected to be boxight rapidly, the rate of which this will be 
done is to be measiired by the people's patriotic sentiment. 

The First Trust and Savings Bank, on Dearborn and Monroe Street, offers to the 
public an advantageous easy payment plan, which will enable those of moderate 
means to do their duty. 





I G BOI-IEt.!Ii\N 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel , Llay 8, 1917. 

BSAUTIFUL '.VORDS, BUT IvULfGl wORIfcJ 

(Editorial) 

( Suranary ) 

One of the articles in last Stmday's Fackel . organ of the Gerinan Socialists 
of Chicago, is replete with beautiful sentences. V/ere that paper repre- 
sentative of the Germans, or at least of a majority of them, there would 
be some hope for us that the War is nearing its end, and that universal 
brotherhood is at our door. Hov/ contradictory, however, to the spirit of 
the article is the sentiment of the Germans here, and of the German Socialists 
in particular! These people proclaim ostentatiously to stand up for the 
Government, but do nothing tov/ards the attainment of peace, of a permanent 
peace, which v/ould bring about the liberation of the nations groaning under 
the German yoke, and so create a guarantee against the possibility of 



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another V/ar, 



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Dennl Hlasatel. Way 6, 1917, 



BOHS!.:iiiN 



The article reads: "The V/ar is killing thousands of thousands, and 
maiming millions . • • • • V/hat is the cause of this? The V/ar is the 
fruit of our capitalistic social order, and of the imperialistic aspira- 
tions of those above us . • . , • Hatred among the nations, that ugly- 
trait, is the immediate result of greed for woney and lusting after pov/er 
on the part of the masters. How far this enmity has progressed is hard 
to depict. No country was spared from it .... • Should this hatred 

be spread over the United States also ? Let us have no room 

for hatred; men of reason cannot become infected with it. The ruling 
classes use it as a means to induce the people to allov; themselves to be 
torn to pieces to the advantage of the rich ....." 




The Fackel thus condemns hatred, and we agree in essence that nations 
shoiild not hate each other. V.liat ought to be hated, however, are the 



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Demii Hlasatel. Ifey 8, 1917. 



BOHEMIM 



bad, pernicious qualities of certain nations, and these nations must be 
taught to cast off these characteristics, so as to become different and 
better, instead of striving to destroy brotherhood by hatred. 

The Germans of the German Empire, as v;ell as those of Austria, together 
v;ith their Allies, the Magyars, have not taken any steps to allay hatred 
among nations. On the contrary they have done everything in their power 
to stir it up to the highest pitch, and profit by the consequences . . • 
• • The Germans of Austria-Hungary, and the Magyars, constantly used 
violence against the Slavonic nations, which nations were treated as 
underdogs in their ovm homeland. By this policy, they sought to win the 
good v.'ill of mighty Mother Genaania, and use it to promote their aims 
towards a dominating position over the Slavonic majorities. And frirther, 
when the latter sought redress, the Socialist representatives in parlia- 
ment opposed them, though they v/ere the leaders in the movement for 
brotherhood, equality, and justice. The result was that the Germans 




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Denni Hlasatel. Llay 8, 1917, 



B0H3I.IIAN 



always were in the advantage, and the Socialists had to drag along behind 
them • • • • • 



, V- 



Prussian militarists, not the German people, are hated by the ^erican 
nation. If the Germans could divorce themselves from the allegiance to 
their bad principles, hatred would vanish, and the War could be termi- 
nated. 



I G 

I D 1 a 

I F 6 



BOHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlasatel, May 7, 1917, 

/MARE OF FOOD SPECULATORS/ 

(Editorial ) 

Congress is becoming convinced gradually that one of the most important 
things to do now is to pass a measxire curbing the activities of food 
speculators. The steps taken by the government up to the present are 
insufficient. One senator proposes a law which should declare such prof- 
iteering unlawful. An abundance of foodstuffs is said to be in the co\m- 
try, yet our Chicago speculators carry on their dishonest trade. Nothing 
will stop them if some are not put behind the bars. 

Conscription of our young men has been passed by Congress. It is high 
time now to conscript foodstuffs also. The government ought to take over 
the management of the large food producing concerns, especially the stock 
yards. If this is not done, the danger of a food shortage may become a 
reality. Jailing the profiteering leeches might produce the desired / 
results. ' 




I G BOHEMIAN 

I D 1 a • 

I D 1 l» 

Denni Hlasatel . May 7, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

(Summary) 

It is expected that the ouota f or the into billion War bond issue of the United 
States will be filled soon. ..•• Before the 'Var, United States bonds were 
ouickly absorbed, as a rule, by the capitalistic interests, who made an 
enormous profit on them«.... This time, how«ver, the small laan also will 
have 8 chence to become Uncle Sam's creditor. His investment will be a 
perfectly safe one. 




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BOHSL'IIM 



Dennl Hlasatel, May 6, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

(Suniniary) 

The sham battle which v/as staged in Lincoln Park a few days ago did not 
have for its p\irpose the entertainment of the public as it seemed to some. 
The military display did not do anything like depicting actual combat, in 
fact, it fell short by a long way of achieving this end. It created in the 
minds of aaAy the misconception that War is mere play, 

Vfliat the exhibition should have accomplished was the realization that the 
Iftiited States is actually at War, It is high time to awaken the people 
to the fact that there is no room for toying, and that we are fighting a 
great military power , • • • , 



I G - 2 - BOHEI>lIflN 

III D 

I C Dennl Hlasatel. May 6, 1917, 

Even Theodore Roosevelt, the famous Rough Rider, still believes that all 
that is left to do is to drum up one or two divisions, and send them to 
Europe, v;here they are to cut everything to pieces. 

Lord Northcliffe recently pointed out that v;e see the V/ar in a rosy light, 
thinJclug • that a few ten thousand soldiers will do for Europe 

It seems that the American people have not warmed up for the occasion 
until compulsory service is introduced •••.• Up to this time, most 
of the patriots have been wont to soothe their conscience by shouting 
phrases, flashing the colors, and assvring the President of their loyalty, 
v/hile the fulfillment of the military duty is accommodatingly conceded by 
them to others. Now it will be everybody's inning who is able-bodied to 
bear arras. If all could start as commissioned officers, no compulsion 
might be needed. Incidentally, Uncle Jam wants more rookies than officers, 
and so no one will escape, if he is able-bodied and not over the age limit. 




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Deiml Hlasatel. May 6, 1917. 



BOHHMM 



After this has been accomplished, there v/ill be only tv/o kinds of patriots 
here: those v;ho follow the Star Spangled Banner into the fight, and those 
who stay at home to cultivate their hone gardens or farms and harvest food- 
stuffs in abundance so that the IMited States v/ill not be in the same 
predicament as are the European countries. The latter kind of patriots 
is equally important as the former, if the United States is to emerge 
from the War victoriously. 




I G 
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BOHSf,^IAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . I/lay 5, 1917. 

CZECH NATIONAL ALLIANCE V.'SLCOTISS JOFFRE 

i 

(Excerpt) . ; 

Doctor Ludwig Fisher, president, and Doctor Jar, Smetanka, secretary, 
of the Czech National Alliance, were presented to General Joffre and 
the other Allied delegates at a banquet in the Audit ori\im Hotel yesterday. 
An interestingly prepared address, expressive of the loyal sentiment 'of 
the Czech-Americans tov/ards the French nation, was delivered by Minister 
Viviani , head of the French delegation, who p;ave evidence of his great 
pleasure, as did the other Allied delegates. The high official assured 
the representatives of the Czech National Alliance that he knew the 
Czechs well, just as he knew the other nations vjho are friendly toward 
France, and that upon his return, he will hasten to convey to his 
government the exDression of the amicable sentiments of the Czechs, 




On this occasion, our reuresentative made the acquaintance of the ?rench 



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Deimi Hlasatel , May 5, 1917, 



BO":i^.:iAI'I 



journalist, Henry Collin, of the nev/s bureau A^^ence Havas, He declared 
that Czech hopes and exertions have a multitude of influential friends 
in France. He also expressed his conviction that the work done by the 
Czech National Alliance will not be in vain. 




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DCiri?-IAlI 



Denni Illasatel . IJay 4, 1917. 
(Editorial) 



The State of Illinois contributes the majority of the volunteers who en- 
list for service in the Arny and llavy, Chicago stands in che front, but 
it v;ould not be able to boast of this honor .vithout the so-called 
•hyphenated Anericans/* that is Czechs, Polen, Slovaks, Croats, and others 
of Slavonic blood, who nirht sei-ve as shining exar.iples to r.any thousands 
of American youths not burdened with the hyphen. 'Phe latter deiTiOnstrate 
their patriotic enthusiasm mostly by waving the Star Spanpled Banner and 
by passing resolutions, v;hile the immigrant is the first to rally behind 
the Stars and Stripes. Ke offers his 
his n&x homeland. 




services, and perhaps his life, to 



I G BOHETi/ITAN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel. May 2, 1917. 

TO WELCOME GENERAL JOFFRE 

The following (izech-Americans will represent their nationality on the committee ^ 
for the reception of General Joffre and the Allied delegates: Dr. Lud, Fisher, >■ 
James F. Stepina, Frank Slcala, Jaroslav Smetanka, and Charles Vopicka, 'p: 

-TO 

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I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel. May 1, 1917 < 



BOHEMIAN 



^Sayor Thompson^ 
(Editorial) 

Ifciyor Thompson is supposed to be the official representative of all Chicago, 
but his latest trick proves that whenever he opens his mouth he is speaking for 
only that part of the population which is still in the harness of Bill 
Hohenzollern. 




I G B0H3>:iAN 

I F 5 

Demil Hlasatel. May 1, 1917, 

^YOR THOMPSON AND THIS FH21TGH DELEGATIOl^ 

(Editorial) 

V/e hope that the French delegation will receive the best impression of x\merica- 
if, at least, it is able to banish memories of Chicago — or rather of that 
"fine guy" Mayor Thompson, with the teutonic spleen belov/ his five gallon hat. 




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BOHSIHAN 



III 


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F 


4 (Norwegian) 




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4 (Swedish) 




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4 (Polish) 




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4 (German) 




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(Ukrainian) 




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Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 30, 1917. 

CZ3CH NATIONAL ALLIANCE ANSV/ERS 
TH3 MAYOR 



A declaration by the Czech National Alliance was published 
which protested against Mayor Thompson's contention that he 
spoke in the name of the Chicago citizenry when he refused 
a reception to General Joffre, of the French Army, and other 
visiting delegates of the Allies. The Mayor spoke his mind 
in the following words: "Chicago is the sixth largest German 
city, the third Czech, and the second Polish, Swedish, and 
Norwegian. I suppose that if a mayor extended an official 
welcome to representatives of some of the nations participating in the War, 
he would be arrogating too much power in assuming that the entire population 
agreed with the welcome." 



The Czech National Alliance replied as follows: "We hasten to assixre you, 
Mr. Mayor, that you are very much at fault if you harbor any doubts about the 




I G - 2 - - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Illasatel . Apr. 30, 1917. 

reception to be accorded the guests of the American people by the citizens 
of Czech descent. The French and the British commissioners are not only men of 
personal distinction, but they also represent nations with which we are vmited 
and upon whom we rely in our struggle against German despotism. When the 
guests of the government decide to come to Chicago, the people of Czech blood 
will appear in full force, to the last man, to welcome them." The declaration 
is signed by Dr. L. J. Fisher, chairman, and J. S. Smetanka, secretary, of 
the Czech National Alliance, 

The Slavonic Alliance, in which are represented, besides the Czechs, the 
Slovaks, Serbians, Croats, Slovenians, Russians, and Ukrainians also sent 
a declaration: "Mayor Thompson did not voice the sentiments of the Chicago 
Slavonic peoples when he declined to welcome the delegates of the French 
and the British governments. As far as the Slavonic peoples are concerned 
he should not hesitate, for they are wholeheartedly with America, and in 
doubting this-^ the Mayor insulted them grossly." The Polish National 
Alliance issued a similar protest. 



I G BOHBiyilAN 

III D 

Dennl HI as at el , Apr. 29, 1917. 

A LAST OPPORTUNITY, MAYBE 

We have printed an abundance of articles on the advantages of early enlist- 
ment for service in the United States Army and Navy. We have also pointed 
out that the large number of enlistments by our young Czech-American men 
will have a decisive influence upon the attitude of the federal authorities 
towards us. We have also emphasized that such enlistments will help to keep 
the Czech-Americans together in one military unit. During the first days of 
enthusiasm, much was spoken about it, and exertions were made toward the 
creation of a Czecho-Slovak regiment, which, however, failed to materialize. 
The officers of the United States Aimy thereupon assured us they would see 
to it that Czecho-Slovak volunteers were concentrated in certain companies 
at least. Judging by letters received by us from our volunteers at Jeffer- 
son Barracks, Mo,, these promises have been fulfilled wherever possible. In 
accordance with the latest orders from the War Department, volunteers shall 
not be kept here until they form a group, but they must be sent immediately 
to the training camps. The probable reason for this may be an impending 
introduction of compulsory service. 




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Dennl Hlasatel, Apr, 29, 1917. 



BOHEMIAN 



Nevertheless, Captain Kenny, of United States Army, chief recruiting officer 
for the Chicago district, succeeded in winning the permission for Czech re- 
cruits to stay in Chicago until their numbers have grown sufficiently large 
to be transported to the camps in a body. The permission will not be effec- 
tive until next Monday evening. This seems to be the last opportunity for 
our volunteers to serve the United States together with their fellow-country- 
men. 

The Czecho-Slovak volunteers are being greeted at Jefferson Barracks urtth 
great enthusiasm, and they are treated with utmost consideration. Many 
letters testify to this. 



The United States Army officers are experiencing one difficulty with the 
volunteers. They find it difficult to pronounce the Slavonic names, but in 
their commands at mess, tattoo (lights out2), and taps, they refer to them 
as "The Czech Soldiers." 




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BOHEvHAN 



Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 29, 1917. 
COLOKEL THEODORE ROOSEVISLT IN GHICACX) 
(Suimnary) 



As is known, Roosevelt intended to form and equip a division for service 
in Europe. The Czech National Alliance supported the idea by urging 
Czech volunteers to enlist in the proposed unit. Congress, however, 
forbade the execution of the plan. 




I G BCHa^IAN 

I K 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 29, 1917. 

L-EDEU^I BSS2DY (TOPIC FOR SU1®AY) 

(Stumnary) 

Some people still think that this '.Var is just a very interest iiig picnic, 
and that it can be won when they vow several times a day that they will 
remain loyal to the flag. If they will wear, so they think, a few modish 
articles displayed in the show windows, as red, white, blue ribbons, they 
will have done everything necessary to smash kaiserism. Fashion adjusts 
itself very quickly to certain conditions. Pins, buttons, etc., are made 
to fit the time of War. 



The habit of wearing patriotic apparel is not costly. Young men, who 
would begin to shiver in the neighborhood of a recruiting station, like 
to buy collars with red, white, and blue printed on them. A similar 




I G - 2 - . BOHE^aAN 

I K 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 2v, 1917. 

pattern is used for ladies' slippers; stockings with a miniature Star 
Spangled Banner woven in are much in vogue 

Aiaong the many exhibits of that sort of patriotic fervor, there are such 
as military uniforms for ladies. But this iS not the latest. There is 
a camp at Lake Geneva where there are some soldiers, but the majority are 
women in uniforms that resemble those of Uncle Sam's regular soldiers; 
only they are better cut, more nifty than those of the doughboys. The 
women hold target practice. They will not of course, go to War. Their 
help will not be needed even for home defense. This kind of play is, 
however, much more comfortable than honest work done in the service of 
the Red Cross, 




I G BOEEL'HAI'T 

I B 3 b 

1 C Denni Klasatel . Apr. ?S, 1917. 

MORE ABOUT PATRIOTIC FERVOR 

(Editorial) 

"V/e v/rote about American patriotic enthusiasm in this space one week ago. 
We are reverting to that subject because the present time lends itself 
fittingly to an elaborate discussion. \'le have been deploring a certain 
coolness among the native American youth, which is evident enough to fill 
anyone from our ranks with embarrassment. It is not that which v/e read 
about or hear of the native American, but it is the very slow rate at 
which the American youths enlist for service v;hich astonishes us. The 
recruiting office, and even the V/ar Department itself, furnishes data 
which show clearly that more than tv/o-thirds of the volunteers hail from 




I G 



I 
I 



3 3b 
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- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 28, 1917. 



B0II3I.:iAlI 



the strata of the iimiigrant populace; that these very same volunteers 
for the nost part have been Members of the Sokol (gymnastic) societies. 
The official reports also prove that the ..ajority of the volunteers have 
been in the United States only a s .ort time and that Liany have only 
taken out their first naturalization papers, Vie are sure that these 
n imbers v/ill not be subject to a More favorable ad ju .tiient up to the 
present day. It v/ill be surTjrising if they should not au^ear in still 
more Glaring disproportions to those of the last week. 

It certainl:'- is v/orthv/hile to think of the causes v/hy the American youth 
of unmired A-aerican blood still turns a deaf ear to the appeal of our 
President, of our G-ovemi.ient , and of our country itself, in a moment 




I G - 3 - BOHSMIAN 

I B 3 b 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 28, 1917. 

when the need of support is most pressing, We do not think that in order 
to find the cause we will have to turn unto a path either too long-winded 
or steep. It is the haste, pure and simple, the characteristic trait of 
American life, which finds its climax in the chase after the almighty dol- 
lar, and which leaves its mark everywhere. It can be traced primarily into 
family life which is not only one-sided, but very superficial also. There 
are very few factors which would tend to instill into the soul of a child 
moral conceptions of a deeper character such as should be the essence of pa- 
triotic and national enthusiasm. After a child has attained the proper age, 
it is sent to school where it is accorded almost the same bringing up. If any 
American consciousness is awakened in the child, it is purely that of the ego, 
and based on selfishness and lust for profit. It may also take its support 
from tho\ightless fematicism, /vhich for its very thoughtlessness, becomes sterile 
and empty. 




'i G - 4 - • BOHBML\U 

I B 3 b 

I C Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 28, 1917. 

The roaring and v:histling into v;hica the American youngsters are wont to 
burst at the appearance of the flag cannot be accepted as an emanation of 
patriotic sentiment and national enthusiasm, because that clamor lacks 
any profundity and significance. Equally, the noise made at the sipht of 

marching soldiers seems fliiasy to us The temperament of American. 

youth can be awakened only when personal interest is at stake. 

The bringing up of Czech youth in the old country moved along deeper lines. 
The oppression to v/hich the Czech and other Slavonic nations were exposed 
created a reaction which expresses itself as a sense of self-preservation. 
The iimerican people are not subjected to any similar pressure which would 
threaten their existence. For this reason, Americans exhibit indifference 
even toward questions of paramoxmt importance. 




I G 



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B 3 b 
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Denai Hlasatel , Apr. 28, 1917. 



BOHa.!IAlT 



We would not object to oatriotic claiaor at the sif'^ht of the flag, or the 
pictures of VJashington, Lincoln, or V/ilson; v;e only . ish t'lat Anerica-:s 
acclaiming their great nen would consi ler the sacrifices made by t'len, 
and that they vro\ild becone av;are of the obli-:;itions tov;ard the country, 
Aij^ericans can best denonstrate their sentiiaent by enlisting for service, 
in the United States Amy, 

The Aiaerican youth should try to be an example for the in ■.'.grants, and 
should not allov; the contrary to pass by slaclaiess in enlistment." 




I G BOFFiraA^T 

II B 1 a 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 28, 1917. 

I C (German) 

MILAl^ LUSK AM) HIS MEDALS 

l-ilan Lusk, violin virtuoso and son of a well-known Chicago-Czech lawyer, 
was forced to fight in the War on the side of Austria. Durinf the time 
spent there, he gave many concerts for the benefit of the Austrian Red 
Cross. This eased his enforced sojourn in that country where Czech-Amer- 
icans were known as staunch friends of the Allies. The Austrian govern- 
ment presented him with a cross. That token of recognition bears the in- 
scription "Gott Strafe SnglandS" (l&y the Lord punish Snglandl), which 
was one of the field cries of the Central Powers. Mr. Lusk keeps it as 
a sad souvenir of the conditions he had observed, and of the hardships he 
had to undergo before he finally succeeded in returning to his native 
Chicago. 

During his travels through Allied countries he continued his humanitarian 
activities by giving concerts to aid the Allied Red Cross. For this nobie 



/' 






I G - 2 - bohslg:an 

II B 1 a 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 28, 1917. 

I C (German) 

work, he was awarded a distinction in the form of a cross, which he 
treasures as a keepsake. 

As already reported, Mr, Lusk has returned to American only recently. 
He will appear before the Chicago public in a concert toy 6, 



G< ^ 



■^ 



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III D 
I C 



BOHEMIAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 27, 1917. 
LAST GREETINGS 



(Telegram by the Press Bureau of the Czech National Alliance in America) 

Winnipeg, Canada, April 24, 1917, The Czech-American voliinteers among 
whom are many Chicag08ins, on their way to the European battlefields, are 
sending greetings to the Czechs and Slovaks in the United States. Itfe 
expect that all Czechs and Slovaks who are able to bear arms will enlist 
for service in the United States Array, and that they will make every 
effort to take part in actual fighting in the struggle for the freedom of 
the smaller nations, and for democracy. V/e sincerely thank the Czech 
National Alliance in America for the banner donated to us, and we vow 
that we shall fight xinder it to the last drop of blood. Victory or 
deathl Glory to the Czech National Alliance in America for having joined 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

I C Dennl ELasatel . Apr. 27, 1917, 

in the fight for the liberation of the smaller nations, glory to the 
United States of America, fighting with France, Britain, Russia, and 
Italy I Do not let us forget our beloved ones whom we are leaving behind. 
Do your, patriotic duty voluntarily as we are fulfilling ours. 

The Czech volunteers of the 223rd Canadian Battalion. 




I G 



I C 
III H 
III D 
IV 



BOHBMEAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 27, 1917. 

UNDER THE RED AND '•nUTE BANNER 
(From the Press Bureau of the Czech National 
Alliance of America) 



(Summary) 



Frequent appeals from overseas directed to Czech and Slovak America 
have been left unheeded. They urged our Sokols (gymnastic organizations) 
to take active part in the struggle for the independence of Bohemia ' 
and Slovakia. Newspapers of Paris, France have been suggesting the 
formation of a Czech-American division which could be used at a 
moment's notice for the trenches over there. The Austrian Foreign 
Minister,Czernin, has received a report in which one of the Austrian 
consuls claims tc have thwarted the sending of 20,000 Czech-American 



I G - 2 - BOHSI^IAIT 

I C 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 27, 1917. 

Ill D 

17 

Sokols to Ceinada from whence they were to be transported by ilnglish 
ships to the front in France. 

Mr. Kupka, who has been in the French trenches for the past two 
years, sent us a telegram: "Follow our example I" Our leader, 
Professor Thomas G, Masaryk, addressed us from across the ^ea with 
a slogan: "Az Do Tech Hrdel A Statkul" ( Go to the limit: ) 

The first fco answer the call were members of the Czech National 
Alliance in Michel, Alta., Canada. They are in England today. 
The first in the United States were our brave boys who are going 
aboard ship with the 223rd Canadian Battalion bound for abroad. 




I G 
I C 
III H 
III D 
IV 



- 3 - 

X 

Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 27, 1917. 



BOHEIvIIAN 



There is a goodly number of them, and though they did not succeed 
in forming a full company, they have done their duty. 



The last days before their departure the volunteers spent in the 
garrison of Portage La Prairie. There a red and white banner, the 
gift of the Czech National Alliance in America, was presented to 
them. Two representatives of the central committee of the Czech 
National Alliance carae by train from V/innipeg. They were J. 
TvTBicky, secretary, and J. V. Votava, both from Chicago. The 
same train brought high government and military officials, and 
a group from the branch of the Czech National Alliance in 
V/innipeg. 




I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I C 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 27, 1917. 

Ill D 

IV 

The* railway depot was the scene of a -^lorious ovation for the volunteers. 
The farewell ceremonies were opened by Cairtain Hanneson, commander of 
the contingent xinder whom drills were held, l&r', Votava then delivered 
a letter from Doctor L. J. Fishher, president Czech National Alliance 
in America, to Captain Hanneson. In it assurance is j?:iven that the 
Czech volunteers in the Canadian Army will do their best to be worthy 
of their Czech co trades in other bodies of the Allied Armies. Captain 
Hanneson thanked them, and gave words of high praise to the Czech 
people. 



The following day the Czech volunteers performed drills before GeneraJ. 
Hughes, who pronounced them to be in excellent condition. In the 




I G - 5 ^ BOHSMIAN 

I C 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 27, 1917. 

Ill D 

IV 

afternoon, Mr, J. Tvrzicky delivered an addjress which moved many to tears. 
The red and v;hite banner was presented by Mr. J. V. Yotava, and was 
received by Sokol Frana KLepal, color sergeant, who knelt down, kissed 
the banner and vowed to bring it back victorious. The ladies distributed 
souvenirs. ?he anthem "Kde Domov Muj" {^.Vhere is my Homeland?) was sung 
with fervor. 

Today the volunteers are on the ocean. Our most cherished hopes and 
longings accompany them. 




' I G BOHEMIAN 

V^ ~ 

Dennl Hlaaatel . Apr. 26, 1917. 

PROMOTES HIMSSLF TO LIEUTKNANCY 

(Summary) 

A combination of craving for the glamour of the uniform and patriotic 
exertion, to help in recruiting our Czech young men, brought our 
fellow countryman, Eduard Fritz, in contact with the Federal 
authorities. The latter, luckily for the young man, made a very 
sane diagnosis of the case so that no harm came forth. 

For several days, a young man appeared in the Pilsen Sokol 
recruiting station daily. He was dressed in the uniform of a 
lieutenant of the United States Cavalry. His pleasant approach 
and correct behavior made him liked by the young men with whom 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

V B 

Derml Hlaaatel . Apr. 26, 1917. 

he conversed in a jovial manner, and whom he urged to enlist, depicting 
to them the charms and values of army life. Sergeant Vosatko, of the 
United States Army, in charge of the recruiting station, did not at 
first pay much attention to the presence of the young "officer"; In 
fact, he seemed pleased to see someone stimulating the ambition of the 
future defenders of the coxintry, for this eased his own burden. 

The "lieutenant" began to feel at home in the station. One day he 
brought along a sword with a silver hilt which he declared he had received 
as a token of popularity while serving in the cavalry of the militia. 
Using it as a symbol of his military distinction, he taught the boys in the 
station, and also in a nearby saloon, the rudiments of military drill, 
lining them up, and raising his voice in true commanding manner. 




I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

V B 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 26, 1917, 

Mr. Euzel, who is directing the civilian affairs of the station, In 
Inspecting the sword, foimd two letters, E. P. (denoting Knights of 
Pythias) engraved upon the scabbard and pointed out to the yo\mg 
man that no officer would wear a similar weapon. Fritz declared the 
latter to be merely a gift which was meant as a decoration. This 
explanation satisfied Mr. Kuzel apparently, but it did not convince 
him. 

It was further noticed that the "lieutenant** contradicted himself 
frequently, and so It happened that two United States Secret Service 
men brought him before United States Comniissioner Mason. After an 
Investigation, he was turned over to Federal Judge Landis. The latter took 
Into consideration the fact that there was only one serious charge, that 
of unlawfully representing himself as a United States officer, 
pending against Fritz. Favorable evidence also was presented. 




I G 
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Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 26, 1917 < 



BOHEMIAN 



showing that the self-styled "ofi'icer" had been discharged from the 
militia on account of poor eyesight, and when War was declared by 
America, he had tried three times unsuccessfully to enlist for 
service. Urged by an ambition to do his bit, he resolved to 
propagate enlistment among his people, and edged on by his liking 
of a \iniform, he had dressed as a lieutenant. The court adjudged 
him to be a dreamer, who foolishly got himself into trouble, put 
him under a light bond, set him free with a warning, and emressed 
the hope that after this temporary mental aberration, he will find 
an outlet for his befogged idealism other than trying to bamboozle 
the people. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

I D 2 a (4) 

I F 2 Dennl Hlaaatel, Apr. 25, 1917, 

I F 3 

I F 6 IN THE DAIVN OF RSVOLOTIONS 

(Editorial-Summary) 

"The insane autocrats of Berlin and their serrants in Vienna surely did not 
imagine what unbounded, secret forces they unleashed on mankind when they 
attacked Servia, and so started the World War." 

"It is through the voice of its greatest statesman since Lincoln's time that 
the great American Republic is getting rid of the mendacious and deceitful 
conceptions concerning the real meaning of the struggle in Europe, and, in 

the nick of time, it is going to the aid of jeopardized liberty of mankind. 

It 
• . • • 

"The War has ceased to be a conflict between two hostile capitalistic camps 




I Q - 2 - BOHBLHAN 

I D 2 a (4) 

I F 2 Dennl Hlaaatel . Apr, 25, 1917, 

I F 3 

I J;. 6 as claimed by our blinded Socialists, if it ever was that at 
all. The War is one of the revolutionary eruptions which is 
shaking the foundations of various European states at the present time." 

"It is really imthinkable that the brilliant example of the Russian people 
should not be emulated by other nations who have up to the present been 
subjected to medieval monarchistic systems. The gaze of Czeph people is 
naturally directed toward Austria first, within whose boundaries is impri- 
soned the land of our ancestors, our homeland, from viiich we were driven 
by an xinbearable political and economic oppression, Vi/hat effect the Russian 
revolution has had on our people in the old homeland is hard to tell," 

The Austrian government sees ominous signs for the future, and seeks to 
appease its peoples. The young emperor has promised to reinstate the 



I G 

I D 

I F 

I F 

I F 



(4) 



- 3 - 



Denni Klasatel , Apr, 25, 1917, 



BOHEr.^IAIT 



parliament, which had been dissolved at the beginning of the 
V/ar. No other nation at War had dissolved its parliament. The 
emperor's promise proves that he scents danger. It is ninored, as much 
as is allowed to filter through censorship, that iiimperor Karl is trying 
hard to pull Austria from the grip of Germany, and that he is ready for 
big sacrifices to effectuate a separate peace, ♦♦These efforts are, 
thanks to the Lord, too late .,,,." 

Hopes that Germany also v/ill be seized by the spirit of revolution are 
beginning to crystallize into reality. The violent labor troubles there 
have not the real revolutionary character, true enough, but they are 
heading into revolution nevertheless. The proof for this is given by the 
fact that the labor strikes were not only ignored, but openly suppressed 
by the Social Democrats. 







I G - 4 - BOHE?,^IAN 

I D 2 a (4) 

I F 2 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 25, 1917. 

I F 4 

I F ^ " . . . . The starving Geiroan. people are groping for democracy 
through the darkness of autocracy." 



"Verily, we live in a great time, the importance of which we cannot grasp 
today. Before the War ends, v/e shall s ee a changed world which we are 
\mable to visualize now." 




I G . BOHHa^IAN 

III D 

Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 25, 1917. 

MORE ENLIST FOR SERVICE 

Lively activity marked the last evening in the recruiting station in 
the hall of the Plzensky Sokol (Pilsen district gynaastlo society), A 
larse group of yovmg men enlisted and will be accepted, pending the out- 
come of the medical examinations, follow .names of volunteersj/ 




I G 



BOimilM 



III H 



Dennl Illasatel , Apr. 25, 1917, 
HIASATKL HT HUSSIA 



We have just received a letter fron a fellovz-countryiiaii who is a prisoner 
of V/ar in Russia now. It pictures interestingly the associations and 
general conditions aiionc t .e prisoners. It also conveys a hearty appreci- 
ation of the v/ork done by the Den.xi Hlasatel for the alleviation of the 
sufferings of the nen. Special thanks are also e:q)ressed to the club, 
Beseda Frio, and to Mr, Vokral, v;ho takes care of the transportation of 
the articles donated. The letter cones fron Berislav, Russia, and is 
dated January 11, 1917, 








I G 

II D 10 



BOHmCEAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 25, 1917. 

TO ALL CZECH PEOPLE WJO HAVE GOOD V/ILL 
From the Coiraaittee of the Aid Society 

We should not forget in these tiipbulent times of War the thousands of 
Czech and Slovak brethren who are prisoners of war in Russia, Italy, 
Corfu, and particularly in France, or who work in the shops of the Allies, 
and also those wrtao have not succeeded in joining some Czech organization, 
or the Foreign Legion up to the present time. In all of these camps 
there are many of our men who came from Servia, by way of Italy to 
France, They are in need of clothing and other necessities. They also 
want Czech-American newspapers and books. The latter articles are being 
regularly sent to them by the Narodni Soc, Beseda Fric, which club is 
doing its duty in an admirable manner. Of clothing, however, very much 
is needed, and for this reason the Czech-American Aid Society has decided 
to start action for the purpose of collecting the articles lacking in the 
camps. The ab07« gifts are to be sent to brother Josef Vokral, 1735 7/est 




I G - 2 - BOHSIJIA^J 

II D 10 

Dennl Hlaaatel . Apr. 25, 1917. 

18tli Street. It is iinderstood that clothes and underwear must be per- 
fectly clean and repaired, but they will be disinfected before they are 
placed in the boxes which will be taken care of by the American Eed 
Gross for delivery. This method has been practiced for a long time. 
Gifts of money will be distributed by banks, and even the smallest 
amounts will be appreciated by the Aid Society, 




I K 

I M Denni Hlasaoel , Apr. 24, 1917, 

THZ AtfflRICAlI RED CROSS 

(Summary) 

The American Red Cross has set itself to the task of preventing or 
alleviating htiman suffering in times of V/ar and of peace as well. The 
original purpose of its activities was to serve as a supplement to the 
health department and medical staff of an Army during '.Var time 



The American Red Cross will be thoroughly organized and will display its 
full activity when the time of hostile contact between our Army and the 
enemy has arrived. All men and women will attest to their good will by 
lending their support to the organization. Women will be prominent in 
the fulfillment of these Samaritan duties. Every Czech-American nurse is 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I K 

I M Deimi Hlasatel , Apr. 24, 1917. 

a member of the Red Cross, and so are many other women of our kind. 
We are sure to be well represented in the organization. 




I G 30IIi]i:iAIT 

I F 5 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 23, 1S17. 

^^THEODOI^ ROOSKTSLtJ 

(Editorial) 

Theodore Roose-relt is expected in Ghicai'.o t :is v;eelc to deliver a speech 
to stimulate eagerness for enlistment for service in the United States 
Army, '.7e predict a ..elcone this tine nore hearty than the one extended 
to hin v;hen he caiae as a candidate for tUe presidency. His activity in 
favor of the United States Army v;ill be nore valuable than v/hen he is 
a politician. 




I G 

I A 1 a 
I C 



BCHS1.IIAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 23, 1917, 
TO TEAR "KAISER PAGE" FROM SCHOOLBOOKS 



The school board has obstinately refused to take action on the matter 
of the "Kaiser Story" in the schoolbooks. The Czech National Alliance 
requested that the story be omitted in the next edition of the books. 
As no definite promise could be obtained from the authorities, the 
Alliance advises parents to tear the obnoxious page from the book and 
send it to the Alliance* s office, 3625 '.i, 26th Street. Many thousands 
of pages are expected to arrive; they will be handed over to the school 
board together with a resolution condemning its attitude. The Polish 
National Alliance has promised cooperation. 



m 



I G 

I D 1 a 

I G 



BCIIZLII^T 



Dennl lUasatel. -^pr. 23, 1917. 
(Editorial) 



Kenry Ford, v/ell-laiov/n apostle of peace, has arrived at ttie opinion that 
militarism can be dOT/ned by militarism only; he has follov;ed up this change 
of mind by offering; the vast spaces of his factories to iJngland for the 
manufacture of tractors, "./ithout exactin3 any royalties for the use of his 
patents. He belongs among those ;vho v;ere for peace, but v;ho are ready for 
sacrifices v;hen v;ar is on. He does not v;ant to profit by vrar, as do hordes 
of greedy sharris '.ho v;ould not hesitate to hurl the populace of the country 
into a famine to gain fortunes for themselves. 




I G BOHa.:i.JJJ 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 22, 1917. 

JILVE3TRI»S TESTBIONY 

It Showed That The ^ustricin Consul Used 

His Glib Diplomatic Tongue To Dodge .-Jiswers 

(ouramajpy) 

The offices of the Austrian consulate on La Salle Street resembled a court- 
room yesterday mornin/^;. Statements had to be recorded there that had a 
bearing on the case of Dr. Fr, Iska, who had filed several diimage suits 
for libel in print. 

Consul Silvestri, according to the Providence Journal , was under orders from 
the .'Austrian embassy in '('ashington when he paid Dr. Iska tv/o hundred dollars 
per month as a remuneration for services rendered throu-^ the columns of his 
paper, Vesmir , to the .vustrian government. This v/as quite naturally denied 
by the consul and by Dr. Iska as well. The latter was eager for the denial 
by Silvestri to be recorded before the consul's departure from .America. 



m. 



I G 

II B 2 

III H 



d (1) 



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Denni Illasatel, .ipr. 22, 1917. 



BOHai,iLALI 



Dr. Islra, no doubt, wishes to use the consul's statement in the trial of 
his damage suits. 

The hearini^ v;as conducted by Harry Olson, chief justice of the municipal 
court of Chicago, who appeared v/ith his clerk, LIr, Miller, and his personal 
bailiff. Dr. Iska made his appearance vdth his lawyer; a large group of 
nev/spaper reporters v;ere on hand as v/ell as the lav;yers of the defendants 
in Dr. Iska*s libel suits. It was to be expected that the lawyers v/ould 
exert themselves to drav; admissions from Consul oilvestri which \.ould prove 
the contentions of the defendants to be right. Ilr. Jilvestri, however, 
succeeded in avoiding direct ansv;ers, mostly by resorting to the rif^^t of 
privacy in the affairs of the state represented by a consul. 

Nevertheless, the hearing developed into a lengthy and elaborate one. 
Both parties, to be sure, had agreed to regard the testimony as a whole as 
equally relevant to each of the individual libel suits v;hich had been filed 
against the Chicago Herald , Svomost , Spravedlnost, and the Cesko-31ovanska 



'H. 



I G - 3 - BOHSIvIIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H Dennf Hlasatel . Apr. 22, 1917. 

Jednota /Czech o-31avic Union/. 

Dr. Iska*s lawyer was Mr. Ratkoivic, assisted by Attorney Saltiel; attorney 
Israel Shrimski examined the consul for all the defendants* lawyers. 

The direct examination of the consul brought forth the statement that the 
Austrian consulate in Chicago had never received any money from the .lustrian 
embassy in Washington for the ourpose of paying off Dr. Iska; further, that 
no letter to that effect had ever been exchanged betv/een the consulate and 
the embassy. 'j«hen a letter in Enf^lish translation vras shovm to the v;itness, 
he declared that he had never seen the document; that none of the consular 
employees had anything to do with it; that Dr. Iska had never come to the 
consulate; and finally, that he, Consiil Silvestri, had never knovm Dr. Iska 
except from one telephone conversation v/hich was held two months ago. 
Dr. Iska then had asked the consul for the name of some lav/yer in Rhode Island, 
as he intended to file suit against the Providenc e Journal . Silvestri, with 
the aid of his lawyer, had thereupon sent Dr. Iska a list of lawyers. At the 



I G 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H 



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Dennl Hlasatel , Apr, 22, 1917, 



BOIISI.II.\IT 



same time he had promised Dr. Iska a vrritten statement v/hich could be used 
to support his libel suits. 

The cross-examination undertaken by Attorney 3hrimsi:i in behalf of the 
defendants in the libel suits proved more interesting. The consul admitted 
that he was bound by oath to the Austrian government not to reveal certain 
items in the transactions with his rovernment; he refused to state vihethev 
there are any extra men paid besides the regular eraplo^'-ees. .-.t first he 
evaded Judge Olson's direct c^uestion and finally declared he could give no 
information on the disputed point unless he received instructions from the 
Austrian government. Attorney Shritnski asked the witness if he, the consul, 
thought someone else might have paid Dr. Iska. The witness again refused 
to answer, whereupon the lawyers representing the defendants in the libel 
suits demanded that the entire preceding testimony be stricken out. The 
judge overruled the motion, and the consul's statements thus remained a 
part of admissible evidence. 




i 

' I_G - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III H Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 22, 1917, 

In the course of further examination, the consul admitted being informed of 
the contents of Czech- American papers and, therefore, also of what is being 
printed in Dr, Iska's paper, Veamlr » "In its columns the protagonists of 
liberty for the Czech people are dubbed crazy fools and rabble-rousers," 

The consul later admitted. that, provided he had been authorized by the 
Austrian government, he could have made payments to Dr. Iska, He made the 
additional admission that he not only knew of the libel suits filed by 
Dr* Islca» but that he was eager to know about their results. 

As to Melichar, a collaborator in the Yeamir office, the consul denied ever 
having sent through him articles prepared for publication in said paper, or 
having paid him any money. He said that Silvestri also had no knowledge of 
any money to be distributed among Austrian array officers who had escaped to 
San Francisco from imprisonment in Siberia, Judge Olson did not compel an 
answer to the question whether there existed in America an Austrian-financed 
enterprise engaged in printing and disseminating propaganda. When the session 
ended, the consul left, visibly relieved. 



W.P.A. I 



I G 
III D 
III E 



BCHEl'.aAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 22, 1917. 
FROM SOKOL CAMP TO SOLDIERS* CAIvT 




In these turbulent times when the drill grounds of our Sokol gymnastic 
societies are gradually becoming empty, because the members are taking to 
arms to prove to the Czech people that they have not staked their hopes in 
us in vain, the Sokol Slavoj shall not stand behind. More than one-half 
of the members of the Sokol Slavojj have departed and the other half is 
going to leave Monday night. Thus the entire Sokol Slavoj has enlisted 
to a man, and this has occurred in view of the nearing tenth anniversary 
of the first drill of their group. 

I herewith urge the parents of our pupils to continue to send their children 
to our gymnastic drills, even if most of the instructors have gone to 
where their energies can be made still better use of. All drills will 
be from now on imder the care 6f Sokol brother F. Lisba, assisted by some 
fellow members who are not in a position to depart with us, I am, there- 



j 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

III E Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 22, 1917. /^ 

fore, leaving in the hope, and fully assured, that there will be no inter- \^ 
ruption in the drills. For the instructors* squad of the Sokol Slavoj. 

Vasek Balaban, chief instructor. 




III D 

Denni Hlasatel « Apr. 22, 1917, 

CZECH-A^^KICAN SOLDIERS 
Czech Volunteers Enlist in Gratifying 
Numbers for Service in the U. S. Army 

(Siiininary) 

The enthusiasm of volunteering for the duration of the war is not lagging 
behind the sense of duty which has been awakened by entreaty. Now It Is 
not necessary any more to remind our men of the duty they owe, for the 
Czech-American men know by now that theirs is a double-duty - towards their 
adopted country and towards the land of their ancestors as well. Everybody 
has grasped this, especially our young men vrtio have not slackened in their 
ardor after the first outburst of emotions as was predicted by some doubters. 

The total number of enlisted Czech-Americans is two hundred and fifty, 
^ist of names follows^ 




I G 
III D 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 22, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



In the midst of praise for these men we must not forget the valiant 
small group of our boys who hate departed to Canada, there to join the 
ranks of the neighboring state and to get into action abroad as soon as 
possible; they are bound for the battlefields of France where Czech 
blood has been shed for liberty before. Most of these young heroes 
.hail from Chicago. 




I G BOHBi:iAH 

III D 

III K Dennl Illasatel . Apr. 22, 1917. 

I K 

Patriotism cf czsch sokois/ 

Czech-America has always taken pride in their Sokol organizations, for 
they have always been in the forefront of their people's public life, but 
now we revel at the sight of the young Sokols who do not hesitate to offer 
their services, and even their lives, to their new homeland and at the 
same time for the liberation of their old motherland. The Czech Legion 
consists predominantly of former members of Sokol societies; the men 
surely will gain an honorable standing among all the volunteers. 

It is not the nen alone, however, who rally behind the Star Spangled 
Banner - the girl Sokols, members of the gymnastic societies, have gladly 
enrolled in the Red Cross by creating a Czech branch; the membership in 
the latter /all not be limited to- members of Sokol societies. 



We want to reiterate the success with which the Sokol members met at the 




I G - 2 - BOHEI.!IAN 

III D • 

III E Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 22, 1917. 

I K 

medical examinations; there, the results of Sokol gymnastic training 
became quite conspicuous. Not one of the Sokol recruits v/ere rejected 
at the final examinations at Jefferson Barracks, Mo. Parents should 
take notice and send their children to Sokol drills. 




I G BOHEUvTIAN 

III D 

I C Denni Hlasatel , Apr, 21, 1917. 

VJHERE IS AKERICAU PATRIOTIC FERVOR? 

( Editorial -Summary ) 

The United States has entered a state of war v/ith the German government, 
to do away v;ith Prussian militarism and autocracy; it is not at v/ar with 
the German people. Since the declaration of war we have been witnesses 
to interesting conditions which we do not hesitate to describe to the 50 
public. The latter is well aware that the United States, at whose head ^ 
stands a persevering man, has not plunged into the war for predatory 
purposes or any other selfish motives. It has taken the step only to 
transplant a healthy, strong democracy into Europe, in the interest of 
independence of even the smaller nations. America has hurled itself into 
the fight for an ideal. For the very reason of the greatness and loftiness 
of this ideal, the whole nation, to the last man and woman, should stand 
behind the government which has sanctioned the movement. 



-c 

5> 



-T3 



CjO 

en 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 21, 1917. 

In asking ourselves whether the nation really backs the President in this 
portentous hour, we can, and must, answer in the negative. There are 

differences of opinion as to the way to create an army; members of Congress ^ 

differ among themselves and with the President in regard to the solution .^ 

of this question. Congress recommends a volunteer army, whereas President p 

Wilson, his cabinet, and the General Staff of the army advocate compulsory '^-' 

service; they demand it, in fact with stem determination. Several clashes tS 

have occurred in Congress, and it is generally believed that the latter ^ 
will not change its attitude within a short space of time. 

In the name of the entire country the President turned to the people. He 
asked only for the enlistment of young, strong men, by no means for his 
own personal protection, but for the defense of our homeland which must 
be prepared for the worst. And how did the President fare with his appeal? 
Poorly, very poorly. It makes one blush with shame to read the reports 
on the number of those who enlisted volxintarily for service since Congress 
ratified the President's proclamation of a state of war between Germany 



CO 




m 



- 3 - BOHMIUtJ 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 21, 1917. 

and the United States, 

"No wonder then that the question intrudes upon one*s mind what is the 
matter with all that American patriotism that is being flaxinted before 
the world? Does it not appear to us as nothing but empty, bombastic ^ 
phrases issuing mainly from the yoxinger native generation? We know very ^ 
well that the majority of those who enlisted, who responding to the appeal ^ 
of the President, who joined voluntarily and enthusiastically, constitutes o 
itself from immigrants, most of whom either are citizens or have applied lo 
for their first papers. We have had an opportunity to observe enlistment ^i^ 
in Chicago; from available figures we can see that the immigrants were ^ 
the most numerous to enlist. Where are the boys bom in this country? 
Where is the boast- and the pride of the American people who brags about 
his Americanism, his strength, and courage at prize fights and baseball 
games only? 



I G - 4 - B0HSI>!IAN 

III D 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 21, 1917. 

Last Monday we witnessed the departure of the Czech-American volunteers - 
almost all of than from the ranks of our Sokol gymnastic organizations, ^g 
predominantly from the group Fuegner-Tyrs . Had the volunteers marched in 
the uniforms of their respective Sokol orgemizations, the column would 
have had the appearance of a flood of red color from the Sokol shirts of 
the group Fuegner Tyrs. /ifhere did the boys from the other organizations 
remain with all their enthusiasm? Where did those linger who do not o 
helDng to the Sokols yet have a feeling not only for America but for the ^ 
country of their parents and forefathers? Vftiere do they stand with their ^ 
patriotic convictions? ^ 

At home behind the stovel They did no more than come out and stand upon 
the sidewalk to watch those who decided to depart out of sincere sentiment 
and true patriotism, who have started on a way which may end with a crippled 
leg or even with death, and who are assailed with improper remarks and 
smirks on the faces of the slackers. .Ve felt grief in our hearts. There 






-o 



I G - 5 - BOHELIIAN 

III D 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 21, 1917 • 

was eager sacrifice and pride as an answer to the appeal of the motherland 
for which one*s own life must not be spared. On the other side we ob- 
served indifference and indolence in the ranks of our own children. Amer- 
ican youthl Where is thy enthusiasm, where is thy patriotism?** 



s 



We would rejoice if we found out that we err in our judgment, or that con- ^ 
ditions have changed for the better after a certain time. .¥e fear, how- C 
ever, that the number of those who are willing to fight for the United 3 
States and for the freedom of the Czechs will ever be on the decrease so p 
that Congress will be compelled to enact drastic measures for compulsory s 
service which will not exempt even those who dread to do their duty and 
who, to dodge it, scamper to the County Building to get a marriage license 
and hide behind a woman's skirts in order not to expose their cowardice. 

V/e have never been for war. Vflien, however, our country finds itself in a 
war for human rights vftiich have been trodden upon by that scotindrelly 



I G - 6 - BOHEf-^IAN 

III D 

I C • Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 21, 1917. 

Germany, which has ever been the deadliest enemy of all the Slavonic 
peoples, then we, loyal sons of our new homeland, do not want to know 
anything else but duty. 



90 
C3 



CO 

ro 



I 

« I G BOHEMIAN 

i I C 

Denni Illasatel , Apr. 20, 1917. 

THE BREAK '.YITH AUSTRIA AND OUR EXERTIONS 

(Fron the Press Bureau of the National Alliance of Czech Catholics) 

If there is one among us who thinks that our strife for the liberty of our old 
homeland is not legal, or even a real violation of American neutrality, that man 
has surely revised his opinion by nov/. 

The break with Austria has removed all real and imaginary obstacles, and freed 
the hands of all those who work one v;ay or the other for the liberation of omt 
people . 

One of the characteristic traits of the American nation is the sympathy with 
which they regard the s/.iall oppressed nations. In fact, the American people, 
in the pursuit of these sympathetic inclinations, have gone sometimes so far, 
that neutrality was overtly violated. 

The federal government was well aware of the propaganda carried on by the 




1^ 

I 



c" 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel. Apr. 80, 1917. 



BOHEMIAN 



Czechs in this country; it did not pay any attention to it until the activi- 
ties of the Austrian consulates and the Embassy became conspicuous. The 
reason why the government did not take any steps against our propaganda here r^ 
is found in that the Federal authorities understood in what relation the 
Czechs stand to Austria. They viewed our endeavor here as a natural conse- 
quence of that relation; they did not look at it as any violation of American 
neutrality; they identified it partly with American nature. 

One issue has not been cleared up properly: Austria has begun the War, and is 
an ally of Germany. The latter, by murdering innocent people on land and sea, 
and by damaging and destroying property of the United States, has forced the 
United States to take steps which amount to a declaration of war. Our govern- 
ment has, nevertheless, tried to keep up good relations with Austria. It was 
exactly this attitude which constituted the deadliest danger for the Czech 
cause. There was the fear that the United States, at a peace conference, would 
take a certain tolerant attitude towards a friendly nation; that it would not 
agree with the program of the Allies which aimed at the dismembering of Austria. 
By the same token, the Allies would be willing to respect the wishes of the 







I G - 3 - BOirgvIlAN 

I c 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 20, 1917. 

United States out of gratitude for valuable help extended to them diiring the V/ar, 

Nov;, however, Austria, under the command from Berlin, has disrupted relations 
with the United States. It has taken the side with Germany regarding the 

ruthless submarine war. No more tolerance need be shown; no objections will :§ 

be made to the program of the .\llies which, in addition, is in complete 5 

harmony with the principles of the ;jnerican nation. Austria has very likely <^ 

signed its own death warrant when it broke with the United States. It cannot r; 

nourish any hope for a possible favorable separate peace. It will thus have ~v 

to atone for the crimes committed against unhappy 3ervia, and against mankind o 

in general. It will be broken up and partitioned among Czechs, Slovaks, ^ 

Jugoslavs, and Poles, all of whom will become liberated. The Magyars will ^ 

form an independent state; the Servians will issue from the "Jar bigger and ^ 
stronger than Hungary, Austria, or the German state. This result seems un- 
avoidable if the v/ar is carried on to the limit. 

The split between Austria and the United States will also benefit the actions 
of the National Alliance of the Czech Catholics, whose exertions can be defined 



I G - 4 - B0IO.:iAN 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 20, 1917. 

in simple, intelligible v;ords: "To work for the greatest possible liberty 
of the Czech nation, as far as our power can reach and our duties as citizens 
allow." 

The duties as citizens are giving us a full right to demand in all authoritative 
places accessible to'us, that the lands of the Crown of St, Vaclav and Slovakia 
also become a free republic in which the peoole will enjoy political and religious 
liberty guaranteed by a constitution, similar to the one of our nev; homeland. 




I G 
III D 
I C 



BOBmiAS 



Dennl Blasatel , Apr. 19, 1917, 
(Editorial) 



A fairly large number of Czech boys and Sokols have enlisted for service in 
Uncle Sam*s Army and Navy up to the present. This is, however, not 
suffieiant by far to be representative of the loyalty of the Czech-Americans, 




I G 
III D 



BOIiE!.^IAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 18, 1917. 

MORE VOLUIWEERS 

(Condensed) 

The •• appearance of the marching Czech-American volunteers did not fail to 
make a deep impression upon the public which acclaimed them so enthusi- 
astically. The sentiment aroused reflected in the meeting held in the 
Pilsen Park last night. A new group of young men enlisted for service 
there. They will march this evening to the depot to join their comrades 
in Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, Mo. 'We have no complete list of their 
names on hand, as recruiting is going on at a high rate. The Pilsen 
recruiting station was indeed so crowded that the recruiting officers 
declared themselves unable to handle the throng, follows list of some 
of those enlisted last night_^ 



There came demands in great numbers for information from Detroit, Mich 



• » 




I G 
III D 



- 2 - 
Denni Hlasatel, A pr. 18, 1917. 



BOHSI-flAN 



where Sokols intend to join those Sokols who have already begun to serve 
in Uncle Sam*s Amy. 

Enlistments for service in the United States Navy are making slower pro- 
gress. Commander V/. A. Moffett of the Lake Bluff station declared ~ that 
nan enlisted in the Navy will automatically become second-class seamen 
with a pay of $20,90 per month. Ordinarily, this rank was not reached 
before one yearns service. 

About forty newly enlisted Czech-American Sokols v/ill leave for Jefferson 
Barracks this evening. 




I G B0H3MIAN 

III D 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 17, 1917. 

TO THE CZECH-AMERICANS 

(From the Bureau of the Czech National 
Alliance of Catholics) 

In this critical time, when we feel compelled to draw the sword for the 
defense of human rights and the liberation of the oppressed peoples by- 
autocratic goveraxaents, our duty stands out clearly before us. Our 
new homeland has received us with friendliness and granted us the same 
rights as enjoyed by the native citizens. We have found here what our 
poor old homeland could not give us: liberty. It is not only the sense 
for the ftilfillment of our duty, but the impulse of gratitude which ought 
to urge us on to come to the defense of the country which is threatened 
by the enemy now. Our place is under the Star Spangled Banner, the symbol 
of equality and liberty. Let us not wait until compuljory service is 
introduced, but let us show that we have grasped the meaning of duty and 




I G 
III D 
I C 



- 2 - 
Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 17, 1917, 



BOI-IEl.aAN 



intend to hasten to the colors to increase the nximbers of those willing 
to lay down their lives for the country. 

The American government does not demand the services of fathers of 
families or men upon whom the old folks or relatives, incapable of 
earning their living, are dependent. In our Czech communities there 
are, however, thousands of men who a3?e under no such obligations towards 
their families; they are those to whom our appeal is primarily directed. 

llVedi^ daily receiving information about members of Sokol and other organ- 
izations who are enlisting for service in the United States Army or 
Navy. We feel proud of these men, and are requesting their names so 
that we may tjublish them. 

Czech National Alliance of Catholics, 
2601 St. Louis Avenue, 
Chicago, Illinois. 




I S BOHEMIAN 

III D 

I K Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 16, 1917, 

17 

RECRUITS IN FAREWELL TO CHICAGO "f 

"LouSeni.**.** (Fairtlug causes grief), the translation of the old folk song 
did not coma to the surface vihen the first Czech and Slovak volunteers 
said good-bye to their friends and relatives in the halls of Sokol 
Havl£5ek-Tyrs yesterday afternoon. They prepared for their trip to the 
training camp in Jefferson Barracks, Mo* The enthusiasm made it clear 
that they were following the voice of their conscience and full of hope to 
contribute to the upkeep of the ideals of mankind. Their spirit bolsters 
up the conviction of others, thus promoting enlistment* It is expected 
that more young men will Join the recruits before they leave tomorrow, so 
that the nximber will be raised to at least one hundred and fifty* 

The big court hall began to be filled with throngs of men and women as 
early as 3 F* M*, the time set for the beginning of the friendly gathering 




I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

I K Dennl Hlasatel. Apr, 16, 1917. 

IV 

arranged for the parting defenders of the country. The latter 
were, of course, the center of attention* They were those who had en- 
listed on or before last Saturday to form the nucleus of the Czecho- 
slovak regiment of volunteers* 

lir* Dolezal, vice-president of the Czech Sokol Community, welcomed the 
gathering* ISx* R* J* Fsenka, editor of the Denni Hlasatel* pointed to 
the duty of all citizens to stand up for the country which is threatened 
with war, and has been mfiJ.iciously offended by infringement upon the rights 
of the entire nation* Mr* Skaificky spoke in the same trend* He was fol- 
lowed by Sergeant Yosatka, United States Anny, idto invited lively partici- 
X)ation in the process of bringing the Czecho-Slovak regiment up to its 
war strength* 

The Sokol Havlioek-Tyrs (gymnastic association) distinguished itself by 




Dennl HLasatel. Apr, 16, 1917, 



I G - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 
I K 
17 

presenting the Toliinteers of the Czecho-Slovak regiment with 
their Ofwn gorgeoiis banner which will be carried in today's parade, and 
then taken to Jefferson Barracks. In case the regiment sees action on 
the European battlefields, the banner will be there to infleuae the 
fighters to deeds of bravery with which the history of the Czech people 
Is replete* 

During the ensuing infozoal entertainment, more men signed up for enlist- 
ment* The result of the evening as to new enlistments must be called 
gratifying, and will no doubt serve as an inspiration for further exilist- 
fflents, which in turn will call the attention of the authorities to our 
action* Ibis has been demonstrated already by the honorable mention 
received by the Czechs from Captain Kienney, United States Amy, chief 
recruiting officer for the Chicago district* 

During the entertainment which closed at 12:30 A. M., another patriotic 




I G - 4 - ' BOHEIvilAN 

III D 

I K Denni Hlasatel. Apr. 16, 1917, 

IV 

enterprise was initiated, which proves that the sense of duty is 
being fully grasped also by our girls and married xvoraen. The idea of 
creating a women* s auxiliary unit leaped from the ranks of the Soicol 
Havli6ek-'ryT§. This -auxiliary will care for the immediate needs of the 
recruits, and see to it that they v;ill be remembered with gifts of love 
which shall be presented as tokens of gratitude for the volunteers' 
patriotism and readiness for sacrifice. The auxiliary xinit will meet in 
the next faxv days. It will be composed not only of female members of 
Sokol organizations, but all women willing to lend their helping hands for 
the best of the cause, may join. 

(Follows list of names of recruits who signed up last night.) 

Those who enlist in the Pilsen district station not later than 3 P. J.I. 
today will be sent along with the first contingent of Czech recruits to 
Jefferson Barracks, LIo. They will have to be fitted out with the necessities 
while at camp* 




I G ■ - 5 - BOIQ.IIrtN 

III D 

I K Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 16, 1917. 

IV 

The march will start frora the home of the ookol Eavllcek-Tyrs, on 
LaviTidale Avenue at 6 P. M., sharp. Mr. Kusa's band vd.ll head the proces- 
sion which will take its way through E6th Street, Blue Island Avenue to 
State and Harrison ;3treets, and then to the railway depot where a military 
train will be waiting. 

It is interesting to read the news reports about the recruiting activities 
of the Czechs and Slovaks. The Chicago Herald writes in a semi -humorous 
and yet earnest tone: "The United States i\my Recruiting Station, 526 
South State Street was stormed and taken by seventy members of the Czech 
Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs, the largest Czech gyiiinastic organization in Chicago. 
The recruiting officers offered no resistance, but instead welcomed the 
invaders as the most grateful and fertile material for the /imy. Captain 
Kenney declared that these members of a Sokol organization are only the 




I Q - 6 - BOHSMIAN 

III D 

I K Dennl Hlasatel. Apr, 16, 1917 • 

17 

forenmners of seyeral thousands of Czechs. He said: "ISxeir 
resi>onse to my appeal to their x>atrlotio sense of duty Is highly gratify- 
ing* ** No better coauaendation could be given the Czechs. 

Similar ardor, according to assurances given us by the authorities, has 
swayed other Czech settlements in Merlca. The office of the Bohemian 
National Alliance, where the Czech Military Committee conducts its busi- 
ness, is receiving inquiries from a great number of Czech ccnmiunities 
outside of Chicago* Infonnation is sought about the necessary steps 
for the acceptance of applications for service in the Czecho-Slovak 
regiment* VAien these inquiries were conveyed to Captain Kienney, he de- 
clared he had sent three telegrams to liVashington for specied instructions* 
No answer has arrived at his offices as yet, presumably on account of 
congested business in the capital* In view of the convincing proofs that 
the Czechs are ready to fight for their new homeland. Captain Keuney was 
prompted to do all in his power to bring about a permit from V^ashington 




I^" - 7 - B0H2MIAN 

III D 

I K Deimi Hlasatel. Apr. 16, 1917. 

.17 

to make specific enlistment for service in the Czecho-Slovak 
regiment an easy affair. If accepted, the Czech volunteer will simply 
have to state his desire for service in that particular regiment, where- 
upon he will be sent to Jefferson Barracks. 




t 



I G BOHEMIAM 

III D 

III S Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 16, 1917. 

FELLOW-COUNTRIYMEN I 

After the successful and enthusiastic meeting held last Friday, we feel 
obliged to appeal to the Sokol organizations and other associations, 
as well as to our young men, not to cease their activities because of 
the considerable number of recruits who have joined the colors up to 
r the present. The first response to the call to arms was satisfactory. 

We are, however, aware of the fact that only one Sokol organization has 
furnished a proportional number of recruits commensurate with the serious- 
ness of the situation. .Ve have further noticed that the majority of en- 
listments came from young immigrants. Will you young men who were bom 
here allow yourselves to lag behind these ]?ecently emigrated men, and be 
outdone in the fulfillment of the duty towards your native land? Keep 
in mind that for a young, able bodied, and capable man there is no other 
proper place today but in the United States Army or Navy I" 

(Signed) 




I G - 2 -^ BOHEMIAN 

III D 

III E Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 16, 1917. 

For the military committee of the American Sokol community, and the 
Bohemian National Alliance: Adolph Vlk, chaiiroan, Frank J» Kubec, St. 
Simecek, Joseph IVrzicky, J. K. Smetemka, Jan Vosatko. 




I G BOHSLDIAN 

I L 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr, 15, 1917. 

PROMOTING URBAN TRUCK GARDENS 

The proclamation of War has brought about changed conditions. Among 
these is a threatening dearth of field produce. The importance of 
intensive culture of wheat by the fanners and of vegetables by truck 
gardeners is growing paramo\int. It is admitted throughout the country 
that the situation is not to be trifled with if the United States is not 
to find itself in dire need of foodstuffs d\iring the next winter. There 
is insufficient help on the farms, and the authorities are doing all 
within their power to induce workers to leave town for the rural districts. 

High school students in our city will be urged to hire themselves out 
into the fa.Tm districts surrounding Chicago for the summer season. Credit 
will be given to them for a certain time missed in the school. Many lots 
are offered to the pupils, irtio may select those that are located nearest 
to their homes. 





BOHilMIAN 



Deani Elasatel. Apr. 14, 1917. 

"GRiTirril'JCkSJ 5^LL0'..' OUH 3X.4I.IPL:i;i" 

This is a Hessage of the Czech 

Volunteers fron j^ance 




Slowly, but surely, like spring drawing near, enthusiasja is growing among our 
yovmg men, thus bringing the creation of a Czecho-Jloval-c regiiient v;ithin 
rsality. The basis of these hopes is given by the attendance of the agitation 
meeting v/hich v.as held in the halls of the ookol Havlicek Tyrs last night. 
The gathering had been arranged by the above Sokol gymnastic society in 
collaboration with the Bohemian ITational ;illiance. 



Peals of applause rewarded the lausic of the patriotic tunes, both Czech and 
i^merican. There surely must have been many who, during these outbursts of 
genuine sentiment, made up their ninds not to stand back, neither vail they 
v/ait for conscription, nor ..ill they scamper to the county clerk's office 
to take out a marriage license and hide behind a woman's skirts to escape 
SQiaething v/hich, in their cov/ardice, they regard as a burden. It is oxir 



I g - 2 - BOIESa.W 

III D 

III E Dennl laasatel . .ipr. 14, 1917. 

I C 

fond hope that the regiment will be coriplete before conpulsorj'' service 
is introduced. \ie hope that our young neu v/ill not hesitate until they 
\iill be corapelled to march behind the banner which has given protection and 
assured liberty to their ancestors and to themselves. The purpose of the 
meeting v;as known to all those present as it had been given the required /a? 
TDublicity, lo 

The opening of the meeting v^as perfomed by '.'r, Adolph Ylk, chairman of the 
military committee, v;ho pointed out the duty incurabent upon the Czech-.imeri- 
cans to serve our nev; ho. leland just as thej 7;ould have served the old home- 
land. Mr, Tvrzicky, secretary of the Bche.'niaa national /J-liaace, was the 
next spealcer. He is well Icnovna as an orator, and he used his outstanding 
ability to persuade the young men to act doterminedly, and join the groups 
who are to defend our country. He laid stress upon the opportunity -iven to 
the ^merican Czechs who can demonstrate nov/ that they have grasped the mean- 
ing of democracy, and attest to their sentiment by immediate action, "'iie 
Czechs have alv/ays leaned toward these principles," I.Ir. Tvrzicky exclaimed, 




I G - 5 - 3CHi:;i.:iiu^ 

III D 

III E Denni Ulasatel , .-^pr. 14, 1917. 

IvC • 

"and h.av3 never failed to battle for then, for they v/ere bom in the 
tliies of John Hus. V.'e must fight for them to the last drop of blood, .\s 
oiir leader, Professor Thonas G. Ilasaryk, has been enphasizing, we feel con 
pelled to accept these principles, not only because they constitute a h^rit 
age, but also because they are a prereriuisite to our adoption of our nev/ 
hor.ieland." llr. Tvrzicky further cuotes Professor Ilasaryk: "The Russicm 
revolution has a great significance inasnuch "by it a Slavic people vias 
given the ri^ht to voice its ovm candid opinion for the first tine." The 
speaker proclained in connection v/ith Ilasaryk* s v;ords, that in a not very 
remote futxire the Czechs, Poles, and other Slavonic nations also v.lll be. 
able to raise their voices as free nations. 

l!r. Tvrzicky. read a cablegram, sent to the meeting through I.Ir. Fr. Kupka, 
head of the Paris, Jrance, branch of the Bohemian Kational .-illiance. It 
came from the Czech volimteers, v/ho are fighting in the trenches on the 
French front, and read: "Greetings! rollon-; our example!" 




I G - 4 - B0H.1.L-\K 

III D 

III 3 Denni Hlasatel. .;i?r. 14, 1917. 

I C 

The spea';:er continued by decljiring that up to some tine ago one excuse 

was being advanced by those who v/ould not volunteer on the side of the /i^ ^^ 
iillies; nanely, that .imerica was still neutral, and that the nen had oblifg^ ^i PA ^J 
tions tovrard this country'' in the first place. This explains the sluggish-' ^o 
ness of soiiie men tov/ard the patriotic activities of the 3okol organizations,^ 
particularly toward enlistrient in the C:;echoslovak battalion in the Canadian 
army. ITo one need fear that he might violate this country's neutrality 
today. On the contrary, ever^'^body should \-OTk v;ith all his pov/er to save 
hxmanity fron the clutches of Prussian despotisn and riapsburg autocracy. 
In the beginning of the VJar, the Czech--J!iericans were u:..derestimated by 
their friends and also by their enecdes. The French expected at least 
twenty thousand volxuiteers fron the Czech- /inei'icans, and Austria actually 
feared that 3uch a contingent could be raised to fight for the .JLlies. But 
that niKiber was not found here, and, therefore, so many nore ought to be 
furnished now, when not only our notherland, but also the new honeland is 
calling. 



- 5 - . 
Denni I-Ilasatol , Apr. 14, 1S17. 




I G - 5 - . BOHS!,IIAN 

III D 
III E 
I C 

LIT. TvTzicky reverted repeatedly to the fact that the volunteers T»-il 
be figlitins for two countries. Tho old ho.aeland, ho visualises, v;ill be 
reborn upon the ruins of the Austro-?Iungarian dual nonarchy. The old home-^ 
land will greet the fighters vath a smle, it v/ill look up to them as 
heroes. These heroes v/ill be those v/ho have given expression by action to the 
silent, or secretly uttered v/ish of the Czech brethren, the '.7ish that nani- 
fested itself v.hen the Czechs declined the offer of iCarl, Emperor of -.ustria, 
to allov/ hiriself to be crovmed king of Bohenia. "Let us see to it that after 
the V.ar it v/ill be said of us that wherever the Czechs were they fought brave- 
ly and honestly for huiaan rights and v;orld democracy." Thus lt, Tvrzicky 
concluded his oration to a capacity audience. 

Doctor Rudis Jicinsky, the next speaker, vridely kno'/m as an ardent 'worker for 
the 3okol gymnastic organizations, gave a sumiaary of the purposes pursued by 
the Sokols v;hich are to center upon their goal nov;. Ee stated that most of 
the Sokols in the old homeland have been Jailed by the .Austrian govemiiient, 
and that their organizations have been dissolved. It is, therefore, up to 



I G - 6 - B0ii2i.:ii^: 

III D 

III 3 DennJL laasatol , Apr. 14, 1917. 

I C 

the Merican Sokols to take upon themselves the patriotic burden v^iiich 
is part of the ookol heritage. Ee explained ho;/ the ^^overm^ients of Austria 
and of Germany, both hostile to the Slavonic peoples, have v/antonly begun 
the Viar. Ee lashed the tv70 ranishackled governments, v.iich are founded upo: 
the rule of nonarchs v;ho are vested »vith pov/er "by the grace of the Lord" 
and sit upon v/abbly thrones. He closed his talk v;ith a warn appeal to the 
young nen, admonishing them to do their duty. 

The chairman then introduced Captain F, II. Kenney, of the United States 
Axiay, v/ho was greeted with a stormy applause. He began his speech by de- 
ducing and proving frcan historical facts that the Czechs were real defend- 
ers of liberty, and excellent soldiers. Ee compared the Czechs and their 
struggles v/ith the V.'ar that the United states had to fight to win inde- 
pendence. The Czechs, he raasoned, are by their tradition fully authorized 
to fight alongside of those v;ho follow in the footsteps of George V/ashington 
and the other foxmders of this republic. The Captain then set forth the 
advantages accruing from voluntary enlistment. He further stated that tens 




I G - 7 - boii:i.:l;it 

III D 

III 3 Dermi Klasatel. .^pr. 14, 1917. 

I G (u: 




Of thousands of Czech prisoners of x^ar are' now fighting in the ranks so^ " 
of the iillies against their one tirie oppressors, he also mentioned the many 
heroes among then who have given their lives in order to assure a better 
futxiro for their fatherland and for nanlcind. He reiterated the pronises 
of certain advantages for the volunteers and voiced his hope that the Czech 
regiment in the United otates Army shall soon be a reality. 

The floor V7as then given to Sergeant Yosatka, v7ho v;j:s one of the first 
Czech volvmteers, and is nov/ in recruiting service, detailed to the recruit- 
ing station in the hone of the Plzen (Pilsen district) Jol-col. lie said that 
those enlisting nov; so that they can be transported together for the drill 
in Jefferson Barracks, v;ill be in the status of 'Tounders of the regiment". 
He assured the gathering that the formation of the regiment cannot meet xvith 
the slightest difficulties if Czech volunteers from the diverse cities in the 
United States will ask for a transfer to the Czoch regiment, oergeant 
Tosatka then announced that there v;ill be a recruiting station opened in the 
halls of the Pilsen ookol at 8 A.M. tcMorrow. 




I G - 8 - BOIGHiLAiy 

III D 

HI E Denni laasatol . ..pr. 14, 1917. 

I C 

A declaration of loyalty to the United States was read by IJr. Vlk. 
It v;ill be communicated in the shape of a resolution. Its body consists 
of a solerrji pronise by the Czechs and Jlovalcs to -..ork x'or the proserratio: 
of the ideals for v.-hich this country has gone to v/ar. The resolution Y;as 
passed unaninously. 

A farewell address was delivered by i.Ir. Erana iCLepal v;ho is to join the 
Czecho-Slovak battalion in the Canadian Army; he signed up before the United 
States '.vent to war. He pointed to the obligation that comes v.ith the ac- 
quisition of the United Jtates citizen's papers. His fond vdshes, he said, 
converge upon the fomation of the Czech resilient at the earliest possible 
date. 

While the meeting was drav/ing near its end, the band under the direction of 
Mr. Brousek again played national airs. Tlie nusicians donated their services, 
llany signatures of enlistment v/ere obtained, the names of whom are printed on 
another page. 



I G B0H5KIAN 

III D 

I C Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 14, 1917. 

LET'S DO OUR DUTYI 

There is not a man in the United States today who would question the fact 
that the United States owes its growth and its bloom to the immigrants in 
the first place. They were those who carried the initial burden, the 
heaviest weight of labor upon their shoulders. Their successes came to 
them as a result of hard labor and persistency. The United States, of to- 
day cannot be excelled in natural and produced wealth by any country in the 
world, America would be guilty of ingratitude if it should forget all of 
this. The immigrants, on the other hand, would be called ingrates if they 
saw in America nothing but their debtor. We must not overlook the fact that 
the United States has repaid the immigrants a long time ago. It has repaid 
by granting perfect freedom which we wanted in the old homeland; it has re- 
paid by the considerably better living conditions the immigrants found here. 

Let us Czechs linger for an instant upon the memories of our life in ancient 
Austria. Had we not been oppressed there, we certainly would have not de- 
cided upon leaving for the New ?/orld; we would not "have left with ease our 



" m. 




- 2 - BOHBMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 14, 1917. 

own Bohemia which we loved; we would not have exchanged it for a foreign 
country of which we knew only little. 7/e had no idea what fate would have 
in store for ua in a strange country. It was not only political serfdom 
that we had to endure in the old country. '.Vas it not the heavy taxes 
heaped on our shoulders by the government that drove us from the land where 
our cradle stood? Everybody can answer this question for himself in con- 
sidering that the old country, without Austria, would be for us a veritable 
paradise. 

We live here in America as free citizens, and no one who deports himself as 
any decent man or woman need fear any terror from any part of the government, 
because the government of the United States is one for the people and of the 
people. V.'e enjoy here freedom of speech and of the press. Conditions may 
vary with different parts of the country, yet the earnings suffice for a com- 
fortable living, provided, of course, that the worker is not over particular 
as to the kind of occupation, and that he is willing to work at all. There 
was keen competition in even the most orderly walks of life of the old country, 
and great dearth of work at the same time. It was the people from the lower 



.^.i- 



I G - 3 - B0H3LIIAN 

III D 

I C Denixl Hlasatel . Apr. 14, 1917. 

class and the middle class who have benefited considerably by the conditions 
in the new country. They should, therefore, be among the last to forget what 
the new homeland has given to them and the immigrants from every other 
country. 

The immigrant should constantly keep all this in mind, especially now that 
his new homeland is at War. He should try to prove his loyalty to President 
Wilson, and to his administration in general. This is necessary when our 
country has to contend with an enemy who has always, and with typical German 
brutality and lack of feeling, stood in the path all that was Slavonic, If 
America with the Allies annihilates Germany, it will have done away with our 
deadliest enemy, and adveinced us nearer to the fulfillment of our sacred 
dream, the rescue of our motherland and the nation of our ancestors from the 
paws that have been holding them in bondage for centuries, 

For this reason, we American Czechs ought to do our duty, while our gratitude 
should be another deciding element in our actions, 7/e ought to perform our ,^ 
duty voluntarily and willingly, thus giving a good example to other nations /[j^, .''<^1\ 



I G - 4 - BOHS^aAN 

III D 

I C Deainl Hlasatel . Apr, 14, 1917. 

that might be more or less defaxilting. We ought to try to stand in the 
first rank as to loyalty to our country, for it might happen that some 
other nationality would take that distinction. Yes, it might happen that 
the competing nationality could be even the "loyal" OermansI ?/e do not 
doubt that the German-Americans also will offer their services to the United 
States, although War has not been declared so much against the German people 
as against Berlin and the kaiser. 

Do not let us imagine that the American governiaent is not taking notice of 
the immigrants who offer it their services. It notices and does not forget. 
It also observes closely what is said or printed. It certainly weighs and 
gauges what is being accomplished. v7e have up to the present spoken more 
them we have done. Now, however, an era of definite aim and determined ac- 
tion has begun for us if we want to prove our gratitude at all, 7Je know from 
our public life that there is a certain number of men in our community who 
have placed themselves in the first ranks already, after the declaration of 
War at the disposal of Uncle Sam, There are not too many of heroes such as 
these. Many more are needed. Report, therefore, and enlist. Girls and 




I G 
III D 
I C 



- 5 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 14, 1917. 



BOHSMIAN 



married women also are needed, their help is valuable and necessary. 
America will not forget, and we should not forget either. 




I G BOHg.IIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 14, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

"Omnia Vincit Anor," soys the ancient Ro'ian. The proverb rieans that no 
one can resist Anor, the iiipish little ser.i-divine inatchnaker. But all 
of A-nor's cunning could not accomplish the v;onders the declaration of ?/ar 
against Germany has worked. Young men, who have up to the present raanaged 
to dodge the artful denigod*s arrows, are now scurrying to get a marriage 
license to escape the recruiting station. 








I G 

I C (German) 






Denni HLasatel, Apr. 14, 1917 


• 


/Shy vffi FiGiri7 




(Editorial) 



BOHEMIAN 



There is no use for President .Vilson's proclamatior. that the United States 
is not declsiring War upon the German people, but upon the Kaiser and his 
henchmen, when the American Germans do not want to comprehend this. The 
Kaiser is still foremost in their minds. This is openly demonstrated by 
that local German writer of magnitude, Horace L. Brand, publisher of the 
Illinois Staats-Zeitung . The latter beats the American drum in loyal 
fashion, true enough, but sighs in between with grief over the declaration 
of Afar against Germany, behind which, the paper says, stands the German 
people just as faithfully as honest Americans stand behind their President 
and his administration. If editors, intelligent men, are unable to grasp 
the difference between a democracy and the absolutism of the Kaiser, --vhat 
can be expected from the average ''Dutchman"? 




I G 



30HSr:iAN 



Dennl IILasatel . Apr, 13, 1917. 

RECRUIT niG DT PR0GRS3S 

The Bohemian National Alliance and the Czech Sokol Comnunity are naking 
strenuous efforts to fulfill their promises to recruit Czech and Slovak 
able-bodied r.en for service in a Czecho-Sloval: re-;inent. Their en- 
deavor is bearing noticeable fruit. The announceiaent of the great 
a^^itation nesting v;hich is to be held today in the hall of Sokol Havlicek 
Tyrs has resulted in -^any enlistments already. 

It was stipulated v.'ith the authorities that the connection bet-iveen the 
Czecho-Slovak regiment and the United States Army is calculated for the 
duration of the War only; also that the volunteers v.lll not be kept in 
reserve after the '.7ar, but v/ill be free to oursue their civilian occupations. 




One distinct advantage is offered to the volunteers if they tender their 



I G - 2 - 50"lj:.:IAI\T /^ ^^ 

Denni Hjasatel . Aor. 13, 1917. l^, W.PA ■=• 

"services inthout coiruulsion: Tliey will be in a preferred status for advance- 
"nent , to tiie ranks of non-cojiunissioned and coMr.iissioned officers. As the 
Amy grows, so progresses fie advancenent. 

The establishiiient of the Gzecho-Slovak regiment is practically assured. The 
vital point is the rate at v;hich men si:-n up. (Follov;s list of Czech recruits.) 



I G BOHEMIAN 

III D 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 12, 1917. 

WE ARE BEHIND IN RECRUITING 



If we had access to the names of enlisted men, we would publish the 
names of Czechs who have been patriotic enough to offer their services 
to their country* 



3> 



Though there are considerable numbers of men who enlist for service in '^ 

the Navy, Chicago does not furnish the contingent for the Amy as was -C 

expected by Washington. The Chicago recruiting officers have, there- ^ 

fore, issued a strong appeal for more action. Lieutenant L. M. Stevens S 

and Captain Kenney, of the United States Army, are in charge of recruit- ^ 

ing in Chicago. C:^ 



tjf 



L^ BOHSMIAN 
I 

Dennl Hlaaatel. Apr. 12, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

Th© Czecha have never craved for war, but the entrance of the United 
States into the War is being welcomed by ns because it signifies the 
speedy end of the horrors of War, and the approaching liberation and 
independence of the Czech nation. 




I G 
III D 
I C 



BOHEMIAN 



Dennl Hlaaatel. Apr. 11, 1917. 

TO ALL AMERICAN CZECHS AND SLOVAKS I 
To the Branches of the Bohemian National Alliance, 
Also to the Czech and the Slovak Sokols 



The military ccanmittee of the Bohemian National Alliance and the Sokol 
ccomiuaity in America, as well as the representatives of Czech-American 
volunteers, have begun their activities with great success, namely; the 
permission for Czech and Slovaks to enlist in one and the same regiment 
if they enlist in Chicago. Military authorities are now being requested 
to permit the enlistment of the Czech volimteers from all over the 
United States into one regiment. 

Brethren! In a time idien the IMlted States is entering a Yiar for the 
freedom of the small nations, the Czecho-Slovaks must demonstrate that 
they are brought up in the very principles upon which the United States 
is founded, and that they are willing to make sacrifices necessary to 




I G 
III D 
I C 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel. Apr. U, 1917 • 



BOHEMIAN 



uphold the groat Ideals of demooracy* 

0\ir peoples have been hardened in a century long struggle against the 
oYorwhelming numbers of an enemy to v^om they could resist by their 
pertinacity and unflinching courage only. This is our opportunity. The 
sacrifices in blood and material goods which thousands of our men will 
make are sure to bring results: The liberation of our people, 

"Now or never" is the slogan of our determined youth, who are about to 
enlist in the Czecho-Slovak regiment. 

"Now or never" is the slogan of all of us, regardless of party, class 
or creed, to make sure that in a short time the first Czecho-Slovak 
regiment be fomed in Chicago. 

All the societies, associations, and clubs are urged to work diligently. 




( 



I G 

III D 
I C 



- 3 - 
Deiml Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1917. 



BOHEMIAN 



taking the names of all men willing to enlist. Our committee on recruit- 
ing will gladly give all information desired. 

Signed: The military committee of the Bohemian National Alliance, and of 
the Sokol community in America. 





BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1917. 

COUMXTTEE REPORTS ON ENLISHISNIS 

The first meetlBg of the military committee imder the management of the 
Bohemian National Alliance met in the offices of the latter yesterday* 
This ooanmittee takes care of all the cases in nhich Czechs may enlist 
for serrice in the Czech regiment which is being formed in Chicago, and 
which will be placed at the disposal of the government. Members of 
Czech-American Sokol organizations and of the Bohemian National Alliance 
were present. 

Doctor Smetanka emd Doctor Vosatka had visited Captain Kenney, of the 
United States Army, in order to discuss the woilc connected with the 
recruiting of men for the Czech regiment. They reported to the com- 
mittee about their visit. Captain Eenney received them very kindly, 
and remarked with a smile, that he is J\ist about to believe in telepathy, 
for he had been pondering about the mecms of getting in contact with the 



o 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 f 

III D Dennl Hlaaatel . Apr. 11, 1917. 
I C 

Czechs in the United States for the pu3*pose of increasing the 
Army which the United States will need now. He stated that the require- 
ments as to the knowledge of the English language will not be stretched 
in the cases of the Czech recruits. There will, however, be demanded a 
certain degree of school education. He received with great joy news 
that the Bohemian National Alliance will call a mass meeting in order to 
explain to the Czech populace the seriousness of the situation, and to 
promote recruiting. Captain Kenney announced to his visitors that he 
will be present at the mass-meeting. 

One of the fixft men offering himself to Uncle Sam was Doctor Vosatka, 
who submitted to an examination, and will wear the uniform beginning 
with tomorrow. He will, however, be permitted to help in the prelimi- 
nary woik for the creation of the regiment. 

There was a debate after Doctor Vosatka and Doctor Smetanka had finished. 




I G - 3 - BOmMIAN 

II B 2 f 

III D Deanl Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1917. 

The favorable impression which the work done by the military 
committee has created in the Czech community was discussed with satis- 
faction* It was resolved to call a public meeting in the hall of Sokol 
Eavlicek Tyrs, on Lawndale and 26th Streets, for Friday evening. The 
rent of the hall will be paid for by generous patriots. Pictures of 
army life and army weapons will decorate the walls. In accordance with 
suggestions offered by Captain Kenney, a recruiting station will be 
opened in the Bohemieoi settlement of Chicago, and in one of the gymna- 
sium halls selected for that purpose. The establishment of a school is 
being considered where those Czechs can replenish their knowledge, who 
fear the outcome of the examinations conducted by the United States Amy« 
Captain Kenney calmed the comnittee in respect to the examinations by 
promising to do all he could to ease the enlistment for those deficient 
in education* 

Frana Elepal, member of a Sokol organization, reported what he saw of 




I G - 4 - BOHBMIAN 

II B 2 f 

III D Dennl Hlaaatel . Apr. 11, 1917, 
I C 

Czech recruiting when he traveled through the United States. 
He said that many fellow-countrymen who he had urged to Join the Czech 
regiment took the next train going north to enlist for service in the 
CanadiGua Czech battalion. They claimed that was a surer way to get 
into the Army than to wait until the Czech regiment in the United States 
is coBq>lete« He further stated that enthusiasm among the Czechs all over 
the United States is running high, and recruiting is being sponsored in 
all Czech communities. He, himself, is going to stay in the United 
States for a few days only, then to enter the C2ech battalion in Canada, 
thus fulfilling a previous promise, lAiich kept him from Joining the Czech- 
American regiment* He has, in the meantime, received an invitation to a 
great rally to be held at Cedar Bapids, Iowa, at which many are expected 
to enlist, 

Mr. Ittrzicky told the committee about his agitation lecture in St. Louis 
which netted fifteen recruits. Similar successes were recorded in 




I G - e - BOHEMEAN 

II B 2 f 

III D Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 11, 1917, 
I C . 

Detroit, Michigan, Milwaukee, and Bacine, Wisconsin. Mr* 
Tarzick7*s activities will also take him to St. Paul and Minneapolis, 
where big recruiting meetings are to be held. (List of those who 
signed up for enlistment follows) • 




I G BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 9, 1917. 

(Editorial) 

A decree from the government in JVashington assures all foreigners that 
their persons and properties are safe as long as they show themselves 
to be friends of this country. This proves that all the rumor about 
property to be confiscated is idle talk, emanating probably from pro- 
Germans for the purpose of creating unrest and the feeling of inse- 
curity. 

It is the duty of every lojral citizen to find out the source of rumors 
as these, and take steps to prevent subversion from being further 
disseminated. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

Depni HJ-asatel . Apr. 9, 1917 • 

(Bditorial) 

Congressman Mason of Illinois was the first to declare himself against 
the War with Grermany, explaining that in this matter he represents the 
people of his state. The people of Illinois will surely let him know 
that in his speech he was voicing neither the convictions nor the 
wishes of his constituency* 




i 



I G BOHSt^IAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Apr, 8, 1917, 

(Editorial) 

7/hat a great difference between Theodore Roosevelt and IVillian J. Bryan J 
Roosevelt demanded right in the beginning of the Vlex that America join 
the Allies and he is nov/ making efforts to gain permission to recruit a 
division, Bryan, on the other hand, with the patience of a lai^ib, did 
everything to prevent the participation of America in the V/ar. He is 
trying to make good now and to contribute one lonely drop by offering 
himself to the Army where, he says, he would enlist as a recruit. 




I G BOffiJMlAN 

III D 

I C Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 8, 1917. 

IN THE SIGN OF THE '.VAR 
Proclamation by the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni 
(Bohamlan National Alliance) 

The Bohanian National Alliance has sent the following conmunication to the 
American press in order to define the attitude of the Czech people in the 
present War: "The Bohemian National Alliance of ;jtterica, which numbers 
eighty thousand members, and is the principal organization of Bohemian speak- 
ing people in the United States, addressed to its membership the following 
appeal vriiich was given prominent space in some fifty Bohemian newspapers: 

"No one in America is keen for the War, not even our people who had so many 
reasons to desire the destruction of the German and Austrian system of mili- 
tary, absolutist rule. Our President, for more than two years, bore with 
insults and injuries offered by Germany, knowing that the people were not yet 
ready for War. But the gods m£ike blind those whom they want to. punish. The 
Kaiser, and the clique of courtiers and generals which today rule Germany ai 



I 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III D 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 8, 1917, 

its vassal, Austria-Hungary, went too far in their contempt of the American 
people and their President. The tremendous resources in wealth and manhood 
of the world's greatest republic will now be thrown into the scale against 
Germany and make absolutely certain the victory of the democratic nations. 
The system under which we lived formerly as Austrian subjects is doomed, 

"We want to impress upon all members of the Bohemian National Alliance the 
duties which war lays upon all citizens of the country. Above all, it is 
your duty to fight for the land you made your own, to which most of you swore 
allegiance, the land which is dedicated to the eternal principle of justice 
and rule by the people. The President asks for volunteers. Prove to him 
that the Bohemian Immigrant yields to no one in his devotion to the starry 
beumer of America. Many of our younger members are already in Canada, ready 
to go to the trenches in France. Now a more imperious voice calls upon us to 
offer the supreme sacrifice: Fight for the cause we believe in and for the 
land to which we owe allegiance! 



I G - 3 - BOHBMIAN 

III D 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 8, 1917, 

•*All of us, young and old, men sind women, should conduct ourselves as citizens 
of the country which is at war with a powerful, unscrupulous antagonist. For- 
get all differences, especially of politics, stand firmly behind the President 
and the constituted authorities. Say little, keep your eyes and ears open for 
hostile or disloyal acts, practice economy in family and personal outgo, buy 
government bonds, and do your share without grudge to make our cause victo- 
rious. 

"iflhen the fighting is over and the diplomats come together to settle the af- 
fairs of all humanity by means of a just and lasting peace, we know that the 
voice of America, now one of the arbiters of the world's destinies, will be 
heard in favor of liberty for Bohemia, freedom for our brothers upon whom 
the hated German rule rested so heavily. For we ask for Bohemia the very 
thing which America has always championed: 'rule of the people, for the peo- 
ple and by the people * . " 



is.r, 



I G 



BOHSLIIAIT 



III D 
I a 
I K 
17 



Denni Hlasatel . Aor. 7, 1917. 
CZSGH MSmiOA DO THY DUTYI 



Let Shining Sxa-.ples Deiionstrate Lo.-alty to our Nev/ Homeland and to 

President 7/oodrov; V/ilson 

Let the I.'umbers of Ozech-Anerican Volunteers Grow as Liprejsive as 

Possible 

Many Czech Girls and V/ives Enter the I^ed Cross Service 

The country is calling on us I Two countries are calling us. The United 
States, the country -,;':iich v;e have chosen of our ov;n volition and in vjhich 
we have fotind liberty and neans for our existence. The thinf^s we did not 
enjoy in the land of birth, our old lioneland, '.7e are sure it will be 
liberated novj that President 'Vilson has issued his faanifesto concerning the 
rights of snail nations, to dei'end the intereiits of the United States against 

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Dennl Hlasatel. Apr. 7, ^917, 



BOHEI.'IAN 



assaults by G-ermany, and also to v/in victory for liberty and nankind now 
crushed under the rule of the German kaiser and his allies. 

The country is calling, and all of her good sons should heed this call. 
Vie are under no compulsion nov/, but we are expected to show how grateful 
we are for the good derived from her to s:iow how we are loyal not only 
when times are good, but also in bad times, full of ominms import. The 
enemy who does not think highly of our defensive power mast find out now 
that he has deceived himself, that by his obstinacy, he has driven the 
American eagle to spread his mighty v/ings and vd.th all his power to 
plunge into the struggle. 

We do not doubt that the Czechs will be among the very first to join the 



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Denni Klasatel, Apr. 7, 1917, 



BOKIiLILAlT 



ranks under the Star Spangled Banner. Many enthusiastic meetings and 
manifestations have proved our sentiment since the beginning of the V/ar; 
actions should follow. 

Those who volunteer now will enjoy certain advantages of which those will 
not benefit who have waited until compulsion begins. They will be ex- 
cellently drilled, which will make them more efficient and, therefore, 
better protected. If qualified, they v/ill havei a good chance to become 
officers. 

Those who cannot join on account of old age, sickness, or otherwise 
prevented, can do their bit, and contribute to the winning of victory in 



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many other v;ays. They should v/ork faithfully in the place that will ba 
assisned to them through the changed conditions. They should work on 
faiais, striving to increase the produce of the fields. 

It will be necessary in order to insure success that all our affairs be 
managed in an orderly manner, that public opinion be not roused into 
disturbances; everybody should live in good relation with his neighbors. 
If, hovrever, any subversive activities are discovered, then the proper 
authorities should be notified immediately. 

Our wives and girls, who know so efficiently how to manage their homes, 
should offer their skill to the Red Cross, and with their nimble, soft 



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hands, help to alleviate the sufferings which the 7/ar will inevitably cause. 
Our women, who 'lave always played an important part in our national life, 
will surely not fail us nov/ when they are being appealed to by the American 
people. 

Let us exhibit imanimity and strength in both our Czech, and our American 
sentiments. V7e may consider ourselves 'lappy for being in a position where 
we can harbor love for both the American and our old country, without 
doing injustice to ourselves, and vTithout having to conceal or disavow 
some obligation. This very fact should stimulate us to still more 
enthusiasm, and doubled efforts, to strengthen the ranks of Czechs in the 
Array and Navy, so that ve will be citizens who can be held up for an 
example to others. 



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Donnl Hlasatel , Apr. 7, 1917, 



BOHQIIAIT 



;Vhen this has happened, we nay rest assured that the Czech name will be 
honored in this coiantr:r, and that our motherland will be ever grateful to 
us and also feel proud of us. 

As far as the work in Chicago is concerned, v/e can inform our readers 
that preparations in several directions are in full sv;inc, u\s reported 
in earlier issues, the American Sokol Community has named a special 
committee which deals with enlistments, and v/here there is ample opportunity 
to shov/ our loyalty. This committee is headed by Doctor Jarka Kosar, who 
is assisted by several other physicians, members of diverse Sokol organi- 
zations. 



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The Czech National Association is nakinij extensive preparations in the 
same direction, Mr, Josef Tvrzicky, director of the bureau of the above 
mentioned asseciation, informs us that he and Hr, Frana Klepal have been 
authorized by the recruiting coinnittee to v;ork in the country districts. 

The Czech National Catholic League has expressed its eagerness to cooperate. 
This organization will advise all the G&tholics in the United States of 
the seriousness of the situation. This v;ill be done in a nanifesto, in 
which the United States -•overnment -kvill be given a pledge of loyalty. 



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Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 6, 1917, 

HOV; TO U27S1AT TIE ALLIES 

(Sditorial) 

The United States General Staff has worked out a plan for the participation 
of the United States which, if follov;ed out, v.-ould result in certain defeat 
of the Allies, for it would completely shut then off from the supplies which 
are still being sent. The plan calls for the creation of a United States 
Army of two million men. The v;ork needed for the training and fitting out 
of such an organization would require, as admitted by army experts, at least 
two years. This plan is scheduled to be submitted by Major General Scott, 
its originator, to the committees for military affairs in both the Senate 
and the House, 

This plan is as impractical as it is unworkable. It is based on compulsory 
service for our men v;ho are wont to enter into matrimony soon after they have 
reached the age of twenty. They would have to be steeled for the strenuous, 



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Denni Hlasatel^ Apr» 6, 1917. 

nerve \vracking service v/hicli v/ould require more than two years. Registration 
and recruiting would take up too nuch time. 

Th.e "expert'* of the Chicago Daily Tribune is working assiduously on this 
foolish plan. This very fact should open the eyes of all those who see in 
universal service the only panacea for cono^uering Prussian autocracy. The 
Tribune was, from the beginning of the V/orld V/ar, an ardent advocate of the 
Kaiser, just as were IJr. Hearst *s sheets, which are just good enough for 
wrapping cheese. These papers do not work for an /allied victory. On the 
contrary, they v;ould like to see the United States under a mettle similar 
to Prussianism, which keeps the people of Gerniany in thralldom. They demand 
a big army. Tiiis army would be utterly useless in iSurope, if we waited two 
years. In two years, either the Allies nay be defeated, or, if they v/in, 
Germany and Austria v/ill be republics. These papers propose a big army to 
be used right here in the United States. For, in our country also, many 
signs are visible, similar to those which preceded the fall of the Romanoffs, 
we have no Romanoffs here, true enoUf3h, but v/e have Rockefellers and Llorgans 



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Dennl Elasatel ^ Apr. 6, 1917, 

Me have worse autocrats than ever held the Russian people in subjugation. 

It is easy to foretell v;hat an array of tv;o million men for the United States 
vjould mean, ^1 the v/orkers nov; engaged in the production of v/ar materials 
for the Allies v/ould have to leave their jobs and besin to work on supplies 
for our army at home. The Allies would have to send volunteer aviators back 
to the United States as trainers for our air force. There are at least one 
hundred such men on the '-lestem front now. Between fifty thousand and one 
hundred thousand men from the United States serve as volunteers for the Allies 
on the various fronts. These v;ould have to be released for the training of 
our own recruits. They would not be advanced to the rank of officers, for 
o\ir General staff objects on the ground of their lack of military schooling, 
as given at the institutes approved by the military authorities. 

The Allies themselves knov/ best ho-v the United States can be of help to them, 
and they are continually and definitely indicating hov/ it could be done, Our^ 



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BOHEMIAN 



General staff, however, does not heed the advices. The Allies need our 
credit, food, and war supplies delivered by our navy. An efficient stroke 
would be the confiscation of the German ships interned in this country, and 
their employment as carriers of war material and food supplies, not of sol- 
diers, for transportation of men is risky. A'ith the English channel, of only 
twenty miles of width, all infested with submarines which have already sunk 
transports, how could America succeed in getting its men over the ocean? 

• 
There is no time for America to toy with a plan for the creation of an array 
of two million men. The proposition made by the General staff might as well 
have been coaceived in Berlin for the purpose of defeating the Allies. 




BOHEMIAN 
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Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 4, 1917. 

PROriTKERS IN WAR TIME 

{Editorial) 

The speculators who want to become rich throiagh the War are leeches whose 
activities Mast be stopped in the very beginning. The authorities who 
intend to bring about real preparedness should not forget what means 
can be used against them. Congress should pass laws which are necessary 
in this case, and which will provide for the severest punishment to be 
B»ted- out to these malefactors irtio want to bleed the people white. 




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BOHEMIAN 



Denni Hlasatel « Apr. 4, 1917, 

(Bditorial) 

Sveiybody should be on his Job, ereryone should do his duty. Artisans 
skilled in the manufacture of aoBQUZiltion should apply for work in the 
government plants and In private plants, these are to supply our army and 
navy. Zaxmers should make specied efforts to raise the greatest possible 
crop of wheat and a maximum of cattle so that the nation and the soldiers 
who protect our country be properly fed. The railroads should pull every 
lever to make transportation rapid. Merchants and dealers 8ho\ild transact 
their business honestly, without any atteorpts at profiteering. Newspax>er8 
are urged to keep the people informed by publishing correct reports, lead- 
ing then on the right way, the only way that points to the goal* 

Not all of us can become soldiers and sailors, but we all can help toward 
victory. Our women, also, will have to shoulder obligations the meoent 
the struggle has begun. They will teike care of the sick and the wounded 




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Dennl Hlasatel. Apr. 4, 1917 • 



defenders of the country. Those In charge of a household will see to it 
that the workers, that most Important element of the populace, be healthy 
and strong* 

Scientists, and all those engaged in research woric, should strain every 
fibre of their brains in order to improve our means of defense and so 
extend their aid in bringing about a swift victory. 




If everyone, or the majority at least, does his duty, the results will 
be something to fill us with pride* 



BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Apr. 3, 1917. 

FITNESS FOR MILITAHr SERVICE 

(Editorial) 

As to preparedness, we believe that the United States should not have 
started just a few months ago. It should have begun a few decades 
sooner. Only a nation physically healthy and strong can manage to be 
well prepared, for all the economic and industrial potential energy 
is of no use if the nation is not backed by physical fitness. The 
United States has had its own peculiar experiences in the past, which 
are popping up again. This can be best seen in the recruiting stations. 

We do not imply that the American people are a sickly one, but the great 
number of men rejected by the examining authorities sets one thin)clz]g. 
The militaristic countries do not accept for service any one person at 
LToadaa, true enough, but those rejected foim rather an exception, whereas 




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Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 3, 1917. 

in the TInlted States they are dangerously near being the rule. 

Such are the results of our mode of living, which saps the strength of 
man, and exhausts his physical resources more than is the case anywhere 
in the world. A compulsory military training might have a beneficial 
effect, but real reforms should no doubt begin somewhere else. 




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Denni Illasatel . Apr. 1, 1917, 
OUR SOCISTIES ni \mi TII.3) 



If ■far v/ith Germany should break out, there is no doubt that a great 
n\ir!iber of our young fellow-countrymen, members of our societies, will join 
the ranks of the amy as volunteers. Some have, perhaps, joined the militia 
or the regular Army already. It is not knovm to us hovi many of them belong 
to aid societies; the latter will probably furnish a large 'contingent v/i th- 
in a short tine. For the time being the interest of members of aid societies 
does not seem to be so important as it was in the Spanish-American "Jar. 
The interest will surely grov; once Var is roally on. !'any of the aid 
societies, if not all, have a by-law in their statutes to the effect that 
a member joining the Array will loose the benefits until the time of his 
return, then he may become a member again. This condition was already 
discussei when there were preparations made for a military expedition into 
I.:exico. Some of the aid societies announced that said by-law would be 
abolished. This patriotic decision v/as favorably commented upon. VJe do 




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III B 2 

I B 1 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 1, 1917. 

not know whether this proclairiation is still held as valid by the societies, 
A newr announcenent by the societies is expected when '.Var will become a 
fact. It is evident that if nany nenbers joined the Array, the reaction 
upon the financial foiindation of the various societies could not be 
miderestimated. But no society would hesitate to make sacrifices which 
in this case v/ould have a patriotic character, ITo society would take 
away the benefits fron the brethren \/ho joined the Amy v/hen the United 
States issues the call to the arms. 

The state lerislature v;ill probably pass no lav/ detrimental to the 
financial standing of the aid societies. There is only the danger that 
it may curtail their rif^ht to arrange dances and other entertainments 
according to their traditional custom, A proposed law forbids the sale 
of alcoholic beverages where four or more persons feather to dance, and 
where admission is paid in any form, be it even for the wardrobe only. 




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BOHSIvIIAN 



The bill is devised v;ith the utmost cunning and subtlety that it v;ould 
destroy the very spirit in vrtiich our entertainments are given and stultify 
the good purpose of the affair. The prohibitionist's proposal is ioaown as 
the Barbour bill. The United Societies took energetic steps tov/ard its 
defeat, and so the danger for our entertainments seems removed, Tor this 
year, at least. 




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Demii Illasatel , i:ar. 30, 1917. 

Ai: 3VIL WORSE THAN VJAR 
Victory of Prussian I'ilitarism 

(By the Press Bureau of the Czech National Association) 

There has risen here, especially since the tension between Germany and the 
United States has begun to grow, a propaganda whose battls cry is Peace at 
any pricel" I'any of these voices sound in discord, tuned partly to the 
jingle of the German mark, and partly to the syr.pathy desired by the 
Germans, but woefully lacking in our country. 

These propagandists are not in the pay of American capitalists and yet 
their activities are sure to cost many millions. No one ever hears of a 
iDublic collection for them. Politicians, statesmen, the intellectuals, 
not to mention the workingmen, do not contribute to their funds, and yet 




I G - 2 - BOHUlIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . I'jelT, 30, 1917. 

'fliile thousands of telegrams and appeals flooded the United States to 
be followed by another ten thousand intended for the President and 
Congress, we established the fact that thouf-^h no resolutions af^ainst 
'iTar had been passed by our Czech organizations, telegrams from many 
places v;ere foisted upon .'/ashington. These messages might be interpreted 
in a sense that the Czech workingmen are pro-Austrian and pro-German, and 
that they are totally indifferent to the fate of a nation v;hich depends 
on the defeat of Germany. 

. Great numbers of men and women, kno-vvn among the people from their public 
actiyities, v;ere sent innumerable telegrams calling upon them to send 
messages and resolutions to the President and to protest against .Jar, 
either personally or representing oi^anizations, single, or in entire 
groups. 

Editor's Note: V/hy cannot the Czech "ational Association identify the 




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Deiiiii Iilasatel . :.:ar. 30, 1917, 

writers? V/e know that in Chicago there v;ere meetings held against the 
'.far, and that there had been Czech participants and speakers, "Je did 
not keep silent, but vrrote about it. '7e are not afraid to expose 
these conditions again. 




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Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 27, 1917. 
CALL TO THE SOKDL LEGION 




In these serious, historically dignifioant times, when the American people are 
preparing to help the Allies morally and materially to beat dowi the hydra of 
German, Austrian, Hungarian, and Turkish militarism, and to contribute to vic- 
tory for the sake of democracy and hximanity, towards the ideals so nobly ex- 
pressed by President Woodrow Wilson, it is the most sacred duty of the Czechs 
and Slovaks, of unmarried, healthy patriots, to report to the last man for en- 
listment in the Czech Sokol Legion and to join as volunteers the ranks of the 
soldiers. 

There is a meeting to be called for this purpose; the time is set for March 
28, at 8 P. M. , the place is the hall of the Sokol Havlicek Tyrs. The issue is 



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Dennl Hlasetel , Mar. 27, 1917. 



BOHEIilAN 



going to be discussed thorou'hly in a debate in which all single, able- 
bodied patriots are expected to take part, and so de .onstrate their 
patriotism and Sokol ideals. Brothers Kosar, Klepal, and others will 
also be ■oresent. 




Be sure to come, all of you, knd help make the meeting huge and worthwhile! 



I Q BOHEt>aAN 

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Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 27, 1917. 

/JMMAN-AMERICANS AND THS KAlSm/' 

(Editorial) 

Any man of sound reason knows and understands that the bloody battles in 
Europe are not being fought against the German people, but against the mad 
Kaiser, who has become an acute danger to the entire civilized world. 
Perhaps, even the German soldiers on the diverse fighting fronts are aware 
of this as well as their starving relatives at home. If the immigrant Germans, 
particularly the German-Americans, could grasp this truth they would suddenly 
become better adherents of their nation and, at the same time, better citizens 
of their adopted countries. 7;ill they ever arrire at this conclusion? Hardly 
30. At least the behavior of the German-Americans gives the impression that 
they see in the 2Caiser the syriibol of the most beautiful characteristics, 
Natxirally, they do not dare to come out in the open with their opinions, but 
nevertheless they smell of Kaiaerism so that one can scent then fron a long 
distance. 





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Denni Hlasatel . :'ar. 25, 1917. 

aZ^OU J^ JaiilCAICS FCFt -ITi^TR II.TP.ISCiriD SCIi5I]2RS 

(Sumr-iiry) 

V/e are active not only in Ar.erica, in London, in France, and in Pussia 
but in many other countries. /e are engacod in orranizction and in pub- 
licity necessary for the proper inroriiiation of nations of many tongues 
in our fi^ht for the independence of our people. There are nore than 
35,000 Czech fighters on the Russian front alone; there is the dzech 
lepon in ITrancti, and nev; regiments are beinr; formed in England and in 
Canada. These are the results of untiring labor, toil, and trouble. 

V.'e intend to organize in order to help the siiffering Czech soldiers on 
the various fronts, v;ho are rroaning under the hardships of imprisonment: 
First, \7e want to evoke the interest of the Czech-American public. Je 
are planning the creation of a "Prisoners Auxiliary Department," v;hich 





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Denni Hlasatel . l.:ar. 25, 1917. 



shall be composed cf representatives oi" the Czech rational 
Association (C. IT. S.), representatives of the present Auxiliary Depart- 
ment, and feiaale members cf all Sokol and other national organizations. 
The entire action should be approved by the G. K, S. (Czech I.'ational 
Association) and supported by our Czech vronen. 

A similar organization should be put in charce of a thoroughly regulated 
agitating enterprise, in order to provide the naterial necessary for 
carrying but our purpose: underwear, clothes, shoes, and other articles. 
Individual addresses of Czech prisoners :nay be sent to the laore prosperous 
families, in tov/ns and in the country, v/ho consent to send useful gifts to 
the soldiers, occasionally or rerailarly. The methods to be used in the 
distribution of necessities will be discussed in a meeting to be called 
in Chicago at an early date. Numerous members of each of our ladies' 
national organizations, and others are expected to appear. All of you 
extend help to the Czech prisoners, in the name of our nation and of 
humanity itself I 




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Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 14, 1917. 
EDITOR HOLDS SOCIALISTS UNDER THE LBlELliSTr 



The Socialist alderman, Rodriguez, told his comrades last Sunday what he 
thinks of their action for "peace at any price." The Arbeiter-Zeitung 
refers to the meeting of the delegates from Cook County and prints in 
substance: "The German Socialists here condemn every comrade who joins 
the army, and threatens him with exclusion from the party. They abhor 
even those who work in ammunition factories, and advise every Socialist 
to shoot himself to death before he should join the Amy and murder others. 
Alderman Rodriguez takes a different attitude. He acknowledges certain 
rights to liberty which he intends to defend with gun in hand, and is, 
therefore, against a "peace at any price." He used also an argument in the 
wrdng place in favor of the Eurppean Socialists as an excuse for fighting in 
a capitalistic war by quoting Man, who himself, said he would refuse to go 
to war under certain circumstances. Rodriguez further held it against the 
comrades that they are one sided by being international, theoretically. 




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BOHEMIAN 




whereas In the organizations, national quarrels are rampant. He points to 
the applause drawn from German Socialists when the speaker happens to agree 
with the U-boat campaign." 



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Denni Hlasatel , lar. 13, 1917, 

GSRI:AII-AI'.2RICA1I VGIG3S 

The American Geriians have become no re cautious oi" late, though they have 
not chanf^ed a bit, intrinsically, rheir courageous hearts have only 
become a little afraid of spreading; propaganda openly, and, therefore, 
with a part of the Irish, they contain thenselves for arranging peace 
neetings. They attack Araericans as the real instigators of a v/ar scare • 
in the United States, Tlie Genian papers in their editorials refrain from 
criticizing certain iiieasures of the President and of the r.overnnent, satis 
fied v;ith the reprint of speeches from peace r.eetin-s and cornrients "frou 
the people," in which the Gei7-.ans relieve themselves of their opinion 
about the fact that it is people to whom America ov;es so much, and how 
the Germans should act nov^ in these critical tines. 

An article such as this, v;hich blabbers r.uch, and insinuates still more, 
is printed in the Sonntagspost . 




It cane from the pen of that paper's 



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ECri2l.;lJ\i: 



pennanent contributor, F. F, I.'atenaers, '.Te do not nean to v;aste any time 
to describe the process of thinlcin^ by -.Thich the Ger3r.an arrives at the 
conclusion thab the United States v/ithout the Gemans could not te v/hat 
they aro nov;, and that it is the laission of the G-er^ians to v/in liberty 
for this country and preserve it. It finally calls on his follov;-country- 
men to renain faithful until death. Faithful, of course, not to the 
American -overnment, but oo their o\vn Geman mission, to Geman sentinent, 
v/hich at this moment means "-eace at any price," :Je v/ant to take issue 
with excerpts only from the "voice of the people" of .vhich ;»-e are con- 
vinced that it comes ri^ht from the hearts of the millions of Gerr.ians 
living here. 




It depicts hov; the 2nf:lish lanrniage papers here serve the Anslo-American 
interests and capital, v;hich draw the noose lighter, in order to choke to 
death American independence and liberty. It then says: "V/oe to the 
American German who dares to point to ^hese shameful raids, and at the 



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ECH^' ''JA 



danger underlying these conditions. He is instantly branded a "Geman 
spy," first by the papers and then by th3 people, v;ho cannot discern 
the duplicity of the press. 



: m. I' 



The Germans in America have completely forgotten their mission under these 
conditions of the last days and v/eeks. ..lien, by the disruption of diplo- 
matic relations between :^he bnited States and Germany, the internal anta- 
gonism took on more acute forms, the Cerrl^an "leaders" lost their heads. 
Fear, and unbelievable panic beset all of them, and they v;ere unable to 
fijid themselves. In this manner, many German-Araericans becai.ie traitors 
to the mission of the Germans and to ohis country at the same time. They 
became traitors to the Stajf-Spangled Banner, All those prominent Germans 
became traitors. All of those who had loved so to shine as "leaders" 
could not pack up their baggage fast enough to get into places less con- 
spicuous or more solitary, Tlie traitors have become weaklings. There is, 
however, the great multitute of German-Americans who have preserved their 



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BCH3.:iAl.^ 



loyalty to this country and they are those on whom vie must rely for the 
future of our land. It is high time, now, that this loyalty of the 
Gentian-Americans be incorporated into actions v/hich bear fruit. V/e have 
not yet entered the V'ar on the side of the Snglish, ITiere is still a 
struggle going on in this country betv;een the right American sentiment 
on the one side, and the Anglo-American capiiialisn on the other. i?he 
individual does not count, but the attitude of millions of the most or- 
derly and best citizens of our country is to be considered. It is 
necessary that able men make the deciding steps for the protection of 
the interests of the United States, which axe also the most cherished 
interests of the German-Americans. If the millions of the right thinking 
Germans in America v;ould start determined action politically and eco- ■ 
ncnilcally against the "friends of peace," then a real peace could still 
be won for our country, l.'othing can be accomplished by re.Tiaining v;-ealc- 
kneed and giving assurances of "loyalty," and of pride of fighting for 
the Star-Spangled Banner, even if it be done for the English, 




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Denni Hlasatel. Liar. 13, IS 17. 



'iJhy not do av/ay v;ith all this false shane? 'le live and die for the 
inheritance of our predecessors, as the Oeman-Ar-ericans have done for 
their forbears, and as our forefathers have done for the Star-Spangled 
Banner. 

It. Is (G^TkSBs that the Star-Spangled Banner fits the German patriots like 
the mailed fist. In short: Hie Geraian interests can be served by "peace 
at any price" only, because the war would hit nothing but Germany, and 
therefore, the Germans of America must stand shoulder to shoulder to pre- 
vent the outbreak of war. If there were a call to the ains against 
Enrland, the Gerran-Americans -ould pull strings very differentlj'-. 

But vie are not surprised at the Germans here. They are too thoroughly/ 
impregnated v/ith the spirit of mother Cemania to ackno-vlodge rights cbher 
than their ovm. /e marvel, lio./ever, at oeople vxho are bom "S Orech 
mothers, and yet pull en the side of the assassins of the Czech nation, 




I G 
I C 



- 6 - 



Denni Illasatel, i:ar. 13, 1917. 



FCITSI.'IAN 



and vilth elements antagonistic tov/ard the j\nerican people. .7e are 
dumbfounded at the brazeimess oi" people v/ho are attei.-iptinr to defend 
their attitude hefore our fellov/-ccuntr:,-men. Their sophistication rivals 
that of the GeiT'^ns v/ho talk of a revolution v;hile professing loyalty to 
the Star Spangled Banner. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

III B 2 Deiml KLasatel. Mar. 9, 1917 • 
II D 10 

II D 6 BAZAAR OF THE CZECH NATIONAL ASSOCIATION 

III H 
I C Sokol Day I These words speak for themselves. They contaixi 

everything that moves the soul of the nation, and also the 
statement that the Sokols have done their duty. They came by the hundreds; 
the Havlicek-Tyrs Sokols came corporatively with their banner. It was 
expected that the Sokols would constitute the bulk of the attendance, but 
no one fathomed that the crowd would exceed the numbers of last Sunday. 
The halls of the pavilion in the Filsen Brewing Ccsnpany were completely 
filled by sxmset, and more than three thousand men and women had to re- 
main outside without even getting a glimpse of the bazaar, for the police 
found it necessary to close the gates. No one can remember such a crowd 
of people - well, it simply was the day for people vd.th sincere Czech 
sentiment, it was Sokol Day. 

This sincere sentiment became still more evident during the touching 




I G 

II B 1 c 

III B 2 
II D 10 

II D 6 

III H 
I C 



(3) 



- 2 - 



Denni masatel . liar. 9, 1S17. 



r-OTISI'IAIvT 




nanifestation of fraternal feelincs betvreen the Czechs and 
their French guest. At nine o'clock Roggenbush, the old 
French veteran and Alsatian, already knovm to us by his 
former visits to the bazaar, arrived accompanied by I'r. 
Fergler, president of the bazaar committee, I.'r. Vcjta Eenes, Jfi", ' . 
Psenka, editor of the Denni Hlasatel . Feals of applause greeted him, 
and the orchestra burst into the strains of the "I.'arseillaise" joined 
by the multitide, .Thich gave expression to their enthusiasm by never- 
ending calls of "Vive La Francel" The veteran, v;ho had bled from seventeen 
v/ounds for his country, stood at attention giving the salute, then played 
on the bugle the solemn prayer of the arraj'' for the comrades who had riven 
their lives for liberty, and finally stepped ior,vard to deliver an address^- 
in the English lan;"uage in v/hich he said: "France is fighting today not 
only for herself but for the future of mankind, I am proud of having 
been given the opportunity to shed mir blood for the Republic. I feel 
equally happy to see the Czech nation sacrificing herself for the independence 



I G - 3 - BCIIg'IA^: 

II E 1 c (3) 

III E 2 Deiuii Hlasatel . :.!ar. 9, 1917. 
II D 10 "n^^^ 

II D 6 of her country, x.iis shall be a memorj'- indeliblj' written into 

III H my life, I wish to the Czech and the French peoples a complete 
I C victory and well-assured liberty," 

These subline and fiery v/ords were rewarded by thundering: calls of Tivo 
La France," by the thrones, amonf: vhom stood riany v;ith tear-filled eyes. 
This certainly was a high point in -he history of our bazaar and reached 
its very cliinax when brother Sokol ^^roper nam^ kissed the French vete:'an 
in brotherly emotion. 

During those unforj^^ettable nonents it was impossible to develop the ■f'inan- 
■ cial energies to their fullest raeasure, Nevertheless, the overcrowded 
condition granted the evening a pecuniary success which reached the record 
figure, as did the attendance. 

The Slovak booths, especially those of the Slovak Sokol and of the Slovak 





(3) 



- 4 - 



Denni Hlasatel, liar, .r, 1917. 



BOISi'IAIT 



League, seemed to be one of the main centers of attraction in 
the bazaar. The "Letkvar" an", indigenous Slovak drink, and 
the "Liptovska ISrindza," a cheese containing such ingredients 
as chives, capers, and paprika pepper, were ^coveted by everyone 
At the sane tine, the election of the-Q^ueen of the bazaar -.;as making great 
strides towards the ultinate results v/hich are to be announced on the last 
evening of the bazaar, next Saturday. 




The Sokol bazaar evening v/as an affair of all jstrata of the people. 
will be evident when the "Golden look" is liublished. 



This 



Denni Hlasatel . Liar. 8, 1917. 



C2L3BRAT3 TIEIR L3AD3R'S BIRTI!DAY 



I G BOHa!:iAII 

II E 1 c (3) 

III B 2 

II D 10 

III E 
III H 

Ivlasaryk Day at the bazaar of the G. II. S. (Czech National 
Association) was what it was expected to be. L^ore than ten thousand 
adults entered the gates of the pavilion of the Pilsen Brewery Company 
last night. Everyone seemed to be aware that he was not only visiting 
the bazaar, but that he was about to help honor the name of Lasaryk whose 
sixty-seventh birthday was being celebrated. 

The afternoon ^vas "the children's** of v;hon no less than 7,000 came in 
huge bevies. 'iTie din from the sea of small voices v;as almost deafening, 
but the management and the "mammas" kept everything in good order, 
supervision of the children and the care of their safety were in the 
reliable hands of Mr. Vojta Benes and superintendent of the "Liberal 
Schools" Iv'r, Veverka. 



The 




J G 

II B 1 c 

II D 10 

III B 2 
III 3 
III H 



(3) 



- 2 - 



Demii Hlasatel. I.:ar. 8, 1917, 



BCIHT'IAIT 



Toward evening the children had barely left v/hen the halls 
began to become overcrowded again. The cabaret, especially, 
v/as filled to the last seat, although it demanded the patronage 
of the more well-to-do people. But our masses alv/ays represent every v/alk 
of life, and so there v;ere to be seen our bankers, businessmen, architects, 
lawyers, physicians, artists, editors alongside of the small trader, work- 
ingman, etc. This spectacle filled everybody's heart v/ith joyl 



All of the booths became gradually thronged with newcomers; the supplies 
were disappearing at a danrerous rate, .vhile the satchels of the patriotic 
vendors were filled zo an unexpected size. The more prosperous fellow- 
countrymen -.vere of course bombarded from every side, and if they did not 
leave v/ith their funds entirely depleted, it was not the fault of several 
hundred ladies v;ho showed the utmost skill in selling their articles. 




I G 

II B 1 c 

II D 10 

III B 2 

III S 
III H 



(3) 



- 3 - 



Denni laasatel. Vat, 8, 1917. 



BCHZI.a:AII 



It was a gala day for the ''Golden Look." Though there still 
was room enough for twice the signatures gathered, the total 
result is considered very good, as mny could not gain entrance 
to the booth of the Czech Lational Association where the book was open to 
the generous visitors. Those v;ho nost deserve mention as propagators of 
these contributions are: Ljs. Psenka, : r. J. J. Votava, I.'r. Klima, and 
I'JT. Vojta Benes. 

A separate and nost abundant source of patriotic donations vxas the cabaret. 
I'any of the tabDeawere reserved (list given). It. John Cervenka, as on 
every other day, i*ojk upon his s;:oulders the strenuous work of an auctioneer 
and realized high prices for the precious and rare articles donated to the 
bazaar. There was only one who could vie with hin in untiring efforts, I'rs. 
Cervenka v/ho supervised the serving. 

The social and patriotic climax was reached ^-Aien the orchestra intoned the^' 





- 4 - Boin!:iAi' 

(3) 

Demil lllasatel . liar. 8, 1917. 

tvTO anthems '^lej 'Jlovaner' and "Kde Domov ."uj';" Everybody 
joined in, including those who were bom on this soil. The 
solemn feeling was instilled into the multitude by a speech 
extemporaneously delivered by Yojta Benes. The ..ords are hard to repeat, 
but Benes related in his speech the follov/ing: "The thought of America, 
as coming to our aid, cannot leave our people. They all aro asking them- 
selves '.'/ill she come?' A poor rian, carrier for a small labor sheet, 
came here the other day, laid dovm ten dollars for ..he good cause, and 
wrote his name in the "G-olden Took." ::o'.; he sits in the booth of the G. 
i:, J. and plays the gramophone all evening- to the one tune: 'She will 
come.' On the birthday of the greatest Czech I want to ask those of the 
more prosperous class 'will she come?' 





I G LCHS:iAI^ 

Denni Illasatel . r.ar, 6, 1917, 

CZ2GKS s::c./ n-znm golors-cha:igs cfhiicit ci' aijjs^igais 

(Editorial) 

V.'e Czechs and Slovaks ars a rrii.£-hty contirif-ent of this country. During 
decenniums v;e have settled in the bic cities and Tomed our centers there; 
v;e have founded pure 3zech coranunities in the rural districts; ./e have 
prospered in industry, coronerce, and various other ..-alks of life as in the 
realm of art; but it appears that this is not sufficient as yet, Forrrie;.ly 
the Ar-erican public did not knov; us and the ^Inerican press did not care 
about us. Cur national nanifestations have in riost instances been handled 
in the newspaper columns as only occasional affairs to be forgotten in the 
wink of an eye. In this respect, ho/ever, F:any changes have taken place, 

7/ithin the past tvro and a half years nore has been v;ritten about us, and 
in a nore sincere vein, than in all the docenniiims preceding. The reason 




I G - 2 - FX}^^.'LAi: 

III B 2 

I F 4 Denni Illasatel , Tar. 6, 1917. 

Ill D 

I C for this is obvious. V© have been able to convince the 3n{^lish 
lan{ruaee papers and their readers that v;e not only love our old 
honeland but that v;e are good citizens o£ this country, v/hich has given us 
a new home. .7e tended to express our feelinrs in various meeting, e.f,, 
the unforgettable one in June, lust year, in the Golisoum. I-any proclama- 
tions issued by the Czech Gokols testify to our sentiments, by offering the 
Czech manhood to the United States for service in case of vreir, ITie patriotic 
meetings cannot fail to rake a lasting, impression upon the American nind, in 
consideration of the behavior of the Germans in these momentous times. Cur 
honest point of viev/, our love for the Star Spangled Banner, and our enthu- 
siasm for the interest of all sincere Americans, demonstrated at the proper 
time, have proved their value. Ve are taking cognizance of this without 
any attempt at flattering ourselves. 





BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 6, 1917. 

TRAITORS IN DISGUISB 

( Editorial ) 

The American public has at present a double duty: first to watch the 
Germans of this city, and second to watch those, who for gain, lend them- 
selYes as willing tools for their activities. The latter consist of 
United States congressmen and senators who need the German votes in order 
to make political headway. Americem politics have always been dirty, 
true enough, but it must be called cm arrogance that cries up to heaven, 
when some, who have succeeded in climbing politiceuL heights, have the 
cheek to cross the plans of our president and impede his actions in every 
way and at every opportunity; all this just so they can return to their 
German constituents and show that they have made good. What is the 
difference between a fellow like La Follette of Wisconsin or Stone of 
Missouri, and a Benedict Arnold of colonial times? They do not get into 




F 
F 
C 

J 



5 
6 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. 6, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



the limelight, their work cannot be exposed, and they themselTes 
cannot be punished, yet their subversive activities go on never- 
theless, and the part they play Is that of contemptible traitors. Arnold 
betrayed the American revolutionists for money. Stone and La Follette 
work against the interests of the American people for political advemce- 
ment; otherwise the three men resemble each other like one egg does another. 
Svery traitor should be finally taken to account. 







I G BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) / 

II D 10 Deiml Hlasatel , Mar. 5, 1917, 

III B 2 

III H BAZAAR OF THE CZECH NATIONAL ASSOCIATION 

17 

More than ten thousand Czechs €uid Slovalcs entered the gates of 
the pavilion of the Pilsen Brewery Park, where the Ceske Narodnl Sdruzeni 
(Czech National Association) has opened a bazaar for the benefit of 
patriotic enterprise, and filled the two large halls to capapity. In 
the evening, when the nmltitude burst into singing of national anthems, 
there was hardly any standing room left for the many ^o were trying to 
gain entrance. The crowd then divided into streams by which the visitor 
was carried involuntarily from one stand to another. 

Children played a conspicuously colorful part in the propagation of sales 
in an around the booths, where an immense variety of articles were offered 
to the eager purchaser. Little boys and girls gave a regular sales talk, 
couched in verses, praising their particular "line," ranging from aprons 
to old country sausage eind further up or down. 




I G 

II B 1 c 

II D 10 

III B 2 
III H 
17 



(3) 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel . Mar. 5, 1917» 



BOHEMIAN 



In an almost secluded comer, there stood a booth which was 
obrlously regarded with great reverence. Within was kept 
the "Grolden Book." Those who had bought to their hearts 
content at the stands, and also had supplied themselyes with tickets 
for a lot in the j^ffle, could give still another test to their patriotic 
convictions by signing their names in the book with the amount of money 
they are further willing to sacrifice for the good cause. The first line 
was occupied by the name of one of our most generous and devoted x)atriots 
John A. Cervenka president of the Pilsen Brewing Company, a concern con- 
ducted by sincere Czechs. He led with a contribution of fifty dollars. 
A long series of names of leaders of Sokol organizations was headed, of 
course, by Vojta Benes. ^^any outsiders, from near and far, even from 
Detroit, Omaha, and other cities, signed their names, a testimony of 
their sentiments. The "Golden Book" contains many Slovak names, and so 
serves as a record for the unity of thought of the Czechs and Slovaks. 
Is your name in the book? If so, you are helping make history for the 




I G 

II B 1 c 

II D 10 

III B 2 
III H 
Vi 



(3) 



- 3 - 



Dennl Hlasatel, Mar. 5, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 



Czechs and Slovaks in Chicago during fateful hours. It is 
your duty to make this history worth recording for our pos- 
terity. 




The contest among the ladies for the honor of being crowned queen at the 
close of the bazaar next Saturday is assuming great proportions. FrieMs 
of the contestants are exhibiting great eagerness in buying voters* 
tickets, the numbers of which run into many thousands. A strong stimulant 
was instilled into the contest by three additional prizes, a gift by the 
Association of Czech Jewelers and Watchmakers: Second prize, a gold 
bracelet with a diamond worth $100; third prize, a cameo ring with a 
-t^ diamond worth $50; fourth prize; a fourteen carat gold watch worth $30. 



I G 
I;D 1 a 

I D 1 b 

II D 10 
II E 2 



ECIIHI':iAIT 



Denni Illasatel . liar. 3, 1917. 
RUl'OSS UI.TCUIDSD 



For reasons unknovm to us, but certainly shady ones, reports are being 
circulated bhat our Czech tanks are facing default. Their purpose can 
only be to undermine the sovind financial structure of our institutions 
and thus shake the faith of the corrjnunity. Exactly one month has 
passed since the news of the United States' severing diplomatic relations 
with Geimany became known, and almost sim.ultaneously our people, in all 
walks of life, began to receive intimations over the telephone tending 
to disquiet them concerning the security of deposits. Others v/ere 
addressed directly. Last week, those conspiring criminals, for they 
are nothing else, concentrated theii- pernicious activities upon concerns 
located on 25th Street, and among these ],articularly the ITational Lawndale 
Bank. The investigations begun by police have not brought any tangible 
result as yet. Competitors, who themselves are sitting in a glass house, 
inay. have a hand in the dirty game, and are trying to save themselves by 






o\\ 



I G 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b 

II D 10 
II E 2 



- 2 - 



Denni Hlasatel. Kar, 3, 1917. 



EC}a:iAlT 



this whispering compaign. Or, perhaps some evil spirits, 
knov;inf^ that we all are preparing for the Czech bazaar, 
where we shall contribute to our national patriotic v;ork, are trying to 
create a panic in the ninds of the people and thereby dissuade them 
from parting with their money for our patriotic cause, .7e cannot answer, 
but the conspicuous point of the issue renains in the fact that the rumors 
began when the United States took a decisive step in breaking with Geimany, 
which brought us nearer to the fulfillment of our wishes. 

Any person ever so slightly acquainted with the conditions of our state 
and national institutions cannot be friglitened by such insidious iiimors. 
But there are some who still are under the impression that some foreign, 
and recently two Czech-American, institutions have broken dovm, and who 
in the excitement will lend an ear to reports of any sort. It is to 
these people v/e appeal to not take part in any run on their bank before 
they have investigated, and to not rashly undertalce anything that would 




I G 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b 

II D 10 
II E 2 



- 3 - 



Deniii Hlasatel . I.'ar. 3, 1917. 



ECJC^riAlT 



play into the hands oi" the crooks v;ho want to precipitate a 
panic, v/hatever zae notives fox- their actions r.iay be. "Anyone 
who vreis approached by these scandalrconcers v;ill inf^ratiate hinself not 
onlj'' to his bank but to the v;hole conr-unity if he finds out and reports 
the names of the persons v/ho are spreadin<: these false alarms. 

"■^e have learned that one of the nialefactors is an enployee of a German 
v;holesale house which supplies ham and other siioked neat to sorte of our 
Czech butchers. Another instande is furnished by the salesgirl in a 
business house of foreign nationality who is said to have come hons from 
the store, on 26th street, breathless, and shout inc that a run had been 
started on the Lav/ndale Bank, ./e have been iinable to establish the 
source of this rumor. 



A man entered the First National Eahk last Friday and attempted to pass 
a bad check; he was seized, and police occupied the doors. This incident 




ic^s 



*- / 



I G - 4 - BCIIZ!:iAIT 

I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Denni Ilia sat el . Ear. 3, 1917. 

II D 10 

II S 2 vreis sufficient to cause people to suspect sonething v/rong. 

Once more, fellov^-countrynen, we v/ant to admonish, you to keep your com- 
posure. Don't let yourself be bamboozled into an action j'-ou might be 
sorry to have undertakenl Cur supei-vised Gzech-^lr.ierican state and 
national banks are perfectly safel Do not play into the hands of male- 
volent persons v/ho are antagonistic to our Czech enterprises and are 
perhaps enemies of the entire Czech nationl 




•^ — 



I G 
III B 
III B 
III D 
"III H 
I C 
IV 



BOHS::iAN 



1 

4 



Dernii Hlasatel, Feb. 28, 1917. 



TC TH3 CZ3CH PSCPI^I 



_^^cerpt fron the appeal sent from the Cleveland conference, 
Feb, 17 and 1£, 1917, of the Czech l.aoional Association in 
which Chicai?;o was represented by; Ceska Cbec Sokolska, (Czech Sokol 
Community), delegate i-ir. Bohus Ileik; Zupa Fue^ner-Tyrs (Group Fuegner 
Tyrs) , delegate I'r. Jarka Kosar; Harodni Jednota Sokolska (ITational 
Sokol Union), delegate Adolph Vik; Vyb. Sv, Svob., delegate R. A. 
Yunger; Kraj. Vyb,, delegate Frank C, Layer; Ustredni Vyb, C. IJ, S. 
(Central committee Czech liational Assjociation) Jaroslav J. Zmrhal, 
Jos. "ivrzicky, Doctor J. F, Gnetankaj^ 

More than two years ago a tiny group of patriotic Czechs met in Cleve- 
land, and here, in deadl^'- fear for the fate of the old homeland, raised 
their voices in an appeal to the Ai.ierican fellovz-countrymen of their 
own kind. It v/as a clarion call of blood and love, of brotherhood and 



I.WAl 



ill 



/. 



I G 
III B 
III B 
III D 
III H 
I C 
IV 



bche::ian 



4 



Denni Hlasatel. Feb. 28, 1917. 



TC IHS CZ3GH PSCPLSI 



/^xcer-pt from the appeal sent from the Cleveland conference, 
Feb. 17 and 18, 1917, of the Czech l.ational Association in 
which Chica:?;o was represented by: Ceska Cbec SokoTska, (Czech Sokol 
Coraminity) , delegate i-r. Bohus llak; Zupa Fuegner-TjTs (Group Fuegner 
Tyrs) , delegate i:r, Jarka Kosar; Harodni Jednota Sokolska (ITational 
Sokol Union), delegate Adolph Vlk; Vyb. Sv. Svob,, delegate R. A. 
Yun,ier; Kraj. Vyb., delegate Frank C. Layer; Ustredni Vyb. G, IJ, S. 
(Central coirmiittee Czech liational Association) Jaroslav J. Zrarhal, 
Jos. ivrzicky, Doctor J. F. Gr.ietanka_^ 

I'Ore than two years ago a tiny group of patriotic Czechs met in Cleve- 
land, and here, in deadl-'^- fear for the fate of the old homeland, raised 
their voices in an appeal to the Anerican fellow-countrymen of their 
own kind. It was a clarion call of blood and love, of brotherhood and 




I G 



- 2 - 



B0IISI.1AK 



III 


E 


1 


III 


B. 


4-- 


III 


D 




III 


H 




I c 






IV 







Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 28, 1917. 

conscience, vjhich reverberated from East to ./est. It was 
an outcry filled v;ith pain, which bore the anxious and 
urgent message: "Childrenl Help the native landl" 




The echo of the call took root in thousands of souls of the loyal 
Czech people. Their undying love and undaunted courage led them 
resolutely over obstacles and antagonism. Toil and trouble built up 
our strength, and gave power to our ranks. Doubts about the value 
of our work and our efforts dispersed like vapors before the rising 
sun. 



Aidwhen the rays of the s\in really broke through the bloody mist 
over the East, when we hearri. the solemn raessage from nations to 
nations, that message which, resounded through the v;orld, which over- 
cane the peals of the cannons and superimposed itself over the horrible 
wounds of the battlefields, our sore eyes saw, and we learned, that by 



I G 
III B 
III B 
III 
III 
I C 
17 



1 
4 



D 

H 



- 3 - 



Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 28, 1917. 



BOHSt!IAK 



the will of the Allied powers, liberty shall be won' for the 
Czecho-Slovak people also. How many eyes were filled with 
tears, how many hearts throbbed with the enotion of purest 
joy? 




^Ve stand for the second tine, today, before the forum of Czech-America, 
and in its name, and with its whole heart, we rally shoulder to shoulder, 
fully conscious of these fateful tines, behind our President. He has 
lifted the principles of huraanitarianism and the rights of the small 
nations upon his shield of sacred law and honest dealing amonf^ the nations. 
The Czech people turn to him as to its President, grateful for his message 
to the civilized world, firmly determined to support him, even v/hen he 
raises his sword for the defense of human principles and civilization 
for which Europe is bleeding. 



',1e actaaowledge with sincere gratitude the moral and financial support 



I G 
III B 
III 
III 
III H 
I C 
IV 



B 
D 



- 4 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Feb. 28, 1917. 



BOHSI!IAIJ 



given to us. VVe call to you: "Brethrenl V/e have covered 
only half the stony road that leads to our great goal. Be 
men, and persevere in your .vorkl A man will not quit the 



post to which he was assigned. By sheer necessity, he is 
bound to endure the stress. Xnd. you are men indeed. A Czech does 
not, and shall not, desert his o^vn nation. Ve appeal to you, our 
friends, our associations, to you v/orkingmen, our brethren: It v/as 
your callous hands that laid do';m the hard earned penny upon the 
altar of the fatherland. Sven the poorest :rian had his heart in the 
right spot in the darkest hour of his native land - and he did his 
bit. .7e do not have to ask him any moie, for we know that he will 
do the duty he has taken upon his weary shoulders." 

The work done up to now 'Afas mainly of a financial nature. From nov/ 
on, however, it will be necessary to make our purposes known to the 
broader masses and speak, so to say, "to the heart of the Republic." 
It is incumbent upon every individual, as well as upon organizations, 







I G - 5 - BOHIJ.'IAIT 

III B 1 

III B 4 Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 28, 1917. 

Ill D 

III H ' to make America acquainted with the salient points of our 

L C efforts. 

17 

Do not waver in the struggle. Fight on to exhaustion, and 
we will be heading towards a better future. of our nation. Let the 
slogan of our dear leader, Thomas G. },!asaryk, be our slogan: "Foi%v'ard 
for persistent fruitful v;ork for the liberty of the nation'." 

Czech peoplel I.Iayest thou be true to thyself, strong and healthyl 




1 



I G 

III B 1 
III D 



BCIEI'IAIT 



Dennl lilasatol . Feb. 21, 1C17. 
SOKOLS RALLY AP.OUID U. S. YlACr 



In a time when the inalienable rights of this new homeland oi ours are 
jeopardized, there appears on the horizon zhe duty to defend the liberty 
of this country. :ie are calling on all members of the Sokol coraimnity 
to rally around the Anerican flag, as it behooves nodel citizens to be 
ready for any sacrifice for the eood of this great republic. The Sokols 
are to stand for the principles of humanity and equal rights as promulgated 
firmly and clearly by President ,7ilson. 

He Czechs feel the great responsibility resting upon our government, which 
has made every effort to secure peace, but in case of v/ar, v/e will fully 
grasp the importance of the duties to^vards this country. 

•.7e stand united behind our President, and v;e offer him our strong arms 
in the fight for the principles of this country, v;hich are identical v^th 




I G 

III B 1 
III D 



- 2 - 



Denni ID.asatel, Feb. 21, 1917. 



BCIEJIAIT 



those of the small nations subjugated now, rhe Czech nation has spilled 
rivers of blood already in the interest of humanity and its liberty. 
Czech Sokols are fighting in the ranks of the English, French, and Russian 
legions. 7e Czechs have renounced allegiance to the rovernment which 
oppresses our nation, and have become proud citizens of this great free 
republic to .vhich v/e feel bound by the sacred bonds of obligation as to 
the mighty protector of the small nations. 

VJe, therefore, urge all nenbers of the Sokol organization to make an 
appearance at our stations to be recruited into the "Sokol Legion" v/hich 
is being organized in eveiy coiT-er of the United States. (List of cities 
where the first stations are located is given.) 




The Sokol organizations have been founded as a nucleus for a future Czech 
national tirmy, and so our people have become accustomed to look to them 
with, genuine pride. The people see their salvation in the national spirit 



I G - 3 - 

III B 1 

III D Denni Hlasatel . ?eb. 21, 1917. 

instilled into the Sokols. 



DOIGn:AI'I 



We are confident that our fellow-countrymen v/ill not fail us, and shall 
prove that they are v/illing to sacrifice their whole being for the 
'welfare of our nevj homeland, which is the most beautiful, the most #/^^ <- 
valiant, and the holiest of all others. |q W.P.A. 



I 



I G BOHKLTTAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Feb, 15, 1917. 

"BEWARE OF F0RSI(2J AGITATORSJ" EDITOR WARNS 

Large numbers of German and Magyar agents are now roaming the country 
spreading false news and trying to bring about a panic in the country. 
These agitators are obviously dlsseiiinating rumors of an impending 
calamity in the form of a bankruptcy of the whole structure of our land 
in case of hbstllities against the central powers should be started by 
the United States, By confusing the mind of the people, they hope 
that the publi(5 will take an antagonistic attitude toward a declaration 
of 7/ar on the part of the United States, 

They proclaim that Uncle Sam will confiscate money deposited in the 
banks, and use it for the purpose of condutting the war. This is a lie 
deserving to be pxinished, for the United States is different from Austria, 




I G - 2 - BOHStJIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Feb, 15, 1917, 

where now, in the third year of the war, the government intends to 
confiscate, or "requisition," fUlly one-third of the people ♦s property 
in order to be able to carry on the V.'ar. 

Now, what may happen in Austria is not possible in the United States, 
where the property of every citizen is protected by the law. In fact, 
the money deposited in well conducted state and national banks is safer 
than anywhere else* 

We are dwelling with emphasis on this point, for if people should allow 
themselves to be misled into withdrawing their money suddenly, they 
might really precipitate a "run" on the banks, thus endangering their 
own deposits. People should, therefore, take counsel and refdr the 
Austrian agitators to their proper places. Whenever approached by them 




I G - 3 - BOHBt!IAN 

Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 15, 1917. 



in the maimer described, they should secure their name^, and addresses 
and report them to authorities or to our office. We cannot warn our 
countrymen enough not to lend an ear to the seditious talk of the 
German and Magyar agitators, who want to lure them into financial 
transactions which will unfailingly prove harmful. 




I G 



BOIIEJ-X^I'J 



Denni Hlasatel . Feb. 6, 1917. 

Al.:3RICAi: aCLCRS FOR CZECHS 

"Decorate with American colors!" This slogan has made its rotmds 
among our countrymen of Czech descent, and everywhere one sees men 
and vromen, rich or poor, native or immigrant, wearing the little flag 
in the buttonhole. By displaying the colors, Chicago openly proclaims 
that it is ready to do its duty in any emergency arising from the 
present situation. 

There is roing to be a meet ins in the La Salle hotel, in which 
preparations for a festive day "the flag day" will be discussed, 
and every visitor v/ill be given a small, silk flag. 




I G 
I C 



BOIIS».aAK 



Deimi Hlasatel . Jan. 23, 1917. 

WORDS Vffi DID ICOT EXPECT 

(Editorial) 

The Chicago Daily Tribune published an article which surprises us coming 
as it does from the Tribune itself. Its originator is Robert Herrick, 
TribTine correspondent, at this time in Paris, France, It discussed a 
Geiman peace offer, which is considered by the Tribune and other Chicago 
papers as sincere, as a precious opportunity, .vhich should be eagerly 
seized by the Allies, so that an "honorable peace" could be declared 
upon its basis. Nobody has spoken in this trend as yet in the Chicago 
press I Vi'e do not doubt that the article has evoked uneasy feelings 
among the readers of the Tribune , yet it surely will also do some good 
in informing the broad American public, that part of it, that draws its 
knowledge about the War from the English language dailies on details that 
will enable them to form a proper conception about the Germans and. America, 




I n - 2 - BOHEI.aAN 

Dennl Hlasatel « Jan. E3, 1917, 

Mr. Herri ck sent his article to the Tribiine on December 17, soon after 
the peace overtures made by our President, which so conspicuously fitted 
into the German peace proposals. We shall try to make the reader acquainted 
with the contents of the article, although, on account of limited gpace, 
we cannot fully reprint it to do it justice. The parts v/hich are of signal 
importance read as follows: 

"The only spot where the peace proposal is taken seriously is the United 
States, or where the people talk of peace is when they are not preoccupied 
with making money. In America, and in Germany, they constantly talk of 
peace, which, of course, causes the people of the Allied nations to become 
convinced that the Central powers need peace more than the Allies. Those 
newspapers that sympathize with the Allies have indeed fallen for the 
German peace propaganda, as directed by Schiff ; they elaborately treat all 
the possible conditions, and so take the attitude that the war is a draw, 
that the Allies, who have set themselves to the task of liberating the 




1_ 

I 



G 



- 3 - 



Deimi Hlasatel. Jan. 23, 1917. 



BOIffif-^IAN 



world from German militarisn and Teutonic lust for conquest, should 
view the situation with good f,race, and abandon the major part of what 
they have brought sacrifices and shed their blood for in this most 
costly and bloody V/ar in history." 

To cap this, suggestions are being made to the Allies for a more ex- 
pansive and energetic propaganda among the German peoples so that they 
should rise against their rulers, because, once the Ilohenzollem are 
removed, the Allies v;ill be in a better position "to save their face." 
But why should the German people v;ish to change their government when 
the Kaiser, with his Eethmann and his Hindenburg, has forced the rest 
of Europe down to her knees, so that she is willing to listen to the 
German peace terms, when Germany is in possession of Belgium, Poland, 
Servia, Roumania? ./hy do Americans babble so foolishly when touching 
upon European affairs? The great majority of Americans evidently do 
not know at the present time what Europe is fighting for. Germany, 





- 4 - 
Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 23, 1917, 



BCHET'.TAi: 




whose propaganda has burned out everyvvhere else, has found a most fertile 
soil for it in our United States. 

Peace, of course, could have been concluded any time during the last two 
years - a C-ennan peace, in which the holy German 2mpire could safely 
spread out over Central Europe, and from the Baltic sea to the Persian 
gulf, a peace which would in reality be only a short-lived measure until 
this same holy German Empire ;vould triumph over the whole vrorld, even over 
the naive Dopulace of the United States of America. But, the Allies do not 
pive one moment's thought to a peace such as this, even when they have be- 
come fully conscious of their innumerable mistakes, of their comparative 
lack of success up to this day, and of the necessity of changing their 
present organization into an efficient instrument of vreir. They do not 
long for a peace like this. They would rather expose themselves to the 
terrible danger of being annihilated, destroyed. 



I G -5- BOIIS?.:iAN 

I c ~ . 

• Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 23, 1917, 

For the very reason that these nations have some spiritual and moral 
strength still left, that they prefer V/ar, and a final decision to such 
a holy German Empire, their platform which is f inner than that of the 
Americeoi civilization woiild be poorly served, indeed, if it were deprived 
of its fortitude, its courage; anything better than to bend iinder the 
yoke of the Teutonic V/orld - Smpirel It is true that Americans, who 
enjoy Hindenburg's confidence, believe that the most favorable outcome 
for the Allies of the war can be a draw. But there are other opinions. 
General Nivelle, who is not given to idle talk, spoke thus to his 
soldiers: "The German army is not as good as ours, and anyone who says 
it is lies." The multitudes of Geimans who surrendered during the last 
month, when there was no fighting done, furnish ample refutation of 
Hindenburg*s IsbbX*^ A victorious army does not surrender without pre- 
vious defeat. The Germans are no amateurs, they know as well as their 
enemies that the vast territories held by them represent only a ram- 
shackle structure, which, if not securely gripped by the Germans to 




IG 
I 



- 6 - 



Denni Hlasatel. Jan. 23, 1917, 



BOHS^IAN 




tinlte what they have stolen, would tumble quicker than it was erected. 
This explains the call for peace from Berlin, 

But let us assume the Allies were at the end of their resources, that 
they felt compelled to admit their utter defeat, and to concede that the 
Central powers could retain the entire territory they stole, aye, that 
they could start a raid on Odessa or Egsrpt, that they could devastate 
northern Italy before next fall, or convinced that necessity gives tthem 
the right, they would violate the neutrality of Switzerland - what then? 
Would it be wise for France or England to conclude peace? 2ven if the 
peace terms were really much more favorable than those that have been 
superficially intimated, even if Germany would declare itself satisfied 
with the "status quo ante" - vrtiich, of course, does not lie in her intention 
- if she would vacate the countries taken, and demand not more than that 
the colonies be given back to her, and that a decent commercial treaty be 
signed among the former belligerents, oven then the Allies could not accept. 



H 



- 7 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 23, 1917, 



BOHEMIAN 




Wiat guaranties cotild Germany offer that she will adhere to the terms? 
"Who would vouchsafe for them? Wo\ild the United States be willing to 
bear the responsibility for a treaty signed by Germany for the duration 
of one, two, ten or twenty years? Who can say vrtiether Germany would 
not in a propitious moment proclaim the treaty to be a mere scrap of 
paper as she did when violating the neutrality of Belgium? Neither 
Schiff nor Ford would stake their fortunes on such a gamble. Just for 
the reason that they are good businessmen would keep them from wagering 
one single dollar in a deal with people who betrayed the confidence of 
everyone with whom they came in contact, where humane feelings played 
a part. . . 



Germany built an unsuimountable wall against peace, when it destroyed 
mankind's confidence in her honor as a nation. Thus, she brought a 
catastrophe upon herself and the world. No one can be found who would 
believe in what a German says under oath. Had Germany conducted an 




- 8 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 23, 1917, 



B0!I3,aAN 




honest War, had it not sinned against Belgiiim, not murdered non- 
combatants, and not enslaved cotintless numbers of inhabitants - peace 
coTild be made any day. 



There is no human force that coiild deservedly punish Germany for all 
that she has sinned - but she has castigated herself, more than the 
Allies coiild do if they won a decisive victory over her arms. All 
the nations of the world hate and. curse the Geiroans. They consider 
them the embodiment of all evil, Mankind trembles before them. It 
will take a generation before her guilt is "whitenmshed." Future 
generations will expiate for the crimes of the Germans. Among the 
nations, the German people will more, wearing the brand of Cain far 
into the remotest futtire. 



^1 



I G 

II B 1 c (3) 



BOHEIHAN 



Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 17, 1917. 

REASONS FOR PATRIOTIC SACRIFICE 

(Editorial) 



The Allied bazaar is nov^ our battlefield upon which we can d emonstrate 
how enthusiastic and generous we are, where we can shov? to what degree 
we deserve of the recognition given to us by the Allies and the sacrifices 
they are willing to bring for the cause of the liberation of the Czech 
nation. Our brethren over the ocean are forced, be it ever so much 
against their own will, to sacrifice on the altar of the German side 
their fortxines and their lives. We, v;ho can freely manifest our 
sentiments for the Czech nation, must by all possible means support 
the Allies, and at this time we can make the first step in the Allied 
bazaar. 




I G 



BOHEUIAN 



II B 1 c (3) 



Denni Hlasatel. Jan, 12, 1917. 

CZECHO-SIAVCNIC DIVISICN ALLIED BAZAAR 



Those who have known the Coliseum from diverse affairs arranged in it, 
will think themselves spirited away into the realm of "One Thousand and 
One Nights'* when they enter this most spacious hall in Chicago to visit 
the Allied bazaar* A transfiguration seems to have taken place there. 

The iron structure seems to have vanished, for it is buried under a 
wealth of flowers, flags, and other decorations. Uncounted multitudes 
are surging through the building, all in a Joyous, happy mood. The 
visitor is becoming aware that charity has taken quarters here. Stt 
Allied bazaar is the greatest humanitarian enterprise since the outbreak 
of the World War, and the proceeds from it are to go to alleviaiw the 
sufferings Ot the people in the countries smitten by the tragedy of the 
international bloodshed. 




/ 



I G 



II B 1 (3) 



- 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 12, 1917, 



BOHBUIAN 



The bazaar is to last till January 20, and for every day a splendid 
program has been prepared. The hours are from 1 P,M, to 11 P.M. ; in 
the cal)(aret side-room till 1 A.M. Among the many vrtio have helped build 
up the bazaar there are to be found ladies of the European artistocraoy 
from the allied countries and those aissooiated with these. But the 
greatest number of helpful men and women came from the ranlcs of the nations 
directly involTed in the war; the Czechs and the Slovaks are, therefore, 
represented by impressive numbers and in a dignified manner. 




The Czecho-Slavonic division consists of two parts; i.e., two tents in 
which our ladles are exhibiting gifts of the most appropriate kinds, as 
embroideries, tid-bits, etc., so that the tents are, so to say, little 
fairs for our women's handicraft. The objects are conspicuous through 
their gay colors and prove more attractive than many other exhibits much 



I G 



- 3 - 



BOHEUIAN 



II B 1 c (3) 



Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 12, 1917. 



more precious at first sight, Groups of yomig women in national costumes 
lend the Czeoho-Slavonio division so much more character. 




The Czeoho-Slavonio division is supervised by a joint 0(»miittee consist- 
ing of members of our largest organizations. About forty ladies have 
burdened themselves with the task of tending to the visitors *of our 
exhibition. A special program is being prepared for Saturday under the 
direction of V. P. Cemy, nnsic pedagogue; the x>03^ormance8 vdll take 
place in the cabaret side-room. It is to be noted that the ladies* 
section of the Filzen Sokol was most generous with gifts for the bazaar, 
many of these of high value. They are all products of industry and skill, 
and it is to be cocpected that more will follow from other organizations. 



I G BOHffl^'IAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 7, 1917. 

FOR CZ3CH VOLUIITE^RS EI GAIIADA 

A collection undertaken in the v;ell-kno;vn I'r, Andel»s Gafe yielded fifteen 
dollars, t;hich was sent as a Ghristnas :ift to some of the Czech volunteors 
in the Canadian Amy, A letter of appreciation from the soldiers stated 
that the Czech volunteers are v.'ell taken care of by the Canadian Array; they 
would, therefore increase the amount to a round fi:;urd and donate it to a 
fund for the widov/s and orphans of Czech soldiers who have lost their lives 
in France, "V/e are glad Tie can help the cause of liberty," they continued, 
"and first of all, do our bit for the Czech neople, V/e are ready for any 
sacrifice and ..'illins to lay dovm our lives for t'le cause, V/e seek neither 
publicity nor praise - only we v/ould not stand for any disoara :ing re.Tiarks 
about our doings. There is a goodly number of us here in the army who have 
belonged to the sociable family in Ilr. Andel's place," 




I G BOHEMIAN 

Dennl gLaeatel , Jan. 4, 1917. 

EDITOR EXPLAmS WILSON'S ATTITUDB 

The Grermans of this town have suddenly changed their opinion about 
President Wilson, "The British Clodpole," as he was dubbed by them, has 
now become a "secret ally" of the Teutonic powers. We think that the 
President ponders only about means to avoid the danger of America's being 
drawn into the tangle while we are not prepared for war. The "friendly" 
visit by the U-boat "U-53" proves thftt Grer»any could transfer its activities 
to this side of the Atlantic ocean and damage business along our shores. 
This is the reason why he is making efforts to end the war. Nobody doubts 
his paciflstic intentions, but the nations fighting the Teutons are faced 
?rith a question of life or death, and so ceomot afford to listen to voices 
clamoring for peac^. They will rather seek to give better protection to 
the ships which carry the business between the United States and Eurppe, 
so as to calm the nerves of our capitalists, whose influence in the peace 
movement is clearly seen. 




I G BOHEMIAN 

I C (Slovak) 

II B 1 c (3) Dennl Hlaaatel. Jan, 4, 1917. 
I C 

CZECHS URGED TO PARTICIPATE IN ALLIED BAZAAR 

Only a few days separate us from one of the greatest huaanitarlan social 
events. All of you have learned about the Allied bazaar, in which one 
division is reserved for the Czechs and Slovaks, In that affair, which 
is to be held in the Coliseum, we will stand in the limelight before a 
severe forum, in which we will be given the opportunity to danonstrate 
that we are a mature nation, that we Czechs and Slovaks of Chicago are 
one solid unit, and that our heart is in the right spot. 

Every Czech and Slovak ought to be supplied v/ith tickets for his whole 
family by this time. This paper has taken care of their sale and it has 
otherwise fulfilled its duties by printing a long series of articles for 




J 



I G - 2 - BOHE?JIAN 

I C (Slovak) 

II B 1 c (3) Dennl Hlasatel , Jan. 4, 1917. 
I C 

the sake of publicity for the bazaar. Will this bear fruit? Perhaps 
every reader of the Hlasatel has bought his ticket by this time; it 
often happens, however , that the date of the purchase is postponed and 
time for the advance sale passes. The pried for the ticket is only 
twenty-five cents; it will be fifty cents shortly. Why then wait and 
pay twice as much when some persons are loath to part with half a 
dollar? 

In the bazaar there will be exhibited all sorts of weapons, airplanes 
Allied and German, a replica of an English village, even a Zeppislin, and 
many other objects worth inspecting. 

The bazaar will not limit itself to the exhibits mentioned; it will 




I g 

I C Isiovak) 

II B 1 c (3) 
I C 



- 3 - 



Dennl Hlasatel, Jan. 4, 1917, 



BOEffi-lIAN 



contain articles of manufacture of a great nximber of countries, and the 
Czechs and Slovaks will occupy one big tent each. Visitors can make 
their day in the bazaar a memorable one by buying one of the beautiful 
souvenirs • 




I G BOHEaCUN 

II B 2 d (1) 

Denni Hlasatel . I&ir. 7, 1916. 

RSFERRHJCr TO THS AFFAIR OF DR. ISKA 

We Will Not Write of This Affair Until Some 

Action is Started 

V/ishins to be entirely impartial in the sad affair of Dr. Iska, the publisher 

of Vesmir , and A. G. Melichar, we published reports which were both favorable ^ 

and unfavorable. ^ 

As we are convinced that further dissemination of reports of this affair would ^ 

for the present be aimless, we decided to stop publication of all reports un- sS 

til some action is started against the newspaper, the Providence Journal . The S 

starting of a lawsuit against this newspaper is the logical thing to do in 4^ 
this case. 



cr 



The accused, Dr. Iska, made a statement not only in this newspaper, but also 
in others, that he would make the trip to Providence, Rhode Island, Simday 
night or Monday morning. Because Dr. Iska, at the Sunday meeting of the 



I G - 2 - BOIIELgAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 7, 1916. 

Svobodna Obec (Congregation of Freethinkers), remarked that for the present 
he would not make the trip, and that he would await an answer from the Ceske 
Narodni Sdruzeni (Bohemian National Alliance), we are convinced that any 
more writing on the subject would be purposeless. 

. V/e wish to inform our readers that we are motivated by a desire to be im- 
partial, and that in this decision they should seek no ulterior motive. 






o 



i» 



I G BOHE?.!IAN 

I? 

Denni Hlasatel . Mar. 3, 1916. 

DR. FRANTISEK ISKA 'VRITES ABOUT HIMSELF 

We made our dally call at the office of Dr. Iska yesterday, to find out the 
latest developments in his affair with Consul General H. Silvestri of Austria- 
Hungary. We are making these calls in the interest of all Czechs. 

Dr. Iska gave us a freshly printed copy of Vesmir , which he edits, and informed 
us that by reading it we would gain all the latest information on the matter. 

We looked oyer the copy and saw practically nothing that would shed more light 
on the matter. All that we found were reprints from other newspapers, and an 
editorial written by Dr. Iska proclaiaing his innocence in that very unpleasemt 
occurrence. 

Mr. Silvestri, the Austrian consul general in Chicago, again requested an inter- 
view with the representative of the Denni Hlasatel (Daily Crier). 




- E - BomjnAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 3, 1916. 

Mr. Silvestri again claims that he does not know Dr. Iska, and that the letter 
printed in the Providence Journal is a forgery, Mr, Silvestri told us that if 
this matter is taken to court he would be willing to testify, and would submit 
to a cross-examination. He also stated that he v;ould repeat in court, should ^ 
the occasion arise, that he does not know Dr, Iska, and that he has never ac- 5 
cepted money for, or has ever paid out any money to, him. With this statement - 
of the consul the interview was ended and we must wait for further development, P 

=e 
o 

v_ , 

v> 




I G BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1915, 

FORD AND THE PEACE 

(Editorial) 

It is certainly most remarkable that people, who show such a great deal of common 
sense and practical understanding in one respect, are 80 pitifully impractical, 
so terribly blind when they are in a sphere different from their accustomed sur- 
roundings. Henry Ford, a man who has been engaging, with such marvelous success 
in the new automobile industry, who has made many million dollars in it, is 
certainly no dreamer, no visionary, but a man of the most practical spirit. But 
his expedition to Europe is such a "flop** that many people cannot but believe 
that he must have been planning it when suffering from an acuta; hallucination. 
Ford has no understanding of Europe, and he has no understanding of this war 
that the people are waging out of desperation, in order to put an end to un- 
bearable conditions. He has grown up in America and, naturally enough, has 
for everything the explanation of an American, Of course, there are a few 
nations in Europe who participate in the war with a great deal of disgust, for 



I Q - 2 - BOHET.aL AN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Dec. 30, 1915. 



instance, the Bohemian nation, which is being forced against her own will tov^r^ 
fight for the obnoxious Austria and its still more obnoxious oaperor, againsv^ 
her own brothers. But such a nation is an exception. The majority of them 
fight for and out of their convictions, a circumstance demonstrated by the 
fact that even the socialists went into the war and are fighting with en- 
thusiasm. The Germans are convinced that they will save the world with their 
disgusting culture. The French, who have suffered humiliations for the last 
fifty years, are convinced that they will finally break the Prussian militarism. 
The British, who have gone into the war with the least enthusiasm of all, know 
very well that they are fighting for the very existence of their world-wide 
empire. The Russians, just as all the other allies, are convinced that it is 
necessary to abolish the Prussian militarism in order that Europe aid the vdiole 
world may live in peace. V/ith what heroic enthusiasm the Belgians defended 
their little country, how valiantly the Serbians fought for theirs, has been 
sufficiently described by various war correspondents. But Ford knows better: 
He is convinced that all he has to do is to go to Europe, and ask the soldiers 
to go on strike, and all will flock behind him. 




Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1915. H \«ph c 

Vc\ '""(,> 
How impractical was the v/ey the expedition was organized was apparent right dC^_^ ^ 
the beginning. Anybody with some standing of any kind could become its member 
upon application. In that way, intolerant people came into the expedition, 
people who fight and argue with one another before the eyes of the whole world, 
thus negating the brotherliness and love of peace they so zealously advocated 
and promoted. No doubt Ford had the best of intentions, enough money, and 
willingness to spend it, but at the same time he had the American fixed idea 
that money will buy anything and everything. He had no understanding of the 
way the people think and feel, and that was the principal reason of his failure. 



I G BOHSMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel « Dec. 29, 1915. 

PYRRHIC VICTORIES 

If a person looks upon the war situation in Europe through the eyes of a 
German sergeant, or, tetter still, if his skin is ready for a taxidermist 
like the skin Marshal Hindenburg boasts of with pride ^ic/, last year's 
war balance may look most satisfactory to him. Pottsdara*s hegemony over 
Central Europe is as complete as it ever can be. Germany's strongest ally, 
Austria-Hungary, is fully under German domination. Vienna's foreign poli- 
cies are dictated from Berlin; German generals rule the Austrian armies. 
Salonika, which has always been the ultimate aim of Austrian politics in 
the Balkans, is threatened by Marshal Mackensen's army, while the Austrian 
army has been given the difficult and profitless duty of subduing Montenegro. 
Customs union between Austria-Hungary and Germany is an accomplished fact, 
and the Hungarian diet is expressing a great deal of satisfaction over the 
controversy between Austria and the United States, a. controversy which is 
by no means in accordance with Austrian wishes, the only reason for the 
Hungarian pleasure being the fact, as expressed by Hungarian leading 



o 



I G - 2 - BOHKMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 29, 1915, 

statesmen, that the controversy tends to stress "Austria-Hungary's indepen- 
dence from Germany". It is just this desire to point out symptoms of such 
independence in absolutely unrelated /s\^ matters that shows the anxiety 
of the ruling circles of the Dual Monarchy over the growing German influence 
in the internal affairs of the Danubian Empire. 

The absolute supremacy of Germany in the affairs of Turkey has been suffi- 
ciently discussed in the daily reports to make any additional proofs of it 
unnecessary. German "advisers" have been appointed to all Ministries in 
Turkey, which means that that country is losing the last prerogatives of 
independence which it had enjoyed, at least in the political sense. In mili- 
tary matters it lost all iniependence a long time ago; its army is just as 
completely controlled by German officers as the Austrian army. There is 
no doubt that these "advisers" are actually dictators also in all matters 
pertaining to Turkey's internal affairs. Of the "allies" of Germany, Bul- 
garia has succeeded in preserving perhaps the greatest degree of independence, 
although news about bloody encounters between German and Bulgarian officers 



I G - 3 - BOHSMIAK 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1915. 

prove that here also the Prussians have ra^de an attempt to impose their will 
upon a helper of nominally equal rank. 

And thus, leading a gang of obedient slaves, the Kaiser continues his triumphal 
march to his "place in the sun". The Russian army has been pushed far back 
into its own territory without any apparent indication of its ability to start 
a large-scale offensive in the near future; the Russian territory occupied by 
Germany is larger than a half of Germany itself, and it is just in that occu- 
pied territory that the industrial life of Russia was pulsating. The events 
in the Balkans are too recent a memory to make any enlarging upon them necessary, 
Serbia is crushed and under the heel of its Teutonic cuid Bulgarian invaders, ^ 
and only a handful of Montenegrin heroes have been able to still keep up the 
fight, England is recalling her army from the Gallipoli Peninsula, thus ad- 
mitting the uselessness of fighting upon that particular battlefield after 
having lost one hundred thousani men there. In Mesopotamia, the British ex- 
peditionary forces have been thrown back from the very gates of Bagdad, losing 
in that way a great deal of prestige in the eyes of the Mohammedan world; 



-a: 



I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Deo. 29, 1915. 

at this time, the British are putting forti their strongest efforts to hold 
their positions at Kut-el-Amara , halfway to the Persian Gulf, That they 
could repeat their attack in the direction of Bagdad, the old goal of the 
Pan-Germanic "Drang Nach Osten" (pressure toward the East), seems to be out 
of the question. 

Neither do the other fronts show a more cheerful aspect for the Allies, For 
seven months, the Italians have been b'sating their foreheads against the 
fortifications of Gorizia, their principal obstacle on the way to the ulti- 
mate aim of their campaign, the port of Trieste; their advanced observers do 
not yet even see Trentino, the other main prize to which they aspire. The 
loss of almost half a million men has not brought them as yet even one half 
of the territory that had bean offered to them freely by Austria. The chief 
coimnander of the British army on the Western Front has been discharged because 
of grave errors he committed, which caused the failure of the May offensive 
at Neuve Chapelle and the fall offensive at Loos, The French offensive in the 
Champagne gained a few kilometers, barely noticeable on the mao, which were 



I G - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 29, 1915. 

paid for with such heavy losses that its balance is rather in favor of the 
enemies of the Hepublic. Hence, as we have said, an observer looking at 
the war situation through the spectacles of a German sergeant cannot but 
believe that, according to all rules of former wars, the Allies should 
have been on their knees a long time ago, gratefully accepting any condi- 
tions no matter how cruel they might be, dictated by the bosses in Berlin. 

The fact, however, is that the desire and asking for peace is much stronger 
in Germany than in the Allied countries. The victories of the Geiman armies 
are gradually assuming the character of Pyrrhic victories. Another series of 
such victories as the Geiman armies have won so far, and the Vaterland will 
be an economic ruin. As recently as in August of this year, the German minis- 
ter of finance. Dr. Karl Helfferich, made the statement that the cost of the 
war will be paid for from the enormous indemnity that will be exacted from 
the Allies, and particularly from France. However, in the present session of 
the Reichstag {German i)arliament) Helfferich had to admit that the income tax 
would have to be raised, in some cases as much as 150 per cent, in order to 



I G - 6 - BCmMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1915. 

prevent tlie country from going into bankruptcy. The Berliner Tageblatt , one 
of the pillars of the Kaiser's government, complains bitterly that Helfferich*s 
former speeches indicated that no new taxes would be imposed before the end 
of the war, and then only in case such taxes were necessary, and now the 
Minister announces that new taxes will be levied at the beginning of the 
coming year. Dr. Helfferich, in order to get out of the blind alley, blames, 
as usual, the socialistic propaganda for the discontent of the public. But 
that is an excuse which will find little credence even among the Germans them- 
selves. In this war, the Kaiser has had no more valuable helpers than the 
leaders of the German socialists. 

The superior economic power of the Allies, their absolute control of the seas, 
the stymie of all German industrial life which, in the capitalistic system, 
must necessarily depend upon exports, the loss of colonies, the fiim deter- 
mination of all Allied countries to keep on fighting until the Prussian mili- 
tarism is destroyed — all that must exercise a most depressing influence on 
the whole public life of Germany. Yesterday's reported attack of the hungry 



I G - 7 - BOHSMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1915. 

population on the palaoe of Archduke Stephen in Vienna, where the blue-blooded 
gang that had dragged the people into this war and into all this bottomless 
misery was indulging in unrestrained merrymaking, feasting, and drunken orgies 
almost directly in the view of their starving victims—this attack, the stormy 
demonstrations of suffering women in Germany's market places, all indicates that 
the population of the Central Powers has instinctively come to realize who the 
true culprits are, where the true root of all the evil is, A guillotine, 5 
erected in front of the imparial castle in Vienna, and another in front of the -n. 
Kaiser's palace in Berlin would be a much more certain indication of victory of p 
the nations of central Europe than the idiotic wooden statue of Hindenburg. ^ 

o 

CO 



^ 



I Q . BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 25, 1915. 

THE WAR SITUATION 

At the beginning of this month the question of peace was discussed by the 
parliGuaents of all Suropean nations. It was disposed oi' by all of them. 
By the governments of the Allies very definitely and unmistakably; by the .:v_ 
German government more hesitatingly and with some misgiving, and particu- \V 
larly with an undertone stressing that "'they' do not want peace, so what's 7- 
the use of talking about it". At the same time, all newspapers discussed ^ 
the war situation, and the chances of a victory for one or the other group, -\ 

o 
Uany a person who reads the papers and follows the events of the war, the - '^ 
battles fought and the movements of the amies, believes as the leading ^} 
German politicians believe, who are sure that the Allies were beaten already 
some months ago, and wonder why they do not want to admit that fact and sue 
for peace. But the fact of the natter is that the Allies are not aware of, do 
not admit any defeat, and that they are prepared to continue fighting for 
several years. Nobody denies that all advantages on the battlefields are on 



I G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel . Dec. 25, 1915. 

Germany's side, and that the Germans go from one success to another. Bat, 
at the same time, nobody doubts that the Germans were the first to get tired 
of the war and would like to make an end to it. 

Right at the beginning of the war it was said that if Germany failed to win 
a quick victory the war would beoome a war of "keep on fighting," "bear it 
as long as one can," a war of sapping one another's energy and resources, a 
war of starving one another's populations. England's point of view in this 
respect has been expressed very clearly by Winston Churchill who, when leav- 
ing the battlefield, said: "Old wars were decided by individual battles. One 
battle could decide the outcome of a long war. But this war is different. 
The idea for which it is being waged is more important than what is going on 
on the battlefields. We do not have to win any spectacular victories, any 
great battles, but all the same, we shall win the war. While the Germans are 
deep in the enemy's territories, while their flags are flyiiig over occupied 
cities and provinces, while, to all appearances, they pile victory upon vic- 
tory, Germany may be more fatally and more decisively beaten in the second or 



I 3 



I Q - 3 - BOHEWTAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 25, 1915. 

third year of the war than if the Allies had taken Berlin right in the first 
year of it." 

To the English, who were depressed and in a pessimistic frame of mind, this 
statement was a great consolation. All their newspapers commented upon it. 
The New Statesman says about it: "These words that size up the slow, but Just 
that much more certain, working of Nemesis on Grennany are a much more truthful 
description of the situation and are much more fitting than those we hear so 
frequently: *Had we done this, or tbat, the war would be over by now.*" 

This optimism, however, is not general with all English newspapers. There are 
doubters among them who feel that the "incidents on the battlefields" which 
Churchill speaks about are getting to be too frequent, and that a few more of 
them could very well have a most decisive influence on the outcome of the 
whole vrair. Particularly the Serbiem "incident" made a very strong impression 
on public opinion in England. The Outlook writes about it: "We agree with 
Churchill that, in general, our chances are good. But let us not forget that 



I G - 3 - BOHEMT.AN 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 25, 1915. 

third year of the war than if the Allies had taken Berlin right in the first 
year of it." 

To the English, who were depressed and in a pessimistic frame of mind, this 
statement was a great consolation. All their newspapers commented upon it. 
The New Statesman says about it: ♦♦These words that size up the slow, but jiist 
that much more certain, working of Nemesis on Germany are a much more truthful 
description of the sitxiation and are much more fitting than those we hear so 
frequently: *Had we done this, or that, the war would be over by now.*" 

This optimism, however, is not general with all English newspapers. There are 
doubters among them who feel that the "incidents on the battlefields" which 
Churchill speaks about are getting to be too frequent, and that a few more of 
them could very well have a most decisive influence on the outcome of the 
whole war. Particularly the Serbian "incident" made a very strong impression 
on public opinion in England. The Outlook writes about it: "We agree with 
Churchill that, in general, our chances are good. But let us not forget that 



I G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 25, 1915. 

what is for us — here on our island surrounded by water and safe from an in- 
vasion — just an 'incident,' appears to the Serbian nation to be an annihila- 
tion, a great national tragedy. The Serbian 'incident* is, in the eyes of the 
Allies and particularly the Western Allies, just a sad affair, more sad than 
the Dardanelles 'incident* in the opinion of those who have believed and still 
believe that the only vulnerable point of the Central Powers is somewhere deep ^ 
in German territory, and that the road from Berlin to Constantinople is longer 
than the road from Verdun to Mainz. The Serbian 'incident' is that much more 
painful for us, and that much more embarrassing — I am using this word purposely- 
because it has caught us unprepared and because it could have been prevented. 
It had been foreseen by diplomats, had involved certain promises and obligations 
on our part which we have not fulfilled because we came too late." 



-c 



o 

The Nation believes that the time when a war could be decided by one splendid, ^ 
victorious battle is past, and says: 'It appears that victory depends on the 
number of trained and trainable men which the nation's resources enable it to 
maintain. But on the other hand it must not be forgotten that no matter how 



I G - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel « Dec. 25, 1915. 

large that number may be, it is not inexhaustible, and every nation will 
eventually reach its limits. A nation is encouraged and strengthened by 
a victory on the battlefield, but losses and defeats may have a decisive 
bearing on its final exhaustion. Churchill's statement may, therefore, 
be valuable in general, but it would be fatal if it should make us less 
enthusiastic or indifferent." 1 



> 



The Nation goes on: "Considering the course of the whole war we cannot fail p 
to see the difference between the first six months of it and the second half :^ 
of the first year. While, at the beginning, the Germans put forth their most ^ 
powerful efforts, they came close to being defeated. The Battle of the Mame 
was so decisive that it ruined all German hopes for a final victory. Strange 
to say, success was with Germany, however, during the following six months, 
and that shoxild make us stop and consider whether Churchill's assurances are 
not somewhat dangerous. Perhaps we could have won by now if we had not been 
too sure that we shall win in the end." 



o 



.•Ni 



I G - 6 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel. De. 25, 1915, 

Then, spsakins of the failures in Egypt, at Gallipoli, and in the Balkans in 
general, the paper says: "It seems that our trouble is indifference. Parti- • 
cularly in times of crises we seem to be extremely indifferent. What hap- 
pened during the great offensives in May and in September? Victory was almost 
in the hands of our soldiers. But they lost it, because of the incompetence 
of their officers. It would be timely to find out whether the Allies have a 
plan, an idea, as to how they will finally defeat Germany, Heavy losses of 
man power and the danger of hunger are not serious enough to make the Germans 
accept such a peace as we want, and accept it reasonably soon. We do not 
doubt that we hnve the greater advantages. But if we rely on them too much, 
and permit two more neutrals on the Balkan Peninsula to join our enemy, it 
may easily hsppen that we shall land in a mire. If we fail to take a decisive 
and quick action, if we fail to see the future and prepare plans, we shall be 
fighting in vain." 




BOHBIMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel . Dec. 15, 1915, 

THE HATED AMERICA 

One of the most regrettable effects the iVorld lYeur will hare is the baffling fact ^ 
that the United States is gradually getting to be the most hated nation of the 
world. This questionable privilege was, until recently, reserved for Gennany; 
but, for two main reasons, it is being slowly treinsf erred to us. Ibese two 
reasons are: the inordinate cupidity of our ^'captains of industry"— as they are 
called by our servile press — and the vacillating policy of our Government. Per- ^ 
haps the second reason has don